WorldWideScience

Sample records for braunschweig health empowerment

  1. The Nexus Between Health Literacy and Empowerment: A Scoping Review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Crondahl, Kristine; Eklund Karlsson, Leena

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this article was to explore what is known about the assumed connection between health literacy and empowerment and how this connection is portrayed in the scientific literature. If empowerment is an outcome of health literacy, what are the mechanisms behind this process? A literature...... search onducted in 2013 yielded 216 hits, of which five met the inclusion criteria, and thus were read in depth and analyzed through a narrative-review approach. The findings indicate that Health literacy might be regarded as a tool for empowerment but does not automatically lead to empowerment. Health...... literacy might be increased by health education. Crucial for empowerment is to achieve the critical level of health literacy including an ability to question and reflect on the prevailing power relations and societal conditions; increased senses of power, selfesteem, and self-efficacy; and an ability...

  2. Empowerment as an Emerging Approach in Health Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fahlberg, Larry L.; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Discusses the empowerment approach in health education, emphasizing the role of health educators as collaborators sensitive to each participant, group, and context. Empowerment programs do not blame the participant or the environment, but instead work collaboratively to enhance growth and change in the facilitators, participants, and environments.…

  3. Empowerment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Maja Lundemark

    2015-01-01

    et inspirationspapir om empowerment som tilgang i det beskæftigelsesrettede arbejde - især til regioner og kommuner og med henblik på samarbejde mellem professionelle og borgere......et inspirationspapir om empowerment som tilgang i det beskæftigelsesrettede arbejde - især til regioner og kommuner og med henblik på samarbejde mellem professionelle og borgere...

  4. Therapy as Empowerment: Clinical and Political Implications of Empowerment Philosophy in Mental Health Practises of Music Therapy

    OpenAIRE

    Randi Rolvsjord

    2006-01-01

    In this article the clinical and political implications of empowerment philosophy are elaborated with music therapy practices in mental health services as the point of departure. The concept and the philosophy of empowerment are discussed through a review of literature from community psychology, sociology and feminist psychology. Empowerment is connected to a resource-oriented perspective on music therapy that implies a focus upon the client's strengths and potentials and emphasizes the impor...

  5. Empowerment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, John

    Empowerment er et af tidens plus ord og betyder direkte oversat bemyndige eller sætte i stand. Det er et begreb, der sætter fokus på processer, hvor igennem mennesker bliver i stand til at modvirke afmagt og afhængighed. Målet er refleksive og myndige mennesker og aktører, med stemme og handlings......Empowerment er et af tidens plus ord og betyder direkte oversat bemyndige eller sætte i stand. Det er et begreb, der sætter fokus på processer, hvor igennem mennesker bliver i stand til at modvirke afmagt og afhængighed. Målet er refleksive og myndige mennesker og aktører, med stemme og...... empowerment interessen. Akademisk set er empowermentbegrebet nemlig ikke noget stærkt begreb, der nyder anerkendelse i akademia. Jeg vil imidlertid argumentere for at et kritisk transformativt empowermentperspektiv fortjener at blive mere indholdsudfyldt. Det handler grundlæggende om et samfundskritisk og...

  6. 授权理论在病人健康教育中的应用进展%Progress on empowerment of empowerment theory in health education for patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪志红; 薛小玲; 邱艳芬

    2012-01-01

    介绍了授权理论的概念、理论框架、授权的实施步骤、授权教育的特点、授权的内涵及授权健康教育研究现状.%It introduced the concept and theory frame of empowerment theory, empowerment implementation steps, characteristics of empowerment education, connotation of empowerment and research status of empowerment health education.

  7. Developing e-Health Information by Empowerment Strategy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pallesen, Bodil; Engberg, Axel; Barlach, Anders

    2006-01-01

    This innovative study relates patient empowerment to strategies for education and e-health information to support self-care to patients with knee surgery in a Danish university hospital outpatient clinic. Interdisciplinary teamwork and Information and Communication Technology are integral parts...

  8. Therapy as Empowerment: Clinical and Political Implications of Empowerment Philosophy in Mental Health Practises of Music Therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Randi Rolvsjord

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available In this article the clinical and political implications of empowerment philosophy are elaborated with music therapy practices in mental health services as the point of departure. The concept and the philosophy of empowerment are discussed through a review of literature from community psychology, sociology and feminist psychology. Empowerment is connected to a resource-oriented perspective on music therapy that implies a focus upon the client's strengths and potentials and emphasizes the importance of collaboration and equality in the relationship between therapist and client.

  9. Advances in the conceptualization and measurement of Health Care Empowerment: development and validation of the Health Care Empowerment inventory.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mallory O Johnson

    Full Text Available The Health Care Empowerment Model offers direction for the investigation of patient-controlled engagement and involvement in health care. At the core of the model is the construct of Health Care Empowerment (HCE, for which there exist no validated measures. A set of 27 candidate self-report survey items was constructed to capture five hypothesized inter-related facets of HCE (informed, engaged, committed, collaborative, and tolerant of uncertainty. The full item set was administered to 644 HIV-infected persons enrolled in three ongoing research studies. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses resulted in a two factor solution comprising four items each on two subscales: (1 HCE: Informed, Committed, Collaborative, and Engaged HCE ICCE and (2 HCE Tolerance of Uncertainty (HCE TU. Subscale scores were evaluated for relationships with relevant constructs measured in the three studies, including depression, provider relationships, medication adherence, and HIV-1 viral load. Findings suggest the utility of this 8-item Health Care Empowerment Inventory (HCEI in efforts to measure, understand, and track changes in the ways in which individuals engage in health care.

  10. Advances in the conceptualization and measurement of Health Care Empowerment: development and validation of the Health Care Empowerment inventory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Mallory O; Rose, Carol Dawson; Dilworth, Samantha E; Neilands, Torsten B

    2012-01-01

    The Health Care Empowerment Model offers direction for the investigation of patient-controlled engagement and involvement in health care. At the core of the model is the construct of Health Care Empowerment (HCE), for which there exist no validated measures. A set of 27 candidate self-report survey items was constructed to capture five hypothesized inter-related facets of HCE (informed, engaged, committed, collaborative, and tolerant of uncertainty). The full item set was administered to 644 HIV-infected persons enrolled in three ongoing research studies. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses resulted in a two factor solution comprising four items each on two subscales: (1) HCE: Informed, Committed, Collaborative, and Engaged HCE ICCE) and (2) HCE Tolerance of Uncertainty (HCE TU). Subscale scores were evaluated for relationships with relevant constructs measured in the three studies, including depression, provider relationships, medication adherence, and HIV-1 viral load. Findings suggest the utility of this 8-item Health Care Empowerment Inventory (HCEI) in efforts to measure, understand, and track changes in the ways in which individuals engage in health care. PMID:23029184

  11. Do health literacy and patient empowerment affect self-care behaviour? A survey study among Turkish patients with diabetes

    OpenAIRE

    Eyüboğlu, Ezgi; Schulz, Peter J

    2016-01-01

    Objective This study aimed to assess the impact of health literacy and patient empowerment on diabetes self-care behaviour in patients in metropolitan Turkish diabetes centres. The conceptual background is provided by the psychological health empowerment model, which holds that health literacy without patient empowerment comes down to wasting health resources, while empowerment without health literacy can lead to dangerous or suboptimal health behaviour. Design, setting and participants A cro...

  12. The Women's Health Care Empowerment Model as a Catalyst for Change in Developing Countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitroi, Lavinia R; Sahak, Medina; Sherzai, Ayesha Z; Sherzai, Dean

    2016-01-01

    Women's empowerment has been attempted through a number of different fields including the realms of politics, finance, and education, yet none of these domains are as promising as health care. Here we review preliminary work in this domain and introduce a model for women's empowerment through involvement in health care, titled the "women's health care empowerment model." Principles upon which our model is built include: acknowledging the appropriate definition of empowerment within the cultural context, creating a women's network for communication, integrating local culture and tradition into training women, and increasing the capability of women to care for their children and other women. PMID:24945243

  13. Consumer empowerment as a solution to health system financing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prewo, W

    2000-01-01

    The health system of the welfare state has basic design flaws. First, it treats citizens as recipients of entitlements that are bestowed on them rather than as sovereign customers who otherwise can choose among an array of goods and services; with uniform health plans, there are no incentives to economise. Second, benefits are provided by government through monopoly schemes; their performance has been dismal when compared with other sectors of the economy that, under competition, have yielded continuous efficiency improvements. Ceaselessly rising costs for healthcare are the consequence. Applying the principles of the market economy to healthcare--and to social security in general--would unleash a vast potential of efficiency gains. The issue in such a reform is equity. Healthcare must be affordable for all. In reconciling efficiency and equity, the cornerstones of this proposal are financial empowerment and individual responsibility; to hand the individual the money required to purchase the current level of benefits--nobody loses--and to leave it to the individual, within bounds, whether to do so. While guaranteeing that everybody can buy the current benefits, the savings from restraint will be the individual's to keep. The reform steps would be as follows: (i) empowerment, (ii) fairness and finance, (iii) safeguard and choice, and (iv) savings to keep. This is a 'consumer model' of healthcare. Efficiency is achieved by privatisation, individual responsibility and freedom of choice on the demand side and by competition on the supply side. Equity is guaranteed by financial empowerment of the individual and a no-loss rule; mandatory minimum insurance would preserve the safety net. PMID:11151313

  14. Irrigation of treated wastewater in Braunschweig, Germany

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ternes, T.A.; Bonerz, M.; Herrmann, N.;

    2007-01-01

    In this study the fate of pharmaceuticals and personal care products which are irrigated on arable land with treated municipal waste-water was investigated. In Braunschweig, Germany, wastewater has been irrigated continuously for more than 45 years. In the winter time only the effluent of the...

  15. Women Empowerment and Its Relation with Health Seeking Behavior in Bangladesh

    OpenAIRE

    Akm Mainuddin; Housne Ara Begum; Rawal, Lal B; Anwar Islam; S M Shariful Islam

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Over the last few decades, Bangladesh has made significant progress towards achieving targets for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and women empowerment. This study is aimed at identifying the levels and patterns of women empowerment in relation to health seeking behavior in Bangladesh. Materials and methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study among 200 rural married women in Cox’s Bazar district in Bangladesh using multi stage sampling technique and face-to-face interview...

  16. Women's empowerment and health: the role of institutions of power in Pakistan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qureshi, N; Shaikh, B T

    2007-01-01

    Women's right to health has been reiterated many times. However, there are social and cultural barriers in developing countries that hinder their empowerment. Women's low status, deprivation of education and lack of control over their own lives and bodies have a negative impact on their health status and that of their families. This paper discusses women's empowerment and health within the framework of the 4 institutions of power in a society-family, community, health care systems and the state--with special reference to the situation in Pakistan. It concludes that to improve women's health status, concerted efforts are needed by all these institutions of power to work towards gender equality and the greater empowerment of women. PMID:18341195

  17. Do health literacy and patient empowerment affect self-care behaviour? A survey study among Turkish patients with diabetes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eyüboğlu, Ezgi; Schulz, Peter J

    2016-01-01

    Objective This study aimed to assess the impact of health literacy and patient empowerment on diabetes self-care behaviour in patients in metropolitan Turkish diabetes centres. The conceptual background is provided by the psychological health empowerment model, which holds that health literacy without patient empowerment comes down to wasting health resources, while empowerment without health literacy can lead to dangerous or suboptimal health behaviour. Design, setting and participants A cross-sectional study was conducted with 167 patients over the age of 18 from one of two diabetes clinics in a major Turkish City. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to eligible outpatients who had an appointment in one of the clinics. Health literacy was measured by a newly translated Turkish version of the Short Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (S-TOFHLA) and the Chew self-report scale. Patient empowerment was measured by a 12-item scale based on Spreitzer's conceptualisation of psychological empowerment in the workplace. Self-care behaviour was measured by the Self-care behaviours were measured by the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities Measure (SDSCA). Level of diabetes knowledge was measured by Diabetes Knowledge Test. Results Two subscales of empowerment, impact and self-determination, predicted self-reported frequency of self-care behaviours. Neither health literacy nor diabetes knowledge had an effect on self-care behaviours. Conclusions Health literacy might be more effective in clinical decisions while empowerment might exert a stronger influence on habitual health behaviours. PMID:26975936

  18. Best Practices for Mental Health in Child Welfare: Parent Support and Youth Empowerment Guidelines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romanelli, Lisa Hunter; Hoagwood, Kimberly E.; Kaplan, Sandra J.; Kemp, Susan P.; Hartman, Robert L.; Trupin, Casey; Soto, Wilfredo; Pecora, Peter J.; LaBarrie, Theresa L.; Jensen, Peter S.

    2009-01-01

    This paper, the second in a series of two guideline papers emerging from the 2007 Best Practices for Mental Health in Child Welfare Consensus Conference, provides an overview of the key issues related to parent support and youth empowerment in child welfare and presents consensus guidelines in these important areas. The paper also discusses some…

  19. Economic status, education and empowerment: implications for maternal health service utilization in developing countries.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saifuddin Ahmed

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Relative to the attention given to improving the quality of and access to maternal health services, the influence of women's socio-economic situation on maternal health care use has received scant attention. The objective of this paper is to examine the relationship between women's economic, educational and empowerment status, introduced as the 3Es, and maternal health service utilization in developing countries. METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The analysis uses data from the most recent Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in 31 countries for which data on all the 3Es are available. Separate logistic regression models are fitted for modern contraceptive use, antenatal care and skilled birth attendance in relation to the three covariates of interest: economic, education and empowerment status, additionally controlling for women's age and residence. We use meta-analysis techniques to combine and summarize results from multiple countries. The 3Es are significantly associated with utilization of maternal health services. The odds of having a skilled attendant at delivery for women in the poorest wealth quintile are 94% lower than that for women in the highest wealth quintile and almost 5 times higher for women with complete primary education relative to those less educated. The likelihood of using modern contraception and attending four or more antenatal care visits are 2.01 and 2.89 times, respectively, higher for women with complete primary education than for those less educated. Women with the highest empowerment score are between 1.31 and 1.82 times more likely than those with a null empowerment score to use modern contraception, attend four or more antenatal care visits and have a skilled attendant at birth. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Efforts to expand maternal health service utilization can be accelerated by parallel investments in programs aimed at poverty eradication (MDG 1, universal primary education (MDG 2, and women

  20. The Process of Patient Empowerment in Integrative Health Coaching: How Does it Happen?

    OpenAIRE

    Caldwell, Karen L.; Gray, Jennifer; Wolever, Ruth Q.

    2013-01-01

    Emerging healthcare delivery models suggest that patients benefit from being engaged in their care. Integrative health coaching (IHC) is designed to be a systematic, collaborative, and solution-focused process that facilitates the enhancement of life experience and goal attainment regarding health, but little research is available to describe the mechanisms through which empowerment occurs in the health coaching process. The purpose of this qualitative study is to describe apparent key compon...

  1. Empowerment, Leadership, and Sustainability in a Faith-Based Partnership to Improve Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Staci; Patterson, Leslie; Wolff, Marie; Greer, Yvonne; Wynne, Nancy

    2015-12-01

    Community-based participatory research is a noted approach for improving community health and reducing health disparities. Community partnerships can serve as a catalyst for change in public health efforts. This article will apply empowerment theory and sustainability principles to an existing faith-based partnership. BRANCH Out is a partnership among 13 African American churches, the City of Milwaukee Health Department - Community Nutrition, and the Medical College of Wisconsin. The partnership goal was to change inaccurate perceptions, knowledge and negative attitudes, and behaviors about chronic disease and promote healthy youth leadership. Faith-based empowerment can occur at the individual, organizational, and community level. BRANCH Out demonstrates how partnerships can be sustained in multiple ways. The partnership also highlights the unique contributions of churches to community health outcomes. PMID:26668847

  2. Health literacy and patient empowerment: separating con-joined twins in the context of chronic low back pain.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne-Linda Camerini

    Full Text Available While health literacy has been widely considered key to patient empowerment, an alternative approach separates both concepts and distinguishes between different types of patients according to their levels of health literacy and empowerment. These types are deemed to vary in their health-related actions and outcomes. In this study, we examine the relationship between health literacy and patient empowerment and compare socio-demographic characteristics, health-related activities, and health outcomes in four types of patients suffering from chronic low back pain (cLBP.In a cross-sectional study, 273 cLBP patients from four Swiss cantons (Vaud, Geneva, Fribourg, Ticino and Lombardy (Italy were invited by their healthcare providers to complete a self-administered paper-and-pencil questionnaire which assessed patients' health literacy, empowerment, involvement in the medical encounter, medication non-adherence, and perceived pain and functionality as a measure of health outcomes.Health literacy and patient empowerment were not significantly correlated with each other, r(271 = .09, p > .05, allowing to differentiate between four types of patients based on their levels of health literacy and patient empowerment. Subsequent chi-square tests and analyses of variances revealed significant differences among patients that could, however, only be attributed to health literacy, as in the case of age and educational attainment, or patient empowerment, as in the case of patients' involvement in the medical encounter. No significant differences were evident for gender, medication non-adherence, and health outcomes.The study provides empirical evidence for the need to consider health literacy and patient empowerment as independent concepts in the context of cLBP but calls for further studies to be able to conclude on how the two concepts interact and determine health-related activities and outcomes.

  3. Barriers of Health News Producers’ Empowerment: A Qualitative Study in Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahnaz Ashoorkhani

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Studies show that raising news producers’ knowledge and skills are influential and necessary for promoting the quality of health news. This study aimed to investigate the barriers to implementing empowerment programs for news producers and to identify their respective solutions. Methods: In this qualitative content analysis the opinion of 14 journalists, one translator, 10 editors or editors-in-chief of health news agencies were gathered through 12 in-depth interviews and 4 focus group discussions. Purposive sampling was done and interviews continued up to the point of saturation. Data were analyzed with Open Code software. Results: The barriers to the implementation of empowerment programs were identified as: a individual factors, b deficiency of certain facilitators, and c organizational and macro policymakings. Various solutions were suggested for the barriers respectively. Conclusion: The implementation of empowerment programs for news producers requires a system approach toward its determinant factors. This will be more likely if measures at other concerned levels are also taken. Creating incentives on behalf of the news-producing organizations can also contribute to this end and create a suitable context for news producers. Training and empowerment alone will not be sufficient.

  4. Behavior Change or Empowerment: On the Ethics of Health-Promotion Goals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tengland, Per-Anders

    2016-03-01

    One important ethical issue for health promotion and public health work is to determine what the goals for these practices should be. This paper will try to clarify what some of these goals are thought to be, and what they ought to be. It will specifically discuss two different approaches to health promotion, such as, behavior change and empowerment. The general aim of this paper is, thus, to compare the behavior-change approach and the empowerment approach, concerning their immediate (instrumental) goals or aims, and to morally evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of these two goal models, in relation to the ultimate goal of health promotion. The investigation shows that the behavior-change approach has several moral problems. First of all, it is overly paternalistic and often disregards the individual's or group's own perception of what is important-something that also increases the risk of failed interventions. Furthermore, it risks leading to 'victim blaming' and stigmatization, and to increased inequalities in health, and it puts focus on the 'wrong' problems, i.e., behavior instead of the 'causes of the causes'. It is thereafter shown that the empowerment approach does not have any of these problems. Finally, some specific problems for the empowerment approach are discussed and resolved, such as, the idea that empowering some groups might lead to power over others, the objection that the focus is not primarily on health (which it should be), and the fact that empowered people might choose to live lives that risk reducing their health. PMID:24100936

  5. Measuring Staff Empowerment Regarding Health Care for Clients with Intellectual Disabilities

    OpenAIRE

    Joanne Wilkinson; Greenwood, Nechama W.; Claire Tienwey Wang; White, Laura F.; Larry Culpepper

    2014-01-01

    Background. Women with intellectual disabilities (ID) contract breast cancer at the same rate as the general population but have higher breast cancer mortality and lower rates of breast cancer screening. Many women with ID live in group homes or supported residences where they are cared for by direct support workers. While direct support workers are thought to influence client health, this effect is underresearched, and we lack tools for measuring staff empowerment and perceptions regarding c...

  6. Responsive Consumerism: Empowerment in Markets for Health Plans

    OpenAIRE

    Elbel, Brian; Schlesinger, Mark

    2009-01-01

    Context: American health policy is increasingly relying on consumerism to improve its performance. This article examines a neglected aspect of medical consumerism: the extent to which consumers respond to problems with their health plans.

  7. An empowerment health education program for children undergoing surgery for congenital heart diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ni, Zhihong; Chao, Yannfen; Xue, Xiaoling

    2016-09-01

    Since the surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD) is considered highly risky, appropriate postoperative care is crucial. After the surgery, children are often discharged with unhealed wounds, incomplete recovery, and continuing pain. Health education programs based on empowerment education model can assist clients to develop skills in self-management. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of an empowerment health education program for improving caregiving knowledge, caring behaviors, and self-efficacy of parents caring for children after corrective surgery for CHD. This prospective clinical trial enrolled pediatric patients undergoing surgical correction for CHD. Patients were divided into two groups: the control group (n = 42), which received the standard education program, and the intervention group (n = 44), which participated in the empowerment theory-based education program. We collected data on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF); peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2); New York Heart Association classification of the patients; and the parents' caregiving knowledge, caring behaviors, and self-efficacy before surgery and one month and three months after surgery. At one month and three months after surgery, the intervention group scored higher than the control group in caregiving knowledge, caring behavior, and self-efficacy. By the third month after surgery, the intervention group had significantly higher values of LVEF and SpO2 than the control group. PMID:26105060

  8. Young People's Perspectives on Health: Empowerment, or Risk?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spencer, Grace

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: Research to date has identified young people's perspectives on a number of health-related topics such as smoking, alcohol, sexual health, physical activity and healthy eating. Whilst this body of research draws important attention towards young people's views on topical health concerns, it arguably remains located within a pre-defined…

  9. Communicating Empowerment through Education: Learning about Women’s Health in Chatelaine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heather McIntosh

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available To understand the ways in which Canadian women’s health knowledge is influenced by media texts, this paper explores the presentation of women’s health in Canada’s longest running women’s magazine, Chatelaine. Reflections on the positioning of women’s bodies in Canadian society are explored to understand the evolution of the discussion of women’s bodies throughout the 20th century. Perspectives on power, the body, and sexuality are traced to understand more recent discussions on women’s health in the Canadian public sphere. Feminist theorizing on the evolution and emergence of the modern female body in Western society is relied upon to obtain contemporary perspectives on women’s bodies and health. To study the ways in which such themes are presented in Chatelaine, a content analysis guided by frame theory is used to examine the ways in which Chatelaine frames information pertaining to women’s health from 1928 to 2010. Findings demonstrate Chatelaine’s growth in women’s health content, as evidenced in the increase in the volume of health content in the magazine and the sophistication and diversification of discussions on women’s bodies and wellness. It is suggested that Chatelaine’s dedication to the coverage of women’s health aids in the empowerment of women, as knowledge about their bodies and wellness is an essential tool necessary for bodily empowerment and female autonomy.

  10. Adopting customers' empowerment and social networks to encourage participations in e-health services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anshari, Muhammad; Almunawar, Mohammad Nabil; Low, Patrick Kim Cheng; Wint, Zaw; Younis, Mustafa Z

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this article is to present an e-health model that embeds empowerment and social network intervention that may extend the role of customers in health care settings. A 25-item Likert-type survey instrument was specifically developed for this study and administered to a sample of 108 participants in Indonesia from October to November 2012. The data were analyzed to provide ideas on how to move forward with the e-health initiative as a means to improve e-health services. The survey revealed that there is a high demand for customers' empowerment and involvement in social networks to improve their health literacy and customer satisfaction. Regardless of the limitations of the study, the participants have responded with great support for the abilities of the prototype systems drawn from the survey. The survey results were used as requirements to develop a system prototype that incorporates the expectations of the people. The prototype (namely Clinic 2.0) was derived from the model and confirmed from the survey. Participants were selected to use the system for three months, after which we measured its impact towards their health literacy and customer satisfaction. The results show that the system intervention through Clinic 2.0 leads to a high level of customer satisfaction and health literacy. PMID:24551960

  11. An empowerment-based approach to developing innovative e-health tools for self-management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alpay, Laurence; van der Boog, Paul; Dumaij, Adrie

    2011-12-01

    E-health is seen as an important technological tool in achieving self-management; however, there is little evidence of how effective e-health is for self-management. Example tools remain experimental and there is limited knowledge yet about the design, use, and effects of this class of tools. By way of introducing a new view on the development of e-health tools dedicated to self-management we aim to contribute to the discussion for further research in this area. Our assumption is that patient empowerment is an important mechanism of e-health self-management and we suggest incorporating it within the development of self-management tools. Important components of empowerment selected from literature are: communication, education and health literacy, information, self-care, decision aids and contact with fellow patients. All components require skills of both patients and the physicians. In this discussion paper we propose how the required skills can be used to specify effective self-management tools. PMID:22193825

  12. Family health advocacy: an empowerment model for pregnant and parenting African American women in rural communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baffour, Tiffany D; Jones, Maurine A; Contreras, Linda K

    2006-01-01

    The model of family health advocacy built firmly upon principles of empowerment theory seeks to help individuals, families, and communities to improve their circumstances by incorporating multiple levels of intervention. The goal of family health advocacy is to improve the well-being of pregnant women and mothers of children younger than 2 years by providing social support and health education about risk factors related to infant mortality and prematurity. This program primarily targets rural African American women, a group at high risk. Advocacy and referral for needed medical and social services are provided. This article presents a comprehensive model of health advocacy, including social marketing strategies, recruitment efforts, and curriculum development. PMID:16775472

  13. The Application of Behavior Change Theory to Family-Based Services: Improving Parent Empowerment in Children's Mental Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olin, S. Serene; Hoagwood, Kimberly E.; Rodriguez, James; Ramos, Belinda; Burton, Geraldine; Penn, Marlene; Crowe, Maura; Radigan, Marleen; Jensen, Peter S.

    2010-01-01

    We describe the development of a parent empowerment program (PEP) using a community-based participatory research approach. In collaboration with a group of dedicated family advocates working with the Mental Health Association of New York City and state policy makers, academic researchers took an iterative approach to crafting and refining PEP to…

  14. Patient Satisfaction, Empowerment, and Health and Disability Status Effects of a Disease Management-Health Promotion Nurse Intervention among Medicare Beneficiaries with Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedman, Bruce; Wamsley, Brenda R.; Liebel, Dianne V.; Saad, Zabedah B.; Eggert, Gerald M.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: To report the impact on patient and informal caregiver satisfaction, patient empowerment, and health and disability status of a primary care-affiliated disease self-management-health promotion nurse intervention for Medicare beneficiaries with disabilities and recent significant health services use. Design and Methods: The Medicare…

  15. Testing for the Endogenous Nature between Women’s Empowerment and Antenatal Health Care Utilization: Evidence from a Cross-Sectional Study in Egypt

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Women's relative lack of decision-making power and their unequal access to employment, finances, education, basic health care, and other resources are considered to be the root causes of their ill-health and that of their children. The main purpose of this paper is to examine the interactive relation between women's empowerment and the use of maternal health care. Two model specifications are tested. One assumes no correlation between empowerment and antenatal care while the second specificat...

  16. DIMENSIONS OF WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT AND THEIR INFLUENCE ON THE UTILIZATION OF MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES IN AN EGYPTIAN VILLAGE: A MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS

    OpenAIRE

    Kawaguchi, Leo; ABDEL MONEIM FOUAD, NAWAL; CHIANG, CHIFA; HELMY HASSAN ELSHAIR, INASS; MAHMOUD ABDOU, NAGAH; RIZK EL BANNA, SANEYA; Aoyama, Atsuko

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRACT This study investigated the association between women’s empowerment and the utilization of maternal health services by women in Egypt and analyzed the dimensions of women’s empowerment that are associated with increased health service utilization. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a village in Egypt in November 2007. A total of 189 women, who had ever been married and had at least one child, were interviewed to collect data on the utilization of maternal health services, such...

  17. Empowerment of women and mental health promotion: a qualitative study in rural Maharashtra, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    White Joshua

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The global burden of mental illness is high and opportunities for promoting mental health are neglected in most parts of the world. Many people affected by mental illness live in developing countries, where treatment and care options are limited. In this context, primary health care (PHC programs can indirectly promote mental health by addressing its determinants i.e. by enhancing social unity, minimising discrimination and generating income opportunities. The objectives of this study were to: 1. Describe concepts of mental health and beliefs about determinants of mental health and illness among women involved with a PHC project in rural Maharashtra, India; 2. Identify perceived mental health problems in this community, specifically depression, suicide and violence, their perceived causes, and existing and potential community strategies to respond to them and; 3. Investigate the impact of the PHC program on individual and community factors associated with mental health Method We undertook qualitative in-depth interviews with 32 women associated with the PHC project regarding: their concepts of mental health and its determinants; suicide, depression and violence; and the perceived impact of the PHC project on the determinants of mental health. The interviews were taped, transcribed, translated and thematically analysed. Results Mental health and illness were understood by these women to be the product of cultural and socio-economic factors. Mental health was commonly conceptualised as an absence of stress and the commonest stressors were conflict with husbands and mother-in-laws, domestic violence and poverty. Links between empowerment of women through income generation and education, reduction of discrimination based on caste and sex, and promotion of individual and community mental health were recognised. However, mental health problems such as suicide and violence were well-described by participants. Conclusion While it is

  18. GENDER TILT TO ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION: EFFECT ON WOMEN'S HEALTH, EDUCATION AND EMPOWERMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RUPINDER KAUR

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available With the process of Industrialization, modernization and globalization showing its deep impact on the human society all over the world, the role and responsibilities of women has attained new definition and perspective. Women's security, decision-making power and mobility are three indicators for women's empowerment. In India, and more so for rural and less educated women, these three indicators are significantly low. The impact of environmental degradation hits women, particularly the rural and urban poor, far more than it hits men. It impacts negatively their health, income generating options, education and even domestic life. There is also a critical gender dimension, women and female children being the ones most adversely affected by environmental degradation. It has been found that resource scarcity forces women to spend long hours collecting the basic necessities of life. Improved natural resource management, which reduces resource scarcity, could significantly free up women's time and could allow women to have paid employment and education. This paper is an attempt to assess impact of environmental degradation on overall health status of women and emphasizes the need for mainstreaming natural resource management programs that focus on poverty alleviation and gender equality.

  19. Multivariate determinants of self-management in Health Care: assessing Health Empowerment Model by comparison between structural equation and graphical models approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filippo Trentini

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Backgroung. In public health one debated issue is related to consequences of improper self-management in health care.  Some theoretical models have been proposed in Health Communication theory which highlight how components such general literacy and specific knowledge of the disease might be very important for effective actions in healthcare system.  Methods. This  paper aims at investigating the consistency of Health Empowerment Model by means of both graphical models approach, which is a “data driven” method and a Structural Equation Modeling (SEM approach, which is instead “theory driven”, showing the different information pattern that can be revealed in a health care research context.The analyzed dataset provides data on the relationship between the Health Empowerment Model constructs and the behavioral and health status in 263 chronic low back pain (cLBP patients. We used the graphical models approach to evaluate the dependence structure in a “blind” way, thus learning the structure from the data.Results. From the estimation results dependence structure confirms links design assumed in SEM approach directly from researchers, thus validating the hypotheses which generated the Health Empowerment Model constructs.Conclusions. This models comparison helps in avoiding confirmation bias. In Structural Equation Modeling, we used SPSS AMOS 21 software. Graphical modeling algorithms were implemented in a R software environment.

  20. Conceptualising patient empowerment: a mixed methods study

    OpenAIRE

    Bravo, P.; Edwards, A.; Barr, P J; Scholl, I.; Elwyn, G; McAllister, M

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: In recent years, interventions and health policy programmes have been established to promote patient empowerment, with a particular focus on patients affected by long-term conditions. However, a clear definition of patient empowerment is lacking, making it difficult to assess effectiveness of interventions designed to promote it. The aim in this study was to develop a conceptual map of patient empowerment, including components of patient empowerment and relationships with other co...

  1. Cardiovascular Risk Reduction for African-American Men through Health Empowerment and Anger Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephens, Torrance; Braithwaite, Harold; Johnson, Larry; Harris, Catrell; Katkowsky, Steven; Troutman, Adewale

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To examine impact of CVD risk reduction intervention for African-American men in the Atlanta Empowerment Zone (AEZ) designed to target anger management. Design: Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test was employed as a non-parametric alternative to the t-test for independent samples. This test was employed because the data used in this analysis…

  2. Growing Empowerment

    OpenAIRE

    Aharon, Roee; Christensen, Anne-Louise; Ebbesen, Nina; Hansen, Nanna

    2012-01-01

    Community gardening holds potential for empowerment of the individuals and community groups which could possibly diffuse into social change consistent with the aims of the groups. The framework for this is shaped by relations with Formal Institutional Structures (FIS) on which there is little academic attention. Wishing to investigate the relation between empowerment and connection to FIS we qualitatively investigate a selection of community gardens in the UK using narrative-style interviews ...

  3. Empowerment como forma de prevenção de problemas de saúde em trabalhadores de abatedouros Empowerment as a way to prevent work-related health conditions in slaughterhouse workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Tavolaro

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do artigo foi ressaltar a necessidade de esforços educativos que visem ao empowerment de funcionários de abatedouros, baseado nos principais problemas de saúde por eles enfrentados. A rotina em abatedouros consiste em tarefas estressantes e cansativas. As conseqüências incluem problemas músculo-esqueléticos, transmissão de zoonoses, problemas de pele e acidentes com materiais pérfuro-cortantes e animais. Esses trabalhadores geralmente não são especializados, não têm controle sobre suas tarefas, e podem não estar conscientes dos determinantes que afetam sua saúde. Os veterinários são geralmente responsáveis pela rotina de trabalho nesses locais e conhecem os riscos à saúde que a execução dessas tarefas representam. Portanto, esses profissionais poderiam participar mais ativamente na educação para o empowerment dos trabalhadores e não se concentrarem apenas em questões referentes à segurança alimentar.The objective of the review was to emphasize the need for educational efforts aiming at the empowerment of slaughterhouse workers based on their major work-related conditions. Slaughterhouse work involves stressful and tiring tasks. These workers suffer from serious occupational injuries and health problems including musculoskeletal disorders, zoonoses, skin conditions and injuries related to animals and sharp instruments. Slaughterhouse workers are generally low-skill staff, have no control over their job tasks and may not be aware of the determinants affecting their health. While working for the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture, veterinarians are greatly responsible for the work routine in slaughterhouses and are aware of health risks involved in these workers' job. Besides focusing their activities on food safety, veterinarians they should take an active role in educating slaughterhouse workers for their empowerment.

  4. GENDER TILT TO ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION: EFFECT ON WOMEN'S HEALTH, EDUCATION AND EMPOWERMENT

    OpenAIRE

    RUPINDER KAUR; DEEPIKA VIG

    2013-01-01

    With the process of Industrialization, modernization and globalization showing its deep impact on the human society all over the world, the role and responsibilities of women has attained new definition and perspective. Women's security, decision-making power and mobility are three indicators for women's empowerment. In India, and more so for rural and less educated women, these three indicators are significantly low. The impact of environmental degradation hits women, particularly the rural ...

  5. 新媒体赋权:健康传播的机遇与挑战%New Media Empowerment:Opportunities and Challenges for Health Communication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋艳丽; 房姗

    2015-01-01

    As a practical social research, new media empowerment can solve the real problem of health communication——By virtue of new media technology,Audience can convenient to obtain health information, develop positive health awareness and promote more equal communication between doctors and patients, so as to realize the individual's health empowerment and Influence public health policy as well as achieve the the ul⁃timate goal of improving the audience’s health literacy comprehensively. New media empowerment health communication not only have the possibility of combining with reality, also faced with a series of problems. This paper focuses on the opportunities and challenges of the new media empowerment health communication and analyzed the meaning and strategy of new media empowerment health communication.%新媒体赋权作为一种实践性的社会研究,在很大程度上可以解决健康传播中存在的现实问题——通过新媒体的技术优势赋予受众通过新媒体主动获得健康信息、发展积极的健康意识,促进医患之间更加平等的对话与交流,从而在有效实现个体健康赋权的同时,以集体的方式影响公共健康政策、实现赋权健康传播的终极目标,即全面提高受众健康素养。新媒体赋权健康传播既具有现实结合的可能性,也面临着一系列问题,需要有针对性地加以解决。

  6. New Media Empowerment:Opportunities and Challenges for Health Communication%新媒体赋权:健康传播的机遇与挑战

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋艳丽; 房姗

    2015-01-01

    As a practical social research, new media empowerment can solve the real problem of health communication——By virtue of new media technology,Audience can convenient to obtain health information, develop positive health awareness and promote more equal communication between doctors and patients, so as to realize the individual's health empowerment and Influence public health policy as well as achieve the the ul⁃timate goal of improving the audience’s health literacy comprehensively. New media empowerment health communication not only have the possibility of combining with reality, also faced with a series of problems. This paper focuses on the opportunities and challenges of the new media empowerment health communication and analyzed the meaning and strategy of new media empowerment health communication.%新媒体赋权作为一种实践性的社会研究,在很大程度上可以解决健康传播中存在的现实问题——通过新媒体的技术优势赋予受众通过新媒体主动获得健康信息、发展积极的健康意识,促进医患之间更加平等的对话与交流,从而在有效实现个体健康赋权的同时,以集体的方式影响公共健康政策、实现赋权健康传播的终极目标,即全面提高受众健康素养。新媒体赋权健康传播既具有现实结合的可能性,也面临着一系列问题,需要有针对性地加以解决。

  7. Testing for the endogenous nature between women's empowerment and antenatal health care utilization: evidence from a cross-sectional study in Egypt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaky, Hassan H M; Armanious, Dina M; Hussein, Mohamed Ali

    2014-01-01

    Women's relative lack of decision-making power and their unequal access to employment, finances, education, basic health care, and other resources are considered to be the root causes of their ill-health and that of their children. The main purpose of this paper is to examine the interactive relation between women's empowerment and the use of maternal health care. Two model specifications are tested. One assumes no correlation between empowerment and antenatal care while the second specification allows for correlation. Both the univariate and the recursive bivariate probit models are tested. The data used in this study is EDHS 2008. Factor Analysis Technique is also used to construct some of the explanatory variables such as the availability and quality of health services indicators. The findings show that women's empowerment and receiving regular antenatal care are simultaneously determined and the recursive bivariate probit is a better approximation to the relationship between them. Women's empowerment has significant and positive impact on receiving regular antenatal care. The availability and quality of health services do significantly increase the likelihood of receiving regular antenatal care. PMID:25140310

  8. Testing for the Endogenous Nature between Women’s Empowerment and Antenatal Health Care Utilization: Evidence from a Cross-Sectional Study in Egypt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassan H. M. Zaky

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Women’s relative lack of decision-making power and their unequal access to employment, finances, education, basic health care, and other resources are considered to be the root causes of their ill-health and that of their children. The main purpose of this paper is to examine the interactive relation between women’s empowerment and the use of maternal health care. Two model specifications are tested. One assumes no correlation between empowerment and antenatal care while the second specification allows for correlation. Both the univariate and the recursive bivariate probit models are tested. The data used in this study is EDHS 2008. Factor Analysis Technique is also used to construct some of the explanatory variables such as the availability and quality of health services indicators. The findings show that women’s empowerment and receiving regular antenatal care are simultaneously determined and the recursive bivariate probit is a better approximation to the relationship between them. Women’s empowerment has significant and positive impact on receiving regular antenatal care. The availability and quality of health services do significantly increase the likelihood of receiving regular antenatal care.

  9. Parents as Teachers Health Literacy Demonstration project: integrating an empowerment model of health literacy promotion into home-based parent education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carroll, Lauren N; Smith, Sandra A; Thomson, Nicole R

    2015-03-01

    The Parents as Teachers (PAT) Health Literacy Demonstration project assessed the impact of integrating data-driven reflective practices into the PAT home visitation model to promote maternal health literacy. PAT is a federally approved Maternal, Infant, Early Childhood Home Visiting program with the goal of promoting school readiness and healthy child development. This 2-year demonstration project used an open-cohort longitudinal design to promote parents' interactive and reflective skills, enhance health education, and provide direct assistance to personalize and act on information by integrating an empowerment paradigm into PAT's parent education model. Eight parent educators used the Life Skills Progression instrument to tailor the intervention to each of 103 parent-child dyads. Repeated-measures analysis of variance, paired t tests, and logistic regression combined with qualitative data demonstrated that mothers achieved overall significant improvements in health literacy, and that home visitors are important catalysts for these improvements. These findings support the use of an empowerment model of health education, skill building, and direct information support to enable parents to better manage personal and child health and health care. PMID:24957219

  10. School Health Promotion to Increase Empowerment, Gender Equality and Pupil Participation: A Focus Group Study of a Swedish Elementary School Initiative

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gadin, Katja Gillander; Weiner, Gaby; Ahlgren, Christina

    2013-01-01

    A school health promotion project was carried out in an elementary school in Sweden where active participation, gender equality, and empowerment were leading principles. The objective of the study was to understand challenges and to identify social processes of importance for such a project. Focus group interviews were conducted with 6 single-sex…

  11. Realizing empowerment in difficult diabetes care

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zoffmann, Vibeke; Kirkevold, Marit

    2012-01-01

    Although health professionals advocate empowerment in patient care, they often fail to realize it in practice. Through grounded theories we previously explained why barriers to empowerment were seldom overcome in diabetes care. Zoffmann used these theories as a basis for developing a decision-making...... difficulties related to living with diabetes. As signs of empowerment, patients and health professionals accomplished shared decision making, resolved life-disease conflicts, and established meaningful and effective relationships....

  12. A Model for Health Promotion in Rural Communities through the Development of Personal Agency and Intrinsic Empowerment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iwin Leenen

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available ConBased on the program “Yo quiero, yo puedo… mejorar mi salud y ejercer mis derechos” [I want to, I can…improve my health and exercise my rights], a pilot model was designed and implemented in three States of Mexico. This model aims to change nutrition and hygiene behaviors in the inhabitants of marginalized communities, through knowledge and psychosocial skills development facilitating personal agency and intrinsic empowerment. Evaluation of the program showed an effect on knowledge, assertive communication, personal agency and gender equity among the personnel in charge of the warehouses that provide the rural stores, and on knowledge, assertive communication, decision making and personal agency in the target population. Life skills training, knowledge and personal agency promotion enhance opportunities for poverty reduction.

  13. WOMEN EMPOWERMENT IN THE HEALTH HOME OF THE INDIGENOUS WOMEN “MANOS UNIDAS” (“UNITED HANDS”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cynthia Cecilia Carrillo-De la Cruz

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes from a gender perspective, the process of empowerment of indigenous women participating in the Health House "Manos Unidas", located in the Coastal- Mountainous region of Guerrero, Mexico. Research is based on the approach of Rowlands (1997 and focuses on the personal, collective and close relations dimensions in the fields of Leadership and Decision Making. The methodology is based on observation, interviews and accounts of those who were employed as promoters, midwives and/or coordinators in that organization, and living with a partner - Spouse under civil or religious or "cohabitation" Rituals. More than ten years of activities have passed and it is observed a process towards empowering women, who depends heavily on personal and individual experiences, their intervention in the organization and training support from the gender perspective.

  14. Patient Empowerment

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... A Patient’s Perspective Live Living With Kidney Cancer Cancer Nutrition Information (AICR) Emotional Well-Being Patient Empowerment Support ... want to help themselves. Vitamin supplements and good nutrition have a role to play in cancer care. However, large doses of some supplements may ...

  15. Report on the operation of the Forschungs- und Messreaktor Braunschweig (FMRB) for the year 1982

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1982 the Forschungs- und Messreaktor Braunschweig (FMRB) has been in action for 2618 hours without any serious disturbance. The released power for this period amounts to 2507 MWh. The experience in the field of reactor operation, in the radiation protection work as well as in the experiments at the beam tubes is reported. (orig.)

  16. Report on work on the Forschungs- und Messreaktor Braunschweig (FMRB) for the year 1977

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1977 the Forschungs- und Messreaktor Braunschweig (FMRB) has been in action for 3289 hours without any serious disturbance. The experience in the reactor operation, in the radiation protection work as well as in the experiments at the beam tubes is reported. (orig.) 891 UA

  17. A pilot study to evaluate the magnitude of association of the use of electronic personal health records with patient activation and empowerment in HIV-infected veterans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre-Cédric B. Crouch

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The HITECH Act signed into law in 2009 requires hospitals to provide patients with electronic access to their health information through an electronic personal health record (ePHR in order to receive Medicare/Medicaid incentive payments. Little is known about who uses these systems or the impact these systems will have on patient outcomes in HIV care. The health care empowerment model provides rationale for the hypothesis that knowledge from an electronic personal health record can lead to greater patient empowerment resulting in improved outcomes. The objective was to determine the patient characteristics and patient activation, empowerment, satisfaction, knowledge of their CD4, Viral Loads, and antiretroviral medication, and medication adherence outcomes associated with electronic personal health record use in Veterans living with HIV at the San Francisco VA Medical Center. The participants included HIV-Infected Veterans receiving care in a low volume HIV-clinic at the San Francisco VA Medical Center, divided into two groups of users and non-users of electronic personal health records. The research was conducted using in-person surveys either online or on paper and data abstraction from medical records for current anti-retroviral therapy (ART, CD4 count, and plasma HIV-1 viral load. The measures included the Patient Activation Measure, Health Care Empowerment Inventory, ART adherence, provider satisfaction, current CD4 count, current plasma viral load, knowledge of current ART, knowledge of CD4 counts, and knowledge of viral load. In all, 40 participants were recruited. The use of electronic personal health records was associated with significantly higher levels of patient activation and levels of patient satisfaction for getting timely appointments, care, and information. ePHR was also associated with greater proportions of undetectable plasma HIV-1 viral loads, of knowledge of current CD4 count, and of knowledge of current viral load. The

  18. "When We Learn Better, We Do Better": Describing Changes in Empowerment through Photovoice among Community Health Advisors in a Breast and Cervical Cancer Health Promotion Program in Mississippi and Alabama

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayfield-Johnson, Susan; Rachal, John R.; Butler, James, III.

    2014-01-01

    As change agents in the community, community health advisors (CHAs) are a viable solution to bridge the gap between health service delivery systems and the community. With many CHAs members of the underserved and minority populations they serve, change and empowerment experienced by CHAs should be documented. This phenomenological study describes…

  19. Preliminary support for the construct of health care empowerment in the context of treatment for human immunodeficiency virus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sevelius JM

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Mallory O Johnson, Jeanne M Sevelius, Samantha E Dilworth, Parya Saberi, Torsten B NeilandsDepartment of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USABackground: The Model of Health Care Empowerment (HCE defines HCE as the process and state of being engaged, informed, collaborative, committed, and tolerant of uncertainty regarding health care. We examined the hypothesized antecedents and clinical outcomes of this model using data from ongoing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-related research. The purpose of this paper is to explore whether a new measure of HCE offers direction for understanding patient engagement in HIV medical care. Using data from two ongoing trials of social and behavioral aspects of HIV treatment, we examined preliminary support for hypothesized clinical outcomes and antecedents of HCE in the context of HIV treatment.Methods: This was a cross-sectional analysis of 12-month data from study 1 (a longitudinal cohort study of male couples in which one or both partners are HIV-seropositive and taking HIV medications and 6-month data from study 2, a randomized controlled trial of HIV-seropositive persons not on antiretroviral therapy at baseline despite meeting guidelines for treatment. From studies 1 and 2, 254 and 148 participants were included, respectively. Hypothesized antecedents included cultural/social/environmental factors (demographics, HIV-related stigma, personal resources (social problem-solving, treatment knowledge and beliefs, treatment decision-making, shared decision-making, decisional balance, assertive communication, trust in providers, personal knowledge by provider, social support, and intrapersonal factors (depressive symptoms, positive/negative affect, and perceived stress. Hypothesized clinical outcomes of HCE included primary care appointment attendance, antiretroviral therapy use, adherence self-efficacy, medication adherence, CD4+ cell count, and HIV viral load.Results: Although there was

  20. Conceptualizing Organizational Domains of Community Empowerment through Empowerment Evaluation in Estonian Communities

    OpenAIRE

    Anu Kasmel; Pernille Tanggaard

    2011-01-01

    The importance of community empowerment has been strongly emphasized in health promotion publications in Western societies. Only a few studies exist to highlight the empowerment processes in countries in transition in Eastern Europe. A multi-stage study was designed to develop a context-specific survey instrument appropriate for evaluating the changes in the community empowerment process within the context of health promotion programs in Rapla, Estonia. The current study comprises the first s...

