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Sample records for cac dong lua

  1. Dong quai

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... dong quai and other ingredients hot flashes were decreased. Migraine. Early research suggests that taking a combination ... motherwort, white peony, Banks' rose, and Ligustica during pregnancy reduces ... is needed to rate the effectiveness of dong quai for these uses.

  2. LÖVE for Lua game programming

    CERN Document Server

    Mishra, Brij Bhushan

    2013-01-01

    This book follows a tutorial approach with examples and step-by-step instructions to help explain the key concepts of the LÖVE framework as well as everything you need to know about game development using the Lua programming language.LÖVE2d for Lua Game Programming is for anyone who is interested in learning about desktop game development.

  3. Colorful Dong Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    Among all the nationalities of China, the Dong group enjoys one of the best reputations for architecture.Since ancient times, a saying has been popular with the Dong: "The drum tower is built before the village."With the drum tower as an important landmark, some villages even have three or four. They look magnificent. Their unique style is regarded as a masterpiece of the architectural arts, absorbing the essence of traditional pavilions and towers and breaking through the staid, conventional form of drum towers.The corridor-style bridge, also typical of the Dong, is built over green waters.The wooden bridge, with no use for nails, can provide shelter against the wind and rain and usually a serene view.The Dong also enjoy singing. At the 1986 Paris International Art Festival, the Dong chorus, with their unique singing style and melodious rhymes, caused a sensation in international musical circles.Their soulful singing is said to be the most important discovery in Chinese music history and a miracle of w

  4. Lua(Jit) for computing accelerator beam physics

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2016-01-01

    As mentioned in the 2nd developers meeting, I would like to open the debate with a special presentation on another language - Lua, and a tremendous technology - LuaJit. Lua is much less known at CERN, but it is very simple, much smaller than Python and its JIT is extremely performant. The language is a dynamic scripting language easy to learn and easy to embedded in applications. I will show how we use it in HPC for accelerator beam physics as a replacement for C, C++, Fortran and Python, with some benchmarks versus Python, PyPy4 and C/C++.

  5. Dong Yi: A Professional Amateur

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XiaoMeng

    2005-01-01

    In January, 2005, CCTV Music Channel broadcast Dong Yi's solo zheng concert. Music critics said her interpretation of this traditional Chinese pluck instrument is so poetic and passionate that listeners can naturally feel her heart and feminine softness.

  6. Isolation and characterization of higher metallofullerenes Ca@C92 and Ca@C94

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Yuliang Che; Hua Yang; Hongxiao Jin; Chunxin Lu; Ziyang Liu

    2009-05-01

    We report for the first time isolation of Ca@C92 and Ca@C94 by multi-stage highperformance liquid chromatography technique without recycling equipment. It is notable that higher metallofullerenes containing alkaline earth metal ions could be isolated although their relative yields are extremely low. Ca@C92 and Ca@C94 are also confirmed by LD-TOF mass spectrometry and characterrized by UV-Vis-NIR absorption measurements.

  7. Snake Worsbip among the Dong Nationality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1993-01-01

    THE beautiful area of mountains and rivers atthe juncture of Hunan, Gulzhou and GuangxiZhuang Autonomous Region is irthabited byover 1 million Dong people. Because of the area’sgeographic remoteness, this minority ethnic groupformed its own notions on nature over the centuries.The Dong ancestors worshiped snakes, a tradition thathas not entirely died out today.In the traditional concept of the Dong people,snakes are not ordinary reptiles but supernatural beings

  8. Consolidated Audit And Compliance System (CACS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — Consolidated Audit and Compliance System: is an audit findings management and reporting system. CACS is an implementation of the Agency Secure Image and Storage...

  9. CAC Algorithm Based on Fuzzy Logic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ľubomír DOBOŠ

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Quality of Service (QoS represent one ofmajor parameters that describe mobile wirelesscommunication systems. Thanks growing popularity ofmobile communication in last years, there is anincreasing expansion of connection admission controlschemes (CAC that plays important role in QoSdelivering in terms of connection blocking probability,connection dropping probability, data loss rate andsignal quality.With expansion of services provided by the mobilenetworks growing the requirements to QoS andtogether growing requirements to CAC schemes.Therefore, still more sophisticated CAC schemes arerequired to guarantee the QoS. This paper containsshort introduction into division of connectionadmission control schemes and presents thresholdoriented CAC scheme with fuzzy logic used foradaptation of the threshold value.

  10. Donges Receives 2013 Donald L. Turcotte Award

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-01

    Jonathan F. Donges was awarded the 2013 Donald L. Turcotte Award, given annually to recent Ph.D. recipients for outstanding dissertation research that contributes directly to the field of nonlinear geophysics. Donges's Ph.D. thesis is entitled "Functional network macroscopes for probing past and present Earth system dynamics." He gave an invited talk and was formally presented with the award at the 2013 AGU Fall Meeting, held 9-13 December in San Francisco, Calif.

  11. An Effective Community Advisory Committee (CAC). Revised.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duganne-Glicksman, Mary Ann; Dutton, Donna H.

    This document presents one module in a set of training resources for trainers to use with parents and/or professionals serving children with disabilities; focus is on effective community advisory committees (CACs). The modules stress content and activities that build skills and offer resources to promote parent-professional collaboration. Each…

  12. Pressure-induced structural transformation of CaC2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lu; Huang, Xiaoli; Li, Da; Huang, Yanping; Bao, Kuo; Li, Fangfei; Wu, Gang; Liu, Bingbing; Cui, Tian

    2016-05-01

    The high pressure structural changes of calcium carbide CaC2 have been investigated with Raman spectroscopy and synchrotron X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques in a diamond anvil cell at room temperature. At ambient conditions, two forms of CaC2 co-exist. Above 4.9 GPa, monoclinic CaC2-ii diminished indicating the structural phase transition from CaC2-ii to CaC2-i. At about 7.0 GPa, both XRD patterns and Raman spectra confirmed that CaC2-i transforms into a metallic Cmcm structure which contains polymeric carbon chains. Along with the phase transition, the isolated C2 dumbbells are polymerized into zigzag chains resulting in a large volume collapse with 22.4%. Above 30.0 GPa, the XRD patterns of CaC2 become featureless and remain featureless upon decompression, suggesting an irreversible amorphization of CaC2.

  13. CAC - NUCLEAR THERMAL ROCKET CORE ANALYSIS CODE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, J. S.

    1994-01-01

    One of the most important factors in the development of nuclear rocket engine designs is to be able to accurately predict temperatures and pressures throughout a fission nuclear reactor core with axial hydrogen flow through circular coolant passages. CAC is an analytical prediction program to study the heat transfer and fluid flow characteristics of a circular coolant passage. CAC predicts as a function of time axial and radial fluid conditions, passage wall temperatures, flow rates in each coolant passage, and approximate maximum material temperatures. CAC incorporates the hydrogen properties model STATE to provide fluid-state relations, thermodynamic properties, and transport properties of molecular hydrogen in any fixed ortho-para combination. The program requires the general core geometry, the core material properties as a function of temperature, the core power profile, and the core inlet conditions as function of time. Although CAC was originally developed in FORTRAN IV for use on an IBM 7094, this version is written in ANSI standard FORTRAN 77 and is designed to be machine independent. It has been successfully compiled on IBM PC series and compatible computers running MS-DOS with Lahey F77L, a Sun4 series computer running SunOS 4.1.1, and a VAX series computer running VMS 5.4-3. CAC requires 300K of RAM under MS-DOS, 422K of RAM under SunOS, and 220K of RAM under VMS. No sample executable is provided on the distribution medium. Sample input and output data are included. The standard distribution medium for this program is a 5.25 inch 360K MS-DOS format diskette. CAC was developed in 1966, and this machine independent version was released in 1992. IBM-PC and IBM are registered trademarks of International Business Machines. Lahey F77L is a registered trademark of Lahey Computer Systems, Inc. SunOS is a trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc. VMS is a trademark of Digital Equipment Corporation. MS-DOS is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.

  14. A study of the ground states of CaC2H+2,CaC2D+2 and CaC2H+4

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The geometries, vibrational frequencies and bind energies are reported for the ground states of CaC2H+2, CaC2D+2 and CaC2H+4. CaC2H+2 and CaC2H+4 equilibrium geometries have C2v symmetry with the metal ion lying in the perpendicular bisector of the C-C bond. The ground state in both CaC2H+2 and CaC2H+4 molecules ia a 2A1 state and the binding in the ground state is mainly electrostatic. For both CaC2H+2 and CaC2H+4 the ligand is only slightly distorted from its free ligand structure, the C-C distance has hardly increased and there is only a very small bending of the H atom away from the Ca atom. This is consistent with the electrostatic nature of the bonding. Two different approaches-Hartree-Fock(HF) and density functional theory methods(DFT)-are used and basis sets here used is 6-311+G(3df,2p). The DFT results are in good agreement with experiments, namely, DFT methods provide the benefits that some more expensive ab initio methods can do, but at essentially HF cost. So it is important to include electron correlation for accurate results in this study.

  15. PENGARUH GOOD CORPORATE GOVERNANCE TERHADAP LUAS PENGUNGKAPAN INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Iskandarsjah Zulkarnaen

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Pengungkapan Intellectual Capital merupakan pengungkapan unsur neraca berdasar pada item berbasis ilmu pengetahuan yang dimiliki perusahaan dan menghasilkan manfaat pada masa depan perusahaan. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah perusahaan publik yang terdaftar dalam indeks LQ 45 di BEI, dengan populasi yang berjumlah 45 perusahaan. Pemilihan sampel menggunakan purposive sampling dengan hasil sampel berjumlah 37 perusahaan. Berdasar pada hasil penelitian, maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa tidak terdapat pengaruh baik secara simultan maupun secara parsial antara komisaris independen, direksi independen dan komite audit terhadap luas pengungkapan Intellectual Capital. Intellectual Capital disclosure is a disclosure of elements in the balance sheet based on the science-based items owned by a company.It generates benefits for the company’s future.The population in this study is 45 public companies listed on the Stock Exchange LQ 45 index. In selecting the sample, purposive sampling is used; and it results 37 companies. Based on the study done, it can be concluded that there are not any simultaneous and partial influences between independent commissioner, independent director and audit committee to the disclosure of Intellectual Capital

  16. Challenges of CAC in Heterogeneous Wireless Cognitive Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jiazheng; Fu, Xiuhua

    Call admission control (CAC) is known as an effective functionality in ensuring the QoS of wireless networks. The vision of next generation wireless networks has led to the development of new call admission control (CAC) algorithms specifically designed for heterogeneous wireless Cognitive networks. However, there will be a number of challenges created by dynamic spectrum access and scheduling techniques associated with the cognitive systems. In this paper for the first time, we recommend that the CAC policies should be distinguished between primary users and secondary users. The classification of different methods of cac policies in cognitive networks contexts is proposed. Although there have been some researches within the umbrella of Joint CAC and cross-layer optimization for wireless networks, the advent of the cognitive networks adds some additional problems. We present the conceptual models for joint CAC and cross-layer optimization respectively. Also, the benefit of Cognition can only be realized fully if application requirements and traffic flow contexts are determined or inferred in order to know what modes of operation and spectrum bands to use at each point in time. The process model of Cognition involved per-flow-based CAC is presented. Because there may be a number of parameters on different levels affecting a CAC decision and the conditions for accepting or rejecting a call must be computed quickly and frequently, simplicity and practicability are particularly important for designing a feasible CAC algorithm. In a word, a more thorough understanding of CAC in heterogeneous wireless cognitive networks may help one to design better CAC algorithms.

  17. DongBa Dance--Mixture of cultures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵春娟

    2014-01-01

    DongBa Dance is a kind of ancient dance that created by Naxi people living in the Southwest of China and recorded by their own hieroglyph.During the development, it adopted parts of Tibetan, Indian and Egyptian cultures.So, as the mixture of cultures, DongBa Dance is marching into the world and causing a great attention.The ancient DongBa Dance will get a new life in the world.

  18. DongBa Dance——Mixture of cultures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵春娟

    2014-01-01

    Dong Ba Dance is a kind of ancient dance that created by Naxi people living in the Southwest of China and recorded by their own hieroglyph.During the development, it adopted parts of Tibetan, Indian and Egyptian cultures.So, as the mixture of cultures, Dong Ba Dance is marching into the world and causing a great attention.The ancient Dong Ba Dance will get a new life in the world.

  19. Propojení knihovny pro zpracování obrazu s jazykem Lua

    OpenAIRE

    Prymus, Jiří

    2012-01-01

    Předmětem této diplomové práce je seznámení se s knihovnou OpenCV a s jejím přemostěním do skriptovacího jazyka Lua. Prvá část práce popisuje kurz počítačového vidění MPOV a základní matematické aparáty používané v tomto kurzu. Dále následuje popis knihovny OpenCV a její využití ve výše zmíněném kurzu. Třetí část se věnuje stručnému popisu programovacího skriptovacího jazyka Lua. Praktická část se zabývá přemostěním knihovny OpenCV do jazyka Lua pomocí Lua C API, vývoji podpůrných programů pr...

  20. Assessment of Young Dong tributary and Imgok Creek impacted by Young Dong coal mine, South Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Byung-Tae; Ranville, James F; Wildeman, Thomas R; Jang, Min; Shim, Yon Sik; Ji, Won Hyun; Park, Hyun Sung; Lee, Hyun Ju

    2012-01-01

    An initial reclamation of the Young Dong coal mine site, located in northeastern South Korea, was completed in 1995. Despite the filling of the adit with limestone, acid rock drainage (ARD) enters Young Dong tributary and is then discharged to Imgok Creek. This ARD carries an average of 500 mg CaCO(3)/l of mineral acidity, primarily as Fe(II) and Al. Before spring runoff, the flow of Imgok Creek is 3.3-4 times greater than that of the tributary and has an alkalinity of 100 mg CaCO(3)/l, which is sufficient to eliminate the mineral acidity and raise the pH to about 6.5. From April through September 2008, there were at least two periods of high surface flow that affects the flow of ARD from the adit. Flow of ARD reaches 2.8 m(3)/min during spring runoff. This raised the concentrations of Fe and Al in the confluence with Imgok Creek. However, by 2 km downstream the pH of the Imgok Creek is 6.5 and only dissolved Fe is above the Korean drinking water criteria (0.30 mg/l). This suggests only a minor impact of Young Dong Creek water on Imgok Creek. Acid digestion of the sediments in Imgok Creek and Young Dong Tributary reveals considerable abundances of heavy metals, which could have a long-term impact on water quality. However, several water-based leaching tests, which better simulate the bioavailable metals pool, released only Al, Fe, Mn, and Zn at concentrations exceeding the criteria for drinking water or aquatic life.

  1. FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI LUAS PENGUNGKAPAN WAJIB LAPORAN KEUANGAN PADA KPRI DI KUDUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subkhan -

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini adalah apakah likuiditas, profitabilitas dan size mempengaruhi pengungkapan laporan keuangan KPRI. Populasi dalam penelitian ini yaitu KPRI di Kabupaten Kudus yang berjumlah 45 KPRI. Dengan teknik purposive sampling diperoleh sampel 25.Variabel penelitian terdiri dari likuiditas, profitabilitas, size dan luas pengungkapan. Data yang digunakan berupa data sekunder yang diambil dengan teknik dokumentasi. Analisis data menggunakan regresi linier berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tingkat pengungkapan laporan keuangan masih tergolong kurang lengkap. Secara simultan likuiditas, profitabilitas, dan size mempengaruhi pengungkapan wajib. Secara parsial likuiditas tidak mempengaruhi luas pengungkapan wajib dikarenakan tingkat likuiditas KPRI yang over liquid sedangkan profitabilitas dan size mempengaruhi luas pengungkapan wajib. The problem in this study is whether liquidity, profitability and size influence the disclosure of KPRI financial report. The population in this study was forty five KPRI in Kabupaten Kudus. Then, purposive sampling technique was used for obtaining 45 KPRI. The variables for this study are liquidity, profitability, size and to what extent the financial statement is disclosed. The data used were secondary data taken by using technical documentation. The data is analyzed by using multiple linear regression. The result shows that the disclosure of financial statements have not ben enough completed yet Simultaneously, liquidity, profitability, and size affect the mandatory disclosure. Partially, liquidity does not have much influnce on the mandatory disclosure. It is due to an over-liquid KPRI. Meanwhile, profitability and size affect the mandatory disclosure.

  2. Grayscale optical correlator for CAD/CAC applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, Tien-Hsin; Lu, Thomas

    2008-03-01

    This paper describes JPL's recent work on high-performance automatic target recognition (ATR) processor consisting of a Grayscale Optical Correlator (GOC) and neural network for various Computer Aided Detection and Computer Aided Classification (CAD/CAC) applications. A simulation study for sonar mine and mine-like target detection and classification is presented. Applications to periscope video ATR is also presented.

  3. Pro Android Python with SL4A Writing Android Native Apps Using Python, Lua, and Beanshell

    CERN Document Server

    Ferrill, Paul

    2011-01-01

    Pro Android Python with SL4A is for programmers and hobbyists who want to write apps for Android devices without having to learn Java first. Paul Ferrill leads you from installing the Scripting Layer for Android (SL4A) to writing small scripts, to more complicated and interesting projects, and finally to uploading and packaging your programs to an Android device. Android runs scripts in many scripting languages, but Python, Lua, and Beanshell are particularly popular. Most programmers know more than one programming language, so that they have the best tool for whatever task they want to accomp

  4. Soil Moisture Mapping in an Arid Area Using a Land Unit Area (LUA Sampling Approach and Geostatistical Interpolation Techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeid Gharechelou

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Soil moisture (SM plays a key role in many environmental processes and has a high spatial and temporal variability. Collecting sample SM data through field surveys (e.g., for validation of remote sensing-derived products can be very expensive and time consuming if a study area is large, and producing accurate SM maps from the sample point data is a difficult task as well. In this study, geospatial processing techniques are used to combine several geo-environmental layers relevant to SM (soil, geology, rainfall, land cover, etc. into a land unit area (LUA map, which delineates regions with relatively homogeneous geological/geomorphological, land use/land cover, and climate characteristics. This LUA map is used to guide the collection of sample SM data in the field, and the field data is finally spatially interpolated to create a wall-to-wall map of SM in the study area (Garmsar, Iran. The main goal of this research is to create a SM map in an arid area, using a land unit area (LUA approach to obtain the most appropriate sample locations for collecting SM field data. Several environmental GIS layers, which have an impact on SM, were combined to generate a LUA map, and then field surveying was done in each class of the LUA map. A SM map was produced based on LUA, remote sensing data indexes, and spatial interpolation of the field survey sample data. The several interpolation methods (inverse distance weighting, kriging, and co-kriging were evaluated for generating SM maps from the sample data. The produced maps were compared to each other and validated using ground truth data. The results show that the LUA approach is a reasonable method to create the homogenous field to introduce a representative sample for field soil surveying. The geostatistical SM map achieved adequate accuracy; however, trend analysis and distribution of the soil sample point locations within the LUA types should be further investigated to achieve even better results. Co

  5. Manufacturer identification and storage time determination of "Dong'e Ejiao" using near infrared spectroscopy and chemometrics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Wen-Long; Han, Hai-Fan; Zhang, Lu; Zhang, Yan; Qu, Hai-Bin

    2016-05-01

    We have developed a set of chemometric methods to address two critical issues in quality control of a precious traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), Dong'e Ejiao (DEEJ). Based on near infrared (NIR) spectra of multiple samples, the genuine manufacturer of DEEJ, e.g. Dong'e Ejiao Co., Ltd., was accurately identified among 21 suppliers by the fingerprint method using Hotelling T(2), distance to Model X (DModX), and similarity match value (SMV) as discriminate criteria. Soft independent modeling of the class analogy algorithm led to a misjudgment ratio of 6.2%, suggesting that the fingerprint method is more suitable for manufacturer identification. For another important feature related to clinical efficacy of DEEJ, storage time, the partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) method was applied with a satisfactory misjudgment ratio (15.6%) and individual prediction error around 1 year. Our results demonstrate that NIR spectra comprehensively reflect the essential quality information of DEEJ, and with the aid of proper chemometric algorithms, it is able to identify genuine manufacturer and determine accurate storage time. The overall results indicate the promising potential of NIR spectroscopy as an effective quality control tool for DEEJ and other precious TCM products.

  6. The Countermeasure Research of Circular Economy Development in Dong'e County%东阿县循环经济发展对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李培哲

    2012-01-01

    东阿县经济作为县域经济,在快速发展的同时,也存在着日益严重的资源与环境压力,发展县域循环经济成为必然选择.本文对东阿县发展循环经济的必要性及其发展现状作了阐述,并对东阿县进一步发展循环经济的对策措施进行了探讨.%Dong'e county economy as country economy is in the rapid development, but there are also increasingly serious resource and environmental pressure, so the development of circular economy has become the inevitable choice. The paper elaborates the necessity and development of Dong'e county circular economy, and discusses the countermeasure to further develop circular economy of Dong'e county.

  7. Documentiras y fricções. O lado escuro da lua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Lucía Vélez

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Opération Lune, documentário fake de William Karel, é o que se pode caracterizar como uma farsa sobre uma farsa. O documentário busca provar que a viagem dos americanos à Lua em 1969 (ou pelo menos a sua transmissão direta pela televisão foi uma mentira, mas ele próprio também é uma mentira. Em psicanálise, costuma-se dizer que quando alguém mente sobre uma mentira, acaba dizendo a verdade. A verdade que Karel formula é simples: não se pode crer em tudo o que a mídia diz ou mostra, pois há sempre inumeráveis maneiras de manipular a informação, editando as entrevistas reais, forjando falsas entrevistas, alterando ou renomeando materiais de arquivo, com falsas legendas ou dublagens sobre registros históricos, reinterpretando as imagens e os sons através da narração over, e assim por diante. O mock-documentary de Karel, sem abrir mão da dúvida sobre a veracidade das imagens da Lua, é também uma denúncia do modo de funcionamento do sistema midiático. Seu objetivo maior é refletir sobre o próprio documentário televisivo, através de uma apropriação dos códigos, modelos e discursos desse gênero audiovisual, seja para questionar sua objetividade e a veracidade que este supõe encerrar, seja para demonstrar ao espectador a facilidade com que se pode manipular a informação em televisão, ou ainda para propor uma utilização subversiva do documentário, como formato para a criação de um imaginativo trabalho de ficção, à maneira do War of the Worlds (1938, célebre programa radiofônico de Orson Welles. Palavras-chave: documentário; transmissão ao vivo; viagem à Lua; manipulação de informação; falsificação Abstract Documentalies and frictions. The dark side of the moon – Opération Lune, William Karel's fake documentary, is what can be called a farce about a farce. The documentary attempts to prove that the Americans' voyage to the Moon in 1969 (or at least its direct television transmission

  8. Transferências orbitais dentro do modelo quase bicircular no sistema Terra-Lua-Sol

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corrêa, A. A.; de Almeida Prado, A. F. B.; Stuchi, T. J.; Beaugé, C.

    2003-08-01

    O problema quase bicircular planar consiste na determinação da dinâmica de um corpo, de massa desprezível, que se move sob o campo gravitacional de três corpos. No caso estudado, o quarto corpo é considerado um satélite artificial e os demais são a Terra, a Lua e o Sol, formando o sistema de três corpos. Este modelo permite a construção de uma hamiltoniana similar a do problema restrito de três corpos (PRTC), incluindo termos periódicos não autônomos, provenientes da presença do Sol, portanto pode ser entendido como uma perturbação ao PRTC. Suas órbitas periódicas aparecem isoladas e possuem o mesmo período solar. Os pontos de equilíbrio colineares possuem o mesmo caráter de estabilidade linear dos pontos lagrangianos (L1, L2 e L3) do PRTC, sendo do tipo sela x centro x centro, instável na direção x e estáveis nas direções y e z. As órbitas periódicas tridimensionais ao redor do ponto colinear é chamada órbita Halo. O objetivo deste trabalho é determinar órbitas de transferências de baixo consumo de combustível para um veículo espacial partindo de uma órbita de estacionamento ao redor da Terra em direção a uma órbita Halo do ponto L1, situado entre a Terra e Lua. Esta tarefa pode ser transformada no problema de valor de contorno: dado um ponto inicial na órbita de estacionamento, um ponto final na órbita halo e o tempo de transferência, deseja-se obter a trajetória que liga estes dois pontos e que minimize os incrementos de velocidade do veículo. Essas transferências são realizadas baseadas no método de Lambert e analisadas de modo a fornecer um baixo consumo. Posteriormente, é feita uma comparação de consumo com as órbitas de transferência equivalentes do PRTC.

  9. Hereditary and histologic characteristics of the CF1/b cac mouse cataract model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kondo, Tomohiro; Nagai, Hiroaki; Kawashima, Takamune; Taniguchi, Yusuke; Koyabu, Nozomu; Takeshita, Ai; Kusakabe, Ken-Takeshi; Okada, Toshiya

    2014-10-01

    A substrain of mice originating from the CF1 strain (an outbred colony) reared at Osaka Prefecture University (CF1/b cac mice) develops cataracts beginning at 14 d old. Affected mice were fully viable and fertile and had developed cataracts by 22 d of age. The incidence of cataracts did not differ between male and female mice. Histologically, 14-wk-old CF1/b cac mice showed vacuolated lens epithelial cells, swollen lens fibers, many pyknotic nuclei, and vacuolation of the lens cortex. To elucidate the mode of inheritance, we analyzed heterozygous mutants hybrids generated from CF1/b cac and wildtype BALB/c mice and the offspring of the backcrossed heterozygous mutants. None of the heterozygous mutants was affected, but the ratio of affected to unaffected mice was 1:3 among the offspring of the heterozygous mutants. The initial genomewide screen of 20 affected backcrossed offspring (CF1/b cac × [CF1/b cac × BALB/c]) indicated that the mutant gene resides on chromosome 16. For further mapping, we used affected progeny of CF1/b cac × (CF1/b cac × MSM/Ms) mice. We concluded that the cataracts in CF1/b cac mice are inherited through an autosomal recessive mutation and that the mutant gene is located on mouse chromosome 16 between D16Mit5 and D16Mit92 and between D16Mit92 and D16Mit201. The mapping of the mutant gene of the CF1/b cac mice to mouse chromosome 16 provides the positional information necessary to identify the candidate gene responsible for the CF1/b cac phenotype.

  10. Relationship between cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) and coronary artery calcification (CAC) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mineoka, Yusuke; Fukui, Michiaki; Tanaka, Muhei; Tomiyasu, Ki-ichiro; Akabame, Satoshi; Nakano, Koji; Yamazaki, Masahiro; Hasegawa, Goji; Oda, Yohei; Nakamura, Naoto

    2012-03-01

    Early detection of atherosclerosis is important for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus because cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a main cause of death in these people. In this study, we investigated the relationship between an arterial stiffness parameter called cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) and coronary artery calcification (CAC). We performed a cross-sectional study in 371 type 2 diabetic patients with clinical suspicion of coronary heart disease (CHD). We evaluated the relationships between CAVI and CAC score determined by multislice computed tomography as well as major cardiovascular risk factors, including age, body mass index, hemoglobinA1c and the Framingham CHD risk score. CAVI was correlated with age (r = 0.301, p CAC + 1) (r = 0.303, p CAC >0, CAC >100, CAC >400, or CAC >1000. CAVI is positively correlated with CAC, and is considered to be a useful method to detect CAC.

  11. NOVEL MULTIMEDIA TRAFFIC MODELING BASED CAC SCHEME FOR CDMA COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Dandan; Fang Xuming; Zhu Longjie

    2007-01-01

    As the radio spectrum is a very scarce resource, the Call Admission Control (CAC) is one of the most important parts in radio resource management. The Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA)based next generation wireless communications systems will support the transmission of multimedia traffic, such as voice, video and data, thus the CAC, which can support the multimedia traffic and guarantee the Quality of Service (QoS) of different traffic, has gained broad attention. In this paper, a novel multimedia traffic modeling method and a corresponding dynamic QoS based CAC are proposed.The analysis and simulation results show that the proposed CAC scheme can guarantee the QoS to different traffic demand, and improve the system performance significantly.

  12. Laboratory Detection and Pure Rotational Spectrum of the CaC Radical (X3Σ-)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halfen, D. T.; Apponi, A. J.; Ziurys, L. M.

    2002-09-01

    The calcium carbide radical, CaC, has been observed in the laboratory for the first time using millimeter/submillimeter direct absorption spectroscopy. The species was created in the gas phase by the reaction of calcium vapor and methane under extreme DC discharge conditions. Eleven rotational transitions of CaC in its X3Σ- ground state were recorded in the frequency range 247-536 GHz. Each transition of CaC was found to consist of triplets due to fine-structure interactions that indicate that the ground state is 3Σ-, as opposed to 5Σ-, both of which have been suggested by theory. The data were analyzed in a Hund's case (b) basis, and rotational, spin-spin, and spin-rotation constants have been accurately determined. CaC may be detectable in circumstellar envelopes of asymptotic giant branch stars, in particular those that are carbon-rich.

  13. Common Aviation Command and Control System Increment 1 (CAC2S Inc 1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-01

    2016 Major Automated Information System Annual Report Common Aviation Command and Control System Increment 1 (CAC2S Inc 1) Defense Acquisition...BY - Base Year CAE - Component Acquisition Executive CDD - Capability Development Document CPD - Capability Production Document DAE - Defense...Command and Control System Increment 1 (CAC2S Inc 1) DoD Component Navy United States Marine Corps Responsible Office Program Manager References MAIS

  14. 网络嗅探器中Lua嵌入脚本的设计%The Embedded Lua Scripts' Design of Speciifc Protocols in Network Sniffer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏建美; 周仲礼; 包俊强; 徐彬

    2013-01-01

    Because network sniffer can analysis the protocol type used, IP address, source port of network packet, it is often used to detect the network’s working status, and rule out network failure. Network protocols being numerous,we adopt embedded Lua scripts to analysis protocol packet, in order to provide lfexible expansion capabilities for the program. This paper gives the brief concepts of network sniffer and Lua, and then focuses on key technologies in design of the Lua script embedded and detailed description on how to implement the functions;Finally, screenshots and text descriptions showed the functions of the embedded Lua scripts. Through the texts, it is easy to see that Lua script embedded module can effectively analysis the network packet using the special protocol described by the Lua scripts.%网路嗅探器能够分析出一段网络中数据包使用的协议、IP、源端口等内容,经常用来检测一段网络的运行状况,排除网络故障。网路协议纷繁众多,采用Lua嵌入脚本来解析协议数据包,能够使程序灵活的扩展。本文简要介绍了嗅探器和Lua的概念;然后着重阐述了Lua脚本嵌入方案关键技术,对如何实现系统功能给予详细的描述;最后展示了Lua嵌入脚本实现的功能。通过测试表明,Lua嵌入脚本模块能够有效的使用新编的嵌入协议脚本来解析相应数据包。

  15. Commercial Oil Discovery in Zhao Dong Block of Bohai Bay

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lin Rujin; Zhu Xiangdong

    1995-01-01

    @@ China National Oil and Gas Exploration and Development Corporation (CNODC) and XCL-China,Ltd.(XCL) signd the contract for petroleum exploration, development and Production on Zhao Dong Block in Bohai Bay shallow water sea area of P.R.C. on Feb. 10, 1993. The contract area is 197 square kilometers. XCLacts as the Operator for the petroleum operations within the contract area in accordance with the provisions of the contract. In Feb. 1994, XCL assigned one third of its share to Apache China Corporation, and Apache has become the partner of XCL since then. This contract is the first petroleum contract as well as the first cooperative project which gained commercial discovery after CNPC announced to expand the petroleum co-operation with foreign firms on China onshore.

  16. DESAIN JENDELA BANGUNAN DOMESTIK UNTUK MENCAPAI "COOLING VENTILATION" Kasus uji: rumah sederhana luas 45m2 di Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christina E. Mediastika

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available A two dimensional computational program was used to explore type, dimension, and number of windows in a 45 sqm domestic building to achieve cooling ventilation rates in 0 m/s outdoor windspeed. Prior to this, a manual calculation was constructed to limit and predict how the input for computational test would be. As in the manual test, the type of windows to be tested is jalousie (louvre and casement. Primary and secondary weather data was also prepared for input. Subject to change variable is dimension and number of windows. Both manual and computational test indicated that to provide cooling ventilation rates (30 ach in 0 m/s outdoor windspeed, the domestic building requires window area of approximately 50% floor area. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Desain jendela bangunan domestik untuk mencapai "cooling ventilation" (30 air change per hour (ach yang sangat dianjurkan bagi bangunan di daerah tropis lembab diuji pada studi ini. Pengujian dilakukan dengan sistem komputasi dua dimensi dan difokuskan pada kondisi kecepatan angin di seputar bangunan = 0m/det. Untuk memperkirakan model, dimensi dan jumlah jendela, sebelumnya telah dilakukan uji manual pada beberapa bangunan sejenis. Hasil uji manual yang telah dilengkapi dengan data-data primer dan sekunder mengenai suhu, kecepatan dan arah angin kemudian disusun sebagai input uji komputasi. Variabel yang senantiasa dirubah pada proses uji kali ini adalah dimensi dan jumlah jendela. Uji komputasi ini juga bertujuan untuk mem-validasi hasil uji manual tersebut. Kesimpulan yang dihasilkan tidak terlalu jauh berbeda dari kesimpulan pada uji manual, yaitu bahwa untuk memperoleh tingkat ventilasi cooling (30 ach diperlukan luas jendela sekitar 50% luas lantai.

  17. Effect of CaC2 particulates concentration on microstructure and tensile properties of elemental magnesium

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    CaC2 particulates reinforced magnesium materials were synthesized using a new technique--electromagnetic suspension casting(ESC).The microstructure and composition of magnesium alloys were investigated and the mechanical properties of alloys were tested.The tensile fracture surfaces were also studied by scanning electron microscopy.And the grain refinement effect of alloys was also examined.The results indicate that proper additions of CaC2 particulates are found to be efficient in refining the microstructure of magnesium materials.The tensile properties of alloys are consistent with the grain sizes.0.26%(mass fractionl of CaC2 addition reduces the mean grain size of pure magnesium from more than 2 mm to 125 μm,and the ultimate tensile strength of pure magnesium at room temperature decreases from 77 to 148 MPa.

  18. Regional water quality management for the Dong Nai River Basin, Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grayman, W M; Day, H J; Luken, R

    2003-01-01

    A three-year study that started solely as an industrial pollution reduction effort in Dong Nai Province of Vietnam expanded into an ongoing regional river basin water quality management effort. The project was a cooperative effort between the United Nations (UNDP and UNIDO) and the Federal and Provincial governments in Vietnam. A comprehensive approach was used to assess the impacts and strategies for reducing industrial, municipal and agricultural pollution to the water, air and land. The strategy was based upon use of knowledge in four subject areas, economics, ecology, technology and institutions, integrated within a framework for regional environmental quality management, sometimes called Areawide Environmental Quality Management (AEQM). Dong Nal Province encompasses a major developing area immediately north of Ho Chi Minh City. The land area chosen for the AEQM study is the 1,400 square kilometre region in and around Bien Hoa that drains into the Dong Nai River. The Dong Nai River serves many purposes including navigation, fisheries and a water supply for both the Province and Ho Chi Minh City. Extensive industrial and residential development was underway and was projected to increase in the coming decade. A strategy for the control of pollution from liquid, gaseous and solid wastes for the period 1998 to 2010 in Dong Nai Province was developed.

  19. Breaking with Precedent: Community-Based Development of a CAC Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gruba, Paul; Tapper, Joanna

    The Communication across the Curriculum (CAC) program at the University of Melbourne (Australia) was set up in a top-down manner, which was partly driven by outside pressures. Although informed by writing-across-the-curriculum theory and practice, the program reflects the university's original concern about the teaching of communication skills by…

  20. Formation of Nanofoam carbon and re-emergence of Superconductivity in compressed CaC6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yan-Ling; Luo, Wei; Chen, Xiao-Jia; Zeng, Zhi; Lin, Hai-Qing; Ahuja, Rajeev

    2013-11-26

    Pressure can tune material's electronic properties and control its quantum state, making some systems present disconnected superconducting region as observed in iron chalcogenides and heavy fermion CeCu2Si2. For CaC6 superconductor (Tc of 11.5 K), applying pressure first Tc increases and then suppresses and the superconductivity of this compound is eventually disappeared at about 18 GPa. Here, we report a theoretical finding of the re-emergence of superconductivity in heavily compressed CaC6. The predicted phase III (space group Pmmn) with formation of carbon nanofoam is found to be stable at wide pressure range with a Tc up to 14.7 K at 78 GPa. Diamond-like carbon structure is adhered to the phase IV (Cmcm) for compressed CaC6 after 126 GPa, which has bad metallic behavior, indicating again departure from superconductivity. Re-emerged superconductivity in compressed CaC6 paves a new way to design new-type superconductor by inserting metal into nanoporous host lattice.

  1. Identification of gene expression changes from colitis to CRC in the mouse CAC model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xin Li

    Full Text Available A connection between colorectal carcinogenesis and inflammation is well known, but the underlying molecular mechanisms have not been elucidated. Chemically induced colitis-associated cancer (CAC is an outstanding mouse model for studying the link between inflammation and cancer. Additionally, the CAC model is used for examining novel diagnostic, prognostic, and predictive markers for use in clinical practice. Here, a CAC model was established in less than 100 days using azoxymethane (AOM with dextran sulfate sodium salt (DSS in BALB/c mice. We examined the mRNA expression profiles of three groups: control untreated mice (K, DSS-induced chronic colitis mice (D, and AOM/DSS-induced CAC (AD mice. We identified 6301 differentially expressed genes (DEGs among the three groups, including 93 persistently upregulated genes and 139 persistently downregulated genes. Gene Ontology (GO and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG pathway analyses revealed that the most persistent DEGs were significantly enriched in metabolic or inflammatory components in the tumor microenvironment. Furthermore, several associated DEGs were identified as potential DEGs by protein-protein interaction (PPI network analysis. We selected 14 key genes from the DEGs and potential DEGs for further quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR verification. Six persistently upregulated, 3 persistently downregulated DEGs, and the other 3 genes showed results consistent with the microarray data. We demonstrated the regulation of 12 key genes specifically involved in Wnt signaling, cytokine and cytokine receptor interactions, homeostasis, and tumor-associated metabolism during colitis-associated CRC. Our results suggest that a close relationship between metabolic and inflammatory mediators of the tumor microenvironment is present in CAC.

  2. Identification of gene expression changes from colitis to CRC in the mouse CAC model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xin; Gao, Yuyan; Yang, Ming; Zhao, Qi; Wang, Guangyu; Yang, Yan Mei; Yang, Yue; Liu, Hui; Zhang, Yanqiao

    2014-01-01

    A connection between colorectal carcinogenesis and inflammation is well known, but the underlying molecular mechanisms have not been elucidated. Chemically induced colitis-associated cancer (CAC) is an outstanding mouse model for studying the link between inflammation and cancer. Additionally, the CAC model is used for examining novel diagnostic, prognostic, and predictive markers for use in clinical practice. Here, a CAC model was established in less than 100 days using azoxymethane (AOM) with dextran sulfate sodium salt (DSS) in BALB/c mice. We examined the mRNA expression profiles of three groups: control untreated mice (K), DSS-induced chronic colitis mice (D), and AOM/DSS-induced CAC (AD) mice. We identified 6301 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) among the three groups, including 93 persistently upregulated genes and 139 persistently downregulated genes. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analyses revealed that the most persistent DEGs were significantly enriched in metabolic or inflammatory components in the tumor microenvironment. Furthermore, several associated DEGs were identified as potential DEGs by protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis. We selected 14 key genes from the DEGs and potential DEGs for further quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) verification. Six persistently upregulated, 3 persistently downregulated DEGs, and the other 3 genes showed results consistent with the microarray data. We demonstrated the regulation of 12 key genes specifically involved in Wnt signaling, cytokine and cytokine receptor interactions, homeostasis, and tumor-associated metabolism during colitis-associated CRC. Our results suggest that a close relationship between metabolic and inflammatory mediators of the tumor microenvironment is present in CAC.

  3. Ankle-brachial index (ABI), abdominal aortic calcification (AAC), and coronary artery calcification (CAC): the Jackson heart study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tullos, Bobby W; Sung, Jung Hye; Lee, Jae Eun; Criqui, Michael H; Mitchell, Marc E; Taylor, Herman A

    2013-04-01

    To examine the associations of peripheral atherosclerosis, assessed by the ABI at baseline with the extent of AAC and with CAC measured by MDCT at follow-up examination in the Jackson Heart Study cohort. Four categories of ABI: 1.40. Presence of CAC/AAC was defined as scoring above the 75th percentile among participants with non-zero CT calcium scores. We conducted multivariable log-binomial models for this analysis examining the relationship between ABI and the presence of CAC or AAC using normal ABI (1.0 ≤ ABI ≤ 1.39) as the reference group. We estimated prevalence ratios adjusted for age, smoking, HTN, DM, BMI, LDL, HDL, CRP, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and use of lipid-lowering medication. There were 2,398 patients in this analysis (women: 65 %, average age 55 years). AAC scores were not significantly different between sex. CAC scores were significantly higher in males than females regardless of ABI groups. The prevalence of significant AAC was 1.7 times higher for ABI 1.40 compared to those with normal ABI. The prevalence of the significant CAC was higher for ABI CAC prevalence did not differ between subjects with ABI > 1.40 compared to those with normal ABI. Lower ABI was significantly associated with the extent of AAC and CAC in this cohort. ABI can provide clinicians with an inexpensive additional tool to assess vascular health and cardiovascular risk without exposing the patient to ionizing radiation.

  4. Lõuna-Korea õpetab ettevaatlikkust / Dong Hyeon ; intervjueerinud Ave-Lii Idavain

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hyeon, Dong

    2015-01-01

    Vestlus Lõuna-Korea Pusani riikliku ülikooli majandusprofessori ja Tartu Ülikooli külalisprofessori Dong Hyeon Jung'iga Lõuna-Korea majanduslikust ja poliitilisest olukorrast. Emeriitprofessor oli kaks kuud TTÜ külalisõppejõud

  5. Impact of The Protective Renin-Angiotensin System (RAS) on The Vasoreparative Function of CD34+ CACs in Diabetic Retinopathy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duan, Yaqian; Moldovan, Leni; Miller, Rehae C.; Beli, Eleni; Salazar, Tatiana; Hazra, Sugata; Al-Sabah, Jude; Chalam, KV; Raghunandan, Sneha; Vyas, Ruchi; Parsons-Wingerter, Patricia; Oudit, Gavin Y.; Grant, Maria B.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: In diabetes, the impaired vasoreparative function of Circulating Angiogenic Cells (CACs) is believed to contribute to the progression of diabetic retinopathy (DR). Accumulating evidence suggests that the protective arm of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) ACE2 Angiotensin-(1-7) Mas plays an important role in restoring the function of diabetic CACs. We examined the protective RAS in CACs in diabetic individuals with different stages of retinopathy. Methods: Study subjects (n43) were recruited as controls or diabetics with either no DR, mild non-proliferative DR (NPDR), moderate NPDR, severe NPDR or proliferative DR (PDR). Fundus photography and fluorescein angiograms were analyzed using Vessel Generation Analysis (VESGEN) software in a cohort of subjects. CD34+ CACs were isolated from peripheral blood of diabetics and control subjects. RAS gene expressions in CACs were measured by qPCR. The vasoreparative function of CACs was assessed by migration ability toward CXCL12 using the QCM 5M 96-well chemotaxis cell migration assay. Results: ACE2 gene is a key enzyme converting the deleterious Angiotensin II to the beneficial Angiotensin-(1-7). ACE2 expression in CACs from diabetic subjects without DR was increased compared to controls, suggestive of compensation (p0.0437). The expression of Mas (Angiotensin-(1-7) receptor) in CACs was also increased in diabetics without DR, while was reduced in NPDR compared to controls (p0.0002), indicating a possible loss of compensation of the protective RAS at this stage of DR. The presence of even mild NPDR was associated with CD34+ CAC migratory dysfunction. When pretreating CACs of DR subjects with Angiotensin-(1-7), migratory ability to a chemoattractant CXCL12 was restored (p0.0008). By VESGEN analysis, an increase in small vessel density was observed in NPDR subjects when compared with the controls. Conclusions: These data suggest the protective RAS axis within diabetic CACs may help maintain their vasoreparative potential

  6. Application of DNA fingerprinting with digoxigenated oligonucleotide probe (CAC)5 to analysis of the genetic variation within Taenia taeniaeformis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okamoto, M; Ueda, H; Hayashi, M; Oku, Y; Kurosawa, T; Kamiya, M

    1995-04-01

    DNA from T. taeniaeformis digested with the restriction endonuclease was hybridized with digoxigenated oligonucleotide probe (CAC)5. Metacestode and adult showed same clear multibanding patterns, which were characteristic of multilocus DNA fingerprinting. The fingerprinting patterns were quite different from those of the rodent hosts. Genetic variations in 4 laboratory-reared isolates of T. taeniaeformis, including 3 isolates which have been reported to be indistinguishable by infectivity, morphology and protein composition of metacestode, were investigated using this technique. Each of the 4 isolates exhibited isolate-specific fingerprinting patterns and were easily distinguished from one another, thus it was considered that (CAC)5 was a highly resolvable and informative probe for cestodes. However, it was also indicated that (CAC)5 was so sensitive that applying fingerprinting with (CAC)5 to taxonomical or phylogenetic analysis was limited where habitat of the host was restricted to the small area. In comparison to fingerprinting with 32P-labeled (CAC)5, fingerprinting with digoxigenated (CAC)5 represented more and sharper bands. It was considered that a digoxigenated probe was more useful for genetic analysis of cestodes.

  7. Structural behavior of the acetylide carbides Li2C2 and CaC2 at high pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nylén, Johanna; Konar, Sumit; Lazor, Peter; Benson, Daryn; Häussermann, Ulrich

    2012-12-01

    The effects of high pressure (up to 30 GPa) on the structural properties of lithium and calcium carbide, Li2C2 and CaC2, were studied at room temperature by Raman spectroscopy in a diamond anvil cell. Both carbides consist of C2 dumbbells which are coordinated by metal atoms. At standard pressure and temperature two forms of CaC2 co-exist. Monoclinic CaC2-II is not stable at pressures above 2 GPa and tetragonal CaC2-I possibly undergoes a minor structural change between 10 and 12 GPa. Orthorhombic Li2C2 transforms to a new structure type at around 15 GPa. At pressures above 18 GPa (CaC2) and 25 GPa (Li2C2) Raman spectra become featureless, and remain featureless upon decompression which suggests an irreversible amorphization of the acetylide carbides. First principles calculations were used to analyze the pressure dependence of Raman mode frequencies and structural stability of Li2C2 and CaC2. A structure model for the high pressure phase of Li2C2 was searched by applying an evolutionary algorithm.

  8. A Clinical Study on the Effects of Dong-Qi Acupuncture Treatment for Patents with low back pain and sciatica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee Kwang-Ho

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective : The purpose of this study is to observe the effects of Dong-Qi acupuncture treatment for the patients with low back pain and sciatica. Methods : 60 patients were divided into two, Group A of 30 persons and Group B of 30 persons. Only Group A was treated with Dong-Qi acupuncture treatment, Group B was treated with just Dong-Si acupuncture treatment. Results : In VAS, Group A is 6.57±1.91 and Group B is 5.20±2.22(P=0.013. In Improvement index, Group A is 0.2295±0.1036 and Group B is 0.1545±0.0895 (P=0.004. Conclusion : We knew that Dong-Qi acupuncture treatment is more effective.

  9. Stratigraphic architecture and forcing processes of the late Neogene Miradouro da Lua sedimentary prism, Cuanza Basin, Angola

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cauxeiro, C.; Durand, J.; Lopez, M.

    2014-07-01

    The Miradouro da Lua cliffs, which are 60 km south of Luanda, record the building and uplift of the late Neogene Palaeo-Cuanza delta. The detailed study of the sedimentary architecture and stacking pattern permitted separation of the pile into five depositional units bounded by erosional surfaces and characterised by separate facies associations (genetic sequences = units in this paper). At the base of the series, aeolian deposits (Unit 1) mark the development of a possible coastal desert during the late Miocene aridification. The major Pliocene sea-level rise (Transgressive Systems Tract) led to the drowning of the continental platform into a discrete shoreface-foreshore sequence (Unit 2), followed by an expanded deltaic sequence (Unit 3) that represents the main outcrop of the area. The sedimentary fabric of this prograding wedge during the Highstand Systems Tract reveals laterally stacked pluri-hectometic mouth bars built by the abrupt switching of a bird-foot delta during the Pliocene highstand. The clinoforms are deeply incised by submarine gullies filled both by periodic river-driven turbidite and tidal currents (Unit 4) during the coeval growing of the delta. The topset of the prograding wedge and associated gullies infill is truncated by an overall erosional unconformity that marks the widespread development of an extensive braid-delta system (Unit 5) during the lower Pleistocene sea-level drop (Lowstand Systems Tract). The last 6 m of the Braid-delta unit is overprinted by a ferallitic profile, forming the surface of the plateau and indicating long-term subaerial exposure and weathering processes consistent with the maximum warming of the middle to late Pleistocene interglacial periods. The successive abrupt shifts of the depositional systems through the sedimentary pile indicate a high-amplitude sea level amplified by major coastal uplifts and the reorganisation of the fluvial network. In this context, the palaeo-Cuanza prograding wedge signals the

  10. Source identification and mass balance studies of mercury in Lake An-dong, S. Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, J.; Byeon, M.; Yoon, J.; Park, J.; Lee, M.; Huh, I.; Na, E.; Chung, D.; Shin, S.; Kim, Y.

    2009-12-01

    In this study, mercury and methylmercury were measured in atmospheric, tributary, open-lake water column, sediment, planktons and fish samples in the catchments area of Lake An-dong, S. Korea. Lake An-dong, an artificial freshwater lake is located on the upstream of River Nak-dong. It has 51.5 km2 of open surface water and 1.33 year of hydraulic residence time. It is a source of drinking water for 0.3 million S. Koreans. Recently, the possibilities of its mercury contamination became an issue since current studies showed that the lake had much higher mercury level in sediment and certain freshwater fish species than any other lakes in S. Korea. This catchments area has the possibilities of historical mercury pollution by the location of more than 50 abandoned gold mines and Young-poong zinc smelter. The objective of this study was to develop a mercury mass balance and identify possible mercury sources in the lake. The results of this study are thus expected to offer valuable insights for the sources of mercury loading through the watershed. In order to estimate the mercury flux, TGM, RGM and particulate mercury were measured using TEKRAN 2537 at the five sites surrounding Lake An-dong from May, 2009 with wet and dry deposition. The fate and transport of mercury in water body were predicted by using EFDC (Environmental Dynamic Fluid Code) and Mercury module in WASP7 (Water quality analysis program) after subsequent distribution into water body, sediments, followed by bioaccumulation and ultimate uptake by humans. The mercury mass balance in Young-poong zinc smelter was also pre-estimated by measuring mercury content in zinc ores, emission gases, sludge, wastewater and products.

  11. Suspected primary immune deficiency in a Donge de Bordeaux dog : short communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.G. Lobetti

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available A young Donge de Bordeaux dog was presented with chronic intermittent antibiotic responsive gastrointestinal and respiratory disease. Further evaluation showed bacterial lymphadenitis, bacterial tracheitis, normal white cell and differential cell counts, hypogammaglobulinaemia, and the absence of B-lymphocytes but the presence of T-lymphocytes in the lymphoid tissue stained with lymphocyte markers. As the dog came from a narrow genetic base, with related dogs showing similar clinical signs, possible B-cell congenital immune deficiency was suspected.

  12. Surveillance of dengue and chikungunya infection in Dong Thap, Vietnam:A 13-month study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pham Thi Kim Lien; Phan Thi Nga; Laurence Briant; Truong Ba Tang; Bui Minh Trang; Laurent Gavotte; Emmanuel Cornillot; Vu Trong Duoc; Tran Nhu Duong; Roger Frutos

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To establish a surveillance in Dong Thap, at the border with Cambodia by assessing the presence of DENV serotypes and CHIKV among patients hospitalized at Dong Thap general hospital. Methods: Cross-sectional descriptive analysis was conducted on a cohort of 131 patients hospitalized with acute fever and symptoms compatible with dengue or chikungunya. The study was conducted from January 2012 to February 2013. The full clinical picture was established as well as serological and molecular detection. Serological analysis was sequentially performed on blood samples collected on admission and an average of seven days after admission. The detection of IgM antibody to DENV was performed by IgM capture ELISA and the detection of DENV and CHIKV RNA was done by reverse-transcription multiplex PCR. Results: 101 patients out of 131 (77%) were confirmed with dengue. All four dengue serotypes were detected with a predominance of DENV2 and DENV4. No chikungunya infection was detected although reported in neighboring Cambodia. A differential efficiency of serological dengue detection was observed. Efficiency was 29% upon admission and 53% after seven days on the same patients. 30 patients out of 131 (23%) were negative with both DENV and CHIKV. Conclusions: Dengue is at risk of being underestimated and chikungunya is not systematically detected. Changes in detection and surveillance procedures are therefore discussed to increase efficiency of dengue detection and continue the monitoring the emergence of CHIKV in Dong Thap province and in Vietnam.

  13. Targeted deletion of Kif18a protects from colitis-associated colorectal (CAC) tumors in mice through impairing Akt phosphorylation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhu, Houbao [State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics, Research Center for Experimental Medicine, Rui-Jin Hospital and Department of Medical Genetics, E-Institutes of Shanghai Universities, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine (SJTUSM), Shanghai 200025 (China); Xu, Wangyang [Department of Clinical Laboratories, Ninth People’s Hospital, SJTUSM, Shanghai 200011 (China); Zhang, Hongxin [State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics, Research Center for Experimental Medicine, Rui-Jin Hospital and Department of Medical Genetics, E-Institutes of Shanghai Universities, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine (SJTUSM), Shanghai 200025 (China); Liu, Jianbing [State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics, Research Center for Experimental Medicine, Rui-Jin Hospital and Department of Medical Genetics, E-Institutes of Shanghai Universities, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine (SJTUSM), Shanghai 200025 (China); Shanghai Research Center for Model Organisms, Shanghai 201203 (China); Xu, Haimin [Department of Pathology, Rui-Jin Hospital, SJTUSM, Shanghai 200025 (China); Lu, Shunyuan; Dang, Suying [State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics, Research Center for Experimental Medicine, Rui-Jin Hospital and Department of Medical Genetics, E-Institutes of Shanghai Universities, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine (SJTUSM), Shanghai 200025 (China); Kuang, Ying [Shanghai Research Center for Model Organisms, Shanghai 201203 (China); Jin, Xiaolong [Department of Pathology, Rui-Jin Hospital, SJTUSM, Shanghai 200025 (China); Wang, Zhugang, E-mail: zhugangw@shsmu.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics, Research Center for Experimental Medicine, Rui-Jin Hospital and Department of Medical Genetics, E-Institutes of Shanghai Universities, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine (SJTUSM), Shanghai 200025 (China); Shanghai Research Center for Model Organisms, Shanghai 201203 (China)

    2013-08-16

    Highlights: •Kif18A is up-regulated in CAC of mouse model. •Kif18a{sup −/−} mice are protected from CAC. •Tumor cells from Kif18a{sup −/−} mice undergo more apoptosis. •Kif18A deficiency induces poor Atk phosphorylation. -- Abstract: Kinesins are a superfamily of molecular motors involved in cell division or intracellular transport. They are becoming important targets for chemotherapeutic intervention of cancer due to their crucial role in mitosis. Here, we demonstrate that the kinesin-8 Kif18a is overexpressed in murine CAC and is a crucial promoter during early CAC carcinogenesis. Kif18a-deficient mice are evidently protected from AOM–DSS-induced colon carcinogenesis. Kif18A is responsible for proliferation of colonic tumor cells, while Kif18a ablation in mice promotes cell apoptosis. Mechanistically, Kif18a is responsible for induction of Akt phosphorylation, which is known to be associated with cell survival regulation. In conclusion, Kif18a is critical for colorectal carcinogenesis in the setting of inflammation by mechanisms of increased PI3K-AKT signaling. Inhibition of Kif18A activity may be useful in the prevention or chemotherapeutic intervention of CAC.

  14. Targeted deletion of Kif18a protects from colitis-associated colorectal (CAC) tumors in mice through impairing Akt phosphorylation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Houbao; Xu, Wangyang; Zhang, Hongxin; Liu, Jianbing; Xu, Haimin; Lu, Shunyuan; Dang, Suying; Kuang, Ying; Jin, Xiaolong; Wang, Zhugang

    2013-08-16

    Kinesins are a superfamily of molecular motors involved in cell division or intracellular transport. They are becoming important targets for chemotherapeutic intervention of cancer due to their crucial role in mitosis. Here, we demonstrate that the kinesin-8 Kif18a is overexpressed in murine CAC and is a crucial promoter during early CAC carcinogenesis. Kif18a-deficient mice are evidently protected from AOM-DSS-induced colon carcinogenesis. Kif18A is responsible for proliferation of colonic tumor cells, while Kif18a ablation in mice promotes cell apoptosis. Mechanistically, Kif18a is responsible for induction of Akt phosphorylation, which is known to be associated with cell survival regulation. In conclusion, Kif18a is critical for colorectal carcinogenesis in the setting of inflammation by mechanisms of increased PI3K-AKT signaling. Inhibition of Kif18A activity may be useful in the prevention or chemotherapeutic intervention of CAC.

  15. CDC28 phosphorylates Cac1p and regulates the association of chromatin assembly factor I with chromatin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeffery, Daniel C B; Kakusho, Naoko; You, Zhiying; Gharib, Marlene; Wyse, Brandon; Drury, Erin; Weinreich, Michael; Thibault, Pierre; Verreault, Alain; Masai, Hisao; Yankulov, Krassimir

    2015-01-01

    Chromatin Assembly Factor I (CAF-I) plays a key role in the replication-coupled assembly of nucleosomes. It is expected that its function is linked to the regulation of the cell cycle, but little detail is available. Current models suggest that CAF-I is recruited to replication forks and to chromatin via an interaction between its Cac1p subunit and the replication sliding clamp, PCNA, and that this interaction is stimulated by the kinase CDC7. Here we show that another kinase, CDC28, phosphorylates Cac1p on serines 94 and 515 in early S phase and regulates its association with chromatin, but not its association with PCNA. Mutations in the Cac1p-phosphorylation sites of CDC28 but not of CDC7 substantially reduce the in vivo phosphorylation of Cac1p. However, mutations in the putative CDC7 target sites on Cac1p reduce its stability. The association of CAF-I with chromatin is impaired in a cdc28-1 mutant and to a lesser extent in a cdc7-1 mutant. In addition, mutations in the Cac1p-phosphorylation sites by both CDC28 and CDC7 reduce gene silencing at the telomeres. We propose that this phosphorylation represents a regulatory step in the recruitment of CAF-I to chromatin in early S phase that is distinct from the association of CAF-I with PCNA. Hence, we implicate CDC28 in the regulation of chromatin reassembly during DNA replication. These findings provide novel mechanistic insights on the links between cell-cycle regulation, DNA replication and chromatin reassembly.

  16. CDC28 phosphorylates Cac1p and regulates the association of chromatin assembly factor i with chromatin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeffery, Daniel CB; Kakusho, Naoko; You, Zhiying; Gharib, Marlene; Wyse, Brandon; Drury, Erin; Weinreich, Michael; Thibault, Pierre; Verreault, Alain; Masai, Hisao; Yankulov, Krassimir

    2015-01-01

    Chromatin Assembly Factor I (CAF-I) plays a key role in the replication-coupled assembly of nucleosomes. It is expected that its function is linked to the regulation of the cell cycle, but little detail is available. Current models suggest that CAF-I is recruited to replication forks and to chromatin via an interaction between its Cac1p subunit and the replication sliding clamp, PCNA, and that this interaction is stimulated by the kinase CDC7. Here we show that another kinase, CDC28, phosphorylates Cac1p on serines 94 and 515 in early S phase and regulates its association with chromatin, but not its association with PCNA. Mutations in the Cac1p-phosphorylation sites of CDC28 but not of CDC7 substantially reduce the in vivo phosphorylation of Cac1p. However, mutations in the putative CDC7 target sites on Cac1p reduce its stability. The association of CAF-I with chromatin is impaired in a cdc28–1 mutant and to a lesser extent in a cdc7–1 mutant. In addition, mutations in the Cac1p-phosphorylation sites by both CDC28 and CDC7 reduce gene silencing at the telomeres. We propose that this phosphorylation represents a regulatory step in the recruitment of CAF-I to chromatin in early S phase that is distinct from the association of CAF-I with PCNA. Hence, we implicate CDC28 in the regulation of chromatin reassembly during DNA replication. These findings provide novel mechanistic insights on the links between cell-cycle regulation, DNA replication and chromatin reassembly. PMID:25602519

  17. Analisa Performansi Algoritma Admission CAC Dan Lucent Pada Berbagai Karakteristik Trafik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tora Fahrudin

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Jaringan Metro Ethernet umumnya didefinisikan sebagai bridge dari suatu jaringan atau menghubungkan wilayah yang terpisah bisa juga menghubungkan LAN dengan WAN atau backbone network yang umumnya dimiliki oleh service provider. Admission control adalah suatu mekanisme yang mencegah jaringan mengalami over-loaded. Jika QoS yang diminta tidak dapat disediakan, maka jaringan tidak akan mengirimkan tanda ke aplikasi untuk memulai mengirimkan data. Jika aplikasi telah memulai pengiriman data, maka sumber daya pada jaringan yang sudah dipesan aplikasi tersebut akan terus dikelola secara end-to-end sampai aplikasi tersebut selesai.  Didalam penelitian ini akan di lihat pengaruh Algoritma Lucent dan CAC pada Router Cisco yang di implementasikan dengan simulasi OPNET 14.0. Akan dilihat performansi dari 2 buah alogoritma tersebut, dengan karakteristik Distribusi trafik yang berbeda beda untuk 3 layanan, voice, video dan data.

  18. On the source of stochastic volatility: Evidence from CAC40 index options during the subprime crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slim, Skander

    2016-12-01

    This paper investigates the performance of time-changed Lévy processes with distinct sources of return volatility variation for modeling cross-sectional option prices on the CAC40 index during the subprime crisis. Specifically, we propose a multi-factor stochastic volatility model: one factor captures the diffusion component dynamics and two factors capture positive and negative jump variations. In-sample and out-of-sample tests show that our full-fledged model significantly outperforms nested lower-dimensional specifications. We find that all three sources of return volatility variation, with different persistence, are needed to properly account for market pricing dynamics across moneyness, maturity and volatility level. Besides, the model estimation reveals negative risk premium for both diffusive volatility and downward jump intensity whereas a positive risk premium is found to be attributed to upward jump intensity.

  19. First-Principles Prediction of High-Pressure Phase of CaC6

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Yan; ZHANG Li-Jun; GUI Tian; LIU Yan-Hui; MA Yan-Ming; ZOU Guang-Tian

    2007-01-01

    The lattice dynamics of rhombohedral CaCe is studied as a function of pressure to probe its high pressure phase with low superconducting transition temperature using the density functional liner-response theory. The pressure-induced phase transition in CaC6 is attributable to the softening transverse acoustic (TA) phonon mode at the zone boundary X (0.5, 0.0, 0.5) point. The high pressure phase is then explored by performing fully structural optimization in the supercell which accommodates the atomic displacements corresponding to the eigenvectors of the unstable mode of TA(X). The high-pressure phase is predicted to be a monoclinic unit cell with space group P21/m.

  20. Charge density waves in the graphene sheets of the superconductor CaC(6).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahnejat, K C; Howard, C A; Shuttleworth, N E; Schofield, S R; Iwaya, K; Hirjibehedin, C F; Renner, Ch; Aeppli, G; Ellerby, M

    2011-11-29

    Graphitic systems have an electronic structure that can be readily manipulated through electrostatic or chemical doping, resulting in a rich variety of electronic ground states. Here we report the first observation and characterization of electronic stripes in the highly electron-doped graphitic superconductor, CaC(6), by scanning tunnelling microscopy and spectroscopy. The stripes correspond to a charge density wave with a period three times that of the Ca superlattice. Although the positions of the Ca intercalants are modulated, no displacements of the carbon lattice are detected, indicating that the graphene sheets host the ideal charge density wave. This provides an exceptionally simple material-graphene-as a starting point for understanding the relation between stripes and superconductivity. Furthermore, our experiments suggest a strategy to search for superconductivity in graphene, namely in the vicinity of striped 'Wigner crystal' phases, where some of the electrons crystallize to form a superlattice.

  1. SVM-Based CAC System for B-Mode Kidney Ultrasound Images.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subramanya, M B; Kumar, Vinod; Mukherjee, Shaktidev; Saini, Manju

    2015-08-01

    The present study proposes a computer-aided classification (CAC) system for three kidney classes, viz. normal, medical renal disease (MRD) and cyst using B-mode ultrasound images. Thirty-five B-mode kidney ultrasound images consisting of 11 normal images, 8 MRD images and 16 cyst images have been used. Regions of interest (ROIs) have been marked by the radiologist from the parenchyma region of the kidney in case of normal and MRD cases and from regions inside lesions for cyst cases. To evaluate the contribution of texture features extracted from de-speckled images for the classification task, original images have been pre-processed by eight de-speckling methods. Six categories of texture features are extracted. One-against-one multi-class support vector machine (SVM) classifier has been used for the present work. Based on overall classification accuracy (OCA), features from ROIs of original images are concatenated with the features from ROIs of pre-processed images. On the basis of OCA, few feature sets are considered for feature selection. Differential evolution feature selection (DEFS) has been used to select optimal features for the classification task. DEFS process is repeated 30 times to obtain 30 subsets. Run-length matrix features from ROIs of images pre-processed by Lee's sigma concatenated with that of enhanced Lee method have resulted in an average accuracy (in %) and standard deviation of 86.3 ± 1.6. The results obtained in the study indicate that the performance of the proposed CAC system is promising, and it can be used by the radiologists in routine clinical practice for the classification of renal diseases.

