WorldWideScience

Sample records for burnout devices

  1. Burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Woitsch, Marek

    2015-01-01

    This thesis deals with the issue of burnout. The work is divided into two parts. The theoretical part defines the concepts of burnout, its risks, symptoms, stages and treatment. The second part deals with research in gastronomy and in the helping professions through MBI questionnaire. Its aim is to determine the level of burnout of the sample according to gender, age group and length of practice. Results analyze and determine which group is more vulnerable.

  2. Experiment research on single event burnout of power MOSFET devices with 252Cf source

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The method in simulation of radiation effect test by 252Cf source was introduced, and the single event burnout experiment was carried out. The research result indicates that power MOSFET devices should be operated at the lowest voltage range un- der the radiation environment in the space, and adding a resister to confine the current in the circuit is an effective reinforce to avoid single event burnout. (authors)

  3. Prediction Methodology for Proton Single Event Burnout: Application to a STRIPFET Device

    CERN Document Server

    Siconolfi, Sara; Oser, Pascal; Spiezia, Giovanni; Hubert, Guillaume; David, Jean-Pierre

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a single event burnout (SEB) sensitivity characterization for power MOSFETs, independent from tests, through a prediction model issued from TCAD analysis and the knowledge of device topology. The methodology is applied to a STRIPFET device and compared to proton data obtained at PSI, showing a good agreement in the order of magnitude of proton SEB cross section, and thus validating the prediction model as an alternative device characterization with respect to SEB.

  4. Triggering Mechanism for Neutron Induced Single-Event Burnout in Power Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shoji, Tomoyuki; Nishida, Shuichi; Hamada, Kimimori

    2013-04-01

    Cosmic ray neutrons can trigger catastrophic failures in power devices. It has been reported that parasitic transistor action causes single-event burnout (SEB) in power metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors (MOSFETs) and insulated gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs). However, power diodes do not have an inherent parasitic transistor. In this paper, we describe the mechanism triggering SEB in power diodes for the first time using transient device simulation. Initially, generated electron-hole pairs created by incident recoil ions generate transient current, which increases the electron density in the vicinity of the n-/n+ boundary. The space charge effect of the carriers leads to an increase in the strength of the electric field at the n-/n+ boundary. Finally, the onset of impact ionization at the n-/n+ boundary can trigger SEB. Furthermore, this failure is closely related to diode secondary breakdown. It was clarified that the impact ionization at the n-/n+ boundary is a key point of the mechanism triggering SEB in power devices.

  5. Burnout mechanizms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Different causes of the burnout are reviewed. Possible burnout mechanism are enumerated. Burnout at pool boaling is compared with burnout under forced convection. Experiments on burnout visualization and measurement of the consumption in the film at burnout are described. The entrainment diagram is introduced, and its analytical presentation is discussed. Different burnout zones are considered and the notion of controlled precipitation is mentioned. The application of the technique of annular flows modelling is described

  6. First observations of power MOSFET burnout with high energy neutrons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Single event burnout was seen in power MOSFETs exposed to high energy neutrons. Devices with rated voltage ≥400 volts exhibited burnout at substantially less than the rated voltage. Tests with high energy protons gave similar results. Burnout was also seen in limited tests with lower energy protons and neutrons. Correlations with heavy-ion data are discussed. Accelerator proton data gave favorable comparisons with burnout rates measured on the APEX spacecraft. Implications for burnout at lower altitudes are also discussed

  7. Burnout calculation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reviewed is the effect of heat flux of different system parameters on critical density in order to give an initial view on the value of several parameters. A thorough analysis of different equations is carried out to calculate burnout is steam-water flows in uniformly heated tubes, annular, and rectangular channels and rod bundles. Effect of heat flux density distribution and flux twisting on burnout and storage determination according to burnout are commended

  8. 16 CFR 1507.6 - Burnout and blowout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Burnout and blowout. 1507.6 Section 1507.6... FIREWORKS DEVICES § 1507.6 Burnout and blowout. The pyrotechnic chamber in fireworks devices shall be constructed in a manner to allow functioning in a normal manner without burnout or blowout....

  9. Job burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maslach, C; Schaufeli, W B; Leiter, M P

    2001-01-01

    Burnout is a prolonged response to chronic emotional and interpersonal stressors on the job, and is defined by the three dimensions of exhaustion, cynicism, and inefficacy. The past 25 years of research has established the complexity of the construct, and places the individual stress experience within a larger organizational context of people's relation to their work. Recently, the work on burnout has expanded internationally and has led to new conceptual models. The focus on engagement, the positive antithesis of burnout, promises to yield new perspectives on interventions to alleviate burnout. The social focus of burnout, the solid research basis concerning the syndrome, and its specific ties to the work domain make a distinct and valuable contribution to people's health and well-being. PMID:11148311

  10. Equivalent properties of single event burnout induced by different sources

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Shi-Yu; CAO Zhou; DA Dao-An; XUE Yu-Xiong

    2009-01-01

    The experimental results of single event burnout induced by heavy ions and 252Cf fission fragments in power MOSFET devices have been investigated. It is concluded that the characteristics of single event burnout induced by 252Cf fission fragments is consistent to that in heavy ions. The power MOSFET in the "turn-off" state is more susceptible to single event burnout than it is in the "turn-on" state. The thresholds of the drain-source voltage for single event burnout induced by 173 MeV bromine ions and 252Cf fission fragments are close to each other, and the burnout cross section is sensitive to variation of the drain-source voltage above the threshold of single event burnout. In addition, the current waveforms of single event burnouts induced by different sources are similar. Different power MOSFET devices may have different probabilities for the occurrence of single event burnout.

  11. Equivalent properties of single event burnout induced by different sources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The experimental results of single event burnout induced by heavy ions and 252Cf fission fragments in power MOSFET devices have been investigated. It is concluded that the characteristics of single event burnout induced by 252Cf fission fragments is consistent to that in heavy ions. The power MOSFET in the 'turn-off' state is more susceptible to single event burnout than it is in the 'turn-on' state. The thresholds of the drain-source voltage for single event burnout induced by 173 MeV bromine ions and 252Cf fission fragments are close to each other, and the burnout cross section is sensitive to variation of the drain-source voltage above the threshold of single event burnout. In addition, the current waveforms of single event burnouts induced by different sources are similar. Different power MOSFET devices may have different probabilities for the occurrence of single event burnout. (authors)

  12. Burnout syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Bábská, Simona

    2014-01-01

    This bachelor thesis deals with the so-called burnout syndrome, which, as I believe, is getting to be a serious problem in today´s busy world. This issue deserves a full attention especially from those concerned – workers in assisting professions. What usually precedes the burnout syndrome is a big enthusiasm and motivation for work in which a potential patient can help other people and get them out of their troubles, sometimes he /she feels even like having a mission. However, without kno...

  13. What Is Caregiver Burnout?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... heart Lifestyle + Risk Reduction Caregiving What Is Caregiver Burnout? Caregiver burnout is caused by too much long-term stress. ... themselves. They begin to show signs of caregiver burnout. Your healthy body, mind and spirit benefit your ...

  14. Burnout Syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Panova, Gordana; Panov, Nenad; Stojanov, H; Sumanov, Gorgi; Panova, Blagica; Stojanovski, Angel; Nikolovska, Lence; Jovevska, Svetlana; Trajanovski, D; Asanova, D

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Increasing work responsibilities, allocation of duties, loss of energy and motivation in everyday activities, emotional exhaustion, lack of time for themselves, insuffi cient time for rest and recreation, dissatisfaction in private life. All these symptoms can be cause of Burnout Syndrome. Aim: To see the importance of this syndrome, the consequences of job dissatisfaction, the environment, family and expression in drastic chan...

  15. Burnout syndrome

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kebza, V.; Šolcová, Iva

    Praha: EFPA/UPA, 2007 - (Polišenská, V.; Šolc, M.; Kotrlová, J.). s. 31 ISBN 978-80-7064-017-3. [European Conress of Psychology /10./. 03.07.2007-06.07.2007, Praha] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA406/06/0747 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70250504 Keywords : burnout syndrome * type D personality * physiological indicators Subject RIV: AN - Psychology

  16. From Teacher Burnout to Student Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    PP, Noushad

    2008-01-01

    Originally, Burnout was a common work related phenomena resulting of severe stress. Burnout is considered to be a long-term stress reaction that particularly occurs among professionals who work with people in some capacity--like teachers, nurses, or social workers. Although various definitions of burnout exist, it is most commonly described as a…

  17. Factors Influencing Teacher Burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raquepaw, Jayne; deHaas, Patricia A.

    Burnout is a syndrome of emotional exhaustion and cynicism frequently occurring among human services professionals. Education is one profession whose members are particularly susceptible to burnout. There is a need to identify causes of burnout and possible ameliorative strategies, as perceived by teachers. The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), a…

  18. [Burnout: a useful diagnosis?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thalhammer, Matthias; Paulitsch, Klaus

    2014-01-01

    In psychiatry, burnout is a relevant phenomenon. A large number of individuals is feeling overburdened at work. In contrast to mental disorders, the term 'burnout' is not perceived as stigmatizing, making it therefore easier for afflicted persons to seek help. The term 'burnout syndrome' was mentioned 1974 for the first time in scientific literature. Today, there is a range of partially contradictory definitions and explanations for burnout and the burnout syndrome, respectively. In most studies, burnout is assessed by the Maslach Burnout Inventory, which is neither useful for determining the degree of pathology nor for distinguishing burnout from mental disorders such as depression. It is expected that the burnout syndrome will not be used in modern diagnostic classification systems, because of its unclear definition and conceptual contradictions. On these grounds, it appears reasonable to define burnout as long-term professional overload and a noteworthy risk factor for physical diseases and mental disorders. PMID:24841902

  19. Electrical pulse burnout of transistors in intense ionizing radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tests examining possible synergistic effects of electrical pulses and ionizing radiation on transistors were performed and energy/power thresholds for transistor burnout determined. The effect of ionizing radiation on burnout thresholds was found to be minimal, indicating that electrical pulse testing in the absence of radiation produces burnout-threshold results which are applicable to IEMP studies. The conditions of ionized transistor junctions and radiation induced current surges at semiconductor device terminals are inherent in IEMP studies of electrical circuits

  20. DETECTORS AND EXPERIMENTAL METHODS: Equivalent properties of single event burnout induced by different sources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Shi-Yu; Cao, Zhou; Da, Dao-An; Xue, Yu-Xiong

    2009-05-01

    The experimental results of single event burnout induced by heavy ions and 252Cf fission fragments in power MOSFET devices have been investigated. It is concluded that the characteristics of single event burnout induced by 252Cf fission fragments is consistent to that in heavy ions. The power MOSFET in the “turn-off" state is more susceptible to single event burnout than it is in the “turn-on" state. The thresholds of the drain-source voltage for single event burnout induced by 173 MeV bromine ions and 252Cf fission fragments are close to each other, and the burnout cross section is sensitive to variation of the drain-source voltage above the threshold of single event burnout. In addition, the current waveforms of single event burnouts induced by different sources are similar. Different power MOSFET devices may have different probabilities for the occurrence of single event burnout.

  1. First nondestructive measurements of power MOSFET single event burnout cross sections

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new technique to nondestructively measure single event burnout cross sections for N-channel power MOSFETs is presented. Previous measurements of power MOSFET burnout susceptibility have been destructive and thus not conducive to providing statistically meaningful burnout probabilities. The nondestructive technique and data for various device types taken at several accelerators, including the LBL Bevalac, are documented. Several new phenomena are observed

  2. Burnout and sleep

    OpenAIRE

    Ekstedt, Mirjam

    2005-01-01

    Burnout and Sleep The overall aim of this thesis was to describe the physiological characteristics of sleep in persons with burnout and the relation between sleep and a number of physiological stress markers. The aim was also to evaluate the diurnal pattern of subjective sleepiness and fatigue across workday and weekend, and to describe the experiences of time preceding burnout from a life world perspective. This thesis focuses on burnout in white-collar workers; one gro...

  3. Occupational Burnout among Librarians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haack, Mary; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Outlines stages of occupational burnout (enthusiasm, stagnation, frustration, apathy) and begins empirical assessment of burnout syndrome among librarians and other information professionals. Results of pilot survey conducted at one-day conference on reference service using two measures (Staff Burnout Scale for Health Professionals, projective…

  4. The Happiness of Burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Finn Janning

    2014-01-01

    In the novel A Burnout-Out Case, Graham Greene argues for an intimate relationship between burnout and happiness. The novel claims that a life worth living is a continuous balancing between something painful, e.g. burnout and something desirable, e.g. happiness. In this essay, I try to make a case for the happiness of burnout. By examining the case story of a young artist, who suffered from burnout, I describe how such suffering might open up for a necessary reevaluation of the values that ac...

  5. Burnout in Radiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicola, Refky; McNeeley, Michael F; Bhargava, Puneet

    2015-01-01

    Burnout is a psychological syndrome that arises in the setting of prolonged work-related stress. Although its specific manifestations are highly variable, the core features of burnout include emotional exhaustion, callousness or apathy towards patients or peers, and feelings of personal inadequacy. Burnout can have profound consequences for the affected physician, his or her patients, and the health care system at large. Increased rates of substance abuse, depression, and suicide have been linked to physician burnout, as have medical errors and lapses in patient safety. Disruptive workplace behaviors, such as presenteeism (which is reduced productivity due to physical or emotional dysfunction), absenteeism (which is nonparticipation in work), high employment turnover, and early retirement also have been linked to physician burnout and depression. In this article, we review causes, preventive measures and possible solutions for physician burnout. PMID:26025882

  6. Das Burnout-Syndrom

    OpenAIRE

    Froehlich, Annette

    2010-01-01

    The burnout-syndrome was first described in great detail by H. Freudenberger 1974.There are a lot of different definitions. The most often cited is from Maslach and Jackson (1986) characterizing burnout by three core dimensions: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment. Although burnout can be related to psychological, somatic and psychosomatic health-problems, it is not listed as an “occupational disease” but as a “job-related injurious to health”. In the I...

  7. Occupational burnout and health

    OpenAIRE

    Ahola, Kirsi

    2007-01-01

    Occupational burnout and heath Occupational burnout is assumed to be a negative consequence of chronic work stress. In this study, it was explored in the framework of occupational health psychology, which focusses on psychologically mediated processes between work and health. The objectives were to examine the overlap between burnout and ill health in relation to mental disorders, musculoskeletal disorders, and cardiovascular diseases, which are the three commonest disease groups causing...

  8. Burnout in psychiatrists

    OpenAIRE

    Kumar, Shailesh

    2007-01-01

    Psychiatrists as a group are vulnerable to experiencing burnout, more so than other physicians and surgeons. In this paper, various definitions of burnout are reviewed and the tools available for quantifying burnout are compared. The factors that make psychiatry a stressful profession are also examined. These include factors such as patient violence and suicide, limited resources, crowded inpatient wards, changing culture in mental health services, high work demands, poorly ...

  9. The psychophysiology of burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Mommersteeg, P.M.C.

    2006-01-01

    Burnout is characterized by emotional exhaustion, feelings of depersonalisation and reduced professional competence. It is an adverse health outcome to chronic work-related stress and insufficient recovery. The main aim of this thesis was to search for physiological disturbances in persons with severe burnout. HPA-axis function, salivary DHEAS, and in vitro immune function were investigated in clinically diagnosed burnout participants. Diagnosis was based on ICD-10 criteria for 'work-related ...

  10. Burnout among physicians

    OpenAIRE

    Romani, Maya; Ashkar, Khalil

    2014-01-01

    Burnout is a common syndrome seen in healthcare workers, particularly physicians who are exposed to a high level of stress at work; it includes emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and low personal accomplishment. Burnout among physicians has garnered significant attention because of the negative impact it renders on patient care and medical personnel. Physicians who had high burnout levels reportedly committed more medical errors. Stress management programs that range from relaxation to ...

  11. Burnout: need help?

    OpenAIRE

    Sari Azade; Karcioglu Ozgur; Gulalp Betul; Koseoglu Zikret

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background Burnout syndrome is a psychological situation induced with working, especially in high-risk parts of the hospitals that affects the physical and mental conditions of the staff. The aim is to identify the characteristics of the staff related to Burnout Syndrome in the Emergency Department (ED). Methods The study includes the Maslach Burnout Inventory and other new individual research questions. The responders were the volunteers and comprised physicians, nurses, nurses' aid...

  12. 'Burnout' among Dutch midwives.

    OpenAIRE

    Bakker, R.H.C.; Groenewegen, P. P.; Jabaaij, L.; Meijer, W.; Sixma, H.; Veer, A. de

    1996-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: to determine the effect of workload on 'burnout' having considered work capacity. DESIGN: cross-sectional study. SETTING: Dutch community midwives in independent practice. PARTICIPANTS: 200 Dutch community midwives. MEASUREMENTS: three-week diary recordings, a questionnaire on practice and personal characteristics, and a questionnaire on 'burnout', social support and coping style. FINDINGS: differences in 'burnout' can be explained partly by the midwife's workload and partly by her...

  13. The Burnout Syndrom

    OpenAIRE

    KŮS, Vilém

    2012-01-01

    Burnout is a problem of modern times. Few talk about it, he is not classified as a disease, but we meet with him in a many professions, especially in the helping professions. In my work I focus on burnout in police officers, on it´s characteristic symptoms, possible causes and consequences of burnout, related or other negative phenomena, such as fatigue, stress, depression etc. It also discusses preventive procedures and manuals how to prevent burnout and how to manage it. At the same time I ...

  14. Introduction to burnout

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A phenomenon of burnout, its practical importance and generally used methods of experimental measurements and estimates are presented in a brief form. In general given are the results of fundamental investigation of burnout in vertical straight tubes and in systems of complex geometry-reactors and heat exchangers

  15. Burnout in Help Professions

    OpenAIRE

    Běhanová, Jaroslava

    2009-01-01

    The goal of my thesis is charting a situation in a selected organization from viewpoint of problems of the burnout syndrome in help professions, basis my own research find out stressful factors and methods of burnout prevention at the organization level.

  16. Burnout among Dutch medical residents

    OpenAIRE

    Prins, J.T.; Hoekstra-Weebers, J.E.; van de Wiel, H.B.; Gazendam-Donofrio, S.M.; Sprangers, F.; Jaspers, F.C.; van der Heijden, F.M.

    2007-01-01

    We examined levels of burnout and relationships between burnout, gender, age, years in training, and medical specialty in 158 medical residents working at the University Medical Center Groningen, the Netherlands. Thirteen percent of the residents met the criteria for burnout, with the highest percentage of burnout cases among medical residents in Psychiatry. Significantly more male residents than female residents suffered from severe burnout. Medical residents reported significantly lower mea...

  17. Computer simulation of ionizing radiation burnout in power MOSFETs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The first computer simulation of the γ-induced burnout in power MOSFETs is reported here. The modeling results support the current-induced avalanche burnout mechanism at the interface of the epitaxial layer and the substrate coupled with parasitic bipolar transistor action leading to secondary breakdown and thermal runaway. The simulations allow an evaluation of the effects of semiconductor parameters, device geometry, doping profiles and bias voltage on the burnout dose rate threshold. The model provides a method for optimizing the radiation hardness of power MOSFETs

  18. Burnout: need help?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sari Azade

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Burnout syndrome is a psychological situation induced with working, especially in high-risk parts of the hospitals that affects the physical and mental conditions of the staff. The aim is to identify the characteristics of the staff related to Burnout Syndrome in the Emergency Department (ED. Methods The study includes the Maslach Burnout Inventory and other new individual research questions. The responders were the volunteers and comprised physicians, nurses, nurses' aides from EDs of all urban state hospitals of Adana (43.3%. Burnout scores were analyzed with regard to individual characteristics; supplementary work, marital status, the number of children, occupation, salary, career satisfaction, satisfaction in private life. Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskall-Wallis test were performed using SPSS 15.00. Results There were no relation between Burnout scores and supplementary work, marital status, number of children, occupation, salary, private life satisfaction, except for career satisfaction. Conclusion Presence and severity of Burnout syndrome were linked to career satisfaction without personal features and salaries. All branches of healthcare occupations in ED seem to have been affected by Burnout Syndrome similarly.

  19. Burnout em Cuidadores Formais

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Juliana Marisa Fernandes

    2016-01-01

    Dissertação apresentada à Universidade Fernando Pessoa como parte dos requisitos para a obtenção do grau de Mestre em Psicologia, ramo de Psicologia Clínica e da Saúde Este estudo é sobre a Síndrome de Burnout e teve como objetivo geral compreender se o Burnout está presente nos cuidadores formais da Santa Casa da Misericórdia de Castelo de Paiva e quais as variáveis socioprofissionais que poderão exercer influência no seu aparecimento. Pretendeu-se avaliar o Burnout dos cuidadores a tr...

  20. Burnout en estudiantes universitarios

    OpenAIRE

    Carmen Cecilia Caballero D.; Édgar Breso; Orlando González Gutiérrez

    2015-01-01

    In order to provide a better understanding and characterization of the nature of academic burnout in university students, a review of the concept, its evolution and extrapolation of the work context to the university academic context is performed. It is proposed its delimitation, differentiation and relationship with comorbid clinical conditions like depression and anxiety. Additionally, this paper reviews empirical research that establishes relationships of the academic burnout with th...

  1. Personality and burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Idar Wallin, Malin

    2010-01-01

    Many studies highlights the correlation between personality and burnout but a limitation in previous studies is the lack of longitudinell data, wich is preferable to show strong causal relationships. The purpose of this study is to explore if personality-traits can predict changes in levels of burnout across time. Longitudinal data from nurse students in Sweden participating in the LANE study are used. The personality constructs chosen are personality traits from The Five Factor theory, adjus...

  2. Nurses and burnout syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Zarema Obradović; Amina Obradović; Ifeta Ćesir Škoro

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: The work of nurses is human. They help people in protection against diseases. Nurses are the largest group of health workers and all problems that appear in the health system are first recognized among them. Burnout syndrome appears among nurses very frequently. We present the leading factors for burnout among nurses in RMC „Dr Safet Mujic“ in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.Methods: It is a cross sectional descriptive study. We used an anonymous questionnaire with 20 questions. ...

  3. Burnout contagion among general practitioners.

    OpenAIRE

    Bakker, A. B.; Schaufeli, W.B.; Sixma, H.J.; Bosveld, W.

    2001-01-01

    This study used a representative sample of 507 general practitioners (GPs) to test the hypothesis that burnout is contagious. Following a two-dimensional conceptualization of burnout, it is assumed that burnout is comprised of emotional exhaustion and negative attitudes (i.e., depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment). We hypothesized that perceived burnout complaints among colleagues and susceptibility to emotional contagion would make an independent contribution to explaining v...

  4. Burnout and the Retirement Decision

    OpenAIRE

    Nicole Maestas; Xiaoyan Li

    2007-01-01

    We introduce the process of psychological burnout and recovery as an explanation for the phenomenon known as unretirement. We illustrate theoretically how predictable time variation in burnout could generate retirement and subsequent re-entry in a standard retirement model. We apply this model to the longitudinal Health and Retirement Study, presenting a novel measure of burnout, the Burnout EX3 Index. The index is correlated with different types of work stressors, and its time profile discri...

  5. Therapy of the burnout syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Korczak, Dieter; Wastian, Monika; Schneider, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Background The prevalence, diagnostics and therapy of the burnout syndrome are increasingly discussed in the public. The unclear definition and diagnostics of the burnout syndrome are scientifically criticized. There are several therapies with unclear evidence for the treatment of burnout in existence. Objectives The health technology assessment (HTA) report deals with the question of usage and efficacy of different burnout therapies. Methods For the years 2006 to 2011, a systematic literatur...

  6. Occupational burnout among nursing personel

    OpenAIRE

    Sylwia Wieder-Huszla; Beata Żak; Anna Jurczak; Katarzyna Augustyniuk; Daria Schneider-Matyka

    2016-01-01

    Background. Occupational stress and the related burnout syndrome is undoubtedly one of the most important challenges for public health. Objectives . The objective of the study was identifying occupational burnout among nurses. Material and methods . The questionnaire was responded by 408 professionally active male and female nurses, working in the territory of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship. In the evaluation of occupational burnout the standardized Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI...

  7. Differentialdiagnostik des Burnout-Syndroms

    OpenAIRE

    Kister, Christine; Huber, Beate; Korczak, Dieter

    2010-01-01

    Introduction There is no consistent definition of burnout. It is neither a defined diagn osi s in ICD-10 nor in DSM-IV. Yet it is diagnosed by office-based doctors and clinicians. Mainly due to reimbursement reasons, diagnoses like depression are used instead of burnout diagnoses. Therefore burnout has a very high individual, social and economic impact. Objectives How is burnout diagnosed? Which criteria are relevant? How valid and reliable are the used tools? What kind of disorders in c...

  8. Burnout syndrome among university teachers

    OpenAIRE

    ŘEHÁKOVÁ, Soňa

    2013-01-01

    This thesis deals with burnout syndrome among university teachers. The theoretical part consists of three main parts and focuses on definition of the burnout syndrome, its characteristics and causes. The second part deals with burnout syndrome, particularly among teachers and the third one describes the ways of prevention. The practical part aims to measure the susceptibility of stress and burnout among teachers at the Pedagogical Faculty in Pilsen and in České Budějovice. A questionnaire Inv...

  9. The Copenhagen Burnout Inventory: A new tool for the assessment of burnout

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Tage S.; Borritz, Marianne; Villadsen, Ebbe;

    2005-01-01

    Burnout; CBI; Copenhagen Burnout Inventory; exhaustion;fatigue; human service work; psychosocial work environment; PUMA study; questionnaire validity......Burnout; CBI; Copenhagen Burnout Inventory; exhaustion;fatigue; human service work; psychosocial work environment; PUMA study; questionnaire validity...

  10. Life Stress and Academic Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Shu-Hui; Huang, Yun-Chen

    2014-01-01

    Stress has been shown to negatively affect learning. Academic burnout is a significant problem associated with poor academic performance. Although there has been increased attention on these two issues, literature on the relationship between students' life stress and burnout is relatively limited. This study surveys academic burnout and life…

  11. Burnout among Elementary School Principals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Combs, Julie; Edmonson, Stacey L.; Jackson, Sherion H.

    2009-01-01

    As the understanding of burnout continues to be refined, studies that examine school principals and burnout will be helpful to those who provide support to school leaders and are concerned about principal attrition and pending shortages. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between burnout and gender, age, and years experience…

  12. Burnout in Premedical Undergraduate Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Christina; Fang, Daniel; Golshan, Shah; Moutier, Christine; Zisook, Sidney

    2012-01-01

    Background: There has been growing recognition that medical students, interns, residents and practicing physicians across many specialties are prone to burnout, with recent studies linking high rates of burnout to adverse mental health issues. Little is known about the trajectory and origins of burnout or whether its roots may be traced to earlier…

  13. Burnout among physicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romani, Maya; Ashkar, Khalil

    2014-01-01

    Burnout is a common syndrome seen in healthcare workers, particularly physicians who are exposed to a high level of stress at work; it includes emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and low personal accomplishment. Burnout among physicians has garnered significant attention because of the negative impact it renders on patient care and medical personnel. Physicians who had high burnout levels reportedly committed more medical errors. Stress management programs that range from relaxation to cognitive-behavioral and patient-centered therapy have been found to be of utmost significance when it comes to preventing and treating burnout. However, evidence is insufficient to support that stress management programs can help reducing job-related stress beyond the intervention period, and similarly mindfulness-based stress reduction interventions efficiently reduce psychological distress and negative vibes, and encourage empathy while significantly enhancing physicians' quality of life. On the other hand, a few small studies have suggested that Balint sessions can have a promising positive effect in preventing burnout; moreover exercises can reduce anxiety levels and exhaustion symptoms while improving the mental and physical well-being of healthcare workers. Occupational interventions in the work settings can also improve the emotional and work-induced exhaustion. Combining both individual and organizational interventions can have a good impact in reducing burnout scores among physicians; therefore, multidisciplinary actions that include changes in the work environmental factors along with stress management programs that teach people how to cope better with stressful events showed promising solutions to manage burnout. However, until now there have been no rigorous studies to prove this. More interventional research targeting medical students, residents, and practicing physicians are needed in order to improve psychological well-being, professional careers, as well as the

  14. Hospital restructuring and burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenglass, Esther R; Burke, Ronald J

    2002-01-01

    Increasingly, organizations are experiencing changes as a result of extensive downsizing, restructuring, and merging. In Canada, government-sponsored medicine has been affected as hospitals have merged or closed, reducing essential medical services and resulting in extensive job loss for hospital workers, particularly nurses. Hospital restructuring has also resulted in greater stress and job insecurity in nurses. The escalation of stressors has created burnout in nurses. This study examines predictors of burnout in nurses experiencing hospital restructuring using the MBI-General Survey which yields scores on three scales: Emotional exhaustion, Cynicism, and Professional efficacy. Multiple regressions were conducted where each burnout scale was the criterion and stressors (e.g., amount of work, use of generic workers to do nurses' work), restructuring effects, social support, and individual resources (e.g., control coping, self-efficacy, prior organizational commitment) were predictors. There were differences in the amount of variance accounted for in the burnout components by stressors and resources. Stressors contributed most to emotional exhaustion and least to professional efficacy. Individual resources were more likely to contribute to professional efficacy and least to emotional exhaustion. Stressors and resources accounted for approximately equal amounts of variance in cynicism. Three conclusions were drawn. First, present findings parallel others by showing that individual coping patterns contribute to professional efficacy. Second, emotional exhaustion was found to be the prototype of stress. Third, prior organizational commitment, self-efficacy, and control coping resulted in lower burnout. PMID:15137570

  15. [Burnout : ten years later.].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bibeau, G

    1985-01-01

    The important literature on burn-out or professionnal exhaustion is examined here from three aspects: socio-cultural anthropology, biological anthropology and ethnopsychiatry. On the socio-cultural level, the emergence of burn-out is seen as an epiphenomenon arising conjointly from a new work ethic and a new concept of the person; on the biological level, the burnout is presented in relation to two main areas of study: as an adaptative strategy used by individuals to face particularly demanding situations in their working environment and as a particular modality of the interrelations between physical, psychological and behavioral dimensions in a person; on the ethnopsychiatric level, the burn-out is not interpreted as a new category in the description of illnessess but rather as a model of behavior more socially accepted and as an integrative concept that allows one to give meaning to a diversified group of symptoms. Studies on burn-out indicators, their causes, its neuro-physiology and its definition are explicitly discussed according to three perspectives: socio-cultural, biological and ethnopsychiatric. PMID:17093512

  16. Burnout among football coaches in Greece

    OpenAIRE

    ATHANASIOS KOUSTELIOS

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the perceived level of burnout among football coaches in Greece. The sample consisted of 132 male football coaches from Greece. The Maslach Burnout Inventory was used to measure burnout. Results indicated that Greek football coaches of this sample were experienced low level of burnout. Findings also revealed no statistically significant age differences on the burnout subscales.

  17. Perceived collective burnout: a multilevel explanation of burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Morales, M Gloria; Peiró, José M; Rodríguez, Isabel; Bliese, Paul D

    2012-01-01

    Building up on the socially induced model of burnout and the job demands-resources model, we examine how burnout can transfer without direct contagion or close contact among employees. Based on the social information processing approach and the conservation of resources theory, we propose that perceived collective burnout emerges as an organizational-level construct (employees' shared perceptions about how burned out are their colleagues) and that it predicts individual burnout over and above indicators of demands and resources. Data were gathered during the first term and again during the last term of the academic year among 555 teachers from 100 schools. The core dimensions of burnout, exhaustion, and cynicism were measured at the individual and collective level. Random coefficient models were computed in a lagged effects design. Results showed that perceived collective burnout at Time 1 was a significant predictor of burnout at Time 2 after considering previous levels of burnout, demands (workload, teacher-student ratio, and absenteeism rates), and resources (quality of school facilities). These findings suggest that perceived collective burnout is an important characteristic of the work environment that can be a significant factor in the development of burnout. PMID:21229404

  18. Burnout: de stand van zaken

    OpenAIRE

    Taris, T.; Houtman, I.L.D.; Schaufeli, W

    2013-01-01

    Dit artikel geeft een overzicht van de stand van zaken in het onderzoek naar burnout. Burnout is een syndroom van extreme vermoeidheid (uitputting), afstand nemen van het werk (distantie) en weinig vertrouwen in het eigen kunnen (verminderde competentie), waarbij de oorzaken voor deze aspecten gelegen zijn in hetzij de werksfeer, hetzij de manier waarop werknemers omgaan met stresserende aspecten in hun werk. Als werkgerelateerd fenomeen onderscheidt burnout zich van vergelijkbare psychische ...

  19. Organizational Communication and Burnout Symptoms

    OpenAIRE

    Hoeven, ter, Claartje L.; Jong, de, P.F.; Peper, Bram

    2006-01-01

    Job burnout is a psychological response to work stress. Many studies have been conducted measuring burnout and its causes and consequences. The research into causes of burnout brings up various communication-related constructs, but the relationships with feedback employees receive and communication climate is underexposed. This study investigates these relationships. Data for the current study were collected through a web-based questionnaire held among employees of a Dutch subsidiary of an in...

  20. New burnout correlation for annuli

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Towell, R.H.

    1964-03-26

    A number of burnout tests have been run subsequent to the publication of the burnout equations in DP-355 and DP-725. The range of variables was extended in these tests and the burnout heat flux was measured. This memorandum presents a modified empirical equation, which correlates the new data, for use in the design of fuel assemblies for the HWCTR. We expect to submit this material for a journal publication within the next quarter.

  1. Burnout in Customer Service Representatives

    OpenAIRE

    Tariq Jalees; Javed Zeeshan

    2008-01-01

    The purpose and aim of this research was to (1) identify the factors that contributes towards job burnout in sales service representative (2) What are the relationships of these factors (3) To empirically test the relationships of the determinants relating to burnout in customer service representatives. Based on literature survey six different variables related to burnout were identified. The variables were (1) Emotional exhaustion.(2) Reduced personal accomplishment.(3) Job induced tension.(...

  2. Language Teachers’ Burnout and Gender

    OpenAIRE

    Mahboobeh Jamshidirad; Jayakaran Mukundan; Vahid Nimehchisalem

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of gender on the three burnout dimensions; emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalization (DP) and personal accomplishment (PA) among English language teachers in Malaysia. This study was a quantitative survey study. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators Survey (MBI-ES) (Maslach, Jackson, & Schwab, 1986) was used to collect the data to determine the burnout levels of the teachers with respect to its three dimensions. These Data was c...

  3. Burnout Syndrome in Assisting Professions

    OpenAIRE

    KRÁLOVÁ, Lucie

    2011-01-01

    This Bachelor work deals with the burnout syndrome in assisting professions focusing especially on the personality of the special educator. The introductory part defines the concept of the burnout syndrome and describes its historical development. It also presents the risk factors participating in its origin, approaches the symptoms that may occur during the burnout syndrome and distinguishes it from other mental conditions. The issue concerning the possible prevention and treatment of the al...

  4. Burnout Syndrome in Pediatric Practice

    OpenAIRE

    Al-Youbi, Reem A.; Jan, Mohammed M.

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: Burnout is a common work-related syndrome consisting of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and diminished feelings of personal accomplishment. Burnout influences the performance and efficiency of the healthcare professionals and therefore the quality of the care provided. This study aims to assess the burnout rates and potential determinants in pediatrics.Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive study involving physicians practicing pediatrics in the Jeddah area of Saudi Arabi...

  5. Burnout syndrome at the nurses

    OpenAIRE

    FRÖMLOVÁ, Lenka

    2011-01-01

    The bachelor thesis deals with a definition of the burnout syndrome, its symptoms and prevention. Further, its aim is to present a relationship between the burnout syndome and personality characteristics of nurses. In the empirical part, the thesis attempts to register differences in the rate of burnout at nurses who work in a psychiatry ward and their comparison with nurses who work in other wards. At the end, the thesis tries to explain found differences .

  6. [Burnout--a new disease?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillert, A

    2008-12-01

    Since Herbert Freudenbergers "Staff Burnout", published in 1974, burnout has become a synonym for psychosomatic, psychological symptoms and social consequences of a long-lasting workload exceeding an individual's capacity. Without any binding definition, the term burnout is used by patients as well as their doctors and therapists as a medical diagnosis. Described by Freudenberger from a patient's point of view, the term tries to integrate symptoms (fatigue, emotional exhaustion, reduced personal accomplishment and distancing from clients) as well as cause (job strain) of the burnout process. Thus burnout was claimed to have nothing in common with psychiatric disorders. Altogether this burnout concept is fairly plausible and attractive for people suffering from the symptoms. It also lowers the threshold to think about work related and psychosomatic problems and to look for therapeutic support. According to the criteria of modern diagnostic systems like DSM-IV and ICD-10, the attempt to integrate symptoms and causes of a psychosomatic phenomenon in a diagnosis will fail. In ICD-10 burnout only can be found as an--undefined--additional diagnostic term. Scientific data show that people suffering from burnout are a quite heterogeneous group, including people who had once been highly motivated and successful in their business as well as people feeling overworked all their lives. While burnout is not convincing as a diagnostic term, its high popularity highlights the fundamental needs and problems of a changing society, characterised by increasing work related stressors and decreasing social security. PMID:19119778

  7. Single event burnout sensitivity of embedded field effect transistors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koga, R.; Crain, S.H.; Crawford, K.B.; Yu, P.; Gordon, M.J.

    1999-12-01

    Observations of single event burnout (SEB) in embedded field effect transistors are reported. Both SEB and other single event effects are presented for several pulse width modulation and high frequency devices. The microscope has been employed to locate and to investigate the damaged areas. A model of the damage mechanism based on the results so obtained is described.

  8. Burnout in perioperative context

    OpenAIRE

    Galvão, Ana Maria; Gonçalves, Ana Rita Veloso; Certo, Ana

    2014-01-01

    Companies in a global context are going through moments of great development of information and technologies. In these environments Burnout is highly prevalent, this syndrome is considered as one of physical and emotional stress that leads to a lack of motivation to work, leading to a progressive sense of inadequacy and failure. Objectives: What level of stress Perioperative nurses for nurses in the Region of Tras-os-Montes and Alto Douro. Methods: Non-experimental study,...

  9. Burnout bei Arbeitslosen

    OpenAIRE

    Wüstner, Kerstin

    2005-01-01

    Die Forschung um Folgen der Arbeitslosigkeit hat lange Tradition, spätestens seit der klassischen Marienthal-Studie von Jahoda und Mitarbeitern (1933/1975). Bei dieser wie bei nachfolgenden Studien galt das Interesse dem Erleben bzw. den Folgen von Arbeitslosigkeit, wobei teilweise unterschiedliche Konstrukte in den Blick genommen wurden. Vergleichsweise kurz kommt hierbei die Diskussion der Möglichkeit, inwiefern Arbeitslosigkeit auch Burnout, das in erster Linie im Kontext von Erwerbstä...

  10. Nurses and burnout syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zarema Obradović

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The work of nurses is human. They help people in protection against diseases. Nurses are the largest group of health workers and all problems that appear in the health system are first recognized among them. Burnout syndrome appears among nurses very frequently. We present the leading factors for burnout among nurses in RMC „Dr Safet Mujic“ in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.Methods: It is a cross sectional descriptive study. We used an anonymous questionnaire with 20 questions. Our sample was random with 30% of all nurses which were working in this Medical Center in January-February 2012.Results: In our study 77.9% nurses work in the hospital. 52% have over 16 years of work experience. 34.6% of examinees are satisfi ed with interpersonal relationships, 31.7 % are satisfi ed with relationships with the superior. Motivation for work have 51% of examinees, a big number comes unwilling on work.For 83.7% overtime work is the reason for dissatisfaction 71.2% examinees think that they can't make progress on work. A high percentage of examinees doesn't think about problems related to work outside working hours, a good sleep have 38.5% and 56.7% wakes up tired. Many of examinees are not satisfiedwith workplace, and 58.7% would like to change it.Conclusion: Nurses employed in RMC „Dr Safet Mujic“ Mostar are exposed to many factors during work which can cause the burnout syndrome. It is necessary to expand the study on a larger group of nurses and to implement the measures for reducing risks of burnout syndrome.

  11. Assessing coal burnout

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lowe, A. [Pacific Power, Sydney, NSW (Australia)

    1999-11-01

    Recent research has allowed a quantitative description of the basic process of burnout for pulverized coals to be made. The Cooperative Research Centre for Black Coal Utilization has built on this work to develop a coal combustion model which will allow plant engineers and coal company representatives to assess their coals for combustion performance. The paper describes the model and its validation and outlines how it is run. 2 figs.

  12. Single-event burnout of power bipolar junction transistors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experimental evidence of single-event burnout of power bipolar junctions transistors (BJTs) is reported for the first time. Several commercial power BJTs were characterized in a simulated cosmic ray environment using mono-energetic ions at the tandem Van de Graaff accelerator facility at Brookhaven National Laboratory. Most of the device types exposed to this simulated environment exhibited burnout behavior. In this paper the experimental technique, data, and results are presented, while a qualitative model is used to help explain those results and trends observed in this experiment

  13. Burnout : de stand van zaken

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Taris, T.; Houtman, I.L.D.; Schaufeli, W.