  1. Women’s empowerment and male involvement in antenatal care: analyses of Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) in selected African countries

    OpenAIRE

    Jennings, Larissa; Na, Muzi; Cherewick, Megan; Hindin, Michelle; Mullany, Britta; Ahmed, Saifuddin

    2014-01-01

    Background Increasing women’s status and male involvement are important strategies in reducing preventable maternal morbidity and mortality. While efforts to both empower women and engage men in maternal health care-seeking can work synergistically, in practice they may result in opposing processes and outcomes. This study examines whether a woman’s empowerment status, in sum and across economic, socio-familial, and legal dimensions, is associated with male partner accompaniment to antenatal ...

  2. Participation and Empowerment? Health Promotion for Youth at the Community Level

    OpenAIRE

    Skogli, Kristin

    2003-01-01

    During the past few decades there has been a renewed awareness of the need for health promotion internationally. The World Health Organisations’ strategies for health promotion have also influenced the Norwegian policy. Seeing health not only as the absence of disease, but as a state of physical and mental well-being, calls for a collective health-responsibility beyond the reach of any health-sector. Socio-economic and environmental factors beyond individual control are given much attention. ...

  3. Interdisciplinary Information Design with an Empowerment Strategy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barlach, Anders; Engberg, Axel; Pallesen, Bodil

    2006-01-01

    An innovative research into a model for ICT enabled Empowerment. By deliberate use of ICT and a feedback-focused communication model in a prototyping process, e-health information based on an empowerment strategy is evaluated. Overall a risk-driven spiral model is applied for Progress...

  4. From Power to Safety and Respect: the Changing Meaning of Empowerment in women’s reproductive health care in the U.S

    OpenAIRE

    Ayse Dayı

    2009-01-01

    The U.S. Women's Health Movement (WHM), which was launched in the late 1960s and early 1970s, aimed to decrease the medicalization of women’s reproductive lives and increase women’s control over their bodies and health. Its main aim was to empower women in health services. Addressing the gap in the literature on the in-depth exploration of empowerment as it relates to the movement and as perceived by the women receiving reproductive care, I conducted a study between 2001 and 2002 that investi...

  5. Empowerment: a conceptual discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tengland, Per-Anders

    2008-06-01

    The concept of 'empowerment' is used frequently in a number of professional areas, from psychotherapy to social work. But even if the same term is used, it is not always clear if the concept denotes the same goals or the same practice in these various fields. The purpose of this paper is to clarify the discussion and to find a plausible and useful definition of the concept that is suitable for work in various professions. Several suggestions are discussed in the paper, for example control over life or health, autonomy, ability, self-efficacy, self-esteem, and freedom, and it is concluded that there are two plausible complementary uses, one as a goal and one as a process or approach. Empowerment as a goal is to have control over the determinants of one's quality of life, and empowerment as a process is to create a professional relation where the client or community takes control over the change process, determining both the goals of this process and the means to use. PMID:17985247

  6. La Palabra Es Salud: A Comparative Study of the Effectiveness of Popular Education vs. Traditional Education for Enhancing Health Knowledge and Skills and Increasing Empowerment among Parish-Based Community Health Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiggins, Noelle

    2010-01-01

    Popular education is a mode of teaching and learning which seeks to bring about more equitable social conditions by creating settings in which people can identify and solve their own problems. While the public health literature offers evidence to suggest that popular education is an effective strategy for increasing empowerment and improving…

  7. An empowerment-based approach to developing innovative e-health tools for self-management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alpay, L.; Boog, P. van der; Dumaij, A.

    2011-01-01

    E-health is seen as an important technological tool in achieving self-management; however, there is little evidence of how effective e-health is for self-management. Example tools remain experimental and there is limited knowledge yet about the design, use, and effects of this class of tools. By way

  8. Exploring socio-cultural factors that mediate, facilitate, & constrain the health and empowerment of refugee youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edge, Sara; Newbold, K Bruce; McKeary, Marie

    2014-09-01

    Studies on youth health and well-being are predominantly quantitative and expert-driven with less attention given to how youth understand what it means to be healthy themselves and the role of socio-cultural factors in shaping this. Knowledge on the perceptions and experiences of refugee youth is particularly lacking and notable given their unique stressors related to migratory, settlement and integration experiences. We contribute a better understanding of how refugee youth themselves define and contextualize health, with particular emphasis given to socio-cultural factors that enable or constrain health promotion efforts and individual health agency. This research was undertaken at a downtown drop-in centre in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada that provided settlement and integration services to newcomer youth. We employ a grounded theory approach and draw upon participant observation, focus groups and in-depth interviews. Twenty-six youth (age 18-25 years), representing 12 different countries of origin participated. The youth defined health very broadly touching upon many typical determinants of health (e.g. education, income, etc.). Yet factors of most importance (as demonstrated by the frequency and urgency in which they were discussed by youth) included a sense of belonging, positive self-identity, emotional well-being, and sense of agency or self-determination. We conceptualize these as "mediating" factors given the youth argued they enabled or constrained their ability to cope with adversities related to other health determinant categories. The youth also discussed what we interpret as "facilitators" that encourage mediating factors to manifest positively (e.g. informal, non-biomedical settings and programs that nurture trust, break down access barriers, and promote a sense of community amongst peers, mentors, and health professionals). When creating health promotion strategies for refugee youth (and perhaps youth more generally) it is important to understand the

  9. Women’s well-being and reproductive health in Indian mining community: need for empowerment

    OpenAIRE

    D’Souza, Melba Sheila; Karkada, Subrahmanya Nairy; Somayaji, Ganesha; Venkatesaperumal, Ramesh

    2013-01-01

    This paper is a qualitative study of women’s well-being and reproductive health status among married women in mining communities in India. An exploratory qualitative research design was conducted using purposive sampling among 40 selected married women in a rural Indian mining community. Ethical permission was obtained from Goa University. A semi-structured indepth interview guide was used to gather women’s experiences and perceptions regarding well-being and reproductive health in 2010. Thes...

  10. Women's well-being and reproductive health in Indian mining community: need for empowerment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Souza, Melba Sheila; Karkada, Subrahmanya Nairy; Somayaji, Ganesha; Venkatesaperumal, Ramesh

    2013-01-01

    This paper is a qualitative study of women's well-being and reproductive health status among married women in mining communities in India. An exploratory qualitative research design was conducted using purposive sampling among 40 selected married women in a rural Indian mining community. Ethical permission was obtained from Goa University. A semi-structured indepth interview guide was used to gather women's experiences and perceptions regarding well-being and reproductive health in 2010. These interviews were audiotaped, transcribed, verified, coded and then analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Early marriage, increased fertility, less birth intervals, son preference and lack of decision-making regarding reproductive health choices were found to affect women's reproductive health. Domestic violence, gender preference, husbands drinking behaviors, and low spousal communication were common experiences considered by women as factors leading to poor quality of marital relationship. Four main themes in confronting women's well-being are poor literacy and mobility, low employment and income generating opportunities, poor reproductive health choices and preferences and poor quality of martial relationships and communication. These determinants of physical, psychological and cultural well-being should be an essential part of nursing assessment in the primary care settings for informed actions. Nursing interventions should be directed towards participatory approach, informed decision making and empowering women towards better health and well-being in the mining community. PMID:23602071

  11. Women’s Empowerment through Self-help Groups and its Impact on Health Issues: Empirical Evidence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Assist. Prof. Sudipta De

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on an empirical study in West Bengal, this paper attempts toexamine whether women’s involvement in the microcredit programmethrough SHGs makes any positive change on women’s empowerment.From the assessment of various criteria of empowerment(power,autonomy and self-reliance, entitlement, participation and awarenessand capacity-building, the study suggests that if women participatingin the microcredit programme through SHGs sustain for some longerperiod (eight years or more, such programme might contribute tohigher level of women’s empowerment than women’s empowermentunder all types of control group. This paper also finds that women’searnings from saving and credit have positive and significant effect onnutritional status of the children of women members of SHGs and onthe protein-intake for their household compared with that of amongcontrol groups.

  12. Narratives of empowerment and compliance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wentzer, Helle; Bygholm, Ann

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: New technologies enable new forms of patient participation in health care. Thearticle discusses whether communication in online patient support groups is a source ofindividual as well as collective empowerment or to be understood within the tradition ofcompliance. The discussion is based...

  13. Toward relational empowerment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christens, Brian D

    2012-09-01

    Psychological empowerment has been theorized as a construct with emotional, behavioral and cognitive components. Yet, many studies have stressed that empowerment processes are contingent on interpersonal relationships. Moreover, theory suggests that power is developed and exercised through relationships. This article makes the case that expanding our conceptions of psychological empowerment through the addition of a relational component can enhance our understanding of psychological empowerment and the effectiveness of empowerment-oriented community practice. Previous research on empowerment is reviewed for relational content, and additional insights into the relational context of empowerment processes are marshaled from other concepts in community research including social capital, sense of community, social networks, social support, and citizen participation. A new iteration of the nomological network for psychological empowerment is presented, including the elements of a relational component. PMID:22094588

  14. Empowerment for the Right to Health: The Use of the "Most Significant Change" Methodology in Monitoring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polet, Fanny; Malaise, Geraldine; Mahieu, Anuschka; Utrera, Eulalia; Montes, Jovita; Tablang, Rosalinda; Aytin, Andrew; Kambale, Erick; Luzala, Sylvie; Al-Ghoul, Daoud; Darkhawaja, Ranin Ahed; Rodriguez, Roxana Maria; Posada, Margarita; De Ceukelaire, Wim; De Vos, Pol

    2015-01-01

    Quantitative evaluations might be insufficient for measuring the impact of interventions promoting the right to health, particularly in their ability to contribute to a greater understanding of processes at the individual, community, and larger population level through which certain results are obtained. This paper discusses the application of a qualitative approach, the "most significant change" (MSC) methodology, in the Philippines, Palestine, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and El Salvador between 2010 and 2013 by Third World Health Aid and its partner organizations. MSC is based on storytelling through which the central question--what changes occurred?--is developed in terms of, "who did what, when, why, and why was it important?" The approach focuses on personal stories that reflect on experiences of change for individuals over time. MSC implementation over several years allowed the organizations to observe significant change, as well as evolving types of change. Participants shifted their stories from "how the programs helped them" and "what they could do to help others benefit from the programs" to "what they could do to help their organizations." The MSC technique is useful as a complement to quantitative methods, as it is a slow, participatory, and intensive endeavor that builds capacity while being applied. This makes MSC a useful monitoring tool for programs with participatory and empowering objectives. PMID:26766863

  15. Health Literacy and the Australian Curriculum for Health and Physical Education: A Marriage of Convenience or a Process of Empowerment?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alfrey, Laura; Brown, Trent D.

    2013-01-01

    The concept of "health literacy" is becoming increasingly prominent internationally, and it has been identified as one of the five key propositions that underpin the forthcoming Australian Curriculum: Health and Physical Education (ACHPE). The ACHPE is one of few national curricula to explicitly refer to health literacy, identifying it…

  16. Empowerment in healthcare policy making: three domains of substantive controversy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiapperino, Luca; Tengland, Per-Anders

    2015-12-01

    This paper distinguishes between the uses of empowerment across different contexts in healthcare policy and health promotion, providing a model for the ethical and political scrutiny of those uses. We argue that the controversies currently engendered by empowerment are better understood by means of a historical distinction between two concepts of empowerment, namely, what we call the radical empowerment approach and the new wave of empowerment. Building on this distinction, we present a research agenda for ethicists and policy makers, highlighting three domains of controversy raised by the new wave of empowerment, namely: (1) the relationship between empowerment and paternalistic interferences on the part of professionals; (2) the evaluative commitment of empowerment strategies to the achievement of health-related goals; and (3) the problems arising from the emphasis on responsibility for health in recent uses of empowerment. Finally, we encourage the explicit theorisation of these moral controversies as a necessary step for the development and implementation of ethically legitimate empowerment processes. PMID:26650538

  17. Fiscal determinants of empowerment

    OpenAIRE

    Raich, Uri

    2005-01-01

    Empowerment of local governments and citizens is a primary object of decentralization. Using the analytic lens of empowerment, the author explores the nature of decentralized governance and how this type of structure is likely to be more or less empowering. His primary concern is fiscal decentralization, specifically the association between fiscal determinants and the degree of empowerment of both citizens and local governments. The author's main argument is that both the revenue and expendit...

  18. Experimental and Numerical Investigations on the Operation of the Hypersonic Ludwieg Tube Braunschweig

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estorf, M.; Wolf, T.; Radespiel, R.

    2005-02-01

    In summer 2003 the Hypersonic Ludwieg Tube Braunschweig (HLB) has been commissioned. It has been designed for Machnumber M = 6. The operative range of the unit Reynoldsnumber is between 3 · 106 1/m and 20 · 106 1/m. The test section has 500 mm diameter and the run time with near steady flow conditions is 80 ms. First measurements of the pitot pressure within the test-section have shown good transverse uniformity, but measurements of the total temperature within the storage tube revealed a strong stratification accompanied by convective flow within the heated section of the tube. In this paper we present recent measures to attenuate the stratification. Measurements of the temperature distribution within the testsection have been performed. Further we compare first results of invisvid numerical simulations of the unsteady onset of flow in the HLB to measured data. Key words: hypersonic flow, Ludwieg tube, flow measurement techniques, numerical flow simulation.

  19. Empowerment in people with COPD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Disler RT

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Rebecca T Disler,1–3 Jessica Appleton,1 Tracy A Smith,4,5 Matthew Hodson,6 Sally C Inglis,1,2 DorAnne Donesky,7 Patricia M Davidson8 1Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, 2Centre for Cardiovascular and Chronic Care, Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, 3Improving Palliative Care through Clinical Trials (ImPACCT, Sydney, 4Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, 5Faculty of Medicine, University of NSW, Sydney, NSW, Australia; 6ACERS, Integrated Medicine and Rehabilitation Services Division, Homerton University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK; 7Department of Physiological Nursing, UCSF School of Nursing, San Francisco, CA, 8School of Nursing, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA Background: Patient empowerment is recognized as an important aspect of chronic disease management. There is an increasing expectation that health providers engage patients as active participants in their own self-management. This engagement is crucial to the chronic care model as patients with COPD and their families manage the majority of the care in the community. Understanding what influences empowerment will help health care professionals to better engage in collaborative care planning and decision making that meet the needs of this new generation of health consumers. Aim: The aim of the present study was to identify interventions or approaches that empower patients in the management of COPD. Methods: An integrative review was undertaken following the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses approach. Papers were included if they 1 provided a definition or conceptualization of empowerment, and 2 reported interventions or approaches fostering empowerment in patients with COPD. Thematic analysis was used to develop conceptual themes on patient empowerment in COPD. These conceptual themes were validated by a panel of specialists in COPD, chronic disease

  20. Empowerment and organizational structure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juhl, Hans Jørn; Kristensen, Kai; Dahlgaard, Jens Jørn;

    1997-01-01

    This paper provides an analysis of empowerment and the conditions for empowerment that exists at different levels of the organization in various Easten and Western countries. The analysis of the data collected by the Quality and Economic Development Project indicates that there are considerable...

  1. Empowerment: Hotel employees’ perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kartinah Ayupp

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available An empowered worker is a knowledgeable worker. Thus, the aims of this study were to examine how empowerment is perceived by the front-line hotel employees and secondly, to identify the factors affecting empowerment within the industry. Factors such as communication, coaching, participation, training and reward were examined for any significant relationship with empowerment, along with whether the employee’s socio-demographic characteristics affected their perceptions of empowerment. The findings indicated that except for gender, socio-demographic factors were not a strong influence on the diffusion of empowerment among employees. In order to ensure that the employees feel empowered, factors such as communication, coaching, participation, training and reward should be given due attention by the management.  Based on the findings, implications for companies are discussed and further research is suggested.

  2. Crazy about Empowerment?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kizilos, Peter

    1990-01-01

    Discusses empowerment, the process of coming to feel and behave as though one has power over significant aspect of one's life or work, as it relates to employee productivity, motivation, and behavior. (JOW)

  3. Illusions of empowerment?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chomba, Susan Wangui; Nathan, Iben; Minang, Peter A.;

    2015-01-01

    The extent to which community forestry (CF) contributes to empowerment of local communities remains hotly contested. We develop a unified theory of empowerment at the intersection of asset-based agency and institution-based opportunity and apply it to examine the extent to which the implementation...... of CF has led to local empowerment. Our empirical data are drawn from review of national level policies and a field study of Ngare Ndare Community Forest Association (CFA) in Kenya. We investigated what types of powers were transferred to the local level, how representative the local institution was...... of the local community, and how its formation and composition affected the empowerment of socially and economically differentiated groups, with competing claims over the forest resource. We found that national forest policies and actors transferred minimal powers that enabled local communities to...

  4. Empowerment through Hindu nationalism?

    OpenAIRE

    Deshpande, Chitra; Professor Ceri Peach

    2005-01-01

    This dissertation explores whether women and men can be empowered through cultural nationalism based on religious/ethnic identities. Religious fundamentalism is typically not associated with women's empowerment. As a patriarchal, Hindu nationalist party that advocates violence, the Shiv Sena is also an unlikely agent of women's empowerment. Yet, the Sena has been attracting numerous women who claim to have gained confidence through the party. Using the Shiv Sena as my case stu...

  5. A Door-to-Door Needs Assessment to Guide a Community-Campus Health Partnership and Contribute to Community Empowerment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenberg, Jerrold

    2006-01-01

    A community-campus health partnership was formed in 1999. To determine health partnership priorities, it was collaboratively decided that an assessment of the community's health needs and interests was necessary. This article describes a community-based participatory research project: namely, a door-to-door survey to assess community health needs…

  6. The Effectiveness of an Educational Intervention Based on the Health Belief Model in the Empowerment of Stockbreeders Against High-Risk Behaviors Associated with Brucellosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vahid Babaei

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Brucellosis is among the most common zoonotic diseases. Educational programs can be effective in the prevention of this disease in humans. The present study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of an educational intervention based on the Health Belief Model (HBM in the empowerment of stockbreeders against high risk behaviors associated with brucellosis in Charuymaq county, East Azerbaijan. Materials and Methods: The present quasi-experimental study was conducted in 2014 in Charuymaq county. A total of 200 people selected through stratified random sampling participated in the study. Data were collected using a researcher-designed questionnaire including items on participants' demographic information, knowledge and the HBM constructs. Training sessions were then designed and held for the intervention group. Three months after the intervention was held, data were collected from both groups and then analyzed using descriptive statistics including the Mann-Whitney U test and the Wilcoxon test. Results: The mean scores obtained for knowledge, HBM constructs (perceived susceptibility, severity, barriers and benefits and self-efficacy and brucellosis preventive behaviors showed no significant differences between the two groups before the intervention however, after the educational intervention, significant differences were observed between the mean scores obtained by the intervention group and the control group (P<0.05. Conclusion: The cooperation of charismatic individuals with intervention programs and the use of education theories can be more effective in modifying high-risk behaviors these programs should therefore be widely implemented across the country.

  7. COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT THROUGH ERGONOMICS TRAINING WITH LOCAL WISDOM ORIENTED TO IMPROVE QUALITY OF SCULPTOR HEALTH IN THE PELIATAN VILLAGE, UBUD, GIANYAR, BALI-INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. M. Sutajaya

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Until recently, data applied for reference of Balinese workers in their work stations and processes, including anthropometric data still applying secondary data source from literature review. This was probably inappropriate due to different size, since the literature data generally on the basis of western size of anthropometry. The objective of this research, therefore, was to establish community empowerment through ergonomics training with local wisdom oriented to improve the sculptor health care quality and productivity. Ergonomics training through workshops conducted with a systemic, holistic, interdisciplinary, and participatory (SHIP approach. The training is done to make people aware of the work as a sculptor that is very important to apply ergonomics in the workplace. The results showed that ( a participants judge that ergonomics workshop can open their insights about the importance of the application of ergonomics in the workplace, (b work equipment is not in accordance with sculptor anthropometric, (c inadequate working conditions, because the workers were exposed to noise working tool more than 80 decibel and the room temperature exceeds 34OC and work a lot of cockroaches and rats roam, and (d the data of sculptor health quality is very poor, increase the workload at about13.5 %, musculoskeletal complaints at about 41.3 % , and fatigue at about 46.8 % ( p < 0.05 between before and after working. That means the work is very necessary sculptor redesigned in order to achieve comfort, safe, healthy, effective, and efficient of working conditions. It can be concluded that the ergonomics training with local wisdom oriented is required in an effort to implement the principles of ergonomics to achieve adequate health care quality sculptors and maximum productivity.

  8. The practicality of employee empowerment: supporting a psychologically safe culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valadares, Kevin J

    2004-01-01

    In times of workforce shortages and increasing pressures to compete, health care organizations need to advance and ameliorate their resources to ensure organizational success. Other industries have maximized empowerment initiatives as a strategy to retain and develop employees as primary stakeholders of its mission. While the notion of employee empowerment is by itself noble, for it to succeed, health care organizations must promote a culture of psychological safety to ensure a genuine commitment exists in its mission and strategies. PMID:15457839

  9. Diagnosis of the problems interfering with the actions of the Family Health Program in the city of Araruama: suggesting empowerment as an organizational theory Diagnóstico dos problemas que interferem nas ações do PSF do município de Araruama: sugerindo o empowerment como teoria organizacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Grativol Marchon

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available

    In the current Brazilian health policy, the Family Health Program (FHP is playing an important role in the construction and consolidation of the Brazilian Health System.Within this conception it can be observed that the health policies are put in practice in the services, through the actions and daily practices of the social actors in the context of the FHP. The purpose of this study was to identify the main barriers related to infra-structure, behavior and social-demographic factors pointed out by the health professionals working in the FHP in the city of Araruama. According to the results, empowerment was suggested as an organizational theory. The concept of empowerment used refers to changing the traditional mentality of command and control, creating a supportive environment allowing for people to develop a new mentality and give their best for the benefit of the organization. This epidemiological descriptive study used semi-structured interviews to collect information about the major barriers for the performance of the professionals and about possible associations between those factors. Eighty-two health professionals from the eight FHP teams of Araruama participated in this study. The results of socio-economic factors indicated that 50% participate in the program for more than five years and dislike their activity for the following reasons: long permanence at the same work place; repetition of the same experiences; conflicts among team members; lack of motivation; lack of solutions for the problems of the community and low wages. In relation to infrastructure, the results demonstrated that 77% consider their activities distressing due to the poor working conditions. The behavioral factors indicated as the major barrier the relationship of the team members, in special the lack of consensus among the professionals, disagreements, and the power of doctors and nurses reducing their commitment and the dialogue among them and with thecommunity

  10. "It's In My Veins": Exploring the Role of an Afrocentric, Popular Education-Based Training Program in the Empowerment of African American and African Community Health Workers in Oregon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bridgeman-Bunyoli, Arika; Mitchell, S Renee; Bin Abdullah, AbdulʼHafeedh M; Schwoeffermann, Ty; Phoenix, Toliver; Goughnour, Cat; Hines-Norwood, Richard; Wiggins, Noelle

    2015-01-01

    The role racism and other social determinants of health play in the creation of health inequities in African American communities in the United States is increasingly understood. In this article, we explore the effectiveness of an Afrocentric, popular education-based community health worker (CHW) training program in creating positive change among CHW participants and their communities in Portland, Oregon. Findings suggest that CHW participants experienced 4 types of awakening, in addition to changes in their interaction with their family members and increased community involvement. The CHWs identified group bond, Afrocentrism, public health knowledge, popular education, facilitators, and time management as important elements of an effective training program for this community. Psychological empowerment, self-reported health status, and health behavior among participants generally increased over time, but changes were not statistically significant. PMID:26353023

  11. Empowerment Amongst Teachers Holding Leadership Positions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avidov-Ungar, Orit; Friedman, Izhak; Olshtain, Elite

    2014-01-01

    This study used semi-structured in-depth interviews to explore empowerment patterns among teachers who hold leadership positions in school. Our qualitative analysis presents a hierarchical ladder with three types of empowerment amongst these teachers, ranging from limited empowerment through rewarding empowerment to change-enhancing empowerment.…

  12. Re-thinking Models of Patient Empowerment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umar, Aisha; Mundy, Darren

    2015-01-01

    The empowerment of citizens in relation to personal healthcare management includes consideration of a multi-faceted collection of elements. Simplistic forms of understanding which link empowerment to access provide limited acknowledgement of the requirement to facilitate a greater sense of health ownership in patients and collaborative working practices in practitioners. More complex attitudes to the delivery of empowered patients encompassing knowledge development, technological awareness and partnership approaches to healthcare delivery are steps in the right direction, but strain to fit currently emerging ideas around patient centered care. This paper posits that existing frameworks aimed at empowering patients for a patient centered ehealth system are insufficiently presented. The frameworks, which are mostly premised on an inequitable focus, fail to factor in the invaluableness of holism and technological innovation. Through a review of existing frameworks and an articulation of patient demands, weaknesses in current structures to support empowerment are explored, and key constituents of a framework for patient empowerment are determined. Consequently, the paper articulates a model focused around delivering an empowered patient in the 21(st) century healthcare system. PMID:25980722

  13. The effect of empowerment program on empowerment level and self-care self-efficacy of patients on hemodialysis treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Royani, Zahra; Rayyani, Masoud; Behnampour, Naser; Arab, Mansour; Goleij, Javad

    2013-01-01

    Background: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who receive dialysis confront the burdens of long-term illness and numerous physical problems. Materials and Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study. The selected patients from Gorgan Dialysis Centre were randomly assigned into an empowerment group (n = 40) and a control group (n = 40). Instruments comprised scales of Empowerment and the Strategies Used by People to Promote Health (SUPPH). Data were collected at baseline and at 6 w...

  14. Measuring Empowerment Among People With Psychotic Disorders: A Comparison of Three Instruments

    OpenAIRE

    Castelein, S.; Gaag, van der, R.J.; Bruggeman, R; Busschbach, J.T.; Wiersma, D.

    2008-01-01

    Objective: This study compared three instruments that are used to measure empowerment of people with psychotic disorders. The study evaluated internal consistency, discriminant and convergent validity, sensitivity to symptom levels, and clinical usefulness. Methods: Fifty patients in the Netherlands were administered the Empowerment Scale (ES), the Personal Empowerment Scale ( PES), and the Mental Health Confidence Scale (MHCS). Results: The MHCS had good internal consistency, whereas the lev...

  15. A Study on Status of Empowerment of Women in Jamnagar District

    OpenAIRE

    Yadav Sudha B, Vadera Bhavin, Mangal Abha D, Patel Neha A, Shah Harsh D

    2011-01-01

    Background: Empowerment of women is important for decision making in relation to health seeking, family planning, nutrition and economic issues, for her as well as for the family. Aim: To assess the level of empowerment of women in Jamnagar district. Settings and design: A cross sectional study was designed in rural and urban areas of Jamnagar district. Material and methods: An open-ended questionnaire was used for data collection on parameters relating to women empowerment through house-to-h...

  16. Empowered: Objectification and Empowerment

    OpenAIRE

    Brøndum Reeh, Emilie; Kirpekar-Sauer, Sarah Rashmi; Ziebe, Sarah Kebedech; Klostergaard, Luna; Remo Finderup, Nicoline; Zlate, Roxana Gabriela

    2015-01-01

    The project is about feminism, objectification and empowerment as portrayed through the comic Empowered from 2007. The discussion centers around the repercussions of objectification in the comic, and how it illustrates women’s position in a postmodern society. Objectification identification theories by Nussbaum, Langton and Heldman have been applied to the comic to establish how objectification is displayed in the comic. The analysis found that the protagonist of the comic is both objectified...

  17. Empowerment effects across cultures

    OpenAIRE

    Hui, Michael K; Kevin Au; Henry Fock

    2004-01-01

    Three studies examined cross-cultural variations in empowerment effects. Study 1 investigated whether Hofstede's power distance scores moderated the effect of job autonomy on job satisfaction using World Values Survey data on 33 nations. Study 2 surveyed frontline hotel employees from Canada and PRC to investigate the moderating role of power distance at the individual level. In Study 3, hotel management students from Canada and PRC were asked to play the role of a frontline employee, who had...

  18. COMMENTARY Enhancing consumer empowerment

    OpenAIRE

    Wright, LT; Newman, A; Dennis, C.

    2006-01-01

    Purpose of this paper: Much of the literature on consumer empowerment focuses on consumers’ efforts to regain control of their consumption processes from suppliers. Our purpose is to argue that many suppliers achieve success by trying hard to empower consumers. The mechanism by which this takes place consists of researching and providing what consumers want. Consumers feel empowered when they are able to enjoy the consumption process. This is of particular note in shopping, which is no...

  19. Women Empowerment in India

    OpenAIRE

    Nayak, Purusottam; Mahanta, Bidisha

    2009-01-01

    The present paper is an attempt to analyze the status of women empowerment in India using various indicators like women’s household decision making power, financial autonomy, freedom of movement, political participation, acceptance of unequal gender role, exposure to media, access to education, experience of domestic violence etc based on data from different sources. The study reveals that women of India are relatively disempowered and they enjoy somewhat lower status than that of men in spit...

  20. Women Empowerment in Assam

    OpenAIRE

    Nayak, Purusottam; Mahanta, Bidisha

    2009-01-01

    The present paper is an attempt to analyze the status of women and their empowerment in terms of various indicators such as access to education, employment, household decision making power, financial autonomy, freedom of movement, exposure to media, political participation, experience of domestic violence etc in the state of Assam using secondary data obtained from various sources. The study reveals that development process in the state is not gender neutral; women enjoy quite inferior status...

  1. Politics of Inclusion and Empowerment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, John; Siim, Birte

    2004-01-01

    The objective of the book is to analyse different politics of inclusion and empowerment and the different paradigms of inclusion/exclusion in order to underline the close link between politics of scoial equality and politics of recognition of ciultural difference. Politics of inclusion is thus...... identities. Politics of empowerment has to do with the agency and mobilisation dimension of social and political change. The title of the book "Politics of Inclusion and Empowerment" address the leitmotiv: namely to discuss plussumgame between politics of inclusion and politics of empowerment...

  2. Microcredit - The magic bullet for women's empowerment?

    OpenAIRE

    Holten, Abigail Bentil; Boateng, Godwin Festival; Madsen, Nanna Mygind; Wambutsi, Selina Omwaka

    2014-01-01

    Women constitute more than half of the world’s population. It is widely claimed that empowering women has transformational effects on development and humanity in general – women empowerment has positive implications on, among other things, food security, global health, poverty reduction, education, climate, environment, and overall sustainable global development. It was therefore not a surprise that “to promote gender equality and empowering women” featured prominently in the eight Millennium...

  3. A model for empowerment of nursing in Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salsali Mahvash

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background While the Iranian nursing profession tries to reach to its full capacity for participating in the maintenance of public health, its desire to develop is strongly influenced by cultural, economic, and religious factors. The concept of empowerment is frequently used in nursing and the health services, particularly in relation to the quality of care, since the mission of nursing is to provide safe and quality nursing care thereby enabling patients to achieve their maximum level of wellness. When considering the importance of nursing services in any health system, the 54th World Health Assembly recommended that programs be designed to strengthen and promote the nursing profession. Since empowerment is crucial to the role of nurses, a qualitative study was conducted and aimed at designing a model for empowering nurses in Iran. Methods A grounded theory approach was used for analyzing the participants' experiences, their perceptions and the strategies affecting empowerment. Data collection was done through Semi-structured interviews and participant observation. Forty-four participants were interviewed and 12 sessions of observation were carried out. Results Three main categories emerged from the data collected; these are "personal empowerment", "collective empowerment", and "the culture and structure of the organization." From the participants' perspective, empowerment is a dynamic process that results from mutual interaction between personal and collective traits of nurses as well as the culture and the structure of the organization. Impediments, such as power dynamics within the health care system hinder nurses from demonstrating that they possess the essential ingredients of empowerment. Conclusion A model was designed for empowering the nursing profession in Iran. Implementing this model will not only define nursing roles, identify territories in the national healthcare system, but it will restructure nursing systems, sub

  4. COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT THROUGH ERGONOMICS TRAINING WITH LOCAL WISDOM ORIENTED TO IMPROVE QUALITY OF SCULPTOR HEALTH IN THE PELIATAN VILLAGE, UBUD, GIANYAR, BALI-INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    I. M. Sutajaya

    2014-01-01

    Background: Until recently, data applied for reference of Balinese workers in their work stations and processes, including anthropometric data still applying secondary data source from literature review. This was probably inappropriate due to different size, since the literature data generally on the basis of western size of anthropometry. The objective of this research, therefore, was to establish community empowerment through ergonomics training with local wisdom oriented to improve the scu...

  5. Habermas, Empowerment, and Professional Discourse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blyler, Nancy Roundy

    1994-01-01

    Uses Jurgen Habermas' theory of communicative action to explore the issue of empowerment. Describes a communicative situation now common in public life (scientific and technical forces arrayed against citizenry). Applies Habermas' theory to that situation. Claims that empowerment remains only a communicative ideal. (HB)

  6. Compliance or patient empowerment in online communities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wentzer, Helle; Bygholm, Ann

    2010-01-01

    the discussion is complementary data from quantitative research on characteristics of patient support groups, and from two qualitative, in depth studies of the impact of patient networks for lung patients and for women with fertility problems. We conclude that in spite of the potential of online...... communities of opening up health care to the critical voice of the public, the quantitative and qualitative studies surprisingly point to a synthesis of the otherwise opposite positions of empowerment and compliance in patient care. Thereby the critical potential of online communities in health care services...

  7. Assessing women empowerment in Africa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adjei, Stephen Baffour

    2015-01-01

    Programme (UNDP) as a universal benchmark for assessing gender inequality. It has been highlighted that agency is a necessary component in the conceptualisation and realisation of women empowerment particularly in Africa. The article further demonstrates that the GEM has capitalist, elitist and Eurocentric......This review discusses the religious and cultural challenges to the empowerment of women in some patriarchal societies in Africa. The article takes a critical reflection on some of the contextual deficiencies of the gender empowerment measure (GEM) developed by the United Nations Development...

  8. When in Need of Empowerment : A Study of the Relationship between Leadership and Employees’ Empowerment

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Empowerment has received much attention in the management literature over the last decades. How can leaders foster employees’ feelings of empowerment? This dissertation uses an integrative approach to empowerment – which includes both structural and psychological empowerment – in order to explore how leaders can promote empowerment. Furthermore, when examining the relationship between leadership and empowerment, it focuses on two leadership approaches: transactional leadership and transformat...

  9. Pornography, normalization, and empowerment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinberg, Martin S; Williams, Colin J; Kleiner, Sibyl; Irizarry, Yasmiyn

    2010-12-01

    Opponents and proponents of erotic representations (referred to hereafter as "pornography") have described the effects of pornography from their perspective. Little, however, has been done in the way of research to investigate these claims from the consumer's point of view. This especially has been so regarding the positive impact of such consumption on a person's sex life. Using a study group of 245 college students, we examined this question in a framework of scripting theory. We wanted to see whether viewing pornography appeared to expand sexual horizons through normalization and facilitate a willingness to explore new sexual behaviors and sexual relationships through empowerment. The data supported this viewpoint and further showed the effects to be mediated by gender and sexual preference identity. They suggested, however, that established scripts were extended rather than abandoned. We conclude with connections between our findings and the widespread viewing of pornography in contemporary society. PMID:20127507

  10. Healthcare IT and Patient Empowerment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danholt, Peter; Bødker, Keld; Hertzum, Morten;

    2004-01-01

    This short paper outlines a recently initiated research project that concerns healthcare information systems and patient empowerment. Drawing on various theoretical backgrounds, Participatory Design (PD), Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW), Computer Mediated Communication (CMC), and Science...

  11. Empowerment evaluation of a Swedish gender equity plan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgios Gavriilidis

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Empowerment is essential for gender equity and health. The city of Malmö, Sweden, has formulated a development plan for gender equity integration (GEIDP. A ‘Policy Empowerment Index’ (PEI was previously developed to assess the empowerment potential of policies. Objectives: To pilot-evaluate the GEIDP's potential for empowerment and to test the PEI for future policy evaluations. Design: The GEIDP was analyzed and scored according to electronically retrieved evidence on constituent opinion, participation, capacity development, evaluation–adaptation, and impact. Results: The plan's PEI score was 64% (CI: 48–78 and was classified as ‘enabling’, ranging between ‘enabling’ and ‘supportive’. The plan's strengths were: 1 constituent knowledge and concern; 2 peripheral implementation; 3 protection of vulnerable groups; and 4 evaluation/adaptation procedures. It scored average on: 1 policy agenda setting; 2 planning; 3 provisions for education; 4 network formation; 5 resource mobilization. The weakest point was regarding promotion of employment and entrepreneurship. Conclusions: The PEI evaluation highlighted the plan's potential of constituency empowerment and proposed how it could be augmented.

  12. Roma Empowerment and Social Inclusion Through Work-Integrated Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eklund Karlsson, Leena; Crondahl, Kristine

    The basis for this article was a health promotion program based on participatory action research and work-integrated learning (WIL). Seven Roma people were employed and trained to work as local coordinators to empower the local Roma community by strengthening their participation in society and...... their sense of community, as well as to promote self-led integration. The study aimed to analyze the program from the Roma coordinators’ perspectives, focusing on perceived individual empowerment and perceptions of contribution to the common good and to community empowerment. The findings, based on...

  13. ”Det monitorerede mig – empowerment eller patologisering?"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kappelgaard, Lisbeth Højbjerg

    2015-01-01

    mig» en mulighed for frisættende autonomi – en empowerment? Eller bidrager monitoreringen i stedet til individualisering eller patologisering, hvor vi gennem ejerskabet af vores egen fortælling, producerer et overansvar for eksempelvis hvilken behandling vi skal modtage, eller hvordan vores...... arbejdsmiljø bør være? Nøgleord: Etik, humanistisk sundhedsforskning, selvmonitorering, Ecological Momentary Storytelling English summary: The Monitored Me - empowerment or pathologization? Healthcare apps have become a major industry. We can freely download thousands of apps, that enable us to monitor...... articulate the "monitored me” and hereafter discuss how these self-interpretations position the user. Is “the monitored me” an opportunity for liberating autonomy – for empowerment? Or does it contribute to individualization or pathologization? Keywords: Ethics, humanistic health research, self...

  14. The Difficult Empowerment in Danish Hospital: Power to the nurses!?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Witt, Flemming; Nielsen, Jørn Flohr

    The employee empowerment literature promises better organizational performance as well as more motivated and satisfied employees. However, this literature often neglects the specific context of public services in general, or the health care sector, hospitals, and nursing in particular. Nurses in...

  15. The impact of psychological empowerment and organizational commitment on Chines nurses' job satisfaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Wen-Bin; Ouyang, Yan-Qiong; Qu, Hui

    2014-11-10

    Abstract Background: Research findings have shown that job satisfaction of Chinese nurses is at a low level. Limited studies have focused on the impact of psychological empowerment and organizational commitment on job satisfaction of Chinese nurses. Aims: The aim of this study is to describe job satisfaction, psychological empowerment and organizational commitment of Chinese nurses and to explore the impact of psychological empowerment and organizational commitment on the nurses' job satisfaction. Methods: A total of 726 nurses were recruited in a convenience sample from 10 tertiary hospitals. Data were collected using four questionnaires including Job Satisfaction Survey, Psychological Empowerment Scale, Organizational Commitment Scale and Demographic Questionnaire. Descriptive analysis, correlation and stepwise multiple regression were used for data analysis. Results: Nurses' job satisfaction, psychological empowerment, and organizational commitment were identified at moderate levels. Nurses' job satisfaction and psychological empowerment were significantly different in terms of age and length of service; nurse job satisfaction varied with respect to marital status. Findings further indicated that nurse job satisfaction was positively correlated with psychological empowerment and organizational commitment. Psychological empowerment, organizational commitment, and marital status were significant predicting factors of nurse job satisfaction. Conclusions: This study provides evidence to help nursing managers and health policy-makers to develop intervention programs aimed at enhancing nurse job satisfaction and retaining nurses. PMID:25381702

  16. Development and validation of a new tool to measure Iranian pregnant women's empowerment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borghei, N S; Taghipour, A; Roudsari, R Latifnejad; Keramat, A

    2016-12-01

    Empowering pregnant women improves their health and reduces maternal mortality, but there is a lack of suitable tools to measure women's empowerment in some cultures. This study aimed to design and validate a questionnaire for measuring the dimensions of empowerment among Iranian pregnant women. After a literature review, and face and content validity testing, a 38-item questionnaire was developed and tested on a sample of 161 pregnant women. Factor analysis grouped the items into 3 subscales: educational empowerment (e.g. prenatal training), autonomy (e.g. financial independency and mental ability) and sociopolitical empowerment (e.g. involvement in social and political activities). Criterion validity testing showed a strong positive correlation of the total scale and subscales scores with the Kameda and the Spritzer empowerment scales. Cronbach alpha was 0.92 for total empowerment. A total of 32 items remained in the Self-Structured Pregnancy Empowerment Questionnaire, which is a valid new tool to measure the dimensions of pregnant women's empowerment. PMID:26996363

  17. Learning about health: The pupils' and the school health nurses assessment of the health dialogue

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borup, Ina K.

    Public health, health promotion, empowerment, experiential learning, HBSC, health survey, qualitative interviews, grounded theory, school children, adolescents, health dialouge, school health nurse......Public health, health promotion, empowerment, experiential learning, HBSC, health survey, qualitative interviews, grounded theory, school children, adolescents, health dialouge, school health nurse...

  18. Learning about health: The pupils' and the school health nurses assessment of the health dialogue

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borup, Ina K.

    Public health, health promotion, empowerment, experiental learning, HBSC, health survey, qualitative interviews, grounded theory, school children, adolescents, health dialogue, school health nurse......Public health, health promotion, empowerment, experiental learning, HBSC, health survey, qualitative interviews, grounded theory, school children, adolescents, health dialogue, school health nurse...

  19. Communicating Empowerment: Countering the cardboard woman

    OpenAIRE

    Tessa Lewin

    2010-01-01

    Tessa Lewin draws on the work done by the Pathways of Women's Empowerment Research and Communications Consortium from 2007 to date. She explores both the broad approach to communicating empowerment and highlights the work of various projects undertaken.

  20. Empowerment narratives - A collection of exemplars illustrating empowerment of nurses and midwives

    OpenAIRE

    Department of Health

    2003-01-01

    Empowerment narratives РA collection of exemplars illustrating empowerment of nurses and midwives The Meaning of Empowerment Sub-group of the Empowerment of Nurses and Midwives Steering Group ̢?" An Agenda for Change solicited exemplars to illustrate the progress in empowering nurses and midwives through innovative and effective work. Kanter (1993) defines empowerment as work effectiveness; Click here to download PDF 221kb

  1. Validation of Perceptions of Empowerment in Midwifery Scale (PEMS in the Portuguese population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João José de Sousa Franco

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Since when midwives are prominent in different socio-cultural contexts of individuals and populations associated with the control of women during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum? In Portugal, the level of training of nurses in breastfeeding and obstetric has evolved, is considered the most advanced in the European context, and this would have posed new challenges for these professionals. Methodology: focusing on what the perception of empowerment that have specialized nurses in midwifery and maternal health in Portugal, it was decided to conduct this study, entitled "Validation of the Portuguese population scale - Perceptions of Empowerment in Midwifery Scale (PEMS" . We responded to the research question, what are the levels of empowerment of nurses in nursing and midwifery maternal health in Portugal? Objective: To determine the level of empowerment of nurses in nursing and midwifery maternal health in Portugal. In this study we used the quantitative method and descriptive. To accomplish this we proceeded to the implementation of a data collection instrument organized into two distinct parts. The first part allowed us to collect sociodemographic data and professional reviewers. In the second use "Perceptions of Empowerment in Midwifery Scale" (Matthews, Scott, and Gallagher, 2009, measuring tool we had to validate cross-culturally. The study presented here took samples of 309 Portuguese health nurses maternal obstetrical nurse specialists. Results: 'Perceptions of Empowerment in Midwifery Scale (PEMS' (Matthews, Scott, and Gallagher, 2009, presents a framework pentafatorial (effective management and interdisciplinary relationships, sustained and autonomous practice, professional communication and consent, recognition health team, training and education, which together account for 72.9% of the variance of the results. On average, nurses in maternal health nursing and midwifery have a low level of empowerment, the lowest level

  2. Consumer empowerment versus consumer populism in healthcare IT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simborg, Donald W

    2010-01-01

    Institutions, providers, and informaticians now encourage healthcare consumers to take greater control of their own healthcare needs through improved health and wellness activities, internet-based education and support groups, and personal health records. The author believes that "untethering" all of these activities from provider-based record systems has introduced a form of unhealthy consumer populism. Conversely, integrating these activities in a coordinated manner can sustain both consumer empowerment and consumer well-being. PMID:20595301

  3. Learning about health: The pupils' and the school health nurses' assessment of the health dialogue

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borup, Ina K.

    Public health, health promotion, empowerment, experiential learning, health behaviour in school-aged children (HBSC), health survey, qualitative interviews, grounded theory, school children......Public health, health promotion, empowerment, experiential learning, health behaviour in school-aged children (HBSC), health survey, qualitative interviews, grounded theory, school children...

  4. Indigenous Empowerment through Collective Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enn, Rosa

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to draw attention to an indigenous community that lives in the periphery of Taiwan. The Dao on Orchid Island have had to face serious abuse of their human rights in terms of ecological exploitation and environmental injustice. The article highlights the empowerment of the indigenous group through collective…

  5. [Empowerment by patient education in rheumatology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faller, H; Ehlebracht-König, I; Reusch, A

    2015-09-01

    Due to the chronic course, rheumatic diseases may be associated with both long-lasting pain and movement limitations. Those afflicted by these disorders thus face continuous challenges regarding both adapting to their illness as well as changing their lifestyle habits, for example increasing the physical activity levels. However, patient education may provide patients with the competencies they need to cope with their illness and modify their behavior. Therefore, patient education programs are core elements of rehabilitation in rheumatology. The German Society for Rheumatology has performed pioneering work concerning conceptualization and evaluation of standardized educational programs. In this article some more recent developments and up to date standards for contents and didactics of self-management programs are presented. Empowerment may be considered the overriding aim of these programs, i.e. enabling patients to make informed decisions in situations where their health is involved. Patient-centered didactic methods as used in state of the art concepts mirror the empowerment approach. To foster sustainability of lifestyle changes, detailed planning of behavioral modifications is recommended, thus increasing the chance of transferring changes adopted during rehabilitation into everyday living. Such methods have been proven to be effective and are employed in the updated education concept for patients with fibromyalgia syndrome, which is described here as an example. The Centre for Patient Education offers support in updating and evaluating patient education concepts. PMID:26224532

  6. Hipertrofia das mediações, internet e empoderamento, no campo da saúde-doença Hypertrophy of mediations, internet and empowerment in the health-disease field

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Lefèvre

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Busca-se neste trabalho discutir a questão das mediações técnicas que, hoje, no campo da saúde/doença, interpõe-se entre o homem e seu corpo e mente. Trata-se de um trabalho de natureza essencialmente ensaística no qual a questão é analisada considerando que as formações sociais não são entidades auto evidentes, necessitando, portanto, de modelos teóricos para serem entendidas. Assim, adotam-se, como referência teórico-metodológica, os princípios que regem a pós-modernidade, especialmente aquele que diz respeito à "separação entre meios e fins". Ainda no plano metodológico, tais princípios são ilustrados utilizando-se como referência dissertação de mestrado defendida em 2006, que explora as possibilidades do uso da internet como instrumento de ação empoderadora. A principal proposta apresentada levanta a necessidade de uma ação empoderadora de controle social sobre as instâncias mediadoras, visando enfrentar o fenômeno da hipertrofia das mediações, que faz com que elas se tornem autônomas, deixando com isso de estar a serviço do homem na sua relação com seu corpo e mente.This paper aims to discuss the technical mediations that, today, in the health/disease field, are interposed between man and his body/mind. This paper is an essay based in the fact that societies are not self evident entities, and for this reason demand theoretical frameworks to be explained So, modern society here is analyzed based on some of the principles that command post modernity, especially the one concerning "separation between means and ends". Regarding methodology, these principles are illustrated using as reference a recent (2006 Master's thesis that analyses the possibility of using the Internet as an instrument for empowerment actions. There is a need for an empowerment action of social control over such mediations, in order to face the phenomenon of hypertrophy of mediations, which renders them autonomous and, therefore

  7. Empowerment and change management in Aboriginal organisations: a case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McEwan, Alexandra B; Tsey, Komla; McCalman, Janya; Travers, Helen J

    2010-08-01

    The social organisation of work, management styles and social relationships in the workplace all matter for health. It is now well recognised that people who have control over their work have better health and that stress in the workplace increases the level of disease. In the context of organisational change, the potential benefits of empowerment strategies are two-fold: a positive impact on the organisation's effectiveness and enhancements in staff health, wellbeing and sense of control. This case study describes the University of Queensland Empowerment Research Program's experience working with the Apunipima Cape York Health Council in a change management process. Participatory action research and empowerment strategies were utilised to facilitate shifts in work culture and group cohesion towards achieving Apunipima's vision of being an effective lead agency for Indigenous health reform in Cape York. As part of the project, staff morale and confidence were monitored using a pictorial tool, Change Curve, which outlined the phases of organisational change. The project findings indicated that organisational change did not follow a clear linear trajectory. In some ways the dynamics mapped over a period of 18 months mirror the type of struggles individuals commonly encounter as a part of personal growth and development. In this case, one of the factors which influenced the program's success was the willingness of executive employees to actively support and participate in the change management process. PMID:20797370

  8. A Systematic Review of Web-Based Interventions for Patient Empowerment and Physical Activity in Chronic Diseases: Relevance for Cancer Survivors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuijpers, W.; Groen, W.G.; Aaronson, N.K.; Harten, van W.H.