  2. The Cac1 subunit of histone chaperone CAF-1 organizes CAF-1-H3/H4 architecture and tetramerizes histones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Wallace H; Roemer, Sarah C; Zhou, Yeyun; Shen, Zih-Jie; Dennehey, Briana K; Balsbaugh, Jeremy L; Liddle, Jennifer C; Nemkov, Travis; Ahn, Natalie G; Hansen, Kirk C; Tyler, Jessica K; Churchill, Mair EA

    2016-01-01

    The histone chaperone Chromatin Assembly Factor 1 (CAF-1) deposits tetrameric (H3/H4)2 histones onto newly-synthesized DNA during DNA replication. To understand the mechanism of the tri-subunit CAF-1 complex in this process, we investigated the protein-protein interactions within the CAF-1-H3/H4 architecture using biophysical and biochemical approaches. Hydrogen/deuterium exchange and chemical cross-linking coupled to mass spectrometry reveal interactions that are essential for CAF-1 function in budding yeast, and importantly indicate that the Cac1 subunit functions as a scaffold within the CAF-1-H3/H4 complex. Cac1 alone not only binds H3/H4 with high affinity, but also promotes histone tetramerization independent of the other subunits. Moreover, we identify a minimal region in the C-terminus of Cac1, including the structured winged helix domain and glutamate/aspartate-rich domain, which is sufficient to induce (H3/H4)2 tetramerization. These findings reveal a key role of Cac1 in histone tetramerization, providing a new model for CAF-1-H3/H4 architecture and function during eukaryotic replication. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.18023.001 PMID:27690308

  3. Generation and replication-dependent dilution of 5fC and 5caC during mouse preimplantation development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Azusa Inoue; Li Shen; Qing Dai; Chuan He; Yi Zhang

    2011-01-01

    One of the recent advances in the epigenetic field is the demonstration that the Tet family of proteins are capable of catalyzing conversion of 5-methylcytosine (5mC) of DNA to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC).Interestingly,recent studies have shown that 5hmC can be further oxidized by Tet proteins to generate 5-formyicytosine (5fC) and 5-carboxylcytosine (5caC),which can be removed by thymine DNA glycosylase (TDG).To determine whether Tetcatalyzed conversion of 5mC to 5fC and 5caC occurs in vivo in zygotes,we generated antibodies specific for 5fC and 5caC.By immunostaining,we demonstrate that loss of 5mC in the paternal pronucleus is concurrent with the appearance of 5fC and 5caC,similar to that of 5hmC.Importantly,instead of being quickly removed through an enzyme-catalyzed process,both 5fC and 5caC exhibit replication-dependent dilution during mouse preimplantation development.These results not only demonstrate the conversion of 5mC to 5fC and 5caC in zygotes,but also indicate that both 5fC and 5caC are relatively stable and may be functional during preimplantation development.Together with previous studies,our study suggests that Tet-catalyzed conversion of 5mC to 5hmC/5fC/5caC followed by replication-dependent dilution accounts for paternal DNA demethylation during preimplantation development.

  4. 水泥沥青混凝土CAC-20C路用性能研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李延盛[1; 蔡乾东[2; 梁慧[2

    2015-01-01

    水泥沥青混凝土(Cement asphalt concrete pavement,CAC)是在空隙率15%-20%左右的"骨架-空隙"母体沥青混合料结构中,灌注掺有适量外加剂的聚合物水泥乳浆,经适当时间养生硬化而形成的新型路面材料。本文采用体积法设计大孔隙、开级配沥青混合料作为"骨架-空隙"母体沥青混合料CAC-20C,通过调整水、水泥及水泥沥青外加剂CACa的配比组成较为适宜的水泥乳浆,将其灌注到母体沥青混合料成型的试件中,经养生形成水泥沥青混凝土CAC-20C。通过对养生3d后的水泥沥青混凝土CAC-20C和沥青混合料AC-20C进行高温稳定性、水稳定性及力学性能试验,分析水泥沥青混凝土CAC-20C的路用性能。试验结果表明,水泥沥青混凝土CAC-20C的高温稳定性、水稳定性及力学性能均优于改性沥青混合料AC-20C,路用性能显著。

  5. A connecter-like factor, CacA, links RssB/RpoS and the CpxR/CpxA two-component system in Salmonella

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kato Akinori

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Bacteria integrate numerous environmental stimuli when generating cellular responses. Increasing numbers of examples describe how one two-component system (TCS responds to signals detected by the sensor of another TCS. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this phenomenon remain poorly defined. Results Here, we report a connector-like factor that affects the activity of the CpxR/CpxA two-component system in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. We isolated a clone that induced the expression of a cpxP-lac gene fusion from a high-copy-number plasmid pool of random Salmonella genomic fragments. A 63-amino acid protein, CacA, was responsible for the CpxA/CpxR-dependent activation of the cpxP gene. The CpxR-activated genes cpxP and spy exhibited approximately 30% and 50% reductions in transcription, respectively, in a clean cacA deletion mutant strain in comparison to wild-type. From 33 response regulator (RR deletion mutants, we identified that the RssB regulator represses cacA transcription. Substitution mutations in a conserved -10 region harboring the RNA polymerase recognition sequence, which is well conserved with a known RpoS -10 region consensus sequence, rendered the cacA promoter RpoS-independent. The CacA-mediated induction of cpxP transcription was affected in a trxA deletion mutant, which encodes thioredoxin 1, suggesting a role for cysteine thiol-disulfide exchange(s in CacA-dependent Cpx activation. Conclusions We identified CacA as an activator of the CpxR/CpxA system in the plasmid clone. We propose that CacA may integrate the regulatory status of RssB/RpoS into the CpxR/CpxA system. Future investigations are necessary to thoroughly elucidate how CacA activates the CpxR/CpxA system.

  6. CACUL1/CAC1 Regulates the Antioxidant Response by Stabilizing Nrf2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kigoshi, Yu; Fukuda, Tomomi; Endo, Tomoyuki; Hayasaka, Nami; Iemura, Shun-ichiro; Natsume, Toru; Tsuruta, Fuminori; Chiba, Tomoki

    2015-01-01

    Nrf2 is the pre-dominant transcription activator responsible for coordinated up-regulation of ARE-driven antioxidant and detoxification genes. The activity of Nrf2 is tightly regulated at basal levels through its ubiquitination by Cul3-Keap1 and consequential degradation. Upon exposure to stress, the Cul3-Keap1 ligase is inhibited, leading to Nrf2 stabilization and activation. Here we describe CACUL1/CAC1 as a positive regulator of the Nrf2 pathway. We found that CACUL1 is up-regulated by Nrf2-activating oxidative stresses in cells and in mice. The association of CACUL1 with the Cul3-Keap1 complex led to a decrease in Nrf2 ubiquitination levels at non-stressed as well as stressed conditions, and sensitized cells for higher Nrf2 activation. Furthermore, CACUL1 knock-down led to a decrease in Nrf2 activity and cell viability under stress. Our results show that CACUL1 is a regulator of Nrf2 ubiquitination, adding another regulatory layer to the Nrf2 antioxidant stress response. PMID:26238671

  7. Študija literarnih likov v moderni korejski književnosti skozi izbrana dela Dong-in Kima

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Byoung Yoong KANG

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The article is a summary of a master’s thesis which deals with the characters in the literary works of Kim Dong-in (김동인 1900–1951, an important representative of modern Korean literature. In the twentieth century, new literary movements started to develop in Korea, introducing deviations from the established practices of writing, and the testing of new literary genres. It is within this context that the works of Kim Dong-in are to be classified and understood. The article discusses the three most important types of literary characters that appear in Kim Dong-in’s works. There are no strict boundaries between these types, as a character of one particular type may exhibit properties of another. It is however important to be aware that through such characters Kim Dong-in tries to express his own concepts and ideas about aesthetics and naturalism, and it is the emergence of such characters, previously unknown in Korean literature, that established him as a pioneer in this field.

  8. Some recommendations for a better vegetable production in Dong Anh peri-urban district, Hanoi City (in Vietnamese).

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Everaarts, A.P.; Nguyen Van Dung,; Pham Van Hoi,

    2006-01-01

    The paper presents several recommendations for a better vegetable production in Dong Anh district, Hanoi city: improving nursery production; specializing an area for vegetables so that soil is not yearly disturbed; encouraging the uses of environmentally friendly pesticides such as pyrethroid and bi

  9. Redefining the structure-activity relationships of 2,6-methano-3-benzazocines. 5. Opioid receptor binding properties of N-((4'-phenyl)-phenethyl) analogues of 8-CAC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    VanAlstine, Melissa A; Wentland, Mark P; Cohen, Dana J; Bidlack, Jean M

    2007-12-01

    A series of aryl-containing N-monosubstituted analogues of the lead compound 8-[N-((4'-phenyl)-phenethyl)]-carboxamidocyclazocine were synthesized and evaluated to probe a putative hydrophobic binding pocket of opioid receptors. Very high binding affinity to the mu opioid receptor was achieved though the N-(2-(4'-methoxybiphenyl-4-yl)ethyl) analogue of 8-CAC. High binding affinity to mu and very high binding affinity to kappa opioid receptors was observed for the N-(3-bromophenethyl) analogue of 8-CAC. High binding affinity to all three opioid receptors were observed for the N-(2-naphthylethyl) analogue of 8-CAC.

  10. Detecting Long-term Trend of Water Quality Indices of Dong-gang River, Taiwan Using Quantile Regression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, D.; Shiau, J.

    2013-12-01

    ABSTRACT BODY: Abstract Surface water quality is an essential issue in water-supply for human uses and sustaining healthy ecosystem of rivers. However, water quality of rivers is easily influenced by anthropogenic activities such as urban development and wastewater disposal. Long-term monitoring of water quality can assess whether water quality of rivers deteriorates or not. Taiwan is a population-dense area and heavily depends on surface water for domestic, industrial, and agricultural uses. Dong-gang River is one of major resources in southern Taiwan for agricultural requirements. The water-quality data of four monitoring stations of the Dong-gang River for the period of 2000-2012 are selected for trend analysis. The parameters used to characterize water quality of rivers include biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), dissolved oxygen (DO), suspended solids (SS), and ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N). These four water-quality parameters are integrated into an index called river pollution index (RPI) to indicate the pollution level of rivers. Although widely used non-parametric Mann-Kendall test and linear regression exhibit computational efficiency to identify trends of water-quality indices, limitations of such approaches include sensitive to outliers and estimations of conditional mean only. Quantile regression, capable of identifying changes over time of any percentile values, is employed in this study to detect long-term trend of water-quality indices for the Dong-gang River located in southern Taiwan. The results show that Dong-gang River 4 stations from 2000 to 2012 monthly long-term trends in water quality.To analyze s Dong-gang River long-term water quality trends and pollution characteristics. The results showed that the bridge measuring ammonia Long-dong, BOD5 measure in that station on a downward trend, DO, and SS is on the rise, River Pollution Index (RPI) on a downward trend. The results form Chau-Jhou station also ahowed simialar trends .more and more near the

  11. Analisis Klaster K-Means dari Data Luas Grup Sunspot dan Data Grup Sunspot Klasifikasi Mc.Intosh yang membangkitkan Flare Soft X-Ray dan H-alpha

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Jumaroh

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Analisis klaster merupakan teknik interpendensi yang mengelompokkan suatu objek berdasarkan kemiripan dan kedekatan jarak antar objek. Pengelompokan objek dengan jumlah banyak membutuhkan waktu yang lama. Salah satu analisis klaster yang dapat digunakan dalam situasi ini adalah analisis klaster non hierarki, yaitu K-means. Pada artikel ini mengelompokkan data luas grup sunspot dan data grup sunspot klasifikasi Mc.Intosh yang membangkitkan flare soft X-Ray dan Hα. Untuk mengetahui luas grup sunspot dan grup sunspot klasifikasi Mc.Intosh yang berpeluang membangkitkan flare soft X-Ray dan Hα dengan intensitas ledakan yang tinggi dan rendah. Berdasarkan hasil analisis, diperoleh dua klaster yaitu klaster pertama yang tergolong mampu membangkitkan flare Soft X-Ray dan Hα dengan intensitas yang tinggi. Sedangkan klaster kedua yang tergolong mampu membangkitkan flare Soft X-Ray dan Hα dengan intensitas yang rendah

  12. Structural basis underlying CAC RNA recognition by the RRM domain of dimeric RNA-binding protein RBPMS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teplova, Marianna; Farazi, Thalia A; Tuschl, Thomas; Patel, Dinshaw J

    2016-01-01

    RNA-binding protein with multiple splicing (designated RBPMS) is a higher vertebrate mRNA-binding protein containing a single RNA recognition motif (RRM). RBPMS has been shown to be involved in mRNA transport, localization and stability, with key roles in axon guidance, smooth muscle plasticity, as well as regulation of cancer cell proliferation and migration. We report on structure-function studies of the RRM domain of RBPMS bound to a CAC-containing single-stranded RNA. These results provide insights into potential topologies of complexes formed by the RBPMS RRM domain and the tandem CAC repeat binding sites as detected by photoactivatable-ribonucleoside-enhanced crosslinking and immunoprecipitation. These studies establish that the RRM domain of RBPMS forms a symmetrical dimer in the free state, with each monomer binding sequence-specifically to all three nucleotides of a CAC segment in the RNA bound state. Structure-guided mutations within the dimerization and RNA-binding interfaces of RBPMS RRM on RNA complex formation resulted in both disruption of dimerization and a decrease in RNA-binding affinity as observed by size exclusion chromatography and isothermal titration calorimetry. As anticipated from biochemical binding studies, over-expression of dimerization or RNA-binding mutants of Flag-HA-tagged RBPMS were no longer able to track with stress granules in HEK293 cells, thereby documenting the deleterious effects of such mutations in vivo.

  13. Cav2-type calcium channels encoded by cac regulate AP-independent neurotransmitter release at cholinergic synapses in adult Drosophila brain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Huaiyu; Jiang, Shaojuan Amy; Campusano, Jorge M; Iniguez, Jorge; Su, Hailing; Hoang, Andy An; Lavian, Monica; Sun, Xicui; O'Dowd, Diane K

    2009-01-01

    Voltage-gated calcium channels containing alpha1 subunits encoded by Ca(v)2 family genes are critical in regulating release of neurotransmitter at chemical synapses. In Drosophila, cac is the only Ca(v)2-type gene. Cacophony (CAC) channels are localized in motor neuron terminals where they have been shown to mediate evoked, but not AP-independent, release of glutamate at the larval neuromuscular junction (NMJ). Cultured embryonic neurons also express CAC channels, but there is no information about the properties of CAC-mediated currents in adult brain nor how these channels regulate transmission in central neural circuits where fast excitatory synaptic transmission is predominantly cholinergic. Here we report that wild-type neurons cultured from late stage pupal brains and antennal lobe projection neurons (PNs) examined in adult brains, express calcium currents with two components: a slow-inactivating current sensitive to the spider toxin Plectreurys toxin II (PLTXII) and a fast-inactivating PLTXII-resistant component. CAC channels are the major contributors to the slow-inactivating PLTXII-sensitive current based on selective reduction of this component in hypomorphic cac mutants (NT27 and TS3). Another characteristic of cac mutant neurons both in culture and in whole brain recordings is a reduced cholinergic miniature excitatory postsynaptic current frequency that is mimicked in wild-type neurons by acute application of PLTXII. These data demonstrate that cac encoded Ca(v)2-type calcium channels regulate action potential (AP)-independent release of neurotransmitter at excitatory cholinergic synapses in the adult brain, a function not predicted from studies at the larval NMJ.

  14. Photocatalytic degradation of an azo dye Sunset Yellow under UV-A light using TiO2/CAC composite catalysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajamanickam, D; Shanthi, M

    2014-07-15

    The photocatalytic activity and the promoting effect of titania (TiO2) by commercial activated carbon (CAC) for removing the pollutant in wastewater were investigated. The TiO2/CAC composite photocatalysts with various ratios of CAC to TiO2 were prepared by sol-gel method. The catalyst was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), high resolution scanning electron microscope (HR-SEM), energy dispersive spectra (EDS), diffuse reflectance spectra (DRS), photoluminescence spectra (PL), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area measurement methods. The photocatalytic activity of TiO2/CAC was investigated for the degradation of Sunset Yellow (SY) in aqueous solution using UV-A light. The TiO2/CAC is found to be more efficient than prepared TiO2 and TiO2-P25 at pH 7 for the mineralization of SY. The synergism between TiO2 and CAC may increase the catalytic activity. The effects of operational parameters such as the amount of photocatalyst, dye concentration and initial pH on photo mineralization of SY have been analyzed. The mineralization of SY has been confirmed by COD measurements. The catalyst is found to be reusable.

  15. Photocatalytic degradation of an azo dye Sunset Yellow under UV-A light using TiO2/CAC composite catalysts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajamanickam, D.; Shanthi, M.

    2014-07-01

    The photocatalytic activity and the promoting effect of titania (TiO2) by commercial activated carbon (CAC) for removing the pollutant in wastewater were investigated. The TiO2/CAC composite photocatalysts with various ratios of CAC to TiO2 were prepared by sol-gel method. The catalyst was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), high resolution scanning electron microscope (HR-SEM), energy dispersive spectra (EDS), diffuse reflectance spectra (DRS), photoluminescence spectra (PL), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area measurement methods. The photocatalytic activity of TiO2/CAC was investigated for the degradation of Sunset Yellow (SY) in aqueous solution using UV-A light. The TiO2/CAC is found to be more efficient than prepared TiO2 and TiO2-P25 at pH 7 for the mineralization of SY. The synergism between TiO2 and CAC may increase the catalytic activity. The effects of operational parameters such as the amount of photocatalyst, dye concentration and initial pH on photo mineralization of SY have been analyzed. The mineralization of SY has been confirmed by COD measurements. The catalyst is found to be reusable.

  16. The self-assemble of natural cyclodextrins in aqueous solutions: Application of miniature permeation studies for critical aggregation concentration (cac) determinations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saokham, Phennapha; Sá Couto, André; Ryzhakov, Alexey; Loftsson, Thorsteinn

    2016-05-30

    Permeation techniques can be applied to determine the critical aggregation concentration (cac) of natural cyclodextrins (CDs) in aqueous solutions although the method is both laborious and time consuming. In the present study, the permeation technique was modified and the influence of osmotic pressure, sampling time, CD concentration and molecular weight-cut off (MWCO) of the membrane were investigated in two different permeation units, that is Franz diffusion cells and Slide-A-Lyzer™ MINI Dialysis. While both the osmotic pressure and CD concentration affect the steady state flux in both permeation units, effects of sampling time and the MWCO of the mounted membrane were only observed in the Franz diffusion cells. The osmotic effect was negligible in the Slide-A-Lyzer™ MINI Dialysis units. The modified permeation technique using Slide-A-Lyzer™ MINI Dialysis units was then used to determine the cac of natural CDs in water. The cac of αCD, βCD and γCD was 1.19±0.17, 0.69±0.05 and 0.93±0.04% (w/v), respectively. The results indicated that the cac values depended on their intrinsic solubility. Moreover, the cac value of γCD in aqueous hydrocortisone/γCD inclusion complex solution was identical to the γCD cac value determined in pure water.

  17. Menaquinone-7 Supplementation to Reduce Vascular Calcification in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease: Rationale and Study Protocol (VitaK-CAC Trial).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vossen, Liv M; Schurgers, Leon J; van Varik, Bernard J; Kietselaer, Bas L J H; Vermeer, Cees; Meeder, Johannes G; Rahel, Braim M; van Cauteren, Yvonne J M; Hoffland, Ge A; Rennenberg, Roger J M W; Reesink, Koen D; de Leeuw, Peter W; Kroon, Abraham A

    2015-10-28

    Coronary artery calcification (CAC) develops early in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and is a strong and independent predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Arterial calcification is caused by an imbalance in calcification regulatory mechanisms. An important inhibitor of calcification is vitamin K-dependent matrix Gla protein (MGP). Both preclinical and clinical studies have shown that inhibition of the vitamin K-cycle by vitamin K antagonists (VKA) results in elevated uncarboxylated MGP (ucMGP) and subsequently in extensive arterial calcification. This led us to hypothesize that vitamin K supplementation may slow down the progression of calcification. To test this, we designed the VitaK-CAC trial which analyses effects of menaquinone-7 (MK-7) supplementation on progression of CAC. The trial is a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial including patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Patients with a baseline Agatston CAC-score between 50 and 400 will be randomized to an intervention-group (360 microgram MK-7) or a placebo group. Treatment duration will be 24 months. The primary endpoint is the difference in CAC-score progression between both groups. Secondary endpoints include changes in arterial structure and function, and associations with biomarkers. We hypothesize that treatment with MK-7 will slow down or arrest the progression of CAC and that this trial may lead to a treatment option for vascular calcification and subsequent CVD.

  18. On the Safeguarding of Dong Ka Lau from the Love Song in Northern Dong Language%从侗族北部方言区玩山歌看侗族大歌的保护

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨先明

    2012-01-01

    The real crisis of Dong Ka Lau is the impact of modern civilization which led to the loss of its living soil,confused various safeguarding measures do not solve the safeguarding problems.The traditional love song in Northern Dong Language create new form one by melted and absorbed Han cultural elements,and that shows us the new ideas to safeguard Dong Ka Lau.%侗族大歌面临的真正危机,是现代文明的冲击致使其失去了生存的土壤;多声部纷杂的保护措施,并没有解决侗族大歌的保护问题;侗族北部方言区传统情歌以我为主融摄汉文化元素而创造的玩山歌,向我们显示了侗族大歌保护的新思路。

  19. A remarkable new species of Coeliccia from the Tuyen Lam Lake area, Lam Dong, southern Vietnam (Odonata: Zygoptera: Platycnemididae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dow, Rory A

    2016-04-15

    Coeliccia suoitia sp. nov. (holotype ♂, from Suoi Tia, Tuyen Lam Lake, Da Lat, Lam Dong Province, Vietnam, deposited in RMNH) is described from males from southern Vietnam. It is a distinctive species that possess highly unusual characters in the thorax and anal appendages that make its ultimate generic placement questionable. Relationships between Coeliccia Kirby, Asthenocnemis Lieftinck and Indocnemis Laidlaw, and within Coeliccia, are briefly discussed.

  20. Effects of Hypobaric Storage on Physiological and Biochemical Changes in Postharvest Dong Jujube Fruit During Cold Storage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XUE Meng-lin; ZHANG Ping; ZHANG Ji-shu; WANG Li

    2003-01-01

    Effects of hypobaric storage on physiological and biochemical changes in Dong jujube fruit wereinvestigated. Hypobaric storage significantly delayed the decrease in firmness and maintained content of ascor-bic acid, reduced accumulation of ethanol and acetaldehyde in pulp and respiration, inhibited activities of as-corbic acid oxidase and alcohol dehydrogenase and slowed down the rate of ethylene production, but had littleeffect on flesh browning of the fruit.

  1. Lua Application in DC-motor driven Load Simulator Control System%Lua在电动负载模拟器控制系统中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪玲; 闫杰

    2011-01-01

    将脚本语言Lua解释器与负载模拟器的实时控制软件,以及控制系统设计仿真软件MATLAB/SIMULINK相结合,构建了功能强大,操作方便的控制系统设计与实验环境.能够在实现各种典型控制算法与负载模拟算法的基础上为各种新算法提供丰富的接口.实际使用表明,脚本语言的引入,增强了原有实验系统的功能,为负载模拟器控制系统中各种算法的实现提供了包括设计、仿真与验证的完整实验环境.%According to the characteristics of DC-motor driven load simulator experiments, script language Lua, real time control software for DC-motor driven load simulator and control system design and simulation tools MATLAB/SIMULINK are integrated to build a powerful, easy to use DC-motor driven load simulator experiment environment. Interfaces for new control strategy experiments are presented as well as implementation of several typical control algorithms and load simulation algorithms. Application shows original experiment system is expanded through the introduction of script language. A comprehensive experiment environment consisting of design, simulation, verification is provided for controller algorithm design.

  2. Dong Zhongshu’s Theory on Human Nature%董仲舒人性论探微

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂萌

    2013-01-01

    Dong Zhongshu’s theory on human nature, which has its internal theoretical structure, was put forward based on the thought of “telepathy between heaven and man” and has been applied in social, political and educational aspects. His theory on human nature such as “three grades of human nature” and “theory on temperament” undoubtedly occupies a certain position in the history of Confucianism. It is not only a kind of thought but also a theoretical tool to serve politics in the context of the unification of Han Dynasties, and that is why Confucian thoughts were thought highly of again as the main theory of orthodoxy.%董仲舒的人性论有其内在的理论结构,他的人性论是在天人感应的基础上提出来的,并渗透到社会政治、教育等各个方面,他的“性三品”“性情说”等人性论思想无疑在儒学历史上占有一定的地位。其人性论不单单是一种思想,更是在汉代大一统背景下为政治而服务的理论工具,是儒家思想重新被重视成为正统思想的主要理论原因。

  3. On the Melody Types between the North and the South Dong Folks%南北侗族民歌的旋律类型探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏金梅

    2014-01-01

    South and North Dong Minority , the two branches of Dong , have remarkable differences in the music style of folk songs . South Dong'folk song is mild and obscure while North Dong'folk song is lyric and straightforward . The formation of their differences is closely related to their melody types :the melody type of South Dong's folk song is mainly small wave while the melody type of North Dong's folk song is with ups and small wave ;though both South and North Dong's folk songs enjoy small wave type , there are differences in the music development mode of small wave type . The differences of melody types in South and North Dong's folk songs are connected with their own cultural ecology , i . e , the differences of South and North Dong area's ecological and cultural environment mold out the characteristics of South and North Dong's folk song which is reflected in their different melody types .%南、北侗族作为侗族旗下的两个分支,在民歌音乐风格方面差别显著:南侗民歌平和、含蓄,北侗民歌抒情、直白。这种差异的形成与二者的旋律类型存有紧密联系:南侗民歌的旋律类型仅以小波浪式为主,北侗民歌以跌宕式与小波浪式两种类型为主;南北侗族民歌虽都喜好小波浪式,但二者的小波浪式在音乐发展模式上也不同。而南、北侗族民歌旋律类型的差异正好与彼此所处的文化生态是相互耦合的,也即是说,南、北侗族地区生态文化环境的差异模塑出南北侗族民歌的特性,这一特性在其民歌的旋律类型中得以表现。

  4. Cross Layer QoS Support Architecture with Integrated CAC and Scheduling Algorithms for WiMAX BWA Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Chowdhury, Prasun; Sanyal, Salil K

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, a new technique for cross layer design, based on present Eb/N0 (bit energy per noise density) ratio of the connections and target values of the Quality of Service (QoS) information parameters from MAC layer, is proposed to dynamically select the Modulation and Coding Scheme (MCS) at the PHY layer for WiMAX Broadband Wireless Access (BWA) networks. The QoS information parameter includes New Connection Blocking Probability (NCBP), Hand off Connection Dropping Probability (HCDP) and Connection Outage Probability (COP). In addition, a Signal to Interference plus Noise Ratio (SINR) based Call Admission Control (CAC) algorithm and Queue based Scheduling algorithm are integrated for the cross layer design. An analytical model using the Continuous Time Markov Chain (CTMC) is developed for performance evaluation of the algorithms under various MCS. The effect of Eb/No is observed for QoS information parameters in order to determine its optimum range. Simulation results show that the integrated CAC and p...

  5. An indoxyl compound 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl 1,3-diacetate, CAC-0982, suppresses activation of Fyn kinase in mast cells and IgE-mediated allergic responses in mice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Jun Ho [Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, Chungju 380-701 (Korea, Republic of); College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul 136-701 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Tae Hyung [College of Pharmacy, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Hyuk Soon; Kim, A-Ram [Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, Chungju 380-701 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Do-Kyun [Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, Chungju 380-701 (Korea, Republic of); Laboratory of Allergic Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD (United States); Nam, Seung Taek; Kim, Hyun Woo; Park, Young Hwan; Her, Erk; Park, Yeong Min [Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, Chungju 380-701 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Hyung Sik [College of Pharmacy, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Young Mi [College of Pharmacy, Duksung Women' s University, Seoul 132-714 (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Wahn Soo, E-mail: wahnchoi@kku.ac.kr [Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, Chungju 380-701 (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-06-15

    Mast cells, constituents of virtually all organs and tissues, are critical cells in IgE-mediated allergic responses. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect and mechanism of an indoxyl chromogenic compound, 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl 1,3-diacetate, CAC-0982, on IgE-mediated mast cell activation and allergic responses in mice. CAC-0982 reversibly suppressed antigen-stimulated degranulation in murine mast cells (IC{sub 50}, ~ 3.8 μM) and human mast cells (IC{sub 50}, ~ 3.0 μM). CAC-0982 also inhibited the expression and secretion of IL-4 and TNF-α in mast cells. Furthermore, CAC-0982 suppressed the mast cell-mediated allergic responses in mice in a dose-dependent manner (ED{sub 50} 27.9 mg/kg). As for the mechanism, CAC-0982 largely suppressed the phosphorylation of Syk and its downstream signaling molecules, including LAT, Akt, Erk1/2, p38, and JNK. Notably, the tyrosine kinase assay of antigen-stimulated mast cells showed that CAC-0982 inhibited Fyn kinase, one of the upstream tyrosine kinases for Syk activation in mast cells. Taken together, these results suggest that CAC-0982 may be used as a new treatment for regulating IgE-mediated allergic diseases through the inhibition of the Fyn/Syk pathway in mast cells. - Highlights: • The anti-allergic effect of 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl 1,3-diacetate, CAC-0982, was measured. • CAC-0982 reversibly suppressed the activation of mast cells by IgE and antigen. • CAC-0982 inhibited passive cutaneous anaphylaxis in mice. • CAC-0982 suppresses mast cells through inhibition of Fyn activation in mast cells.

  6. NREL and DONG Energy Collaboration for Grid Simulator Controls and Testing: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-13-527

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gevorgian, Vahan [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2016-05-01

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and DONG Energy are interested in collaborating for the development of control algorithms, modeling, and grid simulator testing of wind turbine generator systems involving NWTC's advanced Controllable Grid Interface (CGI). NREL and DONG Energy will work together to develop control algorithms, models, test methods, and protocols involving NREL's CGI, as well as appropriate data acquisition systems for grid simulation testing. The CRADA also includes work on joint publication of results achieved from modeling and testing efforts. Further, DONG Energy will send staff to NREL on a long-term basis for collaborative work including modeling and testing. NREL will send staff to DONG Energy on a short-term basis to visit wind power sites and participate in meetings relevant to this collaborative effort. DOE has provided NREL with over 10 years of support in developing custom facilities and capabilities to enable testing of full-scale integrated wind turbine drivetrain systems in accordance with the needs of the US wind industry. NREL currently operates a 2.5MW dynamometer and is in the processes of commissioning a 5MW dynamometer and a grid simulator (referred to as a 'Controllable Grid Interface' or CGI). DONG Energy is the market leader in offshore wind power development, with currently over 1 GW of on- and offshore wind power in operation, and 1.3 GW under construction. DONG Energy has on-going R&D projects involving high voltage DC (HVDC) transmission.

  7. The influence hydrogen atom addition has on charge switching during motion of the metal atom in endohedral Ca@C60H4 isomers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raggi, G; Besley, E; Stace, A J

    2016-09-13

    Density functional theory has been applied in a study of charge transfer between an endohedral calcium atom and the fullerene cage in Ca@C60H4 and [Ca@C60H4](+) isomers. Previous calculations on Ca@C60 have shown that the motion of calcium within a fullerene is accompanied by large changes in electron density on the carbon cage. Based on this observation, it has been proposed that a tethered endohedral fullerene might form the bases of a nanoswitch. Through the addition of hydrogen atoms to one hemisphere of the cage it is shown that, when compared with Ca@C60, asymmetric and significantly reduced energy barriers can be generated with respect to motion of the calcium atom. It is proposed that hydrogen atom addition to a fullerene might offer a route for creating a bi-stable nanoswitch that can be fine-tuned through the selection of an appropriate isomer and number of atoms attached to the cage of an endohedral fullerene.This article is part of the themed issue 'Fullerenes: past, present and future, celebrating the 30th anniversary of Buckminster Fullerene'.

  8. Hb East Timor [β80(EF4)Asn→His, AAC>CAC (HBB c.241A>C)], a variant hemoglobin associated with normal hematology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finlayson, Jill; Ghassemifar, Reza; Holmes, Paula; Grey, Dianne; Figliomeni, Lisa; Newbound, Christopher; Pell, Nicole; Kersten, Michael; Jennens, Michelle; Macaulay, Claire; Greenwood, Laura; Beilby, John

    2010-01-01

    Routine hemoglobin (Hb) analyses identified a new β-globin variant in a family from East Timor. The red cell indices were within normal limits for all affected family members. The variant is due to a missense mutation at amino acid codon 80 (AAC>CAC) which results in the substitution of histidine for asparagine.

  9. Impact of image normalization and quantization on the performance of sonar computer-aided detection/computer-aided classification (CAD/CAC) algorithms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciany, Charles M.; Zurawski, William C.

    2007-04-01

    Raytheon has extensively processed high-resolution sonar images with its CAD/CAC algorithms to provide real-time classification of mine-like bottom objects in a wide range of shallow-water environments. The algorithm performance is measured in terms of probability of correct classification (Pcc) as a function of false alarm rate, and is impacted by variables associated with both the physics of the problem and the signal processing design choices. Some examples of prominent variables pertaining to the choices of signal processing parameters are image resolution (i.e., pixel dimensions), image normalization scheme, and pixel intensity quantization level (i.e., number of bits used to represent the intensity of each image pixel). Improvements in image resolution associated with the technology transition from sidescan to synthetic aperture sonars have prompted the use of image decimation algorithms to reduce the number of pixels per image that are processed by the CAD/CAC algorithms, in order to meet real-time processor throughput requirements. Additional improvements in digital signal processing hardware have also facilitated the use of an increased quantization level in converting the image data from analog to digital format. This study evaluates modifications to the normalization algorithm and image pixel quantization level within the image processing prior to CAD/CAC processing, and examines their impact on the resulting CAD/CAC algorithm performance. The study utilizes a set of at-sea data from multiple test exercises in varying shallow water environments.

  10. Effects of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] and its analogues (EB1089 and analog V) on canine adenocarcinoma (CAC-8) in nude mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kunakornsawat, Sunee; Rosol, Thomas John; Capen, Charles Chabert; Reddy, Gudimetla Satyanarayana; Binderup, Lise; Inpanbutr, Nongnuch

    2002-05-01

    The aim of this study is to determine the effects of 1,25(OH)2D3 and its analogues on tumor growth and body weight, changes in plasma ionized calcium, parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) production, bone resorption, and the distribution of the 1,25(OH)2D3 receptor (VDR) on tumors in nude mice-bearing the canine adenocarcinoma (CAC-8). Thirty-seven nude mice were implanted subcutaneously with CAC-8. Two weeks after implantation, the mice were divided into 5 groups and injected intraperitoneally 3 times/week for 4 weeks with 5 different substrates. Group I (nontumor-bearing mice) were injected with vehicle. Groups II through V were CAC-8-bearing mice injected with the following: Grp. II, vehicle; Grp. III, analog V; Grp. IV, 1,25(OH)2D3; and Grp. V, EB1089. Our results showed that mice body weight (% change) of CAC-8-bearing mice was significantly lower than those of nontumor-bearing mice (pCAC-8-bearing mice treated with analog V maintained their body weight better than CAC-8-bearing mice treated with either vehicle, 1,25(OH)2D3, or EB1089. A reduction of tumor growth was observed in CAC-8-bearing mice treated with 1,25(OH)2D3 and its analogues; however, the reduction was not statistically significant compared to the vehicle-treated CAC-8-bearing mice. All CAC-8-bearing mice increased osteoclastic bone resorption and hypercalcemia. Immunohistochemical staining of CAC-8 with VDR antibody demonstrated a positive reaction in nuclei of tumor cells. In conclusion, CAC-8-bearing mice treated with analog V were more active and maintained their body weight better than other CAC-8-bearing groups. Analog V-treated mice also showed no toxic side effects of hypercalcemia despite an increase in plasmaionized calcium comparable to nontumor-bearing mice. Tumor volumes of CAC-8-bearing mice treated with 1,25(OH)2D3 and its analogues were smaller than vehicle-treated CAC-8-bearing mice. This finding suggested an inhibitory effect on tumor cell growth.

  11. Discovery of Borax-bearing Mirabilite Beds in Dong Co,Northern Tibet, and Its Palaeoclimatic Significance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏乐军; 郑绵平; 刘喜方; 蔡克勤; 乜贞

    2002-01-01

    The authors investigated lacustrine chemical sediments on terrace-I of Dong Co---a salt lake in the interiorof the northern Tibetan Plateau and firstly discovered borax and a complete sedimentary section with five pure mirabilitebeds. According to the sedimentary characteristics of rhythmic layering, palaeotemperatures for the formation of the cold-phase mineral-mirabilite-at the profiles and 14C dating, the authors applied the theory and method of comparativesalinology in the study of the history of the palaeoclimate and palaeoenvironment of Dong Co in the early and middleHolocene and drew the conclusion that the salt lake had experienced the following climatic evolution: the warm and moiststage (>8470 a BP and possibly to 10500 a BP)→cold and dry stage (8470-8170 a BP)→warm and moist stage (8170-7590a BP)→stage of repeated climatic oscillations (7590-7400 a BP, alternation of three dry oscillations and three moist os-cillations in a generally cold climatic background)→cold and dry stage (7400-6940 a BP)→warm and moist stage (6940-6620 a BP)→cold and dry stage (6620-6410 a B P)→ warm and moist stage (after 6410 a BP).

  12. Speech at the Meeting Commemorating the 50th Anniversary of Chairman MAO Ze-dong's Important Instruction on Western Medicine Doctors Learning Traditional Chinese Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Zhu

    2009-01-01

    @@ Respected leaders, distinguished guests, venerable seniors and comrades, Today, the Meeting Commemorating the 50th Anniversary of Chairman MAO Ze-dong's Important Instructions on Western Medicine Doctors Learning Traditional Chinese Medicine was inaugurated by the Chinese Association of Integrative Medicine, and it is also an important occasion to review the past and look forward to the future.

  13. The Moon Phases in a Paper Box. (Spanish Title: Las Fases de la Luna en Una Caja de Cartón.) As Fases da Lua Numa Caixa de Papelão

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Fátima O. Saraiva, Maria; Amador, Cláudio B.; Kemper, Érico; Goulart, Paulo; Muller, Angela

    2007-12-01

    material didático de baixo custo para demonstração do conceito de fases de um corpo iluminado. O principal objetivo de nosso material é facilitar a compreensão das fases da Lua da perspectiva de um observador na Terra. O material ajuda na visualização de dois efeitos importantes: (1º) mesmo tendo sempre a metade da "Lua" (representada por uma bolinha de isopor ou de ping-pong) iluminada pelo "Sol" (representado por uma fonte de luz natural ou artificial), nós vemos diferentes frações de sua superfície iluminada, dependendo do ângulo pelo qual a olhamos; (2º) a orientação da borda convexa da Lua nas fases Crescente e Minguante também depende da perspectiva pela qual a olhamos da Terra. O uso de uma caixa fechada permite observar o contraste entre as diferentes fases sem necessidade de estar em uma sala escurecida. Apresentamos também um texto explicativo sobre fases da Lua, enfatizando a dependência da aparência da parte iluminada com o ângulo de visada.

  14. An indoxyl compound 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl 1,3-diacetate, CAC-0982, suppresses activation of Fyn kinase in mast cells and IgE-mediated allergic responses in mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jun Ho; Kim, Tae Hyung; Kim, Hyuk Soon; Kim, A-Ram; Kim, Do-Kyun; Nam, Seung Taek; Kim, Hyun Woo; Park, Young Hwan; Her, Erk; Park, Yeong Min; Kim, Hyung Sik; Kim, Young Mi; Choi, Wahn Soo

    2015-06-15

    Mast cells, constituents of virtually all organs and tissues, are critical cells in IgE-mediated allergic responses. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect and mechanism of an indoxyl chromogenic compound, 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl 1,3-diacetate, CAC-0982, on IgE-mediated mast cell activation and allergic responses in mice. CAC-0982 reversibly suppressed antigen-stimulated degranulation in murine mast cells (IC50, ~3.8μM) and human mast cells (IC50, ~3.0μM). CAC-0982 also inhibited the expression and secretion of IL-4 and TNF-α in mast cells. Furthermore, CAC-0982 suppressed the mast cell-mediated allergic responses in mice in a dose-dependent manner (ED50 27.9mg/kg). As for the mechanism, CAC-0982 largely suppressed the phosphorylation of Syk and its downstream signaling molecules, including LAT, Akt, Erk1/2, p38, and JNK. Notably, the tyrosine kinase assay of antigen-stimulated mast cells showed that CAC-0982 inhibited Fyn kinase, one of the upstream tyrosine kinases for Syk activation in mast cells. Taken together, these results suggest that CAC-0982 may be used as a new treatment for regulating IgE-mediated allergic diseases through the inhibition of the Fyn/Syk pathway in mast cells.

  15. Influence of Water Temperature and Salinity on PH During Dry Season in Lower Dong Nai River System, Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dung Dang Quoc

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper uses the gvSIG 2.2.0 software, IDW interpolation method, river and stream network data, and 36 sampling sites to build the maps of three monitored parameters such as pH, water temperature, and salinity in the Lower Dong Nai River system (2009-2010 in dry season. Based on an analysis of these maps and statistical assessment by using the R software, the correlations between pH, temperature, and salinity are clarified. The results show that the pH and temperature values have a tendency to decrease, whereas the salinity tends to increase annually. The pH value has good and significant correlations with the water temperature and salinity in both simple and multiple linear regression models. The results aim to provide a scientific reference for further research on the water environment in this area.

  16. Cooperative Game Theory-Based CAC Strategy for Mobile Communication Systems%移动通信系统中一种合作博弈CAC策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张慧; 方旭明; 袁琴

    2011-01-01

    Since the radio spectrum is a very scarce resource, the call admission control (CAC) is one of the most important parts in radio resource management of mobile communication systems.With the aim at resolving the problem of streaming a medium's over-use of resource, a cooperative game theory-based CAC strategy is proposed in this paper.The players are the services in connection, and a new service requests to access the system.The base station is the external power, which ensures the protocol operation.The results show that the capture effect of resource caused by streaming media is eased by adopting the CAC strategy; therefore, the access fairness is guaranteed.It is very significant to improve the performance of practical system applications.%由于无线频谱是极为有限的资源,呼叫接纳控制(call admission control,简称CAC)成为移动通信系统中无线资源管理的一个重要部分.针对流媒体对接入资源的过度占用问题,提出了一种基于合作博弈理论的CAC策略,博弈方是处于服务状态的业务和申请接入的新业务,基站是保证协议强制执行的外在力量,基站选择效用和最大的策略组作为博弈过程的最终结果.仿真结果表明,所提策略有效缓解了流媒体业务对资源的捕获效应,保证了用户接入的公平性,对于实际系统性能的改善具有重要的意义.

  17. First-principles and Monte Carlo studies on the magnetic stability of half-metallic zinc-blende CaC and similar compounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dong, Shengjie [Department of Physics, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387 (China); Ding, Hang-Chen [Key Laboratory of Polar Materials and Devices, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062 (China); Zhou, Baozeng [Department of Applied Physics, Faculty of Science, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China); Duan, Chun-Gang [Key Laboratory of Polar Materials and Devices, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062 (China); National Laboratory for Infrared Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200083 (China); Wu, Ping [Department of Applied Physics, Faculty of Science, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China); Zhao, Hui, E-mail: naihuizhao@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387 (China)

    2015-03-15

    Using the first-principles calculation based on density functional theory and Monte Carlo simulation within the Heisenberg Hamiltonian, we have investigated the magnetic stability at finite pressure and temperature of CaC and some other selected hypothetical II{sup A}–IV{sup A} compounds with the zinc-blende crystal structure. The results from simulated external pressure and temperature test indicate that the magnetic stability is dependent on the variation in atomic number of anion or cation element. Additionally, the origin of sp magnetism is mentioned briefly in this work and the dependence of Curie temperature on the volume is also discussed. First-principles computational charge-injection test show that the magnetization of these sp compounds originates in the spin polarization of the p shell of anions. For CaC, the exchange parameter J{sub 1} of the Heisenberg Hamiltonian depends strongly on the lattice constant, while the J{sub 2} and J{sub 3} are weakly dependent on the lattice constant. Moreover, discussion of volume-conserving deformations for CaC further demonstrates the stability of ferromagnetism and half metallicity for the compounds. - Highlights: • CaC and some other compounds with the zinc-blende crystal structure. • The first-principles calculation and Monte Carlo simulation within the Heisenberg Hamiltonian. • The magnetic stability is dependent on the variation in atomic number of anion or cation element. • The magnetic properties depend on the deformation of the lattice. • The normalized magnetic moment and specific heat capacity as a function of temperature.

  18. The main contents of Mao Ze-dong Thought of family education%毛泽东家庭教育思想的主要内容

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许冰

    2013-01-01

    当今社会,高度重视家庭教育,而毛泽东家庭教育思想在理论上形成了具有中国特色的家庭教育思想。毛泽东家庭教育思想的主要内容由世界观,人生观,价值观教育;思想品德教育;文化知识教育三部分构成。%In today's society, attaches great importance to family education, family education of Mao Ze-dong Thought forms family education thought with Chinese characteristics in theory. The main contents of family education of Mao Ze-dong Thought is composed by the world outlook, outlook on life, values education;moral education;cultural education.

  19. Innovation Exploration on Settlement of Dong Minority in Guangxi%广西侗族聚落的创新探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱涛

    2013-01-01

    Nowadays many settlements of original ecology are damaged to different extents and the traditional regional features are steadily disappearing, so urbanization characters are influenced to some extent. The exploration on the cultural connotation and technical essence of the settlements of Dong minority in Guangxi is aimed at strengthening the protection,development and innovation of the settlements of Dong minority.%现在许多原生态的聚落遭到不同程度的损毁,城乡风貌日渐趋同,传统的地域个性逐渐淡化,一定程度上影响了城镇化的特色。该文通过探索广西侗族聚落的文化内涵和技术本质,旨在推动侗族聚落的保护、发展与创新。

  20. 贵州侗族建筑艺术初探%On the Architecture Art of Guizhou's Dong People

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚敏

    2012-01-01

    侗族文化丰富多彩,侗族建筑艺术堪称一绝,与侗族大歌一样闻名于世。侗族的民居、塔楼、风雨桥等绝妙建筑,其因地制宜的布局风格,融入了侗族的民族文化特色,体现了天人合一、人与自然和谐共存的居住理念。%The Dong people are famous for their rich culture,particularly their architecture art and Grand Song.This paper studies the Dong people's architecture art in folk residence,drum towers and roofed bridges termed as "wind-and-rain bridges".It is argued that ethnic culture as well as the concepts of heaven-man unity and man-nature harmony is interwoven into their architecture.

  1. University Students' Conceptions about the Moon Phases. (Spanish Title: Concepciones de Estudiantes Universitários sobre Las Fases de la Luna.) Concepções de Estudantes Universitários sobre as Fases da Lua

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Fátima Oliveira Saraiva, Maria; da Silveira, Fernando Lang; Steffani, Maria Helena

    2011-07-01

    In this article we describe the development of a multiple choice test about lunar phases and analyze the results of its application to ten groups of Physics students at the UFRGS. During the improvement of the test, we noticed that the percentage of right answers about some concepts increased significantly when associated with the reformulation of the question, emphasizing the importance of being careful to avoid incorrect answers generated by unclear questions, and not by ignorance on the matter. We confirm the results of other studies that show that students have great difficulty to relate the Moon's phase with its position in the sky at given time. On the other hand, our results suggest that, in general, students of Physics understand the phenomenon of lunar phases better than the average of university students. En estese artículo se describe la elaboración de una prueba de opción múltiple sobre las fases de la Luna y se analizan los resultados de su aplicación en diez grupos de estudiantes de Física de UFRGS. Durante el mejoramiento de la prueba observamos que el porcentaje de aciertos creció considerablemente cuando considerada una nueva redacción de la pregunta, destacando el cuidado que se debe tomar a fin de evitar respuestas incorrectas generadas por preguntas poco claras y no a causa de la ignorancia de los estudiantes sobre el tema. Confirmamos los resultados de otros estudios que las mayores dificultades de los alumnos sobre el tema fases de la Luna están en relacionar la fase de la Luna con su posición en el cielo en determinado momento. Por otra parte, nuestros resultados sugieren que, en general, los estudiantes de la Física comprenden mejor el fenómeno de las fases lunares que el promedio de los estudiantes universitarios. Neste artigo descrevemos a elaboração de um teste de múltipla escolha sobre as fases da Lua e analisamos os resultados de sua aplicação em dez grupos de estudantes de Física da UFRGS. Durante o aprimoramento do

  2. On Dong Zhongshu’s Theory of Yin and Yang%论董子之阴阳出入

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丰琼

    2014-01-01

    阴阳理论在董学中具有重要地位和作用,董子对阴阳的性质、运行的方式、运行的路径,以及阴阳在行进过程中的数量和比例的变化及其在气候的变化等方面都做了详细的分析说明。从其论述看,其阴阳理论在内容上、形式上都充分吸收和利用了当时天文学和气候学的有关知识,具有朴素的科学性。在论证方法上采用了当时汉代社会普遍流行的简单类比的方式和天人感应的形式,虽然带有一定的神秘性,但似乎更多地表现了当时农业社会条件下靠天吃饭的人们的一种“天人合一”的思维方式。%The theory of Yin and Yang plays an important role in Dong Zhongshu’s doctrine. Dong Zhongshu makes a detailed analysis of what their nature is, how they work, how their amount and proportion change and how the climate changes. His discussion shows that, in contents and forms, his theory, which absorbs and uses some relevant knowledge of astronomy and climatology, is simply scientific;in methods, his theory, which adopts the method of simple analogy that was popular in Han dynasty and the form of nature-man telepathy, is mystical in some way, but it seems to reflect“nature-man integrity”, one of the thinking mode of the people who lived off nature in the agricultural society.

  3. Environmental hazard mapping using GIS and AHP - A case study of Dong Trieu District in Quang Ninh Province, Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anh, N. K.; Phonekeo, V.; My, V. C.; Duong, N. D.; Dat, P. T.

    2014-02-01

    In recent years, Vietnamese economy has been growing up rapidly and caused serious environmental quality plunging, especially in industrial and mining areas. It brings an enormous threat to a socially sustainable development and the health of human beings. Environmental quality assessment and protection are complex and dynamic processes, since it involves spatial information from multi-sector, multi-region and multi-field sources and needs complicated data processing. Therefore, an effective environmental protection information system is needed, in which considerable factors hidden in the complex relationships will become clear and visible. In this paper, the authors present the methodology which was used to generate environmental hazard maps which are applied to the integration of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Geographical Information system (GIS). We demonstrate the results that were obtained from the study area in Dong Trieu district. This research study has contributed an overall perspective of environmental quality and identified the devastated areas where the administration urgently needs to establish an appropriate policy to improve and protect the environment.

  4. Application of Fisher fusion techniques to improve the individual performance of sonar computer-aided detection/computer-aided classification (CAD/CAC) algorithms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciany, Charles M.; Zurawski, William C.

    2009-05-01

    Raytheon has extensively processed high-resolution sidescan sonar images with its CAD/CAC algorithms to provide classification of targets in a variety of shallow underwater environments. The Raytheon CAD/CAC algorithm is based on non-linear image segmentation into highlight, shadow, and background regions, followed by extraction, association, and scoring of features from candidate highlight and shadow regions of interest (ROIs). The targets are classified by thresholding an overall classification score, which is formed by summing the individual feature scores. The algorithm performance is measured in terms of probability of correct classification as a function of false alarm rate, and is determined by both the choice of classification features and the manner in which the classifier rates and combines these features to form its overall score. In general, the algorithm performs very reliably against targets that exhibit "strong" highlight and shadow regions in the sonar image- i.e., both the highlight echo and its associated shadow region from the target are distinct relative to the ambient background. However, many real-world undersea environments can produce sonar images in which a significant percentage of the targets exhibit either "weak" highlight or shadow regions in the sonar image. The challenge of achieving robust performance in these environments has traditionally been addressed by modifying the individual feature scoring algorithms to optimize the separation between the corresponding highlight or shadow feature scores of targets and non-targets. This study examines an alternate approach that employs principles of Fisher fusion to determine a set of optimal weighting coefficients that are applied to the individual feature scores before summing to form the overall classification score. The results demonstrate improved performance of the CAD/CAC algorithm on at-sea data sets.

  5. Mr. Zhou Guidian's "Research on Dong Zhongshu" and Its Modern Value%周桂钿先生之"董仲舒研究"及现代价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常会营

    2015-01-01

    Mr. Zhou Guidian, a master of the studies on the ideological history in Qin and Han Dynasties, holds an important academic position and influence in the field of academic, ideology and social science, and his great devotion and assiduous attitude to academic together with his philosophical spirit is looked up to. In the course of his study on Dong Zhongshu, Mr. Zhou defines Dong Zhongshu's philosophy for three times. Academic paradigm has great influences on Dong Zhongshu's historical position and evaluation. Mr. Zhou summarizes Dong Zhongshu's theoretical contribution as the great unification,the telepathy between heaven and man, and honouring Confucianism alone. Based on Confucius's "education after wealth" and the history of New China, he puts forwards "the theory of the three phases of national development". His "New Confucianism in the Han Dynasty" is basically equal to "Dong Zhongshu's Theory".%周桂钿先生是秦汉思想史及董仲舒哲学研究的大家,在学术界、思想界和社会科学界有着重要的学术地位和影响力,其潜心学术、孜孜不倦的学术态度及哲学精神令人钦敬.周先生在董仲舒研究的历程中,对董仲舒哲学进行了三次定性.学术范式对董仲舒历史地位及评价影响巨大.周先生对董仲舒的理论贡献归纳、总结为大一统论、天人感应、独尊儒术.由孔子"富而后教"出发,结合新中国历史,周先生总结了"国家发展三阶段论".周先生提出的"汉代新儒学"基本等同于"董学".

  6. LES SYSTEMES DE GESTION PAR LA VALEUR : UNE ANALYSE DE LEUR IMPACT SUR LA COMMUNICATION FINANCIERE DES SOCIETES DU CAC 40

    OpenAIRE

    Nabet, Agnes

    2002-01-01

    International audience; La lecture des rapports annuels 1998 et 1999 des sociétés du CAC 40, guidée par un dictionnaire des thèmes en rapport avec le gouvernement d'entreprise et la création de valeur, montre l'évolution considérable de la communication financière. Cinq catégories de sociétés supportant une influence actionnariale différente sont distinguées.

  7. 完善水产品加工专业标准体系——CAC CCFFP第24次会议召开

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王联珠; 丁保华

    2000-01-01

    @@ 国际食品法典委员会(codex alimentarius commission简称CAC)所属的水产与水产加工品专业委员会(codex committee on fish & fishery products简称CCFFP)第24届年会,于2000年6月5~9日在挪威的Alesund市举行,来自43个成员国和3个国际组织(EU、FAO、WHO)的140位代表或观察员出席了会议.

  8. OPTIMIZACIÓN DE REDES 3G UTILIZANDO ALGORITMOS CONTROL DE ADMISIÓN DE LLAMADA (CAC Y REORGANIZACIÓN DE CARGA (LDR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darío Fernando Romo Cabrera

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta el comportamiento de los algoritmos control de admisión de llamada CAC y reorganización de la carga LDR. Se  analizan dos escenarios donde son utilizados para mejorar el rendimiento de la red 3G. En el primero de ellos se presenta un caso de congestión de potencia en el uplink y en el segundo se analiza el nivel de congestión de elementos de canal CE en el uplink.

  9. Synthesis of (R)-Configured 2'-Fluorinated mC, hmC, fC, and caC Phosphoramidites and Oligonucleotides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schröder, Arne S; Kotljarova, Olga; Parsa, Edris; Iwan, Katharina; Raddaoui, Nada; Carell, Thomas

    2016-09-02

    Investigation of the function of the new epigenetic bases requires the development of stabilized analogues that are stable during base excision repair (BER). Here we report the synthesis of 2'-(R)-fluorinated versions of the phosphoramidites of 5-methylcytosine (mC), 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (hmC), 5-formylcytosine (fC), and 5-carboxycytosine (caC). For oligonucleotides containing 2'-(R)-F-fdC, we show that these compounds cannot be cleaved by the main BER enzyme thymine-DNA glycosylase (TDG).

  10. Pressure induced polymerization of acetylide anions in CaC 2 and 10 7 fold enhancement of electrical conductivity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zheng, Haiyan; Wang, Lijuan; Li, Kuo; Yang, Youyou; Wang, Yajie; Wu, Jiajia; Dong, Xiao; Wang, Chun-Hai; Tulk, Christopher A.; Molaison, Jamie J.; Ivanov, Ilia N.; Feygenson, Mikhail; Yang, Wenge; Guthrie, Malcolm; Zhao, Yusheng; Mao, Ho-Kwang; Jin, Changqing (ORNL); (CIW); (CHPSTAR- China); (Agilent); (SUSTC); (Chinese Aca. Sci.); (COFCO); (Durham)

    2016-08-17

    Transformation between different types of carbon–carbon bonding in carbides often results in a dramatic change of physical and chemical properties. Under external pressure, unsaturated carbon atoms form new covalent bonds regardless of the electrostatic repulsion. It was predicted that calcium acetylide (also known as calcium carbide, CaC2) polymerizes to form calcium polyacetylide, calcium polyacenide and calcium graphenide under high pressure. In this work, the phase transitions of CaC2 under external pressure were systematically investigated, and the amorphous phase was studied in detail for the first time. Polycarbide anions like C66- are identified with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and several other techniques, which evidences the pressure induced polymerization of the acetylide anions and suggests the existence of the polyacenide fragment. Additionally, the process of polymerization is accompanied with a 107 fold enhancement of the electrical conductivity. The polymerization of acetylide anions demonstrates that high pressure compression is a viable route to synthesize novel metal polycarbides and materials with extended carbon networks, while shedding light on the synthesis of more complicated metal organics.

  11. Selective production of 1,2-propylene glycol from Jerusalem artichoke tuber using Ni-W(2) C/AC catalysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Likun; Wang, Aiqin; Li, Changzhi; Zheng, Mingyuan; Zhang, Tao

    2012-05-01

    A series of Ni-promoted W(2) C/activated carbon (AC) catalysts were investigated for the catalytic conversion of Jerusalem artichoke tuber (JAT) under hydrothermal conditions and hydrogen pressure. Even a small amount of Ni could greatly promote the conversion of JAT to 1,2-propylene glycol (1,2-PG), whereas the pure W(2) C/AC catalyst resulted in the selective formation of acetol. The product distribution profiles involving the reaction temperature, time, and H(2) pressure indicated that 1,2-PG formed as a result of acetol hydrogenation, which was catalyzed by Ni. Thus, there was a synergy between W(2) C and Ni, and the best performance yielded 38.5% of 1,2-PG over a 4%Ni-20%W(2) C/AC catalyst at 245°C, 6 MPa H(2) , and 80 min. To understand the reaction process, some important intermediates, such as inulin, fructose, acetol, glyceraldehyde, and 1,3-dihydroxyacetone, were used as the feedstock. Based on the product distributions derived from these intermediates, a reaction pathway was proposed, where JAT was first hydrolyzed into a mixture of fructose and glucose under the catalysis of H(+) , then the sugars underwent a retro-aldol reaction followed by hydrogenation catalyzed by Ni-W(2) C.

  12. Morality Given Priority over Penalty: Dong Zhongshu's Thoughts of Governing a Country%德主刑辅:董仲舒的治国理政之道

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴光

    2015-01-01

    董仲舒在西汉王朝统治思想从尊道向尊儒转型中起到了关键性历史作用.董仲舒的王道论包括了"改制更化"的政治改革思想,"德主刑辅"的治国理政战略,"人性三分"的人性论和"民性待教而为善"的道德教化论.董仲舒的"德主刑辅"王道论,是一种以"春秋公羊学"形态出现的"政治经学",它不仅决定着汉魏今文经学的发展方向,而且给予古文经学的政治伦理哲学以重要影响,这便是董氏政治经学的历史性贡献.%Dong Zhongshu played a crucial historical role in the transition of the governing thoughts from honouring Taoism to Confucianism in the Western Han Dynasty. His governing thoughts include the political reform thought of "system reform", the governing strategy of "morality given priority over penalty", the thought of "three-aspect division of human nature" and the moral teaching thought of "good from teaching". Dong Zhongshu's governing thought of "morality given priority over penalty" is a kind of "political science" in the form of "Gongyang Commentary on Spring and Autumn Annals", which not only determined the development direction of the New Text Confucianism in the Han and Wei Dynasties but also had a great influence on the political ethic philosophy of the Old Text Confucianism, and this is Dong Zhongshu's historical contribution to political science.

  13. Is the Dark Side of the Moon Ever Illuminated by the Sun? (Breton Title: O Lado Escuro da Lua Nunca Apanha Sol?) El Lado Oscuro de la Luna Nunca Toma Sol?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giovannini, Odilon; Pellenz, Daiana; Catelli, Francisco

    2014-07-01

    This work presents the elaboration of an answer to the question "Is the dark side of the moon ever illuminated by the sun?", in which issues related to the students' conceptions, how they arise, and the core elements that constitute a "good answer" are considered. These issues are initially elaborated from a literature review of the research in the field; then, and also based on this review, a didactic model that involves the relative motions of the Earth - Moon - Sun system is proposed. A description of the application of this model in a learning environment within middle school students is described. This work confirms the students' initial concepts described in the literature; on the other hand, the questions asked by students during the activity provide evidence that meaningful learning, at least to some degree, has occurred. Este trabalho apresenta a elaboração de uma resposta à pergunta "O lado escuro da Lua nunca apanha sol?" na qual são consideradas questões relacionadas às concepções iniciais dos alunos, de onde elas surgem e os elementos centrais que constituem uma "boa resposta". Essas questões são tratadas, inicialmente, a partir de uma revisão da literatura sobre pesquisas na área e, em seguida, também com base nessa revisão, um objeto modelo didático que envolve os movimentos relativos do sistema Terra - Lua - Sol é proposto. Uma descrição detalhada da aplicação deste modelo em um ambiente de aprendizagem com alunos do ensino fundamental é relatada. As concepções iniciais apresentadas na literatura se confirmam e os questionamentos feitos pelos estudantes por ocasião da aplicação do modelo fornecem indícios de que uma aprendizagem significativa, pelo menos em algum grau, ocorreu. El artículo se presenta el desarrollo de una respuesta a la pregunta "¿El lado oscuro de la luna nunca toma sol?", en la que se consideran algunas cuestiones vinculadas que se refieren a las concepciones iniciales de los estudiantes, dónde surgen

  14. SCADA系统在英东油田的应用%The application of SCADA system in YingDong oilfield

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴朋; 牟红菊

    2014-01-01

    This article introduced the deifnition of SCADA system an d oil ifeld the importance of the construction of SCADA system, and lists the YingDong oilifeld SCADA system composition and conifguration, as well as the effect of its successful application.%本文介绍了SCADA系统的定义以及油田SCADA系统建设的重要性,并列举了英东油田SCADA系统的构成及配置,以及其成功应用的效果。

  15. A Proposed Activity for a Meaningful Learning about the Moon Phases. (Breton Title: Uma Proposta de Atividade Para a Aprendizagem Significativa sobre as Fases da Lua.) Una Actividad Propuesta Para EL Aprendizaje Significativo Acerca de Las Fases de la Luna

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, Bruno Andrade; Langhi, Rodolfo

    2012-12-01

    This paper presents one of the concepts of Astronomy and its consequent failure in teaching this topic in high school, even when the official documents point out the necessity of Astronomy teaching at this school level. Among the spontaneous conceptions in Astronomy that high school students carry with them, even after the end of the school, we emphasized in this research the Moon phases. The development of different strategies in relation to traditional methods, aimed to teaching-learning process on this topic was considered in this study. These strategies were devised based on the reference frame of the Meaningful Learning, as elaborated by Ausubel. The proposals presented here include the active participation of students in experimental activities and other didactic activities, for their continuous evaluation during the process. These activities finished with a Comics elaboration about the Moon phases. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to present a proposal for differentiated teaching activity about Moon phases supported by the theoretical principles of Meaningful Learning at Physics classes. Este texto foca um dos conteúdos de Astronomia e a consequente falha no ensino deste tema no ensino médio, apesar de os documentos oficiais apresentarem a necessidade de se trabalhar a Astronomia neste nível de ensino. Dentre as concepções alternativas em Astronomia que os alunos do ensino médio carregam consigo, mesmo após o término dos estudos, destacamos, nesta pesquisa, o fenômeno das fases da Lua. O desenvolvimento de estratégias diferenciadas em relação ao ensino tradicional, visando o processo de ensino-aprendizagem sobre este tema, foi contemplado neste trabalho como um dos resultados obtidos sob a luz dos referenciais da aprendizagem significativa, fundamentados em Ausubel. Segundo a proposta aqui apresentada, a participação ativa dos alunos na execução de uma atividade experimental e outras atividades didáticas, que visam sua cont

  16. Disappearance of Sea Floor of the Paleo-asian Ocean: Geological Evidence from the Dong Ujimqin, Inner Mongolia, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Z.; Zhang, T.; Wang, B.; Yu, Y.

