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Sample records for bowl adamanzanes-bicyclic tetraamines

  1. Bowl adamanzanes-bicyclic tetraamines: syntheses and crystal structures of complexes with cobalt(III) and chelating coordinated oxo-anions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broge, Louise; Søtofte, Inger; Jensen, Kristian

    2007-01-01

    Seven cobalt(III) complexes of the macrobicyclic tetraamine ligand [2(4).3(1)]adamanzane ([2(4).3(1)]adz) are reported along with the crystal structure of six of these complexes. The solid state and solution structures are discussed, and a detailed assignment of the NMR spectra of the sulfato...... measured, yielding half lives of 20 min, 10 min and 3 h for the sulfato, formiato and carbonato species respectively. The corresponding reaction for the nitrato complex occurs with a half life of less than 3 min. The concentration acid dissociation constant for the Co([ 2(4).3(1)] adz)( HCO3)(2+) ion has...... been measured to K-a = 0.33 mol dm(-3) [ 25 degrees C, I = 2 mol dm(-3)] and K-a = 0.15 mol dm(-3) [ 25 degrees C, I = 5 mol dm(-3)]. The propensity for coordination of sulfate was found to be large enough for a quantitative conversion of the carbonato complex to the sulfato complex to occur in 3 mol...

  2. Basketball Bowling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirabile, Chris; Cooper, Michael; Petrie, Heather

    2006-01-01

    Basketball bowling was developed after students in the authors' physical education class participated in a bowling unit sponsored through Bowl America. Basketball bowling is a lead-up activity for elementary-age students that incorporates basic skills from basketball and bowling. The general object of this activity is to be the first team to roll…

  3. 40 CFR 721.10003 - Manganese heterocyclic tetraamine complex (generic).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Manganese heterocyclic tetraamine... Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10003 Manganese heterocyclic tetraamine complex (generic). (a) Chemical... as manganese heterocyclic tetraamine complex (PMNs P-98-625/626/627/628/629 and P-00-614/617) are...

  4. Phthalocyanine Tetraamine Epoxy-Curing Agents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fohlen, G. M.; Achar, B. N.; Parker, J. A.

    1986-01-01

    Tough fire- and chemical-resistant epoxies produced by using metalphthalocyanine tetraamines (MPT's) of copper, cobalt, or nickel as curing agents. Synthesis of MPT's commercially realizable and gives pure compounds with almost 90-percent yield. Synthesis applicable for metals with atomic radii of about 1.35 angstroms, including Cu, Co, Ni, Zn, Fe, Pt, Al, and V. Possible to use metal phthalocyanines to cure epoxy resins in homogeneous reaction.

  5. Ocean bowling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Showstack, Randy

    Coach Scott Carpenter, a biology teacher at Lexington High School in Massachusetts, says that “some [students] want to show that they can win on a football field, and some want to show that they know science better than anyone else.”His team of four sophomores and one senior proved their mettle when they won the 1998 National Ocean Science Bowl on April 27.

  6. My Bowl

    OpenAIRE

    Salamanca Cárdenas, Daniela; Castelblanco Domínguez, Junio Andrés

    2017-01-01

    My bowl es un proyecto que nace a partir de la búsqueda de nuevas y mejores formas de alimentación, sin necesidad de pertenecer a un estilo de vida fitness, sino que al contrario, se basa en el interés por encontrar y ofrecer una opción de alimentación de forma balanceada, práctica, rápida, personalizada, fresca y funcional, enfocado en los smoothies de fruta, con el propósito de lograr un bienestar general.

  7. Bowls Club

    CERN Multimedia

    Bowls Club

    2014-01-01

    Bowls Club Pour la 18ème année consécutive se déroulait le  "Challenge Claude CARTERET". Vingt trois personnes ont repondues "présent" et comme d'habitude dans une superbe ambiance, les trois parties avec à chaque fois un changement de partenaire se déroulaient avec acharnement. Notre juge arbitre Claude JOUVE applaudissait les gagnants qui étaient au nombre de quatre à avoir gagné  3 parties et étaient départagés par le goal-avérage. 1er : David JOUVE avec moins d'entraînement que le papa et son oncle mais qui est un battant 2ème: christian JOUVE (oncle de David) qui se fait donc coiffer au goal-avérage 3ème : Un nouveau venu très talentueux et adroit surnommé Mousse. Et notre pr...

  8. Bowls Club

    CERN Document Server

    Club de Pétanque

    2014-01-01

    Bowls Club   Par une belle fin de journée ensoleillée se déroulait le deuxième concours de la saison, le Challenge de notre ami "Patrick DURAND" qui a été membre du club et œuvré pour le celui-ci pendant  près de vingt ans. Un bel hommage lui était rendu par la présence de quarante personnes. Trente deux personnes ont participé au concours, soit seize doublettes. Des parties très disputées : quatre participants ont gagné les trois parties et ont dû être départagés par le goal average. Notre juge arbitre et  trésorier, Claude JOUVE,  proclamait vainqueur un habitué des podiums : Bernard GOICOECHEA qui  tenait  particulièrement à cœur de gagner ce challenge. Le deuxième ...

  9. Crazy Patchwork Clay Bowl

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hobbs, Janice

    2007-01-01

    Crazy patchwork quilts, which inspired this bowl, are as American as apple pie. In 1876, the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition opened and the American society fell instantly in love with Japanese ceramics and asymmetrical art. Victorian ladies incorporated the idea of asymmetrical design into their quilts, which became known as crazy quilts. The…

  10. Metal (2) 4,4',4",4'" phthalocyanine tetraamines as curing agents for epoxy resins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Achar, B. N.; Fohlen, G. M.; Parker, J. A. (Inventor)

    1985-01-01

    Metal, preferably divalent copper, cobalt or nickel, phthalocyanine tetraamines are used as curing agents for epoxides. The resulting copolymers have high thermal and chemical resistance and are homogeneous. They are useful as binders for laminates, e.g., graphite cloth laminate.

  11. The bowling balls

    CERN Document Server

    CERN Bulletin

    2010-01-01

    10 November 1972: CERN’s Bent Stumpe places an order for 12 bowling balls for a total cost of 95 US dollars. Although not evident at first sight, he is buying the heart of some of the first tracking devices to be used in the SPS control room. Today, Bent Stumpe’s device would be called a desktop mouse…   The first order for 4 bowling balls later changed to 12 balls. The bowling balls became the heart of Bent Stumpe's mouse. Almost 40 years ago, the web, Wikipedia and Google did not exist and it was much more difficult to know whether other people in other parts of the world or even in the same laboratory were facing the same problems or developing the same tools. At that time, Bent Stumpe was an electronics engineer, newly recruited to work on developments for the SPS Central Control room. One of the things his supervisor asked him to build as soon as possible was a device to control a pointer on a screen, also called a tracker ball. The heart of the device was the...

  12. Bowling: Entertainment for All Ages

    Science.gov (United States)

    McIntosh, Phyllis

    2011-01-01

    Of all American pastimes, bowling is one of the easiest to pursue. Just show up at the neighborhood bowling center, rent the required shoes, use the balls provided, and pay a reasonable fee to bowl as many games as one likes. The game itself--rolling a ball down a long wooden lane to strike club-shaped pins--appeals to all ages and is within the…

  13. Light-Induced Copper(II) Coordination by a Bicyclic Tetraaza Chelator through a Ligand-to-Metal Charge-Transfer Reaction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm-Jørgensen, Jacob Rørdam; Jensen, Mikael; Bjerrum, Morten J.

    2011-01-01

    To enable utilization of the broad potential of copper isotopes in nuclear medicine, rapid and robust chelation of the copper is required. Bowl adamanzanes (bicyclic tetraaza ligands) can form kinetically stable copper complexes, but they are usually formed at low rates unless high pH values and ...... inhibition from acido ligands capable of acting as electron donors in LMCT reactions. Dissolved O2 was also found to result in photoredox inhibition....

  14. Quantifying Cricket Fast Bowling Skill.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feros, Simon A; Young, Warren B; O'Brien, Brendan J

    2017-09-27

    To evaluate the current evidence regarding the quantification of cricket fast bowling skill. Studies that assessed fast bowling skill (bowling speed and accuracy) were identified from searches in SPORTDiscus (EBSCO) in June 2017. The reference lists of identified papers were also examined for relevant investigations. Sixteen papers matched the inclusion criteria, and discrepancies in assessment procedures were evident. Differences in: test environment, pitch and cricket ball characteristics, the warm-up prior to test, test familiarisation procedures, permitted run-up lengths, bowling spell length, delivery sequence, test instructions, collection of bowling speed data, collection and reportage of bowling accuracy data were apparent throughout the literature. The reliability and sensitivity of fast bowling skill measures has rarely been reported across the literature. Only one study has attempted to assess the construct validity of their skill measures. There are several discrepancies in how fast bowling skill has been assessed and subsequently quantified in the literature to date. This is a problem, as comparisons between studies are often difficult. Therefore, a strong rationale exists for the creation of match-specific standardised fast bowling assessments that offer greater ecological validity while maintaining acceptable reliability and sensitivity of the skill measures. If prospective research can act on the proposed recommendations from this review, then coaches will be able to make more informed decisions surrounding player selection, talent identification, return to skill following injury, and the efficacy of short- and long-term training interventions for fast bowlers.

  15. Croquet and lawn bowls

    CERN Multimedia

    Croquet Club

    2010-01-01

    The club is looking for new members. Why not try a new sport this summer? Croquet is a game of skill, where accuracy and tactics are equally important. It is good fun and Social Nights on Mondays, ending with a bbq, are very popular. We organise internal tournaments and our top players compete in European and World championships. Coaching is offered in both the simpler golf croquet and the more tactical Association versions of the game, starting early May. We have two lawns and a clubhouse on the Prévessin site, with bar and barbecue. All playing equipment is provided. Lawn bowls is also played, mainly on Wednesday mornings.   For further information please contact: Croquet: Norman Eatough Email: norferga@orange.fr Tel. 0033 450 412187 Lawn bowls: Denis Hill Email: denis.hill@freesurf.ch Tél. 022 757 2556 Le club cherche de nouveaux membres. Pourquoi pas entamer un nouveau sport cet été? Un cours d’initiation au croquet est offert. ...

  16. Vascular Response of Ruthenium Tetraamines in Aortic Ring from Normotensive Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Gabriela Conceição-Vertamatti

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Ruthenium (Ru tetraamines are being increasingly used as nitric oxide (NO carriers. In this context, pharmacological studies have become highly relevant to better understand the mechanism of action involved. Objective: To evaluate the vascular response of the tetraamines trans-[RuII(NH34(Py(NO]3+, trans-[RuII(Cl(NO (cyclan](PF62, and trans-[RuII(NH34(4-acPy(NO]3+. Methods: Aortic rings were contracted with noradrenaline (10−6 M. After voltage stabilization, a single concentration (10−6 M of the compounds was added to the assay medium. The responses were recorded during 120 min. Vascular integrity was assessed functionally using acetylcholine at 10−6 M and sodium nitroprusside at 10−6 M as well as by histological examination. Results: Histological analysis confirmed the presence or absence of endothelial cells in those tissues. All tetraamine complexes altered the contractile response induced by norepinephrine, resulting in increased tone followed by relaxation. In rings with endothelium, the inhibition of endothelial NO caused a reduction of the contractile effect caused by pyridine NO. No significant responses were observed in rings with endothelium after treatment with cyclan NO. In contrast, in rings without endothelium, the inhibition of guanylate cyclase significantly reduced the contractile response caused by the pyridine NO and cyclan NO complexes, and both complexes caused a relaxing effect. Conclusion: The results indicate that the vascular effect of the evaluated complexes involved a decrease in the vascular tone induced by norepinephrine (10−6 M at the end of the incubation period in aortic rings with and without endothelium, indicating the slow release of NO from these complexes and suggesting that the ligands promoted chemical stability to the molecule. Moreover, we demonstrated that the association of Ru with NO is more stable when the ligands pyridine and cyclan are used in the formulation of the compound.

  17. Vascular Response of Ruthenium Tetraamines in Aortic Ring from Normotensive Rats

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Conceição-Vertamatti, Ana Gabriela; Ramos, Luiz Alberto Ferreira [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), São Paulo, SP (Brazil); Calandreli, Ivy; Chiba, Aline Nunes [Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Campus Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, SP (Brazil); Franco, Douglas Wagner [Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Campus São Carlos, São Paulo, SP (Brazil); Tfouni, Elia [Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Campus Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, SP (Brazil); Grassi-Kassisse, Dora Maria, E-mail: doramgk@unicamp.br [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), São Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2015-03-15

    Ruthenium (Ru) tetraamines are being increasingly used as nitric oxide (NO) carriers. In this context, pharmacological studies have become highly relevant to better understand the mechanism of action involved. To evaluate the vascular response of the tetraamines trans-[Ru{sup II}(NH{sub 3}){sub 4}(Py)(NO)]{sup 3+}, trans-[Ru{sup II}(Cl)(NO) (cyclan)](PF{sub 6}){sub 2}, and trans-[Ru{sup II}(NH{sub 3}){sub 4}(4-acPy)(NO)]{sup 3+}. Aortic rings were contracted with noradrenaline (10{sup −6} M). After voltage stabilization, a single concentration (10{sup −6} M) of the compounds was added to the assay medium. The responses were recorded during 120 min. Vascular integrity was assessed functionally using acetylcholine at 10{sup −6} M and sodium nitroprusside at 10{sup −6} M as well as by histological examination. Histological analysis confirmed the presence or absence of endothelial cells in those tissues. All tetraamine complexes altered the contractile response induced by norepinephrine, resulting in increased tone followed by relaxation. In rings with endothelium, the inhibition of endothelial NO caused a reduction of the contractile effect caused by pyridine NO. No significant responses were observed in rings with endothelium after treatment with cyclan NO. In contrast, in rings without endothelium, the inhibition of guanylate cyclase significantly reduced the contractile response caused by the pyridine NO and cyclan NO complexes, and both complexes caused a relaxing effect. The results indicate that the vascular effect of the evaluated complexes involved a decrease in the vascular tone induced by norepinephrine (10{sup −6} M) at the end of the incubation period in aortic rings with and without endothelium, indicating the slow release of NO from these complexes and suggesting that the ligands promoted chemical stability to the molecule. Moreover, we demonstrated that the association of Ru with NO is more stable when the ligands pyridine and cyclan are used

  18. Introducing the Medical Ethics Bowl.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merrick, Allison; Green, Rochelle; Cunningham, Thomas V; Eisenberg, Leah R; Hester, D Micah

    2016-01-01

    Although ethics is an essential component of undergraduate medical education, research suggests that current medical ethics curricula face considerable challenges in improving students' ethical reasoning. This article discusses these challenges and introduces a promising new mode of graduate and professional ethics instruction for overcoming them. We begin by describing common ethics curricula, focusing in particular on established problems with current approaches. Next, we describe a novel method of ethics education and assessment for medical students that we have devised: the Medical Ethics Bowl (MEB). Finally, we suggest the pedagogical advantages of the MEB when compared to other ethics curricula.

  19. Tc-99m labeled triethelene tetraamine polysterene resin gastric emptying studies in bulimia patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shih Weijen; Castellanos, F.X.; Domstad, P.A.; DeLand, F.H.; Humphries, L.; Digenis, G.A.

    1987-07-01

    To evaluate gastric emptying in patients with bulimia, 20 patients (all women, ranging in age from 12 to 49 years) with upper gastrointestinal symptoms ingested 150-200 ..mu..Ci/sup 99m/ Tc-triethelene tetraamine polysterene resin in cereal and had scintigraphy in the supine position. Data were accumulated at 5 min intervals to determine the gastric emptying time (GET). The results showed that the gastric emptying time was prolonged in 12 patients and decreased in 8. All 12 patients with prolonged emptying time were given 10 mg metoclopramide intravenously; 9 of these had a good response and 3 had no response. Although all patients had subjective symptoms of gastric dysfunction, the results indicate that about 60% had delayed and 40% had rapid gastric emptying. The findings of two extremes of gastric emptying time remain to be explained, however, this enables (Albibi and McCullum 1983) objective documentation of gastric emptying as this technique (American Psychiatric Association 1980) can separate those patients with rapid GET from those with prolonged GET, who might benefit from metoclopramide.

  20. Bowling-Fencing Guide. January 1975-January 1977.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curtis, Joyce M., Ed.; Heinecke, Mary, Ed.

    This guide is divided into two sections. The first deals with bowling, and contains 11 articles concerning the mechanics and teaching of bowling. Some of the areas covered are (a) suggestions for teaching bowling, (b) how to practice with an automatic pinsetter, (c) bowling as a medium for learning for the handicapped, and (d) application of a…

  1. Sharing a bowl of tea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sen, S

    1993-06-01

    Soshitsu Sen's keynote speech before a symposium on population and the environment is summarized unofficially by the editorial staff. The instability of human thinking is given as the cause for the present destruction of the environment. In a visit to the His Majesty King of Sweden, Sen remarked that stabilizing human minds can be achieved within the tea ceremony through "serving tea heartily, receiving it with gratitude, and offering it to another." In this way, the spirit of concern for others can be practiced in everyday life and tranquility of mind reached. News broadcasts of starving parents and children as victims of civil war are disheartening. The Japanese people are not suffering such hunger, even though the economy has not been as robust as desired. The analogy is provided in the story by Chuang Chou about King Hun Dun and King Xiu and man's good intentions, which nonetheless destroy the earth. Japan has experienced forest and environmental destruction on the road to economic prosperity and satisfaction of self-interests. The advice on living in accord with nature is to appreciate each season for its own changes. For example, when it is the winter season, the complaint is about the cold and the desire is for spring; but when spring comes, the desire is for the cooler weather of fall. the ordinary way is to appreciate all seasons and is the best way of sustaining a healthy environment. In the garden of the tea hut, humans enter without their worldly title, position, and means; at the water basin, hands and mouth are cleansed, and entrance is made through a small hole into the hut much the same as emerging from the womb. Worldly matters are dispensed with and purity of thought is shared in the sharing of the bowl of green tea, saying "after you" to one another. Christianity and the Way of Tea share the same symbols of purification. The black tea bowl is in harmony with the green tea. Fatigue is relieved when gazing upon the color green; examples are given

  2. The combined bowling rate as a measure of bowling performance in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation ... i.e. the average number of runs conceded per wicket taken (A), the economy rate (E), which is the average number of runs conceded per over bowled, and the strike rate (S), which is the average number of balls bowled per wicket taken.

  3. Variability of PlayerLoad, Bowling Velocity, and Performance Execution in Fast Bowlers Across Repeated Bowling Spells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNamara, Dean J; Gabbett, Tim J; Chapman, Paul; Naughton, Geraldine; Farhart, Patrick

    2015-11-01

    The use of wearable microtechnology to monitor the external load of fast bowling is challenged by the inherent variability of bowling techniques between bowlers. This study assessed the between-bowlers variability in PlayerLoad, bowling velocity, and performance execution across repeated bowling spells. Seven national-level fast bowlers completed two 6-over bowling spells at a batter during a competitive training session. Key dependent variables were PlayerLoad calculated with a MinimaxX microtechnology unit, ball velocity, and bowling execution based on a predetermined bowling strategy for each ball bowled. The between-bowlers coefficient of variation (CV), repeated-measures ANOVA, and smallest worthwhile change were calculated over the 2 repeated 6-over bowling spells and explored across 12-over, 6-over, and 3-over bowling segments. From the sum of 6 consecutive balls, the between-bowlers CV for relative peak PlayerLoad was 1.2% over the 12-over bowling spell (P = .15). During this 12-over period, bowling-execution (P = .43) scores and ball-velocity (P = .31) CVs were calculated as 46.0% and 0.4%, respectively. PlayerLoad was found to be stable across the repeated bowling spells in the fast-bowling cohort. Measures of variability and change across the repeated bowling spells were consistent with the performance measure of ball velocity. The stability of PlayerLoad improved when assessed relative to the individual's peak PlayerLoad. Only bowling-execution measures were found to have high variability across the repeated bowling spells. Player- Load provides a stable measure of external workload between fast bowlers.

  4. USA ainus eksistentsialist Paul Bowles / Kalmer Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Kalmer

    2005-01-01

    Ameerika kirjanik, helilooja ja rännumees Paul Bowles (1911-1999), kelle romaani ainetel on loodud mängufilm "Varjav taevas" ("The Sheltering Sky") : režissöör Bernardo Bertolucci : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Itaalia 1990

  5. Storytelling Revealed in Super Bowl 2016 Advertisements

    OpenAIRE

    Rellahan, Celina

    2016-01-01

    This thesis investigates the use of storytelling in advertising applications and its influence on the instigation of social activity as measured by online views and social activity generated for advertisements broadcast during the 2016 Super Bowl. The thesis aims at identifying those elements of storytelling that are found in these advertisements and relating these characteristics to the success of the promotion in terms of immediate engagement of the viewing audience. The thesis present...

  6. A NEW LOOK AT THE BOWL PHENOMENON

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro B. Castellucci

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available An interesting empirical result in the assembly line literature states that slightly unbalanced assembly lines (in the format of a bowl - with central stations less loaded than the external ones present higher throughputs than perfectly balanced ones. This effect is known as the bowl phenomenon. In this study, we analyze the presence of this phenomenon in assembly lines with integer task times. For this purpose, we modify existing models for the simple assembly line balancing problem and assembly line worker assignment and balancing problem in order to generate configurations exhibiting the desiredformat. These configurations are implemented in a stochastic simulation model, which is run for a large set of recently introduced instances. The obtained results are analyzed and the findings obtained here indicate,for the first time, the existence of the bowl phenomenon in a large set of configurations (corresponding to the wide range of instances tested and also the possibility of reproducing such phenomenon in lines witha heterogeneous workforce.

  7. Vinča bowls with protoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spasić Miloš P.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Bowls with protoma represent one of several tens of types of Vinča vessels made of baked clay which have been published as finds excavated at Vinča sites for more than a century. We are dealing here with bowls of a markedly conical profile, with angled and slightly rounded walls and with a flat or slightly annular bottom. In most cases these bowls are not decorated, with the exception of the rare finds decorated by fluting, engraving and polishing. Their most significant peculiarity is the presence of four or eight protoma on the rim, facing the inside of the vessel. Taking into consideration all stylistic-typological characteristics, it is possible to divide them into two coherent categories of finds. The first consists of bowls with four oppositely placed protoma. Within this group it is possible to single out two subtypes, bowls with all four as anthropomorphic (Pl. I/6, 7; Pl. III/34 or all four as zoomorphic representations (Pl. I/5, 8, 9; Pl. III/33, 36. Bowls with eight protoma have actually got four pairs of oppositely placed representations. It was possible to discern two subtypes based on the objects that were completely preserved. The first subtype includes a bowl from the so-called Vinča ritual set, with two pairs of zoomorphic and two pairs of anthropomorphic protoma, both oppositely placed (Pl. I/3. The second subtype includes a bowl from house 1/2010 from Stubline with four identical, paired, totally stylised and schematised representations, whose identification is impossible (Fig. 1; Pl. I/1. Taking into consideration the metric and technological data, the thesis that seems most possible is that the bowls with protoma served for the consumption of or the storing/displaying of the content during some quite specific activities. Bowls with protoma appear in almost all regions of the central Balkans populated by Vinča culture communities and we do not note them in the areas of the neighbouring Late Neolithic communities. These

  8. Special requirements for alumina ceramic of ESG electrode bowl

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jun-An; Xue, Kai; Zhang, Jia-Tai; Zhang, Qiang

    2004-06-01

    At present ESG (Electrostatic Suspended Gyro) is the most precise inertia element in the world. The electrode bowl, which has direct effect on the precision of ESG, is a key part to ESG. Through the analysis of the function and characteristic of the electrode bowl in hollow rotor ESG and the present situation of new material development in the world, the alumina ceramic is regarded as the best material for the electrode bowl of hollow rotor ESG. By analyzing the present situation of alumina ceramic in the world, main technique requirements have been put forward for the alumina ceramic of ESG electrode bowl which is also fit for solid rotor ESG.

  9. When do molecular bowls encapsulate metal cations?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Jason R; Dunbar, Robert C

    2011-05-19

    Curved carbon π surfaces have chemical and physical properties suitable for exploitation for chemical microencapsulation and the self-assembly of nanoscale materials. Advances will greatly benefit from more understanding of their host-guest interactions with guests such as metal cations. Here, quantitative predictions are made for the binding of metal cations to three prototypical surfaces using density functional theory calculations: the buckybowls C(20)H(10), C(30)H(10), and C(40)H(10). The focus was on finding the most favorable binding sites, assessing whether binding is more favorable inside or outside the bowl, and exploring factors influencing the binding site preference. Classes of cations studied included small and large monocations and cations with multiple charges: Na(+), Cs(+), NH(4)(+), Ba(+), Ba(2+), and La(3+). Factors found to favor inside binding were large ion size and high ion charge, suggesting that polarization interactions as well as short-range interactions are important in determining the preferred binding sites inside and outside these buckybowls. Unlike monocations, which at best have only a weak tendency toward encapsulation, the multiply charged cations Ba(2+) and La(3+) were found to have a strong driving force toward containment inside the bowls. Coulomb potentials were found to favor cation binding on the outside surface of the bowls, but cation microsolvation through polarization interactions presents a compensating factor that can tip the balance in favor of encapsulation. Knowledge of these factors will be a valuable tool in the design of nanocontainers and the diverse architecture possible with these structural elements.

  10. Botanical reconnaissance of The Bowl Research Natural Area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee E. Carbonneau; Sarah D. Allen

    1995-01-01

    The Bowl Research Natural Area is a 206-ha old-growth forest in the White Mountain National Forest of New Hampshire. Elevations range from approximately 580 m along Wonalancet Brook to 1,215 m at the summit of Mt. Whiteface. Vascular vegetation in four Ecological Land Types (ELT's) of the Bowl was characterized on 12 plots and during qualitative meander surveys....

  11. Physiological responses and bowling performance during repeated spells of medium-fast bowling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duffield, Rob; Carney, Mitchell; Karppinen, Stuart

    2009-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between physiological and performance responses during repeated 6-over fast-bowling spells. Six, first-class, medium-fast bowlers performed 2x6-over spells separated by 45 min of light activity. The 6-over spells were based on the Cricket Australia fast bowling skills test that is a set order of deliveries at a grid-based target. Ball speed, accuracy and full and final 5-m run-up speed were measured on each ball. Nude mass, heart rate, core temperature, capillary blood lactate, pH and glucose, perceptual measures of RPE and muscle soreness (MS) and repeated vertical jump efforts were measured prior to, during and following each spell. Results indicated no decrement (P=0.41) and small effect sizes (dspells 1 and 2. No differences (P=0.6-0.8) were present between spells for heart rate, core temperature, lactate, pH, glucose, RPE, MS or vertical jump. Only final 5-m run-up speed showed a large correlation with ball speed (r=0.70), while accuracy and speed were not correlated (r=0.05). In conclusion, repeated 6-over spells in well-trained bowlers results in minimal performance decrement in mild conditions (22 degrees C). As faster bowlers had faster final 5-m run-up speeds, the maintenance of high final 5-m run-up speeds might be important to maintaining bowling speed. Future research should also include a third bowling spell and warmer environmental conditions.

  12. NAGWS Bowling-Fencing Guide, January 1977-January 1979.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knierim, Helen

    This manual is designed for use by coaches of bowling and fencing. Rules and regulations are outlined, and game strategies and teaching techniques are discussed. A bibliography for each sport is included. (JD)

  13. Comparison on Piston Bowl Shape Effect to Diesel Spray Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sapit, Azwan; Azahari Razali, Mohd; Nizam Mohammed, Akmal; Faisal Hushim, Mohd; Sadikin, Azmahani Binti; Norrizam Mohmad Ja'at, Md; Khalid, Amir

    2017-08-01

    Piston bowl geometry plays an important role on the combustion characteristics of diesel engine. There are various design of piston bowl in which each utilize the shape geometry to obtaining the specific required combustion characteristics. This objective of this study is to compare the effect of certain piston bowl shapes, namely Toroidal and Flat Bottom to diesel spray development. Simulation were done using ANSYS FLUENT 16.1 software Computing Fluid Dynamics (CFD). The simulation was performed on different injection pressure of 40 MPa and 100 MPa, with the ambient temperature in the combustion chamber that holding the piston is at 500K and 900K. Results showed that if the pressure and ambient temperature increases, the spray body expand outward from the spray center axis with wider spray cone angle. In addition, the geometry shape of the piston bowl influences the spray velocity distribution and the spray propagation path, indirectly effect the spray area and mass fraction distribution.

  14. Configuration System for Simulation Based Design of Vibratory Bowl Feeders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansson, Michael Natapon; Mathiesen, Simon; Ellekilde, Lars-Peter

    2017-01-01

    Vibratory bowl feeders are still among the most commonly used production equipment for automated part feeding, where parts are correctly oriented for further manipulation by being conveyed through a set of orienting devices. Designing vibratory bowl feeders involves selecting and sequencing a num...... the configuration task. To test the approach, the configuration system is used to find three device sequences for feeding three parts in specific orientations. The sequences are validated through simulation and real world experiments, showing good consistency....

  15. Whole blood analysis rotor assembly having removable cellular sedimentation bowl

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burtis, C.A.; Johnson, W.F.

    1975-08-26

    A rotor assembly for performing photometric analyses using whole blood samples is described. Following static loading of a gross blood sample within a centrally located, removable, cell sedimentation bowl, the red blood cells in the gross sample are centrifugally separated from the plasma, the plasm displaced from the sedimentation bowl, and measured subvolumes of plasma distributed to respective sample analysis cuvettes positioned in an annular array about the rotor periphery. Means for adding reagents to the respective cuvettes are also described. (auth)

  16. Disain Pisau Bowl Cutter untuk Pembuatan Nugget Ikan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tri Nugroho Widianto

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian disain pisau bowl cutter untuk pembuatan nugget ikan telah dilakukan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan bentuk dan jumlah pisau bowl cutter yang optimal untuk pembuatan nugget ikan. Penelitian dilakukan melalui beberapa tahapan yaitu penentuan kriteria disain, penentuan konsep disain, dan pembuatan alat dan uji kinerja. Pisau bowl cutter dibentuk dalam 3 buah disain yaitu tiga pisau lurus, tiga pisau melengkung dan enam pisau melengkung. Material pisau menggunakan stainless steel 304. Uji kinerja dilakukan dengan membuat adonan nugget ikan menggunakan bowl cutter selama 8, 12 dan 16 menit. Untuk mengetahui kualitas nugget ikan, parameter mutu yang diamati meliputi kadar air, tekstur, susut masak, water holding capacity (WHC dan uji organoleptik. Biaya operasional listrik diketahui dengan mengukur konsumsi energi yang digunakan oleh motor listrik bowl cutter. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa disain bowl cutter terbaik terdiri dari tiga pisau melengkung dengan lama pengadonan 8 menit yang menghasilkan nugget dengan kadar air 54,2%, tekstur sebesar 12,6 N, susut masak 16,7%, WHC 32,9%, nilai organoleptik lebih dari 7 dan biaya operasional listrik sebesar Rp. 2.700,-/100 kg adonan.

  17. [Acute compartment syndrome after a bowling game].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, C Y; Braun, K F; Huber-Wagner, S; Neu, J

    2015-11-01

    A 28-year-old male patient was initially conservatively treated by a general physician for muscle strain of the right calf after a bowling game. Due to increasing pain and swelling of the lower leg 5 days later, the differential diagnosis of a deep vein thrombosis was considered. Furthermore, the onset of neurological deficits and problems with raising the foot prompted inclusion of compartment syndrome in the differential diagnosis for the first time. Admission to hospital for surgical intervention was scheduled for the following day. At this point in time the laboratory results showed a negative d-dimer value and greatly increased C-reactive protein level. On day 6 a dermatofasciotomy was performed which revealed extensive muscular necrosis with complete palsy of the peroneal nerve. In the following lawsuit the patient accused the surgeon of having misdiagnosed the slow-onset compartment syndrome and thus delaying correct and mandatory treatment. The arbitration board ruled that the surgeon should have performed fasciotomy immediately on day 5 at the patient's consultation. The clinical presentation of progressive pain, swelling of the lower leg in combination with peroneal palsy must lead to the differential diagnosis of compartment syndrome resulting in adequate therapy. The delay of immediate surgery, therefore, was assessed to be faulty as this knowledge is to be expected of a surgeon.

  18. Enhanced Cellular Uptake of Bowl-like Microcapsules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Huiying; Zhang, Wenbo; Tong, Weijun; Gao, Changyou

    2016-05-11

    Among several properties of colloidal particles, shape is emerging as an important parameter for tailoring the interactions between particles and cells. In this study, bowl-like multilayer microcapsules were prepared by osmotic-induced invagination of their spherical counterparts in a concentrated polyelectrolyte solution. The internalization behaviors of bowl-like and spherical microcapsules were compared by coincubation with smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and macrophages. The bowl-like capsules tended to attach onto the cell membranes from the bend side and could be enwrapped by the membranes of SMCs, leading to a faster uptake rate and larger accumulation inside cells than those of their spherical counterparts. These results are important for understanding the shape-dependent internalization behavior, providing useful guidance for further materials design especially in biomedical applications.

  19. Tang dynasty (618-907) bowl measured with PIXE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laitinen, M.; Käyhkö, M.; Hahn, G.; von Uexküll-Güldenband, N.; Sajavaara, T.

    2017-09-01

    Brownish bowl originating from an underwater shipwreck located near Belitung island in the Java Sea, some 600 km south-east from Singapore, has been measured with particle induced X-ray emission. This study was a pilot project for the - now a spin-off company - Recenart research team where one target was to evaluate the authenticity of the different type of art objects. PIXE measurements were done from three different material positions from a single bowl received from a customer. These locations were categorized as a bluish/greenish pigment (under glaze), thick glaze and the body clay. When the obtained data was compared to the other references from different dynasties and kiln sites, the closest match was indeed the Tang dynasty, Tongguan/Ghangsha kiln-site potsherds - from where the bowl in question was also suspected to originate.

  20. The Fish Bowl: A Strategy for Assessing Independent Reading.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz, Claudia Anne; Kuby, Sue Ann

    2001-01-01

    Explains Fish Bowl, an activity for upper elementary and middle school students to share what they read and a method for teachers to assess student understanding of a book. Discusses benefits of reading aloud a summary of the book, reading a passage from the book, asking appropriate questions, and answering questions. (LRW)

  1. Message in a Bottle: University Advertising during Bowl Games

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Michael S.

    2009-01-01

    Through this descriptive qualitative study of institutional advertisements aired on television during the 2006-2007 college football bowl season, I sought to understand the messages communicated by colleges and universities to external audiences. The findings demonstrate the focus on selling the private benefits of higher education and call into…

  2. College Bowl Sponsorship and the Increased Commercialization of Amateur Sports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAllister, Matthew P.

    1998-01-01

    Contributes to scholarship on the increased influence of advertising and commercialism in society by investigating the increased economic centrality and symbolic visibility of corporate sponsors to college football bowl games. Argues that corporate sponsorship further devalues the integrity and essence of amateur sports. (SR)

  3. Extraverted Children Are More Biased by Bowl Sizes than Introverts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Ittersum, Koert; Wansink, Brian

    2013-01-01

    Extraverted children are hypothesized to be most at risk for over-serving and overeating due to environmental cues - such as the size of dinnerware. A within-subject field study of elementary school students found that extraverted children served themselves 33.1% more cereal in larger bowls (16-oz)

  4. Influence of bowl shaped substrate holder on growth of polymeric ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The input microwave power was about 300W. Earlier, under the same growth conditions, no deposition was achieved when flat molybdenum/steel substrate holders were used. In this study, two different designs of bowl shaped steel substrate holder at different bias have been experimented. Raman spectra confirm the DLC ...

  5. Bowls made of Laser Light to Corral Ultracold Atoms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, John

    2010-10-01

    Using stable lasers, it is now possible to create nearly perfect bowls made of pure light, which are smaller than a piece of lint and store atoms for several minutes in an ultrahigh vacuum environment. These almost frictionless bowls are ideal for cooling atoms by evaporation, the same way that alcohol cools the skin. In just a few seconds, atoms trapped in the bowl are cooled to temperatures of ten of billionths of a degree above absolute zero, where the de Broglie wavelength is several microns. These ultracold atoms occupy the quantum energy levels of the bowl, producing a giant quantum system that can be directly observed using laser flash photography. I will describe our laser trapping methods and show how they can be use to study a unique quantum gas of spin-up and spin-down ^6Li atoms, which are fermions that obey the Pauli exclusion principle. I will describe how this ultracold atomic gas now tests predictions in nearly all fields of physics, from high temperature superconductors to neutron stars, the quark-gluon plasma of the Big Bang, and even string theory.

  6. A Critical Analysis of Football Bowl Subdivision Coaching Contract Components

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nichols, Justin Keith

    2012-01-01

    This exploratory study is designed to inventory and analyze contract components used by Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) institutions in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) to further contribute to the body research. The FBS is comprised of 120 institutions and 94 of those institutions submitted contracts to "USA Today"…

  7. A new bis-tetraamine ligand with a chromophoric 4-(9-anthracenyl)-2,6-dimethylpyridinyl linker for glyphosate and ATP sensing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pouessel, Jacky; Abada, Sabah; Le Bris, Nathalie; Elhabiri, Mourad; Charbonnière, Loïc J; Tripier, Raphaël

    2013-04-14

    The synthesis of a new linear bis-tetraamine ligand L1, based on two 1,4,8,11-tetraazaundecane units grafted at the 2 and 6 positions of a pyridinyl linker substituted by an anthracenyl fluorophore in the para position, is described and anion complexation studies of L1 with anionic substrates are reported. The protonation pattern and the study of the binding properties of L1 in an aqueous medium with two anionic substrates, the nucleotide adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the herbicide glyphosate (N-(phosphonomethyl)glycine, PMG), were investigated by means of potentiometry, NMR spectroscopy and absorption and emission spectroscopic techniques. To decipher the impact of the chromophoric linker on the complexation process and to highlight its optical properties, a comparison is established with its previously reported analog L2 devoid of the anthracenyl group. The results unambiguously show that the protonation and complexation properties are preserved despite the presence of the bulky linker, allowing for the use of L1 as a fluorescent sensor for ATP and PMG.

  8. Marketingové aktivity restaurace "Pizzerie Bowling Litovel"

    OpenAIRE

    Spáčilová, Eva

    2011-01-01

    This Thesis deals with marketing activities of restaurant "Pizzerie Bowling Litovel", that tries to keep its satisfied customers. Theoretical section focuses on the principles of marketing in services, especially in hospitality. The practical section describes the current situation of the restaurant. Through the use of marketing research and competitive analysis, applies the theory on the real project and arrives with plans and recommendations on how to improve the marketing of the restaurant.

  9. Simulating US Agriculture in a Modern Dust Bowl Drought

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glotter, Michael; Elliott, Joshua

    2016-01-01

    Drought-induced agricultural loss is one of the most costly impacts of extreme weather, and without mitigation, climate change is likely to increase the severity and frequency of future droughts. The Dust Bowl of the 1930s was the driest and hottest for agriculture in modern US history. Improvements in farming practices have increased productivity, but yields today are still tightly linked to climate variation and the impacts of a 1930s-type drought on current and future agricultural systems remain unclear. Simulations of biophysical process and empirical models suggest that Dust-Bowl-type droughts today would have unprecedented consequences, with yield losses approx.50% larger than the severe drought of 2012. Damages at these extremes are highly sensitive to temperature, worsening by approx.25% with each degree centigrade of warming. We find that high temperatures can be more damaging than rainfall deficit, and, without adaptation, warmer mid-century temperatures with even average precipitation could lead to maize losses equivalent to the Dust Bowl drought. Warmer temperatures alongside consecutive droughts could make up to 85% of rain-fed maize at risk of changes that may persist for decades. Understanding the interactions of weather extremes and a changing agricultural system is therefore critical to effectively respond to, and minimize, the impacts of the next extreme drought event.

  10. Size of food bowl and scoop affects amount of food owners feed their dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, M; Lusby, A L; Bartges, J W; Kirk, C A

    2012-04-01

    The incidence of canine obesity appears to be increasing dramatically and understanding factors impacting the amount of food pet owners provide their dogs may improve weight management. Human research has shown the size of food bowls, plates and utensils can significantly impact the amount of food portioned and consumed. This effect can be attributed to both the Delboeuf optical illusion and the Ebbinghaus-Titchener size-contrast illusion. To investigate the existence of a similar effect with dog owners, 54 dogs and their owners were recruited for a four treatment randomized prospective trial. Owners scooped out a normal kibble-based meal using a small bowl and small scoop, small bowl and large scoop, large bowl and small scoop or a large bowl and large scoop. Each treatment was used once per owner over four visits. Repeated measures anova revealed the mean amount of food portioned using the small bowl and small scoop was significantly less than all other bowl and scoop combinations (150.7 g vs. 171.5 g vs. 172.7 g vs. 184.5 g, p 0.05). Owners were more likely to portion a larger amount of food with a large bowl and large scoop. Results are consistent with human data and emphasize the need for owners to use standard measuring cups. Results also suggest owner compliance during weight loss programs may be improved with smaller bowls and serving scoops. © 2011 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

  11. U.S. agriculture in a modern Dust Bowl drought

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glotter, M.; Chryssanthacopoulos, J.; Moyer, E. J.; Elliott, J. W.