    2013-01-01

    Dit artikel geeft een overzicht van de stand van zaken in het onderzoek naar burnout. Burnout is een syndroom van extreme vermoeidheid (uitputting), afstand nemen van het werk (distantie) en weinig vertrouwen in het eigen kunnen (verminderde competentie), waarbij de oorzaken voor deze aspecten geleg

  14. Language Teachers’ Burnout and Gender

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahboobeh Jamshidirad

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of gender on the three burnout dimensions; emotional exhaustion (EE, depersonalization (DP and personal accomplishment (PA among English language teachers in Malaysia. This study was a quantitative survey study. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators Survey (MBI-ES (Maslach, Jackson, & Schwab, 1986 was used to collect the data to determine the burnout levels of the teachers with respect to its three dimensions. These Data was collected from 28 English language teachers (50% female. Descriptive and inferential statistics including frequency, percentage, means, standard deviations, and t-test were used in the analysis. The results showed that gender was not a predictor of burnout in this sample. The study can have useful implications for educational administrators who deal with language teachers.Keywords: burnout, emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, reduced personal accomplishment, gender, language teachers

  15. Mechanism and prediction of burnout

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The lecture begins by discussing the definitions of burnout and the various parametric effects as seen from the results for burnout measurements in uniformly heated round tubes. The correlations which are developed from these measurements and their applications to the case of non-uniform axial distribution of heat flux is then discussed in general terms as an illustration of the importance of knowing more about the nature and mechanism of the burnout. The next section of the lecture is concerned with summarizing broadly the various possible mechanisms in both the sub-cooled region and the quality region. It transpires that, for tubes of reasonable length, the normal first occurrence of burnout is in the annular flow regime. A discussion of burnout mechanisms in this regime then follows, with descriptions of the various experimental techniques evolved to study the mechanism. The final section of the lecture is concerned with prediction methods for burnout in annular flow and the application of these methods to prediction of burnout in round tubes, annuli and rod bundles, with a variety of fluids

  16. Defining the student burnout construct: a structural analysis from three burnout inventories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maroco, João; Campos, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini

    2012-12-01

    College student burnout has been assessed mainly with the Maslach burnout inventory (MBI). However, the construct's definition and measurement with MBI has drawn several criticisms and new inventories have been suggested for the evaluation of the syndrome. A redefinition of the construct of student burnout is proposed by means of a structural equation model, reflecting burnout as a second order factor defined by factors from the MBI-student survey (MBI-SS); the Copenhagen burnout inventory-student survey (CBI-SS) and the Oldenburg burnout inventory-student survey (OLBI-SS). Standardized regression weights from Burnout to Exhaustion and Cynicism from the MBI-SS scale, personal burnout and studies related burnout from the CBI, and exhaustion and disengagement from OLBI, show that these factors are strong manifestations of students' burnout. For college students, the burnout construct is best defined by two dimensions described as "physical and psychological exhaustion" and "cynicism and disengagement". PMID:23402050

  17. Prediction of burnout. Chapter 14

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A broad survey is made of the effect on burnout heat flux of various system parameters to give the reader a better initial idea of the significance of changes in individual parameters. A detailed survey is then made of various correlation equations for predicting burnout for steam -water in uniformly heated tubes, annuli, rectangular channels and rod clusters, giving details of recommended equations. Finally comments are made on the influence of heat-flux profile and swirl flow on burnout, and on the definition of dryout margin. (author)

  18. Introduction to burnout. Chapter 12

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The evaluation of burnout in industrial plant involves combination of analysis of existing data, theoretical models, and detailed experimental investigation using electrical heating. Progress is being made towards better understanding of the mechanisms of burnout, and data are being accumulated from experiments with straight tubes, bends, and coils covering a wide range of pressures. The synthesis of experimental data and theoretical models may in the future provide methods of predicting burnout, even in complex geometries, but it is unlikely that this will supersede the need for full-scale confirmatory testing of specific designs when high accuracy of prediction is required. (author)

  19. Burnout and gate rupture of power MOS transistors with fission fragments of 252Cf

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A study to determine the single event burnout (SEB) and single event gate rupture (SEGR) sensitivities of power MOSFET devices is carried out by exposure to fission fragments from 252Cf source. The test method, test results, a description of observed burnout current waveforms and a discussion of a possible failure mechanism are presented. The test results include the observed dependence upon applied drain or gate to source bias and effect of external capacitors and limited resistors

  20. For Caregivers: Coping with Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... as exhaustion of physical or emotional strength or motivation, usually as a result of prolonged stress. Burnout ... the problem and the solution. Utilize your company's Employee Assistance Program (EAP) to receive support/counseling or ...

  1. Occupational burnout in Birjand dentists

    OpenAIRE

    Khazaie T; Sharifzadeh M; Hoseini S

    2011-01-01

    "nBackground and Aims: Occupational burnout is a psychological syndrome resulting from continuous tensions which causes absence, conflict, job changing, etc. In spite of much effort done in optimizing the work conditions and satisfying the employed persons, the dentists still suffer from this incident. The purpose of this study was to determine the degree of occupational burnout in Birjand dentists and to provide an approach."nMaterials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical st...

  2. The Variables Predicting Couple Burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Çapri, Burhan; Gökçakan, Zafer

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the study is to investigate the contributions of variables concerned with socio-demographic features, career burnout, marital adjustment, spouse support, marriage and relationship on the prediction of couple burnout of married individuals. The research group consisted of 435 married females (n= 235) and males (n= 200), who are university staff in different units of Mersin University, selected randomly from the population and who accepted to join the study voluntarily. In order ...

  3. Investigation of burnout in marriage

    OpenAIRE

    Mustafa Pamuk; Emine Durmuş

    2015-01-01

    Aim of this study is to investigate of couple burnout in terms of some demografic variables, spousal support, dyadic trust, and interpersonel cognitive distortions in Turkey. The participant of the study is 482 married individuals, who are 271 female, 211 male live in Elazığ. To collect data; personel information form, Marriage Burnout Scale-Short Form (MBS-SF), Dyadic Trust Scale (DTS), Spouse Support Scale (SSS), and Interpersonel Cognitive Distortions Scale (ICDS) were applied to participa...

  4. Methodological considerations when translating "burnout"

    OpenAIRE

    Allison Squires; Catherine Finlayson; Lauren Gerchow; Cimiotti, Jeannie P.; Anne Matthews; Rene Schwendimann; Peter Griffiths; Reinhard Busse; Maude Heinen; Tomasz Brzostek; Maria Teresa Moreno-Casbas; Aiken, Linda H.; Walter Sermeus

    2014-01-01

    No study has systematically examined how researchers address cross-cultural adaptation of burnout. We conducted an integrative review to examine how researchers had adapted the instruments to the different contexts. We reviewed the Content Validity Indexing scores for the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey from the 12-country comparative nursing workforce study, RN4CAST. In the integrative review, multiple issues related to translation were found in existing studies. In the cross...

  5. The medical perspective on burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Tamar Kakiashvili; Jerzy Leszek; Krzysztof Rutkowski

    2013-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this study was to review recent medical findings related to burnout, its diagnosis, treatment, characteristic pathophysiological features, and preventive measures. Materials and Methods: A systematic review of the scientific literature in PubMed/Medline was performed. The most recent and important findings were reported. Results: Burnout was found to be a risk factor for myocardial infarction and coronary heart disease. It was also related to reduced fibrinolytic capacit...

  6. Emotieregulatie en burnout bij ziekenverzorgenden

    OpenAIRE

    Lechner, Lilian; Steinvoorte, Thea; Näring, Gérard

    2008-01-01

    This study analysed whether, amongst health care providers in a nursing homes setting, there is a relationship between, on the hand, work demands, autonomy, lack of social support and emotional labor; and on the other hand, symptoms of burnout. It also analysed whether the concept of emotional labor was an additional factor that helped explain variance in burnout over and above the concepts found in the Demand-Control-Support model. The study was based on 130 health care providers (response r...

  7. Burnout and Wellbeing: Testing the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory in New Zealand Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milfont, Taciano L.; Denny, Simon; Ameratunga, Shanthi; Robinson, Elizabeth; Merry, Sally

    2008-01-01

    The Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI) is a public domain questionnaire measuring the degree of physical and psychological fatigue experienced in three sub-dimensions of burnout: personal, work-related, and client-related burnout. This study first examines the reliability and validity of the CBI in measuring burnout in New Zealand secondary school…

  8. [Burnout. Can it be measured?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korczak, D; Huber, B

    2012-02-01

    Burnout is widely known as a work-related syndrome that is associated by serious individual and social consequences. The aim of the HTA report "Differential diagnostic of the burnout syndrome" published by DIMDI in 2010 was to determine how burnout can be diagnosed and distinguished from other disorders. Based on a systematic literature review of 36 databases, 852 studies published between 2004 and 2009 were identified. After considering inclusion and exclusion criteria, 25 medical and one ethical study remained. The study evidence is predominantly low. Self-assessment tools are mainly used. The analysis showed that no standardized, common valid procedure exists to obtain a burnout diagnosis. Overall the problem is to measure a phenomenon that is not exactly defined. It is primarily important to distinguish burnout from depression, alexithymia, feeling unwell, and the concept of prolonged exhaustion. Beside the need for a valid definition, further research is needed, particularly high-quality, long-term studies, to broaden the understanding of the syndrome. Furthermore, a standardized, internationally accepted and valid procedure for diagnosing burnout is necessary. PMID:22290159

  9. [General practitioner burnout: risk factors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dagrada, H; Verbanck, P; Kornreich, C

    2011-09-01

    This paper aims to review current knowledge on risk factors leading to burn-out of general practitioners, who are particularly concerned by burn-out, as 50% of them are being more or less affected. This article is based on bibliographic research covering literature between 1975 and 2010, using PUB MED software, medical books and articles. 44 articles were selected as dealing well with the aspects of the burn-out reviewed here. It seems established that stress precedes burnout symptoms. Theories investigating relationships between stress and work are presented. Exogenic stress (load and organization of work, emotional interaction with the patient, constraints, lack of recognition, conflicts between private and professional life) interacts with endogenous stress (idealism, (too much) acute feeling of responsibility, mood disorder, difficulty in collaborating, character, personality). Burn-out symptoms would appear preferentially when these two stresses coexist. Despite the wealth of publications, there is still a lack of knowledge of the causes of burn-out, requiring therefore increased research efforts, in order to improve the implementation of preventive measures, beneficial to the doctors as well as to their patients. PMID:22034773

  10. Occupational burnout among nursing personel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylwia Wieder-Huszla

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Background. Occupational stress and the related burnout syndrome is undoubtedly one of the most important challenges for public health. Objectives . The objective of the study was identifying occupational burnout among nurses. Material and methods . The questionnaire was responded by 408 professionally active male and female nurses, working in the territory of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship. In the evaluation of occupational burnout the standardized Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI was applied. Results . Mean values of the level of occupational burnout for the study group amounted to 39.3 ± 30.9 with regard to emotional exhaustion, 30.64 ± 27.89 with respect to the depersonalization subscale and 66.26 ± 27.94 – the lowered level of job satisfaction. Conclusions . 1. The studied nursing personnel showed symptoms of occupational burnout in all dimensions of the syndrome, i.e. high levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization as well as low job satisfaction. 2. Individuals with higher education scored lower on the emotional exhaustion scale. 3. Emotional exhaustion is influenced by workplace and position.

  11. Research Note: Burnout and Locus of Control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glogow, Eli

    1986-01-01

    A survey of 72 personnel professionals indicated that 50 percent perceived they were experiencing burnout. Results suggest that while the organization has some responsibility for limiting employee burnout, individuals can significantly impede the problem themselves. (CH)

  12. Conscientiousness, Neuroticism and Burnout among Healthcare Employees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syed Mohammad Azeem

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the relationship among conscientiousness, neuroticism and burnout in healthcare staff of private hospitals. Moreover, the study also examines the influence of conscientiousness and neuroticism on burnout of the respondents. 120 respondents were contacted in 8 private hospitals for data collection but only 90 of them completed the survey. Maslach’s burnout inventory (MBI and Big-Five Inventory were used as measuring instruments. Results reveal that conscientiousness was negatively and significantly related to dimensions of burnout. Neuroticism was found to be positively and significantly related to dimensions of burnout. Multiple regression analysis was used to see which among the independent variable predicts burnout in the sample. Results show that conscientiousness significantly predicts all the dimensions of burnout and neuroticism significantly predicts only emotional exhaustion and reduced personal accomplishment dimensions of burnout.

  13. Nurse Burnout: What Can We Learn?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavandero, Ramon

    1981-01-01

    Burnout is a problem among nurses and other helping professionals. Reports reviewed here will help nursing administrators recognize signs of burnout among their staff. The author cites the need for research and makes suggestions to alleviate the problem. (JOW)

  14. Simulating single-event burnout of n-channel power MOSFET's

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Heavy ions are ubiquitous in a space environment. Single-event burnout of power MOSFET's is a sudden catastrophic failure mechanism that is initiated by the passage of a heavy ion through the device structure. The passage of the heavy ion generates a current filament that locally turns on a parasitic n-p-n transistor inherent to the power MOSFET. Subsequent high currents and high voltage in the device induce second breakdown of the parasitic bipolar transistor and hence meltdown of the device. This paper presents a model that can be used for simulating the burnout mechanism in order to gain insight into the significant device parameters that most influence the single-event burnout susceptibility of n-channel power MOSFET's

  15. Burnout en estudiantes universitarios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Cecilia Caballero D.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Con la finalidad de proporcionar una mayor comprensión y caracterización de la naturaleza del burnout académico en estudiantes universitarios, se realiza una revisión del concepto, su evolución y extrapolación del contexto laboral al académico universitario, y se propone su delimitación y relación con condiciones clínicas comórbidas como depresión y ansiedad. Adicionalmente, se revisa la investigación empírica que establece relaciones del síndrome con el engagement académico, factores de riesgo y de protección, y sus consecuencias en la salud mental y en el desempeño académico de los estudiantes universitarios.

  16. Burnout entre audiologistas

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Ana Luísa Simões Marques

    2015-01-01

    A escassez de recursos e a pressão das instituições para obter resultados estão a levar cada vez mais profissionais ao esgotamento físico e emocional. Um estudo da OCDE, evidência a ligação entre problemas psicológicos e condições de trabalho em 15% a 20% da população ativa. Portugal ocupa o sétimo pior lugar, entre os 34 países pertencentes a esta organização. O burnout é a fase final de uma situação de stresse profissional crónico, apresentando o seu foco principal na exaustã...

  17. Burnout en estudiantes universitarios

    OpenAIRE

    Carmen Cecilia Caballero D.; Édgar Breso; Orlando González Gutiérrez

    2015-01-01

    Con la finalidad de proporcionar una mayor comprensión y caracterización de la naturaleza del burnout académico en estudiantes universitarios, se realiza una revisión del concepto, su evolución y extrapolación del contexto laboral al académico universitario, y se propone su delimitación y relación con condiciones clínicas comórbidas como depresión y ansiedad. Adicionalmente, se revisa la investigación empírica que establece relaciones del síndrome con el engagement académico, factores de ries...

  18. Causes to Create Job Burnout in Organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Malikeh Beheshtifar; Ali Reza Omidvar

    2013-01-01

    Burnout is an unpleasant and dysfunctional condition that both individuals and organizations would like to change. Job burnout is a consequence of the perceived disparity between the demands of the job and the resources (both material and emotional) that an employee has available to him or her. The factors influential on burnout have been indicated in many studies over the years. Burnout has many negative effects on organization as well as on individual. Cynicism, job dissatisfaction, low org...

  19. Performance and burnout in intensive care units

    OpenAIRE

    Keijsers, G.J.; Schaufeli, W.B.; LeBlanc, P; Zwerts, C.; Miranda, D.R.

    1995-01-01

    The relationship between three different performance measures and burnout was explored in 20 Dutch Intensive Care Units (ICUs). Burnout (i.e. emotional exhaustion and depersonalization) proved to be significantly related to nurses' perceptions of performance as well as to objectively assessed unit performance. Subjective performance measures relate negatively to burnout levels of nurses, whereas an objective performance measure relates positively to burnout. Furthermore, subjectively assessed...

  20. Burnout Syndrome of Leisure Time Activities Specialist.

    OpenAIRE

    REBROVÁ, Iveta

    2012-01-01

    This thesis is dealing with burnout syndrome among leisure time specialists. Theoretical part describes burnout syndrome, its historical basis, symptoms and causes, protective factors and preventive techniques, which prevent from burnout syndrome risk. Next part deals with common stress, its causes and symptoms, and psychosocial stress, which is closely related with burnout syndrome. Ending of the theoretical part is focused on understanding the differences between jobs of common teacher and ...

  1. Teachers` and medics{\\crq} burnout syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    VOPELKOVÁ, Kateřina

    2010-01-01

    The bachelor thesis offers an overview of information related to problems of stress and burnout syndrome. I deal mainly with causes, symptoms, risk factors, prevention and getting stress and burnout syndrome under control. The aim of my bachelor thesis is to find out symptoms of burnout syndrome at teachers and health service employees. I supposed different manifestations of the burnout syndrome due to different demands put on these people in their professions. Another aim was to establish th...

  2. First observations of proton induced power MOSFET burnout in space: The CRUX experiment on APEX

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ground testing has shown that power MOSFETs are susceptible to burnout when irradiated with heavy ions and protons. Satellite data from the Cosmic Ray Upset Experiment (CRUX) demonstrate that single event burnouts (SEBs) on 100-volt and 200-volt power MOSFETs can and do occur in space. Few SEBs occurred on the 100-volt devices, all at L1 > 3. The 200-volt devices experience many SEBs at L D-S) was greater than 85% of maximum rated voltage. CRUX flight lot devices were ground tested with protons. The SEB rates calculated with the cross-sections from the ground tests show close agreement with the measured rates

  3. Predictors of Burnout Among Nurses in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Huan-Fang; Yen, Miaofen; Fetzer, Susan; Chien, Tsair Wei

    2015-08-01

    Nurse burnout is a crucial issue for health care professionals and impacts nurse turnover and nursing shortages. Individual and situational factors are related to nurse burnout with predictors of burnout differing among cultures and health care systems. The predictors of nurse burnout in Asia, particularly Taiwan, are unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the predictors of burnout among a national sample of nurses in Taiwan. A secondary data analysis of a nationwide database investigated the predictors of burnout among 1,846 nurses in Taiwan. Hierarchical regression analysis determined the relationship between predictors and burnout. Predictors of Taiwanese nurse burnout were age, physical/psychological symptoms, job satisfaction, work engagement, and work environment. The most significant predictors were physical/psychological symptoms and work engagement. The variables explained 35, 39, and 18 % of the emotional exhaustion, personal accomplishment, and depersonalization variance for 54 % of the total variance of burnout. Individual characteristics and nurse self-awareness, especially work, engagement can impact Taiwanese nurses' burnout. Nurse burnout predictors provide administrators with information to develop strategies including education programs and support services to reduce nurse burnout. PMID:25536942

  4. Burnout and Depression: Two Entities or One?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schonfeld, Irvin Sam; Bianchi, Renzo

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the overlap in burnout and depression. Method: The sample comprised 1,386 schoolteachers (mean [M][subscript age] = 43; M[subscript years taught] = 15; 77% women) from 18 different U.S. states. We assessed burnout, using the Shirom-Melamed Burnout Measure, and depression, using the depression…

  5. Burnout and Personality: Evidence from Academia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghorpade, Jai; Lackritz, Jim; Singh, Gangaram

    2007-01-01

    Using multiple theoretical perspectives (stress, conservation of resources, and deviance), we investigated the relationship between burnout and personality. Burnout is measured with the Maslach Burnout Inventory (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishments), and personality is captured with the Mini-Marker Inventory…

  6. Teacher Burnout: Causes, Cures and Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bousquet, Sarah

    2012-01-01

    In a review of the literature, this study defines teacher burnout, explains the physiological and environmental causes of teacher burnout, and provides suggestions regarding how educators can prevent and recover from teacher burnout. The essay addresses the uniquely stressful experience of teaching and the psychological effects of the profession.

  7. The Burnout Syndrome: Caring for Yourself.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muldoon, John F.

    1980-01-01

    The author explores the problem of burnout among staff in human services fields. Three causes of burnout are cited: environmental factors, cultural predispositions, and personal characteristics. Burnout, the author asserts, can be prevented through self-reflection, care of the body, learning to relax, and working on aspects of the work environment…

  8. Burnout: Treatment and Prevention Strategies for College Student Affairs Professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keener, Roger

    1990-01-01

    Presents possible prevention and treatment strategies for combating burnout among college student affairs professionals. Includes definition of burnout, review of symptoms of burnout, discussion of causes of burnout, and suggestions for treatment and prevention of burnout. Interventions discussed include personal counseling, using stress…

  9. Burnout syndrom among teachers of secondary stage elementary schools

    OpenAIRE

    LIBECAJTOVÁ, Jitka

    2008-01-01

    The bachleors labour is focused on the problem burnout syndrom among teachers of sekond stage elementary schools. Teoretical part is devoted to history burnout, definition, etiologies, course, diagnostic, prevention and therapy. In the practical part I attempted describe of occurence burnout syndrom aminy teachers og sekond stage elementary schools. I used tests the burnout measure, inventory syndrom burnout.

  10. Burnout-depression overlap: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bianchi, Renzo; Schonfeld, Irvin Sam; Laurent, Eric

    2015-03-01

    Whether burnout is a form of depression or a distinct phenomenon is an object of controversy. The aim of the present article was to provide an up-to-date review of the literature dedicated to the question of burnout-depression overlap. A systematic literature search was carried out in PubMed, PsycINFO, and IngentaConnect. A total of 92 studies were identified as informing the issue of burnout-depression overlap. The current state of the art suggests that the distinction between burnout and depression is conceptually fragile. It is notably unclear how the state of burnout (i.e., the end stage of the burnout process) is conceived to differ from clinical depression. Empirically, evidence for the distinctiveness of the burnout phenomenon has been inconsistent, with the most recent studies casting doubt on that distinctiveness. The absence of consensual diagnostic criteria for burnout and burnout research's insufficient consideration of the heterogeneity of depressive disorders constitute major obstacles to the resolution of the raised issue. In conclusion, the epistemic status of the seminal, field-dominating definition of burnout is questioned. It is suggested that systematic clinical observation should be given a central place in future research on burnout-depression overlap. PMID:25638755

  11. Burnout and Doctors: Prevalence, Prevention and Intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Shailesh

    2016-01-01

    Doctors are exposed to high levels of stress in the course of their profession and are particularly susceptible to experiencing burnout. Burnout has far-reaching implications on doctors; patients and the healthcare system. Doctors experiencing burnout are reported to be at a higher risk of making poor decisions; display hostile attitude toward patients; make more medical errors; and have difficult relationships with co-workers. Burnout among doctors also increases risk of depression; anxiety; sleep disturbances; fatigue; alcohol and drug misuse; marital dysfunction; premature retirement and perhaps most seriously suicide. Sources of stress in medical practice may range from the emotions arising in the context of patient care to the environment in which doctors practice. The extent of burnout may vary depending on the practice setting; speciality and changing work environment. Understanding dynamic risk factors associated with burnout may help us develop strategies for preventing and treating burnout. Some of these strategies will be reviewed in this paper. PMID:27417625

  12. Burnout and Doctors: Prevalence, Prevention and Intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shailesh Kumar

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Doctors are exposed to high levels of stress in the course of their profession and are particularly susceptible to experiencing burnout. Burnout has far-reaching implications on doctors; patients and the healthcare system. Doctors experiencing burnout are reported to be at a higher risk of making poor decisions; display hostile attitude toward patients; make more medical errors; and have difficult relationships with co-workers. Burnout among doctors also increases risk of depression; anxiety; sleep disturbances; fatigue; alcohol and drug misuse; marital dysfunction; premature retirement and perhaps most seriously suicide. Sources of stress in medical practice may range from the emotions arising in the context of patient care to the environment in which doctors practice. The extent of burnout may vary depending on the practice setting; speciality and changing work environment. Understanding dynamic risk factors associated with burnout may help us develop strategies for preventing and treating burnout. Some of these strategies will be reviewed in this paper.

  13. [Burnout syndrome: diagnosis, principles of treatment, prophylaxis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ovchinnikov, Yu V; Palchenkova, M V; Kalachev, O V

    2015-07-01

    Burnout syndrome is a socio-psychological phenomenon of emotional, motivational, and physical exhaustion as a result of chronic occupational stress. It is manifested as long-term emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and diminished personal and professional achievements. Burnout syndrome is common among health care workers, 'due to their high dedication, empathy for suffering patients, and decision-making related to life and health of patients. Personal, role and organizational factors influence on development of burnout. The clinical picture of burnout is multifactorial and can be described as a set of psychosomatic and somatic disorders, symptoms of social dysfunction. Diversity and non-specific symptoms of burnout syndrome determine the need for an interdisciplinary approach to its diagnosis. The leading role in solving problems related to stress and emotional burnout plays psychotherapy. The paper presents diagnostic criteria, risk factors, and methods of prevention and treatment of emotional burnout. PMID:26821457

  14. Therapy of the burnout syndrome [Therapie des Burnout-Syndroms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Korczak, Dieter

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available [english] The prevalence, diagnostics and therapy of the burnout syndrome are increasingly discussed in the public. The unclear definition and diagnics of the burnout syndrome are scientifically criticized. There are several therapies with unclear evidence for the treatment of burnout in existence.The health technology assessment (HTA report deals with the question of usage and efficacy of different burnout therapies.For the years 2006 to 2011, a systematic literature research was done in 31 electronic databases (e.g. EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO. Important inclusion criteria are burnout, therapeutic intervention and treatment outcome.17 studies meet the inclusion criteria and are regarded for the HTA report. The studies are very heterogeneous (sample size, type of intervention, measuring method, level of evidence. Due to their study design (e.g. four reviews, eight randomized controlled trials the studies have a comparable high evidence: three times 1A, five times 1B, one time 2A, two times 2B and six times 4. 13 of the 17 studies are dealing with the efficacy of psychotherapy and psychosocial interventions for the reduction of burnout (partly in combination with other techniques. Cognitive behaviour therapy leads to the improvement of emotional exhaustion in the majority of the studies. The evidence is inconsistent for the efficacy of stress management and music therapy. Two studies regarding the efficacy of Qigong therapy do not deliver a distinct result. One study proves the efficacy of roots of Rhodiola rosea (evidence level 1B. Physical therapy is only in one study separately examined and does not show a better result than standard therapy.Despite the number of studies with high evidence the results for the efficacy of burnout therapies are preliminary and do have only limited reach. The authors of the studies complain about the low number of skilled studies for the therapy of burnout. Furthermore, they point to the insufficient evaluation of

  15. Burnout em residentes de enfermagem

    OpenAIRE

    Gianfábio Pimentel Franco; Alba Lúcia Bottura Leite de Barros; Luiz Antônio Nogueira-Martins; Sandra Salloum Zeitoun

    2011-01-01

    Enfermeiros Residentes podem experimentar desgaste físico e emocional decorrentes do cotidiano da Residência de Enfermagem. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a incidência do Burnout em Residentes de Enfermagem. Realizou-se um estudo exploratório, descritivo, analítico e longitudinal-prospectivo com 16 Residentes, no período de dois anos. Utilizou-se o Maslach Burnout Inventory traduzido e validado para o Brasil e um instrumento de dados sociodemográficos/ocupacionais. Dos Residentes, 17....

  16. Burnout em profissionais de bibliotecas

    OpenAIRE

    Fabiana Neme Nogueira Ramos; Carmen Maria Bueno Neme

    2014-01-01

    O estresse excessivo relacionado ao trabalho, denominado “Burn out”, é descrito como uma síndrome ou conjunto de sintomas resultantes da exaustão e perda de interesse pelo trabalho. O bibliotecário realiza atendimento ao público e atividades técnico-administrativas que incluem tomada de decisões e resolução de conflitos. Este estudo investigou níveis de Burnout de 24 profissionais de bibliotecas de três universidades, que responderam o Inventário Maslach de Burnout (MBI). O estudo consiste ta...

  17. Rehabilitation for patients with burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Stenlund, Therese

    2009-01-01

    Stress-related diseases and burnout have increased in Sweden during the last decades. In 2006, the most common diagnoses for new cases of sickness compensation were mental and behavioural disorders in both women and men. In spite of the large group of people seeking care for and on long-term sickness absence due to stress-related diseases and burnout, there is no agreement on which treatment they should be offered. The overall aim of this thesis was to describe patients on longterm sick leave...

  18. Plasma Heating and Burnout in Beam-Plasma Interaction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experiments using beam-plasma interaction to generate fully ionized plasma and enhance the temperature of the components are in progress at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Previous experimental work demonstrated that an electron beam of 5 keV could heat plasma electrons in a magnetic mirror machine to a temperature over 100 keV. In this extension of the earlier work the electron beam is directed through higher pressure gas. Such a dense cloud of electrons is produced that neutral gas streaming inward from the walls is almost completely ionized or burned out before reaching the center of the apparatus. The most spectacular feature of the burnout transition is the sudden decrease of spectral light by a factor about 1000. Several neutral beam transmission experiments give electron densities greater than 1012 cm-3. Microwave cut-off measurements agree with this lower limit. Direct measurements of the electron plasma frequency and the ion plasma frequency give a density of 5 x 1012 cm-3. Once the neutral gas in the plasma is ionized, the electron cooling by excitation processes and the ion cooling by charge-exchange phenomena disappear; therefore, any electron and ion heating caused by the electron beam should have time to take effect. Pin-hole camera images formed by 50-keV X-rays give evidence of electron heating. Ion heating is limited by wall proximity to 20-keV deuterons in the Burnout IV device and 200-keV deuterons in the larger Burnout V device. Magnetic and electrostatic analysis give evidence for the existence of some deuterons at 20 keV in Burnout IV; similar analysis is in progress on Burnout V. In Burnout V the electron beam traverses the central 300 cm3 of the 10-liter volume between the mirrors of a 40-20-40-kG mirror machine. Injection and multiple reflection of the 45-kW electron beam occur outside the mirrors in a region of 10-5 Torr ambient pressure. The lifetime of the plasma is difficult both to measure and to predict on theoretical grounds. The

  19. Burnout: From a Librarian's Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watstein, Sarah Barbara

    Intended to focus attention on librarians' needs regarding coping with mental and physical occupational stress, this report summarizes the activities of a workshop on the concerns of librarian instructors held in the fall of 1979 by the California Clearinghouse on Library Instruction (CCLI); discusses the various definitions of burnout; and…

  20. Burnout / Mart Jürisoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürisoo, Mart, 1950-2014

    2004-01-01

    Rootsi eestlase Mart Jürisoo peagi eestikeelsena ilmuva raamatu "Burnout - miks juhid läbi põlevad?" põhjal kokkuvõtlikult läbipõlemisest, ühiskondlikest nähtustest, mis sellele kaasa aitavad ning sellest hoidumise võimalustest

  1. Trainer Burnout: The Syndrome Explored.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waugh, C. Keith; Judd, Michael R.

    2003-01-01

    The educators' version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory was completed by 40 of 156 in-house trainers. More than one-third experience emotional exhaustion weekly, and almost half feel a lack of personal accomplishment. Subscales of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment correlated with perceptions of organizations'…

  2. GENDER AND STUDENT BURNOUT SYNDROME

    OpenAIRE

    Cecilia López-Pozos

    2014-01-01

    This article is about the influence of postmodernism on development of the burnout syndrome academic, manifested in various symptomatologies involved in the academic performance of the female gender. Research is quantitative and the results give us guideline to prevent the discomforts and school failure.

  3. Coal type and burnout performance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lester, E.; Cloke, M. [University of Nottingham, Nottingham (United Kingdom). School of Chemical, Environmental and Mining Engineering

    1999-07-01

    A variety of coals underwent refire tests in a drop tube furnace. Characteristics of the coal fractions, the pyrolysed char fractions and the refired char fractions were compared to determine links between coal composition, intermediate char products and burnout. 9 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  4. DEGREE OF BURNOUT AMONG EMERGENCY HEALTHCARE WORKERS AND FACTORS INFLUENCING LEVEL OF BURNOUT: A STUDY PROTOCOL

    OpenAIRE

    Shyamanta; Sashibha; Navoneela; Marami; Bornali; Sakhee; Anjana; Dipesh

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND Burnout is a feeling of failure and exhaustion. It is felt both at the physical and emotional level. Depletion of the person’s resources is a consequence and also has an impact on the organisation. Nature of the work itself makes emergency healthcare workers vulnerable to burnout. METHOD This study is designed to measure the degree of burnout among emergency healthcare workers in a hospital and to identify the factors that influence burnout. The study h...

  5. Burnout Questionnaire for Housewives (CUBAC): Assessment of its Psychometrical Properties and the Sequential Model of Burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Mónica Teresa González Ramírez; René Landero Hernández; José Moral de la Rubia

    2009-01-01

    The researches about burnout have been extended to different populations;nevertheless, we did not find an instrument to measure burnout in housewives.Thus, the aim of this paper was to evaluate psychometric properties ofBurnout questionnaire to housewives (CUBAC), designed by authors takingin consideration the Short questionnaire of burnout and also to evaluategoodness of fit of theoretical model behind questionnaires. Results about200 housewives showed an adequate reliability, evidence of va...

  6. Teachers’ Burnout: Indicators of Burnout and Investigation of the Indicators in terms of Different Variables

    OpenAIRE

    Seferoğlu, Süleyman Sadi; Hacettepe Üniversitesi, Eğitim Fakültesi, Bilgisayar ve Öğretim Teknolojileri Eğitimi Bölümü; Yıldız, Hatice; Gazi Üniversitesi, Eğitim Fakültesi, Bilgisayar ve Öğretim Teknolojileri Eğitimi Bölümü; Avcı Yücel, Ümmühan; Başkent Üniversitesi, Eğitim Fakültesi, Bilgisayar ve Öğretim Teknolojileri Eğitimi Bölümü

    2014-01-01

    Burnout is characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment. Since teaching profession is excessively demanding, requires effective communication, and leads one to suffer from emotional burnout, it is acknowledged as one of the professions with a great likelihood of burnout.The purpose of the present study was to analyze teacher burnout in reference to certain variables. Relational model was used in this study. A total of 163 teachers from various ...

  7. How to Measure Coach Burnout: An Evaluation of Three Burnout Measures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundkvist, Erik; Stenling, Andreas; Gustafsson, Henrik; Hassmén, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Although coach burnout has been studied for 30 years, what measure to use in this context has not yet been problematized. This study focuses on evaluating convergent and discriminant validity of three coach burnout measures by using multi-trait/multi-method analysis (CT-C[M-1]) model. We choose Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), the two dimensional…

  8. How to conduct research on burnout: Advantages and disadvantages of a unidimensional approach in burnout research.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brenninkmeijer, V.; Van Yperen, N.W.

    2003-01-01

    When conducting research on burnout, it may be difficult to decide whether one should report results separately for each burnout dimension or whether one should combine the dimensions. Although the multidimensionality of the burnout concept is widely acknowledged, for research purposes it is sometim

  9. Development of Adrenal Burnout Syndrom Questionnaire and testing the basis of reciprocal burnout model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreja Pšeničny

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the new Adrenal Burnout Syndrome Questionnaire (ABS Questionnaire. The questionnaire is based on the Reciprocal Burnout Model, combining the existing academic findings with the research efforts of the Inštitut za razvoj človeških virov (Institute for Human Resources Development, Ljubljana. The questionnaire distinguishes among separate stages of burnout and correlates them with their characteristic symptoms. The survey has been conducted on 225 participants, employing the ABS Questionnary and the Questionnaire on the Basic Needs Fulfilment. The objectives of the survey were: (i to investigate the burnout level in different demographic groups; (ii to examine the presence of the symptoms of both increased and decreased cortisol levels in different burnout classes; (iii to explore whether personal values, personality traits and the self-concept change in the period of the adrenal burnout following the break of the HPA axis, and (iv to examine whether the burnout is related to the fulfilment of basic needs. The results indicated that the burnout syndrome may affect all demographic groups (including the unemployed equally. In the last stage (the adrenal burnout after the break of the HPA axis the change in values and personality may occur. Various facets of self-concept change during the burnout. Strong inverted correlation between the level of burnout and the rating of the level of the needs satisfaction is in accordance with the key assumption of the Reciprocal Model of Burnout.

  10. Differential diagnostic of the burnout syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kister, Christine

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: There is no consistent definition of burnout. It is neither a defined diagnosis in ICD-10 nor in DSM-IV. Yet it is diagnosed by office-based doctors and clinicians. Mainly due to reimbursement reasons, diagnoses like depression are used instead of burnout diagnoses. Therefore burnout has a very high individual, social and economic impact. Objectives: How is burnout diagnosed? Which criteria are relevant? How valid and reliable are the used tools? What kind of disorders in case of burnout are relevant for a differential diagnosis? What is the economic effect of a differential diagnosis for burnout? Are there any negative effects of persons with burnout on patients or clients? Can stigmatization of burnout-patients or -clients be observed? Methods: Based on a systematic literature research in 36 databases, studies in English or German language, published since 2004, concerning medical and differential diagnoses, economic impact and ethical aspects of burnout, are included and evaluated. Results: 852 studies are identified. After considering the inclusion and exclusion criteria and after reviewing the full texts, 25 medical and one ethical study are included. No economic study met the criteria.The key result of this report is that so far no standardized, general and international valid procedure exists to obtain a burnout diagnosis. At present, it is up to the physician’s discretion to diagnose burnout. The overall problem is to measure a phenomenon that is not exactly defined. The current available burnout measurements capture a three dimensional burnout construct. But the cutoff points do not conform to the standards of scientifically valid test construction. It is important to distinguish burnout from depression, alexithymia, feeling unwell and the concept of prolonged exhaustion. An intermittent relation of the constructs is possible. Furthermore, burnout goes along with various ailments like sleep disturbance. Through a

  11. Burnout syndrome: a disease of modern societies?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, A; Jaekel-Reinhard, A

    2000-09-01

    In the light of social change and a transformation in the work situation, interest in the problem of burnout has grown over the past decade. There is a conspicuous discrepancy, however, between what is regarded as certain knowledge and what is published opinion. To date, there is no generally accepted definition of burnout, or binding diagnostic criteria. According to the most common description at present, burnout syndrome is characterized by exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced satisfaction in performance. Because of its aetiopathogenesis, burnout is today mainly regarded as the result of chronic stress which has not been successfully dealt with. This paper gives an overview of the current definition for burnout syndrome and states possible contemporary hypotheses for its aetiology. By examining diagnostic criteria and possible therapies, methods of prevention are discussed. There is an urgent need for further investigations to determine whether burnout syndrome is a work-related disease. PMID:11198677

  12. Behaviour and burnout in medical students

    OpenAIRE

    Cecil, Jo; McHale, Calum; Hart, Jo; Laidlaw, Anita

    2014-01-01

    Background: Burnout is prevalent in doctors and can impact on job dissatisfaction and patient care. In medical students, burnout is associated with poorer self-rated health; however, it is unclear what factors influence its development. This study investigated whether health behaviours predict burnout in medical students.Methods: Medical students (n=356) at the Universities of St Andrews and Manchester completed an online questionnaire assessing: emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalisation (...

  13. Burnout and engagement of reformed church ministers

    OpenAIRE

    Chenelle Buys; Sebastiaan Rothmann

    2010-01-01

    Orientation: The ministry is one occupation where burnout is increasingly considered to be a consequence of the problems with which ministers have to cope. However, few studies focused on the positive antipode of a minister’s work.Research purpose: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of job-demands and job-resources on ministers’ burnout and engagement. Congregational commitment and health were included as possible consequences of burnout and engagement.Motivation for t...

  14. Language Teacher Burnout and School Type

    OpenAIRE

    Jayakaran Mukundan; Pezhman Zare; Abdolvahed Zarifi; Umi Kalthom Abdul Manaf; Husniah Sahamid

    2015-01-01

    The present study was an attempt to explore the level of burnout among primary school teachers in Malaysia. In addition, the study tried to determine if the school type has any significant influence on teachers’ burnout level. To this end, 714 primary school teachers participated in the study. They were teaching at Malay (SK), Tamil (SJKT), and Chinese (SJKC) medium schools. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators Survey (MBI- ES) (Maslach, Jackson, & Schwab, 1986) was used to collect the...

  15. Study on College Students’ Learning Burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Weidong Wu

    2010-01-01

    Learning burnout is students’ passive mental state to the learning. College students’ learning burnout is closely related with the bad style and culture of the society, the employment pressure, the deficiency of college education and college students’ own mental factor. Therefore, to overcome the learning burnout, college and teachers must correct the deficiencies in the education and teaching, and students should also change themselves actively.

  16. Interpersonal behaviour in relation to burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geuens, Nina; Leemans, Annemie; Bogaerts, Annick; Van Bogaert, Peter; Franck, Erik

    2015-12-01

    Organisational and work-related challenges faced by midwives make them vulnerable to burnout, but individual factors, such as interpersonal behaviour, can also contribute. A study in eight hospitals in the Dutch-speaking part of Belgium investigated the prevalence of burnout among Flemish midwives, assessed their interpersonal behaviour, and explored the relationship between interpersonal behaviour, burnout, job satisfaction and intention to leave. This article describes the study and reports the findings. PMID:26602486

  17. Causes to Create Job Burnout in Organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malikeh Beheshtifar

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Burnout is an unpleasant and dysfunctional condition that both individuals and organizations would like to change. Job burnout is a consequence of the perceived disparity between the demands of the job and the resources (both material and emotional that an employee has available to him or her. The factors influential on burnout have been indicated in many studies over the years. Burnout has many negative effects on organization as well as on individual. Cynicism, job dissatisfaction, low organizational commitment, and quitting the job can be mentioned among the most important effects on organization. There are certain ways of preventing burnout. However, one needs to notice burnout in the first place in order to put into practice all these methods. In this regard, the first signs indicating the emergence of burnout are of vital importance. Colleagues, chiefs or subordinates may help an individual notice these signs. However, what is ideal is an attempt by organization to keep burnout under control consistently through an advanced detailed program, and to intervene through certain preventive methods when required. Finally, different methods are suggested for decreasing the burnout levels of employees.

  18. [The burnout syndrome: a medical perspective].

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Känel, R

    2008-04-30

    The burnout syndrome is a heterogeneous concept mostly understood as a complex of symptoms, primarily exhaustion, in response to prolonged emotional and interpersonal stress at work. The prevalence of burnout is considerably high in Swiss primary care physicians. In spite of its vague definition, burnout is a serious stress disease with many associated medical problems and high economic costs. Previous recommendations for the psychosomatic management of patients with functional somatic syndromes also apply to burnout treatment. These are complemented by more specific interventions targeting job stress related factors. Relapse prevention focuses on early recognition of warning signs and is an ongoing process. PMID:18557016

  19. Electrical pulse burnout testing of light-emitting diodes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Electrical pulse burnout thresholds were measured in GaAs, GaAsP, and GaP light-emitting diodes (LEDs) by studying the degradation in light output and the change in I-V characteristics both during the pulse and in the steady state. Pulse widths ranging from a few hundred nsec to 100 μsec were used. Light output degradation was the most sensitive parameter and was used to determine the thresholds. Just above threshold, damage is caused by an increase in generation-recombination current in the space-charge retion. This current is non-radiative and the light output drops, but the damage is not catastrophic. At higher power, the junction burns through and shunt resistance paths are formed which more drastically degrade the light output. The experimental data match reasonably with the theoretical Wunsch--Bell/Tasca model if a burnout area of 1/10 the junction area is assumed. Both the adiabatic term (At-1) and the heat flow term (Bt-/sup 1/2/) contribute in all devices, and the equilibrium term (C) contributes in some GaAsP devices. The scatter in the data for GaAs devices is greater than that for GaAsP devices, apparently because the former types have a significant fraction of mavericks with lower-than-normal thresholds. The use of LEDs to examine electrical pulse burnout is advantageous because the light output is quite sensitive to damage and the combined measurement of optical and electrical properties provides additional information about the mechanisms involved

  20. Burnout in Chinese coal mine safety supervision

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study examines commonly-suffered job burnout as it relates to the practice of safety supervision in Chinese coal mine enterprises. Commonly-suffered job burnout is a form of job burnout caused by external factors. It is closely related to task characteristics rather than individual idiosyncrasies. To explore the causes of commonly-suffered job burnout, the special attributes (the integrated output attributes, conditional output attributes, and public goods attributes) of coal mine safety output and the inevitability of the invalidation of the bounded authority in safety supervision were analyzed in this study, which reveals the formation mechanism of commonly-suffered job burnout. Moreover, a confirmatory game model was constructed to analyze how the attributes of the safety output and bounded authority of safety supervision act on the safety output. The theoretical connotation of commonly-suffered job burnout was explained based on the job demands-resources theory. A comparative analysis of commonly-suffered job burnout and the job burnout that occurs in the traditional research object was also undertaken from the viewpoint of the job demands, which are determined by the characteristics of the work task and their corresponding coping resources. Policy suggestions were given based on interventions in commonly-suffered job burnout. -- Highlights: •We discuss commonly-suffered job burnout in Chinese coal enterprises. •We analyze the special attributes of coal mine safety output. •We explore two main causes of commonly-suffered job burnout. •We construct a game model to validate how the two causes act on safety output. •We put forward related policy suggestions

  1. Simulation aided hardening of N-channel power MOSFETs to prevent single event burnout

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2D MEDICI simulator is used to investigate hardening solutions to single-event burnout (SEB). SEB parametric dependencies such as carrier lifetime reduction, base enlargement, and emitter doping decrease have been verified and a p+ plug modification approach for SEB hardening of power MOSFETs is validated with simulations on actual device structures

  2. Toward an understanding of burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vickman, L

    2000-01-01

    Burnout is a syndrome characterized by three dimensions: exhaustion, cynicism and ineffectiveness. It arises as a result of an interface between personal factors that are common to many professionals in conjunction with specific factors that are part of the fabric of any organization. The organizational factors include workload, control, the workplace as a supportive community, reward systems, fairness in decision-making and conflicts in group values. Improvement in group function comes with attention to each of these factors. PMID:10747589

  3. Burnout syndrome and analytical hypnosis

    OpenAIRE

    Carolusson, Susanna

    2014-01-01

    The author aims to discuss her experience that patients with Burnout syndromes need to recover in a unique individualised relational therapy and that they need a slower pace than national authorities are implementing through contemporary national guidelines for health and care systems. The author reviews published definitions of the syndrome and then presents two cases to illustrate the principle of finding the patients’ own resources, the value of exploring the history of their drive to achi...

