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Sample records for burnout em agentes

  1. Burnout em Cuidadores Formais

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Juliana Marisa Fernandes

    2016-01-01

    Dissertação apresentada à Universidade Fernando Pessoa como parte dos requisitos para a obtenção do grau de Mestre em Psicologia, ramo de Psicologia Clínica e da Saúde Este estudo é sobre a Síndrome de Burnout e teve como objetivo geral compreender se o Burnout está presente nos cuidadores formais da Santa Casa da Misericórdia de Castelo de Paiva e quais as variáveis socioprofissionais que poderão exercer influência no seu aparecimento. Pretendeu-se avaliar o Burnout dos cuidadores a tr...

  2. Burnout em residentes de enfermagem

    OpenAIRE

    Gianfábio Pimentel Franco; Alba Lúcia Bottura Leite de Barros; Luiz Antônio Nogueira-Martins; Sandra Salloum Zeitoun

    2011-01-01

    Enfermeiros Residentes podem experimentar desgaste físico e emocional decorrentes do cotidiano da Residência de Enfermagem. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a incidência do Burnout em Residentes de Enfermagem. Realizou-se um estudo exploratório, descritivo, analítico e longitudinal-prospectivo com 16 Residentes, no período de dois anos. Utilizou-se o Maslach Burnout Inventory traduzido e validado para o Brasil e um instrumento de dados sociodemográficos/ocupacionais. Dos Residentes, 17....

  3. Síndrome de Burnout em Agentes comunitários de saúde e estratégias de enfrentamento Burnout Syndrome in community health agents and coping strategiesstela

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    Heloisa Telles

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigação propõe-se a verificar a ocorrência da Síndrome de Burnout em Agentes Comunitários de Saúde, visto que esses profissionais trabalham diretamente no cuidado a outras pessoas - característica prevalente em tal Síndrome -, bem como as estratégias de enfrentamento utilizadas. Optou-se pelo método descritivo, transversal e quantitativo. Foram aplicados o questionário Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI e a Escala Modos de Enfrentamento de Problemas (EMEP. A amostra constituiu-se por 80 ACS, escolhidos aleatoriamente entre aqueles admitidos há pelo menos dois anos no serviço público municipal. Verificou-se que se trata de uma amostra predominantemente do sexo feminino (93,75%, com filhos (68,75%, na faixa etária de 20 a 30 anos (35% e com companheiro fixo (60%. A renda per capita de 38,75% é de menos de um salário mínimo; 53,04% estão nesse trabalho há mais de seis anos e relatam ter vida sedentária. O MBI revela um sentimento de deterioração da percepção da própria competência dos profissionais e, também, falta de satisfação com o próprio trabalho. Eles demonstram estar emocionalmente esgotados e verifica-se o desenvolvimento incipiente de sentimentos e atitudes negativas, além de cinismo para com as pessoas por eles atendidas. O Modo de Enfrentamento mais utilizado são as estratégias focalizadas no problema, seguidas pela busca de práticas religiosas/pensamento fantasioso. Verificam-se indícios de sofrimento característicos da Síndrome de Burnout, com o esforço de buscar mecanismos que auxiliem no enfrentamento de problemas relacionados ao trabalho. Sugerem-se estratégias de acolhimento a esses profissionais, de forma a auxiliá-los a lidar com o sofrimento no trabalho.This research aims to verify the occurrence of the Burnout Syndrome in Community Health Agents (CHA. These professionals work directly in care delivery to other people, and this is a prevalent characteristic in this Syndrome

  4. Burnout em cuidados paliativos

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    Simões, Sílvia Cristina Almeida

    2013-01-01

    Dissertação apresentada ao Instituto Politécnico de Castelo Branco para cumprimento dos requisitos necessário à obtenção de grau de Mestre em Cuidados Paliativos. O presente trabalho foi realizado no âmbito do 3º semestre do 1º Curso de Mestrado em Cuidados Paliativos, da Escola Superior de Saúde Dr. Lopes Dias. O trabalho encontra-se estruturado em quatro capítulos: o primeiro diz respeito ao relatório da prática clínica, o segundo aborda o enquadramento teórico sobre a Síndrome de Bur...

  5. Burnout em profissionais de bibliotecas

    OpenAIRE

    Fabiana Neme Nogueira Ramos; Carmen Maria Bueno Neme

    2014-01-01

    O estresse excessivo relacionado ao trabalho, denominado “Burn out”, é descrito como uma síndrome ou conjunto de sintomas resultantes da exaustão e perda de interesse pelo trabalho. O bibliotecário realiza atendimento ao público e atividades técnico-administrativas que incluem tomada de decisões e resolução de conflitos. Este estudo investigou níveis de Burnout de 24 profissionais de bibliotecas de três universidades, que responderam o Inventário Maslach de Burnout (MBI). O estudo consiste ta...

  6. Burnout em tenistas brasileiros infanto-juvenis

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    Pedro de Orleans Casagrande

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo teve como objetivo investigar a síndrome de burnout em tenistas infanto-juvenis brasileiros. A amostra foi composta por 88 tenistas sendo 69 meninos (M= 15.3 anos, DP= 1.2 e 19 meninas (M= 15.1 anos, DP= 1.3 que responderam ao Questionário de Burnout para Atletas e a um questionário de caracterização. Utilizou-se de estatística descritiva (frequências, percentuais, máximo e mínimo e inferencial não-paramétrica (Kruskall-Wallis e Mann Whitney, estabelecendo-se significância de p< 0.05. Tenistas com menor tempo de prática (1 a 3 anos apresentaram menores índices de exaustão física e emocional (p= 0.005,  D= −0.57 quando comparados com os que treinavam há mais tempo (4 a 7 anos. Tenistas com menor volume de treino (até 10 horas por semana apresentaram maiores índices de burnout (p= 0.009, D= 0.33, desvalorização desportiva (p= 0.011, D= 0.56 e baixo senso de realização desportiva (p= 0.002, D= 0.44 do que os com maior volume (11 a 20 horas por semana. As associações encontradas vão ao encontro de pressupostos teóricos da síndrome de burnout em atletas e pesquisas que investigaram essa população.

  7. Burnout em residentes de enfermagem Burnout en residentes de enfermería Burnout in nursing residents

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    Gianfábio Pimentel Franco; Alba Lúcia Bottura Leite de Barros; Luiz Antônio Nogueira-Martins; Sandra Salloum Zeitoun

    2011-01-01

    Enfermeiros Residentes podem experimentar desgaste físico e emocional decorrentes do cotidiano da Residência de Enfermagem. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a incidência do Burnout em Residentes de Enfermagem. Realizou-se um estudo exploratório, descritivo, analítico e longitudinal-prospectivo com 16 Residentes, no período de dois anos. Utilizou-se o Maslach Burnout Inventory traduzido e validado para o Brasil e um instrumento de dados sociodemográficos/ocupacionais. Dos Residentes, 17....

  8. Burnout em residentes de enfermagem Burnout en residentes de enfermería Burnout in nursing residents

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    Gianfábio Pimentel Franco

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Enfermeiros Residentes podem experimentar desgaste físico e emocional decorrentes do cotidiano da Residência de Enfermagem. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a incidência do Burnout em Residentes de Enfermagem. Realizou-se um estudo exploratório, descritivo, analítico e longitudinal-prospectivo com 16 Residentes, no período de dois anos. Utilizou-se o Maslach Burnout Inventory traduzido e validado para o Brasil e um instrumento de dados sociodemográficos/ocupacionais. Dos Residentes, 17.2% mostraram valores elevados em Exaustão Emocional e Despersonalização; 18.8% comprometimento em Incompetência/falta de Realização Profissional, dos quais 75% pertenciam às especialidades de Pronto Socorro, Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Adulto e Pediátrica. Idade e especialidade correlacionaram-se positivamente com a Incompetência/falta de Realização Profissional. Identificou-se um Residente de Enfermagem com alteração nas três subescalas do Maslach Burnout Inventory, sendo caracterizado como portador da Síndrome de Burnout. Os Residentes de enfermagem possuem perfis de adoecimento. Conhecer esses fatores pode minimizar os agravos à saúde desse trabalhador.Los Enfermeros Residentes pueden experimentar desgaste físico y emocional derivado del trabajo cotidiano de la Residencia de Enfermería. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la incidencia del Burnout en residentes de enfermería. Se realizó un estudio exploratorio, descriptivo, analítico y longitudinal-prospectivo con 16 Residentes, en el período de dos años. Se utilizó el Maslach Burnout Inventory traducido y validado para Brasil y un instrumento de datos socio-demográficos/ocupacionales. 17,2% de los Residentes mostraron valores elevados en Agotamiento Emocional y Despersonalización, respectivamente; 18,8% compromiso en Incompetencia/falta de Realización Profesional, entre estos, 75% pertenecían a las especialidades de Emergencias, Unidad de Terapia Intensiva de

  9. Burnout em contexto perioperatório

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    Galvão, Ana Maria; Gonçalves, Ana Rita Veloso; Certo, Ana

    2014-01-01

    As empresas num contexto mundial estão a passar por momentos de grande desenvolvimento de informações e tecnologias. Nestes ambientes o Burnout está bastante presente, sendo este considerado uma síndrome de cansaço físico e emocional que conduz a uma falta de motivação para o trabalho, conduzindo a um progressivo sentimento de inadequação e fracasso. Analisar qual o nível de stress, o nível de Burnout experienciado e as estratégias de coping que utilizam Enfermeiros Perioperatórios. ...

  10. Síndrome de Burnout em graduandos de Odontologia Burnout syndrome among dental students

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    Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available A Síndrome de Burnout caracteriza-se por esgotamento profissional e tem sido relatada em estudantes universitários. O objetivo desse estudo foi estimar a prevalência da Síndrome de Burnout em estudantes de Odontologia de uma universidade pública e sua relação com características sociodemográficas. Todos os estudantes (n = 300 foram convidados a participar. Utilizou-se o Inventário de Burnout de Maslach - versão estudantes (MBI-SS. Realizou-se análise das propriedades psicométricas do MBI-SS. Para comparação entre os escores médios das dimensões do Burnout realizou-se Análise de Variância Multivariada (MANOVA seguida de Análise de Variância (ANOVA e testes post-hoc de Tukey. Dos 235 participantes, 72,8% eram mulheres e a média de idade era de 21,0 ± 1,8 anos. O MBI-SS mostrou-se confiável e válido. Dos estudantes, 17,0% apresentaram a Síndrome de Burnout. Verificou-se relação significativa entre a Síndrome de Burnout e o desempenho do estudante no curso (F = 4,433, p The burnout syndrome is characterized by professional exhaustion and has been reported in college students. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of Burnout Syndrome among dentistry students from a public university, and its relationship to socio-demographic characteristics. All students (n = 300 were invited to participate. We used the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Student Version (MBI-SS. We carried out an analysis of the MBI-SS' psychometric properties. Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA was performed, followed by Analysis of Variance (ANOVA and Tukey's post-hoc tests to compare the mean scores of burnout dimensions. Of the 235 participants, 72.8% were women and the mean age was 21.0 ± 1.8 years. The MBI-SS was reliable and valid. Of the students, 17.0% had Burnout Syndrome. There was a significant relation between Burnout Syndrome and a student's performance during the course (F = 4.433, p < 0.001, medication intake because of

  11. Diagnóstico do burnout em contexto angolano

    OpenAIRE

    Icuma, Sheila de Mara Vicente

    2010-01-01

    O Burnout é um conceito multidimensional e é definido como “um síndroma psicológico de exaustão emocional, despersonalização e reduzida realização profissional e pode ocorrer em indivíduos que trabalhem com outras pessoas (Maslach e Jackson, 1986). O facto de não existirem estudos referentes ao Burnout em contexto angolano, constituiu uma das motivações para a realização do estudo. Destinou-se também contribuir para a validação dos instrumentos utilizados. A presente dissertação pretend...

  12. Burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Woitsch, Marek

    2015-01-01

    This thesis deals with the issue of burnout. The work is divided into two parts. The theoretical part defines the concepts of burnout, its risks, symptoms, stages and treatment. The second part deals with research in gastronomy and in the helping professions through MBI questionnaire. Its aim is to determine the level of burnout of the sample according to gender, age group and length of practice. Results analyze and determine which group is more vulnerable.

  13. Síndrome de burnout em profissionais da área forense

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    Postay, Daniela Macagnan

    2013-01-01

    Dissertação de Mestrado em Psicocriminologia, apresentada ao ISPA - Instituto Universitário A Síndrome de Burnout é definida como um esgotamento psicológico que ocorre no ambiente laboral. Este artigo objetiva apresentar uma revisão de literatura a respeito da Síndrome de Burnout, suas características, fatores que influenciam o seu desenvolvimento, sua sintomatologia e as consequências que a Síndrome acarreta. Concluímos que a Síndrome de Burnout é desenvolvida em função de uma...

  14. Solutions to Burnout and Retention as Perceived by County Extension Agents of the Colorado State University Extension System

    OpenAIRE

    Matt Benge; Amy Harder; Jeff Goodwin

    2015-01-01

    This study explored solutions to the issue of burnout and retention of Extension agents. Extension agents experience burnout for reasons such as long hours, stress, and organizational factors. As Extension administration addresses job satisfaction and performance of Extension employees, burnout and retention issues identified in this study can facilitate efforts to enhance the effectiveness of a statewide Extension program. Herzberg’s Motivation-Hygiene Theory was the theoretical framework fo...

  15. Saúde organizacional e síndrome de burnout em escolas e hospitais

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    Etienne Andrade de Medeiros Dantas; Livia de Oliveira Borges

    2012-01-01

    Estudou-se a prevalência da síndrome de burnout em instituições hospitalares e escolares em conformidade com a saúde organizacional dessas instituições. A pesquisa empírica foi realizada em três escolas públicas de ensino médio e em três hospitais públicos, sendo um geral, um especializado e outro militar. Contou-se com amostra acidental de 168 participantes. Para avaliação da prevalência da síndrome de burnout, aplicaram-se o Inventário de Burnout de Maslach (MBI) e uma ficha sociodemográfic...

  16. O diagnóstico da síndrome de burnout nos atletas: validação do Atleta Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ) em Cabo Verde

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    Lopes Furtado, Euclides Manuel

    2016-01-01

    Este estudo teve como objetivo principal adaptar para o português o Athlete Burnout Questionnaire, à semelhança de vários estudos de adaptação para outros idiomas. O ABQ é um instrumento que reúne um amplo consenso a nível internacional pelo fato de ter evidenciado boas propriedades psicométricas na avaliação de burnout em atletas norte-americanos, na altura da sua criação, e em estudos posteriores realizados noutros países. A acompanhar este objetivo aparece o de conhecer o índice de burnout...

  17. Burnout em profissionais que trabalham no atendimento a vítimas de violência

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    Cláudia dos Santos

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a Síndrome de Burnout em profissionais que atendem vítimas de violência em instituições. Também procurou identificar associações das dimensões de burnout com variáveis demográficas, laborais e psicossociais. Foi utilizado como instrumento de pesquisa o MBI - Maslach Burnout Inventory e um questionário elaborado especificamente para este estudo para as demais variáveis. A amostra de conveniência foi constituída de 30 profissionais que atendem diretamente vítimas de violência. Resultados obtidos através da prova t de student, ANOVA e correlação de Pearson revelam que as dimensões de burnout se associaram à carga horária desenvolvida, ao tempo de experiência na função e no local, ao pensamento de desistir da profissão, a satisfação percebida no trabalho e a percepção de que a profissão é estressante. Abstract The aim of this study is to evaluate the Burnout Syndrome in professionals who work in caring for victims of violence. It also tried to identify associations of burnout dimensions with demographic, professional and psychosocial variables. The MBI- Maslach Burnout Inventory and a questionnaire specially designed for this study and other variables were used as a research tool. The sample was made up of 30 professionals and a protection foundation. Results obtained through the test of t de student, ANOVA and the correlation of Pearson reveal that the burnout dimension is associated with the amount of hours spent, the experience in the position and in the place, the thoughts of giving up the profession, job satisfaction, and the perception of how stressful the profession is.

  18. Saúde organizacional e síndrome de burnout em escolas e hospitais

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    Etienne Andrade de Medeiros Dantas

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Estudou-se a prevalência da síndrome de burnout em instituições hospitalares e escolares em conformidade com a saúde organizacional dessas instituições. A pesquisa empírica foi realizada em três escolas públicas de ensino médio e em três hospitais públicos, sendo um geral, um especializado e outro militar. Contou-se com amostra acidental de 168 participantes. Para avaliação da prevalência da síndrome de burnout, aplicaram-se o Inventário de Burnout de Maslach (MBI e uma ficha sociodemográfica. Para análise de saúde organizacional, foram realizadas entrevistas semi-estruturadas com pessoas-chave das organizações, utilizando um roteiro baseado nos fatores-componentes do construto. Os resultados corroboram a expectativa de alta prevalência da síndrome de burnout. Entretanto, não se encontraram diferenças de prevalência entre as instituições participantes, embora os participantes das escolas apresentem escores mais elevados no fator de Diminuição da Realização Pessoal. Em relação à variação da saúde organizacional, observou-se uma precária saúde organizacional em todas as instituições pesquisadas.  No entanto, considerando a alta prevalência da síndrome de burnout, é adequado assinalar que os resultados corroboram a previsão de que um ambiente de saúde organizacional deficiente amplia a probabilidade de desenvolvimento da síndrome pelos trabalhadores.

  19. Síndrome de Burnout em residentes multiprofissionais de uma universidade pública

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    Laura de Azevedo Guido

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Os Programas de Residência Multiprofissional buscam romper com os paradigmas em relação à formação de profissionais para o Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS e contribuir para qualificar os serviços de saúde a partir de ações inovadoras. Entretanto, características específicas desses programas podem agregar estressores aos residentes e, levarem à Sídrome de Burnout. Dessa forma, verificou-se a ocorrência da Síndrome de Burnout nos Residentes Multiprofissionais da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria. Este estudo trata-se de um estudo descritivo, transversal e quantitativo. Aplicaram-se um formulário de dados sociodemográficos e o Versão Human Service Survey do Marlash Burnout Inventory em 37 residentes, entre abril e junho de 2011. Observou-se que 37,84% apresentaram Alta Exaustão Emocional; 43,24%, Alta Despersonalização; e 48,65%, Baixa Realização Profissional. Na associação dos domínios, verificou-se que 27% apresentaram indicativo para Síndrome de Burnout. Os residentes pesquisados estão expostos aos estressores da profissão e da formação, o que pode favorecer a ocorrência da síndrome nesses profissionais.

  20. Síndrome de Burnout em farmacêuticos

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    Araújo, Emiliana Alexandra Vale

    2014-01-01

    A síndrome de burnout encontra-se definida como um nível elevado de exaustão física e emocional que se caracteriza pela presença de três dimensões: exaustão emocional, despersonalização e realização pessoal. Os profissionais que sofrem de burnout apresentam índices elevados de exaustão emocional e despersonalização e níveis baixos de realização pessoal, sendo que a presença desta síndrome se traduz numa consequente e progressiva diminuição da capacidade de trabalho, interesse e aumento de dif...

  1. Burnout and Stress Among Nurses in a University Tertiary Hospital Burnout y estrés en enfermeros de un hospital universitario de alta complejidad Burnout e estresse em enfermeiros de um hospital universitário de alta complexidade

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    Vera Regina Lorenz

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This cross-sectional, analytical and correlational study investigated the existence of Burnout based on a sample of 149 nurses of a university tertiary hospital from October to December 2008 and correlate Burnout with stressors in the hospital work environment. The Maslach Burnout Inventory, the Nurses’ Stress Inventory and a questionnaire to characterize the subjects were applied. The results indicated the presence of Burnout in 7.3% of nurses (quartile and 10.22% (tercile, and also a correlation among the inventories’ domains. Vulnerability to this type of illness among nurses was increased by stress experienced in the work environment.Se trata de un estudio transversal, analítico y de correlación que tuvo por objetivo investigar la existencia de Burnout en una muestra de 149 enfermeros de un hospital universitario de alta complejidad, en el período de octubre a diciembre de 2008, correlacionándolo con factores de estrés del ambiente de trabajo hospitalario. Fueron aplicados el Inventario de Burnout de Maslach, el Inventario de Estrés en Enfermeros y una ficha de caracterización de los sujetos. Los resultados indicaron la presencia de las tres dimensiones indicativas de Burnout en 7,3% de los enfermeros (cuartil y 10,22% (tercil, así como la correlación entre dominios de los inventarios. La vulnerabilidad para ese tipo de enfermedad, en enfermeros, fue potencializada por la existencia de factores de estrés en el ambiente de trabajo.Estudo transversal, analítico e correlacional que objetivou investigar a existência de Burnout em amostra de 149 enfermeiros de um hospital universitário de alta complexidade, no período de outubro a dezembro de 2008, correlacionando-o com estressores do ambiente de trabalho hospitalar. Foram aplicados o inventário de Burnout de Maslach, o inventário de estresse em enfermeiros e uma ficha de caracterização dos sujeitos. Os resultados indicaram a presença das três dimensões sugestivas de

  2. Síndrome de Burnout em prestadores de cuidados de saúde em lares de terceira idade

    OpenAIRE

    Vaz, Mário João Ferreira

    2013-01-01

    Introdução: A Síndrome de Burnout definida por Shirom como um estado afetivo crónico composto por Fadiga Física, Fadiga Cognitiva e Exaustão Emocional. É entendida como uma consequência do trabalho em que o indivíduo não consegue lidar com as exigências deste a longo prazo. A sua correlação com sintomas (distúrbios do sono, cefaleias recorrentes, problemas gastrointestinais) e biomarcadores (proteína C reativa, fibrinogénio, fator de necrose tumoral-α) tem vindo a ser demonstrada ao longo dos...

  3. Apoyo social como factor protector a la salud frente al Síndrome de Burnout en agentes de vialidad, México Social support as a protective health factor from burn-out syndrome in traffic agents, Mexico

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    Carolina Aranda Beltrán; Manuel Pando Moreno; José G. Salazar Estrada; Teresa M. Torres López; Ma. Guadalupe Aldrete Rodríguez

    2010-01-01

    Objetivo: del trabajo fue determinar la relación entre las redes sociales de apoyo y el Síndrome de burnout en agentes de vialidad en una ciudad de México. Métodos: El diseño es transversal. La población la conformaron 875 hombres y mujeres que laboraban en cualquier turno. Se aplicaron dos instrumentos, la Escala de Valoración de Maslach Burnout Inventory, y el Inventario de Recursos Sociales de Díaz Veiga modificado. El análisis consistió principalmente en el determinar las posibles asociac...

  4. Solutions to Burnout and Retention as Perceived by County Extension Agents of the Colorado State University Extension System

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    Matt Benge

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This study explored solutions to the issue of burnout and retention of Extension agents. Extension agents experience burnout for reasons such as long hours, stress, and organizational factors. As Extension administration addresses job satisfaction and performance of Extension employees, burnout and retention issues identified in this study can facilitate efforts to enhance the effectiveness of a statewide Extension program. Herzberg’s Motivation-Hygiene Theory was the theoretical framework for this study. Researchers used the constant-comparative method of analysis to identify recurring themes from the open-ended items of an online-administered survey. Twelve primary themes emerged, including (a compensation, (b hiring practices, (c promotion and advancement within Extension, (d organizational support regarding agent development, (e organizational support regarding administration, (f organizational support regarding colleagues, (g reporting, (h recognition, (i resources, (j personnel and staffing, (k evaluation of administration and specialists, and (l workload. Results suggest that Extension administration should focus on the maintenance factors of compensation, workload, and internal promotion and advancement, as well as motivating factors, to improve retention of Extension agents.

  5. Ansiedade, depressão e burnout em enfermeiros: Impacto do trabalho por turnos Ansiedad, depresión y burnout en enfermeros: Impacto de trabajo por turnos Anxiety, depression and burnout in nurses: Impact of shift work

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    Vanessa Oliveira

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi conhecer os níveis de ansiedade, depressão e burnout em enfermeiros que trabalham por turnos. A recolha de dados foi realizada através de um questionário que engloba dois instrumentos previamente traduzidos e validados para a população portuguesa: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS e Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI. Este questionário foi aplicado antes e após o turno da tarde. Em ambos os momentos, os inquiridos obtiveram níveis médios de exaustão emocional e baixos níveis de realização pessoal e de despersonalização (MBI. Relativamente à ansiedade e à depressão, os valores obtidos foram compatíveis com um nível moderado de ansiedade e ligeiro de depressão (HADS. Não se encontraram diferenças estatisticamente significativas (dos níveis de ansiedade, depressão e burnout do primeiro para o segundo momento de avaliação. É fundamental que o profissional de saúde responsável pela gestão esteja desperto para estas questões, podendo, assim, adotar medidas preventivas.El objetivo de este trabajo se centró en conocer los niveles de ansiedad, depresión y burnout en enfermeras que trabajan por turnos. La recolección de datos se realizó mediante la elaboración de un cuestionario que incluyó dos instrumentos previamente traducidos y validados para la población portuguesa: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS y Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI. Este cuestionario fue aplicado antes y después del turno de la tarde. En ambos momentos, los participantes obtuvieron niveles promedio de agotamiento emocional, niveles bajos de realización personal y de despersonalización (MBI. Con respecto a la ansiedad y la depresión, los valores obtenidos concuerdan con un nivel moderado de ansiedad y de depresión leve (HADS. No se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas (de niveles de ansiedad, depresión y burnout entre la primera y segunda etapa de evaluación. Es esencial que

  6. Apoyo social como factor protector a la salud frente al Síndrome de Burnout en agentes de vialidad, México Social support as a protective health factor from burn-out syndrome in traffic agents, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Aranda Beltrán

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: del trabajo fue determinar la relación entre las redes sociales de apoyo y el Síndrome de burnout en agentes de vialidad en una ciudad de México. Métodos: El diseño es transversal. La población la conformaron 875 hombres y mujeres que laboraban en cualquier turno. Se aplicaron dos instrumentos, la Escala de Valoración de Maslach Burnout Inventory, y el Inventario de Recursos Sociales de Díaz Veiga modificado. El análisis consistió principalmente en el determinar las posibles asociaciones entre las variables de estudio. Resultados: La prevalencia del Síndrome de Burnout fue del 54,9 %, las redes sociales fueron catalogadas de muy buenas a regulares y las asociaciones fueron significativamente positivas entre ambas variables. Discusión: Se llega a la conclusión de que pese a la muy buena red de apoyo que se reportó, parece ser que éstas no fueron lo suficientemente contundentes, sobre todo en el aspecto objetivo y el síndrome, por lo que alguna estrategia de solución deberá ser implementada de manera individual, grupal y organizacional.Objective: This study was geared towards determining the relationship between social support networks and burnout syndrome of traffic agents in a city of Mexico. Methods: The design was cross-sectional. The population consisted of 875 men and women who were working at any shift. Two instruments were applied, the Maslach Burnout Inventory valuation scale, and the modified Social Resources Inventory by Diaz Veiga. The analysis was focused on possible associations between the studied variables. Results: The prevalence of burnout syndrome was 54,9 %; social networks were rated from very good to mediocre and the associations between both variables were significantly positive. Discussion: It was concluded that despite the very good support networks reported, it appears that the latter were not sufficiently strong, especially in the objective aspect and the syndrome, so that any strategy for

  7. Síndrome de Burnout em residentes multiprofissionais de uma universidade pública Síndrome de Burnout en residentes multiprofesionales de una universidad pública Burnout syndrome in multiprofessional residents of a public university

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    Laura de Azevedo Guido

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Os Programas de Residência Multiprofissional buscam romper com os paradigmas em relação à formação de profissionais para o Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS e contribuir para qualificar os serviços de saúde a partir de ações inovadoras. Entretanto, características específicas desses programas podem agregar estressores aos residentes e, levarem à Sídrome de Burnout. Dessa forma, verificou-se a ocorrência da Síndrome de Burnout nos Residentes Multiprofissionais da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria. Este estudo trata-se de um estudo descritivo, transversal e quantitativo. Aplicaram-se um formulário de dados sociodemográficos e o Versão Human Service Survey do Marlash Burnout Inventory em 37 residentes, entre abril e junho de 2011. Observou-se que 37,84% apresentaram Alta Exaustão Emocional; 43,24%, Alta Despersonalização; e 48,65%, Baixa Realização Profissional. Na associação dos domínios, verificou-se que 27% apresentaram indicativo para Síndrome de Burnout. Os residentes pesquisados estão expostos aos estressores da profissão e da formação, o que pode favorecer a ocorrência da síndrome nesses profissionais.Los Programas de Residencia Multiprofesional buscan romper los paradigmas relativos a la formación de profesionales para el Sistema Único de Salud (SUS y contribuir a calificar los servicios de salud con acciones innovadoras. Sin embargo, las características específicas de estos programas se pueden añadir estrés a los residentes y llevar a la Síndrome Burnout. Se verificó la presencia de Síndrome de Burnout en los Residentes Multiprofesionales de la Universidad Federal de Santa Maria. Estudio descriptivo, transversal, cuantitativo. Se aplicó un formulario de datos sociodemográficos y el Versión Human Service Survey del Marlash Burnout Inventory a 37 residentes de abril a junio de 2011. Se observó que 37,84% presentaba Alto Agotamiento Emocional, 43,4% Alta Despersonalización y 48,65% Baja Realizaci

  8. Os valores organizacionais e a Síndrome de Burnout: dois momentos em uma maternidade pública Organizational values and Burnout Syndrome: two moments in a public day-care center

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    Livia de Oliveira Borges

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Estudos anteriores têm assinalado a associação da incidência da síndrome de burnout e os valores organizacionais (valores atribuídos às organizações pelos empregados em um nível ideal e real. Em tal contexto, foi desenvolvida pesquisa em uma maternidade pública em 2003, replicando uma pesquisa anterior realizada em 2000, objetivando comparar os resultados. Aplicaram-se o Inventário de Valores Organizacionais e o Inventário de Maslach sobre burnout, numa amostra de 48 profissionais de saúde, e entrevistas, numa sub-amostra. Os resultados indicaram ocorrer uma redução nas diferenças entre níveis de análise ideais e reais dos valores organizacionais, principalmente no pólo de igualitarismo. Esses resultados associam-se às mudanças na gestão organizacional. Os níveis de burnout entre os profissionais de saúde apresentaram-se estáveis. A associação entre os valores organizacionais da maternidade e a síndrome de burnout muda, porém é contraposta pela tensão oriunda no aumento da carga de trabalho e nos salários.Previous studies have shown that the association between the incidence of Burnout Syndrome and organizational values (values attributed by employees to organizations on ideal and real levels. In this context, in 2003, a research at a public day-care center was developed, replicating a previous one accomplished in 2000, with the objective to compare the results. The Inventory of Organizational Values and the Maslasch Burnout Inventory were applied with the samples of 48 health professionals. Interviews were applied too. The results indicate that a reduction of differences between ideal and real levels of organizational values occur, notably in the equalitarian pole. These results associate to changes on organizational management. Levels of burnout were stable among health professionals. The association between organizational values of the day-care center and Burnout Syndrome change, but it is refuted by the

  9. Trabalho e síndrome da estafa profissional (Síndrome de Burnout em médicos intensivistas de Salvador Professional Burnout Syndrome among intensive care physicians in Salvador, Brazil

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    Márcia Oliveira Staffa Tironi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever a prevalência da Síndrome de Burnout em médicos intensivistas de Salvador, associando-a a dados demográficos e aspectos da situação de trabalho (demanda psicológica e controle sobre o trabalho. MÉTODOS: Um estudo de corte transversal investigou a associação entre aspectos psicossocias do trabalho e a síndrome da estafa profissional em uma população de 297 médicos intensivistas de Salvador, Bahia. Um questionário individual autoaplicável avaliou aspectos psicossociais do trabalho, utilizando o modelo demanda-controle (Job Content Questionnaire e a saúde mental dos médicos, usando Inventário de Burnout de Maslach (MBI. RESULTADOS: Constatou-se elevada sobrecarga de trabalho e de trabalho em regime de plantão. A prevalência da Síndrome da Estafa Profissional (Burnout foi de 7,4% e estava mais fortemente associada com aspectos da demanda psicológica do trabalho do que com o controle deste por parte dos médicos intensivistas. CONCLUSÃO: Médicos com trabalho de alta exigência (alta demanda e baixo controle apresentaram 10,2 vezes mais burnout que aqueles com trabalho de baixa exigência (baixa demanda e alto controle.OBJECTIVE: Describe prevalence of the Burnout syndrome in intensive care physicians of Salvador, associated to demographic data and aspects of the work environment (psychological demand and job control. METHODS: This cross sectional study has investigated the association between work conditions and Burnout Syndrome in a population of 297 Intensive Care Physicians from Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. An individual, self-report questionnaire evaluated the physicians' psychological aspects of work, using the demand-control model (Job Content Questionnaire and their mental health, using the Maslash Burnout Inventory (MBI. RESULTS: The study found work overload,a high proportion of on duty physicians and low income for the hours worked. Prevalence of the Burnout Syndrome was 7.4% and it was more closely

  10. Burnout e o significado do trabalho: a importância das redes sociais em guardas prisionais

    OpenAIRE

    Afonso, Paulo Jorge Alberto

    2008-01-01

    Mestrado em Psicologia Social e das Organizações Com este estudo pretendemos investigar de que forma o Significado do Trabalho e as Redes Sociais influenciam o Burnout numa população específica: Os Guardas Prisionais. Com uma amostra de 161 guardas prisionais e recorrendo a análise de redes sociais e uma nova medida do significado do trabalho, identificámos um modelo estrutural que revela o papel mediador do significado do trabalho na relação entre a manipulação, as redes sociais ...

  11. Burnout syndrome in senior undergraduate nursing Síndrome de Burnout en estudiantes del último año de graduación en enfermería Síndrome de Burnout em acadêmicos do último ano da graduação em enfermagem

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    Rayama de Oliveira

    2012-01-01

    associados à Síndrome de Burnout entre acadêmicos cursando o último ano da graduação em Enfermagem. MÉTODOS: Pesquisa de abordagem quantitativa, exploratória descritiva, realizada em uma Universidade privada da região metropolitana de Porto Alegre (Rio Grande do Sul, com amostra intencional de 42 estudantes dos sétimo e oitavo semestres, matriculados no 1º semestre de 2011, por meio da aplicação do instrumento Burnout Inventory Student Survey. A amostra representou 76,3% da população pesquisada. RESULTADOS: Quanto aos índices de Burnout, verificou-se que a eficácia profissional foi a dimensão que atingiu maior índice médio (5,03, seguida pela exaustão emocional (3,26 e descrença (1,57. CONCLUSÃO: A Síndrome de Burnout não foi identificada entre os participantes, como também não foram reconhecidos fatores associados à mesma. Apenas observou-se que os acadêmicos com filhos possuem menor exaustão emocional.

  12. Burnout mechanizms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Different causes of the burnout are reviewed. Possible burnout mechanism are enumerated. Burnout at pool boaling is compared with burnout under forced convection. Experiments on burnout visualization and measurement of the consumption in the film at burnout are described. The entrainment diagram is introduced, and its analytical presentation is discussed. Different burnout zones are considered and the notion of controlled precipitation is mentioned. The application of the technique of annular flows modelling is described

  13. Burnout e enfrentamento em jogadores de futebol: fases pré e durante competição

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    Carlos Eduardo Lopes Verardi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: No contexto esportivo, a falta de estratégias adequadas de enfrentamento e a síndrome de Burnout podem ser fatores limitadores do desenvolvimento e desempenho dos atletas. OBJETIVO: Avaliar Burnout e formas de enfrentamento entre jogadores de futebol, profissionais e de categorias de base, durante as fases pré-competição e competição. MÉTODOS: Em estudo prospectivo, foram avaliados 73 jogadores de futebol do sexo masculino, sendo 32 profissionais (média de idade = 22 ± 4,14 anos e 41 amadores (média de idade = 17 ± 0,94 anos, todos integrantes de três equipes participantes do Campeonato Paulista das Séries A-1 e A-2 (categoria profissional e Copa São Paulo de Futebol Júnior (categoria amador, Estado de São Paulo, Brasil. Para avaliar as variáveis Burnout e estratégias de enfrentamento foram utilizados os instrumentos: escala modos de enfretamento de problema (EMEP e o questionário de Burnout para atletas (QBA. Utilizou-se estatística descritiva para análise dos dados, com nível de significância de 0,05. RESULTADOS: Observou-se que há diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre as categorias na fase pré-competição (p = 0,026, mas que não há diferenças na fase de competição (p = 0,468. Isso sugere que amadores e profissionais utilizam estratégias de enfrentamento distintas, que na maioria dos casos, para as duas categorias, foram focalizadas no problema. CONCLUSÃO: Durante a fase de competição os atletas com escores mais elevados de Burnout referentes à dimensão reduzido senso de realização esportiva estão associados ao modo de enfrentamento focalizado nas práticas religiosas/pensamento fantasioso.

  14. Burnout em fisioterapeutas a trabalhar nos hospitais da ARS do centro

    OpenAIRE

    Pais, Helena Isabel Cunha Proença Almeida

    2014-01-01

    Enquadramento: O fisioterapeuta, durante a execução das suas actividades profissionais, está exposto a cargas emocionais e físicas que o leva muitas vezes a um estado de exaustão emocional conhecido por Burnout Objectivos: Determinar a prevalência dos índices de burnout nos fisioterapeutas a trabalhar nos hospitais da Região de Saúde do Centro, determinar a influência das variáveis socio demográficas e profissionais e avaliar a influência das variáveis psicológicas no síndrome ...

  15. Inteligência emocional, engagement e burnout em professores do 2º e 3º Ciclos e Secundário da RAM

    OpenAIRE

    Andrade, Cláudia Alexandra Rodrigues

    2013-01-01

    Este estudo teve como objetivos compreender a inteligência emocional e o engagement como fator de proteção face ao burnout, bem como estudar as relações entre a inteligência emocional, o engagement e o burnout. Mayer e Salovey (1997) definem a inteligência emocional como a capacidade de perceber, avaliar e de expressar as emoções, baseada em quatro níveis: capacidade de perceber, usar, conhecer e regular as emoções para facilitar o pensamento. O engagement é um construto recente a...

  16. Preditores da Síndrome de Burnout em enfermeiros de serviços de urgência pré-hospitalar Predictores del Síndrome de Burnout en enfermeros de servicios de urgencia pre-hospitalaria Predictors of Burnout Syndrome in nurses in the prehospital emergency services

    OpenAIRE

    Salomão Patrício de Souza França; Milva Maria Figueiredo De Martino; Edna Verissimo dos Santos Aniceto; Lemoel Leandro Silva

    2012-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Analisar os preditores da Síndrome de Burnout apresentados por enfermeiros de serviços de urgência pré-hospitalar móvel. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo, exploratório, quantitativo com 38 enfermeiros. Utilizou-se questionário estruturado acrescido do Maslach Burnout Inventory em setembro de 2010. Na análise dos dados, foram usadas técnicas de estatística descritiva e inferencial (teste t-Student e teste F (ANOVA)). A verificação da hipótese de igualdade foi realizada pelo teste F de Leve...

  17. Bem-Estar Subjetivo e Burnout em Cadetes Militares: O Papel Mediador da Autoeficácia

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    Luciane Albuquerque Sá Souza

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available ResumoEste trabalho tem por objetivo testar a hipótese de que a autoeficácia atua como mediador entre o bem-estar subjetivo e o burnout. Participaram 228 cadetes, com idade média de 24 anos (DP = 0,85, sendo 148 policiais e 80 bombeiros. As análises de regressão demonstram que as variáveis do bem-estar subjetivo, principalmente a vitalidade subjetiva e os afetos negativos, predizem significativamente o burnout e suas subdimensões. As análises de mediação feitas provêm evidências empíricas satisfatórias para o papel mediador desempenhado pela autoeficácia. Esses resultados poderão apoiar o planejamento de intervenções que visem o fortalecimento da autoeficácia em cadetes. A academia deve fornecer aos cadetes não apenas as técnicas e conhecimentos imprescindíveis para a atuação profissional, mas também proporcionar o desenvolvimento de mecanismos de autorregulação que possibilitem um senso maior de autoeficácia, além de condições educacionais e laborais adequadas.

  18. Síndrome de Burnout e estratégias de enfrentamento em professores

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    Vania Mazon

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to verify the existence of association between the dimensions of Burnout Syndrome and confronting strategies in municipal school teachers from an urban area of a north coastland city from Rio Grande do Sul. As research instrument it was used the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI, the Scale COPE &– Confronting Strategies and a questionnaire of social demographic and labour for a characterization of the sample. An aleatory sample with proportionality criterion was made with 93 teachers. The obtained results through the proof of correlation of Pearson reveal that as bigger the use of confronting strategies of moderated coping, emotional support, focus on emotion and mental unattached, bigger is the feeling of Emotional Exhaustion. And as bigger the use of active coping, smaller is the feeling of depersonalization. Using active coping, seek emotional support and to make positive reinterpretation of the stressed situations increase the feeling of professional accomplishment.

  19. Síndrome de Burnout em trabalhadores de enfermagem de um pronto socorro de hospital universitário Síndrome de Burnout en trabajadores de enfermería del servicio de emergencia de un hospital universitario Burnout Syndrome among nursing staff from an emergency department of a hniversity hospital

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    Denise Albieri Jodas

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Investigar sinais e sintomas de burnout em trabalhadores de enfermagem de um Pronto Socorro de Hospital Universitário correlacionando-os com fatores preditores. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo quantitativo, com 61 trabalhadores de enfermagem. Utilizou-se um questionário estruturado, auto-aplicável, acrescido do instrumento Maslach Burnout Inventory. A análise dos dados foi feita através do Epiinfo 2004. RESULTADOS: Dos 61 trabalhadores que participaram do estudo, 8,2% apresentavam manifestações de burnout, todos do sexo feminino, 54,1% possuiam alto risco para manifestação de burnout e 37,7% eram de baixo risco de manifestação da doença. Fatores como o não reconhecimento e incentivo ao desenvolvimento profissional estão relacionados com este diagnóstico. CONCLUSÕES: A dinâmica organizacional de um Pronto Socorro gera uma sobrecarga e tensão ocupacional sendo necessário desenvolver estratégias de reorganização do processo de trabalho diminuindo fontes de estresse.OBJETIVO: Investigar signos y síntomas de burnout en trabajadores de enfermería del servicio de emergencia de un Hospital Universitario correlacionándolos con factores de predicción. MÉTODOS: Se trata de un estudio descriptivo cuantitativo, realizado con 61 trabajadores de enfermería. Se utilizó un cuestionario estructurado, auto-aplicable, además del instrumento Maslach Burnout Inventory. El análisis de los datos se realizó por medio del Epiinfo 2004. RESULTADOS: De los 61 trabajadores que participaron en el estudio, el 8,2% presentaba manifestaciones de burnout, todos del sexo femenino, el 54,1% poseía alto riesgo para manifestación de burnout y el 37,7% era de bajo riesgo de manifestación de la enfermedad. Factores como la falta de reconocimiento e incentivo al desarrollo profesional están relacionados con este diagnóstico. CONCLUSIONES: La dinámica organizacional de un servicio de emergencia genera sobrecarga y tensión ocupacional siendo

  20. A síndrome de burnout e os valores organizacionais: um estudo comparativo em hospitais universitários Burnout and organizational values: a comparative study in university hospitals

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    Livia Oliveira Borges

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo analisa o relacionamento entre os valores organizacionais e os níveis da síndrome de burnout, em três hospitais universitários do Rio Grande do Norte. Foi desenvolvido com uma amostra de 205 profissionais de saúde, através da aplicação de questionários estruturados. Os dados foram submetidos a análises quantitativas (por exemplo, análises das distribuições de freqüência, de variância e de regressão. Os resultados apontam convergência dos escores nos fatores dos valores ideais por organização participante e divergências no que se refere tanto aos escores dos fatores dos valores reais quanto às descompensações axiológicas (diferenças entre ideal e real. Os participantes diferem quanto ao avanço do processo de desenvolvimento da síndrome de burnout por organizações. Constatou-se o papel de mediação das organizações no relacionamento entre valores organizacionais e a síndrome de burnout, de modo que os pólos axiológicos efetivamente relacionados à referida síndrome e/ou aos seus fatores dependem da configuração geral da cultura organizacional de cada uma e dos conflitos que lhe são inerentes.The present study analyzes the relationship between the organizational values and the levels of the burnout syndrome in three universitarian hospitals. It was developed with the sample of 205 health professionals, though to an application of structured questionnaires. The data were submitted quantitative analysis (for example, analysis of frequency distributions, analyses of variance and regression analyses. The results show a convergence among scores of ideal values for organizations and divergences among the scores of real values and the differences from ideal and real values. The participants differ in the advance of the burnout syndrome process for organizations. The results evidences the mediation role of the organizations in the relationship between organizational values and the burnout syndrome

  1. A síndrome de Burnout e o trabalho docente The Burnout syndrome and teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Mary Sandra Carlotto

    2002-01-01

    Este trabalho busca, a partir da literatura, apresentar a Síndrome de Burnout sob a perspectiva social-psicológica de Christina Maslach. Expõe os principais modelos explicativos de burnout em professores e, fundamentado em estudos recentes, identifica suas principais causas e conseqüências para os profissionais e para as instituições de ensino.This article, based on theorical references, intends to present the Burnout Syndrome following Christina Maslach social-psychological perspectives. It ...

  2. Preditores da Síndrome de Burnout em enfermeiros de serviços de urgência pré-hospitalar Predictores del Síndrome de Burnout en enfermeros de servicios de urgencia pre-hospitalaria Predictors of Burnout Syndrome in nurses in the prehospital emergency services

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    Salomão Patrício de Souza França

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar os preditores da Síndrome de Burnout apresentados por enfermeiros de serviços de urgência pré-hospitalar móvel. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo, exploratório, quantitativo com 38 enfermeiros. Utilizou-se questionário estruturado acrescido do Maslach Burnout Inventory em setembro de 2010. Na análise dos dados, foram usadas técnicas de estatística descritiva e inferencial (teste t-Student e teste F (ANOVA. A verificação da hipótese de igualdade foi realizada pelo teste F de Levene e a de normalidade pelo teste de Shapiro-Wilk. RESULTADOS: A variabilidade expressa pelo coeficiente de variação não se mostrou elevada, desde que a referida medida foi, no máximo, igual a 33,17. CONCLUSÃO: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre as variáveis estudadas e as dimensões sintomatológicas da Síndrome de Burnout. A Síndrome pode estar mais relacionada com fatores organizacionais do trabalho do que com o tipo de atividade desenvolvida pelos profissionais ou de achados sociodemográficos.OBJETIVO: Analizar los predictores del Síndrome de Burnout presentados por enfermeros de servicios de urgencia pre-hospitalaria móvil. MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo, exploratorio, cuantitativo realizado con 38 enfermeros. Se utilizó un cuestionario estructurado acrecentado del Maslach Burnout Inventory en setiembre del 2010. En el análisis de los datos, se usaron técnicas de estadística descriptiva e inferencial (test t-Student y test F (ANOVA. La verificación de la hipótesis de igualdad fue realizada por el test F de Levene y la de normalidad por el test de Shapiro-Wilk. RESULTADOS: La variabilidad expresada por el coeficiente de variación no se mostró elevada, puesto que la referida medida fue, máximo, igual a 33,17. CONCLUSIÓN: No hubo diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre las variables estudiadas y las dimensiones sintomatológicas del Síndrome de Burnout. El Síndrome puede estar relacionada m

  3. Burnout calculation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reviewed is the effect of heat flux of different system parameters on critical density in order to give an initial view on the value of several parameters. A thorough analysis of different equations is carried out to calculate burnout is steam-water flows in uniformly heated tubes, annular, and rectangular channels and rod bundles. Effect of heat flux density distribution and flux twisting on burnout and storage determination according to burnout are commended

  4. Prevalência da síndrome de burnout em trabalhadores de enfermagem de um hospital de grande porte da Região Sul do Brasil Prevalence of burnout syndrome in nursing staff in a large hospital in south of Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davi de Souza Moreira

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available A síndrome de burnout é um transtorno adaptativo crônico que acomete trabalhadores e caracteriza-se por três expressões de sofrimento psíquico: cansaço emocional, despersonalização e baixa realização pessoal. Por meio de pesquisa quantitativa com delineamento transversal, foram aplicados questionários com dados sócio-culturais e o Maslach Burnout Inventory em 151 trabalhadores do serviço de enfermagem, correspondendo a 54,1% desta categoria profissional em hospital geral de grande porte localizado em Tubarão, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Foram encontradas pontuações médias em cansaço emocional (17, despersonalização (7,79 e em realização pessoal (36,6. Segundo o critério de Ramirez et al., não houve diagnóstico da síndrome. De acordo com os critérios de Grunfeld et al., 35,7% dos entrevistados apresentaram burnout. O perfil padrão do trabalhador com burnout encontrado pela pesquisa foi: cargo de técnico de enfermagem, sexo feminino, entre 26 e 35 anos, casado, sem filhos e com mais de cinco anos de profissão. Os locais de trabalho que concentraram maior número de trabalhadores com burnout foram os setores agrupados (42,6%, a UTI (25,9% e a UTI Neonatal (18,5%. Não houve associação estatística entre local de trabalho e burnout.Burnout syndrome is a chronic adaptive disorder that affects workers and is characterized by three forms of psychological distress: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and a sense of low personal fulfillment. A cross-sectional quantitative design was used to apply questionnaires including socio-cultural data and the Maslach Burnout Inventory in 151 nurses and nurse technicians, representing 54.1% of this professional category in a large general hospital in Tubarão, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Mean scores were: emotional exhaustion (17, depersonalization (7.79, and low personal fulfillment (36.6. According to the criterion proposed by Ramirez et al., no cases of burnout were diagnosed

  5. Síndrome de Burnout e os aspectos sócio-demográficos em profissionais de enfermagem Síndrome de Burnout y los aspectos sociodemográficos en profesionales de enfermería Burnout Syndrome and the socio-demographic aspects of nursing professionals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávia Maria de França

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Demonstrar a incidência da Síndrome de Burnout (SB de acordo com os aspectos sociodemográficos dos profissionais de enfermagem que atuam em dois hospitais regionais, no município de Cáceres-MT. MÉTODOS: Estudo de natureza quantitativa, descritivo, com delineamento transversal, realizado com 141 profissionais de enfermagem. Para a coleta de dados, foi utilizado um questionário estruturado com dados para o delineamento sociodemográfico, acrescido do instrumento Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI. RESULTADOS: Com base na análise das entrevistas dos 141 profissionais, 13 (9,58% apresentaram Síndrome de Burnout,, conforme o MBI, e destes acometidos 7 (53,84% são enfermeiros e 6 (46,16% técnico/auxiliares. Quanto à incidência da SB em função dos aspectos sócios demográficos, o maior número de casos foi verificados no sexo feminino, nos profissionais com menos tempo de formação e nos solteiros. Resultados semelhantes foram encontrados na literatura, relevando as constatações. CONCLUSÃO: Este estudo evidenciou que a presença da SB nos profissionais de enfermagem, revelando assim a necessidade de intervenções em relação às condições de trabalho dos enfermeiros.OBJETIVO: Demostrar la incidencia del Síndrome de Burnout (SB de acuerdo a los aspectos sociodemográficos de los profesionales de enfermería que actúan en dos hospitales regionales, en el municipio de Cáceres-MT. MÉTODOS: Se trata de un estudo de naturaleza cuantitativa, descriptiva, de tipo transversal, realizado con 141 profesionales de enfermería. Para la recolección de los datos, fue utilizado un cuestionario estructurado con datos para el delineamiento sociodemográfico, además del instrumento Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI. RESULTADOS: Con base en el análisis de las entrevistas de los 141 profesionales, 13 (9,58% presentaron Síndrome de Burnout, conforme el MBI, de los cuales 7 (53,84% son enfermeros y 6 (46,16% técnico/auxiliares. En cuanto a

  6. Job burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maslach, C; Schaufeli, W B; Leiter, M P

    2001-01-01

    Burnout is a prolonged response to chronic emotional and interpersonal stressors on the job, and is defined by the three dimensions of exhaustion, cynicism, and inefficacy. The past 25 years of research has established the complexity of the construct, and places the individual stress experience within a larger organizational context of people's relation to their work. Recently, the work on burnout has expanded internationally and has led to new conceptual models. The focus on engagement, the positive antithesis of burnout, promises to yield new perspectives on interventions to alleviate burnout. The social focus of burnout, the solid research basis concerning the syndrome, and its specific ties to the work domain make a distinct and valuable contribution to people's health and well-being. PMID:11148311

  7. Burnout syndrome in senior undergraduate nursing Síndrome de Burnout en estudiantes del último año de graduación en enfermería Síndrome de Burnout em acadêmicos do último ano da graduação em enfermagem

    OpenAIRE

    Rayama de Oliveira; Rita Catalina Aquino Caregnato; Sheila Gonçalves Câmara

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: This papers' goal was to evaluate the presence and the factors associated to Burnout Syndrome among senior year Nursing students. METHODS: Exploratory descriptive quantitative research held in a private University of Rio Grande do Sul, with an intentional sample of 42 students enrolled in the 1st half of 2011, through the application of the instrument Burnout Inventory Student Survey (MBI-SS). The sample represented 76.3% of the population studied. RESULTS: As for the burnout rates...

