WorldWideScience

Sample records for building foundations

  1. Urban heritage, building maintenance: foundations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verhoef, L.G.W.

    1999-01-01

    What do we understand by the term 'foundations'? This general idea may embody the literal ' groundwork' that provides support for a building and may possibly include the entire structural works that serve to pre vent subsidence. Remarkably, in this definition the word 'groundwork' incorporates both

  2. Cyber warfare building the scientific foundation

    CERN Document Server

    Jajodia, Sushil; Subrahmanian, VS; Swarup, Vipin; Wang, Cliff

    2015-01-01

    This book features a wide spectrum of the latest computer science research relating to cyber warfare, including military and policy dimensions. It is the first book to explore the scientific foundation of cyber warfare and features research from the areas of artificial intelligence, game theory, programming languages, graph theory and more. The high-level approach and emphasis on scientific rigor provides insights on ways to improve cyber warfare defense worldwide. Cyber Warfare: Building the Scientific Foundation targets researchers and practitioners working in cyber security, especially gove

  3. Effective Structures of Tamped Foundations of Frame Buildings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bartolomey Leonid

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The application results of foundations in a tamped ditch in complex geotechnical conditions are strongly considered. The article informs about the experience of the effective foundation application instead of pile foundations. Also, a special attention is given to stress-strain analysis in the active zone of the soil basement of the foundation in a tamped ditch. The article exposes innovative technology of transformation the soil materials structure. Presents the results of studies of innovative soil materials state in the field of geotechnics and foundation engineering. This article seems to be interesting for those who work in the field of building construction and geotechnics.

  4. Foundational Academic Development: Building Collegiality across Divides?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, Catherine; Reid, Jacqueline

    2013-01-01

    There is limited research into the effectiveness of non-accredited foundational courses for new academic staff. An ongoing issue is that of attention and anxiety overload in the critical first period of employment when the challenges of establishing oneself in a new collegial environment are most acute. Approaches to addressing this issue may be…

  5. Green buildings. Laying tomorrow's foundations today

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dijk, H.A.L. van

    2013-01-01

    Expectations about what buildings should be like have dramatically changed over time. Now the industry must strive to meet demands for functionality, comfort and design together with environmental sustainability and energy efficiency. ISO has developed a toolbox of practical state-of-the-art Interna

  6. Building Management System Using Windows Communication Foundation And XAML

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Swarnalatha P,

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Building Automation System (BAS will be extended for including different kinds of information, working towards to goal of Intelligent Building Management System. The next generation ofInternet technology uses Windows Communication Foundation as middleware technology for integration of different building automation systems (BAS since Web Services will support only http protocol which is stateless. The applications used for controlling building management system (BMS components like sensors, actuators, and controllers. In this paper we propose a Service Oriented Architecture(SOA for building Management system based upon Windows Communication Foundation and XAML used for integrating different BAS.A BAS which consists of BACnet network their BMS is applied. Their exist some publically exposed Windows Communication Foundation contracts, which write and read BACnet data points from the backnet work. These contracts will be called by other enterprise applications for realize BAS integration and get real-time data on BACnet network as a facilities Management. XAML will be provided at client side GUIs for the BMS which can be reused for different kinds of applications.Finally we discuss challenges in providing security to Building Automation Systems using proposed system.

  7. Integrated Strip Foundation Systems for Small Residential Buildings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Torben Valdbjørn

    2010-01-01

    A prefabricated lightweight element was designed for a strip foundation that was used on site as the bases of two small residential buildings, in this case single-family houses; one was built with a double-brick exterior wall separated by mineral fiber insulation and the other was built with a wood...

  8. Investigation of foundation pit excavation influence on adjacent buildings

    OpenAIRE

    Zertsalov Mikhail Grigor'evich; Kazachenko Sergey Andreevich; Konyukhov Dmitriy Sergeevich

    2014-01-01

    Modern urban policies, particularly in major towns, involve the active use of underground space that poses the problem of assessing the impact of excavation on the existing buildings as one of the most urgent. Surface and semi-closed construction methods are currently widespread in the process of urban civil and transport underground facilities construction. The depth of excavation can reach 30 m, but more often, in everyday practice common foundation pits have shallower depth, accommodating ...

  9. Building the Foundations and Enterprise Capabilities for Digital Leadership

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    El Sawy, Omar; Kræmmergaard, Pernille; Amsinck, Henrik;

    2015-01-01

    -and-mortar companies to be competitively successful in this new dynamic environment, a major organizational transformation for digitalization is needed and critical. While such transformations are not unusual, it is less clear how an enterprise can effectively build the foundations and nurture the path to enterprise......-long digitalization journey and experience of the LEGO Group in Denmark. LEGO made wooden toys when it was started in 1932 – in 2014 it was the No. 2 toy company in the world based on annual sales and No. 1 based on growth and valuation, and it counts leveraging digitalization as one of its core strategic pillars....... learn new ways of thinking about digital leadership? How does such a vision emanate through the top management team and within all ranks? What are the changes needed in the corporate IT function’s structure and its role as an orchestrator of digital innovation? How does the role of the CIO change? What...

  10. Foundations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harteveld, Casper

    A building will more likely collapse if it does not have any proper foundations. Similarly, the design philosophy of Triadic Game Design (TGD) needs to reside on solid building blocks, otherwise the concept will collapse as well. In this level I will elaborate on these building blocks. First I will explain what the general idea of TGD is. It is a design philosophy, for sure, but one which stresses that an “optimum” needs to be found in a design space constituted by three different worlds: Reality, Meaning, and Play. Additionally, these worlds need to be considered simultaneously and be treated equally. The latter requires balancing the worlds which may result in different tensions, within and between two or three of the worlds. I continue by discussing each of the worlds and showing their perspective on the field of games with a meaningful purpose. From this, we clearly see that it is feasible to think of each world and that the idea makes sense. I substantiate this further by relating the notion of player and similar approaches to this framework. This level is quite a tough pill to swallow yet essential for finishing the other levels. Do not cheat or simply skip this level, but just take a big cup of coffee or tea and start reading it.

  11. Protection Measures for Buildings Based on Coordinating Action Theory of Ground, Foundation and Structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Based on the theory of coordinating action of building ground, foundation and structure, this paper presents a modified method for calculating additional stresses on buildings in mining areas by considering the joint effect of curvature deformation and horizontal deformation on buildings. It points out that for buildings over the coal pillar, it is advisable to soften the intermediate ground of buildings when they are affected by mining. For buildings over the goaf, it is preferable to soften the ground at both ends of buildings. In order to enhance the ability of a building to resist tensile deformation, the key measure is to reinforce the bottom foundation of the building. In addition, the concept of "angle of break of building" is proposed. It is because of this angle that the protecting coal pillar is left, which is a better solution than prevailing solutions The findings provide a more scientific basis for mining under buildings.

  12. Safety analysis of building foundations over old goaf under additional stress from building load and seismic actions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu Ping; Mao Xianbiao; Zhang Minxia; Zhou Yuejin; Yu Bangyong

    2014-01-01

    Additional displacement of the building foundations over old goaf are prone to happen under the addi-tional loads induced by new buildings, weakening-rock mass by mining and seismic actions, which will cause serious damage to the buildings. In order to analyze the safety of the building foundations safety over the old goaf, the structure characteristics of the strata over the old goaf was investigated and the instability conditions of overhanging rocks upon old goaf were also analyzed in this paper. The results indicate that the stability of overhanging rocks is remarkably decreased by the interactions of mining fractures, earthquake force and building load, in addition, the settlement of the foundations over old goaf is increased by the instability of overhanging rocks. According to the location of a new power plant in Yima Mine and its ambient conditions, we defined the influence scope of old goaf via resistivity tomography. Based on the seismic parameters of the construction site, a numerical FLAC3d model of the building foundation under the seismic actions and building load was developed. The numerical results are obtained as follows: the foundation of the main power house meets the requirement of 6? seismic fortification intensity;however, under 7? seismic fortification intensity, the maximum differential settlement of foundation between the neighboring pillars is close to the maximum allowable value, while the seismic fortification intensity reaches 8?, but the safety requirements will not be satisfied.

  13. Building mathematical foundations for time-dependent density functional theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this presentation we study the essential mathematical structures for a rigorous foundation of time-dependent density functional theory, a reformulation of many-body quantum mechanics where the wave function as a fundamental variable is replaced by the electronic density. We introduce a new fixed-point proof of the fundamental one-to-one correspondence between densities and external potentials. Our approach not only sharpens the Theorems of Runge and Gross and van Leeuwen, as no additional time regularity is needed, but also yields interesting restrictions on the density and leads to a problem-adapted set of external potentials.

  14. Dendrochronological dating and provenancing of timber used as foundation piles under historic buildings in The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sass-Klaassen, U.; Vernimmen, T.; Baittinger, C.

    2008-01-01

    In this study, we investigated whether dendrochronology can be used to determine the felling dates and origin of the trees that were used as wooden pile foundations under historic buildings. Dating and dendroprovenancing of the timber was possible for eight out of nine buildings. This is due mainly

  15. Building a Strong Foundation: Apprenticeships Provide Earning, Learning Opportunities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finkel, Ed

    2016-01-01

    Partnerships between community colleges and employers to create apprenticeships have been around for decades. These traditionally have covered fields like the building trades--electrical, construction and others--as well as heavy manufacturing like the automobile industry. Inspired partly by a new federal apprenticeship consortium--and $175…

  16. Measurement Invariance: A Foundational Principle for Quantitative Theory Building

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nimon, Kim; Reio, Thomas G., Jr.

    2011-01-01

    This article describes why measurement invariance is a critical issue to quantitative theory building within the field of human resource development. Readers will learn what measurement invariance is and how to test for its presence using techniques that are accessible to applied researchers. Using data from a LibQUAL+[TM] study of user…

  17. A theoretical foundation for building Knowledge-work Support Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Laha, Arijit

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we propose a novel approach aimed at building a new class of information system platforms which we call the "Knowledge-work Support Systems" or KwSS. KwSS can play a significant role in enhancing the IS support for knowledge management processes, including those customarily identified as less amenable to IS support. In our approach we try to enhance basic functionalities provided by the computer-based information systems, namely, that of improving the efficiency of the knowledge workers in accessing, processing and creating useful information. The improvement, along with proper focus on cultural, social and other aspects of the knowledge management processes, can enhance the workers' efficiency significantly in performing high quality knowledge works. In order to build the proposed approach, we develop several new concepts. The approach analyzes the information availability and usage from the knowledge workers and their works' perspectives and consequently brings forth more transparency in vario...

  18. Building a foundation to study distributed information behaviour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terry L. von Thaden

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The purpose of this research is to assess information behaviour as it pertains to operational teams in dynamic safety critical operations. Method. In this paper, I describe some of the problems faced by crews on modern flight decks and suggest a framework modelled on Information Science, Human Factors, and Activity Theory research to assess the distribution of information actions, namely information identification, gathering and use, by teams of users in a dynamic, safety critical environment. Analysis. By analysing the information behaviour of crews who have accidents and those who do not, researchers may be able to ascertain how they (fail to make use of essential, safety critical information in their information environment. The ultimate goal of this research is to differentiate information behaviour among the distinct outcomes. Results. This research affords the possibility to discern differences in distributed information behaviour illustrating that crews who err to the point of an accident appear to practice different distributed information behaviour than those who do not. This foundation serves to operationalise team sense-making through illustrating the social practice of information structuring within the activity of the work environment. Conclusion. . The distributed information behaviour framework provides a useful structure to study the patterning and organization of information distributed over space and time, to reach a common goal. This framework may allow researchers and investigators alike to identify critical information activity in the negotiation of meaning in high reliability safety critical work, eventually informing safer practice. This framework is applicable to other domains.

  19. Design of Continuous Flight Auger Pile Foundation for a Multi-Storey Apartment Building

    OpenAIRE

    Yatskevich, Yulia

    2010-01-01

    The object of this work was studying, systemizing and describing continuous flight auger (CFA) pile foundation design for a residential complex and calculating the bearing capacity of a single СFA pile on the basis of Russian Building Code. This thesis was written on the request of the YIT Lentek JSK Design Department. The information for the theoretical part was gathered from Russian Building Codes, theoretical manuals, other common available materials (including the Internet), and proje...

  20. Building America Case Study: Optimized Slab-on-Grade Foundation Insulation Retrofits, Madison, Wisconsin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2016-05-01

    A more accurate assessment of SOG foundation insulation energy savings than traditionally possible is now feasible. This has been enabled by advances in whole building energy simulation with 3-dimensional foundation modelling integration at each time step together with an experimental measurement of the site energy savings of SOG foundation insulation. Ten SOG insulation strategies were evaluated on a test building to identify an optimum retrofit insulation strategy in a zone 6 climate (Minneapolis, MN). The optimum insulation strategy in terms of energy savings and cost effectiveness consisted of two components: (a) R-20 XPS insulation above grade, and, (b) R-20 insulation at grade (comprising an outer layer of R-10 insulation and an interior layer of R-12 poured polyurethane insulation) tapering to R-10 XPS insulation at half the below-grade wall height (the lower half of the stem wall was uninsulated). The optimum insulation strategy was applied to single and multi-family residential buildings in climate zone 4 - 7. The highest site energy savings of 5% was realized for a single family home in Duluth, MN, and the lowest savings of 1.4 percent for a 4-unit townhouse in Richmond, VA. SOG foundation insulation retrofit simple paybacks ranged from 18 to 47 years. There are other benefits of SOG foundation insulation resulting from the increase in the slab surface temperatures. These include increased occupant thermal comfort, and a decrease in slab surface condensation particularly around the slab perimeter.

  1. Effect of Adjacent Structures on Foundation Response of Tower Building from SSI Analysis Incorporating Wave Incoherence

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seismic response at foundation of large building caused by strong ground motion has tendency to be less intense than corresponding free-field motion, especially in high frequency range. To explain this phenomenon and to apply it to practical soil-structure interaction (SSI) analysis, concept of wave incoherence (or spatial variation) was introduced. The spatial variation of ground motion can be quantified by coherency function, and several coherency functions have been developed for engineering purpose. However, there is little investigation about their application to SSI analysis and design for buildings influenced by adjacent structures. This paper is focused on the seismic response of a building whose foundation lies between those of nearby structures. Specifically, a tower building consisting of steel and concrete is modeled, and the building is assumed to be located on rock media. Analyses are categorized into four cases according to the type of foundation and the existence of adjacent structures. For each case, the results from incoherent SSI analysis are compared with those from coherent analysis to investigate the effect on the seismic response of the building

  2. Project description: Foundations and tools for building well-behaved systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Katajainen, Jyrki; Elmasry, Amr; Elverkilde, Jon Daniel;

    We aim at doing basic research on the theoretical foundations on how to build reliable, safe, and fast software systems, and developing tools that make the construction and maintenance of such systems easier. The theoretical questions taken up are related to algorithms, exception safety, and memory...

  3. The Implementation of Industry Foundation Classes in Simulation Tools for the Building Industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bazjanac, Vladimir; Crawley, Drury B.

    1997-06-01

    Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) provide an environment of interoperability among IFC-compliant software applications in the architecture, engineering, construction, and facilities management (AEC/FM) industry. They allow building simulation software to automatically acquire building geometry and other building data from project models created with IFC compliant CAD software. They also facilitate direct exchange of input and output data with other simulation software. This paper discusses how simulation software can be made compliant with version 1.5 of the IFC. It also describes the immediate plans for expansion of IFC and the process of definition and addition of new classes to the model.

  4. Investigation of Foundation Failure of a Residential Building – A Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Nagarajan

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Movement and distress in low rise building most commonly occur as a result of interaction between the footing system and the ground. This summarizes the study that is carried out to evaluate the possible causes of distress in the G+1 residential building founded on shallow foundation in Chennai, Tamilnadu, India by Detailed Investigation. Disturbed and Undisturbed samples are collected by drilling borehole up to significant depth by auger. Laboratory tests are carried out on disturbed and undisturbed soil samples obtained from the site of distressed building. The cause of failure of the structure are identified by considering the soil properties, intensity of loading, nature of foundation and pattern of cracks developed. Based on the degree of distress, the suitable measures are recommended.

  5. TEACHING OPTIMIZATION OF STUDENTS AT DESIGN OF BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES FOUNDATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MISURA Lid. V.

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Raising of problem. According to world statistics, more than 75 % of all violations of the normal operation of buildings and structures is due to deficiencies in the design, construction and operation of bases and foundations [1]. The costs to eliminate these negative effects can be compared only with the initial cost of construction, it speaks about the relevance of teaching subjects related to the design of foundations. On the other hand increased demands on the students' knowledge, raises the amount of information that needs to absorb at constant periods of instruction, which makes the current process optimization study of these disciplines. Purpose. The aim of the article is to present the software package that allows to facilitate and accelerate the calculation and check the parameters of foundations and bases for the design of buildings and structures. The software product is designed as an educational complex, which allows the student to help with the calculations in different levels of difficulty and test his knowledge. Conclusion. The program complex, which consists of a program for dimensioning the foundations, the program for calculating the parameters of the bases, of the database. It is confirmed stable operation of the school complex (the program, measures were taken to test the program, helped to make it stable. The training complex is designed only for shallow foundations, so the work will be continued.

  6. Settlement Prediction for Buildings Surrounding Foundation Pits Based on a Stationary Auto-regression Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TIAN Lin-ya; HUA Xi-sheng

    2007-01-01

    To ensure the safety of buildings surrounding foundation pits, a study was made on a settlement monitoring and trend prediction method. A statistical testing method for analyzing the stability of a settlement monitoring datum has been discussed. According to a comprehensive survey, data of 16 stages at operating control point, were verified by a standard t test to determine the stability of the operating control point. A stationary auto-regression model, AR(p), used for the observation point settlement prediction has been investigated. Given the 16 stages of the settlement data at an observation point, the applicability of this model was analyzed. Settlement of last four stages was predicted using the stationary auto-regression model AR (1); the maximum difference between predicted and measured values was 0.6 mm,indicating good prediction results of the model. Hence, this model can be applied to settlement predictions for buildings surrounding foundation pits.

  7. Soil structure interaction analysis for a reactor building with a pile foundation system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present paper presents the SSI analysis and Floor Response Spectra (FRS) generation for a Reactor Building (RB) with a pile foundation system. This work was done within the scope of Probabilistic Safety Analysis Level 1 - external events, (1993). The task was to produce the best estimated seismic structure response including FRS and seismic displacements, taking into account the SSI effects. The uniform hazard ground response spectra, was provided by seismological studies. The soil dynamic parameters are based on site measurements. The analysis was carried out using two parallel methods in order to calibrate the analytical models and to create cross check. The analysis flow chart is presented. In addition analyses of building - soil -building interaction and equipment - building interaction were performed to determine the best estimated relative displacements between the supports points of the main steam line. (author). 8 refs., 5 figs., 5 tabs

  8. Soil structure interaction analysis for a reactor building with a pile foundation system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coman, O. [Stevenson and Associates Office in Bucharest, (Romania); Ree, H. van de [N.V. Kema, Arnhem (Netherlands). Transmission and Distribution

    1995-12-31

    The present paper presents the SSI analysis and Floor Response Spectra (FRS) generation for a Reactor Building (RB) with a pile foundation system. This work was done within the scope of Probabilistic Safety Analysis Level 1 - external events, (1993). The task was to produce the best estimated seismic structure response including FRS and seismic displacements, taking into account the SSI effects. The uniform hazard ground response spectra, was provided by seismological studies. The soil dynamic parameters are based on site measurements. The analysis was carried out using two parallel methods in order to calibrate the analytical models and to create cross check. The analysis flow chart is presented. In addition analyses of building - soil -building interaction and equipment - building interaction were performed to determine the best estimated relative displacements between the supports points of the main steam line. (author). 8 refs., 5 figs., 5 tabs.

  9. Estimating the oxygenated zone beneath building foundations for petroleum vapor intrusion assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verginelli, Iason; Yao, Yijun; Wang, Yue; Ma, Jie; Suuberg, Eric M

    2016-07-15

    Previous studies show that aerobic biodegradation can effectively reduce hydrocarbon soil gas concentrations by orders of magnitude. Increasingly, oxygen limited biodegradation is being included in petroleum vapor intrusion (PVI) guidance for risk assessment at leaking underground storage tank sites. The application of PVI risk screening tools is aided by the knowledge of subslab oxygen conditions, which, however, are not commonly measured during site investigations. Here we introduce an algebraically explicit analytical method that can estimate oxygen conditions beneath the building slab, for PVI scenarios with impervious or pervious building foundations. Simulation results by this new model are then used to illustrate the role of site-specific conditions in determining the oxygen replenishment below the building for both scenarios. Furthermore, critical slab-width-to-source-depth ratios and critical source depths for the establishment of a subslab "oxygen shadow" (i.e. anoxic zone below the building) are provided as a function of key parameters such as vapor source concentration, effective diffusion coefficients of concrete and building depth. For impervious slab scenarios the obtained results are shown in good agreement with findings by previous studies and further support the recommendation by U.S. EPA about the inapplicability of vertical exclusion distances for scenarios involving large buildings and high source concentrations. For pervious slabs, results by this new model indicate that even relatively low effective diffusion coefficients of concrete can facilitate the oxygen transport into the subsurface below the building and create oxygenated conditions below the whole slab foundation favorable for petroleum vapor biodegradation. PMID:27016669

  10. Development and Application of a Numerical Framework for Improving Building Foundation Heat Transfer Calculations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kruis, Nathanael J. F.

    Heat transfer from building foundations varies significantly in all three spatial dimensions and has important dynamic effects at all timescales, from one hour to several years. With the additional consideration of moisture transport, ground freezing, evapotranspiration, and other physical phenomena, the estimation of foundation heat transfer becomes increasingly sophisticated and computationally intensive to the point where accuracy must be compromised for reasonable computation time. The tools currently available to calculate foundation heat transfer are often either too limited in their capabilities to draw meaningful conclusions or too sophisticated to use in common practices. This work presents Kiva, a new foundation heat transfer computational framework. Kiva provides a flexible environment for testing different numerical schemes, initialization methods, spatial and temporal discretizations, and geometric approximations. Comparisons within this framework provide insight into the balance of computation speed and accuracy relative to highly detailed reference solutions. The accuracy and computational performance of six finite difference numerical schemes are verified against established IEA BESTEST test cases for slab-on-grade heat conduction. Of the schemes tested, the Alternating Direction Implicit (ADI) scheme demonstrates the best balance between accuracy, performance, and numerical stability. Kiva features four approaches of initializing soil temperatures for an annual simulation. A new accelerated initialization approach is shown to significantly reduce the required years of presimulation. Methods of approximating three-dimensional heat transfer within a representative two-dimensional context further improve computational performance. A new approximation called the boundary layer adjustment method is shown to improve accuracy over other established methods with a negligible increase in computation time. This method accounts for the reduced heat transfer

  11. Evaluation of soil-foundation-structure interaction effects on seismic response demands of multi-story MRF buildings on raft foundations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdel Raheem, Shehata E.; Ahmed, Mohamed M.; Alazrak, Tarek M. A.

    2015-03-01

    Soil conditions have a great deal to do with damage to structures during earthquakes. Hence the investigation on the energy transfer mechanism from soils to buildings during earthquakes is critical for the seismic design of multi-story buildings and for upgrading existing structures. Thus, the need for research into soil-structure interaction (SSI) problems is greater than ever. Moreover, recent studies show that the effects of SSI may be detrimental to the seismic response of structure and neglecting SSI in analysis may lead to un-conservative design. Despite this, the conventional design procedure usually involves assumption of fixity at the base of foundation neglecting the flexibility of the foundation, the compressibility of the underneath soil and, consequently, the effect of foundation settlement on further redistribution of bending moment and shear force demands. Hence the SSI analysis of multi-story buildings is the main focus of this research; the effects of SSI are analyzed for typical multi-story building resting on raft foundation. Three methods of analysis are used for seismic demands evaluation of the target moment-resistant frame buildings: equivalent static load; response spectrum methods and nonlinear time history analysis with suit of nine time history records. Three-dimensional FE model is constructed to investigate the effects of different soil conditions and number of stories on the vibration characteristics and seismic response demands of building structures. Numerical results obtained using SSI model with different soil conditions are compared to those corresponding to fixed-base support modeling assumption. The peak responses of story shear, story moment, story displacement, story drift, moments at beam ends, as well as force of inner columns are analyzed. The results of different analysis approaches are used to evaluate the advantages, limitations, and ease of application of each approach for seismic analysis.

  12. JUSTIFICATION OF RATIONAL FOUNDATION DESIGN FOR A BUILDING WITH A HIGH CENTER OF GRAVITY FOR CONSTRUCTION IN SEISMIC AREAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marinichev M. B.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The subjects of the study are the foundations of buildings with a high center of gravity, in particular, the foundations of high-rise buildings with developed upper floors due to the large consoles. From a set of loads, transferred to the high-rise building with a high center of gravity, we can highlight the most significant impacts, affecting the distribution of forces in the elements of the foundation. We reveal the factors playing a special role in the choice of design solutions for the foundations. The practical significance of this research is due to the demand for ground areas in the cities which are being developed, although they were previously considered unsuitable for construction. Today, one of the primary tasks for engineers and architects is increasing technical and economic performance of construction projects and meeting customers' requirements in the individual architecture. As a variant of increasing technical and economic performance of buildings in dense city building conditions is to use the arm structures in their design solutions that both low-rise and high-rise building can achieve the architectural attractiveness of the building and significantly increase the usable floor area. In the research, two types of the foundations were projected for the object which is an eight-apartment building in the ground conditions of Sochi. The analysis was carried out with such software as PC ING +. After receiving the results of numerical analyses we performed a comparative analysis of pile-slab and slab foundation with the seismicity of the construction site. Therefore, we have identified the most rational of two types of foundations

  13. FIELD INVESTIGATIONS OF PILED-RAFT FOUNDATIONS WITH SHORT-LENGTH CONIC PILES IN BUILDING AREAS OF MINSK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. A. Sernov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent time piled foundations are extensively applied due to an increase of storeys in buildings constructed in Minsk and load increment on the soil. Preference is given to this approach even in the case when relatively firm soil occurs in the top part of the foundation bed. In this case maximum usage of the foundation bed bearing capacity and reduction of foundation cost are considered as top-priority tasks for designers. One of the ways to increase the bearing capacity of piled foundations is the necessity to take into account resistance of foundation bed soil located under raft bottom. The raft as well as a shallow foundation is capable to transfer a significant part of building load into the soil. Such approach makes it possible to reduce a number of piles in the foundation or shorten their length. Then it results in shortening of the construction period and significant reduction in zero cycle. However up to the present moment reliable calculation methods that permit to take into account soil resistance in the raft base. An analysis of previous investigations on the matter executed by various researchers and a number of field investigations have been carried out with the purpose to develop the proposed methods.The paper presents results of field investigations on foundations consisting of short stamped tapered piles which are joined together with the help of the raft fragment. Strength and deformation characteristics of the bases are increasing while making such foundations in the fill-up soil. In this case the filled-up ground layer becomes a bearing layer both for piles and rafts as well. Improvement of high-plastic clay-bearing soil properties is ensured by ramming dry concrete mix under pile foot. The paper describes an experience on application of the piled-raft foundation in complicated engineering and geological conditions while constructing the Orthodox Church in Minsk.

  14. Building the Foundations and Enterprise Capabilities for Digital Leadership: The Lego Experience

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    El Sawy, Omar; Kræmmergaard, Pernille; Amsinck, Henrik;

    2015-01-01

    -and-mortar companies to be competitively successful in this new dynamic environment, a major organizational transformation for digitalization is needed and critical. While such transformations are not unusual, it is less clear how an enterprise can effectively build the foundations and nurture the path to enterprise......-long digitalization journey and experience of the LEGO Group in Denmark. LEGO made wooden toys when it was started in 1932 – in 2014 it was the No. 2 toy company in the world based on annual sales and No. 1 based on growth and valuation, and it counts leveraging digitalization as one of its core strategic pillars...... learn new ways of thinking about digital leadership? How does such a vision emanate through the top management team and within all ranks? What are the changes needed in the corporate IT function’s structure and its role as an orchestrator of digital innovation? How does the role of the CIO change? What...

  15. Treatment Method for a Pile Foundation Accident of 22 Storey Building%某22层建筑物桩基事帮的处理方法(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The original foundation design of a twenty-two-storey building, geological site condition of the foundation, and the appearance of pile foundation accident are described concisely. The treatment method and treatment effectiveness on this pile foundation accident are presented.

  16. Underpinning and reinforcement of building foundation nearby deep foundation pit%深基坑旁建筑物基础托换与加固

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢锐

    2013-01-01

    深基坑工程对邻近建筑物的影响,是一个难题.某地下工程开挖深基坑,旁边紧邻一栋7层混凝土框架结构建筑物,业主严格要求该建筑物不能产生沉降和水平位移.因此该项目采用了一系列技术措施:基坑采用土钉墙支护和水泥土桩帷幕止水,而建筑物采用人工挖孔灌注桩托换原基础,即采用将建筑物的荷载通过托换梁传递到人工挖孔灌注桩,再传递到深部稳定的基岩上的设计方法,不但提高了建筑基础承载力,而且避免了基坑位移对建筑物的损坏.施工中密切监测建筑基础的沉降和水平位移,保证了该建筑物的安全和正常使用.%It is a problem that neighboring buildings have been interfered by project of deep foundation pit. One project of deep foundation pit, which is next to a seven-floor concrete frame structure, will be excavated. The project uses a series of technology. The deep foundation pit uses soil nailing retaining wall and waterproof curtain of, cement-soil pile. The adjacent structure uses method of manual holing pouring piles to underpin the original foundation and that is a design method to transfer the building load to manual holing pouring piles, then to transfer to the deep stable bed rock. This improves the foundation bearing capacity and avoids the damage of the adjacent structure caused by the foundation pit displacement. In the construction, the sedimentation and horizontal displacement of the adjacent structure must be closely monitored. It ensures security and normal use of the adjacent structures.

  17. Standing on the toes of pygmies:. Why econophysics must be careful of the economic foundations on which it builds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keen, Steve

    2003-06-01

    Modern economic theory does not provide a sound foundation on which to build econophysics. Pivotal concepts like utility maximization, perfect competition, and diminishing marginal productivity are empirically and logically flawed. Physicists should not use any of these in econophysics, and should be wary of many other models accepted by economists.

  18. A Community-Based Food System: Building Health, Wealth, Connection, and Capacity as the Foundation of Our Economic Future

    OpenAIRE

    Bendfeldt, Eric S.; Walker, Martha; Bunn, Travis; Martin, Lisa; Barrow, Melanie

    2008-01-01

    An examination and exploration of the Martinsville region's capacity for expanding agricultural production,creating value-added products, potential to build and utilize the local food and farming system to meet growing demand and to be a foundational economic developmental tool.

  19. Building Micro-Foundations for the Routines, Capabilities, and Performance Links

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abell, Peter; Felin, Teppo; Foss, Nicolai Juul

    2007-01-01

    Micro-foundations have become an important emerging theme in strategic management. This paper addresses micro-foundations in two related ways. First, we argue that the kind of macro (or "collectivist") explanation that is utilized in the capabilities view in strategic management - which implies...... a neglect of micro-foundations - is incomplete. There are no mechanisms that work solely on the macro-level, directly connecting routines and capabilities to firm-level outcomes. While routines and capabilities are useful shorthand for complicated patterns of individual action and interaction, ultimately...... they are best understood at the micro-level. Second, we provide a formal model that shows precisely why macro explanation is incomplete and which exemplifies how explicit micro-foundations may be built for notions of routines and capabilities and for how these impact firm performance....

  20. Building America Special Research Project—High-R Foundations Case Study Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jonathan Smegal/John Straube

    2010-08-20

    This report considers a number of promising foundation and basement insulation strategies that can meet the requirement for better thermal control in colder climates while enhancing moisture control, health, and comfort.

  1. Building on the Foundations of Part C Legislation: Beginning the Conversation for Reauthorization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Patricia; Oser, Cindy; Walsh, Sharon

    2011-01-01

    Just as the early years of a child's development create the architecture for future brain growth, early implementation of federal Part C legislation laid the groundwork for a system of supports for families of infants and toddlers with disabilities. Some aspects of the current legislation provide a sturdy foundation for sound policies and…

  2. On Thursday 28 February, a ceremony was held to lay the foundation stone of Building 774

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    in attendance were Stéphane Donnot, Sub-Prefect of the Ain, Octavio Mestre and Francesco Soppelsa, the building's architects, and Sigurd Lettow, Director of Administration and Infrastructure. The building will be located just opposite the CERN Control Centre (CCC); its construction is to be completed by early 2014.

  3. Job/Task Analysis: Enhancing the Commercial Building Workforce Through the Development of Foundational Materials; Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Studer, D.; Kemkar, S.

    2012-09-01

    For many commercial building operation job categories, industry consensus has not been reached on the knowledge, skills, and abilities that practitioners should possess. The goal of this guidance is to help streamline the minimum competencies taught or tested by organizations catering to building operations and maintenance personnel while providing a basis for developing and comparing new and existing training programs in the commercial building sector. The developed JTAs will help individuals identify opportunities to enhance their professional skills, enable industry to identify an appropriately skilled workforce, and allow training providers to ensure that they are providing the highest quality product possible.

  4. Building a Bright Future. The Hydro Research Foundation's Fellowship Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vaughn, Brenna [Hydro Research Foundation, Inc., Evergreen, CO (United States); Linke, Deborah M. [Hydro Research Foundation, Inc., Evergreen, CO (United States)

    2015-12-29

    The Hydro Fellowship Program (program) began as an experiment to discover whether the hydropower industry could find mechanisms to attract new entrants through conducting relevant research to benefit the industry. This nationwide, new-to-the-world program was started through funding from the Wind and Water Power Technologies Office of the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Office of the Department of Energy (DOE). Between 2010-2015, the Hydro Research Foundation (HRF) designed and implemented a program to conduct valuable research and attract new entrants to the hydro workforce. This historic grant has empowered and engaged industry members from 25 organizations by working with 91 students and advisors at 24 universities in 19 states. The work funded answered pressing research needs in the fields of civil, mechanical, environmental, and electrical engineering, as well as law, energy engineering and materials innovation. In terms of number of individuals touched through funding, 148 individuals were supported by this work through direct research, mentorship, oversight of the work, partnerships and the day-to-day program administration. Based on the program results, it is clear that the funding achieved the hoped-for outcomes and has the capacity to draw universities into the orbit of hydropower and continue the conversation about industry research and development needs. The Foundation has fostered unique partnerships at the host universities and has continued to thrive with the support of the universities, advisors, industry and the DOE. The Foundation has demonstrated industry support through mentorships, partnerships, underwriting the costs and articulating the universities’ support through in-kind cost sharing. The Foundation recommends that future work be continued to nurture these graduate level programs using the initial work and improvements in the successor program, the Research Awards Program, while stimulating engagement of academia at the

  5. Design of Raft Foundations for High-Rise Buildings on Jointed Rock

    Science.gov (United States)

    Justo, J. L.; García-Núñez, J.-C.; Vázquez-Boza, M.; Justo, E.; Durand, P.; Azañón, J. M.

    2014-07-01

    This paper presents calculations of displacements and bending moments in a 2-m-thick reinforced-concrete foundation slab using three-dimensional finite-element software. A preliminary paper was presented by Justo et al. (Rock Mech Rock Eng 43:287-304, 2010). The slab is the base of a tower of 137 m height above foundation, supported on jointed and partly weathered basalt and scoria. Installation of rod extensometers at different depths below foundation allowed comparison between measured displacements and displacements calculated using moduli obtained from rock classification systems and three material models: elastic, Mohr-Coulomb and hardening (H). Although all three material models can provide acceptable results, the H model is preferable when there are unloading processes. Acceptable values of settlement may be achieved with medium meshing and an approximate distribution of loads. The absolute values of negative bending moments (tensions below) increase as the rock mass modulus decreases or when the mesh is refined. The paper stresses the importance of adequately representing the details of the distribution of loads and the necessity for fine meshing to obtain acceptable values of bending moments.

  6. Building on a solid foundation: SAR and QSAR as a fundamental strategy to reduce animal testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, K M; Manuppello, J R; Willett, C E

    2014-01-01

    The development of more efficient, ethical, and effective means of assessing the effects of chemicals on human health and the environment was a lifetime goal of Gilman Veith. His work has provided the foundation for the use of chemical structure for informing toxicological assessment by regulatory agencies the world over. Veith's scientific work influenced the early development of the SAR models in use today at the US Environmental Protection Agency. He was the driving force behind the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development QSAR Toolbox. Veith was one of a few early pioneers whose vision led to the linkage of chemical structure and biological activity as a means of predicting adverse apical outcomes (known as a mode of action, or an adverse outcome pathway approach), and he understood at an early stage the power that could be harnessed when combining computational and mechanistic biological approaches as a means of avoiding animal testing. Through the International QSAR Foundation he organized like-minded experts to develop non-animal methods and frameworks for the assessment of chemical hazard and risk for the benefit of public and environmental health. Avoiding animal testing was Gil's passion, and his work helped to initiate the paradigm shift in toxicology that is now rendering this feasible. PMID:24773450

  7. Building on a solid foundation: SAR and QSAR as a fundamental strategy to reduce animal testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, K M; Manuppello, J R; Willett, C E

    2014-01-01

    The development of more efficient, ethical, and effective means of assessing the effects of chemicals on human health and the environment was a lifetime goal of Gilman Veith. His work has provided the foundation for the use of chemical structure for informing toxicological assessment by regulatory agencies the world over. Veith's scientific work influenced the early development of the SAR models in use today at the US Environmental Protection Agency. He was the driving force behind the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development QSAR Toolbox. Veith was one of a few early pioneers whose vision led to the linkage of chemical structure and biological activity as a means of predicting adverse apical outcomes (known as a mode of action, or an adverse outcome pathway approach), and he understood at an early stage the power that could be harnessed when combining computational and mechanistic biological approaches as a means of avoiding animal testing. Through the International QSAR Foundation he organized like-minded experts to develop non-animal methods and frameworks for the assessment of chemical hazard and risk for the benefit of public and environmental health. Avoiding animal testing was Gil's passion, and his work helped to initiate the paradigm shift in toxicology that is now rendering this feasible.

  8. Knowledge transfer & exchange through social networks: building foundations for a community of practice within tobacco control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huerta Tim

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Health services and population health innovations advance when knowledge transfer and exchange (KTE occurs among researchers, practitioners, policy-makers and consumers using high-quality evidence. However, few KTE models have been evaluated in practice. Communities of practice (CoP – voluntary, self-organizing, and focused groups of individuals and organizations – may provide one option. This paper outlines an approach to lay the foundation for a CoP within the area of Web-assisted tobacco interventions (WATI. The objectives of the study were to provide a data-driven foundation to inform decisions about organizing a CoP within the geographically diverse, multi-disciplinary WATI group using evaluation and social network methodologies. Methods A single-group design was employed using a survey of expectations, knowledge, and interpersonal WATI-related relationships administered prior to a meeting of the WATI group followed by a 3-week post-meeting Web survey to assess short-term impact on learning and networking outcomes. Results Twenty-three of 27 WATI attendees (85% from diverse disciplinary and practice backgrounds completed the baseline survey, with 21 (91% of those participants completing the three-week follow-up. Participants had modest expectations of the meeting at baseline. A social network map produced from the data illustrated a centralized, yet sparse network comprising of interdisciplinary teams with little trans-sectoral collaboration. Three-week follow-up survey results showed that participants had made new network connections and had actively engaged in KTE activities with WATI members outside their original network. Conclusion Data illustrating both the shape and size of the WATI network as well as member's interests and commitment to KTE, when shared and used to frame action steps, can positively influence the motivation to collaborate and create communities of practice. Guiding KTE planning through

  9. Investigating The Process Of Creating Foundations Of Environmental Sustainability In Constructing Green Buildings

    OpenAIRE

    HAGHVERDI, Nooshin Pour; BEHZADI, Abrisham Modafe; Nikpour, Mansour; Azmoon, Firoozeh

    2015-01-01

    Abstract. Todays, advances in science and technology in the world cannot be overlooked. The progress in all fields, especially architecture, is a new manifestation. In the past, a significant proportion of fossil energy has spent on cooling and heating of buildings. Sustainable outlook has been proposed in scientific circles. By the application of sustainability concepts in architecture, a new subject called sustainable architecture, green architecture, in the field of design, paying attentio...

  10. Exploration of a Buried Building Foundation and a Septic Tank Plume Dispersion Using a Laboratory-fabricated Resistivity Apparatus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lachhab, A.; Stepanik, N.; Booterbaugh, A.

    2010-12-01

    In the following study, an electrical resistivity device was built and used in both a laboratory setup and in the field to accurately identify the location of a septic tank and the foundation of Gustavus Adolphus (GA); a building that was burned at Susquehanna University in 1964. The entire apparatus, which costs a fraction of the price of a typical electrical resistivity device, was tested for accuracy in the laboratory prior to its use in the field. The electrical resistivity apparatus consists of a deep-cycle twelve volt battery, an AC to DC inverter and two multimeters to measure the potential and the current intensity from four linear electrodes via a wireless data transmission system. This apparatus was constructed by using basic inexpensive electrical and electronic equipments. The recorded potential and current values were used to calculate the apparent resistivity of different materials adopting the Wenner array for both investigations. Several tests were performed on the tabletop bench, producing consistent results when applied to find small bricks structures with different geometrical arrangement buried under a mixed sand-soil formation. The apparatus was also used to investigate a subsurface salty water plume in the same formation. The horizontal resistivity profile obtained over the vertical small brick wall matched the theoretical apparent resistivity of resistivity versus displacement on a vertical dike in a homogeneous material. In addition, the two-dimensional resistivity profile replicate the salty plume size conformably. Following the success on the small-scale laboratory tabletop bench, the electrical resistivity apparatus was implemented in the field to explore the foundation of GA in one location and the septic tank in another. An array of transects were performed, analyzed and plotted using MATLAB. The three dimensional contours of apparent resistivity depicted exactly the locations of the buried foundation walls, the septic tank and the

  11. Foundations for Understanding and Building Conscious Systems using Stable Parallel Looped Dynamics

    OpenAIRE

    Ravuri, Muralidhar

    2011-01-01

    The problem of consciousness faced several challenges for a few reasons: (a) a lack of necessary and sufficient conditions, without which we would not know how close we are to the solution, (b) a lack of a synthesis framework to build conscious systems and (c) a lack of mechanisms explaining the transition between the lower-level chemical dynamics and the higher-level abstractions. In this paper, I address these issues using a new framework. The central result is that a person is 'minimally' ...