  4. Physician burnout: A neurologic crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sigsbee, Bruce; Bernat, James L

    2014-12-01

    The prevalence of burnout is higher in physicians than in other professions and is especially high in neurologists. Physician burnout encompasses 3 domains: (1) emotional exhaustion: the loss of interest and enthusiasm for practice; (2) depersonalization: a poor attitude with cynicism and treating patients as objects; and (3) career dissatisfaction: a diminished sense of personal accomplishment and low self-value. Burnout results in reduced work hours, relocation, depression, and suicide. Burned-out physicians harm patients because they lack empathy and make errors. Studies of motivational factors in the workplace suggest several preventive interventions: (1) Provide counseling for physicians either individually or in groups with a goal of improving adaptive skills to the stress and rapid changes in the health care environment. (2) Identify and eliminate meaningless required hassle factors such as electronic health record "clicks" or insurance mandates. (3) Redesign practice to remove pressure to see patients in limited time slots and shift to team-based care. (4) Create a culture that promotes career advancement, mentoring, and recognition of accomplishments. PMID:25378679

  5. Occupational burnout in Birjand dentists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khazaie T

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available "nBackground and Aims: Occupational burnout is a psychological syndrome resulting from continuous tensions which causes absence, conflict, job changing, etc. In spite of much effort done in optimizing the work conditions and satisfying the employed persons, the dentists still suffer from this incident. The purpose of this study was to determine the degree of occupational burnout in Birjand dentists and to provide an approach."nMaterials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study by the census method, 38 dentists were investigated using Maslach questionnaire. Average values were compared with chi-square and comparison among the groups was performed by Tukey test using SPSS software. P≤0.05 was considered as the level of significance."nResults: In this study, there were 68.4% men and 31.6% women with average age of 37.9 ±7.6 years and average work experience of 12.5±7.3 years, 15.8% single and 84.2% married. Frequency of exhaustion, intense depersonalization, and intense feeling of being unsuccessful was 21.1%, 81.6%, and 100%, respectively. There were no significant differences between occupation burnout dimensions and the other variable, such as gender, sports, marital status, and workday hours (P>0.05."nConclusion: Protection of this stratum, providing educational programs and creating job variations are necessary for optimizing the work environment. Future studies with more sample size are suggested to determine the effect of factors.

  6. Burnout and Quality of Life among Healthcare Research Faculty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enders, Felicity; West, Colin P.; Dyrbye, Liselotte; Shanafelt, Tait D.; Satele, Daniel; Sloan, Jeff

    2015-01-01

    Burnout is increasingly recognized as a problem in the workplace--30% to 50% of physicians experience burnout, but no assessment of burnout has been done among healthcare research faculty. A cross-sectional survey of burnout, quality of life, and related factors was sent to all doctoral-level faculty in a large department of healthcare research.…

  7. Burnout among Career Development Professionals: Preliminary Findings and Implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forney, Deanna S.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    Presents the results of the initial stage of research conducted to explore the relationship between burnout and career development professionals through interviews (N=24). Formulates definition of burnout and identifies burnout symptoms and causes. Results pointed out the individualized nature of burnout, both in terms of symptoms/causes and…

  8. A Study of Burnout among Faculty at Fullerton College

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Tanzil

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the extent of burnout among full-time faculty at Fullerton College. This study reviewed research on burnout at the community college level and gives insight into burnout's major contributors to. It provides suggestions for intervention to reduce the phenomenon of faculty burnout and recommendations for…

  9. The Research on Teachers' Burnout of Secondary Vocational Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lin Liping

    2015-01-01

    Burnout becomes a common phenomenon in all walks of life.Scholars have begun to focus on the burnout of primary and secondary school teachers,but little attention was given to teachers of secondary vocational schools.This thesis summarized the general status quo of teacher burnout,the major resources and further proposals to cope with teacher burnout.

  10. The Research on Teachers’ Burnout of Secondary Vocational Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lin; Liping

    2015-01-01

    Burnout becomes a common phenomenon in all walks of life.Scholars have begun to focus on the burnout of primary and secondary school teachers,but little attention was given to teachers of secondary vocational schools.This thesis summarized the general status quo of teacher burnout,the major resources and further proposals to cope with teacher burnout.

  11. Job burnout in 159 anesthesiology trainees

    OpenAIRE

    Yesim Cokay Abut; Dilek Kitapcioglu; Kerem Erkalp; Naile Toprak; Aysenur Boztepe; Ulufer Sivrikaya; Inci Paksoy; Emel Kocer Gur; Gulay Eren; Aysegul Bilen

    2012-01-01

    Background: Anesthesiology may be stressful and most anesthesiologists develop mechanisms for coping. However, inexperienced trainee anesthesiologists seem to be vulnerable. We studied stress perception and job burnout in trainee anesthesiologists. Methods: Responses to perceived stress scale (PSS) and Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) were evaluated in 159 trainee anesthesiologists. Results: In our results, when perceived stress was increased, emotional exhaustion and depersonalization increas...

  12. Teacher Burnout: Stylish Fad or Profound Problem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunningham, William G.

    1982-01-01

    Evidence suggests that teacher burnout has significant impact on the quality of education and on teacher job satisfaction. Its causes include job stress and organizational structures or professional relationships. Reduction of burnout may come from such strategies as increased teacher role differentiation, greater teacher support, and improved…

  13. Burnout in therapy radiographers in the UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Probst, H; Griffiths, S; Adams, R; Hill, C

    2012-09-01

    The 2007 UK National Radiotherapy Advisory Group report indicated that the number and type of staff available is one of the "rate-limiting" steps in improving productivity in radiotherapy departments. Retaining well-trained, satisfied staff is key to meeting the objectives of the report; burnout is an important factor linked to satisfaction and attrition. The results of a survey measuring burnout in a sample of radiotherapists (therapy radiographers) are presented and considered against norms for the health sector and burnout in therapists from Canada and the USA. Case study methodology was used studying six radiotherapy departments selected because of close geographical proximity and differing vacancy rates for radiotherapists. An anonymous survey of radiotherapists used the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and other workforce-related measures (e.g. job satisfaction scales, measures of professional plateau, intentions to leave, job characteristics and demographic data); the results of the burnout questionnaire alone are presented in this paper. A total of 97 completed questionnaires were returned (representing a 28% response rate). The average score for emotional exhaustion was higher than the MBI norms, with 38% of respondents reporting emotional exhaustion (an element of burnout). The data presented support and validated a previous qualitative study, and highlighted key areas of concern requiring further study. A correlation between burnout and job dissatisfaction and intention to leave was identified; managers may want to consider encouraging role extension and good leadership qualities in treatment unit leaders to minimise the potential for burnout. PMID:22253352

  14. Performance and burnout in intensive care units

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keijsers, G.J.; Schaufeli, W.B.; LeBlanc, P.; Zwerts, C.; Miranda, D.R.

    1995-01-01

    The relationship between three different performance measures and burnout was explored in 20 Dutch Intensive Care Units (ICUs). Burnout (i.e. emotional exhaustion and depersonalization) proved to be significantly related to nurses' perceptions of performance as well as to objectively assessed unit p

  15. Stress and Burnout: An Organizational Synthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLean, Leslie H.; Clouse, R. Wilburn

    In the care, prevention, and treatment, of burnout, the reoccurring theme is "control and balance" between expectation and performance. Burnout is treatable and preventable, but changes and interventions must occur on all levels, (individual, organizational, and societal). Recent research, which has expanded the already complex definition of…

  16. "Burnout": definitions and health care management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beemsterboer, J; Baum, B H

    1984-01-01

    This paper examines the existing definitions and perceptions of the concept of "burnout" in the health professions. The authors suggest that the understanding of "burnout" is hindered by the lack of a single operational definition and a clear set of criteria. An example of social workers in a community mental health setting serves as an illustration. PMID:6515524

  17. Gendered Pathways in School Burnout among Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salmela-Aro, Katariina; Tynkkynen, Lotta

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study is to examine differences in student burnout by gender, time status with two time points before and after an educational transition, and educational track (academic vs. vocational). The definition of burnout is based on three components: exhaustion due to school demands, a disengaged and cynical attitude toward school, and…

  18. A Primary Prevention Model for Burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blake, Ronald E.

    1980-01-01

    Notes the evolving definition of mental health "primary prevention," the future of which is currently jeopardized. Describes a study of the effectiveness of primary prevention in relieving some of the signs and symptoms of teacher burnout. Includes the format of a teacher inservice program which addresses teacher burnout. (SB)

  19. Exploring Burnout in Batterer Intervention Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahner, Angela D.; Berkel, LaVerne A.

    2007-01-01

    This study used the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) to explore burnout in a sample of 115 batterer intervention program (BIP) workers (56% female, 44% male) from four midwestern states. The purpose of this study was to explore the role that demographic variables, job-setting variables, supervisor support, and personality characteristics played in…

  20. Language Teacher Burnout and School Type

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukundan, Jayakaran; Zare, Pezhman; Zarifi, Abdolvahed; Manaf, Umi Kalthom Abdul; Sahamid, Husniah

    2015-01-01

    The present study was an attempt to explore the level of burnout among primary school teachers in Malaysia. In addition, the study tried to determine if the school type has any significant influence on teachers' burnout level. To this end, 714 primary school teachers participated in the study. They were teaching at Malay (SK), Tamil (SJKT), and…

  1. Teacher Burnout. Information Capsule. Volume 1003

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blazer, Christie

    2010-01-01

    Burnout is a state of physical, mental, and emotional exhaustion resulting from chronic stress. It is characterized by feelings of alienation, indifference, and low self-regard, a loss of interest in work, and an inability to perform one's day-to-day job duties. Burnout within the teaching profession has been recognized as a serious problem.…

  2. Conceptions of Assessment and Teacher Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pishghadam, Reza; Adamson, Bob; Sadafian, Shaghayegh Shayesteh; Kan, Flora L. F.

    2014-01-01

    Teacher burnout is an important phenomenon that affects the education system and society as a whole. Assessment represents a form of stress for teachers, and this study explores the association between teachers' assessment-related beliefs and their burnout level. To this end, the Teachers' Conceptions of Assessment (TCoA) inventory along…

  3. Burnout and Job Satisfaction among Counselor Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sangganjanavanich, Varunee Faii; Balkin, Richard S.

    2013-01-01

    The relationship between burnout and job satisfaction among counselor educators was investigated. A total of 220 full-time counselor educators participated in this quantitative research study. Emotional exhaustion seemed to be the most significant predictor of burnout among counselor educators. Implications for counselor education and future…

  4. Suicidal Thoughts Among Medical Residents with Burnout

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Heijden, Frank; Dillingh, Gea; Bakker, Arnold; Prins, Jelle

    2008-01-01

    Objectives: Recent research showed that medical residents have a high risk for developing burnout. The present study investigates the prevalence of burnout and its relationship with suicidal thoughts among medical residents. Methods: All Dutch medical residents (n = 5126) received a self-report ques

  5. A Measure of Burnout for Business Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Law, Daniel W.

    2010-01-01

    The author surveyed 163 business students representing all business majors from a major state university. Participants completed a questionnaire utilizing a modified version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory. The data were factor analyzed to assess its basic underlying structure, and each burnout component was assessed for reliability. Results…

  6. Transient burnout under rapid flow reduction condition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Burnout characteristics were experimentally studied using uniformly heated tube and annular test sections under rapid flow reduction conditions. Observations indicated that the onset of burnout under a flow reduction transient is caused by the dryout of a liquid film on the heated surface. The decrease in burnout mass velocity at the channel inlet with increasing flow reduction rate is attributed to the fact that the vapor flow rate continues to increase and sustain the liquid film flow after the inlet flow rate reaches the steady-state burnout flow rate. This is because the movement of the boiling boundary cannot keep up with the rapid reduction of inlet flow rate. A burnout model for the local condition could be applied to the burnout phenomena with the flow reduction under pressures of 0.5 ∼ 3.9 MPa and flow reduction rates of 0.6 ∼ 35 %/s. Based on this model, a method to predict the burnout time under a flow reduction condition was presented. The calculated burnout times agreed well with experimental results obtained by some investigators. (author)

  7. Burnout Stress Syndrome in Child Protection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verstraete, Patricia A.

    1994-01-01

    Burnout stress syndrome is a complex concept reflecting a failure in both the individual's defense mechanism and in the work environment. Since child protection agencies cannot afford the costs of staff burnout, time and money spent by the organization to reduce employee stress is an investment in better service delivery. (TJQ)

  8. Teacher Burnout in Black and White

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haberman, Martin

    2005-01-01

    This article discusses teacher burnout which scholars define as a condition caused by depersonalization, exhaustion, and a diminished sense of accomplishment. A psychological model of how stress leads to burnout describes it as a syndrome resulting from teachers' inability to protect themselves against threats to their self esteem and well-being.…

  9. Research Burnout: a refined multidimensional scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Surendra N; Dalal, Nikunj; Mishra, Sanjay

    2004-12-01

    In a prevailing academic climate where there are high expectations for faculty to publish and generate grants, the exploration of Research Burnout among higher education faculty has become increasingly important. Unfortunately, it is a topic that has not been well researched empirically. In 1997 Singh and Bush developed a unidimensional scale to measure Research Burnout. A closer inspection of the definition of this construct and the composition of its items suggests, however, that the construct may be multidimensional and analogous to Maslach's Psychological Burnout Scale. In this paper, we propose a refined, multidimensional Research Burnout scale and test its factorial validity using confirmatory factor analysis. The nomological validity of this refined scale is established by examining hypothesized relationships between Research Burnout and other constructs such as Intrinsic Motivation for doing research, Extrinsic Pressures to do research, and Knowledge Obsolescence. PMID:15762409

  10. [Burnout: rising interest phenomenon in stressful workplace].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Della Valle, E; De Pascale, G; Cuccaro, A; Di Mare, M; Padovano, L; Carbone, U; Farinaro, E

    2006-01-01

    Many stressful situations, particularly strong and long time lasting, can induce the burnout syndrome. The definition "burnout" refers to emotional and exhausting conditions related to working environment. Since 70'ties, many studies, have focused on this topic, have assessed that this condition is much more frequent in some particular professional categories: teachers, physicians, nurses, social workers, policemen, judges (the so-called helping professions). The main syndrome characteristics are: physical and emotional fatigue, depersonalization, frustration for unsuccessful professional realization and reduced personal accomplishment in competence and productivity with decreasing critical sense towards working field. The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) has been the most popular instrument for measuring burnout in medical research. The coherence of many studies results on helping professions in different countries, leads to the conclusion that basically burnout is a psycho-social phenomenon of international relevance. These studies have also identified personal, relational and environmental risk factors susceptible to prevention. PMID:16649514

  11. Orthopaedic Surgeon Burnout: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniels, Alan H; DePasse, J Mason; Kamal, Robin N

    2016-04-01

    Burnout is a syndrome marked by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and low job satisfaction. Rates of burnout in orthopaedic surgeons are higher than those in the general population and many other medical subspecialties. Half of all orthopaedic surgeons show symptoms of burnout, with the highest rates reported in residents and orthopaedic department chairpersons. This syndrome is associated with poor outcomes for surgeons, institutions, and patients. Validated instruments exist to objectively diagnose burnout, although family members and colleagues should be aware of early warning signs and risk factors, such as irritability, withdrawal, and failing relationships at work and home. Emerging evidence indicates that mindfulness-based interventions or educational programs combined with meditation may be effective treatment options. Orthopaedic residency programs, departments, and practices should focus on identifying the signs of burnout and implementing prevention and treatment programs that have been shown to mitigate symptoms. PMID:26885712

  12. Burnout syndrome in selected professional groups and students

    OpenAIRE

    Veselková, Veronika

    2015-01-01

    This master's thesis deals with the problems of the burnout syndrome. The main objective of this thesis is to map the occurrence of the burnout syndrome at selected professional groups and students. The theoretical part describes in detail the burnout syndrome, its history, definition, causes, symptoms, phases and diagnostic options. This part of the thesis also includes treatment options and prevention of the burnout syndrome. The last part deals with the burnout syndrome in healthcare, educ...

  13. DEGREE OF BURNOUT AMONG EMERGENCY HEALTHCARE WORKERS AND FACTORS INFLUENCING LEVEL OF BURNOUT: A STUDY PROTOCOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shyamanta

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Burnout is a feeling of failure and exhaustion. It is felt both at the physical and emotional level. Depletion of the person’s resources is a consequence and also has an impact on the organisation. Nature of the work itself makes emergency healthcare workers vulnerable to burnout. METHOD This study is designed to measure the degree of burnout among emergency healthcare workers in a hospital and to identify the factors that influence burnout. The study has been approved by the institutional ethical committee. After obtaining informed consent, doctors, nurses and other healthcare workers who are working in the Emergency Department of the Gauhati Medical College Hospital, Guwahati, will form the study population. RESULT Sixty two healthcare workers will constitute the sample for the present study. The Assamese translation of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI is the chosen tool to assess burnout. The data on demography, factors influencing the level of burnout, and the degree of burnout will be collected through structured questionnaires. The analysis is planned by both descriptive (such as mean, standard deviation, and frequency distribution as well as inferential (non-parametric test such as Chi-square statistics. CONCLUSION Knowledge about the degree of burnout among the emergency healthcare workers and the factors influencing burnout in hospital can help in devising methods to recharge the resources and motivation of the workforce and thus the organisation and thereby improve the overall performance of the healthcare system and patient outcomes.

  14. Evaluating Burnout among Administrative and Healthcare Staffs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neda Khorshidian

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background & Aims of the Study Burnout is an occupational hazard which is known as one of the major factors affecting employees’ psychological disorders. The present study aimed to evaluate occupational burnout among administrative and healthcare staffs of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Materials & Methods In this cross sectional study, 300 employees (150 administrative staff and 150 health care staff were selected using random sampling method. Data were collected using Maslach Burnout Inventory and analyzed using SPSS software. Results: The mean of burnout was 2.33±0.60. The results showed no significant difference between men and women employees in terms of occupational burnout and its three dimensions. Moreover, a significant difference between administrative and medical staffs  were found only in the dimension of emotional exhaustion. The mean score of emotional exhaustion in the administrative staff was significantly lower than that of their peers in the healthcare sector (2.03±0.84vs. 2.36±1.00 (p=0.03. Conclusions: The results showed that the majority of employees reported an average level of burnout .Such finding was in agreement with the results reported in previous studies. The obtained results can pave the way for further study on the identifying determinants of burnout.

  15. Burnout And Lifestyle Of Principals And Entrepreneurs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasna Lavrenčič

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Research Question (RQ: What kind of lifestyle do the principals and entrepreneurs lead? Does the lifestyle of principals and entrepreneurs influence burnout? Purpose: To find out, based on the results of a questionnaire, what kind of lifestyle both researched groups lead. Does lifestyle have an influence on the occurrence of the phenomenon of burnout. Method: We used the method of data collection by questionnaire. Acquired data were analyzed using SPSS, descriptive and inference statistics. Results: Results showed, that both groups lead a similar lifestyle and that lifestyle influences burnout with principals, as well as entrepreneurs. Organization: School principals and entrepreneurs are the heads of individual organizations or companies, the goal of which is success. To be successful in their work, they must adapt their lifestyle, which can be healthy or unhealthy. If their lifestyle is unhealthy, it can lead to burnout. Society: With results of the questionnaire we would like to answer the question about the lifestyle of both groups and its influence on the occurrence of burnout. Originality: The study of lifestyle and the occurrence of burnout in these two groups is the first study in this area. Limitations/Future Research: In continuation, research groups could be submitted to the research fields of effort physiology and tracking of certain haematological parameters, such as cholesterol, blood sugar and stress hormones - adrenaline, noradrenalin, cortisol. Thus, we could carry out an even more in depth research of the connection between lifestyle and burnout.

  16. Behaviour and burnout in medical students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jo Cecil

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: Burnout is prevalent in doctors and can impact on job dissatisfaction and patient care. In medical students, burnout is associated with poorer self-rated health; however, it is unclear what factors influence its development. This study investigated whether health behaviours predict burnout in medical students. Methods: Medical students (n=356 at the Universities of St Andrews and Manchester completed an online questionnaire assessing: emotional exhaustion (EE, depersonalisation (DP, personal accomplishment (PA, alcohol use, physical activity, diet, and smoking. Results: Approximately 55% (54.8% of students reported high levels of EE, 34% reported high levels of DP, and 46.6% reported low levels of PA. Linear regression analysis revealed that year of study, physical activity, and smoking status significantly predicted EE whilst gender, year of study, and institution significantly predicted DP. PA was significantly predicted by alcohol binge score, year of study, gender, and physical activity. Conclusions: Burnout is present in undergraduate medical students in the United Kingdom, and health behaviours, particularly physical activity, predict components of burnout. Gender, year of study, and institution also appear to influence the prevalence of burnout. Encouraging medical students to make healthier lifestyle choices early in their medical training may reduce the likelihood of the development of burnout.

  17. Differentiation of Burnout Syndrome by Profession and Job: Gazi Burnout Inventory

    OpenAIRE

    Hakan KOC; Siddik ARSLAN; Isil G. TOPALOGLU

    2009-01-01

    Defined as the situation individuals undergo in the face of stress, burnout syndrome appears to be a handicap not only conveying the feeling of isolation towards a specific job or profession but diminishing the productivity of individual in profession-related settings as well. This study sets out to develop and design an attitude scale in order to explore the differentiation of burnout of individuals in terms of job and profession concepts. In order to measure professional and job burnout, a ...

  18. A síndrome de Burnout e o trabalho docente The Burnout syndrome and teaching

    OpenAIRE

    Mary Sandra Carlotto

    2002-01-01

    Este trabalho busca, a partir da literatura, apresentar a Síndrome de Burnout sob a perspectiva social-psicológica de Christina Maslach. Expõe os principais modelos explicativos de burnout em professores e, fundamentado em estudos recentes, identifica suas principais causas e conseqüências para os profissionais e para as instituições de ensino.This article, based on theorical references, intends to present the Burnout Syndrome following Christina Maslach social-psychological perspectives. It ...

  19. Development of Adrenal Burnout Syndrom Questionnaire and testing the basis of reciprocal burnout model

    OpenAIRE

    Andreja Pšeničny

    2007-01-01

    The paper presents the new Adrenal Burnout Syndrome Questionnaire (ABS Questionnaire). The questionnaire is based on the Reciprocal Burnout Model, combining the existing academic findings with the research efforts of the Inštitut za razvoj človeških virov (Institute for Human Resources Development), Ljubljana. The questionnaire distinguishes among separate stages of burnout and correlates them with their characteristic symptoms. The survey has been conducted on 225 participants, employing the...

  20. Burnout among physiotherapists and length of service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zbigniew Śliwiński

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The aim of this study was to identify factors that contribute to the development of burnout among physiotherapists with different length of service in physiotherapy. Material and Methods: The following research tools were used to study burnout: the Life Satisfaction Questionnaire (LSQ, based on FLZ (Fragebogen zur Lebenszufriedenheit by Frahrenberg, Myrtek, Schumacher, and Brähler; the Burnout Scale Inventory (BSI by Steuden and Okła; and an ad hoc questionnaire to collect socio-demographic data. The survey was anonymous and voluntary and involved a group of 200 active physiotherapists working in Poland. Results: A statistical analysis revealed significant differences in overall life satisfaction between length-of-service groups (p = 0.03. Physiotherapists with more than 15 years of service reported greater satisfaction than those with less than 5 years and between 5 and 15 years of service. The results suggest that burnout in those with 5-15 years of service is higher in physiotherapists working in health care centers and increases with age and greater financial satisfaction, while it decreases with greater satisfaction with friend and family relations and greater satisfaction with one's work and profession. In those with more than 15 years of service, burnout increases in the case of working in a setting other than a health care or educational center and decreases with greater satisfaction with one's work and profession. Conclusions: Job satisfaction and a satisfying family life prevent burnout among physiotherapists with 5-15 years of service in the profession. Financial satisfaction, age and being employed in health care may cause burnout among physiotherapists with 5-15 years of service. Physiotherapists with more than 15 years of service experience more burnout if they work in a setting other than a health care or educational center and less burnout if they are satisfied with their profession.

  1. Burnout Questionnaire for Housewives (CUBAC: Assessment of its Psychometrical Properties and the Sequential Model of Burnout

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Teresa González Ramírez

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The researches about burnout have been extended to different populations;nevertheless, we did not find an instrument to measure burnout in housewives.Thus, the aim of this paper was to evaluate psychometric properties ofBurnout questionnaire to housewives (CUBAC, designed by authors takingin consideration the Short questionnaire of burnout and also to evaluategoodness of fit of theoretical model behind questionnaires. Results about200 housewives showed an adequate reliability, evidence of validity comparingwith Stress Perceived Scale (PSS and acceptable goodness of fit inthe structural model analyzed.

  2. [Job burnout: focusing on occupational differences of enthusiasm for job].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igawa, Junichi; Nakanishi, Daisuke; Shiwa, Shiro

    2013-10-01

    This study investigates characteristics of burnout, as related to job descriptions in mental hospitals and presuppositions of the concept of burnout (burnout is caused as a result of having enthusiasm for a job). The results of a questionnaire survey (burnout tendency, Japanese Burnout Scale, enthusiasm for a job in the past, modified Enthusiasm scale) with 781 workers at mental hospitals showed that burnout characteristics varied according to job descriptions. Specifically, psychiatric social workers, medical assistants, and nurses fell into the high-burnout category, whereas doctors, occupational therapists, and pharmacists fell into the low-burnout category. In addition, in order to compare enthusiasm for a job in the past with current burnout tendencies, factor scores for the respective scales were classified into a low group or a high group and were cross tabulated. The numbers in the cells of the groups indicating the opposite of the definition of burnout (low enthusiasm-high burnout tendency, high enthusiasm-low burnout tendency) were larger. This indicates that having enthusiasm for a job is not a direct factor for burnout, which is different from the presupposition about burnout. PMID:24205741

  3. A dialectical perspective on burnout and engagement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew R. Leon

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available With strong empirical evidence existing for conflicting models, the nature of burnout and engagement continues to be debated. Scholars have recognized the need to theoretically clarify the nature of the burnout–engagement relationship in order to advance empirical research related to both topics. The purpose of this paper is to reconcile existing perspectives through an alternative approach that provides an alternate view of burnout and engagement based on dialectical theory. Implications for common theories used to study burnout and engagement are discussed, followed by suggestions and models for future research utilizing dialectics.

  4. Transient burnout in flow reduction condition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A transient flow reduction burnout experiment was conducted with water in a uniformly heated, vertically oriented tube. Test pressures ranged from 0.5 to 3.9 MPa. An analytical method was developed to obtain transient burnout conditions at the exit. A simple correlation to predict the deviation of the transient burnout mass velocity at the tube exit from the steady state mass velocity obtained as a function of steam-water density ratio and flow reduction rate. The correlation was also compared with the other data. (author)

  5. Chronic job burnout and daily functioning: A theoretical analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnold B. Bakker

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we discuss the individual employee's role in the development of his/her job burnout. We review the antecedents and consequences of burnout, and propose a model with chronic burnout as a moderator of daily functioning in the workplace. Specifically, we argue that chronic burnout strengthens the loss cycle of daily job demands, daily exhaustion, and daily self-undermining. Additionally, we argue that chronic burnout weakens the gain cycle of daily job resources, daily work engagement, and daily job crafting. We conclude that employees with high levels of burnout need help in structurally changing their working conditions and health status.

  6. Burnout in the intensive care unit professionals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalpalatha K Guntupalli

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Professional burnout has been widely explored in health care. We conducted this study in our hospital intensive care unit (ICU in United States to explore the burnout among nurses and respiratory therapists (RT. Materials and Methods: A survey consisting of two parts was used to assess burnout. Part 1 addressed the demographic information and work hours. Part 2 addressed the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Service Survey. Results: The analysis included 213 total subjects; Nurses 151 (71% and RT 62 (29%. On the emotional exhaustion (EE scale, 54% scored "Moderate" to "High" and 40% scored "Moderate" to "High" on the depersonalization (DP scale. Notably 40.6% scored "Low" on personal accomplishment (PA scale. Conclusion: High level of EE, DP and lower PAs were seen among two groups of health care providers in the ICUs.

  7. Burnout characteristics under flow reduction condition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Burnout characteristics in a uniformly heated, vertically oriented tube, under flow reduction condition, were experimentally studied. Test pressures ranged 0.5 -- 3.9 MPa and flow reduction rates 0.6 -- 35%/s. An analytical method was developed to obtain the local mass velocity during a transient condition. The local mass velocity at the burnout location with an increasing flow reduction rate was slightly different from that measured in steady state tests. The system pressure had a significant effect on the difference. An empirical correlation was presented to give the ratio between the transient and steady state burnout mass velocities at the burnout location as a function of the steam-water density ratio and the flow reduction rate. Experimental results of previous work were compared with this correlation. (author)

  8. Depression-Burnout Overlap in Physicians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wurm, Walter; Vogel, Katrin; Holl, Anna; Ebner, Christoph; Bayer, Dietmar; Mörkl, Sabrina; Szilagyi, Istvan-Szilard; Hotter, Erich; Kapfhammer, Hans-Peter; Hofmann, Peter

    2016-01-01

    Background Whether burnout is a distinct phenomenon rather than a type of depression and whether it is a syndrome, limited to three “core” components (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and low personal accomplishment) are subjects of current debate. We investigated the depression-burnout overlap, and the pertinence of these three components in a large, representative sample of physicians. Methods In a cross-sectional study, all Austrian physicians were invited to answer a questionnaire that included the Major Depression Inventory (MDI), the Hamburg Burnout Inventory (HBI), as well as demographic and job-related parameters. Of the 40093 physicians who received an invitation, a total of 6351 (15.8%) participated. The data of 5897 participants were suitable for analysis. Results Of the participants, 10.3% were affected by major depression. Our study results suggest that potentially 50.7% of the participants were affected by symptoms of burnout. Compared to physicians unaffected by burnout, the odds ratio of suffering from major depression was 2.99 (95% CI 2.21–4.06) for physicians with mild, 10.14 (95% CI 7.58–13.59) for physicians with moderate, 46.84 (95% CI 35.25–62.24) for physicians with severe burnout and 92.78 (95% CI 62.96–136.74) for the 3% of participants with the highest HBI_sum (sum score of all ten HBI components). The HBI components Emotional Exhaustion, Personal Accomplishment and Detachment (representing depersonalization) tend to correlate more highly with the main symptoms of major depression (sadness, lack of interest and lack of energy) than with each other. A combination of the HBI components Emotional Exhaustion, Helplessness, Inner Void and Tedium (adj.R2 = 0.92) explained more HBI_sum variance than the three “core” components (adj.R2 = 0.85) of burnout combined. Cronbach’s alpha for Emotional Exhaustion, Helplessness, Inner Void and Tedium combined was 0.90 compared to α = 0.54 for the combination of the three

  9. Depression-Burnout Overlap in Physicians.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter Wurm

    Full Text Available Whether burnout is a distinct phenomenon rather than a type of depression and whether it is a syndrome, limited to three "core" components (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and low personal accomplishment are subjects of current debate. We investigated the depression-burnout overlap, and the pertinence of these three components in a large, representative sample of physicians.In a cross-sectional study, all Austrian physicians were invited to answer a questionnaire that included the Major Depression Inventory (MDI, the Hamburg Burnout Inventory (HBI, as well as demographic and job-related parameters. Of the 40093 physicians who received an invitation, a total of 6351 (15.8% participated. The data of 5897 participants were suitable for analysis.Of the participants, 10.3% were affected by major depression. Our study results suggest that potentially 50.7% of the participants were affected by symptoms of burnout. Compared to physicians unaffected by burnout, the odds ratio of suffering from major depression was 2.99 (95% CI 2.21-4.06 for physicians with mild, 10.14 (95% CI 7.58-13.59 for physicians with moderate, 46.84 (95% CI 35.25-62.24 for physicians with severe burnout and 92.78 (95% CI 62.96-136.74 for the 3% of participants with the highest HBI_sum (sum score of all ten HBI components. The HBI components Emotional Exhaustion, Personal Accomplishment and Detachment (representing depersonalization tend to correlate more highly with the main symptoms of major depression (sadness, lack of interest and lack of energy than with each other. A combination of the HBI components Emotional Exhaustion, Helplessness, Inner Void and Tedium (adj.R2 = 0.92 explained more HBI_sum variance than the three "core" components (adj.R2 = 0.85 of burnout combined. Cronbach's alpha for Emotional Exhaustion, Helplessness, Inner Void and Tedium combined was 0.90 compared to α = 0.54 for the combination of the three "core" components.This study demonstrates the

  10. Burnout among Low and High Experienced Teachers

    OpenAIRE

    Seyedehhava Mousavy; Nur Sakinah Thomas; Jayakaran Mukundan; Vahid Nimehchisalem

    2012-01-01

    Burnout is a serious psychological syndrome that can affect not only an individual’s well-being, but also the functioning of whole organisations, such as schools. It is characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and decreased personal accomplishment.The level of burnout among teachers in the field of education has a negative impact on student success. The present investigation examines the level of burn out among high and low experienced teachers. It focused on a group of Engli...

  11. Physician Burnout: Coaching a Way Out

    OpenAIRE

    Gazelle, Gail; Liebschutz, Jane M.; Riess, Helen

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRACT Twenty-five to sixty percent of physicians report burnout across all specialties. Changes in the healthcare environment have created marked and growing external pressures. In addition, physicians are predisposed to burnout due to internal traits such as compulsiveness, guilt, and self-denial, and a medical culture that emphasizes perfectionism, denial of personal vulnerability, and delayed gratification. Professional coaching, long utilized in the business world, provides a results-o...

  12. Physician Burnout: Coaching a Way Out

    OpenAIRE

    Gazelle, Gail; Liebschutz, Jane M.; Riess, Helen

    2014-01-01

    Twenty-five to sixty percent of physicians report burnout across all specialties. Changes in the healthcare environment have created marked and growing external pressures. In addition, physicians are predisposed to burnout due to internal traits such as compulsiveness, guilt, and self-denial, and a medical culture that emphasizes perfectionism, denial of personal vulnerability, and delayed gratification. Professional coaching, long utilized in the business world, provides a results-oriented a...

  13. Burnout in therapy radiographers in the UK

    OpenAIRE

    Probst, H; Griffiths., S; Adams, R; Hill, C

    2012-01-01

    The 2007 UK National Radiotherapy Advisory Group report indicated that the number and type of staff available is one of the “rate-limiting” steps in improving productivity in radiotherapy departments. Retaining well-trained, satisfied staff is key to meeting the objectives of the report; burnout is an important factor linked to satisfaction and attrition. The results of a survey measuring burnout in a sample of radiotherapists (therapy radiographers) are presented and considered against norms...

  14. THE BURNOUT SYNDROME PREVENTION AMONG SOCIAL WORKERS

    OpenAIRE

    POMYJOVÁ, Romana

    2007-01-01

    The theoretical part of this thesis is devoted to the definition of the burnout syndrome, its relation to social workers, causes of rise, the process and above all it deals with the prevention of the burnout syndrome. The practical part is specialized in the monitoring of prevention at the organization level. In the research four types of organizations are engaged: home for seniors, hospital, charity, detachment of social-legal protection of children. As a research method was used secondary a...

  15. Professional practice environment and burnout among nurses

    OpenAIRE

    Renata Cristina Gasparino; Edinêis de Brito Guirardello

    2015-01-01

    Objective: to evaluate the professional practice environment of nurses, their relationship with burnout syndrome and the differences among three institutions. Methods: a cross-sectional study developed at one secondary and two tertiary hospitals, with 278 nurses, who filled the Nursing Work Index Revised – Brazilian Version and the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Results: most of these nurses showed job satisfaction and good quality of health care, while few informed intentions to leave their jobs...

  16. Van burn-out naar bevlogenheid

    OpenAIRE

    Hoekx, Laura

    2015-01-01

    Het fenomeen burn-out is tegenwoordig niet meer uit de media weg te denken. Steeds meer mensen gaan ten onder aan werkstress en geraken opgebrand. Dat heeft niet alleen voor de persoon in kwestie negatieve gevolgen, zowel mentaal als lichamelijk, maar ook voor de organisatie. Een minder bekend en relatief nieuw begrip is bevlogenheid of engagement, de tegenhanger van burn-out. Bevlogen mensen zijn energiek, voelen zich betrokken bij de organisatie en kunnen lang en onvermoeibaar doorgaan met ...

  17. Differentiating Burnout from Depression: Personality Matters!

    OpenAIRE

    Melchers, Martin Christoph; Plieger, Thomas; Meermann, Rolf; Reuter, Martin

    2015-01-01

    Stress-related affective disorders have been identified as a core health problem of the twenty-first century. In the endeavor to identify vulnerability factors, personality has been discussed as a major factor explaining and predicting disorders like depression or burnout. An unsolved question is whether there are specific personality factors allowing differentiation of burnout from depression. The present study tested the relation between one of the most prominent, biological personality the...

  18. The Influence of Demographics on Job Burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Abdul Haque; Muhammad Shakeel Aslam

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the relationship of demographics and job burnout. Association of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, lack of accomplishment and overall job burnout with different demographics such as gender, age, marital status, qualification, work experience, salary structure and working hours was investigated in this study. A well-structured questionnaire was administered and data was collected from 406 bankers working in local private, local nationalized and foreign banks located ...

  19. Burnout in journalists: A systematic literature review

    OpenAIRE

    Jasmine B. MacDonald; Anthony J. Saliba; Gene Hodgins; Linda A. Ovington

    2016-01-01

    The present study aims to provide a concise, comprehensive, and systematic review of the quantitative literature relating to the experience of burnout in journalists of various specialties and mediums. The systematic review method adopted is that prescribed by Fink (2010), which contains three main elements: Sampling the literature, screening the literature, and extracting data. Results indicate that journalists most at risk of burnout are females who are younger, with fewer years of journali...

  20. Athletes’ motivational needs regarding burnout and engagement

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez-Alvarado, Julio R.; Guillén García, Félix; Feltz, Deborah

    2016-01-01

    This study analyzed the relationships between the basic motivational needs, burnout and engagement in soccer players with the aim of finding an explanation for why these athletes stay engaged or burnout. Participants were 227 male Spanish third division soccer players between the ages of 18 and 32 (M = 23.36; SD = 3.63), who completed questionnaires measuring perceived autonomy, perceived competence and the need for relatedness in order to examine basic motivational needs. Athletes also compl...

  1. Depression-Burnout Overlap in Physicians

    OpenAIRE

    Walter Wurm; Katrin Vogel; Anna Holl; Christoph Ebner; Dietmar Bayer; Sabrina Mörkl; Istvan-Szilard Szilagyi; Erich Hotter; Hans-Peter Kapfhammer; Peter Hofmann

    2016-01-01

    Background Whether burnout is a distinct phenomenon rather than a type of depression and whether it is a syndrome, limited to three “core” components (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and low personal accomplishment) are subjects of current debate. We investigated the depression-burnout overlap, and the pertinence of these three components in a large, representative sample of physicians. Methods In a cross-sectional study, all Austrian physicians were invited to answer a questionnaire ...

  2. Burnout among Low and High Experienced Teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyedehhava Mousavy

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Burnout is a serious psychological syndrome that can affect not only an individual’s well-being, but also the functioning of whole organisations, such as schools. It is characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and decreased personal accomplishment.The level of burnout among teachers in the field of education has a negative impact on student success. The present investigation examines the level of burn out among high and low experienced teachers. It focused on a group of English teachers from different nationalities: Iranian, and Malaysian at UPM to examine if there is any relation between burnout and experience level. The sample consisted of 30 English teachers. Two instruments namely, The Maslach Burnout Inventory and Demographic Questionnaire were used to collect data. Data analysis revealed that there is no significant difference in depersonalization and personal accomplishment scores between low and high experienced teachers. But the result of this study also revealed that there is a significant difference in Emotional Exhaustion scores between low and high experienced teachers. Further research is required to explore the roots and the causes of burnout.Keywords: teacher burnout, emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, personal accomplishment

  3. Using the Maslach Burnout Inventory among dentists: burnout measurement and trends.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brake, J.H.M. te; Bouman, A.M.; Gorter, R.C.; Hoogstraten, J.; Eijkman, M.A.J.

