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Sample records for breast cyst

  1. Pathological Panorama of Breast Cysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smita Sankaye

    2014-06-01

    Results: Out of the 72 cases that were diagnosed to be cystic breast lesions clinically or on sonomammography, 64 were found to be benign and 08 were found to be malignant on FNAC. Retrospective imaging correlation of the 08 cystic cases revealed that they were of complex cystic nature and had either thick septae( 03, solid areas (04 or dense contents (01 within. This internal nature of cystic lesions that were found to be malignant on FNAC was not identifiable by clinical palpation alone. None of the lesions diagnosed as simple cystic lesion on sonomammography was found to be malignant on FNAC. Conclusions: FNAC is a satisfactory technique for the primary categorization of palpable cystic breast lumps into benign and malignant categories. Cystic breast lesions are more commonly benign than malignant. Palpation alone cannot identify the simple or complex nature of any palpable cystic lesion and hence sonomammography and ultrasound guided FNAC are indicated in complex cystic lesions of breast. [Cukurova Med J 2014; 39(3.000: 458-463

  2. Ovarian cysts in women receiving tamoxifen for breast cancer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mourits, MJE; de Vries, EGE; Willemse, PHB; ten Hoor, KA; Hollema, H; Sluiter, WJ; de Bruijn, HWA; van der Zee, AGJ

    1999-01-01

    Tamoxifen is a nonsteroidal anti-oestrogen with gynaecological side-effects. Only recently, ovarian cyst formation during tamoxifen treatment has been reported. The present study aimed to evaluate patient-related parameters that determine ovarian cyst formation in women using tamoxifen for breast ca

  3. Preoperative diagnosis of hydatid cyst of the breast: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Alamer, Ali; Aldhilan, Asim; Makanjuola, Dorothy; Alkushi, Abdulmohsen

    2013-01-01

    Hydatid cyst of the breast is endemic in some areas like sheep-raising countries. The location of the disease is mostly in the liver and lungs. We presents a case of 66-year-old female with hydatid cyst of the breast diagnosed pre-operatively by core needle biopsy. Complete radiology workup are also provided which includes mammography, ultrasound, and computed tomography images. Hydatid cyst of the breast is extremely rare even in endemic areas, its only accounts for 0.27% of all cases. Only ...

  4. Epidermal cyst of the breast treated by vacuum-assisted biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamaguchi, Toshiyuki; Ojima, Norihiro; Hayashi, Masahiro; Komatsu, Nobuo; Hashimoto, Shin-Ichi; Koyama, Masamichi

    2013-01-01

    A 38-year-old woman presented for evaluation of a firm mass (measuring 20 × 20 mm) in the upper outer quadrant of her left breast. On the basis of the clinical and radiologic findings, we diagnosed a benign breast tumor and scheduled removal by a hand-held vacuum-assisted biopsy device (VABD) under ultrasonographic guidance. Because the first specimen removed from the tumor was white, flaky, and waxy material, we strongly suspected that the lesion was an epidermal cyst. We continued VABD treatment until the tumor was invisible on real-time ultrasonography. Histologic examination demonstrated that the tumor was composed of mature stratified squamous epithelium and laminated layers of keratin, findings consistent with a diagnosis of epidermal cyst. These cysts rarely occur in the breast and are sometimes difficult to distinguish from breast cancer. To our knowledge, this is the first report of an epidermal cyst treated by VABD. PMID:23438279

  5. Appearance of breast cysts in planar geometry photoacoustic mammography using 1064-nm excitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heijblom, Michelle; Piras, Daniele; Maartens, Erik; Huisman, Erik J. J.; van den Engh, Frank M.; Klaase, Joost M.; Steenbergen, Wiendelt; Manohar, Srirang

    2013-12-01

    In the search for improved imaging modalities for detection and diagnosis of breast cancer, a high negative prediction value is also important. Photoacoustic (optoacoustic) imaging is a relatively new technique that has high potential for visualizing breast malignancies, but little is known about the photoacoustic appearance of benign lesions. In this work, we investigate the visibility of benign breast cysts in forward-mode photoacoustic mammography using 1064-nm light, as currently applied in the Twente photoacoustic mammoscope. Results from (Monte Carlo and k-wave) simulations and phantom measurements were used to interpret results from patient measurements. There was a strong agreement among the results from simulations, phantom, and patient measurements. Depending on the absorption contrast between cyst and breast tissue, cysts were visible as either one or two confined high-contrast areas representing the front and the back of the cyst, respectively. This edge enhancement is most likely the consequence of the local sudden change in the absorbed energy density and Grüneisen coefficients. Although the current forward-mode single-wavelength photoacoustic mammoscope cannot always unambiguously discriminate cysts from malignancies, this study reveals specific features of cysts compared to malignancies, which can be exploited for discrimination of the two abnormalities in future modifications of the imager.

  6. Measurement of breast-tissue x-ray attenuation by spectral mammography: first results on cyst fluid

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Knowledge of x-ray attenuation is essential for developing and evaluating x-ray imaging technologies. For instance, techniques to better characterize cysts at mammography screening would be highly desirable to reduce recalls, but the development is hampered by the lack of attenuation data for cysts. We have developed a method to measure x-ray attenuation of tissue samples using a prototype photon-counting spectral mammography unit. The method was applied to measure the attenuation of 50 samples of breast cyst fluid and 50 samples of water. Spectral (energy-resolved) images of the samples were acquired and the image signal was mapped to equivalent thicknesses of two known reference materials, which can be used to derive the x-ray attenuation as a function of energy. The attenuation of cyst fluid was found to be significantly different from water. There was a relatively large natural spread between different samples of cyst fluid, whereas the homogeneity of each individual sample was found to be good; the variation within samples did not reach above the quantum noise floor. The spectral method proved stable between several measurements on the same sample. Further, chemical analysis and elemental attenuation calculation were used to validate the spectral measurement on a subset of the samples. The two methods agreed within the precision of the elemental attenuation calculation over the mammographic energy range. (paper)

  7. Fat Necrosis and Oil Cysts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Granular cell tumors Fat necrosis and oil cysts Mastitis Duct ectasia Other non-cancerous breast conditions Summary ... References Previous Topic Granular cell tumors Next Topic Mastitis Fat necrosis and oil cysts Fat necrosis happens ...

  8. Tarlov Cysts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Awards Enhancing Diversity Find People About NINDS NINDS Tarlov Cysts Information Page Synonym(s): Perineural Cysts, Sacral Nerve Root ... research is being done? Clinical Trials What are Tarlov Cysts? Tarlov cysts are sacs filled with cerebrospinal fluid ...

  9. Ovarian Cyst

    Science.gov (United States)

    MENU Return to Web version Ovarian Cyst Overview What is an ovarian cyst? An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac in or on the ovary. There are several types of ovarian cysts. Many ovarian cysts are noncancerous cysts that ...

  10. Breast

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ultrasound is not an efficacious screening modality to detect early-stage breast malignancy in a clinically unremarkable population of women. Computed body tomography is similarly not practical for screening because of slice thickness and partial volume averaging, a higher radiation dose than modern mammography, and the lack of availability of such units for such a high throughput requirement. Nevertheless, these two imaging modalities can be very useful in management to guide the least invasive and efficacious treatment of the patient. X-ray mammography remains the principal imaging modality in the search for breast malignancy, but ultrasound is the single most important second study in the diagnostic evaluation of the breast. The combined use of these techniques and the ability to perform guided aspiration and localization procedures can result in a reduction in the surgical removal of benign cysts and reduction in the amount of tissue volume required if excision becomes necessary

  11. Ovarian Cysts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... new cysts. A health problem that may involve ovarian cysts is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Women with ... male hormones, irregular or no periods and small ovarian cysts. Dept. of Health and Human Services Office ...

  12. Ganglion Cysts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... a Hand Therapist? Media Find a Hand Surgeon Ganglion Cysts Email to a friend * required fields From * ... in to name and customize your collection. DESCRIPTION Ganglion cysts are very common lumps within the hand ...

  13. Application of vacuum-assisted Mammotome system in minimally invasive surgery for breast cysts%真空辅助抽吸旋切系统在乳腺囊肿微创诊治中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董华英; 王伟; 汤鹏; 钟晓捷; 吴诚义

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical application value of stereotactic or ultrasound‐guided vacuum‐assisted Mammotome(MMT) system in minimally invasive surgery for breast cysts .Methods 32 patients with breast cysts in the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from January 2012 to December 2013 were performed the MMT excision and 67 lesions were resected .The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed .Re‐sults Among 32 cases of breast cysts ,67 lesions were removed by MMT .Postoperative pathological examination re‐vealed cystic hyperplasia in 56 lesions ,breast cystic hyperplasia accompanying fibroadenoma formation in 7 lesions ,a‐typical hyperplasia in 2 lesions and breast cancer in 2 lesions .2 cases of breast cancer were taken appropriate and timely surgical treatment .The wound of other patients was healed well without obvious scar and breast deformation . Conclusion The MMT surgery is a minimally invasive ,safe and efficient method for the excision of breast cysts , which can be used to diagnose precancerous lesions of breast and breast cancer ,but the indications for surgery must be strictly controlled .%目的:探讨麦默通真空辅助抽吸旋切系统(MMT)在微创诊治乳腺囊肿中的临床应用价值。方法回顾性分析2012年1月至2013年12月重庆医科大学附属第一医院收治的行MMT 切除的乳腺囊肿患者32例,共切除67个病灶。结果32例患者的67处病灶均采用MMT 切除,术后病理结果提示囊性增生症病灶56个,乳腺囊性增生伴纤维腺瘤形成7个,不典型增生2个,乳腺癌2个。2例乳腺癌患者及时行手术治疗,其他患者术后伤口愈合良好,无明显手术瘢痕,乳房无变形。结论 MMT 切除乳腺囊肿具有简单安全、微创美观等特点,可发现乳腺癌前病变和乳腺癌,但需要严格控制手术适应证。

  14. Transient sexual precocity and ovarian cysts.

    OpenAIRE

    Lyon, A. J.; de Bruyn, R; Grant, D B

    1985-01-01

    Nine girls presenting under the age of 7 years with unsustained sexual precocity are described. Large ovarian cysts were detected by ultrasound in three and laparotomy in one. In two girls the symptoms resolved after surgical removal of the cyst; the other seven had spontaneous remission of symptoms, but in two of these transient breast development and bleeding recurred: further ovarian cyst formation was found in one of these patients. Endocrine studies performed before resolution of the cys...

  15. [Tailgut cysts].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vega Menéndez, Daniel; Quintáns Rodríguez, Antonio; Hernández Granados, Pilar; Nevado Santos, Manuel; García Sabrido, José Luis; Rueda Orgaz, José Antonio; Ochando, Federico; Ojeda Pérez, Felipe; Loinaz, Carmelo

    2008-02-01

    Retrorectal cystic hamartomas (tailgut cysts) are rare congenital lesions thought to arise from remnants of the embryonic postanal gut. They predominantly occur as asymptomatic retrorectal multicystic masses in women. The treatment of choice is by complete surgical excision. The most important complications of these cysts are infection with a secondary fistula and malignant degeneration. The differential diagnosis includes a wide variety of conditions that occur in the retrorectal space. In this article, 3 cases showing different surgical technical aspects of treatment are presented. In addition, the aetiopathogenic features and histopathological appearance, clinical presentation and complications, imaging features and differential diagnosis of tailgut cysts are described. PMID:18261408

  16. Adrenal Cyst Presenting as Hepatic Hydatid Cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Abdulla Darwish; Veena Nagaraj; Mohmmed B. Mustafa; Ahmed Al Ansari

    2013-01-01

    Introduction. Although adrenal cysts are uncommon, the incidence rate is increasing with the advances in radiological technologies. The incidental detection of adrenal cysts nowadays has become more frequent as a result of the increase usage of high quality imaging modalities. Adrenal cysts originate from the adrenal gland and can be classified into either true or pseudocyst. Presentation of Case. In this report, we described an adrenal cyst of endothelial type, in a 30-year-old lady who was ...

  17. Lumbar Intraspinal Extradural Ganglion Cysts

    OpenAIRE

    Cho, Sung Min; Rhee, Woo Tack; Choi, Soo Jung; Eom, Dae Woon

    2009-01-01

    The lumbar intraspinal epidural ganglion cyst has been a rare cause of the low back pain or leg pain. Ganglion cysts and synovial cysts compose the juxtafacet cysts. Extensive studies have been performed about the synovial cysts, however, very little has been known about the ganglion cyst. Current report is about two ganglion cysts associated with implicative findings in young male patients. We discuss about the underlying pathology of the ganglion cyst based on intraoperative evidences, asso...

  18. Pilonidal cyst resection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pilonidal abscess; Pilonidal dimple; Pilonidal disease; Pilonidal cyst; Pilonidal sinus ... An infected pilonidal cyst or abscess requires surgical drainage. It will not heal with antibiotic medicines. If you continue to have infections, ...

  19. Beware the Tarlov cyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirst, Jane E; Torode, Hugh; Sears, William; Cousins, Michael J

    2009-01-01

    Tarlov cysts are sacral perineural cysts. This case report describes the clinical course after biopsy of a very large Tarlov cyst via laparoscopy, which was thought preoperatively to be an adnexal mass. It serves as a warning against attempting biopsy or resection of these lesions. PMID:19110185

  20. Evaluation of Adipokines, Inflammatory Markers, and Sex Hormones in Simple and Complex Breast Cysts’ Fluid

    OpenAIRE

    Paweł Madej; Grzegorz Franik; Piotr Kurpas; Aleksander Owczarek; Jerzy Chudek; Magdalena Olszanecka-Glinianowicz

    2016-01-01

    Objective. The aim of the study was to analyze the association between levels of adipokines in the breast cyst fluid and in the circulation in relation to the type of cysts. Material and Measurements. A cross-sectional study involved 86 women with breast cysts (42 with simple cysts and 44 with complex cysts). Plasma and breast cyst fluid leptin, adiponectin, visfatin/NAMPT, resistin, TNF-α, and IL-6 levels, in addition to serum levels of estradiol, progesterone and prolactin, and anthropometr...

  1. Bilateral retinal cyst accompanying with renal and thyroidal multiorgan cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Amber Şenel; Rıfat Rasier; Alper Şengül; Erdal Yüzbaşıoğlu; Özgür Artunay; Halil Bahçecioğlu

    2011-01-01

    Although retinal cysts are commonly seen in von Hippel Lindau syndrome, bilateral retinal cysts can occasionally appear unrelated to this syndrome. Retinal cysts can be confused with retinal tumours and infectious diseases of retina. In this report we represent a patient demonstrating bilateral retinal cyst accompanying with renal and thyroidal multiorgan cysts without Von-Hippel Lindau syndrome.

  2. Bilateral lateral periodontal cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Govil, Somya; Gupta, Vishesh; Misra, Neeta; Misra, Pradyumna

    2013-01-01

    The bilateral lateral periodontal cyst is a rare nasological entity, which despite clinical and radiological presentation is being diagnosed by histological characteristics. It is asymptomatic in nature and is observed in routine radiography. The aim and objective of this article is to present a rare case of bilateral lateral periodontal cyst in a 14-year-old child. The clinical and radiographical findings, along with its management have been discussed. Enucleation of bilateral cyst without e...

  3. Hemorrhagic Lumbar Synovial Cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Park, Hyun Seok; Sim, Hong Bo; Kwon, Soon Chan; Park, Jun Bum

    2012-01-01

    Synovial cysts of the lumbar spine are an uncommon cause of back and radicular pain. These cysts most frequently present as back pain, followed by chronic progressive radiculopathy or gradual onset of symptoms secondary to spinal canal compromise. Although less common, they can also present with acute spinal cord or root compression symptoms. We report of a case in which hemorrhaging into a right L2-3 facet synovial cyst caused an acute onset of back pain and radiculopathy, requiring surgical...

  4. Daughter cyst sign

    OpenAIRE

    Randazzo, William Thoburn; Franco, Arie; Hoossainy, Saudiqa; Lewis, Kristopher Neal

    2012-01-01

    The daughter cyst sign is a specific indicator of an uncomplicated ovarian cyst and pathologically represents a stimulated ovarian follicle. This finding must be differentiated from an ectopic pregnancy in a patient who has the potential to become pregnant. We report an uncomplicated ovarian cyst in a 3-year-old female with McCune-Albright syndrome and precocious puberty mimicking an ectopic pregnancy.

  5. Intravesical hydatid cyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sallami, Sataa; Nouira, Yassine; Kallel, Yousri; Gargouri, Mourad; Horchani, Ali

    2005-11-01

    A case of intravesical hydatid cyst is reported. The cyst was completely evacuated cystoscopically with intravesical instillation of a scolicidal agent (hydrogen peroxide) to destroy scolices and daughter cysts. The postoperative course was uneventful, and follow-up did not show evidence of recurrence. Because this is the first case, to our knowledge, to be reported, little is known about the nonoperative management of such hydatid localization. A recommendation is made, however, to adopt this minimally invasive procedure. PMID:16286147

  6. Hydatid cyst of mediastinum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sehgal S

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of hydatid cyst of the mediastinum in a 32-year-old female patient who was admitted with chest pain. CT scan reported posterior mediastinal mass towards the right side. Surgical exploration revealed a loculated cyst in posterior mediastinum on the right side, adherent to the overlying lung and underlying bone. Posterolateral thoracotomy was performed for cyst aspiration and excision. The patient was discharged on albendazole.

  7. Subcutaneous bronchogenic cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivek Manchanda

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Bronchogenic cysts occur due to the anomalous development of the primitive tracheobronchial tree early in fetal life. They are usually present in middle mediastinum. Rarely, they have been found in other locations. We describe two patients with subcutaneous bronchogenic cysts located over manubrium sterni with special emphasis on the difficulties in pre-operative diagnosis. The two boys were managed by complete excision of the cysts. The children are well on follow-up.

  8. Diagnosis and management of simple ovarian cysts: an audit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Simple ovarian cysts are common. The aim of clinical management is to optimize the treatment of malignant and premalignant cysts while minimizing intervention for cysts likely to resolve spontaneously. In this retrospective study, ovarian cysts over 30 mm in diameter were detected in 90 women. Of this population, 75 were premenopausal, 13 postmenopausal, and two had undergone a hysterectomy. Thirteen women presented acutely. Family history of breast, ovary or colon cancer was not ascertained in any of the women. None had CA125 levels performed. In 22 cases, the cyst was aspirated; only 10 of these had follow-up ultrasound. Laparotomy was performed in 25 premenopausal women, the two perimenopausal women and eight postmenopausal women. Average cyst size was 71 mm (range 40-80 mm) in the laparoscopy group, and 72 mm (range 36-180 mm) in the laparotomy group. After initial diagnosis at ultrasound, a follow-up scan was performed 4-16 weeks later. The final diagnosis was ovarian neoplasm in 13 and hydrosalpinx in two. None had a malignancy. Documentation at ultrasound was often inadequate, and management of the women with an ovarian cyst was haphazard. Guidelines on management of simple ovarian cysts are likely to improve clinical practice. Copyright (2005) Blackwell Science Pty Ltd

  9. Semimembranosus ganglion cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Ananthi Kumarasamy, Suba; Kannadath, Bijun Sai; Soundamourthy, Sandosh; Subramanian, Aruna; Sankappa P Sinhasan; Ramachandra V. Bhat

    2014-01-01

    Ganglion cysts are tumor-like lesions in the soft tissues, generated by mucoid degeneration of the joint capsule, tendon or tendon sheaths on the dorsum of hand, wrist and foot. However, an intratendinous origin for a ganglion cyst is extremely rare. During dissection of the popliteal fossa, a cyst of 2.5 cm×2 cm×0.5 cm was observed in the tendon of right semimembranosus, 3.5 cm above the insertion of the muscle. Contrast X-ray revealed the cyst as not communicating with the knee joint or any...

  10. Simple Kidney Cysts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... ended or closed at one end; some newer machines are designed to allow the person to lie in a more open space. Like CT scans, MRIs can show cysts and tumors. [ Top ] How are simple kidney cysts treated? Treatment is not needed for ...

  11. Penile Epidermal Inclusion Cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. El-Shazly

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of epidermal inclusion cyst in a 32-year-old male. This was a complication of circumcision that was neglected over years to form stones and urethrocutaneous fistula. Complete excision of the cyst and repair of the fistula were performed successfully. Histopathological examination confirmed our diagnosis.

  12. Simple Kidney Cysts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... cysts do not enlarge the kidneys, replace their normal structure, or cause reduced kidney function like cysts do in people with PKD. ... the kidneys and what do they do? The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, each about the size of a fist. They are located near the ...

  13. Epidermoid cyst post dermofasciectomy.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Henry, Francis P

    2010-01-01

    We report the finding of an unusual presentation of an epidermoid cyst 3 years following dermofasciectomy for Dupuytren\\'s disease. Epidermoid cysts remain a rare entity in the palmoplanter distribution but also a very unusual finding within the confines of a full thickness skin graft.

  14. Management of ovarian cysts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Ulla Breth; Tabor, Ann; Mosgaard, Berit Jul;

    2004-01-01

    . METHODS: Articles concerning ovarian cysts from a medline literature search during the period 1985-2003 were included in addition to articles found as references in the initial publications. RESULTS: Different methods for discriminating between benign and malignant ovarian cysts are discussed. The...... diagnosis and the treatment are assessed in relation to age, menopausal status, pregnancy, and whether the cyst is presumed to be benign or malignant. In general, expectant management is the choice in premenopausal and pregnant women with non-suspicious cysts and normal levels of CA-125. In postmenopausal...... findings. CONCLUSIONS: The preoperative discrimination between benign and malignant ovarian cysts is a challenge. Multimodal methods improve the results of single modalities, but we still need improved preoperative diagnostic tools. Furthermore, these methods should be validated in consecutive patient...

  15. Imaging of tailgut cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shetty, Anup S; Loch, Ronald; Yoo, Naomi; Mellnick, Vincent; Fowler, Kathryn; Narra, Vamsi

    2015-10-01

    Tailgut cysts are congenital lesions that arise from the primitive hindgut in the true embryonic tail but fail to regress during gestation. These lesions are rare and more frequently encountered later in life and more commonly in women, and are the most common primary retrorectal tumor. Tailgut cysts may be asymptomatic or cause rectal bleeding, pain, or symptoms related to mass effect on the rectum or bladder. Pathologically, tailgut cysts are typically multilocular, lined with a variety of epithelial cell types, and are most frequently benign. Imaging is the linchpin of diagnosis due risks associated with biopsy. The purpose of this pictorial review is to present the spectrum of imaging findings associated with tailgut cysts on CT and MRI with focus on the use of advanced MRI and diffusion-weighted imaging. We present case examples of tailgut cysts, their CT and MR imaging findings, and diagnostic and management considerations. PMID:26017036

  16. Oesophageal duplication cyst mimicking hydatid cyst in endemic areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akin, Melih; Yildiz, Abdullah; Karadag, Cetin Ali; Sever, Nihat; Dokucu, Ali Ihsan

    2015-01-01

    The cystic appearance of both oesophageal duplications and pulmonary hydatid cysts can cause a misdiagnosis very easily due to rarity of cystic oesophageal duplications beside the higher incidence of hydatid cyst, especially in endemic areas. Here we report a 7-year-old girl with an oesophageal duplication cyst on the left side misdiagnosed as a hydatid cyst. The aim of the study is to report rare oesophageal duplications in the differential diagnosis of intrathoracic cysts. PMID:26702290

  17. Evaluation of Adipokines, Inflammatory Markers, and Sex Hormones in Simple and Complex Breast Cysts’ Fluid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paweł Madej

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The aim of the study was to analyze the association between levels of adipokines in the breast cyst fluid and in the circulation in relation to the type of cysts. Material and Measurements. A cross-sectional study involved 86 women with breast cysts (42 with simple cysts and 44 with complex cysts. Plasma and breast cyst fluid leptin, adiponectin, visfatin/NAMPT, resistin, TNF-α, and IL-6 levels, in addition to serum levels of estradiol, progesterone and prolactin, and anthropometric parameters and body composition (by bioimpedance method, were measured. Results. The levels of leptin, adiponectin, and resistin were significantly lower in breast cyst fluid than in plasma regardless of the cyst type. Contrarily, the levels of visfatin/NAMPT and TNF-α were significantly increased, and IL-6 levels were similar in the breast cyst fluid and plasma in both study groups. There was no correlation between corresponding levels of leptin, adiponectin, resistin, visfatin/NAMPT, TNF-α, and IL-6 in breast cyst fluid and plasma. Conclusions. Higher levels of visfatin/NAMPT and TNF-α in the fluid from simple and complex breast cysts than in plasma suggest that their local production is related to inflammation.

  18. Bilateral Testicular Epidermoid Cysts

    OpenAIRE

    Norman Loberant; Shweta Bhatt; Edward Messing; Dogra, Vikram S.

    2011-01-01

    Testicular epidermoid cysts are the most common benign tumors of the testes, but account for only 1-2% of all testicular tumors. In a young man presenting with a testicular mass, a high index of suspicion must be maintained for the malignant testicular germ cell tumor, which is 50-times more common than testicular epidermoid cyst. Bilateral testicular epidermoid cysts are a very rare condition, with only a few reports in the literature. It is extremely important in this condition to make a co...

  19. [Cysts of the liver

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hillingso, J.G.; Kirkegaard, P.

    2008-01-01

    guided drainage to resections and liver transplantation are discussed. It is concluded that up to 25% of cysts must be treated surgically, because recurrence after percutaneous or laparoscopic treatment is between 5% and 71%, and only resection or liver transplantation are curative Udgivelsesdato: 2008/4/14......Cysts of the liver are discovered in connection with a scope of diseases ranging from simple, infectious, or parasitic to neoplastic cysts. Symptoms, paraclinical, radiological and diagnostic characteristics are described with emphasis on ruling out malignancy. The treatment options from ultrasound...

  20. Benign Breast Problems and Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... are fibroadenomas? • How are fibroadenomas treated? • What is mastitis? • How is mastitis treated? • What should I do if I find ... Fibrocystic breast changes 2.Cysts 3.Fibroadenomas 4.Mastitis What are fibrocystic breast changes? Some women have ...

  1. Pancreas and cyst segmentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dmitriev, Konstantin; Gutenko, Ievgeniia; Nadeem, Saad; Kaufman, Arie

    2016-03-01

    Accurate segmentation of abdominal organs from medical images is an essential part of surgical planning and computer-aided disease diagnosis. Many existing algorithms are specialized for the segmentation of healthy organs. Cystic pancreas segmentation is especially challenging due to its low contrast boundaries, variability in shape, location and the stage of the pancreatic cancer. We present a semi-automatic segmentation algorithm for pancreata with cysts. In contrast to existing automatic segmentation approaches for healthy pancreas segmentation which are amenable to atlas/statistical shape approaches, a pancreas with cysts can have even higher variability with respect to the shape of the pancreas due to the size and shape of the cyst(s). Hence, fine results are better attained with semi-automatic steerable approaches. We use a novel combination of random walker and region growing approaches to delineate the boundaries of the pancreas and cysts with respective best Dice coefficients of 85.1% and 86.7%, and respective best volumetric overlap errors of 26.0% and 23.5%. Results show that the proposed algorithm for pancreas and pancreatic cyst segmentation is accurate and stable.

  2. Ovarian chocolate cysts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Accurate preoperative staging of ovarian chocolate cysts is very important because recent hormonal therapy has been effective in low stage patients. However, it has been difficult to assess the preoperative stage of ovarian chocolate cysts. We evaluated the diagnostic potential of MRI in preoperative staging of 15 overian chocolate cysts. It was well known that the older the ovarian chocolate cyst was the more iron content it had. We examined the iron contents effect on T1 and T2 relaxation times in surgically confirmed chocolate cysts (stage II: 3 cases, stage III: 3 cases and stage IV: 9 cases by AFS classification, 1985) employing the 0.15-T MR system and 200 MHz spectrometer. There was a positive linear relation between T1 of the lesion using the MR system (T1) and T1 of the resected contents using the spectrometer (sp-T1); r = 0.93. The same relation was revealed between T2 and sp-T2; r = 0.87. It was indicated that T1 and T2 using the MR system was accurate. There was a negative linear relation between T1 and the iron contents ( r = -0.81) but no relation between T2 and the iron contents. T1 was 412 ± 91 msec for stage II, 356 ± 126 msec for stage III and 208 ± 30 msec for stage IV. T1 for stage IV was shorter than that for stage II and III, statistically significant differences were noted (p < 0.05). Thus, T1 was useful in differentiating a fresh from an old ovarian chocolate cyst. We concluded that T1 relaxation time using the MR system was useful for the staging of an ovarian chocolate cyst without surgery. (author)

  3. THYROGLOSSAL DUCT CYST

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Târcoveanu

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available The thyroglossal duct cyst (TDC results from a failure in obliterating the embryogenic duct produced during thyroid migration and it represents the most common type of developmental cyst encountered in the neck region. Ectopic thyroid tissue neoplasias are rare, and even rarer when associated with the TDC. Methods: During the period 1998-2008, in the First Surgical Clinic, University Hospital “St. Spiridon” Iasi, 14 patients with thyroglossal duct cyst were diagnosed and treated. All records were reviewed for age and sex, diagnostic methods, sizes, surgical management and recurrences. Results: All patients with thyroglossal duct cysts are described as midline cysts of the neck. The ratio females/males was 6/1 with mean age 37.6 years (13-60 years. One case was with an external fistula. The treatment performed was a variant of Sistrunk’s procedure in which the thyroglossal tract was excised to a variable extent, but in all cases with central hyoidectomy. The size of the cyst ranged from 1.2 to 4 cm (mean 2.6 cm. Postoperative course was unventful in all cases. No recurrence was recorded in this series. We describe a case, a 19 years old female with thyroid papillary carcinoma evolving from a TDC. The literature is reviewed. Conclusion: The standard surgical approach to TDC is Sistrunk's operation with low recurrence rates. Malignancy within a thyroglossal duct cyst is very rare but should be included in the differential diagnosis of a neck mass. In such cases total thyroidectomy with removal of the tumour of thyroglossal duct and the body of the hyoid bone are recommended – because the carcinoma may be multifocal and because a lymphatic invasion of the thyroid may take place – in order to ensure a correct follow-up.

  4. Choledochal cysts: diagnosis and treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popova-Jovanovska, R; Genadieva-Dimitrova, M; Trajkovska, M; Serafimoski, V

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study is to show the different diagnostic procedures and treatment in patients diagnosed with congenital choledochal cysts. Choledochal cysts are congenital anomalies of the bile ducts and include cystic dilatation of the extrahepatic and intrahepatic biliary ducts or both. The study shows ten patients diagnosed as having choledochal cysts. Diagnosis was established by clinical and radiographic findings including: ultrasound (US), magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatograpy (MRCP), endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC) and cytological examination of the bile juice. In the study choledochal cysts were classified according to the Todani classification. Most common cysts were type I (six cases); type III (one case), type IVa (one case) and two patients were type V cysts (Caroli disease). The most frequent symptoms were abdominal pain, jaundice and cholangitis. US findings were sensitive for the preliminary diagnosis of choledochal cysts in all the patients. MRCP accurately defined the cyst anatomy and the site of the biliary origin in all the cases with extrahepatic cysts. In three cases ERCP clearly demonstrated the cyst and by PTC smaller cysts were well defined. Cytological examination of the bile juice obtained during the PTC procedure showed malignant cells in one case. Therefore pancreaticoduodenectomy was performed and pathological examination showed associated cholangiocarcinoma. Five years after the operation the patient was well and free of the disease. Five patients underwent surgical treatment with a total cyst excision and Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy while the surgical approach in two patients was partial cyst excision and cystojejunostomy. Patients with Caroli disease were conservatively treated and 3 with interventional endoscopic procedures. Despite US evidence suggesting choledochal cyst diagnosis, other supportive radiographic imaging modalities such as MRCP, ERCP and

  5. Recurrent intramedullary cervical ependymal cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chhabra R

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a rare case of high cervical intramedullary ependymal cyst in a young boy. This was associated with atlantoaxial dislocation. After partial removal and marsupialization, the cyst recurred and needed radical total resection.

  6. CERVICAL SYNOVIAL CYST: CASE REPORT

    OpenAIRE

    Found, Ernest; Bewyer, Dennis

    2011-01-01

    A 47-year-old female school teacher with a six-week history of left-sided scapular and arm pain is presented. We report her evaluation and treatment Although lumbar degenerative synovial cysts have been reported over 200 times in the literature,6 cervical synovial cysts are much more rare. This case reports a cervicothoracic junction degenerative synovial cyst presenting as radiculopathy.

  7. Tailgut cyst. A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deltour, D; Veys, E

    2011-01-01

    Tailgut cysts, also called retro-rectal cystic hamartomas or mucin-secreting cysts, are uncommon vestigial masses. They can become complicated with infection or neoplastic degeneration. Surgery is the only treatment. We report here a case of a tailgut cyst in a 60-year-old female, that was discovered 10 years ago but not investigated. PMID:21780528

  8. Pilonidal cyst of the clitoris.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanis, Margaux J; Momeni, Mazdak; Zakashansky, Konstantin

    2014-01-01

    A pilonidal cyst is an epithelialized sinus tract or cyst containing hair follicles with a surrounding inflammatory reaction. It usually develops in the sacrococcygeal region with few reports of its development in the genitalia. We present a case of a periclitoral pilonidal cyst in a young woman and its management. PMID:25181383

  9. Bone cysts: unicameral and aneurysmal bone cyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mascard, E; Gomez-Brouchet, A; Lambot, K

    2015-02-01

    Simple and aneurysmal bone cysts are benign lytic bone lesions, usually encountered in children and adolescents. Simple bone cyst is a cystic, fluid-filled lesion, which may be unicameral (UBC) or partially separated. UBC can involve all bones, but usually the long bone metaphysis and otherwise primarily the proximal humerus and proximal femur. The classic aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) is an expansive and hemorrhagic tumor, usually showing characteristic translocation. About 30% of ABCs are secondary, without translocation; they occur in reaction to another, usually benign, bone lesion. ABCs are metaphyseal, excentric, bulging, fluid-filled and multicameral, and may develop in all bones of the skeleton. On MRI, the fluid level is evocative. It is mandatory to distinguish ABC from UBC, as prognosis and treatment are different. UBCs resolve spontaneously between adolescence and adulthood; the main concern is the risk of pathologic fracture. Treatment in non-threatening forms consists in intracystic injection of methylprednisolone. When there is a risk of fracture, especially of the femoral neck, surgery with curettage, filling with bone substitute or graft and osteosynthesis may be required. ABCs are potentially more aggressive, with a risk of bone destruction. Diagnosis must systematically be confirmed by biopsy, identifying soft-tissue parts, as telangiectatic sarcoma can mimic ABC. Intra-lesional sclerotherapy with alcohol is an effective treatment. In spinal ABC and in aggressive lesions with a risk of fracture, surgical treatment should be preferred, possibly after preoperative embolization. The risk of malignant transformation is very low, except in case of radiation therapy. PMID:25579825

  10. SEBACEOUS CYSTS MINOR SURGERY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Gusti Ayu Agung Laksemi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Minor surgery is small surgery or localized example cut ulcers and boils, cyst excision, and suturing. Somethings that need to be considered in the preparation of the surgery is minor tools, operating rooms and operating tables, lighting, maintenance of tools and equipment, sterilization and desinfection equipment, preparation of patients and anesthesia. In general cysts is walled chamber that consist of fluid, cells and the remaining cells. Cysts are formed not due to inflammation although then be inflamed. Lining of the cysts wall is composed of fibrous tissue and usually coated epithelial cells or endothelial. Cysts formed by dilated glands and closed channels, glands, blood vessels, lymph channels or layers of the epidermis. Contents of the cysts wall consists of the results is serum, lymph, sweat sebum, epithelial cells, the stratum corneum, and hair. /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;}

  11. Congenital pancreatic cysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seddighy A

    1998-07-01

    Full Text Available Congenital cyst of the pancreas is an uncommon problem in the pediatric patient. The common symptoms at the time of diagnosis have been abdominal mass and pain or fullness, nausea and vomiting. Despite of various paraclinic methods for diagnosis, ultrasound is now recognized as the most effective and best noninvasive method for diagnosis of pancreatic cyts. Surgical intervention is the best mode of therapy. Upper abdominal cystic mass are seen in the fetus and newborn infants. In Amirkabir Hospital, during 12 years from 1981 to 1993, 8 pancreatic cysts have been operated on and only in this case it was congenital.

  12. Odonto calcifying cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nalini Aswath

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC is reported to be associated with odontoma in 24% of cases. Separation of the cases of calcifying odontogenic cyst associated with odontoma (COCaO may lead to a better understanding of the pathogenesis of this lesion. The literature revealed 52 cases of COCaO. The male to female ratio was 1:1.9, with a mean age of 16 years. Most common location was the maxilla (61.5%. The radiographic appearance of most cases (80.5% was a well-defined, mixed radiolucent-radiopaque lesion. Histologically, the lesions consisted of a single large cyst with tooth-like structures as an integral part, giving the impression of a single lesion. In addition to the unique histologic features, differences in gender and distribution were found between the cases of COCaO and those of simple COC. COCaO may be regarded as a separate entity and classified as a benign, mixed odontogenic tumor. The term odontocalcifying odontogenic cyst is suggested.

  13. Aspergilloma in bronchogenic cyst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a case of Aspergilloma complicating an intrapulmonary bronchogenic cyst in a young man, presenting with recurrent hemoptysis. The patient was studied by plain X-ray and chest CT. The diagnosis was confirmed by postoperative pathologic study. 13 refs

  14. Cyst initiation, cyst expansion and progression in ADPKD

    OpenAIRE

    Happé, Hester

    2012-01-01

    Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is characterized by large fluid-filled cysts and progressive deterioration of renal function necessitating renal replacement therapy. In this thesis different phases of ADPKD were studied. First, we studied the initiation of cyst formation. We showed that the proliferative status of the renal tissue is important for the rate at which cysts are formed after Pkd1 conditional deletion. In addition we concluded that improper positioning of cent...

  15. Intraspinal Ganglion Cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Mun, Jong Hyeon; Lee, Rae Seop; Lim, Byung Chan; Lim, Jun Seob; Cho, Kyu Yong

    2012-01-01

    The pathogenesis of juxtafacet cysts is closely related to degenerative instability of the lumbar spine and degenerative changes in the ligamentum flavum and the facet joint. A 56-year-old man presented with severe right thigh pain and numbness for 1 month after a laminar fracture of the L4 spine. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a heterogenous cystic mass surrounding the facet joint between the fourth and fifth lumbar vertebrae on the right side. Conservative therapy was unsuccessful and ...

  16. Tailgut cysts: MRI findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aflalo-Hazan, V.; Rousset, P.; Lewin, M.; Azizi, L. [Hopital Saint Antoine, Department of Radiology, PARIS Cedex 12 (France); Mourra, N. [Hopital Saint Antoine, Department of Pathology, PARIS Cedex 12 (France); Hoeffel, C. [Hopital Robert Debre, Department of Radiology, Reims Cedex (France)

    2008-11-15

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of 11 surgically resected pelvic tailgut cysts were analyzed with reference to histopathologic and clinical data. Homogeneity, size, location, signal intensity, appearance and presence of septa and/or nodules and/or peripheral rim and involvement of surrounding structures were studied. Histological examination demonstrated 11 tailgut cysts (TGC), including one infected TGC and one TGC with a component of adenocarcinoma. Lesions (3-8 cm in diameter) were exclusively or partly retrorectal in all cases but one, with an extension down the anal canal in five cases. Lesions were multicystic in all patients but one. On T1-weighted MR images, all cystic lesions contained at least one hyperintense cyst. The peripheral rim of the cystic lesion was regular and non or moderately enhancing in all cases but the two complicated TGC. Nodular peripheral rim and irregular septa were seen in the degenerated TGC. Marked enhancement of the peripheral structures was noted in the two complicated TGC. Pelvic MRI is a valuable tool in the preoperative evaluation of TGC. (orig.)

  17. Tailgut cysts: MRI findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aflalo-Hazan, V; Rousset, P; Mourra, N; Lewin, M; Azizi, L; Hoeffel, C

    2008-11-01

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of 11 surgically resected pelvic tailgut cysts were analyzed with reference to histopathologic and clinical data. Homogeneity, size, location, signal intensity, appearance and presence of septa and/or nodules and/or peripheral rim and involvement of surrounding structures were studied. Histological examination demonstrated 11 tailgut cysts (TGC), including one infected TGC and one TGC with a component of adenocarcinoma. Lesions (3-8 cm in diameter) were exclusively or partly retrorectal in all cases but one, with an extension down the anal canal in five cases. Lesions were multicystic in all patients but one. On T1-weighted MR images, all cystic lesions contained at least one hyperintense cyst. The peripheral rim of the cystic lesion was regular and non or moderately enhancing in all cases but the two complicated TGC. Nodular peripheral rim and irregular septa were seen in the degenerated TGC. Marked enhancement of the peripheral structures was noted in the two complicated TGC. Pelvic MRI is a valuable tool in the preoperative evaluation of TGC. PMID:18566821

  18. Radiculopathy Caused by Discal Cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Sae Young

    2013-01-01

    Discal cyst is an intraspinal cyst with a distinct communication with the corresponding intervertebral disc. It is a rare condition and could present with radiculopathy similar to that caused by lumbar disc herniation. We present a patient with a large discal cyst in the ventrolateral epidural space of the 5th lumbar vertebral (L5) level that communicated with the adjacent 4th lumbar and 5th lumbar intervertebral disc, causing L5 radiculopathy. We alleviated the radiating pain with selective ...

  19. Ganglion Cyst of the Wrist and Hand

    Science.gov (United States)

    .org Ganglion Cyst of the Wrist and Hand Page ( 1 ) Ganglion cysts are the most common mass or lump ... can quickly appear, disappear, and change size. Many ganglion cysts do not require treatment. However, if the ...

  20. Tailgut cyst in a child

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Podberesky, Daniel J.; Emery, Kathleen H.; Care, Marguerite M.; Anton, Christopher G. [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Falcone, Richard A.; Ryckman, Frederick C. [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Cincinnati, OH (United States); Miles, Lili [Cincinnati Children' s Hospital Medical Center, Department of Pathology, Cincinnati, OH (United States)

    2005-02-01

    Tailgut cyst, or retrorectal cystic hamartoma, is a rare congenital lesion found in the presacral space. The lesion has been infrequently reported in the literature. We report the MRI findings of a tailgut cyst in a 2-year-old girl who presented with a sacral dimple and skin discoloration. (orig.)

  1. Tailgut cyst in a child.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Podberesky, Daniel J; Falcone, Richard A; Emery, Kathleen H; Care, Marguerite M; Anton, Christopher G; Miles, Lili; Ryckman, Frederick C

    2005-02-01

    Tailgut cyst, or retrorectal cystic hamartoma, is a rare congenital lesion found in the presacral space. The lesion has been infrequently reported in the literature. We report the MRI findings of a tailgut cyst in a 2-year-old girl who presented with a sacral dimple and skin discoloration. PMID:15351921

  2. THYROGLOSSAL CYST OUR EXPERIENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balasubramanian Thiagarajan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This study shares our experiences in managing patients with thyroglossal cysts. These are common midline tumors of neck. Characteristically these masses move on protrusion of tongue due to their intimate relationship with hyoid bone. Adults commonly presented with this lesion even though literature review suggests it to be common in children. All these patients underwent surgerybecause of the presence of mass rather than any symptoms. All 30 patients taken up in this study had a normal functioning thyroid in the normal position in addition to the cystic lesion.

  3. Paraurethral cyst. A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilio Vega Azcúe

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The paraurethral or Skene’s duct cyst, is a rare diagnostic entity in a newborn. It represents less than 0,5 % of congenital malformations of the urinary tract. All over the world it is reported an incidence of 1:2000 to 1:7000 in female births. In the newborn, the paraurethral cyst is caused by retention of secretions in the Skene's gland due to the obstruction of its ducts. Most of these cysts decrease in size during the first four to eight weeks, but they may cause symptoms of infection or urinary obstruction. They can also get formed from persistent embryonic remains of the mesonephric ducts (Wolffian duct, known as Gartner cysts and from the occlusion of unfused paramesonephric ducts (Müllerian. The case of a 25-day-old female, diagnosed with paraurethral cyst that underwent surgery and evolved successfully is presented.

  4. Hydatid cyst of the pancreas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Čolović Radoje B.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Hydatid cyst of the pancreas is rare. During the last 30 years, less than 40 cases have been reported in journals on Medline. This is a case report of a 35-year old woman with 2-year history of epigastric pain in whom an ultrasound and computed tomography showed the cyst of the body and tail of the pancreas 6x7 cm in diameters, which was supposed to be hydatid one. During surgery, an isolated hydatid cyst of the pancreas was found without communication with the pancreatic duct. The content of the cyst was removed, and pericyst was partially excised and drained. The recovery was uneventful and the patient has remained symptom free so far. Although rare, hydatid cyst should be considered in the differential diagnosis of the cystic lesions of the pancreas, particularly in patients coming from endemic areas and without history of pancreatitis.

  5. Uncommon breast lesions. Radiologic and pathologic findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To illustrate the radiologic findings in several uncommon breast and infrequent diseases that present with unusual mammographic images. We reviewed the mammograms performed in our department between 1998 and 1995, selecting 16 patients (12 women and 4 men). Nine patients had benign breast lesions (adenomyoepithelioma, epidermal cyst, adenoid cystic carcinoma, myofibroblastoma, multiple hamartomas, intra cystic papillomas, lipoma, idiopathic granulomatous mastitis and fat necrosis) and 7 patients presented malignant breast diseases (malignant fibrous histiocytoma, intra cystic carcinoma, primary lymphoma of the breast, liposarcoma and metastasis). We present a review of the radiologic and pathologic findings in several uncommon breast diseases. (Author) 14 refs

  6. Imaging of nasopharyngeal cysts and bursae

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ben Salem, D.; Ricolfi, Frederic [CHU DIJON, Service de Neuroradiologie et de Radiologie des Urgences, Dijon, Cedex (France); Duvillard, Christian; Ballester, Michel [CHU DIJON, Service d' ORL, Dijon, Cedex (France); Assous, Dorothee [CHU DIJON, Service d' Anatomie et de Cytologie Pathologiques Faculte de Medecine, Dijon, Cedex (France); Krause, Denis [CHU DIJON, Service d' Imagerie Diagnostique et Interventionnelle, Dijon, Cedex (France)

    2006-10-15

    Cysts and bursae of the nasopharynx are uncommon and seldom symptomatic when compared with malignant tumors of this region. However, it is noteworthy that in the presence of symptoms, a good knowledge of their radiological appearance is useful to establish the correct diagnosis. Cysts of Rathke's pouch, pharyngeal bursa of Luschka, Tornwaldt's cysts, retentional cysts of the seromucinous glands, oncocytic cysts, intra-adenoid cysts, branchial cysts, prevertebral or retropharyngeal abscess and pseudocysts of the nasopharynx will be discussed in this paper. (orig.)