  8. MANISFESTAÇÕES PSICO-COMPORTAMENTAIS DO BURNOUT EM TRABALHADORES DE UM HOSPITAL DE MÉDIA COMPLEXIDADE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Machado Ezaias

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Burnout es un síndrome psicológico que ocurre debido a la tensión emocional crónica en el proceso de trabajo, y puede ser expresado por varios tipos de signos y síntomas. Estudio cuantitativo descriptivo que tuvo como objetivo identificar y relacionar los síntomas conductuales y psicológicos con las dimensiones positivas del síndrome de Burnout en profesionales de un hospital público de media complejidad. Para recolectar los datos, se utilizó un cuestionario autoaplicable, con las principales variables dependientes del síndrome de Burnout, creada por Christine Maslach y validado en Brasil por Benevides-Pereira en 1986; y para identificar los signos y síntomas de síndrome de Burnout, se utilizó el cuestionario desarrollado por Menegaz. El análisis de datos permitió encontrar relaciones entre las dimensiones del síndrome y síntomas investigados con valores de p significativos mediante la aplicación del test chi-cuadrado, que muestra el efecto de los trastornos psicológicos en la productividad y calidad de trabajo.

  9. Relação entre nível geral de saúde, dor musculoesquelética e síndrome de burnout em professores universitários Relationship between general level of health, musculoeskeletal pain and occurrence of burnout syndrome in college teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eneida Yuri Suda

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo desse estudo foi verificar a relação entre nível de saúde geral, dor musculoesquelética, frequência de sintomas musculoesqueléticos e a síndrome de burnout em professores universitários. Foram avaliados 50 professores de uma universidade privada. O nível de saúde geral foi verificado pela versão em português da Personal Health Scale (PHS-Pt, a dor musculoesquelética pelo Questionário Nórdico de Sintomas Osteomusculares (QNSO e a presença da síndrome de burnout pelo questionário Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS. A maioria dos professores apresentou comprometimento do nível de saúde (escore total PHS-Pt=6,7±3,8, sendo que 70% apresentaram dor no pescoço e 64% na região lombar nos últimos 12 meses. Houve correlação positiva entre nível geral de saúde e a dimensão exaustão emocional do inventário de burnout. Porém, não houve correlação entre as dimensões do MBI-HSS e dor musculoesquelética.The aim of this study was to verify the relationship between general level of health, muskuloeskeletal pain and occurrence of burnout syndrome in college teachers. Fifty teachers from a private university were evaluated. The level of general health was evaluated by the Portuguese version of the Personal Health Scale (PHS-Pt, muskuloeskeletal pain was verified by Nordic Muskuloeskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ and the occurrence of burnout syndrome was evaluated by the Portuguese version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS. The majority of the sample presented some compromising of general health level (total score PHS-Pt=6.7±3.8 with 70% presenting neck pain and 64% presenting lower back pain in the last year. Positive correlation occurred between burnout exhaustion dimension and level of general health. There were no correlation between MBI-HSS dimensions and muskuloeskeletal pain occurrence in the last year.

  10. Qualidade de vida, sobrecarga, burnout e estratégias de confronto em cuidadores formais de pessoas com experiência de doença mental que vivem em residências comunitárias

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigues, Joana de São João

    2015-01-01

    Tese de mestrado, Psicologia (Secção de Psicologia Clínica e da Saúde, Núcleo de Psicologia da Saúde e Doença), Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Psicologia, 2015 O presente estudo teve como objetivo explorar alguns dos fatores que se encontram associados aos níveis de Qualidade de Vida dos cuidadores formais de pessoas com experiência em doença mental em residências comunitárias, bem como ao nível de Sobrecarga e Burnout sentidos e às Estratégias de Confronto utilizadas face a situaçõe...

  11. As características dos alunos são determinantes para o adoecimento de professores: um estudo comparativo sobre a incidência de Burnout em professores do ensino regular e especial The student characteristics affect teachers' illnesses: a comparative study on the incidence of Burnout in regular and special education teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilson Rogério da Silva

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available O exercício da docência é permeado por condições de trabalho adversas, baixos salários, insuficiência de recursos materiais e didáticos, salas numerosas, tensão no relacionamento com os alunos, carga horária de trabalho excessiva, inexpressiva participação no planejamento da instituição e nas políticas institucionais e falta de segurança no ambiente escolar. O presente estudo teve por objetivo comparar a presença de indicadores de burnout em três grupos de professores que atuam no primeiro ciclo do Ensino Fundamental: a 20 no ensino regular, em turmas sem a inserção de alunos com necessidades educacionais especiais - RSI; b 20 no ensino regular, em turmas com a inserção de alunos com necessidades educacionais especiais - RCI; c 20 em salas de recursos - SR. Para a coleta, foi utilizado o Maslach Burnout Inventory -MBI. Na análise de dados, empregou-se o SPSS, versão 13.0, e o Teste de Kruskal-Wallis para comparação dos grupos. Os resultados, que foram organizados em forma de Figuras e Tabelas, revelam que, de maneira geral, os grupos apresentaram relativa similaridade. Entretanto, algumas diferenças foram encontradas. O grupo de professores SR obteve os melhores resultados na avaliação das três escalas do burnout, quando comparado com RSI e RCI, ou seja, com predominância de respostas nos níveis mais baixos de exaustão emocional, altos na diminuição da realização pessoal e baixos para despersonalização. Espera-se que os dados expostos contribuam para a compreensão do burnout em professores do ensino regular com e sem inclusão de alunos com necessidades educacionais especiais, e/ou suscitem novos encaminhamentos de pesquisas.The practice of teaching is permeated by adverse working conditions, low wages, inadequacy of material and teaching resources, overcrowded classrooms, tension in relationships with the students, excessive work load, lack of safety in the school environment, insignificant participation

  12. Burnout syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Bábská, Simona

    2014-01-01

    This bachelor thesis deals with the so-called burnout syndrome, which, as I believe, is getting to be a serious problem in today´s busy world. This issue deserves a full attention especially from those concerned – workers in assisting professions. What usually precedes the burnout syndrome is a big enthusiasm and motivation for work in which a potential patient can help other people and get them out of their troubles, sometimes he /she feels even like having a mission. However, without kno...

  13. Prevalence of Burnout in Senior Medical Students of Kashan University of Medical Sciences in 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G Akkasheh

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available

    <em>Background and Objectives:em>> em>Burnout is caused by high-stress jobs and could induce somatic, psychological disorders and negative attitude to professional actives so that this condition causes poor relationship with  the patient. This study aimed at investigating burnout in senior medical students of Kashan University of Medical Sciences. <em>Methods:> This research was a cross sectional study carried out on all senior medical students (N=56 in 2008. Data were obtained by two questionnaires including demographic questionnaire and Maslach burnout Inventory. They were then analyzed using SPSS software and Chi square Test. <em>Results: em>The findings showed that the majority of medical students (91.1% had burnout and only 8.9% of them had not burnout. Severe burnout was in 16% of students. There was not any significant relationship between burnout and sex, age, smoking, duration of education, interest in medical course and marital status P<0.05. <em>Conclusion:> em>The results of the study showed that burnout is common problem in senior medical students and need special consideration. Therefore medical students  should be encouraged to seek help and adequate facilities by holding workshops of life-skill training and coping with stress. However, burnout should be paid special attention in medical students by counseling centers of University for prevention of consequences.

     

  14. What Is Caregiver Burnout?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... heart Lifestyle + Risk Reduction Caregiving What Is Caregiver Burnout? Caregiver burnout is caused by too much long-term stress. ... themselves. They begin to show signs of caregiver burnout. Your healthy body, mind and spirit benefit your ...

  15. Fatores Sociodemográficos e Ocupacionais Associados à Síndrome deBurnout em Profissionais de Enfermagem

    OpenAIRE

    Isabella Cristina Moraes Campos; Antonio Paulo Angélico; Marcos Santos de Oliveira; Daniela Carine Ramires de Oliveira

    2015-01-01

    ResumoEsta pesquisa de levantamento objetivou investigar a prevalência da síndrome deBurnout nos profissionais de enfermagem de um hospital e de Unidades Básicas de Saúde, comparando-a entre as três categorias profissionais (enfermeiros, técnicos e auxiliares de enfermagem) e os tipos de serviços, e identificou seus fatores sociodemográficos e ocupacionais preditores. A amostra foi composta por 116 profissionais, entre 21 e 60 anos (M = 37,26 anos; DP = 8,56), de ambos os gêneros, de um munic...

  16. Burnout Syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Panova, Gordana; Panov, Nenad; Stojanov, H; Sumanov, Gorgi; Panova, Blagica; Stojanovski, Angel; Nikolovska, Lence; Jovevska, Svetlana; Trajanovski, D; Asanova, D

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Increasing work responsibilities, allocation of duties, loss of energy and motivation in everyday activities, emotional exhaustion, lack of time for themselves, insuffi cient time for rest and recreation, dissatisfaction in private life. All these symptoms can be cause of Burnout Syndrome. Aim: To see the importance of this syndrome, the consequences of job dissatisfaction, the environment, family and expression in drastic chan...

  17. UM ESTUDO SOBRE O NÍVEL DE BURNOUT E AS PERCEPÇÕES DE JUSTIÇA ORGANIZACIONAL EM UMA INSTITUIÇÃO DE ENSINO SUPERIOR: PERCEPÇÕES DE SEUS SERVIDORES.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo da Silva Schuster

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available O estudo busca diagnosticar a percepção de Justiça Organizacional e Burnout nos servidores da UFSM, através do método descritivo, quantitativo, com coleta de dados por meio de questionário estruturado baseado em instrumentos validados referentes a Burnout (MASLACH, 2003 e Justiça Organizacional (COLQUITT, 2001. A amostra foi composta de 511 participantes, sendo 57,3% do sexo feminino e 42,7% do sexo masculino, destes 63% ocupam cargos de natureza administrativa, 23,6% ligados a saúde e 13,4% são ligados a docência. Ficou evidenciado que os servidores apresentam níveis moderados de Burnout (1,5, apresentando diferença entre os gêneros, a Percepção de Justiça também se encontra em patamar médio (3,91. O estudo demonstra a necessidade de atenção a estes tremas que escassos estudos no Brasil.

  18. Burnout syndrome

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kebza, V.; Šolcová, Iva

    Praha: EFPA/UPA, 2007 - (Polišenská, V.; Šolc, M.; Kotrlová, J.). s. 31 ISBN 978-80-7064-017-3. [European Conress of Psychology /10./. 03.07.2007-06.07.2007, Praha] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA406/06/0747 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70250504 Keywords : burnout syndrome * type D personality * physiological indicators Subject RIV: AN - Psychology

  19. From Teacher Burnout to Student Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    PP, Noushad

    2008-01-01

    Originally, Burnout was a common work related phenomena resulting of severe stress. Burnout is considered to be a long-term stress reaction that particularly occurs among professionals who work with people in some capacity--like teachers, nurses, or social workers. Although various definitions of burnout exist, it is most commonly described as a…

  20. Factors Influencing Teacher Burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raquepaw, Jayne; deHaas, Patricia A.

    Burnout is a syndrome of emotional exhaustion and cynicism frequently occurring among human services professionals. Education is one profession whose members are particularly susceptible to burnout. There is a need to identify causes of burnout and possible ameliorative strategies, as perceived by teachers. The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), a…

  1. Stress ocupacional em profissionais de segurança pública: um estudo com militares da Guarda Nacional Republicana Occupational stress in professionals of public security: a study with military agents of the Republican National Guard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge M. P. Afonso

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho analisa o "stress" ocupacional em 95 militares da Guarda Nacional Republicana Portuguesa. Para tal, utilizámos um protocolo de avaliação com medidas do "stress" global, "burnout", "coping" proactivo, comprometimento organizacional, satisfação com a vida e satisfação/realização profissional. Os indicadores de fidelidade e validade dos instrumentos foram muito aceitáveis. Os resultados de "burnout" por dimensão apontaram níveis apreciáveis de exaustão emocional (12%, seguidos do cinismo (10% e da baixa eficácia profissional (8% (mas nenhum participante registou valores de "burnout" nas três dimensões, em simultâneo, observando-se também variáveis distintas na predição destas três áreas. A análise discriminante entre subgrupos da amostra permitiu verificar dois aspectos principais: (a menores níveis de comprometimento organizacional e maior utilização de "coping" proactivo nos militares mais novos e/ou inexperientes e (b maior desejo de abandonar o emprego/trabalho bem como maior cinismo parecem identificar os profissionais mais velhos e/ou mais experientes. No final, os autores discutem a importância de a investigação futura analisar os efeitos da maior tendência para o cinismo com o aumento da idade dos participantes e os efeitos do menor comprometimento organizacional por parte dos mais novos em termos da sua eficácia profissional.This work analyzes occupational stress in 95 Portuguese military agents of the Republican National Guard. We applied an evaluation protocol with measures of global stress, burnout, proactive coping, organizational commitment, satisfaction with life, and professional satisfaction/accomplishment. The fidelity and validity results of the instruments were very acceptable. The results of burnout pointed out a remarkable level of emotional exhaustion (12% followed by cynicism (10% and low professional effectiveness (8% (but we have not found any participant with burnout values

  2. [Burnout: a useful diagnosis?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thalhammer, Matthias; Paulitsch, Klaus

    2014-01-01

    In psychiatry, burnout is a relevant phenomenon. A large number of individuals is feeling overburdened at work. In contrast to mental disorders, the term 'burnout' is not perceived as stigmatizing, making it therefore easier for afflicted persons to seek help. The term 'burnout syndrome' was mentioned 1974 for the first time in scientific literature. Today, there is a range of partially contradictory definitions and explanations for burnout and the burnout syndrome, respectively. In most studies, burnout is assessed by the Maslach Burnout Inventory, which is neither useful for determining the degree of pathology nor for distinguishing burnout from mental disorders such as depression. It is expected that the burnout syndrome will not be used in modern diagnostic classification systems, because of its unclear definition and conceptual contradictions. On these grounds, it appears reasonable to define burnout as long-term professional overload and a noteworthy risk factor for physical diseases and mental disorders. PMID:24841902

  3. Screening Commercially Available Entomopathogenic Biocontrol Agents for the Control of <em>Aethina tumidaem> (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae in the UK

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    Giles E. Budge

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The Small hive beetle, <em>Aethina tumidaem>, is an invasive pest of honey bees. Indigenous to sub-Saharan Africa, it has now become established in North America and Australia. It represents a serious threat to European honey bees. Commercially available entomopathogenic agents were screened for their potential to control beetle larvae. Entomopathogenic fungi investigated had minimal impact. The nematodes <em>Steinernema> krausseiem> and <em>S. carpocapsaeem> provided excellent control with 100% mortality of larvae being obtained. Sequential applications of the nematodes following larvae entering sand to pupate also provided excellent control for up to 3 weeks. The information gained supports the development of contingency plans to deal with <em>A. tumidaem> should it occur in the UK, and is relevant to the management of Small hive beetle where it is already present.

  4. O Burnout nos Ajudantes de Ação Direta que trabalham em lares residenciais para idosos no distrito de Viseu

    OpenAIRE

    Marques, Catarina Isabel Ferreira

    2013-01-01

    The burnout syndrome is considered a great impact in the 21st century worker's personal health. It is a complex and multidimensional phenomenon, resulting from the interaction between the work environment and individuals aspects, interpreted as an answer to chronic work stress. Defined by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal accomplishment, the Burnout Syndrome often refers to a chronic physical and emotional exhaustion of professionals that may compromise the organizations. ...

  5. Burnout entre audiologistas

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Ana Luísa Simões Marques

    2015-01-01

    A escassez de recursos e a pressão das instituições para obter resultados estão a levar cada vez mais profissionais ao esgotamento físico e emocional. Um estudo da OCDE, evidência a ligação entre problemas psicológicos e condições de trabalho em 15% a 20% da população ativa. Portugal ocupa o sétimo pior lugar, entre os 34 países pertencentes a esta organização. O burnout é a fase final de uma situação de stresse profissional crónico, apresentando o seu foco principal na exaustã...

  6. Burnout and sleep

    OpenAIRE

    Ekstedt, Mirjam

    2005-01-01

    Burnout and Sleep The overall aim of this thesis was to describe the physiological characteristics of sleep in persons with burnout and the relation between sleep and a number of physiological stress markers. The aim was also to evaluate the diurnal pattern of subjective sleepiness and fatigue across workday and weekend, and to describe the experiences of time preceding burnout from a life world perspective. This thesis focuses on burnout in white-collar workers; one gro...

  7. Occupational Burnout among Librarians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haack, Mary; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Outlines stages of occupational burnout (enthusiasm, stagnation, frustration, apathy) and begins empirical assessment of burnout syndrome among librarians and other information professionals. Results of pilot survey conducted at one-day conference on reference service using two measures (Staff Burnout Scale for Health Professionals, projective…

  8. The application of Reiki in nurses diagnosed with Burnout Syndrome has beneficial effects on concentration of salivary IgA and blood pressure Una sesión de Reiki en enfermeras diagnosticadas con síndrome de Burnout tiene efectos beneficiosos sobre la concentración de IgA salival y la presión arterial Uma sessão de Reiki em enfermeiras diagnosticadas com síndrome de Burnout tem efeitos benéficos sobre a concentração de IgA salivar e a pressão arterial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lourdes Díaz-Rodríguez

    2011-10-01

    -amilase e na pressão arterial, após uma aplicação de Reiki em enfermeiras que sofrem da síndrome de Burnout. Foi realizado ensaio clínico randomizado duplo-cego e placebo controlado, com desenho cruzado. Dezoito enfermeiras (idade entre 34 e 56 anos, com síndrome de Burnout, participaram do estudo. As participantes receberam tratamento com Reiki ou Reiki falso, de acordo com a ordem estabelecida, através da randomização em dois dias distintos. O teste de Anova mostrou interação significativa entre o momento da intervenção e a pressão arterial diastólica (F=4,92, p=0,04 e os níveis de sIgA (F=4,71, p=0,04. Conclui-se que uma sessão de Reiki de 30 minutos pode melhorar de forma imediata a resposta de IgAs e da pressão arterial diastólica em enfermeiras com síndrome de Burnout.

  9. The Happiness of Burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Finn Janning

    2014-01-01

    In the novel A Burnout-Out Case, Graham Greene argues for an intimate relationship between burnout and happiness. The novel claims that a life worth living is a continuous balancing between something painful, e.g. burnout and something desirable, e.g. happiness. In this essay, I try to make a case for the happiness of burnout. By examining the case story of a young artist, who suffered from burnout, I describe how such suffering might open up for a necessary reevaluation of the values that ac...

  10. In vitro susceptibilities in lymphocytes from mothers and cord blood to the monofunctional alkylating agent EMS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wyatt, N P; Falque-Gonzalez, C; Farrar, D;

    2007-01-01

    the Bradford Royal Infirmary collected venous blood samples from mothers at the time of birth and venous cord blood post-delivery. Lymphocytes were isolated from both blood types and examined in the alkaline comet assay using the monofunctional alkylating agent ethyl methanesulphonate (EMS). There.......05), but mean values in babies were always lower over the EMS dose range. Whole blood was used in the micronucleus (MN) assay, and there was a significantly (P<0.05) higher rate of MN in mothers (n=17), per 1000 binucleates, as compared with lymphocytes from their offspring (n=17) at the basal level. This...

  11. Interação social entre agentes em ambientes de recursos limitados

    OpenAIRE

    Bastos, Hélder Filipe de Oliveira

    2015-01-01

    O estudo da interação social entre agentes inteligentes é cada vez mais um tema central da investigação em inteligência artificial. Atualmente inseridos numa realidade onde veículos navegam autonomamente, não é difícil imaginar cenários onde estas máquinas poderão trabalhar em conjunto, maximizando as suas capacidades e tornando-se mais eficientes na utilização de recursos e na concretização dos respetivos objetivos. Devido à elevada complexidade computacional dos seus processos internos, ...

  12. Síndrome de Burnout em monitores de uma fundação de proteção especial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karine HahnMary

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar el síndrome de Burnout en monitores que actúan en una fundación de protección especial. También buscó identificar relaciones de las dimensiones de Burnout con variables demográficas, profesionales y psicosociales. Se utilizó como instrumento de investigación el MBI (Maslach Burnout Inventory y un cuestionario elaborado específicamente para este estudio, con el fin de evaluar las otras variables. La muestra fue conformada por 37 monitores de una fundación de protección. Los resultados obtenidos a través de la prueba t de student, ANOVA y correlación de Pearson, revelaron que las dimensiones de Burnout se asociaron a la carga horaria desempeñada, al tiempo de experiencia en la función y el lugar, a la idea de desistir de la profesión, a la satisfacción percibida en el trabajo y a la percepción de que la profesión es estresante.

  13. Burnout in Radiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicola, Refky; McNeeley, Michael F; Bhargava, Puneet

    2015-01-01

    Burnout is a psychological syndrome that arises in the setting of prolonged work-related stress. Although its specific manifestations are highly variable, the core features of burnout include emotional exhaustion, callousness or apathy towards patients or peers, and feelings of personal inadequacy. Burnout can have profound consequences for the affected physician, his or her patients, and the health care system at large. Increased rates of substance abuse, depression, and suicide have been linked to physician burnout, as have medical errors and lapses in patient safety. Disruptive workplace behaviors, such as presenteeism (which is reduced productivity due to physical or emotional dysfunction), absenteeism (which is nonparticipation in work), high employment turnover, and early retirement also have been linked to physician burnout and depression. In this article, we review causes, preventive measures and possible solutions for physician burnout. PMID:26025882

  14. Occupational stress in professionals of public security: a study with military agents of the Republican National Guard / Stress ocupacional em profissionais de segurança pública: um estudo com militares da Guarda Nacional Republicana

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge M. P. Afonso; A. Rui Gomes

    2009-01-01

    This work analyzes occupational stress in 95 Portuguese military agents of the Republican National Guard. We applied an evaluation protocol with measures of global stress, burnout, proactive coping, organizational commitment, satisfaction with life, and professional satisfaction/accomplishment. The fidelity and validity results of the instruments were very acceptable. The results of burnout pointed out a remarkable level of emotional exhaustion (12%) followed by cynicism (10%) and low profess...

  15. Das Burnout-Syndrom

    OpenAIRE

    Froehlich, Annette

    2010-01-01

    The burnout-syndrome was first described in great detail by H. Freudenberger 1974.There are a lot of different definitions. The most often cited is from Maslach and Jackson (1986) characterizing burnout by three core dimensions: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment. Although burnout can be related to psychological, somatic and psychosomatic health-problems, it is not listed as an “occupational disease” but as a “job-related injurious to health”. In the I...

  16. Occupational burnout and health

    OpenAIRE

    Ahola, Kirsi

    2007-01-01

    Occupational burnout and heath Occupational burnout is assumed to be a negative consequence of chronic work stress. In this study, it was explored in the framework of occupational health psychology, which focusses on psychologically mediated processes between work and health. The objectives were to examine the overlap between burnout and ill health in relation to mental disorders, musculoskeletal disorders, and cardiovascular diseases, which are the three commonest disease groups causing...

  17. Burnout in psychiatrists

    OpenAIRE

    Kumar, Shailesh

    2007-01-01

    Psychiatrists as a group are vulnerable to experiencing burnout, more so than other physicians and surgeons. In this paper, various definitions of burnout are reviewed and the tools available for quantifying burnout are compared. The factors that make psychiatry a stressful profession are also examined. These include factors such as patient violence and suicide, limited resources, crowded inpatient wards, changing culture in mental health services, high work demands, poorly ...

  18. The psychophysiology of burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Mommersteeg, P.M.C.

    2006-01-01

    Burnout is characterized by emotional exhaustion, feelings of depersonalisation and reduced professional competence. It is an adverse health outcome to chronic work-related stress and insufficient recovery. The main aim of this thesis was to search for physiological disturbances in persons with severe burnout. HPA-axis function, salivary DHEAS, and in vitro immune function were investigated in clinically diagnosed burnout participants. Diagnosis was based on ICD-10 criteria for 'work-related ...

  19. Burnout among physicians

    OpenAIRE

    Romani, Maya; Ashkar, Khalil

    2014-01-01

    Burnout is a common syndrome seen in healthcare workers, particularly physicians who are exposed to a high level of stress at work; it includes emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and low personal accomplishment. Burnout among physicians has garnered significant attention because of the negative impact it renders on patient care and medical personnel. Physicians who had high burnout levels reportedly committed more medical errors. Stress management programs that range from relaxation to ...

  20. Burnout: need help?

    OpenAIRE

    Sari Azade; Karcioglu Ozgur; Gulalp Betul; Koseoglu Zikret

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background Burnout syndrome is a psychological situation induced with working, especially in high-risk parts of the hospitals that affects the physical and mental conditions of the staff. The aim is to identify the characteristics of the staff related to Burnout Syndrome in the Emergency Department (ED). Methods The study includes the Maslach Burnout Inventory and other new individual research questions. The responders were the volunteers and comprised physicians, nurses, nurses' aid...

  1. 'Burnout' among Dutch midwives.

    OpenAIRE

    Bakker, R.H.C.; Groenewegen, P. P.; Jabaaij, L.; Meijer, W.; Sixma, H.; Veer, A. de

    1996-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: to determine the effect of workload on 'burnout' having considered work capacity. DESIGN: cross-sectional study. SETTING: Dutch community midwives in independent practice. PARTICIPANTS: 200 Dutch community midwives. MEASUREMENTS: three-week diary recordings, a questionnaire on practice and personal characteristics, and a questionnaire on 'burnout', social support and coping style. FINDINGS: differences in 'burnout' can be explained partly by the midwife's workload and partly by her...

  2. The Burnout Syndrom

    OpenAIRE

    KŮS, Vilém

    2012-01-01

    Burnout is a problem of modern times. Few talk about it, he is not classified as a disease, but we meet with him in a many professions, especially in the helping professions. In my work I focus on burnout in police officers, on it´s characteristic symptoms, possible causes and consequences of burnout, related or other negative phenomena, such as fatigue, stress, depression etc. It also discusses preventive procedures and manuals how to prevent burnout and how to manage it. At the same time I ...

  3. Introduction to burnout

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A phenomenon of burnout, its practical importance and generally used methods of experimental measurements and estimates are presented in a brief form. In general given are the results of fundamental investigation of burnout in vertical straight tubes and in systems of complex geometry-reactors and heat exchangers

  4. Burnout in Help Professions

    OpenAIRE

    Běhanová, Jaroslava

    2009-01-01

    The goal of my thesis is charting a situation in a selected organization from viewpoint of problems of the burnout syndrome in help professions, basis my own research find out stressful factors and methods of burnout prevention at the organization level.

  5. Sensitivity of watermelon variety Bojura to mutant agents 60Co and EMS

    OpenAIRE

    Nikolay Velkov; Nasya Tomlekova; Fatma Sarsu

    2016-01-01

    A study on the sensitivity of watermelon variety Bojura to mutagenic agents was carried out in 2013-2014. The goal was to establish effective doses for mutagenic treatment of dry seeds with 60Co gamma rays (80, 100, 200, 250, 350 and 450 Gy) and swollen seeds with water for 24 hours were treated with ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) at a concentration of 2%. Dominant mutations were not observed in the M1 generation. Morphological changes in 14 of 1395 M2 plants were observed. Phenotypic variation...

  6. Burnout among Dutch medical residents

    OpenAIRE

    Prins, J.T.; Hoekstra-Weebers, J.E.; van de Wiel, H.B.; Gazendam-Donofrio, S.M.; Sprangers, F.; Jaspers, F.C.; van der Heijden, F.M.

    2007-01-01

    We examined levels of burnout and relationships between burnout, gender, age, years in training, and medical specialty in 158 medical residents working at the University Medical Center Groningen, the Netherlands. Thirteen percent of the residents met the criteria for burnout, with the highest percentage of burnout cases among medical residents in Psychiatry. Significantly more male residents than female residents suffered from severe burnout. Medical residents reported significantly lower mea...

  7. Burnout: need help?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sari Azade

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Burnout syndrome is a psychological situation induced with working, especially in high-risk parts of the hospitals that affects the physical and mental conditions of the staff. The aim is to identify the characteristics of the staff related to Burnout Syndrome in the Emergency Department (ED. Methods The study includes the Maslach Burnout Inventory and other new individual research questions. The responders were the volunteers and comprised physicians, nurses, nurses' aides from EDs of all urban state hospitals of Adana (43.3%. Burnout scores were analyzed with regard to individual characteristics; supplementary work, marital status, the number of children, occupation, salary, career satisfaction, satisfaction in private life. Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskall-Wallis test were performed using SPSS 15.00. Results There were no relation between Burnout scores and supplementary work, marital status, number of children, occupation, salary, private life satisfaction, except for career satisfaction. Conclusion Presence and severity of Burnout syndrome were linked to career satisfaction without personal features and salaries. All branches of healthcare occupations in ED seem to have been affected by Burnout Syndrome similarly.

  8. Synthesis and Cytotoxicity Evaluation of 13-<em>n>-Alkyl Berberine and Palmatine Analogues as Anticancer Agents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lei Zhang

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available By introducing long carbon-chain alkyl groups at the C-13 position of berberine and palmatine, 13-<em>n>-hexyl/13-<em>n>-octyl berberine and palmatine chloride analogues 4ad were synthesized and examined by MTT assays for cytotoxic activity in seven human cancer cell lines (7701QGY, SMMC7721, HepG2, CEM, CEM/VCR, KIII, Lewis, yielding IC50 values of 0.02 ± 0.01–13.58 ± 2.84 μM. 13-<em>n>-Octyl palmatine (compound 4d gave the most potent inhibitor activity, with an IC50 of 0.02 ± 0.01 μM for SMMC7721. In all cases, the 13-<em>n>-alkyl berberine and palmatine analogues 4ad were more cytotoxic than berberine and palmatine. In addition, compounds 4ad also exhibited more potent cytotoxicity than berberine and palmatine in mice with S180 sarcoma xenografted<em> in vivoem>. The primary screening results indicated that the 13-<em>n>-hexyl/13-<em>n>-octyl berberine and palmatine analogues might be valuable source for new potent anticancer drug candidates.

  9. Antibacterial and Synergy of Berberines with Antibacterial Agents against Clinical Multi-Drug Resistant Isolates of Methicillin-Resistant <em>Staphylococcus aureus em>(MRSA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhong-Qi Bian

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Antibacterial activity of berberine (Ber and 8-acetonyl-dihydroberberine (A-Ber alone and combined uses with antibacterial agents ampicillin (AMP, azithromycin (AZM, cefazolin (CFZ and levofloxacin (LEV was studied on 10 clinical isolates of SCCmec III type methicillin-resistant <em>Staphylococcus aureus em>(MRSA. Susceptibility to each agent alone was tested using a broth microdilution method and the chequerboard and time-kill tests for the combined evaluations, respectively.<em> em>The alone MICs/MBCs (mg/mL ranges were 32–128/64–256 (Ber and 32-128/128-512 (A-Ber. Significant synergies were observed for the Ber (A-Ber/AZM and Ber (A-Ber/LEV combinations against 90% of the tested MRSA strains, with fractional inhibitory concentration indices (FICIs values ranged  from 0.188 to 0.500. An additivity result was also observed for the Ber/AZM combination by time-kill curves. These results demonstrated for the first time that Ber and A-Ber enhanced the <em>in vitroem> inhibitory efficacy of AZM and LEV to a same extent, which had potential for further investigation in combinatory therapeutic applications of patients infected with MRSA.

  10. Burnout en estudiantes universitarios

    OpenAIRE

    Carmen Cecilia Caballero D.; Édgar Breso; Orlando González Gutiérrez

    2015-01-01

    In order to provide a better understanding and characterization of the nature of academic burnout in university students, a review of the concept, its evolution and extrapolation of the work context to the university academic context is performed. It is proposed its delimitation, differentiation and relationship with comorbid clinical conditions like depression and anxiety. Additionally, this paper reviews empirical research that establishes relationships of the academic burnout with th...

  11. Personality and burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Idar Wallin, Malin

    2010-01-01

    Many studies highlights the correlation between personality and burnout but a limitation in previous studies is the lack of longitudinell data, wich is preferable to show strong causal relationships. The purpose of this study is to explore if personality-traits can predict changes in levels of burnout across time. Longitudinal data from nurse students in Sweden participating in the LANE study are used. The personality constructs chosen are personality traits from The Five Factor theory, adjus...

  12. Nurses and burnout syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Zarema Obradović; Amina Obradović; Ifeta Ćesir Škoro

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: The work of nurses is human. They help people in protection against diseases. Nurses are the largest group of health workers and all problems that appear in the health system are first recognized among them. Burnout syndrome appears among nurses very frequently. We present the leading factors for burnout among nurses in RMC „Dr Safet Mujic“ in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.Methods: It is a cross sectional descriptive study. We used an anonymous questionnaire with 20 questions. ...

  13. Risco de infecção tuberculosa em agentes comunitários de saúde Riesgo de infección tuberculosa en agentes comunitarios de salud Risk of tuberculosis infection among community health agents

    OpenAIRE

    Tiago Ricardo Moreira; Eliana Zandonade; Ethel Leonor Noia Maciel

    2010-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Estimar o risco de infecção tuberculosa em agentes comunitários de saúde envolvidos no controle da doença. MÉTODOS: Foi seguida uma coorte prospectiva, de abril de 2007 a maio de 2008, no município de Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, ES. A coorte foi composta por 61 agentes comunitários, divididos em não-expostos (n=37) e expostos (que acompanharam pacientes com tuberculose, n=24). Durante os 12 meses de seguimento, foi realizado teste tuberculínico, utilizando a tuberculina PPD RT23. Foi c...

  14. Stress ocupacional em profissionais de segurança pública: um estudo com militares da Guarda Nacional Republicana Occupational stress in professionals of public security: a study with military agents of the Republican National Guard

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge M. P. Afonso; A. Rui Gomes

    2009-01-01

    Este trabalho analisa o "stress" ocupacional em 95 militares da Guarda Nacional Republicana Portuguesa. Para tal, utilizámos um protocolo de avaliação com medidas do "stress" global, "burnout", "coping" proactivo, comprometimento organizacional, satisfação com a vida e satisfação/realização profissional. Os indicadores de fidelidade e validade dos instrumentos foram muito aceitáveis. Os resultados de "burnout" por dimensão apontaram níveis apreciáveis de exaustão emocional (12%), seguidos do ...

  15. Agentes de saúde em comunidades urbanas Community-based health workers in urban areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Cláudio L. Fernandes

    1992-06-01

    Full Text Available A utilização de agentes comunitários nos programas de atenção primária à saúde é uma experiência amplamente difundida, principalmente nos países do Terceiro Mundo. É importante, entretanto, discriminar o perfil de atuação destes agentes em função da área onde atuam, principalmente no que diz respeito às diferenças entre o meio rural e o urbano. A simples substituição de profissionais de medicina, odontologia, psicologia etc, por agentes comunitários pode significar uma abordagem limitada do conceito de atenção primária, levando ao desenvolvimento de modelos assistenciais distintos, determinados em função da classe social a que se dirigem. Neste artigo, é apontada a necessidade de formação de recursos humanos de nível superior para a atenção primária à saúde, buscando-se também identificar o lugar dos agentes comunitários nesta área, sua especificidade técnica, bem como alguns obstáculos percebidos neste campo profissional.The employment of community-based health workers (CHWs in primary health care projects is a widespread experience, mainly in Third World countries. However, it is important to differentiate between the rural and urban profiles of these professionals. The replacement of medical/odontological/psychological professionals by CHWs alone may represent a limited approach to primary health care problems, leading to the development of different health care patterns, depending on the social class they are addressed. This paper points to need for the qualification of high-level health personnel also trying to identify the location of CHWs in this field, their technical specificity, as well as some difficulties observed in this practice.

  16. Sensitivity of watermelon variety Bojura to mutant agents 60Co and EMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolay Velkov

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available A study on the sensitivity of watermelon variety Bojura to mutagenic agents was carried out in 2013-2014. The goal was to establish effective doses for mutagenic treatment of dry seeds with 60Co gamma rays (80, 100, 200, 250, 350 and 450 Gy and swollen seeds with water for 24 hours were treated with ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS at a concentration of 2%. Dominant mutations were not observed in the M1 generation. Morphological changes in 14 of 1395 M2 plants were observed. Phenotypic variations changes were the colour of the seed coat, chlorophyll disorders of cotyledons, leaves, petals, and alterations of the location of the fruit set in the central stem. Visible changes of the morphological characteristics of the fruit were not observed. The doses induced certain morphological changes, however, higher doses or combined gamma rays 60Co and EMS treatments would induce mutations more efficiently. Subsequent experiments are required to obtain mutants with changes that affect flowers and fruits. The results are important for increasing mutation efficiency in watermelon breeding.

  17. Burnout contagion among general practitioners.

    OpenAIRE

    Bakker, A. B.; Schaufeli, W.B.; Sixma, H.J.; Bosveld, W.

    2001-01-01

    This study used a representative sample of 507 general practitioners (GPs) to test the hypothesis that burnout is contagious. Following a two-dimensional conceptualization of burnout, it is assumed that burnout is comprised of emotional exhaustion and negative attitudes (i.e., depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment). We hypothesized that perceived burnout complaints among colleagues and susceptibility to emotional contagion would make an independent contribution to explaining v...

  18. Burnout and the Retirement Decision

    OpenAIRE

    Nicole Maestas; Xiaoyan Li

    2007-01-01

    We introduce the process of psychological burnout and recovery as an explanation for the phenomenon known as unretirement. We illustrate theoretically how predictable time variation in burnout could generate retirement and subsequent re-entry in a standard retirement model. We apply this model to the longitudinal Health and Retirement Study, presenting a novel measure of burnout, the Burnout EX3 Index. The index is correlated with different types of work stressors, and its time profile discri...

  19. Therapy of the burnout syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Korczak, Dieter; Wastian, Monika; Schneider, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Background The prevalence, diagnostics and therapy of the burnout syndrome are increasingly discussed in the public. The unclear definition and diagnostics of the burnout syndrome are scientifically criticized. There are several therapies with unclear evidence for the treatment of burnout in existence. Objectives The health technology assessment (HTA) report deals with the question of usage and efficacy of different burnout therapies. Methods For the years 2006 to 2011, a systematic literatur...

  20. Occupational burnout among nursing personel

    OpenAIRE

    Sylwia Wieder-Huszla; Beata Żak; Anna Jurczak; Katarzyna Augustyniuk; Daria Schneider-Matyka

    2016-01-01

    Background. Occupational stress and the related burnout syndrome is undoubtedly one of the most important challenges for public health. Objectives . The objective of the study was identifying occupational burnout among nurses. Material and methods . The questionnaire was responded by 408 professionally active male and female nurses, working in the territory of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship. In the evaluation of occupational burnout the standardized Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI...

  1. Differentialdiagnostik des Burnout-Syndroms

    OpenAIRE

    Kister, Christine; Huber, Beate; Korczak, Dieter

    2010-01-01

    Introduction There is no consistent definition of burnout. It is neither a defined diagn osi s in ICD-10 nor in DSM-IV. Yet it is diagnosed by office-based doctors and clinicians. Mainly due to reimbursement reasons, diagnoses like depression are used instead of burnout diagnoses. Therefore burnout has a very high individual, social and economic impact. Objectives How is burnout diagnosed? Which criteria are relevant? How valid and reliable are the used tools? What kind of disorders in c...

  2. Burnout syndrome among university teachers

    OpenAIRE

    ŘEHÁKOVÁ, Soňa

    2013-01-01

    This thesis deals with burnout syndrome among university teachers. The theoretical part consists of three main parts and focuses on definition of the burnout syndrome, its characteristics and causes. The second part deals with burnout syndrome, particularly among teachers and the third one describes the ways of prevention. The practical part aims to measure the susceptibility of stress and burnout among teachers at the Pedagogical Faculty in Pilsen and in České Budějovice. A questionnaire Inv...

  3. The Copenhagen Burnout Inventory: A new tool for the assessment of burnout

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Tage S.; Borritz, Marianne; Villadsen, Ebbe;

    2005-01-01

    Burnout; CBI; Copenhagen Burnout Inventory; exhaustion;fatigue; human service work; psychosocial work environment; PUMA study; questionnaire validity......Burnout; CBI; Copenhagen Burnout Inventory; exhaustion;fatigue; human service work; psychosocial work environment; PUMA study; questionnaire validity...

  4. Life Stress and Academic Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Shu-Hui; Huang, Yun-Chen

    2014-01-01

    Stress has been shown to negatively affect learning. Academic burnout is a significant problem associated with poor academic performance. Although there has been increased attention on these two issues, literature on the relationship between students' life stress and burnout is relatively limited. This study surveys academic burnout and life…

  5. Burnout among Elementary School Principals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Combs, Julie; Edmonson, Stacey L.; Jackson, Sherion H.

    2009-01-01

    As the understanding of burnout continues to be refined, studies that examine school principals and burnout will be helpful to those who provide support to school leaders and are concerned about principal attrition and pending shortages. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between burnout and gender, age, and years experience…

  6. Burnout in Premedical Undergraduate Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Christina; Fang, Daniel; Golshan, Shah; Moutier, Christine; Zisook, Sidney

    2012-01-01

    Background: There has been growing recognition that medical students, interns, residents and practicing physicians across many specialties are prone to burnout, with recent studies linking high rates of burnout to adverse mental health issues. Little is known about the trajectory and origins of burnout or whether its roots may be traced to earlier…

  7. Burnout among physicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romani, Maya; Ashkar, Khalil

    2014-01-01

    Burnout is a common syndrome seen in healthcare workers, particularly physicians who are exposed to a high level of stress at work; it includes emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and low personal accomplishment. Burnout among physicians has garnered significant attention because of the negative impact it renders on patient care and medical personnel. Physicians who had high burnout levels reportedly committed more medical errors. Stress management programs that range from relaxation to cognitive-behavioral and patient-centered therapy have been found to be of utmost significance when it comes to preventing and treating burnout. However, evidence is insufficient to support that stress management programs can help reducing job-related stress beyond the intervention period, and similarly mindfulness-based stress reduction interventions efficiently reduce psychological distress and negative vibes, and encourage empathy while significantly enhancing physicians' quality of life. On the other hand, a few small studies have suggested that Balint sessions can have a promising positive effect in preventing burnout; moreover exercises can reduce anxiety levels and exhaustion symptoms while improving the mental and physical well-being of healthcare workers. Occupational interventions in the work settings can also improve the emotional and work-induced exhaustion. Combining both individual and organizational interventions can have a good impact in reducing burnout scores among physicians; therefore, multidisciplinary actions that include changes in the work environmental factors along with stress management programs that teach people how to cope better with stressful events showed promising solutions to manage burnout. However, until now there have been no rigorous studies to prove this. More interventional research targeting medical students, residents, and practicing physicians are needed in order to improve psychological well-being, professional careers, as well as the

  8. Qualidade de vida no trabalho e burnout em trabalhadores de enfermagem de Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Calidad de vida en el trabajo y burnout entre profesionales de enfermería que actúan en Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Quality of working life and burnout among nursing staff in Intensive Care Units

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Rodrigues Costa Schmidt

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Estudo descritivo, correlacional, de corte transversal, cujos objetivos foram avaliar a Qualidade de Vida no Trabalho (QVT e a presença da Síndrome de Burnout entre profissionais de enfermagem de Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. Compuseram a amostra 53 trabalhadores de enfermagem de um hospital escola do interior do Paraná, Brasil. Utilizou-se para a coleta de dados: instrumento de caracterização sócio-demográfica e profissional, Escala Visual Analógica para QVT e o Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI. A coleta de dados ocorreu entre abril e agosto de 2009. Predominaram auxiliares de enfermagem (52,8%, do sexo feminino (66,0%, casados (67,9%, com idade média de 42,4 anos. A média de QVT para o total da amostra foi de 71,1 (D.P.=15,5, demonstrando uma avaliação satisfatória para essa medida. As dimensões Exaustão Emocional, Despersonalização e Realização Profissional obtiveram média de 11,4 (DP=7,7, 4,6 (DP=4,1 e 25,0 (DP=5,9, respectivamente, enquanto a medida de QVT somente obteve associação estatisticamente significante com a dimensão Exaustão Emocional (p=0,000.Se trata de un estudio de correlación, descriptivo y transversal cuyo objetivo fue evaluar la calidad de vida en el trabajo (CVT y la incidencia de burnout entre trabajadores de enfermería que actúan en Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos. La muestra fue constituida por 53 profesionales de enfermería de un hospital escuela de la ciudad de Londrina-PR, Brasil. La recolecta de datos fue realizada en el período de abril a agosto de 2009 por medio de tres cuestionarios: datos generales y profesionales, Escala Visual Analógica para CVT y lo Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI. Predominaran en la muestra auxiliares de enfermería (52,8%, del sexo femenino (66,0%, casadas (67,9%, con edad promedia de 42,4 años. En lo que concierne a la evaluación de la CVT, se obtuve promedia de 71,1 (DE=15,5, demostrando una buena evaluación para esa medida. Las dimensiones del MBI (AE, DP, RP

  9. Hospital restructuring and burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenglass, Esther R; Burke, Ronald J

    2002-01-01

    Increasingly, organizations are experiencing changes as a result of extensive downsizing, restructuring, and merging. In Canada, government-sponsored medicine has been affected as hospitals have merged or closed, reducing essential medical services and resulting in extensive job loss for hospital workers, particularly nurses. Hospital restructuring has also resulted in greater stress and job insecurity in nurses. The escalation of stressors has created burnout in nurses. This study examines predictors of burnout in nurses experiencing hospital restructuring using the MBI-General Survey which yields scores on three scales: Emotional exhaustion, Cynicism, and Professional efficacy. Multiple regressions were conducted where each burnout scale was the criterion and stressors (e.g., amount of work, use of generic workers to do nurses' work), restructuring effects, social support, and individual resources (e.g., control coping, self-efficacy, prior organizational commitment) were predictors. There were differences in the amount of variance accounted for in the burnout components by stressors and resources. Stressors contributed most to emotional exhaustion and least to professional efficacy. Individual resources were more likely to contribute to professional efficacy and least to emotional exhaustion. Stressors and resources accounted for approximately equal amounts of variance in cynicism. Three conclusions were drawn. First, present findings parallel others by showing that individual coping patterns contribute to professional efficacy. Second, emotional exhaustion was found to be the prototype of stress. Third, prior organizational commitment, self-efficacy, and control coping resulted in lower burnout. PMID:15137570

  10. [Burnout : ten years later.].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bibeau, G

    1985-01-01

    The important literature on burn-out or professionnal exhaustion is examined here from three aspects: socio-cultural anthropology, biological anthropology and ethnopsychiatry. On the socio-cultural level, the emergence of burn-out is seen as an epiphenomenon arising conjointly from a new work ethic and a new concept of the person; on the biological level, the burnout is presented in relation to two main areas of study: as an adaptative strategy used by individuals to face particularly demanding situations in their working environment and as a particular modality of the interrelations between physical, psychological and behavioral dimensions in a person; on the ethnopsychiatric level, the burn-out is not interpreted as a new category in the description of illnessess but rather as a model of behavior more socially accepted and as an integrative concept that allows one to give meaning to a diversified group of symptoms. Studies on burn-out indicators, their causes, its neuro-physiology and its definition are explicitly discussed according to three perspectives: socio-cultural, biological and ethnopsychiatric. PMID:17093512

  11. Stress and Burnout among multidisciplinary residents Estrés y Burnout entre residentes multiprofesionales Estresse e Burnout entre residentes multiprofissionais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura de Azevedo Guido

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To identify associations between high-stress and burnout syndrome in multidisciplinary residents from a federal university in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. METHOD: This is an analytical, cross-sectional and quantitative study. A socio-demographic questionnaire, the Work Stress Scale and the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Health Services Survey (MBI-HSS were applied to 37 residents between April and June 2011. P-valuesOBJETIVO: Identificar la asociación entre alto estrés y Burnout en residentes Multiprofesionales de una universidad federal de Rio Grande do Sul. MÉTODO: se trata de un estudio analítico, transversal, cuantitativo. Se aplicaron un formulario de datos socio-demográficos, la Escala de Estrés en el Trabajo y el Maslach Burnout Inventory- Health Services en 37 residentes entre Abril y Junio de 2011. Valores de pOBJETIVO: identificar a associação entre alto estresse e Burnout em residentes multiprofissionais de uma universidade federal do Rio Grande do Sul. MÉTODO: trata-se de estudo analítico, transversal, quantitativo. Aplicaram-se um formulário de dados socio demográficos, a Escala de Estresse no Trabalho e o Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS em 37 residentes entre abril e junho de 2011. Valores de p<0,05 foram considerados estatisticamente significativos. RESULTADOS: verificou-se que 48,65% de residentes apresentavam alto estresse. Na associação das subescalas do MBI, 27% dos residentes apresentaram indicativo para síndrome de Burnout. Observou-se correlação estatisticamente significativa (p=0,00; r= 0,68 entre alto estresse e Burnout. CONCLUSÕES: confirmou-se o alto estresse como preditor da síndrome de Burnout entre os residentes multiprofissionais. Assim, propõe-se a realização de estudos com delineamento interventivo para que essa realidade seja modificada.

  12. Burnout among football coaches in Greece

    OpenAIRE

    ATHANASIOS KOUSTELIOS

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the perceived level of burnout among football coaches in Greece. The sample consisted of 132 male football coaches from Greece. The Maslach Burnout Inventory was used to measure burnout. Results indicated that Greek football coaches of this sample were experienced low level of burnout. Findings also revealed no statistically significant age differences on the burnout subscales.

  13. Perceived collective burnout: a multilevel explanation of burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Morales, M Gloria; Peiró, José M; Rodríguez, Isabel; Bliese, Paul D

    2012-01-01

    Building up on the socially induced model of burnout and the job demands-resources model, we examine how burnout can transfer without direct contagion or close contact among employees. Based on the social information processing approach and the conservation of resources theory, we propose that perceived collective burnout emerges as an organizational-level construct (employees' shared perceptions about how burned out are their colleagues) and that it predicts individual burnout over and above indicators of demands and resources. Data were gathered during the first term and again during the last term of the academic year among 555 teachers from 100 schools. The core dimensions of burnout, exhaustion, and cynicism were measured at the individual and collective level. Random coefficient models were computed in a lagged effects design. Results showed that perceived collective burnout at Time 1 was a significant predictor of burnout at Time 2 after considering previous levels of burnout, demands (workload, teacher-student ratio, and absenteeism rates), and resources (quality of school facilities). These findings suggest that perceived collective burnout is an important characteristic of the work environment that can be a significant factor in the development of burnout. PMID:21229404

  14. Jogo da Minoria: um modelo baseado em agentes aplicado ao mercado financeiro Minority Game: an agent-based model applied to financial market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Fernando Crepaldi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Nos últimos anos houve uma contribuição significativa dos físicos para a construção de um tipo de modelo baseado em agentes que busca reproduzir, em simulação computacional, o comportamento do mercado financeiro. Esse modelo, chamado Jogo da Minoria consiste de um grupo de agentes que vão ao mercado comprar ou vender ativos. Eles tomam decisões com base em estratégias e, por meio delas, os agentes estabelecem um intrincado jogo de competição e coordenação pela distribuição da riqueza. O modelo tem demonstrado resultados bastante ricos e surpreendentes, tanto na dinâmica do sistema como na capacidade de reproduzir características estatísticas e comportamentais do mercado financeiro. Neste artigo, são apresentadas a estrutura e a dinâmica do Jogo da Minoria, bem como as contribuições recentes relacionadas ao Jogo da Minoria denominado de Grande Canônico, que é um modelo mais bem ajustado às características do mercado financeiro e reproduz as regularidades estatísticas do preço dos ativos chamadas fatos estilizados.Over the past ten years physicists have made a significant contribution to the building of an agent-based model to reproduce the behavior of financial markets using computer simulation. This model, called the Minority Game, consists of a group of agents that buy or sell assets. They make decisions based on strategies, and through them the agents establish an intricate game of competition and coordination resulting in the distribution of wealth. The model has shown outstanding surprising results concerning both the dynamics of the system and the ability to reproduce statistical and behavior characteristics of the financial market. In this study, the structure and dynamics of the Minority Game and the recent contributions related to the Grand Canonical Minority game, a model which is better adapted to the characteristics of the financial market and reproduce the statistical regularities of asset prices (called

  15. Infiltração marginal de agentes cimentantes em coroas metálicas fundidas Marginal microleakage of cast metal crowns luting agents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomie Nakakuki de CAMPOS

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Um dos principais objetivos do cimento, que fixa a restauração protética ao dente, é o selamento da fenda existente entre os mesmos. Para avaliar a infiltração marginal, foram feitos preparos cavitários padronizados, em 20 dentes naturais extraídos. As coroas totais foram fundidas em NiCr, sendo 10 cimentadas com cimento de fosfato de zinco e 10 com cimento resinoso Panavia 21. As amostras foram submetidas à ciclagem térmica e em seguida foram colocadas em solução de azul de metileno a 0,5%. Após o seccionamento vestíbulo-lingual, os corpos-de-prova foram examinados com lupa de aumento. Houve diferença significante entre os dois cimentos testados, sendo que 100% das amostras cimentadas com cimento de fosfato de zinco apresentaram infiltração atingindo dentina e polpa e 100% das amostras cimentadas com Panavia 21 não sofreram qualquer tipo de infiltração. Conclui-se que: o cimento resinoso Panavia 21 apresentou melhores resultados, quanto ao grau de infiltração, quando comparado com o cimento de fosfato de zinco, na cimentação de coroas metálicas fundidas em NiCr.One of the main goals of the luting agent, which bonds the cast restoration to the prepared tooth, is to seal the gap between them. Standardized preparations were made on 20 extracted teeth in order to evaluate microleakage. The crowns were made in NiCr, and in one group of 10 crowns zinc phosphate was used as the luting agent; in the other 10, Panavia 21 was used. The samples were thermocycled and then put into methylene blue solution (0.5%. After buccolingual sectioning of the cemented crowns, the samples were examined with a magnifier. There was a significant difference between the two groups: 100% of the zinc phosphate cemented crowns presented microleakage reaching the dentin and the pulp and 100% of the samples with Panavia 21 did not suffer any microleakage. So, as to the marginal microleakage with cast metal crowns in NiCr, the Panavia 21 luting agent

  16. Análise da síndrome de "burnout" e das estratégias de "coping" em atletas brasileiros de vôlei de praia Analysis of burnout syndrome and coping strategies in Brazilian athletes beach volleyball

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lenamar Fiorese Vieira

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objetivo analisar a síndrome de "burnout" e as estratégias de "coping" de jogadores de vôlei de praia. Participaram 93 atletas, das categorias sub-21 e "open" do circuito brasileiro de vôlei de praia. Como instrumentos foram utilizados uma ficha com dados de identificação, Questionário de "Burnout" para Atletas e Inventário Atlético das Estratégias de "Coping". Para análise dos dados utilizou-se teste de Kolmogorov-Smirnov, coeficiente Alpha de Cronbach, teste 'U' de Mann-Whitney, teste de Kruskal-Wallis e coeficiente de correlação de Spearman, adotando p This study aimed to analyze burnout syndrome and coping strategies of beach volleyball players. Ninety-three athletes participated, being one group of under-21 age and another group of adult category. The both group are composed by players of the Brazilian beach volleyball championship. The instruments used were a form with data identification, Burnout Questionnaire for Athletes and Athletic Inventory of Coping Strategies. For data analysis, the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Cronbach's alpha coefficient, 'U' Mann-Whitney test, Kruskal-Wallis test and Spearman correlation coefficient, were used, considering p < 0.05. There was a significant and negative correlation between the dimensions of burnout and coping strategies. For the dimensions of burnout, just ranking obtained significant difference, while for coping strategies, gender, category, ranking and practice time showed significant differences. It was concluded that the higher burnout, fewer beach volleyball athletes use coping strategies.