  12. From novel mathematics to efficient algorithms. Do we have proper SD foundation to build future?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tkachov, Fyodor V. [INR RAS, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2002-08-01

    Computer implementation of sophisticated algorithms for physics applications is greatly facilitated by the new generation of component-oriented SD technologies pioneered by Wirth's Oberon and embraced by the software industry (Sun's Java and Microsoft's C no.). In a stark contrast with the deeply flawed C++, the Oberon technologies (specifically, the Component Pascal and the BlackBox development environment) offer an unparalleled SD platform for building scientific applications from sophisticated data processing to demanding symbolic calculations. Specific examples are discussed. (author)

  13. Calculation of a multistoried building on the intensive earthquake taking into account the possibility of foundation soil fluidifying

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mkrtychev Oleg Vartanovich

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In the article the problem of calculation of the multistoried building on soil with nonlinear properties is considered. As a foundation model the Mor-Coulomb model is applied. This model meets the following main requirements: it is capable to represent the mechanism of deformation of soil realistically; it contains parameters, which can be defined from standard laboratory researches; it has a sinmilarity and simplicity of use from the computing point of view. In the article the influence of fluidifying foundation soil at intensive seismic effect is investigated. In case of strong influences the behavior of soil becomes nonlinear, and the problem of assessing the response of soil becomes significantly complicated: the response depends as on the structure, power and water saturation of soil layers, and on magnitude and frequency structure of seismic influence. At such influences the rheological properties of soil, which is often connected with ground water movements, change. The changes of a phase condition of soil when soil is diluted are possible. As a result, seismic fluidifying of soil is usually accompanied by severe accidents even on aseismic constructions: buildings manage "to drown" or warp. There are even emissions of the diluted soil on a surface, which lead to formation of sandy craters. The catastrophic fluidifying of the water-saturated dusty and sand soil, which has caused victims and huge economic damage, happened at two strong earthquakes of 1964: on March 27 at a coast of Alaska near Anchorage with M = 8,4, and on June 16 in Niigata (Japan with M = 7,5. Researches are conducted with the use of direct dynamic methods of calculation realizing obvious schemes of integration of the equations of movement.

  14. The Control of Ground Surface Settlement in the Design of Foundation Pit Supporting around Shallow Foundation Buildings%浅基础建筑物相邻的基坑支护设计中地表变形控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘立东

    2012-01-01

    Through analyzing the effect of the design of one deep foundation pit supporting project on peripheral six-layer shallow foundation building in Yancheng city, in the accordance with the relevant existing national engineering codes, this paper considered the deformation of both soil and buildings a- round the foundation pit, and explored how to calculate and control the ground surface settlement around the foundation pit in order to ensure the safety of the surrounding buildings and meanwhile achieve opti- mal economic results.%通过对盐城一深基坑支护设计对周边六层浅基础建筑的影响分析,结合现有相关的国家规范,从基坑周边土体和建筑物变形两个方面综合分析,阐述了深基坑设计过程中,如何对支护周边地表沉降进行计算控制,以保证周边建筑物的安全,同时取得最优经济效益。

  15. Foundations for Understanding and Building Synthetic Conscious Systems using Stable Parallel Loops

    CERN Document Server

    Ravuri, Muralidhar

    2011-01-01

    The problem of consciousness faced several challenges for a few reasons: (a) a lack of necessary and sufficient conditions, without which we would not know how close we are to the solution, (b) a lack of a synthesis framework to build conscious systems, i.e., beyond analysis and (c) a lack of mechanisms transitioning between the low-level chemical dynamics and the high-level abstractions based on, say, language. In this paper, I address each of these issues by specifying all properties necessary to give rise to consciousness. The central result is that a person is 'minimally' conscious if and only if he knows at least one truth. This necessary and sufficient condition lets us move away from the vagueness surrounding consciousness and instead allows us to focus equivalently on: (i) what truths are and how our brain represents/relates them to each other and (ii) how we attain a feeling of knowing for anything, not just a truth. For the former problem, since truths are things that do not change (i.e., fixed), I ...

  16. Simquake 3: Seismic interactions between building structures and rock-socketed foundations: Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It has long been recognized that soil-structure interaction can significantly influence the earthquake response of massive structures such as nuclear power plant reactor buildings. The linear analysis methods that are widely used to model interaction phenomena can result in often unrecognized safety margins in design for earthquake excitation. Use of improved interaction models which capture nonlinear characteristics of interaction---such as energy dissipation and significant changes in stiffness---can provide realistic predictions of the earthquake loads imposed on nuclear power plant structures and equipment, supplying an improved basis for seismic design review. This report documents the results of a research effort investigating the soil-structure (or structure-media) interaction of reinforced concrete structures founded in backfilled rock sockets. The objectives of the research, which included field testing with semi-scale structural models, were: to examine the influence of the backfilled socket on structural dynamic response; and to develop an experimental data base for the benchmarking of computer simulation procedures

  17. Toxicology Education Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... bodies and our world. Welcome to the Toxicology Education Foundation! Our mission is to enhance public understanding ... TEF In the Classroom Our Goal The Toxicology Education Foundation seeks to help build the public's understanding ...

  18. 桩基建筑物运行中稳定性的治理措施%Management of Stability of Pile-Foundation Buildings in Service

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Vladimir P. Vlasov

    2004-01-01

    The vast majority of buildings in Russia have been constructed on pile foundations incorporating a ventilated air space between the structure and ground surface (passive construction method, or Principle I in the Russian Building Code 2.02.04-88). Warming of the frozen soil during the life of the structure is one of the primary factors leading to structural damage. This paper presents a new technique for preventing failure in engineering structures.

  19. Building the Strong Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, J. Linda

    2016-01-01

    J. Linda Williams was coordinator of school library services for Anne Arundel County Public Schools prior to her retirement. She served as AASL President 2005-2006 and is also a past president of the Maryland Association of School Librarians. Looking back on her 2005-2006 term as AASL President, Williams writes that she feels that particular year…

  20. Geological and geotechnical aspects of the foundation pit of Kaiga atomic power plant reactor building 2, Kaiga, Uttara Kannada district, Karnataka

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In India Nuclear Power Plants are constructed as per the guidelines laid by IAEA and AERB. Before concrete is poured into reactor building pits, they are systematically mapped and Iithostructural maps are prepared for pit base and side walls. The constraints noticed are carefully attended with geotechnical solutions and remedies to make foundation safe for the entire period of reactor life. Similarly, pit of Kaiga Reactor Building II was systematically mapped for circular base and side walls. Geo-engineering solutions like scrapping out loose, foliated schistose patches, scooping out soft altered zones, filling with grouting, rock-bolting rock segments with major joints and fractures for stopping seepage points were suggested. (author)

  1. On solution scheme for foundation pit support adjacent to buildings with shallow foundation%紧邻浅基础建筑的基坑支护整体解决方案

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭莉

    2016-01-01

    结合天津市某工程的周边环境及水文地质条件,分析了该工程紧邻浅基础建筑的基坑支护设计难点,从支护方案选型、支护结构变形控制、止水措施、土方开挖等方面,提出了具体的基坑支护方案,确保了该项目周边环境的安全性。%Combining with the surrounding environment and hydraulic geological conditions of some project in Tianjin,the paper analyzes the de-sign difficulties in the foundation pit support in the project adjacent to buildings with shallow foundation,and points out the foundation pit support scheme from the support scheme selection,deformation control of support structure,waterproof measure,and civil excavation,so as to ensure the safety of the surrounding environment.

  2. DEVELOPMENT OF ANALYTICAL MODELS FOR THE ANALYSIS OF FOUNDATIONS OF BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES IN THE DENSE URBAN ENVIRONMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koreneva Elena Borisovna

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The author proposes analytical methods of analysis of foundation slabs in the dense environment of present-day cities and towns. The two analytical models, including the model of semi-infinite and finite beams are considered. The influence produced by adjacent tunnels, deep excavations and foundation pits is examined. Bedding properties are described through the employment of the Winkler model. Account of additional deflections and angles of deflections must be taken in the above-mentioned cases.

  3. DEVELOPMENT OF ANALYTICAL MODELS FOR THE ANALYSIS OF FOUNDATIONS OF BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES IN THE DENSE URBAN ENVIRONMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Koreneva Elena Borisovna

    2012-01-01

    The author proposes analytical methods of analysis of foundation slabs in the dense environment of present-day cities and towns. The two analytical models, including the model of semi-infinite and finite beams are considered. The influence produced by adjacent tunnels, deep excavations and foundation pits is examined. Bedding properties are described through the employment of the Winkler model. Account of additional deflections and angles of deflections must be taken in the above-mentioned ca...

  4. An Emerging Theory for Evidence Based Information Literacy Instruction in School Libraries, Part 1: Building a Foundation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carol A. Gordon

    2009-06-01

    the learning task. On the micro level users are confronting information, and searching is seen as the entire process of the interaction of users with a series of information tasks, as described in Kuhlthau’s Information Search Process. The micro level is the level of deep understanding as critical thinking skills craft the connection between information and knowledge. On the macro level the learning task, designed by an instructional team, shapes the inquiry. It is the context for information tasks. The learning task is relevant, engaging, and rigorous to sustain the interest and interaction of the user with information and emerging knowledge. The macro level is the level of instruction whereby the learning task fosters self-reflection, self-correction, and self-regulation. The role of evidence, which is generated by performance assessment and action research, is critical to both levels. On each of these levels the learning task informs the information search. Conclusion – Evidence is the link between information and knowledge in the learning process called inquiry. Sources of this evidence are information tasks embedded in the learning task, which are nested in a teaching and learning culture of inquiry. In order to generate evidence continuously throughout the inquiry unit, the task is characterized by research-based tools such as performance-based assessment and action research. The synergy of these elements in Part 1 of this article establishes the foundation for building a theory that supports further research of evidence based information literacy instruction.

  5. Capacity building in ocean bathymetry: The Nippon Foundation GEBCO Training Programme at the University of New Hampshire

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Srinivas, K.; Dave, M.; Caceres, H.M.; Morishita, T.; Mustapha, A.A.; Peralta, W.R.; Sharma, S.; Angwenyi, C.

    but also with neighbouring coun- tries and engage them in the production of a map at larger scales. Benefits The Nippon Foundation project is not designed to advance the instruments used in mapping the oceans. Rather it is focused on the human compo- nent...

  6. A stabilization process applied to a hidden variables method for evaluating the uncertainties on foundation impedances and their effect on vibrations induced by railways in a building

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ropars, Pierre; Bonnet, Guy; Jean, Philippe

    2014-03-01

    The paper is devoted to stochastic foundation impedance modeling for buildings submitted to vibrations. The hidden-variables method used in seismic engineering is revisited, due to a larger frequency range used in vibration prediction. Indeed, in this new context, instability of the solution and non-physical nature of mass and stiffness random matrices have been observed. The hidden variable method has been therefore implemented by enforcing explicitly the stability of the solution and the positiveness of mass and stiffness matrices. The effects of numerical parameters used throughout the process are shown and the improved hidden-variables method has been used for predicting the level of vibrations inside a building induced by railway sources. We present here steps of stabilization process, and then discuss on an example of application.

  7. Composite pile foundation in high--rise building application%复合桩基在超高层建筑中的应用实例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈荣

    2012-01-01

    随着社会经济的发展,如今超高层建筑随处可见。在一定的条件下(非软土地区),超高层建筑若能使用复合桩基,充分发挥地基土承载潜力,通过设置变形调节装置,实现桩土共同承担荷载,不仅可以节约成本,还能大大缩短建设工期,收到了很好的社会经济效果。本人参与了对厦门金都·海尚国际A标段工程复合桩基施工全过程的监理工作,本篇文章从该工程选择复合桩基的原由、工作原理、设置变形调节装置、主要施工流程及控制要点、检验和检测等方面进行了阐述,供同行之间相互学习、参考。%With the development of social economy, now the super high--rise buildings everywhere. Under certain conditions ( a not soft land area), if the use of composite pile foundation in high--rise building, give full play to the potential bearing capacity of foundation soil, deformation regula- ting device through settings, achieve sharing the load of pile and soil,not only can save cost, but also can greatly shorten the construction period, re- ceived a good social and economic effect. I participated in the Xiamen gold sea is the international section A engineering composite pile foundation construc- tion whole process supervision, this article from the project selection of composite pile foundation, the working principle, that set the deformation regulation device, main construction process and the key control points, inspection and testing and other aspects, for peer learning, reference.

  8. Building bridges to evidence-based practice: the MacArthur Foundation Child System and Treatment Enhancement Projects (Child STEPs).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoenwald, Sonja K; Kelleher, Kelly; Weisz, John R

    2008-03-01

    The papers in this special issue describe research undertaken by the MacArthur Foundation-funded Research Network on Youth Mental Health. The project is designed to understand the challenges of implementing evidence-based treatments in community-based mental health practices. This Introduction and the following articles describe the impetus and conceptual framework underlying one cluster of the Network's activity-i.e., the Clinic Systems Project (CSP). The CSP studies examined the organizational and service system environments in a large national sample of community mental health and affiliated organizations that provide services to children. The main goal is to identify leverage points for, and barriers to, the adoption and implementation of evidence-based practices for children. PMID:18085433

  9. An Emerging Theory for Evidence Based Information Literacy Instruction in School Libraries, Part 1: Building a Foundation

    OpenAIRE

    Carol A. Gordon

    2009-01-01

    Objective – Part I of this paper aims to create a framework for an emerging theory of evidence based information literacy instruction. In order to ground this framework in existing theory, a holistic perspective views inquiry as a learning process that synthesizes information searching and knowledge building. An interdisciplinary approach is taken to relate user-centric information behavior theory and constructivist learning theory that supports this synthesis. The substantive theories that e...

  10. Mars Exploration Student Data Teams: Building Foundations and Influencing Students to Pursue STEM Careers through Experiences with Authentic Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turney, D.; Grigsby, B.; Murchie, S. L.; Buczkowski, D.; Seelos, K. D.; Nair, H.; McGovern, A.; Morgan, F.; Viviano, C. E.; Goudge, T. A.; Thompson, D.

    2013-12-01

    The Mars Exploration Student Data Teams (MESDT) immerses diverse teams of high school and undergraduate students in an authentic research Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) based experience and allows students to be direct participants in the scientific process by working with scientists to analyze data sets from NASA's Mars program, specifically from the CRISM instrument. MESDT was created by Arizona State University's Mars Education Program, and is funded through NASA's Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars or CRISM, an instrument onboard the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO). Students work with teacher mentors and CRISM team members to analyze data, develop hypotheses, conduct research, submit proposals, critique and revise work. All students begin the program with basic Mars curriculum lessons developed by the MESDT education team. This foundation enables the program to be inclusive of all students. Teachers have reported that populations of students with diverse academic needs and abilities have been successful in this program. The use of technology in the classroom allows the MESDT program to successfully reach a nationwide audience and funding provided by NASA's CRISM instrument allows students to participate free of charge. Recent changes to the program incorporate a partnership with United States Geological Survey (USGS) and a CRISM sponsored competitive scholarship for two teams of students to present their work at the annual USGS Planetary Mappers Meeting. Returning MESDT teachers have attributed an increase in student enrollment and interest to this scholarship opportunity. The 2013 USGS Planetary Mappers Meeting was held in Washington DC which provided an opportunity for the students to meet with their Senators at the US Capitol to explain the science work they had done throughout the year as well as the impact that the program had had on their goals for the future. This opportunity extended to the students by the

  11. A simplified algorithm for the design of piled raft foundations applied for the case study of a building erected within Żoliborz-Szczęśliwice glacial tunnel valley

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kacprzak Grzegorz

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available A common engineering solution for excessive settlement with raft foundation (s is the use of piles in order to reduce the vertical displacements, in this method, the whole structural load is transferred to the piles. This is an overly cautious approach, and there remains a need to find an optimal design method for a building’s foundations. Such a solution may be the piled raft foundation, which allows a reduction of the number of piles due to the integration of the raft in the bearing capacity of the foundation. The aim of the article is to estimate the contribution of foundation elements such as the raft and the piles in the bearing capacity of a residential building located in Warsaw, where the geological conditions are characterized by organic soil layers, principally of gyttja.

  12. Rational engineering of Geobacter sulfurreducens electron transfer components: a foundation for building improved Geobacter-based bioelectrochemical technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joana M Dantas

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Multiheme cytochromes have been implicated in Geobacter sulfurreducens (Gs extracellular electron transfer (EET. These proteins are potential targets to improve EET and enhance bioremediation and electrical current production by Gs. However, the functional characterization of multiheme cytochromes is particularly complex due to the co-existence of several microstates in solution, connecting the fully reduced and fully oxidized states. Over the last decade, new strategies have been developed to characterize multiheme redox proteins functionally and structurally. These strategies were used to reveal the functional mechanism of Gs multiheme cytochromes and also to identify key residues in these proteins for EET. In previous studies, we set the foundations for enhancement of the EET abilities of Gs by characterizing a family of five triheme cytochromes (PpcA-E. These periplasmic cytochromes are implicated in electron transfer between the oxidative reactions of metabolism in the cytoplasm and the reduction of extracellular terminal electron acceptors at the cell’s outer surface. The results obtained suggested that PpcA can couple e-/H+ transfer, a property that might contribute to the proton electrochemical gradient across the cytoplasmic membrane for metabolic energy production. The structural and functional properties of PpcA were characterized in detail and used for rational design of a family of 23 single site PpcA mutants. In this review, we summarize the functional characterization of the native and mutant proteins. Mutants that retain the mechanistic features of PpcA and adopt preferential e-/H+ transfer pathways at lower reduction potential values compared to the wild-type protein were selected for in vivo studies as the best candidates to increase the electron transfer rate of Gs. For the first time Gs strains have been manipulated by the introduction of mutant forms of essential proteins with the aim to develop and improve

  13. Rational engineering of Geobacter sulfurreducens electron transfer components: a foundation for building improved Geobacter-based bioelectrochemical technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dantas, Joana M; Morgado, Leonor; Aklujkar, Muktak; Bruix, Marta; Londer, Yuri Y; Schiffer, Marianne; Pokkuluri, P Raj; Salgueiro, Carlos A

    2015-01-01

    Multiheme cytochromes have been implicated in Geobacter sulfurreducens extracellular electron transfer (EET). These proteins are potential targets to improve EET and enhance bioremediation and electrical current production by G. sulfurreducens. However, the functional characterization of multiheme cytochromes is particularly complex due to the co-existence of several microstates in solution, connecting the fully reduced and fully oxidized states. Over the last decade, new strategies have been developed to characterize multiheme redox proteins functionally and structurally. These strategies were used to reveal the functional mechanism of G. sulfurreducens multiheme cytochromes and also to identify key residues in these proteins for EET. In previous studies, we set the foundations for enhancement of the EET abilities of G. sulfurreducens by characterizing a family of five triheme cytochromes (PpcA-E). These periplasmic cytochromes are implicated in electron transfer between the oxidative reactions of metabolism in the cytoplasm and the reduction of extracellular terminal electron acceptors at the cell's outer surface. The results obtained suggested that PpcA can couple e(-)/H(+) transfer, a property that might contribute to the proton electrochemical gradient across the cytoplasmic membrane for metabolic energy production. The structural and functional properties of PpcA were characterized in detail and used for rational design of a family of 23 single site PpcA mutants. In this review, we summarize the functional characterization of the native and mutant proteins. Mutants that retain the mechanistic features of PpcA and adopt preferential e(-)/H(+) transfer pathways at lower reduction potential values compared to the wild-type protein were selected for in vivo studies as the best candidates to increase the electron transfer rate of G. sulfurreducens. For the first time G. sulfurreducens strains have been manipulated by the introduction of mutant forms of essential

  14. Twelve tips for developing, implementing, and sustaining medical education fellowship programs: Building on new trends and solid foundations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dewey, Charlene M; Turner, Teri L; Perkowski, Linda; Bailey, Jean; Gruppen, Larry D; Riddle, Janet; Singhal, Geeta; Mullan, Patricia; Poznanski, Ann; Pillow, Tyson; Robins, Lynne S; Rougas, Steven C; Horn, Leora; Ghulyan, Marine V; Simpson, Deborah

    2016-01-01

    Medical education fellowship programs (MEFPs) are a form of faculty development contributing to an organization's educational mission and participants' career development. Building an MEFP requires a systematic design, implementation, and evaluation approach which aligns institutional and individual faculty goals. Implementing an MEFP requires a team of committed individuals who provide expertise, guidance, and mentoring. Qualified MEFP directors should utilize instructional methods that promote individual and institutional short and long term growth. Directors must balance the use of traditional design, implementation, and evaluation methodologies with advancing trends that may support or threaten the acceptability and sustainability of the program. Drawing on the expertise of 28 MEFP directors, we provide twelve tips as a guide to those implementing, sustaining, and/or growing a successful MEFP whose value is demonstrated by its impacts on participants, learners, patients, teaching faculty, institutions, the greater medical education community, and the population's health. PMID:26398270

  15. Soil-structure interaction effects in seismic analysis of turbine generator building on rock-like foundation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Chi Seon; Lee, Sang Hoon; Yoo, Kwang Hoon [Korea Power Engineering Company, Yongin (Korea, Republic of)

    2004-07-01

    Soil properties supporting structure may become criteria determining methodologies for seismic response analysis of a structure. Regulatory Guide describes that a fixed-base assumption is acceptable for structures supported on rock or rock-like materials defined by a shear wave velocity of 3,500 ft/sec or greater at a shear strain of 10{sup -3} percent or smaller when considering preloaded soil conditions due to the structure. Seismic analyses for the Korean nuclear power plant (NPP) structures satisfying the above site soil condition have been completed through the fixed-base analysis. However, dynamic responses for relatively stiff structures such as NPP structures still have soil-structure interaction (SSI) effects. In other words, the fixed-base analysis does not always yield conservative results to be compared with SSI analysis. The SSI effects due to different stiff soil properties for Turbine Generator Building (TGB) structure to be constructed at Kori site of South Korea are investigated in views of floor response spectra (FRS) and member forces.

  16. From the NSF: The National Science Foundation's Investments in Broadening Participation in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education through Research and Capacity Building.

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Sylvia M; Singer, Susan R

    2016-01-01

    The National Science Foundation (NSF) has a long history of investment in broadening participation (BP) in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. A review of past NSF BP efforts provides insights into how the portfolio of programs and activities has evolved and the broad array of innovative strategies that has been used to increase the participation of groups underrepresented in STEM, including women, minorities, and persons with disabilities. While many are familiar with these long-standing programmatic efforts, BP is also a key component of NSF's strategic plans, has been highlighted in National Science Board reports, and is the focus of ongoing outreach efforts. The majority of familiar BP programs, such as the Louis Stokes Alliances for Minority Participation (now 25 years old), are housed in the Directorate for Education and Human Resources. However, fellowship programs such as the Graduate Research Fellowships and Postdoctoral Research Fellowships under the Directorate for Biological Sciences (and parallel directorates in other STEM disciplines) are frequently used to address underrepresentation in STEM disciplines. The FY2016 and FY2017 budget requests incorporate funding for NSF INCLUDES, a new cross-agency BP initiative that will build on prior successes while addressing national BP challenges. NSF INCLUDES invites the use of innovative approaches for taking evidence-based best practices to scale, ushering in a new era in NSF BP advancement.

  17. From the NSF: The National Science Foundation's Investments in Broadening Participation in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education through Research and Capacity Building.

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Sylvia M; Singer, Susan R

    2016-01-01

    The National Science Foundation (NSF) has a long history of investment in broadening participation (BP) in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. A review of past NSF BP efforts provides insights into how the portfolio of programs and activities has evolved and the broad array of innovative strategies that has been used to increase the participation of groups underrepresented in STEM, including women, minorities, and persons with disabilities. While many are familiar with these long-standing programmatic efforts, BP is also a key component of NSF's strategic plans, has been highlighted in National Science Board reports, and is the focus of ongoing outreach efforts. The majority of familiar BP programs, such as the Louis Stokes Alliances for Minority Participation (now 25 years old), are housed in the Directorate for Education and Human Resources. However, fellowship programs such as the Graduate Research Fellowships and Postdoctoral Research Fellowships under the Directorate for Biological Sciences (and parallel directorates in other STEM disciplines) are frequently used to address underrepresentation in STEM disciplines. The FY2016 and FY2017 budget requests incorporate funding for NSF INCLUDES, a new cross-agency BP initiative that will build on prior successes while addressing national BP challenges. NSF INCLUDES invites the use of innovative approaches for taking evidence-based best practices to scale, ushering in a new era in NSF BP advancement. PMID:27587853

  18. Excavation of Tang and Song Building-foundations North of Zhongzhou Road in Luoyang City,Henan%河南洛阳市中州路北唐宋建筑基址发掘简报

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    中国社会科学院考古研究所洛阳唐城队

    2005-01-01

    In December 1997 to May 1998, excavation revealed Tang and Song Building foundations superimposed upon each other in the primary school north of Zhongzhou Road within Luoyang City, i.e. a little to the west of the middle of the palace-city within Sui and Tang Luoyang. The unearthed objects include porcelain articles, copper coins and an amount of building material. Among the discovered building ruins are remains of a north-to-south corridor, including its foundations and pavements, stone column-bases and -pits, and tile-shard path on the western side. The discovered pavilion of the late Northern Song is rather large in size; its vestiges consist of the remaining main hall, auxiliary houses, five courtyards and three corridors. This is the ruined palace largest in scale and clearest in form so far recorded in the palace-city of West Capital of Luoyang that belongs to the Five Dynasties and Northern Song period.

  19. Bucket foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foglia, Aligi; Ibsen, Lars Bo

    In this report, bearing behaviour and installation of bucket foundations are reviewed. Different methods and standards are compared with the experimental data presented in Foglia and Ibsen (2014a). The most important studies on these topics are suggested. The review is focused on the response...... of monopod bucket foundations supporting offshore wind turbines....

  20. Corporate Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herlin, Heidi; Thusgaard Pedersen, Janni

    2013-01-01

    responsibility (CSR). The paper hence illuminates the fascinating and overlooked role of corporate foundations as potential bridges between business and civil society. It also informs theory on boundary organizations by clarifying challenges and limits of such institutions.......This paper aims to explore the potential of Danish corporate foundations as boundary organizations facilitating relationships between their founding companies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Hitherto, research has been silent about the role of corporate foundations in relation to cross......-sector partnerships. The results of this paper are based on interviews, participant observations, and organizational documents from a 19-month empirical study of a Danish corporate foundation. Findings suggest that corporate foundations have potential to act as boundary organizations and facilitate collaborative...

  1. Building a Foundation for Bioenergetics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamori, Eugene

    2002-01-01

    To give students a lasting comprehension of bioenergetics, first such basics as heat, work, equilibrium, entropy, free energy, closed "versus" open systems, steady state, and reversibility should be explained to them in a meticulous manner, albeit with a minimal use of mathematical formulae. The unique feature of thermodynamics, that it does not…

  2. Foundation Structure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2009-01-01

    Method of installing a bucket foundation structure comprising one, two, three or more skirts, into soils in a controlled manner. The method comprises two stages: a first stage being a design phase and the second stage being an installation phase. In the first stage, design parameters are determined...... relating to the loads on the finished foundation structure; soil profile on the location; allowable installation tolerances, which parameters are used to estimate the minimum diameter and length of the skirts of the bucket. The bucket size is used to simulate load situations and penetration into foundation...

  3. Glaucoma Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Honors Presented at 2016 Think Tank Dinner The Glaucoma Foundation (TGF) has awarded Ursula Schlötzer-Schrehardt, PhD, ... Robert Ritch Award for Excellence and Innovation in Glaucoma for her distinguished career in glaucoma research. This ...

  4. Dysautonomia Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... disease most people have never heard of ... Familial Dysautonomia (FD) is a rare genetic neurological disorder that ... birth. (More about FD .) Research funded by the Dysautonomia Foundation has led to a number of breakthroughs ...

  5. Foundations of predictive analytics

    CERN Document Server

    Wu, James

    2012-01-01

    Drawing on the authors' two decades of experience in applied modeling and data mining, Foundations of Predictive Analytics presents the fundamental background required for analyzing data and building models for many practical applications, such as consumer behavior modeling, risk and marketing analytics, and other areas. It also discusses a variety of practical topics that are frequently missing from similar texts. The book begins with the statistical and linear algebra/matrix foundation of modeling methods, from distributions to cumulant and copula functions to Cornish--Fisher expansion and o

  6. Professional Windows Workflow Foundation

    CERN Document Server

    Kitta, Todd

    2007-01-01

    If you want to gain the skills to build Windows Workflow Foundation solutions, then this is the book for you. It provides you with a clear, practical guide on how to develop workflow-based software and integrate it into existing technology landscapes. Throughout the pages, you'll also find numerous real-world examples and sample code that will help you to get started quickly.Each major area of Windows Workflow Foundation is explored in depth along with some of the fundamentals operations related to generic workflow applications. You'll also find detailed coverage on how to develop workflow in

  7. Foundations of Risk Analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Aven, Terje

    2012-01-01

    Foundations of Risk Analysis presents the issues core to risk analysis - understanding what risk means, expressing risk, building risk models, addressing uncertainty, and applying probability models to real problems. The author provides the readers with the knowledge and basic thinking they require to successfully manage risk and uncertainty to support decision making. This updated edition reflects recent developments on risk and uncertainty concepts, representations and treatment. New material in Foundations of Risk Analysis includes:An up to date presentation of how to understand, define and

  8. 包头机场新航站楼复合地基处理技术研究%RESEARCH ON COMPOSITE FOUNDATION TREATMENT TECHNIQUE OF BAOTOU AIRPORT NEW TERMINAL BUILDING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘兴旺; 郭铁山

    2011-01-01

    包头机场新航站楼地基处理工程中,采用CFG桩和碎石桩,通过低应变动力试验、复合地基静荷载试验和标准贯人试验检验复合地基的处理效果,有效解决了天然地基承载力不足的问题,避免了基底下液化土层的危害作用,取得了较好的技术经济效果.%In the foundation treatment engineering of Baotou Airport new terminal building, CFG pile and gravel pile are used, the problem of lack of bearing capacity of natural foundation is effectively solved through dynamic teat of low strain, static load test of composite foundation, standard penetration test and inspection of composite foundation treatment effect. The harmful action of liquified soil stratum under the foundation bottom is avoided and favorable technical and economic effects are realized.

  9. Applied Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kohlenbach, Ulrich

    2002-01-01

    A central theme in the foundations of mathematics, dating back to D. Hilbert, can be paraphrased by the following question "How is it that abstract methods (`ideal elements´) can be used to prove `real´ statements e.g. about the natural numbers and is this use necessary in principle?"......A central theme in the foundations of mathematics, dating back to D. Hilbert, can be paraphrased by the following question "How is it that abstract methods (`ideal elements´) can be used to prove `real´ statements e.g. about the natural numbers and is this use necessary in principle?"...

  10. On results of measurement and method of behavior analysis for land slide protection wall in excavation works for main building foundation of No.2 plant in Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Co., Inc

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tokyo Electric Power Co. has been constructing the nuclear power station having 8 million kW capacity of seven BWR plants in the site of about 4.2 million m2 in Niigata Prefecture. No.1 BWR plant of 1100 MWe output started the operation in September, 1985. As a rule, the important structures in nuclear power stations such as a reactor building and a turbine building are to be directly supported on bedrocks, and in this case, on the mudstone of Nishiyama strata. As this Nishiyama strata exists in large depth, the excavation works for the foundations of buildings are to be carried out by installing large scale land slide protection walls. In this report, among the excavation works for the main building foundation of No.2 plant, the results of examining the behavior of the land slide protection wall installed in soft rock ground based on the results of measurement of vertical excavation by land slide protection method and the techniques of its analysis are described. The geological features, the design of land slide protection walls, the measurement of the land slide protection walls and surrounding ground and the results, and the examination of the analysis methods by a beam model and FEM are reported. (Kako, I.)

  11. 超高层建筑桩筏基础的桩顶反力计算研究%Study of computation of load on pile top of piled raft foundation for superhigh buildings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    巢斯; 赵锡宏; 张保良; 姜文辉; 孔娟; 肖俊华; 袁聚云

    2011-01-01

    Based on the settlement data of the piled raft foundation in 88-storey, 4 m thick raft of Jinmao Building and 1O1-storey,4.5m thick raft of Shanghai World Financial Center (SWFC), it is demonstrated that piled raft foundation is a real elastic body.Meanwhile, the eccentric compression formula and method on interaction between superstructure and foundation (mixed method) are used to compute the load on pile top of piled raft foundation for two superhigh buildings just mentioned and 121-stroey, 6 m thick raft of Shanghai Tower which is under construction and compare each other in detail.The computed results have shown that the mixed method used is feasible and reasonable.It is hoped that the article 3.1.3 in China Technical Codefor Building Pile Foundations (JGJ 94 - 2008) can change the traditional conception to use the eccentric compression formula for computing the load on pile top of piled raft foundation.%根据上海高88层、筏板厚度为4 m的金茂大厦和高101层、筏板厚度为4.5 m的上海环球金融中心桩筏基础的实测沉降资料,论证超高层建筑的桩筏基础为弹性体.对以上两幢超高层建筑和正在建造中的高121层、筏板厚度为6 m的上海中心大厦的桩筏基础,采用偏心受压公式和高层建筑与地基基础共同作用理论方法(混合法)进行详细对比计算,论证按弹性体计算桩顶反力的合理性,阐明(JGJ94-2008)的3.1.8条的正确性和合理性.期望能够改变过去按偏心受压公式计算桩顶反力的传统观念,提高设计水平.

  12. On check calculation and reinforcement of partial pile foundation in some high-rise buildings%某高层建筑部分桩基复核计算与补强

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张林

    2012-01-01

    Taking the foundation of some high-rise building as the research object,the paper identifies the vertical loading capacity of fewer single pile can not meet the demand of the design according to the uniaxial compressive strength of the rock core provided by the inspection report of the pile foundation,undertakes the reinforcement and consolidation on these piles by using grouting method,the loading capacity can meet the design demand and the settlement observation result displays the deformation adheres to the regulation in the static loading test after the consolidation at the pile foundation,and indicates the grouting method is effective for the reinforcement and consolidation for the pile foundation.%以某高层建筑基础为研究对象,根据桩基检测报告提供的岩芯单轴抗压强度,经过桩基复核计算后发现,少数桩单桩竖向承载力不能满足设计要求,因此对该部分的桩采用注浆法进行了补强加固,桩基加固后经过静载实验,其承载力满足设计要求,沉降观测结果显示变形符合规范要求,说明采用注浆法进行桩基补强加固是有效的。

  13. 振冲碎石桩加固高层建筑粉砂土地基实例分析%Case Study on Improving Silty Sand Foundation of Tall Building by Vibro-replacement Stone Column

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢新宇; 应宏伟; 夏建中

    2001-01-01

    In this paper, the case studies of two tall buildings built on silty sand improved by vibro-replacement stone column in Hangzhou are reported. The design and computation method for vibro-replacement stone column composite foundation are introduced. Based on field testing results,the construction techniques of vibro-replacement stone column and the appraisement of improvement effect are discussed. It is the first time that the vibro-replacement stone column method has been successfully applied to improve silty sand foundation of tall building in Hangzhou.%本文介绍杭州两座高层建筑物采用振冲碎石桩加固粉砂土地基的工程实例。结合有关现场测试成果,探讨了高层建筑振冲碎石桩地基设计计算、振冲碎石桩施工控制和加固效果评价等有关问题。为振冲碎石桩在同类地基中的推广应用提供一些成功经验。

  14. Web services foundations

    CERN Document Server

    Bouguettaya, Athman; Daniel, Florian

    2013-01-01

    Web services and Service-Oriented Computing (SOC) have become thriving areas of academic research, joint university/industry research projects, and novel IT products on the market. SOC is the computing paradigm that uses Web services as building blocks for the engineering of composite, distributed applications out of the reusable application logic encapsulated by Web services. Web services could be considered the best-known and most standardized technology in use today for distributed computing over the Internet.Web Services Foundations is the first installment of a two-book collection coverin

  15. Excavation of the Foundations of a Large-sized Building Complex on the Yin Ruin in Anyang,Henan%河南安阳殷墟大型建筑基址的发掘

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    中国社会科学院考古研究所安阳工作队

    2001-01-01

    In 1989-1991, a large-sized complex of buildings was excavated northeast of Xiaotunvillage, Anyang, Henan. It consists of three rows of houses, of which two extend from west to east inthe north and south respectively, and the other is in the west and links up with the former two. In planthe whole complex is laid out in the shape of the character “凹” with the east bordering on the HuanshuiRiver. The northern row is the main buildings, measuring 62m in length and 7.5m in width. The post-holesare neatly arranged, and mostly contain base-stones in the lower part. To the south of thehouse-foundations are the remains of three gate-ways in a good condition, which are separated by a spaceof about 4.3m between each two and measure 2m in width each. The paths are compactly paved withpebbles along both sides, and the gates are all flanked by sacrificial pits containing human victims andtheir heads chopped off, as well as broken pottery. A bronze he tripod was discovered to the west of themiddle gate, in a damaged pottery jar. It bears the inscription “武父乙”, which together with the features of the pottery indicates that the buildings were made in the early Wu Ding reign. The discovery of the buildings is of great importance. It expanded the recorded scope of the YinRuin palace area southward by 130 meters.

  16. Student Alumni Associations and Foundations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberger, Patricia L., Ed.

    Papers from a conference on student alumni programs and foundations are presented. Contents are as follows: "How Student Alumni Programs Can Serve Your Institution," by Larry Weiss; "How to Start a Student Alumni Organization," by William Harlan; "Getting the Right Students: How, When, and Where" (Harlan); "Building Your Budget From Scratch," by…

  17. Reactor building

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The whole reactor building is accommodated in a shaft and is sealed level with the earth's surface by a building ceiling, which provides protection against penetration due to external effects. The building ceiling is supported on walls of the reactor building, which line the shaft and transfer the vertical components of forces to the foundations. The thickness of the walls is designed to withstand horizontal pressure waves in the floor. The building ceiling has an opening above the reactor, which must be closed by cover plates. Operating equipment for the reactor can be situated above the building ceiling. (orig./HP)

  18. 考虑地基不均匀性核反应堆地震响应分析%Seismic response analysis of nuclear reactor buildings considering inhomogeneity of their foundations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴强; 薛志成; 胡波

    2011-01-01

    The factors which influence the seismic responses of nuclear engineering structure include the properties of earthquake, soil and structures. In this paper, for the purpose of the reactor building of nuclear station, the influ ence of the floor response spectra possessing multi-damping and other seismic responses of nuclear reactor building under the condition of inhomogeneous foundation soil is investigated by considering the soil-structure interaction (SSI). Seismic responses of reactor are calculated by using SUPERFLUSH/2D software, the finite element model of foundation is made by utilizing ANSYS; the finite element model of reactor based on lumped-mass model is con structed by using SUPERFLUSH/2D. In the finite element method, the energy transfer boundary conditions at the bottom and sides of the model can be considered. The wave energy is transferring at the bottom of model. The wave dispersion fluctuation appears on both sides of model. The influence of foundation inhomogeneity on the floor spec tra , maximum relative displacement and maximum acceleration of the nuclear reactor building is revealed by the nu merical simulation, which provides a theoretical reference for structural design of nuclear reactor plant.%核电站结构地震响应主要取决于地震动特性、地基土特性以及结构特性.本文以某核电站反应堆厂房结构为对象,研究了考虑土-结构相互作用的不均匀地基土对核反应堆地震响应的影响,包括核反应堆和地基的最大加速度、楼层最大相对位移以及楼层多阻尼反应谱.结构地震响应分析使用SUPERFLUSH/2D软件,地基模型由ANSYS建模;核反应堆采用集中质量模型.模型底部及两侧均可考虑无限体能量传递边界,底部表达波动的能量传递;两侧表达波动的逸散.研究结果揭示了地基不均匀性对核电厂反应堆楼层反应谱、最大相对位移、最大加速度的影响规律,从而为核反

  19. "OpenSUSE Build Service" May Obtain from the Linux Developer's Network,the Linux Foundation Aennounced%Linux基金会宣布OpenSUSE Build Service可在Linux开发人员网络中获得

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ 最新版本的Build Service将支持以ARM为基础的嵌入式设备 2009年4月10日,OpenSUSE项目与Linux基金会联合宣布,OpenSUSE Build Service将加入Linux开发人员网络(LDN).openSUSE(R)Build Service是唯一可使开发人员针对所有主要的Linux发行版进行软件包装的开发平台,可为创建完整的openSUSE发行版提供透明化的基础架构,宣布推出OpenSUSE Build Service新版本,该版本具有支持ARM平台编译的能力.

  20. 某高层商住楼地基土液化判定及其处理措施%The Determination and Control Measures of the Foundation Liquefaction of A Commercial and Residential Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯沛涛

    2014-01-01

    通过对砂土液化机理、砂土液化影响因素等的论述,说明砂土液化对建筑物的影响。结合工程勘察实例,首先用砂层时代、当地地震烈度及地下水位对地基的影响进行初判,再根据标准贯入试验锤击数进一步判定地基液化等级,据此提出了采用钻孔灌注桩防止液化的措施,效果良好。%The mechanism of sand liquefaction and its influencing factors were discussed here to demonstrate its impact on the buildings above .According to the investigation of a practical engineering project ,first ,the preliminary determination for the foundation of the project was made by considering the era of sand layer ,the local seismic intensity and under-ground water level .And then the liquefaction grade of the foundation was determined by counting the times of hammering in standard penetration tests .Based on the findings above , a control measure was put forward to prevent liquefaction , which was adopting cast-in-situ bored piles .This method is proven effective with good results .