  7. Penile Epidermal Cyst: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumaraguru, Veerapandian; Prabhu, Ravi; Kannan, Narayanasamy Subbaraju

    2016-05-01

    Epidermal cysts also known as epidermoid cysts, is one of the common benign tumours presenting anywhere in the body. However, epidermal cyst in the penis is very rare. This condition in children is usually congenital due to abnormal embryologic closure of the median raphe; hence, it is termed as median raphe cysts (MRCs). Penile epidermal cysts may occur in adults following trauma or surgery due to epidermal elements being trapped within closed space. During wound healing, trapped squamous epithelium, undergoing keratinisation leads to cyst formation. Here, we report a rare case of patient with a penile epidermoid cyst whose main complaints was discomfort during coitus. PMID:27437298

  8. Ovarian cysts on prenatal MRI

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nemec, Ursula [Department of Radiology, Division of Neuroradiology and Musculoskeletal Radiology, Medical University Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Nemec, Stefan F., E-mail: stefan.nemec@meduniwien.ac.at [Department of Radiology, Division of Neuroradiology and Musculoskeletal Radiology, Medical University Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Medical Genetics Institute, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, 8700 Beverly Boulevard, PACT Suite 400, Los Angeles, CA 90048 (United States); Bettelheim, Dieter [Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Division of Prenatal Diagnosis and Therapy, Medical University Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Brugger, Peter C. [Center of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Integrative Morphology Group, Medical University Vienna, Waehringerstrasse 13, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Horcher, Ernst [Department of Pediatric Surgery, Medical University Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Schoepf, Veronika [Department of Radiology, Division of Neuroradiology and Musculoskeletal Radiology, Medical University Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Graham, John M.; Rimoin, David L. [Medical Genetics Institute, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, 8700 Beverly Boulevard, PACT Suite 400, Los Angeles, CA 90048 (United States); Weber, Michael; Prayer, Daniela [Department of Radiology, Division of Neuroradiology and Musculoskeletal Radiology, Medical University Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria)

    2012-08-15

    Objective: Ovarian cysts are the most frequently encountered intra-abdominal masses in females in utero. They may, at times, require perinatal intervention. Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as an adjunct to ultrasonography (US) in prenatal diagnosis, we sought to demonstrate the ability to visualize ovarian cysts on prenatal MRI. Materials and methods: This retrospective study included 17 fetal MRI scans from 16 female fetuses (23-37 gestational weeks) with an MRI diagnosis of ovarian cysts after suspicious US findings. A multiplanar MRI protocol was applied to image and to characterize the cysts. The US and MRI findings were compared, and the prenatal findings were compared with postnatal imaging findings or histopathology. Results: Simple ovarian cysts were found in 10/16 cases and complex cysts in 7/16 cases, including one case with both. In 11/16 (69%) cases, US and MRI diagnoses were in agreement, and, in 5/16 (31%) cases, MRI specified or expanded the US diagnosis. In 6/16 cases, postnatal US showed that the cysts spontaneously resolved or decreased in size, and in 1/16 cases, postnatal imaging confirmed a hemorrhagic cyst. In 4/16 cases, the prenatal diagnoses were confirmed by surgery/histopathology, and for the rest, postnatal correlation was not available. Conclusion: Our results illustrate the MRI visualization of ovarian cysts in utero. In most cases, MRI will confirm the US diagnosis. In certain cases, MRI may provide further diagnostic information, additional to US, which is the standard technique for diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment planning.

  9. Spinal perineurial and meningeal cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarlov, I M

    1970-12-01

    Perineurial cysts may be responsible for clinical symptoms and a cure effected by their removal. They do not fill on initial myelography but may fill with Pantopaque some time, days or weeks, after Pantopaque has been instilled into the subarachnoid space. Perineurial cysts arise at the site of the posterior root ganglion. The cyst wall is composed of neural tissue. When initial myelography fails to reveal an adequate cause for the patient's symptoms and signs referable to the caudal nerve roots, then about a millilitre of Pantopaque should be left in the canal for delayed myelography which may later reveal a sacral perineurial cyst or, occasionally, a meningeal cyst. Meningeal diverticula occur proximal to the posterior root ganglia and usually fill on initial myelography. They are in free communication with the subarachnoid space and are rarely in my experience responsible for clinical symptoms. Meningeal diverticula and meningeal cysts appear to represent a continuum. Pantopaque left in the subarachnoid space may convert a meningeal diverticulum into an expanding symptomatic meningeal cyst, as in the case described. Many cases described as perineurial cysts represent abnormally long arachnoidal prolongations over nerve roots or meningeal diverticula. In general, neither of the latter is of pathological significance. Perineurial, like meningeal cysts and diverticula, may be asymptomatic. They should be operated upon only if they produce progressive or disabling symptoms or signs clearly attributable to them. When myelography must be done, and this should be done only as a preliminary to a probable necessary operation, then patient effort should be made to remove the Pantopaque. PMID:5531903

  10. MR imaging of pineal cysts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahn, Yong Sik; Yu, Hyeon; Kim, Wan Tae; Bae, Jin Woo; Moon, Hee Jung; Shin, Hyun Ja [Korea Veterans Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-09-01

    To evaluate the incidence and characteristic findings of pineal cyst incidentally detected on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Brain MR images obtained in 2432 patients were retrospectively reviewed to determine the incidence and MR findings of pineal cysts, which were evaluated according to their size, shape, location, signal intensity, interval change, contrast enhancement and mass effect on adjacent structures. Cysts were encountered in 107(4.4 %) of 2432 patients evaluated. their size ranged from 1 X 1 X 1 to 15 X 8 X 9 (mean, 5.97 X 3.82 X 4.82)mm. All were spherical (n=53) or oval (n=54) in shape. Their margin was smooth and they were homogeneous in nature. On T1-weighted images, the cysts were seen to be hyperintense (n=57) or isointense (n=50) to cerebrospinal fluid, but less so than brain parenchyma. T2-weighted images showed them to be isointense (n=51)or hyperintense (n=56) to cerebrospinal fluid. The cysts were centrally located in 65 cases and eccentrically in 42. Compression of the superior colliculi of the tectum was demonstrated in 17 cases (15.9 %). NO patients presented clinical symptoms or signs related to either pineal or tectal lesions. Peripheral enhancement around the cyst after Gd-DTPA injection was demonstrated in 51 cases(100 %). Follow-up examinations in 19 cases demonstrated no interval change. The incidence of pineal cysts was 4.4 %. The MR characteristics of simple pineal cysts include: (1) an oval or spherical shape, (2) a smooth outer margin and homogeneous nature, (3) isosignal or slightly high signal intensity to cerebrospinal fluid on whole pulse sequences, (4) ring enhancement after contrast injection, (5) an absence of interval change, as seen during follow up MR study. These MR appearances of pineal cysts might be helpful for differentiating them from pineal tumors.

  11. Ovarian cysts on prenatal MRI

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: Ovarian cysts are the most frequently encountered intra-abdominal masses in females in utero. They may, at times, require perinatal intervention. Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as an adjunct to ultrasonography (US) in prenatal diagnosis, we sought to demonstrate the ability to visualize ovarian cysts on prenatal MRI. Materials and methods: This retrospective study included 17 fetal MRI scans from 16 female fetuses (23–37 gestational weeks) with an MRI diagnosis of ovarian cysts after suspicious US findings. A multiplanar MRI protocol was applied to image and to characterize the cysts. The US and MRI findings were compared, and the prenatal findings were compared with postnatal imaging findings or histopathology. Results: Simple ovarian cysts were found in 10/16 cases and complex cysts in 7/16 cases, including one case with both. In 11/16 (69%) cases, US and MRI diagnoses were in agreement, and, in 5/16 (31%) cases, MRI specified or expanded the US diagnosis. In 6/16 cases, postnatal US showed that the cysts spontaneously resolved or decreased in size, and in 1/16 cases, postnatal imaging confirmed a hemorrhagic cyst. In 4/16 cases, the prenatal diagnoses were confirmed by surgery/histopathology, and for the rest, postnatal correlation was not available. Conclusion: Our results illustrate the MRI visualization of ovarian cysts in utero. In most cases, MRI will confirm the US diagnosis. In certain cases, MRI may provide further diagnostic information, additional to US, which is the standard technique for diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment planning.

  12. Neonatal Ovarian Cyst: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Fateme Haji Ebrahim Tehrani; Zohreh Kavehmanesh; Mahbod Kaveh; Fateme Davari Tanha

    2007-01-01

    Background: Ovarian cysts are the most frequent, prenatally diagnosed intra-abdominal cysts. Prenatal ultrasonography allows diagnosis of ovarian cysts and may suggest antenatal complications. The management of fetal ovarian cysts is still controversial despite the improvement in prenatal diagnosis with ultrasonography. Some studies suggest an aggressive management, while others plead for a conservative one.Case report:  We report on the first successfully treated large neonatal ovarian cyst ...

  13. [Tarlov cyst and symptomatic bladder disfuction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruibal Moldes, M; Sánchez Rodríguez-Losada, J; López García, D; Casas Agudo, V; Janeiro País, J M; González Martín, M

    2008-01-01

    Tarlov cysts or perineural cyst are lesions of the nerve roots located at the sacral level and uncertain aetiology. Most of these cysts remain asymptomatic with no clinical relevance. The symptomatic cysts are uncommon and the usual symptoms are pain or radiculopathy. We report the case of a 53-year-old woman witha symptomatic cyst (with a history of frequency and urgency syndrom), that disappears after surgery. PMID:19143297

  14. Teflon sponge shunt for recurrent arachnoid cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Goel Atul; Shah Abhidha; Pareikh Samir

    2007-01-01

    A 50-year-old female presented with complaints of progressive ataxia. Investigations showed a large intradural arachnoid cyst located anterior to the brainstem. Following marsupialization of the cyst she improved remarkably in her symptoms. The symptoms recurred nine months later and investigations revealed recurrence of the cyst. The cyst was evacuated again and two Teflon sponge sheets were placed such that they traversed the length of the cyst cavity and extended into the cisterna magna. A...

  15. Splenic hydatid cyst attacking retroperitoneum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaya, Bülent; Uçtum, Yalım; Kutanış, Rıza

    2010-01-01

    Hydatid disease most commonly affects the liver and lungs but no organ is immune. Splenic hydatid cyst is a rare clinical entity. Although the patients are usually asymptomatic, the disease may present with secondary infection, adhesion to adjacent organs with fistulisation or rupture into abdominal cavity. We present a 67 year old women with splenic hydatid cyst. Severe adhesions and tumorlike growth were found in the retroperitoneal region. To our knowledge, retroperitoneal invasion with a splenic hydatid cyst is a very rare clinical condition. Total splenectomy was performed without complication. PMID:21391192

  16. Lung cysts in chronic paracoccidioidomycosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andre Nathan Costa

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available On HRCT scans, lung cysts are characterized by rounded areas of low attenuation in the lung parenchyma and a well-defined interface with the normal adjacent lung. The most common cystic lung diseases are lymphangioleiomyomatosis, Langerhans cell histiocytosis, and lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia. In a retrospective analysis of the HRCT findings in 50 patients diagnosed with chronic paracoccidioidomycosis, we found lung cysts in 5 cases (10%, indicating that patients with paracoccidioidomycosis can present with lung cysts on HRCT scans. Therefore, paracoccidioidomycosis should be included in the differential diagnosis of cystic lung diseases.

  17. Renal hydatid cyst treatment: retroperitoneoscopic "closed cyst" pericystectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozden, Ender; Bostanci, Yakup; Mercimek, Mehmet Necmettin; Yakupoglu, Yarkin Kamil; Yilmaz, Ali Faik; Sarıkaya, Saban

    2011-03-01

    Cystic hydatid disease is an endemic disease caused by the larval form of Echinococcus spp. Isolated renal involvement is extremely rare. The treatment methods for renal hydatid disease require some form of intervention, ranging from traditional open techniques to laparoscopic techniques. Herein, we present a large hydatid cyst in the lower pole of the left kidney in a 43-year-old male patient who was treated by the "closed cyst" method via the retroperitoneal laparoscopic approach to prevent soiling of the peritoneal cavity. To our knowledge, this is the first case of a renal hydatid cyst treated by preserving the renal parenchyma by pericystectomy via the retroperitoneoscopic laparoscopic approach in an adult patient. No complications occurred during the perioperative and postoperative periods. After 9 months of follow up, the patient was asymptomatic with no evidence of clinical recurrence. Retroperitoneoscopic laparoscopic closed cyst pericystectomy can be an alternative minimally invasive treatment technique for the treatment of renal hydatid disease. PMID:21226768

  18. A Rare Case of Mediastinal Cyst: Thoracic Duct Cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duygu Mergan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Thoracic duct cysts are very rarely observed cysts of the mediastinum. These cysts, which can become established in the costovertebral sulcus or the visceral compartment, have generally been reported at the level of the 10th and 11th vertebrae; however, they can be observed at any location along the ductus [1]. A 37-year-old male patient complained of chest pain for the last 3 months that especially increased after meals. He complained of shortness of breath while walking or going up the stairs, for the last month. The lung graphy showed an increased darkening at a 5x6cm smooth (clean-cut, regular, orderly bordered shadow just behind the heart shadow. The patient%u2019s computed thorax tomography showed a retrocardiac-paravertebral, middle line positioned, 8.5x7x6 cm proportioned, regular bordered, thin walled, homogenous cystic bulk at the subcarinal level. The patient, who could not be relieved with medical treatment, was taken to surgery. The lesion was reached by right posterolateral thoracotomy, and drainage of lymph-containing cystic fluid and excision of the cyst walls were performed by incising the thoracic duct cyst with a mediastinal pleura incision. Mass ligation was then performed to the thoracic duct. We wanted to present our thoracic duct cyst case in this article due to the currently limited number of actual cases reported in the literature.

  19. Mullerian duct cyst misdiagnosed as ovarian cyst: a rare case report

    OpenAIRE

    Alpana Singh; Sneha Shree; Vandana Mishra; Gita Radhakrishnan

    2016-01-01

    The Mullerian duct cyst is a remnant of the caudal ends of the fused embryologic paramesonephric ducts (or Mullerian ducts). Preoperative distinction of ovarian cyst from a Mullerian duct cyst is important and is based on visualization of the ipsilateral ovary separate from the mass. Mullerian duct cysts may also be mistaken as paratubal, paraovarian or peritoneal inclusion cysts and hydrosalpinx. Thus, preoperative diagnosis of Mullerian cyst of the uterus can be very challenging. However, w...

  20. [Autonomous ovarian cysts and pseudo-pubertas praecox].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andler, W

    1991-04-01

    Six prepubertal girls presented with precocious pseudopuberty associated with ovarian follicular cysts. Five patients normalized spontaneously after several months, in one patient the cyst was removed by laparotomy. Elevated estrogen serum levels and failure of gonadotropin responses after gonadotropin releasing hormone were the classical findings in these patients during the acute period of the disease. In a later period, however, estrogen and gonadotropin levels may be normalized although breast development is still present. Surgical treatment was performed in one patient although spontaneous remission would have been probable. Three patients showed several episodes of precocious pseudopuberty. In three patients ACTH testing was performed after dexamethason suppression. All three patients showed elevated 17-hydroxyprogesterone responses which were similar to those in heterocygotes for C21-hydroxylase deficiency. PMID:2072962

  1. Pancreatic cyst in the mediastinum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On concrete example it is shown that diagnosis of pancreatic cyst localized in thoracic and peritoneal cavities is difficult. The diagnosis may be corrected only after histological analysis and dynamic observation

  2. Giant adrenal cyst: case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poiana, Catalina; Carsote, Mara; Chirita, Corina; Terzea, Dana; Paun, S; Beuran, M

    2010-01-01

    One of the rarest situations regarding an adrenal incidentaloma is an adrenal cyst. We present the case of a 61-year-old male patient diagnosed with peritonitis. During surgery, a right adrenal tumor of 2 cm is discovered. The patient was referred to endocrinology. 6 months later the diameter of the tumor is 7 times bigger than the initial stage. It has no secretory phenotype, except for the small increase of serum aldosterone and the 24-h 17-ketosteroids. Open right adrenalectomy is performed and a cyst of 15 cm is removed. The evolution after surgery is good. The pathological exam reveals an adrenal cyst with calcifications and osteoid metaplasia. The immunohistochemistry showed a positive reaction for CD34 and ACT in the vessels and VIM in the stroma. The adrenal cysts are not frequent and represent a challenge regarding the preoperative diagnostic and surgical procedure of resection. The pathological exam highlights the major aspects. PMID:20945822

  3. Prenatal and postnatal sonographic findings of uncomplicated ovarian cysts: 'Daughter cyst' sign

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To compare pre- and postnatal sonographic findings of ovarian cysts in neonates and to present a 'daughter cyst' sign for uncomplicated ovarian cysts. The study group consisted of six cases of neonatal ovarian cysts which were evaluated by both prenata (mean, IUP 36 weeks+3 days) and postnatal(mean, 2 days after birth) ultrasound studies. Two ovarian cysts were confirmed by surgery and the remaining four were clinically diagnosed. Postnatal sonography was prospectively evaluated and prenatal ultrasound scans were retrospectively evaluated. The size, contents, and wall thickness of the cyst were evaluated. We also analyzed presence or absence of a 'daughter cyst' , defined as a small cyst surrounded by a complete wall, protruding into the cyst lumen or along the cyst wall. Pathologic correlation of the daughter cyst was performed in two cases. The mean sizes of the ovarian cysts were 59.6 X 46.1 mm on prenatal and 73.0 X 49.2 mm on postnatal studies. Five were anechoic and thin walled cysts on both pre- and postnatal studies. One case revealed debris in the cyst lumen on prenatal study but was completely involuted on postnatal study. All six were unilocular in shape. The 'daughter cyst' sign was seen in two on prenatal and in four (80%) on postnatal studies. The 'daughter cyst' on sonography was corresponded to a follicle on pathology. The 'daughter cyst' sign appeared to be helpful for the diagnosis of neonatal ovarian cyst on both pre- and postnatal ultrasound studies.

  4. Hydatid cyst of the tibia.

    OpenAIRE

    Madiwale C; Shenoy A; Joshi A; Vora I; Hemmadi S; Bhosale P

    1992-01-01

    A case of hydatid cyst of the tibia, which manifested as a pathologic fracture is being reported. Pain and swelling of left lower limb with inability to bear the weight were the main features. Tender swelling was also noted at the upper and middle third of tibia. Open biopsy revealed the hydatid cyst wall and scolices of Echinococcus granulosus. Albendazole treatment was followed by curettage and bone grafting.

  5. Hydatid cyst of the tibia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madiwale C

    1992-10-01

    Full Text Available A case of hydatid cyst of the tibia, which manifested as a pathologic fracture is being reported. Pain and swelling of left lower limb with inability to bear the weight were the main features. Tender swelling was also noted at the upper and middle third of tibia. Open biopsy revealed the hydatid cyst wall and scolices of Echinococcus granulosus. Albendazole treatment was followed by curettage and bone grafting.

  6. Tuberculosis cysts of the mediastinum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 71-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital with polycystic deformations in the left pulmonary hilus in the mediastinum, found in a routine chest X-ray. The patient had earlier been treated for pulmonary tuberculosis. Mediastinotomia was performed and thin-walled cysts with a creamy type of were found. Microbiological examinations revealed evidence of bacilli tubercles. Medical treatment for tuberculosis was begun, which led to recovery with regression of the cysts. (orig.)

  7. Ultrasonographic Findings of an Implanted Absorbable Mesh in Patients with Breast Partial Resection: a Preliminary Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Yoon Jung; Hong, Hyun Pyo; Kwag, Hyon Joo [Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-06-15

    To present the ultrasonographic findings of an implanted absorbable mesh in patients who underwent breast partial resection. We retrospectively analyzed the ultrasonographic findings of 18 patients who underwent breast partial resection with an absorbable mesh implant to minimize the breast deformity. Sonography was performed approximately 3 months after surgery (mean interval, 92 days). The presence of a capsule and cyst at the surgical site, the size of the cyst, internal content of the cyst, vascularity of the lesion, and presence of complications were analyzed. An ultrasound examination revealed a well-encapsulated cyst with regular capsule in 16 of the 18 patients. The longest diameter of the cyst varied from 3 cm to 10 cm. Among 16 cases that showed a well-encapsulated cyst, 11 cases showed an isoechoic nodular pattern in the cyst and in the remaining five cases, the internal nodular pattern was not seen. In two of the 18 cases, an isoechoic nodular pattern without fluid content was seen for the lesions. A Doppler study revealed no vascularity in any of the lesions. Ultrasonographic findings of an implanted absorbable mesh, inserted in the surgical site to minimize breast deformity in patients that underwent breast partial resection, showed the presence of a well-encapsulated cyst with an internal isoechoic nodular pattern in the majority of the cases

  8. Hydatid Cyst of Ovary: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohsen Khosravi Maharlooei

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Echinococcus granulosus is considered the major cause of humanhydatid cysts. Usually the duration of cyst formation is 10-20 years. This period shortens significantly upon rupture of aprimary cyst. The literature describes low incidence of primaryinvolvement of ovary as a site of hydatid cyst formation. Ourcase is the first report on ovarian hydatid cyst in Iran. A 60-year-old woman was presented with abdominal pain in the leftlower quadrant area. Paraclinical data were suggestive of neoplasiaand preoperative diagnosis was ovarian tumor. Duringlaparotomy, multiple cysts resembling hydatid cysts were observedin the left ovary. Pathological examination confirmed thediagnosis of hydatid cyst. Although there is a small possibilityof secondary ovarian echinococcal disease, it is more probablefor this case to be primary infection, as the patient had developedovarian hydatid cysts 15 years after hepatic involvementand recurrence after 30 months is very uncommon.

  9. Diagnostic evaluation of full-field digital mammography for breast lesions in dense breast

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic significance of full-field digital mammography (FFDM) for breast lesions in dense breast. Methods: From April, 2003 to September, 2004, 3500 cases with breast lesions were examined using FFDM and all cases were proved by pathology. Lesions in the dense breast were selected for the study, including breast cancer in 66 cases, precancerous lesions in 6 cases, cyst hyperplasia in 12 cases, fibroma in 58 cases, adenosis in 11 cases, tuberculosis in 1 case, and cyst in 4 cases. Craniocaudal (CC) view and midiolateral oblique (MLO) view were conducted for every, patient. Midiolateral view or spot view was achieved if necessary. Preoperative localization was conducted for every patient with nonpalpable breast cancers. Results: There were 57 palpable breast cancers and 15 non-palpable breast cancers. Mammography of the malignant lesions showed the mass in 23 cases, mass with microcalcification in 18 cases, architectual distortion with diffuse microcalcifications in 11 case, architectural distortion with long spicule in 12 cases, cluster microcalcifications in 2 cases, diffuse microcalcifications in 1 case, architectual distortion in 1 case, small stellar mass in 1 case, and stellar mass with long spicule in 1 case. Negative X-ray findings were in 2 cases. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of FFDM were 93.06%, 88.37% , and 90.51%, respectively. X-ray findings of the benign lesions were as follows: for 58 cases of fibroma, there were mass in $8 cases and mass with calcification in 20 cases; for 12 cases of cyst hyperplasia, there were mass in 10 cases and mass with microcalcification in 2 cases; for 11 cases of adenosis, there were mass in 9 cases and mass with microcalcification in 2 cases; and masses were detected in 1 case of tuberculosis and 4 cases of cyst. Conclusion: FFDM has very important value for the detection of breast lesions in dense breast, especially for nonpalpable breast cancers and precancerous lesions

  10. Percutaneous transcatheter sclerotherapy of oophoritic cysts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the clinical value of percutaneous transcatheter sclerotherapy in oophoritic cysts. Methods: Seventy six oophoritic cysts incluoling 48 simple and 28 chocolate cysts of 64 patients were treated with percutaneous transcatheter sclerotherapy under CT guidance. 4F multisideholes pigtail catheter was introduced into cyst using absolute alcohol as sclerosing agents. Results: The successful rate of percutaneous oophoritc cyst puncture was 100% in all 64 patients. Among them 58 were cured (90.6%), 6 improved significantly (9.4%). The total effective rate reached 100% with no serious complications. Conclusions: Catheterization sclerotherapy for oophoritic cyst is a simple, complete, safe and effective method. (authors)

  11. Spontaneous hygroma in intracranial arachnoid cyst

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Agnoli, A.L.

    1984-06-01

    Anamnesis and treatment of two cases of arachnoid cysts extending into the subarachnoid space are described. No traumatic incident was discovered in the previous history of these two patients. The causal genesis of neurological signs of deficiency in patients with arachnoid and acquired cysts is discussed. However, the cause of the development of a subdural hygroma in arachnoid cysts remains unclarified. CT findings of arachnoid cysts with a hypodense zone between brain surface and the vault of the cranium always require an investigation into the possibility of a spontaneous emptying of the cyst or of a congenital and not only localised extension of the cyst itself.

  12. Giant muellerian duct cyst: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, Yoo Mie; Lee, Sun Wha; Park, Young Yo [College of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1995-07-15

    We report a case of giant Muellerian duct cyst in a 6 month-old-boy with urinary tract infection. A mass displacing the bladder and prostatic urethra anteriorly was found on the voiding cystourethrogram, and it was a oval shaped retrovesical anechoic cyst on the abdominal ultrasonogram. On MRI, it was a tear-drop shaped cyst of isosignal intensity with a projection toward the prostatic urethra and located in the midline of vesicorectal space. Grossly, the cyst had communication with prostatic urethra and both vas deferenses were drained to the cyst. Pathologically it was confirmed as a Muellerrian duct cyst lined with squamous spithelium.

  13. MANAGEMENT OF OVARIAN CYST BY AYURVEDIC TREATMENT: A CASE REPORT

    OpenAIRE

    Sehgal Himanshu; Rao M.M.; Sharma Gagandeep

    2011-01-01

    Ovarian cysts are fluid filled sacs inside the ovary that are common among women during their reproductive years. Most cysts are harmless and go away without any treatment, but some may cause problems such as rupturing, bleeding, or pain; and surgery may be required to remove the cyst(s). When the follicles (sacs) in the ovaries do not rupture, they form small cysts called 'simple cysts'. These form whenever ovary produces too much of estrogen hormone. 'Dermoid cysts' & 'chocolate cysts' are ...

  14. Dermoid cyst of the ovary

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Unsuspectable chronic rupture was discovered during surgical remotion of a very large ovarian dermoid cyst. Abdomen X-ray, US and CT examinations were presurgically performed. Standing X-ray projection of the abdomen allowed the appearing of a new radiographic finding of dermoid cyst, the ''fat floating'' as the equivalent of the ''gravity dependent layering'' in US and CT features. Thisding of dermoid cyst, the ''fat floating'' as the equivalent of the ''gravity dependent layering'' in US and CT features. This radiographic sign appears as an horizontal line between two soft tissues of different opacity; it is caused by oleous and sebaceous fluid floating over serous fluid and over serous fluid and over intracystic debris. Literature was reviewed and radiographic findings in dermoid cyst were reconsidered; the sign of ''fat floating'' could enhance the diagnostic accuracy of abdomen X-ray. So when a pelvic or an abdominal-pelvic mass is discovered in a young woman, standing projection is required for abdomen X-ray. Rupture of a dermoid cyst may happen without notice and chronically; CT has been more accurate than US in evaluating rupture, in particular the peritoneal spread of oleous pseudocyst

  15. Choroid plexus cysts. MR and CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The MRI and CT characteristics of choroid plexus cysts in the lateral ventricles were investigated. Of eight patients with choroid plexus cysts, six had bilateral and multiple cysts that were small in size, and two patients had unilateral solitary cysts. Choroid plexus cysts were well visualized on T2-WI and proton density-WI with higher signal intensity than the CSF in the lateral ventricles. The walls of cysts were well enhanced with Gd-DTPA. MRI has a distinct advantage over conventional CT for visualization of choroid plexus cysts that are small in size, which may be multiple and bilateral. With the widespread use of MRI, asymptomatic choroid plexus cysts may become common incidental findings. (author)

  16. Convexity leptomeningeal cysts diagnosed by scinticisternography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The scintigraphic diagnosis of eight convexity leptomeningeal cysts is described; the cysts appear as a local collection of abnormal radioactivity, best seen at 48 hours. The correlation of the scintigraphic findings with clinical, radiological, and operative findings is discussed

  17. A huge presacral Tarlov cyst. Case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishii, Kazuhiko; Yuzurihara, Masahito; Asamoto, Shunji; Doi, Hiroshi; Kubota, Motoo

    2007-08-01

    Perineural cysts have become a common incidental finding during lumbosacral magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Only some of the symptomatic cysts warrant treatment. The authors describe the successful operative treatment of a patient with, to the best of their knowledge, the largest perineural cyst reported to date. A 29-year-old woman had been suffering from long-standing constipation and low-back pain. During an obstetric investigation for infertility, the clinician discovered a huge presacral cystic mass. Computed tomography myelography showed the lesion to be a huge Tarlov cyst arising from the left S-3 nerve root and compressing the ipsilateral S-2 nerve. The cyst was successfully treated by ligation of the cyst neck together with sectioning of the S-3 nerve root. Postoperative improvement in her symptoms and MR imaging findings were noted. Identification of the nerve root involved by the cyst wall, operative indication, operative procedure, and treatment of multiple cysts are important preoperative considerations. PMID:17688070

  18. Ganglion cysts and carpal tunnel syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerrigan, J J; Bertoni, J M; Jaeger, S H

    1988-09-01

    We review 12 cases of ganglion cyst with carpal tunnel syndrome in 11 patients seen at the Hand Rehabilitation Center. Mean age was 42 years (range, 28 to 60 years). One half of the cysts were associated with direct trauma, usually with wrist hyperextension. Symptoms usually developed after the appearance or sudden growth of the cyst. Motor conduction or distal sensory latency was abnormal in seven of eight studied cases. Tinel's sign on tapping the cyst may be pathognomonic for this syndrome. Cyst removal and incision of the flexor retinaculum relieved the symptoms in 11 cases. The other case had total resolution after spontaneous cyst rupture. This syndrome is successfully treated with cyst decompression with release of the carpal canal and has an excellent prognosis. To our knowledge this represents the largest operative series of carpal tunnel syndrome and ganglion cyst. PMID:3241055

  19. Isolated Enteric Cyst in the Neck

    OpenAIRE

    Amit Mahore; Raghvendra Ramdasi; Palak Popat; Shilpa Sankhe; Vishakha Tikeykar

    2014-01-01

    We report an extremely rare case of isolated enteric cyst in the neck region which was diagnosed on the histopathological examination. It was suspected to be duplication cyst on radiology. We have also evaluated the differential diagnosis and management issues.

  20. Biliary tract duplication cyst with gastric heterotopia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cystic duplications of the biliary tract are rare anomalies, easily mistaken for choledochal cysts. Surgical drainage is the preferred therapy for choledochal cyst, but cystic duplication necessitates surgical excision as duplications may contain heterotopic gastric mucosa leading to peptic ulceration of the biliary tract. We report a case of biliary tract duplication cyst containing heterotopic alimentary mucosa which had initially been diagnosed and surgically treated as a choledochal cyst. (orig.)

  1. Diagnosis and management of bilateral nasolabial cysts

    OpenAIRE

    Rajkumar Parwani; Simran Parwani; Sangeeta Wanjari

    2013-01-01

    Nasolabial cysts are painless, submucosal, non-odontogenic jaw cysts presenting as soft tissue swellings in the maxillary anterior mucolabial fold lateral to midline, leading to elevation of nasal ala. Present case documents bilateral nasolabial cysts in a 69-year-old Asian female patient. In the present case, extraoral swelling of maxillary lip and elevation of nasal ala was observed on right side of the face. Intraorally, soft and fluctuant bilateral cysts were observed. Straw-colored fluid...

  2. Proximal Sciatic Nerve Intraneural Ganglion Cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Fee, Dominic B.; Swartz, Karin R.; Michael Boland; Dianne Wilson

    2009-01-01

    Intraneural ganglion cysts are nonneoplastic, mucinous cysts within the epineurium of peripheral nerves which usually involve the peroneal nerve at the knee. A 37-year-old female presented with progressive left buttock and posterior thigh pain. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a sciatic nerve mass at the sacral notch which was subsequently revealed to be an intraneural ganglion cyst. An intraneural ganglion cyst confined to the proximal sciatic nerve has only been reported once prior to 2009.

  3. Ovarian Dermoid Cyst Causing Distal Ureteral Obstruction

    OpenAIRE

    Aiken, WD; Mayhew, RG; Mitchell, S; Stennett, M; Johnson, P.

    2015-01-01

    A case of a 45-year old woman with an ovarian dermoid cyst causing ureteric colic secondary to distal ureteral obstruction is reported. The dermoid cyst was observed on computed tomography to be adjacent to and compressing the distal left ureter and this was confirmed at surgical exploration. Following oophorectomy, the patient's symptoms completely resolved and the excised ovarian cyst was confirmed on pathological evaluation to be a dermoid cyst. This appears to be the first reported case o...

  4. Management of ovarian cysts in infants

    OpenAIRE

    Yan Xue-qiang; Zheng Nan-nan; Yu Lei; Lu Wei; Bian Hong-qiang; Yang Jun; Duan Xu-fei; Qin Xin-ke

    2015-01-01

    Background: To discuss the experience of diagnosis and treatment of ovarian cyst in infants. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review was conducted on 20 infants who suffered from ovarian cyst. Results: There were no dysplasia ovarian was found in children which were preoperatively diagnosed simplex cyst. Within thirteen children preoperatively detected mixed cystic-solid lesion, six cases ovarian cysts disappeared and two cases underwent poor blood supply in the following time. Conclusi...

  5. Cervical thoracic duct cyst: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Sang Hyun; Han, Jong Kyu; Lee, Chi Kyu; Jo, Sung Sik; Kim, Hyung Hwan; Bae, Won Kyung; Kim, Il Yung [Chunan Hospital Soonchunhyang University, Chunan (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-06-15

    Thoracic duct cysts are uncommon lesions that most commonly occur in the abdominal and thoracic portion of the thoracic duct: the cervical portion is the rarest location. The main causes of thoracic duct cyst are surgical injuries such as neck dissection and blunt trauma. We report here on a rare case of spontaneous cervical thoracic duct cyst that was noted on ultrasonography and CT. The thoracic duct cyst was confirmed by fine needle aspiration and it was treated by sclerotherapy.

  6. Clinical Experience of Symptomatic Sacral Perineural Cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Jung, Ki Tae; Lee, Hyun Young; Lim, Kyung Joon

    2012-01-01

    Tarlov or perineural cysts are nerve root cysts found most commonly at the sacral spine level arising between covering layers of the perineurium and the endoneurium near the dorsal root ganglion and are usually asymptomatic. Symptomatic sacral perineural cysts are uncommon but sometimes require surgical treatment. A 69-year-old male presented with pain in the buttock. He was diagnosed as having a sacral cyst with magnetic resonance imaging. For the nonoperative diagnosis and treatment, caudal...

  7. Biliary tract duplication cyst with gastric heterotopia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grumbach, K.; Baker, D.H.; Weigert, J.; Altman, R.P.

    1988-05-01

    Cystic duplications of the biliary tract are rare anomalies, easily mistaken for choledochal cysts. Surgical drainage is the preferred therapy for choledochal cyst, but cystic duplication necessitates surgical excision as duplications may contain heterotopic gastric mucosa leading to peptic ulceration of the biliary tract. We report a case of biliary tract duplication cyst containing heterotopic alimentary mucosa which had initially been diagnosed and surgically treated as a choledochal cyst.

  8. A RARE INTERESTING CASE OF HUGE OMENTAL CYST MIMICKING AN OVARIAN CYST

    OpenAIRE

    Venkateswara Rao

    2014-01-01

    Omental cysts are very rare and usually present with painless abdominal swelling. An incidence of about 1 in 105000 to 140000 cases is reported in the literature 1. Omental cysts are 3 to 10 times rare than the mesenteric cysts. Ovarian cyst is the commonest ovarian mass in the gynecology outpatient department. A very rare huge Omental cystic mass is diagnosed provisionally as ovarian cyst and laparotomy was done. Our hospital is a 500 bedded rural based teaching hospital ...

  9. Primary Peritoneal Hydatid Cyst Presenting as Ovarian Cyst Torsion: A Rare Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Gandhiraman, Kavitha; Balakrishnan, Renukadevi; Ramamoorthy, Rathna; Rajeshwari, Raja

    2015-01-01

    Hydatid cyst disease is a zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus, E.multilocularis or E.Vogli. The most common primary site is liver (75%) followed by lungs (5-15%) and other organs constitute 10-20%. Peritoneal hydatid cysts are very rare especially primary peritoneal hydatid. Secondary peritoneal hydatid cysts are relatively common, which usually occurs due to rupture of primary hepatic hydatid cyst. We present a rare case of large primary peritoneal hydatid cyst misdiagnosed as...

  10. Concomitant bilateral testicular epidermoid cysts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Epidermoid cyst of the testis is a rare benign germ tumor, comprising 1-2% of all resected benign testicular masses. Approximately 300 cases have been reported to date. Unilateral involvement has often been reported in the English literature. However, bilateral occurrence is very rare and to the best of our knowledge, there only 3 previous reports of bilateral testicular epidermoid cysts. The fact that they are completely benign makes them amenable to treatment by local excision, thereby saving patient from orchidectomy. Recognition of their characteristic ulatrsonographic features is very important to avoid unnecessary intervention. We present here, a case of bilateral epidermoid cyst in which characteristic ultrasound (US) findings allowed testis-sparing enucleation instead of radical orchiectomy. (author)

  11. [Giant intradiploic infratentorial epidermoid cyst].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberione, F; Caire, F; Fischer-Lokou, D; Gueye, M; Moreau, J J

    2007-10-01

    Epidermoid cysts are benign, uncommon lesions (1% of all intracranial tumors). Their localization is intradiploic in 25% of cases, and exceptionally subtentorial. We report here a rare case of giant intradiploic infratentorial epidermoid cyst. A 74-year old patient presented with recent diplopia and sindrome cerebellar. CT scan and MR imaging revealed a giant osteolytic extradural lesion of the posterior fossa (5.2 cm x 3.8 cm) with a small area of peripheral enhancement after contrast injection. Retrosigmoid suboccipital craniectomy allowed a satisfactory removal of the tumor, followed by an acrylic cranioplasty. The outcome was good. Neuropathological examination confirmed an epidermoid cyst. We review the literature and discuss our case. PMID:18008017

  12. Hydatid cysts of the lung

    Science.gov (United States)

    Widdrington, J D; Echevarria, C; Bone, M; Ellis, R

    2010-01-01

    Cystic hydatid disease is a zoonosis caused by infection with the larval cysts of Echinococcus granulosus. Cysts commonly develop in the liver and lungs. Diagnosis in non-endemic regions is often delayed due to a failure to consider hydatidosis. This results from a non-specific presentation and a failure to record an accurate geographical history. The diagnosis requires integrating an appropriate index of suspicion with correct interpretation of imaging and serological tests. In our case, a 44-year-old woman of Yemeni origin presented to a UK hospital with chest pain, pruritus and weight loss. Following detection of pulmonary nodules, a CT-guided biopsy was carried out to exclude malignancy. Iatrogenic cyst rupture precipitated an acute eosinophilic pleurisy. Cystic hydatid disease was subsequently diagnosed following strongly positive hydatid serological tests. This case illustrates the importance of considering diagnoses appropriate to an individual's geographical history particularly in the context of rising immigration and foreign travel. PMID:22778194

  13. Spontaneous hemorrhage into a lumbar synovial cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Cicuendez, Marta; Jose F Alen; Ana RAMOS; Lobato, Ramiro D.; Lagares, Alfonso

    2010-01-01

    Lumbar synovial cysts frequently present with back pain, chronic radiculopathy and/or progressive symptoms of spinal canal compromise. These cysts generally appear in the context of degenerative lumbar spinal disease. Few cases of spontaneous hemorrhage into synovial cysts have been reported in the literature.

  14. Spontaneous regression of an intraspinal disc cyst

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Demaerel, P.; Eerens, I.; Wilms, G. [University Hospital, Leuven (Belgium). Dept. of Radiology; Goffin, J. [Dept. of Neurosurgery, University Hospitals, Leuven (Belgium)

    2001-11-01

    We present a patient with a so-called disc cyst. Its location in the ventrolateral epidural space and its communication with the herniated disc are clearly shown. The disc cyst developed rapidly and regressed spontaneously. This observation, which has not been reported until now, appears to support focal degeneration with cyst formation as the pathogenesis. (orig.)

  15. Degenerative intraspinal cyst of the cervical spine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hidetoshi Nojiri

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available We describe two cases of degenerative intraspinal cyst of the cervical spine that caused a gradually progressive myelopathy. One case had a cyst that arose from the facet joint and the other case had a cyst that formed in the ligamentum flavum. The symptoms improved immediately after posterior decompression by cystectomy with laminoplasty.

  16. A retrospective study of ovarian cysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shivaji Neelgund

    2016-06-01

    Conclusions: Unilocular simple ovarian cysts are usually functional ovarian cysts and resolve spontaneously. Therapy by 3 to 6 months of Oral Contraceptives, usually resolves them and this also helps to distinguish between physiological and pathological ovarian cysts [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2016; 5(6.000: 1969-1973

  17. Breast lift

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mastopexy; Breast lift with reduction; Breast lift with augmentation ... enlargement with implants) when they have a breast lift. ... it for medical reasons. Women usually have breast lifts to lift sagging, loose breasts. Pregnancy, breastfeeding, and ...

  18. Intraosseous ganglion cyst of olecranon

    OpenAIRE

    Abolghasem Zarezadeh; Mohsen Nourbakhsh; Hamidreza Shemshaki; Mohammad Reza Etemadifar; Farhad Mazoochian

    2012-01-01

    Intraosseous ganglia are benign cysts that usually can be seen in lower extremity; especially around ankle. These cysts have fewer incidences in upper extremity, mainly around the wrist. They are extremely rare in olecranon. These lesions are often asymptomatic. Patient was a 75-year-old man who had trauma many years ago. When he came to our clinic, he complained of severe pain around his elbow that he could not do ordinary activity. He had local tenderness in elbow and 30 degree limitation i...

  19. Ecchinococcal cyst of the liver

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Yun Ju; Kim, Sun Hee [Maryknoll Hospital, Busan (Korea, Republic of)

    1994-12-15

    Hydatid disease is a parasitic infestation with the larval stage of echinococcus which is found most frequently in Mediterranean area, Australia, and south America, and rarely in Korea. The case presented herein was a 43-year-old man who had been to the middle East Asia for three years. His initial ultrasonogram showed a well-defined cystic mass in the right hepatic lobe. It was surrounded by three layers of capsule and contained multiple small daughter cysts with echogenic debris. Computed tomograms and magnetic resonance images showed similar findings. Ultrasonography was the most accurate among the three imaging modalities in demonstrating the internal architecture of the echinococal cyst

  20. Ecchinococcal cyst of the liver

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hydatid disease is a parasitic infestation with the larval stage of echinococcus which is found most frequently in Mediterranean area, Australia, and south America, and rarely in Korea. The case presented herein was a 43-year-old man who had been to the middle East Asia for three years. His initial ultrasonogram showed a well-defined cystic mass in the right hepatic lobe. It was surrounded by three layers of capsule and contained multiple small daughter cysts with echogenic debris. Computed tomograms and magnetic resonance images showed similar findings. Ultrasonography was the most accurate among the three imaging modalities in demonstrating the internal architecture of the echinococal cyst

  1. HYDATID CYST PRESENTING AS OVARIAN CYST : A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helen

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Echinococcosis is a zoonotic disease which may present as potential health hazard to human. In developing country like India , it is a significant health problem. Surgery is the treatment of choice for hydatid cyst. Recurrence may be avoided by antihelminthic supplements post - surgery

  2. Computed tomography of intraspinal ganglion cysts and synovial cysts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CT findings of intraspinal ganglion and synovial cysts of the facet joint include ; 1) a cystic hypodense mass adjacent to the facet joint, 2) frequent calcification in its margin, 3) poor delineation of the ligamentum flavum at the capsular portion. The last finding is the most pathognomonic of the diseases. (author)

  3. Juxta-facet cysts: MR imaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The term juxta-facet cyst summarizes synovial cysts, arising from degenerated facet joints and ganglion cysts, developing from mucinous degeneration of periarticular connective tissue. Most juxta-facet cysts are observed at the L4/5 level, which generally has the most motion within the lumbar spine. In this retrospective study 31 juxta-facet cysts in 28 patients were detected within 2898 lumbar MRI studies over a 2-year period (frequency 1%). 24 patients complained of back and lower extremity pain, the other 4 patients had unilateral back pain. In 7 cases radicular symptoms were observed, in 6 patients a neurogenic claudication. In 78% of the patients juxta-facet cysts were responsible for clinical symptoms. MRI is the diagnostic imaging technique of choice due to a high sensitivity. The juxta-facet cysts were located extradural, laterally to the thecal sack and adjacent to a degenerated facet joint. In all but one cases the cysts showed a signal intensity equivalent to cerebrospinal fluid. T2-weighted pulse sequences in sagittal orientation were very useful in delineating the hypointense cyst wall. In 1 patient with acute radicular pain MRI demonstrated a subacute hemorrhage within a juxta-facet cyst. Calcifications and gas-filled cysts can be missed with MRI, but will be demonstrated by computed tomography. 45% of the juxta-facet cysts showed an enhancement of the cyst wall after injection of Gd-DTPA. Spontaneous reduction or resolution of the cyst may occur during rest. Injection of corticosteroids into the corresponding facet joint may reduce the inflammatory process and resolve the symptoms in up to 70%. Surgical resection of the cyst is indicated in case of intractable pain and significant neurologic deficit and generally produces good relief from radicular symptoms. (orig.)

  4. Chronic hematic cyst of the temporomandibular joint

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hematic cyst refers to accumulation of blood or blood breakdown products in a non epithelium-lined fibrous tissue capsule. Hepatic cyst is a term often used for deeply placed, incompletely resorbed hematoma hemorrhagic cyst, which may remain unchanged and unidentified for long periods of time. Trauma is the major causative factor, although it is often vague or totally uncalled by the patient. Chronic hematic cysts are uncommon lesions those can present diagnostic challenge. In this article we report a first case of a chronic hematic cyst of the temporomandibular joint TMJ. (author)

  5. Extensive Epidermoid Cyst and Breathing Difficulty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ciro Dantas Soares

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Epidermoid cysts are common cystic lesions in the skin, ovaries, and testicles, but their occurrence in the oral cavity is uncommon. They consist of cysts delimited by a fibrous capsule without cutaneous annexes and are lined by stratified squamous epithelium. The differential diagnosis includes ranula, dermoid cysts, and lingual thyroid. Despite their benign presentation, these cysts can cause functional limitations, requiring special clinical attention for extensive lesions located in regions that preserve vital structures. This paper aims to report a case of epidermoid cyst in patient with swallowing and breathing difficulty, highlighting the clinical and surgical planning.

  6. Clinical experience of symptomatic sacral perineural cyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Ki Tae; Lee, Hyun Young; Lim, Kyung Joon

    2012-07-01

    Tarlov or perineural cysts are nerve root cysts found most commonly at the sacral spine level arising between covering layers of the perineurium and the endoneurium near the dorsal root ganglion and are usually asymptomatic. Symptomatic sacral perineural cysts are uncommon but sometimes require surgical treatment. A 69-year-old male presented with pain in the buttock. He was diagnosed as having a sacral cyst with magnetic resonance imaging. For the nonoperative diagnosis and treatment, caudal peridurography and block were performed. After the treatment, the patient's symptom was relieved. We suggest a caudal peridural block is effective in relieving pain from a sacral cyst. PMID:22787551

  7. [Ganglion cysts of the hand and wrist].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarig, Oren; Hass, Avraham; Oron, Amir

    2013-10-01

    Ganglion cysts are considered the most common tumor of the wrist and hand. They are most common between the second and fourth decades of life. The most common anatomical location is the dorsal wrist. This article includes a general review of these cysts including symptoms, pathology and methods of diagnosis, as well as a review of these cysts in specific anatomic locations. The article also includes an updated review of the literature comparing open surgery vs. arthroscopic treatment. The authors believe that arthroscopic surgery of ganglion cysts will gain an important role in the treatment of these cysts. PMID:24450035

  8. Bilateral Radicular Cyst in Mandible: An Unusual Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Bava, Fareed Ahmed; Umar, Dilshad; Bahseer, Bahija; Baroudi, Kusai

    2015-01-01

    A radicular cyst is one of the furthermost everyday odontogenic cysts of the anterior maxilla, not regularly comprehended in youth. They are found mostly at the apices of the tooth (periapical cyst), lateral surface of the roots (lateral radicular cyst) and remains in the jaw after removal of the offending tooth (residual cyst). The radicular cyst has been catalogued as an inflammatory cyst, as an outcome to pulpal necrosis succeeding caries, with a linked periapical inflammatory reaction. Th...