  17. Burnout: de stand van zaken

    OpenAIRE

    Taris, T.; Houtman, I.L.D.; Schaufeli, W

    2013-01-01

    Dit artikel geeft een overzicht van de stand van zaken in het onderzoek naar burnout. Burnout is een syndroom van extreme vermoeidheid (uitputting), afstand nemen van het werk (distantie) en weinig vertrouwen in het eigen kunnen (verminderde competentie), waarbij de oorzaken voor deze aspecten gelegen zijn in hetzij de werksfeer, hetzij de manier waarop werknemers omgaan met stresserende aspecten in hun werk. Als werkgerelateerd fenomeen onderscheidt burnout zich van vergelijkbare psychische ...

  18. Organizational Communication and Burnout Symptoms

    OpenAIRE

    Hoeven, ter, Claartje L.; Jong, de, P.F.; Peper, Bram

    2006-01-01

    Job burnout is a psychological response to work stress. Many studies have been conducted measuring burnout and its causes and consequences. The research into causes of burnout brings up various communication-related constructs, but the relationships with feedback employees receive and communication climate is underexposed. This study investigates these relationships. Data for the current study were collected through a web-based questionnaire held among employees of a Dutch subsidiary of an in...

  19. New burnout correlation for annuli

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Towell, R.H.

    1964-03-26

    A number of burnout tests have been run subsequent to the publication of the burnout equations in DP-355 and DP-725. The range of variables was extended in these tests and the burnout heat flux was measured. This memorandum presents a modified empirical equation, which correlates the new data, for use in the design of fuel assemblies for the HWCTR. We expect to submit this material for a journal publication within the next quarter.

  20. Burnout in Customer Service Representatives

    OpenAIRE

    Tariq Jalees; Javed Zeeshan

    2008-01-01

    The purpose and aim of this research was to (1) identify the factors that contributes towards job burnout in sales service representative (2) What are the relationships of these factors (3) To empirically test the relationships of the determinants relating to burnout in customer service representatives. Based on literature survey six different variables related to burnout were identified. The variables were (1) Emotional exhaustion.(2) Reduced personal accomplishment.(3) Job induced tension.(...

  1. Language Teachers’ Burnout and Gender

    OpenAIRE

    Mahboobeh Jamshidirad; Jayakaran Mukundan; Vahid Nimehchisalem

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of gender on the three burnout dimensions; emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalization (DP) and personal accomplishment (PA) among English language teachers in Malaysia. This study was a quantitative survey study. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators Survey (MBI-ES) (Maslach, Jackson, & Schwab, 1986) was used to collect the data to determine the burnout levels of the teachers with respect to its three dimensions. These Data was c...

  2. Burnout Syndrome in Assisting Professions

    OpenAIRE

    KRÁLOVÁ, Lucie

    2011-01-01

    This Bachelor work deals with the burnout syndrome in assisting professions focusing especially on the personality of the special educator. The introductory part defines the concept of the burnout syndrome and describes its historical development. It also presents the risk factors participating in its origin, approaches the symptoms that may occur during the burnout syndrome and distinguishes it from other mental conditions. The issue concerning the possible prevention and treatment of the al...

  3. Burnout Syndrome in Pediatric Practice

    OpenAIRE

    Al-Youbi, Reem A.; Jan, Mohammed M.

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: Burnout is a common work-related syndrome consisting of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and diminished feelings of personal accomplishment. Burnout influences the performance and efficiency of the healthcare professionals and therefore the quality of the care provided. This study aims to assess the burnout rates and potential determinants in pediatrics.Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive study involving physicians practicing pediatrics in the Jeddah area of Saudi Arabi...

  4. Burnout syndrome at the nurses

    OpenAIRE

    FRÖMLOVÁ, Lenka

    2011-01-01

    The bachelor thesis deals with a definition of the burnout syndrome, its symptoms and prevention. Further, its aim is to present a relationship between the burnout syndome and personality characteristics of nurses. In the empirical part, the thesis attempts to register differences in the rate of burnout at nurses who work in a psychiatry ward and their comparison with nurses who work in other wards. At the end, the thesis tries to explain found differences .

  5. [Burnout--a new disease?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillert, A

    2008-12-01

    Since Herbert Freudenbergers "Staff Burnout", published in 1974, burnout has become a synonym for psychosomatic, psychological symptoms and social consequences of a long-lasting workload exceeding an individual's capacity. Without any binding definition, the term burnout is used by patients as well as their doctors and therapists as a medical diagnosis. Described by Freudenberger from a patient's point of view, the term tries to integrate symptoms (fatigue, emotional exhaustion, reduced personal accomplishment and distancing from clients) as well as cause (job strain) of the burnout process. Thus burnout was claimed to have nothing in common with psychiatric disorders. Altogether this burnout concept is fairly plausible and attractive for people suffering from the symptoms. It also lowers the threshold to think about work related and psychosomatic problems and to look for therapeutic support. According to the criteria of modern diagnostic systems like DSM-IV and ICD-10, the attempt to integrate symptoms and causes of a psychosomatic phenomenon in a diagnosis will fail. In ICD-10 burnout only can be found as an--undefined--additional diagnostic term. Scientific data show that people suffering from burnout are a quite heterogeneous group, including people who had once been highly motivated and successful in their business as well as people feeling overworked all their lives. While burnout is not convincing as a diagnostic term, its high popularity highlights the fundamental needs and problems of a changing society, characterised by increasing work related stressors and decreasing social security. PMID:19119778

  6. Agentes comunitários de saúde: sentidos acerca do trabalho em HIV/AIDS Community health agents: meanings in HIV/AIDS work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nara Helena Lopes Pereira da Silva

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo pretende ampliar discussões sobre o trabalho dos agentes comunitários de saúde, na atenção primária, em relação ao HIV/AIDS. Para tal, o objetivo foi dar visibilidade para os sentidos construídos sobre HIV/AIDS em um grupo com agentes comunitários de saúde. Foi realizada uma entrevista com um grupo de quatro agentes, sendo a mesma gravada, transcrita e analisada na perspectiva do construcionismo social. A análise das narrativas informa como os diferentes sentidos atribuídos ao longo da história da epidemia se fazem presentes nas concepções e no trabalho com HIV/AIDS, a saber: o preconceito ancorado pelo discurso científico; as relações de gênero implicadas no trabalho; os valores contemporâneos atrelados à perfeição e juventude. Destaca-se que tais sentidos construídos conjuntamente na interação grupal, interpretam e constituem o fazer saúde. Assim, conclui-se que a criação de espaços para a troca dialógica entre os profissionais possibilita problematizar sentidos aparentemente cristalizados no que se refere a temática do HIV/AIDS.The present study intends to extend discussions about the community health agents work in the primary attention, concerning HIV/AIDS. For this purpose, the objective was to give visibility to the constructed meanings regarding HIV/AIDS in a group of community health agents. A group interview was conducted with four agents. The interview was tape-recorded, transcribed and analyzed in the perspective of social constructionism. The analysis of the narratives informed how the different meanings attributed throughout the history of the epidemy are present in conceptions and in the work with HIV/AIDS, namely, the prejudice anchored by the scientific discourse; gender issues involved in work relations; contemporary values expressed in the ideals of perfection and youth. We emphasize that these meanings jointly constructed with group interaction, interpret and constitute health care

  7. Burnout in perioperative context

    OpenAIRE

    Galvão, Ana Maria; Gonçalves, Ana Rita Veloso; Certo, Ana

    2014-01-01

    Companies in a global context are going through moments of great development of information and technologies. In these environments Burnout is highly prevalent, this syndrome is considered as one of physical and emotional stress that leads to a lack of motivation to work, leading to a progressive sense of inadequacy and failure. Objectives: What level of stress Perioperative nurses for nurses in the Region of Tras-os-Montes and Alto Douro. Methods: Non-experimental study,...

  8. Burnout bei Arbeitslosen

    OpenAIRE

    Wüstner, Kerstin

    2005-01-01

    Die Forschung um Folgen der Arbeitslosigkeit hat lange Tradition, spätestens seit der klassischen Marienthal-Studie von Jahoda und Mitarbeitern (1933/1975). Bei dieser wie bei nachfolgenden Studien galt das Interesse dem Erleben bzw. den Folgen von Arbeitslosigkeit, wobei teilweise unterschiedliche Konstrukte in den Blick genommen wurden. Vergleichsweise kurz kommt hierbei die Diskussion der Möglichkeit, inwiefern Arbeitslosigkeit auch Burnout, das in erster Linie im Kontext von Erwerbstä...

  9. Nurses and burnout syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zarema Obradović

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The work of nurses is human. They help people in protection against diseases. Nurses are the largest group of health workers and all problems that appear in the health system are first recognized among them. Burnout syndrome appears among nurses very frequently. We present the leading factors for burnout among nurses in RMC „Dr Safet Mujic“ in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.Methods: It is a cross sectional descriptive study. We used an anonymous questionnaire with 20 questions. Our sample was random with 30% of all nurses which were working in this Medical Center in January-February 2012.Results: In our study 77.9% nurses work in the hospital. 52% have over 16 years of work experience. 34.6% of examinees are satisfi ed with interpersonal relationships, 31.7 % are satisfi ed with relationships with the superior. Motivation for work have 51% of examinees, a big number comes unwilling on work.For 83.7% overtime work is the reason for dissatisfaction 71.2% examinees think that they can't make progress on work. A high percentage of examinees doesn't think about problems related to work outside working hours, a good sleep have 38.5% and 56.7% wakes up tired. Many of examinees are not satisfiedwith workplace, and 58.7% would like to change it.Conclusion: Nurses employed in RMC „Dr Safet Mujic“ Mostar are exposed to many factors during work which can cause the burnout syndrome. It is necessary to expand the study on a larger group of nurses and to implement the measures for reducing risks of burnout syndrome.

  10. Assessing coal burnout

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lowe, A. [Pacific Power, Sydney, NSW (Australia)

    1999-11-01

    Recent research has allowed a quantitative description of the basic process of burnout for pulverized coals to be made. The Cooperative Research Centre for Black Coal Utilization has built on this work to develop a coal combustion model which will allow plant engineers and coal company representatives to assess their coals for combustion performance. The paper describes the model and its validation and outlines how it is run. 2 figs.

  11. Comparing Burnout Across Emergency Physicians, Nurses, Technicians, and Health Information Technicians Working for the Same Organization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schooley, Benjamin; Hikmet, Neset; Tarcan, Menderes; Yorgancioglu, Gamze

    2016-03-01

    Studies on the topic of burnout measure the effects of emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalization (DP) (negative or cynical attitudes toward work), and reduced sense of personal accomplishment (PA). While the prevalence of burnout in practicing emergency medicine (EM) professionals has been studied, little is known of the prevalence and factors across physicians, nurses, technicians, and health information technicians working for the same institution. The aim of this study was to assess burnout differences across EM professional types.The total population of 250 EM professionals at 2 public urban hospitals in Turkey were surveyed using the Maslach Burnout Inventory and basic social- and work-related demographics. Descriptive statistics, ANOVA, and additional post hoc tests were computed.Findings show that EE and DP scores were high across all occupational groups, while scores on PA were low. There was a statistically significant difference between nurses and medical technicians (P < 0.05) for EE; and between physicians and both nurses and medical technicians (P < 0.05) for PA; while no group differences were found for DP. Age, gender, economic well-being, and income level were all significant; while patient load and marital status showed no significance.Burnout can be high across occupational groups in the emergency department. Burnout is important for EM administrators to assess across human resources. Statistically significant differences across socio-demographic groups vary across occupational groups. However, differences between occupational groups may not be explained effectively by the demographic factors assessed in this or other prior studies. Rather, the factors associated with burnout are incomplete and require further institutional, cultural, and organizational analyses including differentiating between job tasks carried out by each EM job type. PMID:26962780

  12. Burnout : de stand van zaken

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Taris, T.; Houtman, I.L.D.; Schaufeli, W.

    2013-01-01

    Dit artikel geeft een overzicht van de stand van zaken in het onderzoek naar burnout. Burnout is een syndroom van extreme vermoeidheid (uitputting), afstand nemen van het werk (distantie) en weinig vertrouwen in het eigen kunnen (verminderde competentie), waarbij de oorzaken voor deze aspecten geleg

  13. Language Teachers’ Burnout and Gender

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahboobeh Jamshidirad

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of gender on the three burnout dimensions; emotional exhaustion (EE, depersonalization (DP and personal accomplishment (PA among English language teachers in Malaysia. This study was a quantitative survey study. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators Survey (MBI-ES (Maslach, Jackson, & Schwab, 1986 was used to collect the data to determine the burnout levels of the teachers with respect to its three dimensions. These Data was collected from 28 English language teachers (50% female. Descriptive and inferential statistics including frequency, percentage, means, standard deviations, and t-test were used in the analysis. The results showed that gender was not a predictor of burnout in this sample. The study can have useful implications for educational administrators who deal with language teachers.Keywords: burnout, emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, reduced personal accomplishment, gender, language teachers

  14. Psychosocial stress and minor psychiatric disorders among Agentes Socioeducadores Estrés psicosocial y disturbios psíquicos menores en agentes socio-educadores Estresse psicossocial e distúrbios psíquicos menores em agentes socioeducadores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Bitencourt Toscani Greco

    2012-10-01

    necesaria la planificación de acciones de promoción a la salud, a fin de precaver la enfermedad mental de eses trabajadores.OBJETIVO: verificar a associação entre estresse psicossocial e a ocorrência de Distúrbios Psíquicos Menores em agentes socioeducadores. MÉTODO: estudo transversal com 381 agentes socioeducadores dos Centros de Atendimento Socioeducativo do Rio Grande do Sul, em 2011. Utilizaram-se as versões brasileiras da escala de demanda-controle-apoio social no trabalho e do Self-Reporting Questionnaire 20 (SRQ-20. RESULTADOS: a prevalência de distúrbio psíquico menor foi de 50,1%. As chances de ser classificado com tal distúrbio foram maiores no quadrante trabalho em alta exigência (OR=2,05; IC95%=1,03-4,09 e trabalho ativo (OR=1,99; IC95%=1,09-3,63, quando comparados ao de baixa exigência, após ajuste por potenciais fatores de confusão. CONCLUSÃO: há associação positiva entre estresse psicossocial (alta exigência e trabalho ativo e distúrbios psíquicos menores em agentes socioeducadores. Faz-se necessário o planejamento de ações de promoção à saúde, a fim de prevenir o adoecimento mental desses trabalhadores.

  15. Desenvolvimento de uma arquitetura de comunicação de um agente pedagógico inteligente em Java

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alisson Oldoni

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available O projeto “Sistemas Virtuais de Ensino Baseados na Internet para Suporte à Educação e Treinamento na Área de Saúde”, coordenado pelo Instituto de Engenharia Biomédica da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, engloba o desenvolvimento de um Sistema Tutor Inteligente de neurofisiologia que utiliza a tecnologia de agentes pedagógicos inteligentes. O estudo realizado para a escolha da ferramenta de sistema especialista baseado em regras a ser utilizada na inteligência do agente não é uma tarefa trivial e constituiu uma das partes mais fundamentais da modelagem do projeto. Este artigo apresenta este estudo das ferramentas, a ferramenta escolhida e a arquitetura de comunicação desenvolvida.

  16. IMPROVED ANTIFOAM AGENT STUDY END OF YEAR REPORT, EM PROJECT 3.2.3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lambert, D.; Koopman, D.; Newell, J.

    2011-09-30

    issues above is that DWPF had three antifoam needs in FY2011: (1) Determine the cause of the poor Antifoam 747 performance during caustic boiling; (2) Determine the decomposition products of Antifoam 747 during CPC processing; and (3) Improve the effectiveness of Antifoam 747, in order to minimize the amount used. Testing was completed by Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT) and Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) researchers to address these questions. The testing results reported were funded by both DWPF and DOE/EM 31. Both sets of results are reported in this document for completeness. The results of this research are summarized: (1) The cause for the poor Antifoam 747 performance during caustic boiling was the high hydrolysis rate, cleaving the antifoam molecule in two, leading to poor antifoam performance. In testing with pH solutions from 1 to 13, the antifoam degraded quickly at a pH < 4 and pH > 10. As the antifoam decomposed it lost its spreading ability (wetting agent performance), which is crucial to its antifoaming performance. During testing of a caustic sludge simulants, there was more foam in tests with added Antifoam 747 than in tests without added antifoam. (2) Analyses were completed to determine the composition of the two antifoam components and Antifoam 747. In addition, the decomposition products of Antifoam 747 were determined during CPC processing of sludge simulants. The main decomposition products were identified primarily as Long Chain Siloxanes, boiling point > 400 C. Total antifoam recovery was 33% by mass. In a subsequent study, various compounds potentially related to antifoam were found using semi-volatile organic analysis and volatile organic analysis on the hexane extractions and hexane rinses. These included siloxanes, trimethyl silanol, methoxy trimethyl silane, hexamethyl disiloxane, aliphatic hydrocarbons, dioctyl phthalate, and emulsifiers. Cumulatively, these species amounted to less than 3% of the antifoam mass. The

  17. Occupational stress in professionals of public security: a study with military agents of the Republican National Guard / Stress ocupacional em profissionais de segurança pública: um estudo com militares da Guarda Nacional Republicana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge M. P. Afonso

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This work analyzes occupational stress in 95 Portuguese military agents of the Republican National Guard. We applied an evaluation protocol with measures of global stress, burnout, proactive coping, organizational commitment, satisfaction with life, and professional satisfaction/accomplishment. The fidelity and validity results of the instruments were very acceptable. The results of burnout pointed out a remarkable level of emotional exhaustion (12% followed by cynicism (10% and low professional effectiveness (8% (but we have not found any participant with burnout values in the three dimensions simultaneously, and different variables were observed in the prediction of those three areas. The discriminant analysis among subgroups allowed us to verify two main aspects: (a lower levels of organizational commitment and more use of proactive coping in younger and/or inexperienced military agents and (b higher desire to leave the job/profession and cynicism in older and/or more experienced professionals. At the end, the authors discuss the importance of future research to analyze the effects of a higher tendency to use cynicism as their age increase and the consequences of a lower organizational commitment in terms of professional efficacy of the younger agents.

  18. Síndrome de Burnout entre os trabalhadores da Estratégia de Saúde da Família Síndrome de Burnout entre los trabajadores de la Estrategia de Salud de la Familia Syndrome of Burnout among the workers of the Strategy of Health of the Family

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Letícia de Lima Trindade

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, desenvolvido junto a dezesseis equipes de Estratégia de Saúde da Família de Santa Maria (RS, que objetivou identificar os trabalhadores com a Síndrome de Burnout e as variáveis associadas a este distúrbio. A amostra foi composta por 86 trabalhadores, representando 86,3% dos profissionais (médico, enfermeiro, técnico de enfermagem, odontólogo e auxiliar de consultório dentário e 30,2% dos agentes comunitários de saúde, os quais responderam ao Maslach Inventory Burnout. A idade média do grupo foi de 36,94±9,3 anos, com predominância do sexo feminino (84,9%. A maioria possui companheiro (68,2%, tem filhos (69,4%, trabalha, em média, 3,38±1,9 anos na equipe e não realiza atividades físicas (62,8%. Identificaram-se seis trabalhadores (6,9% com a Síndrome de Burnout, a qual teve associação estatística significativa (p= 0,034 com a variável idade jovem. Os mais jovens obtiveram escores superiores nas subescalas de desgaste emocional e despersonalização do Inventário de Burnout.Se trata de un estudio descriptivo, desarrollado junto a dieciséis equipos de Estrategia de la Salud de la Familia de Santa María (RS, Brasil que tuvo como objetivo identificar a los trabajadores con el Síndrome de Burnout y las variables asociadas a este disturbio. La muestra se compuso de 86 trabajadores, que representaban el 86,3% de los profesionales (médicos, enfermeros, técnicos en enfermería, odontólogos y auxiliares de consultorio odontológico y 30,2% de los agentes comunitarios de salud, los cuales respondieron al Maslach Inventory Burnout. La edad promedio del grupo fue de 36,94±9,3 años, con predominancia de sexo femenino (84,9%. La mayoría vive en pareja (68,2%, tiene hijos (69,4%, ha trabajado en el equipo durante un promedio de 3,38±1,9 años y no realiza actividades físicas (62,8%. Se identificaron seis trabajadores (6,9% con Síndrome de Burnout, los cuales tuvieron una asociación estad

  19. Mechanism and prediction of burnout

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The lecture begins by discussing the definitions of burnout and the various parametric effects as seen from the results for burnout measurements in uniformly heated round tubes. The correlations which are developed from these measurements and their applications to the case of non-uniform axial distribution of heat flux is then discussed in general terms as an illustration of the importance of knowing more about the nature and mechanism of the burnout. The next section of the lecture is concerned with summarizing broadly the various possible mechanisms in both the sub-cooled region and the quality region. It transpires that, for tubes of reasonable length, the normal first occurrence of burnout is in the annular flow regime. A discussion of burnout mechanisms in this regime then follows, with descriptions of the various experimental techniques evolved to study the mechanism. The final section of the lecture is concerned with prediction methods for burnout in annular flow and the application of these methods to prediction of burnout in round tubes, annuli and rod bundles, with a variety of fluids

  20. Defining the student burnout construct: a structural analysis from three burnout inventories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maroco, João; Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini

    2012-12-01

    College student burnout has been assessed mainly with the Maslach burnout inventory (MBI). However, the construct's definition and measurement with MBI has drawn several criticisms and new inventories have been suggested for the evaluation of the syndrome. A redefinition of the construct of student burnout is proposed by means of a structural equation model, reflecting burnout as a second order factor defined by factors from the MBI-student survey (MBI-SS); the Copenhagen burnout inventory-student survey (CBI-SS) and the Oldenburg burnout inventory-student survey (OLBI-SS). Standardized regression weights from Burnout to Exhaustion and Cynicism from the MBI-SS scale, personal burnout and studies related burnout from the CBI, and exhaustion and disengagement from OLBI, show that these factors are strong manifestations of students' burnout. For college students, the burnout construct is best defined by two dimensions described as "physical and psychological exhaustion" and "cynicism and disengagement". PMID:23402050

  1. Prediction of burnout. Chapter 14

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A broad survey is made of the effect on burnout heat flux of various system parameters to give the reader a better initial idea of the significance of changes in individual parameters. A detailed survey is then made of various correlation equations for predicting burnout for steam -water in uniformly heated tubes, annuli, rectangular channels and rod clusters, giving details of recommended equations. Finally comments are made on the influence of heat-flux profile and swirl flow on burnout, and on the definition of dryout margin. (author)

  2. Introduction to burnout. Chapter 12

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The evaluation of burnout in industrial plant involves combination of analysis of existing data, theoretical models, and detailed experimental investigation using electrical heating. Progress is being made towards better understanding of the mechanisms of burnout, and data are being accumulated from experiments with straight tubes, bends, and coils covering a wide range of pressures. The synthesis of experimental data and theoretical models may in the future provide methods of predicting burnout, even in complex geometries, but it is unlikely that this will supersede the need for full-scale confirmatory testing of specific designs when high accuracy of prediction is required. (author)

  3. A exaustão profissional nos agentes da polícia de segurança pública do concelho de Viseu

    OpenAIRE

    Machado, Cátia Solange Araújo

    2011-01-01

    O presente estudo é transversal e evidencia um desenho descritivo, este pretendeu identificar e caracterizar a incidência do burnout em agentes da Polícia da Segurança Pública (PSP). As condições físicas, ambientais e psicológicas do trabalho remetem para uma dimensão da saúde psicológica. Os agentes da PSP estão expostos a estas condições, o que poderá traduzir relações entre os factores de stress no trabalho e a exaustão profissional (burnout), dado que esta é considerada uma resposta in...

  4. For Caregivers: Coping with Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... as exhaustion of physical or emotional strength or motivation, usually as a result of prolonged stress. Burnout ... the problem and the solution. Utilize your company's Employee Assistance Program (EAP) to receive support/counseling or ...

  5. Occupational burnout in Birjand dentists

    OpenAIRE

    Khazaie T; Sharifzadeh M; Hoseini S

    2011-01-01

    "nBackground and Aims: Occupational burnout is a psychological syndrome resulting from continuous tensions which causes absence, conflict, job changing, etc. In spite of much effort done in optimizing the work conditions and satisfying the employed persons, the dentists still suffer from this incident. The purpose of this study was to determine the degree of occupational burnout in Birjand dentists and to provide an approach."nMaterials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical st...

  6. The Variables Predicting Couple Burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Çapri, Burhan; Gökçakan, Zafer

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the study is to investigate the contributions of variables concerned with socio-demographic features, career burnout, marital adjustment, spouse support, marriage and relationship on the prediction of couple burnout of married individuals. The research group consisted of 435 married females (n= 235) and males (n= 200), who are university staff in different units of Mersin University, selected randomly from the population and who accepted to join the study voluntarily. In order ...

  7. Investigation of burnout in marriage

    OpenAIRE

    Mustafa Pamuk; Emine Durmuş

    2015-01-01

    Aim of this study is to investigate of couple burnout in terms of some demografic variables, spousal support, dyadic trust, and interpersonel cognitive distortions in Turkey. The participant of the study is 482 married individuals, who are 271 female, 211 male live in Elazığ. To collect data; personel information form, Marriage Burnout Scale-Short Form (MBS-SF), Dyadic Trust Scale (DTS), Spouse Support Scale (SSS), and Interpersonel Cognitive Distortions Scale (ICDS) were applied to participa...

  8. Methodological considerations when translating "burnout"

    OpenAIRE

    Allison Squires; Catherine Finlayson; Lauren Gerchow; Cimiotti, Jeannie P.; Anne Matthews; Rene Schwendimann; Peter Griffiths; Reinhard Busse; Maude Heinen; Tomasz Brzostek; Maria Teresa Moreno-Casbas; Aiken, Linda H.; Walter Sermeus

    2014-01-01

    No study has systematically examined how researchers address cross-cultural adaptation of burnout. We conducted an integrative review to examine how researchers had adapted the instruments to the different contexts. We reviewed the Content Validity Indexing scores for the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey from the 12-country comparative nursing workforce study, RN4CAST. In the integrative review, multiple issues related to translation were found in existing studies. In the cross...

  9. The medical perspective on burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Tamar Kakiashvili; Jerzy Leszek; Krzysztof Rutkowski

    2013-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this study was to review recent medical findings related to burnout, its diagnosis, treatment, characteristic pathophysiological features, and preventive measures. Materials and Methods: A systematic review of the scientific literature in PubMed/Medline was performed. The most recent and important findings were reported. Results: Burnout was found to be a risk factor for myocardial infarction and coronary heart disease. It was also related to reduced fibrinolytic capacit...

  10. Emotieregulatie en burnout bij ziekenverzorgenden

    OpenAIRE

    Lechner, Lilian; Steinvoorte, Thea; Näring, Gérard

    2008-01-01

    This study analysed whether, amongst health care providers in a nursing homes setting, there is a relationship between, on the hand, work demands, autonomy, lack of social support and emotional labor; and on the other hand, symptoms of burnout. It also analysed whether the concept of emotional labor was an additional factor that helped explain variance in burnout over and above the concepts found in the Demand-Control-Support model. The study was based on 130 health care providers (response r...

  11. Burnout and Wellbeing: Testing the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory in New Zealand Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milfont, Taciano L.; Denny, Simon; Ameratunga, Shanthi; Robinson, Elizabeth; Merry, Sally

    2008-01-01

    The Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI) is a public domain questionnaire measuring the degree of physical and psychological fatigue experienced in three sub-dimensions of burnout: personal, work-related, and client-related burnout. This study first examines the reliability and validity of the CBI in measuring burnout in New Zealand secondary school…

  12. Níveis de colinesterase como marcador de risco de distúrbios neurológicos em agentes de endemias

    OpenAIRE

    Estelita Pereira Lima; Arthur Rafhael Amorim Alves Esmeraldo; Clarisse Estácio Trummer Leandro Costa; Renata Rocha Virgulino; Rafael Janoca Franca; Antonia Máximo de Lima

    2015-01-01

    Introdução: Alguns inseticidas utilizados em saúde pública inibem as colinesterases, levando ao acúmulo de acetilcolina nas terminações nervosas, provocando alterações no sistema nervoso central. Objetivos: Avaliar o padrão de normalidade dos níveis de colinesterase de agentes de endemias de duas Microrregionais de Saúde do Ceará. Métodos: Levantamento de dados em duas unidades do Laboratório Central de Saúde Pública (LACEN), referentes a dosagens de colinesterase de 81 agentes de endemias da...

  13. [Burnout. Can it be measured?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korczak, D; Huber, B

    2012-02-01

    Burnout is widely known as a work-related syndrome that is associated by serious individual and social consequences. The aim of the HTA report "Differential diagnostic of the burnout syndrome" published by DIMDI in 2010 was to determine how burnout can be diagnosed and distinguished from other disorders. Based on a systematic literature review of 36 databases, 852 studies published between 2004 and 2009 were identified. After considering inclusion and exclusion criteria, 25 medical and one ethical study remained. The study evidence is predominantly low. Self-assessment tools are mainly used. The analysis showed that no standardized, common valid procedure exists to obtain a burnout diagnosis. Overall the problem is to measure a phenomenon that is not exactly defined. It is primarily important to distinguish burnout from depression, alexithymia, feeling unwell, and the concept of prolonged exhaustion. Beside the need for a valid definition, further research is needed, particularly high-quality, long-term studies, to broaden the understanding of the syndrome. Furthermore, a standardized, internationally accepted and valid procedure for diagnosing burnout is necessary. PMID:22290159

  14. [General practitioner burnout: risk factors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dagrada, H; Verbanck, P; Kornreich, C

    2011-09-01

    This paper aims to review current knowledge on risk factors leading to burn-out of general practitioners, who are particularly concerned by burn-out, as 50% of them are being more or less affected. This article is based on bibliographic research covering literature between 1975 and 2010, using PUB MED software, medical books and articles. 44 articles were selected as dealing well with the aspects of the burn-out reviewed here. It seems established that stress precedes burnout symptoms. Theories investigating relationships between stress and work are presented. Exogenic stress (load and organization of work, emotional interaction with the patient, constraints, lack of recognition, conflicts between private and professional life) interacts with endogenous stress (idealism, (too much) acute feeling of responsibility, mood disorder, difficulty in collaborating, character, personality). Burn-out symptoms would appear preferentially when these two stresses coexist. Despite the wealth of publications, there is still a lack of knowledge of the causes of burn-out, requiring therefore increased research efforts, in order to improve the implementation of preventive measures, beneficial to the doctors as well as to their patients. PMID:22034773

  15. Occupational burnout among nursing personel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylwia Wieder-Huszla

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Background. Occupational stress and the related burnout syndrome is undoubtedly one of the most important challenges for public health. Objectives . The objective of the study was identifying occupational burnout among nurses. Material and methods . The questionnaire was responded by 408 professionally active male and female nurses, working in the territory of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship. In the evaluation of occupational burnout the standardized Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI was applied. Results . Mean values of the level of occupational burnout for the study group amounted to 39.3 ± 30.9 with regard to emotional exhaustion, 30.64 ± 27.89 with respect to the depersonalization subscale and 66.26 ± 27.94 – the lowered level of job satisfaction. Conclusions . 1. The studied nursing personnel showed symptoms of occupational burnout in all dimensions of the syndrome, i.e. high levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization as well as low job satisfaction. 2. Individuals with higher education scored lower on the emotional exhaustion scale. 3. Emotional exhaustion is influenced by workplace and position.

  16. Prevalence of the burnout syndrome among Brazilian medical oncologists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Glasberg

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Burnout syndrome which is prevalent among oncologists is characterized by three aspects: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and low personal accomplishment. The purpose was to evaluate prevalence of the burnout syndrome among Brazilian medical oncologists and the variables that correlate with its presence. METHODS: A survey was conducted with members of the Brazilian Society of Medical Oncology (SBOC who received three questionnaires (general, Maslach burnout questionnaire and an opinion survey mailed to all 458 members. RESULTS: Response rate was of 22.3%. According to the criteria proposed by Grunfeld, which consider burnout present when at least one of the aspects is severely abnormal, prevalence of this syndrome was 68.6% (95% confidence interval, CI: 58.68% to 77.45%. By multivariate analysis having a hobby/physical activity, a religious affiliation, older age, living with a companion and rating vacation time as sufficient were correlated significantly and independently with burnout syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: The burnout syndrome is prevalent among Brazilian oncologists. Oncologists having sufficient personal and social resources to engage in a hobby, physical activity, have enough vacation time and religious activities are at lower risk of developing burnout.INTRODUÇÃO: A Síndrome da Estafa Profissional (SEP é considerada uma doença caracterizada por três componentes básicos: exaustão emocional (EE, despersonalização (DP e reduzida realização pessoal (RP, sendo identificada em oncologistas. OBJETIVO: Analisar a prevalência da SEP entre oncologistas clínicos e possíveis fatores relacionados. MÉTODOS: Foram enviados três questionários (Questionário Geral, Questionário Maslach de Burnout e Questionário de Opinião para 458 cancerologistas cadastrados na Sociedade Brasileira de Oncologia Clínica (SBOC. RESULTADOS: A taxa de resposta foi de 20%. 43,3% dos entrevistados demonstraram nível baixo de EE, 57

  17. Risco de infecção tuberculosa em agentes comunitários de saúde Riesgo de infección tuberculosa en agentes comunitarios de salud Risk of tuberculosis infection among community health agents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago Ricardo Moreira

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estimar o risco de infecção tuberculosa em agentes comunitários de saúde envolvidos no controle da doença. MÉTODOS: Foi seguida uma coorte prospectiva, de abril de 2007 a maio de 2008, no município de Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, ES. A coorte foi composta por 61 agentes comunitários, divididos em não-expostos (n=37 e expostos (que acompanharam pacientes com tuberculose, n=24. Durante os 12 meses de seguimento, foi realizado teste tuberculínico, utilizando a tuberculina PPD RT23. Foi calculado o risco relativo e intervalo com 95% de confiança e foi avaliada a correlação entre a viragem tuberculínica e a história ocupacional dos agentes por meio do coeficiente de correlação de Pearson. RESULTADOS: A incidência da viragem foi de 41,7% no grupo dos expostos e 13,5% no grupo dos não expostos. O risco anual de infecção foi de 52,8% no grupo dos expostos e de 14,4% no grupo dos não expostos (p= 0,013. Observou-se associação entre viragem tuberculínica e exposição a paciente com tuberculose (RR= 3,08; IC 95%: 1,201;7,914. CONCLUSÕES: Os agentes que acompanharam pacientes com tuberculose em suas rotinas de serviço apresentaram risco de infecção maior que aqueles que não acompanharam pacientes com essa doença. A implementação de medidas administrativas de biossegurança de rotina, entre as quais a prova tuberculínica, devem ser priorizadas, considerando o alto risco de infecção tuberculosa entre os agentes comunitários de saúde.OBJETIVO: Estimar el riesgo de infección tuberculosa en agentes comunitarios de salud envueltos en el control de la enfermedad. MÉTODOS: Fue seguida una cohorte prospectiva, de abril de 2007 a mayo de 2008, en el municipio de Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, Sureste de Brasil. La cohorte fue compuesta por 61 agentes comunitarios, divididos en no expuestos (n=37 y expuestos (que acompañaron pacientes con tuberculosis, n=24. Durante los 12 meses de seguimiento, fue realizada prueba tubercul

  18. Research Note: Burnout and Locus of Control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glogow, Eli

    1986-01-01

    A survey of 72 personnel professionals indicated that 50 percent perceived they were experiencing burnout. Results suggest that while the organization has some responsibility for limiting employee burnout, individuals can significantly impede the problem themselves. (CH)

  19. Conscientiousness, Neuroticism and Burnout among Healthcare Employees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syed Mohammad Azeem

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the relationship among conscientiousness, neuroticism and burnout in healthcare staff of private hospitals. Moreover, the study also examines the influence of conscientiousness and neuroticism on burnout of the respondents. 120 respondents were contacted in 8 private hospitals for data collection but only 90 of them completed the survey. Maslach’s burnout inventory (MBI and Big-Five Inventory were used as measuring instruments. Results reveal that conscientiousness was negatively and significantly related to dimensions of burnout. Neuroticism was found to be positively and significantly related to dimensions of burnout. Multiple regression analysis was used to see which among the independent variable predicts burnout in the sample. Results show that conscientiousness significantly predicts all the dimensions of burnout and neuroticism significantly predicts only emotional exhaustion and reduced personal accomplishment dimensions of burnout.

  20. Nurse Burnout: What Can We Learn?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavandero, Ramon

    1981-01-01

    Burnout is a problem among nurses and other helping professionals. Reports reviewed here will help nursing administrators recognize signs of burnout among their staff. The author cites the need for research and makes suggestions to alleviate the problem. (JOW)

  1. Burnout en estudiantes universitarios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Cecilia Caballero D.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Con la finalidad de proporcionar una mayor comprensión y caracterización de la naturaleza del burnout académico en estudiantes universitarios, se realiza una revisión del concepto, su evolución y extrapolación del contexto laboral al académico universitario, y se propone su delimitación y relación con condiciones clínicas comórbidas como depresión y ansiedad. Adicionalmente, se revisa la investigación empírica que establece relaciones del síndrome con el engagement académico, factores de riesgo y de protección, y sus consecuencias en la salud mental y en el desempeño académico de los estudiantes universitarios.

  2. Burnout en estudiantes universitarios

    OpenAIRE

    Carmen Cecilia Caballero D.; Édgar Breso; Orlando González Gutiérrez

    2015-01-01

    Con la finalidad de proporcionar una mayor comprensión y caracterización de la naturaleza del burnout académico en estudiantes universitarios, se realiza una revisión del concepto, su evolución y extrapolación del contexto laboral al académico universitario, y se propone su delimitación y relación con condiciones clínicas comórbidas como depresión y ansiedad. Adicionalmente, se revisa la investigación empírica que establece relaciones del síndrome con el engagement académico, factores de ries...

  3. Pericardite em suínos ao abate no Rio Grande Sul: avaliação de agentes bacterianos e lesões associadas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolini F. Coelho

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do presente estudo foi identificar a frequência de lesões macroscópicas e microscópicas e dos agentes bacterianos envolvidos em pericardites em suínos no abate no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. As amostras foram coletadas em frigoríficos de suínos com Serviço de Inspeção Federal (SIF entre fevereiro a outubro de 2010 e a condenação por pericardite dos animais acompanhados foi de 3,9% (299/7.571. No total foram investigados 91 casos de pericardites, 89% deles foram classificados como crônicos por histopatologia e pleurite crônica foi observada em 47% dos pulmões correspondentes, todavia não houve associação significativa entre as duas lesões. Os agentes bacterianos isolados a partir dos corações foram Streptococcus spp., Pasteurella multocida, Haemophilus parasuis e Streptococcus suis. DNA bacterianos mais detectados pela PCR foram de Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae e Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae. Houve associação significativa entre isolamento de P. multocida e Streptococcus sp. nos corações e pulmões correspondentes. Esses resultados sugerem que a infecção no pulmão possa ter servido de porta de entrada para a colonização do pericárdio adjacente. Apesar de M. hyopneumoniae ter sido o agente detectado com maior frequência pela PCR em corações e pulmões correspondentes, não houve associação significativa da detecção dos agentes nos órgãos. Isto sugere que as infecções foram eventos independentes. Os demais agentes investigados não apresentaram associação significativa entre isolamento ou detecção de DNA em coração e pulmão correspondente. Outro achado importante foi a presença de coinfecções bacterianas em 2% dos corações e por PCR foi detectado DNA bacteriano de dois ou mais agentes em 16,5% dos corações. Esses resultados sugerem que as coinfecções em pericardites precisam ser melhor estudadas.

  4. Causes to Create Job Burnout in Organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Malikeh Beheshtifar; Ali Reza Omidvar

    2013-01-01

    Burnout is an unpleasant and dysfunctional condition that both individuals and organizations would like to change. Job burnout is a consequence of the perceived disparity between the demands of the job and the resources (both material and emotional) that an employee has available to him or her. The factors influential on burnout have been indicated in many studies over the years. Burnout has many negative effects on organization as well as on individual. Cynicism, job dissatisfaction, low org...

  5. Performance and burnout in intensive care units

    OpenAIRE

    Keijsers, G.J.; Schaufeli, W.B.; LeBlanc, P; Zwerts, C.; Miranda, D.R.

    1995-01-01

    The relationship between three different performance measures and burnout was explored in 20 Dutch Intensive Care Units (ICUs). Burnout (i.e. emotional exhaustion and depersonalization) proved to be significantly related to nurses' perceptions of performance as well as to objectively assessed unit performance. Subjective performance measures relate negatively to burnout levels of nurses, whereas an objective performance measure relates positively to burnout. Furthermore, subjectively assessed...

  6. Burnout Syndrome of Leisure Time Activities Specialist.

    OpenAIRE

    REBROVÁ, Iveta

    2012-01-01

    This thesis is dealing with burnout syndrome among leisure time specialists. Theoretical part describes burnout syndrome, its historical basis, symptoms and causes, protective factors and preventive techniques, which prevent from burnout syndrome risk. Next part deals with common stress, its causes and symptoms, and psychosocial stress, which is closely related with burnout syndrome. Ending of the theoretical part is focused on understanding the differences between jobs of common teacher and ...

  7. Teachers` and medics{\\crq} burnout syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    VOPELKOVÁ, Kateřina

    2010-01-01

    The bachelor thesis offers an overview of information related to problems of stress and burnout syndrome. I deal mainly with causes, symptoms, risk factors, prevention and getting stress and burnout syndrome under control. The aim of my bachelor thesis is to find out symptoms of burnout syndrome at teachers and health service employees. I supposed different manifestations of the burnout syndrome due to different demands put on these people in their professions. Another aim was to establish th...

  8. Predictors of Burnout Among Nurses in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Huan-Fang; Yen, Miaofen; Fetzer, Susan; Chien, Tsair Wei

    2015-08-01

    Nurse burnout is a crucial issue for health care professionals and impacts nurse turnover and nursing shortages. Individual and situational factors are related to nurse burnout with predictors of burnout differing among cultures and health care systems. The predictors of nurse burnout in Asia, particularly Taiwan, are unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the predictors of burnout among a national sample of nurses in Taiwan. A secondary data analysis of a nationwide database investigated the predictors of burnout among 1,846 nurses in Taiwan. Hierarchical regression analysis determined the relationship between predictors and burnout. Predictors of Taiwanese nurse burnout were age, physical/psychological symptoms, job satisfaction, work engagement, and work environment. The most significant predictors were physical/psychological symptoms and work engagement. The variables explained 35, 39, and 18 % of the emotional exhaustion, personal accomplishment, and depersonalization variance for 54 % of the total variance of burnout. Individual characteristics and nurse self-awareness, especially work, engagement can impact Taiwanese nurses' burnout. Nurse burnout predictors provide administrators with information to develop strategies including education programs and support services to reduce nurse burnout. PMID:25536942

  9. Burnout and Depression: Two Entities or One?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schonfeld, Irvin Sam; Bianchi, Renzo

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the overlap in burnout and depression. Method: The sample comprised 1,386 schoolteachers (mean [M][subscript age] = 43; M[subscript years taught] = 15; 77% women) from 18 different U.S. states. We assessed burnout, using the Shirom-Melamed Burnout Measure, and depression, using the depression…

  10. Burnout and Personality: Evidence from Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghorpade, Jai; Lackritz, Jim; Singh, Gangaram

    2007-01-01

    Using multiple theoretical perspectives (stress, conservation of resources, and deviance), we investigated the relationship between burnout and personality. Burnout is measured with the Maslach Burnout Inventory (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishments), and personality is captured with the Mini-Marker Inventory…

  11. Teacher Burnout: Causes, Cures and Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bousquet, Sarah

    2012-01-01

    In a review of the literature, this study defines teacher burnout, explains the physiological and environmental causes of teacher burnout, and provides suggestions regarding how educators can prevent and recover from teacher burnout. The essay addresses the uniquely stressful experience of teaching and the psychological effects of the profession.

  12. The Burnout Syndrome: Caring for Yourself.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muldoon, John F.

    1980-01-01

    The author explores the problem of burnout among staff in human services fields. Three causes of burnout are cited: environmental factors, cultural predispositions, and personal characteristics. Burnout, the author asserts, can be prevented through self-reflection, care of the body, learning to relax, and working on aspects of the work environment…

  13. In vitro evaluation of verapamil and other modulating agents in Brazilian chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum isolates Avaliação in vitro do verapamil e de outros agentes moduladores em isolados de Plasmodium falciparum resistentes à cloroquina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla M.S. Menezes

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Verapamil, was assayed to record its modulating effect upon Brazilian Plasmodium falciparum isolates resistant to chloroquine. Other cardiovascular drugs known to be modulating agents in resistant malaria and/or multidrug-resistant neoplasias, including nifedipine, nitrendipine, diltiazem and propranolol, were also evaluated. Concentrations similar to those for cardiovascular therapy were used in the in vitro microtechnique for antimalarial drug susceptibility. Intrinsic antiplasmodial activity was observed from the lowest concentrations without a significant modulating action. Other reported modulating agents, such as the antipsychotic drug trifluoperazine and the antidepressants desipramine and imipramine, demonstrated similar responses under the same experimental conditions. Results suggest a much higher susceptibility of Brazilian strains, as well as an indifferent behaviour in relation to modulating agents.Verapamil foi ensaiado quanto ao efeito modulador em isolados brasileiros de Plasmodium falciparum resistentes à cloroquina. Outros agentes cardiovasculares, considerados como moduladores da resistência em malária e/ou em neoplasias multiresistentes a fármacos, como nifedipino, nitrendipino, diltiazem e propranolol foram ensaiados quanto ao mesmo efeito. Concentrações semelhantes às da terapia cardiovascular foram empregadas no ensaio de microtécnica de sensibilidade para fármacos antimaláricos. Atividade antiplasmódica intrínsica foi observada desde as menores concentrações, sem, entretanto, ocorrência de modulação significativa da resistência. Sob as mesmas condições experimentais, respostas semelhantes foram observadas para outros agentes moduladores conhecidos como o antipsicótico trifluoperazina e os antidepressivos desipramina e imipramina. Em conjunto, estes resultados sugerem alta sensibilidade e comportamento indiferente de cepas brasileiras ao efeito de agentes moduladores da resistência.

  14. Agentes de apoio à argumentação e decisão em grupo

    OpenAIRE

    Marreiros, Goreti

    2008-01-01

    Tese de Doutoramento Ramo de Informática - Área de Inteligência Artificial A tomada de decisão é um processo cognitivo que conduz à selecção de um plano de acção, de entre vários; trata-se do resultado de uma construção psicológica que varia em função do indivíduo ou indivíduos. No contexto organizacional, ocorre por vezes uma profusão de problemas de decisão. Facto que pode estar relacionado com disfunções da própria organização, como, por exemplo, downsizing, restrições ...

  15. Burnout: Treatment and Prevention Strategies for College Student Affairs Professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keener, Roger

    1990-01-01

    Presents possible prevention and treatment strategies for combating burnout among college student affairs professionals. Includes definition of burnout, review of symptoms of burnout, discussion of causes of burnout, and suggestions for treatment and prevention of burnout. Interventions discussed include personal counseling, using stress…

  16. Burnout syndrom among teachers of secondary stage elementary schools

    OpenAIRE

    LIBECAJTOVÁ, Jitka

    2008-01-01

    The bachleors labour is focused on the problem burnout syndrom among teachers of sekond stage elementary schools. Teoretical part is devoted to history burnout, definition, etiologies, course, diagnostic, prevention and therapy. In the practical part I attempted describe of occurence burnout syndrom aminy teachers og sekond stage elementary schools. I used tests the burnout measure, inventory syndrom burnout.

  17. Burnout-depression overlap: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bianchi, Renzo; Schonfeld, Irvin Sam; Laurent, Eric

    2015-03-01

    Whether burnout is a form of depression or a distinct phenomenon is an object of controversy. The aim of the present article was to provide an up-to-date review of the literature dedicated to the question of burnout-depression overlap. A systematic literature search was carried out in PubMed, PsycINFO, and IngentaConnect. A total of 92 studies were identified as informing the issue of burnout-depression overlap. The current state of the art suggests that the distinction between burnout and depression is conceptually fragile. It is notably unclear how the state of burnout (i.e., the end stage of the burnout process) is conceived to differ from clinical depression. Empirically, evidence for the distinctiveness of the burnout phenomenon has been inconsistent, with the most recent studies casting doubt on that distinctiveness. The absence of consensual diagnostic criteria for burnout and burnout research's insufficient consideration of the heterogeneity of depressive disorders constitute major obstacles to the resolution of the raised issue. In conclusion, the epistemic status of the seminal, field-dominating definition of burnout is questioned. It is suggested that systematic clinical observation should be given a central place in future research on burnout-depression overlap. PMID:25638755

  18. Burnout and Doctors: Prevalence, Prevention and Intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Shailesh

    2016-01-01

    Doctors are exposed to high levels of stress in the course of their profession and are particularly susceptible to experiencing burnout. Burnout has far-reaching implications on doctors; patients and the healthcare system. Doctors experiencing burnout are reported to be at a higher risk of making poor decisions; display hostile attitude toward patients; make more medical errors; and have difficult relationships with co-workers. Burnout among doctors also increases risk of depression; anxiety; sleep disturbances; fatigue; alcohol and drug misuse; marital dysfunction; premature retirement and perhaps most seriously suicide. Sources of stress in medical practice may range from the emotions arising in the context of patient care to the environment in which doctors practice. The extent of burnout may vary depending on the practice setting; speciality and changing work environment. Understanding dynamic risk factors associated with burnout may help us develop strategies for preventing and treating burnout. Some of these strategies will be reviewed in this paper. PMID:27417625

  19. Burnout and Doctors: Prevalence, Prevention and Intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shailesh Kumar

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Doctors are exposed to high levels of stress in the course of their profession and are particularly susceptible to experiencing burnout. Burnout has far-reaching implications on doctors; patients and the healthcare system. Doctors experiencing burnout are reported to be at a higher risk of making poor decisions; display hostile attitude toward patients; make more medical errors; and have difficult relationships with co-workers. Burnout among doctors also increases risk of depression; anxiety; sleep disturbances; fatigue; alcohol and drug misuse; marital dysfunction; premature retirement and perhaps most seriously suicide. Sources of stress in medical practice may range from the emotions arising in the context of patient care to the environment in which doctors practice. The extent of burnout may vary depending on the practice setting; speciality and changing work environment. Understanding dynamic risk factors associated with burnout may help us develop strategies for preventing and treating burnout. Some of these strategies will be reviewed in this paper.

