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Sample records for brandenburg official announcement

  1. Lexus Announces Official Sale Price of LFA Supercar in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    On December 15, 2009, Lexus China announced the official sale price of its high-performance, luxury two-seat supercar LFA in the Chinese Market. The suggested retail price is 5,988,000 yuan ($880,588).

  2. Social Club Brandenburg

    OpenAIRE

    Hofmann, Susanne; Walter, Urs

    2012-01-01

    Gedruckte Version im Universitätsverlag der TU Berlin erschienen: ISBN 978-3-7983-2398-8, ISSN 2193-6846 SOCIAL CLUB Brandenburg beschäftigt sich mit innovativen Formen des Lernens und Lebens von Jugendlichen auf dem Lande. Ort der Untersuchung ist das ehemaligen (former) landwirtschaftlichen (agricultural) Mustergut Blumberg bei Casekow in der Uckermark / Brandenburg. In der Auseinandersetzung mit dem Ort Blumberg, dem Gutshaus und seiner Wirtschaftsbauten entwickeln Studierende im Bachel...

  3. Energy crops for biogas plants. Brandenburg; Energiepflanzen fuer Biogasanlagen. Brandenburg

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adam, L.; Barthelmes, G.; Biertuempfel, A. (and others)

    2012-06-15

    In the brochure under consideration, the Agency for Renewable Resources (Guelzen-Pruezen, Federal Republic of Germany) reported on recommendations on alternative cropping systems for energy crop rotations in order to achieve high yields in combination with high diversity, risk spreading and sustainability. In particular, the natural site conditions in the Federal State of Brandenburg (Federal Republic of Germany) are determined.

  4. Zustand und Entwicklung von Seen in Berlin und Brandenburg

    OpenAIRE

    Michael Hupfer; Brigitte Nixdorf

    2011-01-01

    In diesem Beitrag sollen ausgewählte Aspekte der Entwicklung von Seen in Berlin-Brandenburg im Zusammenhang mit den prognostizierten Klimaänderungen dargestellt werden. Dazu wird zunächst ein Überblick zur Entstehung und Typisierung von Gewässern sowie ihrer Nutzung gegeben. Anhand des aktuellen Wissens wird diskutiert, welche Konsequenzen sich aus den erwarteten Veränderungen der Temperatur und des hydrologischen Regimes auf die Funktion und Nutzung vor allem von Seen in Berlin-Brandenburg e...

  5. Corporate identity of the Chief Mines Inspectorate of Brandenburg

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The mining administration of the Land Brandenburg abandoned its traditional self-image in order to be able to cope with the challenges presented by a modern and future-oriented mining industry. The reinstatement of the Chief Mines Inspectorate of the Land Brandenburg opened up a chance of breaking up obsolete administrative structures and, instead, giving this entity a Corporate Identity as its foundation. The inspectorate considers Corporate Identity as the way of making its work understood both internally and to the exterior. (orig.)

  6. Umweltforschung für das Land Brandenburg

    OpenAIRE

    Baier, Dieter; Soyez, Konrad; Streurs, Kerstin; Kaiser, Jürgen; Narodoslawski, Michael; Kamm, Birgit; Kromus, Stefan; Kamm, Michael; Zierke, Irene; Koller, Matthias; Hermann, Tim; Schmeer, Ernst; Thrän, Daniela; Kleinpeter, Erich; Starke, Ines

    2005-01-01

    BAIER, D.; SOYEZ, K.: Dekontamination von Altholz ; BAIER, D. et al.: Untersuchungen zur Kompostierbarkeit von paraffinbeschichteten Verpackungsmaterialien ; KAISER, J.; SOYEZ, K.: Zum Wasser- und Wärmehaushalt des Intensivrotteprozesses der mechanisch-biologischen Abfallbehandlung ; KAMM, B. et al.: Green Biorefinery - European Network for the Implementation of Biorefineries (NIB) ; KAMM, B. et al.: Grüne Bioraffinerie Brandenburg ; KOLLER, M.; HERMANN, T.: Entscheidungshilfen für die ökolog...

  7. Umweltforschung für das Land Brandenburg

    OpenAIRE

    Berndt, Klaus-Peter; Felgentreff, Carsten; Giest, Hartmut; Walgenbach, Wilhelm; Greil, Holle; Jürgens, H.-W.; Schröder, I; Scheffler, Christiane; Schilitz, Anja; Segert, Astrid; Zierke, Irene; Wipper, Renate

    2005-01-01

    BERNDT, K.-P.: Interdisziplinäres multimediales Lehr- und Lernprojekt "Biodiversität in Großökosystemen" ; FELGENTREFF, C.: Hochwasser im Kontext. Zur Rekonstruktion des Oderhochwassers 1997 in Brandenburg und seiner Folgen ; GIEST, H.; WALGENBACH, W.: Entwicklung von Multimedia-Bausteinen zur Ökologischen Grundbildung ; GREIL, H. et al.: Anthropometrische Grundlagen für die Entwicklung maßgerechter 3D-Computersimulationen des menschlichen Körpers zum Einsatz bei der Gestaltung körpernaher Um...

  8. Official announcement of an executive agreement between Federal German Government and Land governments, concerning payment of compensation for reasons of equity, for losses as result of the Chernobyl reactor accident; and announcement of the pertinent administrative directive

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Federal Republic of Germany and the Lands concluded an executive agreement on compensation to be paid for reasons of equity, for losses incurred as a consequence of the Chernobyl reactor accident, and on the pertinent administration directive defining general principles of fair compensation for losses induced by the Chernobyl reactor accident (Fair Compensation Directive). The directive will be issued by each Land government for its province, and published in the pertinent regional, official gazettes. The full texts of the executive agreement and the Fair Compensation Directive are given below. (orig.)

  9. Electrocution and impact mortality of big bird species in Brandenburg; Stromschlag oder Leitungsanflug? - Erfahrungen mit Grossvogelopfern in Brandenburg

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Langgemach, T. [Landesumweltamt Brandenburg, Himmelpfort (Germany). Naturschutzstation Wobliz

    1997-12-01

    In Brandenburg we can as yet only speculate on the extent of bird mortality from electrocution or impact on power lines and the break-down of species involved. What is currently being discovered documented only the tip of the iceberg, as there are no systematic studies. In the case of some species or groups of species our current state of knowledge is shown empirically, taking particular account of conductor impact. Birds of prey and owls are at comparatively little hazard from impact and are far more frequently killed by electrocution. That also applies to the white stork, although impact does account for a certain proportion of mortality. Losses of cranes and otididae are attributable only to impact, although this might be accompanied by a short-circuit. The otididae are in fact the only of the above-mentioned species whose decline - at least regionally - can be put in a causal relationship with bird impact mortality. The sparse knowledge available to us at present needs to be supplemented by collection of more data so that meaningful conclusions can be drawn. (orig.) [Deutsch] In Brandenburg kann beim Leitungsanflug ebenso wie beim Stromschlag ueber das wahre Ausmass und die Zusammensetzung der Verluste bisher nur spekuliert werden. Was derzeit gefunden bzw. dokumentiert wird, ist nur die Spitze des Eisberges, da es keine systematischen Untersuchungen gibt. Fuer einige Arten bzw. Artengruppen wird der gegenwaertige Kenntnisstand unter besonderer Beruecksichtigung des Drahtanfluges empirisch dargestellt. Greifvoegel und Eulen unterliegen einer relativ geringen Gefaehrdung durch Anflug und sterben weit haeufiger durch Stromschlag. Letzteres gilt auch fuer den Weissstorch, bei dem jedoch auch Leitungsanflug einen gewissen Anteil der Verluste ausmacht. Bei Grosstrappe und Kranich entstehen Leitungsverluste nur durch Anflug, der jedoch mit einem Kurzschluss einhergehen kann. Dabei ist die Grosstrappe die einzige der genannten Arten, bei der - zumindest regional - ein

  10. Conception for the protection of mineable raw materials in the Land of Brandenburg (Germany)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The pit and quarry industry in Brandenburg will within a few years the same importance as the lignite industry. Both industries together may have up to 20 000 employees beyond the year 2000. The same number of employees could result in the enterprises of local and other subcontractors and mine suppliers. The government of Brandenburg creates at present the legal prerequisites to secure the supply with mineable raw materials. The regulation of the protection of mineable raw materials is proposed to be realised within the scope of the second plan for the development of the country, and within the regional plannings. The protection of the basic conditions for mining industries is a permanent task for administration and politics. By encouraged engagement in the case of opposed interests, those of mining can be considered with acceptable results provided the parties are ready to compromise. (orig.)

  11. KWI-Info [Heft 7/2006] : [Schwerpunkt: Die Reform der Kommunalverwaltung in Brandenburg

    OpenAIRE

    Kommunalwissenschaftliches Institut der Universität Potsdam

    2007-01-01

    Inhalt: Schwerpunkt: Die Reform der Kommunalverwaltung in Brandenburg Editorial (Christiane Büchner/Michael Nierhaus) Die politische Durchsetzung der Kommunalverfassungsreform der neunziger Jahre (Hans-Herbert von Arnim) „Die Kommunalverfassung - monistisch muss sie sein!“ Ein Interview mit dem Kommunalrechtler Michael Nierhaus Position des Brandenburgischen Städte- und Gemeindebundes zur Novellierung der Kommunalverfassung (Karl-Ludwig Böttcher) Position des Brandenburgischen Landkreistages ...

  12. Cluster und regionale Wettbewerbsfähigkeit – Die Photovoltaik-Industrie in Berlin-Brandenburg

    OpenAIRE

    Ebert, S.; Brachert, Matthias; Dominguez Lacasa, Iciar

    2009-01-01

    In neueren Studien des IWH wird ein selektiver Clusterungsprozess der Photovoltaik-(PV-)Industrie in Ostdeutschland nachgewiesen. Insbesondere die Standorte Bitterfeld-Wolfen, Freiberg/Dresden, Erfurt/Arnstadt sowie der Raum Berlin-Brandenburg stellen Zentren der ostdeutschen PV-Industrie dar. Im Wettbewerb der verschiedenen regionalen PV-Cluster um Produktion und Beschäftigung erweist sich die Herausbildung von Agglomerationsvorteilen als ein zentraler Standortvorteil. Ziel dieses Beitrags i...

  13. Official showguide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This national petroleum show was an opportunity for companies from around the world to showcase their products and services and to demonstrate the world's best in energy technologies. This official showguide lists the technical presentations made at the show, and provides an exhibitor profile for each company, including the company name, address, phone and fax number, and a brief description of the product or services they offer. An alphabetical listing of approximately 900 companies and their booth locations is also included

  14. What Can Officials Learn From Temporary Overseas Civil Service?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    On November 22, Beijing’s Dongcheng District for the first time announced a 20-year official training program. The program says the district will send civil servants to perform temporary service in multinational companies, international organizations and

  15. News & Announcements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    /TD/TDhome.html. This site also has links to JCE guidelines for prospective authors. Volunteers should contact Vitz by the medium of their preference: Ed Vitz, Editor, Tested Demonstrations, Journal of Chemical Education, Department of Chemistry, Kutztown University, Kutztown, PA 19530; phone: 610/683-4443; fax: 610/683-1352; email: vitz@kutztown.edu. Awards Announced ACS Regional Awards in High School Chemistry Teaching The American Chemical Society has announced winners of regional awards in high school chemistry teaching for 1999. Winners have demonstrated excellence in teaching, exceptional ability to challenge and inspire students, extracurricular work, and willingness to keep up to date in the field. The award consists of two certificates (one for the recipient, the other for display at the recipient's school) and a cash prize of 1,000. Thomas W. Adams, Indiana Academy for Science, Mathematics & Humanities at Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana: Central Region Arthur J. Crumm, Barstow School, Kansas City, Missouri: Midwest Region Esther H. Freeman, Tabb High School, Yorktown, Virginia: Southeast Region Joan A. Laredo-Liddell, St. Barnabas High School, Bronx, New York: Middle Atlantic Region, 1998 David T. Lee, Mountain Lakes High School, Mountain Lakes, New Jersey: Middle Atlantic Region, 1999 Diane Coley McGann, Santa Ana High School, Santa Ana, California: Western Region William J. Pilotte, Newington High School, Newington, Connecticut: Northeast Region Judith C. Seydel, Idaho Falls High School, Idaho Falls, Idaho: Northwest Region Brenda A. Wolpa, Canyon Del Oro High School, Tucson, Arizona: Southwest/Rocky Mountain Region NSF Distinguished Public Service Award As a part of its celebration in 2000 of its half-century in existence, the National Science Foundation has announced the recipient of its Distinguished Public Service Award. Samuel P. Massie, U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland (Emeritus) 1999 Ford Foundation Fellowships The National Academies have announced the

  16. Official announcement concerning the Member States' duty to report to their national authorities in compliance with the safeguards measures defined in Art. 79, section 2 of the EURATOM Treaty

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Article 79, section 1 of the EURATOM Treaty determines the reporting duties relating to the ores, source materials or special fissionable materials produced, carried, or used by Member States. Article 79, section 2 provides that Member States report not only to the EC Commission in compliance with Art. 78 and Art. 79, (1), but also to certain authorities in their country. The announcement specifies the German authorities for this purpose. Imports or exports of special fissionable materials or source materials also have to be reported to the Federal Office for the Economy (Bundesamt fuer Wirtschaft). (HP)

  17. Vector-borne pathogens in dogs and red foxes from the federal state of Brandenburg, Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liesner, Jana M; Krücken, Jürgen; Schaper, Roland; Pachnicke, Stefan; Kohn, Barbara; Müller, Elisabeth; Schulze, Christoph; von Samson-Himmelstjerna, Georg

    2016-07-15

    Dirofilaria repens is endemic in eastern and southern European regions but was recently found in Germany in dogs, mosquitoes and one human patient. Since some of the positive dog and mosquito samples were collected in Brandenburg, it was aimed to systematically assess the prevalence of D. repens and other canine vector-borne pathogens in Brandenburg. Dog owners also received a questionnaire and were asked to provide more information about the dogs including travel history. In total, 1023 dog blood samples as well as 195 fox spleen and 179 fox blood samples were collected. DNA was analysed by PCR for the presence of filariae, piroplasms, anaplasmataceae and Rickettsia spp. Filariae were detected in six dogs (0.6%), two were positive for DNA from D. repens, two from Dirofilaria immitis and two from Acanthocheilonema reconditum. One of the D. repens positive dogs originated from an animal shelter in Brandenburg, but the origin of the other one remained unknown. Interestingly, both D. repens ITS-1 sequences showed 100% identity to a D. repens sample obtained from a Japanese woman that travelled in Europe and were 97% identical to a newly proposed species Dirofilaria sp. 'hongkongensis' described from Hong Kong. However, identity to other D. repens sequences from Thailand was considerably lower (81%). Identity of 12S rRNA and cytochrome oxidase I to D. repens samples from southern Europe was 99%. Due to the low number of Dirofilaria spp. positive dogs and since the origin of these was unknown, endemic occurrence of Dirofilaria in Brandenburg could not be confirmed. Anaplasma phagocytophilum was found in 15 dogs (1.5%), Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis in three dogs (0.3%) and E. canis in one dog (0.1%), which was co-infected with D. repens. Rickettsia spp. were detected in 8 dogs (0.8%), seven were Rickettsia raoultii and one was Rickettsia felis. To the author's knowledge, R. raoultii DNA was detected for the first time in dogs in Germany in this study and Candidatus

  18. Vector-borne pathogens in dogs and red foxes from the federal state of Brandenburg, Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liesner, Jana M; Krücken, Jürgen; Schaper, Roland; Pachnicke, Stefan; Kohn, Barbara; Müller, Elisabeth; Schulze, Christoph; von Samson-Himmelstjerna, Georg

    2016-07-15

    Dirofilaria repens is endemic in eastern and southern European regions but was recently found in Germany in dogs, mosquitoes and one human patient. Since some of the positive dog and mosquito samples were collected in Brandenburg, it was aimed to systematically assess the prevalence of D. repens and other canine vector-borne pathogens in Brandenburg. Dog owners also received a questionnaire and were asked to provide more information about the dogs including travel history. In total, 1023 dog blood samples as well as 195 fox spleen and 179 fox blood samples were collected. DNA was analysed by PCR for the presence of filariae, piroplasms, anaplasmataceae and Rickettsia spp. Filariae were detected in six dogs (0.6%), two were positive for DNA from D. repens, two from Dirofilaria immitis and two from Acanthocheilonema reconditum. One of the D. repens positive dogs originated from an animal shelter in Brandenburg, but the origin of the other one remained unknown. Interestingly, both D. repens ITS-1 sequences showed 100% identity to a D. repens sample obtained from a Japanese woman that travelled in Europe and were 97% identical to a newly proposed species Dirofilaria sp. 'hongkongensis' described from Hong Kong. However, identity to other D. repens sequences from Thailand was considerably lower (81%). Identity of 12S rRNA and cytochrome oxidase I to D. repens samples from southern Europe was 99%. Due to the low number of Dirofilaria spp. positive dogs and since the origin of these was unknown, endemic occurrence of Dirofilaria in Brandenburg could not be confirmed. Anaplasma phagocytophilum was found in 15 dogs (1.5%), Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis in three dogs (0.3%) and E. canis in one dog (0.1%), which was co-infected with D. repens. Rickettsia spp. were detected in 8 dogs (0.8%), seven were Rickettsia raoultii and one was Rickettsia felis. To the author's knowledge, R. raoultii DNA was detected for the first time in dogs in Germany in this study and Candidatus

  19. Zur Beteiligung der Eichenfraßgesellschaft am Schadgeschehen in den Eichenbeständen 2004 in Brandenburg

    OpenAIRE

    Möller, Katrin

    2008-01-01

    Die Gefährdung der Eiche durch biotische Schaderreger ist in der einschlägigen Fachliteratur umfänglich beschrieben (u.a. PATOKA 1980, HARTMANN 1995, ALTENKIRCH et al. 2000). Im Jahr 2004 rückte die Fraßgesellschaft der Eiche im Zusammenhang mit den beobachteten „Austriebsdepressionen“ in den besonderen Fokus der Waldschutzüberwachung in Brandenburg. Im Mai 2004 gab es aus allen Ämtern für Forstwirtschaft Brandenburgs Meldungen über massive Austriebsstörungen, d.h. die Terminalknospen waren n...

  20. Key Obama officials leave administration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Showstack, Randy

    2013-01-01

    Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar is one of the latest members of the Obama administration to announce that he is leaving his position near the start of President Obama's second term in office. Salazar, who has served as interior secretary since January 2009, intends to leave the department by the end of March, the department noted on 16 January. Salazar joins a number of other key officials who are planning to leave the administration. They include Environmental Protection Agency administrator Lisa Jackson, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration administrator Jane Lubchenco, and U.S. Geological Survey director Marcia McNutt.

  1. Editorial announcement

    OpenAIRE

    Parks, William

    2014-01-01

    William C Parks Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USAI would like to announce the arrival of Metalloproteinases in Medicine, a new open access peer-reviewed journal published by Dove Medical Press. Metalloproteinases In Medicine is an international journal that provides a platform for discussion and dissemination of new knowledge about the role that metalloproteinases (inclusive of matrix metalloproteinases, the ADAM [A Disintegrin And Metalloproteinase] family, the ADAMTS [A Disi...

  2. Estimated prevalence of Echinococcus multilocularis in raccoon dogs Nyctereutes procyonoides in northern Brandenburg, Germany

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sabine SCHWARZ; Astrid SUTOR; Christoph STAUBACH; Roswitha MATTIS; Kirsten TACKMANN; Franz Josef CONRATHS

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Human alveolar echinococcosis,caused by the larval stage of the small fox tapeworm,is a lethal zoonotic infection if left untreated.F,multilocularis is distributed in the Northern Hemisphere and lives in the small intestines of carnivores,mainly canids.The main definitive host of E.multilocularis in European countries is the red fox Vulpes vulpes and in the last ten years new endemic areas for the parasite in Central Europe have been identified.In some areas,for instance in Germany,the raccoon dog Nyctereutes procyonoides-a spreading neozoon-must be regarded as an additional definitive host for E.multilocularis.In 2001 this parasite was found for the fast time in raccoon dogs in the Federal State of Brandenburg,Germany.Between 2000 and 2008,1,252 raccoon dogs from Brandenburg were examined by the Intestinal Scraping Technique.The majority of samples were obtained in five northern counties and all 60 animals that tested positive for E.multilocularis were located there.The estimated true prevalence calculated by a beta-binomial-model ranged from 6%-12% [Current Zoology 57 (5):655-661,2011].

  3. Official announcement of the directive on protection of nuclear power plant equipped with LWR-type reactors from human intrusion or other interference by third parties. Announcement of BMU (German Federal Ministry Environment), of 6 Dec. 1995 - RS I 3 13151 - 6/14

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An operating permit for a nuclear power plant is to be granted only if the applicant and facility operator presents evidence guaranteeing the legally required physical protection and other security measures for protection from human instrusion and other type of interference. As a basis for review and licensing, the competent authorities in 1987 have issued a directive specifying the requirements to be met for physical protection of nuclear power plant equipped with PWR-type reactors, and in 1994 followed a second, analogous directive relating to nuclear power plant with BWR-type reactors. The directive now announced for physical protection of nuclear power plant equipped with LWR-type reactors combines and replaces the two former ones, and from the date of the announcement is the only applicable directive. The text of the directive is not reproduced for reasons of secrecy protection. (orig./CB)

  4. Mortalität von Nicht-ST-Hebungs-Myokardinfarkten im Vergleich zu ST-Hebungs-Myokardinfarkten anhand des Myokardinfarktregisters Brandenburg

    OpenAIRE

    Brand, Till

    2010-01-01

    Objectives: In 2000 the European Society of Cardiology revised their guidelines for acute coronary syndromes. Primarily by troponin measurement more patients with myocardial infarction are identified. In order to analyze and to improve patient’s treatment situation in Brandenburg region (Germany) the Brandenburg Myocardial Infarction Registry was founded. Methods: Between 1/1/2000 and 31/7/2001 2391 patients in 5 cardiac centres und 13 primary care hospitals were collected. In this dissertati...

  5. No evidence of Dirofilaria repens infection in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides) from Brandenburg, Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Härtwig, Vera; Schulze, Christoph; Pfeffer, Martin; Daugschies, Arwid; Dyachenko, Viktor

    2016-02-01

    Dirofilaria (D.) repens is a nematode causing dirofilariasis in dogs, cats and in humans. Red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides) are well-known wildlife reservoirs for zoonotic diseases. These two species are highly abundant in Germany, frequently exposed to vector mosquitoes and potentially susceptible to Dirofilaria infections. To obtain data about D. repens infections in these animals, red fox and raccoon dog carcasses (hunted or found dead) were collected from January to September 2009 in the Federal State of Brandenburg, Germany. Lung tissue samples were subjected to DNA extraction and examined for the presence of Dirofilaria DNA by means of D. repens-specific PCR. D. repens-specific DNA could not be amplified from the lungs of red foxes (n = 122; 0%) nor from the lungs of raccoon dogs (n = 13; 0%), suggesting a limited role if a role at all in the natural transmission cycle of D. repens in Brandenburg.

  6. Disney explains Bach: a pedagogic unit on the Fifth Brandenburg Concerto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giorgio Pagannone

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article illustrates a pedagogic unit on music listening that is centered on the first movement of the Fifth Brandenburg Concerto by Bach and is aimed at primary school pupils. The selected concert is of historical importance for the prominent role assumed by the harpsichord in comparison to the other two soloists (flute and violin. The didactic “bridge” that is useful to deal with this piece and carve out the cognitive contents ad hoc has been identified by Giorgio Pagannone in Walt Disney’s animated cartoon, Three Little Pigs (1933, based on a fairy tale of the same name.First, we present and analyse  the music piece and animated cartoon. Next, we provide a detailed and articulated description of the pedagogic unit, that was adopted by Silvia Cancedda in a primary school in Bologna (Italy and produced very good results such as the intuitive reading of selected score fragments. The appendix includes some of the works done by the pupils.

  7. A spatial and seasonal description of return-levels for the Berlin-Brandenburg region (Germany)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Madlen; Rust, Henning W.; Ulbrich, Uwe

    2016-04-01

    Extreme precipitation events have a strong impact on the environment, society and economy. Besides the direct effect, e.g. damage due to hail, extreme precipitation can cause flood events, mudslides and increased erosion, which in turn lead to serious damage. Typically, return levels derived from annual maxima of daily precipitation sums are used for the design of hydraulic structures or for risk assessment in insurance companies. Seasonally or monthly resolved return levels are rarely considered, although they provide additional information: the higher temporal resolution can be beneficial for risk management, e.g. for agriculture or tourism sector. In addition, annual return levels derived from monthly maxima offer lower uncertainties, since a larger data basis are used for estimation. Here, the generalized extreme value distribution (GEV) is used to calculate monthly resolved return levels for 323 stations in the region Berlin-Brandenburg (Germany). Instead of estimating the parameters of the GEV for each month separately, the seasonal variation is captured by harmonic functions. This natural approach is particularly suitable for an efficient characterization of the seasonal variation of extreme precipitation. In a first step, a statistical model is developed for each station separately to estimate the monthly return levels. Besides the seasonal smoothness, also smoothness in space is exploited here. We use functions of longitude, latitude and altitude to describe the spatial variation of GEV parameters in the second step. Thus, uncertainty is reduced at gauges with short time series and estimates for ungauged sites can be obtained in a meaningful way.

  8. News & Announcements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-08-01

    News from Journal House National Chemistry Week (NCW) Celebrating Chemistry and Art is the theme of NCW 2001, to be held November 4-10, 2001. As you make plans for participating in the celebrations in your area, keep in mind that JCE is developing special materials on this theme, which will appear in our October issue: Classroom Activities, a comprehensive Illustrated Resource Paper, Report from Online, specially written brief articles illustrated in color, articles related to the theme, and CLIPs (Chemical Laboratory Information Profiles). Awards Announced Passer Award Passer Award recipients from the April 1 closing date are: George Bennett, Millikin University, Decatur, IL Daniel Berger, Bluffton College, Bluffton, OH Karen Dunlap, Sierra College, Rocklin, CA Myung-Hoon Kim, Georgia Perimeter College, Dunwoody, GA Cheryl Longfellow, Philadelphia University, Philadelphia, PA Jerry Maas, Oakton Community College, Des Plaines, IL Tim Royappa, University of West Florida, Pensacola, FL Visiting Scientist Award, Western Connecticut Section Diane Bunce, The Catholic University of America, has been selected as the 2001 Visiting Scientist of the Western Connecticut Section of the ACS. The award, presented annually since 1967, brings an outstanding chemical educator to visit high schools in Fairfield County, CT. In May, Bunce visited three high schools, Christian Heritage School, Fairfield High School, and Greenwich High School, where she interacted with teachers and students and presented lectures and demonstrations to several chemistry classes. She was also keynote speaker at the ACS local section's Education Night. The awardee is selected by a committee of university and high school teachers, industrial chemists, and the previous Visiting Scientist; there is an honorarium of 1500 plus expenses. Welch Award Roger D. Kornberg, a professor of structural biology at the Stanford University School of Medicine, received the 2001 Welch Award for his discovery of the nucleosome

  9. News & Announcements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-02-01

    . Works well. Activity:CD Light: An Introduction to Spectroscopy. J. Chem. Educ. 1998, 75, 1568A (December 1998). Workshop?yes Booth?yes, with colored plastic onlynot solutions Notes:Can be difficult to measure and cut cardboard for spectroscope. Pre-made spectroscopes and partially constructed ones to show method could be provided. Needs good light source to work well. Activity:Cleaning Up with Chemistry: Investigating the Action of Zeolite in Laundry Detergent. J. Chem. Educ. 1999, 76, 1461A (October 1999). Workshop?yes Booth?could demonstrate tubes of soapy water with and without zeolite Notes:Need access to water. Quick and easy. More information about JCE Classroom Activities is available on JCE Online at: http://jchemed.chem.wisc.edu/AboutJCE/Features/JCE_CA/. Here you will find the notes described above and a list of all published Classroom Activities. The site is updated regularly. Awards Announced United Nations Environment Program The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) has selected Mario J. Molina, professor of earth, atmosphere, and planetary sciences at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, as the winner of the 1999 UNEP Sasakawa Environment Prize. The prize, worth $200,000, is for his outstanding global contributions in the field of atmospheric chemistry. ACS Northeastern Section The Northeastern Section of the American Chemical Society has awarded the Henry A. Hill Award to Morton Z. Hoffman, professor of chemistry at Boston University. The award is given annually to a member of the section for outstanding service. Award Deadlines Mettler-Toledo Thermal Analysis Education Grant Mettler-Toledo has established a grant to honor Edith A. Turi of the Polymer Research Institute, Polytechnic University, Brooklyn, NY, for her lifelong contribution to the cause of thermal analysis education. The grant will be awarded on an annual basis to not-for-profit organizations in North America that confer degrees up to the Ph. D. level and provide or intend to provide

  10. Efficacy of selected anthelmintic drugs against cyathostomins in horses in the federal state of Brandenburg, Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Juliane K; Hinney, Barbara; Denwood, Matthew J; Traversa, Donato; von Samson-Himmelstjerna, Georg; Clausen, Peter-Henning

    2015-12-01

    Cyathostomins are currently the most common internal parasites of horses. With the intensive use of anthelmintic drugs over the past decades, resistance of cyathostomins to anthelmintics is becoming a growing problem in many countries. The aim of this study was to assess the current situation on horse farms in the German federal state of Brandenburg. A pre-selected population of horses from 24 premises that had shown a prevalence of cyathostomins higher than the average in a previous study was examined for anthelmintic efficacy. Faecal egg count reduction tests (FECRTs) were performed for ivermectin (IVM) and pyrantel (PYR). For IVM, the egg reappearance period (ERP) was also examined, as a shortened ERP can be indicative of developing resistance. The efficacy of IVM on cyathostomins was high: 99.1 % of 224 horses had a zero egg count 14 days after treatment. No shortening of the ERP was detected. For the data of the FECRT for PYR, three different methods of calculation were employed: (a) the method as recommended by the World Association for the Advancement of Veterinary Parasitology (WAAVP), (b) a bootstrapping method and (c) a Markov chain Monte Carlo method. Two methods of interpretation for these data were used: Resistance was declared (a) when FECR was <90 % and the lower 95 % confidence interval (LCL) <80 % and (b) when additionally the upper 95 % confidence level (UCL) was <95 %. When applying the first interpretation, resistance against PYR was found on four yards, while, when considering the UCL, all three methods for calculation only detected resistance on one single yard. Twelve species of cyathostomins were detected in larval cultures derived from strongyle egg positive faecal samples collected 14 days after treatment with PYR by reverse line blot hybridization (RLB). In order to generate comparable data, it is suggested to establish international standards for the calculation of FECRT data. PMID:26337266

  11. Historic land use and land use changes in Lower Lusatia (Brandenburg, East Germany)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicolay, A.; Raab, A.; Raab, T. A.; Rösler, H.; Bönisch, E.