    2013-01-01

    Background: Patient empowerment reflects the ability of patients to positively influence their health and health behavior such as physical activity. While interactive Web-based interventions are increasingly used in various chronic disease settings to enhance empowerment and physical activity, such

  9. Empowerment Philosophies and Practices in Business and Educational Settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaczmarek, Patricia

    1994-01-01

    Provides an overview of empowerment philosophies and practices in business and educational settings. Role changes for empowerment are discussed, and resistance factors regarding empowerment are described for each setting. (four references) (LRW)

  10. Citizen participation, perceived control, and psychological empowerment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmerman, M A; Rappaport, J

    1988-10-01

    The research integrates the citizen participation literature with research on perceived control in an effort to further our understanding of psychological empowerment. Eleven indices of empowerment representing personality, cognitive, and motivational measures were identified to represent the construct. Three studies examined the relationship between empowerment and participation. The first study examined differences among groups identified by a laboratory manipulation as willing to participate in personally relevant or community relevant situations. Study II examined differences for groups defined by actual involvement in community activities and organizations. Study III replicated Study II with a different population. In each study, individuals reporting a greater amount of participation scored higher on indices of empowerment. Psychological empowerment could be described as the connection between a sense of personal competence, a desire for, and a willingness to take action in the public domain. Discriminant function analyses resulted in one significant dimension, identified as pyschological empowerment, that was positively correlated with leadership and negatively correlated with alienation. PMID:3218639

  11. Empowerment Perceptions of Employees in Hotel Enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    Şenol ÇAVUŞ; Nasiykat MAMBETOVA

    2015-01-01

    The concept of empowerment, which is applicable for any social group that the person belongs to, is an essential phenomenon for continuity and success of the organization. The main purpose of this study is to determine the empowerment perceptions of employees in hotel industry. The research was conducted in four and five star hotels that operate in the city of Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, and 170 employees were reached at those hotels. Empowerment ...

  12. Institutional Capacity Building for Rural Women's Empowerment

    OpenAIRE

    Rooij, De

    2005-01-01

    Basically, women¿s empowerment is the process (and its outcomes) in which women ¿ individually and collectively- become active, knowledgeable and goal-oriented actors who take and/ or support initiatives to overcoming gender inequalities. Hence, women¿s empowerment refers to a strategy to achieve gender equality as well as to the inherent capacity building processes. Institutional capacity aimed at women¿s empowerment is not a clearly defined concept. Yet, effective capacity building requires...

  13. Psychological empowerment, job insecurity and employee engagement

    OpenAIRE

    Marius W. Stander; Sebastiaan Rothmann

    2010-01-01

    Orientation: The psychological empowerment of employees might affect their engagement. However, psychological empowerment and employee engagement might also be influenced by job insecurity.Research purposes: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between psychological empowerment, job insecurity and employee engagement.Motivation for the study: Employee engagement results in positive individual and organisational outcomes and research information about the antecedents wil...

  14. Three Faces of Empowerment: Expanding the Theory of Empowerment in Community Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pigg, Kenneth E.

    2002-01-01

    A literature review identified three perspectives on empowerment: self-efficacy derived from individual action and psychology; mutual empowerment through interpersonal relationships; and social empowerment, the removal of social, economic, and legal obstacles to individual influence. However, many community leadership education programs fall short…

  15. Empowerment: from noise to voice

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    This article on empowerment focuses on the capacity of citizens to create new institutional spaces in which they play a decisive role in designing local development strategies by forming strategic alliances with various social actors, including the state. Drawing on the concept of empowered participatory governance developed by Erik Olin Wright and Archon Fung, the author distinguishes between citizen engagement as processes of public consultation (noise) and comprehensive community economic ...

  16. Women's Empowerment and Reproductive Choices

    OpenAIRE

    Syed Mubashir Ali; Hussain B. Siyal; Mehboob Sultan

    1995-01-01

    The 1994 Cairo International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in their Programme of Action calls for promoting gender equality and equity and the empowerment of women. Furthermore, the conference also recognises the basic rights of all couples and individuals to decide freely and responsibly the number, spacing, and timing of their children, as well as the right to the information and the means to do so [Sadik (1994)]. The need for such a programme of action arose in view of th...

  17. Cancer Health Empowerment for Living without Pain (Ca-HELP: study design and rationale for a tailored education and coaching intervention to enhance care of cancer-related pain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slee Christina

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cancer-related pain is common and under-treated. This article describes a study designed to test the effectiveness of a theory-driven, patient-centered coaching intervention to improve cancer pain processes and outcomes. Methods/Design The Cancer Health Empowerment for Living without Pain (Ca-HELP Study is an American Cancer Society sponsored randomized trial conducted in Sacramento, California. A total of 265 cancer patients with at least moderate pain severity (Worst Pain Numerical Analog Score >=4 out of 10 or pain-related impairment (Likert score >= 3 out of 5 were randomly assigned to receive tailored education and coaching (TEC or educationally-enhanced usual care (EUC; 258 received at least one follow-up assessment. The TEC intervention is based on social-cognitive theory and consists of 6 components (assess, correct, teach, prepare, rehearse, portray. Both interventions were delivered over approximately 30 minutes just prior to a scheduled oncology visit. The majority of visits (56% were audio-recorded for later communication coding. Follow-up data including outcomes related to pain severity and impairment, self-efficacy for pain control and for patient-physician communication, functional status and well-being, and anxiety were collected at 2, 6, and 12 weeks. Discussion Building on social cognitive theory and pilot work, this study aims to test the hypothesis that a brief, tailored patient activation intervention will promote better cancer pain care and outcomes. Analyses will focus on the effects of the experimental intervention on pain severity and impairment (primary outcomes; self-efficacy and quality of life (secondary outcomes; and relationships among processes and outcomes of cancer pain care. If this model of coaching by lay health educators proves successful, it could potentially be implemented widely at modest cost. Trial Registration [Clinical Trials Identifier: NCT00283166

  18. Empowerment Strategy Through Salak Fruit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sucihatiningsih Dian Wisika Prajanti

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This articles aims to understand the practice of empowerment through assistance to salak farmers. The study includes 60 salak fruit farmers which are taken as the samples. Descriptive analysis is used to analyze the obtained data from the study. The research result shows that most respondents have the relative low level of empowerment. The empowerment level from business aspect explain that most of the respondent (73% are never and could not got the financial assistant to develop their business. Likewise, it could be happen in the technological access, most of the respondent (56,7% explain that in the production process the technology that used is base on traditional and hereditary. So, it is depend on labour relieves when the production and harvest process. Furthermore, the research shows that a low level of a capability to access the market information. It could be seen that most of the farmers (38,3% directly selling their product to the consumers and 33,3% sell their product to the broker. The empowerment from non economic aspect could be seen from the low ability of lobbying aspect, like the asking for a relieves from their colleagues at the local government officer (10%, financial institution like cooperation, bank and etc (25%, society figures (32,1%, employees (32,1%, non government institution/ academision (10% and a families (93,3%. To empower the farmers in order to make them sustainable, it is necessary to built a partnership by empowerment strategy. The empowerment strategy that involves industry as the farmers’ partner is carried out to improve the empowerment of the farmers of salak fruits.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengeksplorasi praktek pemberdayaan melalui pendampingan petani buah salak. Sebanyak 60 orang petani salak diambil sebagai sampel. Analisis deskriptif telah digunakan untuk menganalisis data dalam penelitian ini. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar masyarakat di daerah penelitian mengaku pada

  19. Improvement in health and empowerment of families as a result of watershed management in a tribal area in India - a qualitative study

    OpenAIRE

    Nerkar, Sandeep S.; Tamhankar, Ashok J.; Johansson, Eva; Lundborg, Cecilia Stålsby

    2013-01-01

    Background Tribal people in India, as in other parts of the world, reside mostly in forests and/or hilly terrains. Water scarcity and health problems related to it are their prime concern. Watershed management can contribute to resolve their health related problems and can put them on a path of socio-economic development. Integrated management of land, water and biomass resources within a watershed, i.e. in an area or a region which contributes rainfall water to a river or lake, is referred t...

  20. Institutional Capacity Building for Rural Women's Empowerment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rooij, de S.J.G.

    2005-01-01

    Basically, women¿s empowerment is the process (and its outcomes) in which women ¿ individually and collectively- become active, knowledgeable and goal-oriented actors who take and/ or support initiatives to overcoming gender inequalities. Hence, women¿s empowerment refers to a strategy to achieve ge

  1. Five Enunciations of Empowerment i Participatory Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ertner, Sara Marie; Kragelund, Anne Mie; Malmborg, Lone

    2010-01-01

    Participatory design has been defined as having 'user's democratic participation and empowerment at its core' (Correia and Yusop, 2008). The PD discourse has a strong moral and rhetorical claim by its emphasis on users' empowerment. This paper is a result of a student project, guided by a curiosity...... about how empowerment is enunciated in the PD field today. In a literature-review of academic papers from the proceedings of PDC 2008 we found that empowerment is enunciated in five different ways which can be translated into 5 categories: 1) Specific user groups 2) Direct democracy 3) The users......' position 4) Researchers' practice 5) Reflexive practice. These categories exist conjointly in the literature and suggest that empowerment is not just a moral and politically correct design goal, but a challenged and complex activity....

  2. Community empowerment needs in the struggle for environmental justice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smith, D.

    1995-12-01

    The paper addresses the specific empowerment needs of communities and workers fighting for environmental justice. Thousands of people of color and poor communities throughout the United States are victimized by policies and practices of environmental racism which resulted in the disproportionate burden of exposure to environmental contamination where they live, work and play. Powerful interests who own and operate polluting industries and waste disposal facilities prey on poor, low income and non-white communities because they view them as areas of least resistance and {open_quotes}sacrifice zones.{close_quotes} Leaders and members of organizations from communities threatened or already devastated by contamination are waging determined, courageous and heroic struggles against giant corporate polluters. In many instances, the leaders and members of these grassroots environmental groups are literally sick and dying from contamination as they seek to organize for clean, safe and healthy communities. A key issue for communities and workers fighting for environmental justice is realizing true empowerment. Communities and workers must develop empowerment and capacity building skills in the areas of community and labor organizing; media relations and public education; legal advocacy; legislative and regulatory tracking; lobbying; health monitoring and health services; research; scientific technical needs (eg. air, water and soil testing); fundraising and economic sustainable development; institutional and organizational development; voter education and electoral politics; and youth and adult leadership training. When these empowerment skills are combined with a clear vision of justice for the future, communities will be able to fight cooporations armed with high-powered lawyers, lobbyists, public relations firms and bought-off politicians.

  3. Psychological empowerment, job insecurity and employee engagement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marius W. Stander

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: The psychological empowerment of employees might affect their engagement. However, psychological empowerment and employee engagement might also be influenced by job insecurity.Research purposes: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between psychological empowerment, job insecurity and employee engagement.Motivation for the study: Employee engagement results in positive individual and organisational outcomes and research information about the antecedents will provide valuable information for the purposes of diagnosis and intervention.Research design, approach and method: A correlational design was used. Survey design was conducted among 442 employees in a government and a manufacturing organisation. The measuring instruments included the Psychological Empowerment Questionnaire, the Job Insecurity Inventory, and the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale.Main findings: Statistically significant relationships were found between psychological empowerment, job insecurity and employee engagement. A multivariate analysis of variance showed that affective job insecurity had a main effect on three dimensions of psychological empowerment (viz. competence, meaning and impact and on employee engagement. Affective job insecurity moderated the effect of psychological empowerment on employee engagement.Practical implications: The implication of the results is that interventions that focus on the psychological empowerment of employees (viz. meaningfulness, competence, self-determination and impact will contribute to the engagement (vigour, dedication and absorption of employees. If job insecurity is high, it is crucial to attend to the psychological empowerment of employees.Contribution: This study contributes to knowledge about the conditions that precede employee engagement, and shows that the dimensions of psychological empowerment (namely experienced meaningfulness, competence, impact and self-determination play an important role

  4. A bottom-up art event gave birth to a process of community empowerment in an Italian village.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sardu, Claudia; Mereu, Alessandra; Sotgiu, Alessandra; Contu, Paolo

    2012-03-01

    Although community participation is a component of community empowerment, it often remains a theoretical exhortation. Reporting experiences which enable people to take control of their lives, can be useful to suggest practical elements for promoting empowerment. This article describes the experience of a Sardinian village (Ulassai), that developed into a community empowerment. The Laverack's operational domains were used to measure the community empowerment process. The process started in 1979 'almost by chance' with an art performance that was the entry point for community participation. This experience has been the foundation for the community empowerment. Citizens acquired the 'ability of thinking and planning as a community and not mere individuals'. In the following 30 years citizens gave birth to several outcomes rooted in that event. The intermediate outcomes highlight the 'ability of action by a group to mobilize existing resources, and act collectively against opposing forces'. The long-term outcomes demonstrate the 'ability to integrate the cultural experiences that strengthened the community's identification into a sustainable community asset', and the 'ability to cope with global environmental challenges and to collaborate on an equal basis with other stakeholders. The pathways to community empowerment, showed by the community of Ulassai, overlap with the 'operational domains'. The Ulassai experience shows that the empowerment process can start from an event apparently unrelated to health promotion. This community experience illustrates the positive role arts can play in community development. Hence, the call for health promoters to look carefully into those situations that occur naturally in communities. PMID:24801310

  5. Development through Empowerment: Delivering Effective Public Services - A Literature Review

    OpenAIRE

    Xu, Guo

    2013-01-01

    This paper reviews the channels through which empowerment may improve the efficiency and quality of public service delivery, particularly in developing Asia. Departing from a macro perspective, we focus and revisit microeconomic evidence for three broad measures aimed at empowering the poor: empowerment through voice, empowerment through exit, and empowerment through information.

  6. GEXcel Work in Progress Report Volume XI : Proceedings from GEXcel Theme 4: Gender and Violence – Mechanisms,Anti-Mechanisms, Interventions, Evaluations : theme 4 was part of the joint theme 4-5: Sexual health, embodiment and empowerment : bridging epistemological gaps : autumn 2009

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    The chapters of this volume report on the activities carried out within the frame of the fourth research theme of the Centre of Gender Excellence (GEXcel) at Linköping University during 2009. During 2009, GEXcel launched Themes 4 and 5 together as a joint venture: ‘Sexual health, embodiment and empowerment: Bridging epistemological gaps.’ Theme 4 was summarised as: ‘Gender and violence – mechanisms, anti-mechanisms, interventions, evaluations.’ Theme 5 had two subthemes: a) Feminist and queer...

  7. Progress towards Millennium Development Goals with women empowerment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shobha Chaturvedi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Women empowerment is a powerful determinant of their own, children’s and their families’ health. Perhaps, due to this fact, promotion of gender equality and empowering women was kept as one of the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs.Objective: The present analysis was undertaken to study the effect of women empowerment on health of women, family planning and various health indicators of children.Methods: Available data from National Surveys in India, various research studies and evidences from published global studies were gathered and further analyzed.Results: Census 2011 (India have shown that states having higher women literacy, like Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra (75%, have better positive indicators of health than states like Rajasthan with 53 % literacy. NFHS -3 (India showed that empowered women had better access to maternal services (76 %, more use of contraception (66.6% and resultantly, had lower neonatal mortality (36%. As against this, for less empowered women, access to maternal services (72 % is low, lesser use of contraception (44% and relatively higher neonatal mortality (43%. A systematic analysis of 175 countries (Lancet, 2010 has established that increase in women education decreases under five child mortality.Conclusions: Investments in women’s employment, health and education, are correlated with a range of positive outcomes, including greater economic growth and children’s health and survival.

  8. Women Empowerment through ICT - Measuring the concept through an Empowerment Analytical Framework

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Purushothaman, Aparna

    providing information on health care services, food, supporting in getting better education and thus making them well informed and helping to cope up with the knowledge economy. However, to what extent a women use ICT is strongly influenced by the type of social opportunities that she has. Similarly, the...... social identity of a woman in the culture that she belongs to also influences the use of technology. The paper center on an Action research project for Women Empowerment through ICT carried out in India about how technology can bring a positive impact on the lives of women and how can they be empowered......Promoting gender equality and empowering women is one of the important Millennium Development Goals by the United Nations. ICT can be a major enabling tool in achieving these Goals. ICT plays a crucial role in the growth and development of a society. Its significance lies not only on the easier...

  9. 25 Jahre Empowerment der Frau 25 Years of Female Empowerment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Wittkopp

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Anlässlich des 25-jährigen Jubiläums des Ausschusses des Übereinkommens zur Beseitigung jeder Form von Diskriminierung der Frau (United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, CEDAW wird in dem Buch The Circle of Empowerment eine Bilanz der Arbeit des Vertragsorgans gezogen. Herausgegeben von Hanna Beate Schöpp-Schilling, dem deutschen Mitglied im CEDAW-Ausschuss seit 1989, und Cees Flinterman, dem niederländischen Mitglied seit 2003, enthält der Band Essays und persönliche Reflexionen von ehemaligen oder gegenwärtigen Mitgliedern des CEDAW-Ausschusses und UN-Mitarbeitern. Das Buch eignet sich als Einstieg in und Überblick über die Frauenrechtskonvention für Frauenrechtler/-innen, Wissenschaftler/-innen und Studierende, da es ein differenziertes Bild der Konvention, ihrer Mechanismen und ihrer Umsetzungsprobleme zeichnet. Gleichzeitig werden Hintergründe der tatsächlichen Arbeit eines Vertragsorgans beleuchtet, die sonst verschlossen bleiben.In celebration of the 25-year anniversary of the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW, the book The Circle of Empowerment analyses the results of the work of this treaty institution. The volume, edited by Hanna Beate Schöpp-Schilling, German member in the CEDAW-commission since 1989, and Cees Flinterman, Dutch member since 2003, contains essays and personal reflections from former and current members of the CEDAW-commission and UN staff. The book is an appropriate introduction into and overview of the convention on women’s rights for activists, scholars, and students because it sketches a differentiated image of the convention, its mechanisms, and problems of implementation. At the same time, the book illuminates the background issues of the treaty institution’s actual work, something that normally remains secret.

  10. The context of empowerment and self-care within the field of diabetes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scambler, Sasha; Newton, Paul; Asimakopoulou, Koula

    2014-11-01

    There is a growing emphasis within the diabetes literature on the importance of empowerment as a way of encouraging people to take control of and responsibility for the successful management of their disease. Patients are actively encouraged to become active participants in their care, and there is an expectation that health-care professionals will facilitate this process. This article uses Bourdieu's concept of field, as a bounded social space in which actors conduct their lives day-to-day, to explore the context within which issues of empowerment are addressed and negotiated. The practice of empowerment within the biologically defined and biomedically 'policed' field of diabetes is explored using empirical data from a study of diabetes health-care professionals' understanding and practices around empowerment. It is concluded that rather than promoting active self-management and empowerment, the nature of the field of diabetes, and in particular its privileging of the biomedical, can mitigate against people with diabetes negotiating the field effectively and taking control of the disease and its management. PMID:24695383

  11. Student Empowerment Through Internet Usage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Purushothaman, Aparna

    2011-01-01

    in a University in Southern India to empower the female students through Internet usage. The study was done to find out the problems the woman students faced in gaining access and using Internet and how they can be empowered through Internet usage. Future workshop was conducted to find out the problems...... and reflecting. The paper will explore the various cultural issues and explicate how the social context plays a major role in the use of Internet even if there is sufficient access. These issues will be addressed from an empowerment perspective. The paper ends by recommending the methods to be adopted for more......Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has been widely recognized as a tool for human development (UNDP 2001). The rate at which ICT are growing is changing the way knowledge is developed, acquired and delivered. (Tongia, et al. 2005) Internet is one of the Information & Communication...

  12. How can employee empowerment be made conducive to both employee health and organisation performance? An empirical investigation of a tailor-made approach to organisation learning in a municipal public service organisation

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Employees are often encouraged to take on more control over their work practices, so as to generate “more for less” solutions to the benefit of their employers, clients and themselves. To employees such increased control – or empowerment – generates ambiguities: Unprecedented opportunities to create fulfilling jobs are accompanied by unprecedented complexity, competence demands, and responsibilities for outcomes of work practices. The research issue highlighted in this thesis is how employee ...

  13. Student Empowerment in the English Classroom Teaching%Student Empowerment in the English Classroom Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王楠

    2011-01-01

    The study explores the relationship between student empowerment and their Band 4 results. The purpose is to find whether there is a positive correlation between student empowerment approach and their command of English. In the long run, it aims at developing a supportive and positive classroom environment in helping students to learn and use English in a more active and realistic way.

  14. Constraints on the Empowerment of Women : Which constraints limit women's earnings opportunities in developing countries? And can theUnited Nations and the World Bank's strategies overcome these constraints?

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    The international community has committed itself to the goal of human development and more concretely to the empowerment of women. Empowerment of women is defined as ‘improving their ability to access the constituents of development - in particular health, education, earning opportunities, rights, and political participation’ (Duflo, 2005). In this thesis I concentrate on the empowerment of women in terms of the improvement of their earning opportunities. My research questions are: ...

  15. To Investigate the Impact of Training, Employee Empowerment and Organizational Climate on Job Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haleema Zia

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the quantitative relationship of training, employee empowerment and organizational climate with job performance. Job performance can be measured in terms of efficiency and effectiveness of employees-how well they perform their tasks in order to achieve organizational goals. Empowerment is very important tool to enhance productivity of an organization by enhancing job performance of employees. In certain conditions it may result in reducing job performance, which depends on organizational climate and how employees and management perceive empowerment. The organizations which conduct regular training programs help to build the skills and competencies of employees. Ethical organizational climate plays a vital role in enhancing the performance by reducing employees’ stress levels and enhanced satisfaction. Based on the literature review, a research model is developed positing that training, employee empowerment and organizational climate has a direct impact on job performance of employees. This model is empirically tested using data collected from National Institute of Health (NIH, Islamabad which is a public sector organization of Pakistan. The target population consisted of 794 employees of NIH and the sample size was calculated as 200 by using as per Krejcie and Morgan (1970 formula for sample determination and for data results various analysis techniques were used like correlation analysis and regression analysis. The results showed a significant relationship of training and organizational climate with job performance. According to the findings of the study, employee empowerment negatively influences the job performance.

  16. Empowerment, intimate partner violence and skilled birth attendance among women in rural Uganda

    OpenAIRE

    Kwagala, Betty; Nankinga, Olivia; Wandera, Stephen Ojiambo; Ndugga, Patricia; Kabagenyi, Allen

    2016-01-01

    Background There is limited research on how the empowerment of women and intimate partner violence (IPV) are associated with skilled birth attendance (SBA) among rural women in Uganda. Therefore, the aim of this paper was to investigate the association between women’s empowerment, their experience of IPV and SBA in rural Uganda. Methods Using data from the Uganda Demographic and Health Survey (UDHS), we selected 857 rural women who were in union, had given birth in the last 5 years preceding ...

  17. Adolescents with Functional Somatic Symptoms: The influence of family therapy on empowerment and illness beliefs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hulgaard, Ditte Roth; Rask, Charlotte; Dehlholm-Lambertsen, Birgitte

    delivered in a child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) setting. Further, how these affect symptom experiences and coping strategies. Method: Data collection by semi-structured interviews with approx. 10 children with FSS and their Parents followed by an interpretative phenomenological analysis...... psychological treatment and the significance of illness beliefs and empowerment in children and adolescents with severe FSS is scarce. Aims: To conduct a qualitative study which aims to examine how specific illness beliefs and a sense of empowerment evolve and change during specialized family-based treatment......, media and personal experiences. Conclusion: Increased knowledge about how family therapy is perceived, and how the treatment affects illness beliefs and sense of empowerment may be used in the further development of effective family-based treatment programmes for this patient group....

  18. Evaluating the Effectiveness of a Participatory Empowerment Group for Chinese Type 2 Diabetes Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lou, Vivian W. Q.; Zhang, Yiqi

    2006-01-01

    Objective: This study evaluated the effectiveness of a Participatory Empowerment Group (PEG) for Chinese type 2 diabetes patients in Shanghai. Method: A randomized waiting list control and pretest and posttest comparisons were used to evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention by comparing blood sugar level and health-related quality of life.…

  19. Empowerment interventions, knowledge translation and exchange: perspectives of home care professionals, clients and caregivers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voyer Louis

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Few studies have examined empowerment interventions as they actually unfold in home care in the context of chronic health problems. This study aims to document the empowerment process as it plays out in interventions with adults receiving home care services. Methods/design The qualitative design chosen is a fourth generation evaluation combined with case studies. A home care team of a health and social services center situated in the Eastern Townships (Québec, Canada will be involved at every step in the study. A sample will be formed of 15 health care professionals and 30 of their home care clients and caregiver. Semi-structured interviews, observations of home care interventions and socio-demographic questionnaires will be used to collect the data. Nine instruments used by the team in prior studies will be adapted and reviewed. A personal log will document the observers' perspectives in order to foster objectivity and the focus on the intervention. The in-depth qualitative analysis of the data will illustrate profiles of enabling interventions and individual empowerment. Discussion The ongoing process to transform the health care and social services network creates a growing need to examine intervention practices of health care professionals working with clients receiving home care services. This study will provide the opportunity to examine how the intervention process plays out in real-life situations and how health care professionals, clients and caregivers experience it. The intervention process and individual empowerment examined in this study will enhance the growing body of knowledge about empowerment.

  20. The effects of applying information technology on job empowerment dimensions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ajami, Sima; Arab-Chadegani, Raziyeh

    2014-01-01

    Information Technology (IT) is known as a valuable tool for information dissemination. Today, information communication technology can be used as a powerful tool to improve employees' quality and efficiency. The increasing development of technology-based tools and their adaptation speed with human requirements has led to a new form of the learning environment and creative, active and inclusive interaction. These days, information is one of the most important power resources in every organization and accordingly, acquiring information, especially central or strategic one can help organizations to build a power base and influence others. The aim of this study was to identify the most important criteria in job empowerment using IT and also the advantages of assessing empowerment. This study was a narrative review. The literature was searched on databases and journals of Springer, Proquest, PubMed, science direct and scientific information database) with keywords including IT, empowerment and employees in the searching areas of titles, keywords, abstracts and full texts. The preliminary search resulted in 85 articles, books and conference proceedings in which published between 1983 and 2013 during July 2013. After a careful analysis of the content of each paper, a total of 40 papers and books were selected based on their relevancy. According to Ardalan Model IT plays a significant role in the fast data collection, global and fast access to a broad range of health information, a quick evaluation of information, better communication among health experts and more awareness through access to various information sources. IT leads to a better performance accompanied by higher efficiency in service providing all of which will cause more satisfaction from fast and high-quality services. PMID:25250350

  1. Familierådslagning i et empowerment perspektiv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enevoldsen, Jørn Henrik; Brønholt, Lis Lynge

    2007-01-01

    Diskussion og undersøgelse af empowerment begrebet i forhold til beslutningsmodellen familierådslagning.......Diskussion og undersøgelse af empowerment begrebet i forhold til beslutningsmodellen familierådslagning....

  2. Gender equality and women empowerment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dargan, R

    1996-01-01

    This article lists 11 suggestions for empowering women that the government of India should take, if it has a sincere commitment to gender equality and women's empowerment grounded in social change and not just rhetoric: 1) education should be made compulsory for all female children and places held on a 50/50 basis in all technical institutions; 2) a uniform civil code should be adopted for all citizens regardless of cast, creed, and religion; 3) women should have an equal right to own property and receive inheritance; 4) the National Women's Commission should be enlarged, representative of diversity, and effective in making policy decisions related to welfare, education, recruitment, and promotion; 5) a State Women's Commission should be established with affiliates at the block, district, and division levels; 6) the National and State Women's Commission should be established as a Statutory Body with binding decisions mandating government action; 7) the National and State Women's Commissions should have transparent functions, be regulatory, and offer workshops and seminars for women; 8) state governments should not interfere in the functions of National and State Women's Commissions; 9) women should fill 50% of all Center and State government service posts and concessions should be made on minimum academic qualifications and completed years of service, until all positions are filled; 10) 50% of the seats of Parliament should be reserved for women in both the State Legislature, Council of Ministry Boards, Corporations, Committees, and Commissions; and 11) the Constitution should provide for women judges in courts of law. PMID:12179426

  3. Female empowerment and education of children in Nepal

    OpenAIRE

    Magnus Hatlebakk; Yogendra B. Gurung

    2014-01-01

    A family survey was conducted in Nepal to investigate whether female empowerment leads to more education, in particular for girls. The relative economic power of the male and female side of the extended family was used as an instrument for female empowerment. The findings indicate, however, that both female empowerment and relative economic power affect education. There is a positive association between female empowerment and children’s education for both gender, while boys are prioritized if...

  4. Irish nurses’ and midwives’ understanding and experiences of empowerment

    OpenAIRE

    Corbally, Melissa; Scott, Anne; Matthews, Anne; MacGabhann, Liam; Murphy, Catriona

    2007-01-01

    Aim This study explored conceptualisations of empowerment amongst Irish nurses and midwives. Background Current literature on the meaning of empowerment in the literature lacks consensus. As a result there is a likelihood that empowerment will be conceptualised differently between managers and sub-ordinates. Method In order to get a sense of how Irish practitioners viewed empowerment, ten focus groups were held in locations throughout Ireland (n = 93). A national distribution of par...

  5. Impact of ICT on women empowerment in South Asia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shamimul Islam

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Information and communication technologies (ICTs have been increasingly promoted as a key solution for comprehensive development, poverty eradication and the empowerment of historically disadvantaged groups, such as women and minorities in the South Asia. ICT is a significant area of concern for women empowerment and growth of a country. This paper studied the status of ICT and women empowerment in South Asian countries. Based on empirical research this paper found that ICT has a positive impact on women empowerment.

  6. Empowerment and Experiential Education: A State of Knowledge Paper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shellman, Amy

    2014-01-01

    Experiential settings hold great potential for empowering participants. Beginning with an overview of how empowerment has been defined and conceptualized in the literature, this article examines the construct of empowerment in experiential education settings as a process and an outcome. A summary of how empowerment has been applied and measured in…

  7. Empowerment methods and techniques for sport managers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    THANOS KRIEMADIS

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available We live in a globalize economic, social and technological environment where organizations can be successful only if they have required resources (material resources, facilities and equipment, and human resources. The managers and the organizations should empower and enable employees to accomplish their work in meaningful ways. Empowerment has been described as a means to enable employees to make decisions and as a personal phenomenon where individuals take responsibility for their own actions. The aim of the present study was to present effective methods and techniques of employee empowerment which constitute for the organization a source of competitive advantage. The paper will present and explain empowerment methods and techniques such as: (a organizational culture, (b vision statements, (c organizational values, (d teamwork, (e the role of manager - leadership, (f devolving responsibility accountability, (g information sharing, (h continuous training, (i appraisal rewards, (j goal setting, and (k performance appraisal process.

  8. Empowerment for Continuous Agent-Environment Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Jung, Tobias; Stone, Peter

    2012-01-01

    This paper develops generalizations of empowerment to continuous states. Empowerment is a recently introduced information-theoretic quantity motivated by hypotheses about the efficiency of the sensorimotor loop in biological organisms, but also from considerations stemming from curiosity-driven learning. Empowemerment measures, for agent-environment systems with stochastic transitions, how much influence an agent has on its environment, but only that influence that can be sensed by the agent sensors. It is an information-theoretic generalization of joint controllability (influence on environment) and observability (measurement by sensors) of the environment by the agent, both controllability and observability being usually defined in control theory as the dimensionality of the control/observation spaces. Earlier work has shown that empowerment has various interesting and relevant properties, e.g., it allows us to identify salient states using only the dynamics, and it can act as intrinsic reward without requi...

  9. Empowerment som frigørelse?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Pernille Tanggaard

    2010-01-01

    Empowerment er et at tidens modeord, og sættes i forbindelse med vidt forskellige termer eksempelvis personlighedsudvikling, borgerinddragelse og styringsideologi. Begrebet empowerment rummer efterhånden så mange betydninger, at man kan diskuterer selve essensen – i dette kapitel gøres dog et...... forsøg og forskellige dele af begrebet udfoldes. Direkte oversat betyder empowermemt at bemyndige eller sætter i stand til. Empowerment er et ofte anvendt begreb indenfor sundhedsvidenskab og i tilrettelæggelse af sundhedsfremmende initiativer. Begrebet bliver ofte defineret og benyttet forskelligt alt...... efter det bagvedliggende ideologiske perspektiv, og derfor er udgangspunktet i dette kapitel også at illustrerer forskellige ”blikke på empowerment”. Derudover inddrages to eksempler; studier af lokalsamfund og borgerinddragelse og ’den motiverende samtale’ som illustration på, hvilke udfordringer, der...

  10. The politics of Inclusion and Empowerment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siim, Birte

    Iris Marion Young: Situated knowledge and democratic discussions. Anne Phillips: Identuty politics: Have we now had enough? Jens Ulrich: Deliberative democracy and civil society - an expansion of Jürgen Habermas's understanding of civil society. Birte Siim: Globalisation, democracy and participat......Iris Marion Young: Situated knowledge and democratic discussions. Anne Phillips: Identuty politics: Have we now had enough? Jens Ulrich: Deliberative democracy and civil society - an expansion of Jürgen Habermas's understanding of civil society. Birte Siim: Globalisation, democracy...... of recognition and respect: Involving people with experience of poverty in decision-making that affects their lives. Majorie Mayo: Exclusion, inclusion and empowerment: Community empowerment? Reflecting on the lessons of strategies to promote empowerment. Pauline McClenaghan: Redifining citizenship: Community...

  11. ROLE OF EDUCATION IN WOMEN EMPOWERMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nisha Mann

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Women Empowerment is defined as the process in which their spiritual ,Political, Economic or social Status is raised. It also includes the Right to take their own decisions, also have wide choices , firmness while taking collective decisions, the right to raise their level of confidence regarding their own capabilities. Empowerment is the process of obtaining basic opportunities for marginalized people, either directly by those people, or through the help of non-marginalized others who share their own access to these opportunities.

  12. Higher Education and Women's Empowerment in Pakistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malik, Samina; Courtney, Kathy

    2011-01-01

    This paper summarises the findings of a 2005 doctoral study by Malik which explored to what extent participation in higher education offers empowerment to women in Pakistan. A survey instrument was used to question female faculty members and female students from 10 public universities in Pakistan; 1290 students and 290 faculty members responded.…

  13. Transformative Learning: Personal Empowerment in Learning Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassi, Marja-Liisa; Laursen, Sandra L.

    2015-01-01

    This article introduces the concept of personal empowerment as a form of transformative learning. It focuses on commonly ignored but enhancing elements of mathematics learning and argues that crucial personal resources can be essentially promoted by high engagement in mathematical problem solving, inquiry, and collaboration. This personal…

  14. Enhancing Employees Performance via Empowerment: A Field Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nail AHK Awamleh

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to show the importance of empowerment in improving employee’s performance in many ways. Major objectives of the study are: (1 Give concise review on empowerment from different aspects, (2 Show practical experience with empowerment practices through a field survey of these practices in a sample of respondents working in business and government organizations in Bahrain, (3 Draw some conclusions on "empowerment" of importance for researchers and practitioners in management and organizations, (4 Provide some recommendations in the light of the conclusions of the study. Empowerment is the process of enabling employees in many forms and ways including delegating, training and development, job rotation and fair promotion opportunities. A concise review of literature on empowerment, its types and forms, obstacles and ways of improving empowerment have been given in this study. The study employs descriptive-analytic approach in achieving its goals. It utilizes ready and primary sources of information and data. The study relies on related literature review along with primary data collected by means of questionnaire especially designed for this study. Major findings of the study include wide differences among researchers and practitioners regarding the meaning, nature, tools and applications of empowerment. Findings also shows that empowerment faces serious practical obstacles such as insufficient top management support, lack of awareness, absence of clear regulations on ways and tools of empowerment and insufficient funds. The study recommended carrying out more academic and practical activities regarding empowerment, updating laws and regulations to reinforcing empowerment practices and restructuring organizational culture and structure to create empowerment friendly environment.

  15. Consumer Empowerment Profile in Rural and Urban Area

    OpenAIRE

    Megawati Simanjuntak; Siti Amanah; Herien Puspitawati; Pang. S. Asngari

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to analyze the profile of consumer empowerment and the influence of demographic characteristics, socio-economic status and cosmopoliteness on consumer empowerment in rural and urban area. The research finding indicated a low consumer empowerment in urban and rural area. In general, most respondents who were not categorized as empowered consumer were aged >37 years old, working in rural areas, included in income category ranged IDR 397,874.57/capita/month both ...

  16. El empowerment como predictor del compromiso organizacional en las Pymes

    OpenAIRE

    Martha Ríos Manríquez; María del Rayo Téllez Ramírez; Julián Ferrer Guerra

    2010-01-01

    La relación entre las variables de empowerment y compromiso organizacional ha sido un campo poco explorado desde la perspectiva organizacional. Esta investigación establece el nivel de influencia del empowerment queexperimentanloscolaboradores con respecto al compromiso hacia la organización para la cual laboran. Se utiliza como referencia un modelo generado con base en la descripción del empowerment en cuatro dimensiones: significado, competencia, autodeterminación e impacto; y del compromis...

  17. Gender, social capital and empowerment in northern Ethiopia

    OpenAIRE

    Nega, Fredu; Mathijs, Erik; Deckers, Josef; Tollens, Eric

    2009-01-01

    This paper investigates the interactions between gender, social capital and empowerment in the rural areas of northern Ethiopia. We define empowerment narrowly as the power of households to make important decisions that change their course of life. Depending on the degree of control over decisions, the response of households is classified into passive, active and full control. A multinomial logit model is used to analyze empowerment levels of the rural households, first for the full sample of...

  18. Action research and empowerment in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, John; Bilfeldt, Annette; Jørgensen, Michael Søgaard

    2014-01-01

    Public Management 2. A marginalized urban area, where the objective was to develop a community centre which could strengthen social capital and facilitate empowerment of both residents and welfare workers 3. A local project about sustainable housing, where the objective was to design and build houses...... strengthen these actors’ capacity to actively influence the development of society and contribute to better social and environmental conditions. The first part of the chapter introduces the core concepts of action research and empowerment with references to international contributions. The next part concerns...... which could act as prototypes and inspiration for the development of sustainable housing. The chapter illustrates and discusses how action research can, with the active participation of local citizens, public employees, private employees and environmental organizations amongst others, contribute to...

  19. The logic of Black Economic Empowerment

    OpenAIRE

    Southall, Roger

    2006-01-01

    The policies relating to Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) in South Africa constitute a logical unfolding of a strategy which has been largely dictated by the history of the ruling African National Congress (ANC), the nature of the democratic settlement of 1994, and the structure of the South African economy. From this perspective, the logic of BEE can be pursued through ten propositions which argue that the ANC has sought control of the state to ‘internally decolonise’ South Africa. This incl...

  20. ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT OF RURALWOMEN THROUGH WOMEN'S ENTREPRENEURSHIP

    OpenAIRE

    Pavandeep Kaur

    2015-01-01

    Women in rural areas rely heavily on commercial service sector ,small-scale firms and home based micro enterprises for the livelihood of their families .Unfortunately, so far detailed and analytical study has not been undertaken on economic empowerment of rural women and their entrepreneurial development skills .An effort has been made in this paper is to identify various means of marketable areas and required entrepreneurial skills to transform the rural women status and to bring be...

  1. User Empowerment in the Internet of Things

    OpenAIRE

    Munjin, Dejan

    2013-01-01

    A key concern in the Internet of Things (IoT) has been the integration of mundane objects in the Internet. Although increasingly interconnected, the IoT ecosystem is largely industry-centered. This leads to the creation of limited and incompatible services disempowering users by hampering their participation. In this thesis, we address this issue by empowering users to create, personalize, and distribute services in the IoT ecosystem. We define a general framework for user empowerment relying...

  2. Gender Disparity and Women Empowerment in Assam

    OpenAIRE

    Nayak, Purusottam; Mahanta, Bidisha

    2015-01-01

    The present paper is an attempt to analyze the status of women vis-à-vis men and their empowerment in terms of various socioeconomic and political indicators such as access to education, employment, household decision making power, financial autonomy, freedom of movement, exposure to media, political participation, experience of domestic violence etc in the state of Assam using secondary data obtained from various sources. The study reveals that development process in the state is not gender ...

  3. Women's empowerment and reproductive experiences over the lifecourse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee-Rife, Susan M

    2010-08-01

    This paper examines the complex interplay between reproductive experiences and women's empowerment using rich life history data from a survey in India. Previous research has examined the influence of a rather limited range of reproductive events, focusing on how many children or sons a woman has borne, and has only superficially incorporated the insights of lifecourse theory. Furthermore, it has often conceptualized empowerment as a static characteristic rather than a time-varying one, and has often failed to examine the influence of empowerment resources or previous empowerment levels. I focus on the cumulative influence of less-studied reproductive events-including unwanted or mistimed pregnancy, stillbirths, miscarriages, and abortions-on several dimensions of women's empowerment, including mobility, financial decision-making, experiences of violence, and threats of abandonment or homelessness using data collected from 2435 women in Madhya Pradesh, India during a 2002 household-based probability sample survey. Logistic regression revealed that, notably, few reproductive events have an impact on women's current empowerment, but rather, the extent of empowerment immediately after marriage emerges as a strong determinant of their current empowerment. However, women who have had abortions have higher odds of experiencing domestic violence, and experiencing mistimed pregnancies lowers the odds of violence. Incorporating the potential influence of prior life events and conditions, accounting for the possibility that experiences may accumulate to shape women's current empowerment portrays women's lives more completely and helps to identify key points of intervention. PMID:20621752

  4. Consumers’ Empowerement for a New Marketing Paradigm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Danciu

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The marketing practices of the companies show that not all of them are observing ethical and moral standards and they manipulate the consumers. This paper has as main goal to examine the most usual unethical techniques, the present status of consumers’ power and how more power could work for a new marketing paradigm. There are many unethical marketing techniques which could be found in deceptive product recipes, packaging, promotion, prices and in other areas. Most consumers have no appropriate powers and tools to counteract the manipulation techniques and feel they have fewer rights than the marketers. The current state of empowerment of the consumer show that the European consumers are not in the best position in the market as the Consumer Empowerment Index proves. This matter of facts emphasizes a strong need for a better empowerment of the consumers. The consumer which has more power and wisely use it could improve the balance of power in the market. But the consumers should have a proactive buying behavior in order to get such results. These revolutionary consumers attack the structural roots of the social, economic and political problems which produces a new market ideology as a part of the new tier of transnational institutional ideology. This consumer behavior may have a strong influence toward a new marketing paradigm.

  5. The State and Empowerment Policies in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Joseph Chukuma Duru

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Since independence in 1960, successive governments in Nigeria have come up with various poverty alleviation strategies aimed at empowering Nigerians in rural and urban areas. Several of these programmes not withstanding, poverty in Nigeria remains an issue of great concern as over 75 per cent of the citizens live below poverty line.This paper seeks to examine the constructions of empowerment in Nigeria's poverty alleviation programmes with particular focus on the Obasanjo regime's Poverty Alleviation Programme (PAP. Methodologically, the paper utilizes predominantly secondary sources of data given its nature. And our findings reveal that poverty subsists in Nigeria despite all counter measures because the programmes and empowerment strategies so far adopted have remained remedial, and have fundamentally failed to address basic issues like enhancing the productive base of the society and youth empowerment. Thus, the paper concludes that poverty alleviation programmes can only make meaning when they seek a radical transformation of the society through qualitative and mass education both in rural and urban centres among other things.

  6. Women's empowerment across the life cycle and generations: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Djemaï, Elodie; Arestoff, Florence

    2013-01-01

    (english) Does female empowerment evolve over the life cycle, and has it changed across generations? We use data from the Demographic and Health Surveys covering a sample of about 191,000 adult women to evaluate the age, period and cohort effect regarding individual attitudes to marital violence. Pseudopanel data are constructed from repeated cross-sections from five African countries in the 2000s. The estimates show that, over the life cycle, women tend to think that marital violence is less...

  7. Empowerment gennem opgradering - En analyse af opgraderingsstrategiers potentielle effekter på empowerment af ghanesiske kakaobønder

    OpenAIRE

    Fristrup, Morten Ulrik; Sørensen, Mark

    2013-01-01

    En analyse af ghanesiske kakaobønders opgraderingsmuligheder og disses effekter på empowerment. En række opgraderingsstrategier undersøges gennem litteraturstudie, for at afdække de potentielle effekter af disse strategier. Dernæst analyseres disse opgraderingsstrategier ud fra empowerment teori, for at evaluere bøndernes muligheder for at opnå empowerment. Det konkluderes at Fairtrade certificering er den eneste strategi der har et specifikt fokus på empowerment af bønderne.

  8. Empowerment and personal assistance - resistance, consumer choice, partnership or discipline?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonfils, Inge Storgaard; Askheim, Ole Petter

    2014-01-01

    The concept of empowerment has been closely linked to the development of personal assistance (PA) and the independent living ideology. However, the use of the concept of empowerment has been disputed as it has begun to be used in both the marketization of the PA scheme and as a government strateg...... to be analysed as a tool of liberation for disabled people....

  9. Join the Art Club: Exploring Social Empowerment in Art Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Frances Johanna; Willis-Rauch, Mallori

    2014-01-01

    Social Empowerment Art Therapy (SEAT) aims to address the stigma of mental illness through the artistic empowerment of participants. The model was developed within an inpatient psychiatric setting from observations of a shared governance structure that empowered residents. Incorporating an open art studio approach and social action art therapy,…

  10. Women's Empowerment and Education: Linking Knowledge to Transformative Action

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stromquist, Nelly P.

    2015-01-01

    Women's empowerment is a concept that has acquired substantial recognition in the past decade. However, it is better known among international development organisations, NGOs, and grassroots groups than in academic circles. This article examines the concept of women's empowerment as a foundational element in a theory of social change in which the…

  11. Impact of Stakeholder Psychological Empowerment on Project Success

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herry Pintardi Chandra

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The relationship between psychological empowerment of stakeholders and project success is an important thing that must be known by project manager. This research developed and tested the model to predict how well the impact of stakeholder psychological empowerment on project success. Stakeholder psychological empowerment was defined to have five indicator variables covering intrinsic motivation, opportunity to perform, ability to perform, task behaviors, and contextual behaviors. Meanwhile, project success can be measured by cost performance, time performance, quality performance, profitability, and customer satisfaction. In this study, it was hypothesized that stakeholder psychological empowerment influenced project success. Based on the data obtained from a questionnaire survey carried out to 204 respondents, structural equation modeling (SEM was used for predicting the performance of project success. It was found that stakeholder psychological empowerment influenced project success, especially on the ability to perform of stakeholders.

  12. Engaged, committed and helpful employees: the role of psychological empowerment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macsinga, Irina; Sulea, Coralia; Sârbescu, Paul; Fischmann, Gabriel; Dumitru, Cătălina

    2015-01-01

    Although previous research has been focused on the relationship among personality, empowerment, and outcomes, little is known about the incremental effect of empowerment on positive work outcomes. This article aims at exploring the relation between personality factors (i.e., extraversion and conscientiousness) and positive work outcomes (i.e., work engagement, affective organizational commitment, and organizational citizenship behavior), and at determining the incremental effect of psychological empowerment on these outcomes. A convenience sample from three organizations has been used for data collection (N = 258; 52% women, mean age 38.55 years, SD = 10.21). Hierarchical multiple regressions indicate that personality and psychological empowerment explain a significant amount of the variance in the positive organizational outcomes, and that psychological empowerment has a significant incremental value over demographics and personality for the studied outcomes. PMID:25590342

  13. Psychological empowerment in French nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since the eighties, nuclear safety has been discussed in organizational studies and constitutes nowadays a specific stream with several standpoints. Regarding the reliability of nuclear plants, the nuclear safety literature has emphasized on the crucial role of individuals and human factors. Especially, some researchers have noticed rule breaking behavior and the impact of individual self-confidence on the behavior; but without deepening their analyses. As high self-esteem and confidence, i.e. psychological empowerment, naturally lead to innovation and rule breaking, the behavior can be analyzed, in such a regulated industry, as opposite to safety. Thus, this article aims at explaining the roots and discernable features of the observed psychological empowerment. Methods include an in-depth qualitative study in 4 nuclear power plants owned by Electricite de France (EDF), the French national nuclear power operator. Focused on the leading team of the plant, the set of data is composed of 35 interviews, 6 weeks of non-participant observation and internal documents. The content analysis has revealed two main pillars of psychological empowerment. On the first hand, the strong professional identity developed at the opening of the plants is based on initiative and risk-taking. In some ways, this professional identify fostered by commitment to a demanding job and the team, influences behavior more than do professional rules. On the second hand, the management discourse is perceived as ambiguous towards the strict application of the rules and tacitly legitimizes rule breaking behavior. This article details and exemplifies these phenomena and discusses the implications. (author)

  14. Empowerment y satisfacci??n laboral

    OpenAIRE

    Guzm??n Delfino, Camila Paz; Pontes Macarulla, Paula; Szuflita, Magdalena

    2015-01-01

    En el presente estudio se ha pretendido comprobar la relaci??n que posee el Empowerment con la Satisfacci??n Laboral. El motivo de este estudio reside en la importancia del trabajo en la vida de un individuo y por consiguiente la importancia de c??mo se siente este con respecto al trabajo que desempe??a en su vida personal y social. Es por ello que se ha realizado un investigaci??n basada en comprobar no s??lo hasta qu?? punto se relacionan estados variables sino que tambi??n la posible exis...