    2008-01-01

    Objectives: To extend our knowledge about the applicability of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) among dentists and to investigate trends in burnout risk among dental professionals. Methods: The structure of the MBI is examined among two independent, representative samples of dentists (n = 493 and

  4. Using the Maslach Burnout Inventory among dentists: burnout measurement and trends

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.H.M. te Brake; A.M. Bouman; R.C. Gorter; J. Hoogstraten; M.A.J. Eijkman

    2008-01-01

    Objectives: To extend our knowledge about the applicability of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) among dentists and to investigate trends in burnout risk among dental professionals. Methods: The structure of the MBI is examined among two independent, representative samples of dentists (n = 493 and

  5. Yoga as a Burnout Preventative for Psychology Graduate Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marquez, Genevive

    2011-01-01

    Psychology graduate students experience unique stressors resulting from academic tasks and regular exposure to emotional distress (Stratton, Kellaway, & Rottini, 2007). Pervasive stress may eventually lead to burnout: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment (Maslach, 1986). Burnout impinges on academic…

  6. Síndrome de Burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Lachiner Saborío Morales; Luis Fernando Hidalgo Murillo

    2015-01-01

    El síndrome de Burnout fue declarado en el año 2000 por la Organización Mundial de la Salud como un factor de riesgo laboral por su capacidad para afectar la calidad de vida, salud mental e incluso hasta poner en riesgo la vida. Su definición no se encuentra en el DSM-V, ni en el CIE 10, pero usualmente se describe como una forma inadecuada de afrontar el estrés crónico, cuyos rasgos principales son el agotamiento emocional, la despersonalización y la disminución del desempeño personal. En Co...

  7. Burnout syndrome and analytical hypnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolusson, Susanna

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The author aims to discuss her experience that patients with Burnout syndromes need to recover in a unique individualised relational therapy and that they need a slower pace than national authorities are implementing through contemporary national guidelines for health and care systems. The author reviews published definitions of the syndrome and then presents two cases to illustrate the principle of finding the patients’ own resources, the value of exploring the history of their drive to achieve and also how to utilize resistance as information about defenses and their functions. She uses hypnosis, hypnoanalysis and ego state imagery as a tool for finding the patients’ pace, needs and unique ways for recovery.

  8. Physics of Incandescent Lamp Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gluck, Paul; King, John

    2008-01-01

    Incandescent lamps with tungsten filaments have been in use for about a century while being gradually replaced by fluorescent lamps; in another generation both will quite probably be largely replaced by light-emitting diodes. Incandescent lamps (simply called lamps in what follows) burn out after a lifetime that depends mostly on the temperature of the filament and hence the applied voltage. A full-term project (about 100 hours) on lamp burnout was carried out by two students in 1965 and has been briefly described. Many aspects of the physics of lamps have been dealt with in articles that have appeared in this journal, in the American Journal of Physics, and in Physics Education.2,3

  9. Strengthening positive interpersonal relationships at work: An antidote for burnout

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CORALIA SULEA

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Burnout is an important phenomenon for organizations and employees associated with negative outcomes. Key organizational areas, like fairness and workplace community, are responsible for employee burnout. This editorial argues for the importance of workplace community and presents the mechanisms through which dysfunctional relationships at work may contribute to burnout, as well as the processes that explain how healthy interpersonal relationships can be an antidote for burnout.

  10. Nurses’ Burnout in Oncology Hospital Critical Care Unit

    OpenAIRE

    Yeliz İrem Tunçel; Menşure Kaya; Rukiye Neslihan Kuru; Saadet Menteş; Süheyla Ünver

    2014-01-01

    Objective: Burnout is common in intensive care units (ICU) because of high demands and difficult working conditions. The aim of this study was to analyse nurses’ burnout in our oncology ICU and to determine which factors are associated with. Material and Method: The study was carried out in Ankara Oncology Hospital ICU. A self- reporting questionnaire in an envelope was used for the evaluation of burnout (Turkish- language version of Maslach Burnout Inventory) and depression (Beck Depressi...

  11. Side effects of being tired : burnout among Swedish sport coaches

    OpenAIRE

    Lundkvist, Erik

    2015-01-01

    Burnout is a psychological concept that have got much attention since it was first defined in the middle of the 1970s. Although the definition of burnout differ there is consensus about exhaustion as the most important part of the concept. Burnout have also been in focus in sport psychology research. Mostly athletes have been studied but interest the coach profession have also been of interest. Research on coach burnout have mostly been directed towards demographic variables, organizational i...

  12. The person-oriented approach to burnout : A systematic review

    OpenAIRE

    Mäkikangas, Anne; KINNUNEN, Ulla

    2016-01-01

    The variable-oriented approach has dominated empirical burnout research, but during the last 10 years a person-oriented approach to burnout has also become common. The aim of this systematic literature review was to identify, categorize and evaluate the empirical research to date that has adopted a personoriented approach to burnout. The results of these studies were then compared with those generated by variable-oriented burnout research. An electronic search of seven databases w...

  13. Burnout als Ausdruck von Kritik an sich wandelnden Strukturen

    OpenAIRE

    Nötling, Katrin

    2014-01-01

    "In diesem Artikel soll anhand von Ausschnitten aus Interviews mit Burnout-Betroffenen und Beobachtungsprotokollen von öffentlichen Informationsveranstaltungen zu Burnout aufgezeigt werden, wie die unterschiedlichen Akteure über die Thematisierung von Burnout eine Alltagskritik üben. Diese Alltagskritik ist auf der Ebene der Arbeitswelt, der Ebene handlungsleitender Strukturen und der Ebene der Zeit zu finden. Über Burnout werden somit zentrale Elemente des gesellschaftlichen Wandels zum Obje...

  14. Burnout in boiling heat transfer. part I: pool boiling systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent experimental and analytical developments in pool-boiling burnout are reviewed, and results are summarized that clarify the dependence of critical heat flux on heater geometry and fluid properties. New analytical interpretations of burnout are discussed, and the effects of surface condition, aging, acceleration, and transient heating (or cooling) are described. The relation of sound to burnout and new techniques for stabilizing electric heaters at burnout are also considered

  15. Reciprocal burnout model: Interconnectedness of interpersonal and intrapersonal factors

    OpenAIRE

    Andreja Pšeničny

    2007-01-01

    Burnout can be described as chronic state of extreme psychophysical and emotional exhaustion. Burning out is a stage process consisting of: the stage of exhaustion, the stage of captivity and the final stage – adrenal burnout. Adrenal burnout syndrome (ABS) is the final stage of burning out process, resulting in a functional blocade of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis which causes secondary cortisol insufficiency. Even though they share similar symptoms, burnout and depression are tw...

  16. Prevalence of burnout in a sample of Brazilian teachers

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro R. Gil-Monte; Mary Sandra Carlotto; Sheila Gonçalves Câmara

    2011-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Burnout is a psychological response to chronic work-related stress of an interpersonal and emotional nature. Brazilian law have already contemplated burnout syndrome as a mental and behavioural disorder related to work. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of burnout in a sample of Brazilian teachers. Methods: The sample was composed of 714 teachers from 8 schools in Porto Alegre and its metropolitan area (Brazil). The levels of burnout were evaluate...

  17. Burnout syndrome in physical therapists – Demographic and organizational factors

    OpenAIRE

    Urszula Pustułka-Piwnik; Zdzisław Jan Ryn; Łukasz Krzywoszański; Joanna Stożek

    2014-01-01

    Background: Professional burnout results from prolonged exposure to chronic, job-related stressors. According to Christina Maslach, professional burnout is a syndrome of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment. Literature includes a number of reports on burnout syndrome within health service, but hardly ever do they make any references to physiotherapists. The purpose of this study is assessment of the level of professional burnout in a group of physiothera...

  18. Occupational stress and burnout syndrome in police officers

    OpenAIRE

    Ogińska-Bulik, Nina

    2003-01-01

    The aim of the study was to establish: 1) the relationship between stress at work and burnout syndrome in group of police officers, 2) what is the level of burnout depending on the level of perceived stress at work, 3) predictors of burnout syndrome in policemen. 277 police officers were examined. The mean of age was: 35 years. The Perceived Job Stress Characteristics Questionnaire and Maslach Burnout Inventory were used in the study. Positive relationship between stress at wor...

  19. The Relationship Between Burnout and Occupational Stress in Genetic Counselors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnstone, Brittney; Kaiser, Amy; Injeyan, Marie C; Sappleton, Karen; Chitayat, David; Stephens, Derek; Shuman, Cheryl

    2016-08-01

    Burnout represents a critical disruption in an individual's relationship with work, resulting in a state of exhaustion in which one's occupational value and capacity to perform are questioned. Burnout can negatively affect an individual's personal life, as well as employers in terms of decreased work quality, patient/client satisfaction, and employee retention. Occupational stress is a known contributor to burnout and occurs as a result of employment requirements and factors intrinsic to the work environment. Empirical research examining genetic counselor-specific burnout is limited; however, existing data suggests that genetic counselors are at increased risk for burnout. To investigate the relationship between occupational stress and burnout in genetic counselors, we administered an online survey to members of three genetic counselor professional organizations. Validated measures included the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (an instrument measuring burnout on three subscales: exhaustion, cynicism, and professional efficacy) and the Occupational Stress Inventory-Revised (an instrument measuring occupational stress on 14 subscales). Of the 353 respondents, more than 40 % had either considered leaving or left their job role due to burnout. Multiple regression analysis yielded significant predictors for burnout risk. The identified sets of predictors account for approximately 59 % of the variance in exhaustion, 58 % of the variance in cynicism, and 43 % of the variance in professional efficacy. Our data confirm that a significant number of genetic counselors experience burnout and that burnout is correlated with specific aspects of occupational stress. Based on these findings, practice and research recommendations are presented. PMID:27228983

  20. Reciprocal burnout model: Interconnectedness of interpersonal and intrapersonal factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreja Pšeničny

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Burnout can be described as chronic state of extreme psychophysical and emotional exhaustion. Burning out is a stage process consisting of: the stage of exhaustion, the stage of captivity and the final stage – adrenal burnout. Adrenal burnout syndrome (ABS is the final stage of burning out process, resulting in a functional blocade of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis which causes secondary cortisol insufficiency. Even though they share similar symptoms, burnout and depression are two different types of disorder. They differ mainly in basic cortisol levels and self-esteem. Researchers tend to link the burnout syndrome and environmental stress (interpersonal causes. Recently, some of them found connection between burnout syndrome and personality traits (intrapersonal causes. Reciprocal burnout model links both causes. It shows that in the same circumstances only a few people suffer from adrenal burnout syndrome. It states that personal characteristics are one of the main causes why people suffering from burnout syndrome enroll in nonreciprocal personal and professional relations. Socialization process plays an important role in development of personality traits. The core of the reciprocal burnout model consists of one's attitude towards his or her basic needs' fulfillment, personal system of values, and correlation between fulfillment of basic needs (energy accumulation and burning out process (energy consumption. Reciprocal burnout model is opening a series of questions, concerning the connection between personality traits, life satisfaction and personal values, and burnout syndrome risk behavior, as well as the influence of whole life circumstances on burning out process.

  1. The Effects of Burnout on Organizational Commitment in Logistics Sector

    OpenAIRE

    Dursun Yener; Kader Oskaybaş; Tolga Dursun

    2014-01-01

    Burnout is a psychological syndrome that reduces people’s motivation, job satisfaction and organizational commitment. People whose jobs are related with human interaction are usually exposed to burnout. In the literature, three dimensions of burnout were defined as emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment. In this study antecedents (cynicism, role ambiguity, role conflict and organizational justice) and consequences (jo...

  2. Burnout: A Major Problem for the Teaching Profession.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gold, Yvonne

    1984-01-01

    Discusses current definitions of burnout and need for a common definition. Reviews factors responsible for burnout. Presents several solutions. Concludes that much research was based on untested assumptions. Indicates need for objective measurement of teachers' identification with the concept of burnout and dysfunctional personal and professional…

  3. Burnout? Mid-Life Crisis? Let's Understand Ourselves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardinell, Charles F.

    1981-01-01

    Definitions are provided which permit an analysis of stress, career burnout, and mid-life professional crises among teachers. Burnout is defined as the mid-career deterioration of job performance. Observation of teacher burnout symptoms shows that many teachers lose commitment to the profession as their careers develop. (JN)

  4. Factors Affecting Role Stress and Burnout among School Counselors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willingham, Wendy Elizabeth

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine factors affecting role stress and burnout among practicing school counselors as measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators Survey (MBI-ES) and the Role Conflict and Ambiguity Scale. The MBI-ES utilizes three subscales to measure burnout: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal…

  5. Teacher Burnout and Job Satisfaction among Agricultural Education Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chenevey, Jamie L.; Ewing, John C.; Whittington, M. Susie

    2008-01-01

    The demands on teachers both in and out of classrooms combined with increased budget cuts have led many to question the levels of job satisfaction and burnout among agricultural education teachers. The purpose of this study was to describe the occurrence of burnout and the level at which burnout exists among agricultural education teachers in…

  6. Investigation of Burnout among Instructors Working at ESOGU Preparatory School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özkanal, Ümit; Arikan, Nadire

    2010-01-01

    Burnout is an issue to be taken seriously in the workplaces where human interaction is salient and very important. The aim of the research is to investigate burnout among the instructors working at ESOGU preparatory school and find out what factors affect their levels of burnout. 28 instructors working in this institution participated in the…

  7. Self-Efficacy and Burnout in Professional School Counselors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunduz, Bulent

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the relationships between burnout and self-efficacy among school counselors. Also, the level of their burnout and self-efficacy was examined in terms of the social support, task perception and the number of students. A sample of 194 school counselors filled out the Maslach Burnout Inventory, The School Counselors…

  8. A Study of the Factors Leading English Teachers to Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cephe, Pasa Tevfik

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports a research study carried out on teacher burnout with a group of English instructors (N=44) in order to identify the major factor(s) leading instructors to burnout at various levels. A survey research model was first applied to find out the instructors (N=37) with a burnout problem and categorize them at different levels of…

  9. Burnout and engagement of reformed church ministers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chenelle Buys

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: The ministry is one occupation where burnout is increasingly considered to be a consequence of the problems with which ministers have to cope. However, few studies focused on the positive antipode of a minister’s work.Research purpose: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of job-demands and job-resources on ministers’ burnout and engagement. Congregational commitment and health were included as possible consequences of burnout and engagement.Motivation for the study: Ministers’ well-being has become an important topic for both researchers and practitioners.Research design, approach and method: A survey design with a non-probability, purposive voluntary sample of 115 ministers was used. The Job-Demands–Resources Questionnaire, Maslach Burnout Inventory, Work Engagement Scale, General Health Questionnaire, and Congregational Commitment Scale were administered.Main findings: Regression analysis indicated that the pace, amount of work and emotional demands were indicators of burnout while growth opportunities, social support and job significance were indicators of engagement. Furthermore, it was found that exhaustion predicted somatic symptoms and depression, while mental distance predicted depression. Engagement predicted social functioning and affective commitment.Practical implications: Interventions should be implemented to help ministers deal more effectively with any burnout symptoms experienced in order to prevent ministers who are already showing signs of burnout from getting sick to increase their engagement and to rehabilitate individuals who are ill as a result of the work place.Contribution: The study contributes to knowledge regarding the effects of job-demands and resources on the well-being of ministers.

  10. Getting Personal with Teacher Burnout: A Longitudinal Study on the Development of Burnout Using a Person-Based Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hultell, Daniel; Melin, Bo; Gustavsson, J. Petter

    2013-01-01

    Studies have suggested that teachers' burnout levels are stable over time. This might be because longitudinal studies on burnout have mainly used a variable-based approach. The purpose of this study was to determine if a person-based approach could provide a more multifaceted perspective to the development of teacher burnout. 816 beginning…

  11. Burnout syndrome in public service dentists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Bonafé

    Full Text Available Objective: to assesses the prevalence of the Burnout Syndrome in surgeon-dentists, from the public health service, and its association with variables of interest. Method: The study included a total of 60 professionals from the public health service in the city of Araraquara – SP, Brazil. A socio-demographic and labour questionnaire and the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI were used. Descriptive statistics and an association study, using the chi-square test, were applied. Results: A total of 60.0% of the participants were women and the mean age was of 41.9±7.6 years. Most professionals had a regular perception of their working conditions, facilities, materials and equipment. 20.0% of the individuals felt emotionally drained by work, 35.6% worn out at the end of a workday, 27.1% when waking up to face another day at work, and 17.2% often feel consumed by work. The prevalence of Burnout was of 16.7%. There was a significant association between high Burnout levels and the time working in public service (p=0.017, being the professionals with less than 10 years of experience the most affected ones. Conclusion: The onset of Burnout Syndrome in civil servants highlights the need for developing coping strategies especially aimed at professionals with less seniority.

  12. Entrepreneurial stressors as predictors of entrepreneurial burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Xueyan; Cang, Shuangxin; Hisrich, Robert D

    2015-02-01

    Research on the effects of entrepreneurial stressors is limited, especially regarding its relation to the burnout that frequently occurs in the process of starting and growing a venture. The effect of the role of entrepreneurial stressors (workload, competitive comparison, demands-of-knowledge, managing responsibility, and resource requirements) on burnout (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment) was examined in a Chinese sample of entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurial stressors emerged as a significant predictor of burnout in the process of entrepreneurship in a sample of 289 entrepreneurs (63.8% men; M age = 26.2 yr.; 39.6% of their parents have been self-employed). The findings clarify the functional relationship between entrepreneurial stressors and burnout. Entrepreneurial stressors played multiple roles. Managing responsibility was an active contributor to the sense of achievement and to emotional exhaustion. Workload was an active contributor to emotional exhaustion. Demands-of-knowledge negatively affected three of the dimensions of burnout. Theoretical and practical implications for management of the effect of these relationships are discussed. PMID:25621666

  13. The burnout syndrome on health care professionals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Polikandrioti

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Burnout syndrome is referred to the experience of exhaustion and diminished interest, that is manifested by the professionals usually in the work context. Health care proffesionals are often at high risk of burnout syndrome and job dissatisfaction. Burn-out syndrome consists a serious multidimensional phenomenon, because it can lead the professionals of health to psychosomatic problems, work-associated withdrawal behaviour and a lower quality of care. The aim of this review was to study the burn out syndrome of health care professionals. The method of this study included bibliography research from both the review and the research international literature, as well as to Greece and was referred to the "burn out syndrome". Results: Most studies focus on the role of work environment of health care professionals, as the main factor for the development of burn out syndrome, in combination with other factors such as personality, critically ill patients, and organizational structure and staff relationships. Furthermore, the results of this study showed the need for referral to an expert, who deals with emotional problems triggered by the daily contacts with patients and the staff nurse, in order to control the professional stress. Conclusively: Early recognition of burnout phenomenon contributes to better professional behaviour and better health care quality for patients. Health care professionals need knowledge and education about how to beat burnout syndrome.

  14. Leadership styles, emotion regulation, and burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, Kara A; Connelly, Catherine E; Walsh, Megan M; Ginis, Kathleen A Martin

    2015-10-01

    This study investigated the potential impact of leadership style on leaders' emotional regulation strategies and burnout. Drawing on the full-range model of leadership and Conservation of Resources (COR) theory, we tested whether transformational, contingent reward, management by exception-active and -passive, or laissez-faire leadership exert direct effects on leaders' reported use of surface acting, deep acting, and genuine emotion. In turn, we hypothesized and tested the indirect effect of leadership on burnout through surface acting. Three waves of data from 205 leaders were analyzed using OLS regression. Transformational leadership predicted deep acting and genuine emotion. Contingent reward predicted both surface and deep acting. Management by exception-active and -passive predicted surface acting, and laissez faire predicted genuine emotion. The indirect effects of management by exception-active and -passive on burnout through surface acting were not significant. Indirect effects of transformational leadership and laissez-faire on burnout through genuine emotion, however, were significant. This study provides empirical evidence for the hypothesized relationships between leadership style, emotion regulation, and burnout, and provides the basis for future research and theory building on this topic. PMID:25844908

  15. Burnout em residentes de enfermagem Burnout en residentes de enfermería Burnout in nursing residents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gianfábio Pimentel Franco

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Enfermeiros Residentes podem experimentar desgaste físico e emocional decorrentes do cotidiano da Residência de Enfermagem. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a incidência do Burnout em Residentes de Enfermagem. Realizou-se um estudo exploratório, descritivo, analítico e longitudinal-prospectivo com 16 Residentes, no período de dois anos. Utilizou-se o Maslach Burnout Inventory traduzido e validado para o Brasil e um instrumento de dados sociodemográficos/ocupacionais. Dos Residentes, 17.2% mostraram valores elevados em Exaustão Emocional e Despersonalização; 18.8% comprometimento em Incompetência/falta de Realização Profissional, dos quais 75% pertenciam às especialidades de Pronto Socorro, Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Adulto e Pediátrica. Idade e especialidade correlacionaram-se positivamente com a Incompetência/falta de Realização Profissional. Identificou-se um Residente de Enfermagem com alteração nas três subescalas do Maslach Burnout Inventory, sendo caracterizado como portador da Síndrome de Burnout. Os Residentes de enfermagem possuem perfis de adoecimento. Conhecer esses fatores pode minimizar os agravos à saúde desse trabalhador.Los Enfermeros Residentes pueden experimentar desgaste físico y emocional derivado del trabajo cotidiano de la Residencia de Enfermería. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la incidencia del Burnout en residentes de enfermería. Se realizó un estudio exploratorio, descriptivo, analítico y longitudinal-prospectivo con 16 Residentes, en el período de dos años. Se utilizó el Maslach Burnout Inventory traducido y validado para Brasil y un instrumento de datos socio-demográficos/ocupacionales. 17,2% de los Residentes mostraron valores elevados en Agotamiento Emocional y Despersonalización, respectivamente; 18,8% compromiso en Incompetencia/falta de Realización Profesional, entre estos, 75% pertenecían a las especialidades de Emergencias, Unidad de Terapia Intensiva de

  16. AN EXAMPLE FOR BURNOUT: SPECIAL EDUCATION EDUCATOR?S BURNOUT LEVEL AND SOME VARIABLES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunseli GIRGIN

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Teaching profession is a strategic occupation in that it conributes to educating the adults of the future. However,depending on some stress sources related with the occupation teachers have a special risk for menthal health.Depending on literature, negative life events,loss of energy and formation of some physical discomfort is defined as?burnout sendrom?. With the belief that this group of teachers were closer to the risk of burnout because of the responsibilities they carry in relation with the needs of the special education children the aim of the study was to investigate the burnout syndrome of special education teachers in relation with their sex, age, socio-economic status, perceived support from collegues, beliefs on status of their occupation, and appreciation from their administors. The sample of this study consists of 48 special education teachers teaching at different special education institutes at Izmir. Maslach Burnout Inventory-Teacher Form and Personal Information Survey were used for gathering the data. The analysis of the data demonstrated that sex is positively related with special education teachers emotional burnout and insensitiveness level. Men have higher scores in these subdimensions. Participants from middle socio-economic status are seen to have the lowest scores in all dimensions. Participants that perceive support from collegues are seen to have significantly lower scores on emotional burnout and insensitiveness dimensions. Special education teachers who think that the status of their occupation is low in society are seen to have higher scores in emotional burnout. Beliefs about appreciation from their administors are seen to be related with burnout level of special education teachers. Participants that believed that they were not appreciated by their administrators have significantly higher scores on emotional burnout and insensitiveness subdimensions. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2005; 4(4.000: 172-187

  17. Burnout em residentes de enfermagem Burnout en residentes de enfermería Burnout in nursing residents

    OpenAIRE

    Gianfábio Pimentel Franco; Alba Lúcia Bottura Leite de Barros; Luiz Antônio Nogueira-Martins; Sandra Salloum Zeitoun

    2011-01-01

    Enfermeiros Residentes podem experimentar desgaste físico e emocional decorrentes do cotidiano da Residência de Enfermagem. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a incidência do Burnout em Residentes de Enfermagem. Realizou-se um estudo exploratório, descritivo, analítico e longitudinal-prospectivo com 16 Residentes, no período de dois anos. Utilizou-se o Maslach Burnout Inventory traduzido e validado para o Brasil e um instrumento de dados sociodemográficos/ocupacionais. Dos Residentes, 17....

  18. The Effects of Burnout on Organizational Commitment in Logistics Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dursun Yener

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Burnout is a psychological syndrome that reduces people’s motivation, job satisfaction and organizational commitment. People whose jobs are related with human interaction are usually exposed to burnout. In the literature, three dimensions of burnout were defined as emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment. In this study antecedents (cynicism, role ambiguity, role conflict and organizational justice and consequences (job satisfaction, organizational commitment of burnout were determined in logistics sector which has never been analyzed before in Turkey. Sample size of the study was 420 and judgment sampling method was used. As a result, it was found that antecedents of burnout except organizational justice are positively correlated with burnout factors, and burnout is negatively correlated with its consequences

  19. Continuing medical education and burnout among Danish GPs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brøndt, Anders; Sokolowski, Ineta; Olesen, Frede;

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There has been minimal research into continuing medical education (CME) and its association with burnout among GPs. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between participating in CME and experiencing burnout in a sample of Danish GPs. DESIGN OF STUDY: Cross......-sectional questionnaire study. SETTING: All 458 active GPs in 2004, in the County of Aarhus, Denmark were invited to participate. METHOD: Data on CME activities were obtained for all GPs and linked to burnout which was measured using the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey. The relationship between CME...... activity and burnout was calculated as prevalence ratios (PR) in a generalised linear model. RESULTS: In total, 379 (83.5%) GPs returned the questionnaire. The prevalence of burnout was about 25%, and almost 3% suffered from 'high burnout'. A total of 344 (92.0%) GPs were members of a CME group or a...

  20. Rod bundle burnout data and correlation comparisons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rod bundle burnout data from 30 steady-state and 3 transient tests were obtained from experiments performed in the Thermal Hydraulic Test Facility at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The tests covered a parameter range relevant to intact core reactor accidents ranging from large break to small break loss-ofcoolant conditions. Instrumentation within the 64-rod test section indicated that burnout occurred over an axial range within the bundle. The distance from the point where the first dry rod was detected to the point where all rods were dry was up to 60 cm in some of the tests. The burnout data should prove useful in developing new correlations for use in reactor thermalhydraulic codes. Evaluation of several existing critical heat flux correlations using the data show that three correlations, the Barnett, Bowring, and Katto correlations, perform similarly and correlate the data better than the Biasi correlation

  1. Stress and Burnout Among Finnish Dairy Farmers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kallioniemi, Marja K; Simola, Ahti; Kaseva, Janne; Kymäläinen, Hanna-Riitta

    2016-01-01

    Psychosocial risks among farmers have increasingly been examined because of the ongoing changes in agriculture, such as restructuring of the industry, transition from family farming towards entrepreneurship, and climate change. The aims of the study were to determine the stressors, prevalence of stress and burnout, and variables associated with these symptoms among Finnish dairy farmers. In total 265 respondents completed a postal survey; their average age was 48 years, 44% were females and 56% males. The farms of the survey sample were larger (54 field hectares, 29 cows) than an average farm in Finland (37 hectares, 24 cows) in 2010. The most common stressors were external, such as "agricultural policy of the EU" (European Union) and "the treatment of farmers in society and the media." In addition, common stressors were related to farm and work, e.g., "amount of work," unpredictability, and "animal diseases." The prevalence of stress (42%) was found to have increased compared with earlier studies and was greater than among the general working population. All respondents as a group were classified as having slight symptoms of burnout, and one tenth (9%) of dairy farmers had experienced severe burnout. Stressors related to the workload and health were associated with stress and burnout symptoms. Also, a poor economic situation and loneliness were related to stress. Burnout correlated with a tie stall barn type and with a farm not being involved in the milk production record system. Factors protecting against burnout included positive features of the work and living environment. The study revealed changes during the past decade and new features of the well-being at work on dairy farms in Finland. PMID:27081893

  2. Past performance and future perspectives of burnout research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. B. Schaufeli

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available After a brief introduction on the history of burnout, this article reviews the past performance of burnout research by answering ten key-questions: (1 How can burnout be assessed?; (2 Is burnout limited to the human services?; (3 Is burnout a mental disorder; (4 What is the prevalence of burnout?; (5 Is burnout a global phenomenon?; (6 Is burnout relevant for organisations; (7 What are the causes of burnout?; (8 What are the consequences of burnout?; (9 How can burnout be explained?; (10 Are burnout interventions effective? In the concluding section a future research agenda is drafted on the bases of the answers given to the previous questions. This agenda includes such issues as the measurement and conceptualisation of burnout, mild and severe forms of burnout, epidemiological and cross-cultural perspectives, organisational outcomes, longitudinal investigations, theoretical explanations, and interventions. Opsomming Na ’n kort inleiding oor die geskiedenis van uitbranding gee hierdie artikel ’n oorsig van vorige prestasie van navorsing ten opsigte van uitbranding deur tien sleutelvrae te beantwoord: (1 Hoe kan uitbranding bepaal word?; (2 Is uitbranding beperk tot die mens-dienste?; (3 Is uitbranding ’n geestesafwyking?; (4 Wat is die voorkoms van uitbranding?; (5 Is uitbranding ’n wêreldwye verskynsel?; (6 Is uitbranding relevant vir organisasies?; (7 Wat is die oorsake van uitbranding?; (8 Wat is die gevolge van uitbranding?; (9 Hoe kan uitbranding verklaar word?; (10 Is uitbrandingsingrepe effektief? In die gevolgtrekking word ’n toekomstige navorsingsagenda op grond van die antwoorde op die voorafgaande vrae opgestel. Hierdie agenda sluit aangeleenthede soos die meting en konseptualisering van uitbranding, matige en ernstige vorme van uitbranding, epidemiologiese en kruiskulturele perspektiewe, organisasie- uitkomste, longitudinale ondersoeke, teoretiese verklarings en intervensies in.

  3. Recognizing and Preventing Burnout among Orthopaedic Leaders

    OpenAIRE

    Saleh, Khaled J.; James Campbell QUICK; Sime, Wesley E.; Novicoff, Wendy M.; Einhorn, Thomas A.

    2008-01-01

    Stress, emotional exhaustion, and burnout are widespread in the medical profession in general and in orthopaedic surgery in particular. We attempted to identify variables associated with burnout as assessed by validated instruments. Surveys were sent to 282 leaders from orthopaedic surgery academic departments in the United States by e-mail and mail. Responses were received from 195 leaders for a response rate of 69%. The average surgeon worked 68.3 hours per week and more than ½ of this time...

  4. Burnout em contexto perioperatório

    OpenAIRE

    Galvão, Ana Maria; Gonçalves, Ana Rita Veloso; Certo, Ana

    2014-01-01

    As empresas num contexto mundial estão a passar por momentos de grande desenvolvimento de informações e tecnologias. Nestes ambientes o Burnout está bastante presente, sendo este considerado uma síndrome de cansaço físico e emocional que conduz a uma falta de motivação para o trabalho, conduzindo a um progressivo sentimento de inadequação e fracasso. Analisar qual o nível de stress, o nível de Burnout experienciado e as estratégias de coping que utilizam Enfermeiros Perioperatórios. ...

  5. Burnout in Counseling Practice: Some Potential Professional and Personal Hazards of Becoming a Counselor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watkins, C. Edward, Jr.

    1983-01-01

    Defines the syndrome of burnout and discusses some of the professional and personal hazards that confront the practicing counselor. Examines intrapersonal and interpersonal difficulties which result from burnout. Provides suggestions for dealing with burnout. (Author/RC)

  6. Exploring the origins of burnout among secondary educators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian L. van Tonder

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Maslach and Leiter (1997 have suggested that burnout constitutes an erosion of the soul. Burnout is a non-discriminatory phenomenon with a pronounced negative impact on the individual employee and the organisation and is particularly prevalent among educators.Research purpose: This study aimed to explore the probable reasons for burnout among secondary educators. Study motivation: Several South African studies have focused on the phenomenon of burnout among educators but the probable reasons for burnout in this population have not yet received adequate attention. This study extended earlier international research that probed this facet.Research design, approach and method: A mixed-methods design with a predominantly qualitative methodology was employed to explore the probable reasons for burnout among 59 educators from three urban secondary schools in Gauteng, South Africa. Data comprised Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey protocols and rich data work descriptions. Semi-structured interviews were also conducted with the f ve participants who tested highest on the burnout indicators.Main findings: The results indicated that a negative learner profile and workload were the most frequently cited reasons for potential burnout.Practical/managerial implications: Burnout requires considered attention and aggressive context-specific intervention to contain its negative impact on both the educator and the student learning experience.

  7. Effect of throttling on burnout heat flux and hydrodynamic instability in natural circulation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Twenty-four experiments were carried out to study the effect of restriction of the flow before inlet of the test section on burnout heat flux and instability of the flow boiling. These experiments were carried out on a 10, 12, 14, 16 mm out diameter stainless steel heated elements, 50 and 75 cms long centered inside a 26 mm inner diameter stainless steel channel forming an annulus through which water followed upwards to give diameter ratios 2.6, 2.17, 1.86 and 1.63 respectively. The parameters are chosen to cover the lack of the literatures for burnout conditions at low pressures, 1.5, 3, 6, 10 atma). These are of great benefit to the designers of high heat flux devices such as boilers and nuclear reactors ...etc. A detail description of the experimental loop is given. Test section, steam separator, condenser, precooler, preheater, throttle valve, flow measurements and safety devices are designed and constructed for an operating pressure up to 10 atma and temperature up to 2200C. The results show that 1. The burnout heat flux first increases and then decreases as the restriction of the flow increases; 2. The hydrodynamic instability increases as the restriction of the flow before the test section increases. (author)

  8. Internal predictors of burnout in psychiatric nurses: An Indian study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudraprosad Chakraborty

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Research has not adequately focused on the issue of burnout in Psychiatric nurses, despite the fact that they suffer considerable stress in their work. Till date no study has been conducted on burnout among psychiatric nurses in India. Further, there is a particular lack of research in internal variables predicting burnout in them. Aims: To determine whether there are any internal psychological factors relevant to burnout in psychiatric nurses in India. Materials and Methods: We recruited 101 psychiatric nurses scoring less than two in General Health Questionnaire, version 12 (GHQ-12 from two psychiatric hospitals after obtaining informed consent. All subjects filled up a sociodemographic data sheet along with global adjustment scale, emotional maturity scale, PGI general well-being scale, locus of control scale, and Copenhagen burnout inventory (CBI. Correlations between burnout and sociodemographic/clinical variables were done by Pearson′s r or Spearman′s rho. Signi ficant variables were entered in a stepwise multiple linear regression analysis with total burnout score as dependent variable. Results: Age, duration of total period of nursing, prior military training, locus of control, sense of general well-being, adjustment capabilities, and emotional maturity had significant relation with burnout. Of them, emotional maturity was the most significant protective factors against burnout along with adjustment capabilities, sense of physical well-being, and military training in decreasing significance. Together they explained 41% variation in total burnout score which is significant at <0.001 level. An internal locus of control was inversely correlated with burnout, but failed to predict it in regression analysis. Conclusion: Emotional maturity, adjustability, sense of general physical well-being as well as prior military training significantly predicted lower burnout. Of them, emotional maturity was the most important predictor

  9. Burnout in journalists: A systematic literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasmine B. MacDonald

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The present study aims to provide a concise, comprehensive, and systematic review of the quantitative literature relating to the experience of burnout in journalists of various specialties and mediums. The systematic review method adopted is that prescribed by Fink (2010, which contains three main elements: Sampling the literature, screening the literature, and extracting data. Results indicate that journalists most at risk of burnout are females who are younger, with fewer years of journalism experience, working in small circulation newspapers. Editors and reporters seem to experience higher levels of burnout than those in other roles, as do journalists in non-management positions. The thorough and structured process adopted in this review provides the ability to assert with some degree of certainty what areas within the burnout and journalism literature require further consideration. This review emphasises and problematises the large focus on male reporters in newspaper settings, settings that are becoming less significant over time. Studies have tended to focus on reporters, without providing a convincing a priori rationale. What is lacking is consideration of other role groups central to broadcast news, such as camera-operators. A range of methodological and theoretical issues and future areas of research are discussed.

  10. Dental Student Stress, Burnout, and Memory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Elaine L.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    A study examined the relationships between self-reported academic burnout, perceived dental educational stress, and memory performance among 46 first-year dental students. In addition, the observed relationship between negative adjectives used for self-description and memory focused attention on the possible role of mood state in memory…

  11. Burnout and Work Engagement among Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hakanen, Jari J.; Bakker, Arnold B.; Schaufeli, Wilmar B.

    2006-01-01

    The Job Demands-Resources Model was used as the basis of the proposal that there are two parallel processes involved in work-related well-being among teachers, namely an energetical process (i.e., job demands --> burnout --> ill health) and a motivational process (i.e., job resources --> engagement --> organizational commitment). In…

  12. Teacher Dignity: An Antidote to Burnout?

    Science.gov (United States)

    McPherson, R. Bruce

    1983-01-01

    Intends to turn attention away from the contemporary focus on teacher failure/burnout and back toward the traditional source of teacher success: teacher dignity. Contends that teachers can still build a context of dignity for their work. Defines teacher dignity as the capacity to induce student learning; confidence; and authenticity. (Author/MH)

  13. Burnout detector design for heat transfer experiments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the design of an burnout detector for heat transfer experiments, applied during tests for optimization of fuel elements for PWR reactors. The burnout detector avoids the fuel rods destruction during the experiments at the Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear. The detector evaluates the temperature changes over the fuel rods in the temperature changes over the fuel rods in the area where the burnout phenomenon could be anticipated. As soon as the phenomenon appears, the system power supply is turned off. The thermal Circuit No. 1, during the experiments, had been composed by nine fuel rods feed parallelly by the same power supply. Fine copper wires had been attached at the centre and at the ends of the fuel rod to take two Wheat stone bridge arms. The detector had been applied across the bridge diagonals, which must be balanced the burnout excursion can be detected as a small but fast increase of the signal over the detector. Large scale experiments had been carried out to compare the resistance bridge performance against a thermocouple attached through the fuel rod wall. These experiments had been showed us the advantages of the first method over the last, because the bridge evaluates the whole fuel rod, while the thermocouple evaluates only the area where it had been attached. (author)

  14. BURNOUT EXPERIENCE AMONG TEACHERS: A CASE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agata Letizia Caruso

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Burnout is a psychological syndrome, stemming as a response to chronic interpersonal jobs stressors, characterized by three principal dimensions: Exhaustion (the state of depletion of the individual’s emotional and physical resources due to the difficulties in facing customers’ demands;  Depersonalization (the negative, off-putting and extremely distant  reaction to diverse facets of the job; reduced Personal Accomplishment (referring to  reduced self-esteem concerning competence, achievement and productivity at work. (Maslach and Jackson, 1981. The stream of reforms that has recently changed the Italian School, by favoring educational deregulation and increasing levels of autonomy for school boards, has increased Burnout levels among school teachers, who may feel thorn between their internal expectations (personal beliefs, motivations and professional style and the external pressures emerging not only from students, but also from a more and more demanding school organization, oriented towards efficiency. Various contributions have posited that in the Burnout prevention a pivotal role is played by the Interpersonal Trust at work both among teachers and between teachers and the School Manager (Ceyanes and Slater, 2005; Timms et al., 2006; Van Maele and Van Houtte, 2014, and by a good School Climate perception (Aron and Milicic, 2000; Dorman, 2003; Grayson and Alvarez, 2008. The present contribution aims at analyzing the relation between each of the three aspects of Burnout and, respectively, the diverse facets of Interpersonal Trust and the components of School Climate. Data have been collected by means of a survey encompassing three well-known instruments, namely the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI; Maslach and Jackson, 1981, the Interpersonal Trust at Work (ITW; Cook and Wall, 1980  and the Revised School Level Environment Questionnaire (SLEQ-Revised; Johnson et al., 2007. 120 teachers have been interviewed in six schools of Southern

  15. On a peculiarity of the second-type burnout

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The burnout of the second type caused by evaporation of the liquid film near the wall during disperse-ring flow is investigated. Various methods of determining the moment and place of burnout begin are analyzed. It is shown that the burnout of the second type arises over a certain steam generating channel length. It begins with heat transfer decrease connected with transient region arising (the region of wall local dryout by perimeter) and finishes with burnout itself involving the local burnout spread over the whole perimeter. The transient region has the greatest size in coil pipes and horizontal channels. It is concluded that the proposed approach to the burnout investigation permits to combine the hypotheses of film break (or its instability) and the hypothesis of drop diffusion. The first one should be related to the transient region formation begin, the second one to its formation end

  16. Burnout syndrome among music teachers and triggering factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sena G. OTACIOĞLU

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The issue of burnout which retains its importance at present as a subject studied in different cultures and domains has been identified as the exhaustion of energy, power, or sources because of intensive demand, propulsive stress period and the loss of idealism (Surgevil, 2005. The aim of this research based on this subject is to determine the burnout syndrome level and related socio-demographic characteristics of music teachers. 40 music teachers are involved in the research and their levels of burnout are measured using Maslach Burnout Inventory. As a result, while the burnout scores of the music teachers were found to differ significantly in terms of gender, age, institution of employment, letters of appreciation, seniority, and their perception of their economic situation, whether burnout subscale scores change according to the institution of employment variable was put forth for consideration.

  17. Pengaruh Bullying di Tempat Kerja Terhadap Burnout Pada Karyawan

    OpenAIRE

    Wahyuni, Citra

    2015-01-01

    Changes in an organization will increase the job demand and competition among employees in workplace. Unhealthy work competition among coworkers is a psychological work environment that can affect burnout to occur. Burnout can happens because of pressure. Long term and intense pressure experienced by the employee may occur burnout. One of the phenomena that can bring pressure is workplace bullying. This research aimed to determine the influence of workplace bullying toward b...

  18. Leisure activities effects on stress coping and burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Mónica Teresa González Ramírez; Minerva Vanegas-Farfano

    2013-01-01

    In this article differences and similarities within perceived stress index and burnout factors are established between persons who practice a range of different leisure activities. A sample of 70 mexican participants from Monterrey’s metropolitan area were survey using the short questionnaire of burnout (Moreno, et al., 1997) and the perceived stress scale (Cohen, et al.’s mexican verion of González & Landero, 2007). The analysis support differences on the perceived stress and burnout fac...

  19. Burnout amongst urban secondary school teachers in Namibia

    OpenAIRE

    Dap Louw; Evy George; Karel Esterhuyse

    2011-01-01

    Orientation: Burnout seems to be particularly common amongst professionals who help and enable people to cope with the demands of their daily lives.Motivation for the study: The study focused on the magnitude and nature of burnout amongst Namibian teachers as well as the influence of biographical factors on their levels of burnout. Another aim was to determine the extent to which the results of this study correlate with research findings in other countries.Research design, approach and method...

  20. The level of burnout of housekeeping personnel in accomodation facilities

    OpenAIRE

    Sibel Erkal; Hande Şahin

    2012-01-01

    This study aimed to determine the level of burnout of the housekeeping personnel (cleaner, manager, crew chief) working in accommodation facilities and discovering if there was a relationship between their level of burnout and their personal features. In the study a cluster sampling method was used. 12 accommodation facilities in Antalya were handled as cluster and a total of 146 personnel working in these facilities comprised the sample group. A “Burnout Inventory” was used in the study. The...

