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Sample records for cac dong lua

  1. Dong quai

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... reduces chest pain, improves heart function, and increases exercise tolerance in people with heart disease. Stroke. Early research suggests that injecting 200 mL of solution containing dong quai intravenously (by IV) for 20 days does not improve brain function in people who had a stroke due to ...

  2. LÖVE for Lua game programming

    CERN Document Server

    Mishra, Brij Bhushan

    2013-01-01

    This book follows a tutorial approach with examples and step-by-step instructions to help explain the key concepts of the LÖVE framework as well as everything you need to know about game development using the Lua programming language.LÖVE2d for Lua Game Programming is for anyone who is interested in learning about desktop game development.

  3. Colorful Dong Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    Among all the nationalities of China, the Dong group enjoys one of the best reputations for architecture.Since ancient times, a saying has been popular with the Dong: "The drum tower is built before the village."With the drum tower as an important landmark, some villages even have three or four. They look magnificent. Their unique style is regarded as a masterpiece of the architectural arts, absorbing the essence of traditional pavilions and towers and breaking through the staid, conventional form of drum towers.The corridor-style bridge, also typical of the Dong, is built over green waters.The wooden bridge, with no use for nails, can provide shelter against the wind and rain and usually a serene view.The Dong also enjoy singing. At the 1986 Paris International Art Festival, the Dong chorus, with their unique singing style and melodious rhymes, caused a sensation in international musical circles.Their soulful singing is said to be the most important discovery in Chinese music history and a miracle of w

  4. Lua(Jit) for computing accelerator beam physics

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2016-01-01

    As mentioned in the 2nd developers meeting, I would like to open the debate with a special presentation on another language - Lua, and a tremendous technology - LuaJit. Lua is much less known at CERN, but it is very simple, much smaller than Python and its JIT is extremely performant. The language is a dynamic scripting language easy to learn and easy to embedded in applications. I will show how we use it in HPC for accelerator beam physics as a replacement for C, C++, Fortran and Python, with some benchmarks versus Python, PyPy4 and C/C++.

  5. DingDong App

    OpenAIRE

    Langreo i Puiggrós, Glòria

    2013-01-01

    DingDong App és una aplicació per a iPad feta amb la finalitat que els nens i nenes es familiaritzin amb certes freqüències sonores, corresponents a una octava musical bàsica. L'aplicació està basada en els principis d'educació de la doctora Maria Montessori i del professor Edgar Willems, amb els quals la informació i el coneixement s'adquireixen mitjançant la pròpia experiència del joc.

  6. A New CAC Method Using Queuing Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Kvackaj

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The CAC (Connection Admission Control method plays an important role in the ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode network environment. The CAC is the first step in the prevention of congested states in the network topology, and conducts to the optimal network resources utilization. The paper is aimed to propose an enhancement for a convolution method that is one of the statistical CAC methods used in ATM. The convolution method uses a buffer-less assumption in the estimation of the cell loss. Using formulas for the G/M/1 queuing system, the cell loss can be estimated as the buffer overflow probability. In this paper, the proposed CAC method is compared with other three statistical CAC methods, and conclusions regarding the exploitation of the CAC method are presented.

  7. Isolation and characterization of higher metallofullerenes Ca@C92 and Ca@C94

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Yuliang Che; Hua Yang; Hongxiao Jin; Chunxin Lu; Ziyang Liu

    2009-05-01

    We report for the first time isolation of Ca@C92 and Ca@C94 by multi-stage highperformance liquid chromatography technique without recycling equipment. It is notable that higher metallofullerenes containing alkaline earth metal ions could be isolated although their relative yields are extremely low. Ca@C92 and Ca@C94 are also confirmed by LD-TOF mass spectrometry and characterrized by UV-Vis-NIR absorption measurements.

  8. Dong Yi: A Professional Amateur

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XiaoMeng

    2005-01-01

    In January, 2005, CCTV Music Channel broadcast Dong Yi's solo zheng concert. Music critics said her interpretation of this traditional Chinese pluck instrument is so poetic and passionate that listeners can naturally feel her heart and feminine softness.

  9. CAC Algorithm Based on Fuzzy Logic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ľubomír DOBOŠ

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Quality of Service (QoS represent one ofmajor parameters that describe mobile wirelesscommunication systems. Thanks growing popularity ofmobile communication in last years, there is anincreasing expansion of connection admission controlschemes (CAC that plays important role in QoSdelivering in terms of connection blocking probability,connection dropping probability, data loss rate andsignal quality.With expansion of services provided by the mobilenetworks growing the requirements to QoS andtogether growing requirements to CAC schemes.Therefore, still more sophisticated CAC schemes arerequired to guarantee the QoS. This paper containsshort introduction into division of connectionadmission control schemes and presents thresholdoriented CAC scheme with fuzzy logic used foradaptation of the threshold value.

  10. Consolidated Audit And Compliance System (CACS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — Consolidated Audit and Compliance System: is an audit findings management and reporting system. CACS is an implementation of the Agency Secure Image and Storage...

  11. Pressure-induced structural transformation of CaC2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lu; Huang, Xiaoli; Li, Da; Huang, Yanping; Bao, Kuo; Li, Fangfei; Wu, Gang; Liu, Bingbing; Cui, Tian

    2016-05-01

    The high pressure structural changes of calcium carbide CaC2 have been investigated with Raman spectroscopy and synchrotron X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques in a diamond anvil cell at room temperature. At ambient conditions, two forms of CaC2 co-exist. Above 4.9 GPa, monoclinic CaC2-ii diminished indicating the structural phase transition from CaC2-ii to CaC2-i. At about 7.0 GPa, both XRD patterns and Raman spectra confirmed that CaC2-i transforms into a metallic Cmcm structure which contains polymeric carbon chains. Along with the phase transition, the isolated C2 dumbbells are polymerized into zigzag chains resulting in a large volume collapse with 22.4%. Above 30.0 GPa, the XRD patterns of CaC2 become featureless and remain featureless upon decompression, suggesting an irreversible amorphization of CaC2.

  12. A study of the ground states of CaC2H+2,CaC2D+2 and CaC2H+4

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The geometries, vibrational frequencies and bind energies are reported for the ground states of CaC2H+2, CaC2D+2 and CaC2H+4. CaC2H+2 and CaC2H+4 equilibrium geometries have C2v symmetry with the metal ion lying in the perpendicular bisector of the C-C bond. The ground state in both CaC2H+2 and CaC2H+4 molecules ia a 2A1 state and the binding in the ground state is mainly electrostatic. For both CaC2H+2 and CaC2H+4 the ligand is only slightly distorted from its free ligand structure, the C-C distance has hardly increased and there is only a very small bending of the H atom away from the Ca atom. This is consistent with the electrostatic nature of the bonding. Two different approaches-Hartree-Fock(HF) and density functional theory methods(DFT)-are used and basis sets here used is 6-311+G(3df,2p). The DFT results are in good agreement with experiments, namely, DFT methods provide the benefits that some more expensive ab initio methods can do, but at essentially HF cost. So it is important to include electron correlation for accurate results in this study.

  13. Salget af aktier i DONG

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bechmann, Ken L.; Møller, Michael; Nielsen, Niels Christian

    2014-01-01

    Salget af en del af aktierne i DONG Energy har trukket store overskrifter den seneste tid i både ind- og udland og har haft betydelige politiske konsekvenser. Denne artikel behandler mange af de argumenter, der har været fremført for og imod salget. Samlet konkluderer artiklen, at debatten om sal...... salget til Goldman Sachs har været præget af misforståelser og forkerte argumenter. Omvendt er det også svært at se formålet med, at staten skal sælge på så komplicerede vilkår i stedet for selv at indskyde den manglende egenkapital....

  14. PENGARUH GOOD CORPORATE GOVERNANCE TERHADAP LUAS PENGUNGKAPAN INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Iskandarsjah Zulkarnaen

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Pengungkapan Intellectual Capital merupakan pengungkapan unsur neraca berdasar pada item berbasis ilmu pengetahuan yang dimiliki perusahaan dan menghasilkan manfaat pada masa depan perusahaan. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah perusahaan publik yang terdaftar dalam indeks LQ 45 di BEI, dengan populasi yang berjumlah 45 perusahaan. Pemilihan sampel menggunakan purposive sampling dengan hasil sampel berjumlah 37 perusahaan. Berdasar pada hasil penelitian, maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa tidak terdapat pengaruh baik secara simultan maupun secara parsial antara komisaris independen, direksi independen dan komite audit terhadap luas pengungkapan Intellectual Capital. Intellectual Capital disclosure is a disclosure of elements in the balance sheet based on the science-based items owned by a company.It generates benefits for the company’s future.The population in this study is 45 public companies listed on the Stock Exchange LQ 45 index. In selecting the sample, purposive sampling is used; and it results 37 companies. Based on the study done, it can be concluded that there are not any simultaneous and partial influences between independent commissioner, independent director and audit committee to the disclosure of Intellectual Capital

  15. Markov Model Based CAC algorithms for Cellular Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PATLEVIČ Peter

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we investigate using ofthe Hidden Markov Model philosophy for solvingconnection admission control (CAC problem incellular networks. For more effective bandwidthutilization and Quality of Service (QoS support itis necessary to solve the connection admissioncontrol with respect to minimizing blockingprobability of handoff and newly arrivedconnections. This paper looks into an thresholdoriented CAC scheme for operation with twoclasses of connections with a Markov model usedfor computation of the threshold value based oncurrent conditions in the network and so makesthe operation of the mobile network cell moreeffectively. In article we extrapolate Markov chainmodel based CAC for three classes of connectionsand sketch how to generalize problem for n classesof connections.

  16. Microwave losses of bulk CaC 6

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cifariello, G.; Di Gennaro, E.; Lamura, G.; Andreone, A.; Emery, N.; Hérold, C.; Marêché, J. F.; Lagrange, P.

    2007-09-01

    We report a study of the temperature dependence of the surface resistance RS in the graphite intercalated compound (GIC) CaC6, where superconductivity at 11.5 K was recently discovered. Experiments are carried out using a copper dielectrically loaded cavity operating at 7 GHz in a "hot finger" configuration. Bulk CaC6 samples have been synthesized from highly oriented pyrolytic graphite. Microwave data allow to extract unique information on the quasiparticle density and on the nature of pairing in superconductors. The analysis of RS(T) confirms our recent experimental findings that CaC6 behaves as a weakly-coupled, fully gapped, superconductor.

  17. Propojení knihovny pro zpracování obrazu s jazykem Lua

    OpenAIRE

    Prymus, Jiří

    2012-01-01

    Předmětem této diplomové práce je seznámení se s knihovnou OpenCV a s jejím přemostěním do skriptovacího jazyka Lua. Prvá část práce popisuje kurz počítačového vidění MPOV a základní matematické aparáty používané v tomto kurzu. Dále následuje popis knihovny OpenCV a její využití ve výše zmíněném kurzu. Třetí část se věnuje stručnému popisu programovacího skriptovacího jazyka Lua. Praktická část se zabývá přemostěním knihovny OpenCV do jazyka Lua pomocí Lua C API, vývoji podpůrných programů pr...

  18. DongBa Dance——Mixture of cultures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵春娟

    2014-01-01

    Dong Ba Dance is a kind of ancient dance that created by Naxi people living in the Southwest of China and recorded by their own hieroglyph.During the development, it adopted parts of Tibetan, Indian and Egyptian cultures.So, as the mixture of cultures, Dong Ba Dance is marching into the world and causing a great attention.The ancient Dong Ba Dance will get a new life in the world.

  19. DongBa Dance--Mixture of cultures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵春娟

    2014-01-01

    DongBa Dance is a kind of ancient dance that created by Naxi people living in the Southwest of China and recorded by their own hieroglyph.During the development, it adopted parts of Tibetan, Indian and Egyptian cultures.So, as the mixture of cultures, DongBa Dance is marching into the world and causing a great attention.The ancient DongBa Dance will get a new life in the world.

  20. Performance evaluation of two CAC algorithms in ATM networks

    OpenAIRE

    Chaves, Niudomar Siqueira de Araújo; Motoyama, Shusaburo

    2000-01-01

    This paper presents a performance study of two CAC (Connection Admission Control) algorithms. Both algorithms are based on effective bandwidth concept. The results were obtained through simulation. The analysis showed that the required QoS is achieved by the two algorithms, however, they overestimate the necessary bandwidth resulting in lower network resource utilization

  1. Did the LUA Directive increase competition and decrease prices in the market for non-prescription pharmaceuticals?

    OpenAIRE

    Rahmani, Sulaiman

    2015-01-01

    LUA Directive was introduced for first time in Norway in 2003 to provide better availability and lower prices for non-prescription pharmaceuticals. The main idea behind implementing such a directive was to increase the competition in the non-pharmaceutical market by letting other retail outlets than the pharmacies to provide non-prescription pharmaceuticals. Based on results from a price investigation by The Norwegian Medicines Agency in 2010, LUA Directive was not very successful to slow dow...

  2. FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI LUAS PENGUNGKAPAN WAJIB LAPORAN KEUANGAN PADA KPRI DI KUDUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subkhan -

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini adalah apakah likuiditas, profitabilitas dan size mempengaruhi pengungkapan laporan keuangan KPRI. Populasi dalam penelitian ini yaitu KPRI di Kabupaten Kudus yang berjumlah 45 KPRI. Dengan teknik purposive sampling diperoleh sampel 25.Variabel penelitian terdiri dari likuiditas, profitabilitas, size dan luas pengungkapan. Data yang digunakan berupa data sekunder yang diambil dengan teknik dokumentasi. Analisis data menggunakan regresi linier berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tingkat pengungkapan laporan keuangan masih tergolong kurang lengkap. Secara simultan likuiditas, profitabilitas, dan size mempengaruhi pengungkapan wajib. Secara parsial likuiditas tidak mempengaruhi luas pengungkapan wajib dikarenakan tingkat likuiditas KPRI yang over liquid sedangkan profitabilitas dan size mempengaruhi luas pengungkapan wajib. The problem in this study is whether liquidity, profitability and size influence the disclosure of KPRI financial report. The population in this study was forty five KPRI in Kabupaten Kudus. Then, purposive sampling technique was used for obtaining 45 KPRI. The variables for this study are liquidity, profitability, size and to what extent the financial statement is disclosed. The data used were secondary data taken by using technical documentation. The data is analyzed by using multiple linear regression. The result shows that the disclosure of financial statements have not ben enough completed yet Simultaneously, liquidity, profitability, and size affect the mandatory disclosure. Partially, liquidity does not have much influnce on the mandatory disclosure. It is due to an over-liquid KPRI. Meanwhile, profitability and size affect the mandatory disclosure.

  3. Ethnobotany of dye plants in Dong communities of China

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Yujing; Ahmed, Selena; Liu, Bo; Guo, Zhiyong; Huang, Weijuan; Wu, Xianjin; Li, Shenghua; Zhou, Jiangju; Lei, Qiyi; Long, Chunlin

    2014-01-01

    Background Dyes derived from plants have an extensive history of use for coloring food and clothing in Dong communities and other indigenous areas in the uplands of China. In addition to use as coloring agents, Dong communities have historically utilized dye plants for their value for enhancing the nutritive, medicinal and preservative properties of foods. However, the persistence of plant-derived dyes and associated cultural practices and traditional knowledge is threatened with rapid socio-...

  4. Pro Android Python with SL4A Writing Android Native Apps Using Python, Lua, and Beanshell

    CERN Document Server

    Ferrill, Paul

    2011-01-01

    Pro Android Python with SL4A is for programmers and hobbyists who want to write apps for Android devices without having to learn Java first. Paul Ferrill leads you from installing the Scripting Layer for Android (SL4A) to writing small scripts, to more complicated and interesting projects, and finally to uploading and packaging your programs to an Android device. Android runs scripts in many scripting languages, but Python, Lua, and Beanshell are particularly popular. Most programmers know more than one programming language, so that they have the best tool for whatever task they want to accomp

  5. Superfluid density of bulk CaC 6

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamura, G.; Aurino, M.; Cifariello, G.; Di Gennaro, E.; Andreone, A.; Emery, N.; Hérold, C.; Marêché, J.-F.; Lagrange, P.

    2007-09-01

    The recent discovery of superconductivity at 11.5 K in the graphite intercalation compound (GIC) CaC6 has opened new perspectives in the physics of graphite. One of the main open questions for superconducting GICs is related to the nature of the pairing mechanism, since the possibility of an unconventional, excitonic or plasmonic, origin of superconductivity has also been invoked as an alternative to a simple electron-phonon interaction. To better understand the origin of pairing mechanism in these compounds, a first step is to determine the symmetry of the superconducting gap function and the nature of the elementary excitations. To this aim, we have performed the first high-resolution measurement of the in-plane magnetic penetration depth, λab(T), in a c-axis oriented polycrystalline CaC6 bulk sample using a high-resolution mutual inductance technique. A clear exponential behavior of λab(T) has been observed at low temperatures, strongly suggesting isotropic s-wave pairing. Data fit using the standard BCS theory yields λab(0) = (720 ± 80) Å and Δ(0) = (1.79 ± 0.08) meV. The ratio 2Δ(0)/kBTC = (3.6 ± 0.2) gives therefore indication for a conventional weakly coupled superconductor. By using these results as fixed parameters, a BCS calculation on the superfluid density in the overall temperature range shows that the sample under test lies in the local dirty limit.

  6. Soil Moisture Mapping in an Arid Area Using a Land Unit Area (LUA Sampling Approach and Geostatistical Interpolation Techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeid Gharechelou

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Soil moisture (SM plays a key role in many environmental processes and has a high spatial and temporal variability. Collecting sample SM data through field surveys (e.g., for validation of remote sensing-derived products can be very expensive and time consuming if a study area is large, and producing accurate SM maps from the sample point data is a difficult task as well. In this study, geospatial processing techniques are used to combine several geo-environmental layers relevant to SM (soil, geology, rainfall, land cover, etc. into a land unit area (LUA map, which delineates regions with relatively homogeneous geological/geomorphological, land use/land cover, and climate characteristics. This LUA map is used to guide the collection of sample SM data in the field, and the field data is finally spatially interpolated to create a wall-to-wall map of SM in the study area (Garmsar, Iran. The main goal of this research is to create a SM map in an arid area, using a land unit area (LUA approach to obtain the most appropriate sample locations for collecting SM field data. Several environmental GIS layers, which have an impact on SM, were combined to generate a LUA map, and then field surveying was done in each class of the LUA map. A SM map was produced based on LUA, remote sensing data indexes, and spatial interpolation of the field survey sample data. The several interpolation methods (inverse distance weighting, kriging, and co-kriging were evaluated for generating SM maps from the sample data. The produced maps were compared to each other and validated using ground truth data. The results show that the LUA approach is a reasonable method to create the homogenous field to introduce a representative sample for field soil surveying. The geostatistical SM map achieved adequate accuracy; however, trend analysis and distribution of the soil sample point locations within the LUA types should be further investigated to achieve even better results. Co

  7. On Volatility Swaps for Stock Market Forecast: Application Example CAC 40 French Index

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halim Zeghdoudi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the pricing of variance and volatility swaps under Heston model (1993. To this end, we apply this model to the empirical financial data: CAC 40 French Index. More precisely, we make an application example for stock market forecast: CAC 40 French Index to price swap on the volatility using GARCH(1,1 model.

  8. Research and Implementation of Interaction Between VB and Lua%VB与Lua交互调用的研究与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄皓

    2015-01-01

    VB and Lua are commonly used programming language, in order to take the advantage of VB and Lua and develop application fast, effi-ciently and flexibly, analyses the interactive mode between C and Lua, then presents a method for VB to call Lua, finally discusses about packaging the interface into a COM object, which hides detail information and simplifies the interface, and supports more programming languages to use Lua. Practice has proved that the method of VB interacting with Lua is effective, easy to use.%VB和Lua都是常用的编程语言,为了结合利用VB和Lua各自的优点,快速、高效、灵活地进行应用程序开发,通过对C与Lua之间交互模式的研究分析, 提出VB与Lua交互调用的方法, 并进一步将VB调用Lua的接口封装为COM组件,以隐藏细节信息和简化调用接口,可支持更多其他编程语言如ASP、VBS等调用Lua. 实践证明,这种VB与Lua的交互调用方式是有效的、易于使用的.

  9. Spreading of energy in the Ding-Dong Model

    OpenAIRE

    Roy, S.; Pikovsky, A.

    2011-01-01

    We study properties of energy spreading in a lattice of elastically colliding harmonic oscillators (Ding-Dong model). We demonstrate that in the regular lattice the spreading from a localized initial state is mediated by compactons and chaotic breathers. In a disordered lattice the compactons do not exist, and the spreading eventually stops, resulting in a finite configuration with a few chaotic spots.

  10. Documentiras y fricções. O lado escuro da lua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Lucía Vélez

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Opération Lune, documentário fake de William Karel, é o que se pode caracterizar como uma farsa sobre uma farsa. O documentário busca provar que a viagem dos americanos à Lua em 1969 (ou pelo menos a sua transmissão direta pela televisão foi uma mentira, mas ele próprio também é uma mentira. Em psicanálise, costuma-se dizer que quando alguém mente sobre uma mentira, acaba dizendo a verdade. A verdade que Karel formula é simples: não se pode crer em tudo o que a mídia diz ou mostra, pois há sempre inumeráveis maneiras de manipular a informação, editando as entrevistas reais, forjando falsas entrevistas, alterando ou renomeando materiais de arquivo, com falsas legendas ou dublagens sobre registros históricos, reinterpretando as imagens e os sons através da narração over, e assim por diante. O mock-documentary de Karel, sem abrir mão da dúvida sobre a veracidade das imagens da Lua, é também uma denúncia do modo de funcionamento do sistema midiático. Seu objetivo maior é refletir sobre o próprio documentário televisivo, através de uma apropriação dos códigos, modelos e discursos desse gênero audiovisual, seja para questionar sua objetividade e a veracidade que este supõe encerrar, seja para demonstrar ao espectador a facilidade com que se pode manipular a informação em televisão, ou ainda para propor uma utilização subversiva do documentário, como formato para a criação de um imaginativo trabalho de ficção, à maneira do War of the Worlds (1938, célebre programa radiofônico de Orson Welles. Palavras-chave: documentário; transmissão ao vivo; viagem à Lua; manipulação de informação; falsificação Abstract Documentalies and frictions. The dark side of the moon – Opération Lune, William Karel's fake documentary, is what can be called a farce about a farce. The documentary attempts to prove that the Americans' voyage to the Moon in 1969 (or at least its direct television transmission

  11. NOVEL MULTIMEDIA TRAFFIC MODELING BASED CAC SCHEME FOR CDMA COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Dandan; Fang Xuming; Zhu Longjie

    2007-01-01

    As the radio spectrum is a very scarce resource, the Call Admission Control (CAC) is one of the most important parts in radio resource management. The Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA)based next generation wireless communications systems will support the transmission of multimedia traffic, such as voice, video and data, thus the CAC, which can support the multimedia traffic and guarantee the Quality of Service (QoS) of different traffic, has gained broad attention. In this paper, a novel multimedia traffic modeling method and a corresponding dynamic QoS based CAC are proposed.The analysis and simulation results show that the proposed CAC scheme can guarantee the QoS to different traffic demand, and improve the system performance significantly.

  12. Laboratory Detection and Pure Rotational Spectrum of the CaC Radical (X3Σ-)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halfen, D. T.; Apponi, A. J.; Ziurys, L. M.

    2002-09-01

    The calcium carbide radical, CaC, has been observed in the laboratory for the first time using millimeter/submillimeter direct absorption spectroscopy. The species was created in the gas phase by the reaction of calcium vapor and methane under extreme DC discharge conditions. Eleven rotational transitions of CaC in its X3Σ- ground state were recorded in the frequency range 247-536 GHz. Each transition of CaC was found to consist of triplets due to fine-structure interactions that indicate that the ground state is 3Σ-, as opposed to 5Σ-, both of which have been suggested by theory. The data were analyzed in a Hund's case (b) basis, and rotational, spin-spin, and spin-rotation constants have been accurately determined. CaC may be detectable in circumstellar envelopes of asymptotic giant branch stars, in particular those that are carbon-rich.

  13. On Local CAC Schemes for Scalability of High-speed Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Aracil

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Next generation networks are required to provide bandwidth on-demand for sessions with fine-time granularity. In this sense, centralized CAC (Connection Admission Control approaches could suffer from scalability problems if the number of requests for connections is excessive. In this paper we investigate local CAC schemes where the admission decisions are performed at the network edges, based on precalculated admission quotas.

  14. Transferências orbitais dentro do modelo quase bicircular no sistema Terra-Lua-Sol

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corrêa, A. A.; de Almeida Prado, A. F. B.; Stuchi, T. J.; Beaugé, C.

    2003-08-01

    O problema quase bicircular planar consiste na determinação da dinâmica de um corpo, de massa desprezível, que se move sob o campo gravitacional de três corpos. No caso estudado, o quarto corpo é considerado um satélite artificial e os demais são a Terra, a Lua e o Sol, formando o sistema de três corpos. Este modelo permite a construção de uma hamiltoniana similar a do problema restrito de três corpos (PRTC), incluindo termos periódicos não autônomos, provenientes da presença do Sol, portanto pode ser entendido como uma perturbação ao PRTC. Suas órbitas periódicas aparecem isoladas e possuem o mesmo período solar. Os pontos de equilíbrio colineares possuem o mesmo caráter de estabilidade linear dos pontos lagrangianos (L1, L2 e L3) do PRTC, sendo do tipo sela x centro x centro, instável na direção x e estáveis nas direções y e z. As órbitas periódicas tridimensionais ao redor do ponto colinear é chamada órbita Halo. O objetivo deste trabalho é determinar órbitas de transferências de baixo consumo de combustível para um veículo espacial partindo de uma órbita de estacionamento ao redor da Terra em direção a uma órbita Halo do ponto L1, situado entre a Terra e Lua. Esta tarefa pode ser transformada no problema de valor de contorno: dado um ponto inicial na órbita de estacionamento, um ponto final na órbita halo e o tempo de transferência, deseja-se obter a trajetória que liga estes dois pontos e que minimize os incrementos de velocidade do veículo. Essas transferências são realizadas baseadas no método de Lambert e analisadas de modo a fornecer um baixo consumo. Posteriormente, é feita uma comparação de consumo com as órbitas de transferência equivalentes do PRTC.

  15. Effect of CaC2 particulates concentration on microstructure and tensile properties of elemental magnesium

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    CaC2 particulates reinforced magnesium materials were synthesized using a new technique--electromagnetic suspension casting(ESC).The microstructure and composition of magnesium alloys were investigated and the mechanical properties of alloys were tested.The tensile fracture surfaces were also studied by scanning electron microscopy.And the grain refinement effect of alloys was also examined.The results indicate that proper additions of CaC2 particulates are found to be efficient in refining the microstructure of magnesium materials.The tensile properties of alloys are consistent with the grain sizes.0.26%(mass fractionl of CaC2 addition reduces the mean grain size of pure magnesium from more than 2 mm to 125 μm,and the ultimate tensile strength of pure magnesium at room temperature decreases from 77 to 148 MPa.

  16. Linear and nonlinear electrodynamic responses of bulk CaC6 in the microwave regime

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andreone, A.; Cifariello, G.; Di Gennaro, E.; Lamura, G.; Emery, N.; Hérold, C.; Marêché, J. F.; Lagrange, P.

    2007-08-01

    The linear and nonlinear responses to a microwave electromagnetic field of two c-axis oriented polycrystalline samples of the recently discovered superconductor CaC6 (TC≈11.5K ) is studied in the superconducting state down to 2K. The surface resistance RS and the third order intermodulation distortion, arising from a two-tone excitation, have been measured as a function of temperature and microwave circulating power. Experiments are carried out using a dielectrically loaded copper cavity operating at 7GHz in a "hot finger" configuration. The results confirm recent experimental findings that CaC6 behaves as a weakly coupled, fully gapped, superconductor.

  17. Commercial Oil Discovery in Zhao Dong Block of Bohai Bay

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lin Rujin; Zhu Xiangdong

    1995-01-01

    @@ China National Oil and Gas Exploration and Development Corporation (CNODC) and XCL-China,Ltd.(XCL) signd the contract for petroleum exploration, development and Production on Zhao Dong Block in Bohai Bay shallow water sea area of P.R.C. on Feb. 10, 1993. The contract area is 197 square kilometers. XCLacts as the Operator for the petroleum operations within the contract area in accordance with the provisions of the contract. In Feb. 1994, XCL assigned one third of its share to Apache China Corporation, and Apache has become the partner of XCL since then. This contract is the first petroleum contract as well as the first cooperative project which gained commercial discovery after CNPC announced to expand the petroleum co-operation with foreign firms on China onshore.

  18. DESAIN JENDELA BANGUNAN DOMESTIK UNTUK MENCAPAI "COOLING VENTILATION" Kasus uji: rumah sederhana luas 45m2 di Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christina E. Mediastika

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available A two dimensional computational program was used to explore type, dimension, and number of windows in a 45 sqm domestic building to achieve cooling ventilation rates in 0 m/s outdoor windspeed. Prior to this, a manual calculation was constructed to limit and predict how the input for computational test would be. As in the manual test, the type of windows to be tested is jalousie (louvre and casement. Primary and secondary weather data was also prepared for input. Subject to change variable is dimension and number of windows. Both manual and computational test indicated that to provide cooling ventilation rates (30 ach in 0 m/s outdoor windspeed, the domestic building requires window area of approximately 50% floor area. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Desain jendela bangunan domestik untuk mencapai "cooling ventilation" (30 air change per hour (ach yang sangat dianjurkan bagi bangunan di daerah tropis lembab diuji pada studi ini. Pengujian dilakukan dengan sistem komputasi dua dimensi dan difokuskan pada kondisi kecepatan angin di seputar bangunan = 0m/det. Untuk memperkirakan model, dimensi dan jumlah jendela, sebelumnya telah dilakukan uji manual pada beberapa bangunan sejenis. Hasil uji manual yang telah dilengkapi dengan data-data primer dan sekunder mengenai suhu, kecepatan dan arah angin kemudian disusun sebagai input uji komputasi. Variabel yang senantiasa dirubah pada proses uji kali ini adalah dimensi dan jumlah jendela. Uji komputasi ini juga bertujuan untuk mem-validasi hasil uji manual tersebut. Kesimpulan yang dihasilkan tidak terlalu jauh berbeda dari kesimpulan pada uji manual, yaitu bahwa untuk memperoleh tingkat ventilasi cooling (30 ach diperlukan luas jendela sekitar 50% luas lantai.

  19. Ab initio study of different structures of CaC: Magnetism, bonding, and lattice dynamics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nourbakhsh, Zahra, E-mail: z.nourbakhsh@ph.iut.ac.ir; Hashemifar, S. Javad, E-mail: hashemifar@cc.iut.ac.ir; Akbarzadeh, Hadi

    2013-12-05

    Highlights: •Electronic structure and phonon calculations are performed on seven CaC structures. •The more covalent structures have lower energies and nonmagnetic ground state. •Ferromagnetism in the ionic phases comes from the sharp C p band at the Fermi level. •Tendency of C atoms for dimerization may lead to structural instabilities in CaC. •Nonmagnetic B33 CaC is stable in a wide range of temperatures and pressures. -- Abstract: On the basis of ab initio pseudopotential calculations, we study structural, magnetic, dynamical, and mechanical properties of the hypothetical CaC ionic compound in the rock-salt (RS), B2, zinc-blende (ZB), wurtzite (WZ), NiAs (NA), anti-NiAs (NA{sup ∗}), and CrB (B33) structures. It is argued that the ZB, WZ, NA, and RS structures are more ionic while the NA{sup ∗}, B2, and B33 structures are more covalent systems. As a result of that, the nonmagnetic B33–CaC is the energetically preferred system, while the more ionic structures prefer a ferromagnetic ground state with high Fermi level spin polarization. The observed ferromagnetism in the more ionic systems is attributed to the sharp partially filled p states of carbon atom in the system. In the framework of density functional perturbation theory, the phonon spectra of these systems are computed and the observed dynamical instabilities of the NA{sup ∗} and B2 structures are explained in terms of the covalent bonds between carbon atoms. The calculated Helmholtz and Enthalpy free energies indicate the highest stability of the B33 structure in a wide range of temperatures and pressures. Among the ferromagnetic structures, RS–CaC and ZB–CaC are reported, respectively, to be the most and the least metastable systems in various thermodynamics conditions. Several mechanical properties of the dynamically stable structures of CaC are determined from their phonon spectra.

  20. Impact of The Protective Renin-Angiotensin System (RAS) on The Vasoreparative Function of CD34+ CACs in Diabetic Retinopathy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duan, Yaqian; Moldovan, Leni; Miller, Rehae C.; Beli, Eleni; Salazar, Tatiana; Hazra, Sugata; Al-Sabah, Jude; Chalam, KV; Raghunandan, Sneha; Vyas, Ruchi; Parsons-Wingerter, Patricia; Oudit, Gavin Y.; Grant, Maria B.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: In diabetes, the impaired vasoreparative function of Circulating Angiogenic Cells (CACs) is believed to contribute to the progression of diabetic retinopathy (DR). Accumulating evidence suggests that the protective arm of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) ACE2 Angiotensin-(1-7) Mas plays an important role in restoring the function of diabetic CACs. We examined the protective RAS in CACs in diabetic individuals with different stages of retinopathy. Methods: Study subjects (n43) were recruited as controls or diabetics with either no DR, mild non-proliferative DR (NPDR), moderate NPDR, severe NPDR or proliferative DR (PDR). Fundus photography and fluorescein angiograms were analyzed using Vessel Generation Analysis (VESGEN) software in a cohort of subjects. CD34+ CACs were isolated from peripheral blood of diabetics and control subjects. RAS gene expressions in CACs were measured by qPCR. The vasoreparative function of CACs was assessed by migration ability toward CXCL12 using the QCM 5M 96-well chemotaxis cell migration assay. Results: ACE2 gene is a key enzyme converting the deleterious Angiotensin II to the beneficial Angiotensin-(1-7). ACE2 expression in CACs from diabetic subjects without DR was increased compared to controls, suggestive of compensation (p0.0437). The expression of Mas (Angiotensin-(1-7) receptor) in CACs was also increased in diabetics without DR, while was reduced in NPDR compared to controls (p0.0002), indicating a possible loss of compensation of the protective RAS at this stage of DR. The presence of even mild NPDR was associated with CD34+ CAC migratory dysfunction. When pretreating CACs of DR subjects with Angiotensin-(1-7), migratory ability to a chemoattractant CXCL12 was restored (p0.0008). By VESGEN analysis, an increase in small vessel density was observed in NPDR subjects when compared with the controls. Conclusions: These data suggest the protective RAS axis within diabetic CACs may help maintain their vasoreparative potential

  1. Structural behavior of the acetylide carbides Li2C2 and CaC2 at high pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nylén, Johanna; Konar, Sumit; Lazor, Peter; Benson, Daryn; Häussermann, Ulrich

    2012-12-01

    The effects of high pressure (up to 30 GPa) on the structural properties of lithium and calcium carbide, Li2C2 and CaC2, were studied at room temperature by Raman spectroscopy in a diamond anvil cell. Both carbides consist of C2 dumbbells which are coordinated by metal atoms. At standard pressure and temperature two forms of CaC2 co-exist. Monoclinic CaC2-II is not stable at pressures above 2 GPa and tetragonal CaC2-I possibly undergoes a minor structural change between 10 and 12 GPa. Orthorhombic Li2C2 transforms to a new structure type at around 15 GPa. At pressures above 18 GPa (CaC2) and 25 GPa (Li2C2) Raman spectra become featureless, and remain featureless upon decompression which suggests an irreversible amorphization of the acetylide carbides. First principles calculations were used to analyze the pressure dependence of Raman mode frequencies and structural stability of Li2C2 and CaC2. A structure model for the high pressure phase of Li2C2 was searched by applying an evolutionary algorithm.

  2. Uji Eksperimental Pengaruh Jumlah Sudu Dan Variasi Kecepatan Angin Terhadap Daya Dan Putaran Turbin Angin Savonius Dengan Luas Sapuan Rotor 0,90 M2

    OpenAIRE

    Alfian, Muhammad

    2011-01-01

    Kontruksi turbin angin Vertikal Axis Savonius dapat memanfaatkan potensi angin dari segala arah, sederhana dan tidak memerlukan tempat pemasangan yang begitu luas serta menghasilkan momen yang besar merupakan pertimbangan untuk pengembangan turbin ini dalam kondisi angin di Indonesia. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah unutk meneliti pengaruh jumlah sudu dan kecepatan angin terhadap daya dan putaran pada turbin angin Savonius. Dan mencari nilai koefisien daya dari bentuk profil su...

  3. Experimental Evidence of s-Wave Superconductivity in Bulk CaC6

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamura, G.; Aurino, M.; Cifariello, G.; di Gennaro, E.; Andreone, A.; Emery, N.; Hérold, C.; Marêché, J.-F.; Lagrange, P.

    2006-03-01

    The temperature dependence of the in-plane magnetic penetration depth, λab(T), has been measured in a c-axis oriented polycrystalline CaC6 bulk sample using a high-resolution mutual inductance technique. A clear exponential behavior of λab(T) has been observed at low temperatures, strongly suggesting isotropic s-wave pairing. Data fit using the standard BCS theory yields λab(0)=(720±80)Å and Δ(0)=(1.79±0.08)meV. The ratio 2Δ(0)/kBTc=(3.6±0.2) gives indication for a weakly coupled superconductor.

  4. Targeted deletion of Kif18a protects from colitis-associated colorectal (CAC) tumors in mice through impairing Akt phosphorylation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhu, Houbao [State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics, Research Center for Experimental Medicine, Rui-Jin Hospital and Department of Medical Genetics, E-Institutes of Shanghai Universities, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine (SJTUSM), Shanghai 200025 (China); Xu, Wangyang [Department of Clinical Laboratories, Ninth People’s Hospital, SJTUSM, Shanghai 200011 (China); Zhang, Hongxin [State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics, Research Center for Experimental Medicine, Rui-Jin Hospital and Department of Medical Genetics, E-Institutes of Shanghai Universities, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine (SJTUSM), Shanghai 200025 (China); Liu, Jianbing [State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics, Research Center for Experimental Medicine, Rui-Jin Hospital and Department of Medical Genetics, E-Institutes of Shanghai Universities, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine (SJTUSM), Shanghai 200025 (China); Shanghai Research Center for Model Organisms, Shanghai 201203 (China); Xu, Haimin [Department of Pathology, Rui-Jin Hospital, SJTUSM, Shanghai 200025 (China); Lu, Shunyuan; Dang, Suying [State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics, Research Center for Experimental Medicine, Rui-Jin Hospital and Department of Medical Genetics, E-Institutes of Shanghai Universities, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine (SJTUSM), Shanghai 200025 (China); Kuang, Ying [Shanghai Research Center for Model Organisms, Shanghai 201203 (China); Jin, Xiaolong [Department of Pathology, Rui-Jin Hospital, SJTUSM, Shanghai 200025 (China); Wang, Zhugang, E-mail: zhugangw@shsmu.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics, Research Center for Experimental Medicine, Rui-Jin Hospital and Department of Medical Genetics, E-Institutes of Shanghai Universities, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine (SJTUSM), Shanghai 200025 (China); Shanghai Research Center for Model Organisms, Shanghai 201203 (China)

    2013-08-16

    Highlights: •Kif18A is up-regulated in CAC of mouse model. •Kif18a{sup −/−} mice are protected from CAC. •Tumor cells from Kif18a{sup −/−} mice undergo more apoptosis. •Kif18A deficiency induces poor Atk phosphorylation. -- Abstract: Kinesins are a superfamily of molecular motors involved in cell division or intracellular transport. They are becoming important targets for chemotherapeutic intervention of cancer due to their crucial role in mitosis. Here, we demonstrate that the kinesin-8 Kif18a is overexpressed in murine CAC and is a crucial promoter during early CAC carcinogenesis. Kif18a-deficient mice are evidently protected from AOM–DSS-induced colon carcinogenesis. Kif18A is responsible for proliferation of colonic tumor cells, while Kif18a ablation in mice promotes cell apoptosis. Mechanistically, Kif18a is responsible for induction of Akt phosphorylation, which is known to be associated with cell survival regulation. In conclusion, Kif18a is critical for colorectal carcinogenesis in the setting of inflammation by mechanisms of increased PI3K-AKT signaling. Inhibition of Kif18A activity may be useful in the prevention or chemotherapeutic intervention of CAC.

  5. Targeted deletion of Kif18a protects from colitis-associated colorectal (CAC) tumors in mice through impairing Akt phosphorylation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: •Kif18A is up-regulated in CAC of mouse model. •Kif18a−/− mice are protected from CAC. •Tumor cells from Kif18a−/− mice undergo more apoptosis. •Kif18A deficiency induces poor Atk phosphorylation. -- Abstract: Kinesins are a superfamily of molecular motors involved in cell division or intracellular transport. They are becoming important targets for chemotherapeutic intervention of cancer due to their crucial role in mitosis. Here, we demonstrate that the kinesin-8 Kif18a is overexpressed in murine CAC and is a crucial promoter during early CAC carcinogenesis. Kif18a-deficient mice are evidently protected from AOM–DSS-induced colon carcinogenesis. Kif18A is responsible for proliferation of colonic tumor cells, while Kif18a ablation in mice promotes cell apoptosis. Mechanistically, Kif18a is responsible for induction of Akt phosphorylation, which is known to be associated with cell survival regulation. In conclusion, Kif18a is critical for colorectal carcinogenesis in the setting of inflammation by mechanisms of increased PI3K-AKT signaling. Inhibition of Kif18A activity may be useful in the prevention or chemotherapeutic intervention of CAC

  6. CDC28 phosphorylates Cac1p and regulates the association of chromatin assembly factor I with chromatin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeffery, Daniel C B; Kakusho, Naoko; You, Zhiying; Gharib, Marlene; Wyse, Brandon; Drury, Erin; Weinreich, Michael; Thibault, Pierre; Verreault, Alain; Masai, Hisao; Yankulov, Krassimir

    2015-01-01

    Chromatin Assembly Factor I (CAF-I) plays a key role in the replication-coupled assembly of nucleosomes. It is expected that its function is linked to the regulation of the cell cycle, but little detail is available. Current models suggest that CAF-I is recruited to replication forks and to chromatin via an interaction between its Cac1p subunit and the replication sliding clamp, PCNA, and that this interaction is stimulated by the kinase CDC7. Here we show that another kinase, CDC28, phosphorylates Cac1p on serines 94 and 515 in early S phase and regulates its association with chromatin, but not its association with PCNA. Mutations in the Cac1p-phosphorylation sites of CDC28 but not of CDC7 substantially reduce the in vivo phosphorylation of Cac1p. However, mutations in the putative CDC7 target sites on Cac1p reduce its stability. The association of CAF-I with chromatin is impaired in a cdc28-1 mutant and to a lesser extent in a cdc7-1 mutant. In addition, mutations in the Cac1p-phosphorylation sites by both CDC28 and CDC7 reduce gene silencing at the telomeres. We propose that this phosphorylation represents a regulatory step in the recruitment of CAF-I to chromatin in early S phase that is distinct from the association of CAF-I with PCNA. Hence, we implicate CDC28 in the regulation of chromatin reassembly during DNA replication. These findings provide novel mechanistic insights on the links between cell-cycle regulation, DNA replication and chromatin reassembly.

  7. CDC28 phosphorylates Cac1p and regulates the association of chromatin assembly factor i with chromatin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeffery, Daniel CB; Kakusho, Naoko; You, Zhiying; Gharib, Marlene; Wyse, Brandon; Drury, Erin; Weinreich, Michael; Thibault, Pierre; Verreault, Alain; Masai, Hisao; Yankulov, Krassimir

    2015-01-01

    Chromatin Assembly Factor I (CAF-I) plays a key role in the replication-coupled assembly of nucleosomes. It is expected that its function is linked to the regulation of the cell cycle, but little detail is available. Current models suggest that CAF-I is recruited to replication forks and to chromatin via an interaction between its Cac1p subunit and the replication sliding clamp, PCNA, and that this interaction is stimulated by the kinase CDC7. Here we show that another kinase, CDC28, phosphorylates Cac1p on serines 94 and 515 in early S phase and regulates its association with chromatin, but not its association with PCNA. Mutations in the Cac1p-phosphorylation sites of CDC28 but not of CDC7 substantially reduce the in vivo phosphorylation of Cac1p. However, mutations in the putative CDC7 target sites on Cac1p reduce its stability. The association of CAF-I with chromatin is impaired in a cdc28–1 mutant and to a lesser extent in a cdc7–1 mutant. In addition, mutations in the Cac1p-phosphorylation sites by both CDC28 and CDC7 reduce gene silencing at the telomeres. We propose that this phosphorylation represents a regulatory step in the recruitment of CAF-I to chromatin in early S phase that is distinct from the association of CAF-I with PCNA. Hence, we implicate CDC28 in the regulation of chromatin reassembly during DNA replication. These findings provide novel mechanistic insights on the links between cell-cycle regulation, DNA replication and chromatin reassembly. PMID:25602519

  8. CDC28 phosphorylates Cac1p and regulates the association of chromatin assembly factor I with chromatin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeffery, Daniel C B; Kakusho, Naoko; You, Zhiying; Gharib, Marlene; Wyse, Brandon; Drury, Erin; Weinreich, Michael; Thibault, Pierre; Verreault, Alain; Masai, Hisao; Yankulov, Krassimir

    2015-01-01

    Chromatin Assembly Factor I (CAF-I) plays a key role in the replication-coupled assembly of nucleosomes. It is expected that its function is linked to the regulation of the cell cycle, but little detail is available. Current models suggest that CAF-I is recruited to replication forks and to chromatin via an interaction between its Cac1p subunit and the replication sliding clamp, PCNA, and that this interaction is stimulated by the kinase CDC7. Here we show that another kinase, CDC28, phosphorylates Cac1p on serines 94 and 515 in early S phase and regulates its association with chromatin, but not its association with PCNA. Mutations in the Cac1p-phosphorylation sites of CDC28 but not of CDC7 substantially reduce the in vivo phosphorylation of Cac1p. However, mutations in the putative CDC7 target sites on Cac1p reduce its stability. The association of CAF-I with chromatin is impaired in a cdc28-1 mutant and to a lesser extent in a cdc7-1 mutant. In addition, mutations in the Cac1p-phosphorylation sites by both CDC28 and CDC7 reduce gene silencing at the telomeres. We propose that this phosphorylation represents a regulatory step in the recruitment of CAF-I to chromatin in early S phase that is distinct from the association of CAF-I with PCNA. Hence, we implicate CDC28 in the regulation of chromatin reassembly during DNA replication. These findings provide novel mechanistic insights on the links between cell-cycle regulation, DNA replication and chromatin reassembly. PMID:25602519

  9. Chinese Basic Block - The Structure Designing Principle and Technology of Dong Hua Basic Block

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Wen-bin; ZHANG Wei-yuan

    2002-01-01

    The principles and the interrelated factors of the basic garment pattern are discussed. Furthermore the regression relation between the different parts of the Chinese female bodies and the application rules of the box pattern are analyzed. Chinese basic block - the DongHua Basic Block is founded theoretically and practically.

  10. Lõuna-Korea õpetab ettevaatlikkust / Dong Hyeon ; intervjueerinud Ave-Lii Idavain

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hyeon, Dong

    2015-01-01

    Vestlus Lõuna-Korea Pusani riikliku ülikooli majandusprofessori ja Tartu Ülikooli külalisprofessori Dong Hyeon Jung'iga Lõuna-Korea majanduslikust ja poliitilisest olukorrast. Emeriitprofessor oli kaks kuud TTÜ külalisõppejõud

  11. Vice-chairman Dong Songgen Attends the Opening Ceremony of Southwest Branch of CIETAC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ On March 20,Southwest Branch of the China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission (Southwest Branch of CIETAC) was established with a formal inauguration in Chongqing.Vice-chairman of CCPIT Dong Songgen and Vice Mayor of Chongqing Municipal Government Zhou Mubing were present at the ceremony and delivered speeches.

  12. Analisa Performansi Algoritma Admission CAC Dan Lucent Pada Berbagai Karakteristik Trafik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tora Fahrudin

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Jaringan Metro Ethernet umumnya didefinisikan sebagai bridge dari suatu jaringan atau menghubungkan wilayah yang terpisah bisa juga menghubungkan LAN dengan WAN atau backbone network yang umumnya dimiliki oleh service provider. Admission control adalah suatu mekanisme yang mencegah jaringan mengalami over-loaded. Jika QoS yang diminta tidak dapat disediakan, maka jaringan tidak akan mengirimkan tanda ke aplikasi untuk memulai mengirimkan data. Jika aplikasi telah memulai pengiriman data, maka sumber daya pada jaringan yang sudah dipesan aplikasi tersebut akan terus dikelola secara end-to-end sampai aplikasi tersebut selesai.  Didalam penelitian ini akan di lihat pengaruh Algoritma Lucent dan CAC pada Router Cisco yang di implementasikan dengan simulasi OPNET 14.0. Akan dilihat performansi dari 2 buah alogoritma tersebut, dengan karakteristik Distribusi trafik yang berbeda beda untuk 3 layanan, voice, video dan data.

  13. First-Principles Prediction of High-Pressure Phase of CaC6

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Yan; ZHANG Li-Jun; GUI Tian; LIU Yan-Hui; MA Yan-Ming; ZOU Guang-Tian

    2007-01-01

    The lattice dynamics of rhombohedral CaCe is studied as a function of pressure to probe its high pressure phase with low superconducting transition temperature using the density functional liner-response theory. The pressure-induced phase transition in CaC6 is attributable to the softening transverse acoustic (TA) phonon mode at the zone boundary X (0.5, 0.0, 0.5) point. The high pressure phase is then explored by performing fully structural optimization in the supercell which accommodates the atomic displacements corresponding to the eigenvectors of the unstable mode of TA(X). The high-pressure phase is predicted to be a monoclinic unit cell with space group P21/m.

  14. SVM-Based CAC System for B-Mode Kidney Ultrasound Images.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subramanya, M B; Kumar, Vinod; Mukherjee, Shaktidev; Saini, Manju

    2015-08-01

    The present study proposes a computer-aided classification (CAC) system for three kidney classes, viz. normal, medical renal disease (MRD) and cyst using B-mode ultrasound images. Thirty-five B-mode kidney ultrasound images consisting of 11 normal images, 8 MRD images and 16 cyst images have been used. Regions of interest (ROIs) have been marked by the radiologist from the parenchyma region of the kidney in case of normal and MRD cases and from regions inside lesions for cyst cases. To evaluate the contribution of texture features extracted from de-speckled images for the classification task, original images have been pre-processed by eight de-speckling methods. Six categories of texture features are extracted. One-against-one multi-class support vector machine (SVM) classifier has been used for the present work. Based on overall classification accuracy (OCA), features from ROIs of original images are concatenated with the features from ROIs of pre-processed images. On the basis of OCA, few feature sets are considered for feature selection. Differential evolution feature selection (DEFS) has been used to select optimal features for the classification task. DEFS process is repeated 30 times to obtain 30 subsets. Run-length matrix features from ROIs of images pre-processed by Lee's sigma concatenated with that of enhanced Lee method have resulted in an average accuracy (in %) and standard deviation of 86.3 ± 1.6. The results obtained in the study indicate that the performance of the proposed CAC system is promising, and it can be used by the radiologists in routine clinical practice for the classification of renal diseases. PMID:25537457

  15. Analisa Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Kadar Merkuri (Hg) Dalam Urin Pada Pekerja Tambang Emas di Desa Panton Luas Kecamatan Sawang Kabupaten Aceh Selatan

    OpenAIRE

    Asiah, Nur

    2016-01-01

    Mercury (Hg) is a heavy metal that is a major concern in terms of health because it is toxic to humans. This study aims to analyze the factors that influence the levels of mercury (Hg) in the urine of workers in the gold mining village of Panton Luas Sawang subdistrict South Aceh. The sampling technique is the total sampling of 30 people. Data were obtained from questionnaires and laboratory tests mercury levels in the urine. The statistical test used was chi-square. The results showed that ...

  16. The Cac1 subunit of histone chaperone CAF-1 organizes CAF-1-H3/H4 architecture and tetramerizes histones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Wallace H; Roemer, Sarah C; Zhou, Yeyun; Shen, Zih-Jie; Dennehey, Briana K; Balsbaugh, Jeremy L; Liddle, Jennifer C; Nemkov, Travis; Ahn, Natalie G; Hansen, Kirk C; Tyler, Jessica K; Churchill, Mair EA

    2016-01-01

    The histone chaperone Chromatin Assembly Factor 1 (CAF-1) deposits tetrameric (H3/H4)2 histones onto newly-synthesized DNA during DNA replication. To understand the mechanism of the tri-subunit CAF-1 complex in this process, we investigated the protein-protein interactions within the CAF-1-H3/H4 architecture using biophysical and biochemical approaches. Hydrogen/deuterium exchange and chemical cross-linking coupled to mass spectrometry reveal interactions that are essential for CAF-1 function in budding yeast, and importantly indicate that the Cac1 subunit functions as a scaffold within the CAF-1-H3/H4 complex. Cac1 alone not only binds H3/H4 with high affinity, but also promotes histone tetramerization independent of the other subunits. Moreover, we identify a minimal region in the C-terminus of Cac1, including the structured winged helix domain and glutamate/aspartate-rich domain, which is sufficient to induce (H3/H4)2 tetramerization. These findings reveal a key role of Cac1 in histone tetramerization, providing a new model for CAF-1-H3/H4 architecture and function during eukaryotic replication. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.18023.001 PMID:27690308

  17. Generation and replication-dependent dilution of 5fC and 5caC during mouse preimplantation development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Azusa Inoue; Li Shen; Qing Dai; Chuan He; Yi Zhang

    2011-01-01

    One of the recent advances in the epigenetic field is the demonstration that the Tet family of proteins are capable of catalyzing conversion of 5-methylcytosine (5mC) of DNA to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC).Interestingly,recent studies have shown that 5hmC can be further oxidized by Tet proteins to generate 5-formyicytosine (5fC) and 5-carboxylcytosine (5caC),which can be removed by thymine DNA glycosylase (TDG).To determine whether Tetcatalyzed conversion of 5mC to 5fC and 5caC occurs in vivo in zygotes,we generated antibodies specific for 5fC and 5caC.By immunostaining,we demonstrate that loss of 5mC in the paternal pronucleus is concurrent with the appearance of 5fC and 5caC,similar to that of 5hmC.Importantly,instead of being quickly removed through an enzyme-catalyzed process,both 5fC and 5caC exhibit replication-dependent dilution during mouse preimplantation development.These results not only demonstrate the conversion of 5mC to 5fC and 5caC in zygotes,but also indicate that both 5fC and 5caC are relatively stable and may be functional during preimplantation development.Together with previous studies,our study suggests that Tet-catalyzed conversion of 5mC to 5hmC/5fC/5caC followed by replication-dependent dilution accounts for paternal DNA demethylation during preimplantation development.

  18. 水泥沥青混凝土CAC-20C路用性能研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李延盛[1; 蔡乾东[2; 梁慧[2

    2015-01-01

    水泥沥青混凝土(Cement asphalt concrete pavement,CAC)是在空隙率15%-20%左右的"骨架-空隙"母体沥青混合料结构中,灌注掺有适量外加剂的聚合物水泥乳浆,经适当时间养生硬化而形成的新型路面材料。本文采用体积法设计大孔隙、开级配沥青混合料作为"骨架-空隙"母体沥青混合料CAC-20C,通过调整水、水泥及水泥沥青外加剂CACa的配比组成较为适宜的水泥乳浆,将其灌注到母体沥青混合料成型的试件中,经养生形成水泥沥青混凝土CAC-20C。通过对养生3d后的水泥沥青混凝土CAC-20C和沥青混合料AC-20C进行高温稳定性、水稳定性及力学性能试验,分析水泥沥青混凝土CAC-20C的路用性能。试验结果表明,水泥沥青混凝土CAC-20C的高温稳定性、水稳定性及力学性能均优于改性沥青混合料AC-20C,路用性能显著。

  19. CACUL1/CAC1 Regulates the Antioxidant Response by Stabilizing Nrf2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kigoshi, Yu; Fukuda, Tomomi; Endo, Tomoyuki; Hayasaka, Nami; Iemura, Shun-ichiro; Natsume, Toru; Tsuruta, Fuminori; Chiba, Tomoki

    2015-01-01

    Nrf2 is the pre-dominant transcription activator responsible for coordinated up-regulation of ARE-driven antioxidant and detoxification genes. The activity of Nrf2 is tightly regulated at basal levels through its ubiquitination by Cul3-Keap1 and consequential degradation. Upon exposure to stress, the Cul3-Keap1 ligase is inhibited, leading to Nrf2 stabilization and activation. Here we describe CACUL1/CAC1 as a positive regulator of the Nrf2 pathway. We found that CACUL1 is up-regulated by Nrf2-activating oxidative stresses in cells and in mice. The association of CACUL1 with the Cul3-Keap1 complex led to a decrease in Nrf2 ubiquitination levels at non-stressed as well as stressed conditions, and sensitized cells for higher Nrf2 activation. Furthermore, CACUL1 knock-down led to a decrease in Nrf2 activity and cell viability under stress. Our results show that CACUL1 is a regulator of Nrf2 ubiquitination, adding another regulatory layer to the Nrf2 antioxidant stress response. PMID:26238671

  20. Source identification and mass balance studies of mercury in Lake An-dong, S. Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, J.; Byeon, M.; Yoon, J.; Park, J.; Lee, M.; Huh, I.; Na, E.; Chung, D.; Shin, S.; Kim, Y.

    2009-12-01

    In this study, mercury and methylmercury were measured in atmospheric, tributary, open-lake water column, sediment, planktons and fish samples in the catchments area of Lake An-dong, S. Korea. Lake An-dong, an artificial freshwater lake is located on the upstream of River Nak-dong. It has 51.5 km2 of open surface water and 1.33 year of hydraulic residence time. It is a source of drinking water for 0.3 million S. Koreans. Recently, the possibilities of its mercury contamination became an issue since current studies showed that the lake had much higher mercury level in sediment and certain freshwater fish species than any other lakes in S. Korea. This catchments area has the possibilities of historical mercury pollution by the location of more than 50 abandoned gold mines and Young-poong zinc smelter. The objective of this study was to develop a mercury mass balance and identify possible mercury sources in the lake. The results of this study are thus expected to offer valuable insights for the sources of mercury loading through the watershed. In order to estimate the mercury flux, TGM, RGM and particulate mercury were measured using TEKRAN 2537 at the five sites surrounding Lake An-dong from May, 2009 with wet and dry deposition. The fate and transport of mercury in water body were predicted by using EFDC (Environmental Dynamic Fluid Code) and Mercury module in WASP7 (Water quality analysis program) after subsequent distribution into water body, sediments, followed by bioaccumulation and ultimate uptake by humans. The mercury mass balance in Young-poong zinc smelter was also pre-estimated by measuring mercury content in zinc ores, emission gases, sludge, wastewater and products.

  1. A connecter-like factor, CacA, links RssB/RpoS and the CpxR/CpxA two-component system in Salmonella

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kato Akinori

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Bacteria integrate numerous environmental stimuli when generating cellular responses. Increasing numbers of examples describe how one two-component system (TCS responds to signals detected by the sensor of another TCS. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this phenomenon remain poorly defined. Results Here, we report a connector-like factor that affects the activity of the CpxR/CpxA two-component system in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. We isolated a clone that induced the expression of a cpxP-lac gene fusion from a high-copy-number plasmid pool of random Salmonella genomic fragments. A 63-amino acid protein, CacA, was responsible for the CpxA/CpxR-dependent activation of the cpxP gene. The CpxR-activated genes cpxP and spy exhibited approximately 30% and 50% reductions in transcription, respectively, in a clean cacA deletion mutant strain in comparison to wild-type. From 33 response regulator (RR deletion mutants, we identified that the RssB regulator represses cacA transcription. Substitution mutations in a conserved -10 region harboring the RNA polymerase recognition sequence, which is well conserved with a known RpoS -10 region consensus sequence, rendered the cacA promoter RpoS-independent. The CacA-mediated induction of cpxP transcription was affected in a trxA deletion mutant, which encodes thioredoxin 1, suggesting a role for cysteine thiol-disulfide exchange(s in CacA-dependent Cpx activation. Conclusions We identified CacA as an activator of the CpxR/CpxA system in the plasmid clone. We propose that CacA may integrate the regulatory status of RssB/RpoS into the CpxR/CpxA system. Future investigations are necessary to thoroughly elucidate how CacA activates the CpxR/CpxA system.

  2. Surveillance of dengue and chikungunya infection in Dong Thap, Vietnam:A 13-month study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pham Thi Kim Lien; Phan Thi Nga; Laurence Briant; Truong Ba Tang; Bui Minh Trang; Laurent Gavotte; Emmanuel Cornillot; Vu Trong Duoc; Tran Nhu Duong; Roger Frutos

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To establish a surveillance in Dong Thap, at the border with Cambodia by assessing the presence of DENV serotypes and CHIKV among patients hospitalized at Dong Thap general hospital. Methods: Cross-sectional descriptive analysis was conducted on a cohort of 131 patients hospitalized with acute fever and symptoms compatible with dengue or chikungunya. The study was conducted from January 2012 to February 2013. The full clinical picture was established as well as serological and molecular detection. Serological analysis was sequentially performed on blood samples collected on admission and an average of seven days after admission. The detection of IgM antibody to DENV was performed by IgM capture ELISA and the detection of DENV and CHIKV RNA was done by reverse-transcription multiplex PCR. Results: 101 patients out of 131 (77%) were confirmed with dengue. All four dengue serotypes were detected with a predominance of DENV2 and DENV4. No chikungunya infection was detected although reported in neighboring Cambodia. A differential efficiency of serological dengue detection was observed. Efficiency was 29% upon admission and 53% after seven days on the same patients. 30 patients out of 131 (23%) were negative with both DENV and CHIKV. Conclusions: Dengue is at risk of being underestimated and chikungunya is not systematically detected. Changes in detection and surveillance procedures are therefore discussed to increase efficiency of dengue detection and continue the monitoring the emergence of CHIKV in Dong Thap province and in Vietnam.

  3. Photocatalytic degradation of an azo dye Sunset Yellow under UV-A light using TiO2/CAC composite catalysts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajamanickam, D.; Shanthi, M.

    2014-07-01

    The photocatalytic activity and the promoting effect of titania (TiO2) by commercial activated carbon (CAC) for removing the pollutant in wastewater were investigated. The TiO2/CAC composite photocatalysts with various ratios of CAC to TiO2 were prepared by sol-gel method. The catalyst was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), high resolution scanning electron microscope (HR-SEM), energy dispersive spectra (EDS), diffuse reflectance spectra (DRS), photoluminescence spectra (PL), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area measurement methods. The photocatalytic activity of TiO2/CAC was investigated for the degradation of Sunset Yellow (SY) in aqueous solution using UV-A light. The TiO2/CAC is found to be more efficient than prepared TiO2 and TiO2-P25 at pH 7 for the mineralization of SY. The synergism between TiO2 and CAC may increase the catalytic activity. The effects of operational parameters such as the amount of photocatalyst, dye concentration and initial pH on photo mineralization of SY have been analyzed. The mineralization of SY has been confirmed by COD measurements. The catalyst is found to be reusable.

  4. Menaquinone-7 Supplementation to Reduce Vascular Calcification in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease: Rationale and Study Protocol (VitaK-CAC Trial).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vossen, Liv M; Schurgers, Leon J; van Varik, Bernard J; Kietselaer, Bas L J H; Vermeer, Cees; Meeder, Johannes G; Rahel, Braim M; van Cauteren, Yvonne J M; Hoffland, Ge A; Rennenberg, Roger J M W; Reesink, Koen D; de Leeuw, Peter W; Kroon, Abraham A

    2015-10-28

    Coronary artery calcification (CAC) develops early in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and is a strong and independent predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Arterial calcification is caused by an imbalance in calcification regulatory mechanisms. An important inhibitor of calcification is vitamin K-dependent matrix Gla protein (MGP). Both preclinical and clinical studies have shown that inhibition of the vitamin K-cycle by vitamin K antagonists (VKA) results in elevated uncarboxylated MGP (ucMGP) and subsequently in extensive arterial calcification. This led us to hypothesize that vitamin K supplementation may slow down the progression of calcification. To test this, we designed the VitaK-CAC trial which analyses effects of menaquinone-7 (MK-7) supplementation on progression of CAC. The trial is a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial including patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Patients with a baseline Agatston CAC-score between 50 and 400 will be randomized to an intervention-group (360 microgram MK-7) or a placebo group. Treatment duration will be 24 months. The primary endpoint is the difference in CAC-score progression between both groups. Secondary endpoints include changes in arterial structure and function, and associations with biomarkers. We hypothesize that treatment with MK-7 will slow down or arrest the progression of CAC and that this trial may lead to a treatment option for vascular calcification and subsequent CVD.

  5. Long-term trend of climate variables in the upper Dong Nai river basin in Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Truong, Nguyen Cung Que; Nguyen, Hong Quan; Kondoh, Akihiko

    2015-04-01

    Dong Nai river and Mekong delta downstream are located in and supplied the major water resources to the whole Southern of Vietnam. In the state of continuous changes in water resources due to climate changes, there are several controversy about the potential impact of sediment transport and river flows downstream due to either the cascade hydroelectric power plant system or dam construction in the upper of Mekong delta. Therefore, management and planning for efficient use of Dong Nai river water resource is very important. Furthermore, that it is necessary to consider the hydrological regime change by the effects of climate variable. On the other hand, solving the problems of water shortage in the dry season and flood control in rainy season are also important for issues of water management at Dong Nai river basin. In this study we evaluated changes in two main factors of the water balance equation (both rainfall and evapotranspiration) to assess long-term change in the hydrological regime in the upper area of Dong Nai river basin. This key theme was divided into the following two sub-goals. The first goal was to analyze long term spatial and temporal rainfall trends. The second goal was to analyze the long-term trend of meteorological factors determining evapotranspiration such as air temperature, wind speed, solar radiation and sunshine duration. The results were used to assess their impact to evapotranspiration. The meteorological and hydrological data of the basin for the last 20 years (from 1993 to 2012) were analyzed based on the Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) method. The EMD method has been pioneered by Huang et al. (1998) for adaptively representing nonstationary time-series data as sum of zero-mean amplitude modulation-frequency modulation (AM-FM) components by iteratively conducting the sifting process. These components called Intrinsic Mode Functions (IMFs) allow the calculation of a meaningful multi-component instantaneous frequency. The results

  6. Analysis of Mao Ze-dong's military thought%浅析毛泽东的军事思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    臧晓萌

    2014-01-01

    Mao Ze-dong's military thought is an important part of Mao Ze-dong's thought, Mao Ze-dong's military thought is formation and development in the long-term revolutionary war. It has own characteristics and advantages, it has historical position of significant and realistic significance.%毛泽东的军事思想是毛泽东思想的重要组成部分,毛泽东的军事思想是在长期革命战争中形成和发展起来的,有着其自身的特点和优势,有其显著的历史地位和现实意义。

  7. CDC28 phosphorylates Cac1p and regulates the association of chromatin assembly factor i with chromatin

    OpenAIRE

    Jeffery, Daniel CB; Kakusho, Naoko; You, Zhiying; Gharib, Marlene; Wyse, Brandon; Drury, Erin; Weinreich, Michael; Thibault, Pierre; Verreault, Alain; Masai, Hisao; Yankulov, Krassimir

    2015-01-01

    Chromatin Assembly Factor I (CAF-I) plays a key role in the replication-coupled assembly of nucleosomes. It is expected that its function is linked to the regulation of the cell cycle, but little detail is available. Current models suggest that CAF-I is recruited to replication forks and to chromatin via an interaction between its Cac1p subunit and the replication sliding clamp, PCNA, and that this interaction is stimulated by the kinase CDC7. Here we show that another kinase, ...