  15. An exploration of empowerment from the perspective of Irish nurses and midwives

    OpenAIRE

    Corbally, Melissa

    2004-01-01

    Empowerment is a complex and multifaceted construct. It is understood to be a perception of ability that can be influenced by numerous factors. Due to the subjective nature of human perception, there is a potential for empowerment to mean different things to different people. Empowerment theory is also equally diverse. Several research approaches have attempted to measure empowerment. Most of these have assumed its meaning which is problematic given the fact that empowerment is interpreted at...

  16. Promoção à saúde e empoderamento: uma reflexão a partir das perspectivas crítico-social pós-estruturalista Health promotion and empowerment: a reflection based on critical-social and post-structuralist perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Resende Carvalho

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, descrevemos o arcabouço teórico e as estratégias centrais da Promoção à Saúde, seguidos de uma análise crítica tanto intra como extra-paradigmática ao ideário do referido movimento. A partir de uma perspectiva intra-paradigmática, privilegiamos o enfoque ao qual se filia a Promoção à Saúde, as teorias crítico-sociais, para analisar um dos seus conceitos estruturantes - o conceito de empoderamento -, explorando seu potencial para a transformação das práticas comunitárias e profissionais em saúde. A seguir, refletimos sobre a Promoção à Saúde a partir de uma perspectiva extra-paradigmática, buscando nas teorias pós-estruturalistas novas possibilidades analíticas para entender as relações de poder que se estabelecem a partir das práticas e políticas de Promoção à Saúde. Ao longo deste artigo, articulamos os princípios teóricos explorados a questões contextuais e a debates atuais na área da saúde no Brasil.In this paper we describe the theoretical framework and the core strategies of health promotion followed by a critical intra- and extra-paradigmatic analysis of the key ideas of this movement. From an intra-paradigmatic perspective we privilege a critical social theory perspective for analyzing one of the key concepts of health promotion - empowerment - exploring its potential to transform community and professional practices in the field of health. Next, we reflect about health promotion from an extra-paradigmatic perspective, seeking in the post-structuralist theories new analytical possibilities for understanding the power relations that establish themselves on the basis of practices and policies of health promotion. Throughout this article, we articulate the explored theoretical principles to contextual questions and current debates in the field of health in Brazil.

  17. A Qualitative Study on Role of Self Help Group in Women Empowerment in Rural Pondicherry, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahu Lopamudra, Singh Suresh K

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Bacground: Women empowerment is an essential precondition for elimination of poverty. Many International and National bodies have stressed on women empowerment giving attention to their participation in society, decision-making, education and health. In India, Micro finance and Self Help Group (SHG intervention have brought tremendous change in the life of women at the grass root level. Currently around 1640 SHGs exist in Pondicherry and are successfully managed by women. Aim: To assess the role of Self-Help Groups in empowerment of women of rural Pondicherry. Methodology: It was a community based qualitatively study. Focus Group Discussions (FGD were conducted among six SHG groups (one each selected on feasibility basis. The SHG members’ perception of improvement in different pre determined domains were assessed. Content analysis was done manually and the key findings were noted. Results: The key responses were ‘increased participation in household decision making’, ‘gaining respect in family’, ‘increased savings’, ‘meeting family expenses’, ‘improved political knowledge’, ‘independence’, ‘confidence’ etc. They said to have gained respect and trust in society and were able to plan for the future of their families. Conclusions: Self Help Groups played very important role in Women empowerment and should be promoted for economic development of the country.

  18. Empowerment and performance in local government : the impact of empowerment strategies on service improvement

    OpenAIRE

    Tickner, Leslie

    2010-01-01

    This study examines the impact an empowerment strategy may have when applied to public sector employees delivering Environmental Services. The study employs a case study method as its central research strategy with ten sample local authorities chosen as strategic informants. The key issues considered were the relevance of the appropriate structure within the organisation, the importance of employee engagement, the impact of the management or leadership style, and the opportunity for implement...

  19. Migration-induced Transfers of Norms. Political Empowerment?The case of Female Political Empowerment

    OpenAIRE

    Elisabetta Lodigiani; Sara Salomone

    2015-01-01

    This paper empirically investigates the effect of transnational migrants on gender equality in the country of origin measured by the share of women enrolled in the lower chamber of National Parliaments. We test for a �migration-induced transfer of norm� using panel data from 1960 to 2010 in ten-year intervals. Total international migration has a significant effect on female political empowerment in countries of origin conditional on the initial female parliamentary participation in both origi...

  20. A philosophical analysis of the concept empowerment; the fundament of an education-programme to the frail elderly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hage, Anne Merete; Lorensen, Margarethe

    2005-10-01

    The word 'empowerment' has become a popular term, widely used as an important claim, also within the health services. In this paper the concept's philosophical roots are traced from Freire and his 'Pedagogy of the Oppressed' to the philosophical thoughts of Hegel, Habermas, and Sartre. An understanding of the concept, as a way to facilitate coping and well-being in patients through reflection and dialogue, emerges. Within an empowerment strategy the important claim on the nurse and the patient will be to reveal the patient's own resources and limitations in times with sickness and reduced functionality to promote the patient's choice to act and cope. From this point of view an education-programme for the frail elderly is outlined. If the nurse wants to empower the elderly patient she has to be willing to be educated through the dialogue with the patient, and to look for the patient's own meaning of being frail and elderly. The coping and self-care solutions for the patient may then even be different from the preferences of the nurse, and this does not mean that the empowerment strategy is a failure or that the patient then has to continue without the assistance from the nurse. Within an empowerment strategy, in the Freirerian sense, the important thing is that both the patient and the nurse together critically reflect on the meanings of the sickness so that the patient can be able to make his own conscious choices. PMID:16135215

  1. Empowerment: ciclo de implementação, dimensões e tipologia Empowerment: implementation cycle, dimensions and typology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Heloisa Ribeiro Rodrigues

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available O empowerment é uma abordagem de projeto de trabalho que objetiva a delegação de poder de decisão, autonomia e participação dos funcionários na administração das empresas. Este artigo mostra as especificidades do empowerment em termos de suas dimensões, ciclo de implementação e tipologia. Discutem-se as etapas do ciclo de implementação do empowerment com o objetivo de enfatizar sua complexidade e sua natureza estratégica. Como dimensões tratadas têm-se: a visão compartilhada, a estrutura organizacional e o gerenciamento, a responsabilidade pela gestão do conhecimento e aprendizagem, e o reconhecimento institucional dos funcionários. A diversidade do empowerment é analisada em função de dois tipos de autoridade para tomada de decisão: sobre o conteúdo do trabalho e a sobre o contexto do trabalho. Com base nesta análise, os seguintes tipos de empowerment são apresentados: nulo, estabelecimento de atividades, participativo, definição de missão e auto-gerenciamento. Estabelecem-se também relações do empowerment com as configurações organizacionais, os estágios evolutivos das áreas funcionais e a administração de recursos humanos.Empowerment is an approach of work design which aims at delegating decision power, autonomy and employees’ participation in managing the company. This paper shows the peculiarities of empowerment in terms of its dimension, implementation cycle and typology. The steps of its implementation cycle are discussed in order to highlight its complexity and strategic nature. The following dimensions are presented: shared vision, organizational structure and management, responsibility for knowledge management and learning, and employees’ institutional recognition. The diversity of empowerment is analyzed in function of two types of authority for decision-making: over job content and over job context. Based on this analysis, the following typology of empowerment is presented: no discretion

  2. Nurses' views on empowerment: a critical social theory perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fulton, Y

    1997-09-01

    This is the first study which describes British nurses' views on the concept of empowerment. Despite the frequent call for nurses to empower patients there was no evidence in the literature about British nurses' views. The study was carried out prior to a course exploring empowerment for practice. Focus groups were used to gather the data. Critical social theory and the work of Paulo Freire (1972) and Jurgen Habermas (1971, 1979) was used as a theoretical framework to underpin the enquiry. Taped interview transcripts were analysed thematically. Four categories emerged from the data to provide the framework for the themes: 'empowerment', 'having personal power', 'relationships within the multidisciplinary team', and 'feeling right about oneself'. It is suggested that the nurses in this study manifested signs of being oppressed and striving for liberation. The limitations of the study are identified, but the overall conclusion is that the teaching of critical social theories as an empowerment paradigm is relevant in nurse education today. PMID:9378874

  3. Women's Empowerment in Agricultural Index: Proof of Concept

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — The index is a significant innovation in its field that measures multiple indicators of empowerment, and generates "scores" that can be compared over time. It is...

  4. Human Resources Empowerment and Its Role in the Sustainable Tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Fateme Tohidy Ardahaey; Hamid Nabilou

    2011-01-01

    During the last decades, the tendency of tourism sector development has been manifested obviously, considering training and empowering human resources involved in this industry, especially in the most industrialized countries. This research aims to study the role of human resource empowerment in the development of tourism industry. After clarifying the concept of empowerment, its importance and its role in sustainable development, the objectives of tourism industry and winning customers’ sati...

  5. A review on an employee empowerment in TQM practice

    OpenAIRE

    S. Thamizhmanii; Hasan, S.

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: This paper discusses the issues of employee’s empowerment, their training needs, suggestions and other issues related to it. Total quality management (TQM) is a management technique adopted by the most manufacturing organizations. TQM in general is viewed as organization set up which will help to manufacture products at lowest cost by the following various management techniques through continuous improvement. Employee empowerment is providing decision making powers to a team or an in...

  6. Empowerment Experiences of Kenyan Mothers living in Finland

    OpenAIRE

    Ndungu, Lucy

    2010-01-01

    ABSTRACT Ndungu Lucy. Empowerment experiences of Kenyan mothers living in Finland. Järvenpää, Spring 2010, 41 p., 2 appendices. Diaconia University of Applied Sciences, Diak South, Järvenpää Unit, Degree programme in Social Services. (UAS) The research was carried out in Helsinki area in Finland and it is based on Kenyan mothers' experiences. The aim of the study is to gain from opportunities Kenyan mothers attain in Finland, as empowerment tools to change Kenyans living standar...

  7. Relationship Between Psychological Empowerment and Productivity of Medical Librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zare, Maliheh; Zarmehr, Fateme; Ashrafi-rizi, Hasan

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Psychological empowerment is really important and has remarkable effect on different organizational variables such as job satisfaction, organizational commitment, productivity, etc. So the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between psychological empowerment and productivity of Librarians in Isfahan Medical University. Methods: This was correlational research. Data were collected through two questionnaires. Psychological empowerment questionnaire and the manpower productivity questionnaire of Gold. Smith Hersey which their content validity was confirmed by experts and their reliability was obtained by using Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient, 0.89 and 0.9 respectively. Due to limited statistical population, did not used sampling and review was taken via census. So 76 number of librarians were evaluated. Information were reported on both descriptive and inferential statistics (correlation coefficient tests Pearson, Spearman, T-test, ANOVA), and analyzed by using the SPSS19 software. Findings: In our study, the trust between partners and efficacy with productivity had the highest correlation. Also there was a direct relationship between psychological empowerment and the productivity of labor (r =0.204). In other words, with rising of mean score of psychological empowerment, the mean score of efficiency increase too. Conclusions: The results showed that if development programs of librarian’s psychological empowerment increase in order to their productivity, librarians carry out their duties with better sense. Also with using the capabilities of librarians, the development of creativity with happen and organizational productivity will increase. PMID:26236079

  8. EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN THROUGH HUMAN RIGHTS EDUCATION: AN ANALYSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SANTOSH PANDURANG RATHO

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Every woman, man, youth and child has the human right to education, trainingand information, and to other fundamental human rights dependent upon realization ofthe human right to education. Equality of access to all levels of education is crucial toempowering women and girls to participate in economic, social and political life of theirsocieties. Education unlocks a woman¹s potential, and is accompanied by improvementsin health, nutrition, and well-being of women and their families. Human rightseducation, training and public information are, therefore, necessary and essential forthe promotion and achievement of stable and harmonious relations among thecommunities and for fostering mutual understanding, tolerance and peace. Through thelearning of human rights as a way of life, fundamental change could be brought about toeradicate poverty, ignorance, prejudices, and discrimination based on sex, caste,religion, and disability and other status amongst the people. Human Rights Educationserves as means of understanding and embracing principles of human equality, dignityand commitment to respect and protect the rights of all. Once the people grasp humanrights concept, they begin to look for their realization in their own lives, examining theircommunities, families and personal experiences through the human rights lens. Thispaper analyses the Empowerment of Women through Human Rights Education.

  9. Lecciones globales de la reforma mexicana de salud: empoderamiento a través del uso de evidencias Global lessons of the mexican health reform: empowerment through the use of evidence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Frenk

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se ilustra, con la reciente reforma al sistema mexicano de salud, el potencial del conocimiento en el diseño e implantación de las políticas públicas. En primer lugar se discute la relación entre conocimiento y salud. En una segunda parte se describen los esfuerzos que se llevaron a cabo en México para generar evidencias que eventualmente nutrieron el diseño e implantación de las políticas locales de salud. En seguida se analizan los contenidos de la reforma del sistema mexicano de salud y su concepto rector, La democratización de la atención a la salud. El artículo concluye con una discusión de las lecciones globales de esta experiencia de reforma.This paper illustrates, using as an example the recent reform of the Mexican health system, the potential of knowledge in the design and implementation of public policies. In the first part the relationship between knowledge and health is described. In part two, the efforts in Mexico to generate evidence that would eventually nourish the design and implementation of health policies are discussed. In the following sections the content and the guiding concept of the reform, the democratization of health, are analyzed. The paper concludes with the discussion of the main global lessons of this reform experience.

  10. Empowerment of disability benefit claimants through an interactive website: design of a randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruinvels David J

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Individuals claiming a disability benefit after long-term sickness absence, have to undergo medical disability assessments. These assessments, often carried out by specialized physicians, can be complicated by wrong expectations or defensive attitudes of disability benefit claimants. It is hypothesized that empowerment of these claimants will enhance the physician-patient relationship by shifting claimants from a passive role to a more active and constructive role during disability assessments. Furthermore, empowerment of claimants may lead to a more realistic expectation and acceptance of the assessment outcome among claimants and may lead to a more accurate assessment by the physician. Methods/Design In a two-armed randomized controlled trial (RCT, 230 claimants will be randomized to either the intervention or control group. For the intervention group, an interactive website was designed http://www.wiagesprek.nl using an Intervention Mapping procedure. This website was tested during a pilot study among 51 claimants. The final version of the website consists of five interactive modules, in which claimants will be prepared and empowered step-by-step, prior to their upcoming disability assessment. Other website components are a forum, a personal health record, a personal diary, and information on disability assessment procedures, return to work, and coping with disease and work disability. Subjects from the control group will be directed to a website with commonly available information only. Approximately two weeks prior to their disability assessment, disability claimants will be recruited through the Dutch Workers Insurance Authority (UWV. Outcomes will be assessed at five occasions: directly after recruitment (baseline, prior to disability assessment, directly after disability assessment as well as 6 and 16 weeks after the assessment. The study's primary outcome is empowerment, measured with the Vrijbaan questionnaire

  11. The use of PHC clinic-based women’s groups for financial empowerment in a rural area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LR Uys

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available The article is based on a four-year project during which Primary Health Care (PHC nurses worked with women’s groups in their areas. The aim of the study was to explore the involvement of PHC nurses in economic empowerment, both in terms of health promotion and in terms of the PHC approach. In particular the objectives were to establish whether nurses could lead economic empowerment groups, whether such groups could establish adequate external links and become financially viable. Eleven groups were used as case studies, and a cross-case analysis was done in terms of the three objectives. It was found that between the women and the nurses, adequate leadership existed for the groups to function well. Very limited external linkages were established, notwithstanding efforts in this regard. Nine out of 11 groups contributed to financial welfare of their members after 18 months, but a range of problems with regard to financial viability are identified.

  12. Improving healthcare empowerment through breast cancer patient navigation: a mixed methods evaluation in a safety-net setting

    OpenAIRE

    Gabitova, Guzyal; Burke, Nancy J.

    2014-01-01

    Background Breast cancer mortality rates in the U.S. remain relatively high, particularly among ethnic minorities and low-income populations. Unequal access to quality care, lower follow up rates, and poor treatment adherence contribute to rising disparities among these groups. Healthcare empowerment (HCE) is theorized to improve patient outcomes through collaboration with providers and improving understanding of and compliance with treatment. Patient navigation is a health care organizationa...

  13. Child Empowerment and Individual Choice : An analysis of the Indian law with the help of Nussbaum’s Capabilities approach

    OpenAIRE

    Karavoulias, Caroline

    2015-01-01

    More than half of all the girls in India today are married before the age of 18. This derives from gender inequality and discrimination, which has lead to several health issues. At the same time, the Indian state has passed legislation prohibiting the practice of child marriage and made it possible for girls to void their marriages. The law gives the girls more empowerment even if they are minor, which poses some further issues related to age, consent and substantial freedom. The contradictio...

  14. The Healthy Lifestyle and Personal Control Questionnaire (HLPCQ): a novel tool for assessing self-empowerment through a constellation of daily activities

    OpenAIRE

    Darviri, Christina; Alexopoulos, Evangelos C.; Artemiadis, Artemios K; Tigani, Xanthi; Kraniotou, Christina; Darvyri, Panagiota; Chrousos, George P.

    2014-01-01

    Background The main goal of stress management and health promotion programs is to improve health by empowering people to take control over their lives. Daily health-related lifestyle choices are integral targets of these interventions and critical to evaluating their efficacy. To date, concepts such as self-efficacy, self-control and empowerment are assessed by tools that only partially address daily lifestyle choices. The aim of this study is to validate a novel measurement tool, the Healthy...

  15. The relationship of human resource development manager empowerment to organizational conditions

    OpenAIRE

    Black, Janice Adele

    1993-01-01

    The problem for this study was to analyze the relationship between human resource development (HRD) manager empowerment and four organizational conditions. Three research questions guided the study. These were: (a) what was a viable starting point for an operational definition of HRD manager empowerment, (b) what was the dimensional nature of HRD manager empowerment, and (c) what was the relationship between HRD manager empowerment and organizational support, trust, communication, and collabo...

  16. An examination of the relationship between empowerment and organizational commitment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Zarei Matin

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This research based on “Whetten” (1990 and “Spreitzer” (1992 is carried out according to the matter that empowerment is multilateral and 4 dimensions that are competence, meaning, self-determination (choice, impact and also trust are emphasized. “Meyer & Allen” commitment model consist of 3 dimensions: affective, continuance and normative commitment. Because of, both empowerment and organizational commitment are important and issues in modern societies, the research address their relations. Regarding the purpose, present research is an applied study and regarding data collection, it is descriptive and survey. It is also called correlation research. The sample for this study includes experts of Qom Industries & Mines Organization and Qom Standard & Industrial Research Organization who have bachelor degree or higher and be used sampling method for this homogenous statistical community. After distributing and gathering relevant questionnaires, the results are analyzed by Spss software. According to the research`s findings the correlation of trust and organizational commitment is not rather than other dimensions and this assumption is rejected but they indicates a relationship between empowerment and organizational commitment. There are relationships between 4 dimensions of empowerment and trust and organizational commitment. Finally, the dimensions of empowerment and commitment are ranked by Freedman test of which competence, normative and continuance commitment obtain the highest rank

  17. An examination of the relationship between empowerment and organizational commitment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gholamreza Jandaghi

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This research based on “Whetten” (1990 and “Spreitzer” (1992 is carried out according to the matter that empowerment is multilateral and 4 dimensions that are competence, meaning, self-determination (choice, impact and also trust are emphasized. “Meyer & Allen” commitment model consist of 3 dimensions: affective, continuance and normative commitment. Because of, both empowerment and organizational commitment are important and issues in modern societies, the research address their relations.   Regarding the purpose, present research is an applied study and regarding data collection, it is descriptive and survey. It is also called correlation research. The sample for this study includes experts of Qom Industries & Mines Organization and Qom Standard & Industrial Research Organization who have bachelor degree or higher and be used sampling method for this homogenous statistical community. After distributing and gathering relevant questionnaires, the results are analyzed by Spss software. According to the research`s findings the correlation of trust and organizational commitment is not rather than other dimensions and this assumption is rejected but they indicates a relationship between empowerment and organizational commitment. There are relationships between 4 dimensions of empowerment and trust and organizational commitment. Finally, the dimensions of empowerment and commitment are ranked by Freedman test of which competence, normative and continuance commitment obtain the highest rank

  18. A review on an employee empowerment in TQM practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Thamizhmanii

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: This paper discusses the issues of employee’s empowerment, their training needs, suggestions and other issues related to it. Total quality management (TQM is a management technique adopted by the most manufacturing organizations. TQM in general is viewed as organization set up which will help to manufacture products at lowest cost by the following various management techniques through continuous improvement. Employee empowerment is providing decision making powers to a team or an individual.Design/methodology/approach: Employee empowerment is providing decision making powers for a team or individual.Findings: Employee empowerment is good for an organization and employee is empowered to make specific decision for the interest of the organization. Empowerment helps to play a wider role in an organization as a process owner.Research limitations/implications: This is a conceptual study, and hence, there is no hypothesis tested as an empirical study. It does provide a good foundation for future research.Originality/value: The paper is a conceptual design and more elaborative requirements can be done. This is an input to create awareness among the organizations.

  19. Perceptions of Tourist Guides on Employee Empowerment: Behavioral Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuray Tetik

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to determine the perceptions of tourist guides on employee empowerment in the context of behavioral approach. Employee empowerment practises of travelagency operation department managers were tried to determine in the view of tourist guides. In this frame, a questionnaire was developed and applied totourist guides who worked as a guide actively in the English language. Data, obtained between 2014 and 2015, was analyzed by using the SPSS statistical program. In this frame reliability analysis and factor analysis were used. Also independent samples t test and ANOVA test were used in order to determine whether there was a siginificant differences between independent variables and scale items. According to the results tourist guides had positive perceptions about employee empowerment practices. Operation managers were mostly applied employee empowerment about communication, giving responsibility and applying personal capabilities to work. Congratulating successes, giving knowledge and education and encouraging had the lowest mean scores according to tourist guides. In addition, it was determined in the study that there was a significant difference between ge nders, ages and working years in terms of employee empowerment. Considering this result male guides felt more empowered than female guides. Also, it was determined that the more years they work the more they feel empowered

  20. Factors Associated with the Empowerment of Japanese Families Raising a Child with Developmental Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wakimizu, Rie; Fujioka, Hiroshi; Yoneyama, Akira; Iejima, Atsushi; Miyamoto, Shinya

    2011-01-01

    We identified factors associated with the empowerment of Japanese families using the Family Empowerment Scale (FES) to contribute to the improvement of empowerment in Japanese families raising a child with developmental disorders (DDs). The study was conducted in 350 caregivers who raised children aged 4-18 years with DDs in urban and suburban…

  1. Single Session Email Consultation for Parents: An Evaluation of Its Effect on Empowerment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nieuwboer, Christa C.; Fukkink, Ruben G.; Hermanns, Jo M. A.

    2015-01-01

    This study evaluated the effect of single session email consultation (SSEC) on empowerment of parents. Practitioners in a control group (n = 19) received no training and practitioners in an experimental group (n = 21) were trained to use empowerment-oriented techniques in online consultation. Parental empowerment was measured (n = 96) through a…

  2. "We Are Now Free to Speak": Qualitative Evaluation of an Education and Empowerment Training for HIV Patients in Namibia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacLachlan, Ellen W; Potter, Katy; Hamunime, Ndapewa; Shepard-Perry, Mark G; Uusiku, James; Simwanza, Ricky; Brandt, Laura J; O'Malley, Gabrielle

    2016-01-01

    Although numerous studies provide evidence that active patient engagement with health care providers improves critical outcomes such as medication adherence, very few of these have been done in low resource settings. In Namibia, patient education and empowerment trainings were conducted in four antiretroviral (ART) clinics to increase patient engagement during patient-provider interactions. This qualitative study supplements findings from a randomized controlled trial, by analyzing data from 10 in-depth patient interviews and 94 training evaluation forms. A blended approach of deductive and inductive coding was used to understand training impact. Findings indicated the trainings increased patients' self-efficacy through a combination of improved HIV-related knowledge, greater communication skills and enhanced ability to overcome complex psychosocial barriers, such as fear of speaking up to providers. This study suggests patient empowerment training may be a powerful method to engage HIV patients in their own care and treatment. PMID:27054712

  3. Self-Empowerment of Immigrant Latina Survivors of Domestic Violence: A Promotora Model of Community Leadership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serrata, Josephine V; Hernandez-Martinez, Martha; Macias, R Lillianne

    2016-03-01

    This article presents the results of a self-empowerment leadership intervention program for Latina immigrant survivors of domestic violence in Atlanta, Georgia. It builds on the literature base of the Promotora model, a public health model using peer information sharing as a tool for health promotion. This study used an embedded mixed-methods design with quantitative and qualitative components to evaluate the impact of a peer community leadership program called Líderes Results of single-subject analyses show that the participants experienced change in three components of self-empowerment: intrapersonal, interactional, and behavioral. The qualitative findings revealed that they overcame fear and gained knowledge as well as a sense that they could promote change in their community. These findings add support to a growing literature base that demonstrates how peer model programs can not only positively influence the well-being of the communities they serve but also have transformative effects on peer leaders themselves. Study findings can also inform future efforts to empower survivors through promotora approaches specifically in the context of domestic violence prevention. PMID:27257189

  4. Energy and women's economic empowerment: Rethinking the benefits of improved cookstove use in rural India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seaward, James Nicholas

    International development organizations have recently ramped up efforts to promote the use of improved cookstoves (ICS) in developing countries, aiming to reduce the harmful environmental and public health impacts of the burning of biomass for cooking and heating. I hypothesize that ICS use also has additional benefits---economic and social benefits---that can contribute to women's economic empowerment in the developing world. To explore the relationship between ICS use and women's economic empowerment, I use Ordinary Least Squares and Logit models based on data from the India Human Development Survey (IHDS) to analyze differences between women living in households that use ICS and those living in homes that use traditional cookstoves. My regression results reveal that ICS use has a statistically significant and negative effect on the amount of time women and girls spend on fuel collection and a statistically significant and positive effect on the likelihood of women's participation in side businesses, but does not have a statistically significant effect on the likelihood of lost productivity. My analysis shows promise that in addition to health and environmental benefits, fuel-efficient cooking technologies can also have social and economic impacts that are especially beneficial to women. It is my hope that the analysis provided in this paper will be used to further the dialogue about the importance of women's access to modern energy services in the fight to improve women's living standards in the developing world.

  5. Community mobilisation and empowerment interventions as part of HIV prevention for female sex workers in Southern India: a cost-effectiveness analysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Vassall

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Most HIV prevention for female sex workers (FSWs focuses on individual behaviour change involving peer educators, condom promotion and the provision of sexual health services. However, there is a growing recognition of the need to address broader societal, contextual and structural factors contributing to FSW risk behaviour. We assess the cost-effectiveness of adding community mobilisation (CM and empowerment interventions (eg. community mobilisation, community involvement in programme management and services, violence reduction, and addressing legal policies and police practices, to core HIV prevention services delivered as part of Avahan in two districts (Bellary and Belgaum of Karnataka state, Southern India. METHODS: An ingredients approach was used to estimate economic costs in US$ 2011 from an HIV programme perspective of CM and empowerment interventions over a seven year period (2004-2011. Incremental impact, in terms of HIV infections averted, was estimated using a two-stage process. An 'exposure analysis' explored whether exposure to CM was associated with FSW's empowerment, risk behaviours and HIV/STI prevalence. Pathway analyses were then used to estimate the extent to which behaviour change may be attributable to CM and to inform a dynamic HIV transmission model. FINDINGS: The incremental costs of CM and empowerment were US$ 307,711 in Belgaum and US$ 592,903 in Bellary over seven years (2004-2011. Over a 7-year period (2004-2011 the mean (standard deviation, sd. number of HIV infections averted through CM and empowerment is estimated to be 1257 (308 in Belgaum and 2775 (1260 in Bellary. This translates in a mean (sd. incremental cost per disability adjusted life year (DALY averted of US$ 14.12 (3.68 in Belgaum and US$ 13.48 (6.80 for Bellary--well below the World Health Organisation recommended willingness to pay threshold for India. When savings from ART are taken into account, investments in CM and empowerment are cost

  6. Citizen participation and empowerment: the case of local environmental hazards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rich, R C; Edelstein, M; Hallman, W K; Wandersman, A H

    1995-10-01

    Local environmental hazards place millions of citizens at risk of physical, emotional, and financial harm. While the discovery of such hazards can be fundamentally disempowering for individuals and communities, few scholars have examined the dynamics of empowerment in this context. We explore the relationships among forms of empowerment, citizen participation, and local environmental hazards, and offer a model of the processes of empowerment and disempowerment appropriate to a broad range of citizen issues. On the basis of this analysis we recommend a partnership approach to community decision making that is designed both to reduce the likelihood that local environmental hazards will develop and to minimize the disempowering impact of any threats that do occur. PMID:8851344

  7. Perceived overqualification and its outcomes: the moderating role of empowerment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erdogan, Berrin; Bauer, Talya N

    2009-03-01

    Research shows that perceived overqualification is related to lower job attitudes and greater withdrawal behaviors but to higher supervisor ratings of performance. Drawing upon relative deprivation theory, the authors proposed and tested empowerment as a moderator of the relationship between perceived overqualification and job satisfaction, intentions to remain, voluntary turnover, and objective sales performance to examine if negative outcomes could be lessened while stimulating even higher performance. Hierarchical linear modeling results from a sample of 244 sales associates working in 25 stores of a Turkish retail chain show that empowerment ameliorated the negative effects of perceived overqualification on job satisfaction, intentions to remain, and voluntary turnover. Empowerment did not affect the positive relationship between perceived overqualification and objective sales performance. PMID:19271809

  8. Exploring empowerment in settings: mapping distributions of network power.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neal, Jennifer Watling

    2014-06-01

    This paper brings together two trends in the empowerment literature-understanding empowerment in settings and understanding empowerment as relational-by examining what makes settings empowering from a social network perspective. Specifically, extending Neal and Neal's (Am J Community Psychol 48(3/4):157-167, 2011) conception of network power, an empowering setting is defined as one in which (1) actors have existing relationships that allow for the exchange of resources and (2) the distribution of network power among actors in the setting is roughly equal. The paper includes a description of how researchers can examine distributions of network power in settings. Next, this process is illustrated in both an abstract example and using empirical data on early adolescents' peer relationships in urban classrooms. Finally, implications for theory, methods, and intervention related to understanding empowering settings are explored. PMID:24213301

  9. What are parents' perspectives on psychological empowerment in the MMR vaccination decision? A focus group study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fadda, Marta; Galimberti, Elisa; Carraro, Valter; Schulz, Peter J

    2016-01-01

    Objectives Most developed countries do not have compulsory immunisation requirements, but instead issue recommendations. Although parents are expected to make an informed, autonomous (ie, empowered) decision regarding their children's vaccinations, there is no evidence about how parents' interpret this demand nor on the latitude of their decision-making. The goal of this study is to gain insights from parents residing in a low measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) uptake area on what constitutes feelings of empowerment in the decision they have to make on their child's MMR vaccination. Design A qualitative study employing focus group interviews. Setting 11 vaccination centres and hospitals in the Province of Trento, Italy. Participants 24 mothers and 4 fathers of children for whom the MMR vaccination decision was still pending participated in 6 focus groups. Results Autonomy and competence were salient themes in relation to empowerment, and were further connected with beliefs regarding legal responsibility and ethics of freedom concerning the decision, parents' relationship with the paediatrician (trust), feelings of relevance of the decision and related stress, and seeking, avoidance, or fear of vaccination-related information. Competence was interpreted as medical knowledge and information-seeking skills, but it was also related to the extent parents perceived the paediatrician to be competent. Conclusions Since parents' interpretation of empowerment goes beyond mere perceptions of being informed and autonomous and differs across individuals, it is important that this construct be correctly interpreted and implemented by best practice, for instance by explicitly adopting a relational conception of autonomy. Knowing whether parents want to make an empowered decision and what their information and autonomy needs are might help health professionals adapt their communication about immunisation, and promote parental perception of making an informed, autonomous decision. PMID

  10. Empoderamiento: Proceso, Nivel y Contexto Empowerment: Process, Level, and Context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Silva

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se discute el fenómeno del empoderamiento y se analiza la distinción teórica entre proceso y resultado de empoderamiento (Zimmerman, 2000. A partir de las formulaciones de este autor y el aporte de una perspectiva interaccional (Bronfenbrenner, 1987, se sostiene que aquella diferenciación es poco viable en términos objetivos y absolutos o de esencia, pero sí útil, en términos analíticos, desde la percepción de la propia comunidad involucrada, que debe ser comprendida por el colaborador externo. También se propone establecer una diferencia entre contexto y nivel de empoderamiento, y analizar el contexto del fenómeno en los niveles individual, organizacional y comunitario del agregado social, lo que aporta claridad a su definición. De esta manera adquiere centralidad la concepción del empoderamiento como proceso en sucesivos contextos que benefician no sólo a los individuos sino que a los colectivos socialesA critical analysis of the concept of empowerment and the theoretical distinction between empowerment process and outcome (Zimmerman, 2000 are presented. Based on Zimmerman's conceptualisation, and the interaccional perspective (Bronfenbrenner, 1987, we argue that the distinction between empowerment process and outcome, though analytically useful (if based on the perception of the community itself from their own experience, which must be understood by professional agent is not always viable in absolute or objective terms. In addition, we suggest to distinguish between context and level of analyses in empowerment theory, and to analyze the context of the empowerment phenomenon at the individual, organizational and community level, which clarifies the definition of each of them. In sum, empowerment is conceived as a process within successive contexts that benefits not only individuals, but also different social aggregate kinds of groups

  11. Liderazgo con Empowerment: Promotor de la innovación

    OpenAIRE

    Elsa Emilia Petit Torres; Lorena Beatriz Gutiérrez González

    2007-01-01

    En este artículo se describe el Modelo de Liderazgo con Empowerment para identificar su perfil promotor de la innovación en las organizaciones empresariales. Se adoptó una estrategia de investigación cualitativa basada en la aplicación del método interpretativo, propuesto por Joseph Kockelmans (1975), el cual se fundamenta en la técnica de análisis de contenido de artículos especializados. Se describe el Modelo de Liderazgo Empowerment como promotor de la innovación bajo la consideración de l...

  12. Research on Influencing Factors of Salespeople's Empowerment Readiness in Green Energy Enterprise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Yuan; Liu, Xiaohui

    As market competition in green energy enterprises continues to intensify, marketing activities are enlarging and customer demand is increasingly growing and diversifying. More and more green energy enterprises have empowered their own salespeople. And managers in green energy enterprises are more concerned with the issues which employees suit to be empowered and which factors will influence employee empowerment readiness. This paper proposes the definition of salespeople's empowerment readiness, analyzes influencing factors of salespeople's empowerment readiness, discusses the effect mechanism of influencing factors of salespeople's empowerment readiness, finally, and puts forward some suggestions to enhance salespeople's empowerment readiness from the perspective of human resource management practice.

  13. The Effect of Empowerment Model on Quality of Life of Diabetic Adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Kazemnejad

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: The purpose of this research is to estimate the effect of empowerment model on quality of life of diabetic adolescents. Methods: The present semi experimental applied research was carried out on 47 diabetic adolescents in two health centers using census approach in order to investigate the effect of empowerment – model on their quality of life of diabetic adolescents in 2005-2006. The samples were randomly divided into two groups of case and control. The research tools included: the questionnaires of demographic information (characteristics, special quality of life, knowledge, self-efficacy and self-esteem of the adolescents. The validity and reliability of the questionnaires were evaluated by content validity and alfa–chrounbach tests respectively. After collecting the pre-intervention data, the empowerment–model was performed on the samples of the case group according to its triple steps (perceived threat, problem solving and evaluation. Then, the data were collected and analyzed 2/5 months after the empowerment intervention. Findings: The obtained results are as follows: Chi–square test showed no significant difference between the groups of case and control in terms of their demographic characteristics (such as age, gender, literacy (P>0.05. Independent t-test indicated no significant difference between the two groups in terms of their quality of life before and after the empowerment intervention (P>0.05, but there was a significant difference between the two groups after the intervention in terms of dif-scores of the quality of life (P<0.001. Based on the results of applied paired t-test, there was a significant difference before and after the intervention in the case group in terms of their mean quality of life (P<0.001. Conclusions: Overwhelmingly, according to our findings in the present research, implementation of the empowerment–model intervention has been highly effective on the diabetic adolescent's quality

  14. El empowerment como predictor del compromiso organizacional en las Pymes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Ríos Manríquez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La relación entre las variables de empowerment y compromiso organizacional ha sido un campo poco explorado desde la perspectiva organizacional. Esta investigación establece el nivel de influencia del empowerment queexperimentanloscolaboradores con respecto al compromiso hacia la organización para la cual laboran. Se utiliza como referencia un modelo generado con base en la descripción del empowerment en cuatro dimensiones: significado, competencia, autodeterminación e impacto; y del compromiso organizacional en tres: compromiso continuo, normativo y afectivo. Para validar el modelo propuesto, a partir de los resultados obtenidos en otros países, se administró una encuesta a 147 participantes de seis Pymes localizadas en el municipio de Celaya, Guanajuato, México. Las empresas pertenecen a los sectores de servicios, comercio y producción. Los resultados confirman las hipótesis planteadas en el sentido de que el empowerment es un predictor del compromiso organizacional; sin embargo, al analizar el impacto individual de cada una de las dimensiones se observa que sólo el compromiso afectivo tiene un impacto directo en las cuatro dimensiones planteadas.

  15. Perceptions of Social Support, Empowerment and Youth Risk Behaviors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reininger, Belinda M.; Perez, Adriana; Flores, Maria I. Aguirre; Chen, Zhongxue; Rahbar, Mohammad H.

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the association of perceived social support and community empowerment among urban middle-school students living in Matamoros, Mexico and the risk behaviors of fighting, alcohol and tobacco use, and sexual activity. Middle school students (n = 1,181) from 32 public and private Mexican schools were surveyed. Weighted multiple…

  16. Freedom and Empowerment: A Transformative Pedagogy of Educational Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levitt, Roberta

    2008-01-01

    Based on Foucault's discourse on freedom and empowerment, this article addresses his understanding of power and knowledge. By critically examining the negative impact of the "No Child Left Behind Act of 2001" on education, the author discusses the transformative power of Foucault's pedagogy for educational reform in which students, teachers,…

  17. USAID Policy: Gender equality and female empowerment policy

    OpenAIRE

    United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

    2012-01-01

    This report is an update on USAID's progress towards gender equity and female empowerment since 1982. This policy strives towards positive development that is beneficial to men, women, and children. The goals are to reduce gender disparity in access to resources, reduce gender-based violence, and increase women's agency, leadership, and decision-making.

  18. Literacy and Women's Empowerment: Stories of Success and Inspiration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eldred, Janine

    2013-01-01

    This paper explores how literacy learning can support women's empowerment and the development of greater equality, benefitting not only individual women, but families, communities and economies too. It describes and reflects upon some of the most promising approaches to developing literacy and learning for women, who form the majority of the…

  19. Kognitiv empowerment gennem virtuelle fællesskaber

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Dorte; Konnerup, Ulla

    2009-01-01

    samfundet. Med afsæt i den nyeste hjerneforskning diskuteres, hvordan kognitiv fitness i virtuelle fællesskaber kan føre til kognitiv empowerment, således at hjerneskadede mennesker fortsat kan fungere som selvstændige og myndige personer, der er i stand til selv at modvirke afmagt og afhængighed samt...

  20. Liderazgo con Empowerment: Promotor de la innovación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsa Emilia Petit Torres

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se describe el Modelo de Liderazgo con Empowerment para identificar su perfil promotor de la innovación en las organizaciones empresariales. Se adoptó una estrategia de investigación cualitativa basada en la aplicación del método interpretativo, propuesto por Joseph Kockelmans (1975, el cual se fundamenta en la técnica de análisis de contenido de artículos especializados. Se describe el Modelo de Liderazgo Empowerment como promotor de la innovación bajo la consideración de las siguientes características: 1. Cultura Empowerment con valores innovativos, 2. Confianza y compromiso hacia la organización empresarial, 3. La intrategia como instrumento para la unidad, 4. El locus de control interno para impulsar el cambio continuo, 5. Mantener la competencia y 6. Optimismo, creatividad y colaboración cruzada. Se concluye que un punto de encuentro conceptual entre la Teoría de la Innovación, el Enfoque de la Gestión del Conocimiento y la Teoría Gerencial, consiste en asumir al liderazgo como un determinante de la innovación. La Teoría Gerencial en el marco de la Gestión del Conocimiento y el Modelo de Liderazgo Empowerment, explica conceptualmente cómo es posible aprovechar las ideas explotando recursos, generando capacidades y desarrollando competencias en la organización a partir de las aportaciones de todos sus miembros, centrándose en el valor de uso de las ideas, lo cual constituye el eslabón que permite relacionar las variables ¿Liderazgo Empowerment¿ y ¿proceso de innovación¿

  1. Women Empowerment through Higher Education in Gilgit-Baltistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khush Funer Murtaza

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The growing social awareness across the globe has brought a number of issues to the fore among which gender equality and empowerment of women are very significant. Discrimination against women in the form of male-female differentiation constitutes the core of the gender-biased system. Education is the biggest liberating force and rise in the levels of education, which nourishes progressive outlook, and the advent of industrialization and moderanization have effected a sea change in the attitudes and thinking pattern of the people. The empowerment is not essentially political, in the fact, political empowerment will not succeed in the absence of economic empowerment. The scheme of higher education through the Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN in Gilgit-Baltistan has transferred the real economic power to the hands of women and has considerably reduced their dependence on men. This has helped in empowerment of women and building self confidence, but lack of education often comes in the way and many a times they have to seek help from their husbands for day to day work viz; bank accounts, etc. Higher education provides an opportunity to these women to improve their knowledge and skills. The higher level learning will also help them to play an effective role in the whole society. Experiences emanating from the AKDN help not only in the encouragement of women’s education mechanism and processes but also provide opportunities for young girls to come forward, get higher education and play a vital role in the future in their respective families. This paper attempts to illustrate the current status of women in Higher Education in Gilgit-Baltistan. It also relates success stories about the impact of Higher Education programs through the experiences of AKDN. Further it highlights the challenges faced and a lesson learnt in the process, and concludes with a suggestion for a possible and preferable way forward.

  2. Information technology for patient empowerment in healthcare

    CERN Document Server

    Grando, Maria Adela; Bates, David

    2015-01-01

    The authors explore novel information-based mechanisms that are changing the way patients are involved in their own health care. The book covers models, frameworks and technologies to improve patient-to-provider communication, patient interaction with information technologies, patient education and involvement in health care decision processes, and patient access, understanding and control over their clinical data.

  3. Health Promotion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Povlsen, Lene; Borup, I.

    2015-01-01

    In 1953 when the Nordic School of Public Health was founded, the aim of public health programmes was disease prevention more than health promotion. This was not unusual, since at this time health usually was seen as the opposite of disease and illness. However, with the Ottawa Charter of 1986......, the World Health Organization made a crucial change to view health not as a goal in itself but as the means to a full life. In this way, health promotion became a first priority and fundamental action for the modern society. This insight eventually reached NHV and in 2002 - 50 years after the foundation...... - an associate professorship was established with a focus on health promotion. Nevertheless, the concept of health promotion had been integrated with or mentioned in courses run prior to the new post. Subsequently, a wide spectrum of courses in health promotion was introduced, such as Empowerment for Child...

  4. 'More health for the money': an analytical framework for access to health care through microfinance and savings groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saha, Somen

    2014-10-01

    The main contributors to inequities in health relates to widespread poverty. Health cannot be achieved without addressing the social determinants of health, and the answer does not lie in the health sector alone. One of the potential pathways to address vulnerabilities linked to poverty, social exclusion, and empowerment of women is aligning health programmes with empowerment interventions linked to access to capital through microfinance and self-help groups. This paper presents a framework to analyse combined health and financial interventions through microfinance programmes in reducing barriers to access health care. If properly designed and ethically managed such integrated programmes can provide more health for the money spent on health care. PMID:25364028

  5. The Influence of Gender Role and Women's Empowerment on Couples' Fertility Experiences in Urban Society of Mashhad, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Talat Khadivzadeh

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Iran has experienced a great variation in women's status in recent years. There is a little knowledge on how and why advancing gender equality and equity and the empowerment of women play a role in recent fertility reduction in the country. This study was conducted to gain insight into the role of gender beliefs and women's empowerment in the couples 'experiences of fertility in Mashhad, Iran in 2011-2012. Methods: In this exploratory qualitative study in-depth interviews were conducted with 54 purposefully selected eligible male and female participants and some key informants who lived in urban society of Mashhad. Data was collected until saturation was happened and analyzed adopting conventional content analysis approach through giving analytical codes and identification of categories using MAXqda software. Study rigor verified via prolonged engagement, thick description and validation of anlysis through member check. Results:Findings from data analysis demonstrated three major categories about the influence of women’s empowerment and gender role on fertility experiences including: 1 The couple’s understanding of gender roles 2 Women’s empowerment and changing gender roles 3 Couple’s interactions in complementary or parallel roles and 4 Fulfillment of fertility goals based on role division. Some aspects of couples' interaction including equal roles in fertility decisions, choosing and using best fit family planning method and participative child care influenced couples' fertility behavior. Women’s empowerment together with balanced gender role in the family resulted in success in attaining couple’s fertility desire. Conclusion: Managing fertility behaviors needs to understand the roles of spouses in their mutual interaction in fertility decision making and related behaviors. Imbalanced gender role in family acts as an obstacle to reach the fertility goals and leads to lower than desired fertility. Reproductive

  6. A Comparative Analysis of Womens Economic Empowerment through Self Help Groups

    OpenAIRE

    Dhaiya, Reena; Dhot, Rajdeep; Ostwal, Nikita

    2014-01-01

    Empowerment as an individual and collective process is based on the following five principal: self-reliance, self-awareness, collective mobilisation and organisation. Economic independence or access to an inherited or self-generated income is considered to be the major means of empowerment of women and Self Help Groups have played a significant role in empowering women and poor people. So, the present study is an attempt to evaluate the level of Womens economic empowerment through SHG i.e. in...

  7. EMPLOYEE EMPOWERMENT, JOB SATISFACTION AND CORPORATE EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE: A LITERATURE REVIEW

    OpenAIRE

    Aarti Kadyan

    2014-01-01

    Employee empowerment is a management philosophy which gives employees the authority to take decisions about his own tasks without approval of his immediate superior. Empowerment is considered to be one of the most effective ways of enabling employees to utilise their skills and abilities to ameliorate their performance and quality of work life. In recent years the concept of empowerment has earned a great deal of attention due to the impact it has on organizational effectivene...

  8. Empowerment in project teams: A multilevel examination of the job performance implications

    OpenAIRE

    Tuuli, MM; Rowlinson, S.

    2009-01-01

    An integrative multilevel model of empowerment and job performance behaviours is advanced, building on social cognitive theory (SCT). Empowerment climate is hypothesized as influencing individual and team performance behaviours directly and partially through individual and team (psychological) empowerment. Using survey responses from 380 individuals, nested in 115 project management teams, we tested the direct, indirect and cross-level relationships delineated in the multilevel model, using a...

  9. An application of Huber model on the effect of psychological empowerment of employees on organizational learning

    OpenAIRE

    Mahdie Mirzaiefar

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this descriptive–survey study is to determine the effect of psychological empowerment of employees on organizational learning based on Huber model. The study selects a sample of 54 people randomly from 499 regular employees of a Gas distribution firm located in province of Lorestan, Iran. For collecting data, two questionnaires of Huber organizational learning and psychological empowerment based on Spreitzer (1995) model [Spreitzer, G. M. (1995). Psychological empowerment in th...