  1. The level of burnout of housekeeping personnel in accommodation facilities

    OpenAIRE

    Sibel Erkal; Hande Şahin

    2012-01-01

    This study aimed to determine the level of burnout of the housekeeping personnel (cleaner, manager, crew chief) working in accommodation facilities and discovering if there was a relationship between their level of burnout and their personal features. In the study a cluster sampling method was used. 12 accommodation facilities in Antalya were handled as cluster and a total of 146 personnel working in these facilities comprised the sample group. A “Burnout Inventory” was used in the study. Th...

  2. Underlying construct of empathy, optimism, and burnout in medical students

    OpenAIRE

    Hojat, Mohammadreza; Vergare, Michael; Isenberg, Gerald; Cohen, Mitchell; Spandorfer, John

    2015-01-01

    Objectives This study was designed to explore the underlying construct of measures of empathy, optimism, and burnout in medical students. Methods Three instruments for measuring empathy (Jefferson Scale of Empathy, JSE); Optimism (the Life Orientation Test-Revised, LOT-R); and burnout (the Maslach Burnout Inventory, MBI, which includes three scales of Emotional Exhaustion, Depersonalization, and Personal Accomplishment) were administered to 265 third-year students at Sidney Kimmel (formerly J...

  3. Associations among altruism, burnout dimensions, and organizational citizenship behaviour

    OpenAIRE

    Emmerik, IJ. Hetty van; Jawahar, I.M.; Stone, Thomas H.

    2005-01-01

    Most studies of burnout have focused on lack of resources, prevalence of burnout, and negative outcomes. In contrast, this study examined the relationships among altruism, burnout and a positive outcome, namely, the engagement in organizational citizenship behaviour. Web questionnaires were distributed to employees in three professional organizations. The results from the 178 respondents indicated that altruism is related to organizational citizenship behaviour. Of the three dimensions of bur...

  4. Continuous organisational change: exploring burnout at the organizational level

    OpenAIRE

    Rumbles, Sally; Rees, Gary

    2011-01-01

    The last four years has seen many organizations struggle to survive in increasingly, turbulent, surprising and continuously evolving business environments. Continuous waves of change interventions ultimately impact upon organizations and their survival. This paper considers the extent to which continuous changes lead to organizational burnout. Whilst traditional academic approaches to burnout have concentrated typically upon the individual level and sometimes on job burnout, research into org...

  5. Preventing burnout among general practitioners: is there a possible route?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Helena G.; Tulinius, C.

    2009-01-01

    Stress and burnout among general practitioners (GPs) is a serious problem. Some authors suggest supervision groups or Balint groups as a means of preventing burnout and others address how to treat the condition. This paper reports a case study of a supervision group for Danish GPs which, as well as...... training reflective practice, focuses specifically on the prevention of burnout. The concept of compassion fatigue is extended to cover the circumstances reported by some practitioners in supervision Udgivelsesdato: 2009/9...

  6. Burnout Syndrom and Prevention of Nurses in Hospital.

    OpenAIRE

    ELLINGEROVÁ, Klára

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to examine the experience of nurses with burnout syndrome and its prevention. In order to this, I have been examining a number of nurses who have experienced burnout syndrome, the level of intensity they experienced and the nurses' opinion on the prevention of this psychical state. The theoretical part will focus on the nurses' job description and psychological stresses related to their duties. Furthermore I will focus on burnout syndrome - its risk factors, caus...

  7. Subgroup analysis in burnout: relations between fatigue, anxiety and depression

    OpenAIRE

    Arno eVan Dam

    2016-01-01

    Several authors have suggested that burned out patients do not form a homogeneous group and that subgroups should be considered. The identification of these subgroups may contribute to a better understanding of the burnout construct and lead to more specific therapeutic interventions. Subgroup analysis may also help clarify whether burnout is a distinct entity and whether subgroups of burnout overlap with other disorders such as depression and chronic fatigue syndrome. In a group of 113 clini...

  8. Subgroup Analysis in Burnout: Relations Between Fatigue, Anxiety, and Depression

    OpenAIRE

    van Dam, Arno

    2016-01-01

    Several authors have suggested that burned out patients do not form a homogeneous group and that subgroups should be considered. The identification of these subgroups may contribute to a better understanding of the burnout construct and lead to more specific therapeutic interventions. Subgroup analysis may also help clarify whether burnout is a distinct entity and whether subgroups of burnout overlap with other disorders such as depression and chronic fatigue syndrome. In a group of 113 clini...

  9. Burnout in UK Prison Officers: The Role of Personality

    OpenAIRE

    Lovell, Brian; Brown, Rebecca

    2016-01-01

    The study assessed the role of personality on burnout in prison officers. N=120 prison officers working in the United Kingdom (UK) completed questionnaires assessing: (a) three dimensions of burnout: depersonalisation, personal accomplishment and emotional exhaustion, and (b) personality variables: the ‘big five’ and locus of control. Neuroticism predicted emotional exhaustion and personal accomplishment, and locus of control predicted all burnout dimensions. Prison officers higher in neuroti...

  10. Experimental study on natural convection boiling burnout in an annulus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An experimental study was performed on burnout heat flux at low flow rates for low pressure steam-water upward flow in an annulus. The data indicated that a premature burnout occurred due to flow regime transition from churn-turbulent to annular flow. It is shown that burnout heat flux observed can be well reproduced by a non-dimensional correlation derived from the previously obtained criterion for flow regime transition. (author)

  11. Exploring antecedents and consequences of burnout in a call centre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Willie A. Visser

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between six characteristics of call centre work environments, burnout, affective commitment and turnover intentions. These characteristics were competing management goals, work overload, electronic performance monitoring, lack of career opportunities, lack of skill variety and emotional labour. A convenient sample of employees (N = 146 was obtained from a call centre. Multiple regression analysis showed that work overload, lack of career opportunities, skill variety and emotional labour were the most important predictors of burnout. Burnout had a direct effect on turnover intentions. Affective commitment partially mediated the relationship between burnout and turnover intention.

  12. Factors associated with burnout among residents in a developing country

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zubairi, Akbar Jaleel; Noordin, Shahryar

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Recent literature has focused on burnout as a specific job related distress syndrome among physicians and residents having adverse effects on patient care. Local data on burnout is lacking. Materials & methods An online self-administered questionnaire was sent via email to all residents (325) at our institute with and a response rate of 110 (34%) was achieved. Out of these 82 residents consented and completely filled the questionnaires and were included in the analysis. The questionnaire comprised of demographic variables, the Maslach burnout inventory and occupational risk factors. Results High levels of burnout on at least one subscale were reported by 61(74.4%) residents, in 2 components by 34(41.5%) whereas an alarming 10(12.2%) residents scored high on all three subscales. Among the individual subscales emotional exhaustion was most frequent in 49(59.8%). Among the departments Radiology reported the highest levels (100%) of burnout and low levels were reported by Pediatrics (45%). There was no difference between burnout levels among junior and senior residents. Dissatisfaction with workload, length of work hours, relationship with co-workers and lack of autonomy were significantly associated with high level of burnout. Conclusion High levels of burnout are prevalent among trainee doctors in our part of the world which are comparable with international literature. Efforts to improve the work environment of residents may significantly reduce levels of burnout. PMID:26955475

  13. The problem of professional burnout in stress management

    OpenAIRE

    Makasheva Natalia; Makasheva Julia; Gromova Anna; Ishtunov Sergey; Burykhin Boris

    2016-01-01

    The problem of professional burnout is extremely relevant in current stress management. By its nature, professional burnout is a unique type of stress syndrome that is characterized by emotional exhaustion. It leads to loss of energy and interest in one’s job. A burnout could be the result of such syndromes as – burnout and boreout. It could emerge as the reaction of the organism to the high working intensity and stress working conditions or due to the boredom and absence of the sphere for pr...

  14. Features of the triggering mehanism for single event burnout of power MOSFES

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The feedback mechanism leading to second breakdown and burnout in a power MOSFET is reviewed briefly, and critical device design parameters are identified and chosen with regard to electrical specifications. Based on typical parameters, the avalanching conditions in the space charge region of the collector junction are investigated over a wide range of collector current densities. It is shown that the space charge associated with the collector current density modifies the electric field profile such that, with increasing collector current, the avalanche multiplication factor rises to a peak, then declines to a valley, and eventually rises monotonically. This behavior can be explained in simple terms. It may lead to a stable avalanching condition with a current density too low to damage the structure. This condition can be initiated by heavy ions with energies below a certain threshold. Ion energies beyond the threshold drive the avalanching process into the region of monotonic increase of the avalanche multiplication factor and lead to run-away and burnout. The threshold for runaway varies widely with changing configurations of the p+-plug and of the p-body region and promises configurations that are immune to burnout. Assessments of threshold currents in a typical hex cell are given

  15. Síndrome de Burnout em graduandos de Odontologia Burnout syndrome among dental students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available A Síndrome de Burnout caracteriza-se por esgotamento profissional e tem sido relatada em estudantes universitários. O objetivo desse estudo foi estimar a prevalência da Síndrome de Burnout em estudantes de Odontologia de uma universidade pública e sua relação com características sociodemográficas. Todos os estudantes (n = 300 foram convidados a participar. Utilizou-se o Inventário de Burnout de Maslach - versão estudantes (MBI-SS. Realizou-se análise das propriedades psicométricas do MBI-SS. Para comparação entre os escores médios das dimensões do Burnout realizou-se Análise de Variância Multivariada (MANOVA seguida de Análise de Variância (ANOVA e testes post-hoc de Tukey. Dos 235 participantes, 72,8% eram mulheres e a média de idade era de 21,0 ± 1,8 anos. O MBI-SS mostrou-se confiável e válido. Dos estudantes, 17,0% apresentaram a Síndrome de Burnout. Verificou-se relação significativa entre a Síndrome de Burnout e o desempenho do estudante no curso (F = 4,433, p The burnout syndrome is characterized by professional exhaustion and has been reported in college students. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of Burnout Syndrome among dentistry students from a public university, and its relationship to socio-demographic characteristics. All students (n = 300 were invited to participate. We used the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Student Version (MBI-SS. We carried out an analysis of the MBI-SS' psychometric properties. Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA was performed, followed by Analysis of Variance (ANOVA and Tukey's post-hoc tests to compare the mean scores of burnout dimensions. Of the 235 participants, 72.8% were women and the mean age was 21.0 ± 1.8 years. The MBI-SS was reliable and valid. Of the students, 17.0% had Burnout Syndrome. There was a significant relation between Burnout Syndrome and a student's performance during the course (F = 4.433, p < 0.001, medication intake because of

  16. Professional practice environment and burnout among nurses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Cristina Gasparino

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to evaluate the professional practice environment of nurses, their relationship with burnout syndrome and the differences among three institutions. Methods: a cross-sectional study developed at one secondary and two tertiary hospitals, with 278 nurses, who filled the Nursing Work Index Revised – Brazilian Version and the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Results: most of these nurses showed job satisfaction and good quality of health care, while few informed intentions to leave their jobs. When comparing the institutions, the secondary level one had more autonomy in nursing practice, more control over the work environment, better relationship with physicians, and lower levels of emotional exhaustion. Conclusion: these findings contribute for the implementation of changes to improve the nursing professional practice, enabling to achieve the satisfaction of those involved in the process, such as patients, professionals, and institutions.

  17. Pascal Chabot, Global Burn-out

    OpenAIRE

    Rollot, Jérémie

    2013-01-01

    « La philosophie est une réflexion pour qui toute matière étrangère est bonne et nous dirions volontiers pour qui toute bonne matière doit être étrangère » écrivait G. Canguilhem. L’ouvrage de Pascal Chabot, par conséquent, porte son regard philosophique sur cet objet étrange et étranger à la philosophie : le burn-out. L’enjeu est de comprendre ce phénomène et de le situer « dans une époque excessive » (p. 12). En effet, le burn-out dépasse le cadre de la pathologie de l’individu, il est path...

  18. O síndrome de Burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigues, Francisco

    2008-01-01

    O síndrome de Burnout aparece como uma patologia associada à vida moderna, pois é o resultado de uma série de condicionantes negativos que as pessoas retiram do seu trabalho e que se repercute na sua vida diária, nomeadamente na sua saúde psíquica. È constituído por três sub-escalas, das quais também importa a sua avaliação individual São o cansaço emocional, a despersonalização e a eficácia profissional. Objectivos: Avaliar os níveis de Burnout nos Docentes da Escola Superior de Saúde...

  19. Burnout in United States Academic Chairs of Radiation Oncology Programs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kusano, Aaron S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington (United States); Thomas, Charles R., E-mail: thomasch@ohsu.edu [Department of Radiation Medicine, Knight Cancer Institute/Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon (United States); Bonner, James A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama (United States); DeWeese, Theodore L. [Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Sciences, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland (United States); Formenti, Silvia C. [Department of Radiation Oncology, New York University, New York, New York (United States); Hahn, Stephen M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Lawrence, Theodore S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Mittal, Bharat B. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Northwestern University, Chicago, Ilinois (United States)

    2014-02-01

    Purpose: The aims of this study were to determine the self-reported prevalence of burnout in chairs of academic radiation oncology departments, to identify factors contributing to burnout, and to compare the prevalence of burnout with that seen in other academic chair groups. Methods and Materials: An anonymous online survey was administered to the membership of the Society of Chairs of Academic Radiation Oncology Programs (SCAROP). Burnout was measured with the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS). Results: Questionnaires were returned from 66 of 87 chairs (76% response rate). Seventy-nine percent of respondents reported satisfaction with their current positions. Common major stressors were budget deficits and human resource issues. One-quarter of chairs reported that it was at least moderately likely that they would step down in the next 1 to 2 years; these individuals demonstrated significantly higher emotional exhaustion. Twenty-five percent of respondents met the MBI-HSS criteria for low burnout, 75% for moderate burnout, and none for high burnout. Group MBI-HSS subscale scores demonstrated a pattern of moderate emotional exhaustion, low depersonalization, and moderate personal accomplishment, comparing favorably with other specialties. Conclusions: This is the first study of burnout in radiation oncology chairs with a high response rate and using a validated psychometric tool. Radiation oncology chairs share similar major stressors to other chair groups, but they demonstrate relatively high job satisfaction and lower burnout. Emotional exhaustion may contribute to the anticipated turnover in coming years. Further efforts addressing individual and institutional factors associated with burnout may improve the relationship with work of chairs and other department members.

  20. Burnout in United States Academic Chairs of Radiation Oncology Programs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: The aims of this study were to determine the self-reported prevalence of burnout in chairs of academic radiation oncology departments, to identify factors contributing to burnout, and to compare the prevalence of burnout with that seen in other academic chair groups. Methods and Materials: An anonymous online survey was administered to the membership of the Society of Chairs of Academic Radiation Oncology Programs (SCAROP). Burnout was measured with the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS). Results: Questionnaires were returned from 66 of 87 chairs (76% response rate). Seventy-nine percent of respondents reported satisfaction with their current positions. Common major stressors were budget deficits and human resource issues. One-quarter of chairs reported that it was at least moderately likely that they would step down in the next 1 to 2 years; these individuals demonstrated significantly higher emotional exhaustion. Twenty-five percent of respondents met the MBI-HSS criteria for low burnout, 75% for moderate burnout, and none for high burnout. Group MBI-HSS subscale scores demonstrated a pattern of moderate emotional exhaustion, low depersonalization, and moderate personal accomplishment, comparing favorably with other specialties. Conclusions: This is the first study of burnout in radiation oncology chairs with a high response rate and using a validated psychometric tool. Radiation oncology chairs share similar major stressors to other chair groups, but they demonstrate relatively high job satisfaction and lower burnout. Emotional exhaustion may contribute to the anticipated turnover in coming years. Further efforts addressing individual and institutional factors associated with burnout may improve the relationship with work of chairs and other department members

  1. Towards a dynamic understanding of burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Dawson, Nicola

    2015-01-01

    Nurses in the UK currently face significant challenges: Austerity measures and efficiency drives have led to staff shortages (Nursing Times, 2013), and nurses suffering from higher rates of stress-related sickness when compared to other sectors (Foureur et al, 2013). The nature of the nursing role leaves nurses particularly vulnerable to burnout (Farrington, 1995). A pragmatic epistemological framework was adopted to conduct a mixed methods study, with qualitative focus, which set out to retr...

  2. Narratives of agency in job burnout recovery

    OpenAIRE

    Andreou, Elena

    2015-01-01

    The present qualitative study investigates the experiences of job burnout recovery and non-recovery concentrating on the role of human agency. This study is additionally interested in workplace change as a component of the recovery process. The four studied individuals had participated and benefited from a rehabilitation that took place two years earlier to conducting the present study, yet their recovery processes after rehabilitation differ greatly from each other. The study uti...

  3. Burnout em tenistas brasileiros infanto-juvenis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro de Orleans Casagrande

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo teve como objetivo investigar a síndrome de burnout em tenistas infanto-juvenis brasileiros. A amostra foi composta por 88 tenistas sendo 69 meninos (M= 15.3 anos, DP= 1.2 e 19 meninas (M= 15.1 anos, DP= 1.3 que responderam ao Questionário de Burnout para Atletas e a um questionário de caracterização. Utilizou-se de estatística descritiva (frequências, percentuais, máximo e mínimo e inferencial não-paramétrica (Kruskall-Wallis e Mann Whitney, estabelecendo-se significância de p< 0.05. Tenistas com menor tempo de prática (1 a 3 anos apresentaram menores índices de exaustão física e emocional (p= 0.005,  D= −0.57 quando comparados com os que treinavam há mais tempo (4 a 7 anos. Tenistas com menor volume de treino (até 10 horas por semana apresentaram maiores índices de burnout (p= 0.009, D= 0.33, desvalorização desportiva (p= 0.011, D= 0.56 e baixo senso de realização desportiva (p= 0.002, D= 0.44 do que os com maior volume (11 a 20 horas por semana. As associações encontradas vão ao encontro de pressupostos teóricos da síndrome de burnout em atletas e pesquisas que investigaram essa população.

  4. Burnout heat flux in natural flow boiling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Twenty runs of experiments were conducted to determine the critical heat flux for natural flow boiling with water flowing upwards through annuli of centrally heated stainless steel tube. The test section has concentric heated tube of 14mm diameter and heated lengthes of 15 and 25 cm. The outside surface of the annulus was formed by various glass tubes of 17.25, 20 and 25.9mm diameter. System pressure is atmospheric. Inlet subcooling varied from 18 to 50C. Obtained critical heat flux varied from 24.46 to 62.9 watts/cm2. A number of parameters having dominant influence on the critical heat flux and hydrodynamic instability (flow and pressure oscillations) preceeding the burnout have been studied. These parameters are mass flow rate, mass velocity, throttling, channel geometry (diameters ratio, length to diameter ratio, and test section length), and inlet subcooling. Flow regimes before and at the moments of burnout were observed, discussed, and compared with the existing physical model of burnout

  5. Understanding Burnout and Promoting Engagement among Adjunct Faculty in Community Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bates, Michael Alan

    2012-01-01

    This mixed methods study explored the phenomenon of job burnout among adjunct faculty at two suburban Illinois community colleges. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators' Survey (MBI-ES) was administered to adjuncts at both colleges to determine overall levels of burnout for the three dimensions of burnout--emotional exhaustion,…

  6. The Effect of Organizational Size on Sport Centers' Employees Burnout.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ATHANASIOS KOUSTELIOS

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Organizational size and its relation with burnout were examined among 163 sport centres employees in Greece. Findings showed that there is a significant difference on employees' burnout between small and large sport organizations. Particularly, it was found that employees in small sport organizations experienced lower level of Emotional Exhaustion (p<.05 and higher level of Personal Accomplishment (p<.005.

  7. Factors Related to Burnout: A Review of Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McIntyre, Thomas

    Surveys were completed by 469 special education teachers to investigate the relationship of locus of control to teach burnout. Locus of control was found to correlate significantly with four of six dimensions on the Maslach Behavior Inventory. As teachers reported more external orientation, they also reported a greater degree of burnout. No…

  8. Using Music Therapy Techniques To Treat Teacher Burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheek, James R.; Bradley, Loretta J.; Parr, Gerald; Lan, William

    2003-01-01

    This study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of music therapy techniques as an intervention for teacher burnout. Results of the study indicated that teachers who participated in school-based counseling groups, using music therapy techniques in conjunction with cognitive behavioral interventions, reported lower levels of burnout symptoms…

  9. Factors Influencing Stress, Burnout, and Retention of Secondary Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, Molly H.

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the stress, burnout, satisfaction, and preventive coping skills of nearly 400 secondary teachers to determine variables contributing to these major factors influencing teachers. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) statistics were conducted that found the burnout levels between new and experienced teachers are significantly different,…

  10. Burnout en profesores: Una perspectiva social del intercambio

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schaufeli, W.B.

    2005-01-01

    This article proposes a theoretical perspective on teacher burnout that is based on the principles of social exchange. More specifically, it is argued that burnout results from a lack of reciprocity; that is, from a mismatch between investments and outcomes. Typically, burned-out teachers have given

  11. Predicting Burnout, Conflict Management Style, and Turnover among Clergy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beebe, Ronald S.

    2007-01-01

    Typically, the literature on clergy burnout employs an individual model and describes the pastoral role from the perspective of multiple demands or offers prescriptions for recovery. Although some literature examines the systemic nature of clergy burnout, little attention is paid to the internal psychological dynamics surrounding social…

  12. The level of burnout of housekeeping personnel in accomodation facilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sibel Erkal

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to determine the level of burnout of the housekeeping personnel (cleaner, manager, crew chief working in accommodation facilities and discovering if there was a relationship between their level of burnout and their personal features. In the study a cluster sampling method was used. 12 accommodation facilities in Antalya were handled as cluster and a total of 146 personnel working in these facilities comprised the sample group. A “Burnout Inventory” was used in the study. The study data were analyzed in the SPSS 14.01 program and t-test was used in the data analysis, while the Tukey test was used in the variance analysis and paired comparison. Significant relationships were detected between the level of burnout of the housekeeping personnel participating in the study and their level of education, income level, duties, working time in the facility, weekly working hours, daily working hours, level of satisfaction related to their jobs and their wish to change their jobs (p<0.05. A person experiencing burnout is exhausted and disappointed since he does not gain the things he expected from his way of life or relationships. That’s why it is necessary to approach a burnout event in a multi-dimensional way and deal with the factors causing burnout in different ways. In the literature review there was no study examining the level of burnout concerning individual housekeeping personnel working in accommodation facilities. this study was planned and carried out with this aim.

  13. The level of burnout of housekeeping personnel in accommodation facilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sibel Erkal

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to determine the level of burnout of the housekeeping personnel (cleaner, manager, crew chief working in accommodation facilities and discovering if there was a relationship between their level of burnout and their personal features. In the study a cluster sampling method was used. 12 accommodation facilities in Antalya were handled as cluster and a total of 146 personnel working in these facilities comprised the sample group. A “Burnout Inventory” was used in the study. The study data were analyzed in the SPSS 14.01 program and t-test was used in the data analysis, while the Tukey test was used in the variance analysis and paired comparison. Significant relationships were detected between the level of burnout of the housekeeping personnel participating in the study and their level of education, income level, duties, working time in the facility, weekly working hours, daily working hours, level of satisfaction related to their jobs and their wish to change their jobs (p<0.05. A person experiencing burnout is exhausted and disappointed since he does not gain the things he expected from his way of life or relationships. That’s why it is necessary to approach a burnout event in a multi-dimensional way and deal with the factors causing burnout in different ways. In the literature review there was no study examining the level of burnout concerning individual housekeeping personnel working in accommodation facilities. this study was planned and carried out with this aim.

  14. A Comparison of Burnout in Selected Occupational Fields.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Doris B.

    1990-01-01

    Examined whether degree or extent of burnout is differentiated among workers in six people-oriented fields: health services, banking, social welfare, industry, education, and postal service. Findings from 244 employees in these 6 fields indicated that employees in social welfare tended to experience more burnout than some persons in education,…

  15. Burnout Syndrome in High School Teachers' in Bilecik, Bozuyuk

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    Ahmet Topuzoglu

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available AIM: Burnout syndrome is manifested by physical exhaustion, long lasting tiredness and feelings of hopelessness. And also it consists of individual’s negative attitudes towards to life, occupation and the other persons. Burnout frequently seen in the occupations who work face to face with people like doctors, polices, nurses and managers. Generally teachers’ burnout level is higher than other occupations. Our aim is to determine the burnout levels and related factors of teachers working in high school of Bilecik Bozuyuk. METHODS: Totally 228 teachers participated to this cross sectional study (participating rate is %90.4. To find out the burnout level in these teachers Maslach Burnout Inventory was used. RESULTS: Of the total participants 52.1% were women, median age of participants were 33.0 years (Quartiles: 28.0–40.0 years There was no relation between the burnout level and the years in the occupation, weekly working time and the school that they educated. Occupational high school teachers, unwilingly occupation choosing, bad physical work environment, violence experience in the school significantly had higher points from burn out scale. CONCLUSION: Burnout level was higher in high school teachers, who didn’t want to be a teacher and who were working at bad physical environment and who had violence experience. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2009; 8(3.000: 217-222

  16. Prevalence of burnout in a sample of Brazilian teachers

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    Pedro R. Gil-Monte

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Burnout is a psychological response to chronic work-related stress of an interpersonal and emotional nature. Brazilian law have already contemplated burnout syndrome as a mental and behavioural disorder related to work. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of burnout in a sample of Brazilian teachers. Methods: The sample was composed of 714 teachers from 8 schools in Porto Alegre and its metropolitan area (Brazil. The levels of burnout were evaluated by the Spanish Burnout Inventory, educational version (SBI-Ed. In addition, Psychosomatic disorders were estimated by the UNIPSICO subscale. Results: The percentage of participants who indicated high levels of burnout was 12 % (Profile 1, and 5.6% fell into Profile 2 because they were affected by strong feelings of guilt. Moreover, participants with high scores on the SBI dimensions (low on Enthusiasm toward the job scored significantly higher on psychosomatic disorders than participants with low scores. Conclusions: Based on psychometric considerations, participants who fit Profile 2 of burnout could be considered burnout cases according to Brazilian legislation. However, using a clinical interview to make the diagnosis is recommended.

  17. Effect of the Emotional Freedom Technique (EFT) on Teacher Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Ann E.

    2010-01-01

    Teaching is a stressful profession. Often teachers experience burnout and become emotionally and physically spent early in their careers. The level of burnout among teachers in the field of education is having a negative impact on retention, recruitment, and student achievement. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of…

  18. Burnout of Academic Staff in South African Higher Education Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothmann, S.; Barkhuizen, N.

    2008-01-01

    The objectives of this study are to assess the psychometric properties of an adapted version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS) for academic staff in South African higher education institutions and to investigate differences between the burnout levels of different demographic groups. A survey design was used, with stratified…

  19. Examining Teacher Burnout Using Emotional Intelligence Quotients: A Correlational Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammett, Jennifer

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to discern if there are significant differences in a teacher's level of burnout based on his or her emotional intelligence quotient. This quantitative study examined the relationship between demographic characteristics, an emotional quotient inventory, and a burnout inventory to find significant relationships…

  20. Teacher Burnout: Causes and Projected Preventative and Curative Interventions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warrad, Mohammad I.

    2012-01-01

    This mixed methods study examined how teachers at Valley High School internalize the phenomenon of teacher burnout. Teachers at Valley High School are suffering from teacher burnout on a daily basis with little to no support. The teachers at Valley High School were asked to participate in a survey, semi-structured interviews, and class…

  1. Medical Graduates, Tertiary Hospitals, and Burnout: A Longitudinal Cohort Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parr, Justin M.; Pinto, Nigel; Hanson, Martin; Meehan, Ashlea; Moore, Peter T.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Burnout among junior doctors can affect patient care. We conducted a longitudinal cohort study designed to explore the incidence of burnout in medical interns and to examine the changes in burnout during the course of the intern year. Methods: Interns were recruited at two tertiary hospitals in Brisbane, Australia (n=180). Participants completed surveys at four time points during their internship year. All interns (100%) completed the baseline survey during their orientation. Response rates were 85%, 88%, and 79%, respectively, at 5-week, 6-month, and 12-month follow-up. Results: Interns reported high levels of personal and work-related burnout throughout the year that peaked at 6 months with mean scores of 42.53 and 41.81, respectively. Increases of 5.1 points (confidence interval [CI] 2.5,7.7; P=0.0001) and 3.5 points (CI 1.3,5.6; P=0.0015) were seen at 6 months for personal and work-related burnout, respectively. The mean score for patient-related burnout at 12 months was 25.57, and this number had increased significantly by 5.8 points (CI 3.2,8.5; Pburnout was 55.9%. Conclusion: Our study showed that burnout is a common problem among interns. The high incidence of burnout demonstrates the need for appropriate strategies to prevent adverse effects on doctors' quality of life and on the quality of care patients receive. PMID:27046399

  2. Students' Perceptions of Parental Bonding Styles and Their Academic Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Hyojung; Lee, Jayoung; Kim, Boyoung; Lee, Sang Min

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated how parental bonding style affects academic burnout in Korean adolescents. Participants were 447 middle school students, who completed the Parental Bonding Instrument and the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey. MANCOVA results confirmed that adolescents reporting the optimal bonding parental style, for both mother and…

  3. Burnout and Competency Development in Pre-Service Teacher Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Hidalgo, Antonio J.; Calmaestra, Juan; Dios, Irene

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: The burnout syndrome negatively affects the students' academic performance. The relation between academic burnout and the self-perception of skills in initial teacher training is subjected to analysis. Method: A sample of 274 students (average age = 20,61 years old) from the Bachelor Degree in Early Childhood Education and the…

  4. Understanding Burnout in Child and Youth Care Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barford, Sean W.; Whelton, William J.

    2010-01-01

    Burnout is a major concern in human service occupations as it has been linked to turnover, absenteeism, a reduction in the quality of services, numerous physical and psychological disorders, and a disruption in interpersonal relations (Maslach et al. "2001"). Child and youth care workers are especially susceptible to burnout as the inherent…

  5. Approximate physical burnout model for forced convection of saturated fluid

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Approximate physical burnout model for forced convection of saturated fluid is considered. Relationships for determining critical heat flux are presented. They correspond satisfactorily with experimental data. Experimental data on burnout in two-phase flow for various fluids including water and helium are presented

  6. Burnout among primary care physicians: a systematic review

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    Stephanie Giulianne Silva Morelli

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: to analyze the associations between burnout syndrome and individual and work-related characteristics among primary care physicians. Methods: a systematic review was performed using the Medline (PubMed, SciELO, Lilacs and Cochrane databases. In November, 2013, we ran a search based on the descriptors: “professional burnout”, “health personnel”, and “primary care”. We assessed 2,416 titles and 18 studies were selected. Results: the prevalence of burnout was high among primary care physicians. Burnout was associated with physical illnesses, mental disorders, and alcohol and substance abuse. Physicians who had higher levels of emotional exhaustion were more likely to be absent from work, and to change their job. Physicians suffering from burnout were also more likely to increase pharmaceutical expenditure per patient. The work-related characteristics associated with burnout were: length of employment in primary care, number of working hours per week, number of patients attended, type of employment contract, teaching activity, holiday period, and difficulties in dealing with other staff. Conclusion: the high prevalence of burnout among primary care physicians is a major concern for policy makers, since primary care is the cornerstone of health systems, and burnout syndrome can jeopardize the quality of care provided to populations, and the effectiveness of the entire health care system. Understanding the factors associated with burnout allows the development of strategies for intervention and prevention.

  7. Investigating Occupational Commitment and Turnover Intention Relationship with Burnout Syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Aydem Ciftcioglu

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates burnout components impact on accountant’s occupational commitment and occupational turnover intention interaction. The data used in this study was taken from randomly selected 162 accountants who are the members of Istanbul Chambers of Certified Public Accountants (ICCPA). The results reveal that only emotional exhaustion component of burnout has partial mediating effect between affective occupational commitment and occupational turnover intention.

  8. A Measure of Staff Burnout among Health Professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, John W.

    Staff burnout among health professionals refers to a syndrome of physical and emotional exhaustion involving the development of negative job attitudes, a poor professional self-concept, and a loss of empathic concern for clients. The Staff Burnout Scale for Health Professionals (SBS-HP) is a 20-item inventory assessing cognitive, affective,…

  9. Burnout in Turkish Computer Teachers: Problems and Predictors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deryakulu, Deniz

    2006-01-01

    Burnout is known to be a job-related syndrome. Freudenberger (1974) introduced the term "burnout" to describe the inability to function effectively in one's job as a consequence of prolonged and extensive job-related stress. Teaching has been identified as a highly stressful job. Selye (1974, as cited in Iwanicki, 1983) used the terms "eustress"…

  10. Coping with Stress: Common Sense about Teacher Burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schamer, Linda A.; Jackson, Michael J. B.

    1996-01-01

    Burnout is a syndrome involving a person's inability to cope effectively with the continual bombardment of perceived stressors. More than any other public service professionals, teachers are affected by burnout, resulting in a negative attitude toward students and a loss of idealism, energy, and purpose. Suggests strategies to effectively manage…

  11. Investigating the Relationships between Loneliness and Learning Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Shu-Hui; Huang, Yun-Chen

    2012-01-01

    Loneliness is a common problem for many students. Research indicates that loneliness is associated with relatively poor physical health and depression among students. Burnout in students is also an important issue since it adversely affects students' learning as well as their health and well-being. Both loneliness and learning burnout are related…

  12. Burnout among physicians and nursing staff working in the emergency hospital of Tanta University, Egypt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdo, S A M; El-Sallamy, R M; El-Sherbiny, A A M; Kabbash, I A

    2016-12-01

    Little is known about professional burnout among health-care workers in Egypt. The current study aimed to reveal the extent of burnout among physicians and nursing staff working in the emergency hospital of Tanta University and to identify some of its determinants. A cross-sectional study was carried out on all physicians (n = 266) and a systematic random sample of nurses (n = 284). Burnout was assessed using the Maslach Burnout Inventory and its subscales. Most of the participants (66.0%)had a moderate level of burnout and 24.9% of them had high burnout. Multivariate analysis of variables affecting burnout showed that age, sex, frequency of exposure to work-related violence, years of experience, work burden, supervision and work activities were significant predictors of burnout among the respondents. The authors recommend health education interventions during pre-employment training programmes for prevention of burnout syndrome and periodic screening for early detection and management of burnout. PMID:26996364

  13. Burnout syndrome in educators of regular basic education from Arequipa

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    Walter Lizandro Arias Gallegos

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In the present we expose the results of the study about burnout syndrome incidence in a sample of 233 educators (127 male and 106 female with an age range among 20 and 65 years old, who work in public and private schools in Arequipa City. The Maslach Burnout Inventory for Educators was applied and the results show that 93,7% of male educators has a moderate level of burnout and 6,3% has a severe level, meantime 91,5% of female teachers has a moderate level and 7,5% has a severe level of burnout. Major percentage of male teachers has higher punctuations in exhaustion, cynicism and inefficacy; than female educators. Moreover, we found significant relations (p<,000 among type of educative administration and cynicism and inefficacy. As conclusion, male teachers are more severe affected by burnout syndrome than female teachers, who dedicate to teach students in basic education level

  14. Burnout power in once-through tubular steam generators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present experimental research provides experimental data in a design field where existing burnout correlations are usually extrapolated outside their validity range. Low surface heat fluxes and very long geometries typical of L.M.F.B.R. sodium heated steam generators require full scale water tests. 218 burnout qualities at pressures ranging from 60 to 160 kg/cm2 and specific mass flowrates from 110 to 260 g/cm2s were measured and tested against the most known burnout correlations. Physically it appears that burnout quality is substantially independent from the flowrate, while a sharp subdivision with pressure suggests that for 60 less than p less than 90 kg/cm2 and 110 less than p less than 160 kg/cm2 two different burnout mechanisms may set up. (U.S.)

  15. Burnout among young physicians and its association with physicians’ wishes to leave

    OpenAIRE

    Pantenburg, Birte; Luppa, Melanie; König, Hans-Helmut; Riedel-Heller, Steffi G.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Concerns about burnout, and its consequences, among German physicians are rising. However, data on burnout among German physicians are scarce. Also, a suspected association between burnout and German physicians’ wishes to leave remains to be studied. Therefore, the extent of burnout, and the association between burnout and wishes to leave clinical practice or to go abroad for clinical work was studied in a sample of young physicians in Saxony. Methods: In a cross-sectional survey,...

  16. Impact of Burnout on Self-Reported Patient Care Among Emergency Physicians

    OpenAIRE

    Lu, Dave W; Scott Dresden; Colin McCloskey; Jeremy Branzetti; Gisondi, Michael A.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Burnout is a syndrome of depersonalization, emotional exhaustion and sense of low personal accomplishment. Emergency physicians (EPs) experience the highest levels of burnout among all physicians. Burnout is associated with greater rates of self-reported suboptimal care among surgeons and internists. The association between burnout and suboptimal care among EPs is unknown. The objective of the study was to evaluate burnout rates among attending and resident EPs and examine their...

  17. Comparison of burnout pattern between hospital physicians and family physicians working in Suez Canal University Hospitals

    OpenAIRE

    Kotb, Amany Ali; Mohamed, Khalid Abd-Elmoez; Kamel, Mohammed Hbany; Ismail, Mosleh Abdul Rahman; Abdulmajeed, Abdulmajeed Ahmed

    2014-01-01

    Introduction The burnout syndrome is characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and low personal accomplishment. It is associated with impaired job performance. Methods This descriptive study examined 171 physicians for the presence of burnout and its related risk factors. The evaluation of burnout was through Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). The participant was considered to meet the study criteria for burnout if he or she got a “high“ score on at least 2 of the three dimensio...

  18. Burnout e intenciones de jubilación anticipada entre empleados mayores - Burnout and early retirement intentions among older employees

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Henkens, C.J.I.M.; Leenders, M.

    2009-01-01

    El tema central de este artículo es la jubilación y el burnout de los empleados mayores. Analizamos si existe una relación entre las dimensiones de agotamiento emocional y despersonalización características del burnout y las intenciones de jubilación de los empleados mayores. Asimismo, se investiga

  19. Study of transient burnout characteristics under flow reduction condition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As part of a study of the thermal behavior of fuel rods during Power-Cooling-Mismatch (PCM) accidents in light water reactors, burnout characteristics in a uniformly heated, vertically oriented tube or annulus, under flow reduction condition, were experimentally studied. Test pressures ranged 0.1--3.9 MPa and flow reduction rates 0.44--1100%/s. An analytical method is developed to obtain the local mass velocity during a transient condition. The major results are as follows: With increasing flow reduction rate beyond a threshold, transient burnout mass velocity at the inlet was lower than that in steady state tests under the experimental pressures. The higher system pressure resulted in the less transient effects. At pressures higher than 2.0 MPa and flow reduction rates lower than 20%/s, the local burnout mass velocity agreed with the steady state burnout mass velocity, whereas the local burnout mass velocity became higher than the steady state burnout mass velocity at flow reduction rates higher than 20%/s. At pressures lower than 1 MPa, with increasing flow reduction rate beyond the threshold value of 2%/s, the local burnout mass velocity was lower than the steady state burnout mass velocity. An empirical correlation is presented to give the ratio of the transient to the steady state burnout mass velocities at the burnout location as a function of the steam-water density ratio and the flow reduction rate. The experimental results by Cumo et al. agree with the correlation. The correlation, however, cannot predict the experimental results at higher flow reduction rates beyond 40%/s. (author)

  20. On the clinical validity of the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the Burnout Measure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schaufeli, W.B.; Bakker, A.B.; Hoogduin, C.A.L.; Schaap, C.P.D.R.; Kladler, A.J.

    2001-01-01

    Current knowledge about burnout suffers from a healthy worker bias since only working - and thus relatively healthy - employees have been investigated. The main objective of this study is to examine - for the first time among employees who sought psychological treatment - the validity of the two mos

  1. Born to Burnout: A Meta-Analytic Path Model of Personality, Job Burnout, and Work Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swider, Brian W.; Zimmerman, Ryan D.

    2010-01-01

    We quantitatively summarized the relationship between Five-Factor Model personality traits, job burnout dimensions (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment), and absenteeism, turnover, and job performance. All five of the Five-Factor Model personality traits had multiple true score correlations of 0.57 with emotional…

  2. Job Burnout and Couple Burnout in Dual-Earner Couples in the Sandwiched Generation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pines, Ayala Malach; Neal, Margaret B.; Hammer, Leslie B.; Icekson, Tamar

    2011-01-01

    We use existential theory as a framework to explore the levels of and relationship between job and couple burnout reported by dual-earner couples in the "sandwich generation" (i.e., couples caring both for children and aging parents) in a sample of such couples in Israel and the United States. This comparison enables an examination of the…

  3. Discussions On Worst-Case Test Condition For Single Event Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Sandra; Zafrani, Max; Sherman, Phillip

    2011-10-01

    This paper discusses the failure characteristics of single- event burnout (SEB) on power MOSFETs based on analyzing the quasi-stationary avalanche simulation curves. The analyses show the worst-case test condition for SEB would be using the ion that has the highest mass that would result in the highest transient current due to charge deposition and displacement damage. The analyses also show it is possible to build power MOSFETs that will not exhibit SEB even when tested with the heaviest ion, which have been verified by heavy ion test data on SEB sensitive and SEB immune devices.

  4. The Turkish Adaptation of the Burnout Measure-Short Version (BMS) and Couple Burnout Measure-Short Version (CBMS) and the Relationship between Career and Couple Burnout Based on Psychoanalytic-Existential Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capri, Burhan

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to carry out the Turkish adaptation, validity, and reliability studies of Burnout Measure-Short Form (BMS) and Couple Burnout Measure-Short Form (CBMS) and also to analyze the correlation between the careers and couple burnout scores of the participants from the psychoanalytic-existential perspective. This research…

  5. A newer and broader definition of burnout: Validation of the "Burnout Clinical Subtype Questionnaire (BCSQ-36"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García-Campayo Javier

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Burnout syndrome has been clinically characterised by a series of three subtypes: frenetic, underchallenged and worn-out, with reference to coping strategies for stress and frustration at work with different degrees of dedication. The aims of the study are to present an operating definition of these subtypes in order to assess their reliability and convergent validity with respect to a standard burnout criterion and to examine differences with regard to sex and the temporary nature of work contracts. Method An exploratory factor analysis was performed by the main component method on a range of items devised by experts. The sample was composed of 409 employees of the University of Zaragoza, Spain. The reliability of the scales was assessed with Cronbach's α, convergent validity in relation to the Maslach Burnout Inventory with Pearson's r, and differences with Student's t-test and the Mann-Whitney U test. Results The factorial validity and reliability of the scales were good. The subtypes presented relations of differing degrees with the criterion dimensions, which were greater when dedication to work was lower. The frenetic profile presented fewer relations with the criterion dimensions while the worn-out profile presented relations of the greatest magnitude. Sex was not influential in establishing differences. However, the temporary nature of work contracts was found to have an effect: temporary employees exhibited higher scores in the frenetic profile (p p = 0.018 and worn-out (p Conclusions The classical Maslach description of burnout does not include the frenetic profile; therefore, these patients are not recognised. The developed questionnaire may be a useful tool for the design and appraisal of specific preventive and treatment approaches based on the type of burnout experienced.