  1. The foundations of next generation attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder neuropsychology: building on progress during the last 30 years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sonuga-Barke, Edmund J S; Coghill, David

    2014-12-01

    In this short overview we have illustrated 30 years of progress in the field of ADHD neuropsychology through a selective presentation of studies published in the JCPP. Clearly this is not an exhaustive list of papers (we had to leave many excellent studies out) and obviously many studies published in other journals have had an equally significant impact on the field. Nevertheless, it is clear that the JCPP has contributed in important ways to providing the empirical and intellectual foundations of the next generation of ADHD neuropsychological models in terms of insight regarding context dependence, complexity and heterogeneity, and diagnostic specificity and sensitivity. Furthermore, articles have highlighted the importance of a developmental perspective on neuropsychological deficits in ADHD as well as the possibility that they could be targeted with new and novel treatments. Our hope is that we will continue to witness similar growth in understanding over the next 30 years, and that the JCPP will continue to be at the forefront of this progress.

  2. Interação solo-estrutura para edifícios sobre fundações rasas = Soil-structure interaction for buildings bearing on shallow foundations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Alves de Souza

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available A hipótese de apoios totalmente rígidos (fundações engastadas ou rotuladas para as condições de vinculação de edifícios em concreto armado vem sendo utilizada há muito tempo pelos engenheiros de estruturas. Tal fato se deve, principalmente, à grande dificuldade que se tinha no passado em analisar manualmente edifícios sobre apoios flexíveis. Porém, com a chegada dos microcomputadores e com o desenvolvimento de diversos programas computacionais, já se pode usufruir de análises mais realistas, que levam em consideração a deformabilidade do solo adjacente às fundações. No entanto, observa-seque os engenheiros estruturais continuam utilizando o mesmo modelo simplificado do passado, provavelmente pela falta de informações ou talvez pela falta de maior interação com os engenheiros de fundações. Neste contexto, o presente trabalho tem por objetivo apresentar recomendações práticas para a aplicação da interação solo-estrutura.Adicionalmente, demonstra-se que a hipótese de apoios totalmente rígidos pode levar a importantes distorções nos esforços obtidos para os pilares de edifícios em concreto armado pelos exemplos práticos.The assumption of perfect supports (fixed or pinned foundations for the boundary conditions of reinforced concrete buildings has been used for many years by structural engineers. This fact is mainly attributed to the great difficulties faced in the past, when designers needed to calculate buildings by using manual methods. Nowadays, realistic analysis that takes into account the deformability of the adjacent soil foundation is possible,based on the development of powerful computers and computational software packages. However, many structural engineers still use the same simplified boundary conditions widely used in the past. The main explanation for this problem may be the lack of information and models available in the literature, as well as the lack of interaction between structural

  3. Skin Cancer Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Host a Fundraising Event | About Us | Store The Skin Cancer Foundation The Skin Cancer Foundation is the ... A "Sunscreen Gene"? Skin Cancer Facts & Statistics The Skin Cancer Foundation's Champions for Change Gala 2016 Learn ...

  4. APPLICATION OF PRESTRESSED SHELLS TO STRENGTHEN STRIP FOUNDATIONS

    OpenAIRE

    Ter-Martirosjan Zaven Grigor'evich; Pronozin Jakov Aleksandrovich; Naumkina Julija Vladimirovna

    2012-01-01

    Effective method of strengthening of foundations of existing buildings by pre-stressed shells is considered in the paper. Advantages of the proposed strengthening method, its production technology and pre-conditions of its analysis are also presented. Presently, strengthening of ground foundations and foundations of buildings and structures is a relevant civil engineering challenge. It is driven by high intensity of restructuring and modernization of buildings and alteration of geological eng...

  5. International Health Regulations (2005 and the U.S. Department of Defense: building core capacities on a foundation of partnership and trust

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blazes David L

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A cornerstone of effective global health surveillance programs is the ability to build systems that identify, track and respond to public health threats in a timely manner. These functions are often difficult and require international cooperation given the rapidity with which diseases cross national borders and spread throughout the global community as a result of travel and migration by both humans and animals. As part of the U.S. Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center (AFHSC, the Department of Defense’s (DoD Globa Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System (AFHSC-GEIS has developed a global network of surveillance sites over the past decade that engages in a wide spectrum of support activities in collaboration with host country partners. Many of these activities are in direct support of International Health Regulations (IHR[2005]. The network also supports host country military forces around the world, which are equally affected by these threats and are often in a unique position to respond in areas of conflict or during complex emergencies. With IHR(2005 as the guiding framework for action, the AFHSC-GEIS network of international partners and overseas research laboratories continues to develop into a far-reaching system for identifying, analyzing and responding to emerging disease threats.

  6. Supports of Foundation Excavation for Some High-rise Residential Buildings Project%某高层公寓项目基坑支护技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛雪华; 毛怀东

    2012-01-01

    Based on hydrogeological conditions and surrounding environment, prestressed anchors with waist beam and soil nailing wall is adopted in segments for some high-rise residential buildings project. Authors introduce supports structure design, underwater control, dynamical control of the whole construction process, monitoring and emergency schemes. Finally, the experiences is summed up according to the practical application.%结合水文地质条件及周边环境,某高层公寓及地下车库工程分段采用预应力锚杆加腰梁及土钉墙作为支护结构.从支护结构设计、地下水控制、施工过程动态控制、监测及应急预案等方面介绍了该基坑工程支护技术,最后对实际应用情况进行了经验总结.

  7. Calculation of thawing of the soil foundations with the surface basements of a low-rise buildings in permafrost%多年冻土区低层建筑地下室土基的解冻计算

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Terenty A.Kornilov; Igor I.Rozhin; Ekaterina A.Kononova; Dmitry A.Grigoriev; Ayyna N.Danilova

    2014-01-01

    Thawing of permafrost soil foundations of low-rise buildings with surface basements has been studied by the methods of mathematical modeling .The model takes into account air temperature changes , total solar radiation , surface albedo , thickness of snow cover and changes of coefficient of heat transfer between atmosphere and the Earth surface during a year .The influence of building dimensions , thermal resistance of plinth panel and thermal conditions of soil on dynamics of thawed bowl have been investiga -ted in the computational experiment .Comparative assessment of the results of calculation of the depth of thawing revealed that the depth of thaw calculated by existing standards , is considerably underestimated and does not depend on the thermal resistance of plinth panel .Moreover the standards do not take into account initial thermal conditions of soil and annual changes of atmospheric temperature .%对多年冻土区低层建筑地下室的解冻可通过数学建模的方法研究。该模型考虑了空气温度的变化、太阳总辐射、地表反照率以及一年中大气和地球表面之间的热传递系数的变化。建筑尺寸影响的研究,是基于基座面板的热阻和热条件土壤解冻动力学计算实验进行的。比较评估的计算融化深度结果显示,现有的解冻深度的标准,大大低估了和不依赖于基座面板的热阻。此外,该标准不考虑初始土壤热状况和大气温度的年际变化。

  8. 高层建筑地下室顶板后浇带处电梯基础施工工法%Elevator foundation construction methods of the high-rise building basement roof post-casting belt

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨云平

    2015-01-01

    Combining with engineering examples,the paper analyzes elevator foundation construction features and application of high-rise building basement roof post-casting belt. According to its construction technology principles,it describes post-casting belt concrete grouting,scaffold erec-tion,pre-embedded parts installation and other operation points,and summarizes its quality,safety and environment protecting measures,and fi-nally achieves good economic and social benefits.%结合工程实例,分析了高层建筑地下室顶板后浇带处电梯基础施工工法的特点及适用范围,依据其施工工艺原理,对后浇带混凝土浇筑、满堂支撑架搭设、顶埋件安装等操作要点进行了阐述,并总结了质量、安全、环保措施,取得了良好的经济社会效益。

  9. Cooley's Anemia Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooley's Anemia Foundation Leading the Fight against Thalassemia About Us Mission/Purpose History About Thomas Benton Cooley Medical Research ... Gabriella was diagnosed with thalassemia, and the Cooley’s Anemia Foundation continues to play an almost-daily role ...

  10. The Monopod Bucket Foundation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bakmar, Christian LeBlanc; Ahle, Kim; Nielsen, Søren A.;

    2009-01-01

    Following the successful installation of a prototype of a monopod bucket foundation, also called a “monopod suction caisson”, at Horns Rev 2 Offshore Wind Farm, Denmark, in 2009, DONG Energy is currently developing a commercialization strategy. The monopod bucket foundation is a promising foundat......, further research, development and prototype testing are required, before the monopod bucket foundation can be commercialized.......Following the successful installation of a prototype of a monopod bucket foundation, also called a “monopod suction caisson”, at Horns Rev 2 Offshore Wind Farm, Denmark, in 2009, DONG Energy is currently developing a commercialization strategy. The monopod bucket foundation is a promising...... foundation concept for offshore wind turbines and can be installed using suction assisted penetration, combined with other installation methods. This selfinstalling foundation concept, may avoid the use of expensive jack-ups and scour protection, and thus significantly reduces installation costs. However...

  11. American Vitiligo Research Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... life can acquire vitiligo Welcome to The American Vitiligo Foundation "Embracing Diversity" bracelets are available to help ... animal testing. Please Visit Our Donations Page American Vitiligo Research Foundation "We Walk By Faith, Not By ...

  12. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Search How We Work Our Focus Areas About RWJF Search Menu How We ... lives. Learn more For Grantees and Grantseekers The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation supports a wide array of ...

  13. Pulmonary Fibrosis Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the most current news and updates from the Pulmonary Fibrosis Foundation. Life with PF Education & Support About PF ... open ! JOIN NOW We Imagine a World Without Pulmonary Fibrosis The Pulmonary Fibrosis Foundation mobilizes people and resources ...

  14. Build an Early Foundation for Algebra Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knuth, Eric; Stephens, Ana; Blanton, Maria; Gardiner, Angela

    2016-01-01

    Research tells us that success in algebra is a factor in many other important student outcomes. Emerging research also suggests that students who are started on an algebra curriculum in the earlier grades may have greater success in the subject in secondary school. What's needed is a consistent, algebra-infused mathematics curriculum all…

  15. Building an imaging center: laying the foundation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foreman, M Shane; Geise, Jon D; Reed, Mary A

    2005-01-01

    In Spring 2003, Central Louisiana Imaging, Inc. (CLII), an 11-member radiology group, decided to create a properly configured freestanding imaging center. Before moving forward with the project, CLII conducted extensive market research and learned the following: CLII's ability to draw patients from a broad geography (central Louisiana) would work in its favor While the defined market was shrinking slightly and made up of middle-income households, the population was fairly well insured and aging at a rate comparable to the nation. Given an aging population and advances in technology, market demand for imaging was projected to grow despite the shrinking population. There were opportunities to differentiate on quality technology, service offering, and customer service; the sophistication and positioning of competitors is more important than the sheer number of competitors. CLII's relationship with key referring physicians was likely portable and would translate into volume within the new center. The group measured each potential service or modality against 5 evaluation criteria to determine whether a market opportunity existed: demographic fit, projected market demand, competitive positioning, "anchor service," and synergy with CLII's strategy. Once the market opportunity was confirmed and the service offering was set, CLII completed a 5-year proforma in order to project cash flows, capital costs, and the anticipated return on investment. CLII opened the imaging center in September 2004. Ten months into opeations, the center was a measurable success. The levels, and break-even by month 4, volumes are currently at year 2 levels, and the center recently added nuclear medicine and its second magnetic resonance imaging system-11 months ahead of schedule. PMID:16187609

  16. Expert Meeting Report. Foundations Research Results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ojczyk, C. [Univ. of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN (United States); Huelman, P. [Univ. of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN (United States); Carmody, J. [Univ. of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN (United States)

    2013-05-01

    The NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership held an expert meeting on Foundations–Research Results on November 15, 2011, in Minneapolis, MN. Audience participation was actively encouraged during each presentation to uncover needs and promote dialog among researchers and industry professionals. Key results were: greater understanding of the role of moisture transport through foundation and insulation materials and its potential impact on building durability; greater understanding of the role of foundation type in the process of selecting an insulation system for energy performance and building durability; need for research to quantify the risks associated with insulation processes to better enable users to weigh costs and benefits against the existing conditions of a home; need for improved performance modeling capabilities that address variations in foundation types and soil conditions.

  17. Foundations of resilience thinking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curtin, Charles G; Parker, Jessica P

    2014-08-01

    Through 3 broad and interconnected streams of thought, resilience thinking has influenced the science of ecology and natural resource management by generating new multidisciplinary approaches to environmental problem solving. Resilience science, adaptive management (AM), and ecological policy design (EPD) contributed to an internationally unified paradigm built around the realization that change is inevitable and that science and management must approach the world with this assumption, rather than one of stability. Resilience thinking treats actions as experiments to be learned from, rather than intellectual propositions to be defended or mistakes to be ignored. It asks what is novel and innovative and strives to capture the overall behavior of a system, rather than seeking static, precise outcomes from discrete action steps. Understanding the foundations of resilience thinking is an important building block for developing more holistic and adaptive approaches to conservation. We conducted a comprehensive review of the history of resilience thinking because resilience thinking provides a working context upon which more effective, synergistic, and systems-based conservation action can be taken in light of rapid and unpredictable change. Together, resilience science, AM, and EPD bridge the gaps between systems analysis, ecology, and resource management to provide an interdisciplinary approach to solving wicked problems.

  18. The foundation of self-esteem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, Joseph A

    2003-05-01

    Self-esteem is a simplistic term for varied and complex mental states pertaining to how one views oneself. It takes but little research in the voluminous literature to see the vagueness and inconsistencies in its various definitions. Even more problematic is the uncertainty concerning its foundational components. The importance of having a solid definition and specific ideas about the foundational components of self-esteem is that both pave the way to recognizing its causes; to predicting effects from those causes; and to organizing the trouble-shooting process for locating those philosophical flaws or psychological scars which lead to low self-esteem. The purpose of this paper is to offer a common ground for thinking about self-esteem at its most basic level. In order to distinguish the "basic level" from the rest of the components of self-esteem, let us liken it to a skyscraper building. Here, the focus is on the building's "underground foundation" and the base upon which that foundation rests. The base is a definition that allows for the assessment of the foundation. The underground foundation itself consists of the mental building blocks called self-meaning, self-identity, self-image, and self-concepts. To help illustrate their interactions, a few of the "masks" and "faces" of self-esteem will be mentioned. What is not being addressed is the "above ground structure"--those theories and manifestations dealt with by most mental health specialists.

  19. Philosophical foundations of interpretations of quantum mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Bezlepkin, Evgeny

    2016-01-01

    It is demonstrated that the reason for the diversity of interpretations of quantum mechanics is that they are not connected by continuity relations with classical physics, and also the reason is the impossibility of operationalist definition of the vector of state. The problem lies in the incompatibility of the philosophical foundations of interpretations, which results in the difficulty of building a unified picture of the world. To solve the problem, we identify general philosophical foundation of interpretations of quantum mechanics and built their classification. We also show that in more general theories, the part of which is quantum mechanics, it is possible to integrate (reconcile) the philosophical foundations of interpretations.

  20. 上海中心大厦主楼深大圆基坑施工风险分析及应对措施%Risk Analysis and Control Measures for Large-deep Circular Foundation Excavation in Main Building of Shanghai Tower

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王学知

    2012-01-01

    The conventional risk of deep foundation excavation in soft soil area is analyzed. Then on the base of actual conditions of the foundation excavation in Shanghai Tower Main Building, the stress analysis is done for the deep foundation excavation. Furthermore, the risk control measures are put forward to reduce the risk of deep foundation excavation and ensure the foundation safety such as analyzing on soil distribution of soils surrounding the foundation excavation methods, controlling construction quality of the support structures, monitoring the water level in the foundation excavation, controlling the excavation methods, checking the loads surrounding the foundation excavation and emphasizing on the analysis of monitoring data.%首先对软土地区深基坑工程的常规性风险进行分析,然后结合上海中心大厦主楼深基坑工程具体情况,对主楼深基坑及地下连续墙进行受力简化分析,进而提出分析基坑内外土体分布情况、控制围护结构施工质量、监测坑内水位、控制基坑开挖方式、检查周边堆载情况及重视监测数据分析等风险应对措施,降低了深基坑工程的风险,保证了基坑工程顺利实施.

  1. Seismic Performance of Foundations of Multi-story Buildings Considering Post-earthquake Consolidation Settlement%包括震后固结沉降在内的多层结构物基础抗震性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    包小华; 付艳斌; 叶斌; 叶冠林; 张锋

    2015-01-01

    In evaluating the damage caused by earthquakes,attention has been paid in the past to ground liquefaction and displacement during or immediately after the earthquakes.For this rea-son,only the analysis of liquefaction in sandy ground during earthquakes is performed in most dy-namic analyses.However,the damage to complex ground that contains sand,silt,or clay layers and long-term settlement over several weeks or years after the earthquake cannot be ignored mainly because of the long time required for the dissipation of excess pore water pressure (EPWP)and the recovery of the ground rigidity.In this study,a multi-story car park with a steel frame is de-signed and constructed according to Japanese Architectural Building Standards.This study will in-vestigate the seismic performance of the building during and after a great earthquake that is pre-dicted to hit the central part of Japan in the near future.Special attention is paid to the differential settlement caused by liquefaction and long-term settlement after the earthquake.The analysis is performed using a 2D soil-water coupled dynamic/static finite element analysis program DB-LEAVES,considering ground-foundation-superstructure as one whole system.The program can analyze not only the static and dynamic behavior of natural complex ground but also solve soil-structure interaction problems.The applicability and accuracy of the program have been verified by many investigations.A rotational kinematic hardening elasto-plastic model called the cyclic mobility (CM)model is adopted in this analysis to describe the nonlinear behavior of cohesionless soils under both dynamic and static loadings,particularly the cyclic mobility of sand during lique-faction.With the CM model and an effective-stress-based FEM code,the mechanical behavior of soil,change of EPWP,and consolidation can be defined.The input earthquake wave is an approxi-mation of three synchronized seismic waves whose main shock lasts about 150 s with a maximum

  2. Microsoft Windows Identity Foundation Cookbook

    CERN Document Server

    Chanda, Sandeep

    2012-01-01

    This book is written in a simple, easy to understand format, with lots of screenshots and step-by-step explanations.If you are a .NET developer looking forward to building access control in your applications using claims-based identity, then this is the best guide for you. This book is also an excellent choice for professionals and IT administrators trying to enable Single Sign-On across applications within the enterprise, and in the cloud spanning interoperable platforms. No previous knowledge on the subject is necessary, however a strong foundation in the C# programming language and .NET Fra

  3. Foundations on Expansive Soils; A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Behzad Kalantari

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This study describes various types of foundation designs to be considered for structural engineering projects when the subsoil foundation consists of expansive or swelling soils. Among civil and architectural engineers expansive soils are known to be difficult foundation materials and problematic. These type of soils swell when they are subjected to moistures and shrink due to moisture loss. Because of this different behaviour upon wetting and drying, they cause minor to major structural damages to pavements as well as buildings. Every year millions of dollars spent dealing with the consequences of swelling soils. For design of foundations on swelling soil, it is first essential to recognize and evaluate the soil based on its swelling potential, and then determining the most proper foundation design that can be constructed on this problematic soil. In general, this study presents some of the most common techniques to evaluate the swelling potential of expansive soils. Also, it discusses problems associated with swelling soil, classification of structural damages caused to buildings, and various foundation designs to combat the problems based on the degree of detrimental effects of swelling potential to civil engineering projects.

  4. Foundations for Critical Thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bers, Trudy; Chun, Marc; Daly, William T.; Harrington, Christine; Tobolowsky, Barbara F.

    2015-01-01

    "Foundations for Critical Thinking" explores the landscape of critical-thinking skill development and pedagogy through foundational chapters and institutional case studies involving a range of students in diverse settings. By establishing a link between active learning and improved critical thinking, this resource encourages all higher…

  5. Modelling Foundations and Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 8th European Conference on Modelling Foundations and Applications, held in Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark, in July 2012. The 20 revised full foundations track papers and 10 revised full applications track papers presented were carefully reviewed and sel...

  6. 公共危机管理能力:加强社会建设的重要基础%Public Crisis Management Capability:an Important Foundation of Building a Harmonious Socialist Society

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范炳良

    2013-01-01

    Public crisis management capability is the performance of the government’s ability to respond to risk so-ciety and public crisis. It has the characteristics of strong strain capacity, high integrity requirements and wide cov-erage. It is the important basis of strengthening social construction and building a harmonious socialist society. However, there are many problems in China’s public crisis management, such as national crisis consciousness, un-clear management subject, lack of work, unsound legal system and mechanism of crisis management, lagging infor-mation management and so on. That seriously affects and restricts the construction of a harmonious society. There-fore, the government should set up a sense of crisis, strengthen management responsibilities, lead the concept of public governance into society, perfect the laws and regulations of crisis management, improve the organization and management system, strengthen the crisis information management, and take solving the interests of what the peo-ple are most concerned about as the focal point to tamp the foundation of social construction.%公共危机管理能力是政府应对风险社会与公共危机的能力表现,具有应变能力强、整体性要求高、覆盖范围广等特征,是加强社会建设与构建社会主义和谐社会的重要基础。目前,我国公共危机管理存在着全民危机意识淡薄、管理主体不明确、工作不到位、危机管理法制机制不健全、信息管理滞后等问题,严重影响和制约了和谐社会的建设。为此,应在全社会树立危机意识,强化管理责任,引入公共治理理念,完善危机管理法规,健全组织管理体系,加强危机信息管理,以解决人民群众最关心的利益问题为抓手,夯实社会建设的基础。

  7. Interactive data visualization foundations, techniques, and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Ward, Matthew; Keim, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    Interactive Data Visualization: Foundations, Techniques, and Applications, Second Edition provides all the theory, details, and tools necessary to build visualizations and systems involving the visualization of data. In color throughout, it explains basic terminology and concepts, algorithmic and software engineering issues, and commonly used techniques and high-level algorithms. Full source code is provided for completing implementations.

  8. Towards Axiomatic Foundations for Defuzzification Theory

    OpenAIRE

    Thiele, Helmut

    1998-01-01

    The starting point of the paper presented are the well-known defuzzification procedures on the one hand and approaches to axiomatize the concept of defuzzification, on the other hand. We present a new attempt to build up an axiomatic foundation for defuzzification theory using the theory of groups and the theory of partially ordered sets, and in particular, the theory of GALOIS connections.

  9. Vibrations of machine foundations and surrounding soil

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Koten, H.; Hoogenboom, P.C.J.

    2012-01-01

    Rotating or pulsing machines are often placed on concrete foundations supported by soil. The machines cause vibrations in the building and in the surrounding soil. This paper provides information, formulas and calculation examples to predict these vibrations. The formulas have been experimentally te

  10. Children's Cardiomyopathy Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Search The Children's Cardiomyopathy Foundation (CCF) is a national, non-profit organization focused on pediatric cardiomyopathy, a chronic disease of the heart muscle. CCF is dedicated to accelerating the search for ...

  11. Melanoma International Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 501(c)(3) charity, also registered as a non-profit charity in the state of Pennsylvania, certificate #29498 © 2013 Melanoma International Foundation. All Rights Reserved. Privacy Policy | Terms of Use ...

  12. Restless Legs Syndrome Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Into Relieved Are you experiencing symptoms linked to restless legs syndrome (RLS)? Find tools and support to help get ... I couldn’t sleep. Fortunately, I found the Restless Legs Syndrome Foundation and learned what type of doctor to ...

  13. Children's Brain Tumor Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Become a monthly donor Volunteer Support LIMA Cares Sponsored by Jenna's Rainbow Foundation Jenna's Corner Online Community Username Password Not a member yet? Join Now Forgot password? CBTF Blog How do you all feel?? By: Tom | Sunday, ...

  14. Hepatitis B Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... worldwide 2 Billion People have been infected with Hepatitis B Worldwide The Hepatitis B Foundation is working ... of people living with hepatitis B. Learn About Hepatitis B in 10 Other Languages . Resource Video See ...

  15. Pediatric Brain Tumor Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... you insights into your child's treatment. LEARN MORE Brain tumors and their treatment can be deadly so ... to make progress in “immunogenomics” Read more >> Pediatric Brain Tumor Foundation 302 Ridgefield Court, Asheville, NC 28806 ...

  16. National Fragile X Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Anthology Advocacy National Fragile X Foundation Advocacy Day STAR: Local Advocacy Agenda and Accomplishments Community Events International ... Feeding and Fragile X Toilet Training the Older Child Oppositional or Merely Anxious? Public or Private? Managing ...

  17. Foundation for Sarcoidosis Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Clinical Trials Fail: FSR’s New Initiative to Bridge Gap between Industry Leaders, Researchers, and Patients Guest post ... 1 2 3 … 10 Next → Foundation for Sarcoidosis Research 1820 W. Webster Ave Suite 304 Chicago, Illinois ...

  18. Kessler Foundation Research Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... download directions in PDF format >> Map it with Google Maps Our other location 1199 Pleasant Valley Way West ... download directions in PDF format >> Map it with Google Maps email us @ info@kesslerfoundation.org Kessler Foundation 2015 © | ...

  19. Cleft Palate Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Spanish , and Mandarin ! Information on Cleft Lip and Palate Our booklets and factsheets address a variety of ... Bear. –Paige with her Cleftline™ teddy bear– Cleft Palate Foundation 1504 East Franklin Street, Suite 102 Chapel ...

  20. The foundations of statistics

    CERN Document Server

    Savage, Leonard J

    1972-01-01

    Classic analysis of the foundations of statistics and development of personal probability, one of the greatest controversies in modern statistical thought. Revised edition. Calculus, probability, statistics, and Boolean algebra are recommended.

  1. National Psoriasis Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... handle bullies in the classroom. Previous Next National Psoriasis Foundation provides you with the help you need to best manage your psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis, while promoting research to find ...

  2. Morris Animal Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the transmission of serious illnesses. Read more » Morris Animal Foundation Receives $750,000 Grant for Cancer Studies. ... Give Partners Become a Partner Meet Our Partners Animal Lovers Our Work Ways to Give Pet Health ...

  3. Mesothelioma Applied Research Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Percentage Donations Tribute Wall Other Giving/Fundraising Opportunities Bitcoin Donation Form FAQs Help us raise awareness and ... Percentage Donations Tribute Wall Other Giving/Fundraising Opportunities Bitcoin Donation Form FAQs © 2013 Mesothelioma Applied Research Foundation, ...

  4. Prostate Cancer Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... P 2 rovocative Questions PCCTC Scientific Retreat Coffey-Holden Research News Faces of Prostate Cancer [4] Survivors ... Foundation News The Prostate Cancer Foundation’s 2016 Coffey-Holden Prostate Cancer Academy Meeting accelerates advances in the ...

  5. National Emphysema Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... August 15, 2016 A recent study finds that music therapy benefits chronic obstructive p... July 04, 2016 A new recommendation from US Preventive Services Task Force is encoura... Copyright © 2016, National Emphysema Foundation, all rights reserved home ...

  6. Foundations of measurement

    CERN Document Server

    Suppes, Patrick

    1989-01-01

    Foundations of Measurement offers the most coherently organized treatment of the topics and issues central to measurement. Much of the research involved has been scattered over several decades and a multitude of journals--available in many instances only to specialties. With the publication of Volumes two and three of this important work, Foundations of Measurement is the most comprehensive presentation in the area of measurement.

  7. Foundational aspects of security

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chatzikokolakis, Konstantinos; Mödersheim, Sebastian Alexander; Palamidessi, Catuscia;

    2014-01-01

    This Special Issue of the Journal of Computer Security focuses on foundational aspects of security, which in recent years have helped change much of the way we think about and approach system security.......This Special Issue of the Journal of Computer Security focuses on foundational aspects of security, which in recent years have helped change much of the way we think about and approach system security....

  8. Excavationless Exterior Foundation Insulation Field Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schirber, T.; Mosiman, G.; Ojczyk, C.

    2014-10-01

    Building science research supports installing exterior (soil side) foundation insulation as the optimal method to enhance the hygrothermal performance of new homes. With exterior foundation insulation, water management strategies are maximized while insulating the basement space and ensuring a more even temperature at the foundation wall. However, such an approach can be very costly and disruptive when applied to an existing home, requiring deep excavation around the entire house. The NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership team implemented an innovative, minimally invasive foundation insulation upgrade technique on an existing home. The approach consisted of using hydrovac excavation technology combined with a liquid insulating foam. The team was able to excavate a continuous 4" wide by 4' to 5' deep trench around the entire house, 128 linear feet, except for one small part under the stoop that was obstructed with concrete debris. The combination pressure washer and vacuum extraction technology also enabled the elimination of large trenches and soil stockpiles normally produced by backhoe excavation. The resulting trench was filled with liquid insulating foam, which also served as a water-control layer of the assembly. The insulation was brought above grade using a liquid foam/rigid foam hybrid system and terminated at the top of the rim joist. Cost savings over the traditional excavation process ranged from 23% to 50%. The excavationless process could result in even greater savings since replacement of building structures, exterior features, utility meters, and landscaping would be minimal or non-existent in an excavationless process.

  9. Excavationless Exterior Foundation Insulation Field Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schirber, T. [NorthernSTAR, Minneaplolis, MN (United States); Mosiman, G. [NorthernSTAR, Minneaplolis, MN (United States); Ojczyk, C. [NorthernSTAR, Minneaplolis, MN (United States)

    2014-09-01

    Building science research supports installing exterior (soil side) foundation insulation as the optimal method to enhance the hygrothermal performance of new homes. With exterior foundation insulation, water management strategies are maximized while insulating the basement space and ensuring a more even temperature at the foundation wall. However, such an approach can be very costly and disruptive when applied to an existing home, requiring deep excavation around the entire house. The NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership team implemented an innovative, minimally invasive foundation insulation upgrade technique on an existing home. The approach consisted of using hydrovac excavation technology combined with liquid insulating foam. The team was able to excavate a continuous 4 inches wide by 4 feet to 5 feet deep trench around the entire house, 128 linear feet, except for one small part under the stoop that was obstructed with concrete debris. The combination pressure washer and vacuum extraction technology also enabled the elimination of large trenches and soil stockpiles normally produced by backhoe excavation. The resulting trench was filled with liquid insulating foam, which also served as a water-control layer of the assembly. The insulation was brought above grade using a liquid foam/rigid foam hybrid system and terminated at the top of the rim joist. Cost savings over the traditional excavation process ranged from 23% to 50%. The excavationless process could result in even greater savings since replacement of building structures, exterior features, utility meters, and landscaping would be minimal or non-existent in an excavationless process.

  10. Health legacy foundations: a new census.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niggel, Sabrina Jones; Brandon, William P

    2014-01-01

    Health care merger and acquisition activity has increased since enactment of the Affordable Care Act in 2010. Proceeds from transactions involving nonprofit hospitals, health systems, and health plans will endow philanthropic foundations, collectively known as health legacy foundations. Building on work by Grantmakers In Health, we undertook a systematic search for these foundations and generated a newly updated, comprehensive database. We found 306 organizations in forty-three states that have been endowed with proceeds from the sale, merger, lease, joint venture, or other restructuring of nonprofit health care assets. These health legacy foundations had $26.2 billion in assets in 2010. Concentrated in the southern United States, foundations originating from hospitals and specialty care facilities (86.6 percent) held mean assets of $64.7 million per funder and typically restricted grants to local communities. Foundations formed from health plans (13.4 percent) held higher mean assets ($222 million), usually served larger areas, and were more likely to engage in health care advocacy. Recent transactions involving smaller and stand-alone nonprofit hospitals will infuse many more communities with unprecedented charitable wealth. PMID:24395949

  11. An Experimental Test Method of Determining the Foundation Bearing Capacity of Existing Buildings through Allowable Subsoil Deformation%按地基允许变形确定既有建筑地基承载力的试验方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李平

    2013-01-01

    The foundation bearing capacity of existing buildings should be determined through load test,the allowable subsoil deformation is the control standard.The settlement of load test is different from that of practical foundation because of size effect and space effect of loading plate.The proportional relation between load test settlement and practical foundation settlement combined with instance is analyzed through large scale indoor model test.The seven days sustained load test is done on the soil of same nature near the buildings when determining the foundation soil bearing capacity of existing buildings in practical engineering,the settlement of seven days sustained load test and the settlement of instance analysis are compared and analyzed.The practical foundation settlement can be changed into load test settlement through certain proportion relationship combined with evaluation of buildings' allowable deformation before story-adding reconstruction on the existing buildings and allowable subsoil deformation ruled by the code,then the appropriate allow deformation index can be chosen to determine the foundation soil bearing capacity of existing buildings through the range of load test allowable deformation.%通过持载的荷载试验确定既有建筑的地基承载力,地基允许变形是其控制标准.实际工程中通过荷载试验确定的地基承载力特征值所对应的沉降值与实际基础沉降值会因荷载板尺寸效应和空间效应出现差异.本文通过大比尺室内模型试验,结合实例分析荷载试验沉降值与实际基础沉降值之间的比例关系.在实际工程确定既有建筑地基承载力时,是在建筑物旁相同性质的土体上做持载7d的荷载试验,将持载7d的试验沉降值与实例计算的基础最终沉降值对比分析,结合既有建筑增层改造前对建筑物允许变形的鉴定评价以及规范规定的地基允许变形值,通过一定的比例关系将实际基础沉降允许值转

  12. Frazier Hall: The foundation failure that didn't

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Frazier Hall is the oldest building on the Idaho State University campus--built before scientific foundation design was common. Its footings were clearly under designed, compared with modern practice. In fact, conventional analysis of the bearing capacity of two footings of this historic building indicate a failure condition. However, this structure is 60 years old and the foundation is still functioning. Possible reasons for the discrepancy between the analysis results and reality are posed and evaluated. This exercise gives some valuable insights into the process of foundation analysis and design. 7 refs., 5 figs

  13. Small-scale Testing of Bucket Foundations in Sand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Bjørn S.; Østergaard, Martin Underlin; Ibsen, Lars Bo

    For offshore foundation structures, the loads are of varying nature both in magnitude and duration. For the bucket foundation the dissipation of the pore pressure is highly relevant since it greatly affects the strength of the structure. The build up of pore pressures with varying loading rate...... skirt will provide valuable information of the quasi-static behaviour. For a number of small-scale tests performed in the laboratory at Aalborg University, a bucket foundation will be loaded with varying velocity to investigate the dissipation and general behaviour of bucket foundations used as offshore...

  14. CONSTITUTIONAL FOUNDATIONS OF JURISDICTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Jamal Batista

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available At the current stage of our State of Law there is no way to separate the study of the civil procedural law from the Federal Constitution, especially the jurisdiction, because it is in the Constitution that there are the legitimizing foundations of the jurisdiction institute. In this article, we carry on about the constitutional foundations of jurisdiction, such as: the principle of natural justice, principle of access to justice, principle of impartiality, principle of publicity, principle of motivation and principle of submission to res judicata. The conclusion is, after all, that jurisdiction, as one of the bulwarks of the citizen, finds in the “Citizen Constitution” of 1988 its foundations and decisive bases.

  15. Buckling of Bucket Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Søren; Andersen, Lars Vabbersgaard; Ibsen, Lars Bo

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, the risk of structural buckling during installation of large-diameter bucket foundations is addressed using numerical methods. Imperfect geometries are introduced based on the pre-buckling mode shapes from a linear Eigenvalue buckling analysis. Various imperfect geometries are intr......In this paper, the risk of structural buckling during installation of large-diameter bucket foundations is addressed using numerical methods. Imperfect geometries are introduced based on the pre-buckling mode shapes from a linear Eigenvalue buckling analysis. Various imperfect geometries...

  16. Optimization Foundations and Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Miller, H Ronald

    2011-01-01

    A thorough and highly accessible resource for analysts in a broad range of social sciences. Optimization: Foundations and Applications presents a series of approaches to the challenges faced by analysts who must find the best way to accomplish particular objectives, usually with the added complication of constraints on the available choices. Award-winning educator Ronald E. Miller provides detailed coverage of both classical, calculus-based approaches and newer, computer-based iterative methods. Dr. Miller lays a solid foundation for both linear and nonlinear models and quickly moves on to dis

  17. TCP/IP foundations

    CERN Document Server

    Blank, Andrew G

    2006-01-01

    The world of IT is always evolving, but in every area there are stable, core concepts that anyone just setting out needed to know last year, needs to know this year, and will still need to know next year. The purpose of the Foundations series is to identify these concepts and present them in a way that gives you the strongest possible starting point, no matter what your endeavor. TCP/IP Foundations provides essential knowledge about the two protocols that form the basis for the Internet, as well as many other networks. What you learn here will benefit you in the short term, as you acquire and

  18. THE NEW STRUCTURE OF A PLATE-PILE FOUNDATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SAMORODOV О. V.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Raising of problem. In the construction of high-rise buildings with significant loads on foundations and bedding at the base of not rocky soils tend to use the most common pile foundation to reduce the deformation and correspond to regulations [1] on the maximum permissible deformation. Monitoring of the stress-strain state (SSS pile foundations constructed buildings shows the existing reserves of bearing capacity on the one hand - soil bases of the second group of limit states, on the other - the foundation of the first group of limit states by regulating the SSS foundation during construction and exploitation. Therefore, are increasingly using more progressive structure of foundations consisting of piles and of plate, as well as methods for their construction [2 - 10], however, in their design there are a number of disadvantages associated with the ambiguity of the application of methods for the calculation of such structures, which allows to do only partial conclusions and recommendations. Purpose. Is proposing the new structure of a plate-pile foundation, which overcomes the drawbacks of the existing design solutions and methods of consruction their, as well as is proposing an engineering method of a determination of basic parameters. Conclusion. Is proposes the new structure of a plate-pile foundation and the method of a determination of basic parameters his in the design of a soil base to the maximum permissible deformation Su buildings. Efficiency of application this type plate-pile foundation obtained by rational distribution resistance between a plate and piles, when under load from the building to the first work fully incorporated plate that allows maximum deformed for plate, and then the piles - due to of the hinge connection with the plate. Thus, depending on the maximum permissible deformation for buildings resistance of plate part of a full load of more than 50%, that significantly reduces the consumption of concrete.

  19. Foundations of Corporate Governance

    OpenAIRE

    Volonté, Christophe

    2012-01-01

    This paper outlines the foundations of corporate governance. The discussion includes a review on the modern corporation, transaction costs theory, agency costs theory, legal investor protection, investor protection by corporate governance and its various mechanisms, as well as an overview of the determinants of corporate governance.

  20. Foundation Fighting Blindness

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Boston VisionWalk Kick Off 8th Annual Central Ohio Golf For Sight Golf Classic San Antonio/Austin Chapter Speaker Series Presentations ... Foundation Fighting Blindness’ 2015 Annual Report. Read More Learn more about the latest retinal research news and ...

  1. Sjogren's Syndrome Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... on Twitter, YouTube, Facebook, and Linkedin! anxiety © 2016 Sjögren’s Syndrome Foundation, Inc. 6707 Democracy Blvd, Ste 325, Bethesda, MD 20817 (Privacy Policy) 1-800 475-6473 · 301 530-4415 (Fax)

  2. Foundations of factor analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Mulaik, Stanley A

    2009-01-01

    Introduction Factor Analysis and Structural Theories Brief History of Factor Analysis as a Linear Model Example of Factor AnalysisMathematical Foundations for Factor Analysis Introduction Scalar AlgebraVectorsMatrix AlgebraDeterminants Treatment of Variables as Vectors Maxima and Minima of FunctionsComposite Variables and Linear Transformations Introduction Composite Variables Unweighted Composite VariablesDifferentially Weighted Composites Matrix EquationsMulti

  3. Impedance of Bucket Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Lars; Ibsen, Lars Bo; Liingaard, Morten

    2008-01-01

    solutions, finding that the present boundary-element-finite-element model provides accurate results. The influence of the soil properties as well as the skirt length of the foundation is analysed, and each dynamic stiffness component is computed as function of a non-dimensional frequency....

  4. Foundations for Farming Website

    OpenAIRE

    Foundations for Farming

    2011-01-01

    Metadata only record This website provides information on the activities and outcomes of Foundations for Farming, an international NGO dedicated to promoting Conservation Agriculture as a means of poverty reduction and food security. The organization currently works in Zimbabwe, South Africa, and Malawi, hosting training sessions and facilitating the dissemination of Conservation Agriculture ideologies and practices.

  5. Measuring the foundation of Homeland Security

    OpenAIRE

    Matthew, David A.

    2007-01-01

    CHDS State/Local This thesis provides a self-assessment tool to compel discussion concerning Homeland Security teamwork. Building on the research of others who have focused on collaboration and teamwork as essential for Homeland Security, it is proclaimed that teamwork is the foundation on which Homeland Security capabilities must be built. The purpose of this thesis is to define the components of teamwork amongst the local multidiscipline organizations with a common Homeland Security ...

  6. Foundations of intervention research in instrumental practice

    OpenAIRE

    Johannes Lunde Hatfield; Pierre-Nicolas eLemyre

    2016-01-01

    The goals of the present study are to evaluate, implement, and adapt psychological skills used in the realm of sports into music performance. This research project also aims to build foundations on how to implement future interventions to guide music students on how to optimize practice toward performance. A two-month psychological skills intervention was provided to two students from the national music academy’s bachelor program in music performance to better understand how to adapt and cons...

  7. Foundations of Intervention Research in Instrumental Practice

    OpenAIRE

    Hatfield, Johannes L.; Lemyre, Pierre-Nicolas

    2016-01-01

    The goals of the present study are to evaluate, implement, and adapt psychological skills used in the realm of sports into music performance. This research project also aims to build foundations on how to implement future interventions to guide music students on how to optimize practice toward performance. A 2-month psychological skills intervention was provided to two students from the national music academy's bachelor program in music performance to better understand how to adapt and constr...

  8. Grouting for Pile Foundation Improvement

    OpenAIRE

    Van der Stoel, A.E.C.

    2001-01-01

    The aim of this research was to examine the use of grouting methods for pile foundation improvement, a generic term that is used here to define both foundation renovation (increasing the bearing capacity of a pile foundation that has insufficient bearing capacity) and foundation protection (safeguarding the piles of the foundation against possible damage resulting from underground construction activities in the vicinity). A full-scale test, of which the general set-up and consistency check ar...