  10. Revisiting the Impact of Perceived Empowerment on Job Performance: Results from Front-Line Employees

    OpenAIRE

    Ozgur Devrim Yilmaz

    2015-01-01

    This study was conducted to examine the probable effect of perceived empowerment on job performance and the sample of research consisted of 230 participants working in tourism sector as front-line employees. The outcomes of this study indicated that psychological empowerment was positively correlated with employee job performance and employees’ job performance were mostly effected from self-determination and impact dimensions of empowerment. Moreover, tests were conducted to ana...

  11. Human Resources Empowerment and Its Role in the Sustainable Tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fateme Tohidy Ardahaey

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available During the last decades, the tendency of tourism sector development has been manifested obviously, considering training and empowering human resources involved in this industry, especially in the most industrialized countries. This research aims to study the role of human resource empowerment in the development of tourism industry. After clarifying the concept of empowerment, its importance and its role in sustainable development, the objectives of tourism industry and winning customers’ satisfaction in tourist environments by means of enhancing job satisfaction, innovation and creativity at work, problem solving,… are determined.The results from the research showed that the present organizations across the world have some strong tendency to empower their personnel to increase efficiency and improve working systems. It was also suggested that the management and personnel would better have short term, long term and professional training courses in order to better perform their tasks.

  12. Empowerment as Interactions that Generate Self-Confidence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poder, Poul

    2010-01-01

    consciousness and intentionality as the defining features of human agency has led us to downplay the fact that agency is primarily an emotional phenomenon. As such, it is also dynamic and situational, since it is highly dependent on interactions that engender emotional energy and positive emotions that fuel and...... widen agency. As an example of such positive emotions, I focus in particular on confidence, a crucial factor in empowerment, since employees who are required to work independently and creatively must have confidence in themselves. On the basis of this interactional understanding of how agency is......1 Introduction Empowerment, understood as the delegation of authority, the flattening of organizational hierarchy and the effort to encourage employees to work independently and creatively, is a strong and widespread ideal. Many employees in contemporary work organizations are involved in...

  13. A study on rural women's empowerment through participation in aquaculture

    OpenAIRE

    Rahman, M.H.

    2005-01-01

    The study was undertaken to understand the rural women's (i) extent of participation in some selected aquaculture practices and (ii) extent of empowerment through participation in aquaculture program. Data were collected from 200 selected rural women of two districts - Sherpur and Kishoreganj. Each of the families where the selected rural women who were involved in aquaculture under the supervision of two partner NGOs of DSAP, namely- Foundation for Human Development (FHD) and Center for Rura...

  14. Digital Bangladesh : Information and Communication Technology for Empowerment?

    OpenAIRE

    Asaduzzaman, A.S.M.

    2013-01-01

    This study critically investigates the concept of “digital Bangladesh” putting it in the wider debates surrounding ICT for Development (ICT4D). The original contribution of this thesis is that it problematizes empowerment in ICT4D approach within the human development paradigm in the context of Bangladesh. The main argument of the thesis is that digital Bangladesh as the local manifestation of ICT for Development is both outcome and facilitator of neoliberal globalization. Another argument is...

  15. Good for Her: empowerment scenes in feminist pornography

    OpenAIRE

    Fernanda Capibaribe Leite

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses the notion of women’s empowerment through the audiovisual products covered by the Feminist Porn Award. The intention is to analyze in which sense an initiative that stimulates a pornography production dislocated from the phallocentric male gaze to the affirmation of female sexuality and pleasure promotes breaks in the pornography production and consumption logics, and triggers autonomy processes to women in a broader perspective. To sustain this discussion, its being re...

  16. Empowerment zones, neighborhood change and owner occupied housing

    OpenAIRE

    Krupka, Douglas J.; Douglas S. Noonan

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines the effects of a generous, spatially-targeted economic development policy (the federal Empowerment Zone program) on local neighborhood characteristics and on the neighborhood quality of life, taking into account the interactions amongst the policy, changes in neighborhood demographics and neighborhood housing stock. Urban economic theory posits that housing prices in a small area should increase as quality of life increases, because people will be more willing to pay to li...

  17. Property Rights in Women's Empowerment in Rural India: A Review

    OpenAIRE

    Kartik C. Roy; Tisdell, Clement A.

    2000-01-01

    This paper examines the importance of property rights in women’s empowerment in rural India. Arguments justifying the need for granting property rights to women are presented and the distinction is made between legal (formal) and customary (informal) rights. The ineffectiveness of legal right in absence of customary rights has been discussed. Customary rights also become ineffective due to other institutional impediments. These impediments have been discussed. The results of extensive field w...

  18. Legacy of Colonialism in the Empowerment of Women in Rwanda

    OpenAIRE

    Ilaria Buscaglia; Shirley Randell

    2012-01-01

    The empowerment of women in Rwanda is rooted in colonial times. In the second half of the 1940s, the Belgian administration, together with religious missionaries, started some educational and social welfare programs for women, known as the foyers sociaux (social homes). This paper explores how this program of female promotion and its progeny affected the domestication of Rwandan women, what caused the situation to change following the genocide against the Tutsi in 1994, and what more might be...

  19. IKT som empowerment af lærer og elever!

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, René B.; Binggeli, Andreas

    2011-01-01

    I denne korte artikel ønsker vi at pege på at ikt kan fungere som empowerment for både lærere og elever i skolen. It optræder i forvejen i alt for mange menneskers bevidsthed som en barriere eller som en sten i den pædagogiske sundhedssandal. Vi har begge på egen krop oplevet at arbejdet med ny...

  20. Empowerment or marginalization: A debate in community forestry in Nepal

    OpenAIRE

    Timsina, N.P.

    2002-01-01

    The article exposes the twofold potential of community Forestry management programs. On one hand the forum has the potential to be a vehicle of empowerment for the most disadvantaged groups such as women, poor, and 'lower' castes. In many instances, women's participation has been increasing. Some groups even targeted women to be the recipients of trainings improving women's ability to fully participate. In many areas women have led others to form and lead groups and co-operatives. Community f...

  1. PRELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP, EMPOWERMENT AND FOLLOWERS’ PERFORMANCE: A EMPIRICAL STUDY IN MALAYSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azman Ismail

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Further research reveals that the effect of transformational leadership on followers’ performance is indirectly affected by empowerment. The nature of this relationship is less emphasized in organizational leadership literature. Therefore, this study was conducted to examine the effect of transformational leadership on followers’ performance and investigate the mediating effect of empowerment in the relationship between transformational leadership and followers’ performance. Findings showed that the relationship between empowerment and transformational leadership had increased followers’ performance. This result confirms that empowerment acts as a full mediating role in the leadership model of the studied organization.

  2. Divine empowerment: The Holy Spirit and church revitalisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian A. DeVries

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available How do principles of church revitalisation correlate with the divine work of the Holy Spirit? This article argues that the Spirit is the primary agent of church revitalisation, and churchleaders should cooperate with the Spirit as he works for revitalisation. Thus the Spirit empowers church leaders who are used by him to revive, renew, and revitalise a church community. After briefly defining the Spirit’s empowerment with biblical examples, this article examines the underlying principles of empowerment for church leaders, followed by briefly considering methodology for church revitalisation. The author concludes by suggesting several signs of biblical empowerment in a local church community.Goddelike bemagtiging: Die Heilige Gees en kerkherstel. Watter plek beklee die goddelike werking van die Heilige Gees in die beginsels van kerkherstel? Hierdie artikel poneer dat die Heilige Gees die primêre agent is om nuwe lewe in die kerk te bring en kerkleiers behoort onder leiding van die Heilige Gees hulle hiervoor te beywer. Die Heilige Gees bemagtig dus die kerkleiers wat Hy gebruik om ’n kerklike gemeenskap te laat herleef, te vernuwe en hulle te besiel met lewenskragtigheid. Die Gees se bemagtiging word kortliks aan die hand van bybelse voorbeelde gedefineer, waarna die grondliggende beginsels vir die bemagtiging van die kerkleiers ondersoek word. Daarna word die metodologie om nuwe lewenskrag in die kerk te bring kortliks oorweeg. Die outeur sluit af deur verskeie tekens uit te lig wat op skriftuurlike bemagtiging van die Heilige Gees in die plaaslike kerkgemeenskap dui.

  3. IDENTITY AND EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN IN TRAINING PROJECT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Déborah Delgado-Piña

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This work analyze the processes the identity changes and of empowerment in the case of a concrete experience of a group of women in the empowerment project, 2004, in Celaya, Guanajuato. The objective was to know the bond establish between both processes. For this analysis was used information provided through interviews, life stories and observation with seven promoter women who participate in the workshops in Celaya, Guanajuato, who were in the program of state trust fund ZUMAR-FIDEPO (Marginated urban areas-Trust fund for popular development. This program helps people who live in urban marginalized areas through the identification of their needs and problems, by means of community promoters. The Women institute of Guanajuato (IMUG, the United Nations for women fund (UNIFEM, and ZUMAR-FIDEPO were the institutions that were involved in the empowerment project in order to strengthen the process through the implementation of training workshops for the promoters training. In the study were included seven from twenty women who participate in the workshops, which remains in the state program making various activities such as: training in various activities, management of productive projects and they are community promoters. The analysis was carried out based on the speech of the promoters, what they say of themselves and the changes they detect in their identity taking into account the changes in self-esteem, in the auto-concept and the exercise of alternative forms to the authoritarian power.

  4. Changing the Environment Based on Empowerment as Intrinsic Motivation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salge, Christoph; Glackin, Cornelius; Polani, Daniel

    2014-05-01

    One aspect of intelligence is the ability to restructure your own environment so that the world you live in becomes more beneficial to you. In this paper we investigate how the information-theoretic measure of agent empowerment can provide a task-independent, intrinsic motivation to restructure the world. We show how changes in embodiment and in the environment change the resulting behaviour of the agent and the artefacts left in the world. For this purpose, we introduce an approximation of the established empowerment formalism based on sparse sampling, which is simpler and significantly faster to compute for deterministic dynamics. Sparse sampling also introduces a degree of randomness into the decision making process, which turns out to beneficial for some cases. We then utilize the measure to generate agent behaviour for different agent embodiments in a Minecraft-inspired three dimensional block world. The paradigmatic results demonstrate that empowerment can be used as a suitable generic intrinsic motivation to not only generate actions in given static environments, as shown in the past, but also to modify existing environmental conditions. In doing so, the emerging strategies to modify an agent's environment turn out to be meaningful to the specific agent capabilities, i.e., de facto to its embodiment.

  5. Gender empowerment and female-to-male smoking prevalence ratios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara C Hitchman

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To determine whether in countries with high gender empowerment the female-to-male smoking prevalence ratio is also higher. METHODS: Bivariate and multiple regression analyses were performed to explore the relation between the United Nations Development Programme's gender empowerment measure (GEM and the female-to-male smoking prevalence ratio (calculated from the 2008 WHO global tobacco control report . Because a country's progression through the various stages of the tobacco epidemic and its gender smoking ratio (GSR are thought to be influenced by its level of development, we explored this correlation as well, with economic development defined in terms of gross national income (GNI per capita and income inequality (Gini coefficient. FINDINGS: The GSR was significantly and positively correlated with the GEM (r = 0.680; P < 0.001. In addition, the GEM was the strongest predictor of the GSR (β, adjusted: 0.47; P < 0.0001 after controlling for GNI per capita and for Gini coefficient. CONCLUSION: Whether progress towards gender empowerment can take place without a corresponding increase in smoking among women remains to be seen. Strong tobacco control measures are needed in countries where women are being increasingly empowered.

  6. Changing the Environment Based on Empowerment as Intrinsic Motivation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christoph Salge

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available One aspect of intelligence is the ability to restructure your own environment so that the world you live in becomes more beneficial to you. In this paper we investigate how the information-theoretic measure of agent empowerment can provide a task-independent, intrinsic motivation to restructure the world. We show how changes in embodiment and in the environment change the resulting behaviour of the agent and the artefacts left in the world. For this purpose, we introduce an approximation of the established empowerment formalism based on sparse sampling, which is simpler and significantly faster to compute for deterministic dynamics. Sparse sampling also introduces a degree of randomness into the decision making process, which turns out to beneficial for some cases. We then utilize the measure to generate agent behaviour for different agent embodiments in a Minecraft-inspired three dimensional block world. The paradigmatic results demonstrate that empowerment can be used as a suitable generic intrinsic motivation to not only generate actions in given static environments, as shown in the past, but also to modify existing environmental conditions. In doing so, the emerging strategies to modify an agent’s environment turn out to be meaningful to the specific agent capabilities, i.e., de facto to its embodiment.

  7. The influence of perceived behaviour control, attitude and empowerment on reported condom use and intention to use condoms among adolescents in rural Tanzania

    OpenAIRE

    Kalolo, Albino; Kibusi, Stephen Matthew

    2015-01-01

    Background Despite the declining trends of Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), unsafe sexual behaviours among adolescents still represent a public health challenge. It is important to understand factors acting at different levels to influence sexual behaviour among adolescents. This study examined the influence of perceived behaviour control, subjective norms, attitudes and empowerment on intention to use condoms and reported use of condoms among adolesce...

  8. Kanter结构授能理论及其在护理领域中的研究进展%Kanter's theory of organizational empowerment and its research progress in the field of nursing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽莎; 章雅青; 包玲

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduced Kanter's theory of organizational empowerment and its applicability in the field of nursing, Then it expounded correlation studies between nurses'structural empowerment and physical and mental health, job satisfaction, intention to quit, nursing quality. Finally, it proposed some instructions to research on structural empowerment in nursing fields in our country.%通过介绍Kanter结构授能理论的框架及其在护理领域的适用性,重点阐述了护理人员结构授能与身心健康、工作满意度、离职意向和护理质量的相关研究进展,并提出对我国护理领域结构授能研究的启示.

  9. Public reporting, consumerism, and patient empowerment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huckman, Robert S; Kelley, Mark A

    2013-11-14

    Public reporting of health care outcomes is largely ignored by consumers, perhaps because it doesn't include concise, comprehensible information on factors such as out-of-pocket costs, the effectiveness of a procedure or treatment, and applicability to their situation. PMID:24131139

  10. Morality, consumerism and the internal market in health care.

    OpenAIRE

    Sorell, T.

    1997-01-01

    Unlike the managerially oriented reforms that have brought auditing and accounting into such prominence in the UK National Health Service (NHS), and which seem alien to the culture of the caring professions, consumerist reforms may seem to complement moves towards the acceptance of wide definitions of health, and towards increasing patient autonomy. The empowerment favoured by those who support patient autonomy sounds like the sort of empowerment that is sometimes associated with the patient'...

  11. Antecedents and consequences of psychological and team empowerment in organizations: a meta-analytic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seibert, Scott E; Wang, Gang; Courtright, Stephen H

    2011-09-01

    This paper provides meta-analytic support for an integrated model specifying the antecedents and consequences of psychological and team empowerment. Results indicate that contextual antecedent constructs representing perceived high-performance managerial practices, socio-political support, leadership, and work characteristics are each strongly related to psychological empowerment. Positive self-evaluation traits are related to psychological empowerment and are as strongly related as the contextual factors. Psychological empowerment is in turn positively associated with a broad range of employee outcomes, including job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and task and contextual performance, and is negatively associated with employee strain and turnover intentions. Team empowerment is positively related to team performance. Further, the magnitude of parallel antecedent and outcome relationships at the individual and team levels is statistically indistinguishable, demonstrating the generalizability of empowerment theory across these 2 levels of analysis. A series of analyses also demonstrates the validity of psychological empowerment as a unitary second-order construct. Implications and future directions for empowerment research and theory are discussed. PMID:21443317

  12. Storytelling for Empowerment for Latino Teens: Increasing HIV Prevention Knowledge and Attitudes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Annabelle; Cordova, David; Walters, Andrew S.; Szecsy, Elsie

    2016-01-01

    Latino adolescents are disproportionately impacted by HIV, but researchers have documented few programs to prevent and reduce HIV risk. The Storytelling for Empowerment (SFE) "HIV StoryBook" was designed with an innovative ecodevelopment approach combining empowerment, family communication, and positive cultural identity. A mixed method…

  13. And when She Comes Home? Education and Women's Empowerment in Intimate Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy-Graham, Erin

    2010-01-01

    While previous research has focused on the relationship between education and women's empowerment in the public sphere, their empowerment in the private sphere has been less fully developed in empirical studies. Drawing on a theoretical model of change in marital relationships, this article examines how women who participated in an innovative…

  14. Opening the Black Box: Women's Empowerment and Innovative Secondary Education in Honduras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy-Graham, Erin

    2008-01-01

    This article aims to clarify the relationship between education and women's empowerment. Drawing from qualitative data collected in a study of four Garifuna villages on the north coast of Honduras, it argues that education can trigger the empowerment process if it expands women's knowledge and understanding, self-confidence and awareness of gender…

  15. The Relationships between Teacher Empowerment, Teachers' Sense of Responsibility for Student Outcomes, and Student Achievement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Barbara N.; Crossland, Barbara J.

    Relationships between the level of teachers' perceived empowerment, the degree of teachers' perceived responsibility for student outcomes, and student achievement were studied with 271 elementary school teachers. The Responsibility for Student Achievement Scale (RSA) (T. Guskey, 1981) and the School Participant Empowerment Scales (SPES) (P. Short…

  16. Reclaiming the Maiden: Use of Archetypes in a 6-Week Women's Empowerment Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Anneliese; Hofsess, Christy D.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to describe a 6-week, semi-structured group counseling experience for university women students (undergraduate and graduate) from diverse backgrounds exploring archetypes and using group empowerment skills. Theoretical perspectives on women's empowerment groups and the use of archetypes in counseling are discussed as…

  17. PRELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP, EMPOWERMENT AND FOLLOWERS’ PERFORMANCE: A EMPIRICAL STUDY IN MALAYSIA

    OpenAIRE

    Azman Ismail; Nur Baizura Natasha Abidin; Rabaah Tudin

    2015-01-01

    Further research reveals that the effect of transformational leadership on followers’ performance is indirectly affected by empowerment. The nature of this relationship is less emphasized in organizational leadership literature. Therefore, this study was conducted to examine the effect of transformational leadership on followers’ performance and investigate the mediating effect of empowerment in the relationship between transformational leadership and followers’ performance. Findings showed t...

  18. The Impact of Religion on Women Empowerment as a Millennium Development Goal in Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Njoh, Ambe J.; Akiwumi, Fenda A.

    2012-01-01

    The study examines the impact of religion on women empowerment. Three religions, indigenous African, Islam and Christianity, comprising Africa's triple heritage, are considered. The hypothesized relationships are confirmed. Christianity correlates with each of the four Development Targets specified for women empowerment under the third of the…

  19. Revisiting the Impact of Perceived Empowerment on Job Performance: Results from Front-Line Employees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ozgur Devrim Yilmaz

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to examine the probable effect of perceived empowerment on job performance and the sample of research consisted of 230 participants working in tourism sector as front-line employees. The outcomes of this study indicated that psychological empowerment was positively correlated with employee job performance and employees’ job performance were mostly effected from self-determination and impact dimensions of empowerment. Moreover, tests were conducted to analyze the significant differences in participants’ perception of empowerment and job performance according to their demographic characteristics. There was a significant difference between perceived empowerment and gender, age and work experience where as there was no significant difference between empowerment and education levels. On the other hand, the relationship between job performance and work experience was supported however no relationship was found between job performance and gender, age and education level of the participants. Trying to find out what might possibly lead front-line employees to increased job performance, it can be claimed that psychological empowerment still turns out to be a central issue and therefore this research makes useful contributions to the current knowledge by entirely investigating the direct effect of perceived empowerment on employee job performance in hospitality industry where especially front-line employees spend most of their time directly with customers.

  20. Effect of Demographic Factors on Empowerment Attributions of Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Ashley H.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of demographic factors on empowerment attributions of parents of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Data were collected to determine differences between demographic factors of participants and self-reported empowerment attributions. A quantitative research design was employed in…

  1. Structural Empowerment and Organizational Commitment of Lecturers in Private International Educational Institutions at Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puncreobutr, Vichian

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to measure the level of structural empowerment and organizational commitment of lecturers at private international educational institutions at Thailand. Further to measure the relationship between structural empowerment and organizational commitment of lecturers. The target respondents of the study were lecturers…

  2. The Effect of Trust on Teacher Empowerment: The Mediation of Teacher Efficacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Hong-biao; Lee, John Chi-Kin; Jin, Yu-le; Zhang, Zhong-hua

    2013-01-01

    This study explores the impact of teachers' perception of trust in colleagues on their sense of empowerment in Mainland China, with a particular focus on the mediating role of teacher efficacy. The results of a survey of 1646 teachers indicate that although teachers scored positively on trust in colleagues, efficacy and empowerment, they had…

  3. Critical Review on Power in Organization: Empowerment in Human Resource Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jo, Sung Jun; Park, Sunyoung

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to analyze current practices, discuss empowerment from the theoretical perspectives on power in organizations and suggest an empowerment model based on the type of organizational culture and the role of human resource development (HRD). Design/methodology/approach: By reviewing the classic viewpoint of power, Lukes'…

  4. Leadership and Empowerment: Assets or Liabilities? The University of Trieste Library System: An Exploratory Case Study

    OpenAIRE

    Arabito, Stefania

    2004-01-01

    Leadership and empowerment can be either strategic assets or heavy liabilities for a University Library System that strives to grow and compete in a changing environment. It depends on the meanings people give to these concepts and on the interactions between them. It seems interesting to explore leadership and empowerment in a real-life context where local subcultures persist.

  5. Teacher Teams, Teamwork, and Empowerment: Exploring Associations and the Nexus to Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henkin, Alan B.; Park, Sungmin; Singleton, Carole A.

    2007-01-01

    Research on team-based schools suggests the importance of teacher empowerment as a factor in the school revitalization and reform equation and as a critical element in redefining schools as collaborative workplaces. In this study, the authors inquire into potential associations between teamwork skills and teacher team empowerment. Research…

  6. Adult 4-H Volunteer Empowerment in 4-H Youth Development Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olsen, Pamela

    2009-01-01

    The primary purpose of this study was to determine which factors related to adult 4-H volunteer empowerment in 4-H youth development settings. This study examined the relationship of adult 4-H volunteers' perceived leadership styles of Oregon 4-H Youth Development Educators (YDE) to the adult 4-H volunteer sense of empowerment. In addition,…

  7. “We Are Now Free to Speak”: Qualitative Evaluation of an Education and Empowerment Training for HIV Patients in Namibia

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacLachlan, Ellen W.; Potter, Katy; Hamunime, Ndapewa; Shepard-Perry, Mark G.; Uusiku, James; Simwanza, Ricky; Brandt, Laura J.; O’Malley, Gabrielle

    2016-01-01

    Although numerous studies provide evidence that active patient engagement with health care providers improves critical outcomes such as medication adherence, very few of these have been done in low resource settings. In Namibia, patient education and empowerment trainings were conducted in four antiretroviral (ART) clinics to increase patient engagement during patient-provider interactions. This qualitative study supplements findings from a randomized controlled trial, by analyzing data from 10 in-depth patient interviews and 94 training evaluation forms. A blended approach of deductive and inductive coding was used to understand training impact. Findings indicated the trainings increased patients’ self-efficacy through a combination of improved HIV-related knowledge, greater communication skills and enhanced ability to overcome complex psychosocial barriers, such as fear of speaking up to providers. This study suggests patient empowerment training may be a powerful method to engage HIV patients in their own care and treatment. PMID:27054712

  8. 'Proyecto Orgullo', an HIV prevention, empowerment and community mobilisation intervention for gay men and transgender women in Callao/Lima, Peru.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maiorana, Andres; Kegeles, Susan; Salazar, Ximena; Konda, Kelika; Silva-Santisteban, Alfonso; Cáceres, Carlos

    2016-01-01

    We used qualitative, quantitative, and observational methods to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and potential efficacy of Proyecto Orgullo (PO), a pilot community mobilisation intervention to decrease sexual risk, promote health-seeking behaviours, and facilitate personal and community empowerment among gay men (GM) and transgender women (TW) in Peru. PO was adapted from Mpowerment and Hermanos de Luna y Sol, two US interventions. PO included six interrelated core elements: (1) Self-reflection Small Group sessions; (2) Supporting peers in HIV prevention; (3) Mobilisation Activities addressing HIV, GM/TW issues, and community empowerment; (4) A Core Group (staff + GM/TW volunteers) designing/implementing those activities; (5) A Project Space; (6) Publicity. PO included specific components for TW, but promoted that GM/TW, who historically have not worked well together, collaborate for a common goal. We found that PO was embraced by GM/TW. PO positively influenced GM/TW's HIV prevention beliefs, self-efficacy, and behaviours; provided social support and created community; facilitated individual and community empowerment; achieved that GM/TW collaborate; and established a functional Community Centre for socialising/conducting mobilisation activities. Community mobilisation strategies, lacking from HIV prevention efforts in Peru but considered key to HIV prevention, can help improve health-seeking behaviours and consolidate social norms supporting preventive behaviours among GM/TW. PMID:27373578

  9. An application of Huber model on the effect of psychological empowerment of employees on organizational learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahdie Mirzaiefar

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this descriptive–survey study is to determine the effect of psychological empowerment of employees on organizational learning based on Huber model. The study selects a sample of 54 people randomly from 499 regular employees of a Gas distribution firm located in province of Lorestan, Iran. For collecting data, two questionnaires of Huber organizational learning and psychological empowerment based on Spreitzer (1995 model [Spreitzer, G. M. (1995. Psychological empowerment in the workplace: Dimensions, measurement, and validation. Academy of management Journal, 38(5, 1442-1465.] are used. Cronbach’s alpha coefficients of organizational and psychological empowerment questionnaires are 0.706 and 0.92, respectively. SPSS software and linear regression test, binomial test, Pearson correlation test, and Friedman tests are used to analyze data and examine the hypotheses. The results of the data analysis show that psychological empowerment of employees could influence on organizational learning aspects in organization, significantly.

  10. A Social-Cognitive Moderated Mediated Model of Psychological Safety and Empowerment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonet, Daniel V; Narayan, Anupama; Nelson, Courtney A

    2015-01-01

    This study examines the indirect role of psychological safety in shaping the four cognitions of psychological empowerment (i.e., meaning, competence, self-determination, impact) through three social mechanisms: authentic interactions, spiritual development, and perceived organizational voice. Data were collected from 229 congregation members of a nondenominational church. Preliminary analyses reveal psychological safety is: (a) linked to all four empowerment cognitions, (b) associated with the three proximal social mechanisms, and (c) indirectly predicts three of the four empowerment cognitions through heightened level of authentic interactions, spiritual development, and perceived organizational voice. Moreover, extraversion moderated the relationship of psychological safety with authentic interactions which, in turn, strengthened the size of the indirect effect for the meaning subcomponent of empowerment. Overall, this study suggests empowerment research can draw upon the potential, but frequently untapped, benefits of cultivating a secure space to facilitate member motivation through sincerity, personal development, and perceived voice. PMID:25511012

  11. Study of Relation of Psychological Factors of Empowerment and Entrepreneurship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehrdad G. Chegini

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Today, organizations are able to survive that have dynamic requirements and potentials and can make a proper response to changes and equip their human sources to the knowledge and skill of generative entrepreneurship through establishing necessary aspects. The increasing rate of changes in scientific, economic and social areas is one of the most common features of the century. The purpose of this research is to study the relationship between the psychological factors of empowerment and entrepreneurship of trainers of Northern provinces, technico-vocational skill organizations (Mazandaran, Golestan, Guilan of Iran. Approach: The research with respect to the methodology and nature is descriptive, it is of kind of adhesion in regret to the relation of psychological factors of empowerment with entrepreneurship and it is applicable with respect to the aim because it can be implemented. The 566-people statistic community included the total of trainers employed in three Iranian Northern provinces that based on the Cochran formula, 270 people selected as samples. The may of collecting field information and data collection tool has been questionnaire. The admissibility of the questionnaire was studied in regard to the content and professional consultants gave some ideas about it and it’s durability calculated by using Cronbach Alfa test, that competed 92 and 87% for entrepreneurship and empowerment respectively. Statistical techniques used include: Descriptive statistics, variance analysis, Pearson adhesion coefficient and analyzing data done by using software SPSS. Results: That there is a meaningful and positive relationship between all psychological dimensions of empowerment (self-efficiency, self-determination, personal consequence, meaning, trust in others and entrepreneurship as feeling to be meaningful is first, feeling of self-efficiency is second, feeling to be efficient is third, feeling of self-determination is fourth and

  12. Legacy of Colonialism in the Empowerment of Women in Rwanda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilaria Buscaglia

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The empowerment of women in Rwanda is rooted in colonial times. In the second half of the 1940s, the Belgian administration, together with religious missionaries, started some educational and social welfare programs for women, known as the foyers sociaux (social homes. This paper explores how this program of female promotion and its progeny affected the domestication of Rwandan women, what caused the situation to change following the genocide against the Tutsi in 1994, and what more might be done to stimulate full gender equality in education and employment for women in Rwanda.

  13. Good for Her: empowerment scenes in feminist pornography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Capibaribe Leite

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the notion of women’s empowerment through the audiovisual products covered by the Feminist Porn Award. The intention is to analyze in which sense an initiative that stimulates a pornography production dislocated from the phallocentric male gaze to the affirmation of female sexuality and pleasure promotes breaks in the pornography production and consumption logics, and triggers autonomy processes to women in a broader perspective. To sustain this discussion, its being related the triad composed by: a the subjectivity narratives and processes linked to them; b the discourses construction focused on women as social minorities and c the analyzes approaching filmic addressing modes and its associated events.

  14. Social Empowerment of Intellectually Impaired through a Cloud Mobile System

    OpenAIRE

    Laura Freina; Rosa Bottino; Michela Ott; Filippo Costa

    2015-01-01

    There is not a unique definition of “empowerment”, nevertheless the idea that it involves, on the one hand, people having control over their own lives and, on the other, some social aspects seems to be a common characteristic. Most authors recognize three levels of empowerment: individual, group, and community level, which are interconnected and changes at one level influence the others. Enhancing individual competence and self-esteem has a direct effect on the control of one’s own life and, ...

  15. Paradoxical empowerment of produsers in the context of informational capitalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Proulx, Serge; Heaton, Lorna; Kwok Choon, Mary Jane; Millette, Mélanie

    2011-04-01

    This article develops a critical perspective on how online contribution practices participate in the creation of economic value under informational capitalism. It discusses the theoretical relevance of the concept of empowerment for exploring online contribution practices. We argue that produsage practices are paradoxical insofar as they can be simultaneously alienating and emancipatory. This theoretical lens allows us to take a fresh look at the collective intelligence of produsers and the role of communities in the collective production of content. We illustrate the fruitfulness of this conceptual approach with two case studies: Facebook and TelaBotanica, a platform for the collaborative production of scientific knowledge.

  16. The patient as consumer: empowerment or commodification? Currents in contemporary bioethics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldstein, Melissa M; Bowers, Daniel G

    2015-01-01

    Discussions surrounding patient engagement and empowerment often use the terms "patient" and "consumer" interchangeably. But do the two terms hold the same meaning, or is a "patient" a passive actor in the health care arena and a "consumer" an informed, rational decision-maker? Has there been a shift in our usage of the two terms that aligns with the increasing commercialization of health care in the U.S. or has the patient/consumer dynamic always been a part of the buying and selling of health care in the American system? Recent discussions of the issue exist in the popular press and in social media forums such as TEDMED, but few direct analyses of the ethical, legal, and policy ramifications of this possible shift in terminology are available in the academic literature. This paper analyzes our usage of the terms and any recent changes in the dynamic and discusses the ethical, legal, and policy implications of this simple terminology for the physicianpatient relationship. PMID:25846046

  17. Participatory evaluation of community actions as a learning methodology for personal and community empowerment: case studies and empowerment processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier Úcar Martínez

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Participatory evaluation (PE is a hybrid methodology that can be used simultaneously to investigate and act in groups and communities. It can generate new knowledge about reality, but italso allows changes in the participants and their sociocultural context. This research project, developed over three years, aims to find out whether PE processes are useful and appropriate to evaluate community actionsand to generate learning that contribute to the empowerment of people who develop them.Method: The methodological structure of the research process design Participatory Evaluation processes that are applied in three selected communities-cases, over one year. The steering groups in each caseevaluated four dimensions of Community Development Plans: context, evolution, performance and results, using different techniques and group dynamics. Throughout this process, participants identify the acquiredknowledge and this is linked to indicators of empowerment, using questionnaires, content analysis and semi-structured interviews.Results: The development PE process in the three analyzed cases confirmed that PE is a useful strategy to assess participatory community actions of a territory; to report them to the people of the community; andto make shared decisions, about initiatives in order to improve community actions. The obtained results also verify that, throughout PE, there has been learning in the participants.Conclusions: The involvement of community members in the evaluation makes it more useful, fairer and more valid, but also a fourth positive consequence of PE is empowerment. From the process and the resultsof these cases of Participatory Evaluation, we consider that community EP is social transformation.

  18. Social Empowerment of Intellectually Impaired through a Cloud Mobile System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Freina

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available There is not a unique definition of “empowerment”, nevertheless the idea that it involves, on the one hand, people having control over their own lives and, on the other, some social aspects seems to be a common characteristic. Most authors recognize three levels of empowerment: individual, group, and community level, which are interconnected and changes at one level influence the others. Enhancing individual competence and self-esteem has a direct effect on the control of one’s own life and, in turn, on the social components of empowerment. In this paper we present Smart Angel, a project that aims at creating a network involving families, caregivers, experts, and tutors, as well as the final users and their friends, based on a mobile cloud system in support of both everyday living and urban mobility for people with medium-mild intellectual disabilities, with particular attention to the Down syndrome. The system can be seen as a tool to empower its users to be more independent and therefore increasing their possibility to have an active role in their life and an active participation to the community.

  19. Applying an Educational-participatory Program based on the PRECEDE Model for Promoting Self-esteem and Mental Health of Students in Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahdi Moshki

    2012-01-01

    Conclusion: Health promotion planning by using life skills training based on the PRECEDE model can result in participation and empowerment, in order to promote the self-esteem and mental health of the students.

  20. An investigation into the level of empowerment of rural women in the Zululand district of KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    B.R. Bhengu

    2010-01-01

    The aim of the study was to evaluate the outcome of the empowerment of rural women in relation to gender issues, power, and communication within the Zululand District of KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa after implementation of a four-year Primary Health Care project in partnership with the Provincial Department of Health, and two Schools of Nursing at the University of KwaZulu-Natal and McMaster University in Canada. This project is based on substantial evidence which reveals that rural women ar...

  1. Staff Nurses' Perceptions and Experiences about Structural Empowerment: A Qualitative Phenomenological Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Bogaert, Peter; Peremans, Lieve; Diltour, Nadine; Van Heusden, Danny; Dilles, Tinne; Van Rompaey, Bart; Havens, Donna Sullivan

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the study reported in this article was to investigate staff nurses' perceptions and experiences about structural empowerment and perceptions regarding the extent to which structural empowerment supports safe quality patient care. To address the complex needs of patients, staff nurse involvement in clinical and organizational decision-making processes within interdisciplinary care settings is crucial. A qualitative study was conducted using individual semi-structured interviews of 11 staff nurses assigned to medical or surgical units in a 600-bed university hospital in Belgium. During the study period, the hospital was going through an organizational transformation process to move from a classic hierarchical and departmental organizational structure to one that was flat and interdisciplinary. Staff nurses reported experiencing structural empowerment and they were willing to be involved in decision-making processes primarily about patient care within the context of their practice unit. However, participants were not always fully aware of the challenges and the effect of empowerment on their daily practice, the quality of care and patient safety. Ongoing hospital change initiatives supported staff nurses' involvement in decision-making processes for certain matters but for some decisions, a classic hierarchical and departmental process still remained. Nurses perceived relatively high work demands and at times viewed empowerment as presenting additional. Staff nurses recognized the opportunities structural empowerment provided within their daily practice. Nurse managers and unit climate were seen as crucial for success while lack of time and perceived work demands were viewed as barriers to empowerment. PMID:27035457

  2. The social space of empowerment within epilepsy services: The map is not the terrain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, Louise; Bergin, Michael; Wells, John S G

    2016-03-01

    Empowerment is now seen as an integral component of holistic practice and service design in healthcare, particularly as it relates to the improvement of quality of life for people with epilepsy. However, the literature suggests that empowerment is a neglected and poorly understood concept by service users and providers alike within epilepsy services. Conceptual ambiguity is a further impediment to its understanding and implementation. Bearing this in mind, a clear definition of empowerment is needed in order to realistically recognize, encourage, and prioritize empowerment as a service design philosophy. Therefore, this paper undertakes a concept analysis of empowerment with reference to epilepsy services. Results indicate that empowerment demands a transformation of consciousness and a readiness to act on this transformation in order to allow people to gain personal power and autonomy over their own life, including the self-management of their condition. With this in mind, a critical reflection on the 'micro' and 'macro' levels of power that exist within epilepsy services is warranted with reference to theoretical principles. In this context although the map is not the terrain, we argue that an educational intervention guided by critical social theory principles has the potential to encourage an understanding of empowerment and 'holds the key' to future advances for its implementation within epilepsy services. PMID:26874865

  3. Job insecurity, leadership empowerment behaviour, employee engagement and intention to leave in a petrochemical laboratory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonet van Schalkwyk

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Engaging individuals at work plays an important role in retaining them. Job security and leadership empowerment behaviour are antecedents of employee engagement.Research purpose: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between job insecurity, leadership empowerment behaviour (as perceived by the employees who report to leaders, employee engagement and intention to leave their jobs in a petrochemical laboratory.Motivation for the study: Knowledge of the effects of job insecurity and leadership on employee engagement and turnover intention will contribute to improved talent management.Research design, approach and method: A correlational design was used. A total of 169 employees in a petrochemical laboratory were studied. The measuring instruments included the Job Insecurity Index, the Leadership Empowerment Behaviour Questionnaire, and the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale. Two questions were used to measure intention to leave.Main findings: The results showed that job insecurity was not statistically significantly related to employee engagement and turnover intention. Leadership empowerment behaviour contributed statistically significantly to employee engagement and low turnover intention. Employee engagement partially mediated the relationship between leadership empowerment behaviour and turnover intention.Practical implications: Leaders should be developed to show empowerment behaviour, because it affects employee engagement, which in turn affects their turnover intentionContribution: This was the first study that demonstrated the effect of empowerment behaviour of leaders on the engagement and turnover intention of employees.

  4. Empowerment of Korean women from a postmodern Practical Theological perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eun Ok Jeong

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article is to discuss the situation of Korean women from political, social, cultural and religious perspectives in a postmodern context. Postmodernity implies a denial of the “absolute”, including “absolute power” of men over women. Heideggerian thinking rejects the modernistic privileged status of the Cartesian subject. In this article postmodern anti-foundational, anti-totalizing, and demystifying cate-gories are used to critique patriarchy in Korean society and literature in order to analyze social movements and cultural-religious values in Korea. It discusses a representation of sexual difference and values by means of feminist literary criticism. The article consists of a reflection on the relationship between theory and praxis in feminist Practical Theology, Korean women’s experience, the epistemology of post-modernity, and the empowerment of Korean women.

  5. Challenges and Opportunities for Enhancing User Privacy and User Empowerment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dhotre, Prashant Shantaram; Olesen, Henning; Khajuria, Samant

    2015-01-01

    is becoming the fundamental layer in Internet user’s life. Hence, user empowerment and awareness are essential to realize the value of privacy. In this paper; we discuss the personal data flow from a user to data brokers via service providers. We are focused on user awareness, user control over personal...... information and current business models as privacy issues. The important identified issues include that users are missing privacy awareness tools and unavailability to visualize of personal information flow. We also present some recent advances in these areas to address concern privacy issues like User......Big data techniques allow service providers to collect data on a massive scale. User data has turned into an important asset to service providers. The current business model of service providers gathers too much information for knowledge extraction. In the era of Google and Facebook, privacy...

  6. LHC Magnet Tests Operational Techniques and Empowerment for Successful Completion

    CERN Document Server

    Chohan, V; Priestnall, K; Pirotte, F; Veyrunes, E; Ali, N; Awale, P; Bahuguna, S; Bhunia, U; Chauhan, V; Dixit, M; Gore, J; John, J; Kandaswamy, E; Kasbekar, A; Kashyap, P; Kasliwal, A; Kulkarni, C; Laddha, A; Malhotra, S; Mascarenhas, M; Mishra, J; Motiwala, P; Nair, K; Narayanan, R; Padmakumar, S; Pagare, A; Peruppayikkad, D; Raghunathan, S; Rao, S; Roy, D; Sharma, S; Shimjith, S; Singh, S; Sonnis, S; Sridhar, S; Surendran, P; Tikaria, A

    2007-01-01

    The LHC magnet tests operation team developed various innovative techniques, particularly since early 2004, to complete the superconductor magnet tests by Feb. 2007. Overall and cryogenic priority handling, rapid on-bench thermal cycling, rule-based goodness evaluation on round-the-clock basis, multiple, mashed web systems are some of these techniques applied with rigour for successful tests completion in time. This paper highlights these operation empowerment tools which had a pivotal role for success. A priority handling method was put in place to enable maximum throughput from twelve test benches, having many different constraints. For the cryogenics infrastructure, it implied judicious allocation of limited resources to the benches. Rapid On-Bench Thermal Cycle was a key strategy to accelerate magnets tests throughput, saving time and simplifying logistics. First level magnet appraisal was developed for 24 hr decision making so as to prepare a magnet further for LHC or keep it on standby. Web based system...

  7. Measuring Empowerment Among People With Psychotic Disorders: A Comparison of Three Instruments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Castelein, S.; Gaag, van der M.; Bruggeman, R.; Busschbach, J.T.; Wiersma, D.

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: This study compared three instruments that are used to measure empowerment of people with psychotic disorders. The study evaluated internal consistency, discriminant and convergent validity, sensitivity to symptom levels, and clinical usefulness. METHODS: Fifty patients in the Netherlands

  8. Measuring Empowerment Among People With Psychotic Disorders : A Comparison of Three Instruments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Castelein, Stynke; van der Gaag, Mark; Bruggeman, Richard; van Busschbach, Jooske T.; Wiersma, Durk

    2008-01-01

    Objective: This study compared three instruments that are used to measure empowerment of people with psychotic disorders. The study evaluated internal consistency, discriminant and convergent validity, sensitivity to symptom levels, and clinical usefulness. Methods: Fifty patients in the Netherlands

  9. EMPLOYEES’ EMPOWERMENT AND MATURITY LEVELS OF CORPORATE ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT IN COMPANIES: A FRAMEWORK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charbel José Chiappetta Jabbour

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses a human resource management dimension that is rarely integrated with the theme of corporate environmental management: the employees’ empowerment .Indeed, human resources dimensions are considered non-technical factors that directly affect the integration of environmental performance in companies. Among these dimensions of human resources necessary for environmental management, we highlight the empowerment of employees. Thus, this research provides theoretical basis on environmental management in company and on employee empowerment and the integration of these themes. Finally, a framework for an effective corporate environmental management through empowerment is presented. We intend to contribute in this way for management researchers and organizational leaders, within a scope still scarce of theoretical articulations.

  10. 授权氛围、心理受权氛围与员工的心理受权%Empowerment climate, psychological empowerment climate and employee's psychological empowerment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林美珍

    2013-01-01

    An Empirical study of 52 tourism enterprises is conducted to investigate the impact of organizational level variables (organizational supportive leadership climate,empowerment climate,service behavior evaluation climate),departmental level variables (departmental supportive leadership climate and psychological empowerment climate),employee level variables (employee' s role overload,role conflict and role ambiguity) on employee' s psychological empowerment.The results of HLM analysis indicate that both organizational and departmental level variables have positive effects on employee's psychological empowerment,and the employee's role ambiguity has negative effect on the employee's psychological empowerment.In addition,the organizational empowerment climate has indirect effects on the employee' s psychological empowerment through the departmental psychological empowerment climate,and regulates the relationship between departmental supportive leadership climate and employee' s psychological empowerment.The organizational supportive leadership climate may regulate the relationship between employee' s role overload and their psychological empowerment,and the departmental supportive leadership climate may regulate the relationship between employee' s role conflict and their psychological empowerment.%本文作者在我国52个旅游企业进行了一次实证研究,同时检验企业层次变量(企业的支持型领导氛围、授权氛围、员工服务行为评估氛围)、部门层次变量(部门的支持型领导氛围、心理受权氛围)和员工层次变量(员工的角色负担过重、角色冲突、角色模糊)对员工心理受权的影响.多层次线性模型分析结果表明,企业和部门层次变量对员工心理受权都有显著的正向影响,员工的角色模糊对心理受权有显著的负向影响.此外,企业的授权氛围不仅会通过部门的心理受权氛围,间接影响员工的心理受权,而且会调节部门的支持型领导

  11. Consumer empowerment in Europe: its determinants and the challenges met in measuring it

    OpenAIRE

    Nardo, Michela; D'HOMBRES Beatrice; LOI MASSIMO; PAPPALARDO Luca

    2012-01-01

    Relaying on data from the Special Eurobarometer survey n. 342 launched in 2010 by the European Commission, this paper aims at measuring consumer empowerment at the European level and at portraying the characteristics of empowered consumers. The first objective is achieved through the development of an ad hoc composite indicator – the “Consumer Empowerment Index” – and the second is pursued analyzing its socio-economic determinants. Overall, we find that consumers in the Nordic countries are t...

  12. Empowering employees : structural empowerment as antecedent of job satisfaction in university settings

    OpenAIRE

    Alejandro Orgambídez-Ramos; Yolanda Borrego-Alés

    2014-01-01

    With more organizations looking for employees who take the initiative and respond creatively to the challenges of the job, empowerment becomes important at both individual and organizational levels. Empowered employees are generally more satisfied with their work, committed and effective at work. According to Kanter's structural empowerment, this study examines the role of access to opportunity, resources, support and information, and two types of power, formal and informal, as antecedents of...

  13. Empowerment and use of antenatal care among women in Ghana: a cross-sectional study

    OpenAIRE

    Sipsma, Heather; Ofori-Atta, Angela; Canavan, Maureen; Udry, Christopher; Bradley, Elizabeth

    2014-01-01

    Background Empowerment among women in the context of a romantic relationship may affect the use of reproductive healthcare services; however, current literature examining this association is limited and inconsistent. We therefore aimed to examine the relationship between several measures of empowerment and use of inadequate antenatal care among women in Ghana. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study using data from a nationally representative cohort of women in Ghana. Our analytic sample...

  14. Empowerment and Trust as Mediators of the Relationship between Transformational Leadership and Organizational Effectiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Agron HOXHA

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating role of trust and empowerment on the relationships between transformational leadership and organizational effectiveness. A total of 457 employees participated, 193 of whom were males, with ages ranged from 20 to 56 years. Participants were sampled from senior, middle and lower positions in the organizational structure. Significant positive relationships were observed between transformational leadership, trust, empowerment and organi...

  15. Impact of employee empowerment on job satisfaction: an empirical analysis of Pakistani service industry

    OpenAIRE

    Akbar, Syed Waqar; YOUSAF, Muhammad; Haq, Naeeem Ul; Hunjra, Ahmed Imran

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between employee empowerment and job satisfaction in Pakistani service industry. This study also examines the difference between job satisfaction level of male and female employees. The questionnaire consisting twenty four statements was used for collection of data and was distributed among 200 employees of service industries in Pakistan. SPSS was used for analysis. Results indicate that employee empowerment has positive and significa...

  16. Investigating positive leadership, psychological empowerment, work engagement and satisfaction with life in a chemical industry

    OpenAIRE

    Tersia Nel; Marius W. Stander; Juraida Latif

    2015-01-01

    Orientation: The predominant theme of this research attends to the role of perceived positive leadership behaviour in relation to employee outcomes (psychological empowerment, work engagement, and satisfaction with life).Research purpose: The objective of this study was to investigate whether perceived positive leadership behaviour could predict psychological empowerment, work engagement, and satisfaction with life of employees in a chemical organisation in South Africa and whether positive l...

  17. Job insecurity, leadership empowerment behaviour, employee engagement and intention to leave in a petrochemical laboratory

    OpenAIRE

    Sonet van Schalkwyk; Danie H. du Toit; Adriaan S. Bothma; Sebastiaan Rothmann

    2010-01-01

    Orientation: Engaging individuals at work plays an important role in retaining them. Job security and leadership empowerment behaviour are antecedents of employee engagement.Research purpose: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between job insecurity, leadership empowerment behaviour (as perceived by the employees who report to leaders), employee engagement and intention to leave their jobs in a petrochemical laboratory.Motivation for the study: Knowledge of the e...