  6. [Burnout among elderly care staff. A review of its prevalence].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nienhaus, A; Westermann, C; Kuhnert, S

    2012-02-01

    Provision of inpatient elderly care is characterized by factors that favor the onset of burnout, with psychosomatic complaints, a drop in performance, periods of absence due to sickness, and early retirement from the sector regularly being observed in this respect. This study summarizes the research of the past 11 years, regarding the prevalence of burnout among inpatient elderly care employees. A total of 24 studies were identified during a systematic database search conducted in May 2011. As the studies conceptualize burnout differently and are based on different survey tools, it is not possible to draw a clear conclusion regarding its prevalence. There is empirical evidence of a correlation between burnout and the care staff/patient ratio, workloads, the freedom to make decisions, job satisfaction, and neuroticism. There is no confirmation of a correlation between burnout and marital status, income, or shift work. There are contradictory findings regarding the correlation between burnout and sociodemographic aspects (e.g., age and gender) as well as burnout and the type of care institution, working hours, and violence perpetrated by patients. PMID:22290165

  7. Health behaviors and personality in burnout: a third dimension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mustafa, Osama M

    2015-01-01

    The high prevalence of burnout among healthcare professionals warrants a thorough examination aimed at improving the current understanding of its predictors and preventive measures. Cecil et al. have underscored the alarming prevalence of burnout among medical students and assessed its association with demographic, lifestyle, and behavioral factors. Of interest, health behaviors were found to be predictive of burnout. The study suggests certain behaviors (such as high physical activity) to be protective, and thus, calls for their establishment early in college life to prevent the development of this professionally-disabling mental state. Although the adoption of advisable health behaviors may independently reduce the risk of burnout, recognition of the existence and influence of closely related factors allows for an enhanced understanding and a greater precision for any conclusions to be made. Personality, through deductive and inductive reasoning, is likely to exert significant influence on both the student's behavior and his/her susceptibility to burnout. Thus, with personality representing--in and of itself--a principal model for prediction of burnout risk, controlling for personality traits when addressing health behaviors' influence per se on burnout is essential. PMID:26365101

  8. Burnout amongst urban secondary school teachers in Namibia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dap Louw

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Burnout seems to be particularly common amongst professionals who help and enable people to cope with the demands of their daily lives.Motivation for the study: The study focused on the magnitude and nature of burnout amongst Namibian teachers as well as the influence of biographical factors on their levels of burnout. Another aim was to determine the extent to which the results of this study correlate with research findings in other countries.Research design, approach and method: The researchers used a non-experimental research method. The study involved more than 300 secondary school teachers from the Windhoek region of Namibia. They administered the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI and a biographical questionnaire to achieve the goals of the study.Main findings: The main findings of the study were that the participants experienced similar levels of burnout compared to teachers in other countries. This was especially true for emotional exhaustion. Teaching experience was the biographical variable that yielded the most significant positive correlation with burnout.Practical/managerial implications: The education authorities should address the emotional needs of secondary school teachers in Namibia urgently. They should introduce effective burnout intervention and prevention programmes. These programmes could result in higher levels of job satisfaction and educational effectiveness. They could also lead to increased general fulfilment and better teacher retention.

  9. Nurses’ Burnout in Oncology Hospital Critical Care Unit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yeliz İrem Tunçel

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Burnout is common in intensive care units (ICU because of high demands and difficult working conditions. The aim of this study was to analyse nurses’ burnout in our oncology ICU and to determine which factors are associated with. Material and Method: The study was carried out in Ankara Oncology Hospital ICU. A self- reporting questionnaire in an envelope was used for the evaluation of burnout (Turkish- language version of Maslach Burnout Inventory and depression (Beck Depression Scale. Results: From a total of 37 ICU nurses, 35 participated in the study (%94,5 response rate. High levels of emotional exhaustion in 82% and depersonalization in 51,4% of nurses was determined. Personal accomplishment was higher at 80%. Mild to moderate emotional state and mild anxiety was revealed. Years in profession,finding salary insufficient, finding the profession in its proper, choosing the profession of his own accord, work environment satisfaction and finding the social activity adequate were associated with burnout (p≤0.05. Conclusion: In our study, intensive care unit nurses’ burnout scores were found to be higher. Burnout was rare in nurses that choose the profession of his own accord, find the nursing profession in its proper, and social activity adequate and are satisfied with the work environment. Therefore, we believe that attention should be given to individual needs and preferences in the selection of ICU staff.

  10. A burnout prediction model based around char morphology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    T. Wu; E. Lester; M. Cloke [University of Nottingham, Nottingham (United Kingdom). Nottingham Energy and Fuel Centre

    2005-07-01

    Poor burnout in a coal-fired power plant has marked penalties in the form of reduced energy efficiency and elevated waste material that can not be utilized. The prediction of coal combustion behaviour in a furnace is of great significance in providing valuable information not only for process optimization but also for coal buyers in the international market. Coal combustion models have been developed that can make predictions about burnout behaviour and burnout potential. Most of these kinetic models require standard parameters such as volatile content, particle size and assumed char porosity in order to make a burnout prediction. This paper presents a new model called the Char Burnout Model (ChB) that also uses detailed information about char morphology in its prediction. The model can use data input from one of two sources. Both sources are derived from image analysis techniques. The first from individual analysis and characterization of real char types using an automated program. The second from predicted char types based on data collected during the automated image analysis of coal particles. Modelling results were compared with a different carbon burnout kinetic model and burnout data from re-firing the chars in a drop tube furnace operating at 1300{sup o}C, 5% oxygen across several residence times. An improved agreement between ChB model and DTF experimental data proved that the inclusion of char morphology in combustion models can improve model predictions. 27 refs., 4 figs., 4 tabs.

  11. Health behaviors and personality in burnout: a third dimension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osama M. Mustafa

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The high prevalence of burnout among healthcare professionals warrants a thorough examination aimed at improving the current understanding of its predictors and preventive measures. Cecil et al. have underscored the alarming prevalence of burnout among medical students and assessed its association with demographic, lifestyle, and behavioral factors. Of interest, health behaviors were found to be predictive of burnout. The study suggests certain behaviors (such as high physical activity to be protective, and thus, calls for their establishment early in college life to prevent the development of this professionally-disabling mental state. Although the adoption of advisable health behaviors may independently reduce the risk of burnout, recognition of the existence and influence of closely related factors allows for an enhanced understanding and a greater precision for any conclusions to be made. Personality, through deductive and inductive reasoning, is likely to exert significant influence on both the student's behavior and his/her susceptibility to burnout. Thus, with personality representing – in and of itself – a principal model for prediction of burnout risk, controlling for personality traits when addressing health behaviors’ influence per se on burnout is essential.

  12. Burnout and Physical Activity in Minnesota Internal Medicine Resident Physicians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Shawn M.; Odo, Nnaemeka U.; Duran, Alisa M.; Pereira, Anne G.; Mandel, Jeffrey H.

    2014-01-01

    Background Regular physical activity plays an important role in the amelioration of several mental health disorders; however, its relationship with burnout has not yet been clarified. Objective To determine the association between achievement of national physical activity guidelines and burnout in internal medicine resident physicians. Methods A Web-based survey of internal medicine resident physicians at the University of Minnesota and Hennepin County Medical Center was conducted from September to October 2012. Survey measures included the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Results Of 149 eligible residents, 76 (51.0%) completed surveys, which were used in the analysis. Burnout prevalence, determined by the Maslach Burnout Inventory, was 53.9% (41 of 76). Prevalence of failure to achieve US Department of Health and Human Services physical activity guidelines was 40.8% (31 of 76), and 78.9% (60 of 76) of residents reported that their level of physical activity has decreased since they began medical training. Residents who were able to meet physical activity guidelines were less likely to be burned out than their fellow residents (OR, 0.38, 95% CI 0.147–0.99). Conclusions Among internal medicine resident physicians, achievement of national physical activity guidelines appears to be inversely associated with burnout. Given the high national prevalence of burnout and inactivity, additional investigation of this relationship appears warranted. PMID:26140116

  13. [BURNOUT: PREVENT IT IS TO ADVANCE].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elena Varela, Jonathan

    2015-10-01

    The exercise of nursing and medicine is a gratifying work for the one who exercises it, though, sometimes, the daily reality of the hospitals and the peculiarity of the sector cause that the sanitary personnel presents pictures of stress with more assiduity that another type of professionals, what produces the appearance and the development of the symptoms associated to burnout syndrome. Later, we will try to analyze the principal reasons for which this syndrome appears, the consequences and, very specially, the measures of prevention and treatment. PMID:26685565

  14. Effectiveness Analysis of a Non-Destructive Single Event Burnout Test Methodology

    CERN Document Server

    Oser, P; Spiezia, G; Fadakis, E; Foucard, G; Peronnard, P; Masi, A; Gaillard, R

    2014-01-01

    It is essential to characterize power MosFETs regarding their tolerance to destructive Single Event Burnouts (SEB). Therefore, several non-destructive test methods have been developed to evaluate the SEB cross-section of power devices. A power MosFET has been evaluated using a test circuit, designed according to standard non-destructive test methods discussed in the literature. Guidelines suggest a prior adaptation of auxiliary components to the device sensitivity before the radiation test. With the first value chosen for the de-coupling capacitor, the external component initiated destructive events and affected the evaluation of the cross-section. As a result, the influence of auxiliary components on the device cross-section was studied. This paper presents the obtained experimental results, supported by SPICE simulations, to evaluate and discuss how the circuit effectiveness depends on the external components.

  15. Burnout of nurses who work in a government hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurten Kaya

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This research were conducted for the purpose of examining nurses’ burnout levels who work in a government hospital according to some variables.Material and Method: 320 nurses constituted universe of research, all nurses were selected by disproportional group sample method constituted sample of research. The data were collected by using “Personal Information Form”, and “Burnout Measure”. The data gathered were analyzed in the program of SPSS. Findings: It was occurred nurses scored average 3.46±0.68 from Burnout Measure. On the other hand nurses have experienced most physical exhaustion (3.78±0.85 and it is followed by mental exhaustion (3.66±0.54, emotional exhaustion (2.93±1.03 (potential points distribution of measure and elements between 1-7. Nurses were separated among burnout groups according to continuous points in Burnout Measure. In grouping process, nurses who have between 1-3 points were assigned to burnout group-1; 3-4 points to group-2; 4-5 points to group-3; 5-7 points to group-4. It was determined that the 51.9% of nurses had in group 2, 27.8% of them had in group 1, 19.4% of them had in group 3, and 0.9% of nurses had in group 3. It was found characteristics of nurses gender, age, professional and experiences in their unit overcame with statistical relevancies; the variables like marital status, professional education, unit of working didn’t have weight with burnout level.Conclusion: Nurses within the scope of this research are experiencing burnout. Therefore, actions to prevent and to develop strategies for dealing to burnout of nurses must be planned and implemented in both organizational and individual basis.

  16. Burnout of nurses who work in a government hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurten Kaya

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This research was conducted for the purpose of examining nurses’ burnout levels who work in a government hospital according to some variables.Material and Method: 320 nurses constituted universe of research, all nurses were selected by disproportional group sample method constituted sample of research. The data were collected by using “Personal Information Form”, and “Burnout Measure”. The data gathered were analyzed in the program of SPSS. Findings: It was occurred nurses scored average 3.46±0.68 from Burnout Measure. On the other hand nurses have experienced most physical exhaustion (3.78±0.85 and it is followed by mental exhaustion (3.66±0.54, emotional exhaustion (2.93±1.03 (potential points distribution of measure and elements between 1-7. Nurses were separated among burnout groups according to continuous points in Burnout Measure. In grouping process, nurses who have between 1-3 points were assigned to burnout group-1; 3-4 points to group-2; 4-5 points to group-3; 5-7 points to group-4. It was determined that the 51.9% of nurses had in group 2, 27.8% of them had in group 1, 19.4% of them had in group 3, and 0.9% of nurses had in group 3. It was found characteristics of nurses gender, age, professional and experiences in their unit overcame with statistical relevancies; the variables like marital status, professional education, unit of working didn’t have weight with burnout level.Conclusion: Nurses within the scope of this research are experiencing burnout. Therefore, actions to prevent and to develop strategies for dealing to burnout of nurses must be planned and implemented in both organizational and individual basis.

  17. Burnout syndrome in physical therapists – Demographic and organizational factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urszula Pustułka-Piwnik

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: Professional burnout results from prolonged exposure to chronic, job-related stressors. According to Christina Maslach, professional burnout is a syndrome of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment. Literature includes a number of reports on burnout syndrome within health service, but hardly ever do they make any references to physiotherapists. The purpose of this study is assessment of the level of professional burnout in a group of physiotherapists and investigating relationships between the indices of burnout syndrome and selected demographic as well as organizational variables. Material and Methods: The study group consisted of 151 physiotherapists with at least 3 years of experience, employed in various health service outposts in Krakow, Poland. The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI was used to measure emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal accomplishment. A questionnaire for the description of socio-demographic and work characteristics was used as well. Results: Job burnout among the physiotherapists was manifested by an increased emotional exhaustion and decreased sense of personal achievement. Emotional exhaustion was significantly higher among physical therapists working with adults and employed in hospitals, depersonalization was higher among men, hospital workers and employees with seniority from 15 to 19 years, personal accomplishment was decreased among men and less-educated therapists. Conclusions: The study confirmed that indicators of burnout in physiotherapists are significantly associated with selected demographic and organizational variables. It is necessary to undertake a more exhaustive study of burnout in this group of employees, and implement elements of prevention. Med Pr 2014;65(4:453–462

  18. Job Burnout amongst the Institutional Caregivers Working with Individuals with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: Utilization of the Chinese Version of the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Lan-Ping; Lin, Jin-Ding

    2013-01-01

    Burnout has been considered important to understand the well-being of people who work with individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) and developmental disabilities (DD). To identify personal and workplace characteristics associated with burnout, this study aimed to utilize the Chinese version of the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory to provide a…

  19. Emotional burnout and egoism: the peculiarities of interaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Levit L.Z.

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The article under consideration deals with the theoretical and experimental investigation of the interactions between «emotional burnout» and «egoism» concepts. The authors make a conclusion concerning the influence of the «basic» egoism of an individual on the degree of his/her emotional burnout. At the same time, the higher levels of the «Egoism» system and person’s self-actualization are proved to be the factors which prevent from the burnout.

  20. The Role of Isolation in Predicting New Principals’ Burnout

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loran E Stephenson

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Professional isolation has hampered the quality of the work experience for employees in and outside public education for decades. This study explores the role that perceived isolation plays in predicting the quality of the work experience among new principals. The analysis tests whether isolation serves as a mediator in the relationship between factors that are known to affect the quality of work life of principals (social support; role stress; and participation in a structured coaching relationship and three dimensions of burnout. Regression analysis supports the framework that places isolation as a mediator in predicting physical and emotional burnout, but does not support this role for cognitive burnout.

  1. Life stress as potential risk factor for depression and burnout

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Plieger

    2015-03-01

    Conclusion: By considering the influence of life stress it could be demonstrated that depression and burnout are not identical although they share substantial phenotypic variance (r = .46–.61. Most important, the trivariate associations are the same in a representative employee sample and in an inpatient clinical sample suggesting the same underlying mechanisms covering the whole range from normal behavior to psychopathology. However, only longitudinal data can show if burnout necessarily turns into depression with the consequence that the burnout – life stress association approaches the depression – life stress association over time.

  2. Dry patch formed boiling and burnout in potassium pool boiling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experimental results are presented on dry patch formed boiling and burnout in saturated potassium pool boiling on a horizontal plane heater for system pressures from 30 to 760 torr and liquid levels from 5 to 50 mm. The dry patch formation occurs in the intermittent boiling which is often encountered when liquid alkali metals are used under relatively low pressure conditions. Burnout is caused from both continuous nucleate and dry patch formed boiling. The burnout heat flux together with nucleate boiling heat transfer coefficients are empirically correlated with system pressures. A model is also proposed to predict the minimum heat flux to form the dry patch. (author)

  3. Burnout syndrome in educators of regular basic education from Arequipa

    OpenAIRE

    Walter Lizandro Arias Gallegos; Noelia Araceli Jiménez Barrios

    2013-01-01

    In the present we expose the results of the study about burnout syndrome incidence in a sample of 233 educators (127 male and 106 female) with an age range among 20 and 65 years old, who work in public and private schools in Arequipa City. The Maslach Burnout Inventory for Educators was applied and the results show that 93,7% of male educators has a moderate level of burnout and 6,3% has a severe level, meantime 91,5% of female teachers has a moderate level and 7,5% has a severe level of burn...

  4. Job burnout in 159 anesthesiology trainees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yesim Cokay Abut

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Anesthesiology may be stressful and most anesthesiologists develop mechanisms for coping. However, inexperienced trainee anesthesiologists seem to be vulnerable. We studied stress perception and job burnout in trainee anesthesiologists. Methods: Responses to perceived stress scale (PSS and Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI were evaluated in 159 trainee anesthesiologists. Results: In our results, when perceived stress was increased, emotional exhaustion and depersonalization increased but personal accomplishment decreased, as expected. Perceived stress was very high in the early years of training. There was a negative correlation between age and emotional exhaustion and depersonalization, but positive correlation with personal accomplishment. Female anesthesiologists had higher personal accomplishment, but lower depersonalization points than male anesthesiologists in our study. There was no statistical association between marital status, PSS, and MBI; ≥2 children group had a significant high personal accomplishment but low depersonalization and emotional exhaustion scores. Line regression analysis showed a statistically significant relationship between PSS and emotional exhaustion and between age and depersonalization. Conclusions: Social factors such as gender and number of children affect the work life of our trainees.

  5. Annular burnout data from rod bundle experiments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Burnout data for annular flow in a rod bundle are presented for both transient and steady-state conditions. Tests were performed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in the Thermal Hydraulic Test Facility (THTF), a pressurized-water loop containing an electrically heated 64-rod bundle. The bundle configuration is typical of later generation pressurized-water reactors with 17 x 17 fuel arrays. Both axial and radial power profiles are flat. All experiments were carried out in upflow with subcooled inlet conditions, insuring accurate flow measurement. Conditions within the bundle were typical of those which could be encountered during a nuclear reactor loss-of-coolant accident. Level average fluid conditions within the test section were calculated using steady-state mass and energy conservation considerations for the steady-state tests and a transient, homogeneous, equilibrium computer code for the transient tests. Unlike tube dryout, burnout within a rod bundle does not necessarily occur at one distinct axial level. The location of individual rod dryout was determined by scanning rods axially and locating the position where rod superheat increased from approx. =0 to 30 K or greater. Thermocouple instrumentation within the bundle allows the location of dryout to be determined to within approximately +.5 cm for many of the tests

  6. Medium-energy heavy-ion single-event-burnout imaging of power MOSFETs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Musseau, O.; Torres, A.; Campbell, A.B.; Knudson, A.R.; Buchner, S.; Fischer, B.; Schloegl, M.; Briand, P.

    1999-12-01

    The authors present the first experimental determination of the SEB sensitive area in a power MOSFET irradiated with a high-LET heavy-ion microbeam. They used a spectroscopy technique to perform coincident measurements of the charge collected in both source and drain junctions together, with a non-destructive technique (current limitation). The resulting charge collection images are related to the physical structure of the individual cells. These experimental data reveal the complex 3-dimensional behavior of a real structure, which can not easily be simulated using available tools. As the drain voltage is increased, the onset of burnout is reached, characterized by a sudden change in the charge collection image. Hot spots are observed where the collected charge reaches its maximum value. Those spots, due to burnout triggering events, correspond to areas where the silicon is degraded through thermal effects along a single ion track. This direct observation of SEB sensitive areas as applications for, either device hardening, by modifying doping profiles or layout of the cells, or for code calibration and device simulation.

  7. The relationship between reciprocity and burnout in Dutch medical residents

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Prins, Jelle T.; Gazendam-Donofrio, Stacey M.; Dillingh, Gea S.; van de Wiel, Harry B. M.; van der Heijden, Frank M. M. A.; Hoekstra-Weebers, Josette E. H. M.

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE This study examined reciprocity in medical residents' relationships with supervisors, fellow residents, nurses and patients, and associations between reciprocity and burnout. Furthermore, we considered if a discrepancy between the perceived and preferred levels of reciprocity influenced th

  8. [Burnout. Stress coping disorder and meaning of life crises].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brühlmann, T

    2013-09-01

    Burnout is not a medical diagnosis but a developmental aberration which is associated with the risk of subsequent mental and somatic diseases. It can be summarized under a fatigue process with stress symptoms, societal-linked stressors and a driving force stress intensifier. In the mental stress circle, burnout presents as an accelerated vicious spiral driven by high demands. Therapeutic stress management encompasses improvement in life balance, cognitive information processing and functionality of the behavioral pattern as well as deceleration of the stress spiral. Burnout is also a meaning of life crisis, triggered by the narrowing of performance and success. The anthropological therapeutic approach targets an enhancement of self-conception and lifestyle. Other available therapy approaches for burnout include pharmacotherapy, coaching, management consulting and inpatient treatment. PMID:24081586

  9. Burnout and stress, depression and self-esteem of teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beer, J; Beer, J

    1992-12-01

    33 teachers from one institutional school setting and 59 teachers from three north central school districts volunteered to complete and return Beck's Depression Scale, the Coopersmith Self-esteem Inventory--Adult Form, Stress Profile for Teachers, and the Staff Burnout Scale for Mental Health Professionals. Analysis of variance (2 x 2) for teaching level (grade and high school) by sex showed those teaching regular classrooms is grade school experienced less burnout and stress than did high school teachers. There was no sex difference. In the institutional setting there was a significant difference on burnout scores between men and women who taught high school; their scores were higher than those of the male grade school teachers. Burnout lie scores were also significantly higher for female high school teachers than for both male and female grade school teachers. Scores on stress were significantly higher for male high school teachers than for both female high school teachers and male grade school teachers. PMID:1480718

  10. Systematic Review of Mindfulness Practice for Reducing Job Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sammons, Amanda

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE. A systematic search and critical appraisal of interdisciplinary literature was conducted to evaluate the evidence for practicing mindfulness to treat job burnout and to explore implications for occupational therapy practitioners. METHOD. Eight articles met inclusion criteria. Each study was assessed for quality using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale. We used the U.S. Agency for Health Care Policy and Research guidelines to determine strength of evidence. RESULTS. Of the studies reviewed, participants included health care professionals and teachers; no studies included occupational therapy practitioners. Six of the 8 studies demonstrated statistically significant decreases in job burnout after mindfulness training. Seven of the studies were of fair to good quality. CONCLUSION. There is strong evidence for the use of mindfulness practice to reduce job burnout among health care professionals and teachers. Research is needed to fill the gap on whether mindfulness is effective for treating burnout in occupational therapy practitioners. PMID:26943107

  11. Boiling and burnout phenomena under transient heat input, 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to simulate the thermo-hydrodynamic conditions at reactor power excursions, a test piece was placed in a forced convective channel and heated with exponential power inputs. The boiling heat transfer and the burnout heat flux under the transient heat input were measured, and pressure and water temperature changes in the test section were recorded at the same time. Following experimental results were obtained; (1) Transient boiling heat transfer characteristics at high heat flux stayed on the stationary nucleate boiling curve of each flow condition, or extrapolated line of the curves. (2) Transient burnout heat flux increased remarkably with decreasing heating-time-constant, when the flow rate was lower and the subcooling was higher. (3) Transient burnout phenomena were expressed with the relation of (q sub(max) - q sub(sBO)) tau = constant at several flow conditions. This relation was derived from the stationary burnout mechanism of pool boiling. (auth.)

  12. Boiling and burnout phenomena under transient heat input, 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports in the experimental results concerning unsteady burnout phenomenon, based on unsteady boiling heat transfer data, burnout heat flux data and the data of changing pressure and water temperature in course of time. These data were acquired by unsteady heating of gas-liquid two phase flow. This experiment simulated the thermohydrodynamic conditions under the runaway power of a nuclear reactor. The following results have been clarified. The boiling with high heat flux showed the same heat transfer characteristics as the steady nuclear boiling curves under each flow condition. Under the conditions of low flow speed and high sub-cool degree, the unsteady burnout heat flux showed the extreme increase of the maximum heat flux owing to the shortening of the time constant. The generation of unsteady burnout phenomena is dominated by two phase flow conditions and by bubble behavior near the heat transfer surface owing to the change of heating conditions and flow conditions. (Tai, I.)

  13. Viewpoint 1. Superbaby Syndrome Can Lead to Elementary School Burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elkind, David

    1987-01-01

    Maintains that there is a danger that prekindergarten and kindergarten children may experience learning problems (stress and "educational burnout") in elementary school if they are exposed to developmentally inappropriate teaching methods in early childhood programs. (BB)

  14. Investigating Occupational Commitment and Turnover Intention Relationship with Burnout Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aydem Ciftcioglu

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates burnout components impact on accountant’s occupational commitment and occupational turnover intention interaction. The data used in this study was taken from randomly selected 162 accountants who are the members of Istanbul Chambers of Certified Public Accountants (ICCPA. The results reveal that only emotional exhaustion component of burnout has partial mediating effect between affective occupational commitment and occupational turnover intention.

  15. Emotional exhaustion and burnout among medical professors; a nationwide survey

    OpenAIRE

    Tijdink, Joeri K; Vergouwen, Anton CM; Smulders, Yvo M.

    2014-01-01

    Background Although job-related burnout and its core feature emotional exhaustion are common among medical professionals and compromise job satisfaction and professional performance, they have never been systematically studied in medical professors, who have central positions in academic medicine. Methods We performed an online nationwide survey inviting all 1206 medical professors in The Netherlands to participate. They were asked to fill out the Maslach Burnout Inventory, a ‘professional en...

  16. The relationship between burnout and mental health among nurses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdi masooleh F

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Burnout is one of the most important factors in reduced productivity in organizations and involves physical and mental signs, especially in the human service professions. The role of nurses in the healthcare system is vital and motivation to ensure health security is extremely important. We carried out this research to examine the relationship between burnout and mental health in the nursing staff of educational hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences.Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted among 200 nurses selected via probable multistage sampling. We used three instruments in this study: 1 demographic questionnaire 2 General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28 and 3 Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI.Results: On the whole, using the MBI subscale, we found low levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization and high levels of reduced sense of personal accomplishment, both in frequency and intensity. The prevalence of symptomatic samples in the GHQ-28 was 43%, and two variables, burnout and poor mental health, were related (p<0.001. Burnout was to be related to gender, age and years of work. The correlation between poor mental health and years of work as well as hours of work in a week were significant. Conclusions: Our results suggest that there is a strong correlation between poor mental health and burnout. Furthermore, the prevalence of symptomatic samples detected in our study using the GHQ-28 was much higher than that reported in studies of the general population. The high prevalence of symptomatic samples and high prevalence of burnout in the dimension of self accomplishment, especially in younger nurses, combined with the strong correlation between poor mental health and burnout all show that care should be taken to improve the stressful conditions that nurses face.

  17. Burnout Among the Clinical Dental Students in the Jordanian Universities

    OpenAIRE

    Amin, Wala Majid; Al-Ali, Muna H.; Duaibis, Ramzi B.; Oweis, Tamara; Badran, Darwish H.

    2009-01-01

    Background The study aimed to evaluate the level of burnout among the clinical dental students in two Jordanian universities. Methods A total of 307 students from the two schools were surveyed using Maslach Burnout Inventory survey. Scores for the inventory’s subscales were calculated and the mean values for the students’ groups were computed separately. Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests were carried out and the results were compared at 95% confidence level. Results The results showed tha...

  18. The Relationship between Academic Procrastination and Students' Burnout

    OpenAIRE

    BALKIS, Murat

    2013-01-01

    In this study, the relationships between academic procrastination, students’ burnout and academic achievement are investigated. The participants comprised 323 students who were enrolled in the different major fields at the Faculty of Education in the Pamukkale University. The ages of respondents varied from 17 to 31. In this study, Aitken Procrastination Inventory, Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey and Personal Information Form were used to gather data. Results from correlation analyse...

  19. Feelings of Existential Fulfilment and Burnout Among Secondary School Teachers

    OpenAIRE

    Loonstra, B.; Brouwers, A.; Tomic, W.

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Teacher burnout is recognized as a serious problem. In research it has been related to many person-specific variables; one of these, the variable of existential fulfilment, has received very little attention thus far. The present study focuses on the relationship between existential fulfilment and burnout among secondary school teachers in the Netherlands (N = 504). Existential fulfilment was made operational by means of the Existential Fulfilment Scale, which distinguishes between t...

  20. Burnout and work engagement among South African psychologists / B. Roothman

    OpenAIRE

    Roothman, Brett

    2010-01-01

    Although numerous and divergent stressors are inherent to the professional life of a psychologist, research regarding burnout and its antipode, work engagement in psychologists is sparse. The current research sought to investigate the nature of and the relationship between job demands, job resources, burnout and work engagement in a group of South African psychologists. The Job Demand-Resources (JD-R) model was employed as the foundation from which to understand and explain the process of...

  1. Burnout, Job Satisfaction, and Medical Malpractice among Physicians

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Kuan-Yu; Yang, Che-Ming; Lien, Che-Hui; Chiou, Hung-Yi; Lin, Mau-Roung; Chang, Hui-Ru; Chiu, Wen-Ta

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: Our objective was to estimate the incidence of recent burnout in a large sample of Taiwanese physicians and analyze associations with job related satisfaction and medical malpractice experience. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional survey. Physicians were asked to fill out a questionnaire that included demographic information, practice characteristics, burnout, medical malpractice experience, job satisfaction, and medical error experience. There are about 2% of total physicians...

  2. Burnout, depression and suicidal ideation in dental students

    OpenAIRE

    Galán, Fernando; Ríos Santos, José Vicente; Polo Padillo, Juan; Rios Carrasco, Blanca; Bullón, Pedro

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: To investigate the prevalence, gender influence, and relationships between burnout, depression and suicidal ideation within the last year among second, fourth and fifth-year dental students. Study Design: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 212 dental students enrolled in the second, fourth and fifth years at the School of Dentistry of Seville using the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey and the MBI-Human Services Survey, the “Patient Health Questionnaire-2”, and the ...

  3. Burnout en profesores: Una perspectiva social del intercambio

    OpenAIRE

    Schaufeli, Wilmar B.

    2005-01-01

    This article proposes a theoretical perspective on teacher burnout that is based on the principles of social exchange. More specifically, it is argued that burnout results from a lack of reciprocity; that is, from a mismatch between investments and outcomes. Typically, burned-out teachers have given too much long and received too little too late. According to social exchange theory, lack of reciprocity may develop at three levels: at the interpersonal level in the relationships with students,...

  4. Averting Burnout in Academia; Parenting as Lightning Rod

    OpenAIRE

    Heijstra, Thamar Melanie, 1981-

    2014-01-01

    The academic profession is characterised by autonomy and flexibility but also by a competitive work atmosphere and high workload, which makes it a perfect breeding ground for burnout. Foreign studies have shown burnout rates among academics up to 20 per cent. As for its permeable boundaries, academics have called working in academia a lifestyle rather than a profession. In Iceland it is uncommon to delay or forgo family formation because of career making, even though discourses on work-family...

  5. Cortisol levels, burnout and engagement in university employees

    OpenAIRE

    Ortiz-Valdés, Juan A.; Vega-Michel, Claudia

    2009-01-01

    People’s psychological relationship with work can be conceptualized as a continuum ranging from negative experiences of professional burnout to positive experiences, known as engagement. A retrospective ex post facto study was carried out for the purpose of exploring and measuring the degree of relation of professional burnout and job engagement to cortisol levels and the filing of claims for medical costs among university employees. One hundred ninety-nine subjects participated. A weak posit...

  6. SPECIFIC PROFESSIONAL BURNOUT IN THE EXAMPLE ACTING PROFESSION

    OpenAIRE

    Shestakova K.N.

    2012-01-01

    There are features of burnout peculiar to certain professions, such as the nature of the work performed, the amount of communication in professional activities, the specific subject of employment, etc. This article discusses the specifics of the acting profession, stress factors of professional activities that may contribute to professional burnout actors. These include lack of demand for professional, complex organizational structures and multi-level communication in the process of working o...

  7. Life stress as potential risk factor for depression and burnout

    OpenAIRE

    T. Plieger; Melchers, M.; Montag, C.; Meermann, R; Reuter, M.

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Depression and burnout are two psychopathological labels that have been subject to an extensive discussion over the last decades. The crucial question is whether they can be seen as conceptually equal or as two distinct syndromes. One argument for the distinction is that depression impacts on the whole life of a suffering person whereas burnout is restricted to the job context. Depression has been shown to be affected by life stress. The more stressful life events a person experien...

  8. Nurses’ Job satisfaction and Burnout : Is there a Connection?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rheajane Aguilar Rosales

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Burnout associated with stress has been documented in healthcare professionals including nurses and is considered as one of the potential hazards occurring among individuals who do “people work” (Cherniss, 1980. This study aimed to determine the level of job satisfaction and burnout among nurses in three government hospitals of Samar, Philippines. Descriptive-correlational method of research was utilized to all (48 regular nurses in three Government Hospitals of Western Samar, Philippines. Job Satisfaction Survey (JSS by Pul E. Spector, and Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI by Cristina Maslach were administered to the respondents. Findings indicated that respondents experienced a moderate level of burnout and claimed to be slightly unsatisfied with their job. The highest scored subscale on the JSS was the Nature of the Work (m = 3.97 while the lowest scored subscale was the Fringe Benefit (m = 2.40. Findings revealed that the highest ranked subscale on the MBI was the Emotional Exhaustion (m = 3.28.  On the other hand, Depersonalization subscale was the lowest scored subscale with a mean of 2.74. Analyses also showed that there is a significant relationship between the respondent’s level of burnout and their level of Job Satisfaction. The result showed a statistically significant relationship between the nurse-respondents level of burnout and their level of job satisfaction which may affect on the quality of care given to their patients. Thus, proper measures must be made to prevent and manage nurses’ burnout. Furthermore, it proposed a job enrichment program to increase the level of job satisfaction and prevent burnout.

  9. Nurses’ Job satisfaction and Burnout : Is there a Connection?

    OpenAIRE

    Rheajane Aguilar Rosales; Gilbey Lao Rosales; Leodoro Jabien Labrague

    2013-01-01

    Burnout associated with stress has been documented in healthcare professionals including nurses and is considered as one of the potential hazards occurring among individuals who do “people work” (Cherniss, 1980). This study aimed to determine the level of job satisfaction and burnout among nurses in three government hospitals of Samar, Philippines. Descriptive-correlational method of research was utilized to all (48) regular nurses in three Government Hospitals of Western Samar, Philippines. ...

  10. The Evaluation of Burnout Levels of Sports Sciences Faculty Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kocaeksi, Serdar

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this research is to evaluate the burnout levels of sports sciences faculty students in terms of some other variables. 46 Female (Age, M: 20.88 ± 1.86) and 107 male (Age, M: 22.15 ± 2.15) in total 153 students participated in this research. Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Form (MBI-SF) was used for data collection. Descriptive…

  11. Factors associated with burnout among residents in a developing country

    OpenAIRE

    Zubairi, Akbar Jaleel; Noordin, Shahryar

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Recent literature has focused on burnout as a specific job related distress syndrome among physicians and residents having adverse effects on patient care. Local data on burnout is lacking. Materials & methods An online self-administered questionnaire was sent via email to all residents (325) at our institute with and a response rate of 110 (34%) was achieved. Out of these 82 residents consented and completely filled the questionnaires and were included in the analysis. The quest...

  12. Healthcare Staff Wellbeing, Burnout, and Patient Safety: A Systematic Review

    OpenAIRE

    Hall, L.; Johnson, J; Watts, I; Tsipa, A; O'Connor, D

    2016-01-01

    Objective To determine whether there is an association between healthcare professionals’ wellbeing and burnout, with patient safety. Design Systematic research review. Data Sources PsychInfo (1806 to July 2015), Medline (1946 to July 2015), Embase (1947 to July 2015) and Scopus (1823 to July 2015) were searched, along with reference lists of eligible articles. Eligibility Criteria for Selecting Studies Quantitative, empirical studies that included i) either a measure of wellbeing or burnout, ...

  13. Stress, Burnout and Coping Strategies in Preclinical Medical Students

    OpenAIRE

    Jawad Fares; Hayat Al Tabosh; Zein Saadeddin; Christopher El Mouhayyar; Hussam Aridi

    2016-01-01

    It is acknowledged that physicians do not seek the same expert aid for themselves as they would offer their patients. In their preclinical years, medical students appear to espouse comparable behavior. To many, medicine is described as a never-ending path that places the student under heavy stress and burnout from the beginning, leaving him/her vulnerable and with insufficient coping methods. Hence, the objective of this study is to 1) explore the prevalence of stress and burnout among precli...

  14. Twelve-hour shifts: burnout or job satisfaction?

    OpenAIRE

    Dall'Ora, C.; Griffiths, P; Ball, J.

    2016-01-01

    Job satisfaction and burnout in the nursing workforce are global concerns. Not only do job satisfaction and burnout affect the quality and safety of care, but job satisfaction is also a factor in nurses’ decisions to stay or leave their jobs. Shift patterns may be an important aspect influencing wellbeing and satisfaction among nurses. Many hospitals worldwide are moving to 12-hour shifts in an effort to improve efficiency and cope with nursing shortages. But what is the effect of these work ...

  15. Factors associated with burnout among residents in a developing country

    OpenAIRE

    Akbar Jaleel Zubairi; Shahryar Noordin

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Recent literature has focused on burnout as a specific job related distress syndrome among physicians and residents having adverse effects on patient care. Local data on burnout is lacking. Materials & methods: An online self-administered questionnaire was sent via email to all residents (325) at our institute with and a response rate of 110 (34%) was achieved. Out of these 82 residents consented and completely filled the questionnaires and were included in the analysis. The ...

  16. The Interrelationships of Coping Styles and Professional Burnout Among Physiotherapists

    OpenAIRE

    Nowakowska-Domagala, Katarzyna; Jablkowska-Górecka, Karolina; Kostrzanowska-Jarmakowska, Lilianna; Mortoń, Marta; Stecz, Patryk

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Burnout is a pathological syndrome in which emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalization (DEP), and a reduced sense of personal accomplishment (PA) develop in response to prolonged occupational stress. Those working in the physiotherapy profession appear to be at risk for professional burnout brought on by the specific character of the medical professions, involving continuous contact with patients and associated stress, as well as poor working conditions. However, literature data co...

  17. BURNOUT MIDWIVES WORKING IN NEONATAL INTESIVE CARE UNIT

    OpenAIRE

    Nanou, Christina; Gourounti, Kleanthi; Palaska, Ermioni; Mallidou, Anastasia; Sarantaki, Antigoni

    2015-01-01

    Abstract  Introduction: The considerably low proportion of midwives in closed wards in Greek hospitals in combination with the highly stressful environment may lead to burnout syndrome (BS).  Aim: It was to explore burnout syndrome (BS) that experience midwives working in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU) and the factors associated with its' occurrence.  Methods: The sample studied consisted of midwives working in Νeonatal Intensive Care Unit in hospitals ...

  18. Burnout syndrome among employees of the company THOME Lighting

    OpenAIRE

    Opltová, Daniela

    2015-01-01

    This bachelor thesis focuses on the employee burnout syndrome at the production department of the company THOME Lighting. The substance of the thesis is the determination of, whether the employees are at risk for the burnout syndrome, or if they already have it. The theoretical part deals with the description of the syndrome, its symptoms, risk factors, individual phases, prevention and treatment. Further, the practical part summarizes the research solutions. For the research I chose the ques...

  19. Correlation between workplace and occupational burnout syndrome in nurses

    OpenAIRE

    Omid Ahmadi; Reza Azizkhani; Monem Basravi

    2014-01-01

    Background: This study was conducted to determine the effect of nurses′ workplace on burnout syndrome among nurses working in Isfahan′s Alzahra Hospital as a reference and typical university affiliated hospital, in 2010. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 100 nurses were randomly selected among those working in emergency, orthopedic, dialysis wards and intensive care unit (ICU). Required data on determination of occupational burnout rate among the nurses of these wards ...

  20. The Relationship between Teachers' Occupational Professionalism and Burnout

    OpenAIRE

    ÇELİK, Mustafa; Kürşad YILMAZ

    2015-01-01

    In this study, it was aimed to determine the relationship between teachers’ occupational professionalism and burnout. The study was designed in the survey model. The sample of the study is consisted of 358 teachers in the city center of Kütahya. The study data was collected The Occupational Professionalism Scale of Teachers and The Maslach Burnout Inventory. In the study, descriptive statistics, t-test for comparisons and one way variance analysis, and Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coeff...

  1. Stress and Burnout among multidisciplinary residents Estrés y Burnout entre residentes multiprofesionales Estresse e Burnout entre residentes multiprofissionais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura de Azevedo Guido

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To identify associations between high-stress and burnout syndrome in multidisciplinary residents from a federal university in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. METHOD: This is an analytical, cross-sectional and quantitative study. A socio-demographic questionnaire, the Work Stress Scale and the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Health Services Survey (MBI-HSS were applied to 37 residents between April and June 2011. P-valuesOBJETIVO: Identificar la asociación entre alto estrés y Burnout en residentes Multiprofesionales de una universidad federal de Rio Grande do Sul. MÉTODO: se trata de un estudio analítico, transversal, cuantitativo. Se aplicaron un formulario de datos socio-demográficos, la Escala de Estrés en el Trabajo y el Maslach Burnout Inventory- Health Services en 37 residentes entre Abril y Junio de 2011. Valores de pOBJETIVO: identificar a associação entre alto estresse e Burnout em residentes multiprofissionais de uma universidade federal do Rio Grande do Sul. MÉTODO: trata-se de estudo analítico, transversal, quantitativo. Aplicaram-se um formulário de dados socio demográficos, a Escala de Estresse no Trabalho e o Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS em 37 residentes entre abril e junho de 2011. Valores de p<0,05 foram considerados estatisticamente significativos. RESULTADOS: verificou-se que 48,65% de residentes apresentavam alto estresse. Na associação das subescalas do MBI, 27% dos residentes apresentaram indicativo para síndrome de Burnout. Observou-se correlação estatisticamente significativa (p=0,00; r= 0,68 entre alto estresse e Burnout. CONCLUSÕES: confirmou-se o alto estresse como preditor da síndrome de Burnout entre os residentes multiprofissionais. Assim, propõe-se a realização de estudos com delineamento interventivo para que essa realidade seja modificada.