  8. Ending of Drama Dong Meiqing%简评《董梅卿》的结尾

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄昌年

    2011-01-01

    Dong Meiqing is a new historical play specially created to commemorate the 1911 Revolution, which portrays a hero named Han Jiangzhou as an anti -Qing patriot. At the end of the play, the 1911 Revolution succeeds. The heroine Dong Meiqing imagines that she gets married with the revolutionary martyr Han Jiangzhou, who still wears the long braid popular in the Qing Dyr/asty. This paper, from the perspectives of romantic connotations and historical outlook on development, believes that the appearance of the Dig braid is not only a failure in art, but also an error in politics.%《董梅卿》是一出为纪念辛亥革命而新编的历史剧,它塑造了寒江舟作为一个反清志士的英雄形象。剧末,辛亥革命成功了,女主人公董梅卿幻想着与革命烈士寒江舟成婚,而此时的寒江舟却还拖着大清王朝的大辫子。本文从浪漫主义的内涵与历史发展观出发,认为这条辫子的出现,在艺术上是一个败笔,在政治上是一个失误。

  9. Analisis Klaster K-Means dari Data Luas Grup Sunspot dan Data Grup Sunspot Klasifikasi Mc.Intosh yang membangkitkan Flare Soft X-Ray dan H-alpha

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Jumaroh

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Analisis klaster merupakan teknik interpendensi yang mengelompokkan suatu objek berdasarkan kemiripan dan kedekatan jarak antar objek. Pengelompokan objek dengan jumlah banyak membutuhkan waktu yang lama. Salah satu analisis klaster yang dapat digunakan dalam situasi ini adalah analisis klaster non hierarki, yaitu K-means. Pada artikel ini mengelompokkan data luas grup sunspot dan data grup sunspot klasifikasi Mc.Intosh yang membangkitkan flare soft X-Ray dan Hα. Untuk mengetahui luas grup sunspot dan grup sunspot klasifikasi Mc.Intosh yang berpeluang membangkitkan flare soft X-Ray dan Hα dengan intensitas ledakan yang tinggi dan rendah. Berdasarkan hasil analisis, diperoleh dua klaster yaitu klaster pertama yang tergolong mampu membangkitkan flare Soft X-Ray dan Hα dengan intensitas yang tinggi. Sedangkan klaster kedua yang tergolong mampu membangkitkan flare Soft X-Ray dan Hα dengan intensitas yang rendah

  10. First-principles insights into p magnetism in CaC and CaN ionic compounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nourbakhsh, Zahra, E-mail: z.nourbakhsh@ph.iut.ac.ir; Hashemifar, S. Javad, E-mail: hashemifar@cc.iut.ac.ir; Akbarzadeh, Hadi

    2013-09-15

    Density functional—pseudopotential calculations are employed for more understanding of the exchange interaction in the novel p ferromagnetic CaC and CaN compounds in the rock-salt, zinc-blende, wurtzite and NiAs structures. It is observed that the generalized gradient functional give rises to a half-metallic or nearly half-metallic electronic structure for these systems. Comparing the structural properties in the ferromagnetic and nonmagnetic states clarifies that the bonding properties are almost independent of the exchange interaction in these systems. It is observed that the interatomic exchange interaction in these systems is quite strong and controls the splitting of the spin resolved bond points. The non-local Hartree–Fock based exchange correction is found to enhance the half-metallic behavior of the systems while preserving their equilibrium volume and compressibility. - Highlights: • Ab-initio studies are done on various structures of CaC and CaN compounds. • Within the HSE functional, all systems exhibit half-metallic p ferromagnetism. • Exchange interaction has negligible effect on bonding properties of the systems. • The estimated exchange stiffness of the systems is more than 20 meV/formula unit.

  11. Cross Layer QoS Support Architecture with Integrated CAC and Scheduling Algorithms for WiMAX BWA Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Chowdhury, Prasun; Sanyal, Salil K

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, a new technique for cross layer design, based on present Eb/N0 (bit energy per noise density) ratio of the connections and target values of the Quality of Service (QoS) information parameters from MAC layer, is proposed to dynamically select the Modulation and Coding Scheme (MCS) at the PHY layer for WiMAX Broadband Wireless Access (BWA) networks. The QoS information parameter includes New Connection Blocking Probability (NCBP), Hand off Connection Dropping Probability (HCDP) and Connection Outage Probability (COP). In addition, a Signal to Interference plus Noise Ratio (SINR) based Call Admission Control (CAC) algorithm and Queue based Scheduling algorithm are integrated for the cross layer design. An analytical model using the Continuous Time Markov Chain (CTMC) is developed for performance evaluation of the algorithms under various MCS. The effect of Eb/No is observed for QoS information parameters in order to determine its optimum range. Simulation results show that the integrated CAC and p...

  12. Some recommendations for a better vegetable production in Dong Anh peri-urban district, Hanoi City (in Vietnamese).

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Everaarts, A.P.; Nguyen Van Dung,; Pham Van Hoi,

    2006-01-01

    The paper presents several recommendations for a better vegetable production in Dong Anh district, Hanoi city: improving nursery production; specializing an area for vegetables so that soil is not yearly disturbed; encouraging the uses of environmentally friendly pesticides such as pyrethroid and bi

  13. Študija literarnih likov v moderni korejski književnosti skozi izbrana dela Dong-in Kima

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Byoung Yoong KANG

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The article is a summary of a master’s thesis which deals with the characters in the literary works of Kim Dong-in (김동인 1900–1951, an important representative of modern Korean literature. In the twentieth century, new literary movements started to develop in Korea, introducing deviations from the established practices of writing, and the testing of new literary genres. It is within this context that the works of Kim Dong-in are to be classified and understood. The article discusses the three most important types of literary characters that appear in Kim Dong-in’s works. There are no strict boundaries between these types, as a character of one particular type may exhibit properties of another. It is however important to be aware that through such characters Kim Dong-in tries to express his own concepts and ideas about aesthetics and naturalism, and it is the emergence of such characters, previously unknown in Korean literature, that established him as a pioneer in this field.

  14. Detecting Long-term Trend of Water Quality Indices of Dong-gang River, Taiwan Using Quantile Regression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, D.; Shiau, J.

    2013-12-01

    ABSTRACT BODY: Abstract Surface water quality is an essential issue in water-supply for human uses and sustaining healthy ecosystem of rivers. However, water quality of rivers is easily influenced by anthropogenic activities such as urban development and wastewater disposal. Long-term monitoring of water quality can assess whether water quality of rivers deteriorates or not. Taiwan is a population-dense area and heavily depends on surface water for domestic, industrial, and agricultural uses. Dong-gang River is one of major resources in southern Taiwan for agricultural requirements. The water-quality data of four monitoring stations of the Dong-gang River for the period of 2000-2012 are selected for trend analysis. The parameters used to characterize water quality of rivers include biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), dissolved oxygen (DO), suspended solids (SS), and ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N). These four water-quality parameters are integrated into an index called river pollution index (RPI) to indicate the pollution level of rivers. Although widely used non-parametric Mann-Kendall test and linear regression exhibit computational efficiency to identify trends of water-quality indices, limitations of such approaches include sensitive to outliers and estimations of conditional mean only. Quantile regression, capable of identifying changes over time of any percentile values, is employed in this study to detect long-term trend of water-quality indices for the Dong-gang River located in southern Taiwan. The results show that Dong-gang River 4 stations from 2000 to 2012 monthly long-term trends in water quality.To analyze s Dong-gang River long-term water quality trends and pollution characteristics. The results showed that the bridge measuring ammonia Long-dong, BOD5 measure in that station on a downward trend, DO, and SS is on the rise, River Pollution Index (RPI) on a downward trend. The results form Chau-Jhou station also ahowed simialar trends .more and more near the

  15. The Cocos2d-x Application Development Technology Research Based on the Dynamic Scripting Language Lua%基于Lua动态脚本语言Cocos2d-x应用开发的技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马超; 马佳琳

    2015-01-01

    The Lua scripting language technology has brought the new heaven and earth for the development of Coco2d-x.Through the Lua scripting language development Cocos2d-x application,get rid of the tedious code of C/C++ development,makes the development of fast and efficient and can run on multiple platforms at the same time,the Lua scripting language can expand sex,can make it a good integration in the application.At the same time the Lua language become controller in development.Control the application logic and Coco2d-providing display functions of x and cross-platform features.Such development can dynamically modify the client not only bugs,but also dynamic update application content to avoid the update of customer churn.Free,small,fast,easy to transplant the Lua language reduces the development cost and guarantee the application performance.%Lua脚本语言技术给Coco2d-x开发,带来了新的天地.通过Lua脚本语言开发Cocos2d-x应用,摆脱了C/C++开发的繁琐代码,使得开发变得快速高效又能同时在多个平台运行,Lua脚本语言的可拓展性,可以使它很好的集成在应用程序中.同时Lua语言在开发成为控制器.控制应用程序的逻辑而Coco2d-x之提供显示功能和跨平台功能.这样开发不仅可以动态修改客户端BUG,而且还能动态更新应用内容避免了更新带来的客户流失.Lua语言免费、小巧、快速易移植降低了开发成本又保证了应用性能.

  16. An indoxyl compound 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl 1,3-diacetate, CAC-0982, suppresses activation of Fyn kinase in mast cells and IgE-mediated allergic responses in mice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Jun Ho [Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, Chungju 380-701 (Korea, Republic of); College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul 136-701 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Tae Hyung [College of Pharmacy, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Hyuk Soon; Kim, A-Ram [Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, Chungju 380-701 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Do-Kyun [Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, Chungju 380-701 (Korea, Republic of); Laboratory of Allergic Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD (United States); Nam, Seung Taek; Kim, Hyun Woo; Park, Young Hwan; Her, Erk; Park, Yeong Min [Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, Chungju 380-701 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Hyung Sik [College of Pharmacy, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Young Mi [College of Pharmacy, Duksung Women' s University, Seoul 132-714 (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Wahn Soo, E-mail: wahnchoi@kku.ac.kr [Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Konkuk University, Chungju 380-701 (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-06-15

    Mast cells, constituents of virtually all organs and tissues, are critical cells in IgE-mediated allergic responses. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect and mechanism of an indoxyl chromogenic compound, 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl 1,3-diacetate, CAC-0982, on IgE-mediated mast cell activation and allergic responses in mice. CAC-0982 reversibly suppressed antigen-stimulated degranulation in murine mast cells (IC{sub 50}, ~ 3.8 μM) and human mast cells (IC{sub 50}, ~ 3.0 μM). CAC-0982 also inhibited the expression and secretion of IL-4 and TNF-α in mast cells. Furthermore, CAC-0982 suppressed the mast cell-mediated allergic responses in mice in a dose-dependent manner (ED{sub 50} 27.9 mg/kg). As for the mechanism, CAC-0982 largely suppressed the phosphorylation of Syk and its downstream signaling molecules, including LAT, Akt, Erk1/2, p38, and JNK. Notably, the tyrosine kinase assay of antigen-stimulated mast cells showed that CAC-0982 inhibited Fyn kinase, one of the upstream tyrosine kinases for Syk activation in mast cells. Taken together, these results suggest that CAC-0982 may be used as a new treatment for regulating IgE-mediated allergic diseases through the inhibition of the Fyn/Syk pathway in mast cells. - Highlights: • The anti-allergic effect of 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl 1,3-diacetate, CAC-0982, was measured. • CAC-0982 reversibly suppressed the activation of mast cells by IgE and antigen. • CAC-0982 inhibited passive cutaneous anaphylaxis in mice. • CAC-0982 suppresses mast cells through inhibition of Fyn activation in mast cells.

  17. An indoxyl compound 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl 1,3-diacetate, CAC-0982, suppresses activation of Fyn kinase in mast cells and IgE-mediated allergic responses in mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mast cells, constituents of virtually all organs and tissues, are critical cells in IgE-mediated allergic responses. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect and mechanism of an indoxyl chromogenic compound, 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl 1,3-diacetate, CAC-0982, on IgE-mediated mast cell activation and allergic responses in mice. CAC-0982 reversibly suppressed antigen-stimulated degranulation in murine mast cells (IC50, ~ 3.8 μM) and human mast cells (IC50, ~ 3.0 μM). CAC-0982 also inhibited the expression and secretion of IL-4 and TNF-α in mast cells. Furthermore, CAC-0982 suppressed the mast cell-mediated allergic responses in mice in a dose-dependent manner (ED50 27.9 mg/kg). As for the mechanism, CAC-0982 largely suppressed the phosphorylation of Syk and its downstream signaling molecules, including LAT, Akt, Erk1/2, p38, and JNK. Notably, the tyrosine kinase assay of antigen-stimulated mast cells showed that CAC-0982 inhibited Fyn kinase, one of the upstream tyrosine kinases for Syk activation in mast cells. Taken together, these results suggest that CAC-0982 may be used as a new treatment for regulating IgE-mediated allergic diseases through the inhibition of the Fyn/Syk pathway in mast cells. - Highlights: • The anti-allergic effect of 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl 1,3-diacetate, CAC-0982, was measured. • CAC-0982 reversibly suppressed the activation of mast cells by IgE and antigen. • CAC-0982 inhibited passive cutaneous anaphylaxis in mice. • CAC-0982 suppresses mast cells through inhibition of Fyn activation in mast cells

  18. The influence hydrogen atom addition has on charge switching during motion of the metal atom in endohedral Ca@C60H4 isomers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raggi, G; Besley, E; Stace, A J

    2016-09-13

    Density functional theory has been applied in a study of charge transfer between an endohedral calcium atom and the fullerene cage in Ca@C60H4 and [Ca@C60H4](+) isomers. Previous calculations on Ca@C60 have shown that the motion of calcium within a fullerene is accompanied by large changes in electron density on the carbon cage. Based on this observation, it has been proposed that a tethered endohedral fullerene might form the bases of a nanoswitch. Through the addition of hydrogen atoms to one hemisphere of the cage it is shown that, when compared with Ca@C60, asymmetric and significantly reduced energy barriers can be generated with respect to motion of the calcium atom. It is proposed that hydrogen atom addition to a fullerene might offer a route for creating a bi-stable nanoswitch that can be fine-tuned through the selection of an appropriate isomer and number of atoms attached to the cage of an endohedral fullerene.This article is part of the themed issue 'Fullerenes: past, present and future, celebrating the 30th anniversary of Buckminster Fullerene'.

  19. The influence hydrogen atom addition has on charge switching during motion of the metal atom in endohedral Ca@C60H4 isomers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raggi, G; Besley, E; Stace, A J

    2016-09-13

    Density functional theory has been applied in a study of charge transfer between an endohedral calcium atom and the fullerene cage in Ca@C60H4 and [Ca@C60H4](+) isomers. Previous calculations on Ca@C60 have shown that the motion of calcium within a fullerene is accompanied by large changes in electron density on the carbon cage. Based on this observation, it has been proposed that a tethered endohedral fullerene might form the bases of a nanoswitch. Through the addition of hydrogen atoms to one hemisphere of the cage it is shown that, when compared with Ca@C60, asymmetric and significantly reduced energy barriers can be generated with respect to motion of the calcium atom. It is proposed that hydrogen atom addition to a fullerene might offer a route for creating a bi-stable nanoswitch that can be fine-tuned through the selection of an appropriate isomer and number of atoms attached to the cage of an endohedral fullerene.This article is part of the themed issue 'Fullerenes: past, present and future, celebrating the 30th anniversary of Buckminster Fullerene'. PMID:27501967

  20. 湖南通道染制侗布的民族植物学研究%Ethnobotanical research on the dying Dong cloth in Tongdao, Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘光华; 佘朝文; 曾汉元; 黄蔚霞; 马志尧; 罗健

    2012-01-01

    Dong nationality people have had the Dong cloth for hundreds of years. An ethnobotanical survey on the dying Dong cloth in Tongdao f Hunan Province, was carried out. The process of the dying Dong cloth was found to be very complicated and the plants used for the dying Dong cloth were different more or less among makers. The plants involved in the dying Dong cloth in Tongdao included 16 species,belonging to 14 families, 16 genera. All of them had some medicinal properties. Several plants were reported for the first time in the dying Dong cloth. The ethnobotanical knowledge of the dying Dong cloth had lost a lot in the villages. The further research is necessary.%侗族人民千百年来,一直从事侗布的染制.该文对湖南通道的侗布染制进行了详细的民族植物学研究,发现侗布的染制工艺繁杂,不同的人所用的植物有较大差异.侗布染制共涉及野生及栽培植物16种,分属14科16属.这些植物都有一定的药用功效,有些植物在染布中属首次报道.侗布染制的民族植物学知识在各个村寨流失严重,需要加强挖掘和整理.

  1. On the Safeguarding of Dong Ka Lau from the Love Song in Northern Dong Language%从侗族北部方言区玩山歌看侗族大歌的保护

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨先明

    2012-01-01

    The real crisis of Dong Ka Lau is the impact of modern civilization which led to the loss of its living soil,confused various safeguarding measures do not solve the safeguarding problems.The traditional love song in Northern Dong Language create new form one by melted and absorbed Han cultural elements,and that shows us the new ideas to safeguard Dong Ka Lau.%侗族大歌面临的真正危机,是现代文明的冲击致使其失去了生存的土壤;多声部纷杂的保护措施,并没有解决侗族大歌的保护问题;侗族北部方言区传统情歌以我为主融摄汉文化元素而创造的玩山歌,向我们显示了侗族大歌保护的新思路。

  2. Effects of Hypobaric Storage on Physiological and Biochemical Changes in Postharvest Dong Jujube Fruit During Cold Storage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XUE Meng-lin; ZHANG Ping; ZHANG Ji-shu; WANG Li

    2003-01-01

    Effects of hypobaric storage on physiological and biochemical changes in Dong jujube fruit wereinvestigated. Hypobaric storage significantly delayed the decrease in firmness and maintained content of ascor-bic acid, reduced accumulation of ethanol and acetaldehyde in pulp and respiration, inhibited activities of as-corbic acid oxidase and alcohol dehydrogenase and slowed down the rate of ethylene production, but had littleeffect on flesh browning of the fruit.

  3. A remarkable new species of Coeliccia from the Tuyen Lam Lake area, Lam Dong, southern Vietnam (Odonata: Zygoptera: Platycnemididae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dow, Rory A

    2016-01-01

    Coeliccia suoitia sp. nov. (holotype ♂, from Suoi Tia, Tuyen Lam Lake, Da Lat, Lam Dong Province, Vietnam, deposited in RMNH) is described from males from southern Vietnam. It is a distinctive species that possess highly unusual characters in the thorax and anal appendages that make its ultimate generic placement questionable. Relationships between Coeliccia Kirby, Asthenocnemis Lieftinck and Indocnemis Laidlaw, and within Coeliccia, are briefly discussed. PMID:27394751

  4. On the Melody Types between the North and the South Dong Folks%南北侗族民歌的旋律类型探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏金梅

    2014-01-01

    South and North Dong Minority , the two branches of Dong , have remarkable differences in the music style of folk songs . South Dong'folk song is mild and obscure while North Dong'folk song is lyric and straightforward . The formation of their differences is closely related to their melody types :the melody type of South Dong's folk song is mainly small wave while the melody type of North Dong's folk song is with ups and small wave ;though both South and North Dong's folk songs enjoy small wave type , there are differences in the music development mode of small wave type . The differences of melody types in South and North Dong's folk songs are connected with their own cultural ecology , i . e , the differences of South and North Dong area's ecological and cultural environment mold out the characteristics of South and North Dong's folk song which is reflected in their different melody types .%南、北侗族作为侗族旗下的两个分支,在民歌音乐风格方面差别显著:南侗民歌平和、含蓄,北侗民歌抒情、直白。这种差异的形成与二者的旋律类型存有紧密联系:南侗民歌的旋律类型仅以小波浪式为主,北侗民歌以跌宕式与小波浪式两种类型为主;南北侗族民歌虽都喜好小波浪式,但二者的小波浪式在音乐发展模式上也不同。而南、北侗族民歌旋律类型的差异正好与彼此所处的文化生态是相互耦合的,也即是说,南、北侗族地区生态文化环境的差异模塑出南北侗族民歌的特性,这一特性在其民歌的旋律类型中得以表现。

  5. 东阿县农村集体土地所有权确权发证探析%Brief Introduction to Right Certification of Rural Collective Ownership in Dong'e County

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈玉林; 赵云龙

    2013-01-01

      以东阿县为研究区域,在全国第二次土地调查基础上,利用原有影像及资料,再通过实地勘察,进行权属调查。采用SDCORS、网络GPS RTK技术和全站仪等技术和硬件完成了地籍测量。通过协调土地所有权人和各级政府部门,颁发了土地所有权证;最后建立了土地所有权数据库。%Setting Dong'e county as the study area, on the basis of the second national land survey , using original images and data, and through field survey, ownership investigation has been carried out .By using SDCORS, net-work GPS RTK technology and total station technology and hardware , cadastral survey has been finished .Through the coordination of land ownership and government departments at all levels , land ownership certificates have been progulated, and a database of land ownership has been set up .

  6. NREL and DONG Energy Collaboration for Grid Simulator Controls and Testing: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA Number CRD-13-527

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gevorgian, Vahan [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2016-05-01

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and DONG Energy are interested in collaborating for the development of control algorithms, modeling, and grid simulator testing of wind turbine generator systems involving NWTC's advanced Controllable Grid Interface (CGI). NREL and DONG Energy will work together to develop control algorithms, models, test methods, and protocols involving NREL's CGI, as well as appropriate data acquisition systems for grid simulation testing. The CRADA also includes work on joint publication of results achieved from modeling and testing efforts. Further, DONG Energy will send staff to NREL on a long-term basis for collaborative work including modeling and testing. NREL will send staff to DONG Energy on a short-term basis to visit wind power sites and participate in meetings relevant to this collaborative effort. DOE has provided NREL with over 10 years of support in developing custom facilities and capabilities to enable testing of full-scale integrated wind turbine drivetrain systems in accordance with the needs of the US wind industry. NREL currently operates a 2.5MW dynamometer and is in the processes of commissioning a 5MW dynamometer and a grid simulator (referred to as a 'Controllable Grid Interface' or CGI). DONG Energy is the market leader in offshore wind power development, with currently over 1 GW of on- and offshore wind power in operation, and 1.3 GW under construction. DONG Energy has on-going R&D projects involving high voltage DC (HVDC) transmission.

  7. Evaluating origins and water seepage rates at the subdam A of the Dong Mo reservoir using environmental isotope technique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Environmental isotope techniques have been world-widely used for investigating origins and the rates of the seepage - leakage water at reservoir dams. We have conducted a research on the use of environmental isotope techniques for evaluating the origin of the seepage water and the seepage rate at the sub dam A of the Dong Mo reservoir. The main works were collecting water samples, analyzing for 18O/16O, 2H(D)/1H ratios, analyzing for 3H(T) and chemical contents. Findings of the project showed that: a) Waters at the piezometers on the top and the 1st roof are not originated from lake water; b) Waters at the piezometers on 1st and 2nd levels, as well as seepage waters at the dam toe are mixed of lake and ground waters, and the old river bed could be the channel for ground water upcoming from beneath the dam body; c) The transit times of water from the lake to the observation points are from 3 to 4 months, and the seepage velocity is of about 1.1x10-3 cm/s; d) The findings from tritium analyses show that all waters around the Dong Mo area are recent waters recharged regularly by meteoric water. (author)

  8. OPTIMIZACIÓN DE REDES 3G UTILIZANDO ALGORITMOS CONTROL DE ADMISIÓN DE LLAMADA (CAC Y REORGANIZACIÓN DE CARGA (LDR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darío Fernando Romo Cabrera

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta el comportamiento de los algoritmos control de admisión de llamada CAC y reorganización de la carga LDR. Se  analizan dos escenarios donde son utilizados para mejorar el rendimiento de la red 3G. En el primero de ellos se presenta un caso de congestión de potencia en el uplink y en el segundo se analiza el nivel de congestión de elementos de canal CE en el uplink.

  9. Speech at the Meeting Commemorating the 50th Anniversary of Chairman MAO Ze-dong's Important Instruction on Western Medicine Doctors Learning Traditional Chinese Medicine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Zhu

    2009-01-01

    @@ Respected leaders, distinguished guests, venerable seniors and comrades, Today, the Meeting Commemorating the 50th Anniversary of Chairman MAO Ze-dong's Important Instructions on Western Medicine Doctors Learning Traditional Chinese Medicine was inaugurated by the Chinese Association of Integrative Medicine, and it is also an important occasion to review the past and look forward to the future.

  10. Half-metallic ferromagnetism in zinc-blende CaC , SrC , and BaC from first principles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, G. Y.; Yao, K. L.; Şaşıoǧlu, E.; Sandratskii, L. M.; Liu, Z. L.; Jiang, J. L.

    2007-05-01

    Using the first-principles full-potential linearized augmented plane-wave method based on density functional theory, we have investigated the electronic structure and magnetism of hypothetical M C ( M=Mg , Ca, Sr, and Ba) compounds with the zinc-blende (ZB) crystal structure. It is shown that ZB CaC , SrC , and BaC are half-metallic ferromagnets with large half-metallic gaps (up to 0.83eV ). The half metallicity is found to be robust with respect to the lattice compression and is maintained up to the lattice-constant contraction of 14%, 13%, and 9% for CaC , SrC , and BaC , respectively. The exchange interactions in these compounds are studied using the augmented spherical wave method in conjunction with the frozen-magnon approach. The Curie temperature is estimated within both the mean field approximation and the random phase approximation. The predicted Curie temperatures of all three half-metallic compounds considerably exceed the room temperature. The large half-metallic gaps, the robustness of the half metallicity with respect to the lattice contraction, and the high Curie temperatures make these systems interesting candidates for applications in spintronic devices. The absence of the transition-metal atoms makes these compounds important model systems for the study of the origin and properties of the half-metallic ferromagnetism of s-p electron systems.

  11. Low pH cements based on CAC for underground repositories of HLW: long-term hydration and resistance against ground water aggression

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cementitious materials play an important role in the structural stability and integrity of a purpose built repository for the geological disposal of high level waste. However, the expected generation of an alkaline plume from the concrete by the ingress of groundwater would have detrimental effects on the intended use of a bentonite buffer. To limit this risk, low-pH cementitious materials are being developed to have a target pH < 11 corresponding to the upper stability limit of bentonite. This paper deals with the modifications generated in the chemical composition of the pore solutions of low-pH cement pastes based on Calcium Aluminates Cements (CAC) and in their solid phases after 2 years of hydration. The results show a high stability of the solid phases formed in short-term (90 days). The main modifications in the pore solution composition and in the solid phases occur before 90 days of hydration and, after that, their properties keep quite stable. This paper also deals with the resistance of these low-pH cementitious materials to long-term groundwater aggression using two types of aggressive agents: deionized water and groundwater from the real site of Aespoe (Sweden). Low-pH concretes based on CAC plus silica fume have been evaluated. It appears that their behaviour depends on the leaching agent composition but, with the 2 agents tested in this work, the produced low-pH concretes show a good resistance

  12. Influence of Water Temperature and Salinity on PH During Dry Season in Lower Dong Nai River System, Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dung Dang Quoc

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper uses the gvSIG 2.2.0 software, IDW interpolation method, river and stream network data, and 36 sampling sites to build the maps of three monitored parameters such as pH, water temperature, and salinity in the Lower Dong Nai River system (2009-2010 in dry season. Based on an analysis of these maps and statistical assessment by using the R software, the correlations between pH, temperature, and salinity are clarified. The results show that the pH and temperature values have a tendency to decrease, whereas the salinity tends to increase annually. The pH value has good and significant correlations with the water temperature and salinity in both simple and multiple linear regression models. The results aim to provide a scientific reference for further research on the water environment in this area.

  13. Research on the use of environmental isotopes technique for safety assessment of the Dong-mo reservoir

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To help end-users generate information on the rate and origin of the seepage - leakage water of the sub dam A (FA) of the Dong-mo reservoir we have conducted a research project in the 2005-2006 period. The experiences gained in this project are needed for recommending further use in other reservoirs. The main works were collecting water samples, analyzing for 18O/16O, 2H(D)/1H ratios, analyzing for 3H(T) and chemical contents, then drawing conclusions about the origin of the seepage water and the seepage rate at the dam FA. Findings of the project showed that: a) Waters at the piezometers on the top and the 1st roof are not originated from lake water; b) Waters at the piezometers on 1st and 2nd levels, as well as seepage - leakage waters at the dam toe are mixed of lake and ground waters, and the old river bed could be the channel for ground water upcoming from beneath the dam body; c) The transit times of water from the lake to the observation points are from 3 to 4 months, and the velocity is of about 1.1x10-3 cm/s; d) The findings from tritium analyses show that all waters around the Dong-mo area are recent waters recharged regularly by meteoric water. Based on the findings of the project we have recommended that the environmental isotope technique be applied for further investigations of origin of leakage and seepage water at other dams. (author)

  14. Innovation Exploration on Settlement of Dong Minority in Guangxi%广西侗族聚落的创新探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱涛

    2013-01-01

    Nowadays many settlements of original ecology are damaged to different extents and the traditional regional features are steadily disappearing, so urbanization characters are influenced to some extent. The exploration on the cultural connotation and technical essence of the settlements of Dong minority in Guangxi is aimed at strengthening the protection,development and innovation of the settlements of Dong minority.%现在许多原生态的聚落遭到不同程度的损毁,城乡风貌日渐趋同,传统的地域个性逐渐淡化,一定程度上影响了城镇化的特色。该文通过探索广西侗族聚落的文化内涵和技术本质,旨在推动侗族聚落的保护、发展与创新。

  15. 《搜神记》董永故事的历史书写%Historical Writing of Dong Yong Story in Search of the Supernatural

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王军明

    2014-01-01

    干宝对于董永故事的历史书写主要体现在对汉代诸多社会信息的展示,而个别叙事要素的变更使得《搜神记》中的董永故事增添了如许美好。织女出场时间的变更不仅增添了董永美德的内涵,而且完成了对于汉代政治的反讽,同时也写出了社会文化对于个人生存空间的挤压。%Gan Bao’s historical writing of Dong Yong story is mainly reflected in the Han dynasty’s social information display, and changes of some narrative elements make the Dong Yong story in Search of the Supernatural so much better. The change of Vega’s show-up time not only adds to the connotation of virtue of Dong Yong, but also realizes the political irony to Han dynasty, reflecting the extrusion of social culture for personal living space.

  16. Environmental hazard mapping using GIS and AHP – A case study of Dong Trieu District in Quang Ninh Province, Vietnam

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In recent years, Vietnamese economy has been growing up rapidly and caused serious environmental quality plunging, especially in industrial and mining areas. It brings an enormous threat to a socially sustainable development and the health of human beings. Environmental quality assessment and protection are complex and dynamic processes, since it involves spatial information from multi-sector, multi-region and multi-field sources and needs complicated data processing. Therefore, an effective environmental protection information system is needed, in which considerable factors hidden in the complex relationships will become clear and visible. In this paper, the authors present the methodology which was used to generate environmental hazard maps which are applied to the integration of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Geographical Information system (GIS). We demonstrate the results that were obtained from the study area in Dong Trieu district. This research study has contributed an overall perspective of environmental quality and identified the devastated areas where the administration urgently needs to establish an appropriate policy to improve and protect the environment

  17. Discussing the Literary Thoughts of Dong Xi' s Novels%论东西小说的文学思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚兰

    2015-01-01

    Dong Xi is a famous late born generation writer.Under the guidance of unique literature thoughts, he has written repositories of thought-provoking literary works, making him the leader of the contempo-rary literature of Guangxi.In the creation, he advocated to expose the reality, look straight into the inner world of people, without forgetting innovation at the same time.Behind his ridiculous and funny words, he never forgets to display the power of tragedy.In addition, he prefers to writing of caricature style, always trying to use the most ex-aggerated strokes to reach readers' mind.%晚生代作家东西在独特文学思想的指引下,写出了一部部令人深思的作品,使其成为当代广西文坛的领军人物. 在创作中,他主张揭露现实,直视人的内心世界,同时又不忘创新. 在他荒诞、滑稽的文字背后,却总不忘张扬悲剧的力量,而他偏向于漫画式的写作方式,总是试图用最夸张的笔法来触及读者的心灵.

  18. Environmental hazard mapping using GIS and AHP - A case study of Dong Trieu District in Quang Ninh Province, Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anh, N. K.; Phonekeo, V.; My, V. C.; Duong, N. D.; Dat, P. T.

    2014-02-01

    In recent years, Vietnamese economy has been growing up rapidly and caused serious environmental quality plunging, especially in industrial and mining areas. It brings an enormous threat to a socially sustainable development and the health of human beings. Environmental quality assessment and protection are complex and dynamic processes, since it involves spatial information from multi-sector, multi-region and multi-field sources and needs complicated data processing. Therefore, an effective environmental protection information system is needed, in which considerable factors hidden in the complex relationships will become clear and visible. In this paper, the authors present the methodology which was used to generate environmental hazard maps which are applied to the integration of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Geographical Information system (GIS). We demonstrate the results that were obtained from the study area in Dong Trieu district. This research study has contributed an overall perspective of environmental quality and identified the devastated areas where the administration urgently needs to establish an appropriate policy to improve and protect the environment.

  19. Is the Dark Side of the Moon Ever Illuminated by the Sun? (Breton Title: O Lado Escuro da Lua Nunca Apanha Sol?) El Lado Oscuro de la Luna Nunca Toma Sol?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giovannini, Odilon; Pellenz, Daiana; Catelli, Francisco

    2014-07-01

    This work presents the elaboration of an answer to the question "Is the dark side of the moon ever illuminated by the sun?", in which issues related to the students' conceptions, how they arise, and the core elements that constitute a "good answer" are considered. These issues are initially elaborated from a literature review of the research in the field; then, and also based on this review, a didactic model that involves the relative motions of the Earth - Moon - Sun system is proposed. A description of the application of this model in a learning environment within middle school students is described. This work confirms the students' initial concepts described in the literature; on the other hand, the questions asked by students during the activity provide evidence that meaningful learning, at least to some degree, has occurred. Este trabalho apresenta a elaboração de uma resposta à pergunta "O lado escuro da Lua nunca apanha sol?" na qual são consideradas questões relacionadas às concepções iniciais dos alunos, de onde elas surgem e os elementos centrais que constituem uma "boa resposta". Essas questões são tratadas, inicialmente, a partir de uma revisão da literatura sobre pesquisas na área e, em seguida, também com base nessa revisão, um objeto modelo didático que envolve os movimentos relativos do sistema Terra - Lua - Sol é proposto. Uma descrição detalhada da aplicação deste modelo em um ambiente de aprendizagem com alunos do ensino fundamental é relatada. As concepções iniciais apresentadas na literatura se confirmam e os questionamentos feitos pelos estudantes por ocasião da aplicação do modelo fornecem indícios de que uma aprendizagem significativa, pelo menos em algum grau, ocorreu. El artículo se presenta el desarrollo de una respuesta a la pregunta "¿El lado oscuro de la luna nunca toma sol?", en la que se consideran algunas cuestiones vinculadas que se refieren a las concepciones iniciales de los estudiantes, dónde surgen

  20. A Proposed Activity for a Meaningful Learning about the Moon Phases. (Breton Title: Uma Proposta de Atividade Para a Aprendizagem Significativa sobre as Fases da Lua.) Una Actividad Propuesta Para EL Aprendizaje Significativo Acerca de Las Fases de la Luna

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, Bruno Andrade; Langhi, Rodolfo

    2012-12-01

    This paper presents one of the concepts of Astronomy and its consequent failure in teaching this topic in high school, even when the official documents point out the necessity of Astronomy teaching at this school level. Among the spontaneous conceptions in Astronomy that high school students carry with them, even after the end of the school, we emphasized in this research the Moon phases. The development of different strategies in relation to traditional methods, aimed to teaching-learning process on this topic was considered in this study. These strategies were devised based on the reference frame of the Meaningful Learning, as elaborated by Ausubel. The proposals presented here include the active participation of students in experimental activities and other didactic activities, for their continuous evaluation during the process. These activities finished with a Comics elaboration about the Moon phases. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to present a proposal for differentiated teaching activity about Moon phases supported by the theoretical principles of Meaningful Learning at Physics classes. Este texto foca um dos conteúdos de Astronomia e a consequente falha no ensino deste tema no ensino médio, apesar de os documentos oficiais apresentarem a necessidade de se trabalhar a Astronomia neste nível de ensino. Dentre as concepções alternativas em Astronomia que os alunos do ensino médio carregam consigo, mesmo após o término dos estudos, destacamos, nesta pesquisa, o fenômeno das fases da Lua. O desenvolvimento de estratégias diferenciadas em relação ao ensino tradicional, visando o processo de ensino-aprendizagem sobre este tema, foi contemplado neste trabalho como um dos resultados obtidos sob a luz dos referenciais da aprendizagem significativa, fundamentados em Ausubel. Segundo a proposta aqui apresentada, a participação ativa dos alunos na execução de uma atividade experimental e outras atividades didáticas, que visam sua cont

  1. Combined use of stable isotopes and fallout radionuclides for assessing soil erosion and land degradation in Lam Dong region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fallout radionuclides 7Be and 137Cs were used to assess soil erosion rates at 90 sites within a 270 km2 catchment in Lam dong province. Soil erosion rates varied in a wide range and depended significantly on the slope, crops and farming practices. The rates ranged from 0.5 t ha-1y-1 to 14 t ha-1y-1 for forest land, from 5 t ha-1y-1 to 39 t ha-1y-1 for perennial crops and from 6 t ha-1y-1 to 42 t ha-1y-1 for annual crops. In areas with the same slope, the soil erosion rate was the highest for cashew plantations, lower for mulberry field and the lowest for tea or coffee plantations. Soil erosion had resulted in losing a significant quantity of plant nutrients such as OM, N, P2O5 and K2O every year, of which OM was lost up to 1435 kg ha-1 y-1 for annual crops and 1736 kg ha-1 y-1 for perennial crop land. Owing to soil erosion, the catchment has lost about 211200 tons of surface soil per year during last 50 years, corresponding to the rate of 7.8 t ha-1 y-1. The compound-specific stable isotopes technique was used for identifying sediment sources accumulated in Ham Thuan reservoir. The contribution of natural forest, planted forest, tea plantation, coffee plantation and annual crop lands to Ham Thuan reservoir sediment was 5%, 6%, 17%, 66% and 6% respectively. (author)

  2. HLA polymorphism of the Zhuang population reflects the common HLA characteristics among Zhuang-Dong language-speaking populations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li SHI; Katsushi TOKUNAGA; Jia-you CHU; Xiao-qin HUANG; Lei SHI; Yu-fen TAO; Yu-feng YAO; Liang YU; Ke-qin LIN; Wen YI; Hao SUN

    2011-01-01

    A study of the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genetic characteristics in the Zhuang, the largest ethnic population in China, would provide insight into Zhuang history and give a useful tool for disease associations, transplantation, and anthropology. In the present study, we report the comprehensive HLA-A, HLA-B, HLA-C, and HLA-DRB1 alleles and haplotypes in the Zhuang population of southern China for the first time. A total of 13 HLA-A, 24 HLA-B, 22 HLA-C, and 18 HLA-DRB1 were identified in 104 Zhuang individuals. The frequencies of HLA-A*11:01, A*02:07, A*24:02, A*02:03, and A*33:03 on A loci, B*15:02, B*58:01, B*46:01, and B*13:01 on B loci, C*03:04, C*08:01, C*01:02, C*03:02, and C*07:02 on C loci, and DRB1*15:01, DRB1*16:02, DRB1*14:01, DRB1*15:02, and DRB1*03:01 on the DRB1 loci were >10%. The A*33:03-C*03:02-B*58:01-DRB1*03:01 and A*02:07-C*01:02-B*46:01-DRB1*14:01 haplotypes were predominant in the Zhuang. The phylogenetic tree, as well as the analysis of haplotypes, suggested that the Zhuang are genetically similar to southern Chinese populations, especially the Zhuang-Dong language-speaking populations, such as the Bouyei, Dai, and Maonan. Even though the Zhuang and southern Chinese populations shared common alleles and haplotypes, the Zhuang has maintained its unique genetic characteristics.

  3. Fresh cut yellow melon (CAC submitted to different type cuts and concentrations of calcion chloride stored under modified passive atmosphereMelão amarelo (CAC minimamente processado submetido a diferentes cortes e concentrações de cloreto de cálcio armazenado em atmosfera modificada passiva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogério Lopes Vieites

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work was to evaluate the quality of yellow melon inodorus Valenciano Amarelo (CAC fresh cut submitted to two cut types and with application postharvest of calcium chloride. After preparation cubes and slices melon were immersed in solution with different calcium chloride (CaCl2 concentrations for two minutes, afterwards they were conditioned in trays of expanded polystyrene (EPS, covered by plastic film of low density polyethylene (PEBD, stored in cold camera to 5°C ±1 and analyzed for 8 days. They were evaluated pH, firmness, tritable acidity (AT, soluble solids (SS sugar reducer and ratio. The pH values varied from 5.27 to 5.68. The sugars reducers content and the ratio were superior in the slices compared to the cubes. The melon slices maintained larger firmness values compared to the cubes and in general there was reduction in the values of this parameter along the storage period for all treatments. Concentrations of 1.0 and 1.5% of CaCl2, result in larger values of firmness. The storage temperature and modified passive atmosphere they contributed to quality maintenance of MP melon. Concentrations of up to 1.0% of CaCl2 they could be recommended to maintain the melon quality MP melon yellow inodorus (CAC.Objetivou-se neste trabalho avaliar a qualidade de melão amarelo inodorus (cultivar Valenciano Amarelo CAC minimamente processado (MP submetido a dois tipos de corte e com aplicação pós-colheita de cloreto de cálcio. Após preparo cubos e fatias de melão foram imersos em solução com diferentes concentrações de cloreto de cálcio (CaCl2 por dois minutos, sendo em seguida acondicionados em bandejas de poliestireno expandido (EPS, revestidas por filme plástico de polietileno de baixa densidade (PEBD, armazenados em câmara fria a 5°C ±1 e analisadas durante 8 dias. Foram avaliados pH, firmeza, acidez titulável (AT, sólidos solúveis (SS, açúcar redutor e ratio. Os valores de pH variaram de 5,27 a 5,68. O teor

  4. On the Hierarchy Issue of the Dong Kuantci Culture%议侗族款词文化的层次性论题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何飞; 张琪亚

    2014-01-01

    款词作为侗族社会“标志性文化”之一,是侗族传统文化的传承载体。在历史发展进程中,其不断融入新的内容、形式和题材,从一种极为简单粗糙、缺乏节律感及内容的状态向新型、内容丰富、韵律感及节奏感强烈的状态发展。对款词文化层次性进行探析,可以更具体形象地呈现款词的实际存在状态,同时回归到对款词范畴的界定上,为厘清款词的基本内涵及其外延问题做一些尝试。%Kuantci,as one important symbolic culture of the Dong society,is an inheritance carrier of the Dong traditional culture. During the progress of historical development,KUANG CI is constantly absorbed the new content,forms and subject matter,moving through a progression from a very naive and simple style which was poor in the sense of rhythm and content towards a new one with rich content and sense of rhythm,leaving a rich cultural heritage to future generations. By discussing the hierarchy of the Kuantci culture,this paper is intended to present the more idiographic,visual image of Kuantci existence state,and return to the word category definition to find a new way of clarifying the basic connotation and extension of Dong regulation.

  5. Morality Given Priority over Penalty: Dong Zhongshu's Thoughts of Governing a Country%德主刑辅:董仲舒的治国理政之道

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴光

    2015-01-01

    董仲舒在西汉王朝统治思想从尊道向尊儒转型中起到了关键性历史作用.董仲舒的王道论包括了"改制更化"的政治改革思想,"德主刑辅"的治国理政战略,"人性三分"的人性论和"民性待教而为善"的道德教化论.董仲舒的"德主刑辅"王道论,是一种以"春秋公羊学"形态出现的"政治经学",它不仅决定着汉魏今文经学的发展方向,而且给予古文经学的政治伦理哲学以重要影响,这便是董氏政治经学的历史性贡献.%Dong Zhongshu played a crucial historical role in the transition of the governing thoughts from honouring Taoism to Confucianism in the Western Han Dynasty. His governing thoughts include the political reform thought of "system reform", the governing strategy of "morality given priority over penalty", the thought of "three-aspect division of human nature" and the moral teaching thought of "good from teaching". Dong Zhongshu's governing thought of "morality given priority over penalty" is a kind of "political science" in the form of "Gongyang Commentary on Spring and Autumn Annals", which not only determined the development direction of the New Text Confucianism in the Han and Wei Dynasties but also had a great influence on the political ethic philosophy of the Old Text Confucianism, and this is Dong Zhongshu's historical contribution to political science.

  6. SCADA系统在英东油田的应用%The application of SCADA system in YingDong oilfield

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴朋; 牟红菊

    2014-01-01

    This article introduced the deifnition of SCADA system an d oil ifeld the importance of the construction of SCADA system, and lists the YingDong oilifeld SCADA system composition and conifguration, as well as the effect of its successful application.%本文介绍了SCADA系统的定义以及油田SCADA系统建设的重要性,并列举了英东油田SCADA系统的构成及配置,以及其成功应用的效果。

  7. Design and Implementation of a Low Power Instruction Cache%一种低功耗指令 Cac he的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑新建; 田泽; 张骏

    2015-01-01

    指令Cache的功耗主要源于Cache对数据存储器和标志存储器的访问。结合处理器的分支预测技术,利用处理器顺序执行指令时,对Cache标志存储器的空闲时间进行标志存储器预访问,能够在不降低Cache性能的同时,减少标志存储器和数据存储器的访问,降低Cache的功率消耗。提出了一种低功耗指令Cache的设计方法———BPPA ,结合了处理器分支预测技术与Cache预防问技术来降低指令Cache的功耗。实现结果表明,与未使用BPPA技术的指令Cache相比,针对不同典型应用可以减少指令Cache功耗平均30%左右。%The main power consumption of instruction cache comes from the access to data memory and tag memory . Access to tag memory need only once per line during sequential execution .The branch prediction and Cache Pre‐access can reduce the access to tag memory and data memory significantly .The method can reduce cache power while retaining its performance .A Branch Prediction and Cache Pre‐access(BPPA) method is presented in this paper to reduce the cache power consumption . The power simulation result shows it can reduce about 30% power consumption with different applications .

  8. 浅谈《侗族民间文学》的教学改革策略%A brief account of farming wisdom of Dong traditional culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨子奇

    2015-01-01

    Dong traditional culture has accumulated much survival wisdom among people, between man and nature, but strangers know very little about it. For the particular background of the agrarian age of human society, the paper combines with Maslow's hierarchy of needs and makes a detailed analysis on the wisdom of Dong traditional culture from acquiring food, obtaining safety, developing social activities, improving the environment to passing on technical skills and so on.%侗族民间文学在时下的新媒体时代,正遭遇着曲解和冷落的困境。文章针对当前的状况提出了利用新媒体的优势,创设情境教学,还原民间文学本质等措施和办法,引导学生关注和加强对侗族民间文学的学习和了解,增强主动学习的成效。

  9. 评侗族大歌音乐诗剧《行歌坐月》%Review of the Dong Chorus Musical Drama-Song and Moon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅安辉; 吴媛姣; 吴文梅

    2015-01-01

    《行歌坐月》是首个登上国家大剧院的侗族题材剧目。侗族大歌音乐诗剧《行歌坐月》在京首演成功,再一次证明了民族传统文化艺术可以焕发艺术新生。侗戏文化唯有扬弃和吐故纳新,才具有鲜活的生命力和欣欣向荣的发展前景。侗族大歌音乐诗剧《行歌坐月》作为探索传统与现代创作联手的范式,无疑是保护民族传统文化的新途径,更是探索发展民族文化产业的开路先锋。%Song and Moon is the first Dong theme drama to reach the national theatre, In Beijing,the successful premiere of the Dong Chorus Musical Drama—Song and Moon proved again that the national traditional culture and arts can be full of art renaissance, As a traditional paradigm in conjunction with modern creation,the drama is undoubtedly the new approach to protecting the national traditional cul-ture and the pioneer as well in exploring the development of the ethnic culture industry as.

  10. 论毛泽东社会分层理论的多元标准%On the multiple standard of Mao Ze-dong social stratification theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李桃英

    2013-01-01

      The analysis of Mao Ze-dong on Chinese social class, not just the use of class division standard of Marxism, also uses dual or multiple stratification standards according to the needs of revolution and social construction in different periods. To understand the social stratification standard of Mao Ze-dong can help us understand structure of today's society, in favor of resolving conflicts, integrate social forces, construct a well-off society in an all-round way.%  毛泽东对中国社会阶层的分析,不只是运用了马克思主义的阶级划分标准,还根据不同时期革命和社会建设的需要使用了双元或多元分层标准。了解毛泽东的社会分层标准可以帮助认识当今社会的结构层次,有利于化解社会矛盾,整合社会力量,建设全面小康社会。

  11. 从鼓楼看侗族的民族认同%Dong People’s Ethnic Identification Manifesting through the Drum-Tower

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴大旬; 刘慧

    2014-01-01

    As the typical building of Dong people, the drum-towers play a very important role in their social life. Practices such as entertainments, celebrations, festivals, visits and meetings, living and producing, can not do without the drum-towers. A drum-tower, with its strong ethnic cohesive force, is a representative symbol of Dong people and its construction forms, functions and denotations all demonstrate a strong sense of ethnic identity.%鼓楼是侗族的标志性建筑,在侗族社会中发挥着非常重要的作用。无论是娱乐欢庆、节日活动,还是迎宾送客、生产生活等,都离不开鼓楼。鼓楼具有极强的民族凝聚力,是侗族显著的标识性符号,其建筑式样、功能作用、寓意等都展示了侗族强烈的民族认同感。

  12. Differentiating and Analyzing the Concept of Dong Qichang' "Literati' s Painting"%董其昌“文人之画”观念辨析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐卫萍

    2012-01-01

    董其昌开列的“文人之画”的系谱以及他的“南北宗论”与他的同时代人的不同之处在于,有两个标准在他的系谱中起到结构性的支撑作用,一是师法造化,二是以画为乐。有此关口,“多寿”之说也成为他对绘画的一种极具个人性的表达。董其昌以个人的趣味和体悟重新结构绘画发展的历史,体现了他自开堂庑的雄心。%What differs Dong Qichang's "Literati's Painting" and "Theory of the Southern and Northern Schools" from his peer's works is that, there are two standards providing structural supports for his genealogy. One is "following the nature"; the other is "drawing for joy". Meanwhile, longevity has become a personal expression of him reflecting his mentality for Chinese painting. Dong Qichang reconstructed the history of Chinese painting, reflecting his ambition of creating a new style of his own.

  13. [Textual research on Guang dong xin yu (New Sayings of Guangdong) quoted in Ben cao gang mu shi yi (Supplements to Compendium of Materia Medica].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ruixian; Zhang, Wei; Li, Jian; Liang, Fei

    2014-05-01

    Altogether 15 terms for Guang dong xin yu (New Sayings of Guangdong) were used in Ben cao gang mu shi yi (Supplements to Compendium of Materia Medica), including Yue yu (Cantonese sayings), Chong yu (Sayings from Insect Drug), Jie yu (Sayings from Crustacean Drug), Xin yu (New Sayings), Yue hai xiang yu (Fragrant Sayings from Cantonese Region), Yue zhi mu yu (Sayings from Plants in Cantonese Annals), Guang dong suo yu (Trivial Sayings from Guangdong), Yue shan lu (Records of Cantonese Mountains), Yue lu (Cantonese Records), Jiao guang lu (Joint Guangdong Records), Yue cao zhi (Records of Cantonese Grasses), Guang guo lu (Records of Guangdong Fruits), Nan yue suo ji (Trivial Records of Southern Canton), Guang zhi (Guangdong Records), Yue zhi (Cantonese Records) etc. dealing with 57 sorts of drugs (with individual overlapping ones), the author of Xin yu was Qu Dajun, a surviving fogy of the Ming Dynasty actively involved in the activities to restore the old dynasty and resist the Qing Dynasty, and was persecuted in the literary inquisition in which his works were burnt so that Zhao Xuemin, when quoting his texts, had to go in a roundabout way. PMID:25208840

  14. Learning game AI programming with Lua

    CERN Document Server

    Young, David

    2014-01-01

    If you are a game developer or a general programmer who wishes to focus on programming systems and techniques to build your game AI without creating low-level interfaces in a game engine, then this book is for you. Knowledge of C++ will come in handy to debug the entirety of the AI sandbox and expand on the features present within the book, but it is not required.

  15. Association analysis datamining the compatibility regulations of Li Dong Yuan' s formula of spleen and stomach%东垣脾胃方配伍规律之关联分析评述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈波; 蒋永光; 胡波; 刘娟

    2004-01-01

    Summary:Analyzing systemically more than 550 Li Dong Yuan's formula of spleen and stomach by using the asso ciation rule to mine the information relativity between formula, herbal medicine and syndrome. From this we can study better the compatibility regulations of the TCM

  16. 董仲舒和奥古斯丁本体比较管窥%Brief Probe into Comparing the Ontology of Dong Zhongshu with That of Augustine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵全

    2016-01-01

    董仲舒与奥古斯丁的本体——天与上帝存在许多相通相异之处.相通之处,在于两者都运用了理性的思辨方法,将本体划分为三个结构;而相异之处,则是董仲舒强调人的行为,天只是以人事为依归出现,而天人关系在"天人感应"中达到圆融,因此董仲舒的"天"是一个融通的大而化之的存在,并没有强烈的本体结构;奥古斯丁则是将上帝看做人的根本,而不是相反,因此,奥古斯丁更突出地构建了上帝的三位一体的本体结构.两者的比较体现了中西方思想的不同路径,即中国的思想是人文色彩的形上路径,不具备严格的本体论思维,西方则是神本色彩的本体路径,具备强烈的本体思辨特色.%The ontology of Dong Zhongshu and Augustine——heaven and God have many similarities and differences.The similarity lies in that they both use rational method to divide the ontology into three structures.The difference is that Dong Zhongshu emphasizes human's behaviors,and the heaven is just the reflection of human's behaviors,then the relationship between heaven and human comes to harmony through the theory of"correspondence between man and universe".So Dong Zhongshu's heaven is the existence which is lack of the element of noumenon.But Augustine takes the God as the origin of hu-man.Therefore,Augustine constructed the Trinity of God to express his ontology.The comparison be-tween them reflects the different paths of Chinese and Western thoughts,that is,the Chinese thought is the metaphysical path,and doesn't have a strict ontological thinking,while the western thought has a strong feature of ontology.

  17. The practice and exploration of "Dong Mei Nursing" brand model%“冬梅护理”品牌模式的实践与探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏冬梅; 苏静

    2013-01-01

    目的:通过探索建立“冬梅护理”品牌模式,提升护理人员的整体素质,提高患者对护理工作满意度.方法:从2004年起至今,通过4个阶段建立并完善“冬梅护理”品牌模式.结果:“冬梅护理”团队成员的整体素质普遍提升,患者、家属及社会对护理工作满意度均有提高.结论:“冬梅护理”品牌经8年来的实践与探索,达到了患者满意、群众满意、社会满意、政府满意的目标,为医院赢得了良好的声誉.%Objective: To promote the quality of nursing staff and the satisfaction rate of patients through the exploration and establishment of "Dong Mei Nursing " model. Methods: Since 2004, the model was established and improved through four stages. Results: There had significant improvement in the overall quality of nursing staff. The satisfaction rates of patients, general population, and the society were also increased. Conclusion: The "Dong Mei Nursing" brand model has been confirmed by patients and society, and obtained a perfect reputation in 8 years' exploration and practice.

  18. The Logical Orientation on Dong Zhongshu Filial Piety Ethics%董仲舒孝道伦理观的逻辑向度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴锋

    2012-01-01

      Filial piety ethics is an important part of the philosophy of Dong Zhongshu. Dong Zhongshu proves the rationality of filial piety with the concept of heaven,illustrates the father-son with the Five Elements order,and advocates at the same time that filial piety, an important person value, is the basis of the social stability,and benevolent government should attach importance to the implementation of filial piety. He argues filial piety from the angle of “zhi”, which is its essential connotation, finally puts forward his own contingency theory, and requires people to follow it in humanitarian principles.%  孝道伦理思想是董仲舒哲学中的重要部分。董仲舒以天道论证孝道的合理性,用五行次序来说明父子之序,同时又认为孝悌是社会安定的根本,王道政治要重视孝悌的实施。孝悌是为人之道的重要德行,董子由“志”论孝,强调“志”是孝的本质内涵,最后用经权理论对孝行方法提出自己的权变思想,要求人们在坚守孝道人道主义的原则下变礼守孝。

  19. 广西侗族音乐文化进入中小学课堂之尝试%Attempts of Introducing Dong Music Culture into Classes in Primary and Middle Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李漫姬

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, students prefer pop music, and folk music is more insignificant in their minds. With the new round of curriculum reform, promotion of folk music has become one of the Ten Ideas of Music Curriculum Standards. Taking Dong music as the research object, this article analyzes cultural characteristics of Dong music and psychological characteristics of students when studying music, researches into the meaning of Dong music culture in primary and middle schools, and explores how to better and more effectively introduce Dong music culture into the classes in primary and secondary schools.%近年来,中小学生偏爱流行音乐,民族音乐在他们心中的地位越来越微不足道。随着新一轮课程改革的推进,“弘扬民族音乐”成为《音乐课程标准》的十大理念之一。本文将广西侗族音乐文化作为研究对象,分析侗族音乐文化特点以及中小学生的学习音乐心理特征,研究广西侗族音乐文化进入中小学课堂的意义,探讨如何更好更有效地将侗族音乐文化引进中小学课堂。

  20. 广西侗族音乐文化进入中小学课堂之尝试%Attempts of Introducing Dong Music Culture into Classes in Primary and Middle Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李漫姬

    2015-01-01

    近年来,中小学生偏爱流行音乐,民族音乐在他们心中的地位越来越微不足道。随着新一轮课程改革的推进,“弘扬民族音乐”成为《音乐课程标准》的十大理念之一。本文将广西侗族音乐文化作为研究对象,分析侗族音乐文化特点以及中小学生的学习音乐心理特征,研究广西侗族音乐文化进入中小学课堂的意义,探讨如何更好更有效地将侗族音乐文化引进中小学课堂。%In recent years, students prefer pop music, and folk music is more insignificant in their minds. With the new round of curriculum reform, promotion of folk music has become one of the Ten Ideas of Music Curriculum Standards. Taking Dong music as the research object, this article analyzes cultural characteristics of Dong music and psychological characteristics of students when studying music, researches into the meaning of Dong music culture in primary and middle schools, and explores how to better and more effectively introduce Dong music culture into the classes in primary and secondary schools.

  1. 涵化视角下侗族传统民居象征内涵的变迁与重构%Transition and Reconstruction of the Symbolic Connotation of the Traditional Dong Dwelling:From an Acculturation Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵巧艳

    2016-01-01

    Under the shock of modern culture,acculturation produced negative impact on symbolic connotation of traditional dwellings of Dong people.Traditional Dong dwellings have positive influence on many aspects as the enhancement of the ethnic and social recogni-tion,ethnic culture inheriting and so on.However,with the pursuit for modernity and governmental guidance and interference,tradi-tional Dong dwelling appears weakening symbolic connotation and strengthening materiality with such multi-expression as obscure dis-tinction of religion and popularity,simplification of traditional worship ceremony and the substitution of social and authorial structures. The exploration of a new integration of traditional and modern culture can reconstruct the value of the symbolic connotation of the tradi-tional dwellings for Dong people.%在现代文化冲击下,文化涵化对侗族传统民居象征内涵产生了消极的影响。侗族传统民居对增强族群和社会认同、民族文化传承等都有着积极的作用,然而对现代性的追求及政府的引导和干预,传统民居的象征性意涵逐渐减弱、物质性意义凸显,并且通过圣俗区隔淡化、传统祭拜仪式简化、社会交换和权威结构的更替等多种方式呈现出来。只有发掘和探索出一条传统与现代文化的整合之路,才能重构侗族传统民居象征意义的价值所在。

  2. New exploration of Mao Ze-dong revolutionary power theory%毛泽东革命动力论新探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田遵辽

    2013-01-01

    The motive force of the revolution of the theory of Mao Ze-dong, has the bright time characteristic using Marx's materialist conception of history to solve the practical problems of the Chinese revolution has summed up the active guiding practice, the history of thought, and deeply affected the historical process in china. The motive forces of the Chinese revolution mainly rely on the workers and peasants, at the same time, we should also see the motive force of the revolution on different meanings contained in the period of the great revolution, the Agrarian Revolutionary War, the war of resistance against Japan and the war of liberation. So, simply that the power of the new democratic revolution is the "working class, peasant class, the petty bourgeoisie and the National Bourgeoisie", there are limitations. This paper discusses the different meanings contained in different periods of revolution power, further elaborates the rationality of the power of Mao Ze-dong revolution.%  毛泽东的革命动力论,是运用马克思主义的唯物史观解决中国革命实际问题所概括出来的能动地指导现实实践、具有鲜明时代特色的历史思想,并且深刻影响了中国的历史进程。中国革命的动力主要依靠工农,同时,我们也要看到革命动力论在大革命时期、土地革命战争时期、抗日战争时期和解放战争时期所包含的不同含义。所以,单纯的认为新民主主义革命的动力是“工人阶级、农民阶级、小资产阶级和民族资产阶级”,是有其局限性的。本文通过对不同时期革命动力所包含的不同含义进行论述,进一步阐述毛泽东革命动力论的合理性。

  3. The Comparison of the Governance between Xun Zi and Dong Zhong-shu%荀子与董仲舒“治道”思想之比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高春菊

    2012-01-01

    荀子、董仲舒的治道思想都是在国家、社会处于转型时期提出来的。两者治道思想的共性与差别在于:在管理本体论上,荀子要求管理者面对自然之天必须发挥主体能动性,而董仲舒认为"天"不仅是宇宙万物的最高本原,也是社会等级秩序和伦理准则的唯一来源;在管理行为观上,两人都继承了经典儒家的管理行为理论,主张为政以德和贤人政治;在管理价值论方面,都认同"不与民争利";在管理人性观方面和管理控制论上,都认为人性可塑、导人为善。%The governace of Xun zi and Dong Zhong-shu are both put forward at the transformation period of the state and society.The similarities and differences of them are: In the perspective of management ontology,Xun Zi required the managers must have subjective initiative when they faced the natural"Tian",but Dong Zhong-shu thought the "Tian" is not only the highest principle of universe,but also the only source of the social rank order and ethical standards;In the perspective of management concept,they inherited the confucian theory of administrative behavior,advocating governing by morality and wisdom politics;In the perspective of management theory of value,they both agreed that "Do not compete with people";In the perspective of human nature and management cybernetics,they both agreed that people could be created and led to be good.

  4. Dong Biwu' s Scientific Assessment on 1911 Revolution%董必武对辛亥革命的科学评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    储著斌

    2011-01-01

    董必武作为亲历辛亥革命的老同盟会会员,抱着资产阶级民主主义的信念,积极投身辛亥革命的伟大实践;在其转变为坚信马克思主义的共产主义者后,用历史唯物主义全面公正地论述了资产阶级领导的民主革命,全面而正确地评价了辛亥革命的丰功伟绩,指明了资产阶级革命家的功绩及其革命活动的局限性。%As a veteran member of Tong Meng Hui having experienced 1911 Revolution, Dong Biwu actively took part in the great practice of 1911 Revolution with the belief of bourgeois democracy. After converting into firm Marxist communist, ihe fully and justly expounded democratic revolution led by bourgeoisie from stand of historical materialism, correctly and fully assessed great achievements of 1911 Revolution and proved the limitation of achievements and revolutionary activity of bourgeois revolutionists.

  5. [Comrade Mao Ze-dong's contribution to Marxist theory on population--in commemoration of the 60th anniversary of the birth of the Chinese Communist Party].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wen, T Z

    1981-07-01

    Is it good or bad to have a large population in China? Comrade Mao Ze-dong said "it is good and it is also bad." Our population is an asset, and we should use this asset and wisdom in our nation's "Four Modernizations" program. On the other hand we should control the population growth and reduce the resulting burden. Marxism recognizes 2 types of production, material production and human production. Both are interrelated, mutually dependent, and beneficial. Comrade Mao criticized concepts and practices that disregard the interrelationship of these 2 types of production. According to Comrade Mao both types of production should be included in the national economic plan, and the proportions of material production and human production should be the basic proportions of our socialistic economic development. Comrade Mao mentioned that population growth should be planned to fit and benefit social development. He suggested establishment of a series of family planning offices or committees to study and implement the family planning program, to develop a longterm plan, to consider the people's wishes in family planning, to meet the people's requirements and desires, to educate people about family planning, and to recommend government funds for the program. PMID:12264239

  6. [Comrade Mao Ze-dong's contribution to Marxist theory on population--in commemoration of the 60th anniversary of the birth of the Chinese Communist Party].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wen, T Z

    1981-07-01

    Is it good or bad to have a large population in China? Comrade Mao Ze-dong said "it is good and it is also bad." Our population is an asset, and we should use this asset and wisdom in our nation's "Four Modernizations" program. On the other hand we should control the population growth and reduce the resulting burden. Marxism recognizes 2 types of production, material production and human production. Both are interrelated, mutually dependent, and beneficial. Comrade Mao criticized concepts and practices that disregard the interrelationship of these 2 types of production. According to Comrade Mao both types of production should be included in the national economic plan, and the proportions of material production and human production should be the basic proportions of our socialistic economic development. Comrade Mao mentioned that population growth should be planned to fit and benefit social development. He suggested establishment of a series of family planning offices or committees to study and implement the family planning program, to develop a longterm plan, to consider the people's wishes in family planning, to meet the people's requirements and desires, to educate people about family planning, and to recommend government funds for the program.