    2015-12-01

    Drought-induced agricultural loss is one of the leading weather-related harms to the U.S. economy, but little is known about the effects of extreme droughts or of consecutive multi-year drought events on agriculture. Three droughts in the early 1930s make the Dust Bowl era the driest and hottest for agriculture in modern U.S. history and a useful analog to study extreme weather and its impact on human society. Improvements in technology and farm management over the last eight decades have dramatically increased average crop yields in the U.S., but the elimination of most non-climatic crop stresses means rainfed yields are now more tightly linked to climate. To understand how a 1930s-type drought would affect agriculture in the modern U.S., we drive empirical and biophysical process-based crop models with 1930s weather -- with and without increases in mean temperature -- to estimate effects of successive droughts on current and near-future U.S. maize, soy and wheat production. Our results suggest that Dust-Bowl-type droughts today would have unprecedented consequences for agricultural productivity, with single-year losses up to ~50% larger than the central U.S. drought of 2012, one of the most severe for modern agriculture. Sensitivity tests imply that damages at these extremes are highly sensitive to temperature. If extreme drought conditions are even modestly warmer (1-4 oC), single-year losses jump to more than twice the 2012 drought. Assuming that repeated crop failure over a relatively short period is likely to induce changes to land-use and management, we find that a future Dust-Bowl-like drought, especially under higher temperature scenarios, could lead to significant long-term consequences for U.S. agriculture. Changes in climate may increase the severity and frequency of future droughts, so understanding the complex interactions of weather extremes and a changing agricultural system is critical to effective preparation and response if and when the next Dust

  12. An Ecocritical Reading of Paul Bowles's The Sheltering Sky

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossein Sheikhzadeh

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Landscapes are not simply something objective and unchallenged out there but the work of the mind made by the strata of memory. This paper attempts to show that an ecocritical reading of Paul Bowles’s The Sheltering Sky (1949 helps one in better understanding of this novel of post-colonial alienation and existential despair. Bowles is an American writer and a composer who is undoubtedly the most arresting example of cross-cultural influence concerning a Western author and the Middle East and North Africa.  His fiction mostly focuses on American expatriates travelling in exotic locations. The Sheltering Sky is an encounter with the Sahara, not only the physical one but the desert of moral nihilism into which one may wander blindly. The boundless desert acts here as a metaphor and the journey symbolizes one’s own journey into the depth of his/her soul. The desert also projects an apocalyptic vision in the struggle between the West and the East and the Sahara becomes in fact a Conradian Heart of Darkness, an Eliotian Waste Land, and a Sartrean No Exit. In the novel the actual environment becomes in some ways pale and covert under the psyche of the writer. Consequently we come to know that Bowles's own knowledge and awareness of the same environments left traces in his work. Accordingly we may wrap up that the environment bears a direct impact on our understanding of it.

  13. Bowling-Fencing Guide with Official Rules. January 1973 - January 1975.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Docherty, Ethel, Ed.; Curry, Nancy L., Ed.

    Rules for women's bowling and fencing from January 1973 to January 1975 are discussed. Standards in sports for girls and women are detailed along with the Division for Girls and Women's Sports (DGWS) statement of beliefs. Specific articles dealing with bowling skills, norms, and rules for women are included. Articles are also included on the…

  14. Double concave cesium encapsulation by two charged sumanenyl bowls

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Spisak, Sarah N.; Wei, Zheng; Petrukhina, Marina A. [Department of Chemistry, University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, NY (United States); Rogachev, Andrey Yu. [Department of Chemistry, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, IL (United States); Amaya, Toru [Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Suita (Japan); Hirao, Toshikazu [Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Suita (Japan); The Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University (Japan)

    2017-03-01

    The controlled reaction of Na and Cs, two alkali metals of different ionic sizes and binding abilities, with sumanene (C{sub 21}H{sub 12}) affords a novel type of organometallic sandwich [Cs(C{sub 21}H{sub 11}{sup -}){sub 2}]{sup -}, which crystallized as a solvent-separated ion pair with a [Na(18-crown-6)(THF){sub 2}]{sup +} cation (where THF=tetrahydrofuran). The unprecedented double concave encapsulation of a metal ion by two bowl-shaped sumanenyl anions in [Cs(C{sub 21}H{sub 11}{sup -}){sub 2}]{sup -} was revealed crystallographically. Evaluation of bonding and energetics of the remarkable product was accomplished computationally (B2PLYP-D/TZVP/ZORA), providing insights into its formation. (copyright 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  15. Super Bowl Sunday: risky business for at-risk (male) drinkers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dearing, Ronda L; Twaragowski, Cheryl L; Smith, Philip H; Homish, Gregory G; Connors, Gerard J; Walitzer, Kimberly S

    2014-08-01

    Major sporting events and other festive occasions are typically associated with alcohol consumption; however, little is known about risky drinking during events such as the "Super Bowl." We sought to determine whether drinking on Super Bowl Sunday differed from Saturdays (the heaviest drinking day of the week) surrounding the date of the Super Bowl among at-risk drinkers. Heavy drinking participants (N = 208) were recruited via advertisements for a 2-year prospective study of drinking behaviors. From this larger sample, 196 were selected for whom the date of the Super Bowl was included in their daily alcohol consumption reports (including reports of abstinence on those days) for 2006, 2007, and/or 2008. Participants' average age was 36.4 (SD = 12.9); 49.5% were women. Participants at the point of recruitment were not seeking treatment and had not been in alcohol treatment in the past year. Analyses using multilevel modeling comparing Super Bowl Sunday to Saturdays indicated that men drank more alcohol on Super Bowl Sunday across all 3 years, whereas women's drinking was higher in only one of the 3 years. CONCLUSIONS/IMPORTANCE: These findings suggest that heavy drinking during the Super Bowl (and in association with other sporting events), particularly among men, warrants additional attention due to the potential for deleterious public health consequences.

  16. The effect of bowl-in-piston geometry layout on fluid flow pattern

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovanovic Zoran S.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper some results concerning the evolution of 3D fluid flow pattern through all four strokes in combustion chambers with entirely different bowl-in-piston geometry layouts ranging from ”omega” to “simple cylinder” were presented. All combustion chambers i.e. those with „omega“ bowls, with different profiles, and those with „cylinder“ bowls, with different squish area ranging from 44% to 62%, were with flat head, vertical valves and identical elevation of intake and exhaust ports. A bunch of results emerged by dint of multidimensional modeling of nonreactive fluid flow in arbitrary geometry with moving objects and boundaries. The fluid flow pattern during induction and compression in all cases was extremely complicated and entirely three-dimensional. It should be noted that significant differences due to geometry of the bowl were encountered only in the vicinity of TDC. Namely, in the case of “omega” bowl all three types of organized macro flows were observed while in the case of “cylinder” bowl no circumferential velocity was registered at all. On the contrary, in the case of “cylinder” bowl some interesting results concerning reverse tumble and its center of rotation shifting from exhaust valve zone to intake valve zone during induction stroke and vice-verse from intake valve zone to exhaust valve zone during compression were observed while in the case of “omega” bowl no such a displacement was legible. During expansion the fluid flow pattern is fully controlled by piston motion and during exhaust it is mainly one-dimensional, except in the close proximity of exhaust valve. For that reason it is not affected by the geometry of the bowl.

  17. Effects of Singing Bowl Sound Meditation on Mood, Tension, and Well-being: An Observational Study

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Goldsby, Tamara L; Goldsby, Michael E; McWalters, Mary; Mills, Paul J

    Poor mood and elevated anxiety are linked to increased incidence of disease. This study examined the effects of sound meditation, specifically Tibetan singing bowl meditation, on mood, anxiety, pain, and spiritual well-being...

  18. The preference for water nipples vs. water bowls in dairy goats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andersen Inger L

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Previous studies have reported that the design of the water dispensers can influence the water intake in farm animals. Horses and dairy cows seem to prefer to drink from an open surface whereas sheep and pigs apparently prefer water nipples, probably because of the worse water quality in water bowls. The aim of the present study was to examine the preference of dairy goats for water nipples or water bowls. Methods In each of the two experiments (exp. 1, dry goats, exp. 2 lactating goats, 42 dairy goats were allotted into 6 groups of 7 goats. In period 1, the goats had access to a water nipple. In period 2, they had access to a water bowl and in period 3 (preference test they had access to both a water nipple and a water bowl. Water usage and wastage was recorded and water intake (water usage - water wastage was calculated for each group for the two last days of each period. In experiment 2, water samples from each dispenser were analyzed for heterotrophy germs at 22°C, Escherichia coli and turbidity. Results Water usage was higher from water nipples than from water bowls both in experiment 1 (dry goats and experiment 2 (lactating goats. There was however, no difference in water intake from water nipples and water bowls. In the preference test (period 3, the water intake tended to be higher from the water nipple than from the water bowl both for the dry goats (exp. 1 and lactating goats (exp. 2. Especially for the dry goats, the differences between groups were large. Turbidity and heterotrophy germs were much higher in the samples from the water bowls than from the water nipples. Water wastage from the water bowls was negligible compared to the water nipples. From the water nipples the water wastage was 30% and 23% of water usage for the dry and lactating goats respectively. Conclusions We conclude that type of water dispenser (nipple or bowl was probably of minor importance for water intake in goats, but water bowls had a

  19. The cricket bowling performance of different racial groups at a junior ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The performance of C/I and W bowlers was relatively similar across the age groups. BA players bowled significantly fewer overs than W bowlers in the U13s in 2006, in the U15s in 2007 and 2009 and in the U19s in 2006, 2007, 2010 and 2011. C/I bowlers bowled significantly fewer overs than W bowlers in the U13s in 2008 ...

  20. The Relationship Between Variables in Wearable Microtechnology Devices and Cricket Fast-Bowling Intensity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNamara, Dean J; Gabbett, Tim J; Blanch, Peter; Kelly, Luke

    2018-02-13

    To date, the monitoring of fast-bowling workloads across training and competition environments has been limited to counting total balls bowled. However, bowling at faster velocities is likely to require greater effort while also placing greater load on the bowler. This study investigated the relationship between prescribed effort and microtechnology outputs in fast bowlers to ascertain whether the technology could provide a more refined measure of workload. Twelve high-performing fast bowlers (mean ± SD age 20.3 ± 2.2 y) participated in the study. Each bowler bowled 6 balls at prescribed bowling intensities of 60%, 70%, 85%, and 100%. The relationships between microtechnology outputs, prescribed intensity, and ball velocity were determined using polynomial regression. Very large relationships were observed between prescribed effort and ball velocity for peak PlayerLoad™ (R = .83 ± .19 and .82 ± .20). The PlayerLoad across lower ranges of prescribed effort exhibited a higher coefficient of variation (CV) (60% = 19.0% [17.0-23.0%]), while the CV at higher ranges of prescribed effort was lower (100% = 7.3% [6.4-8.5%]). Routinely used wearable microtechnology devices offer opportunities to examine workload and intensity in cricket fast bowlers outside the normal metrics reported. They offer a useful tool for prescribing and monitoring bowling intensity and workload in elite fast bowlers.

  1. Effect of Ball Weight on Speed, Accuracy, and Mechanics in Cricket Fast Bowling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katharine L. Wickington

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this study were: (1 to quantify the acute effects of ball weight on ball release speed, accuracy, and mechanics in cricket fast bowling; and (2 to test whether a period of sustained training with underweight and overweight balls is effective in increasing a player’s ball release speed. Ten well-trained adult male cricket players performed maximum-effort deliveries using balls ranging in weight from 46% to 137% of the standard ball weight (156 g. A radar gun, bowling target, and 2D video analysis were used to obtain measures of ball speed, accuracy, and mechanics. The participants were assigned to either an intervention group, who trained with underweight and overweight balls, or to a control group, who trained with standard-weight balls. We found that ball speed decreased at a rate of about 1.1 m/s per 100 g increase in ball weight. Accuracy and bowling mechanics were not adversely affected by changes in ball weight. There was evidence that training with underweight and overweight balls might have produced a practically meaningful increase in bowling speed (>1.5 m/s in some players without compromising accuracy or increasing their risk of injury through inducing poor bowling mechanics. In cricket fast bowling, a wide range of ball weight might be necessary to produce an effective modified-implement training program.

  2. Evaluation of American Indian Science and Engineering Society Intertribal Middle School Science and Math Bowl Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    AISES, None

    2013-09-25

    The American Indian Science and Engineering Society (AISES) has been funded under a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) grant (Grant Award No. DE-SC0004058) to host an Intertribal Middle-School Science and Math Bowl (IMSSMB) comprised of teams made up of a majority of American Indian students from Bureau of Indian Education-funded schools and public schools. The intent of the AISES middle school science and math bowl is to increase participation of American Indian students at the DOE-sponsored National Science Bowl. Although national in its recruitment scope, the AISES Intertribal Science and Math Bowl is considered a “regional” science bowl, equivalent to the other 50 regional science bowls which are geographically limited to states. Most regional bowls do not have American Indian student teams competing, hence the AISES bowl is meant to encourage American Indian student teams to increase their science knowledge in order to participate at the national level. The AISES competition brings together teams from various American Indian communities across the nation. Each team is provided with funds for travel to and from the event, as well as for lodging and meals. In 2011 and 2012, there were 10 teams participating; in 2013, the number of teams participating doubled to 20. Each Science and Math Bowl team is comprised of four middle school — grades 6 through 8 — students, one alternate, and a teacher who serves as advisor and coach — although in at least two cases, the coach was not a teacher, but was the Indian Education Coordinator. Each team member must have at least a 3.0 GPA. Furthermore, the majority of students in each team must be comprised of American Indian, Alaska Native or Native Hawaiian students. Under the current DOE grant, AISES sponsored three annual middle school science bowl competitions over the years 2011, 2012 and 2013. The science and math bowls have been held in late March concurrently with the National American Indian Science and

  3. A numerical study on the effect of various combustion bowl parameters on the performance, combustion, and emission behavior on a single cylinder diesel engine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balasubramanian, Dhinesh; Sokkalingam Arumugam, Sabari Rajan; Subramani, Lingesan; Joshua Stephen Chellakumar, Isaac JoshuaRamesh Lalvani; Mani, Annamalai

    2018-01-01

    A numerical study was carried out to study the effect of various combustion bowl parameters on the performance behavior, combustion characteristics, and emission magnitude on a single cylinder diesel engine. A base combustion bowl and 11 different combustion bowls were created by varying the aspect ratio, reentrancy ratio, and bore to bowl ratio. The study was carried out at engine rated speed and a full throttle performance condition, without altering the compression ratio. The results revealed that the combustion bowl parameters could have a huge impact on the performance behavior, combustion characteristics, and emission magnitude of the engine. The bowl parameters, namely throat diameter and toroidal radius, played a crucial role in determining the performance behavior of the combustion bowls. It was observed that the combustion bowl parameters, namely central pip distance, throat diameter, and bowl depth, also could have an impact on the combustion characteristics. And throat diameter and toroidal radius, central pip distance, and toroidal corner radius could have a consequent effect on the emission magnitude of the engine. Of the different combustion bowls tested, combustion bowl 4 was preferable to others owing to the superior performance of 3% of higher indicated mean effective pressure and lower fuel consumption. Interestingly, trade-off for NO x emission was higher only by 2.85% compared with the base bowl. The sensitivity analysis proved that bowl depth, bowl diameter, toroidal radius, and throat diameter played a vital role in the fuel consumption parameter and emission characteristics even at the manufacturing tolerance variations.

  4. Laboratory evaluation of the 3-bowl system used for washing-up eating utensils in the field.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hargreaves, Joanna S

    2006-01-01

    A 3-bowl system is used for washing-up eating utensils on many expeditions when running water is not available. The utensils are washed in the first bowl until they are visibly clean, rinsed in the second bowl, and disinfected in the third bowl. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of this system in reducing bacterial loads on contaminated utensils and to compare it with alternative washing-up methods. Different washing-up systems were tested with a simulated dish washing of 5 contaminated mess tins followed by 5 uncontaminated mess tins. Porridge was used to simulate food residue and was mixed with Escherichia coli to produce bacterial contamination. Reduction of bacterial load on the mess tins was measured, as were subjective observations regarding the various systems. Bacterial load on contaminated tins is reduced when the 3-bowl system is used. Uncontaminated tins become contaminated in bowl 1, but this is then reduced in subsequent bowls. Disinfectant use, especially bleach, produced a marked reduction in bacterial load on contaminated and uncontaminated tins when used in bowl 2. Detergent is needed to remove grease, and a final rinse removes the smell of disinfectant. Overall, the most effective washing-up system in the laboratory was removal of most food residue with detergent in bowl 1, finish washing with bleach until visibly clean in bowl 2, and a final rinse in drinkable water in bowl 3. This system has advantages over the established 3-bowl system by getting mess tins clean more easily, killing potentially harmful bacteria, and removing the smell and taste of disinfectant.

  5. DAMPAK PERMAINAN BOWLING TIRUAN TERHADAP KECAKAPAN MOTORIK ANAK TERBELAKANG MENTAL USIA DINI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suparno -

    2014-06-01

    Abstrak: Dampak Permainan Bowling Tiruan terhadap Keterampilan Motorik Anak Terbelakang Mental Usia Dini. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh gambaran mengenai dampak permainan dengan aturan bowling tiruan terhadap peningkatan kecakapan koordinasi motorik anak terbelakang mental usia dini. Sebanyak enam anak yang mengalami keterbelakangan mental berusia 5-7 tahun, terdiri atas empat laki-laki dan dua wanita di TKLB/C Pembina Yogyakarta yang diambil secara purposive dijadikan subjek. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuasi eksperimen dengan rancangan pretes-postes satu kelompok. Observasi terbuka dan rekaman video digunakan untuk melihat kecakapan koordinasi motorik subjek. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya dampak positif permainan dengan aturan berupa bowling tiruan terhadap peningkatan kecakapan koordinasi motorik anak terbelakang mental usia dini.

  6. Studies on piston bowl geometries using single blend ratio of various non-edible oils.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viswanathan, Karthickeyan; Pasupathy, Balamurugan

    2017-07-01

    The depletion of fossil fuels and hike in crude oil prices were some of the main reasons to explore new alternatives from renewable source of energy. This work presents the impact of various bowl geometries on diesel engine with diesel and biodiesel samples. Three non-edible oils were selected, namely pumpkin seed oil, orange oil and neem oil. These oils were converted into respective biodiesel using transesterification process in the presence of catalyst and alcohol. After transesterification process, the oils were termed as pumpkin seed oil methyl ester (PSOME), orange oil methyl ester (OME) and neem oil methyl ester (NOME), respectively. The engine used for experimentation was a single-cylinder four-stroke water-cooled direct-injection diesel engine and loads were applied to the engine using eddy current dynamometer. Two bowl geometries were developed, namely toroidal combustion chamber (TCC) and trapezoidal combustion chamber (TRCC). Also, the engine was inbuilt with hemispherical combustion chamber (HCC). The base line readings were recorded using neat diesel fuel with HCC for various loads. Followed by 20% of biodiesel mixed with 80% neat diesel for all prepared methyl esters and termed as B1 (20% PSOME with 80% diesel), B2 (20% OME with 80% diesel) and B3 (20% NOME with 80% diesel). All fuel samples were tested in HCC, TCC and TRCC bowl geometries under standard injection timing and with compression ratio of 18. Increased brake thermal efficiency and reduced brake specific fuel consumption were observed with diesel in TCC geometry. Also, higher heat release and cylinder pressures with lower ignition delay were recorded with TCC bowl geometry. TCC bowl geometry showed lower CO, HC and smoke emissions with B2 fuel sample than diesel and other biodiesel samples. But, higher NOx emission was observed in HCC and TCC than that in TRCC bowl geometry. Graphical abstract ᅟ.

  7. The preference for water nipples vs. water bowls in dairy goats

    OpenAIRE

    B?e, Knut E; Ehrlenbruch, Rebecca; Andersen, Inger L

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Previous studies have reported that the design of the water dispensers can influence the water intake in farm animals. Horses and dairy cows seem to prefer to drink from an open surface whereas sheep and pigs apparently prefer water nipples, probably because of the worse water quality in water bowls. The aim of the present study was to examine the preference of dairy goats for water nipples or water bowls. Methods In each of the two experiments (exp. 1, dry goats, exp. 2 l...

  8. Synthesis and Characterization of Bowl-Like Single-Crystalline BaTiO3 Nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Novel bowl-like single-crystalline BaTiO3 nanoparticles were synthesized by a simple hydrothermal method using Ba(OH)2·8H2O and TiO2 as precursors. The as-prepared products were characterized by XRD, Raman spectroscopy, SEM and TEM. The results show that the bowl-like BaTiO3 nanoparticles are single-crystalline and have a size about 100–200 nm in diameter. Local piezoresponse force measurements indicate that the BaTiO3 nanoparticles have switchable polarization at room temperature. The local effective piezoelectric coefficient is approximately 28 pm/V. PMID:20596350

  9. Synthesis and Characterization of Bowl-Like Single-Crystalline BaTiO3 Nanoparticles

    OpenAIRE

    Deng, Zhao; Dai, Ying; Chen, Wen; Pei, Xinmei; Liao, Jihong

    2010-01-01

    Novel bowl-like single-crystalline BaTiO3 nanoparticles were synthesized by a simple hydrothermal method using Ba(OH)2?8H2O and TiO2 as precursors. The as-prepared products were characterized by XRD, Raman spectroscopy, SEM and TEM. The results show that the bowl-like BaTiO3 nanoparticles are single-crystalline and have a size about 100?200 nm in diameter. Local piezoresponse force measurements indicate that the BaTiO3 nanoparticles have switchable polarization at room temperature. The local ...

  10. ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY VERIFICATION: JOINT (NSF-EPA) VERIFICATION STATEMENT AND REPORT: TRITON SYSTEMS, LLC SOLID BOWL CENTRIFUGE, MODEL TS-5000

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verification testing of the Triton Systems, LLC Solid Bowl Centrifuge Model TS-5000 (TS-5000) was conducted at the Lake Wheeler Road Field Laboratory Swine Educational Unit in Raleigh, North Carolina. The TS-5000 was 48" in diameter and 30" deep, with a bowl capacity of 16 ft3. ...

  11. Does Becoming a Member of the Football Bowl Subdivision Increase Institutional Attractiveness to Potential Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Willis A.

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, a number of colleges and universities have made the decision to pursue membership in the NCAA's Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) with the idea that participating in higher profile intercollegiate football can help attract students to their institution. This belief, however, has not been empirically examined. Using…

  12. Reclassification to the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision: A Case Study at Western Kentucky University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Upright, Paula A.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe the reclassification process of Western Kentucky University's football program from the Football Championship Subdivision (FCS) to the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), the highest and most visible level of NCAA competition. Three research questions guided the study: (a) Why did Western Kentucky University…

  13. Comparison of Attitudes toward Gay Men and Lesbians among Students at Bowling Green State University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manning, Trisha; Nicoloff, Jennifer

    This study examined the attitudes toward gay men and lesbians among male and female undergraduate students and graduate students at Bowling Green State University (Ohio). The subject pool included 99 students between the ages of 18 and 48. The sample included 47 males, 52 females, 60 undergraduate students, and 39 graduate students. A…

  14. National Ocean Sciences Bowl in 2013: A National Competition for High School Ocean Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-30

    career decisions. The study incorporated surveys, cognitive tests, interviews, focus groups, video biographies and self-authored narratives from...University • Dolphin Challenge (Galveston, Texas) – Terrie Looney, Texas A&M University – Galveston and Texas Sea Grant • Great Lakes Bowl (Michigan

  15. Synthesis and characterization of pi-extended bowl-shaped pi-conjugated molecules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amaya, Toru; Mori, Koichi; Wu, Hsyueh-Liang; Ishida, Satoshi; Nakamura, Jun-ichi; Murata, Kazuhiko; Hirao, Toshikazu

    2007-05-21

    A series of pi-extended bowl-shaped pi-conjugated compounds were synthesized from sumanene and characterized, and among them the terthiophene derivative showed a remarkable red-shifted absorption and small band gap, which wa rationalized by molecular orbital calculation.

  16. Selling Exclusion: Images of Students of Color in Bowl Game Advertising

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Michael S.; Bourke, Brian

    2008-01-01

    Each winter, the best collegiate football programs compete in the Bowl Championship Series. in addition to showcasing their prowess of the field, each school is afforded opportunities to highlight other aspects of their institution in the form of advertising spots. The current study analyzed each of these spots for the 43 university participants…

  17. Cricket pace bowling: The trade-off between optimising knee angle ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background. The cricket pace bowler utilises various strategies, including a more extended front knee angle, to achieve optimal performance benefits. At times this is done to the detriment of injury prevention. Objective. To investigate the relationship between three-dimensional (3D) knee kinematics during pace bowling ...

  18. Elderly people's perceptions of using Wii sports bowling - A qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glännfjord, Fredrik; Hemmingsson, Helena; Larsson Ranada, Åsa

    2017-09-01

    The Nintendo Wii is a gaming console with motion-sensitive controls that is making inroads into health care and rehabilitation. However, there is still limited knowledge on how elderly people perceive the use of such a product. The aim of this study was to examine how the use of the Wii Sports Bowling in an activity group was perceived by elderly people. The data consisted of observations and interviews with participants who used Wii Sports Bowling and was analysed with content analysis. The findings are described in three themes; 'The use of the Wii Sports game', 'Engagement in the game' and 'Social interaction around the activity'. Wii Sports Bowling was described as easier to play compared to real-life bowling and was enjoyable and a social activity. The opportunity to meet the group each week was important for the participants. Playing the game resulted in signs of immersion and a flow-like state. The Wii was perceived to be easy to use, to provide a way to socialize with peers and to give opportunities to participate in activities in a new way. More studies regarding elderly people's experiences and apprehensions regarding new technology such as gaming consoles and virtual reality are needed.

  19. Selling College: A Longitudinal Study of American College Football Bowl Game Public Service Announcements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tobolowsky, Barbara F.; Lowery, John Wesley

    2014-01-01

    Using ideological analysis as a frame, researchers analyzed institutionally created commercials (PSAs) that appeared in 28 U.S. college football bowl games over a seven-year period (2003-2009) to better understand the universities' brands as represented in these advertisements. They found many common elements such as showing traditional…

  20. Australia's City Food Bowls: Fertile Ground for Investigating Biomes and Food Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carey, Rachel; Sheridan, Jen

    2017-01-01

    Australia's major state capitals are surrounded by highly productive food bowls, which are an important source of fresh foods for their growing populations. These food producing biomes are a rich resource for investigating key themes related to Biomes and food security, one of two Year 9 units of study in the Australian Curriculum: Geography. This…

  1. The Importance of a Conchal Bowl Element in the Fabrication of a Three-Dimensional Framework in Total Auricular Reconstruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Young Soo Kim

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available BackgroundTo construct a sophisticated three-dimensional framework, numerous modifications have been reported in the literature. However, most surgeons have paid little attention to the anatomical configuration of the concha and more to its deepness and hollowness, leading to unsatisfactory outcomes.MethodsFor a configuration of the concha that is definitely anatomical, the author further developed and employed the conchal bowl element, which has been used by several surgeons although the results have not been published elsewhere. The author constructed the conchal bowl element in one of three patterns according to the amount of available cartilages: one block, two-pieces, or a cymba bowl element only. A total of 20 patients underwent auricular reconstruction using a costal cartilage framework between 2009 and 2012. The 8 earliest reconstructions were performed without a conchal bowl element and the latter 12 with a conchal bowl element. The patients were followed up for more than 1 year. The aesthetic results were scored by evaluating characteristics involving the stability of the crus helicis, the conchal definition, and the smoothness of the helical curve.ResultsThe ears reconstructed early without a conchal bowl element showed a shallow and one or two incompletely separated concha with an obliterated cymba conchal space. They also did not have a realistic or smooth curve of the helix because of an unstable crus helicis. However, ears reconstructed later with the concha bowl element showed a definite crus helicis, deep cymba conchal space, and smooth helical curve.ConclusionsThe construction of the conchal bowl element is simple, not time-consuming procedure. It is suggested that the conchal bowl element must be constructed and attached to the main framework for natural configuration of the reconstructed ear.

  2. Family fun or cultural free-for-all? A critique of the 2015 National Football League Super Bowl commercials

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Basch, Corey H; Kernan, William D; Reeves, Rachel

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to enumerate and describe violent and risky behaviors as well as other general health behaviors exhibited in the advertisements during the National Football League (NFL) Super Bowl 2015...

  3. Cricket pace bowling: The trade-off between optimising knee angle ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    S Afr J Sports Med 2015;27(3):76-81. DOI:10.7196/SAJSM.8111. Cricket pace bowling: The trade-off between optimising knee angle for performance advantages v. injury prevention. B Olivier,1 PhD; A V Stewart,1 PhD; A C Green,2 MSc (Physiol); W McKinon,2 PhD. 1 Department of Physiotherapy, School of Therapeutic ...

  4. "I only watch for the commercials": Messages about weight, eating and race in Super Bowl advertisements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lydecker, Janet A; Izzo, Antonio; Spielberger, Gail; Grilo, Carlos M

    2017-09-22

    Health experts and communication experts assert that the media influence individuals' health. Yet, incongruously, the public, policy-makers and the media themselves appear reticent to accept that the media could have extensive negative influence on health. The current study examined all ads that aired from Super Bowl XLVI through Super Bowl XLIX (N = 241) using a detailed, multistep coding process. Ads had similar racial/ethnic diversity in the full sample and food/beverage ads. A minority (14.5%) of advertisements contained actors with overweight/obesity, who were more likely to be White and less likely to be Hispanic compared with race/ethnicity in all ads. Humour and tone were similarly present whether or not the ads included actors with overweight/obesity. Findings are striking given the high prevalence of overweight/obesity in the USA, particularly among Black and Hispanic populations, and the comparatively low representation of actors with overweight/obesity in Super Bowl advertisements. Surprising weight findings may signal a change in how the media portray body-size norms (away from exclusively thin), although representations remain disproportionate from actual body-size distributions in the USA. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  5. The Importance of a Conchal Bowl Element in the Fabrication of a Three-Dimensional Framework in Total Auricular Reconstruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Young Soo Kim

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Background  To construct a sophisticated three-dimensionalframework, numerousmodifications have been reported in the literature. However, mostsurgeons have paid little attentionto the anatomical configuration of the concha and more to its deepness and hollowness,leading to unsatisfactory outcomes.Methods  For a configuration ofthe concha thatis definitely anatomical,the authorfurtherdeveloped and employed the conchal bowl element,which has been used by severalsurgeonsalthough the results have not been published elsewhere. The author constructed the conchalbowl element in one of three patterns according to the amount of available cartilages: oneblock,two-pieces, or a cymba bowl element only. A total of 20 patients underwent auricularreconstruction using a costal cartilage framework between 2009 and 2012. The 8 earliestreconstructionswere performedwithout a conchal bowl element and the latter 12with a conchalbowl element. The patientswere followed up for more than 1 year. The aesthetic resultswerescored by evaluating characteristicsinvolving the stability ofthe crus helicis,the conchal definition, and the smoothness ofthe helical curve.Results  The earsreconstructed earlywithout a conchal bowl elementshowed a shallowandone or two incompletely separated concha with an obliterated cymba conchal space. Theyalso did not have a realistic orsmooth curve ofthe helix because of an unstable crus helicis.However, earsreconstructed laterwith the concha bowl elementshowed a definite crus helicis,deep cymba conchalspace, and smooth helical curve.Conclusions  The construction of the conchal bowl element is simple, not time-consumingprocedure. It is suggested that the conchal bowl element must be constructed and attachedto themain framework for natural configuration ofthe reconstructed ear.

  6. Cricket fast bowling workload patterns as risk factors for tendon, muscle, bone and joint injuries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orchard, John W; Blanch, Peter; Paoloni, Justin; Kountouris, Alex; Sims, Kevin; Orchard, Jessica J; Brukner, Peter

    2015-08-01

    To assess workload-related risk factors for injuries to particular tissue types in cricket fast bowlers. 235 fast bowlers who bowled in 14600 player innings over a period of 15 years were followed in a prospective cohort risk factor study to compare overs bowled in each match (including preceding workload patterns) and injury risk in the 3-4 weeks subsequent to the match. Injuries were categorised according to the affected tissue type as either: bone stress, tendon injuries, muscle strain or joint injuries. Workload risk factors were examined using binomial logistic regression multivariate analysis, with a forward stepwise procedure requiring a significance of injuries, but high medium term (3-month workload) was protective. For bone stress injuries, high medium term workload and low career workload were risk factors. For joint injuries, high previous season and career workload were risk factors. There was little relationship between muscle injury and workload although high previous season workload was slightly protective. The level of injury risk for some tissue types varies in response to preceding fast bowling workload, with tendon injuries most affected by workload patterns. Workload planning may need to be individualised, depending on individual susceptibility to various injury types. This study supports the theory that tendons are at lowest risk with consistent workloads and susceptible to injury with sudden upgrades in workload. Gradual upgrades are recommended, particularly at the start of a bowler's career to reduce the risk of bone stress injury. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  7. "Hot hand" on strike: bowling data indicates correlation to recent past results, not causality.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gur Yaari

    Full Text Available Recently, the "hot hand" phenomenon regained interest due to the availability and accessibility of large scale data sets from the world of sports. In support of common wisdom and in contrast to the original conclusions of the seminal paper about this phenomenon by Gilovich, Vallone and Tversky in 1985, solid evidences were supplied in favor of the existence of this phenomenon in different kinds of data. This came after almost three decades of ongoing debates whether the "hot hand" phenomenon in sport is real or just a mis-perception of human subjects of completely random patterns present in reality. However, although this phenomenon was shown to exist in different sports data including basketball free throws and bowling strike rates, a somehow deeper question remained unanswered: are these non random patterns results of causal, short term, feedback mechanisms or simply time fluctuations of athletes performance. In this paper, we analyze large amounts of data from the Professional Bowling Association(PBA. We studied the results of the top 100 players in terms of the number of available records (summed into more than 450,000 frames. By using permutation approach and dividing the analysis into different aggregation levels we were able to supply evidence for the existence of the "hot hand" phenomenon in the data, in agreement with previous studies. Moreover, by using this approach, we were able to demonstrate that there are, indeed, significant fluctuations from game to game for the same player but there is no clustering of successes (strikes and failures (non strikes within each game. Thus we were lead to the conclusion that bowling results show correlation to recent past results but they are not influenced by them in a causal manner.

  8. 'RESTING TOUCHER': A TIME AND MOTION ANALYSIS OF ELITE LAWN BOWLS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aaron J. Silk

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Whilst numerous investigations have explored the physical demands placed upon competitive sportspeople from a wide array of sports little is known about the physical demands placed on lawn bowlers. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the movement activities of Australian representative singles and pairs players and to determine the frequency and duration of these activities. One match each of two male and two female players (one singles and one pairs player per gender were videotaped during an international tournament. During playback of the videotaped matches (n = 4, a single observer coded the players' activities into five distinct categories (waiting, walking forward, walking backward, jogging and bowling using a computerised video editing system (Gamebreaker™ Digital Video Analysis System. Field calibration of players over 30m for forward motions and 15m for the backward motion was performed to allow for the estimation of total distance covered during the match. Heart rate was monitored during each match. The duration of a match was found to be (mean ± SD 1hr 28 ± 15mins. The total distance covered during each match was 2093 ± 276m. The mean percentage of match time spent in each motion was: waiting, 61.8 ± 9.3%; walking forward, 22.3 ± 5.6%; walking backward, 2.0 ± 0.4%; jogging, 1.1 ± 0.5%; and bowling, 8.5 ± 4.2%. Average heart rate was found to be 57 ± 7% of age-predicted HRmax with a maximum of 78 ± 9% of age-predicted HRmax. The results of this study suggest that playing lawn bowls at an international level requires light-moderate intensity activity similar to that reported for golf.

  9. ALSTOM Schusselmuhle fur die feinvermahlung von anhydrit ALSTOM bowl mill for anhydrite fine grinding

    CERN Document Server

    Angleys, M

    2003-01-01

    After the ALSTOM bowl mill had proved a success during numerous laboratory tests using different industrial minerals, for the first time a mill, type SM 20/12 was commissioned for ATLAS s.c. at Lodz /Poland for anhydrite grinding. Based on corresponding laboratory tests with anhydrite, it was possible to adapt the equipment to the requirements of the material with modified properties. Due to the project preparation together with the customer, the mill could be installed and commissioned according to schedule by a joint team of engineers for erection and commissioning.

  10. The Gen-Ethics Bowl – an In-Class Activity Combining Genetics and Bioethics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janet A. De Souza-Hart

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Undergraduate science professors are capable of teaching the scientific principles behind new genetic technologies. However, they are not often readied to explore the ethical and social implications. We created an ethics bowl that brings together students in genetic and healthcare ethics courses to analyze ethical issues in genetics. It is an engaging, challenging, and rewarding experience that provides students with the tools to identify ethical elements in science. This proves to be a wonderful first step in training morally sensitive scientists.

  11. The influence of elbow joint kinematics on wrist speed in cricket fast bowling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Middleton, Kane Jytte; Alderson, Jacqueline Anne; Elliott, Bruce Clifford; Mills, Peter Michael

    2015-01-01

    This modelling study sought to describe the relationships between elbow joint kinematics and wrist joint linear velocity in cricket fast bowlers, and to assess the sensitivity of wrist velocity to systematic manipulations of empirical joint kinematic profiles. A 12-camera Vicon motion analysis system operating at 250 Hz recorded the bowling actions of 12 high performance fast bowlers. Empirical elbow joint kinematic data were entered into a cricket bowling specific "Forward Kinematic Model" and then subsequently underwent fixed angle, angular offset and angle amplification manipulations. A combination of 20° flexion and 20° abduction at the elbow was shown to maximise wrist velocity within the experimental limits. An increased elbow flexion offset manipulation elicited an increase in wrist velocity. Amplification of elbow joint flexion-extension angular displacement indicated that, contrary to previous research, elbow extension range of motion and angular velocity at the time of ball release were negatively related to wrist velocity. Some relationships between manipulated joint angular waveforms and wrist velocity were non-linear, supporting the use of a model that accounts for the non-linear relationships between execution and outcome variables in assessing the relationships between elbow joint kinematics and wrist joint velocity in cricket fast bowlers.

  12. Hook Students with the Super Bowl and a Protein Modeling Activity to Teach Genetic Concepts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ann H. Williams

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Teaching Biology concepts such as molecular genetics and inheritance patterns to students in K-12 and college is challenging.  The created Super Bowl Activity uses kinesthetic and visual models and a "hook" to engage students in the material.  Through guided inquiry and modeling, this lesson reviews concepts of DNA, mutations, genotype/phenotype, transcription, translation, homozygous/heterozygous, and inheritance patterns while entertaining the students with a story of a football player with sickle cell trait who couldn’t play in the Super Bowl.  The students create a mutated and normal folded hemoglobin protein model based on amino acid chemical character and use them to simulate Mendelian genetics, inheritance patters, and heterozygous advantage.  This lesson can be used by teachers and professors teaching middle/high school Biology courses as well as Undergraduate Introductory and non-major Biology courses.  This teaching model was created to address content areas where students perform poorly on standardized Biology exams and was presented at a series of professional development workshops for secondary and undergraduate Biology teachers.  One Biology instructor utilized it successfully in her Biology course as a review for end of course exams and felt the students were very engaged in the activity and material.

  13. Isolation and characterization of an early colonizing Rhizobium sp. R8 from a household toilet bowl.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukano, Toru; Gomi, Mitsuhiro; Osaki, Yukihiko; Morikawa, Masaaki

    2015-01-01

    The bacterial community structure was compared between the third days', one week', and three weeks' biofilm samples from the surface of a household toilet bowl. It was found that the PCR-DGGE band pattern of 16S rRNA gene was dramatically changed after the third day and was not further changed until three weeks. This result suggests that there are early and late colonizing bacterial groups. One of the early colonizers isolated from the third days' sample was Rhizobium sp. R8, a closest relative to Rhizobium giardinii, which exhibited the highest biofilm formation activity in an artificial urine condition. R8 produced extracellular polysaccharides containing galactose, glucose, and mannose at the molar ratio of 8:1:1, which were probably responsible for the biofilm formation. Its excelled biofilm formation and urease activities together with the lack of nodulation and nitrogen fixing genes in R8 suggest that this strain has been specifically adapted to urine condition in a toilet bowl.

  14. Causes of the Extraordinary Summer Heat during the 1930s US Dust Bowl

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donat, Markus G.; King, Andrew D.; Overpeck, Jonathan T.; Alexander, Lisa V.; Durre, Imke; Karoly, David

    2014-05-01

    The climate over much of the US during the 1930s was characterized by extremely hot and dry conditions, often referred to as the "Dust Bowl". Based on novel observational datasets of climate extremes and century-long reanalysis data, we show that this exceptional summer heat was unrivaled in the 110-year record. Modeling studies have shown that forcing with observed sea surface temperatures may generate drought conditions over North America, and thus may at least partly explain the Dust Bowl. However, it remains to be answered which mechanisms actually led to the particularly hot conditions. In agreement with previous studies, we show that summer heat often follows a spring drought. In addition, we show that spring precipitation deficits over the central US are strongly related to atmospheric flow anomalies which suppress the moisture transport from the Gulf of Mexico into the continent. These atmospheric flow anomalies are caused by shifts in the dominating pressure patterns, in particular a northward extension of the Atlantic Subtropical High, related to warm anomalies in the North Atlantic. This suggests there is potential for predictability of summer droughts and heat waves from the combination of both spring-time ocean surface temperatures and atmospheric flow.

  15. Online Responses to a Multilingual Super Bowl Ad: Is "America the Beautiful" by Any Other Language Still America, the Beautiful?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Brooke Y.

    2016-01-01

    On 2 February 2014, an advertisement entitled "It's Beautiful" debuted during Super Bowl XLVIII, which was watched by 111.5 million people in the USA. The Coca-Cola advertisement portrayed people of various ethnicities and was accompanied by "America the Beautiful" sung in nine languages. Using critical discourse analysis, I…

  16. Survival of Salmonella Copenhagen in food bowls following contamination with experimentally inoculated raw meat: Effects of time, cleaning, and disinfection

    OpenAIRE

    Weese, J Scott; Rousseau, J.

    2006-01-01

    There are concerns regarding the safety of feeding raw meat to household pets. This study demonstrated that Salmonella persists in food bowls that are inoculated with Salmonella-containing raw meat. Standard methods of cleaning and disinfection were minimally effective at eliminating Salmonella contamination.

  17. Bowling apart?’ : Vier vragen over Nederlandse sportclubs en omgang tussen arm en rijk

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meulen, Ruud van der; Ruiter, Stijn; Ultee, Wout

    2005-01-01

    Bowling apart?’ Four questions on poor-rich contact in Dutch sports clubs This article tests Bourdieu’s and Putnam’s competing views on sports clubs as class mixers, using crosssectional Dutch survey data for the early 1980s and late 1990s. We calculate popularity and representativity indices.