  20. [Burnout syndrome: diagnosis, principles of treatment, prophylaxis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ovchinnikov, Yu V; Palchenkova, M V; Kalachev, O V

    2015-07-01

    Burnout syndrome is a socio-psychological phenomenon of emotional, motivational, and physical exhaustion as a result of chronic occupational stress. It is manifested as long-term emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and diminished personal and professional achievements. Burnout syndrome is common among health care workers, 'due to their high dedication, empathy for suffering patients, and decision-making related to life and health of patients. Personal, role and organizational factors influence on development of burnout. The clinical picture of burnout is multifactorial and can be described as a set of psychosomatic and somatic disorders, symptoms of social dysfunction. Diversity and non-specific symptoms of burnout syndrome determine the need for an interdisciplinary approach to its diagnosis. The leading role in solving problems related to stress and emotional burnout plays psychotherapy. The paper presents diagnostic criteria, risk factors, and methods of prevention and treatment of emotional burnout. PMID:26821457

  1. Therapy of the burnout syndrome [Therapie des Burnout-Syndroms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Korczak, Dieter

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available [english] The prevalence, diagnostics and therapy of the burnout syndrome are increasingly discussed in the public. The unclear definition and diagnics of the burnout syndrome are scientifically criticized. There are several therapies with unclear evidence for the treatment of burnout in existence.The health technology assessment (HTA report deals with the question of usage and efficacy of different burnout therapies.For the years 2006 to 2011, a systematic literature research was done in 31 electronic databases (e.g. EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO. Important inclusion criteria are burnout, therapeutic intervention and treatment outcome.17 studies meet the inclusion criteria and are regarded for the HTA report. The studies are very heterogeneous (sample size, type of intervention, measuring method, level of evidence. Due to their study design (e.g. four reviews, eight randomized controlled trials the studies have a comparable high evidence: three times 1A, five times 1B, one time 2A, two times 2B and six times 4. 13 of the 17 studies are dealing with the efficacy of psychotherapy and psychosocial interventions for the reduction of burnout (partly in combination with other techniques. Cognitive behaviour therapy leads to the improvement of emotional exhaustion in the majority of the studies. The evidence is inconsistent for the efficacy of stress management and music therapy. Two studies regarding the efficacy of Qigong therapy do not deliver a distinct result. One study proves the efficacy of roots of Rhodiola rosea (evidence level 1B. Physical therapy is only in one study separately examined and does not show a better result than standard therapy.Despite the number of studies with high evidence the results for the efficacy of burnout therapies are preliminary and do have only limited reach. The authors of the studies complain about the low number of skilled studies for the therapy of burnout. Furthermore, they point to the insufficient evaluation of

  2. The application of Reiki in nurses diagnosed with Burnout Syndrome has beneficial effects on concentration of salivary IgA and blood pressure Una sesión de Reiki en enfermeras diagnosticadas con síndrome de Burnout tiene efectos beneficiosos sobre la concentración de IgA salival y la presión arterial Uma sessão de Reiki em enfermeiras diagnosticadas com síndrome de Burnout tem efeitos benéficos sobre a concentração de IgA salivar e a pressão arterial

    OpenAIRE

    Lourdes Díaz-Rodríguez; Manuel Arroyo-Morales; Irene Cantarero-Villanueva; Carolina Férnandez-Lao; Marie Polley; César Fernández-de-las-Peñas

    2011-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the immediate effects of the secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA), α-amylase activity and blood pressure levels after the application of a Reiki session in nurses with Burnout Syndrome. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover design was conducted to compare the immediate effects of Reiki versus control intervention (Hand-off sham intervention) in nurses with Burnout Syndrome. Sample was composed of eighteen nurses (aged 34-56 years) with bur...

  3. Rehabilitation for patients with burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Stenlund, Therese

    2009-01-01

    Stress-related diseases and burnout have increased in Sweden during the last decades. In 2006, the most common diagnoses for new cases of sickness compensation were mental and behavioural disorders in both women and men. In spite of the large group of people seeking care for and on long-term sickness absence due to stress-related diseases and burnout, there is no agreement on which treatment they should be offered. The overall aim of this thesis was to describe patients on longterm sick leave...

  4. Prevalencia del "síndrome de quemarse por el trabajo" (burnout en pediatras de hospitales generales Burnout prevalence in pediatricians of general hospitals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro R Gil-Monte

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analizar la prevalencia del síndrome de quemarse por el trabajo (burnout en pediatras de hospitales generales siguiendo criterios de diferentes países. MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal, no aleatorio, realizado en Buenos Aires, Argentina, en 2006. La muestra la formaron 123 pediatras que trabajaban en Servicios de Pediatría de hospitales generales, 89 fueron mujeres (72,4% y 34 hombres (27,6%. Los datos fueron recogidos mediante un cuestionario anónimo y autoadministrado. El SQT fue diagnosticado utilizando el Maslach Burnout Inventory, con diferentes criterios para establecer su prevalencia. RESULTADOS: La prevalencia del SQT, varió en función del criterio utilizado: siguiendo los puntos de corte del manual de Estados Unidos, la prevalencia fue del 10,6% de 24,4 % siguiendo los criterios de España, 37,4% siguiendo los criterios de Argentina y considerando los criterios clínicos establecidos en Holanda, el porcentaje fue del 3,2%. CONCLUSIONES: Los niveles de prevalencia variaron significativamente en función de los criterios aplicados debido a influencias transculturales.OBJETIVO: Analisar a prevalência da síndrome do esgotamento profissional (burnout em pediatras de hospitais gerais segundo critérios de diversos países. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal, não aleatório, realizado em Buenos Aires, Argentina, em 2006. A amostra foi formada por 123 pediatras que trabalhavam em serviços de pediatria de hospitais gerais, sendo 89 mulheres (72,4% e 34 homens (27,6%. As informações foram coletadas com questionário anônimo e auto-administrado. A síndrome do esgotamento profissional foi diagnosticada utilizando o Maslach Burnout Inventory, com diferentes critérios para estabelecer sua prevalência. RESULTADOS: A prevalência da síndrome do esgotamento profissional variou em função do critério utilizado: seguindo os pontos de corte do manual dos Estados Unidos, a prevalência foi de 10,6%, de 24,4% segundo critérios na Espanha

  5. Burnout nos enfermeiros da Unidade de Desabituação de Coimbra

    OpenAIRE

    Correia, Vasco Manuel Cunha; Cruz, Carla Maria Viegas Melo, orient.

    2012-01-01

    As profissões que implicam a prestação de cuidados a pessoas em situação de fragilidade física e emocional, exigem um investimento emocional elevado por parte dos profissionais. Este fato faz com que o burnout seja alvo de destaque nas profissões que implicam o estabelecimento da Relação de Ajuda, sendo um importante indicador da saúde mental dos profissionais. Na enfermagem o burnout pode surgir como consequência da relação enfermeiro/utente. Neste sentido, foi nosso objetivo avaliar os níve...

  6. Gênero e trabalho em Saúde: um olhar crítico sobre o trabalho de agentes comunitárias/os de Saúde

    OpenAIRE

    Regina Helena Simões Barbosa; Clarissa Alves Fernandes de Menezes; Helena Maria Scherlowski Leal David; Vera Joana Bornstein

    2012-01-01

    Apresentam-se resultados de uma pesquisa interdisciplinar sobre o trabalho da/o agente comunitária/o de Saúde (ACS). Adotou-se uma abordagem crítica de gênero para se compreenderem os entrelaçamentos entre socialização de gênero e qualificação profissional em uma modalidade de trabalho precarizado, que se apropria da força de trabalho de mulheres pobres em países periféricos. Buscou-se captar, entre as ACS, tanto as vantagens relativas deste trabalho, que permite conciliar tarefas produtivas ...

  7. Mutagenic Effects of Some Chemical Agents in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L. em Thell)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Water soaked wheat cv. NW 1014 seeds were treated with aqueous solutions (1 per cent) of 6 chemicals, namely, acid slurry, sodium carbonate, tri-sodium phosphate, sodium tri-polyphosphate, carboxy methylcellulose and sodium sulphate for 22h. Out of these chemicals, tri-sodium phosphate and carboxy methylcellulose recorded the highest mutation frequency (1.15 per cent), followed by sodium sulphate (1.00 per cent), sodium carbonate (0.85 per cent), sodium tri-poly phosphate (0.65 per cent) and acid slurry (0.0 per cent) in the M2 generation. The highest number of mutants was observed for late heading (47), followed by dwarf stature (36), white spike (7) and high tillering (6) in the M2 generation. On the basis of the number of high yielding mutants (M5), the mutagenic efficiency of sodium carbonate may be placed at the top rank, followed by sodium sulphate, tri-sodium phosphate, sodium tri-poly phosphate and carboxy methyl cellulose. One type of macro mutant (white spiked) was induced by tri-sodium phosphate whereas sodium carbonate generated 3 types of macro-mutants (large flag leaf, club shape spike and small grain ). The studies reveal that all the chemicals, except acid slurry, may be used as mutagenic agents in wheat. (author)

  8. Burnout: From a Librarian's Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watstein, Sarah Barbara

    Intended to focus attention on librarians' needs regarding coping with mental and physical occupational stress, this report summarizes the activities of a workshop on the concerns of librarian instructors held in the fall of 1979 by the California Clearinghouse on Library Instruction (CCLI); discusses the various definitions of burnout; and…

  9. Burnout / Mart Jürisoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürisoo, Mart, 1950-2014

    2004-01-01

    Rootsi eestlase Mart Jürisoo peagi eestikeelsena ilmuva raamatu "Burnout - miks juhid läbi põlevad?" põhjal kokkuvõtlikult läbipõlemisest, ühiskondlikest nähtustest, mis sellele kaasa aitavad ning sellest hoidumise võimalustest

  10. Trainer Burnout: The Syndrome Explored.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waugh, C. Keith; Judd, Michael R.

    2003-01-01

    The educators' version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory was completed by 40 of 156 in-house trainers. More than one-third experience emotional exhaustion weekly, and almost half feel a lack of personal accomplishment. Subscales of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment correlated with perceptions of organizations'…

  11. GENDER AND STUDENT BURNOUT SYNDROME

    OpenAIRE

    Cecilia López-Pozos

    2014-01-01

    This article is about the influence of postmodernism on development of the burnout syndrome academic, manifested in various symptomatologies involved in the academic performance of the female gender. Research is quantitative and the results give us guideline to prevent the discomforts and school failure.

  12. Coal type and burnout performance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lester, E.; Cloke, M. [University of Nottingham, Nottingham (United Kingdom). School of Chemical, Environmental and Mining Engineering

    1999-07-01

    A variety of coals underwent refire tests in a drop tube furnace. Characteristics of the coal fractions, the pyrolysed char fractions and the refired char fractions were compared to determine links between coal composition, intermediate char products and burnout. 9 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  13. Ações educativas em um Programa de Agentes Comunitários de Saúde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Fidali Bonfim

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve por objetivo identificar e analisar as ações educativas realizadas por um Programa de Agentes Comunitários de Saúde de uma cidade do interior do estado de São Paulo, considerando as concepções pedagógicas e os aspectos intervenientes que aproximam e afastam a equipe da mudança de prática pretendida pelo programa. É uma pesquisa de abordagem qualitativa do tipo estudo de caso. Foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas com análise de conteúdo, modalidade temática. O estudo evidenciou que a concepção pedagógica predominante é a da transmissão de informações voltada para prevenção de doenças, embora existam algumas ações próximas da pedagogia participativa. A organização do trabalho e o vínculo com a população também interferem no trabalho educativo. Conclui-se que as ações educativas ainda são alicerçadas no preventivismo com desafios para promoção da saúde e carecem de investimentos em formação e na organização da rede assistencial.

  14. DEGREE OF BURNOUT AMONG EMERGENCY HEALTHCARE WORKERS AND FACTORS INFLUENCING LEVEL OF BURNOUT: A STUDY PROTOCOL

    OpenAIRE

    Shyamanta; Sashibha; Navoneela; Marami; Bornali; Sakhee; Anjana; Dipesh

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND Burnout is a feeling of failure and exhaustion. It is felt both at the physical and emotional level. Depletion of the person’s resources is a consequence and also has an impact on the organisation. Nature of the work itself makes emergency healthcare workers vulnerable to burnout. METHOD This study is designed to measure the degree of burnout among emergency healthcare workers in a hospital and to identify the factors that influence burnout. The study h...

  15. Burnout Questionnaire for Housewives (CUBAC): Assessment of its Psychometrical Properties and the Sequential Model of Burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Mónica Teresa González Ramírez; René Landero Hernández; José Moral de la Rubia

    2009-01-01

    The researches about burnout have been extended to different populations;nevertheless, we did not find an instrument to measure burnout in housewives.Thus, the aim of this paper was to evaluate psychometric properties ofBurnout questionnaire to housewives (CUBAC), designed by authors takingin consideration the Short questionnaire of burnout and also to evaluategoodness of fit of theoretical model behind questionnaires. Results about200 housewives showed an adequate reliability, evidence of va...

  16. Teachers’ Burnout: Indicators of Burnout and Investigation of the Indicators in terms of Different Variables

    OpenAIRE

    Seferoğlu, Süleyman Sadi; Hacettepe Üniversitesi, Eğitim Fakültesi, Bilgisayar ve Öğretim Teknolojileri Eğitimi Bölümü; Yıldız, Hatice; Gazi Üniversitesi, Eğitim Fakültesi, Bilgisayar ve Öğretim Teknolojileri Eğitimi Bölümü; Avcı Yücel, Ümmühan; Başkent Üniversitesi, Eğitim Fakültesi, Bilgisayar ve Öğretim Teknolojileri Eğitimi Bölümü

    2014-01-01

    Burnout is characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment. Since teaching profession is excessively demanding, requires effective communication, and leads one to suffer from emotional burnout, it is acknowledged as one of the professions with a great likelihood of burnout.The purpose of the present study was to analyze teacher burnout in reference to certain variables. Relational model was used in this study. A total of 163 teachers from various ...

  17. Prevalence of Burnout Syndrome in Patients Admitted with Acute Coronary Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cláudia Giaxa Prosdócimo

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Burnout Syndrome is the extreme emotional response to chronic occupational stress, manifesting as physical and mental exhaustion. Although associated with higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, no study so far has evaluated whether the Burnout Syndrome could be a prevalent factor in non-elderly individuals active in the labor market, admitted for acute coronary syndrome (ACS. Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of the Burnout Syndrome in non-elderly, economically active patients, hospitalized with ACS. Methods: Cross-sectional study conducted in a tertiary and private cardiology center, with economically active patients aged <65 years, hospitalized with diagnosis of ACS. The Burnout Syndrome was evaluated with the Burnout Syndrome Inventory (BSI, which assesses workplace conditions and four dimensions that characterize the syndrome: emotional exhaustion (EE, emotional distancing (EmD, dehumanization (De and professional fulfillment (PF. The Lipp’s Stress Symptoms Inventory for Adults (LSSI was applied to evaluate global stress. Results: Of 830 patients evaluated with suspected ACS, 170 met the study criteria, 90% of which were men, overall average age was 52 years, and 40.5% had an average income above 11 minimum wages. The prevalence of the Burnout Syndrome was 4.1%. When we evaluated each dimension individually, we found high EE in 34.7%, high De in 52.4%, high EDi in 30.6%, and low PF in 5.9%. The overall prevalence of stress was 87.5%. Conclusion: We found a low prevalence of Burnout Syndrome in an economically active, non-elderly population among patients admitted for ACS in a tertiary and private hospital.

  18. O fonoaudiólogo adoece: síndrome de burnout e fonoaudiologia hospitalar ? uma revisão

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catarina Brito da Nóbrega

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available A Síndrome de Burnout é um transtorno adaptativo crônico que acomete uma gama variada de profissionais, principalmente os da área da saúde, como os fonoaudiólogos. Caracteriza-se, entre outros aspectos, por cansaço emocional, despersonalização e baixa realização pessoal. Esse estudo objetivou verificar, na literatura científica, a ocorrência da Síndrome de Burnout em fonoaudiólogos que atuam no âmbito hospitalar. Os recursos metodológicos utilizados foram artigos nacionais e internacionais dos últimos 10 anos, levantados nas bases de dados eletrônicos indexadas, com as seguintes palavras chave: Fonoaudiologia e Burnout; esgotamento profissional e unidades hospitalares. Foram identificados apenas artigos sobre a Síndrome de Burnout e profissionais da saúde e notou-se que há uma escassez de informações sobre a relação Síndrome de Burnout e Fonoaudiologia. Essa insuficiência de produções técnicas relacionadas ao tema em pauta é ainda maior quando é direcionada aos fonoaudiólogos que atuam em hospitais.

  19. How to Measure Coach Burnout: An Evaluation of Three Burnout Measures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundkvist, Erik; Stenling, Andreas; Gustafsson, Henrik; Hassmén, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Although coach burnout has been studied for 30 years, what measure to use in this context has not yet been problematized. This study focuses on evaluating convergent and discriminant validity of three coach burnout measures by using multi-trait/multi-method analysis (CT-C[M-1]) model. We choose Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), the two dimensional…

  20. How to conduct research on burnout: Advantages and disadvantages of a unidimensional approach in burnout research.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brenninkmeijer, V.; Van Yperen, N.W.

    2003-01-01

    When conducting research on burnout, it may be difficult to decide whether one should report results separately for each burnout dimension or whether one should combine the dimensions. Although the multidimensionality of the burnout concept is widely acknowledged, for research purposes it is sometim

  1. Development of Adrenal Burnout Syndrom Questionnaire and testing the basis of reciprocal burnout model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreja Pšeničny

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the new Adrenal Burnout Syndrome Questionnaire (ABS Questionnaire. The questionnaire is based on the Reciprocal Burnout Model, combining the existing academic findings with the research efforts of the Inštitut za razvoj človeških virov (Institute for Human Resources Development, Ljubljana. The questionnaire distinguishes among separate stages of burnout and correlates them with their characteristic symptoms. The survey has been conducted on 225 participants, employing the ABS Questionnary and the Questionnaire on the Basic Needs Fulfilment. The objectives of the survey were: (i to investigate the burnout level in different demographic groups; (ii to examine the presence of the symptoms of both increased and decreased cortisol levels in different burnout classes; (iii to explore whether personal values, personality traits and the self-concept change in the period of the adrenal burnout following the break of the HPA axis, and (iv to examine whether the burnout is related to the fulfilment of basic needs. The results indicated that the burnout syndrome may affect all demographic groups (including the unemployed equally. In the last stage (the adrenal burnout after the break of the HPA axis the change in values and personality may occur. Various facets of self-concept change during the burnout. Strong inverted correlation between the level of burnout and the rating of the level of the needs satisfaction is in accordance with the key assumption of the Reciprocal Model of Burnout.

  2. Aerobic bacteria, Chlamydia trachomatis, Pneumocystis carinii and Cytomegalovirus as agents of severe peneumonia in small infants Bactérias aeróbias, Chlamydia trachomatis, Pneumocystis carinii e Cytomegalovirus: agentes causadores de pneumonia grave em pequenos lactentes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo Ejzenberg

    1996-02-01

    Full Text Available The authors studied 58 infants hospitalized for pneumonia in a semi-intensive care unit. Age ranged from 1 complete to 6 incomplete months. The infants were sent from another hospital in 20 cases and from home in a further 38. Pulmonary involvement, which was alveolar in 46 cases and interstitial in 12, was bilateral in 31 children. The investigation was carried out prospectively on the etiological agents associated with respiratory infection to look for evidence of aerobic bacteria (blood cultures, Chlamydia trachomatis and Cytomegalovirus (serology, and Pneumocystis carinii (direct microscopy of tracheal aspirated material. The following infectious agents were diagnosed in 21 children (36.2%: Aerobic bacteria (8, Chlamydia trachomatis (5, Pneumocystis carinii (3, Cytomegalovirus (3, Cytomegalovirus and Chlamydia trachomatis (1, Aerobic bacteria and Cytomegalovirus (1. Seven cases of infection by Chlamydia trachomatis and/or Cytomegalovirus were diagnosed out of the 12 cases with pulmonary interstitial involvement.Os autores estudaram prospectivamente 58 lactentes internados por pneumonia em unidade semi-intensiva. A idade foi limitada entre 1 mês completo e 6 meses incompletos. A procedência das crianças foi de outro hospital em 20 casos e domiciliar em 38. O acometimento pulmonar era alveolar em 46 casos, intersticial em 12 e bilateral em 31 crianças. Foram pesquisados agentes etiológicos associados à infecção respiratória dos lactentes jovens: Bactérias aeróbias (Hemoculturas, Chlamydia trachomatis e Cytomegalovirus (sorologia, e Pneumocystis carinii (microscopia direta do aspirado traqueal. Foram diagnosticadas infecções em 21 crianças (36,2%: Bactérias aeróbias (8, Chlamydia trachomatis (5, Cytomegalovirus (3, Pneumocystis carinii (3, Cytomegalovirus e Chlamydia trachomatis (1, Bactéria aeróbia e Cytomegalovirus (1. Foram diagnosticadas 7 infecções por Chlamydia trachomatis e/ou Cytomegalovirus entre as 12 crianças com

  3. Differential diagnostic of the burnout syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kister, Christine

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: There is no consistent definition of burnout. It is neither a defined diagnosis in ICD-10 nor in DSM-IV. Yet it is diagnosed by office-based doctors and clinicians. Mainly due to reimbursement reasons, diagnoses like depression are used instead of burnout diagnoses. Therefore burnout has a very high individual, social and economic impact. Objectives: How is burnout diagnosed? Which criteria are relevant? How valid and reliable are the used tools? What kind of disorders in case of burnout are relevant for a differential diagnosis? What is the economic effect of a differential diagnosis for burnout? Are there any negative effects of persons with burnout on patients or clients? Can stigmatization of burnout-patients or -clients be observed? Methods: Based on a systematic literature research in 36 databases, studies in English or German language, published since 2004, concerning medical and differential diagnoses, economic impact and ethical aspects of burnout, are included and evaluated. Results: 852 studies are identified. After considering the inclusion and exclusion criteria and after reviewing the full texts, 25 medical and one ethical study are included. No economic study met the criteria.The key result of this report is that so far no standardized, general and international valid procedure exists to obtain a burnout diagnosis. At present, it is up to the physician’s discretion to diagnose burnout. The overall problem is to measure a phenomenon that is not exactly defined. The current available burnout measurements capture a three dimensional burnout construct. But the cutoff points do not conform to the standards of scientifically valid test construction. It is important to distinguish burnout from depression, alexithymia, feeling unwell and the concept of prolonged exhaustion. An intermittent relation of the constructs is possible. Furthermore, burnout goes along with various ailments like sleep disturbance. Through a

  4. Burnout syndrome: a disease of modern societies?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, A; Jaekel-Reinhard, A

    2000-09-01

    In the light of social change and a transformation in the work situation, interest in the problem of burnout has grown over the past decade. There is a conspicuous discrepancy, however, between what is regarded as certain knowledge and what is published opinion. To date, there is no generally accepted definition of burnout, or binding diagnostic criteria. According to the most common description at present, burnout syndrome is characterized by exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced satisfaction in performance. Because of its aetiopathogenesis, burnout is today mainly regarded as the result of chronic stress which has not been successfully dealt with. This paper gives an overview of the current definition for burnout syndrome and states possible contemporary hypotheses for its aetiology. By examining diagnostic criteria and possible therapies, methods of prevention are discussed. There is an urgent need for further investigations to determine whether burnout syndrome is a work-related disease. PMID:11198677

  5. Behaviour and burnout in medical students

    OpenAIRE

    Cecil, Jo; McHale, Calum; Hart, Jo; Laidlaw, Anita

    2014-01-01

    Background: Burnout is prevalent in doctors and can impact on job dissatisfaction and patient care. In medical students, burnout is associated with poorer self-rated health; however, it is unclear what factors influence its development. This study investigated whether health behaviours predict burnout in medical students.Methods: Medical students (n=356) at the Universities of St Andrews and Manchester completed an online questionnaire assessing: emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalisation (...

  6. Burnout and engagement of reformed church ministers

    OpenAIRE

    Chenelle Buys; Sebastiaan Rothmann

    2010-01-01

    Orientation: The ministry is one occupation where burnout is increasingly considered to be a consequence of the problems with which ministers have to cope. However, few studies focused on the positive antipode of a minister’s work.Research purpose: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of job-demands and job-resources on ministers’ burnout and engagement. Congregational commitment and health were included as possible consequences of burnout and engagement.Motivation for t...

  7. Language Teacher Burnout and School Type

    OpenAIRE

    Jayakaran Mukundan; Pezhman Zare; Abdolvahed Zarifi; Umi Kalthom Abdul Manaf; Husniah Sahamid

    2015-01-01

    The present study was an attempt to explore the level of burnout among primary school teachers in Malaysia. In addition, the study tried to determine if the school type has any significant influence on teachers’ burnout level. To this end, 714 primary school teachers participated in the study. They were teaching at Malay (SK), Tamil (SJKT), and Chinese (SJKC) medium schools. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators Survey (MBI- ES) (Maslach, Jackson, & Schwab, 1986) was used to collect the...

  8. Study on College Students’ Learning Burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Weidong Wu

    2010-01-01

    Learning burnout is students’ passive mental state to the learning. College students’ learning burnout is closely related with the bad style and culture of the society, the employment pressure, the deficiency of college education and college students’ own mental factor. Therefore, to overcome the learning burnout, college and teachers must correct the deficiencies in the education and teaching, and students should also change themselves actively.

  9. Interpersonal behaviour in relation to burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geuens, Nina; Leemans, Annemie; Bogaerts, Annick; Van Bogaert, Peter; Franck, Erik

    2015-12-01

    Organisational and work-related challenges faced by midwives make them vulnerable to burnout, but individual factors, such as interpersonal behaviour, can also contribute. A study in eight hospitals in the Dutch-speaking part of Belgium investigated the prevalence of burnout among Flemish midwives, assessed their interpersonal behaviour, and explored the relationship between interpersonal behaviour, burnout, job satisfaction and intention to leave. This article describes the study and reports the findings. PMID:26602486

  10. Causes to Create Job Burnout in Organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malikeh Beheshtifar

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Burnout is an unpleasant and dysfunctional condition that both individuals and organizations would like to change. Job burnout is a consequence of the perceived disparity between the demands of the job and the resources (both material and emotional that an employee has available to him or her. The factors influential on burnout have been indicated in many studies over the years. Burnout has many negative effects on organization as well as on individual. Cynicism, job dissatisfaction, low organizational commitment, and quitting the job can be mentioned among the most important effects on organization. There are certain ways of preventing burnout. However, one needs to notice burnout in the first place in order to put into practice all these methods. In this regard, the first signs indicating the emergence of burnout are of vital importance. Colleagues, chiefs or subordinates may help an individual notice these signs. However, what is ideal is an attempt by organization to keep burnout under control consistently through an advanced detailed program, and to intervene through certain preventive methods when required. Finally, different methods are suggested for decreasing the burnout levels of employees.

  11. [The burnout syndrome: a medical perspective].

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Känel, R

    2008-04-30

    The burnout syndrome is a heterogeneous concept mostly understood as a complex of symptoms, primarily exhaustion, in response to prolonged emotional and interpersonal stress at work. The prevalence of burnout is considerably high in Swiss primary care physicians. In spite of its vague definition, burnout is a serious stress disease with many associated medical problems and high economic costs. Previous recommendations for the psychosomatic management of patients with functional somatic syndromes also apply to burnout treatment. These are complemented by more specific interventions targeting job stress related factors. Relapse prevention focuses on early recognition of warning signs and is an ongoing process. PMID:18557016

  12. Anti static agent characterization in polypropylene by using combined instrumental techniques; Caracterizacao de agente antiestatico em polipropileno atraves de tecnicas instrumentais combinadas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gibertoni, Eliezer; Monteiro, Marcos R. [Sao Carlos Univ., SP (Brazil). Centro de Caracterizacao e Desenvolvimento de Materiais; Agnelli, Jose Augusto Marcondes [Sao Carlos Univ., SP (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia de Materiais

    1999-07-01

    Antistatic agents are substances with are added to plastics molding formulations or to the surface of molded articles to minimize the accumulation of static electricity. The analysis and characterization of an antistatic agent in polypropylene using combined techniques provides very specific and detailed information. (author)

  13. Burnout in Chinese coal mine safety supervision

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study examines commonly-suffered job burnout as it relates to the practice of safety supervision in Chinese coal mine enterprises. Commonly-suffered job burnout is a form of job burnout caused by external factors. It is closely related to task characteristics rather than individual idiosyncrasies. To explore the causes of commonly-suffered job burnout, the special attributes (the integrated output attributes, conditional output attributes, and public goods attributes) of coal mine safety output and the inevitability of the invalidation of the bounded authority in safety supervision were analyzed in this study, which reveals the formation mechanism of commonly-suffered job burnout. Moreover, a confirmatory game model was constructed to analyze how the attributes of the safety output and bounded authority of safety supervision act on the safety output. The theoretical connotation of commonly-suffered job burnout was explained based on the job demands-resources theory. A comparative analysis of commonly-suffered job burnout and the job burnout that occurs in the traditional research object was also undertaken from the viewpoint of the job demands, which are determined by the characteristics of the work task and their corresponding coping resources. Policy suggestions were given based on interventions in commonly-suffered job burnout. -- Highlights: •We discuss commonly-suffered job burnout in Chinese coal enterprises. •We analyze the special attributes of coal mine safety output. •We explore two main causes of commonly-suffered job burnout. •We construct a game model to validate how the two causes act on safety output. •We put forward related policy suggestions

  14. Níveis de colinesterase como marcador de risco de distúrbios neurológicos em agentes de endemias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Estelita Pereira Lima

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: Alguns inseticidas utilizados em saúde pública inibem as colinesterases, levando ao acúmulo de acetilcolina nas terminações nervosas, provocando alterações no sistema nervoso central. Objetivos: Avaliar o padrão de normalidade dos níveis de colinesterase de agentes de endemias de duas Microrregionais de Saúde do Ceará. Métodos: Levantamento de dados em duas unidades do Laboratório Central de Saúde Pública (LACEN, referentes a dosagens de colinesterase de 81 agentes de endemias das 20ª e 21ª Microrregionais de Saúde, medidas entre os anos de 2014 e 2015. Os agentes eram procedentes de seis municípios, nomeados em A e B (21ª Microrregional; C, D, E e F (20ª Microrregional. Resultados: Os agentes de A encontravam-se com um nível de colinesterase médio de 7.460,8 U/L (±1.232,2 U/L, e os de B, 6.941,6 (±1.122,3 U/L. Os níveis colinérgicos dos agentes da 20ª Microrregional variavam de 3.406 U/L a 12.108 U/L, com média de 8.318 U/L (±2.334 U/L. Nove homens apresentavam alteração nos níveis colinérgicos, sendo cinco com valores abaixo do limite inferior de normalidade (4.620 U/L, quatro, acima do limite superior (11.500 U/L e ¼ deles apresentava um nível de 4.470 U/L, uma diferença de apenas 150 unidades para a taxa mínima de normalidade. Conclusões: Constataram-se alterações nos níveis de colinesterase de 11,1% dos agentes, e aproximação do valor limítrofe inferior de normalidade em 25% dos casos, indicando a necessidade de monitoramento desses níveis e conhecimento do estado de saúde desses trabalhadores.

  15. Toward an understanding of burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vickman, L

    2000-01-01

    Burnout is a syndrome characterized by three dimensions: exhaustion, cynicism and ineffectiveness. It arises as a result of an interface between personal factors that are common to many professionals in conjunction with specific factors that are part of the fabric of any organization. The organizational factors include workload, control, the workplace as a supportive community, reward systems, fairness in decision-making and conflicts in group values. Improvement in group function comes with attention to each of these factors. PMID:10747589

  16. Burnout syndrome and analytical hypnosis

    OpenAIRE

    Carolusson, Susanna

    2014-01-01

    The author aims to discuss her experience that patients with Burnout syndromes need to recover in a unique individualised relational therapy and that they need a slower pace than national authorities are implementing through contemporary national guidelines for health and care systems. The author reviews published definitions of the syndrome and then presents two cases to illustrate the principle of finding the patients’ own resources, the value of exploring the history of their drive to achi...

  17. Physician burnout: A neurologic crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sigsbee, Bruce; Bernat, James L

    2014-12-01

    The prevalence of burnout is higher in physicians than in other professions and is especially high in neurologists. Physician burnout encompasses 3 domains: (1) emotional exhaustion: the loss of interest and enthusiasm for practice; (2) depersonalization: a poor attitude with cynicism and treating patients as objects; and (3) career dissatisfaction: a diminished sense of personal accomplishment and low self-value. Burnout results in reduced work hours, relocation, depression, and suicide. Burned-out physicians harm patients because they lack empathy and make errors. Studies of motivational factors in the workplace suggest several preventive interventions: (1) Provide counseling for physicians either individually or in groups with a goal of improving adaptive skills to the stress and rapid changes in the health care environment. (2) Identify and eliminate meaningless required hassle factors such as electronic health record "clicks" or insurance mandates. (3) Redesign practice to remove pressure to see patients in limited time slots and shift to team-based care. (4) Create a culture that promotes career advancement, mentoring, and recognition of accomplishments. PMID:25378679

  18. Occupational burnout in Birjand dentists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khazaie T

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available "nBackground and Aims: Occupational burnout is a psychological syndrome resulting from continuous tensions which causes absence, conflict, job changing, etc. In spite of much effort done in optimizing the work conditions and satisfying the employed persons, the dentists still suffer from this incident. The purpose of this study was to determine the degree of occupational burnout in Birjand dentists and to provide an approach."nMaterials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study by the census method, 38 dentists were investigated using Maslach questionnaire. Average values were compared with chi-square and comparison among the groups was performed by Tukey test using SPSS software. P≤0.05 was considered as the level of significance."nResults: In this study, there were 68.4% men and 31.6% women with average age of 37.9 ±7.6 years and average work experience of 12.5±7.3 years, 15.8% single and 84.2% married. Frequency of exhaustion, intense depersonalization, and intense feeling of being unsuccessful was 21.1%, 81.6%, and 100%, respectively. There were no significant differences between occupation burnout dimensions and the other variable, such as gender, sports, marital status, and workday hours (P>0.05."nConclusion: Protection of this stratum, providing educational programs and creating job variations are necessary for optimizing the work environment. Future studies with more sample size are suggested to determine the effect of factors.

  19. Burnout and Quality of Life among Healthcare Research Faculty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enders, Felicity; West, Colin P.; Dyrbye, Liselotte; Shanafelt, Tait D.; Satele, Daniel; Sloan, Jeff

    2015-01-01

    Burnout is increasingly recognized as a problem in the workplace--30% to 50% of physicians experience burnout, but no assessment of burnout has been done among healthcare research faculty. A cross-sectional survey of burnout, quality of life, and related factors was sent to all doctoral-level faculty in a large department of healthcare research.…

  20. Burnout among Career Development Professionals: Preliminary Findings and Implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forney, Deanna S.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    Presents the results of the initial stage of research conducted to explore the relationship between burnout and career development professionals through interviews (N=24). Formulates definition of burnout and identifies burnout symptoms and causes. Results pointed out the individualized nature of burnout, both in terms of symptoms/causes and…

  1. A Study of Burnout among Faculty at Fullerton College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Tanzil

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the extent of burnout among full-time faculty at Fullerton College. This study reviewed research on burnout at the community college level and gives insight into burnout's major contributors to. It provides suggestions for intervention to reduce the phenomenon of faculty burnout and recommendations for…

  2. The Research on Teachers' Burnout of Secondary Vocational Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lin Liping

    2015-01-01

    Burnout becomes a common phenomenon in all walks of life.Scholars have begun to focus on the burnout of primary and secondary school teachers,but little attention was given to teachers of secondary vocational schools.This thesis summarized the general status quo of teacher burnout,the major resources and further proposals to cope with teacher burnout.

  3. The Research on Teachers’ Burnout of Secondary Vocational Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lin; Liping

    2015-01-01

    Burnout becomes a common phenomenon in all walks of life.Scholars have begun to focus on the burnout of primary and secondary school teachers,but little attention was given to teachers of secondary vocational schools.This thesis summarized the general status quo of teacher burnout,the major resources and further proposals to cope with teacher burnout.

  4. Job burnout in 159 anesthesiology trainees

    OpenAIRE

    Yesim Cokay Abut; Dilek Kitapcioglu; Kerem Erkalp; Naile Toprak; Aysenur Boztepe; Ulufer Sivrikaya; Inci Paksoy; Emel Kocer Gur; Gulay Eren; Aysegul Bilen

    2012-01-01

    Background: Anesthesiology may be stressful and most anesthesiologists develop mechanisms for coping. However, inexperienced trainee anesthesiologists seem to be vulnerable. We studied stress perception and job burnout in trainee anesthesiologists. Methods: Responses to perceived stress scale (PSS) and Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) were evaluated in 159 trainee anesthesiologists. Results: In our results, when perceived stress was increased, emotional exhaustion and depersonalization increas...

  5. Teacher Burnout: Stylish Fad or Profound Problem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunningham, William G.

    1982-01-01

    Evidence suggests that teacher burnout has significant impact on the quality of education and on teacher job satisfaction. Its causes include job stress and organizational structures or professional relationships. Reduction of burnout may come from such strategies as increased teacher role differentiation, greater teacher support, and improved…

  6. Burnout in therapy radiographers in the UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Probst, H; Griffiths, S; Adams, R; Hill, C

    2012-09-01

    The 2007 UK National Radiotherapy Advisory Group report indicated that the number and type of staff available is one of the "rate-limiting" steps in improving productivity in radiotherapy departments. Retaining well-trained, satisfied staff is key to meeting the objectives of the report; burnout is an important factor linked to satisfaction and attrition. The results of a survey measuring burnout in a sample of radiotherapists (therapy radiographers) are presented and considered against norms for the health sector and burnout in therapists from Canada and the USA. Case study methodology was used studying six radiotherapy departments selected because of close geographical proximity and differing vacancy rates for radiotherapists. An anonymous survey of radiotherapists used the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and other workforce-related measures (e.g. job satisfaction scales, measures of professional plateau, intentions to leave, job characteristics and demographic data); the results of the burnout questionnaire alone are presented in this paper. A total of 97 completed questionnaires were returned (representing a 28% response rate). The average score for emotional exhaustion was higher than the MBI norms, with 38% of respondents reporting emotional exhaustion (an element of burnout). The data presented support and validated a previous qualitative study, and highlighted key areas of concern requiring further study. A correlation between burnout and job dissatisfaction and intention to leave was identified; managers may want to consider encouraging role extension and good leadership qualities in treatment unit leaders to minimise the potential for burnout. PMID:22253352

  7. Performance and burnout in intensive care units

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keijsers, G.J.; Schaufeli, W.B.; LeBlanc, P.; Zwerts, C.; Miranda, D.R.

    1995-01-01

    The relationship between three different performance measures and burnout was explored in 20 Dutch Intensive Care Units (ICUs). Burnout (i.e. emotional exhaustion and depersonalization) proved to be significantly related to nurses' perceptions of performance as well as to objectively assessed unit p

  8. Stress and Burnout: An Organizational Synthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLean, Leslie H.; Clouse, R. Wilburn

    In the care, prevention, and treatment, of burnout, the reoccurring theme is "control and balance" between expectation and performance. Burnout is treatable and preventable, but changes and interventions must occur on all levels, (individual, organizational, and societal). Recent research, which has expanded the already complex definition of…

  9. "Burnout": definitions and health care management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beemsterboer, J; Baum, B H

    1984-01-01

    This paper examines the existing definitions and perceptions of the concept of "burnout" in the health professions. The authors suggest that the understanding of "burnout" is hindered by the lack of a single operational definition and a clear set of criteria. An example of social workers in a community mental health setting serves as an illustration. PMID:6515524

  10. Gendered Pathways in School Burnout among Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salmela-Aro, Katariina; Tynkkynen, Lotta

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study is to examine differences in student burnout by gender, time status with two time points before and after an educational transition, and educational track (academic vs. vocational). The definition of burnout is based on three components: exhaustion due to school demands, a disengaged and cynical attitude toward school, and…

  11. A Primary Prevention Model for Burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blake, Ronald E.

    1980-01-01

    Notes the evolving definition of mental health "primary prevention," the future of which is currently jeopardized. Describes a study of the effectiveness of primary prevention in relieving some of the signs and symptoms of teacher burnout. Includes the format of a teacher inservice program which addresses teacher burnout. (SB)

  12. Exploring Burnout in Batterer Intervention Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahner, Angela D.; Berkel, LaVerne A.

    2007-01-01

    This study used the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) to explore burnout in a sample of 115 batterer intervention program (BIP) workers (56% female, 44% male) from four midwestern states. The purpose of this study was to explore the role that demographic variables, job-setting variables, supervisor support, and personality characteristics played in…

  13. Language Teacher Burnout and School Type

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukundan, Jayakaran; Zare, Pezhman; Zarifi, Abdolvahed; Manaf, Umi Kalthom Abdul; Sahamid, Husniah

    2015-01-01

    The present study was an attempt to explore the level of burnout among primary school teachers in Malaysia. In addition, the study tried to determine if the school type has any significant influence on teachers' burnout level. To this end, 714 primary school teachers participated in the study. They were teaching at Malay (SK), Tamil (SJKT), and…

  14. Teacher Burnout. Information Capsule. Volume 1003

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blazer, Christie

    2010-01-01

    Burnout is a state of physical, mental, and emotional exhaustion resulting from chronic stress. It is characterized by feelings of alienation, indifference, and low self-regard, a loss of interest in work, and an inability to perform one's day-to-day job duties. Burnout within the teaching profession has been recognized as a serious problem.…

  15. Conceptions of Assessment and Teacher Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pishghadam, Reza; Adamson, Bob; Sadafian, Shaghayegh Shayesteh; Kan, Flora L. F.

    2014-01-01

    Teacher burnout is an important phenomenon that affects the education system and society as a whole. Assessment represents a form of stress for teachers, and this study explores the association between teachers' assessment-related beliefs and their burnout level. To this end, the Teachers' Conceptions of Assessment (TCoA) inventory along…

  16. Burnout and Job Satisfaction among Counselor Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sangganjanavanich, Varunee Faii; Balkin, Richard S.

    2013-01-01

    The relationship between burnout and job satisfaction among counselor educators was investigated. A total of 220 full-time counselor educators participated in this quantitative research study. Emotional exhaustion seemed to be the most significant predictor of burnout among counselor educators. Implications for counselor education and future…

  17. Suicidal Thoughts Among Medical Residents with Burnout

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Heijden, Frank; Dillingh, Gea; Bakker, Arnold; Prins, Jelle

    2008-01-01

    Objectives: Recent research showed that medical residents have a high risk for developing burnout. The present study investigates the prevalence of burnout and its relationship with suicidal thoughts among medical residents. Methods: All Dutch medical residents (n = 5126) received a self-report ques

  18. A Measure of Burnout for Business Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Law, Daniel W.

    2010-01-01

    The author surveyed 163 business students representing all business majors from a major state university. Participants completed a questionnaire utilizing a modified version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory. The data were factor analyzed to assess its basic underlying structure, and each burnout component was assessed for reliability. Results…

  19. Transient burnout under rapid flow reduction condition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Burnout characteristics were experimentally studied using uniformly heated tube and annular test sections under rapid flow reduction conditions. Observations indicated that the onset of burnout under a flow reduction transient is caused by the dryout of a liquid film on the heated surface. The decrease in burnout mass velocity at the channel inlet with increasing flow reduction rate is attributed to the fact that the vapor flow rate continues to increase and sustain the liquid film flow after the inlet flow rate reaches the steady-state burnout flow rate. This is because the movement of the boiling boundary cannot keep up with the rapid reduction of inlet flow rate. A burnout model for the local condition could be applied to the burnout phenomena with the flow reduction under pressures of 0.5 ∼ 3.9 MPa and flow reduction rates of 0.6 ∼ 35 %/s. Based on this model, a method to predict the burnout time under a flow reduction condition was presented. The calculated burnout times agreed well with experimental results obtained by some investigators. (author)

  20. Burnout Stress Syndrome in Child Protection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verstraete, Patricia A.

    1994-01-01

    Burnout stress syndrome is a complex concept reflecting a failure in both the individual's defense mechanism and in the work environment. Since child protection agencies cannot afford the costs of staff burnout, time and money spent by the organization to reduce employee stress is an investment in better service delivery. (TJQ)

  1. Teacher Burnout in Black and White

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haberman, Martin

    2005-01-01

    This article discusses teacher burnout which scholars define as a condition caused by depersonalization, exhaustion, and a diminished sense of accomplishment. A psychological model of how stress leads to burnout describes it as a syndrome resulting from teachers' inability to protect themselves against threats to their self esteem and well-being.…

  2. Research Burnout: a refined multidimensional scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Surendra N; Dalal, Nikunj; Mishra, Sanjay

    2004-12-01

    In a prevailing academic climate where there are high expectations for faculty to publish and generate grants, the exploration of Research Burnout among higher education faculty has become increasingly important. Unfortunately, it is a topic that has not been well researched empirically. In 1997 Singh and Bush developed a unidimensional scale to measure Research Burnout. A closer inspection of the definition of this construct and the composition of its items suggests, however, that the construct may be multidimensional and analogous to Maslach's Psychological Burnout Scale. In this paper, we propose a refined, multidimensional Research Burnout scale and test its factorial validity using confirmatory factor analysis. The nomological validity of this refined scale is established by examining hypothesized relationships between Research Burnout and other constructs such as Intrinsic Motivation for doing research, Extrinsic Pressures to do research, and Knowledge Obsolescence. PMID:15762409

  3. [Burnout: rising interest phenomenon in stressful workplace].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Della Valle, E; De Pascale, G; Cuccaro, A; Di Mare, M; Padovano, L; Carbone, U; Farinaro, E

    2006-01-01

    Many stressful situations, particularly strong and long time lasting, can induce the burnout syndrome. The definition "burnout" refers to emotional and exhausting conditions related to working environment. Since 70'ties, many studies, have focused on this topic, have assessed that this condition is much more frequent in some particular professional categories: teachers, physicians, nurses, social workers, policemen, judges (the so-called helping professions). The main syndrome characteristics are: physical and emotional fatigue, depersonalization, frustration for unsuccessful professional realization and reduced personal accomplishment in competence and productivity with decreasing critical sense towards working field. The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) has been the most popular instrument for measuring burnout in medical research. The coherence of many studies results on helping professions in different countries, leads to the conclusion that basically burnout is a psycho-social phenomenon of international relevance. These studies have also identified personal, relational and environmental risk factors susceptible to prevention. PMID:16649514

  4. Orthopaedic Surgeon Burnout: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniels, Alan H; DePasse, J Mason; Kamal, Robin N

    2016-04-01

    Burnout is a syndrome marked by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and low job satisfaction. Rates of burnout in orthopaedic surgeons are higher than those in the general population and many other medical subspecialties. Half of all orthopaedic surgeons show symptoms of burnout, with the highest rates reported in residents and orthopaedic department chairpersons. This syndrome is associated with poor outcomes for surgeons, institutions, and patients. Validated instruments exist to objectively diagnose burnout, although family members and colleagues should be aware of early warning signs and risk factors, such as irritability, withdrawal, and failing relationships at work and home. Emerging evidence indicates that mindfulness-based interventions or educational programs combined with meditation may be effective treatment options. Orthopaedic residency programs, departments, and practices should focus on identifying the signs of burnout and implementing prevention and treatment programs that have been shown to mitigate symptoms. PMID:26885712

  5. First observations of power MOSFET burnout with high energy neutrons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Single event burnout was seen in power MOSFETs exposed to high energy neutrons. Devices with rated voltage ≥400 volts exhibited burnout at substantially less than the rated voltage. Tests with high energy protons gave similar results. Burnout was also seen in limited tests with lower energy protons and neutrons. Correlations with heavy-ion data are discussed. Accelerator proton data gave favorable comparisons with burnout rates measured on the APEX spacecraft. Implications for burnout at lower altitudes are also discussed

  6. Burnout syndrome in selected professional groups and students

    OpenAIRE

    Veselková, Veronika

    2015-01-01

    This master's thesis deals with the problems of the burnout syndrome. The main objective of this thesis is to map the occurrence of the burnout syndrome at selected professional groups and students. The theoretical part describes in detail the burnout syndrome, its history, definition, causes, symptoms, phases and diagnostic options. This part of the thesis also includes treatment options and prevention of the burnout syndrome. The last part deals with the burnout syndrome in healthcare, educ...

  7. DEGREE OF BURNOUT AMONG EMERGENCY HEALTHCARE WORKERS AND FACTORS INFLUENCING LEVEL OF BURNOUT: A STUDY PROTOCOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shyamanta

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Burnout is a feeling of failure and exhaustion. It is felt both at the physical and emotional level. Depletion of the person’s resources is a consequence and also has an impact on the organisation. Nature of the work itself makes emergency healthcare workers vulnerable to burnout. METHOD This study is designed to measure the degree of burnout among emergency healthcare workers in a hospital and to identify the factors that influence burnout. The study has been approved by the institutional ethical committee. After obtaining informed consent, doctors, nurses and other healthcare workers who are working in the Emergency Department of the Gauhati Medical College Hospital, Guwahati, will form the study population. RESULT Sixty two healthcare workers will constitute the sample for the present study. The Assamese translation of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI is the chosen tool to assess burnout. The data on demography, factors influencing the level of burnout, and the degree of burnout will be collected through structured questionnaires. The analysis is planned by both descriptive (such as mean, standard deviation, and frequency distribution as well as inferential (non-parametric test such as Chi-square statistics. CONCLUSION Knowledge about the degree of burnout among the emergency healthcare workers and the factors influencing burnout in hospital can help in devising methods to recharge the resources and motivation of the workforce and thus the organisation and thereby improve the overall performance of the healthcare system and patient outcomes.

  8. Development of a biocontrol agent for plant disease control with special emphasis on the near commercial fungal antagonist <em>Clonostachys roseaem> strain "IK726"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Dan Funck; Knudsen, Inge M.B.; Lübeck, Mette;

    2007-01-01

    . Among the success stories for control of seed- and soilborne diseases are fungal biocontrol agents based on Trichoderma harzianum, Clonostachys rosea and Conithyrium minitans, and bacterial biocontrol agents based on strains of Agrobacterium, Pseudomonas and Streptomyces. We have developed C. rosea...

  9. Práticas emergentes em psicologia: atuação com agentes comunitários de saúde

    OpenAIRE

    Staliano, Pamela; Araujo, Tereza Cristina Cavalcanti Ferreira de; Coêlho, Angela Elizabeth Lapa

    2009-01-01

    Nas últimas décadas, constatam-se iniciativas visando ampliar a atuação em saúde pública, incluindo-se ações de natureza comunitária. Considerando o interesse destas práticas emergentes, realizou-se um levantamento dos Trabalhos de Conclusão de Curso (TCCs) sobre intervenções com Agentes Comunitários de Saúde (ACSs), do Município de Campo Grande, MS. A análise apontou que os objetivos norteadores das propostas são sensibilizar para promoção e prevenção em saúde e estimular troca de experiênci...

  10. Malassezia pachydermatis e outros agentes infecciosos nas otites externas e dermatites em cães Malassezia pachydermatis and other infectious agents in external otitis and dermatitis in dogs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia Nobre

    1998-09-01

    Full Text Available Malassezia pachydermatis (Pityrosporum canis faz parte da microbiota da pele e quando ocorrem alterações no microambiente local como aumento da umidade, da temperatura e do substrato, determinando uma elevação do número de células, ocorre a transição da forma comensal para o parasitismo. O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar a prevalência da infeçâo por M. pachydermatis e outros agentes infecciosos nas otites externas e dermatites de cães. Foram analisadas 78 amostras de cães com otite, 36 amostras de cães com o conduto auditivo normal e 24 com dermatite. Todas as amostras foram submetidas ao exame direto. cultivo em ágar sangue e em ágar Sabouraud dextrose, acrescido de cloranfenicol e cicloheximida. Ao exame direto, 50% das amostras de otite e 16,6% das amostras de dermatite apresentaram numerosas células semelhante a M. pachydermatis, enquanto 83,3% das amostras de ouvidos saudáveis apresentaram ausência de células com esta morfologia. M. pachydermatis foi isolada em 25% das amostras do conduto auditivo normal, em 80,7% das amostras de otite e em 37,5% das amostras de dermatite. Foram também isolados das amostras de otite Staphylococcus intermédias, S. aureus, S. epidermidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus sp, Actinomyces sp, Streptococcus sp e Otodectes cynotis e das de dermatite Staphylococcus intermédias, S. áureas, S. epidermidis Microsporum canis, M. gypseum,. Trychophyton sp e Demodex canis. M. pachydermatis foi o agente com maior prevalência nas otites externas e dermatites, sendo um agente oportunista que causa otite e dermatite quando há uma alteração do microambiente.The Malassezia pachydermatis ( Pityrosporum canis is found in the whole skin microflora. It seems to occur as a consequence of changes in the local microenvironment, such as moist increase, temperature or substrate enhancement, generating a raising on cell quantity, which brings the transition from commensal form to parasitism. The

  11. PREVALENCIA DEL SÍNDROME DE BURNOUT EN RESIDENTES DE ESPECIALIDADES MÉDICO QUIRÚRGICAS, SU RELACIÓN CON EL BIENESTAR PSICOLÓGICO Y CON VARIABLES SOCIODEMOGRÁFICAS Y LABORALES PREVALÊNCIA DO SÍNDROME DE BURNOUT EM ESTUDANTES DE ESPECIALIDADES MÉDICO CIRÚRGICAS, SUA RELAÇÃO COM O BEM-ESTAR PSICOLÓGICO E COM VARIÁVEIS SOCIODEMOGRÁFICAS E TRABALHISTAS PREVALENCE OF BURNOUT SYNDROME IN RESIDENTS OF MEDICAL AND SURGICAL SPECIALTIES AND ITS RELATION WITH PSYCHOLOGICAL WELLBEING AND SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC AND LABOR VARIABLES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OLGA L. PAREDES G.