    2011-12-01

    In the apron of the active lignite open cast mine Jänschwalde (Lower Lusatia, Brandenburg, East Germany) geoscientists from the BTU Cottbus and archaeologists from the Brandenburgisches Landesamt für Denkmalpflege und Archäologisches Landesmuseum jointly investigate the impact of prehistoric and historic land use on the landscape. In the study area evidence of different land use and land use change is abundant. Amongst others, the presumably largest charcoal production area in Germany was found which was used from medieval to modern times. Charcoal burning and related activities certainly had tremendous environmental impacts. Archaeological surveys and excavations offer excellent outcrop situations. Fieldwork started in 2010 and concentrates on an area where aeolian drift and coversands are widespread. We assume that the formation of these aeolian coversands is the result of deforestation for charcoal burning and agricultural land use. To study pedology, geomorphology and landscape development on a landscape scale several up to 150 m long and 2 m depth cross-sections were carried out. Field methods include topographical surveying (by differential GPS) and the description of soils and sediments. Laboratory methods (e.g., soil texture, TOC, contents of pedogenic oxides) are carried out for soil characterization. In addition, for chronological information radiocarbon (14C) and optical stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating as well as dendrochronological age determinations are applied on selected materials. Our preliminary results from several cross-sections show that the landscape was used in different ways. Buried topsoil horizons of the Roman Imperial period (50-315 AD) and the Migration period (375-600 AD) are found. Moreover agricultural soil horizons from the Slavic medieval period (600-1200 AD) are present. The former topsoils are covered by 10-150 cm thick aeolian drift sands which can be differentiated by pedological and sedimentological means into two phases

  12. Sustainable Digitalization of Cultural Heritage—Report on Initiatives and Projects in Brandenburg, Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulf Preuss

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available While digitalization opens up new possibilities for cultural heritage and tourism it also brings new challenges. Initiatives such as “Europeana”, an internet portal for cultural heritage within the European Union, support institutions with the display of their collections. National initiatives complement these efforts. This report describes initiatives and projects for generating and sustaining digital cultural heritage resources in the German state of Brandenburg. With the cultural heritage distributed throughout the state and managed by hundreds of institutions, the task of digitalization is a common challenge for all of these institutions. Digitalization and digital sustainability is limited by shortcomings in areas of human resources, knowledge and IT infrastructure. In light of these limitations, the cultural heritage community addresses challenges with an interdisciplinary approach. It is based on a collaborative model with four levels: (1 a statewide strategy of an interdisciplinary task force; (2 cooperative projects; (3 cooperative IT infrastructure; and (4 an overall coordination. The priorities are: (1 creating and displaying digital content; (2 establishing best practices and workflows; (3 developing cooperative infrastructures for sustainment. Since 2012, several projects have been implemented based on that collaborative model. More than 50 participating institutions benefited from cooperative planning, managing, digitizing and digital presentation. With regard to the third priority, the task force’s next step is finding solutions for digital preservation. Considering the lack of funding and resources in the cultural heritage sector, options for creating and sustaining digital resources are limited. Digital cultural heritage requires interdisciplinary thinking, cooperative initiatives, reliable IT infrastructures and additional funding.

  13. [Recommendation for rehabilitation measures of elderly disabled patients by the medical service of hospital insurance in Berlin and Brandenburg].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolf, N; Matthesius, G

    1998-02-01

    According to the German Nursing Care insurance law (Pflegeversicherungsgesetz) experts of the Medical Advisory Board of the statutory sickness funds (Medizinischer Dienst der Krankenversicherung, MDK) must consider recommending rehabilitative measures for persons in need of nursing care. This study measures the proportion of proposed rehabilitative therapies (physiotherapy, ergotherapy, speech therapy) as well as clinical and non-clinical predictors for these recommendations. The study population of the cross-sectional study consisted of all persons aged 60 years and older in Berlin and Brandenburg for whom the MDK experts had diagnosed a need for nursing care (stages I to III) by means of home visits in the second half of 1995. Data on recommendations and potential predictors were taken from the expert records. Recommendation rates were 6.6% (physiotherapy), 0.7% (ergotherapy) and 0.8% (speech therapy) respectively, for Berlin and Brandenburg taken together. While clinical variables (impairments and disabilities) had a considerable impact on the recommendations, also non-clinical variations were noted. Physiotherapy recommendation rates differed 3-fold by region (Brandenburg: 10.3%; Berlin: 3.4%). Variations also existed for age (60-70 years: 10.7%; > 90 years: 2.5%) and the presence of a professional care institution (present: 8.6%; not present: 5.4%). The strongest effect had an already existing prescription of physiotherapy from the patient's physician (current physiotherapy: 23.5%, no current physiotherapy: 4.6%). Multiple logistic regression demonstrated that these variables had independent effects after accounting for their overlapping influences and clinical characteristics. Variations of physiotherapy recommendation rates were also found for profession of the MDK experts (physician: 5.9%; nurse: 9.2%; physician and nurse together: 7%), but the effects were only partially independent. The observed low rates of recommended physiotherapy, ergotherapy and

  14. News & Announcements

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-09-01

    provided as a part of the telephone order; when the new account is active, the account information will be emailed. Remember to Provide Your Email Address Knowing your email address has become important for Journal communication. In addition to account information, we will send an order confirmation to each subscriber who provides an email address. For those who want it, we intend, in the near future, to send an email message announcing when each month's issue goes online. We do not sell or give email addresses to anyone else. Keeping Up to Date with JCE Online JCE Online will continue to change and expand, as the technology around us changes and as new features and columns are added. The best way to keep abreast of new developments is to look for the JCE Online column in both print and online. Jon Holmes, editor of JCE Online, uses this column to keep readers in touch with the latest happenings: JCE Online FAQs (March 1999, p 446) JCE Online 99 (April 1999, p 584) JCE Feature Columns (May 1999, p 718) Molecular Modeling (June 1999, p 871) JCE: A Good Deal That Keeps Getting Better If you carry copies of JCE around in hopes of finding time to read them, you may think they are getting heavierand they are. Your Journal was more than a third bigger in 1998 than it was in 1995! We have printed more pages every year since 1996 (see graph for the past 25 years). We estimate that you will receive more than 2000 pages this year and even more next year. This is more pages than at any time in the Journal 's history, excepting the four years 1929-1932, when the pages were smaller. We are printing more pages because we need to. We have many good manuscripts that have been peer reviewed and accepted and now are awaiting publication in print. The time between acceptance of a manuscript and its publication is already too long. Unless we print more pages, it will grow longer. For the past three years we have been slowly but steadily reducing this publication lag, and we don't want to stop

  15. Must Officials Microblog?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Nowadays,Twitter-like microblogging is no longer strange for government officials in China.China Youth Daily reported more than 1,300 officials have opened real-name microblogs on Sina microblog. And there are now more than 2,000 microblogs of government

  16. Estimated prevalence of Echinococcus multilocularis in rac-coon dogs Nyctereutes procyonoides in northern Branden-burg, Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabine SCHWARZ, Astrid SUTOR, Christoph STAUBACH, Roswitha MATTIS, Kirsten TACKMANN, Franz Josef CONRATHS

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Human alveolar echinococcosis, caused by the larval stage of the small fox tapeworm, is a lethal zoonotic infection if left untreated. E. multilocularis is distributed in the Northern Hemisphere and lives in the small intestines of carnivores, mainly canids. The main definitive host of E. multilocularis in European countries is the red fox (Vulpes vulpes and in the last ten years new endemic areas for the parasite in Central Europe have been identified. In some areas, for instance in Germany, the raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides - a spreading neozoon - must be regarded as an additional definitive host for E. multilocularis. In 2001 this parasite was found for the first time in raccoon dogs in the Federal State of Brandenburg, Germany. Between 2000 and 2008, 1,252 raccoon dogs from Brandenburg were examined by the Intestinal Scraping Technique. The majority of samples were obtained in five northern counties and all 60 animals that tested positive for E. multilocularis were located there. The estimated true prevalence calculated by a beta-binomial- model ranged from 6%–12% [Current Zoology 57 (5: 655–661, 2011].

  17. Are renewable resources an energy source for Brandenburg?. A discussion paper on possible alternative employment opportunities in the renewable resources sector in rural areas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study contributes to clarifying the following: What short-, medium- and long-term measures are required in selected sectors for the cultivation, conditioning and use of renewable energy sources and, especially, what effects are, thereby, to be obtained on the labour market of the Land Brandenburg especially at the regional level. (orig.)

  18. Modeling Urban Air Quality in the Berlin-Brandenburg Region: Evaluation of a WRF-Chem Setup

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuik, F.; Churkina, G.; Butler, T. M.; Lauer, A.; Mar, K. A.

    2015-12-01

    Air pollution is the number one environmental cause of premature deaths in Europe. Despite extensive regulations, air pollution remains a challenging issue, especially in urban areas. For studying air quality in the Berlin-Brandenburg region of Germany the Weather Research and Forecasting Model with Chemistry (WRF-Chem) is set up and evaluated against meteorological and air quality observations from monitoring stations as well as from a field campaign conducted in 2014 (incl. black carbon, VOCs as well as mobile measurements of particle size distribution and particle mass). The model setup includes 3 nested domains with horizontal resolutions of 15km, 3km, and 1km, online biogenic emissions using MEGAN 2.0, and anthropogenic emissions from the TNO-MACC-II inventory. This work serves as a basis for future studies on different aspects of air pollution in the Berlin-Brandenburg region, including how heat waves affect emissions of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOC) from urban vegetation (summer 2006) and the impact of selected traffic measures on air quality in the Berlin-Brandenburg area (summer 2014). The model represents the meteorology as observed in the region well for both periods. An exception is the heat wave period in 2006, where the temperature simulated with 3km and 1km resolutions is biased low by around 2°C for urban built-up stations. First results of simulations with chemistry show that, on average, WRF-Chem simulates concentrations of O3 well. However, the 8 hr maxima are underestimated, and the minima are overestimated. While NOx daily means are modeled reasonably well for urban stations, they are overestimated for suburban stations. PM10 concentrations are underestimated by the model. The biases and correlation coefficients of simulated O3, NOx, and PM10 in comparison to surface observations do not show improvements for the 1km domain in comparison to the 3km domain. To improve the model performance of the 1km domain we will include an

  19. Responses of agricultural bioenergy sectors in Brandenburg (Germany) to climate, economic and legal changes: An application of Holling's adaptive cycle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Agricultural bioenergy production is subject to dynamics such as yield fluctuations, volatile prices, resource competition, new regulation and policy, innovation and climate change. This raises questions, to what extent bioenergy production is able to adapt to changes and overcome critical events. These dynamics have important implications for effective policy development. Using a case study method, which draws on various data sources, we investigate in detail how agricultural bioenergy sectors in the German State of Brandenburg adapted to diverse past events. The case analysis rests on the adaptive-cycle concept and the system properties potential, connectedness and resilience as defined by . Our case study concludes that Brandenburg's biogas sector has a low potential and connectedness within the system, and a low resilience against crop failures. The biofuels sector displays similar properties in the short term. In the medium term the potential could increase in both sectors. The properties imply risks and opportunities for biogas production and the possibility to develop towards a stage with a higher potential and a higher connectedness. But adaptive capacity is limited and there are certain barriers for the agricultural bioenergy sectors to overcome potentially critical states. Policy needs to be tailored accordingly. - Highlights: ► Bioenergy sectors respond to climatic, economic and legal changes in different ways. ► Responses to changes expose critical features and bottlenecks of bioenergy sectors. ► Resilience, potential and connectedness are critical features for bioenergy sectors. ► Stages of development of the biogas and biofuel production sectors are identified. ► Effective policy design needs to match the sectors' features and development stages.

  20. What Can Officials Learn From Temporary Overseas Civil Service?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ On November 22, Beijing's Dongcheng District for the first time announced a 20-year official training program. The program says the district will send civil servants to perform temporary service in multinational companies, international organizations and in the governmental sectors of the United States and other developed countries. The annual budget for the temporary overseas civil service program is estimated at 50 million yuan ($7.5 million).

  1. [Lange, Thomas. Zwischen Reformation und Untergang Alt-Livlands. Der Rigaer Erzbischof Wilhelm von Brandenburg im Beziehungsgeflecht der livländischen Konföderation und ihrer Nachbarländer] / Madis Maasing

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maasing, Madis, 1984-

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Lange, Thomas. Zwischen Reformation und Untergang Alt-Livlands. Der Rigaer Erzbischof Wilhelm von Brandenburg im Beziehungsgeflecht der livländischen Konföderation und ihrer Nachbarländer

  2. NAGWS Volleyball Guide, 1989. Official Rules & Interpretations/Officiating.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, Reston, VA. National Association for Girls and Women in Sport.

    This booklet contains the official rules and interpretations for officiating in volleyball competitions. Section 1 states the National Association for Girls and Women in Sport (NAGWS) interscholastic and collegiate volleyball rules for 1989-90. Section 2 presents a summary and descriptions of officiating techniques and mechanics. Study questions…

  3. Figurines of Female Officials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    Burying living people with the dead was a practice which existed in China for several thousand years. With the development of civilization, figurines began to take the place of people. Since the Qin and Han dynasties in the Third Century, officials and rich people usually prepared figurines made of wood, mud or clay, to be buried with them after their death. This practice ended in the-Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).

  4. Processing Trade Banned Commodities announced

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ The new catalogue of processing trade-banned commodities was announced recently. The announcement was executed since November 22 of 2006. The Catalogue will be adjusted according to related policies of the state.

  5. Defragmenting the effect of major news announcements on financial markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ikhlaas Gurrib

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The issue of High Frequency Trading (HFT and its impact on financial markets is hitting the headlines hard nowadays. This paper looks at the effects of three major news announcements on two major currency pairs namely the Australian dollar against the US dollar and the Euro against the US dollar. The three major news announcements are the cash rate from the Reserve Bank of Australia, the minimum bid rate from European Central Bank (ECB and the official bank rate from the Bank of England.  A one minute data interval analysis is used over a time period of four years.  Findings suggest the effects of the specific news under analysis to be insignificant for a trader to benefit from the fluctuations in the two major currency markets. The use of other macroeconomic news or higher frequency data is warranted to defragment the effects of major news announcements further.

  6. CAS announces new academicians

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Twenty-nine prominent Chinese scientists have been elected as CAS Members and five of their colleagues from US, France and Russia as CAS Foreign Members in 2007. The announcement was made by CAS Vice President LI Jinghai at a press conference held on 27 December, 2007 in Beijing. CAS President LU Yongxiang was present at the meeting.

  7. Officials Under Pressure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    In 2004, the most frequently used phrase in the Chinese news media was ""governance ability."" Chinese communists raised this premise of building a governance ability, and attached to it the utmost importance as regards the fate of the Party and the nation. Within this concept, ability to govern is neither innate nor a skill that can be learned once and for all, but something which must constantly be examined, tested and improved. To the people, it seems that these days being an official is an honorable but onerous occupation.

  8. Non-official mail

    CERN Multimedia

    Mail Office

    2006-01-01

    The Mail Office wishes to remind users of the mail service that the latter is reserved exclusively for the Organization's official mail. Private mail, even if stamped, does not fall into this category, and any mail of this nature found in the 'Outgoing Mail' or 'Départ Courrier' boxes will no longer be collected or accepted by the Meyrin or Prévessin Mail Offices. The Mail Office declines all responsibility in the event of losses, delays or any other problems arising as a result of private mail being placed in these boxes. Thank you for your understanding. The Mail Office

  9. Detection of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides) from Brandenburg, Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Härtwig, Vera; von Loewenich, Friederike D; Schulze, Christoph; Straubinger, Reinhard K; Daugschies, Arwid; Dyachenko, Viktor

    2014-04-01

    Anaplasma phagocytophilum is an obligate intracellular and tick-transmitted bacterium, which causes granulocytic anaplasmosis in animals and humans. Although infection with A. phagocytophilum in domestic animals and vector ticks is documented, there is sparse information on the occurrence of A. phagocytophilum in wild animals. Red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) as well as raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides) are wildlife species highly abundant in certain areas of Germany and represent a potential wildlife reservoir for zoonotic diseases. To obtain data about the occurrence of A. phagocytophilum in these animals, red fox and raccoon dog carcasses (hunted or found dead) were collected from January to September 2009 in the Federal State of Brandenburg, Germany. Lung tissue samples were subjected to DNA extraction and were examined for the presence of A. phagocytophilum DNA by means of real-time PCR. Anaplasma phagocytophilum was detected in 10 out of 122 (8.2%) lungs of red foxes and in 3 out of 13 (23%) lungs of raccoon dogs. To the best of our knowledge, A. phagocytophilum was detected for the first time in red foxes and raccoon dogs in Germany.

  10. Evidence of (pre-) historic to modern landscape development and land use history in Lower Lusatia (Brandenburg, Germany)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicolay, Alexander; Raab, Alexandra; Raab, Thomas

    2014-05-01

    In the apron of three active lignite opencast pits in Lower Lusatia (Brandenburg, Germany), archaeological survey trenches were investigated in areas where Quaternary aeolian sand deposits are widespread. The investigated palaeoenvironmental archives in Jänschwalde, Cottbus-Nord and Welzow contain evidence of fluvial and aeolian morphodynamics, soil formation and agricultural land use from (pre-)historic to modern times. To study the age and the causes of sand drifting and landform stabilization, standard soil physical and chemical laboratory analyses as well as optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) and radiocarbon dating (14C) were carried out. Two main sedimentological units were identified: Unit 1 consists of glacio-fluvial and Late Weichselian aeolian sands representing the parent material for the native Podsol-Braunerde and Podsol development, while Unit 2 represents the Late Holocene aeolian deposits. Four periods of Late glacial and Holocene aeolian activity and three phases of geomorphological stability have been identified: (i) Aeolian sedimentation during the Late glacial, (ii) Mesolithic reactivation of aeolian processes, (iii) soil formation until Late Roman Iron Age settlers intensified the agricultural land use, (iv) intensive drift sand formation during the High Middle Ages due to agricultural expansion, (v) stabilization of the drift sands and weak soil formation, (vi) reactivation of aeolian processes due to the increasing wood consumption and charcoal production from the early 16th until the mid-19th century, (vii) surface stabilization and formation of Regosols since the mid-19th century due to afforestation.

  11. Brandenburg 3D - a comprehensive 3D Subsurface Model, Conception of an Infrastructure Node and a Web Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerschke, Dorit; Schilling, Maik; Simon, Andreas; Wächter, Joachim

    2014-05-01

    The Energiewende and the increasing scarcity of raw materials will lead to an intensified utilization of the subsurface in Germany. Within this context, geological 3D modeling is a fundamental approach for integrated decision and planning processes. Initiated by the development of the European Geospatial Infrastructure INSPIRE, the German State Geological Offices started digitizing their predominantly analog archive inventory. Until now, a comprehensive 3D subsurface model of Brandenburg did not exist. Therefore the project B3D strived to develop a new 3D model as well as a subsequent infrastructure node to integrate all geological and spatial data within the Geodaten-Infrastruktur Brandenburg (Geospatial Infrastructure, GDI-BB) and provide it to the public through an interactive 2D/3D web application. The functionality of the web application is based on a client-server architecture. Server-sided, all available spatial data is published through GeoServer. GeoServer is designed for interoperability and acts as the reference implementation of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Web Feature Service (WFS) standard that provides the interface that allows requests for geographical features. In addition, GeoServer implements, among others, the high performance certified compliant Web Map Service (WMS) that serves geo-referenced map images. For publishing 3D data, the OGC Web 3D Service (W3DS), a portrayal service for three-dimensional geo-data, is used. The W3DS displays elements representing the geometry, appearance, and behavior of geographic objects. On the client side, the web application is solely based on Free and Open Source Software and leans on the JavaScript API WebGL that allows the interactive rendering of 2D and 3D graphics by means of GPU accelerated usage of physics and image processing as part of the web page canvas without the use of plug-ins. WebGL is supported by most web browsers (e.g., Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Safari, and Opera). The web

  12. Assessment of the impact of moving fluids on the regional thermal field for the area of Brandenburg (North German Basin)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noack, V.; Scheck-Wenderoth, M.; Cacace, M.; Lewerenz, B.

    2012-04-01

    We present results from numerical simulations of the 3D thermal field for the area of Brandenburg in the North German Basin. The study area encompasses a part of the basin centre in the north, whereas to the south the basin margin is enclosed. Starting with Permocarboniferous volcanic rocks the basin fill is represented by Permian to Cenozoic sediments. A thick layer of mobilized salt (Zechstein, Upper Permian) generated elevated structures such as salt pillows and diapirs. Especially where diapirs pierce their overburden, the overlying deposits are strongly influenced in their thickness and distribution. This special configuration of the Zechstein salt is relevant for the thermal calculations due to the fact that salt has a distinctly higher thermal conductivity than the surrounding sediments and is impermeable to fluid flow. Therefore, the Zechstein salt acts as a conductive chimney for heat and a hydraulic decoupling horizon between the Pre-Permian and the Mesozoic-Cenozoic strata. The latter are characterized by two further quasi-impervious sediment complexes, the Rupelian-clay and the Muschelkalk. These two divide the Post-Permian strata in three main aquifer systems: the Buntsandstein, Keuper to Pre-Rupelian and the Post-Rupelian complex. Based on results from purely conductive modelling we additionally analyse the influence of moving fluids on the shallow temperature field above the Zechstein salt. Therefore coupled fluid flow and heat transfer numerical simulations are carried out to investigate the hydrothermal field. The 3D simulations for the heat transport processes are based on the finite element method. The results indicate that the distribution of thermal conductivities in the basin fill controls the short-wavelength pattern of the temperature distribution whereas the long wavelength pattern results from interaction between the highly conductive crust and low conductive sediments. Furthermore, the results reveal that the shallow temperature field

  13. NAGWS Volleyball Guide 1990: Official Rules & Interpretations/Officiating.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, Reston, VA. National Association for Girls and Women in Sport.

    This guide presents the 1990 update of the National Association for Girls & Women in Sport (NAGWS) interscholastic and collegiate volleyball rules. It includes the official U.S. volleyball rules and a summary of rule changes, definitions of skills and fouls, and a summary of penalties. Officiating techniques and mechanics are covered with a…

  14. 77 FR 2545 - Announcement of the Requirements and Registration for the Healthy New Year Challenge

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-18

    ... Official: Erin Poetter, Consumer e-Health Policy Analyst. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Office of the... stories about how they use health information technology (health IT) or consumer e-health tools to impact.... Winners Announced: Mid-March 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Erin Poetter, Consumer e-Health...

  15. The Change Announcement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broillet, Alexandra; Barchilon, Marian; Kampf, Constance Elizabeth

    Shifting the focus in Change Management as a Field from the best way to send messages to the experience and understanding of the receivers offers a new direction that goes beyond a Management-centric perspective on Change Management Communication. To do this, we examine 61 interviews with employees...... experiencing change about a key communication aspect in Change Management, the Change announcement. These interviews were gathered by professional students as part of the Change Management Course in the MBA program. We use patterns of change communication discussed in the interviews to offer a basis...... for a broader perspective on experiencing change, which includes interaction between the Change Managers and employees in the organization....

  16. Market liquidity around earnings announcements

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pronk, M.

    2002-01-01

    Prior literature indicates that bid-ask spreads are higher and depths are lower around earnings announcements than during non-announcement periods. This thesis investigates two important aspects of this drop in market liquidity, namely (a) the ability of management to mitigate the drop in market liq

  17. Pre-industrial charcoal production in southern Brandenburg - A landscape laboratory for studies on the fate of terrestrial organic carbon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bönisch, Eberhard; Rösler, Horst; Schopper, Franz; Raab, Thomas; Raab, Alexandra

    2010-05-01

    Within the scope of the intensive landscape changes caused by modern lignite mining in southern Brandenburg und northern Saxony (East Germany) large-scale archaeological surveys and excavations are carried out to get information about past land uses and historic to prehistoric cultures. The hunger for energy of modern society leads us to a historical case of energy production: On the Jänschwalde hill area (Jänschwalder Höhe) one of the biggest archaeological investigated charcoal production areas - at least in Germany - was discovered. More than 400 production units (charcoal piles) were excavated during the last years. Approximately 4,000,000 square meters of woodland were necessary to charge those piles. The charcoal was probably used nearby in the iron works of Peitz where bog iron ore was smelted since 1567. The clearing of huge parts of the forest certainly had major environmental impacts and changed the character of the landscape tremendously - not only for the short-term but also on the long-run. At least for a while vegetation was substantially missing in the landscape and the open land was used as farmland although the soils are poor in nutrients and very sandy. Wind-blown sediments covering the charcoal piles traces prove that clearing and agricultural use has induced soil erosion and eolian remobilisation of Quaternary sands. By now the piles are not well dated. One of the main targets of the ongoing investigation is to build up a chronological framework of the local charcoal production. These findings have to be correlated with the major phases of the landscape dynamics which are documented by the relicts of soil erosive landforms, human-induced eolian sediments, and buried soils (palaeosoils). The Jänschwalde area may be used as an ideal test site to study the biogeochemical fate of organic carbon in soils and soil sediments in order to improve our understanding of the abiotic and biotic processes responsible for the cycling of terrestrial carbon

  18. Berlin Brandenburg International (BER: planning and implementation of a concrete supply chain for the airport construction site

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guido Riedel

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: With the decision to extend the airport Berlin-Schönefeld to the new airport Berlin Brandenburg International (BER in 2006, a construction of superlatives has emerged. One of the biggest challenges was the supply of around 2.5 million cubic meters of high quality concrete that had to be produced for the construction of the airport. Due to the scale of this enterprise as well as its environment, the logistic solution of raw material supply has to be found.       Method: The planning of the concrete supply chain for the airport construction site BER had to be carried out with two major goals: the stability of the supply chain to assure that the demands of the construction site are met and delays are prevented, as well as assurance of the high quality standards of the concrete production and to avoid an alkali silica reaction and the resulting unavoidable disaggregation of the concrete. External effects, such as the carbon dioxide emission and the effect of the supply chain on adjoining residents were key factors that had to be integrated in a holistic supply chain concept.  The principle underlying method is an analysis of limiting conditions for two approaches: a centralized supply chain with on-site concrete factory and upstream transport of raw materials versus a decentralized supply chain with off-site factories and downstream transport of ready-mixed concrete. Results: The analysis of constraints and the effects on key requirements of the concrete supply chain for the BER airport construction site lead to the installation of the most modern concrete plant in Europe. The benefits of a centralized supply chain are significant. On one hand, the high quality standards can be met with the on-site mixture of the concrete and centralized quality assurance, on the other hand, the majority of the supply traffic for the construction site was moved from the road to train-bound logistics, meeting the emission requirements of the

  19. [Thomas Lange. Zwischen Reformation und Untergang Alt-Livlands : der Rigaer Erzbischof Wilhelm von Brandenburg im Beziehungsgeflecht der livländischen Konföderation und ihrer Nachbarländer] / Juhan Kreem

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kreem, Juhan, 1971-

    2015-01-01

    Arvustus: Lange, Thomas. Zwischen Reformation und Untergang Alt-Livlands : der Rigaer Erzbischof Wilhelm von Brandenburg im Beziehungsgeflecht der livländischen Konföderation und ihrer Nachbarländer (Hamburger Beiträge zur Geschichte des östlichen Europa)

  20. Declaration and Announcement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Declaration To meet the needs of the national information development and widen the academic exchange channel of the authors, we declare that the journal, PEDOSPHERF,, has joined the databases of Chinese Academic Journal (CD), China Journal Net, and Chinainfo Digital Periodicals. If an author does not agree to include his article in the databases,please make a declaration at the time of contribution. Announcement Since the year 2001, the domestic distributor of PEDOSPHERE will change to the Beijing Bureau for Distribution of Newspapers and Journals, China. The domestic post office distribution No. of PEDOSPHERE is 2-576. For domestic subscribers to PEDOSPHERE,please send your orders to the local post offices in China.

  1. 2 CFR 180.1010 - Suspending official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Suspending official. 180.1010 Section 180.1010 Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET GOVERNMENTWIDE GUIDANCE FOR GRANTS AND...) Definitions § 180.1010 Suspending official. (a) Suspending official means an agency official who is...

  2. 29 CFR 98.1010 - Suspending official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Suspending official. 98.1010 Section 98.1010 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 98.1010 Suspending official. (a) Suspending official means an agency official who is authorized to impose...

  3. 22 CFR 208.1010 - Suspending official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Suspending official. 208.1010 Section 208.1010 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 208.1010 Suspending official. (a) Suspending official means an agency official...

  4. 21 CFR 1404.1010 - Suspending official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Suspending official. 1404.1010 Section 1404.1010 Food and Drugs OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 1404.1010 Suspending official. (a) Suspending official means an agency official...

  5. 34 CFR 85.1010 - Suspending official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... designated by the agency head. (b) Authority: E.O. 12549 (3 CFR, 1986 Comp., p. 189); E.O 12689 (3 CFR, 1989... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Suspending official. 85.1010 Section 85.1010 Education...) Definitions § 85.1010 Suspending official. (a) Suspending official means an agency official who is...

  6. 43 CFR 20.201 - Ethics officials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Department Ethics Program § 20.201 Ethics officials. (a) Designated Agency Ethics Official refers to the official designated under 5 CFR 2638.201 to coordinate and manage the Department's ethics program. (b) The... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Ethics officials. 20.201 Section...

  7. [Big data in official statistics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zwick, Markus

    2015-08-01

    The concept of "big data" stands to change the face of official statistics over the coming years, having an impact on almost all aspects of data production. The tasks of future statisticians will not necessarily be to produce new data, but rather to identify and make use of existing data to adequately describe social and economic phenomena. Until big data can be used correctly in official statistics, a lot of questions need to be answered and problems solved: the quality of data, data protection, privacy, and the sustainable availability are some of the more pressing issues to be addressed. The essential skills of official statisticians will undoubtedly change, and this implies a number of challenges to be faced by statistical education systems, in universities, and inside the statistical offices. The national statistical offices of the European Union have concluded a concrete strategy for exploring the possibilities of big data for official statistics, by means of the Big Data Roadmap and Action Plan 1.0. This is an important first step and will have a significant influence on implementing the concept of big data inside the statistical offices of Germany. PMID:26077871

  8. Human Rights Training for Officials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    OUR STAFF REPORTER

    2011-01-01

    The 9th workshop on human rights held by the State Council Information Office (SCIO) opened in Nanjing,in east China's Jiangsu Province,on August 23.More than 60 officials from across the country and central government agencies participated in the training course,which lasted four days.SCIO Vice Minister Dong Yunhu attended the opening ceremony and gave a speech.