  18. Emptying the Bowl: An Investigation of Probability and Mathematics Using CAS as an Inquiry-Based Counting Tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Michael T.

    2004-01-01

    This article advances a view of Computer Algebra Systems (CAS) as powerful inquiry-based learning tools. Through an in-depth exploration of the "Emptying the Bowl" activity, upper level mathematics students test their own mathematical hypotheses, thoughtfully analyse and manipulate computer-generated output, and answer questions…

  19. Three-dimensional æolian dynamics within a bowl blowout during offshore winds: Greenwich Dunes, Prince Edward Island, Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hesp, Patrick A.; Walker, Ian J.

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines the æolian dynamics of a deep bowl blowout within the foredune of the Greenwich Dunes, on the northeastern shore or Prince Edward Island, Canada. Masts of cup anemometers and sonic anemometers were utilized to measure flow velocities and directions during a strong regional ESE (offshore) wind event. The flow across the blowout immediately separated at the upwind rim crest, and within the blowout was strongly reversed. High, negative vertical flows occurred down the downwind (but seaward) vertical scarp which projected into the separation envelope and topographically forced flow back into the blowout. A pronounced, accelerated jet flow existed near the surface across the blowout basin, and the flow exhibited a complex, anti-clockwise structure with the near-surface flow following the contours around the blowout basin and lower slopes. Significant æolian sediment transport occurred across the whole bowl basin and sediment was delivered by saltation and suspension out the blowout to the east. This study demonstrates that strong offshore winds produce pronounced topographically forced flow steering, separation, reversal, and more complex three-dimensional motions within a bowl blowout, and that such winds within a bowl blowout play a notable role in transporting sediment within and beyond deep topographic hollows in the foredune.

  20. A PALMAR FRACTURE-DISLOCATION OF THE PROXIMAL INTERPHALANGEAL JOINT OF THE MIDDLE FINGER CAUSED BY BOWLING: A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masahiro Kurosaka

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available During bowling, a twenty year old man could not pull out his middle finger from the ball in release and injured his finger. X-ray revealed a palmar fracture- dislocation of the PIP joint. We manipulated the PIP joint, but a gap remained at the fracture site on the X-ray after reduction. Surgical treatment was performed with a screw. Postoperatively, the middle finger was fixed with a splint for two weeks, and then active range of motion exercises were started. One year after the operation, the fracture had healed with a congruous joint surface, and the patient had full range of motion in the middle finger with no difficulties in activities of daily living. The etiology of a palmar fracture-dislocation of the PIP joint is still controversial, but we suggested the mechanism of the fracture-dislocation was caused by a shearing force to the middle phalangeal base from a dorsal direction. The main cause of the current injury was the poor fit between the middle finger and the hole of the bowling ball. Bowling is a popular and safe sport, but we should be aware of unexpected hand injuries related to bowling which may occur, especially in players at a recreational level

  1. Structure and dynamics in a virgin northern hardwood-spruce-fir forest--the Bowl, New Hampshire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanley R. Gemborys

    1996-01-01

    A phytosociological study was conducted in a virgin northern hardwood- spruce-fir forest in the Bowl in the White Mountains of New Hampshire. There is no evidence of fire or human disturbance but hurricane winds were significant in the past. Bray and Curtis ordination was used to develop an XY vegetational mosaic. Differentiating species were Picea rubens and Acer...

  2. On Tea Bowl from Jianzhan to Tenmoku: Material Culture and Intangible Culture in Cultural Diffusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianping Guan

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available According to precise and scientific literature that recorded, Chinese tea culture has a documented history of more than 1700 years. During which period, Yuan Dynasty was considered a crucial turning-point with great changes. The current tea culture in China is an adoption and innovation of Ming and Qing dynasty, especially in the form of processing technology. For those elements inherited from Tang and Song dynasties, however, they were more directly adopted systematically by Japan. Ever since powdered tea culture from Song dynasty was accepted in Japan, Jianzhan, the tea bowl that gained renowned reputation in the Song tea culture was also introduced and became tenmoku (tianmu after localization. As the transformation of Chinese tea culture ended in Japan, Japanese tea culture of wabi-cha was shaped after the tenmoku’s obvious decline in value. Jianzhan’s prosper, and tenmoku’s emergence and transition, all proved a definitive impact from intangible culture.

  3. Effects of Singing Bowl Sound Meditation on Mood, Tension, and Well-being: An Observational Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldsby, Tamara L; Goldsby, Michael E; McWalters, Mary; Mills, Paul J

    2016-09-30

    Poor mood and elevated anxiety are linked to increased incidence of disease. This study examined the effects of sound meditation, specifically Tibetan singing bowl meditation, on mood, anxiety, pain, and spiritual well-being. Sixty-two women and men (mean age 49.7 years) participated. As compared with pre-meditation, following the sound meditation participants reported significantly less tension, anger, fatigue, and depressed mood (all Ps meditation experienced a significantly greater reduction in tension compared with participants experienced in this meditation (P meditation may be a feasible low-cost low technology intervention for reducing feelings of tension, anxiety, and depression, and increasing spiritual well-being. This meditation type may be especially useful in decreasing tension in individuals who have not previously practiced this form of meditation. © The Author(s) 2016.

  4. Overlapping Ballistic Ejecta Fields: Separating Distinct Blasts at Kings Bowl, Idaho

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borg, C.; Kobs-Nawotniak, S. E.; Hughes, S. S.; Sears, D. W. G.; Heldmann, J. L.; Lim, D. S. S.; Haberle, C. W.; Sears, H.; Elphic, R. C.; Kobayashi, L.; Garry, W. B.; Neish, C.; Karunatillake, S.; Button, N.; Purcell, S.; Mallonee, H.; Ostler, B.

    2015-12-01

    Kings Bowl is a ~2200ka pit crater created by a phreatic blast along a volcanic fissure in the eastern Snake River Plain (ESRP), Idaho. The main crater measures approximately 80m in length, 30m in width, and 30m in depth, with smaller pits located nearby on the Great Rift fissure, and has been targeted by the FINESSE team as a possible analogue for Cyane Fossae, Mars. The phreatic eruption is believed to have occurred due to the interaction of groundwater with lava draining back into the fissure following a lava lake high stand, erupting already solidified basalt from this and previous ERSP lava flows. The contemporaneous draw back of the lava with the explosions may conceal some smaller possible blast pits as more lava drained into the newly formed pits. Ballistic ejecta from the blasts occur on both sides of the fissure. To the east, the ballistic blocks are mantled by fine tephra mixed with eolian dust, the result of a westerly wind during the explosions. We use differential GPS to map the distribution of ballistic blocks on the west side of the fissure, recording position, percent vesiculation, and the length of 3 mutually perpendicular axes for each block >20cm along multiple transects parallel to the fissure. From the several hundred blocks recorded, we have been able to separate the ballistic field into several distinct blast deposits on the basis of size distributions and block concentration. The smaller pits identified from the ballistic fields correspond broadly to the northern and southern limits of the tephra/dust field east of the fissure. Soil formation and bioturbation of the tephra by sagebrush have obliterated any tephrostratigraphy that could have been linked to individual blasts. The ballistic block patterns at Kings Bowl may be used to identify distinct ejecta groups in high-resolution imagery of Mars or other planetary bodies.

  5. Alcohol and violence in 2017 National Football League Super Bowl commercials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah A. MacLean

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: The National Football League (NFL Super Bowl is a widely-viewed sports event and the commercials are especially popular among viewers. Previous research has demonstrated risky health behaviors in advertisements aired during sporting events. The purpose of this study was to analyze the content of the advertisements aired during the 2017 NFL Super Bowl. Methods: This cross-sectional study involved examining the content of all commercials, with an emphasis on health-compromising behaviors. The themes and highlights of the advertisements were analyzed based on whether there was a reference to alcohol or violence. Results: A total of 103 unique commercials were analyzed. The most common themes were humor (n=43, happiness (n=25, innovation (n=25, and enjoyment or relaxation (n=25.Alcohol was referenced in 13 (12.6%, 95% CI 7.5%, 20.4% of the commercials. Advertisements with alcohol references were more likely to contain the themes of partying (odds ratio [OR]:16.2, 95% CI 1.4-193.4, P=0.041 and enjoyment or relaxation (OR: 4.7, 95% CI 1.4-15.6,P=0.014. There were 24 commercials with references to violence and these were more likely tobe promoting a movie (OR: 5.4, 95% CI 3.5-8.2, P<0.001 or television program (OR: 8.9,95% CI 2.6-30.26, P<0.001. Conclusion: Parents should consider whether it is appropriate for their children to watch a concentrated number of intense images containing references to alcohol and violence during this popular sporting event.

  6. Alcohol and violence in 2017 National Football League Super Bowl commercials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacLean, Sarah A; Basch, Corey H; Garcia, Philip

    2017-01-01

    Background: The National Football League (NFL) Super Bowl is a widely-viewed sports event and the commercials are especially popular among viewers. Previous research has demonstrated risky health behaviors in advertisements aired during sporting events. The purpose of this study was to analyze the content of the advertisements aired during the 2017 NFL Super Bowl. Methods: This cross-sectional study involved examining the content of all commercials, with an emphasis on health-compromising behaviors. The themes and highlights of the advertisements were analyzed based on whether there was a reference to alcohol or violence. Results: A total of 103 unique commercials were analyzed. The most common themes were humor (n=43), happiness (n=25), innovation (n=25), and enjoyment or relaxation (n=25).Alcohol was referenced in 13 (12.6%, 95% CI 7.5%, 20.4%) of the commercials. Advertisements with alcohol references were more likely to contain the themes of partying (odds ratio [OR]:16.2, 95% CI 1.4-193.4, P=0.041) and enjoyment or relaxation (OR: 4.7, 95% CI 1.4-15.6,P=0.014). There were 24 commercials with references to violence and these were more likely tobe promoting a movie (OR: 5.4, 95% CI 3.5-8.2, Ptelevision program (OR: 8.9,95% CI 2.6-30.26, P<0.001). Conclusion: Parents should consider whether it is appropriate for their children to watch a concentrated number of intense images containing references to alcohol and violence during this popular sporting event.

  7. Staffing Levels at National Collegiate Athletic Association Football Bowl Subdivision-Level Institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ms, Suzie Aparicio; Welch Bacon, Cailee E; Parsons, John T; Bay, R Curtis; Cohen, Randy P; DeZeeuw, Terry; McLeod, Tamara C Valovich

    2015-12-01

    The "Appropriate Medical Coverage for Intercollegiate Athletics" (AMCIA) document was created to support assessment and calculation of athletic training personnel requirements. However, little is known regarding disparities between current and recommended staffing practices. To identify the staffing and employment characteristics of athletic health care services at Football Bowl Subdivision-level institutions. Cross-sectional study. Web-based survey. Head athletic trainers and athletic training staff members who were knowledgeable about budget and staff. The survey, Assessment of Staffing Levels at National Collegiate Athletic Association Football Bowl Subdivision-Level Institutions, was used to evaluate personal, university, and staff demographics; staffing and employment topics; and AMCIA variables and use. The survey was accessed and partially completed by 104 individuals (response rate = 84.6%). A total of 79 athletic trainers (response rate = 76%) completed the entire survey. One-third of the respondents (34.2%, n = 26) met the recommended number of full-time equivalents (FTEs) for football, two-thirds of the respondents (65.7%, n = 50) failed to meet the recommendation, and 26.2% (n = 27) were missing data needed for FTE calculation. Among those who did not meet the recommended FTEs (n = 50), 38.0% (n = 19) were within 1 FTE of being compliant, 26.0% (n = 13) were within 2 FTEs, and 24.0% (n = 12) were within 3 FTEs. About one-third of respondents (35.9%, n = 37) reported not using the AMCIA, citing lack of funding (29.7%, n = 11), lack of administrative support (21.6%, n = 8), and other reasons (37.8%, n = 14). The majority of institutions that used the AMCIA were able to provide justification for staffing. For most of the institutions that failed to meet their recommendation, adding 1-3 FTE athletic trainers for football would change their compliance status. A uniform definition of the term FTE within collegiate athletics is needed to allow for structured

  8. Staffing Levels at National Collegiate Athletic Association Football Bowl Subdivision-Level Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    MS, Suzie Aparicio; Welch Bacon, Cailee E.; Parsons, John T.; Bay, R. Curtis; Cohen, Randy P.; DeZeeuw, Terry; McLeod, Tamara C. Valovich

    2015-01-01

    Context The “Appropriate Medical Coverage for Intercollegiate Athletics” (AMCIA) document was created to support assessment and calculation of athletic training personnel requirements. However, little is known regarding disparities between current and recommended staffing practices. Objective To identify the staffing and employment characteristics of athletic health care services at Football Bowl Subdivision-level institutions. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting Web-based survey. Patients or Other Participants Head athletic trainers and athletic training staff members who were knowledgeable about budget and staff. Main Outcome Measure(s) The survey, Assessment of Staffing Levels at National Collegiate Athletic Association Football Bowl Subdivision-Level Institutions, was used to evaluate personal, university, and staff demographics; staffing and employment topics; and AMCIA variables and use. Results The survey was accessed and partially completed by 104 individuals (response rate = 84.6%). A total of 79 athletic trainers (response rate = 76%) completed the entire survey. One-third of the respondents (34.2%, n = 26) met the recommended number of full-time equivalents (FTEs) for football, two-thirds of the respondents (65.7%, n = 50) failed to meet the recommendation, and 26.2% (n = 27) were missing data needed for FTE calculation. Among those who did not meet the recommended FTEs (n = 50), 38.0% (n = 19) were within 1 FTE of being compliant, 26.0% (n = 13) were within 2 FTEs, and 24.0% (n = 12) were within 3 FTEs. About one-third of respondents (35.9%, n = 37) reported not using the AMCIA, citing lack of funding (29.7%, n = 11), lack of administrative support (21.6%, n = 8), and other reasons (37.8%, n = 14). Conclusions The majority of institutions that used the AMCIA were able to provide justification for staffing. For most of the institutions that failed to meet their recommendation, adding 1–3 FTE athletic trainers for football would change their

  9. Biofilm-forming activity of bacteria isolated from toilet bowl biofilms and the bactericidal activity of disinfectants against the isolates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mori, Miho; Gomi, Mitsuhiro; Matsumune, Norihiko; Niizeki, Kazuma; Sakagami, Yoshikazu

    2013-01-01

    To evaluate the sanitary conditions of toilets, the bacterial counts of the toilet bowl biofilms in 5 Kansai area and 11 Kansai and Kanto area homes in Japan were measured in winter and summer seasons, respectively. Isolates (128 strains) were identified by analyzing 16S ribosomal RNA sequences. The number of colonies and bacterial species from biofilms sampled in winter tended to be higher and lower, respectively, than those in summer. Moreover, the composition of bacterial communities in summer and winter samples differed considerably. In summer samples, biofilms in Kansai and Kanto areas were dominated by Blastomonas sp. and Mycobacterium sp., respectively. Methylobacterium sp. was detected in all toilet bowl biofilms except for one sample. Methylobacterium sp. constituted the major presence in biofilms along with Brevundimonas sp., Sphingomonas sp., and/or Pseudomonas sp. The composition ratio of the sum of their genera was 88.0 from 42.9% of the total bacterial flora. The biofilm formation abilities of 128 isolates were investigated, and results suggested that Methylobacterium sp. and Sphingomonas sp. were involved in biofilm formation in toilet bowls. The biofilm formation of a mixed bacteria system that included bacteria with the highest biofilm-forming ability in a winter sample was greater than mixture without such bacteria. This result suggests that isolates possessing a high biofilm-forming activity are involved in the biofilm formation in the actual toilet bowl. A bactericidal test against 25 strains indicated that the bactericidal activities of didecyldimethylammonium chloride (DDAC) tended to be higher than those of polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB) and N-benzyl-N,N-dimethyldodecylammonium chloride (ADBAC). In particular, DDAC showed high bactericidal activity against approximately 90% of tested strains under the 5 h treatment.

  10. Characterization of microorganisms isolated from the black dirt of toilet bowls and componential analysis of the black dirt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mori, Miho; Nagata, Yusuke; Niizeki, Kazuma; Gomi, Mitsuhiro; Sakagami, Yoshikazu

    2014-01-01

    We have previously conducted a microflora analysis and examined the biofilm-forming activity of bacteria isolated from toilet bowl biofilms. In the present investigation, to reveal the strain involved in the formation of black dirt in toilet bowls, we performed a microflora analysis of the bacteria and fungi isolated from the black dirt of toilet bowls at ten homes. Among samples from different isolation sites and sampling seasons, although a similar tendency was not seen in bacterial microflora, Exophiala sp. was detected in the fungal microflora from all samples of black dirt except for one, and constituted the major presence. By scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis of the formed black dirt, SEM image at × 1,000 and × 5,000 magnification showed objects like hyphae and many bacteria adhering to them, respectively. Micro fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (micro FT-IR) and SEM with X-ray microanalysis (SEM-XMA) were used to investigate the components of black dirt. IR spectra of micro-FT-IR showed typical absorptions associated with amide compounds and protein, and the elements such as C, N, O, Na, Mg, Al, Si, P, S, K, and Ba were detected with SEM-XMA. These results showed that black dirt had living body ingredients. Furthermore, Exophiala sp. and Cladosporium sp. strains, which were observed at a high frequency, accumulated 2-hydroxyjuglone (2-HJ) and flaviolin as one of the intermediates in the melanin biosynthetic pathway by the addition of a melanin synthesis inhibitor (tricyclazole) at the time of cultivation. These results suggested strongly that the pigment of black dirt in toilet bowls was melanin produced by Exophiala sp. and Cladosporium sp. strains.

  11. Family fun or cultural free-for-all? A critique of the 2015 National Football League Super Bowl commercials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basch, Corey H; Kernan, William D; Reeves, Rachel

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to enumerate and describe violent and risky behaviors as well as other general health behaviors exhibited in the advertisements during the National Football League (NFL) Super Bowl 2015. Commercials during the NFL Super Bowl 2015 were assessed for violent and risky behaviors. Additional health behaviors were indicated such as the advertisement of unhealthy food, promotion of physical activity, and sexual content. A total of 110 commercials were documented, accounting for 64 minutes of broadcast time. Commercials promoting automobiles, television shows, food, and movies were the most prevalent, representing just over half (53.7%) of all of the advertisements featured. Depictions of unsafe driving were found in 10.9% (n = 12) of the commercials. All 12 commercials contained some sort of risky or wild driving behavior, and speeding was observed in 11 of the 12 commercials. A total of 32 (29.1%) of the commercials were coded as including violent content.Physical activity behavior was present in 3 (2.7%) of the commercials. Conversely, substance use was observed in 3 (2.7%) of the commercials, none of which included health promotion messaging. Of the 110 commercials aired during the 2015 Super Bowl, 12.7% (n = 14) included sexual content. Parents should consider the possibility that their children may observe acts of violence or conflicting safety messages during commercial breaks.

  12. Tuning the Structural Color of a 2D Photonic Crystal Using a Bowl-like Nanostructure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umh, Ha Nee; Yu, Sungju; Kim, Yong Hwa; Lee, Su Young; Yi, Jongheop

    2016-06-22

    Structural colors of the ordered photonic nanostructures are widely used as an effective platform for manipulating the propagation of light. Although several approaches have been explored in attempts to mimic the structural colors, improving the reproducibility, mechanical stability, and the economic feasibility of sophisticated photonic crystals prepared by complicated processes continues to pose a challenge. In this study, we report on an alternative, simple method for fabricating a tunable photonic crystal at room temperature. A bowl-like nanostructure of TiO2 was periodically arranged on a thin Ti sheet through a two-step anodization process where its diameters were systemically controlled by changing the applied voltage. Consequently, they displayed a broad color distribution, ranging from red to indigo, and the principal reason for color generation followed the Bragg diffraction theory. This noncolorant method was capable of reproducing a Mondrian painting on a centimeter scale without the need to employ complex architectures, where the generated structural colors were highly stable under mechanical or chemical influence. Such a color printing technique represents a potentially promising platform for practical applications for anticounterfeit trademarks, wearable sensors, and displays.

  13. Review Essay: A Nation, a World, in a Bowl of Tea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dana Buntrock

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Fujimori Terunobu. 藤森照信. Fujimori Terunobu no Chashitsugaku: Nihon no Kyokushō Kūkan no Nazo [Fujimori Terunobu’s tearoom studies: The riddle of Japan’s smallest space]. 藤森照信の茶室学。日本の極小空間の謎. Tokyo: Rikuyosha, 2012. 296 pp. ¥3,000 (cloth.Surak, Kristin. Making Tea, Making Japan: Cultural Nationalism in Practice. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2012. 272 pp. $85 (cloth, $25 (paper/ebook.The tea in Surak’s bowl is bright green matcha whipped with a whisk; Fujimori’s is steeped sencha heated over a tiny bed of coals. Fujimori’s funky tea seems to be the antithesis of the refined practices Surak strives to embody. Only occasionally does a communicant in Fujimori’s tea space wear a kimono, and there is no reason to worry about treading on the silk borders of a tatami, because his floors are usually finished in other, more modest, materials. Fujimori’s tea is one that can accept outside influences; Surak’s sits complacently at the center of an industry built on centuries of history. Surak shares the conventions of tea; Fujimori celebrates its unconventional fringes.

  14. Dust Bowl migration as an analog for possible global warming-induced migration from Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Turner, M.H.; Longstreth, J.D.; Johnson, A.K.; Rosenberg, N.J.

    1994-06-01

    As a result of increases in CO{sub 2} and other radiatively important trace gases, scientists have predicted increases in mean worldwide temperatures of 2--5 degrees C over the next 50 to 100 years. Such temperature increases may result in climate modifications that would in turn be associated with increases in drought and desertification and could even change the patterns of the monsoons and tropical rains, which are important to agriculture throughout the world. They predicted that the rise in sea level caused by melting and thermal expansion of glaciers and polar icecaps could flood large population centers, destroying habitation and displacing populations. This will result in approximately 50 million ``environmental refugees`` worldwide, triple the number of today. The expected shifts in precipitation are also likely to result in (1) increased runoff contaminated with pesticides, salts, garbage, sewage, and eroded soil, and (2) drought also leading to increased soil erosion and salinization, as well as depletion of limited water resources. The total impact of global warming on agriculture and human habitation could considerably slow the economic development of some nations and would particularly affect agricultural production. Loss of homes, the inability to raise food, an increased prevalence of disease and worsened economic conditions may drive people to leave their homelands, seeking entry into countries which have more resources and greater resistance to the economic consequences of climatic change. This report looks at the possible environmental impacts and economic impacts of the greenhouse effect on Mexico while using the American Dust Bowl event as an analog.

  15. Outreach for Families and Girls- Astronomy at Outdoor Concerts and at Super Bowl or Halloween Star Parties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubowich, Donald A.

    2011-05-01

    Bring telescope to where the people are! Music and Astronomy Under the Stars (MAUS) is a NASA-funded as astronomy outreach program at community parks and music festivals (1000 - 25,000 people/event). While there have been many astronomy outreach activities and telescope observations at sidewalks and parks, this program targets a different audience - music lovers who are attending concerts in community parks or festivals. These music lovers who may not have visited science museums, planetariums, or star parties are exposed to telescope observations and astronomy information with no additional travel costs. MAUS includes solar observing, telescope observations including a live imaging system, an astronomical video, astronomy banners/posters, and hands-on activities. MAUS increased awareness, engagement, and interest in astronomy at classical, pop, rock, and ethnic music concerts. Since 2009 over 50,000 people have participated in these outreach activities including a significant number of families and young girls. In addition to concerts in local Long Island parks, there were MUAS events at Tanglewood (summer home of the Boston Symphony Orchestra), Jazz in Central Park, and Astronomy Night on the National Mall (co-sponsored by the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy). In 2011 MUAS will be expanded to include Ravinia (summer home of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra), the Newport Folk Festival, and the Bethel Woods Center for the Arts (site of the 1969 Woodstock festival). According to our survey results, music lovers became more informed about astronomy. Expanding Hofstra University's successful outreach programs, I propose the creation of a National Halloween Stars event targeting children and a National Super Bowl Star Party targeting girls, women, and the 2/3 of Americans who do not watch the Super Bowl. This can be combined with astronomers or amateur astronomers bringing telescopes to Super Bowl parties for football fans to stargaze during

  16. Early Western Lay Buddhists in Colonial Asia: John Bowles Daly and the Buddhist Theosophical Society of Ceylon

    OpenAIRE

    Cox, Laurence; Sirisena, Mihirini

    2016-01-01

    The first westerners recorded as becoming lay Buddhists on Asian terms were members of the Buddhist Theosophical Society in Ceylon who took pansil (refuges and precepts) between 1880 to 1907 or later, tied to their work with the BTS’ modernising Buddhist schools. This article uses the life of Dr John Bowles Daly as a lens to explore these “conversions” and the BTS’ educational turn. Daly (c. 1844 – c. 1916), an Irish writer and ex-Anglican curate, played an important role in Buddhist schoolin...

  17. Three years of morphologic changes at a bowl blowout, Cape Cod, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Alex; Gares, Paul A.; Wasklewicz, Thad; Hesp, Patrick A.; Walker, Ian J.

    2017-10-01

    This study presents measurements of blowout topography obtained with annual terrestrial laser surveys carried out over a three-year period at a single, large bowl blowout located in the Provincelands Dunes section of Cape Cod National Seashore, in Massachusetts. The study blowout was selected because its axis is aligned with northwest winds that dominate the region, and because it was seemingly interacting with a smaller saucer blowout that had recently formed on the southern rim of the primary feature. Assuming that blowouts enlarge both horizontally and vertically in response to the wind regime, the objectives of the study were to determine both the amount of horizontal growth that the blowout experiences annually and the spatial patterns of vertical change that occur within the blowout. Changes to the blowout lobe surrounding the feature were also determined for areas with sparse enough vegetation cover to allow laser returns from the sand surface. The results show that the blowout consistently expanded outward during the three years, with the greatest expansion occurring at its southeast corner, opposite the prevailing winds. The most significant occurrence was the removal, in the first year, of the ridge that separated the two blowouts, resulting in a major horizontal shift of the southern rim of the new combined blowout. This displacement then continued at a lesser rate in subsequent years. The rim also shifted horizontally along the northwest to northeast sections of the blowout. Significant vertical loss occurred along the main axis of the blowout with the greatest loss concentrated along the southeast rim. On the lobe, there were large areas of deposition immediately downwind of the high erosion zones inside the blowout. However, there were also small erosion areas on the lobe, extending downwind from eroding sections of the rim. This study shows that: 1. blowouts can experience significant areal and volumetric changes in short periods of time; 2

  18. The use of pregame hyperhydration with intravenous fluids in National Collegiate Athletic Association Football Bowl Subdivision teams.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gesik, Nicole Y; Tan, Sabrina K G; Prentiss, Gale T; Fitzsimmons, Sean; Nichols, Andrew W

    2013-11-01

    To determine the frequency of pregame intravenous fluid hyperhydration (PIVFH) usage, administration protocols, indications, complications, and perceived efficacy by National Collegiate Athletic Association Football Bowl Subdivision (NCAA-FBS) teams. Cross-sectional survey study. National Collegiate Athletic Association Football Bowl Subdivision. Head athletic trainers from NCAA-FBS institutions. Voluntary, anonymous 15-item validated online survey instrument. Number of teams reporting use of PIVFH. The survey response rate was 64% (77 of 120). Thirty percent of respondents reported the utilization of PIVFH, administered to an average of 2 to 3 players. The most common reasons cited for using PIVFH were to prevent muscle cramps (95%), heat illness (79%), and dehydration (68%). Additionally, 47% of programs used PIVFH to improve player exercise tolerance and 47% per player request. Twenty-four percent of programs that used PIVFH reported the occurrence of associated complications. Only 15% of respondents believed that PIVFH improved their teams' overall performance. PIVFH is a common practice among NCAA-FBS teams. PIVFH is used most often to prevent muscle cramps, dehydration, and heat illness. The relatively few numbers of players per team who receive PIVFH suggest that higher risk individuals were targeted for administration.

  19. Codification of scan path parameters and development of perimeter scan strategies for 3D bowl-shaped laser forming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tavakoli, A.; Naeini, H. Moslemi; Roohi, Amir H.; Gollo, M. Hoseinpour; Shahabad, Sh. Imani

    2018-01-01

    In the 3D laser forming process, developing an appropriate laser scan pattern for producing specimens with high quality and uniformity is critical. This study presents certain principles for developing scan paths. Seven scan path parameters are considered, including: (1) combined linear or curved path; (2) type of combined linear path; (3) order of scan sequences; (4) the position of the start point in each scan; (5) continuous or discontinuous scan path; (6) direction of scan path; and (7) angular arrangement of combined linear scan paths. Regarding these path parameters, ten combined linear scan patterns are presented. Numerical simulations show continuous hexagonal, scan pattern, scanning from outer to inner path, is the optimized. In addition, it is observed the position of the start point and the angular arrangement of scan paths is the most effective path parameters. Also, further experimentations show four sequences due to creat symmetric condition enhance the height of the bowl-shaped products and uniformity. Finally, the optimized hexagonal pattern was compared with the similar circular one. In the hexagonal scan path, distortion value and standard deviation rather to edge height of formed specimen is very low, and the edge height despite of decreasing length of scan path increases significantly compared to the circular scan path. As a result, four-sequence hexagonal scan pattern is proposed as the optimized perimeter scan path to produce bowl-shaped product.

  20. lines and bowl affect the specification of cyst stem cells and niche cells in the Drosophila testis

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiNardo, Stephen; Okegbe, Tishina; Wingert, Lindsey; Freilich, Sarah; Terry, Natalie

    2011-01-01

    To function properly, tissue-specific stem cells must reside in a niche. The Drosophila testis niche is one of few niches studied in vivo. Here, a single niche, comprising ten hub cells, maintains both germline stem cells (GSC) and somatic stem cells (CySC). Here, we show that lines is an essential CySC factor. Surprisingly, lines-depleted CySCs adopted several characteristics of hub cells, including the recruitment of new CySCs. This led us to examine the developmental relationship between CySCs and hub cells. In contrast to a previous report, we did not observe significant conversion of steady-state CySC progeny to hub fate. However, we found that these two cell types derive from a common precursor pool during gonadogenesis. Furthermore, lines mutant embryos exhibited gonads containing excess hub cells, indicating that lines represses hub cell fate during gonadogenesis. In many tissues, lines acts antagonistically to bowl, and we found that this is true for hub specification, establishing bowl as a positively acting factor in the development of the testis niche. PMID:21486923

  1. 76 FR 52733 - Notice of Intent To Rule on Change in Use of Aeronautical Property at Bowling Green-Warren County...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-23

    ... Federal Aviation Administration Notice of Intent To Rule on Change in Use of Aeronautical Property at... airport property ] from aeronautical to non-aeronautical use at the Bowling Green--Warren County Regional.... This action is taken under the provisions of Section 125 of the Wendell H. Ford Aviation Investment...

  2. Small Rice Bowl-Based Meal Plan for Energy and Marcronutrient Intake in Korean Men with Type 2 Diabetes: A Pilot Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hee Jung Ahn

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available BackgroundKoreans eat rice, which is usually served in a rice bowl. We investigated the effect of a meal plan using small rice bowls on the total energy intake (TEI and the marcronutrient intake in Korean men with type 2 diabetes.MethodsA total of 62 men with type 2 diabetes were divided by body mass index (BMI (normal weight [NW], BMI60%. The 3-day dietary records were analyzed for TEI and proportions of macronutrients, before and 2 weeks after a small-sized (300 mL rice bowl based education was given.ResultsThere were no significant differences in the age and BMI within the sub-groups by BMI and PCI groups. In baseline, the ratio of TEI to recommended total energy intake (RTR of OW and OB were higher than that of NW. The PCI of HC was higher than that of LC and alcohol intake of HC was lower than that of LC. After education, the reduction of RTREI in OB was higher than that in OW and NW. The reduction of PCI in HC was higher than that of LC.ConclusionA small rice bowl based meal plan was effective for the reduction of energy intake and control of marcronutrient intake in Korean obese men with type 2 diabetes consuming a high carbohydrate diet.

  3. Phenotypic differentiation between wild and domesticated varieties of Crescentia cujete L. and culturally relevant uses of their fruits as bowls in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguirre-Dugua, Xitlali; Pérez-Negrón, Edgar; Casas, Alejandro

    2013-11-14

    Selection criteria are important for analyzing domestication of perennial plant species, which experience a selection pressure throughout several human generations. We analyze the preferred morphological characteristics of Crescentia cujete fruits, which are used as bowls by the Maya of Yucatan, according to the uses they are given and the phenotypic consequences of artificial selection between one wild and three domesticated varieties. We performed 40 semi-structured interviews in seven communities. We calculated Sutrop's salience index (S) of five classes of ceremonial and daily life uses, and of each item from the two most salient classes. We sampled 238 bowls at homes of people interviewed and compared their shape, volume and thickness with 139 fruits collected in homegardens and 179 from the wild. Morphology of varieties was assessed in fruit (n = 114 trees) and vegetative characters (n = 136 trees). Differences between varieties were evaluated through linear discriminant analysis (LDA). Use of bowls as containers for the Day of the Dead offerings was the most salient class (S = 0.489) with chocolate as its most salient beverage (S = 0.491), followed by consumption of daily beverages (S = 0.423), especially maize-based pozol (S = 0.412). The sacred saka' and balche' are offered in different sized bowls during agricultural and domestic rituals. Roundness was the most relevant character for these uses, as bowls from households showed a strong selection towards round shapes compared with wild and homegarden fruits. Larger fruits from domesticated varieties were also preferred over small wild fruits, although in the household different sizes of the domesticated varieties are useful. LDA separated wild from domesticated trees (p culture.

  4. A bowl-shaped circular trinuclear helicate generated from a TiO4 N2 motif by a multicomponent self-assembly approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mobian, Pierre; Baradel, Nathalie; Kyritsakas, Nathalie; Khalil, Georges; Henry, Marc

    2015-02-02

    The synthesis of a bowl-shaped trinuclear circular titanium-based helicate is reported. The strategy allowing access to this neutral architecture is based on a multicomponent self-assembly approach in which the ligands involved in the process are a bis-biphenol strand and 2,2'- bipyrimidine. By reacting the bis-biphenol ligand and 2,2'-bipyrimidine with an equimolar amount [Ti(OiPr)4 ], a bowl-shaped architecture is obtained through the formation of 18 new coordination bonds. This aggregate built from three octahedral TiO4 N2 nodes displays an unusually high stability in solution compared to related species. In addition, by modifying the stoichiometry of the initial components, two assemblies incorporating two titanium centers bridged by a 2,2'-bipyrimidine ligand are obtained. The crystal structures of these species are reported. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  5. Self-assembly of iron coordination polymer of bowl-shaped N-ligand and dodecamolybdosilicate anion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Qun; Chen, Ya-Guang

    2014-06-01

    [FeII2(ttmb)2(H2O)6][SiMo12O40]·4H2O (1) (ttmb = 1,3,5-tris(triazol-1-ylmethyl) benzene) was synthesized under hydrothermal conditions and characterized by IR spectroscopy, TG analysis and X-ray diffraction method. In 1 the bowl-like tridentate ligand, ttmb, bridges Fe2+ ions forming a coordination polymeric layer, [FeII2(ttmb)2(H2O)6]n4n+, with a large dimensional grid of 7.00 × 7.11 Å, in the presence of Keggin-type polyoxoanion as a template. The coordination polymeric layers and the polyoxoanions are fused into an inorganic-organic hybrid by hydrogen bonds. The photoluminescent spectrum of 1 in solid state at room temperature shows that the coordination of ttmb to Fe2+ ion results in a quench of the ttmb intramolecular fluorescence and a weak O-Mo LMCT fluorescent emission was observed at 520 nm.

  6. Small Rice Bowl-Based Meal Plan versus Food Exchange-Based Meal Plan for Weight, Glucose and Lipid Control in Obese Type 2 Diabetic Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahn, Hee-Jung; Han, Kyung-Ah; Kwon, Hwi-Ryun; Koo, Bo-Kyung; Kim, Hyun-Jin; Park, Kang-Seo; Min, Kyung-Wan

    2010-04-01

    The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys reported 65% of daily energy intake (EI) as carbohydrate (CHO) in the Korean population and main source of CHO was cooked rice. We used a standardized-small sized rice bowl for diet education and investigated its effectiveness on body weight, glucose and lipid, compared to the conventional food exchange system in type 2 diabetes obese women. Type 2 diabetic women with body mass index >/= 23 kg/m(2) were randomly assigned to small rice bowl-based meal plan (BM) and food exchange-based meal plan (ExM) group. Both groups were asked to reduce their EI by 500 kcal/day for 12 weeks. The macronutrient composition was instructed: 55 to 60% of EI as CHO, 15 to 20% as protein, and 20 to 25% as fat. BM group received only a simple instruction for application of the rice bowl. Nutrient intake was estimated with the 3-day dietary records. Finally, 44 subjects finished the study. The percent reduction of body weight was significant both BM group (-5.1 +/- 2.6%) and ExM group (-4.8 +/- 2.8%) after 12 weeks (P < 0.001) but there was no difference between the groups. There was no difference in the proportional change of CHO, protein and fat in EI between the groups. Additionally, the change of HbA1c and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol were not significantly different between the two groups. The BM group was as effective as ExM for body weight and glucose control in type 2 diabetes obese women.

  7. Croquet & lawn bowls

    CERN Multimedia

    Croquet & lawn bowls

    2011-01-01

    Croquet The season is well underway and several events have taken place: the Opening Event on 30th April, a PRO-AM doubles tournament, was won by Danny Davids in May the Swiss team of Ian Sexton, Norman Eatough, Danny Davids and Dave Underhill won the Rheingold Pokal at CERN in resounding fashion, with 33 wins against Germany’s 13 and Austria’s 8. in June the Swiss team of Ian Sexton, Norman Eatough and Dave Underhill competed in the European Team Championship in Cheltenham, England, in May, coming 2nd in the Continental Nations’ Trophy behind Spain and 6th overall on July 2nd, Norman Eatough won the Swiss Golf croquet Handicap championship on July 8th Barbara Perkins won the Women’s Swiss Golf croquet championship, for the third successive year on July 10th, Ian Sexton won the Swiss Golf croquet championship in mid-July, Dave Underhill is competing in the World Golf croquet championship in London. The English Croquet Association team will play the Swiss ...

  8. Transabdominal bowl sonography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilkens, Rune; Strandberg, Charlotte

    2014-01-01

    This focused review describes the current use and future perspectives regarding transabdominal bowel sonography (TABS). The technique for B-mode and Doppler is described and the use of ultrasound contrast and elastography is discussed. Pathology and subsequent imaging findings are focused on appe...... on appendicitis, diverticulitis, inflammatory bowel diseases and within paediatric conditions along with other common intestinal pathology. In conclusion we find that TABS is a fast, efficient, low-cost and non-ionization imaging technique without any patient discomfort....

  9. Slab Leaf Bowls

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suitor, Cheryl

    2012-01-01

    In science class, fourth graders investigate the structure of plants and leaves from trees and how the process of photosynthesis turns sunlight into sugar proteins. In this article, the author fuses art and science for a creative and successful clay slab project in her elementary art classroom. (Contains 1 online resource.)

  10. The Fiesta Bowl Fiasco: Department of Education's Attempt To Ban Minority Scholarships. Eighth Report by the Committee on Government Operations, Together with Dissenting Views, 102d Congress, 1st Session.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

    This is the eighth report by the Committee on Government Operations in the aftermath of the U.S. Department of Education's (DOE's) December 1990 attempt to ban race-specific scholarships, now called the Fiesta Bowl Fiasco. Based on a study by the Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations Subcommittee, this report finds the following: (1)…

  11. [Linguistic concerns and lexical mechanisms in the "Introducción a la Historia Natural, y a la Geografía Fisica de España" by William Bowles].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díez de Revenga Torres, Pilar; Puche Lorenzo, Miguel Angel

    2007-01-01

    Linguistic mechanisms of 18th century scientific language are studied in the first Natural History text originally drafted in Spanish. William Bowles describes linguistic concerns in science over the definition of terms that refer to realities in the three natural kingdoms. Diatopic and diastratic variants and definition procedures are reported, demonstrating the importance of these texts to the History of Science and the History of the Spanish Language.

  12. Exposure to secondhand smoke and excess lung cancer mortality risk among workers in the "5 B's": bars, bowling alleys, billiard halls, betting establishments, and bingo parlours.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegel, M; Skeer, M

    2003-09-01

    To review existing data on exposure to secondhand smoke in bars, bowling alleys, billiard halls, betting establishments, and bingo parlours (the "5 B's") as assessed by ambient nicotine air concentration measurements and to estimate the excess lung cancer mortality risk associated with this exposure. Using the Medline, Toxline, and Toxnet databases, the internet, and bibliographies of relevant articles, we identified studies that reported measurements of ambient nicotine concentrations in the 5 B's. Studies were included if they reported a mean concentration of ambient nicotine measured in at least one of the 5 B's. We calculated a weighted average of nicotine concentrations in each of the 5 B's. We then estimated the working lifetime excess lung cancer mortality risk associated with this exposure, as well as with exposure at the upper and lower limits of the range of mean exposures reported in all of the studies in each establishment category. Nicotine concentrations in the 5 B's were 2.4 to 18.5 times higher than in offices or residences, and 1.5 to 11.7 times higher than in restaurants. At these exposure levels, estimated working lifetime excess lung cancer mortality risk from secondhand smoke exposure for workers in the 5 B's is between 1.0-4.1/1000, which greatly exceeds the typical de manifestis risk level of 0.3/1000. Workers in the 5 B's have high levels of occupational exposure to secondhand smoke and must be included in workplace smoking regulations.

