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Sample records for borate glasses doped

  1. Synthesis and characterization of cadmium doped lead–borate glasses

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A A Alemi; H Sedghi; A R Mirmohseni; V Golsanamlu

    2006-02-01

    Cadmium doped lead–borate glasses were prepared from the melts in appropriate proportions of PbO2, H3BO3 and (15–40 mol%) CdO mixture in the temperature range 700–950°C. The infrared spectra of the glasses in the range 400–4000 cm-1 show their structures. No boroxol ring formation was observed in the structure of these glasses. Furthermore, doped cadmium atoms were not seen in tetrahedral coordination. But the conversion of three-fold to four-fold coordination of boron atoms in the structure of glasses was observed.

  2. Infrared spectra of zinc doped lead borate glasses

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S G Motke; S P Yawale; S S Yawale

    2002-02-01

    The infrared spectra of zinc-doped lead borate glasses (10–30 mol% ZnO) were measured over a continuous spectral range (400–4000 cm–1) in an attempt to study their structure systematically. No boroxol ring formation was observed in the structure of these glasses. The formation of Zn in tetrahedral coordination was not observed. The conversion of three-fold to four-fold coordinated boron took place.

  3. Optical properties of Eu3+-doped zinc borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Photoluminescence, absorption and optical excitation spectra of undoped and Eu3+-doped binary zinc borate glasses of varied composition prepared by the melt quenching technique in air atmosphere were investigated. From photoluminescence measurements it was found that growing Eu3+ concentration leads to gradual disappearance of the broadband glass emission in the near-UV spectral range, while the red Eu3+ emission at 613 nm shows a considerable increase. This result together with excitation spectra suggests that the Eu3+ ions are excited via energy transfer from the initially excited glassy host. The glass composition strongly affects the position of the excitation maximum in the UV energy range

  4. Dosimetric properties of dysprosium doped lithium borate glass irradiated by 6 MV photons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Undoped and dysprosium doped lithium borate glass system with empirical formula (70–x) B2O3–30 Li2O–(x) Dy2O3 (x=0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 1.0 mol%) were prepared using the melt-quenching technique. The dosimetric measurements were performed by irradiating the samples to 6 MV photon beam using linear accelerator (LINAC) over a dose range of 0.5–5.0 Gy. The glass series of dysprosium doped lithium borate glass produced the best thermoluminescence (TL) glow curve with the highest intensity peak from sample with 1.0 mol% Dy2O3 concentration. Minimum detectable dose was detected at 2.24 mGy, good linearity of regression coefficient, high reproducibility and high sensitivity compared to the undoped glass are from 1.0 mol% dysprosium doped lithium borate glass. The results indicated that the series of dysprosium doped lithium glasses have a great potential to be considered as a thermoluminescence dosimetry (TLD). - Highlights: • TL response of undoped and dysprosium doped lithium borate glass subjected to 6 MV photons irradiation at low dose range. • TL linear response of dysprosium doped lithium borate glass. • The sensitivity of dysprosium doped lithium borate glass is approximately 93 times higher than undoped glass

  5. Spectroscopic properties of the Ce-doped borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kindrat, I. I.; Padlyak, B. V.; Mahlik, S.; Kukliński, B.; Kulyk, Y. O.

    2016-09-01

    The EPR, optical absorption and photoluminescence (emission and excitation) spectra as well as decay kinetics of a series of the Ce-doped glasses with Li2B4O7, LiKB4O7, CaB4O7, and LiCaBO3 compositions have been investigated and analysed. The borate glasses were obtained from the corresponding polycrystalline compounds in the air atmosphere, using standard glass technology. The EPR signals of the isolated Ce3+ and pair Ce3+-Ce3+ centres, coupled by magnetic dipolar and exchange interactions were registered at liquid helium temperatures. The characteristic for glass host broad bands corresponding to the 4f → 5d transitions of the Ce3+centres have been observed in the optical absorption and photoluminescence (emission and excitation) spectra. The obtained luminescence decay curves can be satisfactory described by exponential function with lifetimes in the 19.8-26.1 ns range, which depend on the basic glass composition. The local structure of Ce3+ centres in the investigated glasses has been considered and discussed.

  6. Optical properties of Dy3+ doped bismuth zinc borate glass and glass ceramics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanmugavelu, B.; Kanth Kumar, V. V. Ravi

    2012-06-01

    Dy3+ doped bismuth zinc borate transparent glasses were prepared by melt quenching technique and these glasses were used precursor to obtain transparent glass ceramics by heat treatment method. XRD pattern of the glass ceramic shows the formation of the β-BiB3O6 and Bi2ZnOB2O6 phases. The visible emission intensity of the glass ceramics is stronger than the glass. This can be due to the formation of nano nonlinear optical crystallites in glass matrix.

  7. Structural, optical and glass transition studies on Nd3+-doped lead bismuth borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nd3+-doped lead bismuth borate (PbO-Bi2O3-B2O3) glasses were prepared with different concentrations of Nd3+. The structural studies were done through FTIR spectral analysis. The glass transition studies were done through differential scanning calorimetry. The optical analysis was done by using Judd-Ofelt theory. The structural study reveals that the glass has [BiO3], BO4, BO3 and PbO4 units as the local structures

  8. Luminescence properties of the Sm-doped borate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kindrat, I.I. [University of Zielona Góra, Institute of Physics, Division of Spectroscopy of Functional Materials, 4a Szafrana Street, 65-516 Zielona Góra (Poland); Padlyak, B.V., E-mail: B.Padlyak@if.uz.zgora.pl [University of Zielona Góra, Institute of Physics, Division of Spectroscopy of Functional Materials, 4a Szafrana Street, 65-516 Zielona Góra (Poland); Vlokh Institute of Physical Optics, 23 Dragomanov Street, 79-005 Lviv (Ukraine); Drzewiecki, A. [University of Zielona Góra, Institute of Physics, Division of Spectroscopy of Functional Materials, 4a Szafrana Street, 65-516 Zielona Góra (Poland)

    2015-10-15

    The optical absorption and photoluminescence (emission and excitation) spectra as well as decay kinetics of a series of the Sm-doped glasses with Li{sub 2}B{sub 4}O{sub 7}, LiKB{sub 4}O{sub 7}, CaB{sub 4}O{sub 7}, and LiCaBO{sub 3} compositions were investigated and analysed. The Li{sub 2}B{sub 4}O{sub 7}:Sm, LiKB{sub 4}O{sub 7}:Sm, CaB{sub 4}O{sub 7}:Sm, and LiCaBO{sub 3}:Sm glasses of high optical quality have been obtained from the corresponding polycrystalline compounds in the air atmosphere, using a standard glass technology. On the basis of electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and optical spectra analysis it was shown that the samarium impurity is incorporated into the glass network as Sm{sup 3+} (4f{sup 5}, {sup 6}H{sub 5/2}) ions, exclusively. All observed 4f – 4f transitions of the Sm{sup 3+} centres in the optical absorption and luminescence spectra of the investigated glasses are identified. Most intense emission band of the Sm{sup 3+} ions peaked about 598 nm ({sup 4}G{sub 5/2} → {sup 6}H{sub 7/2} transition) is characterised by a single exponential decay with typical lifetime values, which depend on the basic glass composition as well as concentration and local structure of the Sm{sup 3+} luminescence centres. The quantum efficiency has been evaluated for observed transitions of the Sm{sup 3+} centres using obtained experimental lifetimes and radiative lifetimes calculated by Judd–Ofelt theory. The calculated high quantum efficiencies and measured quantum yields of luminescence show that the investigated borate glasses are perspective luminescence materials. Energy transfer from the Ce{sup 3+} non-controlled impurity and intrinsic luminescence centres to the Sm{sup 3+} centres has been observed. Peculiarities of the Sm{sup 3+} local structure in the network of investigated glasses have been discussed based on the obtained spectroscopic results and structural data. - Highlights: • The Sm-doped Li{sub 2}B{sub 4}O{sub 7}, LiKB{sub 4}O{sub 7}, Ca

  9. Elastic properties of Li+ doped lead zinc borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajaramakrishna, R.; Lakshmikantha, R.; Anavekar, R. V.

    2014-04-01

    Glasses in the system 0.25PbO-(0.25-x) ZnO-0.5B2O3-xLi2O have been prepared by the melt quenching technique. Elastic properties, DSC studies have been employed to study the role of Li2O in the present glass system. Elastic properties and Debye temperature have been determined using pulsed echo ultrasonic interferometer operating at 10MHz. Sound velocities Vl, Vt and elastic moduli decrease up to 5 mol% and then gradually increase with increase in Li2O concentration. Debye temperature and the glass transition temperature decreases with increase in Li2O. Densities remains almost constant up to 15 mol% Li2O concentration and increases monotonically while the molar volume decreases with the increase of Li2O concentration. The results are discussed in view of the borate structural network and dual role of Zn and Pb in these glasses.

  10. Structural investigation of Zn doped sodium bismuth borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhatia, V.; Kumar, D.; Singh, D.; Singh, S. P.

    2016-05-01

    A series of Bismuth Borate Oxide Glass samples with composition x(ZnO):(15-x)Na2O:15Bi2O3:70B2O3 (variation in x is from 6 to 12 mole %) have been prepared by conventional melt quenching technique. All the chemicals used were of Analytical Grade. In order to verify the amorphous nature of the prepared samples the X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) was done. The physical and structural properties have been explored by using the techniques such as density, molar volume and FTIR in order to understand the effect of alkali and transition metal ions on the structure of these glasses. The results obtained by these techniques are in good agreement to one another and with literature as well. With the increase in the content of ZnO, the increase in density and some variations in structural coordination (ratio of BO3 & BO4 structural units) have been observed.

  11. Fluorescence properties of Eu3+ ions doped borate and fluoroborate glasses containing lithium, zinc and lead.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venkatramu, V; Babu, P; Jayasankar, C K

    2006-02-01

    The influence of glass composition on the fluorescence properties of Eu3+ ions doped borate and fluoroborate glasses modified with Li+, Zn2+ and Pb2+ cations have been investigated. The magnitude of splittings of 7F1 levels are analyzed using crystal-field (CF) analysis. The relative intensities of 5D0 --> 7F2 to 5D0 --> 7F1 transitions, crystal-field strength parameters and decay times of the 5D0 level have been determined and are found to be lower for Pb based glasses than those of Zn/Li based glasses. The lifetimes of 5D0 level are found to increase when borate glasses are modified with pure fluorides than with oxides and oxyfluorides. The fluorescence decay of 5D0 level fits perfect single exponential in the Eu3+:glass systems studied which indicates the absence of energy transfer between Eu3+ ions in these glasses. PMID:15979397

  12. Physical and optical characterization of Er3+ doped lead-zinc-borate glass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sooraj Hussain, N; Cardoso, P J; Hungerford, G; Gomes, M J M; Ali, Nasar; Santos, J D; Buddhudu, S

    2009-06-01

    This paper reports on the systematic optical characterization of Er3+ (1.0%) doped lead-zinc-borate glass from the measured absorption, luminescence and fluorescence lifetime decay curve profiles. By the application of the Judd-Ofelt theory, spectral intensities of the absorption bands have been analysed and these absorption results have been used in evaluating the luminescence properties of the Er3+ doped lead-zinc-borate glass. Stimulated emission cross-sections (sigmapE) of the measured emission transitions have been computed. Based on the measured glass density, and refractive indices, other related physical parameters have also been evaluated. Further, the structural and morphology of the glass material have also been investigated from X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy analysis. PMID:19504881

  13. Spectroscopic and ultrasonic investigations on structural characterization of borate glass specimen doped with transition metal ions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sathish, K; Thirumaran, S

    2015-08-01

    The present work describes the glass samples of composition (x% V₂O₅-(80-x)% B₂O₃-20% Na₂CO₃) VBS glass system and (x%MnO₂-(80-x)% B₂O₃-20% Na₂CO₃) in MBS glass system with mol% ranging from x=3, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 18 in steps of 3 mol% are prepared by melt quenching technique. For these prepared glass systems, sound velocity (longitudinal and shear velocities) and density have been measured. The sound velocity (longitudinal and shear) was measured by using pulse-echo technique at 5 MHz. The XRD study was carried to out to ascertain the amorphous nature of the glass specimen. Using these measured values, the elastic moduli, Poisson's ratio, Debye temperature, acoustic impedance and thermal expansion coefficient of the two glass systems were evaluated. The elastic and mechanical properties of the prepared glass systems are analyzed from ultrasonic study and the structural characterization from spectroscopic study. The effects due to the doping of transition metal ions with borate have been discussed. In the V₂O₅ doped glass system,(VBS glass system) the sound velocity, density and elastic moduli, steeply increases after 12 mol% comparatively with MnO₂ doped glass system (VBS glass system). The present study critically observes the doping of V₂O₅ with borate enhances the strengthening of network linkage and hardening of the glassy network structure than MnO₂. The IR spectral analysis reveals depolymerization of the borate network and conversion of BO₃ or BO4 units with the formation of non-bridging oxygen. The FTIR spectral studies confirm the presence of various functional groups of the sample. FTIR spectrum of sample exhibits broad absorption bands indicating the wide distribution of borate structural units. The effect of Na₂CO₃, V₂O₅ and MnO₂ contents on the structures of borate glass is evaluated from the FTIR spectra. The topological aspects of the prepared glass samples are exhaustively reported from SEM micrographs

  14. Spectroscopic and ultrasonic investigations on structural characterization of borate glass specimen doped with transition metal ions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sathish, K.; Thirumaran, S.

    2015-08-01

    The present work describes the glass samples of composition (x% V2O5-(80-x)% B2O3-20% Na2CO3) VBS glass system and (x% MnO2-(80-x)% B2O3-20% Na2CO3) in MBS glass system with mol% ranging from x = 3, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 18 in steps of 3 mol% are prepared by melt quenching technique. For these prepared glass systems, sound velocity (longitudinal and shear velocities) and density have been measured. The sound velocity (longitudinal and shear) was measured by using pulse-echo technique at 5 MHz. The XRD study was carried to out to ascertain the amorphous nature of the glass specimen. Using these measured values, the elastic moduli, Poisson's ratio, Debye temperature, acoustic impedance and thermal expansion coefficient of the two glass systems were evaluated. The elastic and mechanical properties of the prepared glass systems are analyzed from ultrasonic study and the structural characterization from spectroscopic study. The effects due to the doping of transition metal ions with borate have been discussed. In the V2O5 doped glass system, (VBS glass system) the sound velocity, density and elastic moduli, steeply increases after 12 mol% comparatively with MnO2 doped glass system (VBS glass system). The present study critically observes the doping of V2O5 with borate enhances the strengthening of network linkage and hardening of the glassy network structure than MnO2. The IR spectral analysis reveals depolymerization of the borate network and conversion of BO3 or BO4 units with the formation of non-bridging oxygen. The FTIR spectral studies confirm the presence of various functional groups of the sample. FTIR spectrum of sample exhibits broad absorption bands indicating the wide distribution of borate structural units. The effect of Na2CO3, V2O5 and MnO2 contents on the structures of borate glass is evaluated from the FTIR spectra. The topological aspects of the prepared glass samples are exhaustively reported from SEM micrographs.

  15. Spectroscopic study of neodymium doped lead-bismuth-borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasha, Altaf; Dayani, P.; Negalur, Mahesh; Swamy, Manjunatha; Abhiram, J.; Rajaramakrishna, R.

    2016-05-01

    This paper reports on different physical and optical properties of rare earth doped heavy metal oxide glasses. The glass composition of 10Bi2O3-30PbO-60B2O3-xNd2O3 where x = 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.5 and 1 (in mol %) has been synthesized using melt-quenching technique. Refractive index measurements for these glasses were done and physical parameters were studied. Structural properties of these glasses were analysed through infrared spectra that was recorded between 1600cm-1 and 300cm-1 in transmission mode. The optical absorption spectra were recorded in the wavelength range from 300 to 700 nm. The transitions originated from ground state energy 4I9/2. The energy level analysis has been carried out by considering absorption spectral bands. The results thus obtained are comparable with reports on similar glasses, indicating that the prepared glasses may have potential laser applications.

  16. Optical Properties of Eu3+ Doped Lead Borate Tellurite and Zinc Borate Tellurite Glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shigihalli, N. B.; Rajaramakrishna, R.; Anavekar, R. V.

    2011-07-01

    This paper describes the synthesis and optical absorption studies of the glass system 20PbO-20TeO2-(60-x)B2O3-x Eu2O3 (x = 0,1 mol %) and 20ZnO-20TeO2-(60-x)B2O3-xEu2O3 (x = 0,1 mol %). These glass systems have been successfully prepared by the melt quenching technique. The X-ray diffractograms show broad peaks indicating glasses are amorphous. DSC thermograms show glass transition temperatures around 655K for PbO content and around 675 K for ZnO content glass samples. In the UV-Visible spectra, several absorption lines are observed. The absorption peaks are around 362, 375, 393 and 464 nm for both Eu3+ doped PbO and ZnO content glass systems. These correspond to transitions from ground state of 7F0 to the excited state of 5D4, 5G4, 5L6 and 5D2 respectively for both Eu3+ doped PbO and ZnO content glass systems. These glasses are expected to give interesting applications in the area of optical devices.

  17. Dosimetric properties of dysprosium doped calcium magnesium borate glass subjected to Co-60 gamma ray

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thermoluminescence (TL) dosimetric properties of dysprosium doped calcium magnesium borate (CMB:Dy) glass are presented. This study is deemed to understand the application of calcium as the modifier in magnesium borate glass with the presence of dysprosium as the activator to be performed as TL dosimeter (TLD). The study provides fundamental knowledge of a glass system that may lead to perform new TL glass dosimetry application in future research. Calcium magnesium borate glass systems of (70-y) B2O3 − 20 CaO – 10 MgO-(y) Dy2O3 with 0.05  mol % ≤ y ≤ 0.7  mol % of dyprosium were prepared by melt-quenching technique. The amorphous structure and TL properties of the prepared samples were determined using powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and TL reader; model Harshaw 4500 respectively. The samples were irradiated to Co-60 gamma source at a dose of 50 Gy. Dosimetric properties such as annealing procedure, time temperature profile (TTP) setting, optimization of Dy2O3 concentration of 0.5 mol % were determined for thermoluminescence dosimeter (TLD) reader used

  18. Dosimetric properties of dysprosium doped calcium magnesium borate glass subjected to Co-60 gamma ray

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omar, R. S.; Wagiran, H.; Saeed, M. A.

    2016-01-01

    Thermoluminescence (TL) dosimetric properties of dysprosium doped calcium magnesium borate (CMB:Dy) glass are presented. This study is deemed to understand the application of calcium as the modifier in magnesium borate glass with the presence of dysprosium as the activator to be performed as TL dosimeter (TLD). The study provides fundamental knowledge of a glass system that may lead to perform new TL glass dosimetry application in future research. Calcium magnesium borate glass systems of (70-y) B2O3 - 20 CaO - 10 MgO-(y) Dy2O3 with 0.05 mol % ≤ y ≤ 0.7 mol % of dyprosium were prepared by melt-quenching technique. The amorphous structure and TL properties of the prepared samples were determined using powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and TL reader; model Harshaw 4500 respectively. The samples were irradiated to Co-60 gamma source at a dose of 50 Gy. Dosimetric properties such as annealing procedure, time temperature profile (TTP) setting, optimization of Dy2O3 concentration of 0.5 mol % were determined for thermoluminescence dosimeter (TLD) reader used.

  19. Dosimetric properties of dysprosium doped calcium magnesium borate glass subjected to Co-60 gamma ray

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Omar, R. S., E-mail: ratnasuffhiyanni@gmail.com; Wagiran, H., E-mail: husin@utm.my; Saeed, M. A. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Johor Bahru (Malaysia)

    2016-01-22

    Thermoluminescence (TL) dosimetric properties of dysprosium doped calcium magnesium borate (CMB:Dy) glass are presented. This study is deemed to understand the application of calcium as the modifier in magnesium borate glass with the presence of dysprosium as the activator to be performed as TL dosimeter (TLD). The study provides fundamental knowledge of a glass system that may lead to perform new TL glass dosimetry application in future research. Calcium magnesium borate glass systems of (70-y) B{sub 2}O{sub 3} − 20 CaO – 10 MgO-(y) Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} with 0.05  mol % ≤ y ≤ 0.7  mol % of dyprosium were prepared by melt-quenching technique. The amorphous structure and TL properties of the prepared samples were determined using powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and TL reader; model Harshaw 4500 respectively. The samples were irradiated to Co-60 gamma source at a dose of 50 Gy. Dosimetric properties such as annealing procedure, time temperature profile (TTP) setting, optimization of Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} concentration of 0.5 mol % were determined for thermoluminescence dosimeter (TLD) reader used.

  20. Thermal stability and spectroscopic properties of Ho3+doped tellurite-borate glasses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨艳民; 刘延洲; 蔡培庆; Ramzi Maalej; Hyo Jin Seo

    2015-01-01

    Ho3+ions doped tellurite-borate glass samples with varying compositions were prepared. The compositional dependence on phenomenological Judd-Ofelt parameters was compared in different kinds of rare earth ions doped tellurite-borate glasses. Two methods were used to obtain radiative transition probability of 5I7 level with the aim of assuring the fitting quality. The integral ab-sorption cross-sections and line shapes corresponding to 5I8→5G6 and 5I8→5I7 transition of Ho3+ions were investigated in tellurite-borate glasses. The obtained data indicated that the integral absorption cross-sections corresponding to 5I8→5G6 transition of Ho3+ions mainly depended on phenomenological Judd-Ofelt parameter,Ω2, because 5I8→5G6 transition belonged to hypersensitive transitions, which led to a largerΩ2 value. The change of line shapes of absorption spectra corresponding to 5I8→5G6 and 5I8→5I7 transitions of Ho3+ions came from the lower energy regions, which could be attributed to the changed distribution of Stark levels and thermal population.

  1. Optical and Physical Properties of Bismuth Borate Glasses Doped With Dy3+

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Limsuwan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This study reports on physical and optical properties of Dy3+ doped bismuth borate glass. The glasses containing Dy3+ in (70-xB2O3:30Bi2O3:xDy2O3 (where x = 0.0-2.5 mol% have been prepared by melt-quenching method. In order to understand the role of Dy2O3 in these glasses, the density, molar volume and optical spectra were investigated. The results show that molar volume of the glasses increase with the increasing of Dy2O3 concentration and consequently generating more non-bridging oxygen (NBOs into glass matrix. The absorption spectra of Dy3+ doped in bismuth borate glass correspond with several bands, which are assigned from the ground state, 6H15/2 to 6F3/2(761 nm, 6F5/2(806 nm, 6F7/2(907 nm, (6H7/2, 6F9/2(1099 nm, (6F11/2, 6H9/2 (1283 nm and 6H11/2(1695 nm. Moreover, the optical basicities were also theoretically determined.

  2. Visible luminescence characteristics of Sm{sup 3+} doped Zinc Alumino Bismuth Borate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Swapna, K.; Mahamuda, Sk. [Department of Physics, K L University, Green Fields, Vaddeswaram 522502, AP (India); Rao, A. Srinivasa, E-mail: drsrallam@yahoo.co.in [Department of Physics, K L University, Green Fields, Vaddeswaram 522502, AP (India); Department of Applied Physics, Delhi Technological University, Delhi 110042 (India); Sasikala, T.; Moorthy, L. Rama [Department of Physics, S V University, Tirupathi 517502, AP (India)

    2014-02-15

    Zinc Alumino Bismuth Borate (ZnAlBiB) glasses at different compositions doped with 1 mol% of Sm{sup 3+} ions were prepared by using the melt quenching technique and investigated by XRD, optical absorption, emission and decay curve analysis to understand the visible luminescence of these glasses. From the absorption spectra the JO parameters are evaluated and are used to calculate the radiative properties such as transition probability, radiative lifetime, branching ratio and absorption cross-sections for various fluorescent levels of Sm{sup 3+} ions. The emission spectra of Sm{sup 3+} ions doped ZnAlBiB glasses show two intense emission bands {sup 4}G{sub 5/2}→{sup 6}H{sub 7/2} (orange) and {sup 4}G{sub 5/2}→{sup 6}H{sub 9/2} (red) for which the stimulated emission cross-section and branching ratios are evaluated to understand the potentiality of these materials as visible lasers. The decay profiles for the {sup 4}G{sub 5/2} fluorescent level of Sm{sup 3+} doped ZnAlBiB glasses have been recorded to measure the quantum efficiency (η) of these glasses. The strong visible emissions, large stimulated emission cross-sections, high branching ratios and good quantum efficiencies observed for the present ZnAlBiB glasses suggest the suitability of these glasses as laser and photonic devices operating in visible region. -- Highlights: • Sm{sup 3+} doped ZnAlBiB glasses have been synthesised using melt quenching technique. • JO theory has been applied to evaluate the radiative properties of Sm{sup 3+} doped ZnAlBiB glasses. • Emission cross-sections have been evaluated for the intense emission transitions. • Quantum efficiency of the ZnAlBiB glasses was measured to understand the suitability of these glasses for lasers.

  3. Visible luminescence characteristics of Sm3+ doped Zinc Alumino Bismuth Borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zinc Alumino Bismuth Borate (ZnAlBiB) glasses at different compositions doped with 1 mol% of Sm3+ ions were prepared by using the melt quenching technique and investigated by XRD, optical absorption, emission and decay curve analysis to understand the visible luminescence of these glasses. From the absorption spectra the JO parameters are evaluated and are used to calculate the radiative properties such as transition probability, radiative lifetime, branching ratio and absorption cross-sections for various fluorescent levels of Sm3+ ions. The emission spectra of Sm3+ ions doped ZnAlBiB glasses show two intense emission bands 4G5/2→6H7/2 (orange) and 4G5/2→6H9/2 (red) for which the stimulated emission cross-section and branching ratios are evaluated to understand the potentiality of these materials as visible lasers. The decay profiles for the 4G5/2 fluorescent level of Sm3+ doped ZnAlBiB glasses have been recorded to measure the quantum efficiency (η) of these glasses. The strong visible emissions, large stimulated emission cross-sections, high branching ratios and good quantum efficiencies observed for the present ZnAlBiB glasses suggest the suitability of these glasses as laser and photonic devices operating in visible region. -- Highlights: • Sm3+ doped ZnAlBiB glasses have been synthesised using melt quenching technique. • JO theory has been applied to evaluate the radiative properties of Sm3+ doped ZnAlBiB glasses. • Emission cross-sections have been evaluated for the intense emission transitions. • Quantum efficiency of the ZnAlBiB glasses was measured to understand the suitability of these glasses for lasers

  4. Dosimetric and kinetic parameters of lithium cadmium borate glasses doped with rare earth ions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Anjaiah

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Thermoluminescence (TL characteristics of X-ray irradiated pure and doped with four different rare earth ions (viz., Pr3+, Nd3+, Sm3+ and Eu3+ Li2O–Cdo–B2O3 glasses have been studied in the temperature range 303–573 K; the pure glass has exhibited single TL peak at 466 K. When this glass is doped with different rare earth ions no additional peaks are observed but the glow peak temperature of the existing glow peak shifted gradually towards higher temperatures with gain in intensity of TL light output. The area under the glow curve is found to be maximum for Eu3+ doped glasses. The trap depth parameters associated with the observed TL peaks have been evaluated using Chen's formulae. The possible use of these glasses in radiation dosimetry has been described. The result clearly showed that europium doped cadmium borate glass has a potential to be considered as the thermoluminescence dosimeter.

  5. Infrared luminescence and thermoluminescence of lithium borate glasses doped with Sm3+ ions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anjaiah J.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Thermoluminescence (TL characteristics of X-ray irradiated pure and doped with Sm3+ ions Li2O-MO-B2O3 (where MO=ZnO, CaO, CdO glasses have been studied in the temperature range of 303 to 573 K. All the pure glasses exhibited single TL peaks at 382 K, 424 K and 466 K. When these glasses were doped with Sm3+ ions no additional peaks have been observed but the glow peak temperature of the existing glow peak shifted gradually towards higher temperatures with gain in intensity of TL light output. The area under the glow curve was found to be maximum for Sm3+ doped glasses mixed with cadmium oxide as a modifier. The trap depth parameters associated with the observed TL peaks have been evaluated using Chen’s formulae. The possible use of these glasses in radiation dosimetry has been described. The results clearly showed that samarium doped cadmium borate glass has a potential to be considered as a thermoluminescence dosimeter.

  6. Structural, dielectric and AC conductivity properties of Co2+ doped mixed alkali zinc borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madhu, B. J.; Banu, Syed Asma; Harshitha, G. A.; Shilpa, T. M.; Shruthi, B.

    2013-02-01

    The Co2+ doped 19.9ZnO+5Li2CO3+25Na2CO3+50B2O3 (ZLNB) mixed alkali zinc borate glasses have been prepared by a conventional melt quenching method. The structural (XRD & FT-IR), dielectric and a.c. conductivity (σac) properties have been investigated. Amorphous nature of these glasses has been confirmed from their XRD pattern. The dielectric properties and electrical conductivity (σac) of these glasses have been studied from 100Hz to 5MHz at the room temperature. Based on the observed trends in the a.c. conductivities, the present glass samples are found to exhibit a non-Debye behavior.

  7. Long Lasting Phosphorescence in Eu2+ and Ce3+ Co-Doped Strontium Borate Glasses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Long lasting phosphorescence (LLP) was observed in Eu2+, Ce3+ co-doped strontium borate glasses prepared under the reducing atmosphere due to the emission of both Eu2+ and Ce3+. The methods of photoluminescence, thermoluminescence and phosphorescence were used to study the samples, and possible mechanism was suggested. The co-doping of Ce3+ ions poisoned the phosphorescence emission of Eu2+ because of the competition to obtain the trapped electron. The phosphorescence of Ce3+ in the sample decays more quickly than that of Eu2+, which is suggested for the reason that the emission energy of Ce3+ is higher or the distance between Ce3+ and electron traps of the glasses is longer.

  8. Optical properties of Nd3+ doped bismuth zinc borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanmugavelu, B.; Venkatramu, V.; Ravi Kanth Kumar, V. V.

    2014-03-01

    Glasses with compositions of (100-x) (Bi2ZnOB2O6) - x Nd2O3 (where x = 0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 1 and 2 mol%) were prepared by melt quenching method and characterized through optical absorption, emission and decay curve measurements. Optical absorption spectra have been analyzed using Judd-Ofelt theory. The emission spectra exhibit three peaks at 919, 1063 and 1337 nm corresponding to 4F3/2 to 4I9/2, 4I11/2 and 4I13/2 transitions in the near infrared region. The emission intensity of the 4F3/2 to 4I11/2 transition increases with increase of Nd3+ concentration up to 1 mol% and then concentration quenching is observed for 2 mol% of Nd3+ concentration. The lifetimes for the 4F3/2 level are found to decrease with increase in Nd2O3 concentration in the glasses. The decay curves of the glass up to 0.3 mol% of Nd3+ exhibit single exponential nature and thereafter the curves become nonexponential nature (0.5, 1 and 2 mol%). The nonexponential curve has been fitted to the Inokuti-Hirayama model to understand the nature of energy transfer process.

  9. Luminescence studies of Dy3+ doped bismuth zinc borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Glasses having composition of (100−x) (1Bi2O3–1ZnO–1B2O3)-xDy2O3 (where x=0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 1 and 2 mol%) were prepared by melt quenching method and characterized through optical absorption, emission and decay curve measurements. Optical absorption spectra have been analyzed using Judd–Ofelt theory. Asymmetric ratio, the intensity ratio of yellow to blue transitions, has been calculated from the emission spectra to understand the symmetry around the Dy3+ ions in the glass matrix. The emission spectra have been analyzed in the framework of CIE 1931 chromaticity colour coordinates in order to find out the white light emission characteristics of the glasses. The decay curve measurements exhibit single exponential behaviour up to 1 mol% of Dy3+ ions whereas non exponential behaviour is observed for 2 mol% of Dy3+ ions. The non exponential curve has been fitted to the Inokuti–Hirayama model to understand the nature of energy transfer process. -- Highlights: • Luminescence quenching occurs at high concentration of Dy3+ ion. • The interaction between Dy3+ ions is of dipole–dipole type. • CIE chromaticity coordinates fall within the white light region

  10. Reddish-orange emission from Pr3+ doped zinc alumino bismuth borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Praseodymium doped Zinc Alumino Bismuth Borate (ZnAlBiB) glasses were prepared by melt quenching technique and characterized by optical absorption and emission studies. The glassy nature of these glasses has been confirmed through XRD spectral measurements. From the absorption spectra, the Judd–Ofelt intensity parameters Ωλ (λ=2, 4 and 6) and other radiative properties like transition probability (AR), radiative lifetimes (τR) and branching ratios (βR) have been evaluated. Emission spectra were measured for different concentrations of Pr3+ ions doped glasses by exciting the glasses at 445 nm. The intensity of Pr3+ emission spectra increases from 0.1 to 1 mol% and beyond 1 mol% concentration quenching is observed. The suitable concentration of Pr3+ ions in ZnAlBiB glasses to act as a good lasing material at reddish-orange wavelength (604 nm) region has been discussed by measuring the emission cross-sections for the intense emission transition 1D2→3H4. The CIE chromaticity co-ordinates were also evaluated from the emission spectra for all the glasses to understand the suitability of these materials for reddish-orange emission. From the measured emission cross-sections and CIE chromaticity co-ordinates, it was found that 1 mol% of Pr3+ is aptly suitable for the development of visible reddish-orange lasers

  11. Reddish-orange emission from Pr3+ doped zinc alumino bismuth borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahamuda, Sk.; Swapna, K.; Srinivasa Rao, A.; Sasikala, T.; Rama Moorthy, L.

    2013-11-01

    Praseodymium doped Zinc Alumino Bismuth Borate (ZnAlBiB) glasses were prepared by melt quenching technique and characterized by optical absorption and emission studies. The glassy nature of these glasses has been confirmed through XRD spectral measurements. From the absorption spectra, the Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters Ωλ (λ=2, 4 and 6) and other radiative properties like transition probability (AR), radiative lifetimes (τR) and branching ratios (βR) have been evaluated. Emission spectra were measured for different concentrations of Pr3+ ions doped glasses by exciting the glasses at 445 nm. The intensity of Pr3+ emission spectra increases from 0.1 to 1 mol% and beyond 1 mol% concentration quenching is observed. The suitable concentration of Pr3+ ions in ZnAlBiB glasses to act as a good lasing material at reddish-orange wavelength (604 nm) region has been discussed by measuring the emission cross-sections for the intense emission transition 1D2→3H4. The CIE chromaticity co-ordinates were also evaluated from the emission spectra for all the glasses to understand the suitability of these materials for reddish-orange emission. From the measured emission cross-sections and CIE chromaticity co-ordinates, it was found that 1 mol% of Pr3+ is aptly suitable for the development of visible reddish-orange lasers.

  12. Optical studies of Sm³⁺ ions doped zinc alumino bismuth borate glasses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swapna, K; Mahamuda, Sk; Srinivasa Rao, A; Shakya, S; Sasikala, T; Haranath, D; Vijaya Prakash, G

    2014-05-01

    Zinc Alumino Bismuth Borate (ZnAlBiB) glasses doped with different concentrations of samarium (Sm(3+)) ions were prepared by using melt quenching technique and characterized for their lasing potentialities in visible region by using the techniques such as optical absorption, emission and emission decay measurements. Radiative properties for various fluorescent levels of Sm(3+) ions were estimated from absorption spectral information using Judd-Ofelt (JO) analysis. The emission spectra and con-focal photoluminescence images obtained by 410 nm laser excitation demonstrates very distinct and intense orange-red emission for all the doped glasses. The suitable concentration of Sm(3+) ions in these glasses to act as an efficient lasing material has been discussed by measuring the emission cross-section and branching ratios for the emission transitions. The quantum efficiencies were also been estimated from emission decay measurements recorded for the (4)G5/2 level of Sm(3+) ions. From the measured emission cross-sections, branching ratios, strong photoluminescence features and CIE chromaticity coordinates, it was found that 1 mol% of Sm(3+) ions doped ZnAlBiB glasses are most suitable for the development of visible orange-red lasers. PMID:24530709

  13. Optical studies of Sm3+ ions doped Zinc Alumino Bismuth Borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swapna, K.; Mahamuda, Sk.; Srinivasa Rao, A.; Shakya, S.; Sasikala, T.; Haranath, D.; Vijaya Prakash, G.

    Zinc Alumino Bismuth Borate (ZnAlBiB) glasses doped with different concentrations of samarium (Sm3+) ions were prepared by using melt quenching technique and characterized for their lasing potentialities in visible region by using the techniques such as optical absorption, emission and emission decay measurements. Radiative properties for various fluorescent levels of Sm3+ ions were estimated from absorption spectral information using Judd-Ofelt (JO) analysis. The emission spectra and con-focal photoluminescence images obtained by 410 nm laser excitation demonstrates very distinct and intense orange-red emission for all the doped glasses. The suitable concentration of Sm3+ ions in these glasses to act as an efficient lasing material has been discussed by measuring the emission cross-section and branching ratios for the emission transitions. The quantum efficiencies were also been estimated from emission decay measurements recorded for the 4G5/2 level of Sm3+ ions. From the measured emission cross-sections, branching ratios, strong photoluminescence features and CIE chromaticity coordinates, it was found that 1 mol% of Sm3+ ions doped ZnAlBiB glasses are most suitable for the development of visible orange-red lasers.

  14. Luminescence characterization of Eu3+ doped Zinc Alumino Bismuth Borate glasses for visible red emission applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zinc Alumino Bismuth Borate (ZnAlBiB) glasses doped with different concentrations of Eu3+ ions have been prepared by rapid melt quenching technique and characterized for their luminescence behavior through various spectroscopic techniques such as absorption, excitation, emission, decay profiles and confocal image measurements at room temperature. From the measured absorption spectra, the bonding parameters (δ) were evaluated to find the nature of bonding between Eu3+ ions with its surrounding ligands in these ZnAlBiB glasses. The emission spectra of Eu3+ ions in ZnAlBiB glasses excited at 410 nm (CW laser) show the characteristic of Eu3+ ions with more intense visible red emission corresponding to 5D0→7F2 transition. This intense visible red emission is further confirmed by the confocal luminescence images recorded for all the ZnAlBiB glasses. Judd–Ofelt (J–O) parameters estimated from the emission spectral information are used to estimate the important radiative properties such as transition probability (AR), branching ratios (βR) and emission-cross sections for the prominent emission levels. The large stimulated emission cross-sections and branching ratios observed for ZnAlBiB glasses suggest the utility of these glasses in visible red region of the electromagnetic spectrum. The CIE chromaticity coordinates evaluated from the emission spectra and the confocal images recorded for all the ZnAlBiB glasses also indicates that, these glasses at higher concentration of Eu3+ ions are aptly suitable for intense red emission at 613 nm corresponding to 5D0→7F2 transition. - Highlights: • ZnAlBiB glasses doped with Eu3+ ions were prepared by conventional melt quenching technique. • Radiative properties are measured from the emission spectra. • Quantum efficiency of the ZnAlBiB glasses is measured by using radiative and measured lifetimes. • CIE Chromaticity coordinates are evaluated from emission spectra

  15. Tb3+ doped Zinc Alumino Bismuth Borate glasses for green emitting luminescent devices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zinc Alumino Bismuth Borate (ZnAlBiB) glasses doped with terbium (Tb3+) ions with a chemical composition 20ZnO–10Al2O3–(10−x)Bi2O3–60B2O3−xTb2O3 (x=0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 and 3.0 mol%) were prepared by a conventional melt quenching method and studied their optical absorption, photoluminescence and decay spectral properties. The Judd–Ofelt (J–O) parameters evaluated from the experimental oscillator strengths were used to measure the radiative properties for the prominent luminescent transitions of Tb3+ ions such as 5D4→7F6, 7F5, 7F4 and 7F3. The effect of Tb3+ ion concentration on the luminescence process observed in the visible region was discussed in detail. The emission spectra recorded for all the ZnAlBiB glasses doped with Tb3+ ions, show an intense peak in green region at 542 nm. The stimulated emission cross-section, branching ratios and quantum efficiency values evaluated for green emission (5D4→7F5) suggests the utility of these glasses for green luminescence applications. It was found that, within the concentration range investigated, 2.5 mol% of Tb3+ doped ZnAlBiB glass is most suitable for green luminescence applications at 542 nm in principle. - Highlights: • ZnAlBiB glasses doped with Tb3+ ions were prepared by a conventional melt quenching technique. • Judd–Ofelt and radiative properties are measured from the emission spectra. • Quantum efficiency of the ZnAlBiB glasses is measured by using radiative and measured lifetimes. • CIE Chromaticity co-ordinates are evaluated from emission spectra

  16. Spectroscopic properties and luminescence behavior of Nd3+ doped zinc alumino bismuth borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahamuda, Sk.; Swapna, K.; Srinivasa Rao, A.; Jayasimhadri, M.; Sasikala, T.; Pavani, K.; Rama Moorthy, L.

    2013-09-01

    Zinc Alumino Bismuth Borate (ZnAlBiB) glasses doped with different concentrations of neodymium are prepared by using the melt quenching technique to study their physical, absorption and luminescence properties to understand the lasing potentialities of these glasses. From the absorption spectra various spectroscopic parameters and Judd-Ofelt (JO) parameters are evaluated. These JO parameters are used to calculate the transition probability (A), radiative lifetime (τR), and branching ratios (βR) for most of the fluorescent levels of Nd3+. The emission spectra recorded for these glasses gives three prominent transitions 4F3/2→4I9/2, 4F3/2→4I11/2 and 4F3/2→4I13/2 for which effective band widths (ΔλP) and stimulated emission cross-sections (σse) are evaluated. Branching ratios and stimulated emission cross-sections measured for all these glasses show that the 4F3/2→4I11/2 transition under investigation has the potential for laser applications. The intensity of Nd3+ emission spectra increases with increasing concentrations of Nd3+ up to 1 mol% and beyond 1 mol% the concentration quenching is observed. The high stimulated emission cross-section and branching ratios from the present glasses suggests their potential for infrared lasers. From the absorption and emission spectral studies it was found that, 1 mol% of Nd3+ ion concentration is optimum for Zinc Alumino Bismuth Borate glasses to generate a strong laser emission at 1060 nm.

  17. Optical characterization of Eu3+ and Tb3+ ions doped zinc lead borate glasses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thulasiramudu, A; Buddhudu, S

    2007-02-01

    This paper reports on the spectral analysis of Eu3+ or Tb3+ ions (0.5 mol%) doped heavy metal oxide (HMO) based zinc lead borate glasses from the measurement of their absorption, emission spectra and also different physical properties. From the XRD, DSC profiles, the glass nature and glass thermal properties have been studied. The measured emission spectrum of Eu3+ glass has revealed five transitions (5D0-->7F0, 7F1, 7F2, 7F3 and 7F4) at 578, 591, 613, 654 and 702 nm, respectively, with lambdaexci=392 nm (7F0-->5L6). In the case of Tb3+:ZLB glass, four emission transitions such as (5D4-->7F6, 7F5, 7F4 and 7F3) that are located at 489, 542, 585 and 622 nm, respectively, have been measured with lambdaexci=374 nm. For all these emission bands decay curves have been plotted to evaluate their lifetimes and the emission processes that arise in the glasses have been explained in terms of energy level schemes. PMID:16843052

  18. The Preparation and Characterization of Nd2O3 Doped Borate Glass

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Nd3+ doped borate glass of Nd2O3-MgO-ZnO-B2O3 glass system is successfully been prepared by melt-quenched technique. Batches of 15g were prepared from certified reagent grades of B2O3(99.95% purity), MgO (97%), ZnO (98% purity), and Nd2O3(99.99%). The measured glass densities are found varies from 5683.2 kgm-3 to 5724.0 kgm-3. The increment in density implies that an addition of Nd2O3 with higher atomic masses than B2O3 tend to increase the packing density of the glass structures since the atomic masses of B2O3 and Nd2O3 are 69.62 and 336.42 respectively. From the density values obtained, the molar volume of glasses was calculated. From the results, it is found that the molar volume of these glasses decreases slightly from 22.50 cm3 to 27.54 cm3 with respect to Nd2O3 content.