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available El Síndrome de Burnout es una de las manifestaciones que más afecta a los profesionales de la salud, con diversas consecuencias para ellos y para quienes los rodean. Es también, una de las causas más reconocidas de ausentismo en el trabajo, de baja calidad en la atención y de demandas laborales. El objetivo del trabajo fue conocer la prevalencia del síndorme entre los residentes de las especialidades médico quirúrgica de hospitales universitarios, su relación con el bienestar psicológico y con variables sociodemográficas y laborales. El estudio de prevalencia analítica contó con una muestra de 138 residentes a quienes se les aplicó el Cuestionario Breve de Burnout (CBB, que evalúa tres dimensiones de sus condiciones de trabajo: causas del Burnout (CBO , síndrome (SBO y consecuencias (CON. El 12,6% de los residentes presentó un alto nivel de Burnout y el análisis estadístico evidenció una asociación negativa entre el Burnout y el bienestar psicológico y entre éste último y las largas horas de trabajo. No se encontraron asociaciones estadísticamente significativas con las variables sociodemográficas y laborales.A Síndrome de Burnout é uma das manifestações que mais afeta aos profissionais da saúde, com diversas conseqüências para eles e para quem os rodeiam. É também, uma das causas mais reconhecidas de falta de assistência no trabalho, de baixa qualidade no atendimento e de demandas trabalhistas. O objetivo do trabalho foi conhecer a prevalência desta sindrome entre os residentes das especialidades médico cirúrgicas de um hospital universitário, sua relação com o bem-estar psicológico e com variáveis sócio demográficas e trabalhistas. O estudo de prevalência analítica contou com uma mostra de 138 residentes a quem se lhes aplicou o Questionário Breve de Burnout (CBB, que avalia três dimensões de suas condições de trabalho: causas do Burnout (CBO, síndrome (SBO e conseqüências (COM. O 12

  12. Potencialidade antagonística detectada em alguns procariotas agentes de biocontrole de enfermidades de plantas Antagonistic potentiality in prokaryotic biocontrol agents for plant diseases

    OpenAIRE

    Victor Rafael Barra; Reginaldo da Silva; Hélio Glelson Maciel Ferraz; Dirceu Macagnan; Harllen Sandro Alves Silva; Andréa Bittencourt Moura; Bernardo de Almeida Halfeld-Vieira; Henrique Lopes Mendonça; José Roberto Vieira Júnior

    2008-01-01

    Ao longo de vários anos, no Laboratório de Bacteriologia de Plantas e Controle Biológico (LBPCB) do Departamento de Fitopatologia da Universidade Federal de Viçosa têm-se, sistematicamente, isolado, de rizosfera, rizoplano e filoplano de plantas cultivadas de importância econômica, milhares de procariotas os quais são testados, um a um, como agentes de biocontrole de enfermidades. A grande maioria deles, como esperado, não exibe qualquer potencialidade como agente de biocontrole e é descartad...

  13. Occurrence of Salmonella spp. in broiler chicken carcasses and their susceptibility to antimicrobial agents Ocorrência de Salmonella spp. em carcaças de frango e sua suscetibilidade a agentes antimicrobianos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dalila Angélica Moliterno Duarte

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The present study was carried out to evaluate the occurrence of Salmonellae in broiler chicken carcasses and to determine the antimicrobial resistance profile of the isolated strains. Twenty-five out of the 260 broiler chicken carcasses samples (9.6% were positive for Salmonella. S. Enteritidis was the most frequent serovar. Nineteen Salmonella isolates were tested for antimicrobial resistance, and the results indicated that 94.7% were resistant to at least one antimicrobial agent. Resistance to streptomycin (73.7%, nitrofurantoin (52.3%, tetracycline (31.6%, and nalidixic acid (21% were the prevalent amongst Salmonella strains tested.O presente estudo teve como objetivo verificar a ocorrência de Salmonellae em amostras de carcaças de frango e a suscetibilidade dos isolados a agentes antimicrobianos. Das 260 carcaças analisadas, 25 (9,6% foram positivas para Salmonella. Salmonella Enteritidis foi o sorovar predominante. Com relação à suscetibilidade a agentes antimicrobianos, 94,7% das cepas de Salmonella testadas, apresentaram resistência a um ou mais agentes antimicrobianos. Os perfís de resistência mais comumente observados entre os isolados foram a resistência à estreptomicina (73,7%, nitrofurantoína (52,3%, tetraciclina (31,6% e ácido nalidíxico (21%.

  14. Mixoploidia em híbridos de capim-elefante x milheto tratados com agentes antimitóticos Mixoploidy in napiergrass x pearl millet hybrids treated with antimitotic agents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juscélio Clemente de Abreu

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar métodos de duplicação cromossômica, com uso de agentes antimitóticos e diversos materiais botânicos como explantes dos híbridos entre capim-elefante (Pennisetum purpureum Schum. e milheto (Pennisetum glaucum (L. R. Br.. Utilizaram-se soluções de colchicina a 50 mg L-1 e 100 mg L-1, e de ciclohexamida 25 mg L-1:8-hidroxiquinoleína 300 mg L-1 (1:1, aplicadas in vitro em segmentos nodais, e in vivo em plântulas e perfilhos, com diferentes períodos de exposição. O efeito dos antimitóticos foi avaliado por meio da taxa de sobrevivência, do número cromossômico e da presença de anomalias no ciclo celular, em meristemas de raízes das plantas sobreviventes. A colchicina apresentou melhor efeito sobre as plântulas, enquanto a ciclohexamida:8-hidroxiquinoleína (1:1 atuou melhor sobre os perfilhos. Observou-se ocorrência de mixoploidia em células que apresentaram de 14 até 42 cromossomos, o que indica que houve duplicação seguida de eliminação cromossômica, confirmada pelas aberrações cromossômicas. Das células analisadas 86,4%, em média, apresentaram número cromossômico diferente de 21.The objective of this work was to evaluate methods of chromosome duplication, using antimitotic agents and several botanical materials as explant hybrids between napiergrass (Pennisetum purpureum Shum. and pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum (L. R. Br.. Colchicine (50 mg L-1 and 100 mg L-1 and cycloheximide:8-hydroxyquinoline (1:1 (25 mg L-1:300 mg L-1 solutions have been applied in vivo to shoots and in vitro to seedlings and tillers. The antimitotic effect has been evaluated through survival rate, chromosome number and presence of cell cycle anomalies at the root tips of surviving plants. The best results have been obtained when seedlings have been treated with colchicine and tillers with cycloheximide: 8-hydroxyquinoline. Mixoploidy has been observed in cells having 14 to 42 chromosomes, indicating

  15. Evaluating Burnout among Administrative and Healthcare Staffs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neda Khorshidian

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background & Aims of the Study Burnout is an occupational hazard which is known as one of the major factors affecting employees’ psychological disorders. The present study aimed to evaluate occupational burnout among administrative and healthcare staffs of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Materials & Methods In this cross sectional study, 300 employees (150 administrative staff and 150 health care staff were selected using random sampling method. Data were collected using Maslach Burnout Inventory and analyzed using SPSS software. Results: The mean of burnout was 2.33±0.60. The results showed no significant difference between men and women employees in terms of occupational burnout and its three dimensions. Moreover, a significant difference between administrative and medical staffs  were found only in the dimension of emotional exhaustion. The mean score of emotional exhaustion in the administrative staff was significantly lower than that of their peers in the healthcare sector (2.03±0.84vs. 2.36±1.00 (p=0.03. Conclusions: The results showed that the majority of employees reported an average level of burnout .Such finding was in agreement with the results reported in previous studies. The obtained results can pave the way for further study on the identifying determinants of burnout.

  16. Burnout And Lifestyle Of Principals And Entrepreneurs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasna Lavrenčič

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Research Question (RQ: What kind of lifestyle do the principals and entrepreneurs lead? Does the lifestyle of principals and entrepreneurs influence burnout? Purpose: To find out, based on the results of a questionnaire, what kind of lifestyle both researched groups lead. Does lifestyle have an influence on the occurrence of the phenomenon of burnout. Method: We used the method of data collection by questionnaire. Acquired data were analyzed using SPSS, descriptive and inference statistics. Results: Results showed, that both groups lead a similar lifestyle and that lifestyle influences burnout with principals, as well as entrepreneurs. Organization: School principals and entrepreneurs are the heads of individual organizations or companies, the goal of which is success. To be successful in their work, they must adapt their lifestyle, which can be healthy or unhealthy. If their lifestyle is unhealthy, it can lead to burnout. Society: With results of the questionnaire we would like to answer the question about the lifestyle of both groups and its influence on the occurrence of burnout. Originality: The study of lifestyle and the occurrence of burnout in these two groups is the first study in this area. Limitations/Future Research: In continuation, research groups could be submitted to the research fields of effort physiology and tracking of certain haematological parameters, such as cholesterol, blood sugar and stress hormones - adrenaline, noradrenalin, cortisol. Thus, we could carry out an even more in depth research of the connection between lifestyle and burnout.

  17. Behaviour and burnout in medical students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jo Cecil

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: Burnout is prevalent in doctors and can impact on job dissatisfaction and patient care. In medical students, burnout is associated with poorer self-rated health; however, it is unclear what factors influence its development. This study investigated whether health behaviours predict burnout in medical students. Methods: Medical students (n=356 at the Universities of St Andrews and Manchester completed an online questionnaire assessing: emotional exhaustion (EE, depersonalisation (DP, personal accomplishment (PA, alcohol use, physical activity, diet, and smoking. Results: Approximately 55% (54.8% of students reported high levels of EE, 34% reported high levels of DP, and 46.6% reported low levels of PA. Linear regression analysis revealed that year of study, physical activity, and smoking status significantly predicted EE whilst gender, year of study, and institution significantly predicted DP. PA was significantly predicted by alcohol binge score, year of study, gender, and physical activity. Conclusions: Burnout is present in undergraduate medical students in the United Kingdom, and health behaviours, particularly physical activity, predict components of burnout. Gender, year of study, and institution also appear to influence the prevalence of burnout. Encouraging medical students to make healthier lifestyle choices early in their medical training may reduce the likelihood of the development of burnout.

  18. Differentiation of Burnout Syndrome by Profession and Job: Gazi Burnout Inventory

    OpenAIRE

    Hakan KOC; Siddik ARSLAN; Isil G. TOPALOGLU

    2009-01-01

    Defined as the situation individuals undergo in the face of stress, burnout syndrome appears to be a handicap not only conveying the feeling of isolation towards a specific job or profession but diminishing the productivity of individual in profession-related settings as well. This study sets out to develop and design an attitude scale in order to explore the differentiation of burnout of individuals in terms of job and profession concepts. In order to measure professional and job burnout, a ...

  19. Development of Adrenal Burnout Syndrom Questionnaire and testing the basis of reciprocal burnout model

    OpenAIRE

    Andreja Pšeničny

    2007-01-01

    The paper presents the new Adrenal Burnout Syndrome Questionnaire (ABS Questionnaire). The questionnaire is based on the Reciprocal Burnout Model, combining the existing academic findings with the research efforts of the Inštitut za razvoj človeških virov (Institute for Human Resources Development), Ljubljana. The questionnaire distinguishes among separate stages of burnout and correlates them with their characteristic symptoms. The survey has been conducted on 225 participants, employing the...

  20. Burnout among physiotherapists and length of service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zbigniew Śliwiński

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The aim of this study was to identify factors that contribute to the development of burnout among physiotherapists with different length of service in physiotherapy. Material and Methods: The following research tools were used to study burnout: the Life Satisfaction Questionnaire (LSQ, based on FLZ (Fragebogen zur Lebenszufriedenheit by Frahrenberg, Myrtek, Schumacher, and Brähler; the Burnout Scale Inventory (BSI by Steuden and Okła; and an ad hoc questionnaire to collect socio-demographic data. The survey was anonymous and voluntary and involved a group of 200 active physiotherapists working in Poland. Results: A statistical analysis revealed significant differences in overall life satisfaction between length-of-service groups (p = 0.03. Physiotherapists with more than 15 years of service reported greater satisfaction than those with less than 5 years and between 5 and 15 years of service. The results suggest that burnout in those with 5-15 years of service is higher in physiotherapists working in health care centers and increases with age and greater financial satisfaction, while it decreases with greater satisfaction with friend and family relations and greater satisfaction with one's work and profession. In those with more than 15 years of service, burnout increases in the case of working in a setting other than a health care or educational center and decreases with greater satisfaction with one's work and profession. Conclusions: Job satisfaction and a satisfying family life prevent burnout among physiotherapists with 5-15 years of service in the profession. Financial satisfaction, age and being employed in health care may cause burnout among physiotherapists with 5-15 years of service. Physiotherapists with more than 15 years of service experience more burnout if they work in a setting other than a health care or educational center and less burnout if they are satisfied with their profession.

  1. Burnout Questionnaire for Housewives (CUBAC: Assessment of its Psychometrical Properties and the Sequential Model of Burnout

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Teresa González Ramírez

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The researches about burnout have been extended to different populations;nevertheless, we did not find an instrument to measure burnout in housewives.Thus, the aim of this paper was to evaluate psychometric properties ofBurnout questionnaire to housewives (CUBAC, designed by authors takingin consideration the Short questionnaire of burnout and also to evaluategoodness of fit of theoretical model behind questionnaires. Results about200 housewives showed an adequate reliability, evidence of validity comparingwith Stress Perceived Scale (PSS and acceptable goodness of fit inthe structural model analyzed.

  2. [Job burnout: focusing on occupational differences of enthusiasm for job].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igawa, Junichi; Nakanishi, Daisuke; Shiwa, Shiro

    2013-10-01

    This study investigates characteristics of burnout, as related to job descriptions in mental hospitals and presuppositions of the concept of burnout (burnout is caused as a result of having enthusiasm for a job). The results of a questionnaire survey (burnout tendency, Japanese Burnout Scale, enthusiasm for a job in the past, modified Enthusiasm scale) with 781 workers at mental hospitals showed that burnout characteristics varied according to job descriptions. Specifically, psychiatric social workers, medical assistants, and nurses fell into the high-burnout category, whereas doctors, occupational therapists, and pharmacists fell into the low-burnout category. In addition, in order to compare enthusiasm for a job in the past with current burnout tendencies, factor scores for the respective scales were classified into a low group or a high group and were cross tabulated. The numbers in the cells of the groups indicating the opposite of the definition of burnout (low enthusiasm-high burnout tendency, high enthusiasm-low burnout tendency) were larger. This indicates that having enthusiasm for a job is not a direct factor for burnout, which is different from the presupposition about burnout. PMID:24205741

  3. A dialectical perspective on burnout and engagement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew R. Leon

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available With strong empirical evidence existing for conflicting models, the nature of burnout and engagement continues to be debated. Scholars have recognized the need to theoretically clarify the nature of the burnout–engagement relationship in order to advance empirical research related to both topics. The purpose of this paper is to reconcile existing perspectives through an alternative approach that provides an alternate view of burnout and engagement based on dialectical theory. Implications for common theories used to study burnout and engagement are discussed, followed by suggestions and models for future research utilizing dialectics.

  4. Transient burnout in flow reduction condition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A transient flow reduction burnout experiment was conducted with water in a uniformly heated, vertically oriented tube. Test pressures ranged from 0.5 to 3.9 MPa. An analytical method was developed to obtain transient burnout conditions at the exit. A simple correlation to predict the deviation of the transient burnout mass velocity at the tube exit from the steady state mass velocity obtained as a function of steam-water density ratio and flow reduction rate. The correlation was also compared with the other data. (author)

  5. EM菌剂对苔藓生长和叶绿素含量的影响%Effect of EM Bacterium Agent on Growth and Chlorophyll Content of Mosses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    代丽华; 刘方; 李波; 敖成红; 梁春芳

    2011-01-01

    Three mosses of Esmeralda clarkei , Bryum anagustirete and Haplocladium angustifolium were treated by different EM bacterium agent with different concentrations to study the effect of EM bacterium agent on moss growth. The results show that low concentration of EM bacterium agent can promote growth of E. clarkei and B. anagustirete, both the best when treated by EM bacterium agent of 600 times; EM bacterium agent of 200 times showed obvious inhibition effect on the growth of E. clarkei; There was no significant difference between that of B. anagustirete and CK. The total chlorophyll contents of three mosses increased significantly when treated by different concentrations of EM bacterium agent, the total chlorophyll contents of B. anagustirete and H. angusti folium treated by EM bacterium agent of 600 times reached the maximum, 70. 1% and 55. 8% higher than CK respectively, and that of E. clarkei treated by EM bacterium agent of 400 times was the highest, 26. 3% higher than CK. Different concentrations of EM bacterium agent had little influence on Chlorophyll a/b of the three mosses.%为了研究EM菌剂对苔藓生长的影响,对3种苔藓穗枝赤齿藓、狭网真藓和狭叶小羽藓进行了不同浓度EM菌剂处理试验.结果表明:低浓度EM菌剂可促进穗枝赤齿藓、狭叶小羽藓的生长,两者均以600倍液最高;200倍液EM菌剂对穗枝赤齿藓的生长表现出了明显的抑制作用;EM菌液对狭网真藓的影响与对照相比差异不显著.不同浓度EM菌剂处理均显著提高了3种苔藓的总叶绿素含量,其中,狭网真藓、狭叶小羽藓在600倍液EM菌剂处理下,总叶绿素含量最高,与对照相比分别提高了70.1%和55.8%,而穗枝赤齿藓在400倍液EM菌剂处理下达到最大值,比对照提高了26.3%;不同浓度EM菌剂对3种苔藓的叶绿素a/b比率影响不大.

  6. Estresse no trabalho em agentes dos centros de atendimento socioeducativo do Rio Grande do Sul Estrés en el trabajo en agentes en los centros de atención socioeducativa de Rio Grande do Sul Job stress in agents at the socio-educational service centers in the state of Rio Grande do Sul

    OpenAIRE

    Patrícia Bitencourt Toscani Greco; Tânia Solange Bosi de Souza Magnago; Carmem Lúcia Colomé Beck; Janete de Souza Urbanetto; Andrea Prochnow

    2013-01-01

    Estudo que teve por objetivo verificar a associação entre estresse no trabalho, características sociodemográficas, laborais, hábitos e condições de saúde dos agentes socioeducadores do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Trata-se de um estudo transversal com 381 agentes dos Centros de Atendimento Socioeducativo do Rio Grande do Sul. Utilizou-se a versão brasileira da Job Stress Scale, para avaliação do estresse no trabalho. Foram classificados, em situação de alta exigência no trabalho, 19,2% dos agen...

  7. Chronic job burnout and daily functioning: A theoretical analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnold B. Bakker

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we discuss the individual employee's role in the development of his/her job burnout. We review the antecedents and consequences of burnout, and propose a model with chronic burnout as a moderator of daily functioning in the workplace. Specifically, we argue that chronic burnout strengthens the loss cycle of daily job demands, daily exhaustion, and daily self-undermining. Additionally, we argue that chronic burnout weakens the gain cycle of daily job resources, daily work engagement, and daily job crafting. We conclude that employees with high levels of burnout need help in structurally changing their working conditions and health status.

  8. Burnout in the intensive care unit professionals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalpalatha K Guntupalli

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Professional burnout has been widely explored in health care. We conducted this study in our hospital intensive care unit (ICU in United States to explore the burnout among nurses and respiratory therapists (RT. Materials and Methods: A survey consisting of two parts was used to assess burnout. Part 1 addressed the demographic information and work hours. Part 2 addressed the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Service Survey. Results: The analysis included 213 total subjects; Nurses 151 (71% and RT 62 (29%. On the emotional exhaustion (EE scale, 54% scored "Moderate" to "High" and 40% scored "Moderate" to "High" on the depersonalization (DP scale. Notably 40.6% scored "Low" on personal accomplishment (PA scale. Conclusion: High level of EE, DP and lower PAs were seen among two groups of health care providers in the ICUs.

  9. Burnout characteristics under flow reduction condition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Burnout characteristics in a uniformly heated, vertically oriented tube, under flow reduction condition, were experimentally studied. Test pressures ranged 0.5 -- 3.9 MPa and flow reduction rates 0.6 -- 35%/s. An analytical method was developed to obtain the local mass velocity during a transient condition. The local mass velocity at the burnout location with an increasing flow reduction rate was slightly different from that measured in steady state tests. The system pressure had a significant effect on the difference. An empirical correlation was presented to give the ratio between the transient and steady state burnout mass velocities at the burnout location as a function of the steam-water density ratio and the flow reduction rate. Experimental results of previous work were compared with this correlation. (author)

  10. Depression-Burnout Overlap in Physicians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wurm, Walter; Vogel, Katrin; Holl, Anna; Ebner, Christoph; Bayer, Dietmar; Mörkl, Sabrina; Szilagyi, Istvan-Szilard; Hotter, Erich; Kapfhammer, Hans-Peter; Hofmann, Peter

    2016-01-01

    Background Whether burnout is a distinct phenomenon rather than a type of depression and whether it is a syndrome, limited to three “core” components (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and low personal accomplishment) are subjects of current debate. We investigated the depression-burnout overlap, and the pertinence of these three components in a large, representative sample of physicians. Methods In a cross-sectional study, all Austrian physicians were invited to answer a questionnaire that included the Major Depression Inventory (MDI), the Hamburg Burnout Inventory (HBI), as well as demographic and job-related parameters. Of the 40093 physicians who received an invitation, a total of 6351 (15.8%) participated. The data of 5897 participants were suitable for analysis. Results Of the participants, 10.3% were affected by major depression. Our study results suggest that potentially 50.7% of the participants were affected by symptoms of burnout. Compared to physicians unaffected by burnout, the odds ratio of suffering from major depression was 2.99 (95% CI 2.21–4.06) for physicians with mild, 10.14 (95% CI 7.58–13.59) for physicians with moderate, 46.84 (95% CI 35.25–62.24) for physicians with severe burnout and 92.78 (95% CI 62.96–136.74) for the 3% of participants with the highest HBI_sum (sum score of all ten HBI components). The HBI components Emotional Exhaustion, Personal Accomplishment and Detachment (representing depersonalization) tend to correlate more highly with the main symptoms of major depression (sadness, lack of interest and lack of energy) than with each other. A combination of the HBI components Emotional Exhaustion, Helplessness, Inner Void and Tedium (adj.R2 = 0.92) explained more HBI_sum variance than the three “core” components (adj.R2 = 0.85) of burnout combined. Cronbach’s alpha for Emotional Exhaustion, Helplessness, Inner Void and Tedium combined was 0.90 compared to α = 0.54 for the combination of the three

  11. Depression-Burnout Overlap in Physicians.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter Wurm

    Full Text Available Whether burnout is a distinct phenomenon rather than a type of depression and whether it is a syndrome, limited to three "core" components (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and low personal accomplishment are subjects of current debate. We investigated the depression-burnout overlap, and the pertinence of these three components in a large, representative sample of physicians.In a cross-sectional study, all Austrian physicians were invited to answer a questionnaire that included the Major Depression Inventory (MDI, the Hamburg Burnout Inventory (HBI, as well as demographic and job-related parameters. Of the 40093 physicians who received an invitation, a total of 6351 (15.8% participated. The data of 5897 participants were suitable for analysis.Of the participants, 10.3% were affected by major depression. Our study results suggest that potentially 50.7% of the participants were affected by symptoms of burnout. Compared to physicians unaffected by burnout, the odds ratio of suffering from major depression was 2.99 (95% CI 2.21-4.06 for physicians with mild, 10.14 (95% CI 7.58-13.59 for physicians with moderate, 46.84 (95% CI 35.25-62.24 for physicians with severe burnout and 92.78 (95% CI 62.96-136.74 for the 3% of participants with the highest HBI_sum (sum score of all ten HBI components. The HBI components Emotional Exhaustion, Personal Accomplishment and Detachment (representing depersonalization tend to correlate more highly with the main symptoms of major depression (sadness, lack of interest and lack of energy than with each other. A combination of the HBI components Emotional Exhaustion, Helplessness, Inner Void and Tedium (adj.R2 = 0.92 explained more HBI_sum variance than the three "core" components (adj.R2 = 0.85 of burnout combined. Cronbach's alpha for Emotional Exhaustion, Helplessness, Inner Void and Tedium combined was 0.90 compared to α = 0.54 for the combination of the three "core" components.This study demonstrates the

  12. On the need to assess cancer risk in populations environmentally and occupationally exposed to virus and chemical agents in developing countries Sobre a necessidade de avaliação dos riscos de câncer em populações dos países em desenvolvimento expostas ambiental e ocupacionalmente a vírus e agentes químicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme Franco Netto

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Evidence exists that exposure to poultry oncogenic viruses may produce elevated cancer mortality in human populations, particularly excesses of cancer of lung and excesses of cancer of lymphopoietic tissues. To date, this potential risk is unknown in populations from the developing countries. This paper suggests the need to assess cancer risk in populations of developing countries with reported environmental exposure to chicken meat products and eggs; the need to assess risk of cancer in populations inoculated with vaccines from infected chicken embryos; and the need to assess risk of cancer in occupational populations highly exposed to poultry oncogenic viruses, and with potential concurrent exposure to chemical agents known or suspected to be carcinogens.Existe evidência de que exposição a vírus oncogênicos de aves possa produzir elevada mortalidade de câncer em populações humanas, havendo particularmente excesso de câncer de pulmão e dos sistemas linfáticos e hemopoiéticos. Até o momento, esse risco potencial é desconhecido em populações dos países em desenvolvimento. Este manuscrito sugere a necessidade de avaliar o risco de câncer em populações dos países em desenvolvimento com sabida exposição a produtos avícolas e ovos; a necessidade de avaliar o risco de câncer em populações que foram inoculadas com vacinas desenvolvidas em embriões de aves contaminadas e a necessidade de avaliar o risco de câncer em populações de trabalhadores com grande exposição a vírus oncogênico de aves, e com potencial exposição simultânea a agentes químicos que são reconhecidos ou suspeitos carcinógenos.

  13. Burnout among Low and High Experienced Teachers

    OpenAIRE

    Seyedehhava Mousavy; Nur Sakinah Thomas; Jayakaran Mukundan; Vahid Nimehchisalem

    2012-01-01

    Burnout is a serious psychological syndrome that can affect not only an individual’s well-being, but also the functioning of whole organisations, such as schools. It is characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and decreased personal accomplishment.The level of burnout among teachers in the field of education has a negative impact on student success. The present investigation examines the level of burn out among high and low experienced teachers. It focused on a group of Engli...

  14. Physician Burnout: Coaching a Way Out

    OpenAIRE

    Gazelle, Gail; Liebschutz, Jane M.; Riess, Helen

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRACT Twenty-five to sixty percent of physicians report burnout across all specialties. Changes in the healthcare environment have created marked and growing external pressures. In addition, physicians are predisposed to burnout due to internal traits such as compulsiveness, guilt, and self-denial, and a medical culture that emphasizes perfectionism, denial of personal vulnerability, and delayed gratification. Professional coaching, long utilized in the business world, provides a results-o...

  15. Physician Burnout: Coaching a Way Out

    OpenAIRE

    Gazelle, Gail; Liebschutz, Jane M.; Riess, Helen

    2014-01-01

    Twenty-five to sixty percent of physicians report burnout across all specialties. Changes in the healthcare environment have created marked and growing external pressures. In addition, physicians are predisposed to burnout due to internal traits such as compulsiveness, guilt, and self-denial, and a medical culture that emphasizes perfectionism, denial of personal vulnerability, and delayed gratification. Professional coaching, long utilized in the business world, provides a results-oriented a...

  16. Burnout in therapy radiographers in the UK

    OpenAIRE

    Probst, H; Griffiths., S; Adams, R; Hill, C

    2012-01-01

    The 2007 UK National Radiotherapy Advisory Group report indicated that the number and type of staff available is one of the “rate-limiting” steps in improving productivity in radiotherapy departments. Retaining well-trained, satisfied staff is key to meeting the objectives of the report; burnout is an important factor linked to satisfaction and attrition. The results of a survey measuring burnout in a sample of radiotherapists (therapy radiographers) are presented and considered against norms...

  17. THE BURNOUT SYNDROME PREVENTION AMONG SOCIAL WORKERS

    OpenAIRE

    POMYJOVÁ, Romana

    2007-01-01

    The theoretical part of this thesis is devoted to the definition of the burnout syndrome, its relation to social workers, causes of rise, the process and above all it deals with the prevention of the burnout syndrome. The practical part is specialized in the monitoring of prevention at the organization level. In the research four types of organizations are engaged: home for seniors, hospital, charity, detachment of social-legal protection of children. As a research method was used secondary a...

  18. Professional practice environment and burnout among nurses

    OpenAIRE

    Renata Cristina Gasparino; Edinêis de Brito Guirardello

    2015-01-01

    Objective: to evaluate the professional practice environment of nurses, their relationship with burnout syndrome and the differences among three institutions. Methods: a cross-sectional study developed at one secondary and two tertiary hospitals, with 278 nurses, who filled the Nursing Work Index Revised – Brazilian Version and the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Results: most of these nurses showed job satisfaction and good quality of health care, while few informed intentions to leave their jobs...

  19. Van burn-out naar bevlogenheid

    OpenAIRE

    Hoekx, Laura

    2015-01-01

    Het fenomeen burn-out is tegenwoordig niet meer uit de media weg te denken. Steeds meer mensen gaan ten onder aan werkstress en geraken opgebrand. Dat heeft niet alleen voor de persoon in kwestie negatieve gevolgen, zowel mentaal als lichamelijk, maar ook voor de organisatie. Een minder bekend en relatief nieuw begrip is bevlogenheid of engagement, de tegenhanger van burn-out. Bevlogen mensen zijn energiek, voelen zich betrokken bij de organisatie en kunnen lang en onvermoeibaar doorgaan met ...

  20. Differentiating Burnout from Depression: Personality Matters!

    OpenAIRE

    Melchers, Martin Christoph; Plieger, Thomas; Meermann, Rolf; Reuter, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Stress-related affective disorders have been identified as a core health problem of the twenty-first century. In the endeavor to identify vulnerability factors, personality has been discussed as a major factor explaining and predicting disorders like depression or burnout. An unsolved question is whether there are specific personality factors allowing differentiation of burnout from depression. The present study tested the relation between one of the most prominent, biological personality the...

  1. The Influence of Demographics on Job Burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Abdul Haque; Muhammad Shakeel Aslam

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the relationship of demographics and job burnout. Association of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, lack of accomplishment and overall job burnout with different demographics such as gender, age, marital status, qualification, work experience, salary structure and working hours was investigated in this study. A well-structured questionnaire was administered and data was collected from 406 bankers working in local private, local nationalized and foreign banks located ...

  2. Burnout in journalists: A systematic literature review

    OpenAIRE

    Jasmine B. MacDonald; Anthony J. Saliba; Gene Hodgins; Linda A. Ovington

    2016-01-01

    The present study aims to provide a concise, comprehensive, and systematic review of the quantitative literature relating to the experience of burnout in journalists of various specialties and mediums. The systematic review method adopted is that prescribed by Fink (2010), which contains three main elements: Sampling the literature, screening the literature, and extracting data. Results indicate that journalists most at risk of burnout are females who are younger, with fewer years of journali...

  3. Athletes’ motivational needs regarding burnout and engagement

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez-Alvarado, Julio R.; Guillén García, Félix; Feltz, Deborah

    2016-01-01

    This study analyzed the relationships between the basic motivational needs, burnout and engagement in soccer players with the aim of finding an explanation for why these athletes stay engaged or burnout. Participants were 227 male Spanish third division soccer players between the ages of 18 and 32 (M = 23.36; SD = 3.63), who completed questionnaires measuring perceived autonomy, perceived competence and the need for relatedness in order to examine basic motivational needs. Athletes also compl...

  4. Depression-Burnout Overlap in Physicians

    OpenAIRE

    Walter Wurm; Katrin Vogel; Anna Holl; Christoph Ebner; Dietmar Bayer; Sabrina Mörkl; Istvan-Szilard Szilagyi; Erich Hotter; Hans-Peter Kapfhammer; Peter Hofmann

    2016-01-01

    Background Whether burnout is a distinct phenomenon rather than a type of depression and whether it is a syndrome, limited to three “core” components (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and low personal accomplishment) are subjects of current debate. We investigated the depression-burnout overlap, and the pertinence of these three components in a large, representative sample of physicians. Methods In a cross-sectional study, all Austrian physicians were invited to answer a questionnaire ...

  5. Burnout among Low and High Experienced Teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyedehhava Mousavy

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Burnout is a serious psychological syndrome that can affect not only an individual’s well-being, but also the functioning of whole organisations, such as schools. It is characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and decreased personal accomplishment.The level of burnout among teachers in the field of education has a negative impact on student success. The present investigation examines the level of burn out among high and low experienced teachers. It focused on a group of English teachers from different nationalities: Iranian, and Malaysian at UPM to examine if there is any relation between burnout and experience level. The sample consisted of 30 English teachers. Two instruments namely, The Maslach Burnout Inventory and Demographic Questionnaire were used to collect data. Data analysis revealed that there is no significant difference in depersonalization and personal accomplishment scores between low and high experienced teachers. But the result of this study also revealed that there is a significant difference in Emotional Exhaustion scores between low and high experienced teachers. Further research is required to explore the roots and the causes of burnout.Keywords: teacher burnout, emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, personal accomplishment

  6. Using the Maslach Burnout Inventory among dentists: burnout measurement and trends.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brake, J.H.M. te; Bouman, A.M.; Gorter, R.C.; Hoogstraten, J.; Eijkman, M.A.J.

    2008-01-01

    Objectives: To extend our knowledge about the applicability of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) among dentists and to investigate trends in burnout risk among dental professionals. Methods: The structure of the MBI is examined among two independent, representative samples of dentists (n = 493 and

  7. Using the Maslach Burnout Inventory among dentists: burnout measurement and trends

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.H.M. te Brake; A.M. Bouman; R.C. Gorter; J. Hoogstraten; M.A.J. Eijkman

    2008-01-01

    Objectives: To extend our knowledge about the applicability of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) among dentists and to investigate trends in burnout risk among dental professionals. Methods: The structure of the MBI is examined among two independent, representative samples of dentists (n = 493 and

  8. Equivalência de dulçor e poder edulcorante de edulcorantes em função da temperatura de consumo em bebidas preparadas com chá-mate em pó solúvel Equi-sweetness and sweetening power of different sweetening agents in differents temperatures of consumption of tea drink in soluble power

    OpenAIRE

    Juliana Maria Porto Cardoso; Juliana Rosa Battochio; Helena Maria André Bolini Cardello

    2004-01-01

    No presente estudo foi verificado o efeito da temperatura de consumo na equivalência de doçura e no poder edulcorante de diferentes agentes adoçantes em bebida de chá-mate em pó solúvel. Foram avaliados: aspartame, sucralose, mistura ciclamato/sacarina 2:1, Stevia e acessulfame-K, tendo como referência a sacarose. Todos os estudos foram realizados a 6±2ºC e a 45±2ºC. Primeiramente foi determinada a doçura ideal, utillizando-se escala do ideal com 30 provadores consumidores da be...

  9. Yoga as a Burnout Preventative for Psychology Graduate Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marquez, Genevive

    2011-01-01

    Psychology graduate students experience unique stressors resulting from academic tasks and regular exposure to emotional distress (Stratton, Kellaway, & Rottini, 2007). Pervasive stress may eventually lead to burnout: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment (Maslach, 1986). Burnout impinges on academic…

  10. Equivalent properties of single event burnout induced by different sources

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Shi-Yu; CAO Zhou; DA Dao-An; XUE Yu-Xiong

    2009-01-01

    The experimental results of single event burnout induced by heavy ions and 252Cf fission fragments in power MOSFET devices have been investigated. It is concluded that the characteristics of single event burnout induced by 252Cf fission fragments is consistent to that in heavy ions. The power MOSFET in the "turn-off" state is more susceptible to single event burnout than it is in the "turn-on" state. The thresholds of the drain-source voltage for single event burnout induced by 173 MeV bromine ions and 252Cf fission fragments are close to each other, and the burnout cross section is sensitive to variation of the drain-source voltage above the threshold of single event burnout. In addition, the current waveforms of single event burnouts induced by different sources are similar. Different power MOSFET devices may have different probabilities for the occurrence of single event burnout.

  11. Equivalent properties of single event burnout induced by different sources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The experimental results of single event burnout induced by heavy ions and 252Cf fission fragments in power MOSFET devices have been investigated. It is concluded that the characteristics of single event burnout induced by 252Cf fission fragments is consistent to that in heavy ions. The power MOSFET in the 'turn-off' state is more susceptible to single event burnout than it is in the 'turn-on' state. The thresholds of the drain-source voltage for single event burnout induced by 173 MeV bromine ions and 252Cf fission fragments are close to each other, and the burnout cross section is sensitive to variation of the drain-source voltage above the threshold of single event burnout. In addition, the current waveforms of single event burnouts induced by different sources are similar. Different power MOSFET devices may have different probabilities for the occurrence of single event burnout. (authors)

  12. Síndrome de Burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Lachiner Saborío Morales; Luis Fernando Hidalgo Murillo

    2015-01-01

    El síndrome de Burnout fue declarado en el año 2000 por la Organización Mundial de la Salud como un factor de riesgo laboral por su capacidad para afectar la calidad de vida, salud mental e incluso hasta poner en riesgo la vida. Su definición no se encuentra en el DSM-V, ni en el CIE 10, pero usualmente se describe como una forma inadecuada de afrontar el estrés crónico, cuyos rasgos principales son el agotamiento emocional, la despersonalización y la disminución del desempeño personal. En Co...

  13. Burnout syndrome and analytical hypnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolusson, Susanna

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The author aims to discuss her experience that patients with Burnout syndromes need to recover in a unique individualised relational therapy and that they need a slower pace than national authorities are implementing through contemporary national guidelines for health and care systems. The author reviews published definitions of the syndrome and then presents two cases to illustrate the principle of finding the patients’ own resources, the value of exploring the history of their drive to achieve and also how to utilize resistance as information about defenses and their functions. She uses hypnosis, hypnoanalysis and ego state imagery as a tool for finding the patients’ pace, needs and unique ways for recovery.

  14. Physics of Incandescent Lamp Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gluck, Paul; King, John

    2008-01-01

    Incandescent lamps with tungsten filaments have been in use for about a century while being gradually replaced by fluorescent lamps; in another generation both will quite probably be largely replaced by light-emitting diodes. Incandescent lamps (simply called lamps in what follows) burn out after a lifetime that depends mostly on the temperature of the filament and hence the applied voltage. A full-term project (about 100 hours) on lamp burnout was carried out by two students in 1965 and has been briefly described. Many aspects of the physics of lamps have been dealt with in articles that have appeared in this journal, in the American Journal of Physics, and in Physics Education.2,3

  15. Expressão em Escherichia coli de antigénios do Cell fusing agent virus (Flaviviridae: Flavivirus) como proteína de fusão

    OpenAIRE

    Marques, Sandra Eugénia Leite

    2012-01-01

    RESUMO: O Cell Fusing Agent Vírus (CFAV), considerado como o primeiro “flavivírus específicos de insectos” (ISF), parece estar exclusivamente adaptado aos seus hospedeiros, não replicando em células de vertebrados. Apesar de ter sido identificado há mais de três décadas (1975), a verdade é que muito pouco se conhece sobre a sua biologia. Dado o seu parentesco filogenético com alguns outros flavivírus encontrados naturalmente em mosquitos de diferentes géneros colhidos em difere...

  16. Psychosocial stress and minor psychiatric disorders among Agentes Socioeducadores Estrés psicosocial y disturbios psíquicos menores en agentes socio-educadores Estresse psicossocial e distúrbios psíquicos menores em agentes socioeducadores

    OpenAIRE

    Patrícia Bitencourt Toscani Greco; Tânia Solange Bosi de Souza Magnago; Luis Felipe Dias Lopes; Andrea Prochnow; Juliana Petri Tavares; Natieli Cavalheiro Viero

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: to ascertain the association between psychosocial stress and the occurrence of Minor Psychiatric Disorders in agentes socioeducadores. METHOD: a cross-sectional study with 381 agentes socioeducadores from the Centros de Atendimento Socioeducativo in the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul, in 2011. Brazilian versions of the social demand-control-support at work scale were used, and of the Self Reporting Questionnaire-20. RESULTS: the prevalence of minor psychiatric disorders was 5...

  17. Strengthening positive interpersonal relationships at work: An antidote for burnout

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CORALIA SULEA

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Burnout is an important phenomenon for organizations and employees associated with negative outcomes. Key organizational areas, like fairness and workplace community, are responsible for employee burnout. This editorial argues for the importance of workplace community and presents the mechanisms through which dysfunctional relationships at work may contribute to burnout, as well as the processes that explain how healthy interpersonal relationships can be an antidote for burnout.

  18. Nurses’ Burnout in Oncology Hospital Critical Care Unit

    OpenAIRE

    Yeliz İrem Tunçel; Menşure Kaya; Rukiye Neslihan Kuru; Saadet Menteş; Süheyla Ünver

    2014-01-01

    Objective: Burnout is common in intensive care units (ICU) because of high demands and difficult working conditions. The aim of this study was to analyse nurses’ burnout in our oncology ICU and to determine which factors are associated with. Material and Method: The study was carried out in Ankara Oncology Hospital ICU. A self- reporting questionnaire in an envelope was used for the evaluation of burnout (Turkish- language version of Maslach Burnout Inventory) and depression (Beck Depressi...

  19. Side effects of being tired : burnout among Swedish sport coaches

    OpenAIRE

    Lundkvist, Erik

    2015-01-01

    Burnout is a psychological concept that have got much attention since it was first defined in the middle of the 1970s. Although the definition of burnout differ there is consensus about exhaustion as the most important part of the concept. Burnout have also been in focus in sport psychology research. Mostly athletes have been studied but interest the coach profession have also been of interest. Research on coach burnout have mostly been directed towards demographic variables, organizational i...

  20. The person-oriented approach to burnout : A systematic review

    OpenAIRE

    Mäkikangas, Anne; KINNUNEN, Ulla

    2016-01-01

    The variable-oriented approach has dominated empirical burnout research, but during the last 10 years a person-oriented approach to burnout has also become common. The aim of this systematic literature review was to identify, categorize and evaluate the empirical research to date that has adopted a personoriented approach to burnout. The results of these studies were then compared with those generated by variable-oriented burnout research. An electronic search of seven databases w...

  1. Burnout als Ausdruck von Kritik an sich wandelnden Strukturen

    OpenAIRE

    Nötling, Katrin

    2014-01-01

    "In diesem Artikel soll anhand von Ausschnitten aus Interviews mit Burnout-Betroffenen und Beobachtungsprotokollen von öffentlichen Informationsveranstaltungen zu Burnout aufgezeigt werden, wie die unterschiedlichen Akteure über die Thematisierung von Burnout eine Alltagskritik üben. Diese Alltagskritik ist auf der Ebene der Arbeitswelt, der Ebene handlungsleitender Strukturen und der Ebene der Zeit zu finden. Über Burnout werden somit zentrale Elemente des gesellschaftlichen Wandels zum Obje...

  2. Burnout in boiling heat transfer. part I: pool boiling systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent experimental and analytical developments in pool-boiling burnout are reviewed, and results are summarized that clarify the dependence of critical heat flux on heater geometry and fluid properties. New analytical interpretations of burnout are discussed, and the effects of surface condition, aging, acceleration, and transient heating (or cooling) are described. The relation of sound to burnout and new techniques for stabilizing electric heaters at burnout are also considered

  3. Reciprocal burnout model: Interconnectedness of interpersonal and intrapersonal factors

    OpenAIRE

    Andreja Pšeničny

    2007-01-01

    Burnout can be described as chronic state of extreme psychophysical and emotional exhaustion. Burning out is a stage process consisting of: the stage of exhaustion, the stage of captivity and the final stage – adrenal burnout. Adrenal burnout syndrome (ABS) is the final stage of burning out process, resulting in a functional blocade of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis which causes secondary cortisol insufficiency. Even though they share similar symptoms, burnout and depression are tw...

  4. Prevalence of burnout in a sample of Brazilian teachers

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro R. Gil-Monte; Mary Sandra Carlotto; Sheila Gonçalves Câmara

    2011-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Burnout is a psychological response to chronic work-related stress of an interpersonal and emotional nature. Brazilian law have already contemplated burnout syndrome as a mental and behavioural disorder related to work. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of burnout in a sample of Brazilian teachers. Methods: The sample was composed of 714 teachers from 8 schools in Porto Alegre and its metropolitan area (Brazil). The levels of burnout were evaluate...

  5. Burnout syndrome in physical therapists – Demographic and organizational factors

    OpenAIRE

    Urszula Pustułka-Piwnik; Zdzisław Jan Ryn; Łukasz Krzywoszański; Joanna Stożek

    2014-01-01

    Background: Professional burnout results from prolonged exposure to chronic, job-related stressors. According to Christina Maslach, professional burnout is a syndrome of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment. Literature includes a number of reports on burnout syndrome within health service, but hardly ever do they make any references to physiotherapists. The purpose of this study is assessment of the level of professional burnout in a group of physiothera...

  6. Occupational stress and burnout syndrome in police officers

    OpenAIRE

    Ogińska-Bulik, Nina

    2003-01-01

    The aim of the study was to establish: 1) the relationship between stress at work and burnout syndrome in group of police officers, 2) what is the level of burnout depending on the level of perceived stress at work, 3) predictors of burnout syndrome in policemen. 277 police officers were examined. The mean of age was: 35 years. The Perceived Job Stress Characteristics Questionnaire and Maslach Burnout Inventory were used in the study. Positive relationship between stress at wor...

  7. Identificação de agentes infecciosos pulmonares em autópsias de pacientes com a síndrome da imunodeficiência adquirida Identification of infectious agents in the lungs in autopsies of patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanivia Aparecida de Lima Pereira

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available As afecções pulmonares são freqüentes em indivíduos infectados pelo vírus da imunodeficiência humana. Neste trabalho, procurou-se identificar através de histoquímica e imunohistoquímica, agentes infecciosos nos pulmões de indivíduos portadores da síndrome da imunodeficiência adquirida (SIDA, autopsiados entre março de 1990 e julho de 2000 na FMTM. Fragmentos de pulmão de 40 indivíduos com SIDA autopsiados foram analisados histologicamente. Foram identificados agentes infecciosos em 34 (85% casos dos 40 analisados, sendo que bactérias foram encontradas em 22 (55% casos. Entre os agentes fúngicos o Pneumocystis carinii foi encontrado em oito (19,1% casos; Cryptococcus sp em quatro (9,5%, Histoplasma sp em dois (4,8% e Candida sp em um (2,4% caso. Detectou-se também associação entre Pneumocystis carinii, Citomegalovirus e Cryptococcus sp; CMV e Toxoplasma gondii. Em cinco casos, Candida sp, CMV e Pneumocystis carinii estiveram associados a bactérias. Entre as infecções não bacterianas, os fungos foram os agentes infecciosos mais isolados dos pulmões em autópsias de indivíduos com SIDA, sendo o Pneumocystis carinii o mais freqüente.Lung diseases are frequently observed in individuals infected with HIV. The aim of this study was to identify infectious agents in the lungs in the autopsied individuals with AIDS performed between march 1990 and july 2000 at the school of medicine (Uberaba- Brazil, using histochemical and immunohistochemical techniques. Analysis was made on lungs obtained from 40 individuals with AIDS. Infectious agents were observed in 34 (85% cases of the 40 analyzed. Regarding fungis, Pneumocystis carinii was found in 8 (19.1%cases; Cryptococcus sp in 4 (9.5%cases, Histoplasma sp in 2 (4.8%cases and Candida sp in 1 (2.4%case. Association of Pneumocystis carinii, Citomegalovirus and Cryptococcus sp, was observed in one case, and in another, the association of CMV, and Toxoplasma gondii. There were 5 cases

  8. The Relationship Between Burnout and Occupational Stress in Genetic Counselors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnstone, Brittney; Kaiser, Amy; Injeyan, Marie C; Sappleton, Karen; Chitayat, David; Stephens, Derek; Shuman, Cheryl

    2016-08-01

    Burnout represents a critical disruption in an individual's relationship with work, resulting in a state of exhaustion in which one's occupational value and capacity to perform are questioned. Burnout can negatively affect an individual's personal life, as well as employers in terms of decreased work quality, patient/client satisfaction, and employee retention. Occupational stress is a known contributor to burnout and occurs as a result of employment requirements and factors intrinsic to the work environment. Empirical research examining genetic counselor-specific burnout is limited; however, existing data suggests that genetic counselors are at increased risk for burnout. To investigate the relationship between occupational stress and burnout in genetic counselors, we administered an online survey to members of three genetic counselor professional organizations. Validated measures included the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (an instrument measuring burnout on three subscales: exhaustion, cynicism, and professional efficacy) and the Occupational Stress Inventory-Revised (an instrument measuring occupational stress on 14 subscales). Of the 353 respondents, more than 40 % had either considered leaving or left their job role due to burnout. Multiple regression analysis yielded significant predictors for burnout risk. The identified sets of predictors account for approximately 59 % of the variance in exhaustion, 58 % of the variance in cynicism, and 43 % of the variance in professional efficacy. Our data confirm that a significant number of genetic counselors experience burnout and that burnout is correlated with specific aspects of occupational stress. Based on these findings, practice and research recommendations are presented. PMID:27228983

  9. Reciprocal burnout model: Interconnectedness of interpersonal and intrapersonal factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreja Pšeničny

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Burnout can be described as chronic state of extreme psychophysical and emotional exhaustion. Burning out is a stage process consisting of: the stage of exhaustion, the stage of captivity and the final stage – adrenal burnout. Adrenal burnout syndrome (ABS is the final stage of burning out process, resulting in a functional blocade of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis which causes secondary cortisol insufficiency. Even though they share similar symptoms, burnout and depression are two different types of disorder. They differ mainly in basic cortisol levels and self-esteem. Researchers tend to link the burnout syndrome and environmental stress (interpersonal causes. Recently, some of them found connection between burnout syndrome and personality traits (intrapersonal causes. Reciprocal burnout model links both causes. It shows that in the same circumstances only a few people suffer from adrenal burnout syndrome. It states that personal characteristics are one of the main causes why people suffering from burnout syndrome enroll in nonreciprocal personal and professional relations. Socialization process plays an important role in development of personality traits. The core of the reciprocal burnout model consists of one's attitude towards his or her basic needs' fulfillment, personal system of values, and correlation between fulfillment of basic needs (energy accumulation and burning out process (energy consumption. Reciprocal burnout model is opening a series of questions, concerning the connection between personality traits, life satisfaction and personal values, and burnout syndrome risk behavior, as well as the influence of whole life circumstances on burning out process.

  10. The Effects of Burnout on Organizational Commitment in Logistics Sector

    OpenAIRE

    Dursun Yener; Kader Oskaybaş; Tolga Dursun

    2014-01-01

    Burnout is a psychological syndrome that reduces people’s motivation, job satisfaction and organizational commitment. People whose jobs are related with human interaction are usually exposed to burnout. In the literature, three dimensions of burnout were defined as emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment. In this study antecedents (cynicism, role ambiguity, role conflict and organizational justice) and consequences (jo...

  11. Burnout: A Major Problem for the Teaching Profession.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gold, Yvonne

    1984-01-01

    Discusses current definitions of burnout and need for a common definition. Reviews factors responsible for burnout. Presents several solutions. Concludes that much research was based on untested assumptions. Indicates need for objective measurement of teachers' identification with the concept of burnout and dysfunctional personal and professional…

  12. Burnout? Mid-Life Crisis? Let's Understand Ourselves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardinell, Charles F.

    1981-01-01

    Definitions are provided which permit an analysis of stress, career burnout, and mid-life professional crises among teachers. Burnout is defined as the mid-career deterioration of job performance. Observation of teacher burnout symptoms shows that many teachers lose commitment to the profession as their careers develop. (JN)

  13. Factors Affecting Role Stress and Burnout among School Counselors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willingham, Wendy Elizabeth

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine factors affecting role stress and burnout among practicing school counselors as measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators Survey (MBI-ES) and the Role Conflict and Ambiguity Scale. The MBI-ES utilizes three subscales to measure burnout: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal…

  14. Teacher Burnout and Job Satisfaction among Agricultural Education Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chenevey, Jamie L.; Ewing, John C.; Whittington, M. Susie

    2008-01-01

    The demands on teachers both in and out of classrooms combined with increased budget cuts have led many to question the levels of job satisfaction and burnout among agricultural education teachers. The purpose of this study was to describe the occurrence of burnout and the level at which burnout exists among agricultural education teachers in…

  15. Investigation of Burnout among Instructors Working at ESOGU Preparatory School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özkanal, Ümit; Arikan, Nadire

    2010-01-01

    Burnout is an issue to be taken seriously in the workplaces where human interaction is salient and very important. The aim of the research is to investigate burnout among the instructors working at ESOGU preparatory school and find out what factors affect their levels of burnout. 28 instructors working in this institution participated in the…

  16. 16 CFR 1507.6 - Burnout and blowout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Burnout and blowout. 1507.6 Section 1507.6... FIREWORKS DEVICES § 1507.6 Burnout and blowout. The pyrotechnic chamber in fireworks devices shall be constructed in a manner to allow functioning in a normal manner without burnout or blowout....