  13. Bilateral occipital endoscopic choroid plexus cauterization for persistent hydrocephalus following frontal endoscopic third ventriculostomy and choroid plexus cauterization--the "bowling ball" technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldstein, Hannah E; Kennedy, Benjamin C; Santos, Junia; Anderson, Richard C E; Feldstein, Neil A

    2016-04-01

    Endoscopic third ventriculostomy with choroid plexus cauterization (ETV/CPC) as a primary treatment for hydrocephalus is gaining popularity in North America, particularly among the infant population. Unfortunately, despite considerable experience with ETV/CPC at several centers, treatment failures still exist. Early reports have suggested that greater than 90 % cauterization of the choroid plexus is associated with improved clinical outcomes. However, individual patient anatomy and smaller overall ventricular size can limit the amount of choroid plexus cauterization that is technically possible through a single frontal burr hole. Furthermore, the degree of cauterization achieved by surgeons using this technique is difficult to quantify objectively. In this report, we describe the case of an infant who failed initial ETV/CPC but then had successful resolution of hydrocephalus after additional choroid plexus cauterization performed through bilateral occipital burr holes. The child remains shunt-free over a year after treatment, suggesting that this three-pronged CPC approach (the "bowling ball" technique) may be successful in some young children with persistent hydrocephalus after ETV/CPC from a single frontal burr hole.

  14. Origin and distribution of slightly biconical bowls with facetted or channeled rim from the end of bronze and the beginning of iron ages on the Balkan peninsula: Contribution to the study of ethnic and cultural movements in southeast Europe at the end of bronze and the beginning of iron ages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bulatović Aleksandar P.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Slightly biconical shaped bowls, the upper cone (rim and shoulder of which is decorated with horizontal and slanted facets or slanted channels, as well as semi-globular bowls of inverted rim decorated with horizontal facets or slanted channels are characteristic of the end of Bronze Age and mark the beginning of Iron Age in many cultural groups within the Balkan Peninsula. Problem of their origin, chronology and distribution is present in archaeological literature for a long time. Many authors perceived the significance of this ceramic shape for the chronological, ethnic and cultural interpretation of the Late Bronze, that is, of the Early Iron Ages within the territory of the Balkans. Pottery from the burned layers in Vardina and Vardaroftsa sites in the north of Greece, among which there were bowls with inverted, slanted channeled rim, was designated way back by W. Heurtley as Danubian pottery or Lausitz ware, connecting its origin with the Danube Basin. Anumber of conclusions have been reached upon the study of finds of slightly biconical bowls and bowls of inverted rim, decorated with channels or facets, from several indicative sites from Late Bronze and Early Iron Ages within the Balkan Peninsula and south part of the Middle Europe. It has been stated that the bowls appear first within the southwest Slovakia and northwest Hungary in the Br D period, to spread very fast, already in the Br D/Ha A1 period, from its home territory to the east, to the northeast Hungary and northwest Romania. Namely, this first spreading wave into these territories brought along only variety Ia bowls, which were further distributed to the south, during the Ha A1 period, to the central parts of the Balkan Peninsula and consequently it can be concluded that these bowls are somewhat older than other varieties. In the period Br D - Ha A1, in north Hungary, under the influence of Gava Culture, on one hand, and Čaka Culture, on the other, appear also variety IIa bowls

  15. Retention and Attrition Factors for Female Certified Athletic Trainers in the National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Football Bowl Subdivision Setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodman, Ashley; Mensch, James M.; Jay, Michelle; French, Karen E.; Mitchell, Murray F.; Fritz, Stacy L.

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Context: Organizational effectiveness and the continuity of patient care can be affected by certain levels of attrition. However, little is known about the retention and attrition of female certified athletic trainers (ATs) in certain settings. Objective: To gain insight and understanding into the factors and circumstances affecting female ATs' decisions to persist in or leave the National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (NCAA D-I FBS) setting. Design: Qualitative study. Setting: The 12 NCAA D-I FBS institutions within the Southeastern Conference. Patients or Other Participants: A total of 23 women who were current full-time ATs (n  =  12) or former full-time ATs (n  =  11) at Southeastern Conference institutions participated. Data Collection and Analysis: Data were collected via in-depth, semistructured interviews, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed via a grounded theory approach. Peer review and member checking methods were performed to establish trustworthiness. Results: The decision to persist involved 4 main factors: (1) increased autonomy, (2) increased social support, (3) enjoyment of job/fitting the NCAA D-I mold, and (4) kinship responsibility. Two subfactors of persistence, the NCAA D-I atmosphere and positive athlete dynamics, emerged under the main factor of enjoyment of job/fitting the NCAA D-I mold. The decision to leave included 3 main factors: (1) life balance issues, (2) role conflict and role overload, and (3) kinship responsibility. Two subfactors of leaving, supervisory/coach conflict and decreased autonomy, emerged under the main factor of role conflict and role overload. Conclusions: A female AT's decision to persist in or leave the NCAA D-I FBS setting can involve several factors. In order to retain capable ATs long term in the NCAA D-I setting, an individual's attributes and obligations, the setting's cultural issues, and an organization's social support paradigm should be considered

  16. El miedo como arma de dominación y sus manifestaciones en la vida cotidiana estadounidense, visto a través del documental Bowling for Columbine de Michael Moore

    OpenAIRE

    Mónica Vela Cuevas

    2007-01-01

    El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo mostrar cómo algunos elementos del lenguaje cinematográfico, analizados en un caso de estudio: el documental Bowling for Columbine, son utilizados para generar en el espectador determinadas imágenes identitarias que representan a colectivos sociales, específicamente el pueblo norteamericano. Así como mostrar cómo, en este específico caso de estudio, es expuesto el miedo como arma de dominación estatal, así como sus manifestaciones soci...

  17. The Dust Bowl in the American West: A geochemical record of dust provenance and deposition in the Upper Fremont Glacier ice core

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aarons, S. M.; Aciego, S.; Blakowski, M. A.; Delmonte, B.

    2016-12-01

    transition from far to near coincident with rising population and agricultural activity in the American West. The semi-continuous dust concentration data covering the entire ice core shows several significant peaks, and exceeds 8000 ppb during 1934 A.D., which may be the first evidence of the Dust Bowl in a North American ice core.

  18. Changing Pattern of Crop Fraction in Late Blight Induced Potato Crops in Potato Bowl of West Bengal by using Multi-temporal Time Series AWiFs Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakrabarty, Abhisek

    2016-07-01

    Crop fraction is the ratio of crop occupying a unit area in ground pixel, is very important for monitoring crop growth. One of the most important variables in crop growth monitoring is the fraction of available solar radiation intercepted by foliage. Late blight of potato (Solanum tuberosum), caused by the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora infestans, is considered to be the most destructive crop diseases of potato worldwide. Under favourable climatic conditions, and without intervention (i.e. fungicide sprays), the disease can destroy potato crop within few weeks. Therefore it is important to evaluate the crop fraction for monitoring the healthy and late blight affected potato crops. This study was conducted in potato bowl of West Bengal, which consists of districts of Hooghly, Howrah, Burdwan, Bankuara, and Paschim Medinipur. In this study different crop fraction estimation method like linear spectral un-mixing, Normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) based DPM model (Zhang et al. 2013), Ratio vegetation index based DPM model, improved Pixel Dichotomy Model (Li et al. 2014) ware evaluated using multi-temporal IRS AWiFs data in two successive potato growing season of 2012-13 and 2013-14 over the study area and compared with measured crop fraction. The comparative study based on measured healthy and late blight affected potato crop fraction showed that improved Pixel Dichotomy Model maintain the high coefficient of determination (R2= 0.835) with low root mean square error (RMSE=0.21) whereas the correlation values of NDVI based DPM model and RVI based DPM model is 0.763 and 0.694 respectively. The changing pattern of crop fraction profile of late blight affected potato crop was studied in respect of healthy potato crop fraction which was extracted from the 269 GPS points of potato field. It showed that the healthy potato crop fraction profile maintained the normal phenological trend whereas the late blight affected potato crop fraction profile suddenly fallen

  19. Bowl shaped deformation in a planar aromatic polycycle upon reduction. Li and Na separated dianions of the aromatic polycycle 5,6:11,12-di-o-phenylene-tetracene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wombacher, T; Goddard, R; Lehmann, C W; Schneider, J J

    2017-10-24

    Herein we report the synthesis and crystal structures of three light alkali metal salts of the dianion of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon 5,6:11,12-di-o-phenylenetetracene (L DOPT ). The compounds are obtained by reaction of L DOPT with an excess of lithium or sodium metal in different O-donor solvents (DME, diglyme) and crystallize as naked, solvated-cation separated dianions exhibiting no interaction between the alkali metal ion and the aromatic π-system of L DOPT . Depending on the aprotic etheral solvent and the hardness of the alkaline metal agent a significant structural perturbation of the conjugated carbon framework of L DOPT is observed resulting in a bowl shaped curvature of the anionic π-perimeter, in contrast to its fully planar neutral state. Reduction of L DOPT with lithium in DME results in the formation of the solvent-separated molecular structure of {[(DME-κ 2 O) 3 Li + ] 2 (L DOPT 2- )} 2 1 containing naked isolated units of dianionic L DOPT . A similar structural arrangement is observed for the corresponding sodium compound {[(DME-κ 2 O) 3 Na + ] 2 (L DOPT 2- )} 2 2 in which, however, a lesser curvature of the isolated dianionic ligand skeleton compared to 1 is observed. In contrast to 1 and 2 reduction with sodium in diglyme results in the formation of {[(diglyme-κ 3 O) 2 Na + ] 2 (L DOPT 2- )} 0.5 3. The deformation of the peripheric phenylene rings of [L DOPT 2- ] in 3 is not as pronounced as compared to 1 and 2. Nevertheless, molecular structures of 1-3 deviate from full-planarity as observed in the parent neutral L DOPT . No preferential endo- or exo-site coordination of the alkaline metal cations Li + and Na + on the curved dianionic π-perimeter is observed.

  20. US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, CONCENTRATED BOWL ...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-19

    ... Iud i !I~_~ ,llll i -:, j III i " Il"\\\\IL'lll '1ubL'l"llL' ILiLilli. l',"'\\ II:! ;ill '.'.Ik~~ ,q" s111·f~tl'l~s ijllltldi;~:' fllllll-S, \\.J,11ls, l.:JbillL'LS, fi:-:ldl"L.'S, l-,I)iJcr gUIld . ...; ...

  1. Toilet bowl cleaners and deodorizers poisoning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Below are symptoms of this type of poisoning in different parts of the body. BLOOD Severe change in blood acid level (can lead to organ damage) EYES, EARS, NOSE, AND THROAT Loss of vision Severe pain in the throat Severe pain ...

  2. REGRESSION MODEL OF RELATION OF GRAVITATIONAL WATER CIRCULATION AT THE EXPERIMENTAL CLUSTER-TYPE AUTOMATIC DRINKING BOWL Регрессионная модель зависимости гравитационной циркуляции воды в экспериментальной групповой автоматической поилке

    OpenAIRE

    Orishenko I. V.; Taran E. A.

    2012-01-01

    The article describes derivation of the regression equation which permits to determine the maximum water speed at the experimental cluster-type automatic drinking bowl which depend on temperature difference, angle of obliquity and shearing angle of the water-discharge pipe branches which are perforated by elevation

  3. Solar thermal bowl concepts and economic comparisons for electricity generation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Williams, T.A.; Dirks, J.A.; Brown, D.R.; Antoniak, Z.I.; Allemann, R.T.; Coomes, E.P.; Craig, S.N.; Drost, M.K.; Humphreys, K.K.; Nomura, K.K.

    1988-04-01

    This study is aimed at providing a relative comparison of the thermodynamic and economic performance in electric applications for fixed mirror distributed focus (FMDF) solar thermal concepts which have been studied and developed in the DOE solar thermal program. Following the completion of earlier systems comparison studies in the late 1970's there have been a number of years of progress in solar thermal technology. This progress includes developing new solar components, improving component and system design details, constructing working systems, and collecting operating data on the systems. This study povides an update of the expected performance and cost of the major components, and an overall system energy cost for the FMDDF concepts evaluated. The projections in this study are for the late 1990's and are based on the potential capabilities that might be achieved with further technology development.

  4. Influence of bowl shaped substrate holder on growth of polymeric ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    (DLC) thin films, carbon clusters (nanotubes and nanodia- monds) and fullerenes have come up with major develop- ments that are expected to find better performing applica- tions in industry. Unlike diamond, DLC can be deposited at room temperature, which finds its applications in the area of magnetic hard disk coatings, ...

  5. A Polymeric Bowl for Multi-Agent Delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyun, Dong Choon

    2015-08-01

    This paper describes a simple system for multi-agent delivery. The system consists of a biodegradable polymer particle with a hollow interior, together with a hole on its surface that can be completely or partially sealed via thermal annealing. A hydrophobic dye, Nile-red, entrapped within the shell of hollow particles presents a sustained release behavior while methylene blue, a hydrophilic model agent, encapsulated in the hollow interior shows a fast release manner. The release profiles of the probes can be further independently controlled by encapsulating methylene blue-loaded polymer nanoparticles, instead of free dye, in the hollow particle with a small hole on its surface. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  6. Consumer preference study of characteristics of Hawaiian koa wood bowls

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eini C Lowell; Katherine Wilson; Jan Wiedenbeck; Catherine Chan; J. B. Friday; Nicole Evans

    2017-01-01

    Koa (Acacia koa A. Gray), a species endemic to the Hawaiian Islands, has ecological, cultural, and economic significance. Its wood is prized globally but today, most woodworkers only use koa wood from dead and dying old-growth trees. The general perception of wood from young-growth koa is that it lacks the color and figure of old-growth wood and is...

  7. Individual match approach to Bowling performance measures in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Match conditions can play a significant role in player performances in a cricket match. If the pitch is in a good condition, the batsmen can achieve good scores, making it difficult for the bowlers. In the case of an uneven pitch or adverse weather conditions, the bowlers may have the upper hand. In order to measure bowlers' ...

  8. Iron cycling in a late Paleozoic dust bowl

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owens, J. D.; Soreghan, G. S.; Gerhardt, A.; Sur, S.; Lyons, T. W.

    2009-12-01

    The late Paleozoic glaciation (~300 million years ago) marks the last major, pre-Cenozoic icehouse climate. In addition, emerging research suggests that this was a particularly dusty time, evinced by abundant dust (loessite) deposits throughout western equatorial Pangaea. Delivery of reactive Fe-rich eolian particles to the nutrient-depleted open ocean potentially stimulates primary production during glacial intervals, yet the details remain unclear for recent glaciations and completely unknown for the ancient. Bioavailable Fe is a limiting nutrient in high nitrate, low chlorophyll portions of the open ocean. Because primary abundances of the most labile forms of Fe are not easily assessed in ancient sediments, we use highly reactive Fe (FeHR) (mostly crystalline oxides, some or most of which might have been more soluble precursors at the time of deposition) as determined by a well-calibrated sequential extraction scheme as a proxy for bioavailable Fe. Here we present data from multiple Pennsylvanian-Permian loess and intercalated paleosol (ancient soil) deposits, as well as a modern dust site. We also compare ratios of total Fe (FeT) to Al to ratios of FeHR to FeT to assess whether increased Fe reactivity in dust reflects a net Fe addition or internal mineral repartitioning. We are finding that these paired proxies may provide a unique fingerprint of source relationships. Modern arid Saharan soil dust deposited in the Turks and Caicos Islands has high FeT/Al ratios (0.75 versus ~0.5 for average continental crust), with corresponding FeHR/FeT enrichments (0.48 compared to ~0.38 for typical riverine input). The ancient loessite samples do not show a similar pattern, instead suggesting an antithetic relationship between FeT/Al and FeHR/FeT. Therefore, FeHR was enriched and, by inference, bioavailable despite net Fe loss reflected in sub-crustal FeT/Al ratios. Most work to date has presumed an arid soil source for most bioavailable Fe. However, in light of our work and recent studies in modern glacial settings, we are exploring the possibility that ancient loessites may have a more direct tie to glacial processes.

  9. Jane Bowles: DAN NA OTVORENOM / S engleskog prevela Vivijana Radman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jane Bowles

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Na periferiji glavnog grada stajala je niska bijela kuća, veoma nalik kućama koje su je okruživale. Ulica u kojoj se nalazila nije bila popločana zato što je to bila siromašna četvrt. Vrata te kuće, posve nova i ukrašena čavlima, bila su zakračunata i s unutarnje i s vanjske strane. Velika soba, opremljena s nekoliko modernih kromiranih stolica, barom i džuboksom otvarala se na prazno unutarnje dvorište. Na jednoj od tih stolica sjedio je debeo dječačić Indijanac i slušao Good Night, Sweetheart, pjesmu koju je netom odabrao. Svirala je vrlo glasno, a dječačić je ozbiljno zurio u stroj pred sobom. Bila je to jedna od kuća kojima je upravljao njihov vlasnik, senor Kurten, napola Španjolac, napola Nijemac. Poslijepodne je bilo tmurno. U jednoj od soba upravo su se probudile Julia i Inez. Julia je bila sitna i nalik majmunčiću. Bila je privlačna samo zbog svojih neobično velikih i sjajnih očiju. Inez je bila visoka, čvrstih grudiju. Glava joj je bila premalena za tijelo, a oči suviše blizu. Kosu je nosila ukrućenu u valove.

  10. Eating from a salad bowl: Examining the cognitive demands and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The analysis was underpinned by Vygotsky's theory of constructivism for assessment as it puts more emphasis on the learner as an active 'maker of meaning' of the content that is taught. A desktop approach was used, and the examination question papers were analysed through Bloom's taxonomy as a framework or a key ...

  11. Efficient hydrolytic cleavage of plasmid DNA by chloro-cobalt(II) complexes based on sterically hindered pyridyl tripod tetraamine ligands: synthesis, crystal structure and DNA cleavage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massoud, Salah S; Perkins, Richard S; Louka, Febee R; Xu, Wu; Le Roux, Anne; Dutercq, Quentin; Fischer, Roland C; Mautner, Franz A; Handa, Makoto; Hiraoka, Yuya; Kreft, Gabriel L; Bortolotto, Tiago; Terenzi, Hernán

    2014-07-14

    Four new cobalt(ii) complexes [Co(6-MeTPA)Cl]ClO4/PF6 (2/2a), [Co(6-Me2TPA)Cl]ClO4/PF6 (3/3a), [Co(BPQA)Cl]ClO4/PF6 (4/4a) and [Co(BQPA)Cl]ClO4/PF6 (5/5a) as well as [Co(TPA)Cl]ClO4 (1) where TPA = tris(2-pyridylmethyl)amine, 6-MeTPA = ((6-methyl-2-pyridyl)methyl)bis(2-pyridylmethyl)amine, 6-Me2TPA = bis(6-methyl-2-pyridyl)methyl)-(2-pyridylmethyl)amine, BPQA = bis(2-pyridylmethyl)-(2-quinolylmethyl)-amine and BQPA = bis(2-quinolylmethyl)-(2-pyridylmethyl)amine were synthesized and structurally characterized. Single crystal X-ray crystallography confirmed the distorted trigonal bipyramidal geometries of complexes 2a-5a. Spectrophotometric titrations and conductivity measurements of the complexes in the CH3CN-H2O mixture showed that the chloro complexes exist in equilibrium with the corresponding hydrolyzed aqua species, [Co(L)(H2O)](2+). The pKa values of the coordinated H2O in aqua complexes vary from 8.4 to 8.7 (37 °C). The interactions of the complexes (1-5) with DNA have been investigated at pH = 7.0 and 9.0 (10 mM Tris-HCl buffer) and 37 °C where very high catalytic cleavage was observed. Under pseudo Michaelis-Menten kinetic conditions, the catalytic rate constants, kcat, decrease in the order 4>2>5>1>3. At pH 7.0 (10 mM Tris-HCl buffer) and 37 °C, the kcat value for complex 4 (6.02 h(-1)), where [Co(BPQA)(H2O)](2+) is the major species, corresponds to 170 million rate enhancement over the non-catalyzed DNA. Electrophoretic experiments conducted in the presence and absence of radical scavengers (DMSO, KI, NaN3) ruled out the oxidative mechanistic pathway of the reaction and suggested that the hydrolytic mechanism is the preferred one. This finding was in agreement with the observed increase in the kcat values at pH 9.0 compared to the corresponding values at pH 7.0 as a result of the increased concentration of the reactive hydroxo species, [Co(L)(OH)](+). The reactivity of the synthesized complexes in catalyzing the DNA cleavage is discussed in relation to the steric effect imposed by the coordinated pyridyl ligand around the central cobalt(ii) center.

  12. Synthesis and crystal structure of the bromide salt of the inside protonated form of the cage amine [(2.3)sup 3]adamanzane, 1,4,8,12-tetraazatricyclo[6.6.3.2 sup 4,12]nonadecane and synthesis of the bowl amine [(2.3)sup 2.2 sup 1]adamanzane, 1,5,9,12-tetraazabicyclo[7.5.2]-hexadecane

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Springborg, Johan; Nielsen, Bente; Olsen, Carl Erik

    1999-01-01

    of the bridgehead nitrogen atoms. In concentrated boiling hydrochloric acid the cage undergoes a slow cleavage of one trimethylene bridge to give the bowl amine [(2.3) sup 2. 2 sup 1]adz (7), 1,5,9,12-tetraazabicyclo[7.5.2]hexadecane, which was isolated as the triprotonated bromide dichloride salt, [H sub 3.......3)sup 3]adz]Br x 4H sub 2 O has been solved by X-ray diffraction at T = 120 K. In the i sup +,i,i,i-H[(2.3) sup 3] adz sup + cation (3a) the acidic hydrogen atom and the lone pairs of the nitrogen atoms are oriented towards the inside of the cavity. The acidic hydrogen atom is attached to the apical.......01 M NaOD). From sup 1 H and sup 13C NMR it is concluded that in slightly acidic (pH > 2) and in basic aqueous solutions the dominant form of the cage has all four lone pairs pointing into the cavity. In concentrated strong acid protonation occurs and is believed to involve inversion at one or several...

  13. Does generalized social trust lead to associational membership? Unraveling a bowl of well-tossed spaghetti

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sønderskov, Kim Mannemar

    2011-01-01

    Within the social capital literature it is often assumed that membership of voluntary associations causes generalized social trust and not the other way around. This study challenges this assumption by investigating if generalized social trust causes membership in a novel design that yields valid...... provide rare individual level evidence for a connection between generalized social trust and collective action in that generalized social trust in particular increases membership of associations producing public goods....... results despite possible feed-back effects from membership to trust. Using individual level data from several countries, the paper shows that trust does increase membership. Treating associational membership as exogenous to trust produces biased results, it is therefore concluded. Moreover, the study...

  14. Does generalized social trust lead to associational membership? Unraveling a bowl of well-tossed spaghetti

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sønderskov, Kim Mannemar

    Within the social capital literature it is often assumed that membership of voluntary associations causes generalized social trust and not the other way around. This study challenges this assumption by investigating if generalized social trust causes membership in a novel design that yields valid....... Moreover, the study provide rare individual level evidence for a connection between generalized social trust and collective action in that generalized social trust in particular increases membership of associations producing public goods....... results despite possible feed-back effects from membership to trust. Using both individual and country level data in a multilevel analysis, the paper shows that trust does increase membership. Treating associational membership as exogenous to trust produces biased results, it is therefore concluded...

  15. 'Bowling apart?': Vier vragen over Nederlandse sportclubs en omgang tussen arm en rijk

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meulen, R. van der; Ruiter, S.; Ultee, W.C.

    2005-01-01

    This article tests Bourdieu’s and Putnam’s competing views on sports clubs as class mixers, using crosssectional Dutch survey data for the early 1980s and late 1990s. We calculate popularity and representativity indices. Next, we develop a connectivity index, combining both measures to a frequency

  16. Bowls and Burials – an Update from Grand Bay, Carriacou, West Indies: May–June 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaye Quetta

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available From May 23 to June 23 2011 Kaye, Fitzpatrick and Kappers directed a team comprising four staff members from England, The Netherlands and the U.S., together with 27 students from various American universities and UCL's Institute of Archaeology, to conduct the sixth season of archaeological investigation at the coastal site of Grand Bay, Carriacou (fig. 1. Our major goal this year was to finalise the excavation of three previously opened 5×5 metre trenches (nos 592, 415 and 446 (fig. 2 (see summaries in Fitzpatrick 'et al.' 2009a, 2009b; Kaye 'et al.' 2009, while training students in fieldwork techniques and continuing our community outreach work by encouraging site visits, giving talks to schools, organising an exhibition of small finds for a public open day and conducting a series of television, radio, and newspaper interviews in order to raise public awareness and encourage interest in the archaeological heritage of the island. The Carriacou Historical Society (CHS also requested us to prepare a report on the possible impact of a proposed "Free Port" coastal development on archaeological sites along the southeastern part of the island. The brief results of the 2011 project are presented in the following.

  17. On Tea Bowl from Jianzhan to Tenmoku: Material Culture and Intangible Culture in Cultural Diffusion

    OpenAIRE

    Jianping Guan

    2014-01-01

    According to precise and scientific literature that recorded, Chinese tea culture has a documented history of more than 1700 years. During which period, Yuan Dynasty was considered a crucial turning-point with great changes. The current tea culture in China is an adoption and innovation of Ming and Qing dynasty, especially in the form of processing technology. For those elements inherited from Tang and Song dynasties, however, they were more directly adopted systematically by Japan. Ever sinc...

  18. Paddy crop yield estimation in Kashmir Himalayan rice bowl using remote sensing and simulation model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muslim, Mohammad; Romshoo, Shakil Ahmad; Rather, A Q

    2015-06-01

    The Kashmir Himalayan region of India is expected to be highly prone to the change in agricultural land use because of its geo-ecological fragility, strategic location vis-à-vis the Himalayan landscape, its trans-boundary river basins, and inherent socio-economic instabilities. Food security and sustainability of the region are thus greatly challenged by these impacts. The effect of future climate change, increased competition for land and water, labor from non-agricultural sectors, and increasing population adds to this complex problem. In current study, paddy rice yield at regional level was estimated using GIS-based environment policy integrated climate (GEPIC) model. The general approach of current study involved combining regional level crop database, regional soil data base, farm management data, and climatic data outputs with GEPIC model. The simulated yield showed that estimated production to be 4305.55 kg/ha (43.05 q h(-1)). The crop varieties like Jhelum, K-39, Chenab, China 1039, China-1007, and Shalimar rice-1 grown in plains recorded average yield of 4783.3 kg/ha (47.83 q ha(-1)). Meanwhile, high altitude areas with varieties like Kohsaar, K-78 (Barkat), and K-332 recorded yield of 4102.2 kg/ha (41.02 q ha(-1)). The observed and simulated yield showed a good match with R (2) = 0.95, RMSE = 132.24 kg/ha, respectively.

  19. A Bowl of Rice Too Far: The Burma Campaign of the Japanese Fifteen Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-26

    subordinates. ―Sun Tzu, The Art of War “In the rain, with no place to sit, we took short spells of sleep standing on our feet. The bodies of our comrades...Imphal, Kohima, and the Chindit Issue, March 1944 to May 1945 (London: Arms and Armour Press. 1992), 61; Micheal Pearson, The Burma Air Campaign...Rooney, David. Burma Victory: Imphal, Kohima, and the Chindit Issue, March 1944 to May 1945. London: Arms and Armour Press. 1992. Spector, Ronald H

  20. National Ocean Sciences Bowl in 2014: A National Competition for High School Ocean Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-31

    currently valid OMB control number PLEASE DO NOT RETURN YOUR FORM TO THE ABOVE ADDRESS. 1. REPORT DATE (DD-MM-YYYY) 03/31/2015 2. REPORT TYPE Final... quality buzzer questions and 90 TCQs for use in the 2014 regionals and National Finals Competition. Question development and review is supported by...scientists who worked in environmental sciences, ocean sciences, engineering, NOAA, seafood safety, military, etc. "[The NOSBJ teaches [students

  1. Characteristics and Motivational Factors of Major Donors to Bowling Green State University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latta, Marcia Sloan

    2010-01-01

    With declining state support, increased financial need on the part of the fastest growing demographic sections of the population, and public policy that discourages major increases in tuition for public higher education, the only logical source of additional finances for public colleges and universities is increased private funding through…

  2. Feeling objects in Virtual Environments: Presence and Pseudo-Haptics in a Bowling Game

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Daniliauskaite, Kristina; Magnusdottir, Agusta; Bjørkå, Henrik Birke

    2007-01-01

    Interrelations between the senses may be a central psychological component when it comes to producing the sense of presence in a virtual environment (VE). In this paper we report the design and implementation of a VE in which the user registers the sensation of a haptic property - weight, by rely...

  3. Cracking the Rice Bowls: Expanding Joint Service Support for Rotary Wing Aviation Maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    myriad of joint Army/Navy missions in support of OPERATIONS PRIXE CHANCE and EARNEST VILL. Developing tactics and adapting procedures as they...principles for R/W aviation, nevertheless, truly joint operations will remain simply a grand vision until a similar merging occurs with respect to R/V...CEITCOX had very little personnel assigned and very little infrastructure to work from in Southwest Asia . To meet the immediate threat the CINC wanted to

  4. Cricket: Nature and incidence of fast-bowling injuries at an elite ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective. To compile an injury profile of 46 fast bowlers aged 11 - 18 years, and to identify the associated risk factors for injury during one academy cricket season. Methods. The fast bowlers selected were tested and observed for one academy cricket season (March - November). Subjects were grouped into injury ...

  5. High dimensional bowling - n-dimensional ball rolling on (n-1)-dimensional surface

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Deryabin, M.V.; Hjorth, Poul G.

    2003-01-01

    We consider the non-holonomic system of a n-dimensional ball rolling on a (n - 1)-dimensional surface. We discuss the structure of the equations of motion, the existence of an invariant measure and some generalizations of the problem.......We consider the non-holonomic system of a n-dimensional ball rolling on a (n - 1)-dimensional surface. We discuss the structure of the equations of motion, the existence of an invariant measure and some generalizations of the problem....

  6. cricket: nature and incidence of fast-bowling injuries at an elite ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Scoliosis. 2. 4. Bow legs. 1. 2. TaBle II. straight leg-raise score differences between the s1/s2 and s3 bowlers rather present the data at. (mean ± sD). Test: straight leg raise (degrees). T s1 & s2 s3 significance. M sD. M sD p d. T1 83.17 8.36. 74.53 8.90. 0.003 1.01. T2 85.77 6.66. 78.36 12.85. 0.015 0.82. T3 84.03 8.23.

  7. Bowling Green-Warren County Consumer-Career Education Handbook for Exceptional Education. Grades 1-12.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowling Green Independent School District, KY.

    The document contains consumer and career education curriculum guides for elementary and secondary teachers of handicapped children. Various units are grouped into the following disability categories: primary, intermediate, and secondary educable mentally handicapped; trainable mentally handicapped; emotionally disturbed; physically handicapped;…

  8. U.S. EPA and San Francisco Department of the Environment Spotlight Super Bowl Efforts to Feed the Hungry

    Science.gov (United States)

    SAN FRANCISCO - On Wednesday, February 3, U.S. EPA Regional Administrator Jared Blumenfeld will be joined by San Francisco Department of the Environment Director Debbie Raphael, Food Runners Director Mary Risley, and HealthRIGHT 360 CEO Vitka Eisen to dis

  9. Feeling Good About the Iron Rice Bowl: Economic Sector and Happiness in Post-Reform Urban China*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jia; Xie, Yu

    2015-01-01

    Situated in China’s market transition, this study examines the relationship between economic sector and a worker’s happiness in post-reform urban China. Using datasets from the Chinese General Social Surveys 2003, 2006 and 2008, we find that workers in the state sector enjoy a subjective premium in well-being – reporting significantly higher levels of happiness than their counterparts in the private sector. We also find that during a period when a large wave of workers moved from the state sector to the private sector, those remaining in the state sector reported being significantly happier than did former state sector workers who had moved, whether the move was voluntary or involuntary. We attribute the higher level of reported happiness in the state sector than in the private sector to the disparity by sector in the provision of social welfare benefits. Those who made voluntary state-to-private moves experienced a trade-off in enjoying higher payoffs while losing job security, whereas involuntary mobiles experienced downward mobility and suffered a long-term psychological penalty. PMID:26188448

  10. Feeling good about the iron rice bowl: Economic sector and happiness in post-reform urban China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jia; Xie, Yu

    2015-09-01

    Situated in China's market transition, this study examines the relationship between economic sector and a worker's happiness in post-reform urban China. Using datasets from the Chinese General Social Surveys 2003, 2006 and 2008, we find that workers in the state sector enjoy a subjective premium in well-being - reporting significantly higher levels of happiness than their counterparts in the private sector. We also find that during a period when a large wave of workers moved from the state sector to the private sector, those remaining in the state sector reported being significantly happier than did former state sector workers who had moved, whether the move was voluntary or involuntary. We attribute the higher level of reported happiness in the state sector than in the private sector to the disparity by sector in the provision of social welfare benefits. Those who made voluntary state-to-private moves experienced a trade-off in enjoying higher payoffs while losing job security, whereas involuntary mobiles experienced downward mobility and suffered a long-term psychological penalty. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. [From gene to disease; DFNA8/12, an autosomal dominant inherited bowl-shaped sensorineural hearing impairment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cremers, C.W.R.J.; Plantinga, R.F.; Kremer, H.

    2007-01-01

    An autosomal dominant inherited disorder known as DFNA8/12 causes mild-to-moderate/severe mid-frequency or mild-to-severe progressive high-frequency sensorineural hearing impairment. The causative gene, TECTA, encodes alpha-tectorin, the most important non-collagenous component of the tectorial

  12. Catfish and Goldfish in the Same Bowl: Perceived Outcomes and Effects of Accreditation at the Institutional Level

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beatty, Lisa Louise Riley

    2013-01-01

    Concerns about the value and quality of higher education have led to increased scrutiny of the U.S. system of peer accreditation. Public policy-makers have begun to question the extent to which accrediting agencies achieve their quality assurance and quality improvement objectives in the colleges and universities they accredit. Some have begun to…

  13. Sports Adaptations for Unilateral and Bilateral Upper-Limb Amputees: Archery/Badminton/Baseball/Softball/Bowling/Golf/Table Tennis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cowart, Jim

    1979-01-01

    The booklet discusses sports adaptations for unilateral and bilateral upper limb amputees. Designs for adapted equipment are illustrated and information on adaptations are described for archery (including an archery release aid and a stationary bow holder); badminton (serving tray); baseball/softball (adaptations for catching, throwing, and…

  14. Bowling alone, dying together: The role of social capital in mitigating the drug overdose epidemic in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoorob, Michael J; Salemi, Jason L

    2017-04-01

    Drug overdose deaths have risen precipitously over the last fifteen years. Substantial geographic variation, beyond a simple rural-urban dichotomy, exists in the concentration of overdose deaths, suggesting the existence of as-yet unidentified environmental variables that predict resilience (or vulnerability) to drug overdoses. Motivated by reports highlighting the role of community fragility in the opioid epidemic, we explore whether social capital attenuates overdose death rates. We conducted an ecologic temporal trends study from 1999 to 2014 to investigate the association between mortality due to drug overdose and social capital. Data from multiple sources were compiled at the county-level to produce an analytic dataset comprising overdose mortality, social capital, and a host of potentially confounding variables indicated by the literature (N=49,664 county-years). Multinomial logistic regression was used to estimate the likelihood that a county falls in low (16 deaths per 100,000) categories of annual overdose morality. We observed a strong and statistically significant inverse association between county-level social capital and age-adjusted mortality due to drug overdose (poverdose" category and 75% less likely to fall in the "moderate-overdose" category. This study finds large-sample evidence that social capital protects communities against drug overdose. This finding could help guide policymakers in identifying where overdose epidemics are likely to occur and how to ameliorate them. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. U.S. Geological Survey Karst Interest Group Proceedings, Bowling Green, Kentucky, May 27-29, 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuniansky, Eve L.

    2008-01-01

    *INTRODUCTION AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS* Karst aquifer systems are present throughout parts of the United States and some of its territories. The complex depositional environments that form carbonate rocks combined with post-depositional tectonic events and the diverse climatic regimes under which these rocks were formed result in unique hydrologic systems. The dissolution of calcium carbonate and the subsequent development of distinct and beautiful landscapes, caverns, and springs have resulted in some karst areas of the United States being designated as national or state parks and commercial caverns. Karst aquifers and landscapes that form in tropical areas, such as the north coast of Puerto Rico, differ greatly from karst areas in more arid climates, such as central Texas or western South Dakota. Many of these public and private lands contain unique flora and fauna associated with the hydrologic systems in these karst areas. As a result, multiple Federal, State, and local agencies have an interest in the study of karst terrains. Carbonate sediments and rocks (limestone and dolomite) are composed of greater than 50 percent carbonate minerals and the predominant carbonate mineral is calcium carbonate or limestone (CaCO3). Unlike terrigenous clastic sedimentation, the depositional processes that produce carbonate rocks are complex, involving both biological and physical processes. These depositional processes impact greatly the development of permeability of the sediments. Carbonate minerals readily dissolve or precipitate depending on the chemistry of the water flowing through the rock, thus the study of both marine and meteoric diagenesis of carbonate sediments is multidisciplinary. Even with a better understanding of the depositional environment and subsequent diagenesis, the dual porosity nature of karst aquifers presents challenges to scientists attempting to study ground-water flow and contaminant transport. Many of the major springs and aquifers in the United States are developed in carbonate rocks and karst areas. These aquifers and the springs that discharge from them, serve as major water-supply sources and as unique biological habitats. Commonly, there is competition for the water resources of karst aquifers, and urban development in karst areas can impact the ecosystem and water quality of these aquifers. The concept for developing a Karst Interest Group evolved from the November 1999 National Ground-Water Meeting of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Water Resources Division. As a result, the Karst Interest Group was formed in 2000. The Karst Interest Group is a loose-knit grass-roots organization of USGS employees devoted to fostering better communication among scientists working on, or interested in, karst hydrology studies. The mission of the Karst Interest Group is to encourage and support interdisciplinary collaboration and technology transfer among USGS scientists working in karst areas. Additionally, the Karst Interest Group encourages cooperative studies between the different disciplines of the USGS and other Department of Interior agencies and university researchers or research institutes. The first Karst Interest Group workshop was held in St. Petersburg, Florida, February 13-16, 2001, in the vicinity of karst features of the Floridan aquifer system. The proceedings of that first meeting, Water-Resources Investigations Report 01-4011 are available online at: http://water.usgs.gov/ogw/karst/ The second Karst Interest Group workshop was held August 20-22, 2002, in Shepherdstown, West Virginia, in close proximity to the carbonate aquifers of the northern Shenandoah Valley. The proceedings of the second workshop were published in Water-Resources Investigations Report 02-4174, which is available online at the previously mentioned website. The third workshop of the Karst Interest Group was held September, 12-15, 2005, in Rapid City, South Dakota, which is in close proximity to karst features

  16. The Role of Music in Environmental Education: Lessons from the Cod Fishery Crisis and the Dust Bowl Days.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramsey, Doug

    2002-01-01

    Uses lyrics and musical styles to illustrate the role of music in educating young people about ecosystem fragility and the cultural importance of rural resources. Describes the east coast fishery prior to and following the announcement of the Northern Cod fishery moratorium in 1992. (Contains 40 references.) (Author/YDS)

  17. Synthesis of the diphenylacetylene-based, tetra-amine ligand 12,-bis(3,5-bis[(dimethylamino)metyl)acetylene by palladium-catalysed cross-coupling : Isolation and crystal structure of the catalyst trans-(3,5-bis[(dimethylamino)methyl]-phenyl)bis(triphenylphosphine palladium(II) iodide

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koten, G. van; Spee, M.P.R.; Ader, B.A.; Steenwinkel, P.; Kooijman, H.; Spek, A.L.

    2000-01-01

    Reaction of 3, 5-bis[(dimethylamino)methyl]phenyl iodide with 3,5-bis[(dimethylamino)methyl]phenylacetylene in diethylamine in the presence of bis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(II) dichloride (3.6 mol%) and copper(I) iodide (3.0 mol%) gave 1,2-(bis(3,5-bis[(dimethylamino)methyl]phenyl)acetylene (1)

  18. Leveraging Successful Collaborative Processes to Improve Performance Outcomes in Large-Scale Event Planning: Super Bowl, A Planned Homeland Security Event

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    organizations that is intended to produce more public value than could be produced when the organizations act alone” ( Bardach , 2001, p. 45). While often used...MacMillan. Bardach , Eugene. (2001). “Developmental dynamics: Interagency collaboration as an emergent phenomenon.” Journal of Public Administration

  19. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Stockbridge Bowl Dam (MA 00022), Housatonic River Basin, Stockbridge, Massachusetts. Phase I Inspection Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-04-01

    est. 25 cfs) - leakage. Cracks Yes - small Rusting or Corrosion of Steel Yes, trashrack and rising stem for sluice gate. b. Mechanical and Electrical ...Structure stringers with wood nailer (rotted) bolted to spillway walls. Bridge de- Bearings flects (springy) under load;steel cable rails suspended from

  20. "Like throwing a bowling ball at a battle ship" audience responses to Australian news stories about alcohol pricing and promotion policies: a qualitative focus group study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea S Fogarty

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Policies affecting alcohol's price and promotion are effective measures to reduce harms. Yet policies targeting populations are unpopular with the public, whose views can be influenced by news framings of policy narratives. In Australia, alcohol taxation receives high news coverage, while advertising restrictions have not until recently, and narratives are highly contested for each. However, research specifically examining how audiences respond to such news stories is scant. We sought to explore audience understanding of news reports about two alcohol policy proposals. METHOD: From June to August 2012, 46 participants were recruited for 8 focus groups in age-brackets of young people aged 18-25 years, parents of young people, and adults aged 25 or older. Groups were split by education. Participants were asked their prior knowledge of alcohol policies, before watching and discussing four news stories about alcohol taxation and advertising. RESULTS: Participants were clear that alcohol poses problems, yet thought policy solutions were ineffective in a drinking culture they viewed as unamenable to change and unaffected by alcohol's price or promotion. Without knowledge of its actual effect on consumption, they cited the 2008 alcopops tax as a policy failure, blaming cheaper substitution. Participants had low knowledge of advertising restrictions, yet were concerned about underage exposure. They offered conditional support for restrictions, while doubting its effectiveness. There was marked distrust of statistics and news actors in broadcasts, yet discussions matched previous research findings. CONCLUSIONS: News coverage has resulted in strong audience understanding of alcohol related problems but framed solutions have not always provided clear messages, despite audience support for policies. Future advocacy will need to continue recent moves to address the links between alcohol's price and promotion with the drinking culture, as well as facilitate understandings of how this culture is amenable to change through the use of evidence-based policies.