  9. News and Announcements

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-06-01

    1999 EAS Awards The Eastern Analytical Symposium (EAS) announces the winners of their 1999 awards, which will be presented during their annual meeting, to be held November 14-19, 1999, at the Garden State Convention Center in Somerset, NJ. ACS Analytical Chemistry Division, Findeis Young Investigator Award David Clemmer, Indiana University EAS Award for Achievements in Separation Science Milton L. Lee, Brigham Young University EAS Award for Achievements in Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Phil Williams, Grain Research Laboratory, Winnipeg, Canada EAS Award for Achievements in Magnetic Resonance Frank A. L. Anet, University of California, Los Angeles (Emeritus) EAS Award for Outstanding Achievements in the Fields of Analytical Chemistry Catherine Fenselau, University of Maryland at College Park Galactic Industries Award for Achievements in Chemometrics Harald Martens, Norwegian University of Science and Technology Proposal Deadlines National Science Foundation Division of Undergraduate Education (DUE) Course, Curriculum, and Laboratory Improvement (CCLI) June 7, 1999 NSF Collaboratives for Excellence in Teacher Preparation (CETP) Preliminary proposals, Track 1 May 1, 1999 Formal proposals, Track 1 September 1, 1999 DUE online 1999 guidelines, NSF 99-53 available at http://www.nsf.gov/cgi-bin/getpub?nsf9953 For further information about NSF DUE programs consult the DUE Web site, http://www.ehr.nsf.gov/EHR/DUE/start.htm. Program deadlines are at http://www.ehr.nsf.gov/EHR/DUE/programs/programs.htm . To contact the DUE Information Center, phone: 703/306-1666; email: undergrad@nsf.gov. The Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation, Inc. Camille Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar Awards Program: November 16, 1998 Henry Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar Awards Program: July 1, 1999 New Faculty Awards Program: May 14, 1999 Faculty Start-up Grants for Undergraduate Institutions: May 14, 1999 Scholar/Fellow Program for Undergraduate Institutions: July 1, 1999 Special Grant Program in the Chemical Sciences

  10. LEP Celebration : the official programme

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2000-01-01

    At 14:00: Groupe de Jazz "Wolfgang & The Werewolves" . The official programme begins at 15:00 with an introduction from the Director General, and Professor Martinus Veltman will give the keynote speech. Heads of national delegations represented at ministerial level will then make their speeches, following which a commemorative plaque will be unveiled. A specially commissioned ballet by Maurice Béjart will bring the ceremony to a close.

  11. 7 CFR 62.207 - Official assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES (QUALITY SYSTEMS VERIFICATION PROGRAMS) Quality Systems Verification Programs Definitions Service § 62.207 Official assessment. Official assessment of an applicant's program shall include... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE...

  12. 9 CFR 355.8 - Official number.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Official number. 355.8 Section 355.8... IDENTIFICATION AS TO CLASS, QUALITY, QUANTITY, AND CONDITION Inauguration of Inspection § 355.8 Official number. To each plant granted inspection an official number shall be assigned. Such number shall be...

  13. 9 CFR 381.98 - Official seal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Official seal. 381.98 Section 381.98... Certificates; Certification Procedures § 381.98 Official seal. The official mark for use in sealing means of... and a serial number as shown below, and any seals approved by the Administrator for applying such...

  14. 46 CFR 501.11 - Official seal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Official seal. 501.11 Section 501.11 Shipping FEDERAL... Seal § 501.11 Official seal. (a) Description. Pursuant to section 201(c) of the Merchant Marine Act, 1936, as amended (46 U.S.C. 301(d)), the Commission prescribes its official seal, as adopted by...

  15. 39 CFR 3002.3 - Official seal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Official seal. 3002.3 Section 3002.3 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL ORGANIZATION § 3002.3 Official seal. (a) Authority. The Seal described in this section is hereby established as the official seal of the Postal Rate...

  16. 18 CFR 375.103 - Official seal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Official seal. 375.103... OF ENERGY REVISED GENERAL RULES THE COMMISSION General Provisions § 375.103 Official seal. The Commission hereby prescribes as its official seal, judicial notice of which shall be taken pursuant...

  17. 5 CFR 9701.523 - Official time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Official time. 9701.523 Section 9701.523... MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Labor-Management Relations § 9701.523 Official time. (a) Any employee representing an... authorized official time for such purposes, including attendance at impasse proceedings, during the time...

  18. Does timing and announcement matter?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adams, Philip D; Andersen, Lill Thanning; Jacobsen, Lars Bo

    We address the issue of timing and announcement within a dynamic applied general equilibrium model of the Danish economy. Specifically we analyse the introduction of a quota on the production of pigs. Two scenarios are analysed, namely the introduction of a once-off quota without any previous ann...

  19. News and Announcements

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-02-01

    News from Journal House Conceptual Questions and Challenge Problems Many readers are trying to modify the way they teach and in so doing are trying to write new types of questions and problems. The Journal has a new online resource, the JCE Internet Conceptual Questions and Challenge Problems Web site, http://jchemed.chem.wisc.edu/JCEWWW/Resources/CQandChP/index.html . The site is a source of questions and problems that can be used in teaching and assessing conceptual understanding and problem solving in chemistry. Here you can find a library of free-response and multiple-choice conceptual questions and challenge problems, tips for writing these questions and problems, and a discussion of types of concept questions. This site is intended to be a means of sharing conceptual questions and challenge problems among chemical educators. It will be as inclusive as possible, and to achieve this readers need to share their questions and alert the authors to references or Web sites. The screen captures shown below should provide a feeling for what you will find when you visit the site. The authors, William R. Robinson and Susan C. Nurrenbern, welcome additions to the library of conceptual questions or other comments or suggestions. Contact them by email, fax, or regular mail. William R. Robinson and Susan C. Nurrenbern, Department of Chemistry, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-1393. Bill: phone: 765/494-5453; fax: 765/494-0239; email: wrrobin@purdue.edu. Sue: phone: 765/494-0823; fax: 765/494-0239; email: nurrenbe@purdue.edu. fax: 765/494-0239. 1998 Ford Foundation Fellowships The National Research Council has announced the recipients of the 1998 fellowships for minority scholars. Three categories of fellowships were awarded: 50 to beginning graduate students, 33 to students writing their dissertations, and 28 to recent Ph.D. recipients. There were about 1,000 applicants. For information about the next competition contact the Fellowship Office of the National

  20. 29 CFR 2703.2 - Designated agency ethics official and alternate designated agency ethics official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Designated agency ethics official and alternate designated agency ethics official. 2703.2 Section 2703.2 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) FEDERAL... agency ethics official and alternate designated agency ethics official. The Chairman shall appoint...

  1. 39 CFR 962.16 - Disqualification of reviewing official or presiding official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Disqualification of reviewing official or... reviewing official or presiding official. If a Respondent believes, in good faith, that the Reviewing... Presiding Officer finds that such allegations concerning the Reviewing Official are meritorious, he...

  2. News and Announcements

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-05-01

    career, I have no illusions about the complexities involved in implementing change. Yet there is really no choice if we are to survive and thrive as a nation. We must shine a strong spotlight on education, with special and lasting emphasis on science and technology, and the real-world connections so apparent to us in chemistry and all the sciences. Lab Safety Training The Laboratory Safety Workshop announces laboratory safety training in six locations this summer. The 24-hour short courses are for secondary and college/university science educators. The dates and locations are: June 16-19: TBA, Minneapolis, MN June 23-26: Southwest Texas State Univ., San Marcos, TX July 7-10: University of Nevada-Reno, Reno, NV July 14-17: Northeastern University, Boston, MA August 3-6: College of Charleston, Charleston, SC August 16-19: TBA, Seattle, WA For further information contact Laboratory Safety Workshop, 192 Worcester Road, Natick, MA 01760-2552; phone: 508/647-1900; fax: 508/647-0062; email: lswpfm@aol.com. Proposal Deadlines National Science Foundation Division of Undergraduate Education (DUE) Course, Curriculum, and Laboratory Improvement (CCLI) June 7, 1999 NSF Collaboratives for Excellence in Teacher Preparation (CETP) Preliminary proposals, Track 1 May 1, 1999 Formal proposals, Track 1 September 1, 1999 DUE online 1999 guidelines, NSF 99-53 available at http://www.nsf.gov/cgi-bin/getpub?nsf9953 For further information about NSF DUE programs consult the DUE Web site at http://www.ehr.nsf.gov/EHR/DUE/start.htm. Program deadlines are at http://www.ehr.nsf.gov/EHR/DUE/programs/programs.htm . Contact the DUE Information Center at phone: 703/306-1666; email: undergrad@nsf.gov. The Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundation, Inc. Camille Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar Awards Program: November 16, 1998 Henry Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar Awards Program: July 1, 1999 New Faculty Awards Program: May 14, 1999 Faculty Start-up Grants for Undergraduate Institutions: May 14, 1999 Scholar/Fellow Program for

  3. Shangri-La Announces the Official Debut of Kerry Hotel,Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Shangri-La Hotels and Resorts introduced its second Kerry Hotel on November 19, 2011. Marking the completion of the first phase of a multimillion-dollar renovation, Shangri-La’s Kerry Centre Hotel, Beijing is rebranded as Kerry Hotel, Beijing. It joins its sister hotel, Kerry Hotel Pudong, Shanghai, which launched the brand in February 2011.

  4. Official announcement of the enactment of the Agreement on Early Notification in Case of Nuclear Accidents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pursuant to its Article 12 Section 4, the Agreement took effect on 15 October 1989 for the Federal German Republic and on 30 May 1987 for the former German Democratic Republic. The other countries participating in the agreement are listed and the exact wording of their statements and reservations is given. (HP)

  5. News and Announcements

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-04-01

    Biochemistry at the University of Colorado at Boulder are offering a three-day symposium on natural products which include pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals, and consumer products, to be held May 19-21, 1999. For further information or to make arrangements to attend, contact University of Colorado at Boulder, Attn: Rosemary Trujillo, Campus Box 215, Boulder, CO 80309-0215; email: rosemary.trujillo@colorado.edu; fax: 303/492-0439. Workshops for Small-Scale Chemistry The Center for Science, Mathematics and Technology Education at Colorado State University announces two workshop programs for summer 1999. Interested community college faculty are invited to apply for the Small-Scale Chemistry for Pollution Prevention Summer Institute, June 7-18, 1999. The Institute features hands-on training in small-scale chemistry laboratory techniques. Travel to Fort Collins, CO, lodging, per diem, and classroom/laboratory materials are funded for selected participants with a grant from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in collaboration with the Partnership for Environmental Technology Education (PETE). For more information contact Barry Carroll by email: barry_carroll@csmate.colostate.edu; phone: 970/491-1700, or access http://www.csmate.colostate.edu/Programs/PETE_Page.html. Interested high school teachers are invited to apply for two one-week workshops in Small-Scale Chemistry Laboratory for the Regular Chemistry Course (June 21-25, 1999) and Small-Scale Chemistry Laboratory for Advanced Placement Chemistry (June 28-July 2, 1999). The workshops feature hands-on training in small-scale chemistry laboratory techniques. Classroom/laboratory materials, books, and two graduate credits are included in the $395 fee for each course. For more information contact Courtney Butler by email: courtney@ csmate.colostate.edu, phone: 970/491-1700, or access http://www.csmate.colostate.edu/. 16th BCCE: Call for Suggestions The 16th Biennial Conference on Chemical Education will be held at the University

  6. Announcement by the Logistics Service

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Department

    2011-01-01

    Please note that CERN will dispatch or deliver only packages that relate to official orders or contracts. Individuals are not authorised to have private merchandise delivered to them at CERN and private deliveries will not be accepted by the Goods Reception services. Thank you for your co-operation. GS-IS-LS Service

  7. PC 2 Phone Event Announcer

    CERN Document Server

    Parhizkar, Behrang; Ali, Mohammad Nabil Sadegh; Ramachandran, Anand; Navaratnam, Sujata

    2010-01-01

    Nowadays, mobile phones are indispensable devices; it has become a trend now that college and university students are owners of such devices and this particular factor plays a very important role behind the coming up with the proposed system. "PC 2 Phone event Announcer", is the name of the new proposed system suggested to solve the existing communication problem between the College staff and students. As the name suggests, it can be deduced that the system will involve computers and phones, more specifically mobile phones.

  8. 76 FR 63654 - Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagram, Lease Maps, and Supplemental Official Outer...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-13

    ... Enforcement) published a notice in the Federal Register (76 FR 54787) on September 2, 2011, entitled ``OCS... Bureau of Ocean Energy Management Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagram, Lease Maps, and... (OCS) Official Protraction Diagram (OPD), Lease Maps, and Supplemental Official OCS Block...

  9. Perspectives on Official English. The Campaign for English as the Official Language of the USA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Karen L., Ed.; Brink, Daniel T., Ed.

    Essays on the campaign to establish English as the United States' official language include: "Official Languages and Language Planning" (Richard Ruiz); "Una lingua, una patria?: Is Monolingualism Beneficial or Harmful to a Nation's Unity?" (David F. Marshall and Roseann D. Gonzalez); "Canadian Perspectives on Official English" (Joseph E. Magnet);…

  10. 76 FR 2919 - Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagram and Supplemental Official Outer Continental...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-18

    ... Protraction Diagram and Supplemental Official Outer Continental Shelf Block Diagrams AGENCY: Bureau of Ocean... American Datum of 1983 (NAD 83) Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagram and Supplemental Official Outer Continental Shelf Block Diagrams. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that effective with...

  11. 76 FR 54787 - Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagram, Lease Maps, and Supplemental Official Outer...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-02

    ... Protraction Diagram, Lease Maps, and Supplemental Official Outer Continental Shelf Block Diagrams AGENCY... Protraction Diagram (OPD), Lease Maps, and Supplemental Official OCS Block Diagrams (SOBDs) located in the... Continental Shelf Block Diagrams in the Gulf of Mexico Located Within Official Protraction Diagram...

  12. 29 CFR 1471.1010 - Suspending official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Suspending official. 1471.1010 Section 1471.1010 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) FEDERAL MEDIATION AND CONCILIATION SERVICE GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 1471.1010 Suspending official. (a) Suspending...

  13. 31 CFR 19.1010 - Suspending official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Suspending official. 19.1010 Section 19.1010 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 19.1010 Suspending official. (a) Suspending...

  14. 9 CFR 351.6 - Official number.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Official number. 351.6 Section 351.6... of Program § 351.6 Official number. The Administrator will assign a certified technical animal fat plant number to each plant granted service. Such number shall be preceded by the letter “C” and be...

  15. 36 CFR 1150.77 - Official notice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Official notice. 1150.77 Section 1150.77 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE.... Where official notice is taken or is to be taken of a material fact not appearing in the evidence...

  16. Professional Ethics for School Business Officials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pichel, Frank M.

    1990-01-01

    Presents a "Code of Ethics for School Administrators" and "Standards of Conduct for the Association of School Business Officials." These codes, combined with school regulations and adherence to various statutes, can provide school business officials with a sound philosophical basis for fulfilling their responsibilities. (MLF)

  17. 7 CFR 58.2827 - Official identification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Department of Agriculture Standard for Ice Cream § 58.2827 Official identification. (a) The official symbol to be used to identify product meeting the USDA standard for ice cream shall be as follows: EC25SE91.017 (b) Ice cream manufacturing plants using this symbol shall be USDA approved as set forth...

  18. Announcements

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-07-01

    1998 Welch Award in Chemistry Pierre Chambon has been named Proposal Deadlines National Science Foundation Division of Undergraduate Education (DUE) Course, Curriculum, and Laboratory Improvement (CCLI) - November 16, 1998 The Camille & Henry Dreyfus Foundation, Inc. Scholar/Fellow Program for Undergraduate Institutions: July 1, 1998 Special Grant Program in the Chemical Sciences: July15, 1998 Camille Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar Awards Program: November 16, 1998

  19. [Leaking: Frequency and correlates of announcements and threats of homicidal violence reported by Berlin schools between 1996 and 2007].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leuschner, Vincenz; Bondü, Rebecca; Allroggen, Marc; Scheithauer, Herbert

    2016-01-01

    Threats and announcements of homicidal violence at schools may have massive consequences like evacuations, police searches, criminal investigations, or loss of the sense of security by students, teachers, and parents. However, there is a lack of systematic studies about that phenomenon. The present article would like to contribute to closing the research gap. It presents results about the frequency and structure of threats and announcements of homicidal violence in schools in Berlin. The study is based on an official dataset from school administration reports of violent acts in Berlin schools which has been studied within the Berlin Leaking-Projekt. The sample consists of 427 threats and announcements of homicidal violence between 1996 and 2007. The study is an exceptional analysis of the phenomenon: it presents crosscutting results about frequency and characteristics of threats and the threatening students as well as results of a longitudinal analysis about the development of threats and announcements. Results show a rate of 0,3 threats and announcements per 1 000 student and year. During the observation time span a steady increase of threats and announcements – year by year, influenced by imitation effects after school shootings – has been observed.

  20. Official crime data versus collaborative crime mapping at a Brazilian city

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brito, P. L.; Jesus, E. G. V.; Sant'Ana, R. M. S.; Martins, C.; Delgado, J. P. M.; Fernandes, V. O.

    2014-11-01

    In July of 2013 a group of undergraduate students from the Federal University of Bahia, Brazil, published a collaborative web map called "Where I Was Robbed". Their initial efforts in publicizing their web map were restricted to announce it at a local radio as a tool of social interest. In two months the map had almost 10.000 reports, 155 reports per day and people from more the 350 cities had already reported a crime. The present study consists in an investigation about this collaborative web map spatial correlation to official robbery data registered at the Secretary of Public Safety database, for the city of Salvador, Bahia. Kernel density estimator combined with map algebra was used to the investigation. Spatial correlations with official robbery data for the city of Salvador were not found initially, but after standardizing collaborative data and mining official registers, both data pointed at very similar areas as the main hot spots for pedestrian robbery. Both areas are located at two of the most economical active areas of the city, although web map crimes reports were more concentrated in an area with higher income population. This results and discussions indicates that this collaborative application is been used mainly by mid class and upper class parcel of the city population, but can still provide significant information on public safety priority areas. Therefore, extended divulgation, on local papers, radio and TV, of the collaborative crime map application and partnership with official agencies are strongly recommended.

  1. Forestry and charcoal burning in the vicinity of the ironwork Peitz (South Brandenburg, Germany) - What do we know from historical and archaeological data?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takla, Melanie; Frank, Müller; Horst, Rösler; Raab, Alexandra; Raab, Thomas

    2014-05-01

    The former royal forest districts around Peitz (South Brandenburg, Germany) were used to produce charcoal for the ironwork Peitz (1554 to 1856). More than 800 archaeologically excavated ground plans of charcoal kilns give evidence of the burning activity in the study area "Jänschwalde Heide" which is only a small part of the whole forest district. The study area in the apron of the active lignite mine Jänschwalde comprises the royal forest "Jänschwalder Heide" and the surrounding community forests. Our study approach combines archaeological research, a GIS-based approach (historical maps, airborne laser scanning (ALS) data, etc.) and archival studies. The charcoal kilns have been registered since 1990 and since 2005 they are systematically excavated and documented. First dendrochronological data reach from the 17th to the 19th century confirming charcoal burning during the operation period of the iron work. Moreover 5000 additional kilns were identified and digitized from Shaded Relief Maps (SRM) created from ALS data (resolution 1p m-2; height accuracy +- 15 cm). A kiln field of such a dimension has not been documented and investigated for the North German Lowlands so far. It raises the question about the effects of charcoal burning on the forests and the landscape during the last three hundred years. Here we present the evaluation of the kiln data with regard to their size, frequency and spatial distribution. Besides the large number, the kilns have also large diameters (modal value 17 m, mean 12,5 m). Outside the boundaries of the royal forest the kilns are smaller and they were probably used to produce charcoal for local handcraft. These findings are compared to historical records from the first forest inventories (18th/19th century) like forest age and area, with historical forest laws and wood consumption data of the iron work. There is growing evidence that despite of the large extent of the kiln field the wood reserves in the forest districts about 1800

  2. Official portrait of astronaut Robert C. Springer

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    Official portrait of astronaut Robert C. Springer, United Stated Marine Corps (USMC) Colonel, member of Astronaut Class 9 (1980), and mission specialist. Springer wears launch and entry suit (LES) while holding helmet.

  3. Officials: Aerial Spraying Working Against Miami Mosquitoes

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 160274.html Officials: Aerial Spraying Working Against Miami Mosquitoes The insects are to blame for first cases ... 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Aerial spraying is killing many mosquitoes in a part of Miami where the insects ...

  4. Miami's Zika Infections Up to 14: Officials

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_160177.html Miami's Zika Infections Up to 14: Officials Health experts warn ... number of local transmissions of the mosquito-borne Zika virus in South Florida has apparently increased to ...

  5. Chinese Airline Official Microblog Influence Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Li

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available 10 Airlines official micro-blog on the sina microblog platform as sample, airline official microblog influence is analysed. Six indexes, fans number, microblog open time; average daily microblog number, proportion of original microblog, average comment number and reposted number are used to found the principal component analysis model. Three principal components microblog activity, fans initiative and microblog innovation degree, contribute 84% of the total resources. Suggestions to improve airline microblog influence are given based on characteristics of the model.

  6. On official corruption in the Yuan dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Zhi'an

    2006-01-01

    The vicious cycle of official corruption got worse unprecedent edly in the Yuan dynasty (ca.1279-1368).Corrupt officials at all levels from the local to the central governments were "extremely shameless and greedy."Even many court ministers got involved in the vicious cycle of corruption.The top officialdom was polluted and degenerated badly because the Mongolian nobles made their "Sauqaf" (taking gifts) tradition and the Semu,both official and merchant groups,took bribes as a way to amass wealth.Although the Mongol Yuan rulers did make a set of anti-corruption policies such as detailed rules of censorship and inspection relating to corruption crimes,these didn't work well.Of all the reasons of the Yuan official corruption,the old Mongolian steppe traditions play the most important role,which formed the context for the low salary,improper selection and poor quality of the officials and of bending the law wrongly to pardon official misconduct.

  7. USAJOBS Job Opportunity Announcements (JOA) REST API

    Data.gov (United States)

    Office of Personnel Management — This REST-based API is designed to support lightweight Federal Job Opportunity Announcement (JOA) content consumption by consumers. It is anticipated that this API...

  8. USAJOBS Job Opportunity Announcements (JOA) SOAP API

    Data.gov (United States)

    Office of Personnel Management — The purpose of the SOAP based API is to provide the full Federal Job Opportunity Announcement (JOA) content to the consumer. It is anticipated that this API will be...

  9. 2006 RE Export Enterprises List Announced

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ According to "Requirement for RE Export Enterprises and Application Procedure in 2006", the Ministry of Commerce P.R.C announced "2006 Rare Earth Export Enterprises List "on December 30th of 2005. The enterprises are listed below.

  10. New Funding Opportunities for Small Businesses Announced

    Science.gov (United States)

    The National Cancer Institute Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program recently announced $8 million in new contract funding opportunities to assist small businesses with cancer research and technology development. The 12 new contract funding opp

  11. Discovery announced of four new elements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banks, Michael

    2016-02-01

    The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) and the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP) have announced the discovery of four new elements: 113, 115, 117 and 118 - completing the periodic table's seventh row.

  12. Reminiscing Stock Splits Announcement: A Malaysian Case

    OpenAIRE

    Zahiruddin Ghazali; Fauziah Md. Taib; Noraini Othman

    2014-01-01

    This study attempts to understands and verify the effects of stock splits on the abnormal returns of announcing companies share prices using Market Adjusted Returns (MAR) Model. Test findings reveal splits announcements in Malaysia result in positive but insignificant abnormal returns. Additional OLS test was carry out to examine the relationship between companies’ cumulative abnormal returns (CAAR) and prior dividend yield (PDY). Result from uni-variate regression analysis shows there is min...

  13. PUBLISHER'S ANNOUNCEMENT: Fast Track Communications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wald, Robert; Adams, Judith

    2006-12-01

    We are very pleased to announce that Classical and Quantum Gravity will launch a new Fast Track Communications section from January 2007, after which date Letters to the Editor will no longer be published. Fast Track Communications (FTCs) are short, timely papers presenting only the most important new developments. To reflect their high significance FTCs will be published at the front of the journal and will be freely available online to ensure the widest visibility. As with all articles submitted to Classical and Quantum Gravity, there are no page charges, including online colour reproduction and multi-media attachments. Authors who wish to include colour in the print version of their article will, however, be required to cover the costs. Submissions to the new Fast Track Communications section are very welcome. For details of how to submit an FTC please visit IOP Publishing's webpages http://authors.iop.org, or contact the journal at cqg@iop.org. To facilitate refereeing, authors are asked to submit a short statement accompanying their FTC, outlining why they feel that the article merits high-priority publication. Length restrictions will also be applied such that FTCs should be a maximum of 8 journal pages (5000 words) in length. The section will aim to be a high-quality, high-profile outlet for new and important research of interest to the Classical and Quantum Gravity community. We look forward to seeing it grow and take shape over the next year.

  14. Start-up date announced

    CERN Multimedia

    7th August 2008. CERN has announced that the first attempt to circulate the beam in the LHC will be made on the 10th September. This news comes as the cool down phase of commissioning the accelerator reaches a successful conclusion.The next phase is the synchronization of the LHC with the SPS accelerator, the last link in the LHC’s injector chain. A first synchronization test is scheduled for the 9th August, for the clockwise circulating beam, with the second to follow over the coming weeks.Once stable circulating beams have been established in September they will be brought to collision, and the final step will be to commission the LHC’s acceleration system to boost the energy to 5 TeV, the target energy for 2008.“We’re finishing a marathon with a sprint”, said LHC project leader Lyn Evans. “It’s been a long haul, and we’re all eager to get the LHC research programme underway.”For more information, please see the recent press release at: http://press.web.cern.ch/press/PressReleases/Rele...

  15. 31 CFR 0.104 - Designated Agency Ethics Official and Alternate Designated Agency Ethics Official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Standards and Treasury Supplemental Standards and Rules. See 5 CFR 2638.203. The Senior Counsel for Ethics... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Designated Agency Ethics Official and Alternate Designated Agency Ethics Official. 0.104 Section 0.104 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of...

  16. 12 CFR 905.26 - Official logo and seal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Official logo and seal. 905.26 Section 905.26... OPERATIONS DESCRIPTION OF ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS Miscellaneous § 905.26 Official logo and seal. This... as the official seal used to certify and authenticate official documents of the Board of...

  17. 40 CFR 27.5 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 27.5... REMEDIES § 27.5 Review by the reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 27.4(b), the reviewing official determines that there is adequate evidence to believe that...

  18. 39 CFR 273.6 - Evaluation by reviewing official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Evaluation by reviewing official. 273.6 Section... PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 273.6 Evaluation by reviewing official. (a) Based upon the investigatory report prepared by the Investigating Official, the Reviewing Official shall determine...

  19. 12 CFR 308.504 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 308.504... reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 308.503(b) of this subpart, the reviewing official determines that there is adequate evidence to believe that a person...

  20. 43 CFR 35.5 - Review by reviewing official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Review by reviewing official. 35.5 Section... FRAUDULENT CLAIMS AND STATEMENTS § 35.5 Review by reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 35.4(b), the reviewing official determines that there is adequate evidence...

  1. 34 CFR 33.5 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 33.5 Section 33.5... the reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 33.4(b), the reviewing official determines that there is adequate evidence to believe that a person is liable under §...

  2. 6 CFR 13.5 - Review by the Reviewing Official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Review by the Reviewing Official. 13.5 Section... REMEDIES § 13.5 Review by the Reviewing Official. (a) If, based on the report of the Investigating Official under § 13.4(b), the Reviewing Official determines that there is adequate evidence to believe that...

  3. 10 CFR 13.5 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 13.5 Section 13.5 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.5 Review by the reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 13.4(b), the reviewing official...

  4. 22 CFR 521.5 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Review by the reviewing official. 521.5 Section... REMEDIES ACT § 521.5 Review by the reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 521.4(b), the reviewing official determines that there is adequate evidence to...

  5. 22 CFR 224.5 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 224.5 Section... REMEDIES ACT § 224.5 Review by the reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 224.4(b), the reviewing official determines that there is adequate evidence to...

  6. 7 CFR 1.305 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 1.305 Section 1.305... Administrative Hearings Under the Program Fraud Civil Remedies Act of 1986 § 1.305 Review by the reviewing official. (a) Upon receipt of the report of the investigating official, the reviewing official may...

  7. 14 CFR 1264.104 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 1264.104... PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL PENALTIES ACT OF 1986 § 1264.104 Review by the reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 1264.103(b), the reviewing official determines...

  8. 45 CFR 79.5 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 79.5 Section 79... REMEDIES § 79.5 Review by the reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 79.4(b), the reviewing official determines that there is adequate evidence to believe that...

  9. 22 CFR 35.5 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 35.5 Section... § 35.5 Review by the reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 35.4(b), the reviewing official determines that there is adequate evidence to believe that...

  10. 5 CFR 185.105 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 185.105... FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 185.105 Review by the reviewing official. If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 185.104(b), the reviewing official determines that there is adequate evidence...

  11. 10 CFR 1013.5 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 1013.5 Section 1013.5... Review by the reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 1013.4(b) of this part, the reviewing official determines that there is adequate evidence to believe...

  12. 49 CFR 31.5 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 31.5 Section 31... Review by the reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 31.4(b), the reviewing official determines that there is adequate evidence to believe that a person...

  13. 20 CFR 355.5 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 355.5... reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 355.4(b), the reviewing official determines that there is adequate evidence to believe that a person is liable under §...

  14. 15 CFR 25.5 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 25.5... § 25.5 Review by the reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 25.4(b), the reviewing official determines that there is adequate evidence to believe that...

  15. 28 CFR 71.5 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 71.5... Justice § 71.5 Review by the reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 71.4(b), the reviewing official determines that there is adequate evidence to believe that...

  16. 31 CFR 16.5 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Review by the reviewing official. 16... IMPLEMENTING THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 16.5 Review by the reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 16.4(b), the reviewing official...

  17. 5 CFR 919.1010 - Suspending official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Suspending official. 919.1010 Section 919.1010 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 919.1010...

  18. Freedom of Expression: Criticising Public Officials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Re'em Segev

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available

    In what follows, I summarise an argument against prohibitions on freedom of speech with regard to criticism directed at public officials – namely, every person who has a legal power in an institution of the state, including the legislative branch (particularly parliament member, the judiciary (particularly judges and the executive branch (including, for example, prosecutes, police officers – and public institutions (rather than a public official at the institution and the government in general (rather than a specific institution. Such criticism can include, for example, claims regarding the morality or legality of actions of public officials (for example, a claim that a police officer is corrupt, their qualifications (for example, a claim that a judge is lazy, or the efficiency of a certain institution (for example, the army. I argue that there are strong considerations in favour of criticising the performance of public officials (and institutions, and especially against legal (and particularly criminal limitations on such criticism, and relatively weak considerations against this criticism, especially with regard to legal (and particularly criminal limitations on criticising public officals.


  19. Official portrait of Astronaut Vance D. Brand

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-01-01

    Official portrait of Astronaut Vance D. Brand. Brand is in the dark blue shuttle flight suit with his helmet under his arm and an American flag behind him. Above and to the right of his head is a view of the shuttle flying.

  20. How Justice System Officials View Wrongful Convictions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Brad; Zalman, Marvin; Kiger, Angie

    2011-01-01

    The wrongful conviction of factually innocent people is a growing concern within the United States. Reforms generated by this concern are predicated in part on the views of justice system participants. The authors surveyed judges, police officials, prosecutors, and defense lawyers in Michigan regarding their views of why wrongful convictions…

  1. Savant officials in the Prussian mining administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Ursula

    2012-07-01

    In the second half of the eighteenth century, the Prussian State supported savants who combined learned inquiry into nature with technical work. Members of the physical and mathematical classes of the Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences were involved in State projects such as surveying for the construction of canals, chemical analysis of Silesian iron, production of porcelain and of beet sugar. Some of these men were truly 'hybrid' experts living both in the worlds of State-directed manufacture and academic natural inquiry. Among these savant experts there was a particular sub-group that is at the centre of this paper: mining officials who were also recognized as mineralogists, geologists and chemists. The paper describes and analyses the training and the varied technical and scientific activities of these 'savant officials'. At the centre of attention are the travels of inspection of the mineralogist and mining official Carl Abraham Gerhard (1738-1821) in the late 1760s. I argue that Gerhard's travels of inspection were at the same time geological travels and that savant officials like Gerhard made a significant contribution to the fledgling science of geology.