  9. Arachnoid cyst of the middle cranial fossa

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The middle cranial fossa is the most common site for intracranial arachnoid cysts. Galassi and his associates have provided a useful classification of middle fossa arachnoid cysts based on their computed tomographic appearances. The Type I cyst is a small lenticular lesion. The Type II cyst is quadrangular in shape, reflecting a completely open insula. The Type III cyst appears as a large area of smoothly rounded lucency, with a significant compression of the brain. We report a 2-year-old boy with a middle fossa arachnoid cyst. This cyst differed from the type of Galassi's classification in its extension. Computerized tomograms showed low-density lesions of the bilateral middle cranial fossa and suprasellar area, which was not enhanced with contrast medium. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) showed a CSF-like pattern (Kjos) and revealed delicate anatomical structures in the surrounding brain. Arachnoid cysts are usually single lesions. However, not infrequently these cystic cavities may be divided by membranous septa into two or more compartments. Bilateral, more or less symmetrical arachnoid cysts in the middle cranial fossa as seen in this patient, however, seem to be very rare. Only a few such cases have been reported previously. MRI was superior to X-ray CT in characterizing intracranial cystic lesions because of its ability to categorize cysts into Kjos's three groups on the basis of the intensity pattern of the cyst contents, thereby improving diagnostic specificity and patient management. (author)

  10. Symptomatic Tarlov cyst: report and review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaiyabud, Pradit; Suwanpratheep, Kitti

    2006-07-01

    Tarlov or perineural cysts are nerve root cysts found most commonly at the sacral spine level arising between covering layers of the perineurium and the endoneurium near the dorsal root ganglion. The cysts are relatively rare and most of them are asymptomatic. Some Tarlov cysts can exert pressure on nerve elements resulting in pain, radiculopathy and even multiple radiculopathy of cauda equina. There is no consensus on the appropriate therapeutic options of Tarlov cysts. The authors present a case of two sacral cysts diagnosed with magnetic resonance imaging. The initial symptoms were low back pain and sciatica and progressed to cauda equina syndrome. Surgical treatment was performed by sacral laminectomy and wide cyst fenestration. The neurological deficits were recovered and had not recurred after a follow-up period of nine months. The literature was reviewed and discussed. This is the first reported case in Thailand. PMID:16881441

  11. Ganglion cysts in a juvenile dog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, K O; Park, N Y; Kang, M I; Umemura, K; Itakura, C

    2000-07-01

    Ganglion cysts were diagnosed in a 4-month-old male Afghan Hound. Grossly, the subcutaneous ovoid cysts around the caudal right elbow joint and left ischiatic tuberosity had abundant mucinous fluid and internal folding. The lesions recurred twice around the elbow joint after surgical removal. Neither cyst communicated with the joint cavity. Histologically, the cyst wall consisted of inner myxomatous and outer immature connective tissue. Some parts of the cyst wall had various stages of myxoid metaplasia of collagen tissue leading to new cyst formation. Ultrastructural study revealed that cells in the myxoid metaplastic lesion had well-developed cytoplasmic secretory elements, including abundant rough endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, and many smooth-walled vesicles. These ganglion cysts apparently resulted from the metaplasia of fibroblasts to secreting cells. PMID:10896396

  12. New insights about suprapatellar cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomislav Crnkovic

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available bursa is located between the quadriceps tendon and femur, and it develops before the birth as a separate synovial compartment proximal to the knee joint. By the fifth month of fetal life there is a suprapatellar septum between the knee joint cavity and suprapatellar bursa which later perforates and involutes in a way that a normal communication between the cavity of bursa and knee is established. A small portion of the embrionic septum can later lag as more or less expressed suprapatellar plica. In case when suprapatellar plica has a small communication with valve mechanism or in case of complete septum, bursa becomes a separate compartment and potential location for the suprapatellar cyst development. Magnetic resonance imaging is recognised as the gold standard in diagnosis of knee cysts because of its ability to show cystic nature of the lesion, its relationship with other anatomic structures, as well as to establish whether other knee pathologies are present. Considering treatment possibilities, majority of cysts around the knee resolve spontaneously and should be treated by aspiration and application of corticosteroids. Suprapatellar cyst is a very rare knee pathology and it can in some occasions be treated using open or arthroscopic surgery.

  13. True Intramural Esophageal Duplication Cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salim Al-Riyami

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Esophageal duplication is the second most common site of gastrointestinal duplication and most cases present with complications. These complications include bleeding, infection, dysphagia, and dyspnea. We report an incidental case of a true intramural esophageal duplication cyst in a new military recruit. The patient was diagnosed in Armed Forces Hospital, Oman. The patient came for a pre-recruitment routine check-up, he was found to have a suspicious soft tissue lesion on chest X-ray. He was referred to the thoracic surgeon for further investigations. The investigations included computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging chest scans, barium swallow, endoscopy and, finally, an endoscopic ultrasound. All workup pointed to a diagnosis of esophageal duplication cyst; therefore, the decision was made to excise the lesion after discussion with the patient about the possible diagnosis and nature of the treatment. The cyst was completely excised thoracoscopically with uneventful recovery. The patient was discharged a few days later and was doing well in subsequent visits to the outpatient department. The histopathological exam confirmed the diagnosis of a true congenital duplication cyst, which was lined by pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium overlying double layers of thick bundles of smooth muscle fibers.

  14. Splenic Hydatid Cysts: 17 Cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozogul, Bunyami; Kisaoglu, Abdullah; Atamanalp, Sabri Selcuk; Ozturk, Gurkan; Aydinli, Bulent; Yıldırgan, Mehmet İlhan; Kantarcı, A Mecit

    2015-12-01

    Hydatid cyst disease, which is endemically observed and an important health problem in our country, involves the spleen at a frequency ranking third following the liver and the lungs. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy and results of management in splenic hydatid cysts. The demographic data, localization, diagnosis, treatment methods, and the length of postoperative hospital stay of patients with splenic hydatid cysts in a 12-year period were evaluated retrospectively. Seventeen cases were evaluated. Among these, 13 were females and four were males. Seven had solitary splenic involvement, eight had involvement of both the spleen and the liver, and two had multiple organ involvement. Ten had undergone splenectomy, one had undergone distal splenectomy, and the remaining cases had undergone different surgical procedures. The patients had received albendazole treatment in the pre- and postoperative period. One patient had died secondary to hypernatremia on the first postoperative day. The clinical picture in splenic hydatid cysts, which is seen rarely, is usually asymptomatic. The diagnosis is established by ultrasonography and abdominal CT. Although splenectomy is the standard mode of treatment, spleen-preserving methods may be used. PMID:26730005

  15. Prenatal and postnatal sonographic findings of uncomplicated ovarian cysts: 'Daughter cyst' sign

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rhee, Chang Soo; Kim, Mi Jeong; Lee, Jin Hee; Kim, Hun; Lee, Hee Jung; Shon, Chul Ho; Lee, Sung Moon; Kim, Jung Sik; Kim, Hong; Woo, Seung Koo [Keimyung University School of Medicine, Taegu (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-03-15

    To compare pre- and postnatal sonographic findings of ovarian cysts in neonates and to present a 'daughter cyst' sign for uncomplicated ovarian cysts. The study group consisted of six cases of neonatal ovarian cysts which were evaluated by both prenata (mean, IUP 36 weeks+3 days) and postnatal(mean, 2 days after birth) ultrasound studies. Two ovarian cysts were confirmed by surgery and the remaining four were clinically diagnosed. Postnatal sonography was prospectively evaluated and prenatal ultrasound scans were retrospectively evaluated. The size, contents, and wall thickness of the cyst were evaluated. We also analyzed presence or absence of a 'daughter cyst' , defined as a small cyst surrounded by a complete wall, protruding into the cyst lumen or along the cyst wall. Pathologic correlation of the daughter cyst was performed in two cases. The mean sizes of the ovarian cysts were 59.6 X 46.1 mm on prenatal and 73.0 X 49.2 mm on postnatal studies. Five were anechoic and thin walled cysts on both pre- and postnatal studies. One case revealed debris in the cyst lumen on prenatal study but was completely involuted on postnatal study. All six were unilocular in shape. The 'daughter cyst' sign was seen in two on prenatal and in four (80%) on postnatal studies. The 'daughter cyst' on sonography was corresponded to a follicle on pathology. The 'daughter cyst' sign appeared to be helpful for the diagnosis of neonatal ovarian cyst on both pre- and postnatal ultrasound studies.

  16. Congenital cervical bronchogenic cyst: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiralj Aleksandar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Bronchogenic cysts are rare congenital anomalies of the embryonic foregut. They are caused by abnormal budding of diverticulum of the embryonic foregut between the 26th and 40th day of gestation. Bronchogenic cysts can appear in the mediastinum and pulmonary parenchyma, or at ectopic sites (neck, subcutaneous tissue or abdomen. So far, 70 cases of cervical localization of bronchogenic cysts have been reported. Majority of bronchogenic cysts have been diagnosed in the pediatric population. Bronchogenic cysts of the cervical area are generally asymptomatic and symptoms may occur if cysts become large or in case of infection of the cyst. The diagnosis is made based on clinical findings, radiological examination, but histopathologic findings are essential for establishing the final diagnosis. Treatment of cervical bronchogenic cyst involves surgical excision. Case Outline. Authors present a case of a 6-year-old female patient sent by a pediatrician to a maxillofacial surgeon due to asymptomatic lump on the left side of the neck. The patient had frequent respiratory infections and respiratory obstructions. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI of the neck was performed and a well-circumscribed cystic formation on the left side of the neck was observed, with paratracheal location. The complete excision of the cyst was made transcervically. Histopathological findings pointed to bronchogenic cyst. Conclusion. Cervical bronchogenic cysts are rare congenital malformations. Considering the location, clinical findings and the radiological features, these cysts resemble other cervical lesions. Surgical treatment is important because it is both therapeutic and diagnostic. Reliable diagnosis of bronchogenic cysts is based on histopathological examination.

  17. Complex renal cysts associated with crizotinib treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An apparent causal association between crizotinib treatment and renal cyst development emerged during clinical trials in anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Serious adverse event (SAE) reports of renal cysts from a safety database of 1375 patients from four clinical trials were reviewed. A blinded, retrospective, independent radiologic review (IRR) was performed using scans from patients on study for ≥6 months in three clinical trials; risk factors for renal cyst development were assessed. Among 17 patients with renal cysts reported as SAEs, evidence of invasion into adjacent structures was noted in seven patients, with no evidence of malignancy found. These patients generally did not require dose reductions, none required permanent crizotinib discontinuation due to this AE, and most continued treatment with clinical benefit. In the blinded IRR, among 255 crizotinib-treated patients, 22%, 3%, and 2% had preexisting simple cysts, complex cysts, or both, respectively. At the 6-month tumor assessment, 9% of all patients had acquired new cysts, and 2% of patients with preexisting cysts had developed new cysts and enlargements (>50%) of preexisting simple cysts. Asians appeared to have an increased risk of developing new cysts on treatment; Koreans in particular had 5.18 times higher odds of developing cysts than non-Asians (95% confidence interval, 1.51–17.78; P = 0.05). Crizotinib treatment appears to be associated with an increased risk of development and progression of renal cysts in patients with ALK-positive NSCLC. While close monitoring is recommended, dosing modification was not generally necessary, allowing patients to remain on crizotinib treatment

  18. Atypical evolution of a calcified lipid cyst presenting spontaneously as a suspicious cluster of microcalcifications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report an infrequent mammographic case in which a gross-calcified lipid cyst evolved spontaneously to form a cluster of pleomorphic microcalcifications which were indistinguishable from those seen in breast cancer. The biopsy performed was consistent with fat necrosis. Ultrasonography of the specimen showed a nodule with mixed echogenicity surrounded by a hypoechoic rim. To our knowledge, this behavior is extremely rare, with only one similar case reported in the literature. (orig.)

  19. A ganglion cyst derived from a synovial cyst: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kizilay, Zahir; Yilmaz, Ali; Gurcan, Sevilay; Berber, Osman; Ozsunar, Yelda; Eliyatkın, Nuket

    2015-01-01

    The synovial and ganglion cysts originating from the facet joint have been named under the name of the Juxtafacet cyst by the several researchers. They put forward that the synovial cyst originated from the synovial joint. But, they failed to clarify the pathophysiology of the formation of the ganglion cyst. In this case report, we reported a 67-year-old male patient was referred to the emergency from another center with the complaint of a left leg pain and weakness in the left foot and patient was treated with microchirurgical technique. His patological examination was evaluated a ganglion cyst. We have discussed and explained the pathophysiology of the formation of a ganglion cyst derivered from a synovial cyst. And separately, we have presented the spinal cysts by grouping them under a new classification called a cystic formation of the soft tissue attachments of the mobile spine as well as dividing them into sub-groups. PMID:26652879

  20. Müllerian-type, cutaneous ciliated cyst in the gluteal cleft mimicking a pilonidal cyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Jin Sol; Bhalla, Varun K; Needham, Lance; Sharma, Suash; Pipkin, Walter L; Hatley, Robyn M; Howell, Charles G

    2014-05-01

    A cutaneous ciliated cyst is a rare entity found predominantly in the lower extremities and perineal region of young females. Although initially described by Hess in 1890, the present day term, "cutaneous ciliated cyst," was proposed by Farmer in 1978 and includes a wide array of cyst types. Despite their typical female predominance and location, many have described cutaneous ciliated cysts in males and atypical locations. In addition, Mullerian cysts in the posterior mediastinum and the retroperitoneum have been reported. To date, only 40 cases have been reported in the literature of a Mullerian-type, cutaneous ciliated cyst. Here, we report a case of 13-year-old female with one in the gluteal cleft, initially presenting as a pilonidal cyst. We also discuss the differential diagnosis of pediatric sacrococcygeal lesions and pathogenesis of a Mullerian-type, cutaneous ciliated cyst. PMID:23913265

  1. Subarachnoid cyst in a cat

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A five-year-old domestic longhair was presented with hind-limb ataxia and some degree of incontinence of two weeks' duration. An enlarged spinal canal from the twelfth thoracic (T-12) vertebra to the third lumbar (L(3)) vertebra was identified on survey radiographs. An intradural-extramedullary cavity at the twelfth (T-12) and thirteenth (T-13) thoracic vertebrae, filled with contrast material, was demonstrated on myelography. A left-sided hemilaminectomy was performed over this region, and a subarachnoid cavitation or cyst was found to be the cause of the severe spinal-cord compression. The cyst was drained. The cat showed improvement in the neurological signs during the first three weeks postoperatively. Six months later no neurological deficits were identified on follow-up examination

  2. Intraosseous ganglion cyst of olecranon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abolghasem Zarezadeh

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Intraosseous ganglia are benign cysts that usually can be seen in lower extremity; especially around ankle. These cysts have fewer incidences in upper extremity, mainly around the wrist. They are extremely rare in olecranon. These lesions are often asymptomatic. Patient was a 75-year-old man who had trauma many years ago. When he came to our clinic, he complained of severe pain around his elbow that he could not do ordinary activity. He had local tenderness in elbow and 30 degree limitation in extension. In radiography, lytic, multiloculated lesion existed in region of olecranon. After excisional biopsy was done, cavity was cleaned completely with curette and was filled with autogenous bone. At 10-year follow-up, the patient was completely asymptomatic. Control radiograph showed cavity filled completely by bone; there was no evidence of relapse.

  3. Recurrent Primary Spinal Hydatid Cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Okan Turk

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Primary hydatid disease of spine is rare and spinal hydatitosis constitute only 1% of all hydatitosis. We report a case of recurrent primary intraspinal extradural hydatid cyst of the thoracic region causing progressive paraparesis. The patient was operated 16 years ago for primary spinal hydatid disease involvement and was instrumented dorsally for stabilization. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI of thoracic spine showed a cystic lesion at T11-12 level and compressed spinal cord posterolaterally. Intraspinal cyst was excised through T11-12 laminectomy which made formerly. The early postoperative period showed a progressive improvement of his neurological deficit and he was discharged with antihelmintic treatment consisting of albendazole and amoxicillin-sulbactam combination. [Cukurova Med J 2015; 40(Suppl 1: 84-89

  4. Magnetic resonance imaging for postoperative maxillary cyst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Magnetic resonance images of 47 patients with postoperative maxillary cyst were analyzed for size, location, and signal intensity. The smallest cyst was confirmed at surgery to be 1 cmx1 cmx1 cm and the largest 5 cmx5 cmx5 cm. The cysts were usually found in the superomedial and inferomedial parts of the maxillary sinus (44%). Many patients (60%) had multiple cysts or bilateral cysts (30%). In most the signal intensity was low in the T1-weighted SE (500/40) images and high in the T2-weighted SE (2000/80) images. Cysts with a hemorrhagic component, though rare, showed high signal intensity in both T1-and T2-weighted images. (author)

  5. Unusual Cases of Epidermoid cyst: Case Series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lalita Yadav

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In the oro-facial region cystic lesions of different etiologies are encountered owing to the presence of the teeth in the jaw bones. A bewildering variety of developmental, odontogenic and non-odontogenic cysts are seen. Epidermoid cyst is a rare developmental cyst of the oro-facial region which results from entrapped epidermal elements without adnexal appendages. Dermoid and epidermoid cysts occur in oro-facial region with an incidence of 6.9-7% and represents less than 0.01% of all oral cavity cysts. Here we report two cases of epidermoid cysts occurring at unusual locations involving upper left maxillary region lateral to the nose and pinna of the ear.

  6. Glandular odontogenic cyst: A diagnostic dilemma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Amisha A; Sangle, Amit; Bussari, Smita; Koshy, Ajit V

    2016-01-01

    Glandular odontogenic cyst (GOC) is a rare and uncommon jaw bone cyst of odontogenic origin described in 1987 by Gardener et al. as a distinct entity. It is a cyst having an unpredictable, potentially aggressive behavior, and has the propensity to grow in large size with relatively high recurrence rate. It poses a diagnostic challenge as it can be clinically and histopathologically confused with lateral periodontal cyst, botryoid odontogenic cyst, radicular and residual cysts with mucous metaplasia, and low-grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma. The present case report describes GOC in both male and female patients with intra-oral swelling following extraction of 36 and 46, respectively. Careful histopathological examination is needed to diagnose GOC, and a careful long-term follow-up is advocated. PMID:27134453

  7. Management of ovarian cysts in infants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Xue-qiang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: To discuss the experience of diagnosis and treatment of ovarian cyst in infants. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review was conducted on 20 infants who suffered from ovarian cyst. Results: There were no dysplasia ovarian was found in children which were preoperatively diagnosed simplex cyst. Within thirteen children preoperatively detected mixed cystic-solid lesion, six cases ovarian cysts disappeared and two cases underwent poor blood supply in the following time. Conclusion: Adverse effects for ovarian cyst in infants can be prevented by agressive surgical intervention. Harmful effects of ovarian cyst can be prevented by positive surgical intervention despite the diagnostic difficulties in children with clinical symptoms of this condition.

  8. Lymphoepithelial cyst of the submandibular gland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Saneem Ahamed

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Lymphoepithelial cysts are benign, slowly growing unilocular or multilocular lesions that appear in the head and neck. They are also called Branchial cyst. The head and neck sites are the salivary glands(more commonly parotid and rarely submandibular gland and the oral cavity (usually the floor of the mouth. there are various methods of investigation available today, of which Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC can be used to provide an immediate diagnosis of a lymphoepithelial cyst. The other investigations include, Ultrasonogram,and Computed tomography.It usually occurs due to the process of lymphocyte-induced cystic ductular dilatation and the confirmatory diagnosis is always made postoperatively by histopathological examination. The mainstay in the treatment of a lymphoepithelial cyst remains the surgical approach, which includes complete enucleation of the cyst along with total excision of the involved salivary gland. This is a report of a lymphoepithelial cyst involving the submandibular salivary gland and its management.

  9. Echinoccocal cyst affecting the mandible

    OpenAIRE

    Bhola, Nitin; Jadhav, Anendd; Borle, Rajiv; Shukla, Samarth

    2015-01-01

    Echinococcosis is a parasitic infection also called as hydatid disease or hydatidosis. Hydatidosis is a cyclo-zoonotic infection of the larvae form of Echinococcus granulosus (canine tapeworm). The majority of hydatid cysts are seen in the liver (65%) as most of the embryos are trapped within it. Infratemporal region is an unusual site for hydatidosis and has been sparsely reported in the literature. To the best of our knowledge, this is the fourth and perhaps the largest case report of hydat...

  10. Cysts of the semilunar cartilage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On the basis of the studies listed in the bibliography, this dissertation reports on the pathology, clinical symptoms and radiology of cysts of the semilunar cartilage. The author analyses 118 cases of his own, with special regard to the results of pneumo-arthrographic investigations carried through according to a special technique by Schaefer. In the course of this work, measurements of the meniscal base are for the first time used as radiological criteria indicating the presence of a cyst of the semilunar cartilage. Furthermore the well-known radiological signs of cysts, such as bone defects according to Albert and Keller, light central spot in the meniscal body, as well as Rauber's sign and horizontal rupture, are investigated as to the frequency of their incidence. For that purpose all the X-ray pictures were subjected to a further dose scrutiny. A list of all the 118 cases with their clinical and radiological data is found in the annex, together with the results of the operations and patho-anatomical investigations. (orig.)

  11. Midline Prostatic Cyst Marsupialization Using Holmium Laser

    OpenAIRE

    Mehmet Kilinc; Yunus Emre Goger; Mesut Piskin; Mehmet Balasar; Abdulkadir Kandemir

    2015-01-01

    Many of the prostatic cysts are asymptomatic and only 5% are symptomatic (Hamper et al., 1990; Higashi et al., 1990). These symptoms include pelvic pain, hematospermia, infertility, voiding dysfunction, prostatitis-like syndrome, and painful ejaculation. Treatment of prostatic cysts includes TRUSG guided drainage, endoscopic transurethral resection, and in some cases even open surgery. In the literature, endoscopic interventions use marsupialization of the midline prostatic cyst with transure...

  12. Young girl with multiple intracranial hydatid cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Sen, Nani; Laha, Debal; P K Gangopadhyay; Mohanty, B.C.

    2012-01-01

    8 years young girl presented with uncontrolled seizures in obtunded and bedridden state. MRI brain showed multiple extra-axial coalescent cystic lesions in bilateral frontotemporo parietal regions – diagnosed as multiple hydatid cyst. We used irrigation saline during surgery and a total 35 cysts were removed intact, one by one separately and histologically confirmed as hydatid cyst. Postoperatively, patient showed marked neurological improvement and was seizure free.

  13. Syringomyelia Associated with a Spinal Arachnoid Cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Min-Su; Kim, Seong-Ho

    2009-01-01

    While syringomyelia is not a rare spinal disorder, syringomyelia associated with a spinal arachnoid cyst is very unusual. Here, we report a 62-year-old man who suffered from gait disturbance and numbness of bilateral lower extremities. Spinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed the presence of a spinal arachnoid cyst between the 7th cervical and 3rd thoracic vertebral segment and syringomyelia extending between the 6th cervical and 1st thoracic vertebral segment. The cyst had compressed t...

  14. Relationship of Simple Renal Cyst to Hypertension

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Su-Mi; Chung, Tae-Heum; Oh, Myoung-Soon; Kwon, Sung-Gul; Bae, Sung-Jin

    2014-01-01

    Background Simple renal cyst is the most common cystic deformation found in adults. However, there were a few systematic Korean reports for the clinical symptoms and complications of simple renal cysts. The author's purpose was to determine the relationship between simple renal cysts diagnosed by abdominal ultrasonography and hypertension. Methods Among 13,482 persons who took a routine physical examination at Ulsan University Hospital in 2002, 5,127 persons who took medical examinations agai...

  15. Radiofrequency Ablation of Hepatic Cysts : Case Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiofrequency ablation has been frequently performed on intra-hepatic solid tumor, namely, hepatocellular carcinoma, metastatic tumor and cholangio carcinoma, for take the cure. But, the reports of radiofrequency ablation for intrahepatic simple cysts are few. In vitro experiment of animal and in vivo treatment for intrahepatic cysts of human had been reported in rare cases. We report 4 cases of radiofrequency ablation for symptomatic intrahepatic cysts

  16. The Drosophila cyst stem cell lineage

    OpenAIRE

    Zoller, Richard; Schulz, Cordula

    2012-01-01

    In all animals, germline cells differentiate in intimate contact with somatic cells and interactions between germline and soma are particularly important for germline development and function. In the male gonad of Drosophila melanogaster, the developing germline cells are enclosed by somatic cyst cells. The cyst cells are derived from cyst stem cells (CySCs) of somatic origin and codifferentiate with the germline cells. The fast generation cycle and the genetic tractability of Drosophila has ...

  17. An unusual cause of posterior mediastinal cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahajal Dhooria

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Cystic lesions of the mediastinum may be congenital or acquired. The differential diagnosis depends on their location in the mediastinum. Cysts in the posterior mediastinum are generally developmental cysts and are neurogenic or of foregut origin. We report the case of a 14-year-old boy, who presented with dry cough and progressively increasing breathlessness, and was found to have a cystic lesion in the posterior mediastinum. Fine needle aspiration from the cyst helped make a diagnosis of tuberculosis.

  18. An unusual cause of posterior mediastinal cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Sahajal Dhooria; Valliappan Muthu; Ritesh Agarwal

    2015-01-01

    Cystic lesions of the mediastinum may be congenital or acquired. The differential diagnosis depends on their location in the mediastinum. Cysts in the posterior mediastinum are generally developmental cysts and are neurogenic or of foregut origin. We report the case of a 14-year-old boy, who presented with dry cough and progressively increasing breathlessness, and was found to have a cystic lesion in the posterior mediastinum. Fine needle aspiration from the cyst helped make a diagnosis of tu...

  19. Biocontrol: Fungal Parasites of Female Cyst Nematodes

    OpenAIRE

    Kerry, Brian

    1980-01-01

    Three species of fungi, Catenaria auxiliarls (Kühn) Tribe, Nematophthora gynophila Kerry and Crump, and a Lagenidiaceous fungus have been found attacking female cyst nematodes. All are zoosporic fungi which parasitize females on the root surface, cause the breakdown of the nematode cuticle, and prevent cyst formation. Their identification and some aspects of their biology are reviewed. N. gynophila is widespread in Britain and reduces populations of the cereal cyst nematode, Heterodera avenae...

  20. Microendoscopic medial facetectomy for lumber facet cyst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report on three cases of lumbar intraspinal facet cysts treated by microendoscopic resection. The chief complaint in all three cases was radiculopathy, which was confirmed by a facetgram. A CT facetgram showed the connection between the degenerated facet joints and the cysts. Microendoscopic medial facetectomy was performed, and the cysts were resected. There was no increase in lumbar segmental instability, and the patients have been symptom-free for 13 to 20 months postoperatively. (author)

  1. Ovarian hydatid cyst: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Cattorini, L.; Trastulli, S.; Milani, D.; Cirocchi, R.; Giovannelli, G.; Avenia, N; Sciannameo, F.

    2011-01-01

    Discovering an hydatid cyst in pelvic region, especially as primary localization, is a rare event; as a matter of fact according to data provided by literature the incidence is between 0.2 and 2.25%. The ovarian involvement is often secondary to a cyst's dissemination localized in a different site. When possible the optimal treatment is represented by radical laparotomic cystectomy. We report a case of an old woman affected by this pathology that we have treated with a cyst's marsupialization...

  2. Vanishing large ovarian cyst with thyroxine therapy

    OpenAIRE

    Dharmshaktu, Pramila; Kutiyal, Aditya; Dhanwal, Dinesh

    2013-01-01

    Summary A 21-year-old female patient recently diagnosed with severe hypothyroidism was found to have a large ovarian cyst. In view of the large ovarian cyst, she was advised to undergo elective laparotomy in the gynaecology department. She was further evaluated in our medical out-patient department (OPD), and elective surgery was withheld. She was started on thyroxine replacement therapy, and within a period of 4 months, the size of the cyst regressed significantly, thereby improving the cond...

  3. Isolated hydatid cyst of the adrenal gland

    OpenAIRE

    Grubor Nikica; Čolović Radoje; Radak Vladimir; Čolović Nataša

    2006-01-01

    Introduction: Hydatid cyst of the adrenal gland is extremely rare even in generalized hydatid disease, with less than 20 cases reported in world literature including those found in autopsy. Case outline: The authors present the second case of the adrenal gland hydatid cyst described in Serbian literature, in 52-year old woman. During the investigation for the epigastric pain by ultrasonography and computed tomography, calcified cyst of the sixth segment of the liver, 44Ч39 mm in diameter, was...

  4. [A neonate with an interlabial cyst].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuipers, Bart C W; Jansen, Esther J S; van Mil, Edgar G A H

    2015-01-01

    During a routine physical examination of a term, healthy neonate of Somalian origin we observed an anteriorly located interlabial yellow cyst with visible vascularisation on the outer surface. It caused lateralisation of the urinary meatus without notable obstruction. A Skene's duct cyst, or paraurethral cyst, was clinically diagnosed with spontaneous regression. This is a self-limiting phenomenon of unknown origin that rarely requires surgical drainage in case of urinary obstruction. PMID:25563786

  5. Intratendinous ganglion cyst of the semimembranosus tendon

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, S K; Park, J. M.; Choi, J E; Rhee, S K; Shim, S. I.

    2010-01-01

    Intratendinous ganglion cyst is a very rare lesion with an unknown aetiology that originates within the tendon. We encountered a case of 43-year-old woman who complained of a palpable, non-tender mass in the thigh with increasing swelling. An intratendinous ganglion cyst in the semimembranosus tendon of the lower extremity was diagnosed and located by ultrasound and MRI. Nine months after a surgical excision, there were recurrent ganglion cysts along the semimembranosus tendon. We describe th...

  6. Lymphoepithelial cyst of the submandibular gland

    OpenAIRE

    A Saneem Ahamed; V Sadesh Kannan; K Velaven; G R Sathyanarayanan; Roshni, J.; E Elavarasi

    2014-01-01

    Lymphoepithelial cysts are benign, slowly growing unilocular or multilocular lesions that appear in the head and neck. They are also called Branchial cyst. The head and neck sites are the salivary glands(more commonly parotid and rarely submandibular gland) and the oral cavity (usually the floor of the mouth). there are various methods of investigation available today, of which Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) can be used to provide an immediate diagnosis of a lymphoepithelial cyst. The...

  7. Caroli's disease misdiagnosed as hydatid liver cysts.

    OpenAIRE

    Akoglu, M.; B. R. Davidson

    1991-01-01

    A 27 year old woman who presented with upper abdominal pain was found on ultrasonography to have multiple liver cysts consistent with hydatid disease. Three years previously she had undergone evacuation of multiple infected liver cysts thought to be due to hydatid disease. Computed tomographic scanning supported the diagnosis of hydatid disease affecting the right lobe of the liver. At laparotomy the right lobe contained multiple cysts which were removed by right lobectomy. Histology revealed...

  8. Diagnosis and evaluation of renal cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waterman, Jack

    2014-12-01

    Renal cysts are commonly encountered in clinical practice. Although most cysts found on routine imaging studies are benign, there must be an index of suspicion to exclude a neoplastic process or the presence of a multicystic disorder. This article focuses on the more common adult cystic diseases, including simple and complex renal cysts, autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease, and acquired cystic kidney disease. PMID:25439536

  9. The Baker's cyst - a diagnostic problem

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Precise definition of Baker's cyst has been prevented by variety of synonyms. Following anatomical description, Baker's determination, and investigations of myself one should differentiate between the rupture of capsule, bursa semimembranos-gastrocnemia, and Baker's cyst because thea are clearly independent from the pathologic-anatomical point of view. Clinical importance of Baker's cyst in connection with further diseases of the knee joint and therapeutical possibilities are discussed. (orig.)

  10. Surgical treatment of sacral perineural cyst--case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsumoto, Hiroaki; Matsumoto, Shigeo; Miki, Takanori; Miyaji, Yuki; Minami, Hiroaki; Masuda, Atsushi; Tominaga, Shogo; Yoshida, Yasuhisa; Yamaura, Ikuya; Natsume, Shigeatsu; Yoshida, Kozo

    2011-01-01

    A 67-year-old man presented with persistent penis and scrotum pain due to S-2 and S-3 radiculopathy caused by a sacral perineural cyst. The cyst was treated with microsurgical partial cyst removal and cyst wall imbrication, together with closure of the point through which cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flowed from the subarachnoid space into the cyst cavity. His pain resolved without recurrence of the cyst or complications. Symptomatic perineural cysts are quite rare. Surgical closure of the point through which CSF flows from the subarachnoid space into the cyst cavity is the most important intervention for symptomatic perineural cysts. If the source of CSF leakage cannot be detected, placement of a cyst-subarachnoid shunt should be considered in addition to partial cyst removal and cyst wall imbrication. PMID:22198114

  11. Improved In Vitro Excystation Procedure for Giardia lamblia Cysts

    OpenAIRE

    Rice, Eugene W.; Schaefer, Frank W.

    1981-01-01

    Giardia lamblia cysts obtained from human symptomatic and asymptomatic donors were excysted in vitro. Excystation averaged 87% for cysts from symptomatic donors and 70% for cysts from asymptomatic donors.

  12. Hip labral cyst caused by psoas impingement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tey, Marc; Alvarez, Sonia; Ríos, Jose L

    2012-08-01

    Hip labral impingement can cause labral tears and secondary paralabral cyst formation. Femoroacetabular impingement is the main cause of labral impingement, but other conditions such as iliopsoas tendon impingement are described. There is no description of labral cyst resulting from psoas impingement treated arthroscopically in the literature. We present the case of a young sportsman with groin pain caused by psoas impingement with a labral tear and secondary paralabral cyst who was treated arthroscopically by cyst debridement, psoas tenotomy, and labral repair. PMID:22840990

  13. Hydatid cyst involving the aortic arch.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apaydin, Anil Z; Oguz, Emrah; Zoghi, Mehdi

    2007-03-01

    We report a very rare case of primary mediastinal hydatid cyst which invaded the ascending aorta and the aortic arch which initially presented as a cranial mass. Aortic wall is a very unusual site for the hydatid cysts. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of hydatid cyst located within the aortic arch lumen. Patient underwent ascending aortic and hemiarch replacement under hypothermic circulatory arrest and removal of the cyst. Patient had an uneventful recovery and has been on follow-up. Although the literature data are very limited, we believe that the aortic procedure of choice should be graft interpositon rather than patch repair. PMID:17215134

  14. MRI of symptomatic sacral perineural cyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araki, Y; Tsukaguchi, I; Ishida, T; Ootani, M; Yamamoto, T; Tomoda, K; Mitomo, M

    1992-01-01

    Sacral perineural cyst is a relatively rare condition. To our knowledge, reports of MR findings associated with sacral perineural cyst have been limited to only six cases. We present for the first time high field MR findings in a case of sacral perineural cyst. The cyst appeared as a cystic lesion in the sacral spinal canal and had intermediate signal intensity on T1W images and high signal intensity on T2*W images compared with CSF. Slight erosion remodeling of the sacrum was also seen anteriorly. Our case was symptomatic and present with radiculopathy (sciatic pain). Surgical treatment was done to result in dramatic improvement of the sciatic pain. PMID:1337620

  15. Concomitant pituitary adenoma and Rathke's cleft cyst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We reviewed the clinical, radiological and surgical findings in patients with both pituitary adenoma and Rathke's cleft cyst. We retrospectively selected patients with both lesions from the 374 patients in whom a sellar/juxtasellar lesion was detected on MRI at 1.5 tesla. All patients received intravenous contrast medium. Concomitant pituitary adenoma and Rathke's cleft cyst were found in eight patients (2.1 %). The frequency of the combination was 3.5 % of pituitary adenomas and 11 % of Rathke's cleft cysts. Symptoms were always due to the adenoma, secreting adrenocorticotrophin in two patients and growth hormone in six. The adenoma was larger in five patients, and the cyst in three. The cysts gave variable signal. The adenoma was adjacent to the cyst in seven patients, and enclosed it in the other patient. As a result of experience with MRI, concomitant pituitary adenoma and Rathke's cleft cyst are now known not to be as rare as thought previously. When a nonenhancing cyst-like structure is demonstrated in a patient with pituitary adenoma, the possibility of a coexisting Rathke's cleft cyst should be considered. (orig.)

  16. Diagnosis and management of bilateral nasolabial cysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajkumar Parwani

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Nasolabial cysts are painless, submucosal, non-odontogenic jaw cysts presenting as soft tissue swellings in the maxillary anterior mucolabial fold lateral to midline, leading to elevation of nasal ala. Present case documents bilateral nasolabial cysts in a 69-year-old Asian female patient. In the present case, extraoral swelling of maxillary lip and elevation of nasal ala was observed on right side of the face. Intraorally, soft and fluctuant bilateral cysts were observed. Straw-colored fluid was aspirated from the right cyst. Radiographically, erosion of bone in a "cupping" fashion was observed in the region of left cyst. The cysts were enucleated using intraoral approach. Histopathology of the right-sided cyst revealed a cystic cavity lined by stratified squamous cells along with a few mucosal cells. At few places, stratified squamous and pseudostratified columnar epithelia with many cilia and goblet cells were also evident. Capsule was loosely arranged with fibrous tissue and chronic inflammatory infiltrate. Left-sided cystic specimen showed two or more layered stratified squamous lining epithelium with thin capsule. Diagnosis of bilateral nasolabial/nasoalveolar cysts was confirmed.

  17. A Case Report of Enterogenous Cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Amini, M.D.

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Foregut cysts are various congenital lesions originated from emberyonic foregut. Bronchogenic, enterogenous and neuroenteric cysts are the most frequent forms of foregut cysts. They create different clinical symptoms based on their location. Enterogenous cysts comprise 4-5 percent of posterior mediastinal cysts and include esophageal, gastric and enteric cysts. A 61 year old woman referred to surgical clinic with dysphasia and regurgitation 6 months ago whose illness aggravared over the last 3 months. In physical examination, a lesion was seen in the right site of posterior mediastinum. Surgical excision was done and a ciliated columnar epithelium with two thin muscular layers were reported in pathology. In reality, the distinction between esophageal and bronchogenic cysts is not always clear. Both cysts present in mediastinum and their epithelial tissues are non-specific, however presence or lack of muscle layer in cyst-wall, proximity to gastrointestinal tract or tracheobronchial tree, adaption of clinical symptoms with paraclinic results and observations during surgical procedure can reveal certain diagnosis.

  18. A radiologic study of dentigerous cysts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kang, Tae Won; You Dong Soo [Dept. of Oral Radiology, College of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1982-11-15

    A radiologic study of 139 dentigerous cysts (128 patients) indicated the followings: 1. There was higher incidence in males (62.99%) than in females (37.01%). The most common age group was 11-20 years and the average age was 23.6 years. 2. The most common clinical symptoms was swelling of the jaws (49 cases, 33.09%), and no symptoms was presented in 26 cases (18.71%). 3. Dentigerous cysts were found to be slightly more common in the maxilla (53.24%) than in the mandible (46.76%) and there was almost no difference in occurrence between right and left side. The maxillary supernumerary tooth was the most frequent site of the dentigerous cyst and no dentigerous cyst was found to be related to a deciduous tooth. 4. The most common radiographic findings was root resorption of the adjacent teeth (33.09%), and the central dentigerous cysts were 78 cases (56.12%), the lateral dentigerous cysts were 61 cases (43.88%). 5. The increased radiolucency at the crown portion of the tooth in a cystic cavity was seen in 44 cases (31.65%), and a case of dentigerous cyst was found in a edentulous patient, and 16 cases of multiple dentigerous cysts were found in 5 patients. 6. The ameloblastic changes in 8 cases, the keratinization of the cyst wall in 2 cases, and a case of epidermoid carcinoma were confirmed microscopically.

  19. A radiologic study of dentigerous cysts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A radiologic study of 139 dentigerous cysts (128 patients) indicated the followings: 1. There was higher incidence in males (62.99%) than in females (37.01%). The most common age group was 11-20 years and the average age was 23.6 years. 2. The most common clinical symptoms was swelling of the jaws (49 cases, 33.09%), and no symptoms was presented in 26 cases (18.71%). 3. Dentigerous cysts were found to be slightly more common in the maxilla (53.24%) than in the mandible (46.76%) and there was almost no difference in occurrence between right and left side. The maxillary supernumerary tooth was the most frequent site of the dentigerous cyst and no dentigerous cyst was found to be related to a deciduous tooth. 4. The most common radiographic findings was root resorption of the adjacent teeth (33.09%), and the central dentigerous cysts were 78 cases (56.12%), the lateral dentigerous cysts were 61 cases (43.88%). 5. The increased radiolucency at the crown portion of the tooth in a cystic cavity was seen in 44 cases (31.65%), and a case of dentigerous cyst was found in a edentulous patient, and 16 cases of multiple dentigerous cysts were found in 5 patients. 6. The ameloblastic changes in 8 cases, the keratinization of the cyst wall in 2 cases, and a case of epidermoid carcinoma were confirmed microscopically.

  20. Retrorectal hamartoma: A 'tail' of two cysts!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peter, Prasant; George, Uttam; Peacock, Mark

    2010-05-01

    Retrorectal hamartomas or tail gut cysts are rare congenital anomalies most commonly seen in a retrorectal location; most common in middle aged women. This article describes the radiological appearance in two cases of tail gut cysts in males, one a child with a visible perianal swelling since birth and the other, a 72-year-old man with symptoms for one week. In both, the tailgut cysts were in a right perirectal location. Presentation in such a location in males, at extremes of age, is unusual for tailgut cysts. PMID:20607026

  1. Unusual Cases of Epidermoid cyst: Case Series

    OpenAIRE

    Lalita Yadav; Geetpriya Kaur; Naveen Puri; Varun Rastogi; Rachna Sharma

    2013-01-01

    In the oro-facial region cystic lesions of different etiologies are encountered owing to the presence of the teeth in the jaw bones. A bewildering variety of developmental, odontogenic and non-odontogenic cysts are seen. Epidermoid cyst is a rare developmental cyst of the oro-facial region which results from entrapped epidermal elements without adnexal appendages. Dermoid and epidermoid cysts occur in oro-facial region with an incidence of 6.9-7% and represents less than 0.01% of all oral cav...

  2. In vitro function of cyst epithelium from human polycystic kidney.

    OpenAIRE

    Perrone, R D

    1985-01-01

    It is thought that cysts in polycystic kidneys originate from nephron segments and function in a manner similar to the segment or origin. The indirect evidence for this derives from studies of microanatomy and cyst fluid composition. Cysts with low Na+ have been classified as distal, whereas cysts with high Na+ have been classified as proximal. In order to directly determine the transport characteristics of cyst epithelium, cysts from a human polycystic kidney were studied in vitro using Ussi...

  3. Tarlov cyst: Case report and review of literature

    OpenAIRE

    Prashad Bhagwat; Jain Anil; Dhammi Ish

    2007-01-01

    We describe a case of sacral perineural cyst presenting with complaints of low back pain with neurological claudication. The patient was treated by laminectomy and excision of the cyst. Tarlov cysts (sacral perineural cysts) are nerve root cysts found most commonly in the sacral roots, arising between the covering layer of the perineurium and the endoneurium near the dorsal root ganglion. The incidence of Tarlov cysts is 5% and most of them are asymptomatic, usually detected as inciden...

  4. Multi-vesicular pulmonary hydatid cyst, the potent underestimated factor in the formation of daughter cysts of pulmonary hydatid disease

    OpenAIRE

    Mohsen Sokouti; Babak Sokouti; Behrooz Shokouhi; Mohammad Hossein Rahimi-Rad

    2015-01-01

    Pulmonary multi-vesicular hydatid disease (HD) with Echinococcus granulosus is rare. A 28-year-old woman presented to our center with cough and respiratory distress. Chest x-ray and computerized tomography scan revealed bilateral giant cysts with water-lily sign (ruptured hydatid cysts). The left cyst was in vicinity of heart. With thoracotomy cysts of both lungs were removed. Thousands of translucent, homogenized small daughter cysts were discovered from the left side cyst. Pathologic examin...

  5. A RARE INTERESTING CASE OF HUGE OMENTAL CYST MIMICKING AN OVARIAN CYST

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Venkateswara Rao

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Omental cysts are very rare and usually present with painless abdominal swelling. An incidence of about 1 in 105000 to 140000 cases is reported in the literature 1. Omental cysts are 3 to 10 times rare than the mesenteric cysts. Ovarian cyst is the commonest ovarian mass in the gynecology outpatient department. A very rare huge Omental cystic mass is diagnosed provisionally as ovarian cyst and laparotomy was done. Our hospital is a 500 bedded rural based teaching hospital attached to a Government Medical college at Anantapuramu, Andhra Pradesh.

  6. Two cases of symptomatic perineural cysts (tarlov cysts) in one family: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Hyun Jun; Kim, Il Sup; Lee, Sang Won; Son, Byung Chul

    2008-09-01

    Symptomatic sacral perineural cysts are uncommon. Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain the etiologies of perineural cysts, but the accurate etiologies remain unclear. We experienced two cases of symptomatic sacral perineural cysts (Tarlov cysts) in one family, who presented with perianal paresthesia. Both of them were operated and postoperatively their symptoms were disappeared immediately. We experienced the excellent treatment outcome with the surgical management of symptomatic perineural cysts in the sacral region. We assume that the theory of congenital origin including a familial tendency is the most plausible of the hypotheses that have been proposed. PMID:19096672

  7. Classification, mechanism and surgical treatments for spinal canal cysts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jianjun Sun

    2016-01-01

    A variety of cystic lesions may develop in spinal canal. These cysts can be divided into intramedullary, intradural, extradural, cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacral cysts according to anatomical presentation, as well as arachnoid, meningeal, perineural, juxtafacet, discal, neurenteric cysts, and cyst-like lesions according to different etiologies. Mechanisms of initiation and growth vary for different cysts, such as congenital, trauma, bleeding, inflammatory, instability, hydrostatic pressure, osmosis of water, secretion of cyst wall, and one-way-valve effect, etc. Up to now, many treatment methods are available for these different spinal canal cysts. One operation method can be applied in cysts with different types. On the other hand, several operation methods may be utilized in one type of cyst according to the difference of location or style. However, same principle should be obeyed in surgical treatment despite of difference among spinal canal cysts, given open surgery is melely for symptomatic cyst. The surgical approach should be tailored to the individual patient.

  8. Aluminium and human breast diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darbre, P D; Pugazhendhi, D; Mannello, F

    2011-11-01

    The human breast is exposed to aluminium from many sources including diet and personal care products, but dermal application of aluminium-based antiperspirant salts provides a local long-term source of exposure. Recent measurements have shown that aluminium is present in both tissue and fat of the human breast but at levels which vary both between breasts and between tissue samples from the same breast. We have recently found increased levels of aluminium in noninvasively collected nipple aspirate fluids taken from breast cancer patients (mean 268 ± 28 μg/l) compared with control healthy subjects (mean 131 ± 10 μg/l) providing evidence of raised aluminium levels in the breast microenvironment when cancer is present. The measurement of higher levels of aluminium in type I human breast cyst fluids (median 150 μg/l) compared with human serum (median 6 μg/l) or human milk (median 25 μg/l) warrants further investigation into any possible role of aluminium in development of this benign breast disease. Emerging evidence for aluminium in several breast structures now requires biomarkers of aluminium action in order to ascertain whether the presence of aluminium has any biological impact. To this end, we report raised levels of proteins that modulate iron homeostasis (ferritin, transferrin) in parallel with raised aluminium in nipple aspirate fluids in vivo, and we report overexpression of mRNA for several S100 calcium binding proteins following long-term exposure of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells in vitro to aluminium chlorhydrate. PMID:22099158

  9. What Is Breast Cancer?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Next Topic Types of breast cancers What is breast cancer? Breast cancer starts when cells in the breast ... breast cancer? ” and Non-cancerous Breast Conditions . How Breast Cancer Spreads Breast cancer can spread through the lymph ...