  2. Risk of Burnout in Danish GPs and Exploration of Factors Associated with Development of Burnout: A Two-Wave Panel Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anette Fischer Pedersen

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. We assessed risk of burnout in GPs during a 7-year followup and examined whether (1 thoughts about changing medical specialty increased the risk of burnout and (2 burned out GPs had higher job turnover rates than burnout-free GPs. Methods. In 2004 and 2012, all GPs in the county of Aarhus, Denmark, were invited to participate in a survey. Retirement status of physicians who participated in 2004 was obtained through the Registry of Health Providers in 2012. Results. 216 GPs completed both surveys. The risk of developing burnout during the 7-year followup was 13.2% (8.2–19.6%. GPs who in 2004 were burnout-free and reported that they would not select general practice as medical specialty again had a statistically significant increased risk of burnout in 2012 (OR = 4.5; 95% CI = 1.2–16.5; P=0.023. Among GPs with burnout in 2004, 25.0% had withdrawn from general practice during followup compared to 28.8% of burnout-free GPs in 2004 (adj. OR = 0.99; 95% CI = 0.48–2.02; P=0.975. Conclusion. The 7-year incidence of burnout was 13%. Thoughts about changing medical specialty were an important predictor of burnout. Burned out GPs had not higher job turnover rates than burnout-free GPs.

  3. Stress, Burnout and Coping Strategies in Preclinical Medical Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fares, Jawad; Al Tabosh, Hayat; Saadeddin, Zein; El Mouhayyar, Christopher; Aridi, Hussam

    2016-02-01

    It is acknowledged that physicians do not seek the same expert aid for themselves as they would offer their patients. In their preclinical years, medical students appear to espouse comparable behavior. To many, medicine is described as a never-ending path that places the student under heavy stress and burnout from the beginning, leaving him/her vulnerable and with insufficient coping methods. Hence, the objective of this study is to 1) explore the prevalence of stress and burnout among preclinical medical students, and 2) propose solutions to decrease stress and burnout and improve medical education in the preclinical years. A detailed scholarly research strategy using Google Scholar, Scopus, Embase, MEDLINE and PubMed was implemented to highlight key themes that are relevant to preclinical medical students' stress and burnout. Stress varied among different samples of medical students and ranged between 20.9% and 90%. Conversely, burnout ranged between 27% and 75%. Methods that help in reducing the incidence of stress and burnout by promoting strategies that focus on personal engagement, extracurricular activities, positive reinterpretation and expression of emotion, student-led mentorship programs, evaluation systems, career counseling and life coaching should be adopted. PMID:27042604

  4. Learned Resourcefulness and Burnout Levels of English Teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gülten Genç

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between some individual characteristics, learned resourcefulness and burn out on the one hand and the relationships between burn out and learned resourcefulness on the other. The participants in this research included 163 English teachers teaching in the schools located in Malatya. The participants were asked to anonymously fill out a questionnaire involving three parts which respectively investigated their background, burnout level and learned resourcefulness (Rosenbaum’s Learned Resourcefulness Scale and Maslach Burnout Inventory. The findings indicated that more than half of the teachers possess moderately high level of learned resourcefulness and they are experiencing burnout at moderate level in three aspects of MBI. In addition, the analysis suggested an inverse relationship between learned resourcefulness and the three burnout subscales: as learned resourcefulness increases, emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and lack of personal accomplishment decrease. Furthermore; the independent variables (age, gender, and marital status were not found to be significant in learned resourcefulness and any of the burnout dimensions. “The school type” is the only variable which was found to be significant in the three burnout sub-dimensions. Results are discussed in the light of current literature and suggestions were provided.

  5. A burnout prediction model based around char morphology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tao Wu; Edward Lester; Michael Cloke [University of Nottingham, Nottingham (United Kingdom). School of Chemical, Environmental and Mining Engineering

    2006-05-15

    Several combustion models have been developed that can make predictions about coal burnout and burnout potential. Most of these kinetic models require standard parameters such as volatile content and particle size to make a burnout prediction. This article presents a new model called the char burnout (ChB) model, which also uses detailed information about char morphology in its prediction. The input data to the model is based on information derived from two different image analysis techniques. One technique generates characterization data from real char samples, and the other predicts char types based on characterization data from image analysis of coal particles. The pyrolyzed chars in this study were created in a drop tube furnace operating at 1300{sup o}C, 200 ms, and 1% oxygen. Modeling results were compared with a different carbon burnout kinetic model as well as the actual burnout data from refiring the same chars in a drop tube furnace operating at 1300{sup o}C, 5% oxygen, and residence times of 200, 400, and 600 ms. A good agreement between ChB model and experimental data indicates that the inclusion of char morphology in combustion models could well improve model predictions. 38 refs., 5 figs., 6 tabs.

  6. Psychometric properties of the Burnout Inventory for Referees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Regina Ferreira Brandão

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the Burnout Inventory for Referees (BIR in Portuguese in a sample of professional soccer referees and to explore the nomological validity of the inventory through concurrent validation. The analysis showed a factorial structure of burnout for the referees with one second order factor and three first order factors; physical and emotional exhaustion, reduced sense of accomplishment and sport devaluation. A cross-validation procedure showed that the factor structure was replicable, and the inventory demonstrated internal reliability as well as convergent and discriminant validity. In addition, the study assessed the concurrent validity of the inventory by examining the correlation between the scores of the Burnout Inventory for Referees and the scores of the Profile of Mood States (POMS. The subscales of burnout and total burnout were positively correlated with tension, depression, anger, fatigue and confusion and negatively with vigor, as expected. In conclusion, the Portuguese version of BIR presents good evidence of validity and reliability in the assessment of referees who may be at risk of suffering from burnout.

  7. Stress, Burnout and Coping Strategies in Preclinical Medical Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fares, Jawad; Al Tabosh, Hayat; Saadeddin, Zein; El Mouhayyar, Christopher; Aridi, Hussam

    2016-01-01

    It is acknowledged that physicians do not seek the same expert aid for themselves as they would offer their patients. In their preclinical years, medical students appear to espouse comparable behavior. To many, medicine is described as a never-ending path that places the student under heavy stress and burnout from the beginning, leaving him/her vulnerable and with insufficient coping methods. Hence, the objective of this study is to 1) explore the prevalence of stress and burnout among preclinical medical students, and 2) propose solutions to decrease stress and burnout and improve medical education in the preclinical years. A detailed scholarly research strategy using Google Scholar, Scopus, Embase, MEDLINE and PubMed was implemented to highlight key themes that are relevant to preclinical medical students’ stress and burnout. Stress varied among different samples of medical students and ranged between 20.9% and 90%. Conversely, burnout ranged between 27% and 75%. Methods that help in reducing the incidence of stress and burnout by promoting strategies that focus on personal engagement, extracurricular activities, positive reinterpretation and expression of emotion, student-led mentorship programs, evaluation systems, career counseling and life coaching should be adopted. PMID:27042604

  8. Stress, burnout and coping strategies in preclinical medical students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jawad Fares

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available It is acknowledged that physicians do not seek the same expert aid for themselves as they would offer their patients. In their preclinical years, medical students appear to espouse comparable behavior. To many, medicine is described as a never-ending path that places the student under heavy stress and burnout from the beginning, leaving him/her vulnerable and with insufficient coping methods. Hence, the objective of this study is to 1 explore the prevalence of stress and burnout among preclinical medical students, and 2 propose solutions to decrease stress and burnout and improve medical education in the preclinical years. A detailed scholarly research strategy using Google Scholar, Scopus, Embase, MEDLINE and PubMed was implemented to highlight key themes that are relevant to preclinical medical students′ stress and burnout. Stress varied among different samples of medical students and ranged between 20.9% and 90%. Conversely, burnout ranged between 27% and 75%. Methods that help in reducing the incidence of stress and burnout by promoting strategies that focus on personal engagement, extracurricular activities, positive reinterpretation and expression of emotion, student-led mentorship programs, evaluation systems, career counseling and life coaching should be adopted.

  9. Multidimensional Perfectionism and Burnout: A Meta-Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Andrew P; Curran, Thomas

    2016-08-01

    A meta-analysis of research examining the relationships between multidimensional perfectionism and burnout is provided. In doing so, relationships before and after controlling for the relationship between dimensions of perfectionism were examined along with whether relationships were moderated by domain (work, sport, or education). A literature search yielded 43 studies (N = 9,838) and 663 effect sizes. Meta-analysis using random-effects models revealed that perfectionistic strivings had small negative or non-significant relationships with overall burnout and symptoms of burnout. By contrast, perfectionistic concerns displayed medium-to-large and medium positive relationships with overall burnout and symptoms of burnout. After controlling for the relationship between dimensions of perfectionism, "pure" perfectionistic strivings displayed notably larger negative relationships. In terms of moderation, in some cases, perfectionistic strivings were less adaptive and perfectionistic concerns more maladaptive in the work domain. Future research should examine explanatory mechanisms, adopt longitudinal designs, and develop interventions to reduce perfectionistic concerns fueled burnout. PMID:26231736

  10. Burnout in radiation therapists: the predictive value of selected stressors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: As cancer caregivers, radiation therapists experience a variety of stresses that may develop into burnout, which has been demonstrated to impact patient care, employee health, and organizational effectiveness. The purpose of the study was to assess the levels of radiation therapists' burnout at three stages. Additionally, the ability of selected workplace variables to predict each of the three stages of burnout was examined. Methods and Materials: We used descriptive and inferential statistical analyses on reliable and valid instruments, which measured stress, burnout, and social support. Results: Radiation therapists have high levels of the first two stages of burnout: emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. Although personal stress, organizational stress, guidance, reassurance of worth, and work load predicted 50% or more of the variance in emotional exhaustion and depersonalization, their predictive ability for personal accomplishment was low. Conclusion: Efforts to alleviate burnout among radiation therapists within an organization should have positive effects, including increased quality of patient care, improved quality of work life, higher levels of job satisfaction, and commitment and lower staff turnover

  11. Experimental and simulation studies of neutron-induced single-event burnout in SiC power diodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shoji, Tomoyuki; Nishida, Shuichi; Hamada, Kimimori; Tadano, Hiroshi

    2014-01-01

    Neutron-induced single-event burnouts (SEBs) of silicon carbide (SiC) power diodes have been investigated by white neutron irradiation experiments and transient device simulations. It was confirmed that a rapid increase in lattice temperature leads to formation of crown-shaped aluminum and cracks inside the device owing to expansion stress when the maximum lattice temperature reaches the sublimation temperature. SEB device simulation indicated that the peak lattice temperature is located in the vicinity of the n-/n+ interface and anode contact, and that the positions correspond to a hammock-like electric field distribution caused by the space charge effect. Moreover, the locations of the simulated peak lattice temperature agree closely with the positions of the observed destruction traces. Furthermore, it was theoretically demonstrated that the period of temperature increase of a SiC power device is two orders of magnitude less than that of a Si power device, using a thermal diffusion equation.

  12. Measuring professional burnout in Dutch-speaking regions : An evaluation of the factorial validity of the Maslach Burnout Inventory

    OpenAIRE

    Stijn Vanheule; Yves Rosseel; Stefan Bogaerts

    2005-01-01

    Professional burnout among professionals in human services has usually been studied by making use of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). Using confirmatory factor analysis, the present study evaluates the factorial validity of the three versions of this scale that are available for Dutch-speaking regions (the full version with 22 items, a version with 20 items and a version with 16 items). The sample consisted of 995 Flemish special educators. The version of the MBI with 16 items proved to b...

  13. An investigation about learning burnout in medical college students and its influencing factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Ling

    2014-03-01

    Conclusion: Learning burnout in students is of a moderate level. We should help and guide students according to their profession, grade, learning characteristics, and whether they have existing attributional style problems; these interventions should help to reduce learning burnout.

  14. Determinants and Correlates of Faculty Burn-out in U.S. Research Universities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neumann, Yoram; Finaly-Neumann, Edith

    1991-01-01

    Examines relationships between support variables (work significance, collegiality, and chairperson's support) and indicators of research university faculty burnout (emotional exhaustion and feeling of personal accomplishment) and between burnout indicators and potential consequences. Support indicators are the most influential determinants of…

  15. The effects of hazardous working conditions on burnout in Macau nurses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sydney X. Hu

    2015-03-01

    Conclusions: Workplace environmental hazards increased the risk of burnout amongst clinical nurses in Macau. Better management of these factors may help to protect nursing staff and reduce the risk of burnout and attrition from the nursing profession.

  16. The syndrome of burnout, self-image, and anxiety with grammar school students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Branko Slivar

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with certain characteristics of the teenagers experiencing burnout and the influence of some dimensions of self image and anxiety on the burnout dimensions. The research investigated the relation between anxiety, dimensions of self image and the burnout syndrome. The research data were obtained through the use of the modified MBI - "The Maslach Burnout Inventory", Spielbergs' questionnaire of trait anxiety and Offer Self-Imagination Questionnaire. The research comprised 1868 students aged between 15 and 19 6.7 percent of them turned out to have suffered a strong burnout. The results of the research proved that the burnout syndrome appears in several different levels of intensity also among adolescents attending secondary school (gymnasia programme. True multivariate research the two basic hypotheses were confirmed: the adolescents with some negative self image areas are more likely to suffer burnout and that there is the certain dimensions of self image influence certain dimensions of burnout.

  17. Job burnout is associated with dysfunctions in brain mechanisms of voluntary and involuntary attention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sokka, Laura; Leinikka, Marianne; Korpela, Jussi; Henelius, Andreas; Ahonen, Lauri; Alain, Claude; Alho, Kimmo; Huotilainen, Minna

    2016-05-01

    Individuals with job burnout symptoms often report having cognitive difficulties, but related electrophysiological studies are scarce. We assessed the impact of burnout on performing a visual task with varying memory loads, and on involuntary attention switch to distractor sounds using scalp recordings of event-related potentials (ERPs). Task performance was comparable between burnout and control groups. The distractor sounds elicited a P3a response, which was reduced in the burnout group. This suggests burnout-related deficits in processing novel and potentially important events during task performance. In the burnout group, we also observed a decrease in working-memory related P3b responses over posterior scalp and increase over frontal areas. These results suggest that burnout is associated with deficits in cognitive control needed to monitor and update information in working memory. Successful task performance in burnout might require additional recruitment of anterior regions to compensate the decrement in posterior activity. PMID:26926255

  18. Reactivity and burnout of wood fuels

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dall'Ora, Michelangelo

    reactivity. Char yield from fast pyrolysis (104 – 105 K/s) was as low as 1 to 6 % on a dry ash free basis, whereas it was about 15-17 % for slow pyrolysis (10 - 20 K/min); char yield decreased as pyrolysis temperature increased. During fast pyrolysis wood particles underwent melting, yet to different extents....... Fast pyrolysis chars were significantly more reactive than slow pyrolysis chars (for the same activation energy, the pre-exponential factor was up to 2 orders of magnitude greater for chars increased. The amount and composition of the ash forming matter of the wood fuels is believed to play an......This thesis deals with the combustion of wood in pulverised fuel power plants. In this type of boiler, the slowest step in the wood conversion process is char combustion, which is one of the factors that not only determine the degree of fuel burnout, but also affect the heat release profile in the...

  19. Consolidarea relațiilor interpersonale pozitive la locul de muncă: antidot pentru burnout

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CORALIA SULEA

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Burnout is an important phenomenon for organizations and employees associated with negative outcomes. Key organizational areas, like fairness and workplace community, are responsible for employee burnout. This editorial argues for the importance of workplace community and presents the mechanisms through which dysfunctional relationships at work may contribute to burnout, as well as the processes that explain how healthy interpersonal relationships can be an antidote for burnout.

  20. Serving up the self: Role identity and burnout in client service environments

    OpenAIRE

    Carly Steyn; J.J. de Klerk

    2015-01-01

    Orientation: Whilst the limited investigations into the relationship between identity and burnout have made an important contribution to our understanding of the development of burnout, further research is required to gain a deeper understanding of how the processes associated with the construction and enactment of a specific identity could contribute to burnout amongst client service employees. Research purpose: The purpose of this research was to explore whether levels of burnout amongst c...

  1. The Effect of Mobbing on Burnout Syndrome at Workplace: An Application on Health Staff in Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    Ayça Hatice Türkan; İbrahim Kılıç

    2015-01-01

    People feel themselves inadequte, desperate and have problem of social isolation as a result of mobbing and occupational burnout in working places. Thus it threats life, health and productivity of people. Mobbing and occupational burnout are common problems in health sector. The aim of this study was to determine the levels of mobbing and occupational burnout of health staffand to reveal the influence of m obbing on occupational burnout. As the way ...

  2. Reducing workplace burnout: the relative benefits of cardiovascular and resistance exercise

    OpenAIRE

    Rachel Judith Bretland; Einar Baldvin Thorsteinsson

    2015-01-01

    Objectives. The global burden of burnout cost is in excess of $300 billion annually. Locally, just under half of working Australians experience high levels of occupational burnout. Consequently, burnout interventions are paramount to organisational productivity. Exercise has the potential to provide a multilevel and cost effective burnout intervention. The current study aims to extend the literature by comparing cardiovascular with resistance exercise to assess their relative effectiveness ag...

  3. Is it Time to Consider the “Burnout Syndrome” A Distinct Illness?

    OpenAIRE

    Bianchi, Renzo; Schonfeld, Irvin Sam; Laurent, Eric

    2015-01-01

    The “burnout syndrome” has been defined as a combination of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment caused by chronic occupational stress. Although there has been increasing medical interest in burnout over the last decades, it is argued in this paper that the syndrome cannot be elevated to the status of diagnostic category, based on (1) an analysis of the genesis of the burnout construct, (2) a review of the latest literature on burnout-depression overlap...

  4. Empirical evidence for a relationship between narcissistic personality traits and job burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Kathleen Schwarzkopf; Doris Straus; Hildburg Porschke; Hansjörg Znoj; Nathalie Conrad; Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss; Roland von Känel

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The relationship between burnout and depression has been a major focus of burnout research, but personality factors might be equally important. Largely based on theoretical grounds, narcissism has repeatedly been proposed to contribute to burnout. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine empirically the relationship between burnout and narcissism. Methods: We investigated 723 consecutive in-patients, aged between 22 and 80 years (51.2% female), at a hospital specialized ...

  5. Emotional labour and burnout among public middle school teachers in South Korea

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Youngmi

    2016-01-01

    The severity of teachers’ emotional labour and burnout has become more significant recently; however, only a limited number of researches have examined the relationship between emotional requirements and burnout of teachers. This study aims (1) to investigate the level of emotional labour, emotional consonance, and burnout among South Korean middle school teachers, and (2) to explore the relationship of burnout with emotional labour and emotional consonance. This study was conducted in a samp...

  6. Demographics and Personality Factors Associated with Burnout among Nurses in a Singapore Tertiary Hospital

    OpenAIRE

    Shin Yuh Ang; Dhaliwal, Satvinder S.; Tracy Carol Ayre; Thendral Uthaman; Kuan Yok Fong; Choo Eng Tien; Huaqiong Zhou; Phillip Della

    2016-01-01

    Background. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence and extent of burnout among nurses in Singapore and investigate the influence of demographic factors and personal characteristics on the burnout syndrome. Methods. A cross-sectional survey design was adopted. All registered nurses working in Singapore General Hospital were approached to participate. A questionnaire eliciting data on demographics, burnout (measured using the Maslach Burnout Inventory, MBI), and personality profile...

  7. Is it time to consider the burnout syndrome a distinct illness?

    OpenAIRE

    Renzo eBianchi; Irvin Sam Schonfeld; Éric eLAURENT

    2015-01-01

    The burnout syndrome has been defined as a combination of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment caused by chronic occupational stress. Although there has been increasing medical interest in burnout over the last decades, it is argued in this paper that the syndrome cannot be elevated to the status of diagnostic category, based on (1) an analysis of the genesis of the burnout construct, (2) a review of the latest literature on burnout-depression overlap, ...

  8. Level of Workload and Its Relationship with Job Burnout among Administrative Staff

    OpenAIRE

    MANSOUR ZIAEI; HAMED YARMOHAMMADI; MEISAM MORADI; MOHAMMAD KHANDAN

    2015-01-01

    Burnout syndrome is a response to prolonged occupational stress. Workload is one of the organizational risk factors of burnout. With regards to the topic, there are no data on administrative employees’ burnout and workload in Iran. This study seeks to determine the levels of job burnout and their relationships with workload among administrative members of staff. Two hundred and forty two administrative staff from Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences [Iran] volunteered to participate in t...

  9. The syndrome of burnout, self-image, and anxiety with grammar school students:

    OpenAIRE

    Branko Slivar

    2001-01-01

    This article deals with certain characteristics of the teenagers experiencing burnout and the influence of some dimensions of self image and anxiety on the burnout dimensions. The research investigated the relation between anxiety, dimensions of self image and the burnout syndrome. The research data were obtained through the use of the modified MBI - "The Maslach Burnout Inventory", Spielbergs' questionnaire of trait anxiety and Offer Self-Imagination Questionnaire. The research comprised...

  10. The Burnout syndrome among members of the Fire Brigade of the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Tvrdková, Denisa

    2013-01-01

    This theoretical-empirical thesis discusses an issue of burnout among members of Fire Rescue Service of the Czech republic. The focus of theoretical part is given to the burnout syndrome, it's definition, risk factors, possible causes, it's gradual phases and diagnostic and measuring methods of the burnout syndrome. Further, the theses deals with possibilities of treatment of a burnout and preventive actions that could be taken on both sites of each employee and the organization. This is foll...

  11. Special Education Teacher Burnout: A Synthesis of Research from 1979 to 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunsting, Nelson C.; Sreckovic, Melissa A.; Lane, Kathleen Lynne

    2014-01-01

    Teacher burnout occurs when teachers undergoing stress for long periods of time experience emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and lack of personal accomplishment (Maslach, 2003). Outcomes associated with burnout include teacher attrition, teacher health issues, and negative student outcomes. Special educators are at high risk for burnout as…

  12. An Appraisal Perspective of Teacher Burnout: Examining the Emotional Work of Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Mei-Lin

    2009-01-01

    K-12 teaching is a profession characterized by high levels of burnout and emotional exhaustion. Teacher burnout has been widely reviewed and studied; however, only limited literature examines the emotional aspects of teachers' lives and its connection with teacher burnout. The purpose of this article is to review the literature on teacher burnout…

  13. Can a single question effectively screen for burnout in Australian cancer care workers?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Girgis Afaf

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Burnout has important clinical and professional implications among health care workers, with high levels of burnout documented in oncology staff. The aim of this study was to ascertain how well a brief single-item measure could be used to screen for burnout in the Australian oncology workforce. Methods During 2007, 1322 members of the Clinical Oncological Society of Australia were invited to participate in a cross-sectional nationwide survey; 740 (56% of eligible members consented and completed the survey. Data from the 638 consenting members who reported that their work involved direct patient contact were included in the secondary analyses reported in this paper. Burnout was assessed using the MBI Human Services Survey Emotional Exhaustion sub-scale and a single-item self-defined burnout scale. Results Emotional exhaustion was "high" in 33% of the sample when assessed by the psychometrically validated MBI. The single-item burnout measure identified 28% of the sample who classified themselves as "definitely burning out", "having persistent symptoms of burnout", or "completely burned out". MBI Emotional Exhaustion was significantly correlated with the single-item burnout measure (r = 0.68, p 2 of 0.5 (p Conclusions The moderate to high correlation between the single-item self-defined burnout measure and the emotional exhaustion component of burnout suggest that this single item can effectively screen for burnout in health care settings which are time-poor for assessing burnout more comprehensively.

  14. The Validity of the Teacher Burnout Scale for Use with Special Education Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, Bradley Caro

    2012-01-01

    Unique stressors can cause special education teachers to experience burnout at twice the rate of their peers in general education. The purpose of this study was to determine if the Teacher Burnout Scale (TBS) is able to accurately predict burnout in special education teachers even though it does not include items that reflect the unique factors…

  15. Using equity theory to examine the difference between burnout and depression

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bakker, AB; Schaufeli, WB; Demerouti, E; Janssen, PPM; Brouwer, J

    2000-01-01

    This study among a sample of 154 Dutch teachers examines the discriminant validity of burnout and depression, as measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), respectively. Confirmatory factor analyses show that burnout can be stat

  16. Philosophy of Music Education and the Burnout Syndrome: Female Viewpoints on a Male School World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kertz-Welzel, Alexandra

    2009-01-01

    Burnout is a risk for many music teachers, particularly the highly successful and effective teachers. Burnout is more than a personal feeling of discomfort or fatigue. It is an attack on professional efficiency and personal integrity. Burnout is affecting male and female music teachers in different ways, because women tend to react to stress in…

  17. The clinical utility of the Maslach Burnout Inventory in a clinical population

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kleijweg, J.H.M.; Verbraak, M.J.P.M.; Dijk, M.K. van

    2013-01-01

    This replication study examines the use of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI-GS), a self-report questionnaire on burnout, as a clinical diagnostic instrument for measuring clinical burnout. The MBI and Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), a semistructured interview based on classif

  18. The Clinical Utility of the Maslach Burnout Inventory in a Clinical Population

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kleijweg, J.H.M.; Verbraak, M.J.P.M.; Dijk, M.K. van

    2013-01-01

    This replication study examines the use of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI-GS), a self-report questionnaire on burnout, as a clinical diagnostic instrument for measuring clinical burnout. The MBI and Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), a semistructured interview based on classif

  19. The Experience of Burnout in Counselor Education: Considering Perceived Worklife Fit and Turnover Intention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coaston, Susannah C.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore experience of burnout in Counselor Education faculty. A national sample of Counselor Educators were randomly selected to participate anonymously in the online study. Participants completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS) which measures the three dimensions of burnout: exhaustion,…

  20. A Research on the Burnout and the Teaching Profession Attitudes of Teacher Candidates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kadi, Aysegül; Beytekin, Osman Ferda; Arslan, Hasan

    2015-01-01

    Purpose of this study is to examine burnout and teaching profession attitudes of teacher candidates. Research was conducted with 287 teacher candidates. By the findings; burnout and teaching profession attitudes of teacher candidates don't differ according to their gender. Burnout of teacher candidates differs according to their graduation status…

  1. Relationship among Self-Efficacy, Social Support, Job Satisfaction, and Teacher-Related Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watts, Gannon J.

    2014-01-01

    Human-service professions are at high-risk for burnout including the teaching profession. Work-related burnout is a gradual process widespread among many professionals and is in response to stressful events. Some of the current research has been focused on teachers with work-related burnout. An area of limited research has been the potential…

  2. Burnout research : adding an off-work and day-level perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Sonnentag, Sabine

    2005-01-01

    This commentary argues that future burnout research will benefit from adding two perspectives. First, as depersonalization may result from insufficient recovery during off-job time, it will be fruitful to include the investigation of off-work experiences into burnout research. Second, adding a day-level perspective will shed more light on the burnout phenomenon.

  3. Ontstaan en preventie van burnout.: De rol van de leidinggevende en de arbeidsorganisatie.

    OpenAIRE

    Fleischmann, Maria

    2016-01-01

    markdownabstractIn dit rapport zijn dossiers onderzocht van mensen die met de beroepsziekte burnout te kampen hebben gekregen. Doel van het onderzoek was om de vraag te beantwoorden hoe burnout tot stand komt en hoe burnout had kunnen worden voorkomen.

  4. Academic and Work-Related Burnout: A Longitudinal Study of Working Undergraduate University Business Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galbraith, Craig S.; Merrill, Gregory B.

    2012-01-01

    We examined the interaction between academic burnout and work-related burnout for a sample of working undergraduate university students. Using a longitudinal design we found that the factors of burnout (Exhaustion, Cynicism, and Efficacy) change significantly over the semester. In addition, the study suggests there are distinct differences in how…

  5. Burnout and Physical Health among Social Workers: A Three-Year Longitudinal Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hansung; Ji, Juye; Kao, Dennis

    2011-01-01

    The high risk of burnout in the social work profession is well established, but little is known about burnout's impact on the physical health of social workers. This article examines the relationship between burnout and physical health, using data from a longitudinal study of social workers. California-registered social workers (N = 406) were…

  6. Why Do We Stay? Career Rural Teachers' Burnout Compared to Personal Motivational Sources and Demographics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, David J.

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of individual motivational sources, demographics, and levels of burnout within career rural school teachers in Nebraska. The dependent variable was the psychological syndrome burnout as measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Two independent variables were individual motivational sources (a personality trait…

  7. The Assessment of Burnout: A Review of Three Inventories Useful for Research and Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arthur, Nancy M.

    1990-01-01

    Reviews three self-report inventories designed to respond to syndrome of burnout in helping professionals: Maslach Burnout Inventory, Staff Burnout Scale for Health Professionals; and Tedium Scale. Describes each instrument, its development, and related research. Provides recommendations for future research. Discusses suggestions for use of the…

  8. Burnout, anxiety, depression, and social skills in medical residents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira-Lima, K; Loureiro, S R

    2015-01-01

    The medical residency is recognized as a risk period for the development of burnout and mental health problems, such as anxiety and depression, which have impact on the physician and clientele alike. There is a need for studies that address conditions of risk and protection for the development of such problems. This study aimed to verify the rates of burnout, anxiety, and depression presented by resident physicians, as well as the associations of these problems with social skills, as potential protective factors. The hypothesis was defined that the problems (burnout, anxiety, and depression) would be negatively associated with social skills. A total of 305 medical residents, of both genders, of different specialties, from clinical and surgical areas of a Brazilian university hospital were evaluated using the following standardized self-report instruments: Burnout Syndrome Inventory, Social Skills Inventory, and the Patient Health Questionnaire-4. High rates of burnout and mental health problems were verified and social skills were negatively associated with burnout dimensions such as emotional exhaustion, emotional detachment, and dehumanization, but positively associated with personal accomplishment. Furthermore, residents with indicators of problems presented significantly lower social skills means than those of residents without indicators of burnout, anxiety, or depression. More studies are needed, which include other types of instruments in addition to self-report ones and evaluate not only social skills but also social competence in the professional practice. These should adopt intervention and longitudinal designs that allow the continuity or overcoming of the problems to be verified. Since social skills can be learned, the results of the study highlight the importance of developing the interpersonal skills of the professionals during the training of resident physicians in order to improve their practice. PMID:25030412

  9. SEB circuit-level model in N-channel power MOSFETs; Modele pour circuits du burnout dans des MOSFETs de puissance de type N

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, J.; Schrimpf, R.D.; Massengill, L.; Galloway, K.F. [Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States)

    1999-07-01

    A Single Event Burnout (SEB) circuit model has been developed. The dependence of SEB sensitivity on various parameters is presented and compared with experimental results. The parasitic resistance and capacitance of the device as well as the circuit parameters contribute to the length of SEB pulse. Increasing the switching frequency of the power MOSFET may be a possible way to prevent SEB in applications. (authors)

  10. The problem of professional burnout in stress management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Makasheva Natalia

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The problem of professional burnout is extremely relevant in current stress management. By its nature, professional burnout is a unique type of stress syndrome that is characterized by emotional exhaustion. It leads to loss of energy and interest in one’s job. A burnout could be the result of such syndromes as – burnout and boreout. It could emerge as the reaction of the organism to the high working intensity and stress working conditions or due to the boredom and absence of the sphere for professional realization. Both syndromes negatively influence the professional activity and require serious research and an adequate approach to the study. Studies have been conducted in the higher educational environment and among production employees. The studies were conducted with the application of the existing tests for revealing the “boreout” and “burnout” syndromes. Studies have shown that the syndrome “burnout” is common among workers with free working regulations, whose work requires greater independence, initiative and responsibility. According to the results of the study, the employees who are more free in the performance of their professional duties (teachers, managers are less subjected to the boreout syndrome. For the prevention and control of professional burnout company management needs to apply the achievements of stress management.

  11. Investigation of Burnout in Employees Working in a Factory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasemin Aslan

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available AIM: This study was performed to determine the burnout levels of employees working in a factory and the factors affecting it. METHOD: This is a cross–sectional study. The study population and sample consisted of 247 employees working in the workshops of a factory located in the a big city center. Data collection was performed using a Personal Information Form and the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI. RESULTS: The mean burnout scores increased (p<0.05 with decreasing age and work years of the employees. The mean Emotional Exhaustion score of the employees who were university graduates were higher than those who were primary school or high school graduates (p<0.05. Mean Emotional Exhaustion and Depersonalization scores of employees with no children were higher than those with children (p<0.05. Mean Emotional Exhaustion and Depersonalization scores of the employees stating that their incomes were much lower/lower than their expenditures were higher compared to those stating that their incomes were equal to their expenditures and those stating that their incomes were higher/much higher than their expenditures (p<0.05. CONCLUSION: The findings of the study indicate that factors such as age, education level, status of having children, economic status, and working years were effective on the burnout levels of the employees while the risk area where the workshop was located did not affect the burnout level. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2010; 9(5.000: 453-462

  12. Compassion Fatigue and Burnout Amongst Clinicians: A Medical Exploratory Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaikrit Bhutani

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Compassion fatigue is a broad term comprising of two components - burnout and secondary traumatic stress. The current study is aimed at identifying ′burnout′ and ′compassion fatigue′ among clinicians involved in care of individuals suffering from medical illness. Materials and Methods: A total of 60 clinicians were included in the study. A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to gather information related to personal, professional, anthropometric, and metabolic profile of the study participants. Professional Quality of Life Scale (ProQoL Version V was used to assess burnout, compassion satisfaction and secondary traumatic stress. Analysis was carried out using the SPSS version 19.0. Results: The mean age of clinicians was 46.68±11.06 (range 26-67 years. Burnout score was significantly higher in those involved in diabetology practice. Similarly, compassion satisfaction score was greater among those with greater years of practice as well as among those in private practice. Clinicians who reported a poor working condition, as opposed to good, had more burnout and less compassion satisfaction. Conclusion: The current study suggests that it is important to find out ways of decreasing burnout and compassion fatigue among clinicians.

  13. The relationship between job stress, burnout and clinical depression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iacovides, A; Fountoulakis, K N; Kaprinis, St; Kaprinis, G

    2003-08-01

    The definition and phenomenological features of 'burnout' and its eventual relationship with depression and other clinical conditions are reviewed. Work is an indispensable way to make a decent and meaningful way of living, but can also be a source of stress for a variety of reasons. Feelings of inadequate control over one's work, frustrated hopes and expectations and the feeling of losing of life's meaning, seem to be independent causes of burnout, a term that describes a condition of professional exhaustion. It is not synonymous with 'job stress', 'fatigue', 'alienation' or 'depression'. Burnout is more common than generally believed and may affect every aspect of the individual's functioning, have a deleterious effect on interpersonal and family relationships and lead to a negative attitude towards life in general. Empirical research suggests that burnout and depression are separate entities, although they may share several 'qualitative' characteristics, especially in the more severe forms of burnout, and in vulnerable individuals, low levels of satisfaction derived from their everyday work. These final issues need further clarification and should be the focus of future clinical research. PMID:12880934

  14. A national study of burnout among American transplant surgeons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertges Yost, W; Eshelman, A; Raoufi, M; Abouljoud, M S

    2005-03-01

    This study examines burnout in a national sample of transplant surgeons. Data analyses were conducted on a sample of 209 actively practicing transplant surgeons. Measures included the Maslach Burnout Inventory, a demographic survey, and the Surgeon Coping Inventory. Burnout was reflected in 38% of surgeons scoring high on the Emotional Exhaustion dimension, whereas 27% showed high levels of Depersonalization, and 16% had low levels of Personal Accomplishment. Several significant predictors of emotional exhaustion were identified and included questioning one's career choice, giving up activities, and perceiving oneself as having limited control over the delivery of medical services (R2= 0.43). Those who perceived themselves as having a higher ability to control delivery of medical services and who felt more appreciated by patients had lower levels of depersonalization and were less likely to question their career choice (R2= 0.16). Surgeons with high personal accomplishment experienced greater professional growth opportunities, perceived their institution as supportive, felt more appreciated by patients, and were less likely to question their career (R2= 0.24). The prioritization of goals to reflect both professional and personal values accounted for a significant amount of the variance in predicting both emotional exhaustion and personal accomplishment in separate regression equations. Recommendations to decrease burnout would include greater institutional support, increased opportunities for professional growth, and greater surgeon control over important services to facilitate efficient work. Coping strategies to moderate stress and burnout are also beneficial and should include prioritizing goals to reflect both professional and personal values. PMID:15848732

  15. Subgroup Analysis in Burnout: Relations Between Fatigue, Anxiety, and Depression

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Dam, Arno

    2016-01-01

    Several authors have suggested that burned out patients do not form a homogeneous group and that subgroups should be considered. The identification of these subgroups may contribute to a better understanding of the burnout construct and lead to more specific therapeutic interventions. Subgroup analysis may also help clarify whether burnout is a distinct entity and whether subgroups of burnout overlap with other disorders such as depression and chronic fatigue syndrome. In a group of 113 clinically diagnosed burned out patients, levels of fatigue, depression, and anxiety were assessed. In order to identify possible subgroups, we performed a two-step cluster analysis. The analysis revealed two clusters that differed from one another in terms of symptom severity on the three aforementioned measures. Depression appeared to be the strongest predictor of group membership. These results are considered in the light of the scientific debate on whether burnout can be distinguished from depression and whether burnout subtyping is useful. Finally, implications for clinical practice and future research are discussed. PMID:26869983

  16. Subgroup analysis in burnout: relations between fatigue, anxiety and depression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arno eVan Dam

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Several authors have suggested that burned out patients do not form a homogeneous group and that subgroups should be considered. The identification of these subgroups may contribute to a better understanding of the burnout construct and lead to more specific therapeutic interventions. Subgroup analysis may also help clarify whether burnout is a distinct entity and whether subgroups of burnout overlap with other disorders such as depression and chronic fatigue syndrome. In a group of 113 clinically-diagnosed burned out patients, levels of fatigue, depression and anxiety were assessed. In order to identify possible subgroups, we performed a two-step cluster analysis. The analysis revealed two clusters that differed from one another in terms of symptom severity on the three aforementioned measures. Depression appeared to be the strongest predictor of group membership. These results are considered in the light of the scientific debate on whether burnout can be distinguished from depression and whether burnout subtyping is useful. Finally, implications for clinical practice and future research are discussed.

  17. Emotion work and job stressors and their effects on burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zapf, D; Seifert, C; Schmutte, B; Mertini, H; Holz, M

    2001-09-01

    Abstract This article reports research on emotion work, organizational as well as social variables as predictors of job burnout. In burnout research, high emotional demands resulting from interactions with clients are seen as a core characteristic of service jobs. However, these emotional demands were seldom measured in a direct manner. It was only recently that emotional demands were included in studies on burnout referring to the concept of emotion work (emotional labor). Emotion work is defined as the requirement to display organizationally desired emotions. A multi-dimensional concept of emotion work was used to analyze the relations of emotion work variables with organizational and social variables and their joint effect on burnout in five samples including employees working in children's homes, kindergartens, hotels, banks and call centers. Emotion work variables correlated with organizational stressors and resources. However, hierarchical multiple regression showed a unique contribution of emotion work variables in the prediction of burnout. Moreover, the analysis of interaction effects of emotional dissonance and organizational and social stressors showed that for service professionals, the coincidence of these stressors led to exaggerated levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. PMID:22804497

  18. Subgroup Analysis in Burnout: Relations Between Fatigue, Anxiety, and Depression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Dam, Arno

    2016-01-01

    Several authors have suggested that burned out patients do not form a homogeneous group and that subgroups should be considered. The identification of these subgroups may contribute to a better understanding of the burnout construct and lead to more specific therapeutic interventions. Subgroup analysis may also help clarify whether burnout is a distinct entity and whether subgroups of burnout overlap with other disorders such as depression and chronic fatigue syndrome. In a group of 113 clinically diagnosed burned out patients, levels of fatigue, depression, and anxiety were assessed. In order to identify possible subgroups, we performed a two-step cluster analysis. The analysis revealed two clusters that differed from one another in terms of symptom severity on the three aforementioned measures. Depression appeared to be the strongest predictor of group membership. These results are considered in the light of the scientific debate on whether burnout can be distinguished from depression and whether burnout subtyping is useful. Finally, implications for clinical practice and future research are discussed. PMID:26869983

  19. J. Edward Berk distinguished lecture: avoiding burnout: finding balance between work and everything else.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Surawicz, Christina M

    2014-04-01

    Burnout has been defined as "a state of mental exhaustion caused by one's professional life." Increasing evidence shows high rates of burnout among medical professionals, including gastroenterologists. Factors that contribute to burnout include work-home conflict and longer work hours. Among gastroenterologists, the risk for burnout seems to be highest during the first three years on the job after fellowship. Strategies to treat and prevent burnout include identifying and balancing personal and professional goals, shaping one's career to optimize meaning, identifying stressors, and nurturing wellness strategies. PMID:24642578

  20. Burnout of Radiologists: Frequency, Risk Factors, and Remedies: A Report of the ACR Commission on Human Resources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harolds, Jay A; Parikh, Jay R; Bluth, Edward I; Dutton, Sharon C; Recht, Michael P

    2016-04-01

    Burnout is a concern for radiologists. The burnout rate is greater among diagnostic radiologists than the mean for all physicians, while radiation oncologists have a slightly lower burnout rate. Burnout can result in unprofessional behavior, thoughts of suicide, premature retirement, and errors in patient care. Strategies to reduce burnout include addressing the sources of job dissatisfaction, instilling lifestyle balance, finding reasons to work other than money, improving money management, developing a support group, and seeking help when needed. PMID:26768546

  1. Burnout among young physicians and its association with physicians’ wishes to leave: results of a survey in Saxony, Germany

    OpenAIRE

    Pantenburg, Birte; Luppa, Melanie; König, Hans-Helmut; Riedel-Heller, Steffi G.

    2016-01-01

    Background Concerns about burnout, and its consequences, among German physicians are rising. However, data on burnout among German physicians are scarce. Also, a suspected association between burnout and German physicians’ wishes to leave remains to be studied. Therefore, the extent of burnout, and the association between burnout and wishes to leave clinical practice or to go abroad for clinical work was studied in a sample of young physicians in Saxony. Methods In a cross-sectional survey, a...

  2. Moving away from exhaustion: how core self-evaluations influence academic burnout.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Penghu Lian

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Academic burnout refers to students who have low interest, lack of motivation, and tiredness in studying. Studies concerning how to prevent academic burnout are rare. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate the impact of core self-evaluations on the academic burnout of university students, and mainly focused on the confirmation of the mediator role of life satisfaction. METHODS: A total of 470 university students accomplished the core self-evaluation scale, Satisfaction with Life, and academic burnout scale. RESULTS: Both core self-evaluations and life satisfaction were significantly correlated with academic burnout. Structural equation modeling indicated that life satisfaction partially mediated the relationship between core self-evaluations and academic burnout. CONCLUSIONS: Core self-evaluations significantly influence academic burnout and are partially mediated by life satisfaction.