  7. 云南傣族与广西侗族18个STR基因座的遗传多态性%Genetic polymorphisms of 18 STR loci in Dai population of Yunnan and Dong population of Guangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玮; 孙启凡; 张涛; 王英元; 程宝文; 赵兴春; 李彩霞; 叶健

    2015-01-01

    目的 调查云南傣族和广西侗族无关个体18个STR基因座(D18S51、D21S11、D3S1358、FGA、D8S1179、vWA、CSF1PO、D16S539、D7S820、D13S317、D5S818、D2S1338、D19S433、D12S391、TPOX、TH01、Penta E和D6S1043)的遗传多态性并研究其法医学应用价值. 方法 采用DNA TyperTM 19试剂盒对100名云南傣族和70名广西侗族的无关个体血样进行复合扩增,用遗传分析仪3130XL对扩增产物检测,用GeneMapper ID v3. 2软件进行基因分型,并计算群体遗传学参数. 结果 在100名云南傣族和70名广西侗族的无关个体中,云南傣族共发现185种等位基因,广西侗族共发现162种等位基因. 傣族单个等位基因频率分布在0. 005-0. 600、侗族在0. 007-0. 493;傣族与侗族累计个人识别能力均大于99. 999 999 999 999 999 999 99%.结论 这18个 STR基因座在云南傣族和广西侗族地区具有高度多态性,可满足对这两个群体的个体识别和亲权鉴定.%Objective To investigate the genetic polymorphisms of 18 STR loci(D18S51, D21S11, D3S1358, FGA, D8S1179, vWA, CSF1PO, D16S539, D7S820, D13S317, D5S818, D2S1338, D19S433, D12S391, TPOX, TH01, Penta E and D6S1043) in unre-lated Dai individuals in Yunnan and Dong individuals in Guangxi and to explore its application value in forensic practice. Methods Blood samples from unrelated 100 Dai and 70 Dong individuals were amplified using DNA TyperTM 19 kit. The amplified products were detected using 3130XL Genetic Analyzer, and the genotyping was done using GeneMapper ID v3. 2, and the population genetics param-eters were calculated. Results Of 100 Dai and 70 Dong unrelated individuals, 185 alleles were detected in Dai population and 162 alleles were detected in Dong population. The allele frequency was 0. 005-0. 600 for Dai population and 0. 007-0. 493 for Dong pop-ulation. The TDP of both Dai and Dong population was more than 99. 999 999 999 999 999 999 99%. Conclusion The 18 STR loci in Dai population of Yunnan and

  8. Proving the Orbits of the Galilean Moons Through Astrophotography. (Spanish Title: Comprobando Las Órbitas de Las Lunas Galileanas a Través de la Astrofotografía.) Evidenciando as Órbitas das Luas Galileanas Atravéd da Astrofotografia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iachel, Gustavo

    2009-12-01

    An activity related to the observation of the Galilean moons and to amateur astrophotography is presented in this work. Through the reading of excerpts of the book Sidereus Nuncius (Sidereal Messenger), by Galileo, it is possible to trace a methodology to observe the planet and its natural satellites and, with the aid of the astrophotography, to analyze the field recordings. Moreover, it is possible to compare the images obtained after plotting the relative positions of these moons to prove their orbits. This activity can be conducted by teachers, students and amateur astronomers, in order to develop their capabilities of observation of astronomical phenomena. Se presenta en este trabajo una actividad relacionada a la observación de las lunas Galileanas y a la astrofotografía amateur. A través de la lectura de tramos de la obra Sidereus Nuncius (El Mensajero Sideral) de Galileo, es posible trazar una metodología para la observación del planeta y de sus satélites naturales y, con el auxilio de la astrofotografía, analizar las anotaciones de campo. Además, es posible comparar las imágenes obtenidas con el gráfico de las posiciones relativas de estas lunas para comprobar sus órbitas. Esa actividad puede ser realizada por maestros, estudiantes y astrónomos amateurs, de forma a desarrollar sus capacidades de observación de los fenómenos astronómicos. Uma atividade relacionada à observação das luas Galileanas e à astrofotografia amadora é apresentada neste trabalho. Através da leitura de trechos da obra Sidereus Nuncius (Mensageiro Sideral), de Galileu, é possível traçar uma metodologia para a observação do planeta e de seus satélites naturais e, com o auxílio da astrofotografia, analisar as anotações de campo. Além disso, é possível comparar as imagens obtidas com o gráfico das posições relativas destas luas para evidenciar suas órbitas. Essa atividade pode ser realizada por professores, estudantes e astrônomos amadores, de forma a

  9. 董仲舒的思想命题及其当代价值辨析%Dong Zhongshu's Political Thoughts and its Contemporary Value

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴光

    2012-01-01

      董仲舒的政治观,是强调“变革”的辩证发展观,而非强调“不变”的形而上学政治观。董仲舒的政治思想,是在“天人感应目的论”外衣掩盖下的儒家“德治”“爱民”的王道政治传统。其天道观实质上是儒家的德治主义政治观。尤其可贵的是董仲舒提出了“有道伐无道,此天理也”的命题,为历代王朝更替式的政治变革提供了合法性依据,可成为董氏政治定律。其“阳尊阴卑”说,虽然从哲学而言有唯心主义、形而上学倾向,但从政治方面看,则是儒家德治主义的体现。其“王道三纲”说是从阴阳相辅相成的角度谈“君臣、父子、夫妇之义”,与他的“德治”理论完全一致,而后世三纲说则更多地强调臣子妇对君父夫的无条件服从之义,具有更强烈的君主专制倾向,因此不能混为一谈。其“正义不谋利,明道不计功”的“义利观”强调道义高于功利,虽有“重义轻利”倾向,但并非禁欲主义,而其“官不与民争利”说则保护了弱势民众的利益。在这些辨析基础上,从政改、爱民、德治、伐无道、义利之辨等方面论述了董仲舒政治思想的当代价值与时代意义。%  In his political concept, Dong Zhongshu emphasizes"change", a dialectical concept of development, rather than"steadiness", a metaphysical political outlook. Dong’s political view was coated by the“teleology of the interaction between heaven and mankind”, with the political traditional for an emperor to“rule with morality”and“care for the people”. The nature of this heavenly ruled view was actually the political view of moralism from Confucianism. Furthermore, Dong had raised the topic of“the heavenly principle that whoever was righteous could rise and fight against the unrighteous”, which served as a legitimate base for the political revolution in the form of

  10. 广东省东莞市麻涌镇老年人群代谢综合征患病率现况调查%Prevalence study of metabolic syndrome among elder population in Machong town of Dong Guan, Guang Dong province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓爱民; 刘妙; 宋丹丹

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) among elder population in Machong town of DongCuan, GuangDong province in 2010 ~2011. Methods: The cluster randomly sampling was used in this cross-sectional study. Questionnaires, physical examination, blood biochemical detection were used to access data as body mass index, lipid profile, blood glucose and blood pressure. MS was diagnosis according to Chinese Diabetes Society (2004) suggestion-diagnosed standard. Chi-square test was used for data analysis. The prevalence of MS and its influencing factors were analyzed by Multinomial Logistic regression analysis. Results: Among 2003 elder people, the level of body mass index and high density lipoprotein cholesterol were higher in female compared with male; the prevalence of MS was 19. 1% , and the standardized prevalence was 19. 3%. There was no significant difference among groups of different age and gender. The prevalence of hypertension was the highest among MS, whereas overweight and obesity was the most important influencing factors related with MS. Conclusion: The prevalence of MS in Machong town of DongCuan elder population isn't high. Overweight or and besity are the most important risk factors of MS, and the age of incidence is younger. Therefore healthy lifestyle education should be carried out in adults as early as possible, and more attention should be paid on monitoring body weight and abdominal circumference.%目的:调查2010-2011年广东省东莞市麻涌镇老年人群代谢综合征(MS)及其诊断标准中各组分患病率及对MS影响情况.方法:采用整群随机抽样法,以调查问卷、体格检查、血生化检测方式收集BMI、血脂、血糖、血压等数据,以中华医学会糖尿病学分会2004年建议的诊断标准分析患病率.应用卡方检验进行率的比较,并对MS各组分行多元Logistic回归分析.结果:2003名65岁以上老年人中,女性的BMI和HDL-C高于男性;MS患病率为19.1

  11. The Era Brilliance and Historical Limitations of Dong Biwu's Legal Thought——In Commemoration of the 126 Anniversary of Dong Biwu's Birth%董必武法学思想的时代光辉与历史局限——纪念董必武诞辰126周年

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈春龙

    2012-01-01

    董必武法学思想的确丰富和发展了社会主义法制理论,为新中国初期的法制建没作出奠基性贡献。其中强调司法工作重要、树立司法权威,法院独立审判只服从法律,重视程序正义、促进司法公正,检察法院公安三机关分工负责、互相制约,提高审判质量、杜绝冤假错案,培养法律工作干部、开展法律教育和法学研究等观点,在今天仍具有重要的指导意义;重视法律作用、没有法制不能成为一个国家,依法办事必须有法可依、有法必依的观点,更为今天依法治国方略的提出提供了理论基础。所以,在今天学习、继承和发扬董必武法学思想,仍然具有重要的现实意义。%Dong Biwu's legal thought is indeed enriched and developed the theory of the socialist legal system and made a initial ground-breaking contribution to the new China's legal system.The points of views which emphasizes the importance of justice,to establish judicial authority,independent of the trial court only to obey the law,attention to procedural justice,and promote justice,divided responsibilities of the three organs such as procuratorate,court and public security bureau,mutual constraints,to improve the quality of the trial,to prevent miscarriages of justice,training cadres for legal work,to promote legal education and legal research and etc,still take important guiding significance today.The points of views that emphasis on the role of law,no legal system can not be a country,working according to the law must have the law and use the law,provide a theoretical basis to the proposal of today's govern the country according to law.So it still has important practical significance to learn,to inherit and carry forward Dong Biwu's legal thought today.

  12. Acculturation and Transformation:Immigration and Wu Yue,Guan Dong Regional Wushu Cul ture%涵化与蜕变:移民与吴越、关东地域武术文化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁丽萍; 徐烈

    2015-01-01

    Based on the perspective of cultural acculturation theory ,with basic theory and meth‐od of culture ,history as research method ,the effect of immigration flows on evolution of Wu Yue and Guan Dong wushu culture in historical period as the main research object ,this paper aimed to reveal the phenomenon of North and South China wushu culture and its reasons by comparison .The study concluded that 1 ) From the migration time ,Wu Yue region has the characteristics of early contact time and long term acculturation by Han immigrants culture compared with Guan Dong region .2 ) Migration properties comparison of Wu Yue and Guan Dong region ,one is in the advantage of the elite culture ,the other is the underlying non elite culture group .3) Migration time and characteristics of immigrants make acculturation degree of Wu Yue regional wushu culture different from the Guan Dong region ,thus forming a regional Wushu culture phenomenon of “South is Wen and North is Wu” .%从文化涵化理论视角出发,运用文化学、史学的基本理论与方法,以历史时期中吴越、关东地域发生的移民流动而引起的该地域武术文化的演变为主要研究对象,通过比较以期揭示中国武术文化的南北现象及其形成之因。研究认为,从移民迁移时间来看,吴越与关东地域相比,受到汉族移民文化的涵化具有接触时间早、持续时间长的特征。从移民性质来看,吴越与关东地域相比,一种是居于优势的上层精英文化群体,一种是底层的非精英文化群体。移民的迁移时间和性质使吴越地域武术文化的涵化程度异于关东地域,从而形成了“南文北武”的地域武术文化现象。

  13. 298例侗族妊娠期高血压疾病相关因素分析%Analysis of the Related Risk Factors of Gestational Hypertension in 298 Dong Minority Women

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧海燕

    2013-01-01

    [目的]分析侗族妊娠期高血压疾病(HDCP)患者发病的相关因素,探讨降低 HDCP 发生率的防控措施。[方法]对298例侗族女性 HDCP 患者的临床资料包括患者的年龄、文化程度、妊娠首次血压增高出现的孕周分布和血清生化指标进行分析。[结果]本县侗族女性 HDCP 的发生率为14.75%,年龄小于20岁,大于35岁者和文化程度低者其发生率高。妊娠首次血压增高的孕周越小,子痫前期发生率越高(P <0.05)。[结论]针对相关因素,加强对侗族妇女 HDCP 的防控在少数民族地区应予重视。%[Objective]To analyze the related risk factors of 298 Dong minority patients with gestational hypertension,and to explore the methods and measures to reduce the incidence of gestational hypertension .[Methods]A total of 298 Dong minority patients with gestational hypertension were enrolled.Clinical data such as age,education level,gestational week distribution at the first onset of high blood pressure during the pregnancy and serum level of biochemical indexes were analyzed.[Results]The incidence of gestational hyper-tension among Dong minority women in our county was 14.75%.The women with the age lower than 20 years old and more than 35 years old and low educational level had high incidence.The smaller the gestational weeks at the first onset of high blood pressure during pregnancy,the higher the incidence of preeclampsia(P <0.05).[Conclusion]To aim directly at the related risk factors,strengthening the prevention and control of gestational hypertension in Dong minority women should be paid more attention in minority area.

  14. 黔东南传统侗族村寨建筑文化分析%Analysis of Architecture Culture of the Dong Nationality Traditional Village in South-east of Guizhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙奕

    2011-01-01

    Based onthe studies of the siting criteria and spatial pattern of the Dong nationality village,the article analysis the village's architecture culture which includes central ity,sense of identity, territoriality and exclusiveness.%文章从黔东南传统侗族村寨的选址因素、村寨空间形态的研究出发,分析传统侗族村寨的空间布局具有向心性、认同感、领域性和排他性的建筑文化特质。

  15. Exhibition Highlights Development of Human Rights in China——An interview with Professor Dong Yunhu, vice-president and secretary-general of China Society for Human Rights Studies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    OUR STAFF REPORTER

    2007-01-01

    @@ EDITOR'S NOTE: An exhibition on human rights in China was held in the Cultural Palace of Ethnic Groups, Beijing, November 17-26, 2006,jointly by the Information Office of the State Council, China Society for Human Rights Studies (CSHRS) and China Human Rights Development Fund. The exhibition attracted more than 10,000 visitors from in and outside the country and aroused much media attention. Following is an interview by our reporter with Prof. Dong Yunhu, vice-president and secretary-general of the CSHRS, on the exhibition.

  16. The Study on Ecological Ethics Contained in the Folklore of Dong:A Case of Gaoding Village in Liuzhou’s Sanjiang County%侗族民间故事中蕴含的生态伦理观研究--以柳州三江县高定村为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈容娟

    2015-01-01

    The folklore of Dong minority as a heart activity and behavioral pattern contains a unique ecological ethics,reflecting the basic moral code of conduct when treating nature among the people of Dong. With its distinctive ecological characteristics of the national culture,the folklore of Dong minority has a positive significance for today’s ecological environment protection and construction.%侗族民间故事作为一种内心活动特征和行为方式,蕴含了独特的生态伦理观,反映了侗族人对待自然最基本的道德行为准则。侗族民间故事作为具有鲜明生态特征的民族文化,对我们今天的生态环境保护和建设有积极意义。

  17. On the Process of Sanjiang Dong Pickle Sour Fish%浅析三江侗族腌酸鱼的工艺研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李河山

    2015-01-01

    腌酸鱼是广西三江侗族自治县传统而著名的食品,其主要以鲤鱼为原料,以糯米等为辅料经加工发酵而成,集酸、甜、辣、麻、咸、鲜为一体,口感细嫩,味道鲜美,香气四溢。但传统的腌制方法时间太长,盐浓度过高,腌制过程缺少现代食品理论指导。本文采用正交试验设计,通过对蛋白质的分解速率及氨基态氮含量的分析,确定20d为最合理的快速熟成期。并研究了姜蒜、酒糟、食盐和葡萄糖对快速腌制酸鱼的影响,结果表明:姜蒜、酒糟、食盐和葡萄糖的用量为鱼体用量的2%,150%,4%,2%是制作腌酸鱼的最快组合。%Pickle sour fish is the traditional and well-known food in the county of Guangxi Sanjiang Dong Autonomous. The main raw material of it is carp. It is made of the fermentation of glutinous rice and other materials. The tastes of set acid, sweet, hot, rough, salty and fresh as a whole are all in it. The taste of it is delicate, delicious and fragrant. But the time of traditional method is too long and the salt concentration of it is too high, the curing process is lack of the guidance of modern food theory. In this paper, by using orthogonal experimental design, through the analysis of the protein decomposition rate and amino nitrogen content, it is determined that 20d is the most reasonable fast aging period. And study the influence of lees, ginger and garlic, salt and glucose on fast pickle fish. The results show that:the ginger and garlic, lees, salt and glucose dosage of 2%, 150%, 4%, 2%to cure the fish is the fastest combination.

  18. Effect of Jian-Pi-Zhi-Dong Decoction on striatal glutamate and γ-aminobutyric acid levels detected using microdialysis in a rat model of Tourette syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang W

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Wen Zhang,1,* Li Wei,2,* Wenjing Yu,1 Xia Cui,1 Xiaofang Liu,2 Qian Wang,1 Sumei Wang2 1Department of Pediatrics, The Third Affiliated Hospital, 2Department of Pediatrics, Dongfang Hospital, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Jian-Pi-Zhi-Dong Decoction (JPZDD is a dedicated treatment of Tourette syndrome (TS. The balance of neurotransmitters in the cortico-striato-pallido-thalamo-cortical network is crucial to the occurrence of TS and related to its severity. This study evaluated the effect of JPZDD on glutamate (Glu and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA and their receptors in a TS rat model.Materials and methods: Rats were divided into four groups (n=12 each. TS was induced in three of the groups by injecting them with 3,3'-iminodipropionitrile for 7 consecutive days. Two model groups were treated with tiapride (Tia or JPZDD, while the control and the remaining model group were gavaged with saline. Behavior was assessed by stereotypic score and autonomic activity. Striatal Glu and GABA contents were detected using microdialysis. Expressions of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor 1 and GABAA receptor (GABAAR were observed using Western blot and real-time polymerase chain reaction.Results: Tia and JPZDD groups had decreased stereotypy compared with model rats; however, the JPZDD group showed a larger decrease in stereotypy than the Tia group at a 4-week time point. In a spontaneous activity test, the total distance of the JPZDD and Tia groups was significantly decreased compared with the model group. The Glu levels of the model group were higher than the control group and decreased with Tia or JPZDD treatment. The GABA level was higher in the model group than the control group. Expressions of GABAAR protein in the model group were higher than in the control group. Treatment with Tia or JPZDD reduced the expression of GABAAR protein. In the case of the m

  19. 观念的自然——论董仲舒的神学宇宙图式%Presentational Nature: on Dong Zhongshu' s Theology Universal Schema

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘敏

    2012-01-01

    董仲舒褪去战国以来阴阳五行观念的感性具体内涵,由天赋予其情感化、伦理化的色彩,使之蛮横地越过自然概念的边界,成为建构具有神圣合法依据的,包揽从精神到物质、从人事到自然的统一的相互联系的和彼此影响的遵循“天”意的一体化世界的纲领性概念。这个以天地为轮廓、五行为间架、阴阳为运行于其中的两种力量的宇宙图式,目的不是认识自然把握自然,它精细地梳理人与社会、人与人、人与自然的关系,厘定现实世界的君臣、夫妇、父子、长幼、尊阜秩序,让张扬道德理想的先秦原始儒学成为可践履的政治哲学。%Dong Zhongshu cast off the perceptual specific connotation of yin - yang and five elements from Warring States. He endows it with emotion and ethics, surmounts the boundary of natural concept, and forms programmatic concept which is sacred and legal, including the unified, mutual, influencing and abiding by providence international integration from spirit to material, from human events to nature. This kind of universal schema doesn' t intend to get to know and grasp nature, it subtly makes clear the relations between people and society, people to people, people and nature, the order of monarch and official, husband and wife, father and son, elders and young, senior and humble in reality. It makes the pre - Qin days original Confucianism which displays moral ideal become practical political philosophy.

  20. 董仲舒“性三品”人性论与现代秩序的建构%Dong Zhongshu's "Three Grades of Human Nature"and the Construction of Modern Order

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白燕妮

    2014-01-01

    Dong's theory of "Three Grades of Human Nature" aims at defending the feudal hierarchy and prolonging the feudal rule in a long run. It had vital significance on maintaining the doctrine of the feudal rule and its rank order. With the development of market economy, human relations based on the existing social order needs adjustment, and we should draw lessons from Dong's theory, which has positive significance on building a harmonious society.%董仲舒的“性三品”说对人性三个等级的划分旨在为封建等级制度辩护,以使封建统治长远延续。“性三品”说对于维护当时的封建统治及其等级秩序具有十分重要的意义。随着市场经济的发展,我国原有的社会秩序和人伦关系需要一定程度的调整,在调整过程中,董仲舒“性三品”人性论所倡导的秩序观念和对于人伦秩序的规定,对建设和谐社会也具有积极意义。

  1. 董氏指压法治疗小儿厌食症100例临床观察%Clinical observation on 100 cases of infantile anorexia treated by Dong's finger-pressure method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋辰斐; 宣小平; 夏以琳

    2015-01-01

    [目的]验证董氏指压法对小儿厌食症的临床疗效.[方法]采用随机对照观察方法,将100例厌食患儿随机分为治疗组和对照组,每组50例.指压组采用董氏指压法配合健胃消食口服液治疗,对照组单纯服用健胃消食口服液.治疗3周后观察患儿治疗前后厌食症状和唾液淀粉酶含量变化情况.[结果] 指压组总有效率高于对照组(P<0.05),治疗后患儿在食欲、食量、进食速度、偏食挑食等方面均有改善(P<0.05),唾液淀粉酶含量提高(P<0.05).[结论]"董氏指压法"治疗小儿厌食症疗效确切,值得推广.%[Objective] To observe the clinical effect of Dong's finger-pressure method on infantile anorexia.[Methods] The 100 infants were randomly divided into treatment group and control group, with 50 cases in each group. Treatment group was treated with Dong's finger-pressure method, with Jianweixiaoshi oral liquid. And the control group was only treated with Jianweixiaoshi oral liquid without any additional treatment. Three weeks later, the effect of treatment was evaluated by comparing symptoms of anorexia and salivary amylase level. [Results] The results showed that the effect of the treatment group was better than that in control group (P<0.05). The treatment group had a advantage in terms of the symptoms of appetite, capacity for eating, eating speed, partiality for a particular kind of food and salivary amylase level (P<0.05). [Conclusion] Dong's finger-pressure method has a significant advantage than normal treatment on infantile anorexia. Altogether, this method is worthy of being recommended in the treatment of infantile anorexia.

  2. An Analysis of the Female Revenge Mode in Dong Libo's Mixiang%董立勃小说《米香》中女性复仇模式分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张凡; 董新颖

    2011-01-01

    Dong Libo, a writer who has blazing writing styles and takes root in the western fields Xiayedi. He, from a unique perspective, narrates different stories about the lives of Song Lan and Mixiang. Song Lan, a girl from Shanghai, is raped and then forced to get married, and eventually becomes a typical example who joins the frontier construction. Mixiang, a girl who comes from southern China, persistently seeks for true love, loses and indulges herself and finally disappeares from the sight of the world. Dong Libo, in poetic language, reveals with passion the tough life of young girls who go to the Xiayedi, who were goodhearted, innocent, sincere, and daring to love and hate. Following young ladies" choices of love and hate, good and evil, hope and resistance, sincereness and betrayal, Dong Libo shows his rational thinking in life and times. Based on the meaning of female revenge, Mixiang is not only a sad melody of hate, but also a sorrowful tune of love.%作家董立勃把炽热的笔触深深地扎在西部边地“下野地”,以其特有的视角叙述了上海姑娘宋兰从遭受强奸、被逼下嫁到最终成为支边典型和江南少女米香从执着追求真爱、迷失自我、放纵报复到最终不知去向的不同的生命故事。董立勃用诗化的语言与激情畅快淋漓地向人们展示了生活在“下野地”的年轻女性善良纯情、大胆真诚、敢爱敢恨的生命韧度,从她们对爱与恨、善良与罪恶、希望与反抗、真诚与背叛的苦难抉择中彰显了作家对生命、对人生、对时代的理性思考。从女性复仇的意义上来说,《米香》是恨的悲歌,也是爱的哀曲。

  3. 壮侗语数量名结构语序探析%The Order of Numeral + Claasifier +Noun Structure of the Zhuang-Dong Language Family

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程博

    2012-01-01

    多数壮侗语数量名结构语序不同程度地受到汉语影响,然而不同语言呈现出不同的演变阶段,这是受汉语影响程度不同所致。基于语言接触研究视角,壮侗语数量名结构的演变和变异有三个阶段:傣语、泰语、老挝语的名-数-量结构处于"未变"状态,是壮侗语数量名结构的固有语序;临高语名-数-量与数-量-名结构并存,处于"在变"状态,是数量名结构演变中的过渡阶段;而其他多数壮侗语的数-量-名结构则处于"已变"状态,是其与汉语接触发生演变后的产物。%In the Zhuang-Dong language family, the order of Numeral + Classifier + Noun structure is influenced by Chinese in various degrees. However, different languages exhibit different evolution stages due to different degree of Chinese influence. From the perspective of language contact, there are three stages in evolution and variation of the Num + CL + N structure in Zhuang-Dong language : 1 ) the "unchanged" stage of the N-Num-CL structure in Dai, Thai and Lao languages; 2) the "changing" stage of the Num-CL-N and N- Num-CL structures in Lingao language ; and 3) the "changed" stage of the Num-CL-N structure in most other Zhuang-Dong languages as the evolution product of the contact with Chinese.

  4. Analysis on Traditional Life Nurturing and Body Building Behaviors of DongXiang Minority People%东乡族传统养生健身行为浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘雪松; 吴俏燕

    2013-01-01

    从东乡族人民的宗教行为、饮食习惯及竞技、游艺、民俗等方面的养生健身行为入手探讨东乡族的传统养生思想及健身方法,发现良好的生活、卫生习惯,使东乡族人民健康长寿。%Traditional life nurturing thinking and body building methods of DongXiang minority people were explored from religious behavior, food habits, sports , entertainment and folk custom of the people, we found that good living habit and hygiene could make the people keep health and promote them longevity.

  5. 从董丽娜事件谈北京自学考试的危机管理%On the Discussion of Crisis Management in Self-taught Examination of Beijing According to Dong Lina Event

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈玫

    2012-01-01

    Based on the review of the Dong Lina event, the paper presents the crisis management awareness and thinking on self--taught examination of Beijing. On crisis management prevention, treatment and assessment of three basic functions, Self-taught Test Office of Beijing should aim to foster awareness, prevent effectively, grasp the principles and skills, improve continuously and so on.%通过对董丽娜事件的回顾,本文提出了对北京自学考试危机管理的认识和思考。围绕危机管理的预防、处理和评估三项基本职能,北京自考在危机管理中,应着眼于树立意识,有效防范,把握原则,掌握技巧,持续改进等几个方面。

  6. Outline of LI Dong-yuan's Academic Thinking on Advocating the Application of "Wind Medicine"%李东垣倡风药应用学术思想述要

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张真全

    2012-01-01

    The history of using "wind medicine" was briefly elaborated through studying literature, especially Li Dong-yucai's academic thinking on using wind medicine was emphatically pointed out, in which he stresses primordial Qi, advocating the acquired constitution (spleen) nourishes the congenital one (kidney); stresses the spleen and stomach, advocating to invigorate the middle with the drugs of sweet and warm nature; stresses descending and ascending, advocating ShaoYang governs sprout and growth; stresses wind medicine, advocating wind medicine ascending Yang.%从文献角度梳理了"风药"使用的历史,重点阐述了金元四大家之一的李东垣重视风药应用的学术思想:重元气,倡后天养先天;重脾胃,倡甘温补中;重升降,倡少阳生发;重风药,倡风药升阳.

  7. 文字是肉做的——论董桥的散文风格%Character Is Full of Flesh and Blood——A Discuss of the Style of Essays of Dong Qiao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王映霞

    2011-01-01

    董桥的性格,经历、学养和他所处的文化环境造就了其散文的独特风格,重视对语言的雕琢却追求自然;文章富于趣味性,语言幽默,比喻精妙;形成文白杂糅,中英相间,亦雅亦俗的杂语语言特色。%Dong Qiao′s disposition,experience,the knowledge and the cultural environment surrounding had brought up the individual style of his essays.Devoting language refining while targeting on natural style,his essays are rich of interesting,humor language,subtlety metaphor,form a formal-plain mixed,Chinese-English mixed and noble-popular mixed figurative mix-up language characteristic.

  8. 罗家洞寺崩塌体的成因和失稳运动特点%Movement Features of Forming Courses and Instability of Luojia Dong Temple Collapses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武金辉

    2016-01-01

    罗家洞寺崩塌体崖壁危岩倒悬,处于临空状态,随时可能发生崩塌,一旦发生崩塌,新建的罗家洞寺将会再次被摧毁,同时会伤害寺庙工作人员、农户、朝拜人员及游客的生命财产.对罗家洞寺崩塌体的主要形成机理(地层岩性、降雨、地震、节理裂隙)进行分析和论述,同时根据运动学对危岩体发生崩塌时落石的三种运动特征(拉裂式、倾倒式)进行分析,建立落石运动方程,经理论计算与实际发生坠落水平距离相比有误差,因为阻力特性系数在两种状态下不同造成,在此类问题的计算中要结合实际情况加以分析.%Dangerous rock mass that attach to the rock fall cliff of Luojia Dong temple hung upside down and are in free state with collapsing at any time. Once collapsing,the new Luo Jia Dong temple will be destroyed once again and also hurt the lives and properties of the temple workers,farmers,workers,tourists and worship personnel. In this paper,it analyses and dis-cusses its main formation mechanism of loujiadong collapsing body( stratigraphic lithology ,rainfall,earthquake,Joints and fissures)and at the same time analyses three kinds of motion characteristics of falling rock in detail when it collapses according to kinematics to establish equations of motion.

  9. An Investigation on the Customs of Mid-autumn Festival by Dong People in Sanjiang County,Guangxi%广西三江县侗族中秋节习俗调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林安宁

    2015-01-01

    三江县侗族的中秋节是家庭团聚的日子,也是村寨、宗族交往和民族交流的日子。鱼宴、秋社和斗牛活动有利于团结乡邻、加强宗亲和民族交往。由于年轻人外流,传统的大型的男女交往活动“月也”在中秋节期间日趋衰落。侗族人着力以旅游开发促进传统文化的保护与宣传,它对民族文化传承带来的影响,目前尚难作出全面评估。%In Sanjiang county ,Dong People’s Mid‐autumn Festival is a day when the family gets together and also a day w hen people of the clan ,the villages and even different nationalities get to‐gether and communicate with each other .Fish feast ,autumn market and bull fighting help strengthen the union of the villagers and the communication among clans and different nationalities .Because local young people leave for cities ,“Moon Night Dating” ,an important traditional day for young people to date during mid‐autumn festival ,is fading away .Dong people are trying their best to protect and pub‐licize their traditional culture by developing tourism which has some effect on the inheritance of the national culture ,but is still difficult to make a total evaluation .

  10. Discussion on Dong's Pipa Song Social Functions and Aesthetic Culture Characteristic%论侗族琵琶歌的社会功能及其审美文化特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张贵华

    2012-01-01

    流行在贵州黎平、榕江、从江一带的侗族琵琶歌,不仅具有独特的演唱形式和清新优美的旋律,同时也具有丰富的文化内涵。以民族音乐学、美学理论为指导,探讨侗族琵琶歌功能的多形态、多层次特点,并在此基础上对其主要审美文化特征加以论述,即歌、乐结合的艺术形式;真、善、和谐为美的内容;真假声演唱的独特技巧,以期引起更多同仁的关注。%Dong lute songs are popular from the vicinity of Liping,Rongjiang and Congjiang in Guizhou,not only sing in the unique and fresh with beautiful melodies,but also has a rich cultural connotations.Ethnomusicology,aesthetic theory as a guide to explore the function of the form of Dong lute songs,the characteristics of multi-level,and on this basis,its main aesthetic cultural characteristics to be addressed,namely the combination of song,music art form;true,good and harmonious beauty of content;unique falsetto singing skills in order to arouse the concern of more colleagues.

  11. 贴近大地:侗族栖居之所的智慧之思%Close To the Earth:The Wisdom of the Dong Nationality’ s Dwelling Places

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张泽忠; 温婷

    2014-01-01

    于实然意义上强调这么一个事实:即因认为存在于“干”( ganl/kan55,侗族自称)族群文化传统及文化成规中的天地神明观,一方面因植根族群自我文化深层结构中的“母体原型”思维渊源而赋有神秘性特征,一方面因持守一种与天地自然交往对话的方式,即持守一种最初的求诸天穹、倾听大地的“缘在”想象方式而赋有“大地之居”的深邃性和智慧性特征。%This paper research based on the practical sense, emphasizes on such a fact that the concept of ShenMing in the heaven and earth, which lies in the ethnic and cultural traditions and conventions of“Gan”, the nickname called by the Dong themselves, has two characteristics.On the one hand, this concept is endowed with mystery due to the “maternal prototype” thinking origin which deeply rooted in the ethnic culture of self-struc-ture.On the other hand, Dong Nationality’ s dwelling place has a deep characteristic of Earth Home and wisdom because it holds a way of interaction with the natural world, which is to keep on initially imagining in the way of Human Dasein that recourses to the heaven and listens to the earth.

  12. 湖南通道县侗族村寨风水林树种资源调查%Investigation of Tree Species Resources in Feng-shui Forests of Dong Villages in Tongdao County,Hunan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴和意; 李屈强; 朱大兴; 肖际亮; 陆安信; 杨昌知; 杨昌岩

    2014-01-01

    指出了侗族先民们把聚居村寨周围的古树林木封为“风水林”,风水林内任何人都不许砍伐林木,不许开垦,不许放牧,这种保护风水林中古树林木的习俗一直流传至今。对保存较完整的几片风水林中的树种资源进行了调查,发现风水林中的树种资源较丰富,有些属国家重点保护的珍稀濒危树种,对于保护和研究珍稀树种具有较大价值。%The ancestors of Dong people regarded the ancent trees around their villages as Feng -shui forests ,and nobody is allowed to cut down trees ,reclaim and graze in the Feng-shui forests .Such custom of protecting ancient trees in the Feng -shui forests has been maintained in the Dong communities till now .The article investigates tree species in some Feng -shui forests which have been well-protected and finds that there are abundant tree species in the Feng -shui forests ,in which some are rare and endangered species in the national protected species list .The rare tree species are valuable for conservation and further studies .

  13. A Study of Evaluation on Regional Science and Technology Innovation Ability in GuangDong Province%广东省区域科技创新能力评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜文仙

    2016-01-01

    通过构建广东省区域科技创新能力评价指标体系,应用灰色关联度方法,评价2000-2013年广东省的区域科技创新能力。实证分析发现,广东区域科技创新能力呈稳步上升趋势,但科技成果的产出率欠佳、知识交流不充分、劳动者素质提升较慢、产品国际竞争力不高、环境效益有待提高等具体问题不容忽视。为提高广东区域科技创新能力,提出相应的政策措施。%This paper establishes an evaluation index system,then uses grey correlation grade analysis theory to evaluate regional science and technology innovation ability of Guang Dong province during 2000-2013. Empirical analysis indicates that the ability of regional scientific and technological innovation in GuangDong province shows a steady upward trend,and at the same time the problems can not be ignored,such as low output efficiency of scientific achievements,insufficiency of knowledge exchange,limited promotion of laborer's quality,low international competitiveness of products and so on. In or-der to enhance the ability of regional scientific and technological innovation in Guangdong province,this paper puts forward countermeasures and suggestions accordingly.

  14. The Position of Dong Yu Zheng Gui in the History of Japanese Education in China%《东语正规》在中国日语教育史上的意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲜明

    2011-01-01

    《东语正规》是中国日语教育史上具有划时代意义的一部教材。与此前中国人编写的日语教材仅仅收录日语单词和日常用语相比,《东语正规》详细讲解了日语的语音和语法,对日语的品词进行了细致的划分,标志着中国人的日语学习开始逐渐走向科学和系统。从该书使用的语言学术语来看,该书既参考了当时日语语法书的术语,也借鉴并使用了中国传统语言学的术语来解释相关日语语言现象。%Dong Yu Zheng Gui was an epoch-making textbook in the history of Japanese education in China. Compared with the former Japanese textbook composed by Chinese authors, Dong Yu Zheng Gui gave a detailed description of the phonetics and grammar of Japanese and explained the parts of speech in Japanese in great detail to the Chinese, which indicates that the Chinese had begun to learn Japanese in a scientific and systematic way. From the perspective of the linguistic terminologies in this textbook, we can discover that not only the terminologies in Japanese grammar books at that time but also the terminologies of traditional Chinese were used to explain some linguistic phenomena in Japanese.

  15. The Orange-necked Partridge Arborophila davidi and five other galliforms in two protected areas in southern Vietnam

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Atkins, Robert A.; Tentij, Manon

    1998-01-01

    The Orange-necked Partridge Arborophila davidi was discovered in 1927 at Bu Kroai, Song Be Province in Vietnam (Delacour et al., 1928). Until 1991 it was considered to be extinct, when it was reported to have been seen very briefly on a site near Dac Lua, a substation of Cat Tien National Park, Dong

  16. Providing Meaningful Learning for Students of the Sixth Grade of Middle School: a Study on the Moon Phases. (Breton Title: Propiciando Aprendizagem Significativa Para Alunos do Sexto Ano do Ensino Fundamental: um Estudo sobre as Fases da Lua.) Propiciando el Aprendizaje Significativo Para Alumnos del Sexto Nivel de la Educación General Básica: un Estudio sobre Las Fases de la Luna

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darroz, Luiz Marcelo; Samudio Pérez, Carlos Ariel; da Rosa, Cleci Werner; Heineck, Renato

    2012-07-01

    We relate in this article a didactic experience studying the moon phases with a group of middle school students of a private school of the municipality of Passo Fundo, RS. Based on David Ausubel's Meaningful Learning Theory, we have sought to develop a proposal following a didactic model which simulates the phases of the Moon, as based on the previous conceptions of the students. The signs of learning were evidenced by means of memory registries of the activity. From the obtained results we believe that the proposal achieved its goals, since the students were able to identify, differentiate and transfer the phenomenon of the moon phases to new contexts. Thus, it is concluded that a methodology focused on a meaningful content for the students is fundamental to the construction and genuine grasping of what is being learned. Neste artigo, relata-se uma experiência didática de estudo das fases da Lua com uma turma do 6° ano do Ensino Fundamental, de uma escola privada do município de Passo Fundo, RS. Tendo como fundamentação teórica a Teoria da Aprendizagem Significativa de David Ausubel, buscou-se desenvolver a proposta a partir de um modelo didático que simula as fases da Lua e com base nas concepções prévias dos estudantes. Os indícios da aprendizagem foram constatados através de registros de memórias da atividade. Pelos resultados apresentados, acredita-se que a proposta alcançou seus objetivos, uma vez que os estudantes conseguiram identificar, diferenciar e transferir o fenômeno das fases da Lua para novos contextos. Assim, conclui-se que uma metodologia com enfoque em um conteúdo significativo ao estudante é fundamental para a construção e compreensão genuína do que está sendo aprendido. En este artículo se relata una experiencia didáctica de estudio de las fases de la Luna con una clase de 6º año de la educación general básica de una escuela privada del municipio de Passo Fundo, RS. Teniendo como fundamentación teórica la Teor

  17. From Pu4 la∶k10 Marriage and Fiction Blood to Regional Social Integration:Migration and Settlement of Dong Villages Along Pingtan River Applying for World Heritage%从“补拉”联姻和拟制血缘到地域社会整合--坪坦河申遗侗寨的迁徙与聚居

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜又春

    2015-01-01

    作为中国世界文化遗产预备名录的坪坦河申遗侗寨大致于宋元时期建寨,到明清时期得到繁荣。侗寨均为杂姓聚居。当地人关于族群身份的叙述有二:一方面认为自己是土著侗族;另一方面认为其先祖是宋明时期从江西或广西迁徙而来的移民。早期迁徙而来的是杨、吴等大姓,他们在坪坦河流域的定居及开发历史过程中与土著侗族、苗族结合为文化融合体。在随后的数百年中有肖、胡、冯、陈、李等十几个姓氏移民于此。土著、早期移民和后期移民在村落社会中通过“拟制血缘””和“宗姓联合”等文化手段建构其同一的侗族身份认同。沿坪坦河定居的各侗寨则经由“补拉联姻”这一特殊的婚姻制度实现地域社会的整合。%As inscribed the World Heritage Tentative List of China , Dong villages along the Pingtan River were established about in the Song or Yuan dynasty , and became prosperous in the Qing Dynasty . Dong villages are all miscellaneous surname village . There are two ethnic identity narratives from the locals:considering themselves indigenous Dong and believing their ancestors are immigrators from Jiangxi or Guangxi in the Song and Ming Dynasties . Early migrators were some big clans like Yang and Wu , and gradually became a cultural integration with indigenous Dong and Miao . In the next few hundred years , a dozen surnames immigrants settled down , including Xiao , Hu , Feng , Chen , Li and so on . The early indigenous migrators and late migrators constructed their unified Dong identity through certain cultural means such as fiction blood and surname union . And the Dong villages along Pingtan river integrated local communities through a special institution of marriage named Pu4 la∶k10 marriage .

  18. High School Student's Alternative Conceptions About the Phenomenon of the Formation of the Moon Phases. (Spanish Title: Concepciones Alternativas de Alumnos de Educación Media Sobre el Fenómeno de Formación de las Fases de La Luna.) Concepções Alternativas de Alunos do Ensino Médio Sobre o Fenômeno de Formação das Fases da Lua

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iachel, Gustavo; Langhi, Rodolfo; Fernandes Scalvi, Rosa Maria

    2008-07-01

    Forty students, at ages between 14 and 18 years old, from three schools in Bauru city, were questioned about their alternative conceptions concerning the phenomenon of formation of the Moon Phases. It was observed that some of the pupils confound the phenomenon of the formation of the Moon Phases with the phenomenon of the formation of the lunar eclipses, others are unaware of the reason of the phenomenon, they present incoherent alternative conceptions of the reality or incomplete conceptions. The results found here are aimed at the teachers of Elementary Education and can be used as a subsidy for future development of new pedagogical methods. Cuarenta estudiantes, con edad entre 14 y 18 años, pertenecientes a tres escuelas de la ciudad de Bauru, fueron cuestionados sobre sus concepciones alternativas acerca del fenómeno de la formación de las fases de la Luna. Fue observado que algunos alumnos confunden el fenómeno de formación de las fases de la Luna con el fenómeno de formación de los eclipses lunares, otros desconocen el motivo delfenómeno, presentan concepciones alternativas incoherentes con la realidad o bien presentan concepciones incompletas. Los resultados aquí encontrados son destinados a los profesores de la Enseñanza Básica y podrán ser usados como ayuda para el futuro desarrollo de nuevos métodos pedagógicos. Quarenta estudantes, com idades entre 14 e 18 anos, pertencentes a três escolas da cidade de Bauru, foram questionados sobre suas concepções alternativas acerca do fenômeno de formação das fases da Lua. Foi observado que alguns dos alunos confundem o fenômeno da formação das fases da Lua com o fenômeno da formação dos eclipses lunares, outros desconhecem o motivo do fenômeno, apresentam concepções alternativas incoerentes com a realidade ou então concepções incompletas. Os resultados aqui encontrados são destinados aos professores do Ensino Básico e poderão ser usados como subsídio parafuturo desenvolvimento de

  19. Comparation on Photosynthetic Characteristics of Ampelopsis humulifolia ‘Dong Yue Hong’and Ampelopsis humulifolia Bge%东岳红和葎叶蛇葡萄光合特性的比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方晓晓; 荀守华; 孙居文; 臧德奎; 王玉丽

    2016-01-01

    东岳红是叶蛇葡萄的一个红叶自然变异种,具有幼叶、嫩枝、卷须和花序均为紫红色及适应性强、易繁殖的特点,其选育填补了彩叶木质藤本观赏植物的空白,观赏利用前景良好。5月份是东岳红观赏性最佳的时期,为明确该时期其光合特征及与叶蛇葡萄的差异,在相同环境条件下测定分析了两者叶片的光合特性和色素含量。结果表明:两品种的净光合速率(Pn)、蒸腾速率(Tr)、气孔导度(Gs)和胞间 CO2浓度(Ci)的日变化趋势相近,无显著差异;Pn 的日变化呈双峰曲线,峰值出现在9∶00左右,15∶00左右又会出现一个小的峰值;Tr 日变化呈单峰曲线,峰值出现在13∶00左右;Gs 均呈降低趋势;Ci 为7∶00和17∶00值较高,9∶00和15∶00较低,11∶00~13∶00又有小幅回升。对光响应曲线和 CO2响应曲线的分析结果显示,两品种的光饱和点均在1600μmol·m -2·s -1左右,光补偿点均在30μmol·m -2·s -1左右,CO2饱和点均在1500μmol·m -2·s -1左右,东岳红的 CO2补偿点略高于叶蛇葡萄。同一时期相同叶位叶片中的叶绿素、类胡萝卜素、花色素苷含量,东岳红均显著高于叶蛇葡萄。%Ampelopsis humulifolia ‘Dong Yue Hong’is one variety of Ampelopsis humulifolia Bge.with red leaves,twiggery,tendril and inflorescence,and has strong adapatability for easy propagation.It fills in the blank of woody climber ornamental plant with color leaves,so it has better prospect for ornamental use.‘Dong Yue Hong’has the optimum ornamental value in May.To make clear its photosynthetic characteristics and the differences with Ampelopsis humulifolia Bge.at this stage,their photosynthetic characters and pigment contents were determined and analyzed in the same conditions.The results showed that the diurnal variation of photosynthesis (Pn),transpiration rate (Tr

  20. BERBAGAI BENTUK PENGAWASAN KEBIJAKAN DAERAH DALAM ERA OTONOMI LUAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enny Nurbaningsih

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Following the abolishment of all controlling measures except repressive control, decentralisation triggers fundamental changes in local government administration. Tight control may obstruct regions’ autonomy and hamper central-regional relation. Proportional control is indispensable for balancing out local governments’ freedom. All monitoring measures outside Act 32/2004 are unwarranted without improvement of legal instruments at central government.Dengan menghapuskan semua bentuk pengawasan kecuali pengawasan represif, desentralisasi menciptakan perubahan fundamental dalam penyelenggaraan pemerintahan daerah. Pengawasan yang ketat dapat mengekang daerah dan mengganggu hubungan pusat-daerah. Pengawasan otonomi yang proporsional diperlukan sebagai penyeimbang kebebasan pemerintahan daerah. Bentuk pengawasan di luar UU 32/2004 cenderung berlebihan tanpa perbaikan instrumen hukum tingkat pusat.

  1. Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Luas Pengungkapan Sukarela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rr. Puruwita Wardani

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Annual report is a tool for a company to disclose the company activities and it has a function as a monitoring mechanism for a company performance. This research analyzed factors which would affect voluntary disclosures, in this case were a company size, leverage, portion of shares owned by public, liquidity, profitability, and a company age. This research focused on voluntary disclosure by using stakeholder theory as a main theory which had an aim for a company business going concern. Agency theory and legitimacy theory were also used as supporting theories. This research using 79 real sector companies listed in Indonesian stock exchange in 2009 and using regression method with 95% confident level. The results of this research showed that a company size and profitability had positively significant effects to voluntary disclosures, but a company age had negatively significant effect to voluntary disclosures. Leverage, portion of shares owned by public, and liquidity did not affect to company voluntary disclosures.

  2. 侗族大歌的传承方式及生存现状--以贵州省黔东南州侗族大歌调查为例%On the Method and Current Situation of Impart and Inherit of Grand Song of Dong Ethnic Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢琛; 孙凡

    2015-01-01

    This paper was to choose the grand song of Dong ethnic group in Qiandongnan State of Guizhou Province as research object, to analysis and do fieldwork on the method and current situ-ation of impart and inherit of grand song of Dong ethnic group, and discussed that the impact of social changes and the modern media on its heritage and changes.%文章以贵州省黔东南州的侗族大歌为研究对象,对该地区侗族大歌的传承方式、传承现状进行了实地调查和分析,并探讨了社会变革及现代传媒对其传承带来的影响和变化。

  3. 苗族及侗族中学生应激性生活事件调查%Investigation of Stressful Life Events in Miao and Dong Nationality Middle School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹璇; 邓冰; 谢平霞

    2012-01-01

    Objective; To explore character of stressful life events in middle school students and to provide reference for preventing and early interposing problems of students'physical and psychological health. Methods; Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Check List( ASLEC) was performed in 839 middle school students of Miao and Dong nationality in Guizhou to analyze the occurrence rate of stressful life events, main stressors and differences of stress strength in different gender and grade students. Results; The dominant stressful life events were failure in examination and heavy study stress. Study stress and interpersonal relation factors constituted the primary stress, especially the senior high school students were confronted with the greater stress. Girls had higher scores than Boys in study stress and interpersonal relation factors. Boys had higher scores than girls in other factors. Conclusion; The frequency of Miao. and Dong nationality middle school students'stressful life events is higher, the strength of stress is different in different sex and grade students. Schools and families should attach importance to psychological health education in Miao and Dong nationality middle school students to promote the development of the students'mental health.%目的:探讨苗及侗族中学生应激性生活事件的特点,为中学生身心健康问题的预防和早期干预提供依据.方法:用青少年生活事件量表(ASLEC)对贵州省839名苗族和侗族中学生进行问卷调查,分析各类应激生活事件发生率,两个民族中学生主要应激源及不同性别、年级的中学生应激强度的差异.结果:对两个民族中学生影响较大的生活事件有考试失败和不理想、学习负担重;学习压力、人际关系因子构成中学生主要的应激源,尤其高中学生面临更大的心理应激;女学生人际关系因子和学习压力因子得分高于男学生,男学生其它因子得分高于女学生.结论:苗族和侗族

  4. 侗族粽子礼民俗的人类学考察——以贵州黎平县竹坪村为聚焦%An Anthropological Survey of Dong' s Zongzi Customs:A Case Study of Zhuping Village, Liping County, Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨红梅; 杨经华

    2012-01-01

    Zongzi as gifts of the Dong at Zhuping Village of Liping County has the role of a matchmaker. Different shapes of the gift Zongzi contain different cultural significances, directly expressing the marriage culture of the Dong, resulting in far-reaching implications for harmonious marriages and ethnic community development of the area. The origin of Dong' s Zongzi as gifts is concerned with the situations of social material and population production in specific historical conditions.%黎平县竹坪侗族粽子节中的粽子礼具有婚姻的媒介作用,不同形状的礼品粽子具有不同的文化意义,直观体现了侗族的婚姻文化,对当地侗族和谐的婚姻关系与族群社会发展具有深远影响。侗族粽子礼源起受特定历史条件下社会物质生产和人口生产状况的推动。

  5. Agri-cultural Connotation and Conservation Measures of Traditional Dong Villages: A Case Study on Xiaohuang Village,Congaing County, Guizhou Province%传统侗族村落的农业文化涵义与保护策略——以贵州省从江县小黄村为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张凯; 闵庆文; 许新亚

    2011-01-01

    分布于湘、黔、桂三省交界地区的传统侗族村落,蕴含着独特的生存理念、文化传统、科学技术,是全人类的宝贵财富,其中黔东南侗族村寨(六洞、九洞侗族村寨——贵州省黎平县、从江县、榕江县)已经在2006年被列为我国世界文化遗产后备名单.在长期的农业生活中,这些侗族村落受到农业文化的影响,蕴含着丰富的农业文化内涵,表现出明显的农业文化特征.侗族村落的选址与侗族先民的生产习惯有着某种联系;侗族村落以鼓楼为核心的结构形式是传统侗族社会组织形式的反映;村落的布局、营造受到农业活动的影响;民族建筑的造型、装饰以及建造过程都与农业生产有密切的关系.随着城市化进程的加快,传统侗族村落也面临保护与发展的问题.要将村落看成是农业文化系统中的一个组成部分,注重整体的保护;把握好"全球重要农业文化遗产"项目带来的机遇,发展旅游业;加快现代化改造,改善村落的生活环境.%The Dong people, one of the major ethnic minorities in China, live in the southeast edge of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau which is a junction of Hunan, Guizhou, and Guangxi Provinces. Because of the discommodious traffic and the asperity of the environment, a large number of traditional Dong villages were well-preserved and the influence of the modern culture was obviated. Along with social development, traditional values of Dong villages continue to be expanded and recognized. Dong villages in Qiandongnan (Dong villages in Liudong and Jiudong-Liping County, Congjiang County and Rongjiang County of Guizhou province) have been elected to the reserve list of the world cultural heritage in 2006. Congjiang “rice-fish-duck” system has been elected to the reserve list of “GIAHS” project launched in 2002. Rapid economic and social development will inevitably result in the modernization of traditional Dong. On the other hand

  6. Lunar Phases and Earthly Events: Beliefs from Different Education Levels. (Spanish Title: Fases de la Luna y Acontecimientos Terrestres: Creencia de Distintos Niveles de Instrucción.) As Fases da Lua e os Acontecimentos Terrestres: a Crença de Diferentes Níveis de Instrução

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darroz, Luiz Marcelo; da Rosa, Cleci Teresinha Werner; Alves Vizzotto, Patrick; Becker da Rosa, Álvaro

    2013-12-01

    pesquisa realizada no primeiro semestre de 2013 junto a um grupo de 80 sujeitos de diferentes níveis de instrução. Nesta pesquisa, buscou-se averiguar os acontecimentos terrestres que esse grupo de pessoas atribui ao fenômeno das fases lunares. Como instrumento de coleta de dados, foram empregadas entrevistas semiestruturadas guiadas por questões que buscavam manter a atenção dos entrevistados no objeto de investigação. As entrevistas foram gravadas e transcritas, e os resultados, após serem analisados quanti e qualitativamente, foram confrontados com estudos científicos da área. Os dados da pesquisa demonstram que a Lua e suas fases continuam fascinando e despertando o interesse da população. No entanto, a falta de conhecimentos para proferir explicações corretas relativas aos fenômenos que ocorrem com o astro acaba originando uma série de crenças na população sobre sua influência nos acontecimentos terrestres.

  7. On Cultural Function from Dong Zhong-xu's Idea of"Three Cardinal Guides and Five Constant Virtues"%论董仲舒“三纲五常”思想的文化功能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    粟佳

    2011-01-01

    Dong Zhong-xu's idea of "Three cardinal guides (ruler guides subject, father guides son and husband guides wife) and Five constant virtues ( benevolence, righteonsness, propriety, wisdom and fidelity) was used as the cardinal core of the feudual society in China. It produced deep influence in Chinese traditional ideological culture. It is of the high value of culture. The positive cultural function of the three cardinal guides and five constant virtures plays three functions of the cultural integration, the cultural guidance and the cultural broadcasting and its negative function shows the two asoects of the cultural detention and anti-culture.%董伸舒的“三纲五常”思想作为中国封建社会道德体系的基本核心,对中国传统思想文化产生了深刻影响,具有极高的文化价值。“三纲五常”思想的正向文化功能体现在文化整合功能、文化导向功能和文化传播功能三个方面;负向文化功能体现在文化滞后和反文化两个方面。

  8. Investigation of parents educational and raising methods to students of sehior high schools in Dong people districts%侗族高中生父母教养方式调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁帮军; 薛雯

    2011-01-01

    A survey was done in order to know parents' educational and raising methods and the correlative factors in Dong people districts. With the “parent' s education methods” questionnaire used to test 230 high school students, the results showed that ( 1 ) It was not positively correlated with the parental rearing pattern between girls and boys. (2)Father's emotional warmth, preference and mother'preference factors were positively correlated with parental raising methcds and parents' educational level.(3) Parental rearing styles and family income were significantly positively correlated.%采用"父母教养方式"问卷对侗族地区高中230名侗族高中学生父母教养方式及其相关因素做了调查分析.结果表明:(1)男女生在父母各因子上没有显著差异;(2)该地区父母教养方式与父母文化程度在父亲情感温暖、偏爱被试和母亲偏爱被试呈显著正相关;(3)父母教养方式与家庭的收入呈显著正相关.

  9. 七十二寨侗服饰的文化内涵%Cultural Connotation of the Costume of Seventy-Two Villages of the Dong Ethnic Minority

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡玲

    2012-01-01

    The ethnic costume is not only a kind of sign, but also a kind of language. It is a logo to distinguish different nationalities. It contains material and spiritual civilization of a nation. The costume of a nation reflects custom, totem and historical origin. By analysing the costume and pattern of the Dong, we can know more about the ethnic origin and religion.%民族服饰既是一种符号,也是一种语言,是区分不同民族的一种标识,包含一个民族的物质文明与精神文明。一个民族的服饰艺术,体现出一个民族的风俗习惯、图腾崇拜以及历史渊源。通过分析七十二寨侗服饰和图案,可以了解该地区的族源和民族信仰。

  10. MAO Ze-dong's Relapses and Divergence in the Theory of Knowing and Doing in his Later Years%毛泽东晚年在知行观问题上的反复与偏颇

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱新雯

    2001-01-01

    Mao Zedong's theory of knowing and doing mainly derives from thephilosophy of Marxism, and is deeply influenced by the traditional Chinese philosophy in his later years, especially by empiricism of Yan and Li's schools, and by anti-dogmatism, his theory of knowing and doing undergoes relapses and divergence in separating the relations of knowing and doing, and emphasizing on the intellectuals' ideological reform. However, Mao Ze-dong's historical contribution towards dialectical materialism's theory of knowing and doing cannot be denied.%毛泽东的知行观主要来自于马克思主义哲学,但也深受中国传统哲学的影响,尤其在其晚年受颜李学派经验主义的影响加之极端的反教条主义,使其知行观发生了反复和歧变,表现在割裂知行关系,强调对知识分子进行思想改造,尽管如此,我们仍不能否定毛泽东对辩证唯物主义知行观所作出的历史性贡献。

  11. The Heaven-human Relation Theory Included in Dong Zhong-shu' s Social Contract Theory%董仲舒天人关系论中包含的社会契约论思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺志韧

    2012-01-01

    The thought of social contract theory is the blueprint of the Western modern politic system;such thought early germinated in the period of Epicurus and was pushed to the top in the beginning period of the English bourgeois revolution and enlightenment campaign, the 17th century by Hobbes, Rock etc. In our country, early 2000 years ago, in the thought of Dong Zhong-shu, a great Confucian scholar of the West Han dynasty, there budded such similar thought as social contract theory. In the heaven-man relation theory of his work 〈 Spring-Autumn Dense Dew 〉 there included such theory of social contract theory.%社会契约论思想是西方现代政治制度的蓝本,这一思想早在伊壁鸠鲁时期就有所萌芽,而在17世纪英国资产阶级革命和启蒙运动开始时就被霍布斯、洛克等人推到顶峰。在我国,早在2000多年前西汉大儒董仲舒的思想中,就有了与社会契约论思想极为类似的思想萌芽。他在《春秋繁露》的天人关系论中包含有社会契约论思想。

  12. 《齐东野语》中的亲属称谓语研究%The Study of Relative Appellation Terms inQi Dong Ye Yu(齐东野语)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕玲娣

    2016-01-01

    The relative appellation terms are the tags of the relationship between the family and relatives. These relative appellation terms can distinguish old and young, superior and inferior, close and distant. As one of the classic during The Notes of Song Dynasty, the relative appellation terms inQi Dong Ye Yuare numerous. They are not only the calling sign, but also reflect the mutual relationship between families and members of the same clan in the Song Dynasty. And these relative appellation terms can help us understand the social culture of Song Dynasty.%亲属称谓是人们在家庭内部和亲属往来中相互关系的标记,用以别长幼、分尊卑和辨亲疏。《齐东野语》作为宋人笔记名著之一,其亲属称谓语数量众多,这些亲属称谓语不仅仅是简单的称呼符号,也从一个侧面反映了宋代家庭、亲族中人与人的相互关系,有助于我们了解宋代的社会风貌。

  13. 略论董必武选择共产主义的历史原因%Discussion of the Reasons for Dong Biwu to Select Communism as His Revolutionary Goal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Taking the communism as a revolutionary goal is a historical inevitability for Biwu -Dong .Good family envi-ronment made him to serve for the people , The failure of the imperial examination made him understand the essence of the feu-dal system ,and the Revolution of 1911 made him understand the fact that the ideal republic can not save China from the back-ward situation .He got to know it is the communism that is the only correct choice for China to change her historical destiny .%  董必武同志选择共产主义道路有着历史的必然性:良好的家庭环境使他树立了为人民的思想,科举考试的失败使他看透了封建王朝没落的本质,辛亥革命的失败也让他明白了资产阶级共和国是不能救中国的,只有共产主义才是中国改变自己历史命运、独立自强的唯一正确选择。

  14. 湖南侗族学生Heath-Carter体型发育特征分析%Characteristics of Heath-Carter somatotype development in Dong students from Hunan province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    皮建辉; 吴亿中; 雷鸣枝

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There are many methods for studying the somatotype of adults or children. Among them, Heath-Carter somatotype method is a comprehensive evaluation method. Using this method, 10 items of anthropometric indicators are selected and 3 factors which could be gotten to represent relative content of body fat, growth degree of skeletal muscle and relative height and thinness of body (relative line degree), are calculated, respectively.OBJECTIVE: To analyze the rules and characteristics of somatotype development in Dong students from Hunan province, so as to supplement the essential data for physical anthropology.DESIGN, TIME AND SETTING: A cross-sectional investigation was performed at the Department of Biological Engineering, Huaihua College of Hunan Province in May 2006.PARTICIPANTS: A total of 989 Dong students (boys 492, girls 497), aged 7 to 17 years, were selected from the primary schools or middle schools of Tongdao Dong Nationality Autonomous Country in Hunan province and recruited into the present study. All the selected students were verified healthy by physical examinations at school. The subjects were divided into two groups by gender, and each group was divided into 11 subgroups according to the age.METHODS: By Heath-Carter somatotype method, 10 anthropological indexes were measured. Each indicator was measured twice and the average value was selected. The above-mentioned data were input into the computer to form a database. The following indicators were calculated in turn: 3 factors on somatotype, coordinate values of X and Y on somatotype chart, mean of dimensional distances from the average somatotype to all somatotypes in the sample, difference between the two somatotypes in three-dimensional space and frequency distribution of each somatotype.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Height, body mass, upper arm circumference, calf circumference, intracondylar diameters of humerus and femur, skinfold of brachial triceps, subscapular skinfold, skinfold of

  15. 春用家蚕新品种华·东×春·晨的育成%Breeding of a New Silkworm Variety “Hua. Dong x Chun. Chen” for Spring Rearing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈建华; 张金卫; 姚耀涛; 丁农; 金卫明

    2011-01-01

    采用幼虫4龄期人工添食20mg/kg氟化纳溶液定向选择耐氟污染性能和杂交育种、回交改良等育种技术,育成了具有耐氟污染特性的春用多丝量家蚕新品种华·东×春·晨.该品种在浙江省家蚕新品种实验室共同鉴定和农村生产试验鉴定中,表现出体质强健、耐氟性好、产茧量高、茧型大、丝质优等特点,其中氟敏指数检测数据显示其耐氟性能明显强于春用品种菁松×皓月,并达到了秋用耐氟污染品种秋丰×白玉的水平.新品种在农村生产试验鉴定中,产茧量及丝质成绩普遍优于当地对照品种菁松×皓月和秋丰×白玉,特别是盒种产茧量分别超过对照品种菁松×皓月和秋丰×白玉7%、12%左右.2010年2月该品种已通过浙江省农作物品种审定委员会审定,适合在浙江省及长江中下游蚕区特别是氟化物污染较严重的蚕区春期推广饲养.%By employing breeding techniques including directional selection on fluoride endurance ability through administering 20 mg/kg NaF solution to 4th instar silkworm larvae, cross breeding, and backcross improvement, a new silkworm variety named “Hua.Dong x Chun. Chen” with endurance to fluoride and high silk yield for spring rearing was bred. Results of laboratory identification and rural production test in Zhejiang Province showed that larvae of this variety were strong and healthy, had high endurance to fluoride, had high cocoon yield, made big cocoons, and had excellent silk quality etc. Survey data on fluoride sensitivity index showed that its endurance to fluoride was obviously higher than the variety Jingsong x Haoyue for spring rearing, and was close to that of the fluoride endurable variety Qiufeng x Baiyu for autumn rearing. The performance of this variety in rural production test showed that cocoon yield and silk quality from rearing 222 cases of silkworm eggs were generally higher than those of the control variety Jingsong x Haoyue and

  16. A Study on Female Education and Literature of Anh-dong Kim Family%安东金氏家族的女性教育与女性创作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左江

    2015-01-01

    虽然朝鲜社会的主流思想认为女性的职责是“中馈织纴”,“文墨之才非其所宜”,但士大夫阶层从家族传承与子女教育的角度出发,认为女性也应该学习《小学》、《内训》、《女诫》等等,这就为女性读书识字开启了门径。而安东金氏家族的男性对女性亲近书册尤为包容,在他们的鼓励与帮助之下,家族中出现了不少有“女中君子”、“女中大儒”之称的女性。再加上金盛达的倡导,更使家族女性文学达到繁盛,金浩然斋就是其中最出色的女性文人。由一斑窥全豹,从安东金氏家族女性文学的兴盛可以看出16世纪后期至18世纪中期朝鲜女性教育与女性创作的关系。%It was a main mainstream idea in the period of the Joseon Dynasty that a woman's place was in the house doing household chores like cooking and needlework while reading and literary creation was inappropriate for them. However, in consideration of family tradition and children's education, the scholar officials class thought women also needed to study Xiaoxue, Neixun, Nüjie and so forth, which opened up a gateway for women to read and write. In Anh-dong Kim family, men not only showed great tolerance toward women's interest in reading and writing, but also encouraged them to do so, hence there appeared quite a few brilliant women in the family known as “women of noble characters” or “great female scholars”. Besides, with Kim Seongdal's support, female literature thrived in the family, from which Kim Hoyeonjae was one of the greatest female literators. As the old saying goes,“from the claw we may infer the lion”. The prosperity of female literature in Anh-dong Kim Family offers us a glimpse of the relationship between female education and female literature in the period of the Joseon Dynasty from the late 16th century to the middle of 18th century.