  10. Sonographic Findings of Benign Breast Diseases, A Study of 111 Cases in Iranian Center for Breast Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. sedighi

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Background: Benign lesions are very common in breast. The most important consideration for physicians is to differentiate benign processes from malignant ones .Hence the clinicians and radi-ologists both wish to differentiate them even before surgical procedures. The Iranian Center for Breast Cancer linked to Jahad Daneshgahi Center is a referral place for patients with breast complaints. Patients & Methods: Retrospective study of sonographic findings of 111 patients with benign patho-logic diagnosis revealed 72.1% accuracy for sonogra-phy in diagnosing benign masses. In 31 cases (27.9%, the sonographic diagnosis was incorrect. Among the different benign lesions, the most common lesions were cysts, fibradenomas, and fibrocystic changes with respective sonographic accuracy of 100%, 90%, and 62.5%. Results: It shows that sonography has a high sensitiv-ity for diagnosis of benign breast lesions and this sen-sitivity is higher in cysts and fibradenomas which are the most common benign pathologies of breast. Conclusion: As a result, in this center sonography is an imaging modality for evaluating benign breast le-sion especially in young patients with dense breasts and palpable masses. Its unique role in diagnosis of the cysts is valuable especially to avoid repeated biopsies.

  11. Sonographic Spectrum of Tunica Albuginea Cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel M Alvarez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Tunica albuginea (TA cyst is the most common extratesticular benign mass, which is usually palpable. Ultrasound examination is the imaging modality of choice to characterize palpable testicular lesions. This pictorial essay presents the spectrum of sonographic features of TA cysts in order to assist radiologists in making the correct diagnosis and avoid unnecessary surgeries.

  12. Bilateral Pulmonary Cyst in a Child

    OpenAIRE

    Ravinder K Gupta, Ritu Gupta

    2008-01-01

    A four year old male child presented with history of cough for last six months. Chest skiagram and CTscan of mediastinum revealed bilateral pulmonary hydatid cyst. Serology did authenticate diagnosis. Thechild was prescribed albendazole for 6 months and was advised to come for follow up. The case ofbilateral pulmonary hydatid cyst is being presentated because of rarity.

  13. Bilateral Pulmonary Cyst in a Child

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravinder K Gupta, Ritu Gupta

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available A four year old male child presented with history of cough for last six months. Chest skiagram and CTscan of mediastinum revealed bilateral pulmonary hydatid cyst. Serology did authenticate diagnosis. Thechild was prescribed albendazole for 6 months and was advised to come for follow up. The case ofbilateral pulmonary hydatid cyst is being presentated because of rarity.

  14. Cardiac hydatid cyst revealed by ventricular tachycardia

    OpenAIRE

    Ibn Elhadj, Zied; Boukhris, Marouane; Kammoun, Ikram; Halima, Afef Ben; Addad, Faouzi; Kachboura, Salem

    2013-01-01

    Hydatid disease is a human parasitic infestation caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus Granulosus. The liver and the lungs are the most common locations. Cardiac involvement is rare and accounts for 0.5–2% of all hydatid disease. We report an unusual presentation of cardiac hydatid cyst revealed by ventricular tachycardia in a patient with a history of cerebral hydatid cyst.

  15. Retroperitoneal Cyst: An Uncommon Presentation of Filariasis

    OpenAIRE

    Senthil Ganesan; Saurabh Galodha; Rajan Saxena

    2015-01-01

    Primary retroperitoneal parasitic cysts are rare. Here we report about a middle aged male patient from rural north India with a recent onset of central abdominal retroperitoneal lump, pain, and fever. After surgical resection due to diagnostic uncertainty, at histopathology, it turned out be a filarial cyst. After receiving a course of diethylcarbamazine, the patient is asymptomatic at 4 months' follow-up.

  16. [Isolated epidermal cysts of the vulva].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalampalikis, A; Scheungraber, C; Goetze, S; Schliemann, S; Elsner, P

    2016-07-01

    Vulvar cysts are rare und benign entities. They are epidermoid cysts which may develop following trauma or surgery. They can also spontaneously develop. They vary in number and size. They grow slowly and tend to show calcification. The treatment consists of surgical removal. Other methods are pinch-punch excision, heat application, and incision. PMID:26857133

  17. Ruptured corpus luteal cyst: CT findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Hyuck Jae; Kim, Seung Hyup; Kim, Sun Ho; Kim, Hyo Cheol; Park, Chang Min; Lee, Hak Jong; Moon, Min Hoan; Jeong, Jun Yong [Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2003-03-01

    To evaluate the CT findings of ruptured corpus luteal cysts. Six patients with a surgically proven ruptured corpus luteal cyst were included in this series. The prospective CT findings were retrospectively analyzed in terms of the size and shape of the cyst, the thickness and enhancement pattern of its wall, the attenuation of its contents, and peritoneal fluid. The mean diameter of the cysts was 2.8 (range, 1.5-4.8) cm; three were round and three were oval. The mean thickness of the cyst wall was 4.7 (range, 1-10) mm; in all six cases it showed strong enhancement, and in three was discontinuous. In five of six cases, the cystic contents showed high attenuation. Peritoneal fluid was present in all cases, and its attenuation was higher, especially around the uterus and adnexa, than that of urine present in the bladder. In a woman in whom CT reveals the presence of an ovarian cyst with an enhancing rim and highly attenuated contents, as well as highly attenuated peritoneal fluid, a ruptured corpus luteal cyst should be suspected. Other possible evidence of this is focal interruption of the cyst wall and the presence of peritoneal fluid around the adnexa.

  18. Hydatid cyst of ovary- a rare entity

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Hydatid disease is a zoonosis caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus. It is prevalent in areas where livestock is raised in association with dogs. Humans are the accidental intermediate host. Primary peritoneal echinococcosis is a rarely observed clinical condition. We report a case of peritoneal hydatid cyst diagnosed incidentally during an operation performed for suspected ovarian cyst.

  19. Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sohn, Kyung Myung; Kim, Ki Jun; Maeng, E-So [The Catholic University of Korea, College of Medicine, Incheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-11-15

    An retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst is extremely rare and often mimics other cystic disease such as a lymphangioma, pseudocyst, or cystic tumor of the pancreas. We have recently experienced a case of a peripancreatic bronchogenic cyst in 32-year-old woman. We report this case with a description of the CT findings and a review of the literature.

  20. Orbital dermoid and epidermoid cysts: Case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veselinović Dragan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Dermoid and epidermoid cysts of the orbit belong to choristomas, tumours that originate from the aberrant primordial tissue. Clinically, they manifest as cystic movable formations mostly localized in the upper temporal quadrant of the orbit. They are described as both superficial and deep formations with most frequently slow intermittent growth. Apart from aesthetic effects, during their growth, dermoid and epidermoid cysts can cause disturbances in the eye motility, and in rare cases, also an optical nerve compression syndrome. Case Outline. In this paper, we described a child with a congenital orbital dermoid cyst localized in the upper-nasal quadrant that was showing signs of a gradual enlargement and progression. The computerized tomography revealed a cyst of 1.5-2.0 cm in size. At the Maxillofacial Surgery Hospital in Niš, the dermoid cyst was extirpated in toto after orbitotomy performed by superciliary approach. Postoperative course was uneventful, without inflammation signs, and after two weeks excellent functional and aesthetic effects were achieved. Conclusion. Before the decision to treat the dermoid and epidermoid cysts operatively, a detailed diagnostic procedure was necessary to be done in order to locate the cyst precisely and determine its size and possible propagation into the surrounding periorbital structures. Apart from cosmetic indications, operative procedures are recommended in the case of cysts with constant progressions, which cause the pressure to the eye lobe, lead to motility disturbances and indirectly compress the optical nerve and branches of the cranial nerves III, IV and VI.

  1. Intraosseous keratin cyst of the distal phalanx

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohini Prasad

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Keratin or epidermoid cysts of the phalanges are rare lesions mimicking osteolytic lesions such as infection, malignancy and other tumours. Definitive diagnosis can be made by histopathology only and treatment is by simple excision and curettage. We present a case of intraosseous keratin cyst of the distal phalanx and review of literature.

  2. Epidermoid cyst of clitoris mimicking clitoromegaly

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aggarwal Satish

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Clitoromegaly in pediatric and adolescent age group is usually indicative of a disorder of sexual differentiation. We report a girl child presenting with clitoral enlargement due to an epidermoid cyst. The cyst was excised with complete cosmetic recovery.

  3. Unusual Perirenal Location of a Tailgut Cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Kang, Joon-Won; Kim, Seung Hyup; Kim, Kyung Won; Moon, Seung Kyu; Kim, Chong Jai; Chi, Je Geun

    2002-01-01

    The authors describe a case in which a tailgut cyst occurred at an unusual location in a 22-year-old woman referred for abdominal discomfort and urinary frequency. The left abdomen contained a palpable mass, found at imaging studies to be a homogeneous, unilocular and cystic, and anterior to the left kidney. After surgical excision, it was shown to be a tailgut cyst.

  4. Unusual perirenal location of a tailgut cyst

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kang, Joon Won; Kim, Seung Hyup; Kim, Kyung Won; Moon, Seung Kyu; Kim, Chong Jai; Chi, Je Geun [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-12-01

    The authors describe a case in which a tailgut cyst occurred at an unusual location in a 22-year-old woman referred for abdominal discomfort and urinary frequency. The left abdomen contained a palpable mass, found at imaging studies to be a homogeneous, unilocular and cystic, and anterior to the left kidney. After surgical excision, it was shown to be a tailgut cyst.

  5. Midline Prostatic Cyst Marsupialization Using Holmium Laser.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilinc, Mehmet; Goger, Yunus Emre; Piskin, Mesut; Balasar, Mehmet; Kandemir, Abdulkadir

    2015-01-01

    Many of the prostatic cysts are asymptomatic and only 5% are symptomatic (Hamper et al., 1990; Higashi et al., 1990). These symptoms include pelvic pain, hematospermia, infertility, voiding dysfunction, prostatitis-like syndrome, and painful ejaculation. Treatment of prostatic cysts includes TRUSG guided drainage, endoscopic transurethral resection, and in some cases even open surgery. In the literature, endoscopic interventions use marsupialization of the midline prostatic cyst with transurethral resection (TUR) or transurethral incision with endoscopic urethrotomy (Dik et al., 1996; Terris, 1995). Holmium: YAG laser was employed for the marsupialization of the cyst wall in midline prostatic cyst treatment for the first time in the present study. Symptoms, treatment, and follow-up are presented in this paper. PMID:26101688

  6. Pilonidal cyst on the vault: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BORGES GUILHERME

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Pilonidal cysts and sinuses are described as dermoid cysts which contain follicles of hairs and sebaceous glands. They clinically present as a classic case of inflammation which comes with pain, local infection and redness. The origin of pilonidal disease remains controverse. There are many hypothesis as lack of hygiene on the affected area and a penetration and growth of a hair in the subcutaneus tissue caused by constant friction or direct trauma on the damaged area. The option for clinical treatment is very frequent. However, taking into consideration the incidence and the possibility of recidive, surgical treatment is presently recommended. Complications include cellulitis and abscess formation. Pilonidal cysts are mostly found on the sacral region. In the literature is found description of pilonidal cysts on the penis, interdigital region on the hands as well as on the cervical region. We present a case of pilonidal cyst located on the vault biparietal region, without malignant degeneration.

  7. Fetal goiter and bilateral ovarian cysts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lassen, Pernille; Sundberg, Karin; Juul, Anders; Skibsted, Lillian

    2008-01-01

    A unique case of fetal goiter accompanied by bilateral ovarian cysts in a mother treated with methimazole for Graves'disease is reported. The abnormal findings were detected by ultrasound at 31 weeks of gestation. Umbilical fetal blood sampling revealed elevated serum TSH, normal concentrations of...... each injection and followed by a gradual reduction of fetal goiter as well as the left ovarian cyst. The right cyst ruptured spontaneously. At 36 weeks + 4 days, the patient underwent elective caesarean section and gave birth to a female, weighing 2,880 g with 1- and 5-min Apgar scores of 10. The...... thyroid gland appeared normal in size, and cord blood TSH and free T 4 were both within normal limits. At ultrasound control6 days later, the right ovarian cyst was not visible, while the left cyst was still present. Thus, our report supports previous findings that fetal goiter can be treated successfully...

  8. Fetal goiter and bilateral ovarian cysts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lassen, Pernille; Sundberg, Karin; Juul, Anders; Skibsted, Lillian

    2008-01-01

    A unique case of fetal goiter accompanied by bilateral ovarian cysts in a mother treated with methimazole for Graves'disease is reported. The abnormal findings were detected by ultrasound at 31 weeks of gestation. Umbilical fetal blood sampling revealed elevated serum TSH, normal concentrations of...... each injection and followed by a gradual reduction of fetal goiter as well as the left ovarian cyst. The right cyst ruptured spontaneously. At 36 weeks + 4 days, the patient underwent elective caesarean section and gave birth to a female, weighing 2,880 g with 1- and 5-min Apgar scores of 10. The...... thyroid gland appeared normal in size, and cord blood TSH and free T 4 were both within normal limits. At ultrasound control 6 days later, the right ovarian cyst was not visible, while the left cyst was still present. Thus, our report supports previous findings that fetal goiter can be treated...

  9. Multiple mediastinal hydatid cysts: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahimi-Rad, Mohammad Hossein; Mahmodlou, Rahim

    2009-01-01

    Hydatid cyst (HC) in mediastinum is very rare. To the best of our knowledge, a case with multiple HCs in mediastinum is not reported already. We herein report a case of multiple HCs of the mediastinum and liver in a - 50 year-old woman presented with chest pain, cough and dyspnea for about two years. She had been treated for tuberculosis for 20 years. Chest CT scan showed multiple cysts in posterior mediastinum and one cyst in left lobe of liver. Via right posterolateral thoracotomy, multiple cysts were excised in mediastinum. And then, hepatic left lobe cyst was removed trans-diaphragmatically. Histopathologic examination confirmed HCs. Despite its rarity, primary HCs should be considered in the differential diagnosis of mediastinal multiple cystic lesions in endemic regions. PMID:20067057

  10. Sacral perineural cyst accompanying disc herniation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ju, Chang Il; Shin, Ho; Kim, Seok Won; Kim, Hyeun Sung

    2009-03-01

    Although most of sacral perineural cysts are asymptomatic, some may produce symptoms. Specific radicular pain may be due to distortion, compression, or stretching of nerve root by a space occupying cyst. We report a rare case of S1 radiculopathy caused by sacral perineural cyst accompanying disc herniation. The patient underwent a microscopic discectomy at L5-S1 level. However, the patient's symptoms did not improved. The hypesthesia persisted, as did the right leg pain. Cyst-subarachnoid shunt was set to decompress nerve root and to equalize the cerebrospinal fluid pressure between the cephalad thecal sac and cyst. Immediately after surgery, the patient had no leg pain. After 6 months, the patient still remained free of leg pain. PMID:19352483

  11. Recurrent intramedullary epidermoid cyst of conus medullaris.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Fleming, Christina

    2011-01-01

    Spinal intramedullary epidermoid cyst is a rare condition. Recurrent epidermoid cyst in the spine cord is known to occur. The authors describe a case of recurrent conus medullaris epidermoid cyst in a 24-year-old female. She initially presented at 7 years of age with bladder disturbance in the form of diurnal enuresis and recurrent urinary tract infection. MRI lumbar spine revealed a 4 cm conus medullaris epidermoid cyst. Since the initial presentation, the cyst had recurred seven times in the same location and she underwent surgical intervention in the form of exploration and debulking. This benign condition, owing to its anatomical location, has posed a surgical and overall management challenge. This occurrence is better managed in a tertiary-care centre requiring multi-disciplinary treatment approach.

  12. Ultrasonographic Findings of Choledochal Cyst

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, C.M.; Seo, I. J.; Kim, H. Y.; Eun, C. K.; Yoon, Y.; Lee, S. H.; Kim, S. Y.; An, C. Y. [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1982-12-15

    The authors evaluated six cases of surgically proven choledochal cysts diagnosed by real time ultrasonography. The results were as follows: 1. The male to female ratio was 1:5, and the age distribution was 5 cases in adult and one in 5 year old girl. 2. The most frequent symptom was abdominal pain, which was followed by palpable mass and thin jaundice in frequency order. 3. All of them were type A' of Kimura classification, morphologically. 4. Of 5cases, 2 cases showed markedly distended gallbladder. Remaining one case was received cholecystectomy 15 years before this study. 5. Associated choledocholithiasis was reported to be rare, but we found 2 cases of multiple stones and 2 cases of single stone. 6. Combined other lesions were found in 3 cases - - chronic pancreatitis,pancreatic cancer, and ascites by bile leakage. 7. Ultrasonography can easily evaluate intrahepatic bile duct as well as extrahepatic bile duct, so the authors correctly diagnosed choledochal cyst type A' of Kimura classification by ultrasonography alone in 3 cases among 6

  13. Squamous cell carcinoma arising in an odontogenic cyst

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, Jae Jung; Hwang, Eui Hwan; Lee, Sang Rae [Kyunghee University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Jeong Hee [Chonnam National University College of Medicine, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of)

    2003-12-15

    Squamous cell carcinoma arising in an odontogenic cyst is uncommon. The diagnosis of carcinoma arising in a cyst requires that there must be an area of microscopic transition from the benign epithelial cyst lining to the invasive squamous cell carcinoma. We report a histopathologically proven case of squamous cell carcinoma arising in a residual mandibular cyst in a 54-year-old woman.

  14. Laparoscopic management of mesenteric cyst: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Theodoridis, Theodoros D.; Zepiridis, Leonidas; Athanatos, Dimitrios; Tzevelekis, Filippos; Kellartzis, Diamantis; Bontis, John N

    2009-01-01

    Mesenteric cysts are rare intra-abdominal lesions with variable clinical symptoms and signs that make pre-operative diagnosis difficult. Optimal treatment is surgical excision of the cyst with laparotomy or laparoscopy. We present a case of mesenteric cyst that was misdiagnosed as para-ovarian cyst and managed laparoscopically by gynaecologists.

  15. [The "globulomaxillary cyst" a specific entity or a myth?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Häring, Philipp; Filippi, Andreas; Bornstein, Michael M; Altermatt, Hans Jörg; Buser, Daniel; Lambrecht, J Thomas

    2006-01-01

    The following review investigates the term and concept of the globulomaxillary cyst as a correct clinico-pathological diagnosis to describe a so-called fissural cyst said to be caused by epithelial entrapment between the nasal and maxillary process. After analyzing the available literature it has to be concluded that neither from an embryologic nor from a clinical or pathohistological standpoint the term globulomaxillary cyst represents a real entity by itself. Therefore, globulomaxillary cysts have to be diagnosed alternatively after a thorough clinical, radiological and histological examination as other odontogenic cysts like dentigerous cysts or odontogenic keratocysts, odontogenic tumors like ameloblastoma, central giant cell tumors, solitary bone cysts, etc. PMID:16708524

  16. Minocycline hydrochloride sclerotherapy of renal cysts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shin, Se Kweon; Kweon, Tae Beom; Seong, Hun; Jang, Kyung Jae; Chun, Byung Hee [Dae Dong General Hospital, Pusan (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Hack Jin [Pusan National University College of Medicine, pusan (Korea, Republic of)

    1994-08-15

    To report the effectiveness of Minocin sclerotherapy in the treatment of renal cysts. We performed minocin sclerotherapy to 19 patients with 21 renal cysts composed of 17 cases of solitary renal cyst and three cases of multiple renal cyst and one case of polycystic kidney confirmed by ultrasound and CT. After aspiration of cyst fluid, if the amount was less than 50 ml, 500 mg of minocin was mixed with 3 ml of normal saline, if more than 50 ml, 1000 mg of minocin mixed with 5 ml of normal saline were injected, and each case was followed-up over 3 months by ultrasound. Of all 21 renal cysts, 14 cases were followed-up three months after minocin sclerotherapy. In 12 of 14 case, the size of the cysts decreased by 10% or collapsed completely. Of the remaining two cases, one collapsed after 6 months while the other recurred after 6 months. Three cases were followed up after 20 months and only one of them recurred. 19 of all 21 cases(91%) were cured, and two of 21 cases(9%) were recurred. Pain was the only complaint and four of 10 cases needed analgesics. Sclerotherapy with minocin has low recurrence-rate and low complication, and relatively early high cure-rate.

  17. Isolated retroperitoneal hydatid cyst invading splenic hilum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozturk, Safak; Unver, Mutlu; Kibar Ozturk, Burcin; Kebapci, Eyup; Bozbiyik, Osman; Erol, Varlık; Zalluhoglu, Nihat; Olmez, Mustafa

    2014-01-01

    Introduction. Hydatid disease (HD) is an infestation that is caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus. The liver is affected in approximately two-thirds of patients, the lungs in 25%, and other organs in a small proportion. Primary retroperitoneal hydatid cyst is extremely rare. The most common complaint is abdominal pain; however, the clinical features of HD may be generally dependent on the location of the cyst. Case Presentation. A 43-year-old female was admitted with the complaint of abdominal pain. Her physical examination was normal. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a 17 × 11 cm cystic lesion, with a thick and smooth wall that is located among the left liver lobe, diaphragm, spleen, tail of the pancreas, and transverse colon and invading the splenic hilum. Total cystectomy and splenectomy were performed. Pathological examination was reported as cyst hydatid. Discussion. Cysts in the peritoneal cavity are mainly the result of the spontaneous or traumatic rupture of concomitant hepatic cysts or surgical inoculation of a hepatic cyst. Serological tests contribute to diagnosis. In symptomatic and large hydatid peritoneal cysts, surgical resection is the only curative treatment. Total cystectomy is the gold standard. Albendazole or praziquantel is indicated for inoperable and disseminated cases. Percutaneous aspiration, injection, and reaspiration (PAIR) technique is another nonsurgical option. PMID:24790764

  18. Isolated Retroperitoneal Hydatid Cyst Invading Splenic Hilum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Safak Ozturk

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Hydatid disease (HD is an infestation that is caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus. The liver is affected in approximately two-thirds of patients, the lungs in 25%, and other organs in a small proportion. Primary retroperitoneal hydatid cyst is extremely rare. The most common complaint is abdominal pain; however, the clinical features of HD may be generally dependent on the location of the cyst. Case Presentation. A 43-year-old female was admitted with the complaint of abdominal pain. Her physical examination was normal. Computed tomography (CT revealed a 17 × 11 cm cystic lesion, with a thick and smooth wall that is located among the left liver lobe, diaphragm, spleen, tail of the pancreas, and transverse colon and invading the splenic hilum. Total cystectomy and splenectomy were performed. Pathological examination was reported as cyst hydatid. Discussion. Cysts in the peritoneal cavity are mainly the result of the spontaneous or traumatic rupture of concomitant hepatic cysts or surgical inoculation of a hepatic cyst. Serological tests contribute to diagnosis. In symptomatic and large hydatid peritoneal cysts, surgical resection is the only curative treatment. Total cystectomy is the gold standard. Albendazole or praziquantel is indicated for inoperable and disseminated cases. Percutaneous aspiration, injection, and reaspiration (PAIR technique is another nonsurgical option.

  19. Surgical treatment of congenital biliary duct cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang De-chun

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background It is acknowledged that total cyst excision is a safe and ideal surgical treatment for congenital biliary duct cyst, compared to simple internal drainage. The aim of this study was to determine the optimal operation occasion and the effect of laparoscopy on congenital biliary duct cyst based upon total cyst excision. Methods From January 2002 to January 2011, 217 patients were admitted to Southwest Hospital for congenital biliary duct cyst. To determine the optimal surgery occasion, we divided these subjects into three groups, the infant group (age ≤ 3 years, the immaturity group (3 18 years, and then evaluated the feasibility, risk and long-term outcome after surgery in the three groups. To analyze the effect of laparoscopic technique on congenital biliary duct cyst, we divided the patients into the laparoscopy and the open surgery groups. Results Among the three groups, the morbidity from cholangiolithiasis before surgical treatment had obvious discrepancy (p 0.05. Similarly, no significant discrepancy was observed in the morbidity from postoperative complications or long-term postoperative complications (p > 0.05 between the laparoscopic and the open surgery groups. Conclusions We conclude that total cyst excision should be performed as early as possible. The optimal treatment occasion is the infant period, and laparoscopic resection may be a new safe and feasible minimally invasive surgery for this disease.

  20. Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breast cancer affects one in eight women during their lives. Breast cancer kills more women in the United States than ... cancer. No one knows why some women get breast cancer, but there are a number of risk factors. ...

  1. CT Imaging Findings of Ruptured Ovarian Endometriotic Cysts: Emphasis on the Differential Diagnosis with Ruptured Ovarian Functional Cysts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study is to assess the prevalence of abnormal CT findings in patients with surgically proven ruptured endometriotic cysts, as compared with those abnormal CT findings of ruptured ovarian functional cysts. This study included 13 retrospectively identified patients with surgically confirmed ruptured ovarian endometriotic cysts and who had also undergone preoperative CT scanning during the previous seven years. As a comparative group, 25 cases of surgically confirmed ruptured ovarian functional cysts were included. We assessed the morphologic features of the cysts and the ancillary findings based on CT. For the endometriotic cysts, the mean maximum cyst diameter was significantly larger than that of the functional cysts (70.1 mm versus 36.4 mm, respectively, p < 0.05). The endometriotic cysts frequently had a multilocular shape and a thicker cyst wall, as compared to that of functional cysts, and these differences were statistically significant. Among the ancillary findings, endometriotic cysts showed a significantly higher prevalence of loculated ascites, ascites confined to the pelvic cavity without extension to the upper abdomen, and peritoneal strandings and infiltrations (p < 0.05). Although 11 of the 25 cases of functional cysts showed active extravasation of contrast material at the ovarian bleeding site, only one of 13 cases of endometriotic cysts showed active extravasation. The diagnosis of ruptured endometriotic cyst should be suspected for a woman in whom CT reveals the presence of multilocular or bilateral ovarian cysts with a thick wall and loculated ascites confined to the pelvic cavity with pelvic fat infiltrations

  2. CT Imaging Findings of Ruptured Ovarian Endometriotic Cysts: Emphasis on the Differential Diagnosis with Ruptured Ovarian Functional Cysts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Young Rae [Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-02-15

    The purpose of this study is to assess the prevalence of abnormal CT findings in patients with surgically proven ruptured endometriotic cysts, as compared with those abnormal CT findings of ruptured ovarian functional cysts. This study included 13 retrospectively identified patients with surgically confirmed ruptured ovarian endometriotic cysts and who had also undergone preoperative CT scanning during the previous seven years. As a comparative group, 25 cases of surgically confirmed ruptured ovarian functional cysts were included. We assessed the morphologic features of the cysts and the ancillary findings based on CT. For the endometriotic cysts, the mean maximum cyst diameter was significantly larger than that of the functional cysts (70.1 mm versus 36.4 mm, respectively, p < 0.05). The endometriotic cysts frequently had a multilocular shape and a thicker cyst wall, as compared to that of functional cysts, and these differences were statistically significant. Among the ancillary findings, endometriotic cysts showed a significantly higher prevalence of loculated ascites, ascites confined to the pelvic cavity without extension to the upper abdomen, and peritoneal strandings and infiltrations (p < 0.05). Although 11 of the 25 cases of functional cysts showed active extravasation of contrast material at the ovarian bleeding site, only one of 13 cases of endometriotic cysts showed active extravasation. The diagnosis of ruptured endometriotic cyst should be suspected for a woman in whom CT reveals the presence of multilocular or bilateral ovarian cysts with a thick wall and loculated ascites confined to the pelvic cavity with pelvic fat infiltrations

  3. Clinical and imaging features of male breast disease, with pathological correlation: a pictorial essay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The majority of male breast diseases are benign. The most common is gynaecomastia. Although it is rare, the most critical diagnosis is a malignancy. Radiologists are generally less familiar with breast disease in males compared with females. This pictorial review will highlight the ultrasonographic, mammographic and pathological features of a spectrum of benign and malignant male breast diseases. This includes gynaecomastia, fat necrosis, lipoma, epidermoid cyst, subareolar abscess, chronic inflammation, melanoma and ductal carcinoma.

  4. Progress of dinoflagellate cyst research in the China seas

    OpenAIRE

    Haifeng Gu; Tingting Liu; Dongzhao Lan

    2011-01-01

    The resting cyst plays an important role in the life cycle of certain dinoflagellates. Cyst formation is of great significance to populations in terms of perseverance and dispersal. Dinoflagellates producing cysts spend much more time in the sediment than in the water column, and studies on cysts help to uncover dinoflagellate diversity. Cyst diversity and abundance within sediments can reflect the history of overlying dinoflagellates and environmental conditions, and thus serve as a historic...

  5. Current Therapies for Pulmonary Hydatid Cyst and its Complications

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Kılıçgün; Suat Gezer

    2011-01-01

    Aim: In this study, we aimed to investigate the first presenting complaints and operative results of patients who were operated for lung hydatid cyst and to determine the rate of co-existing liver hydatid cysts. Methods: Seventy patients who had been operated for lung hydatid cyst between 2004 and 2008 were included in the study. Clinical, radiological and surgical data of these patients were evaluated retrospectively. Results: The cyst(s) were perforated in 30 patient...

  6. Rare Bilateral Nasopalatine Duct Cysts: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Cicciù, Marco; Grossi, Giovanni Battista; Borgonovo, Andrea; Santoro, Giacomo; Pallotti, Francesco; Maiorana, Carlo

    2010-01-01

    The nasopalatine duct cyst (NPDC) is the most common of the non-odontogenic cyst of the jaws. This cysts are usually central or unilateral with no prevalence of side occurrence. The NPDC is the most frequent developmental, nonodontogenic cyst of the jaws. This cyst originates from epithelial remnants from the nasopalatine duct. The cells could be activated spontaneously during life, or are eventually stimulated by the irritating action of various agents (infection, etc.). Generally, patients ...

  7. Bilateral orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst: A rare case report and review

    OpenAIRE

    Rahul Devidas Pimpalkar; Barpande, Suresh R; Bhavthankar, Jyoti D; Mandale, Mandakini S

    2014-01-01

    Orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst (OOC) is a developmental cyst of jaw and was initially considered by the World Health Organization (1992) as the uncommon orthokeratinized variant of odontogenic keratocyst (OKC). However, studies have shown that OOC has peculiar clinicopathologic aspects when compared with other developmental odontogenic cysts, especially OKC. So orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst now stands out to be a distinct entity. Clinically, it occurs as a single cyst, shows a predilec...

  8. Ganglion cysts of the wrist: pathophysiology, clinical picture, and management

    OpenAIRE

    Gude, Warren; Morelli, Vincent

    2008-01-01

    This article reviews what is known about ganglion cyst formation, natural history (50% of cysts will spontaneously resolve), diagnosis, and management of this common malady. Although the exact mechanism of cyst formation is unknown, most current theories hold that extra-articular mucin “droplets” coalesce to form the main body of the tumor. Only subsequently are the “cyst wall” and pedicle (connecting the cyst to a nearby synovial joint) formed. Treatment options include watchful waiting, non...

  9. Ganglion Cyst of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament Causing Lumbar Radiculopathy

    OpenAIRE

    Cho, Sung-Min; Rhee, Woo-Tack; Lee, Sang-Youl; Lee, Sang-Bok

    2010-01-01

    Degenerated conditions such as herniated disc or spinal stenosis are common etiologies of lumbar radiculopathy. Less common etiologies include spinal extradural cyst such as synovial cysts and ganglion cysts. Ganglion cyst of the posterior longitudinal ligament (PLL) of the spine is a rare entity that can result in classical sciatica. Posterior longitudinal ligament cyst has no continuity with the facet joint and has no epithelial lining. Two young male patients presented with unilateral scia...

  10. Endoscopic Fenestration of Pseudo Cyst in Acute Pancreatitis

    OpenAIRE

    Fuminori Yamagishi; Mistuyosi Shimoda; Takashi Sakamoto; Kastunori Tauchi; Kastuo Shimada; Takeichi Goka; Tadashi Bandou; Masao Fujimaki; Ademar Yamanaka

    1998-01-01

    We report a case of pseudo cyst accompanied by acute pancreatitis which was successfully treated by endoscopic cyst-gastrostomy. It had been enlarged recurrently after twice simple needle aspiration under ultrasonic monitoring. Because of the infection of the cyst, rapid and complete drainage was needed. Upper gastro-intestinal endoscopy showed a large bulge of the stomach which was compressed by paragastric pancreatic cyst. Endoscopic ultrasonography revealed that the cyst wall was attached ...

  11. Multiple giant pilar cyst distributed over the body since childhood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Asilian

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Trichilemmal cyst or pilar cyst is defined as a cyst containing keratin and its breakdown products. It is usually situated on the scalp with a wall resembling external hair root sheath. In this case report we present a 55-year-old man with multiple giant pilar cysts that were distributed over the whole body since childhood. One of the cyst on the chest was transformed to squamous cell carcinoma (SCC.

  12. Cysts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... most likely form during the early weeks of fetal development even though symptoms may not be noticed until ... tumors. Likely form during the early weeks of fetal development even though the symptoms may not be noticed ...

  13. Post-traumatic leptomeningeal cyst in adult

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is a report of a rare case of post-traumatic leptomeningeal cyst in a 25 year old female, who received depressed and compound fracture in the left fronto-temporal bone and linear fractures in the left temporal bone following a traffic accident. Plain skull series obtained on 4 months after the trauma demonstrates a leptomeningeal cyst measuring 2.0 X 1.5 X 0.5 cm in its dimension in the left fronto-temporal bone associated with linear fractures. Etiology, pathogenesis, symptoms and signs, roentgenological findings, differential diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of leptomeningeal cyst are discussed with a review of the literature

  14. Unusual facet cyst containing struvite and hydroxyapatite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grantham, M.; Richmond, B. [Dept. of Musculoskeletal Radiology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, OH (United States)

    2001-01-01

    This case report describes a patient with severe back pain and radiculopathy. She was found to have a facet cyst within the lumbar spine that appeared to contain calcium on MRI and CT. Upon aspiration the cyst was found to contain calcium ammonium phosphate (struvite) and calcium phosphate (hydroxyapatite). Ammonia production in the presence of urease-producing bacteria is responsible for the production of struvite in the human body. We postulate that there was a prior infection of the facet with urease-producing bacteria, thus accounting for the production of the struvite within the facet cyst. (orig.)

  15. Unusual facet cyst containing struvite and hydroxyapatite

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This case report describes a patient with severe back pain and radiculopathy. She was found to have a facet cyst within the lumbar spine that appeared to contain calcium on MRI and CT. Upon aspiration the cyst was found to contain calcium ammonium phosphate (struvite) and calcium phosphate (hydroxyapatite). Ammonia production in the presence of urease-producing bacteria is responsible for the production of struvite in the human body. We postulate that there was a prior infection of the facet with urease-producing bacteria, thus accounting for the production of the struvite within the facet cyst. (orig.)

  16. Laparoscopic management of neonatal ovarian cysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oak Sanjay

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The first prenatal detection of an ovarian cyst was by Valenti in 1975. Since then antenatal and neonatal ovarian cysts are encountered more frequently due to the improvement of imaging techniques as well as routine antenatal ultrasound scanning. We discuss here the laparoscopic management of three cases of neonatal ovarian cysts. This approach is well tolerated by neonates, and it may overcome the controversy between the ′wait and see′ policy and early surgical intervention, as laparoscopy has both diagnostic and therapeutic value with minimal morbidity, and ovarian salvage whenever possible.

  17. Sacral perineural cysts: imaging and treatment options.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landers, J; Seex, K

    2002-04-01

    Perineural cysts are an uncommon radiological finding and a rare cause of radicular leg pain. We report the clinical findings, imaging and operative appearances of a patient who presented with radicular leg and perineal pain, which was found to be associated with multiple sacral perineural cysts. The diagnostic and treatment options are explored. In particular, the use of percutaneous fine-needle cyst drainage as a guide to the value of surgery is discussed. Postoperative complications, such as pseudomeningocoele can occur, but may be effectively treated with lumbar drainage. PMID:12046741

  18. Computed tomography of postoperative maxillary cyst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We evaluated the computed tomographic (CT) findings of 15 cases of postoperative maxillary cysts in comparison with 7 cases of malignant tumors of maxillary sinus. The characteristic CT appearance of the postoperative maxillary cyst was a well-defined round expansile mass. The margin of the bone defect was smooth with a thinned and expanded outer bony shell. These CT findings should strongly suggest the diagnosis of postoperative maxillary cyst in patients with previous history of surgery for maxillary sinusitis (usually 10-40 years previously). (author)

  19. Z PLASTY IN PILONIDAL CYST REPAIR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A BEHDAD

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The present study was coducted to evaluate the outcome and complications of Z plasty in pilonidal cyst repair. Methods. Sixty patients with pilonidal cyst were selected and repaired by Z plasty method in Al-Zahra hospital (affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services. The patients were followed for 6 months and complications such as seruma, infection and replapse wre evaluated. Results. The incidence of seruma, infection and relapse after Z plasty was 6.6, 1.6 and 3.4 percent, respectively. Discussion. Z plasty is a choice operation for pilonidal cyst repair.

  20. Multi-vesicular pulmonary hydatid cyst, the potent underestimated factor in the formation of daughter cysts of pulmonary hydatid disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohsen Sokouti

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Pulmonary multi-vesicular hydatid disease (HD with Echinococcus granulosus is rare. A 28-year-old woman presented to our center with cough and respiratory distress. Chest x-ray and computerized tomography scan revealed bilateral giant cysts with water-lily sign (ruptured hydatid cysts. The left cyst was in vicinity of heart. With thoracotomy cysts of both lungs were removed. Thousands of translucent, homogenized small daughter cysts were discovered from the left side cyst. Pathologic examinations revealed the ruptured hydatid cysts of both lungs with daughter cysts on the left lung cyst. To best of our knowledge probably this is the first report of multi-vesicular HD in lung. We suppose that the heart pulsation was effective in the formation of daughter cysts.

  1. Multi-vesicular pulmonary hydatid cyst, the potent underestimated factor in the formation of daughter cysts of pulmonary hydatid disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sokouti, Mohsen; Sokouti, Babak; Shokouhi, Behrooz; Rahimi-Rad, Mohammad Hossein

    2015-01-01

    Pulmonary multi-vesicular hydatid disease (HD) with Echinococcus granulosus is rare. A 28-year-old woman presented to our center with cough and respiratory distress. Chest x-ray and computerized tomography scan revealed bilateral giant cysts with water-lily sign (ruptured hydatid cysts). The left cyst was in vicinity of heart. With thoracotomy cysts of both lungs were removed. Thousands of translucent, homogenized small daughter cysts were discovered from the left side cyst. Pathologic examinations revealed the ruptured hydatid cysts of both lungs with daughter cysts on the left lung cyst. To best of our knowledge probably this is the first report of multi-vesicular HD in lung. We suppose that the heart pulsation was effective in the formation of daughter cysts. PMID:26180389

  2. Mammography and breast sonography in transsexual women

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Data on the necessity of performing screening mammographies in transsexual women are lacking. The main objective of this study was to assess the possibility to perform mammography and breast sonography in transsexual women. Fifty Dutch-speaking transsexual women were interviewed about the following: attitude towards mammography and breast sonography, importance attributed to and satisfaction with breast appearance, opinion about the necessity of breast check-up, expectations regarding discomfort during the exams and knowledge about the breast surgery. A fasting blood sample, clinical breast exam, mammography and breast sonography were performed. At mammography the following parameters were noted: density, technical quality, location of the prostheses, presence of any abnormalities and painfulness. At sonography the following parameters were recorded: density, presence of cysts, visualisation of retro-areolar ducts or any abnormalities. Twenty-three percent of patients are not aware of the type of breast implants and 79% do not know their position to the pectoral muscles. Patient satisfaction with the appearance of their breasts was rather high (7.94 on a scale of 0-10). Mean expected and experienced pain from mammography was low (4.37 and 2.00 respectively). There was no statistically significant difference in expected pain between those who already had mammography and those who did not. There was a significant positive correlation between the expected and the experienced pain. Mammography and breast sonography were technically feasible and no gross anomalies were detected. Since both exams were judged as nearly painless, 98% of transsexual women intended to come back if they would be invited. Since breast cancer risk in transsexual women is largely unknown and breast exams are very well accepted, breast screening habits in this population should not differ from those of biological women.

  3. Mammography and breast sonography in transsexual women

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weyers, S., E-mail: steven.weyers@ugent.b [Department of Gynecology, Ghent University Hospital, De Pintelaan 185, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Villeirs, G.; Vanherreweghe, E. [Department of Radiology, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent (Belgium); Verstraelen, H. [Department of Gynecology, Ghent University Hospital, De Pintelaan 185, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium); Monstrey, S. [Department of Plastic Surgery, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent (Belgium); Van den Broecke, R.; Gerris, J. [Department of Gynecology, Ghent University Hospital, De Pintelaan 185, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium)

    2010-06-15

    Data on the necessity of performing screening mammographies in transsexual women are lacking. The main objective of this study was to assess the possibility to perform mammography and breast sonography in transsexual women. Fifty Dutch-speaking transsexual women were interviewed about the following: attitude towards mammography and breast sonography, importance attributed to and satisfaction with breast appearance, opinion about the necessity of breast check-up, expectations regarding discomfort during the exams and knowledge about the breast surgery. A fasting blood sample, clinical breast exam, mammography and breast sonography were performed. At mammography the following parameters were noted: density, technical quality, location of the prostheses, presence of any abnormalities and painfulness. At sonography the following parameters were recorded: density, presence of cysts, visualisation of retro-areolar ducts or any abnormalities. Twenty-three percent of patients are not aware of the type of breast implants and 79% do not know their position to the pectoral muscles. Patient satisfaction with the appearance of their breasts was rather high (7.94 on a scale of 0-10). Mean expected and experienced pain from mammography was low (4.37 and 2.00 respectively). There was no statistically significant difference in expected pain between those who already had mammography and those who did not. There was a significant positive correlation between the expected and the experienced pain. Mammography and breast sonography were technically feasible and no gross anomalies were detected. Since both exams were judged as nearly painless, 98% of transsexual women intended to come back if they would be invited. Since breast cancer risk in transsexual women is largely unknown and breast exams are very well accepted, breast screening habits in this population should not differ from those of biological women.

  4. Botryoid odontogenic cyst developing from lateral periodontal cyst: A rare case and review on pathogenesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piyush Arora

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Botryoid odontogenic cyst (BOC is considered to be a polycystic variant of the lateral periodontal cyst (LPC as the specimen resembled a cluster of grapes. It is a non-inflammatory odontogenic cyst. The BOCs can be unicystic or multicystic. These cysts have potential to extend in the bone and become multilocular and they have a high recurrence rate. Till now, only 73 cases of BOC have been reported. The pathogenesis of BOC is still debatable. We review different pathogenesis proposed for BOC and discuss a rare case of BOC developing from lining of an abnormally large LPC which showed aggressive behaviour in terms of growth and size.

  5. Echinoccocal cyst affecting the mandible.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhola, Nitin; Jadhav, Anendd; Borle, Rajiv; Shukla, Samarth

    2015-01-01

    Echinococcosis is a parasitic infection also called as hydatid disease or hydatidosis. Hydatidosis is a cyclo-zoonotic infection of the larvae form of Echinococcus granulosus (canine tapeworm). The majority of hydatid cysts are seen in the liver (65%) as most of the embryos are trapped within it. Infratemporal region is an unusual site for hydatidosis and has been sparsely reported in the literature. To the best of our knowledge, this is the fourth and perhaps the largest case report of hydatidosis involving the mandible in the literature in right infratemporal region involving the ramus condyle unit in a 35-year-old female with chief complaint of pain on right side of temporomandibular joint area on mastication, and opening and closing of mouth. PMID:26389049

  6. Right ventricular hydatid cyst ruptured to pericardium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feridoun Sabzi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Cardiac hydatidosis is rare presentation of body hydatidosis. Incidence of cardiac involvements range from 5% to 5% of patients with hydatid disease. Most common site of hydatid cyst in heart is interventricular septum and left ventricular free wall. Right ventricular free wall involvement by cyst that ruptured to pericardial cavity is very rare presentation of hydatid cyst. Cardiac involvement may have serious consequences such as rupture to blood steam or pericardial cavity. Both the disease and its surgical treatment carry a high complication rate, including rupture leading to cardiac tamponade, anaphylaxis and also death. In the present report, a 43-year-old man with constrictive pericarditis secondary to a pericardial hydatid cyst is described.

  7. Nasolabial Cyst Associated with Odontogenic Infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martini, Eveline Claudia; Coppla, Fabiana Madalozzo; Campagnoli, Eduardo Bauml; Bortoluzzi, Marcelo Carlos

    2016-01-01

    The nasolabial cyst or Klestadt cyst is a relatively uncommon nonodontogenic cyst that develops in the nasal alar region; it has uncertain pathogenesis. This lesion has slow growth and variable dimensions and is characterized clinically by a floating tumefaction in the nasolabial fold area around the bridge of the nose, causing an elevation of the upper lip and relative facial asymmetry. Diagnosis is primarily made clinically; if necessary, this is complemented by imaging. This paper reports the case of a 39-year-old male patient who complained of pain in the right upper premolar region and poor aesthetics due to a firm tumor in the right wing of the nose. Initially, this was thought to be due to an odontogenic abscess; however, the differential diagnosis was that a nasolabial cyst was communicating with the apex of teeth 14 and 15. Surgical treatment was carried out, followed by histopathological examination and concomitant endodontic treatment of the teeth involved. PMID:26904312

  8. Nasolabial Cyst Associated with Odontogenic Infection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eveline Claudia Martini

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The nasolabial cyst or Klestadt cyst is a relatively uncommon nonodontogenic cyst that develops in the nasal alar region; it has uncertain pathogenesis. This lesion has slow growth and variable dimensions and is characterized clinically by a floating tumefaction in the nasolabial fold area around the bridge of the nose, causing an elevation of the upper lip and relative facial asymmetry. Diagnosis is primarily made clinically; if necessary, this is complemented by imaging. This paper reports the case of a 39-year-old male patient who complained of pain in the right upper premolar region and poor aesthetics due to a firm tumor in the right wing of the nose. Initially, this was thought to be due to an odontogenic abscess; however, the differential diagnosis was that a nasolabial cyst was communicating with the apex of teeth 14 and 15. Surgical treatment was carried out, followed by histopathological examination and concomitant endodontic treatment of the teeth involved.

  9. Surgical results of sacral perineural (Tarlov cysts.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanaka,Masato

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the surgical outcomes and to determine indicators of the necessity of surgical intervention. Twelve consecutive patients harboring symptomatic sacral perineural cysts were treated between 1995 and 2003. All patients were assessed for neurological deficits and pain by neurological examination. Magnetic resonance of imaging, computerized tomography, and myelography were performed to detect signs of delayed filling of the cysts. We performed a release of the valve and imbrication of the sacral cysts with laminectomies in 8 cases or recapping laminectomies in 4 cases. After surgery, symptoms improved in 10 (83% of 12 patients, with an average follow-up of 27 months. Ten patients had sacral perineural cysts with signs of positive filling defect. Two (17% of 12 patients experienced no significant improvement. In one of these patients, the filling defect was negative. In conclusion, a positive filling defect may become an indicator of good treatment outcomes.