  9. APPLICATION OF PRESTRESSED SHELLS TO STRENGTHEN STRIP FOUNDATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ter-Martirosjan Zaven Grigor'evich

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Effective method of strengthening of foundations of existing buildings by pre-stressed shells is considered in the paper. Advantages of the proposed strengthening method, its production technology and pre-conditions of its analysis are also presented. Presently, strengthening of ground foundations and foundations of buildings and structures is a relevant civil engineering challenge. It is driven by high intensity of restructuring and modernization of buildings and alteration of geological engineering conditions of the areas that are being built up. One of effective methods of strengthening of foundations of existing buildings represents arrangement of pre-stressed concrete shells with conventional steel or metal-free reinforcement. If compared with injection-based technologies, the proposed reinforcement method reduces the cost of construction work by 1.5 times, on average. Therefore, the per-unit cost of shell-based reinforcement of foundations is under 500 Russian roubles per 1 sq. m. of the building floor area. It is noteworthy that no restrictions are imposed on the operation of the building in the course of the above reconstruction, as the secluded backyard is the sole area that accommodates supplementary construction operations.

  10. OLD WORKS OF ART AND FOUNDATION BUILDINGS IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA AFTER THE INVASION: THE NEWSPAPER VATAN SAMPLE
    İŞGAL SONRASI BOSNA-HERSEK’TE ESKİ ESER VE VAKIF ESERLERİ: VATAN GAZETESİ ÖRNEĞİ

    OpenAIRE

    EKİZ, Mehmet

    2012-01-01

    It has been known that there have been lots of Turkish/Islamic works of art in the Balkans. This also includes Bosnia-Herzegovina, which is situated in the far-edge of the Balkans. The works of art which were built during Ottoman Era and protected with the help of the foundations all were left behind after the invasion (1878). Restorations of old works of art in the area which were damaged during wars was brought to agenda after the change in the strategies of Austria-Hungary in order to sta...

  11. Netherlands foundation for radioastronomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A report of the board is followed by departmental reports from the Westerbork Telescope Group, Dwingeloo Telescope Group, Computer Group, Laboratory and Central Technical Services, Astronomy Group, Administration of the Foundation/General Affairs and Personnel Council. Astronomical reports describe radio astronomical research carried out by the Foundation staff and at the Kapteyn Laboratory Groningen, Leiden Observatory, Utrecht Observatory and the Laboratorio di Radioastronomia Bologna, Italy. Progress in the extension of the synthesis radio telescope and investigations into the possibility of substantially increasing the SRT data rate for solar observations, are outlined. Appendices shows the organisational structure, the names of the employees, the operating budget, the observing facilities at Westerbork and Dwingeloo, and the publications and reports published in 1978 and related to observations made with these facilities. (C.F.)

  12. Foundation doctors’ induction experiences

    OpenAIRE

    Miles, Susan; Kellett, Joanne; Leinster, Sam J.

    2015-01-01

    Background It is well established that trainee doctors struggle with the transition from medical school to starting work and feel unprepared for many aspects of their new role. There is evidence that suitable induction experiences improve competence and confidence, but available data indicate that trainee doctors on the UK Foundation Programme are commonly not experiencing useful inductions. The aim of the reported research was to explore trainee doctors’ experiences with induction during the...

  13. Foundations of image science

    CERN Document Server

    Barrett, Harrison H

    2013-01-01

    Winner of the 2006 Joseph W. Goodman Book Writing Award! A comprehensive treatment of the principles, mathematics, and statistics of image science In today's visually oriented society, images play an important role in conveying messages. From seismic imaging to satellite images to medical images, our modern society would be lost without images to enhance our understanding of our health, our culture, and our world. Foundations of Image Science presents a comprehensive treatment of the principles, mathematics, and st

  14. Foundations for Intrusion Prevention

    OpenAIRE

    Alderman, Ian D.; Parter, David W.; Rubin, Shai; Vernon, Mary K.

    2004-01-01

    We propose an infrastructure that helps a system administrator to identify a newly published vulnerability on the site hosts and to evaluate the vulnerability’s threat with respect to the administrator’s security priorities. The infrastructure foundation is the vulnerability semantics, a small set of attributes for vulnerability definition. We demonstrate that with a few attributes it is possible to define the majority of the known vulnerabilities in a way that (i) facilitates ...

  15. Mathematical foundations of thermodynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Giles, R; Stark, M; Ulam, S

    2013-01-01

    Mathematical Foundations of Thermodynamics details the core concepts of the mathematical principles employed in thermodynamics. The book discusses the topics in a way that physical meanings are assigned to the theoretical terms. The coverage of the text includes the mechanical systems and adiabatic processes; topological considerations; and equilibrium states and potentials. The book also covers Galilean thermodynamics; symmetry in thermodynamics; and special relativistic thermodynamics. The book will be of great interest to practitioners and researchers of disciplines that deal with thermodyn

  16. Foundations of Inference

    OpenAIRE

    Kevin H. Knuth; John Skilling

    2012-01-01

    We present a simple and clear foundation for finite inference that unites and significantly extends the approaches of Kolmogorov and Cox. Our approach is based on quantifying lattices of logical statements in a way that satisfies general lattice symmetries. With other applications such as measure theory in mind, our derivations assume minimal symmetries, relying on neither negation nor continuity nor differentiability. Each relevant symmetry corresponds to an axiom of quantification, and thes...

  17. Foundations of Mathematics

    OpenAIRE

    Chaitin, G. J.

    2002-01-01

    This article discusses what can be proved about the foundations of mathematics using the notions of algorithm and information. The first part is retrospective, and presents a beautiful antique, Godel's proof, the first modern incompleteness theorem, Turing's halting problem, and a piece of postmodern metamathematics, the halting probability Omega. The second part looks forward to the new century and discusses the convergence of theoretical physics and theoretical computer science and hopes fo...

  18. Fractal Topology Foundations

    OpenAIRE

    Porchon, Helene

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we introduce the foundation of a fractal topological space constructed via a family of nested topological spaces endowed with subspace topologies, where the number of topological spaces involved in this family is related to the appearance of new structures on it. The greater the number of topological spaces we use, the stronger the subspace topologies we obtain. The fractal manifold model is brought up as an illustration of space that is locally homeomorphic to the fractal topo...

  19. Wronski's Foundations of Mathematics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, Roi

    2016-09-01

    Argument This paper reconstructs Wronski's philosophical foundations of mathematics. It uses his critique of Lagrange's algebraic analysis as a vignette to introduce the problems that he raised, and argues that these problems have not been properly appreciated by his contemporaries and subsequent commentators. The paper goes on to reconstruct Wronski's mathematical law of creation and his notions of theory and techne, in order to put his objections to Lagrange in their philosophical context. Finally, Wronski's proof of his universal law (the expansion of a given function by any series of functions) is reviewed in terms of the above reconstruction. I argue that Wronski's philosophical approach poses an alternative to the views of his contemporary mainstream mathematicians, which brings up the contingency of their choices, and bridges the foundational concerns of early modernity with those of the twentieth-century foundations crisis. I also argue that Wronski's views may be useful to contemporary philosophy of mathematical practice, if they are read against their metaphysical grain. PMID:27573997

  20. Wronski's Foundations of Mathematics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, Roi

    2016-09-01

    Argument This paper reconstructs Wronski's philosophical foundations of mathematics. It uses his critique of Lagrange's algebraic analysis as a vignette to introduce the problems that he raised, and argues that these problems have not been properly appreciated by his contemporaries and subsequent commentators. The paper goes on to reconstruct Wronski's mathematical law of creation and his notions of theory and techne, in order to put his objections to Lagrange in their philosophical context. Finally, Wronski's proof of his universal law (the expansion of a given function by any series of functions) is reviewed in terms of the above reconstruction. I argue that Wronski's philosophical approach poses an alternative to the views of his contemporary mainstream mathematicians, which brings up the contingency of their choices, and bridges the foundational concerns of early modernity with those of the twentieth-century foundations crisis. I also argue that Wronski's views may be useful to contemporary philosophy of mathematical practice, if they are read against their metaphysical grain.

  1. Foundations of chaotic mixing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiggins, Stephen; Ottino, Julio M

    2004-05-15

    The simplest mixing problem corresponds to the mixing of a fluid with itself; this case provides a foundation on which the subject rests. The objective here is to study mixing independently of the mechanisms used to create the motion and review elements of theory focusing mostly on mathematical foundations and minimal models. The flows under consideration will be of two types: two-dimensional (2D) 'blinking flows', or three-dimensional (3D) duct flows. Given that mixing in continuous 3D duct flows depends critically on cross-sectional mixing, and that many microfluidic applications involve continuous flows, we focus on the essential aspects of mixing in 2D flows, as they provide a foundation from which to base our understanding of more complex cases. The baker's transformation is taken as the centrepiece for describing the dynamical systems framework. In particular, a hierarchy of characterizations of mixing exist, Bernoulli --> mixing --> ergodic, ordered according to the quality of mixing (the strongest first). Most importantly for the design process, we show how the so-called linked twist maps function as a minimal picture of mixing, provide a mathematical structure for understanding the type of 2D flows that arise in many micromixers already built, and give conditions guaranteeing the best quality mixing. Extensions of these concepts lead to first-principle-based designs without resorting to lengthy computations.

  2. Physicians and foundation hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, John; Black, Carol

    2003-01-01

    Foundation NHS Trusts will be constituted in the same way as Mutual Societies, and local people and patients will be invited to become subscribers. Subscribers will elect a board of governors who will appoint the non-executive directors of the Trusts. Foundation Trusts will be outside the performance management system, but will be subject to a regulator and to inspection. Contracts with commissioners will be legally enforceable. Issues discussed in the article include: financial borrowing; whether competition is being reintroduced; poaching staff; fears of a two-tier health service; fragmentation of the NHS; the impact on research and teaching; and the impact on the current 'target culture'. Local communities and patient groups may welcome involvement with their local hospitals, but special interest groups could be a danger. Foundation Trusts may bring back some of the better features of NHS Trusts as originally conceived, and offer better opportunities for clinicians to influence local policies and priorities. Fears of yet another organisational change are an important issue. Only time will tell whether the outcome will justify the effort the changes will involve. PMID:14703035

  3. A performance case study of energy pile foundation at Rosborg Gymnasium (Denmark)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pagola, Maria Alberdi; Jensen, Rasmus Lund; Poulsen, Søren Erbs

    2016-01-01

    The Rosborg Gymnasium building in Vejle (Denmark) is partially founded on 200 foundation pile heat exchangers (energy piles). The thermo-active foundation has supplemented the heating and free cooling needs of the building since 2011 (4,000 m2 living area). Operational data from the ground source...

  4. Scour around Offshore Windturbine Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Brian Juul; De Vos, Leen; Frigaard, Peter

    For the present report a testprogramme has been performed to determine the scour around offshore windturbine foundations.......For the present report a testprogramme has been performed to determine the scour around offshore windturbine foundations....

  5. Brain and Behavior Research Foundation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... View All > Donate DONATE TODAY! > The Brain & Behavior Research Foundation is committed to alleviating the suffering caused by ... in scientific research. Copyright © 2016 the brain & behavior research foundation Privacy Policy Legal Notices and Disclaimers

  6. Settlement Analysis of Saturated Tailings Dam Treated by CFG Pile Composite Foundation

    OpenAIRE

    Jinxing Lai; Houquan Liu; Junling Qiu; Jianxun Chen

    2016-01-01

    Cement fly ash gravel (CFG) pile composite foundation is an effective and economic foundation treatment approach, which is significant to building foundation, subgrade construction, and so forth. The present paper aims at investigating the settlement behaviors of saturated tailings dam soft ground under CFG pile composite foundation treatment, in which FEM and laboratory model test were utilized. The proposed findings demonstrate that CFG pile treatment is effective in reinforcing saturated t...

  7. 浅析预应力砼管桩在建筑基础中的应用优势%On the Application Advantages of Prestressed Concrete Pipe Pile in Buildings Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周付彬

    2016-01-01

    By comparing prestressed concrete pipe pile with other types from aspects of project cost, design and construction period, and through the market investigation and case analysis, it comes to the conclusion that the prestressed concrete pipe pile has applica-tion advantages in the high-level architecture foundation.%通过预应力混凝土管桩在工程造价、设计施工、施工工期等方面与其它桩型相比较,并通过市场调查和案例分析,得出预应力混凝土管桩在中高层建筑基础中的应用优势.

  8. American foundations : roles and contributions

    OpenAIRE

    Helmut K. Anheier; Hammack, David

    2010-01-01

    Foundations play an essential part in the philanthropic activity that defines so much of American life. No other nation provides its foundations with so much autonomy and freedom of action as does the United States. Liberated both from the daily discipline of the market and from direct control by government, American foundations understandably attract great attention. As David Hammack and Helmut Anheier note in this volume, "Americans have criticized foundations for... their alleged conservat...

  9. Wave Forces on Windturbine Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Brian Juul; Frigaard, Peter

    A testprogramme has been performed to determine the wave forces on two types of foundations for an offshore windturbine. the tested foundation types are a monopile and cone. Furthermore the shaft of the cone has been tested.......A testprogramme has been performed to determine the wave forces on two types of foundations for an offshore windturbine. the tested foundation types are a monopile and cone. Furthermore the shaft of the cone has been tested....

  10. Mathematical foundations of elasticity

    CERN Document Server

    Marsden, Jerrold E

    1994-01-01

    This advanced-level study approaches mathematical foundations of three-dimensional elasticity using modern differential geometry and functional analysis. It is directed to mathematicians, engineers and physicists who wish to see this classical subject in a modern setting with examples of newer mathematical contributions. Prerequisites include a solid background in advanced calculus and the basics of geometry and functional analysis.The first two chapters cover the background geometry ― developed as needed ― and use this discussion to obtain the basic results on kinematics and dynamics of con

  11. Foundations of Power

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lev, Amnon

    of state power. This sets the modern state apart from the societies of the Middle Ages in which civil authority was either seen to be founded in religion (Christian doctrine) or in custom (Roman law). In the age of the modern state, it is law, or rather, constitutional doctrine that serves as the medium...... legal thought arises out of the ruins of natural law and it argues that, even as 20th century legal thought has distanced itself from natural law, it has not ceased to return to its fundamental problem: the problem of the foundation of power....

  12. Instant Zurb Foundation 4

    CERN Document Server

    Arévalo, Jorge

    2013-01-01

    A quick and easy guide that follows a practical approach to rapidly create responsive web pages using Foundation 4 framework, following the mobile-first philosophy.If you are a web developer who wants to get the most out of your HTML5/CSS/JavaScript skills, this book is ideal for you. It is assumed that you will have some experience with these languages, but for those who don't, you can also be up and running in an instant.

  13. Foundations of Inference

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin H. Knuth

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available We present a simple and clear foundation for finite inference that unites and significantly extends the approaches of Kolmogorov and Cox. Our approach is based on quantifying lattices of logical statements in a way that satisfies general lattice symmetries. With other applications such as measure theory in mind, our derivations assume minimal symmetries, relying on neither negation nor continuity nor differentiability. Each relevant symmetry corresponds to an axiom of quantification, and these axioms are used to derive a unique set of quantifying rules that form the familiar probability calculus. We also derive a unique quantification of divergence, entropy and information.

  14. Problem solving in foundation engineering using foundationPro

    CERN Document Server

    Yamin, Mohammad

    2016-01-01

    This book is at once a supplement to traditional foundation engineering textbooks and an independent problem-solving learning tool. The book is written primarily for university students majoring in civil or construction engineering taking foundation analysis and design courses to encourage them to solve design problems. Its main aim is to stimulate problem solving capability and foster self-directed learning. It also explains the use of the foundationPro software, available at no cost, and includes a set of foundation engineering applications. Taking a unique approach, Dr. Yamin summarizes the general step-by-step procedure to solve various foundation engineering problems, illustrates traditional applications of these steps with longhand solutions, and presents the foundationPro solutions. The special structure of the book allows it to be used in undergraduate and graduate foundation design and analysis courses in civil and construction engineering. The book stands as valuable resource for students, faculty, ...

  15. Social-Economic Criteria about the Application of Shell Foundations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoermes González Haramboure

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available TaThis paper provide arguments about the relevance of research and application of shell foundations,from a literature review that sets the theoretical and practical development attained by Cuban civilengineering in this field. It identifies several Cuban buildings with great social and economic importance,where the use of shell foundations helped to reduce the construction cost, and construction difficultiesattributed to its execution were refuted. Are mentioned the main theoretical contributions and studiesthat established equations and calculation methods applied to shells for «tower» structures foundations.By comparison in terms of volumes of materials, costs, volumes of fuel consumed and CO2 emittedinto the atmosphere in cement production, this article concludes on economic and environmentaladvantages of implementing shell foundations with respect to traditional flat base foundations in elevatedtanks type «Güira» and chimneys for sugar industries.

  16. OLD WORKS OF ART AND FOUNDATION BUILDINGS IN BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA AFTER THE INVASION: THE NEWSPAPER VATAN SAMPLE İŞGAL SONRASI BOSNA-HERSEK’TE ESKİ ESER VE VAKIF ESERLERİ: VATAN GAZETESİ ÖRNEĞİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet EKİZ

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available It has been known that there have been lots of Turkish/Islamic works of art in the Balkans. This also includes Bosnia-Herzegovina, which is situated in the far-edge of the Balkans. The works of art which were built during Ottoman Era and protected with the help of the foundations all were left behind after the invasion (1878. Restorations of old works of art in the area which were damaged during wars was brought to agenda after the change in the strategies of Austria-Hungary in order to stay in the area by getting the support and the trust of the local people. The efforts that started 7-8 years after the invasion aimed to reveal the foundations and works of art belonging to them such as inn, hammams, bridge, mosque, school, fountain. It was also due to the struggles and efforts of the Bosnians and foundation trustees.This study offers a total evaluation of the news in the newspaper Vatan regarding the registration and the restoration of the foundations and old works of art after the invasion. The news about the foundation and the works reflected in the newspaper had vital role in molding public opinion and also forming a new contemporary understanding of the works. With the help of this study, the unknown texts on the newspaper will be brought to light and the conditions of some of the Turkish/Islamic works of art especially in Bosnia during nineteenth century will be revealed. Balkanlardaki Türk/İslam eserlerinin çokluğu bilinmektedir. Balkan coğrafyasının en uç noktasındaki Bosna-Hersek de bu kapsamdadır. Osmanlı döneminde inşa edilen ve vakıflar aracılığı ile korunan eserler, işgalden sonra (1878 kaderlerine terk edilmiştir. Avusturya-Macaristan’ın bölge ile ilgili stratejik planında yaptığı değişiklik ve bölgede daha güçlü bir zemine oturan bölgede kalma isteği, sonucu halkın güvenini ve belki de gönlünü kazanmayı ve bunu sağlamak içinde bölgede yer alan özellikle savaş sırasında harap olan

  17. Mathematical foundations of biomechanics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niederer, Peter F

    2010-01-01

    The aim of biomechanics is the analysis of the structure and function of humans, animals, and plants by means of the methods of mechanics. Its foundations are in particular embedded in mathematics, physics, and informatics. Due to the inherent multidisciplinary character deriving from its aim, biomechanics has numerous connections and overlapping areas with biology, biochemistry, physiology, and pathophysiology, along with clinical medicine, so its range is enormously wide. This treatise is mainly meant to serve as an introduction and overview for readers and students who intend to acquire a basic understanding of the mathematical principles and mechanics that constitute the foundation of biomechanics; accordingly, its contents are limited to basic theoretical principles of general validity and long-range significance. Selected examples are included that are representative for the problems treated in biomechanics. Although ultimate mathematical generality is not in the foreground, an attempt is made to derive the theory from basic principles. A concise and systematic formulation is thereby intended with the aim that the reader is provided with a working knowledge. It is assumed that he or she is familiar with the principles of calculus, vector analysis, and linear algebra. PMID:21303323

  18. Virtuous capital: what foundations can learn from venture capitalists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Letts, C W; Ryan, W; Grossman, A

    1997-01-01

    U.S. foundations and nonprofits work diligently on behalf of society's most needy and yet report that progress is slow and social problems persist. How can they learn to be more effective with their limited resources? Foundations should consider expanding their mission from investing only in program innovation to investing in the organizational needs of nonprofit organizations as well. Their overemphasis on program design has meant deteriorating organizational capacity at many nonprofits. If foundations are to help nonprofits be assured of making payroll, paying the rent, or buying a much-needed computer, they must develop hands-on partnering skills. Venture capital firms offer a helpful benchmark. In addition to putting up capital, they closely monitor the companies in which they have invested, provide management support and stay involved long enough to see the company become strong. If foundation officers familiarize themselves with such practices, they can begin to build organizational capacity in the nonprofit sector. Foundations can hire organizational experts to assist grantees; they can lengthen grant terms to allow nonprofits to build up organization strengths; and they can create new classes of grants that allow for organizational effectiveness. Nonprofits in turn should articulate their organizational needs when applying for grants; they should apply to foundations known for longer-term grants; and they should create plans that justify long-term support from foundations.

  19. Static Behaviour of Bucket Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Kim André

    as well as large-scale tests on bucket foundations subjected to low vertical load are performed during this work. Numerical simulations of the tests performed are carried out using the Mohr Coulomb material model and the commercial finite element code ABAQUS. Based on the present work, the finite element......One new foundation concept in relation to offshore wind turbines is bucket foundations. The concept is known from the oil and gas industry, though the load conditions here are significantly different. The bucket foundation can be used as monopod or e.g. tripod foundations for offshore wind turbines....... The monopod concept is investigated in this thesis, regarding the static behaviour from loads relevant to offshore wind turbines. The main issue in this concept is the rotational stiffness of the foundation and the combined capacity dominated by moments. The vertical bearing capacity of bucket foundations...

  20. Application of soil-nailing wall in foundation pit bracing of building No.18 for measurement and scientific experiment%土钉墙在18号计量科研实验楼基坑支护中应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王春山

    2012-01-01

    总结出土钉墙支护具有经济、安全、质量可靠等优点,通过分析18号计量科研实验楼基坑土钉支护的施工情况,进一步了解土钉墙支护的施工工艺,为土钉墙施工提供一定的参考价值。%This paper outlines advantages of soil-nailing wall bracing,such as economic,safe,and reliable quality and so on.Through analyzing the soil-nailing bracing condition of foundation pit of building No.18 for measurement and scientific experiment,it further knows the bracing technology of soil-nailing wall,which has provided certain valuable reference for the construction of soil-nailing wall.

  1. SELECTION OF PATTERN & DESIGN OF CONSTRUCTIONAL STAKES FOR SMALL SIZED MULTI-STORY BUILDING ON SOFT EARTH FOUNDATION%软土地基小高层建筑桩基的选型与设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    晋虹; 贾丽美

    2001-01-01

    根据上海市软土地基土层分布情况,对小高层建筑常用各种桩型的选用进行比较,对桩型、设计与施工提出了一些有益的建议。%Patterns of various normal constructional stakes have been compared in selection of the proper stake for construction of the small sized multiple story building in light of the actual distribution of the soft earth layers in Shanghai and some constructive suggestions accordingly put forward in pattern selection, design and construction work.

  2. 课改下如何构建高效的计算机应用基础课堂%How to Build an Efficient Computer Application Foundation Classroom under the Curriculum Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘坤

    2014-01-01

    Efficient classroom teaching has always been a goal pursued by the majority of teachers,its value is not only enable students to master basic computer knowledge, more important is the ability to develop students’applications and information literacy, to ensure that students get better development.Therefore,under the new curriculum reform,curriculum ideas should seriously be applied to all aspects of basic computer application class,lay a solid foundation for all-round development of students.%高效课堂一直都是广大教师所追求的一种教学目标,其价值不仅是要让学生掌握基本的计算机知识,更重要的是培养学生的应用能力和信息素养,以确保学生获得更好的发展。因此,在新课程改革下,教师要认真将课改理念应用到计算机应用基础课堂的各个环节,以为学生全面的发展打下坚实的基础。

  3. 俄语专业基础阶段实践课教学的问题与思考%Practical teaching problems and reflections in Russian language major during foundation-building stage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郁文静

    2015-01-01

    俄语专业基础阶段教学是高等学校俄语专业教学的重要环节。依据俄语实践课的教学实践,对目前俄语专业基础阶段教学现状及教学中出现的问题进行阐述和分析,从优化俄语教师的课堂主导作用、强化学生学习主体的能动作用出发,对教学中的问题进行思考,并探讨此阶段俄语教学改革的方法。%T he foundation‐building stage of the Russian language education is a critical phase for the Russian undergraduate programs .Based on the practice from teaching Russian ,this paper summarizes and analyzes the current situation and problems in the foundation‐building stage of the education of Russian language . To optimize the guiding effects of teachers in classrooms and to enforce the motivations of students as the learners ,this paper investigates the reform methodology for Russian education after considering the current problems .

  4. Scientific foundations of engineering

    CERN Document Server

    McKnight, Stephen

    2015-01-01

    Providing an overview of the foundations of engineering from a fundamental scientific and physical perspective, this book reinforces the basic scientific and mathematical principles which underpin a range of engineering disciplines and applications. It covers the basics of physics, including quantum physics, as well as some key topics in chemistry, making it a valuable resource for both students and professionals looking to gain a more coherent and interdisciplinary understanding of engineering systems. Throughout, the focus is on common features of physical systems (such as mechanical and electronic resonance), showing how the same underlying principles apply to different disciplines. Problems are provided at the end of each chapter including conceptual questions and examples to demonstrate the practical application of fundamental scientific principles. These include real-world examples, which are solvable using computational packages such as MATLAB.

  5. The foundation of physicianship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuks, Abraham; Brawer, James; Boudreau, J Donald

    2012-01-01

    Although the practice of medicine continually changes in response to new biomedical understanding, novel technologies, and evolving cultural contexts, the ethical foundations of the clinical relationship between patient and physician paradoxically remain constant. There are fundamental characteristics with respect to character, behavior, and responsibilities that are descriptive of and necessary to the role of healer and that underpin the notion of physicianship. This article discusses the underlying characteristics or virtues that are necessary to the practice of medicine from the perspectives of three different philosophic traditions: the Aristotelian idea of phronesis as developed in the work of Edmund Pellegrino; the notion of alterity as framed by Emmanuel Levinas; and the attributes necessary to healing as laid out in the kabbala.

  6. Foundations of Quantum Decoherence

    CERN Document Server

    Gamble, John

    2008-01-01

    The conventional interpretation of quantum mechanics, though it permits a correspondence to classical physics, leaves the exact mechanism of transition unclear. Though this was only of philosophical importance throughout the twentieth century, over the past decade new technological developments, such as quantum computing, require a more thorough understanding of not just the result of quantum emergence, but also its mechanism. Quantum decoherence theory is the model that developed out of necessity to deal with the quantum-classical transition explicitly, and without external observers. In this thesis, we present a self-contained and rigorously argued full derivation of the master equation for quantum Brownian motion, one of the key results in quantum decoherence theory. We accomplish this from a foundational perspective, only assuming a few basic axioms of quantum mechanics and deriving their consequences. We then consider a physical example of the master equation and show that quantum decoherence successfull...

  7. Foundations of signal processing

    CERN Document Server

    Vetterli, Martin; Goyal, Vivek K

    2014-01-01

    This comprehensive and engaging textbook introduces the basic principles and techniques of signal processing, from the fundamental ideas of signals and systems theory to real-world applications. Students are introduced to the powerful foundations of modern signal processing, including the basic geometry of Hilbert space, the mathematics of Fourier transforms, and essentials of sampling, interpolation, approximation and compression. The authors discuss real-world issues and hurdles to using these tools, and ways of adapting them to overcome problems of finiteness and localisation, the limitations of uncertainty and computational costs. Standard engineering notation is used throughout, making mathematical examples easy for students to follow, understand and apply. It includes over 150 homework problems and over 180 worked examples, specifically designed to test and expand students' understanding of the fundamentals of signal processing, and is accompanied by extensive online materials designed to aid learning, ...

  8. Radiation Effects Research Foundation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The last day of March 1978 marked the completion of the first 3 years of operation of the Radiation Effects Research Foundation in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. RERF was established on 1 April 1975 as successor to the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission which had been in continuous operation since 1947. This record of the first 3 years of operation consists of selected reports and other documents prepared in the course of conducting the business of RERF and includes a brief history, a late radiation effects that might be conducted at RERF. The wisdom and thought given to the research program and its operation by the Scientific Council and the Board of Directors is reflected in the minutes of their meetings which are included in the Appendix. (Mori, K.)

  9. Foundations of Geomagnetism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Andy

    The study of the magnetic field of the Earth, or geomagnetism, is one of the oldest lines of scientific enquiry. Indeed, it has often been said that William Gilbert's De Magnete, published in 1600 and predating Isaac Newton's Principia by 87 years, can claim to be the first true scientific textbook; his study was essentially the first of academic rather than practical interest.What then, we may ask, has been accomplished in the nearly 400 intervening years up to the publication of Foundations of Geomagnetism? In short, a wealth of observational evidence, considerable physical understanding, and a great deal of mathematical apparatus have accrued, placing the subject on a much surer footing.The latter two categories are described in considerable detail, and with attendant rigor, in this book. The sphericity of the Earth means that a frequent theme in the book is the solution of the partial differential equations of electrodynamics in a spherical geometry.

  10. 基坑开挖对坡顶建筑物沉降及稳定性影响%Effect of excavation of foundation pits on settlement and stability of buildings at top of slopes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈简; 邱子锋; 徐晓瑜

    2014-01-01

    某边坡顶部有一多层建筑物,建筑物距边坡坡肩边缘的最小距离为5.9 m,边坡采用“双排桩”支护,但其嵌固深度不足。由于坡脚开发住宅楼,平整场地,在距离既有边坡坡脚9 m处开挖地下室基坑(深度4 m),诱发了边坡滑动,导致建筑物变形。对建筑物进行变形观测,分析监测结果,得出了“建筑物发生显著不均匀沉降、倾斜率超过允许值,基坑开挖导致既有边坡产生了较明显的变形”的结论;采用双曲线法、指数曲线法和灰色理论等方法进行沉降预测,根据预测结果得出了“既有边坡需采取支护措施,否者会发生破坏”的结论;采用“排桩式锚杆挡墙”支护对既有边坡进行二次治理,根据坡体可能产生圆弧滑动或折线滑动模式,对其进行稳定性计算,以及支护结构的内力与变形计算,为既有边坡的治理方案提供了依据。%A multi-storey building is located at the top of a slope, and the minimum distance between the building and the slope is 5.9 m. The slope adopts double-row piles, but the embedded depth is deficient. Due to the need of construction of residential buildings, the pit excavation is done at the slope toe and obvious subsidence and deformation of building is caused. The monitoring results show that the building appears uneven subsidence, the tilt rate significantly exceeds the allowable values, and the slope has obvious deformation. The deformation and subsidence monitoring results are analyzed and predicted by using the grey theory method. According the forecast results, the supporting measures should be taken for the slope, otherwise sliding failure will happen. So, the pile-anchor retaining wall is taken to support the slope. Since a circular sliding or a fold line sliding is possible, both the circular sliding method and the fold line method are used to analyze the slope stability. The stability of pile

  11. Optimization Design Measures of the Supporting of Building Foundation Pit of Small Steel Structure%小面积钢结构建筑基础围护设计优化措施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨芳; 罗强

    2014-01-01

    This paper evaluated the common steel structure buildings on oilfields and put forward integrated construction technology and bridge packing treatment measures. They effe- ctively improved the utilization efficiency of the heating, ve- ntilation and air conditioning system and achieved goals of en- ergy-saving and consumption reduction of engineering.%本文对油田常见型钢结构建筑进行了设计评价,提出了整装建设、热桥填塞等处理措施,有效提高了采暖、通风和空调系统利用效率,实现了工程节能降耗的目标。

  12. The Role of Islamic Faith-Based Organization in Building Solidarity and Resilience among People of Different Faiths in Northeast Thailand: A Case Study of Foundation for Education and Development of Muslims in Northeast Thailand-FEDMIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mr.Imron Sohsan

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The purposes of this paper are to examine the role of FEDMIN in building solidarity and resilience between Muslims and Buddhists and to find a model of peaceful coexistence among people of different faiths in northeast Thailand called “Isan region”. The research area was focused on the peaceful coexistence between Muslims and Buddhist in particular in Ban Nong Muen Tao village, Mueang, Udon Thani province. The study found that there were four important roles of FEDMIN in building solidarity and resilience among people of different faiths. Firstly, demonstrating the real image of Islam and Muslims to the other people of different faiths through the FEDMIN leaders’ role and personality in practicing peaceful coexistence, FEDMIN’s Santhitham Wittaya School, Muslim village model, which were described as “an intellectual contribution of Muslim community for the public”, FEDMIN Muslim area as a field trip attraction to the Authorities. Secondly, encouraging Muslims and Buddhists to set up a suitable atmosphere of dialogue of action based on socially engaged Islam and Buddhism concept which was demonstrated by the faith-based community forum as “comfort space” in which a suitable atmosphere of dialogue of action can exist. Third, empowering religious institution to play a vital role in preaching the principles of peaceful coexistence to believers becoming citizen of the society through Islamic sermon- Khutbah, Islamic class, establishing Santhitham Wittaya school as a substantive contribution from Muslim community to the public, and Community Radio Station project as a positive media which supported to create an atmosphere of citizenship among people of different faiths in the village.

  13. Mastering Windows Server 2008 Networking Foundations

    CERN Document Server

    Minasi, Mark; Mueller, John Paul

    2011-01-01

    Find in-depth coverage of general networking concepts and basic instruction on Windows Server 2008 installation and management including active directory, DNS, Windows storage, and TCP/IP and IPv4 networking basics in Mastering Windows Server 2008 Networking Foundations. One of three new books by best-selling author Mark Minasi, this guide explains what servers do, how basic networking works (IP basics and DNS/WINS basics), and the fundamentals of the under-the-hood technologies that support staff must understand. Learn how to install Windows Server 2008 and build a simple network, security co

  14. Getting started with Zurb Foundation 4

    CERN Document Server

    Patterson, Andrew D

    2013-01-01

    The book starts with the basics of Foundation and helps you build your skills as you advance from installation to design, configuration, and customization with examples at every step.This book will be of great benefit to web architects, designers, and builders. While it helps to be a programmer, it isn't necessary for this book. You should be familiar with the basic principles of responsive web design and have a desire to create a professional website that looks great on both mobile devices and regular displays.

  15. Foundation GCSE mathematics for CCEA practice book

    CERN Document Server

    Liggett, Linda; Lambert, Elaine

    2013-01-01

    Help students build their confidence with hundreds of practice questions covering everything on the course, guiding them towards their target grades . This practice book offers complete support for the foundation tier of the CCEA GCSE Mathematices specification. It has been written to cover all the units of the specification and to accompany the endorsed textbook. It has been written by experienced teachers and examiners. - Enable students to practice and consolidate what they have learnt throughout the course with hundreds of questions. - Help develop students'skills and prepare them effectiv

  16. Foundations of linear and generalized linear models

    CERN Document Server

    Agresti, Alan

    2015-01-01

    A valuable overview of the most important ideas and results in statistical analysis Written by a highly-experienced author, Foundations of Linear and Generalized Linear Models is a clear and comprehensive guide to the key concepts and results of linear statistical models. The book presents a broad, in-depth overview of the most commonly used statistical models by discussing the theory underlying the models, R software applications, and examples with crafted models to elucidate key ideas and promote practical model building. The book begins by illustrating the fundamentals of linear models,

  17. Cold Climate Foundation Retrofit Energy Savings. The Simulated Energy and Experimental Hygrothermal Performance of Cold Climate Foundation Wall Insulation Retrofit Measures -- Phase I, Energy Simulation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goldberg, Louise F. [NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership, Minneapolis, MN (United States); Steigauf, Brianna [NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership, Minneapolis, MN (United States)

    2013-04-01

    A split simulation whole building energy / 3-dimensional earth contact model (termed the BUFETS/EnergyPlus Model or BEM) capable of modeling the full range of foundation systems found in the target retrofit housing stock has been extensively tested. These foundation systems that include abovegrade foundation walls, diabatic floors or slabs as well as lookout or walkout walls, currently cannot be modeled within BEopt.

  18. Cold Climate Foundation Retrofit Energy Savings: The Simulated Energy and Experimental Hygrothermal Performance of Cold Climate Foundation Wall Insulation Retrofit Measures -- Phase I, Energy Simulation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goldberg, L. F.; Steigauf, B.

    2013-04-01

    A split simulation whole building energy/3-dimensional earth contact model (termed the BUFETS/EnergyPlus Model or BEM) capable of modeling the full range of foundation systems found in the target retrofit housing stock has been extensively tested. These foundation systems that include abovegrade foundation walls, diabatic floors or slabs as well as lookout or walkout walls, currently cannot be modeled within BEopt.

  19. A study of changes in foundation insulation levels in the United States

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Christian, J.E. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Voss, M.K. [Saint Mary`s Coll., Winona, MN (United States)

    1992-10-01

    For almost 10 years the US Department of Energy (DOE) has sponsored a small research effort with. the objective of working with the building industry to see that cost-effective foundation insulation levels are installed in all US buildings. One of the first discoveries in 1983--1984 was that less than 5% of the existing buildings had foundation insulation and less than 30% of new construction included foundation insulation. After producing foundation handbooks, actively working with energy code and standards groups (ASHRAE and Council of American Building Officials: Model Energy Code Committee) conducting told experiments, and developing computer models for predicting energy savings has any measurable progress been made toward the fulfillment of this DOE objective? Also, in order to derive maximum energy savings impact for this ongoing research activity, market feedback of progress toward attainment of the objective is needed. Using the network of building experts available to the Building Thermal Envelope Systems and Materials program, a short mail survey was developed, administered, and results analyzed. This study concludes that foundation insulation usage on new residential buildings has increased from 1982 levels of around 25% to 1992 levels of around 50%. Government handbooks and recent changes in local enforced codes and standards are identified as major contributors to this improvement. Progress has been made but more is needed to capture the remaining 40% of the foundations that should be insulated. Several issues are reported as obstacles that need to be overcome to capture the remainder of the foundation market.

  20. A study of changes in foundation insulation levels in the United States

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Christian, J.E. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Voss, M.K. (Saint Mary' s Coll., Winona, MN (United States))

    1992-10-01

    For almost 10 years the US Department of Energy (DOE) has sponsored a small research effort with. the objective of working with the building industry to see that cost-effective foundation insulation levels are installed in all US buildings. One of the first discoveries in 1983--1984 was that less than 5% of the existing buildings had foundation insulation and less than 30% of new construction included foundation insulation. After producing foundation handbooks, actively working with energy code and standards groups (ASHRAE and Council of American Building Officials: Model Energy Code Committee) conducting told experiments, and developing computer models for predicting energy savings has any measurable progress been made toward the fulfillment of this DOE objective Also, in order to derive maximum energy savings impact for this ongoing research activity, market feedback of progress toward attainment of the objective is needed. Using the network of building experts available to the Building Thermal Envelope Systems and Materials program, a short mail survey was developed, administered, and results analyzed. This study concludes that foundation insulation usage on new residential buildings has increased from 1982 levels of around 25% to 1992 levels of around 50%. Government handbooks and recent changes in local enforced codes and standards are identified as major contributors to this improvement. Progress has been made but more is needed to capture the remaining 40% of the foundations that should be insulated. Several issues are reported as obstacles that need to be overcome to capture the remainder of the foundation market.

  1. Legitimacy Building of Hybrid Social Organizations:a Case Study of China’s One Foundation%混合社会组织合法性的获取:基于壹基金的案例研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘玉焕; 井润田; 卢芳妹

    2014-01-01

    “混合社会组织”作为一种新兴的组织形式创新地用商业化手段解决社会问题,逐渐在世界范围内兴起。然而,现有研究对于这种新的组织形式如何生存并获取合法性还缺少充分的关注。通过壹基金获取合法性的过程,我们首先刻画了规制、规范和认知三种合法性如何随着时间相互作用的动态机制。其次,我们归纳了制度行动者在不同的制度环境下而采取的各种合法化策略。本文报告了一个从下至上的民间组织、商业企业和政府共同参与的社会创新案例,为中国民间组织转型和创新提供了重要的实践启示。%The existence of hybrid organizations that incorporate elements from multiple institutional logics poses an effi-cient and sustainable way to solve social problems. However, we know relatively little about how this new type of organi-zational form secures legitimacy at the first place. We aim to fill this gap by providing an in-depth case study of a hybrid social organization-“One Foundation”. Based on the process of legitimating One Foundation, we first provide a dynamic framework of the interaction process among three kinds of legitimacy including regulative legitimacy, normative legitima-cy and cognitive legitimacy. Then we summarize different types of institutional work that actors adopt to strategically take advantage of external institutional environment and acquire legitimacy. Our paper makes some important theoretical and practical contributions by providing a bottom-up social innovation case in the Chinese context.

  2. The logical foundations of mathematics

    CERN Document Server

    Hatcher, William S

    1981-01-01

    The Logical Foundations of Mathematics offers a study of the foundations of mathematics, stressing comparisons between and critical analyses of the major non-constructive foundational systems. The position of constructivism within the spectrum of foundational philosophies is discussed, along with the exact relationship between topos theory and set theory.Comprised of eight chapters, this book begins with an introduction to first-order logic. In particular, two complete systems of axioms and rules for the first-order predicate calculus are given, one for efficiency in proving metatheorems, and

  3. Foundation Flash Catalyst

    CERN Document Server

    Goralski, Greg

    2010-01-01

    This book offers an introduction to Flash Catalyst for designers with intermediate to advanced skills. It discusses where Catalyst sits within the production process and how it communicates with other programs. It covers all of the features of the Flash Catalyst workspace, teaching you how to create designs from scratch, how to build application designs and add functionality, and how to master the Catalyst/Flex workflow. * Introduces Flash Catalyst * Focuses on production process * Covers the interrelation between Flash Catalyst and Photoshop/Illustrator/Flex/Flash What you'll learn Starting f

  4. Seismic soil structure interaction: a parametric study on shallow foundations

    OpenAIRE

    Escoffier, Sandra; Chazelas, Jean Louis

    2014-01-01

    Soil structure interaction, for case of a rectangular shallow foundation resting on dry sand, has been studied through seismic centrifuge tests. A parametric study has been performed on two buildings having the same fixed based frequency with a different total weight. The lighter building induced a bearing pressure of 100 kPa and the heavier a bearing pressure of 300 kPa. Their bearing capacity and safety factor were first determined through static tests. In a second stage a parametric study ...