  17. 在边缘处坚守和寻找——韩东小说论%Standing and Seeking at the Edge: Theory of Han Dong Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫宁

    2012-01-01

    Since the 1990s, the new generation writer of novels Han Dong tried to destroy the traditional speech form and explored a new road of the literary creation. Through this way, literature will go away from political and social factors thoroughly and return the ego itself defected. Reading Hart Dong'novels, you will find the third path to return literature called on the narrative strategy of doing nothing and forceful. Han Dong's novels at the edge developed experimental way of writing from three aspects: a variety of possibilities of history display, no attitude private narrative strategy and philosophical thinking of life in the absurd, providing possibilities for the development of diversified literature in the new period .%20世纪90年代以来,新生代作家韩东的小说创作试图、在对传统话语形态的破坏中探索一条新的文学创作之路.实现文学在本体意义上对政治、社会的彻底叛逃而回归自我本身。阅读韩东你会发现一条回归文学的第三条道路,即叙述策略上的无为而有为。韩东的小说创作坚持边缘化的立场。以对历史呈现的多种可能.性、元姿态的私人叙述策略和荒诞中对生命的哲学思考等三个方面展开对写作的实验性开拓.为新时期文学爹样化的发展提供了更多的可能性。

  18. 对庆阳地区陇东绒山羊"营养代谢症"的病因分析%Nutritional Analyze of Mineral Elements for Grazing Long-Dong White Cashmere Goats in Qing-Yang Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伍力; 孙效名; 李铁军; 印遇龙; 周占琴; 徐吕子

    2011-01-01

    A series of comprehensive experiments were conducted to investigate the nutritional status of the Long-Dong cashmere goats in Qing-Yang area, which suffered nutritional metabolic disease characterized by muscular dystrophy sharp teeth exposure, coat adhesion and lambs suffering from rickets. Through local soil evaluation, serum biochemical parameters detection, component analysis of the hair and clinical symptoms observation, the results indicated that the goats undergone severe selenium and phosphoms deficiency, whereas the excessive intake of iron and copper had reached toxic dose which has inhibited the absorption of zinc. Thus caused the disease.%针对庆阳地区陇东绒山羊普遍出现的以肌肉萎缩、牙尖外露、被毛粘连、幼畜佝偻等症状为特征的地方性营养代谢病,本试验通过对土壤、血液、被毛中矿物元素含量三方面指标进行测定,探讨羊只的矿物元素营养状况与"营养代谢症"之间的关系.结果表明:虽然摄入的钙、锰等元素基本能满足羊群的代谢需求,但机体缺硒少磷现象严重,且摄入的铁和铜已达中毒剂量,影响了其他元素如锌的吸收.此为造成病症的主要原因.

  19. Professor DONG Gui-rong's experience for the treatment of peripheral facial paralysis%东贵荣教授针刺治疗周围性面瘫经验撷要

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹莲瑛; 沈特立; 张伟; 陈思卉

    2012-01-01

    Professor DONG Gui-rong' s theoretical principle and manipulation points for peripheral facial paralysis were introduced in details from the angels of syndrome differentiation, timing, acupoint prescription and needling methods. For the syndrome differentiation and timing, the professor emphasized to check the treatment timing and follow the symptoms, which should be treated by stages, besides, it was necessary to find and distinguish the reason and nature of diseases to have a combined treatment of tendons and muscles. For the acupoint prescription and needling methods, he has proposed that the acupoints selection should be compatible of distal and lacal, and made a best of Baihui (GV 20) to regulate the whole yang qi, also he has paid much attention to the needling methods and staging treatment. Under the consideration of late stage of peripheral facial paralysis, based on syndrome differentiation Back-shu points have been selected to regulate zang-fu function, should achieve much better therapeutic effect.%从辨证、时机、配穴和刺法上详细介绍了东贵荣教授针刺治疗周围性面瘫的理论基础与施术要点.在辨证及时机上,强调审时循症,分期施治;求因辨性,筋肉合治.在配穴及刺法上,主张远近配伍,善用百会,统调一身之阳气;重视刺法,讲究分期施术.治疗面瘫后期患者,注重背俞穴的配伍,从脏腑辨证取穴入手,针穴位调脏腑,可提高临床疗效.

  20. A Comparative Study of the Conception of Honor and Shame between Mao Ze-dong and Deng Xiao-ping%毛泽东、邓小平荣辱观之比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于伟峰; 柴智

    2014-01-01

    毛泽东、邓小平荣辱观具有许多相同点:都是对马克思主义荣辱观的继承和发展;都建立在中国传统文化的深厚积淀上;核心精神一致---为人民谋利益;基本内容一致;都是推进马克思主义中国化的重要动力。毛泽东、邓小平荣辱观思想也存在不同点:产生的历史背景不同;实践基础不同;在对待贫富问题上有差别性认识;人才观不同。邓小平对毛泽东荣辱观的发展主要表现在爱国主义和对待劳动问题上。%Both Mao Ze-dong and Deng Xiao-ping shared a lot of common conceptions on honor and shame.Both of them have inherited and developed the Marxist conception of honor and shame;their theories are all based on the profound accumulation of China’s traditional culture;their core spirit is the same with each other - to serve the people;and their basic content is the same - to push forward the sinicization of Marxism.Their conceptions have also differences in the historical back-ground,practical basis,disparity consciousness to the problems of wealth and poverty,and the notion of talents.Deng Xiao-ping has developed Mao Ze-dong’s conception of honor and shame especially in patriotism and labor.

  1. Observation des influences du changement du couvert forestier sur le comportement hydrologique de grands bassins versants tropicaux a l'aide de la teledetection numerique: Cas du bassin versant de Dong Nai, Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pham, Trinh Hung

    Monitoring hydrological behavior of a large tropical watershed following a forest cover variation has an important role in water resource management planning as well as for forest sustainable management. Traditional methods in forest hydrology studies are Experimental watersheds, Upstream-downstream, Experimental plots, Statistical regional analysis and Watershed simulation. Those methodes have limitations for large watersheds concerning the monitoring time, the lack of input data especially about forest cover and the capacity of extrapolating results accurately in terms of large watersheds. Moreover, there is still currently a scientific debate in forest ecology on relation between water and forest. The reason of this problem comes from geographical differences in publication concerning study zones, experimental watershed size and applied methods. It gives differences in the conclusions on the influence of tropical forest cover change on the changes of outlet water and yet on the yearly runoff in terms of large watershed. In order to exceed the limitations of actual methods, to solve the difficulty of acquiring forest cover data and to have a better understanding of the relation between tropical forest cover change and hydrological behavior evolution of a large watershed, it is necessary to develop a new approach by using numeric remote sensing. We used the watershed of Dong Nai as a case study. Results show that a fusion between TM and ETM+ Landsat image series and hydro-meteorologic data allow us to observe and detect flooding trends and flooding peaks after an intensive forest cover change from 16% to 20%. Flooding frequency and flooding peaks have clearly decreased when there is an increase of the forest cover from 1983 to 1990. The influence of tropical forest cover on the hydrological behavior is varying with geographical locations of watershed. There is a significant relation between forest cover evolution and environmental facteurs as the runoff

  2. 董仲舒的忠孝理论与汉代忠孝伦理制度%Dong Zhongshu's Theory of Filial Piety and Loyalty and Ethical System in Han Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李佳哲

    2012-01-01

      Great Unification situation has been formed in Han Dynasty. In order to adapt to such a political situation, philosophers of Han Dynasty integrate the moral and ethical concepts in the beginning of Han Dynasty. In this innovation process, Dong Zhongshu plays an important role, giving a new interpretation of the reasonableness of loyalty and filial piety with the conepts of heaven and isomorphism theory of home and country. Thus, the ethical success of loyalty and filial piety in Confucianism rise as the state ideology of the Han Dynasty, as well as a universal ethical beliefs in later Chinese community.%  汉代,大一统的局面已经形成,为了适应这一政治局面,汉代经学家对汉初道德伦理观念进行了理论性整合,在这一理论创新过程中,董仲舒发挥了重要作用,他利用“天”的观念和“家国同构理论”,对忠、孝的合理性做出了新的解释,使儒家所提倡的忠、孝伦理成功上升为汉代的国家意识形态,同时也为汉代及以后的中国社会提供了一种全民的伦理信仰。

  3. “屋山头”的文化嬗变:对清水江流域一个侗族村落的历史人类学考察%The Cultural Changes of WUSHANTOU:A Historical and Anthropological Survey of a Dong Village in the Qingshuijiang River Basin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张银锋

    2011-01-01

    From the external representation,the Dong living in the Qingshuijiang River Basin have their clan systems and culture quite similar with the Han's.In fact,only after the exploitation of the southwest border areas by the central government of the Qing Dynasty,the Dong began to establish gradually their clan systems with various cultural functions on the basis of Wushantou Organization under the impact of borrowed culture.In this process,the operating mechanism was growing better to adapt to the clan organizations.The present study of the Dong village of Quidan will lead to the understanding of local social and historical changes as well as to enrich the perspectives and results of the research of clans.%从外在的表征来看,清水江流域侗族的宗族制度及文化基本上与汉族的大同小异。但实际上,在清代中央政府对西南边疆开发之后,当地侗族才在外来文化的影响下,逐步在"屋山头"的基础上建构起了具有多种文化功能的宗族制度。在此过程中,与宗族组织发展相适应的运行机制也逐渐趋于完善和成熟起来。对魁胆侗寨的研究,既有助于增进我们对地方社会历史变迁的理解,而且可以进一步丰富宗族研究的视野和成果。

  4. 侗族文化保护传承的问题与对策调查研究--基于贵州省黎平县实证调研%Research on the Cultural Heritage and Protection of Dong Minority-Based on Empirical Research in Liping County of Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈平; 杨小冬; 王银凤

    2013-01-01

    侗族文化在大众文化层面、技术文化层面、制度文化层面和价值文化层面都具有优越的价值和魅力,是侗族人民的精神支柱。随着社会转型的深化发展,侗族文化面临着传承者质的落后和量的微少,保护和传承主体责任不明确、资金不到位或缺位,文化价值与经济价值脱节,文化权益分配不均衡等问题。基于贵州省黎平县的实证调研,提出3条对策:第一,充分发挥市场经济积极作用,满足文化主体的利益需求;第二,发展教育,培养文化专业技能传承人才,为侗族文化的保护和传承提供支撑;第三,在社会舆论与宣传方面,建立社会联动机制,加强对侗族生态文化的宣传推广,增进社会对侗族文化的认知,从而强化社会支持。%The culture of Dong minority has superior value and charm in the mass culture,culture of technology,institutional culture and value of culture.It is the spiritual pillar of the Dong people.With the development of socialist market economy,the Dong culture is faced with such problems as the low quality and small quantity of inheritors,unclear responsibility of protector and inheritance,lack of funds,disj unc-tion between cultural and economic value,and unbalanced distribution of cultural rights and interests.On the basis of the empirical research in Liping County of Guizhou Province,the paper puts forward three countermeasures:giving full play to the positive role of market economy,and meeting the interests demand of cultural subj ect;developing education and cultivating professional talents;and establishing social linkage mechanism,strengthening the ecological and cultural promotion,promoting the social cognition in the Dong culture,and intensifying the social support.

  5. The Methology of Marxist Aesthetics and "Practical Ontology Aesthetics"——An Discussion With Mr.DONG Xue-wen%也谈马克思主义美学和“实践存在论美学”的方法论问题——兼与董学文先生商榷

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张瑜

    2012-01-01

    董学文先生的批评文章曲解海德格尔与实践存在论美学的关系,力图把实践存在论美学的基础——马克思存在论思想曲解为海德格尔的存在论思想,并力图以唯心主义和存在主义来定位海德格尔学说,以此排斥实践存在论对海德格尔学说的有益吸收,这在学理上是站不住脚的,而且董学文先生对存在论概念的理解存在着诸多错误,如把存在论归为唯心主义,认为存在论是反认识论的,把存在论与世界观和宇宙观概念相混淆。在对马克思主义解读问题上排斥任何从新的视角上的理论探索,这本身就不符合马克思主义。%The critical article by DONG Xue-wen misinterprets the relationship between Heidegger and the practical ontological aesthetics.Mr.DONG not only attempts to misinterprets the basis of practical ontological aesthetics——Marx’s ontological thoughts as Heidegger’s ontological thoughts,but also tries to define heidegger’s theory as idelism and existentialism,so as to exlude the useful absorption of practical ontological aesthetics from Heidegger’s theory.This is untenable in theory.Besides,there are many mistakes in DONG Xue-wen’s understanding of the concept of ontology.For example,classifying ontology to idealism,regarding ontology as being anti-epistemological,and confounding the concept of ontology with that of world view.He holds that the arbitrary and dogmatic attitude on interpreting the Marxism and rejects any new perspectives on theoretical exploration,which are not consistent with the Marxism.These are our fundamental differences with DONG Xue-wen.

  6. 韩国东海天然地奖水天津市场现状研究%The Market Situation of Dong Hae Di Jang Soo, a Bottled Mineral Water from Korea

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗明薇; 周璇

    2014-01-01

    As the brand of Dong Hae Di Jang Soo is less popular and the bottled mineral water prices high now, it is difficult to increase its market share in Tianjin. In general, the market of high-end water is immature in Tianjin, all brands of the water not selling well. However, the market potential is great with an increasing demand of the water by an impressive amount of high-income target consumers in the city. Given that, brand operators of the water shall seize the opportunity to promote the brand by building brand awareness and reputation and expand its market share while breaking the monopoly of other foreign brands.%目前,韩国东海天然地奖水由于品牌知名度低,产品价格偏高,提升其在天津市场占有率还有一定难度。总体上,天津高端水市场发育尚不成熟,各品牌销售情况不佳,但天津高收入目标消费者数量可观,对高端水的需求不断增长,消费潜力很大,市场前景非常乐观。韩国东海天然地奖水经营者应该认识到天津高端水市场尚未被充分开发的现状,顺应消费趋势,抓住市场上缺少领导品牌的有利时机,强化品牌推广,努力提升品牌知名度、美誉度,打破国外其他品牌的独占和垄断格局,扩大其市场份额。

  7. 内江市东兴区2011年手足口病流行病学特征分析%Epidemiological characteristics of hand-foot mouth disease in 2011, DongXing district,NeiJiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑显慧

    2013-01-01

    To analyze the epidemiological features of hand-foot mouth disease(HFMD) in DongXing district of NeiJiang , provide evidence to make out effective control and prevention strategy. Methods Making descriptive analysis of epidemic data from the China Disease Prevention and Control Information System and individual cases, take pathogen detection of some patients, analyze and deal with the laboratory data via spss13.0 statistical software. Results 594 cases of Hand-foot mouth disease was reported as a total data in 2011, the incidence rate is 79.2202/10 0000, it make up mainly by children under five years old, about 559 cases, There is statistically significant in gender and age, the enterovirus EV71 is the main pathogens of Dongxing District children HFMD. Conclusion The HFMD incidence is at high level in Dongxing District in 2011 . Strengthen the control of scattered children and childcare institutions is the key to prevent to the outbreak of HFMD.%目的了解内江市东兴区手足口病流行病学特征,为制定科学有效的防控策略提供依据.方法对来源于《中国疾病预防控制信息系统》的疫情资料和病例个案资料进行描述性分析,对部分患者进行病原学检测,对实验室数据用spss13.0统计软件进行分析处理.结果东兴区2011年共报告手足口病594例,发病率为79.2202/10万,发病以5岁以下儿童为主,发病559例,发病的性别、年龄分布有统计学意义,肠道病毒EV71是引起东兴区儿童手足口病的主要病原体.结论2011年东兴区手足口病发病率居较高水平,加强以散居儿童为重点人群和以托幼机构为重点场所的群防群控是预防手足口病的关键.

  8. 青年团大连地方组织第一任书记董秀峰的爱国斗争活动%The First Secretary of Dalian Local Youth Group --Dong Xiu-feng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘功成

    2015-01-01

    Dong Xiu-feng, the first secretary of Dalian local youth group, one of the founders of the first indus-trial trade unions in Dalian met Li Zhen-ying, the Chinese Communist Party member in 1924, and he actively participated in building up Dalian printing trade union, making a great contribution to the working class struggle, after which he earnestly devoted to educating the workers and the staff with their political awareness, and he also trained workers and promoted the unions’growth while creating the printing trade union. He joined the Chinese Socialist Youth League and become the first leader of Dalian Local Youth League organization contributing to the patriotic struggle against imperialism.%董秀峰,青年团大连地方组织第一任书记、大连第一个产业工会主要创建人之一。其于1924年结识中共党人李震瀛,积极投入筹建大连印刷工会活动,为统一工人阶级斗争作出重要贡献。在工会建成后,他认真履行职责,注重职工教育,对提高会员的政治觉悟起到积极作用,并且培养了一批工人运动骨干,使大连印刷工会力量不断发展壮大。而在创建印刷工会的同时,他毅然加入中国社会主义青年团,成为青年团大连地方组织的第一位领导人,为积极组织大连青年和进步社团开展爱国反帝斗争作出重大贡献。

  9. 论鱼塘建构对文化生态的支撑功能——基于对贵州黄岗侗族社区的思考%On the Supportive Functions of Fish Ponds to Cultural Ecology:A Study Based on the Survey of the Dong Community of Huanggang in Guizhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨曾辉; 李银艳; 彭书佳

    2012-01-01

    在侗族传统村寨的整个结构当中,鱼塘扮演着极为关键的角色。人为建构起来的鱼塘次生生态系统之所以能够获得侗族乡民的喜爱,原因是多方面的。一方面,鱼塘自身存在着诸多的生态调节功能,能够为侗族社区的正常运转提供力所能及的物质、能量和信息。另一方面,在侗族传统社会的建构过程当中,以及侗族传统文化与当地自然生态环境相互磨合的过程中,人工建构起来的鱼塘获得侗族传统文化的某些属性,成为了侗族传统文化生态的有机构成部分。通过田野调查表明,目前典岗的鱼塘总面积还占据着整个村寨聚落总面积的1/3以上,而再将当地乡民的回忆和相关的历史文献结合后发现,在早期村寨建构时,这里的水域面积占到了村寨聚落85%以上。在考虑到当地自然地理环境的特殊性,特别是地表崎岖不平这种特定的地貌背景之后,对形成这样大比例的固定水域,显然是出自人工的有意配置,而不是纯自然运行的产物。这样的人工配置目标则是要让鱼塘为村寨的整体建构发挥三大功能:一是对区域水循环的调控功能;二是起到"防火带"的安全护卫功能;三是带来丰厚的综合产出效益。%Fish ponds play a key role in the whole structure of Dong traditional villages. There are various reasons for Dong people’s love of the secondary eco-system of man-made fish ponds. On one hand, fish ponds, with their ecological adjustment functions, can provide materials, energies and information for the normal operation of Dong communities. On the other hand, such ponds, in the process of Dong’s traditional social construction and the mutual integration between Dong traditional culture and the local natural environment, have obtained some qualities of Dong traditional culture and have thus become an organic component of Dong’s traditional cultural ecology. The survey shows that such ponds

  10. 天津市东丽区病媒生物密度调查结果与分析%Vector density survey results and analysis of Dongli district, Tianjin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许明

    2012-01-01

    Objective To get an insight into the species of biological vectors and their seasonal fluctuation in Dongli district, Tianjin, providing a scientific basis for the control of the hazards of biological vectors. Methods The national biological vector surveillance program was followed for the selection of the surveillance sites, with the night trapping method, trapping lamp method, cage trap method and adhesive killing method used to investigate the density of the rats, mosquitoes, flies and cockroaches. Results It was found that Rattus norvegicus was the dominant species in Dongli district, accounting for 79.55% of the total, followed by Mus musculus, accounting for 20.45%. The rat density peaked in August, followed in May. The density of mosquitoes varied with different habitats with the highest density seen in the livestock shed accounting for 19.52/(lights · h), followed by farmer houses, green parks, hospitals and residential areas. Musca domestica was the dominant fly species, accounting for 58.40% of the total number of the captured. The brown-tail Boettcherisca peregrina and M. sorbes accounted for 20.41% and 7.13%, respectively, the habitats listed in a descending order in terms of the number of flies captured were farmers' houses> markets > residential > green belt. The dominant species of cockroach was Blattella germanica, accounting for 99.81% of the total number of the captured, with its density and infestation rates highest in the farmers market. Conclusion Of all the surveillance sites investigated, the highest rat density is seen in catering industry, the highest rat density of mosquitoes in cattle sheds and the highest density of flies and cockroaches in farmers markets. Prevention and control of the vectors should be taken seriously.%目的 了解天津市东丽区病媒生物的种类及其季节消长规律,为控制病媒生物的危害提供科学依据.方法 按照全国病媒生物监测方案设置监测点,分别采用夹夜法、诱蚊灯

  11. Expression of CCR5 gene mRNA to hepatitis B virus infection in Dong minority%侗族乙型肝炎中CCR5 mRNA的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张禾璇; 何燕; 单可人; 官志忠

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the expression of CCR5 gene mRNA in peripheral blood of the population between Con-gj iang Dong minority from Guizhou,and to evaluate the relevance between CCR5 gene and hepatitis B infection.Methods A total of twenty individuals with AHB infection(AHB group,20 cases),thirty individuals with CHB infection(CHB group,32 cases),Fifty healthy controls of peripheral blood were recruited to conduct a case-control study among Dong ethnicity.Total RNA from blood was extracted and purified by the trizol-phenol-chloroform one-step method.Expression of CCR5 mRNA was detected by using SYBR green supermix real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR.Results The relative expression of CCR5 mRNA in AHB infectiong-roup was (1.119 9±0.723 3),the data of CCR5 mRNA in CHB group was (0.582 3±0.273 6),the data of CCR5 mRNA in con-trol group was (0.798 5±0.349 2)respectively.The results showed that the expression level of CCR5 mRNA in AHB group was significantly higher than that of the control group,CCR5 mRNA expression was lower in CHB group than in control group,the ex-pression level of CCR5 mRNA in AHB group was significantly higher than CHB group(P0.05).Conclusion CCR5 gene is associated with AHB and CHB,there is positive correlation between the expression instensity of CCR5 mRNA and the clearance degrees of HBV possibly.%目的:探讨贵州从江侗族人群外周血白细胞趋化因子受体CCR5(CCR5)基因的mRNA表达与急性乙型肝炎(AHB组)、慢性乙型肝炎(CHB组)的相关性。方法选取侗族人群AHB感染者20例(AHB组)、CHB患者32例(CHB组),以同期该区健康侗族人群50例作为对照组,Trizol-酚-氯仿一步法提取外周血白细胞总 RNA,应用实时荧光定量 RQ-PCR技术检测外周血CCR5 mRNA表达水平。结果 AHB组外周血CCR5 mRNA相对表达量为(1.1199±0.7233),CHB组为(0.5823±0.2736),对照组外周血CCR5 mRNA相对表达量为(0.7985±0.3492

  12. 引水式小水电对重庆东河大型底栖动物多样性的影响%Impacts of small diversion type hydropower station on benthic macroinvertebrates biodiversity in Dong River in Chongqing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王强; 袁兴中; 刘红; 张耀光; 王志坚

    2014-01-01

    为研究引水式小水电对山区河流底栖动物群落结构及多样性的影响,2011年6月对重庆东河白里电站和红花电站库尾上游河段、库区河段、引水坝下减水河段、电站出水口上游河段、电站出水口下游河段的底栖动物进行调查。调查共采集到大型底栖动物43种,隶属3门4纲30科。结果表明:各河段底栖动物群落结构差异不大,蜉蝣目、毛翅目昆虫为优势类群,各河段水质并无明显差异;库区河段受泥沙淤积影响,降低了生境多样性和异质性,底栖动物密度、生物量和多样性指数显著低于电站出水口下游河段;坝下河段流量减少,生境适宜性降低,底栖动物密度、生物量和多样性明显降低。%In order to explore the influence of small diversion type hydropower stations on macroinvertebrates community and diversity, macroinvertebrates of five river reaches ( upstream of reservoir , reservoir, downstream of the dam and downstream of the station ) of Baili and Honghua stations on Dong River located in Chongqing , China were investigated in June of 2011 .Our results indicated that forty-three species were collected in the survey , subordinating to thirty families , four classes and three phylums .The influences of two small diversion type hydropower stations on macroinvertebrates were not obvious and Ephemeroptera or Trichoptera were still the dominant taxon in all the sampled river reaches .As a conse-quence of sediment deposition , water depth of the reservoir was shallow and its flow pattern was still lotic , which was quite different from that of large dams .Component of macroinvertebrate community in the reservoir was not significantly different from the reaches unaffected by the dam , but the density , biodiversity and biomass were significantly depressed as a result of the loss of habitat diversity and heterogeneity .Mean water width, depth, speed and discharge of the reach in the down

  13. Comparative Research on the Academic Ideology of Wai Ke Zheng Zhi Quan Sheng Ji and Dong Tian Ao Zhi%《外科证治全生集》与《洞天奥旨》学术思想的比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    和中浚; 周兴兰

    2012-01-01

    After comparative study of Wai Ke Zheng Zhi Quart Sheng Ji and Dong Tian Ao Zhi, it is found that both of them attach importance to the treatment of syndrome differentiation of Yin and Yang, strongly advocate internal treatment, oppose gentle external treatment and have the same academic views on treating the Yin syndrome with warm - na-tured drugs, etc. In other words, there is certain relationship between them that they are with the same academic sources. Wai Ke Zheng Zhi Quan Sheng Ji mainly has more advantages in the treatment of dorsal furuncle, while from theperspective of Dong Tian Ao Zhi, its relevant richer contents were discussed earlier and the viewpoints are comparatively more reasonable. Therefore, in terms of generally discussed Quansheng sect of external diseases and surgical sects that advocate internal treatment, the academic contribution of Dong Tian Ao Zhi cant be neglected and a higher academic position shall be granted to it from the perspective of academic schools of surgery.%通过对《外科证治全生集》与《洞天奥旨》的比较研究,发现二者在重视阴阳辨证治疗、力主内治,反对轻用外治,以及温药治疗阴证等方面有着相同的学术主张,二者存在学术渊源关系.《外科证治全生集》主要在阴疽的治疗上更具优势,《洞天奥旨》相关论述内容更早且更为丰富,见解较为合理.因此,就通常所论的外科全生派及力主内治的外科学派来说,不能忽视《洞天奥旨》的学术贡献,应该从外科学术流派的角度给予它更高的学术地位.

  14. Magic Bomb or Depth Charge?---Media Effect Study and Reflection Based on a Dong Minority Village%“魔弹”还是“深水炸弹”?--基于一个侗族山寨的传媒效果研究及反思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙运荣

    2014-01-01

    关于传媒效果的研究,一直有不同的观点。本文以一个湘西侗寨的传媒实践为个案,分析了大众传媒在少数民族社会文化变迁中的作用,发现大众传媒并非像拉斯维尔所说的“魔弹”那样直接而强大,而是像“深水炸弹”一样受到各种“社会引信”的调控。它以其华丽的外表隐藏在人们的日常生活的茫茫大海中,一旦遇到恰当的“引爆水深”就会发生爆炸,其爆炸的威力是巨大,影响是深远的。但是这种威力和影响同时受到“社会引信”的调控,这种“社会引信”就是隐藏在大众传媒背后的各种社会关系。%There has been different opinions about the media effect study . The author of this paper analyses the role of mass media in the Dong Minority'social-cultural change based on a case study of a Dong Minority'village South-western China , and pointed out that the mass media is not a magic bomb playing as such powerful role in the Dong Minority'social-cultural change as Harold Lasswell has told but a depth charge controlled by all kinds of social fuses with a beautiful appearance hided in the boundless sea of daily life . The depth charge will explode at once it meet the appropriate conditions , the power is huge and the influence is far . While the power and influence is controlled by the social fuse that is all kinds of social conditions hided behind the mass media .

  15. The Exploration of Financial Path for City and Industry Integration of ZhunDong Economic and Technological Development Zone%准东经济技术开发区产城融合发展的金融路径探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李硕; 李燕; 刘博涛; 张佳俊

    2016-01-01

    随着准东经济技术开发区产城融合的加快发展,开发区的企业对资金和设备的需求也与日俱增。通过分析短期融资券、中期票据等金融手段在企业融资过程中与银行贷款等手段比较,得出短期融资券、中期票据等金融手段具有明显的优势,其对开发区内企业的信誉积累、资金利用率的提高起到了推动作用。同时对于设备的需求可以建立准东租赁站,结合实证分析,讨论了金融租赁这一金融工具对开发区内的企业在设备需求及更新方面的作用。这为目前准东开发区在产城融合发展中面临的问题,给出了一些可行路径。%With the quickening of ZhunDong economic and technological development area. The demands of Development zone enterprise for capital and equipment is also growing. It is concluded that the short-term financing bonds, medium-term notes has a significant advantage by comparing short-term financing bills, medium-term notes and bank loans. It can improve the credibility and capital utilization rate of development zone.At the same time, we can establish ZhunDong rental station for instruments. With the empirical analysis, the influence of financial rent on equipments needs and updating aspects for development zone enterprises are discussed. It can provide some efficient way to solving the problems ZhunDong development zone is facing.

  16. Relation Study of P.E.Class Pyschological S atte and Psychological Health of Senior High School Students in Miao and Dong Area%苗侗地区高中生体育课心理状态与心理健康的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关文涛; 程纪香

    2016-01-01

    中国高中生年龄范围大致是15—19岁,这是一个人身心成长的黄金时期,也是未成年人到成年人过度时期。随着国家新课改要求的更新,教师们开始注意和加强学生心理健康教育。本文通过对苗侗地区高中生及教师发放体育课心理状态调查表和心理健康调查表,分析苗侗地区高中生体育课心理状态与心理健康的关系。研究发现体育课心理状态与心理健康成正相关。%Chinese senior high school students are roughly 15 to 19 years old, the golden age of body and mind growth as well as the transition period from adolescent to adult .With requirement of national new curriculum reform updates, teachers begin to pay attention to and strengthen students'psychological health education .Through distributing P.E.class psychological state questionnaires and psychological health questionnaires among senior high school students and teachers in Miao and Dong area , the paper analyzes the relation between P .E.class psychological state and psychological health of senior high school students in Miao and Dong area .The study discovers that P.E.class psychological state is positively related with psychological health .

  17. “王化”背景下的族谱编撰与身份建构——贵州清水江下游清代苗侗家谱研究%Genealogy Compiling and Identity Construction in the Context of the Royal State: A Research of Miao and Dong Genealogies in the Lower Reaches of the Qingshui River in Guizhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙泽江; 李斌; 吴才茂

    2012-01-01

    以田野调查所收集的大量清水江下游地区清代和民国版本的苗族侗族家谱为中心,考察了清代清水江下游苗族侗族的建祠修谱、移民记忆、祖先祭祀等宗族活动。认为清代清水江下游地区兴起的以儒家伦理思想为宗旨的宗族制度是边缘社会土著族群建构正统文化身份的普遍策略,同时也是王朝国家推行教化政策,建构边疆社会秩序的重要工具。%Focused on a large number of Miao and Dong genealogies from the Qing Dynasty and the Republic of China collected through fieldwork, the present study is to make a survey of the activities of Miao and Dong clans in the lower reaches area of the Qingshui River in the Qing Dynasty in terms of ancestral hall constructions, genealogy compiling, immigrant memories, ancestor worship and so on. It is concluded that the clan system centered in Confucian ethics was not only the general strategy of orthodox cultural identity construction of the indigenous clans of the marginal social communities in the area, but also an important tool of the royal state to implement its enlightenment policy and to maintain the social order of border areas in the Qing Dynasty.

  18. A Study of Ecological Conducts under Cultural Adaption: A Case Study of Construction of Fish Ponds in Huanggang Dong Community of Guizhou%文化适应下的生态行为研究——以贵州黄岗侗族社区的鱼塘建构为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭书佳

    2012-01-01

    in the process of cultural adaptation, any kind of culture has the functions of creating and maintaining. To one nation, regardless of its size, it has its own living space on the surface of the earth. Meanwhile, the natural features of this unique living space constitute this nation's natural hving environment. For Dong people in Huanggang, which is an area not suitable for an artificial habitat change, after a long period of exploration, through man - made means of changing the fiver courses and digging fish ponds, it helped to reserve resources from the fish ponds. At the same time, it has fully verified Dong people's ecological wisdom when dealing with the relationship properly between resources and environment.%在文化适应的过程中,任何一种文化都具有其创造性与保持性。对一个民族来说,它在地球表面上必有其自己的生存发展空间,这片特有空间的自然特性就构成了该民族的自然生存环境。黄岗侗族人民在一个地表崎岖不平、人为改变生存环境困难的地区,经过长期的探索,通过人工手段改变河道、挖掘鱼塘,并使得建构的鱼塘得到了精心的维护,这其间充分验证了侗族人民正确协调资源与环境之间关系的生态智慧。

  19. Pricing CAC 40 Index Options under Asymmetry of Information

    OpenAIRE

    Aboura, Sofiane

    2005-01-01

    This article analyses, for the first time, the financial impact on the French market of September 11th, 2001. Was there any information asymmetry around this date? How deep was the reaction of the French investors? This study measures the magnitude of the shock in the stock price process.

  20. The celiac axis compression syndrome (CACS: critical review in the laparoscopic era Síndrome de compresión del tronco celiaco: Revisión crítica en la era de la cirugía laparoscópica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. A. Cienfuegos

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The celiac axis compression syndrome (CACS due to median arcuate ligament (MAL was first described by Harjola in 1963; originating postpandrial abdominal pain, weight loss, epigastric bruit and celiac axis stenosis > 75% in angiographic studies. This clinical condition has been the origin of controversies about its pathogenesis, diagnosis and its long term clinical results. Advances in diagnostic imaging as 64 multidetector-row CT (MDCT, 3-D reconstruction, magnetic resonance (MR and color duplex ultrasonography, provide better understanding of the syndrome and allow to identify the best candidates for surgical division of MAL fibers. Since the introduction of laparoscopic approach, and also endovascular procedures, in 2000, a new perspective has established in this challenging syndrome. With the occasion of our own experience, a critical review of the syndrome is presented.El síndrome de compresión del tronco celiaco fue descrito por Harjola en 1963 como la compresión extrínseca del tronco celiaco por las fibras tendinosas del ligamento arcuato; causando un cuadro de dolor intenso post-pandrial en epigastrio, pérdida de peso, soplo epigástrico y estenosis mayor del 75% en la angiografía selectiva. Desde entonces, dicho síndrome ha sido motivo de múltiples controversias relacionadas con su patogenia y la variabilidad de los resultados obtenidos con la cirugía. Debido a la proliferación y accesibilidad de técnicas de imagen más precisas y menos invasivas (angio-TAC multicorte, angio-RMN, eco-doppler, el diagnóstico de dicho síndrome puede realizarse con mayor precisión y sentar las bases de la indicación quirúrgica con mayor seguridad y eficacia. La introducción, en el año 2000, de técnicas laparoscópicas en la liberación del tronco celiaco, junto con procedimientos endovasculares complementarios, ha representado un notable avance en el tratamiento del síndrome. Basados en nuestra experiencia personal, presentamos una

  1. The Developmental Characteristicss of Tujia and Miao, Dong, Tibetan High School Students' Academic Self and their Countermeasures%土家、苗、侗、藏族高中生学业自我的发展特点及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵小云; 郭成

    2012-01-01

    Academic self-concept refers to a set of stable perception, experience and evaluation that an individual has about his or her academic development in an academic achievement situation. It is an important index to predict one' s academic achievement and a sensitive factor to predict one' s personality wholeness. Thus an effective education should promote the formation and development of one' s positive academic self-concept. However, existing research on adolescents' academic self-concept has been weak and the participants concerned have been the Chinese Han majority from economically developed areas. Hence, the current study was conducted to assess the characteristics of academic self-concept among high school students of four minorities so as to provide evidence for educating and cultivating students' academic self-concept in southwest China. The study made use of the Academic Self-Concept Questionnaire, which was developed by professor Guo Cheng and was later revised by Zhao Xiaoyun as a measure of students' academic self-concept. A total of 452 high school students participated in this study ; all of them are ethnic minorities of Tujia, Miao, Dong and Tibet in southwest China. The results showed that ( 1 ) The development level of minorities' academic self-concept was in the middle, and there was no significant difference among the four ethic groups. But on the academic achievement value dimension, the Tibetan students' scores were significantly lower than the Tujia, Miao, Dong students'. (2) On total academic self-concept, gender differences were not significant among the four minorities. However, on the academic ability perception dimension, the boys' scores of Tujia, Dong and Tibet were higher than the girls' , which were elos to a significantly difference (p = . 059, p = . 051, p = . 084). On the academic behavior self-control dimension, the boys' scores of Tujia were significantly higher than the girls' (p 〈. 05

  2. Dong Zhongshu’s Changeable Dialectical and Progressive Historical Concept Based on “Santong and Sandao”%董仲舒依“三统、三道”不断更化的辩证进步历史观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王永祥

    2014-01-01

    Based on the cycle theory of “Santong and Sanzheng”, it is wrong to conclude Dong Zhongshu’s metaphysic concept of natural law and concept of history of “if nature does not change, the law does not change, either” . His social and historical philosophy is a changeable historical concept of “The king who follows after the turbulent times changes his kingly governing way and those who conclude that Dong Zhongshu’s concept of history is cycle theory actually evade intentionally or unintentially his affirmation to “Tang-Wu Revolution”; His historical and phylosophical methodology is “taking previous cases as examples to make the future kings clear how to govern his country”; His historical philosophy is the political views of “he who governs the country should take gathering virtous and able persons as his governing way”. In summary, based on “Santong and Sandao” , his social and historical philosophy is a changeable dialectical and progressive social and historical concept.%以“三统、三正”的循环论,论定董仲舒“天不变,道亦不变”之形而上学的天道观与历史观,是错误的。董子的社会历史哲学是“继乱世者其道变”的不断更化的历史观;一切论定董仲舒的历史观为循环论者,实际上都有意或无意地回避了他对“汤武革命”的肯定;其历史哲学方法论是“举往以明来”;是“治国者以积贤为道”的政治论。概括起来即是:依照“三统、三道”不断更化的辩证进步的社会历史观。

  3. Genetic Polymorphism of Mitochondrial DNA in Dong, Gelao,Tujia, and Yi Ethnic Populations from Guizhou, China%贵州侗族、仡佬族、土家族和彝族人群线粒体DNA多态性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李彬彬; 钟复光; 易红生; 王先然; 李良芳; 王丽兰; 齐晓岚; 吴立甫

    2007-01-01

    从母系遗传的角度揭示世居贵州的侗族、仡佬族、土家族和彝族人群的的遗传结构和遗传分化关系,并对各民族的族源和迁徙进行初步的探讨.采用高变区序列分析与编码区PCR-RFLP分析相结合的方法对4个群体108例样本进行mtDNA多态性分析,共鉴定了37种(亚)单倍群,单倍群分布频率及主成分分析显示:侗族含有高比例的南方优势单倍群,表现出典型的南方群体特征;彝族兼有高比例的南北方优势单倍群,提示它同时具有南北方群体的一些母系遗传特征;彝族和仡佬族聚在一起,可能是由于历史上两个民族的先民曾发生过广泛的基因交流.%To reveal the genetic structures and relationships of the four ethnic populations from the maternal inheritance and explore the origins and migrations of nationalities, the genetic polymorphism of mtDNA in Dong, Gelao, Tujia, and Yi populations from Guizhou was studied by direct sequencing of hypervariable segmentⅠ (HVSⅠ) and PCR-RFLP of coding region. Thirty-seven (sub-) haplogroups were identified in the classification tree of mtDNA haplogroups. Haplogroup distributions and principal component (PC) analysis showed that the Dong has high frequencies of south-prevalent haplogroups, which indicates that it is a typically southern population. The Yi harbors high frequencies of the south-prevalent and northern-prevalent haplogroups, which demonstrates that it inherits the maternal characteristics from both southern and northern populations. The Yi and Gelao cluster together,the reason for which might be that their ancestries frequently underwent gene exchanges and mixtures.

  4. 黔东南苗侗传统村落生态博物馆整体性保护探析%Holistic Protection of the “Biological Museum”in Traditional Villages of Miao and Dong Minorities in Southeast Guizhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王东; 唐孝祥

    2016-01-01

    传统村落文化遗产由物质文化遗产和非物质文化遗产组成。文章以黔东南苗侗传统村落的生态博物馆为研究对象,结合建筑文化遗产的整体性保护原则,一方面,从村落建筑风貌、村巷肌理、村落景观要素、村落山水田园环境格局四个层面分析黔东南苗侗传统村落生态博物馆的物质文化遗产层面的保护;另一方面,从生态博物馆的“非遗”文化活动、“非遗”文化空间、信息资料中心对“非遗”保护三个方面分析其非物质文化遗产层面的保护,以期实现黔东南苗侗传统村落生态博物馆的物质文化遗产和非物质文化遗产的整体性保护。%The cultural heritage of the traditional villages includes the material cultural heritage and the in-tangible cultural heritage.Based on the holistic protection principle of the architectural cultural heritage,this article explored the “Biological Museum”in traditional villages of Miao and Dong Minorities in Southeast Guizhou.On the one hand,village building styles,lane texture,landscape elements,and rural environment pattern were researched to analyze the protection of material cultural heritage;on the other hand,intangible cul-tural activities,intangible cultural space,and protection strategies of the Information Center were discussed to explore the protection of intangible cultural heritage.Therefore,the aim of holistic protection of the “Biological Museum”in traditional villages of Miao and Dong Minorities in Southeast Guizhou will be achieved.

  5. 侗寨水资源与当地文化--以湖南通道独坡乡上岩坪寨为例%WATER RESOURCES AND NATIVE CULTURE IN DONG VILLAGES:Taking the Shangyanping Village in Tongdao County, Hunan Province as An Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周大鸣; 李陶红

    2015-01-01

    The rivers, fish ponds, canals for fire extinguishing, wells, springs, paddies, and etc. constitute an active system of water resources in the Shangyanping village where locates in the Dupo town-ship, Tongdao county, Hunan province.Not only does the water resource link the local life and production closely, but it is also pertinent to the local culture manifesting mainly in relations of water to indigenous be-liefs, ecology and institution.The process of the interaction between water and local culture is also a process of production and reproduction of the local knowledge in the Dong villages.%位于湖南省通道县独坡乡的上岩坪寨,河流、鱼塘、消防渠、井、泉眼、稻田等共同构成侗寨水资源的活性系统。水资源不仅与当地生活、生产密切相关,而且与当地文化发生关联,主要体现在水与信仰文化、水与生态文化、水与制度文化。水与当地文化的关联过程,也是侗寨地方性知识的生产与再生产过程。

  6. 高职院校科研“协同创新”的实践与探索①--以广东科学技术职业学院为例%Practice and Exploration of“Collaborative Innovation”in Scientific Research in Higher Vocational College based on GuangDong Institute of Science and Tecnology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阜艳

    2016-01-01

    Based on the guide of“collaborative innovation”idea and practical experience of the construction of software technology innovation and development center of department of GuangDong Institute of Science and Tecnology,the paper is stated how to improve the Countermeasures of Higher Vocational Colleges research collaborative innovation level. The institutional innovatio,mechanism construction, platform of scientific research and scientific research team were discussed as the most important topics. Finally, the successful cases provide reference to other higher vocational colleges to carry out the“collaborative innovation”project better.%以“协同创新”理念为指导,从广东科学技术职业学院软件技术专业协同创新发展中心建设的实践经验出发,探索如何提高高职院校产学研协同创新水平的对策研究,重点围绕制度创新、机制建设、科研平台、科研团队等方面进行讨论,为其他高职院校实施“协同创新”提供参考。

  7. Tasting Life and Singing Life--Comment on the Collection of Novelettes Rainy Day Mandala by Guo Xiao-dong%品味生存,咏叹生命──评郭小东中篇小说集《雨天的曼陀罗》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    连思齐

    2014-01-01

    Guo Xiao-dong is one of most important writers in the contemporary literature circles of Guangdong. Rainy Day Mandala is the only one collection of Guo’s novelettes. Through a general survey to Guo’s seven novelletts in Rainy Day Mandala, the author of this paper finds out that loving life, tasting life, singing life, and pursuing the value of life have been the core themes all along Guo’s creations, fully reflecting Guo’s humanistic feelings.%郭小东是新时期广东省最重要的作家之一。《雨天的曼陀罗》是其迄今为止所有中篇小说的结集,也是新时期文学特别是中篇小说领域的重要作品。综观《雨天的曼陀罗》中的七部中篇小说,热爱生活、品味生存、咏叹生命、追寻价值,始终是作家执着的主题,也是其创作的灵魂与内核,体现出其博大深邃的人文情怀。

  8. PENGARUH LEVERAGE, SAHAM PUBLIK, SIZE DAN KOMITE AUDIT TERHADAP LUAS PENGUNGKAPAN SUKARELA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mujiyono -

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah memberikan bukti empiris mengenai efek leverage, saham publik, size, proporsi komite audit independen pada pengungkapan sukarela baik secara partial maupun simultan. 74 perusahaan telah dianalisis dengan menggunakan analisis multiple regression. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa leverage secara tidak signifikan mempunyai efek negatif pada pengungkapan sukarela begitu juga dengan saham publik, size dan proporsi komite audit independen yang tidak signifikan pada pengungkapan sukarela. The objective of this research is to give empirical evidence about the effects of leverage, public ownership, size, and independent audit committee proportion on voluntary disclosure both partially and simultaneously. Seventy four companies were analyzed by using multiple regression analysis. The results show that leverage insignificantly has negative effect on voluntary disclosure. Public ownership also insignificantly has negative effect on voluntary disclosure. But size significantly has positive effect on voluntary disclosure. Independent audit committee proportion insignificantly has negative effect on voluntary disclosure. The result also shows that leverage, public ownership, size and independent audit committee proportion simultaneously have insignificant effect on voluntary disclosure.

  9. A dimensao espacial das fases da Lua: contribuicoes para uma proposta de ensino

    OpenAIRE

    Gangui, Alejandro; Dicovskiy, Esteban; Iglesias, Maria

    2015-01-01

    Comment: Article in Portuguese, PDF document including 11 figures. Published version available at http://cms.iafe.uba.ar/gangui/didaastro/#Publications. in Ensino de astronomia na escola: concepcoes, ideias e praticas, edited by M.D.Longhini, Campinas: Atomo editora, Chapter 17, p. 339-358, 2014

  10. Desain Didaktis Penalaran Matematis untuk Mengatasi Kesulitan Belajar Siswa SMP pada Luas dan Volume Limas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sulistiawati Sulistiawati

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh rendahnya kemampuan penalaran matematis siswa SMP pada materi geometri. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian desain didaktis (didactial design research.  Penelitian diawali dengan studi pendahuluan untuk mendapatkan data kesulitan belajar (learning obstacle yang dilaksanakan di SMP Negeri 29 Bandung kelas IXE sebanyak 35 orang, SMA Negeri 1 Lembang kelas XI IPA2 sebanyak 41 orang, dan STKIP Siliwangi Bandung mahasiswa semester VI sebanyak 49 orang pada tahun pelajaran 2011/2012 semester genap. Selanjutnya, dikembangkan desain didaktis yang diujicobakan terbatas kepada 30 siswa kelas VIII B SMP Assalam Bandung. Dari uji coba terbatas dilakukan analisis untuk menyusun desain didaktis revisi. Hasil dari penelitian ini diantaranya perangkat pembelajaran yang digunakan pada pembelajaran sebelum menggunakan desain didaktis belum dapat menggali kemampuan penalaran matematis, desain didaktis penalaran matematis yang dikembangkan dapat memperkecil gap yang dihadapi siswa, dan siswa memberikan tanggapan positif terhadap desain didaktis yang dikembangkan.The background of this research was the lack of junior high school students’ mathematical reasoning in geometry. This research used Didactical Design Research (DDR method which started by a preliminary study to 35 students of grade IX E Public Junior High School 29 Bandung, 41 students of grade XI Science Program of Senior High School 1 Lembang, and 49 students of Siliwangi College of Education Bandung in semester VI for academic year 2011/2012. The preliminary study was aimed to explore students’ learning obstacles to develep didactical design. The developed didactical design was implemented to 30 students of grade VII B of Assalam Junior High School Bandung. After this implementation the developed didactical design was revised. The results of this research were the learning tools used by previous teacher have not explored mathematical reasoning yet, the developed didactical design had minimized students’ gaps, and students had positive response about the learning.

  11. Pengaruh Luas Lahan, Produksi, Ketahanan Pangan dan Harga Gabah Terhadap Kesejahteraan Petani Padi di Kabupaten Pasuruan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Wahed

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to look at the influence of Land, Production, Food Security and Welfare against the Grain Prices Rice Farmers Rice in the Pasuruan. This research was conducted in the Kedemungan village Kejayan District of Pasuruan. This research was conducted by used Probability Sampling, determination of the respondents in a random way (Stratified Sampling. Then next analyzed using multiple regression analysis. The results showed that the area of land, production, Resilience food and grain prices have a significant influence effect on the level of welfare of rice farmers (NTP and showed a positive relationship.

  12. Case-control study on the risk factors of type 2 diabetes of Dong nationality in Western Hunan%湘西地区侗族2型糖尿病危险因素的病例对照研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘立亚; 陈立章; 戴进雄; 陈家雄; 梁颖; 裴庭立; 黄永斌

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨湘西地区侗族人群2型糖尿病(type 2 diabetes mellitus,T2DM)的相关危险因素,为该地区T2DM的防治提供科学依据。方法:采用病例对照研究方法,通过口服葡萄糖耐量试验(oral glucose tolerance test,OGTT)将研究对象分为T2DM,糖调节受损(impaired glucose regulation,IGR)和糖耐量正常(normal glucose tolerance,NGT)3组,分别对3组人群进行问卷调查、体格测量以及血糖、血脂、血清胰岛素等生化指标检测。结果:单因素分析结果发现:不同糖代谢组间的年龄,空腹胰岛素(fasting insulin,FINS), HOMA模型胰岛素抵抗指数(HOMA insulin resistance index,HOMA-IRI)和β细胞功能指数(HOMA β-cell function index,HOMA-βC),三酰甘油(trigalloyl glycerol,TG),高密度脂蛋白胆固醇(high density lipoprotein cholesferol,HDL-C),收缩压,舒张压等指标差异有统计学意义(P70岁组的OR值分别是1.85,2.83和2.64(P Methods: In the case-control study, the subjects were divided into a T2DM group, an impaired glucose regulation (IGR) group and a normal glucose tolerance (NGT) group through oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). A questionnaire survey was conducted, and physical measurements and the detection of blood glucose, blood lipids and serum insulin were done. Results: Univariate analysis found signiifcant difference in age, fasting insulin (FINS), HOMA insulin resistance index (HOMA-IRI), HOMA β-cell function index (HOMA-βC), trigalloyl glycerol (TG), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), systolic blood pressure, and diastolic blood pressure in the glucose metabolism among different groups (P70 were 1.85, 2.83 and 2.64 respectively,P Conclusion: The main influencing factors of T2DM of Dong nationality in Western Hunan include age, BMI, WHR, family history of diabetes, fat and protein-rich foods. We must strengthen the health eduation of T2DM of Dong nationality in Western Hunan to reduce the

  13. 广西少数民族地区旅游信息化建设研究——以三江侗族自治县为例%On Building Tourism Informatization in Minority Nationality Region of Guangxi——A Case of Dong Autonomous County of Sanjiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林菁

    2012-01-01

      Based on the case study of tourism informatization development of Dong Autonomous County of Sanjiang, the paper points out the building of tourism informatization of minority nationality regions of Guangxi should take the following conditions into account, unique resources, location and economic situation. Government’s guidance, tourism industry’s pos-itive response and the building of talent impact on the tourism informatization. Meanwhile, through the summary of case study, the paper puts forward measures to solve problems in the hope of shedding light on the building of tourism informati-zation of minority nationality regions of Guangxi.%  文章以三江侗族自治县的旅游信息化发展进行实证研究,指出广西少数民族地区旅游信息化建设水平受制于其独特的资源条件、区位条件和经济条件。强调政府引导是关键,旅游企业积极响应是重点,人才建设是保障,它们共同决定信息化的成效。通过总结三江侗族自治县开展旅游信息化建设的实践,找出存在问题,提出完善对策,以期为广西少数民族地区开展旅游信息化建设提供经验。

  14. 旅游开发进程中侗族传统文化传承研究——以湖南芷江、通道侗族自治县为例%Research on the Smriti of Traditional Folk Culture of the DONG Natinality in the Process of Tourism Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄诚; 邱珺

    2011-01-01

    The leading actions of the policy of tourism development arouse great changes to the economic social structure of the tribes of traditional nationality. Choosing Dong autonomous county ,Zhijiang and Tongdao ,which experienced great change on social culture after tourism development as the research objects, adopting empirical research method, we explore the relation between tourism development and the smriti of traditional culture with cultural identity, language and the dress, customs,etiquette and religious festivals as observation index, discover the influence of tourism on background, field, subject, mechanism and methods of the smriti of traditional folk culture in Dang autonomous county ,Zhijiang and Tongdao to propose appropriate methods, which protect and promote the traditional folk culture of Dang Nationality at the matter of the smriti on field, subject, mechanism and methods.%旅游开发这种政策主导行为的嵌入引致传统民族乡土聚落经济社会结构的变迁。选取旅游开发的社会文化后果显著的芷江、通道侗族民族自治县为研究对象,采用实证研究方法,以文化认同、语言服饰、风俗礼仪和宗教节令为观测指标,探讨旅游开发与文化传承的关系,发现旅游开发的嵌入解构了芷江、通道侗族传统文化传承的背景、场域、主体、机制和方式。提出保护和弘扬侗族民俗传统文化,要重构侗族传统文化传承场域、传承机制、传承主体和传承方式。

  15. Ethnic Origin and National Cultural Identity Change-Taking the Dong Village of Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous as an Example%族籍变更与民族文化认同——以恩施州的侗族乡为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祝方林

    2012-01-01

    我国的民族识别经过了四个阶段,其中“文革”后的民族识别、重建工作是其第四阶段。在这个阶段,地方政府依据村民族籍可变更的政策,更改了村民的族籍。族籍变更初期,由于民族文化集体记忆的碎片化,以及村民还处在追求基本的生存需要阶段,因此民族文化认同较弱。21世纪,当文化作为一种资源渗透到经济领域时,民族文化便成了人们休闲消费的需要。在这种背景下,侗族乡尝试利用侗族文化来发展乡村旅游。在政府主导、大众媒介广泛宣传下,枫村自觉接受重构了的侗族文化符号,为村民建构了集体记忆;在与外来游人的互动中逐渐产生了较强的民族文化认同。%Our country's nationality distinguished passed through four stages, including "the Great Cultural Revolution". The nationality distinction and reconstruction belongs to its fourth stage. In this stage, the local government used the national policy about villager's ethnic origin to change theirs. The ethnic origin changed initial period, as a result of the ethnic culture and collective memory was fragment, as well as the villagers were also in pursues the most basic survival need, therefore the ethnic culture identity is weak. In the 21st century, when the culture takes one resources seep to the economic domain, the ethnic culture has then become the need which the people leisure expends. In this context, the Dong culture has been used to develop the village traveling. The government leads, the mass media widespread, the villagers accepted that have restructured the Dong's collective memory for the villagers. At the same, they interacted with visitors which have had the strong ethic culture identity gradually.

  16. 黔东南州居民旅游感知比较研究——以西江苗寨与肇兴侗寨为例%The Research on the Comparison of Tourism Impact Perception in Destination——by Miao Village Xijiang and Dong Village Zhaoxing in Qiandongnan Canton

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖佑兴; 何向; 胡丽芳

    2012-01-01

    It concentrates on how inhabitants in Miao and Dong of Qiandongnan Autonomous County affect their local tourism and to what degree.After studying the cases in these two minorities,it is clear that there are a lot of positive and negative impacts on local economy,social culture and ecological environment,all of which are brought respectively by the local tourism.As residents in Xijiang has a good knowledge of the importance of developing local tourism,they are less likely to have a civil fight against each other than the people living in Zhaoxing who bear obscure recognition of that.On the other hand,there are briefly five types of residents in Xijiang whereas Zhaoxing's residents can be divided into six categories.In order to promote the sustainable development in these two areas,local governments need to do the following things: regulate the visitors their,add to their local attractions,strengthen their recreational carrying capacities,enforce groups of institutional innovation,activate local citizens' desire to contribute to their tourism,lead them attach more importance to travelling and so on.%论文研究了黔东南西江苗寨与肇兴侗寨的居民对旅游影响的感知问题。通过对西江与肇兴两地的案例研究发现,两地的旅游发展在经济、社会文化、生态环境三个方面都带来积极的与消极的影响。西江居民对旅游影响的整体感知度较高,且内部分化较小;而肇兴居民对旅游影响的整体感知度较低,但内部分化却较大。在旅游地居民类型方面,西江有五大类型;而肇兴还有六大类型,增加了憎恨者类型。笔者认为要推动了当地的可持续发展,需要采取如下措施:规范旅游流;提高旅游吸引力;扩大旅游承载力;加强制度创新;促进旅游利益主体的旅游参与,改善旅游利益主体对旅游的认知等。

  17. 城乡结合部社区医疗满意度分析及发展对策--以广州龙洞地区为例%Community Hospital Satisfaction Analysis and measures in rural-urban fringe zone---A Case Study of Guangzhou Long Dong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范思敏; 唐波; 余佳; 麦丽茵; 陈肖宏

    2015-01-01

    As the current status of community health service orga-nizations of rural-urban fringe zone, as well as the importance of community construction. A Case Study of Guangzhou Long Dong, this paper analysis its satisfaction and formation mechanism with field research and questionnaire. The results showed that: the local hold optimistic attitude for the future of community care, but a lack of presence of technical equipment, the management system is not perfect, social security inequity problems limited the devel-opment of community care. Based on this point, present proposals from government、large hospital、community hospitals and the pub-lic. At last, build the “gear” improving mechanism, in order to promote urban-rural community hospital reform and development in the context of the new urbanization.%针对目前我国城乡结合部社区医疗服务机构发展现状,以及社区医疗建设的重要性。本文以广州市天河龙洞地区社区医疗为例,用现场调研法和问卷调查法分析其满意度及形成机制。结果表明:当地居民对于社区医院未来发展态度比较乐观,但因存在技术设备欠缺、管理体制不完善、社保普及不公平等问题限制了社区医疗的发展。基于此,从政府、大医院,社区医院自身以及居民公众参与4角度提出建议,构建四者紧密联系合作的“齿轮”改善机制,以期推动在新型城镇化背景下城乡结合部社区医院改革与发展。

  18. 从董仲舒天人观看“阴阳五行”思想对中国古代天学与政治互动之影响%The Influence of“Yin-Yang and Five Elements”on the Interaction between the Science of Heavens and Politics in Ancient China:From Dong Zhongshu's Heaven-Human Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莉源

    2014-01-01

    Dong Zhongshu is a thinker in the West-Han period, whose idea is an integration of many schools of the Warrior States pe-riod, with the Confucius fatalism and social-political ethics as the main line, combining the Maoist theology, the Yin-Yang natural philosophy, the Taoist law of heaven-human interaction, etc. into a broad and profound theoretical system. The unique interaction of human and nature he proposed explains strange celestial phenomena, natural disasters. Meanwhile, he also maintained the rulers should “abide by the heaven”and “learn from the past”, and explaining historical changes with “Santongshuo”. He introduced Yin-Yang Five Elements into his ideas, bridging human and nature and promoting the interaction of the science of heavens and politics, which becomes the main line in the historical development of the science of heavens in ancient China.%董仲舒是西汉时期的思想家,他的学说融合了战国末期的各家学说,以儒家的天命观及其社会政治伦理思想为主线,并揉和吸收了墨家宗教神学、阴阳家自然哲学、道家人法天道等学说,最终构成了一个博大而精微的理论体系。他提出了独特的天人感应理论,并以其解释异常天象、自然灾害及其他自然现象,同时他还主张统治者应“奉天”而“法古”,又以“三统说”的历史循环论来解释朝代更替时的改历现象。董仲舒的天人感应理论,成功地将阴阳五行引入到天与人的沟通和感应中,成为连接天象与人事的桥梁,将天道自然与人事政治紧密连接在一起,从侧面推动和影响了天学与政治的互动发展,使天学与政治的互动成为中国古代天学在历史发展长卷中的主线索。

  19. Effects of Location Fertilization Managements on the Nitrogen-fixing Bacteria Diversities of Soybean in Dong-bei black soil%定位培肥对东北黑土土壤固氮菌多样性的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王大庆; 刘朴方; 孙泰朋; 孟雨田; 赵伟; 王宏燕

    2016-01-01

    基于10年的黑土培肥定位试验,本试验采用PCR-DGGE、克隆测序技术的方法,研究了培肥处理对大豆固氮菌多样性的影响。 DGGE 图谱分析表明对照土壤固氮菌多样性指数最高,其次为农肥低量处理、农化1:1处理、化肥低量处理和农肥高量处理,化肥高量处理土壤固氮菌多样性指数最低。在相似度60%水平上化肥处理聚成一群,对照、农肥处理和农化1:1处理量聚成一群。培肥处理降低了土壤固氮菌的多样性,影响了土壤中固氮菌的群落结构,其中培肥高量处理比低量处理降低土壤固氮菌多样性的效果更显著。%Through a 10-year experiment site on black soil, our paper studied the effects of location fertilization managements on the nitrogen-fixing bacteria diversities of soybean in Dong-bei black soil by PCR-DGGE and clone sequencing methods. DGGE atlas analysis demonstrated that nitrogen-fixing bacteria diversities of CK was the highest and the lowest nitrogen-fixing bacteria diversities was high chemical fertilizer treatment and then was low manure fertilizer, 1/2 manure fertilizer plus 1/2 chemical fertilizer, low chemical fertilizer, and high manure fertilizer. There were two groups in similarity 60% level, one was chemical fertilizer, the other was CK, manure fertilizer, and 1/2 manure fertilizer plus 1/2 chemical fertilizer. Fertilizer managements reduced nitrogen-fixing bacteria diversities of soybean and influenced community structures of nitrogen-fixing bacteria, especially high fertilizer managements could decrease nitrogen-fixing bacteria diversities of soybean more notablly than low fertilizer managements.

  20. 上海徐汇滨江公共开放空间景观设计(南浦站—东安路段)%Shanghai Xuhui Riverside Open Space Landscape Design (From Nanpu Station to Dong'an Road)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李正平

    2013-01-01

    上海徐汇滨江公共开放空间(南浦站—东安路段)是一个已建成的棕地生态恢复与资源再利用的案例.通过分析设计实践过程,探索如何因地制宜地将场地上引起回忆的废弃建、构筑物以及“垃圾”(北票码头塔吊、北票码头煤炭装卸漏斗、南浦站龙门吊、电线钢架、北票码头与南浦站共有的老铁路、高桩码头以及一些原来堆场上废弃的铺装块石、铁道信号灯等杂物)融入场地上的活动设计,如何通过回忆老场地上常见的作业场景感受,将这些物质和精神遗产与场地及周边的环境与新功能结合,并把生态措施也融入场地上的活动设计,转换为新的景观,给人们带来更多的活动与体验空间,延续场地的故事.%Shanghai Xuhui riverside open space (from Napu Road to Dong'an Road) is a completed project about how to recover brown field eco-system and how to reuse site resources. By sharing design practice details, the paper researched how to create a new landscape by transformation using the wastes on the site, such as cranes, a coal loading and unloading funnel on Beipiao Wharf, gantry cranes, electrical towers on Nanpu Station, old railways and wharfs with high-pile belong to both of Beipiao Wharf and Nanpu Station, waste paving stones on the old coal storage yard, and a sign light of railway and so on, how to recall experiences of the daily working scene happened on the site and combine these material and spiritual heritages into circumstance and new functions of the site and the surroundings, and how to add eco-measures to provide more spaces of activities and experiences for people and continue the site story.

  1. Historical Heroes, Memory Competition, and Ethnic Identity:A Study Based on a Survey in Shangbao Dong Ethnic Village, Suining County, Hunan Province%历史英雄、记忆争夺与族群认同--基于湖南省绥宁县上堡侗寨的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晴锋

    2014-01-01

    As a historical hero and ethnic symbol in Shangbao Dong Minority, the “Lord of Wulie”, Li T ianbao, permeates daily activities of local people and in local legends.T he ambiguity and self-inconsis-tency in the official discourse has left great space for the plasticity and creativity of popular memories, making it possible for the natives to construct collective memories of Li T ianbao and his Wulie Kingdom. T emporal misplacement of historical memories, selection and reorganization, and structural memory lost reflects the subtle differences among individuals in the understanding of history and reality, and life and mind structure in a society of homogeneity.Such differences imply the desire for ethnic consciousness and ethnic identity.In a sharp contrast to the logically coherent and systematic official discourse, the popular memories, as a kind of counter-memory, have become a challenge to the dominating discourse.Such “het-eroglossia”, as Bakhtin put it, provides another selectable bottom-layer perspective to present the mute history and experience.%作为上堡侗族的历史英雄与民族符号,“武烈王”李天保渗透在当地的日常实践与神话传说之中。官方话语的暧昧与不自洽性赋予了民间记忆以极大的可塑性及创造性,使得民众对李天保及其武烈王国的集体记忆之建构得以可能。历史记忆的时代错置、选择与重组、结构性失忆等折射出一个同质性社会中个体在理解历史与现状、生活与思维结构之间的微妙差异,它隐含着对民族意识、族群身份的渴望。与逻辑连贯、系统性的官方话语形成鲜明对比的民间记忆作为一种反记忆构成了对支配性话语的挑战,这种巴赫金所说的“异质语”提供了另一种呈现失声的历史与经验的可选择性底层视角。

  2. Mouse Tetl Protein can Oxidize 5mC to 5hmC and 5caC on Single-stranded DNA%老鼠Tet1蛋白能氧化单链脱氧核糖核酸上的5-甲基胞嘧啶到5-羟甲基胞嘧啶和5-羧基胞嘧啶

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张良; 于淼; 何川

    2012-01-01

    5-甲基胞嘧啶在哺乳动物细胞中具有广泛的作用。 而它被双脱氧家族Tet蛋白氧化所得的产物5-羟甲基胞嘧啶、5-醛基胞嘧啶和5-羧基胞嘧啶也被证明在细胞发育和5-甲基胞嘧啶动态平衡调控中具有关键的作用。 已有的研究结果表明, Tet蛋白能够识别双链DNA上的5-甲基胞嘧啶, 并将其氧化成5-羟甲基胞嘧啶、5-醛基胞嘧啶和5-羧基胞嘧啶。 我们通过质谱仪检测发现, 老鼠Tet1蛋白的DNA结合结构域还能识别和氧化单链DNA上的5-甲基胞嘧啶。 这一发现暗示我们, Tet蛋白家族不但具有已经发现的氧化双链DNA上5-甲基胞嘧啶的功能, 还有可能作用于DNA的复制及转录, 甚至具有氧化单链RNA上对应的甲基修饰碱基的能力。%5-Methylcytosine (5mC) is known to play broad roles in mammalian biology. It can be enzymatically oxidized to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC), 5-formylcytosine (5fC), and 5-carboxylcytosine (5caC) by a family of iron(II)/αKG-dependent dioxygenases Tet proteins. This process has been shown to play critical roles in mammalian cell development and dynamic methylation regulation. Previous research has shown that Tet proteins can oxidize 5mC on double-stranded DNA (dsDNA). Here, we expressed and purified the active domain of mouse Tet1 DNA from insect cell. By employing mass spectrometry, we show here that mtet1 (1367—2039) can also oxidize 5mC on single-stranded DNA (ssDNA), thus indicating its potential involvement in 5mC oxidation during replication or/and transcription, as well as the oxidation of corresponding modifications on single-stranded RNA in mammalian cells.