  10. Surgical results of sacral perineural (Tarlov) cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, Masato; Nakahara, Shinnosuke; Ito, Yasuo; Nakanishi, Kazuo; Sugimoto, Yoshihisa; Ikuma, Hisanori; Ozaki, Toshifumi

    2006-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the surgical outcomes and to determine indicators of the necessity of surgical intervention. Twelve consecutive patients harboring symptomatic sacral perineural cysts were treated between 1995 and 2003. All patients were assessed for neurological deficits and pain by neurological examination. Magnetic resonance of imaging, computerized tomography, and myelography were performed to detect signs of delayed filling of the cysts. We performed a release of the valve and imbrication of the sacral cysts with laminectomies in 8 cases or recapping laminectomies in 4 cases. After surgery, symptoms improved in 10 (83%) of 12 patients, with an average follow-up of 27 months. Ten patients had sacral perineural cysts with signs of positive filling defect. Two (17%) of 12 patients experienced no significant improvement. In one of these patients, the filling defect was negative. In conclusion, a positive filling defect may become an indicator of good treatment outcomes. PMID:16508691

  11. Duplication Cyst of the Sigmoid Colon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bastian Domajnko

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A 21-year-old male with developmental delay presented with abdominal pain of two days' duration. He was afebrile and his abdomen was soft with mild diffuse tenderness. There were no peritoneal signs. Plain x-ray demonstrated a large air-filled structure in the right upper quadrant. Computed tomography of the abdomen revealed a 9×8 cm structure adjacent to the hepatic flexure containing an air-fluid level. It did not contain oral contrast and had no apparent communication with the colon. At operation, the cystic lesion was identified as a duplication cyst of the sigmoid colon that was adherent to the right upper quadrant. The cyst was excised with a segment of the sigmoid colon and a stapled colo-colostomy was performed. Recovery was uneventful. Final pathology was consistent with a duplication cyst of the sigmoid colon. The cyst was attached to the colon but did not communicate with the lumen.

  12. Post-traumatic extensive knee ganglion cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehran Mahvash

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available A rare case of a posttraumatic extensive ganglion cyst of the anterolateral thigh with connection to the knee joint is presented. A 54- year-old man presented a palpable mass in the anterolateral region of his right thigh with a 15 months existing sense of fullness and tightness. He had an accident with his bicycle 21 months ago. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI was performed showing a cyst inside the quadriceps femoris muscle between vastus lateralis and intermedius with connection to recessus suprapatellaris and knee joint. In addition MRI detected a traumatic lesion in the quadriceps femoris tendon in the near of the knee joint. The ganglion cyst was 18 cm long and was excised completely. Intraope - ratively, the knee joint connection was confirmed and excised as well. The ganglion cyst was filled with a gelatinous and viscous fluid.

  13. Dermoid cyst in the mouth floor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Dermoid cyst account for the 0.01 % of all cysts of buccal cavity. Its more frequent location is in the mouth floor. This is the case of a female patient aged 19 who approximately 7 years noted an increase of volume under tongue growing gradually and noting outside face and the discomfort at to speak and to chew. Complementary studies were conducted and under general anesthesia a surgical exeresis was carried out by intrabuccal approach achieving excellent esthetic and functional results. Histopathologic diagnosis matched with a dermoid cyst of mouth floor. Patient has not lesion recurrence after three years after operation. We conclude that the Dermoid cyst of mouth floor appear as benign tumor of middle line. The intrabuccal exeresis demonstrates esthetic and functional benefits. (author)

  14. Lumbar discal cyst causing bilateral radiculopathy

    OpenAIRE

    Hyung-Jun, Kwak; Dae-Yong, Kim; Tae-Ho, Kim; Ho-Sang, Park; Jae-Sung, Kim; Jae-Won, Jang; Jung-Kil, Lee; Pawl, Ron; Nancy E Epstein; Bydon, Ali

    2011-01-01

    Background: Discal cyst is a rare lesion that can result in clinical symptoms typical of disc herniation manifesting as a unilateral single nerve root lesion. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first reported case of discal cyst resulting in bilateral radiculopathy. Case Description: A 48-year-old female presented with bilateral sciatica and neurogenic claudication for 3 months. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed an extradural cystic lesion compressing the ventral aspect of t...

  15. Uncommon Locations and Presentations of Hydatid Cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Sachar, S; Goyal, S; Sangwan, S.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Hydatid disease (HD) is an ancient disease and even was known to Hippocrates. This disease involves all human parts and most common affected organs are liver and lungs. Incidence of unusual site is about 8-10%. The clinical picture depends upon the involved organs, its effects on adjacent structures, complications due to secondary infection, rupture, and anaphylaxis caused by hydatid cysts. Aim: The aim of this study was to find out incidence of unusual location of hydatid cyst in...

  16. Retroperitoneal Cyst: An Uncommon Presentation of Filariasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Senthil Ganesan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary retroperitoneal parasitic cysts are rare. Here we report about a middle aged male patient from rural north India with a recent onset of central abdominal retroperitoneal lump, pain, and fever. After surgical resection due to diagnostic uncertainty, at histopathology, it turned out be a filarial cyst. After receiving a course of diethylcarbamazine, the patient is asymptomatic at 4 months’ follow-up.

  17. Lumbar disc cyst with contralateral radiculopathy

    OpenAIRE

    Kishore Tourani; Belman Murali; Akshay Sahoo; Dandu Ravi Varma; Narayan Prasad

    2012-01-01

    Disc cysts are uncommon intraspinal cystic lesions located in the ventrolateral epidural space. They communicate with the nucleus pulposus of the intervertebral disc and cause symptoms by radicular compression. We report a unique case of lumbar disc cyst that was associated with disc herniation and contralateral radiculopathy. A 22 year old male presented with one month history of back-ache radiating to the left leg. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) showed L3-L4 disc herniation with annular t...

  18. Orbital dermoid and epidermoid cysts: Case study

    OpenAIRE

    Veselinović Dragan; Krasić Dragan; Stefanović Ivan; Veselinović Aleksandar; Radovanović Zoran; Kostić Aleksandar; Cvetanović Marija

    2010-01-01

    Introduction. Dermoid and epidermoid cysts of the orbit belong to choristomas, tumours that originate from the aberrant primordial tissue. Clinically, they manifest as cystic movable formations mostly localized in the upper temporal quadrant of the orbit. They are described as both superficial and deep formations with most frequently slow intermittent growth. Apart from aesthetic effects, during their growth, dermoid and epidermoid cysts can cause disturbances in the eye motility, and i...

  19. Vesicoovarian Fistula on an Endometriosis Abscessed Cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Tran, C; M. Even; Carbonnel, M.; Preaux, F.; Isnard, F.; Rault, A.; Rouanne, M.; Ayoubi, J. M.

    2014-01-01

    We report the case of a patient who developed a vesicoovarian fistula on an endometriosis abscessed cyst. The patient presented with an advanced endometriosis stage IV complicated with a right ovarian abscessed cyst of 10 cm. A first coelioscopy with cystectomy was realized. After surgery, a voiding cystography highlighted a fistula between the ovarian abscess and the bladder. A second surgery by median laparotomy was realized with the resection of the right ovarian abscess and the resection ...

  20. Recurring Acute Abdomen, Ovarian Cyst and Hypothyroidism

    OpenAIRE

    T Rohatgi, N Rohatgi and K Buckshee

    2007-01-01

    Spontaneous ovarian hyperstimulation, large ovarian cyst and multicystic ovaries associated with primaryhypothyroidism is infrequently reported and not widely recognized in gynaecologic literature. We reporta case of a 15 year old girl who had an acute abdomen and emergency laparotomy revealed bilaterallyenlarged ovaries, a large ovarian cyst with torsion in the right ovary and ascites. Thus right adnexa wasremoved. At that time thyroid dysfunction was neither suspected nor investigated. Five...

  1. Primary Pelvic Hydatid Cyst Obstructing the Labour

    OpenAIRE

    Sandhya S. Ware; Suwarna B Patil; Dilip S Sarate; Vinod K Sawaitul

    2015-01-01

    Hydatid disease, caused by Echinococcus granulosus, is a common parasitic infection of the liver. Primary pelvic hydatid cyst is an extremely rare condition and occurs in approximately 0.7% of patients. Hydatid disease in pregnancy is a very rare condition with incidence of 1/20000 pregnancies. We report here an unusual case of hydatid cyst of the pelvis in a 30 years old multigravida presenting with obstructed labour. Ultrasonography showed well defined mixechoic c...

  2. Post-traumatic extensive knee ganglion cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Mehran Mahvash; Majid Hashemi; Homajoun Maslehaty; Alexandros Doukas; Petridis, Athanasios K.; Hubertus Maximilian Mehdorn

    2011-01-01

    A rare case of a posttraumatic extensive ganglion cyst of the anterolateral thigh with connection to the knee joint is presented. A 54- year-old man presented a palpable mass in the anterolateral region of his right thigh with a 15 months existing sense of fullness and tightness. He had an accident with his bicycle 21 months ago. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed showing a cyst inside the quadriceps femoris muscle between vastus lateralis and intermedius with connection to recess...

  3. Intraosseous Ganglion Cyst of the Lunate

    OpenAIRE

    Nazerani, Shahram; Ebrahimpour, Adel; Najafi, Arvin; Shams Koushki, Ehsan

    2012-01-01

    Intraosseous ganglia can affect the carpal bones of the hand and must be considered in the differential diagnosis of wrist pain. A 38-year-old female presented with a 14-month history of left wrist pain and a radiolucent cystic lesion was seen computed tomography (CT) scanning. Characteristic radiographic findings of a cyst in association with a fine sclerotic rim was apparent. We report an unusual presentation of a ganglion cyst in the lunate bone with excellent treatment outcome.

  4. Thyroglossal duct cysts: sonographic findings revisited

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Sun Mi; Lee, Kyu Ho; Yoon, Jong Hyun; Shin, Ji Hoon; Choi, Choong Gon; Shu, Dae Chul; Kim, Sang Yoon [Ulsan Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to review and re-evaluate the well-known ultrasonographic characteristics of cysts of the thyroglossal duct. We retrospectively reviewed the ultrasonographic findings in 31 patients with pathologically proven cysts of the thyloglossal duct. Assessment involve the following variables: relationship to the hyoid bone,location,shape,size,margin,internal echogenicity,the presence of septa,solid component,and thickness of the cystic wall. The echogenicity of cystic contents was evaluated in 23 cysts for which surgical or aspiration biopsy reports were available.Cysts were closely attached to the hyoid bone in 30 cases (97%). Their location was infrahyoid in 14 cases, hyoid in 11, and surprahyoid in six; and midline in 18, both midline and of-midline in nine, and off-midline in four. A triangular shape was seen in 15 cases ,a round or oval shape in 12, and a lobulated shape in three. Their diameter varied from 1 to 3.8 (mean,2) cm, while internal echogenicity was hypoechoic in 12 cases, anechoic in ten, and isoechoic in nine. Septations were noted in six cases, and a solid component in two.The cystic wall was less than 1mm in six. Among 23 cases, the cystic contents were mucous in 18, serous in three , and purulent in two. The echogenicity of cysts with mucous content varied,while serous or purolent cysts were isoechoic. The characteristic sonographic finding of cyst of the thyroglossal duct is a centrally located triangular neck cyst, closely related to the hyoid bone.

  5. Unusual Perirenal Location of a Tailgut Cyst

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Joon-Won; Kim, Kyung Won; Moon, Seung Kyu; Kim, Chong Jai; Chi, Je Geun

    2002-01-01

    The authors describe a case in which a tailgut cyst occurred at an unusual location in a 22-year-old woman referred for abdominal discomfort and urinary frequency. The left abdomen contained a palpable mass, found at imaging studies to be a homogeneous, unilocular and cystic, and anterior to the left kidney. After surgical excision, it was shown to be a tailgut cyst. PMID:12514346

  6. Thyroglossal duct cysts: sonographic findings revisited

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to review and re-evaluate the well-known ultrasonographic characteristics of cysts of the thyroglossal duct. We retrospectively reviewed the ultrasonographic findings in 31 patients with pathologically proven cysts of the thyloglossal duct. Assessment involve the following variables: relationship to the hyoid bone,location,shape,size,margin,internal echogenicity,the presence of septa,solid component,and thickness of the cystic wall. The echogenicity of cystic contents was evaluated in 23 cysts for which surgical or aspiration biopsy reports were available.Cysts were closely attached to the hyoid bone in 30 cases (97%). Their location was infrahyoid in 14 cases, hyoid in 11, and surprahyoid in six; and midline in 18, both midline and of-midline in nine, and off-midline in four. A triangular shape was seen in 15 cases ,a round or oval shape in 12, and a lobulated shape in three. Their diameter varied from 1 to 3.8 (mean,2) cm, while internal echogenicity was hypoechoic in 12 cases, anechoic in ten, and isoechoic in nine. Septations were noted in six cases, and a solid component in two.The cystic wall was less than 1mm in six. Among 23 cases, the cystic contents were mucous in 18, serous in three , and purulent in two. The echogenicity of cysts with mucous content varied,while serous or purolent cysts were isoechoic. The characteristic sonographic finding of cyst of the thyroglossal duct is a centrally located triangular neck cyst, closely related to the hyoid bone

  7. Thyroglossal duct cyst carcinoma in child †

    OpenAIRE

    Tahir, Asil; Sankar, Velayutham; Makura, Zvoru

    2015-01-01

    Papillary thyroid carcinoma occurring in a thyroglossal cyst is a rare condition especially in children, and there is no consensus regarding management. There are only 10 other documented cases in the English literature for children under the age of 12. We discuss one such case. A 10-year-old female child with an 8-month history of a midline neck cyst underwent Sistrunk's procedure as surgical treatment after clinical and ultrasound scan confirmation. An incidental 9-mm papillary carcinoma wa...

  8. Pilonidal Cyst of the Penis Mimicking Carcinoma

    OpenAIRE

    Luigi Cormio; Francesca Sanguedolce; Paolo Massenio; Giuseppe Di Fino; Giuseppe Carrieri

    2013-01-01

    Pilonidal sinus is a long-standing chronic inflammatory condition consisting of a sinus tract from the skin-lined orifice extending into subcutaneous tissue, with hairs attached to the wall of the tract and projecting outside of the opening. Penile location is rare, and differential diagnosis with severe balanoposthitis, epidermal cysts, and neoplasms can be difficult. We report a rare case of pilonidal cyst located between coronal sulcus and prepuce which, due to its ulcerated aspect and abs...

  9. Pilonidal cyst on the vault: case report

    OpenAIRE

    BORGES GUILHERME; MACIEL JR JAYME ANTUNES; CARELLI EDMUR FRANCO; ALVARENGA MARCELO; CASTRO RAFAEL DE; BONILHA LEONARDO

    1999-01-01

    Pilonidal cysts and sinuses are described as dermoid cysts which contain follicles of hairs and sebaceous glands. They clinically present as a classic case of inflammation which comes with pain, local infection and redness. The origin of pilonidal disease remains controverse. There are many hypothesis as lack of hygiene on the affected area and a penetration and growth of a hair in the subcutaneus tissue caused by constant friction or direct trauma on the damaged area. The option for clinical...

  10. Z PLASTY IN PILONIDAL CYST REPAIR

    OpenAIRE

    A BEHDAD; M HOSSEINI POUR

    2000-01-01

    Introduction. The present study was coducted to evaluate the outcome and complications of Z plasty in pilonidal cyst repair. Methods. Sixty patients with pilonidal cyst were selected and repaired by Z plasty method in Al-Zahra hospital (affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services). The patients were followed for 6 months and complications such as seruma, infection and replapse wre evaluated. Results. The incidence of seruma, infection and relapse after Z...

  11. NASOPHARYNGEAL BRANCHIAL CYST CAUSING STRIDOR IN NEONATE: A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaskaran Singh

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Neonates may present with various causes of stridor. Nasopharyngeal cysts are rare congenital lesions causing difficulty in breathing. Differential diagnosis of nasopharyngeal cysts include thornwalds cyst, rathke cleft and craniopharyngioma, teratoma, epidemoid cysts, dermoid cyst, nasopharyngeal encephalocele, infected cyst and branchial cyst. Though branchial cysts are very rarely present in nasopharynx, they are easy to diagnose on MRI and fall under the category of preventable causes of neonatal stridor. Their surgical excision is the treatment of choice but sometimes owing to the other prematurities present the neonate period is not always the best time to operate. We report a case of a newborn child with nasopharyngeal branchial cyst presenting with stridor and managed conservatively with aspiration

  12. Strategies for the Management of Congenital Iris Cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaudhry, Shabana; Shoaib, Khawaja Khalid; Hing, Stephen; Smith, James

    2016-06-01

    Iris cysts can arise from iris pigment epithelium or stroma. We present 3 cases of iris cysts which have been managed in different ways. In a one-month neonate, cyst was punctured with keratome and gentle diode laser endophotocoagulation was applied to the base. A2.5-month infant presented with watering and blepharospasm since birth. Clear fluid was aspirated from the cyst with a 27-gauge needle and Ethanol 96% (ETOH) was injected into the cyst and then aspirated. It was followed by injection/aspiration of 0.3 ml of balanced salt solution thrice. Cyst wall was excised. A13-month toddler presented with 4-month history of intermittent irritation and photophobia. The cyst was aspirated with a 25-gauge needle and the cyst walls were nibbled with 20-gauge vitrectomy cutter. Excision is better than injection of sclerosing solutions. The aim is to remove the whole cyst to avoid recurrence and to prevent amblyopia. PMID:27376231

  13. Huge Pericardial Cyst Misleading Symptoms of COPD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Göktürk Fındık

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Pericardial cysts are rare benign congenital mediastinal lesions. It accounts 30% of all mediastinal cysts. They are usually asemptomatic. They can produce the compression of the mediastinal structures typically caused the symptoms of dyspnea, thoracic pain, tachicardia and cough due to the unusual large size of the cyst. It can performed symptoms of lung atelectasia. The case was a sixty-five years old woman followed with a diagnosis of COPD for seven years. The patient was admitted to our center with the diagnosis of elevation of the right hemidiaphragm on chest radiography. The computed tomography revealed a cystic lesion adjacent to the right hemidiaphragm and cyst excision was performed via right thoracotomy. Patient%u2019s postoperative clinical findings indicated that the symptoms of COPD regressed completely and the patient did not require any further bronchodilator therapy. The aim of this case report is to demonstrate that the pericardial cysts can be missed in chest radiographs and impression of cysts may cause COPD like symptoms in these patients.

  14. Isolated hydatid cyst of the adrenal gland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grubor Nikica

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Hydatid cyst of the adrenal gland is extremely rare even in generalized hydatid disease, with less than 20 cases reported in world literature including those found in autopsy. Case outline: The authors present the second case of the adrenal gland hydatid cyst described in Serbian literature, in 52-year old woman. During the investigation for the epigastric pain by ultrasonography and computed tomography, calcified cyst of the sixth segment of the liver, 44Ч39 mm in diameter, was diagnosed. However, during an open surgery, it turned out to be the cyst of the right adrenal gland. The cyst as well as the entire adrenal gland was removed. The hydatid nature of the cyst was confirmed by histological examination. The postoperative recovery was uneventful. The patient has remained symptom-free over two years after the surgery. Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the second case reported in Serbian and 18th case published in world literature.

  15. Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... I found something when I did my breast self-exam. What should I do now? How often should I have mammograms? I have breast cancer. What are my treatment options? How often should I do breast self-exams? I have breast cancer. Is my daughter ...

  16. Case Report: CT diagnosis of thymic remnant cyst/thymopharyngeal duct cyst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 4-year-old boy presented with history of left anterolateral neck swelling since birth. He was clinically diagnosed to have a branchial cleft cyst. A CT scan revealed findings suggestive of a thymic remnant cyst. The lesion was excised and the diagnosis was confirmed by histopathology

  17. Foregut duplication cysts of the stomach with respiratory epithelium

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Theodosios Theodosopoulos; Athanasios Marinis; Konstantinos Karapanos; Georgios Vassilikostas; Nikolaos Dafnios; Lazaros Samanides; Eleni Carvounis

    2007-01-01

    Gastrointestinal duplication is a congenital rare disease entity. Gastric duplication cysts seem to appear even more rarely. Herein, two duplications cysts of the stomach in a 46 year-old female patient are presented.Abdominal computed tomography demonstrated a cystic lesion attached to the posterior aspect of the gastric fundus, while upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was negative. An exploratory laparotomy revealed a non-communicating cyst and a smaller similar cyst embedded in the gastrosplenic ligament. Excision of both cysts along with the spleen was performed and pathology reported two smooth muscle coated cysts with a pseudostratified ciliated epithelial lining (respiratory type).

  18. Atlantoaxial Joint Synovial Cyst: Diagnosis and Percutaneous Treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Synovial cysts at the atlantoaxial level are found uncommonly. Lumbar symptomatic cases are treated by percutaneous cyst aspiration with or without corticoid injection or by surgical resection, but synovial cysts at the C1-C2 level are usually treated by surgery. We report here a 92-year-old woman with a retro-odontoid synovial cyst producing spinal cord compression that was treated by percutaneous aspiration of the cyst under CT guidance. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of an atlantoaxial synovial cyst successfully treated with a minimally invasive procedure.

  19. Isolated Hydatid Cyst of Ankle: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuna Demirdal

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Hydatid cyst is a zoonotic infection usually caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Hydatid cysts are most often localized in the liver and lungs. Isolated cases of hydatid cyst in soft tissue is very rare. The incidance of isolated soft tissue hydatid cyst is 2.3% in endemic areas. Medical treatment is successful in 30-40% of cases. The first choice of treatment is surgery, especially in atypical localization of hydatid cyst. We aimed to present our patient with ankle hydatid cyst, a rare case in the literature.

  20. Molecular Diagnostics in the Evaluation of Pancreatic Cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theisen, Brian K; Wald, Abigail I; Singhi, Aatur D

    2016-09-01

    Within the past few decades, there has been a dramatic increase in the detection of incidental pancreatic cysts. It is reported a pancreatic cyst is identified in up to 2.6% of abdominal scans. Many of these cysts, including serous cystadenomas and pseudocysts, are benign and can be monitored clinically. In contrast, mucinous cysts, which include intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms and mucinous cystic neoplasms, have the potential to progress to pancreatic adenocarcinoma. In this review, we discuss the current management guidelines for pancreatic cysts, their underlying genetics, and the integration of molecular testing in cyst classification and prognostication. PMID:27523971

  1. Diagnostic difficulties in breast lesions after plastic operations with silicone application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Breasts of 630 women in the age 24-78 have been prophylactically examined in the years 1992-1993. The examination included mammography, ultrasonography, physical examination and fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of detected lesions. There were 3 patients after plastic augmentation of the breasts with application of silicone. These patients had persistent tenderness of their breasts, inflammatory reaction, cysts or lumps. The mammograms were not evaluable because of profuse shadow of silicone. Ultrasonography has proved more useful but only in detecting of cysts. Physical examination was also difficult because of the bulky implant. Only liquid silicone was aspirated when FNAC was attempted. The authors conclude that cosmetic implantation of foreign materials into breasts should be contraindicated, especially in the group of women with elevated risk of the breast cancer. (author)

  2. Antigenic conservation and variation in Giardia cysts from various vertebrate hosts.

    OpenAIRE

    Riley, E T; Stibbs, H H

    1989-01-01

    Monoclonal antibodies produced against Giardia muris cysts reacted in indirect immunofluorescence with homologous cysts and cysts from a Giardia-infected wild Norway rat but did not cross-react with Giardia lamblia cysts of human, dog, or beaver sources. Another monoclonal antibody raised against Giardia simoni cysts from the Norway rat reacted with homologous cysts (rat) and cross-reacted with cysts from a cow. The demonstration of antigenic differences at the cyst surfaces of Giardia organi...

  3. A radiographic study of nasopalatine duct cysts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jun, Chan Duck; Hwang, Eui Hwan; Lee, Sang Rae [Dept. of Oral Radiology, College of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1993-02-15

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic features of 35 cases of nasopalatine duct cyst by means of the analysis of periapical and/or occlusal radiograms in 35 persons visited the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University and Chonbuk National University. The obtained results were as follows: 1. The incidence of nasopalatine duct cysts was higher in males (74.3%) than in females (25.7%). 2. The nasopalatine duct cysts were the most frequently occurred in the 4th decades (34.3%). The 6th and 7th decades (17.1%, 17.1%) were next in order to frequency followed by the 5th decades (14.3%), the 3rd decades (8.6%), the 2nd decades (5.7%), and 8th decades (2.9%). 3. In the signs and symptoms of nasopalatine duct cysts, 25.7% were swelling, 17.1% were swelling and tenderness, 20.0% were swelling and pain, and 37.2% were a symptom. 4. In the shape of nasopalatine duct cysts, 40.0% were round type, 48.6% 11.8% were heart type. 5. In symmetry of the nasopalatine duct cysts, 11.4% were 6-10 mm, 48.6% were 11-20 mm, 25.7% were 21-30 mm, and 14.3% were 31-40 mm. 6. In the periphery of nasopalatine duct cysts, 82.9% were distinct, 17.1% were relatively distinct. 7. In the change of root, 51.5% were intact, 17.1% were root divergence, 20.0% were root resorption, and 11.4% were root divergence and resorption.

  4. A radiographic study of nasopalatine duct cysts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic features of 35 cases of nasopalatine duct cyst by means of the analysis of periapical and/or occlusal radiograms in 35 persons visited the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University and Chonbuk National University. The obtained results were as follows: 1. The incidence of nasopalatine duct cysts was higher in males (74.3%) than in females (25.7%). 2. The nasopalatine duct cysts were the most frequently occurred in the 4th decades (34.3%). The 6th and 7th decades (17.1%, 17.1%) were next in order to frequency followed by the 5th decades (14.3%), the 3rd decades (8.6%), the 2nd decades (5.7%), and 8th decades (2.9%). 3. In the signs and symptoms of nasopalatine duct cysts, 25.7% were swelling, 17.1% were swelling and tenderness, 20.0% were swelling and pain, and 37.2% were a symptom. 4. In the shape of nasopalatine duct cysts, 40.0% were round type, 48.6% 11.8% were heart type. 5. In symmetry of the nasopalatine duct cysts, 11.4% were 6-10 mm, 48.6% were 11-20 mm, 25.7% were 21-30 mm, and 14.3% were 31-40 mm. 6. In the periphery of nasopalatine duct cysts, 82.9% were distinct, 17.1% were relatively distinct. 7. In the change of root, 51.5% were intact, 17.1% were root divergence, 20.0% were root resorption, and 11.4% were root divergence and resorption.

  5. MANAGEMENT OF OVARIAN CYST BY AYURVEDIC TREATMENT: A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sehgal Himanshu

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Ovarian cysts are fluid filled sacs inside the ovary that are common among women during their reproductive years. Most cysts are harmless and go away without any treatment, but some may cause problems such as rupturing, bleeding, or pain; and surgery may be required to remove the cyst(s. When the follicles (sacs in the ovaries do not rupture, they form small cysts called 'simple cysts'. These form whenever ovary produces too much of estrogen hormone. 'Dermoid cysts' & 'chocolate cysts' are other types of cysts. 'Large' or 'pathological cysts' can occur in about 5% of women during their reproductive years. Management of Ovarian cyst through surgery is available to meet urgent medical need, but huge challenges remain to treat by medicines. Ayurveda, (the Science of Life which is the oldest well documented ancient Indian System of medicine is giving new ray of hope in the management of ovarian cyst (Kaphaj Granthi vikaar. This article presents a successfully managed case of ovarian cyst in the form of a case report by Ayurvedic treatment.

  6. Radiologic findings of intraspinal epidural arachnoid cyst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To evaluate the radiologic findings of intraspinal epidural arachnoid cyst. Six patients with surgically proven intraspinal epidural arachnoid cyst were included in this study. Four were free of specific past history, but two had a history of trauma. All underwent examination by plain radiogr4aphy, CT-myelography and MRI, and the following aspects were retrospectively analysed:vertebral pressure erosion, interpedicular distance, enlargement of neural foramina, as seen on plain radiograph, contrast-filling and lateral bulging of lesions through neural foramina on CT-myelograph, and signal intensity, size and shape of margin and epidural fat pattern, as seen on MRI. Three of four congenital intraspinal epidural arachnoid cysts were single in the thoracolumbar region, while in the other case, there were multiple cysts in the mid-and lower thoracic regions. Cysts were equivaleut in size to between four and six vertebral bodies. Plain radiographic findings of pedicular pressure erosion, widened interpedicular distance, and bilateral neural foraminal enlargement of several contiguous vertebrae were observed in all four cases. One showed posterior vertebral scalloping. On CT-myelograph, a contrast-filled cystic lesion occupying the posterior epidural space, with lateral bulging through neural foramina and anterior displacement of the contrast-filled thecal sac, was seen. On MRI, longitudinally elongated, well-demarcated cysts were seen to be present in the posterior epidural space;their signal intensity was the same as in CSF. An epidural fat cap pattern enveloping the upper and lower ends of the cysts was apparent in all cases. In two cases, traumatic intraspinal epidural arachnoid cysts were situated in the thoracolumbar and lumbosacral region, respectively, near a previously injured region and were smaller (equivalent to the height of three vertebral bodies). CT-myelograph and MRI showed that their effect on the thecal sac was compressive only. When pressure erosion of

  7. Radiologic findings of intraspinal epidural arachnoid cyst

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oh, Jeong Kwon; Eun, Choong Ki; Jeon, Young Seup; Lee, Jong Yuk; Lee, Young Joon; Shim, Jae Hong [Inje Univ. College of Medicine, Pusan (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Soon Seup [Donga Univ. College of Medicine, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

    1998-10-01

    To evaluate the radiologic findings of intraspinal epidural arachnoid cyst. Six patients with surgically proven intraspinal epidural arachnoid cyst were included in this study. Four were free of specific past history, but two had a history of trauma. All underwent examination by plain radiogr4aphy, CT-myelography and MRI, and the following aspects were retrospectively analysed:vertebral pressure erosion, interpedicular distance, enlargement of neural foramina, as seen on plain radiograph, contrast-filling and lateral bulging of lesions through neural foramina on CT-myelograph, and signal intensity, size and shape of margin and epidural fat pattern, as seen on MRI. Three of four congenital intraspinal epidural arachnoid cysts were single in the thoracolumbar region, while in the other case, there were multiple cysts in the mid-and lower thoracic regions. Cysts were equivaleut in size to between four and six vertebral bodies. Plain radiographic findings of pedicular pressure erosion, widened interpedicular distance, and bilateral neural foraminal enlargement of several contiguous vertebrae were observed in all four cases. One showed posterior vertebral scalloping. On CT-myelograph, a contrast-filled cystic lesion occupying the posterior epidural space, with lateral bulging through neural foramina and anterior displacement of the contrast-filled thecal sac, was seen. On MRI, longitudinally elongated, well-demarcated cysts were seen to be present in the posterior epidural space;their signal intensity was the same as in CSF. An epidural fat cap pattern enveloping the upper and lower ends of the cysts was apparent in all cases. In two cases, traumatic intraspinal epidural arachnoid cysts were situated in the thoracolumbar and lumbosacral region, respectively, near a previously injured region and were smaller (equivalent to the height of three vertebral bodies). CT-myelograph and MRI showed that their effect on the thecal sac was compressive only. When pressure erosion of

  8. Percutaneous alcohol sclerotherapy for symptomatic congenital cysts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Twenty patients with symptomatic congenital cysts in the liver, kidney, thyroid, and lower neck underwent, ultrasound guided percutaneous aspiration through a drainage catheter with temporary instillation of 95% ethanol into the cyst. Our procedure was based on the method as described by Bean and Rodan(16) in 1985. Additionally, two other steps were added to prevent the dilutional effect of residual cyst fluid. One was the preliminary washing of the cyst with alcohol. The other was to treat with 30% replacement of alcohol every 10 minutes during the treatment secession. Minor complications of transient temperature elevation and haziness occurred, but no major complications were encountered. After the alcohol treatment follow up examinations were performed with computed tomography or ultrasonography at 6 weeks, 6 months, 9 months and 15 months. Although there was diminished size, recurrence was noted in 6 of twenty patients(30%) at 6 weeks and one of twenty patients(5%) at 6 months. There was no recurrence at 9 months and 15 months. The results indicated that percutaneous aspiration and alcohol sclerotherapy are safe and effective therapy for symptomatic congenital cysts

  9. Percutaneous Ethibloc injection in aneurysmal bone cysts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garg, N.K.; Walsh, H.P.J.; Dorgan, J.C.; Bruce, C.E. [Dept. of Orthopaedics, Royal Liverpool Children' s Hospital (United Kingdom); Carty, H. [Dept. of Radiodiagnosis, Royal Liverpool Children' s Hospital (United Kingdom)

    2000-04-01

    Objective. To investigate whether the injection of Ethibloc into aneurysmal bone cysts can be an effective treatment modality.Design and patients. Ethibloc is an alcoholic solution of zein (corn protein) which has thrombogenic and fibrogenic properties. Ten patients with aneurysmal bone cysts were treated with CT-guided percutaneous injection of Ethibloc into the cyst cavity. Ethibloc injection was the primary treatment in five patients. Four patients had recurrence following previous curettage and bone grafting and one patient had not responded to injection into the lesion of autologous iliac crest bone marrow aspirate. Three patients needed a second injection. The median follow-up was 27 (6-60) months.Results and conclusion. Symptoms were relieved in all patients. At imaging, seven patients had resolution of the lesion and three had partial response at the most recent follow-up. Complications consisted of a local transitory inflammatory reaction in two patients and an aseptic abscess in one patient. This relatively simple, minimally invasive procedure makes an operation unnecessary by stopping the expansion of the cyst and inducing endosteal new bone formation. This technique may be used as the primary management of aneurysmal bone cysts excluding spinal lesions. (orig.)

  10. Percutaneous Ethibloc injection in aneurysmal bone cysts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective. To investigate whether the injection of Ethibloc into aneurysmal bone cysts can be an effective treatment modality.Design and patients. Ethibloc is an alcoholic solution of zein (corn protein) which has thrombogenic and fibrogenic properties. Ten patients with aneurysmal bone cysts were treated with CT-guided percutaneous injection of Ethibloc into the cyst cavity. Ethibloc injection was the primary treatment in five patients. Four patients had recurrence following previous curettage and bone grafting and one patient had not responded to injection into the lesion of autologous iliac crest bone marrow aspirate. Three patients needed a second injection. The median follow-up was 27 (6-60) months.Results and conclusion. Symptoms were relieved in all patients. At imaging, seven patients had resolution of the lesion and three had partial response at the most recent follow-up. Complications consisted of a local transitory inflammatory reaction in two patients and an aseptic abscess in one patient. This relatively simple, minimally invasive procedure makes an operation unnecessary by stopping the expansion of the cyst and inducing endosteal new bone formation. This technique may be used as the primary management of aneurysmal bone cysts excluding spinal lesions. (orig.)

  11. Intraspinal synovial cyst at the craniocervical junction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eustacchio, S; Trummer, M; Unger, F; Flaschka, G

    2003-01-01

    A cystic lesion adjacent to the dens with compression of the lower portion of the medulla oblongata was found on MRI in a 75-year-old male patient with a 2-month history of occipital pain and gait disturbance. Clinically, the patient showed mild tetraparesis, signs of spinal ataxia and symmetrical hyperreflexia. Following subtotal removal of the cyst via left-sided suboccipital craniotomy and left-sided hemilaminectomy of C1 the lesion was classified as synovial cyst on histopathological examination. Postoperatively, the quadriparesis almost completely subsided and the patient is currently doing well, 33 months after surgery. Synovial or ganglion cysts adjacent to the atlantoaxial articulation with ventral compression of the cervicomedullar cord represent rare surgical or radiological entities. Atlantoaxial synovial cysts have no typical radiographic appearance or specific neurological symptoms so that they are frequently misdiagnosed as intraspinal- or skull base tumour, rheumatoid lesion or ectatic vertebral artery. Since no ensuing complications or recurrences have been encountered in cases of incompletely removed cysts the less invasive operative approaches should be used to avoid destabilisation and subsequent additional surgical procedures. PMID:12838478

  12. Endoscopic treatment of the suprasellar arachnoid cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yadav Y

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Surgical options for suprasellar arachnoid cyst are cystoperitoneal shunt, craniotomy fenestration and endoscopic fenestration. Endoscopic management has been found to be safe and effective. We report our experience with endoscopic management in 12 (male five, female seven; age range 8 months to 42 years patients with suprasellar arachnoid cyst. The endoscopic procedure included lateral ventricle puncture by precoronal burr hole and superior and inferior wall of the cyst was communicated with the lateral ventricle and the interpeduncular cistern respectively. All patients had hydrocephalus. Four pediatric patients had macrocephaly. All adult patients had visual disturbances. One adult patient presented with psychomotor disturbance along with features of raised intracranial pressure. All cases improved following endoscopic treatment. There were no complications or death. One patient required VP shunt. Postoperative MRI showed significant reduction in cyst volume in 11 patients. Follow-up ranged from 6 months to 6 and a half years. Our study suggests that endoscopic technique is a safe and effective alternative treatment for suprasellar arachnoid cyst. It prevents complications such as subdural effusion and intracranial hematoma, which are not uncommon with craniotomy fenestration.

  13. Postmenopausal Vaginal Endometriotic Cyst: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esengul Turkyilmaz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A seventy-three-year-old patient%u2019s vaginal examination revealed a semi-mobile cystic structure visualised at the middle third portion of the posterior vaginal wall. The cyst was excised and the cyst wall was sent for pathological examination. The histopathological examination of the cyst with CD10 staining and tests for nuclear estrogen receptor positivity and nuclear progesteron receptor positivity revealed that the cyst wall contained endometrial stromal cells, endometrial surface epithelial cells, and hemosiderin-laden macrophages. Endometriosis externa was diagnosed based on the above findings. The case we report here, of an isolated vaginal endometriotic cyst, is unique because of its presentation in a postmenopausal woman without any history of infertility, any gynecologic surgery, or hormone replacement therapy. The reasonable explanation for this case might include certain mechanisms such as the self-sustaining existence of endometriotic cells that were implanted during the premenopausal period to the vagina and that maintain local estrogen production. No single hypothesis can explain the pathophysiology of endometriosis, given all of its various forms and presentations.

  14. Tailgut cyst accompanied with bony defect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Jae-Sang; Shim, Jai-Joon; Lee, Kyeong-Seok; Doh, Jae-Won

    2016-04-01

    Retro-rectal cystic hamartoma (tailgut cyst), is an uncommon congenital developmental lesion, generally located in the retro-rectal space. Its diagnosis and approach is challenging because the retropelvic space is not familiar. We report a 51-year-old woman who presented with paresthesia and pain in perianal area. The magnetic resonance image showed high signal intensity on the T1-weighted image and iso to high signal intensity on the T2-weighted image of the retropelvic space and CT showed sacral bony defect. We chose the posterior approach for removal of the tailgut cyst. Histopathology exam of the retropelvic cyst revealed a multiloculated cyst containing abundant mucoid material lined by both squamous and glandular mucinous epithelium. The patient has recovered nicely with no recurrence. Tailgut cyst needs complete surgical excision for good prognosis. So, a preoperative high-resolution image and co-operation between neurosurgen and general surgeon would help to make safe and feasible diagnosis and surgical access. PMID:27073796

  15. Spontaneously resolving macular cyst in an infant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anuradha Ganesh

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to describe transient macular cysts in an infant and correlate their occurrence with normal development events. A newborn Caucasian girl presented with a protruding corneal mass in her left eye at birth. She underwent a complete ophthalmic examination. A keratinized staphylomatous malformation involving the entire cornea and precluding further visualization of the anterior and posterior segment was observed in the left eye. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT of the right eye performed when the child was approximately 6-week-old had revealed an unexpected finding of macular cysts involving the inner nuclear and outer retinal layers. Corneal transplant in the left eye was performed a month later. Ocular examination under anesthesia just prior to surgery revealed normal intraocular pressure, anterior segment and retina in the right eye. SD-OCT was normal in both eyes and showed complete resolution of the cysts in the right eye. The patient had not been on any medications at that time. Although clinical retinal examination might be unremarkable, SD-OCT may reveal cystic spaces in the macula. In the absence of conditions known to be associated with macular edema, transient macular cysts may arise due to a developmental incompetence of the blood-retinal barrier or may represent transient spaces created during normal migration of retinal cells. Further study is warranted to delineate the entity of transient macular cysts in infancy.

  16. Craniofacial Procedure to Treat Encephalocele and an Arachnoid Cyst

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... of this developing later on in life into cancer?” And, you know, my understanding is that there ... the encephalocele. Clearly, the arachnoid cyst is not cancer. This is a cyst, a bubble, a lining ...

  17. [Complex odontoma with dentigerous cyst: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qizhang, Xu; Hongliang, Zhang; Xiaoyu, Wang; Zhanji, Wang; Qianqian, Xu; Qiong, Ma

    2014-12-01

    Complex odontoma is a relatively rare dental dysplasia. In particular, a complex odontoma with dentigerous cyst is seldom observed. A case of complex odontoma with dentigerous cyst is reported in this paper. PMID:25665433

  18. Craniofacial Procedure to Treat Encephalocele and an Arachnoid Cyst

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... an arachnoid cyst. And in listening to Dumanel’s history when we talk with him, it became apparent ... kind of work you see here on the screen, by opening the cyst up, by allowing it ...

  19. Tarlov cyst: Case report and review of literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prashad, Bhagwat; Jain, Anil K; Dhammi, Ish K

    2007-10-01

    We describe a case of sacral perineural cyst presenting with complaints of low back pain with neurological claudication. The patient was treated by laminectomy and excision of the cyst. Tarlov cysts (sacral perineural cysts) are nerve root cysts found most commonly in the sacral roots, arising between the covering layer of the perineurium and the endoneurium near the dorsal root ganglion. The incidence of Tarlov cysts is 5% and most of them are asymptomatic, usually detected as incidental findings on MRI. Symptomatic Tarlov cysts are extremely rare, commonly presenting as sacral or lumbar pain syndromes, sciatica or rarely as cauda equina syndrome. Tarlov cysts should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with these complaints. PMID:21139800

  20. Craniofacial Procedure to Treat Encephalocele and an Arachnoid Cyst

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... lose the pressure on his brain and hopefully cure the arachnoid cyst. When people are found to ... cysts fenestrated, have a lifetime or long-term cure, and about a quarter to a third end ...

  1. Diagnostic challenge of large congenital liver cyst in the newborn.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viswanathan, Sreekanth; Kumar, Deepak

    2014-04-01

    Liver cysts in the newborn often pose significant diagnostic challenges. Described herein is a case of large congenital liver cyst that was difficult to diagnose both antenatally and postnatally and which was later diagnosed as Caroli disease. PMID:24730630

  2. A rare case of carcinoid tumor in a tailgut cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asad Jehangir

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Tailgut cysts are rare congenital lesions that arise from the failure of regression of the embryological tailgut. We report a case of neoplastic transformation of tailgut cyst to carcinoid tumor which is exceedingly uncommon.

  3. A rare case of carcinoid tumor in a tailgut cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Asad Jehangir; Le, Brian H.; Carter, Frank M.

    2016-01-01

    Tailgut cysts are rare congenital lesions that arise from the failure of regression of the embryological tailgut. We report a case of neoplastic transformation of tailgut cyst to carcinoid tumor which is exceedingly uncommon.

  4. A rare case of carcinoid tumor in a tailgut cyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jehangir, Asad; Le, Brian H; Carter, Frank M

    2016-01-01

    Tailgut cysts are rare congenital lesions that arise from the failure of regression of the embryological tailgut. We report a case of neoplastic transformation of tailgut cyst to carcinoid tumor which is exceedingly uncommon. PMID:27406449

  5. Primary spinal intradural hydatid cyst--a short report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pushparaj, K; Sundararajan, M; Madeswaran, K; Ambalavanan, S

    2001-06-01

    Primary spinal hydatid cysts are uncommon. Among these, intradural presentation is very rare. A case of primary spinal intradural hydatid cyst presenting as incomplete dorsal cord compression is reported here for its rarity. PMID:11447449

  6. Primary spinal intradural hydatid cyst--a short report.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pushparaj K

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available Primary spinal hydatid cysts are uncommon. Among these, intradural presentation is very rare. A case of primary spinal intradural hydatid cyst presenting as incomplete dorsal cord compression is reported here for its rarity.

  7. Primary spinal intradural hydatid cyst--a short report.

    OpenAIRE

    Pushparaj K; Sundararajan M; Madeswaran K; Ambalavanan S

    2001-01-01

    Primary spinal hydatid cysts are uncommon. Among these, intradural presentation is very rare. A case of primary spinal intradural hydatid cyst presenting as incomplete dorsal cord compression is reported here for its rarity.

  8. Giant epidermoid inclusion cyst of the clitoris mimicking clitoromegaly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Ojaimi, Eftekhar Hassan; Abdulla, Maryam Mohd

    2013-01-01

    We describe a rare case of clitoromegaly due to a large clitoral cyst that occurred spontaneously without any declared previous female genital mutilation. The cyst was excised successfully with good cosmetic results. PMID:23222050

  9. Tarlov cyst: Case report and review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prashad Bhagwat

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available We describe a case of sacral perineural cyst presenting with complaints of low back pain with neurological claudication. The patient was treated by laminectomy and excision of the cyst. Tarlov cysts (sacral perineural cysts are nerve root cysts found most commonly in the sacral roots, arising between the covering layer of the perineurium and the endoneurium near the dorsal root ganglion. The incidence of Tarlov cysts is 5% and most of them are asymptomatic, usually detected as incidental findings on MRI. Symptomatic Tarlov cysts are extremely rare, commonly presenting as sacral or lumbar pain syndromes, sciatica or rarely as cauda equina syndrome. Tarlov cysts should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with these complaints.

  10. Intraoperative endobronchial rupture of pulmonary hydatid cyst: An airway catastrophe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richa Gupta

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Hydatid cyst disease of lungs may not be symptomatic. It may present as spontaneous rupture in pleura or a bronchus. During spontaneous breathing, cyst content of endobronchially ruptured pulmonary hydatid cyst is mostly evacuated by coughing. However, during positive pressure ventilation such extruded fragments may lodge into smaller airway leading to an airway catastrophe. We present such accidental endobronchial rupture of pulmonary hydatid cyst during surgery, its prompt detection, and management by rigid bronchoscopy.

  11. Intramuscular dissection of Baker's cysts: report on three cases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Baker's cysts are fluid distensions of the gastrocnemius-semimembranosus bursa and are the most common cystic lesion around the knee. Typically cysts enlarge along intermuscular planes around the knee. We report three cases in which the expanding cyst did not respect these planes and dissected along an intramuscular route as confirmed by MR imaging. Such behaviour by Baker's cysts is hitherto unreported in the literature. Possible mechanisms to account for this phenomenon are discussed. (orig.)

  12. BILATERAL NASOLABIAL CYST: A RARE CAUSE OF NASAL OBSTRUCTION

    OpenAIRE

    Samir

    2015-01-01

    Nasolabial cyst is rare, nonodontogenic, soft tissue, and developmental cyst. It is located inferior to the nasal ala. It is frequently asymptomatic, we report a rare case of bilateral nasolabial cysts causing nasal obstruction. This case report provides review of current knowledge adout pathogenesis, symptoms, imaging modalities, histopathology, treatment options and prognosis of nasolabial cyst. A 30 years old woman presented with swelling below the nose around the upper lip...

  13. Prevalence of odontogenic cysts and tumors among UAE population

    OpenAIRE

    Natheer Hashim Al-Rawi; Manal Awad; Imad Eddin Al-Zuebi; Racha A Hariri; Eman W Salah

    2013-01-01

    Background: Odontogenic cysts and tumors are lesions that tend to arise from the tooth apparatus or its remnants. Odontogenic cysts and tumors constitute an important aspect of oral maxillofacial pathology as they can be diagnosed in general dental practice. Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of odontogenic cysts and tumors diagnosed in the UAE and to compare the results with findings in the literature. Materials and Methods: Data of odontogenic cysts diagnosed betw...