    2010-12-01

    It is well accepted that the Central Asian Orogenic Belt (CAOB) formed by the Paleozoic collision of the Siberia and the North China plates and the simultaneous closure of the Paleo-Asian Sea, but the location of the suture zone is still very debatable. Three proposed hypotheses of where the suture zone is are: Solonker-Sonid Zuoqi-Hegenshan, Ophiolite belt along Solonker-Xar Moron River, and the Main Mongolian Lineament in Mongolia. Our mapping, geochronology and geochemistry work in Dong Ujimqin (about 240 km to the NE of Hegan Shan) support the third hypothesis the best. Paleozoic stratigraphy in the research area was studied in detail. From Ordovician to middle Permian, local stratigraphy from bottom to top includes: Ordovician echinodermmeta fossil bearing crystalline limestone, sandstone and argillite; Middle Devonian coarse grained sandstone and argillite; Lower Middle Permian interlayerred sandstone and siltstone. There is an angular unconformity between the Middle Devonian and the overlying Permian strata. The Permian strata contain fossils of Cathaysia flora which include Cladophlebis sp.1,Cladophlebis sp. 2, Pterophyllum daihoense Kawasaki, Calamites suckowiiBrongniart, Sphenopteris sp., Cladophlebis nystroemii Halle, Cladophlebis ozakii Yabe et Oishi, Emplectopteris triangularis Halle, Lepidophylloides sp., Mariopteris hallei (Stockmans et Mathieu), Cladophlebis manchuica (Kawasaki). Structurally, Ordovian strata thrust over the Middle Devonian from NW to SE, and the Middle Devonian thrust over Upper Devonian from NW to SE too. The strike of the axial plane of the folds associated with the thrusts is NE. Two Carboniferous magmatic belts were discovered in the research area. U-Pb zircon geochronology using LA-ICP-MS gave ages of 325-326Ma and 298-311Ma for the North and South belts respectively. The magamatic activities moved from NW to SE. Whole rock, trace element and REE geochemistry tell us that all these magmatic rocks are of syn

  17. A Survey of Traditional Manual Papermaking by Dong People at Dimen%地扪侗族传统手工造纸调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马颖娜

    2012-01-01

    This paper, based on the research materials about Dong people's manual paper- making at Dimen in Guizhou province,discusses the application of the paper,the preservation of the paper making techniques and the reasons why preserve them, the social relations resulted from the papermaking and feeling of people toward them. Both techniques borrowed from the outside and those inherited from the forefathers then adapted by the craftsman contribute to the manual papermaking of Dong people at Dimen.%文章以贵州地扪侗族手工造纸的调研材料为基础,探讨了地扪造纸的用途、存留情况及留存原因、造纸所形成的社会关系及主体感受。地扪的造纸工艺来源丰富,既有外来工艺的影响,也有本土艺人的适应性传承。

  18. 浅谈《侗族民间文学》的教学改革策略%A brief account of farming wisdom of Dong traditional culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨子奇

    2015-01-01

    Dong traditional culture has accumulated much survival wisdom among people, between man and nature, but strangers know very little about it. For the particular background of the agrarian age of human society, the paper combines with Maslow's hierarchy of needs and makes a detailed analysis on the wisdom of Dong traditional culture from acquiring food, obtaining safety, developing social activities, improving the environment to passing on technical skills and so on.%侗族民间文学在时下的新媒体时代,正遭遇着曲解和冷落的困境。文章针对当前的状况提出了利用新媒体的优势,创设情境教学,还原民间文学本质等措施和办法,引导学生关注和加强对侗族民间文学的学习和了解,增强主动学习的成效。

  19. 蔡邕“从卓致死”本事刍议%Analysis on Cai Yong's Death as a Follower of Dong Zhuo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈海燕

    2011-01-01

    Dong Zhuo led his force into the capital,starting a period of warlord chaos and political instability in late Han Dynasty.Undoubtedly,as a cruel dictator,Dong Zhuo's death does not deserve a single pity.But his grace to Cai Yong and his talent has brought%董卓带兵入京,开启了汉末政坛军阀混战、动荡不安的局面。毫无疑问,作为一介残忍暴虐的武夫,他死不足惜,但他对蔡邕的恩遇和重用,却造就了蔡邕的悲剧命运。随着对董卓之死所发出的一声叹息,蔡邕被王允斥为附逆而下狱,最终死于非命。蔡邕之死,历来论者纷纭,观点不一。本文尝试结合汉末的政治环境及蔡邕的人生经历对他所造成的影响等方面,对蔡邕"从卓被杀"的原因进行多方面的分析。

  20. Differentiating and Analyzing the Concept of Dong Qichang' "Literati' s Painting"%董其昌“文人之画”观念辨析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐卫萍

    2012-01-01

    董其昌开列的“文人之画”的系谱以及他的“南北宗论”与他的同时代人的不同之处在于,有两个标准在他的系谱中起到结构性的支撑作用,一是师法造化,二是以画为乐。有此关口,“多寿”之说也成为他对绘画的一种极具个人性的表达。董其昌以个人的趣味和体悟重新结构绘画发展的历史,体现了他自开堂庑的雄心。%What differs Dong Qichang's "Literati's Painting" and "Theory of the Southern and Northern Schools" from his peer's works is that, there are two standards providing structural supports for his genealogy. One is "following the nature"; the other is "drawing for joy". Meanwhile, longevity has become a personal expression of him reflecting his mentality for Chinese painting. Dong Qichang reconstructed the history of Chinese painting, reflecting his ambition of creating a new style of his own.

  1. The Aesthetic Dimension of Dong Minority’s Architectural Art%论侗族建筑艺术的审美维度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周春媚

    2015-01-01

    Dong Minority’s architecture is a collective representation of Dong minority’s culture art,which contains a profound cul⁃tural connotation and rich aesthetic implication. Through the description of characteristics of the beauty of buildings,this paper analyzes its inherent cultural and artistic conception and unique rich aesthetic connotation,providing reference and inspiration for modern architec⁃tural design and construction.%侗族建筑是侗族文化艺术的集体表征,侗族建筑不仅蕴含着深厚的文化内涵而且具有丰富审美意蕴。通过对侗族建筑形式美特征叙述,分析了其内在的文化美与意境美生发及其独特丰富的审美内涵,为现代建筑的设计与建造提供一定的启发与参照。

  2. 评侗族大歌音乐诗剧《行歌坐月》%Review of the Dong Chorus Musical Drama-Song and Moon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅安辉; 吴媛姣; 吴文梅

    2015-01-01

    《行歌坐月》是首个登上国家大剧院的侗族题材剧目。侗族大歌音乐诗剧《行歌坐月》在京首演成功,再一次证明了民族传统文化艺术可以焕发艺术新生。侗戏文化唯有扬弃和吐故纳新,才具有鲜活的生命力和欣欣向荣的发展前景。侗族大歌音乐诗剧《行歌坐月》作为探索传统与现代创作联手的范式,无疑是保护民族传统文化的新途径,更是探索发展民族文化产业的开路先锋。%Song and Moon is the first Dong theme drama to reach the national theatre, In Beijing,the successful premiere of the Dong Chorus Musical Drama—Song and Moon proved again that the national traditional culture and arts can be full of art renaissance, As a traditional paradigm in conjunction with modern creation,the drama is undoubtedly the new approach to protecting the national traditional cul-ture and the pioneer as well in exploring the development of the ethnic culture industry as.

  3. 论毛泽东社会分层理论的多元标准%On the multiple standard of Mao Ze-dong social stratification theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李桃英

    2013-01-01

      The analysis of Mao Ze-dong on Chinese social class, not just the use of class division standard of Marxism, also uses dual or multiple stratification standards according to the needs of revolution and social construction in different periods. To understand the social stratification standard of Mao Ze-dong can help us understand structure of today's society, in favor of resolving conflicts, integrate social forces, construct a well-off society in an all-round way.%  毛泽东对中国社会阶层的分析,不只是运用了马克思主义的阶级划分标准,还根据不同时期革命和社会建设的需要使用了双元或多元分层标准。了解毛泽东的社会分层标准可以帮助认识当今社会的结构层次,有利于化解社会矛盾,整合社会力量,建设全面小康社会。

  4. [Textual research on Guang dong xin yu (New Sayings of Guangdong) quoted in Ben cao gang mu shi yi (Supplements to Compendium of Materia Medica].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ruixian; Zhang, Wei; Li, Jian; Liang, Fei

    2014-05-01

    Altogether 15 terms for Guang dong xin yu (New Sayings of Guangdong) were used in Ben cao gang mu shi yi (Supplements to Compendium of Materia Medica), including Yue yu (Cantonese sayings), Chong yu (Sayings from Insect Drug), Jie yu (Sayings from Crustacean Drug), Xin yu (New Sayings), Yue hai xiang yu (Fragrant Sayings from Cantonese Region), Yue zhi mu yu (Sayings from Plants in Cantonese Annals), Guang dong suo yu (Trivial Sayings from Guangdong), Yue shan lu (Records of Cantonese Mountains), Yue lu (Cantonese Records), Jiao guang lu (Joint Guangdong Records), Yue cao zhi (Records of Cantonese Grasses), Guang guo lu (Records of Guangdong Fruits), Nan yue suo ji (Trivial Records of Southern Canton), Guang zhi (Guangdong Records), Yue zhi (Cantonese Records) etc. dealing with 57 sorts of drugs (with individual overlapping ones), the author of Xin yu was Qu Dajun, a surviving fogy of the Ming Dynasty actively involved in the activities to restore the old dynasty and resist the Qing Dynasty, and was persecuted in the literary inquisition in which his works were burnt so that Zhao Xuemin, when quoting his texts, had to go in a roundabout way.

  5. Comparison of Jia Yi’s and Dong Zhongshu’s Administrative Ethics%贾谊与董仲舒行政伦理思想比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张雪莲

    2015-01-01

    The unfortunate and tortuous life experiences of Jia Yi and Dong Zhongshu caused them to have a deep understanding and thinking of administering a country. Both of them were influenced by Confucianism, Legalism and Taoism and inherited and developed them. Jia Yi formed the administrative ethics of administering a country with etiquette, insisting on policy of benevolence, not repealing the govenment by law and being people-oriented, while Dong Zhongshu formed the administrative ethics of administering a country with virtue, banning the contention of a hundred schools of thoughts and honouring Confucianism alone, and the telepathy between heaven and man. A comparison of these two administrative ethics shows that Jia Yi developed the concept of etiquette from ethics to politics while Dong Zhongshu extended the concept of virtue to administering ways, that Jia Yi used systems as the bridge of etiquette and law while Dong Zhongshu highlighted the governing position of Confucianism, and that Jia Yi insisted on selecting government officials based on public opinions while Dong Zhongshu restrained the governors’ behavior by way of God’s will. These two administrative ethics show the relation of inspiration and reference as well as inheritance and development.%贾谊与董仲舒的人生际遇曲折多舛,而正是这样的经历迫使其对治国理政有了更深刻的体悟和思考。贾谊与董仲舒都曾受到儒家、法家、道家思想的影响,二者对儒、法、道的思想有继承更有发展。贾谊形成了“以礼治国”“坚持仁政、不废法治”“以民为本”的行政伦理思想,董仲舒形成了“以德治国”“罢黜百家、独尊儒术”“天人感应”的行政伦理思想。对比分析二者的行政伦理思想,可以看出贾谊将礼的概念由伦理范畴扩展为政治范畴,而董仲舒是将德育引申到治国方法中;贾谊用制度沟通礼、法,董仲舒强调儒术的统治地位;贾

  6. Monitoring Protein Conformation Changes as an Activating Step for Protein Interactions with Cross-linking/MS Analysis. / Chen, Zhuo; Rasmussen, Morten; Tahir, Salman; Clark, C.A.C; Barlow, Paul; Rappsilber, Juri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Morten

    Monitoring protein conformation changes as an activating step for protein interactions with cross-linking/MS analysis. Chen, Zhou; Rasmussen, Morten; Tahir, Salman; Clark, C.A.C; Barlow, Paul; Rappsilber, Juri.   Introduction Protein interactions often require conformational changes in proteins...

  7. Redefining the structure-activity relationships of 2,6-methano-3-benzazocines. Part 9: Synthesis, characterization and molecular modeling of pyridinyl isosteres of N-BPE-8-CAC (1), a high affinity ligand for opioid receptors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    VanAlstine, Melissa A; Wentland, Mark P; Alvarez, Juan; Cao, Qing; Cohen, Dana J; Knapp, Brian I; Bidlack, Jean M

    2013-04-01

    Derivatives of the lead compound N-BPE-8-CAC (1) where each CH of the biphenyl group was individually replaced by N were prepared in hopes of identifying high affinity ligands with improved aqueous solubility. Compared to 1, binding affinities of the five possible pyridinyl derivatives for the μ opioid receptor were between threefold lower to fivefold higher with the Ki of the most potent compound being 0.064 nM. Docking of 8-CAC (2) into the unliganded binding site of the mouse μ opioid receptor (pdb: 4DKL) revealed that 8-CAC and β-FNA (from 4DKL) make nearly identical interactions with the receptor. However, for 1 and the new pyridinyl derivatives 4-8, binding is not tolerated in the 8-CAC binding mode due to the steric constraints of the large N-substituents. Either an alternative binding mode or rearrangement of the protein to accommodate these modifications may account for their high binding affinity.

  8. 董仲舒和奥古斯丁本体比较管窥%Brief Probe into Comparing the Ontology of Dong Zhongshu with That of Augustine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵全

    2016-01-01

    董仲舒与奥古斯丁的本体——天与上帝存在许多相通相异之处.相通之处,在于两者都运用了理性的思辨方法,将本体划分为三个结构;而相异之处,则是董仲舒强调人的行为,天只是以人事为依归出现,而天人关系在"天人感应"中达到圆融,因此董仲舒的"天"是一个融通的大而化之的存在,并没有强烈的本体结构;奥古斯丁则是将上帝看做人的根本,而不是相反,因此,奥古斯丁更突出地构建了上帝的三位一体的本体结构.两者的比较体现了中西方思想的不同路径,即中国的思想是人文色彩的形上路径,不具备严格的本体论思维,西方则是神本色彩的本体路径,具备强烈的本体思辨特色.%The ontology of Dong Zhongshu and Augustine——heaven and God have many similarities and differences.The similarity lies in that they both use rational method to divide the ontology into three structures.The difference is that Dong Zhongshu emphasizes human's behaviors,and the heaven is just the reflection of human's behaviors,then the relationship between heaven and human comes to harmony through the theory of"correspondence between man and universe".So Dong Zhongshu's heaven is the existence which is lack of the element of noumenon.But Augustine takes the God as the origin of hu-man.Therefore,Augustine constructed the Trinity of God to express his ontology.The comparison be-tween them reflects the different paths of Chinese and Western thoughts,that is,the Chinese thought is the metaphysical path,and doesn't have a strict ontological thinking,while the western thought has a strong feature of ontology.

  9. Learning game AI programming with Lua

    CERN Document Server

    Young, David

    2014-01-01

    If you are a game developer or a general programmer who wishes to focus on programming systems and techniques to build your game AI without creating low-level interfaces in a game engine, then this book is for you. Knowledge of C++ will come in handy to debug the entirety of the AI sandbox and expand on the features present within the book, but it is not required.

  10. Comparison on the maximum nitrite content in food between codex alimentarius commission(CAC)and China national standards%我国与CAC关于食品中亚硝酸盐限量标准的对比分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜云荞; 吴婷婷; 冉昇; 蒋葭蒹; 朱双良

    2012-01-01

    对比分析我国国家标准与国际食品法典委员会(CAC)标准中关于食品中亚硝酸盐限量指标的异同,并列举比较了我国与CAC的五个成员地区的亚硝酸盐的限量标准.从标准涉及亚硝酸盐在食品中存在的客观性、具体食品种类和限量值3个层面逐级对比.结果表明,我国标准中共有16个有关亚硝酸盐的限量指标,涉及16种食品种类;其中亚硝酸盐为污染物限量指标的有8个,涉及8种食品种类,而CAC标准没有;亚硝酸盐标准为添加剂限量指标的有8种,涉及8种食品种类,CAC标准为5种,涉及5种食品种类,两者共有的有关亚硝酸盐限量指标涉及的食品种类为3种.我国标准涉及的16种食品种类中,13种为我国独有规定限量的食品,总数远多于CAC标准中涉及的食品总数5种;在可比指标范围内,我国的3个限量指标值都严于CAC,与CAC的一致性程度较高.%the maximum levels ofnitrite in food standards between international Codex Alimentarius Commission ( CAC ) and China are compared, the maximum levels of five members from CAC and our county are listed. The natural existence of nitrite in food, categories which has the standards of limitation of Nitrite and maximum levels were analyzed. The comparison shows that China National Standards sets maximum levelsindex of nitrite for 16kinds of food. Among these, nitrite was used as a contaminant index in8 food standards, while CAC does not have, the maximum nitrite content as food additives was listed in eight food standards in China and five in CAC' s. Three types of food has similar maximum levelsof nitrite as a food additive in both CAC and China. China National Standards has set the maximum levelsindex of nitrite for 16 kinds of food, including 13 unique Chinese foodand it is far more than 5 types in CAC food standards. Three maximum levelsof nitrite in China National Standards are lower than those of CAC.

  11. Di Men Dong survey of traditional handmade paper%地扪侗族传统手工造纸调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马颖娜

    2012-01-01

    在贵州地扪侗族手工造纸的调研基础上,对地扪造纸的用途、存留情况及原因、造纸所形成的社会关系及主体感受进行探讨。认为地扪的造纸工艺来源丰富,既有外来工艺的影响,也有本土艺人的适应性传承。%Di Men in Guizhou Dong of handmade paper research, based on field survey. In the arti- cle, the use of Di Men' s paper, the reasons for retention, paper formed the subject of social relations and feelings are discussed. Di Men' s article concluded that a rich source of paper-making process, that the impact of foreign technology, but also the adaptability of local artists heritage.

  12. The Logical Orientation on Dong Zhongshu Filial Piety Ethics%董仲舒孝道伦理观的逻辑向度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴锋

    2012-01-01

      Filial piety ethics is an important part of the philosophy of Dong Zhongshu. Dong Zhongshu proves the rationality of filial piety with the concept of heaven,illustrates the father-son with the Five Elements order,and advocates at the same time that filial piety, an important person value, is the basis of the social stability,and benevolent government should attach importance to the implementation of filial piety. He argues filial piety from the angle of “zhi”, which is its essential connotation, finally puts forward his own contingency theory, and requires people to follow it in humanitarian principles.%  孝道伦理思想是董仲舒哲学中的重要部分。董仲舒以天道论证孝道的合理性,用五行次序来说明父子之序,同时又认为孝悌是社会安定的根本,王道政治要重视孝悌的实施。孝悌是为人之道的重要德行,董子由“志”论孝,强调“志”是孝的本质内涵,最后用经权理论对孝行方法提出自己的权变思想,要求人们在坚守孝道人道主义的原则下变礼守孝。

  13. The Drama Factors of LiaoDong Temptress%论《辽东妖妇》的戏剧因子

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许微维

    2015-01-01

    中国的戏剧起源很早,最迟大约在汉代便已萌芽,经历了近千年的漫长历程终于在宋元时期得以成熟完善,其间出现了很多类似戏剧但又不是真正意义上的戏剧的雏形戏剧——它们具备了一些戏剧的表现形态,包含有某些戏剧因子。《辽东妖妇》就是这样一出雏形戏剧,其中的人物扮演、代言体结构以及游戏戏谑性质都体现出了戏剧的特点。文章将从“扮演人物”“代言体结构”“游戏戏谑”几方面论述《辽东妖妇》的戏剧因子,揭示其在戏剧发展进程中的重要意义。%Chinese drama came into being long time ago, germinating about in Han Dynasty. After experiencing a long history of nearly a thousand years it finally matured in Song and Yuan Dynasties. During that time, there were a lot of prototype dramas which contained a number of manifestations of dramas, including some certain drama factors. The LiaoDong Temptress was such a prototype drama, whose characters, structure and nature of the endorsement game banter body reflected the characteristics of drama. This article, through "character",“endorsement structure" and "game banter", discusses the drama factors of LiaoDong Temptress.

  14. 董仲舒神学化自然观的逻辑进程%Logical Process of Dong Zhongshu’s Theological Views of Nature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    路高学

    2013-01-01

    Confucianism had its significant turning point in the Western Han dynasty. The obvious sign is that Dong Zhongshu combined the socially prevalent"naturalism"with the Confucian"humanism"and formed the unique theological views of nature, namely“unity of heaven and man”and“heaven-man telepathy”. The formation of the views of nature not only has its profound feature of times, but also has some kind of logical inevitability. It was rooted in the general knowledge of “the interaction of the same kind” in nature and the views of “heaven-man telepathy” was inevitably formed with the proof of Dong Zhongshu’s “man and heaven being the same kind”.%儒学到了西汉时期发生了重要的转折,其显著的标志就是董仲舒把当时社会上普遍流行的“自然主义”思想与儒家“人本主义”精神结合起来,形成了独特的“天人合一”“天人感应”的神学化自然观。这种自然观的形成有其深刻的时代性,也有某种逻辑上的必然性。它根源于人们对自然界“同类相动”的普遍认识,经董仲舒“天人同类”的证明,必然形成“天人感应”的认识。

  15. 论董仲舒天论的逻辑理路%On the Inner Structure of Dong Zhongshu′s Tianlun Thoughts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石磊

    2016-01-01

    Dong Zhongshu is a representative of the school of telepathy between heaven and man,and his theory aims at the principle of heaven.His theory,which begins with the heaven giving birth to all lives,including human,then the thought the same constitutions be-tween human and heaven and the principle of things with the same nature seek and respond to one another,and end up of telepathy be-tween heaven and man.Dong constructs a pattern with the same constitutions between heaven and man and interprets the principle in which things with the same nature seek and respond to one another to the telepathy between heaven and man.%董仲舒是天人感应的代表人物,董学以“奉天而法古”为宗旨。在董仲舒的天论中反映了尊天、奉天的思想,从天为人、物之祖,人由天生,发展到天人同类,同类相动,最后归于天人感应。天是人的曾祖父,祭天乃执子礼,尽孝道。天之阴阳与人之善恶二者在本质上是同一的,以阴阳五行为中介实现相互感应。董仲舒构建了一个彻底的天人同类的图景,阐述了同类相动的原理,最终引向天人感应的宿途。

  16. Fresh cut yellow melon (CAC submitted to different type cuts and concentrations of calcion chloride stored under modified passive atmosphereMelão amarelo (CAC minimamente processado submetido a diferentes cortes e concentrações de cloreto de cálcio armazenado em atmosfera modificada passiva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogério Lopes Vieites

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work was to evaluate the quality of yellow melon inodorus Valenciano Amarelo (CAC fresh cut submitted to two cut types and with application postharvest of calcium chloride. After preparation cubes and slices melon were immersed in solution with different calcium chloride (CaCl2 concentrations for two minutes, afterwards they were conditioned in trays of expanded polystyrene (EPS, covered by plastic film of low density polyethylene (PEBD, stored in cold camera to 5°C ±1 and analyzed for 8 days. They were evaluated pH, firmness, tritable acidity (AT, soluble solids (SS sugar reducer and ratio. The pH values varied from 5.27 to 5.68. The sugars reducers content and the ratio were superior in the slices compared to the cubes. The melon slices maintained larger firmness values compared to the cubes and in general there was reduction in the values of this parameter along the storage period for all treatments. Concentrations of 1.0 and 1.5% of CaCl2, result in larger values of firmness. The storage temperature and modified passive atmosphere they contributed to quality maintenance of MP melon. Concentrations of up to 1.0% of CaCl2 they could be recommended to maintain the melon quality MP melon yellow inodorus (CAC.Objetivou-se neste trabalho avaliar a qualidade de melão amarelo inodorus (cultivar Valenciano Amarelo CAC minimamente processado (MP submetido a dois tipos de corte e com aplicação pós-colheita de cloreto de cálcio. Após preparo cubos e fatias de melão foram imersos em solução com diferentes concentrações de cloreto de cálcio (CaCl2 por dois minutos, sendo em seguida acondicionados em bandejas de poliestireno expandido (EPS, revestidas por filme plástico de polietileno de baixa densidade (PEBD, armazenados em câmara fria a 5°C ±1 e analisadas durante 8 dias. Foram avaliados pH, firmeza, acidez titulável (AT, sólidos solúveis (SS, açúcar redutor e ratio. Os valores de pH variaram de 5,27 a 5,68. O teor

  17. 空间•实践•表征:侗族传统民居的象征人类学阐释%Space, practice and representation:Symbolic interpretation for traditional Dong dwelling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵巧艳

    2014-01-01

    针对现有关于侗族传统民居的研究缺乏整体提炼的缺憾,借鉴社会空间理论和实践理论等观点,从象征人类学的视角,系统阐释侗族传统民居的象征内涵。研究发现,侗族传统民居很好地吻合了列斐伏尔的空间演进脉络,是实践基础上的一个表征空间。在侗族传统民居空间意义的形成上,仪式实践扮演着关键的角色。此外,亲属实践、符号实践和秩序实践也有着积极的贡献。综合而言,民居表征的意义最终指向侗族传统文化中自然观、空间观、时间观等多维观念意象,并藉由与民居建造和使用上的宗教-巫术仪式的结合,共同构成了侗族的整体幸福观念表达图式。%In considering of insufficient studies aimed at integrative abstraction for traditional Dong dwelling, the thesis systematically integrated the symbolic connotation of the dwelling from the viewpoint of symbolic anthropology with reference to the theoretic point of social space and practice. The result shows that traditional Dong dwelling fitted well with Lefebvre’s path of spatial evolution, and finally turned into a representational space on the basis of practice. In the forming process of spatial meaning of traditional Dong dwelling, ritual practice played key role. Besides, kinship practice, symbol practice and order practice also had positive contribution. Comprehensively speaking, meaning represented by dwelling ultimately directed to concept of nature, space, time and other multi-dimensional concept image in traditional Dong culture. Through the combination with religious-taboo rituals in building and using of dwelling, the representational meaning of traditional Dong dwelling turned out to be an expression schema of integrative happiness for Dong nationality.

  18. Comparative Analysis of Drug Residue Limits in the Animal Origin Products between China and CAC%我国与CAC动物源性产品中药物残留限量的对比分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程坚

    2015-01-01

    国际食品法典委员会(Codex Alimentarius Commission,简称CAC)承担贸易仲裁的工作,CAC标准体系中制定了较多的产品质量标准,并将动物源性产品中药物残留规定统一到CAC/MRL2.重点对已有限量的动物源性产品中药物种类及残留限量值进行比较,将CAC中CAC/MRL2及我国农业部235号公告附录2中的内容进行比较,以期为今后不断健全和完善我国动物源性产品中药物残留法律法规、标准体系、检测手段,并为提高产品质量及扩大生产出口提供参考.

  19. The General Principles of CAC Code for Animal Health Inspection at Slaughtering Section%CAC关于动物屠宰检疫的通用原则

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于丽萍; 康京丽; 王幼明; 曲志娜; 黄保续

    2015-01-01

    The principles of meat hygiene for primary production,ante-mortem inspection,post-mortem inspection, and the responsibilities of competent authority recommended by the Code of Hygienic Practice for Meat of Codex Alimentarius(CAC) were analyzed. It’s suggested that the term of slaughtering quarantine should be changed to animal slaughtering inspection,the meat standards covering different species and process chains should be drafted,the ante-mortem and post-mortem judgement categories should be clarified,and the meat hygiene inspection mechanism coordinated by official inspector,veterinary inspector,and any personnel not employed by the competent authority to be established in China.%本文分析了食品法典委员会(CAC)《肉品生产卫生法典》关于动物初级生产、宰前监督、宰后监督的有关规定及其建议的主管部门职责,建议我国屠宰管理领域把传统的“屠宰检疫”一词调整为“屠宰卫生监督”一词;结合我国实际情况,建议尽快健全涵盖各畜种、各环节在内的屠宰卫生标准(法典)体系,细化当前屠宰检疫结果的判定类型,并尝试建立官方兽医、签约兽医和企业兽医相互协调的屠宰卫生监督制度。

  20. Dong Wenbiao:banks must break the conventions to serve the people%董文标:银行脱俗才能为人民服务

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李路阳; 李留宇

    2014-01-01

    During the second annual session of the 12th National Committee of the CPPCC, our reporter interviewed Mr. Dong Wenbiao,He is the Chairman of the Board of Directors of China Minsheng Banking. He is also a member of the Standing Committee of the 12th Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) National Committee, and the Vice Chairman of All China Federation of the Industry and Commerce (ACFIC).Mr. Dong Wenbiao submitted 4 proposals about policies supporting small-micro ifnance service, internet finance development, the securitization of credit assets and private capital holding city commercial banks. Mr. Dong Wenbiao talked about his viewpoints about interest rate liberalization, private enterprises going abroad, RMB internationalization and developing small-micro finance and district finance. He said that only if banks broke the conventions of depositing for deposits and loaning for loans can it served for the people really.%在全国政协十二届二次会议期间,《国际融资》杂志独家专访了全国政协常委、全国工商联副主席、中国民生银行(简称:民生银行)董事长董文标先生。董文标先生已连任三届全国政协委员,这次会议,他提交了四个提案,涉猎了小微金融服务政策支持、互联网金融发展、信贷资产证券化、民营资本控股城商行等焦点话题。围绕着这些提案,董文标先生在接受《国际融资》杂志记者采访时,以深入浅出的方式、通俗易懂的语言,回答了记者对互联网金融、中国利率市场化、民营企业“走出去”、人民币国际化、如何发展小微金融和小区金融等话题的提问,并直抒己见。他一针见血地指出:“银行只有改变自己,通过‘脱俗’,即不为存款而存款,不为贷款而贷款,才能真正为人民服务。”

  1. 广西侗族音乐文化进入中小学课堂之尝试%Attempts of Introducing Dong Music Culture into Classes in Primary and Middle Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李漫姬

    2015-01-01

    近年来,中小学生偏爱流行音乐,民族音乐在他们心中的地位越来越微不足道。随着新一轮课程改革的推进,“弘扬民族音乐”成为《音乐课程标准》的十大理念之一。本文将广西侗族音乐文化作为研究对象,分析侗族音乐文化特点以及中小学生的学习音乐心理特征,研究广西侗族音乐文化进入中小学课堂的意义,探讨如何更好更有效地将侗族音乐文化引进中小学课堂。%In recent years, students prefer pop music, and folk music is more insignificant in their minds. With the new round of curriculum reform, promotion of folk music has become one of the Ten Ideas of Music Curriculum Standards. Taking Dong music as the research object, this article analyzes cultural characteristics of Dong music and psychological characteristics of students when studying music, researches into the meaning of Dong music culture in primary and middle schools, and explores how to better and more effectively introduce Dong music culture into the classes in primary and secondary schools.

  2. The Comparison of the Governance between Xun Zi and Dong Zhong-shu%荀子与董仲舒“治道”思想之比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高春菊

    2012-01-01

    荀子、董仲舒的治道思想都是在国家、社会处于转型时期提出来的。两者治道思想的共性与差别在于:在管理本体论上,荀子要求管理者面对自然之天必须发挥主体能动性,而董仲舒认为"天"不仅是宇宙万物的最高本原,也是社会等级秩序和伦理准则的唯一来源;在管理行为观上,两人都继承了经典儒家的管理行为理论,主张为政以德和贤人政治;在管理价值论方面,都认同"不与民争利";在管理人性观方面和管理控制论上,都认为人性可塑、导人为善。%The governace of Xun zi and Dong Zhong-shu are both put forward at the transformation period of the state and society.The similarities and differences of them are: In the perspective of management ontology,Xun Zi required the managers must have subjective initiative when they faced the natural"Tian",but Dong Zhong-shu thought the "Tian" is not only the highest principle of universe,but also the only source of the social rank order and ethical standards;In the perspective of management concept,they inherited the confucian theory of administrative behavior,advocating governing by morality and wisdom politics;In the perspective of management theory of value,they both agreed that "Do not compete with people";In the perspective of human nature and management cybernetics,they both agreed that people could be created and led to be good.

  3. 何为CAC?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    CAC是指国际食品法典委员会(Codex Alimentarius Commission),即政府间有关食品管理法规,标准问题的协调机构,是1961年第十一届粮农组织大会和1963年第十六届世界卫生大会分别通过决议建立的,目前已有165个成员国,覆盖全球98%的人口。CAC工作内容是制定食品法典标准、农药最大残留限量、操作规范和指南。宗旨足保护消费者健康(减少食源性疾病)和促进食品贸易的公平性(建立国际标准、方法、

  4. An Argument on Songs Spread of Romance of the Three Kingdoms in the Northern Area of Dong People%论《三国演义》在侗族北部地区的歌谣传播

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙昭宝

    2013-01-01

      成书于明代的《三国演义》在侗汉文化交流不断深化的过程中,以歌谣的形式在侗族北部地区得到了广泛传播;因语境、媒介、主体的不同,侗语生活世界中的《三国演义》在叙事方式、思想主题、故事情节等方面发生相应的变化,具有表达友情和显示才学的象征意义。《三国演义》题材侗歌深层次体现出了文化融合现象。%  Romance of the Three Kingdoms finished in Ming dynasty was widely spread in the northern area of Dong people in the form of songs in the process of deepening of cultural exchange between Dong and Han people .The narrative way ,the theme and story plots etc .of Romance of the Three Kingdoms change accordingly because of the different language situations ,media and the main body ,which have the symbol meaning of expressing friendship and showing learning .The deepening of Dong songs for Romance of the Three Kingdoms shows the phenomenon of cultural integration .

  5. 董其昌与“南北宗”画论分析%The Analysis of Dong Qichang and the Theory of Southern and Northern Sects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈正俊; 马清越

    2011-01-01

    Dong Qichang is a famous artist,art connoisseur and theorist,who lived in late Ming dynasty,his painting practice and art theory have a significant influence on Chinese painting development.the proposal of southern and northern sects theory make him popular in Chinese painting history,it's very complex when talking about the consequence that the theory bring to us,different people have different view towards this theory.This paper puts the emphasis on the origin and the history significance of southern and northern sects theory,also presents the author's own perspective on the controversy which exists in the art history and the painting theory history fields.%董其昌是明代中后期画坛享有盛名的书画家、美术鉴赏家和理论家,他的绘画实践和绘画理论对中国画的发展影响巨大且深远。但其后人们对这一论断褒贬不一。应将其绘画理论放在特定的历史环境中辩证地分析,以更好地指导中国画的创作。

  6. Improving acoustical characteristics of a Gothic cathedral using simple public address system: A case study of Myeong-dong Cathedral in Seoul, Korea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    In Hwan Hwang

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available In the present study, improving acoustical characteristics of a Gothic cathedral (Myeong-dong Cathedral, which is the first built Western Gothic-style architecture in Korea using simple public address system were investigated. Acoustical measurements were conducted at 11 selected points inside the cathedral and seven acoustical parameters were calculated: sound pressure level (SPL: 64.6 dBA (the measurement value with regard to the omni-directional speaker sound source; 74.5 dBA (the measurement value with regard to the public address speaker sound source, early decay time (EDT: 4.04 s; 3.76 s, reverberation time (RT60: 3.58 s; 3.89 s, clarity (C80: −6.2 dB; −2.8 dB, definition (D50: 18%; 29%, initial time delay gap (ITDG: 47 ms; 23 ms, and rapid speech transmission index (RASTI: 32%; 42%. Parameters showed that the acoustical characteristics of a typical Gothic cathedral include rich reverberation and diffusive sound fields. Meanwhile, there was improved speech intelligibility when using simple public address system. Based on subjective evaluation, there was overall satisfaction with voice and music recognition and the highest satisfaction with clarity with respect to voice recognition and with reverberation with respect to music recognition. This is a good solution of optimized acoustic environment through harmony between natural reverberation and reinforced clarity using simple public address system.

  7. Livelihoods and Land Uses in Environmental Policy Approaches: The Case of PES and REDD+ in the Lam Dong Province of Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leif Tore Trædal

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores assumptions about the drivers of forest cover change in a Payments for Environmental Services (PES and Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+ context in the Lam Dong Province in Vietnam. In policy discourses, deforestation is often linked to ‘poor’ and ‘ethnic minority’ households and their unsustainable practices such as the expansion of coffee production (and other agricultural activities into forest areas. This paper applies a livelihood framework to discuss the links between livelihoods and land use amongst small-scale farmers in two communities. The findings of the livelihood survey demonstrate no clear linkages between poverty levels and unsustainable practices. In fact, the poorest segments were found to deforest the least. The ways in which current PES and REDD+ approaches are designed, do not provide appropriate solutions to address the underlying dimensions of issues at stake. The paper criticizes one-dimensional perspectives of the drivers behind deforestation and forest degradation often found in public policies and discourses. We suggest more comprehensive analyses of underlying factors encompassing the entire coffee production and land use system in this region. Addressing issues of land tenure and the scarcity of productive lands, and generating viable off-farm income alternatives seem to be crucial. Sustainable approaches for reducing deforestation and degradation could be possible through engaging with multiple stakeholders, including the business-oriented households in control of the coffee trade and of land transactions.

  8. Ancient Jing De Zhen Dong He River Basin Kiln and Farmland Land-use Change Based on Cellular Automata and Cultural Algorithm Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu Tao

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to understand how farmland has transformed kiln in ancient Jing De Zhen Dong He River Basin; we created ancient virtual maps of study area and conducted a series of spatial analyses of the land-use pattern from the Yuan Dynasty to the Ming Dynasty. The results of the spatial analysis show that kiln can evolve from farmland, shrub, idle land etc. To simulate land-use change we developed a novel cellular automata model. Model parameters and neighborhood rules were obtained with the cellular automata model melt modified cultural algorithm. Virtual land-use maps from the Yuan Dynasty to the Ming Dynasty were used to implement the model with a time step of one year. Model performance was evaluated using Moran’s I index estimation for selected landscape pattern indices. The optimized parameter set using Particle Swarm Optimization poorly simulated land-use change as compared to the optimized parameter set using Cultural Algorithm. In summary, our results proved that the model is also effective and feasible in simulating farmland and kiln land-use evolution in ancient times when Geographic Information and System information were lacking.

  9. A Lexical Study On the Chinese Translations of Dong-Mun-Yu-Hae%《同文类解》汉译语词研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林毅

    2011-01-01

    Dong-Mun-Yu-Hae is a Chinese-Korean-Manchu trilingual classify vocabulary book edited by the Korean Translation Bureau Sayogwon.Compared with the Korean and Manchu translations,we find that many of the Chinese words in this book reflected the features of the Spoken Han'er Language in Qianlong period in Qing Dynasty.Some of the words even present the unique characteristics of Northeast Dialect.And few words are not the standard expressions which were affected by the mother tongue of Korean editors.%《同文类解》是朝鲜王朝司译院编辑的一部汉—韩—满三语对译分类词汇书。通过对照该书的韩国语、满语对译来考释该书的汉译语词,发现该书大量汉译语词较好地反映清代乾隆年间"汉儿言语"的口语特点,部分语词还呈现出东北方言独有的特质。少量语词是受编著者母语韩国语影响的不规范表达方式。

  10. [Comrade Mao Ze-dong's contribution to Marxist theory on population--in commemoration of the 60th anniversary of the birth of the Chinese Communist Party].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wen, T Z

    1981-07-01

    Is it good or bad to have a large population in China? Comrade Mao Ze-dong said "it is good and it is also bad." Our population is an asset, and we should use this asset and wisdom in our nation's "Four Modernizations" program. On the other hand we should control the population growth and reduce the resulting burden. Marxism recognizes 2 types of production, material production and human production. Both are interrelated, mutually dependent, and beneficial. Comrade Mao criticized concepts and practices that disregard the interrelationship of these 2 types of production. According to Comrade Mao both types of production should be included in the national economic plan, and the proportions of material production and human production should be the basic proportions of our socialistic economic development. Comrade Mao mentioned that population growth should be planned to fit and benefit social development. He suggested establishment of a series of family planning offices or committees to study and implement the family planning program, to develop a longterm plan, to consider the people's wishes in family planning, to meet the people's requirements and desires, to educate people about family planning, and to recommend government funds for the program.

  11. 云南傣族与广西侗族18个STR基因座的遗传多态性%Genetic polymorphisms of 18 STR loci in Dai population of Yunnan and Dong population of Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玮; 孙启凡; 张涛; 王英元; 程宝文; 赵兴春; 李彩霞; 叶健

    2015-01-01

    目的 调查云南傣族和广西侗族无关个体18个STR基因座(D18S51、D21S11、D3S1358、FGA、D8S1179、vWA、CSF1PO、D16S539、D7S820、D13S317、D5S818、D2S1338、D19S433、D12S391、TPOX、TH01、Penta E和D6S1043)的遗传多态性并研究其法医学应用价值. 方法 采用DNA TyperTM 19试剂盒对100名云南傣族和70名广西侗族的无关个体血样进行复合扩增,用遗传分析仪3130XL对扩增产物检测,用GeneMapper ID v3. 2软件进行基因分型,并计算群体遗传学参数. 结果 在100名云南傣族和70名广西侗族的无关个体中,云南傣族共发现185种等位基因,广西侗族共发现162种等位基因. 傣族单个等位基因频率分布在0. 005-0. 600、侗族在0. 007-0. 493;傣族与侗族累计个人识别能力均大于99. 999 999 999 999 999 999 99%.结论 这18个 STR基因座在云南傣族和广西侗族地区具有高度多态性,可满足对这两个群体的个体识别和亲权鉴定.%Objective To investigate the genetic polymorphisms of 18 STR loci(D18S51, D21S11, D3S1358, FGA, D8S1179, vWA, CSF1PO, D16S539, D7S820, D13S317, D5S818, D2S1338, D19S433, D12S391, TPOX, TH01, Penta E and D6S1043) in unre-lated Dai individuals in Yunnan and Dong individuals in Guangxi and to explore its application value in forensic practice. Methods Blood samples from unrelated 100 Dai and 70 Dong individuals were amplified using DNA TyperTM 19 kit. The amplified products were detected using 3130XL Genetic Analyzer, and the genotyping was done using GeneMapper ID v3. 2, and the population genetics param-eters were calculated. Results Of 100 Dai and 70 Dong unrelated individuals, 185 alleles were detected in Dai population and 162 alleles were detected in Dong population. The allele frequency was 0. 005-0. 600 for Dai population and 0. 007-0. 493 for Dong pop-ulation. The TDP of both Dai and Dong population was more than 99. 999 999 999 999 999 999 99%. Conclusion The 18 STR loci in Dai population of Yunnan and

  12. Les systèmes de gestion par la valeur : une analyse de leur impact sur la communication financière des sociétés du CAC 40

    OpenAIRE

    Nabet, Agnès

    2002-01-01

    La lecture des rapports annuels 1998 et 1999 des sociétés du CAC 40, guidée par un dictionnaire des thèmes en rapport avec le gouvernement d’entreprise et la création de valeur, montre l’évolution considérable de la communication financière. Cinq catégories de sociétés supportant une influence actionnariale différente sont distinguées.

  13. Redefining the structure-activity relationships of 2,6-methano-3-benzazocines. Part 8. High affinity ligands for opioid receptors in the picomolar Ki range: oxygenated N-(2-[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-ylethyl) analogues of 8-CAC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wentland, Mark P; Jo, Sunjin; Gargano, Joseph M; VanAlstine, Melissa A; Cohen, Dana J; Bidlack, Jean M

    2012-12-15

    N-[2-(4'-methoxy[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl)ethyl]-8-CAC (1) is a high affinity (K(i)=0.084 nM) ligand for the μ opioid receptor and served as the lead compound for this study. Analogues of 1 were made in hopes of identifying an SAR within a series of oxygenated (distal) phenyl derivatives. A number of new analogues were made having single-digit pM affinity for the μ receptor. The most potent was the 3',4'-methylenedioxy analogue 18 (K(i)=1.6 pM).

  14. 祁东黄花菜多糖的提取及含量测定%Extraction and Determination of Polysaccharides from Daylily of QiDong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周纪东; 李余动

    2015-01-01

    The polysaccharides were extracted in hot water and isolated by ethanol from Daylily of QiDong, then determined. The content of polysaccharides was determined by spectrophotometric method with phenol sulfuric acid as coloring reagent. Based on the results of single factor tests, the optimum parameters of polysaccharides extraction were studied by orthogonal tests. The re-sults showed that the optimal extraction temperature, time, the ratio of liquid to solid and extraction times were 80℃, 3h, 20:1 and 2 times, respectively. Under this extraction method, the average rate of polysaccharides extraction was 28.36%, RSD=2.04%, the average content of polysaccharides was 14.92%, RSD=2.85%, and the average recovery rate was 100.65%, RSD=3.28%.%以祁东黄花菜为原料,采用水提醇沉法提取出黄花菜多糖并进行含量测定。多糖含量测定方法为苯酚-硫酸法。在单因素试验的基础上,通过正交试验确定最佳浸提工艺条件。结果表明,黄花菜多糖最佳浸提条件为液固比20:1,80℃保温3h,浸提2次。按此浸提,多糖平均提取率为28.36%,RSD=2.04%;多糖平均含量为14.92%,RSD=2.85%;平均回收率为100.65%,RSD=3.28%。

  15. DONG Biwu’s Anti-corruption Thought and Its Contemporary Enlightenment%董必武的反腐败思想及其当代价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王胜国

    2013-01-01

      董必武同志在长期领导中共财经和政法工作中,形成了自己独具特色的反腐败思想:必须注意加强财经干部队伍的组织、思想和作风建设;共产党不能变成“商业党”,不能“与民争利”;腐败要坚持“走群众路线”、接受群众监督;惩治腐败离不开法律,也需要“依法办事”。董必武同志的反腐败思想,对我们当代的反腐败斗争具有重要的启迪作用和借鉴价值。%  DONG Biwu develops his own unique anti-corruption thoughts in the long-term Chinese financial, political and legal work. First, attention must be given to strengthening financial cadres’organization, ideology and style construction. Second, the Chinese Communist Party can’t become a“business party”and can’t“compete with people for profits”. Third, to fight against corruption, we must keep adhering to the“mass line”and accept public supervision. Last, corruption can not be separated from the system and must deal with every problem“in accordance with the law”. Dong’s anti-corruption thoughts have an important enlightenment and reference significance to our contemporary anti-corruption struggle.

  16. 董仲舒的思想命题及其当代价值辨析%Dong Zhongshu's Political Thoughts and its Contemporary Value

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴光

    2012-01-01

      董仲舒的政治观,是强调“变革”的辩证发展观,而非强调“不变”的形而上学政治观。董仲舒的政治思想,是在“天人感应目的论”外衣掩盖下的儒家“德治”“爱民”的王道政治传统。其天道观实质上是儒家的德治主义政治观。尤其可贵的是董仲舒提出了“有道伐无道,此天理也”的命题,为历代王朝更替式的政治变革提供了合法性依据,可成为董氏政治定律。其“阳尊阴卑”说,虽然从哲学而言有唯心主义、形而上学倾向,但从政治方面看,则是儒家德治主义的体现。其“王道三纲”说是从阴阳相辅相成的角度谈“君臣、父子、夫妇之义”,与他的“德治”理论完全一致,而后世三纲说则更多地强调臣子妇对君父夫的无条件服从之义,具有更强烈的君主专制倾向,因此不能混为一谈。其“正义不谋利,明道不计功”的“义利观”强调道义高于功利,虽有“重义轻利”倾向,但并非禁欲主义,而其“官不与民争利”说则保护了弱势民众的利益。在这些辨析基础上,从政改、爱民、德治、伐无道、义利之辨等方面论述了董仲舒政治思想的当代价值与时代意义。%  In his political concept, Dong Zhongshu emphasizes"change", a dialectical concept of development, rather than"steadiness", a metaphysical political outlook. Dong’s political view was coated by the“teleology of the interaction between heaven and mankind”, with the political traditional for an emperor to“rule with morality”and“care for the people”. The nature of this heavenly ruled view was actually the political view of moralism from Confucianism. Furthermore, Dong had raised the topic of“the heavenly principle that whoever was righteous could rise and fight against the unrighteous”, which served as a legitimate base for the political revolution in the form of

  17. 广东省东莞市麻涌镇老年人群代谢综合征患病率现况调查%Prevalence study of metabolic syndrome among elder population in Machong town of Dong Guan, Guang Dong province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓爱民; 刘妙; 宋丹丹

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) among elder population in Machong town of DongCuan, GuangDong province in 2010 ~2011. Methods: The cluster randomly sampling was used in this cross-sectional study. Questionnaires, physical examination, blood biochemical detection were used to access data as body mass index, lipid profile, blood glucose and blood pressure. MS was diagnosis according to Chinese Diabetes Society (2004) suggestion-diagnosed standard. Chi-square test was used for data analysis. The prevalence of MS and its influencing factors were analyzed by Multinomial Logistic regression analysis. Results: Among 2003 elder people, the level of body mass index and high density lipoprotein cholesterol were higher in female compared with male; the prevalence of MS was 19. 1% , and the standardized prevalence was 19. 3%. There was no significant difference among groups of different age and gender. The prevalence of hypertension was the highest among MS, whereas overweight and obesity was the most important influencing factors related with MS. Conclusion: The prevalence of MS in Machong town of DongCuan elder population isn't high. Overweight or and besity are the most important risk factors of MS, and the age of incidence is younger. Therefore healthy lifestyle education should be carried out in adults as early as possible, and more attention should be paid on monitoring body weight and abdominal circumference.%目的:调查2010-2011年广东省东莞市麻涌镇老年人群代谢综合征(MS)及其诊断标准中各组分患病率及对MS影响情况.方法:采用整群随机抽样法,以调查问卷、体格检查、血生化检测方式收集BMI、血脂、血糖、血压等数据,以中华医学会糖尿病学分会2004年建议的诊断标准分析患病率.应用卡方检验进行率的比较,并对MS各组分行多元Logistic回归分析.结果:2003名65岁以上老年人中,女性的BMI和HDL-C高于男性;MS患病率为19.1

  18. Proving the Orbits of the Galilean Moons Through Astrophotography. (Spanish Title: Comprobando Las Órbitas de Las Lunas Galileanas a Través de la Astrofotografía.) Evidenciando as Órbitas das Luas Galileanas Atravéd da Astrofotografia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iachel, Gustavo

    2009-12-01

    An activity related to the observation of the Galilean moons and to amateur astrophotography is presented in this work. Through the reading of excerpts of the book Sidereus Nuncius (Sidereal Messenger), by Galileo, it is possible to trace a methodology to observe the planet and its natural satellites and, with the aid of the astrophotography, to analyze the field recordings. Moreover, it is possible to compare the images obtained after plotting the relative positions of these moons to prove their orbits. This activity can be conducted by teachers, students and amateur astronomers, in order to develop their capabilities of observation of astronomical phenomena. Se presenta en este trabajo una actividad relacionada a la observación de las lunas Galileanas y a la astrofotografía amateur. A través de la lectura de tramos de la obra Sidereus Nuncius (El Mensajero Sideral) de Galileo, es posible trazar una metodología para la observación del planeta y de sus satélites naturales y, con el auxilio de la astrofotografía, analizar las anotaciones de campo. Además, es posible comparar las imágenes obtenidas con el gráfico de las posiciones relativas de estas lunas para comprobar sus órbitas. Esa actividad puede ser realizada por maestros, estudiantes y astrónomos amateurs, de forma a desarrollar sus capacidades de observación de los fenómenos astronómicos. Uma atividade relacionada à observação das luas Galileanas e à astrofotografia amadora é apresentada neste trabalho. Através da leitura de trechos da obra Sidereus Nuncius (Mensageiro Sideral), de Galileu, é possível traçar uma metodologia para a observação do planeta e de seus satélites naturais e, com o auxílio da astrofotografia, analisar as anotações de campo. Além disso, é possível comparar as imagens obtidas com o gráfico das posições relativas destas luas para evidenciar suas órbitas. Essa atividade pode ser realizada por professores, estudantes e astrônomos amadores, de forma a

  19. 动易内容管理系统在图书馆网站建设中的应用%The Application of DongYi Content Management System in Library Website Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿麒麟; 周雨

    2011-01-01

    本文首先介绍了建设图书馆网站的重要性及作用,其次结合笔者的建站经历介绍了动易内容管理系统在网站建设中的强大功能及应用。%The paper firstly introduced the importance of construction web site in library, Secondly, based on the experience of construction web site giving the powerful function and application.of DongYi content management system in the construction of website.

  20. On the Metaphysical Basis and Modern Interpretation of Dong Zhongshu’s Political Philosophy%董仲舒政治哲学的形上基础及其现代诠释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    成中英

    2015-01-01

    The research on Dong Zhongshu should start with his achievements on historical philosophy in integrating, inheriting, studying and annotating Confucian classics and observe their central propositions. Dong Zhongshu’s thought does not totally depend on political facts of the Han Dynasty but on Confucianism and the philosophers in the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States. He put forward the theory of “telepathy between heaven and man” based on Spring and Autumn as well as The Annals of Spring and Autumn. His Confucian thoughts originated from the theories of The Book of Change, The Book of History, The Annals of Spring and Autumn and different schools in Pre-qin Period. Besides, during the reign of Emperor Wu of the Western Han Dynasty, there was a realistic demand in political change and the government wanted to transform from being inactive to being enterprising, which is the basis for the formation of Dong Zhongshu’s thought. Dong Zhongshu’s political philosophy has not only metaphysical basis but also modern interpretation. It can be called as the management system of modern ecology.%对董仲舒的研究应从对他整合、继承、研究、注解儒学经典的历史哲学成果入手,体察其中心命题。董仲舒的思想不完全依赖汉代政治事实而定,其另有儒学及诸子之学所本。董仲舒在《春秋》经与《公羊传》的基础上提出了“天人感应”理论。其在儒学内部的思想渊源包括易学、尚书学、春秋公羊学,还综合了先秦的各家学说。同时,西汉进入汉武帝时期,政治变革已然有了现实需求,政府意欲从无为清静转变为有为进取,这是董仲舒思想形成的基础。董仲舒的政治哲学,不但具备形而上学的基础,还有其现代诠释,是具有现代生态化的管理体系。

  1. Exhibition Highlights Development of Human Rights in China——An interview with Professor Dong Yunhu, vice-president and secretary-general of China Society for Human Rights Studies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    OUR STAFF REPORTER

    2007-01-01

    @@ EDITOR'S NOTE: An exhibition on human rights in China was held in the Cultural Palace of Ethnic Groups, Beijing, November 17-26, 2006,jointly by the Information Office of the State Council, China Society for Human Rights Studies (CSHRS) and China Human Rights Development Fund. The exhibition attracted more than 10,000 visitors from in and outside the country and aroused much media attention. Following is an interview by our reporter with Prof. Dong Yunhu, vice-president and secretary-general of the CSHRS, on the exhibition.

  2. 东风EQ1166G车制动系统介绍及常见故障排除%Introduction of DongFeng EQ1166G brake system and its common trouble shooting.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋显斌; 王涛

    2001-01-01

    介绍了EQ1166G车制动系统部分制动阀类的功用,针对制动系统较容易出现的故障,进行分析判断,找出引起故障的原因,结合实际提出故障排除的具体方法。%Use of brake valves for brake system in DongFeng EQ1166G isintroduced and its common troubles are analyzed、 diagnosed and removed

  3. Acculturation and Transformation:Immigration and Wu Yue,Guan Dong Regional Wushu Cul ture%涵化与蜕变:移民与吴越、关东地域武术文化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁丽萍; 徐烈

    2015-01-01

    Based on the perspective of cultural acculturation theory ,with basic theory and meth‐od of culture ,history as research method ,the effect of immigration flows on evolution of Wu Yue and Guan Dong wushu culture in historical period as the main research object ,this paper aimed to reveal the phenomenon of North and South China wushu culture and its reasons by comparison .The study concluded that 1 ) From the migration time ,Wu Yue region has the characteristics of early contact time and long term acculturation by Han immigrants culture compared with Guan Dong region .2 ) Migration properties comparison of Wu Yue and Guan Dong region ,one is in the advantage of the elite culture ,the other is the underlying non elite culture group .3) Migration time and characteristics of immigrants make acculturation degree of Wu Yue regional wushu culture different from the Guan Dong region ,thus forming a regional Wushu culture phenomenon of “South is Wen and North is Wu” .%从文化涵化理论视角出发,运用文化学、史学的基本理论与方法,以历史时期中吴越、关东地域发生的移民流动而引起的该地域武术文化的演变为主要研究对象,通过比较以期揭示中国武术文化的南北现象及其形成之因。研究认为,从移民迁移时间来看,吴越与关东地域相比,受到汉族移民文化的涵化具有接触时间早、持续时间长的特征。从移民性质来看,吴越与关东地域相比,一种是居于优势的上层精英文化群体,一种是底层的非精英文化群体。移民的迁移时间和性质使吴越地域武术文化的涵化程度异于关东地域,从而形成了“南文北武”的地域武术文化现象。

  4. 298例侗族妊娠期高血压疾病相关因素分析%Analysis of the Related Risk Factors of Gestational Hypertension in 298 Dong Minority Women

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧海燕

    2013-01-01

    [目的]分析侗族妊娠期高血压疾病(HDCP)患者发病的相关因素,探讨降低 HDCP 发生率的防控措施。[方法]对298例侗族女性 HDCP 患者的临床资料包括患者的年龄、文化程度、妊娠首次血压增高出现的孕周分布和血清生化指标进行分析。[结果]本县侗族女性 HDCP 的发生率为14.75%,年龄小于20岁,大于35岁者和文化程度低者其发生率高。妊娠首次血压增高的孕周越小,子痫前期发生率越高(P <0.05)。[结论]针对相关因素,加强对侗族妇女 HDCP 的防控在少数民族地区应予重视。%[Objective]To analyze the related risk factors of 298 Dong minority patients with gestational hypertension,and to explore the methods and measures to reduce the incidence of gestational hypertension .[Methods]A total of 298 Dong minority patients with gestational hypertension were enrolled.Clinical data such as age,education level,gestational week distribution at the first onset of high blood pressure during the pregnancy and serum level of biochemical indexes were analyzed.[Results]The incidence of gestational hyper-tension among Dong minority women in our county was 14.75%.The women with the age lower than 20 years old and more than 35 years old and low educational level had high incidence.The smaller the gestational weeks at the first onset of high blood pressure during pregnancy,the higher the incidence of preeclampsia(P <0.05).[Conclusion]To aim directly at the related risk factors,strengthening the prevention and control of gestational hypertension in Dong minority women should be paid more attention in minority area.

  5. Effect of Jian-Pi-Zhi-Dong Decoction on striatal glutamate and γ-aminobutyric acid levels detected using microdialysis in a rat model of Tourette syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang W

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Wen Zhang,1,* Li Wei,2,* Wenjing Yu,1 Xia Cui,1 Xiaofang Liu,2 Qian Wang,1 Sumei Wang2 1Department of Pediatrics, The Third Affiliated Hospital, 2Department of Pediatrics, Dongfang Hospital, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Jian-Pi-Zhi-Dong Decoction (JPZDD is a dedicated treatment of Tourette syndrome (TS. The balance of neurotransmitters in the cortico-striato-pallido-thalamo-cortical network is crucial to the occurrence of TS and related to its severity. This study evaluated the effect of JPZDD on glutamate (Glu and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA and their receptors in a TS rat model.Materials and methods: Rats were divided into four groups (n=12 each. TS was induced in three of the groups by injecting them with 3,3'-iminodipropionitrile for 7 consecutive days. Two model groups were treated with tiapride (Tia or JPZDD, while the control and the remaining model group were gavaged with saline. Behavior was assessed by stereotypic score and autonomic activity. Striatal Glu and GABA contents were detected using microdialysis. Expressions of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor 1 and GABAA receptor (GABAAR were observed using Western blot and real-time polymerase chain reaction.Results: Tia and JPZDD groups had decreased stereotypy compared with model rats; however, the JPZDD group showed a larger decrease in stereotypy than the Tia group at a 4-week time point. In a spontaneous activity test, the total distance of the JPZDD and Tia groups was significantly decreased compared with the model group. The Glu levels of the model group were higher than the control group and decreased with Tia or JPZDD treatment. The GABA level was higher in the model group than the control group. Expressions of GABAAR protein in the model group were higher than in the control group. Treatment with Tia or JPZDD reduced the expression of GABAAR protein. In the case of the m

  6. 观念的自然——论董仲舒的神学宇宙图式%Presentational Nature: on Dong Zhongshu' s Theology Universal Schema

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘敏

    2012-01-01

    董仲舒褪去战国以来阴阳五行观念的感性具体内涵,由天赋予其情感化、伦理化的色彩,使之蛮横地越过自然概念的边界,成为建构具有神圣合法依据的,包揽从精神到物质、从人事到自然的统一的相互联系的和彼此影响的遵循“天”意的一体化世界的纲领性概念。这个以天地为轮廓、五行为间架、阴阳为运行于其中的两种力量的宇宙图式,目的不是认识自然把握自然,它精细地梳理人与社会、人与人、人与自然的关系,厘定现实世界的君臣、夫妇、父子、长幼、尊阜秩序,让张扬道德理想的先秦原始儒学成为可践履的政治哲学。%Dong Zhongshu cast off the perceptual specific connotation of yin - yang and five elements from Warring States. He endows it with emotion and ethics, surmounts the boundary of natural concept, and forms programmatic concept which is sacred and legal, including the unified, mutual, influencing and abiding by providence international integration from spirit to material, from human events to nature. This kind of universal schema doesn' t intend to get to know and grasp nature, it subtly makes clear the relations between people and society, people to people, people and nature, the order of monarch and official, husband and wife, father and son, elders and young, senior and humble in reality. It makes the pre - Qin days original Confucianism which displays moral ideal become practical political philosophy.

  7. Research of Emergency linkage mechanism of DongYing city to deal with the network of public opinion%东营市应对网络舆情的联动应急机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱荣; 王学红

    2014-01-01

    论文在分析了网络舆情危机的成因、特点及演化等问题的基础上,进一步分析东营市地方政府应对网络舆情危机不恰当的因素。从而提出应该构建应对网络舆情危机的应急机制体系,提升东营市地方政府对网络舆情危机的掌控能力与应对能力。%On the basis of analyzing the problems, such as the causes, characteristics and evolution network public opinion crisis, this paper further analyzes the inappropriate factors of the DongYing city local government to deal with the network public opinion crisis. Then an emergency mechanism system to deal with network public opinion crisis is proposed, so as to enhance DongYing city local government's ability to control and response network public opinion crisis.

  8. DNA sequence analysis proves Hb M-Milwaukee-2 is due to beta-globin gene codon 92 (CAC-->TAC), the presumed mutation of Hb M-Hyde Park and Hb M-Akita.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutt, P J; Pisciotta, A V; Fairbanks, V F; Thibodeau, S N; Green, M M

    1998-01-01

    Among the causes of congenital methemoglobinemia, Hb M-Milwaukee-2 was one of the earliest described, in a patient who also had Hb E trait. The structure of Hb M-Milwaukee-2 has been elusive. DNA sequence analysis, as here reported, proves that this hemoglobin variant is due to the mutation CAC-->TAC at codon 92 of the beta-globin gene, corresponding to the substitution of tyrosine for histidine. This mutation is identical with that presumed to be the cause of Hb M-Hyde Park and Hb M-Akita. In addition, the DNA mutation of Hb E, GAG-->AAG at codon 26, was confirmed in this case.

  9. Reform and Integration:Dong Zhongshu’s Governance Thought%更化与整合--董仲舒的治道思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩星

    2015-01-01

    Dong Zhongshu’s thought from various sources was integrated and built into a broad and profound ideological system. Through reflecting on Zhou Dynasty and Qin Dynasty, criticizing Huang Lao’s political policy and the disadvantage of “Han’s inheriting Qin’s system”, he put forward the reform of reviving ancient ways to solve the governance crisis of Western Han Dynasty. Integrating the various governance idea at the beginning of the Han Dynasty, he completed the construcion of main governance mode, that is, combining kingly way of government with overbearing governance, putting kingly way of government first and taking overbearing governance as supplement. He describes the basic principles of the kingly way of both virtue and punishment, virtue as yang and punishment as yin, giving consideration to both yin and yang, virtue as the first and punishment as the supplement. Based on Spring and Autumn, in political practice, he proposed to introduce Confucianism into laws, apply both etiquette and law, and use etiquette to govern law. Contemporary Chinese society is facing the crisis of governance, so attention should be paid to the development and application of the Confucianist governace resources, reviving the old ways of Confucianist etiquette governance and combining virtue governance and law governance to promote the modernization of the governance system and governace ability of our country.%董仲舒思想来源多元,经过整合构建了博大精深的思想体系。反思周秦,批判黄老政治和“汉承秦制”积弊,提出复古更化,以解决西汉治理危机。对汉初各家治道思想进行整合,完成了王霸结合,以王道为主,霸道为辅的主体治理模式构建。阐述了王道统治德刑兼用、阳德阴刑、阴兼于阳、德主刑辅的基本原则。以《春秋》为基础,在政治实践上提出引礼入法、礼法并用、以礼主法。当代中国面临社会治理危机,应重视对儒家

  10. 董氏指压法治疗小儿厌食症100例临床观察%Clinical observation on 100 cases of infantile anorexia treated by Dong's finger-pressure method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋辰斐; 宣小平; 夏以琳

    2015-01-01

    [目的]验证董氏指压法对小儿厌食症的临床疗效.[方法]采用随机对照观察方法,将100例厌食患儿随机分为治疗组和对照组,每组50例.指压组采用董氏指压法配合健胃消食口服液治疗,对照组单纯服用健胃消食口服液.治疗3周后观察患儿治疗前后厌食症状和唾液淀粉酶含量变化情况.[结果] 指压组总有效率高于对照组(P<0.05),治疗后患儿在食欲、食量、进食速度、偏食挑食等方面均有改善(P<0.05),唾液淀粉酶含量提高(P<0.05).[结论]"董氏指压法"治疗小儿厌食症疗效确切,值得推广.%[Objective] To observe the clinical effect of Dong's finger-pressure method on infantile anorexia.[Methods] The 100 infants were randomly divided into treatment group and control group, with 50 cases in each group. Treatment group was treated with Dong's finger-pressure method, with Jianweixiaoshi oral liquid. And the control group was only treated with Jianweixiaoshi oral liquid without any additional treatment. Three weeks later, the effect of treatment was evaluated by comparing symptoms of anorexia and salivary amylase level. [Results] The results showed that the effect of the treatment group was better than that in control group (P<0.05). The treatment group had a advantage in terms of the symptoms of appetite, capacity for eating, eating speed, partiality for a particular kind of food and salivary amylase level (P<0.05). [Conclusion] Dong's finger-pressure method has a significant advantage than normal treatment on infantile anorexia. Altogether, this method is worthy of being recommended in the treatment of infantile anorexia.