  2. Official Statistics In a Modern Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilie DUMITRESCU

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The modern democratic society cannot efficiently and rigorously function in the absence of a solid basis of relevant and reliable statistical data, allowing for an easy and user-friendly access. Representing a “public good”, in the contemporary society, the official statistical information is meant to serve the whole society, under the conditions of maximum transparency, impartiality and equal treatment of all the categories of data users.Official statistics should adapt itself to the changes taking place in the modern society and should comply with its increased demands for high quality information. On its turn, it imposes to both national and global statistical systems major tasks of structural changes in the activity of producing and disseminating official statistics, as well as in the communication with its partners from the informational fl ow upstream, but particularly from its downstream – these being the target recipients of statistical data.The article presents the vision on the official statistics role, functions and tasks in the modern society, as against the major challenges regarding the transformation of statistical information into knowledge, the promotion of statistical literacy and culture, ensuring the usefulness and the large scale use of statistical data.

  3. Realized Bond-Stock Correlation: Macroeconomic Announcement Effects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Charlotte; Ranaldo, Angelo

    2005-01-01

    We investigate the effects of macroeconomic announcements on the realized correlation between bond and stock returns. Our results deliver insights into the dominating drivers of bond-stock comovements. We find that it is not so much the surprise component of the announcement, but the mere fact that...... an announcement occurs that influences the realized bond-stock correlation. The impact of macroeconomic announcements varies across the business cycle. Announcement effects are highly dependent on the sign of the realized bond-stock correlation which has recently gone from positive to negative....... Macroeconomic announcement effects on realized bond and stock volatilities are also investigated....

  4. A Noteon Dual Foreign Exchange Markets with official Rationing; Predetermined Versus Floating official Exchange Rate

    OpenAIRE

    José Saúl Lizondo

    1991-01-01

    This paper examines the relationship between the long run rate of inflation and the allocation of transactions between markets in economies that operate dual exchange market regimes and ration foreign exchange in the official market. It shows that wider access of importers to the official market, and wider access of exporters to the free market, are associated with higher rates of inflation and vice versa. The direction of causality among the various variables, and thus the effects of economi...

  5. Differential Investors’ Response to Restatement Announcements: An Empirical Investigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebahattin Demirkan

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available When firms announce a restatement of their financial reports, they inform investors that their prior announcements were faulty. Not only do companies lose credibility at times such as this but also their securities are revalued as investors respond to the substance of the announcement. We investigate investor size to understand how large and small investors differ in their responses to restatement announcements. Our results indicate that large investors seemingly anticipate the announcement; their holdings decrease before restatement announcements; consequently large investors trading after announcements is less pronounced than for smaller investors. The response of small investors depends on who has prompted the restatement: the company itself, FASB or the SEC and not on the reason for the restatement such as problems with revenue recognition, restructuring or cost/expense. Large investor trading volume is affected by both the source of the restatement and the reason for it. Large investors seem to anticipate potential problems, and sell securities before restatement announcements.

  6. Differential Investors' Response to Restatement Announcements: An Empirical Investigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebahattin Demirkan

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available When firms announce a restatement of their financial reports, they inform investors that their prior announcements were faulty. Not only do companies lose credibility at times such as this but also their securities are revalued as investors respond to the substance of the announcement. We investigate investor size to understand how large and small investors differ in their responses to restatement announcements. Our results indicate that large investors seemingly anticipate the announcement; their holdings decrease before restatement announcements; consequently large investors trading after announcements is less pronounced than for smaller investors. The response of small investors depends on who has prompted the restatement: the company itself, FASB or the SEC and not on the reason for the restatement such as problems with revenue recognition, restructuring or cost/expense. Large investor trading volume is affected by both the source of the restatement and the reason for it. Large investors seem to anticipate potential problems, and sell securities before restatement announcements.

  7. Human Rights Training for Central Government Officials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    OUR STAFF REPORTER

    2007-01-01

    @@ More than 50 officials from central government departments attended a human rights training class held in Nanchang,Jiangxi Province, on May 29-June 2. The class was sponsored by the State Council Information Office, during which the trainees attended lectures given on China's human rights concepts and the current human rights conditions in the country,human rights theories and international human rights instruments and protection of human rights under the rule of law.

  8. Official statistical publications and economic statistics

    OpenAIRE

    Mavis Anagboso; Allan Flowers; Geoff Tily; Gavin Wallis

    2007-01-01

    Introduces the new journal and provides a retrospective review of compendia publications of official statistics and analysis.Since its first publication in 1953, Economic Trends and its companion labour market publications have recordedchanges to the UK economy and labour market. In this new publication, Economic & Labour Market Review,the Office for National Statistics brings these two fields of economic statistics into a single publication. As patterns ofeconomic activity and work change, t...

  9. Private vs. Official Creditors: The Record Speaks

    OpenAIRE

    Arturo C. Porzecanski

    2006-01-01

    An expanded and updated version of this paper was published in the Summer 2007 edition of the journal "International Finance" (see www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=1367-0271). Here we highlight the contribution that private creditors have made to resolve expeditiously and even generously the many sovereign debt crises in which they have been involved. The road from debt restructuring to debt forgiveness – from reprofiling to cancellation, in the jargon of the official community – h...

  10. Chinese Officials Lighten Up Under Pressure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZhangXueying

    2005-01-01

    Chinese officials are displaying a far more human public persona these days than their traditionally severe demeanor, a change welcomed by the people. Formerly stern and rigid, they are now animated and unafraid to express enthusiasm in public. Chinese civil servants no longer blend into a solid gray wall of officialdom, one indistinguishable from the other by virtue of the dry-as-dust officialese they speak.

  11. Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage. Official Records

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    These Official Records of the Conference contain the summary records of the plenary meetings and of the meetings of the Committee of the Whole, the text of the Convention, the Optional Protocol, the Final Act, the resolutions adopted by the Conference and the reports of the committees and sub-committees, as well as all other documents which were submitted to the plenary and the Committee of the Whole. These Official Records also contain a complete index of documents relevant to each Article of the Convention according to its number in the final text. The history of the preparatory studies and documents is summarized on pages 39, 40 and 65-86. The symbols of International Atomic Energy Agency documents are composed of capital letters combined with figures. Mention of such a symbol indicates a reference to an International Atomic Energy Agency document. The summary records of the plenary meetings and of the meetings of the Committee of the Whole contained in this volume were originally circulated in mimeographed form as documents CN-12/OR/1 to 7 and CN-12, CW/OR. 1 to 24 respectively. As printed in this volume they include the corrections to the provisional summary records that were requested by the delegations and such drafting and editorial changes as were considered necessary. These official records are available in English, French, Russian and Spanish. (author)

  12. Adoption of an official ISEA glossary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zartarian, Valerie; Bahadori, Tina; McKone, Tom

    2005-01-01

    The International Society for Exposure Analysis (ISEA) and its Nomenclature Committee have been involved since the mid-1990s in an intermittent but ongoing effort to develop an official ISEA glossary. Several related activities have stimulated greater interest and discussion nationally and internationally on a common exposure language. Among these activities are a 1997 Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology feature article on exposure and dose definitions and a 1999-initiated project of the International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS) (WHO/ILO/UNEP) to confront terminology issues hindering harmonization in the area of exposure assessment. Recently, the ISEA members voted in support of adopting the IPCS glossary as the official ISEA glossary, and the ISEA Executive Board agreed to accept this recommendation. In this feature article, we (1) describe the process through which the ISEA adopted the IPCS glossary as the official ISEA glossary, (2) present the joint IPCS/ISEA glossary of terms and their definitions, and (3) discuss plans for how the glossary can be used by ISEA and updated over time by ISEA and IPCS. The glossary is intended to be a living document that reflects the latest usage and maintains international harmonization of exposure terminology that can be practically applied to improve communication in exposure and related fields. PMID:15562291

  13. Do Macroeconomic Announcements Cause Asymetric Volatility?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P. de Goeij (Peter); W.A. Marquering (Wessel)

    2002-01-01

    textabstractIn this paper we study the impact of macroeconomic news announcements on the conditional volatility of stock and bond returns. Using daily returns on the S&P 500 index, the NASDAQ index, and the 1 and 10 year U.S. Treasury bonds, for January 1982 - August 2001, some interesting results e

  14. Monetary target announcements, reputation and hysteresis

    OpenAIRE

    Grüner, Hans Peter

    1994-01-01

    Two signaling games of monetary policy are considered: game one examines the effect of hysteresis on the labor market on the results of the repeated monetary policy game. Disciplinary effects of reputation disappear in presence of hysteresis. The second game compares weifare effects of monetary target announcements to those of a rigid rule under alternative assumptions on the policymaker's type space.

  15. CAS Announces Academicians Elected in 2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Thirty five Chinese scientists and six of their colleagues from Canada,France and the United States were elected into CAS in 2009.The announcement was made by CAS President LU Yongxiang at a press conference held on December 4,2009,in Beijing.CAS Vice President LI Jinghai read the list of the new Members.

  16. 75 FR 33856 - Announcement of Public Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-15

    ... MANAGEMENT Announcement of Public Meeting AGENCY: U.S. Office of Personnel Management. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The Office of Personnel Management will hold a public meeting on June 25, 2010, as part... should be a career of choice for the most talented Americans.'' This public meeting will constitute...

  17. Announcements and credibility of monetary policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schultz, Christian

    1996-01-01

    An infinitely repeated monetary policy game à la Barro and Gordon is considered. Before the game starts the government announces a policy rule. If there is a slight probability that government is honest and a slight probability that the government makes mistakes, then a sufficiently patient...

  18. Announcements and Credibility of Monetary Policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schultz, Christian

    An infinitely repeated monetary policy game à la Barro and Gordon (1983) is considered. Before the game starts the government announces a policy rule. If there is a slight probability that government is honest and a slight probability that the government makes mistakes, then a sufficiently patient...

  19. 76 FR 16630 - Announcement of an Award

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-24

    ...) announces the award of a cooperative agreement to the Congressional Hunger Center in Washington, DC. C.F.D.A... cooperative agreement with the Congressional Hunger Center (CHC) in Washington, DC, to work with ACF programs on hunger and obesity issues for young children. An award in the amount of $3,000 has been made...

  20. 7 CFR 54.12 - Financial interest of official grader.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Service § 54.12 Financial interest of official grader. No official grader shall grade or determine compliance of any products in which he or any of his relatives by blood or marriage is directly or...

  1. 7 CFR 53.14 - Financial interest of official grader.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... of official grader. No official grader shall grade or determine compliance of any livestock in which he or any of his relatives by blood or marriage is directly or indirectly financially interested....

  2. Blazing the trail: Official Report : Singapore 2010 Youth Olympic Games

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    The official report of the 1st Youth Olympic Games, “Blazing the trail: Official Report: Singapore 2010 Youth Olympic Games” consisted of one volume, published in French and English. The French version was published only in electronic form

  3. 29 CFR 18.201 - Official notice of adjudicative facts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Official notice of adjudicative facts. 18.201 Section 18.201... of adjudicative facts. (a) Scope of rule. This rule governs only official notice of adjudicative facts. (b) Kinds of facts. An officially noticed fact must be one not subject to reasonable dispute...

  4. 22 CFR 41.25 - NATO representatives, officials, and employees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false NATO representatives, officials, and employees... UNDER THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT, AS AMENDED Foreign Government Officials § 41.25 NATO representatives, officials, and employees. (a) Classification. An alien shall be classified under the symbol...

  5. 31 CFR 0.105 - Deputy Ethics Official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Deputy Ethics Official. 0.105 Section... EMPLOYEE RULES OF CONDUCT General Provisions Responsibilities § 0.105 Deputy Ethics Official. The Chief Counsel or Legal Counsel for a bureau, or a designee, is the Deputy Ethics Official for that bureau....

  6. 9 CFR 590.30 - At official plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false At official plants. 590.30 Section 590... Authorities § 590.30 At official plants. (a) Requirements within the scope of the Act with respect to premises, facilities, and operations of any official plant which are in addition to or different than those made...

  7. 13 CFR 105.403 - Designated Agency Ethics Officials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Designated Agency Ethics Officials. 105.403 Section 105.403 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION STANDARDS OF... Agency Ethics Officials. The Designated Agency Ethics Official and Alternates administer the program...

  8. 32 CFR 291.9 - For official use only (FOUO).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false For official use only (FOUO). 291.9 Section 291... For official use only (FOUO). Information that has not been given a security classification pursuant... the reasons cited in FOIA exemptions 2 through 9 shall be considered as being for official use...

  9. 12 CFR 328.3 - Official advertising statement requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... institution. (d) Types of advertisements which do not require the official advertising statement. The following types of advertisements do not require use of the official advertising statement: (1) Statements... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Official advertising statement...

  10. 14 CFR 385.6 - Referral to the Reviewing Official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Referral to the Reviewing Official. 385.6... Referral to the Reviewing Official. When the staff member finds that the public interest so requires, or... shall, in lieu of exercising the authority, submit the matter to the Reviewing Official for decision....

  11. 14 CFR 385.34 - Decision by the Reviewing Official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Decision by the Reviewing Official. 385.34... Staff Action § 385.34 Decision by the Reviewing Official. (a) Decline of right to review. If the Reviewing Official declines the right to exercise discretionary review, the staff action stayed by...

  12. 38 CFR 42.5 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Review by the reviewing... (CONTINUED) STANDARDS IMPLEMENTING THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 42.5 Review by the reviewing official. (a) The report of the investigating official will be examined by the reviewing official...

  13. 42 CFR 405.1834 - CMS reviewing official procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false CMS reviewing official procedure. 405.1834 Section... Determinations and Appeals § 405.1834 CMS reviewing official procedure. (a) Scope. A provider that is a party to... Administrator by a designated CMS reviewing official who considers whether the decision of the...

  14. 32 CFR 1605.59 - Signing official papers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Signing official papers. 1605.59 Section 1605.59 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM ORGANIZATION Local Boards § 1605.59 Signing official papers. Official papers issued by a...

  15. 32 CFR 1605.28 - Signing official papers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Signing official papers. 1605.28 Section 1605.28 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM ORGANIZATION District Appeal Boards § 1605.28 Signing official papers. Official documents...

  16. 10 CFR 1.55 - Establishment of official NRC flag.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Establishment of official NRC flag. 1.55 Section 1.55 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION STATEMENT OF ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL INFORMATION NRC Seal and Flag § 1.55 Establishment of official NRC flag. The official flag is based on the design of the NRC...

  17. 29 CFR 1960.54 - Training of top management officials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... PROGRAMS AND RELATED MATTERS Training § 1960.54 Training of top management officials. Each agency shall provide top management officials with orientation and other learning experiences which will enable them to... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Training of top management officials. 1960.54 Section...

  18. 20 CFR 726.319 - Retention of official record.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Retention of official record. 726.319 Section 726.319 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT STANDARDS ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE... INSURANCE Civil Money Penalties § 726.319 Retention of official record. The official record of...

  19. Announcing climate policy. Can a green paradox arise without scarcity?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smulders, Sjak [Tilburg Univ. (Netherlands). Dept. of Economics and CentER; Tsur, Yacov [Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem, Rehovot (Israel). Dept. of Agricultural Economics and Management; Zemel, Amos [Ben Gurion Univ. of the Negev, Sede Boker (Israel). Dept. of Solar Energy and Environmental Physics

    2010-12-15

    Unintended consequences of a pre-announced climate policy have been studied in a variety of situations. We show that early announcement of a carbon tax gives rise to a ''Green-Paradox,'' in that it increases polluting emissions in the interim period (between announcement and actual implementation), irrespective of the scarcity of fossil fuels. The phenomenon holds both when the announced implementation date is taken as a credible threat and when households are skeptical about the (political) will or capability of the government to implement the policy as announced. The paradoxical outcome is driven by consumptionsaving tradeoffs facing households who seek to smooth consumption over time. (orig.)

  20. A vast medieval dam-lake cascade in northern central Europe: review and new data on late Holocene water-level dynamics of the Havel River, Berlin-Brandenburg area (Germany)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaiser, Knut; Keller, Nora; Brande, Arthur; Dalitz, Stefan; Hensel, Nicola; Heußner, Karl-Uwe; Kappler, Christoph; Michas, Uwe; Müller, Joachim; Schwalbe, Grit; Weiße, Roland; Bens, Oliver

    2016-04-01

    An interdisciplinary study was carried out in order to trace the human transformation of the medium-scale Havel River in northeastern central Europe during the last c. 2000 years. This research was driven by the hypothesis that the present-day riverscape is widely a legacy of medieval and modern human transformation of the drainage system initiated essentially by damming for the operation of water mills. Recent opportunities to investigate the extent of this human impact arose during the course of archaeological rescue excavations and palaeoecologic studies, which significantly enhanced the amount of respective high-quality data. Along the middle course of the Havel, sedimentary sequences were analysed in order to explore the potential for reconstructing regional water-level dynamics. The river, draining the Berlin metropolitan area, forms a chain of dammed lakes and meandering river sections which were strongly modified by hydraulic engineering in the past. We have not only recorded new sections but also re-evaluated older ones, forming a total of sixteen sedimentary sequences along the river. Chronological control is provided by a multitude of palynological, dendrochronological, archaeological, and radiocarbon data. The sections upriver from the Brandenburg/H. and Spandau weirs, representing sites with historic water mills, reveal substantial water-level changes during the late Holocene. Generally, lower water levels before and higher levels parallel to the medieval German colonisation of that area (c. 1180/1250 AD) can be inferred. This water-level increase, which is attributed to be caused by medieval mill stowage, took place rapidly and amounted to a relative height of c. 1.5 m. It has caused the widening of river sections and the enlargement of existing lakes or its secondary formation when already aggraded, and thus a flooding of large portions of land. The rising water level has even influenced the settlement topography to a large degree. Several medieval

  1. 9 CFR 54.11 - Approval of laboratories to run official scrapie tests and official genotype tests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Approval of laboratories to run official scrapie tests and official genotype tests. 54.11 Section 54.11 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL... hours; and (8) Will report all test results to State and Federal animal health officials within...

  2. Maurice Halbwachs: Official and hidden memory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carretero, Angel

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available This article tries to show, in general terms, how Maurice Halbwachs has discovered presence and vitality in the collective memorieswhich have been excluded from the socially-institutionalized world. In order to decipher his opaque writing, one should try for a sociology of the depths, for a sociological look that, separating itself from the dominant positivism of the social sciences, manages to penetrate the hidden logic that permanently underlies social life. This article seeks to uncover the nature of a collective memory that respects the vicissitudes of time, as well as its difficult relations both with official memory and with the dominant historical record.

  3. Non-Official Roads Dilemma in Amazonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perz, Stephen G.; Arima, Eugenio; Souza, Carlos, Jr.; Caldas, Marcellus; Brandao, Amintas de O., Jr.; Araujo de Souza, Francisco Kennedy; Walker, Robert

    2005-01-01

    At the beginning of this millennium, "non-official" roads predominate in Amazonia. The opening of these roads, a phenomenon that has not been studied in depth, represents a major dilemma - it generates environmental and social impacts, but it helps to reduce the isolation of the communities in Amazonia and to improve the quality of life for those rural populations. The combined positive and negative aspects of this dilemma mean that it is a matter of crucial importance for the government at last to do a proper job in building these roads; if this is disregarded, in the future, the environment and the Brazilians living in that region will be at risk.

  4. An official American Thoracic Society workshop report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosenfeld, Margaret; Allen, Julian; Arets, Bert H G M;

    2013-01-01

    lung function in this age range. Ongoing research in lung function testing in infants, toddlers, and preschoolers has resulted in techniques that show promise as safe, feasible, and potentially clinically useful tests. Official American Thoracic Society workshops were convened in 2009 and 2010...... to review six lung function tests based on a comprehensive review of the literature (infant raised-volume rapid thoracic compression and plethysmography, preschool spirometry, specific airway resistance, forced oscillation, the interrupter technique, and multiple-breath washout). In these proceedings...

  5. Official announcement of the enactment of the Agreement on Assistance in Case of Nuclear Accidents or Radiological Emergencies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pursuant to its Article 14 Section 4, the Agreement took effect on 15 October 1989 for the Federal German Republic and on 30 May 1987 for the former German Democratic Republic. The other countries participating in the agreement are listed. Their statements and reservations are given in full. (orig.)

  6. Volume, Volatility and Public News Announcements

    OpenAIRE

    Bollerslev, Tim; Li, Jia; Xue, Yuan

    2016-01-01

    We provide new empirical evidence for the way in which financial markets process information. Our results are based on high-frequency intraday data along with new econometric techniques for making inference on the relationship between trading intensity and spot volatility around public news announcements. Consistent with the predictions derived from a theoretical model in which investors agree to disagree, our estimates for the intraday volume-volatility elasticity around the most important n...

  7. Spread and control of blackgrass (Alopecurus myosuroides according to an increasing occurrence of resistance - Evaluation of field trials in the federal states Brandenburg, Hessen, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia in the years 2000 - 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meinlschmidt, Ewa

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available An increasing occurrence of blackgrass (Alopecurus myosuroides with high densities has been reported for Brandenburg, Hessen, Saxony-Anhalt, Saxony and Thuringia. In recent years, an increasing resistance to blackgrass especially to ALS inhibitors and partially to ACCase inhibitors has been reported for some eastern federal states and Hessen, too. It was determined to what extent dicotyledonous weeds are associated with blackgrass. The efficacy of different herbicide applications was tested in field trials between 2000 and 2014. A total of 191 trials have been included in the analysis of blackgrass. Using the HRAC-classification of herbicides tested, combinations of herbicides were used which might contribute to solve problems specifically linked to the detected resistance situation of the site. The study aimed to identify the right timing of the herbicide applications as well as applications as single or serial treatments and the use of herbicide at reduced doses according to the intensity of blackgrass. In autumn, single applications of soil active herbicides were not effective enough, especially at a high density of more than 500 heads of blackgrass per m2. The mixtures of soil active herbicides with leave active herbicides applied in autumn achieved very good control. The herbicide sequences were more effective than single applications. In order to counteract further spread of herbicide resistance, the right choice of the mode of action and highly efficacious herbicide treatments are the methods of choice, of course in addition to nonchemical controlling measures such as delayed autumn drilling, ploughing and crop rotation.

  8. 9 CFR 318.4 - Preparation of products to be officially supervised; responsibilities of official establishments...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... official establishment may produce a new product for test marketing provided labeling for the product has... marketing does not exceed 6 months. Such new product shall not be produced at that establishment after the 6... preparing meat food product who has a total plant quality control system or plan for controlling...

  9. Officially released mutant varieties in China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The use of mutation techniques for crop improvement in China has a long and well-established tradition of more than 50 years. As the result of intensive research in many institutes dealing with application of nuclear technologies more than 620 cultivars of 44 crop species have been released. Numerous mutant varieties have been grown on a large scale bringing significant economic impact, sustaining crop production and greatly contributing to increase of food production also in stress prone areas of the country. However, there is still missing information not only on the number of mutant varieties released in particular crop species but also on mutagens applied, selection approaches and on the use of mutants in cross breeding. Numerous Chinese scientists collected and systematized this information. Results of their work were often published in local scientific journals in the Chinese language and as such were unavailable to breeders from other countries. Having this in mind, we requested Dr. Liu Luxiang, the Director of the Department of Plant Mutation Breeding and Genetics, Institute for Application of Atomic Energy, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences in Beijing to help us in finding as much information as possible on mutant varieties officially released in China. The data has been collected in close collaboration with his colleagues from various institutions all over the country and then evaluated, edited and prepared for publication by our team responsible for the FAO/IAEA Database of Officially Released Mutant Varieties. We would like to thank all Chinese colleagues who contributed to this list of Chinese mutant varieties. We hope that this publication will stimulate plant breeders in China to collect more information on released mutant varieties and especially on the use of mutated genes in cross breeding. (author)

  10. Impact of Mergers and Acquisitions announcement on shareholder value: An empirical evidence of short-term performance from Singapore market.

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Thi Quynh,

    2013-01-01

    This thesis examines the impact of Mergers and Acquisitions announcements on shareholders wealth of acquirers in Singapore. In detail, this thesis will study the stock performance in response to M&A announcement under three time intervals: pre-announcement period (from day 5 to day 2 prior to announcement day), announcement period (including 1 day prior to announcement day and announcement day) and post-announcement period (from day 1 to day 5 after the announcement). The methodology to inves...

  11. Insider trading legislation and acquisition announcements : do laws matter?

    OpenAIRE

    Maug, Ernst; Halteren, Jörn van; Ackerman, Abraham

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we investigate how the enactment and enforcement of insider trading restrictions affect the way in which information about acquisitions is released before the actual acquisition announcement. We analyze a sample with almost 19,000 acquisition announcements from 48 countries. We find that insider trading legislation strongly affects the information revealed to the market in the runup phase before the announcement whereas the impact of subsequent enforcement actions by regulators ...

  12. Insider Trading Legislation and Acquisition Announcements: Do Laws Matter?

    OpenAIRE

    Maug, Ernst; Ackerman, Abraham

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we investigate how the enactment and enforcement of insider trading restrictions affect the way in which information about acquisitions is released before the actual acquisition announcement. We analyze a sample with almost 19,000 acquisition announcements from 48 countries. We find that insider trading legislation strongly affects the information revealed to the market in the runup phase before the announcement whereas the impact of subsequent enforcement actions by regulators ...

  13. THE USE OF OFFICIAL LANGUAGES ACT: DIVERSITY AFFIRMED?

    OpenAIRE

    JL (Loot) Pretorius

    2013-01-01

    SUMMARYA full sixteen years after the coming into force of the 1996 Constitution, Parliament responded to the constitutional obligation to regulate and monitor, by legislative and other means, the use of official languages by adopting the Use of Official Languages Act 12 of 2012. The Act represents a very limited normative appreciation of this constitutional instruction. The official language clause of the Constitution expresses a normative commitment regarding the positive affirmation of lin...

  14. 29 CFR 22.5 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Review by the reviewing official. 22.5 Section 22.5 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 22.5 Review by the reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 22.4(b), the reviewing...

  15. Will the Latest Official Car Reform Plan Succeed?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    China's official vehicle reform, which has been going on for years, is no longer a new topic, but it has consistently been a focal point of public concern. Official vehicles refer to those cars purchased by government agencies for use by officials to make their workflow more efficient. The Central Government reportedly has worked out a pilot reform program in an effort to reduce the total number of government vehicles and their high operating expenses.

  16. Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) - Search Official Rulings

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — The MUTCD Official Rulings is a resource that allows web site visitors to obtain information about requests for changes, experiments, and interpretations related to...

  17. CERN welcomes Korea as an official collaborator

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    His Excellency Mr. Won-Hwa Park, Ambassador of the Republic of Korea to Switzerland, with CERN's Director-General at the signature ceremony to mark Korea as an official collaborator. On 25 October, the Ambassador of the Republic of Korea to Switzerland, His Excellency Mr Won-Hwa Park, visited CERN. He came to sign, together with the Director-General Dr Robert Aymar, a formal Cooperation Agreement between CERN and the Government of the Republic of Korea, witnessed by Dr Joo-Han Kim of the Korean Ministry of Science and Technology. With this agreement that covers the development of scientific and technical cooperation in high-energy physics, Korea's participation in the experimental physics programme of CERN has now been formalised. Two days earlier, Dr Myung-Bak Lee, the former Mayor of Seoul, paid a visit to CERN, accompanied by ten members of his staff and fifteen Korean journalists. CERN was one of the destinations in Europe (together with GSI in Germany) on Dr Lee's agenda to gain information and to estab...

  18. Official News relating to CERN Safety Rules

    CERN Multimedia

    HSE Unit

    2015-01-01

    The CERN Safety Rules listed below have been published on the official CERN Safety Rules website (see here).   Safety Regulation SR-WS Works and services: this SR-WS (version 1) will cancel and replace the corresponding provisions of Safety Instruction IS50 “Safety Coordination on CERN Worksites”. General Safety Instruction GSI-WS-1 Safety coordination for works and services: this GSI-WS-1 (version 1) will cancel and replace the corresponding provisions of Safety Instruction IS39 “Notice of Start of Works (AOC)” and of Safety Instruction IS50 “Safety Coordination on CERN Worksites” ​Specific Safety Instruction SSI-WS-1-1 Safety coordinator for category 1 operations: this SSI-WS-1-4 (version 1) will cancel and replace the corresponding provisions of Safety Instruction IS50 “Safety Coordination on CERN Worksites”.​ ​ In order to limit the impact on the end-of-year technical st...

  19. The Official Real Estate Appraisal in Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christoph JOCHEIM-WIRTZ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The Real Estate Appraisal in Germany is regulated by the articles 192-199 of the German Construction Law. Technical guidelines, including the appraisal methods, are defined in bylaws. For the purpose of official real estate appraisal, Expert Appraisal Committees were founded in counties and large cities. The Committees are comprised of real estate experts doing a honorary service, coming from such professions as land surveying engineers, architects, civil engineers, Tax Office employees, experts from the banking sector, agronomists and real estate agents. The chairman of the Committee is also the director of the Cadastral Office and/or the Surveying Office. Every Committee has its own office within the Cadastral Office or the Surveying Office. The main task of the Committees is to establish and guarantee the transparency of the real estate market, by means of the publication of approximate plot value maps on the Internet as well as the publication of the reports on the real estate market. Apart from that, the Expert Appraisal Committees provide reports on the market value of real estate objects, available upon request. Reports on the market value of real estate objects are also made by publicly appointed and sworn experts. Based on the steady rise in the requests for superregional information about the real estate market in the recent years, the working group comprised of the representatives from the Expert Appraisal Committees from the whole country published its first report on the real estate market in Germany in 2008, and the second one in 2011.

  20. Official Portrait of Astronaut Neil Armstrong

    Science.gov (United States)

    1969-01-01

    Neil Armstrong, donned in his space suit, poses for his official Apollo 11 portrait. Armstrong began his flight career as a naval aviator. He flew 78 combat missions during the Korean War. Armstrong joined the NASA predecessor, NACA (National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics), as a research pilot at the Lewis Laboratory in Cleveland and later transferred to the NACA High Speed Flight Station at Edwards AFB, California. He was a project pilot on many pioneering high speed aircraft, including the 4,000 mph X-15. He has flown over 200 different models of aircraft, including jets, rockets, helicopters, and gliders. In 1962, Armstrong was transferred to astronaut status. He served as command pilot for the Gemini 8 mission, launched March 16, 1966, and performed the first successful docking of two vehicles in space. In 1969, Armstrong was commander of Apollo 11, the first manned lunar landing mission, and gained the distinction of being the first man to land a craft on the Moon and the first man to step on its surface. Armstrong subsequently held the position of Deputy Associate Administrator for Aeronautics, NASA Headquarters Office of Advanced Research and Technology, from 1970 to 1971. He resigned from NASA in 1971.

  1. 5 CFR 890.1010 - Debarring official's decision of contest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Debarring official's decision of contest. 890.1010 Section 890.1010 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL... Against Health Care Providers Mandatory Debarments § 890.1010 Debarring official's decision of contest....