  18. Mutuality in Leader–Subordinate Empowerment Expectation: Its Impact on Role Ambiguity and Intrinsic Motivation

    OpenAIRE

    Humborstad, Sut I Wong; Kuvaas, Bård

    2013-01-01

    Drawing on leader role set theory, we examine the relationship between the congruence of leaders’ and subordinates’ empowerment expectations and subordinates’ experiences of role ambiguity and intrinsic motivation. Based on cross-level polynomial regression analysis using 168 subordinates and 33 leaders, the results indicated that the relationship between congruence and role ambiguity and intrinsic motivation vary depending on whether leaders misevaluate subordinate empowerment expectations, ...

  19. A social work empowerment programme for foster parents of sexually abused children / H.J. Galloway

    OpenAIRE

    Galloway, Helena Johanna

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to develop, implement and evaluate a social work empowerment programme for foster parents of sexually abused children. This thesis consists of five sections: SECTION A: Contains the problem statement, objectives and research methodology, the limitations of the study and definitions of key words. The problem statement was formulated as follows: There is no existing scientifically developed and implemented social work empowerment programme for foster parents of s...

  20. Research on Chinese Female Entrepreneurs’ Leadership--From the Perspective of Empowerment

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Qi; Ding, Zizheng

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of the paper is to understand the connection between femaleentrepreneurs’ leadership and empowerment in the context China, based on theories of leadership and entrepreneurship. The thesis is based on the feminist research by presenting 6 qualitative case studies of Chinese female entrepreneurs. The conclusion is that:1. There exists a necessary link between female entrepreneurs’ leadership andempowering way of management.2. Chinese female entrepreneurs tend to apply empowerment to...

  1. Resilience at an individual level: geographic variation in degrees of empowerment

    OpenAIRE

    Issa, S.T.; Al Daia, Roula; Molen, van der, H.F.; Stel, Nora

    2015-01-01

    The current chapter is the first of two chapters together comprising Part 2 of our edited volume that is dedicated to empirically exploring different manifestations of resilience to environmental effects of armed conflict. Each chapter approaches resilience from a different organizational level. In this Chapter 8, degrees of individual empowerment in the coastal area of North Lebanon are researched. For this, we use the analytical framework by Alsop, et al. (2006), which regards empowerment i...

  2. Empowerment among Managers in Malaysian Banking: The Role of Leadership Behaviour and Motivation

    OpenAIRE

    Zakaria, Azzarina Binti

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates empowerment within the under-researched context of banks (Ratmawati, 2007; Spreitzer, 1995) in Malaysia. Specifically, it examines empowerment and its relation to the constructs of leadership behaviour and intrinsic motivation from the narrow perspective of banking organisations of different ownership status (private and government-owned), where a study addressing these issues is lacking (Ergeneli, Ari & Metin, 2007; Holden, 1999; Kappelman, Prybutok & Dran 1996). Addi...

  3. Empowerment y compromiso organizacional del personal docente investigador en el ámbito universitario zuliano

    OpenAIRE

    García de Pilo, Liliana; Useche, Mª Cristina; Schlesinger, María Walesska

    2013-01-01

    Para las organizaciones educativas es importante poseer altos niveles de compromiso organizacional, aspecto impulsado por el empowerment como herramienta de transferencia e igualdad en la toma de decisiones entre todos los docentes investigadores. En tal sentido, se plantea determinar la relación del empowerment y el compromiso organizacional del personal docente-investigador de las universidades del estado Zulia, tomando como referencia los planteamientos de Robbins (2004), Gibson y otros (2...

  4. Mediating effect of job satisfaction in the relationship between psychological empowerment and job performance

    OpenAIRE

    Ferit ÖLÇER

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships among the four components of psychological empowerment (i.e. meaning, self-determination, competence, and impact), job satisfaction and job performance. This study also tested the mediating effect of job satisfaction on the relationship between the components of psychological empowerment and job performance. A survey questionnaire was used to collect data from a sample of 238 employees in manufacturing industry. SPSS wa...

  5. Mediating effect of job satisfaction in the relationship between psychological empowerment and job performance

    OpenAIRE

    Ferit ÖLÇER

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships among the four components of psychological empowerment (i.e. meaning, self-determination, competence, and impact), job satisfaction and job performance. This study also tested the mediating effect of job satisfaction on the relationship between the components of psychological empowerment and job performance. A survey questionnaire was used to collect data from a sample of 238 employees in manufacturing industry. SPSS was used to condu...

  6. Investigating positive leadership, psychological empowerment, work engagement and satisfaction with life in a chemical industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tersia Nel

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: The predominant theme of this research attends to the role of perceived positive leadership behaviour in relation to employee outcomes (psychological empowerment, work engagement, and satisfaction with life.Research purpose: The objective of this study was to investigate whether perceived positive leadership behaviour could predict psychological empowerment, work engagement, and satisfaction with life of employees in a chemical organisation in South Africa and whether positive leadership behaviour has an indirect effect on employees work engagement and satisfaction with life by means of psychological empowerment. Motivation for the study: The motivation for this study arose from the evident gap in academic literature as well as in terms of practical implications for the chemical industry regarding positive leadership behaviour, psychological empowerment, work engagement and satisfaction with life of employees. Research design, approach and method: A cross-sectional survey design was used with a convenience sample (n = 322. Structural equation modelling (SEM was used to examine the structural relationships between the constructs. Main findings: Statistically significant relationships were found between positive leadership behaviour, psychological empowerment, work engagement and satisfaction with life of employees. Positive leadership has an indirect effect on work engagement and satisfaction with life via psychological empowerment.Practical/managerial implications: This study adds to the lack of literature in terms of positive leadership, psychological empowerment, work engagement and satisfaction with life within a chemical industry. It can also assist managers and personnel within the chemical industry to understand and perhaps further investigate relationships that exist between the above mentioned concepts.Contribution/value-add: It is recommended that leadership discussions, short training programs and individual coaching about

  7. Perception of Empowerment among International Students at the University Putra Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Odigbo Ikechukwu Aloysius

    2013-01-01

    Empowerment means enhancement of student's autonomy for decision making. Reports have shown that students who are empowered perform better, and have better relationship with the staff. Therefore this study was carried out to explore the experience of student’s empowerment at the Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM) Malaysia. Informed by a phenomenological qualitative research design, analysis of various sources of primary data was carried out using semi-structured interviews with international and...

  8. To Investigate the Impact of Training, Employee Empowerment and Organizational Climate on Job Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Haleema Zia; Hafiz Muhammad Ishaq; Salma Zahir; Faiz Ahmed

    2014-01-01

    This study investigates the quantitative relationship of training, employee empowerment and organizational climate with job performance. Job performance can be measured in terms of efficiency and effectiveness of employees-how well they perform their tasks in order to achieve organizational goals. Empowerment is very important tool to enhance productivity of an organization by enhancing job performance of employees. In certain conditions it may result in reducing job performance, which depend...

  9. Organization Conditions Enabling Employee Empowerment and the Moderating Role of Individual Personalities

    OpenAIRE

    Sharon Pande; Udayan Dhar

    2014-01-01

    Empowerment is considered a key driver of organization growth. Companies are realizing that in today’sknowledge economy, high levels of supervision and direction actually hamper the full utilization of the employees’potential to contribute towards the overall organization’s objectives.Data was gathered from 243 employees to understand what really counts as empowerment and what impact it hason their effectiveness at work, their levels of innovation, leadership skills, commitment to the organiz...

  10. The Mediation role of organizational learning between team empowerment and team functioning in private colleges

    OpenAIRE

    Bhat, Shabir A.; Parray, Zahoor Ahmad

    2016-01-01

    The main purpose of our study is to investigate the mediation role of employee’s organizational learning perceptions between team empowerment and team functioning dimensions. Participants of this study were 245 non teaching employees working in private degree colleges located in Central and south Kashmir, part of   J & K state in India. According to results of regression analyses, team empowerment had positive effects on Team functions. Furthermore, perceived organizational learning had a med...

  11. Correlation Study on Nurses' Structural Empowerment and Psychological Empowerment%护士结构授权与心理授权的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    包玲; 章雅青; 吴觉敏; 杨晖; 王皓岑

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate nurses' structural empowerment and psychological empowerment, and analyze the correlation between them, with a view to providing evidences for improving nursing settings and management efficiency. Methods A total of 206 nurses from two general hospitals in Shanghai were investigated with questionnaire survey. Results The nurses were observed with a moderate level of o-verall structural empowerment(17. 42 + 3. 059). The mean score of nurses' psychological empowerment was at medium and slightly higher level (3. 49 + 0. 583). There was a significant positive correlation between nurses' structural empowerment and psychological empowerment(P<0. 01). The predictors of nurses' psychological empowerment were formal power,information and informal power in structural empow-erment(P<0. 01). Conclusion There is room for nurse administrators to improve nurses' structural empowerment and psychological empowerment in China. The multiple linear regression model in this study basically reflects the relationship between psychological empowerment and structural empowerment. Nurses' administrators must create structural environment that empower to nurses, especially by ensuring nurses having access to the information and obtaining a high degree of formal and informal power, so as to improve nurses' psychological empowerment, maintain the stability of nursing team, improve work efficiency and the quality of care.%目的 调查护士结构授权和心理授权水平,分析两者之间的关系,为护理管理者改善护士工作环境、提高管理效率提供依据.方法 采用问卷调查法,对上海市2所综合医院的206名护士的工作效能与心理授权情况进行调查.结果 护士结构授权总分为(17.42±3.059)分,处于中等水平;心理授权总分为(3.49±0.583)分,处于中等偏上水平;结构与心理授权呈显著正相关(P<0.01);结构授权中的正式权力、信息和非正式权力是护士心理授权的预测变量(P<0

  12. EMPLOYEE EMPOWERMENT, JOB SATISFACTION AND CORPORATE EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE: A LITERATURE REVIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aarti Kadyan

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Employee empowerment is a management philosophy which gives employees the authority to take decisions about his own tasks without approval of his immediate superior. Empowerment is considered to be one of the most effective ways of enabling employees to utilise their skills and abilities to ameliorate their performance and quality of work life. In recent years the concept of empowerment has earned a great deal of attention due to the impact it has on organizational effectiveness and job satisfaction through improvement in working life. This research paper reviews the related literature on empowerment including its definition, its elements and influence it has on turnover, productivity, job satisfaction, and other elements of corporate performance. Various theoretical and empirical researches have been conducted in the past in order to examine the relationship between the above variables. The review of literature concludes that there is a positive relationship between employee empowerment and job satisfaction. An empowered worker is believed to be more satisfied in his job than a worker is doesn't enjoy autonomy, participation and power in his job. Further employee participation and employee involvement help increase employee performance in an organisation. Employee performance is measured using variables like employee productivity, reduced turnover, social climate of an organisation, employee commitment towards an organisation. It is found that all these job related factors are inter-related. An organisation to achieve competitive edge over others should employ various human resource management practices such as employee empowerment.

  13. Patient Empowerment and its neighbours: clarifying the boundaries and their mutual relationships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fumagalli, Lia Paola; Radaelli, Giovanni; Lettieri, Emanuele; Bertele', Paolo; Masella, Cristina

    2015-03-01

    Patients are increasingly encouraged to become active players in self-care and shared decision-making. Such attention has led to an explosion of terms - empowerment, engagement, enablement, participation, involvement, activation - each having multiple and overlapping meanings. The resulting ambiguity inhibits an effective use of existing evidence. This study addresses this problem by delivering an evidence-based concept mapping of these terms that delineates their boundaries and mutual relationships. We implemented a literature review of contributions associated to patient empowerment, activation, engagement, enablement, involvement, and participation. We implemented a keyword-based strategy collecting contributions published in PubMed database in the 1990-2013 timespan. A total of 286 articles were selected. The results identified three distinct interpretation of patient empowerment, either conceived as a process, an emergent state or as a participative behaviour. Most definitions recognize empowerment as the combination of ability, motivation and power opportunities. A concept mapping for patient empowerment, activation, enablement, engagement, involvement, and participation was then delineated. The concept map consists of two dimensions (nature and focus of concept) and marks distinctions and relationships between the concepts. The resulting concept map paves the way for a number of future research directions that can help improve our understanding of the antecedents and consequences of patient empowerment policies. PMID:25467286

  14. Leadership that promotes teacher empowerment among urban middle school science teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard-Skipper, Joni

    In this study, the focus was on determining leadership strategies that promote teacher empowerment among urban middle school science teachers. The purpose of the paper was to determine if leadership strategies are related to teacher empowerment. The emphasis was on various forms of leadership and the empowerment of teachers in context in restructuring the democratic structure. An effective leadership in science education entails empowering others, especially science teachers. In this regard, no published studies had examined this perspective on empowering teachers and school leadership. Therefore, this study determined if a relationship exists between leadership strategy actions and teacher empowerment. The significance of the study is to determine a relationship between leadership strategies and teacher empowerment as a positive approach toward developing successful schools. Empowerment is essential for implementing serious improvements. Empowering others in schools must form a major component of an effective principal's agenda. It is becoming clearer in research literature that complex changes in education sometimes require active initiation. For this study, a quantitative methodology was used. Primary data enabled the research questions to be answered. The reliability and validity of the research were ensured. The results of this study showed that 40% of the administrators establish program policies with teachers, and 53% of teachers make decisions about new programs in schools. Furthermore, the findings, their implications, and recommendations are discussed.

  15. The Empowerment of Marginalized Community (Street Vendors for Developing Creative Economy in Payakumbuh City West Sumatra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SYAMSIR

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study generally aimed to find a model for empowerment of the marginalized community of street vendors for developing creative economy in Payakumbuh City, West Sumatra. While specifically this study aimed to get an overview of: 1 the City Government’s efforts in the empowerment of street vendors, and 2 the degree of success of the empowerment program of street vendors by the City Government. This study uses qualitative approach. Data collected through questionnaire, interview, observation, and documentation study in several government agencies and the street vendors in Payakumbuh, West Sumatra Province. Respondents in this study consisted of street vendors with business types of vegetables, fruits, accessories, foods, beverages, and other culinary merchants.Using frequency and percentage tests on responses by 445 respondents of street vendors and some informants in Payakumbuh city, West Sumatra, this study tested some aspects of marginalized community empowerment program Payakumbuh City. The findings of this study indicate that: 1 The empowerment of marginal urban communities (street vendors by Payakumbuh Government has been running quite well; and 2 The level of success of the street vendors empowerment programs by the Payakumbuh Government during the time is still categorized as quite well, especially when it is measured based on capital movement of the street vendors.

  16. Assessment of Current Status of Women Farmers in Japan Using Empowerment Indicators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tijani, Sarafat A.; Yano, Izumi

    This research assessed the current status of Japanese women farmers using universal measurement of women empowerment. Two prefectures, Hiroshima and Shimane were selected. Stratified sampling technique was used to select respondents from each village while structured questionnaire was employed to collect data on economic, social, familial, legal, mobility and political status of the respondents. The result shows that status of women farmers was improved in the recent time compared to years back. This was revealed in the favourable responses to some statement questions such as; freedom and participation in voting, relationship with husband, participation in outside work and freedom of movement. However, their status as unpaid workers on family farms, lack of freedom to borrow and lend, inability to express their mind over the children to mother-in-law were the prevailing items of their disempowerment. Classifying respondents on the overall empowerment shows that majority of them were highly empowered. Inferential analysis using t-test to compare women farmers past and present status shows a significant difference, t = 4.827, p = 0.000. Relationship between personal characteristics of women farmers and their present empowerment status using Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) coefficient r shows negative correlation between age and all empowerment indicators. Also marital status has negative correlation with familial and legal empowerment while mother-in-law and familial empowerment were positively correlated. It therefore suggests that status of women farmer in Japan has improved, compare to their situation years back.

  17. Lived experiences of HIV community workers participating in a community empowerment programme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Horn

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Both non-governmental organisations and governmental organisations are very involved in the development and implementation of community empowerment programmes (CEPs. Because of various health issues within the community, 10 CEPs were launched in Ladysmith with a focus on addressing the particular needs of HIV-affected and -infected members. Of the 10 programmes, however, only four were deemed sustainable after five years.Objectives: The researcher explored the lived experiences of HIV community workers participating in two CEPs in Ladysmith, KwaZulu-Natal in order to develop recommendations for CEPs.Method: Data were explored using a qualitative hermeneutic phenomenological approach. Ten participants who had been involved in HIV CEPs for more than six months were identified and individual interviews were held.Results: Three themes emerged, namely, giving of yourself, maintaining sustainability and assisting the CEPs and community workers. Each of these themes also contained a number of subthemes. Exploring the lived experience of the community workers revealed that there are a number of ways in which to promote the sustainability of CEPs.Conclusion: The community should be involved in all aspects of the CEP and community workers must respect the community and their knowledge, experience and value systems.

  18. Education for type 2 diabetes mellitus self-care: from compliance to empowerment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Pithon Cyrino

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Through a critical review of the literature on education for diabetes self-care and self-management, it was sought to point out the inappropriateness of traditional approaches towards compliance with treatment and transmission of information, considering the complexity of self-care under chronic conditions. The influence of the social sciences on the field of studies on chronic degenerative diseases in general, and diabetes in particular, was explored. From this perspective, it can be recognized that the fields of anthropology and sociology have been incorporated into research focusing more on individuals as patients, and on the experience gained through this process. Recently, there has been a slight change within the field of health education research relating to diabetes, with the introduction of strategies that seek to value the experience and autonomy of patients as self-care agents. This paper discusses the strategy for empowerment in education for diabetes self-care and self-management, as a dialogue-focused practice that respects patients' moral and cognitive autonomy.

  19. Community-Based Research among Marginalized HIV Populations: Issues of Support, Resources, and Empowerment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Brondani

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A research question was posed to us by a local HIV-resource organization interested in exploring the educational and service needs of those unreached. In order to properly address this inquiry, we developed a community-based participatory research by training peer-led volunteers to facilitate focus-group discussions within Aboriginal and refugees participants following an interview guide. We gathered Aboriginal people and refugees separated into three focus groups each, enrolling a total of 41 self-identified HIV-positive, 38 males. The discussions were tape recorded upon consent and lasted between 59 and 118 minutes. We analyzed the thematic information collected interactively through constant comparison. The qualitative data leading to categories, codes, and themes formed the basis for the spatial representation of a conceptual mapping. Both groups shared similar struggles in living with HIV and in properly accessing local nonmedical HIV resources and discussed their concerns towards the need for empowerment and support to take control of their health.

  20. Personalized Strategies to Activate and Empower Patients in Health Care and Reduce Health Disparities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Jie; Mullins, C. Daniel; Novak, Priscilla; Thomas, Stephen B.

    2016-01-01

    Designing culturally sensitive personalized interventions is essential to sustain patients' involvement in their treatment and encourage patients to take an active role in their own health and health care. We consider patient activation and empowerment as a cyclical process defined through patient accumulation of knowledge, confidence, and…

  1. The Nexus between Child Marriage and Women Empowerment with Physical Violence in Two Culturally Distinct States of India

    OpenAIRE

    Jayakant Singh; Enu Anand

    2015-01-01

    Summary. We investigated the relationship between child marriage among young women and their level of empowerment with spousal physical violence in two culturally distinct states of India (Bihar and Tamil Nadu) using nationally representative survey data. Empowerment index was calculated taking into account parameters such as mobility, economic independence, and decision-making power of a woman using Principal Component Analysis method. Lower level of women empowerment was significantly assoc...

  2. EXAMINING PROSPECTIVE PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHER’S DIGITAL EMPOWERMENT LEVELS AND THEIR ATTITUDES TOWARDS USING TECHNOLOGY IN EDUCATION

    OpenAIRE

    DAG, SERAP AKBABA; OKSAL, Aynur

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine the digital empowerment levels of prospective primary school teachers and their attitudes towards using technology in their educational activities, to find out whether there is a relation between the digital empowerment levels and the attitudes towards using technology in educational activities and, to research the level of such a relation if any. For this purpose, two scales are used; “Digital Empowerment Scale” developed by Akkoyunlu, Yılmaz Soylu and Ç...

  3. THE IMPACT OF EMPLOYEE EMPOWERMENT ON ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION AND CONTEXTUAL PERFORMANCE OF EMPLOYEE: A CASE BANKING SECTOR IN PAKISTAN

    OpenAIRE

    Mudassar Ghafoor; Sadaf Amjad Gillani; Maria Zafar Cheema; M. Azeem

    2013-01-01

    The rationale of study is to investigate the effects of employee empowerment on achievement motivation and contextual performance of employees. Responses of employees in Public and private banks have been analyzed by using regressions analysis. The results of study show the positive impact of employee empowerment of achievement motivation and contextual performance of employees. It implies that employee empowerment is important for achievement motivation and ultimate performance for employees...

  4. 合同制护士心理授权与离职意愿的相关性研究%A study on correlation between psychological empowerment and turnover intention in contract nurses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王倩倩; 刘红; 李媛; 张建

    2014-01-01

    目的:分析合同制护士的心理授权、离职意愿状况及两者的相关关系,以降低离职率,稳定护理队伍。方法:采用心理授权量表、离职意愿量表对泰安市某“三甲”综合医院的398名合同制护士进行问卷调查。结果:合同制护士心理授权处于中等水平,总均分为(3.63±0.44)分,离职意愿得分为(2.79±0.52)分,处于较高水平;多元回归分析结果显示,心理授权的工作意义、工作影响2个维度及年龄、工作年限是离职意愿的影响因素(P<0.05)。结论:护理管理者有必要重视护士心理授权,提高护士工作场所心理授权水平,稳定合同制护士队伍,降低其离职意愿,提高护理服务质量。%Objective:To investigate status of psychological empowerment and turnover intention in contract nurses, and to analyze the correlation of them. Methods:Totally 398 contract nurses by convenience sampling from one tertiary comprehensive hospital in Taian were investigated with psychological empowerment scale and turnover intention questionnaire. Results: The nurses' psychological empowerment was in a middle level, and the mean score of psychological empowerment was 3.63±0.44;The overall level of contract nurses' turnover intention was much higher (2.79±0.52); The nurses' psychological empowerment both in the meaning of work and impact of work, age and work-time were factors leading to turnover intention (P<0.05). Conclusion:It is necessary for healthcare managers to pay more attention to nurses' psychological empowerment, so as to promote the quality of health care, to enhance psychological empowerment levels of nurses, and to decrease the turnover intention.

  5. Correlations between Empowerment Ability and Self-care Behaviors in Diabetics%糖尿病患者授权能力与自护行为的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐美月; 周娟华; 林玲萍; 郑和昕

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the correlation between the empowerment ability and self-care behaviors in diabetics. Methods A total of 175 inpatient diabetics in 5 Class-III Level A hospitals in Hangzhou on their empowerment ability and self-care behaviors through diabetes empowerment scale-short form(DES-SF) and summary of diabetes self-care activities(SDSCA) by convenience sampling method. Results The empowerment ability levels ranked moderate or advanced and reached 86. 8%. The highest score in self-care behaviors was detected in medicine administration management, which was followed by diet management and feet self-care. Diet management, feet self-care and total self-care scores had positive correlations with empowerment score(P<0. 05). Conclusion The health care providers should enhance the empowerment education of self-care behaviors in diabetics, so as to improve the ability of self-management and finally prevent or minimize the development of diabetic complications.%目的 探讨糖尿病患者授权能力与自护行为的相关性.方法 采用糖尿病授权简化量表(diabetes empowerment scale-short form,DES-SF)和糖尿病自护行为量表以方便抽样法对杭州地区5所三级甲等医院175名住院糖尿病患者的授权能力和自护行为做现况调查.结果 糖尿病患者授权水平总分处于中、高水平者86.8%;自护行为中用药管理得分最高,其次为饮食管理、足部护理;饮食管理、足部护理、自护总分与授权得分呈正相关(P<0.05).结论 医护人员应加强糖尿病患者自护行为的授权教育,以提高患者的自我管理能力,防止和减少并发症的发生.

  6. Investing in nursing and midwifery enterprise: Empowering women and strengthening health systems--A landscaping study of innovations in low- and middle-income countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krubiner, Carleigh B; Salmon, Marla; Synowiec, Christina; Lagomarsino, Gina

    2016-01-01

    Women's empowerment and global health promotion are both central aims in the development agenda, with positive associations and feedback loops between empowerment and health outcomes. To date, most of the work exploring connections between health and empowerment has focused on women as health consumers. This article summarizes a much longer landscape review that examines ways in which various health programs can empower women as providers, specifically nurses and midwives. We conducted a scan of the Center for Health Market Innovations database to identify how innovative health programs can create empowerment opportunities for nurses and midwives. We reviewed 94 programs, exploring nurses' and midwives' roles and inputs that contribute to their empowerment. There were four salient models: provider training, information and communications technologies, cooperatives, and clinical franchises. By documenting these approaches and their hallmarks for empowering female health workers, we hope to stimulate greater uptake of health innovations coupled with gender-empowerment opportunities globally. The full report with expanded methodology and findings is available online. PMID:26652587

  7. Health literacy and health communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiuchi Takahiro

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Health communication consists of interpersonal or mass communication activities focused on improving the health of individuals and populations. Skills in understanding and applying information about health issues are critical to this process and may have a substantial impact on health behaviors and health outcomes. These skills have recently been conceptualized in terms of health literacy (HL. This article introduces current concepts and measurements of HL, and discusses the role of HL in health communication, as well as future research directions in this domain. Studies of HL have increased dramatically during the past few years, but a gap between the conceptual definition of HL and its application remains. None of the existing instruments appears to completely measure the concept of HL. In particular, studies on communication/interaction and HL remain limited. Furthermore, HL should be considered not only in terms of the characteristics of individuals, but also in terms of the interactional processes between individuals and their health and social environments. Improved HL may enhance the ability and motivation of individuals to find solutions to both personal and public health problems, and these skills could be used to address various health problems throughout life. The process underpinning HL involves empowerment, one of the major goals of health communication.

  8. Patient Empowerment Improved Perioperative Quality of Care in Cancer Patients Aged ≥ 65 Years - A Randomized Controlled Trial.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maren Schmidt

    Full Text Available This randomized controlled, clinical prospective interventional trial was aimed at exploring the effect of patient empowerment on short- and long-term outcomes after major oncologic surgery in elderly cancer patients.This trial was performed from February 2011 to January 2014 at two tertiary medical centers in Germany. The study included patients aged 65 years and older undergoing elective surgery for gastro-intestinal, genitourinary, and thoracic cancer. The patients were randomly assigned to the intervention group, i.e. patient empowerment through information booklet and diary keeping, or to the control group, which received standard care. Randomization was done by block randomization in blocks of four in order of enrollment. The primary outcome were 1,postoperative length of hospital stay (LOS and 2. long-term global health-related quality of life (HRQoL one year postoperatively. HRQoL was assessed using the EORTC QLQ C30 questionnaire. Secondary outcomes encompassed postoperative stress and complications. Further objectives were the identification of predictors of LOS, and HRQoL at 12 months.Overall 652 patients were included. The mean age was 72 ± 4.9 years, and the majority of patients were male (68.6%, n = 447. The ^median of postoperative length of stay was 9 days (IQR 7-14 day. There were no significant differences between the intervention and the control groups in postoperative LOS (p = 0.99 or global HRQoL after one year (women: p = 0.54, men: p = 0.94. While overall complications and major complications occurred in 74% and 24% of the cases, respectively, frequency and severity of complications did not differ significantly between the groups. Patients in the intervention group reported significantly less postoperative pain (p = 0.03 than the control group. Independent predictors for LOS were identified as severity of surgery, length of anesthesia, major postoperative complications, nutritional state, and pre-operative physical

  9. Association of Domestic Violence From Husband and Women Empowerment in Slum Community, Mumbai.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donta, Balaiah; Nair, Saritha; Begum, Shahina; Prakasam, C P

    2016-07-01

    Prevalence of violence by husband against wife is an indicator of women's status at household level. The objective of the study is to understand the relationship between domestic violence and women's empowerment in a slum community in Mumbai, India. Data were collected from a sample of 1,136 married women aged 18 to 39 years having at least one child and reporting of unmet need for family planning. Domestic violence by husband against wife was measured in terms of either physical, sexual, or emotional violence. Three logit regression analyses were carried out using decision-making power, freedom of movement, and justified wife beating as dependent variables separately and socio-demographic and economic variables as independent variables. Furthermore, the relationship between domestic violence and women's decision-making power, freedom of movement, and justified wife-beating index has been explored. About 21% of women had ever experienced violence, and 38% of women had decision-making power with respect to own health care, household purchase, or visiting family and relatives. A little more than one fifth of the women reported freedom of movement to market, health facilities, or places outside the community. Women who justified wife beating were 2.29 (95% CI [1.59, 3.29]) times at risk of experiencing violence than women who disagreed with the wife-beating statements. Women not empowered in decision making were 1.15 (95% CI [0.91, 1.46]) times at risk of experiencing domestic violence than women who were empowered in decision making. Women who are empowered are less likely to be at risk of domestic violence. Programs aimed at empowering women must address socio-cultural norms relating to justification of violence in marriage. PMID:25711619

  10. Mandated empowerment: handing antipoverty policy back to the poor?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banerjee, Abhijit V; Duflo, Esther

    2008-01-01

    The current trend in antipoverty policy emphasizes mandated empowerment: the poor are being handed the responsibility for making things better for themselves, largely without being asked whether this is what they want. Beneficiary control is now being built into public service delivery, while microcredit and small business promotion are seen as better ways to help the poor. The clear presumption is that the poor are both able and happy to exercise these new powers. This essay uses two examples to raise questions about these strategies. The first example is about entrepreneurship among the poor. Using data from a number of countries, we argue that there is no evidence that the median poor entrepreneur is trying his best to expand his existing businesses, even if we take into account the many constraints he faces. While many poor people own businesses, this seems to be more a survival strategy than something they want to do. The second example comes from an evaluation of a program in India that aims to involve poor rural parents in improving local public schools. The data suggest that despite being informed that they now have both the right to intervene in the school and access to funds for that purpose, and despite being made aware of how little the children were learning, parents opt to not get involved. Both examples raise concerns about committing ourselves entirely to antipoverty strategies that rely on the poor doing a lot of the work. PMID:18579890

  11. Empowering Employees: Structural Empowerment as Antecedent of Job Satisfaction in University Settings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Orgambídez-Ramos

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available With more organizations looking for employees who take the initiative and respond creatively to the challenges of the job, empowerment becomes important at both individual and organizational levels. Empowered employees are generally more satisfied with their work, committed and effective at work. According to Kanter's structural empowerment, this study examines the role of access to opportunity, resources, support and information, and two types of power, formal and informal, as antecedents of job satisfaction. A cross sectional study using questionnaires was conducted. The sample consisted of 226 Spanish university teachers. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses have revealed that intrinsic job satisfaction was significantly predicted by formal power and access to opportunity, and job satisfaction with supervisor was predicted by informal power, and access to resources, information, and support. Results support Kanter's theory of structural empowerment, and suggest strong relationships between job satisfaction and structural empowerment. It is a link between empowering work settings and organizational outcomes (job satisfaction, organizational commitment, effectiveness. On a practical level, Kanter's structural empowerment theory provides a framework for understanding empowering workplaces and empowered employees.

  12. An Empirical Study of the Relationship between Transformational Leadership, Empowerment and Organizational Commitment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd Hamran Mohamad

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Organizational leadership literature highlights that transformational leadership has four salient features: intellectual stimulation, individualized consideration, individualized influenced attributed, and individualized influence behavior. The ability of leaders to properly implement this leadership style may have a significant impact on organizational commitment. More importantly, recent studies in this area reveal that effect of transformational leadership style on organizational commitment is indirectly affected by empowerment. The nature of this relationship is interesting, but little is known about the mediating effect of empowerment in organizational leadership literature. Therefore, this study was conducted to examine the influence of empowerment in the relationship between transformational leadership and organizational commitment using a sample of 118 usable questionnaires gathered from employees who have worked in one US subsidiary firm in East Malaysia, Malaysia. The results of exploratory factor analysis confirmed that the measurement scales used in this study satisfactorily met the standards of validity and reliability analyses. Further, the outcomes of Stepwise Regression analysis showed that the relationship between empowerment and transformational leadership positively and significantly correlated with the organizational commitment. Statistically, this result confirms that empowerment acts as a mediating variable in the relationship between transformational leadership and organizational commitment in the organizational sample. In addition, discussion, implications and conclusion are elaborated.

  13. The Relationship between Human Resource Empowerment and Organizational Performance in Football Clubs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alkistis Papaioannou

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This study examined the extent to which empowerment is applied to Greek professional football clubs, and the relationship between empowerment and organizational performance. Empowerment, on the one hand, has been described as a means to enable employees to make decisions and accomplish their work in meaningful ways, and on the other hand, as a personal phenomenon where individuals take responsibility for their own actions. For analytical purposes the participatory football clubs were divided into two groups based on their budget: (a wealthy football clubs, and (b less wealthy football clubs. The results of the study indicated that empowerment is being used similarly in wealthy football clubs as well as in less wealthy football clubs. The basic difference between them was in the managerial styles they used. In particular, in less wealthy football clubs there was a strong and positive relationship between average of revenues in five years and two key factors of empowerment such as: the “management information /communication system skills” and the “total of all managerial functions”. Limitations of the present study and suggestions for further research are presented.

  14. A study on relationship between employees’ psychological empowerment and organizational commitment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmoud Bani

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an empirical investigation to study the relationship between employees’ psychological empowerment and organizational commitment in revenue agency of city of Semnan, Iran. The study uses two questionnaires, one for measuring the effects of psychological empowerment developed by Mishra and Spreitzer (1998 [Mishra, A. K., & Spreitzer, G. M. (1998. Explaining how survivors respond to downsizing: The roles of trust, empowerment, justice, and work redesign. Academy of management Review, 23(3, 567-588.] and the other for measuring organizational commitment developed by Meyer and Allen (1991 [Meyer, J. P., & Allen, N. J. (1991. A three-component conceptualization of organizational commitment. Human resource management review, 1(1, 61-89.]. Cronbach alphas for psychological empowerment and organizational commitment are calculated as 0.81 and 0.92, respectively, which are well above the minimum acceptable levels. The results of our survey have indicated that there were positive and meaningful relationships between psychological empowerment and organizational commitment components including Sense of efficacy (r = 0.414, Sig. =0.000, meaningful (r = 0.481, Sig. =0.000, having a choice (r = 0.341, Sig. = 0.000 and trust (r = 0.736, Sig. =0.000. However, the survey does not support any relationship between Competency and organizational commitment.

  15. The Relationship between Empowerment and Organizational Citizenship Behavior of the Pedagogical Organization Employees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghodratollah Bagheri

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Employee empowerment and organizational citizenship behavior have very important roles in the process of accomplishment and continuous development of organizational performance. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to determine the relationship between these two variables in employees of Qom province pedagogical organization. Ninety nine statistical samples were selected from the population through classified sampling. The researcher-made questionnaire was used to measure the empowerment and its components and the Moorman and Black‟s standardized questionnaire was employed to measure organizational citizenship behavior and its components.The components of empowerment are expertise, courage in action, work ethics, communicative skills, thinking, and experience gaining. The results of t-test showed that the situation of empowerment and organizational citizenship behavior were relatively desirable. But the results of Spearman‟s correlation coefficient and partial correlation coefficient showed that there was no relationship between empowerment and organizational citizenship behavior of employees (p<0.05. However, the relation of communicative and behavioral skills to organizational citizenship behavior was significant.

  16. Front-Line Employees’ Recognition And Empowerment Effect On Retail Bank Customers’ Perceived Value

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vida Škudienė

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Understanding how front-line bank employee recognition and empowerment impacts customer value is an important issue for the banking industry. Retail banking customers perceive little difference in services as competition has created more choices. When banks develop new products, they are easily duplicated by the competition. Banks can gain a competitive advantage by understanding the interrelationships that impact customer’s perceived value. The major providers of customer perceived value in retail banking are front-line employees. This research aims to better understand these interrelationships and examine how front-line retail bank employee recognition and empowerment relate to retail bank customer perceived value. Customer’s perceived value is defined in terms of relationship, social, emotional, service and empowerment. Survey findings illustrate that retail banks should concentrate more on employee recognition and empowerment to impact customers’ perceived value. According to the findings of the survey, front-line employee recognition and empowerment has a positive impact on customer’s perceived value.

  17. Relationship between transformational leadership style and organizational commitment: Mediating effect of psychological empowerment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asif, Muhammad; Ayyub, Samia; Bashir, Muhammad Khawar

    2014-12-01

    This study explores the relationship between style of transformational leadership and organizational commitment of employees with mediating role of psychological empowerment in the textile sector Punjab Pakistan. Data was collected using tools from 250 employees. The transformational leadership questionnaire, MLQ-Multifactor leadership Questionnaire [1] was used to verify the perception of the employees towards transformational leadership style in two dimensions i.e. idealized influence and inspirational motivation. The organizational commitment questionnaire designed by [2] was used to verify the affective organizational commitment. Further, psychological empowerment questionnaire was developed by [3] which was used to examine the state of psychological empowerment of textile sector employees. Pearson Correlation revealed that there exists a positive significant relationship between idealized influence and affective organizational commitment, Inspirational motivation and affective organizational commitment, affective organizational commitment and psychological empowerment. The results from the study put forward that there is a significant relationship between style of transformational leadership and organizational commitment. The mediating variable which one is suitable in the model i.e. psychological empowerment and the model is good fit as the F value is significant.

  18. Health Education approaches in school textbooks of 14 countries : biomedical model versus health promotion

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho, Graça Simões; Dantas, Catarina; Rauma, Anna-Liisa; Luzi, Daniela; Geier, Christine; Caussidier, Claude; Berger, Dominique; Clément, Pierre, 1809-1870.

    2007-01-01

    Classically, Health Education has been based in the Biomedical Model (BM) of Health, where the pathologic, Curative and Preventive conceptions are its main pillars. The more recent approach of Health Promotion (HP) looks for identification of Healthy habits, develop empowerment for healthy decision-making towards environmental challenges. The aim of the present study was to compare the emphases on either model (BM or HP) given by textbooks on the topic of Health Education of 14 countries. ...

  19. Health education in textbooks of 16 countries : emphasis on biomedical and health promotion approaches

    OpenAIRE

    Dantas, Catarina; Carvalho, Graça Simões; Clément, Pierre, 1809-1870.

    2007-01-01

    Classically, Health Education has been based on the Biomedical Model (BM) of health, where the pathologic, curative and preventive conceptions are the main pillars. The more recent approach of Health Promotion (HP) looks for identification of healthy habits and for developing personal empowerment for healthy decision-making towards environmental challenges. The aim of the present study was to compare the emphases on either model (BM or HP) given by textbooks on the topic of Health Educati...

  20. The Role of Empowerment in Youth Development: A Study of Sociopolitical Control as Mediator of Ecological Systems' Influence on Developmental Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christens, Brian D.; Peterson, N. Andrew

    2012-01-01

    Empowerment has become an influential concept and theoretical framework for social policy and practice. Still, relatively little is known about the roles that empowerment plays in the ecology of human development, particularly among young people. This article reports results of a study of psychological empowerment among young people, using data…

  1. Empowerment of people with a long-term work disability: development of the ''VrijBaan'' questionnaire

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D. Samoocha; J. de Koning; T. Zaeyen; H.C. Vet; D.J. Bruinvels; F. Nijhuis; A.J. van der Beek

    2011-01-01

    Purpose. To develop an instrument that measures empowerment among people with a long-term work disability. Methods. aEuro integral A six-dimension empowerment model was chosen as a theoretical framework. These dimensions are as follows: competence, self-determination, meaning, impact, positive ident

  2. Empowerment of Non-Academic Personnel in Higher Education: Exploring Associations with Perceived Organizational Support for Innovation and Organizational Trust

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lau, Wing Keung Jason

    2010-01-01

    Employee empowerment has long been associated with organizational outcomes such as innovation, greater effectiveness, and better performance. Non-academic professional employees in higher education are responsible for the important day-to-day operations of a university; therefore, organizational strategies such as employee empowerment that…

  3. 34 CFR 299.3 - What priority may the Secretary establish for activities in an Empowerment Zone or Enterprise...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... activities in an Empowerment Zone or Enterprise Community? For any ESEA discretionary grant program, the Secretary may establish a priority, as authorized by 34 CFR 75.105(b), for projects that will— (a) Use a... activities in an Empowerment Zone or Enterprise Community? 299.3 Section 299.3 Education Regulations of...

  4. The effect of empowerment on the self-efficacy, quality of life and clinical and laboratory indicators of patients treated with hemodialysis: a randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moattari Marzieh

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Hemodialysis patients face numerous physical and psychological stresses that result in reduced health. The aim of this study is to determine the impact of an empowerment program on self-efficacy, quality of life, clinical indicators of blood pressure and interdialytic weight gain, and laboratory results in these patients. Methods This randomized, controlled trial was conducted at Boo Ali Sina Dialysis Center, Shiraz, Iran. A total of 48 hemodialysis patients participated in this study. After acquisition of informed consent, eligible patients were randomly divided into two groups, control and experimental. Pre-test data were obtained by using a demographic data form and two questionnaires for self-efficacy and quality of life. Blood pressure and interdialytic weight gain were measured. We extracted laboratory data from patients’ charts. A six-week empowerment intervention that included four individual and two group counselling sessions was performed for the experimental group. Six weeks after intervention, post-test data were obtained from both groups in the same manner as the pre-test. Data were analyzed by ANCOVA using SPSS v11.5. Results There were no statistically significant differences in demographic variables between the groups. Pre-test mean scores for self-efficacy, quality of life, blood pressure, interdialytic weight gain and laboratory results did not differ between the groups. There was a significant difference between the experimental and control groups in terms of pre-to post-intervention changes in overall self-efficacy scores, stress reduction, and decision making, in addition to overall quality of life and all dimensions included within quality of life based on this questionnaire. Additionally, the pre- to post-intervention changes in systolic/diastolic blood pressures, interdialytic weight gain, hemoglobin and hematocrit levels significantly differed between the groups. Conclusion Our study demonstrates

  5. Empowerment and Trust as Mediators of the Relationship between Transformational Leadership and Organizational Effectiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agron Hoxha

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating role of trust and empowerment on the relationships between transformational leadership and organizational effectiveness. A total of 457 employees participated, 193 of whom were males, with ages ranged from 20 to 56 years. Participants were sampled from senior, middle and lower positions in the organizational structure. Significant positive relationships were observed between transformational leadership, trust, empowerment and organizational effectiveness. Hierarchical regression analysis found that trust and empowerment significantly enhanced the relationship between organizational leadership styles and organizational effectiveness. The results of this study support path-goal theory which suggests that different style of leadership needs to be applied to different groups or individuals in an organization.

  6. Empowerment and Trust as Mediators of the Relationship between Transformational Leadership and Organizational Effectiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agron HOXHA

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating role of trust and empowerment on the relationships between transformational leadership and organizational effectiveness. A total of 457 employees participated, 193 of whom were males, with ages ranged from 20 to 56 years. Participants were sampled from senior, middle and lower positions in the organizational structure. Significant positive relationships were observed between transformational leadership, trust, empowerment and organizational effectiveness. Hierarchical regression analysis found that trust and empowerment significantly enhanced the relationship between organizational leadership styles and organizational effectiveness. The results of this study support path-goal theory which suggests that different style of leadership needs to be applied to different groups or individuals in an organization.

  7. Capacity Building and Empowerment: A panacea and a challenge for agency-university engagement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yolanda Suarez-Balcazar

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Capacity building is an effective strategy for promoting organizational change and/or improving the quality of social services. In this article I present an empowerment approach to capacity building. In doing so I propose a number of principles that can promote capacity building and collaboration between social service agencies and universities from an empowerment perspective: keeping the control of the capacity building process in the agency; developing competencies that matter to the people in the agency; engaging in supportive roles; maintaining a strengths-based approach to capacity building; focusing on sustainability, institutionalization and utilization of acquired skills; and paying attention to cultural and contextual issues. Further, the challenges and benefits of the empowerment approach to university-agency collaboration are discussed in this article.

  8. Women’s empowerment through openness: OER, OEP and the Sustainable Development Goals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leigh-Anne Perryman

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the potential of open educational resources (OER and open educational practices (OEP in helping achieve women’s empowerment in the developing world. Our evidence comprises the Open Education Research Hub open dataset, featuring survey responses from 7,700 educators, formal and informal learners from 175 countries concerning the use of OER, the barriers faced in respect of OER adoption and OEP engagement, and the perceived impact of OER on teaching practices. Our findings indicate that OER and OEP can give women a voice, access to information and education, and the opportunity to connect with peers and train others. However, they also highlight extreme inequalities in digital empowerment and extensive technological barriers to digital participation. We argue that while such technological barriers certainly need removing, the potential of openness can only fully be realised when ‘offline’ societal and economic barriers to women’s empowerment are also minimised.

  9. Processes through which transformational leaders affect employee psychological health

    OpenAIRE

    Walsh, Megan; Dupré, Kathryne; Arnold, Kara A.

    2014-01-01

    This study investigates the processes through which transformational leaders influence employee psychological health. The results indicate that employees’ perceptions of justice of the organization and psychological empowerment mediate the positive relationship between transformational leadership and psychological health. This study supports the notion that transformational leadership influences individuals’ perceptions of organizations, as well as individuals’ perceptions of themselves, whic...

  10. Nurse Managers’ Perceptions and Experiences Regarding Staff Nurse Empowerment: A Qualitative Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter eVan Bogaert

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available AimTo study nurse managers’ perceptions and experiences with staff nurse structural empowerment and the impact on the nurse manager leadership role and style.BackgroundNurse managers’ leadership roles may be viewed as challenging given the complex needs of patients in the context of staff nurses’ involvement in clinical as well organizational decision-making processes, in interdisciplinary care settings.DesignQualitative phenomenological study MethodsIndividual semi-structured interviews of 8 medical or surgical nurse managers were conducted in a 600-bed Belgian university hospital between December 2013 and June 2014. This organization was undergoing a transformational process to convert from a classic hierarchical and departmental structure to one that was flat and interdisciplinary.ResultsNurse managers were familiar with and held positive attitudes about nurse structural empowerment in the hospital. They conveyed the positive impact of empowerment on their staff nurses that in turn improved the quality of care and patient safety. Structural empowerment was supported by several change initiatives at the unit and hospital levels and nurse managers’ experiences with these initiatives was reported as mixed because of the changing demands on their manager role and leadership style. In addition, pressure was experienced both by staff nurses and nurse managers through direct patient care priorities, tightly scheduled projects and miscommunication.ConclusionNurse managers reported a favourable impact of structural empowerment on staff nurses’ professional attitudes and the safety and quality of care on their units. However, they also reported that the empowerment process, created changing demands in the manager role as well as daily practice dilemmas with regard to needed leadership styles. Clear organisational goals and dedicated support for nurses as well as nursing unit managers will be imperative to sustain an empowered practice

  11. A mixed-methods study of mid-career science teachers: The growth of professional empowerment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreland, Amy Laphelia

    The purpose of this concurrent, mixed-methods study was to examine the professional empowerment qualities of mid-career (years 4-8), science teachers. I used the construct of professional empowerment as the theoretical frame to explore K-12 mid-career science teachers' career trajectories and consider how they can be supported professionally and ideally retained over time. In investigating the qualities of these teachers, I also constructed a new teaching trajectory model and tested the differences between mid-career and veteran science teachers. I analyzed seventy-eight surveys of mid-career science teachers across Texas, including six in-depth, interview-based case studies. The qualitative piece used behavior-over-time graphing combined with the interviews and the quantitative component used survey data from the Teacher Empowerment Survey (TES). Results indicated that science content knowledge gain through professional development opportunities was an especially important factor in supporting mid-career teachers' sense of empowerment. This increased content knowledge connected positively with the dimensions of decision-making, status, and impact. In a between-group analysis using a larger subset of TES data, I analyzed 254 surveys by conducting a nonparametric statistical test. A statistically significant difference was found between the two groups, in that mid-career science teachers had a lower sense of "status" than their more experienced counterparts (p empowerment. The study was situated within a broader scope of exploring how educational leaders and professional development providers can understand and support science teachers of varying experience levels. A well-designed and possibly differentiated professional development program could successfully connect with these kind of empowered and receptive mid-career science teachers, and thus increase the probability of implementing quality science education programs, content, and pedagogy into schools. The

  12. Gender equality is a human right. Empowerment, women and human rights, past, present and future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blumberg, R L

    1998-01-01

    This analysis opens by noting that the fact that women's equality is a human right is gaining universal acceptance and by outlining some of the major events that have marked recognition of the concept of human rights and women's rights. The analysis then considers the history of how humans have subsisted on earth in hunter-gatherer societies, horticultural (hoe-based, shifting cultivation) societies, agrarian (plow, permanent cultivation) societies, industrial societies, and information and technological societies. Next, a theory of gender stratification is applied to each situation to show how gender stratification depends upon who has control of economic resources (not who does the most work or even who legally owns the resources). Thus, women and men enjoy equality and cooperation to survive in foraging societies, men dominate in horticultural and agrarian societies, and women begin to regain ground in industrial societies. The analysis also takes into account macro- and micro-level "discount" factors that affect the amount of leverage a woman can get from money earned. The next section of the analysis deals with present conditions and notes that women can achieve equal rights via economic empowerment in combination with macro-level changes. This section also explains how "sexism kills" and considers the economic factors affecting violence against women. The article goes on to quantify progress to date, with a focus on women's gains in education, health, work and income, and political equality as well as slower gains in ratification of pertinent international treaties. The article concludes with an optimistic view of the future as the information age allows women to gain more power. PMID:12157792

  13. From tokenism to empowerment: progressing patient and public involvement in healthcare improvement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ocloo, Josephine; Matthews, Rachel

    2016-01-01

    Background There have been repeated calls to better involve patients and the public and to place them at the centre of healthcare. Serious clinical and service failings in the UK and internationally increase the urgency and importance of addressing this problem. Despite this supportive policy context, progress to achieve greater involvement is patchy and slow and often concentrated at the lowest levels of involvement. Methods A selective narrative literature search was guided by the authors’ broad expertise, covering a range of disciplines across health and social care, policy and research. Published systematic literature reviews were used to identify relevant authors and publications. Google and hand searches of journal articles and reference lists and reports augmented identification of recent evidence. Results Patients and the wider public can be involved at most stages of healthcare, and this can have a number of benefits. Uncertainty persists about why and how to do involvement well and evaluate its impact, how to involve and support a diversity of individuals, and in ways that allow them to work in partnership to genuinely influence decision-making. This exposes patient and public involvement (PPI) to criticisms of exclusivity and tokenism. Conclusions Current models of PPI are too narrow, and few organisations mention empowerment or address equality and diversity in their involvement strategies. These aspects of involvement should receive greater attention, as well as the adoption of models and frameworks that enable power and decision-making to be shared more equitably with patients and the public in designing, planning and co-producing healthcare. PMID:26993640

  14. The Effect of an Interdisciplinary Community Health Project on Student Attitudes toward Community Health, People Who Are Indigent and Homeless, and Team Leadership Skill Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rose, Molly A.; Lyons, Kevin J.; Miller, Kathleen Swenson; Cornman-Levy, Diane

    2003-01-01

    A study of 22 health occupations students examined whether participation in an interdisciplinary community health empowerment project with urban homeless and formerly homeless people changed their attitudes about community health practice, attitudes toward people who are indigent and homeless, and perceived leadership skills. Posttests revealed a…

  15. High-Performance Work Systems and Proactive Behavior: The Mediating Role of Psychological Empowerment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md. Shamsul Arefin

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Drawing on social exchange theory, this study explores the relationship between high-performance work systems (HPWS and proactive work behavior. We also examined whether psychological empowerment mediated the effects of HPWS on employees’ proactive behavior. Using a sample of 247 employees employed by three large manufacturing firms in Bangladesh, results from structural equation modeling and hierarchical regression analyses showed that HPWS was positively related to proactive behavior. The results also suggested that psychological empowerment mediated the relationship between HPWS and proactive behavior. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed.