  1. Exposure to secondhand smoke and excess lung cancer mortality risk among workers in the "5 B's": bars, bowling alleys, billiard halls, betting establishments, and bingo parlours

    OpenAIRE

    Siegel, M; Skeer, M

    2003-01-01

    Data sources: Using the Medline, Toxline, and Toxnet databases, the internet, and bibliographies of relevant articles, we identified studies that reported measurements of ambient nicotine concentrations in the 5 B's.

  2. « Satrapal Sardis : Achaemenid bowls in an Achaemenid capital », AJA, 103, (1999), pp. 73-102.

    OpenAIRE

    Boucharlat, Rémy

    2010-01-01

    Comme Gordion, la Sardes achéménide suscite maintenant l’intérêt des fouilleurs, longtemps attachés aux vestiges lydiens de la ville ou au contraire gréco-romains. Cette étude d’une série de coupes à boire (du vin) ou phiales d’une forme caractéristique largement répandue dans l’empire perse (mais d’origine assyrienne), contribue à mesurer l’impact achéménide sur la capitale de satrapie, du moins sur l’élite. Ces bols en céramique offrent un large répertoire de formes, constituant une série h...

  3. Bowled out for a duck before picking up a bat: identifying women’s perceived barriers and lived experiences of cricket within the City of Lincoln

    OpenAIRE

    Charlton, Alexander; Connolly, Daniel; Pickerden, Alexander; Chivers, Rhys; Simmons, Adam; Evans, Adam

    2012-01-01

    Gender inequality in sport has received significant attention from sports development initiatives and sociologists of sport. Gender inequality describes the structuring of aspects of society that favours one gender over another. Feminist academic literature is heavily focused around how the inequality is perpetuated in society (Hargreaves, J. (2000) Heroines of Sport: ‘The politics of difference and identity’. London: Routledge.). The prevalence of gender inequality is reflected in women’s pa...

  4. Cobalt bis(dicarbollides)(1-) covalently attached to the calyx[4]arene platform: the first combination of organic bowl-shaped matrices and inorganic metallaborane cluster anions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grüner, Bohumír; Mikulasek, Libor; Baca, Jirí; Cisarova, Ivana; Böhmer, Volker; Danila, Crenguta; Reinoso garcia, M.M.; Verboom, Willem; Reinhoudt, David; Casnati, Alessandro; Ungaro, Rocco

    2005-01-01

    Various calix[4]arene and resorc[4]arene ionic compounds substituted by cobalt bis(dicarbollide) anions (1) have been prepared for the first time. From tBu-calix[4]arene (A) the complete series of mono-, di-, tri- and tetrasubstituted derivatives bearing one to four cluster anions on the lower rim

  5. “Like Throwing a Bowling Ball at a Battle Ship” Audience Responses to Australian News Stories about Alcohol Pricing and Promotion Policies: A Qualitative Focus Group Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fogarty, Andrea S.; Chapman, Simon

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Policies affecting alcohol’s price and promotion are effective measures to reduce harms. Yet policies targeting populations are unpopular with the public, whose views can be influenced by news framings of policy narratives. In Australia, alcohol taxation receives high news coverage, while advertising restrictions have not until recently, and narratives are highly contested for each. However, research specifically examining how audiences respond to such news stories is scant. We sought to explore audience understanding of news reports about two alcohol policy proposals. Method From June to August 2012, 46 participants were recruited for 8 focus groups in age-brackets of young people aged 18–25 years, parents of young people, and adults aged 25 or older. Groups were split by education. Participants were asked their prior knowledge of alcohol policies, before watching and discussing four news stories about alcohol taxation and advertising. Results Participants were clear that alcohol poses problems, yet thought policy solutions were ineffective in a drinking culture they viewed as unamenable to change and unaffected by alcohol’s price or promotion. Without knowledge of its actual effect on consumption, they cited the 2008 alcopops tax as a policy failure, blaming cheaper substitution. Participants had low knowledge of advertising restrictions, yet were concerned about underage exposure. They offered conditional support for restrictions, while doubting its effectiveness. There was marked distrust of statistics and news actors in broadcasts, yet discussions matched previous research findings. Conclusions News coverage has resulted in strong audience understanding of alcohol related problems but framed solutions have not always provided clear messages, despite audience support for policies. Future advocacy will need to continue recent moves to address the links between alcohol’s price and promotion with the drinking culture, as well as facilitate understandings of how this culture is amenable to change through the use of evidence-based policies. PMID:23755205

  6. "Like throwing a bowling ball at a battle ship" audience responses to Australian news stories about alcohol pricing and promotion policies: a qualitative focus group study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fogarty, Andrea S; Chapman, Simon

    2013-01-01

    Policies affecting alcohol's price and promotion are effective measures to reduce harms. Yet policies targeting populations are unpopular with the public, whose views can be influenced by news framings of policy narratives. In Australia, alcohol taxation receives high news coverage, while advertising restrictions have not until recently, and narratives are highly contested for each. However, research specifically examining how audiences respond to such news stories is scant. We sought to explore audience understanding of news reports about two alcohol policy proposals. From June to August 2012, 46 participants were recruited for 8 focus groups in age-brackets of young people aged 18-25 years, parents of young people, and adults aged 25 or older. Groups were split by education. Participants were asked their prior knowledge of alcohol policies, before watching and discussing four news stories about alcohol taxation and advertising. Participants were clear that alcohol poses problems, yet thought policy solutions were ineffective in a drinking culture they viewed as unamenable to change and unaffected by alcohol's price or promotion. Without knowledge of its actual effect on consumption, they cited the 2008 alcopops tax as a policy failure, blaming cheaper substitution. Participants had low knowledge of advertising restrictions, yet were concerned about underage exposure. They offered conditional support for restrictions, while doubting its effectiveness. There was marked distrust of statistics and news actors in broadcasts, yet discussions matched previous research findings. News coverage has resulted in strong audience understanding of alcohol related problems but framed solutions have not always provided clear messages, despite audience support for policies. Future advocacy will need to continue recent moves to address the links between alcohol's price and promotion with the drinking culture, as well as facilitate understandings of how this culture is amenable to change through the use of evidence-based policies.

  7. OPERATION DOMINIC, FISH BOWL SERIES. Project Officer’s Report. Project 8B. Nuclear Weapon X-Ray Effects as Measured by Passive Instruments

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-09-01

    SECURITY CLASSIFICATION UNCLASSIFIED 22b TELEPHONE f/nt/ud« Artt Cod ») (202) 325-7559 33 APR Mition may Bt usad until tuniustid All othtr tdition... Moratorium that were designed to give some data on this phenomenon. However, in these prior high-altitude field tests (Reference 1), meager X-ray and/or...only limited X-ray effects data could be extracted. Unfortunately however, little X-ray effects data were obtained. During the three-year moratorium

  8. Familiar Sports and Activities Adapted for Multiply Impaired Persons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schilling, Mary Lou, Ed.

    1984-01-01

    Means of adapting some familiar and popular physical activities for multiply impaired persons are described. Games reviewed are dice baseball, one base baseball, in-house bowling, wheelchair bowling, ramp bowling, swing-ball bowling, table tennis, shuffleboard, beanbag bingo and tic-tac-toe, balloon basketball, circle football, and wheelchair…

  9. Polyamines and cellular metabolism in plants: transgenic approaches reveal different responses to diamine putrescine versus higher polyamines spermidine and spermine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Autar K. Mattoo; Subhash C. Minocha; Rakesh Minocha; Avtar K. Handa

    2010-01-01

    Distribution of biogenic amines--the diamine putrescine (Put), triamine spermidine (Spd), and tetraamine spermine (Spm)--differs between species with Put and Spd being particularly abundant and Spm the least abundant in plant cells. These amines are important for cell viability and their intracellular levels are tightly regulated, which have made it difficult to...

  10. In vitro and in vivo identification of tetradentated polyamine complexes as highly efficient metallodrugs against Trypanosoma cruzi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olmo, Francisco; Cussó, Olaf; Marín, Clotilde; Rosales, Maria José; Urbanová, Kristína; Krauth-Siegel, R Luise; Costas, Miquel; Ribas, Xavi; Sánchez-Moreno, Manuel

    2016-05-01

    In order to identify new compounds to treat Chagas disease during the acute phase with higher activity and lower toxicity than the reference drug benznidazole (Bz), a series of tetraamine-based compounds was prepared and their trypanocidal effects against Trypanosoma cruzi were evaluated by light microscopy through the determination of IC50 values. Cytotoxicity was determined by flow cytometry assays against Vero cells. In vivo assays were performed in BALB/c mice, in which the parasitemia levels were quantified by fresh blood examination; the assignment of a cure was determined by PCR and reactivation of blood parasitemia levels after immunosuppression. The mechanism of action was elucidated at metabolic and ultra-structural levels by (1)H NMR and TEM studies. Finally, as tetraamines are potentially capable of casuing oxidative damage in the parasites, the study was completed by assessing their activity as potential iron superoxide dismutase (Fe-SOD) and trypanothione reductase (TR) inhibitors. High-selectivity indexes observed in vitro were the basis of promoting three of the tested compounds to in vivo assays. The tests on the murine model for the acute phase of Chagas disease showed better parasitemia inhibition values than those found for Bz. Tetraamines 2 and 3 induced a remarkable decrease in the reactivation of parasitemia after immunosuppression and curative rates of 33 and 50%, respectively. Tetraamine 3 turned out to be a great inhibitor of Fe-SOD and TR. The high anti-parasitic activity and low toxicity render these tetraamines appropriate molecules for the development of an affordable anti-Chagas agent. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. A celebração do casamento do Príncipe Carlos com Camilla Parker Bowles: mediação e mediatização

    OpenAIRE

    Simões-Ferreira, Isabel

    2013-01-01

    Tendo presente a relação que o discurso estabelece com a sociedade como um todo, este artigo procura analisar o modo como a monarquia britânica representou o segundo casamento do Príncipe Carlos e o modo como os media construíram os relatos do acontecimento desde 10 de Fevereiro a 9 de Abril de 2005 relativamente a assuntos mais vastos, como sejam as relações de poder, as estruturas económicas dos jornais e a cultura popular. Foi dada particular relevância aos aspectos multifun...

  12. 77 FR 23499 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Museum of Indian Arts & Culture/Laboratory of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-19

    ... black- on-white bowl, one San Clemente glaze bowl, one selenite fragment, one ceramic pipe, eight... near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony and...

  13. Giardia & Pets

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and disinfect my home after my dog or cat is diagnosed with Giardia infection? Clean and disinfect potentially contaminated items (toys, water bowls and food bowls, pet bedding, floors, dog crates, linens, towels, ...

  14. The Holidays Are Coming! Time to Start Planning for Healthy Holiday Meals

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 2 teaspoons nutmeg ½ teaspoon salt 2 teaspoons baking soda 1 cup canola oil 2/3 cup water ... bowl, combine the sugar, flour, spices, salt and baking soda. In a medium bowl, combine the oil, water, ...

  15. Effect of Information Load and Time on Observational Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breslin, Gavin; Hodges, Nicola J.; Williams, A. Mark

    2009-01-01

    We examined whether altering the amount of and moment when visual information is presented affected observational learning for participants practicing a bowling skill. On Day 1, four groups practiced a cricket bowling action. Three groups viewed a full-body point-light model, the model's bowling arm, or between-limb coordination of the model's…

  16. 78 FR 54871 - Procurement List; Proposed Additions and Deletion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-06

    ... ADMINISTRATION, NEW YORK, NY Holiday Themed Bags, Containers and Baking Cup-Picks Set NSN: MR 376--Resealable... 380--Set, Baking Cups and Picks, Holiday, 24PC NPA: Winston-Salem Industries for the Blind, Inc... Patriotic Themed Serving Bowls NSN: MR 358--Serving Bowl, Patriotic, Plastic 7Qt NSN: MR 370--Serving Bowl...

  17. Paper Pulp Panoply.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marque, Margo E.

    1999-01-01

    Explains that creating paper-pulp bowls is designed to acquaint students with the beginning vocabulary and finger dexterity needed to sculpt clay. Describes the process of making paper-pulp bowls and identifies important vocabulary words. Provides directions for making paper bowl forms and lists the materials. (CMK)

  18. Cobalt(III) complexes of [3(5)]adamanzane, 1,5,9,13-tetraazabicyclo[7.7.3]nonadecane. Report of an inert, chelate hydrogen carbonate ion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broge, Louise; Søtofte, Inger; Olsen, Carl Erik

    2001-01-01

    Three cobalt(III) complexes of themacrocyclic tetraamine [3(5)]adamanzane (1,5,9,13-tetraazabicyclo[7.7.3]-nonadecane) were isolated as salts. The X-ray crystal structures were solved for the compounds [Co([3(5)]adz)-(CO3)AsF6 (1b), [Co([3(5)]adz)(HCO3)]znBr(4).H2O (2a), and [Co([35]adz)(SO4)]AsF...

  19. Causal Claims and the Operational Environment: An Analysis of Conventional and Emergent Causality as Applied to the Systems in 2007-2008 Iraq

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-08

    but simply Korengali. 33Austin Murphy and Michael McKnight, “ Fiesta Bowl Scandal Results in Junker...Dismissal, Casts Pall Over Bcs,” Sports Illustrated, March 30, 2011, http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/2011/football/ncaa/03/29/ fiesta -bowl-junker...accessed May 5, 2012). Murphy, Austin, and Michael McKnight. “ Fiesta Bowl Scandal Results in Junker Dismissal, Casts Pall Over Bcs.” Sports Illustrated

  20. Construction of Covalent Organic Frameworks Bearing Three Different Kinds of Pores through the Heterostructural Mixed Linker Strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pang, Zhong-Fu; Xu, Shun-Qi; Zhou, Tian-You; Liang, Rong-Ran; Zhan, Tian-Guang; Zhao, Xin

    2016-04-13

    It is very important to create novel topologies and improve structural complexity for covalent organic frameworks (COFs) that might lead to unprecedented properties and applications. Despite the progress achieved over the past decade, the structural diversity and complexity of COFs are quite limited. In this Communication, we report the construction of COFs bearing three different kinds of pores through the heterostructural mixed linker strategy involving the condensation of a D2h-symmetric tetraamine and two C2-symmetric dialdehydes of different lengths. The complicated structures of the triple-pore COFs have been confirmed by powder X-ray diffraction and pore size distribution analyses.

  1. Oceanographic and surface meteorological data collected from station bgsusd2, Sandusky Bay 2, by Bowling Green State University and assembled by Great Lakes Observing System (GLOS) in the Great Lakes region from 2017-06-10 to 2017-08-31 (NCEI Accession 0163831)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NCEI Accession 0163831 contains oceanographic and surface meteorological data in netCDF formatted files, which follow the Climate and Forecast metadata convention...

  2. Oceanographic and surface meteorological data collected from station Sandusky Bay by Bowling Green State University and assembled by Great Lakes Observing System (GLOS) in the Great Lakes region from 2015-07-04 to 2017-08-31 (NCEI Accession 0155656)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NCEI Accession 0155656 contains oceanographic and surface meteorological data in netCDF formatted files, which follow the Climate and Forecast metadata convention...

  3. PlanktonSet 1.0: Plankton imagery data collected from F.G. Walton Smith in Straits of Florida from 2014-06-03 to 2014-06-06 and used in the 2015 National Data Science Bowl (NCEI Accession 0127422)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data presented here are subset of a larger plankton imagery data set collected in the subtropical Straits of Florida from 2014-05-28 to 2014-06-14. Imagery data were...

  4. (Urginea Altissima), Against the Field Rat, Arvicanthis Abyssinicus

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bernt Lindtjorn

    3Department of the Environment and Sustainability, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio, 43403, ckeil@bgsu.edu ... pesticides may be more desirable as they are less toxic to non-target animals and are economically sustainable. Objective: The ..... norvegicus) from the UK and Germany. International ...

  5. Quantifying the Chasm: Exploring the Impact of the BCS on Total Football Revenues for Division One Football Programs from 2002-2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caro, Cary A.

    2014-01-01

    The Bowl Championship Series served as a collection of bowl games that were designed to crown the national champion in Division One football. The BCS created two classifications of institutions in Division football, those that were granted automatic access (AQ) to the post-season games, and those that were not (non-AQ). The BCS also generated…

  6. 76 FR 12217 - Exempt Discretionary Program Grants (Section 5309) for Urban Circulator Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-04

    ... relocation. Through the Urban Circulator Program grants, FTA will invest in five projects that provide a... Ahmad, Regional Administrator, Region 2--New York, Administrator, Region 7--Kansas One Bowling Green..., Missouri, and Nebraska. New York Metropolitan Office, Region 2--New York, One Bowling Green, Room 428, New...

  7. 26 CFR 1.274-2 - Disallowance of deductions for certain expenses for entertainment, amusement, recreation, or travel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... setting. For example, entertainment of business representatives and civic leaders at the opening of a new..., entertainment include yachts, hunting lodges, fishing camps, swimming pools, tennis courts, bowling alleys... social, athletic, or sporting club or organization, bowling alley, tennis court, or swimming pool, or, (b...

  8. COMPOSITION OF DIE STEEL 5HVMFS WITH INCREASED WEAR RESISTANCE AND THE SCHEME OF ITS SMELTING WITH USE OF UNDIVIDED SCRAP OF STEELS R6M5 AND 45

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. N. Fedulov

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The technological scheme of the new tool steel 5HVMFS smelting by means of electroslag casting method with the use of different combinations of steel scrap of R6M5 and CH5 steels and dressing the chemical composition directly in the bowl and also filling into metal bowl is developed.

  9. clarias gariepinus

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    paper and kept in a plastic bowl with a saline solution until needed. Incision was made into the creamy coloured ... opening which were collected in plastic bowl. A sample of 20 unfertilized eggs from each Female size ... thiosulphate until a pale straw colour lead paint was observed. Then 1ml starch solution was added the.

  10. 78 FR 59966 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Fort Lewis College, Durango, CO; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-30

    ... sentence: The six associated funerary objects are 1 Chapin grey pitcher, 1 greyware jar, 1 Chapin black-on-white bowl, 1 Piedra black-on-white bowl, 1 lot of shell beads, and 1 Chapin grey jar. In the Federal... been placed with or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the death...

  11. Sports Injury Prevention

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Wojtys, Edward M

    2017-01-01

    ... to making reasonable decisions about athletic participation. This past football bowl season brought the topic of sports injury risk to the forefront when Louisiana State University’s Leonard Fournette and Stanford’s Christian McCaffrey bypassed their school’s bowl games in difference to their professional football careers. The news surprised ma...

  12. Equivalency Evaluation of Firefighting Agents and Minimum Requirements at U.S. Air Force Airfields.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-10-01

    required volume of fresh water at 70 degrees +2* F. Two-hundred milliliters (ml) of this solution is poured into the large bowl of a kitchen mixer (Sunbeam...the mixing continued for another 30 seconds. The foam mixture remaining in the bowl is removed with the aid of a spatula into the standard foam

  13. Shoulder injuries in provincial male fast bowlers — predisposing ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Enrique

    Dvir Z. Isokinetics: Muscle Testing, Interpretation and Clinical. Applications. Edinburgh: Churchill-Livingstone, 2000. 9. Elliott BC, Foster DH. A biomechanical analysis of the front-on and side- on bowling techniques. Journal of Human Movement Studies 1984; 10: 83. - 94. 10. Foster D. Injury and prevention in fast bowling.

  14. 75 FR 52054 - Bus and Bus Facilities Discretionary Program Funds

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-24

    ... 8, 2009. The Livability Bus program makes funds available to public transit providers to finance... 2-New York, Administrator, Region 7-Kansas One Bowling Green, Room 429, New City, MO, 901 Locust... Metropolitan Office, Region 2-New York, One Bowling Green, Room 428, New York, NY 10004-1415, Tel. 212-668-2202...

  15. 76 FR 68813 - FY 2011 Discretionary Livability Funding Opportunity; Section 5309 Bus and Bus Facilities...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-07

    ... public transit providers to finance capital projects to replace, rehabilitate, and purchase buses and... Ahmad, Regional Administrator, Region 2-New York, Administrator, Region 7-Kansas One Bowling Green, Room..., and Nebraska. New York Metropolitan Office, Region 2-New York, One Bowling Green, Room 428, New York...

  16. 76 FR 17738 - Over-the-Road Bus Accessibility Program Announcement of Project Selections

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-30

    ... help finance the incremental capital and training costs of complying with DOT's over-the-road bus...--New York, One Administrator, Region 7-- Bowling Green, Room 429, New York, NY Kansas City, MO, 901... Metropolitan Office, Region 2-- New York, One Bowling Green, Room 428, New York, NY 10004-1415, Tel. 212-668...

  17. Manglende sammenhaeng mellem praestationer i et virtuelt og i et virkeligt miljø

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Konge, Lars; Bitsch, Mikael

    2010-01-01

    simulated training- and evaluation programmes it is always a question of transfer to the real clinical world. To illustrate this problem a study comparing the test performance of persons on a bowling simulator with their performance in a real bowling alley was conducted. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty...

  18. 76 FR 5400 - Notice of Lodging of Consent Decree Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-31

    ... Silver Bowl, Inc., Civ. No. 11-0029, was lodged with the United States District Court for the District of... Mining and Milling Company and Silver Bowl, Inc., Civ. No. 11-0029 and D.J. Ref. No. 90-11-3-128/11...

  19. Effect of fermentation containers on the chemical composition of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    effects of using banana leaf and plastic (high density polyethylene) bowl as containers for fermentation on the nutrients and anti nutritional factors of sesame seed. Samples were fermented separately using banana leaf and plastic bowl for seven days at temperature of 35 ± 2°C. Samples were drawn at intervals during ...

  20. (18) Oyegoke et al (new art)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Adeyinka Odunsi

    were fed with commercial floating pellets at. 10% of body weight. Five bowls, each of. 0.05m3 capacity was used for the experiment. Prior to usage, each bowl was washed with 5% acetic acid to remove possible toxic materials. Unconsumed food materials were removed and water replenished regularly at 24 hour intervals.

  1. Experiments to Demonstrate Change in Allelic Frequency by ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Admin

    1. Experiments were conducted with four different populations (A, B, C and D) having four different alleles, which were represented by color beads. 2. The alleles of each populations were placed in a plastic bowl which represents an island. 3. PopulationAwas represented with a large plastic bowl with 100 individuals (25 ...

  2. Shoulder joint acceleration and power output in cricket bowlers ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Control group was somewhat low. It can be concluded that sport-specific strength training with maximum concentric acceleration with upper-body strength training probably causes an accelerated improvement in bowling speed. Key words: Bowling-speed; fast-bowlers; concentric-acceleration; strength-training; performance ...

  3. The Psychology of Cigarette Advertising: Professional Puffery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fine, Gary Alan

    1974-01-01

    Concludes that cigarette advertising both exploits and creates popular culture, and that the popular culture is intimately tied to the cognitive and affective mechanisms of people. Available from: Editor, Journal of Popular Culture, University Hall, Bowling Green University, Bowling Green, Ohio 43403. (RB)

  4. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 169a - Codes and Definitions of Functional Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... and crafts, entertainment, sports and athletics, swimming, bowling, marina and boating, stables, youth... and Crafts. G011F: Category IIIb2 Music & Theatre. G011G: Category IIIb2 Outdoor Recreation. G011H... Sports—Competitive. G011K: All Category IIIb3 except Armed Forces Recreation Center (AFRC) Golf Bowling...

  5. 77 FR 69598 - Meeting of the Defense Advisory Committee on Women in the Services (DACOWITS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-20

    ... Hotel, 1300 Jefferson Davis Hwy, Arlington, VA 22202. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Robert Bowling or DACOWITS Staff at 4000 Defense Pentagon, Room 2C548A, Washington, DC 20301-4000. Robert.bowling... will be able to make an oral presentation of their issue during an open portion of this meeting or at a...

  6. Manglende sammenhaeng mellem praestationer i et virtuelt og i et virkeligt miljø

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Konge, Lars; Bitsch, Mikael

    2010-01-01

    simulated training- and evaluation programmes it is always a question of transfer to the real clinical world. To illustrate this problem a study comparing the test performance of persons on a bowling simulator with their performance in a real bowling alley was conducted. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty......-five test subjects played two rounds of bowling on a Nintendo Wii and 25 days later on a real bowling alley. Correlations of the scores in the first and second round (test-retest-reliability) and of the scores on the simulator and in reality (criterion validation) were studied and there was tested for any......INTRODUCTION: Simulation-based training provides obvious benefits for patients and doctors in education. Frequently, virtual reality simulators are expensive and evidence for their efficacy is poor, particularly as a result of studies with poor methodology and few test participants. In medical...

  7. 29 CFR 779.320 - Partial list of establishments whose sales or service may be recognized as retail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... RELATED TO REGULATIONS THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT AS APPLIED TO RETAILERS OF GOODS OR SERVICES... shops. Barber shops. Beauty shops. Bicycle shops. Billiard parlors. Book stores. Bowling alleys. Butcher...

  8. Changes in hospitality workers' exposure to secondhand smoke following the implementation of New York's smoke-free law

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    M C Farrelly; J M Nonnemaker; R Chou; A Hyland; K K Peterson; U E Bauer

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To assess the impact on hospitality workers' exposure to secondhand smoke of New York's smoke-free law that prohibits smoking in all places of employment, including restaurants, bars, and bowling facilities. Design...

  9. Pregnancy and Rheumatic Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Ticketed Sessions Must See Sessions Knowledge Bowl Thieves Market Call for Proposals Faculty Abstracts Abstract Submission Abstract ... flares do not endanger the mother's or the baby's life, nor do they substantially alter the long- ...

  10. Staying Mobile

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... favorite. People who use scooters and wheelchairs bowl, fish, ski, and play golf, tennis or basketball. Enable ... the Independent Care System of NY addresses the importance of selecting the wheeled mobility device that best ...

  11. Why Do Intrathermocline Eddies Form in the Japan/East Sea? A Modeling Perspective

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hogan, Patrick J; Hurlburt, Harley E

    2006-01-01

    .... By definition, they are situated within the thermocline and therefore split the stratified water column, taking the form of a dome in the upper part of the thermocline and a bowl in the lower part...

  12. Wrist Pain

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... wrist. These can include football, bowling, golf, gymnastics, snowboarding and tennis. Repetitive work. Almost any activity that ... guards for high-risk activities, such as football, snowboarding and rollerblading. Pay attention to ergonomics. If you ...

  13. 78 FR 19305 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History, New Haven, CT

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-29

    ... in 1873 by Oscar Harger, a student of the Expedition. These objects include a wooden bowl, a stone... rolled metal tube beads and a string of shell beads, were recovered from Native American graves and...

  14. Public-Private Ventures for Morale, Welfare, and Recreation Activities. A Solution to the Loss of Appropriated Funds. Volume 3. Appendix F

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-07-01

    maintenance (including a schedule of routine inspections and servicing of heating, ventilating, air conditioning, kitchen equipment, and bowling lanes...alpenae Threatened Fishes of Illinois Cisco Coregonus artedii Longnose Sucker Catostomus catostomus Alligator Gar Lepisosteus spatula Pugnose Shiner

  15. 2005 USSOCOM Chemical, Biological, Radiological Conference and Exhibition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-12-08

    WARNING REPORTINGALERT NOTIFICATION TREATMENT CASUALTYMANAGEMENT QUARANTINE/ ISOLATIONEVACUATION CASUALTY REPLACEMENT CONTAMINATION CONTROL MORTUARY ...Disulfide Nitrotoluene Nitroethane Acrylonitrile Toilet Bowl Cleaner Bleach Paint Solvent Hydrogen Peroxide Acetylene Aluminum Powder Chloroform Chlorine

  16. 75 FR 70812 - Airworthiness Directives; Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation (Sikorsky) Model S-92A Helicopters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-19

    ... introduced a six-stud attachment for the oil filter bowl and more edge distance on the right and left foot.../Component (JASC) Code is 6320: Main Rotor Gearbox. (d) Do the inspections by following the specified...

  17. Hookahs

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... hookah has a head (with holes in the bottom), a metal body, a water bowl, and a ... to a Tobacco-Free Waterpipe Product Reduce Toxicant Intake? A Crossover Study Comparing CO, NO, PAH, Volatile ...

  18. 76 FR 63346 - Environmental Impact Statement, Tappan Zee Bridge/I-287 Corridor Project (Rockland and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-12

    ..., Region II Acting Administrator, Federal Transit Administration, One Bowling Green, Room 429, New York... appropriate planning and environmental studies in the future as circumstances and finances dictate. Any such...

  19. 77 FR 59652 - Notice of Inventory Completion: U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Wupatki...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-28

    ... to the construction of the Sunset Crater- Wupatki loop road. No known individuals were identified. No... identified. The 11 associated funerary objects are 2 Sunset Red bowls, 1 Dogozshi Black-on-White jar, 1...

  20. Roost tree selection and use by the Indiana Bat on Walnut Creek National Wildlife Refuge: First year progress report

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Indiana bat (Myotis sodalis) was first reported in Iowa in 1959 (Bowles, 1975). This first record was of three hibernating individuals, in a Dubuque County cave....

  1. Muscle cramps

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... spasm. Muscle cramps can occur while you play tennis or golf, bowl, swim, or do any other exercise. They can also be triggered by: Alcoholism Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) Kidney failure Medicines Menstruation Pregnancy Home Care If you have a muscle ...

  2. Microvascularization and histomorphology of lateral line organs in adult Xenopus laevis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerlach, Nicolas; Minnich, Bernd; Lametschwandtner, Alois

    2014-05-01

    The microvasculariaztion of the lateral line organs (LLOs) of the adult pipid frog, Xenopus laevis was studied by scanning electron microscopy of vascular corrosion casts (VCCs) and correlative light microscopy of paraplast embedded tissues sections. Scanning electron micrographs of VCCs revealed that each neuromast within the LLO rests on a distinct bowl-like capillary network (vascular bowl). One to three vascular bowls were supplied by an ascending arteriole and drained by a descending venule towards the skin deep dermal vascular network. Blood flow regulation mechanisms in form of intimal cushions were present at the origin of ascending arterioles supplying LLOs, microvenous valves were present at the confluence of deep dermal venules and veins. This together with sprouting and nonsprouting angiogenesis (intussusceptive microvascular growth) found in vascular bowls demonstrate that in adult Xenopus the capillary bed of LLO's still can be adjusted to changing energetic needs. Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  3. Easy Games for the German Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaiser, Linda

    1977-01-01

    The following easy games for the German classroom are described: around Germany, map identifications, fast response, bingo, memory training, geography college bowl, find the object, descriptions, pronunciation perfection, acrostics, simple board games, art lesson, treasure hunt, and miscellaneous games. (SW)

  4. Report of bat survey Walnut Creek Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Bats are an integral and significant part of the mammalian fauna of Iowa (Bowles 1975, Clark et al. 1987). In particular, the nine species of bats in Iowa are...

  5. Libraries in Kentucky: MedlinePlus

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: https://medlineplus.gov/libraries/kentucky.html Libraries in Kentucky To use the sharing features on ... JavaScript. Bowling Green WESTERN KENTUCKY UNIVERSITY Dept. of Library Public Services/WKU Libraries 1906 College Heights Blvd # ...

  6. Pop / Mart Juur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juur, Mart, 1964-

    2002-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Chicago "The Chicago Story: Complete Greatest Hits", Ryan Adams "Demolition", Elvis Presly "Elvis - 30 No.1 Hits", Komet +/vs. Bovine Life "Reciprocess +/vs. 1",, Cassius "Au Reve", Bowling For Soup "Drunk Enough To Dance", Atomic Kitten "Feels So Good"

  7. Dengue Fever

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... change the water in birdbaths, dog bowls, and flower vases at least once a week. By taking ... Cholera West Nile Virus First Aid: Vomiting Are Insect Repellents With DEET Safe for Kids? Dengue Fever ...

  8. 76 FR 5834 - Notice of Determinations Regarding Eligibility to Apply for Worker Adjustment Assistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-02

    ..., LLC........ Bowling Green, KY....... October 15, 2009. 74,766 Rocon Manufacturing Rochester, NY... Corporation, Business Banking Division. 74,856 ACS Education Services, Long Beach, CA....... Inc., Financial...

  9. Material culture of Dardan's in pre-roman period

    OpenAIRE

    Savić, Marija M.

    2015-01-01

    Dardan's cultural group may be followed from chronological and archaeological aspect starting from 8th century B.C. based on findings of ceramics decorated on a specific way by tooth like instrument. It is made by free hand of grey and sombre facture with polishing application. Out of shapes bowls with inner inset rim, jugs with oblique slanted rim, urns with lecherous and sloping or horizontally mounted rim, and conical bowls with a handle are dominating. By the tooth like instrument motives...

  10. Global Energy Trade and the Joint Expeditionary Force: Supporting Friends and Influencing Others on the New Silk Road

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-05-27

    various Turkish tribes and renewed control over the Tarim Basin and Eastern Turkestan. The Chinese faced powerful enemies in the form of the...August 20, 2008). 17 Geoffrey Kemp, Energy Super Bowl: Strategic Politics and the Persian Gulf and Caspian Basin , (Washington, DC: Nixon Center for...London: I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd, 2008. Kemp, Geoffrey. Energy Super Bowl: Strategic Politics and the Persian Gulf and Caspian Basin , Washington, DC

  11. Comparative Evaluation of Firefighting Foam Agents

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-08-01

    Model LII02S, No. 2 pen recorder kitchen mixer (Sunbeam Mixmaster in accordance with the equipment Model 12C or equivalent) and beaten manufacturer’s...bowl is removed with measurement was taken. a spatula and placed in the standard 1,400-ml foam container (reference Determinations of the interfacial...this placed beneath the pan to insulate it solution is poured into the large from the hot stand. A l00-ml graduated bowl of a kitchen -mixer (Sunbeam

  12. The Billingsley Dairy: A Family Enterprise in the Prado Basin. CA-RIV- 3508-H

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-06-01

    cultural material concurrently with the excavation and was able to provide feedback for the interpretation of the physical remains being exposed. Amorphous...soup bowl Floral decal, molded rim. Gates and China Co. Ormerod 1982:100c. Code 42-3 7 1900-1948 Earthenware saucer Floral decal, gilt edge. Gates...1960 Earthenware saucer Molded and gilt rim. Gates and Ormerod 1982:136. Code: R 45 N6 45 Aug. 1913 Earthen. oyster bowl Gates and Ormerod 1982:129

  13. Do Fast Bowlers Fatigue in Cricket? A Paradox Between Player Anecdotes and Quantitative Evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maunder, Ed; Kilding, Andrew E; Cairns, Simeon P

    2017-07-01

    The manifestations of fatigue during fast bowling in cricket were systematically evaluated using subjective reports by cricket experts and quantitative data published from scientific studies. Narratives by international players and team physiotherapists were sourced from the Internet using criteria for opinion-based evidence. Research articles were evaluated for high-level fast bowlers who delivered 5- to 12-over spells with at least 1 quantitative fatigue measure. Anecdotes indicate that a long-term loss of bowling speed, tiredness, mental fatigue, and soreness occur. Scientific research shows that ball-release speed, bowling accuracy, bowling action (technique), run-up speed, and leg-muscle power are generally well maintained during bowling simulations. However, bowlers displaying excessive shoulder counterrotation toward the end of a spell also show a fall in accuracy. A single notable study involving bowling on 2 successive days in the heat showed reduced ball-release speed (-4.4 km/h), run-up speed (-1.3 km/h), and accuracy. Moderate to high ratings of perceived exertion transpire with simulations and match play (6.5-7.5 Borg CR-10 scale). Changes of blood lactate, pH, glucose, and core temperature appear insufficient to impair muscle function, although several potential physiological fatigue factors have not been investigated. The limited empirical evidence for bowling-induced fatigue appears to oppose player viewpoints and indicates a paradox. However, this may not be the case since bowling simulations resemble the shorter formats of the game but not multiday (test match) cricket or the influence of an arduous season, and comments of tiredness, mental fatigue, and soreness signify phenomena different from what scientists measure as fatigue.

  14. Minutes of the Explosives Safety Seminar (21st) Held at Houston, Texas on 28-30 August 1984. Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-08-01

    Dr. David H. Rosenblatt SESSION - DESIGN FOR BLAST CONTAINMENT Moderator - Dr. Wilfred Baker INTERIM TOTAL CONTAINMENT TEST FIRE FACILITY...ION *.- Bowles and Sugarman (Ref 3) annealed glass tests are also reported it parenthesis in Table 1. A probability of failure, P(F), of 0.008 is...load, r ,is reasonably conservative. The one exception, U9 the 0.250-inch annealed glass plates tested by Bowles and Sugarman , . exhibited a bimodal

  15. Characterization and degradation studies on synthetic polymers for aerospace application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, M. T. S.

    1982-01-01

    The anti-misting additive for jet fuels known as FM-9 (proprietary polymer) was characterized by elemental analysis, solubility studies and molecular weight determination. Physical properties of surface tension, viscosity, specific gravity and other physical parameters were determined. These results are compared with properties of polyisobutylene and fuels modified with the same; the misting characteristics of polyisobutylene and FM-9 in Jet A fuel are included. Characterization and degradation of phthalocyanine and its derivatives were accomplished by use of a mass spectrometer and a pyroprobe solid pyrolyzer. Metal phthalocyanine tetracarboxylic acids and phthalocyanine-tetraamine cured epoxies were studied. Epoxy/graphite composite panels were exposed to a NASA-Ames radiant panel fire simulator in the flaming and non-flaming modes; toxic gases of HCN and HZS were measured along with oxygen, Co2, Co, and organic gases.

  16. One-Step Facile Synthesis of a Simple Hole Transport Material for Efficient Perovskite Solar Cells

    KAUST Repository

    Chen, Hu

    2016-04-04

    A hole transporting material was designed for use in perovskite solar cells, with a facile one-step synthesis from inexpensive, com-mercially available reagents. The molecule comprises a central fluorinated phenyl core with pendant aryl amines, namely, 3,6-difluoro-N1,N1,N2,N2,N4,N4,N5,N5-octakis(4-methoxyphenyl)benzene-1,2,4,5-tetraamine (DFTAB). A power conversion efficiency of up to 10.4% was achieved in a mesoporous perovskite device architecture. The merits of a simple and potentially low cost syn-thetic route as well as promising performance in perovskite devices, encourages further development of this materials class as new low-cost hole transporting materials for the scale up of perovskite solar cells.

  17. Dishware size and snack food intake in a between-subjects laboratory experiment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Eric; Sheen, Florence; Harrold, Jo; Boyland, Emma; Halford, Jason C G; Masic, Una

    2016-03-01

    The use of smaller dishware as a way of reducing food consumption has intuitive appeal and is recommended to the general public. Recent experimental studies have failed to find an effect of plate size on food intake, although the methods used across studies have varied. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect that bowl size had on snack food consumption in a 'typical' snacking context (snacking while watching television). Between-subjects. Laboratory experiment. Sixty-one adult participants served themselves and ate popcorn while watching television. Participants were randomly assigned to serve themselves with and eat from either a small or a large bowl. The use of a smaller bowl size did not reduce food consumption. Unexpectedly, participants in the small bowl condition tended to consume more popcorn (34·0 g) than participants in the large bowl condition (24·9 g; 37 % increase, d=0·5), although the statistical significance of this difference depended on whether analyses were adjusted to account for participant characteristics (e.g. gender) associated with food intake (P=0·02) or not (P=0·07). Counter to widely held belief, the use of a smaller bowl did not reduce snack food intake. Public health recommendations advising the use of smaller dishware to reduce food consumption are premature, as this strategy may not be effective.

  18. Comparison of four methods of hand washing in situations of inadequate water supply.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogunsola, F T; Adesiji, Y O

    2008-01-01

    Hand washing is the single most important means of preventing hospital acquired infections, but requires for effectiveness, a constant supply of running water and proper facilities. Most developing countries do not have constant running water facilities, so alternate methods have been developed and used in clinics and hospitals. To compare and validate alternate methods of hand washing developed for use in Nigeria. The hands of 12 volunteers were pre-contaminated with known isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The volunteers washed their hands as described by Ayliffe. The hands and equipment were cultured pre- and post-contamination and post-hand washing. The water used for the hand wash was also cultured pre-hand washing to control for water-based contamination. Each method was evaluated three times and various parts of the equipment were cultured to determine the areas contaminated by the hands during the hand wash. "Elbow-way" was shown to be the best and the gold standard Sink and Tap for promoting an effective hand washing, as there was no evidence of post-contamination. The worst was the single-bowl method in which the hands of all the 12 (100%) volunteers were contaminated from the bowl, followed by the two-bowl initiative 10 (83%) and the bucket and bowl 9 (75%). The bucket and bowl as well as the single-bowl methods most commonly used in hospitals result in gross contamination of the bowls and bucket and are therefore unsafe and should be discouraged. The elbow way on the other hand appears to be an easy and safe alternative in situations where there is no running water.

  19. The Nazarov Complex of the Lower Don: on Zoroastrianism of the Khazar Ethnos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonid S. Ilyukov

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Among the early medieval antiquities of the Lower Don basin, two funerary complexes are of interest. One was accidentally discovered in 1914 in the Cossack village Nazarov, and the other – near the settlement Bolshaya Orlovka in 1972. Based upon the Byzantine solidities, found in their inventory, they date from the first half of the 8th century. Two iron lamps in the form of bowls on a high leg were found in these funerary complexes along with a diverse and prestigious inventory. In addition to them, two iron composite altars of different sizes were found in the Bolshaya Orlovka. In the early medieval burial mound near the Brusyana village in the Volga region a solidcast iron lamp-altar was found, consisting of a bowl in the form of a concave disc on a long leg, which was welded in the center of a hexagonal bowl with low straight sides and a flat bottom. Short legs are located at its three corners. Typologically Brusian discovery was later then those of the Nazarov and the Bolshaya Orlovka. It unites the altar, consisting of threebowls with low straight bows and a flat bottom, with a lamp. Short legs are located at its three corners of the bowls. These were specific bowls that were used to carry fire during rituals of steppe nomads who had close cultural contacts with the fire worshipers of Sasanid Iran, whose population professed Zoroastrianism.