  11. An Analysis of the Female Revenge Mode in Dong Libo's Mixiang%董立勃小说《米香》中女性复仇模式分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张凡; 董新颖

    2011-01-01

    Dong Libo, a writer who has blazing writing styles and takes root in the western fields Xiayedi. He, from a unique perspective, narrates different stories about the lives of Song Lan and Mixiang. Song Lan, a girl from Shanghai, is raped and then forced to get married, and eventually becomes a typical example who joins the frontier construction. Mixiang, a girl who comes from southern China, persistently seeks for true love, loses and indulges herself and finally disappeares from the sight of the world. Dong Libo, in poetic language, reveals with passion the tough life of young girls who go to the Xiayedi, who were goodhearted, innocent, sincere, and daring to love and hate. Following young ladies" choices of love and hate, good and evil, hope and resistance, sincereness and betrayal, Dong Libo shows his rational thinking in life and times. Based on the meaning of female revenge, Mixiang is not only a sad melody of hate, but also a sorrowful tune of love.%作家董立勃把炽热的笔触深深地扎在西部边地“下野地”,以其特有的视角叙述了上海姑娘宋兰从遭受强奸、被逼下嫁到最终成为支边典型和江南少女米香从执着追求真爱、迷失自我、放纵报复到最终不知去向的不同的生命故事。董立勃用诗化的语言与激情畅快淋漓地向人们展示了生活在“下野地”的年轻女性善良纯情、大胆真诚、敢爱敢恨的生命韧度,从她们对爱与恨、善良与罪恶、希望与反抗、真诚与背叛的苦难抉择中彰显了作家对生命、对人生、对时代的理性思考。从女性复仇的意义上来说,《米香》是恨的悲歌,也是爱的哀曲。

  12. 壮侗语数量名结构语序探析%The Order of Numeral + Claasifier +Noun Structure of the Zhuang-Dong Language Family

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程博

    2012-01-01

    多数壮侗语数量名结构语序不同程度地受到汉语影响,然而不同语言呈现出不同的演变阶段,这是受汉语影响程度不同所致。基于语言接触研究视角,壮侗语数量名结构的演变和变异有三个阶段:傣语、泰语、老挝语的名-数-量结构处于"未变"状态,是壮侗语数量名结构的固有语序;临高语名-数-量与数-量-名结构并存,处于"在变"状态,是数量名结构演变中的过渡阶段;而其他多数壮侗语的数-量-名结构则处于"已变"状态,是其与汉语接触发生演变后的产物。%In the Zhuang-Dong language family, the order of Numeral + Classifier + Noun structure is influenced by Chinese in various degrees. However, different languages exhibit different evolution stages due to different degree of Chinese influence. From the perspective of language contact, there are three stages in evolution and variation of the Num + CL + N structure in Zhuang-Dong language : 1 ) the "unchanged" stage of the N-Num-CL structure in Dai, Thai and Lao languages; 2) the "changing" stage of the Num-CL-N and N- Num-CL structures in Lingao language ; and 3) the "changed" stage of the Num-CL-N structure in most other Zhuang-Dong languages as the evolution product of the contact with Chinese.

  13. 文字是肉做的——论董桥的散文风格%Character Is Full of Flesh and Blood——A Discuss of the Style of Essays of Dong Qiao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王映霞

    2011-01-01

    董桥的性格,经历、学养和他所处的文化环境造就了其散文的独特风格,重视对语言的雕琢却追求自然;文章富于趣味性,语言幽默,比喻精妙;形成文白杂糅,中英相间,亦雅亦俗的杂语语言特色。%Dong Qiao′s disposition,experience,the knowledge and the cultural environment surrounding had brought up the individual style of his essays.Devoting language refining while targeting on natural style,his essays are rich of interesting,humor language,subtlety metaphor,form a formal-plain mixed,Chinese-English mixed and noble-popular mixed figurative mix-up language characteristic.

  14. Outline of LI Dong-yuan's Academic Thinking on Advocating the Application of "Wind Medicine"%李东垣倡风药应用学术思想述要

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张真全

    2012-01-01

    The history of using "wind medicine" was briefly elaborated through studying literature, especially Li Dong-yucai's academic thinking on using wind medicine was emphatically pointed out, in which he stresses primordial Qi, advocating the acquired constitution (spleen) nourishes the congenital one (kidney); stresses the spleen and stomach, advocating to invigorate the middle with the drugs of sweet and warm nature; stresses descending and ascending, advocating ShaoYang governs sprout and growth; stresses wind medicine, advocating wind medicine ascending Yang.%从文献角度梳理了"风药"使用的历史,重点阐述了金元四大家之一的李东垣重视风药应用的学术思想:重元气,倡后天养先天;重脾胃,倡甘温补中;重升降,倡少阳生发;重风药,倡风药升阳.

  15. 人类学视野下的“乡村牧歌”——以侗寨村落为例%The "Rural Idyll" in the Perspective of Anthropology --Taking a Dong Village as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈茜

    2011-01-01

    “乡村牧歌”是文化人类学的关键概念之一。与城市生活相比,它是一种自然、和谐、简单的乡村生活方式。文章以侗寨村落为例,对以“乡村牧歌”为主要生活方式的文化作了初浅的探讨和反思。%The "rural idyll" is one of the key concepts of cultural anthropology. In comparison to the city life, it is a natural, harmonious, simple style of the country life. The present paper takes a Dong village as an example, conducting an initial exploration and rethinking of the culture with the " rural idyll" as its main life style.

  16. An Investigation on the Customs of Mid-autumn Festival by Dong People in Sanjiang County,Guangxi%广西三江县侗族中秋节习俗调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林安宁

    2015-01-01

    三江县侗族的中秋节是家庭团聚的日子,也是村寨、宗族交往和民族交流的日子。鱼宴、秋社和斗牛活动有利于团结乡邻、加强宗亲和民族交往。由于年轻人外流,传统的大型的男女交往活动“月也”在中秋节期间日趋衰落。侗族人着力以旅游开发促进传统文化的保护与宣传,它对民族文化传承带来的影响,目前尚难作出全面评估。%In Sanjiang county ,Dong People’s Mid‐autumn Festival is a day when the family gets together and also a day w hen people of the clan ,the villages and even different nationalities get to‐gether and communicate with each other .Fish feast ,autumn market and bull fighting help strengthen the union of the villagers and the communication among clans and different nationalities .Because local young people leave for cities ,“Moon Night Dating” ,an important traditional day for young people to date during mid‐autumn festival ,is fading away .Dong people are trying their best to protect and pub‐licize their traditional culture by developing tourism which has some effect on the inheritance of the national culture ,but is still difficult to make a total evaluation .

  17. Late Jurassic adakitic granodiorite in the Dong Co area, northern Tibet: Implications for subduction of the Bangong-Nujiang oceanic lithosphere and related accretion of the Southern Qiangtang terrane

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Jian-Jun; Li, Cai; Wu, Hao; Zhang, Tian-Yu; Wang, Ming; Chen, Jing-Wen; Xu, Jian-Xin

    2016-11-01

    In this paper we present new major and trace element chemical data, zircon U-Pb age data, and zircon Hf isotopic compositions for the Dong Co granodiorites (DGs) that were emplaced directly in the Dong Co ophiolites (DOs) in the middle segment of the Bangong-Nujiang suture zone (BNSZ), northern Tibet. We use these new data to discuss the genesis of the DGs and implications for the evolution of the region. The DGs have high contents of SiO2, Al2O3, Na2O, and Sr, high values of Mg#, low contents of Yb and Y, and markedly high Sr/Y ratios, indicating an adakitic affinity, and we show that they were derived from the partial melting of subducted oceanic crust. The DGs contain large numbers of inherited zircons that have similar shapes and peak ages to the detrital zircons in the accretionary wedge graywackes that surround the DGs, suggesting that many of these sediments were assimilated during the formation of the DGs. Five DG samples yield the youngest zircon U-Pb ages of 155-160 Ma, indicating that the DGs formed during the Late Jurassic. Based on the present results and regional geological data, we infer that the Bangong-Nujiang oceanic lithosphere was subducted northwards beneath the Southern Qiangtang terrane during the formation of a continental arc system during the Late Jurassic. The Bangong-Nujiang oceanic lithosphere retreated rapidly after its initial subduction, and the Southern Qiangtang terrane to the north of the Bangong-Nujiang Ocean acquired a massive amount of new oceanic material in the form of an accretionary wedge. This wedge, which included the DOs and the Mugagangri Group, became sufficiently large (both in size and width) for arc-type magmas (DGs) to develop within it during the Late Jurassic.

  18. Discussion on Dong's Pipa Song Social Functions and Aesthetic Culture Characteristic%论侗族琵琶歌的社会功能及其审美文化特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张贵华

    2012-01-01

    流行在贵州黎平、榕江、从江一带的侗族琵琶歌,不仅具有独特的演唱形式和清新优美的旋律,同时也具有丰富的文化内涵。以民族音乐学、美学理论为指导,探讨侗族琵琶歌功能的多形态、多层次特点,并在此基础上对其主要审美文化特征加以论述,即歌、乐结合的艺术形式;真、善、和谐为美的内容;真假声演唱的独特技巧,以期引起更多同仁的关注。%Dong lute songs are popular from the vicinity of Liping,Rongjiang and Congjiang in Guizhou,not only sing in the unique and fresh with beautiful melodies,but also has a rich cultural connotations.Ethnomusicology,aesthetic theory as a guide to explore the function of the form of Dong lute songs,the characteristics of multi-level,and on this basis,its main aesthetic cultural characteristics to be addressed,namely the combination of song,music art form;true,good and harmonious beauty of content;unique falsetto singing skills in order to arouse the concern of more colleagues.

  19. 湖南通道县侗族村寨风水林树种资源调查%Investigation of Tree Species Resources in Feng-shui Forests of Dong Villages in Tongdao County,Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴和意; 李屈强; 朱大兴; 肖际亮; 陆安信; 杨昌知; 杨昌岩

    2014-01-01

    指出了侗族先民们把聚居村寨周围的古树林木封为“风水林”,风水林内任何人都不许砍伐林木,不许开垦,不许放牧,这种保护风水林中古树林木的习俗一直流传至今。对保存较完整的几片风水林中的树种资源进行了调查,发现风水林中的树种资源较丰富,有些属国家重点保护的珍稀濒危树种,对于保护和研究珍稀树种具有较大价值。%The ancestors of Dong people regarded the ancent trees around their villages as Feng -shui forests ,and nobody is allowed to cut down trees ,reclaim and graze in the Feng-shui forests .Such custom of protecting ancient trees in the Feng -shui forests has been maintained in the Dong communities till now .The article investigates tree species in some Feng -shui forests which have been well-protected and finds that there are abundant tree species in the Feng -shui forests ,in which some are rare and endangered species in the national protected species list .The rare tree species are valuable for conservation and further studies .

  20. The Position of Dong Yu Zheng Gui in the History of Japanese Education in China%《东语正规》在中国日语教育史上的意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲜明

    2011-01-01

    《东语正规》是中国日语教育史上具有划时代意义的一部教材。与此前中国人编写的日语教材仅仅收录日语单词和日常用语相比,《东语正规》详细讲解了日语的语音和语法,对日语的品词进行了细致的划分,标志着中国人的日语学习开始逐渐走向科学和系统。从该书使用的语言学术语来看,该书既参考了当时日语语法书的术语,也借鉴并使用了中国传统语言学的术语来解释相关日语语言现象。%Dong Yu Zheng Gui was an epoch-making textbook in the history of Japanese education in China. Compared with the former Japanese textbook composed by Chinese authors, Dong Yu Zheng Gui gave a detailed description of the phonetics and grammar of Japanese and explained the parts of speech in Japanese in great detail to the Chinese, which indicates that the Chinese had begun to learn Japanese in a scientific and systematic way. From the perspective of the linguistic terminologies in this textbook, we can discover that not only the terminologies in Japanese grammar books at that time but also the terminologies of traditional Chinese were used to explain some linguistic phenomena in Japanese.

  1. 碳化法原位成盐包膜提高CAC稳定性的研究%Study On Increasing the Stability of CAC with Carbonation Forming Salt In Situ Coating

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈俐娟; 陈天朗

    2000-01-01

    对无水氯化钙与液氨的反应产物(简称CAC)的稳定性进行了研究,提出了改进CAC稳定性新技术-碳化法原位成盐包膜技术.研究表明:碳化法原位成盐包膜可以较好地提高CAC的稳定性.包膜CAC的最佳条件是:当CAC呈膏状且不流动时通以流速为120mL/min的CO23~5min对CAC进行微粒包膜,经造粒后进行大颗粒二次包膜.二次包膜后的CAC在25~ 35℃范围可以较稳定存在,且包膜后的CAC含氮量可以稳定在31%以上.大颗粒包膜CAC对其稳定性的增强更有利.

  2. The celiac axis compression syndrome (CACS): critical review in the laparoscopic era Síndrome de compresión del tronco celiaco: Revisión crítica en la era de la cirugía laparoscópica

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    The celiac axis compression syndrome (CACS) due to median arcuate ligament (MAL) was first described by Harjola in 1963; originating postpandrial abdominal pain, weight loss, epigastric bruit and celiac axis stenosis > 75% in angiographic studies. This clinical condition has been the origin of controversies about its pathogenesis, diagnosis and its long term clinical results. Advances in diagnostic imaging as 64 multidetector-row CT (MDCT), 3-D reconstruction, magnetic resonance (MR) and colo...

  3. Providing Meaningful Learning for Students of the Sixth Grade of Middle School: a Study on the Moon Phases. (Breton Title: Propiciando Aprendizagem Significativa Para Alunos do Sexto Ano do Ensino Fundamental: um Estudo sobre as Fases da Lua.) Propiciando el Aprendizaje Significativo Para Alumnos del Sexto Nivel de la Educación General Básica: un Estudio sobre Las Fases de la Luna

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darroz, Luiz Marcelo; Samudio Pérez, Carlos Ariel; da Rosa, Cleci Werner; Heineck, Renato

    2012-07-01

    We relate in this article a didactic experience studying the moon phases with a group of middle school students of a private school of the municipality of Passo Fundo, RS. Based on David Ausubel's Meaningful Learning Theory, we have sought to develop a proposal following a didactic model which simulates the phases of the Moon, as based on the previous conceptions of the students. The signs of learning were evidenced by means of memory registries of the activity. From the obtained results we believe that the proposal achieved its goals, since the students were able to identify, differentiate and transfer the phenomenon of the moon phases to new contexts. Thus, it is concluded that a methodology focused on a meaningful content for the students is fundamental to the construction and genuine grasping of what is being learned. Neste artigo, relata-se uma experiência didática de estudo das fases da Lua com uma turma do 6° ano do Ensino Fundamental, de uma escola privada do município de Passo Fundo, RS. Tendo como fundamentação teórica a Teoria da Aprendizagem Significativa de David Ausubel, buscou-se desenvolver a proposta a partir de um modelo didático que simula as fases da Lua e com base nas concepções prévias dos estudantes. Os indícios da aprendizagem foram constatados através de registros de memórias da atividade. Pelos resultados apresentados, acredita-se que a proposta alcançou seus objetivos, uma vez que os estudantes conseguiram identificar, diferenciar e transferir o fenômeno das fases da Lua para novos contextos. Assim, conclui-se que uma metodologia com enfoque em um conteúdo significativo ao estudante é fundamental para a construção e compreensão genuína do que está sendo aprendido. En este artículo se relata una experiencia didáctica de estudio de las fases de la Luna con una clase de 6º año de la educación general básica de una escuela privada del municipio de Passo Fundo, RS. Teniendo como fundamentación teórica la Teor

  4. 我国与国际食品法典委员会(CAC)食品中兽药最大残留限量标准的对比分析%Comparison and analysis study on standards of veterinary drugs maximum residue limits in food between codex alimentarius commission and China national standards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    国焕新; 云振宇

    2008-01-01

    对比分析我国与国际食品法典委员会(CAC)食品中兽药最大残留限量标准的异同.从标准涉及的兽药种类、具体食品种类、残留限量值三个层面逐级对比.结果表明我国标准涉及的兽药种类为217种,CAC标准为57种.二者相同的兽药种类42种;我国标准在残留具体食品动物的种类与数量上与CAC标准基本相同;我国兽药残留限量指标的总数为1035个,远远多于CAC的477个;在可比指标范围内,我国有302个残留限量指标值与CAC相同,26个残留限量指标值严于CAC,仅8个残留限量指标值宽于CAC.因此我国兽药残留限量标准中有98%的可比指标值已达到或超过CAC标准的要求.

  5. 苗族及侗族中学生应激性生活事件调查%Investigation of Stressful Life Events in Miao and Dong Nationality Middle School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹璇; 邓冰; 谢平霞

    2012-01-01

    Objective; To explore character of stressful life events in middle school students and to provide reference for preventing and early interposing problems of students'physical and psychological health. Methods; Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Check List( ASLEC) was performed in 839 middle school students of Miao and Dong nationality in Guizhou to analyze the occurrence rate of stressful life events, main stressors and differences of stress strength in different gender and grade students. Results; The dominant stressful life events were failure in examination and heavy study stress. Study stress and interpersonal relation factors constituted the primary stress, especially the senior high school students were confronted with the greater stress. Girls had higher scores than Boys in study stress and interpersonal relation factors. Boys had higher scores than girls in other factors. Conclusion; The frequency of Miao. and Dong nationality middle school students'stressful life events is higher, the strength of stress is different in different sex and grade students. Schools and families should attach importance to psychological health education in Miao and Dong nationality middle school students to promote the development of the students'mental health.%目的:探讨苗及侗族中学生应激性生活事件的特点,为中学生身心健康问题的预防和早期干预提供依据.方法:用青少年生活事件量表(ASLEC)对贵州省839名苗族和侗族中学生进行问卷调查,分析各类应激生活事件发生率,两个民族中学生主要应激源及不同性别、年级的中学生应激强度的差异.结果:对两个民族中学生影响较大的生活事件有考试失败和不理想、学习负担重;学习压力、人际关系因子构成中学生主要的应激源,尤其高中学生面临更大的心理应激;女学生人际关系因子和学习压力因子得分高于男学生,男学生其它因子得分高于女学生.结论:苗族和侗族

  6. Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Luas Pengungkapan Sukarela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rr. Puruwita Wardani

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Annual report is a tool for a company to disclose the company activities and it has a function as a monitoring mechanism for a company performance. This research analyzed factors which would affect voluntary disclosures, in this case were a company size, leverage, portion of shares owned by public, liquidity, profitability, and a company age. This research focused on voluntary disclosure by using stakeholder theory as a main theory which had an aim for a company business going concern. Agency theory and legitimacy theory were also used as supporting theories. This research using 79 real sector companies listed in Indonesian stock exchange in 2009 and using regression method with 95% confident level. The results of this research showed that a company size and profitability had positively significant effects to voluntary disclosures, but a company age had negatively significant effect to voluntary disclosures. Leverage, portion of shares owned by public, and liquidity did not affect to company voluntary disclosures.

  7. High School Student's Alternative Conceptions About the Phenomenon of the Formation of the Moon Phases. (Spanish Title: Concepciones Alternativas de Alumnos de Educación Media Sobre el Fenómeno de Formación de las Fases de La Luna.) Concepções Alternativas de Alunos do Ensino Médio Sobre o Fenômeno de Formação das Fases da Lua

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iachel, Gustavo; Langhi, Rodolfo; Fernandes Scalvi, Rosa Maria

    2008-07-01

    Forty students, at ages between 14 and 18 years old, from three schools in Bauru city, were questioned about their alternative conceptions concerning the phenomenon of formation of the Moon Phases. It was observed that some of the pupils confound the phenomenon of the formation of the Moon Phases with the phenomenon of the formation of the lunar eclipses, others are unaware of the reason of the phenomenon, they present incoherent alternative conceptions of the reality or incomplete conceptions. The results found here are aimed at the teachers of Elementary Education and can be used as a subsidy for future development of new pedagogical methods. Cuarenta estudiantes, con edad entre 14 y 18 años, pertenecientes a tres escuelas de la ciudad de Bauru, fueron cuestionados sobre sus concepciones alternativas acerca del fenómeno de la formación de las fases de la Luna. Fue observado que algunos alumnos confunden el fenómeno de formación de las fases de la Luna con el fenómeno de formación de los eclipses lunares, otros desconocen el motivo delfenómeno, presentan concepciones alternativas incoherentes con la realidad o bien presentan concepciones incompletas. Los resultados aquí encontrados son destinados a los profesores de la Enseñanza Básica y podrán ser usados como ayuda para el futuro desarrollo de nuevos métodos pedagógicos. Quarenta estudantes, com idades entre 14 e 18 anos, pertencentes a três escolas da cidade de Bauru, foram questionados sobre suas concepções alternativas acerca do fenômeno de formação das fases da Lua. Foi observado que alguns dos alunos confundem o fenômeno da formação das fases da Lua com o fenômeno da formação dos eclipses lunares, outros desconhecem o motivo do fenômeno, apresentam concepções alternativas incoerentes com a realidade ou então concepções incompletas. Os resultados aqui encontrados são destinados aos professores do Ensino Básico e poderão ser usados como subsídio parafuturo desenvolvimento de

  8. A Study of Dong Zhongshu’s Idealized, Rational Ethics and Tragic Life%理想化、理性化与悲剧化--董仲舒伦理思想特性与人生格调述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王传林

    2014-01-01

    At the time of the political unification of Han Dynasty after Qin Dynasty perished and the culture transformation in the period when Emperor Jing and Emperor Wu ruled, Dong Zhongshu, the great Confucianist, went with the times, stating his ideas which included the great thinkers’ statements and inferring “yin” and “yang” according to the natural law. Based on this, he not only systematically finished his idealized design of political ethics but also found theoretical basis for the political legitimacy during Emperor Han Wu’s rule. And because of this, he involved himself in politics. However, because he was unable to have social intercourse with the people in the political circle, he had to leave sadly. It is worth noting that his ethic thought was transformed into mature and flecible one. In spite of this, Dong Zhongshu, who was honest, upright and above politics and wordly interests, could not escape from his personal tragedy and sighed sadly for his unrecognized talents in the centralized and autocratic society.%秦亡汉兴,政治一统;景武之际,文化转型;大儒董子,应时陈论;继轨先贤,弥纶众言;循天之道,推说阴阳。基于此,董子不仅系统地完成了理想化的政治伦理设计,而且为汉武时期的政治合法性寻找到了理论依据;董子随之走进政治,然而由于其无力于政治周旋,最后无奈地黯然退去。值得注意的是,他的伦理思想由此发生了某种转向并且趋于成熟与圆融。尽管如此,廉直清高的董子之于那个集权而专制的时代,仍然难逃个人悲剧之厄运,空留不遇之伤叹。

  9. 食品法典委员会(CAC)乳与乳制品标准体系浅析%Research on the CAC Standards System Concerning Milk and Milk Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    幸汐媛; 李江华; 郑风田; 王志刚

    2012-01-01

    食品法典委员会(CAC)的主要工作是制定世界范围内协调一致的标准,CAC标准体系结构清晰,分为横向通用原则标准和纵向特定商品标准。本文通过整理CAC乳与乳制品相关标准,分析CAC乳与乳制品标准体系的现状及特点。CAC乳与乳制品标准覆盖范围广、利用程度高,标准体系结构层次清晰,标准的制定依据最为科学的风险分析方法,制定过程严谨、专业,修订及时迅速并且把握国际动态。%The main task of Food Codex Alimentarius Commission(CAC) is to formulate worldwide coordinated standards,the structure of which system is clear,including horizontally general principle and vertically specific commodity standards.The milk and milk-related CAC standards,as well as their current situation and characteristics,were analyzed in this study.They are widely covered,highly used,well arranged and established referring to the most scientific risk analysis methods.They are also rigorously and professionally formulated and fast revised and updated according to the latest international situation.

  10. Utilization of Snail (Achatina fulica Shell Waste for Synthesis of Calcium Tartrate Tetrahydrate (CaC4H4O6.4H2O Single Crystals in Silica Gel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imam Sakdi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Snail (Achatina fulica shell waste is massively produced by many home industries in Indonesia, especially in East Java. The snail shell is known for high calcium; therefore it is potential to be used as calcium source of supernatant in the synthesis of piezoeletric material, such as single crystal of calcium tartrate tetrahydrate (CaTT. The aim of this research is to study the synthesis and characterization of CaTT or CaC4H4O6.4H2O from snail shell waste in silica gel. Supernatant solution of CaCl2 was prepared from CaO, which previously made by calcinating the shell at 1000°C, and then reacted with HCl 1,5M. Synthesis of CaTT was conducted in a single-tube reaction at room temperature in which silica gel was used as growth medium with gelling time of 10 days and growth time of 2 weeks. The pH of gel and CaCl2 concentration were varied, 3.00; 3.50; 4.00; 4.50; 5.00; and 0.27; 0.36; 0.45; 0.54 M respectively, in order to obtain optimum condition of the synthesis, which is indicated from crystal yields. The synthesized crystals were characterized by atomic adsorption spectrophotometry (AAS, infrared spectroscopy (IR and powder X-ray diffraction (XRD. Experimental data shows that optimum condition was obtained at pH of 3.50 and [CaCl2] of 0.45M with yield of 69.37%. The obtained single crystal has clear color and octahedral-like shape with size ranged between 4 – 9 mm. Analysis data by FTIR and powder XRD confirmed that the obtained crystal was CaTT single crystals with crystal system of orthorhombic.

  11. 《齐东野语》中的亲属称谓语研究%The Study of Relative Appellation Terms inQi Dong Ye Yu(齐东野语)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕玲娣

    2016-01-01

    The relative appellation terms are the tags of the relationship between the family and relatives. These relative appellation terms can distinguish old and young, superior and inferior, close and distant. As one of the classic during The Notes of Song Dynasty, the relative appellation terms inQi Dong Ye Yuare numerous. They are not only the calling sign, but also reflect the mutual relationship between families and members of the same clan in the Song Dynasty. And these relative appellation terms can help us understand the social culture of Song Dynasty.%亲属称谓是人们在家庭内部和亲属往来中相互关系的标记,用以别长幼、分尊卑和辨亲疏。《齐东野语》作为宋人笔记名著之一,其亲属称谓语数量众多,这些亲属称谓语不仅仅是简单的称呼符号,也从一个侧面反映了宋代家庭、亲族中人与人的相互关系,有助于我们了解宋代的社会风貌。

  12. On Scope of Legal Regulation of Maltreatment Crime---Taking Dong Shanshan Case in Beijing as an Example%论虐待罪法律规制的范畴--以北京董珊珊案件为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑小佩

    2014-01-01

    立法者设立虐待罪是为了加强对家庭内弱势群体人身的特殊保护,将发生在家庭成员之间不符合其他犯罪而又长期存在的轻微伤害行为用法律加以规制,虐待罪与故意伤害等罪是位阶的关系,对董珊珊被殴打致死的恶性故意伤害案件,应当以故意杀人罪和虐待罪数罪并罚。%Maltreatment crime is to attach the special protection to vulnerable members within a family .Those minor but long-term-existing injures to family members , although they could not be treated as crimes before , fall into maltreatment crimes now .Maltreatment crime and intentional injury offense are on the same rank;when deal-ing with Dong ShanShan case , a malignant intentional injury one , we should give a punishment that combines in-tentional homicide and maltreatment crime .

  13. Investigation of parents educational and raising methods to students of sehior high schools in Dong people districts%侗族高中生父母教养方式调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁帮军; 薛雯

    2011-01-01

    A survey was done in order to know parents' educational and raising methods and the correlative factors in Dong people districts. With the “parent' s education methods” questionnaire used to test 230 high school students, the results showed that ( 1 ) It was not positively correlated with the parental rearing pattern between girls and boys. (2)Father's emotional warmth, preference and mother'preference factors were positively correlated with parental raising methcds and parents' educational level.(3) Parental rearing styles and family income were significantly positively correlated.%采用"父母教养方式"问卷对侗族地区高中230名侗族高中学生父母教养方式及其相关因素做了调查分析.结果表明:(1)男女生在父母各因子上没有显著差异;(2)该地区父母教养方式与父母文化程度在父亲情感温暖、偏爱被试和母亲偏爱被试呈显著正相关;(3)父母教养方式与家庭的收入呈显著正相关.

  14. The Heaven-human Relation Theory Included in Dong Zhong-shu' s Social Contract Theory%董仲舒天人关系论中包含的社会契约论思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺志韧

    2012-01-01

    The thought of social contract theory is the blueprint of the Western modern politic system;such thought early germinated in the period of Epicurus and was pushed to the top in the beginning period of the English bourgeois revolution and enlightenment campaign, the 17th century by Hobbes, Rock etc. In our country, early 2000 years ago, in the thought of Dong Zhong-shu, a great Confucian scholar of the West Han dynasty, there budded such similar thought as social contract theory. In the heaven-man relation theory of his work 〈 Spring-Autumn Dense Dew 〉 there included such theory of social contract theory.%社会契约论思想是西方现代政治制度的蓝本,这一思想早在伊壁鸠鲁时期就有所萌芽,而在17世纪英国资产阶级革命和启蒙运动开始时就被霍布斯、洛克等人推到顶峰。在我国,早在2000多年前西汉大儒董仲舒的思想中,就有了与社会契约论思想极为类似的思想萌芽。他在《春秋繁露》的天人关系论中包含有社会契约论思想。

  15. 七十二寨侗服饰的文化内涵%Cultural Connotation of the Costume of Seventy-Two Villages of the Dong Ethnic Minority

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡玲

    2012-01-01

    The ethnic costume is not only a kind of sign, but also a kind of language. It is a logo to distinguish different nationalities. It contains material and spiritual civilization of a nation. The costume of a nation reflects custom, totem and historical origin. By analysing the costume and pattern of the Dong, we can know more about the ethnic origin and religion.%民族服饰既是一种符号,也是一种语言,是区分不同民族的一种标识,包含一个民族的物质文明与精神文明。一个民族的服饰艺术,体现出一个民族的风俗习惯、图腾崇拜以及历史渊源。通过分析七十二寨侗服饰和图案,可以了解该地区的族源和民族信仰。

  16. 略论董必武选择共产主义的历史原因%Discussion of the Reasons for Dong Biwu to Select Communism as His Revolutionary Goal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Taking the communism as a revolutionary goal is a historical inevitability for Biwu -Dong .Good family envi-ronment made him to serve for the people , The failure of the imperial examination made him understand the essence of the feu-dal system ,and the Revolution of 1911 made him understand the fact that the ideal republic can not save China from the back-ward situation .He got to know it is the communism that is the only correct choice for China to change her historical destiny .%  董必武同志选择共产主义道路有着历史的必然性:良好的家庭环境使他树立了为人民的思想,科举考试的失败使他看透了封建王朝没落的本质,辛亥革命的失败也让他明白了资产阶级共和国是不能救中国的,只有共产主义才是中国改变自己历史命运、独立自强的唯一正确选择。

  17. Community Advisory Committee (CAC) Leadership Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlisle, Lynn; Lesniak, Pat

    This document presents one module in a set of training resources for trainers to use with parents and/or professionals serving children with disabilities; focus is on community advisory committee leadership training. The modules stress content and activities that build skills and offer resources to promote parent-professional collaboration. Each…

  18. 湖南侗族学生Heath-Carter体型发育特征分析%Characteristics of Heath-Carter somatotype development in Dong students from Hunan province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    皮建辉; 吴亿中; 雷鸣枝

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There are many methods for studying the somatotype of adults or children. Among them, Heath-Carter somatotype method is a comprehensive evaluation method. Using this method, 10 items of anthropometric indicators are selected and 3 factors which could be gotten to represent relative content of body fat, growth degree of skeletal muscle and relative height and thinness of body (relative line degree), are calculated, respectively.OBJECTIVE: To analyze the rules and characteristics of somatotype development in Dong students from Hunan province, so as to supplement the essential data for physical anthropology.DESIGN, TIME AND SETTING: A cross-sectional investigation was performed at the Department of Biological Engineering, Huaihua College of Hunan Province in May 2006.PARTICIPANTS: A total of 989 Dong students (boys 492, girls 497), aged 7 to 17 years, were selected from the primary schools or middle schools of Tongdao Dong Nationality Autonomous Country in Hunan province and recruited into the present study. All the selected students were verified healthy by physical examinations at school. The subjects were divided into two groups by gender, and each group was divided into 11 subgroups according to the age.METHODS: By Heath-Carter somatotype method, 10 anthropological indexes were measured. Each indicator was measured twice and the average value was selected. The above-mentioned data were input into the computer to form a database. The following indicators were calculated in turn: 3 factors on somatotype, coordinate values of X and Y on somatotype chart, mean of dimensional distances from the average somatotype to all somatotypes in the sample, difference between the two somatotypes in three-dimensional space and frequency distribution of each somatotype.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Height, body mass, upper arm circumference, calf circumference, intracondylar diameters of humerus and femur, skinfold of brachial triceps, subscapular skinfold, skinfold of

  19. Lunar Phases and Earthly Events: Beliefs from Different Education Levels. (Spanish Title: Fases de la Luna y Acontecimientos Terrestres: Creencia de Distintos Niveles de Instrucción.) As Fases da Lua e os Acontecimentos Terrestres: a Crença de Diferentes Níveis de Instrução

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darroz, Luiz Marcelo; da Rosa, Cleci Teresinha Werner; Alves Vizzotto, Patrick; Becker da Rosa, Álvaro

    2013-12-01

    pesquisa realizada no primeiro semestre de 2013 junto a um grupo de 80 sujeitos de diferentes níveis de instrução. Nesta pesquisa, buscou-se averiguar os acontecimentos terrestres que esse grupo de pessoas atribui ao fenômeno das fases lunares. Como instrumento de coleta de dados, foram empregadas entrevistas semiestruturadas guiadas por questões que buscavam manter a atenção dos entrevistados no objeto de investigação. As entrevistas foram gravadas e transcritas, e os resultados, após serem analisados quanti e qualitativamente, foram confrontados com estudos científicos da área. Os dados da pesquisa demonstram que a Lua e suas fases continuam fascinando e despertando o interesse da população. No entanto, a falta de conhecimentos para proferir explicações corretas relativas aos fenômenos que ocorrem com o astro acaba originando uma série de crenças na população sobre sua influência nos acontecimentos terrestres.

  20. 我国食品污染物限量标准与CAC标准的比较研究%COMPARATIVE STUDY ON MAXIUM LIMITED STANDARDS FOR CONTAMINANTS IN FOOD BETWEEN CAC AND CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁莎; 张志强; 张立实

    2005-01-01

    目的:比较我国食品污染物限量标准与食品法典(CAC)标准的差异,为我国制/修订污染物限量标准提供依据和参考.方法:收集我国全部污染物限量标准、CAC相关标准和FAO/WHO食品添加剂联合专家委员会(JECFA)对有关污染物的评价结果,进行标准的数量比较和指标比较,并分析JECFA对污染物评价的变化.结果:(1)我国共有20个污染物限量标准,涉及20种污染物58种食品;只有一个适用CAC标准,涉及16种污染物69种食品.(2)我国食品污染物指标包括与CAC标准一致,比CAC标准严格,比CAC标准宽松3种情况.我国的铅限量标准大多比CAC标准宽松,镉限量标准大多比CAC标准严格.(3)JECFA对铅、砷、汞、镉、黄曲霉毒素、展青霉素有新的评价,而且暂定每周耐受量(PTWI)值都有所减小.结论:(1)建议参照CAC标准将各种污染物限量标准合并成一个通用标准,在制定食物中的污染物限量标准时可适当参照CAC的食物分类.(2)食品中铅、砷、汞、镉、黄曲霉毒素卫生标准应是评价和修订的重点,尤其是铅和镉的卫生标准.

  1. 我国与国际食品法典委员会(CAC)食品中农药最大残留限量标准的对比分新研究%Study on Comparison and analysis on standards of pesticide maximum residue limits in food between international codex alimentarius commission and China national standards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘文; 云振宇; 王乃铝; 许建军; 李强; 蔡晓湛

    2009-01-01

    目的:对比分析我国与国际食品法典委员会(CAC)食品中农药最大残留限量标准的异同.方法:从标准涉及的农药种类、残留具体食品种类、残留限量值三个层面逐级对比.结果:我国标准涉及的农药种类为153种,CAC标准为144种,二者相同的农药种类91种;我国标准与CAC标准在残留具体食品的数量上相差巨大,我国仅为88种,CAC则达到232种;我国农药残留限量指标的总数为576个,远远少于CAC的2825个;在可比指标范围内,我国有142个残留限量指标值与CAC相同,72个残留限量指标值严于CAC,仅52个残留限量指标值宽于CAC.结论:我国农药残留限量标准中有80%的可比指标值已达到或超过CAC标准的要求,而CAC农药残留限量标准涉及的食品种类详细且具体,是造成我国标准与CAC标准在具体食品数量和限量指标数量上出现巨大差异的主要原因.

  2. Comparison and analysis study on hygienic standards for uses of foods additives between Codex Alimentarius Commission and China national standards%我国与国际食品法典委员会 (CAC)食品添加剂使用限量标准的对比分析研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    云振宇; 刘文; 蔡晓湛; 王乃铝; 栾晏

    2009-01-01

    目的:对比分析我国与国际食品法典委员会(CAC)食品添加剂限量标准的异同.方法:从标准涉及的食品添加剂种类、应用具体食品种类、最大使用量三个层面逐级对比.结果:我国标准涉及的食品添加剂种类为417种(不包含食品用香料),CAC标准为271种,二者相同的食品添加剂种类171种;我国标准与CAC标准在残留具体食品的数量上相差巨大,我国仅为123种,CAC则达到174种;我国食品添加剂使用限量指标的总数为1745个,少于CAC的1991个;在可比指标范围内,我国有317个限量指标值与CAC相同,287个限量指标值严于CAC,仅130个限量指标值宽于CAC.结论:我国对食品添加剂使用范围的要求较CAC严格,且我国食品添加剂使用限量标准中有82%的可比指标值已达到或超过CAC标准的要求.

  3. 东乌旗中铁陨石硅酸盐地球化学特征及对成因的启示%GEOCHEMISTRY OF SILICATES IN THE DONG UJIMQIN QI MESOSIDERITE AND THE IMPLICATIONS FOR ITS ORIGIN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂喜柯; 孔屏

    2013-01-01

    东乌旗中铁陨石是1995年在内蒙发现的、为数不多的降落型中铁陨石,由金属-硫化物和硅酸盐相紧密混合而成。硅酸盐相由角砾部分(主要为角砾状橄榄石和辉长岩岩屑)和非角砾部分组成。岩相学特征、主量元素成分及REE地球化学特征表明角砾状橄榄石、非角砾橄榄石和辉长质硅酸盐(辉长岩岩屑和除橄榄石外的非角砾部分)三者可能分别结晶自不同的岩浆源区。进一步的分析表明Mg含量非常高的角砾状橄榄石可能来自一个分异小行星的橄榄岩质地幔,非角砾橄榄石和辉长质硅酸盐可能和HED陨石具有相同的母体Vesta小行星。冲击碰撞导致两个小行星的物质发生了混合。冲击作用产生的高温(约1200-1450℃)使得被撞击小行星表壳玄武质和辉长质岩石发生混合重熔,熔体结晶后形成中铁陨石的辉长质硅酸盐。该温度下非角砾橄榄石和角砾状橄榄石均未发生重熔。该模型较好地解释了角砾状橄榄石、非角砾橄榄石和辉长质硅酸盐三者之间的不平衡现象。%The Dong Ujimqin Qi meteorite is a rare mesosiderite that fell in Inner Mongolia , China in 1995.It consists of intimately mixed metal-sulfide and silicates .Silicates in the mesosiderite are composed of clasts ( mainly olivine and gabbro ) with a gabbroic matrix .Petrographic and REE characteristics and major element compositions show that the olivine clasts , matrix olivine and gabbroic rocks ( including gabbro clasts and gabbroic matrix ) may have crystal-lized from different magmas .Olivine clasts, with high Mg contents, may be derived from the dunite mantle of a dif-ferentiated asteroid , whereas matrix olivine and gabbroic rocks may be from the same parental asteroid , e.g, the Vesta asteroid .An impact event may have led to the mixture of materials from these two asteroids .During the bom-bardment , temperature rose to 1 200-1 450℃and the

  4. 东晋以来爨氏与中央和地方势力的关系%The Relationship Between Cuanshi and Central-regional Power since the Dong Jin Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王世丽

    2011-01-01

    Cuanshi's governing area in Nanzhong region has been relatively stable since Dong Jin dynasty, which expands and shrinks with the dynasty power in inland inversely. Cuanshi obtains official governing power by admitting dynasty's power and it maintains interaction with central and region power by paying tribute to the dynasty and uniting Han and minority nationality. In Cuanshi hegemony period, there are many small areas which are not controlled by central government in XiCuan region. The local leaders admit Cuanshi as alliance leader. Therefore, the whole Cuan region still has many leaders, but Cuanshi is only the alliance leader from this sense.%东晋以来,爨氏在南中的统治区域相对稳定,并随内地王朝势力的扩大而收缩、随王朝势力的缩小而扩大。爨氏通过奉王朝正朔,获得了统治的正统性;同时,通过保持向王朝的朝贡及统合夷汉部曲,维护了其与中央、地方关系的互动。在爨氏称霸时期,西爨境内保持着许多小区域的政权,没有进到集权统治,只是奉爨氏大长为盟主。从这个意义上讲,整个爨区依然是“君长以什数”,只是“爨”最大而已。

  5. 对庆阳地区陇东绒山羊"营养代谢症"的病因分析%Nutritional Analyze of Mineral Elements for Grazing Long-Dong White Cashmere Goats in Qing-Yang Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伍力; 孙效名; 李铁军; 印遇龙; 周占琴; 徐吕子

    2011-01-01

    A series of comprehensive experiments were conducted to investigate the nutritional status of the Long-Dong cashmere goats in Qing-Yang area, which suffered nutritional metabolic disease characterized by muscular dystrophy sharp teeth exposure, coat adhesion and lambs suffering from rickets. Through local soil evaluation, serum biochemical parameters detection, component analysis of the hair and clinical symptoms observation, the results indicated that the goats undergone severe selenium and phosphoms deficiency, whereas the excessive intake of iron and copper had reached toxic dose which has inhibited the absorption of zinc. Thus caused the disease.%针对庆阳地区陇东绒山羊普遍出现的以肌肉萎缩、牙尖外露、被毛粘连、幼畜佝偻等症状为特征的地方性营养代谢病,本试验通过对土壤、血液、被毛中矿物元素含量三方面指标进行测定,探讨羊只的矿物元素营养状况与"营养代谢症"之间的关系.结果表明:虽然摄入的钙、锰等元素基本能满足羊群的代谢需求,但机体缺硒少磷现象严重,且摄入的铁和铜已达中毒剂量,影响了其他元素如锌的吸收.此为造成病症的主要原因.

  6. A Textual Research of Whether Dong Zhongshu’s Native Place is Zaoqiang County, Hebei Province or not%董仲舒故里乃河北省枣强县考证

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张希敏

    2014-01-01

    董仲舒家的老宅院董子庄园就在今枣强县前后王寿至后旧县村一带,所以董仲舒的故里应为河北省枣强县。证据资料略举一二:县志记载清楚有序;地域称谓史料记载明确,民间流传至今;国家正史类的主要工具书,学生教材明注董仲舒为枣强人;董氏家庙、家谱、谱书、祭祖铁证如山;董仲舒故乡的人民群众对前哲世代景仰。%Dongzi Manor, Dong Zhongshu’s old family house, is located among Qianwangshou village, Houwangshou village and Houjiuxian village in Zaoqiang county, so his native place should be Zaoqiang county, Hebei Province. The following are the data to prove it: it is clearly and orderedly recorded in the annals of the county; it is clearly recorded in the historical data of regional address and has been handed down to nowadays in the countryside; it is clearly annoted in the main national reference books of official history and the teaching materials for students; it is definitely proved by the Dongs’ temple, family tree, the book of family trees and their ancestor worship; the people in his native place respect and admire the sage of the past generation after generation.

  7. On the Annotation of Historical Event in Ji Zhu Fen Lei Dong Po Shi%论《集注分类东坡诗》的历史阐释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何泽棠

    2012-01-01

    The authors ofJi Zhu Fen Lei Dong Po Shi often demonstrated the meanings of certain poems by histori- cal events. They quoted plenty of authentic data, bring forth the politics backdrop of poems, opened out the causa- tion of Su Shi' s poems, so that they made clear the whole meaning of the poems. Incidentally, they explained the meaning of some pivotal sentences, in which, there were many composing methods, just like depiction, literary quotations and comparison.%《王状元集百家注分类东坡先生诗》中注者众多,且距离苏轼生活的年代较近。这些注者根据苏诗与当代史实密切相关的特点,运用孟子提出的"以意逆志"与"知人论世"相结合的诗歌阐释方法,考证与苏诗相关的大小事件,展现诗歌创作的背景,揭示引发诗歌创作的事因,从而解释全篇之意。对使用"赋"体、"比兴"体、典故等不同表现方法的诗句,都能以"本事"为根据,准确地解释其意义,对后来的苏诗注有重要的启发。

  8. 侗族南部方言区择偶婚俗价值观的嬗变研究%Changes of Marriage Customs in the Southern Dialect Region of Dong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芝凤

    2011-01-01

    Traditional marriage customs in the southern dialect of Dong people are changing dramatically under the huge impact of modernization and urbanization.The original artistic form in the traditional marriage has been retained only for show and some good moral criteria for ideal spouse and marriage customs are disappearing or discarded due to environmental or material changes.Although traditional customs are not all to be protected in view of evolution,the best parts of them should be carefully guarded and never to be given away for commercial gains.Only by retaining good folk elements to the original can we hope to have the good cultural and social gains in their interaction and develop sustained folk customs that are of distinctive national characteristics and robust with modern connotation.%侗族南部方言区的传统婚俗受到现代化和城市化的巨大冲击,发生了显著的变异:婚俗中原生态的艺术形式及原形态的道德择偶标准,或因商业需要而婚俗表演化,或因环境与身份的改变,一些淳风良俗的婚俗内涵渐渐淡化甚至消失。传统民俗文化的保护虽然应当顺乎时代潮流,但优秀的婚俗不能市场化、商业化。只有让优秀民俗文化元素归原,才有实现文化与社会效益良性互动的可行性,才能使传统民俗文化资源得到长久的传续,使其既具有民族特色,又具有时代内涵。

  9. 在边缘处坚守和寻找——韩东小说论%Standing and Seeking at the Edge: Theory of Han Dong Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫宁

    2012-01-01

    Since the 1990s, the new generation writer of novels Han Dong tried to destroy the traditional speech form and explored a new road of the literary creation. Through this way, literature will go away from political and social factors thoroughly and return the ego itself defected. Reading Hart Dong'novels, you will find the third path to return literature called on the narrative strategy of doing nothing and forceful. Han Dong's novels at the edge developed experimental way of writing from three aspects: a variety of possibilities of history display, no attitude private narrative strategy and philosophical thinking of life in the absurd, providing possibilities for the development of diversified literature in the new period .%20世纪90年代以来,新生代作家韩东的小说创作试图、在对传统话语形态的破坏中探索一条新的文学创作之路.实现文学在本体意义上对政治、社会的彻底叛逃而回归自我本身。阅读韩东你会发现一条回归文学的第三条道路,即叙述策略上的无为而有为。韩东的小说创作坚持边缘化的立场。以对历史呈现的多种可能.性、元姿态的私人叙述策略和荒诞中对生命的哲学思考等三个方面展开对写作的实验性开拓.为新时期文学爹样化的发展提供了更多的可能性。

  10. 董仲舒的忠孝理论与汉代忠孝伦理制度%Dong Zhongshu's Theory of Filial Piety and Loyalty and Ethical System in Han Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李佳哲

    2012-01-01

      Great Unification situation has been formed in Han Dynasty. In order to adapt to such a political situation, philosophers of Han Dynasty integrate the moral and ethical concepts in the beginning of Han Dynasty. In this innovation process, Dong Zhongshu plays an important role, giving a new interpretation of the reasonableness of loyalty and filial piety with the conepts of heaven and isomorphism theory of home and country. Thus, the ethical success of loyalty and filial piety in Confucianism rise as the state ideology of the Han Dynasty, as well as a universal ethical beliefs in later Chinese community.%  汉代,大一统的局面已经形成,为了适应这一政治局面,汉代经学家对汉初道德伦理观念进行了理论性整合,在这一理论创新过程中,董仲舒发挥了重要作用,他利用“天”的观念和“家国同构理论”,对忠、孝的合理性做出了新的解释,使儒家所提倡的忠、孝伦理成功上升为汉代的国家意识形态,同时也为汉代及以后的中国社会提供了一种全民的伦理信仰。

  11. Analysis of Genetic Polymorphism in DongGuan Randomized Donors' HPA 1-6 Antigens%现居东莞人群人类血小板1-6抗原系统基因分型研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    师玲玲; 王德文; 刘赴平

    2009-01-01

    目的 研究现居东莞人群人类血小板抗原(human Platelet antigen,HAP)1-6系统基因分型及其多态性分布特征.方法 用DNA提取试剂盒提取外周血标本中的DNA,用聚合酶链式反应-序列特异性引物(PCR-SSP)扩增HPA等位基因.结果 80名健康、无血缘关系的现居东莞人群每个样本均检测到HPA-1a、2a、4a、5a、6a基因;HPA-4a、5a呈现纯合子单态性,未检测出相应的等位基因HPA-b;对于HPA-1、-2、-6主要以a/a纯合子为多,a/a基因型频率分别是0.975、0.725、0.9625,没有b/b纯合子出现.结论 HPA血型系统多态性具有人群特征.与其他种族相比,现居东莞人群HPA血型系统中a基因频率较高,b基因频率较低,提示在现居东莞人群中由b基因不合所引起的同种免疫病理反应要低于其他种族人群.现居东莞人群HPA-1、-2、-3、-6系统具有多态性,HPA-2、-3抗原杂和率比较高,提示在临床输血实践中可能具有重要的免疫学意义.同时,在此次研究数据的基础上建立了现居东莞人群血小板基因频率数据库和血小板基因型已知供者库.%Objective To characterize the allele frequencies and its polymorphisms of human platelet 1-6 antigen (HPA) in DongGuan population. Methods The genomic DNA of 80 healthy and unrelated individuals from blood donors was extracted from the peripheral blood samples with DNA extraction kit reagent and genotyped for by polymerase chain reaction with sequence specific primers (PCR-SSP). Results HPA-1a, 2a, 4a, 5a ,6a alleles were found in each of the samples. HPA-4a, 5a all showed homozygous genotype with no responsive HPA-b alleles were found. HPA-1, -2, -6 mainly showed a/a homozygous, the frequencies of homozygous HPA-1a/a, 2a/a, 6a/a were 0.975, 0.725, 0.9625 respectively, and homozygous (b/b) were not detected. Conclusion Polymorphism of HPA has differential population characteristic. Compared with other populations, population in DongGuan displayed higher

  12. 侗族文化保护传承的问题与对策调查研究--基于贵州省黎平县实证调研%Research on the Cultural Heritage and Protection of Dong Minority-Based on Empirical Research in Liping County of Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈平; 杨小冬; 王银凤

    2013-01-01

    侗族文化在大众文化层面、技术文化层面、制度文化层面和价值文化层面都具有优越的价值和魅力,是侗族人民的精神支柱。随着社会转型的深化发展,侗族文化面临着传承者质的落后和量的微少,保护和传承主体责任不明确、资金不到位或缺位,文化价值与经济价值脱节,文化权益分配不均衡等问题。基于贵州省黎平县的实证调研,提出3条对策:第一,充分发挥市场经济积极作用,满足文化主体的利益需求;第二,发展教育,培养文化专业技能传承人才,为侗族文化的保护和传承提供支撑;第三,在社会舆论与宣传方面,建立社会联动机制,加强对侗族生态文化的宣传推广,增进社会对侗族文化的认知,从而强化社会支持。%The culture of Dong minority has superior value and charm in the mass culture,culture of technology,institutional culture and value of culture.It is the spiritual pillar of the Dong people.With the development of socialist market economy,the Dong culture is faced with such problems as the low quality and small quantity of inheritors,unclear responsibility of protector and inheritance,lack of funds,disj unc-tion between cultural and economic value,and unbalanced distribution of cultural rights and interests.On the basis of the empirical research in Liping County of Guizhou Province,the paper puts forward three countermeasures:giving full play to the positive role of market economy,and meeting the interests demand of cultural subj ect;developing education and cultivating professional talents;and establishing social linkage mechanism,strengthening the ecological and cultural promotion,promoting the social cognition in the Dong culture,and intensifying the social support.

  13. Overview of the thirty-third session conference of the Codex Committee on Fish and Fishery Products (CCFFP) in Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC)%国际食品法典委员会水产及水产加工品专业委员会第33届会议概况

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭莹莹; 王联珠; 殷邦忠; 郭薇; 林洪; 李乐; 朱文嘉

    2015-01-01

    介绍了国际食品法典委员会水产及水产加工品专业委员会(CAC-CCFFP)第33届会议对当前水产品国际标准制定的重点和热点问题,以及相关标准制定工作的进展情况.重点介绍了贝类毒素的测定方法、速冻扇贝肉产品标准及加工操作规范、鲟鱼子酱加工操作规范以及组胺限量规定和抽样计划等国际标准及相关研究的最新进展,并提出中国密切跟踪国际食品法典委员会(CAC)标准进展,进一步完善中国水产品加工标准化工作等应对措施和建议.

  14. 秦东古书院发展及教育文化功能浅说%The Development of Ancient Academy and the Function of Education and Culture in Qin Dong Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李媛媛

    2016-01-01

    Academy of ancient China , as cultural and education organization started from the Tang Dynasty to build -up, came to its prosperous stage in the Song Dynasty , went through the Yuan , Ming and Qing Dynasties , and until the late Qing Dynasty it converted to the modern new-style school .After the Song Dynasty , because of the center of the culture shifted to the south , it leads to Shaanxi lost the status of cultural center gradually .The academy development relatively has lagged behind and got some develop-ment during the Ming and Qing Dynasties .The development of academy was slightly better in Qin Dong area .This area successively appeared more than 50 different level colleges which all promoted the local education greatly , especially in promoting the local edu-cation level , talents cultivation , ethical culture and the library and publication activity .in modern times , and the academy also con-verted to the new-style school .%书院作为中国古代特有的文化教育组织形式,始于唐而盛于宋,历经元、明、清,直至清末转变为近代新式学堂。两宋以后,文化重心的南移使陕西逐渐失去了文化中心地位,书院发展也相对滞后,明清时期才得到相对发展。秦东地区书院发展相对于陕西其他地区略占优势,前后出现过50多所水平不一的书院,它们对秦东地方文化教育发展有很大的促进作用,尤其在促进地方教育水平提升、人才培养、习俗伦理教化、藏书刻书出版等方面成就斐然,近代顺大势而转变为新式学堂。

  15. 论鱼塘建构对文化生态的支撑功能——基于对贵州黄岗侗族社区的思考%On the Supportive Functions of Fish Ponds to Cultural Ecology:A Study Based on the Survey of the Dong Community of Huanggang in Guizhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨曾辉; 李银艳; 彭书佳

    2012-01-01

    在侗族传统村寨的整个结构当中,鱼塘扮演着极为关键的角色。人为建构起来的鱼塘次生生态系统之所以能够获得侗族乡民的喜爱,原因是多方面的。一方面,鱼塘自身存在着诸多的生态调节功能,能够为侗族社区的正常运转提供力所能及的物质、能量和信息。另一方面,在侗族传统社会的建构过程当中,以及侗族传统文化与当地自然生态环境相互磨合的过程中,人工建构起来的鱼塘获得侗族传统文化的某些属性,成为了侗族传统文化生态的有机构成部分。通过田野调查表明,目前典岗的鱼塘总面积还占据着整个村寨聚落总面积的1/3以上,而再将当地乡民的回忆和相关的历史文献结合后发现,在早期村寨建构时,这里的水域面积占到了村寨聚落85%以上。在考虑到当地自然地理环境的特殊性,特别是地表崎岖不平这种特定的地貌背景之后,对形成这样大比例的固定水域,显然是出自人工的有意配置,而不是纯自然运行的产物。这样的人工配置目标则是要让鱼塘为村寨的整体建构发挥三大功能:一是对区域水循环的调控功能;二是起到"防火带"的安全护卫功能;三是带来丰厚的综合产出效益。%Fish ponds play a key role in the whole structure of Dong traditional villages. There are various reasons for Dong people’s love of the secondary eco-system of man-made fish ponds. On one hand, fish ponds, with their ecological adjustment functions, can provide materials, energies and information for the normal operation of Dong communities. On the other hand, such ponds, in the process of Dong’s traditional social construction and the mutual integration between Dong traditional culture and the local natural environment, have obtained some qualities of Dong traditional culture and have thus become an organic component of Dong’s traditional cultural ecology. The survey shows that such ponds

  16. 天津市东丽区病媒生物密度调查结果与分析%Vector density survey results and analysis of Dongli district, Tianjin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许明

    2012-01-01

    Objective To get an insight into the species of biological vectors and their seasonal fluctuation in Dongli district, Tianjin, providing a scientific basis for the control of the hazards of biological vectors. Methods The national biological vector surveillance program was followed for the selection of the surveillance sites, with the night trapping method, trapping lamp method, cage trap method and adhesive killing method used to investigate the density of the rats, mosquitoes, flies and cockroaches. Results It was found that Rattus norvegicus was the dominant species in Dongli district, accounting for 79.55% of the total, followed by Mus musculus, accounting for 20.45%. The rat density peaked in August, followed in May. The density of mosquitoes varied with different habitats with the highest density seen in the livestock shed accounting for 19.52/(lights · h), followed by farmer houses, green parks, hospitals and residential areas. Musca domestica was the dominant fly species, accounting for 58.40% of the total number of the captured. The brown-tail Boettcherisca peregrina and M. sorbes accounted for 20.41% and 7.13%, respectively, the habitats listed in a descending order in terms of the number of flies captured were farmers' houses> markets > residential > green belt. The dominant species of cockroach was Blattella germanica, accounting for 99.81% of the total number of the captured, with its density and infestation rates highest in the farmers market. Conclusion Of all the surveillance sites investigated, the highest rat density is seen in catering industry, the highest rat density of mosquitoes in cattle sheds and the highest density of flies and cockroaches in farmers markets. Prevention and control of the vectors should be taken seriously.%目的 了解天津市东丽区病媒生物的种类及其季节消长规律,为控制病媒生物的危害提供科学依据.方法 按照全国病媒生物监测方案设置监测点,分别采用夹夜法、诱蚊灯

  17. Expression of CCR5 gene mRNA to hepatitis B virus infection in Dong minority%侗族乙型肝炎中CCR5 mRNA的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张禾璇; 何燕; 单可人; 官志忠

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the expression of CCR5 gene mRNA in peripheral blood of the population between Con-gj iang Dong minority from Guizhou,and to evaluate the relevance between CCR5 gene and hepatitis B infection.Methods A total of twenty individuals with AHB infection(AHB group,20 cases),thirty individuals with CHB infection(CHB group,32 cases),Fifty healthy controls of peripheral blood were recruited to conduct a case-control study among Dong ethnicity.Total RNA from blood was extracted and purified by the trizol-phenol-chloroform one-step method.Expression of CCR5 mRNA was detected by using SYBR green supermix real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR.Results The relative expression of CCR5 mRNA in AHB infectiong-roup was (1.119 9±0.723 3),the data of CCR5 mRNA in CHB group was (0.582 3±0.273 6),the data of CCR5 mRNA in con-trol group was (0.798 5±0.349 2)respectively.The results showed that the expression level of CCR5 mRNA in AHB group was significantly higher than that of the control group,CCR5 mRNA expression was lower in CHB group than in control group,the ex-pression level of CCR5 mRNA in AHB group was significantly higher than CHB group(P0.05).Conclusion CCR5 gene is associated with AHB and CHB,there is positive correlation between the expression instensity of CCR5 mRNA and the clearance degrees of HBV possibly.%目的:探讨贵州从江侗族人群外周血白细胞趋化因子受体CCR5(CCR5)基因的mRNA表达与急性乙型肝炎(AHB组)、慢性乙型肝炎(CHB组)的相关性。方法选取侗族人群AHB感染者20例(AHB组)、CHB患者32例(CHB组),以同期该区健康侗族人群50例作为对照组,Trizol-酚-氯仿一步法提取外周血白细胞总 RNA,应用实时荧光定量 RQ-PCR技术检测外周血CCR5 mRNA表达水平。结果 AHB组外周血CCR5 mRNA相对表达量为(1.1199±0.7233),CHB组为(0.5823±0.2736),对照组外周血CCR5 mRNA相对表达量为(0.7985±0.3492

  18. Defining Success in a Dong Village

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    DefiningSuccessinaDongVillageBystaffreporterSIRIAMITCHELLChinaisrushingaheadintothenextcentury,tossingasideoldtraditionsandva...

  19. 引水式小水电对重庆东河大型底栖动物多样性的影响%Impacts of small diversion type hydropower station on benthic macroinvertebrates biodiversity in Dong River in Chongqing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王强; 袁兴中; 刘红; 张耀光; 王志坚

    2014-01-01

    为研究引水式小水电对山区河流底栖动物群落结构及多样性的影响,2011年6月对重庆东河白里电站和红花电站库尾上游河段、库区河段、引水坝下减水河段、电站出水口上游河段、电站出水口下游河段的底栖动物进行调查。调查共采集到大型底栖动物43种,隶属3门4纲30科。结果表明:各河段底栖动物群落结构差异不大,蜉蝣目、毛翅目昆虫为优势类群,各河段水质并无明显差异;库区河段受泥沙淤积影响,降低了生境多样性和异质性,底栖动物密度、生物量和多样性指数显著低于电站出水口下游河段;坝下河段流量减少,生境适宜性降低,底栖动物密度、生物量和多样性明显降低。%In order to explore the influence of small diversion type hydropower stations on macroinvertebrates community and diversity, macroinvertebrates of five river reaches ( upstream of reservoir , reservoir, downstream of the dam and downstream of the station ) of Baili and Honghua stations on Dong River located in Chongqing , China were investigated in June of 2011 .Our results indicated that forty-three species were collected in the survey , subordinating to thirty families , four classes and three phylums .The influences of two small diversion type hydropower stations on macroinvertebrates were not obvious and Ephemeroptera or Trichoptera were still the dominant taxon in all the sampled river reaches .As a conse-quence of sediment deposition , water depth of the reservoir was shallow and its flow pattern was still lotic , which was quite different from that of large dams .Component of macroinvertebrate community in the reservoir was not significantly different from the reaches unaffected by the dam , but the density , biodiversity and biomass were significantly depressed as a result of the loss of habitat diversity and heterogeneity .Mean water width, depth, speed and discharge of the reach in the down

  20. 膜-吸附生物反应器处理东江水的中试研究%Pilot-scale study on membrane adsorption bioreactor (MABR) for treating Dong River water

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩正双; 田家宇; 陈杰; 李凯; 朱春伟; 李圭白

    2012-01-01

    针对东江原水,以混凝沉淀作为预处理,采用中试试验,通过与传统砂滤及单独超滤工艺对比,研究膜-吸附生物反应器(MABR)的除污染效能,并考察MABR的膜污染情况.结果表明:MABR对沉后水中有机物的去除能力明显优于传统砂滤和单独超滤,对CODMn和UV254的平均去除率分别达72.4%和89.1%;系统启动完成后,MABR对沉后水中的NH3-N和NO2--N也表现出良好的去除效能,出水NH3-N和NO2--N质量浓度分别稳定在0.2和0.05 mg/L以下.MABR在连续曝气(强度为12.5 m3/(m2.h),以膜池底面积计算)、20 L/(m2.h)通量、每8 h反冲洗5 min的模式下运行时,膜污染较为严重,跨膜压差平均增长速率为0.51 kPa/d,需进一步优化相关参数以减缓膜污染,缩短化学清洗周期.%A pilot-scale membrane adsorption bioreactor(MABR) was carried out for the drinking water treatment from Dong River water with coagulation-sedimentation as pre-treatment.During the experiments,the MABR exhibited much higher capacity for organic matter removal as compared with the conventional sand-filtration and ultra-filtration alone,with the average removal efficiencies of 72.4% and 89.1% for CODMn and UV254,respectively.During the stable operation period after start-up,the MABR also achieved excellent removal for the influent NH3-N and NO-2-N,the effluent concentrations were maintained below 0.2 mg/L and 0.05 mg/L,respectively.In the investigation,the membrane in MABR was operated under the conditions of constant flux(20 L/(m2·h)),continuous aeration(12.5 m3/(m2·h),calculated based on the bottom area of the membrane tank),and backwashing for 5 min after every 8 h of filtration.Under these conditions,obvious membrane fouling was observed for the membrane,with the average trans-membrane pressure development rate of 0.51 kPa/d.To mitigate membrane fouling and to decrease the chemical cleaning time,it is required to further optimize relevant

  1. The Exploration of Financial Path for City and Industry Integration of ZhunDong Economic and Technological Development Zone%准东经济技术开发区产城融合发展的金融路径探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李硕; 李燕; 刘博涛; 张佳俊

    2016-01-01

    随着准东经济技术开发区产城融合的加快发展,开发区的企业对资金和设备的需求也与日俱增。通过分析短期融资券、中期票据等金融手段在企业融资过程中与银行贷款等手段比较,得出短期融资券、中期票据等金融手段具有明显的优势,其对开发区内企业的信誉积累、资金利用率的提高起到了推动作用。同时对于设备的需求可以建立准东租赁站,结合实证分析,讨论了金融租赁这一金融工具对开发区内的企业在设备需求及更新方面的作用。这为目前准东开发区在产城融合发展中面临的问题,给出了一些可行路径。%With the quickening of ZhunDong economic and technological development area. The demands of Development zone enterprise for capital and equipment is also growing. It is concluded that the short-term financing bonds, medium-term notes has a significant advantage by comparing short-term financing bills, medium-term notes and bank loans. It can improve the credibility and capital utilization rate of development zone.At the same time, we can establish ZhunDong rental station for instruments. With the empirical analysis, the influence of financial rent on equipments needs and updating aspects for development zone enterprises are discussed. It can provide some efficient way to solving the problems ZhunDong development zone is facing.