  2. 5 CFR 610.123 - Travel on official time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Travel on official time. 610.123 Section... DUTY Weekly and Daily Scheduling of Work Work Schedules § 610.123 Travel on official time. Insofar as practicable travel during nonduty hours shall not be required of an employee. When it is essential that...

  3. 5 CFR 2638.204 - Deputy ethics official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Deputy ethics official. 2638.204 Section 2638.204 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT ETHICS GOVERNMENT ETHICS OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT ETHICS AND EXECUTIVE AGENCY ETHICS PROGRAM RESPONSIBILITIES Designated Agency Ethics Official §...

  4. 46 CFR 78.37-10 - Official log entires.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Official log entires. 78.37-10 Section 78.37-10 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) PASSENGER VESSELS OPERATIONS Logbook Entries § 78.37-10 Official log entires. (a) In addition to other items required to be entered in the...

  5. Penalties for official and military crimes in Roman criminal law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uliya Pershina

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The author considers the system of penalties for official and military crimes in the Roman criminal law. Most of the official crimes against public order in Ancient Rome was punished by exile outside the Roman state and penalties. Military discipline in the Roman army was supported by severe sanctions. They ranged from the death penalty to the imposition of special duties.

  6. 9 CFR 77.34 - Official tuberculosis tests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Official tuberculosis tests. 77.34... AGRICULTURE INTERSTATE TRANSPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL PRODUCTS TUBERCULOSIS Captive Cervids § 77.34 Official tuberculosis tests. (a) Single cervical tuberculin (SCT) test. (1) The SCT...

  7. Official Statistics, Globalization and World Democracy---A Challenge?

    OpenAIRE

    Malaguerra, Carlo

    2005-01-01

    Official statistics is facing new challenges, both quantitatively and qualitatively. This requires, among other things, further input of statistical methods. The interaction with statistical research becomes crucial. Due to globalization, international organisations have to play a major role in the development of official statistics. The ISI should also play an important role in seeking to achieve a comprehensive approach to statistical science.

  8. 32 CFR 806.16 - For official use only.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false For official use only. 806.16 Section 806.16 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE ADMINISTRATION AIR FORCE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT PROGRAM § 806.16 For official use only. (a) Markings. Record owners may...

  9. What Is Technology Education? A Review of the "Official Curriculum"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Ryan A.; Brown, Joshua W.

    2010-01-01

    Technology education, not to be confused with educational technology, has an "official curriculum." This article explores this "official curriculum" and answers the following questions; what are the goals of technology education, what should technology education look like in classrooms, and why technology education is important. This article…

  10. Keeping Public Officials Accountable through Dialogue: Resolving the Accountability Paradox.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Nancy C.

    2002-01-01

    Discusses Harmon's Accountability Paradox in relation to the accountability of public officials. Promotes the use of dialogue because its advantage outweighs its cost as a mechanism of accountability when officials confront problems that defy definition and solution and when traditional solution methods have failed. (Contains 54 references.) (JOW)

  11. 22 CFR 41.21 - Foreign Officials-General.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... official business for that government or international organization. (2) Attendants, as used in INA 101(a...) Definitions. In addition to pertinent INA definitions, the following definitions are applicable: (1... position, other than an honorary official position, with a government or international organization...

  12. 18 CFR 701.57 - Official decisions of the Council.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Official decisions of the Council. 701.57 Section 701.57 Conservation of Power and Water Resources WATER RESOURCES COUNCIL COUNCIL ORGANIZATION Headquarters Organization § 701.57 Official decisions of the Council....

  13. 76 FR 44934 - Announcement of Five Single Source Grant Awards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-27

    ... related to child development outcomes; improved school readiness; improved family socio-economic status... HUMAN SERVICES Administration for Children And Families Announcement of Five Single Source Grant Awards... Children and Families (ACF), Office of Child Care (OCC) announces the award of five Fiscal Year 2011...

  14. 45 CFR 1634.4 - Announcement of competition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Announcement of competition. 1634.4 Section 1634.4 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION COMPETITIVE BIDDING FOR GRANTS AND CONTRACTS § 1634.4 Announcement of competition. (a) The Corporation shall...

  15. 24 CFR 954.106 - Announcement of competition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Announcement of competition. 954... URBAN DEVELOPMENT INDIAN HOME PROGRAM Applying for Assistance § 954.106 Announcement of competition. A... submission of applications, the total funding available for the competition and any maximum amount...

  16. 7 CFR 1600.5 - Public announcement of meetings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL INFORMATION Meetings of the Board of Directors of the Rural Telephone Bank... exempt from disclosure under § 1600.6, each such public announcement will state the time, place, and... Board may omit from the announcement information usually included, if and to the extent that it...

  17. 78 FR 34395 - Announcement of Foreign-Trade Zones Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-07

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Announcement of Foreign-Trade Zones Test AGENCY: U.S. Customs... announces U.S. Customs and Border Protection's (``CBP's'') plan to conduct a voluntary general test regarding certain foreign-trade zone (``FTZ'' or ``zone'') activities. Pursuant to the FTZ test,...

  18. From the editors: special issue announcement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XiaozhaiQi; George C.Lee

    2008-01-01

    @@ This issue contains the first paper on lessons leamed from the Great Wenchuan Earthquake that JEEEV hopes to continue to provide to our readers. We welcome contributions for consideration for future publication. During the past several months, we have been considering "Special Issues" on a variety of topics for the journal ofEarthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration. We are pleased to announce that the December 2008 issue will befocused on "Seismic Design and Retrofit of Highway Bridges," with Professor Li Jianzhong of Tongji University andProfessor Ian Buckle of the University of Nevada at Reno serving as Guest Editors. We invite you to contribute to thisSpecial Issue by submitting a manuscript to either our Harbin or Buffalo office by August 15, 2008 with an indication"For 2008 Special Issue."

  19. NSF assistant director for geosciences announces resignation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zielinki, Sarah

    Margaret Leinen, assistant director for geosciences at the U.S. National Science Foundation, announced on 7 December that she will be leaving NSF in January 2007 to become the chief science officer and vice president of Climos, a new company based in San Francisco, Calif., that plans to develop solutions to reduce greenhouse gases. Leinen will oversee efforts to better understand the planet's carbon cycle to address global climate change issues.Leinen has managed the Directorate for Geosciences since 2000. She also served as vice chair of the U.S. Climate Change Science Program, which coordinates federal climate change research, and as co-chair of the National Science and Technology Council's Joint Committee on Ocean Science and Technology.

  20. 36 CFR 1200.4 - How does NARA use its official seals?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... official seals? 1200.4 Section 1200.4 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION GENERAL RULES OFFICIAL SEALS How are NARA's Official Seals and Logos Designed and Used? § 1200.4 How does NARA use its official seals? NARA uses its three official seals to authenticate...

  1. The potency and impotence of official language policy

    OpenAIRE

    Kristiansen, Tore

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to shed light on whether and to what extent a community’s ‘official language ideology’ – its explicitly professed language policy – has an impact on the speech community as such. Does the official language policy influence community members’ values and valuations in the domain of language? Does the official language policy influence the ways that language is used in the community? If so, does its influence on use seem to happen in virtue of a great influence on va...

  2. Alaska NAD 83 Official Protraction Diagram (OPD) Outlines

    Data.gov (United States)

    Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Department of the Interior — This data set contains Official Protraction Diagram (OPD) outlines in ESRI shapefile format. At lower latitudes (0-48 degrees) OPDs are 1 degree in latitude by 2...

  3. Official Protraction Diagram and Leasing Map Boundaries - Direct Download

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer shows official protraction diagram (OPD) and leasing map boundaries covering areas of the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) within Federal jurisdiction....

  4. Green Non-dyed Textile Innovation Alliance officially launched

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    June 29, the Green Non-dyed Textile Innovation Alliance was officially launched by the China Textile Information Center, Nationa Textile Product Development Center together with China Chemical Fiber Industry Association

  5. Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagrams - Alaska Region NAD 83

    Data.gov (United States)

    Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Department of the Interior — This data set contains Official Protraction Diagram (OPD) outlines in ESRI shapefile format. At lower latitudes (0-48 degrees) OPDs are 1 degree in latitude by 2...

  6. Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagrams - Atlantic Region NAD 83

    Data.gov (United States)

    Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Department of the Interior — This data set contains Official Protraction Diagram (OPD) outlines in ESRI shapefile format. Atlantic Region OPDs are approximately 2 degrees wide by one degree...

  7. 12 CFR 740.4 - Requirements for the official sign.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... principal place of business and all of its branches. (c) To avoid any member confusion from the use of the... Federal Credit Union Act regarding the official sign, 12 U.S.C. 1785(a), or any requirement in this...

  8. Virginia Tech Recreational Sports to host basketball officiating certification

    OpenAIRE

    Gehrt, Katie

    2009-01-01

    Love basketball? Want to become more involved with the game? Virginia Tech Recreational Sports is hosting High School Basketball Officiating Certification classes held in the McComas Hall conference room this fall semester.

  9. Training of district officials on radiation emergency preparedness: Kalpakkam experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The role of the district officials is crucial in implementation of protective measures in any emergency such as cyclones, floods, earthquake etc. This is especially so in a radiation emergency. It is necessary that the district officials are well informed about the nuclear facility and its design features in general and about radiological safety in particular to be able to present a proper perspective to the public about radiation risk and also to ensure smooth implementation of the emergency plans. In an ongoing training programme at Kalpakkam, now in its fourth year in succession, so far about 2000 district officials from various departments have been covered. The paper describes the general content of the training and the experience gained. The effectiveness of the training is evident from the response of the district officials during the two mock exercises conducted so far. (author). 2 tabs

  10. De facto and official exchange rate regimes in transition economies

    OpenAIRE

    von Hagen, Jürgen; Zhou, Jizhong

    2002-01-01

    This paper provides an empirical investigation on the discrepancies between official exchange rate regimes and de facto exchange rate policies in transition economies. Since official and de facto regime choices are not independent of each other, we adopt a bivariate probit model to describe the joint determination of the two regime choices. After finding the important determinants of both regime choices, we use a univariate probit model to describe the determination of regime discrepancies. W...

  11. III Olympic Winter Games, Lake Placid 1932: Official Report

    OpenAIRE

    Lattimer, George M

    2013-01-01

    The work: “III Olympic Winter Games, Lake Placid 1932: official report” provides a very full report on the organisation and running of the Olympic Games and a detailed history of the pioneering role of Lake Placid in the development of winter sport. It consists of one 291-page volume, published in English. Part I: Official congratulations ; List of officers and committees ; Olympic regulations and protocol and general rules ; Brief history of the Olympic Winter Games ; History of winter sport...

  12. Data Visualisation: A Motivational and Teaching Tool in Official Statistics

    OpenAIRE

    Forbes, Sharleen Denise

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports on the use, in 2011, of some recent data visualizations to both motivate students and assist them to understanding underlying official statistics concepts. Examples of visualisations used in a Masters course in public policy and an applied statistics honours course are presented. These visualizations are free, either on-line or open-source and easy to access. Although they are of aggregates of very large official data sets and so may mask some of the underlying variation th...

  13. DANTE announces new research and education link to India

    CERN Document Server

    2006-01-01

    "Research networking organization DANTE (Delivery of Advanced Network Technology to Europe) has announced that high-speed communication links for students and researchers between India and Europe are now live." (1 page)

  14. Levi Strauss and H&M Announce Ban on Sandblasting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    As a commitment to the health and safety of workers across the apparel industry, Levi Strauss & Co. and Hennes & Mauritz AB (H&M) announced plans to implement a global ban on sandblasting in all of their future product

  15. Center for Global Health announces grants to support portable technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    NCI’s Center for Global Health announced grants that will support the development and validation of low-cost, portable technologies. These technologies have the potential to improve early detection, diagnosis, and non-invasive or minimally invasive treatm

  16. PPARC announces £30m for physics Grid

    CERN Multimedia

    Maddock, Julia

    2007-01-01

    "Science computing in the UK has been boosted with the announcement by the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council (PPARC) of £30m further funding for the UK's largest scientific Grid." (2/3 page)

  17. Vehicular regulations announced for Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This document is an announcement pertaining to regulations published in the Federal Register concerning the Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge. The regulations all...

  18. Soft Information in Earnings Announcements: News or Noise?

    OpenAIRE

    Elizabeth Demers; Clara Vega

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines whether the "soft" information contained in the text of management's quarterly earnings press releases is incrementally informative over the company's reported "hard" earnings news. We use Diction, a textual-analysis program, to extract various dimensions of managerial net optimism from more than 20,000 corporate earnings announcements over the period 1998 to 2006 and document that unanticipated net optimism in managers' language affects announcement period abnormal return...

  19. Australia announces plans for expanded marine reserve network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Showstack, Randy

    2012-06-01

    Australia announces plans for expanded marine reserve network The Australian government has announced plans to increase the nation's network of marine reserves from 27 to 60, bringing the total size of the network to 3.1 million square kilometers, Australia's environment minister Tony Burke said on 14 June. The expansion, which would place more than one third of Australia's waters under protection, requires a 60-day consultation before it can become law.

  20. News or noise? an analysis of Brazilian GDP announcements

    OpenAIRE

    Rebeca de la Rocque Palis; Roberto Luis Olinto Ramos; Patrice Robitaille

    2004-01-01

    Revisions to GDP announcements in many countries are often large, and Faust, Rogers, and Wright (2003) have found that G-7 GDP revisions are predictable to varying degrees. In this paper, we extend FRW to study revisions to Brazilian GDP announcements. We document that revisions to Brazilian GDP are large relative to those of G-7 countries. Brazilian GDP revisions are also predictable, which is consistent with the view that GDP revisions correct errors in preliminary GDP rather than reflect n...

  1. Earnings announcements and the variability of stock returns

    OpenAIRE

    Eilifsen, Aasmund; Knivsflå, Kjell Henry; Sættem, Frode

    1999-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the dissemination process of firm-specific annual earnings information in the Norwegian capital market. We find a significant reduction in stock price volatility in the post-announcement period relative to the pre-announcement period for companies traded on the Oslo Stock Exchange in the period 1990-1995. Potential explanations for this phenomenon are tested by relating the observed return volatility to changes in the volatility of the underlying business, the spe...

  2. UK Announces Intention to Join ESO

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-11-01

    Summary The Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council (PPARC) , the UK's strategic science investment agency, today announced that the government of the United Kingdom is making funds available that provide a baseline for this country to join the European Southern Observatory (ESO) . The ESO Director General, Dr. Catherine Cesarsky , and the ESO Community warmly welcome this move towards fuller integration in European astronomy. "With the UK as a potential member country of ESO, our joint opportunities for front-line research and technology will grow significantly", she said. "This announcement is a clear sign of confidence in ESO's abilities, most recently demonstrated with the construction and operation of the unique Very Large Telescope (VLT) on Paranal. Together we will look forward with confidence towards new, exciting projects in ground-based astronomy." It was decided earlier this year to place the 4-m UK Visible and Infrared Survey Telescope (VISTA) at Paranal, cf. ESO Press Release 03/00. Following negotiations between ESO and PPARC, a detailed proposal for the associated UK/ESO Agreement with the various entry modalities will now be presented to the ESO Council for approval. Before this Agreement can enter into force, the ESO Convention and associated protocols must also be ratified by the UK Parliament. Research and key technologies According to the PPARC press release, increased funding for science, announced by the UK government today, will enable UK astronomers to prepare for the next generation of telescopes and expand their current telescope portfolio through membership of the European Southern Observatory (ESO). The uplift to its baseline budget will enable PPARC to enter into final negotiations for UK membership of the ESO. This will ensure that UK astronomers, together with their colleagues in the ESO member states, are actively involved in global scale preparations for the next generation of astronomy facilities. among these are ALMA

  3. 12 CFR Supplement I to Part 226 - Official Staff Interpretations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... print media, are covered by Regulation Z (12 CFR part 226). i. Examples include: A. Messages in a newspaper, magazine, leaflet, promotional flyer, or catalog. B. Announcements on radio, television, or... finance charges, Spanish language disclosures, record retention, and use of model forms, also apply...

  4. Eichenprozessionsspinnerassoziierte gesundheitliche Gefahren im Land Brandenburg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Floss, Hans

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Die Ergebnisse dieser Umfrage sprechen dafür, dass nach einer Exposition gegenüber EPS-Raupen die weitaus meisten symptomatischen Patienten über juckende Hautausschläge klagen, wohingegen ernste Komplikationen (Hospitalisation, allergischer Schock nur selten auftreten. Relativ häufig kommt es zu Arbeitsunfähigkeit.

  5. The potency and impotence of official language policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansen, Tore

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to shed light on whether and to what extent a community’s ‘official language ideology’ – its explicitly professed language policy – has an impact on the speech community as such. Does the official language policy influence community members’ values and valuations...... in the domain of language? Does the official language policy influence the ways that language is used in the community? If so, does its influence on use seem to happen in virtue of a great influence on values, or in spite of little influence on values? I shall attempt to answer these questions by making...... purism’ towards English across several Nordic speech communities. Thus, in both settings we will depart from a characterisation of ‘official’ language ideology, which in turn will be compared, firstly, to ‘lay’ language ideology – as this is offered both consciously and subconsciously (since...

  6. Official Basketball Rules for Girls and Women. July 1972 - July 1973. Reprint.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Washington, DC. Div. for Girls and Women's Sports.

    The official American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation (AAHPER) rules for girls and women's basketball, July 1972 - July 1973 are listed. Exact court measurements are given as are official scoring rules, timing procedures, duties of officials, definition of playing terms, violations and penalties, and officials' signals.…

  7. 9 CFR 312.5 - Official seals for transportation of products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Official seals for transportation of... INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION OFFICIAL MARKS, DEVICES AND CERTIFICATES § 312.5 Official seals for... and any seal approved by the Administrator for applying such mark shall be an official device...

  8. 36 CFR 1200.8 - How do I request to use the official seals?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... official seals? 1200.8 Section 1200.8 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION GENERAL RULES OFFICIAL SEALS Procedures for the Public To Request and Use NARA Seals and Logos § 1200.8 How do I request to use the official seals? You may only use the official seals and logos...

  9. 45 CFR 681.16 - Can the reviewing official or ALJ be disqualified?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Can the reviewing official or ALJ be disqualified... reviewing official or ALJ be disqualified? (a) A reviewing official or an ALJ may disqualify himself or herself at any time. (b) Upon motion of any party, the reviewing official or ALJ may be disqualified...

  10. 14 CFR 1264.115 - Disqualification of reviewing official or presiding officer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Disqualification of reviewing official or... reviewing official or presiding officer. (a) A reviewing official or presiding officer in a particular case... motion for disqualification of a reviewing official or a presiding officer. Such motion shall...

  11. 34 CFR 33.16 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. 33.16... § 33.16 Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. (a) A reviewing official or ALJ in a particular... disqualification of a reviewing official or an ALJ. That motion must be accompanied by an affidavit...

  12. 10 CFR 13.16 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. 13.16... of reviewing official or ALJ. (a) A reviewing official or ALJ in a particular case may disqualify... reviewing official or an ALJ. Such motion shall be accompanied by an affidavit alleging personal bias...

  13. 38 CFR 42.16 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... reviewing official or ALJ. 42.16 Section 42.16 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF... Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. (a) A reviewing official or ALJ in a particular case may disqualify... reviewing official or an ALJ. The motion shall be accompanied by an affidavit alleging personal bias...

  14. 12 CFR 308.515 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ... Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. (a) A reviewing official or ALJ in a particular case may disqualify... reviewing official or an ALJ. An affidavit alleging conflict of interest or other reason...

  15. 22 CFR 35.16 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ... CIVIL REMEDIES § 35.16 Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. (a) A reviewing official or ALJ in... motion for disqualification of a reviewing official or an ALJ. Such motion shall be accompanied by...

  16. 49 CFR 31.16 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. 31... REMEDIES § 31.16 Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. (a) A reviewing official or ALJ in a... disqualification of a reviewing official or an ALJ. Such motion shall be accompanied by an affidavit...

  17. 29 CFR 22.16 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. 22.16 Section... Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. (a) A reviewing official or ALJ in a particular case may disqualify... reviewing official or an ALJ. Such motion shall be accompanied by an affidavit alleging personal bias...

  18. 41 CFR 105-70.016 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... reviewing official or ALJ. 105-70.016 Section 105-70.016 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal... Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. (a) A reviewing official or ALJ in a particular case may disqualify... reviewing official or an ALJ. Such motion shall be accompanied by an affidavit alleging personal bias...

  19. 15 CFR 25.16 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Disqualification of reviewing official... Fraud Civil Remedies § 25.16 Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. (a) A reviewing official or... ALJ a motion for disqualification of a reviewing official or an ALJ. Such motion shall be...

  20. 20 CFR 405.220 - Decision by the Federal reviewing official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Decision by the Federal reviewing official... PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Review of Initial Determinations by a Federal Reviewing Official § 405.220 Decision by the Federal reviewing official. (a) The Federal reviewing official will...

  1. 20 CFR 355.16 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ... Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. (a) A reviewing official or ALJ in a particular case may disqualify... reviewing official or an ALJ. Such motion shall be accompanied by an affidavit alleging personal bias...

  2. 45 CFR 2554.19 - Can the reviewing official or ALJ be disqualified?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Can the reviewing official or ALJ be disqualified... § 2554.19 Can the reviewing official or ALJ be disqualified? (a) A reviewing official or an ALJ may disqualify himself or herself at any time. (b) Upon motion of any party, the reviewing official or ALJ may...

  3. 10 CFR 1013.16 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. 1013.16... PROCEDURES § 1013.16 Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. (a) A reviewing official or ALJ in a... disqualification of a reviewing official or an ALJ. Such motion shall be accompanied by an affidavit...

  4. 7 CFR 800.185 - Duties of official personnel and warehouse samplers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Duties of official personnel and warehouse samplers... official personnel and warehouse samplers. (a) General. Official personnel and warehouse samplers shall... of § 800.161. (d) Scope of operations. Official personnel and warehouse samplers shall operate...

  5. THE USE OF OFFICIAL LANGUAGES ACT: DIVERSITY AFFIRMED?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JL (Loot Pretorius

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available SUMMARYA full sixteen years after the coming into force of the 1996 Constitution, Parliament responded to the constitutional obligation to regulate and monitor, by legislative and other means, the use of official languages by adopting the Use of Official Languages Act 12 of 2012. The Act represents a very limited normative appreciation of this constitutional instruction. The official language clause of the Constitution expresses a normative commitment regarding the positive affirmation of linguistic diversity, which is directly informed by and closely aligned to the core normative values of the Constitution. The Constitution’s positive evaluation of difference, including linguistic difference, inter alia, flows from the values of substantive equality, equal citizenship, dignity and proportionality. However, the way in which the Act institutionalises the promotion of inclusive linguistic diversity does not reflect an unambiguous recognition of this obligation being normatively embedded in the foundational value structure of the Constitution. The real responsibility for decisions regarding official language use is located in the policy-making competence of non-independent administrative bodies. The Act itself is devoid of instructive standards of its own to guide administrative decision-making regarding official language use. This results in the responsibility for making the most important normative choices regarding the use of official languages not being reserved for the legislative process, but entrusted to non-independent advisory administrative bodies. The nature of the Act confirms that it never was the intention of the government to be bound by legislation in this respect. This modus operandi is democratically deficient and compromises both the separation of powers and the principle of legal certainty as fundamental tenets of the rule of law.

  6. Official Document and its Translation with the adaptation theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhou Longying; Leng Xiaoli

    2012-01-01

    with the principle of cognitive consonance, this thesis studied official document translation from the perspectives of contextual correlates and communicative correlates. Specifically, among the contextual correlates, the social and cultural factors, the mental workings, cognitive mechanism, the translator' s intentions, the needs for objective and authoritative information, the aesthetic expectations and acceptability of the target receptors are prominent in their influence upon the translator' s linguistic choice-making. The linguistic contextual correlates including intertexuality, contextual cohesion, sequencing,and style play a very important role in determining the translators' linguistic choices in the official document translation.

  7. [Announcement of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis diagnosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Couratier, P; Desport, J C; Torny, F; Lacoste, M

    2006-06-01

    Breaking the news of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is considered as a daunting task in most cases and is not a standardizable procedure. However, proven techniques exist to reduce the trauma to the patient. Announcing ALS falls upen the neurologist who must respect the ethical principle of the patient's independence. After the diagnosis is firmly established, the patient should be informed that he or she has a progressive disease of the motor nerves, for which no curative therapy is available. The name of the disease must be stated and explained. If the family history is negative, it is reassuring for the patient and family to know that their children are unlikely to be at risk. Positive aspects (no pain, no disturbances in sensation, cognition, memory and continence) should be stressed as well as the availability of efficient palliative measures for practically all symptoms. Current research efforts, and when available, the possibility of taking part in clinical studies of new drugs should be pointed out as a means of hope. The answer to the question of prognosis should include the information that there are no sudden worsenings to be expected, that the course of ALS may vary between months and decades, that making a firm statement on prognosis all but impossible for any single patient and that respiratory function may worsen during the disease course. It is therefore mandatory to inform patients and families about the existence of ALS patients'associations. The way the patient is told the diagnosis is of great importance and is considered as a multiple-step procedure. Discussion should take place in a private and quiet room and respect some fundamental objectives such as finding out what the patient already knows or suspects and how much more the patient wants to know, observing and responding to the patient's reactions, reinforcing the information and planning the future. It is proven that communicating the diagnosis of ALS in an empathetic fashion is an

  8. Do Firms Announcing Cash Refund Capital Reductions have Investment Value?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Su-Yin Cheng

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Cash refund capital reduction is a unique financial tool used by listed firms in Taiwan. This study investigates announcements of cash refund capital reductions to explore two topics. First, we examine the short-term, mid-term, and long-term buy-and-hold excess returns after the announcement. The results indicate that no excess returns are seen in the short and midterm,whereas long-term excess returns are positive and statistically significant. Second, we investigate the critical determinants of long-term excess return. The findings suggest that if a firm announces a cash refund capital reduction becomes more attractive to investors, the firm shall accompany with reduced firm size, reduced capital expenditure ratio, and improved return on equity (ROE and an increased debt ratio.

  9. 43 CFR 6.3 - Action by supervisory officials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Section 6.3 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior PATENT REGULATIONS Inventions... other official correspondence on patent matters is one of the regular duties of an employee who has made... information he may have concerning the governmental and commercial value of the invention. (b) The head of...

  10. 37 CFR 10.93 - Contact with officials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Section 10.93 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE REPRESENTATION OF OTHERS BEFORE THE PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE Patent and Trademark Office Code... lend anything of value to a judge, official, or employee of a tribunal under circumstances which...

  11. 29 CFR 801.74 - Retention of official record.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Retention of official record. 801.74 Section 801.74 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OTHER LAWS APPLICATION OF THE EMPLOYEE POLYGRAPH PROTECTION ACT OF 1988 Administrative Proceedings Record § 801.74...

  12. 29 CFR 801.75 - Certification of official record.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Certification of official record. 801.75 Section 801.75 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OTHER LAWS APPLICATION OF THE EMPLOYEE POLYGRAPH PROTECTION ACT OF 1988 Administrative Proceedings Record §...

  13. 12 CFR 1700.3 - Official logo and seal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT OFHEO ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS § 1700.3 Official logo and seal. The... of a structure consisting of a solid two-tiered pedestal base topped by a solid triangular shape, which represents the roof of the structure. Placed between the base and the top are the letters...

  14. The Rural Information Center: Information Needs for Local Rural Officials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    John, Patricia La Caille

    1989-01-01

    Discusses the services provided by the Rural Information Center (RIC), a joint project of the Extension Service and the National Agricultural Library designed to provide information and referral services to local government officials. Numerous examples of requests received by the RIC and the services provided in response to those requests are…

  15. 7 CFR 800.46 - Requirements for obtaining official services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... preceding business day. (6) Observation of activities. Each applicant for official services must provide any interested person, or their agent, an opportunity to observe sampling, inspection, weighing, and loading or... identification, quantity, and specific location of the grain; (ii) the name and mailing address of the...

  16. Philosophy of Education Society of Australasia: The Official Record

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haynes, Bruce

    2009-01-01

    This article presents the official record of The Philosophy of Education Society of Australasia (PESA). The Society faces a number of continuing challenges. It maintains its record for holding conferences that meet the needs of its members, has resumed publication of conference proceedings, but this has largely been superseded by the placing of…

  17. 4 CFR 83.11 - Official Personnel Folder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 4 Accounts 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Official Personnel Folder. 83.11 Section 83.11 Accounts... Memorandum of Understanding and the provisions of regulations of U.S. OPM contained in 5 CFR parts 293, 294... temporary nature filed on the left side of the Folder; and (ii) Ensure that all permanent documents of...

  18. Official Language Bilingualism for Allophones in Canada: Exploring Future Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mady, Callie; Turnbull, Miles

    2012-01-01

    This article offers a review of policy and research as they relate to Allophones and their access to French Second Official Language (FSOL) programs in English-dominant Canada. Possible areas of future research are woven throughout the review as questions emerge in the summary of relevant literature. (Contains 3 notes.)

  19. 78 FR 52431 - Amendments to ONRR's Service of Official Correspondence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-23

    ... language with clear legal standards. Consultation With Indian Tribes (E.O. 13175 and Department Policy) DOI...) established 30 CFR part 218, subpart H--Service of Official Correspondence. 71 FR 51749 (August 31, 2006). On... substantive change. 75 FR 61051 (Oct. 4, 2010). Section 1218.540(a) deals specifically with methods of...

  20. Learning French as a Second Official Language: Reserved for Anglophones?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mady, Callie; Turnbull, Miles

    2010-01-01

    This article reviews federal language policies and provincial curriculum documents as they relate to Allophones and their access to French as a Second Official Language (FSOL) programs across Canada. Results of a detailed document analysis reveal that policies provide obstacles to access for allophone immigrants to Canada who seek to learn both…

  1. The criminal law responsibility of officials under environmental criminal law

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The legal application of environmental criminal law has attributed to office-bearers of the environmental administration a determining function in the field of criminal protection of legal objects. Criminal law shall prevent the misuse of official authority. In this connection law has to observe the limits of admissible procedure of the administration. (CW)

  2. Delegation of Local Government Officials Visits Australia and New Zealand

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>At the invitation of the Australian Sister Cities Association (ASCA), the CPAFFC sent a delegation of local government officials to Australia to attend its national conference and visited New Zealand on its way from July 31 to August 14.

  3. 14 CFR 1261.403 - Consultation with appropriate officials; negotiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...; negotiation. 1261.403 Section 1261.403 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION... appropriate officials; negotiation. (a) The authority pursuant to § 1261.402 to determine to forego collection... respect to claims against commercial carriers for loss of or damage to NASA freight shipment—the...

  4. 27 CFR 4.51 - Exhibiting certificates to Government officials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Exhibiting certificates to Government officials. 4.51 Section 4.51 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS LABELING AND ADVERTISING OF WINE Requirements...

  5. 39 CFR 601.108 - SDR Official disagreement resolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false SDR Official disagreement resolution. 601.108... disagreement resolution. (a) General. If a disagreement under § 601.107 is not resolved within 10 days after it... supplier is not satisfied with the contracting officer's resolution of the disagreement, or if the...