  16. Farmer Empowerment to Increase Productivity of Sago (Metroxylon sago spp Farming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marliati Ahmad

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Domestic and world demand for sago starch  continues to increase, both for the food and non-food resource. To response the opportunity, farmer empowerment need to be encouraged to increase current low productivity (less than 15 tonnes /ha/year.  Through famer empowerment, traditional  sago farming  will changed to be managed farming, which enable farmers  to implement and apply  recommended technology called Best Management Practices and fulfil other related support to uplift their sago farming productivity.

  17. Cross-national diagnostic analysis of patient empowerment in England and Greece

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graham Lister

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Different NHS patient empowerment policies have been adopted in England and Greece; the voluntary sector development and its influence also differ. Although various aspects of patient empowerment have been explored in England, the patient empowerment systems’ application is under-researched. In Greece, the few relevant attempts looking at patients’ experiences focus on patient satisfaction, with only one study exploring the public hospitals managers’ perspectives on user involvement. However, patient empowerment questions may be similar in both countries.Aims and Objectives:The study aimed to explore and compare the general patient empowerment settings in the two countries, with main objectives to:a. identify and explore the relationships of national voluntary and governmental organisations,b. explore the cross-national challenges and facilitators, and make cross-national recommendations.Methodology: This is a cross-national comparative research study. A ‘diagnostic analysis’ approach, an assessment of potential and actual barriers and facilitators, including the context and potential change, was chosen. The methods used were:a. a network analysis of national voluntary and governmental organisations;b. semi-structured interviews with key representatives of these, andc. documentary analysis.Results: The network analysis revealed the potential of English organisations to influence more people, withextensive memberships and stronger interrelationship between them than the Greek organisations. Different levels of awareness, knowledge and perceptions of application of the national patient empowerment policies, systems and mechanisms were identified; being generally good in England, limited in Greece. Variable generalinformation provision, with good verbal information in England, and limited, written and verbal, information in Greece was also identified. Although the commonest cross-national perceived challenges were

  18. Making a difference in women's lives? : case study of women's empowerment programme in Rajasthan

    OpenAIRE

    Taipale, Jenni

    2015-01-01

    The study is placed in an Indian NGO working for women’s empowerment by the means of informal education, vocational trainings and awareness-raising activities. The goal is to find out to what extent this NGO managed to reach gender justice in practice. The evaluation answers to the questions of what the understanding of gender equality and empowerment was among the people working for the NGO, what the conditions of the chosen participants were and how they influenced participation and then ho...

  19. 论行政调查权的授予%On Empowerment of Administrative Investigation Power

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤俪瑾

    2012-01-01

      When regulating the empowerment of administrative investigation power the reality of China’s rule of administrative law and categorization should be taken into consideration as basis to distinguish discretionary investigation from mandatory investigation in order to mainly solve the problems of the application of the legal reservation principle and relation between general empowerment and specific empowerment. With regard to the legal reservation principle, mandatory empowerment should be applied to strictly but discretionary investigation not. With regard to general empowerment and specific empowerment, the former should be based on both the general empowerment by organic laws of administrative bodies and the specific empowerment by administrative behavior laws, while the later can be carried out under only the cooperation of the counterpart so long as administrative bodies are generally empowered in organic laws.%  规范行政调查权的授予,应当考虑我国的行政法治现实,以类型化为基础,区别任意性调查与强制性调查,主要解决法律保留原则的适用问题和概括授权与具体授权问题。关于法律保留原则,强制性调查必须严格适用;任意性调查无须苛责。关于概括授权与具体授权,强制性调查应当以行政机关组织法的概括授权为基础,再加上行政行为法的具体授权;任意性调查只要行政机关具有组织法上的概括职权,就可以在取得相对人配合的情况下实施。

  20. Comparing health education approaches in textbooks of sixteen countries

    OpenAIRE

    Carvalho, Graça Simões; Dantas, Catarina; Rauma, Anna-Liisa; Luzi, Daniela; Ruggieri, Roberta; Bogner, Franz; Geier, Christine; Caussidier, Claude; Berger, Dominique; Clément, Pierre, 1809-1870.

    2008-01-01

    Classically, health education has provided mainly factual knowledge about diseases and their prevention. This educational approach is within the so called Biomedical Model (BM). It is based on pathologic (Pa), curative (Cu) and preventive (Pr) conceptions of health. In contrast, the Health Promotion (HP) approach of health education intends to improve health by promoting healthy habits (He) and by developing empowerment (Ep) for a healthy decision-making with regard to environmental (Ev) chal...

  1. Public health nurses' primary health care practice: strategies for fostering citizen participation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aston, Megan; Meagher-Stewart, Donna; Edwards, Nancy; Young, Linda M

    2009-01-01

    Citizen participation is heralded as a critical element of community health programs that emphasize empowerment and health promotion strategies. Although there is a growing body of research on public health nurses' primary health care practice, few studies have described how public health nurses foster citizen participation. This article presents findings from an interpretive qualitative study of public health nurses' perceptions of their role in fostering citizen participation in an eastern Canadian province at a time of significant health care restructuring. The findings from this study clearly profile public health nurses as integral to the practice of fostering citizen participation. PMID:19177270

  2. Space ecoliteracy- five informal education models for community empowerment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venkataramaiah, Jagannatha; Jagannath, Sahana; J, Spandana; J, Sadhana; Jagannath, Shobha

    Space ecoliteracy is a historical necessity and vital aspect of space age.Space Situational Awareness has taught lessons for mankind to look inward while stretching beyond cradle in human endeavours. Quality of life for every one on the only home of mankind-TERRA shall be a feasibility only after realizing Space ecoliteracy amongst all stakeholders in space quest. Objectives of Informal Environmental Education(UNESCO/UNEP/IEEP,1977) mandates awareness, attitude, knowledge, skill and participation at Individual and Community domains. Application of Space Technology at both Telecommunications and Remote Sensing domain have started making the fact that mankind has a challenge to learn and affirm earthmanship. Community empowerment focus after Earth Summit 1992 mandate of Sustainable Development has demonstrated a deluge of best practices in Agriculture,Urban, Industries and service sectors all over the globe. Further, deployment of Space technologies have proved the immense potential only after pre-empting the participatory approach at individual and community levels.Indian Space Programme with its 44th year of space service to national development has demonstrated self reliance in space technology for human development. Space technology for the most underdeveloped is a success story both in communication and information tools for quality of life. In this presentation Five Space Ecoliteracy models designed and validated since 1985 till date on informal environmental education namely 1) Ecological Environmental Studies by Students-EESS (1988): cited as one of the 20 best eco -education models by Earth Day Network,2)Community Eco Literacy Campaign-CEL,(2000): cited as a partner under Clean Up the World Campaign,UN, 3) Space Eco Literacy(2011)-an informa 8 week space eco literacy training reported at 39th COSPAR 12 assembly and 4) Space Eco Literacy by Practice(2014)- interface with formal education at institutions and 5) Space Ecoliteracy Mission as a space out reach in

  3. Linking Teacher Competences to Organizational Citizenship Behaviour: The Role of Empowerment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasekende, Francis; Munene, John C.; Otengei, Samson Omuudu; Ntayi, Joseph Mpeera

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine relationship between teacher competences and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) with empowerment as a mediating factor. Design/methodology/approach: The study took a cross-sectional descriptive and analytical design. Using cluster and random sampling procedures, data were obtained from 383…

  4. Student Empowerment in an Environmental Science Classroom: Toward a Framework for Social Justice Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimick, Alexandra Schindel

    2012-01-01

    Social justice education is undertheorized in science education. Given the wide range of goals and purposes proposed within both social justice education and social justice science education scholarship, these fields require reconciliation. In this paper, I suggest a student empowerment framework for conceptualizing teaching and learning social…

  5. Women's Empowerment in Uganda: Colonial Roots and Contemporary Efforts, 1894-2012

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meier zu Selhausen, F.P.

    2015-01-01

    This thesis offers new empirical insights on women’s empowerment in colonial and present-day in Uganda. This thesis is organised into two parts. The first part,offers a noval perspective on the long-term development of African male and female human capital formation, skills, labour market participat

  6. Astute, Assertive, and Alpha-1: Quantifying Empowerment in a Rare Genetic Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finn, Symma

    2008-01-01

    We investigated empowerment in the Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (Alpha-1) community, a rare, genetic disease network in the United States. The research was motivated by nine years of observations in the community. After observing what seemed to be a heightened amount of activism among Alpha-1 community members, I had hypothesized that this…

  7. "The Geeks Shall Inherit the Earth": Girls' Agency, Subjectivity and Empowerment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Currie, Dawn H.; Kelly, Deirdre M.; Pomerantz, Shauna

    2006-01-01

    This paper is located in a larger study of girls' empowerment within the everyday context of school cultures. While much feminist research has focused on the "perils" of feminine adolescence, we are interested in how girls successfully navigate the transition from girlhood to adult womanhood. Thus the sample for this paper includes girls who…

  8. Transformational Leadership and Knowledge Sharing: Mediating Roles of Employee's Empowerment, Commitment, and Citizenship Behaviors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Seung Hyun; Seo, Gaeun; Yoon, Seung Won; Yoon, Dong-Yeol

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to empirically examine the fundamental process through which transformational leaders play a significant role in employees' knowledge sharing by investigating mediating roles of individual affects, particularly psychological empowerment, organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB).…

  9. Factors affecting peasants’ empowerment in West Halmahera District – a case study from Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sitti Aminah

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Agricultural development has not yet created empowered farmers in Indonesia. Most farmers living in eastern Indonesia are peasants with low access to development resources. This condition causes most of the peasants to be classified as poor citizens. This research was meant to formulate improvement strategies for empowerment of the peasants. The data were collected between March – May 2012 using the following methods: observation, interview and focus group discussion. The data was analysed using descriptive statistic and structural equation modelling (SEM and showed that: (1 the empowerment of peasants was within the lowest category for all variables, namely: the peasant characteristics, the role of the agents for development, program quality, the learning process and access to environmental support, (2 the determining factors affecting the empowerment of the peasants were: program implementation quality, the role of the agents of development, environmental access and support, the peasant characteristics, and the appropriateness of the learning process and (3 the strategy to improve empowerment of the peasants could be through corrective efforts towards program implementation quality, the role of facilitators, environmental access and support while considering the peasant characteristics and the learning process of the peasants.

  10. Social Class as Moderator of the Relationship between (Dis)Empowering Processes and Psychological Empowerment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christens, Brian D.; Speer, Paul W.; Peterson, N. Andrew

    2011-01-01

    This study examined whether social class moderated the relationship between empowering and disempowering processes and psychological empowerment (PE) in a sample of individuals from five community organizing initiatives (N=490). Hierarchical regression analyses were used to test the relationship between community participation (CP) and alienation…

  11. Empowerment in a Socialist Egalitarian Agenda: Minority Women in China's Higher Education System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Zhenzhou

    2011-01-01

    Socialist egalitarianism and empowerment represent two different routes for realising equality of group differentiation. The former is pursued through top-down enactment by state apparatuses, while the latter closely relates to autonomous social movements, such as those occurring in liberal democratic societies. Using the experience of minority…

  12. The relationship between perfectionism of managers and Empowerment staff of physical education offices in Tehran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akram G H A D I R I

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study is relationship between perfectionism of managers and empowerment staff of physical education offices in Tehran. This research is a descriptive – correlation, from Perspective of Nature, Applicable. The po pulation of this research consisted of managers and administrative staff in physical education offices of Tehran are the number of 351 persons. The sample estimate of the population and with using Morgan’s table And Karjsi and 185 patients were selected us ing stratified random number, of which 50 were managers and 135 employees. Independent variables were instrumented perfectionism of managers, 59 item questionnaires of Hill and Associates (2004 and tools to measure the dependent variable of empowerment pe rsonnel was 16 - item questionnaire Aspretizr (2002 . Statistical methods was included descriptive statistics and inferential statistics (Pearson and Friedman and the results in general showed a there is significant relationship between perfectionism of man agers and capabilities of personnel. And so dimensions of perfectionism of Managers had a meaningful significant negative relationship with empowerment personnel. However, discipline and stress had the strongest associations with empowerment personnel.

  13. Youth Empowerment in Higher Education for Sustainable Development of Developing Communities in Cross River State, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekpiken, William E.; Ukpabio, Godfrey U.

    2015-01-01

    This paper was an attempt to examine youth empowerment in higher education for sustainable development of developing communities in Cross River State in Nigeria. In Cross River State developing communities, youths are in the majority and form a very strong formidable force in the society we live, study, but are not empowered while in school nor…

  14. Technology as enabler for empowerment in distributed teams - a field study on leadership attitudes.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bayerl, P.S.; Lauche, K.

    2009-01-01

    In this field study on distributed teams we examined the impact of communication media on attitudes towards empowerment and integration of remote subgroups. Using Q-methodology, interviews and questionnaires we compared attitudes of team members and managers in low and high media-rich environments.

  15. Transition: Life-Span and Life-Space Considerations for Empowerment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szymanski, Edna Mora

    1994-01-01

    This article integrates literature from counseling, rehabilitation, multicultural education, and special education to explain the importance of life-span considerations, including the preschool and early school years, and the life-space factors of family, culture, and community. Principles for transition interventions which promote empowerment are…

  16. Teaching Science for Empowerment in an Urban Classroom: A Case Study of a Hmong Teacher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Upadhyay, Bhaskar

    2009-01-01

    This is a case study of Lee, a Hmong teacher, who reflects on her own schooling experiences in order to develop a culturally sensitive pedagogy based on empowerment and funds of knowledge. The findings indicate that Lee teaches science effectively using culturally sensitive pedagogy--utilizing Hmong students' and parents' funds of knowledge in…

  17. Effects of Perceived Organizational Support and Psychological Empowerment on Creative Performance among Agricultural Personnel

    OpenAIRE

    Seyyed Mohammad Kazem Hashemi; Hossein Kazem Nadi; Seyyed Mahmood Hosseini

    2012-01-01

    Innovative organizational behaviors and empowering organizational environments can function reciprocally toward ensuring organizational performance and sustainability in long term. This study aimed at analyzing the relationships between Psychological Empowerment (PE), Perceived Organizational Support (POS), and Creative Performance (CP). Through a literature review, we examined causal relationships among these variables. The subjects of the study were agricultural personnel (n = 80) of Karaj ...

  18. Women's empowerment and micro-finance programmes: strategies for increasing impact.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayoux, L

    1998-05-01

    This study summarizes findings from a pilot project that distributed information and ran workshops in Ethiopia, Ghana, and India, on women's empowerment and microfinance. The project was funded by the British Small Enterprise Development Fund of the Department of International Development. Links between microfinance and women's empowerment are viewed as optimistic, limited by design, cost effective in eliminating poverty, and a misplaced diversion of resources. Microfinance programs range from small scale self-help groups to large poverty-targeted banks. One model may vary in delivery, group functions and structures, and complementary services. This project identified 3 contrasting approaches to microfinance and women's empowerment: the financial sustainability approach, the integrated community development approach, and the feminist empowerment approach. However, program evaluations revealed the need to question the assumptions underlying all 3 approaches. In most programs, women benefited to a limited degree. Many women did not control the loan use. Most women were engaged in low paid, traditionally female activities, and increases in income were small. Resources and time invested in economic activity were limited by responsibility for household consumption and unpaid domestic work. Microfinance programs sometimes created domestic tension between spouses and loss of spousal income and support. Group repayment pressures sometimes created pressures between women. Many women focused on personal rather than social objectives. The author proposes a gender strategy for microfinance and sets priorities for further research. PMID:12293706

  19. Effects of Vice-Principals' Psychological Empowerment on Job Satisfaction and Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schermuly, Carsten C.; Schermuly, Rene A.; Meyer, Bertolt

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to investigate the relationship between psychological empowerment, job satisfaction, and burnout among vice-principals (VPs) in primary schools. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 103 VPs at 103 different primary schools in Germany were surveyed with a questionnaire that assessed the four dimensions of psychological…

  20. An Exploratory Study of Career and Technical Education Teacher Empowerment: Implications for School Leaders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scribner, Jay Paredes; Truell, Allen D.; Hager, Douglas R.; Srichai, Sothana

    2001-01-01

    Career and technical educators (n=827) completed measures of empowerment in terms of decision making, professional growth, status, self-efficacy, autonomy, and impact. Decision making rated lowest. Significant differences appeared according to teaching area (agriculture, business, family/consumer, industrial, marketing) and educational level…

  1. Education Empowerment Model for the Disabled Learners: A Case Study at Cicendo School for Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamil, Mustofa; Shantini, Yanti; Sardin

    2015-01-01

    This paper originates from a study conducted to examine the challenges faced by the Schools for Special Education (SLB) in their effort to empower people living with disabilities. The study aimed: 1) to describe the stages involved in the education for empowerment of the disabled groups through schools for special education, 2) to present an…

  2. Exploring Links between Empowerment and Community-Based Arts and Cultural Practices: Perspectives from Barcelona Practitioners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrasco, Ruben David Fernández; Monferrer, Moisés Carmona; Tarditi, Andrés Di Masso

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we reflect on the development of community-based arts and cultural (CBAC) practices to promote psychosocial, group/organisational and community changes from the perspective of empowerment. We draw on findings from an initial exploratory phase of an ongoing action-research project in Spain about creative tools that empower artists…

  3. The control structure of team-based organizations : A diagnostic model for empowerment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuipers, Benjamin; de Witte, M.C.

    2005-01-01

    This article describes a diagnostic model for empowerment in team-based organizations that portrays four dimensions of the organization's control structure: the level of routine, the nature of expertise, the level of dependence and the line of command. The combined positions of the set of job regula

  4. The Relationship between Teacher Autonomy and Stress, Work Satisfaction, Empowerment, and Professionalism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearson, L. Carolyn; Moomaw, William

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between teacher autonomy and on-the-job stress, work satisfaction, empowerment, and professionalism. Using a reliable and valid measure of curriculum autonomy and general teaching autonomy (TAS), it was found that as curriculum autonomy increased on-the-job stress decreased, but there was…

  5. PENGEMBANGAN METODE PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT DALAM PENGENDALIAN VEKTOR DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI KOTA SEMARANG PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH (Developing Community Empowerment for Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Vector Control in Semarang City, Central Java Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiwik Trapsilowati

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF prevention required active participation from community. Thus in addition, empowerment methods need to be developed for increasing the community participation for DHF vector control. Methods: The study was conducted in Semarang. The design of this study was participatory action research (PAR. The intervension of this study was empowerment methods from PRA, PLA and COMBI modification which was difined as Community Empowerment in Dengue Vector Control (PMPV-DBD. Data was collected by structured interview and observation/larvae monitoring. Results: There was a positive significantly difference (p < 0.05 in knowledge and attitudes of community after the application of PMPV-DBD method in intervention area, although there was no significant difference in community practice before and after intervention. In control area, there was no difference (p > 0.05 in knowledge, attitude and practice in community before and after intervention. Conclusion: Indicator of entomology (larvae free index/ABJ showed an increasing trend, while House index (HI, Container index (CI and Breteau Index (BI tended to decrease. Recommendation: The PMPV-DBD method application could be adapted by health sector according to Permenkes No. 65 Tahun 2013 for sustained program and could be applicated to the larger area.

  6. Sexual Behavior Among Young Carers in the Context of a Kenyan Empowerment Program Combining Cash-Transfer, Psychosocial Support, and Entrepreneurship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodman, Michael L; Selwyn, Beatrice J; Morgan, Robert O; Lloyd, Linda E; Mwongera, Moses; Gitari, Stanley; Keiser, Philip H

    2016-01-01

    This study examined associations between sexual initiation, unprotected sex, and having multiple sex partners in the past year with participation in a three-year empowerment program targeting orphan and vulnerable children (OVC). The Kenya-based program combines community-conditioned cash transfer, psychosocial empowerment, health education, and microenterprise development. Program participants (n = 1,060) were interviewed in a cross-sectional design. Analyses used gender-stratified hierarchical logit models to assess program participation and other potential predictors. Significant predictors of increased female sexual activity included less program exposure, higher age, younger age at most recent parental death, fewer years of schooling, higher food consumption, higher psychological resilience, and lower general self-efficacy. Significant predictors of increased male sexual activity included more program exposure, higher age, better food consumption, not having a living father, and literacy. Findings support a nuanced view of current cash transfer programs, where female sexual activity may be reduced through improved financial status but male sexual activity may increase. Targeting of OVC sexual risk behaviors would likely benefit from being tailored according to associations found in this study. Data suggest involving fathers in sexual education, targeting women who lost a parent at a younger age, and providing social support for female OVC may decrease risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission. PMID:26421980

  7. Some lessons in tackling social determinants of health in resource-poor settings: health promotion with young people in Vanuatu.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Patrick; Ritchie, Jan; Tabi, Graham; Abel, Myriam; Lower, Tony

    2007-09-01

    Community based health promotion initiatives are recognised as important strategies to address the growing burden of non-communicable diseases in developing countries. However, limited knowledge exists on how such initiatives work in practice. One innovative health promotion program of work, the Pacific Action for Health Project, is working with young people and communities in the Pacific country of Vanuatu to offset the future effects of risk factors for these diseases, through optimising broad lifestyle and living conditions for the positive promotion of health. Recognising the established link between non-communicable diseases and their social determinants, the Pacific Action for Health Project works with young people to address these determinants at the community level including, but not limited to, unemployment. This paper appraises the program based on a constructivist approach to data gathering and analysis, with observations made in the field subsequently interpreted through the health promotion literature on community empowerment. From the data collected, six themes emerged as key attributes through which the program achieved its planned outcomes. Subsequent analysis through the community empowerment literature, specifically 'dynamic continuum' models of community development, provided deeper analysis of the program's strategies and offered insight into how the literature on community empowerment may work in practice in a resource poor context. In addition to the development of locally specific empowerment measures as indicators for future program evaluation, further ethnographic work and participatory-action research approaches are encouraged to assist the future development of the program. PMID:19588611

  8. Health Seeking Behavior and Family Planning Services Accessibility in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Niniek Lely Pratiwi; Hari Basuki

    2014-01-01

    Background: The MDG target to increase maternal health will be achieved when 50% of maternal deaths can be prevented through improvment the coverage of K1, K4, to make sure that midwife stay in the village improve the delivery by health workers in health facilities, increase coverage long-term contraceptive methods participant as well as family and community empowerment in health. Methods: This study is a further analysis of Riskesdas in 2010 to assess how big the accessibility of services in...

  9. Nurses Contribution to Swedish eHealth Strategy

    OpenAIRE

    Törnvall, Eva

    2012-01-01

    In 2005 the Swedish government identified the need of common development of information and communication technology in health and social care. The purpose of this paper is to describe nurses’ contribution to the establishment of a national cooperation concerning eHealth development in health and social care. The Swedish strategy of eHealth have six actions areas eServices for accessibility and empowerment, Usable and accessible information (for staff), Knowledge management, innovation and le...

  10. Relationship of nurse structural empowerment, psychological empowerment and job burnout%护士结构性授权、心理授权和工作倦怠的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟丽娜; 刘彦慧; Shake Ketefian

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨护士结构性授权和心理授权对工作倦怠的作用机制,为缓解临床护士工作倦怠的程度提供新思路.方法 采用结构性授权、心理授权和工作倦怠量表调查天津市3所三级甲等综合医院233名护士.结果 护士结构性授权,心理授权和工作倦怠的总体得分分别为(43.498±9.977)分,(38.871 ±7.052)分,和(45.489±11.331)分.相关分析表明护士的结构性授权、心理授权和护士工作倦怠之间呈显著相关关系,三变量间相关系数的绝对值在0.358~0.560之间;结构方程模型显示完全中介效 应模型的拟合优度指数较佳(x2=57.703,x2/df=1.202,GFI =0.965,AGFI=0.933,NFI=0.948,RFI=0.916,IFI =0.991,TLI =0.985,CFI =0.991,RMSEA=0.030,CN=263).结构性授权对心理授权有显著的正向影响;结构性授权和心理授权对护士工作倦怠有显著的负向影响;心理授权在结构性授权和护士工作倦怠之间具有完全中介作用.结论 护士心理授权对工作倦怠有直接影响,护士结构性授权完全通过心理授权对工作倦怠产生影响.%Objective To explore the relationship among structural empowerment,psychological empowerment and nurses' job burnout,and to provide new approach for relieving nurses' job burnout.Methods Conditions for Work Effectiveness Questionnaire-Ⅱ (CWEQ-Ⅱ),Psychological Empowerment Scale (PES),and Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) were used to investigate 233 nurses working at three general tertiary-level hospitals in Tianjin.Results The total scores of structural empowerment,psychological empowerment,and burnout were (43.498 ±9.977),(38.871 ±7.052) and (45.489 ± 11.331),respectively.Relevant Analysis results showed that structural empowerment,psychological empowerment and nurses' job burnout had significant correlation,and the absolute value of coefficient of correlation between 0.358-0.560.The structural equation modeling results showed that fit indexes for fully mediating effect

  11. Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts, Shapefile of City of Granbury Historic Neighborhood Interprise/Empowerment Zone, Published in 2007, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, City of Granbury.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2007....

  12. Klantgestuurd voorraadbeleid en empowerment. Over Te Woon en andere initiatieven van woningcorporaties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sake Zijlstra

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Central to this dissertation are client driven housing management from housing associations in The Netherlands and the empowerment effects this management has on its tenants. The central issue includes what client driven housing management is (definition, in which ways this can be devised, what the envisioned effects are and which effects this management successfully accomplishes. These are answered by means of seven sub questions. The focal point of this research shifts from an exploration of all the initiatives that can be found in client driven housing management, to the empowerment effect for its tenants of ‘Te Woon’ as one of these initiatives. In this summary the answers to the seven sub questions are briefly given.What is client driven housing management (1 is answered by means of a literature study. In this dissertation client driven housing management is defined as “the management which actively involves the tenants in policy formulation and policy implementation concerning the housing quality, price and/or property rights of dwellings”. This definition includes initiatives ranging from kitchen improvement programmes offering a choice of designs, to programme formulation to improve neighbourhood quality. ‘Te Woon’ (also known as ‘the clients’ choice programme’ is included in this definition since it gives the tenants the opportunity to own a home and have control over the home. This has effect on the composition and quality of the (social housing stock.Contrary to normal sales programmes, Te Woon offers the tenants to purchase a dwelling with a discount and offers them a shared risk (by splitting profit or loss at the moment of re-sale between housing association and owner.Moreover, the housing association is obliged to re-buy the home at the moment the tenant offers it. In this way the dwelling always re-enters the housing associations’ portfolio and doesn’t get lost from the social housing stock.How can client

  13. A Study on the Relationships among Empowerment Climate, Psychological Empowerment and Personal Initiative of Knowledge Employees%授权氛围、心理授权与知识员工主动性的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张华; 孙春玲; 安珣; 宋红

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship among empowerment atmosphere, psychological empowerment and the personal initiative of knowledge workers, and provides a new perspective for the management of knowledge workers. Structural equation is used to analyze the data collected from employees of companies. The results show that empower-ment atmosphere and psychological empowerment have a positive prediction effect on the personal initiative of knowledge workers, meanwhile empowerment atmosphere also has a positive prediction effect on psychological empowerment of knowledge workers, and psychological empowerment is the intermediate variable, and the intermediate effect is realized through the two facets of psychological empowerment:competency and work meaning.%本文探索了授权氛围、心理授权与知识员工个人主动性的关系,为知识员工的管理提供了新的视角。通过对28家企业308名知识员工进行调查,采用结构方程对数据进行分析,研究结果表明,授权氛围和心理授权对知识员工主动性的三个维度:自发性、克服困难和前瞻性均有正向预测作用,同时授权氛围对知识员工的心理授权有正向预测,并且心理授权是授权氛围与个人主动性之间关系的中介变量,这一中介效用主要是通过胜任力和工作意义两个维度来实现的。

  14. Service providers' views of community participation at six Australian primary healthcare services: scope for empowerment and challenges to implementation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freeman, Toby; Baum, Frances E; Jolley, Gwyneth M; Lawless, Angela; Edwards, Tahnia; Javanparast, Sara; Ziersch, Anna

    2016-01-01

    Community participation is a key principle of comprehensive primary health care (PHC). There is little literature on how community participation is implemented at Australian PHC services. As part of a wider study conducted in partnership with five South Australian PHC services, and one Aboriginal community controlled health service in the Northern Territory, 68 staff, manager, regional health executives, and departmental funders were interviewed about community participation, perceived benefits, and factors that influenced implementation. Additional data were collected through analysis of policy documents, service reports on activity, and a web-based survey completed by 130 staff. A variety of community participation strategies was reported, ranging from consultation and participation as a means to improve service quality and acceptability, to substantive and structural participation strategies with an emphasis on empowerment. The Aboriginal community controlled health service in our study reported the most comprehensive community participation. Respondents from all services were positive about the benefits of participation but reported that efforts to involve service users had to compete with a centrally directed model of care emphasising individual treatment services, particularly at state-managed services. More empowering substantive and structural participation strategies were less common than consultation or participation used to achieve prescribed goals. The most commonly reported barriers to community participation were budget and lack of flexibility in service delivery. The current central control of the state-managed services needs to be replaced with more local management decision making if empowering community participation is to be strengthened and embedded more effectively in the culture of services. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:24789355

  15. Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts, Published in 2002, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, City of Rome.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2002. Data...

  16. Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts, Published in 2010, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Columbus Consolidated Government.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of...

  17. Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts, Published in 2006, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, Jefferson County, Illinois.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information...

  18. Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts, Enterprize Zones, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Uintah County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It...

  19. Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts, Published in 2010, 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, White County Government.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts dataset, published at 1:4800 (1in=400ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information...

  20. INDIVIDUAL EMPOWERMENT EXPERIENCES OF TRAFFICKED RETURNEES : Post Integration Lives of Sex Trafficked Returnees in Mid-Western Nepal

    OpenAIRE

    Limbu, Lekh Nath; Shahi, Hari Jung

    2014-01-01

    Lekh Nath Limbu and Hari Jung Shahi. Individual Empowerment Experiences of Trafficked Returnees: Post Integration Lives of Sex Trafficked Returnees in Mid-Western Nepal. Diak South, Helsinki, Finland. Autumn 2014. 71 Pages. 1 Appendix. Language: English. Diaconia University of Applied Sciences. Degree programme in Social Services and Community Development. Degree: Bachelor of Social Services. This study discusses the empowerment experiences of sex trafficked returnees. By doing so, th...

  1. Critical Consciousness and Sexual Pleasure: Evidence for a Sexual Empowerment Process for Heterosexual and Sexual Minority Women

    OpenAIRE

    Grose, Rose Grace

    2016-01-01

    It has long been argued that gender-based inequalities within patriarchy create barriers to women’s sexual well-being, in particular to sexual pleasure. This study integrated Empowerment Theory with research on women’s sexuality to examine multiple factors related to women’s sexual pleasure and satisfaction. An empowerment process is one social psychological mechanism through which less powerful individuals gain influence and power that results in increased opportunities to control decisions ...

  2. Evidencias de Validez de la Adaptación Española de la Organizational Empowerment Scale

    OpenAIRE

    M.ª Isabel Mendoza Sierra; José Carlos León Jariego; Alejandro Orgambídez Ramos; Yolanda Borrego Alés

    2009-01-01

    El objetivo del estudio es presentar evidencias de validez de la adaptación al castellano de la Escala de Empowerment Organizacional (OES) de Matthews, Diaz y Cole (2003). La muestra empleada estuvo compuesta por 305 empleados de establecimientos hoteleros. Se investigó la fiabilidad de la escala y su estructura factorial (análisis factorial confirmatorio), y las relaciones del empowerment con satisfacción laboral y burnout. Los resultados revelaron una estructura multidimensional de tres fac...

  3. An empowerment programme to regain positive work engagement for social workers in the North West Province / T.M. Calitz

    OpenAIRE

    Calitz, Taetske Monique

    2013-01-01

    The objective of this study is to reclaim positive work engagement for social workers in North-West province through an empowerment programme addressing the issues contributing to low job satisfaction, burnout, and job turnover of social workers. Keywords: Social work, social workers, group work, programme, empowerment, engagement, job satisfaction, stress and burnout. A serious shortage of social workers is experienced in South Africa. One of the reasons provided is the ...

  4. To be or not to be - terapeutens paradoks når målet er empowerment.

    OpenAIRE

    Rødland, Hilde Maria

    2008-01-01

    To be or not to be - the therapist's paradox when the aim of therapy is empowerment The basis for this research project was my own personal curiosity regarding which role I should assume in a music group consisting of autonomous and independent participants. Autonomy and independence are important elements in empowerment philosophy, which focuses highly on resources. The relationship between therapist and client is based on mutual collaboration, wherein the client is actively invol...

  5. THE IMPACT OF ETHICAL LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOR ON TRUSTIN MANAGER AND PSYCHOLOGICAL EMPOWERMENT: THE MEDIATING ROLE OF INTERACTIONAL JUSTICE

    OpenAIRE

    Cuneyt Arslantas; Meral Dursun

    2008-01-01

    his study was examined the impact of ethical leadership on trust in manager and psychological empowerment. The meadiating effect of interactional justice of that relationship was also investigated. Initially, ethical leadership behavior, trust in manager, psychological empowerment and interactional justice were defined. Consequently, correlation and regression analyses were performed according to the methodology. Analyses provide support for the direct effect of ethical leadership behavior on...

  6. The Impact of Structural Empowerment on Organizational Citizenship Behavior-Organization and Job Performance: A Mediating Role of Burnout

    OpenAIRE

    Hina Jaffery; Hassan Farooq

    2015-01-01

    The banking sector employees are usually exposed to potential job burnout which impacts their employee performance. This study examined the impact of structural empowerment on organizational citizenship behavior-organization (henceforth, OCBO) and job performance and further examined the mediating effect of job burnout in the relationships of structural empowerment, OCBO and job performance. In this study, data from 282 employees was taken from four banks: both public and private sectors. Two...

  7. State of Play of Digital Games for Empowerment and Inclusion: A Review of the Literature and Empirical Cases

    OpenAIRE

    BLEUMERS Lizzy; All, Anissa; MARIËN Ilse; SHURMANS Dana; Van Looy, Jan; Jacobs, An; WILLAERT Koen; De Grove, Frederik

    2012-01-01

    This report presents the 'state of play' of knowledge of how digital games can work as empowerment tools to support social inclusion processes and policy. The report brings together for the first time a review of theoretical and empirical research in a variety of disciplines, especially from learning, social inclusion, e-inclusion and innovation studies to build a framework to help understanding of the potential of games for inclusion and empowerment. It uses this framework to analyse seven w...

  8. Group Medical Visits Using an Empowerment-based Model as Treatment for Women With Chronic Pain in an Underserved Community

    OpenAIRE

    Geller, Jeffrey S.; Kulla, Jill; Shoemaker, Alena

    2015-01-01

    Background: Over the past decade, group medical visits have become more prevalent. Group medical visits may have some advantages in treating chronic illnesses such as chronic pain as they can be more patient centered. The empowerment model is a novel approach used to provide support, education, and healthy activities guided by participants. Objective: To evaluate the early stages of a chronic pain group medical visit program based on the empowerment model. Methods: This prospective cohort stu...

  9. Microfinance Impact on Socio-Economic Empowerment: A special Reference to Andhra Pradesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V Vachya L

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The present study seeks to examine the role of microfinance and its impact on economic and social empowerment of women. There are great debates going on whether forming groups, membership for women, providing credit and imparting some business skills would change the social equations in the society or whether provision of credit may lead to pervasively entrenched political and economic relations among the genders. The proponents argue that providing credit, targeting women can prove to be a suitable mechanism in ameliorating poor women’s socio-economic conditions and thereby can alter the relations between gender and class. Undoubtedly, there have been significant advances in women empowerment in recent years and the concept and practice of SHG-based microfinance has now developed deep roots in many parts of the country. Impact assessment being rather limited so far, it is hard to measure and quantify the effect the Indian microfinance experience so far had on the poverty situation in rural India. The present study seeks to examine the process of women empowerment and changes in the economic status of SHG members in particular and rural women in general. For this study, multi-stage stratified proportionate random sampling technique was adopted for selecting the representative districts, mandals/talukas, villages and households. The primary data was collected from six villages in the three regions (Coastal Andhra, Rayalaseema and Telangana of Andhra Pradesh. Tabular and statistical analyses were applied for examining the data. Empirically acclaimed logistic regression model has been employed for analyzing significant impact of plausible socio-economic factors on women empowerment. The study found that the socio-economic indicators have changed. It also emerged that there has been an increase in women participation in the household decision making process. The study has suggested that the government should prepare suitable plans and programmes

  10. Empowerment in practice - insights from CITI-SENSE project in Ljubljana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Johanna; Kocman, David; Smolnikar, Miha; Mohorčič, Miha; Horvat, Milena

    2014-05-01

    We present specifics of the citizen empowerment and crowd sourced citizen science conducted in Ljubljana, Slovenia, as one of the case study cities within the ongoing EU-project CITI-SENSE. CITI-SENSE addresses urban air quality and rests on three pillars: technological platforms for distributed monitoring; novel information and communication technologies; and citizen participation. In the project, empowerment initiatives are conducted, enabling citizens to participate in various aspects of urban air quality, both outdoor and indoor at schools affecting everyday life of societal groups. Each participating country runs its own citizen empowerment campaign adapting to local circumstances. In addition to Ljubljana, local campaigns have been initiated in Barcelona, Belgrade, Edinburgh, Haifa, Ljubljana, Oslo, Ostrava, Vienna and in Vitoria. Poor air quality has been recognized as an important factor affecting the quality of life, especially in urban environments. In Ljubljana specifically, the main air pollution sources are traffic-related emissions, individual house heating devices including increased use of coal and biomass in recent years, and to a limit extent industrial point sources and waste disposal sites. Air quality can be occasionally very poor due to specific climatic conditions owing partially to its location in a basin and on the marshes, resulting in a very complex circulation of air masses, temperature inversions and formation of urban heat island. By recognizing this, we established the main stakeholders in the city who are responsible for monitoring the quality of air in Ljubljana. Based on full stakeholder analysis we consider co-operation with local governmental- and non-governmental institutions with already established means of communications with citizens, as a tool for empowerment. Since we spend over 90% of our time indoors, the indoor air quality is of great importance. It is why the CITI-SENSE project empowerment initiatives also cover this

  11. Strengthening Community Food Security through Posyandu Cadre and Midwife Empowerment Action Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tejasari Tejasari

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Community food security means fulfilment of energy and nutrients of every community member from daily food consumption intake. Non-fulfilment of these requirements led to the incidence of malnutrition in the community, which marked by the emergence of nutritional problems among the nutrition vulnerable groups, such as low body weight of under five  years olds children, malnourished including stunting children. Food and nutritional insights of  the community program actors, such as posyandu and nutrition cadres, and midwives plays an important role in efforts to prevent and repair the problem of malnutrition in young children, especially from the lower to middle income groups. Therefore, empowerment posyandu cadres, nutrition cadres, and midwives  through briefing mastery of knowledge (cognitive competence food, nutrition, and nutritional status, is the critical point of community food security. The purpose of this descriptive pre-post design  study is evaluate the effect of  the short nutrition class program on the increase of food, nutrition, and health knowledge of posyandu cadres,  nutrition cadres, and  midwives who play an important roles in handling  the vulnerable malnourished families with  infant and under fives children whose body weight below the red line standard (BGM or stunting.  The cadre and midwives subject was selected from the high stunting problem villages in the Sumbersari district in Jember. By 75 percent of active posyandu cadre  and  all midwife  in  the  high prevalence malnourished regencies were selected   as subject.  After  following the action program  of nutrition class  about nutritious food for the family, most of participants (80 % increased their food nutritional insights. Similarly, after participated in pregnancy nutrition class program,  the insight knowledge of the majority (95% of the midwives on pregnancy nutrition increased, proper and correct. After attending the balanced nutrition

  12. Self-stigma among caregivers of people with mental illness: toward caregivers’ empowerment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Girma E

    2014-01-01

    perceived psychosocial and biological explanations of mental illness (r=0.12, P<0.01. The only independent predictor of caregivers' self-stigma was perceived supernatural explanation of mental illness (standardized β=0.22, P<0.001. Conclusion: The tendency of caregivers to avoid being identified with the patients was observed. Low exposure to mental health information was also reported. Caregivers' self-stigma in this study was significantly correlated with perceived supernatural explanation of mental illness. Since caregivers' self-stigma may negatively influence patients' treatment-seeking, adherence, and rehabilitation processes, programs that enhance coping strategies by strengthening self-esteem and empowerment by health care providers and establish family support groups may be helpful to tackle self-stigma among caregivers of people with mental illness. Keywords: self-stigma, internalized stigma, caregivers, mental illness

  13. The role of women's empowerment and domestic violence in child growth and undernutrition in a tribal and rural community in South India

    OpenAIRE

    Sethuraman, Kavita

    2008-01-01

    Moderate undernutrition continues to affect 46 per cent of children under 5 years of age and 47 per cent of rural women in India. Women’s lack of empowerment is believed to be an important factor in the persistent prevalence of undernutrition. In India, women’s empowerment often varies by community, with tribes sometimes being the most progressive. This paper explores the relationship between women’s empowerment, domestic violence, maternal nutritional status, and the nutritional status and g...

  14. The Challenges of Youth Empowerment through Access to Credit in the Rural Areas of Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haruna Mohammed Aliero

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Unemployment and poverty are endemic among Nigerian youth in spite of numerousapproaches to curtail the menace Access to credit is critical to enable the poor totransform their production systems and thus exit poverty. It is a well known fact that anefficient financial sector that responds to the needs of the private sector increasesinvestment, enhances economic growth, and creates job opportunities which is one of themajor challenges for developing economies. This paper examines the role of creditdeepening on youth empowerment and poverty reduction in Nigeria. The approach of thepaper is qualitative and uses content analysis; literature was reviewed and thereafterconclusion was drawn based on the literature weight. It is however important to note thateconomic empowerment through accessibility to credit could be achieved if and only iffactors like collateral, interest rate, transaction cost and financial literacy, among othersthat pose challenges in accessing credit are remedied Specifically we recommend Indianmodel (Bharatia Yuva Shakti.

  15. Studying empowerment in a socially and ethnically diverse social work community in Copenhagen, Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mørck, Line Lerche

    2011-01-01

      Abstract This article analyzes empowerment in Copenhagen's "wild" social work community. Social practice theory of boundary communities is presented and used to analyze empowerment as dialectic between individual and collective movement. This includes analysis of the boundary positions of the...... social street workers, their dilemmas, everyday learning and possibilities for expansive learning. A boundary community, such as the "wild" social work community, is constituted by an overlap of communities of social street workers, established professionals with formal educations, and local street...... communities of young men. The social street work is analyzed at the time of the street riots and fires that took place in Copenhagen, in February 2008. It is analyzed how social street workers, facilitated meetings of the opposing factions, parties who usually do not enter into dialogue. It is discussed how...

  16. Collective Value Creation and Empowerment in an Online Brand Community: A Netnographic Study on LEGO Builders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pekka Tuominen

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Online communities are becoming “places” of belonging, information, and emotional support that people cannot do without. These social groups have a real existence for their participants, and thus have consequential effects on many aspects of behaviour. This article examines collective value creation and empowerment in an online brand community. It presents the main features of an online brand community, the process of value co-creation, and motivators for participating in online brand communities. These key factors jointly characterize collective value creation and empowerment. This netnographic study focuses on an online brand community called BrickBuilders, which is a meeting place for LEGO builders in Finland. BrickBuilders’ members feel a sense of belonging, they share similar motivations, and they create value together.

  17. Health Information-Seeking Behavior of Seniors Who Use the Internet : A Survey

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Medlock, Stephanie; Eslami, Saeid; Askari, Marjan; Arts, Derk L.; Sent, Danielle; de Rooij, Sophia E.; Abu-Hanna, Ameen

    2015-01-01

    Background: The Internet is viewed as an important source for health information and a medium for patient empowerment. However, little is known about how seniors use the Internet in relation to other sources for health information. Objective: The aim was to determine which information resources seni

  18. The consequences of seniors seeking health information using the internet and other sources

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Medlock, Stephanie; Eslami, Saeid; Askari, Marjan; Sent, Danielle; de Rooij, Sophia E; Abu-Hanna, Ameen

    2013-01-01

    The internet is viewed as an important channel for patient empowerment, enabling patients to feel more knowledgeable and take action to improve their own health. Internet use among seniors in the Netherlands is increasing, but it is not known if they also use it for health information, nor if seekin

  19. Best Practices for Mental Health in Child Welfare: Screening, Assessment, and Treatment Guidelines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romanelli, Lisa Hunter; Landsverk, John; Levitt, Jessica Mass; Leslie, Laurel K.; Hurley, Maia M.; Bellonci, Christopher; Gries, Leonard T.; Pecora, Peter J.; Jensen, Peter S.

    2009-01-01

    The Best Practices for Mental Health in Child Welfare Consensus Conference focused on developing guidelines in five key areas (screening and assessment, psychosocial interventions, psychopharmacologic treatment, parent engagement, and youth empowerment) related to children's mental health. This paper provides an overview of issues related to the…

  20. Validation of Perceptions of Empowerment in Midwifery Scale (PEMS) in the Portuguese population

    OpenAIRE

    João José de Sousa Franco; Helena da Conceição Borges Pereira Catarino; Carolina Miguel Graça Henriques

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Since when midwives are prominent in different socio-cultural contexts of individuals and populations associated with the control of women during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum? In Portugal, the level of training of nurses in breastfeeding and obstetric has evolved, is considered the most advanced in the European context, and this would have posed new challenges for these professionals. Methodology: focusing on what the perception of empowerment that have specialized nurse...

  1. The Relationship Between Transformational Leadership, Empowerment and Organizational Commitment: a Mediating Model Testing

    OpenAIRE

    ISMAIL Azman; Yusuf, Munirah Hanim

    2009-01-01

    The human resource development literature highlights that properly implemented transformational leadership style may have a significant impact on the organizational commitment. More importantly, a thorough review of such relationships reveals that the effect of transformational leadership on organizational commitment is indirectly affected by empowerment. The nature of this relationship is given less attention in the organizational leadership models; therefore, this study was conducted to exa...