  5. 江滨大厦续建工程桩基补强处理与加固%JiangBin Building reconstruction project pile foundation reinforcement and strengthening

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许春

    2012-01-01

    江滨大厦续建工程,由于上部建筑方案改变,整体计算结果表明续建后部分框架柱柱底内力大于原设计并已施工完成桩基竖向承载力。根据地质勘察资料和工程试验报告,本工程采取后注浆处理方法,改善桩端持力层岩土力学性能,提高单桩竖向极限承载力的同时满足设计要求。%For the architectural designing change of JiangBin Building,the calculation analysis of extending costruction project indicated the short of vertical capacity of some existed piles.According to the geological survey and engineering tested report,this project adopted post grounting to improve mechanical properties of soil layer in bearing stratum of pile tip.Besides satisfying the design requirement,it enhanced the ultimate vertical bearing capacity of a single pile.

  6. High Performance Slab-on-Grade Foundation Insulation Retrofits

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goldberg, Louise F. [NorthernSTAR, St. Paul, MN (United States); Mosiman, Garrett E. [NorthernSTAR, St. Paul, MN (United States)

    2015-09-01

    ?A more accurate assessment of SOG foundation insulation energy savings than traditionally possible is now feasible. This has been enabled by advances in whole building energy simulation with 3-dimensional foundation modelling integration at each time step together with an experimental measurement of the site energy savings of SOG foundation insulation. Ten SOG insulation strategies were evaluated on a test building to identify an optimum retrofit insulation strategy in a zone 6 climate (Minneapolis, MN). The optimum insulation strategy in terms of energy savings and cost effectiveness consisted of two components: (a) R-20 XPS insulation above grade, and, (b) R-20 insulation at grade (comprising an outer layer of R-10 insulation and an interior layer of R-12 poured polyurethane insulation) tapering to R-10 XPS insulation at half the below-grade wall height (the lower half of the stem wall was uninsulated). The optimum insulation strategy was applied to single and multi-family residential buildings in climate zone 4 - 7. The highest site energy savings of 5% was realized for a single family home in Duluth, MN, and the lowest savings of 1.4 % for a 4-unit townhouse in Richmond, VA. SOG foundation insulation retrofit simple paybacks ranged from 18 to 47 years. There are other benefits of SOG foundation insulation resulting from the increase in the slab surface temperatures. These include increased occupant thermal comfort, and a decrease in slab surface condensation particularly around the slab perimeter.

  7. Inter-Tribal Student Services (I.S.S.): Collaborative Action Education in Building and Guiding the Future Under-represented Geosciences Workforce Through Tribal Foundations, Mentorship and Professional Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolman, J.

    2015-12-01

    Inter-Tribal Student Services (I.S.S.) was created as an Indian Self-Determination Organization to meet the every growing Tribal and under-represented minorities (URM) geosciences workforce needs. I.S.S. is one of only a few Indian Self-Determined Organizations in the U.S. with a distinct focused on buidling the Tribal and URM geosciences and natural resources workforces. In past three years, I.S.S has worked in partnership with U.S. colleges/universities, state/federal agencies (Bureau of Indian Affairs), private and International organizations and most importantly U.S. Tribal Nations to ensure emerging high school students, undergraduates, graduate students and post doctorates have the opportunities for training in supportive and unique environments, navigational mentoring, and broad professional development to build and practice the skills required for blue-collar, scientific, and managerial positions. I.S.S. has been highly successful in filling workforce opportunities within the broad range of geosciences positions. I.S.S. students are proficient in understanding and maneuvering the complex landscapes of interdisciplinary research, multidisciplinary multi-partner projects, traditional/western philosophies as well as being highly proficient in all areas of problem solving and communications. Research and on-site projects have heightened the educational experiences of all participants, in addition to addressing a perplexing geosciences challenge grounded in a Tribal environment. A number of the I.S.S. participants and students have found geosciences positions in Tribes, state/federal agencies, enterprize as well as International organizations. I.S.S. practices and has infused all research and projects with intergenerational teaching/learning, participation solution-focused initiatives, and holistic/multicultural mentoring. The presentation will highlight the vision, design, implementation, outcomes and future directions of I.S.S and participants.

  8. High-Performance Slab-on-Grade Foundation Insulation Retrofits

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goldberg, Louise F. [NorthernSTAR, St. Paul, MN (United States); Mosiman, Garrett E. [NorthernSTAR, St. Paul, MN (United States)

    2015-09-01

    A more accurate assessment of slab-on-grade foundation insulation energy savings than traditionally possible is now feasible. This has been enabled by advances in whole building energy simulation with 3-dimensional foundation modelling integration at each time step together with an experimental measurement of the site energy savings of SOG foundation insulation. Ten SOG insulation strategies were evaluated on a test building to identify an optimum retrofit insulation strategy in a zone 6 climate (Minneapolis, MN). The optimum insulation strategy in terms of energy savings and cost effectiveness consisted of two components: (a) R-20 XPS insulation above grade, and, (b) R-20 insulation at grade (comprising an outer layer of R-10 insulation and an interior layer of R-12 poured polyurethane insulation) tapering to R-10 XPS insulation at half the below-grade wall height (the lower half of the stem wall was uninsulated).

  9. Corporate Ownership by Industrial Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Steen

    1999-01-01

    Industrial foundations are self-governing non profit institutions that own business companies. This ownership structure is found in a fair number of Northern European companies, some of them successful world class competitors. Standard agency theory would predict foundation-owned companies...

  10. Antithetic Foundations of Economics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marin Dinu

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at decrypting the manner in which the foundations of Economics as a science and the meanings of the relevant explanatory formulas are being shaped. My analytical endeavor focuses on understanding the peculiarities of what is referred to as the object of study of the science known as Economics, an academic synthesis of concept-related breakthroughs regarding economicity. The explicit purpose of this analysis is to identify perennial benchmarks in economic cognition whereby this ensures its consistency. The implicit purpose is to shape a cognitive model in line with the specifics of the conceptual universe of Economics, as well as with the sources of the economic realities that are subject to a sui-generis relativism. The primary benefit of this endeavor consists in systemizing the conceptual prospects with an antithetic nature that allow for the explanations of the state of economic rationality and generate the understanding of what the source of economicity is and how it behaves. As such, the conclusions are marked by the stringent need of more precisely defining economic knowledge in order to match the changing nature of economic reality, as an expression that embraces the meeting point of two ontological vistas that are methodologically separated by some theories: human nature and human condition. Economics as a science thus features, apart from a conceptual substrate that needs to be spotted, an ontological background that needs to be revealed. The role played by this background appears to be most frequently ignored. The joint identification of both direct and contextual determinants for a sensitive area of humankind, i.e. the economy, is a direction to be followed by the royal path of rational knowledge.

  11. Use of fly ash in road foundation beds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia Arango, I.; Hacar, F.

    1988-01-01

    Fly-ash can be successfully used in the foundation layers of roads. This article presents a complete study of the possible applications of this material and of its use in road-building, describing the planning, implementation, tests and conclusions.

  12. Studies of Expansive Learning: Foundations, Findings and Future Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engestrom, Yrjo; Sannino, Annalisa

    2010-01-01

    The paper examines studies based on the theory of expansive learning, formulated in 1987. In recent years the theory has been used in a wide variety of studies and interventions. The theory builds on foundational ideas put forward by Vygotsky, Leont'ev, Il'enkov, and Davydov, key figures in the Russian school of cultural-historical activity…

  13. Optimum design methodologies for pile foundations in London

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christos Letsios

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Given the importance of pile foundations in geotechnical engineering for supporting high-significance structures such as bridges, high-rise buildings, power plant stations, offshore platforms and museums, it becomes a necessity to find the best pile foundation design in terms of performance and economy. The number of piles required might exceed several hundreds or even thousands while the pile foundation cost might exceed 20% of the construction cost of the superstructure. In this work the problem of finding optimized designs of pile foundations is examined and is performed in accordance to two design code recommendations, namely Eurocode 7 and DIN 4014. The proposed structural optimization procedure is implemented in two real-world cases both located in London, UK in order to assess the efficiency of the proposed design formulation.

  14. 为何而教:体育教师专业道德建设的基础%Why to Teach: P.E.Teachers Professional Ethics Building Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张少伟

    2012-01-01

    在借鉴相关研究成果的基础上,认为体育教师专业道德建设的关键在于确立体育教师"为何而教"的理念。体育教师专业道德不仅仅是对于职业道德规范的超越,更是体育教师对于教师这一职业本质的理解。从教师专业发展的阶段上来看,体育教师专业道德建设在之前教育阶段主要表现为通过,接受师范类的教育,接受体育教师从事体育教学工作必备的运动技能和专业训练,以及养成对于教师"为何而教"专业道德理念的理解,在职后教育阶段主要是结合体育教师专业工作,践行体育教师"为何而教"专业道德理念。%Based on the academic references,the paper proposes that the key to build P.E.teacher's professional ethic is to set up the idea of why to teach for the P.E.teachers.The professional ethic of P.E.teachers is not only beyond the career moral standards,but only a comprehension to the career of teacher itself.From the development of teacher's career,P.E.teacher's professional ethic development is mainly reflected in the following steps.By accepting normal school education,they acquire the sports skills and professional training of P.E.course and understand the ethic of why to teach,and apply this ethic in their practical work.

  15. NEWS: Solid foundations?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-07-01

    Among the initiatives to be found at UK universities is a vocational award with the title `University Foundation Degree' at Nottingham Trent University. This qualification will be offered in 14 different subjects including four in the Faculty of Science and Mathematics, in the areas of applied biology, applied sciences, chemistry and physics. The courses will be available on a two-year full-time, three-year sandwich or a part-time basis. Set at a higher standard and specification than the Higher National Diplomas which it replaces, the UFD has been devised in consultation with industry and will cover the technical and specialist areas demanded by employers to combat skills shortages. The UFD in applied sciences concentrates on practical applications through laboratory, IT and project work, supported by lectures and seminars. At the end students can enter the employment market or transfer onto the second year of a degree course. Science-based careers including research and development would be the aim of those taking the UFD in physics. The first year develops the fundamentals of modern physics supported by studies in mathematics, IT and computer programming, whilst year 2 is vocational in nature with industrial problem solving and work experience as well as an academic theme associated with environmental aspects of the subject. Those who complete the UFD will be allowed automatic progression to a specified honours degree course and would normally be expected to study for a further two years for this award. However, those demonstrating an outstanding academic performance can transfer to the linked degree programme at the end of the first year via fast-track modules. Back in May the UK's Quality Assurance Agency (QAA) announced new standard benchmarks for degrees. These will be introduced into higher education institutions from 2002 to outline the knowledge, understanding and skills a student should gain from a particular higher education course. These benchmark

  16. Parametric analysis for translational-torsional coupling of a system of eccentric two-tier building and foundation interaction%地基土-两层偏心结构相互作用体系平扭耦联参数分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王美丽; 姜忻良

    2012-01-01

    为研究地基土-两层偏心结构相互作用体系的地震反应,对平扭耦联问题进行参数分析.利用拉格朗日能量法建立土-两层偏心结构相互作用体系平扭耦联运动方程,求得频域内解析解,编制MATLAB程序,确定影响两层偏心结构平扭耦联的主要参数,详细分析扭平频率比Ω、偏心率B、偏心楼层位置和地基土特性等参数对相互作用体系弹性地震反应的影响规律,以及对平扭耦联程度的影响状况,得到一些与刚基上偏心结构平扭耦联反应不同的参数影响规律,为工程计算和设计提供参考.%In order to study the earthquake response of a system of eccentric two-tier building and foundation interaction,parametric analysis for its translational-torsional coupled response was conducted here. Translational-torsional coupling vibration equations of a soil-asymmetric structure interaction system were established with Lagrangian energy method. The analytical solution in frequency domain was obtained and a MATLAB program was made. Then,the main parameters influencing the translational-torsional coupled response were determined and the influence law of torsional to translational frequency ratio Ω,eccentricity ratio B,the location of eccentric floor and the foundation soil properties on the elastic seismic response and the translational-torsional coupling level of the interaction system were thoroughly analyzed. Finally,some valuable conclusions different from those for the structure on rigid foundation were obtained,providing a reference for engineering calculation and design of structure.

  17. Design of the foundation components for the JT-60 tokamak machine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Design of the foundation components for the JT-60 tokamak machine is described, laying the emphasis on the structural and mechanical design. Foundation components are classified into four groups: central base, foundation base, support base of the vacuum vessel and star-shaped truss base. The former three are embedded in the first floor of the experimental building and the last in the wall of the building. Each foundation component is composed of the sole plates, the anchor bolts, the anchor plates and the anchor pipes. Foundation components support the weight of the machine and several kinds of the load acting on the machine such as the electromagnetic force, as well as provide the cardinal surface to assemble the machine with a high accurracy. Final design showed the structural integrity of all of the foundation components under the designed load conditions. (author)

  18. Psychological Foundations of Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王敏

    2016-01-01

    语言在我们的进化史中只是新近才出现的一种现象,而导致这惊人发展的力量是什么尚不清楚。我们知道部分原因是特化于语言功能的脑结构的演变。语言行为,和所有的行为一样,要通过脑结构的作用,但因为语言极其微妙并涉及多个方面,所以要在大脑中有一个特别复杂的表征。我们会看到,我们语言能力的各个方面,不是纯粹的抽象物,而是在闹中有独立的,能具体说明的表征。另外,语言的心理学基础研究会扩展我们对语言理解,语言产生和语言习得的讨论。这篇文章首先对语言的心理学基础做了一个简单的介绍使我们对为什么要做这个研究有一个清晰的观点。然后讨论了大脑机制和语言。不同的语言技能涉及脑的不同部位,遭受脑受伤的个体常常只是在语言的某些方面表现缺陷。接着描述了语言进程的侧化,对脑裂病人和正常人的研究表明,对大部分人来说,脑的左半球控制语言,特别是句法过程和语言产生,而右半球则是语用方面和语言理解。最后,对关于大脑的智力,性别和遗传因素和语言的关系做了简要的描述。%The emergence of language occurred only recently in our evolutionary history,and the set of forces that led to this extraordinary de-velopment is not yet clear.We do know that part of the story concerns the evolution of brain mechanisms specialized for language functions.Lan-guage behavior,like all behavior,is mediated by brain structures,but because language is extremely subtle and multifaceted,it has a particularly complex representation in the brain.We will learn that various aspects of our language capacity are not mere abstractions but rather have separate and specifiable representations in the brain.Moreover,the study of the psychological foundations of language extends our discussion of language comprehension,production and

  19. Findings from measurement of vertical displacement of V-1 nuclear power plant buildings in Jaslovske Bohunice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vertical displacements were measured of the foundations and of selected bearing structures of the V-1 nuclear power plant buildings during the plant's construction and operation. Measured were displacements of the engine room foundations, the reactor building, the boron management building, the turbogenerator building, the cooling towers, the ventilation stack, and the foundations of buildings showing adverse properties. Some results are presented. (E.J.). 4 figs., 2 refs

  20. Polish Foundation for Energy Efficiency

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-12-31

    The Polish Foundation for Energy Efficiency (FEWE) was established in Poland at the end of 1990. FEWE, as an independent and non-profit organization, has the following objectives: to strive towards an energy efficient national economy, and to show the way and methods by use of which energy efficiency can be increased. The activity of the Foundation covers the entire territory of Poland through three regional centers: in Warsaw, Katowice and Cracow. FEWE employs well-known and experienced specialists within thermal and power engineering, civil engineering, economy and applied sciences. The organizer of the Foundation has been Battelle Memorial Institute - Pacific Northwest Laboratories from the USA.

  1. A new building for testing magnets

    CERN Multimedia

    Corinne Pralavorio

    2016-01-01

    A ceremony to mark the laying of the foundation stone of Building 311, which will house a magnetic measurement laboratory, took place on 22 September.   Olaf Dunkel, head of the Building 311 project, José Miguel Jiménez, head of the Technology Department, and Lluis Miralles, head of the Site Management and Buildings Department, during the ceremony for the laying of the foundation stone of Building 311. Lluis Miralles, head of the Site Management and Buildings Department, José Miguel Jiménez, head of the Technology Department, Roberto Losito, head of the Engineering Department, and Simon Baird, head of the Occupational Health and Safety and Environmental Protection Unit, officially laid the foundation stone of Building 311 during a ceremony on Thursday, 22 September. Situated beside the water tower, the building will house a magnetic measurement laboratory for the Technology Department. With a floor space of around 1400 square metres, it will comprise a...

  2. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation ( RDF) ,founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools

  3. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation ( RDF) ,founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providin gquality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in

  4. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation ( RDF) ,founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in

  5. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation(RDF),founded in1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providingquality education for underprivileged rural children.RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in

  6. The Swiss National Science Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    @@ Introduction The Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) is Switzerland's leading provider of scientific research funding.The SNSF annually supports some 7200 researchers, almost 80 percent of whom are aged 35 years or younger.

  7. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation (RDF) ,founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in Andhra

  8. Kaiser Family Foundation - Content Search

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Chartpacks, chartbooks, factsheets, reports, and slide presentations bring Kaiser Family Foundation information to life, and can be easily incorporated into your...

  9. Foundation for Film and Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Veen, G.

    1976-01-01

    Provides a comprehensive discussion on the Stichting Film en Wetenschap, SFW (Foundation for Film and Science), in Utrecht. Various aspects of the use of audio-visual aids in university teaching are looked at in detail. (Editor/RK)

  10. Offshore Wind Turbine Foundation Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Passon, Patrik; Hvenekær Rasmussen, Jørgen

    continued into 2015 it is even more important to drive down the costs of energy for renewable energy sources such as offshore wind energy in order to arrive at a sustainable future on a global level.Cost of energy reductions for offshore wind turbines (OWTs) can be achieved by optimizations on different......-wave correlations are typically subjected to sequential load calculation approaches in an iterative and collaborative process between foundation designer and wind turbine manufacturer. Involvement of these different design parties may be motivated by various aspects such as introduction of state-of-the-art design...... in the specific context of OWTs and individual foundation type characteristics. For example, modelling and load calculation approaches for jacket type foundations of OWTs are often inherited from existing experiences of monopile type foundations or from their counterparts in the offshore oil & gas industry...

  11. Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... enabled to enjoy the full interactive experience. Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America Find a Doctor Find a ... Local Chapters News Events Search: What are Crohn's & Colitis? What is Crohn's Disease What is Ulcerative Colitis ...

  12. CERN's newest building

    CERN Multimedia

    Anaïs Vernède

    2011-01-01

    With a growing number of users looking for offices, the shortage of space has become acute, particularly for physicists. Building 42, inaugurated on Friday 11 February, offers almost 300 new work-spaces and a particularly pleasant working environment.   Mauro Dell’Ambrogio, the Swiss State Secretary for Education and Research (left), Rolf Heuer , CERN Director-General (centre), and Mark Muller, President of the Government of the Republic and Canton of Geneva and Head of the Department of Construction and Information Technology (right) at the opening of Building 42 on 11 February, 2011.   Construction work for the new Building 42 began in January 2009, thanks to support from the Swiss foundation FIPOI (Fondation des immeubles pour les organisations internationales). After two years of work, the building, an extension of Building 40, is ready to accommodate physicists from around the world who have come to work on the LHC. "We had more than 25 external contractors working...

  13. Experimental Research of Engine Foundations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Violeta-Elena Chiţan

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper tries a compact presentation of experimental research of engine-foundations. The dynamic phenomena are so complex, that the vibrations cannot be estimated in the design stage. The design engineer of an engine foundation must foresee through a dynamic analysis of the vibrations, those measures that lead to the avoidance or limiting of the bad effects caused by the vibrations.

  14. Foundations of genetic algorithms 1991

    CERN Document Server

    FOGA

    1991-01-01

    Foundations of Genetic Algorithms 1991 (FOGA 1) discusses the theoretical foundations of genetic algorithms (GA) and classifier systems.This book compiles research papers on selection and convergence, coding and representation, problem hardness, deception, classifier system design, variation and recombination, parallelization, and population divergence. Other topics include the non-uniform Walsh-schema transform; spurious correlations and premature convergence in genetic algorithms; and variable default hierarchy separation in a classifier system. The grammar-based genetic algorithm; condition

  15. Analysis of raft foundation design based on considering influence of superstructure stiffness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Bin; QIU Jianhui; ZHAO Dong; YANG Xi; DAI Shuai

    2009-01-01

    The finite element method was used for analysis of raft foundation design in high-rise building. Compared with other conventional methods, this method is more adapted to the practical condition since both superstructure stiffness and soil conditions were considered in calculation. The calculation results by example show that the base reaction is more uniform and the maximum reaction decreases obviously. Accordingly, the raft foundation design is more economic without any loss of security for high-rise building.

  16. Physical Foundations of Cosmology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stewart, J M [University of Cambridge (United Kingdom)

    2006-02-07

    In 1952, Mme Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat published a major paper, Theoreme d'existence pour certains systemes d'equations aux derivees partielles non lineaires (Acta Math. 88 141-225), which laid the foundation for modern studies of the Cauchy problem in general relativity. The fiftieth anniversary of this event was celebrated with an eponymous Cargese Summer School in 2002. The proceedings of that summer school are summarized electronically (as audio, video, transparencies and lecture notes, where available) on a DVD archive included with this volume, and are also available on the internet. However the organizers decided that a separate volume describing the 'state of the art in mathematical general relativity' would be useful, and this book is the result. It includes some material not covered in the school and excludes some school material which has been covered adequately elsewhere. About one fifth of the book is devoted to a survey of Smoothness at Null Infinity and the Structure of Initial Data by Helmut Friedrich. This is a modern study of gravitational radiation, and the analysis of Einstein's equations. It is extremely helpful to survey all of this material, including some of the latest developments, using a consistent notation. This article is strongly recommended to anyone hoping to gain a foothold in this area. Lars Andersson has surveyed, in The Global Existence Problem in General Relativity, some results and conjectures about the global properties of 3+1-dimensional spacetimes with a compact Cauchy surface. Again it is very useful to have essentially all of the known results presented in a consistent notation. This material is not on the DVD. Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat has contributed a long research paper, Future Complete U(1) Symmetric Einsteinian Spacetimes, the Unpolarized Case. There is a non-linear stability theorem due to her and Vincent Moncrief in which spacetime is of the form M x R where M is a circle bundle over a compact

  17. Physical Foundations of Cosmology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1952, Mme Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat published a major paper, Theoreme d'existence pour certains systemes d'equations aux derivees partielles non lineaires (Acta Math. 88 141-225), which laid the foundation for modern studies of the Cauchy problem in general relativity. The fiftieth anniversary of this event was celebrated with an eponymous Cargese Summer School in 2002. The proceedings of that summer school are summarized electronically (as audio, video, transparencies and lecture notes, where available) on a DVD archive included with this volume, and are also available on the internet. However the organizers decided that a separate volume describing the 'state of the art in mathematical general relativity' would be useful, and this book is the result. It includes some material not covered in the school and excludes some school material which has been covered adequately elsewhere. About one fifth of the book is devoted to a survey of Smoothness at Null Infinity and the Structure of Initial Data by Helmut Friedrich. This is a modern study of gravitational radiation, and the analysis of Einstein's equations. It is extremely helpful to survey all of this material, including some of the latest developments, using a consistent notation. This article is strongly recommended to anyone hoping to gain a foothold in this area. Lars Andersson has surveyed, in The Global Existence Problem in General Relativity, some results and conjectures about the global properties of 3+1-dimensional spacetimes with a compact Cauchy surface. Again it is very useful to have essentially all of the known results presented in a consistent notation. This material is not on the DVD. Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat has contributed a long research paper, Future Complete U(1) Symmetric Einsteinian Spacetimes, the Unpolarized Case. There is a non-linear stability theorem due to her and Vincent Moncrief in which spacetime is of the form M x R where M is a circle bundle over a compact orientable surface of genus

  18. Empirical Design of Scour Protections around Monopile Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    De Vos, L.; De Rouck, J.; Troch, P.;

    2012-01-01

    economical design is obtained. This paper describes the derivation of a dynamic design formula to calculate the required stone size for a scour protection around a monopile foundation in a combined wave and current climate. The formula is based on the results of an experimental model study, described in this......When building offshore wind turbines, a static scour protection is typically designed, allowing no movement of top layer stones under design conditions, leading to an often conservative design. Furthermore, little design guidelines exist for a scour protection around a monopile foundation under...

  19. Spreading Innovations into the Mainstream: Building Strong Foundations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehrmann, Stephen C.; Bishop, M. J.

    2016-01-01

    At the University System of Maryland (USM), researchers have taken a close look at a recent series of initiatives piloting course redesign (2006-2014). The courses targeted were multi-section developmental and gateway courses with a history of high DFW rates (i.e., a high rate of students receiving a D, fail, or withdraw). The strategy was to…

  20. Ukraine - Building Foundations for Sustainable Growth : A Country Economic Memorandum

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2004-01-01

    Favorable economic conditions offer a window of opportunity for the Ukrainian government External factors served as a catalyst for the economic turnaround but policies and reforms have also played a critical role. Nevertheless, the positive trends will weaken without vision at the top level of government. An "insider economy" threatens to become a primary obstacle to Ukraine's future devel...

  1. Baltic universities build on EuroFaculty's foundations / Gustav Kristensen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kristensen, Gustav

    2005-01-01

    Balti Nõukogu eestvedamisel EuroFaculty programmi raames on pärast taasiseseisvumist Balti riikide ülikoolides asutatud Euroteaduskondi. 13 aastat kestnud programmi eesmärgiks oli valmistada riike ette Euroopa Liiduga liitumiseks ja anda majandus-, poliitika- ja õigusalast haridus

  2. 1999 Annual Report to Shareholders: Building from a solid foundation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bonus Resource Services Corporation is the leading provider of service rigs to the Canadian oil and gas industry. The company is based in Calgary and is employing some 1,300 people. Of its 220 rigs 212 operate in Western Canada, the remaining eight are on location in Australia. The company's objective is to provide a complete range of services, including high quality people and equipment backed by a centralized in-house support team of full service safety, maintenance, certification and quality control programs. These factors, combined with the company's range of equipment and geographic diversity, uniquely position the company as a leader in its sphere of activity. Financial and operating highlights in 1999 included a decline of 32 per cent in administrative costs; debt restructuring to provide Bonus with a stable long-term capital structure and the financial flexibility to advance its business plan; and continued growth as shown by the acquisition of seven rigs in Drayton Valley, Alberta, despite low crude oil prices in 1998 and the first quarter in 1999 which impacted negatively in activity levels and revenues for the entire year. The annual report provides a detailed operational and strategic overview, full financial statements and notes, management's discussion of operating and financial performance and a five-year summary overall company performance

  3. Self-Determination Interventions: Building a Foundation for School Completion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eisenman, Laura T.

    2007-01-01

    This brief synthesis of theory, research, and practice examines the role of self-determination as a factor in school completion and considers the importance of teaching self-determination skills for all youth. Self-determination interventions can help students to develop the internal motivational architecture they need to achieve success in school…

  4. International Exchange: A Foundation for Theory Building in International Business

    OpenAIRE

    Brian Toyne

    1989-01-01

    There does not appear to be consensus concerning what is the conceptual domain of international business. This paper argues that this is due in part to an emphasis on the firm as the unit of analysis. It is further argued that a comprehensive, generative and theoretically integrative definition of international business could be established if exchange were made the unit of analysis. By using the political economy paradigm and the various concepts of exchange adopted by the social sciences, n...

  5. Expert Meeting Report: Foundations Research Results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ojczyk, C.; Huelman, P.; Carmody, J.

    2013-05-01

    In the Expert Meeting Plan, the NorthernSTAR Team proposed to host two Expert Meetings in calendar year 2011. Invitees to the meetings would include experts in the current field of study, other BA team members, and representatives from DOE and NREL. They will invite leading industry experts to present at these meetings. The Expert Meetings will focus on key systems areas that will be required to meet the Building America performance goals and shall be sufficiently narrow in scope that specific conclusions, action items, and delegation of future tasks can be identified and completed. The two expert meeting topics are 'Foundations' and 'Window Retrofit.' The first session is designed as a webinar only and the second will be a live meeting.

  6. Foundations of intervention research in instrumental practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johannes Lunde Hatfield

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The goals of the present study are to evaluate, implement, and adapt psychological skills used in the realm of sports into music performance. This research project also aims to build foundations on how to implement future interventions to guide music students on how to optimize practice toward performance. A two-month psychological skills intervention was provided to two students from the national music academy’s bachelor program in music performance to better understand how to adapt and construct psychological skills training programs for performing music students. The program evaluated multiple intervention tools including the use of questionnaires, performance profiling, iPads, electronic practice logs, recording the perceived value of individual and combined work, as well as the effectiveness of different communication forms. Perceived effects of the intervention were collected through semi-structured interviews, observations, and logs.

  7. Interactive data visualization foundations, techniques, and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Ward, Matthew; Keim, Daniel

    2010-01-01

    Visualization is the process of representing data, information, and knowledge in a visual form to support the tasks of exploration, confirmation, presentation, and understanding. This book is designed as a textbook for students, researchers, analysts, professionals, and designers of visualization techniques, tools, and systems. It covers the full spectrum of the field, including mathematical and analytical aspects, ranging from its foundations to human visual perception; from coded algorithms for different types of data, information and tasks to the design and evaluation of new visualization techniques. Sample programs are provided as starting points for building one's own visualization tools. Numerous data sets have been made available that highlight different application areas and allow readers to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of different visualization methods. Exercises, programming projects, and related readings are given for each chapter. The book concludes with an examination of several existin...

  8. Scour Development around Bucket Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stroescu, Ionut Emanuel; Frigaard, Peter Bak; Fejerskov, Morten

    2015-01-01

    The design without scour protection is a sensitive topic to most offshore developers, especially in the North Sea. However, newer research show that this concept is realistic if exists extended comprehension of the scour and backfill phenomena. The present paper shows comparative results for mono......The design without scour protection is a sensitive topic to most offshore developers, especially in the North Sea. However, newer research show that this concept is realistic if exists extended comprehension of the scour and backfill phenomena. The present paper shows comparative results...... for monopile and Bucket Foundation; using experimental analysis and real scour surveys around offshore installed Bucket Foundations. The main finding reflect that Bucket Foundation is a candidate for design without scour protection behaving like scour protected monopoles, in a variety of environmental...

  9. Macroelement modeling of shallow foundations

    CERN Document Server

    Chatzigogos, Charisis; Salençon, J

    2008-01-01

    The paper presents a new macroelement model for shallow foundations. The model is defined through a non-linear constitutive law written in terms of some generalized force and displacement parameters. The linear part of this constitutive law comes from the dynamic impedances of the foundation. The non-linear part comprises two mechanisms. One is due to the irreversible elastoplastic soil behavior: it is described with a bounding surface hypoplastic model, adapted for the description of the cyclic soil response. An original feature of the formulation is that the bounding surface is considered independently of the surface of ultimate loads of the system. The second mechanism is the detachment that can take place at the soil-footing interface (foundation uplift). It is totally reversible and non-dissipative and can thus be described by a phenomenological non-linear elastic model. The macroelement is qualitatively validated by application to soil-structure interaction analyses of simple real structures.

  10. Cause Analysis of Wuhan Tianheng Building Pile Accident

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The geological condition and the original structure feature and foundation design of Wuhan Tianheng building are described. The accident appearance of pile foundation in the construction execution of work is illustrated. The generating source of this pile foundation accident is analyzed in great details.``

  11. Seismic Soil-Foundation-Structure Interaction in Urban Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trombetta, Nicholas Wade

    The interactions between a structure, its foundation, and the surrounding soil during an earthquake are referred to as soil-foundation-structure interaction (SFSI). The interactions between multiple structures, and their foundations, through the surrounding soil are collectively known as structure-soil-structure interaction (SSSI). Modern design codes in use in the United States, and abroad, provide guidance for considering SFSI during the seismic design of structural systems. However, these same codes do not provide any guidance for considering SSSI. This situation is a direct result of the current paucity of research into the effects of SSSI on structural performance. This dissertation describes the results of four centrifuge experiments designed to study the influence of SSSI on the seismic performance of building-foundation systems. Following these experiments, numerical models were developed and their efficiency at reproducing measured response evaluated. The experimental program involved two pairs of tests. During Test-1 and Test-2, the SFSI and SSSI-influenced responses of two three-dimensional inelastic frame structures were recorded. During Test-3 and Test-4, the interactions between an inelastic frame structure and an elastic rocking wall arranged in a variety of orientations were recorded. In each of the pair of test series, one configuration was devoted to the evaluation of the response of the model frame structures far from any neighboring structure. Ultimately, the experimental results demonstrate that when structures are placed next to each other, the seismic demands in inelastic frame structures can increase. As such, seismic structural performance may be negatively impacted by SSSI. The tests reveal that footings of buildings placed nearest to other buildings can be physically restrained when loaded towards the other building -- a physical mechanism that had not previously been observed. This asymmetrical physical restraint resulted in a stiffened

  12. Characteristic Behavior of Bucket Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barari, Amin

    The world is currently facing serious problems brought about by oil dependence. Reducing oil consumption provides an opportunity to increase competitiveness, technological development, and progress. Wind energy is currently the most costcompetitive form of renewable energy, and there are strong...... the design of offshore wind turbine foundations. The work was divided into two main research efforts: geotechnical engineering experiments to gain insight into the behavior of offshore bucket foundations, and development of methods to improve the study of infiltration into unsaturated soils, an important...

  13. Professional Team Foundation Server 2012

    CERN Document Server

    Blankenship, Ed; Holliday, Grant; Keller, Brian

    2012-01-01

    A comprehensive guide to using Microsoft Team Foundation Server 2012 Team Foundation Server has become the leading Microsoft productivity tool for software management, and this book covers what developers need to know to use it effectively. Fully revised for the new features of TFS 2012, it provides developers and software project managers with step-by-step instructions and even assists those who are studying for the TFS 2012 certification exam. You'll find a broad overview of TFS, thorough coverage of core functions, a look at extensibility options, and more, written by Microsoft ins

  14. Physical foundations of technical acoustics

    CERN Document Server

    Malecki, I

    1969-01-01

    Physical Foundations of Technical Acoustics discusses theoretical foundations of acoustical engineering. It is not so much a technical compendium as a systematic statement of physical laws so conceived that technologists might find in it all the information they need to become acquainted with the physical meaning and mathematical expression of phenomena they encounter in their work. To facilitate the acquirement of notions, which lie beyond a layman's grasp, the plan of narration adopted consists in beginning with the simplest idealized cases and then gradually moving on to the truest possibl

  15. On the foundation of Mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Alonso-Blanco, Ricardo J

    2014-01-01

    This note is an extended version of "A note on the foundations of Mechanics", arXiv: 1404.1321 [math-ph]. A presentation of its contents was given in a talk in memorial homage to the professor Juan B. Sancho Guimer\\'a. For this reason, it was written in spanish language. The matter of the note is a systematic foundation of the most classical part of Mechanics. The content by sections is: 0)Notions and basic results, 1)Conservative systems 2) Time. Time constraints, 3) Proper time. Relativistic forces, 4)Electromagnetic fields, 5) On the Hamilton-Noether Principle, 6) Schr\\"odinger equation.

  16. ITIL Foundation exam study guide

    CERN Document Server

    Gallacher, Liz

    2012-01-01

    Everything you need to prepare for the ITIL exam The ITIL (Information Technology Infrastructure Library) exam is the ultimate certification for IT service management. This essential resource is a complete guide to preparing for the ITIL Foundation exam and includes everything you need for success. Organized around the ITIL Foundation syllabus, the study guide addresses the ITIL Service Lifecycles, the ITIL processes, roles, and functions, and also thoroughly explains how the Service Lifecycle provides effective and efficient IT services. Offers an introduction to IT service management and ITI

  17. Professional Team Foundation Server 2010

    CERN Document Server

    Blankenship, Ed; Holliday, Grant; Keller, Brian

    2011-01-01

    Authoritative guide to TFS 2010 from a dream team of Microsoft insiders and MVPs!Microsoft Visual Studio Team Foundation Server (TFS) has evolved until it is now an essential tool for Microsoft?s Application Lifestyle Management suite of productivity tools, enabling collaboration within and among software development teams. By 2011, TFS will replace Microsoft?s leading source control system, VisualSourceSafe, resulting in an even greater demand for information about it. Professional Team Foundation Server 2010, written by an accomplished team of Microsoft insiders and Microsoft MVPs, provides

  18. Bucket Foundation Response Under Various Displacement Rates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vaitkunaite, Evelina; Nielsen, Benjaminn Nordahl; Ibsen, Lars Bo

    2016-01-01

    The present testing program aims at showing the pore pressure response around a bucket foundation skirt as well as the load and displacement change due to ten different displacement rates. Research findings are useful for a numerical model calibration focusing on the design of the upwind foundation...... in a multi-bucket foundation system. The foundation model is at a scale of approximately 1:20 prototype foundation size. The tests are performed in a pressure tank with the foundation model installed in dense sand. Based on the data, the conclusion is that the bucket foundation design in a storm case should...

  19. Theoretical foundations for collaboration engineering

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolfschoten, G.L.

    2007-01-01

    Collaboration is often presented as the solution to numerous problems in business and society. However, collaboration is challenging, and collaboration support is not an off-the-shelf-product. This research offers theoretical foundations for Collaboration Engineering. Collaboration Engineering is an

  20. The Governance of Industrial Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Børsting, Christa; Kuhn, Johan; Poulsen, Thomas;

    We study turnover among executives and directors in companies owned by Danish industrial foundations, which are held to be long term owners. Executives are members of the management board (direktionen), whereas directors a members of the supervisiory board (bestyrelsen). As expected, we find...

  1. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation ( RDF) ,founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in Andhra Pradesh State,taking a unique holistic approach to education through innovative programs and methodology. Rather than

  2. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation (RDF) ,founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providingquality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in AndhraPradesh State,taking a unique holistic approach to education through innovative programs and methodology. Rather than using the con-

  3. Cushing's Support and Research Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... News in Southern California aired a segment on Cushing's Disease. VIEW THE VIDEO > Have You Had an EMS Experience for Adrenal Insufficiency? The CARES Foundation is looking for stories from patients who have had ... Spotlight Diagnosing Cushing's Webinar On May 7, 2016 Dr. James Findling ...

  4. Does Macroeconomics Need Microeconomic Foundations?

    OpenAIRE

    Da Silva, Sergio

    2009-01-01

    The author argues that it is microeconomics that needs foundations, not macroeconomics. Preferences need to be built on biology, and, in particular, on neuroscience. In contrast, macroeconomics could benefit from rationalizations of aggregate economic phenomena by non-equilibrium statistical physics.

  5. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation(RDF),founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children.RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in Andhra

  6. Foundations of Responsibility for Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dillen, Annemie

    2008-01-01

    Children's vulnerability asks for people taking up responsibility for children. In this contribution, three different ways of thinking on foundations of (ethical and spiritual) responsibility for children are discussed, namely, a liberalist, a social-constructivist and a naturalist paradigm. The author argues that cultural and natural elements are…

  7. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation ( RDF) ,founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providingquality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college inAndhra Pradesh State,

  8. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation(RDF),founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children.RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in Andhra Pradesh State,taking a unique holistic approach to education through innovative programs and methodology.Rather than using the

  9. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation(RDF),founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children.RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in Andhra Pradesh State,taking a unique holistic approach to education through innovative programs and methodology.Rather than using the con-

  10. Behavior Modeling -- Foundations and Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book constitutes revised selected papers from the six International Workshops on Behavior Modelling - Foundations and Applications, BM-FA, which took place annually between 2009 and 2014. The 9 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 58 papers...

  11. Team Foundation Server 2013 customization

    CERN Document Server

    Beeming, Gordon

    2014-01-01

    This book utilizes a tutorial based approach, focused on the practical customization of key features of the Team Foundation Server for collaborative enterprise software projects.This practical guide is intended for those who want to extend TFS. This book is for intermediate users who have an understanding of TFS, and basic coding skills will be required for the more complex customizations.

  12. Principles for Foundations of Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Britt, John

    The significance of the foundations of education approach to teaching is apparent in the ideas of John Henry Newman, Karl Jaspers, Jose Ortega y Gasset, and Mortimer Adler. Newman maintained that there is a circle of knowledge and once this unity is ignored the result is distortion in the learners and in the knowledge. To retain the whole, the…

  13. Settlement Analysis of Saturated Tailings Dam Treated by CFG Pile Composite Foundation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinxing Lai

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Cement fly ash gravel (CFG pile composite foundation is an effective and economic foundation treatment approach, which is significant to building foundation, subgrade construction, and so forth. The present paper aims at investigating the settlement behaviors of saturated tailings dam soft ground under CFG pile composite foundation treatment, in which FEM and laboratory model test were utilized. The proposed findings demonstrate that CFG pile treatment is effective in reinforcing saturated tailings dam and loading has little influence on settlement of soil between piles. The variation of soil between piles settlement in FEM has a good agreement with the laboratory model test. Additionally, the cushion deformation modulus has a small effect on the composite foundation settlement, although the cushion thickness will generate certain influence on the settlement distribution of the composite foundation.

  14. Emigration and the Foundation of West Germany, 1933-1963

    OpenAIRE

    Strote, Noah Benezra

    2011-01-01

    This dissertation traces the development of German national life from the disintegration of the Weimar Republic in 1933 to the end of the foundational period of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1963. Charting the alliances between previously hostile groups formed in emigration in response to National Socialism, I offer a way of understanding the ideological strength of reconstruction and nation-building after Hitler. The study covers four principal areas of activity: law and politics, human...

  15. Save Babies through Screening Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... break down a building block of protein (an amino acid) known as phenylalanine (Phe) because a specific enzyme is lacking or present in levels too low to be effective. When this amino acid builds up in the system it can cause ...

  16. Foundations of scientific research (Foundations of Research Activities)

    OpenAIRE

    Glazunov, N. M.

    2012-01-01

    During years 2008 to 2011 author gives several courses on Foundations of Scientific Research at Computer Science Faculty of the National Aviation University in Kiev. This text presents material to lectures of the courses. It consists of 18 sections and some ideas of the manual can be seen from their titles. These include: General notions about scientific research. Ontologies and upper ontologies. Ontologies of object domains. Examples of Research Activity. Some Notions of the Theory of Finite...