  6. 44 CFR 206.41 - Appointment of disaster officials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Appointment of disaster officials. 206.41 Section 206.41 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE FEDERAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE The Declaration Process §...

  7. Biopharmaceuticals. Official position of Russian Association of Endocrinologists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    . Russian Association of Endocrinologists

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Some of the glucose-lowering drugs are biopharmaceuticals. This letter states the official position of the Russian Association of Endocrinologists about the treatment with biopharmaceuticals of patients with endocrine disorders. This topic has not yet beenadequately reflected in the legal regulation of the drug market in the Russian Federation 

  8. Official and Popular Culture in the Schooling Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Gabriel, Narciso

    2014-01-01

    This article analyses the schooling process in rural areas of Galicia (Spain) from the mid-nineteenth to the mid-twentieth century, considering educational initiatives promoted by both the state and the rural population. The former, which were governed by the official school culture, were driven by a moralistic approach; the latter, within the…

  9. Construction Milestone Announced on Green Bank Telescope

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-04-01

    The National Radio Astronomy Observatory announces completion of a major construction milestone on the world's largest fully steerable radio telescope - the National Science Foundation's Green Bank Telescope (GBT). The last of 2,004 aluminum surface panels was recently installed on the GBT's two-acre (100 m x 110 m) collecting dish. The telescope is located at NRAO's Green Bank site, in rural Pocahontas County, West Virginia. The GBT will be used to study everything from the formation of galaxies in the early universe, to the chemical make-up of the dust and gas inside galaxies and in the voids that separate them, to the birth processes of stars. In conjunction with other instruments, it will help make highly accurate radar maps of some familiar objects in our own solar system. The GBT is an engineering marvel. At 485 feet tall, it is comparable in height to the Washington Monument. It weighs 16 million pounds, yet by swiveling the dish in both azimuth and elevation, it can be pointed to any point in the sky with exquisite accuracy. Additionally, the telescope's two-acre collecting dish has many novel features. Most radio telescopes in use today use receivers suspended above the dish by four struts. These struts block some of the surface of the dish, scattering some of the incoming radio waves from celestial objects under study. The GBT's offset feedarm has no struts to block incoming radio waves. The GBT also boasts an active surface. The surface of the dish is composed of 2,004 panels. On the underside of the dish, actuators are located at each corner (i.e., intersection of four panels). These actuators are motors that move the surface panels up and down, keeping the (paraboloid) shape of the dish precisely adjusted, no matter what the tilt of the telescope. The combination of its unblocked aperture and active surface promise that the GBT will display extremely high sensitivity to faint radio signals. The GBT itself is not the only precious national resource in

  10. 78 FR 16279 - HUD Healthcare Facility Documents: Notice Announcing Final Approved Documents and Assignment of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-14

    ... the public review process for obtaining approval of changes to these specific healthcare facility... URBAN DEVELOPMENT HUD Healthcare Facility Documents: Notice Announcing Final Approved Documents and... Commissioner, HUD. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This notice announces that the healthcare facility documents...

  11. 76 FR 18292 - Announcement of a Meeting of the International Telecommunication Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    ... Announcement of a Meeting of the International Telecommunication Advisory Committee SUMMARY: This notice announces a meeting of the International Telecommunication Advisory Committee (ITAC) to prepare for the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) World Radiocommunication Conference and the...

  12. 76 FR 48939 - Announcement of Meeting of the International Telecommunication Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-09

    ... Announcement of Meeting of the International Telecommunication Advisory Committee SUMMARY: This notice announces a meeting of the International Telecommunication Advisory Subcommittees (ITAC) on August 22, 2011... advice from the telecommunications industry on: (a) The consultation of International...

  13. 75 FR 35122 - Announcement of Meetings of the International Telecommunication Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-21

    ... Announcement of Meetings of the International Telecommunication Advisory Committee Summary: This notice announces meetings of the International Telecommunication Advisory Committee (ITAC) to start preparations for the 2010 Plenipotentiary Conference of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and...

  14. 76 FR 1663 - Announcement of a Meeting of the International Telecommunication Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-11

    ... Announcement of a Meeting of the International Telecommunication Advisory Committee SUMMARY: This notice announces a meeting of the International Telecommunication Advisory Committee (ITAC) to prepare for the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) World Conference on International Telecommunications, as well as...

  15. 75 FR 10860 - Announcement of a Meeting of the International Telecommunication Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-09

    ... Announcement of a Meeting of the International Telecommunication Advisory Committee SUMMARY: This notice announces a meeting of the International Telecommunication Advisory Committee (ITAC) to prepare for an April 19- 30 meeting of International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Telecommunication...

  16. 75 FR 76982 - Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS); Announcement of Availability of Literature Searches...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-10

    ... AGENCY Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS); Announcement of Availability of Literature Searches for... literature searches for IRIS assessments; request for information. SUMMARY: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is announcing the availability of literature searches for four IRIS...

  17. 78 FR 19735 - Announcement Regarding a Change in Eligibility for Unemployment Insurance (UI) Claimants in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-02

    ...: Notice. SUMMARY: Announcement regarding a change in eligibility for Unemployment Insurance (UI) claimants..., Employment and Training Administration, Office of Unemployment Insurance, 200 Constitution Avenue NW... Employment and Training Administration. Announcement Regarding a Change in Eligibility for...

  18. 78 FR 38074 - Announcement Regarding a Change in Eligibility for Unemployment Insurance (UI) Claimants in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-25

    ...: Notice. SUMMARY: Announcement regarding a change in eligibility for Unemployment Insurance (UI) claimants... Employment and Training Administration Announcement Regarding a Change in Eligibility for Unemployment Insurance (UI) Claimants in Alabama, Alaska, Delaware, Illinois, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Ohio,...

  19. 45 CFR 503.25 - Announcement of meetings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... notice of the subject matter of the meeting, except to the extent that the information is exempt from disclosure under the provisions of § 503.24. ... in its offices at 600 E Street, NW, Washington, DC, from time to time as announced by timely...

  20. 5 CFR 362.202 - Announcement, nomination, and selection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... for, as well as a clear interest in and commitment to, leadership in the analysis and management of.... 362.202 Section 362.202 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PRESIDENTIAL MANAGEMENT FELLOWS PROGRAM Program Administration § 362.202 Announcement,...

  1. 76 FR 16409 - Notice Announcing Preliminary Permit Drawing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-23

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Notice Announcing Preliminary Permit Drawing Lock+ Hydro Friends Fund XXXIV... random drawing to determine the filing priority of the applicants identified in this notice. The...\\ The priority established by this drawing will be used to determine which applicant, among those...

  2. 76 FR 4893 - Notice Announcing Preliminary Permit Drawing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-27

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Notice Announcing Preliminary Permit Drawing January 20, 2011. Lock Hydro..., at 10 a.m. (eastern time), the Secretary of the Commission, or her designee, will, by random drawing, determine the filing priority for the three applicants identified in this notice. The drawing is open to...

  3. 76 FR 16406 - Notice Announcing Preliminary Permit Drawing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-23

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Notice Announcing Preliminary Permit Drawing ] Lock+ Hydro Friends Fund... random drawing to determine the filing priority of the applicants identified in this notice. The...\\ The priority established by this drawing will be used to determine which applicant, among those...

  4. 76 FR 16408 - Notice Announcing Preliminary Permit Drawing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-23

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Notice Announcing Preliminary Permit Drawing Lock+ Hydro Friends Fund XXXVII... Secretary of the Commission, or her designee, will conduct a random drawing to determine the filing priority... applications as provided in section 4.37 of its regulations.\\2\\ The priority established by this drawing...

  5. 77 FR 24197 - Notice Announcing Preliminary Permit Drawing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-23

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Notice Announcing Preliminary Permit Drawing Mississippi 8 Hydro, LLC... drawing to determine the filing priority of the applicants identified in this notice. The Commission will... priority established by this drawing will be used to determine which applicant, among those with...

  6. 75 FR 32459 - Notice Announcing Preliminary Permit Drawing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-08

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Notice Announcing Preliminary Permit Drawing May 28, 2010. In the matter of... Commission, or her designee, will, by random drawing, determine the filing priority for the two applicants identified in this notice. The drawing is open to the public and will be held in room 2C, the...

  7. 77 FR 10739 - Notice Announcing Preliminary Permit Drawing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-23

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Notice Announcing Preliminary Permit Drawing Project No. FFP Project 91, LLC... Secretary of the Commission, or her designee, will conduct a random drawing to determine the filing priority... applications as provided in section 4.37 of its regulations.\\2\\ The priority established by this drawing...

  8. 77 FR 9915 - Notice Announcing Preliminary Permit Drawing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-21

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Notice Announcing Preliminary Permit Drawing Lock+ Hydro Friends Fund XLI... conduct a random drawing to determine the filing priority of the applicants identified in this notice. The...\\ The priority established by this drawing will be used to determine which applicant, among those...

  9. 76 FR 4894 - Notice Announcing Preliminary Permit Drawing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-27

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Notice Announcing Preliminary Permit Drawing January 20, 2011. Lock Hydro... Commission, or her designee, will, by random drawing, determine the filing priority for the two applicants identified in this notice. The drawing is open to the public and will be held in room 2C, the...

  10. 76 FR 15972 - Notice Announcing Preliminary Permit Drawing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-22

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Notice Announcing Preliminary Permit Drawing Project No. Lock+ Hydro Friends... designee, will conduct a random drawing to determine the filing priority of the applicants identified in... of its regulations.\\2\\ The priority established by this drawing will be used to determine...

  11. Levi Strauss and H&M Announce Ban on Sandblasting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ As a commitment to the health and safety of workers across the apparel industry, Levi Strauss & Co. and Hennes& Mauritz AB (H&M) announced plans to implement a global ban on sandblasting in all of their future product lines. The two companies are encouraging others to join this ban in a move toward eliminating sandblasting as an industry practice.

  12. Oracle announces increased uptake of Oracle9i Application Server

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Oracle Europe this week announced that increasingly, companies in the region are selecting the Oracle9i Application Server (Oracle9iAS) to develop and deploy web-based business application. CERN is one of its customers (1/2 page).

  13. 10 CFR 9.107 - Public announcement of Commission meetings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Public announcement of Commission meetings. 9.107 Section 9.107 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION PUBLIC RECORDS Government in the Sunshine Act Regulations... if: (1) A majority of the entire membership of the Commission determines by a recorded vote...

  14. Continental Announces Carbon Offsetting Program with Sustainable Travel International

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ On December 3,2007,HOUSTON,-Continental Airlines announced that it has launched acarbon offsetting program,developed in partnership with non-profit Sustainable Travel International which is a US-based non-profit organization whose mission is to promote sustainable development and responsible travel by providing programs.

  15. ATLAS Collaboration Reaction to 2013 Physics Nobel Prize Announcement

    CERN Multimedia

    Abdeslam Hoummada

    2013-01-01

    Physicists from ATLAS took a brief time out from their collaboration week in Marrakech, Morocco to watch the announcement of the Nobel Prize in Physics for 2013. To their delight, it was awarded to Francois Englert and Peter Higgs for their pioneering work on the electroweak-symmetry-breaking mechanism in 1964.

  16. BP Announces Withdrawal from West-to-East Gas Project

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@ On August 31, 2001, BP announced that BP would not participate in the bidding launched by PetroChina for the West-to-East gas transmission project,China's landmark project for West Development that is valued billions of US dollars.

  17. Lord Sainsbury announces outcome of Research Council review

    CERN Multimedia

    Dept. Trade & Industry

    2002-01-01

    Science and Innovation Minister, Lord Sainsbury, today announced the outcome of a review of the Council for the Central Laboratory of the Research Councils (CCLRC). The report is the second stage of a five-yearly review, which outlines ways to strengthen and promote greater value for money from the UK's investment in science (1 page).

  18. IBM announces global Grid computing solutions for banking, financial markets

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    "IBM has announced a series of Grid projects around the world as part of its Grid computing program. They include IBM new Grid-based product offerings with business intelligence software provider SAS and other partners that address the computer-intensive needs of the banking and financial markets industry (1 page)."

  19. 75 FR 71421 - Notice Announcing OMB Approval of Information Collections

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-23

    ...) announces that the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has approved certain collections of information... expiration dates. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For the Talent Search Program: Geraldine Smith, U.S... collection is June 30, 2013. OMB Control No. 1840-0818, Talent Search Grant Application. The expiration...

  20. 29 CFR 775.1 - Advisory interpretations announced by the Administrator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Advisory interpretations announced by the Administrator. 775.1 Section 775.1 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT... § 775.1 Advisory interpretations announced by the Administrator. Advisory interpretations announced...

  1. 42 CFR 422.312 - Announcement of annual capitation rate, benchmarks, and methodology changes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Announcement of annual capitation rate, benchmarks... Payments to Medicare Advantage Organizations § 422.312 Announcement of annual capitation rate, benchmarks... description of the risk and other factors. (3) Regional benchmark announcement. Before the beginning of...

  2. Official (ISC)2 guide to the CISSP CBK

    CERN Document Server

    Gordon, Adam

    2015-01-01

    As a result of a rigorous, methodical process that (ISC)² follows to routinely update its credential exams, it has announced that enhancements will be made to both the Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) credential, beginning April 15, 2015. (ISC)² conducts this process on a regular basis to ensure that the examinations and subsequent training and continuing professional education requirements encompass the topic areas relevant to the roles and responsibilities of today's practicing information security professionals.Refreshed technical content has been added to the off

  3. REVISION AND REWRITING IN OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS: CONCEPTS AND METHODOLOGICAL ORIENTATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renilson José MENEGASSI

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The text discuss how the concepts and the methodological orientations about text revision and rewriting processes, in teaching context, are conceived, presented and guide the Portuguese Language teacher’s work. To this end, the concepts of revision and rewriting are characterized in four Brazilian official documents, two from national scope and two from Paraná state. The information was organized from what the documents show about the teacher and student attitude face to the investigated concepts, which determine the methodological orientations to the text production work. The results show irregularities in these processes handling, highlighting one of the official documents, from national scope, as the one that presents more suitable methodological and conceptual orientations. It shows that the documents which guide the mother language teaching in the country are still not appropriately discussing the writing text production process, specifically the revision and rewriting, even in more recent documents.

  4. Big Data as a Source for Official Statistics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daas Piet J.H.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available More and more data are being produced by an increasing number of electronic devices physically surrounding us and on the internet. The large amount of data and the high frequency at which they are produced have resulted in the introduction of the term ‘Big Data’. Because these data reflect many different aspects of our daily lives and because of their abundance and availability, Big Data sources are very interesting from an official statistics point of view. This article discusses the exploration of both opportunities and challenges for official statistics associated with the application of Big Data. Experiences gained with analyses of large amounts of Dutch traffic loop detection records and Dutch social media messages are described to illustrate the topics characteristic of the statistical analysis and use of Big Data.

  5. COGNITIVE, SEMANTIC AND NOTIONAL SPACES OF THE OFFICIAL BUSINESS TEXTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Butakova Larisa Olegovna

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The main attention is paid to the introspective and experimental solution of the problem of official business text perception and understanding based on psycholinguistic approach to speech activity and its result. This result is a mental representation which is included in the semantic field of the recipient. It was necessary to emphasize the relationship and interdependence of generation perception, understanding processes, speech activity of all subjects. Urgency of the problem is determined by the increasing complexity of perception and understanding of official business texts. The official business text is generated as the product of standardized speech. Its perception and understanding activate cognitive mechanisms aimed at the identification of standardized semantic areas of official business fragment of mental space of a native speaker. Different psycholinguistic procedures proved the discrepancy of the cognitive space (the result of introspective analysis, actualized by the athor using standard language resources in case of its generation, the discrepancy of the subjective semantic space (the result of "semantic differential" in case of its perception, the discrepancy of the semantic text projection (the result of constructing a "counter-text". The experimental models showed the emotive side of the text, the choice of foundations for understanding the experience and knowledge acquired by the recipients in the identic professional situation. The experimental data has shown the positive / negative attitude of recipients to the rational organization and some components of texts. It was attributed to the unequal size of text blocks, the significance of information to recipients, the inhomogeneity of the structure and content parts, personal rejection of texts by recipients.

  6. Vakinn, the official quality and environmental system within Icelandic tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Edda Björg Bjarnadóttir 1989

    2016-01-01

    This thesis, analyses Vakinn certified companies to identify the motives for seeking Vakinn, the official quality and environmental system within Icelandic tourism. It also analyses the reported benefits of implementing Vakinn and furthermore, analyses the use of various quality tools, which measure quality and are implemented within companies. Furthermore, the study compares these factors between sectors within the tourism industry and between companies, based on their last year’s turnover. ...

  7. COGNITIVE, SEMANTIC AND NOTIONAL SPACES OF THE OFFICIAL BUSINESS TEXTS

    OpenAIRE

    Butakova Larisa Olegovna

    2014-01-01

    The main attention is paid to the introspective and experimental solution of the problem of official business text perception and understanding based on psycholinguistic approach to speech activity and its result. This result is a mental representation which is included in the semantic field of the recipient. It was necessary to emphasize the relationship and interdependence of generation perception, understanding processes, speech activity of all subjects. Urgency of the problem is determine...

  8. Official pedagogic discourses and the construction of learners’ identities

    OpenAIRE

    Bourne, Jill

    2008-01-01

    Chapter providing an account of Basil Bernstein's concept of official pedagogic discourse and the analytic frameworks emerging from this work, and their relevance to language policy as well as its various manifestations in contemporary classrooms. The paper examines how Bernstein's ideas have been taken up subsequently and their particular relevance for the current policy environment, with references crossing USA, UK and Australia, and indicating the ways in which management and business disc...

  9. CAS Held the 2nd Yearly Official Business Conference

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ On July 15th 2004, China Association For Standardization (CAS) held official business conference the second time of this year in Beijing, which is its 5th Council Meeting. The conference was moderated by Li Rui, President of CAS's Board of Directors. Vice-presidents Li- Zhonghai, JiaoYunqi and Jing Xiaodong, Secretary-General Ma Lincong and Zhang Wei, and other cadres totally more than 20delegates attended the conference.

  10. Feature article: adoption of an official ISEA glossary

    OpenAIRE

    Zartarian, Valerie; Bahadori, Tina; McKone, Thomas

    2004-01-01

    The International Society for Exposure Analysis (ISEA) and its Nomenclature Committee have been involved since the mid-1990s in an intermittent but ongoing effort to develop an official ISEA glossary. Several related activities have stimulated greater interest and discussion nationally and internationally on a common exposure language. Among these activites are a 1997 Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology feature article on exposure and dose definitions and a 1999-i...

  11. Feature article: adoption of an official ISEA glossary

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zartarian, Valerie; Bahadori, Tina; McKone, Thomas

    2004-09-15

    The International Society for Exposure Analysis (ISEA) and its Nomenclature Committee have been involved since the mid-1990s in an intermittent but ongoing effort to develop an official ISEA glossary. Several related activities have stimulated greater interest and discussion nationally and internationally on a common exposure language. Among these activities are a 1997 Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology feature article on exposure and dose definitions and a 1999-initiated project of the International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS) (WHO/ILO/UNEP) to confront terminology issues hindering harmonization in the area of exposure assessment. Recently the ISEA members voted in support of adopting the IPCS glossary as the official ISEA glossary, and the ISEA Executive Board agreed to accept this recommendation. In this feature article we (1) describe the process through which the ISEA adopted the IPCS glossary as the official ISEA glossary, (2) present the joint IPC S/ISEA glossary of terms and their definitions, and (3) discuss plans for how the glossary can be used by ISEA and updated over time by ISEA and IPCS. The glossary is intended to be a living document that reflects the latest usage and maintains international harmonization of exposure terminology that can be practically applied to improve communication in exposure and related fields.

  12. Official Time Usage in the Federal Government Fiscal Year 2005 Survey Responses

    Data.gov (United States)

    Office of Personnel Management — Section 7131 of title 5, United States Code, defines and authorizes official time for unions representing Federal employees. Official time, broadly defined, is paid...

  13. Ethical Reasoning in a Time of Revolution: A Study of Local Officials in Poland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Debra W; Sprinthall, Norman; Siemienska, Renata

    1997-01-01

    Interviews with 485 local officials in Poland showed that both elected and appointed officials strongly preferred principled reasoning for ethical decision making. Gender and attitude toward the change from Communism made a difference in preferred modes of ethical reasoning. (SK)

  14. 76 FR 24816 - Government Employees Serving in Official Capacity in Nonprofit Organizations; Sector Unit...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-03

    ... in Nonprofit Organizations; Sector Unit Investment Trusts AGENCY: Office of Government Ethics (OGE... of nonprofit organizations in which they serve in an official capacity, notwithstanding the employees... financial interests of nonprofit organizations in which they participate, in their official...

  15. 32 CFR 701.10 - Processing requests received from governmental officials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... officials. DON records may be authenticated and released to U.S. Government officials if they are requesting them in their official capacity on behalf of Federal governmental bodies, whether legislative, executive, administrative, or judicial. To ensure adequate protection of these documents, DON...

  16. 9 CFR 325.16 - Official seals; forms, use, and breaking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Official seals; forms, use, and... AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION TRANSPORTATION § 325.16 Official seals; forms, use, and breaking. (a) The official seals required by this part shall be those prescribed in § 312.5(a) of...

  17. 36 CFR 1200.16 - Will I be penalized for misusing the official seals and logos?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... misusing the official seals and logos? 1200.16 Section 1200.16 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION GENERAL RULES OFFICIAL SEALS Penalties for Misuse of NARA Seals and Logos § 1200.16 Will I be penalized for misusing the official seals and logos? (a) Seals. (1) If...

  18. 9 CFR 317.13 - Storage and distribution of labels and containers bearing official marks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... containers bearing official marks. 317.13 Section 317.13 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND... General § 317.13 Storage and distribution of labels and containers bearing official marks. Labels, wrappers, and containers bearing any official marks, with or without the establishment number, may...

  19. 9 CFR 316.8 - Unmarked inspected products; moved between official establishments; moved in commerce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... between official establishments; moved in commerce. 316.8 Section 316.8 Animals and Animal Products FOOD... establishment to another official establishment, for further processing, in a railroad car, truck, or other closed container, if the railroad car, truck, or container is sealed with an official seal of...

  20. 40 CFR 1400.11 - Limitation on dissemination to State and local government officials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... and local government officials. 1400.11 Section 1400.11 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... dissemination to State and local government officials. Except as authorized by this part and by 42 U.S.C. 7412(r)(7)(H)(v)(III), Federal, State, and local government officials, and qualified researchers...

  1. 50 CFR 18.22 - Taking by Federal, State or local government officials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Taking by Federal, State or local government officials. (a) A Federal, State or local government official... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Taking by Federal, State or local government officials. 18.22 Section 18.22 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE...

  2. 22 CFR 521.16 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ... FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 521.16 Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. (a) A reviewing... with the ALJ a motion for disqualification of a reviewing official or ALJ. Such motion shall...

  3. 45 CFR 79.16 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. 79... PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 79.16 Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. (a) A reviewing... with the ALJ a motion for disqualification of a reviewing official or an ALJ. Such motion shall...

  4. 42 CFR 8.25 - Informal review and the reviewing official's response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Informal review and the reviewing official's... Accreditation Body § 8.25 Informal review and the reviewing official's response. (a) Request for review. Within... a written request to the reviewing official seeking review, unless some other time period is...

  5. 28 CFR 71.16 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Disqualification of reviewing official or... the Department of Justice § 71.16 Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. (a) A reviewing... with the ALJ a motion for disqualification of a reviewing official or an ALJ. Such motion shall...

  6. 20 CFR 405.225 - Notice of the Federal reviewing official's decision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Notice of the Federal reviewing official's... PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Review of Initial Determinations by a Federal Reviewing Official § 405.225 Notice of the Federal reviewing official's decision. We will mail a written notice...

  7. 5 CFR 185.117 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Disqualification of reviewing official or... REGULATIONS PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 185.117 Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. (a) A reviewing official or ALJ in a particular case may disqualify himself or herself at any time. (b) A...

  8. 20 CFR 405.230 - Effect of the Federal reviewing official's decision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Effect of the Federal reviewing official's... PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Review of Initial Determinations by a Federal Reviewing Official § 405.230 Effect of the Federal reviewing official's decision. The Federal reviewing...

  9. 41 CFR 105-70.005 - Review by the reviewing official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Review by the reviewing... reviewing official. (a) If, based on the report of the investigating official under § 105-70.004(b), the reviewing official determines that there is adequate evidence to believe that a person is liable under §...

  10. 6 CFR 13.16 - Disqualification of Reviewing Official or ALJ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Disqualification of Reviewing Official or ALJ... PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 13.16 Disqualification of Reviewing Official or ALJ. (a) A Reviewing... motion for disqualification of a Reviewing Official or an ALJ. Such motion will be accompanied by...

  11. 13 CFR 142.18 - Can the reviewing official or ALJ be disqualified?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Can the reviewing official or ALJ... PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT REGULATIONS Hearing Provisions § 142.18 Can the reviewing official or ALJ be disqualified? (a) A reviewing official or an ALJ may disqualify himself or herself at any time....

  12. 42 CFR 8.31 - Authority and responsibilities of the reviewing official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Authority and responsibilities of the reviewing... Accreditation Body § 8.31 Authority and responsibilities of the reviewing official. In addition to any other authority specified in this subpart C, the reviewing official and the presiding official, with respect...

  13. 20 CFR 423.5 - Process against Social Security Administration officials in their individual capacities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Administration officials in their individual capacities. 423.5 Section 423.5 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION SERVICE OF PROCESS § 423.5 Process against Social Security Administration officials in their individual capacities. Process to be served on Social Security Administration officials in their...

  14. 10 CFR 1002.3 - Custody of official seal and distinguishing flags.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Custody of official seal and distinguishing flags. 1002.3 Section 1002.3 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) OFFICIAL SEAL AND DISTINGUISHING FLAG General § 1002.3 Custody of official seal and distinguishing flags. The Secretary or his designee...

  15. 45 CFR 4.1 - Suits against the Department and its employees in their official capacities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... official capacities. Summonses and complaints to be served by mail on the Department of Health and Human... official capacities should be sent to the General Counsel, Department of Health and Human Services, 200... their official capacities. 4.1 Section 4.1 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN...

  16. 18 CFR 401.116 - Disclosure to consultants, advisory committees, State and local government officials, and other...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... consultants, advisory committees, State and local government officials, and other special government employees... Disclosure to consultants, advisory committees, State and local government officials, and other special... Commission consultants, advisory committees, state and local government officials, and other...

  17. Examination of the association between announced inspections and inspection scores.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waters, A Blake; VanDerslice, James; Porucznik, Christina A; Kim, Jaewhan; DeLegge, Royal; Durrant, Lynne

    2013-09-01

    In 2010 the Salt Lake Valley Health Department conducted a pilot of an announced inspection program utilizing a randomized assignment of restaurants to an intervention group with announced inspections and a control group that remained on the usual schedule of unannounced inspections. After adjusting for food type, visible kitchen, outside quality assurance, season, and standardized inspector, significant reductions were found in the odds ratios of personal hygiene (adjusted odds ratios [aOR] = 0.11, p = .00) and equipment cleanliness (aOR = 0.19, p = .00) violations. In the models for the control group, none of the odds ratios were statistically different from one, indicating no change in the postintervention time period as compared to the preintervention period. PMID:24073484

  18. B2B emarketplace announcements and shareholder wealth

    OpenAIRE

    Andrew H. Chen; Siems, Thomas F.

    2001-01-01

    In the business-to-business (B2B) sector, new supply-chain models within electronic marketplaces (eMarketplaces) offer firms significantly lower procurement costs, increased operating efficiencies, and expanded market opportunities. Using event-study methodology to look at the period July 1999-March 2000, Andrew Chen and Thomas Siems find that investors reacted favorably to B2B eMarketplace announcements, with slightly higher abnormal returns associated with vertical than with horizontal eMar...

  19. The Reputational Effects of Narrative Disclosures in Operational Risk Announcements

    OpenAIRE

    Bayley, Joel

    2015-01-01

    The content of the first press cuttings regarding operational risk announcements following an operational loss event is likely to affect the level of reputational damage incurred by the institutions suffering the loss. The profile of operational risk has increased in recent decades becoming one of the major risks in the finance industry. Following increasing literature on operational events, reputational risk as a result of operational loss events has become a growing area of research. This p...

  20. Continental Airlines and China Southern Airlines Announce Strategic Partnership

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Frequent flyer reciprocity to start in September: codesharing to start in November. Continental Airlines and China Southern Airlines. the largest airline in the People's Republic of China. announced on June 18, 2007 that they have entered into a strategic partnership for frequent flyer and airport lounge access reciprocity and extensive codesharing, providing better service to customers who travel between the U.S.and China and transfer between the two carriers.

  1. OFFICIAL VOTING SYSTEM FOR ELECTRONIC VOTING: E-VOTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Antonio Dorantes Gonzalez

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the Official voting system by electronic ballot: E-Vote, which aims to streamline primary electoral processes performed in the country, beginning with the District Federal benefits and improvements. The principal benefices are economic and ecological time, taking into account process security features and the integrity of the captured votes. This system represents an alternative to the currently devices and systems implemented in countries like Venezuela, Brazil and the United States, as well formalized as a prototype able to compete with others developed by the Institute Federal Electoral District (IEDF.

  2. Official (ISC)2 guide to the CISSP CBK

    CERN Document Server

    Hernandez, Steven

    2012-01-01

    Recognized as one of the best tools available for the information security professional and especially for candidates studying for the (ISC)2 CISSP examination, the Official (ISC)2(R) Guide to the CISSP(R) CBK(R), Third Edition has been updated and revised to reflect the latest developments in this ever-changing field. Endorsed by the (ISC)2, this book provides unrivaled preparation for the certification exam that is both up to date and authoritative. Compiled and reviewed by CISSPs and (ISC)2 members, the text provides an exhaustive review of the 10 current domains of the CBK.

  3. STS-54 Endeavour, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 105, Official crew portrait

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    STS-54 Endeavour, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 105, crewmembers, wearing launch and entry suits (LESs), pose for their Official crew portrait on the flight deck of JSC's motion based (MB) shuttle mission simulator (SMS). Left to right are Mission Specialist 1 (MS1) Mario Runco, Jr, Commander John H. Casper, Pilot Donald R. McMonagle, MS3 Susan J. Helms, and MS2 Gregory J. Harbaugh. MB-SMS is located in JSC's Mission Simulation and Training Facility Bldg 5. Portrait made by NASA JSC contract photographer Scott A. Wickes.

  4. Does Filial Piety Make a Good Government Official?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    FILIAL piety has been an essential element of traditional Chinese culture since the time of Confucius and is all about the way Chinese relate to their parents and other family members.Now the concept has found its way into the workplace.Recently this virtue was introduced as one of the criteria for selecting government officials,leading to a flurry of debate among the public. In Weixian County,north China’s Hebei Province,Qi Jinghai, Secretary of the Weixian Committee of the Communist Party of China,introduced a regulation stating that candidates applying

  5. Official (ISC)2 guide to the ISSMP CBK

    CERN Document Server

    Corporate, (ISC)²

    2015-01-01

    Preparing professionals for certification and job readiness, the Official (ISC)²® Guide to CISSP®-ISSMP® CBK®, Second Edition supplies a complete overview of the management topics related to information security. It provides for an expanded enterprise model of security and management that delves into project management, risk management, and continuity planning. Facilitating the mastery of the five ISSEP domains required for certification, this book will not only help you prepare for the CISSP-ISSMP certification exam, but also provide you with a solid foundation to enhance your career path.