  3. Experimental study on natural-convection boiling burnout in an annulus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An experimental study was performed on burnout heat flux at low flow rates for low-pressure steam-water upward flow in an annulus. The data indicated that a premature burnout occurred due to flow-regime transition from churn-turbulent to annular flow. It is shown that the burnout observed in the experiment is essentially a flooding-limited burnout and the burnout heat flux can be well reproduced by a nondimensional correlation derived from the previously obtained criterion for flow-regime transition. It is also shown that the conventional correlations for burnout heat flux at low mass velocities agree well with the data on circulation and entrainment-limited burnout

  4. Association between Sick Leave Prescribing Practices and Physician Burnout and Empathy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oriol Yuguero Torres

    Full Text Available To investigate the association between sick leave prescription and physician burnout and empathy in a primary care health district in Lleida, Spain.This descriptive study included 108 primary care doctors from 22 primary care centers in Lleida in 2014 (183,600 patients. Burnout was measured with the Maslach Burnout Inventory and empathy with the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy. The reliability of the instruments was measured by calculating Cronbach's alpha and normal distribution was analyzed using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov-Lilliefors and χ2 tests. Burnout and empathy scores were analyzed by age, sex, and place of work (urban vs rural. Sick leave data were obtained from the Catalan Health Institute.High empathy was significantly associated with low burnout. Neither empathy nor burnout were significantly associated with sick leave prescription.Sick leave prescription by physicians is not associated with physicians' empathy or burnout and may mostly depend on prescribing guidelines.

  5. Linking organizational justice to burnout: are men and women different?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moliner, Carolina; Martínez-Tur, Vicente; Ramos, José; Peiró, José M

    2005-06-01

    This study tested the links from organizational justice with burnout and the moderating role of sex in these relationships. A total of 279 contact employees (149 men and 130 women) were surveyed in 59 hotels. A questionnaire was used to measure distributive, procedural, and interactional justice as well as employees' burnout (exhaustion, cynicism, and efficacy). Hierarchical regression models, calculated to test the hypothesized effects, indicated the predominance of procedural justice over distributive and interpersonal with regard to the direct relationships between organizational justice and burnout. Analysis also showed that links from interactional justice with exhaustion and cynicism were greater for women than for men. In contrast, there were no significant sex differences on the efficacy dimension. PMID:16050644

  6. Compassion fatigue and burnout: what managers should know.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slatten, Lise Anne; David Carson, Kerry; Carson, Paula Phillips

    2011-01-01

    Most health care employees experience and are bolstered by compassion satisfaction as they deal with patients in need. However, the more empathetic a health care provider is, the more likely he or she will experience compassion fatigue. Compassion fatigue is a negative syndrome that occurs when dealing with the traumatic experiences of patients, and examples of symptoms include intrusive thoughts, sleeping problems, and depression. Compassion fatigue is different from burnout. Compassion fatigue is a rapidly occurring disorder for primary health care workers who work with suffering patients, whereas burnout, a larger construct, is a slowly progressing disorder for employees who typically are working in burdensome organizational environments. Managers can mitigate problems associated with compassion fatigue with a number of interventions including patient reassignments, formal mentoring programs, employee training, and a compassionate organizational culture. With burnout, health care managers will want to focus primarily on chronic organizational problems. PMID:22042140

  7. Burnout syndrome among undergraduate nursing students at a public university

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamila Geri Tomaschewski-Barlem

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: to investigate the burnout syndrome and its relationship with demographic and academic variables among undergraduate nursing students at a public university in Southern Brazil.METHOD: a quantitative study with 168 students, by applying an adaptation of the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Student Survey, validated for this study. We used descriptive and variance analysis of the data analysis.RESULTS: we found that students do not have the burnout syndrome, manifesting high average scores in Emotional Exhaustion, low in Disbelief and high in Professional Effectiveness; that younger students who perform leisure activities have greater Professional Effectiveness, unlike students in early grades with no extracurricular activities; combining work and studies negatively influenced only the Professional Effectiveness factor, while the intention of giving up influenced negatively Disbelief and Professional Effectiveness factors.CONCLUSION: the situations that lead students to Emotional Exhaustion need to be recognized, considering the specificity of their study environments.

  8. Blending effects on coal burnout and NO emissions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    B. Arias; R. Backreedy; A. Arenillas; J.M. Jones; F. Rubiera; M. Pourkashanian; A. Williams; J.J. Pis [Instituto Nacional del Carbon, CSIC Oviedo (Spain)

    2003-07-01

    In this work, the combustion behaviour of individual coals of different rank and their blends was evaluated. The study was focused on burnout and NO emissions during blend combustion. Preliminary combustion tests of the coals and their blends were carried out in a thermogravimetric analyser (TGA). Some characteristic temperatures were obtained to evaluate the combustibility of the samples. These temperatures indicate an improvement in the combustibility of the less reactive coal when it is blended. An entrained flow reactor (EFR) was employed to study the behaviour of the samples at high heating rates and short residence times. Burnout and NO emissions were measured during EFR combustion tests. In some blends the results can be predicted from the weighted average of the values of the individual coals. However, other blends show an increase, from the averaged values, in burnout and especially in NO emissions. 14 refs., 10 figs., 3 tabs.

  9. Healthcare Staff Wellbeing, Burnout, and Patient Safety: A Systematic Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Louise H.; Johnson, Judith; Watt, Ian; Tsipa, Anastasia; O’Connor, Daryl B.

    2016-01-01

    Objective To determine whether there is an association between healthcare professionals’ wellbeing and burnout, with patient safety. Design Systematic research review. Data Sources PsychInfo (1806 to July 2015), Medline (1946 to July 2015), Embase (1947 to July 2015) and Scopus (1823 to July 2015) were searched, along with reference lists of eligible articles. Eligibility Criteria for Selecting Studies Quantitative, empirical studies that included i) either a measure of wellbeing or burnout, and ii) patient safety, in healthcare staff populations. Results Forty-six studies were identified. Sixteen out of the 27 studies that measured wellbeing found a significant correlation between poor wellbeing and worse patient safety, with six additional studies finding an association with some but not all scales used, and one study finding a significant association but in the opposite direction to the majority of studies. Twenty-one out of the 30 studies that measured burnout found a significant association between burnout and patient safety, whilst a further four studies found an association between one or more (but not all) subscales of the burnout measures employed, and patient safety. Conclusions Poor wellbeing and moderate to high levels of burnout are associated, in the majority of studies reviewed, with poor patient safety outcomes such as medical errors, however the lack of prospective studies reduces the ability to determine causality. Further prospective studies, research in primary care, conducted within the UK, and a clearer definition of healthcare staff wellbeing are needed. Implications This review illustrates the need for healthcare organisations to consider improving employees’ mental health as well as creating safer work environments when planning interventions to improve patient safety. Systematic Review Registration PROSPERO registration number: CRD42015023340. PMID:27391946

  10. Carbon burnout project-coal fineness effects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mike Celechin [Powergen UK plc, Nottingham (United Kingdom)

    2004-02-01

    The aim of this DTI project is to establish good quality plant and rig data to demonstrate the effect of changing coal fineness on carbon burnout in a controlled manner, which can then be used to support computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and engineering models of the process. The modelling elements of the project were completed by Mitsui Babcock Energy Ltd., and validated using the data produced by the other partners. The full scale plant trials were successfully completed at Powergen's Kingsnorth Power Station and a full set of tests were also completed on Powergen's CTF. During these test both carbon-in-ash and NOx levels were seen to increase with increasing fuel particle size. Laboratory analysis of fly ash produced during the plant and rig trials revealed that only small differences in char morphology and reactivity could be detected in samples produced under significantly different operating conditions. Thermo Gravimetric Analysis was also undertaken on a range of PF size fractions collected form mills operating at different conditions. 3 refs., 13 figs., 1 tab.

  11. Burnout, locus de control y deportistas de alto rendimiento

    OpenAIRE

    Medina Mojena, Greisy; García Ucha, Francisco Enrique

    2002-01-01

    Los estudios sobre burnout comenzaron en los 70 por Freudenberg (1974) y en los 80 en el deporte. En Cuba este es de los primeros sobre el tema. Se estudiaron 40 deportistas de alto rendimiento de pesas, balonmano, baloncesto y tackewondo. Con una edad entre los 18 y 28 años y experiencia deportiva entre 5 y 16 años. Las técnicas utilizadas son una adaptación, de Garcés de Los Fayos (1999) del Maslach Burnout Inventory (1981) y un test de Locus de control. Los principales resultados c...

  12. Burnout en la enseñanza: Aspectos atribucionales

    OpenAIRE

    M.ª ANTONIA MANASSERO; ESTHER GARCÍA BUADES; GEMA TORRENS; CARMEN RAMIS; ÁNGEL VÁZQUEZ; VICTORIA A. FERRER

    2005-01-01

    La teoría de la atribución establece que las dimensiones atributivas de las causas percibidas de un hecho determinan el tipo de conducta de las personas sobre el mismo. Las causas percibidas del burnout pueden modular la conducta de afrontamiento del mismo. Se analizan las relaciones entre las dimensiones del burnout y la atribución causal en una muestra de 614 profesores de preescolar a secundaria/bachillerato de las Islas Baleares. Se aplicó la Escala de Dimensiones Causales Atributivas, qu...

  13. Burnout en profesionales de la salud del Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    Ramírez Zhindón, Marina del Rocío

    2016-01-01

    Uno de los grupos de mayor riesgo para desarrollar síndrome de burnout es el constituido por el personal sanitario. El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar la prevalencia del burnout y de sus dimensiones, así como los factores asociados en profesionales de enfermería y de medicina de las instituciones de salud de las 24 provincias de Ecuador. Se seleccionó una muestra de 2404 profesionales de salud (68.4% mujeres, media de edad = 40.0 años). Se emplearon distintos instrumentos para re...

  14. Evidencia de validez factorial del Maslach Burnout Inventory y estudio de los niveles de burnout en profesionales sanitarios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo A. Cañadas-de la Fuente

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se quieren conocer los niveles de burnout y variables relacionadas con el síndrome en un grupo de profesionales sanitarios. Los objetivos de la investigación fueron la obtención de evidencias de validez factorial del Maslach Burnout Inventory, la estimación de la prevalencia y la identificación de factores de riesgo de burnout en un grupo de profesionales sanitarios. Se realizó un estudio transversal, cuantitativo y exploratorio. Los datos corresponden a una muestra de 435 profesionales que incluye auxiliares, enfermeros y médicos. Los resultados obtenidos indican un adecuado ajuste en la estructura trifactorial del Maslach Burnout Inventory; asimismo, se ha obtenido que la categoría profesional, edad y tipo de dedicación son factores de riesgo de padecimiento de burnout . Por otra parte, se obtiene que los enfermeros presentaban niveles de burnout más altos que el resto de grupos profesionales considerados. Lo anterior sugiere que los factores indicados deben ser tenidos en cuenta en la implantación de programas encaminados a la prevención del desarrollo del síndrome. Copyright © 2013, Fundación Universitaria Konrad Lorenz. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. Este es un artículo de acceso abierto distribuido bajo los términos de la Licencia Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/.

  15. Is it time to consider the burnout syndrome a distinct illness?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renzo eBianchi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The burnout syndrome has been defined as a combination of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment caused by chronic occupational stress. Although there has been increasing medical interest in burnout over the last decades, it is argued in this paper that the syndrome cannot be elevated to the status of diagnostic category, based on (1 an analysis of the genesis of the burnout construct, (2 a review of the latest literature on burnout-depression overlap, (3 a questioning of the three-dimensional structure of the burnout syndrome, and (4 a critical examination of the notion that burnout is singularized by its job-related character. It turns out that the burnout construct is built on a fragile foundation, both from a clinical and a theoretical standpoint. The current state of science suggests that burnout is a form of depression rather than a differentiated type of pathology. The inclusion of burnout in future disorder classifications is therefore unwarranted. The focus of public health policies dedicated to the management of burnout should not be narrowed to the three definitional components of the syndrome but consider its depressive core.

  16. Impact of Burnout on Self-Reported Patient Care Among Emergency Physicians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dave W. Lu

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Burnout is a syndrome of depersonalization, emotional exhaustion and sense of low personal accomplishment. Emergency physicians (EPs experience the highest levels of burnout among all physicians. Burnout is associated with greater rates of self-reported suboptimal care among surgeons and internists. The association between burnout and suboptimal care among EPs is unknown. The objective of the study was to evaluate burnout rates among attending and resident EPs and examine their relationship with self-reported patient care practices. Methods: In this cross-sectional study burnout was measured at two university-based emergency medicine residency programs with the Maslach Burnout Inventory. We also measured depression, quality of life (QOL and career satisfaction using validated questionnaires. Six items assessed suboptimal care and the frequency with which they were performed. Results: We included 77 out of 155 (49.7% responses. The EP burnout rate was 57.1%, with no difference between attending and resident physicians. Residents were more likely to screen positive for depression (47.8% vs 18.5%, p=0.012 and report lower QOL scores (6.7 vs 7.4 out of 10, p=0.036 than attendings. Attendings and residents reported similar rates of career satisfaction (85.2% vs 87.0%, p=0.744. Burnout was associated with a positive screen for depression (38.6% vs 12.1%, p=0.011 and lower career satisfaction (77.3% vs 97.0%, p=0.02. EPs with high burnout were significantly more likely to report performing all six acts of suboptimal care. Conclusion: A majority of EPs demonstrated high burnout. EP burnout was significantly associated with higher frequencies of self-reported suboptimal care. Future efforts to determine if provider burnout is associated with negative changes in actual patient care are necessary.

  17. Prosocial Motivation, Stress and Burnout among Direct Support Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hickey, Robert

    2014-01-01

    Aim: This study explores whether the desire to engage in work that is beneficial to others moderates the effects of stress on burnout. Method: Based on a survey of 1570 direct support professionals in Ontario, this study conducted linear regression analyses and tested for the interaction effects of prosocial motivation on occupational stress and…

  18. Teacher Job Satisfaction and Burnout Viewed through Social Comparisons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitchel, Tracy; Smith, Amy R.; Henry, Anna L.; Robinson, J. Shane; Lawver, Rebecca G.; Park, Travis D.; Schell, Ashley

    2012-01-01

    Understanding job satisfaction, stress, and burnout within agricultural education has the potential to impact the profession's future. Studying these factors through the theoretical lens of social comparison takes a cultural approach by investigating how agriculture teachers interact with and compare themselves to others. The purpose of this study…

  19. Burnout in Patients with Chronic Whiplash-Associated Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clementz, Gunilla; Borsbo, Bjorn; Norrbrink, Cecilia

    2012-01-01

    This study sought to assess burnout and its relation to pain, disability, mood and health-related quality of life in a group of patients with chronic whiplash-associated disorders (WAD). Forty-five patients with chronic WAD ([greater than or equal to] 3 months) referred to a multidisciplinary rehabilitation centre were included. A questionnaire…

  20. Burnout and Job Satisfaction among Student Support Services Personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brewer, Ernest W.; Clippard, Laura Faye

    2002-01-01

    Measures of burnout and job satisfaction completed by 166 college student support services staff revealed a significant negative relationship between emotional exhaustion and job satisfaction; significant positive relationship between personal accomplishment and job satisfaction; and a significant relationship between job satisfaction and three…

  1. The Burnout Condition of Primary Health Care Personnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Kaya

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available The concept of burnout was first introduced by Fredeunberger in 1974. Fredeunberger had stated that burnout occurred more commonly in occupations whose members directly work with people. The aim of the study is to examine the burnout status of primary health care staff. The universe of this descriptive study is 466 health staff who work in primary health care units in Kecioren. The participation of the study was 54%. A Questionnaire including Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI and some characteristics of the participants were used for data collection. Mann-whitney U and Kruskal Wallis tests have been used for analizing the survey data. Seventyseven percent of the participants were female and the emotional exhaustion score of female was higher than male (p<0.01. The age of the participants effect the individual achievement scores (p<0.01. The profession or marital status of the participants didn’t affect the MBI scores. Some socio-demografic characteristics of the participants such as gender and age, affect the scores of MBI. Comprehensive studies which display the causes of problems, needed in this issue. [TAF Prev Med Bull. 2007; 6(5: 357-363

  2. The Burnout Condition of Primary Health Care Personnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Kaya

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available The concept of burnout was first introduced by Fredeunberger in 1974. Fredeunberger had stated that burnout occurred more commonly in occupations whose members directly work with people. The aim of the study is to examine the burnout status of primary health care staff. The universe of this descriptive study is 466 health staff who work in primary health care units in Kecioren. The participation of the study was 54%. A Questionnaire including Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI and some characteristics of the participants were used for data collection. Mann-whitney U and Kruskal Wallis tests have been used for analizing the survey data. Seventyseven percent of the participants were female and the emotional exhaustion score of female was higher than male (p<0.01. The age of the participants effect the individual achievement scores (p<0.01. The profession or marital status of the participants didn’t affect the MBI scores. Some socio-demografic characteristics of the participants such as gender and age, affect the scores of MBI. Comprehensive studies which display the causes of problems, needed in this issue. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2007; 6(5.000: 357-363

  3. School Climate Factors Relating to Teacher Burnout: A Mediator Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grayson, Jessica L.; Alvarez, Heather K.

    2008-01-01

    The present study investigated components of school climate (i.e. parent/community relations, administration, student behavioral values) and assessed their influence on the core burnout dimensions of Emotional Exhaustion, Depersonalization, and feelings of low Personal Accomplishment. The study weighed the relative contributions of demographic…

  4. A new definition of burnout syndrome based on Farber's proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mera Domingo

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Although diverse definitions have been construed for burnout syndrome, most authors consider it to be a single phenomenon, the result of chronic work-related stress. However, in order to enable specific intervention strategies to be adopted, it is first necessary to establish different profiles for the syndrome. In this respect, have been proposed three burnout types ("frenetic", "underchallenged" and "worn-out", each of which requires different means of dealing with frustration in the workplace. This study is an attempt to define and systematize the properties that characterize this typology proposal. Methods For this purpose, the documents considering preliminary typology were examined by means of qualitative content analysis supported by grounded theory. Semiotic analysis was then performed on the core category resulting from the previous analysis. Results A classification criterion, made up of three different burnout subtypes ("frenetic", "underchallenged", and "worn-out" capable of integrating the entire proposal was formulated. Discussion Understanding the development of burnout syndrome, as a succession of stages characterized by the progressive diminishing of dedication to work, could serve for the establishment of specific therapies and for the prevention of the syndrome.

  5. Feelings of Existential Fulfilment and Burnout Among Secondary School Teachers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Loonstra, B.; Brouwers, A.; Tomic, W.

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Teacher burnout is recognized as a serious problem. In research it has been related to many person-specific variables; one of these, the variable of existential fulfilment, has received very little attention thus far. The present study focuses on the relationship between existential fulfilm

  6. Inequity among human service professionals : Measurement and relation to burnout

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    vanDierendonck, D; Schaufeli, WB; Buunk, BP

    1996-01-01

    This research investigated the impact on burnout of inequity experienced by human service professionals. Two studies were conducted, among therapists working with inmates in a forensic psychiatric center (N = 112) and among staff members of an institute for the direct care of mentally disabled (N =

  7. Compassion fatigue and burnout: prevalence among oncology nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potter, Patricia; Deshields, Teresa; Divanbeigi, Joyce; Berger, Julie; Cipriano, Doreen; Norris, Lori; Olsen, Sarah

    2010-10-01

    This descriptive, cross-sectional survey was conducted in inpatient nursing units and outpatient clinics in a cancer center in the midwestern United States. The sample of 153 healthcare providers included RNs, medical assistants, and radiology technicians. The fourth revision of the 30-item Professional Quality of Life (ProQOL R-IV) scale was used for measuring compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction, and burnout. A series of cross tab analyses examined the relationship between participant demographics and three ProQOL R-IV subscales. The study sample scored similarly on compassion satisfaction and burnout when compared with participants who used the ProQOL R-IV in previous studies. Value exists in analyzing the prevalence of burnout and compassion fatigue among oncology healthcare providers. Understanding the needs of distinct demographic groups offers valuable direction for intervention program development. Applying internal evidence in the design of a relevant stress-reduction program will better equip healthcare providers to recognize and manage compassion fatigue and burnout. PMID:20880809

  8. Burnout and Work Stress among Disability Centers Staff in Oman

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohamed, Ahmed Hassan Hemdan

    2015-01-01

    Extensive efforts have been made to maximize the potential of children with disabilities in Oman. The establishment of Al-Wafaa centers of disabilities served as a channel to help families secure a variety of services provided to children with different disabling conditions. The purpose of this study was to explore the burnout of staff working in…

  9. Burnout, Engagement, and Organizational Culture: Differences between Physicians and Nurses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragan Mijakoski

    2015-08-01

    CONCLUSIONS: Data obtained can be used in implementation of specific organizational interventions in the hospital setting. Providing adequate JD-R interaction can lead to prevention of burnout in health professionals (HPs and contribute positively to better job engagement in HPs and higher quality of patient care.

  10. Burnout among Accounting and Finance Academics in Ireland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrne, Marann; Chughtai, Aamir; Flood, Barbara; Murphy, Evelyn; Willis, Pauline

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to assess the levels of burnout experienced by accounting and finance academics in Ireland. Design/methodology/approach: Data for this cross-sectional survey study were collected from 100 accounting and finance academics teaching in Irish third level institutions. Independent sample "t"-tests, one way analysis…

  11. Leader-Member Exchange, Communication Frequency And Burnout

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mr Graham, L N; van Witteloostuijn, A.

    2010-01-01

    In a field study of 128 middle-managers in similar roles but in different organizations within the UK public sector, we find that the quality of their leader-member exchange (LMX) relationship with their immediate supervisor is negatively related to the three dimensions of burnout. As hypothesized,

  12. What the Years Have Told: A Professor's Burnout and Recovery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emmel, James R.

    A description of a 45-year university teaching career which included the development of a Speech and Communications department at California Polytechnic State University reveals that even though burn-out is a periodic influence on professional performance, one overriding element--a love of teaching--sustained the commitment of this professor. A…

  13. Special article: physician burnout-the experience of three physicians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raschke RA

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available No abstract available. Article truncated at 150 words. Our fellowship held a discussion on physician burnout which was facilitated by Kris Cooper PhD, a psychologist who has long experience working with struggling physicians. We were joined by three physicians who volunteered to share their personal experiences regarding burnout. Each of these three physicians are exceptional in their devotion to their profession, high self-expectation, and level of professional achievement. Yet the commendable personal characteristics they share may have actually set them up to ultimately suffer burnout. Each of them responded to burnout in a different way. The first physician is an intensivist who left work suddenly 6 months ago, likely never to return. Over a long career, this physician had earned the respect of his colleagues and was beloved by the nurses for seeming to always knowing the right thing to do and dedicating himself fully to the care of the sickest patients and their families. For most of ...

  14. Stress, positive personal variables and burnout: A path analytic approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel Otero-López

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The notion that personal resources are a powerful screen for the negative influence of stressors in the burnout process is one of the aspects where consensus is more widespread in the domain of Positive Psychology. It is nonetheless true that identifying them and finding out how these “personal strengths or competences” operate would be crucial to improve health and well-being in the workplace. It seems therefore urgent to throw light –from a research perspective– not merely on whether the positive variables play a mediating role between the potential stressors and burnout but also on which the alternative paths are that have an influence on occupational stress. So, the fundamental objective of this study is to analyze a model of influences in which the levels of stress perceived by the teacher from the different disruptive behaviors of the students (verbal abuse at the teacher, aggressions among students, vandalism are the exogenous variables while the different positive personal variables (optimism, hardiness, life satisfaction are mediating variables and burnout is the endogenous variable. The results obtained from a sample of 523 secondary education teachers confirm that teacher “resilience” (optimism and hardiness and life satisfaction mediate the negative impact that stressors from student behavior have on experiencing burnout.

  15. Burnout, Perceived Stress, and Depression among Cardiology Residents in Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waldman, Silvina V.; Diez, Juan Cruz Lopez; Arazi, Hernan Cohen; Linetzky, Bruno; Guinjoan, Salvador; Grancelli, Hugo

    2009-01-01

    Objective: Because medical residency is a stressful time for training physicians, placing residents at increased risk for psychological distress, the authors studied the prevalence of burnout, perceived stress, and depression in cardiology residents in Argentina and examined the association between sociodemographic characteristics and these…

  16. Personality Traits Associated with Occupational "Burnout" in ABA Therapists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurt, Amy A.; Grist, Cathy Lann; Malesky, Lann A., Jr.; McCord, David M.

    2013-01-01

    Background: Applied behaviour analysis (ABA) therapists typically work one-to-one with children with autism for extended periods of time, which often leads to high levels of job-related stress, lower levels of job satisfaction, increased frequency of occupational "burnout" and higher than average job turnover (Journal of Autism…

  17. Making family therapy easier for the therapist: burnout prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedman, R

    1985-12-01

    Burnout prevention for family therapists can be enhanced by careful consideration of the degree of responsibility taken by the therapist contrasted with responsibility placed on the family. Attention to issues of expectations, role definition, sharing of feelings, and therapeutic ambition can ease the strain on the therapist. PMID:4085618

  18. Burnout en la enseñanza: Aspectos atribucionales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.ª ANTONIA MANASSERO

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available La teoría de la atribución establece que las dimensiones atributivas de las causas percibidas de un hecho determinan el tipo de conducta de las personas sobre el mismo. Las causas percibidas del burnout pueden modular la conducta de afrontamiento del mismo. Se analizan las relaciones entre las dimensiones del burnout y la atribución causal en una muestra de 614 profesores de preescolar a secundaria/bachillerato de las Islas Baleares. Se aplicó la Escala de Dimensiones Causales Atributivas, que evalúa Lugar de Causalidad, Estabilidad, Controlabilidad, Globalidad e Intencionalidad de la causa percibida del estrés. El burnout se midió con una versión propia del MBI para profesores (Maslach y Jackson, 1986. Los resultados obtenidos indican que las dimensiones de burnout presentan una relación moderada con las dimensiones causales, de modo que a mayor Agotamiento Emocional se corresponde con percepciones de causas más estables, globales, intencionales y menos controlables; a mayor Despersonalización nos encontramos con percepciones de causas más internas, estables, intencionales y globales; mientras que mayor Realización Personal se corresponde con percepciones de causas menos estables (inestables, menos globales (específicas y más controlables. Se analizan las consecuencias y las estrategias de intervención que puede aportar el marco teórico de la atribución.

  19. Burnout in the horizontal tubes of a furnace waterwall panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamenetskii, B. Ya.

    2009-08-01

    An experimental study of heat transfer that occurs in tubes nonuniformly heated over the perimeter at low velocities of subcooled water flowing in them is presented. Experiments with unsteady supply of heat made it possible to determine heat fluxes under burnout conditions. Unusually low values of critical heat fluxes were obtained under such conditions.

  20. A Study of Couple Burnout in Infertile Couples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghavi, Fatemeh; Jamale, Safieh; Mosalanejad, Leili; Mosallanezhad, Zahra

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Infertility is a major crisis that can cause psychological problems and emotionally distressing experiences, and eventually affect a couples’ relationship. The objective of this study is to investigate couple burnout in infertile couples who were undergoing treatmentat the Infertility Clinic of Yazd, Iran. Method: The present study is a cross-sectional descriptive one on 98 infertile couples referringto the Infertility Centerof Yazd, Iran, who were chosen on a simple random sampling basis. The measuring tools consisted of the Couple Burnout Measure (CBM) and a demographic questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS 16 and the statistical tests of ANOVA and t-test. P-values less than 0.05 were considered as significant. Results: The results show that infertile women experience higher levels of couple burnout than their husbands (pburnout—psychological burnout (pburnout (pburnout (p<0.001)—between wives and husbands show that women are at greater risk. Conclusion: Infertile couples’ emotional, mental, and sexual problems need to be addressed as part of the infertility treatment programs, and psychotherapists should be included in the medical team. PMID:26573033

  1. Burnout prediction using advance image analysis coal characterization techniques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Edward Lester; Dave Watts; Michael Cloke [University of Nottingham, Nottingham (United Kingdom). School of Chemical Environmental and Mining Engineering

    2003-07-01

    The link between petrographic composition and burnout has been investigated previously by the authors. However, these predictions were based on 'bulk' properties of the coal, including the proportion of each maceral or the reflectance of the macerals in the whole sample. Combustion studies relating burnout with microlithotype analysis, or similar, remain less common partly because the technique is more complex than maceral analysis. Despite this, it is likely that any burnout prediction based on petrographic characteristics will become more accurate if it includes information about the maceral associations and the size of each particle. Chars from 13 coals, 106-125 micron size fractions, were prepared using a Drop Tube Furnace (DTF) at 1300{degree}C and 200 millisecond and 1% Oxygen. These chars were then refired in the DTF at 1300{degree}C 5% oxygen and residence times of 200, 400 and 600 milliseconds. The progressive burnout of each char was compared with the characteristics of the initial coals. This paper presents an extension of previous studies in that it relates combustion behaviour to coals that have been characterized on a particle by particle basis using advanced image analysis techniques. 13 refs., 7 figs.

  2. Burnout in the horizontal tubes of a furnace waterwall panel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    B.Y. Kamenetskii [All-Russia Research Institute of Nuclear Power Engineering (OAO VNIIAM), Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2009-07-01

    An experimental study of heat transfer that occurs in tubes nonuniformly heated over the perimeter at low velocities of subcooled water flowing in them is presented. Experiments with unsteady supply of heat made it possible to determine heat fluxes under burnout conditions. Unusually low values of critical heat fluxes were obtained under such conditions.

  3. Longitudinal Analysis of Academic Burnout in Korean Middle School Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Boyoung; Lee, Minyoung; Kim, Keunhwa; Choi, Hyunju; Lee, Sang Min

    2015-10-01

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the longitudinal relationships between the initial values and slopes of three dimensions of burnout syndrome (i.e. emotional exhaustion, cynicism and academic inefficacy). The study utilized four-wave longitudinal data from a total of 367 (81.6% response rate) middle school students in South Korea. Comprising a 6-month interval survey, the first survey was conducted in June 2010, the second in December 2010, the third in June 2011 and the fourth in December 2011. All participants were 13-year-olds at the first and second surveys, and 14-year-olds at the third and fourth surveys. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey was used for each survey to assess the level of academic burnout. The longitudinal data were analysed using latent growth modelling. The results of the study indicated that high initial values (intercept) for emotional exhaustion were associated with a higher rate of increase (slope) in cynicism and academic inefficacy. On the other hand, high initial values for cynicism and academic inefficacy were associated with a lower rate of increase in the other dimensions. This longitudinal study should promote understanding of burned-out students and contribute to the literature by informing the design of prevention programmes for academic burnout. PMID:24452964

  4. Nitrogen Chemistry During Burnout in Fuel-Staged Combustion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Per Gravers; Glarborg, Peter; Dam-Johansen, Kim

    1996-01-01

    A parametric study involving flow reactor experiments and chemical kinetic modeling is presented for the burnout zone in fuel-staging (reburning). The results provide guidelines for optimizing the reburn process and provide a test basis for verifying kinetic models for nitrogen chemistry at...

  5. The crossover of burnout and its relation to partner health

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.B. Bakker (Arnold)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractTwo studies among medical residents and teachers in the Netherlands and Greece tested the hypothesis that burnout may transfer from employees to their intimate partners at home and indirectly influence the partner's health. Study 1 included a general index of self-rated health, whereas,

  6. Teacher Temperament: Correlates with Teacher Caring, Burnout, and Organizational Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teven, Jason J.

    2007-01-01

    This study utilized the Big Five personality measure to assess the relationships among teacher temperament, caring orientation, and dimensions of teacher burnout. Perceptions of supervisor caring, job satisfaction, and teacher motivation were assessed. Respondents in this study were 48 college faculty teaching a variety of classes at a…

  7. Psychosocial Correlates of Burnout and Depression in HIV Counselors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirsalimi, Hamid; Roffe, Michael W.

    Job stress in health care professionals who provide care to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) patients has been a subject of interest to a number of health center and hospital physicians, administrators, and to some extent, behavioral scientists. In this study psychosocial correlates of burnout and depression in HIV counselors were…

  8. Exercise Fatigue in Adolescents: Diagnosis of Athlete Burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowland, Thomas W.

    1986-01-01

    Chronic fatigue, declining performance, and mental lassitude, all symptoms of athlete burnout syndrome, require a comprehensive diagnostic approach. Many factors which can interfere with normal exercise capacity are easily treatable so a careful search is important. Three case studies are presented. (Author/MT)

  9. Burnout in Hospital Social Workers Who Work with AIDS Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oktay, Julianne S.

    1992-01-01

    Surveyed 128 hospital social workers who worked with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) patients. Found that hospital AIDS social workers had slightly higher rates of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization on Maslach Burnout Inventory but also felt substantially higher level of personal accomplishment. Age, autonomy, and belonging to…

  10. Single-event burnout of epitaxial bipolar transistors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuboyama, Satoshi; Sugimoto, Kenji; Matsuda, Sumio [National Space Development Agency of Japan, Ysukuba, Ibaraki (Japan); Hirao, Toshio

    1998-10-01

    Single-event burnout (SEB) of bipolar junction transistors (BJTs) has been observed nondestructively. It was revealed that all the NPN BJTs including small signal transistors with thinner epitaxial layer were inherently susceptible to the SEB phenomenon. It was demonstrated that several design parameters of BJTs were responsible for SEB susceptibility. Additionally, destructive and nondestructive modes of SEB were identified. (author)

  11. Are there evident connections between burnout syndrome and cardiovascular risks?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kebza, V.; Šolcová, Iva

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 1, Supp 1 (2007), s. 55. ISSN 1743-7199. [Conference of the EHPS /21./ "Health Psychology and Society". 15.08.2007-18.08.2007, Maastricht] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA406/06/0747 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70250504 Keywords : burnout syndrome * blood pressure * hostility Subject RIV: AN - Psychology

  12. Single-event burnout of epitaxial bipolar transistors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuboyama, S.; Sugimoto, K.; Shugyo, S.; Matsuda, S. [National Space Development Agency of Japan, Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan); Hirao, T. [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Takasaki, Gunma (Japan)

    1998-12-01

    Single-Event Burnout (SEB) of bipolar junction transistors (BJTs) has been observed nondestructively. It was revealed that all the NPN BJTs, including small signal transistors, with thinner epitaxial layers were inherently susceptible to the SEB phenomenon. It was demonstrated that several design parameters of BJTs were responsible for SEB susceptibility. Additionally, destructive and nondestructive modes of SEB were identified.

  13. Inventario de Burnout en Deportistas Revisado (IBD-R

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique J. Garc\\u00E9s de Los Fayos Ruiz

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available La revisión del Inventario de Burnout en Deportistas (IBD supone ofrecer una versión mejorada del primer instrumento de evaluación del síndrome que se utilizó en nuestro país. El IBD, que ha permitido profundizar en el conocimiento del burnout tanto desde una perspectiva investigadora como aplicada, requería mejores ajustes estadísticos que, entre otras cuestiones, garantizaran la mejor medida posible de este problema psicológico en deportistas. Se presenta en la introducción el estado actual de la medida del burnout, revisando la evolución de la misma. Se describe, en el apartado de metodología las características principales de los 460 deportistas que configuran la muestra, y a lo largo del apartado de resultados se da cuenta de una serie de indicadores psicométricos que nos hacen ser optimistas en cuanto a la evolución lograda con el IBD-R que ofrecemos, así como con la evaluación que ofrece del burnout a través de sus tres dimensiones: Agotamiento Emocional, Despersonalización y Reducida Realización Personal, discutiendo los mismos al final del trabajo.

  14. An Analysis of Burnout and Job Satisfaction among Turkish Special School Headteachers and Teachers, and the Factors Effecting Their Burnout and Job Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sari, Hakan

    2004-01-01

    This study explores issues of burnout and job satisfaction among special school headteachers and teachers in Turkey. The purpose of the study is to determine whether there is a difference between headteachers' and teachers' burnout and job satisfaction in terms of work status, gender and work experiences, and to analyse the factors effecting their…

  15. Prevalence of burnout syndrome among anesthesiologists in the Federal District

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edno Magalhães

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Burnout syndrome is a result of chronic stress, characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and a sense of low professional accomplishment. It affects workers under extreme responsibility or those who care for individuals at risk, including anesthesiologists who distanced themselves from the work, patients and colleagues because they feel safer in maintaining indifference. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of burnout syndrome and the intensity of its components and identify the characteristics of those with the syndrome among anesthesiologists in the Federal District. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was carried out with 241 anesthesiologists enrolled in the Society of Anesthesiology of the Federal District. A self-administered questionnaire was used, which included the Maslach Burnout Inventory, demographic, professional, and leisure data. RESULTS: Of the 134 completed questionnaires (55.8%, there was a predominance of male (65.6%, aged 30-50 years (67.9%. Significant lower levels of job satisfaction (47.7%, depersonalization (28.3%, and emotional exhaustion (23.1% were found. Burnout syndrome showed a prevalence of 10.4%, occurring mainly in men (64.2%, aged 30-50 years (64.2%, with over 10 years of experience (64.2%, working in night shifts (71.4%, sedentary (57.1%, and not taking courses unrelated to medicine (78.5%. Of the participants, 50.7% had at least one of the three criteria to develop the syndrome and only 8.2% have a low risk to manifest it. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of burnout is relevant among anesthesiologists in the Federal District. It is advisable to seek strategies for labor restructuring to reduce stress factors and loss of motivation and increase job satisfaction.

  16. Burnout syndrome in Cypriot physiotherapists: a national survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raftopoulos Vasilios

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Burnout in the healthcare workers is formally defined as a state of physical, emotional and mental exhaustion caused by long-term involvement in situations that are emotionally demanding. Methods Using a random stratified sampling method and taking into account geographical location, specialty and type of employment, 172 physiotherapists working both in the private and public sectors completed an anonymous questionnaire that included several aspects related to burnout; the MBI scale, questions related to occupational stress, and questions pertaining to self image. Results Almost half (46% of the 172 participants believed that their job is stressful. Approximately 57% of the physiotherapists who worked in the public sector and 40% of those who worked in the private sector (p = 0.038 reported that their job is stressful. In total, 21.1% of participants met Maslach's criteria for burnout. The point prevalence of burnout was as follows: (1 13.8% of those who worked in the public sector and 25.5% of those in the private sector (2 22.2% of males and 20% of females (3 21.6% who were married, 18% who were single and 33.3% who were separated. Gender was found to be associated with the level of personal accomplishment (chi-squared test; p = 0.049, as 17.8% of men compared with 24.3% of women reported high personal accomplishment. The number of years of working as a physiotherapist correlated negatively (r = -0.229, p = 0.004 with the total depersonalization score. Regression analysis showed that the perception that the job is stressful (p Conclusions Burnout levels in physiotherapists in Cyprus ranged from low to moderate.

  17. Burnout syndrom as a mental health problem among medical students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Backović Dušan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Mental health problems of adolescents are among the prevailing problems of public health. While studying for their future medical profession, the students of medicine have to exchange emotions with the patients intensively, and the empathic relationship itself bears a risk of eventual ”emotional depletion”, which leads to ”professional lack of emotions”. The study was aimed at presenting burnout syndrome as a challenge for mental health of medical students, its importance for the future professional engagement of doctors and the possibilities of its prevention. Methods. The authors of this paper review and analyze data and conclusions of previous national and international studies from this field and suggest possibilities of overcoming the condition of burnout. Results. The frequency of burnout syndrome, which is the synonym for the above mentioned condition of emotional exhaustion, is twice as high in medical professionals, particularly young ones, as in other professions on average. Burnout syndrome is nowadays regarded as a psychological distress experienced during the educational process and it has been observed in as many as 50% of medical students. The most significant factors independently associated with student burnout are: personality traits, stressful personal life events and learning and training conditions at their faculties. Conclusions. It is of utmost importance to understand the causes and consequences of psychological distress in students, and the faculties should not only identify these problems, but also endeavor to promote health by developing strategies for improving personal well-being, which are important for future doctors to achieve professional success and develop resistance to stress.

  18. The Dark Side of Resilience and Burnout: A Moderation-Mediation Model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luke Treglown

    Full Text Available This study tested whether specific dark-side traits may be beneficial in manifesting and maintaining Resilience, whilst others are vulnerability factors for Burnout. Four hundred and fifty-one (50 female ambulance personnel completed three questionnaires as a part of a selection and development assessment. The study utilised the Hogan Development survey as a measure of dark side personality, the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory to assess work-related burnout, and the Resilience Scale- 14 to measure resilience levels. Those high on Excitable and Cautious but low on Bold and Reserved were linked to an increased vulnerability to Burnout. Also those high on Bold and Diligent yet low on the Excitable, Cautious, and Imaginative scales were more resilient. Structural Equation Modelling revealed that resilience plays both a mediating and moderating role on personality and burnout. Theoretical implications suggest future research assessing the predictive capacity of psychological variables on burnout should account the indirect effect of resilience.

  19. The Dark Side of Resilience and Burnout: A Moderation-Mediation Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Treglown, Luke; Palaiou, Kat; Zarola, Anthony; Furnham, Adrian

    2016-01-01

    This study tested whether specific dark-side traits may be beneficial in manifesting and maintaining Resilience, whilst others are vulnerability factors for Burnout. Four hundred and fifty-one (50 female) ambulance personnel completed three questionnaires as a part of a selection and development assessment. The study utilised the Hogan Development survey as a measure of dark side personality, the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory to assess work-related burnout, and the Resilience Scale- 14 to measure resilience levels. Those high on Excitable and Cautious but low on Bold and Reserved were linked to an increased vulnerability to Burnout. Also those high on Bold and Diligent yet low on the Excitable, Cautious, and Imaginative scales were more resilient. Structural Equation Modelling revealed that resilience plays both a mediating and moderating role on personality and burnout. Theoretical implications suggest future research assessing the predictive capacity of psychological variables on burnout should account the indirect effect of resilience. PMID:27336304

  20. The Dark Side of Resilience and Burnout: A Moderation-Mediation Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Treglown, Luke; Palaiou, Kat; Zarola, Anthony; Furnham, Adrian

    2016-01-01

    This study tested whether specific dark-side traits may be beneficial in manifesting and maintaining Resilience, whilst others are vulnerability factors for Burnout. Four hundred and fifty-one (50 female) ambulance personnel completed three questionnaires as a part of a selection and development assessment. The study utilised the Hogan Development survey as a measure of dark side personality, the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory to assess work-related burnout, and the Resilience Scale– 14 to measure resilience levels. Those high on Excitable and Cautious but low on Bold and Reserved were linked to an increased vulnerability to Burnout. Also those high on Bold and Diligent yet low on the Excitable, Cautious, and Imaginative scales were more resilient. Structural Equation Modelling revealed that resilience plays both a mediating and moderating role on personality and burnout. Theoretical implications suggest future research assessing the predictive capacity of psychological variables on burnout should account the indirect effect of resilience. PMID:27336304