  3. Dr.Dong Demao's Experience in Treating Chronic Ulcerative Colitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐凌云

    2004-01-01

    @@ Chronic ulcerative colitis (chronic non-specific ulcerative colitis) is a kind of non-specific inflammation occurred in the colonic mucosa layers. As a lingering and troublesome condition that often attacks people aged 20-40, it is characterized by recurrent diarrhea, abdominal pain, pus- and mucus-stained stools in clinic.

  4. Preparation,Isolation and Characterization of Ca@C88 and Ca@C90%Ca@C88和Ca@C90的合成、分离和表征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张娅; 施祖进; 郝策; 徐建勋; 贺晓然; 顾镇南

    2004-01-01

    利用直流电弧法,合成了含钙的富勒烯金属包合物.通过多步高效液相色谱(HPLC)法,首次分离出含钙的富勒烯金属包合物Ca@Ca8和Ca@C90(Ⅰ,Ⅱ),用激光解析飞行时间质谱(MAL-DI-TOFMS)和紫外-可见-近红外(UV-Vis-NIR)光谱进行了表征,并对其分子对称性和电子结构进行了讨论.

  5. 微博在环境科技传播中的应用研究——以新浪微博@环保董良杰环境科技微博为例%A Study on the Application of Microblog in Environmental Science and Technology Communication: Taking @Huanbao Dong Liangjie's Sina Microblog as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨勇; 陈永梅; 易斌; 卢佳新; 张静蓉

    2012-01-01

    As the representative of new media, Microblog has been developing fast in recent years, which can break through the problems of time and interactivity in environmental science and technology communication, and reduce the input cost. Taking Dong Liangjie's microblog in Sina-Microblog as an example, analysis indicated that the microblog of environmental science and technology could become popular microblog, 6:00 am -- 10:00 am was the prime time for posting microblog, the high quality of microblog was from "original" on the website, with environmental debated issues, vivid and humorous language, convincing analysis, concise and comprehensive opinions and intensive sense of responsibility. However, therewere several problems for environmental science and supervision and specialty, and out of balance between institutes of environmental science and technology were with internet users. technology communication microblog, such as lacking effective "comment" and "transmit" . So, the scientists and professional encouraged to launch microblogs and participate in communicationwith internet users.%作为新媒体的典型代表,近年来微博发展非常迅速,能够有效地克服环境科技传播的时效性和交互性问题,降低环保科普的投入成本。以新浪微博@环保董良杰为环境科技微博案例,分析表明环境科技专业徽博可以发展成为人气微博,上午6:00-10:00是发布微博的黄金时段,高质量的微博文源于网页新浪微博“原创”,话题紧扣环境热点、语言生动幽默、分析有理有据、观点言筒意赅且富有强烈责任感是专业微博的重要生命力。环境科技微博面临着缺乏有效监管、专业性不足、“评论”与“转发”比例失衡、不能取代环境科技传播传统媒体等问题,应鼓励环境科技专家和专业机构开设微博,积极参与环境科技传播和互动,充分发挥微博优势服务环保科普。

  6. Theoretical Studies and the Developing Direction of Museums: An Interview with Mr.Su Dong-hai%博物馆理论研究与博物馆发展方向——苏东海先生专访

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏东海; 毛颖; 龚青

    2012-01-01

    21世纪以来,我国的博物馆事业进入新的发展高潮,博物馆理论与发展研究面临许多新的重大课题。博物馆学家苏东海先生认为:博物馆理论研究需要从博物馆发展实践着手,博物馆发展研究要重视发展战略和时代主题的研究;生态博物馆作为一种文化遗产保护理论与行动的新思维,呈现出与传统博物馆两极分化、对立统一的关系,其成功应建基于让文化的主人真正成为自己文化的主人;文化遗产的保护与发扬体现了当前国际博协的战略思想,是博物馆的时代主题;博物馆应充分认识并强化自身独特的知识、审美和道德特征及其价值,提升专业功能与社会职能,增强文化竞争力;博物馆理论工作者应直面博物馆领域的复杂形势,加强对国内外博物馆以及博物馆学基础理论的研究,探索适合中国博物馆发展的理论体系和发展道路,建设有中国特色的博物馆学。%Since the beginning of the 21th century,Chinese museums have encountered a new round of development that brings a range of significant new challenges to the study of museum theories and development.Mr.Su Dong-hai,a well-known museologist,expresses his ideas and opinions as follows: The theoretical studies of museums should start with the practices of museum development,which,on the other hand,should focus on the development strategies as well as the themes of the times;As a new product of the theories and practices of cultural heritage conservation,ecomuseums represent an opposite to traditional museums with,however,a unity between.The success of ecomuseum practices is based on the premise that indigenous people are the real owner of their culture;The conservation and promotion of cultural heritage are in line with the present strategic thinking of the International Council of Museums(ICOM),reflecting the themes of the times of museums;Museums should realize and enhance their special characters

  7. The Trade Union Should Promote Psychology and Measures of Staff’ s Cultural Construction---Comments on the Book Written by Doctor Qiao Dong the Theories and Practice on the Staff ’ s Culture in the Enterprise%工会推动企业职工文化建设的“道”与“术”--评乔东博士《企业职工文化理论与实践》一书

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李磊

    2013-01-01

    中国工会十五大报告对职工文化已有全面阐述,今年召开的中国工会第十六大报告也将把职工文化作为一个重要内容。关于职工文化的理论研究已经开始破题,这是乔东博士《企业职工文化理论与实践》一书的重要贡献。乔东博士抓住了企业职工文化内涵的关键,突出了企业职工文化相对于企业文化来说的独立形态;明确了工会在企业职工文化建设中的定位和作用,这是非常值得肯定的地方。%The staff’ s culture was described in the Fifteenth Congress of Chinese Trade Union .This year we continued to take the staff ’ s culture as an important part in the Sixteenth Congress of Chinese Trade Union . We had researched the theory of staff ’ s culture which was contributed to the book , the theories and practice on the staff’s culture in the enterprise written by the doctor, Qiao Dong.He grasped the key to the staff’s cultural content and stated that staff ’ s culture is independent existence for the enterprise .He clarified the role and func-tion of trade union in the construction of staff ’ s culture.The points mentioned are worthy to be recognized .

  8. 双季稻种植下洞庭湖区不同类型土壤连续施用控释氮肥的效应研究%Effect of Continuous Applying Controlled Release Nitrogen Fertilizer in Various Types of Soil of Dong-Ting Lake Region under Double Rice Cropping System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁艳红; 廖育林; 谢坚; 戴平安

    2011-01-01

    在洞庭湖区3种主要类型土壤上进行连续4年的微区试验,研究水稻控释氮肥在双季水稻种植体系下的连续施用效应.试验设不施肥(CK)、尿素、等N量控释氮肥及70%N量控释氮肥4个处理.结果表明,等N量控释氮肥处理产量最高,在河沙泥、紫潮泥和红黄泥上平均比尿素处理分别增产10.3%、8.0%和2.4%.70%N量控释氮肥处理分别增产6.1%、2.6%和.0.8%;在3种土壤上早、晚稻及全年平均吸N量均表现为等N量控释氮肥>70%N量控释氮肥>尿素>对照.等N量控释氮肥处理在上述3种土壤上的肥料利用率分别为60.7%、59.6%和56.3%,比尿素处理分别高23.8%、19.4%和16.3%,早稻随施用年份的延长其利用率呈增加趋势,且高于70%N量控释氮肥处理,晚稻连施3年时利用率由上升转呈下降.连续施用控释氮肥可缓解土壤氮素肥力和有机碳含量的下降,特别是在河沙泥稻田中.施用控释氮肥有利于水稻增产、氮肥利用率的提高及土壤培肥.%Effects of continuous applying controlled release nitrogen fertilizer under double rice cropping system were studied by modeling 3 types of paddy soils in Dong-Ting Lake area using micro-plot trials for 4 years. 4 treatments as no fertilizer (CK), urea, controlled release nitrogen fertilizer (CRNF) and 70% controlled release nitrogen fertilizer (70% CRNF) were designed. The results showed that the yield in treatments with controlled release nitrogen fertilizer (CRNF) at N 150 kg/hm2 were increased by 10.3%, 8.0% and 2.4% compared with CF treatment, in alluvial loamy paddy soil (ALS), purple calcareous clayed paddy soil (PCS),and reddish yellow clayed paddy soil (RYS), respectively, and the yield in treatments with 70% CRNF were increased by 6.1%, 2.6% and -0.8%, respectively. The ranking order of nitrogen uptake amount by plant in early rice and late rice were CRNF >70% CRNF >Urea >CK in all 3 types of soils. Nitrogen

  9. Lua 客户端脚本引擎在水电厂监控系统中的应用%The Application of Lua script language in the SCADA system of hydropower plant

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾锋; 孙毅; 蔡杰

    2014-01-01

    脚本语言是一种简单快速的编程语言。一般来说,脚本语言语法结构简单,采用解释执行,并以文本方式存储和转发,以简单的方式快速完成某些复杂的事情通常是创造脚本语言的重要原则,因此使用起来要比 C、C++、JAVA 等语言要方便容易的多,具有很强的实用价值。%Script language is a simple programming language.In general,the script language grammar structure is simple, interpretive execution,so it must be easier than C,C + +,JAVA and other languages,has a strong practical value.

  10. PENGEMBANGAN LEMBAR KEGIATAN SISWA MATERI LUAS BANGUN DATAR BERBASIS METODE PEMBELAJARAN DISCOVERY UNTUK SISWA SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohman Rohman

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available   This research aims to develop the student activity sheet material broad flat wake discovery based learning methods for secondary school students are valid and practical and how the potential effect of the use of student activity sheet based discovery learning method for junior high school students. The method used is a method of research and development (development research. Stages of development research done of the preliminary phase which includes the analysis and prototyping stage (designing and evalution formative stages which include self evalution, expert reviews, one to one, small group, and a field test. Based on the results of the analysis of the product, obtained LKS discovery based learning methods are valid and praktis.Valid seen from the results of expert assessment is based on content, construct, and languages. Practical seen from the observations of the trial small group where students can complete a given student activity sheet. Based on the results and final grades on students' ability test VII.1 SMP Negeri 3 Palembang done individually than 35 students that there were 15 (42.85% of students categorized as very good and 20 (57.14% students including both categories. Overall average grade student ability VII.1 is 78.85 which means that the learning outcomes of students belonging to either category. Based on the analysis of student learning outcomes, it can be concluded that student activity sheets that have been developed have potent Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Keywords: discovery learning method, research development, student’s’ worksheet (LKS Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE

  11. Energy use test facility: CAC-DOE solar air heater test report

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-11-01

    The solar air heater testing demonstrated an attractive application for residential space heating, especially appealing to the do-it-yourself market. Simple improvements in construction, such as caulking of the glazing, could increase collector performance at little cost. The operating cost of the fan was insignificant, being less than $0.05/week. Tested in its as-shipped configuration at 96.1 cfm (3 cfm/ft (2)), the useful energy delivered averaged 20,000 Btu/day for six days in December. The electrical consumption of the fan was approximately 1 kWh. Doubling the flowrate did not increase collector performance appreciably. A TRNSYS computer simulation model for this solar air heater design was validated by comparing the measured test data on Jaunary 4, 1981 with calculated values. TRNSYS predicted that measured collector outlet temperatures within +- 1.20F and the energy delivered within +- 3%. The excellent agreement was obtained by adjusting the collector loss coefficient to an unrealistically low value; therefore, a parametric study is recommended to determine the model sensitivity to varying different parameters. A first-order collector efficiency curve was derived from the TRNSYS simulations which compared well with the curve defined by the clear-day measured data.

  12. The Conversations About Cancer (CAC) project: assessing feasibility and audience impacts from viewing The Cancer Play.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beach, Wayne A; Buller, Mary K; Dozier, David M; Buller, David B; Gutzmer, Kyle

    2014-01-01

    Basic communication research has identified a major social problem: communicating about cancer from diagnosis through death of a loved one. Over the past decade, an award-winning investigation into how family members talk through cancer on the telephone, based on a corpus of 61 phone calls over a period of 13 months, has been transformed into a theatrical production entitled The Cancer Play. All dialogue in the play is drawn from naturally occurring (transcribed) interactions between family members as they navigate their way through the trials, tribulations, hopes, and triumphs of a cancer journey. This dramatic performance explicitly acknowledges the power of the arts as an exceptional learning tool for extending empirical research, exploring ordinary family life, and exposing the often taken-for-granted conceptions of health and illness. In this study, a Phase I STTR project funded by the National Cancer Institute (NCI), we assess the feasibility of educating and impacting cancer patients, family members, and medical professionals who viewed the play as a live performance and through DVD screenings. Pre- and postperformance questionnaires were administered to solicit audience feedback. Pre-post change scores demonstrate overwhelming and positive impacts for changing opinions about the perceived importance, and attributed significance, of family communication in the midst of cancer. Paired-sample t-tests were conducted on five factor-analyzed indices/indicators-two indices of opinions about cancer and family communication, two indices measuring the importance of key communication activities, and the self-efficacy indicator-and all factors improved significantly (academic and health care professions are discussed. PMID:24098921

  13. Energy analysis handbook. CAC document 214. [Combining process analysis with input-output analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bullard, C. W.; Penner, P. S.; Pilati, D. A.

    1976-10-01

    Methods are presented for calculating the energy required, directly and indirectly, to produce all types of goods and services. Procedures for combining process analysis with input-output analysis are described. This enables the analyst to focus data acquisition cost-effectively, and to achieve a specified degree of accuracy in the results. The report presents sample calculations and provides the tables and charts needed to perform most energy cost calculations, including the cost of systems for producing or conserving energy.

  14. Conditioning and Characterization of Dowex X1 CI resin for back up CAC had been done

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Characterization procedure applicated from Rohm and Haas. Standard solution of NaOH and HCI titration was calibrated using mix borate acid, borax, and glycerine. The results of that 0,177 mol HCI, and 0,042 mol NaOH. H2S04 molarity calibrated with heating titration, so that resulted 245 mg/l mol H2SO4. Sulfate standard curves made by UV Spectrometer measurements in 420nm. The Nitrate Capacity of bed column resin OH 0,178 meq/ml, and bed column resin CI 0,060 meq/ml. OH anion equivalent Dowex X1 OH resin 16,071 eq/kg, and CO3 anion equivalent Dowex X1 OH resin 46,714 eq/kg. For Dowex X1 CI resin, is 1,071 eq/kg and 1,510 eq/kg. Chlorides capacity of Dowex X1 OH resin 21 eq/kg and for Dowex X1 CI resin -0,37 eq/kg. Dry and wet density of Dowex X1 OH resin are 0,9326 gr/ml and 0,7668 gr/ml. Dry and wet density of Dowex X1 CI resin 0,9090 gr/ml and 0,9074 gr/ml. The resin conditioning before and after process applicated in 0,5 M NaOH elution. (author)

  15. NOAA/NMC/CAC Arctic and Antarctic Monthly Sea Ice Extent, 1973-1990

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Sea ice extent from January 1973 through August 1990 was digitized from weekly operational sea ice charts produced by the Navy/NOAA Joint Ice Center. Charts were...

  16. 反击驱赶政策、皖南事变与新四军战略重心的北移--论1939年底至1941年初毛泽东和中共中央对新四军危局的应对%The Fight Against the Expelling Policy,the Southern Anhui Incident and North Transfer in Strategic Focus of N4A---On Mao Ze -dong and CPC Central Committee’s Solutions to N4A Crisis by the end of 1939 to early 1941

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王祖奇; 王骅书

    2015-01-01

    By the end of 1939 to early 1941,on the solutions to N4A crisis arising from the policy of expelling by the Kuomintang,Mao Ze -dong and the CPC central committee proposed and implemented a policy that the strategic focus on the New Fourth Army will transfer to the north of the Yangtze River.In the process of implementation,Mao Ze -dong and the central committee of CPC have always been based on the whole situation,dialectically flexible on the guidance of the action of north transfer of south N4A in a slow or fast speed,the Eighth Route Army of the North China in South Transfer plan on prepa-ration or in action,and military and political solutions to the Southern Anhui Incident in attack or defense,hence the Chiang Kai -shek government had to admit the fact that the N4A insisted on anti -Japanese war and development autonomously in the north of the Yangtze River.The crisis of the N4A was cracked in the struggle to fight back Southern Anhui Incident,and con-stituted the key to the beneficial transition to Central Committee on relation of the KMT and the CPC after the second anti -Communist onslaught.%1939年底至1941年初,在应对因国民党的驱赶政策而产生的新四军危局中,毛泽东和中共中央提出并实施了将新四军战略重心向长江以北地区转移的方针。在实施过程中,毛泽东和中共中央始终立足全局,灵活辩证地指导江南新四军北移行动的或急或缓,华北八路军南援计划的或备或启,皖南事变中军事政治应对的或攻或守,最终促使蒋介石政府不得不承认新四军坚持在长江以北地区自主抗战与发展的事实。新四军的危局在反击皖南事变的斗争中被破解,构成了第二次反共高潮后国共关系向有利于中共方面转变的关键。

  17. 推迟退休年龄和延迟领取基本养老金年龄可行吗——来自广东省在职职工预期退休年龄的经验证据%Is it Feasible to Defer Retirement Age and Postpone the Earliest Age for Pension Benefit? -Empirical Evidences from Expected Retirement Age of On-Job Workers in GuangDong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阳义南; 才国伟

    2012-01-01

    推迟退休年龄、延迟领取养老金年龄的主要影响群体是在职职工,本文使用广东省21个地市对在职职工的问卷调查数据,探索该政策能否可行的经验证据。结果显示,男职工选择在55岁之前退休的占55%,女职工选择在50岁之前退休的占41.2%,表明在职职工存在明显的提前退休倾向,推迟退休并不符合在职职工预期。0rdinal Logistic回归表明参加养老金制度年数对男女职工预期退休年龄的影响均显著为负,表明参加养老金制度越久,预期退休年龄越早;Binary Logistic回归也证实参加养老金制度年数越久,提前退休可能性越大。实证结果说明基本养老保险制度不能激励职工推迟退休、延迟领取养老金。为此,本文提出了对应的四点改革建议。%Since the mainly affected group of deferring retirement age and postponing the earliest age for pension benefit is the on-job workers, this article uses survey data from 21 cities in GuangDong province to investigate the planned retirement age of workers. The results show that 55% of male workers will choose to retire before 55, 41.2% of female workers will choose to retire before 50, which demonstrate an early retirement tendency. After controlling the effect of other factors, the results of Ordinal Logistic model demonstrate that participation years of pension program have a significantly negative effect on planned retirement age of the workers. The results of binary logistic model also confirm that participation years have a significantly negative effect on the dummy variable of early retirement. These empirical evidences indicate that deferring retirement age doesn't match the expectation of on-job workers and current old-age insurance system also can't encourage workers to postpone the earliest age of pension benefit. At last, this article puts forward a series of policy suggestions.

  18. Cryptococcus neoformans Senses CO2 through the Carbonic Anhydrase Can2 and the Adenylyl Cyclase Cac1

    OpenAIRE

    Mogensen, Estelle Gewiss; Janbon, Guilhem; Chaloupka, James; Steegborn, Clemens; Fu, Man Shun; Moyrand, Frédérique; Klengel, Torsten; Pearson, David S.; Geeves, Michael A.; Buck, Jochen; Levin, Lonny R.; Mühlschlegel, Fritz A.

    2006-01-01

    Cryptococcus neoformans, a fungal pathogen of humans, causes fatal meningitis in immunocompromised patients. Its virulence is mainly determined by the elaboration of a polysaccharide capsule surrounding its cell wall. During its life, C. neoformans is confronted with and responds to dramatic variations in CO2 concentrations; one important morphological change triggered by the shift from its natural habitat (0.033% CO2) to infected hosts (5% CO2) is the induction of capsule biosynthesis. In ce...

  19. VPP evaluation from a small player's perspective : Dong Energy as an example

    OpenAIRE

    Su, Ming

    2014-01-01

    Virtual power plant (VPP),which can be interpreted as a strip of hourly European options, gives the buyers (normally the competitors of the big player in the electricity market) the rights but not obligation to buy an agreed amount of electricity from the big player at a pre-determined price during one specific period. VPP has been used as a tool for regulators to encourage competition in the electricity market since the very beginning of 21th century. During the past years, VPP has mainly be...

  20. Balanced scorecard implementation at Rang Dong plastic joint-stock company (RDP)

    OpenAIRE

    Tuan Trong Luu

    2010-01-01

    From the balanced scorecard (BSC) framework, which encourages the use of both financial and non-financial measures of performance, allowing the firm to pinpoint its strategic objectives via balancing four perspectives – financial, customers, internal business processes, and learning and growth – to measure firm performance (Kaplan and Norton, 1992; Kaplan and Norton, 1996), the paper sought to explore how balanced business scorecards were designed and to what extent of success they were imple...

  1. Association between Vitamin D Status and Risk of Peripheral Arterial Disease: The Dong-gu Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Su-Hyun; Kweon, Sun-Seog; Choi, Jin-Su; Rhee, Jung-Ae; Lee, Young-Hoon; Nam, Hae-Sung; Jeong, Seul-Ki; Park, Kyeong-Soo; Ryu, So-Yeon; Choi, Seong-Woo

    2016-01-01

    Low levels of vitamin D have been associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk. However, few studies have evaluated the association between vitamin D status and peripheral arterial disease (PAD). We therefore aimed to investigate whether low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were associated with increased risk of PAD in the Korean population. This cross-sectional study was conducted among 8,960 subjects aged 50 years or older without known myocardial infarction or stroke. PAD was defined by an ankle brachial blood pressure index vitamin D levels may contribute to PAD in the Korean population.

  2. NING BO DONG FANG BO SAI%宁波东方波塞

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄川

    2008-01-01

    新都市主义是在全面反思现代主义的基础上.提出的一种新的城市规划与设计思想,其核心是“紧凑城市”的主题。从德国柏林的城市开发,到美国的城镇规划和实施,让我们看到了新都市主义的运动在世界范围的实践。

  3. Liukeng:SECRET OF LOYALTY OF THE DONG FAMILY BLOOD AND ETHICS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    Why is it that the Liukeng village has been preserved so well after five or six dynasties?Why is it that a small village produced so many successful imperial examination candidates,provincial level successful examination candidates,officials and business people?Why is it that this family clan can unite as one without decline for thousand years?

  4. Jang Dong-gun is Chosen as the Most Popular Advertising Star

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄卫峰

    2009-01-01

    <正>Not long ago,the government agencies concerned in South Korea held a symposium on how to overcome the economic depression and increase the effects of ads.Besides,they made a questionnaire survey(问

  5. Shan Dong:Garlic Export Situation and Measures to Expand Exports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Yongfeng

    2009-01-01

    @@ China is one of the world's major garlic-producing,consumer and exporter countries.The main production bases of China's garlic are in Shandong,Henan,Jiangsu and other places.Shandong Province is the main home-town of garlic.The planting area of garlic in Jinxiang,Shandong and its surrounding rural counties is over 100 million Chinese acres.

  6. Overall view of the AA hall dominated by the 50 ton crane (Donges).

    CERN Multimedia

    1980-01-01

    A 50 ton, 32 metre span overhead travelling cranre was mounted in one of the bays of Hall 193 (AA). An identical crane was mounted on the other bay. See also photo 8004261. For photos of the AA in different phases of completion (between 1979 and 1982) see: 7911303, 7911597X, 8004261, 8004608X, 8005563X, 8005565X, 8006716X, 8006722X, 8010939X, 8010941X, 8202324, 8202658X, 8203628X .

  7. How do we sell the hygiene message? With dollars, dong or excreta?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Peter Kjaer Mackie; Phuc, Pham Duc; West, Line Gram Knudsen

    2010-01-01

    the hygiene message for most Vietnamese farmers. Even at national level the excreta economy has an impact. If Vietnam were to replace human excreta with imported fertilizer, it would involve an extra national expenditure of at least US$ 83 million a year.In order to convince Vietnamese farmers to adopt......In North and Central Vietnam it is common among farmers to use excreta from the family double vault composting latrine (DVC) as fertilizer in the fields. The official Vietnamese health guidelines stipulate a six-month period of composting before applying excreta to two of their three annual crops....... However, farmers in this region cannot afford to follow these guidelines and this paper presents the reasons why.In their efforts to ensure optimal hygienic conditions, by providing a guideline, the Vietnamese health authorities have not put sufficient attention to the 'excreta economy' in relation...

  8. How do we sell the hygiene message? With dollars, dong or excreta?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    West Line

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In North and Central Vietnam it is common among farmers to use excreta from the family double vault composting latrine (DVC as fertilizer in the fields. The official Vietnamese health guidelines stipulate a six-month period of composting before applying excreta to two of their three annual crops. However, farmers in this region cannot afford to follow these guidelines and this paper presents the reasons why. In their efforts to ensure optimal hygienic conditions, by providing a guideline, the Vietnamese health authorities have not put sufficient attention to the ‘excreta economy’ in relation to farmers’ livelihoods. The free fertilizer in the household DVC represents a value of approximately US$ 15.5 per year - or the equivalent of 15 percent of the annual household income for the poorest 20 percent of farmers. For this reason, the economic benefits derived from free fertilizer outweigh the hygiene message for most Vietnamese farmers. Even at national level the excreta economy has an impact. If Vietnam were to replace human excreta with imported fertilizer, it would involve an extra national expenditure of at least US$ 83 million a year. In order to convince Vietnamese farmers to adopt different fertilizing methods when reusing human excreta, it is necessary for the Vietnamese health authorities to change their hygiene message. They need to replace their current health sector-specific approach with a holistic one that takes the premises of farmers' livelihoods into account. If they do not the hygiene message will simply be lost.

  9. Lithocarpus dahuoaiensis (Fagaceae), a new species from Lam Dong Province, Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Ngoc, Nguyen; Van Dung, Luong; Tagane,Shuichiro; Binh, Hoang Thi; Son, Hoang Thanh; Trung, Vo Quang; Yahara, Tetsukazu

    2016-01-01

    Lithocarpus dahuoaiensis Ngoc & L. V. Dung, a new species from the Central highland of Vietnam, is described and illustrated. The new species is morphologically similar to Lithocarpus macphailii (M. R. Hend.) Barnett or Lithocarpus encleisocarpus (Korth.) A. Camus in having completely entire leaf margin, solitary cupule, long stalks of fruits, deeply cup-shaped or turbinate cupules, with a number of horizontal filiform lines. The species differs in its nut enclosure ca. 1/2 – 2/3 of the n...

  10. Antitumor and Antibacterial Derivatives of Oridonin: A Main Composition of Dong-Ling-Cao

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dahong Li

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Isodon rubescens has been used as a traditional green tea for more than 1000 years and many medicinal functions of I. rubescens are also very useful, such as its well-known antitumor and antibacterial activities. Oridonin, a bioactive ent-kaurane diterpenoid, is the major ingredient of this medicinal tea. Herein, 22 novel oridonin derivatives were designed and synthesized. The antibacterial activity was evaluated for the first time. Compound 12 was the most promising one with MIC of 2.0 μg/mL against B. subtilis, which was nearly 3-fold stronger than positive control chloromycetin. The antiproliferative property was also assayed and compound 19 showed stronger activity than taxol. The apoptosis-inducing ability, cell cycle arrest effect at S phase and influence of mitochondrial membrane potential by 19 in CaEs-17 cancer cells were first disclosed. Based on the above results, the cell apoptosis induced by compound 19 in CaEs-17 cells was most probably involved in the intrinsic apoptotic pathway.

  11. Association between Vitamin D Status and Risk of Peripheral Arterial Disease: The Dong-gu Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Su-Hyun; Kweon, Sun-Seog; Choi, Jin-Su; Rhee, Jung-Ae; Lee, Young-Hoon; Nam, Hae-Sung; Jeong, Seul-Ki; Park, Kyeong-Soo; Ryu, So-Yeon; Choi, Seong-Woo; Shin, Min-Ho

    2016-09-01

    Low levels of vitamin D have been associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk. However, few studies have evaluated the association between vitamin D status and peripheral arterial disease (PAD). We therefore aimed to investigate whether low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were associated with increased risk of PAD in the Korean population. This cross-sectional study was conducted among 8,960 subjects aged 50 years or older without known myocardial infarction or stroke. PAD was defined by an ankle brachial blood pressure index vitamin D levels may contribute to PAD in the Korean population. PMID:27689032

  12. Uji Performansi Mesin Pendingin Siklus Adsorpsi Bertenaga Surya dengan Luas Kolektor 1 m2 Kemiringan 30o Menggunakan Karbon Aktif -Metanol Sebagai Pasangan Adsorben-Adsorbat

    OpenAIRE

    Harefa, Piter

    2016-01-01

    Indonesia is blessed with abundant solar energy in whole year. According to white book energy of Indonesia, the average irradiance which incidents in Indonesia about 4.8 kWh/m2/day. That solar energy using as a main energy source at adsorption cycle refrigeration machine to produce cooling effect. In this research, the main components of machine consists of collector/absorber, condenser and evaporator. The collector/absorber has a surface area of 1 m2 and set-up with an inclination of 30o. Co...

  13. 方东美华严哲学初探%Primark Discussion on Fang Dong mei's Huayan Philosophy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞成义

    2002-01-01

    方东美是现代新儒家的代表之一,他的哲学体系充分体现了华严宗的宗教精神,所以要了解他的哲学思想,不能不了解他的华严哲学.写他思想的著作不少,但大多是从他思想的特点来阐述,本文尝试从宗教的角度出发,来解释他的华严哲学思想,以期抛砖引玉.

  14. Mao Dong Literature Prize in My Eyes%我所知道的茅盾文学奖

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷达

    2009-01-01

    @@ 一、设奖来由 据我所知,茅奖的历史可追溯到1945年.那年在重庆为茅盾举行了"五十寿辰和创作活动二十五周年纪念",在6月24日庆祝会上,正大纺织厂的陈钧经理委托沈钧儒和沙千里律师将一张十万元支票赠送给茅盾,指定作为茅盾文艺奖金.茅盾在接受捐款时表示:自己生平所写反映农村生活的作品不多,引以为憾,建议以这些捐款.举行一次反映农村生活题材的短篇小说有奖征文.按照茅盾意愿,"文协"为此专门成立了老舍、靳以、杨晦、冯雪峰、冯乃超、邵荃麟、叶以群组成的茅盾文艺奖金评奖委员会,并在新一卷第三期和八月三日的共同刊出了"文艺杂志社"与"文哨月刊社"联合发出的"茅盾文艺奖金"征文启示,规定征文以反映农村生活的短篇小说、速写、报告为限.这次征文经评选产生了一批较好作品.

  15. 董敏的“有机”情怀%Dong Min The“Organic”Feeling of

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖智慧

    2013-01-01

    “Personally speaking, my persistence for one day will enable large numbers of grainfield and water to be protected and soils to be conserved since our persistence in organic planting. I think it’s worth undertaking, an undertaking with special significance for society and human health.”%“从我个人来讲,我坚持一天,使得成千上万亩的粮田因为我们坚持有机种植能够被保护,水源能被保护,土壤能被涵养,我觉得这个事就值得做,它是一个对社会、对人的健康特别有意义的事儿。”

  16. Korean Confucianism's Mindful Learning Model of Moral Internalization as Manifested in the Cheonghak-Dong Hermit Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoo, Si Ha

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative study is to understand an unknown educational approach in Korean Confucianism's ethical education characterized as moral internalization, based on the study participants. A prevailed understanding of moral internalization of Confucianism is a strong imposed learning process, which is a well known Asian learning…

  17. 董仲舒教化哲学研究%On Dong Zhong-shu's philosophy of Bildung

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱人求

    2007-01-01

    教化哲学是董仲舒思想体系中十分重要的组成部分.秉承《中庸》的"天命之谓性,率性之谓道,修道之谓教"的思想路径,董仲舒教化理论可分为天道教化、人性教化和王道教化三个不同的思想向度.天是董仲舒思想的最高范畴,是宇宙的主宰和最高权威,是社会道德教化、政治教化的终极价值根源.在人性教化方面,董仲舒主要提出了"教化成性"说,它充分论证了道德教化和政治教化的可能性与必要性.王道教化是董仲舒教化思想的现实归宿,它集中体现了董仲舒的时代关切.

  18. Comparison of elevation derived from insar data with dem from topography map in Son Dong, Bac Giang, Viet Nam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Duy

    2012-07-01

    Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) are used in many applications in the context of earth sciences such as in topographic mapping, environmental modeling, rainfall-runoff studies, landslide hazard zonation, seismic source modeling, etc. During the last years multitude of scientific applications of Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry (InSAR) techniques have evolved. It has been shown that InSAR is an established technique of generating high quality DEMs from space borne and airborne data, and that it has advantages over other methods for the generation of large area DEM. However, the processing of InSAR data is still a challenging task. This paper describes InSAR operational steps and processing chain for DEM generation from Single Look Complex (SLC) SAR data and compare a satellite SAR estimate of surface elevation with a digital elevation model (DEM) from Topography map. The operational steps are performed in three major stages: Data Search, Data Processing, and product Validation. The Data processing stage is further divided into five steps of Data Pre-Processing, Co-registration, Interferogram generation, Phase unwrapping, and Geocoding. The Data processing steps have been tested with ERS 1/2 data using Delft Object-oriented Interferometric (DORIS) InSAR processing software. Results of the outcome of the application of the described processing steps to real data set are presented.

  19. VizieR Online Data Catalog: UV-FIR SED results of SDSS QSOs and their hosts (Dong+, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, X. Y.; Wu, X.-B.

    2016-08-01

    SDSS Stripe 82 covers approximately 270deg2 area on the cel equator in the south Galactic cap, spanning from 20h to 4h in RA and -1.25°~1.25° in DEC. It has been repeatedly imaged by SDSS between 1998 and 2007. Besides the optical imaging survey and the spectroscopic survey, SDSS Stripe 82 has also been observed extensively by other surveys from X-ray through UV/optical to IR and radio bandpasses. Among these surveys, HerS (Viero+, 2014, J/ApJS/210/22), an imaging survey conducted by SPIRE on board the Herschel Space Observatory, covers about 79deg2 in area to an average depth of 13.0, 12.9, and 14.8mJy/beam (including a confusion limit of 7mJy) at 250, 350, and 500um, respectively. The quasar sample is selected by cross-identifying the HerS catalog with the Shen et al. (2011, J/ApJS/194/45) quasar catalog, the compiled catalog based on the spectroscopic quasar catalog (Schneider et al. 2010, VII/260) from SDSS Data Release 7 (Abazajian et al. 2009, II/294); and the SDSS quasar catalog from the tenth data release (Paris et al. 2014, VII/270). The search radius is 5 arcsec. See section 2 for further details. (1 data file).

  20. Governing "Suzhi" and Curriculum Reform in Rural Ethnic China: Viewpoints from the Miao and Dong Communities in Qiandongnan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Jinting

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the uptake of "suzhi"--roughly glossed as "quality"--in China's recent curriculum reform called "suzhi jiaoyu" (Education for Quality) in the rural ethnic context of Qiandongnan. It engages with three layers of analysis. First is a brief etymological overview of "suzhi" to map out its cultural politics in contemporary China.…

  1. Commutated inversor at low frequency for application of fuel cells in distributed generation; Inversor comutado em baixa frequencia para aplicacao de CaCs na geracao distribuida

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martins, Geomar Machado; Pomilio, Jose Antenor; Vendrusculo, Edson A. [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia Eletrica e de Computacao], e-mail: antenor@dsce.fee.unicamp.br

    2004-07-01

    The connection of Fuel Cell Power Plants with the utility grid generally needs an electronic power converter for processing the locally generated power and injecting current into the system. Since the source provides a DC voltage, the converter must be able to produce a low-distortion, high-power factor AC current. This paper presents the results obtained with use of a three-phase and a single-phase inverter using low-frequency commutation. An auxiliary circuit is added to the inverter topologies in order to reduce the output voltage distortion, thus improving the current waveform. The main advantages of this approach are the minimization of the switching losses (i.e. high efficiency) and the elimination of the EMI (which avoids high-frequency filters necessary in high-frequency commutation inverters). (author)

  2. Call Admission Control Method Based on AHP and MMTD%基于AHP和MMTD的呼叫接纳控制方法AM-CAC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雪梅; 张登银

    2013-01-01

    提出一种统一的呼叫接纳控制方法。应用层次分析过程(AHP)实现系统建模,根据网络运营目标,对于决策所依据的诸多准则之间的重要性关系进行定性分析和定量描述,从而确定各准则在决策中的影响力;应用中介真值程度度量(MMTD)方法统一量化各影响因素相对各准则的真值程度,通过配置合理参数,来适应异构网络在技术特性、性能目标上的差异。仿真结果表明,文中所提方法对于网络的运营目标和偏好具有很好的适应能力。%An unified call admission control method was proposed,which adopted the Analytic Hierarchy Process ( AHP) to achieve sys-tem modeling. According to the targets of network operators,the pairwise relationship of importance among criterions associated with de-cison-making is analyzed qualitatively and described quantitatively,to determine influence of each criterion on decision-making;moreo-ver,the method of Measureing of Medium Truth Degree ( MMTD) is employed to quantify the truth degree of each factor relative to cri-terion,and reasonable parameters are configured to adapt to difference in technical characteristics and performance goals among heteroge-neous network. Simulation results show that the proposed method has a better ability to adapt to goals and preferences of network opera-tors.

  3. Public Perception of CCS Technology. The Effects of Information on Attitude; Percepcion Publica de la Tecnologia de CAC. El Efecto de la Informacion en la Actitud

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oltra, C.; Marin, R.; Sala, R.

    2011-11-10

    This report examines the public perception of Carbon Capture and Storage technology and the impacts of information on perception. We analyze, from an electronic questionnaire with technical and contextual information, dimensions such as the initial reaction to the technology, the acceptance of CO{sub 2} storage, the perception of risk of storage and the degree of antagonism toward the organizations involved. The determinants of attitudes and reactions to CCS are also analyzed. A favorable initial reaction to CCS is found after some information and contextualization of CCS as well as significant risk perception. The type of information transmitted appears to influence the attitude of participants to the technology. The broader positive impact on attitude occurs when transmitting the idea of CO{sub 2} as a natural resource. (Author) 4 refs.

  4. Pengaruh Struktur Kepemilikan, Ukuran Komite Audit dan Kualitas Audit Terhadap Luas Pengungkapan Kompensasi Manajemen Kunci di Laporan Keuangan [Effects of Ownership Structure and Audit Committee Size on the Disclosure of Executive Management Compensation in Financial Statements

    OpenAIRE

    Kristiana Gabriela Astri Astasari; Yeterina Widi Nugrahanti

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of ownership structure and audit committee's size to the disclosure of executive management compensation in the Financial Statement. The research 's samples are 125 manufacturing companies that listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2012. The results of this research show that managerial ownership and audit committee's size does not have a significant effect to the disclosure of executive management compensation in the Financial Statements...

  5. Pengaruh Struktur Kepemilikan, Ukuran Komite Audit dan Kualitas Audit Terhadap Luas Pengungkapan Kompensasi Manajemen Kunci di Laporan Keuangan [Effects of Ownership Structure and Audit Committee Size on the Disclosure of Executive Management Compensation in Financial Statements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristiana Gabriela Astri Astasari

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of ownership structure and audit committee's size to the disclosure of executive management compensation in the Financial Statement. The research 's samples are 125 manufacturing companies that listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2012. The results of this research show that managerial ownership and audit committee's size does not have a significant effect to the disclosure of executive management compensation in the Financial Statements. Besides that, institutional ownership has a negative significant effect to the disclosure of executive management compensation in the Financial Statements.

  6. A arte de morar... na Lua: a construção de um novo espaço de morar frente à mudança do dispositivo asilar para o Serviço Residencial Terapêutico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tania Kuperman Sztajnberg

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Em instituições que funcionam sob a lógica da desinstitucionalização existe um número significativo de pacientes que permanecem nos hospitais psiquiátricos. A implantação dos Serviços Residenciais Terapêuticos tornou-se uma das principais estratégias da reforma psiquiátrica. A partir do estudo de um caso clínico e os enfrentamentos encontrados neste trabalho, no que tange a passagem da internação ao SRT, aponto para a necessidade de uma escuta clínica que propicie a invenção de um espaço subjetivo que permitirá alguma circulação entre os dispositivos.

  7. Rancang Bangun dan Uji Eksperimental Pengaruh Profil Dan Jumlah Sudu Pada Variasi Kecepatan Angin Terhadap Daya Dan Putaran Turbin Angin Savonius Menggunakan Sudu Pengarah Dengan Luas Sapuan Rotor 0,9 m2

    OpenAIRE

    Marpaung, Sugiarto

    2011-01-01

    Turbin angin merupakan mesin dengan sudu berputar yang mengonversikan energi kinetik angin menjadi energi mekanik. Turbin angin savonius merupakan salah satu jenis turbin angin sumbu vertikal yang memanfaatkan drag force saat mengekstrak energi kinetik angin, sehingga semakin besar drag force sudu rotor turbin maka efisiensi sudu semakin besar. Objek penelitian ini adalah turbin angin savonius dengan variasi jumlah dan profil sudu dan menggunakan sudu pengarah. Adapun profil...

  8. Glucose and acute exercise influence factors secreted by circulating angiogenic cells in vitro

    OpenAIRE

    Witkowski, Sarah; Guhanarayan, Gayatri; Burgess, Rachel

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Circulating angiogenic cells (CAC) influence vascular repair through the secretion of proangiogenic factors and cytokines. While CAC are deficient in patients with diabetes and exercise has a beneficial effect on CACs, the impact of these factors on paracrine secretion from CAC is unknown. We aimed to determine whether the in vitro secretion of selected cytokines and nitric oxide (NO) from CAC is influenced by hyperglycemia and acute exercise. Colony‐forming unit CAC (CFU‐CAC) were c...

  9. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-VPAC-01-0027 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-VPAC-01-0027 emb|CAC21440.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC21441.1| olfactory... receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC21442.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC21443.1| olfactory... receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC21444.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] CAC21440.1 1e-149 89% ...

  10. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-VPAC-01-1088 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-VPAC-01-1088 emb|CAC21440.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC21441.1| olfactory... receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC21442.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC21443.1| olfactory... receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC21444.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] CAC21440.1 1e-159 89% ...

  11. Application of instrumental neutron activation analysis for study on stone artefacts in Lam Ha'sites of Lam Dong province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this study, 55 samples of stone artifacts at some prehistory monuments in Lam Ha District. The concentration of 24 elements: Al, V, Mn, Cl, Na, K, As, La, Sm, Sc, Cr, Fe, Co, Rb, Sb, Cs, Ce, Nd, Eu, Tb, Yb, Hf, Ta, Th in these stone artifacts were analyzed by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). The element concentration of the stone samples were processed by statistical methods (including summary statistic and Principal Component Analysis (PCA), Mahalanobis Distance (MD). Results showed that the concentration of the samples in these sites are similar and the sources of stone artefacts come from the locally rock sources. (author)

  12. 东风汽车公司的集配送货制%Collection and Delivery System of Dong Feng Auto Corporation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玉华

    2003-01-01

    @@ 为适应市场经济的变化,满足客户的个性化要求,多品种混流生产正在取代传统的大量流水生产方式.集配送货制就是在这种生产方式转变中产生和发展起来的.

  13. Risk Factors for Birth Defects:A Conditional Logistic Regression Analysis of a Case-Control Study in Guang-dong Province of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志瑾; 穆荔

    1999-01-01

    In order to study risk factors and their association with birth defects,data were collected from 329 cases and 329 controls in 38 hospitals in Guangdong Province of China in 1988.Information was obtained from the same questionnaire(23 risk factors listed)of cases and controls.We used a multivariate logistic model,which described variables significantly increased risk of birth defects.The risk factors included maternal educa-tional levels,medicine taken during pregnancy and antenatal care.It was suggested to strengthen antenatal care was the main preventive measure against birth defects.

  14. 深圳市居民户膳食模式调查%Investigation on the dietary intake and nutritional status of residents in Shenzhen, Guang-dong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘柳波; 王舟; 黄薇; 张锦周; 曹彬; 张志航

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解深圳市居民膳食营养状况,为营养教育和营养改善工作提供科学依据.方法 采用分层整群随机抽样方法,对244户居民853人进行家庭膳食调查.3日24 h回顾法获得每个调查对象各类食物的进食量,用称重法获得每个家庭的调味品的消费最.结果 深圳市居民每标准入日能量摄入为10.2 MJ,占推荐摄入量(RNIs)的102.00%.蛋白质摄入量为103.5 g/d,占推荐摄入量(RNI)的138.00%.脂肪摄入量为96.4 g/d.维生素A、硫胺素和核黄素摄入量分别为788.0μg RE/d、1.0 mg/d和0.9 mg/d,分别占RNIs的98.50%、71.43%和64.329%.维生素B6、叶酸摄入量为0.2 mg/d、103.1μg/d,分别占RNIs的16.67%和25.78%.钙、铁、钠摄入量分别为620.0mg/d、23.0mg/d和5 310.8 mg/d,分别为RNIs的77.50%、153.34%和241.40%.结论 深圳市居民每日能量、蛋白质、脂肪摄入量充足,核黄素、硫胺素、维生素B6、叶酸和钙的摄入量偏低,钠的摄入量偏高.要加强合理营养、平衡膳食的宣传教育,防止营养相关慢性病的持续上升.%Objective To understand the dietary and nutritional status of residents in Shenzhen and provide scientific evidence for nutrition improvement. Methods 244 households included 853 residents were selected from Shenzhen through three-stage randomized cluster sampling. Food intake was determined using a single 72-h dietary recall. The data of household condiments were collected by weighting method. Results The averages of daily energy and protein intakes were 2429.0 Kcal and 103. 5g, which accounted for 101. 2% and 137. 3% of the Chinese Recommended Nutrient Intake (RNI), respectively. The average intakes of fat, retinol, thiamine, riboflavine, Vitamin B6, folic acid, calcium, iron and sodium were 96. 4 g, 788. 0 ugRE, 1. 0 mg, 0. 9 mg, 0. 2 mg, 103. 1 ug, 620. 0 mg, 23. 0 mg and 5310. 8 mg, respectively. Conclusion The intakes of energy, protein and fat were improved. However, insufficient intakes were found for retinol, thiamine, riboflavine and calcium , which is also important

  15. The Seventh Mao Dong Literature Prize I Experienced%我所经历的第七届茅盾文学奖

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡平

    2009-01-01

    在第七届茅盾文学奖评奖工作中,我担任评奖办公室主任,前后经历了一些过程。写下这篇文章,是充当一份备忘录,提供一些情况,也谈些个人看法。

  16. Analysis of Dermatoglyphic Parameters of Different groups of Dong Nationality in China%中国侗族不同群体的肤纹参数分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向德标; 皮建辉; 谭娟; 卫思丽

    2015-01-01

    分别对贵州侗族406(男200、女206)人、广西侗族415(男215、女200)人、湖南侗族400(男207、女193)人和湖北侗族428(男212、女216)人的肤纹进行了分析,得到了侗族不同群体的指纹频率、指纹脊线总数(TFRC)、a-b脊线数(a-bRC)、atd角、t距比(tPD)、手掌真实花纹、猿线、指三角和轴三角、跖纹等项目参数,并对侗族不同群体肤纹特征进行了比较分析.结果显示,贵州侗族与广西侗族的肤纹特征较接近,湖南侗族与湖北侗族的肤纹特征较接近.

  17. Innovation and Development of Mao Ze-Dong's Thought%毛泽东思想的创新与发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨鹤清; 赵怀清

    2005-01-01

    任何一个理论的创立和发展都是时代发展要求的反映.马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想、邓小平理论和"三个代表"重要思想更是如此.它们都是一脉相承的统一的科学理论体系,都是在时代不断向前推进的过程中,随着无产阶级革命和社会主义现代化建设事业的历史发展进程中,为解决现实问题而提出的理论成果.只要我们深入认识和理解它们之间的关系,就能把握时代的脉搏,不断提出新的理论,指导实践.

  18. 贵州侗族建筑的审美特征试探%Reasearch of the Aesthetic Characteristics in Nation Building of Dong GuiZhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵曼丽

    2009-01-01

    民族建筑是民族文化的载体,寄托了人们的审美情趣和精神需求,有着迷人的艺术魅力和丰富的审美特征.本文从探讨民族建筑入手,阐释了贵州侗族建筑的审美特征.

  19. SOMATOTYPE OF DONG NATIONALITY ADULT STUDIED WITH THE HEATH-CARTER ANTHROPOMETRY METHOD%侗族成人Heath-Carter法体型研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄世宁; 浦洪琴; 庞祖荫

    2004-01-01

    为探讨我国侗族成人的体型特征,本文采用Heath-Carter人体测量法对广西壮族自治区三江侗族自治县林溪乡515例(男254,女261)20-60岁的土著侗族成人进行了体型评定.结果表明:1)侗族成人男女的平均体型值分别为2.2-4.5-2.4和4.3-4.2-1.5,侗族成人男女分别属均衡的中胚层体型和内胚层一中胚层均衡体型;2)侗族成人男女间SAD值为2.33,T为11.9,男女间的体型有非常显著性差异(P<0.001);3)与国内、外资料相比,侗族男女的内、中因子值和男性外因子值居中,女性外因子值最低.

  20. On the Classification and Inheritance of Gaochang's Dong Songs%浅谈高场侗歌的分类及传承

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑启贵

    2011-01-01

    Based on the investigation in Gaochang Village,Bazhai Town,Liping County,Southeast of Guizhou,this article analyses the classification and inheritance,emphasizing that Gaochang people inherits their own national culture without words but with mouth telling and by heart learning.%本文在对黔东南州黎平县坝寨乡高场村考察的基础上分析高场侗歌的分类及传承,强调高场人民对本民族文化作"无字传承"和"口传心授"的传承。

  1. Study On Beneficiation Technology Of Dong Pao Rare-Earth-Barite-Fluorite With Two Product Plans About Content And Recovery Of Rare-Earth Fine Ores

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ore sample used in the research was taken from the F3 ore bodies and the sample of the F7, F9 and F16 ore bodies which contain the average of 5.98% TR2O3; they are multi-metals ore which is difficult to enrich, highly weather with very complex ingredients. The process of the experiment is the ore is crushed, ground, screened and classified reasonably to -0.1 mm and divided into 3 particle size with the following technique: (1) -0.020 mm is primary sludge and the rare-earth fine ore; (2) 0.075-1 mm is gotten through the sludge concentrating table with the output is the 2 parts: the heavy part which is dried magnetic separator with high magnetism to get the rare-earth fine ore and the light one; (3) Light minerals, non-magnetic and ferromagnetic minerals group are ground together to 85% of them get size within -0.075 mm then mix it with 0.020-0.075 mm group. Using flotation separator, get barite-rare earth mixture and fluorite. After that, we separate this mixture by secondary flotation and get refined rare earth, barite and fluorite mineral. The result of the theme: (1) product plan A-rare-earth fine ore has TR2O3 content archive 42.07% with recovery is 69.70%; (2) product plan B-rare-earth fine ore has TR2O3 content archive 29.64% with recovery is 80.01%. (author)

  2. Researches on Controlling by Water Resource' s Price in The Basin of Dong River%东江流域水资源价格调控研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒强; 董亚明; 丁疆华

    2006-01-01

    运用水资源价值模糊数学模型计算出流域四大区间水资源价格,并对价格调整后的供水风险和水资源优化配置进行了分析.根据计算结果认为,水价的调整可以作为水利工程措施的一种有益补充,通过建立水市场,利用水价这一杠杆,实现水权的有偿转让,结合工程措施实施流域内调水能有效的降低区间供水风险.

  3. Pemerdayaan Masyarakat Berbasis Hutan Rakyat Dalam Memelihara Kelestarian Sumberdaya Hutan (Studi Kasus Pada Kelompok Masyarakat Gaharu di Kel. Pekan Bahorok, Kec. Bahorok)

    OpenAIRE

    Ardillah, Muhammad Reza

    2013-01-01

    Indonesia dikenal sebagai negara memiliki luas hutan yang banyak yaitu sebesar 99,6 juta hektar atau 52,3 % dari luas wilayah Indonesia. Besarnya angka diatas juga berbanding lurus dengan laju deforestasi yang tinggi pula yaitu sebesar 610.375,92 Ha per tahun. Besarnya luas hutan diatas, terdapat pula masyarakat yang bermukim di dalam ataupun disekitar hutan Indonesia. Kondisi masyarakat tersebut juga tergolong dalam keadaan miskin seperti kondisi masyarakat lainnya. Ketersediaan sumber daya ...

  4. Rationalisation of Legionella Urinary Antigen Testing.

    OpenAIRE

    Lynch, Breda

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Legionnaires’ is a severe pneumonia, the diagnosis of which can be confirmed by a positive Legionella Urinary Antigen (LUA) test. The British Thoracic Society has specific guidelines for its use. Incorrect LUA test requests can result in false-positive results while accumulating costs. Aims and Objectives: The aim is the rationalisation of LUA testing. The first objective is to educate clinicians on indications for testing reducing unnecessary orders. The second is to develop...

  5. Application of Intelligent PID Controller in CaC2 Furnace Electrode Adjustment System%智能PID控制在电石炉电极调节系统中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈龙; 马伯渊; 张雪峰

    2007-01-01

    针对三相电极电流耦合的电石炉系统,设计出一种智能PID控制器.该控制器首先采用实数编码的遗传算法优化PID控制器的参数,得到一组参数的最优值.然后以此最优值作为PID参数的初始值,结合积分分离的原则设计出一种模糊解耦推理规则对PID参数进行实时整定,以确保系统的响应具有最优的动态和稳态性能.对比仿真试验的结果表明,与常规的PID控制器相比,这种智能PID控制器用于电石炉控制系统可达到良好的动、静态性能和鲁棒性.

  6. A national inventory of greenhouse gas (GHG), criteria air contaminants (CAC) and hydrogen sulphide (H2S) emissions by the upstream oil and gas industry : volume 1, overview of the GHG emissions inventory : technical report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A detailed inventory of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the upstream oil and gas sector in Canada was presented along with explanations of the methodologies and data sources used. This report is based on previous work done on methane and volatile organic compound emissions from the upstream oil and gas sector for the period of 1990 to 1995, but it includes key improvements in identifying primary types of emissions sources such as emissions from fuel combustion, flaring, venting, fugitive equipment leaks and accidental releases. It also includes criteria air contaminants and hydrogen sulfide emissions, an analysis of GHG emission intensities and a change in the definition of volatile organic compounds from comprising all non-methane hydrocarbons to comprising all non-methane and non-ethane hydrocarbons. The report covers portions of the upstream oil and gas industry in Canada plus the natural gas transmission and natural gas distribution industries with reference to well drilling, oil production, and natural gas production, processing, transmission and distribution. Accidents and equipment failures are also included. The report reveals the total GHG emissions by source type, sub-sector, facility type and sub-type for the year 2000 at the national level. In 2000, the total carbon dioxide equivalent GHG emissions from the entire oil and gas sector were 101,211 kilo tonnes. For the upstream oil and gas sector alone, total GHG emissions were 84,355 kilo tonnes, representing 12 per cent of Canada's total national emissions of GHGs in 2000. This is an increase of about 25 per cent from 1995 levels. The biggest primary source of these emissions is fuel combustion, which accounts for 40.8 per cent of the total. This report also includes a provincial breakdown of GHG emissions for the natural gas transmission, storage and distribution sub-sectors in Canada for the year 2000. refs., tabs., figs

  7. Experts Perception on Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in Spain; La Percepcion de la Captura y Almacenamiento de CO{sub 2} (CAC) por Parte de los Expertos Espanoles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sola, R.; Oltra, C.

    2010-12-24

    This report presents the results from a survey on experts attitudes towards the development of CCS in Spain. This is the fi rst study carried out in Spain trying to report an empirical analysis of stake holders perception on the risks, challenges and barriers facing CCS deployment. Results show a positive attitude towards CCS implementation in Spain. Experts are concerned about the existence of suitable storage sites in Spain, safety of storage and costs from capture. They tend to support of CCS as a bridging solution to climate change and have a general low level of perceived risk from CCS. Experts risk perception is influenced, to some extent, by prior values and beliefs as well as by socio demographics and, to a lesser extent, by group membership. (Author) 15 refs.

  8. Press Coverage of CCS: A New Technology in the Media; Analisis de la Cobertura de la Tecnologia de Captura y Almacenamiento de CO{sub 2} (CAC) en la Prensa Escrita: Una Nueva Tecnologia en los Medios de Comunicacion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sola, R.; Oltra, C.; Sala, R.; Di Masso, M.

    2009-12-19

    Public knowledge of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technology is very low among the Spanish population. Only 17% of the Spanish said to have heard about CCS. There is also an important percentage of the population who is not sure about the use of CCS as a mitigation option for climate change. In that sense, the media could play an important role in the formation of public attitudes of CCS. The objective of the present work is to identify the picture of CCS transmitted in the Spanish press from January 2005 to July 2008. We carried out a quantitative analysis of a total of 139 press articles, considering different dimensions as the general attitude to CCS, the actors mentioned and their attitude, benefits and risks related to CCS, or the link with climate change. Data show a significant increase of CCS coverage in the Spanish press from 2007. The CCS technology is framed in the climate change context, as a possible solution to reduce CO{sub 2} emissions. The general attitude transmitted is positive: the benefits of the technology are emphasized versus the risks. Nevertheless, data show an important polarization in the attitudes through CCS between environmental NGOs (against it) and all the other actors (in favour). (Author) 5 refs.

  9. Monitoring Protein Conformation Changes as an Activating Step for Protein Interactions with Cross-linking/MS Analysis. / Chen, Zhuo; Rasmussen, Morten; Tahir, Salman; Clark, C.A.C; Barlow, Paul; Rappsilber, Juri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Morten

    cross-links identified imply the structural differences. Specifically, when the ANA domain is proteolytically removed during the conversion of C3 to C3b, seven cross-links between the ANA domain and the surrounding domains in C3 are replaced by three cross-links connected to the newly created N......-terminus. The TED domain relocates as is revealed by three cross-links to the ANA domain in C3 and four cross-links to the MG1 domain in C3b, a domain that is remote in C3. In C3b case, a cross-link within the CUB domain suggests a folded structure of this domain, a matter of dispute in the competing crystal...

  10. XU Cun2dong1, XIE Li2yun1, WANG Ya2nan1,NAN Rui2fang1,ZHANG Shuo1,WEI Huai2dong2%均值控制图法在泵站压力管道损伤识别中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐存东; 谢利云; 王亚楠; 南瑞芳; 张硕; 魏怀东

    2014-01-01

    The pressure pipe of high2lift pump station can have structural damages due to flow2induced vibration, and the mean controlchartmethodbasedonthestatisticalpatterntheorywasproposedtoidentifythedamage.First,theresponseinformation of the measured data was obtained under the normal and to2be2detected conditions, which can be used to develop the system modelfordamagediagnosis.Then,statisticalcalculationswereperformedonnumerousdatainformationtoextracttheeigenval2 ue and optimize the eigenvector. Finally,the mean control chart method was used to identify the damage in the pressure pipe of the pump station. The results show ed that the mean control chart method can identify any damage in the pressure pipe intuitively and accurately, and therefore it can be used as an important method for damage identification of pressure pipe of pump station.%针对高扬程泵站压力管道由于流激振动引起的结构损伤问题,基于统计模式理论,提出了采用均值控制图识别压力管道损伤的方法。首先通过获取正常状态和待识别状态下实测数据的响应信息,构建损伤诊断的系统模型,对大量数据信息进行统计计算,然后提取特征值,优化特征向量,最后采用均值控制图法对压力管道损伤部位进行识别。实例分析结果表明,基于统计模式识别的均值控制图法,可以直观精确地对压力管道是否存在损伤做出识别,因此可以作为工程中大型泵站压力管道损伤识别的重要方法。

  11. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-PHAM-01-0182 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-PHAM-01-0182 emb|CAC20485.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC20486.1| olfactory... receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC20489.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC20490.1| olfactory... receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAQ08043.1| olfactory receptor, family 2, subfamily J, member 1 [Homo sapiens] CAC20485.1 5e-49 92% ...

  12. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-PHAM-01-0704 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-PHAM-01-0704 emb|CAC20485.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC20486.1| olfactory... receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC20489.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC20490.1| olfactory... receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAQ08043.1| olfactory receptor, family 2, subfamily J, member 1 [Homo sapiens] CAC20485.1 1e-157 89% ...

  13. Scaffold-Free Coculture Spheroids of Human Colonic Adenocarcinoma Cells and Normal Colonic Fibroblasts Promote Tumorigenicity in Nude Mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jong-il Park

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to form a scaffold-free coculture spheroid model of colonic adenocarcinoma cells (CACs and normal colonic fibroblasts (NCFs and to use the spheroids to investigate the role of NCFs in the tumorigenicity of CACs in nude mice. We analysed three-dimensional (3D scaffold-free coculture spheroids of CACs and NCFs. CAC Matrigel invasion assays and tumorigenicity assays in nude mice were performed to examine the effect of NCFs on CAC invasive behaviour and tumorigenicity in 3D spheroids. We investigated the expression pattern of fibroblast activation protein-α (FAP-α by immunohistochemical staining. CAC monocultures did not form densely-packed 3D spheroids, whereas cocultured CACs and NCFs formed 3D spheroids. The 3D coculture spheroids seeded on a Matrigel extracellular matrix showed higher CAC invasiveness compared to CACs alone or CACs and NCFs in suspension. 3D spheroids injected into nude mice generated more and faster-growing tumors compared to CACs alone or mixed suspensions consisting of CACs and NCFs. FAP-α was expressed in NCFs-CACs cocultures and xenograft tumors, whereas monocultures of NCFs or CACs were negative for FAP-α expression. Our findings provide evidence that the interaction between CACs and NCFs is essential for the tumorigenicity of cancer cells as well as for tumor propagation.

  14. Land Use Allocation Based on a Multi-Objective Artificial Immune Optimization Model: An Application in Anlu County, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoya Ma

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available As the main feature of land use planning, land use allocation (LUA optimization is an important means of creating a balance between the land-use supply and demand in a region and promoting the sustainable utilization of land resources. In essence, LUA optimization is a multi-objective optimization problem under the land use supply and demand constraints in a region. In order to obtain a better sustainable multi-objective LUA optimization solution, the present study proposes a LUA model based on the multi-objective artificial immune optimization algorithm (MOAIM-LUA model. The main achievements of the present study are as follows: (a the land-use supply and demand factors are analyzed and the constraint conditions of LUA optimization problems are constructed based on the analysis framework of the balance between the land use supply and demand; (b the optimization objectives of LUA optimization problems are defined and modeled using ecosystem service value theory and land rent and price theory; and (c a multi-objective optimization algorithm is designed for solving multi-objective LUA optimization problems based on the novel immune clonal algorithm (NICA. On the basis of the aforementioned achievements, MOAIM-LUA was applied to a real case study of land-use planning in Anlu County, China. Compared to the current land use situation in Anlu County, optimized LUA solutions offer improvements in the social and ecological objective areas. Compared to the existing models, such as the non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm-II, experimental results demonstrate that the model designed in the present study can obtain better non-dominated solution sets and is superior in terms of algorithm stability.

  15. Serum Gamma-glutamyltransferase Levels Predict the Progression of Coronary Artery Calcification in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gang, Li; Wei-Hua, Lu; Rong, Ai; Jian-Hong, Yang; Zi-Hua, Zhou; Zhong-Zhi, Tang

    2015-08-01

    Progression of coronary artery calcification (CAC) may be more predictive of future coronary heart disease events than a baseline CAC score. We determined whether serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) activity can independently predict the progression of CAC in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Patients (n = 326) without symptomatic cardiovascular (CV) disease were evaluated by CAC imaging. The CAC scores were assessed at baseline and after 20 ± 4 months. Serum GGT activities were significantly higher in progressors compared with nonprogressors (39 ± 16 vs. 27 ± 11 U/L, P < .001). Multivariable analyses demonstrated that GGT activity retained a strong association with CAC progression after adjustment for CV risk factors. Additionally, there was a graded association between GGT activity quartile and annualized CAC progression. In asymptomatic patients with T2DM, we prospectively found that serum GGT activity may be an independent predictor of CAC progression but not a predictor of CAC incidence.

  16. Gene : CBRC-HSAP-06-0026 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available % ref|NP_001005226.1| olfactory receptor, family 2, subfamily B, member 3 [Homo sapiens] sp|O76000|OR2B3_HUM...2.1| olfactory receptor, family 2, subfamily B, member 3 [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC20...462.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC20463.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC20464.1| o...lfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC20465.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC20466.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapie...ns] emb|CAC20467.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CA

  17. Gene : CBRC-PTRO-07-0019 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 97% ref|NP_001005226.1| olfactory receptor, family 2, subfamily B, member 3 [Homo sapiens] sp|O76000|OR2B3_H...782.1| olfactory receptor, family 2, subfamily B, member 3 [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC...20462.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC20463.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC20464.1|... olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC20465.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC20466.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapie...ns] emb|CAC20467.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|

  18. Occurrence of cavernicolous ground beetles in Anhui Province, eastern China (Coleoptera, Carabidae, Trechinae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jie Fang

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Two new species of anophthalmic ground beetles belonging to the subfamily Trechinae are described: Cimmeritodes (Zhecimmerites parvus Tian & Li, sp. n. and Wanoblemus wui Tian & Fang, gen. n., sp. n. Both were discovered in the limestone caves of Anhui Province in eastern China. C. (Z. parvus was found in caves Ziwei Dong, Xianren Dong and Qingtai Dong, whereas W. wui was discovered in cave Baiyun Dong. This is the first record of cavernicolous ground beetles in Anhui Province, eastern China.

  19. DongGuan SK Footwear :Green Development Creates Harmonious Manufactory%东莞SK制鞋厂:走绿色发展道路创造和谐企业

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑磊; 戴晓锋

    2006-01-01

    @@ 公司简介 东莞SK制鞋厂成立于1998年,现有员工580多人,工厂产品销往欧美.主要客户有英国的乌尔沃斯公司及美国的锐步公司和波罗公司等.每年生产约2百万双左右的童鞋,年产值约为人民币4千万元.