  17. Self-Efficacy and Burnout in Professional School Counselors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunduz, Bulent

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the relationships between burnout and self-efficacy among school counselors. Also, the level of their burnout and self-efficacy was examined in terms of the social support, task perception and the number of students. A sample of 194 school counselors filled out the Maslach Burnout Inventory, The School Counselors…

  18. A Study of the Factors Leading English Teachers to Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cephe, Pasa Tevfik

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports a research study carried out on teacher burnout with a group of English instructors (N=44) in order to identify the major factor(s) leading instructors to burnout at various levels. A survey research model was first applied to find out the instructors (N=37) with a burnout problem and categorize them at different levels of…

  19. Diversidade fenotípica e patogênica de Colletotrichum, agente causal da antracnose em mangueira, e identificação de espécie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I.M.R.S. Serra

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve como objetivo estudar a diversidade fenotípica e patogênica de 40 isolados de Colletotrichum obtidos de mangueira no Nordeste do Brasil e identificar diferentes espécies desse fitopatógeno, agente causal de antracnose, através da análise da seqüência da região ITS do rDNA. Quanto à caracterização morfológica e cultural, as colônias dos isolados apresentaram diversidade em relação à cor e aspecto, sendo mais comum à cor branco-cinza, característica de Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. Não foram observadas variações expressivas na morfologia dos 40 isolados. Os conídios apresentaram-se, predominantemente, hialinos e unicelulares, com formato variando de bastonete para cilíndrico. Todos os isolados produziram apressórios variados em formato e quantidade e apenas 10 isolados apresentaram setas. Para efeito do crescimento micelial e taxa de crescimento foi possível classificar os isolados em sete grupos. Vinte e dois isolados exibiram taxa de crescimento >10mm/dia, considerada típica da espécie C. gloeosporioides. Os isolados foram patogênicos em folhas destacadas de mangueira, induzindo sintomas de antracnose, na forma de manchas escuras levemente deprimidas, e apresentando variações quanto à agressividade. Na identificação específica, baseada na análise da seqüência ITS do DNA ribossomal, 36 isolados amplificaram com o oligonucleotídeos CgInt, específico para C. gloeosporioides e o ITS4, Os isolados CM1, CM4, CM5 e CM10, não amplificaram produtos para nenhum dos oligonucleotídeos específicos, sendo identificados como Colletotrichum spp. Os resultados desse trabalho demonstraram que isolados de Colletotrichum, obtidos de mangueira, apresentam ampla variabilidade morfofisiológica e patogênica. E que, possivelmente, existe mais de uma espécie de Colletotrichum que causa antracnose em mangueira no Nordeste do Brasil.

  20. Burnout and engagement of reformed church ministers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chenelle Buys

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: The ministry is one occupation where burnout is increasingly considered to be a consequence of the problems with which ministers have to cope. However, few studies focused on the positive antipode of a minister’s work.Research purpose: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of job-demands and job-resources on ministers’ burnout and engagement. Congregational commitment and health were included as possible consequences of burnout and engagement.Motivation for the study: Ministers’ well-being has become an important topic for both researchers and practitioners.Research design, approach and method: A survey design with a non-probability, purposive voluntary sample of 115 ministers was used. The Job-Demands–Resources Questionnaire, Maslach Burnout Inventory, Work Engagement Scale, General Health Questionnaire, and Congregational Commitment Scale were administered.Main findings: Regression analysis indicated that the pace, amount of work and emotional demands were indicators of burnout while growth opportunities, social support and job significance were indicators of engagement. Furthermore, it was found that exhaustion predicted somatic symptoms and depression, while mental distance predicted depression. Engagement predicted social functioning and affective commitment.Practical implications: Interventions should be implemented to help ministers deal more effectively with any burnout symptoms experienced in order to prevent ministers who are already showing signs of burnout from getting sick to increase their engagement and to rehabilitate individuals who are ill as a result of the work place.Contribution: The study contributes to knowledge regarding the effects of job-demands and resources on the well-being of ministers.

  1. Diversidade fenotípica e patogênica de Colletotrichum, agente causal da antracnose em mangueira, e identificação de espécie

    OpenAIRE

    I.M.R.S. Serra; R.S.B. Coelho; G.M.G. Ferraz; A.V.V. Montarroyos; D.S. Silva

    2011-01-01

    O presente trabalho teve como objetivo estudar a diversidade fenotípica e patogênica de 40 isolados de Colletotrichum obtidos de mangueira no Nordeste do Brasil e identificar diferentes espécies desse fitopatógeno, agente causal de antracnose, através da análise da seqüência da região ITS do rDNA. Quanto à caracterização morfológica e cultural, as colônias dos isolados apresentaram diversidade em relação à cor e aspecto, sendo mais comum à cor branco-cinza, característica de Colletotrichum gl...

  2. Caracterização por FT-IR de agentes de cura utilizados em resinas epoxídicas-II-polimercaptana, poliaminoamida e amina modificada Characterization by FT-IR of curing agents used in epoxy resins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benedita M. V. Romão

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available Amostras de resina epoxídica (EP curadas com compostos à base depolimercaptana (SH, SH na presença de poliamino amida, e amina modificada, constituindo, respectivamente, os sistemas epoxídicos (SE 1, 2 e 3, foram preparadas segundo condições estabelecidas pelas curvas de calorimetria exploratória diferencial (DSC de EP e agentes de cura, ou endurecedores (AC e analisadas, antes e após preparação do SE, por espectroscopia no infravermelho com transformada de Fourier (FT-IR por meio de técnicas de transmissão (pastilha de KBr, pirólise por bico de Bunsen, e pirólisecontrolada (CONTROLPIR/FT-IR dentro da faixa de temperatura fornecida pela análise termogravimétrica (TG dos SE 1, 2 e 3, para a caracterização de cada AC. Para tal fim, as absorções FT-IR do pirolisado líquido obtido pela metodologia CONTROLPIR/FT-IR foram avaliadas, em comparação ao espectro do AC de referência. A caracterização dos agentes de cura foi feita com a técnica TG/FT-IR do gás liberado de cada SE, em comparação ao espectro de referência do produto de degradação do respectivo AC.Samples of epoxy resin (EP cured with polymercaptans (SH, SH in presence of polyamine amide, and polyamine modified compounds , respectively, SE 1,2 and 3, were prepared according to established conditions by DSC analysis of EP and curing agent (AC or hardeners, and analyzed by FT-IR transmission techniques (KBr pellets, uncontroled pyrolysis and controled pyrolysis-FT-IR (CONTROLPIR/FT-IR, in the temperature range found from TG analysis of SE 1,2 and 3, for characterizing the AC. The FT-IR absorptions of liquid pyrolysate obtained by CONTROLPIR/FT-IR were evaluated, in comparison to reference spectrum of AC The characterization of hardeners was also possible by the analysis of each SE with TG/FT-IR technique, in comparison to the reference spectrum of degradation product for each AC used.

  3. Design and Implementation of Energy Management System Based on Multi-Agent Smart Micro-grid%基于多 Agent 的智能微电网 EMS 设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方跃胜; 姚宏亮

    2014-01-01

    With the gradual arrival of the era of intelligent , smart micro-grid power system technology has became the development of cutting-edge technology .Smart Micro-Grid will be a mainstream direction of the development of the grid in future , EMS ( energy management system ) is coral of the whole system .An im-proved architecture system and some functional modules of the smart micro-grid EMS is proposed in this paper , function and interaction of the component modules are introduced simply .Energy management system based on multi-agent smart micro-grid can take advantage of the rich over the clean and renewable energy , using multi-agent system for real-time monitoring of energy change and early warning , by Client/Server collaboration scheduling and control maintenance levels steady , full of energy to achieve reliable use .%随着智能时代的逐步到来,智能微电网技术已经成为电力系统发展的前沿技术。智能微电网作为未来电网发展的主流方向,能量管理系统是整个系统的核心。本文提出了一套较为完善的智能微电网EMS体系结构和功能模块,并对各模块涵盖的内容进行了简单介绍。设计开发的基于多Agent的智能微电网EMS可充分地利用各地丰富的清洁可再生能源,实施多Agent对能量变化的实时监控和预警,通过Agent Client/Server间的协作调度与控制维持电平的平稳,实现能源的充分、可靠地利用。

  4. Estratégia de apoio em saúde mental aos agentes comunitários de saúde de Salvador-BA Strategy for supporting community health agents in mental health actions in Salvador-BA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiane Batista da Silva

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo descreve uma intervenção de apoio matricial, modelo de integração do cuidado em saúde mental na Estratégia de Saúde da Família (ESF, a partir de suporte técnico-pedagógico e retaguarda especializada à equipe de referência, cuja atuação permite que os sujeitos sejam cuidados na dinâmica do seu próprio território. OBJETIVO: relatar experiência de apoio matricial junto aos Agentes Comunitários de Saúde no bairro de Saramandaia (Salvador, Bahia que buscou formular novas formas de relação entre saúde mental e saúde da família. PROCEDIMENTOS METODOLÓGICOS: A experiência resultou de uma pesquisa, intitulada "Construção social da aprendizagem em saúde mental e saúde da família" e dos contatos com a equipe; nela foram respeitados três cuidados essenciais da pesquisa qualitativa: aprovação pelo comitê de ética, anonimato e resguardo do uso abusivo do poder na relação entre pesquisador e participantes. Para o matriciamento, foram realizadas reuniões teóricas, discussão de casos e visitas domiciliares. RESULTADOS: O apoio matricial propiciou a construção coletiva de saberes em saúde mental, garantiu espaço de cuidado aos Agentes Comunitários de Saúde e fomentou a construção de redes do cotidiano, estimulando a articulação entre saúde mental e saúde da família de forma a favorecer o exercício da cidadania e a autonomia dos sujeitos sobre sua própria saúde.This paper describes an intervention offering matrix support, a model for integrating mental health care in Family Health Strategy (FHS. In this model, technical-pedagogical and specialized services are offered to the primary care team, helping them to provide care to the patients in the dynamics of their own territory. OBJECTIVE: To report the experience of offering matrix support to Community Health Agents in the district of Saramandaia (Salvador, Bahia, which tried to formulate new possible relations between mental health and family

  5. Getting Personal with Teacher Burnout: A Longitudinal Study on the Development of Burnout Using a Person-Based Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hultell, Daniel; Melin, Bo; Gustavsson, J. Petter

    2013-01-01

    Studies have suggested that teachers' burnout levels are stable over time. This might be because longitudinal studies on burnout have mainly used a variable-based approach. The purpose of this study was to determine if a person-based approach could provide a more multifaceted perspective to the development of teacher burnout. 816 beginning…

  6. Práticas emergentes em psicologia: atuação com agentes comunitários de saúde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Staliano, Pamela

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Nas últimas décadas, constatam-se iniciativas visando ampliar a atuação em saúde pública, incluindo-se ações de natureza comunitária. Considerando o interesse destas práticas emergentes, realizou-se um levantamento dos Trabalhos de Conclusão de Curso (TCCs sobre intervenções com Agentes Comunitários de Saúde (ACSs, do Município de Campo Grande, MS. A análise apontou que os objetivos norteadores das propostas são sensibilizar para promoção e prevenção em saúde e estimular troca de experiências. Destacam-se o uso de técnicas de dinâmica de grupo e metodologias participativas. Os temas mais abordados envolvem relacionamento interpessoal, comunicação, auto-estima, desvalorização profissional, rotina de trabalho, resolução de conflitos, integração, estresse, depressão e papel do ACSs. Verificou-se que a insuficiência na comunicação é percebida como um fator que compromete a implementação de práticas humanizadas em saúde. Também foram ressaltados entraves nas relações interpessoais com supervisores e gerentes e outros ACSs. Sugerem-se levantamentos semelhantes com o propósito de sistematizar e aperfeiçoar práticas existentes.

  7. Burnout syndrome in public service dentists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Bonafé

    Full Text Available Objective: to assesses the prevalence of the Burnout Syndrome in surgeon-dentists, from the public health service, and its association with variables of interest. Method: The study included a total of 60 professionals from the public health service in the city of Araraquara – SP, Brazil. A socio-demographic and labour questionnaire and the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI were used. Descriptive statistics and an association study, using the chi-square test, were applied. Results: A total of 60.0% of the participants were women and the mean age was of 41.9±7.6 years. Most professionals had a regular perception of their working conditions, facilities, materials and equipment. 20.0% of the individuals felt emotionally drained by work, 35.6% worn out at the end of a workday, 27.1% when waking up to face another day at work, and 17.2% often feel consumed by work. The prevalence of Burnout was of 16.7%. There was a significant association between high Burnout levels and the time working in public service (p=0.017, being the professionals with less than 10 years of experience the most affected ones. Conclusion: The onset of Burnout Syndrome in civil servants highlights the need for developing coping strategies especially aimed at professionals with less seniority.

  8. Entrepreneurial stressors as predictors of entrepreneurial burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Xueyan; Cang, Shuangxin; Hisrich, Robert D

    2015-02-01

    Research on the effects of entrepreneurial stressors is limited, especially regarding its relation to the burnout that frequently occurs in the process of starting and growing a venture. The effect of the role of entrepreneurial stressors (workload, competitive comparison, demands-of-knowledge, managing responsibility, and resource requirements) on burnout (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment) was examined in a Chinese sample of entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurial stressors emerged as a significant predictor of burnout in the process of entrepreneurship in a sample of 289 entrepreneurs (63.8% men; M age = 26.2 yr.; 39.6% of their parents have been self-employed). The findings clarify the functional relationship between entrepreneurial stressors and burnout. Entrepreneurial stressors played multiple roles. Managing responsibility was an active contributor to the sense of achievement and to emotional exhaustion. Workload was an active contributor to emotional exhaustion. Demands-of-knowledge negatively affected three of the dimensions of burnout. Theoretical and practical implications for management of the effect of these relationships are discussed. PMID:25621666

  9. The burnout syndrome on health care professionals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Polikandrioti

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Burnout syndrome is referred to the experience of exhaustion and diminished interest, that is manifested by the professionals usually in the work context. Health care proffesionals are often at high risk of burnout syndrome and job dissatisfaction. Burn-out syndrome consists a serious multidimensional phenomenon, because it can lead the professionals of health to psychosomatic problems, work-associated withdrawal behaviour and a lower quality of care. The aim of this review was to study the burn out syndrome of health care professionals. The method of this study included bibliography research from both the review and the research international literature, as well as to Greece and was referred to the "burn out syndrome". Results: Most studies focus on the role of work environment of health care professionals, as the main factor for the development of burn out syndrome, in combination with other factors such as personality, critically ill patients, and organizational structure and staff relationships. Furthermore, the results of this study showed the need for referral to an expert, who deals with emotional problems triggered by the daily contacts with patients and the staff nurse, in order to control the professional stress. Conclusively: Early recognition of burnout phenomenon contributes to better professional behaviour and better health care quality for patients. Health care professionals need knowledge and education about how to beat burnout syndrome.

  10. Leadership styles, emotion regulation, and burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, Kara A; Connelly, Catherine E; Walsh, Megan M; Ginis, Kathleen A Martin

    2015-10-01

    This study investigated the potential impact of leadership style on leaders' emotional regulation strategies and burnout. Drawing on the full-range model of leadership and Conservation of Resources (COR) theory, we tested whether transformational, contingent reward, management by exception-active and -passive, or laissez-faire leadership exert direct effects on leaders' reported use of surface acting, deep acting, and genuine emotion. In turn, we hypothesized and tested the indirect effect of leadership on burnout through surface acting. Three waves of data from 205 leaders were analyzed using OLS regression. Transformational leadership predicted deep acting and genuine emotion. Contingent reward predicted both surface and deep acting. Management by exception-active and -passive predicted surface acting, and laissez faire predicted genuine emotion. The indirect effects of management by exception-active and -passive on burnout through surface acting were not significant. Indirect effects of transformational leadership and laissez-faire on burnout through genuine emotion, however, were significant. This study provides empirical evidence for the hypothesized relationships between leadership style, emotion regulation, and burnout, and provides the basis for future research and theory building on this topic. PMID:25844908

  11. AN EXAMPLE FOR BURNOUT: SPECIAL EDUCATION EDUCATOR?S BURNOUT LEVEL AND SOME VARIABLES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunseli GIRGIN

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Teaching profession is a strategic occupation in that it conributes to educating the adults of the future. However,depending on some stress sources related with the occupation teachers have a special risk for menthal health.Depending on literature, negative life events,loss of energy and formation of some physical discomfort is defined as?burnout sendrom?. With the belief that this group of teachers were closer to the risk of burnout because of the responsibilities they carry in relation with the needs of the special education children the aim of the study was to investigate the burnout syndrome of special education teachers in relation with their sex, age, socio-economic status, perceived support from collegues, beliefs on status of their occupation, and appreciation from their administors. The sample of this study consists of 48 special education teachers teaching at different special education institutes at Izmir. Maslach Burnout Inventory-Teacher Form and Personal Information Survey were used for gathering the data. The analysis of the data demonstrated that sex is positively related with special education teachers emotional burnout and insensitiveness level. Men have higher scores in these subdimensions. Participants from middle socio-economic status are seen to have the lowest scores in all dimensions. Participants that perceive support from collegues are seen to have significantly lower scores on emotional burnout and insensitiveness dimensions. Special education teachers who think that the status of their occupation is low in society are seen to have higher scores in emotional burnout. Beliefs about appreciation from their administors are seen to be related with burnout level of special education teachers. Participants that believed that they were not appreciated by their administrators have significantly higher scores on emotional burnout and insensitiveness subdimensions. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2005; 4(4.000: 172-187

  12. ITS-rDNA phylogeny of Colletotrichum spp. causal agent of apple Glomerella leaf spot Filogenia por ITS-rDNA de Colletotrichum spp., agente causal da mancha foliar da Gala em macieira

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diorvania Ribeiro Giaretta

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Several diseases have affected apple production, among them there is Glomerella leaf spot (GLS caused by Colletotrichum spp. The first report of this disease in apple was in plants nearby citrus orchards in São Paulo State, Brazil. The origin of this disease is still not clear, and studies based on the molecular phylogeny could relate the organisms evolutionarily and characterize possible mechanisms of divergent evolution. The amplification of 5.8S-ITS (Internal Transcribed Spacer of rDNA of 51 pathogenic Colletotrichum spp. isolates from apples, pineapple guava and citrus produced one fragment of approximately 600 bases pairs (bp for all the isolates analyzed. The amplified fragments were cleaved with restriction enzymes, and fragments from 90 to 500bp were obtained. The sequencing of this region allowed the generation of a phylogenetic tree, regardless of their hosts, and 5 isolated groups were obtained. From the "in silico" comparison, it was possible to verify a variation from 93 to 100% of similarity between the sequences studied and the Genbank data base. The causal agent of GLS is nearly related (clustered to isolates of pineapple guava and to the citrus isolates used as control.A produção de maçã vem sendo comprometida pela ocorrência de muitas doenças, entre as quais se destaca a Mancha Foliar de Glomerella (MFG, causada por Colletotrichum spp. O primeiro relato dessa doença em maçã foi registrado em plantas próximas a pomares de citrus no Estado de São Paulo, Brasil. A origem da MFG ainda não está bem clara, e estudos baseados na filogenia permitirão relacionar o organismo evolutivamente, possibilitando caracterizar possíveis mecanismos divergentes de evolução. A amplificação da região 5.8S-ITS (espaçador interno transcrito do rDNA de 51 isolados de Colletotrichum patogênicos em de maçã, goiabeira serrana e citrus produziu um fragmento de aproximadamente 600 pares de bases (pb para todos os isolados analisados

  13. The Effects of Burnout on Organizational Commitment in Logistics Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dursun Yener

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Burnout is a psychological syndrome that reduces people’s motivation, job satisfaction and organizational commitment. People whose jobs are related with human interaction are usually exposed to burnout. In the literature, three dimensions of burnout were defined as emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment. In this study antecedents (cynicism, role ambiguity, role conflict and organizational justice and consequences (job satisfaction, organizational commitment of burnout were determined in logistics sector which has never been analyzed before in Turkey. Sample size of the study was 420 and judgment sampling method was used. As a result, it was found that antecedents of burnout except organizational justice are positively correlated with burnout factors, and burnout is negatively correlated with its consequences

  14. Continuing medical education and burnout among Danish GPs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brøndt, Anders; Sokolowski, Ineta; Olesen, Frede;

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There has been minimal research into continuing medical education (CME) and its association with burnout among GPs. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between participating in CME and experiencing burnout in a sample of Danish GPs. DESIGN OF STUDY: Cross......-sectional questionnaire study. SETTING: All 458 active GPs in 2004, in the County of Aarhus, Denmark were invited to participate. METHOD: Data on CME activities were obtained for all GPs and linked to burnout which was measured using the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey. The relationship between CME...... activity and burnout was calculated as prevalence ratios (PR) in a generalised linear model. RESULTS: In total, 379 (83.5%) GPs returned the questionnaire. The prevalence of burnout was about 25%, and almost 3% suffered from 'high burnout'. A total of 344 (92.0%) GPs were members of a CME group or a...

  15. Rod bundle burnout data and correlation comparisons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rod bundle burnout data from 30 steady-state and 3 transient tests were obtained from experiments performed in the Thermal Hydraulic Test Facility at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The tests covered a parameter range relevant to intact core reactor accidents ranging from large break to small break loss-ofcoolant conditions. Instrumentation within the 64-rod test section indicated that burnout occurred over an axial range within the bundle. The distance from the point where the first dry rod was detected to the point where all rods were dry was up to 60 cm in some of the tests. The burnout data should prove useful in developing new correlations for use in reactor thermalhydraulic codes. Evaluation of several existing critical heat flux correlations using the data show that three correlations, the Barnett, Bowring, and Katto correlations, perform similarly and correlate the data better than the Biasi correlation

  16. Stress and Burnout Among Finnish Dairy Farmers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kallioniemi, Marja K; Simola, Ahti; Kaseva, Janne; Kymäläinen, Hanna-Riitta

    2016-01-01

    Psychosocial risks among farmers have increasingly been examined because of the ongoing changes in agriculture, such as restructuring of the industry, transition from family farming towards entrepreneurship, and climate change. The aims of the study were to determine the stressors, prevalence of stress and burnout, and variables associated with these symptoms among Finnish dairy farmers. In total 265 respondents completed a postal survey; their average age was 48 years, 44% were females and 56% males. The farms of the survey sample were larger (54 field hectares, 29 cows) than an average farm in Finland (37 hectares, 24 cows) in 2010. The most common stressors were external, such as "agricultural policy of the EU" (European Union) and "the treatment of farmers in society and the media." In addition, common stressors were related to farm and work, e.g., "amount of work," unpredictability, and "animal diseases." The prevalence of stress (42%) was found to have increased compared with earlier studies and was greater than among the general working population. All respondents as a group were classified as having slight symptoms of burnout, and one tenth (9%) of dairy farmers had experienced severe burnout. Stressors related to the workload and health were associated with stress and burnout symptoms. Also, a poor economic situation and loneliness were related to stress. Burnout correlated with a tie stall barn type and with a farm not being involved in the milk production record system. Factors protecting against burnout included positive features of the work and living environment. The study revealed changes during the past decade and new features of the well-being at work on dairy farms in Finland. PMID:27081893

  17. Past performance and future perspectives of burnout research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. B. Schaufeli

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available After a brief introduction on the history of burnout, this article reviews the past performance of burnout research by answering ten key-questions: (1 How can burnout be assessed?; (2 Is burnout limited to the human services?; (3 Is burnout a mental disorder; (4 What is the prevalence of burnout?; (5 Is burnout a global phenomenon?; (6 Is burnout relevant for organisations; (7 What are the causes of burnout?; (8 What are the consequences of burnout?; (9 How can burnout be explained?; (10 Are burnout interventions effective? In the concluding section a future research agenda is drafted on the bases of the answers given to the previous questions. This agenda includes such issues as the measurement and conceptualisation of burnout, mild and severe forms of burnout, epidemiological and cross-cultural perspectives, organisational outcomes, longitudinal investigations, theoretical explanations, and interventions. Opsomming Na ’n kort inleiding oor die geskiedenis van uitbranding gee hierdie artikel ’n oorsig van vorige prestasie van navorsing ten opsigte van uitbranding deur tien sleutelvrae te beantwoord: (1 Hoe kan uitbranding bepaal word?; (2 Is uitbranding beperk tot die mens-dienste?; (3 Is uitbranding ’n geestesafwyking?; (4 Wat is die voorkoms van uitbranding?; (5 Is uitbranding ’n wêreldwye verskynsel?; (6 Is uitbranding relevant vir organisasies?; (7 Wat is die oorsake van uitbranding?; (8 Wat is die gevolge van uitbranding?; (9 Hoe kan uitbranding verklaar word?; (10 Is uitbrandingsingrepe effektief? In die gevolgtrekking word ’n toekomstige navorsingsagenda op grond van die antwoorde op die voorafgaande vrae opgestel. Hierdie agenda sluit aangeleenthede soos die meting en konseptualisering van uitbranding, matige en ernstige vorme van uitbranding, epidemiologiese en kruiskulturele perspektiewe, organisasie- uitkomste, longitudinale ondersoeke, teoretiese verklarings en intervensies in.

  18. Recognizing and Preventing Burnout among Orthopaedic Leaders

    OpenAIRE

    Saleh, Khaled J.; James Campbell QUICK; Sime, Wesley E.; Novicoff, Wendy M.; Einhorn, Thomas A.

    2008-01-01

    Stress, emotional exhaustion, and burnout are widespread in the medical profession in general and in orthopaedic surgery in particular. We attempted to identify variables associated with burnout as assessed by validated instruments. Surveys were sent to 282 leaders from orthopaedic surgery academic departments in the United States by e-mail and mail. Responses were received from 195 leaders for a response rate of 69%. The average surgeon worked 68.3 hours per week and more than ½ of this time...

  19. Impacto de uma intervenção breve nos níveis de burnout de residentes pediátricos

    OpenAIRE

    Andrea E. Martins; María C. Davenport; María de la Paz Del Valle; Sandra Di Lalla; Paula Domínguez; Laura Ormando; Adriana Ingratta; Hector Gambarini; Fernando Ferrero

    2011-01-01

    OBJETIVOS: Estimar a prevalência de burnout entre residentes pediátricos e avaliar o impacto de uma intervenção breve voltada para o controle da doença. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo controlado randomizado em 74 residentes de pediatria. Todos preencheram o Inventário de Burnout de Maslach, e foram coletadas informações demográficas (idade, sexo, filhos, coabitantes e ano de residência). O grupo experimental (n = 37) participou de oficinas de autocuidado durante 2 meses, e o grupo controle ...

  20. Burnout in Counseling Practice: Some Potential Professional and Personal Hazards of Becoming a Counselor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watkins, C. Edward, Jr.

    1983-01-01

    Defines the syndrome of burnout and discusses some of the professional and personal hazards that confront the practicing counselor. Examines intrapersonal and interpersonal difficulties which result from burnout. Provides suggestions for dealing with burnout. (Author/RC)

  1. Effect of antihypertensive agents on stellate cells during liver regeneration in rats Efeito de agentes anti-hipertensivos sobre as células estreladas durante a regeneração hepática em ratos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandra N. Z. Ramalho

    2003-03-01

    ótipo semelhante a miofibroblastos. OBJETIVO: Investigar o efeito de agentes anti-hipertensivos sobre a população de células estreladas durante o fenômeno regenerativo hepático em ratos. MÉTODOS: Ratos machos Wistar receberam lisinopril, losartan, bradicinina ou solução salina, via intraperitonial, antes e após a hepatectomia parcial a 70%. Animais pertencentes aos grupos experimental e controle foram sacrificados 36 horas após a cirurgia. A população de células estreladas marcadas para a a-actina de músculo liso foi estimada nas zonas periportal e pericentral das amostras hepáticas. RESULTADOS: No grupo controle, observou-se maior número de células estreladas ativadas 36 horas após a hepatectomia parcial. A população de células estreladas foi menor no grupo tratado com losartan e maior nos grupos tratados com bradicinina e lisinopril em relação ao grupo-controle. CONCLUSÃO: Estes resultados sugerem que o losartan pode inibir e a bradicinina e o lisinopril podem estimular a população de células estreladas durante a regeneração hepática em ratos. As células estreladas sintetizam importantes fatores de crescimento capazes de estimular a regeneração hepática.

  2. Exploring the origins of burnout among secondary educators

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    Christian L. van Tonder

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Maslach and Leiter (1997 have suggested that burnout constitutes an erosion of the soul. Burnout is a non-discriminatory phenomenon with a pronounced negative impact on the individual employee and the organisation and is particularly prevalent among educators.Research purpose: This study aimed to explore the probable reasons for burnout among secondary educators. Study motivation: Several South African studies have focused on the phenomenon of burnout among educators but the probable reasons for burnout in this population have not yet received adequate attention. This study extended earlier international research that probed this facet.Research design, approach and method: A mixed-methods design with a predominantly qualitative methodology was employed to explore the probable reasons for burnout among 59 educators from three urban secondary schools in Gauteng, South Africa. Data comprised Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey protocols and rich data work descriptions. Semi-structured interviews were also conducted with the f ve participants who tested highest on the burnout indicators.Main findings: The results indicated that a negative learner profile and workload were the most frequently cited reasons for potential burnout.Practical/managerial implications: Burnout requires considered attention and aggressive context-specific intervention to contain its negative impact on both the educator and the student learning experience.

  3. Internal predictors of burnout in psychiatric nurses: An Indian study

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    Rudraprosad Chakraborty

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Research has not adequately focused on the issue of burnout in Psychiatric nurses, despite the fact that they suffer considerable stress in their work. Till date no study has been conducted on burnout among psychiatric nurses in India. Further, there is a particular lack of research in internal variables predicting burnout in them. Aims: To determine whether there are any internal psychological factors relevant to burnout in psychiatric nurses in India. Materials and Methods: We recruited 101 psychiatric nurses scoring less than two in General Health Questionnaire, version 12 (GHQ-12 from two psychiatric hospitals after obtaining informed consent. All subjects filled up a sociodemographic data sheet along with global adjustment scale, emotional maturity scale, PGI general well-being scale, locus of control scale, and Copenhagen burnout inventory (CBI. Correlations between burnout and sociodemographic/clinical variables were done by Pearson′s r or Spearman′s rho. Signi ficant variables were entered in a stepwise multiple linear regression analysis with total burnout score as dependent variable. Results: Age, duration of total period of nursing, prior military training, locus of control, sense of general well-being, adjustment capabilities, and emotional maturity had significant relation with burnout. Of them, emotional maturity was the most significant protective factors against burnout along with adjustment capabilities, sense of physical well-being, and military training in decreasing significance. Together they explained 41% variation in total burnout score which is significant at <0.001 level. An internal locus of control was inversely correlated with burnout, but failed to predict it in regression analysis. Conclusion: Emotional maturity, adjustability, sense of general physical well-being as well as prior military training significantly predicted lower burnout. Of them, emotional maturity was the most important predictor

  4. Fatores psicossociais e prevalência da síndrome de burnout entre trabalhadores de enfermagem intensivistas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Luiz Lima da Silva

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever a prevalência da síndrome de burnout entre trabalhadores de enfermagem de unidades de terapia intensiva, fazendo associação a aspectos psicossociais. Métodos: Estudo descritivo seccional realizado com 130 profissionais, enfermeiros, técnicos e auxiliares de enfermagem, que desempenhavam suas atividades em unidades de terapia intensiva e coronariana de dois hospitais de grande porte na cidade do Rio de Janeiro (RJ. Os dados foram coletados em 2011, por meio de questionário auto aplicado. Foi utilizado o Maslach Burnout Inventory, para a aferição das dimensões de burnout, e o Self Report Questionnaire, para avaliação de transtornos mentais comuns. Resultados: A prevalência de síndrome de burnout foi de 55,3% (n = 72. Quanto aos quadrantes do modelo demanda- controle, a baixa exigência apresentou 64,5% de casos prevalentes suspeitos e a alta exigência, 72,5% de casos (p = 0,006. Foi constatada a prevalência de 27,7% de casos suspeitos para transtornos mentais comuns; destes, 80,6% estavam associados à síndrome de burnout (< 0,0001. Após análise multivariada com modelo ajustado para sexo, idade, escolaridade, carga horária semanal, renda e pensamento no trabalho durante as folgas, foi constatado caráter protetor para síndrome de burnout nas dimensões intermediárias de estresse: trabalho ativo (OR = 0,26; IC95% = 0,09 - 0,69 e trabalho passivo (OR = 0,22; IC95% = 0,07 - 0,63. Conclusão: Contatou-se que os fatores psicossociais estavam envolvidos no surgimento de burnout no grupo estudado. Os resultados despertaram a necessidade de estudos para intervenção e posterior prevenção da síndrome.

  5. Species and serovars of enteropathogenic agents associated with acute diarrheal disease in Rosario, Argentina Espécies e serovariantes de agentes enteropatogênicos associados com diarréia aguda em Rosario, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodolfo Notario

    1996-02-01

    Full Text Available We report the most frequent species and serovars of enteropathogenic organisms in Rosario from 1985 to 1993. Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli was the most prevalent agent affecting 144/570 (25.2% children; 0111 represented 41.8%, 055: 13.6%, 0119: 12.7%. Among enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC the most frequent were ETEC-ST 0128:H21 and 0153:H45. Shigella spp were isolated in 8.8%; S.flexneri: 7%, principally type 2 (59.5%; S. sonnei: 1.6%, and S. dysenteriae type 2: 0.2%. Campylobacter spp were found in 6.1% of patients; C.jejuni: 4.6%; C. coli: 1.4% and C. lari: 0.2%; except groups 0 13,50 and 0 4 (2 cases each, no predominant serogroups were found. Salmonella was isolated in 2.8% of cases, being the predominant serovar S. typhimurium until 1986, but a dramatically increase of cases due to S. enteritidis was observed since 1987. There was 1.9% of Aeromonas spp and 2 cases due to Vibrio cholerae non 0-1. No Yersinia was found. In patients with gastroenteritis due to Shigella, Campylobacter, Salmonella, or EPEC as the unique pathogen, leukocytes were observed in the faeces in 70%, 50%, 20%, and 10% of cases respectively.Apresentamos as espécies e serovars mais frequentes dos microorganismos enteropatógenos entre 1985 e 1990 em Rosario. Escherichia coli enteropatogênica (EPEC foi a que predominou, afetando 144/570 (25,2% crianças; 0111 representou 41,8%, 055 13,6%, 0119 12,7%. Entre as E. coli enterotoxigênicas (ETEC, ETEC-ST 0128:H21 e 0153:H45 foram as mais frequentes. Entre os 570 pacientes, Shigella spp. foi diagnosticada em 50 (8,8%; S. flexneri 7%, principalmente do tipo 2 (59,5%, S. sonnei 1,6% e S. dysenteriae tipo 2 (1%. Foram encontrados Campylobacter spp em 6,1% dos pacientes; C. jejuni 4,6%, C. coli 1,4% e C. lari 0,2%; exceto os grupos 0 13/50 e 0 4 (dois de cada um, não foram encontrados serogrupos predominantes. Salmonella foi encontrada em 2,8% dos casos, sendo o serovar S. typhimurium o predominante até 1986, mas desde 1987

  6. Burnout in journalists: A systematic literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasmine B. MacDonald

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The present study aims to provide a concise, comprehensive, and systematic review of the quantitative literature relating to the experience of burnout in journalists of various specialties and mediums. The systematic review method adopted is that prescribed by Fink (2010, which contains three main elements: Sampling the literature, screening the literature, and extracting data. Results indicate that journalists most at risk of burnout are females who are younger, with fewer years of journalism experience, working in small circulation newspapers. Editors and reporters seem to experience higher levels of burnout than those in other roles, as do journalists in non-management positions. The thorough and structured process adopted in this review provides the ability to assert with some degree of certainty what areas within the burnout and journalism literature require further consideration. This review emphasises and problematises the large focus on male reporters in newspaper settings, settings that are becoming less significant over time. Studies have tended to focus on reporters, without providing a convincing a priori rationale. What is lacking is consideration of other role groups central to broadcast news, such as camera-operators. A range of methodological and theoretical issues and future areas of research are discussed.

  7. Dental Student Stress, Burnout, and Memory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Elaine L.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    A study examined the relationships between self-reported academic burnout, perceived dental educational stress, and memory performance among 46 first-year dental students. In addition, the observed relationship between negative adjectives used for self-description and memory focused attention on the possible role of mood state in memory…

  8. Burnout and Work Engagement among Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hakanen, Jari J.; Bakker, Arnold B.; Schaufeli, Wilmar B.

    2006-01-01

    The Job Demands-Resources Model was used as the basis of the proposal that there are two parallel processes involved in work-related well-being among teachers, namely an energetical process (i.e., job demands --> burnout --> ill health) and a motivational process (i.e., job resources --> engagement --> organizational commitment). In…

  9. Teacher Dignity: An Antidote to Burnout?

    Science.gov (United States)

    McPherson, R. Bruce

    1983-01-01

    Intends to turn attention away from the contemporary focus on teacher failure/burnout and back toward the traditional source of teacher success: teacher dignity. Contends that teachers can still build a context of dignity for their work. Defines teacher dignity as the capacity to induce student learning; confidence; and authenticity. (Author/MH)

  10. Burnout detector design for heat transfer experiments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the design of an burnout detector for heat transfer experiments, applied during tests for optimization of fuel elements for PWR reactors. The burnout detector avoids the fuel rods destruction during the experiments at the Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear. The detector evaluates the temperature changes over the fuel rods in the temperature changes over the fuel rods in the area where the burnout phenomenon could be anticipated. As soon as the phenomenon appears, the system power supply is turned off. The thermal Circuit No. 1, during the experiments, had been composed by nine fuel rods feed parallelly by the same power supply. Fine copper wires had been attached at the centre and at the ends of the fuel rod to take two Wheat stone bridge arms. The detector had been applied across the bridge diagonals, which must be balanced the burnout excursion can be detected as a small but fast increase of the signal over the detector. Large scale experiments had been carried out to compare the resistance bridge performance against a thermocouple attached through the fuel rod wall. These experiments had been showed us the advantages of the first method over the last, because the bridge evaluates the whole fuel rod, while the thermocouple evaluates only the area where it had been attached. (author)

  11. Agentes bacterianos enteropatogênicos em suínos de diferentes faixas etárias e perfil de resistência a antimicrobianos de cepas de Escherichia coli e Salmonella spp Enteropathogenic bacterial agents in pigs of different age groups and profile of resistance in strains of Escherichia coli and Salmonella spp. to antimicrobial agents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Menin

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available As enterites infecciosas bacterianas provocam severas perdas para a indústria suína em todo o mundo. Os objetivos deste trabalho foram determinar os agentes bacterianos, associados com a ocorrência de diarréia em suínos, em diferentes faixas etárias, no Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil, e verificar o perfil de resistência das cepas de Escherichia coli e Salmonella spp, frente aos principais antimicrobianos utilizados em granjas de suínos. Os principais gêneros/espécies bacterianos diagnosticados foram Escherichia coli, Clostridium spp, Salmonella spp Brachyspira hyodysenteriae, Brachyspira pilosicoli e Lawsonia intracellularis. Os fatores de virulência de E. coli mais prevalentes na fase de maternidade foram F5 / (K99 20%, F6 / (987P 16,3%, F42 6,8% e F41 5,7%, já nas fases de creche e terminação, predominaram cepas com fimbrias F4 (K88 11,2% e 5,4%, respectivamente. Para E. coli os maiores índices de resistência foram encontrados para oxitetraciclina (94% e tetraciclina (89,5% e os menores índices de resistência para neomicina (55%, ceftiofur (57,4%. Quanto às amostras de Salmonella spp, estas apresentaram maior resistência à oxitetraciclina (77%, e à tetraciclina (42,1% e menor à gentamicina (3,5% e amoxicilina (4,8%.Infectious bacterial enteritis causes severe losses to the swine industry worldwide. The objective of this study was to determine the epidemiology of bacterial agents that are associated with the occurrence of diarrhea in pigs at different age groups, and to verify the profile of resistance of strains of Escherichia coli and Salmonella spp to the main antimicrobial agents. The main bacterial species diagnosed were Escherichia coli, Clostridium spp, Salmonella spp, Brachyspira hyodysenteriae, Brachyspira pilosicoli and Lawsonia intracellularis. The E. coli virulence factors of higher prevalence in preweaning piglets were F5 / (K99 20%, F6 / (987P 16.3%, F42 6.8% and F41 5.7%, whereas at the nursery and with

  12. Dessorção e lixiviação de chumbo em espodossolo tratado com agentes quelantes Lead desorption and leaching in a spodosol amended with chelant agents

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    Eriberto Vagner de Souza Freitas

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available A baixa degradabilidade no solo de quelantes sintéticos usados para induzir a fitoextração pode significar elevado risco ambiental pela lixiviação de metais pesados. Agentes quelantes naturais, mais rapidamente degradados no solo, podem ser uma alternativa para os quelantes sintéticos. Este trabalho objetivou avaliar a capacidade de três agentes quelantes sintéticos e dois quelantes naturais de cadeia alifática na dessorção de Pb de um Espodossolo contaminado pela deposição de escórias resultantes da reciclagem de baterias automotivas. A lixiviação de Pb promovida pelos quelantes foi também estudada. O trabalho compreendeu dois experimentos: (1 dessorção de Pb utilizando as concentrações de 0, 2, 5, 10, 20 e 30 mmol kg-1 dos ácidos cítrico e oxálico e dos quelantes sintéticos EDTA, DTPA e NTA; (2 lixiviação realizada em colunas de PVC com concentrações de 0, 10 e 20 mmol kg-1 de ácido cítrico, ácido oxálico, EDTA e NTA. O uso do EDTA promoveu elevada dessorção e lixiviação de Pb, não sendo recomendado para programa de fitoextração na área em estudo. A elevada dessorção de Pb, aliada à baixa lixiviação promovida pelo NTA, qualifica o quelante para indução da fitoextração de Pb no solo. Os quelantes naturais não apresentaram riscos para a lixiviação de Pb nas concentrações estudadas, mas parecem pouco promissores para a fitoextração do elemento, devido à baixa dessorção.Synthetic chelants used to induce phytoextraction are barely degraded in the soil and pose high environmental risks owing to metal leaching. Natural chelating agents can be an alternative to synthetic chelates thanks to their rapid biodegrability. The study was carried out to evaluate the efficiency of Pb desorption of three synthetic chelators and two natural aliphatic acids from a soil contaminated with Pb from a car battery recycling. Additionally, effects of the amendments on Pb leaching from soil were also studied

  13. BURNOUT EXPERIENCE AMONG TEACHERS: A CASE STUDY

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    Agata Letizia Caruso

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Burnout is a psychological syndrome, stemming as a response to chronic interpersonal jobs stressors, characterized by three principal dimensions: Exhaustion (the state of depletion of the individual’s emotional and physical resources due to the difficulties in facing customers’ demands;  Depersonalization (the negative, off-putting and extremely distant  reaction to diverse facets of the job; reduced Personal Accomplishment (referring to  reduced self-esteem concerning competence, achievement and productivity at work. (Maslach and Jackson, 1981. The stream of reforms that has recently changed the Italian School, by favoring educational deregulation and increasing levels of autonomy for school boards, has increased Burnout levels among school teachers, who may feel thorn between their internal expectations (personal beliefs, motivations and professional style and the external pressures emerging not only from students, but also from a more and more demanding school organization, oriented towards efficiency. Various contributions have posited that in the Burnout prevention a pivotal role is played by the Interpersonal Trust at work both among teachers and between teachers and the School Manager (Ceyanes and Slater, 2005; Timms et al., 2006; Van Maele and Van Houtte, 2014, and by a good School Climate perception (Aron and Milicic, 2000; Dorman, 2003; Grayson and Alvarez, 2008. The present contribution aims at analyzing the relation between each of the three aspects of Burnout and, respectively, the diverse facets of Interpersonal Trust and the components of School Climate. Data have been collected by means of a survey encompassing three well-known instruments, namely the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI; Maslach and Jackson, 1981, the Interpersonal Trust at Work (ITW; Cook and Wall, 1980  and the Revised School Level Environment Questionnaire (SLEQ-Revised; Johnson et al., 2007. 120 teachers have been interviewed in six schools of Southern

  14. Utilização de agentes polinizadores na produção de sementes de cenoura e pimenta doce em cultivo protegido Influence of pollinators on seed production and quality of carrot and sweet pepper in a greenhouse

    OpenAIRE

    Warley Marcos Nascimento; Eliana Marília L Gomes; Elizabeth A Batista; Raquel A de Freitas

    2012-01-01

    A polinização constitui um processo fundamental para a perpetuação de várias espécies vegetais, e o desenvolvimento dos frutos e das sementes está diretamente relacionado com a polinização das flores. Dessa forma, o objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar a influência de agentes polinizadores na produção e qualidade de sementes de cenoura e de pimenta doce em sistema de cultivo protegido. No ensaio de cenoura utilizaram-se, em telados, os tratamentos de polinização com as abelhas Arapuá (Trigon...

  15. Impacto de uma intervenção breve nos níveis de burnout de residentes pediátricos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea E. Martins

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Estimar a prevalência de burnout entre residentes pediátricos e avaliar o impacto de uma intervenção breve voltada para o controle da doença. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um estudo controlado randomizado em 74 residentes de pediatria. Todos preencheram o Inventário de Burnout de Maslach, e foram coletadas informações demográficas (idade, sexo, filhos, coabitantes e ano de residência. O grupo experimental (n = 37 participou de oficinas de autocuidado durante 2 meses, e o grupo controle (n = 37 não recebeu nenhuma intervenção. Após a intervenção, os participantes preencheram novamente o Inventário de Burnout de Maslach. Todos os potenciais preditores de burnout foram incluídos em um modelo de regressão logística. A eficácia da intervenção foi avaliada pelo teste qui-quadrado. Os valores p < 0,05 foram considerados significativos. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de burnout entre residentes pediátricos foi de 66%. Após controle para idade, gênero, filhos e coabitantes, a prevalência de burnout foi maior entre residentes do terceiro ano (razão de chances = 11,8; intervalo de confiança de 95% 2,3-59,3; p = 0,003. Não foram encontradas diferenças significativas na prevalência de burnout no grupo experimental entre os períodos inicial e pós-intervenção (p = 0,8 ou entre os dois grupos após a intervenção (p = 0,8. A única diferença observada foi uma melhora quanto à "despersonalização", no grupo experimental (p = 0,031. CONCLUSÕES: A prevalência de burnout entre residentes pediátricos foi de 66%, sendo maior entre os residentes do terceiro ano. Uma intervenção breve não foi eficaz na redução da prevalência de burnout, apesar da melhora no quesito "despersonalização".

  16. On a peculiarity of the second-type burnout

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The burnout of the second type caused by evaporation of the liquid film near the wall during disperse-ring flow is investigated. Various methods of determining the moment and place of burnout begin are analyzed. It is shown that the burnout of the second type arises over a certain steam generating channel length. It begins with heat transfer decrease connected with transient region arising (the region of wall local dryout by perimeter) and finishes with burnout itself involving the local burnout spread over the whole perimeter. The transient region has the greatest size in coil pipes and horizontal channels. It is concluded that the proposed approach to the burnout investigation permits to combine the hypotheses of film break (or its instability) and the hypothesis of drop diffusion. The first one should be related to the transient region formation begin, the second one to its formation end

  17. Burnout syndrome among music teachers and triggering factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sena G. OTACIOĞLU

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The issue of burnout which retains its importance at present as a subject studied in different cultures and domains has been identified as the exhaustion of energy, power, or sources because of intensive demand, propulsive stress period and the loss of idealism (Surgevil, 2005. The aim of this research based on this subject is to determine the burnout syndrome level and related socio-demographic characteristics of music teachers. 40 music teachers are involved in the research and their levels of burnout are measured using Maslach Burnout Inventory. As a result, while the burnout scores of the music teachers were found to differ significantly in terms of gender, age, institution of employment, letters of appreciation, seniority, and their perception of their economic situation, whether burnout subscale scores change according to the institution of employment variable was put forth for consideration.

  18. Pengaruh Bullying di Tempat Kerja Terhadap Burnout Pada Karyawan

    OpenAIRE

    Wahyuni, Citra

    2015-01-01

    Changes in an organization will increase the job demand and competition among employees in workplace. Unhealthy work competition among coworkers is a psychological work environment that can affect burnout to occur. Burnout can happens because of pressure. Long term and intense pressure experienced by the employee may occur burnout. One of the phenomena that can bring pressure is workplace bullying. This research aimed to determine the influence of workplace bullying toward b...

  19. Leisure activities effects on stress coping and burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Mónica Teresa González Ramírez; Minerva Vanegas-Farfano

    2013-01-01

    In this article differences and similarities within perceived stress index and burnout factors are established between persons who practice a range of different leisure activities. A sample of 70 mexican participants from Monterrey’s metropolitan area were survey using the short questionnaire of burnout (Moreno, et al., 1997) and the perceived stress scale (Cohen, et al.’s mexican verion of González & Landero, 2007). The analysis support differences on the perceived stress and burnout fac...

  20. Burnout amongst urban secondary school teachers in Namibia

    OpenAIRE

    Dap Louw; Evy George; Karel Esterhuyse

    2011-01-01

    Orientation: Burnout seems to be particularly common amongst professionals who help and enable people to cope with the demands of their daily lives.Motivation for the study: The study focused on the magnitude and nature of burnout amongst Namibian teachers as well as the influence of biographical factors on their levels of burnout. Another aim was to determine the extent to which the results of this study correlate with research findings in other countries.Research design, approach and method...

  1. The level of burnout of housekeeping personnel in accomodation facilities

    OpenAIRE

    Sibel Erkal; Hande Şahin

    2012-01-01

    This study aimed to determine the level of burnout of the housekeeping personnel (cleaner, manager, crew chief) working in accommodation facilities and discovering if there was a relationship between their level of burnout and their personal features. In the study a cluster sampling method was used. 12 accommodation facilities in Antalya were handled as cluster and a total of 146 personnel working in these facilities comprised the sample group. A “Burnout Inventory” was used in the study. The...

  2. The level of burnout of housekeeping personnel in accommodation facilities

    OpenAIRE

    Sibel Erkal; Hande Şahin

    2012-01-01

    This study aimed to determine the level of burnout of the housekeeping personnel (cleaner, manager, crew chief) working in accommodation facilities and discovering if there was a relationship between their level of burnout and their personal features. In the study a cluster sampling method was used. 12 accommodation facilities in Antalya were handled as cluster and a total of 146 personnel working in these facilities comprised the sample group. A “Burnout Inventory” was used in the study. Th...

  3. Underlying construct of empathy, optimism, and burnout in medical students

    OpenAIRE

    Hojat, Mohammadreza; Vergare, Michael; Isenberg, Gerald; Cohen, Mitchell; Spandorfer, John

    2015-01-01

    Objectives This study was designed to explore the underlying construct of measures of empathy, optimism, and burnout in medical students. Methods Three instruments for measuring empathy (Jefferson Scale of Empathy, JSE); Optimism (the Life Orientation Test-Revised, LOT-R); and burnout (the Maslach Burnout Inventory, MBI, which includes three scales of Emotional Exhaustion, Depersonalization, and Personal Accomplishment) were administered to 265 third-year students at Sidney Kimmel (formerly J...

  4. Associations among altruism, burnout dimensions, and organizational citizenship behaviour

    OpenAIRE

    Emmerik, IJ. Hetty van; Jawahar, I.M.; Stone, Thomas H.

    2005-01-01

    Most studies of burnout have focused on lack of resources, prevalence of burnout, and negative outcomes. In contrast, this study examined the relationships among altruism, burnout and a positive outcome, namely, the engagement in organizational citizenship behaviour. Web questionnaires were distributed to employees in three professional organizations. The results from the 178 respondents indicated that altruism is related to organizational citizenship behaviour. Of the three dimensions of bur...

  5. Continuous organisational change: exploring burnout at the organizational level

    OpenAIRE

    Rumbles, Sally; Rees, Gary

    2011-01-01

    The last four years has seen many organizations struggle to survive in increasingly, turbulent, surprising and continuously evolving business environments. Continuous waves of change interventions ultimately impact upon organizations and their survival. This paper considers the extent to which continuous changes lead to organizational burnout. Whilst traditional academic approaches to burnout have concentrated typically upon the individual level and sometimes on job burnout, research into org...

  6. Preventing burnout among general practitioners: is there a possible route?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Helena G.; Tulinius, C.

    2009-01-01

    Stress and burnout among general practitioners (GPs) is a serious problem. Some authors suggest supervision groups or Balint groups as a means of preventing burnout and others address how to treat the condition. This paper reports a case study of a supervision group for Danish GPs which, as well as...... training reflective practice, focuses specifically on the prevention of burnout. The concept of compassion fatigue is extended to cover the circumstances reported by some practitioners in supervision Udgivelsesdato: 2009/9...

  7. Burnout Syndrom and Prevention of Nurses in Hospital.

    OpenAIRE

    ELLINGEROVÁ, Klára

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to examine the experience of nurses with burnout syndrome and its prevention. In order to this, I have been examining a number of nurses who have experienced burnout syndrome, the level of intensity they experienced and the nurses' opinion on the prevention of this psychical state. The theoretical part will focus on the nurses' job description and psychological stresses related to their duties. Furthermore I will focus on burnout syndrome - its risk factors, caus...

  8. Subgroup analysis in burnout: relations between fatigue, anxiety and depression

    OpenAIRE

    Arno eVan Dam

    2016-01-01

    Several authors have suggested that burned out patients do not form a homogeneous group and that subgroups should be considered. The identification of these subgroups may contribute to a better understanding of the burnout construct and lead to more specific therapeutic interventions. Subgroup analysis may also help clarify whether burnout is a distinct entity and whether subgroups of burnout overlap with other disorders such as depression and chronic fatigue syndrome. In a group of 113 clini...