  2. 东湖主要湖区浮游植物群落结构特征及其与环境因子的关系%Phvtoolankton Community Structure from the Main District in Dong Lake and Its Relationship to Environmental Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶艳婷; 胡胜华; 王燕燕; 吴振斌

    2011-01-01

    [目的]了解东湖浮游植物的分布特征,为今后东湖的水资源开发与水环境保护提供生物学依据.[方法]2010年对武汉东湖4个主要子湖的浮游植物和环境因子进行每月调查.[结果]共检出浮游植物7门123种(绿藻58种,硅藻26种,蓝藻l6神,裸藻14种,其他9种),4个子湖中蓝藻、绿藻和硅藻的数量之和占总数量的98%以上,为东湖的优势藻门;东湖不同子湖的Shannon-Wiener多样性指数均在1~3,属中污水质,湖泊水质为牛巢湖>汤菱湖>郭郑湖>后湖;CCA排序分析表明东湖水体中浮游植物的空间分布主要受硝态氮和氨氮的影响,说明东湖是一个氮营养盐限制型湖泊;对比郭郑湖2010年与20世纪80年代的生物和理化指标,发现水体中硝态氮、氨氮含量和蓝绿藻的现存量都有显著提高.[结论]近年来,东湖从磷限制转变为氮限制型湖泊,富营养化正在日益加剧.%[Objective]The aim of the study was to find out distribution characteristics of phytoplankton in Dong lake and provide biological foundation for developing water resources and protecting water environment in future. [ Method ] Phytoplankton community structures and environmental factors of four main sub-lakes in Dong lake in Wuhan was investigated monthly in 2010. [ Result]The results indicated that 123 species and 7 divisions (58 green algae, 26 diatoms, 16 cyanobacteria, 14 euglenoids, 9 others) of phytoplankton have been identified. In the four sub-lakes, more than 98% of the phytoplankton belonged to the phylum Cyanophyta, Chlorophyta and Bacillariophyta, which constructed the dominant population. Shannon Wiener indexes of phytoplankton in the four sub-lakes ranged from 1 to 3, which showed their middle pollution type. The order of water quality in the four sub-lakes was: Niuchao lake > Tangling lake > Guozheng lake > Hou lake. The results of canonical correspondence analysis(CCA) indicated Dong lake was limited by nutrient

  3. “王化”背景下的族谱编撰与身份建构——贵州清水江下游清代苗侗家谱研究%Genealogy Compiling and Identity Construction in the Context of the Royal State: A Research of Miao and Dong Genealogies in the Lower Reaches of the Qingshui River in Guizhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙泽江; 李斌; 吴才茂

    2012-01-01

    以田野调查所收集的大量清水江下游地区清代和民国版本的苗族侗族家谱为中心,考察了清代清水江下游苗族侗族的建祠修谱、移民记忆、祖先祭祀等宗族活动。认为清代清水江下游地区兴起的以儒家伦理思想为宗旨的宗族制度是边缘社会土著族群建构正统文化身份的普遍策略,同时也是王朝国家推行教化政策,建构边疆社会秩序的重要工具。%Focused on a large number of Miao and Dong genealogies from the Qing Dynasty and the Republic of China collected through fieldwork, the present study is to make a survey of the activities of Miao and Dong clans in the lower reaches area of the Qingshui River in the Qing Dynasty in terms of ancestral hall constructions, genealogy compiling, immigrant memories, ancestor worship and so on. It is concluded that the clan system centered in Confucian ethics was not only the general strategy of orthodox cultural identity construction of the indigenous clans of the marginal social communities in the area, but also an important tool of the royal state to implement its enlightenment policy and to maintain the social order of border areas in the Qing Dynasty.

  4. A Study of Ecological Conducts under Cultural Adaption: A Case Study of Construction of Fish Ponds in Huanggang Dong Community of Guizhou%文化适应下的生态行为研究——以贵州黄岗侗族社区的鱼塘建构为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭书佳

    2012-01-01

    in the process of cultural adaptation, any kind of culture has the functions of creating and maintaining. To one nation, regardless of its size, it has its own living space on the surface of the earth. Meanwhile, the natural features of this unique living space constitute this nation's natural hving environment. For Dong people in Huanggang, which is an area not suitable for an artificial habitat change, after a long period of exploration, through man - made means of changing the fiver courses and digging fish ponds, it helped to reserve resources from the fish ponds. At the same time, it has fully verified Dong people's ecological wisdom when dealing with the relationship properly between resources and environment.%在文化适应的过程中,任何一种文化都具有其创造性与保持性。对一个民族来说,它在地球表面上必有其自己的生存发展空间,这片特有空间的自然特性就构成了该民族的自然生存环境。黄岗侗族人民在一个地表崎岖不平、人为改变生存环境困难的地区,经过长期的探索,通过人工手段改变河道、挖掘鱼塘,并使得建构的鱼塘得到了精心的维护,这其间充分验证了侗族人民正确协调资源与环境之间关系的生态智慧。

  5. Relation Study of P.E.Class Pyschological S atte and Psychological Health of Senior High School Students in Miao and Dong Area%苗侗地区高中生体育课心理状态与心理健康的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关文涛; 程纪香

    2016-01-01

    中国高中生年龄范围大致是15—19岁,这是一个人身心成长的黄金时期,也是未成年人到成年人过度时期。随着国家新课改要求的更新,教师们开始注意和加强学生心理健康教育。本文通过对苗侗地区高中生及教师发放体育课心理状态调查表和心理健康调查表,分析苗侗地区高中生体育课心理状态与心理健康的关系。研究发现体育课心理状态与心理健康成正相关。%Chinese senior high school students are roughly 15 to 19 years old, the golden age of body and mind growth as well as the transition period from adolescent to adult .With requirement of national new curriculum reform updates, teachers begin to pay attention to and strengthen students'psychological health education .Through distributing P.E.class psychological state questionnaires and psychological health questionnaires among senior high school students and teachers in Miao and Dong area , the paper analyzes the relation between P .E.class psychological state and psychological health of senior high school students in Miao and Dong area .The study discovers that P.E.class psychological state is positively related with psychological health .

  6. Danny Dong&Julia Dong 经典永流传

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Carol; 董樑

    2013-01-01

    正一张好的照片不会随着时光流逝而过时,而会成为水恒的岁月经典。"我追求的婚礼摄影风格是多元的。一方面我希望根据新人本身的特点,拍摄出有他们个性色彩的照片。另一方面,我的作品也渐渐形成了自己的鲜明特色,在性感、唯美和典雅中融入了古典画意和现代婚礼纪实。"Danny Dong出生于1979年,在从事婚礼摄影之前,他已经有了一份丰富且漂亮的履历表:毕业于上海外国语大学,做过新东方的GMAT讲师,做过普华永道的审计师,留学美国加州大学攻读MBA……

  7. The Developmental Characteristicss of Tujia and Miao, Dong, Tibetan High School Students' Academic Self and their Countermeasures%土家、苗、侗、藏族高中生学业自我的发展特点及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵小云; 郭成

    2012-01-01

    Academic self-concept refers to a set of stable perception, experience and evaluation that an individual has about his or her academic development in an academic achievement situation. It is an important index to predict one' s academic achievement and a sensitive factor to predict one' s personality wholeness. Thus an effective education should promote the formation and development of one' s positive academic self-concept. However, existing research on adolescents' academic self-concept has been weak and the participants concerned have been the Chinese Han majority from economically developed areas. Hence, the current study was conducted to assess the characteristics of academic self-concept among high school students of four minorities so as to provide evidence for educating and cultivating students' academic self-concept in southwest China. The study made use of the Academic Self-Concept Questionnaire, which was developed by professor Guo Cheng and was later revised by Zhao Xiaoyun as a measure of students' academic self-concept. A total of 452 high school students participated in this study ; all of them are ethnic minorities of Tujia, Miao, Dong and Tibet in southwest China. The results showed that ( 1 ) The development level of minorities' academic self-concept was in the middle, and there was no significant difference among the four ethic groups. But on the academic achievement value dimension, the Tibetan students' scores were significantly lower than the Tujia, Miao, Dong students'. (2) On total academic self-concept, gender differences were not significant among the four minorities. However, on the academic ability perception dimension, the boys' scores of Tujia, Dong and Tibet were higher than the girls' , which were elos to a significantly difference (p = . 059, p = . 051, p = . 084). On the academic behavior self-control dimension, the boys' scores of Tujia were significantly higher than the girls' (p 〈. 05

  8. Comparison and Analysis between New Revised Chinese National Standard of Mycotoxins and New CAC Maximum Standards%新修订真菌毒素国家标准与CAC最新限量标准的对比与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李为喜; 孙娟; 董晓丽; 杨秀兰; 李静梅; 宋敬可; 王步军

    2011-01-01

    介绍了食品中主要真菌毒素的毒理,比较了中国食品安全国家标准和国际食品法典委员会(CAC)标准中真菌毒素限量指标,研究并确认了新、旧版真菌毒素国家标准之间以及新版真菌毒素国家标准与CAC最新限量标准之间的差异,为提高中国食品安全监管水平、保护人民健康、有效应对国际贸易及国外技术性贸易壁垒提供依据。%Toxicity of main mycotoxins was introduced.Maximum levels(MLs) in Chinese national food safety standard were also compared with the Codex Alimentarius Commission(CAC)mycotoxin standard.Therefore,the difference between revised and previous Chinese standard for mycotoxin,as well as the difference between the revised Chinese standard and CAC standard for mycotoxin were studied and confirmed.All these studies will help China to facilitate monitoring food safety,to protect human health,and to deal with technical barrier in world trade.

  9. Dong Zhongshu’s Changeable Dialectical and Progressive Historical Concept Based on “Santong and Sandao”%董仲舒依“三统、三道”不断更化的辩证进步历史观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王永祥

    2014-01-01

    Based on the cycle theory of “Santong and Sanzheng”, it is wrong to conclude Dong Zhongshu’s metaphysic concept of natural law and concept of history of “if nature does not change, the law does not change, either” . His social and historical philosophy is a changeable historical concept of “The king who follows after the turbulent times changes his kingly governing way and those who conclude that Dong Zhongshu’s concept of history is cycle theory actually evade intentionally or unintentially his affirmation to “Tang-Wu Revolution”; His historical and phylosophical methodology is “taking previous cases as examples to make the future kings clear how to govern his country”; His historical philosophy is the political views of “he who governs the country should take gathering virtous and able persons as his governing way”. In summary, based on “Santong and Sandao” , his social and historical philosophy is a changeable dialectical and progressive social and historical concept.%以“三统、三正”的循环论,论定董仲舒“天不变,道亦不变”之形而上学的天道观与历史观,是错误的。董子的社会历史哲学是“继乱世者其道变”的不断更化的历史观;一切论定董仲舒的历史观为循环论者,实际上都有意或无意地回避了他对“汤武革命”的肯定;其历史哲学方法论是“举往以明来”;是“治国者以积贤为道”的政治论。概括起来即是:依照“三统、三道”不断更化的辩证进步的社会历史观。

  10. Genetic Polymorphism of Mitochondrial DNA in Dong, Gelao,Tujia, and Yi Ethnic Populations from Guizhou, China%贵州侗族、仡佬族、土家族和彝族人群线粒体DNA多态性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李彬彬; 钟复光; 易红生; 王先然; 李良芳; 王丽兰; 齐晓岚; 吴立甫

    2007-01-01

    从母系遗传的角度揭示世居贵州的侗族、仡佬族、土家族和彝族人群的的遗传结构和遗传分化关系,并对各民族的族源和迁徙进行初步的探讨.采用高变区序列分析与编码区PCR-RFLP分析相结合的方法对4个群体108例样本进行mtDNA多态性分析,共鉴定了37种(亚)单倍群,单倍群分布频率及主成分分析显示:侗族含有高比例的南方优势单倍群,表现出典型的南方群体特征;彝族兼有高比例的南北方优势单倍群,提示它同时具有南北方群体的一些母系遗传特征;彝族和仡佬族聚在一起,可能是由于历史上两个民族的先民曾发生过广泛的基因交流.%To reveal the genetic structures and relationships of the four ethnic populations from the maternal inheritance and explore the origins and migrations of nationalities, the genetic polymorphism of mtDNA in Dong, Gelao, Tujia, and Yi populations from Guizhou was studied by direct sequencing of hypervariable segmentⅠ (HVSⅠ) and PCR-RFLP of coding region. Thirty-seven (sub-) haplogroups were identified in the classification tree of mtDNA haplogroups. Haplogroup distributions and principal component (PC) analysis showed that the Dong has high frequencies of south-prevalent haplogroups, which indicates that it is a typically southern population. The Yi harbors high frequencies of the south-prevalent and northern-prevalent haplogroups, which demonstrates that it inherits the maternal characteristics from both southern and northern populations. The Yi and Gelao cluster together,the reason for which might be that their ancestries frequently underwent gene exchanges and mixtures.

  11. 黔东南苗侗传统村落生态博物馆整体性保护探析%Holistic Protection of the “Biological Museum”in Traditional Villages of Miao and Dong Minorities in Southeast Guizhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王东; 唐孝祥

    2016-01-01

    传统村落文化遗产由物质文化遗产和非物质文化遗产组成。文章以黔东南苗侗传统村落的生态博物馆为研究对象,结合建筑文化遗产的整体性保护原则,一方面,从村落建筑风貌、村巷肌理、村落景观要素、村落山水田园环境格局四个层面分析黔东南苗侗传统村落生态博物馆的物质文化遗产层面的保护;另一方面,从生态博物馆的“非遗”文化活动、“非遗”文化空间、信息资料中心对“非遗”保护三个方面分析其非物质文化遗产层面的保护,以期实现黔东南苗侗传统村落生态博物馆的物质文化遗产和非物质文化遗产的整体性保护。%The cultural heritage of the traditional villages includes the material cultural heritage and the in-tangible cultural heritage.Based on the holistic protection principle of the architectural cultural heritage,this article explored the “Biological Museum”in traditional villages of Miao and Dong Minorities in Southeast Guizhou.On the one hand,village building styles,lane texture,landscape elements,and rural environment pattern were researched to analyze the protection of material cultural heritage;on the other hand,intangible cul-tural activities,intangible cultural space,and protection strategies of the Information Center were discussed to explore the protection of intangible cultural heritage.Therefore,the aim of holistic protection of the “Biological Museum”in traditional villages of Miao and Dong Minorities in Southeast Guizhou will be achieved.

  12. 高职院校科研“协同创新”的实践与探索①--以广东科学技术职业学院为例%Practice and Exploration of“Collaborative Innovation”in Scientific Research in Higher Vocational College based on GuangDong Institute of Science and Tecnology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阜艳

    2016-01-01

    Based on the guide of“collaborative innovation”idea and practical experience of the construction of software technology innovation and development center of department of GuangDong Institute of Science and Tecnology,the paper is stated how to improve the Countermeasures of Higher Vocational Colleges research collaborative innovation level. The institutional innovatio,mechanism construction, platform of scientific research and scientific research team were discussed as the most important topics. Finally, the successful cases provide reference to other higher vocational colleges to carry out the“collaborative innovation”project better.%以“协同创新”理念为指导,从广东科学技术职业学院软件技术专业协同创新发展中心建设的实践经验出发,探索如何提高高职院校产学研协同创新水平的对策研究,重点围绕制度创新、机制建设、科研平台、科研团队等方面进行讨论,为其他高职院校实施“协同创新”提供参考。

  13. 关于镇江宋元粮仓的几个问题——转般仓、淮东总领所、大军仓%Research on Granary Remains in Zhenjiang of the Song and Yuan Dynasties:Zhuan-Ban Granary;Huai-Dong Zong-Ling Suo;Da-Jun Granary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王书敏

    2011-01-01

    综合考古资料以及文献记载来看,镇江双井路遗址发现的南宋八座仓储遗迹,应该是转运司下属的转般仓,而转般仓与南宋淮东总领所及其所属的大军仓有着比较密切的关系。考古发现的一座元代仓储遗迹,应该是在南宋转般仓旧址设置的大军仓。%According to the archaeological data and literature,the remains of eight granaries of the Southern Song Dynasty excavated at the site of Shuang Jing Road in Zhenjiang are believed to be the Zhuan-Ban Granaries owned by the Transport Department,which has a close relationship with the Zong-Ling Suo,a gov-ernment office in charge of local armies' food and money supplies,of Huai-Dong area and the Da-Jun Gran-aries it administrated.The remain of one granary of the Yuan Dynasty excavated at this site is believed to be a Da-Jun Granary set upon the old site of a Zhuan-Ban Granary of the Southern Song Dynasty.

  14. Tasting Life and Singing Life--Comment on the Collection of Novelettes Rainy Day Mandala by Guo Xiao-dong%品味生存,咏叹生命──评郭小东中篇小说集《雨天的曼陀罗》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    连思齐

    2014-01-01

    Guo Xiao-dong is one of most important writers in the contemporary literature circles of Guangdong. Rainy Day Mandala is the only one collection of Guo’s novelettes. Through a general survey to Guo’s seven novelletts in Rainy Day Mandala, the author of this paper finds out that loving life, tasting life, singing life, and pursuing the value of life have been the core themes all along Guo’s creations, fully reflecting Guo’s humanistic feelings.%郭小东是新时期广东省最重要的作家之一。《雨天的曼陀罗》是其迄今为止所有中篇小说的结集,也是新时期文学特别是中篇小说领域的重要作品。综观《雨天的曼陀罗》中的七部中篇小说,热爱生活、品味生存、咏叹生命、追寻价值,始终是作家执着的主题,也是其创作的灵魂与内核,体现出其博大深邃的人文情怀。

  15. Case-control study on the risk factors of type 2 diabetes of Dong nationality in Western Hunan%湘西地区侗族2型糖尿病危险因素的病例对照研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘立亚; 陈立章; 戴进雄; 陈家雄; 梁颖; 裴庭立; 黄永斌

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨湘西地区侗族人群2型糖尿病(type 2 diabetes mellitus,T2DM)的相关危险因素,为该地区T2DM的防治提供科学依据。方法:采用病例对照研究方法,通过口服葡萄糖耐量试验(oral glucose tolerance test,OGTT)将研究对象分为T2DM,糖调节受损(impaired glucose regulation,IGR)和糖耐量正常(normal glucose tolerance,NGT)3组,分别对3组人群进行问卷调查、体格测量以及血糖、血脂、血清胰岛素等生化指标检测。结果:单因素分析结果发现:不同糖代谢组间的年龄,空腹胰岛素(fasting insulin,FINS), HOMA模型胰岛素抵抗指数(HOMA insulin resistance index,HOMA-IRI)和β细胞功能指数(HOMA β-cell function index,HOMA-βC),三酰甘油(trigalloyl glycerol,TG),高密度脂蛋白胆固醇(high density lipoprotein cholesferol,HDL-C),收缩压,舒张压等指标差异有统计学意义(P70岁组的OR值分别是1.85,2.83和2.64(P Methods: In the case-control study, the subjects were divided into a T2DM group, an impaired glucose regulation (IGR) group and a normal glucose tolerance (NGT) group through oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). A questionnaire survey was conducted, and physical measurements and the detection of blood glucose, blood lipids and serum insulin were done. Results: Univariate analysis found signiifcant difference in age, fasting insulin (FINS), HOMA insulin resistance index (HOMA-IRI), HOMA β-cell function index (HOMA-βC), trigalloyl glycerol (TG), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), systolic blood pressure, and diastolic blood pressure in the glucose metabolism among different groups (P70 were 1.85, 2.83 and 2.64 respectively,P Conclusion: The main influencing factors of T2DM of Dong nationality in Western Hunan include age, BMI, WHR, family history of diabetes, fat and protein-rich foods. We must strengthen the health eduation of T2DM of Dong nationality in Western Hunan to reduce the

  16. “桃源”镜像的圆融与疏隔--从东篱、辋川到石湖%On the Harmong and Esfrangement of the Peach-Blossom-Source Image:From Dongli and Wangchuan to Shihu Lake

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹祥平

    2013-01-01

    Literature is an image of life, and life is the source of literature. As a unique image in liferature,“Peach-Blossom”relfects different real life sources in different authors’ writings in different times, such as Tao Yuanming’s Dongli, Wang Wei’s Wangchuan and Fan Chengda’s Shihu Lake. Originally, the hidden “Peach-Blossom-Source”exists in the real world, which is full of human feelings Therefore, Tao’s East-Hedge and Fan’s Shihu Lake bear aesthetic harmony of“Peach-Blossom-Source”,while Wang’s Wangchuan estranges from“Peach-Blossom-Source”owing to his loneliness and lack of human feelings in his later life.%文学是生活的镜像,生活是文学的物像。“桃源”作为一种独特的文学镜像,在不同时代、不同作家的隐逸生活与文学创作中,对应着不同的现实物像,如陶渊明的“东篱”、王维的“辋川”、范成大的“石湖”等。但由于原初意义上的“桃源”镜像的独特性在于隐逸而不失人间情怀,因此陶渊明的“东篱”、范成大的“石湖”与“桃源”镜像之间呈现出圆融的美学特征;而王维则由于晚年身心枯寂,缺乏完全投入的人间情怀,故“辋川”与“桃源”镜像之间便有所疏隔。

  17. 广西少数民族地区旅游信息化建设研究——以三江侗族自治县为例%On Building Tourism Informatization in Minority Nationality Region of Guangxi——A Case of Dong Autonomous County of Sanjiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林菁

    2012-01-01

      Based on the case study of tourism informatization development of Dong Autonomous County of Sanjiang, the paper points out the building of tourism informatization of minority nationality regions of Guangxi should take the following conditions into account, unique resources, location and economic situation. Government’s guidance, tourism industry’s pos-itive response and the building of talent impact on the tourism informatization. Meanwhile, through the summary of case study, the paper puts forward measures to solve problems in the hope of shedding light on the building of tourism informati-zation of minority nationality regions of Guangxi.%  文章以三江侗族自治县的旅游信息化发展进行实证研究,指出广西少数民族地区旅游信息化建设水平受制于其独特的资源条件、区位条件和经济条件。强调政府引导是关键,旅游企业积极响应是重点,人才建设是保障,它们共同决定信息化的成效。通过总结三江侗族自治县开展旅游信息化建设的实践,找出存在问题,提出完善对策,以期为广西少数民族地区开展旅游信息化建设提供经验。

  18. 旅游开发进程中侗族传统文化传承研究——以湖南芷江、通道侗族自治县为例%Research on the Smriti of Traditional Folk Culture of the DONG Natinality in the Process of Tourism Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄诚; 邱珺

    2011-01-01

    The leading actions of the policy of tourism development arouse great changes to the economic social structure of the tribes of traditional nationality. Choosing Dong autonomous county ,Zhijiang and Tongdao ,which experienced great change on social culture after tourism development as the research objects, adopting empirical research method, we explore the relation between tourism development and the smriti of traditional culture with cultural identity, language and the dress, customs,etiquette and religious festivals as observation index, discover the influence of tourism on background, field, subject, mechanism and methods of the smriti of traditional folk culture in Dang autonomous county ,Zhijiang and Tongdao to propose appropriate methods, which protect and promote the traditional folk culture of Dang Nationality at the matter of the smriti on field, subject, mechanism and methods.%旅游开发这种政策主导行为的嵌入引致传统民族乡土聚落经济社会结构的变迁。选取旅游开发的社会文化后果显著的芷江、通道侗族民族自治县为研究对象,采用实证研究方法,以文化认同、语言服饰、风俗礼仪和宗教节令为观测指标,探讨旅游开发与文化传承的关系,发现旅游开发的嵌入解构了芷江、通道侗族传统文化传承的背景、场域、主体、机制和方式。提出保护和弘扬侗族民俗传统文化,要重构侗族传统文化传承场域、传承机制、传承主体和传承方式。

  19. 广西三江侗族自治县民族文化旅游业发展对策探析——基于波特“钻石模型”视角%On the Countermeasures of Ethnic Cultural Tourism Development Sanjiang Dong Autonomous County in Guangxi Based on Porter's Diamond Model Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁君; 郑兴波; 陈显军

    2012-01-01

    广西三江侗族自治县拥有丰富的生态资源、人文资源,少数民族众多,民族文化积淀深厚,近年来,民族文化旅游业得到了迅猛发展,但由于地处偏远、交通不便利、经济欠发达等原因,其优势还没得到充分彰显。在实地调研的基础上,从波特“钻石模型”角度出发,指出其民族文化旅游业发展中存在的问题,提出应对文化旅游资源进行科学、合理、有序的开发,挖掘其文化内涵价值,将文化旅游资源优势转变成现实的产业优势和经济优势,改善三江地区经济状况等对策。%There are rich ecological resources, human resources, many national minority, and profound cul- tural background in Sanjiang dong autonomous county in Guangxi. In recent years, the ethnic culture tourism has been rapidly developing. Because of the remote location, the inconvenient traffic, the less de- veloped economy and other reasons, the advantages has not fully displayed. Due to the field survey, and based on the aspect of Porter's Diamond Model, this paper points out the problems existing in the devel- opment of cultural tourism resources, and proposes some suggestions .that we should exploit culture tourism resources in a scientific, reasonable and orderly way, dig out its cultural content value deeply, and transform the cultural tourism resources advantages economic conditions in sanjiang region.

  20. Investigation and Related Factors Analysis of Deciduous Teeth Caries of Preschool Children in Dong Ethnic Area of Sansui County in Guizhou%贵州三穗县侗族3~6岁儿童乳牙龋病及相关因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁媛园; 梁燕

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the current status of deciduous caries among 3~6 years old pre-school children in Dong ethnic area of Sansui county in Guizhou Province and analyze the related risk factors. Methods:247 3 ~6 years old preschool children in Dong ethnic area of Sansui county in Guizhou Province were selected by cluster sampling method as subjects. According to the criteria rec-ommended by the Third National Oral Health Investigation and questionnaire survey,the caries preva-lence rate,mean DMFT were calculated,and prevalence of dental caries was analyzed by logistic re-gression analysis of related factors. Results:The total incidence of the dental caries was 66. 4%, mean DMFT was 3 . 27 ,and the rate of caries and filled is 0 . The caries prevalence of male and female children were 63 . 9% and 69 . 9%,and the difference was statistically significant( P﹤0 . 01 ). The differences of deciduous teeth caries rate in different ages of children were statistically significant( P﹤0. 05). The most suffered teeth with dental caries were mandibular second molars. The rate of dental caries mandibular molars was higher than that of maxillary molars( P﹤0 . 01 ). The rate of maxillary anterior teeth caries was higher than that of mandibular anterior teeth(P﹤0. 01). Family income,ed-ucation level of parents and brushing times are correlated to the occurrence of deciduous caries. Con-clusion:The caries prevalence rate of preschool children among the Dong ethnic area is relatively high,and the filling rate was overwhelmingly low. Strengthening dental care guidance for their parents and the prevention of dental caries canˊt be ignored.%目的:调查贵州三穗侗族区3~6岁儿童乳牙龋病流行现状,分析其相关发病因素。方法:整群抽样方法抽取贵州三穗县247名3~6岁侗族儿童为调查对象,按照第3次全国口腔流行病学调查诊断标准进行口腔检查及问卷调查,分别计算不同性别及年龄段儿童患龋率

  1. PENGARUH KARAKTERISTIK PERUSAHAAN TERHADAP LUAS PENGUNGKAPAN INFORMASI KEUANGAN PADA WEBSITE PERUSAHAAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda Agustina

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menguji dampak dari karakteristik perusahaan terhadap tingkat pengungkapan keuangan pada website. Populasi sebanyak 206 perusahaan yang dipilih sebagai sampel dengan menggunakan metode purposive sampling. Hipotesis penelitian ini diuji dengan menggunakan analisis regresi logistik ordinal. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa besar kecilnya adalah signifikan sedangkan profitabilitas, persentase saham yang dimiliki oleh perusahaan publik dan usia secara statistik tidak signifikan pada tingkat pengungkapan keuangan di website. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perusahaan besar dan perusahaan yang sudah beroperasi lama dalam mengoperasikan bisnis lebih cenderung untuk mengungkapkan informasi keuangan pada website. Abstract The objective of this study is to examine effects of firm’s characteristics to the financial disclosure on the website. The population was 206 companies were chosen by purposive sampling. The hypotheses were tested by using ordinal logistic regression analysis. The result of study shows that the variable of firm size is statistically significant. On the contrary, the other variables  such as profitability, the percentage of shares held by public and firm age are statistically not significant to the financial disclosures on the website. Finally, the larger companies and the companies that have longer operate the bussiness are more likely to disclose the financial information on the website.Keywords: financial information; website; disclosure; firm’s characteristics

  2. Pengaruh Luas Lahan, Produksi, Ketahanan Pangan dan Harga Gabah Terhadap Kesejahteraan Petani Padi di Kabupaten Pasuruan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Wahed

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to look at the influence of Land, Production, Food Security and Welfare against the Grain Prices Rice Farmers Rice in the Pasuruan. This research was conducted in the Kedemungan village Kejayan District of Pasuruan. This research was conducted by used Probability Sampling, determination of the respondents in a random way (Stratified Sampling. Then next analyzed using multiple regression analysis. The results showed that the area of land, production, Resilience food and grain prices have a significant influence effect on the level of welfare of rice farmers (NTP and showed a positive relationship.

  3. Desain Didaktis Penalaran Matematis untuk Mengatasi Kesulitan Belajar Siswa SMP pada Luas dan Volume Limas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sulistiawati Sulistiawati

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh rendahnya kemampuan penalaran matematis siswa SMP pada materi geometri. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian desain didaktis (didactial design research.  Penelitian diawali dengan studi pendahuluan untuk mendapatkan data kesulitan belajar (learning obstacle yang dilaksanakan di SMP Negeri 29 Bandung kelas IXE sebanyak 35 orang, SMA Negeri 1 Lembang kelas XI IPA2 sebanyak 41 orang, dan STKIP Siliwangi Bandung mahasiswa semester VI sebanyak 49 orang pada tahun pelajaran 2011/2012 semester genap. Selanjutnya, dikembangkan desain didaktis yang diujicobakan terbatas kepada 30 siswa kelas VIII B SMP Assalam Bandung. Dari uji coba terbatas dilakukan analisis untuk menyusun desain didaktis revisi. Hasil dari penelitian ini diantaranya perangkat pembelajaran yang digunakan pada pembelajaran sebelum menggunakan desain didaktis belum dapat menggali kemampuan penalaran matematis, desain didaktis penalaran matematis yang dikembangkan dapat memperkecil gap yang dihadapi siswa, dan siswa memberikan tanggapan positif terhadap desain didaktis yang dikembangkan.The background of this research was the lack of junior high school students’ mathematical reasoning in geometry. This research used Didactical Design Research (DDR method which started by a preliminary study to 35 students of grade IX E Public Junior High School 29 Bandung, 41 students of grade XI Science Program of Senior High School 1 Lembang, and 49 students of Siliwangi College of Education Bandung in semester VI for academic year 2011/2012. The preliminary study was aimed to explore students’ learning obstacles to develep didactical design. The developed didactical design was implemented to 30 students of grade VII B of Assalam Junior High School Bandung. After this implementation the developed didactical design was revised. The results of this research were the learning tools used by previous teacher have not explored mathematical reasoning yet, the developed didactical design had minimized students’ gaps, and students had positive response about the learning.

  4. Magnit untuk Obturator pada Pasca Maksilektomi dengan Defek yang Luas (Laporan Kasus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Himawan Chandra

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Paper ini melaporkan penggunaan lempeng magnit dalam rekonstruksi prostetik pada kasus pasca maksilektomi. Lempeng magnit ini menghubungkan kerangka dari resin akrilik yang dibuat ekstra oral dengan obturator intra oral. Konstruksi ini dapat memberikan retensi yang memuaskan pada obturator untuk rahang tidak bergigi, menggantikan retensi yang seharusnya diperoleh dari cengkeram yang diletakkan pada gigi, dari jaringan parut mukosa pipi atau dari defek pada palatum. Dengan demikian obturator yang dicekatkan dengan magnit dapat mengembalikan fungsi makan, minum, bicara, dan estetika serta kepercayaan diri pasien pasca maksilektomi, juga mempermudah proses pembuatan gigi tiruan selanjutnya.

  5. KEBIASAAN MAKAN DAN LUAS RELUNG BEBERAPA JENIS UDANG DAN IKAN DI PESISIR MUARA KAKAP, KALIMANTAN BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Endah Purnamaningtyas

    2015-08-01

    rendah, baikmakanan maupun ruang. Shrimp and fish resources are export commodities of the fisheries sector and are a main target for fishing effort inWest Kalimantan. Food is an important key to the growth and survival of fish. The purpose of this study was to evaluate eating habits and extensive niche some kind of shrimp and fish in the coastal waters of Muara Snapper,West Kalimantan. Samples were obtained from shrimp and fish catches of fishermen landed at the fish auction place as much as 4 replications (March, June, September and November 2012. The analytical method used to determine the feeding habits of fish is a combination of qualitative and quantitative analysis using the lion’s share index (index of preponderance and estimated trophic level of fish jens using clustering analysis (dendogram based on the Euclidean distance of the complete linkage (complete linkange. The results showed that the group of shrimp in these waters are generally scavengers (scavenger in the form of remnants of animal and vegetable organisms that are in the bottom waters. The fish in the waters of many utilizing crustaceans, plants and worms as a source of food, so the chances are very low competition, good food and space.

  6. Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran Strategi IDEAL Problem Solving Berbantuan Puzzquare Materi Luas Daerah Segiempat Kelas VII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eny Susiana

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This research is classified as the developmental research. It develops learning materials using IDEAL problem solving strategy supported by Puzzquare for quadrilateral area for grade VII. The goals of this research are the development of learning materials using IDEAL problem solving strategy supported by Puzzquare is valid and learning process using that materials is effective. The development of learning materials on this research used 4-D model (Thiagarajan, Semmel and Semmel: (1 Define, (2 Design, (3 Develop, and (4 Disseminate. The developed learning-materials are (1 syllabus (2 lesson plan, (3 handbook, (4 student activity sheet, and (5 problem solving ability test. Keyword: The Development of Learning Material, IDEAL Problem Solving, Puzzquare

  7. Analisis Luas Penampang dan Pengaruh Jarak Terhadap Transmisi Daya pada Wireless Charger Universal Smartphone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Very Bagus Saputra

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Wireless technology is the development of technology that is needed currently given the technological advances in electronic devices very rapidly. Every electronic devices certainly require electric power and cable as the conductor. Therefore, if there is a tool that can transfer electric power without wires, it would be more easy for the user to use the electronic devices. Transfer of electrical energy wireless has several advantages over using a cable that can increase comfort in the use of electrical equipment and can reduce the amount of electronic waste. . The method used for wireless energy transfer in this paper uses an resonance techniques inductive electromagnetic field. User create two shaped copper solenoid coils used to generate the mutual inductance. Wireless electrical energy transfer circuit consists of two circuits that the transmitter and receiver circuit. Transmitter circuit consists of a series LC oscillation and receiver circuit is a merger several electronic components. Realization tool works well with setting the appropriate components. However, the effect of distance between the coil greatly affect the value of the electricity that is able to be transferred. The test results showed that the receiver coil sectional area of 2.5 mm2 be able to receive a maximum power of 1.36 watts and the farthest distance of 12 cm. So, the farther away the distance between the coils, the smaller energy capable to be transfer.

  8. Effects of Location Fertilization Managements on the Nitrogen-fixing Bacteria Diversities of Soybean in Dong-bei black soil%定位培肥对东北黑土土壤固氮菌多样性的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王大庆; 刘朴方; 孙泰朋; 孟雨田; 赵伟; 王宏燕

    2016-01-01

    基于10年的黑土培肥定位试验,本试验采用PCR-DGGE、克隆测序技术的方法,研究了培肥处理对大豆固氮菌多样性的影响。 DGGE 图谱分析表明对照土壤固氮菌多样性指数最高,其次为农肥低量处理、农化1:1处理、化肥低量处理和农肥高量处理,化肥高量处理土壤固氮菌多样性指数最低。在相似度60%水平上化肥处理聚成一群,对照、农肥处理和农化1:1处理量聚成一群。培肥处理降低了土壤固氮菌的多样性,影响了土壤中固氮菌的群落结构,其中培肥高量处理比低量处理降低土壤固氮菌多样性的效果更显著。%Through a 10-year experiment site on black soil, our paper studied the effects of location fertilization managements on the nitrogen-fixing bacteria diversities of soybean in Dong-bei black soil by PCR-DGGE and clone sequencing methods. DGGE atlas analysis demonstrated that nitrogen-fixing bacteria diversities of CK was the highest and the lowest nitrogen-fixing bacteria diversities was high chemical fertilizer treatment and then was low manure fertilizer, 1/2 manure fertilizer plus 1/2 chemical fertilizer, low chemical fertilizer, and high manure fertilizer. There were two groups in similarity 60% level, one was chemical fertilizer, the other was CK, manure fertilizer, and 1/2 manure fertilizer plus 1/2 chemical fertilizer. Fertilizer managements reduced nitrogen-fixing bacteria diversities of soybean and influenced community structures of nitrogen-fixing bacteria, especially high fertilizer managements could decrease nitrogen-fixing bacteria diversities of soybean more notablly than low fertilizer managements.

  9. 从董仲舒天人观看“阴阳五行”思想对中国古代天学与政治互动之影响%The Influence of“Yin-Yang and Five Elements”on the Interaction between the Science of Heavens and Politics in Ancient China:From Dong Zhongshu's Heaven-Human Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莉源

    2014-01-01

    Dong Zhongshu is a thinker in the West-Han period, whose idea is an integration of many schools of the Warrior States pe-riod, with the Confucius fatalism and social-political ethics as the main line, combining the Maoist theology, the Yin-Yang natural philosophy, the Taoist law of heaven-human interaction, etc. into a broad and profound theoretical system. The unique interaction of human and nature he proposed explains strange celestial phenomena, natural disasters. Meanwhile, he also maintained the rulers should “abide by the heaven”and “learn from the past”, and explaining historical changes with “Santongshuo”. He introduced Yin-Yang Five Elements into his ideas, bridging human and nature and promoting the interaction of the science of heavens and politics, which becomes the main line in the historical development of the science of heavens in ancient China.%董仲舒是西汉时期的思想家,他的学说融合了战国末期的各家学说,以儒家的天命观及其社会政治伦理思想为主线,并揉和吸收了墨家宗教神学、阴阳家自然哲学、道家人法天道等学说,最终构成了一个博大而精微的理论体系。他提出了独特的天人感应理论,并以其解释异常天象、自然灾害及其他自然现象,同时他还主张统治者应“奉天”而“法古”,又以“三统说”的历史循环论来解释朝代更替时的改历现象。董仲舒的天人感应理论,成功地将阴阳五行引入到天与人的沟通和感应中,成为连接天象与人事的桥梁,将天道自然与人事政治紧密连接在一起,从侧面推动和影响了天学与政治的互动发展,使天学与政治的互动成为中国古代天学在历史发展长卷中的主线索。

  10. The Research on the Development of Sport-Tourism Industries in Minority Areas--A Case Study of Sanjiang Dong Autonomous County in Guangxi%少数民族地区体育旅游产业发展研究--以广西三江侗族自治县为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟燕森

    2014-01-01

    As a minority Autonomous County, the development of sport-tourism industries in Sanjiang Dong Autonomous County have a good basic conditions: the rich sport-tourism resources, the continuous improvement of industrial policy, a good industrial base and broad market environment. But the existing problems cannot be ignored: The backward level of economic development, the backward management sys-tem and the lack of effective leadership to the development of industrial integration, the market scale not yet formed, the lack of composite management personnel. Based on this, the paths Sanjiang developing the sport-tourism industries in the future mainly lie in: conduct the innovation of management system and gov-ernment focus on supporting, cluster development and Form a brand, construct industry development plat-form for communication and display.%作为少数民族自治县,三江侗族自治县发展体育旅游产业具有很好的基础条件:体育旅游资源极其丰富,不断完善的产业政策,良好的产业基础,市场环境明朗。但其存在的问题也不容忽视:经济发展水平落后,管理体制落后、缺乏对产业融合发展的有效领导,市场规模尚未形成,复合经营管理人才匮乏。基于此,未来三江县体育旅游产业的发展路径主要在于:进行管理制度创新、政府重点扶持,集聚发展、形成品牌,构建产业发展的交流与展示平台,加强人才的引进和培育等四个方面。

  11. Ethnic Origin and National Cultural Identity Change-Taking the Dong Village of Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous as an Example%族籍变更与民族文化认同——以恩施州的侗族乡为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祝方林

    2012-01-01

    我国的民族识别经过了四个阶段,其中“文革”后的民族识别、重建工作是其第四阶段。在这个阶段,地方政府依据村民族籍可变更的政策,更改了村民的族籍。族籍变更初期,由于民族文化集体记忆的碎片化,以及村民还处在追求基本的生存需要阶段,因此民族文化认同较弱。21世纪,当文化作为一种资源渗透到经济领域时,民族文化便成了人们休闲消费的需要。在这种背景下,侗族乡尝试利用侗族文化来发展乡村旅游。在政府主导、大众媒介广泛宣传下,枫村自觉接受重构了的侗族文化符号,为村民建构了集体记忆;在与外来游人的互动中逐渐产生了较强的民族文化认同。%Our country's nationality distinguished passed through four stages, including "the Great Cultural Revolution". The nationality distinction and reconstruction belongs to its fourth stage. In this stage, the local government used the national policy about villager's ethnic origin to change theirs. The ethnic origin changed initial period, as a result of the ethnic culture and collective memory was fragment, as well as the villagers were also in pursues the most basic survival need, therefore the ethnic culture identity is weak. In the 21st century, when the culture takes one resources seep to the economic domain, the ethnic culture has then become the need which the people leisure expends. In this context, the Dong culture has been used to develop the village traveling. The government leads, the mass media widespread, the villagers accepted that have restructured the Dong's collective memory for the villagers. At the same, they interacted with visitors which have had the strong ethic culture identity gradually.

  12. Deformation control of Beijing international airport line Dong zhimen station crossing the existing turn line%首都国际机场线东直门车站上跨下穿既有折返线变形控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴锋波; 金淮; 马雪梅; 谢孟卿

    2011-01-01

    It is an important high risk engineering project that the new urban raikway transits existing traffic stations or lines. Strict deformation control should be taken for the project of crossing over and under passing of an existing metro tunnel, so as to keep the existing metro tunnel to operate safely. The coalescence of third-party monitoring measurement and synchronous lifting control technology is used for deformation control of the international airport line Dong zhimen station project which crosses the existing No. 13 metro turn line. The monitoring measurement takes close attention to the deformation of the tunnel and track structure and finds some data beyond the value allowed many times. The coalescence of automatic measurement system and synchronous lifting control system has been applied to the displacement control, and the existing turn line keeps operating safely. The results show that the coalescence of third-party monitoring measurement and synchronous lifting control technology could control excessive displacement of the existing line effectively. This method is worth to be used in similar engineering projects.%新建城市轨道交通穿越既有线为重大风险工程,综合上跨和下穿两种形式的穿越更应严格控制既有线的变形,保证既有线的安全运营.通过第三方监测和微量位移技术相结合的方式,对首都机场线东直门车站上跨和下穿既有13号线折返线工程进行变形控制.监测过程中密切关注隧道结构和轨道结构的变形,发现多次数据超值现象,经过自动化监测系统和顶升系统的同步应用,对既有折返线进行了有效的位移调控,既有13号线折返线的安全运营未受影响.结果表明第三方监测和微量位移技术的结合可及时掌控既有线的安全状态,有效调整既有线的过量位移,值得类似工程推广.

  13. Historical Heroes, Memory Competition, and Ethnic Identity:A Study Based on a Survey in Shangbao Dong Ethnic Village, Suining County, Hunan Province%历史英雄、记忆争夺与族群认同--基于湖南省绥宁县上堡侗寨的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晴锋

    2014-01-01

    As a historical hero and ethnic symbol in Shangbao Dong Minority, the “Lord of Wulie”, Li T ianbao, permeates daily activities of local people and in local legends.T he ambiguity and self-inconsis-tency in the official discourse has left great space for the plasticity and creativity of popular memories, making it possible for the natives to construct collective memories of Li T ianbao and his Wulie Kingdom. T emporal misplacement of historical memories, selection and reorganization, and structural memory lost reflects the subtle differences among individuals in the understanding of history and reality, and life and mind structure in a society of homogeneity.Such differences imply the desire for ethnic consciousness and ethnic identity.In a sharp contrast to the logically coherent and systematic official discourse, the popular memories, as a kind of counter-memory, have become a challenge to the dominating discourse.Such “het-eroglossia”, as Bakhtin put it, provides another selectable bottom-layer perspective to present the mute history and experience.%作为上堡侗族的历史英雄与民族符号,“武烈王”李天保渗透在当地的日常实践与神话传说之中。官方话语的暧昧与不自洽性赋予了民间记忆以极大的可塑性及创造性,使得民众对李天保及其武烈王国的集体记忆之建构得以可能。历史记忆的时代错置、选择与重组、结构性失忆等折射出一个同质性社会中个体在理解历史与现状、生活与思维结构之间的微妙差异,它隐含着对民族意识、族群身份的渴望。与逻辑连贯、系统性的官方话语形成鲜明对比的民间记忆作为一种反记忆构成了对支配性话语的挑战,这种巴赫金所说的“异质语”提供了另一种呈现失声的历史与经验的可选择性底层视角。

  14. 黔东南州居民旅游感知比较研究——以西江苗寨与肇兴侗寨为例%The Research on the Comparison of Tourism Impact Perception in Destination——by Miao Village Xijiang and Dong Village Zhaoxing in Qiandongnan Canton

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖佑兴; 何向; 胡丽芳

    2012-01-01

    It concentrates on how inhabitants in Miao and Dong of Qiandongnan Autonomous County affect their local tourism and to what degree.After studying the cases in these two minorities,it is clear that there are a lot of positive and negative impacts on local economy,social culture and ecological environment,all of which are brought respectively by the local tourism.As residents in Xijiang has a good knowledge of the importance of developing local tourism,they are less likely to have a civil fight against each other than the people living in Zhaoxing who bear obscure recognition of that.On the other hand,there are briefly five types of residents in Xijiang whereas Zhaoxing's residents can be divided into six categories.In order to promote the sustainable development in these two areas,local governments need to do the following things: regulate the visitors their,add to their local attractions,strengthen their recreational carrying capacities,enforce groups of institutional innovation,activate local citizens' desire to contribute to their tourism,lead them attach more importance to travelling and so on.%论文研究了黔东南西江苗寨与肇兴侗寨的居民对旅游影响的感知问题。通过对西江与肇兴两地的案例研究发现,两地的旅游发展在经济、社会文化、生态环境三个方面都带来积极的与消极的影响。西江居民对旅游影响的整体感知度较高,且内部分化较小;而肇兴居民对旅游影响的整体感知度较低,但内部分化却较大。在旅游地居民类型方面,西江有五大类型;而肇兴还有六大类型,增加了憎恨者类型。笔者认为要推动了当地的可持续发展,需要采取如下措施:规范旅游流;提高旅游吸引力;扩大旅游承载力;加强制度创新;促进旅游利益主体的旅游参与,改善旅游利益主体对旅游的认知等。

  15. Exploration on Affect of Regional Culture on Dining Space Design---To Take Space Design of Dong ’ s Restaurant in Western Hunan as An Example%探析区域文化对餐饮空间设计的影响--以湘西侗乡人家餐厅的空间设计为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱圳基

    2016-01-01

    As the acceleration of economic globalization , it is unusually convenient for various nations and regions to ex-change culture .At the same time , the cultures standing for different nations and regions lose their own features by and by because of cultural blend , which affects dining space design .As regional culture is to be considered during the course of culture inheritance , it is vital to manifest regional culture in interior design .On base of application situation of regional culture in dining space design , this paper unites the living example of space design of Dong ’ s restaurant in western Hunan Province , and carefully analyzes the affects of regional culture on dining space design , hoping to offer some valuable refer-ence for our country ’ s dining space design .%随着经济全球化进程的加快,使得各个国家、不同区域的文化交流,变得异常便捷。同时,文化的交融也使得代表不同国度、不同地域的文化,渐渐失去了自身的特色,这影响到了餐饮空间的设计。由于我国文化在传承的过程中会考虑到地域文化因素,因此,在室内设计中将地域文化彰显出来极为关键。本文基于地域文化在餐饮空间设计中的应用情况,结合湘西侗乡人家餐厅的空间设计实例,细致的分析了区域文化对餐饮空间设计的影响,期望能够对我国的餐饮空间设计,提供有价值的参考。

  16. Dr.Dong Demao's Experience in Treating Chronic Ulcerative Colitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐凌云

    2004-01-01

    @@ Chronic ulcerative colitis (chronic non-specific ulcerative colitis) is a kind of non-specific inflammation occurred in the colonic mucosa layers. As a lingering and troublesome condition that often attacks people aged 20-40, it is characterized by recurrent diarrhea, abdominal pain, pus- and mucus-stained stools in clinic.

  17. 夏秋用家蚕品种9·芙×7·湘和洞·庭×碧·波在推广繁育中的主要经济性状变化%Main Economic Character Variations in Extension and Reproduction of Silkworm Varieties 9· Fu × 7· Xiang and Dong· Ting × Bi· Bo for Summer and Autumn Rearing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈涛; 李龙; 李桂芳; 侯启瑞; 吴大洋

    2012-01-01

    Silkworm varieties 9-Fu x7-Xiang and Dong-Ting ×Bi·Bo have been reared in summer and autumn seasons for cocoon production in China since ten years ago. A recent survey on main economic characters of these two pairs of variety has revealed that, compared to data from variety evaluation, cocoon weight, cocoon shell weight, cocoon weight per 10 000 larvae, cocoon shell weight per 10 000 larvae, single cocoon filament weight, cocoon filament length, cocoon filament size of 9-Fu x7·Xiang and cocoon weight, cocoon filament length, cocoon filament size of Dong-Ting xBi-Bo and other main economic traits have declined at an extremely significant level. Among them, samples of the same variety collected from different reproduction sites had quite different data. Traits including cocoon shell weight per 10 000 larvae, reelability and cocoon filament size of 9-Fu ×7-Xiang, cocoon weight, cocoon shell weight, cocoon weight per 10 000 larvae, cocoon shell weight per 10 000 larvae, single cocoon filament weight, cocoon filament length, and non-brokenfilament length of Dong · Ting x Bi · Bo all had a variation coefficient of over 10%. A comparison between the two varieties indicated that, after ten years of reproduction, the economic traits of Dong-Ting ×Bi·Bo were still better than those of 9 · Fu ×7 ·Xiang except for the neatness of cocoon filament. It was proposed that parental stock re-production institutions at each site should conduct hybridization using the parental stocks from different sites or raise the parental stocks at different sites, thus to avail advantages and avoid disadvantages of the stocks and to maintain excellent economic traits of the varieties. In addition, parental stock reproduction of 9-Fu x7-Xiang should focus on selection for favorable egg-laying and larva-growing traits on basis of selecting moth batches with excellent silk quality.%夏秋用家蚕品种9·芙×7·湘、洞·庭×碧·波在我国蚕茧生产上大面积饲养已有10

  18. 董仲舒“天人感应论”的现代确立--论钱学森院士对中国古代“天人感应论”的证明%Modern Establishment of Dong Zhongshu’s “Theory of the Telepathy Between Nature and Man”--On the AcademicianTsien Hsueshen’s Proof of the “Theory of the Telepathy Between Nature and Man” in Ancient China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡义成

    2016-01-01

    董仲舒彰显“天人感应论”有功,但其证明在逻辑上有误,难使“天人感应论”成立。钱学森院士则以其所创“开放性超巨复杂系统理论”为据,从量子认识论、人择原理和中医医理研究等角度,确证“天人感应论”成立。%Dong Zhongshu made valuable contributions to the “theory of the telepathy between nature and man”, but his proof of it was logically wrong and could not prove it hold water. However, the Academician Tsien Hsueshen, based on his established “open and super complex system theory”, proved the theory hold water from the perspectives of quantum epistemology, anthropic principle and studies on traditional Chinese medicine.

  19. Theoretical Studies and the Developing Direction of Museums: An Interview with Mr.Su Dong-hai%博物馆理论研究与博物馆发展方向——苏东海先生专访

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏东海; 毛颖; 龚青

    2012-01-01

    21世纪以来,我国的博物馆事业进入新的发展高潮,博物馆理论与发展研究面临许多新的重大课题。博物馆学家苏东海先生认为:博物馆理论研究需要从博物馆发展实践着手,博物馆发展研究要重视发展战略和时代主题的研究;生态博物馆作为一种文化遗产保护理论与行动的新思维,呈现出与传统博物馆两极分化、对立统一的关系,其成功应建基于让文化的主人真正成为自己文化的主人;文化遗产的保护与发扬体现了当前国际博协的战略思想,是博物馆的时代主题;博物馆应充分认识并强化自身独特的知识、审美和道德特征及其价值,提升专业功能与社会职能,增强文化竞争力;博物馆理论工作者应直面博物馆领域的复杂形势,加强对国内外博物馆以及博物馆学基础理论的研究,探索适合中国博物馆发展的理论体系和发展道路,建设有中国特色的博物馆学。%Since the beginning of the 21th century,Chinese museums have encountered a new round of development that brings a range of significant new challenges to the study of museum theories and development.Mr.Su Dong-hai,a well-known museologist,expresses his ideas and opinions as follows: The theoretical studies of museums should start with the practices of museum development,which,on the other hand,should focus on the development strategies as well as the themes of the times;As a new product of the theories and practices of cultural heritage conservation,ecomuseums represent an opposite to traditional museums with,however,a unity between.The success of ecomuseum practices is based on the premise that indigenous people are the real owner of their culture;The conservation and promotion of cultural heritage are in line with the present strategic thinking of the International Council of Museums(ICOM),reflecting the themes of the times of museums;Museums should realize and enhance their special characters

  20. Interpreting Hunger: Double-horror in the Novel Named Xue LuoDi De Sheng Yin Written by Da Long Dong Zhi%“饿”的解析——论达隆东智《雪落地的声音》的双重恐惧

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱文霞

    2012-01-01

    In his novel Xue Luo Di De Sheng Yin,Da Long Dong Zhi,a contemporary writer from Yugur Nationality,has unfolded the hero Salaer's psychological change process from hunger to death through a series of absurd and mysterious events as well as expresses his rational sight on an era by telling ghost stories.Hungry is one of the headwords in his fiction,all the horror and unfortunate fate of the characters are closely related to the missing of this physiological need.In its essence,it is the portraiture on particular individual's dilemma about life and death in certain ages,and this kind of dilemma has caused the madness of the hero Salaer.Meanwhile,the survey on this topic gives rich connotations to the text.Therefore,this work with its special region and ethnic culture marks the writer's successful attempt on subject choosing and literary expression.%裕固族当代作家达隆东智的中篇小说《雪落地的声音》以"讲鬼故事"的态度反思历史,通过一系列荒诞神秘、阴森诡异的事件展现主人公萨拉尔由"饿"至"疯"的心理变化过程,并在悬疑恐怖中表达作者对一个时代的理性审视。"饿"是小说的中心词之一,人物的恐惧与不幸命运,都与饥饿这一生理需要的无法满足密切相关。究其实质,"饿"即个体特定年代求生不易、求死不甘,生也恐惧、死也恐惧的矛盾心理的写照。这一二难命题的难以抉择性,最终导致了萨拉尔的疯狂。与此同时,对这一命题的哲学探讨,却赋予了文本深邃的内涵和丰富的张力,使其在或单纯再现特定历史阶段的现实主义小说,或以恐怖、悬疑取胜的恐怖小说,或形而上思考多于文学表现的哲理小说中脱颖而出,并与其独特的地域、民族文化表现一起,标志着作者题材选择的突围和文学表现的日益成熟,拥有多重阐释的空间。

  1. 双季稻种植下洞庭湖区不同类型土壤连续施用控释氮肥的效应研究%Effect of Continuous Applying Controlled Release Nitrogen Fertilizer in Various Types of Soil of Dong-Ting Lake Region under Double Rice Cropping System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁艳红; 廖育林; 谢坚; 戴平安

    2011-01-01

    在洞庭湖区3种主要类型土壤上进行连续4年的微区试验,研究水稻控释氮肥在双季水稻种植体系下的连续施用效应.试验设不施肥(CK)、尿素、等N量控释氮肥及70%N量控释氮肥4个处理.结果表明,等N量控释氮肥处理产量最高,在河沙泥、紫潮泥和红黄泥上平均比尿素处理分别增产10.3%、8.0%和2.4%.70%N量控释氮肥处理分别增产6.1%、2.6%和.0.8%;在3种土壤上早、晚稻及全年平均吸N量均表现为等N量控释氮肥>70%N量控释氮肥>尿素>对照.等N量控释氮肥处理在上述3种土壤上的肥料利用率分别为60.7%、59.6%和56.3%,比尿素处理分别高23.8%、19.4%和16.3%,早稻随施用年份的延长其利用率呈增加趋势,且高于70%N量控释氮肥处理,晚稻连施3年时利用率由上升转呈下降.连续施用控释氮肥可缓解土壤氮素肥力和有机碳含量的下降,特别是在河沙泥稻田中.施用控释氮肥有利于水稻增产、氮肥利用率的提高及土壤培肥.%Effects of continuous applying controlled release nitrogen fertilizer under double rice cropping system were studied by modeling 3 types of paddy soils in Dong-Ting Lake area using micro-plot trials for 4 years. 4 treatments as no fertilizer (CK), urea, controlled release nitrogen fertilizer (CRNF) and 70% controlled release nitrogen fertilizer (70% CRNF) were designed. The results showed that the yield in treatments with controlled release nitrogen fertilizer (CRNF) at N 150 kg/hm2 were increased by 10.3%, 8.0% and 2.4% compared with CF treatment, in alluvial loamy paddy soil (ALS), purple calcareous clayed paddy soil (PCS),and reddish yellow clayed paddy soil (RYS), respectively, and the yield in treatments with 70% CRNF were increased by 6.1%, 2.6% and -0.8%, respectively. The ranking order of nitrogen uptake amount by plant in early rice and late rice were CRNF >70% CRNF >Urea >CK in all 3 types of soils. Nitrogen

  2. Preparation,Isolation and Characterization of Ca@C88 and Ca@C90%Ca@C88和Ca@C90的合成、分离和表征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张娅; 施祖进; 郝策; 徐建勋; 贺晓然; 顾镇南

    2004-01-01

    利用直流电弧法,合成了含钙的富勒烯金属包合物.通过多步高效液相色谱(HPLC)法,首次分离出含钙的富勒烯金属包合物Ca@Ca8和Ca@C90(Ⅰ,Ⅱ),用激光解析飞行时间质谱(MAL-DI-TOFMS)和紫外-可见-近红外(UV-Vis-NIR)光谱进行了表征,并对其分子对称性和电子结构进行了讨论.

  3. PENGEMBANGAN LEMBAR KEGIATAN SISWA MATERI LUAS BANGUN DATAR BERBASIS METODE PEMBELAJARAN DISCOVERY UNTUK SISWA SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohman Rohman

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available   This research aims to develop the student activity sheet material broad flat wake discovery based learning methods for secondary school students are valid and practical and how the potential effect of the use of student activity sheet based discovery learning method for junior high school students. The method used is a method of research and development (development research. Stages of development research done of the preliminary phase which includes the analysis and prototyping stage (designing and evalution formative stages which include self evalution, expert reviews, one to one, small group, and a field test. Based on the results of the analysis of the product, obtained LKS discovery based learning methods are valid and praktis.Valid seen from the results of expert assessment is based on content, construct, and languages. Practical seen from the observations of the trial small group where students can complete a given student activity sheet. Based on the results and final grades on students' ability test VII.1 SMP Negeri 3 Palembang done individually than 35 students that there were 15 (42.85% of students categorized as very good and 20 (57.14% students including both categories. Overall average grade student ability VII.1 is 78.85 which means that the learning outcomes of students belonging to either category. Based on the analysis of student learning outcomes, it can be concluded that student activity sheets that have been developed have potent Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Keywords: discovery learning method, research development, student’s’ worksheet (LKS Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE

  4. The Role of Cultural Tradition in Forest Management of the Ethnic Minority Communities——Based on the Investigation of Forest Management in Qian Dongnan Miao and Dong Minority Communities%文化传统在民族社区森林管理中的作用——基于黔东南苗族、侗族社区森林管理的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖力

    2012-01-01

    民族社区基于文化传统产生的价值信仰、社会规范,在民族社区的森林管理中发挥着显著的促进合作、改善激励的效果。黔东南苗族侗族社区基于长期的生产生活经验形成的传统文化价值观,体现了民族社区尊重自然、顺应自然的朴素生态观;基于文化传统基础上形成的规则、制度和组织机制,表现出管理原则、管理策略、管理主体与管理方式的独特性,其地方权威—乡村精英的作用、激励—奖惩机制和合作—协商议事机制在社区森林管理中效果明显,在社区森林经营和管理中发挥着重要的作用,它为社区内生的森林经营、管理机制和制度的构建提供了有益的启示。%The value beliefs and social norms generated from the cultural tradition of ethnic minority communities give a significant scope of promoting cooperation and improving stimulation in the forest management of ethnic minority communities.The value beliefs of traditional culture generated from the perennial life and production experience of Miao and Dong ethnic communities in Qian Dongnan Autonomous Prefecture embody the simple ecological concept of nature esteem and nature complying of ethnic minority communities.The rules,institutions and organizational mechanisms formed on the basis of cultural tradition show the uniqueness of management principles,strategies,subjects and management mode.The roles of local authority-rural elite,the mechanisms of incentive-rewards and punishments,and cooperation-consultation have brought obvious effect in forest management of the communities.Meanwhile,it plays an important role in forest management of the communities.Also,beneficial enlightenment was provided for the construction of endogenous mechanism of forest management,management mechanisms and institutions.

  5. 反击驱赶政策、皖南事变与新四军战略重心的北移--论1939年底至1941年初毛泽东和中共中央对新四军危局的应对%The Fight Against the Expelling Policy,the Southern Anhui Incident and North Transfer in Strategic Focus of N4A---On Mao Ze -dong and CPC Central Committee’s Solutions to N4A Crisis by the end of 1939 to early 1941

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王祖奇; 王骅书

    2015-01-01

    By the end of 1939 to early 1941,on the solutions to N4A crisis arising from the policy of expelling by the Kuomintang,Mao Ze -dong and the CPC central committee proposed and implemented a policy that the strategic focus on the New Fourth Army will transfer to the north of the Yangtze River.In the process of implementation,Mao Ze -dong and the central committee of CPC have always been based on the whole situation,dialectically flexible on the guidance of the action of north transfer of south N4A in a slow or fast speed,the Eighth Route Army of the North China in South Transfer plan on prepa-ration or in action,and military and political solutions to the Southern Anhui Incident in attack or defense,hence the Chiang Kai -shek government had to admit the fact that the N4A insisted on anti -Japanese war and development autonomously in the north of the Yangtze River.The crisis of the N4A was cracked in the struggle to fight back Southern Anhui Incident,and con-stituted the key to the beneficial transition to Central Committee on relation of the KMT and the CPC after the second anti -Communist onslaught.%1939年底至1941年初,在应对因国民党的驱赶政策而产生的新四军危局中,毛泽东和中共中央提出并实施了将新四军战略重心向长江以北地区转移的方针。在实施过程中,毛泽东和中共中央始终立足全局,灵活辩证地指导江南新四军北移行动的或急或缓,华北八路军南援计划的或备或启,皖南事变中军事政治应对的或攻或守,最终促使蒋介石政府不得不承认新四军坚持在长江以北地区自主抗战与发展的事实。新四军的危局在反击皖南事变的斗争中被破解,构成了第二次反共高潮后国共关系向有利于中共方面转变的关键。

  6. 推迟退休年龄和延迟领取基本养老金年龄可行吗——来自广东省在职职工预期退休年龄的经验证据%Is it Feasible to Defer Retirement Age and Postpone the Earliest Age for Pension Benefit? -Empirical Evidences from Expected Retirement Age of On-Job Workers in GuangDong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阳义南; 才国伟

    2012-01-01

    推迟退休年龄、延迟领取养老金年龄的主要影响群体是在职职工,本文使用广东省21个地市对在职职工的问卷调查数据,探索该政策能否可行的经验证据。结果显示,男职工选择在55岁之前退休的占55%,女职工选择在50岁之前退休的占41.2%,表明在职职工存在明显的提前退休倾向,推迟退休并不符合在职职工预期。0rdinal Logistic回归表明参加养老金制度年数对男女职工预期退休年龄的影响均显著为负,表明参加养老金制度越久,预期退休年龄越早;Binary Logistic回归也证实参加养老金制度年数越久,提前退休可能性越大。实证结果说明基本养老保险制度不能激励职工推迟退休、延迟领取养老金。为此,本文提出了对应的四点改革建议。%Since the mainly affected group of deferring retirement age and postponing the earliest age for pension benefit is the on-job workers, this article uses survey data from 21 cities in GuangDong province to investigate the planned retirement age of workers. The results show that 55% of male workers will choose to retire before 55, 41.2% of female workers will choose to retire before 50, which demonstrate an early retirement tendency. After controlling the effect of other factors, the results of Ordinal Logistic model demonstrate that participation years of pension program have a significantly negative effect on planned retirement age of the workers. The results of binary logistic model also confirm that participation years have a significantly negative effect on the dummy variable of early retirement. These empirical evidences indicate that deferring retirement age doesn't match the expectation of on-job workers and current old-age insurance system also can't encourage workers to postpone the earliest age of pension benefit. At last, this article puts forward a series of policy suggestions.

  7. NOAA/NMC/CAC Arctic and Antarctic Monthly Sea Ice Extent, 1973-1990

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Sea ice extent from January 1973 through August 1990 was digitized from weekly operational sea ice charts produced by the Navy/NOAA Joint Ice Center. Charts were...

  8. The Conversations About Cancer (CAC) project: assessing feasibility and audience impacts from viewing The Cancer Play.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beach, Wayne A; Buller, Mary K; Dozier, David M; Buller, David B; Gutzmer, Kyle

    2014-01-01

    Basic communication research has identified a major social problem: communicating about cancer from diagnosis through death of a loved one. Over the past decade, an award-winning investigation into how family members talk through cancer on the telephone, based on a corpus of 61 phone calls over a period of 13 months, has been transformed into a theatrical production entitled The Cancer Play. All dialogue in the play is drawn from naturally occurring (transcribed) interactions between family members as they navigate their way through the trials, tribulations, hopes, and triumphs of a cancer journey. This dramatic performance explicitly acknowledges the power of the arts as an exceptional learning tool for extending empirical research, exploring ordinary family life, and exposing the often taken-for-granted conceptions of health and illness. In this study, a Phase I STTR project funded by the National Cancer Institute (NCI), we assess the feasibility of educating and impacting cancer patients, family members, and medical professionals who viewed the play as a live performance and through DVD screenings. Pre- and postperformance questionnaires were administered to solicit audience feedback. Pre-post change scores demonstrate overwhelming and positive impacts for changing opinions about the perceived importance, and attributed significance, of family communication in the midst of cancer. Paired-sample t-tests were conducted on five factor-analyzed indices/indicators-two indices of opinions about cancer and family communication, two indices measuring the importance of key communication activities, and the self-efficacy indicator-and all factors improved significantly (<.001). Informal talkback sessions were also held following the viewings, and selected audience members participated in focus groups. Talkback and focus-group sessions generated equally strong, support responses. Implications of the Phase I study are being applied in Phase II, a currently funded effort to disseminate the play nationally and to more rigorously test its impact on diverse audiences. Future directions for advancing research, education, and training across diverse academic and health care professions are discussed.