  19. Reddish-orange emission from Pr{sup 3+} doped zinc alumino bismuth borate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mahamuda, Sk., E-mail: mahamuda.ss@gmail.com [Department of Physics, KL University, Green Fields, Vaddeswaram 522502, AP (India); Swapna, K., E-mail: kswapna80@gmail.com [Department of Physics, KL University, Green Fields, Vaddeswaram 522502, AP (India); Srinivasa Rao, A., E-mail: drsrallam@yahoo.co.in [Department of Physics, KL University, Green Fields, Vaddeswaram 522502, AP (India); Department of Applied Physics, Delhi Technological University, New Delhi 110042 (India); Sasikala, T.; Rama Moorthy, L. [Department of Physics, SV University, Tirupathi 517502, AP (India)

    2013-11-01

    Praseodymium doped Zinc Alumino Bismuth Borate (ZnAlBiB) glasses were prepared by melt quenching technique and characterized by optical absorption and emission studies. The glassy nature of these glasses has been confirmed through XRD spectral measurements. From the absorption spectra, the Judd–Ofelt intensity parameters Ω{sub λ} (λ=2, 4 and 6) and other radiative properties like transition probability (A{sub R}), radiative lifetimes (τ{sub R}) and branching ratios (β{sub R}) have been evaluated. Emission spectra were measured for different concentrations of Pr{sup 3+} ions doped glasses by exciting the glasses at 445 nm. The intensity of Pr{sup 3+} emission spectra increases from 0.1 to 1 mol% and beyond 1 mol% concentration quenching is observed. The suitable concentration of Pr{sup 3+} ions in ZnAlBiB glasses to act as a good lasing material at reddish-orange wavelength (604 nm) region has been discussed by measuring the emission cross-sections for the intense emission transition {sup 1}D{sub 2}→{sup 3}H{sub 4}. The CIE chromaticity co-ordinates were also evaluated from the emission spectra for all the glasses to understand the suitability of these materials for reddish-orange emission. From the measured emission cross-sections and CIE chromaticity co-ordinates, it was found that 1 mol% of Pr{sup 3+} is aptly suitable for the development of visible reddish-orange lasers.

  20. Spectroscopic and structural investigations of Er3+ doped zinc bismuth borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► Spectral properties of Er3+ doped zinc bismuth borate glasses have been analyzed. ► Judd–Ofelt intensity parameters have been evaluated from absorption bands. ► Red shift in peak wavelength with Bi2O3 is attributed to the nephlauxetic effect. ► The large value of σT reflects the suitability of glasses in amplifier devices. ► These glasses have high radiative quantum efficiency. - Abstract: Erbium doped glasses having composition 20ZnO·xBi2O3·(79.5 − x)B2O3 (15 ≤ x ≤ 35, x in mol%) were prepared by melt-quench technique. The spectroscopic properties were investigated using optical absorption and fluorescence spectra. The Judd–Ofelt intensity parameters, Ωλ (λ = 2, 4, 6) were determined from the spectral intensities of absorption bands in order to calculate the radiative transition probability (AR), radiative life time (τR), branching ratio (βR) for various excited luminescent states. Using the emission spectra, full width at half maximum (FWHM), stimulated emission cross-section (σe) and figure of merit (FOM) were evaluated. The high values of Judd–Ofelt parameters indicate a substantial mixing of other electronic configuration into the 4fN configuration by the random crystal field in the glasses. All the intensity parameters (Ωλ) decrease with increase in Bi2O3 content and the effect is found to be most pronounced for Ω2 values. The structural investigations of the glasses were carried out by recording the IR transmission spectra. A correlation between the network forming units with the multi-phonon relaxation rate and hence with the possibility of radiative quantum efficiency has been made. In addition, various physical and optical parameters have been determined from the measured density and refractive index values.

  1. Tb{sup 3+} doped Zinc Alumino Bismuth Borate glasses for green emitting luminescent devices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Swapna, K.; Mahamuda, Sk. [Department of Physics, K L University, Green Fields, Vaddeswaram, Guntur (Dt), Andhra Pradesh 522502 (India); Rao, A. Srinivasa, E-mail: drsrallam@gmail.com [Department of Physics, K L University, Green Fields, Vaddeswaram, Guntur (Dt), Andhra Pradesh 522502 (India); Department of Applied Physics, Delhi Technological University, Bawana Road, New Delhi 110042 (India); Jayasimhadri, M. [Department of Applied Physics, Delhi Technological University, Bawana Road, New Delhi 110042 (India); Shakya, Suman; Prakash, G. Vijaya [Nanophotonics Laboratory, Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology-Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi 110016 (India)

    2014-12-15

    Zinc Alumino Bismuth Borate (ZnAlBiB) glasses doped with terbium (Tb{sup 3+}) ions with a chemical composition 20ZnO–10Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}–(10−x)Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}–60B{sub 2}O{sub 3}−xTb{sub 2}O{sub 3} (x=0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 and 3.0 mol%) were prepared by a conventional melt quenching method and studied their optical absorption, photoluminescence and decay spectral properties. The Judd–Ofelt (J–O) parameters evaluated from the experimental oscillator strengths were used to measure the radiative properties for the prominent luminescent transitions of Tb{sup 3+} ions such as {sup 5}D{sub 4}→{sup 7}F{sub 6}, {sup 7}F{sub 5}, {sup 7}F{sub 4} and {sup 7}F{sub 3.} The effect of Tb{sup 3+} ion concentration on the luminescence process observed in the visible region was discussed in detail. The emission spectra recorded for all the ZnAlBiB glasses doped with Tb{sup 3+} ions, show an intense peak in green region at 542 nm. The stimulated emission cross-section, branching ratios and quantum efficiency values evaluated for green emission ({sup 5}D{sub 4}→{sup 7}F{sub 5}) suggests the utility of these glasses for green luminescence applications. It was found that, within the concentration range investigated, 2.5 mol% of Tb{sup 3+} doped ZnAlBiB glass is most suitable for green luminescence applications at 542 nm in principle. - Highlights: • ZnAlBiB glasses doped with Tb{sup 3+} ions were prepared by a conventional melt quenching technique. • Judd–Ofelt and radiative properties are measured from the emission spectra. • Quantum efficiency of the ZnAlBiB glasses is measured by using radiative and measured lifetimes. • CIE Chromaticity co-ordinates are evaluated from emission spectra.

  2. Structural, absorption and fluorescence spectral analysis of Pr3+ ions doped zinc bismuth borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: → 20ZnO.xBi2O3.(79.5-x)B2O3.0.5Pr6O11 (15 ≤ x ≤ 35) glasses were prepared by melt quench technique. → The Judd-Ofelt parameters Ωλ (λ = 2, 4, 6) and other radiative properties like radiative transition probability, radiative life time, branching ratio and stimulated emission cross-section of the prepared glasses have been calculated. → The branching ratio for 3P0 → 3F2 transition of Pr3+ doped glasses is 42% and the predicted spontaneous radiative transition probability rates are fairly high. - Abstract: Glasses having composition 20ZnO.xBi2O3.(79.5 - x)B2O3.0.5Pr6O11 were prepared by melt quench technique. The amorphous nature of the prepared glass samples was confirmed by X-ray diffraction. The spectroscopic properties of these glasses were investigated by recording optical absorption and fluorescence spectra. The structural investigations of the glasses were carried out by recording the IR spectra. The optical properties of Pr3+ ions doped zinc borate glasses with varying concentration of bismuth oxide have been studied. The Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters Ωλ (λ = 2, 4, 6) and other radiative properties like radiative transition probability, radiative life time, branching ratio and stimulated emission cross-section of the prepared glasses have been calculated. The variation of Ω2 with Bi2O3 content has been attributed to changes in the asymmetry of the ligand field at the rare earth ion site and to the changes in their rare earth oxygen (RE-O) covalency. The branching ratio for 3P0 → 3F2 transition is 42% and the predicted spontaneous radiative transition probability rates are fairly high (14,347-14,607 s-1). This is beneficial for lasing emission. The stimulated emission cross-section for all the emission bands has been calculated.

  3. Absorption and emission properties of Ho3+ doped lead-zinc-borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports on the affect of lead content on the absorption and emission spectra of the Ho3+ ion doped lead-zinc-borate glasses in the composition (mol%) of (20 - x)PbO-20ZnO-(59 + x)B2O3-1.0Ho2O3 where x 0, 5,10,15 of PbO content with λ exc = 405 nm. The experimental absorption band energies have satisfactorily been correlated with the theoretical results with an r.m.s deviation of zero with the following correction factors obtained by a least square fit analysis: ΔE 1 348.495936 cm-1, ΔE 2 = 1.436043 cm-1, ΔE 3 = 46.481575 cm-1, Δξ 4f = - 28.512979 cm-1, Δα = 55.508936 cm-1, Δβ = - 1394.339908 cm-1 and Δγ 1208.424336 cm-1. By applying the Judd-Ofelt intensity parameter Ω 2 has been found to be linearly decreasing with the PbO content from 5 to 10 mol% and then increasing. And also radiative (A, A T, β, τ r) characteristic factors of the luminescent transitions (5I8 5F3,4,5 and 5S2) of the glasses have been evaluated. Stimulated emission cross-sections (σ pE) of the measured emission transitions of holmium glasses have also been computed

  4. Waveguides and nonlinear index of refraction of borate glass doped with transition metals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almeida, Juliana M. P.; Fonseca, Ruben D.; De Boni, Leonardo; Diniz, Andre Rosa S.; Hernandes, Antonio C.; Ferreira, Paulo H. D.; Mendonca, Cleber R.

    2015-04-01

    The ability to write 3D waveguides by femtosecond laser micromachining and the nonlinear refractive index (n2) spectrum of a new borate glass matrix, containing zinc and lead oxides - (BZP) have been investigated. The transparent matrix was doped with transition metals (CdCl2, Fe2O3, MnO2 and CoO) in order to introduce electronic transitions in visible spectrum, aiming to evaluate their influence on the waveguides and n2 spectrum. We observed that n2 is approximately constant from 600 to 1500 nm, exhibiting an average value of 4.5 × 10-20 m2/W, which is about twice larger than the one for fused silica. The waveguide profile is influenced by the self-focusing effect of the matrix owing to its positive nonlinear index of refraction in the wavelength used for micromachining. A decrease in the waveguide loss of approximately four times was observed for the sample doped with Fe in comparison to the other ones, which may be associated with the change in the optical gap energy.

  5. Optical and thermal investigations on vanadyl doped zinc lithium borate glasses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seema Dalal

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Using standard melt-quench technique, transition metal oxide (2 mol% of V2O5 doped glasses having composition xZnO·(30 − xLi2O·70B2O3 (x = 0, 2, 5, 7 and 10 are prepared. The density (D is measured using buoyancy and found to be lying between 2.21 and 2.45 g/cm3 with an increasing trend on substituting ZnO contents in place of Li2O. The theoretical optical basicity (Λth is calculated and found to increase with increasing inclusion of ZnO indicating an increase in the ionic character. The molar refraction (Rm, refractive index (nr and molar polarizability (αm are calculated and explained on the basis of structural changes. The optical absorption spectra have been used to evaluate the values of optical band gap (Eopt and band tailing parameter (B. It is observed that Eopt decreases with the increasing contents of ZnO in base glass matrix. The decrease in Eopt is an evidence of enhancement in the number of non-bridging oxygen atoms (NBOs thereby increasing the four-coordinated boron atoms. The as-quenched samples in bulk form are subjected to differential thermal analysis (DTA to assess the glass transition temperature (Tg, which is 476 °C for pure lithium borate glass. The variations suggest that the structure is being modified by the substitution of ZnO.

  6. Microwave Absorption of Barium Borosilicate, Zinc Borate, Fe-Doped Alumino-Phosphate Glasses and Its Raw Materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashis Kumar Mandal

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This study presents microwave absorption of raw materials used in barium borosilicate, Fe-doped alumina phosphate and zinc borate glass. Microwave absorption was investigated for the raw materials SiO2, Na2CO3, BaCO3, BPO4, Al(PO33, Mg(PO32, Al(OH3, TiO2. The study shows that SiO2 could be heated directly above 1000 °C within 30 min at 1.5 kW microwave output (MW power and 0.8 kW MW power is necessary to initiate heating (from 260 °C. Microwave heating of material with low dielectric loss has been investigated by increasing MW power. Microwave absorption of above glass systems has also been investigated. Dielectric properties such as loss tangent of glass as a function of temperature are presented. Glass melting under direct microwave heating was demonstrated for the studied glass systems. Temperature-Microwave power-Time (T-P-t profiles for the three glasses indicate maximum MW output power ~1 kW, 0.65 kW and ~1 kW for barium borosilicate, zinc borate glass and alumino-phosphate glass for 60 g glass melting.

  7. Broad-spectrum antibacterial properties of metal-ion doped borate bioactive glasses for clinical applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ottomeyer, Megan

    Bioactive glasses with antimicrobial properties can be implemented as coatings on medical devices and implants, as well as a treatment for tissue repair and prevention of common hospital-acquired infections such as MRSA. A borate-containing glass, B3, is also undergoing clinical trials to assess wound-healing properties. The sensitivities of various bacteria to B3, B3-Ag, B3-Ga, and B3-I bioactive glasses were tested. In addition, the mechanism of action for the glasses was studied by spectroscopic enzyme kinetics experiments, Live-Dead staining fluorescence microscopy, and luminescence assays using two gene fusion strains of Escherichia coli. It was found that gram-positive bacteria were more sensitive to all four glasses than gram negative bacteria, and that a single mechanism of action for the glasses is unlikely, as the rates of catalysis for metabolic enzymes as well as membrane permeability were altered after glass exposure.

  8. One-photon band gap engineering of borate glass doped with ZnO for photonics applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lithium tungsten borate glass of the composition (0.56-x)B2O3-0.4Li2O-xZnO-0.04WO3 (0 ≤x≤ 0.1 mol. %) is prepared for photonics applications. The glass is doped with ZnO to tune the glass absorption characteristics in a wide spectrum range (200-2500 nm). Chemical bond approach, including chemical structure, electronegativity, bond ionicity, nearest-neighbor coordination, and other chemical bonding aspect, is used to analyze and to explain the obtained glass properties such as: transmittance, absorption, electronic structure parameters (bandgap, Fermi level, and Urbach exciton-phonon coupling), Wannier free excitons excitation (applying Elliott's model), and two-photon absorption coefficient as a result of replacement of B2O3 by ZnO.

  9. One-photon band gap engineering of borate glass doped with ZnO for photonics applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abdel-Baki, Manal [Glass Department, National Research Centre, Dokki 12311 Giza (Egypt); Abdel-Wahab, Fathy A.; El-Diasty, Fouad [Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Abbasia, 11566 Cairo (Egypt)

    2012-04-01

    Lithium tungsten borate glass of the composition (0.56-x)B{sub 2}O{sub 3}-0.4Li{sub 2}O-xZnO-0.04WO{sub 3} (0 {<=}x{<=} 0.1 mol. %) is prepared for photonics applications. The glass is doped with ZnO to tune the glass absorption characteristics in a wide spectrum range (200-2500 nm). Chemical bond approach, including chemical structure, electronegativity, bond ionicity, nearest-neighbor coordination, and other chemical bonding aspect, is used to analyze and to explain the obtained glass properties such as: transmittance, absorption, electronic structure parameters (bandgap, Fermi level, and Urbach exciton-phonon coupling), Wannier free excitons excitation (applying Elliott's model), and two-photon absorption coefficient as a result of replacement of B{sub 2}O{sub 3} by ZnO.

  10. The structural, optical and magnetic parameter of manganese doped strontium zinc borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Glasses with composition 10SrO:(30−x)ZnO:60B2O3:xMnO, 0≤x≤0.9 (all compositions in wt%) have been prepared and investigated by X-ray diffraction, EPR, Optical absorption and FT-IR spectroscopic techniques. The XRD pattern of all the glasses confirmed the formation of an amorphous structure. The EPR spectra of all glass samples exhibit resonance signals at g≈2.0 with a sextet of hyperfine lines. The spin concentration (N) and temperature dependence of EPR signals were studied for Mn2+ ions in strontium zinc borate glass samples. The zero-field splitting parameter D has been evaluated from the intensities of the allowed hyperfine lines. The paramagnetic susceptibility (χ) was calculated from EPR data at different temperatures and the Curie temperature (θp) was calculated from the 1/χ verses T graph. The optical absorption spectra exhibit a single broad band near 470 nm and this has been attributed to the spin-allowed 5Eg→5T2g transition of Mn3+ ions in octahedral symmetry. The theoretical optical basicity (Λth) of these glasses have also been evaluated. The FTIR studies show BO3 and BO4 structural units in strontium zinc borate glasses

  11. The structural, optical and magnetic parameter of manganese doped strontium zinc borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumalatha, B.; Omkaram, I.; Rajavardhana Rao, T.; Linga Raju, Ch.

    2013-02-01

    Glasses with composition 10SrO:(30-x)ZnO:60B2O3:xMnO, 0≤x≤0.9 (all compositions in wt%) have been prepared and investigated by X-ray diffraction, EPR, Optical absorption and FT-IR spectroscopic techniques. The XRD pattern of all the glasses confirmed the formation of an amorphous structure. The EPR spectra of all glass samples exhibit resonance signals at g≈2.0 with a sextet of hyperfine lines. The spin concentration (N) and temperature dependence of EPR signals were studied for Mn2+ ions in strontium zinc borate glass samples. The zero-field splitting parameter D has been evaluated from the intensities of the allowed hyperfine lines. The paramagnetic susceptibility (χ) was calculated from EPR data at different temperatures and the Curie temperature (θp) was calculated from the 1/χ verses T graph. The optical absorption spectra exhibit a single broad band near 470 nm and this has been attributed to the spin-allowed 5Eg→5T2g transition of Mn3+ ions in octahedral symmetry. The theoretical optical basicity (Λth) of these glasses have also been evaluated. The FTIR studies show BO3 and BO4 structural units in strontium zinc borate glasses.

  12. The structural, optical and magnetic parameter of manganese doped strontium zinc borate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sumalatha, B. [Department of Physics, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Guntur 522510, Andhra Pradesh (India); Omkaram, I. [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517502, Andhra Pradesh (India); Rajavardhana Rao, T. [Department of Physics, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Guntur 522510, Andhra Pradesh (India); Linga Raju, Ch., E-mail: drchlraj_phy@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Guntur 522510, Andhra Pradesh (India)

    2013-02-15

    Glasses with composition 10SrO:(30−x)ZnO:60B{sub 2}O{sub 3}:xMnO, 0≤x≤0.9 (all compositions in wt%) have been prepared and investigated by X-ray diffraction, EPR, Optical absorption and FT-IR spectroscopic techniques. The XRD pattern of all the glasses confirmed the formation of an amorphous structure. The EPR spectra of all glass samples exhibit resonance signals at g≈2.0 with a sextet of hyperfine lines. The spin concentration (N) and temperature dependence of EPR signals were studied for Mn{sup 2+} ions in strontium zinc borate glass samples. The zero-field splitting parameter D has been evaluated from the intensities of the allowed hyperfine lines. The paramagnetic susceptibility (χ) was calculated from EPR data at different temperatures and the Curie temperature (θ{sub p}) was calculated from the 1/χ verses T graph. The optical absorption spectra exhibit a single broad band near 470 nm and this has been attributed to the spin-allowed {sup 5}E{sub g}→{sup 5}T{sub 2g} transition of Mn{sup 3+} ions in octahedral symmetry. The theoretical optical basicity (Λ{sub th}) of these glasses have also been evaluated. The FTIR studies show BO{sub 3} and BO{sub 4} structural units in strontium zinc borate glasses.

  13. On the role of the network modifier PbO in Sm{sup 3+}-doped borate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krause, S., E-mail: stephan.krause@csp.fraunhofer.de [Fraunhofer Center for Silicon Photovoltaics CSP, Otto-Eißfeldt-Straße 12, 06120 Halle (Saale) (Germany); Pfau, C. [Centre for Innovation Competence SiLi-nano, Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg, Karl-Freiherr-von-Fritsch-Straße 3, 06120 Halle (Saale) (Germany); Dyrba, M. [Fraunhofer Center for Silicon Photovoltaics CSP, Otto-Eißfeldt-Straße 12, 06120 Halle (Saale) (Germany); Centre for Innovation Competence SiLi-nano, Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg, Karl-Freiherr-von-Fritsch-Straße 3, 06120 Halle (Saale) (Germany); Miclea, P.-T. [Fraunhofer Center for Silicon Photovoltaics CSP, Otto-Eißfeldt-Straße 12, 06120 Halle (Saale) (Germany); Institute of Physics, Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg, 06120 Halle (Saale) (Germany); Schweizer, S. [Fraunhofer Center for Silicon Photovoltaics CSP, Otto-Eißfeldt-Straße 12, 06120 Halle (Saale) (Germany); Department of Electrical Engineering, South Westphalia University of Applied Sciences, Lübecker Ring 2, 59494 Soest (Germany)

    2014-07-01

    A series of Sm{sup 3+}-doped lead borate glasses with a lead oxide (PbO) content varying from 20 mol% to 80 mol% and a samarium oxide (Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3}) content of 1 mol% is investigated. In addition to the network changes in the glass structure, the lead doping has a significant influence on the fluorescence properties of Sm{sup 3+} and on the tuneable intrinsic fluorescence of Pb{sup 2+} itself. The Pb{sup 2+} excitation band shifts monotonously to lower energies; its intensity is significantly reduced for a PbO content of 50 mol% and more. For a concentration of 30 mol%, the Pb{sup 2+} emission overlaps with the intense {sup 6}H{sub 5/2} to {sup 6}P{sub 5/2} Sm{sup 3+} excitation band enabling for radiative and non-radiative energy transfers. Lifetime measurements of excited Sm{sup 3+} show in all cases non-single exponential decay and were fitted by the Inokuti–Hirayama model indicating non-radiative dipole–dipole interaction between neighbouring Sm{sup 3+} ions. - Highlights: • Tunable intrinsic fluorescence in lead borate glasses. • Energy transfer between the network modifier Pb{sup 2+} and Sm{sup 3+}. • Cut-off energy shifts with increasing PbO content.

  14. Precipitation of ZnO in Al 2O 3-doped zinc borate glass ceramics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masai, Hirokazu; Ueno, Takahiro; Takahashi, Yoshihiro; Fujiwara, Takumi

    2011-10-01

    Crystallization behavior of the oxide semiconductor ZnO in zinc borate glass was investigated. The precipitated crystalline phase of glass ceramics containing a small amount of Al 2O 3 was α-Zn 3B 2O 6 whereas that of the glass ceramics containing a large amount of Al 2O 3 was ZnO. It was found that the c-oriented precipitation of ZnO in a glass ceramic was brought about by the in-plane crystal growth of needle-like ZnO crystallites along the a-axis. Amount of Al 2O 3 that can make glass network affected the coordination state of B 2O 3 in the glass, and a three-coordinated BO 3 unit was preferentially formed in the glass containing a higher amount of Al 2O 3. The present results suggest that crystallization of ZnO from multi-component glass is dominated by the local coordination state of the mother glass.

  15. Photon Interaction Parameters for Some Borate Glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Some photon interaction parameters of dosimetric interest such as mass attenuation coefficients, effective atomic number, electron density and KERMA relative to air have been computed in the wide energy range from 1 keV to 100 GeV for some borate glasses viz. barium-lead borate, bismuth-borate, calcium-strontium borate, lead borate and zinc-borate glass. It has been observed that lead borate glass and barium-lead borate glass have maximum values of mass attenuation coefficient, effective atomic number and KERMA relative to air. Hence, these borate glasses are suitable as gamma ray shielding material, packing of radioactive sources etc.

  16. Photon Interaction Parameters for Some Borate Glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mann, Nisha; Kaur, Updesh; Singh, Tejbir; Sharma, J. K.; Singh, Parjit S.

    2010-11-01

    Some photon interaction parameters of dosimetric interest such as mass attenuation coefficients, effective atomic number, electron density and KERMA relative to air have been computed in the wide energy range from 1 keV to 100 GeV for some borate glasses viz. barium-lead borate, bismuth-borate, calcium-strontium borate, lead borate and zinc-borate glass. It has been observed that lead borate glass and barium-lead borate glass have maximum values of mass attenuation coefficient, effective atomic number and KERMA relative to air. Hence, these borate glasses are suitable as gamma ray shielding material, packing of radioactive sources etc.

  17. Optical absorption and luminescence characteristics of Dy3+ doped Zinc Alumino Bismuth Borate glasses for lasing materials and white LEDs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Good optical quality Dy3+ doped Zinc Alumino Bismuth Borate (ZnAlBiB) glasses were prepared by the conventional melt quenching technique and characterized by optical absorption and luminescence studies. The glassy nature of these materials has been confirmed through XRD measurements. From the absorption spectra, the three phenomenological JO parameters Ωλ (λ=2,4 and 6) have been determined from the absorption spectral intensities by using the JO theory. Luminescence spectra were measured for different concentrations of Dy3+ ions doped glasses by exciting the glasses at 387 nm. The intensity of Dy3+ emission spectra increases from 0.5 mol% to 1 mol % and beyond 1 mol % the concentration quenching is observed. The suitable concentration of Dy3+ ions for ZnAlBiB glassy material to act as good lasing material has been discussed by measuring the branching ratios and emission cross-sections for two strong emission transitions such as 4F9/2→6H15/2 and 4F9/2→6H13/2 observed in visible region. By exciting these glassy materials at various excitation wavelengths in n-UV region, the CIE chromaticity coordinates were evaluated for the two sharp emissions observed in blue (4F9/2→6H15/2) and yellow (4F9/2→6H13/2) regions to understand the suitability of these materials for white light generation. -- Highlights: ► Successfully synthesized the transparent Zinc Alumino Bismuth Borate glasses. ► Measured the absorption and luminescence properties. ► Discussed the spectroscopic properties by using Judd–Ofelt analysis for ZnAlBiB glasses. ► Finally, suitability of these glasses for lasers and white LEDs has been discussed

  18. Role of oxygen on the optical properties of borate glass doped with ZnO

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lithium tungsten borate glass (0.56-x)B2O3-0.4Li2O-xZnO-0.04WO3 (0≤x≤0.1 mol%) is prepared by the melt quenching technique for photonic applications. Small relative values of ZnO are used to improve the glass optical dispersion and to probe as well the role of oxygen electronic polarizability on its optical characteristics. The spectroscopic properties of the glass are determined in a wide spectrum range (200-2500 nm) using a Fresnel-based spectrophotometric technique. Based on the Lorentz-Lorenz theory, as ZnO content increases on the expense of B2O3 the glass molar polarizability increased due to an enhanced unshared oxide ion 2p electron density, which increases ionicity of the chemical bonds of glass. The role of oxide ion polarizability is explained in accordance with advanced measures and theories such as optical basicity, O 1s binding energy, the outer most cation binding energy in Yamashita-Kurosawa's interionic interaction parameter and Sun's average single bond strength. FT-IR measurements confirm an increase in bridging oxygen bonds, as a result of replacement of ZnO by B2O3, which increase the UV glass transmission window and transmittance. - Graphical abstract: O1s, Yamashita-Kurosawa's parameter and average single bond strength of charge overlapping between electronic shells are used to explain enhanced oxide ion 2p electron density, which increases refractive index of glasses. Highlights: → New borate glass for photonic application is prepared. → The dispersion property of the glass is effectively controlled using small amounts of ZnO. → ZnO is used to probe the glass structure and investigate the role of oxygen on the obtained optical properties of the glasses. → Modern theories are used to explain enhanced unshared oxide ion 2p electron density, which increases ionicity of chemical bonds of the glass.

  19. Sm{sup 3+}-doped alkaline earth borate glasses as UV→visible photon conversion layer for solar cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shen, L.F. [School of Textile and Material Engineering, Dalian Polytechnic University, Dalian 116034 (China); Department of Electronic Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong (China); Chen, B.J.; Pun, E.Y.B. [Department of Electronic Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong (China); Lin, H., E-mail: lhai8686@yahoo.com [School of Textile and Material Engineering, Dalian Polytechnic University, Dalian 116034 (China); Department of Electronic Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong (China)

    2015-04-15

    Intense multi-peak red fluorescence emissions of Sm{sup 3+} are exhibited in alkaline-earth borate (LKZBSB) glasses under UV radiation. The spontaneous emission probabilities A{sub rad} corresponding to the {sup 4}G{sub 5/2}→{sup 6}H{sub J} (J=5/2, 7/2, 9/2 and 11/2) transitions are derived to be 24.74, 129.72, 117.03 and 32.23 s{sup −1}, respectively, and the relevant stimulated emission cross-sections σ{sub em} are 0.77×10{sup −22}, 4.46×10{sup −22}, 5.05×10{sup −22} and 1.38×10{sup −22} cm{sup 2}, confirming the effectiveness of red luminescence in Sm{sup 3+}-doped LKZBSB glasses. Quantitative characterization through the evaluation of absolute spectral parameters reveals that the quantum yield of Sm{sup 3+}-doped LKZBSB glasses is as high as 13.29%. Furthermore, with the introduction of Ce{sup 3+}, the effective excitation wavelength range and the emission intensity of Sm{sup 3+} in LKZBSB glasses are remarkably expanded and improved by a maximum sensitization factor of 9.02 in the UVB region. These results demonstrate that the present glass system has promising potential as an efficient UV→visible photon conversion layer for the enhancement of solar cell efficiency, including appealing applications in outer space. - Highlights: • Intense multi-peak red fluorescence emissions of Sm{sup 3+} are exhibited under UV radiation. • Effectiveness of red luminescence is confirmed by stimulated emission cross-sections. • Quantum yield of Sm{sup 3+}-doped LKZBSB glasses is 13.29% by quantitative characterization. • Effective excitation wavelength range and emission intensity are improved with Ce{sup 3+} doping. • Alkaline-earth borate glass has potential as solar cell UV→Vis photon conversion layer.

  20. Development of biomimetic coatings on Sm oxide doped ELB (Eu-Li-borate) glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The in-vitro biomineralization of Eu/Li-borate glasses containing Sm2O3 was investigated by immersion in simulated body fluid (SBF) up to 72 h. Back scattering scanning electron microscope supplemented with EDX was used to follow the development of the phosphatic layer post 72 h SBF immersion. Biochemical analyses of calcium and inorganic phosphorus (Ca2+ and iP) ions were conducted using relevant biochemical kits and spectrophotometer. Spectra of TF-X-ray analyses and Fourier transform infrared were obtained for the samples post 72 h immersion and compared to the host one. The role of Sm2O3 in the biomineralization and crystallinity of the (ELB) borate glasses is proved by the developed rounded nano particles and the presence of elemental Eu and Sm in the formed layer beside Ca and P as presented by EDX. The continuous reduced values of ionic iP accompanying the adsorption and release of Ca ions in SBF with time assured the biolayer formation. The formed phosphatic layer presented shifted XRD peaks due to ionic incorporations especially of Sm3+. FT-IR proved the selectivity of BO3 group for phosphatic deposition. Deconvolution of ν4 and ν3 regions, for carbonates and phosphates, respectively, proved the enhanced peak areas with increased Sm3+ content.

  1. Nonlinear optical properties of silver nanoparticles prepared in Ag doped borate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adamiv, V.T. [Institute of Physical Optics, Dragomanov str. 23, Lviv 79005 (Ukraine); Bolesta, I.M. [Ivan Franko National University, Dragomanov str. 50, Lviv 79005 (Ukraine); Burak, Ya.V., E-mail: burak@ifo.lviv.ua [Institute of Physical Optics, Dragomanov str. 23, Lviv 79005 (Ukraine); Gamernyk, R.V.; Karbovnyk, I.D.; Kolych, I.I.; Kovalchuk, M.G.; Kushnir, O.O.; Periv, M.V. [Ivan Franko National University, Dragomanov str. 50, Lviv 79005 (Ukraine); Teslyuk, I.M. [Institute of Physical Optics, Dragomanov str. 23, Lviv 79005 (Ukraine)

    2014-09-15

    Nonlinear properties of Li{sub 2}B{sub 4}O{sub 7}:Ag borate glasses with “Li{sub 2}B{sub 4}O{sub 7}:Ag nanoparticles” interface region formed by thermal treatment in hydrogen atmosphere and in vacuum are investigated. From the results of plasmon absorption and normalized transmission measurements in Z-scan regime it was ascertained that “Li{sub 2}B{sub 4}O{sub 7}:AgNPs” interface region changes the character of nonlinear refraction of Li{sub 2}B{sub 4}O{sub 7}:Ag glass from negative to positive, and, due to plasmon resonance, increases significantly its nonlinear properties. In particular, the observed growth of nonlinear refractive index n{sub 2} is more than four orders of magnitude.

  2. Effects of densification on fluorescence spectra and glass structure of Eu3+-doped borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soga, N.; Hirao, K.; Yoshimoto, M.; Yamamoto, H.

    1988-05-01

    Densified glass specimens of 90 B2O3ṡ10 Na2Oṡ1 Eu2O3 were obtained by applying hydrostatic pressure up to 6 GPa at various temperatures from 250 to 900 °C, and their densities and inhomogeneous bandwidths of Eu3+ fluorescence spectra were determined in order to follow a structural change taking place during densification. The results indicate that the role of hydrostatic pressure is first to eliminate the atomic scale voids usually appearing when quenched from high temperatures and then to increase the fluctuation of local fields around Eu3+ probably due to the distortion of glass network accompanied with a wide variation of bond length. The molecular dynamics simulation of the densified state was also carried out to support the above conclusion.

  3. Ultrasonic investigations of some bismuth borate glasses doped with Al2O3

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Yasser B Saddeek; Moenis A Azooz; Amr Bakr Saddek

    2015-02-01

    The velocities of longitudinal and transverse ultrasonic waves in different compositions of 5Al2O3–29Na2O–(66−)B2O$_{3}−x$Bi2O3 glass system were measured at 4 MHz at room temperature using the pulse-echo technique. The velocity data were used to determine the elastic moduli and the dimensionality of the studied glasses. The observed changes in the elastic moduli of the glasses were related to the modifier role of Bi2O3 content. The results revealed that the density increased with increasing Bi2O3 content, which was attributed to the increase in the compactness and packing of the glass network. The ultrasonic data were analysed in terms of creation of new bonds of Bi2O3 attached to the structural units of the borate network. The new bonds decreased the average crosslink density and the number of network bonds per unit volume along with a weakening of the different modes of vibrations, which in its turn decreased the ultrasonic velocity. Quantitative analysis was carried out using Makishima–Mackenzie model in order to obtain more information about the rigidity of these glasses.

  4. Structural properties of lithium borate glasses doped with rare earth ions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomazini D.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the study on lithium triborate glass (LBO in the system (1-x|3B2O3.Li2O| (xNb2O5 yPr3+ zYb3+ wNd3+ with 0 <= x <= 20 mol% (y, z and w in mol%. The samples were studied by Raman spectroscopy, infrared absorption and differential thermal analysis. Pr3+-doped LBO and Pr3+/Yb3+-doped LBO samples show an increase of the glass transition and crystallization temperatures and a decrease of the fusion temperature associated with the increase of the praseodymium concentration in the LBO matrix. For the Nd3+-doped LBO and Pr3+/Yb3+-doped (LBO+Nb2O5 samples, a decrease of the glass transition temperature of the samples was observed. The increase of the rare earth doping leads to an increase of the difference between the glass transition and the crystallization temperatures. From infrared analysis it was possible to identify all the modes associated to the B-O structure. The NbO6 octahedra was also identified by IR spectroscopy for samples with x=5, 10, 15 and 20 mol% and y=0.05, z=1.1 mol%. Raman spectroscopy shows the presence of boroxol rings, tetrahedral and triangular coordination for boron. For samples containing niobium, the Raman spectra show the vibrational mode associated with the Nb-O bond in the niobium octahedra (NbO6.

  5. Spectroscopic properties and luminescence behaviour of europium doped lithium borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li2O–MO–B2O3 (MO=ZnO, CaO and CdO) glasses doped with europium are prepared by using the melt quenching technique to study their absorption and luminescence properties to understand their lasing potentialities. The XRD pattern of the glasses confirmed the amorphous nature and the IR spectra reveal the presence of BO3 and BO4 units in the glass network. Judd–Ofelt intensity parameters Ωλ (λ=2, 4, 6) are evaluated from the intensities of various absorption bands of optical absorption spectra. The J–O parameters have been used to calculate transition probabilities (A), lifetime (τR), branching ratios (βR) and stimulated emission cross-section (σP) for the 5D0→7FJ (J=1–4) transitions of the Eu3+ ions. The decay from the 5D0 level of Eu3+ ions in these glasses has been measured and analysed. Branching ratios and stimulated emission cross-sections measured for all these glasses show that the 5D0→7F1 transition under investigation has the potential for laser applications. The high stimulated emission cross-section and branching ratios from the present glasses suggests their potential for infra red lasers. The study of the thermoluminescence is also carried out and the data suggests that the CdBEu glass is suitable for thermoluminescence emission output among the three Eu3+ doped glasses

  6. Er-doped lead borate glasses and transparent glass ceramics for near-infrared luminescence and up-conversion applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pisarski, Wojciech A; Goryczka, Tomasz; Pisarska, Joanna; Ryba-Romanowski, Witold

    2007-03-15

    Lead borate based glasses have been analyzed using Raman and infrared spectroscopy. The formation of different borate groups and the direction of BO3 BO4 conversion strongly depends on the PbO- and/or PbF2-to-B2O3 ratio in chemical composition. PbF2-PbO-B2O3 based glasses containing Er3+ ions have been studied after annealing. The orthorhombic PbF2 crystallites are formed during thermal treatment, which was evidenced by X-ray diffraction analysis. Near-infrared luminescence at 1530 nm and green up-conversion at 545 nm have been registered for samples before and after annealing. The luminescence bands correspond to 4I13/2-4I15/2 and 4S3/2-4I15/2 transitions of Er3+ ions, respectively. In comparison to the precursor glasses, the luminescence intensities are higher in the studied transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics. Simultaneously, the half-width of the luminescence lines slightly decreases. It can be the evidence that a small amount of the Er3+ ions is incorporated into the orthorhombic PbF2 phase. PMID:17302452

  7. NIR fluorescence spectroscopic investigations of Er{sup 3+}-ions doped borate based tellurium calcium zinc niobium oxide glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ravi, O. [Department of Instrumentation, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517502 (India); Dhoble, S.J. [Department of Physics, RTM Nagpur University, Nagpur 440033 (India); Ramesh, B.; Devarajulu, G. [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517502 (India); Reddy, C. Madhukar [Department of Physics, AP Model School, Yerravaripalem 517194 (India); Linganna, K. [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517502 (India); Reddy, G. Rajasekhar [Department of Instrumentation, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517502 (India); Raju, B. Deva Prasad, E-mail: drdevaprasadraju@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517502 (India); Department of Future Studies, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517502 (India)

    2015-08-15

    A series of Er{sup 3+} ions doped tellurium calcium zinc niobium borate glasses were prepared by the melt quenching technique. The prepared samples were investigated by optical absorption and near infrared fluorescence spectroscopic studies. The obtained Judd–Ofelt intensity parameters Ω{sub λ} (λ=2, 4 and 6) were determined through experimental and calculated oscillator strengths obtained from absorption spectra and their results are studied and compared with reported literature. The stark-level energies of {sup 4}I{sub 13/2} excited and {sup 4}I{sub 15/2} ground states were evaluated by using both the absorption and emission measurements. The effect of Er{sup 3+} ion concentration on the emission intensity of {sup 4}I{sub 13/2}→{sup 4}I{sub 15/2} transition was discussed. Intense and broad 1.53 µm infrared fluorescence is observed at 980 nm diode laser excitation. Photoluminescence (PL) and its decay behavior studies were carried out for the transition {sup 4}I{sub 13/2}→{sup 4}I{sub 15/2} at 1.53 µm emission. The broad emission together with higher values of the bandwidth (81 nm), stimulated emission cross-section (32.25×10{sup −22} cm{sup 2}) and lifetime (530 µs for 1.0 mol% of Er{sup 3+}) of level {sup 4}I{sub 13/2} make these glasses attractive for broadband amplifiers. From the analysis of spectroscopic data, the present glass is a prospective photonic material for practical applications in the visible and NIR region. - Highlights: • In this study we prepared TCZNB glasses doped with Er{sup 3+} ions. • Glasses are characterized with absorption, emission and lifetime analysis. • Judd–Ofelt theory is used to calculate radiative properties. • TCZNB glasses could be used as NIR lasers.

  8. NIR fluorescence spectroscopic investigations of Er3+-ions doped borate based tellurium calcium zinc niobium oxide glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A series of Er3+ ions doped tellurium calcium zinc niobium borate glasses were prepared by the melt quenching technique. The prepared samples were investigated by optical absorption and near infrared fluorescence spectroscopic studies. The obtained Judd–Ofelt intensity parameters Ωλ (λ=2, 4 and 6) were determined through experimental and calculated oscillator strengths obtained from absorption spectra and their results are studied and compared with reported literature. The stark-level energies of 4I13/2 excited and 4I15/2 ground states were evaluated by using both the absorption and emission measurements. The effect of Er3+ ion concentration on the emission intensity of 4I13/2→4I15/2 transition was discussed. Intense and broad 1.53 µm infrared fluorescence is observed at 980 nm diode laser excitation. Photoluminescence (PL) and its decay behavior studies were carried out for the transition 4I13/2→4I15/2 at 1.53 µm emission. The broad emission together with higher values of the bandwidth (81 nm), stimulated emission cross-section (32.25×10−22 cm2) and lifetime (530 µs for 1.0 mol% of Er3+) of level 4I13/2 make these glasses attractive for broadband amplifiers. From the analysis of spectroscopic data, the present glass is a prospective photonic material for practical applications in the visible and NIR region. - Highlights: • In this study we prepared TCZNB glasses doped with Er3+ ions. • Glasses are characterized with absorption, emission and lifetime analysis. • Judd–Ofelt theory is used to calculate radiative properties. • TCZNB glasses could be used as NIR lasers

  9. Spectroscopic properties and luminescence behaviour of europium doped lithium borate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anjaiah, J., E-mail: anjaiah.juluru@gmail.com [Department of Physics, The University of Dodoma, Tanzania, East Africa (Tanzania, United Republic of); Department of Physics, Geethanjali College of Engineering and Technology, Keesara, RR Dist., Hyderabad 501 301 (India); Laxmikanth, C. [Department of Physics, The University of Dodoma, Tanzania, East Africa (Tanzania, United Republic of); Veeraiah, N. [Department of Physics, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Nagarjuna Nagar, Guntur 522 510, AP. (India)

    2014-12-01

    Li{sub 2}O–MO–B{sub 2}O{sub 3} (MO=ZnO, CaO and CdO) glasses doped with europium are prepared by using the melt quenching technique to study their absorption and luminescence properties to understand their lasing potentialities. The XRD pattern of the glasses confirmed the amorphous nature and the IR spectra reveal the presence of BO{sub 3} and BO{sub 4} units in the glass network. Judd–Ofelt intensity parameters Ω{sub λ} (λ=2, 4, 6) are evaluated from the intensities of various absorption bands of optical absorption spectra. The J–O parameters have been used to calculate transition probabilities (A), lifetime (τ{sub R}), branching ratios (β{sub R}) and stimulated emission cross-section (σ{sub P}) for the {sup 5}D{sub 0}→{sup 7}F{sub J} (J=1–4) transitions of the Eu{sup 3+} ions. The decay from the {sup 5}D{sub 0} level of Eu{sup 3+} ions in these glasses has been measured and analysed. Branching ratios and stimulated emission cross-sections measured for all these glasses show that the {sup 5}D{sub 0}→{sup 7}F{sub 1} transition under investigation has the potential for laser applications. The high stimulated emission cross-section and branching ratios from the present glasses suggests their potential for infra red lasers. The study of the thermoluminescence is also carried out and the data suggests that the CdBEu glass is suitable for thermoluminescence emission output among the three Eu{sup 3+} doped glasses.

  10. Visible red, NIR and Mid-IR emission studies of Ho3+ doped Zinc Alumino Bismuth Borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahamuda, Sk.; Swapna, K.; Packiyaraj, P.; Srinivasa Rao, A.; Vijaya Prakash, G.

    2013-12-01

    Zinc Alumino Bismuth Borate (ZnAlBiB) glasses doped with different concentrations of Holmium were prepared by conventional melt quenching technique. The glassy nature of these glasses has been confirmed through the XRD spectral measurements. The FTIR spectra recorded for undoped glass revealed the information related to the functional groups involved in the host glass. Optical absorption, excitation and photoluminescence spectra of these glasses have been recorded at room temperature. The Judd-Ofelt theory has been applied successfully to characterize the absorption spectra of the ZnAlBiB glasses. From this theory various radiative properties such as radiative transition probability (AR), radiative lifetimes (τR), branching ratios (βR) and spectroscopic quality factor (χ) for the prominent emission levels 5F5 → 5I7, 5F5 → 5I8 and 5I7 → 5I8 have been evaluated. The photoluminescence spectra revealed the quenching of luminescence intensity beyond 1.0 mol% of Ho3+ ion concentration in ZnAlBiB glasses. To investigate the lasing potentiality of 5F5 → 5I7, 5F5 → 5I8 and 5I7 → 5I8 transitions, the effective band width (Δλp) and the stimulated emission cross-section (σse) were determined. The CIE chromaticity co-ordinates were also evaluated from the emission spectra for all the glasses to understand the suitability of these materials for visible red laser emission in principle.