  20. Preliminary Investigation of Food Guarding Behavior in Shelter Dogs in the United States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margaret Slater

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available A survey given to animal shelters across the US reported food bowl guarding as one of the most common reasons for euthanasia and only 34% attempted to modify this guarding behavior. This study identified 96 dogs that guarded their food bowl during an assessment, and then placed them into a home on a modification program. Food guarding behavior was identified as stiffening, gulping, growling, freezing, and/or biting a fake hand during the SAFER® food bowl assessment. Dogs that exhibited guarding behavior over toys were excluded. Follow-up was done at 3 days, 3 weeks, and 3 months post adoption to measure all guarding behavior in the home. Six adopters reported at least one incident involving guarding in the first three weeks, of which only one was around the food bowl. By three months, those adopters reported no guarding behavior except one new occurrence of a dog guarding a rawhide was reported in the third month. For dog identified with food guarding, the return rate to the shelter was 5% and 9% for adult dogs not identified with guarding behavior. Adopters did not comply with at least one aspect of the program, so it is unclear why so little guarding was reported. The key finding is that dogs that guarded their food bowl in the shelter were not guarding their food in their new homes.

  1. Preliminary Investigation of Food Guarding Behavior in Shelter Dogs in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohan-Gibbons, Heather; Weiss, Emily; Slater, Margaret

    2012-08-03

    A survey given to animal shelters across the US reported food bowl guarding as one of the most common reasons for euthanasia and only 34% attempted to modify this guarding behavior. This study identified 96 dogs that guarded their food bowl during an assessment, and then placed them into a home on a modification program. Food guarding behavior was identified as stiffening, gulping, growling, freezing, and/or biting a fake hand during the SAFER(®) food bowl assessment. Dogs that exhibited guarding behavior over toys were excluded. Follow-up was done at 3 days, 3 weeks, and 3 months post adoption to measure all guarding behavior in the home. Six adopters reported at least one incident involving guarding in the first three weeks, of which only one was around the food bowl. By three months, those adopters reported no guarding behavior except one new occurrence of a dog guarding a rawhide was reported in the third month. For dog identified with food guarding, the return rate to the shelter was 5% and 9% for adult dogs not identified with guarding behavior. Adopters did not comply with at least one aspect of the program, so it is unclear why so little guarding was reported. The key finding is that dogs that guarded their food bowl in the shelter were not guarding their food in their new homes.

  2. Drinking behaviour in sows kept outdoors during the winter months

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Heidi Mai-Lis; Pedersen, Lene Juul

    2014-01-01

    -proof drinking bowl were used. Theindividual sow’s water intake from the drinking bowl was measured continuously fromsix days before farrowing until weaning at seven weeks after farrowing. Temperature ofsupplied water to each drinking bowl, air temperature and rainfall was measured contin-uously. Numbers of born...... alive, stillborn and weaned piglets were recorded. The recordingperiod was divided into two temperature categories; control days (CD) with daily averageair temperature at or above 0◦C and frosty days (FD) with daily average air temperaturebelow 0◦C. The FD included data from 22 days representing 11 sows......, while the remainingobservations were defined as CD. Average water uptake from six days before farrowinguntil four weeks after farrowing was higher on FD than CD (28.9 ± 0.8 vs. 23.1 ± 1.8 l/day,P

  3. Manglende sammenhaeng mellem praestationer i et virtuelt og i et virkeligt miljø

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Konge, Lars; Bitsch, Mikael

    2010-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Simulation-based training provides obvious benefits for patients and doctors in education. Frequently, virtual reality simulators are expensive and evidence for their efficacy is poor, particularly as a result of studies with poor methodology and few test participants. In medical...... simulated training- and evaluation programmes it is always a question of transfer to the real clinical world. To illustrate this problem a study comparing the test performance of persons on a bowling simulator with their performance in a real bowling alley was conducted. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty...... on the simulator (Pearson's r = 0.06). There was no significant difference between female and male abilities. CONCLUSION: Simulation-based testing and training must be based on evidence. More studies are needed to include an adequate number of subjects. Bowling competence should not be based on Nintendo Wii...

  4. Visual Enhancement for Sports Entertainment by Vision-Based Augmented Reality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hideo Saito

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents visually enhanced sports entertainment applications: AR Baseball Presentation System and Interactive AR Bowling System. We utilize vision-based augmented reality for getting immersive feeling. First application is an observation system of a virtual baseball game on the tabletop. 3D virtual players are playing a game on a real baseball field model, so that users can observe the game from favorite view points through a handheld monitor with a web camera. Second application is a bowling system which allows users to roll a real ball down a real bowling lane model on the tabletop and knock down virtual pins. The users watch the virtual pins through the monitor. The lane and the ball are also tracked by vision-based tracking. In those applications, we utilize multiple 2D markers distributed at arbitrary positions and directions. Even though the geometrical relationship among the markers is unknown, we can track the camera in very wide area.

  5. Accelerometery and Heart Rate Responses of Professional Fast-Medium Bowlers in One-Day and Multi-Day Cricket

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnstone, James A.; Hughes, Gerwyn; Mitchell, Andrew C.; Ford, Paul A.; Watson, Tim; Duffield, Rob; Gordon, Dan; Roberts, Justin D.; Garrett, Andrew T.

    2017-01-01

    The physical demands of fast-medium bowling are increasingly being recognised, yet comparative exploration of the differing demands between competitive formats (i.e. one-day [OD] versus multi-day [MD] matches) remain minimal. The aim of this study was to describe in-match physiological profiles of professional fast-medium bowlers from England across different versions of competitive matches using a multivariable wearable monitoring device. Seven professional cricket fast-medium bowlers wore the BioharnessTM monitoring device during matches, over three seasons (>80 hours in-match). Heart Rate (HR) and Acceleromety (ACC) was compared across match types (OD, MD) and different in-match activity states (Bowling, Between over bowling, Fielding). Peak acceleration during OD bowling was significantly higher in comparison to MD cricket ([OD vs. MD] 234.1 ± 57.9 vs 226.6 ± 32.9 ct·episode-1, p technology and the findings provided give a valuable appreciation of the differences in match loads, and thus required physiological preparation and recovery in fast-medium bowlers. Key points One Day cricket has a greater overall physical strain on fast-medium bowlers providing shorter time for recovery between bowling episodes in comparison to Multi Day format. Wearable physiological monitoring technology can provide enhanced in-match workload monitoring replacing the need for simulated match-play environments. Adopting a standard global approach when defining bowling and between over episodes has been provided permitting comparative analysis to occur between teams/players enhancing coaches understanding of performance. PMID:28912647

  6. PEMBINAAN PENGERAJIN BOKOR ALUMINIUM DI DESA MENYALI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I NYOMAN GDE ANTARA, dkk.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Alluminium bowl craft industrial center is located in Menyali village Sawan district Buleleng regency of Bali province. In this business development, they faced some problems such as increasingly expensive alluminium plate raw materials, decreasing selling product prices due to competition among craftsmen, difficulty in extending the marketing, lack of capital, lack of knowledge in business management, and lack of technical capacity and production innovation. Currently the organization has been formed aluminum bowl craftsmen groups, they are “Sumber Urip” and “Sumur Jaya”. This organization is still limited to tradisional associations such as a community organization, has not led to organize in a micro-enterprise or cooperation. Their organization management should not be arranged. Therefore, they need helps from the government and other institutions to build this bowl craftsmen in developing their businesses through a group of micro-enterprises or cooperations. Wishly, with formal business entity that would facilitate access to a variety of coaching and help governments andother institutions. From the SWOT analysis, it is found some problems and solutions that should be done. Alluminium bowl craftsmen groups, named “Sumber Urip” and “Sumur Jaya” is not in the form of business entity or cooperation yet, so that the results of coaching have agreed to form a cooperation. Venture capital assistance for the development and production are still needed and to be an absolute given, but a way to market more absolute yield is given, through participation in various events exhibition to introduce the product is expected to expandits market share up to overseas or exports. In the production process it has been introduced that is appropriate technology for instant a rolling tool to make a wiring groove on the outside of the bowl, so that it will simplify and speed up the process, especially by aged mothers.Keywords: aluminium bowl, Menyali

  7. (αR,4R,4aR,6aS,7R,8S,10R,11S-Methyl α-acetoxy-4-(3-furanyl-10-hydroxy-4a,7,9,9-tetramethyl-2,13-dioxo-1,4,4a,5,6,6a,7,8,9,10,11,12-dodecahydro-7,11-methano-2H-cycloocta[f][2]benzopyran-8-acetate (6-O-acetylswietenolide from the seeds of Swietenia macrophylla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bey Hing Goh

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The molecule of O-acetylswietenolide, C29H36O9, isolated from the seeds of Swietenia macrophylla, features four six-membered rings connected together in the shape of a bowl; one of the inner rings adopts a twisted chair conformation owing to the C=C double bond. The furyl substitutent is connected to an outer ring, and it points away from the bowl cavity. The hydroxy group is connected to a carbonyl O atom of an adjacent molecule by an O—H...O hydrogen bond, generating a chain running along the b axis.

  8. Pet Food Palatability Evaluation: A Review of Standard Assay Techniques and Interpretation of Results with a Primary Focus on Limitations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aldrich, Gregory C; Koppel, Kadri

    2015-01-16

    The pet food industry continues to grow steadily as a result of new innovative products. Quality control and product development tests for pet foods are typically conducted through palatability testing with dogs and cats. Palatability is the measure of intake of a food that indicates acceptance or the measure of preference of one food over another. Pet food palatability is most commonly measured using a single-bowl or a two-bowl assay. While these tests answer some questions about the animals' perception of the food, there are many limitations as well. This review addresses some of these limitations and indicates opportunities for future research.

  9. Manglende sammenhaeng mellem praestationer i et virtuelt og i et virkeligt miljø

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Konge, Lars; Bitsch, Mikael

    2010-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Simulation-based training provides obvious benefits for patients and doctors in education. Frequently, virtual reality simulators are expensive and evidence for their efficacy is poor, particularly as a result of studies with poor methodology and few test participants. In medical......-five test subjects played two rounds of bowling on a Nintendo Wii and 25 days later on a real bowling alley. Correlations of the scores in the first and second round (test-retest-reliability) and of the scores on the simulator and in reality (criterion validation) were studied and there was tested for any...

  10. 47 CFR 76.53 - Reference points.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Carriage of Television Broadcast Signals § 76.53 Reference points. The...°41′30″ 97°20′16″ Kentucky: Ashland 38°28′36″ 82°38′23″ Bowling Green 36°59′41″ 86°26′33″ Covington 39...°19′38″ 82°06′09″ Bowling Green 41°22′37″ 83°39′03″ Canton 40°47′50″ 81°22′37″ Cincinnati 39°06′07″ 84...

  11. Stable high-order molecular sandwiches: Hydrocarbon polyanion pairs with multiple lithium ions inside and out

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ayalon, A.; Rabinovitz, M. (Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem (Israel)); Sygula, A.; Rabideau, P.W. (Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)); Cheng, P.C.; Scott, L.T. (Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA (United States))

    1994-08-19

    Stable ten-component sandwich compounds have been characterized in which four lithium ions reside between two tetraanions derived from corannulene or its alkyl-substituted derivatives and four additional lithium ions decorate the exterior. In tetrahydrofuran solution, the four lithium ions inside the sandwich can exchange environments with the four external lithium atoms, but the two tetraanion decks of the sandwich never separate from one another on the time scale of nuclear magnetic resonance. Theoretical calculations point to a [open quotes]stacked bowl[close quotes] conformation and a low energy barrier for synchronous double inversion of the tetraanion bowls in the solvated sandwich compounds.

  12. Life history and population dynamics of an estuarine amphipod, Eriopisa chilkensis Chilton (Gammaridae)

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Aravind, N.P.; Sheeba, P.; Nair, K.K.C.; Achuthankutty, C.T.

    (Figure 1) using a van Veen grab (0.048 m2 mouth area) and transported to the laboratory along with the sediments. In the laboratory, individuals of E. chilkensis were sorted out and kept in tanks of the recirculating system for one month, to acclimatize... strands of dried algal matter were added to each bowl as food for the animals. These bowls were labelled for later identification. Individuals of 3 categories were studied: - juveniles, males and females. The set of individuals released from a brood...

  13. United States Air Force Summer Research Program - 1993 Summer Research Extension Program Final Reports, Volume 4A, Wright Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-11-01

    Rod Hughes and Daytime Sleep Psychology Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH AL/CF 9 A New Protocol for Studying Carotid Baroreceptor...variable. The stress in the compressed target is given by S = PU VW for u( =0 (11) = Pfo (12) -PTM’= (13) Pr VWIT / 2 -2 (14) Gr= C~. = V F where Um...accomplished. For a solid body, the radius of gyration can be computed from a knowledge of the center of mass location and the integral moments of inertia

  14. Extrinsic and intrinsic factors associated with non-contact injury in adult pace bowlers: a systematic review protocol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olivier, Benita; Stewart, Aimee; Taljaard, Tracy; Burger, Elaine; Brukner, Peter; Orchard, John; Gray, Janine; Botha, Nadine; Mckinon, Warrick

    2015-01-01

    Review question: which extrinsic and intrinsic factors are associated with non-contact injury in adult cricket pace bowlers?Review objective: the objective of this review is to determine the extrinsic and intrinsic factors associated with non-contact injury in adult pace bowlers. Cricket is generally considered to be a sport of low injury risk compared to other sports. In cricket, the pace bowler strives towards the adoption of a bowling technique with a relatively low injury threat that will, at the same time, allow for a fast (>120km/hr) and accurate delivery to the opposing batsman. However, of all the various roles of the cricket player, the pace bowler has the highest risk of injury, especially for low back and lower limb (lower quarter) injury. The reason for this high risk of injury is due to the inherent, high-load biomechanical nature of the pace bowling action. The high prevalence of injury amongst pace bowlers highlights the great need for research into factors associated with injury.Both extrinsic and intrinsic factors work in combination to predispose the bowler to injury. Extrinsic or environment-related factors include bowling workload (the numbers of overs a bowler bowls), player position (first, second or third change) and time of play (morning or afternoon). A high bowling workload has been linked with a higher risk of injury in pace bowlers. Foster et al. found in an observational study that bowling too many overs in a single spell or bowling too many spells may increase the pace bowler's risk of sustaining a low back injury. In another observational study, Dennis et al. found that an exceptionally high bowling workload as well as an uncommonly low bowling workload is associated with injury risk. The major extrinsic factors for bowling injury identified by Orchard et al. are a high number of match overs bowled in the previous week, number of days of play and bowling second (batting first) in a match. Extrinsic factors are known to make the bowler

  15. Le contrat documentaire chez Michael Moore : de l'info-argument vers l'info-tainment

    OpenAIRE

    Lipson, David

    2015-01-01

    Michael Moore is a cultural icon in the United States. The mere mention of his name evokes polemics, political protest but also blockbuster documentary films (The Academy award winning Bowling For Columbine and Fahrenheit 9/11 which won the Palme d’Or at Cannes). The six films of this corpus—Roger & Me (1989), The Big One (1998), Bowling For Columbine (2002), Fahrenheit 9/11 (2004), Sicko (2007) and Captain Mike Across America (Slacker Uprising) (2008)—, are problematic in three ways: the dis...

  16. Investigation of average daily water consumption and its impact on ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Twenty five (25) common buzzards were studied at the wildlife hospital and rehabilitation centre, Aegina, Greece with weight ranging between 498.4g and 911g. Large quantity of potable water was measured equally into same size ceramic bowls and served each bird under study in separate individual paper boxes.

  17. Assessment of Leaching of some Heavy Metals from Domestic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The aim of this study is to assess the possible leaching of heavy metals from ceramic wares into different solutions. Ceramic spoon, pot, soup bowl, plate, mug and cup were leached in batch process using hot water and 4 % solutions of glacial acetic acid, HCl acid, NaOH and Na2CO3 respectively. Chromium, manganese ...

  18. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof. Dennis Ocholla

    Green bowling, is well known in many circles of life as the sport of the aged, also known colloquially among. African urban communities as (Umdlalo womagrizza) ... passive recreation activity, it emerged from Figure 4 above that watching television (247 f = 95.1%) and radio listening. (129 f = 49.6%) were the most preferred ...

  19. BCS or Just BS: How College Football Could Crown the Wrong National Champion? Just Do the Math--Correctly!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teasley, C.E. Wynn; Hornyak, Martin

    2010-01-01

    The 2009 college football season is here, but there has been a continuing controversy swirling over how the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) selects its national champion. College football uses a multi-criterion decision matrix (MCDM) evaluation technique to determine which two teams will play for the national championship. We analyzed the BCS…

  20. 78 FR 6730 - Safety Zone; Woldenburg Park, Mississippi River, New Orleans, LA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-31

    ... Purpose The 2013 National Football League Super Bowl in New Orleans, Louisiana will occur on February 3... Woldenburg Park and other Mississippi River riverfront locations before, during, and after the football game... comments from the Small Business Administration on this rule. The Coast Guard certifies under 5 U.S.C. 605...

  1. SpaceCRAF: A Civil Reserve Air Fleet for Space-Based Capabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-01

    harsher scrutiny. The gusher has been turned off, and will stay off for a good period of time . . . . it‟s a simple matter of math .”1 Echoing these...in some cases might include a basketball tournament or the Super Bowl. The commercial carriers would continue to operate and maintain the spacecraft

  2. 16 CFR 0.19 - The Regional Offices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... responsibility for investigational, trial, compliance, and consumer educational activities as delegated by the... Island, Vermont, and Puerto Rico. Federal Trade Commission, One Bowling Green, Suite 318, New York, New... conferences with attorneys, consumers, and other members of the public on matters relating to the Commission's...

  3. National Adult Physical Fitness Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports Newsletter, 1973

    1973-01-01

    This report of a personal interview research survey conducted for the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports in 1972 presents the following findings: (a) 45 percent of all adult Americans do not engage in any form of exercise; (b) walking is the most popular form of exercise, followed by bicycle riding, swimming, calisthenics, bowling,…

  4. Transition to farming more likely for small, conservative groups with property rights, but increased productivity is not essential.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallagher, Elizabeth M; Shennan, Stephen J; Thomas, Mark G

    2015-11-17

    Theories for the origins of agriculture are still debated, with a range of different explanations offered. Computational models can be used to test these theories and explore new hypotheses; Bowles and Choi [Bowles S, Choi J-K (2013) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 110(22):8830-8835] have developed one such model. Their model shows the coevolution of farming and farming-friendly property rights, and by including climate variability, replicates the timings for the emergence of these events seen in the archaeological record. Because the processes modeled occurred a long time ago, it can be difficult to justify exact parameter values; hence, we propose a fitting to idealized outcomes (FIO) method to explore the model's parameter space in more detail. We have replicated the model of Bowles and Choi, and used the FIO method to identify complexities and interactions of the model previously unidentified. Our results indicate that the key parameters for the emergence of farming are group structuring, group size, conservatism, and farming-friendly property rights (lending further support to Bowles and Choi's original proposal). We also find that although advantageous, it is not essential that farming productivity be greater than foraging productivity for farming to emerge. In addition, we highlight how model behaviors can be missed when gauging parameter sensitivity via a fix-all-but-one variation approach.

  5. Black Football Coaches in Their Own Words: A Case Study on the Factors of Underrepresentation in the NCAA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grissett, Michael

    2017-01-01

    The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) maintains a prominent role in the athletic tradition of this country, yet researchers agree that some of its member institutions have exhibited bias with respect to race and gender. With respect to Black males in the football bowl subdivision (FBS), the head coach to player ratio is…

  6. 76 FR 41691 - Safety Zone; BGSU Football Gridiron Classic Golf and Dinner Fireworks, Catawba Island Club, Port...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-15

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; BGSU Football Gridiron Classic Golf and... Lake Erie during the BGSU Football Gridiron Classic Golf and Dinner Fireworks. This temporary safety..., Bowling Green State University will hold its BGSU Football Gridiron Classic Golf and Dinner Fireworks, a...

  7. High-Level Football and Appropriations to Universities: Are Sports-Crazed Representatives Responsive to NCAA Divisional Affiliation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Willis A.

    2015-01-01

    Does fielding a Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) program help an institution of higher education obtain aid in the form of state appropriations? Two published studies have found some evidence of a positive correlation between having an FBS-level football program and the amount of appropriations received by public universities. This study looked to…

  8. Sports, Physical Activity and Recreation in Early American History.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballou, Ralph B.

    Sports and physical recreation activities have been part of American life since the days of the early settlers. Although the settlers were faced with problems of survival, accounts of life in the colonies in the 1600's carry mention of bowling in the streets, play with bows and arrows, and ice skating. Other activities to gain popularity before…

  9. Eastern desert ware : traces of the inhabitants of the eastern desert in Egypt and Sudan during the 4th-6th centuries CE

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Barnard, Hans

    2008-01-01

    Several sites in the desert between the Nile and the Red Sea, in Egypt and Sudan, as well as in the Nubian Nile Valley have produced the sherds of decorated hand-made cups and bowls, now identified as Eastern Desert Ware (EDW). Because of their small number and enigmatic origin these sherds have

  10. Using random matrix theory to determine the number of endmembers in a hyperspectral image

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Cawse, K

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available sensing, vol. 17(9), pp. 1623–1632, 1996. [4] D. Gillis, J. Bowles, E.J. Ientilucci, D.W. Messinger, “A generalised linear mixing model for hyperspectral im- agery,” Proc. of SPIE, vol. 6966, pp. 1–11, 2008. [5] C-C. Wu, W. Liu, C-I. Chang...

  11. Kas sugu on läbirääkimistel tähtis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Ülevaade Harvard Business Schooli uudiskirja Working Knowledge 2006. aasta veebruari numbris ilmunud Dina W. Pradel'i, Hannah Riley Bowles'i ja Kathleen L. McGinn'i artiklist inimese soo mõjust läbirääkimistele

  12. Folate deficiency in women of reproductive age in nine ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2009-10-13

    Oct 13, 2009 ... Health and Nutrition Research Institute, Ethiopia c School of Family and Consumer Sciences, Bowling Green State University, United States of America. Correspondence to: Prof Rebecca Pobocik, e-mail: pobocik@bgsu.edu. Keywords: folate deficiency; Ethiopia; women; iron deficiency. Folate deficiency in ...

  13. 76 FR 14063 - Notice of Inventory Completion: University of Colorado Museum, Boulder, CO

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-15

    ... archeological Native American diet. The remains may have been removed from the Gila National Forest or the Gila... evidence, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, deferred NAGPRA compliance responsibility to... funerary objects are a ceramic bowl, a ceramic jar, and one lot of stone flakes. The ceramic jar contains...

  14. Selecting a limited overs cricket squad using an integer ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    An integer programming model was developed to select an one day international (ODI) cricket squad of 15 players. To develop the method, batting, bowling and fielding ability, which are measured differently, had to be placed onto the same scale, so an ability-indexing technique was used. This paper describes the ...

  15. Going for the Intrinsic Gold: A Collaborative Quizbowl Quest to Motivate Students and to Showcase Business Law Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benson, Sandra S.

    2009-01-01

    Corporate trainers and business leaders recognize the importance of competition and the importance of motivating employees to connect with the company's mission. Instructors in many business disciplines have included games, simulations, and contests in their courses. The QuizBowl Quest is designed to apply established motivation and active…

  16. Computer Exercises in Meteorology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trapasso, L. Michael; Conner, Glen; Stallins, Keith

    Beginning with Western Kentucky University's (Bowling Green) fall 1999 semester, exercises required for the geography and meteorology course used computers for learning. This course enrolls about 250 students per year, most of whom choose it to fulfill a general education requirement. Of the 185 geography majors, it is required for those who…

  17. 77 FR 49921 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-17

    ..., behavioral disturbance, and, at least in theory, temporary or permanent hearing impairment or non-auditory... (and much ship traffic) in that area for decades (Appendix A in Malme et al., 1984; Richardson et al... to pulses from a very distant seismic ship (Bowles et al., 1994). However, more recent studies of...

  18. 76 FR 57959 - Takes of Marine Mammals Incidental to Specified Activities; Marine Geophysical Survey in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-19

    ... detailed structure of the oceanic lithosphere and to develop a comprehensive theory on its formation and... of the ship. The transmitting beamwidth is one or two degrees ( ) fore-aft and 150 athwartship and... seismic ship (Bowles et al., 1994). However, more recent studies found that they continued calling in the...

  19. Learning across Borders--Chinese Migrant Literature and Intercultural Chinese Language Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yongyang

    2014-01-01

    Chinese migrants have been a rich source of influential international literature, represented by key works such as "Eat a Bowl of Tea" by Louis Chu in 1961 and "The Joy Luck Club" by Amy Tan in 1989. Cultural differences and conflicts, stereotypes and other complex issues regarding the diasporic lives of the Chinese sojourners…

  20. Classroom

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    CLASSROOM relate, for comparison, a school experience. There is an experi- ment in textbooks about measuring the percentage of oxygen in air. What the textbook prescribes is this: take a bowl with a little water, light a candle at the centre and then place an inverted glass over it. Soon the flame gets extinguished and ...

  1. A Survey of Mycobionts of Federally Threatened

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jyotsna Sharma; Lawrence W. Zettler; J. W. Van Sambeek

    2003-01-01

    Terrestrial orchids require mycobionts for critical nutritional support during germination and growth. Despite the importance of such fungi, little is known of their identity and ecological roles. In the United States, the destruction of midwestern prairie ecosystems has resulted in the decline of the native Platanthera praeclara Sheviak and Bowles...

  2. Types and frequency of udder shapes and abnormalities in West ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A total of 423 goats comprising 246 West African Dwarf and 177 Red Sokoto (RS) goats were involved in a study to determine and classify udder shapes and abnormalities in the two breeds of goats. Udder shapes found in WAD goats were funnel (0.4%), cylindrical (45.9) and bowl (53.7%). Teat shapes were funnel, bottle ...

  3. Columbine Author Speaks at Conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, Andrea J.

    2004-01-01

    Brooks Brown, the author of No Easy Answers: The Truth Behind Death at Columbine High School, spoke at the 11th annual Reclaiming Youth International No Disposable Kids conference at Rushmore Plaza Holiday Inn. Brown, who worked with Michael Moore on his Academy Award winning documentary, "Bowling for Columbine," said the letters he…

  4. Beyond Radical Educational Cynicism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, George H.

    1982-01-01

    An alternative is presented to counter current radical arguments that the schools cannot bring about social change because they are instruments of capitalism. The works of Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis, and Louis Althusser are discussed. Henry Giroux's "Ideology, Culture and the Process of Schooling" provides an alternative to cynicism.…

  5. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Planning Human Resources for Health Care. johannesburg: University of the Witwatersrand, 1997. 6. Crisp N. Report on Phase 1: Human Resoura Policy for Health Care. Pretoria: South African. Medical Association, 1994. 7. ..... Elliott BC, Foster D. Fast bowling technique. In: Elliott BC, Foster D, Blanksby B, eds. Send the.

  6. The Effect of Recreational Activities on Self-Esteem Development of Girls in Adolescence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bayazit, Betül

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the effect of recreational activities on self-esteem development of girls in adolescence. For this purpose, a total of 20 girls in adolescence period took part in the present study. Recreational activities program included bowling, patenga, orienteering, basketball, volleyball, badminton, ping-pong, dance, fun…

  7. Adaptive Options for Growing Atriatry Rice in the Context of Climate ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    22 avr. 2016 ... Madagascar's Plain of Marovoay, the country's second rice bowl with some 15400 hectares of rice fields, is experiencing problems related to climate variability. The rainfall patterns on which rice production depends are changing. This case study explores options that local producers tested, such as using ...

  8. 76 FR 68819 - State of Good Repair Bus and Bus Facilities Discretionary Program Funds

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-07

    ...--New York, Administrator, Region 7--Kansas One Bowling Green, Room 429, New City, MO, 901 Locust Street... transportation bus fleet, infrastructure, and equipment in a state of good repair. Project Implementation..., Region 6--Ft. Kendall Square, 55 Broadway, Suite Worth, 819 Taylor Street, Room 920, Cambridge, MA 02142...

  9. 76 FR 17736 - Major Capital Investment Program-New Starts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-30

    ... Bowling Green, Room 429, New City, MO, 901 Locust Street, Room York, NY 10004-1415, Tel. 212-668- 404... that have made important investments in their transportation infrastructure. ] Furthermore, the advance..., Suite 819 Taylor Street, Room 8A36, Ft. 920, Cambridge, MA 02142-1093, Worth, TX 76102, Tel. 817-978...

  10. 75 FR 30100 - FY 2010 Discretionary Livability Funding Opportunity: Alternatives Analysis Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-28

    ... Bowling Green, Room 429, New City, MO, 901 Locust Street, York, NY 10004-1415,Tel. 212-668- Room 404... facilities that may facilitate mobility needs of transit users; or support other infrastructure investments... Worth, 819 Taylor Street, Room 920, Cambridge, MA 02142-1093, Tel. 8A36, Ft. Worth, TX 76102, Tel. 617...

  11. 75 FR 74134 - State of Good Repair Bus and Bus Facilities Discretionary Program Funds

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-30

    ..., infrastructure, and equipment in a state of good repair. Grantees selected for competitive discretionary funding..., Cambridge, MA Worth, 819 Taylor Street, Room 02142-1093, Tel. 617-494-2055. 8A36, Ft. Worth, TX 76102, Tel... Mokhtee Ahmad, Regional Administrator, Region 2--New York, One Administrator, Region 7-- Bowling Green...

  12. Development and Evaluation of Organoleptic Quality and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Sensory evaluation. The crackers were placed in identical glass bowls coded in three digit numbers and presented to a panel of 60 students (20 university students aged 21 – 35 years and 40 primary school pupils aged 9 – 15 years). Panellists were requested to test each product, one at a time and rank them in terms of ...

  13. Observation: Leafy spurge control in western prairie fringed orchid habitat

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donald R. Kirby; Rodney G. Lym; John J. Sterling; Carolyn Hull Sieg

    2003-01-01

    The western prairie fringed orchid (Platanthera praeclara Sheviak and Bowles) is a threatened species of the tallgrass prairie. Invasion by leafy spurge (Euphorbiaes esula L.) is a serious threat to western prairie fringed orchid habitat. The obiectives of this study were to develop a herbicide treatment to control leafy spurge...

  14. Infantry Instructors’ Conference. 15-19 July 1963

    Science.gov (United States)

    1963-01-01

    the unit lacks agility and coordination. A corrective program would include supplementary activities such as grass drill, mass, games, and organized...such activity. The sports enjoying the greatest participation, in the order of their ma’gnitude, are swimming, bowling, softball, volleyball , and

  15. Plaadid / Valner Valme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valme, Valner, 1970-

    2003-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Hooverphonic "Jackie Cane", 8 Femmes "Bande Originale du Film", Bowling For Soup "Drunk Enough To Dance", Michel Godard "Castel del Monte", Tõnu Raadik "Kadunud maailma teedele", Billy Fury "Love Songs", Triskele "Lõuna-Eesti vaimulikud rahvalaulud", Missy Elliot "Under Construction"

  16. Vision-Based Autonomous Sensor-Tasking in Uncertain Adversarial Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-02

    filtering for geometric active contours. IEEE Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence , 29:1470–1475, 2007. This page contains no technical data...Abstraction in Reinforcement Learning. Artif . Intell., 112(1-2):181–211, 1999. [32] Umar Syed, Michael H. Bowling, and Robert E. Schapire. Apprenticeship

  17. Morphology of ring-mold craters within Occator crater

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krohn, K.; Jaumann, R.; Otto, K. A.; Stephan, K.; Wagner, R. J.; Tosi, F.; Zambon, F.; von der Gathen, I.; Roatsch, T.; Raymond, C. A.; Russell, C. T.

    2017-09-01

    We found different shapes of ring-mold craters within in the huge ice-rich Occator crater on Ceres. The craters contain either a central pit or bowl or a central peak. The ice-rich material of Occatoŕs crater floor is supposed to have caused the formation of ring-mold craters.

  18. The effects of attenuation and site on the spectra of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    weak zones in the form of morphotectonic knots in the Jubilee Hills. A 3D relief of Hyderabad mapped by Singh et al (2004) shows an undulating basinal structure with an average depth of about. 4km with the central part of Hyderabad gran- ite pluton forming a circular bowl-like depression encompassing the Jubilee Hills. 3.

  19. Supporting your child with weight loss

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Put ice cream at the back of the freezer and chips on a high shelf. Move the healthier foods to the front, at eye level. If your family snacks while watching TV, put a portion of the food in a bowl or on a plate for each person. It is easy to overeat ...

  20. Stop Tobacco in Restaurants: Fifth Grade Students STIR City Hall

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Ronald Vaughan

    2008-01-01

    This article discusses a campaign called STIR: Stop Tobacco in Restaurants, that was started by fourth and fifth grade students. The goal was to end smoking in public places, including restaurants, bowling alleys, sports bars, and pool halls. For two years they motivated their peers, coordinated an information campaign to urge kids and adults to…

  1. Unpacking the Hidden Efficacies of Learning in Productive Failure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hung, David; Chen, Victor; Lim, Seo Hong

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes a framework for learning where learners undergo experimentations with the phenomena at hand according to progressive and staged goals. Bowling is used as a case study in this paper. The premise for experimentations is that learners can experience hidden efficacies, including the formation of "bad habits." A distinction is made…

  2. 75 FR 1401 - Notice of Intent To Prepare a Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Baldwin Hills Crenshaw...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-11

    ... Assistance Grant (UDAG), Neighborhood Stabilization Program, and HOME Funds would be used for the... theater (3,100 seats), bowling alley and bars (totaling approximately 40,000 square feet), dance studio... alley and bars (totaling approximately 35,000 square feet), dance studio and fitness uses (totaling 70...

  3. Bird's the Word: By Raising Chicks, Students Study Animals in the Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barra, Paul A.

    2002-01-01

    Most biology students have the opportunity to look at protozoa under the microscopes or keep mealworms in a bowl. They may manipulate the heart rate of "Daphnia" or calculate the respiration of plants. They may even grow corn in the spring or keep fish and a small rodent or two. But once the class hamster grows testy from being awakened every…

  4. Synthesis and Characterization of Calixarene Tetraethers: An Exercise in Supramolecular Chemistry for the Undergraduate Organic Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Debbert, Stefan L.; Hoh, Bradley D.; Dulak, David J.

    2016-01-01

    In this experiment for an introductory undergraduate organic chemistry lab, students tetraalkylate tertbutylcalix[4]arene, a bowl-shaped macrocyclic oligophenol, and examine the supramolecular chemistry of the tetraether product by proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Complexation with a sodium ion reduces the conformational…

  5. 75 FR 44240 - Cancellation of Pesticides for Non-Payment of Year 2010 Registration Maintenance Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-28

    ... would be likely to cause significant impact on the availability of the pesticide for the use. The Agency... 000777-00027 Lysol Brand Disinfectant Aerosol Foam Deodorizing Cleaner 000777-00029 Lysol Liquid Disinfectant Toilet Bowl Cleaner 000777-00051 Lysol Brand Disinfectant Bathroom Cleaner for Basin Tub & Tile...

  6. The “Elbow-Way” to Proper Handwashing: A Device Improvised for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This often leads to contamination of the water from contact with the hands when this is used for routine handwashing. By improvising a plastic intravenous infusion bottle as soap dispenser, a longitudinal water tank with tap to deliver water, a hose-pipe connected to a plastic bowl on a table and a box containing clean towels ...

  7. Study Guide for TCT in Health and Physical Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullan, Marie R.

    This study guide is designed for those individuals preparing to take the Georgia Teacher Certification Test (TCT) in health and physical education. The test covers nine broad subareas: (1) health, body systems, disease; (2) tennis, handball, fencing, bowling, track, and recreational games; (3) development, hygiene, safety, nutrition; (4) softball,…

  8. Minimal changes in indirect markers of muscle damage after an ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The indoor pre-season fast bowling had no effect on maximal isometric strength and a minimal effect on other indirect markers. Keywords: Cricket; Eccentric; Creatine kinase; Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS); Injury. South African Journal for Research in Sport, Physical Education and Recreation, 2012, 34(2): 105- ...

  9. Optical Properties of Aeolian Dusts Common to West Texas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Both recent models and historical events such as the Dust Bowl and volcanic eruptions have illustrated aerosols can play a significant role in climate change through direct and indirect optical effects. Soil dust aerosols generated by Aeolian processes represent a significant fraction of the total ...

  10. DoD Science and Engineering Apprenticeship Program for High-School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-06-01

    Mu Alpha Theta for Computers, Calculus, Integral Calculus, and Precalculus ; 1994 Georgia Tech Distinguished Math Scholar; Captain of First Place...Computers. Calr.uIns. TntPg^i Painii»«. and Precalculus ; 1994 Georgia Tech Distinguished Math Scholar;.Captain of.First.Place Brain Bowl

  11. Keep Food and Water Safe After a Disaster or Power Outage

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of water: Water from your home’s water heater tank (part of your drinking water system, not your home heating system) Melted ice cubes made with water that was not contaminated Water from your home’s toilet tank (not from the bowl), if it is clear ...

  12. [Psychic disorders and gastrointestinal pathology. Part 2].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolesnikov, D B; Rapoport, S I; Voznesenskaia, L A

    2010-01-01

    The problem of nosological forms of somatic diseases associated with psychic disorders is discussed as exemplified by gastrointestinal pathology (duodenal ulcer, ulcerative colitis, irritated bowl syndrome). Implication of such diseases provides a basis for regarding certain pathological conditions as specific clinical variants in which somatic and psychic constituents are integrated into a single morbid complex.

  13. The Role of Neuropeptide Y (NPY) In Uncontrolled Alcohol Drinking and Relapse Behavior Resulting From Exposure to Stressful Events

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-11-01

    like drinking in mice. So what does this mean? These results have important i mplications for p ossible ph armacological m edical treatment o f s...Chapel Hill, NC, USA ‡Department of Neurociencia y Ciencias de la Salud , Almeria, Spain §Bowles Center for Alcohol Studies, University of North

  14. INCIDENCE AND NATURE OF EPIDEMIOLOGICAL INJURIES TO ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cent of the lower-limb injuries were muscle and ligament injuries caused while batsmen were running between the wickets. Of these injuries 74% occurred during matches, 21% during practices .and 5% during both matches and practices. Of the serious injuries, 42% occurred while batting, 33% while bowling, 19% while ...

  15. 78 FR 20832 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products and Certain Commercial and Industrial Equipment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-08

    ... specific instructions regarding the adjustments made to the tank water level. Based on these findings, DOE...'s water level. However, DOE found that few manufacturers provide information on the recommended... operate. 77 FR at 31748 (May 30, 2012). In other words, by certifying a given pairing of water closet bowl...

  16. Human Deception Detection from Whole Body Motion Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    Pablo Avenue PO Box 1304 El Cerrito, CA 94530 Adam M. Fullenkamp C. Matthew Laurent Bowling Green State University C119 Eppler Complex 1001 E...Avenue C119 Eppler Complex PO Box 1304 1001 E. Wooster Street El Cerrito, CA 94530...motion is slow and fluid with simple oscillations, or jittery and nervous with higher frequency of oscillation. The principal objective in observing

  17. Morphologic features of focal choroidal excavation on spectral domain optical coherence tomography with simultaneous angiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shinojima, Ari; Kawamura, Akiyuki; Mori, Ryusaburo; Yuzawa, Mitsuko

    2014-07-01

    To reveal clinically relevant morphologic findings in patients with focal choroidal excavation (FCE) using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography. Thirty-one FCE lesions in 29 eyes of 26 patients (21 men, 23 eyes; 5 women, 6 eyes) were studies. In all 26 patients, color fundus photographs were obtained, and fluorescein angiography and indocyanine green angiography with simultaneous enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography were performed. Twenty-five eyes also underwent angiographic video recording. Focal choroidal excavation was detected in eyes with typical age-related macular degeneration, central serous chorioretinopathy, polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy, and idiopathic choroidal neovascularization, whereas in 8 eyes, FCE was considered to be idiopathic. Morphologically, FCE lesions were classified into 3 types: cone-shaped, bowl-shaped, and mixed. The cone-shaped type was detected in 17 lesions, bowl-shaped in 8, and mixed in 6, on optical coherence tomography findings. All bowl-shaped and mixed types had retinal pigment epithelial irregularities within the FCE lesion. The cone-shaped type was not observed in eyes with typical age-related macular degeneration. Morphologically, FCE lesions were classified into cone-shaped, bowl-shaped, and mixed types, based on optical coherence tomography findings. Focal choroidal excavation formation may be associated in part with chorioretinal diseases such as age-related macular degeneration and central serous chorioretinopathy, whereas some eyes are considered to have idiopathic FCE.

  18. On the Richness of Grammar as an Analytical Lens in the Integrated Language Arts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massey, Lance

    2011-01-01

    As a teacher of Bowling Green State University's English 3810, Grammar and Writing, the author is charged with teaching future language arts teachers how to teach grammar so that it actually helps their students become better writers and communicators. Because such teaching rejects the ineffective but time-honored drill-it-and-kill-it approach, in…

  19. Resonance – Journal of Science Education | Indian Academy of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Systems and Control Engineering - Basic Concepts of Systems · A Rama Kalyan J R Vengateswaran · More Details Fulltext PDF. pp 53-61 General Article. Names of the Heavier Elements · Jitendra K Bera · More Details Fulltext PDF. pp 62-70 Feature Article. Nature Watch - Rice Bowl in Turmoil: The Kuttanad Wetland ...