  6. AutoCAD 2014 review for certification official certification preparation

    CERN Document Server

    ASCENT center for technical knowledge

    2014-01-01

    The AutoCAD® 2014 Review for Certification book is intended for users of AutoCAD® preparing to complete the AutoCAD 2014 Certified Professional exam. This book contains a collection of relevant instructional topics, practice exercises, and review questions from the Autodesk Official Training Guides (AOTG) from ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge pertaining specifically to the Certified Professional exam topics and objectives. This book is intended for experienced users of AutoCAD in preparation for certification. New users of AutoCAD should refer to the AOTG training guides from ASCENT, such as AutoCAD/AutoCAD LT 2014 Fundamentals, for more comprehensive instruction.

  7. The Progress of R in Romanian Official Statistics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Maria Dobre

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The present paper exposes an overview of the state-of-the-art of R statistical software in the official statistics in Romania, predominantly in the social statistics. Examples on data analysis and econometric models of Small Area Estimation successfully completed are given. The scientific approach includes also a summary of the applications of R in other statistical offices around the world. Other countries like United Kingdom or Netherlands are truly experienced in the use of R. We conclude with a series of proposals on the future research opportunities and other potential analysis procedures of R in the social statistics.

  8. Official (ISC)2 guide to the CISSP exam

    CERN Document Server

    Hansche, Susan; Hare, Chris

    2003-01-01

    Candidates for the CISSP exam can now go directly to the source for study materials that are indispensable in achieving certification. The Official (ISC)2 Guide to the CISSP Exam is derived from the actual CBK review course created and administered by the non-profit security consortium (ISC)2. In addition to being an invaluable study guide, this book is detailed enough to serve as an authoritative information security resource. Both of the guide's co-authors are CISSPs, and the entire text has been reviewed and approved by Hal Tipton, Co-Founder and Past President of ISSA and Co-Founder of (I

  9. Analysis of the effectiveness of official development assistance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Wood Valdivielso

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available The present paper presents an assessment of the effectiveness of Official Development Assistance (ODA in promoting growth and reducing poverty in recipient countries, as well as its capacity to influence the main macroeconomic variables such as investment, savings, consumption, tax burden and the rate of inflation. For this purpose, we use both classical regression analysis and a structural model. In the former case, ordinary least squares (OLS are used to estimate a series of equations in which ODA plays the role of independent variable. The second case involves a multiple-indicator, multiple-causes (MIMIC model with three latent variables, one of which, ODA, is exogenous.

  10. Official Language Bilingualism to the Exclusion of Multilingualism: Immigrant Student Perspectives on French as a Second Official Language in "English-Dominant" Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mady, Callie

    2012-01-01

    This study explores the implications of Canada's official bilingual status on young immigrant adults who are presently studying at the undergraduate level at university. More precisely, I examine how these young adults have experienced and judge French as a second official language (FSOL) learning in "English-dominant" regions of Canada. Through a…

  11. CHALLENGES OF OFFICIAL STATISTICS IN THE GLOBALIZATION ERA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oleg CARA

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In the globalization era, the social, economic, demographic and environmental phenomena become more complex and interdependent. Official statistics, in its position of “public good”, are under the increased pressure of data needs. Thus, it should adapt itself to the changes taking place in the society and should comply with its increased demands for high quality information. On its turn, it imposes to both national and global statistical systems major tasks of structural changes in the activity of official statistics, as well as in the communication with its partners from the informational flow upstream, but particularly from its downstream – these being the target recipients of data. The paper reflects the author’s vision on the main activities needed to be fulfilled to better meet the information demands of users in quality statistics as well as on the major challenges and solutions regarding the transformation of statistical information into knowledge, ensuring the better use and usefulness of statistical data

  12. Official records of solar eclipse in Qing Dynasty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Li-Ping

    2004-12-01

    Through overall computation with the modern method, the official records of solar eclipse in the Qing Dynasty are analysed and discussed. The solar eclipse data recorded in Qingshigao, Qingshilu and Qingchao Wenxian Tongkao are thought to be the predicted ones based on the analyses conducted by the senior and the author. The majority of the solar eclipses took place in the Qing Dynasty are included in the official records of solar eclipse. The predicted time for the solar eclipses took place in the period from 1735 through the end of the Qing Dynasty got improved by ~5 minutes, which benefited from Lixiang Kaocheng Houbian. For the Qing Dynasty the precision of the predicted position of the sun, that is relative to the constellation, got improved too, that is mainly owing to the compilation of Lixiang Kaocheng, Lixiang Kaocheng Houbian and Yixiang Kaocheng. In Xiyang Xinfa Lishu, the azimuth for solar eclipse is described according to the horizontal azimuth of the sun. However, in Lixiang Kaocheng and Lixiang Kaocheng Houbian, the azimuth for solar eclipse is determined starting from the apex of the solar disk. The computing method for the azimuth of solar eclipse in Lixiang Kaocheng Houbian is much better than that in Xiyang Xinfa Lishu.

  13. Officially released mutant varieties - the FAO/IAEA Database

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the approximately 70 year-old history of induced mutations, there are many examples on the development of new and valuable alteration in plant characters significantly contributing to increased yield potential of specific crops. However, knowledge on the success of induced mutations in crop improvement among geneticists and breeders is usually limited to species of their interest. The present paper contains a comprehensive list of officially released mutant varieties, based on information from plant breeders. The number of mutant varieties officially released and recorded in the FAO/IAEA Mutant Varieties Database before the end of 2000 is 2,252. Almost half of these varieties have been released during the last 15 years. Considering a significant delay in the dissemination of information on newly released varieties and difficulties in the collection of such data, there has been a renaissance in the use of mutation techniques in crop improvement. At the demand of geneticists, plant breeders, and more recently molecular geneticists, for information on released mutant varieties of specific crops, the MVD was transferred to the web site of the FAO/IAEA Joint Division. The MVD will be available on our web pages early in 2001. (author)

  14. Information Content in Dividend Announcements, a Test of Market Efficiency in Malaysian Market

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Sheikhbahaei; Mohd. Hassan Mohd. Osman; Ismail Abd Rahman

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates the market reaction to the changes in dividend announcements at the Malaysia stock exchange formally called Bursa Malaysia. Data is gathered for a sample of 356 dividend announcement made by 138 firms pined in the main market between the years 2008 to 2011. The results show that the market reacts positively to dividend increasing stocks but no significant react to the constant dividend or the decreasing group of dividend announcements. It was also observed from the inf...

  15. Stock price reactions to share repurchase announcements in Germany: Evidence from a tax perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Pick, Tobias; Schanz, Deborah; Niemann, Rainer

    2009-01-01

    In this study we analyse stock price reactions to share buyback announcements from a tax perspective in Germany. To determine the influence of taxes on stock prices on the announcement day of share buybacks two different tax regimes - the corporate imputation system and the classical corporate tax system - are analysed. Taking the shareholder structure into account, we find evidence that the share price reaction on share repurchase announcements was significantly larger under the full imputat...

  16. The Stock Market Reactions to DomesticJoint Venture Announcements:The Malaysian Experience

    OpenAIRE

    Abdul Aziz, Azah Najwa

    2005-01-01

    This study examines the stock market’s reactions to domestic joint venture announcements. It focuses on the Malaysian market and economy, and how corporate members, i.e. firm managers and investors perceive the announcements of joint venture formations. 75 Malaysian public listed companies that involved in 35 joint ventures are selected and examined. A few alternative hypotheses concerning the stock market’s reactions to domestic joint venture announcements are tested. The Wealth Effect Hypot...

  17. Stock Prices’ Variability around Earnings Announcement Dates at Karachi Stock Exchange

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Azeem Qureshi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to investigate how earnings announcement event affects stock returns at Karachi Stock Exchange (KSE. For this purpose we use the KSE-100 Index as our sample. We use the CAR Analysis to analyze the impact of earnings announcement over the stock returns around announcement dates. Our results suggest that KSE experiences abnormal stock returns around earnings announcement dates for the overall market and for different categories which indicate that efficient market hypothesis does not hold in Pakistani market and point out the presence of informational dissemination inefficiencies in the market.

  18. The Official Catalog of Potential Literature—Selections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Craig Dworkin

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available These texts explore the material possibilities of the book. Somewhat parallel to the call of N. Katherine Hayles who, in her book Writing Machines, urges literary theorists to take up the practice of Medium Specific Analysis (to account for the way the medium in which it is presented conditions or at least bears on a literary text. I see in the imagined works of The Official Catalog a call for the innovative writers of today to become Medium-Responsive. This would mean thinking through the specific (materially constrained possibilities offered by the media in which texts are presented, and in thinking of the literary text as a kind of art in the greater context of other arts and the book as a medium situated within the context of many other media. In doing so, the contemporary writer refutes the chorus of critics who lament the death of the book by consistently reinvigorating literary innovation.

  19. The Grid is operational – it’s official!

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    On Friday, 3 October, CERN and its many partners around the world officially marked the end of seven years of development and deployment of the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG) and the beginning of continuous operations with an all-day Grid Fest. Wolfgang von Rüden unveils the WLCG sculpture. Les Robertson speaking at the Grid Fest. At the LHC Grid Fest, Bob Jones highlights the far-reaching uses of grid computing. Over 250 grid-enthusiasts gathered in the Globe, including large delegations from the press and from industrial partners, as well as many of the people around the world who manage the distributed operations of the WLCG, which today comprises more than 140 computer centres in 33 countries. As befits a cutting-edge information technology, many participants joined virtually, by video, to mark the occasion. Unlike the start-up of the LHC, there was no single moment of high dram...

  20. [Laboratory animals and official Mexican norms (NOM-062-ZOO-1999)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Aluja, Aline S

    2002-01-01

    This article concerns animal experimentation and official Mexican norm Nom 0062-Zoo-1999 entitled Technical specifications for the production, care and use of laboratory animals. The history of animal experimentation is briefly resumed. During the nineteenth century, doubts arose as to the right to expose animals to experimental procedures that frequently cause pain and suffering. The first law which protected animals against cruelty was passed in Great Britain in 1876; subsequently, other nations approved similar legislation. During the second part of the twentieth century, opposition to animal experimentation grew. Other groups, mainly scientists and pharmaceutical concerns, defended the right to use animals in research. New knowledge concerning the neurophysiology, cognitive capacity, and the animal faculty to experience pain is briefly mentioned. Guidelines on care and use of animals used in research published in several countries are listed. Finally, the recently published Mexican legislation (Norm) referring to production, care and use of laboratory animals is discussed and its benefits are stressed. PMID:12096401

  1. Representation And Leadership Roles: Women Officials In Local Unions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carrie G. Donald

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, observers of the American labor movement have suggested that labor is undergoing a process of “feminization.” Although women are increasingly present in national and international labor organizations, unions do not generally collect data on women in local union leadership.  By studying union women at the local rather than the national level, however, the focus is on the level that most directly affects women’s lives.  In order to gain current information on the experiences of women in local unions today and their prospects for leadership, the Labor-Management Center of the University of Louisville conducted a survey of local union officials throughout Kentucky and neighboring states.

  2. Country plan Zeeland, predesign. Official note reactions and answers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this official note of the steering committee Streekplanwerk (country plan work) the timely entered reactions on the predesign-country plan Zeeland, concerning the location of additional nuclear power plants in Borssele are elaborated. The relevance of the policy can be related to the character of the reactions on the predesign-country plan, as well as to the character of the answers and conclusions associated with them. The answers in this note may be important as explanations of the contents of the predesign-country plan. The remarks are arranged, summarized and answered as much as possible according to the arrangement of the predesign-country plan. By subject, in each case, first the corresponding reactions are summarized, next the reactions are answered. From the conclusions it appears if and to what extent reactions may give motivations for modifications in the predesign

  3. 40 CFR 1400.8 - Access to off-site consequence analysis information by Federal government officials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... government officials. The Administrator shall provide any Federal government official with the OCA information requested by the official for official use. The Administrator shall provide the OCA information to... form. The Administrator may charge a fee to cover the cost of copying OCA information in paper form....

  4. 36 CFR 1200.6 - Who is authorized to apply the official seals on documents or other materials?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the official seals on documents or other materials? 1200.6 Section 1200.6 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND RECORDS ADMINISTRATION GENERAL RULES OFFICIAL SEALS How are NARA's Official Seals and Logos Designed and Used? § 1200.6 Who is authorized to apply the official seals on...

  5. 40 CFR 1400.9 - Access to off-site consequence analysis information by State and local government officials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... analysis information by State and local government officials. 1400.9 Section 1400.9 Protection of... information by State and local government officials. (a) The Administrator shall make available to any State or local government official for official use the OCA information for stationary sources located...

  6. Austria announces new money for research infrastructure and social sciences

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    Austria's Minister for Science and Research, Johannes Hahn, has announced funding for research infrastructures and the social sciences, amounting to EUR 6.9 million in total. The largest chunk of the money will go to a new data processing centre for the analysis of data from the European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN). The idea is that the new centre will provide Austria with access to the key technology for solving highly complex scientific and technological problems, while strengthening Austria's domestic research infrastructure in the field of 'advanced communication networks'.

  7. CNOOC Limited Announces 3rd Quarter Business Results

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    @@ On October 25, CNOOC Limited announced a 56.5% increase in the unaudited oil and gas revenues of 6.79 billion yuan for the third quarter of 2002,compared to the revenues of 4.34 yuan billion during the same quarter of 2001. For the nine months ended September 30, 2002, the revenues from the oil and gas sector were 16.42 billion yuan, compared to 13.90 billion yuan during the same period last year,an 18.1% increase year-over-year.

  8. Fine Dust in Augmented Reality: Creating Public Service Announcement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugene Kim

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This study discusses how to create a public service announcement about fine dust using AR technology. „Aurasma,‟ a free mobile app, was used to produce the PSA. The PSA mainly consists of four parts, a trigger image, a short animation, an interactive menu, and other media which provide additional information about fine dust as users press the menu buttons. This study also surveys the user‟s preference on a PSA using AR technology and its educational effectiveness.

  9. Historical Romanian meteorites: emendations of official catalogue records

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dana Lüttge-Pop

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available With its more than 50,000 valid official and provisory meteorite entries, the online catalogue of The Meteoritical Society, i.e., the Meteoritical Bulletin Database (MBDB represents the most authorized and primary source of information in the field. Unfortunately, this official reference contains some erroneous geographical information in the case of five historical Romanian meteorites. For Zsadany, the current country information is “Hungary, Bekes county” instead of Romania, Timiş County. For Mezö-Madaras and Tauti, the county affiliations “Harghita” and respectively “Cluj” have to be corrected into Mureş and Arad, respectively. Geographical coordinates for Kakowa and Ohaba require minor corrections, only. The source of these errors resides in changes of names and administrative affiliations of the localities of the fall/find, while the formal nomenclature protocol requires the meteorite name in the original description to be preserved. The example of the historical Romanian meteorites illustrates the challenges that a researcher unfamiliar with a region faces when locating old specimens, in general. This requires knowledge of regional history and geography, and sometimes access to the original references - usually not written in English, or having a somehow limited circulation. Additionally, in the last two decades several new publications provided more detailed classification information on Sopot, Ohaba, Tauti and Mocs meteorites. Sopot was classified as H5, with shock stage S3. The studied Ohaba and Tauti samples also attested S3 shock stages. Variable shock stages (S3-5 were identified in Mocs samples, the most well-known Romanian meteorite. This new information should be added to the corresponding MBDB entries.

  10. Moving beyond the question of nationality : Demographic background variables of top officials in the European Commission

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    This thesis is a descriptive study of the selected demographic background variables nationality, education, former career, Commission tenure and gender of top officials in the European Commission at one point in time. Top officials in the European Commission are placed on top of the world’s most powerful and autonomous international executive administration. If who the top officials are, where they come from, where they sit and their future career prospects influence their decision-making beh...

  11. Safeguarding trust in Irish Official Statistics: A code of practice for the Irish statistical system

    OpenAIRE

    Dalton, Padraig

    2014-01-01

    Symposium: Safeguarding Trust in Official Statistics – Launching a Code of Practice for the Irish Statistical System For official statistics to be of value they must be trusted. Achieving and maintaining trust requires that statistics are produced in an objective, transparent and independent manner. In many countries codes of practice for official statistics have been developed to enshrine those principles and protect trust. While compilers of European statistics are expected to comply wit...

  12. Ever closer Union or Babylonian discord? The official-language problem in the European Union

    OpenAIRE

    Fidrmuc, Jan; GINSBURGH, Victor; Weber, Shlomo

    2007-01-01

    The policy of official multilingualism is one of the most important and fundamental principles of the Union. However, a large number of official languages imposes substantial financial, communication and legal costs. We address the merits of extensive multilingualism and formulate an analytical framework to determine the optimal number of official languages in the EU. First, we derive the sequence of optimal sets of languages which identifies the sets of languages that minimize aggregate ling...

  13. Official News - Governing Board of the Pension Fund

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    The Governing Board of the Pension Fund held its one-hundred-and-fiftieth meeting on 24 January 2007. The Chairman, Professor F. Ferrini, welcomed the new elected members, M. Goossens and H. Vestergard, and the new observer for the pensioners, J.-C. Gouache. He also welcomed Mrs D. Duret and Mr S. Lettow, announcing that, at its December 2006 session, the Council had appointed them as Vice-Chairmen of the Board, as proposed by the latter at its 148th meeting on 28 November 2006. The Governing Board also appointed Mrs Duret Chairman of the Working Group on Actuarial Matters, whose task it will be to prepare the next three-yearly actuarial review based on data as at 1.1.2007. Finally, the Chairman informed the Board that the Council had appointed him Chairman ad interim of the Fund's Investment Committee. The Chairman then reported on the other decisions taken by the Council at its December 2006 session, noting in particular that a Council Study Group had been set up to elaborate a new governance structure fo...

  14. 7 CFR 28.176 - Designation of official certificates, memoranda, marks, other identifications, and devices for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... REGULATIONS COTTON CLASSING, TESTING, AND STANDARDS Classification for Foreign Growth Cotton § 28.176...) Official device means a stamping appliance branding device, stencil, printed label or any...

  15. Effects of pictures and textual arguments in sun protection public service announcements

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boer, Henk; Huurne, ter Ellen; Taal, Erik

    2006-01-01

    Background: The effect of public service announcements aimed at promoting primary prevention of skin cancer may be limited by superficial cognitive processing. The use of both pictures and textual arguments in sun protection public service announcements were evaluated for their potentially beneficia

  16. 77 FR 26511 - Announcing a National Cybersecurity Center of Excellence (NCCoE) Workshop

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-04

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Announcing a National Cybersecurity Center of Excellence.... ACTION: Notice of initial public workshop. SUMMARY: NIST announces a National Cybersecurity Center of... integrated cybersecurity tools and technologies. The NCCoE will bring together experts from...

  17. A Job Announcement Analysis of Educational Technology Professional Positions: Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, YoungJu; Ritzhaupt, Albert D.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to identify the competencies of an educational technologist via a job announcement analysis. Four hundred job announcements were collected from a variety of online job databases over a 5-month period. Following a systematic process of collection, documentation, and analysis, we derived over 150 knowledge, skill,…

  18. Perceived Effectiveness of Weekly Announcements in Provision of Learning Support to Sociology Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jabeen, Sadia

    2015-01-01

    Announcements are considered as important source in provision of academic support to the students. Announcements assist students to get information about the university learning mechanisms, courses and other time management skills, which may help them to make their learning smooth and pleasant. In this context present study documents the perceived…

  19. The Market Reaction to Stock Split Announcement and the Underlying Explanations

    OpenAIRE

    Chao Zhu; Kexin Chen

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the market reaction to stock splits announcements during the period 2003 to 2013. We find a significantly positive Cumulative Average Abnormal Return (CAAR) on the announcement day as well as the following day. Both liquidity and signaling reasons contribute to this result.

  20. 78 FR 12063 - Announcement of Requirements and Registration for healthfinder.gov Mobile App Challenge; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-21

    ...-6113. Correction In the Federal Register of December 6, 2012, in FR Doc. 2012-29520, on pages 72864... HUMAN SERVICES Announcement of Requirements and Registration for healthfinder.gov Mobile App Challenge... Register of December 6, 2012, announcing the requirements and criteria for the healthfinder.gov Mobile...

  1. 76 FR 58332 - Announcement of Meeting of the International Telecommunication Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-20

    ... Announcement of Meeting of the International Telecommunication Advisory Committee Summary: This notice announces a meeting of the International Telecommunication Advisory Subcommittees (ITAC) on October 6, 2011... advice from the telecommunications industry on (a) whether the U.S. should agree that Study Group...

  2. 75 FR 27801 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Indian Community Development Block Grant Program for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-18

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Announcement of Funding Awards for the Indian Community Development Block Grant... 2009 (FY 2009) Notice of Funding Availability (NOFA) for the Indian Community Development Block Grant... the Department of Housing and Urban Development Reform Act of 1989, this announcement notifies...

  3. EventSeer: Testing Different Approaches to Topical Crawling for Call for Paper Announcements

    OpenAIRE

    Brennhaug, Knut Eivind

    2005-01-01

    The goal of the Eventseer project is to build a digital library of call for paper announcements. Today call for papers are collected from different mailing lists, the goal is to develop topical crawlers so that Eventseer also may collect call for paper announcements from the Web.

  4. 76 FR 62455 - Announcement of Updated Funding Availability for H-1B Technical Skills Training Grants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-07

    ... Employment and Training Administration Announcement of Updated Funding Availability for H-1B Technical Skills... Federal Register announcing the availability of $240 million for the H-1B Technical Skills Training Grants... available and encouraging additional applicants to apply for the H-1B Technical Skills Training...

  5. 77 FR 41784 - Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS); Announcement of Availability of Literature Searches...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-16

    ... AGENCY Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS); Announcement of Availability of Literature Searches for... literature search for benzo(a)pyrene; request for information. SUMMARY: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is announcing the availability of a literature search for benzo(a)pyrene (CASRN 50-...

  6. 75 FR 25239 - Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS); Announcement of Availability of Literature Searches...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-07

    ... AGENCY Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS); Announcement of Availability of Literature Searches for... of literature searches for IRIS assessments; request for information. SUMMARY: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is announcing the availability of literature searches for four IRIS assessments...

  7. 76 FR 13402 - Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS); Announcement of Availability of Literature Searches...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-11

    ... AGENCY Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS); Announcement of Availability of Literature Searches for... literature searches for IRIS assessments; request for information. SUMMARY: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is announcing the availability of literature searches for cobalt (CASRN 7440-48-4)...

  8. 77 FR 20817 - Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS); Announcement of Availability of Literature Searches...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-06

    ... AGENCY Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS); Announcement of Availability of Literature Searches for... literature searches for IRIS assessments; request for information. SUMMARY: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is announcing the availability of literature searches for acetaldehyde (75-07-0) and...

  9. 76 FR 33307 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement of Office of Management and Budget...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-08

    ... Office of Management and Budget Approval; Voluntary National Retail Food Regulatory Program Standards.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: In the Federal Register of March 28, 2011 (76 FR 17132), the Agency announced that...) is announcing that a collection of information entitled ``Voluntary National Retail Food...

  10. Technological capability at the Brazilian official pharmaceutical laboratories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Vitor Bomtempo Martins

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the technological capability in the Brazilian Official Pharmaceutical Laboratories [OPL]. The technological capability analysis could contribute to organization strategies and governmental actions in order to improve OPL basic tasks as well to incorporate new ones, particularly concerning the innovation management. Inspired in Figueiredo (2000, 2003a, 2003b and Figueiredo and Ariffin (2003, a framework was drawn and adapted to pharmaceutical industry characteristics and current sanitary and health legislation. The framework allows to map different dimensions of the technological capability (installations, processes, products, equipments, organizational capability and knowledge management and the level attained by OPL (ordinary or innovating capability. OPL show a good development of ordinary capabilities, particularly in Product and Processes. Concerning the other dimensions, OPL are quite diverse. In general, innovating capabilities are not much developed. In the short term, it was identified a dispersion in the capacitating efforts. Considering their present level and the absorption efforts, good perspectives can be found in Installations, Processes and Organizational Capability. A lower level of efforts in Products and Knowledge Management could undermine these capabilities in the future.

  11. AUDIT IN THE OFFICIAL CONTROL OF APPROVED PLANTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Paladino

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The UE 882/04 Regulation has changed the approach of the official control on food business. The audit as a monitoring tool responds to a logic of making a less frequent but more global check and reported not only to what is possible to verify at the time but also to the system put in place by companies to prevent and manage hazards and risks. This study analyzes the results of an audit program implemented in 2008 to control approved plants assessing through numerical indicators the activity, the efficiency and the effectiveness. To this end a comparison with the monitoring data on the same plants made in 2005, has been done in order to evaluate the possible differences in results due to the use of audit as a monitoring tool. The results show a good degree of implementation of the program and a good effectiveness, assessed by the number of Non-Compliance detected. Compared to 2005 it results the increased effectiveness of control and the reduced number of used hours is evident.

  12. Discussion paper : air quality and official plan policy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-11-14

    This document presents an outline of the issues that must be considered when addressing air quality issues within the Region of Halton, Ontario. Data from the Ontario Ministry of Environment suggest that Halton's air quality is generally worse than that of Hamilton or Toronto. For that reason, the Ecological Environmental Advisory Committee recommends that general policies and implementation permitting policies respecting air quality and climate change be considered as part of the Region's Directions Report toward enacting amendments to the Region's Official Plan. The main reason for the region to be concerned about air quality is the public health of its citizens. The main sources of air pollution include fossil-fueled power plants, transportation, and the impacts of urban sprawl. Other industrial activities and residential heating also make significant contributions. Addressing any single issue at source could result in many benefits for all issues. Since municipalities do not have the resources to monitor clean air (as they do for clean water), the Region is advised to establish appropriate policies to meet these challenges. It is suggested that Halton should adopt the Federation of Canadian Municipalities' plan to achieve 20 per cent of the Kyoto Target, and reduce its total emission tonnage of greenhouse gases by 20 - 25 per cent. It is also suggested that the Region should adopt the province's anti-smog action plan regarding nitrous oxide and sulphur dioxide emissions. 4 tabs.

  13. The Official Use of International Currencies – Assessments and Implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orăștean Ramona

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyses the official use of international currencies as reserve currency (store of value and anchor currency (unit of account. Examining the role as a reserve currency we note that the US dollar is the main reserve currency even if it recorded a decline given the decrease of the value of the US dollar reserve holdings and the gradual diversification of the currencies used. Since 2010, the euro's share decreased continuously may be due to the Eurozone crisis and the euro's depreciation against the US dollar. Then we show that the US dollar dominates as an anchor currency, though it was temporary abandoned during crisis time, having more than a regional dimension. At the same time, the use of the euro in exchange rate arrangements appears mainly in the regions that have close links with the euro area. Over the last few years, we have witnessed a gentle orientation towards a multimonetary world, especially regarding the use of the international currencies as reserve currency given the diversification of the currencies in which central banks understand to hold international reserves and the increasing share of the nontraditional currencies in total foreign exchange reserves.

  14. 9 CFR 354.210 - Minimum standards for sanitation, facilities, and operating procedures in official plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Minimum standards for sanitation, facilities, and operating procedures in official plants. 354.210 Section 354.210 Animals and Animal Products... sanitation, facilities, and operating procedures in official plants. The provisions of §§ 354.210 to...

  15. 31 CFR 515.553 - Bank accounts of official representatives in Cuba of foreign governments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... representatives in Cuba of foreign governments. 515.553 Section 515.553 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations... Bank accounts of official representatives in Cuba of foreign governments. Specific licenses are issued authorizing payments from accounts of official representatives in Cuba of foreign governments for...

  16. 31 CFR 515.337 - Prohibited officials of the Government of Cuba.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Government of Cuba. 515.337 Section 515.337 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and... REGULATIONS General Definitions § 515.337 Prohibited officials of the Government of Cuba. For purposes of this part, the term prohibited officials of the Government of Cuba means Ministers and...

  17. Strategies to Maintain School District Financial Solvency: Illinois School Business Officials' Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Ann C.; Kersten, Thomas A.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify financial management strategies that school business officials have found most successful in achieving school district financial stability. To accomplish, 208 Illinois school business officials in six counties: Cook, DuPage, Kane, Lake, McHenry, and Will counties, excluding Chicago School District 299,…

  18. 50 CFR 216.95 - Official mark for “Dolphin-safe” tuna products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Official mark for âDolphin-safeâ tuna... AND IMPORTING OF MARINE MAMMALS Dolphin Safe Tuna Labeling § 216.95 Official mark for “Dolphin-safe... Department of Commerce that may be used to label tuna products that meet the “dolphin-safe” standards...

  19. 25 CFR 700.509 - Duties of the designated agency ethics official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... opinions shall be submitted as specified in 5 CFR 738.304. The Designated Agency Ethics Official shall... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Duties of the designated agency ethics official. 700.509... RELOCATION PROCEDURES Employee Responsibility and Conduct § 700.509 Duties of the designated agency...

  20. "Away with Prejudice": An Anti-Discrimination Campaign among Municipal Officials in the Netherlands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Wel, Frits; van Tilburg, Rian

    1998-01-01

    Reports on a study into the scope of an anti-discrimination campaign among Dutch municipal officials in a large city. Notes that a questionnaire was completed by 698 people, asking whether there were any high-risk groups of officials who held intolerant, ethnocentric prejudices. Appears that the lowest-salaried men agreed with ethnocentric…

  1. 43 CFR 11.32 - How does the authorized official develop the Assessment Plan?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Interior NATURAL RESOURCE DAMAGE ASSESSMENTS Assessment Plan Phase § 11.32 How does the authorized official... claims do not overlap. In these instances, the natural resource trustees shall coordinate their efforts... official's responsibility is shared with other natural resource trustees as a result of coexisting...

  2. 7 CFR 56.37 - Lot marking of officially identified shell eggs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Lot marking of officially identified shell eggs. 56.37... (CONTINUED) VOLUNTARY GRADING OF SHELL EGGS Grading of Shell Eggs Identifying and Marking Products § 56.37 Lot marking of officially identified shell eggs. Shell eggs identified with the grademarks shown...

  3. 21 CFR 1404.700 - When may the suspending official issue a suspension?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When may the suspending official issue a suspension? 1404.700 Section 1404.700 Food and Drugs OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Suspension § 1404.700 When may the suspending official issue...

  4. 21 CFR 1404.885 - May the debarring official extend a debarment?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false May the debarring official extend a debarment? 1404.885 Section 1404.885 Food and Drugs OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Debarment § 1404.885 May the debarring official extend a...

  5. 9 CFR 316.1 - Authorization required to make devices bearing official marks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authorization required to make devices bearing official marks. 316.1 Section 316.1 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE... required to make devices bearing official marks. No brand manufacturer, printer or other person shall...

  6. 32 CFR 287.11 - “For Official Use Only” Records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... PROGRAM § 287.11 “For Official Use Only” Records. The designation “For Official Use Only” will be applied to documents and other material only as authorized by 32 CFR part 286 and DoD 5200.1-R. 1 1...