  20. 东莞市某学校1起水痘暴发疫情调查分析%Investigation on an outbreak on varicella in primary school of DongGuan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈丽芬

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand the epidemiologic features of chickenpox outbreak in a school, and provide scientific proofs for effective prevention and control of the disease. Method Using epidemiological methods to cany out epidemiology and clinical feature investigation and analyze. Results There were 24 cases which involving 6 classes of 4 grades, the attack rate was 3. 41 % , and all of the patients were students. The attack rate of first infected was different between the classes in the same floor and other floors'classes, and there was statistical significance (P <0. 05) . The attack rates of children who took school bus and not were different (P <0.05) . Under the control measures, the disease last for 18 days. Conclusions Close contact with infected children may be the risk factors of chickenpox outbreak. Schools should strengthen the communicable disease control work, strictly implement the infectious disease report system, morning checking and absence follow - up system, enhance contagion propaganda. At the same time, put chicken pox into notifiable disease management and put chickenpox vaccine into country planned immunity.%目的 为了解学校水痘暴发疫情的流行病学特征,对有效防控水痘提供科学依据.方法 应用流行病学方法对学校发病儿童进行流行病学和临床特征进行调查、分析.结果 本次水痘暴发疫情发病24例,涉及4个年级6个班,罹息率3.41%.患者均为学生.首发病例同楼层班级与其他楼层班级之间学童罹患率差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).坐校车学童和不坐校车学童之间罹患率差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).通过控制措施18d后,确认疫情终止.结论 患儿密切接触可能是本次水痘发病的危险因素.学校要加强传染病管理工作,严格执行疫情报告制度、晨检制度和因病缺勤随访制度,加强传染宣传工作.同时将水痘纳入法定传染病管理,水痘疫苗纳入国家计划免疫.

  1. 贵州侗族儿童青少年营养状况与发展趋势%Nutritional status and developing trajectory of Dong child and adolescent group in Guizhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季成叶; 张欣

    2014-01-01

    目的 分析贵州侗族青少年1985-2010年营养状况发展趋势,为探索西部少数民族儿童营养改善途径提供依据.方法 用WHO-2006筛查标准,对1985-2010年全国学生体质健康调研中7~18岁侗族中小学生数据进行分析.结果 2010年侗族7~18岁男、女生长迟缓率分别为26.8%和28.8%,消瘦率为7.7%和4.6%.生长迟缓率从1985至2000男生从59.8%下降至48.0%,女生从55.8%下降至41.6%.完全性的良性长期趋势为生长迟缓率下降提供支持;近10 a来下降趋势比以往更明显,男生身高增长以2001-2010年为主,13岁为突增高峰;女生身高增长以1985-1991年正向促进作用最强,12岁为突增高峰.结论 侗族儿童青少年正向促进营养因素为兄弟民族提供借鉴,负向消极因素则为该民族制定干预策略奠定科学基础.

  2. 东皋禅师的篆刻艺术及其在日本的影响%Seal Cutting Technique of Dong Gao, an Honourable Buddhist Monk and Its Influence on Japan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季琳

    2003-01-01

    在日本篆刻史上,东皋禅师的地位是无与伦比的,他使持续了相当长历史阶段的早期日本印坛的萧条冷落景象开始复苏,他凭借着自己在篆刻艺术上的造诣,揭开了日本篆刻的帷幕.本文论述了东皋禅师印风的出处、刀法的特点,及其对日本篆刻的重要影响.

  3. Mao Ze-Dong and Snow:Characters in the History%情中见人情中见史--看电影《毛泽东与斯诺》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭加瑾

    2001-01-01

    在建党80周年的喜庆日子里,我们高兴地看到了故事影片.这是一部构思巧妙、视角独特的影片,它不但形象、生动地重新演绎了毛泽东与斯诺的个人友情,而且在这两位杰出人物长达30多年的交往中,折射出了中国革命波澜壮阔的历史以及中美关系的发展史.在重大革命历史题材的电影创作中,从构思与视角而言,这是一个从未有过的例外.……

  4. 皮亚杰发生认识论与毛泽东实践认识论之比较%The Differences and Similarities between Piaget's Genetic Epistemology and MAO Ze-dong's Practical Epistemology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王锡伟

    2007-01-01

    皮亚杰发生认识论与毛泽东实践认识论各自具有鲜明的特色和丰富的内容,但从认识的产生、过程、能动性等方面都存在差异.毛泽东实践认识论更具生动性,也更有生命力.

  5. 家蚕新品种"华大3号"通过广东省审定%New silkworm race "HuaXia 3" passed identification of GuangDong province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林健荣

    2002-01-01

    @@ 由华南农业大学蚕丝科学系主持,与广东省丝绸(集团)公司合作选育的家蚕新品种"华大3号"(57限·芙蓉×782·湘晖),于2002年3月7日通过了广东省农作物品种审定委员会的审定.

  6. The Great Literary prize Full of Contradictions--A Brief Account of "MAO Dong Literary Prize" of All Previous Years%充满矛盾的文学大奖--历届"茅盾文学奖"论略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟正平

    2002-01-01

    被称为中国文学第一大奖的"茅盾文学奖",对20世纪末的20多年里长篇小说的繁荣发展产生了不可低估的影响.但若以历届"茅盾文学奖"的获奖作品来印证世纪末20多年里长篇小说的创作实绩,却是既不准确也不权威的.20多年来的五届评奖,引来文坛内外诸多微议,充满着矛盾和两难,是一个值得思考和研究的世纪末文学现象.

  7. 阻碍广东区域性足球联赛发展的问题与对策%Problems which hindered the development of regional football league in Guang-dong province and their solutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丘乐威; 许明浩; 龚建林

    2013-01-01

      广东省区域性足球联赛开展以来,引起了广泛的关注。在发展过程中,广东区域性足球联赛也暴露出一些问题,如联赛内部管理制度不够健全、依法办赛意识淡薄、联赛持续发展缺乏保障、俱乐部急功近利、后备人才匮乏等。这些问题阻碍了区域性足球联赛的健康发展。从监管体系、联赛运行机制、优化发展环境和构建区域性联赛体系等方面提出对策,以期推动广东区域性足球联赛的发展。%Since regional football league was developed in Guangdong province, it has caught extensive attention. In the process of development, regional football league in Guangdong revealed some problems as well, for example, the internal league management system was not sound enough, the consciousness to manage competitions according to law was weak, sustainable league development was lacking in assurance, the clubs were too eager for quick suc-cesses and instant benefits, there was a lack of backup talents etc. These problems have hindered the healthy devel-opment of regional football league. The authors put forward solutions in such aspects as supervision system, league running mechanism, development environment optimization and regional league system construction etc, hoping to boost the development of regional football league in Guangdong.

  8. Wise and Valiant Su Dong-po--On Su's Cultural Characteristics and Attitude Towards Life%亦智亦勇苏东坡--浅析苏东坡的文化性格和人生态度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋爱荣

    2004-01-01

    苏东坡其文其诗其词,丰富如海.自古而今,研究者众.而对其人,或褒其超旷洒脱,或贬其消极虚无,颇有争议.羡其胸中万卷,下笔无尘,慕其独立不倚,高蹈远赴.文章结合苏轼的人生经历和文学创作,对其文化性格和人生态度进行探讨.

  9. ANALYSIS OF THE PERFORMANCE EFFICIENCY OF SCC IN FIDELIS COUNTY OF SHAN-DONG%山东省FIDELIS项目县乡镇查痰点运营效率分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王忠东; 李曙光; 张妮; 李莉; 刘志敏

    2008-01-01

    [目的]了解山东省FIDELIS项目县乡镇查痰点工作的开展情况与运营效率,并针对提高工作水平提出政策建议.[方法]通过月度、季度报表收集相关数据,并采用专门的调查问卷调查查痰率、痰检阳性率等指标,而后对以上数据进行对比、对照分析.[结果]项目县乡镇查痰点总体上工作开展能力较差,运营效率较低;丘岭地区运营效率相对较高,平原次之,山区最差.[结论]乡镇查痰点的设置有待进一步的科学论证,卫生资源配置有待进一步优化.

  10. 毛泽东邓小平冲破教条主义的共性因素探究%On the Common Factors of MAO Ze-dong and DENG Xiao-ping Breaking through Dogmatism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨立红; 朱正业

    2006-01-01

    在中国共产党的历史上,几次出现教条主义的错误倾向.毛泽东、邓小平能够在不同时期冲破教条主义的束缚并非偶然,这与他们相似的个性因素是分不开的.其中,志向高远、信念坚定是潜在因素;立足实践、不迷信盲从是决定因素;敢作敢为、无私无畏是必要因素.

  11. Mao Ze-dong's Deliberation on Developing Science and Technology scince the Foundation of the PRC%建国后毛泽东对发展科学技术的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖赞

    2010-01-01

    建国后,毛泽东对如何在贫穷落后的社会主义中国实现科学技术现代化进行了理性思考和实践探索,提出必须打好科学技术这一仗的战略目标,重点倡导技术革命,推动生产力和经济发展,并开始积极探索具有中国特色的科技发展道路.

  12. The cause and treatment strategy of autologous fat transplantation complications ZHANG Yi,QIU Xiao-dong%自体脂肪移植术并发症产生原因和治疗策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张谊(综述); 邱晓东(审校)

    2016-01-01

    Autologous fat transplantation has a remarkable effect on the improvement of body concave deformity,local shaping and facial aging,but there is still a risk.Many complications, such as blindness,cerebral infarction and skin necrosis caused by blood clots,as well as calcifications,the calcification,oil cyst and infection caused by fat necrosis,ect. Which need to attract clinical attention.Now this paper will summarise the cause,prevention and treatment measures of antologous fat transplantation.%自体脂肪移植在改善身体凹陷畸形、局部塑形和面部衰老方面效果显著,但依然存在风险。诸多并发症如血管栓塞引发的失明、脑梗塞、皮肤坏死,脂肪坏死引起的钙化、油脂囊肿形成、感染等,这些并发症需要引起临床的高度重视。现将自体脂肪移植并发症成因、预防和处理措施做一总结。

  13. 山东泰安杜家庄木版年画的艺术特色%Artistic Characteristics of Woodblock New Year Pictures in Du Guzhuang Village, Tai'an City, Shan Dong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘芳

    2015-01-01

    New Year painting, as the name implies, is a style of painting post during the Spring Festival. With a long history, Woodblock New Year's painting initially originated in the folk, it is not only the "Years of culture" of the Chinese to pray for orientation, and also a kind of unique folk arts and crafts, a vision of art forms for a better future of the ordinary people. This article through the research of origin of Du Guzhuang village woodblock New Year pictures, try to analyze the form of characteristics: From its origin, subject content, artistic characteristic and several aspects to research the production process. In order to express its strong local characteristics and artistic value.%年画顾名思义,是过年时节张贴的一种绘画样式。木版年画最初起源于民间,历史悠久,不仅是中华民族祈福迎新的“年文化”代表,而且也是一种独特的民间工艺品,一种寄托广大老百姓对美好未来憧憬的艺术表现形式。本文通过对杜家庄木版年画的起源展开研究,尝试分析杜家庄木版年画的形式特征:分别从其起源、题材内容、艺术特色和工艺制作几方面进行了相关研究,表现其浓厚的地域特色和艺术价值。

  14. 贝叶斯博弈多目标进化算法及其收敛性分析%CHEN Dong, et al Multi-objective evolutionary algorithm based on Bayesian game strat- egy and its convergence property

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李智勇; 胡杰琼; 陈冬; 李仁发

    2015-01-01

    多目标进化算法(MOEAs)主要依靠非支配解排序推动种群搜索Pareto前沿,在种群迭代搜索前期具有较好的全局寻优性能,但进化后期易出现收敛停滞现象,影响算法对于复杂优化问题的全局寻优能力。由此提出了一种基于静态贝叶斯博弈策略的多目标进化算法(SBG-MOEA),将每个优化目标模拟为一个博弈参与者,以多次迭代中优化目标Pareto优化收敛程度映射为博弈收益,通过损益纳什均衡博弈机制驱动种群的Pareto寻优,理论分析证明了该方法具有全局收敛特性。基准测试函数的优化实验表明,与NSGA-II等经典算法相比,贝叶斯博弈策略有助于增强进化种群全局搜索能力。%Nowadays most of traditional Multi-Objective Evolutionary Algorithms(MOEAs)search global Pareto front based on the non-dominant sorting method. By this way evolutionary populations can get high convergence performance in the early iterative stage, however there maybe exists convergence stagnation for complex problems in the late iterative stage, which cuts off the global optimization ability. To address this problem a method based on Static Bayesian Game strategy Multi-Objective Evolutionary Algorithm(SBG-MOEA)is proposed. Each optimization object is emulated as one game participant and their convergence performances to Pareto solution set are mapped to the game incomes in the algo-rithm. The profit and loss Nash equilibrium game mechanism is applied to drive the evolutionary population chasing the Pareto front. Theoretical analysis proves that the approach can converge to the global Pareto optimal set. Compared with the classic multi-objective evolutionary algorithms, such as NAGAII, the simulation optimization results show that Bayesian game strategy can enhance the global optimal searching ability of MOEAs.

  15. The Research on the Core Value of the Dong Customary Law Under the Horizon of Peace Cultura%和平文化视域下侗族习惯法的核心价值研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何其鑫; 杨音南

    2015-01-01

    和平文化一般是指以和平思想为核心或价值取向,以理论阐释、研究探索、引导提倡、广泛传播、努力实施与积极奉行和平理念为主题的文化表现形式、文化发展状态和文化内涵特征等.侗族习惯法作为我国民族传统文化中的一个组成部分,必然受中国传统和平文化思想的影响.因此,从侗族习惯法的成因入手,从习惯法包涵的民主平等、依规办事及宽容互助等方面探讨了人与人、人与自然、人与社会和谐相处的和平理念,从而揭示出追求人与人和谐相处以及社会地区和平发展是侗族习惯法的核心价值目标.

  16. 玉华洞风景名胜区旅游资源信息系统设计%The Design of Tourism Geographical Information System of YuHuaDong Scenic Spot

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕淑华

    2005-01-01

    本文所介绍的系统是在强大的GIS软件支持下,结合其他图像软件,设计开发而得.该系统不仅具有管理数据、查询统计、资源评价、制图输出等功能,并且可以在网络上发布,用户可在网上查看地图信息.

  17. 基于遥感影像的大郑东新区景观格局现状分析%A Landscape Pattern Analysis of ZhengDong New Area under the Information of Remote Sensing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯峰; 马蓓蓓; 杨燕丽; 益建芳

    2011-01-01

    By using ENVI 4.5 and Fragstats 3.3 and with the support of social economic data and autoptical result in the past few years, from the specific landscape ecological space, this paper deeply analyzes the temporal - spatial development pattern of the landscape ecological structure in the target area and extracts the landscape ecology elements which perform a valid role in regulation and control on steady operation of landscape performance. The results can be utilized in urban development planning and ecological construction. The major data source are the present land utilization map and SPOT5 10 - meter - resolution multi - spectral remote sensing image of Mar. 5,2009.%研究基于RS和GIS技术,以研究区的土地利用现状图和2009年3月5号SPOT 5卫星的10 m多光谱遥感影像数据为主要数据源,结合研究区近年来的社会经济资料和实地调查记录,在深入分析研究区景观生态格局时空演变特征的基础上,以ENVI4. 5和Fragstats 3. 3软件作为支持工具,从具体的景观生态空间,提取能够有效控制和调控区域景观功能稳定运行的景观组分,来指导城市发展规划和生态建设.

  18. Geo-authentic Medicinal in Shan Dong- Flos lonicera's Quality Inspect%山东省道地药材金银花的质量控制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙庆雷; 林云良; 王晓; 李福伟; 耿岩玲

    2005-01-01

    利用高效液相色谱和核磁共振波谱仪测定了金银花提取物的HPLC和1HNMR图谱,对金银花提取物的HPLC图谱进行了比较,结果表明金银花提取物的HPLC指纹图谱有很好的相似性;对金银花提取物的1HNMR指纹图谱研究表明,金银花含有其主要有效成分绿原酸的特征峰,同时金银花提取物的1HNMR指纹图谱也有很好的相似性,并具有很好的重现性和高度的特征性.金银花提取物的HPLC和1HNMR指纹图谱可以作为金银花鉴定的相对标准图谱和数据,作为金银花质量鉴别的依据.

  19. 專論/臺灣地區的世界文學翻譯作品:書目計量分析/蔡明月、董慧茹(Ming-Yueh Tsay; Huei-Ru Dong

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    蔡明月、董慧茹 Ming-Yueh Tsay; Huei-Ru Dong

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available 翻譯是一個通過語言代碼或文字符號的轉換來傳遞訊息的過程。文學翻譯是一種藝術,涉及兩個民族的審美觀點和意識。探討臺灣近代翻譯文學可認識近代中西文化交流的結果,進而瞭解其對臺灣文學、文化與社會的影響。本研究採用書目計量學研究方法,旨在探討1950至2008 年間,臺灣地區世界文學作品翻譯成中文作品的概況,透過全國圖書書目資訊網(NBINet)蒐集書目資料,進一步觀察不同地區與國家的作品被翻譯成中文的情形,接著再以「書目單位」、「包含重印本」、「不含重印本及新版」三種計算方式,進行洛卡定律、普萊斯平方根定律及80/20 定律等三大學術生產力定律,加以驗證翻譯文學作者與翻譯者之生產力分布,以作為未來相關研究參考之用。研究結果歸納如下:一、臺灣地區世界文學翻譯作品概況為:(1翻譯文學的作品國別集中在英、美,其次為法、德、俄;(2歷年來翻譯文學作品呈現穩定成長;(3翻譯文學出版量集中在21 所出版社;(4被翻譯最多的文學作品、作者、與最多產的翻譯者皆集中在英國、美國、法國、德國及俄國;(5翻譯文學各分區分佈情形大不相同。二、世界文學翻譯作品生產力定律驗證情形為:(1被翻譯作者生產力及翻譯者生產力與洛卡定律均不相符;(2書目單位計算的低生產力作者比例與洛卡定律最為相近;(3不含重印本計算的低生產力翻譯者與洛卡定律最為相近;(4翻譯文學作者與翻譯者的生產力與普萊斯平方根定律驗證及80/20 定律驗證均不相符。 Translation is a process to communication by languages or signs. Literature translation is an art, which shows the appreciation of the beauty and sense for two different nationalities. The modern literature translation is not only the result of cultural exchange but also the way for cultural exchange. The main purpose of this study is to explore the world translated literature in Taiwan from 1950 to 2008 based on the theoretical perspectives of the bibliometrics. Three ways are used to compile statistics, including “bibliographic units”, “copies”, and “works”. The productivity distribution of authors and translators for translated works in Taiwan are examined by the Lotka, Price and 80/20 Laws. A total of 32159 bibliographic records are retrieved from the NBINet (National Bibliographic Information Network databases. The results of this study about world translated literature in Taiwan are as follows: (1 The original translated literatures are mostly concentrated in England, USA, France, German, and Russia. (2 The overall growth of the world translated literature in Taiwan is in a vigorously up-growing trend. (3 The publishing of the world translated literature in Taiwan is concentrated in 21 publishers. (4 Most translated literatures, authors, and translators are mainly concentrated in England, USA, France, German, and Russia. (5 The distribution in every country is not the same. Furthermore, the examinations of world translated literature in Taiwan are: (1 The author and translator distribution of this study does not confirm with the Lotka’s law. (2 The percentage of low production authors counted by bibliographic units is similar to Lotka’s Law. (3 The percentage of low production translators counted by works is similar to Lotka’s Law. (4 Price’s Square Root Law and 80/20 Law are found inapplicable to the distribution of authors’ and translators’ productivity. 頁次:34-53

  20. A Study on "Picture in Ci" in DONG Yi-ning's Erotic Ci%董以宁艳情词之“词中有画”论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张传传

    2013-01-01

    诗词本一家,词论也可借鉴诗论,因而“词中有画”的观点亦可成立.“词中有画”指读者在品读词的过程中,通过联想可以在脑海中显现出词作所表现的画面,让人有“着壁成绘”的冲动和可能性.董以宁艳情词中构造了大量“仕女画”,词中呈现出绘画美的创作风格.

  1. 论毛泽东对马克思主义战争目的论的继承发展%On Mao Ze-dong's Inheritance and Development of Marx's War Aims Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玉宏

    2013-01-01

      马克思、恩格斯揭示了革命战争的进步目的、掠夺性战争的反动目的、统治阶级借助战争转嫁危机的险恶目的。列宁高度关注战争的政治目的,区分了正义战争与非正义战争的不同目的。斯大林指出第二次世界大战具有“捍卫民族生存”的正义目的,正义战争目的对于士兵的道德有激励作用。毛泽东特别注重战争的政治目的,剖析了革命战争及帝国主义战争的政治目的,揭示了战争的军事目的,探究了战争的军事目的与政治目的的相互关系,阐明了战争的终极目的。%Marx ,Engels revealed the revolutionary war progress objective ,predatory war by means of war ,the reactionary ruling class to shift the crisis the sinister purpose .Lenin paid close attention to the political aim of war and distinguished different objective just wars and unjust wars .Stalin pointed out that the Second World War implicated “to defend the nation with justice” and the just war objective has incentive effect on the soldiers moral .Mao Zedong paid special attention to the political aim of war , analyzed the revolutionary war and the imperialist war and political purpose and revealed the war military objective , to explore the relationship between the military and political purpose of the war and the ultimate objective of war .

  2. Comprehensive Evaluation on Heavy Metal Pollution in Soil of Dabizhuang in Dongli District of Tianjin%天津东丽区大毕庄土壤重金属污染综合评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄静宜; 许虹; 刘思宇

    2011-01-01

    [目的]测定天津市东丽区大毕庄土壤重金属含量,并对重金属污染状况进行综合评价.[方法]研究大毕庄工厂污染区、污灌区和背景对比区8种污染元素(Cd、Hg、As、Pb、Cr、Cu、Zn、Ni)的含量,对重金属含量与采样点的关系进行分析,并对重金属污染状况进行总体评价.[结果]重金属在土壤中已有一定程度的积累,普遍超过当地背景值.工厂污染区污染最严重,有6种元素超标,综合评价为严重污染,污灌区有4种元素超标,综合评价为重污染,远离污染源的背景区全部达标,未被污染.[结论]大毕庄主要污染源为工厂粉尘和污水灌溉,并已对农田造成较严重的污染,为大毕庄土地规划和整治提供科学依据.%[Objective] The. Aim is to delect the heavy metals content in the soil of Dabizhuang and evaluate its pollution. [ Method ] The contents of Cd, Hg, As, Pb, Cr, Cu, Zn and Ni in factory pollution area, sewage water irrigation area and background area were investigated, whose relationship with the sample area was analyzed subsequently. At last, the metal pollution in Dabizhuang was evaluated comprehensively. [Result] The heavy metals in soil have accumulated to a certain extent exceeding the background values. The factory pollution area is most seriously polluted , with six kinds of heavy metals' contents over the national standard; the sewage water irrigation area is also heavily polluted with four kinds of heavy metals over the standard. The background areas have not been polluted. [ Conclusion ] This research shows that the factory dust and wastewater irrigation is the main sources of pollution, which has already caused serious farmland pollution. This study provides a feasible scientific basis for later land planning and land reclamation for Dabizhuang.

  3. Assessment of Public Health Emergency Preparedness and Response Capacity Evaluation System of GuangDong%广东省突发公共卫生事件应急体系的初步评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许斌; 张晋昕; 王金平

    2009-01-01

    目的:对广东省突发公共卫生事件应急体系情况进行预调查,对广东省突发公共卫生事件应急能力进行初步评价.方法:用对所选的市卫生局、疾病预防控制中心、中心医院进行访谈式调查,用Excel软件建立数据库,根据专家权重赋分表对各级指标按权重进行赋分,并对数据用进行统计分析.结果:广东省应急能力总得分为64.42±2.93; 各城市应急能力总体得分为62~69, 城市应急能力排序为:珠海>揭阳>韶关>云浮>广州;各卫生机构应急能力总体得分为61~67,卫生局最高,医院最低. 结论:广东省卫生机构突发公共卫生事件应急机制已初步建立,在全社会参与情况、抑制引发新危机的能力、保险业扶持与发展情况方面的工作有待加强.

  4. Cytogenetic study of mantle cell lymphoma* WANG Dong-mei, FAN Lei, FANG Cheng,%18例套细胞淋巴瘤的细胞遗传学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王冬梅; 徐卫; 李建勇; 范磊; 方成; 朱丹霞; 董华洁; 杨慧; 仇海荣; 洪鸣; 乔纯

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the cytogenetic features of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL).Methods Bone marrow cells from 18 MCL patients with bone marrow invasion were cultured for 24 hours, then routine karyotype analysis was performed with R-banding technique. Interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and a panel of 5 probes, including CCND1/IgH, CEP12, D13S319, p53 gene and ATM gene, were used to investigate the cytogenetic features of the samples.Results Chromosome aberrations were found in 9 (64.3%, 9/14) patients by conventional cytogenetics (CC), 8(57.1%, 8/14) patients had the aberration of t(11;14), 6(42.9%, 6/14) had complex aberrant karyotypes, of which 2 (14.3%, 2/14) had highly complex aberrant karyotypes. A total of 28 abnormalities were detected, among them 19 (67.9%) were structural abnormalities, the other 9 (32.1%) were numerical aberrations. The aberration of t(11;14) was found in all 18 (100%) patients with MCL by FISH. Secondary cytogenetic aberrations were detected in 14 patients by FISH. The most common abnormality was del(11q22.3) (57.1%), the rate of aberrations for del(17p13), +12 and del(13q14) were 42.9%, 35.7% and 21.4%, respectively. Two (14.3%) and 4 (28.6%) patients were detected to have combinations of 2 and 3 aberrations.Conclusion In addition to t(11;14), most MCL patients have other chromosome aberrations, especially complex aberrant karyotype.%目的 探讨套细胞淋巴瘤(mantle cell lymphoma,MCL)的细胞遗传学特征.方法 对18例有骨髓侵犯的MCL患者的骨髓细胞进行24 h培养,常规收获制备染色体并进行R显带常规细胞遗传学(conventional cytogenetics,CC)分析;采用荧光原位杂交技术(fluorescence in situ hybridization,FISH)和 CCND1/IgH、CEP 12、D13S319、p53基因、ATM基因探针,对其进行主要及次要细胞遗传学研究,探讨MCL的细胞遗传学特征.结果 CC共检出9例(64.3%,9/14))患者具有染色体核型异常,8例(57.1%,8/14)有t(11;14)(q13;q32)易位;6例(42.9%,6/14)具有复杂核型异常,其中包括2例(14.3%,2/14)高度复杂核型异常.CC共检出28种染色体异常,其中结构异常19种(67.9%),数目异常9种(32.1%).经FISH检测发现18例(100%)患者均具有t(11;14)异常.14例患者进行了次要细胞遗传学异常检测,结果显示8例(57.1%,8/14)具有del(11q22.3)异常,6例(42.9%,6/14)具有del(17p13)异常,5例(35.7%,5/14)具有+12异常,3例(21.4%,3/14)具有del(13q14)异常;FISH检测出合并2种异常的有2例(14.3%,2/14),3种异常的有4例(28.6%,4/14).结论 MCL除具有t(11;14)异常以外,大多数MCL还具有其他染色体异常,尤以复杂核型异常多见.

  5. 对促进东安电网健康有序发展的几点思考%Several Considerations on Promoting the Healthy and Orderly Development of Dong'an Grid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦恩德

    2005-01-01

    本文对东安电网所起的作用和现阶段发展中存在的困难进行了简要的阐述和分析,并立足具体情况提出了一些措施与建议,目的是更好地服务县域经济,实现经济和社会效益的双赢.

  6. Sutdy on Edible Spice Plant Used by Dong People in Qiandongnan Prefecture Guizhou Province%贵州黔东南侗族食用香料植物资源利用调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕世勇; 袁涓文; 俞筱押; 李明川; 唐澜兮

    2015-01-01

    食用香料植物具有无污染、无残毒的特点,同时有防腐抑菌、抗氧化和药疗的作用.采用实地考察、标本采集、分类鉴定、资料考证和文献检索整理相结合的方法对黔东南黎平县登岑侗寨食用香料植物进行调查,以摸清侗族食用香料植物资源状况,为其合理开发和可持续利用提供参考.结果表明:当地食用香料植物有12科26属29种,其中唇形科(Lamiaceae)6种、伞形科(Umbelliferae)5种、姜科(Zingiberaceae)4种;从植物形态看,草本占绝对优势,共22种;食用部位以叶子、果实、全草、根、茎皮、花为主的植物,分别有12种(41.4%)、5种(17.2%)、5种(17.2%)、4种(13.8%)、4种(13.8%)、2种(6.9%);烹饪方式以火锅和炒食为主;从采集方式看,来源于野生环境的有18种,占总数的62.1%.

  7. The Technique and Ethnobotanical Research on the Making of Dong Cloth in Zhaoxing,Guizhou Province%贵州肇兴侗布制作工艺及民族植物学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘光华; 佘朝文; 李爱民; 石诗博; 刘阳

    2011-01-01

    侗族人民千百年来,一直从事侗布的制作.我们对贵州肇兴的侗布制作进行了民族植物学研究,发现侗布的制作工艺繁杂,不同的人所用的植物有所差异,侗布制作共涉及植物17种,分属13科17属.有些侗布用植物属首次报道.

  8. 渤海湾盆地青东凹陷古近系烃源岩生烃潜力分析%Analysis of eogene carbonate in Shahejie formation in Qing dong sag,Bohai bay basin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王勇; 杨萍

    2011-01-01

    Based on the analyses of such parameters as total organic carbon,S1+S2,IH, Tmax,Ro and the like,organic abundance,organic types and organic maturity of Eogene hydrocarbon source rock in Qingdong Sag have been studied.Sha3,Sha4 produced good-better hydrocarbon source rock.The types of hydrocarbon source rock of Dongyin formation, Sha1,sha2 mainly comprises typeⅢand typeⅡ,while Sha3,sha4 mainly comprise typeⅠand typeⅡ1.The carbonate source rock of Sha3,Sha4 has stepped into low-mature to mature phases,fairly capable of producing hydrocarbon.%通过分析已有样品的有机碳含量、生烃潜量、氢指数、最大热解温度及镜质体反射率Ro等参数,对青东凹陷古近系烃源岩有机质丰度、有机质类型和有机质成熟度进行研究。该区沙三段、沙四段为好-非常好的烃源岩,东营组、沙一段、沙二段烃源岩类型以腐殖型(Ⅲ型)和混合型(Ⅱ型)为主,而沙三段、沙四段烃源岩类型主要为腐泥型(Ⅰ型)和混合型(Ⅱ1型)。沙三段、沙四段烃源岩,已进入低熟-成熟期,具有较强的生烃能力。

  9. 东深供水改造工程旗岭渡槽施工测量%Construction survey of Qi-ling aqueduct in the retrofit of Dong-shen water supply work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡锐武; 张小平

    2004-01-01

    本文通过东深供水改造工程旗岭渡槽施工测量工作,重点讨论旗岭渡槽施工控制网的建立、施工放样方法及施工过程中建筑物的变形观测,并对其精度进行分析,以期对从事本行业的人员有所借鉴.

  10. On Soured Foods, the inseparable Part of the Dong Ethnic life and Their Ethnic Identity——A Discussion of the Reasons for Sichuanese Addiction to Piquancy%"侗不离酸"与侗家的民族认同

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐杰舜; 张泽忠

    2011-01-01

    侗族嗜酸,侗酸种类繁多,醇香可口,有荤酸、素酸、腌酸、煮酸等等.侗族谈情说爱不离酸,婚俗不离酸,育俗不离酸,丧俗不离酸,"月也"待客不离酸,建房不离酸,于是嗜酸也就成了区分侗族与其他民族的一个边界,从而赋予"侗不离酸"具有民族认同的功能.

  11. 复方麦冬丸对喉慢性炎症性疾病的临床疗效观察%Therapeutic Effect of FuFangMaiDong Pill on Laryngic Chronic Inflammatory Disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵博; 陈超; 饶娅琦

    2006-01-01

    目的 观察复方麦冬丸(FFM)对喉慢性炎症性疾病的临床疗效.方法 对180例慢性喉炎、声带小结、早期声带息肉、声带息肉术后嗓音恢复病人使用 FFM治疗.结果 55例慢性喉炎有效率92.72%,75例声带小结有效率92%,30例早期声带息肉有效率90%,20例声带息肉术后有效率100%.结论 FFM对喉慢性炎症性疾病有较好的临床疗效.

  12. 谈董从民油画风景写生的艺术语言特征%A Discussion on Artistic Linguistic Features of Dong Cong-min's Oil Painting Landscape Sketches

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丹; 全玲

    2014-01-01

    以董从民油画风景写生为对象,分析其油画风景作品的艺术特征,并从构图、笔触、色彩等方面探讨他的绘画形式与语言,进而结合他的精神诉求,阐述他的创作观念与社会价值,旨在从绘画语言的角度探讨董从民油画风景写生的艺术表现力.

  13. Dong Effect of platycodin on the zebrafish cardiovascular function and development%桔梗皂苷对斑马鱼心功能及胚胎发育的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董永新; 王跃祥; 钱林溪; 蒋璆; 刘学飞; 宋后燕

    2006-01-01

    目的 探索桔梗总苷对斑马鱼心律及胚胎发育的影响.方法 从中药饮片提取桔梗总苷,用不同浓度的桔梗总苷对不同发育阶段的斑马鱼胚胎进行处理,观察该药对斑马鱼心律及心脏发育的影响.结果 桔梗总苷处理后发现,斑马鱼心率减缓但未出现心律失常;心脏功能相关的离子通道基因表达水平略有降低;高浓度(10mg·L-1)的桔梗总苷处理导致斑马鱼胚胎的死亡与畸形的比例显著增加,同时干扰了斑马鱼胚胎的发育过程.结论 桔梗不能引起心律失常,但高浓度用药导致心率迟缓、心功能下降以及致畸致死效应.

  14. 认真学习江泽民人才思想加快广东人力资源开发%To study seriously Jiang Zemin's thought about personnel and quicken the exploitation of Guang dong's personnel resources

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李廷家

    2003-01-01

    @@ 江泽民人才思想是对邓小平人才理论的丰富和发展.认真学习、研究江泽民人才思想,了解其产生的深刻的历史背景和社会基础,以及对邓小平人才理论的创新内容,对指导广东人才资源开发,有着重要的理论意义和实践意义.

  15. PUBLIC KEY INFRASTRUCTURE (PKI)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — Common Access Card (CAC) Enterprise Testing Overview: Established in 2003 Performs test and evaluations of the DOD PKI CAC issuance systems from an enterprise level...

  16. Genome-Wide Association Study for Coronary Artery Calcification With Follow-Up in Myocardial Infarction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    O'Donnell, Christopher J.; Kavousi, Maryam; Smith, Albert V.; Kardia, Sharon L. R.; Feitosa, Mary F.; Hwang, Shih-Jen; Sun, Yan V.; Province, Michael A.; Aspelund, Thor; Dehghan, Abbas; Hoffmann, Udo; Bielak, Lawrence F.; Zhang, Qunyuan; Eiriksdottir, Gudny; van Duijn, Cornelia M.; Fox, Caroline S.; de Andrade, Mariza; Kraja, Aldi T.; Sigurdsson, Sigurdur; Elias-Smale, Suzette E.; Murabito, Joanne M.; Launer, Lenore J.; van der Lugt, Aad; Kathiresan, Sekar; Krestin, Gabriel P.; Herrington, David M.; Howard, Timothy D.; Liu, Yongmei; Post, Wendy S.; Mitchell, Braxton D.; O'Connell, Jeffrey R.; Shen, Haiqing; Shuldiner, Alan R.; Altshuler, David; Elosua, Roberto; Salomaa, Veikko; Schwartz, Stephen M.; Siscovick, David S.; Voight, Benjamin F.; Bis, Joshua C.; Glazer, Nicole L.; Psaty, Bruce M.; Boerwinkle, Eric; Heiss, Gerardo; Blankenberg, Stefan; Zeller, Tanja; Wild, Philipp S.; Schnabel, Renate B.; Schillert, Arne; Ziegler, Andreas; Muenzel, Thomas; White, Charles C.; Rotter, Jerome I.; Nalls, Michael; Oudkerk, Matthijs; Johnson, Andrew D.; Newman, Anne B.; Uitterlinden, Andre G.; Massaro, Joseph M.; Cunningham, Julie; Harris, Tamara B.; Hofman, Albert; Peyser, Patricia A.; Borecki, Ingrid B.; Cupples, L. Adrienne; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Witteman, Jacqueline C. M.

    2011-01-01

    Background-Coronary artery calcification (CAC) detected by computed tomography is a noninvasive measure of coronary atherosclerosis, which underlies most cases of myocardial infarction (MI). We sought to identify common genetic variants associated with CAC and further investigate their associations

  17. Prevalence of carotid artery calcifications detected on panoramic radiographs and confirmed by Doppler ultrasonography: Their relationship with systemic conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thalita Queiroz Abreu

    2015-01-01

    Conclusions: CACs can be detected in PRJs, and are more frequent in common carotid arteries. No significant associations were detected between the presence of unilateral or bilateral CAC in PRJ and hypertension, diabetes, or obesity.

  18. Coronary artery calcium scores and cardiovascular risk factors in 31,545 asymptomatic Korean adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jang, Shin Yi; Kim, Sung Mok; Sung, Jidong; Cho, Soo Jin; Choe, Yeon Hyeon

    2016-06-01

    The aims of this study were to identify the distribution of coronary artery calcium score (CACS) by age group and cardiovascular (CV) risk factors and to evaluate the association between CV risk factors and CACS classification in asymptomatic adults. The study included 31,545 asymptomatic Koreans, over 20 years of age with no previous history of malignancy, proven coronary artery disease, or stroke, who underwent CACS computed tomography at the Health Promotion Center, Samsung Medical Center, between January 2005 and June 2013. Mean (±SD) age was 53.8 (±8.5) years overall, 56.1 (±8.3) in men, and 53.3 (±8.5) in women. They were classified into five groups based on their resting CACS: none (CAC = 0), minimal (0  CAC). Older age groups exhibited higher CACS values. The proportion of CACS classification in our study was 55.5 % with no CACS, 9.5 % with minimal CACS, 19.8 % with mild CACS, 10.8 % with moderate CACS, and 4.3 % with extensive CACS. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) were calculated for CV risk factors to determine their association with CACS. When analyzed according to sex, in males, the adjusted OR for CACS increased with the presence of hypertension (HT), diabetes mellitus (DM), obesity, chronic kidney disease, and smoking status. While, in females, the adjusted OR for CACS increased with the presence of HT, DM, and obesity. CV risk factors appear to be significantly associated with CACS in the Korean population. PMID:27119164

  19. Exon: CBRC-HSAP-11-0005 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-HSAP-11-0005 ATGGCAACACCCTCCTCTAGCACACAGACCAGTGGTACTcccccatcactgaccaccacggccactacgatcacggccaccggctcca...ccaccaacccctcctcaactccagggacaacacctatccccccagtgctgaccaccaccgccaccacacctgcagccaccagcag...cacAGTGACTCCCTCCTCTGCCCTAGGGACCACCCACACACCCCCAGTGCCGAACACCACGGCCACCACACACGGGCGATCCCTGTCCCCCAGCAGTCCCCACACGGTGCGCACAGCCTGGACTTCGGCCA...CCTCAGGCACCTTGGGCACCACCCACATCACAGAGCCTTCCACGGGGACTTCCCACACCCCAGCAGCAACCACCGGTACCA...CCCAGCACTCGACTCCAGCCCTGTCCAGCCCTCACCCTAGCAGCAGGACCACCGAGTCACCCCCTTCTCCAGGGACGACCACCCCGGGCCACACCAGGGCCACCTCCA

  20. AOM/DSS Model of Colitis-Associated Cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parang, Bobak; Barrett, Caitlyn W; Williams, Christopher S

    2016-01-01

    Our understanding of colitis-associated carcinoma (CAC) has benefited substantially from mouse models that faithfully recapitulate human CAC. Chemical models, in particular, have enabled fast and efficient analysis of genetic and environmental modulators of CAC without the added requirement of time-intensive genetic crossings. Here we describe the Azoxymethane (AOM)/Dextran Sodium Sulfate (DSS) mouse model of inflammatory colorectal cancer.

  1. Automatic coronary calcium scoring in cardiac CT angiography using convolutional neural networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wolterink, Jelmer M.; Leiner, Tim; Viergever, Max A.; Isgum, I

    2015-01-01

    The amount of coronary artery calcification (CAC) is a strong and independent predictor of cardiovascular events. Non-contrast enhanced cardiac CT is considered a reference for quantification of CAC. Recently, it has been shown that CAC may be quantified in cardiac CT angiography (CCTA). We present

  2. Mechanisms of oxygen reduction reactions for carbon alloy catalysts via first principles molecular dynamics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Carbon alloy catalysts (CACs) are one of promising candidates for platinum-substitute cathode catalysts for polymer electrolyte fuel cells. We have investigated possible mechanisms of oxygen reduction reactions (ORRs) for CACs via first-principles-based molecular dynamics simulations. In this contribution, we review possible ORRs at likely catalytic sites of CACs suggested from our simulations. (author)

  3. Peran Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia ( Walhi ) Dalam Upaya Pencetusan Kebijakan Moratorium Logging Terhadap Hutan Indonesia ( Studi Pada LSM WALHI-Sumatera Utara ).

    OpenAIRE

    Irfani, Andri

    2011-01-01

    Hutan memiliki fungsi dan manfaat yang sangat besar bagi kehidupan manusia. Beberapa diantara yaitu sebagai plasma nuftah, sebagai habitat flora dan fauna, mengatur tata air dan sebagainya. Indonesia dikenal memiliki hutan yang cukup luas, bahkan merupakan hutan yang terluas ketiga didunia setelah Brazil dan Zaire. Pada tahun 1950 Departemen Kehutanan RI mempublikasikan luas hutan Indonesia adalah 162,0 juta hektar. Masyarakat Indonesia memiliki ketergantungan yang sangat besar terhadap hutan...

  4. Analisis Komparasi Pendapatan Petani Sistem Tanam SRI (System of Rice Intensification) Dengan Petani Sistem Tanaman Legowo (Studi Kasus: Desa Pematang Setrak, Kecamatan Teluk Mengkudu Kabupaten Serdang Bedagai)

    OpenAIRE

    Pohan, Fanani Rizki

    2014-01-01

    Penelitian bertujuan untuk (1) Untuk menganalisis apakah faktor-faktor luas lahan, biaya produksi dan harga gabah pada sistem tanam SRI berpengaruh terhadap pendapatan petani di daerah penelitian (2) Untuk menganalisis apakah faktor-faktor luas lahan, biaya produksi dan harga gabah pada sistem tanam Legowo berpengaruh terhadap pendapatan petani di daerah penelitian (3) Untuk menganalisis komparasi produksi sistem tanam SRI dan sistem tanam Legowo di daerah penelitian (4) Untuk menganalisis ko...

  5. The Practice of Research of a Basic Education Teacher Involving Mental Models of the Phases of the Moon and Eclipses. (Spanish Title: La Práctica de Investigación de un Maestro de Educación BÁsica con El Uso de los Modelos Mentales de Las Fases de la Luna Y Eclipses.) A Prática de Pesquisa de um Professor do Ensino Fundamental Envolvendo Modelos Mentais de Fases da Lua e Eclipses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pessôa Queiroz, Glória; Jubitipan Borges de Sousa, Carlos; Auxiliadora Delgado Machado, Maria

    2009-12-01

    The inclusion of basic education teachers in the survey domain is a controversial issue and fully debated in the academy. The opportunity for a collective work that incorporated school teachers from a public school to a university's group of physics teaching at university allowed us to glimpse the redefinition of the function of a science teacher (a coauthor of this paper) by himself, such that now he includes research on the knowledge construction by students in his teacher practice. The formation of inter-institutional groups for action planning and research in these areas has proved productive for the task of knowledge construction to support educational processes in school, while the university enriches its collection of experiences critically validated, and can consider the results in teachers initial and continued education. The active participation of the teacher in a research group at the university led him to reflect on the possible didactical ways to be described, analyzed and communicated to other teachers. The construction of a pedagogy that took into account the mental models of students on the basic topics of astronomy, and the changes developed resulting from the lessons taught, led to far-reaching consequences on the pedagogy adopted by the teacher, who incorporates now a new vision of science and alternative forms to dialogue with students, essential components for a researcher in Science Education. La inclusión de los maestros de la escuela básica en el universo de la investigación es polémica y está en amplio debate en el mundo académico. La oportunidad de trabajo colectivo de los maestros de una escuela pública en Río de Janeiro con un grupo universitario de enseñanza de la física nos ha permitido vislumbrar la redefinición de la función de un maestro de ciencias (uno de los coautores de este documento) por él mismo, ahora para incluir la investigación sobre la construcción del conocimiento por los alumnos en su práctica como docente. La formación de grupos interinstitucionales para la planificación de la acción y la investigación ha resultado productiva para el trabajo de construcción de conocimiento de apoyo a los procesos educativos en la escuela, mientras que la universidad enriquece su colección de experiencias validadas, considerando los resultados de la educación inicial y continua de maestros. La participación activa del maestro en un grupo de investigación en la universidad lo llevó a reflexiones sobre los posibles caminos didácticos que pueden ser descriptos, analizados y comunicados a los demás docentes. La construcción de una pedagogía propia, que tuvo en cuenta los modelos mentales de los estudiantes sobre los temas básicos de astronomía, y los cambios desarrollados a partir de las lecciones que enseñó, trajeron consecuencias de largo alcance sobre la pedagogía adoptada por el maestro, que ahora incorpora una nueva visión de la ciencia y formas alternativas al diálogo con los estudiantes, los componentes esenciales para un investigador en Educaciónen Ciencias. A inclusão do professor da escola básica no universo da pesquisa é questão controvertida e em pleno debate no meio acadêmico. A oportunidade de trabalho coletivo que incorporou professores de uma escola municipal no Rio de Janeiro a um grupo de ensino de Física da universidade nos possibilitou vislumbrar a ressignificação da função de um professor de Ciências (co-autor deste trabalho) por ele próprio, agora passando a incluir a pesquisa sobre a construção de conhecimento pelos alunos em sua prática como docente. A formação de grupos interinstitucionais para o planejamento de ações e de pesquisas tem-se mostrado produtiva para um trabalho de construção de conhecimentos a fim de subsidiar processos educativos na escola, ao mesmo tempo em que a universidade enriquece seu acervo de experiências validadas criticamente, podendo considerar seus resultados na formação inicial e continuada de professores. A participação ativa do professor num grupo de pesquisa na universidade o levou à reflexão sobre caminhos didáticos possíveis de serem descritos, analisados e comunicados a outros professores. A construção de uma pedagogia própria, levando em conta os modelos mentais dos alunos sobre temas básicos de Astronomia, e as mudanças promovidas a partir das aulas dadas, trouxeram amplas conseqüências sobre a pedagogia adotada pelo professor. Hoje a prática desse professor incorpora uma nova visão de ciência e formas alternativas de dialogar com os alunos, elementos indispensáveis a um pesquisador em Educação em Ciências.

  6. 卓越品质值得信赖 关爱服务以人为本 上海大众荣膺2011用户满意度(CACS1)多项桂冠

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    9月27日,“2011中国汽车用户满意度测评(CACSO”结果正式公布,上海大众VW品牌荣膺多项桂冠,其中全新Polo、LAVIDA朗逸、TIGUAN途观分别获得各自组别的最高分,而今年四月刚刚上市的上海大众旗舰车型全新帕萨特,更是在“2011年市场关注新笨”类别中一举夺魁。此外,上海大众VW品牌在售后服务满意度排名中亦高居榜首,荣获第一名桂冠。

  7. Papel de las células NK y linfocitos T en la respuesta inmune frente a Chlamidophyla abortus en modelo murino / Carlos Manuel Martínez Cacéres; directores, Joaquín Sánchez Campillo, Antonio J. Buendía Marín y Jesús Salinas Lorente.

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Cáceres, Carlos Manuel

    2006-01-01

    Tesis-Universidad de Murcia. Consulte la tesis en: BCA. GENERAL. ARCHIVO UNIVERSITARIO. T.M. 3026. Consulte la tesis en: BCA. GENERAL. Fac. Veterinaria. Departamentos. E002B TESIS 111. Consulte la tesis en: BCA. GENERAL. Fac. Veterinaria. Sala de estudio. Tesis-V 219.

  8. KAJIAN PERUBAHAN TUTUPAN LAHAN DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI BRANTAS BAGIAN HILIR MENGGUNAKAN CITRA SATELIT MULTI TEMPORAL (STUDI KASUS: KALI PORONG, KABUPATEN SIDOARJO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aninda Nurry

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Perubahan tutupan lahan (land cover change ditandai dengan adanya perubahan alih fungsi penggunaan lahan. Pada daerah aliran sungai perubahan tutupaan lahan sekitar daerah aliran sungai tersebut biasanya terjadi pada daerah sisi kanan dan kiri sungai yang digunakan sebagai pemukiman atau daerah industri (pabrik. Sungai Porong sebagai bagian dari Sungai Brantas yang sudah lama beralih fungsi sebagai tempat pembuangan luapan lumpur panas Sidoarjo telah banyak mengalami perubahan.  Terjadinya bencana lumpur Sidoarjo pada 29 Mei 2006 membuat suatu perubahan yang mempengaruhi kondisi air, pemukiman dan sosial ekonomi di wilayah tersebut. Untuk  mengetahui  besarnya  perubahan  tutupan lahan daerah tersebut  dapat digunakan  teknologi  penginderaan  jauh  yang  berbasis  citra  satelit  menggunakan  citra Landsat  7  dan  citra  Landsat  8.  Penggunaan  kedua  citra  yang  berbeda  tersebut  dapat dikatakan sebagai citra multitemporal.  Salah satu metode  yang  digunakan  untuk  mengetahui perubahan tutupan  lahan  yaitu  dengan melakukan klasifikasi berdasarkan kemiripan maksimum (maximum likelihood. Dari hasil klasifikasi tersebut, akan diketahui perubahan tutupan lahan daerah sekitar aliran sungai Porong tahun 2002 dan 2013. Hasil tutupan lahan di area kali Porong dari tahun 2002 dan 2013 menunjukan adanya perubahan antara lain luas sawah, luas lahan terbangun, luas lahan kosong, luas badan air (sungai, luas hutan, luas tegalan, luas tambak, dan adanya penambahan kelas lumpur panas Sidoarjo pada landsat 8 dikarenakan  semburan lumpur yang berlangsung sejak tahun 2006 sehingga menghilangkan ratusan hektar sawah dan lahan terbangun. Perubahan tutupan lahan pada landsat 8 yang lain juga muncul yaitu adanya kelas pulau Sarinah yang merupakan hasil pembentukan dari buangan lumpur panas Sidoarjo yang dialirkan melalui kali Porong.

  9. Quantitative relationship between coronary calcium content and coronary flow reserve as assessed by integrated PET/CT imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the relationship between coronary artery calcium (CAC) and coronary vasodilator function. We evaluated 136 patients without known coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing vasodilator stress 82Rb PET/CT and CAC scoring who showed normal myocardial perfusion. The CAC score, resting and hyperemic myocardial blood flow (MBF), coronary flow reserve (CFR) and coronary vascular resistance were analyzed. Global and regional CAC scores showed significant but weak inverse correlations with hyperemic MBF (r=-0.31 and r=-0.26, p≤0.0002 respectively) and CFR (r=-0.28 and r=-0.2, p≤0.001 respectively). With increasing CAC score, there was a modest stepwise decline in CFR on a per-patient basis (1.8±0.5 vs 1.7±0.5 vs 1.5±0.4, p=0.048, with total CAC=0, 1-400 and >400, respectively) and on a per-vessel basis. In multivariable modeling only body mass index and CAC score were predictive of CFR. In patients with an intermediate likelihood of, but without overt, CAD, there is a statistically significant but weak inverse correlation between CAC content and coronary vasodilator function. The strength of this association weakens after adjusting CAC scores for age, gender and coronary risk factors. This suggests that CAC and coronary vasodilator function provide biologically different information regarding atherosclerosis. (orig.)

  10. Primary isolation of Candida species from urine specimens using chromogenic medium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okulicz, J F; Rivard, R G; Conger, N G; Nguyen, M X; Hospenthal, D R

    2008-03-01

    CHROMagar Candida (CaC) is a chromogenic medium that can be used to detect Candida species, including Candida albicans, Candida krusei, Candida tropicalis, and perhaps Candida glabrata. We evaluated the utility of CaC to detect candiduria in high-risk patients and the potential usefulness of this information in directing initial antifungal therapy in those later identified with candidaemia. CaC was compared in parallel to standard laboratory methods (SM) for the detection of Candida from urine collected from high-risk units and wards. Of 893 samples, Candida was recovered by CaC from 104 compared with 35 using SM. No isolates detected by SM were undetected by CaC. More than one Candida species were recovered by CaC in 19 of the 104 (18.3%); only two mixed cultures were detected by SM. The identification was more rapid with CaC. Five of 69 patients with candiduria detected by CaC developed candidaemia on or after the date of urine culture. SM recovered fungus in only two of these patients. CaC can be used as primary media for the detection of Candida species from urine specimens. Primary isolation by CaC may enable clinicians to make earlier, directed selection of antifungal agents and potentially reduce patient morbidity and mortality.

  11. Quantitative relationship between coronary calcium content and coronary flow reserve as assessed by integrated PET/CT imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Curillova, Zelmira [Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); VA Boston Healthcare System, Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, West Roxbury, MA (United States); Yaman, Bettina F.; Sitek, Arkadius; El Fakhri, Georges [Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); Dorbala, Sharmila [Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Noninvasive Cardiovascular Imaging Program, Departments of Medicine (Cardiology) and Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); Kwong, Raymond Y. [Harvard Medical School, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Noninvasive Cardiovascular Imaging Program, Departments of Medicine (Cardiology) and Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); Anagnostopoulos, Constantinos [Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); Royal Brompton Hospital, Department of Nuclear Medicine, London (United Kingdom); Di Carli, Marcelo F. [Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); Harvard Medical School, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Noninvasive Cardiovascular Imaging Program, Departments of Medicine (Cardiology) and Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); Brigham and Women' s Hospital, Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Boston, MA (United States)

    2009-10-15

    To evaluate the relationship between coronary artery calcium (CAC) and coronary vasodilator function. We evaluated 136 patients without known coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing vasodilator stress {sup 82}Rb PET/CT and CAC scoring who showed normal myocardial perfusion. The CAC score, resting and hyperemic myocardial blood flow (MBF), coronary flow reserve (CFR) and coronary vascular resistance were analyzed. Global and regional CAC scores showed significant but weak inverse correlations with hyperemic MBF (r=-0.31 and r=-0.26, p{<=}0.0002 respectively) and CFR (r=-0.28 and r=-0.2, p{<=}0.001 respectively). With increasing CAC score, there was a modest stepwise decline in CFR on a per-patient basis (1.8{+-}0.5 vs 1.7{+-}0.5 vs 1.5{+-}0.4, p=0.048, with total CAC=0, 1-400 and >400, respectively) and on a per-vessel basis. In multivariable modeling only body mass index and CAC score were predictive of CFR. In patients with an intermediate likelihood of, but without overt, CAD, there is a statistically significant but weak inverse correlation between CAC content and coronary vasodilator function. The strength of this association weakens after adjusting CAC scores for age, gender and coronary risk factors. This suggests that CAC and coronary vasodilator function provide biologically different information regarding atherosclerosis. (orig.)

  12. Automatic detection and quantification of the Agatston coronary artery calcium score on contrast computed tomography angiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Wehab; de Graaf, Michiel A; Broersen, Alexander; Kitslaar, Pieter H; Oost, Elco; Dijkstra, Jouke; Bax, Jeroen J; Reiber, Johan H C; Scholte, Arthur J

    2015-01-01

    Potentially, Agatston coronary artery calcium (CAC) score could be calculated on contrast computed tomography coronary angiography (CTA). This will make a separate non-contrast CT scan superfluous. This study aims to assess the performance of a novel fully automatic algorithm to detect and quantify the Agatston CAC score in contrast CTA images. From a clinical registry, 20 patients were randomly selected for each CAC category (i.e. 0, 1-99, 100-399, 400-999, ≥1,000). The Agatston CAC score on non-contrast CT was calculated manually, while the novel algorithm was used to automatically detect and quantify Agatston CAC score in contrast CTA images. The resulting Agatston CAC scores were validated against the non-contrast images. A total of 100 patients (60 ± 11 years, 63 men) were included. The median CAC score on non-contrast CT was 145 (IQR 5-760), whereas the contrast CTA CAC score was 170 (IQR 23-594) (P = 0.004). The automatically computed CAC score showed a high correlation (R = 0.949; P < 0.001) and intra-class correlation (R = 0.863; P < 0.001) with non-contrast CT CAC score. Moreover, agreement within CAC categories was good (κ 0.588). Fully automatic detection of Agatston CAC score on contrast CTA is feasible and showed high correlation with non-contrast CT CAC score. This could imply a radiation dose reduction and time saving by omitting the non-contrast scan. PMID:25159031

  13. Interaction Between Emotion and Memory: Importance of Mammillary Bodies Damage in a Mouse Model of the Alcoholic Korsakoff Syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Béracochéa, Daniel

    2005-01-01

    Chronic alcohol consumption (CAC) can lead to the Korsakoff syndrome (KS), a memory deficiency attributed to diencephalie damage and/or to medial temporal or cortical related dysfunction. The etiology of KS remains unclear. Most animal models of KS involve thiaminedeficient diets associated with pyrithiamine treatment. Here we present a mouse model of CAC-induced KS. We demonstrate that CAC-generated retrieval memory deficits in working/ episodic memory tasks, together with a reduction of fea...

  14. Signs of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis in relation to risk factor distribution in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) and the Heinz Nixdorf Recall Study (HNR)

    OpenAIRE

    Erbel, Raimund; Delaney, Joseph A. C.; Lehmann, Nils; McClelland, Robyn L.; Möhlenkamp, Stefan; Kronmal, Richard A.; Schmermund, Axel; Moebus, Susanne; Dragano, Nico; Stang, Andreas; Jöckel, Karl-Heinz; Budoff, Matthew J.

    2008-01-01

    Aims Modern imaging technology allows us the visualization of coronary artery calcification (CAC), a marker of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis. The prevalence, quantity, and risk factors for CAC were compared between two studies with similar imaging protocols but different source populations: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) and the Heinz Nixdorf Recall Study (HNR). Methods and results The measured CAC in 2220 MESA participants were compared with those in 3126 HNR partici...

  15. Corrosion Resistance of Calcium Aluminate Cement Concrete Exposed to a Chloride Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Ki Yong Ann; Chang-Geun Cho

    2014-01-01

    The present study concerns a development of calcium aluminate cement (CAC) concrete to enhance the durability against an externally chemically aggressive environment, in particular, chloride-induced corrosion. To evaluate the inhibition effect and concrete properties, CAC was partially mixed with ordinary Portland cement (OPC), ranging from 5% to 15%, as a binder. As a result, it was found that an increase in the CAC in binder resulted in a dramatic decrease in the setting time of fresh concr...

  16. Relation of Pulmonary Function Impairment and Coronary Artery Calcification by Multi-detector Computed Tomography in Group Exposed to Inorganic Dusts

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Won-Jeong; Shin, Jae Hoon; Park, So Young

    2013-01-01

    Background The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship of pulmonary function impairment (PFI) and coronary artery calcification (CAC) by multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT), and the effect of pneumoconiosis on CAC or PFI. Methods Seventy-six subjects exposed to inorganic dusts underwent coronary artery calcium scoring by MDCT, spirometry, laboratory tests, and a standardized questionnaire. CAC was quantified using a commercial software (Rapidia ver. 2.8), and all the subj...

  17. Significance of noncalcified coronary plaque in asymptomatic subjects with low coronary artery calcium score: assessment with coronary computed tomography angiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoo, Dong Hyun; Chun, Eun Ju; Choi, Sang Il; Kim, Jeong A; Jin, Kwang Nam; Yeon, Tae-Jin; Choi, Dong-Ju

    2011-12-01

    We aimed to investigate the prevalence and severity of noncalcified coronary plaques (NCP) using coronary CT angiography (CCTA) and analyze predictors of significant coronary stenosis by NCP in asymptomatic subjects with low coronary artery calcium score (CACS). The institutional review board approved this retrospective study and all patients gave written, informed consent. The presence of plaque, severity of stenosis, plaque characteristics, and CACS were assessed in 7,515 asymptomatic subjects. We evaluated the prevalence and severity of NCP in subjects having low CACS (707 subjects; men with CACS from 1 to 50 and women from 1 to 10) in comparison to those having 0 CACS (6,040 subjects) as the reference standard. Conventional risk factors were assessed for predictors of NCP and significant stenosis by NCP. We also investigated the cardiac events of the patients through medical records. Compared to subjects with 0 CACS, those with low CACS showed higher prevalence of NCP (6.9% vs. 31.5%, P NCP (0.8% vs. 7.5%, P NCP included diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension, and elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol (all P NCP were classified into the low to intermediate risk according to Framingham Risk Score. At the median follow up of 42 months (range: 3-60 months), cardiac events were significantly higher in the low CACS group compared to the 0 CACS group (2.6% vs. 0.27%, P NCP were higher as compared to subjects having zero CACS and predictors of significant stenosis by NCP were DM, hypertension and LDL-Cholesterol. Therefore, CCTA may be useful for risk stratification of coronary artery disease as added value over CACS in selected populations with low CACS who have predictors of significant NCP.

  18. Glucose and acute exercise influence factors secreted by circulating angiogenic cells in vitro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Witkowski, Sarah; Guhanarayan, Gayatri; Burgess, Rachel

    2016-02-01

    Circulating angiogenic cells (CAC) influence vascular repair through the secretion of proangiogenic factors and cytokines. While CAC are deficient in patients with diabetes and exercise has a beneficial effect on CACs, the impact of these factors on paracrine secretion from CAC is unknown. We aimed to determine whether the in vitro secretion of selected cytokines and nitric oxide (NO) from CAC is influenced by hyperglycemia and acute exercise. Colony-forming unit CAC (CFU-CAC) were cultured from young active men (n = 9, 24 ± 2 years) at rest and after exercise under normal (5 mmol/L) and elevated (15 mmol/L) glucose. Preliminary relative multiplex cytokine analysis revealed that CAC conditioned culture media contained three of six measured cytokines: transforming growth factor-beta-1 (TGFβ1), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1). Single quantitative cytokine analysis was used to determine the concentration of each cytokine from the four conditions. NO was measured via Griess assay. There was a significant effect of CAC exposure to in vivo exercise on in vitro TGFβ1 secretion (P = 0.024) that was independent of glucose concentration. There was no effect of glucose or acute exercise on TNFα or MCP-1 concentration (both P > 0.05). The concentration of NO from CFU-CAC cultured in elevated glucose was lower following acute exercise (P = 0.002) suggesting that exercise did not maintain NO secretion under hyperglycemic conditions. Our results identify paracrine signaling factors that may be responsible for the proangiogenic function of CFU-CAC and an influence of acute exercise and elevated glucose on CFU-CAC soluble factor secretion. PMID:26847726

  19. Impact of menaquinone-4 supplementation on coronary artery calcification and arterial stiffness: an open label single arm study

    OpenAIRE

    Ikari, Yuji; Torii, Sho; Shioi, Atsushi; Okano, Toshio

    2016-01-01

    Background Dietary intake of vitamin K has been reported to reduce coronary artery calcification (CAC) and cardiovascular events. However, it is unknown whether supplemental menaquinone (MK)-4 can reduce CAC or arterial stiffness. To study the effect of MK-4 supplementation on CAC and brachial ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV). Methods This study is a single arm design to take 45 mg/day MK-4 daily as a therapeutic drug for 1 year. Primary endpoint was CAC score determined using 64-slice multi...

  20. Population Screening for Coronary Artery Calcification Does Not Increase Mental Distress and the Use of Psychoactive Medication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Anders Daldorph; Videbech, Poul; Gerke, Oke;

    2012-01-01

    PURPOSE:: Detection of coronary artery calcification (CAC) has been proposed for population screening. It remains unknown whether such a strategy would result in unnecessary concern among participants. Therefore, we set out to assess whether CAC screening affects the psychological well-being of s......PURPOSE:: Detection of coronary artery calcification (CAC) has been proposed for population screening. It remains unknown whether such a strategy would result in unnecessary concern among participants. Therefore, we set out to assess whether CAC screening affects the psychological well...

  1. Analysis of the citric acid cycle intermediates using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kombu, Rajan S; Brunengraber, Henri; Puchowicz, Michelle A

    2011-01-01

    Researchers view analysis of the citric acid cycle (CAC) intermediates as a metabolomic approach to identifying unexpected correlations between apparently related and unrelated pathways of metabolism. Relationships of the CAC intermediates, as measured by their concentrations and relative ratios, offer useful information to understanding interrelationships between the CAC and metabolic pathways under various physiological and pathological conditions. This chapter presents a relatively simple method that is sensitive for simultaneously measuring concentrations of CAC intermediates (relative and absolute) and other related intermediates of energy metabolism using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.

  2. Osteoprotegerin Serum Level is Associated with Severity of Coronary Artery Calcification in Non Diabetic Centrally Obese Men

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trilis Yulianti

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Osteoprotegerin (OPG is produced by a variety of tissues including those of the cardiovascular system. Recent clinical studies have suggested a significant correlation between elevated OPG serum level and cardiovascular mortality. Since coronary artery calcification (CAC is positively associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD events, we carried out a study to investigate whether OPG serum level is associated with the severity of CAC in non diabetic centrally obese men. METHODS: A cross sectional study was done on seventy non diabetic centrally obese men. CAC score was determined by using dual source computed tomography (DSCT. OPG serum level was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA method. Statistical analysis was done with SPSS for windows ver 16. ANOVA was performed to analyze mean, maximum, minimum value, and standard deviation. Spearman correlation test was performed to determine the correlation between OPG serum level and CAC score. Significance value was defined as alpha level=0.05 based on two-tailed tests. RESULTS: OPG serum level was significantly correlated with CAC score. The severity of CAC increased with the increase of OPG level. Age was significantly correlated with OPG serum level and CAC score. CONCLUSIONS: Our data show that serum OPG level was associated with the severity of CAC, which highlights that OPG could be involved in the progression of CAC in non diabetic obese men. KEYWORDS: obesity, vascular calcification, osteoprotegerin, coronary artery calcification.

  3. KARAKTERISASI KATALIS Pt-Pd/ZEOLIT ALAM REGENERASI PADA REAKSI HIDRODENITROGENASI PIRIDIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dina Asnawati

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan penelitian tentang Karakterisasi Katalis Pt-Pd/Zeolit Alam Regenerasi pada Reaksi Hidrodenitrogenasi Piridin. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mempelajari karakter katalis Pt-Pd/zeolit alam baru, bekas dan hasil regenerasi pada hidrodenitrogenisasi piridin. Katalis Pt-Pd/zeolit alam terdeaktivasi diregenerasi dengan cara dioksidasi dengan gas O2 pada temperatur 350oC selama 2 jam, dan direduksi dengan gas H2 pada temperatur 400oC selama 1 jam. Karakterisasi katalis baru (fresh, terdeaktivasi dan terregenerasi meliputi penentuan luas permukaan, volume pori dan rerata jejari pori dengan alat Gas Sorption Analyzer NOVA-1000 berdasarkan adsorpsi gas N2 serta penentuan keasaman dengan metode adsorpsi gas amoniak. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa deaktivasi katalis menyebabkan penurunan luas permukaan spesifik, volume total pori dan keasaman katalis, sedangkan proses regenerasi pada katalis bekas dengan metode oksidasi dan reduksi meningkatkan luas permukaan spesifik, volume total pori, rerata jejari pori dan keasaman katalis.