  11. Copper doped borate dosimeters revisited

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alajerami, Y.S.M. [Department of Physics, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor (Malaysia); Department of Medical Radiography, Al-Azhar University, Gaza Strip, Palestine (Country Unknown); Hashim, S., E-mail: suhairul@utm.my [Department of Physics, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor (Malaysia); Oncology Treatment Centre, Sultan Ismail Hospital, 81100 Johor Bahru (Malaysia); Ghoshal, S.K. [Department of Physics, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor (Malaysia); Bradley, D.A. [Centre for Nuclear and Radiation Physics, Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford GU2 7XH (United Kingdom); Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Mhareb, M. [Department of Physics, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor (Malaysia); Saleh, M.A. [Department of Physics, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor (Malaysia); National Atomic Energy Commission (NATEC), Sana' a (Yemen)

    2014-11-15

    We render a panoramic overview on copper (Cu) doped borate dosimeters. Preparing a dosimeter by mixing specific materials with precise weights and methods is a never-ending quest. The recommended composition is highly decisive for accurate estimation of the absorbed dose, prediction of the biological outcome, determination of the treatment dose for radiation therapy and facilitation of personal monitoring. Based on these principles, the proposed dosimeter must cover a series of dosimetric properties to realize the exact results and assessment. The doped borate dosimeters indeed demonstrate attractive thermoluminescence (TL) features. Several dedicated efforts are attempted to improve the luminescence properties by doping various transition metals or rare-earth elements. The Cu ion being one of the preferred activators shows excellent TL properties as revealed via detail comparison with other dosimeters. Two oxide states of Cu (Cu{sup +} and Cu{sup ++}) with reasonable atomic number allow easy interaction with boron network. Interestingly, the intrinsic luminescent centers of borate lattice are in cross linked with that of Cu{sup +} ions. Thus, the activation of borate dosimeter with Cu ions for the enhancement of the TL sensitivity is recognized. These dosimeters reveal similar glow curves as the standard TLD-100 (LiF:Mg,Ti) one irrespective of the use of modifiers and synthesis techniques. They display high sensitivity, low fading, dose response linearity over wide range and practical minimum detectable dose. Furthermore, the effective atomic number being the most beneficial aspect (equivalent to that of human tissue) of borate dosimeters do not show any change due to Cu ion activations. The past development, major challenges, excitement, applications, recent progress and the future promises of Cu doped borate TL dosimeters are highlighted. - Highlights: • The manuscript gives a panoramic overview on copper doped borate dosimeters. • Cu ions activated

  12. Effect of co-doped SnO{sub 2} nanoparticles on photoluminescence of cu-doped potassium lithium borate glass

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Namma, Haydar Aboud; Wagiran, H.; Hussin, R.; Ariwahjoedi, B. [Department of Physics, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai 81310, Malaysia and Baghdad College of Economic Sciences University (Iraq); Fundamental and Applied Sciences Department, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, 31750 Tronoh (Malaysia)

    2012-09-26

    The SnO{sub 2} co-doped lithium potassium borate glasses doped with 0.05, 0.10, 0.25 and 0.50 mol% of Cu were synthesized by the melt quenching technique. The SnO{sub 2} co-dope was added to the compounds in the amounts of 0.05, 0.10, and 0.20 mol%. The photoluminescent spectrum for different concentrations of copper was studied. It was observed that the intensity of blue emission (450, 490 nm) varies with concentration mol%. In addition, with different concentration of SnO{sub 2} to 0.10 mol% Cu, the influence of the luminescence has been observed to enhance intensity and shifted to blue and red (490, 535 nm) emissions.

  13. Luminescence characterization of Eu{sup 3+} doped Zinc Alumino Bismuth Borate glasses for visible red emission applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Swapna, K.; Mahamuda, Sk. [Department of Physics, K L University, Green Fields, Vaddeswaram, 522 502 Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh (India); Rao, A. Srinivasa, E-mail: drsrallam@gmail.com [Department of Physics, K L University, Green Fields, Vaddeswaram, 522 502 Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh (India); Department of Applied Physics, Delhi Technological University, Bawana Road, New Delhi 110 042 (India); Sasikala, T. [Department of Physics, SV University, Tirupathi 517 502, Andhra Pradesh (India); Packiyaraj, P. [Nanophotonics Laboratory, Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology-Delhi, Hauz Khaz, New Delhi 110 016 (India); Moorthy, L. Rama [Department of Physics, SV University, Tirupathi 517 502, Andhra Pradesh (India); Prakash, G. Vijaya [Nanophotonics Laboratory, Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology-Delhi, Hauz Khaz, New Delhi 110 016 (India)

    2014-12-15

    Zinc Alumino Bismuth Borate (ZnAlBiB) glasses doped with different concentrations of Eu{sup 3+} ions have been prepared by rapid melt quenching technique and characterized for their luminescence behavior through various spectroscopic techniques such as absorption, excitation, emission, decay profiles and confocal image measurements at room temperature. From the measured absorption spectra, the bonding parameters (δ) were evaluated to find the nature of bonding between Eu{sup 3+} ions with its surrounding ligands in these ZnAlBiB glasses. The emission spectra of Eu{sup 3+} ions in ZnAlBiB glasses excited at 410 nm (CW laser) show the characteristic of Eu{sup 3+} ions with more intense visible red emission corresponding to {sup 5}D{sub 0}→{sup 7}F{sub 2} transition. This intense visible red emission is further confirmed by the confocal luminescence images recorded for all the ZnAlBiB glasses. Judd–Ofelt (J–O) parameters estimated from the emission spectral information are used to estimate the important radiative properties such as transition probability (A{sub R}), branching ratios (β{sub R}) and emission-cross sections for the prominent emission levels. The large stimulated emission cross-sections and branching ratios observed for ZnAlBiB glasses suggest the utility of these glasses in visible red region of the electromagnetic spectrum. The CIE chromaticity coordinates evaluated from the emission spectra and the confocal images recorded for all the ZnAlBiB glasses also indicates that, these glasses at higher concentration of Eu{sup 3+} ions are aptly suitable for intense red emission at 613 nm corresponding to {sup 5}D{sub 0}→{sup 7}F{sub 2} transition. - Highlights: • ZnAlBiB glasses doped with Eu{sup 3+} ions were prepared by conventional melt quenching technique. • Radiative properties are measured from the emission spectra. • Quantum efficiency of the ZnAlBiB glasses is measured by using radiative and measured lifetimes. • CIE Chromaticity

  14. Judd-Ofelt analysis and spectral properties of Dy3+ ions doped niobium containing tellurium calcium zinc borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravi, O.; Reddy, C. Madhukar; Reddy, B. Sudhakar; Deva Prasad Raju, B.

    2014-02-01

    Niobium containing tellurium calcium zinc borate (TCZNB) glasses doped with different concentrations of Dy3+ ions were prepared by the melt quenching method and their optical properties have been studied. The Judd-Ofelt (J-O) intensity parameters Ωt (t=2, 4 and 6) were calculated using the least square fit method. Based on the magnitude of Ω2 parameter the hypersensitivity of 6H15/2→6F11/2 has also been discussed. From the evaluated J-O intensity parameters as well as from the emission and lifetime measurements, radiative transition properties such as radiative transition probability rates and branching ratios were calculated for 4F9/2 excited level. It is found that for Dy3+ ion, the transition 4F9/2→6H13/2 shows highest emission cross-section at 1.0 mol% TCZNB glass matrix. From the visible luminescence spectra, yellow to blue (Y/B) intensity ratios and chromaticity color coordinates were also estimated. The TCZNB glasses exhibit good luminescence properties and are suitable for generation of white light.

  15. Investigation of Optical and Luminescence Properties of Soda Lime Borate Glasses Doped with Sm3+ Ion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FALAK Zaman; GUL Rooh; NATTAPON Srisittipokakun; JACKRAPONG Kaewkhao

    2016-01-01

    This paper was to investigate the optical and luminescence properties of Sm3+ doped SLB glasses by a melt quenching technique. The optical and luminescence properties of the prepared glass samples were investigatedvia ab-sorption and photoluminescence spectra, respectively. The related physical and optical parameters were also calculated. From optical absorption measurements, the transition6H5/2→6P3/2at 403 nm has a higher spectral intensity and is a hypersensitive transition. From photoluminescence spectra, four prominent emission spectra appear. The most intense band is located at4G5/2→6H9/2(599 nm), which is the characteristic emission range of Sm3+ ions with the reddish orange color. The experimental decay time of the4G5/2 level of Sm3+ SLB glasses was determined. The decay time decreases from 1.367 to 0.333 ms with increasing the content of Sm3+. The color coordinates (x,y) of the prepared glasses passes through the reddish-orange region in the CIE 1931 diagram and are suitable for orange LEDs, optoelectronics, and solid- state lighting. The further investigation on the optimization of the dopant content in the SLB glasses was suggested.

  16. Optical and other spectroscopic studies of lead, zinc bismuth borate glasses doped with CuO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajyasree, Ch.; Vinaya Teja, P. Michael; Murthy, K. V. R.; Krishna Rao, D.

    2011-12-01

    10MO·20Bi2O3·(70-x)B2O3·xCuO [M=Pb, Zn] with x=0, 0.4 and 0.8 (wt%) glasses were synthesized by the melt-quenching technique and were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques. Physical parameters, like density, and spectroscopic studies (optical absorption, EPR, FTIR and photoluminescence) were used to understand the role of modifier oxide and CuO in the glass matrix. A red shift of the absorption band corresponds to 2B1g→2B2g transition of Cu2+ ions from P2 to Z4 samples and the increase of hyperfine splitting factor (A‖) from P2 to Z2 shows that with the integration of PbO by ZnO the electron density around copper ion is increased. It is also supported by the gradual increase in theoretical optical basicity values of ZnO mixed glasses, as compared to that of PbO mixed glass matrix. Reduced bismuth radicals are found in undoped and 0.4% CuO doped glasses of both the series. Analysis of the absorption and emission studies indicates that the concentration of luminescence centers of bismuth ions (Bi3+ ions in UV region) is decreased by the integration of ZnO as well as by increasing the dopant concentration. In lead series PbO4 and BiO3 units are increased from P2 to P4 and in zinc series BiO3 units are decreased from Z0 to Z4. The conductivity of the glass matrices is increased in both the series with the dopant of CuO.

  17. The influence of cation additives on the NIR luminescence intensity of Er3+-doped borate glasses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhou Yong-Liang; Zhang Xiao-Song; Xu Jian-Ping; Zhang Zhong-Peng; Zhang Gao-Feng; Wei Feng-Wei; Li Lan

    2012-01-01

    Er3+-doped 25BaO-(25-x)SiO2-xAl2O3-25B2O3 transparent glasses are prepared with x =0,12.5 and 25 by a solid-state reaction.The Er-related NIR luminescence intensity,which corresponds to the transition of 4I15/2-4I13/2,is obviously altered with different silicon/aluminum ratios.The Judd-Ofelt parameters of the Er3+ ions are adopted to explain the intensity change in the NIR fluorescence,and the Raman scattering intensity versus the amount of Al and/or Si components are discussed.The spectra of the three samples are quite similar in the peak positions,but different in intensity.The maximal phonon density of state for the samples is calculated from the Raman spectra and is correlated to the NIR luminescence efficiency.

  18. Study the influence of zinc oxide addition on cobalt doped alkaline earth borate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahmad, F., E-mail: F.Ahmad378@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Alazhar University (Girls Branch), Nasr City, Cairo (Egypt); Hassan Aly, E. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, P.O. Box 11566, Abbassia, Cairo (Egypt); Atef, M.; ElOkr, M.M. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Alazhar University, Nasr City, Cairo (Egypt)

    2014-04-01

    Highlights: • The glassy system xZnO–(79.9−x)B{sub 2}O{sub 3}–20BaO–0.1Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} was prepared by a quenching method. • XRD patterns revealed that the amorphous nature of the present glasses matrix. • The results show that Zn{sup 2+} ions occupy both forming and modifying positions. • Optical parameters are reported as a function of ZnO content. - Abstract: The glasses of the composition 79.9B{sub 2}O{sub 3}–20BaO–0.1Co{sub 3}O{sub 4} doped with different concentrations of ZnO (5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 mol%) were prepared using melt quenching technique. Various studies such as XRD, density, theoretical optical basicity, FT-IR and optical absorption have been carried out to study the role of ZnO on the physical and structural properties of the investigated system. Powder X-ray diffraction patterns confirmed the glassy nature of all the glassy samples. The density and molar volume of glassy samples showed opposite behavior to each other. An increment of the theoretical optical basicity with increasing ZnO content, which is due to an increase in the polarizability and a decrease in the single bond strength is observed. FT-IR analysis revealed that an increase in non-bridging oxygen’s (NBO’s) up to ZnO ⩽ 15 mol% and then a decrease at ZnO > 15 mol%. The results indicated that the Zn{sup 2+} ions are likely to occupy network modifier positions at a concentration of ZnO ⩽ 15 mol%. Above which these ions occupy network forming positions. From ultraviolet absorption edges calculations, the optical band gap energy and steepness parameter decrease whilst Urbach energy and refractive index increase by the addition of ZnO up to 15 mol% above which then the behavior follows reversal trend. The values of the crystal field strength and the interelectronic repulsion Racah parameter calculated from the optical transitions energies of cobalt doped glassy samples. All prepared samples exhibit blue color, indicating that mostly Co ions are acted upon

  19. Study the influence of zinc oxide addition on cobalt doped alkaline earth borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • The glassy system xZnO–(79.9−x)B2O3–20BaO–0.1Co3O4 was prepared by a quenching method. • XRD patterns revealed that the amorphous nature of the present glasses matrix. • The results show that Zn2+ ions occupy both forming and modifying positions. • Optical parameters are reported as a function of ZnO content. - Abstract: The glasses of the composition 79.9B2O3–20BaO–0.1Co3O4 doped with different concentrations of ZnO (5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 mol%) were prepared using melt quenching technique. Various studies such as XRD, density, theoretical optical basicity, FT-IR and optical absorption have been carried out to study the role of ZnO on the physical and structural properties of the investigated system. Powder X-ray diffraction patterns confirmed the glassy nature of all the glassy samples. The density and molar volume of glassy samples showed opposite behavior to each other. An increment of the theoretical optical basicity with increasing ZnO content, which is due to an increase in the polarizability and a decrease in the single bond strength is observed. FT-IR analysis revealed that an increase in non-bridging oxygen’s (NBO’s) up to ZnO ⩽ 15 mol% and then a decrease at ZnO > 15 mol%. The results indicated that the Zn2+ ions are likely to occupy network modifier positions at a concentration of ZnO ⩽ 15 mol%. Above which these ions occupy network forming positions. From ultraviolet absorption edges calculations, the optical band gap energy and steepness parameter decrease whilst Urbach energy and refractive index increase by the addition of ZnO up to 15 mol% above which then the behavior follows reversal trend. The values of the crystal field strength and the interelectronic repulsion Racah parameter calculated from the optical transitions energies of cobalt doped glassy samples. All prepared samples exhibit blue color, indicating that mostly Co ions are acted upon by tetrahedral ligand field

  20. Physical and electrical properties of copper oxide doped bismuth borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhiman, R. L.; Kundu, Virender Singh; Arora, Susheel; Maan, A. S.

    2013-06-01

    The role of CuO on the physical and electrical properties in x CuO.(25-x)Bi2O3.75B2O3;(5≤x≤20) glass system has been investigated. The glasses were prepared by normal melt quench technique. The density and molar volume of the glasses decreases with increase in CuO (mol %). The dc conductivity was measured in the temperature range 413-513 K. The conduction mechanism in these glasses was discussed in terms of small polaron hopping (SPH) theory proposed by Mott. The activation energy is found to decrease with increasing copper oxide content. The dc conductivity increases with increase in CuO content and ranging from 6.02×10-12 (Ωm)-1 to 1.096×10-10 (Ωm)-1 at 450K.

  1. Structural study and DC conductivity of vanadyl doped zinc lithium borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Glasses with composition xZnO⋅(30 − x)⋅Li2O⋅70B2O3 containing 2 mol% of V2O5 (x = 0, 2, 5, 7 and 10) were prepared by standard melt-quench technique. The amorphous nature of the glass samples was confirmed by using x-ray diffraction. The structural changes in these glasses have been investigated by employing IR spectroscopy in the mid-IR range. The infrared spectroscopic analysis confirms the presence of both triangular and tetraheldral coordinated boron units and absence of boroxol ring. It also shows that metal-oxide vibrations are present which are due to the bonding of lithium and zinc ions with oxygen. The dc conductivity was measured in the temperature range 353-523 K. The dc conductivity results show that conductivity decreases and activation energy increases when Li2O is replaced by ZnO, keeping the concentration of B2O3 constant. Decrease in conductivity and increase in activation energy shows that addition of ZnO to the glass matrix shows a “blocking effect” on the overall mobility of alkali ions, but at higher concentration the hopping effect was also observed

  2. Structural study and DC conductivity of vanadyl doped zinc lithium borate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seema [Physics Department, Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram University of Science & Technology, Murthal-131039 (India); Physics Department, Baba Mast Nath University, Asthal Bohr, Rohtak-124001 (India); Khasa, S., E-mail: skhasa@rediff.com; Dahiya, M. S.; Yadav, Arti [Physics Department, Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram University of Science & Technology, Murthal-131039 (India); Agarwal, A. [Applied Physics Department, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science & Technology, Hisar-125001 (India); Dahiya, S. [Physics Department, Baba Mast Nath University, Asthal Bohr, Rohtak-124001 (India)

    2015-06-24

    Glasses with composition xZnO⋅(30 − x)⋅Li{sub 2}O⋅70B{sub 2}O{sub 3} containing 2 mol% of V{sub 2}O{sub 5} (x = 0, 2, 5, 7 and 10) were prepared by standard melt-quench technique. The amorphous nature of the glass samples was confirmed by using x-ray diffraction. The structural changes in these glasses have been investigated by employing IR spectroscopy in the mid-IR range. The infrared spectroscopic analysis confirms the presence of both triangular and tetraheldral coordinated boron units and absence of boroxol ring. It also shows that metal-oxide vibrations are present which are due to the bonding of lithium and zinc ions with oxygen. The dc conductivity was measured in the temperature range 353-523 K. The dc conductivity results show that conductivity decreases and activation energy increases when Li{sub 2}O is replaced by ZnO, keeping the concentration of B{sub 2}O{sub 3} constant. Decrease in conductivity and increase in activation energy shows that addition of ZnO to the glass matrix shows a “blocking effect” on the overall mobility of alkali ions, but at higher concentration the hopping effect was also observed.

  3. Structural study and DC conductivity of vanadyl doped zinc lithium borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seema, Khasa, S.; Dahiya, M. S.; Yadav, Arti; Agarwal, A.; Dahiya, S.

    2015-06-01

    Glasses with composition xZnOṡ(30 - x)ṡLi2Oṡ70B2O3 containing 2 mol% of V2O5 (x = 0, 2, 5, 7 and 10) were prepared by standard melt-quench technique. The amorphous nature of the glass samples was confirmed by using x-ray diffraction. The structural changes in these glasses have been investigated by employing IR spectroscopy in the mid-IR range. The infrared spectroscopic analysis confirms the presence of both triangular and tetraheldral coordinated boron units and absence of boroxol ring. It also shows that metal-oxide vibrations are present which are due to the bonding of lithium and zinc ions with oxygen. The dc conductivity was measured in the temperature range 353-523 K. The dc conductivity results show that conductivity decreases and activation energy increases when Li2O is replaced by ZnO, keeping the concentration of B2O3 constant. Decrease in conductivity and increase in activation energy shows that addition of ZnO to the glass matrix shows a "blocking effect" on the overall mobility of alkali ions, but at higher concentration the hopping effect was also observed.

  4. Electrical properties and scaling behaviour of Sm3+ doped CaF2-bismuth borate glasses

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A A Ali; M H Shaaban

    2011-06-01

    The electrical properties for 20Bi2O3–60B2O3 (20−)–CaF2–Sm2O3 glasses (0 ≤ ≤ 2) were measured in the temperature range 297 K up to 629 K and in the frequency range 0.1–100 kHz. The d.c. and a.c. conductivity values and the dielectric loss (tan ) values were found to increase with increasing Sm2O3 content, whereas the activation energy of conductivities and the dielectric constant decreased. These results were attributed to the introduction of the rare earth ions; promote the formation of a high number of non-bridging oxygen atoms, which facilitate the mobility of charge carriers. The frequency dependence of the a.c. conductivity follows the power law ac() =As . The frequency exponent () values (0.64 < < 0.8) decrease with increasing temperature. This suggested that the a.c. conduction mechanism follows the correlated barrier hopping model (CBH). The dielectric constant (') and dielectric loss (tan values) were found to increase with increasing temperature and increasing Sm2O3 concentration in the glass. The a.c. conductivities as a function of frequency at different temperatures of a given glass superimposed onto a master curve (Roling scaling model). Furthermore, we have performed to scale the data as a function of composition. Two master curves were obtained, which suggested that there are differences in dominant charge carriers between glasses having Sm2O3 concentration ≥1 and glass of Sm2O3 concentration <1.

  5. Luminescence studies of Dy{sup 3+} doped bismuth zinc borate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shanmugavelu, B.; Kumar, V.V. Ravi Kanth, E-mail: ravi.phy@pondiuni.edu.in

    2014-02-15

    Glasses having composition of (100−x) (1Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}–1ZnO–1B{sub 2}O{sub 3})-xDy{sub 2}O{sub 3} (where x=0.1, 0.3, 0.5, 1 and 2 mol%) were prepared by melt quenching method and characterized through optical absorption, emission and decay curve measurements. Optical absorption spectra have been analyzed using Judd–Ofelt theory. Asymmetric ratio, the intensity ratio of yellow to blue transitions, has been calculated from the emission spectra to understand the symmetry around the Dy{sup 3+} ions in the glass matrix. The emission spectra have been analyzed in the framework of CIE 1931 chromaticity colour coordinates in order to find out the white light emission characteristics of the glasses. The decay curve measurements exhibit single exponential behaviour up to 1 mol% of Dy{sup 3+} ions whereas non exponential behaviour is observed for 2 mol% of Dy{sup 3+} ions. The non exponential curve has been fitted to the Inokuti–Hirayama model to understand the nature of energy transfer process. -- Highlights: • Luminescence quenching occurs at high concentration of Dy{sup 3+} ion. • The interaction between Dy{sup 3+} ions is of dipole–dipole type. • CIE chromaticity coordinates fall within the white light region.

  6. Structural and physical properties of vanadium doped copper bismuth borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The structural and physical properties of xCuO(30−x)Bi2O3−70B2O3; x= 0, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 mol % with 2 mol %V2O5 glasses prepared by normal melt quench technique have been investigated by means of FT-IR and physical measurement techniques. With the addition of copper oxide (x≤ 10 mol%), the frequency bands in the higher region shift towards lower wave number, suggest the conversion of BO3 to BO4 structural units, which in turn give rise to the formation of Non Bridging Oxygen’s (NBOs). For further increase in CuO (i.e. for x≥ 10 mol %), the frequency bands shift towards higher wave number, indicate the formation of Bridging Oxygen’s (BOs). The FTIR analysis reveals that the present glass system is based on the BiO3 pyramidal, BiO6 octahedral units and also on BO3 and BO4 structural units. The systematic variation in density and molar volume in these glasses indicates the effect of CuO substitution.

  7. XRD and EPR structural investigation of some zinc borate glasses doped with iron ions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stefan, Razvan; Pascuta, Petru; Popa, Adriana; Raita, Oana; Indrea, Emil; Culea, Eugen

    2012-02-01

    Glasses in the system xFe2O3·(100-x) [45ZnO·55B2O3] (0≤x≤10 mol%) have been prepared by melting at 1200 °C and rapidly cooling at room temperature. The obtained samples were submitted to an additional thermal treatment at 570 °C for 12 h in order to relax the glass structure as well as to improve the local order. The as cast and heat treated samples were investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) measurements. The XRD patterns of all the studied samples show their vitreous nature. Structural modifications occurring in the heat treated samples compared to the untreated ones have been pointed out. EPR spectra of untreated and heat treated samples revealed resonance absorptions centered at g≈2.0, g≈4.3 and g≈6.4. The compositional variation of the line intensity and linewidth of the absorptions from g≈4.3 and g≈2.0 have been interpreted in terms of the variation in the concentration of the Fe3+ ions and the interaction between the iron ions. The EPR spectra of the untreated samples containing 5 mol% Fe2O3 have been studied at different temperatures (110-290 K). The line intensity of the resonance signals decreases with increase in temperature whereas the linewidth is found to be independent of temperature. It was also found that the temperature variation of reciprocal line intensity obeys the Boltzmann law.

  8. Effect of ZnSe and CdSe nanoparticles on the fluorescence and optical band gap of Sm3+ doped lead borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fatokun, Stephen O.

    For the first part of this work, we prepared a series of Sm-doped lead borate (PbO-B2O3) glasses containing zinc selenide (ZnSe) and cadmium selenide (CdSe) nanoparticles (NPs) and studied the Sm 3+ fluorescence by varying the glass composition and size of the NPs. We have chosen these heavy metal oxide glasses to incorporate Sm3+ ions because they have large glass forming region, high refractive index, and good physical and thermal stability. Lead borate glasses with the following compositions xPbO:(96.5-x)B2O 3:0.5Sm2O3:3ZnSe/CdSe, x=36.5 and 56.5 mol%) are prepared using the melt-quenching method. Transmission electron microscopy characterization was done to confirm both nucleation and growth of the NPs for different annealing times. Fluorescence spectra of these samples are obtained with the excitation wavelengths at 403 and 477nm. Three fluorescence transitions are observed at 563 nm, 598 nm and 646 nm. The transition at 646 nm is a electric dipole (ED) transition that strongly depends on the covalency of the Sm-O bond and the asymmetry of the crystal field at the Sm3+ site. The 646 nm/598 nm fluorescence intensity ratio has been studied for different annealing times and PbO concentration for both ZnSe and CdSe samples. Longer annealing times tend to make the crystal field at the Sm3+ site more symmetric in nature for these glasses. The presence of CdSe NPs is seen to produce the greatest influence on the fluorescence intensity ratio. This is believed to be due to the larger size of the CdSe nanoparticles and its stronger influence on Sm3+ ions. The second part of this work was dedicated to the understanding of the optical band gap of samarium doped lead borate glasses with and without ZnSe/CdSe NPs. Optical absorption spectra for all these glass samples show their absorption edge in the ultraviolet region. Detailed analysis of the absorption edge was carried out using the Mott-Davis model and the optical band gap and the width of the tail in the band gap

  9. Characterization of Cr3+ doped mixed alkali ions effect in zinc borate glasses - Physical and spectroscopic investigations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rama Sundari, G.; Pushpa Manjari, V.; Raghavendra Rao, T.; Satish, D. V.; Rama Krishna, Ch.; Venkata Reddy, Ch.; Ravikumar, R. V. S. S. N.

    2014-06-01

    The physical and structural properties of Cr3+ doped 19.9 ZnO + xLi2O + (30 - x) Na2O + 50B2O3 (5 ⩽ x ⩽ 25) (ZLNB) glasses have been studied. Powder X-ray diffraction patterns indicated the amorphous nature of the glass samples. The physical parameters of all the glasses were also evaluated with respect to the composition. They exhibit the non-linearity providing the evidence for mixed alkali ions effect. The infrared spectra of the glasses in the range 400-4000 cm-1 showed the presence of BO3 and BO4 local structures in all the glass systems. No boroxol ring formation was observed in the structure of these glasses. Optical absorption and electron paramagnetic resonance studies were carried out at room temperature. From the optical absorption data various optical parameters such as optical band gap, Urbach energy were evaluated. Crystal field and Racah parameters are evaluated from optical absorption spectra. The EPR spectra of Cr3+ doped ZLNB glasses exhibited resonance signals at g = 4.066 and g = 1.9779 characteristic of Cr3+ ions. The evaluated bonding parameters suggest the covalent nature.

  10. Optical absorption and luminescence characteristics of Dy{sup 3+} doped Zinc Alumino Bismuth Borate glasses for lasing materials and white LEDs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Swapna, K.; Mahamuda, Sk. [Department of Physics, K.L. University, Green Fields, Vaddeswaram 522502, A.P. (India); Srinivasa Rao, A., E-mail: drsrallam@yahoo.co.in [Department of Physics, K.L. University, Green Fields, Vaddeswaram 522502, A.P. (India); Department of Applied Physics, Delhi Technological University, Delhi 110042 (India); Jayasimhadri, M. [Department of Applied Physics, Delhi Technological University, Delhi 110042 (India); Sasikala, T.; Rama Moorthy, L. [Department of Physics, S.V. University, Tirupathi 517502, A.P. (India)

    2013-07-15

    Good optical quality Dy{sup 3+} doped Zinc Alumino Bismuth Borate (ZnAlBiB) glasses were prepared by the conventional melt quenching technique and characterized by optical absorption and luminescence studies. The glassy nature of these materials has been confirmed through XRD measurements. From the absorption spectra, the three phenomenological JO parameters Ω{sub λ} (λ=2,4 and 6) have been determined from the absorption spectral intensities by using the JO theory. Luminescence spectra were measured for different concentrations of Dy{sup 3+} ions doped glasses by exciting the glasses at 387 nm. The intensity of Dy{sup 3+} emission spectra increases from 0.5 mol% to 1 mol % and beyond 1 mol % the concentration quenching is observed. The suitable concentration of Dy{sup 3+} ions for ZnAlBiB glassy material to act as good lasing material has been discussed by measuring the branching ratios and emission cross-sections for two strong emission transitions such as {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}→{sup 6}H{sub 15/2} and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2}→{sup 6}H{sub 13/2} observed in visible region. By exciting these glassy materials at various excitation wavelengths in n-UV region, the CIE chromaticity coordinates were evaluated for the two sharp emissions observed in blue ({sup 4}F{sub 9/2}→{sup 6}H{sub 15/2}) and yellow ({sup 4}F{sub 9/2}→{sup 6}H{sub 13/2}) regions to understand the suitability of these materials for white light generation. -- Highlights: ► Successfully synthesized the transparent Zinc Alumino Bismuth Borate glasses. ► Measured the absorption and luminescence properties. ► Discussed the spectroscopic properties by using Judd–Ofelt analysis for ZnAlBiB glasses. ► Finally, suitability of these glasses for lasers and white LEDs has been discussed.

  11. Effect of Li2O content on physical and structural properties of vanadyl doped alkali zinc borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effect of Li2O content in vanadyl doped 20ZnO+xLi2O+(30-x)Na2O+50B2O3 (5≤x≥25) glasses has been studied with respect to their physical and structural properties. The absence of sharp peaks in XRD spectra of these glass samples confirms the amorphous nature. The physical parameters like density, refractive index, ionic concentration and electronic polarizability vary non-linearly with x mol% depending on the diffusivities of alkali ions. EPR and optical absorption spectra reveal that the resonance signals are characteristics of VO2+ ions in tetragonally compressed octahedral site. Spin-Hamiltonian, crystal field, tetragonal field and bonding parameters are found to be in good agreement with the other reported glass systems. The tetragonal distortion (gperpendicular-g||) and Dt reveals that their values vary non-linearly with Li2O content and reaches a minimum at x=10 mol%. An anomaly of character has been observed in all the properties of vanadyl doped glass systems, which gives a clear indication of mixed alkali effect.

  12. Effect of Li 2O content on physical and structural properties of vanadyl doped alkali zinc borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raghavendra Rao, T.; Rama Krishna, Ch.; Udayachandran Thampy, U. S.; Venkata Reddy, Ch.; Reddy, Y. P.; Sambasiva Rao, P.; Ravikumar, R. V. S. S. N.

    2011-05-01

    The effect of Li 2O content in vanadyl doped 20ZnO+ xLi 2O+(30- x)Na 2O+50B 2O 3 (5≤ x≥25) glasses has been studied with respect to their physical and structural properties. The absence of sharp peaks in XRD spectra of these glass samples confirms the amorphous nature. The physical parameters like density, refractive index, ionic concentration and electronic polarizability vary non-linearly with x mol% depending on the diffusivities of alkali ions. EPR and optical absorption spectra reveal that the resonance signals are characteristics of VO 2+ ions in tetragonally compressed octahedral site. Spin-Hamiltonian, crystal field, tetragonal field and bonding parameters are found to be in good agreement with the other reported glass systems. The tetragonal distortion ( g⊥- g∥) and Dt reveals that their values vary non-linearly with Li 2O content and reaches a minimum at x=10 mol%. An anomaly of character has been observed in all the properties of vanadyl doped glass systems, which gives a clear indication of mixed alkali effect.

  13. Bioactive borate glass coatings for titanium alloys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peddi, Laxmikanth; Brow, Richard K; Brown, Roger F

    2008-09-01

    Bioactive borate glass coatings have been developed for titanium and titanium alloys. Glasses from the Na(2)O-CaO-B(2)O(3) system, modified by additions of SiO(2), Al(2)O(3), and P(2)O(5), were characterized and compositions with thermal expansion matches to titanium were identified. Infrared and X-ray diffraction analyses indicate that a hydroxyapatite surface layer forms on the borate glasses after exposure to a simulated body fluid for 2 weeks at 37 degrees C; similar layers form on 45S5 Bioglass((R)) exposed to the same conditions. Assays with MC3T3-E1 pre-osteoblastic cells show the borate glasses exhibit in vitro biocompatibility similar to that of the 45S5 Bioglass((R)). An enameling technique was developed to form adherent borate glass coatings on Ti6Al4V alloy, with adhesive strengths of 36 +/- 2 MPa on polished substrates. The results show these new borate glasses to be promising candidates for forming bioactive coatings on titanium substrates.

  14. Structural properties of Zinc Lithium borate glass

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saidu, A.; Wagiran, H.; Saeed, M. A.; Alajerami, Y. S. M.

    2014-09-01

    Zinc Lithium Borate glasses of different composition were prepared with the aim of using it for thermoluminescence dosimetry. Melt quenching method was adopted in this process. Fourier transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and UV-vis-NIR spectroscopy techniques were employed to investigate the infrared spectra and energy band gap of different composition of Zinc Lithium Borate glasses. X-ray diffraction analysis was used to confirm the amorphous nature of the glass samples. Glass forming ability and stability of the glass was checked using Differential thermal analysis (DTA). Density, molar volume, refractive index parameters have been analyzed in the light of different concentration of the modifier. The active vibrational modes of 1200-1600 cm-1 for B-O stretching of BO3 units, 800-1200 cm-1 for B-O stretching of BO4 units and 400-800 cm-1 for bending vibration of various borate segments were detected. Addition of ZnO to lithium borate shows its influence in converting the dominant BO3 group to BO4 group. BO4 are known for creating complex defects, a situation that established deep and stable traps good for thermoluminescence phenomena. From optical data, direct and indirect energy band gap has been calculated using the data obtained from UV-vis-NIR spectroscopy. Both direct and indirect band gaps decrease with the increase of modifier Li2CO3.

  15. Dielectric Properties of Some Borate Glasses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The dielectric constant, ε', and the dielectric loss, ε", forsome selected lead borate glasses within the frequency band 105 to 107 Hz and the temperature range (20~50)℃ were measured. The dielectric dispersion and the dielectric loss absorption bands were observed, the relaxation time,the activation enthalpy and entropy change of the dielectric relaxation were calculated. The results obtained were discussed and correlated to the internal network structure of the glasses studied.

  16. Luminescent borate glass for efficiency enhancement of CdTe solar cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rare-earth (RE) doped borate glasses are investigated for their potential as photon down-shifting cover glass for CdTe solar cells. The barium borate base glass is doped with trivalent rare-earth ions such as Sm3+, Eu3+, and Tb3+ showing an intense luminescence in the red (Sm3+, Eu3+) and green (Tb3+) spectral range upon excitation in the ultraviolet and blue. Additionally, the glasses are double-doped with two RE ions for a broad-band absorption. The gain in short-circuit current density of CdTe solar cells with different thicknesses of the CdS buffer layer is calculated. Though the single-doped glasses already reveal a slight increase in short-circuit current density, the double-doped glasses allow for higher efficiency gains since a significant broader spectral range is covered for absorption. For a Tb3+/Eu3+ double-doped glass with a RE doping level of 1 at% each, an efficiency increase of 1.32% can be achieved. - Highlights: • Rare-earth doped front glass for high efficiency CdTe solar cells were prepared. • Double-doping allows for higher efficiency gains than single-doping. • Efficiency enhancement of 1.32% can be achieved with Tb3+/Eu3+ doped front glass

  17. Luminescent borate glass for efficiency enhancement of CdTe solar cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Steudel, Franziska, E-mail: franziska.steudel@iwmh.fraunhofer.de [Fraunhofer Application Center for Inorganic Phosphors, Branch Lab of Fraunhofer Institute for Mechanics of Materials IWM, Lübecker Ring 2, 59494 Soest (Germany); Loos, Sebastian [Department of Electrical Engineering, South Westphalia University of Applied Sciences, Lübecker Ring 2, 59494 Soest (Germany); Ahrens, Bernd; Schweizer, Stefan [Fraunhofer Application Center for Inorganic Phosphors, Branch Lab of Fraunhofer Institute for Mechanics of Materials IWM, Lübecker Ring 2, 59494 Soest (Germany); Department of Electrical Engineering, South Westphalia University of Applied Sciences, Lübecker Ring 2, 59494 Soest (Germany)

    2015-08-15

    Rare-earth (RE) doped borate glasses are investigated for their potential as photon down-shifting cover glass for CdTe solar cells. The barium borate base glass is doped with trivalent rare-earth ions such as Sm{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 3+}, and Tb{sup 3+} showing an intense luminescence in the red (Sm{sup 3+}, Eu{sup 3+}) and green (Tb{sup 3+}) spectral range upon excitation in the ultraviolet and blue. Additionally, the glasses are double-doped with two RE ions for a broad-band absorption. The gain in short-circuit current density of CdTe solar cells with different thicknesses of the CdS buffer layer is calculated. Though the single-doped glasses already reveal a slight increase in short-circuit current density, the double-doped glasses allow for higher efficiency gains since a significant broader spectral range is covered for absorption. For a Tb{sup 3+}/Eu{sup 3+} double-doped glass with a RE doping level of 1 at% each, an efficiency increase of 1.32% can be achieved. - Highlights: • Rare-earth doped front glass for high efficiency CdTe solar cells were prepared. • Double-doping allows for higher efficiency gains than single-doping. • Efficiency enhancement of 1.32% can be achieved with Tb{sup 3+}/Eu{sup 3+} doped front glass.

  18. Influence of modifier oxides on some physical properties of antimony borate glass system doped with V2O5

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Three series of glasses, of the composition 20 MO (M = Ca, Pb, Zn)-40 Sb2O3-(40 - x) B2O3:xV2O5, with six values of x ranging from 0 to 1 mol% were prepared. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, EDS and differential scanning calorimetric techniques. The comparison of DSC data among the three series has indicated high glass forming ability for ZnO mixed glasses. Dielectric properties over a range of frequency and temperature, optical absorption, ESR spectra at room temperature and IR spectra have been investigated. The variations observed in all these properties due to different modifiers as a function of the concentration of V2O5 have been analyzed in the light of different oxidation states and environment of vanadyl ions in these glasses. The analysis of these results indicated that the ZnO mixed glasses are more stable against devetrification and possess high insulating strength when compared with PbO and CaO mixed glasses.

  19. Towards modeling gadolinium-lead-borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Infrared spectra of gadolinium-lead-borate glasses of the xGd2O3.(100 - x)[3B2O3.PbO] system, where x = 0, 5, 10, 15, 25, 35 and 50 mol.%, have been recorded to explore the role of content of gadolinium ions behaving as glass modifier. The FTIR spectroscopy data for the xGd2O3.(1 - x)[3B2O3.PbO] glasses show the structural role of lead ions as a network-formers and of the gadolinium ions network modifiers. Adding of the rare earth ion up to 35 mol.% into the glass matrix, the IR bands characteristic to the studied glasses become sharper and more pronounced. Structural changes, as recognized by analyzing band shapes of IR spectra, revealed that Gd2O3 causes a change from the continuous borate network to the continuous lead-borate network interconnected through Pb-O-B and B-O-B bridges and the transformation of some tetrahedral [BO4] units into trigonal [BO3] units. Then, gadolinium ions have affinity towards [BO3] structural units which contain non-bridging oxygens necessary for the charge compensation because the more electronegative [BO3] structural units were implied in the formation of B-O-Gd bonds and the transformation of glass network into a glass ceramic. We propose a possible structural model of building blocks for the formation of continuous random 3B2O3.PbO network glass used by density functional theory (DFT) calculations. DFT calculations show that lead atoms occupy three different sites in the proposed model. The first is coordinated with six oxygen atoms forming distorted octahedral geometries. The second lead atom has an octahedral oxygen environment and the five longer Pb-O bonds are considered as participating in the metal coordination scheme. The third lead atom has ionic character. In agreement with the results offered by the experimental FTIR data, the theoretical IR data confirm that our proposed structure is highly possible.

  20. Density of mixed alkali borate glasses: A structural analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doweidar, H. [Glass Research Group, Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, P.O. Box 83, Mansoura 35516 (Egypt)]. E-mail: hdoweidar@mans.edu.eg; El-Damrawi, G.M. [Glass Research Group, Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, P.O. Box 83, Mansoura 35516 (Egypt); Moustafa, Y.M. [Glass Research Group, Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, P.O. Box 83, Mansoura 35516 (Egypt); Ramadan, R.M. [Glass Research Group, Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, P.O. Box 83, Mansoura 35516 (Egypt)

    2005-05-15

    Density of mixed alkali borate glasses has been correlated with the glass structure. It is assumed that in such glasses each alkali oxide associates with a proportional quantity of B{sub 2}O{sub 3}. The number of BO{sub 3} and BO{sub 4} units related to each type of alkali oxide depends on the total concentration of alkali oxide. It is concluded that in mixed alkali borate glasses the volumes of structural units related to an alkali ion are the same as in the corresponding binary alkali borate glass. This reveals that each type of alkali oxide forms its own borate matrix and behaves as if not affected with the presence of the other alkali oxide. Similar conclusions are valid for borate glasses with three types of alkali oxide.

  1. ULTRASONIC AND HYPERSONIC BEHAVIOURS OF BORATE GLASSES

    OpenAIRE

    Carini, Giovanni; Tripodo, Gaspare; Borjesson, Lars; Zanghellini, Ezio; A BARTOLOTTA

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Comparative measurements of Brillouin light scattering and ultrasounds in (K2O)0.04(B2O3)0.96 and (Ag2O)0.14(B2O3)0.86 borate glasses as a function of temperature between 1.5 and 300 K reveal that distinct mechanisms regulate the temperature behaviours of the acoustic attenuation. In the MHz range the attenuation and the sound velocity are mainly governed by (i) quantum-mechanical tunnelling below 20 K, (ii) thermally activated relaxations between 20 and 200 K and (iii) vi...

  2. Microwave and conventional preparation of Zinc borate glass: Eu{sup 3+} ion as luminescent probe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mandal, Ashis K., E-mail: ashis@cgcri.res.in; Balaji, S., E-mail: sbalaji@cgcri.res.in; Sen, Ranjan, E-mail: rsen@cgcri.res.in

    2014-12-05

    Highlights: • IR transparent Zinc borate glass is prepared using microwave heating. • Glass transition temperature of microwave melted glass is found higher than that of glass prepared in conventional melting. • Low OH concentration in glass can be prepared in microwave heating. • We report higher reduction of Eu{sup 3+} to Eu{sup 2+} in microwave processing of Zinc borate glass. - Abstract: Transparent Zinc borate glass is melted using microwave energy as an alternative heating route to conventional resistive heating. A comparative study of the properties of the glasses prepared by both the methods is conducted by adopting X-ray diffraction (XRD), Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), UV–VIS–NIR spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, Refractive Indices (RI). Amorphous nature of samples is confirmed by X-ray diffraction study. Glass transition temperature (T{sub g}) of microwave melted glass is found ∼7–9 °C higher than that of glass prepared in conventional melting. OH content is found less than 250 ppm in microwave melted glass whereas it is above 330 ppm in conventional melted glasses. Photoluminescence study of Eu{sub 2}O{sub 3} doped glass prepared in microwave heating indicates higher reduction of Eu{sup 3+} → Eu{sup 2+} than the glass melted in conventional route. Thus, microwave processing can be an alternative energy efficient, time saving, environmental friendly glass preparation method.