  7. 9 CFR 592.260 - Reuse of containers bearing official identification prohibited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reuse of containers bearing official... § 592.260 Reuse of containers bearing official identification prohibited. The reuse, by any person, of... the packaging is accomplished under the supervision of inspection program personnel or...

  8. 25 CFR 11.427 - Threats and other improper influence in official and political matters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... political matters. 11.427 Section 11.427 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW... other improper influence in official and political matters. (a) A person commits a misdemeanor if he or... other exercise of discretion as a public servant, party official or voter; or (2) Threatens harm to...

  9. 18 CFR 3c.3 - Reporting fraud, waste, abuse, and corruption and cooperation with official inquiries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... OF CONDUCT § 3c.3 Reporting fraud, waste, abuse, and corruption and cooperation with official inquiries. (a) Employees shall, in fulfilling the obligation of 5 CFR 2635.101(b)(11), report fraud, waste..., abuse, and corruption and cooperation with official inquiries. 3c.3 Section 3c.3 Conservation of...

  10. 21 CFR 20.88 - Communications with State and local government officials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Communications with State and local government... government officials. (a) A State or local government official commissioned by the Food and Drug... Drug Administration records as any special government employee. (b) Communications with State and...

  11. 21 CFR 20.84 - Disclosure to consultants, advisory committees, State and local government officials commissioned...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., State and local government officials commissioned pursuant to 21 U.S.C. 372(a), and other special government employees. 20.84 Section 20.84 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH... consultants, advisory committees, State and local government officials commissioned pursuant to 21 U.S.C....

  12. 50 CFR 216.22 - Taking by State or local government officials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Taking by State or local government... AND IMPORTING OF MARINE MAMMALS General Exceptions § 216.22 Taking by State or local government officials. (a) A State or local government official or employee may take a marine mammal in the...

  13. Local Government Leadership Education: Measuring the Impact of Leadership Skill Development on Public Officials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Gregory A.; Lucente, Joe

    2012-01-01

    Many Extension leadership development programs have been evaluated for effectiveness. Little literature exists focusing on the evaluation of leadership development programs involving elected and appointed local officials. This article describes an annual program involving elected and appointed local officials and shares quantitative and…

  14. 40 CFR 27.16 - Disqualification of the reviewing official or presiding officer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Disqualification of the reviewing... AGENCY GENERAL PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 27.16 Disqualification of the reviewing official or presiding officer. (a) A reviewing official or presiding officer in a particular case may disqualify...

  15. 31 CFR 16.16 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Disqualification of reviewing... REGULATIONS IMPLEMENTING THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 16.16 Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. (a) A reviewing official or ALJ in a particular case may disqualify himself or herself...

  16. 43 CFR 35.16 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Disqualification of reviewing official or... REMEDIES FOR FRAUDULENT CLAIMS AND STATEMENTS § 35.16 Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. (a) A reviewing offical or ALJ in a particular case may disqualify himself or herself at any time. (b) A party...

  17. 41 CFR 301-71.201 - What are the reviewing official's responsibilities?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What are the reviewing... ACCOUNTABILITY REQUIREMENTS Travel Claims for Reimbursement § 301-71.201 What are the reviewing official's responsibilities? The reviewing official must have full knowledge of the employee's activities. He/she must...

  18. 20 CFR 405.215 - Procedures before a Federal reviewing official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Procedures before a Federal reviewing... PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Review of Initial Determinations by a Federal Reviewing Official § 405.215 Procedures before a Federal reviewing official. (a) General. The Federal...

  19. 9 CFR 312.4 - Official ante-mortem inspection marks and devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Official ante-mortem inspection marks and devices. 312.4 Section 312.4 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE... ante-mortem inspection marks and devices. The official marks and devices used in connection with...

  20. 31 CFR 538.531 - Official activities of the United States Government and international organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the official business of the United States Government or the United Nations by contractors or grantees... conduct of the official business of the United Nations specialized agencies, programmes, and funds by... States Government or the United Nations, or its specialized agencies, programmes, and funds, to any...

  1. 32 CFR 37.220 - How involved should the Government program official be in the project?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... SECRETARY OF DEFENSE DoD GRANT AND AGREEMENT REGULATIONS TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS Appropriate Use of Technology Investment Agreements § 37.220 How involved should the Government program official be in the... require program officials to have greater knowledge about and participation in business matters...

  2. 32 CFR 720.30 - Production of official records in response to court order.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Production of Official Records § 720.30 Production of official records in response to court order. (a... court order for production of Department of the Navy records is deemed inappropriate for any reason... that Bureau (20 CFR 1.21). In case of doubt, the matter should be handled in accordance with...

  3. Characteristics and Motivations of Sports Officials in the Province of Québec

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis Auger

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Participation in sport and recreation is important for Quebecers’ health, both mentally and physically. Sports in the province of Québec are organised under the tutelage of Sports-Québec. This is a non-profit organization composed of and representing 63 provincial sports federations, supporting 90 sports and 17 regional leisure and sport units. Federations are responsible for the development of their coaches, instructors and officials. Most federations and associations identify difficulties in recruiting, retaining and shortages of officials. The purpose of this article is to describe the profile of officials in the province of Québec and to identify motivations, perceptions, expectations and attitudes towards roles and functions in their sport and within the Québec sports system. Québec sports officials usually begin when they are young, then often leave, but some return later in life. Most of them come from within the sport; in general, team sports officials are more stressed; officials from individual sports need more time; and financial considerations are an important factor but not the only element for officials. Based on the results presented in this paper and discussion with the decision makers in the field, it is imperative to develop a strategic plan that will better take into consideration the needs of sports officials.

  4. 28 CFR 8.2 - Designation of officials having seizure authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Designation of officials having seizure authority. 8.2 Section 8.2 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE FBI FORFEITURE AUTHORITY FOR CERTAIN STATUTES § 8.2 Designation of officials having seizure authority. The Director, Associate...

  5. 45 CFR 4.3 - Process against Department officials in their individual capacities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... individual capacities. 4.3 Section 4.3 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION SERVICE OF PROCESS § 4.3 Process against Department officials in their individual capacities. Process to be served on Department officials in their individual capacities must be served in...

  6. The costs of socializing with government officials:A new measure of corporate political connections

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jingjing; Li; Liming; Zhao

    2015-01-01

    We construct a new measure to capture corporate political connections, which is based on the amount a corporation spends on socializing with government officials. We examine the validity of this measure using the exogenous turnover of top local officials and find that firms increase their political networking expenditures when top local officials are replaced. Compared to state-owned enterprises(SOEs), non-state-owned enterprises(non-SOEs) react more aggressively to changes in local officials, which implies that non-SOEs have stronger incentives to build political connections with officials through social intercourse. We also find that firms located in regions with low levels of marketization react more aggressively to the turnover of local politicians. In addition, we find a positive effect of corporate political socializing expenditures on corporate performance and valuation, which suggests that political connections built through social intercourse benefit corporations.

  7. What is the value of official statistics and how do we communicate that value?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tudorel ANDREI

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Einstein’s aphorism mentioned above wasn’t meant to colour the text, but we particularly believe it corresponds, in a way, to the topic we plan to introduce during the seminar. Consequently, paraphrasing it, the aphorism suggests a derived one which could read: “Not any statistics is official statistics and not any official statement that contains a numerical expression is statistics”. As to the above statements, the following question normally arises: “if not any statistics is official statistics, than what does official statistics mean and where does this brand, that represents a special value of statistics, come from?” On the other hand, if not any official statement, that contains a numerical expression on a certain economic or social phenomenon, is statistics, then what kind of meaning does it have?

  8. Announcing the Sociation Today Urban Sociology and Reprint Collection Series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George H. Conklin

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available "Sociation Today" is happy to announce the Urban Sociology Reprint Series. Other reprints will be focused on DuBois and his work available on-line, while the Max Weber video now has its own page. Articles printed in the current and past issues of Sociation Today have been gathered together in one place so they can be viewed conviently. The MENU link to the left will direct you to the proper place, as will the link above (for the urban reprints. The files will enable you to see the articles on a specific topic in one place, and also will enable the professor to assign the articles easily in classes. As an open access journal, Sociation Today's goal remains to provide scholars, the public and students with refereed articles exploring the nature of society and its interactions at no charge, unlike traditional journals and JSTOR.

  9. Effects of frequent announced parasitology quizzes on the academic achievement.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghasem Zamini

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The effect of frequent examinations on the students' learning has had inconsistent results. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of frequent announced quizzes on the learning of a representative sample of Iranian medical students.This experimental study was conducted among 37 fifth semester medical students who had taken the course in Protozoology and Helminthology, in which the same basic information were provided about different types of protozoa and worms. Initially, in the teaching of helminthology, ten routine sessions were handled with lectures and interactive questions and answers. Then at the beginning of the protozoology topic in the beginning of all of the next 9 sessions, the students were informed that they will have a quiz at the end of each session. At the end of the semester, the total scores of quizzes were compared with the mean final scores of protozoology and helminthology using paired t and repeated measure tests.The mean final scores of the protozoology lesson were not significantly different from that of the helminthology (10.45 ± 2.75 vs.11.25 ± 2.56 on the scale of 20, respectively, P=0.13. There was no significant difference in the mean score of the five quizzes compared with the mean final term score of protozoology. The overall mean scores in the helminthology lesson (11.25±2.56, protozoology lesson (10.45±2.75, and the quizzes (9.16 ± 3.55 were significantly different (P <0.0001.Frequent announced quizzes were not effective on increasing the medical students' motivation and learning.

  10. Obama Announces Science Education Goal at White House Science Fair

    Science.gov (United States)

    Showstack, Randy

    2012-02-01

    With student participants in the second annual White House Science Fair as a backdrop, President Barack Obama announced on 7 February programs to help prepare new math and science teachers and to meet a new goal of having 1 million more U.S. college graduates in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) over the next decade than there would be at the current graduation rate. That goal is outlined in a report entitled “Engage to excel,” by the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST), released the same day. Obama also announced several other initiatives, including a $22 million private-sector investment, led by the Carnegie Corporation of New York, to invest in STEM teacher training. After he toured the science fair projects, Obama said the science fair students “inspire” him. “What impresses me so much is not just how smart you are, but it's the fact that you recognize you've got a responsibility to use your talents in service of something bigger than yourselves,” he said. What these young people are doing is “going to make a bigger difference in the life of our country over the long term than just about anything,” adding, “We've got to emphasize how important this is and recognize these incredible young people who are doing that that I couldn't even imagine thinking about at fifth grade or eighth grade or in high school.”

  11. Toward Global Comparability of Sexual Orientation Data in Official Statistics: A Conceptual Framework of Sexual Orientation for Health Data Collection in New Zealand’s Official Statistics System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Pega

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. Effectively addressing health disparities experienced by sexual minority populations requires high-quality official data on sexual orientation. We developed a conceptual framework of sexual orientation to improve the quality of sexual orientation data in New Zealand’s Official Statistics System. Methods. We reviewed conceptual and methodological literature, culminating in a draft framework. To improve the framework, we held focus groups and key-informant interviews with sexual minority stakeholders and producers and consumers of official statistics. An advisory board of experts provided additional guidance. Results. The framework proposes working definitions of the sexual orientation topic and measurement concepts, describes dimensions of the measurement concepts, discusses variables framing the measurement concepts, and outlines conceptual grey areas. Conclusion. The framework proposes standard definitions and concepts for the collection of official sexual orientation data in New Zealand. It presents a model for producers of official statistics in other countries, who wish to improve the quality of health data on their citizens.

  12. Romanticizing Bureaucratic Leadership? The Politics of How Elected Officials Attribute Responsibility for Performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Poul A.; Moynihan, Donald P.

    2016-01-01

    A core task for elected officials is to hold bureaucratic leaders responsible, but how do they determine if public managers actually influence outcomes? We propose that partisan and leadership heuristics affect how politicians apply a logic of individualized responsibility, i.e. focus on individual...... elected officials more willing to pursue a logic of individualized responsibility. We also find that elected officials are more likely to assume that bureaucratic leaders determine organizational outcomes where performance is very high or low, a leadership attribution heuristic previously established...... in private sector studies. We argue that our findings have important implications for contemporary governance, given the growing reliance on performance metrics to assign responsibility....

  13. Mexican official Norms in constructions; Normas oficiales mexicanas en edificaciones

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morales Martinez, Norma Eneida [Comision Nacional para el Ahorro de Energia (CONAE) (Mexico)

    2005-07-01

    The Federal Law on Metrology and Normalization operative since July 16 1992, establishes that it corresponds to the dependencies of Federal Public Administration (APF), in its scope of competence, to constitute the National Consultative Committee of Normalization (CCNN) to issue the Mexican official norms (NOM) on products, systems, processes, methods, facilities, services or activities, as well as to certify, to verify and inspect its fulfillment. The NOMs are of obligatory application since their purpose is the establishment of the characteristics and/or specifications, criteria and procedures that allow to protect and to promote the improvement of the environment and ecosystems, as well as the preservation of the natural resources. The normalization for the power efficiency in the constructions represents an effort directed to the improvement of the thermal design of buildings and to the obtaining of its inhabitants' comfort with a smaller energy consumption. The heat gain by solar radiation is the source most important to control, a control obtained with a suitable design of the building covering. [Spanish] La Ley Federal sobre Metrologia y Normalizacion en vigor desde el 16 de julio de 1992, establece que corresponde a las dependencias de la Administracion Publica Federal (APF), en su ambito de competencia, constituir los Comite consultivo Nacional de Normalizacion (CCNN) para expedir las normas oficiales mexicanas (NOM) sobre productos, sistemas, procesos, metodos, instalaciones, servicios o actividades, asi como certificar, verificar e inspeccionar su cumplimiento. Las NOM son de aplicacion obligatoria porque tienen como finalidad establecer las caracteristicas y/o especificaciones, criterios y procedimientos que permitan proteger y promover el mejoramiento del ambiente y los ecosistemas, asi como la preservacion de los recursos naturales. La normalizacion para la eficiencia energetica en las edificaciones representa un esfuerzo encaminado a mejorar el

  14. An Official Status for Minority Languages? : A Study of State Languages in Russia's Finno-Ugric Republics

    OpenAIRE

    Zamyatin, Konstantin

    2014-01-01

    This study focuses on the phenomenon of the granting of official status for minority languages. The concepts of official language and minority language do not seem to be completely compatible and their linking requires further specification. In theory, an official language has both symbolic and practical communicative functions. An official language that is also a minority language functions primarily as a national symbol and potentially may also possess the practical function as a language o...

  15. 9 CFR 80.4 - Segregation of animals positive to an official Johne's disease test during interstate movement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... official Johne's disease test during interstate movement. 80.4 Section 80.4 Animals and Animal Products... animals positive to an official Johne's disease test during interstate movement. Animals that are positive... from the animals positive to an official Johne's disease test to the healthy animals in the vehicle....

  16. 9 CFR 80.3 - Movement of domestic animals that are positive to an official Johne's disease test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... positive to an official Johne's disease test. 80.3 Section 80.3 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND... animals that are positive to an official Johne's disease test. (a) Movement of domestic animals for slaughter. Domestic animals that are positive to an official Johne's disease test may be moved...

  17. 45 CFR 2540.640 - When will the reviewing official make a decision on the proposed action?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false When will the reviewing official make a decision... or Misleading Statements § 2540.640 When will the reviewing official make a decision on the proposed action? The reviewing official will issue a decision within 45 days of receipt of your response....

  18. 76 FR 9588 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Rural Housing and Economic Development Program; Fiscal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-18

    ... Appropriations Act of 1999. The competition was announced in the Federal Register (FR Doc. E9-10186) on May 4... Upper Rio Grande Workforce Development Board. TX 300,000.00 Proyecto Azteca, Inc TX 300,000.00...

  19. 78 FR 38361 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Rural Capacity Building for Community Development and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-26

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Announcement of Funding Awards for the Rural Capacity Building for Community... organizations with expertise in rural housing and community development to enhance the capacity and ability of local governments, Indian tribes, housing development organizations, rural community...

  20. 77 FR 26751 - Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS); Announcement of 2012 Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-07

    .... Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is announcing the IRIS 2012 agenda and requesting scientific information... information in accordance with the instructions provided below. ADDRESSES: Please submit relevant scientific..., regulatory, or program-specific implementation needs; (3) availability of new scientific information...

  1. 77 FR 29663 - Announcement of the Award of Single Source Expansion Supplement Grants to 11 Personal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-18

    ... under Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) number: OPHS/OAH/TPP PREP Tier 2-2010. Under this FOA a... supports the evaluation requirements outlined in the FOA and by ACA. Additionally, grantees are required...

  2. 75 FR 51749 - Bureau for Democracy, Conflict and Humanitarian Assistance Office of Food for Peace Announcement...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT Bureau for Democracy, Conflict and Humanitarian Assistance Office of Food for Peace Announcement... and Technical Division, Office of Food for Peace, Bureau for Democracy, Conflict and...

  3. 75 FR 56099 - Announcement of the Board of Trustees for the National Environmental Education Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-15

    ... AGENCY Announcement of the Board of Trustees for the National Environmental Education Foundation AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency; Office of External Affairs and Environmental Education. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY... National Environmental Education Foundation Board of Trustees. The appointee is Decker Anstrom,...

  4. An Operational Event Announcer for the LHC Control Centre Using Speech Synthesis

    CERN Document Server

    Page, S

    2011-01-01

    The LHC Island of the CERN Control Centre is a busy working environment with many status displays and running software applications. An audible event announcer was developed in order to provide a simple and efficient method to notify the operations team of events occurring within the many subsystems of the accelerator. The LHC Announcer uses speech synthesis to report messages based upon data received from multiple sources. General accelerator information such as injections, beam energies and beam dumps are derived from data received from the LHC Timing System. Additionally, a software interface is provided that allows other surveillance processes to send messages to the Announcer using the standard control system middleware. Events are divided into categories which the user can enable or disable depending upon their interest. Use of the LHC Announcer is not limited to the Control Centre and is intended to be available to a wide audience, both inside and outside CERN. To accommodate this, it...

  5. 77 FR 13317 - Notice Announcing Filing Priority for Preliminary Permit Applications: Lock+ Hydro Friends Fund...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-06

    ...] Notice Announcing Filing Priority for Preliminary Permit Applications: Lock+ Hydro Friends Fund VIII; FFP.... 24, LLC: Project No. 14280-000. 3. Lock+ Hydro Friends Fund VIII: Project No. 14262-000....

  6. Public Service Announcement: Heart Disease Doesn't Care What You Wear

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Home Current Issue Past Issues Public Service Announcement Heart Disease Doesn't Care What You Wear Past Issues / ... version of this page please turn Javascript on. Heart Disease Doesn't Care What You Wear IT'S THE # ...

  7. Nearby supernova factory announces 34 supernovae in one year'; best Rookie year ever for supernova search

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    The Nearby Supernova Factory (SNfactory), an international collaboration based at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, announced that it had discovered 34 supernovae during the first year of the prototype system's operation (2 pages).

  8. 75 FR 4414 - Wind Turbine Guidelines Advisory Committee; Announcement of Public Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-27

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Wind Turbine Guidelines Advisory Committee; Announcement of Public Meeting... and Wildlife Service (Service), will host a Wind Turbine Guidelines Advisory Committee (Committee...://www.fws.gov/habitatconservation/windpower/wind_turbine_advisory_committee.html , by February 23,...

  9. 77 FR 40618 - Announcement of Requirements and Registration for “SMART-Indivo Challenge”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Announcement of Requirements and Registration for ``SMART-Indivo Challenge'' AGENCY: Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology, HHS. Award Approving...

  10. 75 FR 48723 - Meeting Announcement: Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Advisory Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-11

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Meeting Announcement: Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Advisory Group... the Neotropical Migratory Bird Conservation Act (NMBCA) grants program (Advisory Group) will meet in.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Recognizing the importance of conserving migratory birds, the U.S. Congress...

  11. Virginia Tech's International Archive for Women in Architecture announces call for Milka Bliznakov Prize proposals

    OpenAIRE

    Chadwick, Heather Riley

    2007-01-01

    Virginia Tech's International Archive for Women in Architecture (IAWA), a departmental research and outreach center in the School of Architecture + Design, College of Architecture and Urban Studies, announces a call for Milka Bliznakov Prize proposals.

  12. International Archive for Women in Architecture announces call for Milka Bliznakov Prize proposals

    OpenAIRE

    Chadwick, Heather Riley

    2006-01-01

    Virginia Tech's International Archive for Women in Architecture (IAWA), a departmental research and outreach center in the School of Architecture + Design, College of Architecture and Urban Studies, announces a call for Milka Bliznakov Prize proposals.

  13. 75 FR 39691 - Announcement To Extend the Recommended Determination Preparation Period for the Spruce No. 1...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Announcement To Extend the Recommended Determination Preparation Period for the Spruce No. 1... the Spruce No. 1 Proposed Determination or prepare a Recommended Determination within 30 days...

  14. 76 FR 49485 - Announcement of Requirements and Registration for “Lifeline Facebook App Challenge”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-10

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Announcement of Requirements and Registration for ``Lifeline Facebook App Challenge...: The ``Lifeline Facebook App Challenge'' is a challenge aimed at multidisciplinary teams of technology... Facebook as a platform for connecting individuals together through an application (app) that will...

  15. 77 FR 6113 - Video Programming and Accessibility Advisory Committee; Announcement of Date of Next Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-07

    ... COMMISSION Video Programming and Accessibility Advisory Committee; Announcement of Date of Next Meeting... meeting of the Video Programming Accessibility Advisory Committee (``Committee'' or ``VPAAC''). The Committee will continue developing recommendations for the Commission regarding the provision of...

  16. 76 FR 57989 - Video Programming and Accessibility Advisory Committee; Announcement of Date of Next Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-19

    ... COMMISSION Video Programming and Accessibility Advisory Committee; Announcement of Date of Next Meeting... meeting of the Video Programming Accessibility Advisory Committee (``Committee'' or ``VPAAC''). The November meeting will continue to develop recommendations to the Commission regarding video...

  17. 76 FR 19356 - Video Programming and Accessibility Advisory Committee; Announcement of Date of Next Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-07

    ... COMMISSION Video Programming and Accessibility Advisory Committee; Announcement of Date of Next Meeting... meeting of the Video Programming Accessibility Advisory Committee (``Committee'' or ``VPAAC''). The... television, video description of television programming, accessible emergency information for people...

  18. 77 FR 23732 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Announcement of Office of Management and Budget...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-20

    ... Office of Management and Budget Approval; Current Good Manufacturing Practices and Related Regulations...) is announcing that a collection of information entitled ``Current Good Manufacturing Practices and... collection of information entitled ``Current Good Manufacturing Practices and Related Regulations for...

  19. Annual Earnings Announcements and Market Reaction: The Influence of Screening Criteria for Thin Trading

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Peder Fredslund; Thinggaard, Frank; Lønroth, Helle L.

    2001-01-01

    on this point suggest that the Danish stock market, although small, seems to have different segments of shares in relation to earnings announcements. Applying different screening criteria we find differences both in terms of how quickly the market reacts to earnings announcements and the relative quality......This paper presents the findings of an event study of the Danish stock market price reactions to annual earnings announcements in the period 1993-1997, with a dual purpose. The primary purpose is to find out how market reactions vary with different screening criteria for thin trading. Our findings...... purpose of our study is briefly to compare our findings with those of a similar study for the period 1971-1981. The aim is to find indications of developments in the Danish market's reactions to earnings announcements since that study. We find distinct indications that the Danish stock market in some...

  20. 78 FR 51211 - Announcement Regarding a Change in Eligibility for Unemployment Insurance (UI) Claimants in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-20

    ... of Unemployment Insurance, 200 Constitution Avenue NW., Frances Perkins Bldg. Room S- 4524... Employment and Training Administration Announcement Regarding a Change in Eligibility for Unemployment Insurance (UI) Claimants in Louisiana, Maine, New Jersey, West Virginia and the Virgin Islands in...

  1. 78 FR 68865 - Announcement Regarding a Change in Eligibility for Unemployment Insurance (UI) Claimants in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-15

    ... Employment and Training Administration Announcement Regarding a Change in Eligibility for Unemployment Insurance (UI) Claimants in Alaska, Mississippi, and Wisconsin in the Emergency Unemployment Compensation... Training Administration, Office of Unemployment Insurance, 200 Constitution Avenue NW., Frances...

  2. 78 FR 59374 - Announcement Regarding a Change in Eligibility for Unemployment Insurance (UI) Claimants in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-26

    ... Employment and Training Administration Announcement Regarding a Change in Eligibility for Unemployment Insurance (UI) Claimants in Alaska, Mississippi, and Wisconsin in the Emergency Unemployment Compensation... Training Administration, Office of Unemployment Insurance, 200 Constitution Avenue NW., Frances...

  3. 77 FR 5044 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Brownfields Economic Development Initiative (BEDI) Program...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Announcement of Funding Awards for the Brownfields Economic Development Initiative... (FLY) 2010 Notice of Funding Availability (NOFA) for the Brownfield Economic Development Initiative... available by HUD. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: David Kaminsky, Office of Economic Development...

  4. 77 FR 5043 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Brownfields Economic Development Initiative (BEDI) Program...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-01

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Announcement of Funding Awards for the Brownfields Economic Development Initiative...) 2009 Notice of Funding Availability (NOFA) for the Brownfield Economic Development Initiative (BEDI... by HUD. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: David Kaminsky, Office of Economic Development...

  5. Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagrams and Lease Maps - Gulf of Mexico Region NAD27

    Data.gov (United States)

    Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Department of the Interior — This file is based on the Mapping and Boundary Branch's Official Protraction Diagram (OPD)and Leasing Maps (LM). Each offshore area is defined by an API Number...

  6. 22 CFR 224.16 - Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT § 224.16 Disqualification of reviewing official or ALJ. (a) A reviewing... ALJ shall dismiss the complaint without prejudice. (2) If the ALJ disqualifies himself or herself,...

  7. USGS Small-scale Dataset - Official Protraction Diagram and Leasing Map Boundaries 200105 Shapefile

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer shows official protraction diagram (OPD) and leasing map boundaries covering areas of the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) within Federal jurisdiction....

  8. 2 CFR 1532.1125 - How do award officials and others know if I am disqualified?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Disqualification and Reinstatement Under the Clean Air Act and Clean Water Act § 1532.1125 How do award officials.... Anyone may access the EPLS through the internet, currently at http://www.epls.gov....

  9. 43 CFR 11.34 - When may the authorized official use a type A procedure?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... NATURAL RESOURCE DAMAGE ASSESSMENTS Assessment Plan Phase § 11.34 When may the authorized official use a... that, for species that are likely to represent a significant portion of the claim, the species...

  10. 78 FR 15123 - Financial Management Service; Proposed Collection of Information: Accountable Official...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-08

    ... Fiscal Service Financial Management Service; Proposed Collection of Information: Accountable Official... Management Service, Fiscal Service, Treasury. ACTION: Notice and Request for comments. SUMMARY: The Financial.... ADDRESSES: Direct all written comments to Financial Management Service, Records and Information...

  11. 9 CFR 381.103 - Official poultry condemnation certificates; issuance and form.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Official poultry condemnation... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION...

  12. A Hard Reform New official vehicle management system is in the works

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Guangzhou, capital of south China’s Guangdong Province, will further reform the use of official cars as part of its efforts to alleviate traffic jams, said the city’s traffic authorities on January 23.

  13. The Use of Vague Language in the Official Speeches Based on a Self-built Corpus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴茜

    2015-01-01

    Fuzzy Sets, introduced by Prof. L.A.Zadeh, was defined as “the dividing line is not distinctly separate and a certain set”, namely “fuzzy class indicates the categories in it, not the transition between the categories, and it is gradual not in unitary form.” This fuzzy nature of language is the unavoidable natural existence of human natural language system.Official speech is one way for the public to know about the social events and is the most convincing one. Vague language contributes a lot to the pragmatic functions in official speeches, such as the increasement of reliability and authenticity, to protect journalists and mitigate the responsibility. This paper, based on fuzzy linguistics, fuzzy semantics, pragmatics, studies the vague language in official speeches on newspaper, periodical or internet in order to enrich the use of vague language in official speeches, get a better transmission of social information.

  14. The three official language versions of the Declaration of Helsinki:what's lost in translation?

    OpenAIRE

    Carlson, Robert V; van Ginneken, Nadja H; Pettigrew, Luisa M; Davies, Alan; Boyd, Kenneth M; Webb, David J.

    2007-01-01

    The Declaration of Helsinki, the World Medical Association's (WMA's) statement of ethical guidelines regarding medical research, is published in the three official languages of the WMA: English, French and Spanish.

  15. Friendship Activities in Brief——Delegation of Local Government Officials Visits Australia and New Zealand

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DuanJun

    2004-01-01

    At the invitation of the Australian Sister Cities Association (ASCA), the CPAFFC sent a delegation of local government officials to Australia to attend its national conference and visited New Zealand on its way from July 31 to August 14.

  16. Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagrams - Pacific Region - West Coast NAD 83

    Data.gov (United States)

    Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Department of the Interior — This data set contains Official Protraction Diagram (OPD) outlines in ESRI Arc/Info export and Arc/View shape file formats for the BOEM Pacific Region. The use of...

  17. 75 FR 78211 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Questionnaire for Building Permit Official

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-15

    ... Census Bureau Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Questionnaire for Building Permit... (OMB) clearance of the Questionnaire for Building Permit Official (SOC-QBPO). The Census Bureau uses the Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI) electronic questionnaire SOC-QBPO to...

  18. Digital Offshore Cadastre (DOC) - Pacific83 - Official Protraction Diagram (OPD) Outlines

    Data.gov (United States)

    Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Department of the Interior — This data set contains Official Protraction Diagram (OPD) outlines in ESRI Arc/Info export and Arc/View shape file formats for the BOEM Pacific Region. The use of...

  19. [Chemical composition and chromaticity characteristic of Jilan glaze of Ming and Qing official kilns].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Jun-ming; Zhang, Mao-lin; Li, Qi-jiang; Wu, Juan; Quan, Kui-shan; Cao, Jian-wen

    2012-08-01

    Color glazes of Ming and Qing official kilns are excellent representatives of the famous ancient Chinese porcelains. The study of official ware with Jilan glaze has been an important topic. But it made slow progress due to the rarity of samples with strict production management and using system. The recipes, chemical composition and chromaticity characteristic of the Jilan samples excavated from official kilns in the Ming and Qing dynasties were first discussed by systematical testing with the energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) and color difference meter. The results showed that the porcelain stone content in Jilan bodies of official kiln in the Ming dynasty is higher than the samples of the Qing dynasty. The manganese content in Jilan glazes of the Ming dynasty is higher than that in the Qing dynasty, while the glaze ash addition and the lightness value in the glaze are opposite. PMID:23156793

  20. Why Announce Leadership Contributions? An Experimental Study of the Signaling and Reciprocity Hypotheses

    OpenAIRE

    Potters, J.J.M.; Sefton, M.; Vesterlund, L.

    2001-01-01

    Why do fundraisers announce initial contributions to their charity?Potential explanations are that these announcements cause future donors to increase their contributions, either because they want to reciprocate the generosity of earlier donors, or because the initial contributions are seen as a signal of the charity's quality.Using experimental methods we investigate these two hypotheses.When only the first donor is informed of the public good's quality, subjects not only copy the initial co...