  20. TRADOC Community and Family Activities Fiscal Year 1993 Annual Report. Meeting the Challenges of a Changing Army

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    During preliminari analysis durngn the la ~t quarter of FV 93. it is apparent that installation leaders are well aware of the need to control...Bowling Center Renovation, and Fort Sill LETRA Recreational Facility. CP__C Budget Execution TRADOC has submitted If projects for the FY 95 program. Ten

  1. H Surya Prakash Rao

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education. H Surya Prakash Rao. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 3 Issue 11 November 1998 pp 82-86 Feature Article. Molecule of the Month - Corannulene – A Bucky Bowl · H Surya Prakash Rao · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 8 ...

  2. Trends in participation sports during the decade of the 70's

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robert J. Halstenrud

    1980-01-01

    Five nationwide surveys to determine participation in popular sports have been conducted since 1970. These, plus subsequent ones in the 1980's, will be useful to advertising agencies, the sporting goods industry and government planners. Swimming, bicycling, camping, fishing, and bowling have consistently held the top five spots. Jogging and tennis have recently...

  3. State Defense Force Monograph Series: Mission Growth of the SDF from the Cold War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    inflatable mattresses, bed-rolls, blankets, pillows; food to include a variety of nutritious liquids and solids, disposable plates, bowls, cups and...or require troops to meet such standards. If the bar is set low and troops are below par, only leadership is at fault since leadership sets the

  4. Proximity and Visibility of Fruits and Vegetables Influence Intake in a Kitchen Setting among College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Privitera, Gregory J.; Creary, Heather E.

    2013-01-01

    The hypothesis that participants will eat more fruits (apple slices) and vegetables (carrot cuts) if they are made more proximate and visible was tested using a 2 × 2 between-participants design. Proximity was manipulated by placing fruits and vegetables in a bowl at a table where participants sat (near) or 2 m from the table (far). Visibility was…

  5. Upgrading Classroom Management through the Toledo Partnership Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, Crystal; And Others

    The Toledo Partnership Committee for Teaching, created to improve teaching and preservice teacher education, includes representatives from Bowling Green State University, the University of Toledo, the Toledo Federation of Teachers, the Toledo Association of Administrative Personnel, the Toledo Public Schools, and the Toledo Catholic Schools…

  6. Influence of 4-H Horse Project Involvement on Development of Life Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, K. P.; Karr-Lilienthal, L.

    2011-01-01

    Four-H horse project members who competed in non-riding horse contests were surveyed to evaluate the influence of their horse project participation on life-skill development. Contests in which youth competed included Horse Bowl, Demonstrations, Public Speaking, and Art. Youth indicated a positive influence on both life-skill development and horse…

  7. INCIDENCE AND NATURE OF EPIDEMIOLOGICAL INJURIES TO ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cricket has traditionally been regarded as a sport that is relatively injury-free, although it has been ... to over-use injuries as a result of repetitive training for a sport that is placing greater physical demands on the ..... Australia Press. 9. Bartlett RM, Stockhill NP. Elliott BC, Bumetl AF, The biomechanics of fast bowling in men's.

  8. Language Development among Immigrant Students from the Perspectives of Two Different Assimilated Instructors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porras, Dehlly; Matthews, Robert

    2009-01-01

    The authors present two experiences of assimilation, "melting-pot" and "salad-bowl" processes, their connections to the WASP framework of skin color, language, and religion, and their influences in the classroom. They focus on how fluency in the English language is the dominant assimilation factor for immigrant students and share their experiences…

  9. Adaptive Flow Control for Enabling Quality of Service in Tactical Ad Hoc Wireless Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    to the approach involves revelers at a Super Bowl party watch- ing a critical play in the football game. If bandwidth to transmit a high definition...CMU/SEI-2010-TR-030 | 63 [McKenney 1990] McKenney, P. E. “ Stochastic fairness queueing,” 733-740 vol. 2. Proceedings of the 9th Annual

  10. Institutional Branding: A Content Analysis of Public Service Announcements from American Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clayton, Michael J.; Cavanagh, Kevin V.; Hettche, Matt

    2012-01-01

    American universities receive millions of dollars worth of media exposure every year via Public Service Announcements (PSAs) broadcast during their respective school's athletic competitions. This research explores the message strategies and executional devices used by NCAA FBS (National Collegiate Athletic Association Football Bowl Subdivision)…

  11. Athletics, Applications, & Yields: The Relationship between Successful College Football and Institutional Attractiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Willis A.

    2009-01-01

    This study examines the impact of fielding a successful college football team on institutional popularity using a dependent variable (admissions yield) and an independent variable (bowl game television rating) which have been unexamined in previous research on this topic. The findings suggest that college football success is correlated with a…

  12. The Mattis Way of War: An Examination of Operational Art in Task Force 58 and 1st Marine Division

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-12

    United States Army intelligence in South Africa. Growing up, his family never had a television , but had a rather extensive library. He has never......Mattis uses a football analogy to highlight this. A football team would never be sent to play in the Super Bowl with an adhoc assortment of players

  13. On Launching into Exigency Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Michael A.

    1978-01-01

    Faculty engaged in long-range planning for financial exigency, including the making of plans for faculty lay-off contingencies, must be aware of several problem areas arising from attitudes, assumptions, and intergroup relationships. Such problems and their implications are discussed, based on experiences at Bowling Green State University.…

  14. 75 FR 32221 - Notice of Determinations Regarding Eligibility To Apply for Worker Adjustment Assistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-07

    ... Green Hose Fluids Division, Bowling Green, OH: November 2, 2008. TA-W-73,054: Spirit AeroSystems, Inc..., Finance Shared Service Center, Nationwide Life Company, Grove City, OH: February 10, 2009. TA-W-73,477A..., Finance Division, Wichita, KS: February 15, 2009. TA-W-73,575: Springs Window Fashions, LLC, Leased...

  15. Bringing It All Back Home: Insourcing What You Do Well.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobb, Linda S.

    1998-01-01

    Examines how an academic library (Bowling Green State University) "insourced" (retaining services/providing services for others) operations such as photocopying, snack vending, library science education, management of a book depository, and cataloging for another institution. Includes examples of unsuccessful attempts to insource. (PEN)

  16. Service vs. Revenue: Conflict or Convergence?

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeBard, Robert; Overland, Wanda I.

    2003-01-01

    Discusses how administrators at Bowling Green State University, Ohio, worked to reconcile politics, economics, and today's consumer-oriented students as it renovated the student union, suggesting that a central issue for those responsible for determining services to be provided by student centers is what can best be outsourced and what can be kept…

  17. Modular Achievement Program Financial Evaluation, 1972-73.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cappuzzello, Paul G.; Giardina, Richard C.

    This cost study of the Modular Achievement Program at Bowling Green State University indicates expenditures for the 1972-73 academic year according to the state auditor's budgetary system for state universities of Ohio. Following an overview of the financial situation, emphasis is placed on indirect university contributions, instructional cost,…

  18. 75 FR 10324 - Investigations Regarding Certifications of Eligibility To Apply for Worker Adjustment Assistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-05

    ... 01/29/10 (State). 73409 Sumitomo Electric Wiring Bowling Green, KY...... 02/03/10 02/02/10 Systems...). 73411 MAPA Spontex (Union)........ Columbia, TN 02/03/10 02/02/10 73412 Alcan Cable (Comp) Roseburg, OR...

  19. Answers for Case Report 1

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Acetylcholine is the neurotransmitter at neuromuscular junc- tions, pardSfmpathetic nerve endings, autonomic ganglia ... uously drooling and spitting out large quantities of saliva into a bowl or onto the bed should ring a mental ... The incidence increases with age, but the dis- ease may occur at any age. From the evidence ...

  20. Reliability and concurrent validity of an alternative method of lateral ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Cricket bowling involves combined spinal movements of side bending and rotation and, consequently, injury to the low back is a common problem. Therefore the assessment of lumbar spine kinematics has become a routine component in preseason screening. This includes static measurement of lateral spinal ...

  1. Stabilite non-lineaire en regime transitoire du processus thermo ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This stuff very valued in West Africa is obtained through the transfer of heat in an anisotropic porous medium saturated by a viscoélastic fluid. In fact,“ablo-yoki” is baked in a rectangular cavity filled up with cassava dough bowls obtained after peeling, washing and grating it. This past constitute an anisotropic porous médium ...

  2. Transport system

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Drenth, K.F.

    1999-01-01

    The transport system comprises at least one road surface (2) and at least one vehicle (4) on wheels (6). The road surface (2) has a substantially bowl-shaped cross section and the vehicle (4) is designed so that the wheels (6) run directly on the road surface (2) while the road surface (2) acts as a

  3. Using Technology and Community Partnerships to Improve Educator Preparation: Changing the Landscape for Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lierheimer, Kristin S.; Murray, Mary M.; Wooldridge, Deborah G.; Smith, Sheila

    This chapter describes how an institution of higher education, Bowling Green State University (BGSU), partnered with the Ohio Center for Autism and Low Incidence (OCALI), a quasi-governmental agency, to meet the training needs of the local, state, national, and international community by providing an online autism spectrum disorders (ASD)…

  4. Western Pairie Fringed Orchid: Its Status, Ecology, and in Vitro Propagation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jyotsna Sharma; J. W. Van Sambeek; Christopher J. Starbuck

    2002-01-01

    Western prairie fringed orchid (Platanthera praeclara Sheviak and Bowles), listed in 1989 as federally threatened, has been extirpated from 75% of historic sites throughout its range. We describe (a) threats to the orchid; (b) seed germination on synthetic medium; and (c) in vitro germination with mycorrhizal fungi. Destruction of prairies for...

  5. Is Grammar Instruction Beneficial for Heritage Language Learners? Dative Case Marking in Spanish

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montrul, Silvina; Bowles, Melissa

    2010-01-01

    Spanish heritage speakers have been shown to have incomplete knowledge of dative case marking with both animate direct objects (also known as differential object marking (DOM) or "a-personal") and dative experiencers with "gustar"-psych verbs in oral and written modes (Montrul, 2004; Montrul & Bowles, in press). In general, Spanish objects that…

  6. Conflict in a Sixth-Grade Book Club: The Impact of a Rule-Driven Discourse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, K. Dara

    2008-01-01

    This study examines unintended consequences during a 6th-grade book club discussion of Bette Bao Lord's (1984) In the Year of the Boar and Jackie Robinson. The participants modeled a book club discussion, otherwise known as the fish bowl, for a newly enrolled student. Unintended consequences occurred within the realm of deviating from the rules of…

  7. Incidence and nature of epidemiological injuries to elite South ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objectives. The study investigated the incidence and nature of injuries sustained by elite cricketers during a season and the possible risk factors associated with these injuries. Methods. Fourteen physiotherapists and three doctors recorded 163 injuries sustained by 88 cricketers. Results. Bowling accounted for 40.5% of the ...

  8. Studies on germination and seedling growth rate of Blighia Sapida ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1.11 after 18 days, a percentage germination attained by scarified seeds after 10 days. Five seedlings were grown per bowl in five replicates and arranged in a completely randomized layout. The shoot height, leaf area, root length, fresh and dry ...

  9. Cultural Resources Survey, Harry S. Truman Dam and Reservoir Project, Missouri. Volume 5. Lithic and Ceramic Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-02-01

    Macbeth Coloz and Photometry Division of Kollmorgen Corporation, Baltimore, Maryland. 70 *Pangborn, Rolland 1965 Campsite and Burial, 23HE145. IN...Another expression of possible Caddoan influences is the notched or crenulate rim which is a rare decorative motif found on a Pomona ware bowl form

  10. Prevalence of cricket-related musculoskeletal pain among ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ensure that their bodies are kept fit and strong.1-3 There are three unique aspects of the game (bowling, batting and ... cricket: a player being struck by a ball or bat, rapid rotational movements, sliding and diving, ... their muscle strength, endurance, agility and fitness on the field may not always be adequate for the game of ...

  11. INCIDENCE AND NATURE OF EPIDEMIOLOGICAL INJURIES TO ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    (12.3%); and being struck by the ball while batting (11.0%). Conclusions ... needs to possess a high level of fitness, making him susceptible ... fielding the ball. Seventy-one per cent of the back and trunk injuries were to the lower and middle back, with 66% sustained while bowling or as a result of the repetitive movements of.

  12. Your Guide To Lowering Your Blood Pressure with DASH

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... cup 2 Tbsp 2 Tbsp 2 Tbsp plain yogurt, fat-free mayonnaise, low-fat chives, dried dill, dried lemon juice Mix all ingredients in bowl and refrigerate. Makes 5 servings Serving Size: 2 Tbsp Per Serving: Calories Total Fat Saturated Fat Cholesterol Sodium Protein 39 2g 0g 3 mg 66 ...

  13. Validating Grammaticality Judgment Tests: Evidence from Two New Psycholinguistic Measures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vafaee, Payman; Suzuki, Yuichi; Kachisnke, Ilina

    2017-01-01

    Several previous factor-analytic studies on the construct validity of grammaticality judgment tests (GJTs) concluded that untimed GJTs measure explicit knowledge (EK) and timed GJTs measure implicit knowledge (IK) (Bowles, 2011; R. Ellis, 2005; R. Ellis & Loewen, 2007). It has also been shown that, irrespective of the time condition chosen,…

  14. Pronunciation in Face-to-Face and Audio-Only Synchronous Computer-Mediated Learner Interactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loewen, Shawn; Isbell, Daniel R.

    2017-01-01

    Studies of learner-learner interactions have reported varying degrees of pronunciation-focused discourse, ranging from 1% (Bowles, Toth, & Adams, 2014) to 40% (Bueno-Alastuey, 2013). Including first language (L1) background, modality, and task as variables, this study investigates the role of pronunciation in learner-learner interactions.…

  15. The Electric Humanities: An Interdisciplinary Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marsden, Michael T.; Litwin, James L.

    An interdisciplinary "Coordinated Quarter of Mass Media Studies," instituted at Bowling Green State University with funding from the National Endowment for the Humanities, is the subject of this paper. The first part of the paper tells how instructors from the subject areas of popular culture, psychology, sociology, speech communication, and…

  16. Food, Aid, and Education in East Africa: Repackaging the Conversation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stambach, Amy

    2016-01-01

    This paper examines students' food perspectives in three rapidly diversifying contemporary contexts: a university setting in Kigali, Rwanda where students help to prepare Chinese dumplings; a school garden and canteen in Nairobi, Kenya where students jostle for bowls of beans and rice; and a fast-food restaurant in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, where…

  17. Prevalence of cricket-related musculoskeletal pain among ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Introduction. Cricket is a dynamic sport that involves many abstract skills and movements. To enhance these skills and movements, many players ensure that their bodies are kept fit and strong.1-3 There are three unique aspects of the game (bowling, batting and fielding) which are associated with risk of injury.2,3 Currently ...

  18. The Changing Nature of Division III Athletics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaver, William

    2014-01-01

    Non-selective Division III institutions often face challenges in meeting their enrollment goals. To ensure their continued viability, these schools recruit large numbers of student athletes. As a result, when compared to FBS (Football Bowl Division) institutions these schools have a much higher percentage of student athletes on campus and a…

  19. Giving It the Old College Try: Understanding Degree Commitment among Division I FBS NFL Aspirants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez, Guadalupe Federico.

    2012-01-01

    Building on sociological studies regarding college choice and persistence, this qualitative study investigates the college and post college experiences of 15 current students with NFL aspirations and 13 former students who held NFL aspirations, all from Division I Football Bowl Series (FBS) programs. A phenomenological design is implemented to…

  20. Game Changers: The Role Athletic Identity and Racial Identity Play on Academic Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bimper, Albert Y., Jr.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the degree to which athletic and racial identity predict the academic outcomes of Black student athletes participating in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division 1 Football Bowl Series football. The academic outcomes of Black student athletes are a growing concern to both scholars and…

  1. R-ES-ONANCE--IJa-nu-ary

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    vain, to find out some way of accounting in a satisfactory manner for this surprising phenomenon'. He described what he called 'a similar accident' which had seemed curious to him. He was doing an experiment, which he could not leave, in a room heated by an iron stove, when some food consisting ofa bowl of thick rice ...

  2. Exercise and activity for weight loss

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... not exercised or been active in a long time, be sure to start off slowly to prevent injuries. Taking a brisk 10-minute walk twice a week is a good start. You can also try joining a dance, yoga, or karate class. You could also join a baseball or bowling ...

  3. The Goldfish over the Rainbow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguiar, Carlos E.; Santos, Antonio, C. F.; Lopes, Eric B.; Santos, Walter S.

    2013-01-01

    A goldfish isn't always visible inside its fishbowl. If the fish gets sufficiently close to the bowl glass, it will disappear for certain angles of observation. In a recent paper in this journal, Zhu and Shi explained the effect in terms of total internal reflection. We show in what follows that the phenomenon involves some richer optics: a…

  4. Et ainult inimene mõtleb? Ajab rotigi naerma! / Mati Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Mati, 1944-2015

    2008-01-01

    USA Bowling Green State'i ülikooli emeriitprofessor, Tartu Ülikooli audoktor professor Jaak Panksepp väidab, et rotid naeravad ning USA Georgia Ülikooli teadlased Allison Foote ja Jonathon Crystal leidsid, et ka rotil on metakognitsioon - võime oma mõtlemist mõelda. Vt. ka lk. 35: Rott & meie

  5. Get in the Game with Team Density

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrington, Deborah; Scott, Pamela

    2011-01-01

    A floating bowling ball? No way! There is no better way to get students' attention and reinforce the need for conceptual understanding than with a discrepant event like this. Density is a central concept in chemistry and physical science from middle school to college. But often, particularly at the high school and college levels, we think students…

  6. ”I love my Negro nose”: Beyoncé, Kendrick Lamar og USA's nye Black Power-bevægelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerre, Thomas Ærvold

    2016-01-01

    Placerer Beyoncés Super Bowl-optræden og Kendrick Lamars Grammy-optræden i en historisk/kulturel ramme om den afroamerikansk higen efter at få ejerskab over deres egne fortællinger, og postulerer at Beyoncé og Kendrick Lamar har sat nye standarder for afroamerikansk fortællekunst i det brede...

  7. Esomeprazole

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... soft applesauce in an empty bowl. Open one esomeprazole capsule and carefully sprinkle the pellets onto the applesauce. Mix the pellets with the ... pellets in the applesauce. Do not save the pellets and applesauce for later ... a cup. Open the esomeprazole packet and empty the granules into the cup ...

  8. An analysis of players\\' performances in the first cricket Twenty20 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The purpose of this paper is to show how batting and bowling performance measures for one-day internationals can be adapted for use in Twenty20 matches, specifically in the case of a very small number of matches played. These measures are then used to give rankings of the batsmen and bowlers who performed best in ...

  9. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lemmer, HH. Vol 30, No 2 (2008) - Articles An analysis of players\\' performances in the first cricket Twenty20 World Cup series. Abstract · Vol 31, No 1 (2009) - Articles Batting and bowling performance measures for list-A and first class cricket matches. Abstract · Vol 33, No 3 (2011) - Articles Performance measures for wicket ...

  10. CONSUMPTIONS RATES OF SUMMER FLOUNDER LARVAE ON ROTIFER AND BRINE SHRIMP PREY DURING LARVAL REARING

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larval summer flounder Paralichthys dentatus were hatched and reared through metamorphosis in the laboratory. At several points in the rearing cycle, larvae were removed from their rearing chambers and placed in small bowls, where they were fed known quantities of the rotifer Bra...

  11. 78 FR 21592 - Drawn Stainless Steel Sinks from the People's Republic of China: Amended Final Determination of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-11

    ... and 731-TA-1201 (Final) (April 2013). Scope of the Order The products covered by the scope of this... sinks with multiple drawn bowls that are joined through a welding operation to form one unit are covered...'s Central Records Unit, Room 7043 of the main Commerce building, for copies of an updated list of...

  12. Nerf Guns Strike a Nerve on Campuses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Jeffrey R.

    2008-01-01

    Killing zombies on campus just isn't as much fun as it used to be. Students at Bowling Green State University once carried Nerf guns for a week each semester, shooting the zombies before the creatures could tag them. Participants were seen by most bystanders as nerdy but harmless kids who liked role-playing. These days, bright plastic Nerf guns…

  13. Building Character through Sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lumpkin, Angela

    2011-01-01

    Sports are a focus of millions of Americans as they attend, view, and participate in sports. The World Series, Final Four, and Super Bowl often bring back memories of fun-filled parties and celebrations, but there may be several reasons why sports are so popular in the United States. The popularity of sports, however, does not necessarily mean it…

  14. Cloning and study of adult-tissue-specific expression of Sox9 in ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    966. Bowles J., Schepers G. and Koopman P. 2000 Phylogeny of the SOX family of developmental transcription factors based on sequence and structural indicators. Dev. Biol. 227, 239–255. Chaboissier M. C., Kobayashi A., Vidal V. I., Lutzkendorf S., van de Kant H. J., Wegner M. et al. 2004 Functional analysis of Sox8.

  15. A Comparison of African & Mainstream Culture on African-American Students in Public Elementary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green-Gibson, Andrea; Collett, April

    2014-01-01

    The public educational system is comprised of diverse demographics wherein each student has a distinct cultural personal history (O'Brien, 1998). In America, the traditional perception was that a melting pot society existed. But deMarrais and LeCompte (1999) maintain that a stew pot or salad bowl would be a more appropriate analogy. Melting pot…

  16. Awareness and knowledge of phytonutrient food sources and health ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    application among health food store customers in the Cape Town city bowl. Awareness and knowledge of phytonutrient food ... The Cape Peninsula University of Technology for financial assistance. ♢ Mr JC Lombard and Ms .... South African Association of Food Science and Tech- nology. The subject of phytonutrients was, ...

  17. recycle materials potential of imported used vehicles in nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    as experience showed that “Awawa” – an un- breakable plastic bowl, has been acclaimed to outlive its virgin materials produced counter- part. The number of ELVs per year recycled in the European Union (EU) could be less than the official figures 8 9 million as higher prof- its accrue selling these used cars intact rather.

  18. Use of dietary supplements, and awareness and knowledge of the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    5-a-day”. Use of dietary ... health food stores in the Cape Town city bowl, and to determine their awareness and knowledge of the recommended fruit and vegetable .... specify the type they used, but only indicated the brand name and therefore ...

  19. Gouge marks on deep-sea mud volcanoes in the eastern Mediterranean: Caused by Cuvier’s beaked whales?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Woodside, J.M.; David, L; Frantzis, A.; Hooker, S.K.

    2006-01-01

    Enigmatic seafloor gouge marks at depths of 1700-2100 m have been observed from submersible during geological survey work studying mud volcanoes in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. The marks consist of a central groove (about 10 cm deep and 1-2 m long), superimposed on a broader bowl-shaped depression

  20. A review of cricket Fielding requirements | MacDonald | South ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    However, there is a paucity of literature on fielding compared with that on batting and bowling. We review the available literature in terms of technical, mental, physiological and physical factors important to fielding, to identify knowledge gaps and better understand the performance requirements of fielding in cricket.

  1. 49 CFR 229.139 - Sanitation, servicing requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sanitation, servicing requirements. 229.139... Cab Equipment § 229.139 Sanitation, servicing requirements. (a) The sanitation compartment of each... present that prevents waste from evacuating the bowl. (c) The sanitation compartment of each occupied...

  2. Impact of Adults' Appeals for Sharing on the Development of Altruistic Dispositions in Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, David G.; And Others

    1981-01-01

    Third and fourth grade children were instructed to share half their winnings from a bowling game under one of three types of verbal appeal: a power assertive appeal emphasizing punishment for noncompliance, an inductive appeal emphasizing contributions to the other's well-being, or a neutral appeal. (Author/DB)

  3. 76 FR 58038 - Notice of Inventory Completion: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-19

    ... of human remains and associated funerary objects in the control of the U.S. Department of the... notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the... fragment, 1 iron bowl fragment, 2 iron keys, 1 iron hinge, 1 iron gun hammer, 2 iron gun pieces, 1 fish...

  4. Adaptive Options for Growing Atriatry Rice in the Context of Climate ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2016-04-22

    Apr 22, 2016 ... Madagascar's Plain of Marovoay, the country's second rice bowl with some 15400 hectares of rice fields, is experiencing problems related to climate variability. The rainfall patterns on which rice production depends are changing. This case study explores options that local producers tested, such as using ...

  5. Les effets du changement climatique dans le bassin du Congo : la ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    22 avr. 2016 ... Adaptive Options for Growing Atriatry Rice in the Context of Climate Change : The Case of Marovoay. Madagascar's Plain of Marovoay, the country's second rice bowl with some 15,400 hectares of rice fields, is experiencing problems related to climat. View moreAdaptive Options for Growing Atriatry Rice in ...

  6. Climate Change | Page 28 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2015-03-23

    Mar 23, 2015 ... Madagascar's Plain of Marovoay, the country's second rice bowl with some 15,400 hectares of rice fields, is experiencing problems related to climate variability. The rainfall patterns on which rice production depends are changing. This case study explores options that local producers tested, such as using ...

  7. Backboards and Browsers: A Qualitative Examination of Division I Student-Athlete Experiences in Online Learning Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healy, Jonathan

    2013-01-01

    This research explored the experiences of student-athletes in online education. Interviews were conducted with scholarship student-athletes enrolled at a Bowl Championship Series level, Division I institution. Participants had completed at least one online course while actively participating in their sport. A conceptual framework was developed to…

  8. An Analysis of the Academic Behaviors and Beliefs of Division I Student-Athletes: The Impact of the Increased Percentage toward Degree Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulics, Jennifer M.; Kornspan, Alan S.; Kretovics, Mark

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to assess the academic decision making beliefs of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I Football Bowl Championship Series (FBS) student-athletes and to determine if the variables of gender and type of sport related to academic decision making behavior of student-athletes. Participants…

  9. Athletic Identity, Vocational Identity, and Occupational Engagement in College Student-Athletes and Non-Athletes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hook, Lacole L.

    2012-01-01

    Athletic departments in National Collegiate Athletic Association Football Bowl Subdivision universities provide academic support services to their student-athletes. Even though student-athletes receive help including career assistance from academic counselors, some studies have found that student-athletes are behind non-athletes in career…

  10. The effects of land use changes and climate variability on reservoir sedimentation for the Little Washita River experimental watershed

    Science.gov (United States)

    In the 1930’s, the United States experienced a period of severe dust storms known as the Dust Bowl, caused by severe drought and lack of proper farming methods. Lack of vegetation combined with isolated periods of intense rainfall caused increased erosion and flooding. As a result of the Flood Contr...

  11. The Equilibrium Rule--A Personal Discovery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hewitt, Paul G.

    2016-01-01

    Examples of equilibrium are evident everywhere and the equilibrium rule provides a reasoned way to view all things, whether in static (balancing rocks, steel beams in building construction) or dynamic (airplanes, bowling balls) equilibrium. Interestingly, the equilibrium rule applies not just to objects at rest but whenever any object or system of…

  12. Global Mindedness as the "Goal": Soccer as a Pedagogical Tool in the Social Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busey, Christopher L.; Waring, Scott M.

    2012-01-01

    As evidenced by the Super Bowl, the Olympics, and the World Cup, sports is a major part of global society, as millions of people throughout the world tune in to view renowned sporting events each and every week. This is especially true for soccer, which is the world's most popular and global sport. Because soccer is played in nearly every country…

  13. Effective Multicultural Supervision for a Culturally Diverse Country

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Amanda

    2016-01-01

    Living in a country based on the "salad bowl" of cultures philosophy, it is necessary for mental health professionals to be competent in providing effective counseling to heterogeneous clientele. Multicultural counseling ensures that professional counselors will deliver services matching the clients' needs, resulting in valuable…

  14. Self-assembly of self-assembled molecular triangles

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The bowl-shaped trinuclear architecture of 1 is crafted with three peripheral bpy units capable of π −π stacking ... we have been investigating the significance of these ... 2.1 Materials. PdCl2 was obtained from Aldrich, whereas AgNO3, imidazole (L·H) and all the common solvents were obtained from Spectrochem, India.

  15. 10 ways to cut 500 calories a day

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... cutting about 500 calories a day is a good place to start. If you can eat 500 fewer calories every day, you should lose ... Skip the meat toppings, extra cheese, and deep-dish crust, and have a couple ... calories. Use a plate. Eat all food from a plate or bowl, including ...

  16. Direct dating and identity of fiber temper in pre-contact Bushman (Masarwa) pottery

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Bollong, CA

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available Several 14C dates have been obtained from the fibre temper in cooking bowls made by the forbears of the Zeekoe River Bushmen (Basarwa), South Africa. Although the temper appears to be burned grass, the Q (13) C values do not match those of local C4...

  17. Circles of live buffer strips in a center pivot to improve multiple ecosystem services and sustainability of irrigated agriculture in the southern great plains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Declining Ogallala Aquifer has threatened sustainability of highly productive irrigated agriculture in the region. The region, known for the dust bowl of thirties, is scared of its return. Lower well outputs and increasing pumping costs have compelled farmers to adapt alternative conservation strate...

  18. A 3-year investigation into the incidence and nature of cricket ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The primary mechanism of injury was bowling (45%) and fielding, including running to field the ball (33%). Forty-two lumbar muscle strains, 18 hamstring strains, 17 spondylolisthesis and 17 ankle sprains occurred. The injuries were acute (50%), chronic (42%) and acute-on-chronic (8%), with 24% and 46% being recurrent ...

  19. 76 FR 63852 - Proposed Establishment of the Wisconsin Ledge Viticultural Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-14

    ... viticultural area boundary; A copy of the appropriate United States Geological Survey (USGS) map(s) showing the..., in the time between the Jurassic Era and today, erosion created much of the Ledge region landscape. During the Paleozoic Era, the edges of rock layers (Michigan Basin bowls) were leveled off and exposed...

  20. Training for Technical Assistants: Technical Assistance Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-09-01

    brush and oressurized water. Next it is disinfactel and then a perfumed deoderant is sprayed into the cabinet and the bowl is dried. This may be a...quiestionnaire - Itself was proof teeted andclear3e with to# management a-na supervisory levels within the. • Laboratory. .T addition an advancv notice

  1. Shaw Air Force Base Capital Improvement Program Environmental Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-01

    a skeet range, bowling alley and theater. The Fitness and Sports Center offers racquetball courts, tennis courts, basketball and volleyball courts...1. Section 3.8.2, Existing Conditions, Page 3-33- The statement "only intermittent low- level detections in the Lower Black Creek Aquifer" is not

  2. Publications | Page 577 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 5761 - 5770 of 6372 ... This study examines pesticide use in Kuttanad, India, an economically sensitive area often referred to as the rice bowl of Kerala. Using primary data collected from pesticide applicators and farm labor, the study assesses short-term health costs associated with pesticide exposure. The study.

  3. 38 CFR 21.4252 - Courses precluded; erroneous, deceptive, or misleading practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... justification for their pursuit. (1) Any photography course or entertainment course, or (2) Any music course, instrumental or vocal, public speaking course, or course in dancing, sports or athletics, such as horseback riding, swimming, fishing, skiing, golf, baseball, tennis, bowling, sports officiating, or other sport or...

  4. 38 CFR 21.7120 - Courses included in programs of education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (ii) Any music course, instrumental or vocal, public speaking course or courses in dancing, sports or athletics, such as horseback riding, swimming, fishing, skiing, golf, baseball, tennis, bowling, sports officiating, or other sport or athletic courses, except courses of applied music, physical education, or...

  5. 38 CFR 21.7622 - Courses precluded.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... are: (i) Any photography course or entertainment course; or (ii) Any music course, instrumental or vocal, public speaking course, or course in dancing, sports or athletics, such as horseback riding, swimming, fishing, skiing, golf, baseball, tennis, bowling, sports officiating, or other sport or athletic...

  6. Farmhands and Factory Workers, Honesty and Humility: The Portrayal of Social Class and Morals in English Language Learner Children's Books

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sano, Joelle

    2009-01-01

    Background/Context: Although much research has evaluated children's books for depictions of gender, little has centered on the portrayal of immigrants and social class. This investigation utilizes Bourdieu's theory of capital reproduction in education, Durkheim's conception of collective conscience and morals, and Bowles and Gintis's critique of…

  7. Computerized Reference Sources: One-Stop Shopping or Part of a Search Strategy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    York, Charlene C.; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Reports on a study of the information-seeking behavior of users of Infotrac, OCLC, Newsbank Electronic Index, and LS/2 at the Bowling Green State University Libraries. Data gathered via interviews are discussed as they pertain to the user's profile; understanding of systems functions; effects on information-seeking behavior; and appropriateness of…

  8. Using Technology and Community Partnerships to Improve Educator Preparation: Changing the Landscape for Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lierheimer, Kristin S.; Murray, Mary M.; Wooldridge, Deborah G.; Smith, Sheila

    2014-01-01

    This chapter describes how an institution of higher education, Bowling Green State University (BGSU), partnered with the Ohio Center for Autism and Low Incidence (OCALI), a quasi-governmental agency, to meet the training needs of the local, state, national, and international community by providing an online autism spectrum disorders (ASD)…

  9. Delivery of thermostable Newcastle disease (ND) vaccine to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SERVER

    2007-12-03

    Dec 3, 2007 ... vehicle. Echeonwu, G. O. N.1*, Iroegbu, C. U.2, Echeonwu, B. C.3, Ngene, A.4, Olabode, A. O.1, .... mass ND vaccination of free-range village chicken flock is ... dried carrier food in a bowl at a ratio of 1.0 ml of reconstituted.

  10. Safety in Individual and Dual Sports. Sports Safety Series. Monograph No. 4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borozne, Joseph, Ed.; And Others

    The prevention of injuries and control of hazards in individual and dual sports is outlined. A separate chapter is devoted to each of twelve sports: archery, bowling, equitation, golf, gymnastics, marksmanship, track and field, weight training and weight lifting, fencing, racquet sports, judo, and wrestling. (MM)

  11. 78 FR 69650 - Meeting of the Defense Advisory Committee on Women in the Services (DACOWITS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-20

    ...:30 a.m. ADDRESSES: Sheraton National Hotel-Pentagon City, 900 South Orme St., Arlington, VA 22204. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Robert Bowling or DACOWITS Staff at 4000 Defense Pentagon, Room... determine who of the requesting persons will be able to make an oral presentation of their issue during an...

  12. Cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II), and zinc(II) complexes with [3(5)]adamanzane, 1,5,9,13-tetraazabicyclo[7.7.3]nonadecane and [(2.3)(2).2(1)]adamanzane, 1,5,9,12-tetraazabicyclo[7.5.2]hexadecane

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broge, Louise; Pretzmann, Ulla; Jensen, Nicolai

    2001-01-01

    Isolation of the free bicyclic tetraamine, [3(5)]adamanzane .H2O (1,5,9,13-tetraazabicyclo[7.7.3]nonadecane .H2O), is reported along with the synthesis and characterization of a copper(II) complex of the smaller macrocycle [(2.3)(2).2(1)]-adamanzane (1,5,9,12-tetraazabicyclo[7.5.2]hexadecane......) and of three cobalt(II), four nickel(II), one copper(II), and two zinc(II) complexes with [3(5)]adamanzane. For nine of these compounds (2-8, 10b, and 12) the single-crystal X-ray structures were determined. The coordination geometry around the metal ion is square pyramidal in [Cu([(2.3)(2).2(1)]adz)Br]ClO4 (2...... in the region 2-10 M(-1)for the halide complexes and 30-65 M(-1)for the nickel(II) nitrate complex (4). Rate constants for the dissociation of the macrocyclic ligand from the metal ions in 5 M HCl were determined for complexes 2, 3, 5, 8, 10, and 12. The reaction rates vary from half-lives at 40 degreesC of 14...

  13. Cobalt(II), nickel(II), copper(II), and zinc(II) complexes with [3(5)]adamanzane, 1,5,9,13-tetraazabicyclo[7.7.3]nonadecane and [(2.3)(2).2(1)]adamanzane, 1,5,9,12-tetraazabicyclo[7.5.2]hexadecane

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broge, Louise; Pretzmann, Ulla; Jensen, Nicolai

    2001-01-01

    Isolation of the free bicyclic tetraamine, [3(5)]adamanzane .H2O (1,5,9,13-tetraazabicyclo[7.7.3]nonadecane .H2O), is reported along with the synthesis and characterization of a copper(II) complex of the smaller macrocycle [(2.3)(2).2(1)]-adamanzane (1,5,9,12-tetraazabicyclo[7.5.2]hexadecane......) and of three cobalt(II), four nickel(II), one copper(II), and two zinc(II) complexes with [3(5)]adamanzane. For nine of these compounds (2-8, 10b, and 12) the single-crystal X-ray structures were determined. The coordination geometry around the metal ion is square pyramidal in [Cu([(2.3)(2).2(1)]adz)Br]ClO4 (2......) and trigonal bipyramidal in the isostructural structures [Cu([3(5)]adz)Br]Br (3), [Ni-([3(5)]adz)Cl]Cl (5), [Ni([3(5)]adz)Br]Br (6), and [Co([3(5)]adz)Cl]Cl (8). In [Ni([3(5)]adz)(NO3)]NO3 (4) and [Ni([3(5)]-adz)(ClO4)]ClO4 (7) the coordination geometry around nickel(II) is a distorted octahedron...

  14. Synthesis of High-Molecular-Weight Multifunctional Glycerol Polyhydroxyurethanes PHUs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bassam Nohra

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Glycerol carbonate acrylate is a 5-membered cyclic carbonate synthesized from glycerol that is used as a chemical coupling agent and has proven highly suitable for use in the synthesis of multifunctional polyhydroxyurethanes (PHUs. The multifunctionality of the structure of PHUs is determined by the density of the carbon-amine groups generated by the Aza-Michael reaction and that of the urethane groups and adjacent primary and secondary hydroxyl groups generated by aminolysis. Glycerol carbonate acrylate is polymerized with polyfunctional mono-, di-, tri, and tetra-amines, by type-AB polyaddition, either in bulk or in solution, through stepwise or one-pot reaction strategies in the absence of added catalysts. These approaches result in the generation of linear, interchain, and crosslinked structures, through the polyaddition of linear and branched amines to the ethylene and cyclic carbonate sites of glycerol carbonate acrylate. The resulting collection of organic molecules gives rise to polyethylene amino ester PHUs with a high molar mass, exceeding 20,000 g·mol−1, with uniform dispersity.

  15. Study of improved resins for advanced supersonic technology composites. Part 1: Heteroaromatic polymers containing ether groups. Part 2: Curing chemistry of aromatic polymers and composite studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takekoshi, T.; Hillig, W. B.; Mellinger, G. A.

    1975-01-01

    Fourteen ether-containing, aromatic dianhydrides have been synthesized from N-phenyl-3 or 4-nitrophthalimide and various bisphenols. The process involves nucleophilic displacement of activated nitro groups with bisphenolate ions. Ether-containing dianhydrides were indefinitely stable in the presence of atmospheric moisture. One-step, high temperature solution polymerization of the ether-containing dianhydrides with m-phenylene diamine, 4,4'-oxydianiline and 1, 3-bis(4-aminophenoxy)benzene afforded 42 polyetherimides. The polyetherimides were all soluble in m-cresol except two which were found to be crystalline. The glass transition temperatures of the polyetherimides ranged from 178 to 277 C. Soluble polybenzimidazopyrrolones containing ether groups were also prepared from the same ether-containing dianhydrides and aromatic tetraamines by one-step solution polymerization. Using low molecular weight polyetherimides, various thermoset resin systems were developed and tested as matrices for fiber-reinforced composites. The curing chemistry involving reaction of the phthalonitrile group and the o-diaminophenyl group was found to be generally applicable to crosslinking various aromatic polymers other than polyimides.

  16. Folate-conjugated polyspermine for lung cancer–targeted gene therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mei Zhang

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Biodegradable polyamines have long been studied as potential recombinant viral gene vectors. Spermine (SPE is an endogenous tetra-amine with excellent biocompatibility yet poor gene condensation capacity. We have previously synthesized a polyspermine based on SPE and poly(ethylene glycol (PEG diacrylate (SPE-alt-PEG for enhanced transfection performance, but the synthesized SPE-alt-PEG still lacked specificity towards cancer cells. In this study, folic acid (FA was incorporated into SPE-alt-PEG to fabricate a targeted gene delivery vector (FA-SPE-PEG via an acylation reaction. FA-SPE-PEG exhibited mild cytotoxicity in both cancer cells and normal cells. FA-SPE-PEG possessed higher transfection efficiency than PEI 25 K and Lipofectamine® 2000 in two tested cancer cell lines at functional weight ratios, and its superiority over untargeted SPE-alt-PEG was prominent in cells with overexpressed folate receptors (FRs. Moreover, in vivo delivery of green fluorescent protein (GFP with FA-SPE-PEG resulted in highest fluorescent signal intensity of all investigated groups. FA-SPE-PEG showed remarkably enhanced specificity towards cancer cells both in vivo and in vitro due to the interaction between FA and FRs. Taken together, FA-SPE-PEG was demonstrated to be a prospective targeted gene delivery vector with high transfection capacity and excellent biocompatibility.

  17. Di‐Zinc–Aryl Complexes: CO2 Insertions and Applications in Polymerisation Catalysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romain, Charles; Garden, Jennifer A.; Trott, Gemma; Buchard, Antoine; White, Andrew J. P.