  9. Mild and moderate pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease is associated with increased coronary artery calcium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budoff M

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Sion K Roy, Albert Cespedes, Dong Li, Tae-Young Choi, Matthew J BudoffDivision of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Los Angeles Biomedical Research Center at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, California, USABackground: It is increasingly evident that patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD are more likely to die from heart disease than kidney failure. This study evaluated whether pre-dialysis CKD is an independent risk factor for coronary artery calcium (CAC.Methods: A total of 544 consecutive patients who underwent CAC scoring were analyzed. Eleven patients requiring hemodialysis were excluded. Patients were divided into three groups: normal glomerular filtration rate (GFR (GFR > 90 mL/min/1.73 m2, mild CKD (90 ≥ GFR > 60 mL/min/1.73 m2, and moderate CKD (60 ≥ GFR > 30 mL/min/1.73 m2. Continuous and categorical variables were compared using analysis of variance and the χ2 statistic. A multiple logistic regression model was used for detecting the association between total CAC score and GFR. An unadjusted model was used, followed by a second model adjusted for covariates known to be related to CAC. Another multivariable binary logistic model predicting the presence of CAC (>10 was performed and odds of incidence of CAC (>10 were calculated among the three GFR subgroups.Results: After adjustment for covariates, patients with mild CKD had mean CAC scores 175 points higher than those with the referent normal GFR (P = 0.048, while those with moderate CKD had mean CAC scores 693 points higher than the referent (P < 0.001. After adjustment for covariates, patients with mild CKD were found to be 2.2 times more likely (95% confidence interval 1.3–3.7, P = 0.004 and patients with moderate CKD were 6.4 times more likely (95% confidence interval 2.9–14.3, P < 0.001 to have incident CAC compared with the group with normal GFR.Conclusion: Mild and moderate pre-dialysis CKD are independent risk factors for increased mean and incident CAC

  10. Jang Dong-gun is Chosen as the Most Popular Advertising Star

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄卫峰

    2009-01-01

    <正>Not long ago,the government agencies concerned in South Korea held a symposium on how to overcome the economic depression and increase the effects of ads.Besides,they made a questionnaire survey(问

  11. How do we sell the hygiene message? With dollars, dong or excreta?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Peter Kjaer Mackie; Phuc, Pham Duc; West, Line Gram Knudsen

    2010-01-01

    different fertilizing methods when reusing human excreta, it is necessary for the Vietnamese health authorities to change their hygiene message. They need to replace their current health sector-specific approach with a holistic one that takes the premises of farmers' livelihoods into account. If they do...... to farmers' livelihoods. The free fertilizer in the household DVC represents a value of approximately US$ 15.5 per year--or the equivalent of 15 percent of the annual household income for the poorest 20 percent of farmers. For this reason, the economic benefits derived from free fertilizer outweigh...... the hygiene message for most Vietnamese farmers. Even at national level the excreta economy has an impact. If Vietnam were to replace human excreta with imported fertilizer, it would involve an extra national expenditure of at least US$ 83 million a year.In order to convince Vietnamese farmers to adopt...

  12. [The philosophy & medicinal thought of Dong Mu Lee Jae-Ma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, W Y

    1994-01-01

    In this paper, the philosophy and the content of medicinal philosophy of Lee Jae-Ma were illuminated through the history and philosophy of the late Choseon times from 1837 to 1900. Some conclusions were as follows: 1) Lee Jae-Ma was a philosopher as well as a physician, and his philosophical background was well appeared in the book of (Kogchigo). 2) Although the philosophy of Lee Jae-Ma and its terms were derived from the Kyunghakseol of Confucianism, the concept of these terms was different from the Neo-Confucianism of Song Dynasty in China. 3) The four phases of the philosophy of Lee Jae-Ma was originated from the four important trigrams, however, he did not take the meanings of the changes and development of the trigrams in I Ching>, but also took the four components of construction of cosmos similar to the Western theory of four component. ...

  13. 班固董子思想献疑%Ban Gu's skepticism of Dong Zhongshu's thought

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙景坛

    2002-01-01

    古今理论界对董仲舒的认识,都来自班固。班固认为:董仲舒是武帝首次《五经》考试的第一名,汉武帝曾采纳其建议“罢黜百家独尊儒术”,武帝“立学校之官”、“举茂材、孝廉”都出自董仲舒,董仲舒在学术上还是汉代的“儒者宗”等。本文认为,这些都缺乏根据。

  14. How do we sell the hygiene message? With dollars, dong or excreta?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    West Line

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In North and Central Vietnam it is common among farmers to use excreta from the family double vault composting latrine (DVC as fertilizer in the fields. The official Vietnamese health guidelines stipulate a six-month period of composting before applying excreta to two of their three annual crops. However, farmers in this region cannot afford to follow these guidelines and this paper presents the reasons why. In their efforts to ensure optimal hygienic conditions, by providing a guideline, the Vietnamese health authorities have not put sufficient attention to the ‘excreta economy’ in relation to farmers’ livelihoods. The free fertilizer in the household DVC represents a value of approximately US$ 15.5 per year - or the equivalent of 15 percent of the annual household income for the poorest 20 percent of farmers. For this reason, the economic benefits derived from free fertilizer outweigh the hygiene message for most Vietnamese farmers. Even at national level the excreta economy has an impact. If Vietnam were to replace human excreta with imported fertilizer, it would involve an extra national expenditure of at least US$ 83 million a year. In order to convince Vietnamese farmers to adopt different fertilizing methods when reusing human excreta, it is necessary for the Vietnamese health authorities to change their hygiene message. They need to replace their current health sector-specific approach with a holistic one that takes the premises of farmers' livelihoods into account. If they do not the hygiene message will simply be lost.

  15. Overall view of the AA hall dominated by the 50 ton crane (Donges).

    CERN Multimedia

    1980-01-01

    A 50 ton, 32 metre span overhead travelling cranre was mounted in one of the bays of Hall 193 (AA). An identical crane was mounted on the other bay. See also photo 8004261. For photos of the AA in different phases of completion (between 1979 and 1982) see: 7911303, 7911597X, 8004261, 8004608X, 8005563X, 8005565X, 8006716X, 8006722X, 8010939X, 8010941X, 8202324, 8202658X, 8203628X .

  16. Liukeng:SECRET OF LOYALTY OF THE DONG FAMILY BLOOD AND ETHICS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    Why is it that the Liukeng village has been preserved so well after five or six dynasties?Why is it that a small village produced so many successful imperial examination candidates,provincial level successful examination candidates,officials and business people?Why is it that this family clan can unite as one without decline for thousand years?

  17. Antitumor and Antibacterial Derivatives of Oridonin: A Main Composition of Dong-Ling-Cao

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dahong Li

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Isodon rubescens has been used as a traditional green tea for more than 1000 years and many medicinal functions of I. rubescens are also very useful, such as its well-known antitumor and antibacterial activities. Oridonin, a bioactive ent-kaurane diterpenoid, is the major ingredient of this medicinal tea. Herein, 22 novel oridonin derivatives were designed and synthesized. The antibacterial activity was evaluated for the first time. Compound 12 was the most promising one with MIC of 2.0 μg/mL against B. subtilis, which was nearly 3-fold stronger than positive control chloromycetin. The antiproliferative property was also assayed and compound 19 showed stronger activity than taxol. The apoptosis-inducing ability, cell cycle arrest effect at S phase and influence of mitochondrial membrane potential by 19 in CaEs-17 cancer cells were first disclosed. Based on the above results, the cell apoptosis induced by compound 19 in CaEs-17 cells was most probably involved in the intrinsic apoptotic pathway.

  18. Shan Dong:Garlic Export Situation and Measures to Expand Exports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Yongfeng

    2009-01-01

    @@ China is one of the world's major garlic-producing,consumer and exporter countries.The main production bases of China's garlic are in Shandong,Henan,Jiangsu and other places.Shandong Province is the main home-town of garlic.The planting area of garlic in Jinxiang,Shandong and its surrounding rural counties is over 100 million Chinese acres.

  19. Entre a lua e a rua: uma topologia social da clandestinidade política na cidade do Rio de Janeiro, 1969-1973

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henri Acselrad

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Durante o regime ditatorial que se seguiu ao golpe de 1964 no Brasil, as ações de resistência desenvolveram-se basicamente nas cidades. Nos testemunhos de antigos militantes, a clandestinidade política é correntemente associada a metáforas do “exílio dentro da cidade”, experiências de isolamento social. Mas na sociabilidade dos clandestinos, a despeito do forte contexto repressivo, não se teria verificado também alguma forma de “vida pública”? A presente pesquisa, realizada a partir de entrevistas com 50 ex-militantes, propõe-se a discutir tal questão. As narrativas reunidas denotam que, a despeito do movimento permanente de destruição de arenas públicas que configurou o autoritarismo, os comportamentos adaptativos por parte dos clandestinos e dos indivíduos que com eles interagiam resultaram na frequente constituição de “consensos operacionais” na definição de situações de interação, consensos estes pautados na gestão das distâncias tanto políticas como culturais.During the dictorial regime that followed the 1964 military coup in Brazil, resistence actions basically developed in the cities. In the testimony of the old activists of the time, clandestine politics are correctly associated with metaphors of "an exile within the city", and feelings of social isolation. But in spite of the strong repressive context, can we not see in militant sociability some form of "public life"? The present research, based upon interviews with 50 ex-militants, proposes to discuss this question. The narratives that we have brought together here show that in spite of the permanent movement of destruction of the public arenas by authoritatianism, the adaptive behaviors of underground militants and the people who interacted with them resulted in the frequent constitution of "operational consensuses" regarding interactive situations. These consensuses were based upon the adroit management of both political and cultural distance.

  20. Travessias simbióticas na educação de jovens e adultos: a escola do sol e a escola da lua nas narrativas das juventudes

    OpenAIRE

    Cougo, Alexandre Cougo de

    2009-01-01

    Dissertação(Mestrado)-Universidade Federal do Rio Grande, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação Ambiental, Instituto de Educação, 2009. Esta pesquisa apresenta a compreensão dos sentidos da escola e do lugar da EJA nos percursos de vida de dois jovens educandos. Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa, que assume o caráter constitutivo de um texto narrativo. A construção metodológica incorpora os meandros da pesquisa narrativa, através da abordagem (auto)biográfica e das Histórias de Vida enq...

  1. 加入国际食品法典委员会(CAC)后引发的思考和启迪%Influence and Inspiration of our Attendance to Codex Alimentarius Commission(CAC)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋士强; 蔡春河; 周勇; 杨莉

    2006-01-01

    概述了国际食品安全控制体系与CAC及其宗旨,用CAC法典、SPS和TBT协定对三个技术性贸易壁垒案例的初析,对CAC法典的初步解读,着重论述了借鉴CAC标准加速我国农产品和食品标准体系建设的建议.

  2. Kernels para la clasificacíon de preguntas en español y catalán

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Tomás

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta una aproximacíon a la clasificación automática de preguntas en español y catalán. El sistema de clasificación está basado en el algoritmo SVM y en el uso de diferentes funciones kernel, empleando únicamente características textuales superficiales que permiten la obtencíon de un sistema fácilmente adaptable a diferentes idiomas. Se ha realizado un estudio sobre el correcto a juste de parámetros de los kernels, la precisíon de los mismos, la definicíon de distintos vectores de características de aprendizaje y el rendimiento en función del idioma de trabajo. Adicionalmente, se ha experimentado con el algoritmo LIBLINEAR, aplicado aquí por vez primera a la tarea de clasificación de preguntas. Con este algoritmo, así como con los kernels definidos, se han obtenido valores de precisión por encima del 80 % para los dos idiomas tratados, superando a otros algoritmos tradicionales de clasificación. Para el entrenamiento y evaluación del sistema se ha desarrollado un corpus paralelo de 2.393 preguntas en inglés, español y catalán.

  3. Kernels para la clasificacíon de preguntas en español y catalán

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Vicedo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Este artículo presenta una aproximacíon a la clasificación automática de preguntas en español y catalán. El sistema de clasificación está basado en el algoritmo SVM y en el uso de diferentes funciones kernel, empleando únicamente características textuales superficiales que permiten la obtencíon de un sistema fácilmente adaptable a diferentes idiomas. Se ha realizado un estudio sobre el correcto a juste de parámetros de los kernels, la precisíon de los mismos, la definicíon de distintos vectores de características de aprendizaje y el rendimiento en función del idioma de trabajo. Adicionalmente, se ha experimentado con el algoritmo LIBLINEAR, aplicado aquí por vez primera a la tarea de clasificación de preguntas. Con este algoritmo, así como con los kernels definidos, se han obtenido valores de precisión por encima del 80 % para los dos idiomas tratados, superando a otros algoritmos tradicionales de clasificación. Para el entrenamiento y evaluación del sistema se ha desarrollado un corpus paralelo de 2.393 preguntas en inglés, español y catalán.

  4. Mesos components (CaC12, MgSO4, KH2P04) are critical for improving pear micropropagation

    Science.gov (United States)

    The USDA-ARS National Clonal Germplasm Repository in vitro collection contains over 200 pear accessions in 18 species. Due to the wide genetic diversity of this collection there is also a diverse response to growth on standard tissue culture media. An initial study of mineral nutrition using a syste...

  5. Korean Confucianism's Mindful Learning Model of Moral Internalization as Manifested in the Cheonghak-Dong Hermit Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoo, Si Ha

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative study is to understand an unknown educational approach in Korean Confucianism's ethical education characterized as moral internalization, based on the study participants. A prevailed understanding of moral internalization of Confucianism is a strong imposed learning process, which is a well known Asian learning…

  6. 侗乡鼓楼与我的即兴曲%The Dong Drum Tower & My Improvisation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹向平

    2001-01-01

    侗族大歌是一笔宝贵的民族民间音乐遗产,作者在十多年前去侗族地区采风的过程中形成了钢琴即兴曲的构思,在传统与新技法的取向中,作者苦思巧作,由里及外,从内心感触和音乐元素出发,以音乐情节的跳跃分置法解构传统的即兴曲,成功的达到了听觉新颖,以乐感人的艺术效果.

  7. Mao Dong Literature Prize in My Eyes%我所知道的茅盾文学奖

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷达

    2009-01-01

    @@ 一、设奖来由 据我所知,茅奖的历史可追溯到1945年.那年在重庆为茅盾举行了"五十寿辰和创作活动二十五周年纪念",在6月24日庆祝会上,正大纺织厂的陈钧经理委托沈钧儒和沙千里律师将一张十万元支票赠送给茅盾,指定作为茅盾文艺奖金.茅盾在接受捐款时表示:自己生平所写反映农村生活的作品不多,引以为憾,建议以这些捐款.举行一次反映农村生活题材的短篇小说有奖征文.按照茅盾意愿,"文协"为此专门成立了老舍、靳以、杨晦、冯雪峰、冯乃超、邵荃麟、叶以群组成的茅盾文艺奖金评奖委员会,并在新一卷第三期和八月三日的共同刊出了"文艺杂志社"与"文哨月刊社"联合发出的"茅盾文艺奖金"征文启示,规定征文以反映农村生活的短篇小说、速写、报告为限.这次征文经评选产生了一批较好作品.

  8. Review of Dong Zhongshu's Telepathy between Heaven and Man%董仲舒天人感应论述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪高鑫

    2001-01-01

    天人感应论作为一种系统的理论体系,是由董仲舒在前人学说的基础上构建起来的.这套学说的基本内涵包括十端说、人副天数说和祥瑞灾异说,其精神实质是"言天道而归于人道",即通过祥瑞灾异说,来表达自己的政治观和历史观.

  9. 董仲舒教化哲学研究%On Dong Zhong-shu's philosophy of Bildung

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱人求

    2007-01-01

    教化哲学是董仲舒思想体系中十分重要的组成部分.秉承《中庸》的"天命之谓性,率性之谓道,修道之谓教"的思想路径,董仲舒教化理论可分为天道教化、人性教化和王道教化三个不同的思想向度.天是董仲舒思想的最高范畴,是宇宙的主宰和最高权威,是社会道德教化、政治教化的终极价值根源.在人性教化方面,董仲舒主要提出了"教化成性"说,它充分论证了道德教化和政治教化的可能性与必要性.王道教化是董仲舒教化思想的现实归宿,它集中体现了董仲舒的时代关切.

  10. 董敏的“有机”情怀%Dong Min The“Organic”Feeling of

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖智慧

    2013-01-01

    “Personally speaking, my persistence for one day will enable large numbers of grainfield and water to be protected and soils to be conserved since our persistence in organic planting. I think it’s worth undertaking, an undertaking with special significance for society and human health.”%“从我个人来讲,我坚持一天,使得成千上万亩的粮田因为我们坚持有机种植能够被保护,水源能被保护,土壤能被涵养,我觉得这个事就值得做,它是一个对社会、对人的健康特别有意义的事儿。”

  11. VizieR Online Data Catalog: UV-FIR SED results of SDSS QSOs and their hosts (Dong+, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, X. Y.; Wu, X.-B.

    2016-08-01

    SDSS Stripe 82 covers approximately 270deg2 area on the cel equator in the south Galactic cap, spanning from 20h to 4h in RA and -1.25°~1.25° in DEC. It has been repeatedly imaged by SDSS between 1998 and 2007. Besides the optical imaging survey and the spectroscopic survey, SDSS Stripe 82 has also been observed extensively by other surveys from X-ray through UV/optical to IR and radio bandpasses. Among these surveys, HerS (Viero+, 2014, J/ApJS/210/22), an imaging survey conducted by SPIRE on board the Herschel Space Observatory, covers about 79deg2 in area to an average depth of 13.0, 12.9, and 14.8mJy/beam (including a confusion limit of 7mJy) at 250, 350, and 500um, respectively. The quasar sample is selected by cross-identifying the HerS catalog with the Shen et al. (2011, J/ApJS/194/45) quasar catalog, the compiled catalog based on the spectroscopic quasar catalog (Schneider et al. 2010, VII/260) from SDSS Data Release 7 (Abazajian et al. 2009, II/294); and the SDSS quasar catalog from the tenth data release (Paris et al. 2014, VII/270). The search radius is 5 arcsec. See section 2 for further details. (1 data file).

  12. Irmão Sol, Irmã Lua: gênero, poder e clausura em um mosteiro da Ordem de Santa Clara de Assis - São Paulo

    OpenAIRE

    Berto, Vanessa de Faria [UNESP

    2015-01-01

    The present scientific research sought to understand the ways of living and coexistence that the nuns of St. Clare of Assisi Order provide for them, upon their arrival in the State of São Paulo. In other words, the search aimed to understand the changes and permanencies present in this specific reality, such singular for both the Seculum as well as for the very ecclesiastical life, through the analysis of the constants (re) significations that the Poor Claries perform about your own situation...

  13. A arte de morar... na Lua: a construção de um novo espaço de morar frente à mudança do dispositivo asilar para o Serviço Residencial Terapêutico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tania Kuperman Sztajnberg

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Em instituições que funcionam sob a lógica da desinstitucionalização existe um número significativo de pacientes que permanecem nos hospitais psiquiátricos. A implantação dos Serviços Residenciais Terapêuticos tornou-se uma das principais estratégias da reforma psiquiátrica. A partir do estudo de um caso clínico e os enfrentamentos encontrados neste trabalho, no que tange a passagem da internação ao SRT, aponto para a necessidade de uma escuta clínica que propicie a invenção de um espaço subjetivo que permitirá alguma circulação entre os dispositivos.

  14. Usefulness of Regional Distribution of Coronary Artery Calcium to Improve the Prediction of All-Cause Mortality

    OpenAIRE

    Tota-Maharaj, R; Joshi, PH; Budoff, MJ.; Whelton, SP; Zeb, I.; Rumberger, JA; Al-Mallah, MH; Blumenthal, RS; Nasir, K; Blaha, MJ

    2014-01-01

    © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Although the traditional Agatston coronary artery calcium (CAC) score is a powerful predictor of mortality, it is unknown if the regional distribution of CAC further improves cardiovascular risk prediction. We retrospectively studied 23,058 patients referred for Agatston CAC scoring, of whom 61% had CAC (n= 14,084). CAC distribution was defined as the number of vessels with CAC (0 to 4, including left main). For multivessel CAC, "diffuse" CAC was defined by decreasing per...

  15. On the rank of abelian varieties over function fields

    OpenAIRE

    Pacheco, Amilcar

    2004-01-01

    Let $\\cac$ be a smooth projective curve defined over a number field $k$, $A/k(\\cac)$ an abelian variety and $(\\tau,B)$ the $k(\\cac)/k$-trace of $A$. We estimate how the rank of $A(k(\\cac))/\\tau B(k)$ varies when we take a finite cover $\\pi:\\cac'\\to\\cac$ defined over $k$ geometrically abelian.

  16. Call Admission Control Method Based on AHP and MMTD%基于AHP和MMTD的呼叫接纳控制方法AM-CAC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雪梅; 张登银

    2013-01-01

    提出一种统一的呼叫接纳控制方法。应用层次分析过程(AHP)实现系统建模,根据网络运营目标,对于决策所依据的诸多准则之间的重要性关系进行定性分析和定量描述,从而确定各准则在决策中的影响力;应用中介真值程度度量(MMTD)方法统一量化各影响因素相对各准则的真值程度,通过配置合理参数,来适应异构网络在技术特性、性能目标上的差异。仿真结果表明,文中所提方法对于网络的运营目标和偏好具有很好的适应能力。%An unified call admission control method was proposed,which adopted the Analytic Hierarchy Process ( AHP) to achieve sys-tem modeling. According to the targets of network operators,the pairwise relationship of importance among criterions associated with de-cison-making is analyzed qualitatively and described quantitatively,to determine influence of each criterion on decision-making;moreo-ver,the method of Measureing of Medium Truth Degree ( MMTD) is employed to quantify the truth degree of each factor relative to cri-terion,and reasonable parameters are configured to adapt to difference in technical characteristics and performance goals among heteroge-neous network. Simulation results show that the proposed method has a better ability to adapt to goals and preferences of network opera-tors.

  17. Public Perception of CCS Technology. The Effects of Information on Attitude; Percepcion Publica de la Tecnologia de CAC. El Efecto de la Informacion en la Actitud

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oltra, C.; Marin, R.; Sala, R.

    2011-11-10

    This report examines the public perception of Carbon Capture and Storage technology and the impacts of information on perception. We analyze, from an electronic questionnaire with technical and contextual information, dimensions such as the initial reaction to the technology, the acceptance of CO{sub 2} storage, the perception of risk of storage and the degree of antagonism toward the organizations involved. The determinants of attitudes and reactions to CCS are also analyzed. A favorable initial reaction to CCS is found after some information and contextualization of CCS as well as significant risk perception. The type of information transmitted appears to influence the attitude of participants to the technology. The broader positive impact on attitude occurs when transmitting the idea of CO{sub 2} as a natural resource. (Author) 4 refs.

  18. Commutated inversor at low frequency for application of fuel cells in distributed generation; Inversor comutado em baixa frequencia para aplicacao de CaCs na geracao distribuida

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martins, Geomar Machado; Pomilio, Jose Antenor; Vendrusculo, Edson A. [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia Eletrica e de Computacao], e-mail: antenor@dsce.fee.unicamp.br

    2004-07-01

    The connection of Fuel Cell Power Plants with the utility grid generally needs an electronic power converter for processing the locally generated power and injecting current into the system. Since the source provides a DC voltage, the converter must be able to produce a low-distortion, high-power factor AC current. This paper presents the results obtained with use of a three-phase and a single-phase inverter using low-frequency commutation. An auxiliary circuit is added to the inverter topologies in order to reduce the output voltage distortion, thus improving the current waveform. The main advantages of this approach are the minimization of the switching losses (i.e. high efficiency) and the elimination of the EMI (which avoids high-frequency filters necessary in high-frequency commutation inverters). (author)

  19. Study on Organic Coating of CaC2 Surface%电石表面有机包覆技术的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱尚辉; 章黎; 钟文武

    2014-01-01

    通过正交实验研究了电石表面包覆的最佳工艺。选取包覆剂为温度20℃的食用菜籽油对电石进行20 min的包覆,得到了均匀致密的有机包覆膜并对其进行红外光谱分析,表明电石的有机包覆过程中发生了三个重要的过程:(1)电石与有机物的物理包覆;(2)有机物在空气中发生了氧化反应;(3)在较长时间作用下,氧化油脂与少许电石发生了反应。%The best technology of surface coating of calcium carbide was investigated through orthogonal test. Se-lecting coating agent temperature is 20℃ of edible rapeseed for 20min coating,it got uniform density organic pack-age labeling and analyzed by infrared spectrum. The surface of calcium carbide in the process of the organic coating has three important process:(1) The calcium carbide with organic physical coating;(2) The oxidation reaction of organic matter in the air happened;(3) Under the effect of a long time,the reaction of oxidated oil and a little cal-cium carbide happened.

  20. Increased CaC12, MgS04 and KH2P04 improve the growth of micropropagated red raspberries

    Science.gov (United States)

    The amount of genetic variation in red raspberries makes it difficult to successfully apply a standard in vitro growth medium to all cultivars and selections. Murashige and Skoog medium (MS) is commonly used for commercial red raspberry cultivar micropropagation. However, many cultivars grown on MS ...

  1. Comparative Study of the Coverage of Physics Journals by Two Computerized Data Bases-SPIN (Searchable and Physics Information Notes) and CAC (Chemical Abstracts Condensates)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jerome, S.

    1973-01-01

    SPIN coverage is abnormally low, only 70 journals, versus the coverage of information services in other fields. Every journal listed by SPIN is selectively covered by CAS, resulting in a 76 percent overlap. (3 references) (Author/SJ)

  2. 2'-(R)-Fluorinated mC, hmC, fC and caC triphosphates are substrates for DNA polymerases and TET-enzymes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schröder, A S; Parsa, E; Iwan, K; Traube, F R; Wallner, M; Serdjukow, S; Carell, T

    2016-12-13

    A deeper investigation of the chemistry that occurs on the newly discovered epigenetic DNA bases 5-hydroxymethyl-(hmdC), 5-formyl-(fdC), and 5-carboxy-deoxycytidine (cadC) requires chemical tool compounds, which are able to dissect the different potential reaction pathways in cells. Here we report that the 2'-(R)-fluorinated derivatives F-hmdC, F-fdC, and F-cadC, which are resistant to removal by base excision repair, are good substrates for DNA polymerases and TET enzymes. This result shows that the fluorinated compounds are ideal tool substances to investigate potential C-C-bond cleaving reactions in the context of active demethylation.

  3. 中国农药残留领域采用CAC标准研究%Research on Adoption of CAC Tolerance in Chinese Pesticide Residue

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿天霖

    2005-01-01

    国际食品法典委员会(Codex Alimentarius Commission,即CAC)于1962年成立,负责FAO/WHO联合食品标准规划.性质为政府间组织,现有167个成员.国际食品法典(Codex)指由CAC组织制定的食品标准、准则和建议。目的是保护消费者健康,保证公正地进行食品贸易,协调制定国际食品法典。

  4. English-Vietnamese Scientific Terminology for High School and Junior College Students. Book 2: Physics = Danh Tu Khoa Hoc Anh-Viet Danh Cho Cac Hoc Sinh Trung Hoc Va Cac Sinh Vien Nam Thu Nhat Dai Hoc. Quyen 2: Vat Ly Hoc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duong, Pham Cao

    Vietnamese students now enrolled in American high schools incur an extremely special need in English. After being taught subject matter disciplines in Vietnamese for many years, and while English is still a foreign language for them, these students are bound to go through two linguistic processes. First, while reading or sitting through lectures…

  5. Purification and Molecular Weight Determination of HUI DONG Truffles Polysaccharide%会东块菌多糖的纯化及其分子量测定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张世奇

    2010-01-01

    本研究采用DEAE-52纤维素拄及SephadexG-100柱从会东块菌水提物中分离纯化得到两种块菌多糖PST-W、PST-A.经高效液相色谱法(HPLC)鉴定,这两种多糖均为单一组分,且PST-W分子量为128059.9 Da;PST-A分子量为729140.5Da.

  6. On Ancient Poetry by Lu Xun and Mao Ze-dong%鲁迅和毛泽东旧体诗异同论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹允亮; 尹凤霞

    2001-01-01

    鲁迅和毛泽东两位伟人,以深厚的诗学功底,古为今用,推陈出新,创作出代表20世纪我国最高成就的旧体诗,使萎靡不振的旧体诗重新焕发出耀眼的光辉,成为出水芙蓉.然而,鲁迅和毛泽东却又不谋而合地不主张别人写旧体诗,自己创作了旧体诗也不愿正式发表.其原因是为了维护五四以来的新文学,同时考虑到领袖的导向作用.鲁迅和毛泽东旧体诗的不同之处,则体现为现实主义和浪漫主义创作方法的不同.

  7. Functional Features of Demonstratives & Interrogative Pronouns in the Dong Language%侗语指示代词、疑问代词的功能特点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田铁

    2007-01-01

    侗语的指示代词和疑问代词具有鲜明的民族特色.在使用和语法功能上与汉语相比较,也有自己的特点.通过举例,并与汉语进行比较分析,从而帮助人们学习、了解侗语.

  8. An Analytical Study on the Sinocentrism Idea of Dong Zhongshu%董仲舒华夷之辨思想探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林先建

    2009-01-01

    董仲舒的华夷之辨思想以文化--特别是礼、义、信等德目作为划分华夷的标准,主张华夷可以互变,为民族大融合扫除了种族上的障碍.他坚持华夷的等级性,强调华尊夷卑,但华夷都是中华民族不可缺少的一部分,都是王的臣民,因此他提出"王者爱及四夷"的主张,注重以修文德的方式使四夷来归,反对武力征伐.其思想随着儒学的独尊,成为汉朝主流的民族思想,影响着汉朝民族政策的制定和民族关系的处理,促进了民族大融合的发展.

  9. Risk Factors for Birth Defects:A Conditional Logistic Regression Analysis of a Case-Control Study in Guang-dong Province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志瑾; 穆荔

    1999-01-01

    In order to study risk factors and their association with birth defects,data were collected from 329 cases and 329 controls in 38 hospitals in Guangdong Province of China in 1988.Information was obtained from the same questionnaire(23 risk factors listed)of cases and controls.We used a multivariate logistic model,which described variables significantly increased risk of birth defects.The risk factors included maternal educa-tional levels,medicine taken during pregnancy and antenatal care.It was suggested to strengthen antenatal care was the main preventive measure against birth defects.

  10. Analysis on the Cultural Connotation of Clowns in the Dong Opera%侗戏丑角及其文化内涵分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄守斌

    2015-01-01

    侗戏丑角是一个独特的、值得关注的现象,其意义超出了戏剧本身.侗戏丑角主要有动作丑角和情节丑角两种类型,动作丑角跳出了“细脖子阳人”的特性,是为戏俗生成中的关键要素;情节丑角在完整的行动中展示了民族的个性特征,是为戏之生成的核心因素.两类型丑角都显现出生活化的去程式的共同趋向,使侗戏成为富于生活情趣的喜剧艺术形式,从中可体验一个弱小民族的文化创造路径的同时,也可体验其以戏乐生的养心智慧.

  11. Innovation and Development of Mao Ze-Dong's Thought%毛泽东思想的创新与发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨鹤清; 赵怀清

    2005-01-01

    任何一个理论的创立和发展都是时代发展要求的反映.马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想、邓小平理论和"三个代表"重要思想更是如此.它们都是一脉相承的统一的科学理论体系,都是在时代不断向前推进的过程中,随着无产阶级革命和社会主义现代化建设事业的历史发展进程中,为解决现实问题而提出的理论成果.只要我们深入认识和理解它们之间的关系,就能把握时代的脉搏,不断提出新的理论,指导实践.

  12. A New Study on Dong Zhongshu's Theory of the Telepathy Between Nature and Man%董仲舒"天人感应"思想新论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    藏明

    2016-01-01

    董仲舒对三代以及先秦诸家的天人关系学说进行了继承与发展,创造性地构建了符合社会与历史发展趋势的"天人感应"思想.董仲舒"天人感应"思想将"天"悬置于君王之上,对君王的言行进行有效的监督,并通过自然现象对君王的施政进行积极的批判,其既是先秦儒学在大一统政权下实现政治批判功能的重要手段,又是董仲舒为维护西汉王朝长治久安所创制的治世理论.此外,董氏的"天人感应"思想力求实现先儒们理想中的道德话语权,对后世儒学的发展也产生了深远的影响.

  13. 董仲舒天人观的政治思想解读%Decipherment of the Political Thoughts Embodied in Dong Zhongshu' s Nature-Man Telepathy Theoryh

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周灏

    2009-01-01

    董仲舒系统阐述了天人感应说,为现实政治秩序找到了形而上的终极依据.在此基础上他提出了屈民伸君、受命论、革命论与谴告说等重要思想,实现了儒家对宇宙秩序、社会秩序、政治秩序、人生意义世界的一体化建构,从而使儒学成为适合统一大帝国统治需要的国家意识形态和正统思想体系,对于中国的思想史、政治史的发展产生了极为深远的影响.

  14. 东方汽轮机厂风轮机设计%Wind turbine design of Dong-fang steam turbine works

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘万琨

    2007-01-01

    东方汽轮机厂是我国设计、制造大型电站汽轮机的高新技术国有骨干企业,已具备百万千瓦级超超临界火电汽轮机、百万千瓦级半转速核电汽轮机及300 MW级重型燃气轮机、400 MW级联合循环、1.5 MW级风力发电机开发研制和批量生产的综合实力.介绍了东方汽轮机厂供应市场的两种1.5 MW级风力发机的性能、设计特点以及与德国Repower公司技术合作情况.

  15. Close Relationship between the Frangibility of Mountain Eco-Environment and Mountain Disasters: A Case Study of Dong-chuan, Kunming in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Yuyi; TIAN Bing; LIU Shuzhen

    2007-01-01

    Anatomical details are given in this article, which is performed by investigating the relationship between through the frangibility of mountain eco-environment and the status of irrational land-use in typical region of debris flow in Dongchuan district, Kunming city, yun-nan Province. This analysis is extended to the relationship between vicissitude of mountain disasters and the frangibility of mountain environment. The relatively coupling action of a vicious circle is a evolving characteristic by debris flow sand-gravel there. The eco-security is being faced with serious challenge. The tactics of eco-security has been constructed since 1980s. Thus, the eco-environment can gradually be repaired and optimized to achieve a fine circle.

  16. On the Classification and Inheritance of Gaochang's Dong Songs%浅谈高场侗歌的分类及传承

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑启贵

    2011-01-01

    Based on the investigation in Gaochang Village,Bazhai Town,Liping County,Southeast of Guizhou,this article analyses the classification and inheritance,emphasizing that Gaochang people inherits their own national culture without words but with mouth telling and by heart learning.%本文在对黔东南州黎平县坝寨乡高场村考察的基础上分析高场侗歌的分类及传承,强调高场人民对本民族文化作"无字传承"和"口传心授"的传承。

  17. Analysis of Dermatoglyphic Parameters of Different groups of Dong Nationality in China%中国侗族不同群体的肤纹参数分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向德标; 皮建辉; 谭娟; 卫思丽

    2015-01-01

    分别对贵州侗族406(男200、女206)人、广西侗族415(男215、女200)人、湖南侗族400(男207、女193)人和湖北侗族428(男212、女216)人的肤纹进行了分析,得到了侗族不同群体的指纹频率、指纹脊线总数(TFRC)、a-b脊线数(a-bRC)、atd角、t距比(tPD)、手掌真实花纹、猿线、指三角和轴三角、跖纹等项目参数,并对侗族不同群体肤纹特征进行了比较分析.结果显示,贵州侗族与广西侗族的肤纹特征较接近,湖南侗族与湖北侗族的肤纹特征较接近.

  18. Comments Television Series "Guan Dong Da Xiansheng" Art Features%评电视剧《关东大先生》艺术特色

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈国宇; 石兰思

    2009-01-01

    赵本山导演的民国历史剧,突破了其擅长的乡村生活剧题材,虽然没有产生乡村爱情剧那样轰动,但该剧在故事情节、思想性和人物形象塑造三个方面都具有鲜明的特点,使它有别于以往赵本山导演的电视,给观众不一样的审美感受.

  19. 应用董氏指压法治疗婴幼儿吐乳症体会%Experience in treating infant uomiting by Dong's acupressure treatment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊训斌

    2010-01-01

    董氏指压法是董廷瑶先生所创,在临床治疗小儿吐乳症疗效显著,且手法简便安全,不需服药.笔者临床应用董氏压指法治疗婴幼儿吐乳症,尤其对蒂丁疗效确切.

  20. 深圳市居民户膳食模式调查%Investigation on the dietary intake and nutritional status of residents in Shenzhen, Guang-dong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘柳波; 王舟; 黄薇; 张锦周; 曹彬; 张志航

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解深圳市居民膳食营养状况,为营养教育和营养改善工作提供科学依据.方法 采用分层整群随机抽样方法,对244户居民853人进行家庭膳食调查.3日24 h回顾法获得每个调查对象各类食物的进食量,用称重法获得每个家庭的调味品的消费最.结果 深圳市居民每标准入日能量摄入为10.2 MJ,占推荐摄入量(RNIs)的102.00%.蛋白质摄入量为103.5 g/d,占推荐摄入量(RNI)的138.00%.脂肪摄入量为96.4 g/d.维生素A、硫胺素和核黄素摄入量分别为788.0μg RE/d、1.0 mg/d和0.9 mg/d,分别占RNIs的98.50%、71.43%和64.329%.维生素B6、叶酸摄入量为0.2 mg/d、103.1μg/d,分别占RNIs的16.67%和25.78%.钙、铁、钠摄入量分别为620.0mg/d、23.0mg/d和5 310.8 mg/d,分别为RNIs的77.50%、153.34%和241.40%.结论 深圳市居民每日能量、蛋白质、脂肪摄入量充足,核黄素、硫胺素、维生素B6、叶酸和钙的摄入量偏低,钠的摄入量偏高.要加强合理营养、平衡膳食的宣传教育,防止营养相关慢性病的持续上升.%Objective To understand the dietary and nutritional status of residents in Shenzhen and provide scientific evidence for nutrition improvement. Methods 244 households included 853 residents were selected from Shenzhen through three-stage randomized cluster sampling. Food intake was determined using a single 72-h dietary recall. The data of household condiments were collected by weighting method. Results The averages of daily energy and protein intakes were 2429.0 Kcal and 103. 5g, which accounted for 101. 2% and 137. 3% of the Chinese Recommended Nutrient Intake (RNI), respectively. The average intakes of fat, retinol, thiamine, riboflavine, Vitamin B6, folic acid, calcium, iron and sodium were 96. 4 g, 788. 0 ugRE, 1. 0 mg, 0. 9 mg, 0. 2 mg, 103. 1 ug, 620. 0 mg, 23. 0 mg and 5310. 8 mg, respectively. Conclusion The intakes of energy, protein and fat were improved. However, insufficient intakes were found for retinol, thiamine, riboflavine and calcium , which is also important

  1. Researches on Controlling by Water Resource' s Price in The Basin of Dong River%东江流域水资源价格调控研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒强; 董亚明; 丁疆华

    2006-01-01

    运用水资源价值模糊数学模型计算出流域四大区间水资源价格,并对价格调整后的供水风险和水资源优化配置进行了分析.根据计算结果认为,水价的调整可以作为水利工程措施的一种有益补充,通过建立水市场,利用水价这一杠杆,实现水权的有偿转让,结合工程措施实施流域内调水能有效的降低区间供水风险.

  2. Prediction of coronary artery calcium progression by FDG uptake of large arteries in asymptomatic individuals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, Sang-Geon; Park, Ki Seong; Kim, Jahae; Song, Ho-Chun [Chonnam National University Hospital, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Gwang-ju (Korea, Republic of); Kang, Sae-Ryung; Kwon, Seong Young; Jabin, Zeenat; Kim, Young Jae; Jeong, Geum-Cheol; Song, Minchul; Min, Jung-Joon; Bom, Hee-Seung [Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Hwasun-gun, Jeollanam-do (Korea, Republic of); Seon, Hyun Ju [Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Department of Radiology, Hwasun-gun, Jeollanam-do (Korea, Republic of)

    2017-01-15

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake of the large arteries can predict coronary artery calcium (CAC) progression in asymptomatic individuals. Ninety-six asymptomatic individuals who underwent FDG positron emission tomography (PET) and CAC scoring on the same day for health screening and follow-up CAC scoring ≥1 year after baseline studies (mean 4.3 years) were included. Vascular FDG uptake was measured and corrected for blood pool activity to obtain peak and average target-to-blood pool ratios (TBRpeak and TBRavg, respectively) for the carotid arteries, and ascending and abdominal aorta. CAC scores at baseline and follow-up of each individual were measured and absolute CAC change (ΔCAC), annual CAC change (ΔCAC/year), and annual CAC change rate (ΔCAC%/year) were calculated. CAC progression was defined as ΔCAC >0 for individuals with negative baseline CAC; ΔCAC/year ≥10 for those with baseline CAC of 0CAC%/year ≥10 % for those with baseline CAC ≥100. Vascular FDG uptake and other clinical risk factors were compared between CAC-progressors and non-CAC-progressors. Multivariate analysis was performed to evaluate whether vascular FDG uptake can independently predict CAC progression. Thirty-one subjects showed CAC progression. CAC-progressors showed significantly higher TBRpeak and TBRavg as compared to non-CAC-progressors for all three arteries. TBRpeak of the abdominal aorta was significantly associated with CAC progression in multivariate analysis, with age and baseline CAC. A higher TBRpeak of the abdominal aorta (≥2.11) was associated with CAC progression among subjects with negative baseline CAC only. In subjects with positive baseline CAC, only the amount of baseline CAC was significantly associated with CAC progression. However, the positive predictive value of the TBRpeak of the abdominal aorta was <40 % when age was <58 or baseline CAC was negative. Higher FDG uptake of the large arteries is

  3. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-VPAC-01-1088 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-VPAC-01-1088 emb|CAC21440.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC21441.1| olfactory... receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC21442.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC21443.1| olfactory... receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC21444.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] CAC21440.1 1e-159 89% ...

  4. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-VPAC-01-0027 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-VPAC-01-0027 emb|CAC21440.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC21441.1| olfactory... receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC21442.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC21443.1| olfactory... receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC21444.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] CAC21440.1 1e-149 89% ...

  5. Discussion about the Core Irrigation Works in Tang Dynasty:mainly in Zhe Dong,Zhe Xi,He Nan and He Dong%关于唐代水利建设重心的一些思考——以浙东、浙西和河南、河东四道为核心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张剑光

    2012-01-01

    传统观点认为,唐代前期的水利建设主要集中在北方,但中唐以后南方水利工程的数量大增,水利建设的重心移到了南方.通过对南、北方水利建设的考察,我们发现唐代前期水利建设的重点在北方,而中唐以后水利建设的高潮在南方,不过北方在中唐后仍新修了一定数量的水利工程;唐文宗以后,南方和北方水利建设的数量都大大减少.南方的水利工程大多集中在太湖流域和甬绍平原,纵深丘陵地区的工程不多.南方多为小规模的水利工程,而北方大工程较多;南方大工程的数量在中唐以后大体与北方持平.南北方的水利建设都为农业生产带来了巨大的有益的影响.中唐后南方大量水利工程的修建,只能说明南方农业生产的发展速度快于北方,但并没有超越北方.

  6. 76 FR 36613 - Environmental Impact Statement; Nueces County, TX

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-22

    ... developed a public involvement plan, sponsored three citizens' advisory committee (CAC) meetings, held two... mailing list, project Web site, project newsletters, new agency and public scoping meetings, CAC...

  7. Press Coverage of CCS: A New Technology in the Media; Analisis de la Cobertura de la Tecnologia de Captura y Almacenamiento de CO{sub 2} (CAC) en la Prensa Escrita: Una Nueva Tecnologia en los Medios de Comunicacion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sola, R.; Oltra, C.; Sala, R.; Di Masso, M.

    2009-12-19

    Public knowledge of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technology is very low among the Spanish population. Only 17% of the Spanish said to have heard about CCS. There is also an important percentage of the population who is not sure about the use of CCS as a mitigation option for climate change. In that sense, the media could play an important role in the formation of public attitudes of CCS. The objective of the present work is to identify the picture of CCS transmitted in the Spanish press from January 2005 to July 2008. We carried out a quantitative analysis of a total of 139 press articles, considering different dimensions as the general attitude to CCS, the actors mentioned and their attitude, benefits and risks related to CCS, or the link with climate change. Data show a significant increase of CCS coverage in the Spanish press from 2007. The CCS technology is framed in the climate change context, as a possible solution to reduce CO{sub 2} emissions. The general attitude transmitted is positive: the benefits of the technology are emphasized versus the risks. Nevertheless, data show an important polarization in the attitudes through CCS between environmental NGOs (against it) and all the other actors (in favour). (Author) 5 refs.

  8. Experts Perception on Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in Spain; La Percepcion de la Captura y Almacenamiento de CO{sub 2} (CAC) por Parte de los Expertos Espanoles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sola, R.; Oltra, C.

    2010-12-24

    This report presents the results from a survey on experts attitudes towards the development of CCS in Spain. This is the fi rst study carried out in Spain trying to report an empirical analysis of stake holders perception on the risks, challenges and barriers facing CCS deployment. Results show a positive attitude towards CCS implementation in Spain. Experts are concerned about the existence of suitable storage sites in Spain, safety of storage and costs from capture. They tend to support of CCS as a bridging solution to climate change and have a general low level of perceived risk from CCS. Experts risk perception is influenced, to some extent, by prior values and beliefs as well as by socio demographics and, to a lesser extent, by group membership. (Author) 15 refs.

  9. Transformational Communications Architecture for the Unit Operations Center (UOC); Common Aviation Command and Control System (CAC2S); and Command and Control On-the-Move Network, Digital Over-the-Horizon Relay (CONDOR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-06-01

    17 II. RESEARCH METHOLOGY AND FIELD TESTS...THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK 21 II. RESEARCH METHOLOGY AND FIELD TESTS Multiple technologies were evaluated for... observe applicable technologies working in an operating environment. Finally, the authors visited the UOC program office at General Dynamics

  10. CAC技术支持下的土地利用总体规划图编制%Mapping of land-use general plan with the support of CAC technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田永中; 邱道持; 朱莉芬

    2000-01-01

    讨论了土地利用总体规划图的特征及传统编图方法的局限性,着重论述了如何利用CAC技术编制土地利用总体规划图,强调了用CAC技术编制规划图的高效、优质、经济等特性,指出它是今后发展的方向.

  11. English-Vietnamese Scientific Terminology (for High School Students). Book 2: Mathematics = Danh Tu Khoa Hoc Anh-Viet (Danh Cho Cac Hoc Sinh Bac Trung Hoc). Quyen 2: Toan Hoc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Hispanic Univ., Oakland, CA.

    This document is one in a series of books on terminology designed to help Vietnamese students overcome language obstacles. The English word is given, followed by the explanation in Vietnamese. Some illustrations are included. (MNS)

  12. 国际食品法典委员会(CAC)食品与饲料分类标准研究%Research on the Classification Standards of Codex Alimentarius Committee for Food and Animal Feed

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨丽; 朱运平

    2006-01-01

    本文分析了CAC食品和动物饲料分类标准框架确定的原则、分类方式、确定商品名称需要考虑的主要因素,总结归纳了CAC食品和饲料分类标准的框架和内容概要.

  13. CAC食品标准体系对我国食品安全标准体系的启示%The advice of China's food safety standard system inspired by the CAC food standard system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘赓; 季任天; 雷振伟

    2007-01-01

    文章首先分析了CAC食品标准体系和我国食品安全标准体系的现状,然后通过两者的对比,找出我国食品安全标准体系与CAC食品标准体系之间的差距,并分析了这些差距对我国的不利影响,最后提出如何通过借鉴CAC食品标准体系加快完善我国食品安全标准体系的建议.

  14. L’ANALYSE DU DISCOURS DE LA RESPONSABILITE SOCIALE DE L’ENTREPRISE A TRAVERS LES RAPPORTS ANNUELS DE DEVELOPPEMENT DURABLE D’ ENTREPRISES FRANÇAISES DU CAC 40

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques IGALENS

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Sous la pression des parties prenantes, le nombre de rapports dedéveloppement durable ne cesse d'augmenter. Jusqu'ici les méthodesd'analyse des informations qu'ils contiennent sont essentiellementcomptables. L'enjeu de ces rapports va au-delà des indicateurs chiffrésfournis par exemple par la GRI, Global Reporting Initiative. Il s'agit pour uneentreprise de légitimer son action et les conséquences de son action dansles domaines sociaux, environnementaux et societaux. La place tenue par lediscours dans ces rapports est essentielle et la méthode proposée dans cetarticle est ainsi celle de "l'analyse des discours" notamment en s'appuyantsur les caractéristiques de l'énonciation et sur celles des procédésrhétoriques. Ainsi apparaît que les entreprises ne se contentent pas de "faireun rapport" mais qu'elles essaient de construire un monde, un monde danslequel elles se présentent en héros positif, un monde dont elles définissentles règles.

  15. 78 FR 43182 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-19

    ... (CAC) enabled and DoD employees will access AMPS via their CAC. AMPS can extract user data from the... not issued a CAC will enter their information into AMPS to create a user account, and will be given a... users: User names; SSN (for individuals not in possession of a CAC such as newly hired Federal...

  16. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-PHAM-01-0704 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-PHAM-01-0704 emb|CAC20485.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC20486.1| olfactory... receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC20489.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC20490.1| olfactory... receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAQ08043.1| olfactory receptor, family 2, subfamily J, member 1 [Homo sapiens] CAC20485.1 1e-157 89% ...

  17. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-PHAM-01-0182 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-PHAM-01-0182 emb|CAC20485.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC20486.1| olfactory... receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC20489.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC20490.1| olfactory... receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAQ08043.1| olfactory receptor, family 2, subfamily J, member 1 [Homo sapiens] CAC20485.1 5e-49 92% ...

  18. Scaffold-Free Coculture Spheroids of Human Colonic Adenocarcinoma Cells and Normal Colonic Fibroblasts Promote Tumorigenicity in Nude Mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jong-il Park

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to form a scaffold-free coculture spheroid model of colonic adenocarcinoma cells (CACs and normal colonic fibroblasts (NCFs and to use the spheroids to investigate the role of NCFs in the tumorigenicity of CACs in nude mice. We analysed three-dimensional (3D scaffold-free coculture spheroids of CACs and NCFs. CAC Matrigel invasion assays and tumorigenicity assays in nude mice were performed to examine the effect of NCFs on CAC invasive behaviour and tumorigenicity in 3D spheroids. We investigated the expression pattern of fibroblast activation protein-α (FAP-α by immunohistochemical staining. CAC monocultures did not form densely-packed 3D spheroids, whereas cocultured CACs and NCFs formed 3D spheroids. The 3D coculture spheroids seeded on a Matrigel extracellular matrix showed higher CAC invasiveness compared to CACs alone or CACs and NCFs in suspension. 3D spheroids injected into nude mice generated more and faster-growing tumors compared to CACs alone or mixed suspensions consisting of CACs and NCFs. FAP-α was expressed in NCFs-CACs cocultures and xenograft tumors, whereas monocultures of NCFs or CACs were negative for FAP-α expression. Our findings provide evidence that the interaction between CACs and NCFs is essential for the tumorigenicity of cancer cells as well as for tumor propagation.

  19. Land Use Allocation Based on a Multi-Objective Artificial Immune Optimization Model: An Application in Anlu County, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoya Ma

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available As the main feature of land use planning, land use allocation (LUA optimization is an important means of creating a balance between the land-use supply and demand in a region and promoting the sustainable utilization of land resources. In essence, LUA optimization is a multi-objective optimization problem under the land use supply and demand constraints in a region. In order to obtain a better sustainable multi-objective LUA optimization solution, the present study proposes a LUA model based on the multi-objective artificial immune optimization algorithm (MOAIM-LUA model. The main achievements of the present study are as follows: (a the land-use supply and demand factors are analyzed and the constraint conditions of LUA optimization problems are constructed based on the analysis framework of the balance between the land use supply and demand; (b the optimization objectives of LUA optimization problems are defined and modeled using ecosystem service value theory and land rent and price theory; and (c a multi-objective optimization algorithm is designed for solving multi-objective LUA optimization problems based on the novel immune clonal algorithm (NICA. On the basis of the aforementioned achievements, MOAIM-LUA was applied to a real case study of land-use planning in Anlu County, China. Compared to the current land use situation in Anlu County, optimized LUA solutions offer improvements in the social and ecological objective areas. Compared to the existing models, such as the non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm-II, experimental results demonstrate that the model designed in the present study can obtain better non-dominated solution sets and is superior in terms of algorithm stability.

  20. Occurrence of cavernicolous ground beetles in Anhui Province, eastern China (Coleoptera, Carabidae, Trechinae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jie Fang

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Two new species of anophthalmic ground beetles belonging to the subfamily Trechinae are described: Cimmeritodes (Zhecimmerites parvus Tian & Li, sp. n. and Wanoblemus wui Tian & Fang, gen. n., sp. n. Both were discovered in the limestone caves of Anhui Province in eastern China. C. (Z. parvus was found in caves Ziwei Dong, Xianren Dong and Qingtai Dong, whereas W. wui was discovered in cave Baiyun Dong. This is the first record of cavernicolous ground beetles in Anhui Province, eastern China.

  1. JPRS Report East Asia Southeast Asia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    at Subic Bay, San Fernan- do, Cebu, Bacolod, Dumaguete, Iloilo, Puer- to Princesa , and Manila Bay. The groups disclosed that among the visiting...dong; 3 tons of ^limeMo^ks, 813 dong; ana 5,000 bricks, 550 dong. The names of buyers were not mentioned, and there were no bills of loading—only sale

  2. 东莞将出台《全棉仿毛针织品》地方标准%Dong Guan City is planning to establish the local standard of 'Pure Cotton Fur-like knitted fabrics'

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    目前,由东莞市标准与编码所与东莞市纺织服装行业协会联合提出的《全棉仿毛针织品》标准已被正式批准为广东省地方标准制定计划项目,已正式上报。

  3. HPLC法测定功能饮料脉动中维生素C的含量%Determination of vitamin C in functional drinks of Mai Dong by HPLC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马世勇; 李芳; 王佳凤; 魏丹丹

    2016-01-01

    目的 建立HPLC法测定功能饮料脉动中维生素C的含量.方法 采用色谱柱PE.Spheri-5 RP-18柱(250 × 4.6mm,5 μm),流动相为甲醇-0.02mo1.L-1磷酸二氢钾缓冲液(75∶ 25),流速为0.8mL/min,检测波长为295nm,柱温为25℃. 结果 维生素C进样量在0.1 ~ 6ug内线性关系良好(R=0.9996,n=6),平均加样回收率为99.5%,RSD=0.51%(n=9). 结论 本法操作简单快速、灵敏度高、专属性强,可用于功能饮料中维生素C的直接测定.

  4. The Research on the Core Value of the Dong Customary Law Under the Horizon of Peace Cultura%和平文化视域下侗族习惯法的核心价值研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何其鑫; 杨音南

    2015-01-01

    和平文化一般是指以和平思想为核心或价值取向,以理论阐释、研究探索、引导提倡、广泛传播、努力实施与积极奉行和平理念为主题的文化表现形式、文化发展状态和文化内涵特征等.侗族习惯法作为我国民族传统文化中的一个组成部分,必然受中国传统和平文化思想的影响.因此,从侗族习惯法的成因入手,从习惯法包涵的民主平等、依规办事及宽容互助等方面探讨了人与人、人与自然、人与社会和谐相处的和平理念,从而揭示出追求人与人和谐相处以及社会地区和平发展是侗族习惯法的核心价值目标.

  5. The Study of Environmental History of Dong-ting Lake Area in Recent Thirty Years%近三十年来洞庭湖地区生态环境史研究述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志刚

    2012-01-01

    远三十年来,洞庭湖区生态环境史研究取得了长足的发展,形成了诸多相关成果,总体上来看,主要集中在两大问题上:一是考察洞庭湖区历史面貌演变过程及其原因,虽然观点纷纭各有重点,但将其看作一个动态的多种因素交织的复杂系统已逐渐成为共识;二是探讨湖区人类活动与生态环境变迁之间的关系,这一问题主要从堤垸兴废与生态环境、自然灾害与地方社会,以及人类社会的生态应对三个层面展开具体论述.这些研究虽然有不少观点值得借鉴,但也存在着重复研究较多、观点区分度不高等问题,须继续挖掘史料、拓宽视野与加强学科交流.

  6. Cytogenetic study of mantle cell lymphoma* WANG Dong-mei, FAN Lei, FANG Cheng,%18例套细胞淋巴瘤的细胞遗传学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王冬梅; 徐卫; 李建勇; 范磊; 方成; 朱丹霞; 董华洁; 杨慧; 仇海荣; 洪鸣; 乔纯

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the cytogenetic features of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL).Methods Bone marrow cells from 18 MCL patients with bone marrow invasion were cultured for 24 hours, then routine karyotype analysis was performed with R-banding technique. Interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and a panel of 5 probes, including CCND1/IgH, CEP12, D13S319, p53 gene and ATM gene, were used to investigate the cytogenetic features of the samples.Results Chromosome aberrations were found in 9 (64.3%, 9/14) patients by conventional cytogenetics (CC), 8(57.1%, 8/14) patients had the aberration of t(11;14), 6(42.9%, 6/14) had complex aberrant karyotypes, of which 2 (14.3%, 2/14) had highly complex aberrant karyotypes. A total of 28 abnormalities were detected, among them 19 (67.9%) were structural abnormalities, the other 9 (32.1%) were numerical aberrations. The aberration of t(11;14) was found in all 18 (100%) patients with MCL by FISH. Secondary cytogenetic aberrations were detected in 14 patients by FISH. The most common abnormality was del(11q22.3) (57.1%), the rate of aberrations for del(17p13), +12 and del(13q14) were 42.9%, 35.7% and 21.4%, respectively. Two (14.3%) and 4 (28.6%) patients were detected to have combinations of 2 and 3 aberrations.Conclusion In addition to t(11;14), most MCL patients have other chromosome aberrations, especially complex aberrant karyotype.%目的 探讨套细胞淋巴瘤(mantle cell lymphoma,MCL)的细胞遗传学特征.方法 对18例有骨髓侵犯的MCL患者的骨髓细胞进行24 h培养,常规收获制备染色体并进行R显带常规细胞遗传学(conventional cytogenetics,CC)分析;采用荧光原位杂交技术(fluorescence in situ hybridization,FISH)和 CCND1/IgH、CEP 12、D13S319、p53基因、ATM基因探针,对其进行主要及次要细胞遗传学研究,探讨MCL的细胞遗传学特征.结果 CC共检出9例(64.3%,9/14))患者具有染色体核型异常,8例(57.1%,8/14)有t(11;14)(q13;q32)易位;6例(42.9%,6/14)具有复杂核型异常,其中包括2例(14.3%,2/14)高度复杂核型异常.CC共检出28种染色体异常,其中结构异常19种(67.9%),数目异常9种(32.1%).经FISH检测发现18例(100%)患者均具有t(11;14)异常.14例患者进行了次要细胞遗传学异常检测,结果显示8例(57.1%,8/14)具有del(11q22.3)异常,6例(42.9%,6/14)具有del(17p13)异常,5例(35.7%,5/14)具有+12异常,3例(21.4%,3/14)具有del(13q14)异常;FISH检测出合并2种异常的有2例(14.3%,2/14),3种异常的有4例(28.6%,4/14).结论 MCL除具有t(11;14)异常以外,大多数MCL还具有其他染色体异常,尤以复杂核型异常多见.

  7. 对促进东安电网健康有序发展的几点思考%Several Considerations on Promoting the Healthy and Orderly Development of Dong'an Grid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦恩德

    2005-01-01

    本文对东安电网所起的作用和现阶段发展中存在的困难进行了简要的阐述和分析,并立足具体情况提出了一些措施与建议,目的是更好地服务县域经济,实现经济和社会效益的双赢.

  8. Mao Ze-dong's Deliberation on Developing Science and Technology scince the Foundation of the PRC%建国后毛泽东对发展科学技术的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖赞

    2010-01-01

    建国后,毛泽东对如何在贫穷落后的社会主义中国实现科学技术现代化进行了理性思考和实践探索,提出必须打好科学技术这一仗的战略目标,重点倡导技术革命,推动生产力和经济发展,并开始积极探索具有中国特色的科技发展道路.

  9. The Analysis of DongGuan maternal and infant care's knowledge and behavior%东莞市孕产妇母婴护理知识、行为的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芬; 刘健; 胡洁珊; 王静茵

    2013-01-01

    目的:通过对孕产妇母婴护理知识、行为的调查,寻找母婴护理工作中的存在的问题,为(医院或社区)更好开展母婴护理提供依据.方法:自行设计调查问卷,采取面对面访谈方式对孕产妇的母婴护理现状进行调查,采用χ2检验进行统计学分析.结果:大部分妇女关于母婴护理掌握程度不高,父母亲朋是知识来源最多途径(均 P<0.01)结论:加强宣传教育,进行个体化母婴护理指导,提高孕产妇的保健意识、护理能力,全面促进母婴健康.%Objective:Through the investigation of the present situation of maternal and infant care, looking for nursing problems in maternal and child care work , in order to carry out better nursing provide basis. Methods:Self-designed questionnaire,face to face interview way.Use descriptive index and chi-squra test for statistical analysis. Results:Most women on maternal and child care master degree is not high, parent relatives and freind is the most way of knowledge source (P < 0.01). Conclusion:We need to strengthen the propaganda education,individualization of maternal and infant nursing instruction,improve the maternal health care consciousness,nursing ability,promoting overall maternal and child health.

  10. On Soured Foods, the inseparable Part of the Dong Ethnic life and Their Ethnic Identity——A Discussion of the Reasons for Sichuanese Addiction to Piquancy%"侗不离酸"与侗家的民族认同

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐杰舜; 张泽忠

    2011-01-01

    侗族嗜酸,侗酸种类繁多,醇香可口,有荤酸、素酸、腌酸、煮酸等等.侗族谈情说爱不离酸,婚俗不离酸,育俗不离酸,丧俗不离酸,"月也"待客不离酸,建房不离酸,于是嗜酸也就成了区分侗族与其他民族的一个边界,从而赋予"侗不离酸"具有民族认同的功能.

  11. Sutdy on Edible Spice Plant Used by Dong People in Qiandongnan Prefecture Guizhou Province%贵州黔东南侗族食用香料植物资源利用调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕世勇; 袁涓文; 俞筱押; 李明川; 唐澜兮

    2015-01-01

    食用香料植物具有无污染、无残毒的特点,同时有防腐抑菌、抗氧化和药疗的作用.采用实地考察、标本采集、分类鉴定、资料考证和文献检索整理相结合的方法对黔东南黎平县登岑侗寨食用香料植物进行调查,以摸清侗族食用香料植物资源状况,为其合理开发和可持续利用提供参考.结果表明:当地食用香料植物有12科26属29种,其中唇形科(Lamiaceae)6种、伞形科(Umbelliferae)5种、姜科(Zingiberaceae)4种;从植物形态看,草本占绝对优势,共22种;食用部位以叶子、果实、全草、根、茎皮、花为主的植物,分别有12种(41.4%)、5种(17.2%)、5种(17.2%)、4种(13.8%)、4种(13.8%)、2种(6.9%);烹饪方式以火锅和炒食为主;从采集方式看,来源于野生环境的有18种,占总数的62.1%.

  12. 玉华洞风景名胜区旅游资源信息系统设计%The Design of Tourism Geographical Information System of YuHuaDong Scenic Spot

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕淑华

    2005-01-01

    本文所介绍的系统是在强大的GIS软件支持下,结合其他图像软件,设计开发而得.该系统不仅具有管理数据、查询统计、资源评价、制图输出等功能,并且可以在网络上发布,用户可在网上查看地图信息.

  13. 基于遥感影像的大郑东新区景观格局现状分析%A Landscape Pattern Analysis of ZhengDong New Area under the Information of Remote Sensing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯峰; 马蓓蓓; 杨燕丽; 益建芳

    2011-01-01

    By using ENVI 4.5 and Fragstats 3.3 and with the support of social economic data and autoptical result in the past few years, from the specific landscape ecological space, this paper deeply analyzes the temporal - spatial development pattern of the landscape ecological structure in the target area and extracts the landscape ecology elements which perform a valid role in regulation and control on steady operation of landscape performance. The results can be utilized in urban development planning and ecological construction. The major data source are the present land utilization map and SPOT5 10 - meter - resolution multi - spectral remote sensing image of Mar. 5,2009.%研究基于RS和GIS技术,以研究区的土地利用现状图和2009年3月5号SPOT 5卫星的10 m多光谱遥感影像数据为主要数据源,结合研究区近年来的社会经济资料和实地调查记录,在深入分析研究区景观生态格局时空演变特征的基础上,以ENVI4. 5和Fragstats 3. 3软件作为支持工具,从具体的景观生态空间,提取能够有效控制和调控区域景观功能稳定运行的景观组分,来指导城市发展规划和生态建设.

  14. The Resources of Wild Myrtaceae Fruit Plants in the Eastern Region of GuangDong Province%粤东野生桃金娘科果树资源

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张福平

    2005-01-01

    本文介绍了粤东地区桃金娘科野生果树资源情况,该地区桃金娘科野生果树资源有3属、8种,分别占全国野生桃金娘科果树6属、28种的50%、28.6%,同时分析了该科部分果树的利用价值.

  15. DongGuan SK Footwear :Green Development Creates Harmonious Manufactory%东莞SK制鞋厂:走绿色发展道路创造和谐企业

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑磊; 戴晓锋

    2006-01-01

    @@ 公司简介 东莞SK制鞋厂成立于1998年,现有员工580多人,工厂产品销往欧美.主要客户有英国的乌尔沃斯公司及美国的锐步公司和波罗公司等.每年生产约2百万双左右的童鞋,年产值约为人民币4千万元.