  3. Microwave and conventional preparation of Zinc borate glass: Eu3+ ion as luminescent probe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • IR transparent Zinc borate glass is prepared using microwave heating. • Glass transition temperature of microwave melted glass is found higher than that of glass prepared in conventional melting. • Low OH concentration in glass can be prepared in microwave heating. • We report higher reduction of Eu3+ to Eu2+ in microwave processing of Zinc borate glass. - Abstract: Transparent Zinc borate glass is melted using microwave energy as an alternative heating route to conventional resistive heating. A comparative study of the properties of the glasses prepared by both the methods is conducted by adopting X-ray diffraction (XRD), Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), UV–VIS–NIR spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, Refractive Indices (RI). Amorphous nature of samples is confirmed by X-ray diffraction study. Glass transition temperature (Tg) of microwave melted glass is found ∼7–9 °C higher than that of glass prepared in conventional melting. OH content is found less than 250 ppm in microwave melted glass whereas it is above 330 ppm in conventional melted glasses. Photoluminescence study of Eu2O3 doped glass prepared in microwave heating indicates higher reduction of Eu3+ → Eu2+ than the glass melted in conventional route. Thus, microwave processing can be an alternative energy efficient, time saving, environmental friendly glass preparation method

  4. Mixed polaronic-ionic conduction in lithium borate glasses and glass-ceramics containing copper oxide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khalil, M. M. I.

    2007-03-01

    The effect of electric field strength on conduction in lithium borate glasses doped with CuO with different concentration was studied and the value of the jump distance of charge carrier was calculated. The conductivity measurements indicate that the conduction is due to non-adiabatic hopping of polarons and the activation energies are found to be temperature and concentration dependent. Lithium borate glasses are subjected to carefully-programmed thermal treatments which cause the nucleation and growth of crystalline phases. X-ray diffraction analysis confirmed the amorphous nature for the investigated glass sample and the formation of crystalline phase for annealed samples at 650 °C. The main separated crystalline phase is Li2B8O13. The scanning electron micrographs of some selected glasses showed a significant change in the morphology of the films investigated due to heat treatment of the glass samples. It was found that the dc-conductivity decreases with an increase of the HT temperature. The decrease of dc conductivity, with an increase of the HT temperature, can be related to the decrease in the number of free ions in the glass matrix. There is deviation from linearity at high temperature regions in the logσ-1/T plots for all investigated doped samples at a certain temperature at which the transition from polaronic to ionic conduction occurs. The hopping of small polarons is dominant at low temperatures, whereas the hopping of Li+ ions dominates at high temperatures.

  5. Mixed polaronic-ionic conduction in lithium borate glasses and glass-ceramics containing copper oxide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khalil, M.M.I. [National Center for Radiation Research and Technology, Radiation Physics Department, Cairo (Egypt)

    2007-03-15

    The effect of electric field strength on conduction in lithium borate glasses doped with CuO with different concentration was studied and the value of the jump distance of charge carrier was calculated. The conductivity measurements indicate that the conduction is due to non-adiabatic hopping of polarons and the activation energies are found to be temperature and concentration dependent. Lithium borate glasses are subjected to carefully-programmed thermal treatments which cause the nucleation and growth of crystalline phases. X-ray diffraction analysis confirmed the amorphous nature for the investigated glass sample and the formation of crystalline phase for annealed samples at 650 C. The main separated crystalline phase is Li{sub 2}B{sub 8}O{sub 13}. The scanning electron micrographs of some selected glasses showed a significant change in the morphology of the films investigated due to heat treatment of the glass samples. It was found that the dc-conductivity decreases with an increase of the HT temperature. The decrease of dc conductivity, with an increase of the HT temperature, can be related to the decrease in the number of free ions in the glass matrix. There is deviation from linearity at high temperature regions in the log{sigma}-1/T plots for all investigated doped samples at a certain temperature at which the transition from polaronic to ionic conduction occurs. The hopping of small polarons is dominant at low temperatures, whereas the hopping of Li{sup +} ions dominates at high temperatures. (orig.)

  6. Spectroscopic studies of lead halo borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sekhar, K. Chandra; Hameed, Abdul; Chary, M. Narasimha; Shareefuddin, Md.

    2015-06-01

    Glasses in the system xPbF2-(30-x) PbO-69B2O3-1CuO (x=5, 10, 15, 20, & 25 mole %) were prepared by melt quenching method and they are characterized by XRD to confirm the glassy nature. Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) studies at room temperature in the X-band frequencies and FTIR studies on prepared glass systems were reported. The non-linear variation of spin-Hamiltonian parameters with PbF2 content indicated the change in the ligand field strength around Cu2+ ions in the host glass. The ground state of Cu2+ ions in the glass is designated as dx2-y2 orbital (2B1g) while the observed symmetry around it is tetragonally distorted octahedral. The molecular orbital coefficients α2, β2 and β12 are evaluated for Cu2+ doped samples. From the FTIR studies it was observed that the glass made up of BO3 and BO4 units.

  7. Optical characterization of TCO films on borate glasses for high efficiency solar cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steudel, Franziska; Miclea, Paul-Tiberiu; Teuscher, Nico; Heilmann, Andreas; Schweizer, Stefan

    2012-06-01

    Two different transparent conductive oxides (TCO) were deposited by magnetron sputtering on borate glasses. The influence of sputtering conditions on optical, electrical and microstructural properties was much higher for indium tin oxide (ITO) than for aluminium-doped zinc oxide (AZO) films. Specific resistivity values obtained from simulation of the optical spectra are in good agreement with values obtained from four-point probe measurements.

  8. Glass forming ability of soda lime borate Liquids

    OpenAIRE

    Zheng, Qiuju; Mauro, J. C.; Smedskjær, Morten Mattrup; Potuzak, M.; Keding, Ralf; Yue, Yuanzheng

    2010-01-01

    We investigate the composition dependence of glass-forming ability (GFA) of a series of iron-containing soda lime borate liquids by substituting Na2O for B2O3. We have characterized GFA by measuring the glass stability against crystallization using a differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). The results show that the GFA decreases when substituting Na2O for B2O3. Moreover, we find that there is no direct link between the kinetic fragility and GFA for the soda lime borate series studied herein....

  9. Optimization of spectroscopic properties of ytterbium-doped laser glasses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜淳[1; 张俊洲[2; 邓佩珍[3; 黄国松[4; 毛涵芬[5; 干福熹[6

    1999-01-01

    Four laser glasses with high emission cross sections are experimentally obtained. The laser performance parameters are determined from the spectroscopic parameters of these glasses and compared with those of developing laser glasses abroad. It is shown that Yb3--doped telluorogermanate, Yb3+-doped niobosilicate glasses have the highest emission cross section and gain coefficient, the smallest minimum pumping intensity and saturation pumping intensity, and the lowest minimum fraction of excited ions. Yb3+-doped borate glass follows just behind them. These glasses have some spectroscopic advantages over laser glasses developed recently elsewhere. Yb3+-doped phosphate glass is comparable to phosphate laser glass which had high emission cross section and was developed recently by HOYA Corporation in Japan.The domestic glasses with optimum spectroscopic properties may be promising candidates for applications in high-average power and high-peak power solid state lasers, especially laser for the ne

  10. Bone bonding ability of some borate bio-glasses and their corresponding glass-ceramic derivatives

    OpenAIRE

    Fatma H. Margha; Amr M. Abdelghany

    2012-01-01

    Ternary borate glasses from the system Na2O·CaO·B2O3 together with soda-lime-borate samples containing 5 wt.% of MgO, Al2O3, SiO2 or P2O5 were prepared. The obtained glasses were converted to their glass-ceramic derivatives by controlled heat treatment. X-ray diffraction was employed to investigate the separated crystalline phases in glass-ceramics after heat treatment of the glassy samples. The glasses and corresponding glass-ceramics after immersion in water or diluted phosphate solution f...

  11. Mixed alkali effect in borate glasses - electron paramagnetic resonance and optical absorption studies in Cu sup 2 sup + doped xNa sub 2 O- (30 - x)K sub 2 O- 70B sub 2 O sub 3 glasses

    CERN Document Server

    Chakradhar, R P S; Rao, J L; Ramakrishna, J

    2003-01-01

    The mixed alkali borate glasses xNa sub 2 O-(30 - x)K sub 2 O-70B sub 2 O sub 3 (5 sup sup 2 B sub 2 sub g) and a weak band on the higher energy side at 22 115 cm sup - sup 1 corresponding to the transition ( sup 2 B sub 1 sub g -> sup 2 E sub g). With x > 5, the higher energy band disappears and the lower energy band shifts slightly to the lower energy side. By correlating the EPR and optical absorption data, the molecular orbital coefficients alpha sup 2 and beta sub 1 sup 2 are evaluated for the different glasses investigated. The values indicate that the in-plane sigma bonding is moderately covalent while the in-plane pi bonding is significantly ionic in nature; these exhibit a minimum with x = 15, showing the MAE. The theoretical values of optical basicity of the glasses have also been evaluated. From optical absorption edges, the optical bandgap energies have been calculated and are found to lie in the range 3.00-3.40 eV. The physical properties of the glasses studied have also been evaluated with respe...

  12. Optical absorption and fluorescence properties of Er3+ in sodium borate glass

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Y C Ratnakaram; J Lakshmi; R P S Chakradhar

    2005-08-01

    Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ ions in sodium borate glass have been studied. The indirect and direct optical band gaps (opt) and energy level parameters (Racah (1, 2 and 3), spin-orbit (4f) and configurational interaction ()) are evaluated. Spectral intensities for various absorption bands of Er3+ doped sodium borate glass are calculated. Using Judd–Ofelt intensity parameters (2, 4, 6), radiative transition probabilities (), branching ratios () and integrated absorption cross sections ( ) are reported for certain transitions. The radiative lifetimes (R) for different excited states are estimated. From the fluorescence spectra, the emission cross section (p) for the transition, ${}^{4}I_{13/2} \\rightarrow {}^{4}I_{15/2}$ is reported.

  13. Synthesis and studies on microhardness of alkali zinc borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The mixed alkali effect on zinc borate glasses have been reported. The glass systems of nominal composition 10Zn+xLi2O+yNa2O+80B2O3 (x = y = 0, 5, 10, 15 mol%) were prepared using standard melt quenching method. The structural, physical and mechanical properties of the samples have been studied using X-ray diffraction(XRD), density measurement and Vickers hardness measurement, respectively. A consistent increase in the density was observed, which explains the role of the modifiers (Li2O and Na2O) in the network modification of borate structure. The molar volume is decreasing linearly with the alkali concentration, which is attributed to the conversion of tetrahedral boron (BO4/2)− into (BO3/2)−. The microhardness studies reveals the anisotropy nature of the material. It further confirms that the samples belong to hard glass category

  14. Synthesis and studies on microhardness of alkali zinc borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subhashini, Bhattacharya, Soumalya; Shashikala, H. D.; Udayashankar, N. K.

    2014-04-01

    The mixed alkali effect on zinc borate glasses have been reported. The glass systems of nominal composition 10Zn+xLi2O+yNa2O+80B2O3 (x = y = 0, 5, 10, 15 mol%) were prepared using standard melt quenching method. The structural, physical and mechanical properties of the samples have been studied using X-ray diffraction(XRD), density measurement and Vickers hardness measurement, respectively. A consistent increase in the density was observed, which explains the role of the modifiers (Li2O and Na2O) in the network modification of borate structure. The molar volume is decreasing linearly with the alkali concentration, which is attributed to the conversion of tetrahedral boron (BO4/2)- into (BO3/2)-. The microhardness studies reveals the anisotropy nature of the material. It further confirms that the samples belong to hard glass category.

  15. VO2+ ions in zinc lead borate glasses studied by EPR and optical absorption techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prakash, P Giri; Rao, J Lakshmana

    2005-09-01

    Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and optical absorption spectra of vanadyl ions in zinc lead borate (ZnO-PbO-B2O3) glass system have been studied. EPR spectra of all the glass samples exhibit resonance signals characteristic of VO2+ ions. The values of spin-Hamiltonian parameters indicate that the VO2+ ions in zinc lead borate glasses were present in octahedral sites with tetragonal compression and belong to C4V symmetry. The spin-Hamiltonian parameters g and A are found to be independent of V2O5 content and temperature but changing with ZnO content. The decrease in Deltag( parallel)/Deltag( perpendicular) value with increase in ZnO content indicates that the symmetry around VO2+ ions is more octahedral. The decrease in intensity of EPR signal above 10 mol% of V2O5 is attributed to a fall in the ratio of the number of V4+ ions (N4) to the number of V5+ ions (N5). The number of spins (N) participating in resonance was calculated as a function of temperature for VO2+ doped zinc lead borate glass sample and the activation energy was calculated. From the EPR data, the paramagnetic susceptibility was calculated at various temperatures and the Curie constant was evaluated from the 1/chi-T graph. The optical absorption spectra show single absorption band due to VO2+ ions in tetragonally distorted octahedral sites. PMID:16043053

  16. Optical properties of down-shifting barium borate glass for CdTe solar cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loos, Sebastian; Steudel, Franziska; Ahrens, Bernd; Schweizer, Stefan

    2015-03-01

    CdTe thin film solar cells have a poor response in the ultraviolet and blue spectral range, mainly due to absorption and thermalization losses in the CdS buffer layer. To overcome this efficiency drop in the short wavelength range trivalent rare-earth doped barium borate glass is investigated for its potential as frequency down-shifting cover glass on top of the cell. The glass is doped with either Tb3+ or Eu3+ up to a level of 2.5 at.% leading to strong absorption in the ultraviolet/blue spectral range. Tb3+ shows intense emission bands in the green spectral range while Eu3+ emits in the orange/red spectral range. Based on rare-earth absorption and luminescence quantum efficiency the possible gain in short-circuit current density is calculated.

  17. SYNTHESIS, STRUCTURE AND SPECTRAL PROPERTIES OF POTASSIUMALUMINA- BORATE GLASS WITH NANOCRYSTALS OF MANGANESE FERRITE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. I. Sobolev

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Subject of Research.The paper presents research results of optical properties of potassium-alumina-borate glass, activated with ions of iron and manganese. The formation process of nanocrystals of manganese ferrite MnFe2O4 in potassium-alumina-borate glass host was studied. Magneto-optical characteristics were analyzed. Method. The studied glasses were synthesized by the method of charge melting in the crucible. Potassium-alumina-borate glass system was used (K2O-Al2O3-B2O3 proposed by S.A. Stepanov (Vavilov State Institute. Glass system was doped by 3 wt% of Fe2O3 and 2 wt% MnO by weight (composition 1 and 2 wt% Fe2O3 and 1 wt% MnO by weight (composition 2. The glass transition temperature was 430 °C. Segregating of the crystal phase of manganese ferrite MnFe2O4 occurred during heat treatment at 550 °C for 2 hours in a programmable muffle furnace. The absorption spectrum in the wavelength range 200-2000 nm was recorded with Perkin Elmer Lambda 650 and Varian Cary 500 spectrophotometers. The XRD patterns were obtained on Rigaku Ultima IV X-ray diffractometer by copper anode with a wavelength λ (Cu = 0.15418 nm. Magneto-optical Verde constant was measured by the angle of polarization plane rotation of the passing light through the sample when the sample is placed in magnetic field. Main Results. New technological modes of potassium-alumina-borate glass synthesis doped with ions of iron and manganese were developed and studied. It is established that during heat treatment nanocrystals of manganese ferrites are evolved with an average size of 18 nm. These glasses have a Verde constant equal to 0.9 arc.min/(cm·Oe. It is shown that obtained glasses possess high absorbance in ultra-violet and visible light spectrum. Practical Relevance. Proposed and analyzed nanoglass-ceramics could be accepted as a basis for creation of sensing environments for sensors current and magnetic field and for creation of optical isolators based on the Faraday effect.

  18. Effect of copper oxide on structure and physical properties of lithium lead borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kashif, I.; Ratep, A.

    2015-09-01

    Copper-doped Lead lithium borate glass samples with the composition of (35- x) Pb3O4- xCuO-65Li2B4O7, where x = 5, 10, 15 or 20 mol%, have been prepared by melt quenching technique. Glass-forming ability, density, electrical conductivity, magnetic susceptibility and structural properties of lead lithium borate glasses have been investigated. IR spectroscopic data show that the copper ions play the role of glass modifier. Addition of CuO influences BO3 ↔ BO4 conversion. Density is expressed in terms of the structural modifications that take place in glass matrix. The increase in Tg reflects an increase in bond strength, and samples obtain more rigid glass structure. Electrical conductivity and magnetic susceptibility χ data show a variable behavior with the increase in the copper content in two valance states Cu+ and Cu+2. In addition, optical properties depend on the change of the role of copper ions in the samples' structure. Optical energy band gap E opt and Urbach energy E tail are determined. The increase in E opt and UV cutoff with an increase in CuO content is due to the decrease in non-bridging oxygen concentration. The decrease in E tail at higher concentrations is attributed to the copper ion accumulation in the interstitial positions and to the formation of orthoborate groups. These samples are suitable for the green light longpass filters.

  19. Glass-Forming Ability of Soda Lime Borate Liquids

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zheng, Qiuju; Mauro, J.C.; Smedskjær, Morten Mattrup;

    2012-01-01

    ). The results show that the GFA decreases when substituting Na2O for B2O3. Moreover, we find that there is no direct link between the kinetic fragility and GFA for the soda lime borate series studied herein. We have also discovered and clarified a striking thermal history dependence of the glass stability...... by slowly cooling their melts to the glassy state, before any reheating. We explain this phenomenon in terms of the thermal history dependence of boron speciation....

  20. Wavelength interdependence assessment of all-optical switching in zinc borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdel-Baki, Manal; Abdel-Wahab, Fathy; El-Diasty, Fouad

    2012-08-01

    Lithium tungsten borate photonic glass is prepared by the conventional melt-quench technique. Due to semiconductor-like behavior of zinc oxide, the glass is doped by ZnO to adapt its optical nonlinearity. Fresnel-based spectrophotometric measurements and Lorentz dispersion theory are applied to study (in a very wide range of photon energy from 0.5 to 6.2 eV) the dispersion of second-order refractive index, two-photon absorption coefficient, and third-order optical susceptibility of the glass. The figure of merit (FOM) needed for optical switching applications is estimated. We reveal the importance of determining the dispersion of the optical nonlinear parameters to find out the appropriate operating wavelength for optimum FOM of the glass.

  1. Photoluminescence of a Te4+ center in zinc borate glass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masai, Hirokazu; Yamada, Yasuhiro; Okumura, Shun; Kanemitsu, Yoshihiko; Yoko, Toshinobu

    2013-10-01

    Photoluminescent (PL) properties related to Te(4+) species in zinc borate glasses are examined. Broad emission was observed by the excitation of the PL excitation peak of Te(4+) present at the optical absorption edge. The emission intensity of Te(4+) in 5TeO(2)-50ZnO-45B(2)O(3) glass was thermally quenched in a temperature region over 100 K, suggesting that concentration quenching preferentially occurred. The lifetime of the emission was approximately 2.5 μs, which is characteristic of relaxation from the triplet excitation state of an ns(2)-type center. PMID:24081051

  2. Third order nonlinear optical properties of bismuth zinc borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Third order nonlinear optical characterization of bismuth zinc borate glasses are reported here using different laser pulse durations. Bismuth zinc borate glasses with compositions xBi2O3-30ZnO-(70-x) B2O3 (where x = 30, 35, 40, and 45 mol. %) have been prepared by melt quenching method. These glasses were characterized by Raman, UV-Vis absorption, and Z scan measurements. Raman and UV-Vis spectroscopic results indicate that non-bridging oxygens increase with increase of bismuth content in the glass. Nonlinear absorption and refraction behavior in the nanosecond (ns), picosecond (ps), and femtosecond (fs) time domains were studied in detail. Strong reverse saturable absorption due to dominant two-photon absorption (TPA) was observed with both ps and fs excitations. In the case of ns pulse excitations, TPA and free-carrier absorption processes contribute for the nonlinear absorption. Two-photon absorption coefficient (β) and the absorption cross section due to free carriers (σe) are estimated by theoretical fit of the open aperture Z-scan measurements and found to be dependent on the amount of bismuth oxide in the glass composition. In both ns and fs regimes the sign and magnitude of the third order nonlinearity are evaluated, and the optical limiting characteristics are also reported

  3. Third order nonlinear optical properties of bismuth zinc borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanmugavelu, B.; Ravi Kanth Kumar, V. V.; Kuladeep, R.; Narayana Rao, D.

    2013-12-01

    Third order nonlinear optical characterization of bismuth zinc borate glasses are reported here using different laser pulse durations. Bismuth zinc borate glasses with compositions xBi2O3-30ZnO-(70-x) B2O3 (where x = 30, 35, 40, and 45 mol. %) have been prepared by melt quenching method. These glasses were characterized by Raman, UV-Vis absorption, and Z scan measurements. Raman and UV-Vis spectroscopic results indicate that non-bridging oxygens increase with increase of bismuth content in the glass. Nonlinear absorption and refraction behavior in the nanosecond (ns), picosecond (ps), and femtosecond (fs) time domains were studied in detail. Strong reverse saturable absorption due to dominant two-photon absorption (TPA) was observed with both ps and fs excitations. In the case of ns pulse excitations, TPA and free-carrier absorption processes contribute for the nonlinear absorption. Two-photon absorption coefficient (β) and the absorption cross section due to free carriers (σe) are estimated by theoretical fit of the open aperture Z-scan measurements and found to be dependent on the amount of bismuth oxide in the glass composition. In both ns and fs regimes the sign and magnitude of the third order nonlinearity are evaluated, and the optical limiting characteristics are also reported.

  4. Third order nonlinear optical properties of bismuth zinc borate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shanmugavelu, B.; Ravi Kanth Kumar, V. V., E-mail: ravi.phy@pondiuni.edu.in [Department of Physics, Pondicherry University, Puducherry 605 014 (India); Kuladeep, R.; Narayana Rao, D. [School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad 500046, Andhra Pradesh (India)

    2013-12-28

    Third order nonlinear optical characterization of bismuth zinc borate glasses are reported here using different laser pulse durations. Bismuth zinc borate glasses with compositions xBi{sub 2}O{sub 3}-30ZnO-(70-x) B{sub 2}O{sub 3} (where x = 30, 35, 40, and 45 mol. %) have been prepared by melt quenching method. These glasses were characterized by Raman, UV-Vis absorption, and Z scan measurements. Raman and UV-Vis spectroscopic results indicate that non-bridging oxygens increase with increase of bismuth content in the glass. Nonlinear absorption and refraction behavior in the nanosecond (ns), picosecond (ps), and femtosecond (fs) time domains were studied in detail. Strong reverse saturable absorption due to dominant two-photon absorption (TPA) was observed with both ps and fs excitations. In the case of ns pulse excitations, TPA and free-carrier absorption processes contribute for the nonlinear absorption. Two-photon absorption coefficient (β) and the absorption cross section due to free carriers (σ{sub e}) are estimated by theoretical fit of the open aperture Z-scan measurements and found to be dependent on the amount of bismuth oxide in the glass composition. In both ns and fs regimes the sign and magnitude of the third order nonlinearity are evaluated, and the optical limiting characteristics are also reported.

  5. Bone bonding ability of some borate bio-glasses and their corresponding glass-ceramic derivatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatma H. Margha

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Ternary borate glasses from the system Na2O·CaO·B2O3 together with soda-lime-borate samples containing 5 wt.% of MgO, Al2O3, SiO2 or P2O5 were prepared. The obtained glasses were converted to their glass-ceramic derivatives by controlled heat treatment. X-ray diffraction was employed to investigate the separated crystalline phases in glass-ceramics after heat treatment of the glassy samples. The glasses and corresponding glass-ceramics after immersion in water or diluted phosphate solution for extended times were characterized by the grain method (adopted by several authors and recommended by ASTM and Fourier-transform infrared spectra to justify the formation of hydroxyapatite as an indication of the bone bonding ability. The influence of glass composition on bioactivity potential was discussed too.

  6. Structure and Properties of Compressed Borate Glasses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smedskjær, Morten Mattrup; Bauer, U.; Behrens, H.;

    While the influence of thermal history on the structure and properties of glasses has been thoroughly studied in the past century, the influence of pressure history has received considerably less attention. In this study, we investigate the pressure-induced changes in structure and properties...

  7. Optical constants, single-oscillator modal and refractive index dispersion analysis of lithium zinc bismuth borate glasses doped with Eu3+ ions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boda, Ramesh; Srinivas, G.; Komaraiah, D.; Srinivas, B.; Shareefuddin, Md.; Sayanna, R.

    2016-05-01

    The glasses of composition xLi2O-15ZnO- 20Bi2O3- (64 - x) B2O3- 1EuO (ZLB) (where x=0, 5, 10, 15, 20 mole %) prepared by melt-quenching technique. The amorphous nature of the prepared glasses was confirmed by XRD spectra. The UV-Vis optical absorption spectrum was recorded in the wave length range of 200-1000 nm. It is observed that the optical band gap is inversely changing with Urbach energy. The optical constants such as G (a constant proportional to the second-order deformation potential) and Ef (a constant that depends on local coordination and is called as free energy of the glass system). The most significant result of the present work is the refractive index dispersion curves of the ZLB glasses obey the single-oscillator model and oscillator parameters (Eo, Ed) changed with the Li2O content. the absorption edge, band gap and Urbach energy is changing nonlinearly with increasing content of Li2O, which can be used to calculate the optical, physical, and other constants.

  8. Microwave properties of vanadium borate glasses

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R H Amnerkar; C S Adgaonkar; S S Yawale; S P Yawale

    2002-10-01

    A.c. conductivity, dielectric constant and loss, and variation with temperature (302–373 K) for four different compositions of V2O5–B2O3 glasses were reported at 9.586 GHz microwave frequency. The quality factor () and attenuation factor () being the important parameters in the microwave range of applications were also studied. The change in the dielectric constant and loss was observed with composition of V2O5. The maximum loss was found to be at 15V2O5 mol%. The peak was observed in loss with temperature.

  9. Kinetics of fluorescence properties of Eu3+ion in strontium-aluminium-bismuth-borate glasses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    M. Dhamodhara Naidu; D. Rajesh; A. Balakrishna; Y.C. Ratnakaram

    2014-01-01

    Eu3+doped strontium-aluminium-bismuth-borate glasses with the chemical composition (50–x)B2O3+20Bi2O3+7AlF3+8SrO+15SrF2+xEu2O3 (where x=0.1 mol.%, 0.5 mol.%, 1.0 mol.%and 1.5 mol.%) were prepared by the conventional melt quenching technique. Structural properties of the prepared glasses were analysed through X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and Raman spectral techniques. Thermal stability of glass was analysed by differential thermal analysis (DTA) curve. Photoluminescence characteristics were studied using excitation, emission spectra and decay curves of Eu3+doped strontium-aluminium-bismuth-borate glasses. The Judd-Ofelt (J-O) intensity parameters,Ωλ(λ=2, 4 and 6) were obtained using emission spectra and was used to identify the nature of Eu3+ions with their surrounding ligands. Using J-O parameters the tran-sition probabilities (A), stimulated emission cross-sections σEp , branching ratios (βR) and radiative lifetimes (τmeas and τcal) were evaluated for the 5D0→7FJ (J=0, 1, 2, 3 and 4) transition of Eu3+ions in the present glasses. The decay profiles were found to be non exponential for all the concentrations and the measured lifetimes (τmeas) were obtained from the decay profiles. The higher values of A,σEp ,βR and quantum efficiency (η) for 5D0→7F2 emission transition at 617 nm confirmed the present glass was as active medium for red laser emission applications.

  10. Thermal, structural and electrical studies of bismuth zinc borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanmugavelu, B.; Ravi Kanth Kumar, V. V.

    2013-06-01

    Bismuth Zinc Borate glasses with compositions xBi2O3-30ZnO-(70 - x)B2O3 (where x = 30, 35, 40 and 45 mol %) have been prepared by melt quenching method. These glasses were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer (FTIR) and Broad Band Dielectric Spectrometer (BDS). DTA and FTIR analysis reveals that Non-Bridging Oxygens (NBOs) increase with increase of bismuth content in the glass. Electrical data have been analyzed in the framework of impedance and modulus formalisms. The activation energy for dc conductivity decreases with increase of bismuth concentration. The imaginary part of modulus spectra has been fitted to non-exponential Kohlrausch-Williams-Watts (KWW) function and the value of the stretched exponent (β) is found to be almost independent of temperature but slightly dependent on composition.

  11. In vitro study of improved wound-healing effect of bioactive borate-based glass nano-/micro-fibers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Qingbo; Chen, Sisi; Shi, Honglan; Xiao, Hai; Ma, Yinfa

    2015-10-01

    Because of the promising wound-healing capability, bioactive glasses have been considered as one of the next generation hard- and soft-tissue regeneration materials. The lack of understanding of the substantial mechanisms, however, indicates the need for further study on cell-glass interactions to better interpret the rehabilitation capability. In the present work, three bioactive glass nano-/micro-fibers, silicate-based 45S5, borate-based 13-93B3 and 1605 (additionally doped with copper oxide and zinc oxide), were firstly compared for their in vitro soaking/conversion rate. The results of elemental monitoring and electron microscopic characterization demonstrated that quicker ion releasing and glass conversion occurred in borate-based fibers than that of silicate-based one. This result was also reflected by the formation speed of hydroxyapatite (HA). This process was further correlated with original boron content and surrounding rheological condition. We showed that an optimal fiber pre-soaking time (or an ideal dynamic flow rate) should exist to stimulate the best cell proliferation and migration ability. Moreover, 13-93B3 and 1605 fibers showed different glass conversion and biocompatibility properties as well, indicating that trace amount variation in composition can also influence fiber's bioactivity. In sum, our in vitro rheological module closely simulated in vivo niche environment and proved a potentially improved wound-healing effect by borate-based glass fibers, and the results shall cast light on future improvement in bioactive glass fabrication. PMID:26117744

  12. Synthesis and studies on microhardness of alkali zinc borate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Subhashini,, E-mail: subhashini.p.p@gmail.com; Bhattacharya, Soumalya, E-mail: subhashini.p.p@gmail.com; Shashikala, H. D., E-mail: subhashini.p.p@gmail.com; Udayashankar, N. K., E-mail: subhashini.p.p@gmail.com [Department of Physics, National Institute of Technology Karnataka, Surathkal-575025 (India)

    2014-04-24

    The mixed alkali effect on zinc borate glasses have been reported. The glass systems of nominal composition 10Zn+xLi{sub 2}O+yNa{sub 2}O+80B{sub 2}O{sub 3} (x = y = 0, 5, 10, 15 mol%) were prepared using standard melt quenching method. The structural, physical and mechanical properties of the samples have been studied using X-ray diffraction(XRD), density measurement and Vickers hardness measurement, respectively. A consistent increase in the density was observed, which explains the role of the modifiers (Li{sub 2}O and Na{sub 2}O) in the network modification of borate structure. The molar volume is decreasing linearly with the alkali concentration, which is attributed to the conversion of tetrahedral boron (BO{sub 4/2}){sup −} into (BO{sub 3/2}){sup −}. The microhardness studies reveals the anisotropy nature of the material. It further confirms that the samples belong to hard glass category.

  13. Preparation of photoluminescent PMMA doped with tris(pyrazol-1-yl)borate lanthanide complexes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bortoluzzi, Marco, E-mail: markos@unive.it [Dipartimento di Scienze Molecolari e Nanosistemi, Universita Ca' Foscari di Venezia, Dorsoduro 2137, 30123 Venezia (Italy); Paolucci, Gino, E-mail: paolucci@unive.it [Dipartimento di Scienze Molecolari e Nanosistemi, Universita Ca' Foscari di Venezia, Dorsoduro 2137, 30123 Venezia (Italy); Gatto, Mattia; Roppa, Stefania [Dipartimento di Scienze Molecolari e Nanosistemi, Universita Ca' Foscari di Venezia, Dorsoduro 2137, 30123 Venezia (Italy); Enrichi, Francesco [CIVEN, Coordinamento Interuniversitario Veneto per le Nanotecnologie, Via delle Industrie 5, 30175 Marghera (Venezia) (Italy); Ciorba, Serena; Richards, Bryce S. [School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, EH14 4AS (United Kingdom)

    2012-09-15

    The neutral homoleptic Ln(III) complex Ln(Tp){sub 3} (Ln=Sm, Eu, Tb, Yb; Tp=hydrotris(pyrazol-1-yl)borate) were used as dopants for the preparation of novel photoluminescent poly(methyl methacrylate) glasses indicated as Ln(Tp){sub 3}-PMMA. The doped polymers containing samarium, europium and terbium derivatives showed emission associated to f-f transitions in the visible range upon excitation with UV light, while a NIR emission was obtained from Yb(Tp){sub 3}-PMMA. The maximum incident wavelength able to induce emissions from the Ln(Tp){sub 3}-doped polymers depends upon the choice of the lanthanide ion. No meaningful antenna-effect was instead observed using dysprosium as metal centre. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Polymers doped with photoluminescent lanthanide complexes. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Hydrotris(pyrazol-1-yl)borate (Tp) as antenna-ligand for Sm(III), Eu(III), Tb(III) and Yb(III). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Emission associated to f-f transitions upon excitation with UV light. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer No antenna-effect for dysprosium derivative. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Photoluminescence excitation spectra are dependent upon the lanthanide ion.

  14. Fullerene-doped porous glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joshi, M. P.; Kukreja, L. M.; Rustagi, K. C.

    We report the doping of C60 in porous glass by diffusion in solution phase at room temperature. The presence of C60 in the doped porous glass was confirmed spectroscopically. We also report the changes in optical absorption spectrum and intensity-dependent transmission of 30 ns laser pulses at 527 nm in these materials.

  15. Fullerene-doped porous glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joshi, M.P. [Center for Adv. Technol., Indore (India). Nonlinear Optics Group; Kukreja, L.M. [Center for Adv. Technol., Indore (India). Nonlinear Optics Group; Rustagi, K.C. [Center for Adv. Technol., Indore (India). Nonlinear Optics Group

    1997-07-01

    We report the doping of C{sub 60} in porous glass by diffusion in solution phase at room temperature. The presence of C{sub 60} in the doped porous glass was confirmed spectroscopically. We also report the changes in optical absorption spectrum and intensity-dependent transmission of 30 ns laser pulses at 527 nm in these materials. (orig.)

  16. Interaction of lead-borate glass with aluminium and iron-nickel alloys

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Interaction of aluminium (AMG-6) and iron-nickel (47ND) alloys with lead-borate glass of PbO-73, BeO3-12, ZnO-10, Al2O3-3, SiO2-2 (mas. %) composition is investigated. It is determined that components of both soldered alloys interact actively with lead-borate glass melt that allows to obtain strong cohesion of glass with AMG-6 and 47ND metal alloys

  17. Mixed alkali effect on the spectroscopic properties of alkali-alkaline earth oxide borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srinivas, G.; Ramesh, B.; Shareefuddin, Md.; Chary, M. N.; Sayanna, R.

    2016-05-01

    The mixed alkali and alkaline earth oxide borate glass with the composition xK2O - (25-x) Li2O-12.5BaO-12.5MgO-50B2O3 (x = 0, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25mol %) and doped with 1mol% CuO were prepared by the melt quenching technique. From the optical absorption spectra the optical band gap, electronic polarizability(α02-), interaction parameter (A), theoretical and experimental optical basicity (Λ) values were evaluated. From the Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) spectral data the number of spins (N) and susceptibility (χ) were evaluated. The values of (α02-), and (Λ) increases with increasing of K2O content and electronic polarizability and interaction parameter show opposite behaviuor which may be due to the creation of non-bridging oxygens and expansion of borate network. The reciprocal of susceptibility (1/χ) and spin concentration (N) as a function of K2O content, varied nonlinearly which may be due to creation of non-bridging oxygens in the present glass system. This may be attributed to mixed alkali effect (MAE).

  18. Transition and post-transition metal ions in borate glasses: Borate ligand speciation, cluster formation, and their effect on glass transition and mechanical properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Möncke, D.; Kamitsos, E. I.; Palles, D.; Limbach, R.; Winterstein-Beckmann, A.; Honma, T.; Yao, Z.; Rouxel, T.; Wondraczek, L.

    2016-09-01

    A series of transition and post-transition metal ion (Mn, Cu, Zn, Pb, Bi) binary borate glasses was studied with special consideration of the cations impact on the borate structure, the cations cross-linking capacity, and more generally, structure-property correlations. Infrared (IR) and Raman spectroscopies were used for the structural characterization. These complementary techniques are sensitive to the short-range order as in the differentiation of tetrahedral and trigonal borate units or regarding the number of non-bridging oxygen ions per unit. Moreover, vibrational spectroscopy is also sensitive to the intermediate-range order and to the presence of superstructural units, such as rings and chains, or the combination of rings. In order to clarify band assignments for the various borate entities, examples are given from pure vitreous B2O3 to meta-, pyro-, ortho-, and even overmodified borate glass compositions. For binary metaborate glasses, the impact of the modifier cation on the borate speciation is shown. High field strength cations such as Zn2+ enhance the disproportionation of metaborate to polyborate and pyroborate units. Pb2+ and Bi3+ induce cluster formation, resulting in PbOn- and BiOn-pseudophases. Both lead and bismuth borate glasses show also a tendency to stabilize very large superstructural units in the form of diborate polyanions. Far-IR spectra reflect on the bonding states of modifier cations in glasses. The frequency of the measured cation-site vibration band was used to obtain the average force constant for the metal-oxygen bonding, FM-O. A linear correlation between glass transition temperature (Tg) and FM-O was shown for the metaborate glass series. The mechanical properties of the glasses also correlate with the force constant FM-O, though for cations of similar force constant the fraction of tetrahedral borate units (N4) strongly affects the thermal and mechanical properties. For paramagnetic Cu- and Mn-borate glasses, N4 was determined

  19. Effect of CeO2 addition on electrical and optical properties of lithium borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rare earth (RE) ions play an important role in modern technology as an active ion in many optical materials. RE-doped glasses were used in many optical devices because of abundant number of the absorption and emission bands arising from the transitions between the RE elements energy levels. Among all rare earth, glasses containing CeO2 are extensively studied for scintillating applications. Radiation length of CeO2 containing lithium silicate glasses decreases and absorption edge in transmittance shift towards longer wavelength. In the present study an attempt has been made to verify similar results in borate containing glasses. Therefore glass series 15Li2O-xCeO2-(85''x)B2O3 where x= 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1 mol% was prepared by conventional melt quench technique. Their electrical and optical properties have been investigated. It is observed that the conductivity of these glasses decreases while density, glass transition temperature and refractive index increases with the addition of CeO2. The conductivity of the glasses is mostly controlled by the activation energy. Since the lithium fraction in the present series is kept constant, the decrease in conductivity for glasses may be attributed to the reduction in the number of available vacant sites for the mobile lithium ions when boron is substituted with CeO2. The radiation length was determined using density values and it was found to decrease with the addition of CeO2. The absorption coefficient a were determined near the absorption edge of different photon energy for all glass samples and plot of (αhν)1/2 Vs. hν (Tauc's plot) is shown. It is observed that the optical band gap energy (EgOpt) decreases with the addition of CeO2

  20. Zinc containing borate glasses and glass-ceramics: Search for biomedical applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amr M. Abdelghany

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Ternary soda lime borate glass and samples with ZnO replacing CaO up to 10 mol% were prepared and studied for their bone bonding ability. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR absorption spectra of the prepared glasses before and after immersion in simulated body fluid (SBF, for one or two weeks, showed the appearance of calcium phosphate (hydroxyapatite (HA which is an indication of bone bonding ability. X-ray diffraction patterns were measured for the glasses and indicated the presence of small peaks related to hydroxyapatite in the samples immersed in SBF. The glasses were heat treated with controlled two-step regime to convert them to their corresponding glass-ceramic derivatives. FTIR and X-ray diffraction measurements of the glass-ceramic samples (before and after immersion in SBF confirmed the appearance of HA which is influenced by ZnO content. The overall data are explained on the basis of current views about the corrosion behaviour of borate glasses including hydrolysis and direct dissolution mechanism.

  1. Effect of V2O5 on the dc conductivity of sodium bismuth borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Transition metal doped quaternary glass system with composition 20Na2O-30Bi2O3-(50- x)B2O3-xV2O5 (where x = 0, 0.2, 0.3, 0.5, 2.0 mol%) has been prepared by normal melt-quench technique using analytical grade Na2CO3, Bi2O3, H3BO3, V2O5 chemicals. The main objective of present study is to investigate the effect of transition metal oxide on the conductivity mechanism of ternary alkali bismuth borate glasses. Density (D) and molar volume (VM) of each glass sample was calculated using Archimedes method. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements were carried out at a heating rate of 10K/min for the determination of glass transition temperature Tg using Q10 DSC (TA Instruments). The values of dc conductivity and activation energy for conductivity and relaxation time have been calculated for all samples using sample dimensions. (author)

  2. In vitro study of improved wound-healing effect of bioactive borate-based glass nano-/micro-fibers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Qingbo [Department of Chemistry, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO 65409 (United States); Center for Biomedical Science and Engineering (CBSE), Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO 65409 (United States); Center for Single Nanoparticle, Single Cell and Single Molecule Monitoring (CS3M), Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO 65409 (United States); Chen, Sisi [Department of Chemistry, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO 65409 (United States); Center for Biomedical Science and Engineering (CBSE), Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO 65409 (United States); Shi, Honglan [Department of Chemistry, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO 65409 (United States); Center for Biomedical Science and Engineering (CBSE), Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO 65409 (United States); Center for Single Nanoparticle, Single Cell and Single Molecule Monitoring (CS3M), Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO 65409 (United States); Xiao, Hai [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634 (United States); Ma, Yinfa, E-mail: yinfa@mst.edu [Department of Chemistry, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO 65409 (United States); Center for Biomedical Science and Engineering (CBSE), Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO 65409 (United States); Center for Single Nanoparticle, Single Cell and Single Molecule Monitoring (CS3M), Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO 65409 (United States)

    2015-10-01

    Because of the promising wound-healing capability, bioactive glasses have been considered as one of the next generation hard- and soft-tissue regeneration materials. The lack of understanding of the substantial mechanisms, however, indicates the need for further study on cell–glass interactions to better interpret the rehabilitation capability. In the present work, three bioactive glass nano-/micro-fibers, silicate-based 45S5, borate-based 13-93B3 and 1605 (additionally doped with copper oxide and zinc oxide), were firstly compared for their in vitro soaking/conversion rate. The results of elemental monitoring and electron microscopic characterization demonstrated that quicker ion releasing and glass conversion occurred in borate-based fibers than that of silicate-based one. This result was also reflected by the formation speed of hydroxyapatite (HA). This process was further correlated with original boron content and surrounding rheological condition. We showed that an optimal fiber pre-soaking time (or an ideal dynamic flow rate) should exist to stimulate the best cell proliferation and migration ability. Moreover, 13-93B3 and 1605 fibers showed different glass conversion and biocompatibility properties as well, indicating that trace amount variation in composition can also influence fiber's bioactivity. In sum, our in vitro rheological module closely simulated in vivo niche environment and proved a potentially improved wound-healing effect by borate-based glass fibers, and the results shall cast light on future improvement in bioactive glass fabrication. - Highlights: • Bioactive glass nano-/micro-materials were effectively used for tissue wound healing. • The wound-healing effects of silicate-based 45S5, borate-based 13-93B3 and 1605 fibers were investigated. • Glass conversion rates were compared under either static or dynamic-flow modes. • Glass compositions and flow rates greatly influenced bioactivity and cell migration. • These results can

  3. In vitro study of improved wound-healing effect of bioactive borate-based glass nano-/micro-fibers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Because of the promising wound-healing capability, bioactive glasses have been considered as one of the next generation hard- and soft-tissue regeneration materials. The lack of understanding of the substantial mechanisms, however, indicates the need for further study on cell–glass interactions to better interpret the rehabilitation capability. In the present work, three bioactive glass nano-/micro-fibers, silicate-based 45S5, borate-based 13-93B3 and 1605 (additionally doped with copper oxide and zinc oxide), were firstly compared for their in vitro soaking/conversion rate. The results of elemental monitoring and electron microscopic characterization demonstrated that quicker ion releasing and glass conversion occurred in borate-based fibers than that of silicate-based one. This result was also reflected by the formation speed of hydroxyapatite (HA). This process was further correlated with original boron content and surrounding rheological condition. We showed that an optimal fiber pre-soaking time (or an ideal dynamic flow rate) should exist to stimulate the best cell proliferation and migration ability. Moreover, 13-93B3 and 1605 fibers showed different glass conversion and biocompatibility properties as well, indicating that trace amount variation in composition can also influence fiber's bioactivity. In sum, our in vitro rheological module closely simulated in vivo niche environment and proved a potentially improved wound-healing effect by borate-based glass fibers, and the results shall cast light on future improvement in bioactive glass fabrication. - Highlights: • Bioactive glass nano-/micro-materials were effectively used for tissue wound healing. • The wound-healing effects of silicate-based 45S5, borate-based 13-93B3 and 1605 fibers were investigated. • Glass conversion rates were compared under either static or dynamic-flow modes. • Glass compositions and flow rates greatly influenced bioactivity and cell migration. • These results can

  4. Moessbauer spectroscopic study of the thermal neutron irradiated potassium borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moessbauer study was performed for thermal neutron irradiated potassium borate glasses containing 7 mol % of ferric oxide. The alkali contents of the glasses were changed from 10 to 40 mol %. The decrease of isomer shift was observed by the irradiation of the glasses when the alkali content was higher than 20 mol %. The increase of the quadrupole splitting was also observed in the low alkali content region. These results were discussed in connection with the nuclear reaction of 10B(n,α)7Li and the network structure of the borate glasses. (author)

  5. Antiquenching effect of modifying cations on samarium clustering: Physical, structural and luminescent behavior of heavy metal borate glass systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaur, Simranpreet; Kaur, Parvinder; Pal Singh, Gurinder; Kumar, Sunil; Singh, D. P.