  17. Philosophical foundations of human rights

    CERN Document Server

    Liao, Matthew S

    2015-01-01

    What makes something a human right? What is the relationship between the moral foundations of human rights and human rights law? What are the difficulties of appealing to human rights? This book offers the first comprehensive survey of current thinking on the philosophical foundations of human rights. Divided into four parts, this book focusses firstly on the moral grounds of human rights, for example in our dignity, agency, interests or needs. 'Secondly, it looks at the implications that different moral perspectives on human rights bear for human rights law and politics. Thirdly, it discusses specific and topical human rights including freedom of expression and religion, security, health and more controversial rights such as a human right to subsistence. The final part discusses nuanced critical and reformative views on human rights from feminist, Kantian and relativist perspectives among others. The essays represent new and canonical research by leading scholars in the field. Each part is comprised of a set...

  18. Characteristic Behavior of Bucket Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barari, Amin

    The world is currently facing serious problems brought about by oil dependence. Reducing oil consumption provides an opportunity to increase competitiveness,technological development, and progress. Wind energy is currently the most cost-competitive form of renewable energy, and there are strong...... engineering experiments to gain insight into the behavior of offshore bucket foundations, and development of methods to improve the study of infiltration intounsaturated soils, an important problem in geo-environmental engineering. The outcomes of the research have the potential to directly or indirectly...... reduce the risks and costsrelated to offshore geotechnics. The thesis examines: 1.Characteristic Behavior of Bucket Foundations 2. Modeling of Water Flow through Porous Media The outcomes of each of the research contributions are summarized in four research articles, either directly or indirectly...

  19. Linear programming foundations and extensions

    CERN Document Server

    Vanderbei, Robert J

    2001-01-01

    Linear Programming: Foundations and Extensions is an introduction to the field of optimization. The book emphasizes constrained optimization, beginning with a substantial treatment of linear programming, and proceeding to convex analysis, network flows, integer programming, quadratic programming, and convex optimization. The book is carefully written. Specific examples and concrete algorithms precede more abstract topics. Topics are clearly developed with a large number of numerical examples worked out in detail. Moreover, Linear Programming: Foundations and Extensions underscores the purpose of optimization: to solve practical problems on a computer. Accordingly, the book is coordinated with free efficient C programs that implement the major algorithms studied: -The two-phase simplex method; -The primal-dual simplex method; -The path-following interior-point method; -The homogeneous self-dual methods. In addition, there are online JAVA applets that illustrate various pivot rules and variants of the simplex m...

  20. Cognitive Foundations for Visual Analytics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Greitzer, Frank L.; Noonan, Christine F.; Franklin, Lyndsey

    2011-02-25

    In this report, we provide an overview of scientific/technical literature on information visualization and VA. Topics discussed include an update and overview of the extensive literature search conducted for this study, the nature and purpose of the field, major research thrusts, and scientific foundations. We review methodologies for evaluating and measuring the impact of VA technologies as well as taxonomies that have been proposed for various purposes to support the VA community. A cognitive science perspective underlies each of these discussions.

  1. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation ( RDF) ,founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in Andhra Pradesh State,taking a unique holistic approach to education through innovative programs and methodology. Rather than using the conventional method of rote memorization,RDF focuses on cultivating critical thinking skills and

  2. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation(RDF),founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children.RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in Andhra Pradesh State,taking a unique holistic approach to education through innovative programs and methodology.Rather than using the conventional method of rote memorization,RDF focuses on cultivating critical thinking skills and encouraging students to understand and

  3. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation(RDF),founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children.RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in Andhra Pradesh State,taking a unique holistic approach to education through innovative programs and methodology.Rather than using the conventional method of rote memorization,RDF focuses on cultivating critical thinking skills and encouraging students to understand and

  4. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation ( RDF) ,founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in Andhra Pradesh State,taking a unique holistic approach to education through innovative programs and methodology. Rather than using the conventional method of rote memorization,RDF focuses on cultivating critical thinking skills and encouraging students to

  5. Analysis of pile foundations under dynamic loads

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A method is presented for the analysis of pile foundations which are subjected to horizontal dynamic loads from earthquakes, airplane impact, gas explosion or other sources. The motion of the pile cap and the pile forces are computed. - The loads may be applied to the pile cap or directly to the piles (e.g. by earthquake wave motion). The soil may be stratified and is considered to be an elastic or visco-elastic medium. The piles are assumed vertical. The method makes use of an approximate fundamental solution for displacements caused by a dynamic point load in a layered visco-elastic medium. The approximation involves a discretization of the medium in the vertical direction. In horizontal directions the medium is treated by continuum theory. The soil medium supports each pile at about 10 to 20 nodes. A dynamic flexiblity matrix for the soil is derived which relates the elastic, damping and inertial forces of the soil to the displacements at each node. It includes effects of radiation damping. All piles are coupled through the soil flexibility matrix. The piles are modelled by beam elements. Transient response is computed using fast discrete Fourier transforms. The arrangement of the piles is arbitrary. However, simple and double symmetry can be accounted for by the computer program. When the pile arrangement is axisymmetric, the degrees of freedom can be reduced to only those of two piles per ring. The influence of the number of piles and the influence of the pile spacing on group stiffness and on pile forces is presented for two soil profiles. Dynamic effects on pile forces of a foundation for a reactor building are studied. They are significant when soils are soft. (orig.)

  6. Vibration Response of Multi Storey Building Using Finite Element Modelling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chik, T. N. T.; Zakaria, M. F.; Remali, M. A.; Yusoff, N. A.

    2016-07-01

    Interaction between building, type of foundation and the geotechnical parameter of ground may trigger a significant effect on the building. In general, stiffer foundations resulted in higher natural frequencies of the building-soil system and higher input frequencies are often associated with other ground. Usually, vibrations transmitted to the buildings by ground borne are often noticeable and can be felt. It might affect the building and become worse if the vibration level is not controlled. UTHM building is prone to the ground borne vibration due to closed distance from the main road, and the construction activities adjacent to the buildings. This paper investigates the natural frequency and vibration mode of multi storey office building with the presence of foundation system and comparison between both systems. Finite element modelling (FEM) package software of LUSAS is used to perform the vibration analysis of the building. The building is modelled based on the original plan with the foundation system on the structure model. The FEM results indicated that the structure which modelled with rigid base have high natural frequency compare to the structure with foundation system. These maybe due to soil structure interaction and also the damping of the system which related to the amount of energy dissipated through the foundation soil. Thus, this paper suggested that modelling with soil is necessary to demonstrate the soil influence towards vibration response to the structure.

  7. Automated model building

    CERN Document Server

    Caferra, Ricardo; Peltier, Nicholas

    2004-01-01

    This is the first book on automated model building, a discipline of automated deduction that is of growing importance Although models and their construction are important per se, automated model building has appeared as a natural enrichment of automated deduction, especially in the attempt to capture the human way of reasoning The book provides an historical overview of the field of automated deduction, and presents the foundations of different existing approaches to model construction, in particular those developed by the authors Finite and infinite model building techniques are presented The main emphasis is on calculi-based methods, and relevant practical results are provided The book is of interest to researchers and graduate students in computer science, computational logic and artificial intelligence It can also be used as a textbook in advanced undergraduate courses

  8. Run-up on Offshore Windturbine Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    De Vos, Leen; Larsen, Brian Juul; Frigaard, Peter

    For the present report a testprogramme has been performed to determine the run-up on offshore windturbine foundations.......For the present report a testprogramme has been performed to determine the run-up on offshore windturbine foundations....

  9. Progeria Research Foundation Diagnostic Testing Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Testing The PRF Diagnostic Testing Program The Progeria Research Foundation, in association with a CLIA-approved diagnostics lab, ... please contact Dr. Leslie Gordon at The Progeria Research Foundation at info@progeriaresearch.org quick links Donate Now ...

  10. Founding a Foundation: A Mini Case Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lake, Dale B.

    1981-01-01

    Lists factors contributing to the need for increased fund raising in community colleges. Discusses advantages of a foundation as a means of obtaining private funds. Delineates specifics of establishing, organizing, and implementing the Kalamazoo Valley Community College Foundation. (DMM)

  11. Compressor Foundation Analysis Tool(COFANTO)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eijk, A.; Lentzen, S.S.K; Zuada Coelho, B.E.; Galanti, F.M.B.

    2012-01-01

    Reciprocating compressors are generally supported on a heavy concrete foundation. In spite of the large inertia and stiffness of the foundation, problems can occur due to interaction between the mechanical installation and the foundation. Two types of problems may occur. In the first type, the inter

  12. Philanthropy and Private Foundations: Expanding Revenue Sources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drummer, Carlee; Marshburn, Roxann

    2014-01-01

    As community colleges seek new revenue streams, philanthropic organizations, including college foundations and private funders, have already begun to influence both revenues and college programming. This chapter discusses the current role of philanthropy, especially private foundations such as the Lumina Foundation for Education and the Bill and…

  13. Crystal growth under bridge foundation

    OpenAIRE

    Ramon Tarragona, Anna; Alonso Pérez de Agreda, Eduardo

    2012-01-01

    W(H)YDOC PhD Prize 2012, durant el 4th International Workshop of Young Doctors in Geomechanics W(H)YDOC 2012. A high-speed railway viaduct experienced a sustained heave at high rates after its construction. The pillars of the bridge are founded on an Eocene hard anhydritic-gypsiferous claystone by means of massive foundations. Field investigations identified an active layer below the piles’ tips where expansions occur as a result of gypsum crystal growth in discontinuities from supersatura...

  14. Foundations of combinatorics with applications

    CERN Document Server

    Bender, Edward A

    2006-01-01

    This introduction to combinatorics, the foundation of the interaction between computer science and mathematics, is suitable for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students in engineering, science, and mathematics.The four-part treatment begins with a section on counting and listing that covers basic counting, functions, decision trees, and sieving methods. The following section addresses fundamental concepts in graph theory and a sampler of graph topics. The third part examines a variety of applications relevant to computer science and mathematics, including induction and recursion, sorti

  15. Quantum mechanics foundations and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Swanson, Donald Gary

    2006-01-01

    Progressing from the fundamentals of quantum mechanics (QM) to more complicated topics, Quantum Mechanics: Foundations and Applications provides advanced undergraduate and graduate students with a comprehensive examination of many applications that pertain to modern physics and engineering.Based on courses taught by the author, this textbook begins with an introductory chapter that reviews historical landmarks, discusses classical theory, and establishes a set of postulates. The next chapter demonstrates how to find the appropriate wave functions for a variety of physical systems in one dimens

  16. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation (RDF),founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in Andhra Pradesh State,taking a unique holistic approach to education through innovative programs and methodology. Rather than using the conventional method of rote memorization,RDF focuses on cultivating critical thinking skills and encouraging students to understand and apply concepts. RDF does this through special programs such as Social Awareness,Youth Empowerment,

  17. Foundations of cryptography a primer

    CERN Document Server

    Goldreich, Oded

    2014-01-01

    Foundations of Cryptography surveys the main paradigms, approaches and techniques used to conceptualize, define and provide solutions to natural cryptographic problems. The author starts by presenting some of the central tools; that is, computational difficulty (in the form of one-way functions), pseudorandomness, and zero-knowledge proofs. Based on these tools, the emphasis is shifted to the treatment of basic applications such as encryption and signature schemes as well as the design of general secure cryptographic protocols. The author has created a unique overview that includes well over 1

  18. Letter to European Science Foundation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Département de Linguistique AppliquéeEt de Didactique des languesDirecteur : Claude Springerhttp://dladl.u-strasbg.fr Dr. Rüdiger KleinEUROCORES Programme CoordinatorEuropean Science Foundation1, quai Lezay MarnésiaBP 90015F-67080 Strasbourg Cedex Strasbourg, le 22 mai 2006 Dear colleague, The Editorial Board of the journal ALSIC (Apprentissage des langues et système d’information et de communication which comprises 45 people from universities in 9 different countries was astonished to note...

  19. Foundations of wireless and electronics

    CERN Document Server

    Scroggie, M G

    1984-01-01

    Foundations of Wireless and Electronics, 10th Edition covers the cathode-ray and microwave tubes; modern pulse methods; f.m. detectors; basic processes of transmission; and reception, computers, and non-sinusoidal signal amplification. The book starts by giving a general overview of a complete electronic system, electricity and circuits, capacitance, and inductance. The text also discusses alternating currents (a.c.), including the frequency and phase of a.c.; the capacitance and inductance in a.c. circuits; and the capacitance and inductance in a series. Diodes, triode, transistor equivalent

  20. Foundational issues in evolution education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Mike U.; Siegel, Harvey; McInerney, Joseph D.

    1995-01-01

    There is a great need for effective evolution education. This paper reviews some of the evidence that demonstrates that need and analyzes some of the foundational semantic, epistemological, and philosophical issues involved. This analysis is used to provide a functional understanding of the distinction between science and non-science. Special emphasis is placed the scientific meaning of the terms theory, hypothesis, fact, proof, evidence, and truth, focusing on the difference between religious belief and acceptance of a scientific theory. Science is viewed as theologically neutral and as not mutually exclusive from religion. Finally, a number of practical recommendations to the classroom biology teacher are presented.

  1. Ensemble Methods Foundations and Algorithms

    CERN Document Server

    Zhou, Zhi-Hua

    2012-01-01

    An up-to-date, self-contained introduction to a state-of-the-art machine learning approach, Ensemble Methods: Foundations and Algorithms shows how these accurate methods are used in real-world tasks. It gives you the necessary groundwork to carry out further research in this evolving field. After presenting background and terminology, the book covers the main algorithms and theories, including Boosting, Bagging, Random Forest, averaging and voting schemes, the Stacking method, mixture of experts, and diversity measures. It also discusses multiclass extension, noise tolerance, error-ambiguity a

  2. The shifting foundations of nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Law, Kate; Aranda, Kay

    2010-08-01

    In this paper we argue that the concerns generated by the development of Foundation Degrees and the Assistant and Associate Practitioner roles have rekindled some of the unresolved debates regarding the status and identity of nursing and nurses. Through the application of the sociological theories of professionalisation and nostalgia we have identified the shifting and unresolved nature of nursing. We argue that these theories continue to have resonance in the current climate of change and 'upskilling' of the health care workforce and argue, that the shifts illuminated are perhaps so significant as to demonstrate that we have entered a post-nursing era.

  3. Electromagnetic foundations of electrical engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Faria, J A Brandao

    2008-01-01

    The applications of electromagnetic phenomena within electrical engineering have been evolving and progressing at a fast pace. In contrast, the underlying principles have been stable for a long time and are not expected to undergo any changes. It is these electromagnetic field fundamentals that are the subject of discussion in this book with an emphasis on basic principles, concepts and governing laws that apply across the electrical engineering discipline. Electromagnetic Foundations of Electrical Engineering begins with an explanation of Maxwell's equations, from which the fundament

  4. Space, points and mereology. On foundations of point-free Euclidean geometry

    OpenAIRE

    Gruszczyński, Rafał; Pietruszczak, Andrzej

    2009-01-01

    This article is devoted to the problem of ontological foundations of three-dimensional Euclidean geometry. Starting from Bertrand Russell’s intuitions concerning the sensual world we try to show that it is possible to build a foundation for pure geometry by means of the so called regions of space. It is not our intention to present mathematically developed theory, but rather demonstrate basic assumptions, tools and techniques that are used in construction of systems of point-free geometry and...

  5. Calculation of Temperature in Sliding Joint Designed as a Part of Foundation Structure

    OpenAIRE

    Cajka Radim; Matečková Pavlína; Fojtík Roman

    2014-01-01

    In case of expected horizontal deformation of subsoil or foundation structure it is possible to use rheological asphalt sliding joint to eliminate internal forces caused with friction. Material characteristics of asphalt are temperature sensitive. In science literature it is possible to find data with temperatures expected in footing bottom, however it was decided to complement this information with temperatures measured in-situ in foundation slab for super-computer building in campus of VŠB-...

  6. Technology Solutions Case Study: Innovative Retrofit Foundation Insulation Strategies, Minneapolis, Minnesota

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2015-07-01

    Basements in climates 6 & 7 can account for a fraction of a home's total heat loss when fully conditioned. These foundations are a source of moisture, with convection in open block cavities redistributing water from the wall base, usually when heating. Even when block cavities are capped, the cold foundation concrete can act as a moisture source for wood rim joist components that are in contact with the wall. As below-grade basements are increasingly retrofitted for habitable space, cold foundation walls pose increased challenges for moisture durability, energy use, and occupant comfort. To address this challenge, the NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership evaluated a retrofit insulation strategy for foundations that is designed for use with open-core concrete block foundation walls. The three main goals were to improve moisture control, improve occupant comfort, and reduce heat loss.

  7. Instability of Bucket Foundations during Installation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Søren; Andersen, Lars Vabbersgaard; Ibsen, Lars Bo

    The bucket foundation is an upcoming technology for offshore wind turbines. The bucket foundation is a large cylindrical monopod foundation constructed as a thin steel shell structure. A bucket foundation does not require heavy installation equipment since it is installed by suction forces. The...... combination of a thin shell structure and suction forces leads to the fact that instability, in form of buckling, becomes a crucial issue during installation. The hydrostatic buckling pressure of the bucket foundation is addressed using three-dimensional, non-linear finite element analysis. The results of the...

  8. Finite Volume Methods: Foundation and Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barth, Timothy; Ohlberger, Mario

    2003-01-01

    Finite volume methods are a class of discretization schemes that have proven highly successful in approximating the solution of a wide variety of conservation law systems. They are extensively used in fluid mechanics, porous media flow, meteorology, electromagnetics, models of biological processes, semi-conductor device simulation and many other engineering areas governed by conservative systems that can be written in integral control volume form. This article reviews elements of the foundation and analysis of modern finite volume methods. The primary advantages of these methods are numerical robustness through the obtention of discrete maximum (minimum) principles, applicability on very general unstructured meshes, and the intrinsic local conservation properties of the resulting schemes. Throughout this article, specific attention is given to scalar nonlinear hyperbolic conservation laws and the development of high order accurate schemes for discretizing them. A key tool in the design and analysis of finite volume schemes suitable for non-oscillatory discontinuity capturing is discrete maximum principle analysis. A number of building blocks used in the development of numerical schemes possessing local discrete maximum principles are reviewed in one and several space dimensions, e.g. monotone fluxes, E-fluxes, TVD discretization, non-oscillatory reconstruction, slope limiters, positive coefficient schemes, etc. When available, theoretical results concerning a priori and a posteriori error estimates are given. Further advanced topics are then considered such as high order time integration, discretization of diffusion terms and the extension to systems of nonlinear conservation laws.

  9. The International Foundation for Science (IFS)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The International Foundation for Science (IFS), supports young scientists of merit from developing countries. The focus is on the individual more than on the project, with the aim of building up local research capacities. The research must fall within one of the following areas: aquatic resources, animal production, crop science, forestry/agriculture, food science and natural products. Besides being from a developing country, the researcher must also carry out the research in a developing country. His/her institution is expected to provide salaries and basic research facilities. Research in the animal production area includes breeding, genetics and reproduction; health and disease; nutrition and development, production and conservation of feeds; animal traction and animal production systems. The project should be relevant to developing countries and research oriented, not only transfer of technology. All research proposals should aim at contributing to ecologically, socially and economically sustainable development. To date, IFS has supported some 2500 researchers in 93 countries, out of whom animal production grantees make up about 23%. Some 250 projects are ongoing at the moment on highly diverse subjects such as reproduction of timber elephants in Myanmar, feeding systems for pigs based on sugar cane juice in Colombia, development of a vaccine against a skin disease in camels in Kenya, etc. In addition to the research grants, IFS provides supporting services such as help to purchase equipment, travel grants to attend international meetings, organization of workshops and help with literature and scientific contacts

  10. Foundation Design for a High Bay Warehouse with a Steel Fibre Reinforced Concrete Slab

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kasper, T.; Sørensen, Carsten Steen; Nielsen, J. B.

    2008-01-01

    concrete slabs, while a 69 x 77 m and 40 cm thick steel fibre reinforced concrete (SFRC) slab forms the inner part of the foundation. Steel fibre reinforcement has been chosen mainly due to approximately 15 % lower construction costs than a comparable solution with conventional rebar reinforcement......The high bay warehouse at the Carlsberg brewery in Fredericia, Denmark, is 40 m high and is founded with a 83 x 116 m foundation slab on clay till and sand layers. Due to the wind loads on the tall building, the edges of the foundation require 80 cm and 60 cm thick conventionally reinforced...

  11. The parametric study of SSI analysis for large mat foundation structure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The developments of in-structure response spectrum (IRS) are major procedures of Generic Implementation Procedure (GIP) for the resolution of USI A-46. There are many factors influencing to IRS characteristics; especially the characteristics of surrounding soil of foundation affect the frequency and amplification IRS peaks. The most of soil-structure interaction (SSI) analyses for a large mat foundation such as base of the auxiliary building complex have been performed by simplified approaches, because of its complexity and huge computing cost. In this paper, the parametric study of SSI analysis about large mat foundation was performed. As a tool of SSI analyses, the program SASSI was used

  12. Stiffness Formulation of Flexible Bucket Foundation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ibsen, Lars Bo; Liingaard, Morten; Larsen, Kim André

    as a substructure with predetermined properties. The interaction between the foundation and structure is expressed purely in terms of force and moment resultants, and their conjugate displacements and rotations. The Macro Model modelling the Bucket Foundation is suitable for implementation in an......The response of offshore wind turbines e.g. static, eigen frequencies and eigen modes, are affected by elastic properties of the foundation and the subsoil. The Elastic Macro Model is developed to evaluate the soil-structure interaction of flexible bucket foundations for offshore wind turbines so...... that it can be properly included and analysed in a composite structure-foundation system. The typical approach for analysing the structure-foundation system is to use a finite-element method. Such an approach is, however, inefficient and time consuming. The Elastic Macro Model describes the foundation...

  13. Foundation game design with HTML5 and JavaScript

    CERN Document Server

    van der Spuy, Rex

    2012-01-01

    Foundation Game Design with HTML5 and JavaScript teaches you everything you need to know about how to make video games. If you've never done any programming before and don't know where to start, this book will show you how to make games from start to finish. You'll learn all the latest programming technologies (HTML5, CSS, and JavaScript) to create your games. All written in a fun and friendly style with open-ended projects that encourage you to build your own original games. Foundation Game Design with HTML5 and JavaScript starts by showing you how you can use basic programing to create logic

  14. Pro WPF 4.5 in C# Windows Presentation Foundation in .NET 4.5

    CERN Document Server

    MacDonald, Matthew

    2012-01-01

    Microsoft's Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) provides you with a development framework for building high-quality user experiences for the Windows operating system. It blends together rich content from a wide range of sources and allows you unparalleled access to the processing power of your Windows computer. Pro WPF 4.5 in C# provides a thorough, authoritative guide to how WPF really works. Packed with no-nonsense examples and practical advice you'll learn everything you need to know in order to use WPF in a professional setting. The book begins by building a firm foundation of elementary

  15. Teaching complicated conceptual knowledge with simulation videos in foundational electrical engineering courses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baiyun Chen

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Building a solid foundation of conceptual knowledge is critical for students in electrical engineering. This case study explores the use of simulation videos to illustrate complicated conceptual knowledge in foundational communications and signal processing courses. Students found these videos to be very useful for establishing concepts, understanding course content and increasing general knowledge in electrical engineering. We hope that the findings can help inform instructors of electrical engineering to transform their teaching practice and eventually benefit students through building a solid conceptual understanding that fosters the development of further engineering competencies.

  16. Building Regional Competencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Norus, Jesper

    2004-01-01

    a dominating position in the global marketfor industrial enzymes from 1870-2004. The case of industrial enzymes shows how aregion has been able to build sustainable competitive advantages from its distinctivecompetencies. This is done through a mixture of outsourcing and in sourcing ofcompetencies, knowledge......This paper analyzes the foundations of regional knowledge and its long-term impact onthe region's companies' and how a particular knowledge has developed an ability tostay competitive within a specific technological field. The case illustrates how theCopenhagen region has been able to develop...

  17. INL Green Building Strategy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jennifer Dalton

    2005-05-01

    Green buildings, also known as sustainable buildings, resource efficient buildings, and high performance buildings, are structures that minimize the impact on the environment by using less energy and water, reducing solid waste and pollutants, and limiting the depletion of natural resources. As Idaho National Laboratory (INL) becomes the nation’s premier nuclear energy research laboratory, the physical infrastructure will be established to help accomplish the mission. This infrastructure, particularly the buildings, should incorporate green design features in order to be environmentally responsible and reflect an image of progressiveness and innovation to the public and prospective employees. With this in mind, the recommendations described in this strategy are intended to form the INL foundation for green building standards. The recommendations in this strategy are broken down into three levels: Baseline Minimum, Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)Certification, and Innovative. Baseline Minimum features should be included in all new occupied buildings no matter what the purpose or size. These features do not require significant research, design, or capital costs and yet they can reduce Operation and Maintenance (O&M) costs and produce more environmentally friendly buildings. LEED Certification features are more aggressive than the Baseline Minimums in that they require documentation, studies, and/or additional funding. Combined with the Baseline Minimums, many of the features in this level will need to be implemented to achieve the goal of LEED certification. LEED Silver certification should be the minimum goal for all new buildings (including office buildings, laboratories, cafeterias, and visitor centers) greater than 25,000 square feet or a total cost of $10 million. Innovative features can also contribute to LEED certification, but are less mainstream than those listed in the previous two levels. These features are identified as areas where

  18. MATHEMATIC MODEЕLING OF NONLINEAR-INELASTIC BASE-FOUNDATION CONTACT PROBLEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TIMCHENKO R. O.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Raising of problem.Calculation of buildings, that isn’t carrying non-uniform deformation, is going to definition of foundation displacement and calculation of their elements hardness and sustainability. In that case we don’t pay attention on building and base cooperative deformations. Another view we can see in case of building calculation with hard geological conditions. Base of such buildings is uneven compressible soils or displacement carrying soil. Calculation of these constructions is impossible without building and base mutual influence consideration. One of the most important calculation parameters in cooperative deformation equations is base stiffness factor. Purpose. Purpose is to define peculiar properties of self-regulation foundation calculation in case of non-uniform base deformation by the variable base stiffness factor. Conclusion. Analysis of modern construction calculation methods with deformation soil properties demonstrated that variable base stiffness factor method employment is the most reasonable for solution of undermined base and foundation interaction problem. Besides, we need to take into account variable base stiffness factor decrease depended on relative horizontal extension deformation value. Nonlinear-inelastic soil diagram application for calculation of construction with hard geological conditions lead to main deformation 50% decrease compared with elastic calculation depended on “base – foundation – building” structure stiffness.

  19. Impact of shield tunneling on adjacent spread foundation on sandy cobble strata

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yong Fang; Jun Wang; Chuan He; Xiongyu Hu

    2014-01-01

    The section of shield tunnel of the Chengdu Metro line passes primarily through sandy cobble strata. There are many buildings with spread foundations along the lines. Shield tunnel construction will disturb the ground, causing displacement or stress to adjacent spread foundations. Based on the similarity theory, a laboratory model test of shield tunnel driving was carried out to study the influence of shield tunnel excavation on the displace-ment of adjacent spread foundation. The results show that foundation closer to the tunnel has greater displacement or settlement than that further away. The horizontal dis-placement is small and is influenced greatly by the cutting face. The displacement along the machine driving direction is bigger and is significantly affected by the thrust force. Settlement occurs primarily when shield machine passes close to the foundation and is the greatest at that time. Uneven settlement at the bottom of the spread foundation reaches a maximum after the excavation ends. In a numerical simulation, a particle flow model was con-structed to study the impact of shield tunnel excavation on the stresses in the ground. The model showed stress con-centration at the bottom of the spread foundation. With the increasing ground loss ratio, a loose area appears in the tunnel dome where the contact force dropped. Above the loose area, the contact force increases, forming an arch-shaped soil area which prevents the loose area from expanding to the ground surface. The excavation also changed the pressure distribution around spread foundation.

  20. Climate change loss and damage. Economic and legal foundations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This text works to establish essential foundations and guidelines in the current process of providing strategies, mechanisms and resources for mitigating loss and damage from the adverse impacts of climate change and climate variability. This builds on the groundwork done by the UNFCCC and other entities to facilitate the processes at the international level, pursuing a pragmatic approach and the objective specification of relevant frameworks for further actions. The primary goal is the development of integrated approaches to the assessment and reduction of loss and damage due to climate change (including climate variability), encompassing both economic and legal dimensions.

  1. Long-Term Ownership by Industrial Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Børsting, Christa Winther; Kuhn, Johan Moritz; Poulsen, Thomas;

    2016-01-01

    the hypothesis that time horizons are influenced by ownership structures and particularly that industrial foundations promote longtermism. Policymakers which are interested in promoting longtermism should allow and perhaps even encourage the creation of industrial foundations. More generally they should consider...... in Denmark. Industrial foundations are independent legal entities without owners or members typically with the dual objective of preserving the company and using excess profits for charity. We use a unique Danish data set to examine the governance of foundation-owned companies. We show that they are long......-term in several respects. Foundations hold on to their shares for longer. Foundation-owned companies replace managers less frequently. They have more conservative capital structures with less leverage. Their companies survive longer. Their business decisions appear to be more long term. This paper supports...

  2. The Heart and Stroke Foundation of Ontario

    OpenAIRE

    Graham, Anthony F.

    1987-01-01

    The Heart and Stroke Foundation of Ontario is a non-profit volunteer-driven organization that is active in supporting research and education programs with the ultimate goal of reducing death and disability from heart disease and stroke. The Foundation has over 65 chapters across the province, a full-time staff of 130, and over 70,000 volunteers involved in various programs and fund-raising activities. Several of the Foundation's programs offer direct assistance to family physicians and their ...

  3. Location of Historical Buildings (points) at Fort Davis National Historic Site, Texas

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — This is a point shapefile showing where historic buildings were located at Fort Davis National Historic Site. The remnants or foundations of these buildings where...

  4. Building America

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brad Oberg

    2010-12-31

    IBACOS researched the constructability and viability issues of using high performance windows as one component of a larger approach to building houses that achieve the Building America 70% energy savings target.

  5. Adaptive plasticity model for bucket foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ibsen, Lars Bo; Barari, Amin; Larsen, Kim A.

    2014-01-01

    Based on experimental investigations, the literature proposes different methods for modeling the behavior and capacity of foundations subjected to combined loading. Generally, two methods are used to predict the behavior of foundations: traditional approaches and hardening plasticity solutions....... The first method is only capable of determining the capacity of the foundations and not the prepeak behavior. Thus, a new strain-hardening criterion is developed by calibrating failure criteria by employing data from small-scale tests on bucket foundations subjected to static loads. The shape of the yield...

  6. Monopod Bucket Foundations Under Cyclic Lateral Loading

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foglia, Aligi; Ibsen, Lars Bo

    2016-01-01

    The monopod bucket foundation has the potential to become a cost-reducing substructure for offshore wind turbines. To avoid problems during the energy converter operation, the long-term effect of cyclic loading must be considered in the design of the foundation. In this paper, a 1-g testing rig...... is adopted to extend the knowledge of bucket foundations under lateral cyclic loading. The test setup is described, and a comprehensive experimental campaign is presented. The effect of some important system parameters on the long-term plastic rotation is analysed. Key aspects of the cyclic load behavior...... of bucket foundations are discussed....

  7. Solar building

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Luxin

    2014-01-01

    In my thesis I describe the utilization of solar energy and solar energy with building integration. In introduction it is also mentioned how the solar building works, trying to make more people understand and accept the solar building. The thesis introduces different types of solar heat collectors. I compared the difference two operation modes of solar water heating system and created examples of solar water system selection. I also introduced other solar building applications. It is conv...

  8. Foundations of semantic web technologies

    CERN Document Server

    Hitzler, Pascal; Rudolph, Sebastian

    2009-01-01

    The Quest for Semantics Building Models Calculating with Knowledge Exchanging Information Semanic Web Technologies RESOURCE DESCRIPTION LANGUAGE (RDF)Simple Ontologies in RDF and RDF SchemaIntroduction to RDF Syntax for RDF Advanced Features Simple Ontologies in RDF Schema Encoding of Special Data Structures An ExampleRDF Formal Semantics Why Semantics? Model-Theoretic Semantics for RDF(S) Syntactic Reasoning with Deduction Rules The Semantic Limits of RDF(S)WEB ONTOLOGY LANGUAGE (OWL) Ontologies in OWL OWL Syntax and Intuitive Semantics OWL Species The Forthcoming OWL 2 StandardOWL Formal Sem

  9. Relativistic navigation a theoretical foundation

    CERN Document Server

    Turyshev, S G

    1996-01-01

    We present a theoretical foundation for relativistic astronomical measurements in curved space-time. In particular, we discuss a new iterative approach for describing the dynamics of an astronomical N-body system. To do this, we generalize the Fock-Chandrasekhar method of the weak-field and slow-motion approximation (WFSMA) and develop a theory of relativistic reference frames (RF) for a gravitationally bounded many-extended-body problem. In any proper RF constructed in the immediate vicinity of an arbitrary body, the N-body solutions of the gravitational field equations are presented as a sum of the Riemann-flat inertial space-time, the gravitational field generated by the body itself, the unperturbed solutions for each body in the system transformed to the coordinates of this proper RF, and the gravitational interaction term. We develop the basic concept of a general theory of the celestial RFs applicable to a wide class of metric theories of gravity with an arbitrary model of matter distribution. We apply ...

  10. Considerations and foundations for Botnet simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stytz, Martin R.; Banks, Sheila B.

    2009-04-01

    "Botnets", or "bot armies", are large groups of remotely controlled malicious software. Bot armies pose one of the most serious security threats to all networks. Botnets, remotely controlled and operated by botmasters or botherders, can launch massive denial of service attacks, multiple penetration attacks, or any other malicious network activity on a massive scale. While bot army activity has, in the past, been limited to fraud, blackmail, and other forms of criminal activity, their potential for causing large-scale damage to the entire internet; for launching large-scale, coordinated attacks on government computers and networks; and for large-scale, coordinated data gathering from thousands of users and computers on any network has been underestimated. This paper will not discuss how to build bots but the threats they pose. In a "botnet" or "bot army", computers can be used to spread spam, launch denial-of-service attacks against Web sites, conduct fraudulent activities, and prevent authorized network traffic from traversing the network. In this paper, we examine the need for botnet defense training within existing simulation environments and present our suggestions for the capabilities needed for training systems for botnet activities. In this paper we discuss botnet technology and review the technologies that underlie this threat to network, information, and computer security. The second section contains background information about bot armies and key foundational bot technologies. The third section presents a discussion of the types of attacks that botnets can conduct, defenses against them and our suggestions for simulating botnet activities, including suggested message formats for distributing bot simulation commands and for distributing information needed to simulate both the effects of bot attacks and defensive responses to bot attacks. The fourth section contains a summary and suggestions for future research.

  11. Pharmacological foundations of cardio-oncology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minotti, Giorgio; Salvatorelli, Emanuela; Menna, Pierantonio

    2010-07-01

    Anthracyclines and many other antitumor drugs induce cardiotoxicity that occurs "on treatment" or long after completing chemotherapy. Dose reductions limit the incidence of early cardiac events but not that of delayed sequelae, possibly indicating that any dose level of antitumor drugs would prime the heart to damage from sequential stressors. Drugs targeted at tumor-specific moieties raised hope for improving the cardiovascular safety of antitumor therapies; unfortunately, however, many such drugs proved unable to spare the heart, aggravated cardiotoxicity induced by anthracyclines, or were safe in selected patients of clinical trials but not in the general population. Cardio-oncology is the discipline aimed at monitoring the cardiovascular safety of antitumor therapies. Although popularly perceived as a clinical discipline that brings oncologists and cardiologists working together, cardio-oncology is in fact a pharmacology-oriented translational discipline. The cardiovascular performance of survivors of cancer will only improve if clinicians joined pharmacologists in the search for new predictive models of cardiotoxicity or mechanistic approaches to explain how a given drug might switch from causing systolic failure to inducing ischemia. The lifetime risk of cardiotoxicity from antitumor drugs needs to be reconciled with the identification of long-lasting pharmacological signatures that overlap with comorbidities. Research on targeted drugs should be reshaped to appreciate that the terminal ballistics of new "magic bullets" might involve cardiomyocytes as innocent bystanders. Finally, the concepts of prevention and treatment need to be tailored to the notion that late-onset cardiotoxicity builds on early asymptomatic cardiotoxicity. The heart of cardio-oncology rests with such pharmacological foundations. PMID:20335321

  12. Foundations of Team and Cooperation Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru W. A. POPP

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The present study is concerned with a realistic framework and model that managers can employ in order to increase the synergy of their teams (i.e. increase the cooperation between the members of a group and to offer different devices for a proper team leadership. There are many elements that contribute to the profitability of a business and of a network, where the latter is dependent on the actions of actors involved in that specific network. This research focuses on the analysis of interactions between members forming different teams and between the teams themselves, as well as on the leader’s management of the teams, members of teams and environment. A detailed description and analysis of laws, thus, their meaning and modus operandi, is provided. Laws are obligations backed by incentives. In order to properly understand today’s business environment, a quick overview of supply chains is offered: there is no firm that is not using or not part of a supply chain. The responsibilities that a manager has towards his teams and members of the teams are also portrayed.The foundations of a mathematical (game theoretic framework for the coalitions (teams is presented in order to better understand the setting and also to build a model that can be used in different environments. An externality to which particular attention is given to is the deviation of teams’ members. Moreover, certain recommendations, along with the reasons and outcomes regarding the management and administration of everyone involved in teams, are also conferred.

  13. Building thermal envelope systems and materials (BTESM) progress report for DOE Office of Buildings Energy Research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burn, G. (comp.)

    1990-10-01

    The Monthly Report of the Building Thermal Envelope Systems and Materials (BTESM) Program is a monthly update of both in-house ORNL projects and subcontract activities in the research areas of building materials, wall systems, foundations, roofs, and building diagnostics. Presentations are not stand-alone paragraphs every month. Their principal values are the short-time lapse between accomplishment and reporting and their evolution over a period of several months.

  14. Liberating Foundations of Art and Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lerner, Fern

    2012-01-01

    Research concerning the basic course known as Foundations of Art and Design strengthens the pedagogical approach for K-16 art and design education. The version of Foundations introduced to America by Josef Albers, although hardly changed, is shown to have continued, timeless relevance. Next, a sequential, implicit logic is revealed in linking the…

  15. Scour and Scour Protection for Windturbine Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Brian Juul; Frigaard, Peter

    A test programme has been performed to determine the necessary scour protection around a various types of foundation for an offshore windturbine. Furthermore the unprotected scour depths have been investigated.......A test programme has been performed to determine the necessary scour protection around a various types of foundation for an offshore windturbine. Furthermore the unprotected scour depths have been investigated....

  16. Wave Forces on Offshore Windturbine Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Brian Juul; Frigaard, Peter

    The present report on the wave forces is the first report on the Borkum Riff project. A testprogramme has been performed to dertermine the wave forces on windturbine foundations.......The present report on the wave forces is the first report on the Borkum Riff project. A testprogramme has been performed to dertermine the wave forces on windturbine foundations....

  17. Scour and Scour Protection for Bucket Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Brian Juul; Frigaard, Peter

    A test programme has been performed to determine the scour around a bucket foundation for an offshore windturbine. furthermore the necessary scour protection has been investigated.......A test programme has been performed to determine the scour around a bucket foundation for an offshore windturbine. furthermore the necessary scour protection has been investigated....

  18. Prototype bucket foundation for wind turbines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ibsen, Lars Bo; Liingaard, Morten

    The first full scale prototype bucket foundation for wind turbines has been installed in October 2002 at Aalborg University offshore test facility in Frederikshavn, Denmark. The suction caisson and the wind turbine have been equipped with an online monitoring system, consisting of 15 accelerometers...... capable of simulating dynamic frequency dependent behaviour of the structure-foundation system....

  19. Density functional theory: Foundations reviewed

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kryachko, Eugene S., E-mail: eugene.kryachko@ulg.ac.be [Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kiev, 03680 (Ukraine); Ludeña, Eduardo V., E-mail: popluabe@yahoo.es [Centro de Química, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas, IVIC, Apartado 21827, Caracas 1020-A (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Prometheus Program, Senescyt (Ecuador); Grupo Ecuatoriano para el Estudio Experimental y Teórico de Nanosistemas, GETNano, USFQ, N104-E, Quito (Ecuador); Escuela Politécnica Superior del Litoral, ESPOL, Guayaquil (Ecuador)

    2014-11-10

    Guided by the above motto (quotation), we review a broad range of issues lying at the foundations of Density Functional Theory, DFT, a theory which is currently omnipresent in our everyday computational study of atoms and molecules, solids and nano-materials, and which lies at the heart of modern many-body computational technologies. The key goal is to demonstrate that there are definitely the ways to improve DFT. We start by considering DFT in the larger context provided by reduced density matrix theory (RDMT) and natural orbital functional theory (NOFT), and examine the implications that N-representability conditions on the second-order reduced density matrix (2-RDM) have not only on RDMT and NOFT but, also, by extension, on the functionals of DFT. This examination is timely in view of the fact that necessary and sufficient N-representability conditions on the 2-RDM have recently been attained. In the second place, we review some problems appearing in the original formulation of the first Hohenberg–Kohn theorem which is still a subject of some controversy. In this vein we recall Lieb’s comment on this proof and the extension to this proof given by Pino et al. (2009), and in this context examine the conditions that must be met in order that the one-to-one correspondence between ground-state densities and external potentials remains valid for finite subspaces (namely, the subspaces where all Kohn–Sham solutions are obtained in practical applications). We also consider the issue of whether the Kohn–Sham equations can be derived from basic principles or whether they are postulated. We examine this problem in relation to ab initio DFT. The possibility of postulating arbitrary Kohn–Sham-type equations, where the effective potential is by definition some arbitrary mixture of local and non-local terms, is discussed. We also deal with the issue of whether there exists a universal functional, or whether one should advocate instead the construction of problem

  20. Caring for America's Colleges and Universities: Stewardship Lessons from the Getty Foundation Campus Heritage Initiative

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melnick, Robert Z.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of the Getty Foundation's Campus Heritage Initiative was to assist colleges and universities in the United States in managing and preserving the integrity of their significant historic buildings, sites, and landscapes. The projects supported through this initiative focused on research and survey of historic resources, preparation of…

  1. Neoclassical and Institutional Economics as Foundations for Human Resource Development Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Greg G.; Holton, Elwood F., III

    2005-01-01

    In an effort to more comprehensively understand economics as a foundation of human resource development (HRD), this article reviews economic theories and models pertinent to HRD research and theory building. By examining neoclassical and neoinstitutional schools of contemporary economics, especially the screening model and the internal labor…

  2. Why Community Works: The Use of Alfred Adler's Individual Psychology as a Foundational Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glenn, Robert K.; Keith, Edwin M.