  14. Intraoperative Discography for Detecting Concealed Lumbar Discal Cysts

    OpenAIRE

    Kwon, Yoon-Kwang; Choi, Kyung-Chul; Lee, Choon Dae; Lee, Sang-Ho

    2013-01-01

    Lumbar discal cyst is a rare cause of radiculopathy. Their exact pathogenesis and the optimal treatment modality remain unidentified. Depending on their location, discal cysts cannot always be easily identified intraoperatively. We describe 2 patients with discal cysts and introduce an intraoperative discography technique for discal cyst location. Both patients were treated with surgical excision; with intraoperative discography, the cystic lesions could easily be detected and removed.

  15. Anaphylaxis Caused By Hydatid Cyst in Asthmatic Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Bahanur Cekic

    2015-01-01

    There are many reasons for developing anaphylaxis under anesthesia. This risk increase in patients with hydatid cyst surgery. Hydatid cyst is a parasitic disease that is caused by Echinecocus granulosus. It is usually observed between the ages of 35-50. High antigenic hydatid cyst fluid spreads as a result of surgical manipulation or post-traumatic rupture. Hydatid cyst fluid causes anaphylactic reactions (urticarial, rash), shock, and cardiovascular collapse and progress mortal. Diagnosis an...

  16. Laparoscopic management of ovarian cysts: an endocrinologist view.

    OpenAIRE

    Thornton, K. L.; DeCherney, A H

    1991-01-01

    The management of certain ovarian cysts has evolved from the traditional and often quite radical surgical approach to a more conservative approach. Much of this change can be attributed to the improvement in laparoscopic surgical technique. After a brief discussion of the differential diagnosis and clinical presentation of ovarian cysts, ultrasonographic features of certain ovarian cysts will be reviewed. Certainly the ability to characterize cysts ultrasonographically has facilitated gynecol...

  17. Immunofluorescence and morphology of Giardia lamblia cysts exposed to chlorine.

    OpenAIRE

    Sauch, J F; Berman, D

    1991-01-01

    Giardia cyst-like objects detected by immunofluorescence in chlorinated water samples often cannot be positively identified by their morphological appearance. To determine the effect of chlorine on cyst immunofluorescence and morphology, Giardia lamblia cysts were exposed to chlorine for 48 h. The majority of cysts exposed to chlorine concentrations of 1 to 11 mg/liter at 5 and 15 degrees C lost their internal morphological characteristics necessary for identification, but most of them were s...

  18. Identification of chitin as a structural component of Giardia cysts.

    OpenAIRE

    Ward, H D; Alroy, J.; Lev, B. I.; Keusch, G T; Pereira, M.E.

    1985-01-01

    The intestinal parasite Giardia lamblia is a significant cause of diarrheal disease, which is perpetuated by the infective cyst form of the parasite. Although a rational approach to the control of giardiasis would be to inhibit cyst formation, nothing is known of the chemical composition of the cyst wall or of its biosynthesis. In these studies, we have shown that chitin is a major structural component of G. lamblia and G. muris cyst walls. This conclusion is based on the finding that chitina...

  19. A tailgut cyst-cystic mass diagnosed by prenatal ultrasonography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Ki Yeong; Lee, Na Mi; Choi, Eung Sang; Yoo, Byoung Hoon; Kim, Gwang Jun; Cha, Seong Jae; Kim, Gi Hyeon; Kim, Mi Kyung

    2013-05-01

    Tailgut cysts are congenital lesions found in the presacral space. These have been mainly identified in adults and are rare in children, especially neonates. Here, we present the case of a neonate with a presacral cystic mass detected by prenatal ultrasonography that was diagnosed as a tailgut cyst after postnatal surgical removal. When a presacral cyst is encountered, tailgut cyst should be considered in the differential diagnosis. PMID:23943703

  20. Acute respiratory failure as a manifestation of an arachnoid cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Pillai Lalitha; Achari Gopal; Desai Sanjay; Patil Vinayak

    2008-01-01

    Arachnoid cysts are the most common congenital cystic lesions in the brain occurring in the middle fossa, suprasellar region and occasionally in the posterior fossa. Conventionally all cysts are considered as benign and symptoms are attributed to expansion of cysts causing compression of adjacent neurological structures, bleeds within the cyst or due to the development of acute hydrocephalus. We are reporting this case of a 15-year-old female patient with non-progressive weakness in the limbs...

  1. Breast Gangrene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Husasin Irfan

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Breast gangrene is rare in surgical practice. Gangrene of breast can be idiopathic or secondary to some causative factor. Antibiotics and debridement are used for management. Acute inflammatory infiltrate, severe necrosis of breast tissue, necrotizing arteritis, and venous thrombosis is observed on histopathology. The aim of was to study patients who had breast gangrene. Methods A prospective study of 10 patients who had breast gangrene over a period of 6 years were analyzed Results All the patients in the study group were female. Total of 10 patients were encountered who had breast gangrene. Six patients presented with breast gangrene on the right breast whereas four had on left breast. Out of 10 patients, three had breast abscess after teeth bite followed by gangrene, one had iatrogenic trauma by needle aspiration of erythematous area of breast under septic conditions. Four had history of application of belladonna on cutaneous breast abscess and had then gangrene. All were lactating female. Amongst the rest two were elderly, one of which was a diabetic who had gangrene of breast and had no application of belladonna. All except one had debridement under cover of broad spectrum antibiotics. Three patients had grafting to cover the raw area. Conclusion Breast gangrene occurs rarely. Etiology is variable and mutifactorial. Teeth bite while lactation and the iatrogenic trauma by needle aspiration of breast abscess under unsterlised conditions could be causative. Uncontrolled diabetes can be one more causative factor for the breast gangrene. Belladonna application as a topical agent could be inciting factor. Sometimes gangrene of breast can be idiopathic. Treatment is antibiotics and debridement.

  2. Development of the yellow potato cyst nematode Globodera rostochiensis (Woll.) on potatoes after gamma irradiation of cysts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gamma irradiation inhibited the development of the yellow potato cyst nematode, Globodera rostochiensis (Woll.) Behrens when cysts containing juveniles in anabiosis were irradiated with a dose of 0.5 kGy or higher. A dose of 0.5 kGy reduced the infestation level and the density of females/cysts on root of infested plants. However, a few cysts were found on roots of plants grown in pots with soil treated with a dose of 3.0 kGy. Development of the second generation of the potato cyst nematode (= F1 cysts that originated from irradiated cysts) was much weaker than that of the parental generation. The F1 females and/or cysts were found only in the control and in the 0.5 kGy treatment in low numbers. (author)

  3. Hyperdense Renal Cyst. A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Jamil Torres Aranda

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Increased radiological tests have facilitated the discovery of kidney cysts, which sometimes do not meet clear criteria for benignity or malignancy. Among these lesions, the hyperdense cysts pose a challenge to all those responsible for their diagnosis and treatment. For such reasons we decided to present the case of a 23-year-old female patient with a history of sickle cell anemia, who attended the emergency department of the Dr. Gustavo Aldereguía Lima University General Hospital due to colic-like pain in the left lumbar region unresponsive to analgesics. She was diagnosed with category II renal cyst according to Bosniak classification using computed tomography with and without intravenous contrast.

  4. Orbital hydatid cysts: sonographic and CT appearance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hydatid disease is a rare cause of proptosis even in the densely endemic countries. Orbital hydatid cysts present clinically as painless progressive unilateral proptosis, impaired vision and restricted ocular motility. Early diagnosis is essential to prevent blindness. The conventional radiological investigations, laboratory and immuno diagnosis of this entity are generally unhelpful. Of the two non-invasive imaging modalities, ultrasound (US) and computed tomography (CT) have been reported to yield good results in the detection of intracerebral and intra orbital hydatid cysts. To the authors knowledge this is the firs report in the literature regarding US evaluation of orbital hydatidosis. The cases of two patients with orbital hydatid cysts were evaluated by US and CT. Image morphology of this rare disease is presented. 5 refs., 5 figs

  5. Orbital hydatid cysts: sonographic and CT appearance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharma, Raju; Vashisht, Sushma; Berry, Manorama [All India Inst. of Medical Sciences, New Delhi (India). Dept. of Nuclear Medicine

    1995-08-01

    Hydatid disease is a rare cause of proptosis even in the densely endemic countries. Orbital hydatid cysts present clinically as painless progressive unilateral proptosis, impaired vision and restricted ocular motility. Early diagnosis is essential to prevent blindness. The conventional radiological investigations, laboratory and immuno diagnosis of this entity are generally unhelpful. Of the two non-invasive imaging modalities, ultrasound (US) and computed tomography (CT) have been reported to yield good results in the detection of intracerebral and intra orbital hydatid cysts. To the authors knowledge this is the firs report in the literature regarding US evaluation of orbital hydatidosis. The cases of two patients with orbital hydatid cysts were evaluated by US and CT. Image morphology of this rare disease is presented. 5 refs., 5 figs.

  6. Lumbar disc cyst with contralateral radiculopathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kishore Tourani

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Disc cysts are uncommon intraspinal cystic lesions located in the ventrolateral epidural space. They communicate with the nucleus pulposus of the intervertebral disc and cause symptoms by radicular compression. We report a unique case of lumbar disc cyst that was associated with disc herniation and contralateral radiculopathy. A 22 year old male presented with one month history of back-ache radiating to the left leg. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI showed L3-L4 disc herniation with annular tear and cystic lesion in the extradural space anterior to the thecal sac on right side, which increased in size over a period of 3 weeks. L3 laminectomy and bilateral discectomy and cyst excision was done with partial improvement of patients symptoms.

  7. Synovial sarcoma arising in association with a popliteal cyst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Synovial sarcoma is a relatively common soft tissue sarcoma particularly in the adolescent and young adult. We report an unusual case of a synovial sarcoma arising within a popliteal cyst in a 13-year-old female presenting with bilateral popliteal cysts. MR imaging demonstrated the cyst with evidence of subacute haemorrhage and a discrete nodule of tumour. (orig.)

  8. Synovial sarcoma arising in association with a popliteal cyst

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ayoub, K.S.; Grimer, R.J. [Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Birmingham (United Kingdom). Dept. of Orthopaedic Oncology; Davies, A.M. [MRI Centre, Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Birmingham (United Kingdom); Mangham, D.C. [Dept. of Pathology, Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Birmingham (United Kingdom); Twiston Davies, C.W. [Jersey General Hospital (United Kingdom). Dept. of Orthopaedic Surgery

    2000-12-01

    Synovial sarcoma is a relatively common soft tissue sarcoma particularly in the adolescent and young adult. We report an unusual case of a synovial sarcoma arising within a popliteal cyst in a 13-year-old female presenting with bilateral popliteal cysts. MR imaging demonstrated the cyst with evidence of subacute haemorrhage and a discrete nodule of tumour. (orig.)

  9. Unilateral Pulmonary Agenesis and Gastric Duplication Cyst: A Rare Association

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Halilbasic

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Lung agenesis and gastric duplication cysts are both rare congenital anomalies. Gastric duplication cysts can present with nausea, vomiting, hematemesis, or vague abdominal pain. Unilateral pulmonary agenesis can present with respiratory distress which usually occurs due to retention of bronchial secretions and inflammations. We report the unique case of right pulmonary agenesis associated with gastric duplication cyst.

  10. Unilateral Pulmonary Agenesis and Gastric Duplication Cyst: A Rare Association

    OpenAIRE

    Amir Halilbasic; Fahrija Skokic; Nesad Hotic; Edin Husaric; Gordana Radoja; Selma Muratovic; Nermina Dedic; Meliha Halilbasic

    2013-01-01

    Lung agenesis and gastric duplication cysts are both rare congenital anomalies. Gastric duplication cysts can present with nausea, vomiting, hematemesis, or vague abdominal pain. Unilateral pulmonary agenesis can present with respiratory distress which usually occurs due to retention of bronchial secretions and inflammations. We report the unique case of right pulmonary agenesis associated with gastric duplication cyst.

  11. Case report: Antenatal MRI diagnosis of esophageal duplication cyst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Esophageal duplication cysts are classified as a subgroup of foregut duplication cysts. They are very rare and are predominantly detected in children. Antenatal detection is very rare. We report a case of an esophageal duplication cyst that was accurately identified antenatally by USG and MRI

  12. Antenatally diagnosed ovarian cyst with torsion managed laparoscopically

    OpenAIRE

    Singal A; Vignesh K; Paul Sarah; Matthai John

    2008-01-01

    Ovarian cyst are the most common intra-abdominal cyst in female neonate. With the help of ultrasound one can make an antenatal diagnosis. We present one such neonate, she was managed by laparoscopic excision. We conclude that neonatal laparoscopy is technically feasible for management of such cysts.

  13. Laparoscopic resection of a torted ovarian dermoid cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bain Charles J

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Torsion or rupture of an ovarian cyst may present as an acute abdomen. A case is presented where the diagnosis was made at laparoscopy and laparoscopic resection was done. Controlled aspiration of the cyst contents allowed the cyst to be easily removed from the abdomen.

  14. Laparoscopic resection of a torted ovarian dermoid cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Bain Charles J; Williams Katie M; Kelly Michael D

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Torsion or rupture of an ovarian cyst may present as an acute abdomen. A case is presented where the diagnosis was made at laparoscopy and laparoscopic resection was done. Controlled aspiration of the cyst contents allowed the cyst to be easily removed from the abdomen.

  15. [Sacral perineural cysts. Contribution of magnetic resonance imaging].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, T; Michel, D; Solvet, P; Antoine, J C; Barral, F G

    1992-01-01

    In a 41-year old woman complaining of episodic bilateral sciatic pain, MRI showed large sacral cysts developed in the pelvis. The fact that these cysts communicated with the subarachnoidal spaces was not clearly demonstrated by CT. The mechanism underlying the development of this perineural variety of extradural cysts is discussed. PMID:1439457

  16. Radiographically ossified ganglion cyst of finger in a swimmer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ganglion cysts are fibrous-walled cystic lesions closely associated with joint or tendon sheaths and contain gelatinous mucinous fluid. The radiographic appearance is usually normal. Calcification or ossification in these cysts is extremely unusual. We report on an unusual appearing ganglion cyst of the little finger in a swimmer with ossification resembling myositis ossificans. (orig.)

  17. The successful arthroscopic treatment of suprascapular intraneural ganglion cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasad, Nikhil K; Spinner, Robert J; Smith, Jay; Howe, Benjamin M; Amrami, Kimberly K; Iannotti, Joseph P; Dahm, Diane L

    2015-09-01

    OBJECT High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can distinguish between intraneural ganglion cysts and paralabral (extraneural) cysts at the glenohumeral joint. Suprascapular intraneural ganglion cysts share the same pathomechanism as their paralabral counterparts, emanating from a tear in the glenoid labrum. The authors present 2 cases to demonstrate that the identification and arthroscopic repair of labral tears form the cornerstone of treatment for intraneural ganglion cysts of the suprascapular nerve. METHODS Two patients with suprascapular intraneural ganglion cysts were identified: 1 was recognized and treated prospectively, and the other, previously reported as a paralabral cyst, was identified retrospectively through the reinter-pretation of high-resolution MR images. RESULTS Both patients achieved full functional recovery and had complete radiological involution of the intraneural ganglion cysts at the 3-month and 12-month follow-ups, respectively. CONCLUSIONS Previous reports of suprascapular intraneural ganglion cysts described treatment by an open approach to decompress the cysts and resect the articular nerve branch to the glenohumeral joint. The 2 cases in this report demonstrate that intraneural ganglion cysts, similar to paralabral cysts, can be treated with arthroscopic repair of the glenoid labrum without resection of the articular branch. This approach minimizes surgical morbidity and directly addresses the primary etiology of intraneural and extraneural ganglion cysts. PMID:26323813

  18. Radiographically ossified ganglion cyst of finger in a swimmer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tehranzadeh, J.; Anavim, A. [Department of Radiological Sciences, University of California, Orange (United States); Lin, F. [Department of Pathology, University of California, Irvine Medical Center, Orange (Canada)

    1998-12-01

    Ganglion cysts are fibrous-walled cystic lesions closely associated with joint or tendon sheaths and contain gelatinous mucinous fluid. The radiographic appearance is usually normal. Calcification or ossification in these cysts is extremely unusual. We report on an unusual appearing ganglion cyst of the little finger in a swimmer with ossification resembling myositis ossificans. (orig.) With 3 figs., 8 refs.

  19. Congenital Laryngeal Cyst: A Rare Cause of Polyhydramnios

    OpenAIRE

    Hatice Tatar Aksoy; Nilda Süslü; Gamze Demirel; İstemihan Çelik; Fuat Emre Canpolat; Ömer Erdeve; Umut Akyol; Ugur Dilmen

    2013-01-01

    Congenital laryngeal cyst is a rare cause of airway obstruction that may require urgent diagnosis and treatment. We report a case of a neonate having history of polyhydramnios and severe respiratory distress at birth. A laryngeal cyst detected during intubation. The outcome of laryngoscopic treatment of the cyst was favorable.

  20. Congenital Laryngeal Cyst: A Rare Cause of Polyhydramnios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hatice Tatar Aksoy

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Congenital laryngeal cyst is a rare cause of airway obstruction that may require urgent diagnosis and treatment. We report a case of a neonate having history of polyhydramnios and severe respiratory distress at birth. A laryngeal cyst detected during intubation. The outcome of laryngoscopic treatment of the cyst was favorable.

  1. Choledochal cyst as a diagnostic pitfall: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Waidner Uta

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Choledochal cysts are rare congenital anomalies. Their diagnosis is difficult, particulary in adults. Case presentation This case report demonstrates the diagnostic and therapeutic pitfalls. Conclusion To prevent cost-intensive and potentially life-threating complications, a choledochal cyst must be considered in the differential diagnosis whenever the rather common diagnosis of a hepatic cyst is considered.

  2. Deposition of intraosseous fat in a degenerating simple bone cyst

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wada, R.; Lambert, R.G.W. [University of Alberta, Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging, Edmonton, Alberta (Canada)

    2005-07-01

    A simple bone cyst in the proximal humerus of an 18-year-old man was treated by percutaneous ablation with alcohol irrigation. Subsequent involution of the cyst was associated with fatty replacement within the intraosseous defect. A possible relationship between involuting bone cyst and apparent intraosseous lipoma is discussed. (orig.)

  3. Infected bronchogenic cyst causing dysphagia and retrosternal pain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergaard, Eva Bjerre; Pedersen, Jesper Holst; Kleive, Dyre Berg

    2013-01-01

    and fever. Subsequent X-ray and computerised tomography scan showed a bronchogenic cyst. The patient underwent subacute thoracotomy where a bronchogenic cyst filled with pus was located and excised. Bronchogenic cysts can be a rare cause of retrosternal pain. Please cite this paper as: Søndergaard EB...

  4. A Torsioned and Autoamputated Ovarian Cyst Simulating a Duplication Cyst: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Uğuralp, Sema

    2007-01-01

    The commonest and most serious complication of neonatal ovarian cysts is torsion. Ovarian torsion leads to loss of the ovary. We report a case of a torsioned and autoamputated right ovarian cyst presenting as a duplication cyst of the intestine in a newborn. An abdominal cystic mass 4.8 x 3.4 cm in diameter was diagnosed in a 36-week-gestation fetus using antenatal ultrasonography (US). The physical examination revealed a mobile abdominal mass in the right upper quadrant. Postnatal US confirm...

  5. Laparoscopic treatment of unilocular renal hydatid cyst mimicking a simple cyst in a child.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onal, Bulent; Demirkesen, Oktay; Citgez, Sinharib; Argun, Burak; Oner, Armagan

    2008-12-01

    A 110 x 70 x 60-mm hydatid cyst in the right kidney of a 5-year-old boy was treated using a laparoscopic approach. The renal hydatid cyst was not identified before the operation. There were no complications related to surgery and therapy. The child was under follow-up for 12 months and there was no evidence of recurrence on ultrasonography and computed tomography during this period. To our knowledge, this is the first case of renal hydatid cyst treated by laparoscopic approach in a child. PMID:19013417

  6. Ganglion cyst versus synovial cyst? Ultrasound characteristics through a review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giard, Marie-Claude; Pineda, Carlos

    2015-04-01

    Ultrasonographic characteristics of two common musculoskeletal lesions, ganglion cysts (GCs) and synovial cysts (SCs) are presented through a review of the literature. Although similar in many ways, these two lesions display different morphostructural characteristics justifying, in our view, their descriptions as separate entities. Mainly different from an anatomopathologic point of view, they also differ in their potential therapeutic implications. A symptomatic GC, refractory to conservative therapy, may require surgical excision of the cyst itself. For SC, therapy should primarily be oriented toward identifying and correcting the often coexisting intra-articular disease instead of only targeting merely its consequence, the SC. PMID:25190552

  7. A study on radicular cysts of primary teeth mimicking dentigerous cysts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    20 radicular cysts of primary teeth mimicking dentigerous cyst were reviewed. The following results were obtained. 1. The patients' age ranged from 7 to 14 years. Males(60%) were more involved than females (40%). 2. The mandible (85%) was affected more frequently than the maxilla (15%). The mandibular deciduous molar area (80%) was the most frequently involved. 3. The diameter of the cyst varied from 10 to 30 mm. 55% of permanent successors showed underdeveloped roots less than one-third. 4. The etiologic factors were pulp-treated teeth (65%), severe caries (20%), trauma (10%), deep amalgam filling (5%).

  8. Cysts of the central nervous system : a clinicopathologic study of 145 cases.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sundaram C

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available Non-neoplastic, non-inflammatory cysts of the central nervous system may cause symptoms because of pressure, rupture or secondary inflammation. A total of 145 cases of cysts were reviewed during a study period of 12 years. The clinical details and histological features were noted in all cases. During this period 53 epidermoid cysts, 16 dermoid cysts, 38 colloid cysts, 23 arachnoid cysts, 5 neurenteric cysts, 5 ependymal and glial cysts, 2 Rathke′s cleft cysts and 3 unclassified cysts were encountered. The possible histogenesis is also discussed.

  9. An unusual congenital hepatic cyst in an adolescent and review of differential diagnoses of complex liver cysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliane Gibbs

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available The diagnosis of a simple hepatic cyst is not difficult, but diagnostic confusion occurs when atypical features such as intracystic debris or extremely large size are present. In children, simple liver cysts are described as small, asymptomatic, and rarely hemorrhagic. We report an adolescent male presenting with an unusually large hepatic cyst that did not have typical imaging characteristics. The imaging findings and histology are displayed along with the differential diagnoses of complex liver cysts.

  10. The Toxoplasma gondii Cyst Wall Protein CST1 Is Critical for Cyst Wall Integrity and Promotes Bradyzoite Persistence

    OpenAIRE

    Tadakimi Tomita; Bzik, David J.; Yan Fen Ma; Fox, Barbara A.; Lye Meng Markillie; Taylor, Ronald C.; Kami Kim; Louis M Weiss

    2013-01-01

    Toxoplasma gondii infects up to one third of the world's population. A key to the success of T. gondii as a parasite is its ability to persist for the life of its host as bradyzoites within tissue cysts. The glycosylated cyst wall is the key structural feature that facilitates persistence and oral transmission of this parasite. Because most of the antibodies and reagents that recognize the cyst wall recognize carbohydrates, identification of the components of the cyst wall has been technicall...

  11. Breast lift

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... One breast that is larger than the other (asymmetry of the breasts) Uneven position of the nipples ... to achieve this important distinction for online health information and services. Learn more about A.D.A. ...

  12. Breast cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... perform breast self-exams each month. However, the importance of self-exams for detecting breast cancer is ... M. is also a founding member of Hi-Ethics and subscribes to the principles of the Health ...

  13. Primary Amenorrhea with Bilateral Endometriotic Cysts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Primary amenorrhea is a common problem. Diagnosis is usually by going through systematic approach of history, examination and investigations. This case had bilateral large endometriotic cysts in the adnexal region. Uterus was normal sized with well-formed endometrium. She underwent laparotomy followed by drainage of endometriotic cysts, stripping and reconstruction of ovaries was performed. Patient was given a trial of combined oral contraceptive pills for two consecutive cycles to observe withdrawal bleeding, but it failed. Till now we are unable to find out such case in literature. Exact case of primary amenorrhea could not be found. (author)

  14. Giant epidermal cyst of the tarsal plate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohana Majumdar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A 35-year-old male patient presented with a right upper eyelid mass with mechanical ptosis. The patient gave no history of trauma or surgery. On examination, there was a huge cystic mass fixed to the tarsal plate. Excisional biopsy with tarsectomy was done. Histopathology sections demonstrated a keratin-filled cyst arising from the tarsus. A thorough Pubmed search did not reveal an epidermal cyst of the tarsal plate of this size which was successfully managed. The incision was made in such a way that postoperative ptosis would be avoided. Excess skin was removed during the surgery.

  15. A radiographic study of solitary bone cysts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical, radiographic and histopathologic features of 23 cases of solitary bone cyst by means of the analysis of radiographs and biopsy specimens in 23 persons visited the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University and Chunbuk National University. The obtained results were as follows; 1. The incidence of solitary bone cyst was almost equal in males (52.2%) and in females(42.8%) and the prevalent age of the solitary bone cyst were the second decade (47.8%) and the third decade (21.7%). 2. In the signs and symptoms of solitary bone cyst, pain or tenderness revealed in 17.4%, swelling revealed in 13.0%, pain and swelling revealed in 21.7%, paresthesia revealed in 4.4% and 43.5% were a symptom and the tooth vitality involved in the solitary bone cyst, 76.5% were posterior and 23.5% were either positive or negative. 3. In the location of the solitary bone cyst, 47.8% present posterior region, 21.7% present anterior region, 21.6% present anterior and posterior region, 4.4% present condylar process area. 4. In the hyperostotic border of the solitary bone cyst, 47.8% were seen entirely, 21.8% were seen partially, and 30.4% were not seen. 5. In the change of tooth, 59.1% were loss of the alveolar lamina dura, 13.6% were root resorption 4.55% were tooth displacement, 4.55% were root resorption and tooth displacement. 6. In the change of cortical bone of the solitary bone cyst, 39.1% were intact and 60.9% were thinning and expansion of cortical bone. 7. In the histopathologic findings of 9 cases, 33.3% were thin connective tissue wall, 11.1% were thickened myxo-fibromatous wall, 55.6% were thickened myxofibromatous wall with dysplastic bone formation.

  16. Multiple mediastinal hydatic cyst: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammadi, Afshin; Khodabakhsh, Maryam

    2011-01-01

    Hydatid disease is a parasitic infection that is remains endemic in many countries, particularly the Middle East and Central Asia. Mediastinal hydatidosis is very rare (less than 0.1% of all hydatid disease cases) that have been only anecdotally in the literature. To the best of our knowledge only one case of multiple mediastineal hydatid cysts has been reported previously. We report the second cases of multiple mediastineal hydatid cysts and recommend that it can be considered in the differential diagnosis of multiple cystic mediastineal masses in endemic countries. PMID:21554233

  17. Pilonidal Cyst of the Penis Mimicking Carcinoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cormio, Luigi; Sanguedolce, Francesca; Massenio, Paolo; Di Fino, Giuseppe; Carrieri, Giuseppe

    2013-01-01

    Pilonidal sinus is a long-standing chronic inflammatory condition consisting of a sinus tract from the skin-lined orifice extending into subcutaneous tissue, with hairs attached to the wall of the tract and projecting outside of the opening. Penile location is rare, and differential diagnosis with severe balanoposthitis, epidermal cysts, and neoplasms can be difficult. We report a rare case of pilonidal cyst located between coronal sulcus and prepuce which, due to its ulcerated aspect and absence of a tract with projecting hairs, simulated a penile carcinoma. PMID:24159417

  18. The Toxoplasma gondii cyst wall protein CST1 is critical for cyst wall integrity and promotes bradyzoite persistence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomita, Tadakimi; Bzik, David J; Ma, Yan Fen; Fox, Barbara A; Markillie, Lye Meng; Taylor, Ronald C; Kim, Kami; Weiss, Louis M

    2013-01-01

    Toxoplasma gondii infects up to one third of the world's population. A key to the success of T. gondii as a parasite is its ability to persist for the life of its host as bradyzoites within tissue cysts. The glycosylated cyst wall is the key structural feature that facilitates persistence and oral transmission of this parasite. Because most of the antibodies and reagents that recognize the cyst wall recognize carbohydrates, identification of the components of the cyst wall has been technically challenging. We have identified CST1 (TGME49_064660) as a 250 kDa SRS (SAG1 related sequence) domain protein with a large mucin-like domain. CST1 is responsible for the Dolichos biflorus Agglutinin (DBA) lectin binding characteristic of T. gondii cysts. Deletion of CST1 results in reduced cyst number and a fragile brain cyst phenotype characterized by a thinning and disruption of the underlying region of the cyst wall. These defects are reversed by complementation of CST1. Additional complementation experiments demonstrate that the CST1-mucin domain is necessary for the formation of a normal cyst wall structure, the ability of the cyst to resist mechanical stress, and binding of DBA to the cyst wall. RNA-seq transcriptome analysis demonstrated dysregulation of bradyzoite genes within the various cst1 mutants. These results indicate that CST1 functions as a key structural component that confers essential sturdiness to the T. gondii tissue cyst critical for persistence of bradyzoite forms. PMID:24385904

  19. The Toxoplasma gondii cyst wall protein CST1 is critical for cyst wall integrity and promotes bradyzoite persistence.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tadakimi Tomita

    Full Text Available Toxoplasma gondii infects up to one third of the world's population. A key to the success of T. gondii as a parasite is its ability to persist for the life of its host as bradyzoites within tissue cysts. The glycosylated cyst wall is the key structural feature that facilitates persistence and oral transmission of this parasite. Because most of the antibodies and reagents that recognize the cyst wall recognize carbohydrates, identification of the components of the cyst wall has been technically challenging. We have identified CST1 (TGME49_064660 as a 250 kDa SRS (SAG1 related sequence domain protein with a large mucin-like domain. CST1 is responsible for the Dolichos biflorus Agglutinin (DBA lectin binding characteristic of T. gondii cysts. Deletion of CST1 results in reduced cyst number and a fragile brain cyst phenotype characterized by a thinning and disruption of the underlying region of the cyst wall. These defects are reversed by complementation of CST1. Additional complementation experiments demonstrate that the CST1-mucin domain is necessary for the formation of a normal cyst wall structure, the ability of the cyst to resist mechanical stress, and binding of DBA to the cyst wall. RNA-seq transcriptome analysis demonstrated dysregulation of bradyzoite genes within the various cst1 mutants. These results indicate that CST1 functions as a key structural component that confers essential sturdiness to the T. gondii tissue cyst critical for persistence of bradyzoite forms.

  20. Ultrasonographic diagnosis of breast tumors: analysis of 604 cases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the diagnostic value of ultrasound examination in breast tumors. Methods: The ultrasonography and pathological results of 604 patients with breast tumors were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The ultrasonographic diagnosis was correct in 512/604 (84.8%) with 94.1% (80/85) accuracy in cysts, 92.2% (141/153), and 72.3% (73/101) in intraductal papilloma. The overall diagnostic accuracy of malignant and benign tumors was 80.3% and 85.9%, respectively. 25 malignancies was misdiagnosed as benign with features of ill-defined boundary, low level echo, lack of blood supply or calcification. Conclusion: Ultrasonographic diagnosis more accurate in benign breast tumors. Main reasons for misdiagnosis included atypical features of some breast tumors, insufficient knowledge of ultrasonic appearances of rare breast tumors; lack of correlation with clinical findings, and unfamiliarity with the imaging parameters. (authors)

  1. Proteomic analysis of the cyst stage of Entamoeba histolytica.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibne Karim M Ali

    Full Text Available The category B agent of bioterrorism, Entamoeba histolytica has a two-stage life cycle: an infective cyst stage, and an invasive trophozoite stage. Due to our inability to effectively induce encystation in vitro, our knowledge about the cyst form remains limited. This also hampers our ability to develop cyst-specific diagnostic tools.Three main aims were (i to identify E. histolytica proteins in cyst samples, (ii to enrich our knowledge about the cyst stage, and (iii to identify candidate proteins to develop cyst-specific diagnostic tools.Cysts were purified from the stool of infected individuals using Percoll (gradient purification. A highly sensitive LC-MS/MS mass spectrometer (Orbitrap was used to identify cyst proteins.A total of 417 non-redundant E. histolytica proteins were identified including 195 proteins that were never detected in trophozoite-derived proteomes or expressed sequence tag (EST datasets, consistent with cyst specificity. Cyst-wall specific glycoproteins Jacob, Jessie and chitinase were positively identified. Antibodies produced against Jacob identified cysts in fecal specimens and have potential utility as a diagnostic reagent. Several protein kinases, small GTPase signaling molecules, DNA repair proteins, epigenetic regulators, and surface associated proteins were also identified. Proteins we identified are likely to be among the most abundant in excreted cysts, and therefore show promise as diagnostic targets.The proteome data generated here are a first for naturally-occurring E. histolytica cysts, and they provide important insights into the infectious cyst form. Additionally, numerous unique candidate proteins were identified which will aid the development of new diagnostic tools for identification of E. histolytica cysts.

  2. Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breast cancer affects one in eight women during their lives. No one knows why some women get breast cancer, but there are many risk factors. Risks that ... who have family members with breast or ovarian cancer may wish to be tested for the genes. ...

  3. Ultrasound - Breast

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Even so, mammograms do not detect all breast cancers. Some breast lesions and abnormalities are not visible or are difficult to interpret on mammograms. In breasts that are dense, meaning there is a lot ... and less fat, many cancers can be hard to see on mammography. Many ...

  4. A Case Report on the Choledochal Cyst in Pregnancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sh Alizadeh

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Choledochal cyst is a rare congenital abnormality of the biliary tract presented primarily in infants and young children. It is very uncommon for choledochal cyst to be demonstrated during pregnancy. In fact, its manifestations during pregnancy are nonspecific and variable. If symptoms of abdominal pain, and jaundice were observed, choledocal cyst should be considered as a differential diagnosis. MRI is regarded more reliable in order to diagnose the number and anatomic location of the cyst. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancratogeraphy is another diagnostic method which can be opted for in pregnancy. Moreover, Laprascopy can be utilized for the cyst fenestration treatment.

  5. Identification of an intraspinal arachnoidal cyst by CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Clarification of the subjective complaints caused by meningeal malformations represented by an arachnoidal cyst in the sacral region was achieved for the first time by analysing an arachnoidal cyst which had been determined by myelography, computed tomography, biopsy and histological examination. Principles of mechanics and dynamics play an important part. The pattern of complaints is mainly due to the communication between the cyst and the CSF space, as well as a valve mechanism with filling of the cyst. Surgical reduction or removal of the cyst, and elimination of the connection with the CSF, produced freedom from complaints. (orig.)

  6. Primary left ventricular hydatid cyst in a child: case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The most common cause of echinococcosis in humans is Echinococcus granulosus. Although hydatid cyst is most frequently localized in liver (more than 65% of cases) and lung (25%) by means of portal and systemic circulation, it may involve other tissues and organs. Cardiac hydatid cysts account for only 0.5%-2% of all hydatid cysts, even in endemic areas. Of all cardiac hydatid cysts, the left ventricle accounts for 60%, right ventricle 10%, pericardium 7%, pulmonary artery 6%, left atrial appendage 6%, and interventricular septum 4%. We report the case of a myocardial hydatid cyst of the left ventricle in a 9-year-old boy. (author)

  7. Fish-bone associated infected urachal cyst: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kang, Chae Hoon; Kim, You Me [Dankook University Hospital, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-04-15

    Congenital urachal abnormalities are more common in children, but urachal cyst is more frequently seen in adults. Infection within a cyst produces significant symptoms, which may explain the fact that three times as many infected cysts as uninfected urachal cysts are detected in adults. We report here on a case of infected urachal cyst with a fish bone and also the fistular formation between the ileum and urachus in a 63-year-old male with a history of urinary frequency and a tender mass at the lower abdominal quadrant.

  8. Epidermoid Cyst of the Testicle: Unusual Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Epidermoid cyst of the testis is an uncommon benign tumor that can be treated by organ-preserving surgery when diagnosed preoperatively. Although some sonographic characteristics may be suggestive of epidermoid cysts, sonography is not completely diagnostic. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings may provide support for the diagnosis of epidermoid cysts. The MRI findings of testicular epidermoid cysts have been reported as either bull's eye or target in appearance, or with signal intensity characteristics more typical of a cystic lesion. In this paper, we present typical sonographic and unusual MRI findings of a testicular epidermoid cyst

  9. [Suprasellar arachnoid cyst associated with syringomyelia. Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sleiman, M; Assaker, R; Bourgeois, P; Lejeune, J P; Soto-Ares, G

    2000-02-01

    We present a case of suprasellar arachnoid cyst which was revealed by visual impairement and hypopituitarism. Neuroradiological imaging showed the peculiar association of the suprasellar cyst with cerebellar tonsillar herniation and a large asymptomatic cervical syringomyelic cavity. Surgical treatment of the suprasellar cyst allowed the reduction of both the cyst and the syrinx. A common pathophysiological mechanism of these lesions is discussed. We suggest the possibility that an initial obstruction of the basal cisterns caused the suprasellar cyst formation which led to medullar cavity formation. PMID:10790641

  10. Relationship between dorsal ganglion cysts of the wrist and intraosseous ganglion cysts of the carpal bones.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van den Dungen, Sophie; Marchesi, Simona; Ezzedine, Rabih; Bindou, David; Lorea, Patrick

    2005-10-01

    Soft tissue ganglion cysts are the most common benign tumours of the wrist; their pathogenesis remains controversial. We prospectively screened the radiographic appearance of the wrists of 51 patients presenting to a single surgeon with dorsal wrist ganglions during a one-year period. Postero-anterior and lateral radiographs were systematically performed looking for possible associated intraosseous ganglion cysts. There were 51 dorsal soft tissue ganglion cysts in 51 patients. We detected 29 associated intraosseous ganglia in 24 patients (47%): 16 ganglia in the lunate bone (55%), 5 in the capitate bone, 7 in the scaphoid and 1 in the trapezoid. Mean size of the intraosseous ganglia was 3 mm (range, 2 to 5 mm). This high prevalence of intraosseous ganglia in association with soft tissue ganglia has to our knowledge never been reported previously. A common aetiology for these two types of ganglion cysts may explain this high association rate. PMID:16305077

  11. Proteomic Study of Entamoeba histolytica Trophozoites, Cysts, and Cyst-Like Structures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luna-Nácar, Milka; Navarrete-Perea, José; Moguel, Bárbara; Bobes, Raúl J; Laclette, Juan P; Carrero, Julio C

    2016-01-01

    The cyst stage of Entamoeba histolytica is a promising therapeutic target against human amoebiasis. Our research team previously reported the production in vitro of Cyst-Like Structures (CLS) sharing structural features with cysts, including rounded shape, size reduction, multinucleation, and the formation of a chitin wall coupled to the overexpression of glucosamine 6-phosphate isomerase, the rate-limiting enzyme of the chitin synthesis pathway. A proteomic study of E. histolytica trophozoites, cysts, and in vitro-produced CLS is reported herein to determine the nature of CLS, widen our knowledge on the cyst stage, and identify possible proteins and pathways involved in the encystment process. Total protein extracts were obtained from E. histolytica trophozoites, CLS, and partially purified cysts recovered from the feces of amoebic human patients; extracts were trypsin-digested and analyzed by LC-MS/MS. In total, 1029 proteins were identified in trophozoites, 550 in CLS, and 411 in cysts, with 539, 299, and 84 proteins unique to each sample, respectively, and only 74 proteins shared by all three stages. About 70% of CLS proteins were shared with trophozoites, even though differences were observed in the relative protein abundance. While trophozoites showed a greater abundance of proteins associated to a metabolically active cell, CLS showed higher expression of proteins related to proteolysis, redox homeostasis, and stress response. In addition, the expression of genes encoding for the cyst wall proteins Jessie and Jacob was detected by RT-PCR and the Jacob protein identified by Western blotting and immunofluorescence in CLS. However, the proteomic profile of cysts as determined by LC-MS/MS was very dissimilar to that of trophozoites and CLS, with almost 40% of hypothetical proteins. Our global results suggest that CLS are more alike to trophozoites than to cysts, and they could be generated as a rapid survival response of trophozoites to a stressful condition

  12. Adenosquamous carcinoma arising within a retrorectal tailgut cyst: Report of a case

    OpenAIRE

    Krivokapic, Zoran; Dimitrijevic, Ivan; Barisic, Goran; Markovic, Velimir; Krstic, Miodrag

    2005-01-01

    Retrorectal, developmental tail gut cysts, include dermoid cysts, rectal duplication cysts and retrorectal cyst-hama-rtomas. Retrorectal cyst-hamartomas (RCH) are derived from remnants of the tail gut, the most caudal part of the embryonic hind gut, which normally involutes by the 8th wk of embryonic development (3-8 mm stage). They have specific radiological and histopathological features that distinguish them from other similar formations (dermoid cysts, enteric duplication cysts and terato...

  13. A PATIENT WITH EPIDERMAL CYST IN MANDIBULA, SIMULTANEOUSLY ENUCLEATION OF EPIDERMAL CYST AND IMPLANT PLACEMENT:

    OpenAIRE

    Terzi, Mithat; Karaaslan, Fatih; Çalık, Muhammed; Dilsiz, Alparslan; ALTUN, Eren

    2015-01-01

    Dermoid cysts are malformations that rarely seen in oral mucosa and can be defined as an epidermoid when lining presents only epithelium. Epidermoid and dermoid cysts are rarely seen in intraosseous and there was a few report about their presentation in the jaws. The development in implant surfaces and surgical techniques has led to changes in treatment protocol such as immediate implant placement. Immediate implant placement has some advantages such as, reduction in the time of treatment and...

  14. [Pre-sacral cyst as differential diagnosis to recurrent pilonidal cyst with abscess].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tengberg, Line Toft; Bulut, Orhan; Andersen, Jens

    2015-01-26

    A 31-year-old man presented with a recurrent abscess in the gluteal cleft. It was interpreted as a pilonidal sinus and he underwent surgery several times. The modified Bascom's asymmetric midgluteal cleft closure technique was used without satisfying clinical remission. Endoscopy, magnetic resonance imaging and transrectal ultrasound visualized a pre-sacral cyst, which was excised in toto with laterosacral approach of Kraske. A histological examination showed epidermal inclusion cyst. The post-operative course was uneventful. PMID:25612946

  15. Radiologic manifestations of colloid cysts: a pictorial essay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Algin, Oktay; Ozmen, Evrim; Arslan, Halil

    2013-02-01

    Colloid cysts are among rare benign tumours of the third ventricle. Although the most frequent symptoms are headache and syncope, arrest hydrocephalus or sudden death could appear with colloid cysts. The aim of this pictorial essay was to increase awareness of the clinical presentation, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging spectrum, and treatment options of the colloid cysts. The data of 11 patients with histopathologically and/or clinically proven colloid cyst were analysed, retrospectively; and the neuroradiologic appearances of the cysts were evaluated. The CT and MR appearance of colloid cysts may change, depending on the viscosity or the cholesterol content of the cysts. However, the cystic content is the most important factor that could affect the success of treatment. Cysts that are especially rich in protein and cholesterol tend to be hyperdense on CT, hypointense on T2-weighted sequences and hyperintense on T1-weighted sequences. These cysts are viscous, and the success of aspiration is significantly low. In the diagnosis and evaluation of small-sized cysts that have an ingredient similar to cerebrospinal fluid, 3-dimensional sequences might be useful. The radiologic appearances of colloid cysts could play an important role in directing these patients to alternative surgical modalities, including resection. PMID:22575594

  16. Diagnostic value of magnetic resonance imaging in postoperative maxillary cyst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is superior to conventional X-ray tomography and CT scanning in detecting postoperative maxillary cysts (POMCs). We analyzed the MRI features of 51 cases (72 sides) and compared them with the operative findings of 42 cases (52 sides) of POMC. The total number of cysts diagnosed was 121. Multiple cysts were found in 37 sides (51%) and bilateral cysts were found in 21 cases (45%). According to classification of POMC based on location in the maxilla, the central cysts were found in only 38% of all cysts (peripheral ones in 62%). In the 42 patients operated on, 69 of 83 cysts which had been detected by MRI were confirmed, whereas there were two additional cysts which could not be diagnosed preoperatively. Sixty-four of 71 cysts were opened to the nasal cavity under endonasal endoscopic control. The other seven cysts (five sides) were operated on via a buccogingival incision. Detailed and accurate diagnosis by MRI and development of endoscopic instruments enabled endonasal surgery in most (91%) sides of the POMC. In five cysts of the superior type which are small, isolated and distant from the lateral wall of the nasal cavity, endoscopic endonasal surgery was not indicated. In conclusion, MRI for POMC was extremely helpful in selecting a surgical approach. (author)

  17. Prevalence of odontogenic cysts and tumors among UAE population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natheer Hashim Al-Rawi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Odontogenic cysts and tumors are lesions that tend to arise from the tooth apparatus or its remnants. Odontogenic cysts and tumors constitute an important aspect of oral maxillofacial pathology as they can be diagnosed in general dental practice. Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of odontogenic cysts and tumors diagnosed in the UAE and to compare the results with findings in the literature. Materials and Methods: Data of odontogenic cysts diagnosed between 1990 and 2010 were collected from the files of the Oral Pathology Laboratory and Oral Surgery Department of Tawam Hospital, UAE. Results: Most of the prevalent odontogenic cysts are radicular cysts (69.1% - followed by dentigerous cysts (7.9%. Among the odontogenic tumors, the most prevalent is odontoma (12.2% followed by ameloblastoma (2.9%. The middle and posterior mandible was the most common anatomic site for the formation of cysts and tumors. In fact, 93.4% of patients over 40 years presented with odontogenic cysts, whereas 6.3% presented with odontogenic tumor. Odontoma as odontogenic tumor was seen mostly in the first and second decades of life. Conclusion: The prevalence of odontogenic cysts was similar to that reported in the literature, with inflammatory cysts occurring most frequently.

  18. An inflamed trichilemmal (pilar cyst: Not so simple?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Maria Abreu Velez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Context : Trichilemmal (pilar cysts are common skin lesions that often present on the scalps of mature men and women. These cysts often become inflamed when the wall of the cyst ruptures, but few reports have addressed the immunologic features of this process. Case Report: A 22-year-old female presented with rapidly growing nodule on her left cheek, with evidence of acute inflammation. Skin tissue for hematoxylin and eosin examination, as well as for immunohistochemical analysis was taken and reviewed. As controls, we utilized two archival, non-inflamed trichilemmal cysts. Hematoxylin and eosin staining demonstrated classic features of an inflamed trichilemmal cyst. No cytologic atypia was noted, and no significant number of mitotic figures was identified. Immunohistochemistry stains revealed that several cell cycle/tumor suppressor/apoptotic markers, antigen presenting cell markers, metalloproteinases and T cell response markers were highly expressed inside and around the disrupted cyst. The control, non-inflamed cysts were negative for the same markers. CD1a was also appreciated within the epidermis, suprajacent to the inflamed cyst. Conclusions : Upregulation and/or downregulation of selected cell cycle regulator and/or tumor suppressor/apoptotic markers, as well as antigen presenting cells and some protein kinases could recruit and activate T lymphocytes and other inflammatory cells to the non-disrupted cyst for unknown reasons. The immune response may be involved in the initial cyst rupture, or induced by an unknown alteration in the cyst. Larger studies are needed to address these questions.