  16. 湖南侗族青少年苯硫脲尝味能力测定与分析%Determination and Analysis of the Taste Ability of Teenages of Dong Nationality to Phenylthiocarbamide (PTC) in Hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    皮建辉; 舒孝顺; 佘朝文

    2003-01-01

    目的测定湖南侗族青少年苯硫脲(PTC)的尝味能力.方法采用阈值法,以5号液为味盲界限.结果侗族青少年味盲率为5.18%,男女间无明显差异,但尝味者平均尝味阈值女性(9.32±1.56)明显高于男性(8.84±1.68,P<0.01).结论湖南侗族青少年是一个对PTC尝味很敏感的群体.

  17. Historical Position of Dong Zhong-shu's Viewpoint of Telepathy Between Heaven And Man%董仲舒天人感应思想的历史地位浅议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张师伟; 何思啸

    2008-01-01

    天人感应思想是董仲舒思想体系的一个核心组成部分,在中国古代政治中发挥了重要的作用,产生了相当深远的影响.董仲舒"天人感应"理论的实质政治内容是"屈民而伸君"与"屈君而伸天".在政治思想史上,天人感应的地位应该是一个糅合前人思想,为后人提供体系性政治思想框架的承上启下的重要转折,他标志着封建王朝思想上的成熟,后世封建王朝发展的过程中,无不沿用这一思想体系,证明了其在封建王朝中的统治地位.

  18. On Dong Zhongshu's "Telepathy between Heaven and Mankind" from Perspective of "Local Knowledge"%从“地方性知识”看董仲舒的“天人感应”论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚光明

    2016-01-01

    “地方性知识”是在特定的情境中生成的知识,产生后会借助现有条件或创造条件,发展成为“普遍性知识”.为使“天人感应”理论成为普遍性知识,董仲舒一方面通过神化皇权获得汉武帝的支持,另一方面使儒家借助阐释灾异得以参与政事,从而获得儒儒者的支持.并吸纳时人普遍了解的科技成果,使“天人感应”理论获得更多社会大众的认可与接受.因此,“天人感应”理论不仅具有“地方性知识”的特征,而且从地方性知识发展成为了普遍性知识.

  19. 專論/臺灣地區的世界文學翻譯作品:書目計量分析/蔡明月、董慧茹(Ming-Yueh Tsay; Huei-Ru Dong

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    蔡明月、董慧茹 Ming-Yueh Tsay; Huei-Ru Dong

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available 翻譯是一個通過語言代碼或文字符號的轉換來傳遞訊息的過程。文學翻譯是一種藝術,涉及兩個民族的審美觀點和意識。探討臺灣近代翻譯文學可認識近代中西文化交流的結果,進而瞭解其對臺灣文學、文化與社會的影響。本研究採用書目計量學研究方法,旨在探討1950至2008 年間,臺灣地區世界文學作品翻譯成中文作品的概況,透過全國圖書書目資訊網(NBINet)蒐集書目資料,進一步觀察不同地區與國家的作品被翻譯成中文的情形,接著再以「書目單位」、「包含重印本」、「不含重印本及新版」三種計算方式,進行洛卡定律、普萊斯平方根定律及80/20 定律等三大學術生產力定律,加以驗證翻譯文學作者與翻譯者之生產力分布,以作為未來相關研究參考之用。研究結果歸納如下:一、臺灣地區世界文學翻譯作品概況為:(1翻譯文學的作品國別集中在英、美,其次為法、德、俄;(2歷年來翻譯文學作品呈現穩定成長;(3翻譯文學出版量集中在21 所出版社;(4被翻譯最多的文學作品、作者、與最多產的翻譯者皆集中在英國、美國、法國、德國及俄國;(5翻譯文學各分區分佈情形大不相同。二、世界文學翻譯作品生產力定律驗證情形為:(1被翻譯作者生產力及翻譯者生產力與洛卡定律均不相符;(2書目單位計算的低生產力作者比例與洛卡定律最為相近;(3不含重印本計算的低生產力翻譯者與洛卡定律最為相近;(4翻譯文學作者與翻譯者的生產力與普萊斯平方根定律驗證及80/20 定律驗證均不相符。 Translation is a process to communication by languages or signs. Literature translation is an art, which shows the appreciation of the beauty and sense for two different nationalities. The modern literature translation is not only the result of cultural exchange but also the way for cultural exchange. The main purpose of this study is to explore the world translated literature in Taiwan from 1950 to 2008 based on the theoretical perspectives of the bibliometrics. Three ways are used to compile statistics, including “bibliographic units”, “copies”, and “works”. The productivity distribution of authors and translators for translated works in Taiwan are examined by the Lotka, Price and 80/20 Laws. A total of 32159 bibliographic records are retrieved from the NBINet (National Bibliographic Information Network databases. The results of this study about world translated literature in Taiwan are as follows: (1 The original translated literatures are mostly concentrated in England, USA, France, German, and Russia. (2 The overall growth of the world translated literature in Taiwan is in a vigorously up-growing trend. (3 The publishing of the world translated literature in Taiwan is concentrated in 21 publishers. (4 Most translated literatures, authors, and translators are mainly concentrated in England, USA, France, German, and Russia. (5 The distribution in every country is not the same. Furthermore, the examinations of world translated literature in Taiwan are: (1 The author and translator distribution of this study does not confirm with the Lotka’s law. (2 The percentage of low production authors counted by bibliographic units is similar to Lotka’s Law. (3 The percentage of low production translators counted by works is similar to Lotka’s Law. (4 Price’s Square Root Law and 80/20 Law are found inapplicable to the distribution of authors’ and translators’ productivity. 頁次:34-53

  20. Geo-authentic Medicinal in Shan Dong- Flos lonicera's Quality Inspect%山东省道地药材金银花的质量控制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙庆雷; 林云良; 王晓; 李福伟; 耿岩玲

    2005-01-01

    利用高效液相色谱和核磁共振波谱仪测定了金银花提取物的HPLC和1HNMR图谱,对金银花提取物的HPLC图谱进行了比较,结果表明金银花提取物的HPLC指纹图谱有很好的相似性;对金银花提取物的1HNMR指纹图谱研究表明,金银花含有其主要有效成分绿原酸的特征峰,同时金银花提取物的1HNMR指纹图谱也有很好的相似性,并具有很好的重现性和高度的特征性.金银花提取物的HPLC和1HNMR指纹图谱可以作为金银花鉴定的相对标准图谱和数据,作为金银花质量鉴别的依据.

  1. 对东阳木雕创新型人才培养实践路径的几点思考%Some of Thoughts on the Practical and Training Modes for Creative Talents of DongYang Wood-Carving

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许海峰

    2015-01-01

    The thesis was based on the present of traditional industrial arts and it was discussed that the importance of developing the “creative talents”on the industrial arts.With the case study of woodcarving design and production specialty of Zhejiang Guangsha College of Applied Construction Technology,the speciifc pattern of fostering talents of this specialty was analyzed and through the analysis the author gave inspiration to three points about fostering creative talents of traditional industrial arts cooperated with other colleges.%基于传统工艺美术的现状阐述了“创新型人才”培养对其的重要性。结合浙江广厦建设职业技术学院的“木雕设计与制作”专业为例,分析了该专业人才培养的具体模式,提出了可为其他院校参与地方传统工艺美术创新型人才培养的三点启示。

  2. On Mao Ze - dong's Philosophical Wisdom of Anti - fascism in "On protracted war"%《论持久战》饱含毛泽东反法西斯斗争的哲学睿智

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐贵荣; 林波

    2005-01-01

    在伟大的中国人民抗日战争和世界人民反法西斯战争胜利60周年之际,重新探讨所饱含的毛泽东同志的反法西斯斗争思想及其哲学智慧,具有重要理论意义和特殊的纪念意义.

  3. 阻碍广东区域性足球联赛发展的问题与对策%Problems which hindered the development of regional football league in Guang-dong province and their solutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丘乐威; 许明浩; 龚建林

    2013-01-01

    Since regional football league was developed in Guangdong province, it has caught extensive attention. In the process of development, regional football league in Guangdong revealed some problems as well, for example, the internal league management system was not sound enough, the consciousness to manage competitions according to law was weak, sustainable league development was lacking in assurance, the clubs were too eager for quick suc-cesses and instant benefits, there was a lack of backup talents etc. These problems have hindered the healthy devel-opment of regional football league. The authors put forward solutions in such aspects as supervision system, league running mechanism, development environment optimization and regional league system construction etc, hoping to boost the development of regional football league in Guangdong.%  广东省区域性足球联赛开展以来,引起了广泛的关注。在发展过程中,广东区域性足球联赛也暴露出一些问题,如联赛内部管理制度不够健全、依法办赛意识淡薄、联赛持续发展缺乏保障、俱乐部急功近利、后备人才匮乏等。这些问题阻碍了区域性足球联赛的健康发展。从监管体系、联赛运行机制、优化发展环境和构建区域性联赛体系等方面提出对策,以期推动广东区域性足球联赛的发展。

  4. Geochemical characteristics of Chonggenshan ultrabasic rocks of Dong Ujimqin in Inner Mongolia%内蒙古东乌旗地区崇根山岩块超基性岩地球化学特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段明; 郗爱华; 孙国胜; 谢瑜; 司马献章; 魏佳林; 张锋; 冯晓曦; 曾威

    2016-01-01

    崇根山岩块是贺根山蛇绿岩带内超基性岩出露面积最大的岩块,岩性主要以二辉橄榄岩为主,方辉橄榄岩次之以及少量纯橄岩透镜体或团块。岩石学和地球化学特征表明这套超基性岩属于位于蛇绿岩套中下部的地幔橄榄岩序列,其二辉橄榄岩和方辉橄榄岩具有富Al的特征,分异指数很低(DI=0.1~2.79),而固结指数很高(SI =79.9~89.62),代表了原始地幔的残余。稀土元素表现为LREE弱亏损的特征,与阿尔卑斯型辉橄岩相似;纯橄岩稀土含量仅为球粒陨石的1/10,具有“U”型稀土元素分布模式,与阿尔卑斯橄榄岩和SSZ型蛇绿岩地幔橄榄岩相似。崇根山大面积出露的二辉橄榄岩可能代表了洋盆扩张早期的地幔橄榄岩的残余。整体上富S r贫Ti的现象暗示了后期消减作用对地幔橄榄岩地球化学结构的影响。%Chonggenshan ultrabasic rock is the largest block of Hegenshan ophiolite belt,which mainly com-posed by lherzolite,harzburgite and a few dunite lenticular body or mass.Characteristics of petrography and geo-chemistry indicate that the ultrabasic rocks belong to the mantle peridotite sequence at lower-middle part of ophiolite suite.Lherzolite and harzburgite are enrichment in Al,with low differentiation index (DI=0. 1 ~2. 79)and high consolidation index (SI=79. 9~89. 62),representing the remnants of primitive mantle.REE showed weak loss of LREE ,which is similar to Alpine lherzolite.REE of dunite is only 0. 1 times of chondrite,displaying irregular“U-shaped”patterns,which is simlilar to Alpine peridotite and mantle peridotite of SSZ type ophiolite.The large area exposed Chonggenshan lherzolite may represent residual mantle peridotite caused by the early expansion of o-cean basin.The phenomenon of rich in Sr,but low in Ti suggested that the effect on the geochemical structures of mantle peridotite by later subduction.

  5. The Great Literary prize Full of Contradictions--A Brief Account of "MAO Dong Literary Prize" of All Previous Years%充满矛盾的文学大奖--历届"茅盾文学奖"论略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟正平

    2002-01-01

    被称为中国文学第一大奖的"茅盾文学奖",对20世纪末的20多年里长篇小说的繁荣发展产生了不可低估的影响.但若以历届"茅盾文学奖"的获奖作品来印证世纪末20多年里长篇小说的创作实绩,却是既不准确也不权威的.20多年来的五届评奖,引来文坛内外诸多微议,充满着矛盾和两难,是一个值得思考和研究的世纪末文学现象.

  6. 侗寨占里长期实行计划生育的绩效与启示%Achievements and Benefits of Implementing Family Planning: Lessons from Dong Village Zhanli

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨军昌

    2001-01-01

    笔者通过实地调查,对侗寨占里长期以来实行计划生育的绩效进行了总结,探析了该地实行计划生育、保持人口恒定的社会机制和具体方法.认为占里侗族的人均意识、生育文化及其实践经验,对搞好中国少数民族地区的人口与计划生育工作具有重要的现实意义和参考价值.

  7. 宋代黄伯思、董逌书法辨伪方法之异同%Differences and Similarities of Calligraphy Distinguishing Methods in Huang Bosi and Dong You's Works in Song Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨加深

    2007-01-01

    随着古人的书法被有意无意的作伪,尤其是北宋《淳化阁帖》刊行后,真伪并见,鱼龙混杂,书法辨伪日益成为一项不可或缺的工作,北宋末年的黄伯思和董逌,堪称北宋书法鉴定和辨伪史上的代表人物.二人的书法辨伪方法同中有异,可以从各自的代表作《东观余论》和《广川书跋》中窥见一斑.

  8. Study of Parental Rearing Patterns in Single Child Family in Cities of ShanDong Province%山东省城市独生父母家庭幼儿教养方式的现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李南

    2011-01-01

    随着我国第一代独生子女进入育儿高峰期,独生父母的育儿观念和方式越来越受到社会的关注。本文以子女为学龄前儿童的城市独生父母家庭为研究对象,调查了他们的教养方式的现状及存在问题,并讨论了解决方案。%As the first generation of single child family into parenting peak,single child family,s parenting style and concept were paid attention to.Taking the city for pre-school children single-child family as the research object,we investigate their upbringing of the present situation and the existing problems,and discusses the solution.

  9. Poetry with Aethetics, Poetry of Inscripting History——New Views on the Poetry of Mao TseDong%以美铸诗 以诗证史——毛泽东诗词新论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴功正

    2002-01-01

    毛泽东诗词具有两个方面的经验品格:以美铸诗、以诗证史。我们必须注重从审美的视角入手,去探究毛泽东的情感世界、诗词学养、审美个性、意象塑造、主体风范,并联系毛泽东的诗词美学主张和晚年生活,进而对毛泽东诗词作出新的解读。

  10. Dong Effect of platycodin on the zebrafish cardiovascular function and development%桔梗皂苷对斑马鱼心功能及胚胎发育的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董永新; 王跃祥; 钱林溪; 蒋璆; 刘学飞; 宋后燕

    2006-01-01

    目的 探索桔梗总苷对斑马鱼心律及胚胎发育的影响.方法 从中药饮片提取桔梗总苷,用不同浓度的桔梗总苷对不同发育阶段的斑马鱼胚胎进行处理,观察该药对斑马鱼心律及心脏发育的影响.结果 桔梗总苷处理后发现,斑马鱼心率减缓但未出现心律失常;心脏功能相关的离子通道基因表达水平略有降低;高浓度(10mg·L-1)的桔梗总苷处理导致斑马鱼胚胎的死亡与畸形的比例显著增加,同时干扰了斑马鱼胚胎的发育过程.结论 桔梗不能引起心律失常,但高浓度用药导致心率迟缓、心功能下降以及致畸致死效应.

  11. Utilização de fitoestrógenos da soja (glycine max) e angelica sinensis (dong quai) como uma alternativa terapêutica para o tratamento dos sintomas do climatério

    OpenAIRE

    Graef, Alesandra Mara; Locatelli, Claudriana; Santos, Patricia

    2012-01-01

    O climatério é o período da vida da mulher caracterizado pela diminuição da função ovariana e da produção de hormônios estrógenos; consequentemente, nesse período modificações em vários tecidos ocorrem como resultado desse processo. A faixa etária média de início do climatério é entre 48 e 50 anos de idade. A carência de estrógenos irá determinar alterações fisiopatológicas em diferentes sistemas, manifestando-se por meio de sintomatologia precoce e tardia. Atualmente existem duas opções para...

  12. 亚里士多德心智哲学难题与托马斯的化解%Problem of Mind in Aristotle's Philosophy and the Solution of Thomas Aquinas Dong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董尚文

    2006-01-01

    虽然心智哲学是19世纪才渐臻成熟的一个哲学流派,但是关于心智问题的哲学思考早已发韧于古希腊。自阿那克萨戈拉提出“nous”(mind)以降,希腊哲学家就普遍把心智问题作为哲学思考的一个重要方面。亚里士多德在《灵魂论》第三卷第四、五章中对心智问题更是进行了提纲挈领的哲学阐释,同时也为后人留下了关于理智性质问题的哲学难题。后世注释家围绕亚氏难题作了诸多揣测乃至针锋相对的诠释,尤其在中世纪,各种不同诠释引发的争论达到了前所未有的高潮。

  13. Narrative Poem BAIYUSHUANG of Dong Nationality and Romance FENZHUANGLOU%侗族长诗《白玉霜》与英雄传奇小说《粉妆楼》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗汉田

    2001-01-01

    广泛流传于侗族民间的叙事琵琶歌,其内容取材于清代英雄传奇小说中与女主人公柏玉霜相关的章回.从小说中截取部分章回移植改编而成的,一方面显示出侗族叙事琵琶歌与汉族英雄传奇小说的关系,同时也显示出南方少数民族口头文学与汉族作家书面文学的关系.

  14. 谈董从民油画风景写生的艺术语言特征%A Discussion on Artistic Linguistic Features of Dong Cong-min's Oil Painting Landscape Sketches

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丹; 全玲

    2014-01-01

    以董从民油画风景写生为对象,分析其油画风景作品的艺术特征,并从构图、笔触、色彩等方面探讨他的绘画形式与语言,进而结合他的精神诉求,阐述他的创作观念与社会价值,旨在从绘画语言的角度探讨董从民油画风景写生的艺术表现力.

  15. 认真学习江泽民人才思想加快广东人力资源开发%To study seriously Jiang Zemin's thought about personnel and quicken the exploitation of Guang dong's personnel resources

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李廷家

    2003-01-01

    @@ 江泽民人才思想是对邓小平人才理论的丰富和发展.认真学习、研究江泽民人才思想,了解其产生的深刻的历史背景和社会基础,以及对邓小平人才理论的创新内容,对指导广东人才资源开发,有着重要的理论意义和实践意义.

  16. Serum Gamma-glutamyltransferase Levels Predict the Progression of Coronary Artery Calcification in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gang, Li; Wei-Hua, Lu; Rong, Ai; Jian-Hong, Yang; Zi-Hua, Zhou; Zhong-Zhi, Tang

    2015-08-01

    Progression of coronary artery calcification (CAC) may be more predictive of future coronary heart disease events than a baseline CAC score. We determined whether serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) activity can independently predict the progression of CAC in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Patients (n = 326) without symptomatic cardiovascular (CV) disease were evaluated by CAC imaging. The CAC scores were assessed at baseline and after 20 ± 4 months. Serum GGT activities were significantly higher in progressors compared with nonprogressors (39 ± 16 vs. 27 ± 11 U/L, P < .001). Multivariable analyses demonstrated that GGT activity retained a strong association with CAC progression after adjustment for CV risk factors. Additionally, there was a graded association between GGT activity quartile and annualized CAC progression. In asymptomatic patients with T2DM, we prospectively found that serum GGT activity may be an independent predictor of CAC progression but not a predictor of CAC incidence.

  17. Substratos renováveis na produção de mudas de Ficus enormis proveniente de jardim clonal

    OpenAIRE

    Rosimeri de Oliveira Fragoso; Carlos André Stuepp; Antonio Aparecido Carpanezzi; Ivar Wendling; Katia Christina Zuffellato-Ribas; Henrique Soares Koehler

    2017-01-01

    Objetivou-se avaliar substratos renováveis à base de casca de arroz carbonizada (CAC) e fibra de coco (FC) sobre o enraizamento e qualidade final de mudas de Ficus enormis Mart. ex Miq. via estaquia caulinar de plantas provenientes de jardim clonal. Foram avaliados seis substratos: comercial (controle), composto por casca de arroz carbonizada (CAC), fibra de coco (FC) e vermiculita (S1); 100% FC (S2); 100% CAC (S3); 50% FC e 50% CAC (S4); 30% (FC) e 70% CAC (S5); 70% FC e 30% CAC (S6). O subs...

  18. Establishing the colitis-associated cancer progression mouse models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Haiming; Lu, Zhanjun; Wang, Ruhua; Chen, Niwei; Zheng, Ping

    2016-12-01

    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been reported as an important inducer of colorectal cancer (CRC). The most malignant IBD-associated CRC type has been highlighted as colitis-associated cancer (CAC). However, lack of CAC cases and difficulties of the long follow-up research have challenged researchers in molecular mechanism probing. Here, we established pre-CAC mouse models (dextran sulfate sodium [DSS] group and azoxymethane [AOM] group) and CAC mouse model (DSS/AOM group) to mimic human CAC development through singly or combinational treatment with DSS and AOM followed by disease activity index analysis. We found that these CAC mice showed much more severe disease phenotype, including serious diarrhea, body weight loss, rectal prolapse and bleeding, bloody stool, tumor burden, and bad survival. By detecting expression patterns of several therapeutic targets-Apc, p53, Kras, and TNF-α-in these mouse models through western blot, histology analysis, qRT-PCR, and ELISA methods, we found that the oncogene Kras expression remained unchanged, while the tumor suppressors-Apc and p53 expression were both significantly downregulated with malignancy progression from pre-CAC to CAC, and TNF-α level was elevated the most in CAC mice blood which is of potential clinical use. These data indicated the successful establishment of CAC development mouse models, which mimics human CAC well both in disease phenotype and molecular level, and highlighted the promoting role of inflammation in CAC progression. This useful tool will facilitate the further study in CAC molecular mechanism.

  19. PUBLIC KEY INFRASTRUCTURE (PKI)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — Common Access Card (CAC) Enterprise Testing Overview: Established in 2003 Performs test and evaluations of the DOD PKI CAC issuance systems from an enterprise level...

  20. PUBLIC KEY INFRASTRUCTURE (PKI)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — Common Access Card (CAC)Enterprise Testing Overview:Established in 2003Performs test and evaluations of the DOD PKI CAC issuance systems from an enterprise level all...

  1. Genome-Wide Association Study for Coronary Artery Calcification With Follow-Up in Myocardial Infarction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    O'Donnell, Christopher J.; Kavousi, Maryam; Smith, Albert V.; Kardia, Sharon L. R.; Feitosa, Mary F.; Hwang, Shih-Jen; Sun, Yan V.; Province, Michael A.; Aspelund, Thor; Dehghan, Abbas; Hoffmann, Udo; Bielak, Lawrence F.; Zhang, Qunyuan; Eiriksdottir, Gudny; van Duijn, Cornelia M.; Fox, Caroline S.; de Andrade, Mariza; Kraja, Aldi T.; Sigurdsson, Sigurdur; Elias-Smale, Suzette E.; Murabito, Joanne M.; Launer, Lenore J.; van der Lugt, Aad; Kathiresan, Sekar; Krestin, Gabriel P.; Herrington, David M.; Howard, Timothy D.; Liu, Yongmei; Post, Wendy S.; Mitchell, Braxton D.; O'Connell, Jeffrey R.; Shen, Haiqing; Shuldiner, Alan R.; Altshuler, David; Elosua, Roberto; Salomaa, Veikko; Schwartz, Stephen M.; Siscovick, David S.; Voight, Benjamin F.; Bis, Joshua C.; Glazer, Nicole L.; Psaty, Bruce M.; Boerwinkle, Eric; Heiss, Gerardo; Blankenberg, Stefan; Zeller, Tanja; Wild, Philipp S.; Schnabel, Renate B.; Schillert, Arne; Ziegler, Andreas; Muenzel, Thomas; White, Charles C.; Rotter, Jerome I.; Nalls, Michael; Oudkerk, Matthijs; Johnson, Andrew D.; Newman, Anne B.; Uitterlinden, Andre G.; Massaro, Joseph M.; Cunningham, Julie; Harris, Tamara B.; Hofman, Albert; Peyser, Patricia A.; Borecki, Ingrid B.; Cupples, L. Adrienne; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Witteman, Jacqueline C. M.

    2011-01-01

    Background-Coronary artery calcification (CAC) detected by computed tomography is a noninvasive measure of coronary atherosclerosis, which underlies most cases of myocardial infarction (MI). We sought to identify common genetic variants associated with CAC and further investigate their associations

  2. Prevalence of carotid artery calcifications detected on panoramic radiographs and confirmed by Doppler ultrasonography: Their relationship with systemic conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thalita Queiroz Abreu

    2015-01-01

    Conclusions: CACs can be detected in PRJs, and are more frequent in common carotid arteries. No significant associations were detected between the presence of unilateral or bilateral CAC in PRJ and hypertension, diabetes, or obesity.

  3. 76 FR 10010 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-23

    .... Electronic media is accessed by a Common Access Card (CAC).'' Retention and disposal: Delete entry and... media is accessed by a Common Access Card (CAC). Retention and disposal: Retained for one year...

  4. 75 FR 136 - Privacy Act of 1974; Systems of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-04

    .... Access to the system is by user account and password or by the Common Access Card (CAC). Permission... (CAC). Permission levels have been established on a need-to-know basis. RETENTION AND DISPOSAL:...

  5. 77 FR 2515 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-18

    ...-know. System software uses Primary Key Infrastructure (PKI)/Common Access Card (CAC) authentication to... Infrastructure (PKI)/Common Access Card (CAC) authentication to lock out unauthorized access. System...

  6. 75 FR 4788 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-29

    ... secure facility. Access to information is role-based and requires Common Access Card (CAC) and limited to... Reserve with limited access. CAC or RSA token secure access is required for PII information...

  7. 78 FR 35609 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-13

    ... . Member must use LOGIN ID and password or Common Access Card (CAC) to gain access to site and then select... Password or CAC to gain access to site and then select PRIMS from the menu. Former service members...

  8. 75 FR 58368 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-24

    .... Access to the network where records are maintained requires a valid Common Access Card (CAC). Electronic... currently applied to individually issued CAC cards are applicable to paper compilations limited to...

  9. Coronary atherosclerosis evaluation among Iranian patients with zero coronary calcium score in computed tomography coronary angiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Moradi

    2016-01-01

    Conclusion: Although, CAC scoring is a noninvasive and valuable method to evaluate CAD; but zero CAC score does not absolutely exclude the CAD, especially in the presence of risk factors such as diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and smoking.

  10. 75 FR 22562 - Privacy Act of 1974; Systems of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-29

    ... the use of Common Access Card (CAC) and assigned system roles. The web-based files are encrypted in... are deployed on accredited systems with access restricted by the use of Common Access Card (CAC)...

  11. 75 FR 63160 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-14

    ... require Common Access Card (CAC) and passwords. Users are limited according to their assigned duties to... based on their assigned duties. Computer systems require Common Access Card (CAC) and passwords....

  12. 75 FR 21258 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-23

    ... Common Access Card (CAC) is used to authenticate and lock out unauthorized access.'' Retention and... accessible only to authorized persons. Use of Common Access Card (CAC) is used to authenticate and lock...

  13. Exon: CBRC-HSAP-11-0005 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-HSAP-11-0005 ATGGCAACACCCTCCTCTAGCACACAGACCAGTGGTACTcccccatcactgaccaccacggccactacgatcacggccaccggctccacc...accaacccctcctcaactccagggacaacacctatccccccagtgctgaccaccaccgccaccacacctgcagccaccagcag...cacAGTGACTCCCTCCTCTGCCCTAGGGACCACCCACACACCCCCAGTGCCGAACACCACGGCCACCACACACGGGCGATCCCTGTCCCCCAGCAGTCCCCACACGGT...GCGCACAGCCTGGACTTCGGCCACCTCAGGCACCTTGGGCACCACCCACATCACAGAGCCTTCCACGGGGACTTCCCACACCCCAGCAGCAACCACCGGTACCA...CCCAGCACTCGACTCCAGCCCTGTCCAGCCCTCACCCTAGCAGCAGGACCACCGAGTCACCCCCTTCTCCAGGGACGACCACCCCGGGCCACACCA

  14. Impact of Gender on the Prognostic Value of Coronary Artery Calcium in Symptomatic Patients With Normal Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography Myocardial Perfusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engbers, Elsemiek M; Timmer, Jorik R; Ottervanger, Jan Paul; Mouden, Mohamed; Knollema, Siert; Jager, Pieter L

    2016-12-01

    The coronary artery calcium (CAC) score provides independent prognostic value on top of single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI). We sought to determine whether the prognostic value of the CAC score in patients with normal SPECT MPI is gender specific. We studied 3,705 consecutive symptomatic patients without a history of coronary artery disease with normal SPECT MPI. All patients underwent concomitant CAC scoring, which was categorized as CAC score 0, 1 to 99, 100 to 399, 400 to 999, or ≥1,000. Major adverse cardiac events were defined as revascularization, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or all-cause mortality. The median CAC score was 9 in women (interquartile range 0 to 113) and 47 in men (interquartile range 1 to 307, p CAC score, annual event rates were similar (for women and men, respectively: CAC score 0, 0.6% and 0.5%, p = 0.95; CAC score 1 to 99, 0.9% and 1.2%, p = 0.45; CAC score 100 to 399, 2.7% and 3.8%, p = 0.23; CAC score 400 to 999, 3.8% and 5.3%, p = 0.34; CAC score ≥1,000, 8.4% and 8.7%, p = 0.99). The CAC score was an independent predictor of major adverse cardiac events in both genders (CAC score ≥1,000: hazard ratio for women 8.5, 95% confidence interval 4.0 to 18.1; hazard ratio for men 14.8, 95% confidence interval 5.3 to 41.1). In conclusion, risk for events is similar for both genders when stratified by CAC score, wherein a high CAC score carries a high risk for events despite normal SPECT MPI. Our findings do not reveal a gender-specific prognostic value of the CAC score.

  15. Exon: CBRC-MMUS-17-0000 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available TCTGTTGTCACATGCTCCACTATTTTGTCAAAGTGCTCCACTATTGTGTCAGAGTGCTTCTTGTACTGTCACAATGTTCCACTATGCTGTCACAgtgctgcactgggctgtcac...agtgcttccctctggtatcacagtgctccactgtggtgtcacagtgctctactgtgttgtCAC...CBRC-MMUS-17-0000 ATGTTCCACTGTGGTGTCACATTTCTCCACTGTGGTTTCACATGCTCCACTGTGCAGTCACAGTGCTCCACTGTGGTATCAC...AGTGCTGCAATATGTTTGTCTGTGCTCCACTGTACTGTCACAGCACTCACCTTGTTGTCACAGTACTCCACTCTGGTGTCACAATGCTCAACTATTGTGTCAC...AGTGCTACTTGTAGGGTCACTATGCTCCACTGCGGTGTCACAGTGCTACACTGGGGTGTCACAGCTCTCCAGTGTGCTGTCTCGATGCTCCAATGTGCTGTCACAGTGCTCCAC

  16. The Practice of Research of a Basic Education Teacher Involving Mental Models of the Phases of the Moon and Eclipses. (Spanish Title: La Práctica de Investigación de un Maestro de Educación BÁsica con El Uso de los Modelos Mentales de Las Fases de la Luna Y Eclipses.) A Prática de Pesquisa de um Professor do Ensino Fundamental Envolvendo Modelos Mentais de Fases da Lua e Eclipses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pessôa Queiroz, Glória; Jubitipan Borges de Sousa, Carlos; Auxiliadora Delgado Machado, Maria

    2009-12-01

    The inclusion of basic education teachers in the survey domain is a controversial issue and fully debated in the academy. The opportunity for a collective work that incorporated school teachers from a public school to a university's group of physics teaching at university allowed us to glimpse the redefinition of the function of a science teacher (a coauthor of this paper) by himself, such that now he includes research on the knowledge construction by students in his teacher practice. The formation of inter-institutional groups for action planning and research in these areas has proved productive for the task of knowledge construction to support educational processes in school, while the university enriches its collection of experiences critically validated, and can consider the results in teachers initial and continued education. The active participation of the teacher in a research group at the university led him to reflect on the possible didactical ways to be described, analyzed and communicated to other teachers. The construction of a pedagogy that took into account the mental models of students on the basic topics of astronomy, and the changes developed resulting from the lessons taught, led to far-reaching consequences on the pedagogy adopted by the teacher, who incorporates now a new vision of science and alternative forms to dialogue with students, essential components for a researcher in Science Education. La inclusión de los maestros de la escuela básica en el universo de la investigación es polémica y está en amplio debate en el mundo académico. La oportunidad de trabajo colectivo de los maestros de una escuela pública en Río de Janeiro con un grupo universitario de enseñanza de la física nos ha permitido vislumbrar la redefinición de la función de un maestro de ciencias (uno de los coautores de este documento) por él mismo, ahora para incluir la investigación sobre la construcción del conocimiento por los alumnos en su práctica como docente. La formación de grupos interinstitucionales para la planificación de la acción y la investigación ha resultado productiva para el trabajo de construcción de conocimiento de apoyo a los procesos educativos en la escuela, mientras que la universidad enriquece su colección de experiencias validadas, considerando los resultados de la educación inicial y continua de maestros. La participación activa del maestro en un grupo de investigación en la universidad lo llevó a reflexiones sobre los posibles caminos didácticos que pueden ser descriptos, analizados y comunicados a los demás docentes. La construcción de una pedagogía propia, que tuvo en cuenta los modelos mentales de los estudiantes sobre los temas básicos de astronomía, y los cambios desarrollados a partir de las lecciones que enseñó, trajeron consecuencias de largo alcance sobre la pedagogía adoptada por el maestro, que ahora incorpora una nueva visión de la ciencia y formas alternativas al diálogo con los estudiantes, los componentes esenciales para un investigador en Educaciónen Ciencias. A inclusão do professor da escola básica no universo da pesquisa é questão controvertida e em pleno debate no meio acadêmico. A oportunidade de trabalho coletivo que incorporou professores de uma escola municipal no Rio de Janeiro a um grupo de ensino de Física da universidade nos possibilitou vislumbrar a ressignificação da função de um professor de Ciências (co-autor deste trabalho) por ele próprio, agora passando a incluir a pesquisa sobre a construção de conhecimento pelos alunos em sua prática como docente. A formação de grupos interinstitucionais para o planejamento de ações e de pesquisas tem-se mostrado produtiva para um trabalho de construção de conhecimentos a fim de subsidiar processos educativos na escola, ao mesmo tempo em que a universidade enriquece seu acervo de experiências validadas criticamente, podendo considerar seus resultados na formação inicial e continuada de professores. A participação ativa do professor num grupo de pesquisa na universidade o levou à reflexão sobre caminhos didáticos possíveis de serem descritos, analisados e comunicados a outros professores. A construção de uma pedagogia própria, levando em conta os modelos mentais dos alunos sobre temas básicos de Astronomia, e as mudanças promovidas a partir das aulas dadas, trouxeram amplas conseqüências sobre a pedagogia adotada pelo professor. Hoje a prática desse professor incorpora uma nova visão de ciência e formas alternativas de dialogar com os alunos, elementos indispensáveis a um pesquisador em Educação em Ciências.

  17. AOM/DSS Model of Colitis-Associated Cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parang, Bobak; Barrett, Caitlyn W; Williams, Christopher S

    2016-01-01

    Our understanding of colitis-associated carcinoma (CAC) has benefited substantially from mouse models that faithfully recapitulate human CAC. Chemical models, in particular, have enabled fast and efficient analysis of genetic and environmental modulators of CAC without the added requirement of time-intensive genetic crossings. Here we describe the Azoxymethane (AOM)/Dextran Sodium Sulfate (DSS) mouse model of inflammatory colorectal cancer.

  18. Automatic coronary calcium scoring in cardiac CT angiography using convolutional neural networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wolterink, Jelmer M.; Leiner, Tim; Viergever, Max A.; Isgum, I

    2015-01-01

    The amount of coronary artery calcification (CAC) is a strong and independent predictor of cardiovascular events. Non-contrast enhanced cardiac CT is considered a reference for quantification of CAC. Recently, it has been shown that CAC may be quantified in cardiac CT angiography (CCTA). We present

  19. 78 FR 44895 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: First Co. Petition for Reconsideration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-25

    ... conditioners and heat pumps (together ``CAC'') to: collect Energy Efficiency Rating (EER) information from... conditioners and heat pumps (together ``CAC'') under 10 CFR part 429, subpart B, to: (i) collect Energy... annual compliance statement and certification report, that each basic model CAC meets the...

  20. 75 FR 42765 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request, 1660-0023...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-22

    ... Program CAC and CAV Reports AGENCY: Federal Emergency Management Agency, DHS. ACTION: Notice; 60-day... to meet these objectives are through the Community Assistance Contact (CAC) and Community Assistance... Assistance Program CAC and CAV Reports. Type of Information Collection: Revision of a currently...

  1. 77 FR 68755 - Decision and Order Granting a Waiver Granted to Samsung Electronics America, Inc. From the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-16

    ... No. CAC-038) that grants Samsung Electronics America, Inc. (Samsung) a waiver from the DOE commercial.... Decision and Order In the Matter of: Samsung Electronics America, Inc. (Samsung) (Case No. CAC-038). I... staff, it is ordered that: (1) The petition for waiver submitted by the Samsung (Case No. CAC- 038)...

  2. 78 FR 75574 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-12

    ... Program CAC and CAV Reports AGENCY: Federal Emergency Management Agency, DHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The... Implementation of the NFIP Community Assistance Program CAC and CAV Reports. OMB Number: 1660-0023. Type of...: Through the use of a Community Assistance Contact (CAC) or Community Assistance Visit (CAV), FEMA can...

  3. 78 FR 23899 - Codex Alimentarius Commission: Meeting of the Codex Alimentarius Commission

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-23

    ... will be discussed at the Thirty-Sixth Session of the Codex Alimentarius ] Commission (CAC), which will.... Documents related to the 36th Session of the CAC will be accessible via the World Wide Web at the following... the CAC invites U.S. interested parties to submit their comments electronically to the following...

  4. 76 FR 26712 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-09

    ... restricted through the use of Common Access Cards (CAC) along with passwords specific to the system. Data is... Common Access Cards (CAC) along with passwords specific to the system. Data is encrypted, while being... use of Common Access Cards (CAC) along with passwords specific to the system. Data is encrypted,...

  5. 78 FR 51198 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Effectiveness of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-20

    ... CAC and CAV Reports AGENCY: Federal Emergency Management Agency, DHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The... NFIP Community Assistance Program Community Assistance Contact (CAC) and Community Assistance Visit... Program CAC and CAV Reports. OMB Number: 1660-0023. Type of Information Collection: Revision of...

  6. 76 FR 34685 - Energy Conservation Program for Certain Commercial and Industrial Equipment: Decision and Order...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-14

    ... publishes the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Decision and Order in Case No. CAC-029, which grants Daikin... the Matter of: Daikin AC (Americas) Inc. (Daikin) (Case No. CAC- 029). Background Title III, Part C of...) The petition for waiver filed by Daikin (Case No. CAC-029) is hereby granted as set forth in...

  7. 75 FR 25224 - Energy Conservation Program for Commercial Equipment: Decision and Order Granting a Waiver to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-07

    .... Department of Energy's (DOE) decision and order in Case No. CAC-025, which grants a waiver to Daikin from the.... (Daikin) (Case No. CAC-025). Background Title III of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) sets..., Inc., (Daikin) (Case No. CAC-025) is hereby granted as set forth in the paragraphs below. (2)...

  8. 77 FR 68752 - Decision and Order Granting a Waiver Granted to Fujitsu General Limited From the Department of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-16

    ... No. CAC-039) that grants Fujitsu General Limited (Fujitsu) a waiver from the DOE commercial package.... Decision and Order In the Matter of: Fujitsu General Limited (Fujitsu) (Case No. CAC- 039). I. Background... ordered that: (1) The petition for waiver submitted by Fujitsu (Case No. CAC-039) is hereby granted as...

  9. 76 FR 19742 - Codex Alimentarius Commission: Meeting of the Codex Alimentarius Commission

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-08

    ... that will be discussed at the 34th session of the Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC), which will be... session of the CAC and to address items on the agenda. DATES: The public meeting is scheduled for June 16... session of the CAC will be accessible via the World Wide Web at the following address:...

  10. 77 FR 30953 - Approval and Promulgation of State Implementation Plans; State of Wyoming; Regional Haze Rule...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-24

    ... or refer to Best Available Retrofit Technology. iii. The initials CAC mean or refer to clean air... visibility days (least impaired) in the 16 Class I areas on the Colorado Plateau. The CAC as described in the... comprehensive emissions tracking program for all visibility impairing pollutants within the CAC. Based on...

  11. 75 FR 41845 - Energy Conservation Program for Certain Commercial and Industrial Equipment: Decision and Order...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-19

    ... the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Decision and Order in Case No. CAC-027, which grants Sanyo North... Matter of: Sanyo North America Corp. (Sanyo) (Case No. CAC-027) Background Title III of the Energy Policy... waiver filed by Sanyo (Case No. CAC-027) is hereby granted as set forth in the paragraphs below....

  12. 75 FR 68613 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request, OMB No...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-08

    ... Community Assistance Program CAC and CAV Reports AGENCY: Federal Emergency Management Agency, DHS. ACTION... Assistance Program CAC and CAV Reports. Type of information collection: Revision of a currently approved... Report. Abstract: Through the use of a Community Assistance Contact (CAC) or Community Assistance...

  13. 77 FR 71176 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-29

    .... TMA's HSPD-12 credential is known as the Common Access Card (CAC). The PSD makes interim determinations for issuance of the CAC for TMA contractor personnel who currently do not have the required... determining the status of returning contractors and approving CAC renewals. Dated: November 26, 2012....

  14. 75 FR 27981 - Codex Alimentarius Commission: Meeting of the Codex Alimentarius Commission

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-19

    ... Session of the Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC), which will be held in Geneva, Switzerland, July 5-9... opportunity to obtain background information on the 33rd Session of the CAC and to address items on the agenda...., Washington, DC 20250. Documents related to the 33rd Session of the CAC will be accessible via the World...

  15. 75 FR 6013 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Decision and Order Granting a Waiver to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-05

    ... No. CAC-022. DOE grants a waiver to Hallowell from the existing DOE test procedure applicable to... International (Hallowell) (Case No. CAC-022). Background Title III of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act...: (1) The ``Petition for Waiver'' filed by Hallowell International (Hallowell) (Case No. CAC-022)...

  16. 76 FR 50204 - Decision and Order Granting a Waiver to Fujitsu General Limited From the Department of Energy...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-12

    ... No. CAC-033, which grants Fujitsu General Limited (Fujitsu) a waiver from the existing DOE test... Energy. Decision and Order In the Matter of: Fujitsu General Limited (Fujitsu) (Case No. CAC- 033... petition for waiver filed by Fujitsu (Case No. CAC-033) is hereby granted as set forth in the...

  17. The Vertical Limit of State Sovereignty

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-06-01

    degrees, 39 minutes, and 58 seconds East Longitude. See Federation of American Scientist , No-dong (last modified Mar. 25, 40 warnings of the...23, 2005) <http://www.fas.org/nuke/guide/dprk/facility/nodong.htm> [hereinafter Federation of American Scientist , No-dong]. 251 See Kazuhiro...claiming the rocket had two- stages). 253 See Nakatani, supra note 251, at 144; Warwick, supra note 252; Federation of American Scientist , No-dong

  18. Effect of Calcium Aluminate Cement Variety on the Hydration of Portland Cement in Blended System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Linglin; WANG Peiming; Geert DE SCHUTTER; WU Guangming

    2014-01-01

    Two kinds of CACs with different monocalcium aluminate (CA) contents were used in the PC/CAC (PAC) mixtures. Effects of CA and CACs on the properties of PAC were analyzed by setting times and the compressive strength tests, and also by means of calorimetry, XRD, DTA-TG and ESEM. The experimental results show that the compressive strength of the PAC mortars decreases with increasing content of CAC while it declines sharply with a higher content of CA in CAC. Compared with neat PC paste, the content of calcium hydroxide in hydrates of PAC paste decreases significantly, and the hydration time of PC is prominently prolonged. Additionally, the higher the content of CA in CAC, the more obviously the hydration of PC is delayed, confirming that the CA phase in CAC plays an important role in the delay of PC hydration.

  19. Relationship of thoracic aortic calcium to coronary calcium and its progression (from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis [MESA]).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivera, Juan J; Nasir, Khurram; Katz, Ronit; Takasu, Junichiro; Allison, Matthew; Wong, Nathan D; Barr, R Graham; Carr, Jeffrey J; Blumenthal, Roger S; Budoff, Matthew J

    2009-06-01

    Thoracic aortic calcium (TAC) has been associated with a higher prevalence of coronary arterial calcium (CAC). The purpose of this study was to assess the relations between TAC and incident CAC and CAC progression in a cohort from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). MESA is a prospective cohort study of 6,814 participants free of clinical cardiovascular disease at entry who underwent noncontrast cardiac computed tomographic scanning at baseline examination and at a 2-year follow-up assessment. The independent associations between TAC and incident CAC in those without CAC at baseline and between TAC and CAC progression in those with CAC at baseline were investigated. The final study population consisted of 5,755 subjects (84%; mean age 62 +/- 10 years, 48% men) who had follow-up CAC scores an average of 2.4 years later. Incident CAC was significantly higher in those with TAC compared with those without TAC at baseline (11 per 100 patient-years vs 6 per 100 patient-years). Similarly, TAC was associated with a higher CAC change (p CAC at baseline. In analysis adjusted for demographics and follow-up duration, TAC was associated with incident CAC (relative risk 1.72, p CAC change (first quartile: relative risk 2.89, 95% confidence interval -3.16 to 8.95; fourth quartile: relative risk 24.21, 95% confidence interval 18.25 to 30.18). In conclusion, TAC is associated with the incidence and progression of CAC. The detection of TAC may improve risk stratification efforts. Future clinical outcomes studies are needed to support such an approach.

  20. Relationship between coronary artery calcification and osteopenic syndrome in men with coronary heart disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. A. Raskina

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to investigate the relationship between coronary artery calcification (CAC and osteopenic syndrome in men with coronary heart disease (CHD.Subjects and methods. A total of 102 men aged 51 to 75 years (mean age 61 (55; 65 years with verified CHD were examined. Bone mineral density (BMD and its T-score of LI–IV and femoral neck were determined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. According to the T-score, the men were divided into 3 groups: 1 33 (32.4% patients with osteoporosis (OP (T-score <-2.5; 2 48 (47.0% patients with osteopenia (OSP (T-score -1 to -2.5 and 3 21 (20.6% examinees with normal BMD (NBMD (T-score ≥-1. In all the patients, CAC was quantified by multislice spiral computed tomography. The investigators calculated CA calcium scores by the Agatston method and rated the extent of calcification: none (0, minimal (1–10, mild (11–100, moderate (101–400, or severe (>400.Results and discussion. Severe CAC was detected in 57.8% of the men; moderate CAC was in 25.5%; mild CAC was in 6.9; minimal CAC was in 2.0%; and none CAC was in 7.8%. In the OP group, the majority (69.7% of the patients had severe CAC; 15.1% had moderate CAC, 6.1% had mild CAC; 3.0% had minimal CAC; CAC was undetected in 6.1% of cases. In the OSP group, there was severe CAC in 60.4%, moderate CAC in 33.3%, mild CAC in 4.2%, and minimal CAC in 2.1%. The patients without CAC were absent in this group. In the NBMD group, 33.3% of the examinees were recorded to have severe CAC; 23.8% had moderate CAC; 14.3% had mild CAC; CAC was undetected in 28.6%. Minimal CAC was also undetected in the patients of this group. There was a preponderance of patients with severe CAC in all the groups of those identified by the T-score. The extent of CAC was significantly lower in the NBMD group than in the OSP group (p<0.05. CAC was significantly more frequently absent in the NBMD group than in the low BMD group (p<0.05. There was an inverse correlation between

  1. Papel de las células NK y linfocitos T en la respuesta inmune frente a Chlamidophyla abortus en modelo murino / Carlos Manuel Martínez Cacéres; directores, Joaquín Sánchez Campillo, Antonio J. Buendía Marín y Jesús Salinas Lorente.

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Cáceres, Carlos Manuel

    2006-01-01

    Tesis-Universidad de Murcia. Consulte la tesis en: BCA. GENERAL. ARCHIVO UNIVERSITARIO. T.M. 3026. Consulte la tesis en: BCA. GENERAL. Fac. Veterinaria. Departamentos. E002B TESIS 111. Consulte la tesis en: BCA. GENERAL. Fac. Veterinaria. Sala de estudio. Tesis-V 219.

  2. Huong Dan Cho Phu Huynh Ve Thanh Qua La Viec Quan Trong Nhat: Ke hoach giao duc cua Maryland cho cac lop chuan bi hoc mau giao den lop 12, 2002-2003. (A Parent's Guide to Achievement Matters Most: Maryland's Plan for PreK-12 Education, 2002-2003).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

    To raise the achievement of every student in the state, Maryland implemented "Achievement Matters Most," a new plan for public elementary and secondary schools that sets goals in the areas of achievement, teaching, testing, safety, and family involvement in schools. This Vietnamese-language guide for parents outlines the goals and…

  3. KAJIAN PERUBAHAN TUTUPAN LAHAN DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI BRANTAS BAGIAN HILIR MENGGUNAKAN CITRA SATELIT MULTI TEMPORAL (STUDI KASUS: KALI PORONG, KABUPATEN SIDOARJO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aninda Nurry

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Perubahan tutupan lahan (land cover change ditandai dengan adanya perubahan alih fungsi penggunaan lahan. Pada daerah aliran sungai perubahan tutupaan lahan sekitar daerah aliran sungai tersebut biasanya terjadi pada daerah sisi kanan dan kiri sungai yang digunakan sebagai pemukiman atau daerah industri (pabrik. Sungai Porong sebagai bagian dari Sungai Brantas yang sudah lama beralih fungsi sebagai tempat pembuangan luapan lumpur panas Sidoarjo telah banyak mengalami perubahan.  Terjadinya bencana lumpur Sidoarjo pada 29 Mei 2006 membuat suatu perubahan yang mempengaruhi kondisi air, pemukiman dan sosial ekonomi di wilayah tersebut. Untuk  mengetahui  besarnya  perubahan  tutupan lahan daerah tersebut  dapat digunakan  teknologi  penginderaan  jauh  yang  berbasis  citra  satelit  menggunakan  citra Landsat  7  dan  citra  Landsat  8.  Penggunaan  kedua  citra  yang  berbeda  tersebut  dapat dikatakan sebagai citra multitemporal.  Salah satu metode  yang  digunakan  untuk  mengetahui perubahan tutupan  lahan  yaitu  dengan melakukan klasifikasi berdasarkan kemiripan maksimum (maximum likelihood. Dari hasil klasifikasi tersebut, akan diketahui perubahan tutupan lahan daerah sekitar aliran sungai Porong tahun 2002 dan 2013. Hasil tutupan lahan di area kali Porong dari tahun 2002 dan 2013 menunjukan adanya perubahan antara lain luas sawah, luas lahan terbangun, luas lahan kosong, luas badan air (sungai, luas hutan, luas tegalan, luas tambak, dan adanya penambahan kelas lumpur panas Sidoarjo pada landsat 8 dikarenakan  semburan lumpur yang berlangsung sejak tahun 2006 sehingga menghilangkan ratusan hektar sawah dan lahan terbangun. Perubahan tutupan lahan pada landsat 8 yang lain juga muncul yaitu adanya kelas pulau Sarinah yang merupakan hasil pembentukan dari buangan lumpur panas Sidoarjo yang dialirkan melalui kali Porong.

  4. Primary isolation of Candida species from urine specimens using chromogenic medium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okulicz, J F; Rivard, R G; Conger, N G; Nguyen, M X; Hospenthal, D R

    2008-03-01

    CHROMagar Candida (CaC) is a chromogenic medium that can be used to detect Candida species, including Candida albicans, Candida krusei, Candida tropicalis, and perhaps Candida glabrata. We evaluated the utility of CaC to detect candiduria in high-risk patients and the potential usefulness of this information in directing initial antifungal therapy in those later identified with candidaemia. CaC was compared in parallel to standard laboratory methods (SM) for the detection of Candida from urine collected from high-risk units and wards. Of 893 samples, Candida was recovered by CaC from 104 compared with 35 using SM. No isolates detected by SM were undetected by CaC. More than one Candida species were recovered by CaC in 19 of the 104 (18.3%); only two mixed cultures were detected by SM. The identification was more rapid with CaC. Five of 69 patients with candiduria detected by CaC developed candidaemia on or after the date of urine culture. SM recovered fungus in only two of these patients. CaC can be used as primary media for the detection of Candida species from urine specimens. Primary isolation by CaC may enable clinicians to make earlier, directed selection of antifungal agents and potentially reduce patient morbidity and mortality.

  5. Quantitative relationship between coronary calcium content and coronary flow reserve as assessed by integrated PET/CT imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Curillova, Zelmira [Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); VA Boston Healthcare System, Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, West Roxbury, MA (United States); Yaman, Bettina F.; Sitek, Arkadius; El Fakhri, Georges [Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); Dorbala, Sharmila [Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Noninvasive Cardiovascular Imaging Program, Departments of Medicine (Cardiology) and Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); Kwong, Raymond Y. [Harvard Medical School, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Noninvasive Cardiovascular Imaging Program, Departments of Medicine (Cardiology) and Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); Anagnostopoulos, Constantinos [Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); Royal Brompton Hospital, Department of Nuclear Medicine, London (United Kingdom); Di Carli, Marcelo F. [Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); Harvard Medical School, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Noninvasive Cardiovascular Imaging Program, Departments of Medicine (Cardiology) and Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Boston, MA (United States)

    2009-10-15

    To evaluate the relationship between coronary artery calcium (CAC) and coronary vasodilator function. We evaluated 136 patients without known coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing vasodilator stress {sup 82}Rb PET/CT and CAC scoring who showed normal myocardial perfusion. The CAC score, resting and hyperemic myocardial blood flow (MBF), coronary flow reserve (CFR) and coronary vascular resistance were analyzed. Global and regional CAC scores showed significant but weak inverse correlations with hyperemic MBF (r=-0.31 and r=-0.26, p{<=}0.0002 respectively) and CFR (r=-0.28 and r=-0.2, p{<=}0.001 respectively). With increasing CAC score, there was a modest stepwise decline in CFR on a per-patient basis (1.8{+-}0.5 vs 1.7{+-}0.5 vs 1.5{+-}0.4, p=0.048, with total CAC=0, 1-400 and >400, respectively) and on a per-vessel basis. In multivariable modeling only body mass index and CAC score were predictive of CFR. In patients with an intermediate likelihood of, but without overt, CAD, there is a statistically significant but weak inverse correlation between CAC content and coronary vasodilator function. The strength of this association weakens after adjusting CAC scores for age, gender and coronary risk factors. This suggests that CAC and coronary vasodilator function provide biologically different information regarding atherosclerosis. (orig.)

  6. Hyperphosphatemia and hs-CRP Initiate the Coronary Artery Calcification in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shang, Da; Xie, Qionghong; Shang, Bin; Zhang, Min; You, Li; Hao, Chuan-Ming; Zhu, Tongying

    2017-01-01

    Background. Coronary artery calcification (CAC) contributes to high risk of cardiocerebrovascular diseases in dialysis patients. However, the risk factors for CAC initiation in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients are not known clearly. Methods. Adult patients with baseline CaCS = 0 and who were followed up for at least 3 years or until the conversion from absent to any measurable CAC detected were included in this observational cohort study. Binary logistic regression was performed to identify the risk factors for CAC initiation in PD patients. Results. 70 patients recruited to our study were split into a noninitiation group (n = 37) and an initiation group (n = 33) according to the conversion of any measurable CAC during their follow-up or not. In univariate analysis, systolic blood pressure, serum phosphorus, fibrinogen, hs-CRP, serum creatinine, and triglycerides were positively associated with the initiation of CAC, while the high density lipoprotein and nPCR did the opposite function. Multivariate analysis revealed that hyperphosphatemia and hs-CRP were the independent risk factors for CAC initiation after adjustments. Conclusions. Hyperphosphatemia and hs-CRP were the independent risk factors for CAC initiation in PD patients. These results suggested potential clinical strategies to prevent the initiation of CAC in PD patients.

  7. Coronary artery calcification detected by a mobile helical CT unit in a mass screening. The frequency and relationship to coronary risk factors and coronary artery disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Itani, Yasutaka; Watanabe, Shigeru; Masuda, Yoshiaki [Chiba Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine; Hanamura, Kazuhisa; Asakura, Kazuhiro; Sone, Shusuke; Sunami, Yuko; Shimura, Akimitsu; Miyamoto, Tadaaki

    2001-06-01

    A strong relationship is known to exist between coronary artery disease (CAD) and coronary artery calcification (CAC) detected by CT. In this study, we investigated the frequency of CAC and the relationship between coronary risk factors, CAD and CAC in a mass screening using a mobile helical CT unit. The total number of participants was 10008 people undergoing a medical examination for lung cancer and tuberculosis using a mobile helical CT unit. We measured the CT density of the coronary artery to detect CAC. The CT density threshold for determining CAC was above +110HU. The frequency of CAC was 16.0% in the overall patient population and significantly higher in males than in females (20.6% vs 10.7%). Frequency increased with age in both genders. Hypertension and diabetes mellitus were significantly related to CAC. Smoking showed a correlation with CAC only in males. A significant relationship was observed between CAD and CAC in males. In particular, the relationship between them was strongest in males under 60 years of age. Furthermore, the odds ratio of CAC in predicting CAD increased with increasing risk factors in both genders. (author)

  8. Cold activation of serum complement in patients with chronic hepatitis C: study on activating pathway and involvement of IgG.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ishii Y

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available It has been documented that the serum complement activities measured by hemolytic assay (CH50 are decreased after storage of sera at a low temperature in some patients with chronic hepatitis C. However, the mechanism of this phenomenon has not been identified yet. Here, we tried to elucidate factors involved in the cold activation of complement (CAC. To clarify what pathway is activated in CAC, we measured complement cleavage products after cold storage of sera. C4d increased significantly after 12 h-storage at cold temperatures in 5 CAC (+ sera compared with 5 CAC (- (P < 0.01 and 3 control sera (P < 0.05, while Bb did not increase in any of the groups. In order to determine whether IgG or IgG complex is necessary for CAC, 8 CAC (+ sera were incubated with Protein G Sepharose gel beads, and all of them retained hemolytic activities to some extent after cold storage. Column chromatography through Superose 6HR of CAC-positive serum identified the fractions containing molecules that induced CAC in normal serum, which were depleted by treatment with protein G Sepharose. In conclusion, CAC in hepatitis C seems to occur via a classical or lectin pathway, and the IgG complex produced in hepatitis C virus infection may be an important factor in inducing CAC, a common extrahepatic manifestation of hepatitis C.

  9. Coronary artery calcification in Korean patients with incident dialysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bae, Eunjin; Seong, Eun Yong; Han, Byoung-Geun; Kim, Dong Ki; Lim, Chun Soo; Kang, Shin-Wook; Park, Cheol Whee; Kim, Chan-Duck; Shin, Byung Chul; Kim, Sung Gyun; Chung, Wookyung; Park, Jae Yoon; Lee, Joo Yeon; Kim, Yon Su

    2016-10-05

    Introduction Patients with chronic kidney disease have an extremely high risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). In patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), coronary artery calcification (CAC) is associated with increased mortality from CVD. Methods The present study aimed to investigate the risk factors for CAC in Korean patients with incident dialysis. Data on 423 patients with ESRD who started dialysis therapy between December 2012 and March 2014 were obtained from 10 university-affiliated hospitals. CAC was identified by using noncontrast-enhanced cardiac multidetector computed tomography. The CAC score was calculated according to the Agatston score, with CAC-positive subjects defined by an Agatston score >0. Findings Patients' mean age was 55.6 ± 14.6 years, and 64.1% were men. The CAC-positive rate was 63.8% (270 of 423). Results of univariate analyses showed significant differences in age, sex, etiology of ESRD and comorbid conditions according to the CAC score. However, results of multiple regression analysis showed that only a higher age was significantly associated with the CAC score. Receiver operating characteristic curves showed that the sensitivity and specificity of L-spine radiography for diagnosing CAC were 56% and 91%, respectively, for diagnosing CAC (area under the curve, 0.735). Discussion CAC was frequent in patients with incident dialysis, and multiple regression analysis showed that only age was significantly associated with the CAC score. In addition, L-spine radiography could be a helpful modality for diagnosing CAC in patients with incident dialysis.

  10. 78 FR 13626 - Wooden Bedroom Furniture From the People's Republic of China: Initiation of Administrative Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-28

    ... Co., Ltd...... No. Passwell Wood Corporation No. S.Y.C. Family Enterprise Co., Ltd..... No. Samso... Enterprise Co., Ltd. Dongguan Kin Feng Furniture Co., Ltd.. Yes. Dongguan Kingstone Furniture Co., Yes. Ltd...) Enterprises Co., Ltd. Dongguan Lung Dong Furniture Co., Yes. Ltd., Dongguan Dong He Furniture Co.,...

  11. Why Stochastic Modeling is Essential in Analyzing Interdicted Transportation Network Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-06-01

    Guro -Gu, Si-Heung 1 Dong, HanYang Apt. 5-1107 Seoul, Korea 11. CPT. Kim, Suk Hwan SMC 2318 Naval Postgraduate School Monterey, alifornia 93943-5000 12. Library 130-02 Korea Military Academy Gong-Reung Dong, 556-21 Seoul, Korea 61

  12. Radon Spectrum and Its Application for Small Moving Target Detection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    Yunhan Dong National Security and ISR Division Dr Yunhan Dong received his Bachelor and Master degrees in 1980s in China and PhD in 1995 at UNSW...Australia, all in electrical engineering. He then worked at UNSW from 1995 to 2000, and Optus Telecommunications Inc from 2000 to 2002. He joined

  13. 中华老字号——东来顺(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The Donglaishun restaurant chain was established by a man named Ding Deshan, in 1903. The original Donglaishun restaurant was located in the old Dong An Market and fittingly, the main restaurant today can be found in the New Dong An Market in Wangfujing. The chain has developed into a big company with 88 branches and more than

  14. Substratos renováveis na produção de mudas de Ficus enormis proveniente de jardim clonal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosimeri de Oliveira Fragoso

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se avaliar substratos renováveis à base de casca de arroz carbonizada (CAC e fibra de coco (FC sobre o enraizamento e qualidade final de mudas de Ficus enormis Mart. ex Miq. via estaquia caulinar de plantas provenientes de jardim clonal. Foram avaliados seis substratos: comercial (controle, composto por casca de arroz carbonizada (CAC, fibra de coco (FC e vermiculita (S1; 100% FC (S2; 100% CAC (S3; 50% FC e 50% CAC (S4; 30% (FC e 70% CAC (S5; 70% FC e 30% CAC (S6. O substrato comercial (S1 e as composições com maior proporção de FC apresentam qualificação superior para a produção de mudas de F. enormis.

  15. Gender and age effects on risk factor-based prediction of coronary artery calcium in symptomatic patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nicoll, R; Wiklund, U; Zhao, Y;

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The influence of gender and age on risk factor prediction of coronary artery calcification (CAC) in symptomatic patients is unclear. METHODS: From the European Calcific Coronary Artery Disease (EURO-CCAD) cohort, we retrospectively investigated 6309 symptomatic patients, 62......% male, from Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Spain and USA. All of them underwent risk factor assessment and CT scanning for CAC scoring. RESULTS: The prevalence of CAC among females was lower than among males in all age groups. Using multivariate logistic regression, age, dyslipidaemia, hypertension......, diabetes and smoking were independently predictive of CAC presence in both genders. In addition to a progressive increase in CAC with age, the most important predictors of CAC presence were dyslipidaemia and diabetes (β = 0.64 and 0.63, respectively) in males and diabetes (β = 1.08) followed by smoking (β...

  16. Coronary artery calcification detected in lung cancer screening predicts cardiovascular death

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Thomas; Køber, Lars; Abdulla, Jawdat;

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: It remains unknown whether non-electrocardiogram-gated coronary artery calcium (CAC) score in lung cancer screening provides incremental prognostic value. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of CAC in the Danish Lung Cancer Screening Trial (DLCST), in addition...... to conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis including previously published studies regarding CAC in lung cancer screening. DESIGN: In DLCST, we measured Agatston CAC scores in 1,945 current and former smokers. Causes of death were extracted from the Danish National Death Registry. We used Cox...... proportional hazards model to determine hazard ratios (HRs) of CAC scores. A weighted fixed-effects model was used for the meta-analysis. RESULTS: Median follow-up in DLCST was 7.1 years, and 55% were men. Overall survival rates associated with CAC scores of 0, 1-400, and > 400 were 98%, 96%, and 92% (p

  17. Removal of Ni (II and Cr (VI ions from aqueous solution using by-product from the production of aluminium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Štrkalj

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper comparative adsorption equilibrium studies of Ni (II and Cr (VI ions on commercial activated carbon (CAC and carbon anode dust (CAD are presented. The equilibrium studies confirmed that Freundlich model best describes the adsorption systems CAC + Cr (VI, CAD + Ni (II and CAD + Cr (VI. The Dubinin-Radushevich isotherm can be used to describe system CAC + Ni (II.The results indicate that the intra-particle diffusion model is applicable for adsorption system CAC + Cr (VI and pseudo-second kinetic model is applicable for adsorption systems CAC + Ni (II, CAD + Cr (VI and CAD + Ni (II. Obtained results indicate that adsorption of Ni (II and Cr (VI ions on CAC and CAD depends on the temperature.

  18. Relation of thoracic aortic and aortic valve calcium to coronary artery calcium and risk assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Nathan D; Sciammarella, Maria; Arad, Yadon; Miranda-Peats, Romalisa; Polk, Donna; Hachamovich, Rory; Friedman, John; Hayes, Sean; Daniell, Anthony; Berman, Daniel S

    2003-10-15

    Aortic calcium, aortic valve calcium (AVC), and coronary artery calcium (CAC) have been associated with cardiovascular event risk. We examined the prevalence of thoracic aortic calcium (TAC) and AVC in relation to the presence and extent of CAC, cardiovascular risk factors, and estimated risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). In 2,740 persons without known CHD aged 20 to 79 years, CAC was assessed by electron beam- or multidetector-computed tomography. We determined the prevalence of TAC and AVC in relation to CAC, CHD risk factors, and predicted 10-year risk of CHD. A close correspondence of TAC and AVC was observed with CAC. TAC and AVC increased with age; by the eighth decade of life, the prevalence of TAC was similar to that of CAC (>80%), and 36% of men and 24% of women had AVC. Age, male gender, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were directly related to the likelihood of CAC, TAC, and AVC; higher diastolic blood pressure and cigarette smoking additionally predicted CAC. Body mass index and higher systolic and lower diastolic blood pressures were also related to TAC, and higher body mass index and lower diastolic blood pressure were related to AVC. Calculated risk of CHD increased with the presence of AVC and TAC across levels of CAC. TAC and AVC provided incremental value over CAC in association with the 10-year calculated risk of CHD. If longitudinal studies show an incremental value of aortic and aortic valve calcium over that of CAC for prediction of cardiovascular events, future guidelines for risk assessment incorporating CAC assessment may additionally incorporate the measurement of aortic and/or aortic valve calcium.