    2002-01-01

    Asserts that the Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler should be used as a foundational theory for student affairs work. The success of community building programs is explained and the concepts of Individual Psychology are summarized. Also asserts that the current drive to develop programs to develop community on college campuses is firmly rooted…

  3. Energy Foundation Schleswig-Holstein. Annual report 2000; Energiestiftung Schleswig-Holstein. Jahresbericht 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herbert, W.; Blechschmidt, K. (comps.)

    2001-07-01

    Content: Changing challenges for suppliers and customers; energy labels; investment for the future: heating by wood, power from sun, low energy consuming buildings; developments on energy efficiency and experts; who's who: colleagues and cooperators of the energy foundation.(GL)

  4. Housing development near a railway tunnel: Mitigating vibration and induced noise by tweaking foundation design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Galanti, F.M.B.; Koopman, A.

    2009-01-01

    Vibration insulation of buildings is often achieved by introducing springs in the foundation. It can be a very effective measure, especially against vibration induced noise, but also a very costly one. There is a need for less costly measures which, although less effective, may achieve the required

  5. CALCULATION OF FOUNDATIONS-COVERS FOR CONSTRUCTIONS OF TOWER TYPE ON THE IMPACT OF UNEVEN SUBSIDENCE OF BASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TIMCHENKO R. A.

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement. Among the constructions of the tower type there are the foundations are made as round or circular plate and a truncated conical coverleans on it being a continuation of kernel hardness. The round in plan and circular annular reinforced concrete foundations are mainly used in engineering structures, such as chimneys, silos, water towers, tanks. Buildings and structures built on the unfavorable areas are exposed with deformation influence from the foundation. The degree of weakening of the foundation depends on the size of the horizontal deformations and change of the structure and state of the soil. Purpose. Reduced the characteristics of weak bases are defined differently, depending on the nature, type and size of deformation. Not for all cases, there are specific recommendations as for their definition. The work of round, circular, polygonal shape of the foundation plates is not studied enough in these conditions and requires consideration. Conclusion. One of the actual problems of the foundation structures design is to define the limits of deformation effects for a certain type of foundation for a given force loading in hard soil conditions. This task can be solved with a gradual increase of deformation impacts on foundation (increasing of curvature, slope, subsidence, dimensions of the ledge, the diameter of the failures. Foundation structures should be designed with such dimensions that the ratio of the stiffness of the plate and the foundation will be conformed to the highest capacity of plate, then supporting capacity of the elements of the system are used most fully.

  6. Soil bentonite wall protects foundation from thrust faulting: analyses and experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fadaee, Meysam; Anastasopoulos, I.; Gazetas, G.; Jafari, M. K.; Kamalian, M.

    2013-09-01

    When seismic thrust faults emerge on the ground surface, they are particularly damaging to buildings, bridges and lifelines that lie on the rupture path. To protect a structure founded on a rigid raft, a thick diaphragm-type soil bentonite wall (SBW) is installed in front of and near the foundation, at sufficient depth to intercept the propagating fault rupture. Extensive numerical analyses, verified against reduced-scale (1 g) split box physical model tests, reveal that such a wall, thanks to its high deformability and low shear resistance, "absorbs" the compressive thrust of the fault and forces the rupture to deviate upwards along its length. As a consequence, the foundation is left essentially intact. The effectiveness of SBW is demonstrated to depend on the exact location of the emerging fault and the magnitude of the fault offset. When the latter is large, the unprotected foundation experiences intolerable rigid-body rotation even if the foundation structural distress is not substantial.

  7. Forward the Foundation: Local Education Foundations Offer an Alternative Source for School Funding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks-Young, Susan

    2007-01-01

    February's column "Going Corporate" discussed ideas for approaching private foundations for funding. Some districts take this idea several steps further by partnering with the community and local businesses to establish a not-for-profit foundation, or local education foundation (LEF). It probably comes as no surprise that the idea of forming a LEF…

  8. Monopod bucket foundations under cyclic lateral loading

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foglia, Aligi; Ibsen, Lars Bo

    The monopod bucket foundation can be a cost-reducing sub-structure for offshore wind turbines. To avoid problems during the turbine operation, the long-term effect of cyclic loading must be considered in the design of the foundation. In this paper a 1g testing rig is adopted to extend the knowledge...... on bucket foundations under lateral cyclic loading. The test setup is described in detail and a comprehensive experimental campaign is presented. The foundation is subjected to cyclic overturning moment, cyclic horizontal loading and constant vertical loading, acting on the same plane for thousands...... of cycles. Three buckets with different embedment ratios are tested. The data interpretation is focused on the long-term permanent rotation of the foundation and, particularly, on understanding how the controlling variables influence the potential for rotation accumulation. New and more general parameters...

  9. Foundational Tools for Petascale Computing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miller, Barton [Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)

    2014-05-19

    The Paradyn project has a history of developing algorithms, techniques, and software that push the cutting edge of tool technology for high-end computing systems. Under this funding, we are working on a three-year agenda to make substantial new advances in support of new and emerging Petascale systems. The overall goal for this work is to address the steady increase in complexity of these petascale systems. Our work covers two key areas: (1) The analysis, instrumentation and control of binary programs. Work in this area falls under the general framework of the Dyninst API tool kits. (2) Infrastructure for building tools and applications at extreme scale. Work in this area falls under the general framework of the MRNet scalability framework. Note that work done under this funding is closely related to work done under a contemporaneous grant, “High-Performance Energy Applications and Systems”, SC0004061/FG02-10ER25972, UW PRJ36WV.

  10. iOS 6 foundations

    CERN Document Server

    Feiler, Jesse

    2013-01-01

    A practical introduction for using iOS 6 to create universal apps If you have prior experience programming in an object-oriented language and are eager to start building universal apps for iPad and iPhone (including the iPod touch), then this is the book for you! Using the latest version of iOS (iOS 6) along with the latest version of Xcode (Xcode 4.5), this book is a practical introduction rather than just a catalog of components. Full-color and packed with groundbreaking, innovative designs, this book teaches you how to create eye-catching, unique apps. Teaches you the va

  11. Dampness in buildings and health

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf; Blomquist, G.; Gyntelberg, F.;

    2001-01-01

    in the epidemiological literature. A literature search identified 590 peer-reviewed articles of which 61 have been the foundation for this review. The review shows that "dampness" in buildings appears to increase the risk for health effects in the airways, such as cough, wheeze and asthma. Relative risks......Several epidemiological investigations concerning indoor environments have indicated that "dampness" in buildings is associated to health effects such as respiratory symptoms, asthma and allergy The aim of the present interdisciplinary review is to evaluate this association as shown...

  12. Numerical Modeling of the Lake Mary Road Bridge for Foundation Reuse Assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sitek, M. A. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Bojanowski, C. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Lottes, S. A. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)

    2015-04-01

    This project uses numerical techniques to assess the structural integrity and capacity of the bridge foundations and, as a result, reduces the risk associated with reusing the same foundation for a new superstructure. Nondestructive test methods of different types were used in combination with the numerical modeling and analysis. The onsite tests included visual inspection, tomography, ground penetrating radar, drilling boreholes and coreholes, and the laboratory tests on recovered samples. The results were utilized to identify the current geometry of the structure with foundation, including the hidden geometry of the abutments and piers, and soil and foundation material properties. This data was used to build the numerical models and run computational analyses on a high performance computer cluster to assess the structural integrity of the bridge and foundations including the suitability of the foundation for reuse with a new superstructure and traffic that will increase the load on the foundations. Computational analysis is more cost-effective and gives an advantage of getting more detailed knowledge about the structural response. It also enables to go beyond non-destructive testing and find the failure conditions without destroying the structure under consideration.

  13. Laboratory Building.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herrera, Joshua M. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2015-03-01

    This report is an analysis of the means of egress and life safety requirements for the laboratory building. The building is located at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) in Albuquerque, NM. The report includes a prescriptive-based analysis as well as a performance-based analysis. Following the analysis are appendices which contain maps of the laboratory building used throughout the analysis. The top of all the maps is assumed to be north.

  14. INL High Performance Building Strategy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jennifer D. Morton

    2010-02-01

    High performance buildings, also known as sustainable buildings and green buildings, are resource efficient structures that minimize the impact on the environment by using less energy and water, reduce solid waste and pollutants, and limit the depletion of natural resources while also providing a thermally and visually comfortable working environment that increases productivity for building occupants. As Idaho National Laboratory (INL) becomes the nation’s premier nuclear energy research laboratory, the physical infrastructure will be established to help accomplish this mission. This infrastructure, particularly the buildings, should incorporate high performance sustainable design features in order to be environmentally responsible and reflect an image of progressiveness and innovation to the public and prospective employees. Additionally, INL is a large consumer of energy that contributes to both carbon emissions and resource inefficiency. In the current climate of rising energy prices and political pressure for carbon reduction, this guide will help new construction project teams to design facilities that are sustainable and reduce energy costs, thereby reducing carbon emissions. With these concerns in mind, the recommendations described in the INL High Performance Building Strategy (previously called the INL Green Building Strategy) are intended to form the INL foundation for high performance building standards. This revised strategy incorporates the latest federal and DOE orders (Executive Order [EO] 13514, “Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance” [2009], EO 13423, “Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management” [2007], and DOE Order 430.2B, “Departmental Energy, Renewable Energy, and Transportation Management” [2008]), the latest guidelines, trends, and observations in high performance building construction, and the latest changes to the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design

  15. Advanced Laboratory Setup for Testing Offshore Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Søren Dam; Ibsen, Lars Bo; Nielsen, Benjaminn Nordahl

    2016-01-01

    This paper describes a test setup for testing small-scale offshore foundations under realistic conditions of high pore-water pressure and high impact loads. The actuator, used for loading has enough capacity to apply sufficient force and displacement to achieve both drained and undrained failure...... modes for small-scale offshore foundations. Results from trial tests on two small-scale bucket foundations, subjected to transient or cyclic loading, are presented. Tests showed that cavitation limits the undrained bearing capacity. Hence, a high pore-water pressure is important for simulating offshore...

  16. Foundations for a theory of gravitation theories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thorne, K. S.; Lee, D. L.; Lightman, A. P.

    1972-01-01

    A foundation is laid for future analyses of gravitation theories. This foundation is applicable to any theory formulated in terms of geometric objects defined on a 4-dimensional spacetime manifold. The foundation consists of (1) a glossary of fundamental concepts; (2) a theorem that delineates the overlap between Lagrangian-based theories and metric theories; (3) a conjecture (due to Schiff) that the Weak Equivalence Principle implies the Einstein Equivalence Principle; and (4) a plausibility argument supporting this conjecture for the special case of relativistic, Lagrangian-based theories.

  17. Soil-Structure Interaction in RC Frame Buildings from Strong-Motion Recordings

    OpenAIRE

    Genes, Mehmet Cemal; DOĞANAY, Ela; BİKÇE, Murat; KAÇIN, Selçuk

    2011-01-01

    In this study, Soil-structure interaction (SSI) of Reinforced Concrete (RC) buildings which are instrumented by building monitoring systems is detected and identified. SSI can have a major influence on the seismic response of buildings constructed on soft soils. The dominant frequency recorded for a building subjected to SSI is always smaller than the dominant frequencies of the fixed-based building, and of the foundation when no building is present. The identification of SSI refers to extrac...

  18. Astrophysics. An introduction into theory and foundations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The following topics are covered: general and physical foundations, star burning, Jeans instability, protostars, radiation transport, stellar energy sources, models for burning stars and compact objects, white dwarfs, neutron stars, pulsars and black holes, stability theory, collapsing objects

  19. Sartre: A Possible Foundation for Educational Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burstow, Bonnie

    1983-01-01

    The claim by Khemais Benhamida and others that Jean-Paul Sartre's philosophy is too hostile and restrictive to serve as the foundation of progressive educational theory is based on an incomplete understanding of the philosopher's work. (IS)

  20. Corporatism As A Totalitaristic Foundation And Practicism

    OpenAIRE

    Slobodan Lakic

    2012-01-01

    Based on the liberal concept of management and generating profit, capitalism disappeared from the world economic and political scene during the Great Economic Crisis. The expansion of mega corporations, primarily from the USA, was enabled by Anglo-Saxon fascist political-economic world order and state favoring - global control mechanism. The fascist order was in propulsion owing to a combination of leftist economic and political foundations and rightist oppressive practicism. As a foundation ...

  1. Nordic Corporate Governance and Industrial Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Steen

    The Nordic countries have attracted considerable attention in recent years as a benchmark for good governance. However, while the political governance characteristics of the Nordic model – particularly the welfare state - are well understood, its corporate governance characteristics remain elusive...... to the international audience. This paper therefore reviews the Nordic corporate governance model with special emphasis on a unique ownership structure, industrial foundations (foundations that own business companies). Rather than a meticulous description of details it emphasizes the Nordic model as a mode...

  2. Transforming a foundation into a cooperative

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Ramón Manzano Malaxechevarría

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The author charts a path between entities that meet needs in the general interest such as foundations and others which are neither entities of general interest nor have purely mercantile legal personality such as cooperatives. Transforming a foundation into a cooperative calls for a broad interpretation of the principle of free will that the legislation wishes to foster.Received: 12.02.2013Accepted: 20.04.2013

  3. CENTRIFUGAL VIBRATION TEST OF RC PILE FOUNDATION

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higuchi, Shunichi; Tsutsumiuchi, Takahiro; Otsuka, Rinna; Ito, Koji; Ejiri, Joji

    It is necessary that nonlinear responses of structures are clarified by soil-structure interaction analysis for the purpose of evaluating the seismic performances of underground structure or foundation structure. In this research, centrifuge shake table tests of reinforced concrete pile foundation installed in the liquefied ground were conducted. Then, finite element analyses for the tests were conducted to confirm an applicability of the analytical method by comparing the experimental results and analytical results.

  4. Foundations of microprogramming architecture, software and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Agrawala, Ashok K

    1976-01-01

    Foundations of Microprogramming: Architecture, Software, and Applications discusses the foundations and trends in microprogramming, focusing on the architectural, software, and application aspects of microprogramming. The book reviews microprocessors, microprogramming concepts, and characteristics, as well as the architectural features in microprogrammed computers. The text explains support software and the different hierarchies or levels of languages. These include assembler languages which are mnemonic or symbolic representation of machine commands; the procedure oriented machine-dependent;

  5. Effects of the Length of Jet Grouted Columns and Soil Profile on the Settlement of Shallow Foundations

    OpenAIRE

    Zaheer Ahmed Almani; Ashfaque Ahmed Memon; Naeem Aziz Memon

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, the effect of length of jet grouted columns and varying soil profile under shallow foundations of buildings constructed on the liquefiable ground was studied. The isolated shallow footing pad which supports a typical simple frame structure was constructed on the liquefiable ground. This ground was reinforced with jet grouted column rows under the shallow foundations of structure. The system was modeled as plane-strain using the FLAC 2D (Fast Lagrangian Analysis of C...

  6. Building National Innovation Platform in China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Jizhen; Deng, Quwen; Sørensen, Olav Jull

    2011-01-01

    The focus of the article is the "national innovation platform" that are being build in China to enhance interaction between stakeholders and encourage knowledge flows. The textile industry is used as an example to discuss suitablity and lay a foundation for theoretical reflections of the new init...

  7. 75 FR 45600 - African Development Foundation, Board of Directors Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-03

    ...; ] AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION African Development Foundation, Board of Directors Meeting Time: Tuesday, August 17, 2010, 8:30 a.m. to 1 p.m. Place: African Development Foundation, Conference Room, 1400...

  8. 75 FR 2844 - African Development Foundation, Board of Directors Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-19

    ...; ] AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION African Development Foundation, Board of Directors Meeting Time: Tuesday, January 26, 2010, 8:30 a.m. to 1 p.m. Place: African Development Foundation, Conference Room, 1400...

  9. 75 FR 14418 - African Development Foundation, Board of Directors Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-25

    ...; ] AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION African Development Foundation, Board of Directors Meeting Time: Tuesday, April 13, 2010, 9:30 a.m. to 1 p.m. Place: African Development Foundation, Conference Room, 1400...

  10. Beyond food: a foundation species facilitates its own predator

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Agüera, A.; van de Koppel, J.; Jansen, J.M.; Smaal, A.C.; Bouma , T.J.

    2015-01-01

    Facilitation by foundation species can play a critical role in structuring ecological communities. As environmental stress increases, generally more organisms become dependent on the stress buffering provided by foundation species. As such, foundation species may even facilitate their own predators,

  11. Optimization of control of network with inverse method of deep foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢鸣; 姜庆远; 谢爽

    2002-01-01

    Following the theory of CPM/PERT, and using the inverse method of deep foundation in tall buildings, how to control a project with network and how to optimize this network by computer are discussed, and by comparing and analyzing the working schemes and taking into account time and economy, "the means of the lowest cost accelerating(MLCA)" is used to make optimal computation for critical paths and take into consideration the influence of cold weather on construction and foundation treatment etc, so that the best work can be done at the lowest cost.

  12. Pro WPF in C# 2010 Windows Presentation Foundation in NET 40

    CERN Document Server

    MacDonald, Matthew

    2010-01-01

    Microsoft's Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) provides the foundation for building applications and high-quality user experiences for the Windows operating system. It blends the application user interface, documents, and media content, while exploiting the full power of your computer's operating system. Its functionality extends to the support for Tablet PCs and other forms of input device, and it provides a more modern imaging and printing pipeline, accessibility and UI automation infrastructure, data-driven UIs and visualization, and integration points for weaving the application experie

  13. Three-dimensional stability analysis of the dam foundation at Baise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Qianjun; LI Xu; CHEN Zuyu

    2007-01-01

    It is usually difficult to determine the actual safety factors of rock masses in an ordinary two-dimensional stability analysis if the safety factors of the different cross sections in the rock mass vary significantly. In addition to the actual slope, arch dam abutment, and the actual foundation of a high building, another example is that the different cross sections of the foundation in the monolith of a gravity dam vary significantly, just like the condition at the overflow dam in the Baise project. A three-dimensional stability analysis method based on the upper-bound theorem was employed to solve this problem. The parameters used in the analysis were obtained from geomechanics tests, as well as continuity simu- lations of the randomly distributed joints. Two failure patterns against sliding are analyzed. One pattern is the foundation slide along deep-seated planes which were determined by cal- culations. The other pattern is the foundation slide along the planes across the bottom of the high steps in the foundation pit. The results indicate that a special overflow dam monolith can be considered to be safe in case of considering the three dimensional effect. However, a key wall with a depth of 5m must be constructed at the upper side of this monolith in order to ensure the safety of the foundation.

  14. Concept Study of Foundation Systems for Wave Energy Converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Molina, Salvador Devant; Vaitkunaite, Evelina; Ibsen, Lars Bo

    Analysis of possible foundation solution for Wave Energy Converters (WEC) is presented by investigating and optimizing novel foundation systems recently developed for offshore wind turbines. Gravity based, pile and bucket foundations are innovative foundation systems that are analyzed. Concept...... studies for all three foundation systems, geotehcnical design methods of foundations and discussion about the differences in the means of structural design, installation and cost are presented in the paper....

  15. Building Inclusion

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jeanet Kullberg; Isik Kulu-Glasgow

    2009-01-01

    The social inclusion of immigrants and ethnic minorities is a central issue in many European countries. Governments face challenges in ensuring housing for immigrants, delivering public services, promoting neighbourhood coexistence and addressing residential segregation. The Building Inclusion proje

  16. Building Languages

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... family's native language) is taught as the child's second language through reading, writing, speech, and use of residual ... that parents can use to help their child learn language. There are many types of building blocks, and ...

  17. Teamwork through Team Building: Face-to-Face to Online

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staggers, Julie; Garcia, Susan; Nagelhout, Ed

    2008-01-01

    This article describes the ways the authors incorporated team-building activities into our online business writing courses by interrogating the ways that kinesthetic learning translates into the electronic realm. The authors review foundational theories of team building, including Cog's Ladder and Tuckman's Stages, and offer sample exercises they…

  18. Techniques for the reduction of low frequency noise in buildings

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zuada Coelho, B.A.; Koopman, A.

    2012-01-01

    Vibration isolation of buildings is often achieved by introducing spring systems at the foundation level. This can be an effective measure, especially against vibrations induced by noise, but it is also very costly. Due to the current usage of the cities space, where buildings and infrastructures sh

  19. Building Blocks to Colorado's Content Standards: Mathematics, Reading and Writing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen-Young, Darcy; Amundson, Jane L.; Bowers, Lori Goodwin; Koehn, Jo; Triolo-Moloney, Sharon; Vendegna, Nan; Peterson, Sandra

    The Building Blocks to Colorado's Content Standards were developed to connect early childhood education to the K-12 content standards, to advocate for appropriate teaching strategies for preschool children, and to support awareness and understanding of early childhood foundational skills among parents and teachers. Five sets of building blocks are…

  20. Foundations for a new type of Design-Engineers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Ulrik; Brodersen, Søsser; Lindegaard, Hanne;

    2011-01-01

    processes of competences needed in design engineering, the curriculum represents a radical innovation in engineering curriculum. The paper describes the background as well as the foundational elements constituting the educational program and presents an assessment of the key factors that has made it attract...... almost equally in the curriculum: natural and technical sciences, design synthesis and socio-technical analysis. Combined with an integration and co-ordination of disciplines, a series of projects providing a progression of challenges to the students⿿ learning, and a focus on the outcomes of the learning...... new groups of students to engineering. An evaluation has been carried out based on their own and their employers experiences. This supports the visions build into the curriculum and adds important components to what might be needed to carry out reforms in engineering education....

  1. Tenth workshop on the algorithmic foundations of robotics (WAFR)

    CERN Document Server

    Lozano-Perez, Tomas; Roy, Nicholas; Rus, Daniela; Algorithmic foundations of robotics X

    2013-01-01

    Algorithms are a fundamental component of robotic systems. Robot algorithms process inputs from sensors that provide noisy and partial data, build geometric and physical models of the world, plan high-and low-level actions at different time horizons, and execute these actions on actuators with limited precision. The design and analysis of robot algorithms raise a unique combination of questions from many elds, including control theory, computational geometry and topology, geometrical and physical modeling, reasoning under uncertainty, probabilistic algorithms, game theory, and theoretical computer science. The Workshop on Algorithmic Foundations of Robotics (WAFR) is a single-track meeting of leading researchers in the eld of robot algorithms. Since its inception in 1994, WAFR has been held every other year, and has provided one of the premiere venues for the publication of some of the eld's most important and lasting contributions. This books contains the proceedings of the tenth WAFR, held on June 13{15 201...

  2. Bucket foundations under lateral cyclic loading

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foglia, Aligi

    To enable a prosperous development of offshore wind energy, economically feasible technologies must be developed. The monopod bucket foundation is likely to become a cost-effective sub-structure for offshore wind turbines and has the potential to make offshore wind more cost-competitive in the en......To enable a prosperous development of offshore wind energy, economically feasible technologies must be developed. The monopod bucket foundation is likely to become a cost-effective sub-structure for offshore wind turbines and has the potential to make offshore wind more cost......-competitive in the energy market. This thesis addresses issues concerning monopod bucket foundations in the hope of providing tools and ideas that could be used to optimize the design of this sub-structure. The work is focussed on the behaviour of bucket foundations under lateral cyclic loading. Other related...... with the loading rate. Though, there is no difference in the initial stiffness. Pore pressure transducers inside and around the foundations recorded the distribution of the pore water pressure during loading.Horizontal and rotational displacements are not found to be influenced by the loading rate. A comprehensive...

  3. Seismic response of tall building considering soil-pile-structure interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Yingcai

    2002-06-01

    The seismic behavior of tall buildings can be greatly affected by non-linear soil-pile interaction during strong earthquakes. In this study a 20-storey building is examined as a typical structure supported on a pile foundation for different conditions: (1) rigid base, i.e. no deformation in the foundation: (2) linear soil-pile system; and (3) nonlinear soil-pile system. The effects of pile foundation displacements on the behavior of tall building are investigated, and compared with the behavior of buildings supported on shallow foundation. With a model of non-reflective boundary between the near field and far field, Novak’s method of soil-pile interaction is improved. The computation method for vibration of pile foundations and DYNAN computer program are introduced comprehensively. A series of dynamic experiments have been done on full-scale piles, including single pile and group, linear vibration and nonlinear vibration, to verify the validity of boundary zone model.

  4. GEM Building Taxonomy (Version 2.0)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brzev, S.; Scawthorn, C.; Charleson, A.W.; Allen, L.; Greene, M.; Jaiswal, Kishor; Silva, V.

    2013-01-01

    This report documents the development and applications of the Building Taxonomy for the Global Earthquake Model (GEM). The purpose of the GEM Building Taxonomy is to describe and classify buildings in a uniform manner as a key step towards assessing their seismic risk, Criteria for development of the GEM Building Taxonomy were that the Taxonomy be relevant to seismic performance of different construction types; be comprehensive yet simple; be collapsible; adhere to principles that are familiar to the range of users; and ultimately be extensible to non-buildings and other hazards. The taxonomy was developed in conjunction with other GEM researchers and builds on the knowledge base from other taxonomies, including the EERI and IAEE World Housing Encyclopedia, PAGER-STR, and HAZUS. The taxonomy is organized as a series of expandable tables, which contain information pertaining to various building attributes. Each attribute describes a specific characteristic of an individual building or a class of buildings that could potentially affect their seismic performance. The following 13 attributes have been included in the GEM Building Taxonomy Version 2.0 (v2.0): 1.) direction, 2.)material of the lateral load-resisting system, 3.) lateral load-resisting system, 4.) height, 5.) date of construction of retrofit, 6.) occupancy, 7.) building position within a block, 8.) shape of the building plan, 9.) structural irregularity, 10.) exterior walls, 11.) roof, 12.) floor, 13.) foundation system. The report illustrates the pratical use of the GEM Building Taxonomy by discussing example case studies, in which the building-specific characteristics are mapped directly using GEM taxonomic attributes and the corresponding taxonomic string is constructed for that building, with "/" slash marks separating attributes. For example, for the building shown to the right, the GEM Taxonomy string is: DX1/MUR+CLBRS+MOCL2/LWAL3/

  5. Topics in modern physics theoretical foundations

    CERN Document Server

    Walecka, John Dirk

    2013-01-01

    While the two previous books entitled Introduction to Modern Physics: Theoretical Foundations and Advanced Modern Physics: Theoretical Foundations exposed the reader to the foundations and frontiers of today's physics, the goal of this third volume is to cover in some detail several topics omitted in the essentially linear progression of the first two. This book is divided into three parts. Part 1 is on quantum mechanics. Analytic solutions to the Schrödinger equation are developed for some basic systems. The analysis is then formalized, concluding with a set of postulates for the theory. Part 2 is on applications of quantum mechanics: approximation methods for bound states, scattering theory, time-dependent perturbation theory, and electromagnetic radiation and quantum electrodynamics. Part 3 covers some selected topics in relativistic quantum field theory: discrete symmetries, the Heisenberg picture, and the Feynman rules for quantum chromodynamics. The three volumes in this series taken together provide ...

  6. Al- Khwarizmi and axiomatic foundation of algebra

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper intends to investigate the axiomatic foundations of algebra, as they were presented in the book of algebra of al-Khwarizmi (9 th century), and as they were developed in many subsequent Arabic works. The paper gives also a description of algebra evolution towards a discipline independent ofgeometry and arithmetic: the two disciplines whosemarriage had led to its birth.By an in depth reading of some details in the text of al Khwarizmi , we concluded that this mathematician intended to lay down the axiomatic foundations of that new discipline. His resort to arithmetical and geometrical means was a way of making his theory more accessible. He used them to justify the axioms: those that were not explicitly introduced per se, and those that were remained implicit. The paper also relies on some unedited writingsof al-Khwarizmi's successors, which could shedlight on the ways they used to consolidate the foundations of algebra and improve its methods. (author)

  7. The theoretical foundations of quantum mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Baaquie, Belal E

    2013-01-01

    The Theoretical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics addresses fundamental issues that are not discussed in most books on quantum mechanics. This book focuses on analyzing the underlying principles of quantum mechanics and explaining the conceptual and theoretical underpinning of quantum mechanics. In particular, the concepts of quantum indeterminacy, quantum measurement and quantum superposition are analyzed to clarify the concepts that are implicit in the formulation of quantum mechanics. The Schrodinger equation is never solved in the book. Rather, the discussion on the fundamentals of quantum mechanics is treated in a rigorous manner based on the mathematics of quantum mechanics. The new concept of the interplay of empirical and trans-empirical constructs in quantum mechanics is introduced to clarify the foundations of quantum mechanics and to explain the counter-intuitive construction of nature in quantum mechanics. The Theoretical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics is aimed at the advanced undergraduate and a...

  8. Dynamic Properties of Offshore Wind Turbine Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgaard, Mads

    ages structurally over its service life. Well-covered in the field of earthquake engineering, the dynamic response of civil engineering structures is highly dependent on the impedance of the soil–foundation system. For offshore wind turbine applications, however, the hysteretical and geometrical......, there is a general consensus that offshore wind-generated electricity is still too expensive to be competitive with conventional energy sources. As a consequence, the overall weight of the turbine and foundation is kept to a minimum resulting in a flexible and dynamically active structural system—even at low...... frequencies. The highly variable and cyclic loads on the rotor, tower and foundation, caused by wind and wave loads as well as low-frequent excitations from the rotor blades, all demand special fatigue design considerations and create an even greater demand for a fuller appreciation of how the wind turbine...

  9. Analysis of foundations on reinforced soil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, B. S.; Poulos, H. G.

    1980-10-01

    A finite element model of reinforced earth is used to investigate the increase in bearing capacity and stiffness of a foundation due to the placement of reinforcement in the soil. The analysis is used to examine the effect of reinforcement on the load settlement behavior of a strip foundation founded on a c-theta soil. It is shown that the improvement in foundation performance depends on both the number of reinforcing layers and on the concentration (surface area per unit width of footing) of the reinforcement. The case of a footing on a reinforced soil mass overlying a cavity or a very soft zone is also analyzed, and the reinforced soil is shown to result in a significant improvement in footing performance.

  10. Kellogg Foundation Initiative: Rewriting the Way Foundations Do Business in Indian Country.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyer, Paul

    2000-01-01

    Describes the multi-million dollar initiative announced by W. K. Kellogg Foundation in 1995 to support the Native American Higher Education Initiative, and how the Kellogg initiative deserves attention from the nation as a whole because it is attempting to fundamentally rewrite the way foundations do business with Indian communities. (VWC)

  11. Evaluation of the Impact of Slab Foundation Heat Transfer on Heating and Cooling in Florida

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parker, D. [Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction, Cocoa, FL (United States); Kono, J. [Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction, Cocoa, FL (United States); Vieira, R. [Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction, Cocoa, FL (United States); Gu, L. [Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction, Cocoa, FL (United States)

    2016-09-01

    During the last three decades of energy-efficiency research, there has been limited study of heat transfer to slab-on-grade foundations in cooling-dominated climates. Most experimental research has focused on the impact of slab-on-grade foundations and insulation schemes on heat losses in heating-dominated climates. This is surprising because the floor area in single-family homes is generally equal to wall area, window area, or attic area, all of which have been extensively evaluated for heat-transfer properties. Moreover, slab foundations are the most common foundation type in cooling-dominated climates. Slab-on-grade construction is very popular in southern states, accounting for 77% of new home floors according to 2014 U.S. Census data. There is a widespread perception that tile flooring, as opposed to carpet, provides a cooler home interior in warm climates. Empirical research is needed because building energy simulation software programs running DOE-2 and EnergyPlus engines often rely on simplified models to evaluate the influence of flooring on interior temperature, even though in some cases more detailed models exist. The U.S. Department of Energy Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction (BA-PIRC) performed experiments in the Florida Solar Energy Center’s Flexible Residential Test Facility intended to assess for the first time (1) how slab-on-grade construction influences interior cooling in a cooling-dominated climate and (2) how the difference in a carpeted versus uncarpeted building might influence heating and cooling energy use. Two nominally identical side-by-side residential buildings were evaluated during the course of 1 year, from 2014 to 2015: the east building with a pad and carpet floor and the west building with a bare slab floor. A detailed grid shows temperature measurements taken on the slab surface at various locations as well as at depths of 1.0 ft, 2 ft, 5.0 ft, 10.0 ft, and 20.0 ft below the surface. Temperature

  12. Calculation of Temperature in Sliding Joint Designed as a Part of Foundation Structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cajka Radim

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In case of expected horizontal deformation of subsoil or foundation structure it is possible to use rheological asphalt sliding joint to eliminate internal forces caused with friction. Material characteristics of asphalt are temperature sensitive. In science literature it is possible to find data with temperatures expected in footing bottom, however it was decided to complement this information with temperatures measured in-situ in foundation slab for super-computer building in campus of VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava. In the paper measured and calculated temperatures are compared for the first days after concreting the foundation structure. Besides the temperature of environment also significant influence of heat of cement hydration are taken into account.

  13. Relativity foundations & philosophy of science & technology

    CERN Document Server

    Angel, Roger B

    1980-01-01

    Relativity: The Theory and its Philosophy provides a completely self-contained treatment of the philosophical foundations of the theory of relativity. It also surveys the most essential mathematical techniques and concepts that are indispensable to an understanding of the foundations of both the special and general theories of relativity. In short, the book includes a crash course in applied mathematics, ranging from elementary trigonometry to the classical tensor calculus.Comprised of 11 chapters, this book begins with an introduction to fundamental mathematical concepts such as sets, relatio

  14. History on foundation of Korea nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This reports the history on foundation of Korea nuclear power from 1955 to 1980, which is divided ten chapters. The contents of this book are domestic and foreign affairs before foundation of nuclear power center, establishment of nuclear power and research center, early activity and internal conflict about nuclear power center, study for nuclear power business and commercialization of the studying ordeal over nuclear power administration and new phase, dispute for jurisdiction on nuclear power business and the process, permission for nuclear reactor, regulation and local administration, the process of deliberation and decision of reactor 3. 4 in Yonggwang, introduction of nuclear reprocessing facilities and activities for social organization.

  15. Impact of foundation properties on seismic response

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seismic response of the NPP structures depends on the foundation properties twice. First, “free-field excitation” depends on soil/rock layering; second, soil-structure interaction also depends on soil/rock profile. Extreme cases of soil foundation profile are homogeneous half-space and soil layer resting on rigid rock. These two site profiles are principally different in behavior. Each particular site is usually somewhere in between. It is important to know the type of site in order to predict seismic response of NPP structures. (author)

  16. Mastering Microsoft SharePoint Foundation 2010

    CERN Document Server

    Callahan, C A

    2011-01-01

    Everything IT professionals need to create collaborative solutions. SharePoint Foundation 2010 is the newest version of a powerful collaboration tool used in many Exchange-enabled organizations. This book gets network professionals and business application administrators up to speed on the updates, features, and installation procedures, preparing them to create powerful collaboration structures for their companies.: Microsoft SharePoint Foundation 2010 is the successor to Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 and is used with Microsoft Office SharePoint Server to enable collaboration; this guide pre

  17. Vibration Based Wind Turbine Tower Foundation Design Utilizing Soil-Foundation-Structure Interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Satari, P. E. Mohamed; Hussain, S. E. Saif

    2008-07-01

    Wind turbines have been used to generate electricity as an alternative energy source to conventional fossil fuels. This case study is for multiple wind towers located at different villages in Alaska where severe arctic weather conditions exist. The towers are supported by two different types of foundations; large mat or deep piles foundations. Initially, a Reinforced Concrete (RC) mat foundation was utilized to provide the system with vertical and lateral support. Where soil conditions required it, a pile foundation solution was devised utilizing a 30″ thick RC mat containing an embedded steel grillage of W18 beams supported by 20″-24″ grouted or un-grouted piles. The mixing and casting of concrete in-situ has become the major source of cost and difficulty of construction at these remote Alaska sites. An all-steel foundation was proposed for faster installation and lower cost, but was found to impact the natural frequencies of the structural system by significantly softening the foundation system. The tower-foundation support structure thus became near-resonant with the operational frequencies of the wind turbine leading to a likelihood of structural instability or even collapse. A detailed 3D Finite-Element model of the original tower-foundation-pile system with RC foundation was created using SAP2000. Soil springs were included in the model based on soil properties obtained from the geotechnical consultant. The natural frequency from the model was verified against the tower manufacturer analytical and the experimental values. Where piles were used, numerous iterations were carried out to eliminate the need for the RC and optimize the design. An optimized design was achieved with enough separation between the natural and operational frequencies to prevent damage to the structural system eliminating the need for any RC encasement to the steel foundation or grouting to the piles.

  18. Competence Building

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borrás, Susana; Edquist, Charles

    The main question that guides this paper is how governments are focusing (and must focus) on competence building (education and training) when designing and implementing innovation policies. With this approach, the paper aims at filling the gap between the existing literature on competences...... on the one hand, and the real world of innovation policy-making on the other, typically not speaking to each other. With this purpose in mind, this paper discusses the role of competences and competence-building in the innovation process from a perspective of innovation systems; it examines how governments...... and public agencies in different countries and different times have actually approached the issue of building, maintaining and using competences in their innovation systems; it examines what are the critical and most important issues at stake from the point of view of innovation policy, looking particularly...

  19. Building Procurement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, Niclas

    2007-01-01

    ‘The procurement of construction work is complex, and a successful outcome frequently elusive’. With this opening phrase of the book, the authors take on the challenging job of explaining the complexity of building procurement. Even though building procurement systems are, and will remain, complex...... despite this excellent book, the knowledge, expertise, well-articulated argument and collection of recent research efforts that are provided by the three authors will help to make project success less elusive. The book constitutes a thorough and comprehensive investigation of building procurement, which...... evolves from a simple establishment of a contractual relationship to a central and strategic part of construction. The authors relate to cultural, ethical and social and behavioural sciences as the fundamental basis for analysis and understanding of the complexity and dynamics of the procurement system...

  20. The 10 Building Blocks of High-Performing Primary Care

    OpenAIRE

    Bodenheimer, Thomas; Ghorob, Amireh; Willard-Grace, Rachel; Grumbach, Kevin

    2014-01-01

    Our experiences studying exemplar primary care practices, and our work assisting other practices to become more patient centered, led to a formulation of the essential elements of primary care, which we call the 10 building blocks of high-performing primary care. The building blocks include 4 foundational elements—engaged leadership, data-driven improvement, empanelment, and team-based care—that assist the implementation of the other 6 building blocks—patient-team partnership, population mana...

  1. Implementation of a new Foundations Concept for Offshore Wind Farms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ibsen, Lars Bo

    2008-01-01

    The foundation principles for the recent major offshore wind farm projects in Europe have been dominated by two types of foundation solutions, the gravitational foundation and the monopile. A fully operational 3.0 MW offshore wind turbine was installed on a prototype of the bucket foundation...

  2. Building Bridges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The report Building Bridges adresses the questions why, how and for whom academic audience research has public value, from the different points of view of the four working groups in the COST Action IS0906 Transforming Audiences, Transforming Societies – “New Media Genres, Media Literacy and Trust...... in the Media”, “Audience Interactivity and Participation”, “The Role of Media and ICT Use for Evolving Social Relationships” and “Audience Transformations and Social Integration”. Building Bridges is the result of an ongoing dialogue between the Action and non-academic stakeholders in the field of audience...

  3. Activity Theory applied to Global Software Engineering: Theoretical Foundations and Implications for Tool Builders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tell, Paolo; Ali Babar, Muhammad

    2012-01-01

    be a promising alternative to build tools for GSE. However, significant effort is required to introduce a new paradigm; there is a need of sound theoretical foundation based on activity theory to address challenges faced by tools in GSE. This paper reports our effort aimed at building theoretical foundations...... for applying activity theory to GSE. We analyze and explain the fundamental concepts of activity theory, and how they can be applied by using examples of software architecture design and evaluation processes. We describe the kind of data model and architectural support required for applying activity theory......Although a plethora of tools are available for Global Software Engineering (GSE) teams, it is being realized increasingly that the most prevalent desktop metaphor underpinning the majority of tools have several inherent limitations. We have proposed that Activity-Based Computing (ABC) can...

  4. Discussion on ground bearing capacity of the sandy pebble in the foundation of tall buildings in Chengdu area%成都地区超高层建筑砂卵石土地基承载力取值探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭方; 吴帅; 黄宗芳; 陈哲

    2013-01-01

    Taking the actual case of Chengdu Panda City Ⅱ as an example,based on the in-situ plate loading tests and numerical analysis results,the reasonable determination method of ground bearing capability was discussed.The overcharge was improved through increasing the numbers of anti-floating anchor,so revised bearing capacity can meet the design requirement.The deformation modulus from the in-situ plate loading tests was used to calculate the settlement.Modified by the experience in Chengdu area,the calculation results agree well with the measured settlements and the average settlement is small.The successful application of shallow foundation is beneficial to apply to similar projects.%以成都熊猫城二期为例,通过原位平板荷载试验,并结合数值分析结果,探讨了合理确定地基承载力的方法,通过增加抗浮锚杆提高超载,修正后的承载力可满足设计要求.用原位试验的变形模量计算建筑物的沉降量,经成都地区经验修正后,接近实测值且平均沉降量较小.天然基础的成功应用可为类似工程提供参考.