    2015-09-01

    In this paper an attempt has been made to correlate the structural modifications and luminescence efficiencies by changing the environment of the glass network by modifying oxides. Sm3+ doped lead borate (SPB) and lead cadmium alumino borate (SCPB) glasses have been fabricated by melt quench technique at high temperature. The glass samples are characterized by XRD, FTIR, optical absorptions, fluorescence and density measurements. The effect of Sm3+ ion and glass host interaction on the emission spectra has been discussed in the view of the ionicity and covalency of hosts. The ratio of the intensities of electric to magnetic dipole emissions are calculated by varying both the concentration of the Sm3+ ion and the composition of the glass matrix. The XRD profile of all the glasses confirms their amorphous nature and FTIR spectrum shows the presence of BO3 and BO4 groups. These glasses have shown strong absorption bands in the visible (VIS and NIR) region and emit strong orange red wavelengths when excited by ultraviolet light. The concentration quenching has been noticed and ascribed to energy transfer through cross-relaxation between Sm3+ ions. Shifting of UV absorption edge towards longer wavelength with addition of Sm2O3 concentration has been observed. Incorporation of Al2O3 and CdO in 2nd glass system is responsible for strong effect on luminescence of the present glass system. Based on these results, an attempt has been made to throw some light on the relationship between the structural modifications and luminescence efficiencies in two different glass hosts as a laser active medium in the visible region. Moreover the optical basicity values were theoretically determined along with covalent behavior of two glass systems.

  6. Ion-conductivity of thin film Li-Borate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abouzari, M.R.S.

    2007-12-17

    In this thesis, the specific conductivity of ion-sputtered lithium borate thin films is studied. To this end, lithium borate glasses of the composition yLi{sub 2}O.(1-y)B{sub 2}O{sub 3} with y=0.15, 0.20, 0.25, and 0.35 were produced as sputter targets. Films with thicknesses between 7 nm and 700 nm are deposited on silicon substrate between two AlLi electrodes. Conductivity spectra have been taken over a frequency range of 5 Hz to 2 MHz. The measurements were performed at different temperatures between 40 C and 350 C depending on the thickness and the composition of the films. The following results are derived by studying the conductivities of the films: i) The specific dc conductivity of layers with thicknesses larger than 150 nm is independent of their thicknesses; we call these layers 'thick films' and consider their conductivity as the 'base conductivity'. ii) The specific dc conductivity of layers with thicknesses smaller than 150 nm, called 'thin films', depends on the layer thickness. A nontrivial enhancement of the specific dc conductivity about three orders of magnitude for y=0.15, 0.2, and 0.25 is observed. iii) The base conductivity depends on y and at 120 C it varies between 4 x 10{sup -10} {omega}{sup -1}cm{sup -1} and 2.5 x 10{sup -6} {omega}{sup -1}cm{sup -1} when y varies between 0.15 and 0.35, whereas the maximum value of the specific dc conductivity of extremely thin films (with a thickness of some nanometre) seems to be independent of y and equals to the specific dc conductivity of layers with y= 0.35. Furthermore, we found in this work a physical interpretation of the so-called 'Constant Phase Element' (CPE) which is widely used in equivalent circuits for ionic conductors. This element describes correctly the depressed impedance semicircles observed in impedance spectroscopy. So far, this effect is sometimes attributed to the surface roughness. We have shown not only the invalidity of this approach, but

  7. Structural and optical characteristics of Eu3+ ions in sodium-lead-zinc-lithium-borate glass system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajagukguk, J.; Kaewkhao, J.; Djamal, M.; Hidayat, R.; Suprijadi; Ruangtaweep, Y.

    2016-10-01

    Structural and optical properties of Eu3+-doped sodium-lead-zinc-lithium-borate glasses (65-x)B2O3sbnd 15Na2Osbnd 10PbOsbnd 5ZnOsbnd 5Li2Osbnd xEu2O3 (where x = 0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 and 4.0) have been measured and analyzed by varying the Eu3+ ion concentrations. The physical parameters such as polaron radius, field strength and inter nuclear distance have been determined from measurements of densities and refractive indices. The structural properties of the prepared borate glasses were analyzed based on X-ray diffraction (XRD) and FTIR instruments. The diffraction spectra show no characteristic peaks in these glasses, which indicates the amorphous nature of the glasses. The infrared spectrum of the Eu3+-doped sodium-lead-zinc-lithium-borate glass systems show three disparate regions for active absorption band around 830-860 cm-1, 1020-1040 cm-1 and 1170-1180 cm-1. The electronic transitions in the UV-vis and NIR regions are assigned to the 7F0 → 5D4, 7F0 → 5G2, 7F0 → 5L6, 7F0 → 5D3, 7F0 → 5D2, 7F0 → 5D1, 7F0 → 5D07F1 → 5D07F0 → 7F6 and 7F1 → 7F6 levels centered at 362 nm, 380 nm, 395 nm, 414 nm, 465 nm, 533 nm, 583 nm, 590 nm 2092 nm and 2202 nm respectively. Five transition bands of luminescence spectra have been observed by using an excited wavelength of 395 nm. The luminescence intensity ratio (R) of 5D0 → 7F2 (electric dipole) transition to 5D0 → 7F1 (magnetic dipole) transition has been determined to obtain the strength of the covalent/ionic bond between the Eu3+ ions and the surrounding ligands. Radiative life time and emission color of the glasses were estimated and compared with other literature data by varying Eu3+ concentrations. The experimental lifetime of the 5D0 level was found to increase with increasing Eu3+ ion content, suggesting higher non-radiative energy transfer among Eu3+ ions in the glasses.

  8. Investigation of luminescence and spectroscopic properties of Nd3+ions in cadmium alkali borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohan, Shaweta; Thind, Kulwant Singh

    2016-07-01

    Neodymium doped cadmium alkali borate glasses having composition 20CdOsbnd 20R2Osbnd 59.5H3BO3sbnd 0.5Nd2O3; (R = Li, Na and K) were prepared by conventional melt-quenching technique. The amorphous nature of the glasses was confirmed by X-ray diffraction studies. The physical properties such as density, refractive index, molar volume, rare earth ion concentration etc. were determined. Optical absorption and fluorescence spectra were recorded. The Judd-Ofelt theory was applied on the optical absorption spectra of the glasses to evaluate the three phenomenological intensity parameters Ω2, Ω4 and Ω6. These parameters were in turn used to predict the radiative properties such as the radiative transition probability (A), radiative lifetime (τR) and branching ratio (βR) for the fluorescent levels of Nd3+ ion in the present glass series. The lasing efficiency of the prepared glasses has been characterized by the spectroscopic quality factor (Ω4/Ω6), the value of which is in the range of 0.2-1.5, typical for Nd3+ in different laser hosts. The variation of Ω2 with the change in alkali oxide has been attributed to the changes in the asymmetry of the ligand field at the rare earth ion site. The shift of the hypersensitive bands, study of the oscillator strengths and the variation of the spectral profile of the transition 4I9/2 → 4F7/2 + 4S3/2 indicate a maximum covalency of Ndsbnd O bond for glass with potassium ions. From the fluorescence spectra, peak wavelength (λp), effective line widths (Δλeff) and stimulated emission cross-section (σp) have been obtained for the three transitions 4F3/2 → 4I9/2,4F3/2 → 4I11/2 and4F3/2 → 4I13/2 of Nd3+ ion. The relatively high values of σp obtained for Nd3+ in present glass system suggest that these materials can be considered as suitable candidates for laser applications. The glass with potassium ions shows the highest value of the stimulated emission cross-section.

  9. Study of the microstructural transformations of borate glass and barium metaborate crystals induced by femtosecond laser

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Bin; Yu Bing-Kun; Yan Xiao-Na; Qiu Jian-Rong; Jiang Xiong-Wei; Zhu Cong-Shan

    2004-01-01

    This paper describes the microstructural transformations of borate glass and barium metaborate crystals induced by femtosecond laser. Such structural transformations were verified by Raman spectroscopy. The borate glass is transformed into low temperature (LT) phase of barium metaborate (BaB2O4) crystals after being irradiated for 10 min by a femtosecond laser. In addition, after 20 min of irradiation, high temperature (HT) phase of BaB2O4 crystals is also produced. Further studies demonstrate that LT phase BaB2O4 crystals are formed in the HT phase BaB2O4 crystals after femtosecond laser irradiation for 10 s.

  10. Corrosion mechanism and bioactivity of borate glasses analogue to Hench’s bioglass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mona A. Ouis

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Bioactive borate glasses (from the system Na2O-CaO-B2O3-P2O5 and corresponding glass-ceramics as a new class of scaffold material were prepared by full replacement of SiO2 with B2O3 in Hench patented bioactive glass. The prepared samples were investigated by differential thermal analysis (DTA, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD analysis. The DTA data were used to find out the proper heat treatment temperatures for preparation of the appropriate glass-ceramics with high crystallinity. The prepared crystalline glass-ceramics derivatives were examined by XRD to identify the crystalline phases that were precipitated during controlled thermal treatment. The FTIR spectroscopy was used to justify the formation of hydroxyapatite as an indication of the bioactivity potential or activity of the studied ternary borate glasses or corresponding glass-ceramics after immersion in aqueous phosphate solution. The corrosion results are interpreted on the basis of suggested recent views on the corrosion mechanism of such modified borate glasses in relation to their composition and constitution.

  11. Study of structural, electrical, and dielectric properties of phosphate-borate glasses and glass-ceramics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melo, B. M. G.; Graça, M. P. F.; Prezas, P. R.; Valente, M. A.; Almeida, A. F.; Freire, F. N. A.; Bih, L.

    2016-08-01

    In this work, phosphate-borate based glasses with molar composition 20.7P2O5-17.2Nb2O5-13.8WO3-34.5A2O-13.8B2O3, where A = Li, Na, and K, were prepared by the melt quenching technique. The as-prepared glasses were heat-treated in air at 800 °C for 4 h, which led to the formation of glass-ceramics. These high chemical and thermal stability glasses are good candidates for several applications such as fast ionic conductors, semiconductors, photonic materials, electrolytes, hermetic seals, rare-earth ion host solid lasers, and biomedical materials. The present work endorses the analysis of the electrical conductivity of the as-grown samples, and also the electrical, dielectric, and structural changes established by the heat-treatment process. The structure of the samples was analyzed using X-Ray powder Diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, and density measurements. Both XRD and Raman analysis confirmed crystals formation through the heat-treatment process. The electrical ac and dc conductivities, σac and σdc, respectively, and impedance spectroscopy measurements as function of the temperature, varying from 200 to 380 K, were investigated for the as-grown and heat-treated samples. The impedance spectroscopy was measured in the frequency range of 100 Hz-1 MHz.

  12. Evaluation of borate bioactive glass scaffolds with different pore sizes in a rat subcutaneous implantation model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deliormanli, Aylin M; Liu, Xin; Rahaman, Mohamed N

    2014-01-01

    Borate bioactive glass has been shown to convert faster and more completely to hydroxyapatite and enhance new bone formation in vivo when compared to silicate bioactive glass (such as 45S5 and 13-93 bioactive glass). In this work, the effects of the borate glass microstructure on its conversion to hydroxyapatite (HA) in vitro and its ability to support tissue ingrowth in a rat subcutaneous implantation model were investigated. Bioactive borate glass scaffolds, designated 13-93B3, with a grid-like microstructure and pore widths of 300, 600, and 900 µm were prepared by a robocasting technique. The scaffolds were implanted subcutaneously for 4 weeks in Sprague Dawley rats. Silicate 13-93 glass scaffolds with the same microstructure were used as the control. The conversion of the scaffolds to HA was studied as a function of immersion time in a simulated body fluid. Histology and scanning electron microscopy were used to evaluate conversion of the bioactive glass implants to hydroxyapatite, as well as tissue ingrowth and blood vessel formation in the implants. The pore size of the scaffolds was found to have little effect on tissue infiltration and angiogenesis after the 4-week implantation.

  13. Thermal and structural properties of Nd2O3-doped calcium boroaluminate glasses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JDM Dias; GHA Melo; TA Lodi; JO Carvalho; PF Faanha Filho; MJ Barboza; A Steimacher; F Pedrochi

    2016-01-01

    Nd3+ doped CaO-Al2O-B2O3-CaF2 glasses were prepared by conventional melt-quenching technique, and their structural and thermal properties were studied. The amorphous nature of these samples was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The measured density showed an increase with Nd2O3 doping, at the expense of CaO. Raman spectra presented changes with addition of Nd2O3, which indicated that the network structure of the glasses studied presented various borate groups, such as tetraborates, metaborates, ortho-borates and pyroborates units. The N4 values calculated from FTIR spectra revealed that incorporation of Nd2O3 into glass network converted the structural units from BO4 to BO3. From the analysis of DTA curves, we verified thatTg increased with the addition of Nd2O3; it was similar to the behavior caused by modifier oxides in the structure of borate glasses. Besides that, the calculated glass stabilityTx–Tg for doped samples presented a decrease if compared to the undoped glass. Specific heat and thermal conductivity did not present significant changes with Nd2O3 concentration, up to 2.30 mol.%. The results of density, DTA, Raman and FTIR reinforced the idea that Nd2O3 acted as network modifier.

  14. High electric field and switching phenomena in some borate and vanadate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study of conduction mechanism, high-field characteristics and switching phenomena of borate and vanadate glasses have been extended to high electric fields of the order of 5.7·104 V cm-1 or higher (beyond the ohmic region), when memory switching phenomena are observed in thin blown films of ZnO-B2O3 and in thicker BaO-V2O5 glasses. Typical voltage-current characteristics are given and explained

  15. Ce3+/Tb3+ Doped Alkaline-Earth Borate Glasses Employed in Enhanced Solar Cells%增强型太阳能电池用Ce3+/Tb3+掺杂碱土硼酸盐玻璃

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨朋; 赵昕; 王志强; 林海

    2015-01-01

    Ce3+ and Tb3+ doped alkaline earth borate (LKZBSB) glasses and the photoluminescence properties of glass system have been fabricated and investigated ,and the observed violet and green fluorescences are originated from Ce3+ and Tb3+ emit-ting centers ,respectively .Four emission bands peaked at 487 ,543 ,586 and 621 nm are attributed to the emission transitions 5 D4 → 7 F6 ,5 D4 → 7 F5 ,5 D4 → 7 F4 and 5 D4 → 7 F3 of Tb3+ ,respectively ,and consists of a broad emission band peaking at 389 nm attributed to 5 d→4 f electric dipole allowed transition of Ce3+ .With the introduction of Ce3+ ,the effective excitation wavelength range of Tb3+ in LKZBSB glasses are remarkably expanded ,and the enhanced factor of green fluorescence of Tb3+ in Ce3+ /Tb3+co-doped LKZBSB glasses is up to 73 times in medium-wavelength ultraviolet (UVB) excitation region ,compared with that in Tb3+ single-doped case .The results show that the conversion from ultraviolet (UV) radiation to visible light is efficient in Ce3+ /Tb3+ doped LKZBSB glasses ,demonstrating that the glasses have potential values in developing enhanced solar cell as a conver-sion layer .%制备并研究了Ce3+和Tb3+掺杂碱土硼酸盐(LKZBSB)玻璃及该体系玻璃的光致发光特性,观察到起源于Ce3+和T b3+发光中心的蓝紫色和绿色荧光。波长为487,543,586和621 nm的发射峰分别归属于Tb3+的5D4→7F6,5D4→7F5,5D4→7F4和5D4→7F3发射跃迁,389nm的宽带发射峰归属于Ce3+的5d→4f电偶级允许跃迁。通过Ce3+引入,LKZBSB玻璃中Tb3+可见光发射的有效激发波长范围显著扩大,尤其在中波紫外激发下,Ce3+/T b3+共掺样品中T b3+的绿光发射强度相对于T b3+单掺样品,增强系数高达73倍。结果表明,在Ce3+/Tb3+掺杂LKZBSB玻璃中,紫外辐射可有效转换成可见光,作为光转换层对增强型太阳能电池的研发具有重要的应用价值。

  16. Atom probe tomography of lithium-doped network glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Greiwe, Gerd-Hendrik, E-mail: g_grei01@uni-muenster.de [Institute of Materials Physics, University of Münster, Wilhelm-Klemm-Str. 10, D-48149 Münster (Germany); Balogh, Zoltan; Schmitz, Guido [Institute of Material Science, University of Stuttgart, Heisenberg Straße 3, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany)

    2014-06-01

    Li-doped silicate and borate glasses are electronically insulating, but provide considerable ionic conductivity. Under measurement conditions of laser-assisted atom probe tomography, mobile Li ions are redistributed in response to high electric fields. In consequence, the direct interpretation of measured composition profiles is prevented. It is demonstrated that composition profiles are nevertheless well understood by a complex model taking into account the electronic structure of dielectric materials, ionic mobility and field screening. Quantitative data on band bending and field penetration during measurement are derived which are important in understanding laser-assisted atom probe tomography of dielectric materials. - Highlights: • Atom probe tomography is performed on ion conducting glasses. • Redistribution of ions during the measurement is observed. • An electrostatic model is applied to describe the electric field and ion diffusion. • Measurement is conducted of the absolute temperature during laser pulses.

  17. Moessbauer spectroscopic study of the formation of non-bridging oxygen in the potassium borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moessbauer spectroscopic study was performed to investigate the formation of non-bridging oxygen in the potassium borate glasses denoted by the formula of x K2O(100 - x) B2O3 x 7 Fe2O3 (0 3+ decreased continuously with the concentration of the alkali oxide in the glass, showing the increase of the symmetry around the Fe3+ ions. The isomer shift value also decreased in almost the same x region. The drastic decrease of Moessbauer parameters was attributed to the formation of non-bridging oxygen at the adjacent site of the Fe3+ ions. In the region of lower alkali content (less than 10 mol%), Moessbauer spectra only showed the absorption due to α-Fe2O3. X-ray powder diffraction patterns also displayed the existence of α-Fe2O3, together with the microcrystal of potassium borate. (orig.)

  18. Impedance- and IR-spectroscopy on sputtered borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ion-conducting oxide glasses are considered as components of thin film batteries. In our study, glass films of the compositions xLi2O.(1-x)B2O3 with x=0.15, 0.20, 0.25, 0.30, and 0.35 are prepared by ion beam sputtering in a thickness range between 100 and 1000 nm. TEM cross section investigations show a homogeneous, amorphous structure of the films, while the correspondence of their chemical composition with the glass targets is proved by EELS analysis. The specific dc-conductivity of the glass films is determined by temperature-dependent impedance spectroscopy and found to be up to three orders of magnitude higher compared to the conductivity of the corresponding bulk glasses prepared from the melt. This conductivity increase is explained by a modification of the network structure of the thin glass films. The concentration of the Non-Bridging Oxygen atoms of the network is assumed to be increased by the sputter process. This increase is expected to be the main reason for the observed conductivity enhancement. IR-spectroscopy is used to determine the content of the Non-Bridging Oxygen atoms of the network, to correlate structural and electrical properties of the thin film glasses

  19. The structural analysis of zinc borate glass by laboratory EXAFS and X-ray diffraction measurements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The structure of zinc borate glass has been investigated by laboratory EXAFS and X-ray diffraction measurement as preliminary investigations for the detailed study in SPring-8. The zinc borate glass was prepared in the range from 40 to 65 mol% of zinc oxide content. The X-ray diffraction was measured by horizontal θ-θ goniometer with 60 kV and 300 mA output of Mo target. The EXAFS of zinc borate glass was measured by laboratory EXAFS system with 20 kV, 100 mA output of Mo target for the K absorption edge of zinc atom. From the X-ray diffraction and the EXAFS measurements, it is found that the zinc ion is surrounded by four oxygen atoms and formed a tetrahedral structure whose (Zn-O) distance is about 2 A and that the structure is unchanged with the zinc oxide content. The diffraction data show that the neighboring structure of boron atom transforms from BO4 tetrahedra to BO3 tetragonal planar structure with increasing of the zinc oxide content. (author)

  20. Gamma-ray attenuation coefficients in bismuth borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mass attenuation coefficients of glasses in the system: xBi2O3(1-x)B2O3 (x=0.30, 0.35, 0.40, 0.45 and 0.55) were determined at 356, 662, 1173 and 1332 keV photon energies using a narrow beam transmission method. Appreciable variations were observed in these coefficients due to changes in the chemical composition of glasses. These coefficients were then used to determine effective atomic numbers of glass samples, which were found to be constant with bismuth concentration and energy

  1. Thermoluminescence characteristics of zinc lithium borate glass activated with Cu+ (ZnO-Li2O-B2O3:Cu+) for radiation dosimetry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Copper doped zinc lithium borate glass was prepared by solid state melt quenching method and characterized using X-ray diffractometry. The effect of varying concentration of dopant CuO on thermoluminescence (TL) properties of zinc lithium borate is reported in this paper. The best annealing temperature and time were found to be 300 deg C and 30 min respectively. While the optimal heating rate was 3 deg C. Glow curves with single peaks for all concentrations were obtained. The TL intensity increases with the increase of dopant concentration and radiation dose from 0.5 to 4 Gy. Time-base thermal fading was stable. Attractive reusability and kinetic parameters of the phosphor were also achieved. These outstanding features show that our dosimeter has the potential ability to use for radiation processing dosimetry. (author)

  2. Study of optical band gap of zinc-borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present study deals with binary xZnO-(100-x)B/sub 2/O/sub 3) (x=50-60%) and ternary yV/sub 2/O/sub 5/-50ZnO-(50-y)B/sub 2/O/sub 3/ (y=5-10%) glass systems. The mass density, oxygen packing density, molar volume and optical energy gap of these glasses were measured at room temperature. The density varies in the range of 2.92 - 3.57 g cm/sup 03/. The absorption spectra of these glasses were recorded in the UV-visible range. The optical band gap energies for these glasses were estimated from absorption data using the Mott and Davis relation and found to be in the range of 1.14 approx. equal to 2.92 eV. These results show that E/sub opt/ decreases with decreasing concentration of ZnO in binary glasses. In ternary glasses E/sub opt/ decreases with increasing concentration of V/sub 2/O/sub 5/ for a fixed amount of ZnO.(author)

  3. Molecular dynamics simulations of silicate and borate glasses and melts : structure, diffusion dynamics and vibrational properties

    OpenAIRE

    Scherer, Christoph

    2015-01-01

    Molecular dynamics simulations of silicate and borate glasses and melts: Structure, diffusion dynamics and vibrational properties. In this work computer simulations of the model glass formers SiO2 and B2O3 are presented, using the techniques of classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and quantum mechanical calculations, based on density functional theory (DFT). The latter limits the system size to about 100−200 atoms. SiO2 and B2O3 are the two most important network formers for industri...

  4. Optical limiting in semiconductor-doped glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bindra, K. S.; Oak, S. M.; Rustagi, K. C.

    1996-02-01

    We report optical limiting at 527 nm in two Schott semiconductor-doped glasses OG530 and OG515. These two glasses show quite contrasting nonlinear optical behaviour. The glass OG515 shows strong clamping while OG530 shows no clamping in optical limiting inspite of having much larger nonlinear refractive index. Similarly OG530 exhibits saturation of absorption while OG515 does not.

  5. Moessbauer study of the fraction of non-bridging oxygens in potassium borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A Moessbauer study was performed to find the fraction of non-bridging oxygens in potassium borate glasses containing a small amount of iron. The borate glasses with alkali contents of 15, 20, 25, 30 and 40 mol% were irradiated with 60Co-γ rays at room temperature in a nitrogen atmosphere. The Moessbauer absorption area for the irradiation-induced Fe2+ increased with the total γ-ray dose in the range of 1 x 106 - 2 x 108 R, and became constant after irradiation ranging from 2 x 108 R - 1 x 109 R. The absorption area for the Fe2+ at the saturated region was correlated with the difference in the glass structure, i.e., the fraction of the non-bridging oxygens was estimated from the increased absorption area for the Fe2+ as a function of the alkali content of the glasses. The fraction of the non-bridging oxygen increased with the alkali content of the glasses in the alkali region above 20 mol%, and about 14% of the fraction was obtained for an alkali content of 40 mol%. (orig.)

  6. Structural, optical and microhardness studies of pure and lanthanum doped ammonium penta borate (APB) single crystals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rare earth metal doped ammonium penta borate (MB) single crystals has been synthesized from slow solvent evaporation technique. The grown crystal has been subjected to single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis to identify the cell parameters and corresponding crystal system. The presence of lanthanum is confirmed by ICP analysis. The Kurtz's-Perry powder SHG efficiency was determined for both pure and lanthanum doped APB crystals as 1.6 and 2.2 times than that of pure KDP. The creation of weak lattice stress is confirmed by Vicker's microhardness test. (author)

  7. Study of neodymium oxide inclusion on the structure of a borate glass

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The structure of borate glass has been well studied by many different authors using a variety of techniques. When other compounds are added to the glass which accommodates them, the structural environment of the inclusions will depend on the type of included elements. Given the large number of applications of borate glasses, a study of the factors that determine the surrounding structure of an included ion in a glass is thus of much relevance. As a first step in such studies, a single ion-type viz. neodymium oxide ( Nd2O3 ) was incorporated in a borate host glass at varying mole percentages of the dopant from 10% to 25%. These glasses were melt-quenched in air from 1450 oC. Transparent bubble-free purple glass beads were obtained and subsequently crushed into fine powders for the X-ray and neutron diffraction measurements. The glass transition temperature was approximately 750 oC. An incident wavelength of 1.54 Å ( CuKα ) was used in the X-ray diffraction studies. Neutron diffraction measurements were made on the High Q diffractometer at Dhruva Reactor, B.A.R.C., Mumbai in the Q range of 0.3 to 15 Å-1 . The diffraction patterns from both techniques showed some trends with concentration in the higher Q regions of S(Q). The real space correlation functions viz. T(r) and number density function N(r) gave clear indications of changes of nearestneighbour coordination number of O around B (at 1.366 Å) as a function of Nd2O3 molar concentration in the glass. Thus in the first peak, the fraction due to tetrahedral BO4 units increases from 28% to 41% with dopant level at the expense of BO3 triangles. From an analysis of the second peak in T(r), super-structural units such as diborate and di-pentaborate units surround the Nd ion at lower dopant levels while the coordination is octahedral at higher levels of dopant. These findings are in keeping with a model that the overall structure of the host glass is affected by the concentration of the dopant ion.

  8. Role of SrO on the bioactivity behavior of some ternary borate glasses and their glass ceramic derivatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdelghany, A M; Ouis, M A; Azooz, M A; ElBatal, H A; El-Bassyouni, G T

    2016-01-01

    Borate glasses containing SrO substituting both CaO and NaO were prepared and characterized for their bioactivity or bone bonding ability. Glass ceramic derivatives were prepared by thermal heat treatment process. FTIR, XRD and SEM measurements for the prepared glass and glass-ceramics before and after immersion in sodium phosphate solution for one and two weeks were carried out. The appearance of two IR peaks within the range 550-680cm(-1) after immersion in phosphate solution indicates the formation of hydroxyapatite or equivalent Sr phosphate layer. X-ray diffraction data agree with the FTIR spectral analysis. The solubility test was carried out for both glasses and glass ceramics derivatives in the same phosphate solution. The introduction of SrO increases the solubility for both glasses and glass ceramics and this is assumed to be due to the formation of Sr phosphate which is more soluble than calcium phosphate (hydroxyapatite). SEM images reveal varying changes in the surfaces of glass ceramics after immersion according to the SrO content.

  9. Role of SrO on the bioactivity behavior of some ternary borate glasses and their glass ceramic derivatives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdelghany, A. M.; Ouis, M. A.; Azooz, M. A.; ElBatal, H. A.; El-Bassyouni, G. T.

    2016-01-01

    Borate glasses containing SrO substituting both CaO and NaO were prepared and characterized for their bioactivity or bone bonding ability. Glass ceramic derivatives were prepared by thermal heat treatment process. FTIR, XRD and SEM measurements for the prepared glass and glass-ceramics before and after immersion in sodium phosphate solution for one and two weeks were carried out. The appearance of two IR peaks within the range 550-680 cm-1 after immersion in phosphate solution indicates the formation of hydroxyapatite or equivalent Sr phosphate layer. X-ray diffraction data agree with the FTIR spectral analysis. The solubility test was carried out for both glasses and glass ceramics derivatives in the same phosphate solution. The introduction of SrO increases the solubility for both glasses and glass ceramics and this is assumed to be due to the formation of Sr phosphate which is more soluble than calcium phosphate (hydroxyapatite). SEM images reveal varying changes in the surfaces of glass ceramics after immersion according to the SrO content.

  10. Terbium-doped heavy metal glasses for green luminescence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    L.Zur; J. Pisarska; W.A. Pisarski

    2011-01-01

    Compositional-dependent heavy metal lead borate glasses doped with Tb3+ ior were investigated.Green luminescence related to main 5D4→7F5 (543 nm) transition was registered under excitation of 5D3 state of Tb3+ ions.Based on excitation and luminescence measurements,several spectroscopic parameters for Tb3+ ions were examined as a function of heavy metal PbO content.Luminescence decay analysis indicated that the 5D4 luminescence lifetime of Tb3+ reduced from 2.83 to 1.42 ms,when PbO:B2O3 ratio was changed from 1:1 to 4:1.

  11. Thermal and optical properties of Nd{sup 3+} doped lead zinc borate glasses—Influence of alkali metal ions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sasi Kumar, M.V.; Rajesh, D.; Balakrishna, A. [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517502 (India); Ratnakaram, Y.C., E-mail: ratnakaramsvu@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517502 (India)

    2013-04-15

    In the present investigation a new series of six different Nd{sup 3+} doped alkali and mixed alkali (Li, Na, K, Li–Na, Li–K and Na–K) heavy metal (PbO and ZnO) borate glasses were prepared using the melt quenching technique. The amorphous nature of the glass systems has been identified based on the X-ray diffraction analysis. The glass transition studies were carried out using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Optical properties were studied by measuring the optical absorption and near infrared luminescence spectra. The Judd–Ofelt (J–O) theory has been applied to calculate J–O intensity parameters, Ω{sub λ} (λ=2, 4 and 6) and in turn used to estimate radiative properties of certain transitions. Spectroscopic parameters such as transition probabilities (A{sub T}), branching ratios (β), radiative lifetimes (τ{sub R}) and integrated absorption cross-sections (Σ) were calculated using J–O intensity parameters for all transitions. Using emission spectra, experimental branching ratios and stimulated emission cross-sections (σ{sub P}) are obtained for all the observed emission transitions.

  12. Thermal and optical properties of Nd3+ doped lead zinc borate glasses—Influence of alkali metal ions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sasi Kumar, M. V.; Rajesh, D.; Balakrishna, A.; Ratnakaram, Y. C.

    2013-04-01

    In the present investigation a new series of six different Nd3+ doped alkali and mixed alkali (Li, Na, K, Li-Na, Li-K and Na-K) heavy metal (PbO and ZnO) borate glasses were prepared using the melt quenching technique. The amorphous nature of the glass systems has been identified based on the X-ray diffraction analysis. The glass transition studies were carried out using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Optical properties were studied by measuring the optical absorption and near infrared luminescence spectra. The Judd-Ofelt (J-O) theory has been applied to calculate J-O intensity parameters, Ωλ (λ=2, 4 and 6) and in turn used to estimate radiative properties of certain transitions. Spectroscopic parameters such as transition probabilities (AT), branching ratios (β), radiative lifetimes (τR) and integrated absorption cross-sections (Σ) were calculated using J-O intensity parameters for all transitions. Using emission spectra, experimental branching ratios and stimulated emission cross-sections (σP) are obtained for all the observed emission transitions.

  13. Thermal and optical properties of Nd3+ doped lead zinc borate glasses—Influence of alkali metal ions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the present investigation a new series of six different Nd3+ doped alkali and mixed alkali (Li, Na, K, Li–Na, Li–K and Na–K) heavy metal (PbO and ZnO) borate glasses were prepared using the melt quenching technique. The amorphous nature of the glass systems has been identified based on the X-ray diffraction analysis. The glass transition studies were carried out using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Optical properties were studied by measuring the optical absorption and near infrared luminescence spectra. The Judd–Ofelt (J–O) theory has been applied to calculate J–O intensity parameters, Ωλ (λ=2, 4 and 6) and in turn used to estimate radiative properties of certain transitions. Spectroscopic parameters such as transition probabilities (AT), branching ratios (β), radiative lifetimes (τR) and integrated absorption cross-sections (Σ) were calculated using J–O intensity parameters for all transitions. Using emission spectra, experimental branching ratios and stimulated emission cross-sections (σP) are obtained for all the observed emission transitions

  14. Synthesis and characterization of cerium- and gallium-containing borate bioactive glass scaffolds for bone tissue engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deliormanlı, Aylin M

    2015-02-01

    Bioactive glasses are widely used in biomedical applications due to their ability to bond to bone and even to soft tissues. In this study, borate based (13-93B3) bioactive glass powders containing up to 5 wt% Ce2O3 and Ga2O3 were prepared by the melt quench technique. Cerium (Ce+3) and gallium (Ga+3) were chosen because of their low toxicity associated with bacteriostatic properties. Bioactive glass scaffolds were fabricated using the polymer foam replication method. In vitro degradation and bioactivity of the scaffolds were evaluated in SBF under static conditions. Results revealed that the cerium- and gallium-containing borate glasses have much lower degradation rates compared to the bare borate glass 13-93B3. In spite of the increased chemical durability, substituted glasses exhibited a good in vitro bioactive response except when the Ce2O3 content was 5 wt%. Taking into account the high in vitro hydroxyapatite forming ability, borate glass scaffolds containing Ce+3 and Ga+3 therapeutic ions are promising candidates for bone tissue engineering applications. PMID:25631259

  15. Conductivity and modulus formulation in lithium modified bismuth zinc borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahiya, Sajjan; Punia, R.; Murugavel, S.; Maan, A. S.

    2016-05-01

    The conductivity and modulus formulation in lithium modified bismuth zinc borate glasses with compositions xLi2O-(50-x) Bi2O3-10ZnO-40B2O3 has been studied in the frequency range 0.1 Hz-1.5 × 105 Hz in the temperature range 573 K-693 K. The temperature and frequency dependent conductivity is found to obey Jonscher's universal power law for all the studied compositions, the dc conductivity (σdc), crossover frequency (ωH), and frequency exponent (s) have been estimated from the fitting of the experimental data of ac conductivity with Jonscher's universal power law. Enthalpy to dissociate the cation from its original site next to a charge compensating centre (Hf) and enthalpy of migration (Hm) have been estimated. It has been observed that number of charge carriers and ac conductivity in the lithium modified bismuth zinc borate glasses increases with increase in Li2O content. Further, the conduction mechanism in the glass sample with x = 0 may be due to overlapping large polaron tunneling, whereas, conduction mechanism in other studied glass samples more or less follows diffusion controlled relaxation model. The ac conductivity is scaled using σdc and ωH as the scaling parameter and is found that these are suitable scaling parameter for conductivity scaling. Non-Debye type relaxation is found prevalent in the studied glass system. Scaling of ac conductivity as well as electric modulus confirms the presence of different type of conduction mechanism in the glass samples with x = 0 and 5 from other studied samples. The activation energy of relaxation (ER) and dc conductivity (Edc) are almost equal, suggesting that polarons/ions have to overcome same barrier while relaxing and conducting.

  16. Conversion of borate-based glass scaffold to hydroxyapatite in a dilute phosphate solution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xin; Pan, Haobo; Fu, Hailuo; Fu, Qiang; Rahaman, Mohamed N; Huang, Wenhai

    2010-02-01

    Porous scaffolds of a borate-based glass (composition in mol%: 6Na2O, 8K2O, 8MgO, 22CaO, 36B2O3, 18SiO2, 2P2O5), with interconnected porosity of approximately 70% and pores of size 200-500 microm, were prepared by a polymer foam replication technique. The degradation of the scaffolds and conversion to a hydroxyapatite-type material in a 0.02 M K2HPO4 solution (starting pH = 7.0) at 37 degrees C were studied by measuring the weight loss of the scaffolds, as well as the pH and the boron concentration of the solution. X-ray diffraction, scanning electronic microscopy and energy dispersive x-ray analysis showed that a hydroxyapatite-type material was formed on the glass surface within 7 days of immersion in the phosphate solution. Cellular response to the scaffolds was assessed using murine MLO-A5 cells, an osteogenic cell line. Scanning electron microscopy showed that the scaffolds supported cell attachment and proliferation during the 6 day incubation. The results indicate that this borate-based glass could provide a promising degradable scaffold material for bone tissue engineering applications. PMID:20057014

  17. Conversion of borate-based glass scaffold to hydroxyapatite in a dilute phosphate solution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu Xin; Huang Wenhai [Institute of Bioengineering and Information Technology Materials, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092 (China); Pan Haobo [Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University of Hong Kong, 999077 (Hong Kong); Fu Hailuo; Fu Qiang; Rahaman, Mohamed N, E-mail: tsliuxin@hotmail.co, E-mail: whhuang@tongji.edu.c [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, and Center for Bone and Tissue Repair and Regeneration, Missouri University of Science and Technology, MO 65409 (United States)

    2010-02-15

    Porous scaffolds of a borate-based glass (composition in mol%: 6Na{sub 2}O, 8K{sub 2}O, 8MgO, 22CaO, 36B{sub 2}O{sub 3}, 18SiO{sub 2}, 2P{sub 2}O{sub 5}), with interconnected porosity of {approx}70% and pores of size 200-500{mu}m, were prepared by a polymer foam replication technique. The degradation of the scaffolds and conversion to a hydroxyapatite-type material in a 0.02 M K{sub 2}HPO{sub 4} solution (starting pH = 7.0) at 37 deg. C were studied by measuring the weight loss of the scaffolds, as well as the pH and the boron concentration of the solution. X-ray diffraction, scanning electronic microscopy and energy dispersive x-ray analysis showed that a hydroxyapatite-type material was formed on the glass surface within 7 days of immersion in the phosphate solution. Cellular response to the scaffolds was assessed using murine MLO-A5 cells, an osteogenic cell line. Scanning electron microscopy showed that the scaffolds supported cell attachment and proliferation during the 6 day incubation. The results indicate that this borate-based glass could provide a promising degradable scaffold material for bone tissue engineering applications.

  18. Thermal Stress-Induced Birefringence in Borate Glass Irradiated by Femtosecond Laser Pulses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DAI Ye; YU Bing-Kun; LU Bo; QIU Jian-Rong; YAN Xiao-Na; JIANG Xiong-Wei; ZHU Cong-Shan

    2005-01-01

    @@ Thermal stress-induced birefringence in borate glass which has been irradiated by 800-nm femtosecond laser pulses is observed under cross-polarized light. Due to the high temperature and pressure formed in the focal volume, the material at the edge of the micro-modified region is compressed between the expanding region and the unheated one, then stress emerges. Raman spectroscopy is used to investigate the stress distribution in the micro-modified region and indicates the redistributions of density and refractive index by Raman peak shift. We suggest that this technique can develop waveguide polarizers and Fresnel zone plates in integrated optics.

  19. Inorganic pigments doped with tris(pyrazol-1-yl)borate lanthanide complexes: A photoluminescence study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The inorganic pigments malachite, Egyptian blue, Ercolano blue and chrome yellow have been doped with the neutral homoleptic Ln(III) complex Ln(Tp)3 (Ln=Eu, Tb; Tp=hydrotris(pyrazol-1-yl)borate) in the presence of arabic gum or acrylic emulsion as binders, in order to obtain photoluminescent materials of interest for cultural heritage restoration. The doped pigments have shown emissions associated to f–f transitions in the visible range upon excitation with UV light. Thermal and UV-light ageings have been carried out. In all the cases the photoluminescent behaviour is maintained, but in the cases of acrylic-based paints emission spectra and lifetimes are strongly influenced by thermal treatments. The choice of binder and pigments influences the photoluminescent behaviour of the corresponding film paints. -- Highlights: • Inorganic pigments doped with photoluminescent lanthanide complexes. • Hydrotris(pyrazol-1-yl)borate (Tp) as antenna-ligand for Eu(III) and Tb(III). • Emission associated to f–f transitions upon excitation with UV light. • Photoluminescence of paints influenced by the choice of binder and pigments. • Photoluminescence after ageing depending upon the type of binder

  20. Structural and luminescence properties of Mn2+ ions doped calcium zinc borophosphate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • FT-IR revealed that the network structures are from borate and phosphate network. • The PL spectrum exhibits a green emission band at 582 nm (4T1g → 6A1g). • As the concentration of Mn2+ ions is increased, the emission band had been red shifted. • These glasses are found to have potential applications as luminescent optical materials. - Abstract: Calcium zinc borophosphate glasses (CaZnBP) doped with various concentrations of Mn2+ ions and borate and phosphate as variable were prepared using conventional melt quenching technique. The structure of obtained glasses were examined by means of use: X-ray diffraction (XRD) and fourier transform infrared (FT-IR). XRD analysis confirmed amorphous nature of glass samples. The FT-IR spectra reveals the presence of both borate and phosphate vibrational modes in the prepared glasses. The doping of Mn2+ ions (2–10 mol%) shows no significant changes in the main IR vibrational bands. Optical properties were studied by measuring the near infrared photoluminescence (PL) spectra. CaZnBP glasses exhibited intense green emission peak (582 nm) (tetrahedral symmetry), which is assigned to a transition from the upper 4T1g → 6A1g ground state of Mn2+ ions. As the concentration of Mn2+ ions increases, the emission band increases from 582 nm to 650 nm and exhibited a red light emission (octahedral symmetry). The decay curves of 4T1g level were examined for all concentrations and the measured lifetimes are found to depend strongly on Mn2+ concentrations. From the emission characteristic parameters of 6A1g (S) level, it shows that the CaZnBP glasses could have potential applications as luminescent optical materials, visible lasers and fluorescent display devices

  1. Radiophotoluminescence from silver-doped phosphate glass

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Glass dosimeter utilizing radiophotoluminescence (RPL) is one of accumulation type solid state dosimeters, which is based on luminescence phenomenon of silver (Ag+ ions)-doped phosphate glass exposed to ionizing radiation. In this study, to clarify the emission mechanism of yellow and blue RPL peaks, optical properties of Ag+-doped glass, such as optical absorption spectrum, RPL excitation spectrum before and after X-ray irradiation as well as the lifetime of both RPL peaks are measured. From the results, we discuss the emission mechanism of yellow (peaked at 2.21 eV) and blue (peaked at 2.70 eV) RPL using a proposed energy band diagram for RPL emission and excitation in Ag+-doped phosphate glass. It is found that the radiative lifetime of blue RPL is three orders of magnitude faster than that of yellow RPL.