  9. Subgroup Analysis in Burnout: Relations Between Fatigue, Anxiety, and Depression

    OpenAIRE

    van Dam, Arno

    2016-01-01

    Several authors have suggested that burned out patients do not form a homogeneous group and that subgroups should be considered. The identification of these subgroups may contribute to a better understanding of the burnout construct and lead to more specific therapeutic interventions. Subgroup analysis may also help clarify whether burnout is a distinct entity and whether subgroups of burnout overlap with other disorders such as depression and chronic fatigue syndrome. In a group of 113 clini...

  10. Burnout in UK Prison Officers: The Role of Personality

    OpenAIRE

    Lovell, Brian; Brown, Rebecca

    2016-01-01

    The study assessed the role of personality on burnout in prison officers. N=120 prison officers working in the United Kingdom (UK) completed questionnaires assessing: (a) three dimensions of burnout: depersonalisation, personal accomplishment and emotional exhaustion, and (b) personality variables: the ‘big five’ and locus of control. Neuroticism predicted emotional exhaustion and personal accomplishment, and locus of control predicted all burnout dimensions. Prison officers higher in neuroti...

  11. Experimental study on natural convection boiling burnout in an annulus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An experimental study was performed on burnout heat flux at low flow rates for low pressure steam-water upward flow in an annulus. The data indicated that a premature burnout occurred due to flow regime transition from churn-turbulent to annular flow. It is shown that burnout heat flux observed can be well reproduced by a non-dimensional correlation derived from the previously obtained criterion for flow regime transition. (author)

  12. Electrical pulse burnout of transistors in intense ionizing radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tests examining possible synergistic effects of electrical pulses and ionizing radiation on transistors were performed and energy/power thresholds for transistor burnout determined. The effect of ionizing radiation on burnout thresholds was found to be minimal, indicating that electrical pulse testing in the absence of radiation produces burnout-threshold results which are applicable to IEMP studies. The conditions of ionized transistor junctions and radiation induced current surges at semiconductor device terminals are inherent in IEMP studies of electrical circuits

  13. Influência de diferentes agentes de corpo nas características reológicas e sensoriais de chocolates diet em sacarose e light em calorias Influence of different bulk agents in the rheological and sensory characteristics of diet and light chocolate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiane Rodrigues Gomes

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Foram estudados diferentes agentes de corpo na substituição total da sacarose na formulação de chocolate, buscando-se obter um produto diet em sacarose e light em calorias (25% de redução calórica teórica em relação à formulação padrão, com sacarose e com boa aceitação sensorial. Os agentes de corpo utilizados neste estudo foram: polidextrose, inulina, frutooligossacarídeos - FOS, lactitol e maltitol; como edulcorante de alta intensidade empregou-se a sucralose. Os chocolates light obtidos foram submetidos às análises de umidade (Karl Fisher, tamanho de partículas (micrômetro digital e propriedades reológicas (viscosidade plástica - etaca e limite de escoamento de Casson - tauca. O teor de umidade dos chocolates light variou de 1,23 a 2,12%; o tamanho de partículas de 19 a 24 µm; o etaca de 6,60 a 11,00 Pa.s; e o tauca de 0,05 a 1,31 Pa. As formulações com polidextrose, polidextrose e lactitol e polidextrose e maltitol foram selecionadas para análise sensorial por apresentarem boa performance tecnológica e adequada maquinabilidade da massa de chocolate durante as diferentes etapas do processo. A análise sensorial indicou que as três formulações avaliadas não diferiram entre si ao nível de significância de 5% em relação à intensidade do aroma, dureza, derretimento na boca e sabor e, quanto à intenção de compra, as amostras diferiram entre si ao nível de significância de 5%, sendo que a formulação que continha 32,60% de Polidextrose e 15,57% de Maltitol foi a preferida.A study was made of various bulk agents as sucrose substitutes in the formulation of chocolate, aiming to obtain a diet product in terms of sucrose and a light product in terms of calories (25% fewer calories than standard formulations containing sucrose with good sensorial acceptance. The bulk agents used in this study were polydextrose, inulin, fructo-oligosaccharides - FOS, lactitol and maltitol. Sucralose was used as a high intensity

  14. Equivalência de dulçor e poder edulcorante de edulcorantes em função da temperatura de consumo em bebidas preparadas com chá-mate em pó solúvel Equi-sweetness and sweetening power of different sweetening agents in differents temperatures of consumption of tea drink in soluble power

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Maria Porto Cardoso

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available No presente estudo foi verificado o efeito da temperatura de consumo na equivalência de doçura e no poder edulcorante de diferentes agentes adoçantes em bebida de chá-mate em pó solúvel. Foram avaliados: aspartame, sucralose, mistura ciclamato/sacarina 2:1, Stevia e acessulfame-K, tendo como referência a sacarose. Todos os estudos foram realizados a 6±2ºC e a 45±2ºC. Primeiramente foi determinada a doçura ideal, utillizando-se escala do ideal com 30 provadores consumidores da bebida. Em seguida, foi determinada a doçura equivalente à sacarose (na doçura considerada ideal para cada edulcorante estudado, e seu poder edulcorante nas duas temperaturas de estudo. Para tal foi aplicado o método de estimação de magnitude, utilizando-se uma equipe de 10 provadores selecionados e treinados. A doçura ideal de sacarose foi de 8,3% para a bebida de chá-mate solúvel, sem diferença significativa entre as temperaturas de estudo. Ocorreram diferenças sensoriais importantes em função da temperatura, pois, enquanto para alguns edulcorantes o aumento de temperatura provocou diminuição na potência edulcorante, para outros foi observado aumento do poder edulcorante. Portanto, não se deve generalizar as alterações no poder edulcorante em função da temperatura, pois ela pode variar em função da classe química envolvida e do meio de dispersão em que se encontra.In this work the effect of temperature of consumption in the equi-sweetness and sweetening power of different sweetening agents was verified in tea drink in soluble powder. The panelists had evaluated: aspartame, sucralose, mixture of cyclamate/saccharin (2:1, Stevia [Stevia rebaudiana (Bert. Bertoni] and acesulfame-K as sweeteners, having sucrose as reference. All sensory tests were carried-out at 6±2ºC and 45±2ºC. Firstly the ideal sweetness was determined by just-about-right scale with 30 consumers of tea drink. After the ideal sweetness of sucrose determination, the

  15. Exploring antecedents and consequences of burnout in a call centre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willie A. Visser

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between six characteristics of call centre work environments, burnout, affective commitment and turnover intentions. These characteristics were competing management goals, work overload, electronic performance monitoring, lack of career opportunities, lack of skill variety and emotional labour. A convenient sample of employees (N = 146 was obtained from a call centre. Multiple regression analysis showed that work overload, lack of career opportunities, skill variety and emotional labour were the most important predictors of burnout. Burnout had a direct effect on turnover intentions. Affective commitment partially mediated the relationship between burnout and turnover intention.

  16. Factors associated with burnout among residents in a developing country

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zubairi, Akbar Jaleel; Noordin, Shahryar

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Recent literature has focused on burnout as a specific job related distress syndrome among physicians and residents having adverse effects on patient care. Local data on burnout is lacking. Materials & methods An online self-administered questionnaire was sent via email to all residents (325) at our institute with and a response rate of 110 (34%) was achieved. Out of these 82 residents consented and completely filled the questionnaires and were included in the analysis. The questionnaire comprised of demographic variables, the Maslach burnout inventory and occupational risk factors. Results High levels of burnout on at least one subscale were reported by 61(74.4%) residents, in 2 components by 34(41.5%) whereas an alarming 10(12.2%) residents scored high on all three subscales. Among the individual subscales emotional exhaustion was most frequent in 49(59.8%). Among the departments Radiology reported the highest levels (100%) of burnout and low levels were reported by Pediatrics (45%). There was no difference between burnout levels among junior and senior residents. Dissatisfaction with workload, length of work hours, relationship with co-workers and lack of autonomy were significantly associated with high level of burnout. Conclusion High levels of burnout are prevalent among trainee doctors in our part of the world which are comparable with international literature. Efforts to improve the work environment of residents may significantly reduce levels of burnout. PMID:26955475

  17. The problem of professional burnout in stress management

    OpenAIRE

    Makasheva Natalia; Makasheva Julia; Gromova Anna; Ishtunov Sergey; Burykhin Boris

    2016-01-01

    The problem of professional burnout is extremely relevant in current stress management. By its nature, professional burnout is a unique type of stress syndrome that is characterized by emotional exhaustion. It leads to loss of energy and interest in one’s job. A burnout could be the result of such syndromes as – burnout and boreout. It could emerge as the reaction of the organism to the high working intensity and stress working conditions or due to the boredom and absence of the sphere for pr...

  18. Estresse no trabalho em agentes dos centros de atendimento socioeducativo do Rio Grande do Sul Estrés en el trabajo en agentes en los centros de atención socioeducativa de Rio Grande do Sul Job stress in agents at the socio-educational service centers in the state of Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Bitencourt Toscani Greco

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Estudo que teve por objetivo verificar a associação entre estresse no trabalho, características sociodemográficas, laborais, hábitos e condições de saúde dos agentes socioeducadores do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Trata-se de um estudo transversal com 381 agentes dos Centros de Atendimento Socioeducativo do Rio Grande do Sul. Utilizou-se a versão brasileira da Job Stress Scale, para avaliação do estresse no trabalho. Foram classificados, em situação de alta exigência no trabalho, 19,2% dos agentes. Mostraram-se associados ao estresse no trabalho: necessidade de acompanhamento psicológico, falta de tempo para lazer, turno diurno de trabalho, insatisfação com o local de trabalho, necessidade de afastamento do trabalho, por problemas de saúde, e escala de trabalho insuficiente. Há necessidade de buscar melhores condições de trabalho e a efetivação de um Serviço de Saúde do Trabalhador atuante, no sentido de minimizar os efeitos das demandas psicológicas no trabalho do agente socioeducador.El estudo tenía el objetivo de verificar la asociación entre estrés en el trabajo, rasgos sociodemográficos, laborales, hábitos y condiciones de salud de los agentes socioeducadores de Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Es un estudio transversal con 381 agentes de Centros de Atención Socioeducativa de Rio Grande do Sul. Se utilizó la versión brasileña de Job Stress Scale para evaluación de estrés en el trabajo. El 19, 2% de los agentes se clasificó en situación de alta exigencia laboral. Se mostraron asociadas al estrés en el trabajo: necesidad de acompañamiento psicológico, falta de tiempo para el ocio, tiempo diurno de trabajo, insatisfacción con el lugar de trabajo, necesidad de alejamiento del trabajo por problemas de salud y escala de trabajo insuficiente. Existe la necesidad de buscar mejores condiciones de trabajo y la efectuación de un Servicio de Salud del Trabajador actuante, para minimizar los efectos de las demandas

  19. Opinião dos agentes comunitários de saúde sobre o uso da videoconferência na capacitação em saúde auditiva infantil Community health agents' opinions on the use of videoconference in children health hearing training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Mendes de Melo

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar a videoconferência como ferramenta instrucional na capacitação dos agentes comunitários de saúde, em saúde auditiva infantil, sob a perspectiva destes profissionais. METODOLOGIA: a casuística foi composta por 50 agentes comunitários de saúde, divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos de acordo com a metodologia de ensino: 31 profissionais participaram da capacitação de forma presencial e 19 por meio de videoconferência. A atividade ocorreu em um encontro de oito horas, por meio de aulas expositivas e utilizando material didático adaptado e validado para o português proposto pela Organização Mundial da Saúde de forma simultânea para ambos os grupos. A avaliação da videoconferência como ferramenta instrucional foi realizada por meio de questionário elaborado para o presente estudo. RESULTADOS: a avaliação da videoconferência foi muito semelhante em ambos os grupos, sendo que a ferramenta de ensino foi considerada como de fácil entendimento e permitindo a interação com o ministrante. CONCLUSÃO: a videoconferência foi uma ferramenta válida e aceita pelos profissionais estudados para ser utilizada em programas de capacitação em saúde auditiva infantil.PURPOSE: to check the opinion from community health agents about the use of videoconference as instructional tool in children hearing health program training. METHODS: the group was made up by 50 community health agents divided randomly in two groups, with the following sample: 31 community health agents by face-to-face instruction and 19, by videoconference. The training was provided in eight hours, through classes and a textbook translated and adapted into the Brazilian Portuguese language proposed by World Health Organization, in both groups, simultaneously. In order to investigate the opinion about the use of videoconference as instructional tool in training program, a questionnaire was done and applied, in both group, after the course. RESULTS: the

  20. Sense of coherence, career adaptability and burnout of early-career Black staff in the call centre environment

    OpenAIRE

    Nisha Harry; Melinde Coetzee

    2013-01-01

    Orientation: The call centre is recognised as being a stressful work environment that affects the general wellbeing of call centre agents.Research purpose: This study explored whether call centre agents’ sense of coherence significantly influences their career adaptability and whether their burnout levels significantly moderate the sense of coherence–career adaptability relationship. The research also investigated whether age, gender and years of service (as control variables), along with sen...

  1. Experiência dos Agentes Comunitários de Saúde em Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis La experiencia de Agentes Comunitários de Salud con las Enfermedades Sexualmente Transmisibles The experience of Communitary Health Agents with Sexually Transmitted Diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janelice de Azevedo Neves Bastiani

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de uma experiência na capacitação de Agentes Comunitários de Saúde, em Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis, desenvolvido em centros de saúde de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina. O desafio desta experiência está relacionado com a dificuldade de transmitir as informações, sabendo-se das limitações dos agentes comunitários de saúde nesta área. Optou-se em utilizar a metodologia problematizadora, desenvolvendo oficinas, dramatizações, modelagens, seminários, fitas educativas, relatos de experiência, dentre outros, utilizando como subsídios os materiais didáticos do Ministério da Saúde. Foram apresentadas as atividades desenvolvidas pelo município, na promoção/prevenção/tratamento/recuperação das doenças sexualmente transmissíveis, evidenciando o planejamento familiar e o Projeto de Redução de Danos.Se trata de una experiencia en la capacitación de Agentes Comunitarios de Salud en Enfermedades Sexualmente Transmisibles, llevada a cabo en centros de salud de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina. El desafío de esta experiencia fue saber cómo transmitir las informaciones, conociendo las limitaciones de los Agentes Comunitarios de Salud en esta área. Se optó por utilizar la metodología problematizadora, desarrollando talleres, dramatizaciones, modelados, seminarios, cintas educativas y relatos de experiencia entre otros, utilizando como fuentes de información los materiales didácticos del Ministerio de la Salud. Se presentaron las actividades desarrolladas por el municipio en la promoción, prevención, tratamento y recuperación de las enfermedades sexualmente transmisibles, poniendo en relieve la planificación familiar y el Proyecto de Reducción de Daños.It is an experience report in the training of Communitary Health Agents, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, developed in health centers in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina. The challenge of this experience is related to diffilculties in transmitting information

  2. The Antimicrobial Efficacy of <em>Elaeis guineensisem>: Characterization, <em>in Vitroem> and <em>in Vivoem> Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sreenivasan Sasidharan

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The urgent need to treat multi-drug resistant pathogenic microorganisms in chronically infected patients has given rise to the development of new antimicrobials from natural resources. We have tested <em>Elaeis guineensis em>Jacq> em>(Arecaceae methanol extract against a variety of bacterial, fungal and yeast strains associated with infections. Our studies have demonstrated that <em>E. guineensisem> exhibits excellent antimicrobial activity <em>in vitroem> and <em>in vivoem> against the bacterial and fungal strains tested. A marked inhibitory effect of the <em>E. guineensisem> extracts was observed against <em>C. albicansem> whereby <em>E. guineensisem> extract at ½, 1, or 2 times the MIC significantly inhibited <em>C. albicansem> growth with a noticeable drop in optical density (OD of the bacterial culture. This finding confirmed the anticandidal activity of the extract on <em>C. albicansem>. Imaging using scanning (SEM and transmission (TEM electron microscopy was done to determine the major alterations in the microstructure of the extract-treated <em>C. albicansem>. The main abnormalities noted via SEM and TEM studies were the alteration in morphology of the yeast cells. <em>In vivoem> antimicrobial activity was studies in mice that had been inoculated with <em>C. albicansem> and exhibited good anticandidal activity. The authors conclude that the extract may be used as a candidate for the development of anticandidal agent.> em>

  3. Reflexões sobre estresse e Burnout e a relação com a enfermagem Reflexiones sobre estrés y Burnout y su relación con la enfermería Reflections on stress and Burnout and their relationship with nursing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neide Tiemi Murofuse

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Tendo como objetivos diferenciar Estresse e Burnout e estabelecer a relação desses com o trabalho da enfermagem, realizou-se estudo bibliográfico para subsidiar a compreensão sobre o sofrimento psíquico no trabalho. O estudo foi realizado como base na análise e interpretação de artigos, teses e dissertações produzidas entre 1990 a 2001. Embora haja consenso entre os estudiosos sobre a existência do Estresse e Burnout, diversas controvérsias estão envolvidas. São teorias que nascem no contexto da explosão da produção e consumo no capitalismo. Estresse refere-se a um esgotamento pessoal que interfere na vida do individuo, mas não necessariamente na relação com o trabalho. Burnout é uma síndrome que envolve atitudes e condutas negativas com os usuários, clientes, organização e trabalho. É um processo gradual, de experiência subjetiva, que resulta em problemas práticos e emocionais no trabalhador e na organização. O trabalho da enfermagem propicia tanto uma quanto outra situação e causa sofrimento e adoecimento.Con el objetivo de diferenciar Estrés y "Burnout" y establecer una relación con el trabajo de enfermería, fue realizado un estudio bibliográfico para fundar la comprensión del sufrimiento psíquico en el trabajo. El estudio fue realizado con base en el análisis e interpretación de artículos, tesis y disertaciones producidas entre 1990 y 2001. Aunque exista consenso entre los estudiosos sobre la existencia del Estrés y "Burnout", varias controversias están involucradas. Son teorías que nacen en el contexto de la explosión de la producción y el consumo en el capitalismo. El Estrés se refiere a un agotamiento personal que interfiere en la vida del individuo, pero no necesariamente en su relación con el trabajo. El "Burnout" es un síndrome que involucra actitudes y conductas negativas con los usuarios, clientes, la organización y trabajo. Es un proceso gradual de experiencia subjetiva que resulta

  4. Professional practice environment and burnout among nurses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Cristina Gasparino

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to evaluate the professional practice environment of nurses, their relationship with burnout syndrome and the differences among three institutions. Methods: a cross-sectional study developed at one secondary and two tertiary hospitals, with 278 nurses, who filled the Nursing Work Index Revised – Brazilian Version and the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Results: most of these nurses showed job satisfaction and good quality of health care, while few informed intentions to leave their jobs. When comparing the institutions, the secondary level one had more autonomy in nursing practice, more control over the work environment, better relationship with physicians, and lower levels of emotional exhaustion. Conclusion: these findings contribute for the implementation of changes to improve the nursing professional practice, enabling to achieve the satisfaction of those involved in the process, such as patients, professionals, and institutions.

  5. Pascal Chabot, Global Burn-out

    OpenAIRE

    Rollot, Jérémie

    2013-01-01

    « La philosophie est une réflexion pour qui toute matière étrangère est bonne et nous dirions volontiers pour qui toute bonne matière doit être étrangère » écrivait G. Canguilhem. L’ouvrage de Pascal Chabot, par conséquent, porte son regard philosophique sur cet objet étrange et étranger à la philosophie : le burn-out. L’enjeu est de comprendre ce phénomène et de le situer « dans une époque excessive » (p. 12). En effet, le burn-out dépasse le cadre de la pathologie de l’individu, il est path...

  6. O síndrome de Burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigues, Francisco

    2008-01-01

    O síndrome de Burnout aparece como uma patologia associada à vida moderna, pois é o resultado de uma série de condicionantes negativos que as pessoas retiram do seu trabalho e que se repercute na sua vida diária, nomeadamente na sua saúde psíquica. È constituído por três sub-escalas, das quais também importa a sua avaliação individual São o cansaço emocional, a despersonalização e a eficácia profissional. Objectivos: Avaliar os níveis de Burnout nos Docentes da Escola Superior de Saúde...

  7. Burnout in United States Academic Chairs of Radiation Oncology Programs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kusano, Aaron S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington (United States); Thomas, Charles R., E-mail: thomasch@ohsu.edu [Department of Radiation Medicine, Knight Cancer Institute/Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon (United States); Bonner, James A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama (United States); DeWeese, Theodore L. [Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Sciences, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland (United States); Formenti, Silvia C. [Department of Radiation Oncology, New York University, New York, New York (United States); Hahn, Stephen M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Lawrence, Theodore S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Mittal, Bharat B. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Northwestern University, Chicago, Ilinois (United States)

    2014-02-01

    Purpose: The aims of this study were to determine the self-reported prevalence of burnout in chairs of academic radiation oncology departments, to identify factors contributing to burnout, and to compare the prevalence of burnout with that seen in other academic chair groups. Methods and Materials: An anonymous online survey was administered to the membership of the Society of Chairs of Academic Radiation Oncology Programs (SCAROP). Burnout was measured with the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS). Results: Questionnaires were returned from 66 of 87 chairs (76% response rate). Seventy-nine percent of respondents reported satisfaction with their current positions. Common major stressors were budget deficits and human resource issues. One-quarter of chairs reported that it was at least moderately likely that they would step down in the next 1 to 2 years; these individuals demonstrated significantly higher emotional exhaustion. Twenty-five percent of respondents met the MBI-HSS criteria for low burnout, 75% for moderate burnout, and none for high burnout. Group MBI-HSS subscale scores demonstrated a pattern of moderate emotional exhaustion, low depersonalization, and moderate personal accomplishment, comparing favorably with other specialties. Conclusions: This is the first study of burnout in radiation oncology chairs with a high response rate and using a validated psychometric tool. Radiation oncology chairs share similar major stressors to other chair groups, but they demonstrate relatively high job satisfaction and lower burnout. Emotional exhaustion may contribute to the anticipated turnover in coming years. Further efforts addressing individual and institutional factors associated with burnout may improve the relationship with work of chairs and other department members.

  8. Burnout in United States Academic Chairs of Radiation Oncology Programs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: The aims of this study were to determine the self-reported prevalence of burnout in chairs of academic radiation oncology departments, to identify factors contributing to burnout, and to compare the prevalence of burnout with that seen in other academic chair groups. Methods and Materials: An anonymous online survey was administered to the membership of the Society of Chairs of Academic Radiation Oncology Programs (SCAROP). Burnout was measured with the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS). Results: Questionnaires were returned from 66 of 87 chairs (76% response rate). Seventy-nine percent of respondents reported satisfaction with their current positions. Common major stressors were budget deficits and human resource issues. One-quarter of chairs reported that it was at least moderately likely that they would step down in the next 1 to 2 years; these individuals demonstrated significantly higher emotional exhaustion. Twenty-five percent of respondents met the MBI-HSS criteria for low burnout, 75% for moderate burnout, and none for high burnout. Group MBI-HSS subscale scores demonstrated a pattern of moderate emotional exhaustion, low depersonalization, and moderate personal accomplishment, comparing favorably with other specialties. Conclusions: This is the first study of burnout in radiation oncology chairs with a high response rate and using a validated psychometric tool. Radiation oncology chairs share similar major stressors to other chair groups, but they demonstrate relatively high job satisfaction and lower burnout. Emotional exhaustion may contribute to the anticipated turnover in coming years. Further efforts addressing individual and institutional factors associated with burnout may improve the relationship with work of chairs and other department members

  9. Towards a dynamic understanding of burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Dawson, Nicola

    2015-01-01

    Nurses in the UK currently face significant challenges: Austerity measures and efficiency drives have led to staff shortages (Nursing Times, 2013), and nurses suffering from higher rates of stress-related sickness when compared to other sectors (Foureur et al, 2013). The nature of the nursing role leaves nurses particularly vulnerable to burnout (Farrington, 1995). A pragmatic epistemological framework was adopted to conduct a mixed methods study, with qualitative focus, which set out to retr...

  10. Narratives of agency in job burnout recovery

    OpenAIRE

    Andreou, Elena

    2015-01-01

    The present qualitative study investigates the experiences of job burnout recovery and non-recovery concentrating on the role of human agency. This study is additionally interested in workplace change as a component of the recovery process. The four studied individuals had participated and benefited from a rehabilitation that took place two years earlier to conducting the present study, yet their recovery processes after rehabilitation differ greatly from each other. The study uti...

  11. A narrativa como proposta metodológica para o estudo do Burnout

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    Luciana Dutra-Thomé

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A maioria dos estudos em Burnout tem priorizado a utilização de métodos e técnicas que definem a priori seus parâmetros de avaliação. Como uma alternativa a essa tendência, o presente artigo apresentará a perspectiva narrativa como um método que permite à pessoa a livre expressão de sua experiência de adoecimento. Essa ferramenta pode ampliar a compreensão teórica do fenômeno, tradicionalmente abordado pelas seguintes perspectivas: clínica; sócio-histórica e contextual; sociopsicológica; e trajetória de carreira. Após a descrição dessas abordagens, será apresentada a perspectiva narrativa - fornecendo uma visão do Burnout enquanto processo, pois o fluxo narrativo conecta e situa temporalmente elementos tradicionalmente referidos como exteriores (variáveis culturais e laborais e interiores (valores e significados, superando dicotomias. Esses elementos potencialmente integrados em uma narrativa podem contribuir para a realização do diagnóstico diferencial da síndrome e para o aprimoramento das intervenções clínicas.

  12. Burnout heat flux in natural flow boiling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Twenty runs of experiments were conducted to determine the critical heat flux for natural flow boiling with water flowing upwards through annuli of centrally heated stainless steel tube. The test section has concentric heated tube of 14mm diameter and heated lengthes of 15 and 25 cm. The outside surface of the annulus was formed by various glass tubes of 17.25, 20 and 25.9mm diameter. System pressure is atmospheric. Inlet subcooling varied from 18 to 50C. Obtained critical heat flux varied from 24.46 to 62.9 watts/cm2. A number of parameters having dominant influence on the critical heat flux and hydrodynamic instability (flow and pressure oscillations) preceeding the burnout have been studied. These parameters are mass flow rate, mass velocity, throttling, channel geometry (diameters ratio, length to diameter ratio, and test section length), and inlet subcooling. Flow regimes before and at the moments of burnout were observed, discussed, and compared with the existing physical model of burnout

  13. Understanding Burnout and Promoting Engagement among Adjunct Faculty in Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bates, Michael Alan

    2012-01-01

    This mixed methods study explored the phenomenon of job burnout among adjunct faculty at two suburban Illinois community colleges. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators' Survey (MBI-ES) was administered to adjuncts at both colleges to determine overall levels of burnout for the three dimensions of burnout--emotional exhaustion,…

  14. The Effect of Organizational Size on Sport Centers' Employees Burnout.

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    ATHANASIOS KOUSTELIOS

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Organizational size and its relation with burnout were examined among 163 sport centres employees in Greece. Findings showed that there is a significant difference on employees' burnout between small and large sport organizations. Particularly, it was found that employees in small sport organizations experienced lower level of Emotional Exhaustion (p<.05 and higher level of Personal Accomplishment (p<.005.

  15. Factors Related to Burnout: A Review of Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McIntyre, Thomas

    Surveys were completed by 469 special education teachers to investigate the relationship of locus of control to teach burnout. Locus of control was found to correlate significantly with four of six dimensions on the Maslach Behavior Inventory. As teachers reported more external orientation, they also reported a greater degree of burnout. No…

  16. Using Music Therapy Techniques To Treat Teacher Burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheek, James R.; Bradley, Loretta J.; Parr, Gerald; Lan, William

    2003-01-01

    This study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of music therapy techniques as an intervention for teacher burnout. Results of the study indicated that teachers who participated in school-based counseling groups, using music therapy techniques in conjunction with cognitive behavioral interventions, reported lower levels of burnout symptoms…

  17. Factors Influencing Stress, Burnout, and Retention of Secondary Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, Molly H.

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the stress, burnout, satisfaction, and preventive coping skills of nearly 400 secondary teachers to determine variables contributing to these major factors influencing teachers. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) statistics were conducted that found the burnout levels between new and experienced teachers are significantly different,…

  18. Burnout en profesores: Una perspectiva social del intercambio

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schaufeli, W.B.

    2005-01-01

    This article proposes a theoretical perspective on teacher burnout that is based on the principles of social exchange. More specifically, it is argued that burnout results from a lack of reciprocity; that is, from a mismatch between investments and outcomes. Typically, burned-out teachers have given

  19. Predicting Burnout, Conflict Management Style, and Turnover among Clergy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beebe, Ronald S.

    2007-01-01

    Typically, the literature on clergy burnout employs an individual model and describes the pastoral role from the perspective of multiple demands or offers prescriptions for recovery. Although some literature examines the systemic nature of clergy burnout, little attention is paid to the internal psychological dynamics surrounding social…

  20. The level of burnout of housekeeping personnel in accomodation facilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sibel Erkal

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to determine the level of burnout of the housekeeping personnel (cleaner, manager, crew chief working in accommodation facilities and discovering if there was a relationship between their level of burnout and their personal features. In the study a cluster sampling method was used. 12 accommodation facilities in Antalya were handled as cluster and a total of 146 personnel working in these facilities comprised the sample group. A “Burnout Inventory” was used in the study. The study data were analyzed in the SPSS 14.01 program and t-test was used in the data analysis, while the Tukey test was used in the variance analysis and paired comparison. Significant relationships were detected between the level of burnout of the housekeeping personnel participating in the study and their level of education, income level, duties, working time in the facility, weekly working hours, daily working hours, level of satisfaction related to their jobs and their wish to change their jobs (p<0.05. A person experiencing burnout is exhausted and disappointed since he does not gain the things he expected from his way of life or relationships. That’s why it is necessary to approach a burnout event in a multi-dimensional way and deal with the factors causing burnout in different ways. In the literature review there was no study examining the level of burnout concerning individual housekeeping personnel working in accommodation facilities. this study was planned and carried out with this aim.

  1. The level of burnout of housekeeping personnel in accommodation facilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sibel Erkal

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to determine the level of burnout of the housekeeping personnel (cleaner, manager, crew chief working in accommodation facilities and discovering if there was a relationship between their level of burnout and their personal features. In the study a cluster sampling method was used. 12 accommodation facilities in Antalya were handled as cluster and a total of 146 personnel working in these facilities comprised the sample group. A “Burnout Inventory” was used in the study. The study data were analyzed in the SPSS 14.01 program and t-test was used in the data analysis, while the Tukey test was used in the variance analysis and paired comparison. Significant relationships were detected between the level of burnout of the housekeeping personnel participating in the study and their level of education, income level, duties, working time in the facility, weekly working hours, daily working hours, level of satisfaction related to their jobs and their wish to change their jobs (p<0.05. A person experiencing burnout is exhausted and disappointed since he does not gain the things he expected from his way of life or relationships. That’s why it is necessary to approach a burnout event in a multi-dimensional way and deal with the factors causing burnout in different ways. In the literature review there was no study examining the level of burnout concerning individual housekeeping personnel working in accommodation facilities. this study was planned and carried out with this aim.

  2. A Comparison of Burnout in Selected Occupational Fields.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Doris B.

    1990-01-01

    Examined whether degree or extent of burnout is differentiated among workers in six people-oriented fields: health services, banking, social welfare, industry, education, and postal service. Findings from 244 employees in these 6 fields indicated that employees in social welfare tended to experience more burnout than some persons in education,…

  3. Burnout Syndrome in High School Teachers' in Bilecik, Bozuyuk

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    Ahmet Topuzoglu

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available AIM: Burnout syndrome is manifested by physical exhaustion, long lasting tiredness and feelings of hopelessness. And also it consists of individual’s negative attitudes towards to life, occupation and the other persons. Burnout frequently seen in the occupations who work face to face with people like doctors, polices, nurses and managers. Generally teachers’ burnout level is higher than other occupations. Our aim is to determine the burnout levels and related factors of teachers working in high school of Bilecik Bozuyuk. METHODS: Totally 228 teachers participated to this cross sectional study (participating rate is %90.4. To find out the burnout level in these teachers Maslach Burnout Inventory was used. RESULTS: Of the total participants 52.1% were women, median age of participants were 33.0 years (Quartiles: 28.0–40.0 years There was no relation between the burnout level and the years in the occupation, weekly working time and the school that they educated. Occupational high school teachers, unwilingly occupation choosing, bad physical work environment, violence experience in the school significantly had higher points from burn out scale. CONCLUSION: Burnout level was higher in high school teachers, who didn’t want to be a teacher and who were working at bad physical environment and who had violence experience. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2009; 8(3.000: 217-222

  4. Prevalence of burnout in a sample of Brazilian teachers

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    Pedro R. Gil-Monte

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Burnout is a psychological response to chronic work-related stress of an interpersonal and emotional nature. Brazilian law have already contemplated burnout syndrome as a mental and behavioural disorder related to work. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of burnout in a sample of Brazilian teachers. Methods: The sample was composed of 714 teachers from 8 schools in Porto Alegre and its metropolitan area (Brazil. The levels of burnout were evaluated by the Spanish Burnout Inventory, educational version (SBI-Ed. In addition, Psychosomatic disorders were estimated by the UNIPSICO subscale. Results: The percentage of participants who indicated high levels of burnout was 12 % (Profile 1, and 5.6% fell into Profile 2 because they were affected by strong feelings of guilt. Moreover, participants with high scores on the SBI dimensions (low on Enthusiasm toward the job scored significantly higher on psychosomatic disorders than participants with low scores. Conclusions: Based on psychometric considerations, participants who fit Profile 2 of burnout could be considered burnout cases according to Brazilian legislation. However, using a clinical interview to make the diagnosis is recommended.

  5. Effect of the Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) on Teacher Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Ann E.

    2010-01-01

    Teaching is a stressful profession. Often teachers experience burnout and become emotionally and physically spent early in their careers. The level of burnout among teachers in the field of education is having a negative impact on retention, recruitment, and student achievement. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of…

  6. Burnout of Academic Staff in South African Higher Education Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothmann, S.; Barkhuizen, N.

    2008-01-01

    The objectives of this study are to assess the psychometric properties of an adapted version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS) for academic staff in South African higher education institutions and to investigate differences between the burnout levels of different demographic groups. A survey design was used, with stratified…

  7. Examining Teacher Burnout Using Emotional Intelligence Quotients: A Correlational Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammett, Jennifer

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to discern if there are significant differences in a teacher's level of burnout based on his or her emotional intelligence quotient. This quantitative study examined the relationship between demographic characteristics, an emotional quotient inventory, and a burnout inventory to find significant relationships…

  8. Teacher Burnout: Causes and Projected Preventative and Curative Interventions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warrad, Mohammad I.

    2012-01-01

    This mixed methods study examined how teachers at Valley High School internalize the phenomenon of teacher burnout. Teachers at Valley High School are suffering from teacher burnout on a daily basis with little to no support. The teachers at Valley High School were asked to participate in a survey, semi-structured interviews, and class…

  9. Medical Graduates, Tertiary Hospitals, and Burnout: A Longitudinal Cohort Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parr, Justin M.; Pinto, Nigel; Hanson, Martin; Meehan, Ashlea; Moore, Peter T.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Burnout among junior doctors can affect patient care. We conducted a longitudinal cohort study designed to explore the incidence of burnout in medical interns and to examine the changes in burnout during the course of the intern year. Methods: Interns were recruited at two tertiary hospitals in Brisbane, Australia (n=180). Participants completed surveys at four time points during their internship year. All interns (100%) completed the baseline survey during their orientation. Response rates were 85%, 88%, and 79%, respectively, at 5-week, 6-month, and 12-month follow-up. Results: Interns reported high levels of personal and work-related burnout throughout the year that peaked at 6 months with mean scores of 42.53 and 41.81, respectively. Increases of 5.1 points (confidence interval [CI] 2.5,7.7; P=0.0001) and 3.5 points (CI 1.3,5.6; P=0.0015) were seen at 6 months for personal and work-related burnout, respectively. The mean score for patient-related burnout at 12 months was 25.57, and this number had increased significantly by 5.8 points (CI 3.2,8.5; Pburnout was 55.9%. Conclusion: Our study showed that burnout is a common problem among interns. The high incidence of burnout demonstrates the need for appropriate strategies to prevent adverse effects on doctors' quality of life and on the quality of care patients receive. PMID:27046399

  10. Students' Perceptions of Parental Bonding Styles and Their Academic Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Hyojung; Lee, Jayoung; Kim, Boyoung; Lee, Sang Min

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated how parental bonding style affects academic burnout in Korean adolescents. Participants were 447 middle school students, who completed the Parental Bonding Instrument and the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey. MANCOVA results confirmed that adolescents reporting the optimal bonding parental style, for both mother and…

  11. Burnout and Competency Development in Pre-Service Teacher Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Hidalgo, Antonio J.; Calmaestra, Juan; Dios, Irene

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: The burnout syndrome negatively affects the students' academic performance. The relation between academic burnout and the self-perception of skills in initial teacher training is subjected to analysis. Method: A sample of 274 students (average age = 20,61 years old) from the Bachelor Degree in Early Childhood Education and the…

  12. Understanding Burnout in Child and Youth Care Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barford, Sean W.; Whelton, William J.

    2010-01-01

    Burnout is a major concern in human service occupations as it has been linked to turnover, absenteeism, a reduction in the quality of services, numerous physical and psychological disorders, and a disruption in interpersonal relations (Maslach et al. "2001"). Child and youth care workers are especially susceptible to burnout as the inherent…

  13. Approximate physical burnout model for forced convection of saturated fluid

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Approximate physical burnout model for forced convection of saturated fluid is considered. Relationships for determining critical heat flux are presented. They correspond satisfactorily with experimental data. Experimental data on burnout in two-phase flow for various fluids including water and helium are presented

  14. Burnout among primary care physicians: a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephanie Giulianne Silva Morelli

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: to analyze the associations between burnout syndrome and individual and work-related characteristics among primary care physicians. Methods: a systematic review was performed using the Medline (PubMed, SciELO, Lilacs and Cochrane databases. In November, 2013, we ran a search based on the descriptors: “professional burnout”, “health personnel”, and “primary care”. We assessed 2,416 titles and 18 studies were selected. Results: the prevalence of burnout was high among primary care physicians. Burnout was associated with physical illnesses, mental disorders, and alcohol and substance abuse. Physicians who had higher levels of emotional exhaustion were more likely to be absent from work, and to change their job. Physicians suffering from burnout were also more likely to increase pharmaceutical expenditure per patient. The work-related characteristics associated with burnout were: length of employment in primary care, number of working hours per week, number of patients attended, type of employment contract, teaching activity, holiday period, and difficulties in dealing with other staff. Conclusion: the high prevalence of burnout among primary care physicians is a major concern for policy makers, since primary care is the cornerstone of health systems, and burnout syndrome can jeopardize the quality of care provided to populations, and the effectiveness of the entire health care system. Understanding the factors associated with burnout allows the development of strategies for intervention and prevention.

  15. Investigating Occupational Commitment and Turnover Intention Relationship with Burnout Syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Aydem Ciftcioglu

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates burnout components impact on accountant’s occupational commitment and occupational turnover intention interaction. The data used in this study was taken from randomly selected 162 accountants who are the members of Istanbul Chambers of Certified Public Accountants (ICCPA). The results reveal that only emotional exhaustion component of burnout has partial mediating effect between affective occupational commitment and occupational turnover intention.

  16. A Measure of Staff Burnout among Health Professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, John W.

    Staff burnout among health professionals refers to a syndrome of physical and emotional exhaustion involving the development of negative job attitudes, a poor professional self-concept, and a loss of empathic concern for clients. The Staff Burnout Scale for Health Professionals (SBS-HP) is a 20-item inventory assessing cognitive, affective,…

  17. Burnout in Turkish Computer Teachers: Problems and Predictors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deryakulu, Deniz

    2006-01-01

    Burnout is known to be a job-related syndrome. Freudenberger (1974) introduced the term "burnout" to describe the inability to function effectively in one's job as a consequence of prolonged and extensive job-related stress. Teaching has been identified as a highly stressful job. Selye (1974, as cited in Iwanicki, 1983) used the terms "eustress"…

  18. Coping with Stress: Common Sense about Teacher Burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schamer, Linda A.; Jackson, Michael J. B.

    1996-01-01

    Burnout is a syndrome involving a person's inability to cope effectively with the continual bombardment of perceived stressors. More than any other public service professionals, teachers are affected by burnout, resulting in a negative attitude toward students and a loss of idealism, energy, and purpose. Suggests strategies to effectively manage…

  19. Investigating the Relationships between Loneliness and Learning Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Shu-Hui; Huang, Yun-Chen

    2012-01-01

    Loneliness is a common problem for many students. Research indicates that loneliness is associated with relatively poor physical health and depression among students. Burnout in students is also an important issue since it adversely affects students' learning as well as their health and well-being. Both loneliness and learning burnout are related…

  20. Burnout among physicians and nursing staff working in the emergency hospital of Tanta University, Egypt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdo, S A M; El-Sallamy, R M; El-Sherbiny, A A M; Kabbash, I A

    2016-12-01

    Little is known about professional burnout among health-care workers in Egypt. The current study aimed to reveal the extent of burnout among physicians and nursing staff working in the emergency hospital of Tanta University and to identify some of its determinants. A cross-sectional study was carried out on all physicians (n = 266) and a systematic random sample of nurses (n = 284). Burnout was assessed using the Maslach Burnout Inventory and its subscales. Most of the participants (66.0%)had a moderate level of burnout and 24.9% of them had high burnout. Multivariate analysis of variables affecting burnout showed that age, sex, frequency of exposure to work-related violence, years of experience, work burden, supervision and work activities were significant predictors of burnout among the respondents. The authors recommend health education interventions during pre-employment training programmes for prevention of burnout syndrome and periodic screening for early detection and management of burnout. PMID:26996364

  1. Burnout syndrome in educators of regular basic education from Arequipa

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    Walter Lizandro Arias Gallegos

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In the present we expose the results of the study about burnout syndrome incidence in a sample of 233 educators (127 male and 106 female with an age range among 20 and 65 years old, who work in public and private schools in Arequipa City. The Maslach Burnout Inventory for Educators was applied and the results show that 93,7% of male educators has a moderate level of burnout and 6,3% has a severe level, meantime 91,5% of female teachers has a moderate level and 7,5% has a severe level of burnout. Major percentage of male teachers has higher punctuations in exhaustion, cynicism and inefficacy; than female educators. Moreover, we found significant relations (p<,000 among type of educative administration and cynicism and inefficacy. As conclusion, male teachers are more severe affected by burnout syndrome than female teachers, who dedicate to teach students in basic education level

  2. Burnout power in once-through tubular steam generators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present experimental research provides experimental data in a design field where existing burnout correlations are usually extrapolated outside their validity range. Low surface heat fluxes and very long geometries typical of L.M.F.B.R. sodium heated steam generators require full scale water tests. 218 burnout qualities at pressures ranging from 60 to 160 kg/cm2 and specific mass flowrates from 110 to 260 g/cm2s were measured and tested against the most known burnout correlations. Physically it appears that burnout quality is substantially independent from the flowrate, while a sharp subdivision with pressure suggests that for 60 less than p less than 90 kg/cm2 and 110 less than p less than 160 kg/cm2 two different burnout mechanisms may set up. (U.S.)

  3. Burnout among young physicians and its association with physicians’ wishes to leave

    OpenAIRE

    Pantenburg, Birte; Luppa, Melanie; König, Hans-Helmut; Riedel-Heller, Steffi G.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Concerns about burnout, and its consequences, among German physicians are rising. However, data on burnout among German physicians are scarce. Also, a suspected association between burnout and German physicians’ wishes to leave remains to be studied. Therefore, the extent of burnout, and the association between burnout and wishes to leave clinical practice or to go abroad for clinical work was studied in a sample of young physicians in Saxony. Methods: In a cross-sectional survey,...

  4. Impact of Burnout on Self-Reported Patient Care Among Emergency Physicians

    OpenAIRE

    Lu, Dave W; Scott Dresden; Colin McCloskey; Jeremy Branzetti; Gisondi, Michael A.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Burnout is a syndrome of depersonalization, emotional exhaustion and sense of low personal accomplishment. Emergency physicians (EPs) experience the highest levels of burnout among all physicians. Burnout is associated with greater rates of self-reported suboptimal care among surgeons and internists. The association between burnout and suboptimal care among EPs is unknown. The objective of the study was to evaluate burnout rates among attending and resident EPs and examine their...

  5. Comparison of burnout pattern between hospital physicians and family physicians working in Suez Canal University Hospitals

    OpenAIRE

    Kotb, Amany Ali; Mohamed, Khalid Abd-Elmoez; Kamel, Mohammed Hbany; Ismail, Mosleh Abdul Rahman; Abdulmajeed, Abdulmajeed Ahmed

    2014-01-01

    Introduction The burnout syndrome is characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and low personal accomplishment. It is associated with impaired job performance. Methods This descriptive study examined 171 physicians for the presence of burnout and its related risk factors. The evaluation of burnout was through Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). The participant was considered to meet the study criteria for burnout if he or she got a “high“ score on at least 2 of the three dimensio...

  6. Burnout e intenciones de jubilación anticipada entre empleados mayores - Burnout and early retirement intentions among older employees

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Henkens, C.J.I.M.; Leenders, M.

    2009-01-01

    El tema central de este artículo es la jubilación y el burnout de los empleados mayores. Analizamos si existe una relación entre las dimensiones de agotamiento emocional y despersonalización características del burnout y las intenciones de jubilación de los empleados mayores. Asimismo, se investiga

  7. Study of transient burnout characteristics under flow reduction condition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As part of a study of the thermal behavior of fuel rods during Power-Cooling-Mismatch (PCM) accidents in light water reactors, burnout characteristics in a uniformly heated, vertically oriented tube or annulus, under flow reduction condition, were experimentally studied. Test pressures ranged 0.1--3.9 MPa and flow reduction rates 0.44--1100%/s. An analytical method is developed to obtain the local mass velocity during a transient condition. The major results are as follows: With increasing flow reduction rate beyond a threshold, transient burnout mass velocity at the inlet was lower than that in steady state tests under the experimental pressures. The higher system pressure resulted in the less transient effects. At pressures higher than 2.0 MPa and flow reduction rates lower than 20%/s, the local burnout mass velocity agreed with the steady state burnout mass velocity, whereas the local burnout mass velocity became higher than the steady state burnout mass velocity at flow reduction rates higher than 20%/s. At pressures lower than 1 MPa, with increasing flow reduction rate beyond the threshold value of 2%/s, the local burnout mass velocity was lower than the steady state burnout mass velocity. An empirical correlation is presented to give the ratio of the transient to the steady state burnout mass velocities at the burnout location as a function of the steam-water density ratio and the flow reduction rate. The experimental results by Cumo et al. agree with the correlation. The correlation, however, cannot predict the experimental results at higher flow reduction rates beyond 40%/s. (author)

  8. On the clinical validity of the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the Burnout Measure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schaufeli, W.B.; Bakker, A.B.; Hoogduin, C.A.L.; Schaap, C.P.D.R.; Kladler, A.J.

    2001-01-01

    Current knowledge about burnout suffers from a healthy worker bias since only working - and thus relatively healthy - employees have been investigated. The main objective of this study is to examine - for the first time among employees who sought psychological treatment - the validity of the two mos

  9. Born to Burnout: A Meta-Analytic Path Model of Personality, Job Burnout, and Work Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swider, Brian W.; Zimmerman, Ryan D.

    2010-01-01

    We quantitatively summarized the relationship between Five-Factor Model personality traits, job burnout dimensions (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment), and absenteeism, turnover, and job performance. All five of the Five-Factor Model personality traits had multiple true score correlations of 0.57 with emotional…

  10. Job Burnout and Couple Burnout in Dual-Earner Couples in the Sandwiched Generation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pines, Ayala Malach; Neal, Margaret B.; Hammer, Leslie B.; Icekson, Tamar

    2011-01-01

    We use existential theory as a framework to explore the levels of and relationship between job and couple burnout reported by dual-earner couples in the "sandwich generation" (i.e., couples caring both for children and aging parents) in a sample of such couples in Israel and the United States. This comparison enables an examination of the…

  11. Uso do contraste oral negativo em exames de colangiografia por ressonância magnética Use of oral negative contrast agent in magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography examinations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário de Melo Galvão Filho

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Realizamos estudo prospectivo das vias biliares e pancreáticas através de colangiografia por ressonância magnética, com a utilização de meio de contraste oral negativo. Os nossos objetivos foram verificar se este novo meio de contraste melhora a visualização das vias biliar e pancreática, além de identificar a freqüência de efeitos colaterais ao contraste e sua aceitação pelo paciente. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Quinze voluntários (oito homens e sete mulheres com idades variando entre 18 e 54 anos (média de 29 anos, sem queixas ou cirurgias abdominais, foram submetidos a colangiografia por ressonância magnética. Foram realizadas duas seqüências colangiográficas em apnéia, antes e cinco minutos após a ingestão de 300 ml de contraste oral negativo. Os exames foram realizados em equipamento operando a 1,0 T. RESULTADOS: Setenta e três por cento dos voluntários consideraram o gosto ruim ou muito ruim, sugerindo uma aceitação discutível; 27% dos voluntários apresentaram náuseas; 20%, cólicas; 14%, azia ou parestesia labial; e 7%, diarréia. A visualização da via biliar extra-hepática foi considerada melhor após o contraste oral negativo em 9/15 voluntários (60% e do ducto pancreático principal em todos os cinco em que havia interposição de alças. CONCLUSÃO: O contraste oral negativo melhora a visualização dos ductos hepatocolédoco e pancreático principal em exames de colangiografia por ressonância magnética, apesar da baixa aceitação e dos seus efeitos colaterais.OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the feasibility of using a negative oral contrast agent to null the bowel signal during magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Fifteen healthy volunteers with no previous history of pancreaticobiliary disease or surgery were imaged with a single-shot fast spin-echo pulse sequence, using a magnetic resonance imaging system operating at 1.0 T. Data

  12. Influência do tratamento químico da fibra de bananeira em compósitos de poli(etileno-co-acetato de vinila com e sem agente de expansão

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matheus V. G. Zimmermann

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho foi avaliada a influência do tratamento alcalino na fibra de bananeira (FB e seu uso como agente de reforço em compósitos expandidos de poli(etileno-co-acetato de vinila - EVA. O processo de mistura dos compósitos ocorreu em um misturador de rolos aberto e após conformados e expandidos em uma prensa aquecida com moldes de volumes variáveis. Os compósitos foram avaliados por suas propriedades mecânicas, térmicas e morfológicas. Os resultados indicam que o tratamento alcalino promove a extração de componentes menos estáveis na FB, tais como a lignina, hemicelulose, ceras e óleos de baixo peso molecular. O uso da FB nos compósitos proporciona um decréscimo das propriedades mecânicas de resistência à tração e rasgo em relação ao EVA puro devido a moderadas propriedades de interface polímero-fibra. Nos compósitos expandidos, as propriedades mecânicas decrescem com a diminuição da densidade em função da maior presença de espaços vazios no interior dos compósitos, porém as propriedades mecânicas específicas de resistência ao rasgo apresentaram melhores resultados com 10 pcr de FB em todos os moldes utilizados.

  13. The Turkish Adaptation of the Burnout Measure-Short Version (BMS) and Couple Burnout Measure-Short Version (CBMS) and the Relationship between Career and Couple Burnout Based on Psychoanalytic-Existential Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capri, Burhan

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to carry out the Turkish adaptation, validity, and reliability studies of Burnout Measure-Short Form (BMS) and Couple Burnout Measure-Short Form (CBMS) and also to analyze the correlation between the careers and couple burnout scores of the participants from the psychoanalytic-existential perspective. This research…

  14. A newer and broader definition of burnout: Validation of the "Burnout Clinical Subtype Questionnaire (BCSQ-36"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García-Campayo Javier

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Burnout syndrome has been clinically characterised by a series of three subtypes: frenetic, underchallenged and worn-out, with reference to coping strategies for stress and frustration at work with different degrees of dedication. The aims of the study are to present an operating definition of these subtypes in order to assess their reliability and convergent validity with respect to a standard burnout criterion and to examine differences with regard to sex and the temporary nature of work contracts. Method An exploratory factor analysis was performed by the main component method on a range of items devised by experts. The sample was composed of 409 employees of the University of Zaragoza, Spain. The reliability of the scales was assessed with Cronbach's α, convergent validity in relation to the Maslach Burnout Inventory with Pearson's r, and differences with Student's t-test and the Mann-Whitney U test. Results The factorial validity and reliability of the scales were good. The subtypes presented relations of differing degrees with the criterion dimensions, which were greater when dedication to work was lower. The frenetic profile presented fewer relations with the criterion dimensions while the worn-out profile presented relations of the greatest magnitude. Sex was not influential in establishing differences. However, the temporary nature of work contracts was found to have an effect: temporary employees exhibited higher scores in the frenetic profile (p p = 0.018 and worn-out (p Conclusions The classical Maslach description of burnout does not include the frenetic profile; therefore, these patients are not recognised. The developed questionnaire may be a useful tool for the design and appraisal of specific preventive and treatment approaches based on the type of burnout experienced.