  5. 241-U-701 new compressor building and instrument air piping analyses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Building anchorage analysis is performed to qualify the design of the new compressor building foundation given in the ECN ''241-U-701 New Compressor Building.'' Recommendations for some changes in the ECN are made accordingly. Calculations show that the 6-in.-slab is capable of supporting the pipe supports, and that the building foundation, air compressor and dryer anchorage, and electric rack are adequate structurally. Analysis also shows that the instrument air piping and pipe supports for the compressed air system meet the applicable code requirements and are acceptable. The building is for the U-Farm instrument air systems

  6. Theoretical Foundations for Website Design Courses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Kristin

    2002-01-01

    Considers how theoretical foundations in website design courses can facilitate students learning the genres of Internet communication. Proposes ways that theories can be integrated into website design courses. Focuses on two students' website portfolios and ways they utilize genre theory and activity theory discussed in class to produce websites…

  7. Scientific foundations of structural policy analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Svetlana Grygoriyeva

    2015-01-01

    This article analyses the theoretical foundations of scientific investigation of the interrelation of sectoral (technological) and institutional aspects of structural policy in Ukraine. In the article it is substantiated the concept modernization of metallurgy and mechanical engineering sectors. This concept considers the modernization of metallurgy and mechanical engineering as a single institutional and technological complex.

  8. The Philosophical Foundations of Lifelong Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michopoulos, Aristotle

    The current lifelong learning movement, the new force toward global education, owes much to the League of Nations and the United Nations that sponsored an expanded multiracial "polis." Its philosophical foundations go back, however, to ancient China, India, and especially Greece, where philosophers and scientists got their creative stimulus from…

  9. The Philosophical Foundations of Modern Medicine

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, Dr Keekok

    2011-01-01

    An exploration of the philosophical foundation of modern medicine which explains why such a medicine possesses the characteristics it does and where precisely its strengths as well as its weaknesses lie. Written in plain English, it should be accessible to anyone who is intellectually curious, lay persons and medical professionals alike.

  10. Theoretical Foundations of Rorschach by Piotrowski.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daly, William C.

    2005-01-01

    The writer has tried to lift the veil of mystery from the Rorschach Cards by uncovering in simple form the ten basic principles of Zygmunt Protrowski which can be considered the foundation stones of Rorschach; they are composed of psycho-justifications as well as meaningful administrative procedures allowing the reader broader understanding of…

  11. Binary Relations as a Foundation of Mathematics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuper, J.; Barendsen, E.; Capretta, V.; Geuvers, H.; Niqui, M.

    2007-01-01

    We describe a theory for binary relations in the Zermelo-Fraenkel style. We choose for ZFCU, a variant of ZFC Set theory in which the Axiom of Foundation is replaced by an axiom allowing for non-wellfounded sets. The theory of binary relations is shown to be equi-consistent ZFCU by constructing a mo

  12. Response of Rubble Foundation to Dynamic Loading

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, H. F.; Ibsen, Lars Bo

    1994-01-01

    The soil beneath vertical monolithic structures is subjected to a combination of static load due to the submerged weight of the structure and stochastic non-stationary loads as a result of the wave loads on the vertical wall. The stress conditions in the soil below a foundation exposed to both...

  13. Theoretical Foundations of Learning Environments. Second Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jonassen, David, Ed.; Land, Susan, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    "Theoretical Foundations of Learning Environments" provides students, faculty, and instructional designers with a clear, concise introduction to the major pedagogical and psychological theories and their implications for the design of new learning environments for schools, universities, or corporations. Leading experts describe the most important…

  14. Excavations and Foundations in Soft Soils

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kempfert, Hans-Georg; Gebreselassie, Berhane

    The book reviews the experiences with, as well as recent developments and research results on excavations and foundations in and on soft soil deposits. Geotechnical design and execution of civil engineering structures on very soft soils are usually associated with substantial difficulties.

  15. Observed variations of monopile foundation stiffness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kallehave, Dan; Thilsted, C.L.; Diaz, Alberto Troya

    2015-01-01

    The soil-structure stiffness of monopile foundations for offshore wind turbines has a high impact on the fatigue loading during normal operating conditions. Thus, a robust design must consider the evolution of pile-soil stiffness over the lifetime of the wind farm. This paper present and discuss ...

  16. Corner Office Interview: Gates Foundation's Deborah Jacobs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Rebecca

    2010-01-01

    U.S. libraries gave the world a top talent when Deborah Jacobs left her transformational role as City Librarian of Seattle in 2008 to head the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation's Global Libraries program, the international sibling to the U.S. Libraries program. The initiative fosters national-scale projects with grantees in transitioning countries…

  17. Foundations of computer science : lecture notes

    OpenAIRE

    Escardó, Martín

    2005-01-01

    Lecture given at Foundations of Computer Science, 2nd term In this part of the module are studied data structures and algorithms. The firts module have been treated some data structures (e.g. arrays, lists, stacks, queues) and some algorithms (e.g. linear search and binary search).

  18. Perfect Bayesian equilibrium. Part II: epistemic foundations

    OpenAIRE

    Bonanno, Giacomo

    2011-01-01

    In a companion paper we introduced a general notion of perfect Bayesian equilibrium which can be applied to arbitrary extensive-form games. The essential ingredient of the proposed definition is the qualitative notion of AGM-consistency. In this paper we provide an epistemic foundation for AGM-consistency based on the AGM theory of belief revision.

  19. Readiness, Behavior, and Foundational Mathematics Course Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Kevin; Zelenka, Richard; Buonaguidi, Larry; Beckman, Robert; Casillas, Alex; Crouse, Jill; Allen, Jeff; Hanson, Mary Ann; Acton, Tara; Robbins, Steve

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the effects of math readiness and student course behavior (e.g., attendance, participation, homework completion) on knowledge gain and course success using two samples of students enrolled in foundational skills (noncredit-bearing) mathematics courses. As hypothesized, entering student mathematics readiness and course behavior…

  20. About The Rural Developm ent Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation ( RDF) ,founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one juniorcollege in Andhra Pradesh State,taking a unique holistic approach to education through innovative programs and

  1. Physico-mathematical foundations of relativistic cosmology

    CERN Document Server

    Soares, Domingos

    2013-01-01

    I briefly present the foundations of relativistic cosmology, which are, General Relativity Theory and the Cosmological Principle. I discuss some relativistic models, namely, "Einstein static universe" and "Friedmann universes". The classical bibliographic references for the relevant tensorial demonstrations are indicated whenever necessary, although the calculations themselves are not shown.

  2. Response of Rubble Foundation to Dynamic Loading

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, H. F.; Ibsen, Lars Bo

    1993-01-01

    The soil beneath vertical monolithic structures is subjected to a combination of static load due to the submerged weight of the structure and stochastic non-stationary loads as a result of the wave loads on the vertical wall. The stress conditions in the soil below a foundation exposed to both st...

  3. Vibrations of a pipe on elastic foundations

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S V Lilkova-Markova; D S Lolov

    2004-06-01

    A cantilevered pipe subjected to external transverse (or lateral) force is investigated. Two cases of elastic foundations are considered: rotational and both linear and rotational. The major findings are the variations in frequency with flow velocity and displacements at different points and times.

  4. The Foundations of Modern Time Series Analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Mills, Professor Terence C

    2011-01-01

    This book develops the analysis of Time Series from its formal beginnings in the 1890s through to the publication of Box and Jenkins' watershed publication in 1970, showing how these methods laid the foundations for the modern techniques of Time Series analysis that are in use today.

  5. Industrial Foundations in the Danish Economy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Steen

    -owned companies account for 5-10% of the Danish economy depending on measurement. However, they constitute the bulk of Danish stock market capitalization and R&D expenditure, and they also contribute disproportionally to international business activity. Finally the industrial foundations make charitable donations...

  6. The Emotional Foundations of Social Understanding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warren, Heather K.; Denham, Susanne A.; Bassett, Hideko H.

    2008-01-01

    The infant and toddler years are a watershed of development in the emotional domain. These skills lay the foundation for positive social interactions, and ultimately, academic and life success. This article describes the development of three skills that are central in creating successful relationships: expressing emotion, understanding emotion,…

  7. Mining Foundations, Trust and Funds : A Sourcebook

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank, (WB)

    2010-01-01

    Mining operations increasingly exist in remote parts of developing countries, and with the combined challenges in public services delivery and development assistance, this is drawing the mining sector further into catalyzing development at local, regional and national levels. Responding to this multifaceted trend, the mining sector has increasingly turned to foundations, trusts and funds a...

  8. Foundation: Transforming data bases into knowledge bases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purves, R. B.; Carnes, James R.; Cutts, Dannie E.

    1987-01-01

    One approach to transforming information stored in relational data bases into knowledge based representations and back again is described. This system, called Foundation, allows knowledge bases to take advantage of vast amounts of pre-existing data. A benefit of this approach is inspection, and even population, of data bases through an intelligent knowledge-based front-end.

  9. Status of Supersymmetry: Foundations and Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Ferrara, Sergio

    2011-01-01

    We review some aspects of the foundations of supersymmetry as a conjectural in­variance of the Laws of Nature. This symmetry bypasses the Coleman-Mandula Theorem by enlarging the funda­mental space -time symmetries to the Superworld. Application of supersymmetry to particle physics requires its spontaneous breaking, as it happens for the electroweak symmetry of the Standard Model.

  10. Radioisotopic methods for quality control of works and studies while constructing foundations and underground structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The data on the use of radioisotope methods of quality control of various kinds of construction works when building foundations and underground constructions and when carrying out scientific research, are presented. Devices and equipment are described, their block diagrams are presented. The experience in using radioisotope devices to control the quality of construction works, is presented. The problems of economic effectivenes of works using radioisotope devices are solved

  11. The foundations of a 95 MVA motor-generator set for pulsed duty

    CERN Document Server

    Probst, P H

    1972-01-01

    The vibration forces produced by the 95 MVA motor-generator set for the main ring magnets of the 28 GeV proton synchrotron at CERN in Geneva recur cyclically every few seconds and necessitate a special foundation for the set. Its function is to prevent any disturbing vibration energy reaching the accelerator and to eliminate any build- up in oscillation from successive vibration pulses. The final design incorporates a platform mounted on helical springs and fitted with additional dampers. (4 refs).

  12. Studies of Expansive Learning: Foundations, Findings and Future Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yrjö Engeström

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper examines studies based on the theory of expansive learning, formulated in 1987. In recent years the theory has been used in a wide variety of studies and interventions. The theory builds on foundational ideas put forward by Vygotsky, Leont’ev, Il’enkov, and Davydov, key figures in the Russian school of cultural-historical activity theory. Studies based on the theory are reviewed in six sections: expansive learning as transformation of the object, expansive learning as movement in the zone of proximal development, expansive learning as cycles of learning actions, expansive learning as boundary crossing and network building, expansive learning as distributed and discontinuous movement, and formative interventions.A separate section is devoted to critiques of expansive learning. It is concluded that the ultimate test of learning theories is how they help practitioners to generate learning that grasps pressing issues the humankind is facing. The theory of expansive learning currently expands its analyses both up and down, outward and inward. Moving up and outward, it tackles learning in fields or networks of interconnected activity systems with their partially shared and often contested objects. Moving down and inward, it tackles issues of subjectivity, experiencing, personal sense, emotion, embodiment, identity, and moral commitment.

  13. Three Essays on Foundation Owned Firms in Germany

    OpenAIRE

    Draheim, Matthias

    2016-01-01

    This dissertation consists of three research papers on foundation owned firms in Germany, which are structured into three chapters. All chapters and their respective main research results are briefly summarized below.There are several prominent examples of foundation owned firms, such as Aldi, Bosch, Lidl, ThyssenKrupp, and ZF Friedrichshafen. Foundation owned firms are firms that are fully or partially owned by a foundation. A foundation is a legal entity without owners that is set up by a ...

  14. Building Bridges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The report Building Bridges adresses the questions why, how and for whom academic audience research has public value, from the different points of view of the four working groups in the COST Action IS0906 Transforming Audiences, Transforming Societies – “New Media Genres, Media Literacy and Trust...

  15. Sustainable Buildings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tommerup, Henrik M.; Elle, Morten

    The scientific community agrees that: all countries must drastically and rapidly reduce their CO2 emissions and that energy efficient houses play a decisive role in this. The general attitude at the workshop on Sustainable Buildings was that we face large and serious climate change problems...

  16. Pile foundation of nuclear power plant structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The subject of pile foundation used for nuclear power plant structures, considering the experience gained by the designers of the Angra Nuclear Power Plant, Units 2 and 3 in Brazil is dealt with. The general concept of the pile foundations, including types and execution of the piles, is described briefly. Then the two basic models, i.e. the static model and the dynamic one, used in the design are shown, and the pertinent design assumptions as related to the Angra project are mentioned. The criteria which established the loading capacity of the piles are discussed and the geological conditions of the Angra site are also explained briefly, justifying the reasons why pile foundations are necessary in this project. After that, the design procedures and particularly the tools - i.e. the computer programs - are described. It is noted that the relatively simple but always time consuming job of loading determination calculations can be computerized too, as it was done on this project through the computer program SEASA. The interesting aspects of soil/structure interaction, applicable to static models, are covered in detail, showing the theoretical base wich was used in the program PILMAT. Then the advantage resulting from computerizing of the job of pile reinforcement design are mentioned, describing briefly the jobs done by the two special programs PILDES and PILTAB. The point is stressed that the effort computerizing the structural design of this project was not so much due to the required accuracy of the calculations, but mainly due to the need to save on the design time, as to allow to perform the design task within the relatively tight time schedule. A conclusion can be drawn that design of pile foundations for nuclear power plant structures is a more complex task than the design of bearing type of foundation for the same structures, but that the task can be always made easier when the design process can be computerized. (Author)

  17. Centrifuge model test on earthquake-induced differential settlement of foundation on cohesive ground

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHAMOTO; Yasuhiro; HOTTA; Hiroyuki

    2009-01-01

    Dynamic centrifuge model test was conducted to study the earthquake-induced differential settlement of foundation on cohesive ground, and the influence of asymmetry of building was investigated. During the experiment, the overconsolidated kaolin clay ground with a three-dimensional asymmetrical structure model was shaken by a basically balanced input motion, and bender elements were used to measure shear wave velocities of model ground to reveal the soil fabric evolution during and after shaking. The test results show that, the total seismic settlement of foundation is composed of instantaneous and long-term post-earthquake settlements, and most of the differential settlement occurs immediately after the earthquake while the post-earthquake settlement is relatively uniform despite its large amplitude. The asymmetry of building affects the settlement behavior considerably. Compared with 1-or 2-dimensional structures, more evident differential settlement occurs under threedimensional asymmetrical building during shaking, which accounts for one-half of the total seismic settlements and results in complex spatial tilting effects of foundation.

  18. Centrifuge model test on earthquake-induced differential settlement of foundation on cohesive ground

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU YanGuo; CHEN YunMin; SHAMOTO Yasuhiro; HOTTA Hiroyuki

    2009-01-01

    Dynamic centrifuge model test was conducted to study the earthquake-induced differential settlement of foundation on cohesive ground, and the influence of asymmetry of building was investigated. During the experiment, the overconsolidated kaolin clay ground with a three-dimensional asymmetrical structure model was shaken by a basically balanced input motion, and bender elements were used to measure shear wave velocities of model ground to reveal the soil fabric evolution during and after shaking. The test results show that, the total seismic settlement of foundation is composed of instantaneous and long-term post-earthquake settlements, and most of the differential settlement occurs immediately after the earthquake while the post-earthquake settlement is relatively uniform despite its large amplitude. The asymmetry of building affects the settlement behavior considerably. Compared with 1- or 2-dimensional structures, more evident differential settlement occurs under three-dimensional asymmetrical building during shaking, which accounts for one-half of the total seismic settlements and results in complex spatial tilting effects of foundation.

  19. Building Solid Foundation of Medicine and Health Care Law-ruling to Guarantee Citizens' Health Right%论以保障公民健康权为宗旨打造医药卫生法治的坚实基础

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晨光

    2016-01-01

    在全面推进法治中国建设的进程中,医药卫生法治的重要性日益凸显. 它不仅是法治中国的重要组成部分,也是推动医药卫生体制改革的法律基础和依据.医药卫生体制改革的最终目标是保证人民群众的健康权,极大地提高人们群众的健康水平.因此,医药卫生法治应当以健康权为其最高宗旨.在利益多元化的当代社会,健康权是形成全社会共识的纽带,是医药卫生法律体系的核心概念,是建构医药卫生法治体系的坚实基础.%In the process of comprehensive promotion of the construction of law-ruling, medicine and health care law-ruling is becoming more and more important, which is not only an important component of law-ruling China, but also the legal basis for medical and health system reform. The ultimate goal of medicine and health care system reform is to ensure people's health right, and greatly improve the level of people's health. Therefore, health right should be the highest aim of medicine and health care law-ruling. In the contemporary society with diversified interests, the right to health is the link of forming the whole society's consensus, the core concept of medicine health law system, and a solid foundation for the construction of legal medical health system as well.

  20. SUSTAINABLE CONCRETE FOR WIND TURBINE FOUNDATIONS.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    BERNDT,M.L.

    2004-06-01

    The use of wind power to generate electricity continues to grow, especially given commitments by various countries throughout the world to ensure that a significant percentage of energy comes from renewable sources. In order to meet such objectives, increasingly larger turbines with higher capacity are being developed. The engineering aspects of larger turbine development tend to focus on design and materials for blades and towers. However, foundations are also a critical component of large wind turbines and represent a significant cost of wind energy projects. Ongoing wind research at BNL is examining two areas: (a) structural response analysis of wind turbine-tower-foundation systems and (b) materials engineering of foundations. This work is investigating the dynamic interactions in wind turbine systems, which in turn assists the wind industry in achieving improved reliability and more cost efficient foundation designs. The results reported herein cover initial studies of concrete mix designs for large wind turbine foundations and how these may be tailored to reduce cost and incorporate sustainability and life cycle concepts. The approach taken was to investigate material substitutions so that the environmental, energy and CO{sub 2}-impact of concrete could be reduced. The use of high volumes of ''waste'' materials in concrete was examined. These materials included fly ash, blast furnace slag and recycled concrete aggregate. In addition, the use of steel fiber reinforcement as a means to improve mechanical properties and potentially reduce the amount of bar reinforcement in concrete foundations was studied. Four basic mixes were considered. These were: (1) conventional mix with no material substitutions, (2) 50% replacement of cement with fly ash, (3) 50% replacement of cement with blast furnace slag and (4) 25% replacement of cement with fly ash and 25% replacement with blast furnace slag. Variations on these mixes included the addition of 1

  1. Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes Case Study: Optimized Slab-on-Grade Foundation Insulation Retrofits

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schirber, T. [NorthernSTAR Buidling American Partnership, Madison, WI (United States); Goldberg, L. [NorthernSTAR Buidling American Partnership, Madison, WI (United States); Mosiman, G. [NorthernSTAR Buidling American Partnership, Madison, WI (United States)

    2016-05-01

    A more accurate assessment of SOG foundation insulation energy savings than traditionally possible is now feasible. This has been enabled by advances in whole building energy simulation with 3-dimensional foundation modelling integration at each time step together with an experimental measurement of the site energy savings of SOG foundation insulation. Ten SOG insulation strategies were evaluated on a test building to identify an optimum retrofit insulation strategy in a zone 6 climate (Minneapolis, MN). The optimum insulation strategy in terms of energy savings and cost effectiveness consisted of two components: (a) R-20 XPS insulation above grade, and, (b) R-20 insulation at grade (comprising an outer layer of R-10 insulation and an interior layer of R-12 poured polyurethane insulation) tapering to R-10 XPS insulation at half the below-grade wall height (the lower half of the stem wall was uninsulated).

  2. Method of Installing a Foundation in the Sea Bed and Such Foundation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2015-01-01

    The invention relates to a seabed foundation 11) for an offshore facility, comprising a primary pressure chamber 17) connected to a primary pump 1S) and one or more secondary pressure chambers 19) connected to one or more secondary pumps 110).According to an embodiment of the invention, said...... primary pump is a suction pump and said secondary pump is a pressure pump. The invention further relates to a method 112) of installing said foundation on the seabed 119), which comprises the steps of activating 114) said primary pump to create negative pressure in the primary pressure chamber 17), so...... that the foundation sinks into the seabed, and activating 115) said one or more secondary pumps 110) to create positive pressures in the secondary pressure chambers 19), so as to control the alignment of the foundation with respect to a substantially horizontal axis 116)during the sinking into the seabed....

  3. Building Letters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Cabinet是种十分吸引人却很简单的衬线字体,是由一名匿名字体设计师专门为Building Letters最新的资金筹集活动所设计的。这个Building Letters包中包含一个CDROM,有32种字体,以及一本专门设计的杂志和两张由Eboy和Emigre所设计的海报。字体光盘样例是由世界顶级的字体设计师们设计的.

  4. Model Building

    OpenAIRE

    Frampton, Paul H.

    1997-01-01

    In this talk I begin with some general discussion of model building in particle theory, emphasizing the need for motivation and testability. Three illustrative examples are then described. The first is the Left-Right model which provides an explanation for the chirality of quarks and leptons. The second is the 331-model which offers a first step to understanding the three generations of quarks and leptons. Third and last is the SU(15) model which can accommodate the light leptoquarks possibly...

  5. Building economics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, D.O.(red.)

    Publikationen er på engelsk. Den omfatter alle indlæg på det fjerde internationale symposium om byggeøkonomi, der blev arrangeret af SBI for det internationale byggeforskningsråd CIB. De fem bind omhandler: Methods of Economic Evaluation, Design Optimization, Ressource Utilization, The Building...... Market og Economics and Technological Forecasting in Construction. Et indledende bind bringer statusrapporter for de fem forskningsområder, og det sidste bind sammenfatter debatten på symposiet....

  6. Globalising the classical foundations of IPE thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Helleiner

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Current efforts to teach and research the historical foundations of IPE thought in classical political economy in the 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries centre largely on European and American thinkers. If a more extensive 'global conversation' is to be fostered in the field today, the perspectives of thinkers in other regions need to be recognised, and brought into the mainstream of its intellectual history. As a first step towards 'globalising' the classical foundations of IPE thought, this article demonstrates some ways in which thinkers located beyond Europe and the United States engaged with and contributed to debates associated with the three well-known classical traditions on which current IPE scholarship often draws: economic liberalism, economic nationalism and Marxism. It also reveals the extensive nature of 'global conversations' about IPE issues in this earlier era.

  7. On the Foundations of Superstring Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    't Hooft, Gerard

    2013-01-01

    Superstring theory is an extension of conventional quantum field theory that allows for stringlike and branelike material objects besides pointlike particles. The basic foundations on which the theory is built are amazingly shaky, and, equally amazingly, it seems to be this lack of solid foundations to which the theory owes its strength. We emphasize that such a situation is legitimate only in the development phases of a new doctrine. Eventually, a more solidly founded structure must be sought. Although it is advertised as a "candidate theory of quantum gravity", we claim that string theory may not be exactly that. Rather, just like quantum field theory itself, it is a general mathematical framework for a class of theories. Its major flaw could be that it still embraces a Copenhagen view on the relation between quantum mechanics and reality, while any "theory of everything", that is, a theory for the entire cosmos, should do better than that.

  8. Quantum theory informational foundations and foils

    CERN Document Server

    Spekkens, Robert

    2016-01-01

    This book provides the first unified overview of the burgeoning research area at the interface between Quantum Foundations and Quantum Information.  Topics include: operational alternatives to quantum theory, information-theoretic reconstructions of the quantum formalism, mathematical frameworks for operational theories, and device-independent features of the set of quantum correlations. Powered by the injection of fresh ideas from the field of Quantum Information and Computation, the foundations of Quantum Mechanics are in the midst of a renaissance. The last two decades have seen an explosion of new results and research directions, attracting broad interest in the scientific community. The variety and number of different approaches, however, makes it challenging for a newcomer to obtain a big picture of the field and of its high-level goals. Here, fourteen original contributions from leading experts in the field cover some of the most promising research directions that have emerged in the new wave of quant...

  9. A Foundation Theory of Quantum Mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Mould, R A

    2006-01-01

    The nRules are empirical regularities that were discovered in macroscopic situations where the outcome is known. When they are projected theoretically into the microscopic domain they predict a novel ontology including the frequent collapse of an atomic wave function, thereby defining an nRule based foundation theory. Future experiments can potentially discriminate between this and other foundation theories of (non-relativistic) quantum mechanics. Important features of the nRules are: (1) they introduce probability through probability current rather than the Born rule, (2) they are valid independent of size (micro or macroscopic), (3) they apply to individual trials, not just to ensembles of trials. (4) they allow all observers to be continuously included in the system without ambiguity, (5) they account for the collapse of the wave function without introducing new or using old physical constants, and (6) in dense environments they provide a high frequency of stochastic localizations of quantum mechanical obj...

  10. Kant's Schematism and the Foundations of Mathematics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Klaus Frovin

    we---on the background of schematism---get a characterization of Kant's concept of 'object'. This takes me to an analysis of the ontology and epistemology of mathematics. Kant understood himself as a philosopher in contact with science. It was science which he wanted to provide a foundation for. I...... general frame work, which functions as a foundation for an understanding of the epistemology and ontology of mathematics....... show that, contrary to Kant's own intentions, he was not up-to-date on mathematics. And in fact, it was because of this that it was possible for him to formulate his rather rigid theory concerning the unique characterizations of intuition and understanding. I show how phenomena in the mathematics of...

  11. Technique in Cleft Rhinoplasty: The Foundation Graft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gassner, Holger G; Schwan, Franziska; Haubner, Frank; Suárez, Gustavo A; Vielsmeier, Veronika

    2016-04-01

    Secondary cleft rhinoplasty represents a particular surgical challenge. The authors have identified the deficit in skeletal projection of the cleft-sided piriform rim as an important contributor to the pathology. A graft is described to augment the piriform crest on the cleft side. This foundation graft is suture fixated to the piriform crest after complete release of all soft tissue attachments to the alar base. The foundation graft is articulated with a long alar strut graft, which allows for powerful projection of the cleft-sided nasal tip. An advancement flap of vestibular skin is described to correct the vestibular stenosis. A transplant of diced cartilage in fascia is added to augment maxillary soft tissue volume. Subjective and objective measures of form and function are presented in a retrospective series of five cases, illustrating the efficacy of the techniques described. PMID:27097143

  12. Seismic response of tall building considering soil-pile-structure interaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The seismic behavior of tall buildings can be greatly affected by non-linear soil-pile interaction during strongearthquakes. In this study a 20-storey building is examined as a typical structure supported on a pile foundation for differentconditions: (1) rigid base, i.e. no deformation in the foundation: (2) linear soil-pile system; and (3) nonlinear soil-pile system.The effects of pile foundation displacements on the behavior of tall building are investigated, and compared with the behavior ofbuildings supported on shallow foundation. With a model of non-reflective boundary between the near field and far field,Novak's method of soil-pile interaction is improved. The computation method for vibration of pile foundations and DYNANcomputer program are introduced comprehensively. A series of dynamic experiments have been done on full-scale piles,including single pile and group, linear vibration and nonlinear vibration, to verify the validity of boundary zone model.

  13. Excavationless Exterior Foundation Insulation Exploratory Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mosiman, G.; Wagner, R.; Schirber, T.

    2013-02-01

    The key objective of this exploratory study was to investigate the feasibility of the development or adoption of technologies that would enable a large percentage of existing homes in cold climates to apply a combination 'excavationless' soil removal process with appropriate insulation and water management on the exterior of existing foundations at a low cost. Our approach was to explore existing excavation and material technologies and systems to discover whether potential successful combinations existed.

  14. Baumgarten‘s foundation of modern aesthetics

    OpenAIRE

    Grubor Nebojša

    2015-01-01

    The paper explains Baumgarten’s foundation of modern aesthetics as the science of sensible cognition. The paper first examines mentalistic paradigm in modern philosophy as an intellectual background of Baumgarten’s philosophy and aesthetics (I). This is followed by consideration of Baumgarten’s definitions of aesthetics from Philosophical meditations of pertaining to some matters concerning poetry (1735), Metaphysics (1739) and Aesthetics (1750) (II). Final...

  15. Foundation of statistical energy analysis in vibroacoustics

    CERN Document Server

    Le Bot, A

    2015-01-01

    This title deals with the statistical theory of sound and vibration. The foundation of statistical energy analysis is presented in great detail. In the modal approach, an introduction to random vibration with application to complex systems having a large number of modes is provided. For the wave approach, the phenomena of propagation, group speed, and energy transport are extensively discussed. Particular emphasis is given to the emergence of diffuse field, the central concept of the theory.

  16. Foundations of a Universal Theory of Relativity

    OpenAIRE

    Wagh, Sanjay M

    2005-01-01

    Earlier, we had presented \\cite{heuristic} heuristic arguments to show that a {\\em natural unification} of the ideas of the quantum theory and those underlying the general principle of relativity is achievable by way of the measure theory and the theory of dynamical systems. Here, in Part I, we provide the complete physical foundations for this, to be called, the {\\em Universal Theory of Relativity}. Newton's theory and the special theory of relativity arise, situationally, in this Universal ...

  17. The Institutional Foundations of China's Market Transition

    OpenAIRE

    Yingyi Qian

    1999-01-01

    April 1999 This paper intends to properly account for China's two decades of market transition by examining its institutional foundations. The journey of transition is analyzed as a two-stage process. In the first stage (1978-93), the system was reformed to unleash the standard forces of incentives, hard budget constraints, and competition, but the underlying institutional forms and mechanisms are far from conventional: reforming government through regional decentralization; entry and expansi...

  18. Competition in generation: The economic foundations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper sets out the economic foundations that underlie competitive markets in electricity generation. It moves from a general formulation of a competitive market to discuss traditional models of optimal electricity pricing. It shows how an auction market can produce the same results and discusses the option of bilateral trading. Models of market power, which can lead to higher prices and reduced efficiency, are then discussed. The final part of the paper deals with network effects

  19. Colwell tapped for National Scince Foundation post

    Science.gov (United States)

    Showstack, Randy

    President Clinton has announced his intent to nominate Rita Colwell as deputy director of the National Science Foundation.Colwell, president of the University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute and a professor of microbiology at the university, has been active in national and international research and teaching in the areas of marine biotechnology and the molecular genetics of marine and estuarine bacteria, including the microbiology of the Chesapeake Bay.

  20. OF THE SLAB-PILE FOUNDATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ter-Martirosyan ZavenGrigorevich

    2012-10-01

    It is proven that the above properties produce a substantial impact onto the stress-strain state of soils that interact with the pile and the grid, and the impact values make it possible to assess the rigidity of the slab-pile foundation that is needed to solve the problems of the multiplicity of piles as well as the problems of distribution of the total load between the piles and the grid.

  1. Formal Foundations for Networking (Dagstuhl Seminar 15071)

    OpenAIRE

    Bjorner, Nikolaj; Foster, Nate; Godfrey, Philip Brighten; Zave, Pamela

    2015-01-01

    This report documents the program and outcomes of Dagstuhl Seminar 15071 "Formal Foundations for Networking." Networking is in the midst of a revolution being driven by rapidly expanding infrastructures and emerging software-defined networking architectures. There is a growing need for tools and methodologies that provide rigorous guarantees about performance, reliability, and security. This seminar brought together leading researchers and practitioners from the fields of formal methods, netw...

  2. Quantitative graph theory mathematical foundations and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Dehmer, Matthias

    2014-01-01

    The first book devoted exclusively to quantitative graph theory, Quantitative Graph Theory: Mathematical Foundations and Applications presents and demonstrates existing and novel methods for analyzing graphs quantitatively. Incorporating interdisciplinary knowledge from graph theory, information theory, measurement theory, and statistical techniques, this book covers a wide range of quantitative-graph theoretical concepts and methods, including those pertaining to real and random graphs such as:Comparative approaches (graph similarity or distance)Graph measures to characterize graphs quantitat

  3. Stochastic relations foundations for Markov transition systems

    CERN Document Server

    Doberkat, Ernst-Erich

    2007-01-01

    Collecting information previously scattered throughout the vast literature, including the author's own research, Stochastic Relations: Foundations for Markov Transition Systems develops the theory of stochastic relations as a basis for Markov transition systems. After an introduction to the basic mathematical tools from topology, measure theory, and categories, the book examines the central topics of congruences and morphisms, applies these to the monoidal structure, and defines bisimilarity and behavioral equivalence within this framework. The author views developments from the general

  4. Evolutionary foundations of cooperation and group cohesion

    OpenAIRE

    Frank, Steven A.

    2011-01-01

    In biology, the evolution of increasingly cooperative groups has shaped the history of life. Genes collaborate in the control of cells; cells efficiently divide tasks to produce cohesive multicellular individuals; individual members of insect colonies cooperate in integrated societies. Biological cooperation provides a foundation on which to understand human behavior. Conceptually, the economics of efficient allocation and the game-like processes of strategy are well understood in biology; we...

  5. Foundations of Decision Analysis: Along the Way

    OpenAIRE

    Peter C. Fishburn

    1989-01-01

    This paper offers a personal perspective on the development of decision theory and related subjects during the past half century. It first reviews six milestones in the foundations of decision analysis that are associated with Frank P. Ramsey, John von Neumann and Oskar Morgenstern, Leonard J. Savage, Maurice Allais and Ward Edwards, West Churchman and Russell Ackoff, and Kenneth Arrow. It then gives a personal account of further developments over the past 30 years in linear utility theory, s...

  6. FOUNDATIONS OF THE NEW SOUTH AFRICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E.N. De Agrela

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available As a history teacher to Forms 4 and 5 (Standard 9 and 10, John Pampallis found that "a pressing need for a general textbook to cover the South African section of our syllabus" existed. Pampallis set out to document the history of South Africa and the fruits of his labour emerged in the form of his book Foundations of the New South Africa which is written from refreshingly different perspective.

  7. A logical foundation for the semantic Web

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHI Zhongzhi; DONG Mingkai; JIANG Yuncheng; ZHANG Haijun

    2005-01-01

    The current research progresses and problems of the semantic Web are analyzed in this paper, and the insufficiency of using description logic to act as logical foundation for the semantic Web is analyzed too. According to the characteristics and requirement of the semantic Web, a kind of new dynamic description logic (DDL) framework is presented. The representation and reasoning of static knowledge and dynamic knowledge are integrated in this framework. Especially, a kind of action description method is proposed, and according to description logic theory, the action semantics is described, so DDL is a kind of formal logical framework which can process static knowledge and dynamic knowledge. The DDL has clear and formally defined semantics. It provides decidable reasoning services, and it can support effective representation and reasoning of the static knowledge, dynamic process and running mechanism (realization and subsumption relation of action). Therefore, the DDL provides reasonable logic foundation for the semantic Web, and overcomes the insufficiency of using description logic to act as logical foundation for the semantic Web.

  8. Complex Adaptive Systems of Systems (CASoS) engineering and foundations for global design.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brodsky, Nancy S.; Finley, Patrick D.; Beyeler, Walter Eugene; Brown, Theresa Jean; Linebarger, John Michael; Moore, Thomas W.; Glass, Robert John, Jr.; Maffitt, S. Louise; Mitchell, Michael David; Ames, Arlo Leroy

    2012-01-01

    Complex Adaptive Systems of Systems, or CASoS, are vastly complex ecological, sociological, economic and/or technical systems which must be recognized and reckoned with to design a secure future for the nation and the world. Design within CASoS requires the fostering of a new discipline, CASoS Engineering, and the building of capability to support it. Towards this primary objective, we created the Phoenix Pilot as a crucible from which systemization of the new discipline could emerge. Using a wide range of applications, Phoenix has begun building both theoretical foundations and capability for: the integration of Applications to continuously build common understanding and capability; a Framework for defining problems, designing and testing solutions, and actualizing these solutions within the CASoS of interest; and an engineering Environment required for 'the doing' of CASoS Engineering. In a secondary objective, we applied CASoS Engineering principles to begin to build a foundation for design in context of Global CASoS

  9. Dr. William C. Harris, Director-General, Science Foundation Ireland

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2002-01-01

    Photo 01: Dr William C. Harris, Director-General, Science Foundation Ireland (left) with R. Cashmore. Photos 02, 03: Dr William C. Harris, Director-General, Science Foundation Ireland signing the CERN guest book with R. Cashmore.

  10. The Application of Foundation Pit Monitoring Technology to the Excavation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiu Jin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The foundation pit monitoring plays an important role in the foundation pit supporting projects especially in those deep foundation pit projects. Through the whole monitoring of the foundation pit construction from the excavation to the backfill, we can learn about the forcing and deforming process of the foundation pit supporting system, and grasp the impact of external condition changes on the foundation pit. This paper takes a project in Jinan as an example to establish a specific monitoring program, and then conducts the analysis and evaluation of the monitoring data; the real-time grasp of the foundation pit deformation and internal force changes can help to further ensure the security status of the foundation pit, thus better guiding the construction.

  11. The design of foundation treatment measures for dams on Karst foundations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Donnelly, C.R.; Hinchberger, S. [Hatch Energy, Niagara Falls, ON (Canada); Mohammadian, E. [Dezab Consulting Engineers, Abwaz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2009-10-01

    In order to be effective, foundation treatment measures for dams must consider the site-specific problems of individual dam sites. This article discussed foundation treatment measures for the Kavar Dam located on a karst foundation in a mountainous region near the city of Shiraz in Iran. The bedrock geology consists of a highly permeable limestone, while the overburden consists of lacustrine materials flanked by slopewash. Modern practices for treating karsitic foundations require a means of reducing seepage as well as techniques to prevent the dissolution of soluble materials in order to ensure that the foundation has sufficient capacity to resist post impoundment loadings without excessive settlement. A surficial impervious surface membrane was used to reduce the reliance on grouting. The membrane was a 120 mm thick silica fume reinforced shot-crete membrane anchored into the slope. A gypsum surcharge was installed upstream of the dam to cause water seeping through the fill to become saturated with dissolved gypsum at concentrations close to the solubility limit. 10 refs., 2 tabs., 8 figs.

  12. The Well Tempered Building; A Music Conservatory

    OpenAIRE

    Shipp, Sarah

    2004-01-01

    To Bach, the Circle of Fifths was the language of the universe. Similar to the constellations used to understand the sky, the Circle of Fifths is a visualization device to understand the fundamental concepts of key signatures, which are the foundation for music. The Circle of Fifths is a guide for writing music because its structure helps compose and harmonize melodies, build chords, and move to different keys within a composition. The Octave is the most significant key signature because...

  13. Looking Forward: American Foundations between Continuity and Change

    OpenAIRE

    Hammack, David; Helmut K. Anheier

    2010-01-01

    Foundations play an essential part in the philanthropic activity that defines so much of American life. No other nation provides its foundations with so much autonomy and freedom of action as does the United States. Liberated both from the daily discipline of the market and from direct control by government, American foundations understandably attract great attention. As David Hammack and Helmut Anheier note in this volume, "Americans have criticized foundations for... their alleged conservat...

  14. American Foundations: Their Roles and Contributions in Society

    OpenAIRE

    Helmut K. Anheier

    2011-01-01

    Foundations play an essential part in the philanthropic activity that defines so much of American life. No other nation provides its foundations with so much autonomy and freedom of action as does the United States. Liberated both from the daily discipline of the market and from direct control by government, American foundations understandably attract great attention. As David Hammack and Helmut Anheier note in this volume, “Americans have criticized foundations for . . . their alleged conser...

  15. Probability and sensitivity analysis of machine foundation and soil interaction

    OpenAIRE

    Králik J., jr.; Králik J.

    2009-01-01

    This paper deals with the possibility of the sensitivity and probabilistic analysis of the reliability of the machine foundation depending on variability of the soil stiffness, structure geometry and compressor operation. The requirements to design of the foundation under rotating machines increased due to development of calculation method and computer tools. During the structural design process, an engineer has to consider problems of the soil-foundation and foundation-machine interaction fr...

  16. Towards ontological foundations for agent modeling concepts using UFO

    OpenAIRE

    Guizzardi, Giancarlo; Wagner, Gerd

    2005-01-01

    Foundational ontologies provide the basic concepts upon which any domain-specific ontology is built. This paper presents a new foundational ontology, UFO, and shows how it can be used as a foundation of agent concepts and for evaluating agent-oriented modeling methods. UFO is derived from a synthesis of two other foundational ontologies, GFO/GOL and OntoClean/DOLCE. While their main areas of application are the natural sciences and linguistics/cognitive engineering, respectively, the main pur...

  17. Practical Soil-Shallow Foundation Model for Nonlinear Structural Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Moussa Leblouba; Salah Al Toubat; Muhammad Ekhlasur Rahman; Omer Mugheida

    2016-01-01

    Soil-shallow foundation interaction models that are incorporated into most structural analysis programs generally lack accuracy and efficiency or neglect some aspects of foundation behavior. For instance, soil-shallow foundation systems have been observed to show both small and large loops under increasing amplitude load reversals. This paper presents a practical macroelement model for soil-shallow foundation system and its stability under simultaneous horizontal and vertical loads. The model...

  18. Finance and society : On the foundations of corporate social responsibility

    OpenAIRE

    Liang, Hao

    2015-01-01

    This thesis consists of six chapters. The first four chapters explore different foundations of CSR. Chapter 1 studies the legal and institutional foundations of CSR around the world. Chapter 2 studies the agency foundations of CSR, with a focus on whether CSR should be regarded as an agency problem or value-enhancing tool. Chapter 3 studies the ownership foundations of CSR by investigating the role of family ownership and state ownership in driving corporate shareholder-stakeholder relationsh...

  19. Towards ontological foundations for agent modeling concepts using UFO

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Guizzardi, Giancarlo; Wagner, Gerd

    2005-01-01

    Foundational ontologies provide the basic concepts upon which any domain-specific ontology is built. This paper presents a new foundational ontology, UFO, and shows how it can be used as a foundation of agent concepts and for evaluating agent-oriented modeling methods. UFO is derived from a synthesi

  20. Wave Run-Up on Offshore Windturbine Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frigaard, Peter; De Vos, Leen

    2005-01-01

    investigating run-up heights and run-up distribution on different offshore windturbine foundations due to regular and irregular waves. The influence of wave steepness, wave height and water depth on the run-up on a monopile foundation is investigated. The run-up on a cone foundation is compared with the run...