  2. Gamma radiation shielding and optical properties measurements of zinc bismuth borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • 10ZnO:xBi2O3:(90−x)B2O3, (ZBB) glasses were prepared. • Radiation shielding and optical properties were investigated. • Higher 25 mol% of Bi2O3 show better shielding property compared with concretes. • ZBB glasses can develop as a Pb-free radiation shielding material. - Abstract: In this work, the zinc bismuth borate (ZBB) glasses of the composition 10ZnO:xBi2O3:(90−x)B2O3 (where x = 15, 20, 25 and 30 mol%) were prepared by the melt quenching technique. Their radiation shielding and optical properties were investigated and compared with theoretical calculations. The mass attenuation coefficients of ZBB glasses have been measured at different energies obtained from a Compton scattering technique. The results show a decrease of the mass attenuation coefficient, effective atomic number and effective electron density values with increasing of gamma-ray energies; and good agreements between experimental and theoretical values. The glass samples with Bi2O3 concentrations higher than 25 mol% (25 and 30 mol%) were observed with lower mean free path (MFP) values than all the standard shielding concretes studied. These results are indications that the ZBB glasses in the present study may be developed as a lead-free radiation shielding material in the investigated energy range

  3. Coordination and ion-ion interactions of chromium centers in alkaline earth zinc borate glasses probed by electron paramagnetic resonance and optical spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumalatha, B.; Omkaram, I.; Rajavardana Rao, T.; Linga Raju, Ch

    2013-05-01

    Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), optical absorption and FT-IR studies have been carried out on chromium ions incorporated in alkaline earth zinc borate glasses. The EPR spectra exhibit two resonance signals with effective g values at g ≈ 1.99 and ≈1.97. The resonance signal at g ≈ 1.99 is attributed to the contribution from both the exchange coupled Cr3+-Cr3+ ion pairs and the isolated Cr3+ ions and the resonance signal at g ≈ 1.97 is due to Cr5+ ions. The paramagnetic susceptibility (χ) was calculated from the EPR data at various (123-303 K) temperatures and the Curie temperature (θp) was calculated from the 1/χ-T graph. The optical absorption spectra exhibit three bands at ˜360 nm, ˜440 nm and a broad band at ˜615 nm characteristic of Cr3+ ions in an octahedral symmetry. From the observed band positions, the crystal-field splitting parameter Dq and the Racah parameters (B and C) have been evaluated. From the ultraviolet edges, the optical band gap energies (Eopt) and Urbach energy (ΔE) are calculated. The theoretical optical basicity (Λth) of these glasses has also been evaluated. Chromium ions doped alkaline earth zinc borate glasses show BO3 and BO4 structural units in the FT-IR studies.

  4. Coordination and ion–ion interactions of chromium centers in alkaline earth zinc borate glasses probed by electron paramagnetic resonance and optical spectroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), optical absorption and FT-IR studies have been carried out on chromium ions incorporated in alkaline earth zinc borate glasses. The EPR spectra exhibit two resonance signals with effective g values at g ≈ 1.99 and ≈1.97. The resonance signal at g ≈ 1.99 is attributed to the contribution from both the exchange coupled Cr3+–Cr3+ ion pairs and the isolated Cr3+ ions and the resonance signal at g ≈ 1.97 is due to Cr5+ ions. The paramagnetic susceptibility (χ) was calculated from the EPR data at various (123–303 K) temperatures and the Curie temperature (θp) was calculated from the 1/χ–T graph. The optical absorption spectra exhibit three bands at ∼360 nm, ∼440 nm and a broad band at ∼615 nm characteristic of Cr3+ ions in an octahedral symmetry. From the observed band positions, the crystal-field splitting parameter Dq and the Racah parameters (B and C) have been evaluated. From the ultraviolet edges, the optical band gap energies (Eopt) and Urbach energy (ΔE) are calculated. The theoretical optical basicity (Λth) of these glasses has also been evaluated. Chromium ions doped alkaline earth zinc borate glasses show BO3 and BO4 structural units in the FT-IR studies. (paper)

  5. In vivo and in vitro studies of borate based glass micro-fibers for dermal repairing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Jie; Wang, Hui; Zhao, Shichang; Zhou, Nai; Li, Le; Huang, Wenhai; Wang, Deping; Zhang, Changqing

    2016-03-01

    Full-thickness skin defects represent urgent clinical problem nowadays. Wound dressing materials are hotly needed to induce dermal reconstruction or to treat serious skin defects. In this study, the borate bioactive glass (BG) micro-fibers were fabricated and compared with the traditional material 45S5 Bioglass(®) (SiG) micro-fibers. The morphology, biodegradation and bioactivity of BG and SiG micro-fibers were investigated in vitro. The wound size reduction and angiogenic effects of BG and SiG micro-fibers were evaluated by the rat full-thickness skin defect model and Microfil technique in vivo. Results indicated that the BG micro-fibers showed thinner fiber diameter (1 μm) and better bioactivity than the SiG micro-fibers did. The ionic extracts of BG and SiG micro-fibers were not toxic to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). In vivo, the BG micro-fiber wound dressings obviously enhanced the formation of blood vessel, and resulted in a much faster wound size reduction than the SiG micro-fibers, or than the control groups, after 9 days application. The good skin defect reconstruction ability of BG micro-fibers contributed to the B element in the composition, which results in the better bioactivity and angiogenesis. As shown above, the novel bioactive borate glass micro-fibers are expected to provide a promising therapeutic alternative for dermal reconstruction or skin defect repair.

  6. Structural and luminescence studies on Eu3+ and Sm3+ doped zinc-leadborate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present work reports structural and luminescence studies on (50-x)B2O3+ 20PbO+20ZnO+ 10Sr2O+xR2O3 (where x=0.1, 1 and R=Sm3+, Eu3+) zinc-leadborate glasses. Structural analysis of the prepared glasses have been carried out using XRD, FTIR and Raman spectra. The optical absorption and photoluminescence spectra of the Eu3+ and Sm3+ doped glasses were investigated using the Judd-Ofelt (JO) theory. The XRD spectra reveal the amorphous nature of the prepared glasses. The fundamental stretching vibrations of the various borate networks have been identified and reported through the FTIR spectra. Raman spectra are used to analyse the information about the structural units and local arrangements in the host matrix

  7. Influence of europium (Eu3+) ions on the optical properties of silver lead borate glasses

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    K Keshavamurthy; B Eraiah

    2015-09-01

    The influence of europium (Eu3+) ions on the optical properties of silver lead borate glasses of the Eu2O3–(1 – )Ag2O–29PbO–70B2O3 ( = 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5 mol%) glass system prepared by the conventional melt quenching technique and their physical and optical properties were investigated. The UV absorption spectra were recorded at room temperature in the wavelength range of 200–600 nm. From the absorption edge data, it is found that both the direct and indirect transitions and their values are ranging from 3.19 to 3.54 and 2.50 to 3.07 eV, respectively. The Urbach energy values for these glasses were found to be in the range of 0.39–0.52 eV. The refractive indices have also been evaluated with respect to different molar concentrations of Eu2O3 and their calculated values are ranging from 1.598 to 1.654.

  8. New High Capacity Cathode Materials for Rechargeable Li-ion Batteries: Vanadate-Borate Glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afyon, Semih; Krumeich, Frank; Mensing, Christian; Borgschulte, Andreas; Nesper, Reinhard

    2014-11-01

    V2O5 based materials are attractive cathode alternatives due to the many oxidation state switches of vanadium bringing about a high theoretical specific capacity. However, significant capacity losses are eminent for crystalline V2O5 phases related to the irreversible phase transformations and/or vanadium dissolution starting from the first discharge cycle. These problems can be circumvented if amorphous or glassy vanadium oxide phases are employed. Here, we demonstrate vanadate-borate glasses as high capacity cathode materials for rechargeable Li-ion batteries for the first time. The composite electrodes of V2O5 - LiBO2 glass with reduced graphite oxide (RGO) deliver specific energies around 1000 Wh/kg and retain high specific capacities in the range of ~ 300 mAh/g for the first 100 cycles. V2O5 - LiBO2 glasses are considered as promising cathode materials for rechargeable Li-ion batteries fabricated through rather simple and cost-efficient methods.

  9. Sensitized red luminescence from Bi3+ co-doped Eu3+: ZnO-B2O3 glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Photoluminescence properties of Bi3+ co-doped Eu3+ containing zinc borate glasses have been investigated and the results are reported here. Bright red emission due to a dominant electric dipole transition 5D0→7F2 of the Eu3+ ions has been observed from these glasses. The nature of Stark components from the measured fluorescence transitions of Eu3+ ions reveal that the rare earth ions could take the lattice sites of Cs or lower point symmetry in the zinc borate glass hosts. The significant enhancement of Eu3+ emission intensity by 346 nm excitation (1S0→3P1 of Bi3+ ions) elucidates the sensitization effect of co-dopant. The energy transfer mechanism between sensitizer (Bi3+) and activator (Eu3+) ions has been explained.

  10. Magnetic behavior of erbium-zinc-borate glasses and glass ceramics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Borodi, G. [National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, 65-103 Donath, 400293 Cluj-Napoca (Romania); Pascuta, P.; Bosca, M.; Pop, V. [Technical University, 28 Memorandumului, 400114 Cluj-Napoca (Romania); Stefan, R. [Agricultural Science and Veterinary Medicine University, 3-5 Calea Manastur, 400372 Cluj-Napoca (Romania); Tetean, R. [Babes-Bolyai University, 1 Mihail Kogalniceanu, Faculty of Physics, 400084 Cluj Napoca (Romania); Radulescu, D. [University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iuliu Hatieganu, 8 Victor Babes, 400012 Cluj-Napoca (Romania)

    2013-11-13

    Glasses of the system (Er{sub 2}O{sub 3}){sub x}⋅(B{sub 2}O{sub 3}){sub (60−x)}⋅(ZnO){sub 40} (3 ≤ x ≤ 15 mol%) were prepared by conventional melt quenching and subsequently converted to glass ceramics by heat treatment of glass samples at 860 °C for 2 h. The magnetic behaviour of the studied glasses and glass ceramics were investigated using a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and a Faraday-type magnetic balance. Magnetic data show that erbium ions are involved in negative superexchange interactions in all the investigated samples, being antiferromagnetically coupled. For all studied samples the experimental values obtained for the effective magnetic moments are lower than the value corresponding to free Er{sup 3+} ions and decrease with the increasing of Er{sub 2}O{sub 3} content. The decrease is more pronounced in heat treated samples than untreated ones.

  11. Magnetic behavior of erbium-zinc-borate glasses and glass ceramics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borodi, G.; Pascuta, P.; Bosca, M.; Stefan, R.; Tetean, R.; Pop, V.; Radulescu, D.

    2013-11-01

    Glasses of the system (Er2O3)xṡ(B2O3)(60-x)ṡ(ZnO)40 (3 ≤ x ≤ 15 mol%) were prepared by conventional melt quenching and subsequently converted to glass ceramics by heat treatment of glass samples at 860 °C for 2 h. The magnetic behaviour of the studied glasses and glass ceramics were investigated using a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and a Faraday-type magnetic balance. Magnetic data show that erbium ions are involved in negative superexchange interactions in all the investigated samples, being antiferromagnetically coupled. For all studied samples the experimental values obtained for the effective magnetic moments are lower than the value corresponding to free Er3+ ions and decrease with the increasing of Er2O3 content. The decrease is more pronounced in heat treated samples than untreated ones.

  12. Magnetic behavior of erbium-zinc-borate glasses and glass ceramics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Glasses of the system (Er2O3)x⋅(B2O3)(60−x)⋅(ZnO)40 (3 ≤ x ≤ 15 mol%) were prepared by conventional melt quenching and subsequently converted to glass ceramics by heat treatment of glass samples at 860 °C for 2 h. The magnetic behaviour of the studied glasses and glass ceramics were investigated using a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and a Faraday-type magnetic balance. Magnetic data show that erbium ions are involved in negative superexchange interactions in all the investigated samples, being antiferromagnetically coupled. For all studied samples the experimental values obtained for the effective magnetic moments are lower than the value corresponding to free Er3+ ions and decrease with the increasing of Er2O3 content. The decrease is more pronounced in heat treated samples than untreated ones

  13. On the Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Studies in Mixed Alkali Borate Glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mixed alkali effect in oxide based glasses is one of the current research activity and studies on the behavior of spectroscopic parameters in these systems are quite important to understand the basic nature of this phenomenon. EPR studies of mixed alkali glasses Li2O-K2O-ZnO-B2O3 doped with Fe3+ and Mn2+ were carried out at room temperature. The EPR spectra show typical resonances of d5 system (Fe3+ and Mn2+) in all the measured glass specimens. Evaluated hyperfine constant, number of paramagnetic centers and paramagnetic susceptibility values show deviation from the linearity with the progressive substitution of the Li ion with K in glass network.

  14. Local structure of alkalis in mixed-alkali borate glass to elucidate the origin of mixed-alkali effect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yomei Tokuda

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available We report the structural analysis of Na+ and Cs+ in sodium cesium borate crystals and glasses using 23Na and 133Cs magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS NMR spectroscopy. The composition dependence of NMR spectra of the borate was similar to that of the silicate: (1 the peak position of cesium borate crystals shifted to upfield for structures with larger Cs+ coordination numbers, (2 the MAS NMR spectra of xNa2O-yCs2O-3B2O3 (x = 0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1.0, x + y = 1 glass showed that the average coordination number (CN of both the alkali cations decreases with increasing Cs+/(Na+ + Cs+ ratio. However, the degree of decrement in borates is much smaller than that in silicates. We have considered that the small difference in CN is due to 4-coordinated B, because it is electrically compensated by the alkali metal ions resulting in the restriction of having various coordinations of O to alkali metal.

  15. Investigation of Gamma and Neutron Shielding Parameters for Borate Glasses Containing NiO and PbO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vishwanath P. Singh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The mass attenuation coefficients, μ/ρ, half-value layer, HVL, tenth-value layer, TVL, effective atomic numbers, ZPIeff, and effective electron densities, Ne,eff, of borate glass sample systems of (100-x-y Na2B4O7 : xPbO : yNiO (where x and y=0, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 weight percentage containing PbO and NiO, with potential gamma ray and neutron shielding applications, have been investigated. The gamma ray interaction parameters, μ/ρ, HVL, TVL, ZPIeff, and Ne,eff, were computed for photon energy range 1 keV–100 GeV. The macroscopic fast neutron removal cross-sections (ΣR have also been calculated. Appreciable variations were noted for all the interaction parameters by varying the photon energy and the chemical composition of the glass samples. The better shielding properties of borate glass samples containing PbO were found. These results indicated that borate glass samples are a good radiation shielding material.

  16. Modified refractive index of zinc sulfide nanoparticles doped glasses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Moussaoui

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available ZnS nanoparticles (NPs embedded in an oxide glass have been achieved in the present work by melting process. The UV-visible absorption and fluorescence properties of these doped and undoped glasses have been evaluated and compared. Studies on absorption spectra showed that the size of the ZnS NPs was near to 2 nm. Doped glass fluorescence characterized by laser confocale microscopy is centered at about 620 nm. We measured also the refractive index of ZnS doped glasses. The maximum refractive index difference between the undoped and ZnS doped glasses was found about 0.1 (l = 632.8 nm.

  17. In vitro evaluation of borate-based bioactive glass scaffolds prepared by a polymer foam replication method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Borate-based bioactive glass scaffolds with a microstructure similar to that of human trabecular bone were prepared using a polymer foam replication method, and evaluated in vitro for potential bone repair applications. The scaffolds (porosity = 72 ± 3%; pore size = 250-500 μm) had a compressive strength of 6.4 ± 1.0 MPa. The bioactivity of the scaffolds was confirmed by the formation of a hydroxyapatite (HA) layer on the surface of the glass within 7 days in 0.02 M K2HPO4 solution at 37 deg. C. The biocompatibility of the scaffolds was assessed from the response of cells to extracts of the dissolution products of the scaffolds, using assays of MTT hydrolysis, cell viability, and alkaline phosphatase activity. For boron concentrations below a threshold value (0.65 mM), extracts of the glass dissolution products supported the proliferation of bone marrow stromal cells, as well as the proliferation and function of murine MLO-A5 cells, an osteogenic cell line. Scanning electron microscopy showed attachment and continuous increase in the density of MLO-A5 cells cultured on the surface of the glass scaffolds. The results indicate that borate-based bioactive glass could be a potential scaffold material for bone tissue engineering provided that the boron released from the glass could be controlled below a threshold value.

  18. In vitro evaluation of borate-based bioactive glass scaffolds prepared by a polymer foam replication method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fu Hailuo, E-mail: fuhailuo@hotmail.com [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO 65409 (United States); Institute of Bio-Engineering and IT Materials, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092 (China); Fu Qiang, E-mail: fuharry@hotmail.com [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO 65409 (United States); Zhou Nai [Institute of Bio-Engineering and IT Materials, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092 (China); Huang Wenhai, E-mail: whhuang@mail.tongji.edu.cn [Institute of Bio-Engineering and IT Materials, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092 (China); Rahaman, Mohamed N. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO 65409 (United States); Wang Deping [Institute of Bio-Engineering and IT Materials, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092 (China); Liu Xin [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO 65409 (United States); Institute of Bio-Engineering and IT Materials, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092 (China)

    2009-08-31

    Borate-based bioactive glass scaffolds with a microstructure similar to that of human trabecular bone were prepared using a polymer foam replication method, and evaluated in vitro for potential bone repair applications. The scaffolds (porosity = 72 {+-} 3%; pore size = 250-500 {mu}m) had a compressive strength of 6.4 {+-} 1.0 MPa. The bioactivity of the scaffolds was confirmed by the formation of a hydroxyapatite (HA) layer on the surface of the glass within 7 days in 0.02 M K{sub 2}HPO{sub 4} solution at 37 deg. C. The biocompatibility of the scaffolds was assessed from the response of cells to extracts of the dissolution products of the scaffolds, using assays of MTT hydrolysis, cell viability, and alkaline phosphatase activity. For boron concentrations below a threshold value (0.65 mM), extracts of the glass dissolution products supported the proliferation of bone marrow stromal cells, as well as the proliferation and function of murine MLO-A5 cells, an osteogenic cell line. Scanning electron microscopy showed attachment and continuous increase in the density of MLO-A5 cells cultured on the surface of the glass scaffolds. The results indicate that borate-based bioactive glass could be a potential scaffold material for bone tissue engineering provided that the boron released from the glass could be controlled below a threshold value.

  19. Luminescent thermochromism in potassium-alumina-borate glass with copper-containing molecular clusters at elevated temperatures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babkina, Anastasiya N.; Nikonorov, Nikolaij V.; Shakhverdov, Teimur A.; Shirshnev, Pavel S.; Sidorov, Alexander I.

    2014-02-01

    It is experimentally shown that a considerable luminescent thermochromic effect occurs in potassium-alumina-borate (PAB) glasses with copper-containing molecular clusters. This effect is manifested in a reversible blue spectral shift of luminescence band about 100 nm and its narrowing, with negligible change of luminescence amplitude in maximum during heating from 20 up to 300 °C. Luminescence and excitation spectra of PAB glass at different temperatures are presented. It is shown that the temperature rise results in a red spectral shift of excitation bands and in their broadening.

  20. Melting and freezing of spherical bismuth nanoparticles confined in a homogeneous sodium borate glass

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kellermann, G.; Craievich, A. F.

    2008-08-01

    The melting temperature and the crystallization temperature of Bi nanoclusters confined in a sodium borate glass were experimentally determined as functions of the cluster radius. The results indicate that, on cooling, liquid Bi nanodroplets exhibit a strong undercooling effect for a wide range of radii. The difference between the melting temperature and the freezing temperature decreases for decreasing radius and vanishes for Bi nanoparticles with a critical radius R=1.9nm . The magnitude of the variation in density across the melting and freezing transitions for Bi nanoparticles with R=2nm is 40% smaller than for bulk Bi. These experimental results support a basic core-shell model for the structure of Bi nanocrystals consisting of a central crystalline volume surrounded by a structurally disordered shell. The volume fraction of the crystalline core decreases for decreasing nanoparticle radius and vanishes for R=1.9nm . Thus, on cooling, the liquid nanodroplets with R<1.9nm preserve, across the liquid-to-solid transformation, their homogeneous and disordered structure without crystalline core.

  1. Luminescence properties of Tm3+/Yb3+ codoped lead alumina bismuth borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goud, K. Krishna Murthy; Reddy, M. Chandra Shekhar; Rao, B. Appa

    2016-05-01

    This paper reports on the spectroscopic properties of Yb3+ and Tm3+ codoped lead alumina bismuth borate glasses. Optical absorption spectra of these Samples were recorded at room temperature in the wavelength range 350-2000 nm. The absorption spectra exhibited the bands at 658 nm (3H6→3F2), 686 nm (3H6→3F3), 792 nm (3H6→3H4), 1211 nm (3H6→3H5) and 1663 nm (3H6→3F4) due to Tm3+ ions. The band at 977 nm (2F7/2→2F5/2) is due to Yb3+ ions. Optical band gap (Eopt) and Urbach energy (ΔE) values were calculated from the spectra. It was observed that the value of optical band gap decreases with increase in the concentration of Tm3+ ions. The upconversion luminescence spectra were measured under excitation of 980 nm laser diode, and the intense blue (470 nm) and green (656 nm) emission were simultaneously observed at room temperature. A proposed upconversion mechanism involving energy transfer from Yb3+ to Tm3+ has been presented.

  2. Structural and luminescence properties of Mn{sup 2+} ions doped calcium zinc borophosphate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wan, Ming Hua, E-mail: wanminghua819@gmail.com [Phosphor Research Group, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai 81310, Johor (Malaysia); Wong, Poh Sum, E-mail: pohsumwong@gmail.com [Phosphor Research Group, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai 81310, Johor (Malaysia); Hussin, Rosli, E-mail: roslihussin@utm.my [Phosphor Research Group, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai 81310, Johor (Malaysia); Lintang, Hendrik O., E-mail: hendrik@ibnusina.utm.my [Catalytic Science and Technology (CST) Research Group, Ibnu Sina Institute for Fundamental Science Studies, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai 81310, Johor (Malaysia); Endud, Salasiah, E-mail: salasiah@kimia.fs.utm.my [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor (Malaysia)

    2014-05-15

    Highlights: • FT-IR revealed that the network structures are from borate and phosphate network. • The PL spectrum exhibits a green emission band at 582 nm ({sup 4}T{sub 1g} → {sup 6}A{sub 1g}). • As the concentration of Mn{sup 2+} ions is increased, the emission band had been red shifted. • These glasses are found to have potential applications as luminescent optical materials. - Abstract: Calcium zinc borophosphate glasses (CaZnBP) doped with various concentrations of Mn{sup 2+} ions and borate and phosphate as variable were prepared using conventional melt quenching technique. The structure of obtained glasses were examined by means of use: X-ray diffraction (XRD) and fourier transform infrared (FT-IR). XRD analysis confirmed amorphous nature of glass samples. The FT-IR spectra reveals the presence of both borate and phosphate vibrational modes in the prepared glasses. The doping of Mn{sup 2+} ions (2–10 mol%) shows no significant changes in the main IR vibrational bands. Optical properties were studied by measuring the near infrared photoluminescence (PL) spectra. CaZnBP glasses exhibited intense green emission peak (582 nm) (tetrahedral symmetry), which is assigned to a transition from the upper {sup 4}T{sub 1g} → {sup 6}A{sub 1g} ground state of Mn{sup 2+} ions. As the concentration of Mn{sup 2+} ions increases, the emission band increases from 582 nm to 650 nm and exhibited a red light emission (octahedral symmetry). The decay curves of {sup 4}T{sub 1g} level were examined for all concentrations and the measured lifetimes are found to depend strongly on Mn{sup 2+} concentrations. From the emission characteristic parameters of {sup 6}A{sub 1g} (S) level, it shows that the CaZnBP glasses could have potential applications as luminescent optical materials, visible lasers and fluorescent display devices.

  3. Synthesis, thermoluminescence and dosimetric properties of La-doped zinc borates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kucuk, Nil, E-mail: nilkoc@uludag.edu.tr [Physics Department, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Uludag University, Gorukle Campus, 16059 Bursa (Turkey); Kucuk, Ilker; Cakir, Merve [Physics Department, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Uludag University, Gorukle Campus, 16059 Bursa (Turkey); Kaya Keles, Sule [Institute of Nuclear Science, Ankara University, Tandogan Campus, 06550 Ankara (Turkey)

    2013-07-15

    Dependence on the dose of beta radiation of undoped and La-doped ZnB{sub 2}O{sub 4} powder samples at 1%, 2%, 3%, 4%, 5% and 10% (by weight) was investigated by thermoluminescence technique. Powder samples were synthesized by the nitric acid method using the starting oxides [zinc oxide (ZnO), boric acid (H{sub 3}BO{sub 3}) and doped element oxide (La{sub 2}O{sub 3})]. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The thermoluminescence (TL) properties of the powder samples were measured with Risø TL/OSL DA-20 reader. TL glow curves were obtained with heating at a constant heating rate of 5 °C/s up to 450 °C. The dose response curves of the powder samples exposed to {sup 90}Sr beta radiation (40 mCi) were obtained in the dose range from 143 mGy to 60 Gy. Dose responses and minimum detectable dose (MDD) values for increasing radiation doses of the powder samples were determined. The dose responses of all the samples have shown a quite linear response to beta radiation. MDD value of 10% La-doped ZnB{sub 2}O{sub 4} powder sample which shows a high temperature peak at 207 °C was determined as 4 mGy. MDD values for 1%, 2%, 3%, 4% and 5% La-doped ZnB{sub 2}O{sub 4} powder samples were also determined as 10 mGy, 50 mGy, 10 mGy, 10 mGy and 30 mGy, respectively. Luminescence intensities of the powder samples were shown to be likely to be used for low radiation doses. Highlights: ► Powder samples of undoped and La-doped zinc borate were prepared by the nitric acid method. ► TL properties and dependence on the dose of beta radiation of the samples have been investigated. ► The dose responses of the powder samples showed good linearity. ► The results showed that ZnB{sub 2}O{sub 4}:La sample can be a promising TLD material for dosimetric applications.

  4. Synthesis, thermoluminescence and dosimetric properties of La-doped zinc borates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dependence on the dose of beta radiation of undoped and La-doped ZnB2O4 powder samples at 1%, 2%, 3%, 4%, 5% and 10% (by weight) was investigated by thermoluminescence technique. Powder samples were synthesized by the nitric acid method using the starting oxides [zinc oxide (ZnO), boric acid (H3BO3) and doped element oxide (La2O3)]. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The thermoluminescence (TL) properties of the powder samples were measured with Risø TL/OSL DA-20 reader. TL glow curves were obtained with heating at a constant heating rate of 5 °C/s up to 450 °C. The dose response curves of the powder samples exposed to 90Sr beta radiation (40 mCi) were obtained in the dose range from 143 mGy to 60 Gy. Dose responses and minimum detectable dose (MDD) values for increasing radiation doses of the powder samples were determined. The dose responses of all the samples have shown a quite linear response to beta radiation. MDD value of 10% La-doped ZnB2O4 powder sample which shows a high temperature peak at 207 °C was determined as 4 mGy. MDD values for 1%, 2%, 3%, 4% and 5% La-doped ZnB2O4 powder samples were also determined as 10 mGy, 50 mGy, 10 mGy, 10 mGy and 30 mGy, respectively. Luminescence intensities of the powder samples were shown to be likely to be used for low radiation doses. Highlights: ► Powder samples of undoped and La-doped zinc borate were prepared by the nitric acid method. ► TL properties and dependence on the dose of beta radiation of the samples have been investigated. ► The dose responses of the powder samples showed good linearity. ► The results showed that ZnB2O4:La sample can be a promising TLD material for dosimetric applications

  5. Effect of TiO2 on the optical, structural and crystallization behavior of barium borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marzouk, M. A.; ElBatal, F. H.; ElBatal, H. A.

    2016-07-01

    Collective characterizations of prepared binary barium borate glass (50 mol % BaO - 50 mol % B2O3) together with samples containing increasing added TiO2 contents (5% → 30%) were carried out by optical and FT infrared absorption measurements. FT infrared and X-ray diffraction analysis were done for heat treated glass - ceramic derivatives prepared through two step regime process. Optical spectra of the glasses reveal the presence of titanium ions mainly in the tetravalent state imparting additional UV band beside strong UV absorption due to trace iron impurity. IR spectral studies indicate the presence of triangular and tetrahedral borate groups through the modification of BaO to some BO3 to BO4 groups beside the presence of titanium ions as interfering or overlapping TiO4 or Bsbnd Osbnd Ti groupings in the glassy network. Crystalline X-ray diffraction results indicate the separation of crystalline barium borate of the composition (2BaO.5 B2O3) as a main constituent together with some crystalline alkali titanates confirming the role of TiO2 of both as nucleating agent beside acting as structural forming through reaction with alkali oxides to form crystalline titanates. The optical band gap values reveal progressive decrease and increase of Urbach energy with TiO2 content and the same for the refractive index values and all these parameters are correlated with the proposed changes in the glass constitution with the introduction of TiO2. The additional thermal expansion measurements indicate the peculiar characteristic negative expansion up to 300 °C and after which an increase in the coefficient of thermal expansion is identified with the increase in temperature. The thermal parameters are also correlated with the modification of the glass structure by the introduction of titanium ions.

  6. Luminescence properties of Dy3+ ions in a variety of borate and fluoroborate glasses containing lithium, zinc, and lead

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The fluorescence properties of Dy3+ ions, with two concentrations (1.0 and 0.1 mol%), have been investigated in a variety of borate and fluoroborate glasses modified with lithium, zinc, and/or lead. The fluorescence spectra and lifetimes of 4F9/2 level of Dy3+ ions in these glasses have been measured using the 457.9 nm line of argon ion laser as an excitation source. Decreasing trend in lifetimes has been observed when the glass compositions contain modifiers in the order of LiF→Li2O→ZnO→PbO. Decay curves for these glasses are found to be single exponential and non-exponential for 0.1 and 1.0 mol% concentrations, respectively. The non-exponential decay curves have been well fitted with the Inokuti-Hirayama (I-H) model for dipole-dipole interaction

  7. Physical and structural properties of Nd3+ doped BaO-ZnO-B2O3 glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nanda, Kirti; Kundu, R. S.; Punia, R.; Parmar, R.; Kishore, N.

    2013-06-01

    Nd3+ doped Barium-Zinc-Borate glasses with composition xNd2O3-(100-x)[0.1BaO-0.4ZnO-0.5B2O3];x = 0,0.5,1.0,1.5,2.0 have been prepared by melt-quenching method. X-Ray Diffractogram of the synthesized glass samples confirms the amorphous nature. The physical properties i.e. density and molar volume have been measured and both increases with increase in Nd3+ content. Glass transition temperature have been measured using DSC and found to be increase with Nd3+ content shows good thermal stability. Analysis of FTIR spectra estimate the presence of tetrahedral coordination of Zn (i.e. ZnO4) in synthesized glasses. The basic structural units [BO3] and [BO4] are observed in glasses under study.

  8. The effect of V 2O 5 on alkaline earth zinc borate glasses studied by EPR and optical absorption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sumalatha, B.; Omkaram, I.; Rajavardhana Rao, T.; Linga Raju, Ch.

    2011-12-01

    10 wt% SrO:30 wt% ZnO:60 wt% B 2O 3 incorporated with different vanadyl concentrations were studied by means of electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and optical absorption techniques. The spin-Hamiltonian parameters ( g and A), bonding parameters ( α2 and β2∗2) and Fermi contact interaction parameter K have been calculated. The values of spin-Hamiltonian parameters indicate that the VO 2+ ions in strontium zinc borate glasses were present in octahedral sites with tetragonal compression. The spin concentration ( N) participating in resonance was calculated as a function of temperature (93-273 K) for strontium zinc borate glass sample containing 0.9 wt% of VO 2+ ions and the activation energy ( Ea) was calculated. From the EPR data, the paramagnetic susceptibility ( χ) was calculated at various temperatures and the Curie constant ( C) was evaluated from the 1/ χ- T graph. The optical absorption spectra of VO 2+ ions in these glasses show two bands corresponding to the transitions 2B 2g → 2B 1g and 2B 2g → 2E g in the order of decreasing energy respectively. The optical band gap energies ( Eopt) and Urbach energy (Δ E) have been determined from their ultraviolet edges. The theoretical values of optical basicity ( Λth) of these glasses have also been evaluated.

  9. High Quantum Efficiency and High Concentration Erbium-Doped Silica Glasses Fabricated by Sintering Nanoporous Glasses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    A new method was used to prepare erbium-doped high silica (SiO2%>96%) glasses by sintering nanoporous glasses. The concentration of erbium ions in high silica glasses can be considerably more than that in silica glasses prepared by using conventional methods. The fluorescence of 1532 nm has an FWHM (Full Wave at Half Maximum) of 50 nm, wider than 35 nm of EDSFA (erbium-doped silica fiber amplifer), and hence the glass possesses potential application in broadband fiber amplifiers. The Judd-Ofelt theoretical analysis reflects that the quantum efficiency of this erbium-doped glass is about 0.78, although the erbium concentration in this glass (6×103) is about twenty times higher than that in silica glass. These excellent characteristics of Er-doped high silica glass will be conducive to its usage in optical amplifiers and microchip lasers.

  10. Effect of halides addition on the ligand field of chromium in alkali borate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hassan, M.A., E-mail: moukhtar_hassan@yahoo.com

    2013-10-15

    Highlights: •The 10 KM–64.7 B{sub 2}O{sub 3}–25 Na{sub 2}O–0.3 Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3} (M = Cl, Br and I) glassy system was prepared by a quenching method. •Optical basicity, ligand field theory optical band gap energy, refractive index, ESR and IR were studied. •The electronegativity plays an important role in deforming the crystal field around the transition metal ions. •The crystal-field sites of KCl or KBr sample are very strong compared to the very weak one in the KI sample. -- Abstract: Borate oxide glass system of composition 10 KM–64.7 B{sub 2}O{sub 3}–25 Na{sub 2}O–0.3 Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3} (M = Cl, Br and I) was prepared by conventional melt quenching technique. The amorphous nature of the investigated glasses was checked by the X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique. The optical basicity of the system has been calculated, and was found to increase by going from KCl to KBr and to KI. Optical absorption spectra were recorded in the UV–visible range. Through a careful analysis of the data, the ligand field parameters (crystal field strength Dq, Racah parameters B and nephelauxetic functions h) and the optical parameters (optical band gap, Urbach tail band width, and refractive index) have been estimated. The obtained results reveal a strong correlation between that ligand field parameters and the type of halogen atom; the crystal-field strength of KCl or KBr samples are very pronounced but it is rather weak in the KI sample. Electron spin resonance (ESR) has been used to probe the valency of the Chromium ions. The resulting ESR parameters revealed that chromium ions are predominantly in the trivalent state with traces of hexavalent state. Using Infrared spectroscopy (IR) information on the boron structural units has been obtained. The N{sub 4} ratio increases by replacing the KCl by KBr or KI, and it was found that the tetrahedral coordination of Cr{sup +} ions becomes preferential in the host glasses with increasing the optical basicity.

  11. The effect of semiconducting CdSe and ZnSe nanoparticles on the fluorescence of Sm3+ in lead borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallur, Saisudha; Fatokun, Stephen; Babu, P. K.

    2015-03-01

    We studied the fluorescence spectra of Sm3+ doped lead borate glasses containing zinc selenide (ZnSe) and cadmium selenide (CdSe) nanoparticles with the following compositions (x PbO: 96.5-x B2O3:0.5 Sm2O3:3ZnSe/CdSe, x =36.5 and 56.5 mol%). These glass samples are prepared using the melt-quenching technique. Each sample is annealed just below the glass transition temperature at 400°C for 3 hrs and 6 hrs. We have chosen PbO-B2O3 glasses to incorporate Sm3+ ions because they have large glass forming region, high refractive index, and good physical and thermal stability. Fluorescence spectra of these samples are obtained with the excitation wavelength at 477 nm. Four fluorescence transitions are observed at 563 nm, 598 nm, 646 nm and 708 nm. The transition at 646 nm is found to be a hypersensitive transition that strongly depends on the covalency of the Sm-O bond and the asymmetry of the crystal field at Sm site. The 646 nm/598 nm fluorescence intensity ratio has been studied for different annealing times and PbO concentration for both ZnSe and CdSe samples. The presence of CdSe nanoparticles is seen to produce the greatest influence on the fluorescence intensity ratio. This could be due to the size of the CdSe nanoparticles and covalency of the Sm-O bond.

  12. Photostimulated luminescence from BaCl2:Eu2+ nanocrystals in lithium borate glasses following neutron irradiation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Appleby, G.A.; Edgar, A.; Williams, G.V.M.; Bos, A.J.J.

    2006-01-01

    A glass-ceramic thermal neutron imaging plate material is reported. The material consists of a neutron sensitive 2B2O3–Li2O glass matrix containing nanocrystallites of the storage phosphor BaCl2:Eu2+. When doped with 0.5 mol % Eu2+, the neutron induced photostimulated luminescence (PSL) conversion e

  13. Comparative study of lead borate and bismuth lead borate glass systems as gamma-radiation shielding materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Narveer; Singh, Kanwar Jit; Singh, Kulwant; Singh, Harvinder

    2004-09-01

    Gamma-ray mass attenuation coefficients have been measured experimentally and calculated theoretically for PbO-B 2O 3 and Bi 2O 3-PbO-B 2O 3 glass systems using narrow beam transmission method. These values have been used to calculate half value layer (HVL) parameter. These parameters have also been calculated theoretically for some standard radiation shielding concretes at same energies. Effect of replacing lead by bismuth has been analyzed in terms of density, molar volume and mass attenuation coefficient.

  14. Investigation of Gamma and Neutron Shielding Parameters for Borate Glasses Containing NiO and PbO

    OpenAIRE

    Singh, Vishwanath P.; Badiger, N. M.

    2014-01-01

    The mass attenuation coefficients, μ/ρ, half-value layer, HVL, tenth-value layer, TVL, effective atomic numbers, ZPIeff, and effective electron densities, Ne,eff, of borate glass sample systems of (100-x-y) Na2B4O7 : xPbO : yNiO (where x and y=0, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 weight percentage) containing PbO and NiO, with potential gamma ray and neutron shielding applications, have been investigated. The gamma ray interaction parameters, μ/ρ, HVL, TVL, ZPIeff, and Ne,eff, were computed for photon energ...

  15. In vitro bioactivity of soda lime borate glasses with substituted SrO in sodium phosphate solution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed A. Marzouk

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Borate glasses with the basic composition 0.6B2O3·0.2Na2O·0.2CaO and SrO progressively substituting CaO were prepared and characterized for their bone-bonding ability. The obtained glasses were thermally treated and converted to their glass-ceramic derivatives. In this study, FTIR spectral analyses were done for the prepared glasses and glass-ceramics before and after immersion in a sodium phosphate solution for extended times. The appearance of two IR bands within the spectral range 550–680 cm-1 after immersion confirms the formation of hydroxyapatite. X-ray diffraction studies and scanning electron microscope analysis supported the obtained infrared spectroscopy results. The solubility test (measurements of the weight loss in aqueous sodium phosphate solution was conducted for measuring the dissolution of both glassy and crystalline derivatives to find out the role of SrO. The corrosion behaviour of the glasses and glass-ceramics indicate the increase of weight loss with the increase of SrO content. Different suggested proposals were introduced to explain this abnormal behaviour.

  16. Thermoluminescence and defect centres in Tb doped lithium magnesium borate phosphor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Menon, S.N., E-mail: sanju_n_m@yahoo.com [Radiological Physics and Advisory Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai (India); Kadam, Sonal [Radiological Physics and Advisory Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai (India); Watanabe, S.; Gundu Rao, T.K. [Institute of Physics, University of Sao Paulo, 05508-090 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Kulkarni, M.S.; Babu, D.A.R. [Radiological Physics and Advisory Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai (India)

    2015-11-15

    Terbium doped lithium magnesium borate phosphor exhibits thermoluminescence (TL) peaks at about 140 °C, 200 °C, 225 °C and 370 °C. The phosphor was characterized by X-ray powder diffraction and photoluminescence studies. Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) studies were carried out to identify the defect centres responsible for the TL peaks. Room temperature ESR spectrum of irradiated phosphor appears to be a superposition of two distinct centres. One of the centres (centre I) with principal g-value 2.0108 is identified as an O{sup −} ion and the centre correlates with the TL peak at 200 °C. Centre II with an isotropic g-factor 2.0029 is assigned to an F{sup +}-type centre (singly ionized oxygen vacancy) and is the likely recombination centre for the TL peaks at 200 °C and 225 °C. An additional defect centre is observed during thermal annealing experiments and this centre (assigned to F{sup +} centre) seems to originate from an F centre (oxygen vacancy with two electrons). This F centre may be related to the observed high temperature 370 °C TL peak in LiMgBO{sub 3}:Tb phosphor. - Highlights: • Powder phosphor of LiMgBO{sub 3}:Tb{sup 3+} was prepared by solid state diffusion method. • The phosphor exhibits a dominant emission at 545 nm ({sup 5}D{sub 4}→{sup 7}F{sub 5}) of the Tb{sup 3+} ion. • Electron Spin Resonance studies have been carried out to identify the defect centres responsible for the observed thermoluminescence peaks.

  17. Spectroscopic Properties of Nd3+-Doped High Silica Glass Prepared by Sintering Porous Glass

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    A new kind of Nd3+-doped high silica glass (SiO2>96% (mass fraction)) was obtained by sintering porous glass impregnated with Nd3+ ions. The absorption and luminescence properties of high silica glass doped with different Nd3+ concentrations were studied. The intensity parameters Ωt (t=2, 4, 6), spontaneous emission probability, fluorescence lifetime, radiative quantum efficiency, fluorescence branching ratio, and stimulated emission cross section were calculated using the Judd-Ofelt theory. The optimal Nd3+ concentration in high silica glass was 0.27% (mole fraction) because of its high quantum efficiency and emission intensity. By comparing the spectroscopic parameters with other Nd3+-doped oxide glasses and commercial silicate glasses, the Nd3+-doped high silica glasses are likely to be a promising material used for high power and high repetition rate lasers.

  18. Spectroscopic properties of highly Nd-doped lead phosphate glass

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The spectroscopic characteristics of highly Nd3+-doped lead phosphate glasses (xNd:Pb3(PO4)2) have been investigated. The X-ray spectra show that the matrices are glassy up to 25 wt% of Nd3+ doping. From the Judd–Ofelt analysis we observe that while the Ω(2) parameter remains constant indicating that the 4fN and 4fN−15 d1 configurations are not affected by the Nd3+ doping, the behavior of both Ω(4) and Ω(6) changes for 15 wt% of Nd3+ doping. The reduction of the Ω(6) parameter is related to the increase of the covalence bonding between the ligands and the Nd3+ ions. At this particular concentration, the radiative lifetime has a four-fold enhancement. Such behaviors are likely to be related to a modification in the glass structure for high Nd3+ concentrations. - Graphical abstract: Highly doped lead-phosphate glass matrix, with nominal concentration of up to 25 wt%, maintain the spectroscopic properties without deterioration. The analysis concerning the point of view of Nd3+ ions showed that high concentrations only affects the rare earth electronic charge density distribution. - Highlights: • Spectroscopic characterization of Nd2O3 highly doped lead phosphate glasses. • Phosphate glass doped with Nd3+ for applications in photonic devices. • Judd–Ofelt analysis in phosphate glasses doped with Neodymium

  19. Poling-assisted bleaching of metal-doped nanocomposite glass

    OpenAIRE

    Deparis, O.; Kazansky, P. G.; Abdolvand, A.; Podlipensky, A.; Seifert, G.; Graener, H

    2004-01-01

    Thermal poling of soda-lime glass which was doped with spherical or ellipsoidal silver nanoparticles has revealed what we believe to be a phenomenon of general interest in the physics of nanocomposite materials: The field-assisted dissolution of metal nanoparticles embedded in glass. Macroscopically, this phenomenon manifested itself as poling-assisted bleaching of the glass in the sense that the glass became more (or even completely) transparent under the anode. The phenomenon is physically ...

  20. Synthesis and photoluminescence properties of Pb2+ doped inorganic borate phosphor NaSr4(BO3)3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauhan, A. O.; Koparkar, K. A.; Bajaj, N. S.; Omanwar, S. K.