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Two new di‐zinc–aryl complexes, [LZn2Ph2] and [LZn2(C6F5)2], coordinated by a diphenol tetraamine macrocyclic ligand have been prepared and fully characterised, including by single‐crystal X‐ray diffraction experiments. The complexes’ reactivities with monomers including carbon dioxide, cyclohexene oxide, phthalic anhydride, isopropanol and phenol were investigated using both experimental studies and density functional theory calculations. In particular, [LZn2Ph2] readily inserts carbon dioxide to form a carboxylate, at 1 bar pressure, whereas [LZn2(C6F5)2] does not react. Under these conditions [LZn2Ph2] shows moderate activity in the ring‐opening copolymerisation of cyclohexene oxide/carbon dioxide (TOF=20 h−1), cyclohexene oxide/phthalic anhydride (TOF=33 h−1) and the ring‐opening polymerisations of rac‐lactide (TOF=99 h−1) and ϵ‐caprolactone (TOF=5280 h−1). PMID:28370511

  18. Cognitive bias and paw preference in the domestic dog (Canis familiaris).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wells, Deborah L; Hepper, Peter G; Milligan, Adam D S; Barnard, Shanis

    2017-11-01

    Limb use, an indicator of hemispheric functioning, may be a useful predictor of cognitive bias and hence vulnerability to welfare risk. The relationship between cognitive bias and motor asymmetry, however, has been subject to little investigation. This study explored the association between motor asymmetry and cognitive bias in the domestic dog, a species that displays lateral bias in the form of paw preferences and exhibits positive and negative affective states. Thirty pet dogs had their paw preferences assessed using the Kong ball test. The subjects' affective state was assessed using a cognitive bias test in which the animals' latency to approach a bowl placed in 1 of 3 ambiguous positions was recorded. Animals veering more toward a left-paw preference were found to be significantly slower to approach the bowl placed in 1 of the ambiguous positions than ambilateral or right-pawed dogs. Left-pawed subjects approached the bowl located at the 3 ambiguous positions at roughly the same speed, while ambilateral and right-pawed animals became increasingly slower to approach the bowl the further it was located from the baited food bowl. The study points to a possible relationship between cognitive bias and paw preference in the dog, with left-pawed animals being more negative or "pessimistic" in their cognitive outlook than right-pawed or ambilateral individuals. It is proposed that limb preference testing might offer a more practical and straightforward way of identifying individuals at risk from poor welfare by virtue of how they perceive the world than more time-consuming cognitive bias tests. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  19. Suitability of polystyrene as a functional barrier layer in coloured food contact materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Genualdi, Susan; Addo Ntim, Susana; Begley, Timothy

    2015-01-01

    Functional barriers in food contact materials (FCMs) are used to prevent or reduce migration from inner layers in multilayer structures to food. The effectiveness of functional barrier layers was investigated in coloured polystyrene (PS) bowls due to their intended condition of use with hot liquids such as soups or stew. Migration experiments were performed over a 10-day period using USFDA-recommended food simulants (10% ethanol, 50% ethanol, corn oil and Miglyol) along with several other food oils. At the end of the 10 days, solvent dyes had migrated from the PS bowls at 12, 1 and 31,000 ng cm(-)(2) into coconut oil, palm kernel oil and Miglyol respectively, and in coconut oil and Miglyol the colour change was visible to the human eye. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images revealed that the functional barrier was no longer intact for the bowls exposed to coconut oil, palm kernel oil, Miglyol, 10% ethanol, 50% ethanol and goat's milk. Additional tests showed that 1-dodecanol, a lauryl alcohol derived from palm kernel oil and coconut oil, was present in the PS bowls at an average concentration of 11 mg kg(-1). This compound is likely to have been used as a dispersing agent for the solvent dye and aided the migration of the solvent dye from the PS bowl into the food simulant. The solvent dye was not found in the 10% ethanol, 50% ethanol and goat's milk food simulants above their respective limits of detection, which is likely to be due to its insolubility in aqueous solutions. A disrupted barrier layer is of concern because if there are unregulated materials in the inner layers of the laminate, they may migrate to food, and therefore be considered unapproved food additives resulting in the food being deemed adulterated under the Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act.

  20. CERN encourages girls to "expand their horizons"

    CERN Multimedia

    François Briard

    2015-01-01

    On 14 November, CERN took part for the fourth time in "Élargis tes horizons" (see here), a conference organised every two years at Geneva University for girls from the local region aged 11 to 14 aiming to encourage them to take up studies and careers in the scientific and technical domains.   Claude Sanz (left), a fellow in the EN Department, explaining to three girls how to build a particle accelerator in a salad bowl. This year, young physicists and engineers from ATLAS and CMS ran three workshops: "Seeing the invisible using a cloud chamber", "Great cold fun and treats with liquid nitrogen" and "Build your own accelerator in a salad bowl!" CERN was also represented at the Forum de Découverte, represented by the Diversity Office and the Medialab team, presenting the "Higgnite" interactive experiment, which illustrates the principle of the Higgs field. More...

  1. Replication of Optical Microstructures of Papilio palinurus through Biomimicry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srinivasarao, Mohan; Crne, Matija; Sharma, Vivek; Blair, John; Park, Jung Ok; Summers, Christopher J.

    2009-03-01

    The coloration of animals in nature is sometimes based on their structure rather than pigments. Structural coloration based on diffraction, multilayer reflection, cholesteric analogues or photonic crystal-like structures is pervasive especially in the world of insects. The color of Papilio palinurus results from microbowl lined with a multilayer of air and chitin. The green color is the result of color mixing of the yellow light reflecting from the bottom of the bowl and the blue light reflecting from the sides of the bowl. We have used breath figure templated assembly as the starting point to mimic the structure of Papilio palinurus. We were able to produce microbowls which were then coated with a multilayer of alternating titanium oxide and aluminum oxide. The resulting structure exhibits the same color mixing as the original butterfly structure does.

  2. Hindsight bias demonstrated in the prediction of a sporting event.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonds-Raacke, J M; Fryer, L S; Nicks, S D; Durr, R T

    2001-06-01

    The authors examined hindsight bias in the context of a sporting event (Super Bowl XXXIII) with individuals who had previous knowledge of the hindsight bias-42 students who were currently enrolled in psychology classes that had previously covered hindsight bias. To control for extraneous variables, the authors analyzed how often the participants watched football, their gender, and whom they predicted to win; they found no differences between how often the participants watched football and whom they predicted to win. The hindsight bias existed for the prediction of the outcome for the Super Bowl, and the participants with previous knowledge were not immune to its effect. Results are discussed in relation to attribution theory, the reconstructionist view, and response bias view.

  3. The Life Cycle CO2 (LCCO2 Evaluation of Retrofits for Water-Saving Fittings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasutoshi Shimizu

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available As part of measures being taken against global warming, the reduction of CO2 emissions by retrofitting for water-saving fittings in homes is spreading throughout the world. However, although this retrofitting reduces the environmental impact at the use stage, it generates new impacts at the production and disposal stages. In addition, there has been little research that discusses the reduction in environmental impact obtained by retrofitting from the viewpoint of the overall life cycle of such fittings. In this paper, an evaluation of the environmental impact of retrofitting in terms of the entire life cycle was carried out for toilet bowls and showerheads. The findings show that even for a toilet bowl that generates a large environmental load at the production stage, there is no overall increase in the environmental impact by retrofitting for the average usable life of 20 years.

  4. Swietenolide diacetate from the seeds of Swietenia macrophylla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bey Hing Goh

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The title compound, C31H38O10 [systematic name: (αR,4R,4aR,6aS,7R,8S,10R,11S-methyl α,10-diacetoxy-4-(3-furyl-4a,7,9,9-tetramethyl-2,13-dioxo-1,4,4a,5,6,6a,7,8,9,10,11,12-dodecahydro-7,11-methano-2H-cycloocta[f][2]benzopyran-8-acetate], was isolated from the seeds of Swietenia macrophylla. The molecule contains four six-membered rings connected together in the shape of a bowl; one of the inner rings adopts a twisted chair conformation owing to the carbon–carbon double bond. The furyl substitutent is connected to an outer ring, and it points away from the bowl cavity.

  5. Assessing Food Preferences in Dogs and Cats: A Review of the Current Methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christelle Tobie

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Food is a major aspect of pet care; therefore, ensuring that pet foods are not only healthful but attractive to companion animals and their owners is essential. The petfood market remains active and requires ongoing evaluation of the adaptation and efficiency of the new products. Palatability—foods’ characteristics enticing animals and leading them to consumption—is therefore a key element to look at. Based on the type of information needed, different pet populations (expert or naïve can be tested to access their preference and acceptance for different food products. Classical techniques are the one-bowl and two-bowl tests, but complementary (i.e., operant conditioning and novel (i.e., exploratory behavior approaches are available to gather more information on the evaluation of petfood palatability.

  6. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 851 - 900 of 9503 ... Boulle, Andrew · Boulter, J · Boulware, D.R. · Bourne, D.E. · Bourne, David E · Bourne, DE · Bourne, L · Bourne, l. Boutall, A · Bouwer, Colin · Bouwman, H. Bowen, R · Bowerbank, P · Bowie, G · Bowie, GF · Bowie, M.D. · Bowie, Malcolm D. Bowles, DC · Bowley, D.M. · Bowley, Douglas M G · Bowman, B

  7. The Shock and Vibration Bulletin. Part 1. Welcome, Keynote Address, Invited Papers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-09-01

    modes. Turning and pointing such a structure is a bit like aiming a wet noodle floating in a bowl of water. If you do it very slowly, it can be done...effective plastic strain 7P can be computed at each finite difference mesh point for each instant of time. Furthermore, the plastic work effected...attempted at any instant . In somewhat similar vein, digital control systems have the inherent capability to improve the performance of re- sponse

  8. Ideal Directed-Energy System To Defeat Small Unmanned Aircraft System Swarms

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-21

    Administration (FAA) defines a UAS as “an aircraft that is operated without the possibility of direct human intervention from within or on the...100 to 500.20 One of Intel’s more recent sUAS swarms demonstrations occurred during the 2017 National Football League Super Bowl that generated a...Federal Aviation Administration , FAA Aerospace Forecast: Fiscal Years 2017-2037, 30, accessed April 22, 2017, https://www.faa.gov/data_research

  9. Community Relations: DOD’s Approach for Using Resources Reflects Sound Management Principles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-01

    community relations policies. For example, OATSD/PA approved the National Football League’s request for a flyover for the 2016 Super Bowl in California...3) training and recruiting, and (4) administration and servicewide activities. DOD further divides these budget activities into various activity...Maintenance budget requests into four budget activities: (1) operating forces, (2) mobilization, (3) training and recruiting, and (4) administration

  10. THE COMMAND OF THE TREND: SOCIAL MEDIA AS A WEAPON IN THE INFORMATION AGE

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-01

    hashtags #Brady and #SuperBowl. Anyone who clicks on those trends on the trend list expecting to see something about football will see that meme of...Putin more favorable.13 Several hijacked hashtags in 2015 attempted to discredit the Obama administration while spreading racist memes and hoaxes... administration senior official, Russians regard the information sphere as a domain of warfare on a sliding scale of conflict that always exists between the US

  11. Effectiveness of the Physical Education Curriculum at the United States Military Academy in Preparing Its Women Graduates

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    is that the Army was to become smaller in size than it had been at any time in recent history . The outcome of the drastic drawdown of U.S. forces was...tennis, badminton , handball, golf, lacrosse, ice skating, racquetball, handball, scuba, cross country skiing, downhill skiing, bicycling, soccer, squash...of those courses are lifetime sports. Some of the courses offered are: aerobic dance, applications of running, badminton , bicycling, bowling, golf

  12. Socioeconomic Impact Analysis Study. Disposal and Reuse of Mather Air Force Base, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-05-01

    number of interruptable service customers and a history of curtailment and related hn~orrwnaln incluiding projections of future utIty demand for the...aketball courts, volleyball and badminton courts, and a Ilfecycle rowing room. Falcon Lanr, a 24-lane bowling center, provides group and ivddual...City Facts, A pamphlet detalling City df Sacramento government structure and history . Sacramento, City of undated b. Department df Parks and Community

  13. Defense AT&L. Volume 41, Number 2, Special Edition, March-April 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    opportunities for intern interaction is just as essential as rotations and training. While bowling, sand volleyball, picnics , and paintball are...an all-trainee summer picnic for 120, and an offsite at a local Party Barn with 160 trainees. Amanda Thompson is one of ACTIVE’s co-chairs. “We work...development, systems engineering, program management, and logistics communities • Connecting communities of practice, centers of excellence, academic

  14. Antecedents and Consequences of Supplier Performance Evaluation Efficacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-30

    Department of Marketing Western Kentucky University 1906 College Heights Blvd, #21059 Bowling Green , KY 42101 Tel: (270) 745-2412 E-mail...inaccurate? 6. How many man-hours do suppliers invest in responding to SPEs? 7. What communication tactics do suppliers use to manage the SPE process...information exchanges, cooperative norms, and buyer and supplier adaptations to each other (i.e., unique investment and customizations to processes and

  15. Qualitative Research Methods in Psychology

    OpenAIRE

    Biggerstaff, Deborah

    2012-01-01

    In the scientific community, and particularly in psychology and health, there has been an active and ongoing debate on the relative merits of adopting either quantitative or qualitative methods, especially when researching into human behaviour (Bowling, 2009; Oakley, 2000; Smith, 1995a, 1995b; Smith, 1998). In part, this debate formed a component of the development in the 1970s of our thinking about science. Andrew Pickering has described this movement as the "sociology of scientific knowledg...

  16. Beyond Line of Sight (BLOS) Command and Control (C2) Capability to Improve Disaster Response and Recovery

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    Communication Policy,” Emergency Risk Communication, Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2003), 19: www.psandman.com/articles/dilemmas.pdf...Department Mission Statement 1. Overview and Requirements Responsible for over half of the lettuce grown in the U.S., the city known as the “Salad Bowl...has received national attention for more than just lettuce production over the years.70 In 2009, the city of Salinas reportedly had a homicide rate

  17. Dividing a fixed portion into more pieces leads to larger portion size estimates of JELL-O® squares

    OpenAIRE

    Jenna L Scisco; Blades, Charlene; Zielinski, Melissa J.; Muth, Eric R.

    2012-01-01

    How visual qualities of a food impact perceptions of the amount of food present and consumed have been studied. Previous research has investigated many factors affecting these perceptions, including the height of a glass, the size of a serving bowl, and other food intake cues. We investigated how the number of pieces a serving is divided into impacts perceptions of the amount of food present and consumed. Results indicate that dividing a fixed portion into a greater number of pieces leads peo...

  18. JUST 28 No. 1 April 2008

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    2008-04-01

    Apr 1, 2008 ... The lactating ewes were individually offered 1000 g rice straw and Stylosanthes hamata was given at one of the three levels (i.e. 180 g/d or 240 g/d or 360 g/d) according to the treatment assigned. The diets were offered in wooden feeding troughs and wa- ter was supplied in 10 litre plastic bowls. Mineral.

  19. DefEX: Hands-On Cyber Defense Exercise for Undergraduate Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    such as semicolons and slashes. Other students eliminated the $username variable from the system command while adding code to preserve the original...forensic investigation the integrity of the original evidence is crucial. The instructor required students to preserve the chain of command while...alley where students found the “treasure”, a package of silver and gold chocolate candies and a surprise pizza and bowling party. The key

  20. Oulujoki All-Stars : Lautapelikerho seurakunnan nuorten ja nuorten aikuisten työn muotona

    OpenAIRE

    Valtonen, Ville-Valtteri

    2016-01-01

    Opinnäytetyöni Oulujoki All-Stars – Lautapelikerho seurakunnan nuorten ja nuorten aikuisten työn muotona on toteutettu Oulujoen seurakunnalle. Toiminta on aloitettu vuonna 2012. Opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli luoda itsenäisesti toimiva lautapelikerho joka hyödyntää toiminnassaan miniatyyripelejä, erityisesti kiinnostuksen seurauksena Games Workshopin julkaisemaa Blood Bowl – lautapeliä. Tarkoituksena oli luoda sosiaalista toimintaa, jonka lautapeleistä kiinnostuneet nuoret ja nuoret aikuiset...

  1. Atypical pit craters on Mars: new insights from THEMIS, CTX and HiRISE observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cushing, Glen; Okubo, Chris H.; Titus, Timothy N.

    2015-01-01

    More than 100 pit craters in the Tharsis region of Mars exhibit morphologies, diameters and thermal behaviors that diverge from the much larger bowl-shaped pit craters that occur in most regions across Mars. These Atypical Pit Craters (APCs) generally have sharp and distinct rims, vertical or overhanging walls that extend down to their floors, surface diameters of ~50-350 m, and high depth-to-diameter (d/D) ratios that are usually greater than 0.3 (which is an upper-range value for impacts and bowl-shaped pit craters), and can exceed values of 1.8. Observations by the Mars Odyssey THermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) show that APC floor temperatures are warmer at night, and fluctuate with much lower diurnal amplitudes than nearby surfaces or adjacent bowl-shaped pit craters. Kīlauea volcano, Hawai'i, hosts pit craters that formed through subsurface collapse into active volcanic dikes, resulting in pits that can appear morphologically analogous to either APCs or bowl-shaped pit craters. Partially-drained dikes are sometimes exposed within the lower walls and floors of these terrestrial APC analogs and can form extensive cave systems with unique microclimates. Similar caves in martian pit craters are of great interest for astrobiology. This study uses new observations by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) and Context Camera (CTX) to refine previous work where seven APCs were described from lower-resolution THEMIS visible-wavelength (VIS) observations. Here, we identify locations of 115 APCs, map their distribution across the Tharsis region, characterize their internal morphologies with high-resolution observations, and discuss possible formation mechanisms.

  2. Magnetic levitation on a type-I superconductor as a practical demonstration experiment for students

    OpenAIRE

    Osorio, M. R.; Lahera, D. E.; Suderow, H.

    2012-01-01

    We describe and discuss an experimental set-up which allows undergraduate and graduate students to view and study magnetic levitation on a type-I superconductor. The demonstration can be repeated many times using one readily available 25 liter liquid helium dewar. We study the equilibrium position of a magnet that levitates over a lead bowl immersed in a liquid hand-held helium cryostat. We combine the measurement of the position of the magnet with simple analytical calculations. This provide...

  3. Recent legalization of cannabis use: effects on sleep, health, and workplace safety

    OpenAIRE

    Bowles, Nicole; Herzig,Maya; Shea, Steven

    2017-01-01

    Nicole P Bowles, Maya X Herzig, Steven A Shea Oregon Institute of Occupational Health Sciences, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, USAThe recent legalization of cannabis for medical and recreational use in many states in the United States and internationally4,5 has resulted in a decrease in stigma and of perceived risk of cannabis use, more frequent use of cannabis, use of higher potency cannabis products, and increased dependence on cannabis use.6&...

  4. Microbiological investigations of rainwater and graywater collected for toilet flushing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Albrechtsen, Hans-Jørgen

    2002-01-01

    Seven Danish rainwater systems were investigated with respect to the microbial water quality. The general microbiological quality (total numbers of bacteria (AODC)), and heterotrophic plate counts on R2A and Plate Count Agar in the toilets supplied with rainwater were approximately the same as in...... and hand wash basin was reused. The graywater systems gave more problems in terms of bad smell and substantially higher numbers of E. coli and Enterococcus in some toilet bowls supplied with graywater....

  5. (31)P solid-state MAS-NMR spectroscopy of the compounds that form in phosphate-bonded dental casting investment materials during setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scrimgeour, Sheelagh N; Chudek, John A; Cowper, George A; Lloyd, Charles H

    2007-08-01

    To use (31)P solid-state MAS-NMR to determine which compounds form in phosphate-bonded dental casting investment material during setting, when the ambient temperature is altered. To determine whether they differ in material originating at the center of the mix from material that adheres to the mixing bowl wall. (1)H high powered decoupled (HPDC) and (1)H cross polarized (CP) (31)P solid-state MAS-NMR spectroscopy were used at a resonance frequency of 121.4MHz to determine molecular structure. Four commercial products were examined. Manufacturer's instructions were followed and special liquid used without dilution. Ambient temperature was between 18 and 37 degrees C. Molecular structures change with ambient temperature and product. Amorphous Mg(3)(PO(4))(2) or struvite dominate with newberyite, cattiite, amorphous Mg(2)P(2)O(7) and amorphous MgHPO(4) present as minor phases. Exceptionally, amorphous MgHPO(4) dominates. Differences in structure were found in material taken from the center of the mix compared with that scraped from the bowl wall, but the incidence may be specific to the product/mixer combination and not a general effect. The formation of compounds in phosphate-bonded investment can be affected by ambient temperature. This effect and the use of material adhering to the bowl wall (instead of that from the center of the mix) are possible causes for the unpredictability of setting expansion measurements between laboratories. There is variation between products. When phosphate-bonded investment is required for casting, a consistent ambient temperature must be used and it would be wise to mix sufficient material to avoid scraping the bowl.

  6. Supramolecular stabilization of N(2)H(7)(+).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atwood, Jerry L; Barbour, Leonard J; Jerga, Agoston

    2002-03-13

    The cation N(2)H(7)(+) has been stabilized in a largely hydrophobic supramolecular environment and characterized in the solid state. The cation is situated in the bowl-shaped cavity of calix[4]arene. All of the hydrogen atoms are clearly discernible owing to high-quality X-ray data as well as lack of disorder and symmetry-imposed ambiguity. It appears that electrostatic interactions play a critical role in stabilizing the structure.

  7. Faecal particle-size distribution from ewes fed grass silages harvested at different stages of maturity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jalali, Alireza; Nørgaard, Peder; Nadeau, E.

    2008-01-01

    , 47 and 44 g kg-1 h-1 and DM intake was 2.5, 2.1 and 1.5 kg d-1 for ECS, MCS and LCS silage, respectively. Faeces samples were collected during four days, washed in nylon bags, freeze dried and sieved into six sieving fractions; bottom bowl (B), 0.106 (C), 0.212 (D), 0.5 (S), 1.0 (M) and 2.36 (O) mm...

  8. Using Vibrations to Probe and Control Photoisomerization in Liquids

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-07

    photochemistry involving isomerization through multiple pathways after ultraviolet exci- tation. The photoreactions of dibenzoylmethanes include cis...bond when irradiated with near- ultraviolet light. Our collaborator, Professor Massimo Olivucci of the University of Siena and Bowling Green State...the near ultraviolet region. The third, most practical, goal is to make the synthe- sis as efficient as possible. The O-methoxy group and quaternary

  9. The Coast Artillery Journal. Volume 81, Number 4, July-August 1938

    Science.gov (United States)

    1938-08-01

    shook hands all ’round and sprinted for the boats, trains, and trolleys that were to take us home for the last farewells before France. None of these...of Honolulu. On May 29 an enjoyable brigade picnic was held at the Officers’ Beach at Fort Weaver. Swimming, volleyball , baseball, an abundance of...department tournament. The softball season is nearing its close; the bowling season is just opening. In volleyball , swimming, and tennis, this regiment has

  10. Cooperative Localization for Autonomous Underwater Vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-02-01

    at MIT was that I was not only able to pursue my thesis topic but also two other projects. First, the flood warning project introduced me to Elizabeth...bottom segment. The flash is mounted at the stern in a glass bowl and the camera in the bow. This ensures max- imum separation between light source and...Sonnichsen. Optical modem technology for seafloor observatories . OCEANS 2006, pages 1–6, Sept. 2006. [34] P. Fearnhead. Sequential Monte Carlo methods in

  11. Predictors of Lymphedema Following Breast Cancer Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-09-01

    comparison group , making it difficult to determine which factors are significantly associated with lymphedema. The surgery and treatments for breast...activities (such as bowling, golfing, painting, and wallpapering )?” Matching variables. Cases and controls were matched on type of axillary dissection...arm on the side of surgery (such as carrying a purse, typing on a computer) (p=.019). Two additional factors demonstrated protective effects

  12. Air Force JROTC: Introduction and Information Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Air University ,155 N. Twining Street,Maxwelll AFB,AL,36116 8. PERFORMING...Cadets, Prepared for the Future • Cadet Programs • Citizenship, leadership, academics, & extracurricular activities - our “Immersive Learning” tools...required Extracurricular Activities • Community Service Projects • Color Guard and Drill Teams • Marksmanship • Academic Bowl (SAT/ACT

  13. Garrison Dam/Lake Sakakawea Master Plan with Integrated Programmatic Environmental Assessment, Missouri River, Montana: Update of Design Memorandum MGR-107D

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-14

    earthworms) Hirudinea (leeches) Arthropoda Crustacea Anostraca (fairy shrimp) Conchostraca (clam shrimp) Cladocera (water fleas ) Copepoda...courtship, the terns will mate . Eggs are laid in a nest bowl that is a shallow scrape in the sand, soil, or pebbles. The eggs are laid at a rate of...2007 2-75 INSECTS Flea beetle species Altica nancyae S2/G? Range grasses Dakota skipper Hesperia dacotae S2/G2 Tall grass and mid-grass prairie

  14. Cultural Resources Assessment of Selected Sites to be Affected by Flood Protection Activities, Kaskaskia Island Levee Raise Project, Randolph County, Illinois. Phase I and II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-08-01

    unidentified sherds 5 chert flakes 1 biface mid section Historic 3 stoneware 3 whiteware 3 redware; 2 coarse with caramel colored slip, 1 coarse with white...bowl sherds (?), Total I I I . R e d w a r e ----.. . . . A. Body sherds 3 Coarse redware with caramel colored slip; 18th century (Good 1972:72) and...2 A. Coarse earthenware. Redware. White slip with green tin glaze B. Coarse earthenware. Caramel colored glaze R-357 C. Redware D. Refined earthenware

  15. SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION PACKAGES FOR ORGANIC TURMERIC

    OpenAIRE

    Somasundaram, Eagan; G. Shanthi

    2014-01-01

    Turmeric (Curcuma longa L.), a perennial rhizomatous herb has been regarded as an important spice in Asian cuisine. India is called as the “Spice bowl of the world” as it produces variety of spices with quality. Though India leads in production of turmeric, but average productivity is very low due to imbalanced and suboptimal dose of chemical fertilizers, organic manure, bio – fertilizers and micronutrients (Kandiannan and Chandragiri, 2008). Since, turmeric is a nutrient responsive crop and ...

  16. Army Logistician. Volume 41, Issue 4, July-August 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-08-01

    award and captured seven categories, including the Nutritional Hot Food Challenge, first place in the Baron H. Galand Culinary Knowledge Bowl, and...ARMy CULINARy ARTS COMPETITION The 34th Army Culinary Arts Competition was held 2 to 13 March at the Quartermaster Center and School at Fort Lee...Virginia. The Army and one Coast Guard team sent 184 participants to the culi- nary competition. Navy Culinary Specialist First Class Michael

  17. Shoulder injuries in provincial male fast bowlers — predisposing ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Enrique

    need to possess a high level of fitness, thus making them susceptible to overuse injuries as a result of repetitive train- ing.5. The upper extremities account for .... of various body segments to the ball velocity for the front-on action, the front-on bowling action requires a faster run-up. (4.5 m.s-1) than the side-on (3.9 m.s-1), ...

  18. Real-Time Ada (Trademark).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-07-01

    continually denied access to the two forks (or chopsticks ) with which to eat will literally starve. A simple FIFO (First in, first out) queue is fair...front of each of them. Between every two philosophers is a chopstick . Each philosopher needs two chopsticks at any time to pick up some food from the...bowl. However, philosophers may only pick up chopsticks adjacent to themselves. Each philosopher returns the chopsticks to the table after eating. The

  19. Army Sustainment. Volume 42, Issue 4, July-August 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-01

    Museum, and the Advanced Food Service Training Division of the Joint Culinary Center of Ex cellence. To visit the SCoE Facebook page, go to http...day operations. U.S. Army Europe Cooks Take Honors at 2010 Army Culinary Arts Competition The 35th Army Culinary Arts Competition, held from 27... Culinary Know ledge Bowl. Team Puerto Rico had the best ice carv ing in show, and Team Fort Hood, Texas, captured the judges’ special award, cold

  20. Perspectives on managing multi-cultural landscapes: Use, access, and fire/fuels management attitudes and preferences of user groups concerning the Valles Caldera National Preserve (VCNP) and adjacent areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurt F. Anschuetz

    2014-01-01

    The Valles Caldera National Preserve (VCNP), which consists of a large, 1.2- to 1.6-million-year-old volcanic caldera, forms the heart of the Jemez Mountains in north-central New Mexico (Figure 1). Known as the Valles Caldera, this bowl-shaped hollow is an especially treasured place within this beloved mountainous landscape for many residents of the region. Its valles...

  1. Analysis of Movement Acceleration of Down's Syndrome Teenagers Playing Computer Games.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrogi-Vianna, Daniela; Lopes, Paulo Batista; Cymrot, Raquel; Hengles Almeida, Jefferson Jesus; Yazaki, Marcos Lomonaco; Blascovi-Assis, Silvana Maria

    2017-10-10

    This study aimed to evaluate movement acceleration characteristics in adolescents with Down syndrome (DS) and typical development (TD), while playing bowling and golf videogames on the Nintendo(®) Wii™. The sample comprised 21 adolescents diagnosed with DS and 33 with TD of both sexes, between 10 and 14 years of age. The arm swing accelerations of the dominant upper limb were collected as measures during the bowling and the golf games. The first valid measurement, verified by the software readings, recorded at the start of each of the games, was used in the analysis. In the bowling game, the groups presented significant statistical differences, with the maximum (M) peaks of acceleration for the Male Control Group (MCG) (M = 70.37) and Female Control Group (FCG) (M = 70.51) when compared with Male Down Syndrome Group (MDSG) (M = 45.33) and Female Down Syndrome Group (FDSG) (M = 37.24). In the golf game the groups also presented significant statistical differences, the only difference being that the maximum peaks of acceleration for both male groups were superior compared with the female groups, MCG (M = 74.80) and FCG (M = 56.80), as well as in MDSG (M = 45.12) and in FDSG (M = 30.52). It was possible to use accelerometry to evaluate the movement acceleration characteristics of teenagers diagnosed with DS during virtual bowling and golf games played on the Nintendo Wii console.

  2. The Space Shuttle, fluid dynamics, and computer graphics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belie, R. G.

    1986-01-01

    Several samples are presented of CFD-generated flow ribbon images of fuel flow in the SSME. The images result from simulations of H2 flow through a design iteration of the main injector, the hot gas manifold and the fuel bowl section. The color-coded ribbons provide three-dimensional perspectives which indicate the direction and orientation of the flow and the velocity magnitude in intervals along the flow path.

  3. 2009 Ground Robotics Capabilities Conference and Exhibition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-26

    Crossing Plan ( B2B ) 1. Target Customer 2. Compelling Reason to Buy 3. Whole Product 4. Partners & Allies 5. Distribution 6. Pricing 7. Competition 8...Positioning 9. Next Target Customer DEMAND SUPPLY GO-TO- MARKET STRATEGIC FOCUS Dealing with Darwin © 2006, TCG Advisors LLC April 10, 2009 5 Economic...get better values Compelling Reason to Buy What is Driving the Adoption At This Time? Main Street Tornado Bowling Alley Early Market Dealing with

  4. Effects of fuel and air mixing on WOT output in direct injection gasoline engine; Chokufun gasoline kikan ni okeru nenryo to kuki no kongo to shutsuryoku seino

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Noda, T.; Iriya, Y.; Naito, K.; Mitsumoto, H.; Iiyama, A. [Nissan Motor Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    The effects of in-cylinder charge motion and the characteristics of the fuel spray and piston crown shape on WOT output in a direct injection gasoline engine are investigated. The fuel and air mixing process in a cylinder is analyzed by computer simulation and LIF method visualization. As a result, the technical factors to achieve enough mixing in a DI gasoline engine equipped with bowl in piston optimized for stratified combustion are clarified. 7 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

  5. Configural and featural processing in humans with congenital prosopagnosia

    OpenAIRE

    Lobmaier, Janek S.; Bölte, Jens; Mast, Fred W.; Dobel, Christian

    2010-01-01

    Prosopagnosia describes the failure to recognize faces, a deficiency that can be devastating in social interactions. Cases of acquired prosopagnosia have often been described over the last century. In recent years, more and more cases of congenital prosopagnosia (CP) have been reported. In the present study we tried to determine possible cognitive characteristics of this impairment. We used scrambled and blurred images of faces, houses, and sugar bowls to separate featural processing strategi...

  6. Changes in the subjective symptoms of fatigue of American college students after physical education activity

    OpenAIRE

    前橋,明

    1991-01-01

    To understand the effects of physical loading on the health status of the college students who attend the physical education activity classes, the subjective changes in their living body caused by exercise were studied according to sex and type of activity. In this investigation, 225 college students attending their physical education class for 50 minutes, were asked of their subjective symptoms of fatigue before and after the physical education activities (tennis, racketball, bowling and wei...

  7. Improving Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-13

    reforms. Senator Sam Ervin was the dogged advocate for the Military Justice Act of 1968. In 1962, Senator Ervin convened the first congressional...authorities in Europe to the workings of military justice in their bailiwick.”411 After describing horrific substantive and procedural due process...http://www.nytimes.com/2010/04/27/ world/27powerpoint.html?_r=0. 150 “looked more like a bowl of spaghetti” reads, “A PowerPoint diagram meant to

  8. School Choice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gene V Glass

    1994-02-01

    Full Text Available Eighteen educators and scholars discuss vouchers as a means of promoting school choice and introducing competition into education. The discussion centers around the thinking of the economist Herbert Gintis, who participated in the discussion, and his notion of market socialism as it might apply to education. In 1976, Gintis published, with Samuel Bowles, Schooling in Capitalist America; in 1994, he is arguing for competitive markets for the delivery of schooling.

  9. A foodborne outbreak of Cryptosporidium hominis infection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ethelberg, S.; Lisby, M.; Vestergaard, L. S.

    2009-01-01

    separate salad bar ingredients were found to be likely sources: peeled whole carrots served in a bowl of water, grated carrots, and red peppers (in multivariate analysis, whole carrots: OR 2.1, 95% CI 1.1-4.0; grated carrots: OR 2.1, 95% CI 1.2-3.9; peppers: OR 3.3, 95% CI 1.7-6.6). We speculate...

  10. Guidance Document: Surface Soils Sampling for Munitions Residues in Military Live Fire Training Ranges: Canadian Protocol

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    substances in water , while the Canadian Environmental Protection Act [3] is concerned with pollution prevention and toxic substances releases...dish, metal spatula, interior of fume hood) must be washed thoroughly using soapy hot water (Micro-90 soap is recommended), rinsed with demineralised...aluminum liner (if used) is discarded and all the other materials are washed (sieve, bowl, fume hood surface) using soapy hot water (Micro-90 soap is

  11. The America Supports You Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-12

    corporations have joined the America Supports You program—including AT&T, Checkers, the Grand Ole Opry, McDonald’s, NASCAR , the PGA TOUR, Ringling Bros...provide NASCAR with a list of on-site and homefront components we are most interested in and rank these items in order of priority. We believe...participated in Fourth of July festivities, the 2006 Armed Forces Bowl, Daytona 500 NASCAR event, and a Houston Texans Football game. However, Y3K Grafix

  12. Can schools buy success in college football? Coach compensation, expenditures and performance

    OpenAIRE

    Mirabile, McDonald; Witte, Mark

    2012-01-01

    Using unique data of Football Bowl Subdivision college football games, we examine the determinants of coach compensation, football expenses and performance. We find that coach compensation is highly related to the coach’s past success. Additionally, coach pay is higher when the institution has a larger fan base and the program has achieved a higher profit in the previous year. Football expenses are likewise determined by institutional characteristics such as the fan base, past profitability...

  13. Centrotriindane- and triptindane-based polymers of intrinsic microporosity

    OpenAIRE

    Vile, James; Carta, Mariolino; Bezzu, C. Grazia; Kariuki, Benson M.; McKeown, Neil B.

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we describe the synthesis and physical characterisation of polymers derived from hydroxyl containing bowl-shaped "centrotriindane" and propellane-type "triptindane" monomers using the dibenzodioxin-forming polymerisation reaction with 2,3,5,6-tetrafluoroterephthalonitrile. Evaluation of the microporosity of the resulting polymers via nitrogen adsorption measurements revealed apparent Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface areas in the range of 555-1039 m2 g-1 which can be related ...

  14. PERFECTING OF THE TECHNOLOGY OF THE OUT-OF-FUMACE PROCESSING OF STEEL AT RUP “BMZ” BY THE EXAMPLE OF ESPTS-1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Ju. Gunenkov

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available There are achieved all production-technological figures, concerned with embedding of the out-of-furnace processing “bowl- furnace'' installation, i.e the casting duration in the steel-making furnace is reduced, the consumption of electrodes per one ton of good steel is reduced, and also the consumption of refractory bricks is reduced and metal overflows into furnace are excluded.

  15. MODEL OF HYDRODYNAMIC MIXING OF CARBONIC POWDERS IN VACUUMATOR, USED IN STEEL-MAKING OF RUP “BMZ”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. N. Chichko

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The mathematical model of the mixing and dissolving process of carbonic powder in a system '"vacuumator-bowl” under influence of circulating argon is offered. The spatial distribution of hydrodynamic currents at mixing of carbonic powder, received on the basis of computer calculations is presented. The character of distribution of hydrodynamic speeds of melt (circulating currents in industrial bowl and vacuumator for different time slots of mixing is determined. 

  16. 78 FR 55065 - Meeting of the Defense Advisory Committee on Women in the Services (DACOWITS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-09

    ...:30 p.m.; Friday, September 27, 2013, from 1:30 p.m. to 4:30 p.m. ADDRESSES: Sheraton National Hotel... or DACOWITS Staff at 4000 Defense Pentagon, Room 5A734, Washington, DC 20301-4000. Robert.d.bowling1... determine who of the requesting persons will be able to make an oral presentation of their issue during an...

  17. Focused ultrasound transducer spatial peak intensity estimation: a comparison of methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Civale, John; Rivens, Ian; Shaw, Adam; Ter Haar, Gail R

    2018-02-13

    Characterisation of the spatial peak intensity at the focus of high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) transducers is difficult because of the risk of damage to hydrophone sensors at the high focal pressures generated. Hill et al (1994) provided a simple equation for estimating spatial-peak intensity for solid spherical bowl transducers using measured acoustic power and focal beamwidth. This paper demonstrates theoretically and experimentally that this expression is only strictly valid for spherical bowl transducers without a central (imaging) aperture. A hole in the centre of the transducer results in over-estimation of the peak intensity. Improved strategies for determining focal peak intensity from a measurement of total acoustic power are proposed. Four methods are compared: (i) a solid spherical bowl approximation (after Hill et al 1994), (ii) a numerical method derived from theory, (iii) a method using measured sidelobe to focal peak pressure, and (iv) a method for measuring the focal power fraction (FPF) experimentally. Spatial-peak intensities were estimated for 8 transducers at three drive powers levels: low (approximately 1W), moderate (~10W) and high (20 - 70W). The calculated intensities were compared with those derived from focal peak pressure measurements made using a calibrated hydrophone. The FPF measurement method was found to provide focal peak intensity estimates that agreed most closely (within 15%) with the hydrophone measurements, followed by the pressure ratio method (within 20%). The numerical method was found to consistently over-estimate focal peak intensity (+40% on average), however, for transducers with a central hole it was more accurate than using the solid bowl assumption (+70% overestimation). In conclusion, the ability to make use of an automated beam plotting system, and a hydrophone with good spatial resolution, greatly facilitates characterisation of the FPF, and consequently gives improved confidence in estimating spatial peak

  18. Labyrinth for an ignition distributor cap and rotor assembly with atmospheric purging action

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kronberger, L.J.

    1986-12-23

    This patent describes an ignition distributor to work with spark plug electrodes, a rotor electrode, a coil electrode and a shaft for an internal combustion engine with cylinders, the ignition distributor comprising: a bowl shaped housing; a distributor cap comprising: a generally dome shape with a generally hollow interior and with a circular shaped bottom to mate with the bowl shaped housing; spark towers equal in number to the number of cylinders of the internal combustion engine, projecting up from the top of the dome shape and slotted to accept spark plug electrodes and allow them to protrude into the distributor cap interior for communication with the rotor electrode; a vent tower projecting up from the top of the dome shape and provided with a vent port through to the distributor cap interior to allow for the outward flow of the atmosphere inside the distributor cap and bowl shaped housing; a coil tower projecting up from the top of the dome shape and slotted to accept a coil electrode and allow it to protrude into the distributor cap interior for communication with the rotor electrode; an inner labyrinth of annular shape on the interior surface of the dome shape surround the coil electrode and protruding into the hollow interior of the dome shape; and an outer labyrinth of annular shape on the interior surface of the dome shape surrounding the inner labyrinth thereby forming an annular channel.

  19. Following human pointing: Where do dogs (Canis familiaris) look at to find food?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carballo, Fabricio; Freidin, Esteban; Casanave, Emma; Bentosela, Mariana

    2016-07-01

    Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) are notably skillful in following cues from people (e.g., pointing gestures). However, not much is known about the processing of information available during such tasks. We here focus on one of the earliest of such processes, namely attention. The goal of the present work was to describe variations in dogs' attention towards diverse targets while they solve an object choice task with human pointing. The direction of subjects' gaze was measured in the period comprising one second before and two seconds after the experimenter called the dog and simultaneously performed a static distal pointing gesture towards the correct bowl. We did two consecutive training phases: acquisition and extinction. Dogs spent more time watching the pointer than the pointing gesture itself and the correct than the incorrect bowl. Indeed, the time spent watching the correct bowl was the best predictor of correct choices across phases. We discuss the relevance of these findings for the process of local enhancement. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. Effect of piston profile on performance and emission characteristics of a GDI engine with split injection strategy - A CFD study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karaya, Y.; Mallikarjuna, J. M.

    2017-09-01

    Gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines have gained popularity in the recent times because of lower fuel consumption and exhaust emissions. But in these engines, the mixture preparation plays an important role which affects combustion, performance and emission characteristics. The mixture preparation in turn depends mainly upon combustion chamber geometry. Therefore, in this study, an attempt has been made to understand the effect of piston profile on the performance and emission characteristics in a GDI engine. The analysis is carried out on a four-stroke wall guided GDI engine using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The spray breakup model used is validated with the available experimental results from the literature to the extent possible. The analysis is carried out for four piston profiles viz., offset pentroof with offset bowl (OPOB), flat piston with offset bowl (FPOB), offset pentroof with offset scoop (OPOS) and inclined piston with offset bowl (IPOB) fitted in an engine equipped with a six-hole injector with the split injection ratio of 30:70. All the CFD simulations are carried out at the engine speed of 2000 rev/min., with the overall equivalence ratio of about 0.65±0.05. The performance and emission characteristics of the engine are compared while using the above piston profiles. It is found that, the OPOB piston is preferred compared to that of the other pistons because it has better in-cylinder flow, IMEP and lower HC emissions compared to that of other pistons.