  2. Towards learners’ empowerment and plurilingualism in FFL didactics at university? The Latvian case

    OpenAIRE

    Durandin, Jonathan

    2012-01-01

    In fifty years, language didactics has evolved towards learner-speaker autonomy and multilingualism. Facing this evolution encouraged by the European institutions, how do the European teachers of FFL at university consider their role of citizens and future FFL teacher trainers? What does the implementation of didactics favouring learners’ empowerment and multilingualism depend on? Considering the situation in Latvia, it is torn between the Soviet past, European institutional directives and et...

  3. The Relationship between Organizational Learning and Staff Empowerment in Hospital: A Correlational Study in Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Jamil Sadeghifar; Frouzan Ashrafnejad; Seyed Masood Mousavi; Ali Beigi Nasiri; Ghasem Rajabi Vasokolaei; Keyvan Nasrollah Zadeh; Heshmatolah Asadi; Mohammad Saeid Abdinasab; Saman Ghasempour; Mansour Hajiesmaeili; Mostafa Beigi Nasiri; Meisam Mosavi

    2014-01-01

    One of the newest and most effective strategies to empower staff is building the infrastructure and platform for strengthening organizational learning. This study has conducted about the relationship between organizational learning and staff empowerment. This correlational study was conducted among the staff of a Children's Hospital affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran in 2012. Numbers of 145 staff in this hospital has selected and enrolled by simple random sampling. The ...

  4. Entrepreneurial training for girls empowerment in Lesotho: A process evaluation of a model programme

    OpenAIRE

    Berry, Mary O'Neill; Kuriansky, Judy; Lytle, Megan; Vistman, Bozhena; Mosisili, ‘Mathato S.; Hlothoane, Lieketso; Matlanyane, Mapeo; Mokobori, Thabang; Mosuhli, Silas; Pebane, Jane

    2013-01-01

    A Girls Empowerment Programme held in 2010 in Lesotho, Sub-Saharan Africa, focused on HIV/AIDS risk reduction and prevention, life skills and entrepreneurial training (income-generating activities). Entrepreneurial training was a crucial part of equipping the camp attendees with basic skills to help them develop sustainable livelihoods. Such skills and financial independence are essential to enable rural girls to complete their secondary schooling (in a fee-based educational...

  5. Empowerment Of Farmer Group In Improving Chilli Farming Income In Kerinci District, Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Indra Karim; Hani Sri Handayawati; Wiwiek Ruminarti

    2013-01-01

    Purpose of the agricultural development is to raise the quality of human resources and the livelihood of farmers and their families. The role of farmer groups are very important in supporting the agricultural intensification program, but their ability to adopt new technologies are still very limited. Base on these facts then problems of this research is role of the chilli farmers group empowerment in improving the farming revenues.The research was carried out in the Air Hangat Timur Subdistri...

  6. Empowerment of disability benefit claimants through an interactive website: design of a randomized controlled trial

    OpenAIRE

    Bruinvels David J; Samoocha David; Anema Johannes R; Steenbeek Romy; van der Beek Allard J

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background Individuals claiming a disability benefit after long-term sickness absence, have to undergo medical disability assessments. These assessments, often carried out by specialized physicians, can be complicated by wrong expectations or defensive attitudes of disability benefit claimants. It is hypothesized that empowerment of these claimants will enhance the physician-patient relationship by shifting claimants from a passive role to a more active and constructive role during d...

  7. A Theoretical Approach to Financial Therapy: The Development of the Ford Financial Empowerment Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristy L. Archuleta

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to introduce an integrative approach to working with clients experiencing problems related to financial disempowerment. The multi-phase model integrates three theoretically-driven psychotherapy approaches, including cognitive behavioral, narrative, and Virginia Satir’s experiential therapies, and financial counseling techniques to increase one’s sense of financial empowerment. A case study is included to demonstrate the applicability and effectiveness of the model.

  8. Empowerment and Microfinance: A socioeconomic study of female garment workers in Dhaka City

    OpenAIRE

    Rahman, M A; Khatun, M.; Tasnim, Z.; Islam, N

    2013-01-01

    This paper is an endeavor to depict the reasons for migration and involving with garments industry, adequacy, sources and utilization of credit, and empowerment of the female garments workers in a selected area of Dhaka City. Primary data were collected from 60 respondents in two categories such as: 30 helpers and 30 operators, randomly. Descriptive statistics such as percentage and arithmetic mean were applied to analyze the data and to describe socioeconomic characteristics of the responden...

  9. High-Performance Work Systems and Proactive Behavior: The Mediating Role of Psychological Empowerment

    OpenAIRE

    Md. Shamsul Arefin; Ishtiaque Arif; Muhammad Raquib

    2015-01-01

    Drawing on social exchange theory, this study explores the relationship between high-performance work systems (HPWS) and proactive work behavior. We also examined whether psychological empowerment mediated the effects of HPWS on employees’ proactive behavior. Using a sample of 247 employees employed by three large manufacturing firms in Bangladesh, results from structural equation modeling and hierarchical regression analyses showed that HPWS was positively related to proactive behavior. The ...

  10. Women’s empowerment through openness: OER, OEP and the Sustainable Development Goals

    OpenAIRE

    Leigh-Anne Perryman; Beatriz de los Arcos

    2016-01-01

    This paper explores the potential of open educational resources (OER) and open educational practices (OEP) in helping achieve women’s empowerment in the developing world. Our evidence comprises the Open Education Research Hub open dataset, featuring survey responses from 7,700 educators, formal and informal learners from 175 countries concerning the use of OER, the barriers faced in respect of OER adoption and OEP engagement, and the perceived impact of OER on teaching practices....

  11. Nurse managers' perceptions and experiences regarding staff nurse empowerment: a qualitative study

    OpenAIRE

    Van Bogaert, Peter; Peremans, Lieve; de Wit, Marlinde; van Heusden, Danny; Franck, Erik; Timmermans, Olaf; Havens, Donna S.

    2015-01-01

    Aim: To study nurse managers' perceptions and experiences of staff nurse structural empowerment and its impact on the nurse manager leadership role and style. Background: Nurse managers' leadership roles may be viewed as challenging given the complex needs of patients and staff nurses' involvement in both clinical and organizational decision-making processes in interdisciplinary care settings. Design: Qualitative phenomenological study. Methods: Individual semi-structured interviews ...

  12. Experiences and perceptions of mining CSR representatives in Thabazimbi municipality: dependency and empowerment / Lesego Rammusi.

    OpenAIRE

    Rammusi, Charlotte Lesego

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the research was to understand the experiences and challenges of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in Thabazimbi and the implications and consequences for communities in terms of dependency and empowerment, as seen from the perspective of the mining representatives. As corporate citizens, mining companies generate profits through the exploitation of mineral resources. There is an expectation that some of the benefits of this mining endeavours should be passed on to communiti...

  13. THE ROLE OF PSYCHOLOGICAL EMPOWERMENT ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PERSONALITY AND JOB SATISFACTION

    OpenAIRE

    Aydogmus, Ceren; Ergeneli, Azize; CAmgoz, Selin Metin

    2015-01-01

    This study proposes a model for the impact of the employees’ psychological empowerment on the relationship between their personality characteristics and job satisfaction. The model was tested on a sample of 221 participants working in education and IT sectors.  For the indicators of participants’ personality, Big Five Model, involving extraversion, conscientiousness, agreeableness, openness to experience and neuroticsm traits, has been applied in the study. Findings reveal that psychological ...

  14. Entrepreneurship and Microfinance-A tool for empowerment of poor-Case of Akhuwat, Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Mustafa, Zahid; Ismailov, Nodirbek

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: Our main purpose is to carry out a research on combining microfinance with entrepreneurship for poverty alleviation, empowerment of poor and sustainable development. Target group: Students, researchers in Microfinance field, MFI’s, NGO’s and Governmental structures. Research Question: How do micro entrepreneurship, social entrepreneurship and microfinance serve as a combined tool to reduce poverty, empower people, and contribute to sustainable development in Pakistan? Approach: We us...

  15. The Role of Business in the Empowerment of Women in Developing Countries

    OpenAIRE

    Murteira, Susana

    2011-01-01

    The topic of this management project is the role of business in the empowerment of women in developing countries. Through the scoping of business initiatives to empower women in developing countries among UK and USA companies signatories of the UN Global Compact, the aim was to answer the question on what business initiatives are under way to empower women in developing countries among these companies. Moreover, through interviews with a few of these companies, the aim was to extract some les...

  16. Community mobilization, empowerment and HIV prevention among female sex workers in south India

    OpenAIRE

    Blanchard, A. K.; Mohan, H. L.; Shahmanesh, M; Prakash, R.; Isac, S.; Ramesh, B M; Bhattacharjee, P.; Gurnani, V; Moses, S; Blanchard, J. F.

    2013-01-01

    Background While community mobilization has been widely endorsed as an important component of HIV prevention among vulnerable populations such as female sex workers (FSWs), there is uncertainty as to the mechanism through which it impacts upon HIV risk. We explored the hypothesis that individual and collective empowerment of FSW is an outcome of community mobilization, and we examined the means through which HIV risk and vulnerability reduction as well as personal and social transformation ar...

  17. Front-Line Employees’ Recognition And Empowerment Effect On Retail Bank Customers’ Perceived Value

    OpenAIRE

    Vida Škudienė; Dallas D. Everhart; Karolina Šlepikaitė; James Reardon

    2013-01-01

    Understanding how front-line bank employee recognition and empowerment impacts customer value is an important issue for the banking industry. Retail banking customers perceive little difference in services as competition has created more choices. When banks develop new products, they are easily duplicated by the competition. Banks can gain a competitive advantage by understanding the interrelationships that impact customer’s perceived value. The major providers of customer perceived value in ...

  18. Leadership empowering behaviour, psychological empowerment, organisational citizenship behaviours and turnover intention in a manufacturing division

    OpenAIRE

    Janie Bester; Marius W. Stander; Llewellyn E. Van Zyl

    2015-01-01

    Orientation: Employees’ perceptions of their leaders’ behaviour play a role in creating empowering environments where employees are willing to do more than what is expected, with retention of employees as a result.Research purpose: The aim of this study was to theoretically conceptualise and empirically determine the relationships between employees’ perception of their leaders’ empowering behaviour, psychological empowerment, organisational citizenship behaviours and intention to leave within...

  19. Black Economic Empowerment Disclosures by South African Listed Corporations: The Influence of Ownership and Board Characteristics

    OpenAIRE

    Ntim, Collins G.; Soobaroyen, Teerooven

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates the extent to which South African listed corporations voluntarily disclose information on black economic empowerment (BEE) in their annual and sustainability reports using a sample of 75 listed corporations from 2003 to 2009. BEE is a form of socio-economic affirmative action championed by the African National Congress (ANC)-led government to address historical imbalances in business participation and ownership in South Africa. We find that block ownership and institut...

  20. The Effect of Empowerment Program on Mother-Infant Interaction and Weight Gain in Preterm Infants

    OpenAIRE

    Leili Borimnejad; Nasrin Mehrnush; Naeime Seyed-Fatemi; Hamid Haghani

    2012-01-01

    Background: The hospitalization of premature newborns in neonatal intensive care unit causes the family to experience a sense of loss and to disturb the emotional connection of the mother with the newborn. The present study aimed to determine the effect of empowerment programs on mother-infant interaction and the weight gain of premature infants hospitalized in neonatal intensive care unit. Materials and Methods: In this clinical trial, after obtaining written consent, a total of 140 mothers ...

  1. Persistence of Latino students in community colleges : an empowerment model addressing acculturative stress

    OpenAIRE

    Wilson, Judy C.

    2012-01-01

    College student persistence has been a concern of researchers and practitioners since the early 1960s. Traditional models have addressed the need for students to be integrated into the academic and social domains of the college campus. Recently, critical theorists and researchers have been questioning the relevance of the traditional models for students of color. The development of student empowerment through the establishment of student-initiated retention projects and the support of institu...

  2. Women as social entrepreneurs in the hospitality and tourism industry: Does empowerment play a role?

    OpenAIRE

    Kimbu, Albert N.; Ngoasong, Michael

    2015-01-01

    This paper which is a work in progress presents a qualitative study exploring the nature, motivations and extent to which female entrepreneurs use their H&T businesses as platforms for engagement in various forms of social entrepreneurship (SE) leading to value creation, economic and community development. Although SE is seen as a key contributor to the creation and diversification of entrepreneurial activity, women empowerment and local economic development, there...

  3. Volunteer based media activities as a tool of empowerment at Youth Activity Centre Happi

    OpenAIRE

    Swanljung, Heidi; Burkhardt, Amelie; Kosunen, Wilma

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to research how the active participation in voluntary media activities enables youth empowerment. For the Bachelor’s thesis at Laurea University of Applied Sciences, the authors conducted this research in co-operation with Youth Activity Centre Happi, located in Helsinki. The target group involved ten youngsters aged 14-18 years, who partcipate in the media activities of the youth center on voluntary basis. The thesis topic was decided due to common interests...

  4. Agency-based empowerment training enhances sales capacity of female energy entrepreneurs in Kenya.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shankar, Anita V; Onyura, MaryAlice; Alderman, Jessica

    2015-01-01

    Globally, women's involvement in clean cooking value chains has been minimal. This is partly because of the multiple challenges faced by women that impede their capacity to effectively engage in the energy sector. To better discern gender-specific differences in involvement in the energy sector, the authors conducted a randomized trial in Kenya to compare sales performance of newly trained male and female improved cookstove entrepreneurs and to test the effects of an agency-based empowerment training on business activity. A total of 257 entrepreneurs completed either a 4-day entrepreneurial training (control) or a 4-day empowerment training (intervention) and were followed for nearly 8 months documenting business activity and sales. The empowerment training led to more than doubling of sales for both genders. In addition, participants in the intervention group were significantly more likely to demonstrate business commitment over time and nearly three times more likely to be higher sellers (relative risk = 2.7, 95% CI [1.4, 5.4]), controlling for gender and rural/urban locale. Women outsold men by a margin of nearly 3 to 1 and were more likely to continue to pursue leads despite limited sales. Nonactive participants (those selling 1 improved cookstove or less) were a larger percentage of the control group (72%) than the intervention group (50%), and more men were nonactive participants (65% of men) compared with women (56% of women).These data show that women can serve as active improved cookstove entrepreneurs in both urban and rural settings and that targeted agency-based empowerment training can significantly increase women's capacity to engage effectively within the improved cookstove value chain. PMID:25839204

  5. The perceptions of employment equity and black economic empowerment as predictors of union commitment

    OpenAIRE

    Karen Janse van Rensburg; Gert Roodt

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to test whether the perceptions of employment equity (EE) and black economic empowerment (BEE) are related to union commitment and whether the perceptions about the mentor’s role significantly mediate this said relationship. The sampling frame for the study constituted 1200 employees of a division of a large public transport organisation and a convenience sample including all 1200 employees yielded 637 fully completed records (a 53% response rate). The results of ...

  6. Organization Conditions Enabling Employee Empowerment and the Moderating Role of Individual Personalities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharon Pande

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Empowerment is considered a key driver of organization growth. Companies are realizing that in today’sknowledge economy, high levels of supervision and direction actually hamper the full utilization of the employees’potential to contribute towards the overall organization’s objectives.Data was gathered from 243 employees to understand what really counts as empowerment and what impact it hason their effectiveness at work, their levels of innovation, leadership skills, commitment to the organization andtheir ability to manage stressful situations at the workplace.The research shows that except stress management, a highly empowered workplace has a strong positivecorrelation to all the above mentioned factors- at least as far as employee perceptions are concerned. The moreinteresting fact emanates when one tries to see if the personality of the employees also has any impact in all of this.The results clearly show that employees with higher levels of core self evaluation, self-efficacy, risk takingabilities, pro-activeness and an internal locus of control will do best only when provided with a work culture thatallows for their empowerment. In fact, wider the gap between the employees personality type and the workenvironment in terms of empowerment, the poorer will be the outcome on all these parameters-effectiveness,innovation, leadership skills, commitment and stress management. Interestingly, the reverse isn’t true. Providing amore empowered environment than what employees are thought to be able to handle (in case of employees withlower levels of self efficacy, etc. does not lead to any similar negative consequences.  

  7. Book review: Gypsies and Travellers: empowerment and inclusion in British Society

    OpenAIRE

    Brown, Philip

    2013-01-01

    "Gypsies and Travellers: Empowerment and Inclusion in British Society." Joanna Richardson and Andrew Ryder (eds.). Policy Press. September 2012. --- The eviction at Dale Farm in the UK in 2011 brought the conflicting issues relating to Gypsy and Traveller accommodation to the attention of the world’s media. However, as the furore surrounding the eviction has died down, the very pressing issues of accommodation need, inequality of access to education, healthcare and employment, and exclusion f...

  8. The price of corporate social responsibility: The case of black economic empowerment transactions in South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Jackson, William E.; Todd M Alessandri; Black, Sylvia Sloan

    2005-01-01

    Since the demise of apartheid in South Africa, corporations have been encouraged to participate in the governmental goal of increasing corporate ownership by the black majority population. One vehicle that has arisen to help facilitate an increase in corporate ownership has been black economic empowerment (BEE) transactions. BEE transactions are essentially private placements of equity. Firms that have taken this socially activist position of selling portions of their equity, usually at a sub...

  9. Organizing for empowerment: an interview with AES's Roger Sant and Dennis Bakke. Interview by Suzy Wetlaufer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sant, R; Bakke, D

    1999-01-01

    The topic of empowerment is receiving a lot of attention, but how many employees are truly empowered? At the global electricity giant AES Corporation, the answer is all 40,000 of them. In this interview, chairman Roger Sant and CEO Dennis Bakke reflect on their trials and triumphs in creating an exceptional company and explain how their employee-run company works. When they founded AES in 1981, Sant and Bakke set out to create a company where people could have engaging experiences on a daily basis--a company that embodied the principles of fairness, integrity, social responsibility, and fun. Putting those principles into action has created something unique--an ecosystem of real empowerment. What does that system look like? Rather than having a traditional hierarchical chain of command, AES is organized around small teams that are responsible for operations and maintenance. Moreover, AES has eliminated functional departments; there's no corporate marketing division or human resources department. For the system to work, every person must become a well-rounded generalist--a mini-CEO. That, in turn, redefines the jobs of the people at headquarters. Instead of setting strategy and making the "the big decisions," Sant and Bakke act as advisers, guardians of the principles, accountability officers, and chief encouragers. Can other companies successfully adopt the mechanics of such a system? Not unless they first adopt the shared principles that have guided AES since its inception. "Empowerment without values isn't empowerment," says Sant. "It's just technique," adds Bakke. PMID:10345387

  10. Women’s Empowerment in Action: Evidence from a Randomized Control Trial in Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Bandiera, Oriana; Burgess, Robin; Goldstein, Markus; Buehren, Niklas; Gulesci, Selim; Rasul, Imran; Sulaiman, Munshi

    2014-01-01

    Women in developing countries are disempowered relative to their contemporaries in developed countries. High youth unemployment and early marriage and childbearing interact to limit human capital investment and enforce dependence on men. In this paper we evaluate an attempt to jump-start adolescent women’s empowerment in the world’s second youngest country: Uganda. In this two-pronged intervention, adolescent girls are simultaneously provided vocational training and information on sex, reprod...

  11. Women's Empowerment in Action: Evidence from a Randomized Control Trial in Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Oriana Bandiera; Robin Burgess; Selim Gulesci; Imran Rasul; Munshi Sulaiman

    2014-01-01

    Women in developing countries are disempowered relative to their contemporaries in developed countries. High youth unemployment and early marriage and childbearing interact to limit human capital investment and enforce dependence on men. In this paper we evaluate an attempt to jump-start adolescent women's empowerment in the world's second youngest country: Uganda. In this two-pronged intervention, adolescent girls are simultaneously provided vocational training and information on sex, reprod...

  12. Health promotion in globalization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Franco-Giraldo

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to unravel some theoretical and factual elements required to implement more effective health promotion strategies and practices in the field of health services whilst following the great challenges that globalization has imposed on the health systems, which are inevitably expressed in the local context (glocalization. Methodology: a narrative review taking into account the concepts of globalization and health promotion in relation to health determinants. The authors approach some courses of action and strategies for health promotion based on the social principles and universal values that guide health promotion, health service reorientation and primary healthcare, empowerment, social participation, and inter-sectoral and social mobilization. Discussion: the discussion focuses on the redirection of health promotion services in relation to the wave of health reforms that has spread throughout the world under the neoliberal rule. The author also discusses health promotion, its ineffectiveness, and the quest for renewal. Likewise, the author sets priorities for health promotion in relation to social determinants. Conclusion: the current global order, in terms of international relations, is not consistent with the ethical principles of health promotion. In this paper, the author advocates for the implementation of actions to change the social and physical life conditions of people based on changes in the use of power in society and the appropriate practice of politics in the context of globalization in order to achieve the effectiveness of the actions of health promotion.

  13. LOCAL COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT IN THE SPECIAL AUTONOMY LAW IN PAPUA PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Usman Pakasi

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The establishment of the 2001 Special Autonomy Law in Papua Province is not exempted from economic, political and socio-cultural problems. The law is intended to empower the people by preserving their interests and upholding the basic rights of native Papuans. This research aims at finding out a theoretical understanding on the forms of local community empowerment during the implementation of special autonomy in Papua Province. The study is performed through a qualitative approach with a phenomenological strategy. The research was conducted at a location in Jayapura. Empirical data were obtained using the techniques of observation, in-depth interviews, and other secondary data. The implementation of Special Autonomy in Papua Province has brought forth a fundamental change in the approaches and policies of community development, particularly local community empowerment that includes indigenous communities, women, and religion. Local community empowerment in the economic and socio-cultural aspects represents the effort to improve the welfare and sense of justice within the local community in development.

  14. Effects of Perceived Organizational Support and Psychological Empowerment on Creative Performance among Agricultural Personnel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyyed Mohammad Kazem Hashemi

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Innovative organizational behaviors and empowering organizational environments can function reciprocally toward ensuring organizational performance and sustainability in long term. This study aimed at analyzing the relationships between Psychological Empowerment (PE, Perceived Organizational Support (POS, and Creative Performance (CP. Through a literature review, we examined causal relationships among these variables. The subjects of the study were agricultural personnel (n = 80 of Karaj city, Iran. Data were analyzed through descriptive statistics, confirmatory factor analysis, and the structural equation modeling. Results of this study, showed that agricultural personnel had moderate level of Creative Performance (CP (Mean = 3.35. Moreover, results of correlation analysis and structural equation modeling procedure showed that Psychological Empowerment (PE significantly affected Creative Performance (CP more than that of Perceived Organizational Support (POS (β = 0.29, p<0.01. Overall, the present study recommended that the agricultural organization environment should promote agricultural personnel’s creative behaviors through improving their perceptions of psychological empowerment. Finally, the research provided managerial implications.

  15. Dealing with nuclear-related emotions: an investigation of the despair and empowerment process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main goal of this study was to determine the short-term and follow-up effectiveness of despair and empowerment workshops. Such workshops are designed to encourage the expression of feelings related to the nuclear threat (as well as other planetary issues), and to generate a greater sense of personal powerfulness. Results were as follows. At pretest, experimental workshop participants reported a significantly lower level of nuclear-related denial, and were found to be significantly more politically active than control participants. When controlling for these pretest differences, no significant differences were found across conditions at post-test or follow-up. In addition, experimental workshop participants were found to report significantly more powerfulness than nonworkshop control participants at post-test, but no significant post-test differences were found between the two workshop conditions. Open ended evaluation questions, asked only of experimental workshop participants, suggested that most participants responded favorably to the despair and empowerment workshops - particularly in reference to being given the opportunity to express their nuclear-related concerns and to feel supported by others. In summary, this study provides some evidence, despite mixed results, of the effectiveness of despair and empowerment workshops

  16. The History and Strategies Based on the Samples of Health Promotion

    OpenAIRE

    Zeynep Simsek

    2013-01-01

    Health promotion in the process of enabling people to increase control over, the determinants of their health and thereby improve their health. Health promotion represents a comprehensive process, it not only embraces actions directed at strengthening the skills and capabilities of individuals, but also action directed towards changing social, environmental and economic conditions so as to alleviate their impact on public and individual health. Empowerment approoaches including psychological ...

  17. The Effect of Customer Empowerment on Adherence to Expert Advice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    N.M.A. Camacho (Nuno); M.G. de Jong (Martijn); S. Stremersch (Stefan)

    2014-01-01

    textabstractCustomers often receive expert advice related to their health, finances, taxes or legal procedures, to name just a few. A noble stance taken by some is that experts should empower customers to make their own decisions. In this article, we distinguish informational from decisional empower

  18. Culture Circles in adolescent empowerment for the prevention of violence

    OpenAIRE

    Monteiro, Estela Maria Leite Meirelles; Neto, Waldemar Brandão; Lima, Luciane Soares de; de Aquino, Jael Maria; Gontijo, Daniela Tavares; Pereira, Beatriz Oliveira

    2015-01-01

    An action research based on Paulo Freire's Culture Circles was developed to implement a health education intervention involving adolescents, in collective knowledge construction about strategies for the prevention of violence. The data collection in the Culture Circles involved 11 adolescents and included observation and field diary, photographic records and recording. The educational action aroused a critical socio-political and cultural position in the adolescents towards the situations of ...

  19. Ethics in Violence and Abuse Research - a Positive Empowerment Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Julia Downes; Liz Kelly; Nicole Westmarland

    2014-01-01

    Research governance, including research ethics committees and data protection legislation, is invested in protecting the individual rights of participants in social care and health research. Increasingly funders expect evidence of outcomes that engage with 'service users', making research critical in supporting social interventions to compete for scant resources in an economic climate marked by 'austerity' (Sullivan 2011). This article focuses on the tensions that can arise from the research ...

  20. EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN THROUGH HUMAN RIGHTS EDUCATION: AN ANALYSIS

    OpenAIRE

    SANTOSH PANDURANG RATHO

    2013-01-01

    Every woman, man, youth and child has the human right to education, trainingand information, and to other fundamental human rights dependent upon realization ofthe human right to education. Equality of access to all levels of education is crucial toempowering women and girls to participate in economic, social and political life of theirsocieties. Education unlocks a woman¹s potential, and is accompanied by improvementsin health, nutrition, and well-being of women and their families. Human rig...

  1. Community Wise: paving the way for empowerment in community reentry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Windsor, Liliane Cambraia; Jemal, Alexis; Benoit, Ellen

    2014-01-01

    Theoretical approaches traditionally applied in mental health and criminal justice interventions fail to address the historical and structural context that partially explains health disparities. Community Wise was developed to address this gap. It is a 12week group intervention informed by Critical Consciousness Theory and designed to prevent substance abuse, related health risk behaviors, psychological distress, and reoffending among individuals with a history of incarceration and substance abuse. This paper reports findings from the first implementation and pilot evaluation of Community Wise in two community-based organizations. This pre-posttest evaluation pilot-tested Community Wise and used findings to improve the intervention. Twenty-six participants completed a phone and clinical screening, baseline, 6- and 12-week follow-ups, and a focus group at the end of the intervention. Measures assessed participants' demographic information, psychological distress, substance use, criminal offending, HIV risk behaviors, community cohesion, community support, civic engagement, critical consciousness, ethnic identification, group cohesion, client satisfaction, and acquired treatment skills. Research methods were found to be feasible and useful in assessing the intervention. Results indicated that while Community Wise is a promising intervention, several changes need to be made in order to enhance the intervention. Community Wise is a new approach where oppressed individuals join in critical dialogue, tap into existing community resources, and devise, implement and evaluate their own community solutions to structural barriers. PMID:24630737

  2. Impact of Team Empowerment Education on Anxiety and Depression in Inpatients with Diabetes%团队式赋能教育对糖尿病住院患者焦虑、抑郁状态的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘昱昕; 何朝珠; 周敏

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effect of team empowerment education on anxiety and depression in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods Forty type 2 diabetes in patients with de-pression and anxiety were randomly divided into two groups, with 20 patients in each group. All patients were given diet and drug therapy. In addition, control group received routine health edu-cation and experimental group received team empowerment education. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) scores,Diabetes Empowerment Scale-Short Form (DES-SF) scores,Di-abetes Self-Care Scale (DSCS) scores,fasting blood glucose (FBG) levels and 2-hour postprandial blood glucose (PBG) levels were compared between the two groups. Results Compared with rou-tine health education, team empowerment education significantly decresed HADS scores at dis-charge (Pempowerment education was superior to routine health education in blood glucose control (P< 0. 05). Conclusion Team empowerment education can obviously improve anxiety and depression state in inpatients with type 2 diabetes.%目的 探讨团队式赋能教育对2型糖尿病住院患者焦虑、抑郁状态的影响.方法 将40例伴焦虑、抑郁的2型糖尿病住院患者按入院顺序分为试验组20例和对照组20例,2组均给予饮食和药物治疗,对照组采用常规健康教育方法,试验组采用团队式赋能教育方法.比较综合性医院焦虑抑郁量表(HADS)评分、糖尿病授权简化量表(DES-SF)、糖尿病患者自护行为量表(DSCS)评分及血糖控制情况.抽血测空腹血糖(FBG)、餐后2 h血糖(PBG).结果出院时试验组HADS评分显著低于对照组(P<0.01);试验组的血糖控制优于对照组(P<0.05);试验组自我管理和DES-SF评分明显提高,与对照组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论 团队式赋能教育可明显改善2型糖尿病住院患者焦虑、抑郁状态.

  3. The Impact of Structural Empowerment on Organizational Citizenship Behavior-Organization and Job Performance: A Mediating Role of Burnout

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hina Jaffery

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The banking sector employees are usually exposed to potential job burnout which impacts their employee performance. This study examined the impact of structural empowerment on organizational citizenship behavior-organization (henceforth, OCBO and job performance and further examined the mediating effect of job burnout in the relationships of structural empowerment, OCBO and job performance. In this study, data from 282 employees was taken from four banks: both public and private sectors. Two stage sampling technique was carried out to collect data. In the first stage probability cluster sampling and in the second stage convenience sampling was used. Different data analysis techniques like correlation, regression analysis, were used to test the four hypotheses of the study. Findings show that there are strong positive relationships of structural empowerment with OCBO and job performance. It has also proved that job burnout strongly mediates the relationship of structural empowerment and organizational citizenship-behavior (OCBO and weakly mediates the relationship between structural empowerment and job performance. The findings would help the HR executives of the organizations to formulate future development to combat the burnout and ensure effective overall performance of employees through structurally empowering them.

  4. Evaluation of the in-Service Training Courses Impact on Empowerment of National Iranian South Oilfields Company’s Employees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gholamhossein Barekat

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Manpower training leads to development of their potential, promotion of work methods and techniques of work, knowledge acquisition and increased job skills and prevention of resource loss for the organization. This is a descriptive study which is carried out in April 2015 to evaluate the effect of in-service training courses on employee empowerment among National Iranian South Oilfields Company (NISOC employee in the years 2012-2014. A sample size of 148 employees was randomly selected from the population of the study, and standard questionnaires of leadership power, organizational commitment by Allen Meyer and average of the employee in specialized training courses were used for data collection. Descriptive and inferential statistics, frequency, mean, standard deviation, one way ANOVA, independent t-test, analysis of variance (ANOVA were measured in statistical software of SPSS 21 for data analysis. The results showed that training courses have been effective in empowerment (leadership, organizational commitment and expertise of the employee. In addition, no significant difference was found between effectiveness of training courses and empowerment of employee expertise in different field of studys and universities. But there was a significant difference between effectiveness of training courses, and empowerment of employee expertise based on their level and type of education. Therefore, considering the effectiveness of in-service training courses on employee empowerment, there is a necessary need for serious planning for appropriate military establishments for optimal implementation of these programs.

  5. The New Wellness. When Beauty Means Health

    OpenAIRE

    Vaccaro Concetta Maria

    2010-01-01

    Behind the new and increasingly broaden selfcare behaviours, and the corresponding explosion of wellness consumption, lies a new conception of health that gives centrality to the dimension of psychological well-being and considers to be and feel beautiful as a prerequisite in order to attain this achievement. Individual empowerment in self care also affects people's engagement in activities, and then the option for consumption choices, related to fitness, healthy eating and beauty treatments,...

  6. VALUE-ADDITION FOR EMPOWERMENT AND EMPLOYABILITY THROUGH INTERVENTION OF ODL MODE OF IGNOU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. KISHORE,

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In the developing country like India, the output of graduates from higher educational institutions is high. But, the major concern is that majority of graduates are not employable, especially from rural areas for want of skills expected by the employer. The soft skills, communication skills and multidisciplinary knowledge are essential to become employable. In this context, the short-term six months courses of Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU delivered through the ODL mode is an alternative intervention to the graduates towards empowerment. This article analyses the benefits of self-learning though ODL mode of IGNOU. The IGNOU Regional Centre, Madurai has made a pilot attempt in enrolling formal mode college going students in a few specific certificate programmes of IGNOU for enrichment and empowerment. The certificate level programmes of IGNOU which match the discipline of study at the graduation level as a value added course are also explored in this work. Self-study through ODL promotes the many skills and builds confidence to link learning to real-life situations and as well as ability to understand the changing demands in the world of work. Also, ability to manage information is a significant dimension of self-learning. Thus, the short-term programmes of IGNOU extend value-addition to the graduates in the form of transferable skills and the value-added outputs are expected to be employable or self-employable, thus contributing to the growth of the nation. Open learning; self-learning; skills; value-addition; empowerment; employability.

  7. Toxic releases and risk disparity: a spatiotemporal model of industrial ecology and social empowerment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aoyagi, Hannah; Ogunseitan, Oladele A

    2015-06-01

    Information-based regulations (IBRs) are founded on the theoretical premise that public participation in accomplishing policy goals is empowered by open access to information. Since its inception in 1988, the Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) has provided the framework and regulatory impetus for the compilation and distribution of data on toxic releases associated with industrial development, following the tenets of IBR. As TRI emissions are reputed to disproportionately affect low-income communities, we investigated how demographic characteristics are related to change in TRI emissions and toxicity risks between 1989 and 2002, and we sought to identify factors that predict these changes. We used local indicators of spatial association (LISA) maps and spatial regression techniques to study risk disparity in the Los Angeles urban area. We also surveyed 203 individuals in eight communities in the same region to measure the levels of awareness of TRI, attitudes towards air pollution, and general environmental risk. We discovered, through spatial lag models, that changes in gross and toxic emissions are related to community ethnic composition, poverty level, home ownership, and base 1989 emissions (R-square=0.034-0.083). We generated a structural equation model to explain the determinants of social empowerment to act on the basis of environmental information. Hierarchical confirmatory factor analysis (HCFA) supports the theoretical model that individual empowerment is predicted by risk perception, worry, and awareness (Chi-square=63.315, p=0.022, df=42). This study provides strong evidence that spatiotemporal changes in regional-scale environmental risks are influenced by individual-scale empowerment mediated by IBRs. PMID:26042368

  8. Toxic Releases and Risk Disparity: A Spatiotemporal Model of Industrial Ecology and Social Empowerment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hannah Aoyagi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Information-based regulations (IBRs are founded on the theoretical premise that public participation in accomplishing policy goals is empowered by open access to information. Since its inception in 1988, the Toxics Release Inventory (TRI has provided the framework and regulatory impetus for the compilation and distribution of data on toxic releases associated with industrial development, following the tenets of IBR. As TRI emissions are reputed to disproportionately affect low-income communities, we investigated how demographic characteristics are related to change in TRI emissions and toxicity risks between 1989 and 2002, and we sought to identify factors that predict these changes. We used local indicators of spatial association (LISA maps and spatial regression techniques to study risk disparity in the Los Angeles urban area. We also surveyed 203 individuals in eight communities in the same region to measure the levels of awareness of TRI, attitudes towards air pollution, and general environmental risk. We discovered, through spatial lag models, that changes in gross and toxic emissions are related to community ethnic composition, poverty level, home ownership, and base 1989 emissions (R-square = 0.034–0.083. We generated a structural equation model to explain the determinants of social empowerment to act on the basis of environmental information. Hierarchical confirmatory factor analysis (HCFA supports the theoretical model that individual empowerment is predicted by risk perception, worry, and awareness (Chi-square = 63.315, p = 0.022, df = 42. This study provides strong evidence that spatiotemporal changes in regional-scale environmental risks are influenced by individual-scale empowerment mediated by IBRs.

  9. Role of Krishi Vigyan Kenderas for the empowerment of rural women through vocational trainings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tabasum Nazir

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The present study was conducted to determine the role of Krishi Vigyan Kenderas for the empowerment of rural women in Kashmir valley in the year 2010-12. A sample of 400 rural women out of 800 covered under different vocational training courses of Kvks was selected by random sampling method for data collection. A structured interview schedule was prepared and was pretested on 10 percent of the respondents before final use. The study revealed that majority of the respondents (46.75% became independent, (30.5% respondents had reduced their dependency and a small number of respondents (22.75% did not feel any change in their dependency. The findings revealed that majority of the, respondents developed their leadership qualities, can make self assessment, got economic freedom, developed their psychological confidence and became able to take decisions. Thus vocational trainings given through kvks plays a positive role for the empowerment of rural women who have undergone through trainings and adopted the recommendations of the given practices. The findings of the study also revealed that majority of the women respondents had increased their psychological confidence and decreased their sub-ordination and cent percent of the women respondents agreed that vocational trainings given by Krihi Vigyan Kenderas provided an opportunity for women to enhance their economy and improve the socio economic status of rural women. More than half of the respondents revealed that they earn profit by adopting these skills and have increased their income and became socially, economically and psychologically empowered. The training of cutting and tailoring, knitting, fruit and vegetable preservation and tilla work has increased the economic status of trainees and also of their families. The positive change in their living status was also visible. Hence training programmes organized by KVKs especially for rural women for their empowerment plays a positive role.

  10. Leadership empowering behaviour, psychological empowerment, organisational citizenship behaviours and turnover intention in a manufacturing division

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janie Bester

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Employees’ perceptions of their leaders’ behaviour play a role in creating empowering environments where employees are willing to do more than what is expected, with retention of employees as a result.Research purpose: The aim of this study was to theoretically conceptualise and empirically determine the relationships between employees’ perception of their leaders’ empowering behaviour, psychological empowerment, organisational citizenship behaviours and intention to leave within a manufacturing division of an organisation.Motivation for the study: In the ever-changing work environment, organisations must capitalise on their human capital in order to maintain competitiveness. It is therefore important to identify the role of employees’ perception of leadership in contributing to the establishment of an environment where employees feel empowered, are willing to do more than what is expected and want to stay in the organisation.Research design, approach and method: A non-experimental, cross-sectional survey design was used. The total population (N = 300 employed at the manufacturing division was targeted. Two hundred completed questionnaires were obtained. The Leader Empowering Behaviour Questionnaire, Measuring Empowerment Questionnaire, Organisational Citizenship Behaviour Questionnaire and Intention to Leave Scale were administered.Main findings: Employees’ perception of their leaders’ empowering behaviour (keeping employees accountable, self-directed decision-making and people development, psychological empowerment (attitude and influence and organisational citizenship behaviours (loyalty, deviant behaviour and participation predict intention to leave the organisation.Practical/managerial implications: Organisations should foster the elements of a positive organisation, in this case leader empowering behaviours, if they want to retain their employees.Contribution/value-add: The results of this research contribute to

  11. The Influence of E-Learning on Individual and Collective Empowerment in the Public Sector: An Empirical Study of Korean Government Employees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mann Hyung Hur

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Our study explores the influence of e-learning on individual and collective empowerment by using data collected from e-learning class participants of Korea’s Cyber-Education Center. For the survey, a questionnaire was sent to each of the 41 central ministries’ education and training officers (ETO via email. The ETOs distributed the questionnaire to individuals in their ministries who have taken e-learning classes offered by the Cyber-Education Center during the first half of 2012. Out of more than 1,000 e-learning class attendees, 161 responded to the questionnaire survey. A set of multiple regression models was employed to explore significant predictors of government employees’ individual and collective empowerment in e-learning environments. Using existing literature on empowerment theories, a set of 16 questions was developed. A factor analysis was conducted to condense 16 individual variables into several large categories. Four factors including meaning, competence, self-determination, and collective empowerment were extracted from the 16 questions. The first three equations stood for individual empowerment and the last one for collective empowerment. Each of the four factors was utilized as a dependent variable in the multiple regression analysis. Each regression model uncovered its own set of variables that played a role in empowerment. The predictor variables of the meaning dimension were more widely split than those of the competence dimension or the self-determination dimension and collective empowerment. Only one independent variable—preference of e-learning class to offline class—was associated with all four dependent variables. However, modalities of e-learning activity, which were expected to be a significant predictor of empowerment, were not associated with any of the four dependent variables. In addition, lecture types of the e-learning class were also expected to be a significant predictor of empowerment but were only

  12. Enhancing resilience, empowerment, and conflict management among baccalaureate students: outcomes of a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pines, Eula W; Rauschhuber, Maureen L; Cook, Jennifer D; Norgan, Gary H; Canchola, Leticia; Richardson, Cynthia; Jones, Mary Elaine

    2014-01-01

    To manage interpersonal conflict, nursing students need evidence-based interventions to strengthen stress resiliency, psychological empowerment, and conflict management skills. A pilot 1-group, pre-post-design, 2-semester intervention used simulated experiences to enhance these skills with 60 undergraduate nursing students. Findings suggest that integration of conflict resolution skills throughout the curriculum, with repeated opportunities to practice using a variety of styles of conflict management in relation to situational factors, may be beneficial to prepare students for the challenges of today's healthcare environment. PMID:24535184

  13. Empowerment da grávida : Fatores de capacitação para a maternidade

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Daniela Neves

    2014-01-01

    Enquadramento: À gravidez associam-se grandes transformações físicas e psicossociais, é um período repleto de sentimentos ambíguos, dúvidas e receios, que determinam a constituição da maternidade. No terceiro trimestre, fatores sociodemográficos, obstétricos e psicossociais parecem influenciar a autonomia, autoeficácia e poder de decisão da grávida, portanto, a sua capacitação para o parto e maternidade. Torna-se pertinente perceber a relação entre estes fatores e o empowerment...

  14. The Role of Nutrition and Women's Empowerment in Human Capital Development

    OpenAIRE

    Houston, Jack E.; Huguley, Helena

    2014-01-01

    Nutritional status and the empowerment of women have massive implications on the physical and mental development of their children. We explore the role of nutrition of women and children in the household and further posit the importance of the mother’s human capital. Increases in women’s human capital positively affect the efficiency of management and the allocation of other inputs for household production, especially for staples, vegetables and poultry. A model for human capital is postu...

  15. The Influence of Gender Role and Women's Empowerment on Couples' Fertility Experiences in Urban Society of Mashhad, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Talat Khadivzadeh; Robab Latifnejad Roudsari; Masoud Bahrami

    2014-01-01

    Background and Aim: Iran has experienced a great variation in women's status in recent years. There is a little knowledge on how and why advancing gender equality and equity and the empowerment of women play a role in recent fertility reduction in the country. This study was conducted to gain insight into the role of gender beliefs and women's empowerment in the couples 'experiences of fertility in Mashhad, Iran in 2011-2012. Methods: In this exploratory qualitative study in-depth interviews ...

  16. e-Health, m-Health and healthier social media reform: the big scale view

    OpenAIRE

    Bahagon, Yossi; Jacobson, Orit

    2012-01-01

    Introduction In the upcoming decade, digital platforms will be the backbone of a strategic revolution in the way medical services are provided, affecting both healthcare providers and patients. Digital-based patient-centered healthcare services allow patients to actively participate in managing their own care, in times of health as well as illness, using personally tailored interactive tools. Such empowerment is expected to increase patients’ willingness to adopt actions and lifestyles that p...

  17. Strategic Intelligence Monitor on Personal Health Systems, Phase 2 - Citizens and ICT for Health in 14 European Countries: Results from an Online Panel

    OpenAIRE

    LUPIAÑEZ VILLANUEVA FRANCISCO; MAGHIROS Ioannis; ABADIE Fabienne

    2012-01-01

    The Citizen Panel Survey carried out in SIMPHS2 to better assess users and patients' needs and expectations with regard to ICT for health, directly supports the objectives of the Digital Agenda in the area of eHealth which are to both cope with societal challenges and create opportunities for innovation and economic growth by reducing health inequalities, promoting active and healthy ageing and increasing empowerment. It also contributes to the goals of the European Innovation Partnership on ...

  18. 急诊护士结构授权、胜任力与满意度的现状调查%Status investigation of emergency nurses' structural empowerment, competency and job satisfaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王庆华; 栾树荣; 李翠香; 袁文霞; 栾顺莲

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨急诊护士结构授权、岗位胜任力和工作满意度的现状及其相关因素.方法 采用文献回顾法、访谈法、问卷调查法进行研究,建立急诊护士结构授权氛围和岗位胜任力模型后,对300名急诊科护士实施结构授权,比较实施前后护理质量及工作满意度.结果 结构授权实施后护理质量和工作满意度分别为(98.45±1.36),(98.19±2.63)分,均高于实施前的(95.33±2.47),(93.81±4.54)分,差异均有统计学意义(t分别为-4.468,16.136;P <0.05);急诊护士结构授权后的自我评价提高,以评判性思维能力、接受信息、沟通能力和健康教育能力改善效果明显,社会支持能力、逻辑推理能力和创新意识和能力改善效果低.结论 构建急诊护士适宜结构授权氛围和岗位胜任力指标模型,促进护士自我定位和发展,作为医院选拔、培训专业护士的参考依据.%Objective To study the current situation of emergency nurses' structural empowerment,competency,job satisfaction,and their correlative factors.Methods Literature review, interview and questionnaire were used to establish the emergency nurses' structural empowerment and competency model.300emergency nurses were structurally empowered,and their quality of care and job satisfaction was compared before and after.Results The quality of care and job satisfaction after structural empowerment was (98.45 ±1.36) and (98.19 ± 2.63 ),both of which were higher than that before structural empowerment (95.33 ±2.47) and (93.81 ± 4.54),and the differences were statistically significant (t =-4.468,16.136,respectively; P < 0.05).After structural empowerment,there was great improvement in emergency nurses' selfevaluation,as well as their ability of critical thinking,receiving information,communication and health education,while there was little improvement in their ability of social support,logical reasoning and innovation.Conclusions Establishing structural

  19. 2型糖尿病患者授权能力对自我管理行为的影响%The impact of Empowerment Ability on Self-management Behavior in Type 2 Diabetes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹月香; 邓爱辉; 钟瑶; 孙妍; 罗鸿超

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the self-management behavior and empowerment ability in Type 2 Diabetes and explore the potential relationships between these variables. Methods:ln total 118 Type 2 diabetic inpatients in 3 class three-A hospital in Hengyang were recruited by convenience sampling method, summary of diabetes self-care activities(SDSCA)and China Mainland Diabetes Empowerment scale(CM-DES) in this questionnaire survey. Results:The average score of self-management behavior was 3.55±0.88; The average score of empowerment ability was 3.09±0.50; There was a positive correlation between self-management behavior and empowerment ability in type 2 diabetes. Regression analysis showed that the factor scores of empowerment such as self-determination and self-regulation could explain 26.4 percent of the variance for self-management behavior after controlling demographic variables. Conclusion:Diabetes empowerment and self-management should be included in health education programs as to improve the quality of life of patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus.%目的:探讨2型糖尿病患者的授权能力对自我管理行为的影响.方法:采用糖尿病授权教育量表及糖尿病自我管理行为量表,以便利抽样法,对某市3所三级甲等医院的118例2型糖尿病住院患者进行现场调查.结果:2型糖尿病患者授权总均分为(3.09±0.50)分;自我管理行为总均分为(3.55±0.88)分;授权能力与总体自我管理行为呈正相关(P<0.01),回归分析显示,控制一般资料变量后,授权能力可独立预测自我管理行为变异的26.4%,进入回归方程的两个影响因素为自我决策与自我调整.结论:建议重视患者自我决策与自我调整能力的提升,科学运用授权理论,设计并开展糖尿病自我管理健康促进项目,提高糖尿病患者的生活质量.

  20. Human Development In a Community Health Evangelism Project In Northern Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Rauhala, Anna-Maria Henriikka

    2007-01-01

    TÀmÀn pro gradu –tutkielman aiheena on ihmiskeskeinen kehitys Community Health Evangelism (CHE) projektissa Pohjois-Thaimaassa. Pro gradu –tutkielman teoreettisessa osiossa esitellÀÀn ensin lyhyesti muutama erilainen ihmiskÀsitys. TÀmÀn jÀlkeen pureudutaan neljÀÀn eri ihmiskeskeisen kehityksen teoriaan, jotka ovat Manfred Max-Neefin human scale development, John Friedmannin empowerment teoria, ihmiskeskeinen kehitys YhdistyneissÀ Kansakunnissa ja Maailman Pankin empowerment teo...