  19. Posterior vaginal wall cyst of Mullerian origin: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunita Samal

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Cystic lesions of vagina are relatively uncommon and an incidental finding during routine gynaecological examination. Mullerian cysts are congenital cysts of vagina, usually reported during childbearing age group. These cysts mostly arise at the level of cervix and extend anteriorly in relation to bladder, but very rarely they may also extend posteriorly. This is a rare case of posterior vaginal wall cyst of Mullerian origin. A 36-year-old multi para (P2L2 both SVD, presented with a mass descending through vagina since 2-3 months. Pelvic examination revealed a 5x5 cm cystic mass arising from the posterior vaginal wall. Complete excision of the cyst was done. The cyst was filled with chocolate coloured material and histopathology confirmed a Mullerian cyst. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2015; 4(1.000: 245-246

  20. Spontaneous haemorrhage and rupture of third ventricular colloid cyst.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Ogbodo, Elisha

    2012-01-01

    Acute bleeding within a colloid cyst of the third ventricle represents a rare event causing sudden increase in the cyst volume that may lead to acute hydrocephalus and rapid neurological deterioration. We report a case of spontaneous rupture of haemorrhagic third ventricular colloid cyst and its management. A 77-year-old ex-smoker presented with unsteady gait, incontinence and gradually worsening confusion over a 3-week period. Brain CT scan findings were highly suggestive of a third ventricular colloid cyst with intraventricular rupture. He underwent cyst excision and histopathology, which confirmed the radiological diagnosis with evidence of haemorrhage within the cyst. A ventriculo peritoneal shunt was performed for delayed hydrocephalus. Surgical management of these patients must include emergency ventriculostomy followed by prompt surgical removal of the haemorrhagic cyst.

  1. CT guided puncture aspiration and sclerosing treatment of ovary cyst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To analyze the method and the curative effect with CT guided percutaneous puncture aspiration and sclerosing treatment of ovary cyst. Method: 22 ovary cysts in 22 patients were treated with percutaneous puncture aspiration and underwent repeated sclerotherapy with 99.7% ethanol injection. Among the 22 patients, 18 patients had solitary ovary cyst and was aspirated with an 18-22G gauge aspiration needle. The amount of aspirated fluid varied from 30ml-500ml and 25%-30% cyst volume was replaced by appropriate ethanol Post treatment follow-up were achieved every 3 months. Results All the Punctures were successfully completed. During the 3 months to one year follow-up, 16 ovary cyst disappeared, 6 cysts were small over 50%, without main complication. Conclusion CT guided percutaneous puncture aspiration and sclerosing treatment of ovary cyst is a treatment of choice because of its safety, low complication, and high curative effect. (authors)

  2. Simultaneous bilateral ganglion cysts of the anterior cruciate ligaments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demircay, Emre; Ofluoglu, Demet; Ozel, Omer; Oztop, Pinar

    2015-04-01

    Intra-articular ganglion cysts of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) are rare, and bilateral ganglion cysts are even rarer. These cysts may cause intermittent or chronic nonspecific knee discomfort. Although three cases of bilateral ganglion cysts have been reported in the literature, the knees were not simultaneously affected in those cases. Herein, we report the case of a 56-year-old woman who presented with simultaneous bilateral ganglion cysts of the ACL that were symptomatic. She was successfully treated with arthroscopic resection and debridement. We also present a brief review of the literature, highlighting the aetiology, diagnosis and management of ganglion cysts of the ACL. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of simultaneous bilateral intra-articular ganglion cysts of the ACL. PMID:25917477

  3. Unusual prerectal location of a tailgut cyst: A case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Si-Hyong Jang; Ki-Seok Jang; Young-Soo Song; Kyueng-Whan Min; Hong-Xiu Han; Kyeong-Geun Lee; Seung- Sam Paik

    2006-01-01

    Tailgut cyst is a rare congenital cystic lesion arising from the remnants of the embryonic postanal gut. It occurs exclusively within the retrorectal space and rarely in the perirenal area or in the subcutaneous tissue. A prerectal and retrovesical location of tailgut cyst is extremely rare.To the best of our knowledge, only three cases have been reported in the English literature. We experienced an unusual case of tailgut cyst developed in the prerectal and retrovesical space in a 14-year-old boy. Abdominal computed tomography demonstrated a prerectal cyst which was located at the anterolateral portion to the rectum. The cyst contained yellowish inspissated mucoid material. Microscopically, the cyst was lined by squamous, columnar, cuboidal and transitional epithelia and the wall was fibrotic with dispersed smooth muscle cells. Although tailgut cyst arising in prerectal area is extremely rare, its possibility should be considered in differential diagnosis of a prerectal and retrovesical cystic mass.

  4. Unusual prerectal location of a tailgut cyst: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jang, Si-Hyong; Jang, Ki-Seok; Song, Young-Soo; Min, Kyueng-Whan; Han, Hong-Xiu; Lee, Kyeong-Geun; Paik, Seung-Sam

    2006-08-21

    Tailgut cyst is a rare congenital cystic lesion arising from the remnants of the embryonic postanal gut. It occurs exclusively within the retrorectal space and rarely in the perirenal area or in the subcutaneous tissue. A prerectal and retrovesical location of tailgut cyst is extremely rare. To the best of our knowledge, only three cases have been reported in the English literature. We experienced an unusual case of tailgut cyst developed in the prerectal and retrovesical space in a 14-year-old boy. Abdominal computed tomography demonstrated a prerectal cyst which was located at the anterolateral portion to the rectum. The cyst contained yellowish inspissated mucoid material. Microscopically, the cyst was lined by squamous, columnar, cuboidal and transitional epithelia and the wall was fibrotic with dispersed smooth muscle cells. Although tailgut cyst arising in prerectal area is extremely rare, its possibility should be considered in differential diagnosis of a prerectal and retrovesical cystic mass. PMID:16937513

  5. Multiple soft tissue aneurysmal cysts: An occurrence after resection of primary aneurysmal bone cyst of fibula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karkuzhali P

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of multiple extraosseous aneurysmal cysts occurring in the muscle and subcutaneous plane of postero-lateral aspects of the upper right leg. They appeared about 15 months after resection of aneurysmal bone cyst of the upper end of the fibula. They varied in size from 2 cm to 5 cm. Radiologically they were well-defined lesions with central septate areas surrounded by a rim of calcification. Histologically they showed central cystic spaces separated by septa consisting of fibroblasts, osteoclast type of giant cells and reactive woven bone. Thus they showed histological similarity with aneurysmal bone cysts, but did not show any connection with the bone. Only very few examples of aneurysmal cysts of soft tissue had been described in the past one decade and they were reported in various locations including rare sites such as arterial wall and larynx. Recent cytogenetic analyses have shown abnormalities involving 17p11-13 and/or 16q22 in both osseous and extraosseous aneurysmal cysts indicating its probable neoplastic nature. Our case had unique features like multiplicity and occurrence after resection of primary aneurysmal bone cyst of the underlying bone.

  6. Radial tunnel syndrome caused by ganglion cyst: treatment by arthroscopic cyst decompression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mileti, Joseph; Largacha, Mauricio; O'Driscoll, Shawn W

    2004-05-01

    Compressive neuropathies of the radial nerve at the elbow can lead to one of 2 clinical entities. Posterior interosseous syndrome is primarily a motor deficiency of the posterior interosseous nerve, and radial tunnel syndrome presents as pain along the radial tunnel and extensor muscle mass. The radial nerve can be compressed at a number of sites around the elbow. In addition, numerous mass lesions reported in the literature can cause compressive neuropathy of the radial nerve at the elbow. Standard surgical management for persistent radial tunnel syndrome that is refractory to nonsurgical treatment is open decompression of the radial nerve. Cysts occurring in other joints are commonly treated arthroscopically. Supraglenoid cysts of the shoulder, meniscal cysts in the knee, and dorsal wrist ganglia are routinely treated with arthroscopic decompression or excision with management of the underlying etiology of the cyst. We present a case of radial tunnel syndrome caused by a ganglion cyst of the proximal radioulnar joint that was treated using arthroscopic excision of the cyst and decompression of the radial nerve. PMID:15122155

  7. Development of a Method for Detection of Giardia duodenalis Cysts on Lettuce and for Simultaneous Analysis of Salad Products for the Presence of Giardia Cysts and Cryptosporidium Oocysts▿

    OpenAIRE

    Cook, N.; Nichols, R.A.B.; Wilkinson, N; Paton, C. A.; Barker, K; Smith, H.V.

    2007-01-01

    We report a method for detecting Giardia duodenalis cysts on lettuce, which we subsequently use to examine salad products for the presence of Giardia cysts and Cryptosporidium oocysts. The method is based on four basic steps: extraction of cysts from the foodstuffs, concentration of the extract and separation of the cysts from food materials, staining of the cysts to allow their visualization, and identification of cysts by microscopy. The concentration and separation steps are performed by c...

  8. Large inclusion cyst complicating female genital mutilation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdel Aziem AbdAllah Ali

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of an inclusion cyst, resulting from female genital mutilation (FGM, which enlarged to such a degree that it restricted the patient’s movement. This report aims to raise the awareness of the medical community to the dangers that arise from a common remote complication of FGM.

  9. Urachal adenocarcinoma masquerading as an urachal cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Pal, Dilip Kumar; Chowdhury, Manoj Kumar

    2008-01-01

    Urachal adenocarcinoma arising in the dome of the bladder or at the pre-existing urachal remnant is rare. An early case of urachal cyst harboring adenocarcinoma, clinically diagnosed as ovarian tumor, which was surgically removed with a good prognosis is reported.

  10. Computer tomography of ovarian dermoid cysts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Five patients with ovarian dermoid cysts (benign cystic teratomas) were examined by CT. The appearance of these tumours at CT as well as at conventional radiography is discussed. It is concluded that CT adds valuable information in the preoperative evaluation of cystic teratomas. (Auth.)

  11. The Superinfection of a Dermoid Cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Janelle Luk; Alexander Quaas; Elizabeth Garner

    2007-01-01

    Mature cystic teratoma may be complicated by torsion, rupture, and malignant change, but is rarely complicated by infection. Here we report the case of a patient who presented with a tubo-ovarian abscess following a dilation and curettage (D&C) procedure in the setting of an ovarian dermoid cyst.

  12. [Intraperitoneal perforation of hepatic hydatid cyst].

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Malki, Hadj Omar; El Mejdoubi, Yasser; Mohsine, Raouf; Ifrine, Lahcen; Belkouchi, Abdelkader

    2006-10-01

    The incidence of the rupture of hydatid cyst of the liver is about 15 to 40% of the cases. In 2 to 7% of the cases the cyst can perforate into the peritoneum. The occurrence of a sclerosing peritonitis secondary to the rupture of the hydatid cyst of the liver was described, to our knowledge, only once. We report the observation of a 43 year-old woman in whom the diagnostis of peritoneal rupture of a liver hydatid cyst was made after 3 months. The patient was treated by albendazole (10 mg/kg/d). Two months after the beginning of this treatment, the patient was operated. A sclerosing peritonitis was discovered. The parasitologic studies of the different specimens were negative. The surgical treatment consisted of a good washing with H2O2 of the fibrous hull of the sclerosing peritonitis and drainage without any dissection. The evolution was satisfactory with albendazole treatment for 14 months. Currently, she is in good health without recurrence and without any abnormalities with a 2 years follow-up. We think that albendazole in the treatment of the hydatid disease is very effective in condition to give a continuous treatment for a long time. The occurrence of a sclerosing peritonitis is fortunately an exceptional situation whose surgical management is very delicate. PMID:17075481

  13. Radiologic study of the traumatic bone cysts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fifty-two cases of traumatic cysts in 50 patients were analysed clinically and radiologically. The obtained results were as follows; 1. Women showed a slightly higher incidence than did men (56% of patients) and the average age proved to be 18.6 years. 2. The majority of the cases were asymptomatic, being detected incidentally, and over the half of the cases occurred in the mandibular symphyseal region. 3. All cases were unilocular and the largest diameter of the lesions varied from 1 to 10 cm, mean 3 cm. 4. Some degree of marginal condensation was present in 28 cases and 23 cases presented pencil-sketch appearance. 5. Many anatomical cortical plates (especially, mandibular inferior cortex and lamina dura) consisted of the margin of the lesions partly. 6. Erosive change of the mandibular inferior cortex was caused by 12 cysts, but cortical expansion only by 3 cysts including 2 cases of buccal expansion. 7. The lesion enveloped the roots of the adjacent teeth in 27 cases and scalloping was present between roots in 17 cases. 8. Lamina dura of the teeth was destroyed by only 1 cyst, and in 1 case resorption was noticed. But there was no divergence of the roots of teeth

  14. Choledochal cysts: our ten year experience.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Cianci, F

    2012-04-01

    We present our experience in the management of choledochal cysts from 1999 to 2009. A retrospective review of all charts with a diagnosis of choledochal cysts in our institution in this ten-year period. Data was collated using Excel. A total of 17 patients were diagnosed with choledochal cyst: 9 females and 8 males. The average age at diagnosis was 28 months (range from 0 to 9 years). The most common presenting symptoms were obstructive jaundice 6 (35%) and abdominal pain and vomiting 4 (23%). Ultrasound (US) was the initial diagnostic test in all cases with 4 patients requiring further investigations. All patients underwent Roux-en-Y Hepaticojejunostomy. The average length of stay was 11 days. Patients were followed up with Liver Function Tests (LFTS) and US 4-6 weeks post-operatively. Three patients developed complications including post-op collection, high drain output requiring blood transfusion and adhesive bowel obstruction. Our overall experience with choledochal cyst patients has been a positive one with effective management and low complication rates.

  15. Ganglion cyst of the posterior cruciate ligament

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmed, F.; Ibrahim, S A; Soliman, A.; Khirat, S

    2010-01-01

    A ganglion is a fluid cyst with a myxoid matrix that arises close to the tendons and joints. Its occurrence inside a joint is rare. Among the various pathological conditions producing impairment of the knee function, ganglia of the cruciate ligaments are quite rare.

  16. Intracortical epidermoid cyst of the tibia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Epidermoid cyst in a long bone is an extremely rare condition. The authors describe such a tumor located in the cortex of the tibia in a 21-year-old woman. She was successfully treated with curettage and autogenous bone grafting. (orig.)

  17. Computer tomography of ovarian dermoid cysts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cederlund, C.G.; Karlsson, S.; Nyman, U. (Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Malmoe Allmaenna Sjukhus, Malmoe, Sweden)

    1981-01-01

    Five patients with ovarian dermoid cysts (benign cystic teratomas) were examined by CT. The appearance of these tumours at CT as well as at conventional radiography is discussed. It is concluded that CT adds valuable information in the preoperative evaluation of cystic teratomas.

  18. Iris pigment epithelial cysts in a newborn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zargar, Shabnam

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: We report a case of iris pigment epithelial cysts in a newborn and discuss the importance of an accurate diagnosis for prevention of amblyopia.Methods: We describe a case of an abnormal red reflex seen on a newborn exam.Results: A full-term female born via normal spontaneous vaginal delivery without any complications was seen in the newborn nursery. She was noted to have an abnormal eye exam. Pupils were large with circular dark excrescences of the iris pigment epithelium. She was referred to a pediatric ophthalmologist where she was noted to fixate and follow faces. No afferent pupillary defect was seen. OD red reflex was normal whereas OS red reflex was blocked mostly by dark excrescences. A 2– dark brown lesion was seen in the OD iris and a 3–5 mm dark brown lesion was seen in the OS iris, consistent with a pupillary iris pigment epithelial cyst. Central visual axis was clear OU. Glaucoma was not present and patching was not performed. Observations and clinical photographs were recommended with follow-up in three months.Conclusion: Iris pigment epithelial cysts are uncommonly seen in children. The primary care provider first seeing a newborn must be aware of lesions obscuring a red reflex with appropriate follow-up. Follow-up in three months with IOP measurements is recommended. Iris pigment epithelial cysts in children may be a cause of amblyopia, thus prompt evaluation is important for prognostic purposes and the prevention of amblyopia.

  19. Large primary splenic cyst: A laparoscopic technique.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Geraghty, M

    2009-01-01

    Splenic cysts are rare lesions with around 800 cases reported in the world literature. Traditionally splenectomy was the treatment of choice. However, with the recognition of the important immunological function of the spleen, new techniques to preserve splenic function have been developed. This case emphasizes that in selected cases splenic preservation is appropriate.

  20. EFFECT OF HALOGENS ON 'GIARDIA' CYST VIABILITY

    Science.gov (United States)

    The objective of this research was to determine the effect of chlorine and other disinfecting agents on Giardia lamblia cyst viability. The agents studied included free residual chlorine and six different methods recommended for emergency disinfection of small quantities of water...

  1. Incidental pineal cysts in children who undergo 3-T MRI

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pineal cysts, both simple and complex, are commonly encountered in children. More cysts are being detected with MR technology; however, nearly all pineal cysts are benign and require no follow-up. To discover the prevalence of pineal cysts in children at our institution who have undergone high-resolution 3-T MRI. We retrospectively reviewed 100 consecutive 3-T brain MRIs in children ages 1 month to 17 years (mean 6.8 ± 5.1 years). We evaluated 3-D volumetric T1-W imaging, axial T2-W imaging, axial T2-W FLAIR (fluid attenuated inversion recovery) and coronal STIR (short tau inversion recovery) sequences. Pineal parenchymal and cyst volumes were measured in three planes. Cysts were analyzed for the presence and degree of complexity. Pineal cysts were present in 57% of children, with a mean maximum linear dimension of 4.2 mm (range 1.5-16 mm). Of these cysts, 24.6% showed thin septations or fluid levels reflecting complexity. None of the cysts demonstrated complete T2/FLAIR signal suppression. No cyst wall thickening or nodularity was present. There was no significant difference between the ages of children with and without cysts. Cysts were more commonly encountered in girls than boys (67% vs. 52%; P = 0.043). There was a slight trend toward increasing pineal gland volume with age. Pineal cysts are often present in children and can be incidentally detected by 3-T MRI. Characteristic-appearing pineal cysts in children are benign, incidental findings, for which follow-up is not required if there are no referable symptoms or excessive size. (orig.)

  2. [Sacral perineural cyst--report of a case].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kato, T; Takamura, H; Goto, S; Sasaki, H; Makino, K; Ozaki, N; Hodozuka, A

    1988-06-01

    The presence of cysts within the sacral spinal canal, so-called sacral cysts, is described in literature. These include 'sacral perineural cyst', 'sacral extradural cyst', 'occult intrasacral meningocele' and 'anterior sacral meningocele'. Sacral perineural cyst in these cystic disorders was first described as an incidental autopsy finding by Tarlov in 1938. Since then, several reports have been made describing the sign and symptom, neurological findings, roentgenographic diagnosis and cause and origin of the sacral perineural cysts, although many problems are not yet solved satisfactorily. This cyst occurs on the extradural components of sacral or coccygeal nerve roots. Although most are asymptomatic, these occasionally cause low back pain, sciatic and sacrococcygeal pain, sensory and motor disturbance in the lower extremities, and urinary dysfunction, which symptoms are similar to those brought on by lumbar disc herniation. In 1948, Tarlov reported a case of sciatic pain due to a perineural cyst, the removal of which relieved the symptoms. Symptoms occur because adjacent nerve roots are impinged upon by the thin-walled, fluid-filled cysts, which are formed in a space between the endoneurium and the perineurium. Microscopically, the cyst walls consist of peripheral nerve fibers or ganglionic cells covered with meningeal epithelium. Communication of the cyst with subarachnoid cerebrospinal fluid may be poor, but myelogram and CT myelogram demonstrate the cysts filling with contrast media. With the advent of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), imaging of the sacral perineural cysts has improved. Recently we had the opportunity to evaluate a patient in whom perineural cysts had caused considerable erosion of the sacrum.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:3221973

  3. Incidental pineal cysts in children who undergo 3-T MRI

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Whitehead, Matthew T. [University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Department of Radiology, Memphis, TN (United States); Le Bonheur Children' s Hospital, Le Bonheur Neuroscience Institute, Memphis, TN (United States); Le Bonheur Children' s Hospital, Department of Radiology, Memphis, TN (United States); Oh, Christopher C. [University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Department of Radiology, Memphis, TN (United States); Le Bonheur Children' s Hospital, Le Bonheur Neuroscience Institute, Memphis, TN (United States); Choudhri, Asim F. [University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Department of Radiology, Memphis, TN (United States); Le Bonheur Children' s Hospital, Le Bonheur Neuroscience Institute, Memphis, TN (United States); University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Department of Neurosurgery, Memphis, TN (United States)

    2013-12-15

    Pineal cysts, both simple and complex, are commonly encountered in children. More cysts are being detected with MR technology; however, nearly all pineal cysts are benign and require no follow-up. To discover the prevalence of pineal cysts in children at our institution who have undergone high-resolution 3-T MRI. We retrospectively reviewed 100 consecutive 3-T brain MRIs in children ages 1 month to 17 years (mean 6.8 {+-} 5.1 years). We evaluated 3-D volumetric T1-W imaging, axial T2-W imaging, axial T2-W FLAIR (fluid attenuated inversion recovery) and coronal STIR (short tau inversion recovery) sequences. Pineal parenchymal and cyst volumes were measured in three planes. Cysts were analyzed for the presence and degree of complexity. Pineal cysts were present in 57% of children, with a mean maximum linear dimension of 4.2 mm (range 1.5-16 mm). Of these cysts, 24.6% showed thin septations or fluid levels reflecting complexity. None of the cysts demonstrated complete T2/FLAIR signal suppression. No cyst wall thickening or nodularity was present. There was no significant difference between the ages of children with and without cysts. Cysts were more commonly encountered in girls than boys (67% vs. 52%; P = 0.043). There was a slight trend toward increasing pineal gland volume with age. Pineal cysts are often present in children and can be incidentally detected by 3-T MRI. Characteristic-appearing pineal cysts in children are benign, incidental findings, for which follow-up is not required if there are no referable symptoms or excessive size. (orig.)

  4. Breast Cancer Treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of Breast & Gynecologic Cancers Breast Cancer Screening Research Breast Cancer Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version General Information About Breast Cancer Go to Health Professional Version Key Points Breast ...

  5. Stages of Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of Breast & Gynecologic Cancers Breast Cancer Screening Research Breast Cancer Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version General Information About Breast Cancer Go to Health Professional Version Key Points Breast ...

  6. Breast Cancer Screening

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of Breast & Gynecologic Cancers Breast Cancer Screening Research Breast Cancer Screening (PDQ®)–Patient Version What is screening? Screening ... cancer screening: Cancer Screening Overview General Information About Breast Cancer Key Points Breast cancer is a disease in ...

  7. Pulmonary Hydatid cyst: analysis of 1024 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bagheri R

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available "n Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Background: Pulmonary hydatic cyst is a common parasitic disease and health care problem in developing countries. In our study we assessed treatment outcomes of pulmonary hydatic cyst in our area."n"n Methods: All patients presenting to Ghaem, Omid and Mehr hospitals of Mashhad- Iran since 1981 to 2008 with pulmonary hydatic cyst were enrolled in this study and demographic data, location and number of cysts, diagnostic methods, type of operations, out comes and rate of recurrence were statistically analyzed."n"n Results: One thousand and twenty for patients enrolled in this study. The mean age was 30.6±16.1 years and male to female ratio was 1.2. The most common symptoms were cough (55.1% and chest pain (33.8%. 53.8% of the patients had right side involvement, 40% had left side involvement and 6.2% had bilateral disease. Inferior lobe was the most common involved lobe. The cyst was intact in 52.6% and the other cases were complicated or perforated. The most common surgical technique was removing the cyst membrane without resection of pericyst and closure of air leaks (67.2%. The cyst was enucleated in 21.2% and parenchymal resection was performed in 10.3%. The mortality rate was 0.2% and morbidity occurred in 8.4% of

  8. Intraosseous Epidermoid Cyst Associated with Impacted Mandibular Wisdom Teeth: An Uncommon Entity

    OpenAIRE

    Toptas, Orcun; Akkas, Ismail; TEK, Mustafa; Ozan, Fatih; Boran, Cetin

    2014-01-01

    Epidermoid and dermoid cysts of the jaws are seen rarely. The formation theories of the intraosseous epidermoid cyst (IEC) are not clear. The radiographic appearance is similar with unilocular cysts. Surgical enucleation is the suggested treatment method for epidermoid cysts. This case report presents bilateral mandibular intraosseous epidermoid cysts with impacted wisdom teeth which is the first documented case in the literature.

  9. Lumbar intraspinal juxtafacet cysts: MR imaging and CT-arthrography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To present data on the MR imaging appearance of lumbar intraspinal juxtafacet cysts (JFC) and to assess the importance of additional CT arthrography. Material and Methods: Twenty-eight patients (16 women, 12 men) with a mean age of 64 years (range: 43-82), who underwent MR imaging because of radicular pain or spinal claudication, were found to have an intraspinal cyst associated with the facet joint. In 14 patients, additional CT-arthrography was performed to determine whether a communication exists between the cyst and the facet joint and to try to rupture the cyst. Results: In T2-weighted images, juxtafacet cysts show a typical pattern consisting of a hyperintense center and hypointense rim. The center is likely to be inhomogeneous because of recurrent hemorrhage in the cyst. In T1-weighted images, the cysts are hypo/isointense. Irregular hyperintensity may indicate subacute hemorrhage, which may aggravate the clinical symptoms. MR allows superior visualization of the cyst in all anatomical planes. It also enables assessment of typical accompanying changes, such as degenerative spondylolisthesis and facet hypertrophy. All patients, who had CT-arthrography, were found to have a direct communication between joint space and cyst. Transarticular rupture of the cyst was possible in five patients. Two of these five patients had good to excellent improvement, and the remaining three patients underwent surgery. (orig.)

  10. Current Therapies for Pulmonary Hydatid Cyst and its Complications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Kılıçgün

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Aim: In this study, we aimed to investigate the first presenting complaints and operative results of patients who were operated for lung hydatid cyst and to determine the rate of co-existing liver hydatid cysts. Methods: Seventy patients who had been operated for lung hydatid cyst between 2004 and 2008 were included in the study. Clinical, radiological and surgical data of these patients were evaluated retrospectively. Results: The cyst(s were perforated in 30 patients and were intact in 40 patients. They were right-sided in 35 patients, left-sided in 29, and bilateral lung cysts in three patients. Of the patients, 49 (70% had undergone cystotomy and capitonage, seven patients-cystotomy, and two patients had undergone wedge resection. Of the perforated cysts, 23% presented with clinical and radiological findings of pneumothorax. Complications were observed in nine patients and the most common complication was atelectasis. Conclusion: Parenchyma-sparing surgery is a safe and effective treatment modality for lung hydatid cysts. Accompanying liver dome cysts can be intervened at the same session. The rate of cases with perforated cysts presenting to emergency clinics with findings of pneumothorax should not be overlooked. (The Me di cal Bul le tin of Ha se ki 2011; 49: 105-9

  11. Implantation epithelial iris cyst following the perforating corneal injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovanović Miloš

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this case report was to present the development of implantation cyst following the perforating corneal injury, the problems related to the treatment, including total surgical excision of the cyst, the secondary cataract extraction, iridoplasty and the artificial intraocular lens reposition. A patient first presented with perforating corneal injury inflicted by a piece of wood, with the iris prolapse. Primary wound management, reposition of prolapsed iris and corneal sutures were performed four days after the injury. Eight months later, the patient was rehospitalized due to an implantation iris cyst and traumatic cataract. The cyst was excised, the extracapsular cataract extraction was done and the anterior chamber lens was implanted. Postoperative visual acuity was normal. Three years later, the patient presented for a follow-up examination, with the cyst filled up again, occupying two thirds of the anterior chamber. This time, the cyst was completely excised, all fibrous remnants of the secondary cataract were removed, and the iridoplasty was necessary due to large iris coloboma. Reposition of the anterior chamber lens was carried out. Histological examination revealed an implantation iris cyst covered by multilayered squamous epithelium. Normal visual acuity was achieved. The patient has been followed-up for six months uneventfully. Management of perforating corneal wound with iris prolapse may lead to development of an implantation iris cyst. Puncture of the cyst as well as incomplete excision will not solve the problem. Complete surgical removal of the iris cyst is the treatment of choice.

  12. The comparative study of Yaz and Ovocept-ld on patients with simple ovarian cysts referring to Iran-Isfahan Shariati Hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soheyla Riahinejad

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Functional ovarian cysts include follicular, corpus luteum, and theca lutein cysts are the most common adnexal masses (about 50% in women of reproductive age. Treatment with the combined monophasic oral contraceptives reduces functional ovarian cysts. Yaz (drospirenone/ethinyl estradiol is a low-dose combined oral contraceptive pill containing 20 μg ethinyl estradiol and 3 mg drospirenone. In addition to contraceptive effects, Yaz has anti-mineralocorticoid and anti-adrenergic effects. Ovocept- low-dose LD is also a low-dose combined oral contraceptive drug containing 30 μg ethinyl estradiol and 3 mg norgestrol. Ovocept-LD has some side-effects such as weight gain, spotting, breast tenderness, nausea, and headache. Materials and Methods: Being a clinical study, the present research was carried out on 42 patients with the simple ovarian cysts from 2010 to 2012. 84 Patients were assigned to A and B groups. Group A received Yaz once a day for a period of 28 days and group B received Ovocept-LD once a day for a period of 21 days. After treating by Yaz and Ovocept-LD, Cysts were evaluated by ultrasound. Results were analyzed by the SPSS software. A P < 0.05 was considered the significance threshold. Results : Obtained results indicated that both Yaz and Ovocept-LD had an effect on the simple ovarian cysts. Statistical tests, however, has shown that the effect of Yaz has been significantly more than that of Ovocept-LD. Conclusion: Given the faster and better recovery effect, and the lesser side effects of Yaz as compared to Ovocept-LD, it is recommended to use Yaz for the simple ovarian cysts.

  13. The Toxoplasma gondii cyst wall protein CST1 is critical for cyst wall integrity and promotes bradyzoite persistence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tomita, Tadakimi; Bzik, David J.; Ma, Yan Fen; Fox, Barbara A.; Markillie, Lye Meng; Taylor, Ronald C.; Kim, Kami; Weiss, Louis M.

    2013-12-26

    Toxoplasma gondii infects up to one third of the world’s population. A key to the success of T.gondii is its ability to persist for the life of its host as bradyzoites within tissue cysts. The glycosylated cyst wall is the key structural feature that facilitates persistence and oral transmission of this parasite. We have identified CST1 (TGME49_064660) as a 250 kDa SRS (SAG1 related sequence) domain protein with a large mucin-like domain. CST1 is responsible for the Dolichos biflorus Agglutinin (DBA) lectin binding characteristic of T. gondii cysts. Deletion of CST1 results in a fragile brain cyst phenotype revealed by a thinning and disruption of the underlying region of the cyst wall. These defects are reversed by complementation of CST1. Additional complementation experiments demonstrate that the CST1-mucin domain is necessary for the formation of a normal cyst wall structure, the ability of the cyst to resist mechanical stress and binding of DBA to the cyst wall. RNA-seq transcriptome analysis demonstrated dysregulation of bradyzoite genes within the various cst1 mutants. These results indicate that CST1 functions as a key structural component that reinforces the cyst wall structure and confers essential sturdiness to the T. gondii tissue cyst.

  14. Role of Ultrasound in Breast Diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esmaeel Shokrollahi

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available For appropriately selected patients, diagnostic breast ultrasonography (US can improve the specificity of clinically and mammographically detected abnormalities. Its most readily accepted use has been in distinguishing a simple cyst from a solid lesion. When all criteria for a simple cyst are strictly adhered, the accuracy of US is 96%-100%. However, cysts constitute only 25% of all palpable or mammographically detected lesions. "nThis leaves a tremendous number of lesions that fall into the indeterminate or solid nodule category. In general, these lesions require aspiration or biopsy, with use of excisional or large core techniques. Al-though well tolerated, these procedures do have some risk, induce patient discomfort and anxiety. "nThe positive biopsy rate for cancer is low, between 10% and 31%. This means that 70%-90% of breast biopsies are performed in women with benign disease (a negative-to-positive biopsy ratio of between 9:1 and 2.3:1. Both mammography and sonography methods have been used in attempt to reduce the negative-to-positive biopsy ratio."nMammography surveillance rather than surgical excision is an acceptable method for follow-up of "probably benign" mammographic lesions. As not all benign lesions can confidently be placed in this category, some investigators have evaluated the characteristics of individual sonographic, spectral Doppler, and color Doppler imaging for distinguishing benign from malignant solid nodules."nSince the initial sonographic studies were performed and published, the imaging capabilities of equipments have markedly improved which has elegantly increased the diagnostic and therapeutic role of gray scale and Doppler ultrasound."nSome newer techniques lsuch as elastography have been introduced, which according to some studies, can even reach the accuracy of gray scale ultrasound in differentiating benign from malignant breast lesions.

  15. A case report on nasolabial cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunder Goyal

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The nasolabial cyst (NLC is an uncommon clinical entity and is generally unilateral. It is benign in nature and is embryonic in origin and only one case with malignancy has been reported. It is located in the nasolabial folds. Most of time it is an asymptomatic deformity of face and rarely can result in nasal obstruction if it is bilateral. Its diagnosis is clinical and treatment is surgical excision. A 16 years brown female patient presented with bulging in left nasolabial region. She was treated with surgery...........................................................Cite this article as:Goyal S, Sharma J, Sharma N. A case report on nasolabial cyst. Int J Cancer Ther Oncol 2014; 2(3:020311. DOI: 10.14319/ijcto.0203.11

  16. Ameloblastomatous Calcifying Odontogenic Cyst: A Rare Lesion

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    Shojaei

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC is a unique and uncommon odontogenic cyst classified into four groups of cystic, odontoma producing, ameloblastomatous proliferating and neoplastic ones. Case Presentation A 34-year-old Iranian man complaining of a painless facial and palatal swelling of the left side of the maxilla persisted for approximately three years was referred to the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery, Hamadan University, Iran. Panoramic film revealed a well-defined multilocular mixed radiolucent and radioopaque lesion of the maxilla at the left side. An incisional biopsy was obtained. Based on the histopathologic findings, ameloblastomatous COC was diagnosed. Discussion We reported a rare case of COC. According to Praetorius et al. classification, this patient comes under the category of type 1C (ameloblastomatous proliferating. Many patients with ameloblastomatous COC should be reported to understand its biological behavior as possible.

  17. Glandular odontogenic cyst mimicking central mucoepidermoid carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prabhu Sudeendra

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Glandular odontogenic cyst (GOC is a rare developmental cyst of the jaws. The most common site of occurrence is the anterior mandible, and it is most commonly seen in middle-aged people. It is a destructive lesion with a high rate of recurrence. A predilection for men is observed. Clinical and radiographic findings are not specific, and it can mimic as any other destructive lesion of the jaw. The histopathological features of GOC and those of low-grade central mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC are similar. Often, they are misdiagnosed as MEC. We present a case of GOC in the posterior maxilla, which is a rare site. The similarities and differences between GOC and central MEC are also discussed.

  18. Glandular odontogenic cyst: A case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Glandular odontogenic cysts (GOCs) are rare intrabony solitary or multiloculated cysts of odontogenic origin. The importance of GOCs lies in the fact that they exhibit a propensity for recurrence similar to keratocystic odontogenic tumors and that they may be confused microscopically with central mucoepidermoid carcinoma. Thus, the oral and maxillofacial radiologists play an important role in definitive diagnosis of GOC based on distinctive cases; though they are rare. In large part, this is due to the GOC's complex and frequently non-specific histopathology. This report describes a case of GOC occurrence in the posterior mandibular ramus region in a 17-year-old female, which is a rare combination of site, age, and gender for occurrence.

  19. Composition and morphology of epidermal cyst lipids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wertz, P W; Swartzendruber, D C; Madison, K C; Downing, D T

    1987-10-01

    The contents of epidermal cysts were used as a source of desquamated human keratinocytes uncontaminated by sebaceous, subcutaneous, or bacterial lipids. Lipids extracted with chloroform:methanol mixtures included six series of ceramides (41% of the total extractable lipid), cholesterol (27%), cholesteryl esters (10%), fatty acids (9%), cholesteryl sulfate (1.9%), a novel class of ceramide esters (3.8%), and a sterol diester (0.9%). Electron microscopy revealed that the lipids in the cyst contents existed as multiple intercellular lamellae, as in stratum corneum. One lamella, adjacent to the horny cell protein envelope, was resistant to lipid extraction and is thought to represent covalently bound lipid on the outer surface of the keratinocyte. The results indicate that the degradation of intercellular lipid lamellae is not required for desquamation. PMID:3668284

  20. Glandular odontogenic cyst: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tambawaia, Shahnaz S.; Karjodkar, Freny R.; Yadav, Archana; Sansare, Kaustubh; Sontakke, Subodh [Nair Hospital Dental College, Mumbai (India)

    2014-03-15

    Glandular odontogenic cysts (GOCs) are rare intrabony solitary or multiloculated cysts of odontogenic origin. The importance of GOCs lies in the fact that they exhibit a propensity for recurrence similar to keratocystic odontogenic tumors and that they may be confused microscopically with central mucoepidermoid carcinoma. Thus, the oral and maxillofacial radiologists play an important role in definitive diagnosis of GOC based on distinctive cases; though they are rare. In large part, this is due to the GOC's complex and frequently non-specific histopathology. This report describes a case of GOC occurrence in the posterior mandibular ramus region in a 17-year-old female, which is a rare combination of site, age, and gender for occurrence.

  1. Multilocular disseminated tarlov cysts: importance of imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padma, Subramanyam; Sundaram, P Shanmuga

    2014-01-01

    With technological advancements and wider availability of multimodality imaging, incidental lesions are frequently identified in patients undergoing various imaging studies. We report here a case of multiloculated disseminated perineural or Tarlov cysts (TCs). The primary aim of our study was to (1) provide a comprehensive review of the clinical, imaging and histopathological features of TCs (2) to draw attention to the fact that multiple lumbo-sacral and dorsal TCs can produce nerve injuries and serious movement disturbances (3) to document the usefulness of the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and bone scan in noninvasive diagnosis and guiding management in such cases. These cysts are clearly identified by MR and computerized tomography imaging of the lumbosacral spine. However, there are no reports on the scintigraphic findings of TCs in literature. TCs are typically benign, asymptomatic lesions that can simply be monitored. Until date, no consensus exists about the best surgical strategy to be followed for their management. PMID:25191117

  2. Trichilemmal Cyst of the Penis in a Paediatric Patient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Madan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Paediatric penile cysts are uncommon. We report a five-year-old child with an asymptomatic progressively growing cyst on the ventral aspect of the penis after a hypospadias repair. The patient presented to the Cooper Health Clinic, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, in March 2012. A complete excision of the cyst was performed. Histology results delineated a capsulated benign trichilemmal cyst. No recurrence or complications were reported in the 26 months following the excision. We recommend an early and complete excision of all penile cysts to prevent the risk of urethral obstruction, infection, inflammation and rare malignant changes. This is the first reported case of a penile trichilemmal cyst in a child.

  3. Unusual long-term complications of a splenic cyst.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Ward, E V M

    2010-01-01

    Splenic cysts are relatively uncommon, and are usually asymptomatic. They are benign, typically treated conservatively and followed up with ultrasound examination, with few reported complications. We report a case of a simple splenic cyst that was followed up on imaging over a seven-year period. During that time, the cyst gradually enlarged from 5 cm to 12 cm in diameter, however the patient remained asymptomatic. After seven years, the patient was admitted with abdominal pain and a pelvic mass. The spleen was located within the pelvis, which was felt to be due to the weight of the cyst which caused the spleen to migrate out of its normal position. This case illustrates an extremely unusual complication, and suggests that while most splenic cysts may be managed conservatively, enlarging cysts may be prone to gravitational effects and prophylactic treatment should be considered.

  4. Unusual long-term complications of a splenic cyst.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Ward, E V M

    2012-02-01

    Splenic cysts are relatively uncommon, and are usually asymptomatic. They are benign, typically treated conservatively and followed up with ultrasound examination, with few reported complications. We report a case of a simple splenic cyst that was followed up on imaging over a seven-year period. During that time, the cyst gradually enlarged from 5 cm to 12 cm in diameter, however the patient remained asymptomatic. After seven years, the patient was admitted with abdominal pain and a pelvic mass. The spleen was located within the pelvis, which was felt to be due to the weight of the cyst which caused the spleen to migrate out of its normal position. This case illustrates an extremely unusual complication, and suggests that while most splenic cysts may be managed conservatively, enlarging cysts may be prone to gravitational effects and prophylactic treatment should be considered.

  5. Ganglion cysts of the wrist: pathophysiology, clinical picture, and management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gude, Warren; Morelli, Vincent

    2008-12-01

    This article reviews what is known about ganglion cyst formation, natural history (50% of cysts will spontaneously resolve), diagnosis, and management of this common malady. Although the exact mechanism of cyst formation is unknown, most current theories hold that extra-articular mucin "droplets" coalesce to form the main body of the tumor. Only subsequently are the "cyst wall" and pedicle (connecting the cyst to a nearby synovial joint) formed. Treatment options include watchful waiting, nonoperative aspiration/injection, and surgical removal. Although treatment is often unnecessary, many patients seeking consultation desire some form of definitive treatment. Cyst aspiration/injection is fraught with a high incidence of recurrence. Surgery generally results in lower rates of recurrence, but a higher incidence of complications. All current treatment options are suboptimal. PMID:19468907

  6. Sublingual thyroglossal duct cyst (SLTGDC: An unusual location

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sailesh Mukul

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Thyroglossal duct cyst is the most common cause of midline congenital swelling in the neck. Classically, it presents as an asymptomatic midline swelling below the hyoid bone that moves with deglutination and protrusion of the tongue. Sometimes thyroglossal duct cyst presents atypical posing a diagnostic challenge. A sublingual location of thyroglossal duct cyst is rare, and differs quite remarkably in presentation from the classical thyroglossal duct cyst. We describe here the case of a young boy who presented with episodes of postural dyspnea due to elevation of the tongue which was secondary to huge sublingual swelling. Surgical decompression of the lesion was planned on an emergency basis with feasible preoperative workup. The aim of this case report is to highlight the unique presentation and a varied approach in the management of an unusually located sublingual thyroglossal duct cyst. Sublingual/intralingual thyroglossal duct cyst needs to be analyzed in a larger study population for establishing definitive management protocols.

  7. Role of emerging molecular markers in pancreatic cyst fluid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Haddad, Mohammad

    2015-01-01

    Cystic lesions of the pancreas (CLPs) are increasingly diagnosed due to the growing utilization of cross-sectional imaging modalities. The differentiation between true cysts (epithelial tumors) and nonepithelial lesions (such as pseudocysts) relies on clinical and imaging characteristics, but more reliably obtained by endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) fine-needle aspiration. Due to their malignant potential, some of the true pancreatic cysts require further assessment and periodic follow-up. Therefore, it is important to establish a solid diagnosis at the time of detection of the various types of pancreatic cysts. Due to the limitations of cytology and biochemical markers in accurately classifying cyst pathology, the search for specific molecular markers associated with each type of cyst is ongoing. In this chapter, we will review some of the emerging molecular markers in pancreatic cystic fluid and their potential impact on endosonography and pancreatic cyst management. PMID:26643693

  8. Multicentric calcified trichilemmal cysts with alopecia universalis affecting siblings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haneef N Sadath

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Trichilemmal cyst, also known as "pilar cyst," is a benign cyst containing keratin and its breakdown products with a wall resembling external root sheath of hair. It occurs mostly in females as a solitary firm nodule over scalp. Occurrence of multiple trichilemmal cysts in areas other than scalp is extremely rare. We are reporting a case of a 40-years-old female who presented with multiple calcified trichilemmal cysts in multicentric distribution associated with alopecia universalis. Similar complaints were present in elder sister of the patient, indicating a genetic background. Multicentric distribution of trichilemmal cysts, calcification, familial occurrence, and association with alopecia universalis seen in our case are all rare and intriguing features.

  9. A study of the traumatic bone cyst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Traumatic bone cyst is a pathologic cavity that is not lined with epithelium. It is, therefore, not a true cyst. It may be a normal variant rather than a disease process. The etiology of the condition is unknown. This condition is occurred widely ranging ages(2 to 75 years), however, most are found during the second decade of life. Radiographically, this condition is radiolucent lesion with well-defined outline, scalloping of superior margins. Cyst enucleation and curettage is the treatment of choice. The authors compared and analyzed the clinicoradiologic features of the five cases of traumatic bone cyst, diagnosed at the Dental college hospital in Chosun University, Kwangju, Korea. The five cases were shown the followed results; 1. 3 cases occurred in second decade of life and no significant sex differences (M:F, 2:3) All cases occurred in mandible. 2. Two patients complained symptoms, but three cases had no symptom with encountering during routine examination. 3. In 3 of 5 cases, teeth vitality existed except one tooth and no checking of teeth vitality in two cases. 4. All cases didn't have any accurate trauma history, but one case was in orthodontic treatment, another case was postextraction site area. 5. Radiologically, 'scalloping appearance' were evident in all cases; in 3 cases, multilocular tendency and only one case seen intact mandibular canal image. 6. Histologically, all section showed bone trabeculae with ballistic activity, 2 cases showed no epithelial lining, and other 2 cases were seen inflammatory cell infiltration in edematous tissue. 7. Surgical intervention (curettage) was that treatment of choice.

  10. A RARE PRESENTATION OF HYDATID CYST

    OpenAIRE

    Sukhamoy; Asok Kr; De, Goutam

    2014-01-01

    : Hydatid cyst caused by the larval stage of the parasite Echinococcus is manifested by slowly growing cystic mass. E. Granulosus accounts for the majority of the cases whilst E. Multilocularis and E. Vogeli are rare. Human happen to be accidental or incidental intermediate host and, as far as the parasite is concerned, a dead end. Liver is the most common organ involved and, together with the lung accounts for 90% of cases. The 10% cases that do not involve the liver and ...

  11. Needlescopic decapsulation of a splenic epithelial cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Seshadri, Pieter A.; Poulin, Eric C.; Mamazza, Joseph; Schlachta, Christopher M.

    2000-01-01

    As technology advances, the techniques of laparoscopic surgery are being refined and their aplication is expanding to include many disease processes and organs. The new-generation laparoscopic instruments are becoming smaller (less than 5 mm). Expected advantages include improvements in cosmesis and patient satisfaction, and decreased postoperative analgesic requirements. Non-neoplastic cysts of the spleen are rare, and their management has evolved from total open splenectomy to laparoscopic ...

  12. Huge cervico-thoracic thymic cyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sameh, Ibrahim Sersar; Ismaeil, Mohammed Fouad; Nasser, Mohammed Abdelhameed Fouda; Awadalla, Mohammed Mounir el-Saeid

    2003-09-01

    We present a case of a 6 year-old boy who presented with a huge mass in the right side of the neck and changes its size with respiration and with straining. Computed tomography of the chest and neck showed a huge mass that was thought to be cystic hygroma. It was excised by both median sternotomy and a right cervical incision. Pathology revealed a thymic cyst. PMID:17670062

  13. Ultrasound of Primary Aneurysmal Bone Cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katrina N. Glazebrook

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aneurysmal bone cysts (ABC are rare, benign, expansile lesions of bone often found in the metaphyses of long bones in pediatric and young adult population. Multiple fluid levels are typically seen on imaging with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI or computed tomography (CT. We describe a case of a primary ABC in the fibula of a 34-year-old man diagnosed on ultrasound with a mobile fluid level demonstrated sonographically.

  14. Subcutaneous phaeomycotic cyst: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Archana Shivamurthy

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Phaeohyphomycosis refers to infection of tissues by dematiaceous fungi which occur most commonly due to traumatic inoculation of fungi. A host reaction to these fungi can ultimately lead to the formation of a cystic cavity or abscess. Here we present a 71 year old woman who presented with a nodular swelling over the left elbow. A surgical excision was performed. On histopathological examination she was found to have a subcutaneous phaeomycotic cyst..

  15. Congenital cysts neuroblastoma: a new case

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The neuroblastoma is a common childhood lesion, representing 50% of the tumors detected during the neonatal period: 40% of them are located in adrenal gland. Although hemorrhage and necrosis are frequently associated with neuroblastomas, cysts variants are rare. In our discussion of this case, we consider the present importance of prenatal ultrasound, the differential diagnosis with regard to other adrenal cystic lesions and whether a conservative or surgical approach should be employed. (Author) 9 refs

  16. A Young Man with Multiple Pulmonary Cysts

    OpenAIRE

    W H, Ibrahim; A, Al-Muzrkchi; M, Al-Maslamani

    2008-01-01

    Several diseases cause cystic or cyst-like parenchymal lung abnormalities including adult pulmonary Langerhan’s cell histiocytosis (PLCH), lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM), emphysema, end-stage interstitial lung disease, and cystic bronchiectasis. Many of these diseases can now be diagnosed with high accuracy by the use of high-resolution computerized tomography (HRCT). In fact, HRCT of chest has proved a major breakthrough in the diagnosis of these diseases. We are presenting a young man with ...