  15. In vitro susceptibility testing of dermatophytes isolated in Goiania, Brazil, against five antifungal agents by broth microdilution method Teste de suscetibilidade in vitro de dermatófitos isolados em Goiânia, Brasil, contra cinco agentes antifúngicos pelo método de microdiluição em caldo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Crystiane Rodrigues Araújo

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available The antifungal activities of fluconazole, itraconazole, ketoconazole, terbinafine and griseofulvin were tested by broth microdilution technique, against 60 dermatophytes isolated from nail or skin specimens from Goiania city patients, Brazil. In this study, the microtiter plates were incubated at 28 ºC allowing a reading of the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC after four days of incubation for Trichophyton mentagrophytes and five days for T. rubrum and Microsporum canis. Most of the dermatophytes had uniform patterns of susceptibility to the antifungal agents tested. Low MIC values as 0.03 µg/mL were found for 33.3%, 31.6% and 15% of isolates for itraconazole, ketoconazole and terbinafine, respectively.Atividades antifúngicas de fluconazol, itraconazol, cetoconazol, terbinafina e griseofulvina foram testadas pelo método de microdiluição em caldo contra 60 isolados de dermatófitos. Os resultados mostraram que todos os isolados produziram crescimento claramente detectável a 28 ºC e a concentração inibitória mínima (CIM foi determinada após quatro dias de incubação para Trichophyton mentagrophytes e cinco dias para T. rubrum e Microsporum canis. A maioria dos isolados teve um padrão uniforme de suscetibilidade para os agentes antifúngicos testados. Baixos valores de CIM como 0,03 µg/mL foram encontrados para 33,3%, 31,6% e 15% dos isolados para itraconazol, cetoconazol e terbinafina, respectivamente.

  16. [Burnout among elderly care staff. A review of its prevalence].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nienhaus, A; Westermann, C; Kuhnert, S

    2012-02-01

    Provision of inpatient elderly care is characterized by factors that favor the onset of burnout, with psychosomatic complaints, a drop in performance, periods of absence due to sickness, and early retirement from the sector regularly being observed in this respect. This study summarizes the research of the past 11 years, regarding the prevalence of burnout among inpatient elderly care employees. A total of 24 studies were identified during a systematic database search conducted in May 2011. As the studies conceptualize burnout differently and are based on different survey tools, it is not possible to draw a clear conclusion regarding its prevalence. There is empirical evidence of a correlation between burnout and the care staff/patient ratio, workloads, the freedom to make decisions, job satisfaction, and neuroticism. There is no confirmation of a correlation between burnout and marital status, income, or shift work. There are contradictory findings regarding the correlation between burnout and sociodemographic aspects (e.g., age and gender) as well as burnout and the type of care institution, working hours, and violence perpetrated by patients. PMID:22290165

  17. Health behaviors and personality in burnout: a third dimension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mustafa, Osama M

    2015-01-01

    The high prevalence of burnout among healthcare professionals warrants a thorough examination aimed at improving the current understanding of its predictors and preventive measures. Cecil et al. have underscored the alarming prevalence of burnout among medical students and assessed its association with demographic, lifestyle, and behavioral factors. Of interest, health behaviors were found to be predictive of burnout. The study suggests certain behaviors (such as high physical activity) to be protective, and thus, calls for their establishment early in college life to prevent the development of this professionally-disabling mental state. Although the adoption of advisable health behaviors may independently reduce the risk of burnout, recognition of the existence and influence of closely related factors allows for an enhanced understanding and a greater precision for any conclusions to be made. Personality, through deductive and inductive reasoning, is likely to exert significant influence on both the student's behavior and his/her susceptibility to burnout. Thus, with personality representing--in and of itself--a principal model for prediction of burnout risk, controlling for personality traits when addressing health behaviors' influence per se on burnout is essential. PMID:26365101

  18. Burnout amongst urban secondary school teachers in Namibia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dap Louw

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Burnout seems to be particularly common amongst professionals who help and enable people to cope with the demands of their daily lives.Motivation for the study: The study focused on the magnitude and nature of burnout amongst Namibian teachers as well as the influence of biographical factors on their levels of burnout. Another aim was to determine the extent to which the results of this study correlate with research findings in other countries.Research design, approach and method: The researchers used a non-experimental research method. The study involved more than 300 secondary school teachers from the Windhoek region of Namibia. They administered the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI and a biographical questionnaire to achieve the goals of the study.Main findings: The main findings of the study were that the participants experienced similar levels of burnout compared to teachers in other countries. This was especially true for emotional exhaustion. Teaching experience was the biographical variable that yielded the most significant positive correlation with burnout.Practical/managerial implications: The education authorities should address the emotional needs of secondary school teachers in Namibia urgently. They should introduce effective burnout intervention and prevention programmes. These programmes could result in higher levels of job satisfaction and educational effectiveness. They could also lead to increased general fulfilment and better teacher retention.

  19. Nurses’ Burnout in Oncology Hospital Critical Care Unit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yeliz İrem Tunçel

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Burnout is common in intensive care units (ICU because of high demands and difficult working conditions. The aim of this study was to analyse nurses’ burnout in our oncology ICU and to determine which factors are associated with. Material and Method: The study was carried out in Ankara Oncology Hospital ICU. A self- reporting questionnaire in an envelope was used for the evaluation of burnout (Turkish- language version of Maslach Burnout Inventory and depression (Beck Depression Scale. Results: From a total of 37 ICU nurses, 35 participated in the study (%94,5 response rate. High levels of emotional exhaustion in 82% and depersonalization in 51,4% of nurses was determined. Personal accomplishment was higher at 80%. Mild to moderate emotional state and mild anxiety was revealed. Years in profession,finding salary insufficient, finding the profession in its proper, choosing the profession of his own accord, work environment satisfaction and finding the social activity adequate were associated with burnout (p≤0.05. Conclusion: In our study, intensive care unit nurses’ burnout scores were found to be higher. Burnout was rare in nurses that choose the profession of his own accord, find the nursing profession in its proper, and social activity adequate and are satisfied with the work environment. Therefore, we believe that attention should be given to individual needs and preferences in the selection of ICU staff.

  20. A burnout prediction model based around char morphology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    T. Wu; E. Lester; M. Cloke [University of Nottingham, Nottingham (United Kingdom). Nottingham Energy and Fuel Centre

    2005-07-01

    Poor burnout in a coal-fired power plant has marked penalties in the form of reduced energy efficiency and elevated waste material that can not be utilized. The prediction of coal combustion behaviour in a furnace is of great significance in providing valuable information not only for process optimization but also for coal buyers in the international market. Coal combustion models have been developed that can make predictions about burnout behaviour and burnout potential. Most of these kinetic models require standard parameters such as volatile content, particle size and assumed char porosity in order to make a burnout prediction. This paper presents a new model called the Char Burnout Model (ChB) that also uses detailed information about char morphology in its prediction. The model can use data input from one of two sources. Both sources are derived from image analysis techniques. The first from individual analysis and characterization of real char types using an automated program. The second from predicted char types based on data collected during the automated image analysis of coal particles. Modelling results were compared with a different carbon burnout kinetic model and burnout data from re-firing the chars in a drop tube furnace operating at 1300{sup o}C, 5% oxygen across several residence times. An improved agreement between ChB model and DTF experimental data proved that the inclusion of char morphology in combustion models can improve model predictions. 27 refs., 4 figs., 4 tabs.

  1. Health behaviors and personality in burnout: a third dimension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osama M. Mustafa

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The high prevalence of burnout among healthcare professionals warrants a thorough examination aimed at improving the current understanding of its predictors and preventive measures. Cecil et al. have underscored the alarming prevalence of burnout among medical students and assessed its association with demographic, lifestyle, and behavioral factors. Of interest, health behaviors were found to be predictive of burnout. The study suggests certain behaviors (such as high physical activity to be protective, and thus, calls for their establishment early in college life to prevent the development of this professionally-disabling mental state. Although the adoption of advisable health behaviors may independently reduce the risk of burnout, recognition of the existence and influence of closely related factors allows for an enhanced understanding and a greater precision for any conclusions to be made. Personality, through deductive and inductive reasoning, is likely to exert significant influence on both the student's behavior and his/her susceptibility to burnout. Thus, with personality representing – in and of itself – a principal model for prediction of burnout risk, controlling for personality traits when addressing health behaviors’ influence per se on burnout is essential.

  2. Burnout and Physical Activity in Minnesota Internal Medicine Resident Physicians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Shawn M.; Odo, Nnaemeka U.; Duran, Alisa M.; Pereira, Anne G.; Mandel, Jeffrey H.

    2014-01-01

    Background Regular physical activity plays an important role in the amelioration of several mental health disorders; however, its relationship with burnout has not yet been clarified. Objective To determine the association between achievement of national physical activity guidelines and burnout in internal medicine resident physicians. Methods A Web-based survey of internal medicine resident physicians at the University of Minnesota and Hennepin County Medical Center was conducted from September to October 2012. Survey measures included the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Results Of 149 eligible residents, 76 (51.0%) completed surveys, which were used in the analysis. Burnout prevalence, determined by the Maslach Burnout Inventory, was 53.9% (41 of 76). Prevalence of failure to achieve US Department of Health and Human Services physical activity guidelines was 40.8% (31 of 76), and 78.9% (60 of 76) of residents reported that their level of physical activity has decreased since they began medical training. Residents who were able to meet physical activity guidelines were less likely to be burned out than their fellow residents (OR, 0.38, 95% CI 0.147–0.99). Conclusions Among internal medicine resident physicians, achievement of national physical activity guidelines appears to be inversely associated with burnout. Given the high national prevalence of burnout and inactivity, additional investigation of this relationship appears warranted. PMID:26140116

  3. Controle químico de mancha azul e determinação de alguns de seus agentes causais em Araucaria angustifolia (Bert.) O. Ktze. reflorestada

    OpenAIRE

    Penna, Jose Eduardo

    2013-01-01

    Araucaria angustifolia (pinheiro-do-paraná) é susceptível ao ataque de fungos manchadores, o que desfavorece a comercialização de sua madeira no mercado nacional e internacional. Trabalhou-se num povoamento homogêneo dessa espécie florestal subdividido, desde a bordadura até o centro, em três faixas de largura igual, porém, transversais ao comprimento do mesmo. Abateram-se 36 árvores a cada mês, em 12 meses, transformando-as em toretes de 60cm de comprimento e diâmetro variável. Testaram-se t...

  4. [BURNOUT: PREVENT IT IS TO ADVANCE].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elena Varela, Jonathan

    2015-10-01

    The exercise of nursing and medicine is a gratifying work for the one who exercises it, though, sometimes, the daily reality of the hospitals and the peculiarity of the sector cause that the sanitary personnel presents pictures of stress with more assiduity that another type of professionals, what produces the appearance and the development of the symptoms associated to burnout syndrome. Later, we will try to analyze the principal reasons for which this syndrome appears, the consequences and, very specially, the measures of prevention and treatment. PMID:26685565

  5. Influência do compromisso organizacional na relação entre conflitos interpessoais e a síndrome de esgotamento profissional (burnout) em profissionais de serviços (saúde e educação)

    OpenAIRE

    Mercado-Salgado, Patricia; Pedro R. Gil-Monte

    2011-01-01

    O objetivo deste trabalho é analisar a influência dos conflitos interpessoais no trabalho e do compromisso organizacional sobre a síndrome de esgotamento profissional (burnout), uma resposta psicológica ao estresse profissional crônico que aparece nos profissionais do setor de serviço que trabalham com o público. A amostra do estudo foi composta por 389 mexicanos dos setores de saúde e educação. Os resultados obtidos indicaram que os conflitos interpessoais têm um efeito direto positivo e sig...

  6. Burnout of nurses who work in a government hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurten Kaya

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This research were conducted for the purpose of examining nurses’ burnout levels who work in a government hospital according to some variables.Material and Method: 320 nurses constituted universe of research, all nurses were selected by disproportional group sample method constituted sample of research. The data were collected by using “Personal Information Form”, and “Burnout Measure”. The data gathered were analyzed in the program of SPSS. Findings: It was occurred nurses scored average 3.46±0.68 from Burnout Measure. On the other hand nurses have experienced most physical exhaustion (3.78±0.85 and it is followed by mental exhaustion (3.66±0.54, emotional exhaustion (2.93±1.03 (potential points distribution of measure and elements between 1-7. Nurses were separated among burnout groups according to continuous points in Burnout Measure. In grouping process, nurses who have between 1-3 points were assigned to burnout group-1; 3-4 points to group-2; 4-5 points to group-3; 5-7 points to group-4. It was determined that the 51.9% of nurses had in group 2, 27.8% of them had in group 1, 19.4% of them had in group 3, and 0.9% of nurses had in group 3. It was found characteristics of nurses gender, age, professional and experiences in their unit overcame with statistical relevancies; the variables like marital status, professional education, unit of working didn’t have weight with burnout level.Conclusion: Nurses within the scope of this research are experiencing burnout. Therefore, actions to prevent and to develop strategies for dealing to burnout of nurses must be planned and implemented in both organizational and individual basis.

  7. Burnout of nurses who work in a government hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurten Kaya

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This research was conducted for the purpose of examining nurses’ burnout levels who work in a government hospital according to some variables.Material and Method: 320 nurses constituted universe of research, all nurses were selected by disproportional group sample method constituted sample of research. The data were collected by using “Personal Information Form”, and “Burnout Measure”. The data gathered were analyzed in the program of SPSS. Findings: It was occurred nurses scored average 3.46±0.68 from Burnout Measure. On the other hand nurses have experienced most physical exhaustion (3.78±0.85 and it is followed by mental exhaustion (3.66±0.54, emotional exhaustion (2.93±1.03 (potential points distribution of measure and elements between 1-7. Nurses were separated among burnout groups according to continuous points in Burnout Measure. In grouping process, nurses who have between 1-3 points were assigned to burnout group-1; 3-4 points to group-2; 4-5 points to group-3; 5-7 points to group-4. It was determined that the 51.9% of nurses had in group 2, 27.8% of them had in group 1, 19.4% of them had in group 3, and 0.9% of nurses had in group 3. It was found characteristics of nurses gender, age, professional and experiences in their unit overcame with statistical relevancies; the variables like marital status, professional education, unit of working didn’t have weight with burnout level.Conclusion: Nurses within the scope of this research are experiencing burnout. Therefore, actions to prevent and to develop strategies for dealing to burnout of nurses must be planned and implemented in both organizational and individual basis.

  8. Burnout syndrome in physical therapists – Demographic and organizational factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urszula Pustułka-Piwnik

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: Professional burnout results from prolonged exposure to chronic, job-related stressors. According to Christina Maslach, professional burnout is a syndrome of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment. Literature includes a number of reports on burnout syndrome within health service, but hardly ever do they make any references to physiotherapists. The purpose of this study is assessment of the level of professional burnout in a group of physiotherapists and investigating relationships between the indices of burnout syndrome and selected demographic as well as organizational variables. Material and Methods: The study group consisted of 151 physiotherapists with at least 3 years of experience, employed in various health service outposts in Krakow, Poland. The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI was used to measure emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal accomplishment. A questionnaire for the description of socio-demographic and work characteristics was used as well. Results: Job burnout among the physiotherapists was manifested by an increased emotional exhaustion and decreased sense of personal achievement. Emotional exhaustion was significantly higher among physical therapists working with adults and employed in hospitals, depersonalization was higher among men, hospital workers and employees with seniority from 15 to 19 years, personal accomplishment was decreased among men and less-educated therapists. Conclusions: The study confirmed that indicators of burnout in physiotherapists are significantly associated with selected demographic and organizational variables. It is necessary to undertake a more exhaustive study of burnout in this group of employees, and implement elements of prevention. Med Pr 2014;65(4:453–462

  9. Job Burnout amongst the Institutional Caregivers Working with Individuals with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: Utilization of the Chinese Version of the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Lan-Ping; Lin, Jin-Ding

    2013-01-01

    Burnout has been considered important to understand the well-being of people who work with individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) and developmental disabilities (DD). To identify personal and workplace characteristics associated with burnout, this study aimed to utilize the Chinese version of the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory to provide a…

  10. Emotional burnout and egoism: the peculiarities of interaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Levit L.Z.

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The article under consideration deals with the theoretical and experimental investigation of the interactions between «emotional burnout» and «egoism» concepts. The authors make a conclusion concerning the influence of the «basic» egoism of an individual on the degree of his/her emotional burnout. At the same time, the higher levels of the «Egoism» system and person’s self-actualization are proved to be the factors which prevent from the burnout.

  11. The Role of Isolation in Predicting New Principals’ Burnout

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loran E Stephenson

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Professional isolation has hampered the quality of the work experience for employees in and outside public education for decades. This study explores the role that perceived isolation plays in predicting the quality of the work experience among new principals. The analysis tests whether isolation serves as a mediator in the relationship between factors that are known to affect the quality of work life of principals (social support; role stress; and participation in a structured coaching relationship and three dimensions of burnout. Regression analysis supports the framework that places isolation as a mediator in predicting physical and emotional burnout, but does not support this role for cognitive burnout.

  12. Life stress as potential risk factor for depression and burnout

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Plieger

    2015-03-01

    Conclusion: By considering the influence of life stress it could be demonstrated that depression and burnout are not identical although they share substantial phenotypic variance (r = .46–.61. Most important, the trivariate associations are the same in a representative employee sample and in an inpatient clinical sample suggesting the same underlying mechanisms covering the whole range from normal behavior to psychopathology. However, only longitudinal data can show if burnout necessarily turns into depression with the consequence that the burnout – life stress association approaches the depression – life stress association over time.

  13. Computer simulation of ionizing radiation burnout in power MOSFETs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The first computer simulation of the γ-induced burnout in power MOSFETs is reported here. The modeling results support the current-induced avalanche burnout mechanism at the interface of the epitaxial layer and the substrate coupled with parasitic bipolar transistor action leading to secondary breakdown and thermal runaway. The simulations allow an evaluation of the effects of semiconductor parameters, device geometry, doping profiles and bias voltage on the burnout dose rate threshold. The model provides a method for optimizing the radiation hardness of power MOSFETs

  14. Dry patch formed boiling and burnout in potassium pool boiling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experimental results are presented on dry patch formed boiling and burnout in saturated potassium pool boiling on a horizontal plane heater for system pressures from 30 to 760 torr and liquid levels from 5 to 50 mm. The dry patch formation occurs in the intermittent boiling which is often encountered when liquid alkali metals are used under relatively low pressure conditions. Burnout is caused from both continuous nucleate and dry patch formed boiling. The burnout heat flux together with nucleate boiling heat transfer coefficients are empirically correlated with system pressures. A model is also proposed to predict the minimum heat flux to form the dry patch. (author)

  15. Burnout syndrome in educators of regular basic education from Arequipa

    OpenAIRE

    Walter Lizandro Arias Gallegos; Noelia Araceli Jiménez Barrios

    2013-01-01

    In the present we expose the results of the study about burnout syndrome incidence in a sample of 233 educators (127 male and 106 female) with an age range among 20 and 65 years old, who work in public and private schools in Arequipa City. The Maslach Burnout Inventory for Educators was applied and the results show that 93,7% of male educators has a moderate level of burnout and 6,3% has a severe level, meantime 91,5% of female teachers has a moderate level and 7,5% has a severe level of burn...

  16. Job burnout in 159 anesthesiology trainees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yesim Cokay Abut

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Anesthesiology may be stressful and most anesthesiologists develop mechanisms for coping. However, inexperienced trainee anesthesiologists seem to be vulnerable. We studied stress perception and job burnout in trainee anesthesiologists. Methods: Responses to perceived stress scale (PSS and Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI were evaluated in 159 trainee anesthesiologists. Results: In our results, when perceived stress was increased, emotional exhaustion and depersonalization increased but personal accomplishment decreased, as expected. Perceived stress was very high in the early years of training. There was a negative correlation between age and emotional exhaustion and depersonalization, but positive correlation with personal accomplishment. Female anesthesiologists had higher personal accomplishment, but lower depersonalization points than male anesthesiologists in our study. There was no statistical association between marital status, PSS, and MBI; ≥2 children group had a significant high personal accomplishment but low depersonalization and emotional exhaustion scores. Line regression analysis showed a statistically significant relationship between PSS and emotional exhaustion and between age and depersonalization. Conclusions: Social factors such as gender and number of children affect the work life of our trainees.

  17. Annular burnout data from rod bundle experiments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Burnout data for annular flow in a rod bundle are presented for both transient and steady-state conditions. Tests were performed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in the Thermal Hydraulic Test Facility (THTF), a pressurized-water loop containing an electrically heated 64-rod bundle. The bundle configuration is typical of later generation pressurized-water reactors with 17 x 17 fuel arrays. Both axial and radial power profiles are flat. All experiments were carried out in upflow with subcooled inlet conditions, insuring accurate flow measurement. Conditions within the bundle were typical of those which could be encountered during a nuclear reactor loss-of-coolant accident. Level average fluid conditions within the test section were calculated using steady-state mass and energy conservation considerations for the steady-state tests and a transient, homogeneous, equilibrium computer code for the transient tests. Unlike tube dryout, burnout within a rod bundle does not necessarily occur at one distinct axial level. The location of individual rod dryout was determined by scanning rods axially and locating the position where rod superheat increased from approx. =0 to 30 K or greater. Thermocouple instrumentation within the bundle allows the location of dryout to be determined to within approximately +.5 cm for many of the tests

  18. Concentração de sódio e glicose em soro de reidratação oral preparado por Agentes Comunitários de Saúde Sodium and glucose concentration in therapeutical solution for oral rehydration prepared by Community Health Agents

    OpenAIRE

    Liliane Fernandes do Carmo; Lilian Maciel Rosa Pereira; Camilo Adalton Mariano da Silva; Aureliano Claret da Cunha; Kesia Diego Quintaes

    2012-01-01

    A diarreia infantil é importante causa de morbimortalidade, sendo indicativo para terapia de reidratação oral (TRO). Este estudo objetivou avaliar o teor de sódio e glicose em soro de reidratação oral preparado por Agentes Comunitários de Saúde (ACS) que atuam em Unidades Básicas de Saúde (UBS), caracterizando o perfil e o conhecimento destes sobre a TRO. Após responderem questionário com informações profissionais e sobre a TRO, os ACS a prepararam por três métodos. O teor de glicose e de sód...

  19. The relationship between reciprocity and burnout in Dutch medical residents

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Prins, Jelle T.; Gazendam-Donofrio, Stacey M.; Dillingh, Gea S.; van de Wiel, Harry B. M.; van der Heijden, Frank M. M. A.; Hoekstra-Weebers, Josette E. H. M.

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE This study examined reciprocity in medical residents' relationships with supervisors, fellow residents, nurses and patients, and associations between reciprocity and burnout. Furthermore, we considered if a discrepancy between the perceived and preferred levels of reciprocity influenced th

  20. [Burnout. Stress coping disorder and meaning of life crises].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brühlmann, T

    2013-09-01

    Burnout is not a medical diagnosis but a developmental aberration which is associated with the risk of subsequent mental and somatic diseases. It can be summarized under a fatigue process with stress symptoms, societal-linked stressors and a driving force stress intensifier. In the mental stress circle, burnout presents as an accelerated vicious spiral driven by high demands. Therapeutic stress management encompasses improvement in life balance, cognitive information processing and functionality of the behavioral pattern as well as deceleration of the stress spiral. Burnout is also a meaning of life crisis, triggered by the narrowing of performance and success. The anthropological therapeutic approach targets an enhancement of self-conception and lifestyle. Other available therapy approaches for burnout include pharmacotherapy, coaching, management consulting and inpatient treatment. PMID:24081586

  1. Burnout and stress, depression and self-esteem of teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beer, J; Beer, J

    1992-12-01

    33 teachers from one institutional school setting and 59 teachers from three north central school districts volunteered to complete and return Beck's Depression Scale, the Coopersmith Self-esteem Inventory--Adult Form, Stress Profile for Teachers, and the Staff Burnout Scale for Mental Health Professionals. Analysis of variance (2 x 2) for teaching level (grade and high school) by sex showed those teaching regular classrooms is grade school experienced less burnout and stress than did high school teachers. There was no sex difference. In the institutional setting there was a significant difference on burnout scores between men and women who taught high school; their scores were higher than those of the male grade school teachers. Burnout lie scores were also significantly higher for female high school teachers than for both male and female grade school teachers. Scores on stress were significantly higher for male high school teachers than for both female high school teachers and male grade school teachers. PMID:1480718

  2. Systematic Review of Mindfulness Practice for Reducing Job Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sammons, Amanda

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE. A systematic search and critical appraisal of interdisciplinary literature was conducted to evaluate the evidence for practicing mindfulness to treat job burnout and to explore implications for occupational therapy practitioners. METHOD. Eight articles met inclusion criteria. Each study was assessed for quality using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale. We used the U.S. Agency for Health Care Policy and Research guidelines to determine strength of evidence. RESULTS. Of the studies reviewed, participants included health care professionals and teachers; no studies included occupational therapy practitioners. Six of the 8 studies demonstrated statistically significant decreases in job burnout after mindfulness training. Seven of the studies were of fair to good quality. CONCLUSION. There is strong evidence for the use of mindfulness practice to reduce job burnout among health care professionals and teachers. Research is needed to fill the gap on whether mindfulness is effective for treating burnout in occupational therapy practitioners. PMID:26943107

  3. Boiling and burnout phenomena under transient heat input, 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to simulate the thermo-hydrodynamic conditions at reactor power excursions, a test piece was placed in a forced convective channel and heated with exponential power inputs. The boiling heat transfer and the burnout heat flux under the transient heat input were measured, and pressure and water temperature changes in the test section were recorded at the same time. Following experimental results were obtained; (1) Transient boiling heat transfer characteristics at high heat flux stayed on the stationary nucleate boiling curve of each flow condition, or extrapolated line of the curves. (2) Transient burnout heat flux increased remarkably with decreasing heating-time-constant, when the flow rate was lower and the subcooling was higher. (3) Transient burnout phenomena were expressed with the relation of (q sub(max) - q sub(sBO)) tau = constant at several flow conditions. This relation was derived from the stationary burnout mechanism of pool boiling. (auth.)

  4. Boiling and burnout phenomena under transient heat input, 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports in the experimental results concerning unsteady burnout phenomenon, based on unsteady boiling heat transfer data, burnout heat flux data and the data of changing pressure and water temperature in course of time. These data were acquired by unsteady heating of gas-liquid two phase flow. This experiment simulated the thermohydrodynamic conditions under the runaway power of a nuclear reactor. The following results have been clarified. The boiling with high heat flux showed the same heat transfer characteristics as the steady nuclear boiling curves under each flow condition. Under the conditions of low flow speed and high sub-cool degree, the unsteady burnout heat flux showed the extreme increase of the maximum heat flux owing to the shortening of the time constant. The generation of unsteady burnout phenomena is dominated by two phase flow conditions and by bubble behavior near the heat transfer surface owing to the change of heating conditions and flow conditions. (Tai, I.)

  5. Viewpoint 1. Superbaby Syndrome Can Lead to Elementary School Burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elkind, David

    1987-01-01

    Maintains that there is a danger that prekindergarten and kindergarten children may experience learning problems (stress and "educational burnout") in elementary school if they are exposed to developmentally inappropriate teaching methods in early childhood programs. (BB)

  6. Investigating Occupational Commitment and Turnover Intention Relationship with Burnout Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aydem Ciftcioglu

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates burnout components impact on accountant’s occupational commitment and occupational turnover intention interaction. The data used in this study was taken from randomly selected 162 accountants who are the members of Istanbul Chambers of Certified Public Accountants (ICCPA. The results reveal that only emotional exhaustion component of burnout has partial mediating effect between affective occupational commitment and occupational turnover intention.

  7. Emotional exhaustion and burnout among medical professors; a nationwide survey

    OpenAIRE

    Tijdink, Joeri K; Vergouwen, Anton CM; Smulders, Yvo M.

    2014-01-01

    Background Although job-related burnout and its core feature emotional exhaustion are common among medical professionals and compromise job satisfaction and professional performance, they have never been systematically studied in medical professors, who have central positions in academic medicine. Methods We performed an online nationwide survey inviting all 1206 medical professors in The Netherlands to participate. They were asked to fill out the Maslach Burnout Inventory, a ‘professional en...

  8. The relationship between burnout and mental health among nurses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdi masooleh F

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Burnout is one of the most important factors in reduced productivity in organizations and involves physical and mental signs, especially in the human service professions. The role of nurses in the healthcare system is vital and motivation to ensure health security is extremely important. We carried out this research to examine the relationship between burnout and mental health in the nursing staff of educational hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences.Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted among 200 nurses selected via probable multistage sampling. We used three instruments in this study: 1 demographic questionnaire 2 General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28 and 3 Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI.Results: On the whole, using the MBI subscale, we found low levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization and high levels of reduced sense of personal accomplishment, both in frequency and intensity. The prevalence of symptomatic samples in the GHQ-28 was 43%, and two variables, burnout and poor mental health, were related (p<0.001. Burnout was to be related to gender, age and years of work. The correlation between poor mental health and years of work as well as hours of work in a week were significant. Conclusions: Our results suggest that there is a strong correlation between poor mental health and burnout. Furthermore, the prevalence of symptomatic samples detected in our study using the GHQ-28 was much higher than that reported in studies of the general population. The high prevalence of symptomatic samples and high prevalence of burnout in the dimension of self accomplishment, especially in younger nurses, combined with the strong correlation between poor mental health and burnout all show that care should be taken to improve the stressful conditions that nurses face.

  9. Burnout Among the Clinical Dental Students in the Jordanian Universities

    OpenAIRE

    Amin, Wala Majid; Al-Ali, Muna H.; Duaibis, Ramzi B.; Oweis, Tamara; Badran, Darwish H.

    2009-01-01

    Background The study aimed to evaluate the level of burnout among the clinical dental students in two Jordanian universities. Methods A total of 307 students from the two schools were surveyed using Maslach Burnout Inventory survey. Scores for the inventory’s subscales were calculated and the mean values for the students’ groups were computed separately. Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests were carried out and the results were compared at 95% confidence level. Results The results showed tha...

  10. The Relationship between Academic Procrastination and Students' Burnout

    OpenAIRE

    BALKIS, Murat

    2013-01-01

    In this study, the relationships between academic procrastination, students’ burnout and academic achievement are investigated. The participants comprised 323 students who were enrolled in the different major fields at the Faculty of Education in the Pamukkale University. The ages of respondents varied from 17 to 31. In this study, Aitken Procrastination Inventory, Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey and Personal Information Form were used to gather data. Results from correlation analyse...

  11. Feelings of Existential Fulfilment and Burnout Among Secondary School Teachers

    OpenAIRE

    Loonstra, B.; Brouwers, A.; Tomic, W.

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Teacher burnout is recognized as a serious problem. In research it has been related to many person-specific variables; one of these, the variable of existential fulfilment, has received very little attention thus far. The present study focuses on the relationship between existential fulfilment and burnout among secondary school teachers in the Netherlands (N = 504). Existential fulfilment was made operational by means of the Existential Fulfilment Scale, which distinguishes between t...

  12. Burnout and work engagement among South African psychologists / B. Roothman

    OpenAIRE

    Roothman, Brett

    2010-01-01

    Although numerous and divergent stressors are inherent to the professional life of a psychologist, research regarding burnout and its antipode, work engagement in psychologists is sparse. The current research sought to investigate the nature of and the relationship between job demands, job resources, burnout and work engagement in a group of South African psychologists. The Job Demand-Resources (JD-R) model was employed as the foundation from which to understand and explain the process of...

  13. Burnout, Job Satisfaction, and Medical Malpractice among Physicians

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Kuan-Yu; Yang, Che-Ming; Lien, Che-Hui; Chiou, Hung-Yi; Lin, Mau-Roung; Chang, Hui-Ru; Chiu, Wen-Ta

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: Our objective was to estimate the incidence of recent burnout in a large sample of Taiwanese physicians and analyze associations with job related satisfaction and medical malpractice experience. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional survey. Physicians were asked to fill out a questionnaire that included demographic information, practice characteristics, burnout, medical malpractice experience, job satisfaction, and medical error experience. There are about 2% of total physicians...

  14. Burnout, depression and suicidal ideation in dental students

    OpenAIRE

    Galán, Fernando; Ríos Santos, José Vicente; Polo Padillo, Juan; Rios Carrasco, Blanca; Bullón, Pedro

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: To investigate the prevalence, gender influence, and relationships between burnout, depression and suicidal ideation within the last year among second, fourth and fifth-year dental students. Study Design: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 212 dental students enrolled in the second, fourth and fifth years at the School of Dentistry of Seville using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey and the MBI-Human Services Survey, the “Patient Health Questionnaire-2”, and the ...

  15. Burnout en profesores: Una perspectiva social del intercambio

    OpenAIRE

    Schaufeli, Wilmar B.

    2005-01-01

    This article proposes a theoretical perspective on teacher burnout that is based on the principles of social exchange. More specifically, it is argued that burnout results from a lack of reciprocity; that is, from a mismatch between investments and outcomes. Typically, burned-out teachers have given too much long and received too little too late. According to social exchange theory, lack of reciprocity may develop at three levels: at the interpersonal level in the relationships with students,...

  16. Averting Burnout in Academia; Parenting as Lightning Rod

    OpenAIRE

    Heijstra, Thamar Melanie, 1981-

    2014-01-01

    The academic profession is characterised by autonomy and flexibility but also by a competitive work atmosphere and high workload, which makes it a perfect breeding ground for burnout. Foreign studies have shown burnout rates among academics up to 20 per cent. As for its permeable boundaries, academics have called working in academia a lifestyle rather than a profession. In Iceland it is uncommon to delay or forgo family formation because of career making, even though discourses on work-family...

  17. Cortisol levels, burnout and engagement in university employees

    OpenAIRE

    Ortiz-Valdés, Juan A.; Vega-Michel, Claudia

    2009-01-01

    People’s psychological relationship with work can be conceptualized as a continuum ranging from negative experiences of professional burnout to positive experiences, known as engagement. A retrospective ex post facto study was carried out for the purpose of exploring and measuring the degree of relation of professional burnout and job engagement to cortisol levels and the filing of claims for medical costs among university employees. One hundred ninety-nine subjects participated. A weak posit...

  18. SPECIFIC PROFESSIONAL BURNOUT IN THE EXAMPLE ACTING PROFESSION

    OpenAIRE

    Shestakova K.N.

    2012-01-01

    There are features of burnout peculiar to certain professions, such as the nature of the work performed, the amount of communication in professional activities, the specific subject of employment, etc. This article discusses the specifics of the acting profession, stress factors of professional activities that may contribute to professional burnout actors. These include lack of demand for professional, complex organizational structures and multi-level communication in the process of working o...

  19. Life stress as potential risk factor for depression and burnout

    OpenAIRE

    T. Plieger; Melchers, M.; Montag, C.; Meermann, R; Reuter, M.

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Depression and burnout are two psychopathological labels that have been subject to an extensive discussion over the last decades. The crucial question is whether they can be seen as conceptually equal or as two distinct syndromes. One argument for the distinction is that depression impacts on the whole life of a suffering person whereas burnout is restricted to the job context. Depression has been shown to be affected by life stress. The more stressful life events a person experien...

  20. Nurses’ Job satisfaction and Burnout : Is there a Connection?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rheajane Aguilar Rosales

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Burnout associated with stress has been documented in healthcare professionals including nurses and is considered as one of the potential hazards occurring among individuals who do “people work” (Cherniss, 1980. This study aimed to determine the level of job satisfaction and burnout among nurses in three government hospitals of Samar, Philippines. Descriptive-correlational method of research was utilized to all (48 regular nurses in three Government Hospitals of Western Samar, Philippines. Job Satisfaction Survey (JSS by Pul E. Spector, and Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI by Cristina Maslach were administered to the respondents. Findings indicated that respondents experienced a moderate level of burnout and claimed to be slightly unsatisfied with their job. The highest scored subscale on the JSS was the Nature of the Work (m = 3.97 while the lowest scored subscale was the Fringe Benefit (m = 2.40. Findings revealed that the highest ranked subscale on the MBI was the Emotional Exhaustion (m = 3.28.  On the other hand, Depersonalization subscale was the lowest scored subscale with a mean of 2.74. Analyses also showed that there is a significant relationship between the respondent’s level of burnout and their level of Job Satisfaction. The result showed a statistically significant relationship between the nurse-respondents level of burnout and their level of job satisfaction which may affect on the quality of care given to their patients. Thus, proper measures must be made to prevent and manage nurses’ burnout. Furthermore, it proposed a job enrichment program to increase the level of job satisfaction and prevent burnout.

  1. Nurses’ Job satisfaction and Burnout : Is there a Connection?

    OpenAIRE

    Rheajane Aguilar Rosales; Gilbey Lao Rosales; Leodoro Jabien Labrague

    2013-01-01

    Burnout associated with stress has been documented in healthcare professionals including nurses and is considered as one of the potential hazards occurring among individuals who do “people work” (Cherniss, 1980). This study aimed to determine the level of job satisfaction and burnout among nurses in three government hospitals of Samar, Philippines. Descriptive-correlational method of research was utilized to all (48) regular nurses in three Government Hospitals of Western Samar, Philippines. ...

  2. The Evaluation of Burnout Levels of Sports Sciences Faculty Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kocaeksi, Serdar

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this research is to evaluate the burnout levels of sports sciences faculty students in terms of some other variables. 46 Female (Age, M: 20.88 ± 1.86) and 107 male (Age, M: 22.15 ± 2.15) in total 153 students participated in this research. Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Form (MBI-SF) was used for data collection. Descriptive…

  3. Factors associated with burnout among residents in a developing country

    OpenAIRE

    Zubairi, Akbar Jaleel; Noordin, Shahryar

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Recent literature has focused on burnout as a specific job related distress syndrome among physicians and residents having adverse effects on patient care. Local data on burnout is lacking. Materials & methods An online self-administered questionnaire was sent via email to all residents (325) at our institute with and a response rate of 110 (34%) was achieved. Out of these 82 residents consented and completely filled the questionnaires and were included in the analysis. The quest...

  4. Healthcare Staff Wellbeing, Burnout, and Patient Safety: A Systematic Review

    OpenAIRE

    Hall, L.; Johnson, J; Watts, I; Tsipa, A; O'Connor, D

    2016-01-01

    Objective To determine whether there is an association between healthcare professionals’ wellbeing and burnout, with patient safety. Design Systematic research review. Data Sources PsychInfo (1806 to July 2015), Medline (1946 to July 2015), Embase (1947 to July 2015) and Scopus (1823 to July 2015) were searched, along with reference lists of eligible articles. Eligibility Criteria for Selecting Studies Quantitative, empirical studies that included i) either a measure of wellbeing or burnout, ...

  5. Stress, Burnout and Coping Strategies in Preclinical Medical Students

    OpenAIRE

    Jawad Fares; Hayat Al Tabosh; Zein Saadeddin; Christopher El Mouhayyar; Hussam Aridi

    2016-01-01

    It is acknowledged that physicians do not seek the same expert aid for themselves as they would offer their patients. In their preclinical years, medical students appear to espouse comparable behavior. To many, medicine is described as a never-ending path that places the student under heavy stress and burnout from the beginning, leaving him/her vulnerable and with insufficient coping methods. Hence, the objective of this study is to 1) explore the prevalence of stress and burnout among precli...

  6. Twelve-hour shifts: burnout or job satisfaction?

    OpenAIRE

    Dall'Ora, C.; Griffiths, P; Ball, J.

    2016-01-01

    Job satisfaction and burnout in the nursing workforce are global concerns. Not only do job satisfaction and burnout affect the quality and safety of care, but job satisfaction is also a factor in nurses’ decisions to stay or leave their jobs. Shift patterns may be an important aspect influencing wellbeing and satisfaction among nurses. Many hospitals worldwide are moving to 12-hour shifts in an effort to improve efficiency and cope with nursing shortages. But what is the effect of these work ...

  7. Factors associated with burnout among residents in a developing country

    OpenAIRE

    Akbar Jaleel Zubairi; Shahryar Noordin

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Recent literature has focused on burnout as a specific job related distress syndrome among physicians and residents having adverse effects on patient care. Local data on burnout is lacking. Materials & methods: An online self-administered questionnaire was sent via email to all residents (325) at our institute with and a response rate of 110 (34%) was achieved. Out of these 82 residents consented and completely filled the questionnaires and were included in the analysis. The ...

  8. The Interrelationships of Coping Styles and Professional Burnout Among Physiotherapists

    OpenAIRE

    Nowakowska-Domagala, Katarzyna; Jablkowska-Górecka, Karolina; Kostrzanowska-Jarmakowska, Lilianna; Mortoń, Marta; Stecz, Patryk

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Burnout is a pathological syndrome in which emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalization (DEP), and a reduced sense of personal accomplishment (PA) develop in response to prolonged occupational stress. Those working in the physiotherapy profession appear to be at risk for professional burnout brought on by the specific character of the medical professions, involving continuous contact with patients and associated stress, as well as poor working conditions. However, literature data co...

  9. BURNOUT MIDWIVES WORKING IN NEONATAL INTESIVE CARE UNIT

    OpenAIRE

    Nanou, Christina; Gourounti, Kleanthi; Palaska, Ermioni; Mallidou, Anastasia; Sarantaki, Antigoni

    2015-01-01

    Abstract  Introduction: The considerably low proportion of midwives in closed wards in Greek hospitals in combination with the highly stressful environment may lead to burnout syndrome (BS).  Aim: It was to explore burnout syndrome (BS) that experience midwives working in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU) and the factors associated with its' occurrence.  Methods: The sample studied consisted of midwives working in Νeonatal Intensive Care Unit in hospitals ...

  10. Burnout syndrome among employees of the company THOME Lighting

    OpenAIRE

    Opltová, Daniela

    2015-01-01

    This bachelor thesis focuses on the employee burnout syndrome at the production department of the company THOME Lighting. The substance of the thesis is the determination of, whether the employees are at risk for the burnout syndrome, or if they already have it. The theoretical part deals with the description of the syndrome, its symptoms, risk factors, individual phases, prevention and treatment. Further, the practical part summarizes the research solutions. For the research I chose the ques...

  11. Correlation between workplace and occupational burnout syndrome in nurses

    OpenAIRE

    Omid Ahmadi; Reza Azizkhani; Monem Basravi

    2014-01-01

    Background: This study was conducted to determine the effect of nurses′ workplace on burnout syndrome among nurses working in Isfahan′s Alzahra Hospital as a reference and typical university affiliated hospital, in 2010. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 100 nurses were randomly selected among those working in emergency, orthopedic, dialysis wards and intensive care unit (ICU). Required data on determination of occupational burnout rate among the nurses of these wards ...

  12. The Relationship between Teachers' Occupational Professionalism and Burnout

    OpenAIRE

    ÇELİK, Mustafa; Kürşad YILMAZ

    2015-01-01

    In this study, it was aimed to determine the relationship between teachers’ occupational professionalism and burnout. The study was designed in the survey model. The sample of the study is consisted of 358 teachers in the city center of Kütahya. The study data was collected The Occupational Professionalism Scale of Teachers and The Maslach Burnout Inventory. In the study, descriptive statistics, t-test for comparisons and one way variance analysis, and Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coeff...

  13. Validity of microporous polysaccharide hemispheres as a hemostatic agent in hepatic injuries: an experimental study in rats Validade de hemosferas microporosas de polissacarídeos como agente hemostático em ferimentos hepáticos: estudo experimental em ratos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Lourdes Pessole Biondo-Simões

    2007-01-01

    riscos de sangramento. Daí a necessidade de se procurar substâncias capazes de promover a hemostasia de forma rápida e efetiva. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi reconhecer a validade do uso de hemosferas microporosas de polissacarídeos (MPH como agente hemostático para lesões hepáticas. MÉTODOS: Utilizaram-se 30 ratos Wistar distribuídos em três grupos. Sob anestesia, fez-se uma laparotomia e produziu-se um ferimento hepático padrão que foi tratado no grupo A com MPH, no grupo B, com n-butil-2-cianoacrilato e no grupo C com adesivo de fibrina. Cronometrou-se o tempo para a obtenção da hemostasia imediata, a existência de sangramento tardio e a evolução histológica. RESULTADOS: O MPH levou, em média, seis minutos para promover a hemostasia e apresentou re-sangramento exigindo reaplicação, o n-butil-2-cianoacrlato, 20 segundos e o adesivo de fibrina, um minuto. O cianoacrilato promoveu aderências mais intensas. Os três adesivos determinaram principalmente reação inflamatória do tipo crônico. As feridas tratadas com cianoacrilato apresentaram maior área de lesão (p=0,0164. A densidade do colágeno foi semelhante entre os grupos. CONCLUSÃO: O MPH, embora tenha conseguido hemostasia, não se mostrou mais favorável do que o n-butil-2-cianoacrilato e o adesivo de fibrina sendo que este último promoveu a menor reação tecidual.

  14. Controle de mosquitos com base em larvicidas no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil: a escolha do agente de controle Mosquito control based on larvicides in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: choice of the control agent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antônio L. Ruas-Neto

    1994-06-01

    Full Text Available Desenvolveu-se neste estudo uma comparação entre larvicidas químicos e biológicos usados em programas de controle de mosquitos no Rio Grande do Sul. Em bioensaios de laboratório contra Culex quinquefasciatus constatou-se que as formulações biológicas líquidas Vectobac 12 AS e Teknar 3000 (Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis, ABG 6262 líquido e em pó (B. sphaericus 2362, foram altamente eficazes. Também as formulações experimentais de B. thuringiensis israelensis produzidas em laboratórios brasileiros foram consideradas adequadas. Entre as formulações químicas, os compostos piretróides Pirisa e K-Othrine produziram resultados melhores do que os organo-fosforados Lebaycid e Abate. Estes últimos produziram respostas dez vezes mais fracas do que o previsto em outros estudos. Em condições de campo, a dose de 1250 mg/m² para as formulações biológicas foi considerada adequada para a rotina das aplicações, porque permite superar as influências físicas do meio sobre os resultados. Somente as formulações de B. sphaericus produziram interrupções nas reinfestações dos focos de culicídeos observados. Períodos de até 39 semanas sem reinfestações foram observados em focos naturais e de um mês sem sobrevivência foi observado em tanques, onde procedia-se a reinfestação artificial. Este estudo sugere que as alternativas biológicas devem ser consideradas em programas de controle de mosquitos. Elas podem superar os problemas de resistência e eliminação, bem como da ausência de efeito residual nas aplicações de larvicidas.A comparison between chemical and biological larvicides in routine operations against mosquitoes in Rio Grande do Sul State was carried out in this study. In laboratory bioassays against Culex quinquefasciatus, biological formulations Vectobac 12 AS and Teknar 3000 (Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis as well as ABG 6262 (B. sphaericus 2362, both in liquid and powder form, were highly effective

  15. Risk of Burnout in Danish GPs and Exploration of Factors Associated with Development of Burnout: A Two-Wave Panel Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anette Fischer Pedersen

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. We assessed risk of burnout in GPs during a 7-year followup and examined whether (1 thoughts about changing medical specialty increased the risk of burnout and (2 burned out GPs had higher job turnover rates than burnout-free GPs. Methods. In 2004 and 2012, all GPs in the county of Aarhus, Denmark, were invited to participate in a survey. Retirement status of physicians who participated in 2004 was obtained through the Registry of Health Providers in 2012. Results. 216 GPs completed both surveys. The risk of developing burnout during the 7-year followup was 13.2% (8.2–19.6%. GPs who in 2004 were burnout-free and reported that they would not select general practice as medical specialty again had a statistically significant increased risk of burnout in 2012 (OR = 4.5; 95% CI = 1.2–16.5; P=0.023. Among GPs with burnout in 2004, 25.0% had withdrawn from general practice during followup compared to 28.8% of burnout-free GPs in 2004 (adj. OR = 0.99; 95% CI = 0.48–2.02; P=0.975. Conclusion. The 7-year incidence of burnout was 13%. Thoughts about changing medical specialty were an important predictor of burnout. Burned out GPs had not higher job turnover rates than burnout-free GPs.

  16. Stress, Burnout and Coping Strategies in Preclinical Medical Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fares, Jawad; Al Tabosh, Hayat; Saadeddin, Zein; El Mouhayyar, Christopher; Aridi, Hussam

    2016-02-01

    It is acknowledged that physicians do not seek the same expert aid for themselves as they would offer their patients. In their preclinical years, medical students appear to espouse comparable behavior. To many, medicine is described as a never-ending path that places the student under heavy stress and burnout from the beginning, leaving him/her vulnerable and with insufficient coping methods. Hence, the objective of this study is to 1) explore the prevalence of stress and burnout among preclinical medical students, and 2) propose solutions to decrease stress and burnout and improve medical education in the preclinical years. A detailed scholarly research strategy using Google Scholar, Scopus, Embase, MEDLINE and PubMed was implemented to highlight key themes that are relevant to preclinical medical students' stress and burnout. Stress varied among different samples of medical students and ranged between 20.9% and 90%. Conversely, burnout ranged between 27% and 75%. Methods that help in reducing the incidence of stress and burnout by promoting strategies that focus on personal engagement, extracurricular activities, positive reinterpretation and expression of emotion, student-led mentorship programs, evaluation systems, career counseling and life coaching should be adopted. PMID:27042604

  17. Learned Resourcefulness and Burnout Levels of English Teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gülten Genç

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between some individual characteristics, learned resourcefulness and burn out on the one hand and the relationships between burn out and learned resourcefulness on the other. The participants in this research included 163 English teachers teaching in the schools located in Malatya. The participants were asked to anonymously fill out a questionnaire involving three parts which respectively investigated their background, burnout level and learned resourcefulness (Rosenbaum’s Learned Resourcefulness Scale and Maslach Burnout Inventory. The findings indicated that more than half of the teachers possess moderately high level of learned resourcefulness and they are experiencing burnout at moderate level in three aspects of MBI. In addition, the analysis suggested an inverse relationship between learned resourcefulness and the three burnout subscales: as learned resourcefulness increases, emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and lack of personal accomplishment decrease. Furthermore; the independent variables (age, gender, and marital status were not found to be significant in learned resourcefulness and any of the burnout dimensions. “The school type” is the only variable which was found to be significant in the three burnout sub-dimensions. Results are discussed in the light of current literature and suggestions were provided.

  18. A burnout prediction model based around char morphology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tao Wu; Edward Lester; Michael Cloke [University of Nottingham, Nottingham (United Kingdom). School of Chemical, Environmental and Mining Engineering

    2006-05-15

    Several combustion models have been developed that can make predictions about coal burnout and burnout potential. Most of these kinetic models require standard parameters such as volatile content and particle size to make a burnout prediction. This article presents a new model called the char burnout (ChB) model, which also uses detailed information about char morphology in its prediction. The input data to the model is based on information derived from two different image analysis techniques. One technique generates characterization data from real char samples, and the other predicts char types based on characterization data from image analysis of coal particles. The pyrolyzed chars in this study were created in a drop tube furnace operating at 1300{sup o}C, 200 ms, and 1% oxygen. Modeling results were compared with a different carbon burnout kinetic model as well as the actual burnout data from refiring the same chars in a drop tube furnace operating at 1300{sup o}C, 5% oxygen, and residence times of 200, 400, and 600 ms. A good agreement between ChB model and experimental data indicates that the inclusion of char morphology in combustion models could well improve model predictions. 38 refs., 5 figs., 6 tabs.

  19. Psychometric properties of the Burnout Inventory for Referees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Regina Ferreira Brandão

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the Burnout Inventory for Referees (BIR in Portuguese in a sample of professional soccer referees and to explore the nomological validity of the inventory through concurrent validation. The analysis showed a factorial structure of burnout for the referees with one second order factor and three first order factors; physical and emotional exhaustion, reduced sense of accomplishment and sport devaluation. A cross-validation procedure showed that the factor structure was replicable, and the inventory demonstrated internal reliability as well as convergent and discriminant validity. In addition, the study assessed the concurrent validity of the inventory by examining the correlation between the scores of the Burnout Inventory for Referees and the scores of the Profile of Mood States (POMS. The subscales of burnout and total burnout were positively correlated with tension, depression, anger, fatigue and confusion and negatively with vigor, as expected. In conclusion, the Portuguese version of BIR presents good evidence of validity and reliability in the assessment of referees who may be at risk of suffering from burnout.

  20. Stress, Burnout and Coping Strategies in Preclinical Medical Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fares, Jawad; Al Tabosh, Hayat; Saadeddin, Zein; El Mouhayyar, Christopher; Aridi, Hussam

    2016-01-01

    It is acknowledged that physicians do not seek the same expert aid for themselves as they would offer their patients. In their preclinical years, medical students appear to espouse comparable behavior. To many, medicine is described as a never-ending path that places the student under heavy stress and burnout from the beginning, leaving him/her vulnerable and with insufficient coping methods. Hence, the objective of this study is to 1) explore the prevalence of stress and burnout among preclinical medical students, and 2) propose solutions to decrease stress and burnout and improve medical education in the preclinical years. A detailed scholarly research strategy using Google Scholar, Scopus, Embase, MEDLINE and PubMed was implemented to highlight key themes that are relevant to preclinical medical students’ stress and burnout. Stress varied among different samples of medical students and ranged between 20.9% and 90%. Conversely, burnout ranged between 27% and 75%. Methods that help in reducing the incidence of stress and burnout by promoting strategies that focus on personal engagement, extracurricular activities, positive reinterpretation and expression of emotion, student-led mentorship programs, evaluation systems, career counseling and life coaching should be adopted. PMID:27042604