  19. CHROMagar Candida as the Sole Primary Medium for Isolation of Yeasts and as a Source Medium for the Rapid-Assimilation-of-Trehalose Test

    OpenAIRE

    Murray, Melissa P.; Zinchuk, Riva; Larone, Davise H.

    2005-01-01

    The chromogenic medium BBL CHROMagar Candida (CAC) was evaluated as a sole primary medium for the isolation of yeasts from clinical specimens in which yeasts are the primary concern. Additionally, the reliability of the rapid-assimilation-of-trehalose (RAT) test in yielding correct results with isolates taken from CAC was assessed. A total of 270 throat, urine, and genital (TUG) specimens were streaked onto CAC, Sabouraud dextrose agar (SDA), inhibitory mold agar (IMA), and Mycosel (MYC). A t...

  20. CHROMagar Candida as the sole primary medium for isolation of yeasts and as a source medium for the rapid-assimilation-of-trehalose test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, Melissa P; Zinchuk, Riva; Larone, Davise H

    2005-03-01

    The chromogenic medium BBL CHROMagar Candida (CAC) was evaluated as a sole primary medium for the isolation of yeasts from clinical specimens in which yeasts are the primary concern. Additionally, the reliability of the rapid-assimilation-of-trehalose (RAT) test in yielding correct results with isolates taken from CAC was assessed. A total of 270 throat, urine, and genital (TUG) specimens were streaked onto CAC, Sabouraud dextrose agar (SDA), inhibitory mold agar (IMA), and Mycosel (MYC). A total of 69 blood culture broths that were smear positive for yeast were streaked onto CAC and SDA. A 1-h RAT test (NCCLS M35-A) was performed simultaneously on isolates from CAC and SDA. A total of 112 TUG specimens yielded yeast colonies (CAC, 111 colonies; IMA, 105; SDA, 103; MYC, 91). The 69 blood culture yeasts grew on both CAC and SDA. Mixed cultures of yeasts were detected on 11 CAC plates but were unrecognized on other media. Colonies suspected of being C. glabrata on 32 CAC plates were all RAT test positive and confirmed to be C. glabrata; of 59 colonies with various characteristics of color and morphology on CAC, none were RAT positive, and all were conventionally identified as yeasts other than C. glabrata (sensitivity and specificity, 100%). The same isolates from SDA tested for RAT produced six false negatives and no false positives (sensitivity, 81%; specificity, 100%). The results show that CAC can be used as the sole primary medium for recovery of yeasts from clinical specimens. Additionally, isolates grown on CAC yield excellent results with the RAT test utilized in this study.

  1. Significance of noncalcified coronary plaque in asymptomatic subjects with low coronary artery calcium score: assessment with coronary computed tomography angiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoo, Dong Hyun; Chun, Eun Ju; Choi, Sang Il; Kim, Jeong A; Jin, Kwang Nam; Yeon, Tae-Jin; Choi, Dong-Ju

    2011-12-01

    We aimed to investigate the prevalence and severity of noncalcified coronary plaques (NCP) using coronary CT angiography (CCTA) and analyze predictors of significant coronary stenosis by NCP in asymptomatic subjects with low coronary artery calcium score (CACS). The institutional review board approved this retrospective study and all patients gave written, informed consent. The presence of plaque, severity of stenosis, plaque characteristics, and CACS were assessed in 7,515 asymptomatic subjects. We evaluated the prevalence and severity of NCP in subjects having low CACS (707 subjects; men with CACS from 1 to 50 and women from 1 to 10) in comparison to those having 0 CACS (6,040 subjects) as the reference standard. Conventional risk factors were assessed for predictors of NCP and significant stenosis by NCP. We also investigated the cardiac events of the patients through medical records. Compared to subjects with 0 CACS, those with low CACS showed higher prevalence of NCP (6.9% vs. 31.5%, P NCP (0.8% vs. 7.5%, P NCP included diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension, and elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol (all P NCP were classified into the low to intermediate risk according to Framingham Risk Score. At the median follow up of 42 months (range: 3-60 months), cardiac events were significantly higher in the low CACS group compared to the 0 CACS group (2.6% vs. 0.27%, P NCP were higher as compared to subjects having zero CACS and predictors of significant stenosis by NCP were DM, hypertension and LDL-Cholesterol. Therefore, CCTA may be useful for risk stratification of coronary artery disease as added value over CACS in selected populations with low CACS who have predictors of significant NCP.

  2. Localization of Microfibrillar-Associated Protein 4 (MFAP4) in Human Tissues

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wulf-Johansson, Helle; Lock Johansson, Sofie; Schlosser, Anders;

    2013-01-01

    myocardial infarction (STEMI), 2: patients with non-STEMI, 3: patients destined for vascular surgery because of various atherosclerotic diseases (stable atherosclerotic disease), 4: apparently healthy individuals with documented coronary artery calcification (CAC-positive), and 5: apparently healthy...... individuals without signs of coronary artery calcification (CAC-negative). Serum MFAP4 levels were significantly lower in patients with stable atherosclerotic disease than CAC-negative individuals (p...

  3. Influence of proton pump inhibitors and histamine H2 receptor antagonists on serum phosphorus level control by calcium carbonate in patients undergoing hemodialysis: a retrospective medical chart review

    OpenAIRE

    Tatsuzawa, Masaomi; Ogawa, Ryuichi; OHKUBO, Atsushi; Shimojima, Kazuyo; Maeda, Kunimi; Echizen, Hirotoshi; Miyazaki, Akihisa

    2016-01-01

    Background Hyperphosphatemia is one of the common complications in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Although calcium carbonate (CaC) is often used to control serum inorganic phosphorus level in dialysis patients, co-administration of gastric acid reducers (ARs) may interfere with the phosphate binding effect of CaC. We performed a retrospective medical chart review to study whether ARs attenuate the hypophosphatemic effect of CaC in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Methods One hundred and e...

  4. KARAKTERISASI KATALIS Pt-Pd/ZEOLIT ALAM REGENERASI PADA REAKSI HIDRODENITROGENASI PIRIDIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dina Asnawati

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan penelitian tentang Karakterisasi Katalis Pt-Pd/Zeolit Alam Regenerasi pada Reaksi Hidrodenitrogenasi Piridin. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mempelajari karakter katalis Pt-Pd/zeolit alam baru, bekas dan hasil regenerasi pada hidrodenitrogenisasi piridin. Katalis Pt-Pd/zeolit alam terdeaktivasi diregenerasi dengan cara dioksidasi dengan gas O2 pada temperatur 350oC selama 2 jam, dan direduksi dengan gas H2 pada temperatur 400oC selama 1 jam. Karakterisasi katalis baru (fresh, terdeaktivasi dan terregenerasi meliputi penentuan luas permukaan, volume pori dan rerata jejari pori dengan alat Gas Sorption Analyzer NOVA-1000 berdasarkan adsorpsi gas N2 serta penentuan keasaman dengan metode adsorpsi gas amoniak. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa deaktivasi katalis menyebabkan penurunan luas permukaan spesifik, volume total pori dan keasaman katalis, sedangkan proses regenerasi pada katalis bekas dengan metode oksidasi dan reduksi meningkatkan luas permukaan spesifik, volume total pori, rerata jejari pori dan keasaman katalis.

  5. Decline of the Aristocratic Democratic System in Shang-Zhou-Qin-Han Dynasty and the Heaven-Human Induction by Dong Zongshu to Promote a Clean Government%商周秦汉贵族民主政体的衰落与董子学说“天人感应”的廉政意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文书

    2012-01-01

    商周实行分权贵族民主政治体制,但从商周开始,贵族民主政体逐渐衰落,向专制主义中央集权演变,到汉武帝时期,随着王国问题的彻底解决,贵族民主政体最终崩溃.董子学说顺应了这一历史潮流,同时力图用“天人感应”理论限制君主权利,并且对后世产生了深远的影响,这正是董子学廉政意义所在.

  6. Investigation of the polymorphism of HPA-1 ~ 5 gene and the platelet transfusion refractoriness Dong ethnic group in Guizhou province, China%贵州省黔东南州侗族献血人群HPA-1~5多态性分析及随机输血不配合率研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨芳; 黄吉娥; 曾小菁; 杨普渝; 丛硕

    2013-01-01

    目的 调查贵州省侗族健康随机献血人群人类血小板抗原(human platelet antigen,HPA)1~5系统基因多态性分布特点.方法 采用聚合酶链-序列特异性引物技术(PCR-SSP)对贵州省无血缘关系侗族随机献血人154例血样进行HPA-1~5系统基因分型.结果 贵州省黔东南州侗族HPA-1a、2a、3a、4a、5a、基因频率分别是0.942、0.741、0.926、0.954、0.773,HPA-1b、2b、3b、4b、5b、基因频率分别是0.058、0.286、0.084、0.045、0.227;经,检验,结果符合Hardy-Weinberg遗传平衡定律.随机输血HPA不配合的发生率依次为:HPA-4:49.11%,HPA-2:32.%,HPA-5:28.94%,HPA-3:14.35%,HPA-1:10.33%.与其他研究比较:贵州省侗族人群HPA-1~5系统基因频率与不同人群相比较:HPA-1与中国汉族、海南黎族、新疆维吾尔族相比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);HPA-2与贵州省黔东南州苗族、中国汉族、新疆柯尔克孜族、海南黎族、西藏藏族、浙江畲族、美国白人相比较均差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);HPA-3、4与贵州省黔东南州苗族、中国汉族、新疆维吾尔族、新疆柯尔克孜族、海南黎族、西藏藏族、浙江畲族、广西瑶族、美国黑人、美国白人相比较差异有统计学意义(P <0.05);HPA-5与贵州省黔东南州苗族、中国汉族、新疆柯尔克孜族、海南黎族、淅江畲族、广西瑶族、美国白人相比较均差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 贵州省侗族献血人群HPA-1~5系统基因具有独特的分布频率和群体结构特点,且不配合率较高,应建立本地区的血小板献血者基因分型数据库.

  7. Clinical Study on Anti-Inflammatory Analgesic Cream(Dong Le Cream) in Treating The Joint Pain Of Rheumatoid Arthritis%消炎止痛膏(东乐膏)外治类风湿关节炎关节疼痛的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘乐; 唐今扬; 李斌; 马芳; 潘峥; 王倩; 寇秋爱

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To prove if the internal medical treatment plus the anti-inflammatory analgesic cream have better effect to alleviate active rheumatoid arthritis joint pain than the single application of internal medical treatment .Methods: The clinical design followed with the principle of randomization , control, repetition and adopted double-blind method.The 72 patients with active RA pain were ran-domly (1∶1) assigned to two groups, the anti-inflammatory analgesic cream group and the placebo group .The primary efficacy endpoint was observed.Results:The effect of the anti-inflammatory group was better than that of the placebo group (P<0.05).Conclusion:The anti-inflammatory analgesic cream can effectively alleviate the joint pain of active period of RA .It has better safety .%目的:内科治疗加用消炎止痛膏,对缓解活动期类风湿关节炎( RA)关节疼痛较单纯内科治疗具有更好的疗效。方法:遵循随机、对照、重复的原则,采用双盲的方法,将72例活动期RA关节疼痛受试者,按1∶1的比例随机分为消炎止痛膏组和安慰剂组,观察主要疗效指标的变化情况。结果:消炎止痛膏组优于安慰剂组( P均<0.05)。结论:消炎止痛膏能够有效地缓解活动期RA关节疼痛,且安全性好。

  8. A servicing example of HF SERIES GENERRATORS COMPACT X-RAY UNIT in WanDong C-3000 big C arm%万东C-3000大C臂HF SERIES GENERRATORS COMPACT X-RAY UNIT维修一例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    木元章

    2005-01-01

    在手术过程中透视时听见一爆破响声,操作者还看见计算机柜有黑烟冒出。高压控制液晶屏提示ERROR 16和ERROR 33以及ERROR 52.操作人员在多次从启后三个错误代码依次出现,机器再也不能透视和曝光。

  9. 水寒地冻不会出现海市吗?--东坡《登州海市》诗误解的澄清(Ⅰ)%Dosen't the Mirage Appear in Autumn and Winter in Penglai?--Clarifg the Misapprehension About Mirage Poem of SU Dong-pe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王鹏飞

    2001-01-01

    利用大气光学原理详细研究了苏东坡诗中所描绘的海市景象及北极瓦罐岛雪山蜃景.从而论证了秋冬时节水寒地冻出现海市的可能性及科学道理,也进一步说明了苏东坡所见海市的真实性.对沿海地区开发旅游资源,拓宽气象服务领域有积极意义.

  10. Dosen't the Mirage Appear in Autumn and Winter in Penglai?——Clarifg the Misapprehension About Mirage of SU Dong-pe%水寒地冻不会出现海市吗?--东坡《登州海市》诗误解的澄清(Ⅱ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王鹏飞

    2001-01-01

    利用大气光学原理详细研究了苏东坡诗中所描绘的海市景象及北极瓦罐岛雪山蜃景.从而论证了秋冬时节水寒地冻出现海市的可能性及科学道理,也进一步说明了苏东坡所见海市的真实性.对沿海地区开发旅游资源,拓宽气象服务领域有积极意义.

  11. Analysis on Present Survey of Shallow Groundwater Resources and Evaluation of Zheng Dong New District in Zhengzhou%郑州市郑东新区浅层地下水资源现状调查及开采潜力分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王帅; 王武涛; 吕小凡

    2015-01-01

    For reasonable development of groundwater resources,to reduce the negative influence of groundwater exploita-tion on the environment,timely and effectively protection of geological and ecological environment,and to realize the sustain-able development and utilization of groundwater resources,the investigation and evaluation of groundwater in Zhengdong new area in Zhenzhou has been carried out. According to the hydrogeological mapping,geophysical prospecting,drilling,testing and other means,the initial identification is shown the survey area spatial distribution,lithology,aquifer thicKness,water rich of aquifer etc. . The Conclusion for the shallow water by the Yellow River side infiltration recharge is obvious,resource re-serves,regulation and storage capacity is strong,is the main mining groundwater zone,the area along the Yellow River can be in the planning and construction of large-scale water source,has the great value of development and utilization.%为合理开发地下水资源,减少开采地下水给环境带来的消极影响,开展有效保护地质和生态环境,实现地下水资源可持续开发利用,郑州市郑东新区开展地下水资源调查评价。通过水文地质测绘、物探、钻探、试验等手段,初步查明调查区内含水层空间分布、岩性、厚度、含水层富水性等。结论认为:浅层水受黄河侧渗补给明显,资源储量大,调蓄能力强,是区内地下水的主要开采层段,在沿黄地区可规划建设大型水源地,具有较大的开发利用价值。确定郑东新区后备水源地位于中牟县东漳———狼城岗一带的黄河滩地区。

  12. From Evil to the Salvation of Soul --The appreciation and of the newly edited Guang dong Hanchu opera Jinlian%从“恶”的嬗变到灵魂的自赎——新编广东汉剧《金莲》赏析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张利珍

    2012-01-01

    The newly edited Jin lian is one of the most important operas after the production of the opera Huang Zunxian, which is based on the great Hakka theme and created by Guangdong Hanchu Opera Theater. The image of Jin lian has been digged out, changed and enriched constantly in this editor, and it has shaped a woman who is totally different from the old type in people' s mind. Besides, it greatly breaks through the women liberation, indi- viduality liberation, and humanity liberation in traditional concept. The Jin lian here has undergone from evil to the salvation of her soul, and she is given a modem character. This opera has new study on traditional Guangdong Han- chu opera, on the form as well as the content; what' s more, it also presents novel a view on the option of the theme and the exploration of the significance. This paper mainly helps us appreciate and analyze the creation of the opera, music, performance and the beautiful design of dance.%新编广东汉剧《金莲》是广东汉剧院继大型客家题材戏《黄遵宪》之后的又一力作。在新编广东汉剧《金莲》中,金莲的形象不断被挖掘,变化、丰富,大大突破了传统意义上的妇女解放、个性解放、人性解放,完完全全塑造了一个与以往不一样的潘金莲,是一个从"恶"的嬗变到灵魂自赎式的潘金莲,赋予潘金莲一种现代品格。该剧对传统广东汉剧从形式到内容都有新的探索,在选材和立意开掘的视角上都体现出求新的高度。本文主要从该剧的剧本创作、音乐创作、表演与舞美三个方面作评析。

  13. 节事旅游市场化运作模式浅探——以东山关帝文化节为例%Festival Matter Traveling Operation Pattern Research——Take the DongShan GuanDi Festival as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    詹芬萍; 骆文伟

    2011-01-01

    我国目前有三种不同节事旅游的运作模式:政府主导、联合承办、联动开发模式;政府引导、社会参与、市场运作模式;市场引导、企业主体、商业运作模式。而市场化运作是国内激烈的节事旅游活动竞争的唯一出路,市场化是产业发展的必然要求,市场化是节事旅游活动品牌化的保障,市场化是节事旅游活动组织过程合理化的需要。以东山关帝文化节为例,东山关帝文化节存在以下问题:关公文化主题不突出,持续性不强;"官办"模式,投入产出效率不高;"贵宾化"倾向,民众参与的积极性不高;缺乏完善的评估体系。针对以上问题采取的对策是:坚持经济与文化一体化;引入竞办机制,完善产业链;建立规范的节事评估体系;活动内容应大众化、艺术化,突出主题。%China currently has three different kinds of festival tourism mode of operation: government leading,the joint undertaking,the linkage development model;government guidance,social participation,the mode of operation of the market;to guide the market,enterprises,business model.While the market is fierce Festival and events tourism competition only outlet,commercializing is the inevitable requirement of the development of the industry,the market is the festival and events tourism brand protection,market is the festival and events tourism organization rationalization process needs.In the Dongshan Culture Festival as an example,the Cultural Festival is put in the following problem: Guan Gong culture theme is not outstanding,persistence is not strong;" official" mode,the input-output efficiency is not high;" VIP " tendency,people to participate in the enthusiasm is not high;the lack of perfect evaluation system.In view of the above problems,the countermeasure is: adhere to the integration of economy and culture;introducing the contest runs mechanism,improve the industrial chain;establish a standard event evaluation system;activities should be popular,artistic,prominent theme.

  14. From City Monsoon to Widely Social Solicitude——Mr.Yang Dong-ping, the Public Intelletual%从《城市季风》到广泛的社会关怀——记社会学、教育学知名专家杨东平

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王慧

    2008-01-01

    本文记述社会学、教育学知名专家杨东平先生的学术、社会活动历程,展示了他从城市文化到环境、教育的研究范围,从人文到社会发展方面广泛的社会关怀;着重评述他1994年出版的一书及2006年修订版的影响和他对京沪两个城市的认识与反思.

  15. Therapeutic Observation on 30 Cor pulmonale Cases with heart failure Treated with Dong-Chong-Xia-Chao%冬虫夏草辅助治疗肺原性心脏病呼吸衰竭30例疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨志彬; 展春; 杜建民; 肖琅

    2002-01-01

    目的:探讨冬虫夏草治疗慢性呼吸衰竭(呼衰)的作用机制.方法:对30例肺原性心脏病(肺心病)呼衰患者在综合治疗的基础上采用冬虫夏草治疗,治疗前后进行血浆氨基酸测定并比较其变化.结果:应用冬虫夏草后除苯丙氨酸外的人体必需氨基酸均增高,患者的支链氨基酸/芳香族氨基酸(BCAA/AAA)比值明显上升.结论:冬虫夏草是通过改变血浆氨基酸,使BCAA/AAA比值上升,而对肺心病呼衰发挥辅助治疗作用.

  16. 纵向关联市场价格传导“放大效应”研究——基于山东省生猪产业链的分析%A Study on the "Amplification Effect" of the Price Transmission in the Vertical Related Market——Based on the Shan Dong Province's pig industry chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵军洁; 刘庆

    2016-01-01

    生猪产业链涵盖多个产业环节以及多个市场主体,关联产品价格的形成和传导极为复杂.本文利用价格传递率这一经济学工具,对生猪产业纵向关联市场价格数据作协整回归,分析价格传导的“放大效应”和“缩小效应”.研究发现:在价格上涨阶段,生猪价格拉动猪肉价格和仔猪价格上升,生猪市场向猪肉市场和仔猪市场传递的价格信号被放大;在生猪产业链相关产品价格整体下跌阶段,猪肉价格拉动生猪和仔猪价格进一步下降,而且生猪价格对猪肉价格也具有较强的向下拉动作用;下游市场向中游市场传递的价格信号被缩小,下游市场向上游市场传递的价格信号被放大.

  17. Tracking Theory Building and Use Trends in Selected LIS Journals: More Research is Needed. A review of: Kim, Sung‐Jin, and Dong Y. Jeong. “An Analysis of the Development and Use of Theory in Library and Information Science Research Articles.” Library & Information Science Research 28.4 (Sept. 2006: 548‐62.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carol Perryman

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective ‐ The authors measure theory incidents occurring in four LIS journals between 1984‐2003 in order to examine their number and quality and to analyze them by topic. A third objective, only identified later in the text of the study, was to compare theory development and use between Korean and international journals. Research questions asked include whether LIS has its own theoretical base as a discipline, and what characteristics the theoretical framework has.Design – Bibliometric study.Setting – Journal issues selected from four LIS journals for the time span from 1984 ‐ 2003.Subjects – Two international journals, Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (JASIST and Library and Information Science Research (LISR were selected based on their high ranking in the Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI impact factors. Two Korean journals, Journal of the Korean Society for Information Management (JKSIM and Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science (JKSLIS were selected.Methods ‐ After having determined a definition of theory, and identifying different levels of theory, the authors set up rules for the identification of theory incidents, which are defined as “events in which the author contributed to the development or the use of theory in his/her own paper” (550. Content analysis of 1661 research articles was performed to measure theory incidents according to working definitions. Interrater reliability was ensured by conducting independent coding for “subfield classification, identification of theory incidents, and quality measurement” (555,using a sample of 199 articles (random selection not specified, achieving 94‐97% interrater reliability. Incidents, once identified, were evaluated for quality using Dubin’s “efficiency of law” criteria, involving measures of relatedness, directionality, co‐variation, rate of change, and “profundity,” defined as the depth to which theory is incorporated into the research study.Main Results ‐ 21.79% (n=362 of the articles contained theory incidents that were analyzed and evaluated. Trend measurement indicated an overall increase, although a slight decrease was shown in the year range 1993‐2003. International journals accounted for 61.33% of theory incidents, compared to 38.67% for the Korean journals. T‐testing showed that differences in means between Korean and international journals were not statistically significant. Topical theory areas were ranked by frequency. The top five areas were shown to be nearly identical between Korean and international journals. ANOVA was performed with significant results in the difference between efficiency ratings. Conclusion – The authors find that the overall proportion of theory incidents including both theory development and use increased through the 20‐year time span examined, and that LIS has established its own theoretical framework based upon the frequency of incidents.

  18. Control rod cluster drop time anomaly Guandong nuclear power station (Daya bay) and Electricite de France nuclear power stations (1450 MWe N4 Series); Anomalie de temps de chute des grappes de controle centrale de guang dong (daya bay) et centrales d`electricite de France (Palier N4-1450 MWE)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Olivera, J.J.; Naury, S.; Tricot, N.; Tran Dai, P.; Gama, J.M.

    1996-12-31

    The anomaly of control rod cluster drop time revealed at Guandong Nuclear Power Station in Daya Bay and in the Chooz B1 pilot unit for the N4 series, led to the replacement of the M1 type control rod cluster guide tubes with 1300 MWe PWR type guide tubes, adapted to the geometry of the Guandong reactors and the 1450 MWe reactors of the N4 series. The comparison of the drop times obtained with the 1300 MWe type control rod cluster guide 1300 MWe type control rod cluster guide tubes gave satisfactory results. These met the safety criterion for N4 series control rod cluster drop times (2.15 under hot shutdown conditions). The drop time tests which will be carried out in middle of and at the end of cycle 1 of Chooz B1 should make it possible to finally validate the solution already successfully implemented at Guandong. However, this anomaly has revealed the limits of representativeness of the experimental test loops with regard to the real reactor configuration. In view of this, it has been deemed necessary to ask Electricite de France to pursue its analysis both on the understanding of the phenomena which led to this anomaly and on the limits of the representativeness of the experimental test loops. (authors).

  19. 组织文化构建过程中的女企业家领导力特征研究——以董明珠的创新型组织文化构建为例%Research on Leadership Characteristics of Women Entrepreneurs in Organizational Culture Construction——A Case Study of Innovative Organizational Culture Construction about Dong Mingzhu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵毅; 朱晓雯

    2016-01-01

    随着女性领导者的崛起,有关女性领导力的讨论和研究逐渐成为热点.以往相关研究与讨论的结果基本都认为女性领导力与男性领导力存在差异,这一差异使得女性领导者在男性占主导地位建立起来的领导力文化中长期处于劣势地位.女性为了降低领导活动中来自性别偏见认知的阻碍,而表现出的领导力特征值得深入探讨和研究.本文以中国著名女企业家董明珠在格力的创新型组织文化构建过程为例,通过分析发现了其在组织文化构建过程中,并没陷入性别偏见认知的固有思维泥沼中,而是在组织文化构建的不同阶段中,展现出了动态变化的领导力特征.这些领导力特征既包括了组织文化构建初期以现实为导向的独断专行、坚定信心的现实导向型特征;也包括了组织文化构建中期的民主参与、情感关怀的关系导向型特征;最后,还包括危机处理时展现的远见卓识力、个人魅力以及环境变化过程中的变革性与包容性特征.

  20. County recycling evaluation index system of logistics and empirical research——Dong xing for example%县域循环型物流评价指标体系构建与实证研究——以东兴市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦毓军; 胡宝清; 何坚娟

    2011-01-01

    Relying on the advantage to build county-based logistics industry,how to implement the concept of circular economy development in the logistics channel to reduce the waste of resources and ecological destruction,is the sustainable development of the logistics industry in the county should consider.County to build a recycling-based logistics development evaluation system to AHP method and individual indicators for each sub-empowerment,using the theory of fuzzy comprehensive evaluation of the county of Guangxi Dongxing,for example the development of recycling-based logistics industry to evaluate the level,the current draw Dongxing level of development of recycling-based logistics industry is still the general conclusion,the logistics industry to loop-based paradigm shift long way to go.%依托区位优势打造物流产业为主的县,如何将循环经济发展理念贯彻在物流通道中,以减少资源浪费以及生态环境破坏,是县域物流业可持续发展值得考虑的问题。构建一套县域循环型物流发展评价指标体系,以AHP法为各子系统及单项指标赋权,运用模糊综合评价理论对广西东兴为例的县域循环型物流业发展水平进行评价,得出东兴当前循环型物流业发展水平尚属一般的结论,物流业向循环型模式转变任重道远。

  1. Marching into the Jing-gang Mountains: Mao Ze-dong's Successful Example in Combining Marxism with China's Revolutionary Practice%进军井冈山:毛泽东把马克思主义与中国革命实际相结合的成功范例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁增华

    1994-01-01

    @@ 马思克主义的一个最基本原则,就是把马克思主义与各国革命和建设实际相结合.井冈山斗争是毛泽东把马克思主义与中国革命实际相结合的光辉典范,是毛泽东在土地革命战争初期把马克思主义与中国革命实际成功相结合的最早开始.

  2. Research on reservoirs characteristics of 8th member of YanAN formation,NingDong 3 well field,MaHuangShan area,Ordos basin%鄂尔多斯盆地麻黄山地区宁东3井区延8段储层特征研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴(山交)岐; 张哨楠; 丁晓琪

    2008-01-01

    本文针对鄂尔多斯盆地麻黄山地区宁东3井区的勘探开发前景,为寻找有利储层,从130个岩石薄片的分析鉴定入手,对休罗系延安组延8段的沉积特征、岩石学特征、储层物性特征及储集空间类型进行研究,认为井区为一套三角洲平原水下分流河道沉积,岩性以岩屑长石砂岩夹长石石英砂岩为主,并偶夹有长石岩屑砂岩及长石砂岩.孔隙类型以粒间孔隙为主,但常被高岭石集合体充填.孔隙度平均值约14.12%,渗透率平均值约80×10-3μm3.通过对沉积微相、成岩相与储层之间关系的分析,认为它们对储层发育还是有利的.

  3. Analysis of clinical characteristics and prognosis of 72 Herpes Zoster among HIV/AIDS patients in Xinjian g Yang Tongtong, Dong Yujie, Ainiwaer, Li Hong, Zhang Yu, Song Yuxia, Lu Xiaobo%艾滋病合并带状疱疹72例患者临床及预后分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨彤彤; 董玉洁; 艾尼瓦尔; 李弘; 张玉; 宋玉霞; 鲁晓擘

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical features, treatment effect and prognosis of Herpes Zoster( HZ) among patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome ( AIDS) .Methods Clinical data of 72 AIDS-HZ patients in our hospital were retrospectively reviewed, then the data including clinical characteristics, laboratory examination, treatment and the prognosis of patients were statistically analyzed. Results Our study showed that the majority of these patients were male ( 65.28%) and Uyghur (79.17%), with a mean age of 37.22 ±8.26 years.39(54.17%) patients have a history of intravenous drug using (IDUs).The rash was common seen in the trunk (68.06%) and limbs (26.39%), two or more than two were seen in 12 patients (16.67%).21(29.17%) were combined by skin infections and 67 patients (93.06%) complained with pain.Forty seven(65.28%) patients had a lower CD4 +T lymphocyte counts (<350 cells/μl).The cure rate was 75%(54/72) and the effective rate was 100%after standard treatment ( including antiretroviral therapy, drugs and analgesia therapy) .Conclusions HIV/AIDS-HZ is common in male Uygur patients in Xinjiang.More than half of the cases are IDUs and have a lower CD4 count ( <350 cells/μl ) .Herpes zoster may occurred as a manifestation of immune reconstitution after HAART.However, most of patients with HIV/AIDS-HZ case had a good prognosis after standard treatment.%目的:分析艾滋病合并带状疱疹患者的临床特征、治疗效果及预后。方法采用回顾性研究的方法,对新疆维吾尔自治区第六人民医院收治的72例艾滋病合并带状疱疹患者的临床表现、实验室检查、治疗及转归进行总结分析。结果患者以男性(65.28%)、维吾尔族(79.17%)为主,平均年龄37.22±8.26岁,有静脉吸毒史者39例(54.17%)。皮疹发生部位以躯干(68.06%)和四肢(26.39%)较常见,16.67%发生在2个及以上部位。21例(29.17%)合并疱疹部位皮肤感染,67例(93.06%)合并局部疼痛。47例(65.28%) CD4+T淋巴细胞计数<350个/μl。经给予标准治疗(抗病毒、营养神经、止痛)后痊愈率为75%(54/72),疱疹治疗有效率100%。结论新疆艾滋病合并带状疱疹以男性维吾尔族常见,半数以上有静脉注射吸毒行为,多见于CD4+T淋巴细胞计数低于<350个/μl者。接受HAART者可在免疫功能重建的过程中出现带状疱疹。艾滋病合并带状疱疹患者经标准治疗后整体预后良好。

  4. Landscape and Spatial Structure Of Dong Ethnic Group Traditional Village---A Case Study on Gaoding Sanjiang%侗族传统村落地景与空间结构研究--以广西三江高定侗寨为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈容娟

    2015-01-01

    The multiple landscapes contain “a door , a bridge , a temple , a forest , two stockades , a double creeks , three tracks , seven floors and seven wells” in Dongzhai Gaoding ,which constructs an unique multilevel and multidimensional spatial structure .On the one hand , the village gate , wind-rain bridge , streams and stone paths and other landscapes separate the Human world and Non-human world , which makes people and ghosts stay in their places;On the other hand , flying mountain temples and camphor forests as gods walled places to reside with the male form corresponding to the male world and the spirit world . Finally , the isolation of the village gate , camphor forests and wind-rain bridges , the differentiation of floors , the integration of stone roads all have made the villages spatial structure of Gaoding form a triple concentric structure like kaleidoscope .%高定侗寨“一门一桥一庙一林双寨双溪三径七楼七井”的多重地景构建了独特的多层次多维度的空间结构。一方面,寨门、风雨桥、小溪和石径等地景将阴界和阳界进行分离,让人和鬼各居其所、秩序分明;另一方面,飞山庙和樟树林作为神灵的居住场所与阳寨形成阳界与神界的对应。最后,寨门、樟树林和风雨桥的分隔、鼓楼的分化和石径的融合使得高定侗寨的村落空间结构形成一个万花筒状的三重同心圆结构。

  5. 体外模型中3种光固化树脂充填体边缘微渗漏实验研究%Experiment on Gingival Marginal Microleakage of Three Kinds of Composite Restorations in Artificial Model. DONG

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董世涛

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the degree of marginal microleakage of three kinds of composites in vitro model.Methods: Thirty-six premolars neck cavities were randomly assigned to 3 experimerimental groups in vitro, 12 of each. Class V cavities were prepared on labial side of each tooth. Composite Valur Plus, liquid nanocomposite resin Z350 and resin composite Esthet XTM were used respectively to each group, with twelve cavities for every kind of composite. After thermal cycling(x600,4-60℃), the teeth were immersed in 1% basic fuchsin dye for 24hours at room temperature. All teeth were cut labial- lingual direction and the penetration of dye along the wall of cavities were observed under stereoscopic microscope. Results: Restorative nanoleucite composite resins Z350 is a lesser microleakage material. Significant differences were observed between nanoleucite composite resins Z350 and other two materials(P<0.01) . No statistically significant differences in microleakage were noted between other two groups.Conclusion: Liquid nanocomposite resin Z350 is a better clinical material for filling the buccal neck carity.%目的:比较3种光固化充填材料在体外模型中充填体边缘的微渗漏程度.方法:在36颗离体的前磨牙颊侧颈部备洞.随机分为3组,每组12颗牙.分别充填3M 前后牙通用树脂Valux Plus、流动性纳米复合树脂Z350、登士柏 Esthet.XTM复合树脂.样本经温度循环,采用10 g/L碱性品红染色后,颊舌向沿长轴连续切开,在体式显微镜下观察修复体与牙体洞壁间染料渗漏情况.结果:3种材料中流动性纳米复合树脂Z350微渗漏最小.前后牙通用树脂Valux Plus微渗漏最大.流动性纳米复合树脂Z350与其他两组相比有显著性差异(P<0.01).结论:流动性纳米复合树脂Z350是临床上充填颊侧颈部窝洞的较好材料.

  6. Sorcery Dance Described in “Wan Qiu”and “Dong Men Zhi Fen”and the Origin of Sorcery%《宛丘》、《东门之枌》中的巫舞和陈地巫风探源

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    过文英

    2002-01-01

    中、二诗,描写了陈国东门、宛丘一地歌舞娱神的情形,反映了陈国崇信巫鬼的社会风尚.这种尚巫之风,既是其本族文化传统的延续,又与胡公被封"使祀虞帝"及陈夫人好巫有关,在很大程度上,也是南楚巫风渗透的结果.

  7. 三联书店版、董乐山译《西行漫记》——Red Star over China汉译史上的经典译本%Xixingmanji Translated by Dong Leshan——A Classic Chinese Version of Red Star over China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阳鲲

    2015-01-01

    美国人埃德加·斯诺在1936年作为第一个西方记者,进入陕北苏区采访,写作了Red Star over China(《红星照耀中国》).这部由外国人写作的关于中国红区的英文作品“墙外开花墙内香”,英文的《红星照耀中国》借由中文的《西行漫记》等译本在中国产生了极大的震撼与巨大的影响,众多中译本,绵延流传,这些译作可以说具有可与原作相媲美的历史意义,其中1979年三联书店出版、董乐山翻译的《西行漫记》凭借“天时地利人和”,成为了《红星》汉译史上的经典译本.

  8. Research on the Application of Core Strength Training in the Jump Events of the Track and Field Team in Shan-dong University of Science and Technology%山东科技大学校田径队跳跃项目核心力量训练应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱元明; 时洪举

    2015-01-01

    运动员的初级、中级训练阶段,教练员在进行力量训练时容易忽视核心力量训练,从而导致了许多跳跃项目运动员在协同肌与对抗肌的协调配合过程中,肌肉紧张与放松交替机制不顺畅;在跳远、三级跳远练习中,垂直轴上的肌肉紧张度不够,身体结构的稳定性不好,矢状面上的重心轨迹直线性不好,影响了成绩的提高。核心力量训练能够提高跳远、三级跳远的速度利用率,保证三级跳远三跳轨迹的直线性,最终提高跳远、三级跳远成绩。%In primary and secondary stages of training, athletes are prone to the ignorance of core strength training when imple-menting strength training, leading to many jump athletes' sluggish alternation of muscle tension and relaxation in the coordination between cooperative muscle and antagonistic muscle; in the ex-ercises of long jump and triple jump, the muscle tension on the vertical axis is not enough, and the stability of their body struc-ture is not good, and the linearity of the track of center of gravity on the vertical plane is not good, thus affecting the improvement of performance. Core strength training can improve the speed uti-lization ratio in long jump and triple jump, and ensure the linear-ity of the three jumps in triple jump, thereby improving the per-formance of long jump and triple jump.

  9. 中越边境民族地区社会和谐发展制约因素及其对策探析——以麻栗坡县猛硐乡为例%Constraints on the Harmonious Development of the Sino-Vietnam Border Ethnic Areas and Countermeasures: A Case Study of Meng-Dong Town of Malipo County

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李锦发

    2012-01-01

    中越边境民族地区的和谐发展存在诸多制约因素,诸如边贸互市规模小、新农村建设推进困难、经济落后、教育落后等等。改变这种面貌,需要多方面、多层次的支持与帮助。%There are many constraints on the harmonious development of the Sino-Vietnam border ethnic areas, such as small-scale cross-border market, difficulties in pushing forward new countryside construction, and economic and educational backwardness. Multi-perspective and multi-level supports and helps are needed in Change current state.

  10. 现代性语境中的情欲想象--从小说«乌鸦»到梨园戏«董生与李氏»%Passion Imagination on Context of Modernity:From Crow to Dong Sheng and Ms Li

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阮礼义

    2014-01-01

    The Liyuan Opera Don g Shen g and Ms Li ,recomposed from the fiction Crow,shared the same plot and composition,but because of the different media and genres,they expressed the multi-di-mension spectacles on its cultural field.On the horizon of modernity,the thesis compares with the ex-pressions of themes,the descriptions of heroes,and the models of narrations.As a result,the thesis expresses the differences of literary values and aesthetic tastes on the same by the two contemporary writers.%梨园戏«董生与李氏»改编自短篇小说«乌鸦»,尽管二者情节相仿、构思相似,但是由于体裁分殊、媒介有别,缘此两个文本在各自“文化场域”中呈现出各得其所、相映成趣的繁复景观。在现代性视域下,对«董生与李氏»及«乌鸦»的主题表达、人物刻画和叙事手法等方面进行了比较,以此探寻两位当代作家在同类题材创作上展示出的不同的文学价值和审美趣味。

  11. 中国传统音乐及其研究的现状和几点建议——在庆祝董维松教授80华诞学术研讨会上的发言%Traditional Chinese Music, Research Situation and Several Suggestions --Speech at Symposium in Celebration of the 80th Birthday of Professor Dong Weisong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜亚雄

    2011-01-01

    改革开放以来,随着我国城市化步伐的加快,中国传统音乐中的许多品种出现了流行地域城市化、演出目的商业化、活动性质世俗化、表演曲目流行化和形式内容西方化等多方面的转变。传统音乐调研队伍中则出现了方法安乐椅化、队伍学府化、内容去音乐化和目的功利化等倾向。我们应面对客观情况,更新研究方法,克服不良倾向,跟上时代步伐。为此,笔者提出采用居住体验法、开展城市民族音乐学研究、建立应用民族音乐学和加强对音乐问题的研究等四项建议。%Since the reform and opening up, many kinds of the traditional Chinese music have gone through a series of changes along with the accelerated pace of urbanization, including urbanization of poplar areas, commercialization of performance objectives, secularization of activities, popularization of the repertoire as well as westernization of forms and contents. Studies on traditional music have also witnessed several trends such as the adoption of easy methods, institutionalization of scholars, stripping of musical contents and utilitarianism of research goals. In the face of these circumstances, we should update research methods, resist undesirable tendencies and keep in step with the times. Therefore, the author puts forward four pieces of suggestions: conducting field work in local areas where the researcher lives, carry ing out studies on urban ethnomusicology, establishing the subject of applied ethnomusicology and strengthening the research on musical issues.

  12. Beyond Passwords: Usage and Policy Transformation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-01

    CAC card authentication, I can access the Outlook Web Access ( OWA ) only through my work PC, and that really defeats the mobility purpose of OWA access...o “Please push activation of CAC/PIN login for OWA access” o “There has been no determination as to who can and will receive CAC readers; so most...of the population has been locked out” o “I’m a Squadron CC and I can’t get OWA at home because I don’t have a CAC reader at home and the AF hasn’t

  13. Analysis of the citric acid cycle intermediates using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kombu, Rajan S; Brunengraber, Henri; Puchowicz, Michelle A

    2011-01-01

    Researchers view analysis of the citric acid cycle (CAC) intermediates as a metabolomic approach to identifying unexpected correlations between apparently related and unrelated pathways of metabolism. Relationships of the CAC intermediates, as measured by their concentrations and relative ratios, offer useful information to understanding interrelationships between the CAC and metabolic pathways under various physiological and pathological conditions. This chapter presents a relatively simple method that is sensitive for simultaneously measuring concentrations of CAC intermediates (relative and absolute) and other related intermediates of energy metabolism using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.

  14. Osteoprotegerin Serum Level is Associated with Severity of Coronary Artery Calcification in Non Diabetic Centrally Obese Men

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trilis Yulianti

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Osteoprotegerin (OPG is produced by a variety of tissues including those of the cardiovascular system. Recent clinical studies have suggested a significant correlation between elevated OPG serum level and cardiovascular mortality. Since coronary artery calcification (CAC is positively associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD events, we carried out a study to investigate whether OPG serum level is associated with the severity of CAC in non diabetic centrally obese men. METHODS: A cross sectional study was done on seventy non diabetic centrally obese men. CAC score was determined by using dual source computed tomography (DSCT. OPG serum level was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA method. Statistical analysis was done with SPSS for windows ver 16. ANOVA was performed to analyze mean, maximum, minimum value, and standard deviation. Spearman correlation test was performed to determine the correlation between OPG serum level and CAC score. Significance value was defined as alpha level=0.05 based on two-tailed tests. RESULTS: OPG serum level was significantly correlated with CAC score. The severity of CAC increased with the increase of OPG level. Age was significantly correlated with OPG serum level and CAC score. CONCLUSIONS: Our data show that serum OPG level was associated with the severity of CAC, which highlights that OPG could be involved in the progression of CAC in non diabetic obese men. KEYWORDS: obesity, vascular calcification, osteoprotegerin, coronary artery calcification.

  15. 76 FR 65710 - Decision and Order Amending Waivers Granted to Mitsubishi Electric & Electronics USA, Inc. From...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-24

    ... Electric & Electronics USA, Inc. From the Department of Energy Commercial Package Air Conditioner and Heat... Matter of: Mitsubishi Electric & Electronics USA, Inc. (Mitsubishi) (Case No. CAC-037). Background...

  16. PERSAMAAN DROP SIZE DI DALAM KOLOM BERPENGADUK CAKRAM (RDC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martunus Martunus

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Perpindahan massa dari satu fase cair ke fase cair lainnya di dalam kolom ekstraksi cair-cair ditentukan dengan luas perpindahan antara kedua fase. Luas perpindahan ini dapat dinyatakan dengan drop size yang merupakan faktor yang sangat penting dalam perancangan kolom ekstraksi cair-cair berpengaduk (Rotating Disc Contactor, RDC. Tiga model yang berhubungan dengan drop size dikembangkan untuk variabel operasi kolom yang didasarkan pada kecepatan putaran yaitu yaitu model untuk ekstraksi tanpa pengadukan atau pengadukan dengan putaran sangat rendah, model dengan kecepatan pengadukan medium, dan model pengadukan dengan putaran tinggi. Artikel ini berisi pembahasan persamaan drop size yang sudah dipublikasikan menyangkut ketiga kondisi operasi tersebut.

  17. Corona SDK hotshot

    CERN Document Server

    Flanagan, Nevin

    2013-01-01

    Using a project based approach you will learn the coolest aspects of Corona SDK development. Each project contains step bystep explanations, diagrams, screenshots, and downloadable materials.This book is for users who already have completed at least one simple app using Corona and are familiar with mobile development using another platform and have done Lua programming in another context. Knowledge of the basic functions of Corona routines, as well as an understanding of the Lua programming language's syntax and common libraries, is assumed throughout.

  18. Automatic detection of cardiovascular risk in CT attenuation correction maps in Rb-82 PET/CTs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Išgum, Ivana; de Vos, Bob D.; Wolterink, Jelmer M.; Dey, Damini; Berman, Daniel S.; Rubeaux, Mathieu; Leiner, Tim; Slomka, Piotr J.

    2016-03-01

    CT attenuation correction (CTAC) images acquired with PET/CT visualize coronary artery calcium (CAC) and enable CAC quantification. CAC scores acquired with CTAC have been suggested as a marker of cardiovascular disease (CVD). In this work, an algorithm previously developed for automatic CAC scoring in dedicated cardiac CT was applied to automatic CAC detection in CTAC. The study included 134 consecutive patients undergoing 82-Rb PET/CT. Low-dose rest CTAC scans were acquired (100 kV, 11 mAs, 1.4mm×1.4mm×3mm voxel size). An experienced observer defined the reference standard with the clinically used intensity level threshold for calcium identification (130 HU). Five scans were removed from analysis due to artifacts. The algorithm extracted potential CAC by intensity-based thresholding and 3D connected component labeling. Each candidate was described by location, size, shape and intensity features. An ensemble of extremely randomized decision trees was used to identify CAC. The data set was randomly divided into training and test sets. Automatically identified CAC was quantified using volume and Agatston scores. In 33 test scans, the system detected on average 469mm3/730mm3 (64%) of CAC with 36mm3 false positive volume per scan. The intraclass correlation coefficient for volume scores was 0.84. Each patient was assigned to one of four CVD risk categories based on the Agatston score (0-10, 11-100, 101-400, Cohen's linearly weighted κ0.82). Automatic detection of CVD risk based on CAC scoring in rest CTAC images is feasible. This may enable large scale studies evaluating clinical value of CAC scoring in CTAC data.

  19. CDK-associated Cullin 1 promotes cell proliferation with activation of ERK1/2 in human lung cancer A549 cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Tian Jun [Respiratory Department, The First Affiliated Hospital, Xi’an Jiaotong University College of Medicine, Xi’an 710061 (China); Gao, Fei [Hua-shan Central Hospital of Xi’an, Xi’an 710043 (China); Yang, Tian; Thakur, Asmitanand; Ren, Hui; Li, Yang; Zhang, Shuo; Wang, Ting [Respiratory Department, The First Affiliated Hospital, Xi’an Jiaotong University College of Medicine, Xi’an 710061 (China); Chen, Ming Wei, E-mail: xjtucmw@163.com [Respiratory Department, The First Affiliated Hospital, Xi’an Jiaotong University College of Medicine, Xi’an 710061 (China)

    2013-07-19

    Highlights: •CDK-associated Cullin 1 (CAC1) expression increases in human lung carcinoma. •CAC1 promotes the proliferation of lung cancer A549 cells. •CAC1 promotes human lung cancer A549 cell proliferation with activation of ERK1/2. -- Abstract: Lung cancer is one of the most common causes of cancer-related death in the world, but the mechanisms remain unknown. In this study, we investigated the expression of CDK-associated Cullin 1 (CAC1) in lung cancer, the effect of CAC1 on the proliferation of human lung cancer A549 cells, and the activation of signaling pathways of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). Results showed that CAC1 expression was higher levels in human lung carcinoma than normal lung tissue, and CAC1 siRNA reduced the proliferation of lung cancer A549 cells by decreasing cell activity and cell division in vitro. The proportion of cells treated with CAC1 siRNA increased in the G1 phase and decreased in the S and G2/M phase, indicative of G1 cell cycle arrest. Furthermore, the proportions of early/late apoptosis in lung cancer A549 cells were enhanced with CAC1 siRNA treatment. It was also found that activation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) and p38 signaling pathways were involved in the proliferation of A549 cells. After CAC1 siRNA treatment, p-ERK1/2 levels decreased, and meanwhile p-p38 level increased, A549 cell proliferation increased when ERK1/2 signaling is activated by PMA. Our findings demonstrated that CAC1 promoted the proliferation of human lung cancer A549 cells with activation of ERK1/2 signaling pathways, suggesting a potential cure target for treatment of human lung cancer.

  20. Bone biomarkers help grading severity of coronary calcifications in non dialysis chronic kidney disease patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marion Morena

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Osteoprotegerin (OPG and fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23 are recognized as strong risk factors of vascular calcifications in non dialysis chronic kidney disease (ND-CKD patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between FGF23, OPG, and coronary artery calcifications (CAC in this population and to attempt identification of the most powerful biomarker of CAC: FGF23? OPG? METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: 195 ND-CKD patients (112 males/83 females, 70.8 [27.4-94.6] years were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. All underwent chest multidetector computed tomography for CAC scoring. Vascular risk markers including FGF23 and OPG were measured. Logistic regression analyses were used to study the potential relationships between CAC and these markers. The fully adjusted-univariate analysis clearly showed high OPG (≥10.71 pmol/L as the only variable significantly associated with moderate CAC ([100-400[ (OR = 2.73 [1.03;7.26]; p = 0.04. Such association failed to persist for CAC scoring higher than 400. Indeed, severe CAC was only associated with high phosphate fractional excretion (FEPO(4 (≥38.71% (OR = 5.47 [1.76;17.0]; p = 0.003 and high FGF23 (≥173.30 RU/mL (OR = 5.40 [1.91;15.3]; p = 0.002. In addition, the risk to present severe CAC when FGF23 level was high was not significantly different when OPG was normal or high. Conversely, the risk to present moderate CAC when OPG level was high was not significantly different when FGF23 was normal or high. CONCLUSIONS: Our results strongly suggest that OPG is associated to moderate CAC while FGF23 rather represents a biomarker of severe CAC in ND-CKD patients.

  1. Circulating angiogenic cell dysfunction in patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liana Zucco

    Full Text Available Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT is an autosomal dominant vascular disorder. Circulating angiogenic cells (CACs play an important role in vascular repair and regeneration. This study was designed to examine the function of CACs derived from patients with HHT. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNCs isolated from patients with HHT and age- and gender-matched healthy volunteers were assessed for expression of CD34, CD133 and VEGF receptor 2 by flow cytometry. PBMNCs were cultured to procure early outgrowth CACs. Development of endothelial cell (EC phenotype in CACs was analyzed by fluorescence microscopy. CAC apoptosis was assayed with Annexin V staining, and CAC migration assessed by a modified Boyden chamber assay. mRNA expression of endoglin (ENG, activin receptor-like kinase-1 (ACVLR1 or ALK1 and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS in CACs was measured by real time RT-PCR. The percentage of CD34+ cells in PBMNCs from HHT patients was significantly higher than in PBMNCs of healthy controls. CACs derived from patients with HHT not only showed a significant reduction in EC-selective surface markers following 7-day culture, but also a significant increase in the rate of basal apoptosis and blunted migration in response to vascular endothelial growth factor and stromal cell-derived factor-1. CACs from HHT patients expressed significantly lower levels of ENG, ALK1 and eNOS mRNAs. In conclusion, CACs from patients with HHT exhibited various functional impairments, suggesting a reduced regenerative capacity of CACs to repair the vascular lesions seen in HHT patients.

  2. Correlation between serum parathyroid hormone levels and coronary artery calcification in patients without renal failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Gang-Yong; Xu, Bai-Da; Wu, Ting; Wang, Xiao-Ying; Wang, Tian-Xiao; Zhang, Xiao; Wang, Xiao; Xia, Yang; Zong, Gang-Jun

    2016-11-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the correlation between serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels and coronary artery calcification (CAC) in patients without renal failure, as well as to determine independent risk factors of CAC score (CACS). A total of 157 patients who underwent coronary computed tomography angiographic examination at the 101th Hospital of the People's Liberation Army between December 2013 and February 2015 were retrospectively evaluated. The correlation between PTH levels and CACS was determined using a Pearson correlation analysis. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to determine the best cutoff PTH level for prediction of CAC. The independent association between serum PTH levels and CAC was analyzed by using a logistic regression analysis model with the response variable Be binary class. The results revealed that PTH levels in patients in the CAC group were significantly higher than those of patients in the non-calcification group. PTH levels were positively correlated with CACS (r=0.288, PCAC, with a sensitivity of 80.88%, specificity of 60.67% and an area under the curve of 0.761. After including predictive factors for CAC (gender, age, smoking status, diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, body mass index, glomerular filtration rate and calcium, phosphorus, calcium-phosphorus product, magnesium, PTH, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and C-reactive protein levels), the odds ratio of the serum PTH levels regarding the prediction of CAC was 1.050 (95% confidence interval, 1.027-1.074; PCAC in patients without renal failure and may thus be used as a reliable predictor of CAC.

  3. 谷崎潤一郎文学の韓国における受容(II) : 谷崎の「刺青」「春琴抄」と金東仁の「狂畫師」の女人像をめぐって

    OpenAIRE

    吉, 美顯

    2000-01-01

    In this paper I try to compare the images of women in Tanizaki's works "Shisei" and "Shunkinsho" and Dong In's "Kyogashi" and to clarify some influences of the Japanese writer on the Korean writer. In his early period, Dong In described his heroines just as women of the age really were. After he read Tanizaki's "Shunkinsho", however, his heroines began to assume absolute ethereal beauty. Tanizaki often chooses devilish women as his heroines in order to present an image of power in woman. Dong...

  4. Microbial Reduction of Structural Fe3+ in Nontronite by a Thermophilic Bacterium and its Role in Promoting the Smectite to Illite Reaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    pressure, it tends to transform to illite (Dong and Peacor 1996; Dong et al. 1997 ; Dong 2005). The resultant illite is fundamentally different from...bacterium isolated from the deep subsurface of the Piceance Basin, Colorado (Liu et al. 1997 ; Roh et al. 2002). CCSD_DF2450_M 168_isoIate 1 was enriched...This fraction was pH dependent. At pH 6.2. aque - ous concentration of Fe2* reached up 9.5% of total Fe2* by 11 days, and then decreased to 4.1% by

  5. Blood flow dependence of the intratumoral distribution of peripheral benzodiazepine receptor binding in intact mouse fibrosarcoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amitani, Misato [Radiochemistry Section, Department of Molecular Probes, Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan) and Course of Allied Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan)]. E-mail: amitani@sahs.med.osaka-u.ac.jp; Zhang, Ming-Rong [Radiochemistry Section, Department of Molecular Probes, Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Noguchi, Junko [Radiochemistry Section, Department of Molecular Probes, Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); SHI Accelerator Service, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 141-8686 (Japan); Kumata, Katsushi [Radiochemistry Section, Department of Molecular Probes, Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Ito, Takehito [Radiochemistry Section, Department of Molecular Probes, Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); SHI Accelerator Service, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 141-8686 (Japan); Takai, Nobuhiko [Radiochemistry Section, Department of Molecular Probes, Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Suzuki, Kazutoshi [Radiochemistry Section, Department of Molecular Probes, Molecular Imaging Center, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Hosoi, Rie [Course of Allied Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Inoue, Osamu [Course of Allied Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan)

    2006-11-15

    The intratumoral distribution of [{sup 11}C]AC-5216 binding, a novel peripheral benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) ligand, was examined by autoradiography both in vitro and in vivo using a murine fibrosarcoma model. The regional distribution of [{sup 11}C]AC-5216 in a tumor in vivo was significantly heterogeneous; the uptake of [{sup 11}C]AC-5216 was comparatively higher in the outer rim of the tumor and was lower in the central area. In contrast, the images obtained following the injection of [{sup 11}C]AC-5216 with a large amount of nonlabeled PK11195 showed a relatively homogeneous distribution, suggesting that [{sup 11}C]AC-5216 uptake represented specific binding to PBRs. In vitro autoradiograms of [{sup 11}C]AC-5216 binding were also obtained using the section of the fibrosarcoma that was the same as that used to examine in vivo binding. In vitro autoradiographic binding images showed homogeneous distribution, and significant discrepancies of the intratumoral distribution of [{sup 11}C]AC-5216 were observed between in vivo and in vitro images. The in vivo images of [{sup 11}C]AC-5216 uptake, compared with those of [{sup 14}C]iodoantipyrine uptake, obtained by dual autoradiography to evaluate the influence of blood flow revealed the similar intratumoral distributions of both tracers. These results indicate that the delivery process from the plasma to the tumor might be the rate-limiting step for the intratumoral distribution of PBR binding in vivo in a fibrosarcoma model.

  6. Strategies for Data-Informed Labor Market Responsiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heiland, Linda; Brown, William

    2008-01-01

    Central Arizona College (CAC) has leveraged EMSI to design the most effective regional strategies for academic/economic prediction analysis. Accessing current and reliable data on occupations, skills requirements, and demographics, CAC can extract, analyze, and present this data to academic programs, advisory boards, economic development councils,…

  7. Comparing coronary artery calcium and thoracic aorta calcium for prediction of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events on low-dose non-gated computed tomography in a high-risk population of heavy smokers.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jacobs, P.C.; Prokop, M.; Graaf, Y. van der; Gondrie, M.J.; Janssen, K.J.; Koning, H.J. de; Isgum, I.; Klaveren, R.J.J. van; Oudkerk, M.; Ginneken, B. van; Mali, W.P.Th.

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Coronary artery calcium (CAC) and thoracic aorta calcium (TAC) can be detected simultaneously on low-dose, non-gated computed tomography (CT) scans. CAC has been shown to predict cardiovascular (CVD) and coronary (CHD) events. A comparable association between TAC and CVD events has yet t

  8. Comparing coronary artery calcium and thoracic aorta calcium for prediction of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events on low-dose non-gated computed tomography in a high-risk population of heavy smokers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jacobs, Peter C.; Prokop, Mathias; van der Graaf, Yolanda; Gondrie, Martijn J.; Janssen, Kristel J.; de Koning, Harry J.; Isgum, Ivana; van Klaveren, Rob J.; Oudkerk, Matthijs; van Ginneken, Bram; Mali, Willem P.

    2010-01-01

    Background: Coronary artery calcium (CAC) and thoracic aorta calcium (TAC) can be detected simultaneously on low-dose, non-gated computed tomography (CT) scans. CAC has been shown to predict cardiovascular (CVD) and coronary (CHD) events. A comparable association between TAC and CVD events has yet t

  9. Identification of a novel HLA-B allele, B*56:31, by sequence-based typing in a Lithuanian individual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jakubauskas, A; Vilkeviciene, R; Juskevicius, D; Griskevicius, L

    2011-03-01

    A novel allele HLA-B*56:31 differs from HLA-B*56:18 by three nucleotide substitutions resulting in a missense mutation Tyr171His (TAC to CAC) encoded in exon 3 and two silent substitutions at codon 188His (CAC to CAT) and codon 228Thr (ACT to ACC) encoded in exon 4.

  10. Lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase is not a biomarker of atherosclerotic manifestations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hosbond, Susanne E; Diederichsen, Axel C P; Pedersen, Lise

    2014-01-01

    gender- and age-matched groups were studied: (i) no previous cardiovascular disease (CVD) and no coronary calcifications [CAC-negative group], (ii) no previous CVD but evidence of severe coronary calcifications [CAC-positive group], (iii) acute coronary syndrome [ACS-group], and (iv) clinical stable...

  11. Coronary artery calcification scoring in low-dose ungated CT screening for lung cancer: interscan agreement.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jacobs, P.C.; Isgum, I.; Gondrie, M.J.; Mali, W.P.Th.; Ginneken, B. van; Prokop, M.; Graaf, Y. van der

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: In previous studies detection of coronary artery calcification (CAC) with low-dose ungated MDCT performed for lung cancer screening has been compared with detection with cardiac CT. We evaluated the interscan agreement of CAC scores from two consecutive low-dose ungated MDCT examinations.

  12. Coronary Artery Calcification Scoring in Low-Dose Ungated CT Screening for Lung Cancer : Interscan Agreement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jacobs, Peter C. A.; Isgum, Ivana; Gondrie, Martijn J. A.; Mali, Willem P. Th. M.; van Ginneken, Bram; Prokop, Mathias; van der Graaf, Yolanda

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVE. In previous studies detection of coronary artery calcification (CAC) with low-dose ungated MDCT performed for lung cancer screening has been compared with detection with cardiac CT. We evaluated the interscan agreement of CAC scores from two consecutive low-dose ungated MDCT examinations.

  13. 77 FR 30993 - Codex Alimentarius Commission: Meeting of the Codex Alimentarius Commission

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-24

    ... Food Safety and Inspection Service Codex Alimentarius Commission: Meeting of the Codex Alimentarius... that will be discussed at the 35th Session of the Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC), which will be... CAC Contact: Barbara McNiff, U.S. Codex Office, 1400 Independence Avenue SW., Room 4861,...

  14. Correlates and Impact of Coronary Artery Calcifications in Women Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Drug-Eluting Stents

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Giustino, Gennaro; Mastoris, Ioannis; Baber, Usman;

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical correlates and prognostic impact of coronary artery calcification (CAC) in women undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with drug-eluting stents (DES). BACKGROUND: The clinical correlates and the prognostic significance of CAC...

  15. Coronary calcification with no flow limiting lesions: A potential cause for ischaemic dysfunction in syndrome X patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabetta Palmerini

    2015-12-01

    Conclusion: In symptomatic patients with no obstructive coronary lesions and with more than mild CAC, long axis disturbances and wall motion score index rise occur with stress, at the time of symptom development and correlate with severity of arterial calcification. These findings suggest CAC as a potential mechanism for coronary wall stiffness and consequently exertional ischaemic changes as a result of limited flow reserve.

  16. Vitamin K Supplementation and the Progression of Coronary Artery Calcium in Older Men and Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coronary artery calcium (CAC) is an independent predictor of cardiovascular disease. A preventive role for vitamin K in CAC progression has been proposed based on the properties of matrix Gla protein (MGP) as a vitamin K-dependent calcification inhibitor. The objective of this study was to determine...

  17. Compressed Aeronautical Chart Processing Operator’s Manual

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    the processing thread A4A denotes a CAC ODI build for an (A) aeronautical chart at the (4) operational navigation chart (ONC) (1:1M) scale with...builds when both charts are at the same scale. For example, the processing thread A4A denotes a CAC ODI build for an (A) aeronautical chart at the (4

  18. Solidification/stabilization of toxic metals in calcium aluminate cement matrices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Navarro-Blasco, I.; Duran, A.; Sirera, R.; Fernández, J.M.; Alvarez, J.I., E-mail: jalvarez@unav.es

    2013-09-15

    Highlights: • Reliable encapsulation and effective sorption of Pb, Zn and Cu on CAC was proved. • Cu and Pb were fully retained in the CAC mortar, while Zn was retained in 99.99%. •A maximum sorption capacity ca. 60 mg/g CAC was attained for Cu. • Three different PSD patterns were established as a function of XRD phase assemblage. • Some metal-loaded mortars achieved suitable mechanical strengths for landfilling. -- Abstract: The ability of calcium aluminate cement (CAC) to encapsulate toxic metals (Pb, Zn and Cu) was assessed under two curing conditions. Changes in the consistency and in the setting time were found upon the addition of the nitrates of the target metals. Both Pb and Cu caused a delay in CAC hydration, while Zn accelerated the stiffening of the mortar. Compressive strengths of the metal-doped mortars, when initially cured at 60 °C/100% RH, were comparable with that of the free-metal mortar. Three different pore size distribution patterns were identified and related to the compounds identified by XRD and SEM. Sorbent capacities of CAC for the toxic metals were excellent: a total uptake was achieved for up to 3 wt.% loading of the three metals. In this way, CAC mortars were perfectly able to encapsulate the toxic metals, allowing the use of CAC for waste management as proved by the leaching tests.

  19. 75 FR 28771 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; FAR Case 2009-027, Personal Identity Verification of Contractor...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-24

    ...: 9000-AL60 Federal Acquisition Regulation; FAR Case 2009-027, Personal Identity Verification of..., company name (if any), and ``FAR Case 2009-027'' on your attached document. Fax: 202-501-4067. Mail... over contractor CACs. A CAC is the DoD term for a Personal Identity Verification (PIV) card. A PIV...

  20. Does coronary calcium scoring with a SCORE better predict significant coronary artery stenosis than without? Correlation with computed tomography coronary angiography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Durhan, Gamze; Hazirolan, Tuncay; Karcaaltincaba, Musturay; Akata, Deniz [Hacettepe University Medical School, Department of Radiology, Ankara (Turkey); Sunman, Hamza; Aytemir, Kudret [Hacettepe University Medical School, Department of Cardiology, Ankara (Turkey); Karakaya, Jale; Karaagaoglu, Ergun [Hacettepe University, Department of Biostatistics, Ankara (Turkey)

    2014-12-03

    To determine effectiveness of coronary artery calcium score (CACS) alone and combined with Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) in adult patients for significant coronary artery stenosis by using computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) as reference standard. Two thousand twenty-one patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) underwent CACS test and CTCA. Patients were examined with dual-source CT and were grouped according to their age, gender, CACS, and estimated SCORE risk. Coronary plaque existence and degree of stenosis were assessed with CTCA. Sensitivity, specificity, and ROC curves were analyzed. CACS was the single independent variable in estimating relative risk of critical stenosis and had superior outcome when compared with SCORE risk in logistic regression and ROC curve. Area under the ROC curve was greatest in the interval between 50-59 years. When SCORE was combined with CACS in patients with zero CACS, percentage of significant stenosis increased from 1.4% to 7.0% in patients with high or very high SCORE risk, and decreased to 0.9 % in patients with low or moderate SCORE risk. CACS combination with SCORE risk predicts coronary artery stenosis. When CACS is zero, CTCA can be performed in patients with high or very high SCORE risk. (orig.)