  4. 15 CFR Supplement No. 4 to Part 744 - Entity List

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., Spaceflight Tower 222 Cao Xi Road Shanghai, 20023 For all items subject to the EAR having a classification.... International, Room 1104, North Tower Yueziu City Plaza, No. 445 Dong Feng Zhong Rd., Guangzhou, China For all... International Trading Company, Room 1104, North Tower Yueziu City Plaza, No. 445 Dong Feng Zhong Rd.,...

  5. Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    Wuhan is said to be a city with 100 lakes; in addition, the Yangtze and Han rivers meet in the city. Dong Lake, the largest lake in a city in China, is located in Wuhan, and the Chu River connects Dong and Sha lakes.

  6. 中华老字号——东来顺(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The Donglaishun restaurant chain was established by a man named Ding Deshan, in 1903. The original Donglaishun restaurant was located in the old Dong An Market and fittingly, the main restaurant today can be found in the New Dong An Market in Wangfujing. The chain has developed into a big company with 88 branches and more than

  7. PERSAMAAN DROP SIZE DI DALAM KOLOM BERPENGADUK CAKRAM (RDC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martunus Martunus

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Perpindahan massa dari satu fase cair ke fase cair lainnya di dalam kolom ekstraksi cair-cair ditentukan dengan luas perpindahan antara kedua fase. Luas perpindahan ini dapat dinyatakan dengan drop size yang merupakan faktor yang sangat penting dalam perancangan kolom ekstraksi cair-cair berpengaduk (Rotating Disc Contactor, RDC. Tiga model yang berhubungan dengan drop size dikembangkan untuk variabel operasi kolom yang didasarkan pada kecepatan putaran yaitu yaitu model untuk ekstraksi tanpa pengadukan atau pengadukan dengan putaran sangat rendah, model dengan kecepatan pengadukan medium, dan model pengadukan dengan putaran tinggi. Artikel ini berisi pembahasan persamaan drop size yang sudah dipublikasikan menyangkut ketiga kondisi operasi tersebut.

  8. Corona SDK hotshot

    CERN Document Server

    Flanagan, Nevin

    2013-01-01

    Using a project based approach you will learn the coolest aspects of Corona SDK development. Each project contains step bystep explanations, diagrams, screenshots, and downloadable materials.This book is for users who already have completed at least one simple app using Corona and are familiar with mobile development using another platform and have done Lua programming in another context. Knowledge of the basic functions of Corona routines, as well as an understanding of the Lua programming language's syntax and common libraries, is assumed throughout.

  9. Bone biomarkers help grading severity of coronary calcifications in non dialysis chronic kidney disease patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marion Morena

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Osteoprotegerin (OPG and fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23 are recognized as strong risk factors of vascular calcifications in non dialysis chronic kidney disease (ND-CKD patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between FGF23, OPG, and coronary artery calcifications (CAC in this population and to attempt identification of the most powerful biomarker of CAC: FGF23? OPG? METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: 195 ND-CKD patients (112 males/83 females, 70.8 [27.4-94.6] years were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. All underwent chest multidetector computed tomography for CAC scoring. Vascular risk markers including FGF23 and OPG were measured. Logistic regression analyses were used to study the potential relationships between CAC and these markers. The fully adjusted-univariate analysis clearly showed high OPG (≥10.71 pmol/L as the only variable significantly associated with moderate CAC ([100-400[ (OR = 2.73 [1.03;7.26]; p = 0.04. Such association failed to persist for CAC scoring higher than 400. Indeed, severe CAC was only associated with high phosphate fractional excretion (FEPO(4 (≥38.71% (OR = 5.47 [1.76;17.0]; p = 0.003 and high FGF23 (≥173.30 RU/mL (OR = 5.40 [1.91;15.3]; p = 0.002. In addition, the risk to present severe CAC when FGF23 level was high was not significantly different when OPG was normal or high. Conversely, the risk to present moderate CAC when OPG level was high was not significantly different when FGF23 was normal or high. CONCLUSIONS: Our results strongly suggest that OPG is associated to moderate CAC while FGF23 rather represents a biomarker of severe CAC in ND-CKD patients.

  10. Automatic detection of cardiovascular risk in CT attenuation correction maps in Rb-82 PET/CTs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Išgum, Ivana; de Vos, Bob D.; Wolterink, Jelmer M.; Dey, Damini; Berman, Daniel S.; Rubeaux, Mathieu; Leiner, Tim; Slomka, Piotr J.

    2016-03-01

    CT attenuation correction (CTAC) images acquired with PET/CT visualize coronary artery calcium (CAC) and enable CAC quantification. CAC scores acquired with CTAC have been suggested as a marker of cardiovascular disease (CVD). In this work, an algorithm previously developed for automatic CAC scoring in dedicated cardiac CT was applied to automatic CAC detection in CTAC. The study included 134 consecutive patients undergoing 82-Rb PET/CT. Low-dose rest CTAC scans were acquired (100 kV, 11 mAs, 1.4mm×1.4mm×3mm voxel size). An experienced observer defined the reference standard with the clinically used intensity level threshold for calcium identification (130 HU). Five scans were removed from analysis due to artifacts. The algorithm extracted potential CAC by intensity-based thresholding and 3D connected component labeling. Each candidate was described by location, size, shape and intensity features. An ensemble of extremely randomized decision trees was used to identify CAC. The data set was randomly divided into training and test sets. Automatically identified CAC was quantified using volume and Agatston scores. In 33 test scans, the system detected on average 469mm3/730mm3 (64%) of CAC with 36mm3 false positive volume per scan. The intraclass correlation coefficient for volume scores was 0.84. Each patient was assigned to one of four CVD risk categories based on the Agatston score (0-10, 11-100, 101-400, Cohen's linearly weighted κ0.82). Automatic detection of CVD risk based on CAC scoring in rest CTAC images is feasible. This may enable large scale studies evaluating clinical value of CAC scoring in CTAC data.

  11. Circulating angiogenic cell dysfunction in patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liana Zucco

    Full Text Available Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT is an autosomal dominant vascular disorder. Circulating angiogenic cells (CACs play an important role in vascular repair and regeneration. This study was designed to examine the function of CACs derived from patients with HHT. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNCs isolated from patients with HHT and age- and gender-matched healthy volunteers were assessed for expression of CD34, CD133 and VEGF receptor 2 by flow cytometry. PBMNCs were cultured to procure early outgrowth CACs. Development of endothelial cell (EC phenotype in CACs was analyzed by fluorescence microscopy. CAC apoptosis was assayed with Annexin V staining, and CAC migration assessed by a modified Boyden chamber assay. mRNA expression of endoglin (ENG, activin receptor-like kinase-1 (ACVLR1 or ALK1 and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS in CACs was measured by real time RT-PCR. The percentage of CD34+ cells in PBMNCs from HHT patients was significantly higher than in PBMNCs of healthy controls. CACs derived from patients with HHT not only showed a significant reduction in EC-selective surface markers following 7-day culture, but also a significant increase in the rate of basal apoptosis and blunted migration in response to vascular endothelial growth factor and stromal cell-derived factor-1. CACs from HHT patients expressed significantly lower levels of ENG, ALK1 and eNOS mRNAs. In conclusion, CACs from patients with HHT exhibited various functional impairments, suggesting a reduced regenerative capacity of CACs to repair the vascular lesions seen in HHT patients.

  12. Design Strategy of Three-dimensional Practical Teaching of Mao Ze-dong Thought and Generality of Theoretical System of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics%《毛泽东思想和中国特色社会主义理论体系概论》课立体式实践教学的设计策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤文隽

    2015-01-01

    During the process of exploring and implementing the practice teaching of Mao Zedong Thought and Generality of Theoretical System of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics, we must integrate all teaching resources, design a set of three-dimensional practical schemes according to the practical subject's cognitive level, emotional characteristics, interests demand, organization ways and so on. When designing schemes, we should pay attention to the design strategies existing in the practical teaching, including regressive cogni-tive learning strategy, participatory design practice strategy, reflective emotion regulation strategy, shared interest coordination strategy to construct the three-dimensional practical teaching mode and get the effective implementation.%《毛泽东思想和中国特色社会主义理论体系概论》课实践教学的探索实施过程中,必须整合一切教学资源,根据实践主体的认知水平、情感特点、利益诉求、组织方式等,设计出一整套立体式的实践方案。在设计方案时应注意实践教学的设计策略问题,具体包括:“回归式”的学习认知策略、“参与式”的设计实践策略、“反思式”的情感调控策略、“共享式”的利益协调策略,以此构建出立体式实践教学模式并得到有效执行。

  13. Sorcery Dance Described in “Wan Qiu”and “Dong Men Zhi Fen”and the Origin of Sorcery%《宛丘》、《东门之枌》中的巫舞和陈地巫风探源

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    过文英

    2002-01-01

    中、二诗,描写了陈国东门、宛丘一地歌舞娱神的情形,反映了陈国崇信巫鬼的社会风尚.这种尚巫之风,既是其本族文化传统的延续,又与胡公被封"使祀虞帝"及陈夫人好巫有关,在很大程度上,也是南楚巫风渗透的结果.

  14. 体外模型中3种光固化树脂充填体边缘微渗漏实验研究%Experiment on Gingival Marginal Microleakage of Three Kinds of Composite Restorations in Artificial Model. DONG

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董世涛

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the degree of marginal microleakage of three kinds of composites in vitro model.Methods: Thirty-six premolars neck cavities were randomly assigned to 3 experimerimental groups in vitro, 12 of each. Class V cavities were prepared on labial side of each tooth. Composite Valur Plus, liquid nanocomposite resin Z350 and resin composite Esthet XTM were used respectively to each group, with twelve cavities for every kind of composite. After thermal cycling(x600,4-60℃), the teeth were immersed in 1% basic fuchsin dye for 24hours at room temperature. All teeth were cut labial- lingual direction and the penetration of dye along the wall of cavities were observed under stereoscopic microscope. Results: Restorative nanoleucite composite resins Z350 is a lesser microleakage material. Significant differences were observed between nanoleucite composite resins Z350 and other two materials(P<0.01) . No statistically significant differences in microleakage were noted between other two groups.Conclusion: Liquid nanocomposite resin Z350 is a better clinical material for filling the buccal neck carity.%目的:比较3种光固化充填材料在体外模型中充填体边缘的微渗漏程度.方法:在36颗离体的前磨牙颊侧颈部备洞.随机分为3组,每组12颗牙.分别充填3M 前后牙通用树脂Valux Plus、流动性纳米复合树脂Z350、登士柏 Esthet.XTM复合树脂.样本经温度循环,采用10 g/L碱性品红染色后,颊舌向沿长轴连续切开,在体式显微镜下观察修复体与牙体洞壁间染料渗漏情况.结果:3种材料中流动性纳米复合树脂Z350微渗漏最小.前后牙通用树脂Valux Plus微渗漏最大.流动性纳米复合树脂Z350与其他两组相比有显著性差异(P<0.01).结论:流动性纳米复合树脂Z350是临床上充填颊侧颈部窝洞的较好材料.

  15. Analysis of clinical characteristics and prognosis of 72 Herpes Zoster among HIV/AIDS patients in Xinjian g Yang Tongtong, Dong Yujie, Ainiwaer, Li Hong, Zhang Yu, Song Yuxia, Lu Xiaobo%艾滋病合并带状疱疹72例患者临床及预后分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨彤彤; 董玉洁; 艾尼瓦尔; 李弘; 张玉; 宋玉霞; 鲁晓擘

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical features, treatment effect and prognosis of Herpes Zoster( HZ) among patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome ( AIDS) .Methods Clinical data of 72 AIDS-HZ patients in our hospital were retrospectively reviewed, then the data including clinical characteristics, laboratory examination, treatment and the prognosis of patients were statistically analyzed. Results Our study showed that the majority of these patients were male ( 65.28%) and Uyghur (79.17%), with a mean age of 37.22 ±8.26 years.39(54.17%) patients have a history of intravenous drug using (IDUs).The rash was common seen in the trunk (68.06%) and limbs (26.39%), two or more than two were seen in 12 patients (16.67%).21(29.17%) were combined by skin infections and 67 patients (93.06%) complained with pain.Forty seven(65.28%) patients had a lower CD4 +T lymphocyte counts (<350 cells/μl).The cure rate was 75%(54/72) and the effective rate was 100%after standard treatment ( including antiretroviral therapy, drugs and analgesia therapy) .Conclusions HIV/AIDS-HZ is common in male Uygur patients in Xinjiang.More than half of the cases are IDUs and have a lower CD4 count ( <350 cells/μl ) .Herpes zoster may occurred as a manifestation of immune reconstitution after HAART.However, most of patients with HIV/AIDS-HZ case had a good prognosis after standard treatment.%目的:分析艾滋病合并带状疱疹患者的临床特征、治疗效果及预后。方法采用回顾性研究的方法,对新疆维吾尔自治区第六人民医院收治的72例艾滋病合并带状疱疹患者的临床表现、实验室检查、治疗及转归进行总结分析。结果患者以男性(65.28%)、维吾尔族(79.17%)为主,平均年龄37.22±8.26岁,有静脉吸毒史者39例(54.17%)。皮疹发生部位以躯干(68.06%)和四肢(26.39%)较常见,16.67%发生在2个及以上部位。21例(29.17%)合并疱疹部位皮肤感染,67例(93.06%)合并局部疼痛。47例(65.28%) CD4+T淋巴细胞计数<350个/μl。经给予标准治疗(抗病毒、营养神经、止痛)后痊愈率为75%(54/72),疱疹治疗有效率100%。结论新疆艾滋病合并带状疱疹以男性维吾尔族常见,半数以上有静脉注射吸毒行为,多见于CD4+T淋巴细胞计数低于<350个/μl者。接受HAART者可在免疫功能重建的过程中出现带状疱疹。艾滋病合并带状疱疹患者经标准治疗后整体预后良好。

  16. Clinical Study on Anti-Inflammatory Analgesic Cream(Dong Le Cream) in Treating The Joint Pain Of Rheumatoid Arthritis%消炎止痛膏(东乐膏)外治类风湿关节炎关节疼痛的临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘乐; 唐今扬; 李斌; 马芳; 潘峥; 王倩; 寇秋爱

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To prove if the internal medical treatment plus the anti-inflammatory analgesic cream have better effect to alleviate active rheumatoid arthritis joint pain than the single application of internal medical treatment .Methods: The clinical design followed with the principle of randomization , control, repetition and adopted double-blind method.The 72 patients with active RA pain were ran-domly (1∶1) assigned to two groups, the anti-inflammatory analgesic cream group and the placebo group .The primary efficacy endpoint was observed.Results:The effect of the anti-inflammatory group was better than that of the placebo group (P<0.05).Conclusion:The anti-inflammatory analgesic cream can effectively alleviate the joint pain of active period of RA .It has better safety .%目的:内科治疗加用消炎止痛膏,对缓解活动期类风湿关节炎( RA)关节疼痛较单纯内科治疗具有更好的疗效。方法:遵循随机、对照、重复的原则,采用双盲的方法,将72例活动期RA关节疼痛受试者,按1∶1的比例随机分为消炎止痛膏组和安慰剂组,观察主要疗效指标的变化情况。结果:消炎止痛膏组优于安慰剂组( P均<0.05)。结论:消炎止痛膏能够有效地缓解活动期RA关节疼痛,且安全性好。

  17. 诗学理想的审美叙写——毛泽东革命浪漫主义文艺观的文学实践历程%Aesthetic Narration of the Poetics Utopia——the Practicality Course of Mao Ze - dong's Revolutionary Romanticism Literature and Artistic Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卜凌云

    2008-01-01

    毛泽东革命浪漫主义文艺观是马克思主义意识形态文艺观与中国革命发展及社会实践相结合的产物,它对中国二十世纪文学的发展产生了深远的影响.文章论述了毛泽东文艺观形成的哲学基础,并着重阐述了它在不同时期的文学实践中所走过的历程,分析了作家们在文学创作上的具体表现.

  18. 三联书店版、董乐山译《西行漫记》——Red Star over China汉译史上的经典译本%Xixingmanji Translated by Dong Leshan——A Classic Chinese Version of Red Star over China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阳鲲

    2015-01-01

    美国人埃德加·斯诺在1936年作为第一个西方记者,进入陕北苏区采访,写作了Red Star over China(《红星照耀中国》).这部由外国人写作的关于中国红区的英文作品“墙外开花墙内香”,英文的《红星照耀中国》借由中文的《西行漫记》等译本在中国产生了极大的震撼与巨大的影响,众多中译本,绵延流传,这些译作可以说具有可与原作相媲美的历史意义,其中1979年三联书店出版、董乐山翻译的《西行漫记》凭借“天时地利人和”,成为了《红星》汉译史上的经典译本.

  19. Research on the Application of Core Strength Training in the Jump Events of the Track and Field Team in Shan-dong University of Science and Technology%山东科技大学校田径队跳跃项目核心力量训练应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱元明; 时洪举

    2015-01-01

    运动员的初级、中级训练阶段,教练员在进行力量训练时容易忽视核心力量训练,从而导致了许多跳跃项目运动员在协同肌与对抗肌的协调配合过程中,肌肉紧张与放松交替机制不顺畅;在跳远、三级跳远练习中,垂直轴上的肌肉紧张度不够,身体结构的稳定性不好,矢状面上的重心轨迹直线性不好,影响了成绩的提高。核心力量训练能够提高跳远、三级跳远的速度利用率,保证三级跳远三跳轨迹的直线性,最终提高跳远、三级跳远成绩。%In primary and secondary stages of training, athletes are prone to the ignorance of core strength training when imple-menting strength training, leading to many jump athletes' sluggish alternation of muscle tension and relaxation in the coordination between cooperative muscle and antagonistic muscle; in the ex-ercises of long jump and triple jump, the muscle tension on the vertical axis is not enough, and the stability of their body struc-ture is not good, and the linearity of the track of center of gravity on the vertical plane is not good, thus affecting the improvement of performance. Core strength training can improve the speed uti-lization ratio in long jump and triple jump, and ensure the linear-ity of the three jumps in triple jump, thereby improving the per-formance of long jump and triple jump.

  20. The Present Situation and Enlightenment of the Construction of Rural Public Cultural Service System--Taking Dongping County in ShanDong Province as the Angle of View%农村公共文化服务体系建设现状及启示--以山东省东平县为视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周新辉; 马婷婷; 刘佳

    2015-01-01

    先进文化是引领社会前进的旗帜,是凝聚人心的强大力量。农村公共文化服务体系建设是我国公共文化服务体系建设的重点和难点。山东省东平县农村公共文化服务体系建设,坚持以人为本,惠民优先,尊重农民的主体地位,实施梯次联创、双联四包等政策,量力而行,逐级推进,取得了显著成效,其建设过程中的经验和存在的问题对当前我国农村公共文化服务体系建设具有启示作用。%The advanced culture is a banner and strong cohesion which leading the advance of society.The construction of rural public culture has always been the weak link in cultural construction.Dongping County was people -centric and respected the farmer’ s main body status in all the policies.It took the policies in according to its ability and strength before acting.The policies such as ladder type, individual responsibility system has achieved great success.Its construction experience and existing problems are valuable for the current rural public culture construction.

  1. On layout of local dwelling houses of Dong Nationality along Pingtan River of Tongdao County in Huaihua City of Hunan%湖南怀化通道县坪坦河流域侗族民居布局研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余凌云

    2015-01-01

    In order to research the layout features of the six local dwelling houses which are applied for the World Heritage along Pingtan River of Tongdao County in Huaihua City of Hunan,through field investigation and reviewing literature,the paper researches the location features of these houses,including the layout consistent with its geographic features,the adherence to Fengshui,and foremost safety in the design,its layout forms are ridge type,type of mountains along rivers and flatland type,its wholesome layout is characterized by the adaptation to the topography and the concentration on the drum-house.%为研究湖南怀化通道县坪坦河流域6个申遗侗寨民居的布局特点,通过田野调查和文献查阅,研究出其民居的选址特点为:因地制宜、讲究风水、安全第一;布局形式为:山脊型、山麓沿河型和平坝型三种;总体布局特点为:顺应地势、以鼓楼为中心。

  2. THE PATH ALONG WHICH MAO ZE-DONG'S KNOWLEDGE OF DOGMATISM AND REVISIONISM DEVELOPED AFTER THE FOUNDING OF THE NEW CHINA%建国以来毛泽东对教条主义、修正主义问题认识之轨迹

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董军明; 阿明布和

    2003-01-01

    建国以后,毛泽东继续反对教条主义,在诸多方面取得了重要成果.同时,在社会主义改造中他犯了某些教条主义错误,在社会主义建设的具体工作中犯了经验主义的错误,特别是在所谓社会主义革命问题上,在反对所谓修正主义的斗争中,犯了严重的教条主义错误.这是毛泽东晚年政治错误的理论根源.分析这些错误将能给我们以重要启示.

  3. Tracking Theory Building and Use Trends in Selected LIS Journals: More Research is Needed. A review of: Kim, Sung‐Jin, and Dong Y. Jeong. “An Analysis of the Development and Use of Theory in Library and Information Science Research Articles.” Library & Information Science Research 28.4 (Sept. 2006): 548‐62.

    OpenAIRE

    Carol Perryman

    2007-01-01

    Objective ‐ The authors measure theory incidents occurring in four LIS journals between 1984‐2003 in order to examine their number and quality and to analyze them by topic. A third objective, only identified later in the text of the study, was to compare theory development and use between Korean and international journals. Research questions asked include whether LIS has its own theoretical base as a discipline, and what characteristics the theoretical framework has.Design – Bibliometric stud...

  4. 节事旅游市场化运作模式浅探——以东山关帝文化节为例%Festival Matter Traveling Operation Pattern Research——Take the DongShan GuanDi Festival as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    詹芬萍; 骆文伟

    2011-01-01

    我国目前有三种不同节事旅游的运作模式:政府主导、联合承办、联动开发模式;政府引导、社会参与、市场运作模式;市场引导、企业主体、商业运作模式。而市场化运作是国内激烈的节事旅游活动竞争的唯一出路,市场化是产业发展的必然要求,市场化是节事旅游活动品牌化的保障,市场化是节事旅游活动组织过程合理化的需要。以东山关帝文化节为例,东山关帝文化节存在以下问题:关公文化主题不突出,持续性不强;"官办"模式,投入产出效率不高;"贵宾化"倾向,民众参与的积极性不高;缺乏完善的评估体系。针对以上问题采取的对策是:坚持经济与文化一体化;引入竞办机制,完善产业链;建立规范的节事评估体系;活动内容应大众化、艺术化,突出主题。%China currently has three different kinds of festival tourism mode of operation: government leading,the joint undertaking,the linkage development model;government guidance,social participation,the mode of operation of the market;to guide the market,enterprises,business model.While the market is fierce Festival and events tourism competition only outlet,commercializing is the inevitable requirement of the development of the industry,the market is the festival and events tourism brand protection,market is the festival and events tourism organization rationalization process needs.In the Dongshan Culture Festival as an example,the Cultural Festival is put in the following problem: Guan Gong culture theme is not outstanding,persistence is not strong;" official" mode,the input-output efficiency is not high;" VIP " tendency,people to participate in the enthusiasm is not high;the lack of perfect evaluation system.In view of the above problems,the countermeasure is: adhere to the integration of economy and culture;introducing the contest runs mechanism,improve the industrial chain;establish a standard event evaluation system;activities should be popular,artistic,prominent theme.

  5. Marching into the Jing-gang Mountains: Mao Ze-dong's Successful Example in Combining Marxism with China's Revolutionary Practice%进军井冈山:毛泽东把马克思主义与中国革命实际相结合的成功范例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁增华

    1994-01-01

    @@ 马思克主义的一个最基本原则,就是把马克思主义与各国革命和建设实际相结合.井冈山斗争是毛泽东把马克思主义与中国革命实际相结合的光辉典范,是毛泽东在土地革命战争初期把马克思主义与中国革命实际成功相结合的最早开始.

  6. Marching toward Diversification and Internationalization:an Interview with Mr.Dong Wenbiao Board Chairman of China Minsheng Banking Corp.%向多元化、国际化迈进——访中国民生银行董事长董文标

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林铁钢

    2007-01-01

    记者:今年年初,民生银行制定了五年发展纲要,对未来的战略转型,发展愿景和主要业务指标进行了规划。这是民生银行经过十年快速发展后,重新进行市场定位和战略转型的标志。请您谈谈民生银行是如何确定今后发展战略的?

  7. A servicing example of HF SERIES GENERRATORS COMPACT X-RAY UNIT in WanDong C-3000 big C arm%万东C-3000大C臂HF SERIES GENERRATORS COMPACT X-RAY UNIT维修一例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    木元章

    2005-01-01

    在手术过程中透视时听见一爆破响声,操作者还看见计算机柜有黑烟冒出。高压控制液晶屏提示ERROR 16和ERROR 33以及ERROR 52.操作人员在多次从启后三个错误代码依次出现,机器再也不能透视和曝光。

  8. Zhang Zhi dong's new ideas on China Modern Age teaching practice--New ideas on edcuation aims and contents of courses%张之洞对近代中国教育实践的创新--在办学宗旨和教学内容方面的创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁云

    2003-01-01

    张之洞对中国近代教育的贡献,国内学者已进行了比较充分的研究.但大多研究以张之洞与洋务新政关系为主,分析张之洞在军事、经济、教育等方面的具体活动较多.实际上,晚清时期张之洞对中国近代教育的贡献非常突出,他对中国教育近代化的贡献是不可磨灭的,堪称中国近代教育的先驱.本文着重论述张之洞在办学宗旨、教学内容的创新贡献:张之洞有丰富的教育思想,对中国教育改革和教育更新有大量的实践,在中国近代社会的重重危机中,始终致力于中国教育的近代化,从西学与中学、学校与科举、新教育与旧教育等诸多矛盾中寻求新的途径、不断创新.

  9. Civilians yield to the monarch and the monarch to the heaven——Tentative exploration in the idea and mechanism of Dong Zhongshu's political ethics%略论董仲舒政治伦理之制衡理念及机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王传林

    2010-01-01

    董仲舒假托春秋之义,从"屈君而伸天"推导出"限君"与"伸天"的政治伦理制衡机制.在这里,他的第一重意思似乎已经完成.循此设计理路,他进而以阴阳五行说与中央政府的基本组织结构相比附,设计出第二重意义上伦理制衡机制.至此,他完成了"以天限君"与"五行生克"的政治伦理逻辑的推演与建构,试图以此为汉武帝的改制提供新的政治伦理思想和范式.

  10. Mao Ze-dong's Change of Ideological Reco gnition on the Question from New Democracy to Socialism%毛泽东在由新民主主义向社会主义转变问题上的思想认识轨迹

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡茹葵

    2002-01-01

    新中国成立后,毛泽东根据当时中国国情,认为应先搞一段时间的新民主主义建设,条件成熟后才开始社会主义的全面改造,即向社会主义过渡.到1952年下半年,受各种主客观因素的影响,毛泽东逐渐放弃了新民主主义社会理论,开始酝酿并提出了立即向社会主义过渡的新设想.探索毛泽东这一转变过程中的思想认识轨迹,对于我们今天坚持邓小平社会主义初级阶段的理论具有十分重要的理论和现实意义.

  11. 德利多富ProAir航空自助值机进驻上海浦东国际机场%Wincor Nixdorf ProAir aviation self-service duty machine used at ShangHaiPuDong airport

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    大岭

    2007-01-01

    近日,德利多富公司为上海浦东国际机场提供的6台自助值机设备在浦东机场国内登机大厅B区正式投入使用,这是浦东机场为购买电子客票且无行李托运的旅客推出的服务新举措。今后乘坐上航、国航及其所代理的海航、深航等国内航班的旅客均可在这一集中区域办理自助值机手续。

  12. 清至民国清水江流域侗族妇女公益事务探微--以三门塘碑刻为中心%A Probe into the Public Affairs by Dong Women from the Qing Dynasty to the Republic of China:Focusing on the Inscriptions in Sanmentang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李颖

    2015-01-01

    There are still over 40 inscriptions in Sanmentang today made during the Qing Dynasty and the Republic of China, in which there exists quite a lot of historical information about the public affairs made by women. Taking these inscriptions as the basic data, the present paper combines genealogy and local history books, systematically studies the participation scope and ways that local women involved themselves in public af-fairs and tries to explore the cultural connotations behind it. This is beneficial to expand the research space of the economic life about the women in Qingshuijiang Basin, and enrich the history of the Chinese women in different geopolitical environment who were engaged in different human activities.%三门塘地区今尚遗存清至民国时期碑刻约四十余通,其中保存了诸多妇女及其公益事务的史料信息。本文即以这批碑文为基本资料,结合家谱、方志等典籍文献,系统梳理妇女参与公益活动的范围和方式,并寻绎其背后的文化内涵,以裨于扩大清水江流域妇女经济生活研究的空间,丰富不同地缘环境及人事活动所构成的多元化中国妇女史叙事内容。

  13. Zhuang Ya-Qiang Wang Guang-Ming† Zhang Chen-Xin Zhang Xiao-Kuan Zong Bin-Feng Ma Wei-Dong Wang Ya-Wei%单层高效透射型相位梯度超表面的设计及实验验证∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庄亚强; 王光明; 张晨新; 张小宽; 宗彬锋; 马卫东; 王亚伟

    2016-01-01

    本文设计了一种单层高效透射型相位梯度超表面,并通过仿真和实验进行了验证.在圆极化波入射条件下,超表面单元的交叉极化转化率大于90%的频带范围为14—15.8 GHz.通过对单元的面内旋转可实现在保持高交叉极化透射幅度的前提下对交叉极化透射相位进行调控.基于6个旋转步进为30◦的超表面单元周期排布设计了一维相位梯度超表面,该超表面对左/右旋圆极化波分别形成方向相反的相位梯度,因此线极化波经过超表面后将会分离成两束对称传播的圆极化波.15 GHz处的近场电场分布和远场归一化透射能量方向图的仿真结果表明,奇异透射角仿真值为33.5◦,与理论设计值(33.75◦)符合得很好.仿真并测试了透射功率密度谱,结果表明在14.9—15.3 GHz频带范围内垂直入射的线极化波被高效分离成两束圆极化波.相比于以往的透射型极化调制超表面,该超表面具有工作效率高、厚度薄、重量轻等优点,在电磁波传播和极化操控领域具有重要的应用价值.%Polarization characteristic is an important feature of electromagnetic (EM) wave. Manipulating polarization state and controlling propagation direction of EM wave by phase-gradient metasurface (PGM) have become a research hotspot in recent years. However, using transmissive PGM for polarization manipulation often suffers a low efficiency. To alle-viate this problem, multilayered structure was utilized. However, it often suffered bulky volume and design complexity. Therefore, engineering a thin high-efficiency transmissive PGM with polarization manipulation is a pressing and challeng-ing issue. In this paper, a single-layer high-efficiency transmissive PGM with cross-polarization conversion and anomalous refraction is designed. To illustrate the working mechanism, the PGM is comprehensively investigated through theo-retical analysis, EM simulations and experimental measurements. The unit cell evolving from an electric-field-coupled resonator is carefully designed to exhibit a Pancharatnam-Berry phase gradient. Each rotated element irradiated sepa-rately by the normally-incident left-handed circularly polarized (LHCP) and right-handed circularly polarized (RHCP) waves is simulated in CST microwave studio. The results show that the cross-polarization transmission magnitude keeps over 0.9 and does not change as the rotation angle varies. Moreover, the phase shift is twice the rotation angles and the direction of refracted beam is opposite under the above two different polarizations. In addition, the cross-polarization conversion ratio is above 0.9 from 14 GHz to 15.8 GHz. On the premise of high transmission magnitude, the phase of the cross-polarized transmission can be freely manipulated via varying axis orientation. By spatially arranging six unit cells in rotation angle steps of 30◦, a PGM with a phase difference of 60◦ between adjacent unit cells is designed. As is well known, linearly-polarized (LP) EM waves can be decomposed into LHCP and RHCP waves with equal amplitudes. Therefore, an LP wave through the PGM will be separated into two counterpropagating CP waves. The high-efficiency anomalous refraction of the PGM is verified from simulated near-field electric field distributions and far field normal-ized power patterns. The simulated refracted angle is 33.5◦, which is in accordance with the theoretical designed value (33.75◦). Moreover, the transmissive power intensity spectrum under the normally-incident LP waves is simulated and measured. The simulated and measured results are in good agreement with each other, showing that the transmitted wave is perfectly split into two counterpropagating waves from 14.9 GHz to 15.3 GHz. Compared with the available transmissive PGMs, our proposed PGM features high efficiency and thin structure with only single layer, making the proposed PGM a promising alternative to manipulating propagation and polarization of EM waves.

  14. From City Monsoon to Widely Social Solicitude——Mr.Yang Dong-ping, the Public Intelletual%从《城市季风》到广泛的社会关怀——记社会学、教育学知名专家杨东平

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王慧

    2008-01-01

    本文记述社会学、教育学知名专家杨东平先生的学术、社会活动历程,展示了他从城市文化到环境、教育的研究范围,从人文到社会发展方面广泛的社会关怀;着重评述他1994年出版的一书及2006年修订版的影响和他对京沪两个城市的认识与反思.

  15. Investigation of the polymorphism of HPA-1 ~ 5 gene and the platelet transfusion refractoriness Dong ethnic group in Guizhou province, China%贵州省黔东南州侗族献血人群HPA-1~5多态性分析及随机输血不配合率研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨芳; 黄吉娥; 曾小菁; 杨普渝; 丛硕

    2013-01-01

    目的 调查贵州省侗族健康随机献血人群人类血小板抗原(human platelet antigen,HPA)1~5系统基因多态性分布特点.方法 采用聚合酶链-序列特异性引物技术(PCR-SSP)对贵州省无血缘关系侗族随机献血人154例血样进行HPA-1~5系统基因分型.结果 贵州省黔东南州侗族HPA-1a、2a、3a、4a、5a、基因频率分别是0.942、0.741、0.926、0.954、0.773,HPA-1b、2b、3b、4b、5b、基因频率分别是0.058、0.286、0.084、0.045、0.227;经,检验,结果符合Hardy-Weinberg遗传平衡定律.随机输血HPA不配合的发生率依次为:HPA-4:49.11%,HPA-2:32.%,HPA-5:28.94%,HPA-3:14.35%,HPA-1:10.33%.与其他研究比较:贵州省侗族人群HPA-1~5系统基因频率与不同人群相比较:HPA-1与中国汉族、海南黎族、新疆维吾尔族相比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);HPA-2与贵州省黔东南州苗族、中国汉族、新疆柯尔克孜族、海南黎族、西藏藏族、浙江畲族、美国白人相比较均差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);HPA-3、4与贵州省黔东南州苗族、中国汉族、新疆维吾尔族、新疆柯尔克孜族、海南黎族、西藏藏族、浙江畲族、广西瑶族、美国黑人、美国白人相比较差异有统计学意义(P <0.05);HPA-5与贵州省黔东南州苗族、中国汉族、新疆柯尔克孜族、海南黎族、淅江畲族、广西瑶族、美国白人相比较均差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 贵州省侗族献血人群HPA-1~5系统基因具有独特的分布频率和群体结构特点,且不配合率较高,应建立本地区的血小板献血者基因分型数据库.

  16. Analysis on Present Survey of Shallow Groundwater Resources and Evaluation of Zheng Dong New District in Zhengzhou%郑州市郑东新区浅层地下水资源现状调查及开采潜力分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王帅; 王武涛; 吕小凡

    2015-01-01

    For reasonable development of groundwater resources,to reduce the negative influence of groundwater exploita-tion on the environment,timely and effectively protection of geological and ecological environment,and to realize the sustain-able development and utilization of groundwater resources,the investigation and evaluation of groundwater in Zhengdong new area in Zhenzhou has been carried out. According to the hydrogeological mapping,geophysical prospecting,drilling,testing and other means,the initial identification is shown the survey area spatial distribution,lithology,aquifer thicKness,water rich of aquifer etc. . The Conclusion for the shallow water by the Yellow River side infiltration recharge is obvious,resource re-serves,regulation and storage capacity is strong,is the main mining groundwater zone,the area along the Yellow River can be in the planning and construction of large-scale water source,has the great value of development and utilization.%为合理开发地下水资源,减少开采地下水给环境带来的消极影响,开展有效保护地质和生态环境,实现地下水资源可持续开发利用,郑州市郑东新区开展地下水资源调查评价。通过水文地质测绘、物探、钻探、试验等手段,初步查明调查区内含水层空间分布、岩性、厚度、含水层富水性等。结论认为:浅层水受黄河侧渗补给明显,资源储量大,调蓄能力强,是区内地下水的主要开采层段,在沿黄地区可规划建设大型水源地,具有较大的开发利用价值。确定郑东新区后备水源地位于中牟县东漳———狼城岗一带的黄河滩地区。

  17. Flow unit division based on reservoir architecture:taking Fuyu-Yangdachengzi Formation in blocks Dong5-9 of Fuyu Oilfield as an example%基于储层构型的流动单元划分--以扶余油田东5-9区块扶杨油层为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋平; 吕明胜; 王国亭

    2013-01-01

      为了揭示扶余油田扶杨油层砂体分布和流体渗流规律,采用层次分析方法,将扶余油层划分成复合河道、单河道、河道内加积体等构型要素,将杨大城子油层划分成河道、点坝、点坝内侧积体等构型要素,并归纳总结了不同构型界面同渗流屏障关系。在此基础上,综合孔隙度、渗透率、流动分层指标(FZI)、剩余油饱和度、水驱指数等参数,采用聚类方法,将扶杨油层划分成4类流动单元,并得到各自的判别标准。结合储层构型,识别出5种流动单元成因类型。油田动态数据和划分流动单元关系表明,流动单元能够有效预测产能、指示剩余油分布和砂体动用效果。%Aiming at revealing the distribution of sandbody and the rule of fluid flowing in the Fuyu -Yang-dachengzi Formation of the Fuyu Oilfield, the Fuyu Formation was divided into compound channel, single chan-nel and accretion, and the Yangdachengzi Formation was divided into single channel, point bar and lateral accre-tion through hierarchical analysis. The relationship between architecture surfaces and flow barriers was summa-rized. Based on parameters such as porosity, permeability, FZI, remaining oil saturation and water driving in-dex, four types of flow units with their own judging standard were classified as to the Fuyu-Yangdachengzi For-mation. Combining with reservoir architecture, there were five genetic types of flow unit. The relationship be-tween flow unit and dynamic data demonstrated that the flow unit could forecast productivity, instruct the distri-bution of remaining oil and the effectiveness of producing.

  18. 内江市东兴区2014年婴幼儿、儿童碘缺乏病指标监测结果分析%The result analysis of infant s and children's iodine deficiency disease indicators in 2014, DongXing district ,NeiJiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑显慧

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解内江市东兴区碘缺乏病状况及防治措施落实情况,为制定持续巩固消除碘缺乏病目标的措施提供科学依据.方法:对8-10岁儿童进行甲状腺检查、尿碘和盐碘检测、对0-2岁婴幼儿进行尿碘检测,并对检查及检测结果进行分析.结果:401名8~10岁儿童B超和触诊法检查甲状腺肿大率小于5%;53名8~10岁儿童尿碘检测值中位数在100~199μg/L之间,尿碘检测值小于50μg/L的比例低于20%;53名0~2岁婴幼儿尿碘检测值中位数大于100μg/L,尿碘检测值小于50μg/L的比例低于20%; 214份儿童家中合格碘盐食用率96.26%,大于90%,未检测到非碘盐,碘盐覆盖率100%.结论:东兴区保持消除碘缺乏病状态,但在碘缺乏病防治的同时,要防止碘过量对人体造成的危害.%Objective: To understand iodine deficiency disease situation and the implementation of preventive measures in Dongxing District Neijiang City, provide a scientific basis for the development of measures to eliminate iodine deficiency disorders continue to consolidate the objectives. Methods: For 8 to 10year-olds thyroid examination, urinary iodine and salt iodine test, for 0 to 2 year-olds infant urinary iodine test, and to analyze the inspection and test results. Results: 401 children aged 8 to 10, B-ultrasound and palpation examination goiter rate of less than 5 percent; 53 children aged 8 to 10, the median urinary iodine detected value between 100 to 199μg / L, urinary iodine detected value less than 50μg / L rate of less than 20 percent; 53 0-2 years old infants to detect urinary iodine median value is greater than 100μg / L, urinary iodine detected value is less than the proportion of 50μg / L is less than 20 percent; 214 children at home iodized salt consumption qualified rate of 96.26 percent, more than 90 percent, without detected non-iodized salt, iodized salt coverage rate of 100 percent. Conclusion: Dongxing District holding elimination of iodine deficiency disease state, but it necessary to prevent the harm to humans caused by iodine excess ,at the same time in prevention of iodine deficiency disorders.

  19. 中越边境民族地区社会和谐发展制约因素及其对策探析——以麻栗坡县猛硐乡为例%Constraints on the Harmonious Development of the Sino-Vietnam Border Ethnic Areas and Countermeasures: A Case Study of Meng-Dong Town of Malipo County

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李锦发

    2012-01-01

    中越边境民族地区的和谐发展存在诸多制约因素,诸如边贸互市规模小、新农村建设推进困难、经济落后、教育落后等等。改变这种面貌,需要多方面、多层次的支持与帮助。%There are many constraints on the harmonious development of the Sino-Vietnam border ethnic areas, such as small-scale cross-border market, difficulties in pushing forward new countryside construction, and economic and educational backwardness. Multi-perspective and multi-level supports and helps are needed in Change current state.

  20. The concept of ‘God granting power to emperors' and the imperial autocracy --New ideas on Dong Zhongshu's law thoughts%"屈君伸天"与皇权专制--董仲舒法律思想新论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王怡

    2001-01-01

    本文重新诠释了董仲舒的思想对于皇权专制主义的双重影响,指出其思想中"屈君而伸天"的一面如何在理论上和历史事实上带来了对于皇权的适当制衡,使儒家一方面意识形态化,一方面官僚体制化,从而形成与君主制之间的基本对立.并重点从董仲舒法律思想的五个方面(天人感应论、三统循环论、灾异论、三纲五常论、君臣离合论)进行了分析.

  1. 毛泽东、邓小平、江泽民发展观比较--时代的转换与中国社会的发展%A Comparative Case Study on the Development Theory of Mao Ze-dong, Deng Xiao-ping and Jiang Ze-min

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔冬

    2002-01-01

    任何科学的发展理论都是特定时代的产物,都是对特定时代主题的正确把握.本文试图从时代特征分析入手,对毛泽东、邓小平、江泽民的发展观进行比较研究,认为三者的发展观都是对各自时代特征的科学总结,对各自所处的时代来说,无疑都是正确的.

  2. 《天圣令》复原唐《田令》中的"私田"问题——与何东先生商榷%The problem of"private land"in The Decrees on Land of the Tang dynasty reinstated from The Tiansheng Decrees-A discussion with Mr.He Dong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿元骊

    2008-01-01

    复原是近年来新发现的重要史料,如何理解其中出现的"私田",关系到唐代是否存在土地私人所有的重要问题,更牵涉到"均田制"研究的诸多方面.何东、杨际平的相关文章,就是关于"私田"性质的再讨论.在辨析何氏文章的基础上,进一步深入分析唐等相关史料,能够得出唐代存在土地私有权的结论.唐代没有土地私有权,或者把土地私有权拆分为体制内有、体制外没有等观点,皆不能成立.

  3. Discussing on the Thought, "Explaining the Human Nature according to Qi" Proposed by Dong Zhongshu%简论董仲舒“顺气言性”的思想及其对文学批评的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨星丽

    2012-01-01

    董仲舒提出的"顺气言性"思想,重在以天的阴阳之气言人性,确立了性情的形上地位,肯定了情的正面价值,主张正视人有性有情的事实。这种思想不仅是哲学成果,在文学批评上也有积极影响,它为确立感性主体,打开感性、感情世界产生了极为深刻的意义。%Dang Zhongshu proposed the thought, "explaining the human nature according to Qi", which was to explain the human nature through Yin and Yang of Heaven. The thought established Metaphysical position of temperament, sure positive values of felling, and it aimed to face the fact that human had nature and felling. It is not only the fruit of philosophy, but also produced posi- tive meaning. It produced prolonged affection to establish the emotional subject and open the felling world.

  4. Tracking Theory Building and Use Trends in Selected LIS Journals: More Research is Needed. A review of: Kim, Sung‐Jin, and Dong Y. Jeong. “An Analysis of the Development and Use of Theory in Library and Information Science Research Articles.” Library & Information Science Research 28.4 (Sept. 2006: 548‐62.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carol Perryman

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective ‐ The authors measure theory incidents occurring in four LIS journals between 1984‐2003 in order to examine their number and quality and to analyze them by topic. A third objective, only identified later in the text of the study, was to compare theory development and use between Korean and international journals. Research questions asked include whether LIS has its own theoretical base as a discipline, and what characteristics the theoretical framework has.Design – Bibliometric study.Setting – Journal issues selected from four LIS journals for the time span from 1984 ‐ 2003.Subjects – Two international journals, Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (JASIST and Library and Information Science Research (LISR were selected based on their high ranking in the Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI impact factors. Two Korean journals, Journal of the Korean Society for Information Management (JKSIM and Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science (JKSLIS were selected.Methods ‐ After having determined a definition of theory, and identifying different levels of theory, the authors set up rules for the identification of theory incidents, which are defined as “events in which the author contributed to the development or the use of theory in his/her own paper” (550. Content analysis of 1661 research articles was performed to measure theory incidents according to working definitions. Interrater reliability was ensured by conducting independent coding for “subfield classification, identification of theory incidents, and quality measurement” (555,using a sample of 199 articles (random selection not specified, achieving 94‐97% interrater reliability. Incidents, once identified, were evaluated for quality using Dubin’s “efficiency of law” criteria, involving measures of relatedness, directionality, co‐variation, rate of change, and “profundity,” defined as the depth to which theory is incorporated into the research study.Main Results ‐ 21.79% (n=362 of the articles contained theory incidents that were analyzed and evaluated. Trend measurement indicated an overall increase, although a slight decrease was shown in the year range 1993‐2003. International journals accounted for 61.33% of theory incidents, compared to 38.67% for the Korean journals. T‐testing showed that differences in means between Korean and international journals were not statistically significant. Topical theory areas were ranked by frequency. The top five areas were shown to be nearly identical between Korean and international journals. ANOVA was performed with significant results in the difference between efficiency ratings. Conclusion – The authors find that the overall proportion of theory incidents including both theory development and use increased through the 20‐year time span examined, and that LIS has established its own theoretical framework based upon the frequency of incidents.

  5. Control rod cluster drop time anomaly Guandong nuclear power station (Daya bay) and Electricite de France nuclear power stations (1450 MWe N4 Series); Anomalie de temps de chute des grappes de controle centrale de guang dong (daya bay) et centrales d`electricite de France (Palier N4-1450 MWE)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Olivera, J.J.; Naury, S.; Tricot, N.; Tran Dai, P.; Gama, J.M.

    1996-12-31

    The anomaly of control rod cluster drop time revealed at Guandong Nuclear Power Station in Daya Bay and in the Chooz B1 pilot unit for the N4 series, led to the replacement of the M1 type control rod cluster guide tubes with 1300 MWe PWR type guide tubes, adapted to the geometry of the Guandong reactors and the 1450 MWe reactors of the N4 series. The comparison of the drop times obtained with the 1300 MWe type control rod cluster guide 1300 MWe type control rod cluster guide tubes gave satisfactory results. These met the safety criterion for N4 series control rod cluster drop times (2.15 under hot shutdown conditions). The drop time tests which will be carried out in middle of and at the end of cycle 1 of Chooz B1 should make it possible to finally validate the solution already successfully implemented at Guandong. However, this anomaly has revealed the limits of representativeness of the experimental test loops with regard to the real reactor configuration. In view of this, it has been deemed necessary to ask Electricite de France to pursue its analysis both on the understanding of the phenomena which led to this anomaly and on the limits of the representativeness of the experimental test loops. (authors).

  6. Landscape and Spatial Structure Of Dong Ethnic Group Traditional Village---A Case Study on Gaoding Sanjiang%侗族传统村落地景与空间结构研究--以广西三江高定侗寨为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈容娟

    2015-01-01

    The multiple landscapes contain “a door , a bridge , a temple , a forest , two stockades , a double creeks , three tracks , seven floors and seven wells” in Dongzhai Gaoding ,which constructs an unique multilevel and multidimensional spatial structure .On the one hand , the village gate , wind-rain bridge , streams and stone paths and other landscapes separate the Human world and Non-human world , which makes people and ghosts stay in their places;On the other hand , flying mountain temples and camphor forests as gods walled places to reside with the male form corresponding to the male world and the spirit world . Finally , the isolation of the village gate , camphor forests and wind-rain bridges , the differentiation of floors , the integration of stone roads all have made the villages spatial structure of Gaoding form a triple concentric structure like kaleidoscope .%高定侗寨“一门一桥一庙一林双寨双溪三径七楼七井”的多重地景构建了独特的多层次多维度的空间结构。一方面,寨门、风雨桥、小溪和石径等地景将阴界和阳界进行分离,让人和鬼各居其所、秩序分明;另一方面,飞山庙和樟树林作为神灵的居住场所与阳寨形成阳界与神界的对应。最后,寨门、樟树林和风雨桥的分隔、鼓楼的分化和石径的融合使得高定侗寨的村落空间结构形成一个万花筒状的三重同心圆结构。

  7. Solidification/stabilization of toxic metals in calcium aluminate cement matrices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Navarro-Blasco, I.; Duran, A.; Sirera, R.; Fernández, J.M.; Alvarez, J.I., E-mail: jalvarez@unav.es

    2013-09-15

    Highlights: • Reliable encapsulation and effective sorption of Pb, Zn and Cu on CAC was proved. • Cu and Pb were fully retained in the CAC mortar, while Zn was retained in 99.99%. •A maximum sorption capacity ca. 60 mg/g CAC was attained for Cu. • Three different PSD patterns were established as a function of XRD phase assemblage. • Some metal-loaded mortars achieved suitable mechanical strengths for landfilling. -- Abstract: The ability of calcium aluminate cement (CAC) to encapsulate toxic metals (Pb, Zn and Cu) was assessed under two curing conditions. Changes in the consistency and in the setting time were found upon the addition of the nitrates of the target metals. Both Pb and Cu caused a delay in CAC hydration, while Zn accelerated the stiffening of the mortar. Compressive strengths of the metal-doped mortars, when initially cured at 60 °C/100% RH, were comparable with that of the free-metal mortar. Three different pore size distribution patterns were identified and related to the compounds identified by XRD and SEM. Sorbent capacities of CAC for the toxic metals were excellent: a total uptake was achieved for up to 3 wt.% loading of the three metals. In this way, CAC mortars were perfectly able to encapsulate the toxic metals, allowing the use of CAC for waste management as proved by the leaching tests.

  8. Coronary artery calcification scoring in low-dose ungated CT screening for lung cancer: interscan agreement.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jacobs, P.C.; Isgum, I.; Gondrie, M.J.; Mali, W.P.Th.; Ginneken, B. van; Prokop, M.; Graaf, Y. van der

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: In previous studies detection of coronary artery calcification (CAC) with low-dose ungated MDCT performed for lung cancer screening has been compared with detection with cardiac CT. We evaluated the interscan agreement of CAC scores from two consecutive low-dose ungated MDCT examinations.

  9. Coronary Artery Calcification Scoring in Low-Dose Ungated CT Screening for Lung Cancer : Interscan Agreement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jacobs, Peter C. A.; Isgum, Ivana; Gondrie, Martijn J. A.; Mali, Willem P. Th. M.; van Ginneken, Bram; Prokop, Mathias; van der Graaf, Yolanda

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVE. In previous studies detection of coronary artery calcification (CAC) with low-dose ungated MDCT performed for lung cancer screening has been compared with detection with cardiac CT. We evaluated the interscan agreement of CAC scores from two consecutive low-dose ungated MDCT examinations.

  10. Relationship between Conventional Cardiovascular Disease Risk Assessment and Coronary Artery Calcification in Group Exposed to Inorganic Dusts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between the coronary artery calcification (CAC) and the conventional cardiovascular disease risk assessment (CCDRA). This study included 101 subjects who were exposed to inorganic dusts and underwent CAC scoring by multidetector CT (MDCT), laboratory tests, and a standardized questionnaire for CCDRA, after being approved from the Institutional Review Board and providing informed consent. All subjects were divided as either non-calcified group (< 1, 55.4%) or calcified group (≥ 1, 44.6%) from total CAC, and evaluated by CCDRA, such as Framingham risk score (FRS) and National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) area of FRS was generated for predicting CAC risk using SPSS program (ver. 19.0, Chicago, IL, USA). Total CAC was significantly correlated with FRS (r = 0.283, p = 0.004). Crude odds ratio for CAC risk was 3.64 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.39-9.52] in FRS ≥ 20%, and 2.87 (95% CI 1.24-6.65) in the high risk group of NCEP. Subjects with pneumoconiosis showed higher values of CAC (p 0.541) and FRS (p = 0.035) scores compared with subjects without pneumoconiosis. ROC area of FRS was 0.69 (95% CI 0.59-0.79) with a cutoff point of 13.5%. CAC measured MDCT is significantly correlated with FRS than other CCDRA

  11. Circulating angiogenic cell function is inhibited by cortisol in vitro and associated with psychological stress and cortisol in vivo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aschbacher, Kirstin; Derakhshandeh, Ronak; Flores, Abdiel J; Narayan, Shilpa; Mendes, Wendy Berry; Springer, Matthew L

    2016-05-01

    Psychological stress and glucocorticoids are associated with heightened cardiovascular disease risk. We investigated whether stress or cortisol would be associated with reduced circulating angiogenic cell (CAC) function, an index of impaired vascular repair. We hypothesized that minority-race individuals who experience threat in interracial interactions would exhibit reduced CAC function, and that this link might be explained by cortisol. To test this experimentally, we recruited 106 African American participants for a laboratory interracial interaction task, in which they received socially evaluative feedback from Caucasian confederates. On a separate day, a subset of 32 participants (mean age=26years, 47% female) enrolled in a separate biological substudy and provided blood samples for CAC isolation and salivary samples to quantify the morning peak in cortisol (the cortisol awakening response, CAR). CAC function was quantified using cell culture assays of migration to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and secretion of VEGF into the culture medium. Heightened threat in response to an interracial interaction and trait anxiety in vivo were both associated with poorer CAC migratory function in vitro. Further, threat and poorer sustained attention during the interracial interaction were associated with a higher CAR, which in turn, was related to lower CAC sensitivity to glucocorticoids. In vitro, higher doses of cortisol impaired CAC migratory function and VEGF protein secretion. The glucocorticoid receptor antagonist RU486 reversed this functional impairment. These data identify a novel, neuroendocrine pathway by which psychological stress may reduce CAC function, with potential implications for cardiovascular health.

  12. Coronary artery calcification detected in lung cancer screening predicts cardiovascular death

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Thomas; Køber, Lars; Abdulla, Jawdat;

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: It remains unknown whether non-electrocardiogram-gated coronary artery calcium (CAC) score in lung cancer screening provides incremental prognostic value. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of CAC in the Danish Lung Cancer Screening Trial (DLCST), in addition t...

  13. Renal Function Is Related to Severity of Coronary Artery Calcification in Elderly Persons : The Rotterdam Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    el Barzouhi, Abdelilah; Elias-Smale, Suzette; Dehghan, Abbas; Vliegenthart-Proenca, Rozemarijn; Oudkerk, Matthijs; Hofman, Albert; Witteman, Jacqueline C. M.

    2011-01-01

    Background: Coronary artery calcification (CAC) has been proposed to be the underlying mechanism of the increased risk of coronary heart disease with reductions in glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Since renal function diminishes with aging we examined the association between GFR and CAC in the Rott

  14. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-DRER-26-0161 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-DRER-26-0161 ref|NP_384590.1| acyl-CoA synthase [Sinorhizobium meliloti 1021] emb|CAC29432.2| long...-chain acyl-CoA synthetase [Sinorhizobium meliloti] emb|CAC41921.1| PROBABLE LONG-CHAIN-

  15. Stationary digital chest tomosynthesis for coronary artery calcium scoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Gongting; Wang, Jiong; Potuzko, Marci; Harman, Allison; Pearce, Caleb; Shan, Jing; Lee, Yueh Z.; Zhou, Otto; Lu, Jianping

    2016-03-01

    The coronary artery calcium score (CACS) measures the buildup of calcium on the coronary artery wall and has been shown to be an important predictor of the risk of coronary artery diseases (CAD). Currently CACS is measured using CT, though the relatively high cost and high radiation dose has limited its adoption as a routine screening procedure. Digital Chest Tomosynthesis (DCT), a low dose and low cost alternative to CT, and has been shown to achieve 90% of sensitivity of CT in lung disease screening. However commercial DCT requires long scanning time and cannot be adapted for high resolution gated cardiac imaging, necessary for CACS. The stationary DCT system (s- DCT), developed in our lab, has the potential to significantly shorten the scanning time and enables high resolution cardiac gated imaging. Here we report the preliminary results of using s-DCT to estimate the CACS. A phantom heart model was developed and scanned by the s-DCT system and a clinical CT in a phantom model with realistic coronary calcifications. The adapted fan-beam volume reconstruction (AFVR) method, developed specifically for stationary tomosynthesis systems, is used to obtain high resolution tomosynthesis images. A trained cardiologist segmented out the calcifications and the CACS was obtained. We observed a strong correlation between the tomosynthesis derived CACS and CT CACS (r2 = 0.88). Our results shows s-DCT imaging has the potential to estimate CACS, thus providing a possible low cost and low dose imaging protocol for screening and monitoring CAD.

  16. Goods and services from the activities of the Constituyentes Atomic Center

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Technologies developed and used at the Constituyentes Atomic Center (CAC) are applied in Argentina in different fields, such as seamless pipes industry, non-destructive testing and quality assurance, food industry, microalloyed steels, medicine, space activities, air pollution studies, etc. The CAC has also a wide program of technical assistance to the industry

  17. Impact of iterative reconstruction on CT coronary calcium quantification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kurata, Akira; Dharampal, Anoeshka; Dedic, Admir;

    2013-01-01

    We evaluated the influence of sinogram-affirmed iterative reconstruction (SAFIRE) on the coronary artery calcium (CAC) score by computed tomography (CT).......We evaluated the influence of sinogram-affirmed iterative reconstruction (SAFIRE) on the coronary artery calcium (CAC) score by computed tomography (CT)....

  18. 75 FR 28771 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; FAR Case 2009-027, Personal Identity Verification of Contractor...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-24

    ...: 9000-AL60 Federal Acquisition Regulation; FAR Case 2009-027, Personal Identity Verification of..., company name (if any), and ``FAR Case 2009-027'' on your attached document. Fax: 202-501-4067. Mail... over contractor CACs. A CAC is the DoD term for a Personal Identity Verification (PIV) card. A PIV...

  19. Relationship between Conventional Cardiovascular Disease Risk Assessment and Coronary Artery Calcification in Group Exposed to Inorganic Dusts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Won Jeong; Park, So Young [Occupational Lung Diseases Institute, KCOMWEL, Ansan (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-03-15

    The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between the coronary artery calcification (CAC) and the conventional cardiovascular disease risk assessment (CCDRA). This study included 101 subjects who were exposed to inorganic dusts and underwent CAC scoring by multidetector CT (MDCT), laboratory tests, and a standardized questionnaire for CCDRA, after being approved from the Institutional Review Board and providing informed consent. All subjects were divided as either non-calcified group (< 1, 55.4%) or calcified group ({>=} 1, 44.6%) from total CAC, and evaluated by CCDRA, such as Framingham risk score (FRS) and National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) area of FRS was generated for predicting CAC risk using SPSS program (ver. 19.0, Chicago, IL, USA). Total CAC was significantly correlated with FRS (r = 0.283, p = 0.004). Crude odds ratio for CAC risk was 3.64 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.39-9.52] in FRS {>=} 20%, and 2.87 (95% CI 1.24-6.65) in the high risk group of NCEP. Subjects with pneumoconiosis showed higher values of CAC (p 0.541) and FRS (p = 0.035) scores compared with subjects without pneumoconiosis. ROC area of FRS was 0.69 (95% CI 0.59-0.79) with a cutoff point of 13.5%. CAC measured MDCT is significantly correlated with FRS than other CCDRA.

  20. Does coronary calcium scoring with a SCORE better predict significant coronary artery stenosis than without? Correlation with computed tomography coronary angiography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Durhan, Gamze; Hazirolan, Tuncay; Karcaaltincaba, Musturay; Akata, Deniz [Hacettepe University Medical School, Department of Radiology, Ankara (Turkey); Sunman, Hamza; Aytemir, Kudret [Hacettepe University Medical School, Department of Cardiology, Ankara (Turkey); Karakaya, Jale; Karaagaoglu, Ergun [Hacettepe University, Department of Biostatistics, Ankara (Turkey)

    2014-12-03

    To determine effectiveness of coronary artery calcium score (CACS) alone and combined with Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) in adult patients for significant coronary artery stenosis by using computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) as reference standard. Two thousand twenty-one patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) underwent CACS test and CTCA. Patients were examined with dual-source CT and were grouped according to their age, gender, CACS, and estimated SCORE risk. Coronary plaque existence and degree of stenosis were assessed with CTCA. Sensitivity, specificity, and ROC curves were analyzed. CACS was the single independent variable in estimating relative risk of critical stenosis and had superior outcome when compared with SCORE risk in logistic regression and ROC curve. Area under the ROC curve was greatest in the interval between 50-59 years. When SCORE was combined with CACS in patients with zero CACS, percentage of significant stenosis increased from 1.4% to 7.0% in patients with high or very high SCORE risk, and decreased to 0.9 % in patients with low or moderate SCORE risk. CACS combination with SCORE risk predicts coronary artery stenosis. When CACS is zero, CTCA can be performed in patients with high or very high SCORE risk. (orig.)

  1. High coronary artery calcium score affects clinical outcome despite normal stress myocardial perfusion imaging and normal left ventricular ejection fraction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Claus Juul; Andersen, Kim F; Zerahn, Bo

    2013-01-01

    Normal myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) indicates a low risk for cardiac death and new ischaemic events. However, the impact of normal MPI combined with a high coronary artery calcium score (CACS) is not clear. The aims of this study were to evaluate the risk of severely elevated CACS and to id...

  2. Longitudinal Relationships among Coronary Artery Calcification, Serum Phosphorus, and Kidney Function

    OpenAIRE

    Tuttle, Katherine R.; Short, Robert A.

    2009-01-01

    Background and objectives: Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is common in advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD), yet its onset and time course are uncertain. The study objective was to assess longitudinal relationships among CAC, kidney function, and traditional and putative cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors.

  3. Metabolic syndrome and coronary artery calcification:a community-based natural population study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAO Hui-li; CHEN Xiong-biao; LU Jin-guo; HOU Zhi-hui; FANG Xiang; GAO Yang; YU Fang-fang

    2013-01-01

    Background Little is known about the influence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) on coronary artery calcification (CAC) in China.In this article,we aimed to explore the distribution of CAC in populations with and without MetS,and estimate the influence of MetS and its components on CAC in a community-based population of Beijing.Methods A total of 1647 local residents of Beijing,age 40-77 years,were recruited for a cardiovascular risk factors survey and were determined fasting plasma glucose (FPG),blood lipids,and 64 multi-detector computed tomography (64-MDCT)coronary artery calcium score (CACS) measurement (Agatston scoring).The distribution of CAC was described,and the influence of MetS components on CAC was evaluated.Results In this population,the prevalence and extent of CAC increased with increasing age and both were higher in MetS subjects compared to nonMetS subjects (all P <0.05),with the exception of those older than 65 years old.The risk of CAC increased with increasing numbers of MetS components,and the odds ratios for predicting positive CAC in subjects with 1,2,3,and->4 MetS components were 1.60,1.84,2.12,and 3.12,respectively (all P <0.05).Elevated blood pressure,elevated FPG,elevated triglycerides,and overweight increased the risk of CAC,yielding odds ratios of 2.64,1.67,1.32,and 1.37,respectively (all P <0.05).Conclusions In the Beijing community-based population,MetS increases the risk of CAC.The risk of CAC increases with increasing numbers of MetS components.Not only the number,but also the variety of risk factors for MetS is correlated with the risk of CAC.Elevated blood pressure,hyperglycemia,hypertriglyceridemia and overweight increase the risk of CAC.

  4. Call Admission Control in Mobile Cellular Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Ghosh, Sanchita

    2013-01-01

    Call Admission Control (CAC) and Dynamic Channel Assignments (DCA) are important decision-making problems in mobile cellular communication systems. Current research in mobile communication considers them as two independent problems, although the former greatly depends on the resulting free channels obtained as the outcome of the latter. This book provides a solution to the CAC problem, considering DCA as an integral part of decision-making for call admission. Further, current technical resources ignore movement issues of mobile stations and fluctuation in network load (incoming calls) in the control strategy used for call admission. In addition, the present techniques on call admission offers solution globally for the entire network, instead of considering the cells independently.      CAC here has been formulated by two alternative approaches. The first approach aimed at handling the uncertainty in the CAC problem by employing fuzzy comparators.  The second approach is concerned with formulation of CAC ...

  5. Solidification/stabilization of toxic metals in calcium aluminate cement matrices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarro-Blasco, I; Duran, A; Sirera, R; Fernández, J M; Alvarez, J I

    2013-09-15

    The ability of calcium aluminate cement (CAC) to encapsulate toxic metals (Pb, Zn and Cu) was assessed under two curing conditions. Changes in the consistency and in the setting time were found upon the addition of the nitrates of the target metals. Both Pb and Cu caused a delay in CAC hydration, while Zn accelerated the stiffening of the mortar. Compressive strengths of the metal-doped mortars, when initially cured at 60 °C/100% RH, were comparable with that of the free-metal mortar. Three different pore size distribution patterns were identified and related to the compounds identified by XRD and SEM. Sorbent capacities of CAC for the toxic metals were excellent: a total uptake was achieved for up to 3 wt.% loading of the three metals. In this way, CAC mortars were perfectly able to encapsulate the toxic metals, allowing the use of CAC for waste management as proved by the leaching tests.

  6. The Association Between Serum Magnesium Concentrations and Coronary Artery Calcification Scores in Astronauts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Betcher, Jenna; Zwart, Sara; Smith, Scott M.

    2016-01-01

    Magnesium is a natural calcium antagonist, and is inversely associated with coronary heart disease, cardiovascular mortality rates, and vascular calcification. Coronary artery calcification score is a tool used to evaluate the prognosis of coronary artery disease in individuals. Higher magnesium intake is associated with lower coronary artery calcification scores (CACS), and recent studies have found a significant inverse relationship between serum magnesium concentrations and CACS in Korean and Mexican-mestizo populations. The correlation between serum magnesium concentrations and CACS is not well researched, so our aim was to examine this relationship in astronauts. We found that a higher serum magnesium concentration is significantly related to a higher coronary artery calcification score (p=.0217), and that there is a significant difference in magnesium concentrations of subjects who have a CACS greater than 100 and a CACS less than 100.