    2016-05-01

    A series of Inorganic borate phosphors NaSr4(BO3)3 doped with Pb2+ was successfully synthesized by modified solid state diffusion method. The crystal structure and the phase purity of sample were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD). The photoluminescence properties of synthesized materials were investigated using spectrofluorometer at room temperature. The phosphor show strong broad band emission spectra in UVA region maximum at 370 nm under the excitation of 289 nm. The dependence of the emission intensity on the Pb2+ concentration for the NaSr4(BO3)3 were studied in details. The concentration quenching of Pb2+ doped NaSr4(BO3)3 was observed at 0.02 mol. The Stokes shifts of NaSr4(BO3)3: Pb2+ phosphor was calculated to be 7574 cm-1.

  1. Effect of Co(2+) and Ni(2+)-doped zinc borate nano crystalline powders by co-precipitation method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shim, Jaesool; Venkata Reddy, Ch; Sarma, G V S S; Narayana Murthy, P; Ravikumar, R V S S N

    2015-05-01

    A simple co-precipitation method has been used for the synthesis of Co(2+) and Ni(2+)-doped zinc borate nanopowders. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), UV/Vis absorption, Scanning electron microscope (SEM) with EDS and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopies techniques has been employed for their characterization. Powder X-ray diffraction data reveals that the crystal structure belongs to monoclinic for both as-prepared samples. SEM images showed surface morphology of the prepared samples. Optical absorption spectra showed the characteristic bands of doped ions in octahedral site symmetry. From the optical absorption data crystal field and inter-electronic repulsion parameters are evaluated. The FT-IR spectra showed the characteristic vibrational bands related to ZnO, BO3 and BO4 molecules. Photoluminescence spectra exhibited the emission bands in ultraviolet and blue regions. PMID:25706597

  2. Effect of Co2+ and Ni2+-doped zinc borate nano crystalline powders by co-precipitation method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shim, Jaesool; Venkata Reddy, Ch.; Sarma, G. V. S. S.; Narayana Murthy, P.; Ravikumar, R. V. S. S. N.

    2015-05-01

    A simple co-precipitation method has been used for the synthesis of Co2+ and Ni2+-doped zinc borate nanopowders. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), UV/Vis absorption, Scanning electron microscope (SEM) with EDS and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopies techniques has been employed for their characterization. Powder X-ray diffraction data reveals that the crystal structure belongs to monoclinic for both as-prepared samples. SEM images showed surface morphology of the prepared samples. Optical absorption spectra showed the characteristic bands of doped ions in octahedral site symmetry. From the optical absorption data crystal field and inter-electronic repulsion parameters are evaluated. The FT-IR spectra showed the characteristic vibrational bands related to ZnO, BO3 and BO4 molecules. Photoluminescence spectra exhibited the emission bands in ultraviolet and blue regions.

  3. Preparation and properties of scintillating glass doped with organic activators

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Dong-mei; LUO Fa; ZHAO Hong-sheng; ZHOU Wan-cheng

    2006-01-01

    A series of scintillating glasses were developed by doping organic activators into low melting temperature glasses according to different ratios. The fluorescence spectra and the transmission spectra of some scintillating glasses were explored and the actual concentration organic in scintillating glass was estimated. The results show that it is feasible to prepare the scintillating glass by doing organic scintillating activators into the low-melting glasses. There are two main reasons for the weak optical properties of the scintillation glasses: one is that the actual concentration of organic activators doped in the glasses is very low,and the other is the existence of lots of defects formed in the scintillating glasses due to the evaporation of organic activator,lowering the transmission of glasses. The fluorescence emission peaks of the glasses move to a longer wavelength compared with those in organic matrixes. To increase the light output of the glass,the optical transmittance of the glasses must be improved and the concentration of activators in the glasses must be increased.

  4. Electrical, dielectric and structural properties of borovanadate glass systems doped with samarium oxide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Graca, M.P.F.; Nico, C.; Soares, R.; Costa, L.C.; Valente, M.A. [Physics Department, I3N, Aveiro University, Campus Universitario de Santiago, Aveiro (Portugal); Fawzy, H.; Badr, Y. [Laser Science and Interactions Department, National Institute of Laser Enhanced Science, NILES, Cairo University (Egypt); Elokr, M.M. [Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Al Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo (Egypt)

    2011-11-15

    Glasses doped with rare earth (RE) ions are widely studied due to the numerous applications of these systems (active media for solid state lasers, optical telecommunication, non-linear optical materials, electro-optic devices, etc.). Boron trioxide, B{sub 2}O{sub 3}, is a known glass forming oxide with a relative low melting temperature. The addition of a transition metal oxide, such as V{sub 2}O{sub 5}, promotes the exhibition of semiconducting properties making these promising systems for several technological applications, such that ones involved in solar energy conversion devices. It is known that alkali borovanadate glasses, like alkali borate glasses themselves, are ionically conducting materials. Despite their importance there are only few studies on these glasses reported on literature. Thus, the alkali-borovanadate glass system constitutes a family with high interest from the electrical and dielectric point of view. The effect of the increment of alkali quantity in the electrical and dielectric response of these glasses and the physical/structural explanation are questions which will be addressed. In this work, the transparent glass samples with molar composition 0.01Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3}-0.99[0.85B{sub 2}O{sub 3}-(0.15-x)Li{sub 2}O-xV{sub 2}O{sub 5}] with x = 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.35, 0.5 and 2 (mol%) were prepared by conventional melting technique. The prepared samples were fully characterized using different experimental techniques such as, differential thermal analysis (DTA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), electrical and dielectric measurements. The samples structure, electrical and dielectric properties as a function of vanadium ions content was explored and discussed (copyright 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim) (orig.)

  5. Monolithic Rare Earth Doped PTR Glass Laser Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The main goal of the project is to demonstrate the feasibility of a monolithic solid state laser on the basis of PTR glass co-doped with luminescent rare earth...

  6. Luminescence properties of manganese doped zinc-borates with different structure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A study was made on spectral-luminescent characteristics of zinc-borates with different structure, activated by Mn2+ ions, as well as on prospects of their practical use in gas-discharge indication panels (GIP). Spectral characteristics of zinc metaborate Zn4O(BO2)6 and zinc orthoborate Zn3(BO3)2 under VUV-excitation were investigated. The presented spectral-luminescent characteristics of zinc-borates, activated by Mn2 ions, testify to the promising character of their use in GIP

  7. Structural studies of some phospho-borate glasses using ultrasonic pulse-echo technique, DSC and IR spectroscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaafar, M.S., E-mail: mohamed_s_gaafar@hotmail.co [Ultrasonic Laboratory, National Institute for Standards, Tersa Street, P.O. Box 136, El-Haram, El-Giza 12211 (Egypt); Afifi, H.A. [Ultrasonic Laboratory, National Institute for Standards, Tersa Street, P.O. Box 136, El-Haram, El-Giza 12211 (Egypt); Mekawy, M.M. [Thermometry Laboratory, National Institute for Standards, Tersa Street, P.O. Box 136, El-Haram, El-Giza 12211 (Egypt)

    2009-06-01

    Glasses in the system (95-x) [0.25 Na{sub 2}O-0.75 B{sub 2}O{sub 3}]-x P{sub 2}O{sub 5}-5 Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} (0<=x<=15 mol%), have been prepared by the melt quenching technique. Elastic properties and FT-IR spectroscopic studies have been employed to study the role of P{sub 2}O{sub 5} on the structure of the glass system. Elastic properties Poisson's ratio, micro-hardness and Debye temperature have been investigated using sound wave velocity measurements at 4 MHz (both longitudinal and shear) at room temperature. The results showed that the density and the molar volume increase as both sound velocities and the determined glass transition temperatures decrease with increasing the contents of P{sub 2}O{sub 5}. Infrared spectra of the glasses reveal that the borate network consists of diborate units and is affected by the increase in the concentration of P{sub 2}O{sub 5} content as a second network former. These results are interpreted in terms of the replacement of the diborate units with B-O-B bridges by phosphate units with non-bridging oxygens (NBOs). Therefore, the elastic moduli are observed to decrease with the increase in P{sub 2}O{sub 5} content.

  8. Structural studies of some phospho-borate glasses using ultrasonic pulse-echo technique, DSC and IR spectroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Glasses in the system (95-x) [0.25 Na2O-0.75 B2O3]-x P2O5-5 Fe2O3 (0≤x≤15 mol%), have been prepared by the melt quenching technique. Elastic properties and FT-IR spectroscopic studies have been employed to study the role of P2O5 on the structure of the glass system. Elastic properties Poisson's ratio, micro-hardness and Debye temperature have been investigated using sound wave velocity measurements at 4 MHz (both longitudinal and shear) at room temperature. The results showed that the density and the molar volume increase as both sound velocities and the determined glass transition temperatures decrease with increasing the contents of P2O5. Infrared spectra of the glasses reveal that the borate network consists of diborate units and is affected by the increase in the concentration of P2O5 content as a second network former. These results are interpreted in terms of the replacement of the diborate units with B-O-B bridges by phosphate units with non-bridging oxygens (NBOs). Therefore, the elastic moduli are observed to decrease with the increase in P2O5 content.

  9. Effect of zinc-borate glass addition on the thermal properties of the cordierite/Al2O3 composites containing nano-sized spinel crystal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jo, Sinae; Kang, Seunggu

    2013-11-01

    Low-melting zinc-borate glass was added to the cordierite/Al2O3 composite in order to improve the sintering facility of Al2O3 and formation of nano-sized spinel crystal of high thermal conductivity. Increasing the ZnO/B2O3 ratio in the zinc-borate glass increased the ZnAl2O4 spinel and decreased the Al4B2O9 crystal peak intensities in X-ray diffraction pattern. The XRD peak intensities of the ZnAl2O4 spinel and Al4B2O9 crystals in the specimen containing 10 wt% zinc-borate glass (10G series) are higher than that of the specimen containing 5 wt% zinc-borate glass (5G series). The microstructures of most 10G series specimens had the flower-shaped crystal which was composed of 50 nm wide and 250 nm long needle-like crystals and identified as ZnAl2O4 spinel phase. The thermal conductivity of the 10G series specimen was higher than that of the 5G series in any ZnO/B2O3 ratio due to the formation of plenty of nano-sized ZnAl2O4 spinel of high thermal conductivity. Particularly, the thermal conductivity of the cordierite/Al2O3 composite containing 10 wt% zinc-borate glass of ZnO/B2O3 weight ratio = 1.5 was 3.8 W/Km which is much higher than that of the published value (3.0 W/Km). PMID:24245313

  10. Photostimulated luminescence from BaCl2:Eu2+ nanocrystals in lithium borate glasses following neutron irradiation

    OpenAIRE

    Appleby, G.A.; Edgar, A.; Williams, G. V. M.; Bos, A.J.J.

    2006-01-01

    A glass-ceramic thermal neutron imaging plate material is reported. The material consists of a neutron sensitive 2B2O3–Li2O glass matrix containing nanocrystallites of the storage phosphor BaCl2:Eu2+. When doped with 0.5 mol % Eu2+, the neutron induced photostimulated luminescence (PSL) conversion efficiency of the 10B enriched glass-ceramic is around 60% of that a commercial neutron imaging plate, while the γ sensitivity is an order of magnitude lower than that of the commercial plate. A Eu2...

  11. Study on borate glass system containing with Bi 2O 3 and BaO for gamma-rays shielding materials: Comparison with PbO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaewkhao, J.; Pokaipisit, A.; Limsuwan, P.

    2010-04-01

    In this work, the mass attenuation coefficients and shielding parameters of borate glass matrices containing with Bi 2O 3 and BaO have been investigated at 662 keV, and compare with PbO in same glass structure. The theoretical values were calculated by WinXCom software and compare with experiential data. The results found that the mass attenuation coefficients were increased with increasing of Bi 2O 3, BaO and PbO concentration, due to increase photoelectric absorption of all glass samples. However, Compton scattering gives dominant contribution to the total mass attenuation coefficients for studied glass samples. Moreover the half value layers (HVL) of glass samples were also better than ordinary concretes and commercial window glass. These results reflecting that the Bi-based glass can use replace Pb in radiation shielding glass. In the case of Ba, may be can use at appropriate energy such as X-rays or lower.

  12. RPL in alpha particle irradiated Ag+-doped phosphate glass

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of this study is to investigate the emission mechanism of radiophotoluminescence (RPL) in the Ag+-doped phosphate glass (glass dosimeter), which is now used as individual radiation dosimeter, because the emission mechanism of RPL in glass dosimeter has been not fully understood. We have investigated the assignments and characteristics of the X-ray induced color centers in the Ag+-doped phosphate glass up to now (Miyamoto et al., 2010). Optical properties such as optical absorption spectra related with alpha-particles and X-rays irradiation were measured for commercially available glass dosimeter. In this study optical properties such as optical absorption spectrum as a function of alpha-particles and X-rays irradiation were measured for commercially available glass dosimeter. Comparison of the RPL in Ag+-doped phosphate glass irradiated with alpha-particles and X-rays is discussed. - Highlights: • A Yellow and blue emission are included in the RPL of Ag+-doped phosphate glass. • The ratio of yellow and blue emission was different between alpha and X-ray irradiation. • RPL emission intensity increased in an atmosphere below room temperature

  13. Nitrogen doped germania glasses with enhanced optical and mechanical properties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Storgaard-Larsen, Torben; Poulsen, Christian; Leistiko, Otto

    1997-01-01

    A new type of ultraviolet photosensitive germanium doped glass has been developed for use in the fabrication of optical waveguide structures. By adding ammonia to the source gases during a plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition of these glasses, ultraviolet induced refractive index changes of up...

  14. Thermal, structural and optical properties of Eu3+-doped zinc-tellurite glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Europium doped zinc-tellurite glasses modified with LiF, Na2O + Li2O and Na2O + Li2 O + Nb2O5 were prepared by the conventional melting procedure and their thermal, structural and optical properties were investigated. Differential thermal analysis curves in the temperature range 30-1200 deg. C at a heating rate of 10 deg. C min-1 were used to determine the thermal properties such as glass transition, crystallization and melting temperature. FT-IR spectra were used to analyse the glass structure. The spectroscopic properties including absorption and emission spectra and fluorescence lifetime of Eu3+ ions were measured. A strong red fluorescence is observed from the 5 D0 level of Eu3+ ions in these glasses. The relative luminescence intensity ratio (R) of 5D0 → 7F2 to 5D0 → 7F1 transitions has been evaluated to estimate the local site symmetry around the Eu3+ ions. The emission spectra of these glasses show a complete removal of degeneracy for the 5 D0 → 7F1 transition of Eu3+ ions. Based on the energy level data obtained from the absorption and emission measurements, free-ion energy level analysis has been carried out. Second rank crystal-field parameters have been calculated together with the crystal-field strength parameter by assuming the C2v symmetry for the Eu3+ ions in these glasses. The crystal-field parameters are found to be higher in binary zinc-tellurite glasses. The trend of variation of crystal-field strength with glass composition is found to be more or less opposite to that of R in the present glasses. The effect of temperature on the luminescence from 5D1 level is studied. The decay from the 5D0 level is found to be exponential and the lifetime is shorter than those found in Eu3+-doped borate, phosphate and fluoride based glasses

  15. Photoannealing of radiation induced colour centers in sodium borate glasses with group 2B-5B metal oxides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using the methods of microsecond pulse radiolysis (PR), optical and ESR-spectroscopy, the processes of photoannealing of radiation induced colour centres (RICC) on the basis of metal ions in unstable oxidation states (MIUOS) in 2S1/2 electron state in sodium-borate glasses (SBG) in a wide time range have been investigated. Absorption spectra of the RICC are determined. It is shown that the effectiveness of RICC destruction depends both on the intensity and spectral composition of the affecting light. It is ascertained that the energy of optical transitions in the maxima of absorption bands (AB) and effectiveness of MIUOS destruction with an increase in the oxidation degree of ions Z decrease regularly in isoelectron series

  16. Photoannealing of radiation color centers in sodium borate glasses with oxides of metals from groups IIB-VB

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The processes resulting in the photoannealing of radiation color centers based on ions of metals in unstable oxidation states in the 2S1/2 electronic state in sodium borate glasses have been investigated by microsecond pulse radiolysis, optical spectroscopy, and ESR spectroscopy over a broad range of times. The absorption spectra of these radiation color centers have been determined. It has been shown that the efficiency of the destruction of the radiation color centers depends both on the intensity and on the spectroscopic composition of the light used. It has been established that the energy of the optical transitions at the maxima of the absorption bands and the efficiency of the destruction of the metal ions in unstable oxidation states undergo regular decreases along isoelectronic series as the oxidation number of the ions Z is increased

  17. Orange emission in Pr3+-doped fluoroindate glasses

    CERN Document Server

    Manzani, Danilo; Ribeiro, Sidney J L; Goldner, Philippe; Bretenaker, Fabien

    2012-01-01

    We synthesize and study the properties of praseodymium doped fluoroindate glasses. Glass compositions with praseodymium molar concentrations up to 5% were obtained with good optical quality. Thermal, optical, and luminescence properties are investigated. Judd-Ofelt analysis is used to determine radiative lifetime and emission cross-section of the orange transition originating from the 3P0 level. We find that these glasses are good candidates for the realization of blue diode laser pumped orange lasers for quantum information processing applications.

  18. Structure Characterization of F-doped Silica Glass

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIE Junlin; DENG Tao; TU Feng; LUO Jie; HAN Qingrong

    2009-01-01

    Pure and fluorine-doped silica glass were fabricated by plasma chemical vapour deposition (PCVD) and characterized using Raman and infrared spectrum. The change in Raman in-tensity of 945 cm-1 peak, relating to ≡Si-F stretching vibration, agrees with the change of F content. Compared with measured wavenumber in IR spectrum, the calculated absorption wavelength confirms the incorporation form of F into the glass, the detail of which is a tetrahedron with a Si atom in the center coupled with one F atom and three network O atoms. Such structure identification may be useful for explaining some properties of F-doping silica glass.

  19. Spectroscopic properties of highly Nd-doped lead phosphate glass

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Novais, A.L.F. [Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Grupo de Fotônica e Fluidos Complexos, 57072-970 Maceió, AL (Brazil); Dantas, N.O. [Laboratório de Novos Materiais Isolantes e Semicondutores (LNMIS), Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, 38400-902 Uberlândia, MG (Brazil); Guedes, I. [Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal do Ceará, Campus do PICI, Caixa Postal 6030, 60455-760 Fortaleza, CE (Brazil); Vermelho, M.V.D., E-mail: vermelho@fis.ufal.br [Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Grupo de Fotônica e Fluidos Complexos, 57072-970 Maceió, AL (Brazil)

    2015-11-05

    The spectroscopic characteristics of highly Nd{sup 3+}-doped lead phosphate glasses (xNd:Pb{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 2}) have been investigated. The X-ray spectra show that the matrices are glassy up to 25 wt% of Nd{sup 3+} doping. From the Judd–Ofelt analysis we observe that while the Ω{sub (2)} parameter remains constant indicating that the 4f{sup N} and 4f{sup N−1}5 d{sup 1} configurations are not affected by the Nd{sup 3+} doping, the behavior of both Ω{sub (4)} and Ω{sub (6)} changes for 15 wt% of Nd{sup 3+} doping. The reduction of the Ω{sub (6)} parameter is related to the increase of the covalence bonding between the ligands and the Nd{sup 3+} ions. At this particular concentration, the radiative lifetime has a four-fold enhancement. Such behaviors are likely to be related to a modification in the glass structure for high Nd{sup 3+} concentrations. - Graphical abstract: Highly doped lead-phosphate glass matrix, with nominal concentration of up to 25 wt%, maintain the spectroscopic properties without deterioration. The analysis concerning the point of view of Nd{sup 3+} ions showed that high concentrations only affects the rare earth electronic charge density distribution. - Highlights: • Spectroscopic characterization of Nd{sub 2}O{sub 3} highly doped lead phosphate glasses. • Phosphate glass doped with Nd{sup 3+} for applications in photonic devices. • Judd–Ofelt analysis in phosphate glasses doped with Neodymium.

  20. Photon-conversion and sensitization evaluation of Eu³⁺ in a borate glass system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Y M; Shen, L F; Pun, E Y B; Lin, H

    2016-02-20

    Photon conversion is exhibited in a borate (LKZBSB) glass system containing Eu(3+), and the enhanced characteristic emissions of Eu(3+) with the codoping of Ce(3+) have been verified. A large Judd-Ofelt intensity parameter Ω2 of Eu(3+) indicates a high asymmetrical and strong covalent environment around rare-earth (RE) ions in LKZBSB glasses and spontaneous emission probability and a maximum emission cross section of the dominant 5D0→7F2 transition were derived to be 370  s(-1) and 1.28×10(-21)  cm2, respectively, revealing the potential UV→visible photon-conversion capacity of Eu(3+). Absolutely quantitative evaluation illustrates that Eu(3+) is a favorable photon-conversion center to achieve high photon-conversion efficiency. The addition of Ce(3+) is beneficial to realizing effective red emission of Eu(3+), which possesses commercial value by decreasing the dopant of expensive europium compounds. As an expectation, this photon-conversion LKZBSB glass system can promote the development of a photon downconversion layer for solar cells, which are particularly used in outer space with intense UV radiation. PMID:26906599

  1. Gain Characteristics of Er3+-Doped Phosphate Glass Fibres

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Shan-Hui; YANG Zhong-Min; ZHANG Qin-Yuan; DENG Zai-De; JIANG Zhong-Hong

    2006-01-01

    @@ An erbium-doped phosphate glass fibre has been drawn by the rod-in-tube technique in our laboratory. The gain for the Er3+-doped phosphate glass fibre with different pump powers and with different input signal wavelengths is investigated. The 2.2-cm-long fibre, pumped by a single-mode 980-nm fibre-pigtailed laser diode, can provide a net gain per unit length greater than 1.8dB/cm. The pump threshold is about 50mW at the wavelength of 1534nm, and below 70mW at 1550nm. The gain linewidth of the Er3+-doped phosphate glass fibre is greater than 34 nm and can cover the C band in optical communication networks.

  2. Effect of mixed transition metal ions on DC conductivity in lithium bismuth borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The DC conductivities of glasses having composition x(2NiO·V2O5)·(30-x)Li2O·20Bi2O3·50B2O3 (with x=0, 2, 5, 7 and 10, i.e. NVLBB glasses) and glass samples having composition 7NiO·23 Li2O·20Bi2O3·50B2O3 and 7V2O5·23Li2O·20Bi2O3·50B2O3 (NLBB and VLBB respectively) are investigated as a function of temperature. Conductivity for glasses containing higher percentage of lithium ions is predominantly ionic and in glasses containing higher percentage of transition metal (TM) ions is predominantly electronic. The observed increase in conductivity with x and peak-like behavior at x=7 in NVLBB glasses due to competitive transport of small polaron contributing to a significant structural change in NVLBB glasses. Variation of molar volume and density was also observed with x. In NVLBB glasses, as x increases density increases except a slight decrease at x=7. Also density increases in NLBB whereas in case of VLBB it decreases in comparison to NVLBB1 glass composition. Mott’s small polaron hopping (SPH) model has been applied to analyze the high temperature conductivity data and activation energy

  3. Physical study of Sm{sup 3+} doped borochromate glass system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tawfik, Wael Z., E-mail: drwael_7@yahoo.ca [Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef (Egypt); Mahdy, M.M.; Elfayoumi, M.A.K. [Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef (Egypt); Elokr, M.M. [Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Cairo (Egypt)

    2011-10-13

    Graphical abstract: Highlights: > The borate glass was used as a host for samarium and chromium oxides. > X-ray diffraction reveals the absence of any diffraction peaks. > The density of the samples and the molar volume exhibit opposite behavior. > IR spectra indicate that both Sm and Cr have minor effect on the boron structural units. > No ESR signals were observed for Cr-free sample. - Abstract: Sm{sup 3+} doped borochromate glasses of composition [xSm{sub 2}O{sub 3}-74.5B{sub 2}O{sub 3}-25Li{sub 2}O-(0.5 - x)Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3}] with x = 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5 mol% have been prepared by conventional quenching melting method. The XRD profile confirm the amorphous nature of the glass samples. The density measurements were made using Archimedes' principle of the prepared samples. Molar volume V{sub M}, rare-earth ion concentration N and ionic radius r{sub p} as well as field strength F have been estimated from the density measurements. The average optical basicity, {Lambda}{sub th}, electronegativity {chi}{sub 2av} and electronic polarizability {alpha}{sup 2-} were calculated for the prepared glass samples. Influence of rare earth ions on structural behavior in borochromate glasses have been investigated using infrared spectroscopy (IR). The structural changes have been analyzed with increasing rare earth concentration. Partial BO{sub 3} {r_reversible} BO{sub 4} conversion as a function of rare earth concentration was observed. From the relative peak areas of BO{sub 3} and BO{sub 4} in structural groups the ratio N{sub 4} has been calculated. ESR spectra were recorded at room temperature. The obtain ESR signals were used to estimate the paramagnetic susceptibility ({chi}).

  4. Optical phase conjugation in semiconductor-doped glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roussignol, P.; Ricard, D.; Rustagi, K. C.; Flytzanis, C.

    1985-08-01

    We have studied optical phase conjugation in two types of semiconductor-doped glasses. Corning 3.68 and Schott OG 530 at λ = 0.532 μm using picosecond pulses. We observe a slow nonlinearity in agreement with the slow decay of luminescence. The saturation of the reflectivity is strongly correlated with the absorption saturation of these glasses and may be interpreted in terms of a three-level system model.

  5. Fluorescence properties of Eu3+-doped alumino silicate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrmann, Andreas; Kuhn, Stefan; Tiegel, Mirko; Rüssel, Christian

    2014-11-01

    Alumino silicate glasses of a very broad range of molar compositions doped with 1 ṡ 1020 Eu3+ cm-3 (about 0.2 mol% Eu2O3) were prepared. As network modifier oxides Li2O, Na2O, K2O, MgO, CaO, SrO, BaO, ZnO, PbO, Y2O3 and La2O3 have been used. All glasses show relatively broad fluorescence excitation and emission spectra. For most glasses only a weak effect of the glass composition on the excitation and emission spectra is observed. Although the glasses should be structurally similar, notable differences are found for the fluorescence lifetimes. These increase steadily with decreasing mean atomic weight, decreasing refractive index and decreasing optical basicity of the glasses, which may be explained by local field effects. An exception from this rule are the strontium, barium and potassium containing glasses, which show significantly increased fluorescence lifetimes despite of their high refractive index, optical basicity and molecular weight. The non mono-exponential fluorescence decay curves as well as the fluorescence spectra indicate a massive change in the local surroundings of the doped rare earth ions for these glasses.

  6. White light generation from Dy3+ doped tellurite glass

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damak, Kamel; Yousef, El Sayed; Rüssel, Christian; Maâlej, Ramzi

    2014-02-01

    This paper reports on the spectral results of Dy3+ (1.0 mol%) ions-doped TeO2-ZnO-PbO-PbF2-Na2O (TZPPN) glass. Raman spectrum measurements, differential thermal analysis (DTA) profiles of this rare-earth ion-doped glass were carried out. From the DTA thermogram, glass transition (Tg), crystallization (Tc) and melting (Tm) temperatures were evaluated. Direct and indirect optical band gaps were calculated based on the glasses UV absorption spectra. From the absorption spectra, Judd-Ofelt (J-O) intensity parameters, Ωk, were calculated. Using J-O intensity parameters, several radiative properties such as spontaneous transition probabilities (AR), radiative branching ratios (βR) and radiative lifetimes (τR) were determined for the excitation level 4F9/2. From the emission spectra, a strong yellow emission at 574 nm (4F9/2→6H13/2) was observed and it also showed a combination of blue and red emission bands for this glass. The stimulated emission cross-section σ(λp) was also evaluated for the 4F9/2→6HJ (J=11/2, 13/2, and 15/2) transitions. This study indicates that 1 mol% Dy2O3-doped tellurite glass can be considered for white light generation with the excitation of blue light (454 nm).

  7. Stability and electronic properties of groups IIB to VB metal ions in unusual oxidation states and the 2S /SUB 1/2/ electronic state in lithium borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors study lithium borate glasses containing groups IIB to VB metal oxides. Chemically pure reagents were used to synthesize the glasses which were subjected to gamma-rays at 77 and 300 K with doses of up to 100 kR. The EST spectra were recorded on a Varian E-12 spectrometer in the 3 cm CW frequency region with a 100 kHz magnetic field modulation. It was established that after gamma-irradiation at 77 and 300 K of the lithium borate glass system containing up to 10% of cadmium, tin, thalium, and lead oxides, additional ESR lines arise in the free electron g factor region. The authors have determined the missing ESR spectra for nonactivated lithium borate glasses by studying glasses with additions of Zn, Ge, and Sb oxides

  8. Nd3+ Doped Silicate Glass Photonic Crystal Fibres

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Lu-Yun; CHEN Dan-Ping; XIA Jin-An; WANG Chen; JIANG Xiong-Wei; ZHU Cong-Shan; QIU Jian-Rong

    2005-01-01

    @@ We report on the fabrication of two kinds of large core area Nd3+ doped silicate glass photonic crystal fibres, and demonstration of the fibre waveguiding properties. The measured minimum loss of one kind ofibres is 2.5 db/m at 660nm. The fibres sustain only a single mode at least over the wavelength range from 660nm to 980nm.

  9. Spectral studies (Judd-Ofelt theory) of Er3+ in zinc bismuth borate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pal, I.; Agarwal, A.; Sanghi, S.; Aggarwal, M. P.

    2011-12-01

    Glasses with compositions 20ZnO.xBi2O3.(79.5-x)B2O3 (x = 25, 30, 35 mol%) containing 0.5 mol% of Er3+ ions were prepared by melt-quench technique (1150 °C in air). The spectroscopic properties of the glasses were investigated using optical absorption spectra and fluorescence spectra. The Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters Ωλ (λ = 2,4,6) were determined from the spectral intensities of absorption bands in order to calculate the spectroscopic properties of the prepared glass samples. All intensity parameters (Ωλ) decrease with increase in Bi2O3 content and the effect is found to be most pronounced for Ω2 values.

  10. Spectroscopic properties of lead fluoroborate glasses doped with ytterbium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kassab, L; Tatumi, S; Morais, A; Courrol, L; Wetter, N; Salvador, V

    2001-05-01

    A new lead fluoroborate glass (PbO-PbF2-B2O3) doped with ytterbium (Yb:PbFB) is presented. Samples with different concentrations of Yb3+ were produced and had their emission cross-sections, fluorescence lifetimes and minimum pump intensities determined. They have high refractive index of 2.2 and a density of 4.4 g/cm3. For a doping level of 1.153x1020 ions/cm3, the fluorescence lifetime, after excitation at 968 nm, is 0.81 ms, which is comparable to Yb:tellurite laser glass. Also, an emission band at 1022 nm is measured with emission cross-section of approximately 1.07x10-20 cm2 and fluorescence effective linewidth of 60 nm, which is comparable to Yb:phosphate laser glass. PMID:19417856

  11. Optical properties of Ho3+-doped novel oxyfluoride glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Novel oxyfluoride glasses SiO2-Al2O3-Na2O-ZnF2 doped with Ho3+ and Ho3+/Yb3+ were fabricated. The optical properties of the synthesized glasses were experimentally and theoretically investigated in detail. The experimental and calculated oscillator strengths of Ho3+ were determined by measurement of absorption spectrum of Ho3+-singly doped glass. According to the Judd-Ofelt theory, the Judd-Ofelt parameters were calculated, by which the radiative transition probabilities, fluorescence branching ratios and radiative lifetimes were obtained. Visible upconversion luminescence was observed under 980 nm diode laser excitation and the influence of Yb3+ concentration on the emission bands were also investigated. The dependence of the upconversion emission intensity upon the excitation power was examined, and the upconversion mechanisms were discussed

  12. Synthesis and photocatalytic properties of α-ZnWO4 nanocrystals in tungsten zinc borate glasses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatsuya Ida

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Tungsten oxide (WO3-containing glasses of WO3–ZnO–B2O3 were prepared using a conventional melt quenching method, and α-ZnWO4 nanocrystals were synthesized through the crystallization of glasses. A glass with the composition of 20WO3–50ZnO–30B2O3 showed the bulk crystallization of α-ZnWO4 nanocrystals with a diameter of ∼10 nm. Broad and asymmetric emission peaks were observed at the wavelength of λ ∼ 475 nm, i.e., blue emissions, in the photoluminescence spectra for the samples with α-ZnWO4 nanocrystals. From the degradation of the intensity of optical absorption under ultraviolet light (λ = 254 nm irradiations for the solution consisting of crystallized particles with α-ZnWO4 nanocrystals and methylene blue, it was clarified that α-ZnWO4 nanocrystals formed have photocatalytic activities. The formation of α-ZnWO4 nanocrystals is discussed from the viewpoint of the glass-forming tendency.

  13. Effect of substituting iron on structural, thermal and dielectric properties of lithium borate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dalal, Seema [Physics Department, Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram University of Science & Technology, Murthal 131039 (India); Physics Department, Baba Mast Nath University, Asthal Bohr 124001 (India); Khasa, S., E-mail: skhasa@yahoo.com [Physics Department, Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram University of Science & Technology, Murthal 131039 (India); Dahiya, M.S. [Physics Department, Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram University of Science & Technology, Murthal 131039 (India); Agarwal, A. [Applied Physics Department, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Hisar 125001 (India); Yadav, Arti [Physics Department, Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram University of Science & Technology, Murthal 131039 (India); Seth, V.P. [Retd Professor, Physics Department, Maharshi Dayanand University Rohtak 124001 (India); Dahiya, S. [Physics Department, Baba Mast Nath University, Asthal Bohr 124001 (India)

    2015-10-15

    Highlights: • There is increase in NBOs with iron content. • FTIR spectra supported the results predicted by density. • Glass stability has been examined. • Iron shows “blocking effect” on migration of mobile ions. • Internal Circuit varies with temperature and composition. - Abstract: Glasses with composition xFe{sub 2}O{sub 3}·(30 − x)Li{sub 2}O·70B{sub 2}O{sub 3} (x = 0, 2, 5, 7 and 10 mol%) were prepared via melt-quenching technique and their physical, thermal and dielectric properties are discussed. XRD was carried out to confirm the amorphous nature of prepared glasses. Density (ρ) and molar volume (V{sub m}) were found to increase with increase in Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} content. Infrared absorption spectra depicted that Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} is acting as a network modifier. DTA has been carried out to determine glass transition temperature (T{sub g}) and crystallization temperature (T{sub x}). Electrical properties have been studied using impedance spectroscopy and dc conductivity. The dc conductivity decreases and activation energy increases on replacing Li{sup +} ions with Fe{sup 3+}. The impedance measurements reveal that the total conductivity obeys Jonscher’s power law. Study of the equivalent circuit analysis up to a temperature of 523 K shows a significant change in the equivalent circuitry with change in temperature and composition.

  14. Quantum Dot-Doped Glasses and Fibers: Fabrication and Optical Properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guoping eDong

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Quantum dot-doped glasses have been the hotspot for their excellent electronic and optical properties. Owing to its tunable and broadband near-infrared (NIR emission by controlling the size and distribution of QDs, QD-doped glasses and fibers are potentially applied in photoelectric devices. In this review, we mainly introduce the preparation, tunable emission, and multi-wavelength optical amplification of QD-doped glasses. Due to their excellent optical performances, the fabrication of QD-doped glass fibers is also presented, containing the successful fabrication of QD-doped glass fibers with tunable NIR emission. Furthermore, the achievements and existing problems about QD-doped glasses and fibers are also proposed with several prospects. These QD-doped glasses and fibers show promising applications as the gain medium of NIR broadband fiber amplifiers and tunable fiber lasers.

  15. The effect of CuO and MgO impurities on the optical properties of lithium potassium borate glass

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yasser Saleh Mustafa Alajerami, E-mail: yasser_ajr@hotmail.com [Department of Physics, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor (Malaysia); Department of Medical Radiography, Al-Azhar University, Gaza Strip (Palestinian Territory, Occupied); Suhairul Hashim; Wan Muhamad Saridan Wan Hassan; Ahmad Termizi Ramli [Department of Physics, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor (Malaysia)

    2012-07-01

    Previous study proved the efficiency of copper as one of the most luminescent activators. In this work, Li{sub 2}CO{sub 3}-K{sub 2}CO{sub 3}-H{sub 3}BO{sub 3} (LKB) glasses co-doped with copper oxide (CuO) and magnesium oxide (MgO) have been prepared by chemical quenching technique. Two techniques have been applied to investigate the effect of co-dopants on the physical and optical properties of the new glass network. The X-ray Diffraction (XRD) results showed the amorphous nature of the sample. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra, energy band gap, density, ion concentration, molar volume, Polaron radius and inter-nuclear distance have been analyzed in the light of the different oxidation states of co-doped ions in the glass matrix. The exchange in the concentration of magnesium and copper ions illustrated the great effect of magnesium as a co-dopant on the Photoluminescence (PL) emission of LKB doped with copper oxide. Due to the change in the copper concentration, a broad green emission with intensity of around 300 (a.u) has been observed. Enhancement of about three times has been shown with the increment of 0.1 mol% of CuO and MgO as a co-dopant technique. It is well known that magnesium oxide alone does not show strong-luminescence, but during this increment, MgO acted as activator (co-dopant) for Cu ions. This enhancement may contribute to the energy transfer from Mg{sup 2+} ions to monovalent Cu{sup +} ion. The current results are discussed and compared with other related studies.

  16. Nanocrystallization in Yb3+-doped oxyfluoride glasses for laser cooling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kummara, Venkata Krishaniah; Ledemi, Yannick; Soares de Lima Filho, Elton; Messaddeq, Younes; Kashyap, Raman

    2015-03-01

    Glass-ceramics are composite materials consisting of crystals which are controllably grown within a glass matrix usually by applying an appropriate heat treatment. They possess outstanding optical properties with applications in solid state lasers, optical amplifiers, and now, laser induced cooling. For laser cooling, the material should exhibit specific properties like low phonon energy environment around the lanthanide ions, low background losses, high transparency and high photoluminescence quantum yield. In the present study, oxyfluoride glasses and ultra-transparent nano glassceramics doped with different concentrations (2, 5, 8, 12, 16 and 20 mol %) of Yb 3+ ions have been prepared by conventional melt-quenching and subsequent thermal treatments at different temperatures, respectively. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements have been performed to characterize the thermal properties of the glass and the structural changes in the glass-ceramics, respectively. The XRD patterns confirm the growth of β-PbF2 nanocrystals as well as progressive incorporation of Yb 3+ ions. This enhances the Yb 3+ ion emission intensity which depends on the doping concentration and ceramization temperatures. The size (20 nm) of the nanocrystallites was estimated from the Sherrer's formula and found to increase with increasing ceramization temperature, small enough to avoid scattering losses and ensure an excellent transparency of the glass-ceramics comparable with that of the parent glass. An enhancement of the luminescence properties of Yb 3+ ions surrounded by a crystalline low phonon environment is observed. Finally, the utilization of these heavily Yb 3+-doped ultra-transparent materials for laser cooling and solid state laser applications is discussed.

  17. γ-irradiation effect on the acoustical properties of zinc lead borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effect of γ-irradiation on the acoustical properties of xZnO.2xPbO.(1-3x)B2O3 glasses has been studied. Ultrasonic velocity and attenuation measurements have been made before and after γ-irradiation at room temperature in the frequency range 2.25-10 MHz. From the measured density and ultrasonic velocity data, the elastic moduli, Poisson's ratio and other parameters have been obtained. Changes in the acoustical properties are explained in terms of radiation-induced structural defects and the influence of PbO/ZnO in the glass network structure. (copyright 2005 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim) (orig.)

  18. Barium and calcium borate glasses as shielding materials for x rays and gamma rays

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Singh, H.; Singh, K.; Sharma, G.;

    2003-01-01

    Values of the gamma-ray, mass attenuation coefficient and the effective atomic number have been determined experimentally for xBaO.(1-x) B2O3 (x=0.24, 0.30, 0.34,0.40 and 0.44) and xCaO. (I-x)B2O3 (x=0.30 and 0.40) glasses at photon energies 356, 511, 662, 1173, and 1332 keV It is pointed out tha...

  19. Barium and calcium borate glasses as shielding materials for x rays and gamma rays

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Singh, H.; Singh, K.; Sharma, G.;

    2003-01-01

    Values of the gamma-ray, mass attenuation coefficient and the effective atomic number have been determined experimentally for xBaO.(1-x) B2O3 (x=0.24, 0.30, 0.34,0.40 and 0.44) and xCaO. (I-x)B2O3 (x=0.30 and 0.40) glasses at photon energies 356, 511, 662, 1173, and 1332 keV It is pointed out that...

  20. XRD and FTIR structural investigation of gadolinium-zinc-borate glass ceramics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borodi, G.; Pascuta, P.; Stefan, R.; Dan, V.; Pop, V.; Radulescu, D.

    2013-11-01

    X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy measurements have been employed to investigate the (Gd2O3)xṡ(B2O3)(60-x)ṡ(ZnO)40 glass ceramics system, with 0 ≤ x ≤ 15 mol%. After heat treatment applied at 860 °C for 2 h, some structural changes were observed and new crystalline phases appeared in the structure of the samples. In these glass ceramics four crystalline phases were identified using powder diffraction files (PDF 2), namely ZnB4O7, Zn4O(B6O12), Zn3(BO3)2 and GdBO3. From the XRD data, the average unit-cell parameter and the quantitative ratio of the crystallographic phases in the studied samples were evaluated. FTIR data revealed that the BO3, BO4 and ZnO4 are the main structural units of these glass ceramics network. The compositional dependence of the different structural units which appear in the studied samples was followed.

  1. XRD and FTIR structural investigation of gadolinium-zinc-borate glass ceramics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy measurements have been employed to investigate the (Gd2O3)x⋅(B2O3)(60−x)⋅(ZnO)40 glass ceramics system, with 0 ≤ x ≤ 15 mol%. After heat treatment applied at 860 °C for 2 h, some structural changes were observed and new crystalline phases appeared in the structure of the samples. In these glass ceramics four crystalline phases were identified using powder diffraction files (PDF 2), namely ZnB4O7, Zn4O(B6O12), Zn3(BO3)2 and GdBO3. From the XRD data, the average unit-cell parameter and the quantitative ratio of the crystallographic phases in the studied samples were evaluated. FTIR data revealed that the BO3, BO4 and ZnO4 are the main structural units of these glass ceramics network. The compositional dependence of the different structural units which appear in the studied samples was followed

  2. XRD and FTIR structural investigation of gadolinium-zinc-borate glass ceramics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Borodi, G. [National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, 65-103 Donath, 400293 Cluj-Napoca (Romania); Pascuta, P.; Dan, V.; Pop, V. [Technical University, 28 Memorandumului, 400114 Cluj-Napoca (Romania); Stefan, R. [Agricultural Science and Veterinary Medicine University, 3-5 Calea Manastur, 400372 Cluj-Napoca (Romania); Radulescu, D. [University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iuliu Hatieganu, 8 Victor Babes, 400012 Cluj-Napoca (Romania)

    2013-11-13

    X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy measurements have been employed to investigate the (Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}){sub x}⋅(B{sub 2}O{sub 3}){sub (60−x)}⋅(ZnO){sub 40} glass ceramics system, with 0 ≤ x ≤ 15 mol%. After heat treatment applied at 860 °C for 2 h, some structural changes were observed and new crystalline phases appeared in the structure of the samples. In these glass ceramics four crystalline phases were identified using powder diffraction files (PDF 2), namely ZnB{sub 4}O{sub 7}, Zn{sub 4}O(B{sub 6}O{sub 12}), Zn{sub 3}(BO{sub 3}){sub 2} and GdBO{sub 3}. From the XRD data, the average unit-cell parameter and the quantitative ratio of the crystallographic phases in the studied samples were evaluated. FTIR data revealed that the BO{sub 3}, BO{sub 4} and ZnO{sub 4} are the main structural units of these glass ceramics network. The compositional dependence of the different structural units which appear in the studied samples was followed.

  3. Inverted opal luminescent Ce-doped silica glasses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Scotti

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Inverted opal Ce-doped silica glasses (Ce : Si molar ratio 1 ⋅ 10−3 were prepared by a sol-gel method using opals of latex microspheres as templates. The rare earth is homogeneously dispersed in silica host matrix, as evidenced by the absence of segregated CeO2, instead present in monolithic Ce-doped SG with the same cerium content. This suggests that the nanometric dimensions of bridges and junctions of the host matrix in the inverted opal structures favor the RE distribution avoiding the possible segregation of CeO2.