  17. Management of Patients With Pancreatic Cysts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siddiqui, Ali; Loren, David; Mertz, Howard R.; Mallat, Damien; Haddad, Nadim; Malhotra, Nidhi; Sadowski, Brett; Lybik, Mark J.; Patel, Sandeep N.; Okoh, Emuejevoke; Rosenkranz, Laura; Karasik, Michael; Golioto, Michael; Linder, Jeffrey; Catalano, Marc F.; Al-Haddad, Mohammad A.

    2016-01-01

    Goals: To examine the utility of integrated molecular pathology (IMP) in managing surveillance of pancreatic cysts based on outcomes and analysis of false negatives (FNs) from a previously published cohort (n=492). Background: In endoscopic ultrasound with fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) of cyst fluid lacking malignant cytology, IMP demonstrated better risk stratification for malignancy at approximately 3 years’ follow-up than International Consensus Guideline (Fukuoka) 2012 management recommendations in such cases. Study: Patient outcomes and clinical features of Fukuoka and IMP FN cases were reviewed. Practical guidance for appropriate surveillance intervals and surgery decisions using IMP were derived from follow-up data, considering EUS-FNA sampling limitations and high-risk clinical circumstances observed. Surveillance intervals for patients based on IMP predictive value were compared with those of Fukuoka. Results: Outcomes at follow-up for IMP low-risk diagnoses supported surveillance every 2 to 3 years, independent of cyst size, when EUS-FNA sampling limitations or high-risk clinical circumstances were absent. In 10 of 11 patients with FN IMP diagnoses (2% of cohort), EUS-FNA sampling limitations existed; Fukuoka identified high risk in 9 of 11 cases. In 4 of 6 FN cases by Fukuoka (1% of cohort), IMP identified high risk. Overall, 55% of cases had possible sampling limitations and 37% had high-risk clinical circumstances. Outcomes support more cautious management in such cases when using IMP. Conclusions: Adjunct use of IMP can provide evidence for relaxed surveillance of patients with benign cysts that meet Fukuoka criteria for closer observation or surgery. Although infrequent, FN results with IMP can be associated with EUS-FNA sampling limitations or high-risk clinical circumstances. PMID:27332745

  18. A CASE OF TAILGUT CYST IN INFANCY

    OpenAIRE

    ÖZEL, Ş. Kerem; TUĞTEPE, Halil

    2001-01-01

    Tailgut cysts are congenital lesions located in retrorectal area and originate from embryological tailgut. The diagnosis is made generally in adulthood but when there is macroscopic lesion that can be observed with inspection, it can be detected in newborn or early childhood period. Herein we want to present a case of 36 days old baby girl who admitted to the hospital with only general discomfort and continuous crying. Her diagnosis was made with meticulous physical examination especially aft...

  19. [Giant cholesterol cysts of the petrous apex].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pellet, W; Valenzuela, S; Malca, S; Cannoni, M; Perez-Castillo, A M

    1992-01-01

    In connection with their two own cases, the authors deal about the giant cholesterol cysts of the petrous apex. The lesions which are to be differentiated from epidermoid cysts are cholesterol granulomas. Their petrous apex location explains their characteristic large appearance. As each cholesterol granuloma, they occur when a bony cell is obstructed. This chronic obstruction induces mucosal edema then bleedings which lead to the formation and, by the lack of drainage, to the accumulation of cholesterol crystals. These crystals initiate a non specific reaction to foreign bodies, a granuloma, which also can bleed. Thus, a continuous cycle perpetuates the growth of the lesion. This lesion, when it is localized in the petrous apex, can reach a big size before the appearance of some signs. Usually, these are otologic (sensorineural hearing loss, tinnitus, vertigo) and/or cranial nerve palsies (V, VI, VII). C.T. scan (well defined, sharply marginated bony expansible lesion with isodense to the brain central part) and M.R.I. (central region of increased intensity on both T1 and T2 weighted images and peripheral rim of markedly decreased signal intensity in all instances) features are characteristic enough to allow diagnose with other petrous apex lesions (cholesteatoma, mucocele, epithelial cyst, histiocytosis X, ...). Surgical treatment must try to evacuate and to aerate the cavity or perhaps to obliterate it with fatty pieces in order to prevent the recurrence. PMID:1299772

  20. Color Doppler Ultrasound Indices in Endometriotic Cysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parisa Hajialioghlo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: There have been considerable interests on using non-invasive techniques to detect endometriosis. A few studies were evaluated the Doppler ultrasound findings of endometriosis. This study aimed to characterize the grayscale and Doppler ultrasound findings of endometriosis. Approach: During present prospective study, gray scale and Doppler ultrasound findings of 37 women with final diagnosis of endometriosis were evaluated. Patients with probable diagnosis of endometriosis underwent conventional transvaginal and color Doppler assessment. After laparascopic confirmation of endometriosis, gray scale and color Doppler ultrasonographic data of patients considered for analysis. Results: Finally data of 37 subjects' data with suspected endometriosis was analyzed. Twenty nine of lesions were endometriosis, five hydrosalpinx, four paraovarian adhesion cysts and one peritoneal inclusion cyst according to laparoscopic exploration. Out of 29 endometriotic cysts, flow was detected in 58.62%. The mean of RI and PI were 0.67±0.15 (0.46-1.00 and 1.49±0.85 (0.66-3.11, respectively. Conclusion: In our experience, transvaginal sonography with color Doppler interrogation is a useful technique in the diagnosis of pathologic ovarian conditions, including cystic endometriosis.

  1. Endodermal cyst in pineal region: Rare location

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Gonzalez, Miguel Angel; Dolan, Eugen

    2016-01-01

    Background: Pineal tumors are very uncommon intracranial lesions, and endodermal cysts in this location are extremely rare. Case Description: A 49-year-old right-handed female presented with 3 weeks history of progressive dizziness and imbalance. Imaging studies showed 1.8 cm × 1.7 cm × 1.8 cm pineal lesion with small enhancing mural component displacing ventrally the quadrigeminal plate and narrowing of aqueduct of Sylvius without hydrocephalus. In addition, she was found with small interhemispheric lipoma, and small posterior falx possible meningioma. Cerebrospinal fluid markers obtained by lumbar puncture were all negative. She underwent tumor resection, and final pathology reported endodermal cyst. No new deficits were encountered, and her gait imbalance improved significantly by 3 months follow-up. Conclusions: With evidence of enlargement or symptomatic pineal lesions, surgical consideration is necessary. Among pineal lesions, endodermal cysts are extremely uncommon and although benign pathology, long-term follow-up is advised due to unknown chronic behavior. PMID:27217965

  2. Cistos aracnóideos Arachnoidal cysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Assis

    1970-06-01

    Full Text Available São relatados 3 casos de cistos aracnóideos em crianças, situando-se um deles na fossa posterior e os outros dois acima do tentório. Nos 3 pacientes havia sinais de hipertensão intracraniana de evolução crônica, não sendo observado, contudo, abaulamento diretamente relacionado com a localização do cisto. Em dois casos a etiologia do processo era provavelmente inflamatória e, congênita, em um. O tratamento cirúrgico foi empregado nos 3 casos, havendo resultado satisfatório em dois; o paciente com cisto localizado na fossa posterior faleceu quinze dias após a operação.Three cases of arachnoidal cysts in children are reported; one of them in the posterior fossa and the others located above the tentorium. In all of them chronic intracranial hypertension was present. However, there was no visible bulging of skull related to the cyst localization. In two cases the etiology of the cyst was probably inflammatory and congenital in one. Surgery was the treatment of choice; there was a good result in two cases and one patient deceased.

  3. Epidermoid cyst of the testis: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Docal, I.; Crespo, C.; Pardo, A.; Prieto, A.; Alonso, P. [Servicio de Radiologia, Hospital Da Costa, Burela (Lugo) (Spain); Calzada, J. [Servicio de Anatomia Patologica, Hospital Da Costa, Burela (Lugo) (Spain)

    2001-05-01

    Epidermoid cyst of the testis is an uncommon benign tumour, with an overall incidence of 1-2 % of all resected testicular masses. When imaging findings suggest that an intratesticular mass is likely to be an epidermoid cyst, conservative management (enucleation with testicular preservation) can be performed rather than orchidectomy. This case report records an epidermoid cyst in a 12-year-old boy in whom the US findings allowed testis-sparing surgery instead of orchidectomy. (orig.)

  4. Different and Unpredictable Clinical Outcome of Ruptured Pulmonary Hydatid Cysts

    OpenAIRE

    Sheikhy, Kambiz; Abbasidezfouli, Mehregan; Daneshvar Kakhaki, Abolghasem; Saghebi, Seyed Reza; Malekzadegan, Alireza

    2015-01-01

    Most authors believe that the best treatment for pulmonary hydatid disease is surgical evacuation. Although albendazole has been used prophylactically before surgery, there are many reports about increased incidence of the rupture of cyst after albendazole therapy, which can cause some complications. In this case report we present a patient with bilateral pulmonary hydatid cyst that was ruptured after using albendazole and different strategies were used for management of each cyst.

  5. Presentation of a Rare Case of Bilateral Lumbar Synovial Cysts

    OpenAIRE

    Konstantinos Violaris; Maria Karakyriou

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: To report a quite rare case of bilateral symptomatic synovial cysts of the lumbar spine. Surgical resection is usually the cure for this condition. Methods: A 65 year old female patient came to our department, complaining for severe lumbar and sciatic pain. MRI and CT were used to diagnose bilateral synovial cysts. Because of the intensity of symptoms, she was subjected to surgery. Laminectomy and cyst resection were performed. Results: The patient showed complete resolution of pain ...

  6. Haemorrhage into juxta-facet cysts causing bilateral foot drop

    OpenAIRE

    George, KJ; Roy, D.; Shad, A

    2012-01-01

    An 89 year old gentleman awaiting surgery for carcinoma of caecum presented with sudden back pain and developed foot drop two weeks later. MRI revealed multiple spinal metastases with a cyst in the canal at L4/5 causing spinal canal stenosis. Surgery revealed a juxta articular synovial cyst with haemorrhage in it. We discuss the presentation and management of juxtarticular cysts with a review of the literature.

  7. Bilateral Endoscopic Endonasal Marsupialization of Nasopalatine Duct Cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Yohei Honkura; Kazuhiro Nomura; Hidetoshi Oshima; Yusuke Takata; Hiroshi Hidaka; Yukio Katori

    2015-01-01

    Nasopalatine duct cysts are the most common non-odontogenic cysts in the maxilla, and are conventionally treated through a sublabial or palatine approach. Recently, the endoscopic approach has been used, but experience is extremely limited. We treated a 29-year-old male with nasopalatine duct cyst by endoscopic marsupialization, but paresthesia of the incisor region occurred after surgery. This paresthesia gradually remitted within 6 months. The nasopalatine nerve, which innervates the upper ...

  8. Laparoscopic Management of Chemical Peritonitis Caused by Dermoid Cyst Spillage

    OpenAIRE

    Shamshirsaz, Alireza A.; Shamshirsaz, Amirhoushang A.; Vibhakar, Jill L.; Broadwell, Christina; Van Voorhis, Bradley J.

    2011-01-01

    Background: Dermoid cyst is the most frequent benign ovarian tumor. Spillage of cyst contents during surgery is common and can rarely lead to chemical peritonitis. Case Report: A patient presented 3 days after attempted laparoscopic removal of bilateral dermoid cysts. On examination, she had a low-grade fever, rebound tenderness with guarding, and a markedly elevated white blood cell count. A decision was made to proceed with laparoscopy with the presumptive diagnosis of chemical peritonitis....

  9. Strangulated Femoral Hernia Turned to Be Peritoneal Cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Dionysios Dellaportas; George Polymeneas; Christina Dastamani; Evi Kairi-Vasilatou; Ioannis Papaconstantinou

    2012-01-01

    Introduction. A peritoneal inclusion cyst is a very rare mesenteric cyst of mesothelial origin usually asymptomatic. A rare case of an 82-year-old white Caucasian female with a femoral hernia containing a large peritoneal inclusion cyst, mimicking strangulated hernia, is presented herein. Case Presentation. The patient was admitted to our hospital suffering from a palpable groin mass on the right, which became painful and caused great discomfort for the last hours. Physical examination reveal...

  10. Intraspinal synovial cysts: natural history and diagnosis by CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Synovial cysts rarely have been recognized in the spinal canal. In one subsequently proved case, and in three other unproved cases that we are reporting, computed tomography (CT) showed the synovial cyst as an encapsulated cystic structure that was adjacent to a degenerated L4-5 facet joint. Although a synovial cyst may clinically simulate a herniated disk or a intraspinal tumor at myelography, it can be identified reliably by CT, and thereby exploratory laminectomy may be prevented

  11. Infected Urachal Cyst in an Adult: A Laparoscopic Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwok, Ching-Ming

    2016-01-01

    Urachal cysts occur infrequently in adults and are rarely reported in the literature. Laparoscopic excision or robot-assisted laparoscopic excision of urachal cysts has widely been applied in recent years. We present a case of urachal cyst infection treated with antibiotics and two-staged operation. The laparoscopic procedure was performed without any complications. Strong suspicion is the key for early diagnosis. PMID:27462196

  12. Subcutaneous extension of a large diaphragmatic hydatid cyst

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Athanasios Marinis; Georgios Fragulidis; Konstantinos Karapanos; Christos Konstantinidis; Paraskevas Brestas; John vassiliou; Vassilios Smyrniotis

    2006-01-01

    A 53-year-old male patient with a large hydatid cyst of the left hemidiaphragm and smaller secondary cysts located in the left thoracic cavity and upper left abdominal quadrant presented with two progressively enlarging lipoma-like masses in the left hypochondrium and under the left scapulae respectively. Total excision of all the cysts was performed through a bilateral subcostal incision, with the left hemidiaphragm near totally excised and replaced by a synthetic bilayer mesh.

  13. Perforated hydatid cyst into peritoneum presented with urticaria

    OpenAIRE

    Turgut Piskin; Cengiz Ara; Abuzer Dirican; Dincer Ozgor; Bulent Unal; Sezai Yılmaz

    2010-01-01

    Hydatid cyst of liver is generally asymptomatic unlessleading to complications. Spontaneously or trauma inducedperforation of cyst into peritoneum is one of thatcomplications. Rupture into the abdominal cavity maycause mild to fatal complications like abdominal pain, urticaria,anaphylaxis and sudden death. We present, herein,a case with abdominal pain and urticaria due to spontaneouslyhydatid cyst rupture into peritoneum. A 32 year-oldwoman admitted to the emergency room with abdominalpain an...

  14. Acetabular paralabral cyst: an uncommon cause of sciatica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sherman, P.M.; Sanders, T.G. [Department of Radiology, Wilford Hall Medical Center, 2200 Bergquist Drive, Ste. 1, Lackland AFB, TX 78236 (United States); Matchette, M.W. [University of Texas Medical School, 7703 Floyd Curl Drive, San Antonio, TX 78229-3900 (United States); Parsons, T.W. [Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Wilford Hall Medical Center, 2200 Bergquist Drive, Ste. 1, Lackland AFB, TX 78236 (United States)

    2003-02-01

    The association between tears of the acetabular labrum and paralabral cysts has been well documented, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been shown to be the most accurate noninvasive method of depicting not only the normal anatomic structures of the hip, but also the common pathologic processes such as labral tears and paralabral cysts. We present the case of an acetabular paralabral cyst that resulted in clinically symptomatic compression of the sciatic nerve. (orig.)

  15. Does glioblastoma cyst fluid promote sciatic nerve regeneration?

    OpenAIRE

    Rafet Özay; Abit Aktas; Mevlüt Özgür Taskapilioglu; Bora Gürer; Bülent Erdogan; Yusuf Sükrü Çaglar

    2015-01-01

    Glioblastoma cyst fluid contains growth factors and extracellular matrix proteins which are known as neurotrophic and neurite-promoting agents. Therefore, we hypothesized that glioblastoma cyst fluid can promote the regeneration of injured peripheral nerves. To validate this hypothesis, we transected rat sciatic nerve, performed epineural anastomosis, and wrapped the injured sciatic nerve with glioblastoma cyst fluid- or saline-soaked gelatin sponges. Neurological function and histomorphologi...

  16. Four Neonatal Complex Ovarian Cyst Cases with Uncommon Complications

    OpenAIRE

    Alkım Öden Akman; Nazile Ertürk; Sibel Altınbaş

    2015-01-01

    With the wide common use of ultrasound, ovarian cysts of the fetus and neonate are more often detected. A case series of four infant with uncommon complications of antenatal ovarian cysts were presented. In the first case; autoamputated ovarian tissue was determined and disappeared during the follow up. The second and third case went under surgery. Histopathological results were reported as a torsional autoamputated hemorrhagic necrotic tuba-ovarian cyst. Abdominal ascites was ...

  17. Giant Ovarian cyst in Term Pregnancy - A rare case report

    OpenAIRE

    Basanta Manjari Hota; Radha Rukmini K; Prabhakar Gowdar Channa Basavaih

    2015-01-01

       Ovarian cyst in pregnancy may have a poor feto-maternal outcome. A 25 year old multi gravida, post caesarean pregnancy at term reported with antenatal ultrasonography (USG) diagnosis of giant unilocular ovarian cyst and normal obstetrics findings. Elective lower segment caesarean section (LSCS) with left salpingo-oophorectomy and right partial salpingectomy was done. Left ovarian cyst was 29x20 cm. in size with smooth surface, no adhesion, no free fluid in peritoneal cavity and a normal ri...

  18. Intramuscular bronchogenic cyst of gastric body; a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Ji Seon; Lee, Dong Ho; Lim, Joo Won; Ko, Young Tae; Lee, Sang Mok; Yang, Moon Ho [Kyunghee Univ. Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2001-06-01

    Developmental foregut cysts, whether bronchogenic, esophageal, gastroenteric or pericardial, are frequently encountered in the mediastinum, and are also occasionally found in the upper abdomen, where they can mimic adrenal, pencreatic, renal or gastric masses. We present the computed tomographic (CT) and histologic findings of an intramuscular bronchogenic cyst of the gastric body, mimicking a retroperitoneal cystic mass. CT scanning demonstrated the presence of a relatively hyperattenuating cystic mass without enhancement. Histologic examination revealed a bronchogenic cyst secreting mucoid materials.

  19. Fetal sonography and neonatal scintigraphy of a choledochal cyst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A choledochal cyst, observed by ultrasound at 27 wk gestation and diagnosed at 36 wk gestation, was confirmed postpartum by [/sup 99m/Tc]DISIDA cholescintogram. Cystic dilatation of the common bile duct was proven by surgical excision and histological verification. Ultrasonography provides in utero diagnosis of choledochal cyst, often vital for successful management. Technetium-99m DISIDA imaging is a valuable companion for defining function of the cyst

  20. A Retroperitoneal Bronchogenic Cyst Mimicking a Pancreatic or Adrenal Mass

    OpenAIRE

    Runge, Tina; Blank, Annika; Schäfer, Stephan C.; Candinas, Daniel; Gloor, Beat; Angst, Eliane

    2013-01-01

    Retroperitoneal location of bronchogenic cysts is extremely rare. Most commonly they are encountered in the posterior mediastinum. Bronchogenic cysts arise from developmental aberrations of the tracheobronchial tree in the early embryologic period. We report a 42-year-old female patient with a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst in the left adrenal region. She was admitted to our hospital with epigastric pain and subsequently underwent CT of the abdomen. The examination revealed a mass related ...

  1. A case of lumbar ganglion cyst causing radiculopathy

    OpenAIRE

    Milcan, Abdullah; Ozdemir, Cengiz; Karabacak, Tuba; Duce, Meltem Nas; Bagdatoglu, Celal

    2004-01-01

    Ganglion cysts represent a rare pathology mostly encountered in the lumbar region of the spinal column. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a ganglion cyst at the L4-5 level in a 46-year-old woman who had a complaint of long-standing pain in her right leg. The cyst was completely excised following total laminectomy at L4. After surgery, her symptoms and neurological signs completely disappeared.

  2. GANGLION CYST IN THE ROOT OF THE LEFT INDEX FINGER

    OpenAIRE

    Manoj; Prem Charles; Shyamala

    2014-01-01

    Ganglion cyst is a condition where there is herniation of synovium from the joint space to the exterior and presents as a cystic mass. The cyst can maintain the connection to the joint space. There is potential risk of injury and infection due to even a trivial trauma leading to complications like arthritis and septicemia. The ganglion cysts normally observed in major and weight bearing joints. The incidence in small joints are uncommon. The present patient presented with a cy...

  3. Ganglion Cysts Arising from a Canine Stifle Joint

    OpenAIRE

    Murata, Daiki; SOGAWA, Takeshi; TOKUNAGA, Satoshi; IWANAGA, Tomoko; KAWAGUCHI, Hiroaki; Miyoshi, Noriaki; MOMOI, Yasuyuki; FUJIKI, Makoto; MIURA, NAOKI

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT A 10-year-old, neutered male Labrador retriever presented with progressive left hind lameness. Ultrasonography revealed large, subcutaneous, ovoid cysts around the stifle joint. Radiographic and computed tomographic images revealed periosteal reaction of the distal femur. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging showed a large cyst that was hypointense in T1-weighted images, hyperintense in T2-weighted images and had a thin lining that was enhanced by intravenous gadonium injection. The cyst ...

  4. Bile duct cyst in adults: Interventional treatment, resection, or transplantation?

    OpenAIRE

    Herwig Cerwenka

    2013-01-01

    Cystic dilatations of the bile ducts may be found along the extrahepatic biliary tree, within the liver, or in both of these locations simultaneously. Presentation in adults is often associated with complications. The therapeutic possibilities have changed considerably over the last few decades. If possible, complete resection of the cyst(s) can cure the symptoms and avoid the risk of malignancy. According to the type of bile duct cyst, surgical procedures include the Roux-en-Y hepaticojejuno...

  5. Lung cyst in a toddler: Congenital or infective?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kotyal B Mahendrappa

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Cysts and cavities are commonly encountered lesions in the lung on chest radiography and chest computed tomography. They are usually of congenital origin in children. Common causes of acquired lung cysts during childhood include necrotizing pneumonias, trauma, cystic fibrosis and kerosene poisoning. We report here a toddler who presented with bronchopneumonia, was treated for the same, then found to have a left lower lobar lung cyst, which disappeared after 2 months with appropriate conservative management.

  6. Adenocarcinoma arising from the tailgut cyst: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Kyung Jae; Lee, Young Rae [Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1995-09-15

    Tailgut cyst is a rare congenital anomaly arising in the retrorectal space. Malignancy arising from the tailgut cyst is very rare. We experienced a case of adenocarcinoma arising from the tailgut cyst. The findings of this rare tumor are bony destruction of the sacrum on plain radiograph, a cystic mass on ultrasound, a low attenuation mass with calcification and enhancement on CT, and a multiseptated cystic mass containing solid component on MRI.

  7. A rare case of carcinoid tumor in a tailgut cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Jehangir, Asad; Le, Brian H.; Carter, Frank M.

    2016-01-01

     Tailgut cysts are rare congenital lesions that arise from the failure of regression of the embryological tailgut. We report a case of neoplastic transformation of tailgut cyst to carcinoid tumor which is exceedingly uncommon. Keywords: carcinoid tumor; synaptophysin; neuron-specific enolase; chromogranin A; tailgut cyst(Published: 6 July 2016)Citation: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives 2016, 6: 31410 - http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/jchimp.v6.31410

  8. Unusual prerectal location of a tailgut cyst: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Jang, Si-Hyong; Jang, Ki-Seok; Song, Young-Soo; MIN, KYUENG-WHAN; Han, Hong-Xiu; Lee, Kyeong-Geun; Paik, Seung-Sam

    2006-01-01

    Tailgut cyst is a rare congenital cystic lesion arising from the remnants of the embryonic postanal gut. It occurs exclusively within the retrorectal space and rarely in the perirenal area or in the subcutaneous tissue. A prerectal and retrovesical location of tailgut cyst is extremely rare. To the best of our knowledge, only three cases have been reported in the English literature. We experienced an unusual case of tailgut cyst developed in the prerectal and retrovesical space in a 14-year-o...

  9. Tailgut cyst: A case report and literature review

    OpenAIRE

    Mazen Haydar; Kai Griepentrog

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Tailgut cysts are rare diseases but can be challenging to manage. Presentation of case: This is a case report of a tailgut cyst, in a 42 year old female. The cyst was incidentally detected on imaging, and treated with Kraske surgical approach. Discussion: Hereby, we review the relevant information present in the medical literature about the incidence, methods of diagnosis, treatment options and management plans. Conclusion: Surgical management should be tailored individ...

  10. Ruptured intrathoracic cyst during induction of anaesthesia: Anaesthetic challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bharat Paliwal

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Congenital benign cysts are among the rare types of mediastinal masses. When symptomatic, complete surgical excision through thoracotomy is the definitive treatment. Rarely they may present with symptoms due to complications like rupture. However, rupture following the induction of general anaesthesia poses unique challenges for anaesthesiologist. We report our experience of a rare variant of intraparenchymal cyst (lung, which was subsequently found to be a bronchogenic cyst.

  11. Conjunctival inclusion cysts following small incision cataract surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Narayanappa Shylaja; Dayananda S; Dakshayini M; Gangasagara Suresh; Prabhakaran Venkatesh

    2010-01-01

    The occurrence of acquired conjunctival inclusion cysts following various ophthalmic surgeries such as strabismus surgery, scleral buckling, pars plana vitrectomy, ptosis surgery and phacoemulsification has been reported. We report two cases of conjunctival inclusion cysts following manual Small Incision Cataract Surgery (SICS) in two male patients aged 65 and 67 years. The cysts originated from the scleral tunnel used for manual SICS. Both were treated by excision and confirmed histopatholog...

  12. Ultra Sound Evaluation of Choledochal Cyst With Portal Hypertension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alam P

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Choledochal cyst is an uncommon congenital cystic dilatation of the bile duct. The underlying etiology is believed to be an anomalous junction of the pancreatic duct and common bile duct (CBD that allows free reflux of pancreatic enzymes into the CBD, weakening its wall. Portal hypertension is a rare complication of choledochal cyst. We report a case of choledochal cyst with portal hypertension confirmed by surgery

  13. Popliteal Cysts in Paediatric Patients: Clinical Characteristics and Imaging Features on Ultrasound and MRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henning Neubauer

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Popliteal cysts, or Baker cysts, are considered rare in children and may exhibit particular features, as compared with adults. We studied data from 80 paediatric patients with 55 Baker cysts, examined over a period of 7 years, and correlated clinical presentation with findings on ultrasonography and MRI. Prevalence of popliteal cysts was 57% in arthritic knees, 58% with hypermobility syndrome, and 28% without risk factors. Only one patient had a trauma history and showed an ipsilateral cyst. Mean cyst volume was 3.4 mL; cysts were larger in boys. Patients with arthritis had echogenic cysts in 53%. Cyst communication with the joint space was seen in 64% on ultrasonography and 86% on MRI. In conclusion, Baker cysts are a common finding in a clinically preselected paediatric population. Children with Baker cysts should be assessed for underlying arthritis and inherited joint hypermobility, while sporadic Baker cysts appear to be common, as well.

  14. Mass Forming Pseudoangiomatous Stromal Hyperplasia of the Breast: Sonographic Features

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jin Hee; Hwang, Mi Soo; Lee, Jae Kye; Bae, Young Kyung [Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2006-09-15

    The object of this study was to describe the sonographic findings of mass-forming pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia. A retrospective review of ten patients with breast sonography and five patients with mammography who had pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia presenting as a breast mass. All cases were confirmed by surgical biopsy. The mean age of the 10 patients was 41 years old (21-51) and the mean mass size was 4.7 cm (2.5-10). On sonography, all lesions were oval shaped and well circumscribed, hypoechoic masses. Nine of the ten lesions presented with homogeneous internal echogenicity and one lesion with a complex heterogeneous pattern with a small internal cyst. A mammogram was performed in five patients and all lesions were oval, well circumscribed, high density masses. Sonographic findings of mass-forming pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia of the breast were similar with those of other benign breast masses, so biopsy should be performed for diagnosis

  15. A case of orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst suspected to be a radicular cyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onuki, Mizuho; Saito, Atsushi; Hosokawa, Sohei; Ohnuki, Tomohiro; Hayakawa, Hiroki; Seta, Shuichi; Muramatsu, Takashi; Furusawa, Masahiro

    2009-02-01

    This report describes a case of orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst arising in the mandibular molar region of a 39-year-old man. Under the initial clinical diagnosis of radicular cyst, root canal treatment was performed on the mandibular right second molar. The treatment that continued for six months did not achieve healing. Subsequently surgical intervention was selected since the tooth fracture was found, and the prognosis was judged to be poor. After atraumatic tooth extraction, the apical cystic lesion was enucleated, and the tooth was replanted. A definite diagnosis of orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst was made by histopathological examination of the biopsy specimen. The radiograph taken seven months after the operation showed an improvement in the radiolucent lesion. No clinical signs of tooth mobility, pain, and swelling were present. The tooth was then successfully retained with the final restoration. Careful follow-up is needed in order to detect any signs of recurrence. PMID:19622877

  16. Organization of the cysts in bee (Hymenoptera, Apidae testis: number of spermatozoa per cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cruz-Landim Carminda da

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The morphology of the cyst cells in Apis mellifera Linné, 1758, Scaptotrigona postica Latreille, 1804, and Melipona bicolor bicolor Lepeletier, 1836 testis, as well as the average number of spermatic cells are reported. The data indicates a supporting and nourrishing role of the cyst cells to the developing cystocytes. The counts of immature spermatozoa in the cysts show an average of 202.8 ± 21.2 spermatozoa for A. mellifera, 117.4 ± 8.68 for S. postica and 88.8 ± 15.57 for M. bicolor, which predict the occurrence of 8 mitotic cycles in the cystocytes of A. mellifera and 7 in the meliponines, considering that only one spermatozoom originates of each final spermatogonium.

  17. Epidural anesthesia as a cause of acquired spinal subarachnoid cysts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Six patients with acquired spinal subarachnoid cysts secondary to epidural anesthesia were evaluated with MR imaging (seven patients) and intraoperative US (three patients). The cysts were located in the lower cervical and thoracic spine. Adhesions and irregularity of the cord surface were frequently noted. Associated intramedullary lesions, including intramedullary cysts and myelomalacia, were seen in two of the patients. Arachnoiditis was unsuspected clinically in three patients, and MR imaging proved to be the diagnostic examination that first suggested the cause of the patients symptoms. The underlying mechanism for the formation of these cysts is a chemically induced arachnoiditis

  18. CT-guided sclerosing therapy of renal cysts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Due to its diagnostic accuracy as well as safe and accurate puncture technique CT can be used advantageously for percutaneous sclerosing therapy of renal cysts. CT-guided sclerosing therapy with pantopaque emulsions was carried out in 100 patients on an outpatient basis with altogether 107 solitary renal cysts. There were indications in all cases. Continuous follow-up of cysts involution in 96 patients with 103 cysts pointed out a reliable sclerosing effect in 95.1% of them. Major complications were neither registered in the puncture technique nor in the late urographic examinations. (orig.)

  19. Factors Influencing Emergence of Juveniles from Cysts of Heterodera zeae

    OpenAIRE

    Hashmi, Sarwar; Krusberg, Lorin R.

    1995-01-01

    Several factors were studied to determine their effects on hatch and emergence of second-stage juveniles (J2) from cysts of Heterodera zeae. The optimum temperature for emergence of J2 from cysts of H. zeae was 30 C. No juveniles emerged from cysts at 10 or 40 C. Immersion of cysts in 4 mM zinc chloride solution stimulated 10% greater emergence of J2 than occurred in tap water controls during 28 days. Fresh corn rhizosphere leachates from 25-day and older plants growing in sand or sandy field...

  20. Giant Pelvic Retroperitoneal Epidermoid Cyst: A Rare Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Z. Fdili Alaoui

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Epidermoid cyst is a frequent benign cutaneous tumor. The pelvic localization does not occur very often. The literature that taps into such cases is very limited in scope. Here is a report of a 27-year-old woman with a giant pelvic retroperitoneal epidermoid cyst. The use of ultrasound exploration and computed tomography has indicated ovarian origins. The surgery also revealed a retroperitoneal epidermoid cyst, uterus and ovaries were all intact. The evacuation of a cyst was found to contain lamellas of keratin. Histology permitted us to confirm the diagnosis. The patient was faring well after two years of followup.

  1. Giant pelvic retroperitoneal epidermoid cyst: a rare case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fdili Alaoui, F Z; Oussaden, A; Bouguern, H; El Fatemi, H; Melhouf, M A; Amarti, A; Ait Taleb, K

    2012-01-01

    Epidermoid cyst is a frequent benign cutaneous tumor. The pelvic localization does not occur very often. The literature that taps into such cases is very limited in scope. Here is a report of a 27-year-old woman with a giant pelvic retroperitoneal epidermoid cyst. The use of ultrasound exploration and computed tomography has indicated ovarian origins. The surgery also revealed a retroperitoneal epidermoid cyst, uterus and ovaries were all intact. The evacuation of a cyst was found to contain lamellas of keratin. Histology permitted us to confirm the diagnosis. The patient was faring well after two years of followup. PMID:23150734

  2. Simple bone cyst of the mandible: Report of two cases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Despite their names, simple bone cysts are no longer categorized as cysts since they lack an epithelial lining. However, their nature remains controversial. The internal structure is totally radiolucent, sometimes showing multilocular appearance, although the lesion does not contain true septa and the ridges of bone is produced by the scalloping effect. We presented two cases of histopathologically confirmed simple bone cyst. Radiographic features such as multilocular appearance and significant buccal and lingual expansion are not usual findings for simple bone cyst, whereas evident in our presented cases.

  3. A Case of Primary Hyperparathyroidism due to Intrathyroidal Parathyroid Cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Yavuz Yalcin; Turkan Mete; Recep Aktimur; Gultekin Ozan Kucuk; Gulhan Duman; Aysu Basak Ozbalci; Omer Alici

    2014-01-01

    Parathyroid cysts constitute 0.08–3.41% of all parathyroid masses. Intrathyroidal parathyroid cysts, however, are rare conditions with only a few cases being reported. Most of the parathyroid cysts are found to be nonfunctional and functional cysts are generally thought to be due to cystic degeneration of parathyroid adenomas. A cystic, smooth contoured lesion of 24 × 19 × 16 mm was observed in left thyroid lobe of a 76-year-old woman during ultrasonography which was performed as routine wor...

  4. A Case of Primary Hyperparathyroidism due to Intrathyroidal Parathyroid Cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yavuz Yalcin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Parathyroid cysts constitute 0.08–3.41% of all parathyroid masses. Intrathyroidal parathyroid cysts, however, are rare conditions with only a few cases being reported. Most of the parathyroid cysts are found to be nonfunctional and functional cysts are generally thought to be due to cystic degeneration of parathyroid adenomas. A cystic, smooth contoured lesion of 24 × 19 × 16 mm was observed in left thyroid lobe of a 76-year-old woman during ultrasonography which was performed as routine workup for primary hyperparathyroidism. It was defined as a cystic thyroid nodule at first. Tc99m sestamibi scintigraphy was performed to see any parathyroid lesions, but no radioactive uptake was observed. Intact parathormone (iPTH level was found to be >600 pg/mL in cyst aspiration fluid. Left lobectomy was performed, with a diagnosis of primary hyperparathyroidism due to functional parathyroid cyst. Serum iPTH level was decreased >50% postoperatively and histopathological evaluation was consistent with an encapsulated parathyroid adenoma with a cystic center. Parathyroid cysts are among rare causes of primary hyperparathyroidism. Diagnosis is made by markedly increased iPTH level in cyst fluid and observation of parathyroid epithelium lining the cyst wall.

  5. Hydatid Cyst of Right Atrium: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maral Mokhtari

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Cardiac hydatid cyst is rare and usually occurs in the setting of disseminated disease. Herein, we reported a case of isolated right atrial hydatid cyst misdiagnosed clinically as a tumor. A 65-year-old woman diagnosed as having large right atrial mass suspected of malignancy underwent resection of the cardiac mass. Histopathological examination showed laminated membrane and protoscolices of Echinococcus Granulosus. However, all other work-ups failed to document systemic diseases. Therefore, isolated cardiac hydatid cyst was diagnosed. Hydatid cysts should be considered in differential diagnosis of any cardiac mass, especially in endemic areas.

  6. Abdominal Wall Hydatid Cyst: Case Report and Review of Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Abhishek

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A 60-year-old woman presented with a swelling in right paraumbilical region of one-year duration. Examination revealed a painless cystic swelling 15 × 10 cm with cough impulse. Ultrasound and CECT abdomen showed a subcutaneous cystic swelling with intramuscular extension. No other intraabdominal cystic lesions were found. Surgical exploration showed a cystic lesion adherent to peritoneum without any intraperitoneal extension. Cyst was carefully excised without any spillage. Gross specimen on opening showed multiple daughter cysts consistent with hydatid cyst, confirming the diagnosis of solitary abdominal wall hydatid cyst.

  7. MRI findings of a huge cyst adenocarcinoma of the palate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Jin Woo [School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-12-15

    Cyst adenocarcinoma of the salivary glands is a very rare, slow growing, and low-grade malignant neoplasm. It is characterized by predominantly cystic growth with or without the intraluminal papillary component. However, it lacks of any additional specific histopathologic features that characterize other types of salivary carcinomas showing cystic growth. Therefore, definite diagnosis of the cyst adenocarcinoma is difficult and it is often misdiagnosed. It is conceptually the malignant counterpart of the benign cyst adenoma. We present a cyst adenocarcinoma on the palate of a 49-year-old man with special emphasis on magnetic resonance imaging.

  8. Successful intrauterine aspiration of a large fetal ovarian cyst

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 32-year-old Bahraini lady with a large fetal intra-abdominal cyst detected antenatally on ultrasound examination at 16 weeks of gestation. The cyst was simple anechoic, increasing in size and causing progressive displacement of the fetal thoracic organs. A successful intrauterine needle aspiration was carried out under ultrasound guidance at 30 weeks gestation without maternal or fetal morbidity. Cytology of the cyst fluid showed luteinized granulosa cells and biochemistry demonstrated high concentrations of estradiol, progesterone, and testosterone that confirmed the etiology of the cyst as ovarian. There was no evidence of recurrence following aspiration and no further need for postnatal surgery. (author)

  9. Giant Leaking Colloid Cyst Presenting with Aseptic Meningitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bakhtevari, Mehrdad Hosseinzadeh; Sharifi, Guive; Jabbari, Reza;

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Colloid cysts are benign third ventricle lesions that need to be diagnosed correctly because of their association with sudden death. Chemical or aseptic meningitis is a rare presentation of a colloid cyst. METHODS: We present a case of a 69-year-old man with fever, alteration of mental...... status, and meningismus. Microbiological examination of the cerebrospinal fluid revealed aseptic meningitis. Brain imaging revealed a third ventricular colloid cyst with hydrocephalus. RESULTS: The tumor was resected via endoscopic intervention. There were no persistent operative complications related to...... the endoscopic procedure. CONCLUSIONS: Chemical or aseptic meningitis is an unusual clinical manifestation of a colloid cyst, complicating the differential diagnosis, especially in the elderly....

  10. MRI findings of intracranial neurenteric cyst : cast report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Neurenteric cyst is very rare congenital disease and usually presents symptoms in adulthood. It can cause major neurological deficits if detection and treatment are delayed. It is also known to be a source of serious infection of the central nervous system. Neurenteric cyst is usually located in the ventral aspect of the lower cervical or upper thoracic spinal cord. Intracranial neurenteric cyst is very uncommon and less than 35 cases have been reported in the literature. We report MRI findings of two cases of intracranial neurenteric cyst and review the literature

  11. Dual ACL Ganglion Cysts: Significance of Detailed Arthroscopy

    OpenAIRE

    Samarth Mittal; Amit Singla; Nag, H. L.; Sanjay Meena; Ramprakash Lohiya; Abhinav Agarwal

    2014-01-01

    Intra-articular ganglion cysts of the knee joint are rare and most frequently are an incidental finding on MRI and arthroscopy. Most of the previous studies have reported a single ganglion cyst in the knee. There have been previous reports of more than one cyst in the same knee but not in the same structure within the knee. We are reporting a case of dual ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) ganglion cysts one of which was missed on radiological examination but later detected during arthroscopy. ...

  12. Effect of Chlorine on Giardia lamblia Cyst Viability

    OpenAIRE

    Jarroll, Edward L.; Bingham, Alan K.; Meyer, Ernest A.

    1981-01-01

    The effect of chlorine concentration on Giardia lamblia cyst viability was tested under a variety of conditions. The ability of Giardia cysts to undergo excystation was used as the criterion of viability. The experimental variables employed included temperature (25, 15, and 5°C), pH (6, 7, and 8), chlorine-cyst contact time (10, 30, and 60 min), and chlorine concentration (1 to 8 mg/liter). In the pH range studied, cyst survival generally was observed to increase as buffer pH increased. Water...

  13. Retrorectal hamartoma: A ‘tail’ of two cysts!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peter, Prasant; George, Uttam; Peacock, Mark

    2010-01-01

    Retrorectal hamartomas or tail gut cysts are rare congenital anomalies most commonly seen in a retrorectal location; most common in middle aged women. This article describes the radiological appearance in two cases of tail gut cysts in males, one a child with a visible perianal swelling since birth and the other, a 72-year-old man with symptoms for one week. In both, the tailgut cysts were in a right perirectal location. Presentation in such a location in males, at extremes of age, is unusual for tailgut cysts. PMID:20607026

  14. Conjunctival inclusion cysts following small incision cataract surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narayanappa Shylaja

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The occurrence of acquired conjunctival inclusion cysts following various ophthalmic surgeries such as strabismus surgery, scleral buckling, pars plana vitrectomy, ptosis surgery and phacoemulsification has been reported. We report two cases of conjunctival inclusion cysts following manual Small Incision Cataract Surgery (SICS in two male patients aged 65 and 67 years. The cysts originated from the scleral tunnel used for manual SICS. Both were treated by excision and confirmed histopathologically. No recurrence was noted at three months follow-up. To our knowledge, conjunctival inclusion cysts following SICS have not been reported previously. Careful reflection of conjunctiva during tunnel construction and posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation may prevent their occurrence.

  15. Dual ACL Ganglion Cysts: Significance of Detailed Arthroscopy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samarth Mittal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Intra-articular ganglion cysts of the knee joint are rare and most frequently are an incidental finding on MRI and arthroscopy. Most of the previous studies have reported a single ganglion cyst in the knee. There have been previous reports of more than one cyst in the same knee but not in the same structure within the knee. We are reporting a case of dual ACL (anterior cruciate ligament ganglion cysts one of which was missed on radiological examination but later detected during arthroscopy. To the best of our knowledge, no such case has been reported in the indexed English literature till date.

  16. Laparoscopic choledochal cyst excision and Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kayaalp, Cüneyt; Soyer, Vural; Ersan, Veysel; Aydın, Cemalettin; Karagül, Servet

    2016-01-01

    Congenital choledochal cysts are rare in adults. Due to the risk of developing cholangiocarcinoma, the current standard of care is complete excision of the cyst and reconstruction with hepaticojejunostomy. So far, more than 200 laparoscopic resections have been reported in adults, the majority being from Far Eastern countries over the last five years. Herein, the technique of laparoscopic type I choledochal cyst excision and hepaticojejunostomy is presented in a 37-year-old male with an accompanying video. The advantages of laparoscopic surgery are applicable for choledochal cyst excision as well. We believe that teamwork, expertise on intracorporeal suturing and hepatobiliary surgery are central issues for this operation. PMID:27436941

  17. Subparaneurial ganglion cysts of the fibular and tibial nerves: A new variant of intraneural ganglion cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prasad, Nikhil K; Desy, Nicholas M; Howe, B Matthew; Amrami, Kimberly K; Spinner, Robert J

    2016-05-01

    Over the last decade, the mechanism of formation of intraneural ganglion cysts has been established through a meticulous review of clinical findings and correlation with patterns produced on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Pathognomonic imaging patterns distinguish these rare lesions from the more common extraneural variants in almost all cases. In this report, we present a new pattern of cyst occurrence in the subparaneurial compartment of the nerve and provide potential anatomic explanations for its pathogenesis. Using an anatomic framework of connective tissue compartments of the nerve, we reviewed 63 (56 fibular and seven tibial) intraneural ganglion cysts in the knee region evaluated at our institution and all reports with MRI in the world's literature for evidence of cyst occurrence in the subparaneurial compartment. We identified six cases (five in the common fibular nerve and one in the tibial nerve) at our institution that had MR evidence of cyst in the subparaneurial compartment with a new complex lobulated pattern. All cases had articular branch connections to the superior tibiofibular joint, which at operation were resected along with the joints. Follow-up revealed complete recovery in all instances and no clinical or radiological signs of recurrence. Three cases out of 80 in the literature exhibited the new complex lobulated MRI pattern. We present a new pattern of intraneural ganglion cyst occurrence in a potential space that surrounds peripheral nerves- the subparaneurial compartment. We believe that the unifying articular theory applies to the pathogenesis and management of these rare variants. Clin. Anat. 29:530-537, 2016. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:26599204

  18. Bilateral inflammatory cysts of the jaw: report of an unusual case

    OpenAIRE

    Holla, Vidya A.; Chatra, Laxmikanth; Shenai, Prashanth; Rao, Prasanna Kumar; Veena, KM; Prabhu, Rachana Vishnudas

    2012-01-01

    Radicular cyst is the most common odontogenic cyst occurring in the jaws. The cyst is commonly found in relation to the maxillary anterior teeth in the third and fifth decade of life. Although multiple radicular cysts are not uncommon in the jaws, bilaterally symmetrical representation of these cysts is rare. Radiographs prior to extraction help in diagnosis of these cysts and thereby prevent further morbidities. We report a case of 16-year-old male patient who presented bilateral radicular c...

  19. Cervical cyst of the ligamentum flavum and C7-T1 subluxation: case report

    OpenAIRE

    Gazzeri, Roberto; Galarza, Marcelo; Gorgoglione, Leonardo; Bisceglia, Michele; D’Angelo, Vincenzo

    2005-01-01

    A patient with progressive gait disturbance resulting from a cyst of the cervical ligamentum flavum associated with C7-T1 listhesis is reported. Surgical removal of the cyst improved the patient’s myelopathy. Intraspinal degenerative cysts are preferentially located in the lumbar region:unusual is the cervical localization. Differential diagnosis includes ligamentum flavum cyst, synovial and ganglion cysts. Association between degenerative intraspinal cysts and listhesis is discussed. To our ...

  20. Breast dosimetry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The estimation of the absorbed dose to the breast is an important part of the quality control of the mammographic examination. Knowledge of breast dose is essential for the design and performance assessment of mammographic imaging systems. This review gives a historical introduction to the measurement of breast dose. The mean glandular dose (MGD) is introduced as an appropriate measure of breast dose. MGD can be estimated from measurements of the incident air kerma at the surface of the breast and the application of an appropriate conversion factor. Methods of calculating and measuring this conversion factor are described and the results discussed. The incident air kerma itself may be measured for patients or for a test phantom simulating the breast. In each case the dose may be determined using TLD measurements, or known exposure parameters and measurements of tube output. The methodology appropriate to each case is considered and the results from sample surveys of breast dose are presented. Finally the various national protocols for breast dosimetry are compared