  7. An Update on the Utility of Coronary Artery Calcium Scoring for Coronary Heart Disease and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Prediction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kianoush, Sina; Al Rifai, Mahmoud; Cainzos-Achirica, Miguel; Umapathi, Priya; Graham, Garth; Blumenthal, Roger S; Nasir, Khurram; Blaha, Michael J

    2016-03-01

    Estimating cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk is necessary for determining the potential net benefit of primary prevention pharmacotherapy. Risk estimation relying exclusively on traditional CVD risk factors may misclassify risk, resulting in both undertreatment and overtreatment. Coronary artery calcium (CAC) scoring personalizes risk prediction through direct visualization of calcified coronary atherosclerotic plaques and provides improved accuracy for coronary heart disease (CHD) or CVD risk estimation. In this review, we discuss the most recent studies on CAC, which unlike historical studies, focus sharply on clinical application. We describe the MESA CHD risk calculator, a recently developed CAC-based 10-year CHD risk estimator, which can help guide preventive therapy allocation by better identifying both high- and low-risk individuals. In closing, we discuss calcium density, regional distribution of CAC, and extra-coronary calcification, which represent the future of CAC and CVD risk assessment research and may lead to further improvements in risk prediction.

  8. Corrosion Resistance of Calcium Aluminate Cement Concrete Exposed to a Chloride Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ki Yong Ann

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The present study concerns a development of calcium aluminate cement (CAC concrete to enhance the durability against an externally chemically aggressive environment, in particular, chloride-induced corrosion. To evaluate the inhibition effect and concrete properties, CAC was partially mixed with ordinary Portland cement (OPC, ranging from 5% to 15%, as a binder. As a result, it was found that an increase in the CAC in binder resulted in a dramatic decrease in the setting time of fresh concrete. However, the compressive strength was lower, ranging about 20 MPa, while OPC indicated about 30–35 MPa at an equivalent age. When it comes to chloride transport, there was only marginal variation in the diffusivity of chloride ions. The corrosion resistance of CAC mixture was significantly enhanced: its chloride threshold level for corrosion initiation exceeded 3.0% by weight of binder, whilst OPC and CAC concrete indicated about 0.5%–1.0%.

  9. Discordance between Risk Factors and Coronary Artery Calcium: Implications for Guiding Treatment Strategies in Primary Prevention Settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joshi, Parag H; Nasir, Khurram

    2015-01-01

    Preventive efforts including smoking cessation campaigns, increased awareness of healthy lifestyle habits, risk factor modification, and the appropriate use of statins have been successful in reducing cardiovascular mortality over the last decade. The coronary artery calcium (CAC) scan has reliably been an additive predictor to traditional risk estimation methods, partly because of the heterogeneity between risk factor burden and atherosclerotic burden. The focus of this review is to highlight this heterogeneity by focusing on groups in which risk factor burden and subclinical atherosclerosis burden, as measured by CAC, are discordant. In high-risk groups with 0 CAC, the event rates are consistently low; in low-risk groups with elevated CAC (CAC>100), the event rates are consistently high. We conclude with our clinical perspective of the considerable heterogeneity between risk factors and atherosclerotic burden in the context of the 2013 ACC/AHA cholesterol treatment and risk assessment guidelines. PMID:25982215

  10. Calcification of coronary arteries and abdominal aorta in relation to traditional and novel risk factors of atherosclerosis in hemodialysis patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pencak Przemysław

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Process of accelerated atherosclerosis specific for uremia increases cardiovascular risk in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD and may be influenced by the different structure of arteries. The study assesses the influence of traditional and novel risk factors on calcification of coronary arteries (CAC and abdominal aorta (AAC in hemodialysis patients (HD. Methods CAC and AAC were assessed by CT in 104 prevalent adult HD and 14 apparently healthy subjects with normal kidney function (control group. Mineral metabolism parameters, plasma levels of FGF-23, MGP, osteoprotegerin, osteopontin, fetuin-A, CRP, IL-6 and TNF-α were measured. Results CAC and AAC (calcification score ≥ 1 were found in 76 (73.1% and 83 (79.8% HD respectively, more frequent than in the control group. In 7 HD with AAC no CAC were detected. The frequency and severity of calcifications increased with age. Both CAC and AAC were more frequently detected in diabetics (OR = 17.37 and 13.00, respectively. CAC score was significantly greater in males. CAC and AAC scores were correlated significantly with pack-years of smoking and plasma osteoprotegrin levels. However the independent contribution of plasma osteoprotegerin levels was not confirmed in multiple regression analysis. Age (OR = 1.13 and hemodialysis vintage (OR = 1.14 were the independent risk factor favoring the occurrence of CAC; while age (OR = 1.20 was the only predictor of AAC occurrence in HD. Conclusions 1. AAC precedes the occurrence of CAC in HD patients. 2. The exposition to uremic milieu and systemic chronic microinflammation has more deteriorative effect on the CAC than the AAC.

  11. Circulating microRNAs correlated with the level of coronary artery calcification in symptomatic patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Wei; Ling, Shukuan; Sun, Weijia; Liu, Tong; Li, Yuheng; Zhong, Guohui; Zhao, Dingsheng; Zhang, Pengfei; Song, Jinping; Jin, Xiaoyan; Xu, Zi; Song, Hailin; Li, Qi; Liu, Shujuan; Chai, Meng; Dai, Qinyi; He, Yi; Fan, Zhanming; Zhou, Yu Jie; Li, Yingxian

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to find the circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) co-related with the severity of coronary artery calcification (CAC), and testify whether the selected miRNAs could reflect the obstructive coronary artery disease in symptomatic patients. Patients with chest pain and moderated risk for coronary artery disease (CAD) were characterized with coronary artery calcium score (CACS) from cardiac computed tomography (CT). We analyzed plasma miRNA levels of clinical matched 11 CAC (CACS > 100) and 6 non-CAC (CACS = 0) subjects by microarray profile. Microarray analysis identified 34 differentially expressed miRNAs between CAC and non CAC groups. Eight miRNAs (miR-223, miR-3135b, miR-133a-3p, miR-2861, miR-134, miR-191-3p, miR-3679-5p, miR-1229 in CAC patients) were significantly increased in CAC plasma in an independent clinical matched cohort. Four miRNAs (miR-2861, 134, 1229 and 3135b) were correlated with the degree of CAC. Validation test in angiographic cohort showed that miR-134, miR-3135b and miR-2861 were significantly changed in patients with obstructive CAD . We identified three significantly upregulated circulating miRNAs (miR-134, miR-3135b and 2861) correlated with CAC while detected obstructive coronary disease in symptomatic patients. PMID:26537670

  12. Compost de ave de corral como componente de sustratos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena Alejandra Barbaro¹

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available El sustrato para cultivo es un material que colocado en un contenedor permite el anclaje del sistema radicular, proporcionando agua y nutrientes. Entre los materiales empleados para formular sustratos se encuentran los compost. Entre ellos el compost de cama de ave de corral (CAC, elaborado en base al estiércol de aves mezclado con los materiales que forman su lecho. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar dos compost de CAC como componente de sustrato, mediante el desarrollo de plantas de Coral (Salvia splendens. Uno de los compost contenía cama de stud (CAC+S durante su compostaje. Se formularon sustratos con diferentes proporciones de compost de CAC, compost de corteza de pino y pinocha, luego fueron analizados física y químicamente. A las plantas cultivadas en cada sustrato se midió la longitud y el diámetro del tallo, peso fresco y seco de la parte aérea y radicular. La densidad, porosidad y capacidad de retención de agua de todos los sustratos fueron aceptables. El pH de ambos compost de CAC fue mayor a 6,3, y los valores de las mezclas se encontraron dentro del rango aceptable. Todos los sustratos superaron 1 dS m-1 (1+5 v/v, principalmente los formulados con compost de CAC+S, cuyo material puro contenía altos niveles salinos. Al disminuir el porcentaje de CAC en las mezclas, diminuyó la concentración de cada nutriente. Las plantas cultivadas en el sustrato comercial y en las mezclas con 20% de CAC fueron las que lograron los mayores pesos aéreos y radiculares, diámetro y longitud del tallo. Por lo tanto, el compost de ave de corral podría ser una alternativa viable como componente de sustrato si se lo utiliza hasta un 20%.

  13. Microparticle-Induced Coagulation Relates to Coronary Artery Atherosclerosis in Severe Aortic Valve Stenosis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Horn

    Full Text Available Circulating microparticles (MPs derived from endothelial cells and blood cells bear procoagulant activity and promote thrombin generation. Thrombin exerts proinflammatory effects mediating the progression of atherosclerosis. Aortic valve stenosis may represent an atherosclerosis-like process involving both the aortic valve and the vascular system. The aim of this study was to investigate whether MP-induced thrombin generation is related to coronary atherosclerosis and aortic valve calcification.In a cross-sectional study of 55 patients with severe aortic valve stenosis, we assessed the coronary calcification score (CAC as indicator of total coronary atherosclerosis burden, and aortic valve calcification (AVC by computed tomography. Thrombin-antithrombin complex (TATc levels were measured as a marker for thrombin formation. Circulating MPs were characterized by flow cytometry according to the expression of established surface antigens and by measuring MP-induced thrombin generation.Patients with CAC score below the median were classified as patients with low CAC, patients with CAC Score above the median as high CAC. In patients with high CAC compared to patients with low CAC we detected higher levels of TATc, platelet-derived MPs (PMPs, endothelial-derived MPs (EMPs and MP-induced thrombin generation. Increased level of PMPs and MP-induced thrombin generation were independent predictors for the severity of CAC. In contrast, AVC Score did not differ between patients with high and low CAC and did neither correlate with MPs levels nor with MP-induced thrombin generation.In patients with severe aortic valve stenosis MP-induced thrombin generation was independently associated with the severity of CAC but not AVC indicating different pathomechanisms involved in coronary artery and aortic valve calcification.

  14. Coronary artery calcium and exercise electrocardiogram as predictors of coronary events in asymptomatic adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grossman, Chagai; Ehrlich, Shay; Shemesh, Joseph; Koren-Morag, Nira; Grossman, Ehud

    2015-03-15

    Early identification of patients at risk for coronary heart disease is crucial to formulate effective preventive strategies. The elevated risk of coronary artery calcium (CAC) for coronary heart disease is well established. Our aim was to estimate the relative risk of abnormal exercise electrocardiography (Ex ECG) in the presence of CAC. During the year 2001, 566 asymptomatic subjects performed a treadmill exercise test and consented to perform an unenhanced computed tomography to assess CAC. Patients were followed until December 2012. The relative risk for coronary events (acute myocardial infarction, hospitalization for unstable angina or coronary catheterization that resulted in angioplasty or coronary artery bypass surgery), of abnormal Ex ECG and presence of CAC were analyzed. An abnormal Ex ECG was found in 71 subjects (12.5%), and CAC was found in 286 subjects (50.5%). During a mean follow-up of 6.5 ± 3.3 years, 35 subjects experienced a first coronary event. In those without CAC, the rate of coronary events was low (4 of 280; 1.4%) regardless of the Ex ECG results. Subjects with both CAC and abnormal Ex ECG had the highest rate of coronary events (13 of 39; 33%). The adjusted hazard ratio for coronary events, in subjects with CAC, was 5.16 (95% confidence interval 2.52 to 10.60) in those with abnormal Ex ECG compared with those with normal Ex ECG. In conclusion, in subjects with CAC, further risk stratification can be achieved by an Ex ECG, whereas in those without CAC, an Ex ECG has less additional value in predicting coronary events. PMID:25616536

  15. A head-to-head comparison of the coronary calcium score by computed tomography with myocardial perfusion imaging in predicting coronary artery disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mansour Almoudi; Zhong-Hua Sun

    2012-01-01

    Objectives The coronary artery calcium (CAC) score has been shown to predict future cardiac events. However the extent to which the added value of a CAC score to the diagnostic performance of myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) by single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is unclear. The purpose of this study is to investigate the correlation between CAC score and SPECT in patients with suspected coronary artery disease. Methods A retrospective review of the CAC scores by use of the Agatston calcium scoring method and cardiac SPECT diagnostic reports was conducted in 48 patients, who underwent both coronary computed tomography (CT) and SPECT examinations due to suspected coronary artery disease. A Pearson correlation test was used to determine the relation between CAC scores and MPI-SPECT assessments with regard to the evaluation of the extent of disease. Results Forty-seven percent of the patients had CAC scores more than 100, while 42% of these patients demonstrated abnormal, or probably abnormal, MPI-SPECT. Of the 23% of patients with a zero CAC score, only 7% had normal MPI-SPECT findings. No significant correlation was found between the CAC scores and MPISPECT assessments (r value ranged from 0.012 to 0.080), regardless of the degree of coronary calcification. Conclusions There is a lack of correlation between the CAC scores and the MPI-SPECT findings in the assessment of the extent of coronary artery disease. CAC scores and MPI-SPECT should be considered complementary approaches in the evaluation of patients with suspected coronary artery disease.

  16. Association between metabolic syndrome, smoking status and coronary artery calcification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Yun-Ah; Kang, Sung-Goo; Song, Sang-Wook; Rho, Jun-Seung; Kim, Eun-Kyung

    2015-01-01

    Coronary artery calcification (CAC), an indicator of coronary artery stenosis, is an independent risk factor of ischemic heart disease. Smoking increases the risk of metabolic syndrome (MS) and cardiovascular disease. Almost no previous studies have evaluated the combined effect of MS and smoking status on CAC. Therefore, in this study we examined the relationships between CAC, MS, and smoking. This study included 775 adult males without histories of cardiovascular disease who visited the Health Promotion Center at the University Hospital in Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea from January 2, 2010 to December 31, 2012. All subjects were screened for CAC by multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT). CAC increased significantly with age and body mass index (BMI). Among MS components, abdominal obesity and elevated fasting blood glucose were correlated with CAC. After adjusting for age and BMI, MS was associated with a 1.46-fold increase in CAC (95% CI:1.02-2.09), abdominal obesity was associated with a 1.45-fold increase (95% CI:1.04-2.04), elevated fasting blood glucose was associated with a 2-fold increase (95% CI:1.36-2.94), and MS and smoking combined were associated with 2.44-fold increase in CAC. Thus, the combination of smoking and MS had a greater impact on CAC than any single factor alone. MS is correlated with an increased risk of CAC, and a combination of MS and smoking is associated with even greater risk. These findings can be used to prevent cardiovascular disease in adults.

  17. PENILAIAN STATUS GIZI DENGAN PENYINARAN TELAPAK TANGAN DAN PERBANDINGAN DENGAN PENGUKURAN TINGGI BADAN

    OpenAIRE

    Basuki Budiman; Edwi Saraswati; Syarifudin Latinulu

    2012-01-01

    Radiografi telah lama digunakan untuk penilaian umur kronologis, pengukuran densitas tulang, penelitian genetika dan patologi osteoporosis. Perkembangan teknologi elektronika memungkinkan dibuat alat radiografi yang portable dan sangat aman dari efek radiasinya. Dengan menggunakan alat ini, dilakukan penilaian status energi protein dan membandingkannya dengan penelitian secara antropometris yang telah dikenal luas terutama tinggi badan. Penelitian ini melibatkan 161 anak usia 6-30 bulan yang ...

  18. STRATEGI KOMUNIKASI PEMASARAN BUKU TULIS SISWA MELALUI SOCIAL MEDIA DALAM PEMBENTUKAN BRAND AWARENESS (Analisis Deskriptif Kualitatif Strategi Komunikasi Pemasaran Buku Tulis Siswa melalui Twitter dalam Pembentukan Brand Awareness)

    OpenAIRE

    WIJAYA, LINDA ANDRIANA

    2014-01-01

    Media sosial dimanfaatkan oleh perusahaan untuk berkomunikasi dalam mempromosikan suatu produk dan mengenalkan produk tersebut kepada konsumennya. Melalui media sosial, sebuah perusahaan dapat memanfaatkannya sebagai salah satu media untuk mengenalkan kesadaran merek (brand awareness) terhadap khalayak umum lebih luas. Membentuk sebuah kesadaran merek (brand awareness) merupakan tujuan awal dari perusahaan yang memiliki produk yang baru dihasilkan. Penelitian ini menggunakan Buku Tulis ...

  19. PRAKTEK DAN FAKTOR PEMBENTUK PRAKTEK PUBLIC RELATIONS DI BADAN USAHA MILIK NEGARA (BUMN) (Studi kasus PT. KAI Persero DAOP VI Yogyakarta)

    OpenAIRE

    WIJAYA, DANIEL SETIA CANDRA

    2014-01-01

    Praktek public relations dipahami sebagai implementasi dari konsep public relations yang meliputi definisi, fungsi, model, peran, struktur organisasi. Pada penelitian ini meneliti mengenai praktek public relations dan faktor pembentuk praktek public relations. Public relations dalam perusahaan BUMN tentu tidak hanya melihat pemerintah atau negara sebagai stakeholders utama, justru lingkungan dari perusahaan BUMN sangat luas. PT KAI (Persero) adalah perusahaan BUMN menyele...

  20. 78 FR 67104 - Initiation of Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Administrative Reviews and Request for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-08

    ... submitting a Certification applies equally to NME-owned firms, wholly foreign-owned firms, and foreign... Separate Rate Status Application applies equally to NME-owned firms, wholly foreign-owned firms, and... Lithomelt Co., Ltd Lua Viet Bestref Joint Venture Co Luheng Refractory Co., Ltd Luoyang Refractory Group...

  1. 77 FR 34402 - Notice of Availability of the Final Land Use Analysis and Final Environmental Impact Statement...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-11

    ... published in the Federal Register on July 14, 2005 (70 FR 40723). As originally stated in the NOI, the LUA... miles south of Huntington, West Virginia, and is managed by the USACE for flood control, recreation, and... review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so. Mike Pool, Acting Director. BILLING CODE...

  2. Relationship between framingham risk score and coronary artery calcium score in asymptomatic Korean individuals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heo, So Young; Park, Noh Hyuck; Park, Chan Sub; Seong, Su Ok [Dept. of Radiology, Myongji Hospital, Seonam University College of Medicine, Goyang (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-02-15

    We explored the association between Framingham risk score (FRS) and coronary artery calcium score (CACS) in asymptomatic Korean individuals. We retrospectively analyzed 2216 participants who underwent routine health screening and CACS using the 64-slice multidetector computed tomography between January 2010 and June 2014. Relationship between CACS and FRS, and factors associated with discrepancy between CACS and FRS were analyzed. CACS and FRS were positively correlated (p < 0.0001). However, in 3.7% of participants with low coronary event risk and high CACS, age, male gender, smoker, hypertension, total cholesterol, diabetes mellitus, and body mass index (BMI; ≥ 35) were associated with the discrepancy. In the diagnostic prediction model for discrepancy, the receiver operating characteristic curve including factors associated with FRS, diastolic blood pressure (≥ 75 mm Hg), diabetes mellitus, and BMI (≥ 35) showed that the area under the curve was 0.854 (95% confidence interval, 0.819–0.890), indicating good sensitivity. Diabetes mellitus or obesity (BMI ≥ 35) compensate for the weakness of FRS and may be potential indicators for application of CACS in asymptomatic Koreans with low coronary event risk.

  3. Correlation between obstructive coronary artery disease and electron beam tomography coronary artery calcium scan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Sang Hoon; Hong, Yong Kook; Park, Sung Il; Lee, Hyang Mee; Choe, Kyu Ok [Yonsei Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1998-08-01

    To determine the correlation between obstructive coronary artery disease and electron beam tomography coronary artery calcium(EBT CAC) scan and to measure the difference in calcium score according to symptoms. Materials and Methods : Fifty-six patients underwent EBT CAC scanning and either coronary angiography or stress thallium 201 scanning or the treadmill test. When the results were positive, coronary artery obstructive disease(CAOD) was assumed to be present. The patients were divided into three groups : symptomatic CAOD,asymptomatic CAOD, and asymptomatic non- CAOD; those with a previous history of myocardial ischemia or who showed positive results in any of the three tests relating to typical symptoms of angina were assigned to the symptomatic group. Results : The number of cases assigned to group to group 1,2 and 3 was 19, 16 and 21, respectively; total CAC scores were 571 {+-} 751, 600 {+-} 726 293{+-} 401, respectively. The difference in CAC score between asymptomatic CAOD and asymptomatic non- CAOD was not statistically significant(p=0.079) but in asymptomatic CAOD, the score tended to be higher. The CAC score was not different between symptomatic and asymptomatic CAOD(p>0.1). When the CAC threshold was 1, sensitivity was 89% and specificity was 14%;when the threshold was 200, sensitivity was 60% and specificity was 67%. Conclusion : When the EBT CAC score is high, further evaluation provides early evidence of coronary artery obstructive disease.

  4. Arterial calcification: friend or foe?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicoll, Rachel; Henein, Michael Y

    2013-07-31

    There is a significant relationship between the presence, extent and progression of coronary artery calcification (CAC) and cardiovascular (CV) events and mortality in both CV and renal patients and CAC scoring can provide improved predictive ability over risk factor scoring alone. There is also a close relationship between CAC presence and atherosclerotic plaque burden, with angiography studies showing very high sensitivity but poor specificity of CAC score for predicting obstructive disease. Nevertheless, there are objections to CAC screening because of uncertainties and lack of studies showing improved outcome. Furthermore, histopathology studies indicate that heavily calcified plaque is unlikely to result in a CV event, while the vulnerable plaque tends to be uncalcified or 'mixed', suggesting that calcification may be protective. This scenario highlights a number of paradoxes, which may indicate that the association between CAC and CV events is spurious, following from the adoption of CAC as a surrogate for high plaque burden, which itself is a surrogate for the presence of vulnerable plaque. Since studies indicate that arterial calcification is a complex, organised and regulated process similar to bone formation, there is no particular reason why it should be a reliable indicator of either the plaque burden or the risk of a future CV event. We suggest that it is time to divorce arterial calcification from atherosclerosis and to view it as a distinct pathology in its own right, albeit one which frequently coexists with atherosclerosis and is related to it for reasons which are not yet fully understood.

  5. Dual energy x-ray imaging and scoring of coronary calcium: physics-based digital phantom and clinical studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Bo; Wen, Di; Nye, Katelyn; Gilkeson, Robert C.; Wilson, David L.

    2016-03-01

    Coronary artery calcification (CAC) as assessed with CT calcium score is the best biomarker of coronary artery disease. Dual energy x-ray provides an inexpensive, low radiation-dose alternative. A two shot system (GE Revolution-XRd) is used, raw images are processed with a custom algorithm, and a coronary calcium image (DECCI) is created, similar to the bone image, but optimized for CAC visualization, not lung visualization. In this report, we developed a physicsbased, digital-phantom containing heart, lung, CAC, spine, ribs, pulmonary artery, and adipose elements, examined effects on DECCI, suggested physics-inspired algorithms to improve CAC contrast, and evaluated the correlation between CT calcium scores and a proposed DE calcium score. In simulation experiment, Beam hardening from increasing adipose thickness (2cm to 8cm) reduced Cg by 19% and 27% in 120kVp and 60kVp images, but only reduced Cg by <7% in DECCI. If a pulmonary artery moves or pulsates with blood filling between exposures, it can give rise to a significantly confounding PA signal in DECCI similar in amplitude to CAC. Observations suggest modifications to DECCI processing, which can further improve CAC contrast by a factor of 2 in clinical exams. The DE score had the best correlation with "CT mass score" among three commonly used CT scores. Results suggest that DE x-ray is a promising tool for imaging and scoring CAC, and there still remains opportunity for further DECCI processing improvements.

  6. Biophysical and Structural Studies on the Capsid Protein of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1: A New Drug Target?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José L. Neira

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available AIDS affects 30 million people worldwide and is one of the deadliest epidemics in human history. It is caused by a retrovirus, HIV, whose mature capsid (enclosing the RNA with other proteins is formed by the assembly of several hundred copies of a protein, CA*. The C-terminal domain of such protein, CAC, is a driving force in virus assembly and the connections in the mature capsid lattice indicate that CAC joins through homodimerization of the CA hexamers. In the first part of this work, I shall review the biophysical studies carried out with the dimeric wild-type CAC protein and a mutant monomeric variant. The results open new venues for the development of drugs able to interact either with the dimeric species, hampering its assembly, or with the monomeric species, obstructing its folding. In the second part of this review, I shall describe the structures of complexes of CAC with small molecules able to weaken its dimerization. Furthermore, interactions with other proteins and lipids are also described. The whole set of results suggests that much of the surface of CAC does not accommodate binding per se, but rather binding sites in the protein are predefined, i.e., there are “hot” spots for binding in CAC (whatever be the molecule to bind. These “hot” residues involve most of the dimerization interface (an α-helix of the CAC wild-type protein, but also polypeptide patches at the other helices.

  7. Relation of Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms to Coronary Artery Calcium (from the ELSA-Brasil Baseline Data).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Itamar S; Bittencourt, Marcio S; Rocco, Priscila T; Pereira, Alexandre C; Barreto, Sandhi M; Brunoni, André R; Goulart, Alessandra C; Blaha, Michael J; Lotufo, Paulo A; Bensenor, Isabela M

    2016-07-15

    Previous studies of the association between symptoms of anxiety or depression and coronary artery calcium (CAC) have produced heterogeneous results. Our aim was to investigate whether psychopathological symptoms were associated with CAC in a cross-sectional analysis of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) baseline. We analyzed data from 4,279 ELSA-Brasil subjects (aged 35 to 74 years) from the São Paulo site without previous cardiovascular disease who underwent CAC score assessment at baseline. Prevalent CAC was defined as a CAC score >0. Anxiety and depressive symptoms were assessed using the Clinical Interview Schedule-Revised (CIS-R). We built binary logistic regression models to determine whether CIS-R scores, anxiety, or depression were associated with prevalent CAC. Prevalent CAC was found in 1,211 subjects (28.3%). After adjustment for age and gender, a direct association between CIS-R scores and prevalent CAC was revealed (odds ratio for 1-SD increase: 1.12; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.04 to 1.22). This association persisted after multivariate adjustment (odds ratio for 1-SD increase 1.11; 95% CI 1.02 to 1.20). No independent associations were found for specific diagnoses of anxiety or depression and prevalent CAC. In post hoc models, a significant interaction term (p = 0.019) suggested a stronger association in older subjects. In conclusion, psychopathological symptoms were directly associated with coronary atherosclerosis in the ELSA-Brasil baseline in adjusted models, and this association seems to be stronger in older subjects.

  8. Distribution of coronary calcium score in healthy middle-aged Korean

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choe, Kyu Ok; Kim, Min Jung; Choi, Byoung Wook; Kim, Jung Ho; Noh, Ki Suh; Kim, Si Yon; Ko, Heung Kyu; Suh, Il [Yonsei Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-11-01

    To determine the prevalence and degree of CAC (coronary artery calcification) in appearently healthy middle-aged Koreans, and the relation of CAC to risk factors for atherosclerosis. A total of 289 apparently healthy personnel at Yonsei University (male: 170, female:119, age: mean(SD=54.9{+-}7.1 years)) underwent EBT (electron bean tomography). The risk factors for athero-sclerosis, which included diabetes mellitus, hypertension, smoking, a family history of precocious onset, obesity, hyperlipidemia, and high intraperitoneal fat, were scrutinized. One hundred and sixty-eight subjects (58%) had at least one risk factor. The CAC score was calculated for all subjects and for each coronary artery separately and was then analyzed by age and sex and in relation to the risk factors. The prevalence of CAC was 40% in men and 18.5% in women (mean score:29.7 vs. 9.9). The number of individuals who had one, two, or more than two risk factors was 141,41, and 19, respectively. The number of risk factors and the prevalence and score of CAC were significantly correlated (p=0.01, 0.02 respectively). The number of individuals with no risk factor, with without CAC, was 58(20.1%) and 103(35.6%), respectively, while the number with some risk factor, with or without CAC, was 38(13.1%) and 90(31.1%), respectively. The CAC score was significantly higher in the presence of hypertension, low HDL, or obesity(p=0.001, 0.049, and 0.068, respectively). Smoking appeared to have a borderline effect on the calcium score(p=0.118). This study should provide useful information for interpreting CAC scores and establishing a treatment strategy for Koreans. The comparison of our results with other studies will enable a better understanding of the process and risk factors of atherosclerosis in Koreans.

  9. Distribution of coronary calcium score in healthy middle-aged Korean

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine the prevalence and degree of CAC (coronary artery calcification) in appearently healthy middle-aged Koreans, and the relation of CAC to risk factors for atherosclerosis. A total of 289 apparently healthy personnel at Yonsei University (male: 170, female:119, age: mean(SD=54.9±7.1 years) underwent EBT (electron bean tomography). The risk factors for athero-sclerosis, which included diabetes mellitus, hypertension, smoking, a family history of precocious onset, obesity, hyperlipidemia, and high intraperitoneal fat, were scrutinized. One hundred and sixty-eight subjects (58%) had at least one risk factor. The CAC score was calculated for all subjects and for each coronary artery separately and was then analyzed by age and sex and in relation to the risk factors. The prevalence of CAC was 40% in men and 18.5% in women (mean score:29.7 vs. 9.9). The number of individuals who had one, two, or more than two risk factors was 141,41, and 19, respectively. The number of risk factors and the prevalence and score of CAC were significantly correlated (p=0.01, 0.02 respectively). The number of individuals with no risk factor, with without CAC, was 58(20.1%) and 103(35.6%), respectively, while the number with some risk factor, with or without CAC, was 38(13.1%) and 90(31.1%), respectively. The CAC score was significantly higher in the presence of hypertension, low HDL, or obesity(p=0.001, 0.049, and 0.068, respectively). Smoking appeared to have a borderline effect on the calcium score(p=0.118). This study should provide useful information for interpreting CAC scores and establishing a treatment strategy for Koreans. The comparison of our results with other studies will enable a better understanding of the process and risk factors of atherosclerosis in Koreans

  10. Is Wealth the Only Standard for Success?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Cultivating students’awareness about wealth is part of Professor Dong Fan’s selfappointed job description."If you become rich,you can create more GDP,more tax revenue and more job opportunities for so-

  11. 75 FR 61246 - Additional Identifying Information Associated With Persons Whose Property and Interests in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-04

    ..., Tel.: 202/622-2490. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Electronic and Facsimile Availability This document and... KWP Government Building (Korean-- Ch'o'ngsa), Chungso'ng, Urban Town (Korean--Dong), Chung...

  12. Korea keele õpetamisest / Angelina Tšaikovskaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tšaikovskaja, Angelina

    1999-01-01

    Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikooli külastas 7. dets. 1999 Korea Vabariigi suursaadik Helsingis Dong-chil Yang, kes tundis huvi idamaade keelte õpetamise vastu TPÜ-s ja lubas toetada korea keele õpetamist ülikoolis

  13. 78 FR 78384 - Certain Tires and Products Containing Same; Commission Determination Not to Review an Initial...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-26

    ..., China; Doublestar Dong Feng Tyre Co., Ltd. of Shiyan, China; Shandong Yongtai Chemical Group Co., Ltd..., Inc. of Anaheim, California; Shandong Linglong Tyre Co., Ltd. of Zhaoyuan City, China; Dunlap &...

  14. 78 FR 77467 - Findings of Research Misconduct

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-23

    ... ISU found that Dr. Dong-Pyou Han, former Research Assistant Professor, Department of Biomedical..., and/or peer review committee, or as a consultant. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Director, Office...

  15. Vestalaria vinnula spec. nov. from southern Vietnam (Odonata: Calopterygidae)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hämäläinen, M.

    2006-01-01

    Vestalaria vinnula spec.nov. (holotype male, southern Vietnam, Lam Dong province, Blao, 1962) is described in both sexes and compared with other species of Vestalaria May, 1935 (= the Vestalis smaragdina - group), which is ranked as valid genus.

  16. 76 FR 45296 - In the Matter of Certain Flat Panel Display Devices, and Products Containing the Same; Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-28

    ... which the complaint is to be served: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., Samsung Electronics Building, 1320-10, Seocho 2-dong, Seocho-gu, Seoul, Korea 137-857. Samsung Electronics America, Inc., 105...

  17. 五湘斋饭庄(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    司英奇

    2001-01-01

    Wuxiangzhai Restaurant developed from two prestigious eateries in Dong An Market:"Wufangzhai" and "Xingshu." Jiangsu and Huaiyang food are the restaurant's specialties, with Sichuan and hunan dishes also available.

  18. Meeting Marks Publication of Memoirs on Ping-Pong Diplomacy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>The year 2011 marked the 40th anniversary of the "Ping-Pong Diplomacy" that was a symbolicturning point in Sino-American relations. The late Chairman Mao Ze-dong, Premier Zhou Enlai and other Chinese

  19. Centroacinar cells: At the center of pancreas regeneration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beer, Rebecca L; Parsons, Michael J; Rovira, Meritxell

    2016-05-01

    The process of regeneration serves to heal injury by replacing missing cells. Understanding regeneration can help us replace cell populations lost during disease, such as the insulin-producing β cells lost in diabetic patients. Centroacinar cells (CACs) are a specialized ductal pancreatic cell type that act as progenitors to replace β cells in the zebrafish. However, whether CACs contribute to β-cell regeneration in adult mammals remains controversial. Here we review the current understanding of the role of CACs as endocrine progenitors during regeneration in zebrafish and mammals. PMID:26963675

  20. Centroacinar cells: At the center of pancreas regeneration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beer, Rebecca L; Parsons, Michael J; Rovira, Meritxell

    2016-05-01

    The process of regeneration serves to heal injury by replacing missing cells. Understanding regeneration can help us replace cell populations lost during disease, such as the insulin-producing β cells lost in diabetic patients. Centroacinar cells (CACs) are a specialized ductal pancreatic cell type that act as progenitors to replace β cells in the zebrafish. However, whether CACs contribute to β-cell regeneration in adult mammals remains controversial. Here we review the current understanding of the role of CACs as endocrine progenitors during regeneration in zebrafish and mammals.

  1. NCBI nr-aa BLAST: CBRC-CBRI-04-0044 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-CBRI-04-0044 ref|NP_595047.1| malate permease [Schizosaccharomyces pombe 972h-...] ref|NP_595048.1| malate permease [Schizosaccharomyces pombe 972h-] ref|NP_595049.1| malate permease [Schizosaccharomyces... pombe 972h-] ref|NP_595050.1| malate permease [Schizosaccharomyces pombe 972h-] emb|CAC36913....1| membrane transporter (predicted) [Schizosaccharomyces pombe] emb|CAC36914.1| m...embrane transporter (predicted) [Schizosaccharomyces pombe] emb|CAC36915.1| membrane transporter (predicted) [Schizosaccharomyces

  2. How Does Systematic Risk Impact Stocks ? A Study On the French Financial Market

    OpenAIRE

    Gatfaoui Hayette

    2003-01-01

    From the CAC40 French stock index, we induce the implied market factor’s level through the inversion of a closed form pricing formula for European calls on the CAC40. For this purpose, we assume that the CAC40 index is a disturbed observation of the actual market factor, the market factor’s diffusion following a geometric Brownian motion. All the assumptions prevailing in a Black & Scholes (1973) world are assumed to hold. Based on daily data, the results show that the level of the implied ma...

  3. Mutagenic and Cytotoxic Properties of Oxidation Products of 5-Methylcytosine Revealed by Next-Generation Sequencing

    OpenAIRE

    Xi-Wen Xing; Yu-Li Liu; Mario Vargas; Yinsheng Wang; Yu-Qi Feng; Xiang Zhou; Bi-Feng Yuan

    2013-01-01

    5-methylcytosine (5-mC) can be sequentially oxidized to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5-hmC), 5-formylcytosine (5-foC), and finally to 5-carboxylcytosine (5-caC), which is thought to function in active DNA cytosine demethylation in mammals. Although the roles of 5-mC in epigenetic regulation of gene expression are well established, the effects of 5-hmC, 5-foC and 5-caC on DNA replication remain unclear. Here we report a systematic study on how these cytosine derivatives (5-hmC, 5-foC and 5-caC) pe...

  4. Traditional Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Coronary Artery Calcification in Adults With Polymyositis and Dermatomyositis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Diederichsen, Louise P; Diederichsen, Axel C P; Simonsen, Jane A;

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To determine the occurrence of traditional cardiovascular (CV) risk factors and coronary artery calcification (CAC) in adults with polymyositis (PM) or dermatomyositis (DM) compared to healthy controls and to assess the association between CV risk factors, PM/DM, and CAC score. METHODS....../DM, and CAC were studied by multivariate analyses. RESULTS: Thirty-three percent of the patients were obese compared to 11% of the controls (P = 0.005). Hypertension and diabetes mellitus were more frequent in patients (71% versus 42%; P = 0.002, and 13% versus 0%; P = 0.007), and patients had higher levels...

  5. TCP-Call Admission Control Interaction in Multiplatform Space Architectures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgios Theodoridis

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The implementation of efficient call admission control (CAC algorithms is useful to prevent congestion and guarantee target quality of service (QoS. When TCP protocol is adopted, some inefficiencies can arise due to the peculiar evolution of the congestion window. The development of cross-layer techniques can greatly help to improve efficiency and flexibility for wireless networks. In this frame, the present paper addresses the introduction of TCP feedback into the CAC procedures in different nonterrestrial wireless architectures. CAC performance improvement is shown for different space-based architectures, including both satellites and high altitude platform (HAP systems.

  6. Adaptive Call Admission Control Based on Reward-Penalty Model in Wireless/Mobile Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian-Hui Huang; De-Pei Qian; Sheng-Ling Wang

    2007-01-01

    A dynamic threshold-based Call Admission Control (CAC) scheme used in wireless/mobile network for multi- class services is proposed. In the scheme, each class's CAC thresholds are solved through establishing a reward-penalty model which strives to maximize network's revenue. In order to lower Handoff Dropping Probability (HDP), the scheme joints packet and connection levels Quality of Service constraints, designing a bandwidth degradation algorithm to accept handoff calls by degrading existing calls' bandwidth during network congestion. Analyses show that the CAC thresholds change adaptively with the average call arrival rate. The performance comparison shows that the proposed scheme outperforms the Mobile IP Reservation scheme.

  7. Bjarne Corydon og Don Energy

    OpenAIRE

    Nielsen, Jeppe Mattern; Salman, Alan Riad; Pedersen, Magnus Brandt; Singh, Rajveer; Stórá, Jónas Tormóðarson

    2015-01-01

    This project is about how Bjarne Corydon, the finance minister at the time, chose Goldman Sachs as the best candidates to buy stocks in the government owned corporation DONG Energy. At the time DONG energy was in need of extensive capital and after several months intensive search for a possible investor, an investor was found and it was the American investment banking firm Goldman Sachs. The proposal was then presented by Bjarne Corydon to the financial representatives of other members of par...

  8. Wall Street som kreationistisk forkynder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ekman, Susanne

    2016-01-01

    Artiklen gennemgår Karen Hos etnografi om Wall Street: "Liquidated: An ethnography of Wall Street" set i lyset af den offentlige debat vedrørende Goldman Sachs opkøb af Dong......Artiklen gennemgår Karen Hos etnografi om Wall Street: "Liquidated: An ethnography of Wall Street" set i lyset af den offentlige debat vedrørende Goldman Sachs opkøb af Dong...

  9. Abstracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The power point presentation is about: danger identification, caracterization, evaluation exposition, risk (CAC, 1997; FAO, 2007), European food safety authority, foodrisk organization, pathogens risk ranking, risk reduction, gubernamental responsability

  10. Influence of different pulp capping materials to induce coronal tooth discoloration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natália Gomes e Silva Leonardo

    2016-06-01

    Conclusions: This study demonstrated that all tested materials induced teeth shade changes after 30 days of simulated pulpotomy. The mean variation of color was similar between groups and CAC caused the higher color change.

  11. Calcium aluminate cements for nuclear wastes conditioning: literature review and new approaches

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Encapsulate the diverse wastes produced by nuclear activities in cementitious binders may be very complex due to the adverse cement-waste interactions. Consequences are for example: strong delay, poor mechanical strength or low resistance to leaching. In this case, pure or blended calcium aluminate cements (CACs) may be valuable alternatives. This paper summarises the properties of CAC and blended CAC system and gives some examples from literature where calcium aluminate cements are used for conventional wastes or nuclear wastes conditioning. Moreover, it proposes another approach: using CAC not only as a binder, but also as a chemical reactant. After dissolution calcium aluminates ions can combine with many chemical species (sulphates, nitrates, chlorides, alkali metals, heavy metals) to precipitate specific hydrates allowing chemical trapping of these species. An example is given for the purification of Ni and Zn nitrates solutions. (authors)

  12. Magnesium intake is inversely associated with coronary artery calcification: the Framingham Heart Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine whether magnesium intake is associated with coronary artery calcification (CAC) and abdominal aortic calcification (AAC). BACKGROUND: Animal and cell studies suggest that magnesium may prevent calcification within atherosclerotic plaques underlying c...

  13. Lack of Correlation Between Depression and Coronary Artery Calcification in a Non-Selected Danish Population

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Devantier, Torben Albert; Nørgaard, Bjarne Linde; Sand, Niels Peter;

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Depression is associated with coronary artery disease, and atherosclerosis seems to play a central role in this relation. In several studies, multislice computed tomography (CT) has been applied for detection and quantification of coronary artery calcification (CAC) in relation...

  14. Localization of Microfibrillar-Associated Protein 4 (MFAP4) in Human Tissues

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wulf-Johansson, Helle; Lock Johansson, Sofie; Schlosser, Anders;

    2013-01-01

    myocardial infarction (STEMI), 2: patients with non-STEMI, 3: patients destined for vascular surgery because of various atherosclerotic diseases (stable atherosclerotic disease), 4: apparently healthy individuals with documented coronary artery calcification (CAC-positive), and 5: apparently healthy...

  15. Pathological and therapeutic significance of cellular invasion by Proteus mirabilis in an enterocystoplasty infection stone model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R.B. Mathoera (Rejiv); D.J. Kok (Dirk); C.M. Verduin (Cees); R.J.M. Nijman (Rien)

    2002-01-01

    textabstractProteus mirabilis infection often leads to stone formation. We evaluated how bacterium-mucin adhesion, invasion, and intracellular crystal formation are related to antibiotic sensitivity and may cause frequent stone formation in enterocystoplasties. Five intestinal (Cac

  16. Gene : CBRC-HSAP-06-0043 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-HSAP-06-0043 6 A Odorant/olfactory and gustatory receptors OR2H1_HUMAN 0.0 100...% ref|NP_112145.1| olfactory receptor, family 2, subfamily H, member 1 [Homo sapiens] sp|Q9GZK4|OR2H1_HUMAN ....14/9026.2) emb|CAB44506.1| olfactory receptor, family 2, subfamily H, member 1 [Homo sap...iens] emb|CAC20524.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC20525.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sap...iens] emb|CAC20526.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] emb|CAC20527.1| olfactory receptor [Homo sapiens] em

  17. Improved automated synthesis and preliminary animal PET/CT imaging of 11C-acetate

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To study a simple and rapid automated synthetic technology of 11C-acetate (11C- AC), automated synthesis of 11C-AC was performed by carboxylation of MeMgBr/tetrahydrofuran (THF) on a polyethylene loop with 11C-CO2, followed by hydrolysis and purification on solid-phase extraction cartridges using a 11C-Choline/Methionine synthesizer made in China. A high and reproducible radiochemical yield of above 40% (decay corrected) was obtained within the whole synthesis time about 8 min from 11C-CO2. The radiochemical purity of 11C-AC was over 95%. The novel, simple and rapid on-column hydrolysis-purification procedure should adaptable to the fully automated synthesis of 11C-AC at several commercial synthesis module. 11C-AC injection produced by the automated procedure is safe and effective, and can be used for PET imaging of animals and humans. (authors)

  18. ANAEROBIC AND AEROBIC TREATMENT OF CHLORINATED ALIPHATIC COMPOUNDS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biological degradation of 12 chlorinated aliphatic compounds (CACs) was assessed in bench-top reactors and in serum bottle tests. Three continuously mixed daily batch-fed reactor systems were evaluated: anaerobic, aerobic, and sequential-anaerobic-aerobic (sequential). Glucose,...

  19. A NOVEL CALL ADMISSION CONTROL SCHEME IN CELLULAR/WLAN INTEGRATION AND PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xia Weiwei; Shen Lianfeng

    2009-01-01

    In order to achieve the Quality of Service (QoS) provisioning and efficient resource utilization in cellular network and Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) integration, an Integrated Service-Based Call Admission Control (ISB-CAC) scheme is proposed in this paper. The integrated network is modeled by using multi-dimensional Markov chains. The numerical analysis is presented to evaluate the important performance measures such as the blocking probability of originating calls, the dropping probability, and the average transfer time, etc. The steady-state probabilities of the multi-dimensional Markov chains are obtained by using an iterative approach, and the CAC parameters are optimally designed. The analytical model is validated by the computer simulation. It is shown that compared with the conventional WLAN-First Call Admission Control (WF-CAC) scheme, the proposed ISB-CAC scheme not only provides better QoS for mobile users but also utilizes the bandwidth resources more efficiently.

  20. The complete targeted profile of the organic acid intermediates of the citric acid cycle using a single stable isotope dilution analysis, sodium borodeuteride reduction and selected ion monitoring GC/MS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mamer, Orval; Gravel, Simon-Pierre; Choinière, Luc; Chénard, Valérie; St-Pierre, Julie; Avizonis, Daina

    2013-01-01

    The quantitative profiling of the organic acid intermediates of the citric acid cycle (CAC) presents a challenge due to the lack of commercially available internal standards for all of the organic acid intermediates. We developed an analytical method that enables the quantitation of all the organic acids in the CAC in a single stable isotope dilution GC/MS analysis with deuterium-labeled analogs used as internal standards. The unstable α-keto acids are rapidly reduced with sodium borodeuteride to the corresponding stable α-deutero-α-hydroxy acids and these, along with their unlabeled analogs and other CAC organic acid intermediates, are converted to their tert-butyldimethylsilyl derivatives. Selected ion monitoring is employed with electron ionization. We validated this method by treating an untransformed mouse mammary epithelial cell line with well-known mitochondrial toxins affecting the electron transport chain and ATP synthase, which resulted in profound perturbations of the concentration of CAC intermediates.

  1. AN Enhanced SINR-Based Call Admission Control in 3G Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moses Ekpenyong

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the signal-to-interference plus noise ratio (SINR-based call admission control (CAC as an effective technique that guarantees signal quality for admitted users. We propose a CAC model that admits users as long as the SINR exceeds a threshold (th SINR . To reduce blocking, we ensure that the threshold level is maintained at a lower bound (lb thSINR −, convenient to keep the blocking probability ( Pb below a maximum value ( Pb−max. We simulate the CAC model with the Java programming language and evaluate the performance of the model. Simulation results show that our CAC scheme produce the expected performance that improves the network quality.

  2. 75 FR 6362 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-09

    ... contractor personnel having a valid Common Access Card (CAC) or Military ID Card; dependent family members of.... NM01500-9 SYSTEM NAME: Integrated Learning Environment (ILE) Classes (September 19, 2005; 70 FR...

  3. Effects of thermal activation conditions on the microstructure regulation of corncob-derived activated carbon for hydrogen storage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dabin Wang; Zhen Geng; Cunman Zhang; Xiangyang Zhou; Xupeng Liu

    2014-01-01

    Activated carbons derived from corncob (CACs) were prepared by pyrolysis carbonization and KOH activation. Through modifying activation conditions, samples with large pore volume and ultrahigh BET specific surface area could be obtained. The sample achieved the highest hydrogen uptake capacity of 5.80 wt%at 40 bar and -196◦C. The as-obtained samples were characterized by N2-sorption, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Besides, thermogravimetric analysis was also employed to investigate the activation behavior of CACs. Detailed investigation on the activation parameters reveals that moderate activation temperature and heating rate are favorable for preparing CACs with high surface area, large pore volume and optimal pore size distribution. Meanwhile, the micropore volume between 0.65 nm and 0.85 nm along with BET surface area and total pore volume has great effects on hydrogen uptake capacities. The present results indicate that CACs are the most promising materials for hydrogen storage application.

  4. Single-centre cohort study of gender influence in coronary CT angiography in patients with a low to intermediate pretest probability of coronary heart disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Kirsten Schou; Isaksen, Christin; Buhl, Jørgen Selmer;

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: In 'real-world' patient populations undergoing coronary CT angiography (CCTA), it is unclear whether a correlation exists between gender, coronary artery calcium (CAC) score and subsequent referral for invasive coronary angiography and coronary revascularisation. We therefore investig...... of CAC. This may reflect a gender-specific difference in coping with chest discomfort, gender-specific referral bias for CCTA, and/or a gender-specific difference in the balance between coronary calcification and obstructive coronary heart disease.......BACKGROUND: In 'real-world' patient populations undergoing coronary CT angiography (CCTA), it is unclear whether a correlation exists between gender, coronary artery calcium (CAC) score and subsequent referral for invasive coronary angiography and coronary revascularisation. We therefore...... investigated the relationship between gender, CAC and use of subsequent invasive coronary angiography and coronary revascularisation in a cohort of patients with chest discomfort and low to intermediate pretest probability of coronary artery disease who underwent a CCTA at our diagnostic centre. METHODS: This...

  5. Tired and Wrapped Litigation:the Transformation Miniature of Customary Law under the Modern Context of Rule of Law——Taking Judicial Cases in The Southeast area of Guizhou Miao and Dong of Guizhou Regional for Example%厌诉与缠诉:法治现代化背景下的习惯法转型缩影——以黔东南苗侗地区司法个案为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李向玉

    2012-01-01

    作为纠纷解决的基本方式之一,诉讼起着极其重要的作用。但由于长期以来的社会历史原因,老百姓都存在着"厌诉"的心理;另一方面又存在着极强的"为权利而斗争"不止的"缠诉"司法心理。这两种司法心理方式长期共存,形成了独特的司法活动特点。而"厌诉"与"缠诉"在少数民族地区更具特殊性。贵州省黔东南州是我国一个少数民族聚集区,有着丰富的民族法学文化,正是由于习惯法文化的强大力量在社会的各个方面发挥了重要作用,"厌诉"与"缠诉"也具有鲜明的地域特征,整个民族地区的司法活动亦具有明显的"习惯法转型缩影"烙印。%As a basic form of dispute resolution,litigation plays a vital role.For the long-standing social and historical reasons,there is "tired of litigation" mentality among many people;but on the other hand there is the wrapped around litigation." judicial psychology for a strong "struggle for the rights".These two methods coexist for a long judicial psychology,has developed a unique characteristic of judicial activities.The "tired of complaints" and "wrapped around litigation" are more specificity in ethnic minority areas.The Southeast area of Guizhou is a minority gathering area in our nation,rich culture in national legal,it is precisely because the power of customary law and cultural aspects of society played an important role,"tired of complaints" and "wrapped around litigation" also has a distinct geographical features,the activities of national jurisdictions is also a significant " a microcosm of transformation of customary law " mark.

  6. Qiandongnan National Sports Tourism Research Re-ported charaCteristics and Image-building---Based on the 《Guizhou Daily》 and 《Qian dong nan Daily》Text Analysis%贵州民族体育旅游平面媒体报道特征与形象塑造研究--以黔东南州为研究对象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雷; 李平平

    2015-01-01

    运用内容分析法、问卷调查法和数理统计法对2013年《贵州日报》和《黔东南日报》关于黔东南州民族体育旅游报道相关数据进行分析。对参与黔东南州民族体育旅游的人群进行问卷调查,结果显示:《贵州日报》和《黔东南日报》对民族传统体育旅游方面的报道数量偏少,报道方式均以短篇为主,专题类报道仅有两次;龙舟与斗牛项目的合理开发带来报道频率的显著提升,为黔东南州民族赛马、舞龙舞狮、民族摔跤等项目的开发和宣传提供了借鉴与启示;报道频率呈现出与节假日时间上的高度相关性,提示旅游从业者在旅游旺季要抓举宣传机遇,打造当地民族体育旅游新亮点。从现场问卷调查情况看,在“自媒体”日益发达的今天,重视游客自身体验将会成为旅游项目的可持续发展的基本要素。从游客对黔东南民族体育旅游项目的整体评价看,负面评价略多,意见集中在景区配套设施匮乏、从业者素质偏低和语言交流障碍等三个方面。持肯定观点的游客则认为景区服务定价合理,传统体育项目民族特点突出。%Using content analysis,questionnaire and math-ematical statistics for 2013 ,《Guizhou Daily》and 《Qian-dongnan Daily》on the Ethnic Sports Tourism reports for a-nalysis and to participate in the southeast of Guizhou Eth-nic Sports Tourism populations survey results Show:《Guizhou Daily》 and 《Qiandongnan Daily》 number of national sports tourism traditional coverage less than nor-mal,mainly reporting methods are short,thematic category reported only twice;boat and rational development pro-jects bring bullfighting reports frequency was significantly improved, as Qiandongnan national horse racing, dragon and lion dances, wrestling and other projects of national development and advocacy to provide a reference and in-spiration;reports from the time, the reported frequency showing a high correlation with the holidays, prompting tourism practitioners in the tourist season to snatch public-ity opportunities, create new highlights local national sports tourism. From the site survey the situation, in the“from the media” increasingly developed today, visitors attention will be essential elements of their experience of sustainable development of tourism projects. Visitors to the Southeast from national sports tourism project overall rat-ing watch negative evaluation slightly more concentrated in the scenic views of the lack of supporting facilities, three low quality practitioners and verbal communication disorders. Hold a positive view of the scenic tourist serv-ices is considered reasonably priced, traditional sports prominent national characteristics.

  7. The Logical Standing-point and Annotation Patterns of Mao Ze-dong's Class Analytic Methods——the Text Annotation on the"Analysis of Chinese Social Various Classes"%毛泽东阶级分析法的逻辑起点及其诠释范式——《中国社会各阶级的分析》的文本学解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王浩斌; 王飞南

    2008-01-01

    "马克思主义的文本视域"、"中国传承文化视域"以及"现实的社会实践视域"之间的视域融合,构成了文本解读语境中毛泽东阶级分析法的逻辑起点;对进行深入的文本学解读可以发现,毛泽东的阶级分析法中内蕴着一种科学解读马克思主义的诠释范式即实践诠释范式.

  8. The Minimum Risk and Maximum Benefit in a Village Society—— A Cultural Analysis on the Traditional Way of Life and the Existence Insurance in the Society of the Dong People%乡民社会中的风险最小化与利益最大化——侗族社会传统生计方式与生存保障的文化解析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗康隆

    2006-01-01

    生存保障是社会保障最基本要求,由于民族历史文化的差异,对如何理解社会成员的基本生活状况、保障手段等一系列概念上,形成了许多不同的看法.本文通过对侗族社会的田野考察,对侗族社会的生存保障系统进行了分析,不论的资源培植、资源利用、生产与分配、社区管理等方面运行都是在特定文化下实现了侗族社会的生存保障,提出了社会生存保障不仅是一个经济的概念,更是一个文化的概念.

  9. 三江县侗族女性叶酸代谢通路关键酶基因MTHFR、MTRR的SNPs分布研究及与其他地区少数民族女性的比较%Study on the distribution of single nucleotide polymorphisms of folate acid metabolism pathway key enzymes MTHFR and MTRR among Dong women in Sanjiang county and comparison with ethnic minority women in other areas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱萍; 鲁衍强; 叶凤梅; 严提珍; 唐宁; 林墨菊; 李伍高; 罗世强; 周恒

    2016-01-01

    目的 研究柳州市三江侗族自治县侗族女性中5,10-亚甲基四氢叶酸还原酶(MTHFR)及甲硫氨酸合成酶还原酶(MTRR)基因的单核苷酸多态性分布特征.方法 通过横断面调查研究方法,以柳州市三江侗族自治县1 000名侗族女性为研究对象,检测其叶酸代谢过程中编码关键酶的相关基因MTHFR C677T、A1298C和MTRR A66G基因位点多态性,统计分析该地区基因多态性的分布特征,并与已报到其他地区少数民族女性数据进行统计学比较.结果 该地区侗族女性MTHFR C677T的基因型和等位基因频率与延边朝鲜族、新疆维吾尔族、银川回族、思南土家族、柳州苗族、南宁汉族和三亚黎族女性比较,差异有统计学意义(P均<0.05),MTHFR A1298C的基因型和等位基因频率与延边朝鲜族、银川回族、思南土家族女性比较,差异有统计学意义(P均<0.05).MTRR A66G的基因型和等位基因频率与新疆维吾尔族、思南土家族、南宁汉族、壮族和三亚黎族比较,差异有统计学意义(P均<0.05).结论 广西柳州市三江侗族自治县侗族女性具有不同于其他地区少数民族的MTHFR和MTRR的SNPs分布特征.

  10. 中越两国跨境经济合作区政策比较初探——以中越凭祥—同登跨境经济合作区为例%A Comparative Study of the Policy of Cross-border Economic Cooperation Zones between China and Vietnam——A Case Study of Pingxiang (China) —DongDeng (Vietnam) Cross-border Economic Cooperation Zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建文; 刘丹蓉

    2013-01-01

    广西努力推进中越跨国经济合作区已经有几年时间了,但是遇到很多问题和困难,建设进展和效果远低于期望.其中的重要原因之一就是中越两国的跨境经济合作区政策的差异性,导致双方发展错位或者说发展不同步.因此,有必要比较两国的有关政策,通过克服这些差异,加快推进中越跨境经济合作区的步伐.

  11. Quality of life (GIQLI) and laparoscopic cholecystectomy usefulness in patients with gallbladder dysfunction or chronic non-lithiasic biliary pain (chronic acalculous cholecystitis) Calidad de vida (GIQLI) y utilidad de la colecistectomía laparoscópica en pacientes con disfunción vesicular o dolor crónico biliar alitiásico (colecistitis crónica alitiásica)

    OpenAIRE

    M. Planells Roig; J. Bueno Lledó; A. Sanahuja Santafé; R. García Espinosa

    2004-01-01

    Objective: the aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence, clinical features and role of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in patients with chronic acalculous cholecystitis (CAC) in comparison with a control group of patients who underwent cholecystectomy for chronic calculous cholecystitis (CCC). Material and methods: prospective evaluation of 34 patients with CAC in contrast with 297 patients with CCC. Outcome measures: clinical presentation, quality of life using the Gastrointestinal ...

  12. Erythropoietin stimulates a rise in intracellular free calcium concentration in single early human erythroid precursors.

    OpenAIRE

    Miller, B A; Scaduto, R C; Tillotson, D L; Botti, J J; Cheung, J Y

    1988-01-01

    Erythropoietin and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) stimulate the differentiation and proliferation of erythroid cells. To determine the cellular mechanism of action of these growth factors, we measured changes in intracellular free calcium concentration [( Cac]) in single human erythroid precursors in response to recombinant erythropoietin and GM-CSF. [Cac] in immature erythroblasts derived from cultured human cord blood erythroid progenitors was measured with fluore...

  13. Koronararteriecalciumscore ved hjertecomputertomografi øger den prognostiske information hos udvalgte personer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Thomas; Zacho, Mette; Kourmaeva, Daria;

    2011-01-01

    Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the western countries. Conventional risk evaluation of asymptomatic individuals is unfortunately inaccurate. There is a need for better diagnostic tools to identify persons, who will benefit from intensified preventive treatment. Coronary...... artery calcium score (CACS) measured by multi-slice CT scan contributes significantly to risk stratification especially in persons with intermediate risk assessed by conventional risk analysis. A CACS-guided preventive intervention strategy seems appealing to reduce mortality due to cardiovascular...

  14. KINETIC MODELLING AND HALF LIFE STUDY OF ADSORPTIVE BIOREMEDIATION OF SOIL ARTIFICIALLY CONTAMINATED WITH BONNY LIGHT CRUDE OIL

    OpenAIRE

    Samuel Enahoro Agarry; Kigho Moses Oghenejoboh; Bamidele Ogbe Solomon

    2015-01-01

    In this study, comparative potential effects of commercial activated carbon (CAC) and plantain peel-derived biochar (PPBC) of different particle sizes and dosage to stimulate petroleum hydrocarbon biodegradation in soil were investigated. Microcosms containing soil were spiked with weathered Bonny light crude oil (WBLCO) (10% w/w) and amended with different particle sizes (0.02, 0.07 and 0.48 mm) and dosage (20, 30 and 40 g) of CAC and PPBC, respectively. The bioremediation experiments were c...

  15. Evaluation of visualized area percentage assessment of cleansing score and computed assessment of cleansing score for capsule endoscopy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Hong-Bin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical significance of visualized area percentage assessment of cleansing score (AAC and computed assessment of cleansing score (CAC of these two small bowel cleanliness scores systems for capsule endoscopy (CE. Materials and Methods: The reliability and consistency of the AAC and CAC scores were evaluated by comparing the scores by two examiners (one expert, one without any training in CE. Reliability was determined using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC and consistency was determined using the kappa statistic. Results: The inter-observer agreement was excellent for both the AAC and CAC scores. For AAC, the ICC was 0.791 (95% confidence interval: 0.677-0.868, and for CAC the ICC was 1.000. Using 1.5 as the cutoff, there was no significant difference between AAC and CAC results by the expert examiner (kappa = 0.756, P = 0.000 or the non-expert examiner (kappa = 0.831, P = 0.000. Evaluation of small bowel cleanliness using AAC took 15-30 min, and evaluation using CAC took about 2-3 min. The overall adequacy assessment (OAA using the AAC was not significantly different between the two examiners (χ2 = 0.586, P = 0.444. There were also no significant differences between the OAA using the AAC and the OAA using the CAC by the expert examiner (χ2 = 1.730, P = 0.188 or the non-expert examiner (χ2 = 1.124, P = 0.289. Conclusion: Both of these scores for assessment of small bowel cleanliness can be useful in clinical practice, but the CAC is simpler to use.

  16. The asbestos cement container and its characterization program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new type of packing container is designed in France, by SGN, for the reprocessing wastes conditioning: the asbestos cement container (CAC) made by the industrial process for pipes fabrication. Two types of CAC are studied, differing from each other by their wall thickness. The technology of which SGN is in charge is presented. A characterization program is operated by CEA in view of satisfying to regulatory requirements. Emphasis is placed upon the radionuclides migration study, through different asbestos cement samples

  17. Synthesis of Novel Nanocomposites of Silica and Guar Gum:Efficient Zinc Ion Binder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Vandana; Singh; Sadanand; Pandey; Somit; kumar; Singh; Rashmi; Sanghi

    2007-01-01

    1 Results Adsorption using commercial activated carbon (CAC)[1] can remove heavy metals from wastewater[2-4].However,CAC remains an expensive material for heavy metal removal.Ion exchange techniques are also used but it generates volumetric sludge and increases the cost[5].Using naturally occurring seed polysaccharides can solve these problems but their solubility in water limits its application as an adsorbent.Guar gum is a commercially available,industrially important[6-7] polysaccharide material havi...

  18. Cortisol responses to mental stress and the progression of coronary artery calcification in healthy men and women.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Hamer

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Psychosocial stress is a risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD. The mechanisms are incompletely understood, although dysfunction of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA axis might be involved. We examined the association between cortisol responses to laboratory-induced mental stress and the progression of coronary artery calcification (CAC. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants were 466 healthy men and women (mean age = 62.7±5.6 yrs, without history or objective signs of CHD, drawn from the Whitehall II epidemiological cohort. At the baseline assessment salivary cortisol was measured in response to mental stressors, consisting of a 5-min Stroop task and a 5-min mirror tracing task. CAC was measured at baseline and at 3 years follow up using electron beam computed tomography. CAC progression was defined as an increase >10 Agatston units between baseline and follow up. 38.2% of the sample demonstrated CAC progression over the 3 years follow up. There was considerable variation in the cortisol stress response, with approximately 40% of the sample responding to the stress tasks with an increase in cortisol of at least 1 mmol/l. There was an association between cortisol stress reactivity (per SD and CAC progression (odds ratio = 1.27, 95% CI, 1.02-1.60 after adjustments for age, sex, pre-stress cortisol, employment grade, smoking, resting systolic BP, fibrinogen, body mass index, and use of statins. There was no association between systolic blood pressure reactivity and CAC progression (odds ratio per SD increase = 1.03, 95% CI, 0.85-1.24. Other independent predictors of CAC progression included age, male sex, smoking, resting systolic blood pressure, and fibrinogen. CONCLUSION: Results demonstrate an association between heightened cortisol reactivity to stress and CAC progression. These data support the notion that cortisol reactivity, an index of HPA function, is one of the possible mechanisms through which

  19. Sustainable coal : An energy for the future; El carbon sostenible: una energia para el futuro

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ballesteros, J. C.

    2010-07-01

    In this article is described a view about the concept of capture and storage of CO{sub 2} (CAC in Spanish acronym) and the different systems of a capture. CAC (Capture and Storage of CO{sub 2}) is to separate, and therefore to concentrate, the CO{sub 2} from the fossil fuel combustion gases and transport it to the geologic underground storage in a permanent and safe way. (Author)

  20. Relation of Persistent Depressive Symptoms to Coronary Artery Calcification in Women Aged 46 to 59 Years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janssen, Imke; Powell, Lynda H; Matthews, Karen A; Jasielec, Mateusz S; Hollenberg, Steven M; Bromberger, Joyce T; Sutton-Tyrrell, Kim; Everson-Rose, Susan A

    2016-06-15

    Depressive disorders have been associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD), but the impact of depression on early atherogenesis has not been well described, particularly in women and minorities. The relation between repeated episodes of high depressive symptoms and coronary calcium (CAC) is unknown in women at midlife when depression is common. Participants in the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation Heart study were assessed annually for depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale [CES-D scale]) over 5 years before CAC assessment and classified as high (CES-D ≥16) or not. CAC, measured by computed tomography, was analyzed as a categorical variable using cumulative logit partial proportional odds models. In these middle-aged women free of CVD and diabetes (194 black, 334 white), high depressive symptoms over 5 years were common; 19% had 1, 9% had 2, and 11% experienced ≥3 episodes. CAC was low; 54% had no CAC, 25% had scores from 0 to 10, and 21% had CAC ≥10 Agatston score. After adjusting for CVD risk factors, women with ≥3 episodes were twice as likely to have significant CAC (≥10 Agatston units) than women with no depressive episodes (odds ratio 2.20, 95% confidence interval 1.13 to 4.28, p = 0.020) with no difference by race. Women with 1 or 2 episodes did not differ from women with no episodes. In conclusion, in healthy women aged 46 to 59 years without clinical CVD or diabetes, persistent depressive symptoms were significantly associated with elevated CAC scores, suggesting that they are more likely to have pathophysiological and behavioral effects on the development of subclinical CVD than does a single episode of elevated depressive symptoms. PMID:27138181