  4. Upconversion in erbium-doped transparent glass ceramics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Gina Christine

    2005-11-01

    Transparent glass ceramics (TGCs) are a class of materials that are composed of a robust glass matrix which is densely embedded with nanometer-sized fluoride crystals: In bulk, fluoride materials tend to have poor handling and mechanical properties, and can be expensive to produce. In contrast, the forming and handling properties of the TGC are similar to those of the precursor, glass, and are engineered to be robust and mechanically stable. Rare earth ions can be incorporated into the TGC during manufacture and can become partially segregated into the crystalline phase. There they experience the low-phonon energy environment of the fluoride nanocrystallite, which induces long energy level lifetimes and enhanced frequency upconversion. Therefore, rare earth doped TGCs can have the spectroscopic properties of a crystal with the durability of an aluminosilicate glass. Upconversion fluorescence is studied for an aluminosilicate TGC containing LaF3 nanocrystallites and doped with an erbium density of 1.7 x 1020 CM-3. Time gated fluorescence and excitation spectra as well as photoluminescence decays are used to find the nature and origin of this fluorescence. It is determined that energy transfer upconversion occurs only in the nanocrystallite phase and sequential two-photon absorption upconversion occurs in both glass and crystal phases.

  5. Concentration Quenching in Erbium Doped Bismuth Silicate Glasses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DAI Shi-Xun; XU Tie-Feng; NIE Qiu-Hua; SHEN Xiang; WANG Xun-Si

    2006-01-01

    @@ Er2 O3-doped bismuth silicate glasses are prepared by the conventional melt-quenching method, and the Er3+ : 4 I13/2 → 4I15/2 fluorescence properties are studied for different Er3+ concentrations. Infrared spectra are measured to estimate the exact content of OH- groups in the samples. Based on the electric dipole-dipole interaction theory,the interaction parameter CEr,Er for the migration rate of Er3+ :4 I13/2 → 4 I13/2 in proposed glasses is calculated.

  6. Study on Thermal Stability and Spectroscopic Properties of Nd3+ -Doped Phosphate Laser Glasses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shi Qi; Lv Jingwen; Cheng Hong; Fu Xingguo; Sun Yu

    2004-01-01

    Fluorescence spectra, absorption spectra and thermal stability properties of Nd3 + -doped phosphate laser glasses were tested in this work. We calculated spectroscopic parameters of Nd3 + -doped phosphate laser glasses according to their absorption spectrum. Measuring and calculating linear thermal expansion coefficient, and analysising thermal stability of glasses show that this kind of Nd3 + -doped phosphate laser glasses has thermal expansion coefficient α = 38.75× 10 -7/℃ and optimal spectroscopic properties which extend application range of Nd +3-doped phosphate laser glasses.

  7. Spectral investigations on Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dysprosium-doped oxyfluoride glasses and nanocrystalline glass ceramics have been synthesized and studied by x-ray diffraction, absorption, and visible and near-infrared emission spectra. The samples emit intense white light when populating the 4F9/2 level with a 451 nm laser light and, from the visible emission spectra, yellow to blue intensity ratios and chromaticity color coordinates have been calculated and their relative variation have been discussed based on the concentration of Dy3+ ions and the heat treatment conditions used to prepare the glass ceramics. Infrared emission has also been observed in glasses and glass ceramics after laser excitation at 800 nm, showing bands at 1.33 and 1.67 μm, useful for optical amplification in fiber amplifiers

  8. Electrical conduction in alkali borate glasses; a unique dependence on the concentration of modifier ions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doweidar, H; Moustafa, Y M; El-Damrawi, G M; Ramadan, R M [Glass Research Group, Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, POB 83 (Egypt)

    2008-01-23

    The electrical conduction of Li{sub 2}O-B{sub 2}O{sub 3}, Na{sub 2}O-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} and K{sub 2}O-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} glasses seems, at first sight, to be dominated by the activation energy. Regardless of the size of the alkali ion, there is a unique dependence of conductivity, at a certain temperature, on the alkali-alkali distance and thus on N (the number of ions per cm{sup 3}). The linear dependence of log{sigma} on N{sup -3/2} for all types of alkali ions reveals that N is the basic parameter that determines the conductivity at a certain temperature. A derived semi-empirical relation can be used to calculate the conductivity as a function of N and temperature.

  9. Electrical conduction in alkali borate glasses; a unique dependence on the concentration of modifier ions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doweidar, H.; Moustafa, Y. M.; El-Damrawi, G. M.; Ramadan, R. M.

    2008-01-01

    The electrical conduction of Li2O-B2O3, Na2O-B2O3 and K2O-B2O3 glasses seems, at first sight, to be dominated by the activation energy. Regardless of the size of the alkali ion, there is a unique dependence of conductivity, at a certain temperature, on the alkali-alkali distance and thus on N (the number of ions per cm3). The linear dependence of logσ on N-3/2 for all types of alkali ions reveals that N is the basic parameter that determines the conductivity at a certain temperature. A derived semi-empirical relation can be used to calculate the conductivity as a function of N and temperature.

  10. Luminescence characteristics of Li₂CO₃-K₂CO₃-H₃BO₃ glasses co-doped with TiO₂/MgO.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alajerami, Yasser Saleh Mustafa; Hashim, Suhairul; Ghoshal, Sib Krishna; Ramli, Ahmad Termizi; Saleh, Muneer Aziz; Ibrahim, Zuhairi; Kadni, Taiman; Bradley, David Andrew

    2013-12-01

    Understanding the influence of co-dopants in the luminescence enhancement of carbonate glasses is the key issue in dosimetry. A series of borate glasses modified by lithium and potassium carbonate were synthesized by the melt-quenching method. The glass mixture activated with various concentrations of TiO2 and MgO was subjected to various doses of gamma-rays ((60)Co). The amorphous nature of the samples was confirmed by x-ray diffraction (XRD) spectra. The simple glowing curve of the glass doped with TiO2 features a peak at 230°C, whose intensity is maximal at 0.5 mol% of the dopant. The intensity of the glowing curve increases with the concentration of MgO added as a co-dopant up to 0.25 mol%, where it is two times higher than for the material without MgO thermoluminescence properties, including dose response, reproducibility, and fading were studied. The effective atomic number of the material was also determined. Kinetic parameters, such as kinetics order, activation energy, and frequency factor are estimated. The photoluminescence spectra of the titanium-doped glass consist of a prominent peaks at 480 nm when laser excitation at 650 nm is used. A three-fold photoluminescence enhancement and a blue shift of the peak were observed when 0.1% MgO was introduced. In addition, various physical parameters, such as ion concentration, polaron radius and internuclear distances were calculated. The mechanism for the thermoluminescence and photoluminescence enhancements are discussed. PMID:23948307

  11. Luminescence property of Eu-doped fluorochlorozirconate glass-ceramics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PEI Zhili; WANG Yongsheng; HE Dawei; MENG Xianguo

    2009-01-01

    A series of Eu2+-doped fluorochlorozireonate glass-ceramics were prepared by solid state reaction method. X-ray diffraction, pho-toluminescence, photo-stimulated luminescence (PSL) and the turbidity of fluorozirconate glass containing BaCl2 nano- and micro-crystals were measured for the samples annealed at 290 ℃ for 10 min. The PSL was attributed to the characteristic emission of Eu2+ in nano-crystallites of BaCl2, which formed in the glass upon annealing. The PSL efficiency of the glass ceramic was increased by increasing the concentration of BaCl2, which, however, resulted in the decreasing in the transparency of the sample. The sample turned to a semi-transparent glass ceramic or even an opaque and milky white one from a near-transparent glass. The trade-off between optical trans-parency and PSL intensity over different concentrations of BaCl2 for X-ray imaging plate applications was briefly discussed.

  12. Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peng, Mingying; Zollfrank, Cordt; Wondraczek, Lothar [Lehrstuhl fuer Glas und Keramik, WW3, Friedrich Alexander Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg, Martensstrasse 5, D-91058 Erlangen (Germany)], E-mail: mingying.peng@ww.uni-erlangen.de, E-mail: lothar.wondraczek@ww.uni-erlangen.de

    2009-07-15

    Bi-doped glasses with broadband photoluminescence in the near-infrared (NIR) spectral range are presently receiving significant consideration for potential applications in telecommunications, widely tunable fiber lasers and spectral converters. However, the origin of NIR emission remains disputed. Here, we report on NIR absorption and emission properties of bismuthate glass and their dependence on the melting temperature. Results clarify that NIR emission occurs from the same centers as it does in Bi-doped glasses. The dependence of absorption and NIR emission of bismuthate glasses on the melting temperature is interpreted as thermal dissociation of Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3} into elementary Bi. Darkening of bismuthate glass melted at 1300 deg. C is due to the agglomeration of Bi atoms. The presence of Bi nanoparticles is confirmed by transmission electron microscopy, high-resolution energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy and element distribution mapping. By adding antimony oxide as an oxidation agent to the glass, NIR emission centers can be eliminated and Bi{sup 3+} is formed. By comparing with atomic spectral data, absorption bands at {approx}320 , {approx}500 , 700 , 800 and 1000 nm observed in Bi-doped glasses are assigned to Bi{sup 0} transitions {sup 4}S{sub 3/2}{yields}{sup 2}P{sub 3/2}, {sup 4}S{sub 3/2}{yields}{sup 2}P{sub 1/2}, {sup 4}S{sub 3/2}{yields}{sup 2}D{sub 5/2}, {sup 4}S{sub 3/2}{yields}{sup 2}D{sub 3/2}(2) and {sup 4}S{sub 3/2}{yields}{sup 2}D{sub 3/2}(1), respectively, and broadband NIR emission is assigned to the transition {sup 2}D{sub 3/2}(1){yields}{sup 4}S{sub 3/2}.

  13. Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Mingying; Zollfrank, Cordt; Wondraczek, Lothar

    2009-07-01

    Bi-doped glasses with broadband photoluminescence in the near-infrared (NIR) spectral range are presently receiving significant consideration for potential applications in telecommunications, widely tunable fiber lasers and spectral converters. However, the origin of NIR emission remains disputed. Here, we report on NIR absorption and emission properties of bismuthate glass and their dependence on the melting temperature. Results clarify that NIR emission occurs from the same centers as it does in Bi-doped glasses. The dependence of absorption and NIR emission of bismuthate glasses on the melting temperature is interpreted as thermal dissociation of Bi2O3 into elementary Bi. Darkening of bismuthate glass melted at 1300 °C is due to the agglomeration of Bi atoms. The presence of Bi nanoparticles is confirmed by transmission electron microscopy, high-resolution energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy and element distribution mapping. By adding antimony oxide as an oxidation agent to the glass, NIR emission centers can be eliminated and Bi3+ is formed. By comparing with atomic spectral data, absorption bands at ~320 , ~500 , 700 , 800 and 1000 nm observed in Bi-doped glasses are assigned to Bi0 transitions {}^{4}\\mathrm {S_{3/2}} \\to {}^{2}\\mathrm {P_{3/2}} , {}^{4}\\mathrm {S_{3/2}}\\to {}^{2}\\mathrm {P_{1/2}} , {}^{4}\\mathrm {S_{3/2}}\\to {}^{2}\\mathrm {D_{5/2}} , {}^{4}\\mathrm {S_{3/2}}\\to {}^{2}\\mathrm {D_{3/2}}(2) and {}^{4}\\mathrm {S_{3/2}}\\to {}^{2}\\mathrm {D_{3/2 }}(1) , respectively, and broadband NIR emission is assigned to the transition {}^{2}\\mathrm {D_{3/2}(1)}\\to {}^{4}\\mathrm {S_{3/2}} .

  14. Synthesis and spectroscopic studies of Fe3+-doped zinc borate powder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venkata Reddy, Ch.; Shim, Jaesool; Byon, Chan; Sarma, G. V. S. S.; Narayana Murthy, P.; Ravikumar, R. V. S. S. N.

    2015-02-01

    Fe3+-doped Zn3(BO3)2 powder is synthesized using a co-precipitation method. Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), optical absorption, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), photoluminescence (PL), and Fourier transformation infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy were used to analyze the synthesized sample. The PXRD patterns confirm the monoclinic structure of the as-prepared sample. SEM images reflect the surface morphology of the sample. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) data confirms the presence of dopant ions in the host lattice. Crystal field (Dq) and inter-electronic repulsion (B and C) parameters were evaluated. The EPR spectrum shows two resonance signals, at g = 2.12 and 4.36. This indicates the existence of Fe3+ ions in tetragonally distorted octahedral site symmetry. The PL spectrum shows ultraviolet emission at room temperature. FT-IR spectroscopy confirms the fundamental vibrational bands of host molecules.

  15. Synthesis and characterization of low-melting scintillating glass doped with organic activator

    CERN Document Server

    Zhao Hong Sheng; Zhu Dong Mei; Wu Jing

    2000-01-01

    New colliders for high-energy physics studies require scintillators with short decay time, high density, good radiation hardness and low cost. It is possible to make glass scintillators that can meet these requirements by doping organic scintillating activators into an inorganic glass host. In this research, p-Terphenyl as the activator is doped into lead-tin-fluorophosphate glasses. There is no detectable change of the dopant on the densities and characteristic temperatures of the glass host. The hybrid scintillating glasses doped with p-TP possess 5 ns decay time and a broad fluorescence emission band, the peak of which is at about 545 nm. Although the light yields of the glasses are low, this research shows that it is possible to develop good hybrid scintillating glasses by doping organic activators into inorganic glass host.

  16. Optical and spectroscopic properties of Eu-doped tellurite glasses and glass ceramics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stambouli, W. [Laboratoire des Matériaux Minéraux et leurs Applications, Centre National de Recherches en Sciences des, Matériaux, Technopole de Borj-Cedria, B.P. 95 Hammam-Lif, 2050 (Tunisia); Elhouichet, H., E-mail: habib.elhouichet@fst.rnu.tn [Laboratoire des Matériaux Minéraux et leurs Applications, Centre National de Recherches en Sciences des, Matériaux, Technopole de Borj-Cedria, B.P. 95 Hammam-Lif, 2050 (Tunisia); Département de Physique, Faculté des Sciences de Tunis, Université de Tunis-ElManar, ElManar 2092 (Tunisia); Gelloz, B. [Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, 2-24-16 Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8603 (Japan); Férid, M. [Laboratoire des Matériaux Minéraux et leurs Applications, Centre National de Recherches en Sciences des, Matériaux, Technopole de Borj-Cedria, B.P. 95 Hammam-Lif, 2050 (Tunisia)

    2013-06-15

    Tellurite glasses doped with trivalent europium were prepared by the conventional melt quenching technique, in the chemical composition of (85−x) TeO{sub 2}+5La{sub 2}O{sub 3}+10TiO{sub 2}+xEu{sub 2}O{sub 3} by varying the concentration of the rare-earth ion in the order 0.5, 1 and 1.5 mol%. Using Judd–Ofelt analysis, we calculated intensity parameters (Ω{sub 2} and Ω{sub 4}), spontaneous emission probabilities, the radiative lifetime, luminescence branching factors, the quantum yield of luminescence, and the stimulated emission cross-sections for {sup 5}D{sub 0}→{sup 7}F{sub 2} transition. The change in optical properties with the variation of Eu{sup 3+} ion concentration have been discussed and compared with other glasses. The luminescence intensity ratio, quantum efficiency and emission cross-section values support that the TeEu1.5 tellurite glass is a suitable candidate for red laser source applications. Optical properties for Eu{sup 3+} doped tellurite glass, heated for different temperature, were investigated. Crystalline phases for α-TeO{sub 2}, γ-TeO{sub 2} and TiTe{sub 3}O{sub 8} system were determined by the XRD method. The effect of heat treatment on luminescence properties in the tellurite glass was discussed. By using Eu{sup 3+} as a probe, the local structure of rare-earth ion in tellurite glass, vitro-ceramic and ceramic glass has been investigated. The evaluated J–O intensity parameters have been used to calculate different radiative and laser characteristic parameters of the {sup 5}D{sub 0} excited level. The large magnitudes of stimulated emission cross-section (σ{sub e}), branching ratio (β) and Gain bandwidth (σ{sub e}×Δλ{sub eff}) obtained for {sup 5}D{sub 0}→{sup 7}F{sub 2} (613 nm) transition for ceramic glass indicate that the present glass ceramic is promising host material for Eu{sup 3+}doped fiber amplifiers. The measured lifetime of {sup 5}D{sub 0} excited state increases with increase of the heat treatment which

  17. Effect of glass structure on spin Hamiltonian parameters: Cu doped tellurite glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cu-doped glasses with compositions [(70TeO2−(30−x)ZnO−xPbO)0.98− (CuO)0.02] (x = 5, 10, 15, 20) were prepared using the melt quenching technique and characterized by EPR. Cu2+ ions are found to be in distorted oxygen octahedral cage and their corresponding spin Hamiltonian (splitting) parameters are deduced for all glasses as a function of increasing PbO. Finally, effect of the matrix on spin Hamiltonian parameters of Cu2+ ions are correlated with the help of EPR and earlier Raman analysis

  18. Tunable luminescence from Ce-doped aluminoborosilicate glasses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    E Malchukova; B Boizot

    2014-01-01

    A series of aluminoborosilicate glasses were prepared using the melt-quenching technique for mixture of stoichiometric amounts of SiO2, Al2O3, H3BO3, Na2CO3, and ZrO2 with adding of different amounts of CeO2. The samples were investigated by means of luminescence spectroscopy. Tunable luminescence from violet to blue/green was observed from these glasses with different Xe-lamp excitation wavelengths ranging from 370 to 480 nm as well as with laser excitation of 266 and 355 nm. Moreover it was found that the possibility of tuning the light by changing of excitation wavelength was not unique. The same effect was observed by adjusting conditions for luminescence measurements as well as under exposure toβ-irradiation. The obtained phenomena could be explained taking into account structural characteristics of this glass and it could be concluded that tunable luminescence results from the presence of different Ce-sites the glass matrix. Thus the results suggest that Ce-doped glasses could be considered as conversion materials for blue light-emitting diode chips to generate white light-emitting diodes.

  19. Lead-salt quantum dot doped glasses for photonics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auxier, Jason Michael

    In this dissertation, I present photonics applications of PbS quantum-dot-doped (QD-doped) glasses. The dissertation consists of two major parts: bulk material applications (Cr:forsterite laser modelocking, bleaching dynamics, optical gain, and photo-luminescence) and the fabrication of QD-doped ion-exchanged waveguides. When this work began, these PbS QD-doped glasses were the state-of-the-art in quantum dot glasses due to their narrow size distribution. Modelocking of a Cr:forsterite laser using this glass as a saturable absorber had been demonstrated, with little understanding of the dynamics. This work began by studying the dynamics of the saturable absorber to explain the ps-pulse width. In the bulk measurements, I functioned as a secondary researcher. In the laser modelocking and bleaching measurements, my contribution was laser cavity alignment, sample preparation, collecting autocorrelation traces, and aiding in the setup and data collection for the bleaching measurements. On this work, I coauthored one refereed journal article in Applied Physics Letters [1] and one refereed conference paper [2], for which I am third and second author, respectively. For the gain measurements, I aided in the setup and data collection, whereas I setup and took most of the luminescence data. The gain measurements resulted in one second-author refereed journal article in Applied Physics Letters [3] and I presented the luminescence results at CLEO2000 [4]. I took the lead role in the waveguide fabrication and characterization and authored refereed journal articles in Applied Physics Letters [5], Journal of Applied Physics [6], and Journal of the Optical Society of America B [7]. I also presented an invited talk at Photonics West [8] and presented at CLEO200-1 [9]. Additionally, I have been a coauthor of presentations at the Nanotechnology Symposium (2006), American Ceramic Society [10], and Photonics Europe ( 2006) [11]. A book chapter in The Photonics Handbook, 2nd edition [12

  20. Population dynamics in Er3+-doped fluoride glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogdanov, V. K.; Booth, D. J.; Gibbs, W. E.; Javorniczky, J. S.; Newman, P. J.; Macfarlane, D. R.

    2001-05-01

    A detailed study of the energy-transfer processes in Er3+: flouride glasses with doping concentrations of 0.2-18 mol % is presented. Fluorescence wave forms for 11 erbium transitions were measured under 802-nm, 1.5-μm, 975-nm, 520-nm, and 403-nm excitation from a high-energy short-pulse source. The analysis of these data provided a physical understanding of the processes responsible for the temporal behavior of the populations of a large number of energy levels. A comprehensive nine-level rate-equation model of the Er3+ population dynamics in these fluoride glasses is developed. The model performs well in predicting the observed fluorescence behavior of the main fluorescing lines under all pumping conditions. The modeling process allowed 14 ion-ion energy-transfer processes that are important for the population dynamics in these fluoride glasses to be identified and their rate constants obtained. Noticeably, the inclusion of seven three-ion processes was found necessary in order to obtain good fits to the experimental fluorescence wave forms. It was also found that some three-ion processes have a significant effect on the population dynamics of the levels even in lower doping concentrations.

  1. Structural investigations on Eu-doped fluorobromozirconate glass ceramics.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wiegand, Marie-Christin [Department of Physics, University of Paderborn, Warburger Str. 100, 33100 Paderborn (Germany); Ahrens, Bernd [Fraunhofer Center for Silicon Photovoltaics, Walter-Huelse-Str. 1, 06120 Halle (Saale) (Germany); Henke, Bastian; Schweizer, Stefan [Fraunhofer Center for Silicon Photovoltaics, Walter-Huelse-Str. 1, 06120 Halle (Saale) (Germany); Centre for Innovation Competence SiLi-nano, Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg, Halle (Saale) (Germany)

    2011-07-01

    Modified Eu-doped fluorozirconate glasses are regarded as promising materials for photovoltaic and medical applications. In these glasses, a substantial fraction of the fluorine ions was replaced by bromine ions resulting in the formation of BaBr{sub 2} nanocrystals upon subsequent thermal treatment of the as-made glass. Interestingly, the metastable hexagonal phase of BaBr{sub 2} is always formed first before further annealing leads to the formation of orthorhombic phase BaBr{sub 2}, i.e., a phase transition from hexagonal to orthorhombic phase BaBr{sub 2} occurs upon annealing. During the annealing a part of the doped Eu{sup 2+} is incorporated into the BaBr{sub 2} nanocrystals enabling fluorescent transitions of Eu{sup 2+} in hexagonal and orthorhombic BaBr{sub 2}, respectively, upon ultraviolet excitation. The nanocrystal size and the structural phase depend on the addition of InF{sub 3} and YF{sub 3} and on the Br/(F+Br)-ratio, which was investigated by differential scanning calorimetry and x-ray diffraction. In addition, photoluminescence experiments were performed to monitor the phase transition by optical means.

  2. Luminescence properties of solid solutions of borates doped with rare-earth ions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levushkina, V. S.; Mikhailin, V. V.; Spassky, D. A.; Zadneprovski, B. I.; Tret'yakova, M. S.

    2014-11-01

    The structural and luminescence properties of LuxY1 - xBO3 solid solutions doped with Ce3+ or Eu+3 have been investigated. It has been found that the solid solutions crystallize in the vaterite phase with a lutetium concentration x spectra are characterized by intensive impurity emission under excitation with the synchrotron radiation in the X-ray and ultraviolet spectral ranges. It has been shown that, as the lutetium concentration x in the LuxY1 - xBO3: Ce3+ solid solutions increases, the emission intensity smoothly decreases, which is associated with a gradual shift of the Ce3+ 5 d(1) level toward the bottom of the conduction band, as well as with a decrease in the band gap. It has been established that, in the LuxY1 - xBO3: Eu3+ solid solutions with intermediate concentrations x, the efficiency of energy transfer to luminescence centers increases. This effect is explained by the limited spatial separation of electrons and holes in the solid solutions. It has been demonstrated that the calcite phase adversely affects the luminescence properties of the solid solutions.

  3. Spectroscopy of vanadium (III) doped gallium lanthanum sulphide chalcogenide glass

    CERN Document Server

    Hughes, M; Rutt, H; Hewak, D

    2014-01-01

    Vanadium doped gallium lanthanum sulphide glass (V:GLS) displays three absorption bands at 580, 730 and 1155 nm identified by photoluminescence excitation measurements. Broad photoluminescence, with a full width half maximum (FWHM) of 500 nm, is observed peaking at 1500 nm when exciting at 514, 808 and 1064 nm. The fluorescence lifetime and quantum efficiency at 300 K were measured to be 33.4 us and 4 % respectively. From the available spectroscopic data we propose the vanadium ions valence to be 3+ and be in tetrahedral coordination The results indicate potential for development of a laser or optical amplifier based on V:GLS.

  4. Dielectric relaxation in AgI doped silver selenomolybdate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palui, A.; Shaw, A.; Ghosh, A.

    2016-05-01

    We report the study of dielectric properties of some silver ion conducting silver selenomolybdate mixed network former glasses in a wide frequency and temperature range. The experimental data have been analyzed in the framework of complex dielectric permittivity. The dielectric permittivity data have been well interpreted using the Cole-Cole function. The temperature dependence of relaxation time obtained from real part of dielectric permittivity data shows an Arrhenius behavior. The activation energy shows a decreasing trend with the increase of doping content. Values of stretched exponential parameter are observed to be independent of temperature and composition.

  5. Development of continuous glass melting for production of Nd-doped phosphate glasses for the NIF and LMJ laser system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Campbell, J. H.; Ficini-Dorn, G.; Hawley-Fedder, R.; McLean, M. J.; Suratwala, T.; Trombert, J. H.

    1998-08-14

    The NIF and LMJ laser systems require about 3380 and 4752 Nd-doped laser glass slabs, respectively. Continuous laser glass melting and forming will be used for the first time to manufacture these slabs. Two vendors have been chosen to produce the glass: Hoya Corporation and Schott Glass Technologies. The laser glass melting systems that each of these two vendors have designed, built and tested are arguably the most advanced in the world. Production of the laser glass will begin on a pilot scale in the fall of 1999.

  6. Hydrogen-ion sputtering of borated graphite

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The development and choice of material for the first wall and other energy-stressed parts of the discharge chamber are an important aspect of fusion reactor construction. In particular, carbon-graphite materials are proposed for making limiters and protective shields of the first wall and receiving plates of diverter devices. Sputtering under ion bombardment is one of the main mechanisms of material erosion; in addition, in the case of carbon-graphite materials chemical sputtering also occurs as a result of the formation of highly volatile hydrocarbon compounds during the reaction with ions of hydrogen isotopes. Sputtering MPG carbon-graphite materials and USB-15 carbon-fiber-reinforced glass ceramic has been well studied and experimental data have been obtained on the coefficients of physical and chemical sputtering. It has been determined that hydrogen-ion sputtering of USB-15 in the range from room temperature to 1070 K is less than that of MPG-8 graphite a factor of 2-10. Bulk doping of graphite with boron substantially reduces chemical sputtering. Since processes in the surface layers are crucially important in sputtering, the possibility of reducing chemical sputtering by surface boration of carbon-graphite materials has been explored. The objective of this work was to continue the experimental investigation to determine the physical processes of sputtering of surface-borated graphite under hydrogen-ion bombardment in the temperature range corresponding to maximum chemical sputtering. Surface boration of MPG-8 and USB-15 samples was carried out by vapor-phase isothermal deposition mediated by gaseous iodine at 1223 K for 4 h (the sample was placed in a pure boron stock). The mass transfer during the vapor-phase deposition is based on the difference of the chemical potentials of iodine and carbon under isothermal conditions. The samples of the initial and borated carbon-graphite materials irradiated with a poly-energetic beam of hydrogen ions

  7. Elastic properties and structural studies on some zinc-borate glasses derived from ultrasonic, FT-IR and X-ray techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Glasses in the system (1 - x) [29Na2O- 4Al2O3- 67B2O3]- xZnO (0 ≤ x ≤ 35 mol%), have been prepared by the melt quenching technique. Elastic properties, X-ray and FT-IR spectroscopic studies have been employed to study the role of ZnO on the structure of the investigated glass system. Elastic properties and Debye temperature have been investigated using sound wave velocity measurements at 4 MHz at room temperature. The results showed that the density increases and the molar volume decreases while both sound velocities and the determined glass transition temperatures decrease with increase in x. X-ray and infrared spectra of the glasses reveal that the borate network consists of diborate units and is affected by the increase in the concentration of ZnO content. These results are interpreted in terms of the decrease in the N4 values (fraction of tetrahedral coordinated boron atoms), and substitution of longer bond lengths of Zn-O in place of shorter B-O bond. The results indicate that Zinc ions have been substituted for boron ions as tetrahedral network former ions. The elastic moduli are observed to increase with the increase of ZnO content.

  8. Energy transfer and NIR emission in rare earth tri-doped barium lanthanum fluoro tellurite glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kumar, J. Suresh; Pavani, K.; Graca, M.P.F.; Soares, M.J. [Department of Physics and I3N, University of Aveiro (Portugal); Venkataiah, G. [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati (India); Jayasimhadri, M. [Department of Applied Physics, Delhi Technological University, Delhi (India)

    2014-09-15

    Barium lanthanum fluoro tellurite (BLFT) glasses doped with rare earth ions (ErF{sub 3}, PrF{sub 3} and YbF{sub 3}) both singly or in combinations were prepared by melt-quench technique and analysed spectroscopically. The prepared glasses were found to be mechanically strong and transparent. Optical absorption and NIR fluorescence were measured to the highly transparent and stable glass samples. Judd-Ofelt parameters and radiative properties were estimated for the single rare earth doped BLFT glasses using the optical absorption spectra. NIR fluorescence is measured using laser excitation. From the NIR emission spectra, energy transfer among the rare earth ions is analysed in the rare earth tri-doped BLFT glasses. These rare earth tri-doped BLFT glasses are found to be highly useful for the multi- wavelength emission in the NIR region for opto-electronic applications. (copyright 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  9. Cerium doped heavy metal fluoride glasses, a possible alternative for electromagnetic calorimetry

    CERN Document Server

    Auffray, Etiennette; Dafinei, I; Fay, J; Lecoq, P; Mares, J A; Martini, M; Mazé, G; Meinardi, F; Moine, B; Nikl, M; Pédrini, C; Poulain, M; Schneegans, M; Tavernier, Stefaan; Vedda, A

    1996-01-01

    The article is an overview of the research activity performed in the framework of the Crystal Clear Collaboration to produce scintillating glasses. The manufacturing of heavy metal fluoride glasses doped with Ce3+ is discussed. The luminescence and scintillation characteristics as well as the radiation hardness properties are extensively studied in the case of Ce doped fluorohafnate , found to be the most convenient glass scintillator for high energy physics applications.

  10. Silicate, borosilicate, and borate bioactive glass scaffolds with controllable degradation rate for bone tissue engineering applications. I. Preparation and in vitro degradation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Qiang; Rahaman, Mohamed N; Fu, Hailuo; Liu, Xin

    2010-10-01

    Bioactive glass scaffolds with a microstructure similar to that of dry human trabecular bone but with three different compositions were evaluated for potential applications in bone repair. The preparation of the scaffolds and the effect of the glass composition on the degradation and conversion of the scaffolds to a hydroxyapatite (HA)-type material in a simulated body fluid (SBF) are reported here (Part I). The in vitro response of osteogenic cells to the scaffolds and the in vivo evaluation of the scaffolds in a rat subcutaneous implantation model are described in Part II. Scaffolds (porosity = 78-82%; pore size = 100-500 microm) were prepared using a polymer foam replication technique. The glasses consisted of a silicate (13-93) composition, a borosilicate composition (designated 13-93B1), and a borate composition (13-93B3), in which one-third or all of the SiO2 content of 13-93 was replaced by B2O3, respectively. The conversion rate of the scaffolds to HA in the SBF increased markedly with the B2O3 content of the glass. Concurrently, the pH of the SBF also increased with the B2O3 content of the scaffolds. The compressive strengths of the as-prepared scaffolds (5-11 MPa) were in the upper range of values reported for trabecular bone, but they decreased markedly with immersion time in the SBF and with increasing B2O3 content of the glass. The results show that scaffolds with a wide range of bioactivity and degradation rate can be achieved by replacing varying amounts of SiO(2) in silicate bioactive glass with B2O3. PMID:20544804

  11. Lead-barium fluoroborate glass ceramics doped with Nd3+ or Er3+

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrova, O. B.; Sevostjanova, T. S.; Anurova, M. O.; Khomyakov, A. V.

    2016-02-01

    Lead-barium fluoroborate glasses in the PbF2-BaF2-B2O3, PbF2-BaO-B2O3, and PbO- BaF2-B2O3 systems doped with rare-earth ions (Nd3+ or Er3+) are synthesized and studied. It is shown that, based on these glasses, it is possible to produce transparent glass ceramics with fluoride crystalline phases, including ceramics with one crystalline phase of the fluorite structure. The spectral and luminescent properties of the doped glasses, glass ceramics, and polycrystalline complex fluorides containing Pb, Ba, and rare ions are studied.

  12. In vitro study of manganese-doped bioactive glasses for bone regeneration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miola, Marta, E-mail: marta.miola@polito.it [Applied Science and Technology Department, Politecnico di Torino, C.so Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Turin (Italy); Brovarone, Chiara Vitale [Applied Science and Technology Department, Politecnico di Torino, C.so Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Turin (Italy); Maina, Giovanni [Department of Clinical and Biological Sciences, University of Turin, Via Zuretti 29, 10126 Turin (Italy); Rossi, Federica [Department of Public Health and Pediatric Sciences, Piazza Polonia, 94, 10126 Torino (Italy); Bergandi, Loredana; Ghigo, Dario [Department of Oncology, University of Turin, Via Santena 5/bis, 10126 Turin (Italy); Saracino, Silvia; Maggiora, Marina; Canuto, Rosa Angela; Muzio, Giuliana [Department of Clinical and Biological Sciences, University of Turin, Corso Raffaello 30, 10125 Turin (Italy); Vernè, Enrica [Applied Science and Technology Department, Politecnico di Torino, C.so Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Turin (Italy)

    2014-05-01

    A glass belonging to the system SiO{sub 2}–P{sub 2}O{sub 5}–CaO–MgO–Na{sub 2}O–K{sub 2}O was modified by introducing two different amounts of manganese oxide (MnO). Mn-doped glasses were prepared by melt and quenching technique and characterized by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observation and energy dispersion spectrometry (EDS) analysis. In vitro bioactivity test in simulated body fluid (SBF) showed a slight decrease in the reactivity kinetics of Mn-doped glasses compared to the glass used as control; however the glasses maintained a good degree of bioactivity. Mn-leaching test in SBF and minimum essential medium (MEM) revealed fluctuating trends probably due to a re-precipitation of Mn compounds during the bioactivity process. Cellular tests showed that all the Mn-doped glasses, up to a concentration of 50 μg/cm{sup 2} (μg of glass powders/cm{sup 2} of cell monolayer), did not produce cytotoxic effects on human MG-63 osteoblasts cultured for up to 5 days. Finally, biocompatibility tests demonstrated a good osteoblast proliferation and spreading on Mn-doped glasses and most of all that the Mn-doping can promote the expression of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and some bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs). - Highlights: • Novel bioactive glasses doped with manganese were prepared. • Mn-doped bioactive glasses were not cytotoxic towards human MG-63 osteoblasts. • The Mn introduction promotes the expression of ALP and bone morphogenetic proteins. • Mn-doped glass may be a promising material for bone regeneration procedures.

  13. In vitro study of manganese-doped bioactive glasses for bone regeneration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A glass belonging to the system SiO2–P2O5–CaO–MgO–Na2O–K2O was modified by introducing two different amounts of manganese oxide (MnO). Mn-doped glasses were prepared by melt and quenching technique and characterized by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observation and energy dispersion spectrometry (EDS) analysis. In vitro bioactivity test in simulated body fluid (SBF) showed a slight decrease in the reactivity kinetics of Mn-doped glasses compared to the glass used as control; however the glasses maintained a good degree of bioactivity. Mn-leaching test in SBF and minimum essential medium (MEM) revealed fluctuating trends probably due to a re-precipitation of Mn compounds during the bioactivity process. Cellular tests showed that all the Mn-doped glasses, up to a concentration of 50 μg/cm2 (μg of glass powders/cm2 of cell monolayer), did not produce cytotoxic effects on human MG-63 osteoblasts cultured for up to 5 days. Finally, biocompatibility tests demonstrated a good osteoblast proliferation and spreading on Mn-doped glasses and most of all that the Mn-doping can promote the expression of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and some bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs). - Highlights: • Novel bioactive glasses doped with manganese were prepared. • Mn-doped bioactive glasses were not cytotoxic towards human MG-63 osteoblasts. • The Mn introduction promotes the expression of ALP and bone morphogenetic proteins. • Mn-doped glass may be a promising material for bone regeneration procedures

  14. Cubic to tetragonal phase transition of Tm3+ doped nanocrystals in oxyfluoride glass ceramics

    OpenAIRE

    Yiming Li; Lijuan Zhao; Yuting Fu; Yahui Shi; Xiaoyu Zhang; Hua Yu

    2016-01-01

    Tm3+ ions doped β-PbF2 nanocrystals in oxyfluoride glass ceramics with different doping concentrations and thermal temperatures are prepared by a traditional melt-quenching and thermal treatment method to investigate the structure and the phase transition of Tm3+ doped nanocrystals. The structures are characterized by X-ray diffraction Rietveld analysis and confirmed with numerical simulation. The phase transitions are proved further by the emission spectra. Both of the doping concentration a...

  15. Preparation method and thermal properties of samarium and europium-doped alumino-phosphate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sava, B.A., E-mail: savabogdanalexandru@yahoo.com [National Institute of Research and Development for Optoelectronics, Department for Optospintronics, 409 Atomistilor Street, P.O. Box MG – 5, RO-77125 Magurele (Romania); Elisa, M., E-mail: astatin18@yahoo.com [National Institute of Research and Development for Optoelectronics, Department for Optospintronics, 409 Atomistilor Street, P.O. Box MG – 5, RO-77125 Magurele (Romania); Boroica, L., E-mail: boroica_lucica@yahoo.com [National Institute for Lasers, Plasma and Radiation Physics, 77125 Magurele (Romania); Monteiro, R.C.C., E-mail: rcm@fct.unl.pt [Center of Materials Research/Institute for Nanostructures, Nanomodelling and Nanofabrication, (CENIMAT/I3N), Department of Materials Sciences, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, 2829-516 Caparica (Portugal)

    2013-12-01

    Highlights: • Improved preparation method of rare-earth-doped phosphate glasses was done. • Working and annealing temperatures were lower than for undoped phosphate glass. • Doped glass viscosity is also lower and has quasi-linear variation with temperature. • Exothermic peak appears at about 555 °C and 685 °C, due to devitrification in glass. -- Abstract: The present work investigates alumino-phosphate glasses from Li{sub 2}O–BaO–Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}–La{sub 2}O{sub 3}–P{sub 2}O{sub 5} system containing Sm{sup 3+} and Eu{sup 3+} ions, prepared by two different ways: a wet raw materials mixing route followed by evaporation and melt-quenching, and by remelting of shards. The linear thermal expansion coefficient measured by dilatometry is identical for both rare-earth-doped phosphate glasses. Comparatively to undoped phosphate glass the linear thermal expansion coefficient increases with 2 × 10{sup −7} K{sup −1} when dopants are added. The characteristic temperatures very slowly decrease but can be considered constant with atomic weight, atomic number and f electrons number of the doping ions in the case of T{sub g} (vitreous transition temperature) and T{sub sr} (high annealing temperature) but slowly increase in the case of T{sub ir} (low annealing temperature–strain point) and very slowly increase, being practically constant in the case of T{sub D} (dilatometric softening temperature). Comparatively to undoped phosphate glass the characteristic temperatures of Sm and Eu-doped glasses present lower values. The higher values of electrical conductance for both doped glasses, comparatively to usual soda-lime-silicate glass, indicate a slightly reduced stability against water. The viscosity measurements, showed a quasi-linear variation with temperature the mean square deviation (R{sup 2}) being ranged between 0.872% and 0.996%. The viscosity of doped glasses comparatively to the undoped one is lower at the same temperature. Thermogravimetric

  16. Multiphonon relaxation and excitation transfer in rare-earth doped glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The theory of multiphononon relaxation for rare-earth ions in crystals is extended to nonradiative relaxation in glasses. The expected exponential dependence of the multiphonon rates on energy gaps was verified for 5 oxide glass compositions; the active phonons were identified to be the high-energy molecular vibrations of the network forming ions. The multiphonon rates are determined by the highest phonon energies, with the rates in borate glasses being 103 times these in tellurite glasses; they are much faster than in crystals. Coupling of the rare earth to phonons is relatively constant in oxide glasses, but may vary in halide or chalcogenide glasses. The influence of nonradiative rates on the performance of a Nd : glass laser is assessed, with the theory being verified. Energy transfer in Nd : glass accounts for the observed nonexponential fluorescence decay of excited Nd ions. Coupling between Nd ions is due to dipole-dipole interaction. Lifetime decreases with Nd content. Results can be used to predict the fluorescent behavior and performance of new laser glasses. Energy transfer from Ce to Nd in laser glass was observed. (U.S.)

  17. Erbium-doped ion-exchanged waveguide lasers in BK-7 glass

    OpenAIRE

    Feuchter, T.; Mwarania, E.K.; Wang, J.; Reekie, L.; J. S. Wilkinson

    1992-01-01

    Ion exchange in glass is a simple, flexible, technique to realize optical fiber compatible planar waveguide devices. Recently, neodymium-doped waveguide lasers operating at 1060 and 1300 nm have been demonstrated in this technology. Lasers operating at 1540 nm are desirable for telecommunication applications and we report here, for the first time, ion-exchanged waveguide lasers in erbium-doped glass emitting at this wavelength. Lasers in BK-7 glass doped with 0.5 wt% Er2O3 and pumped at 980 n...

  18. Spectral analysis of Cu2+ and Mn2+ ions doped borofluorophosphate glasses

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    B Sudhakar Reddy; S Buddhudu

    2007-10-01

    We report here on the development and spectral analysis of Cu2+ (0.5 mol%) and Mn2+ (0.5 mol%) ions doped in two new series of glasses. The visible absorption spectra of Cu2+ and Mn2+ glasses have shown broad absorption bands at 820 nm and 495 nm, respectively. For Cu2+ BFP glasses, excitation at 380 nm, a blue emission at 441 nm and also a weak emission at 418 nm ions have been observed. For Mn2+ ions doped BFP glasses, excitation at 410 nm and a red shift at 605 nm emission have been observed.

  19. Investigation on Structures and Properties of Yb3+-Doped Laser Glasses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Shujiang; Lu Anxian; Tang Xiaodong; He Shaobo

    2006-01-01

    The Yb3+-doped silicate, phosphate and borophosphate laser glasses were prepared by means of conventional melt quenching technology.The physical and spectral properties of the glasses were investigated.The results show that, due to the existence of OH-, the fluorescence lifetime of phosphate glass is shorter than that of silicate glass, so silicate glass has better spectral properties than phosphate glass.Silicate glass has better mechanical and thermal properties than phosphate glass, but with the addition of B2O3, mechanical and thermal properties of phosphate glass are improved greatly without fluorescence quenching effect.This kind of borophosphate glass can be used in high average power solid state lasers.

  20. Spectroscopic properties and concentration effects on luminescence behavior of Nd3+ doped Zinc–Boro–Bismuthate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A detail investigation on laser spectroscopic properties as a function of Nd3+ ions concentration in a new heavy metal oxide based Zinc–Boro–Bismuthate glasses is reported. The Judd–Ofelt analysis indicated an enhancement in Nd–O bond covalency as well as the local asymmetry of active ions on increase in dopant concentration from 0.1 to 1.5 mol%. Based on the Judd–Ofelt intensity parameters, several radiative properties such as transition probability, radiative lifetime, branching ratio and stimulated emission cross-section of Nd3+ ions have been derived. The luminescence intensity has showed a strong increase up to 0.5 mol% Nd2O3, which then attains maximum at 1 mol% and falls down for further increase in dopant concentration. The luminescence quenching behavior at higher dopant concentration has been attributed to the hopping migration assisted energy transfer mechanism leading to the cross-relaxation among active ions. The energy transfer micro-parameters for cross-relaxation (CDA) and donor energy migration (CDD) have been derived from the luminescence decay analysis as well as spectral overlap function respectively. The high stimulated emission cross-section and smaller cross-relaxation micro-parameters along with high quantum yield from the present glasses suggests their potential for compact infrared lasers and waveguide applications. Highlights: ► Nd3+ doped heavy metal oxide based Zn–Bi-Borate glasses have been synthesized. ► Judd–Ofelt analysis has been performed in a wide concentration range. ► High stimulated emission cross-section of Nd3+ ions has been achieved. ► Fluorescence self-quenching has occurred by migration assisted energy transfer.

  1. Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence of Bi-doped oxyfluoride glasses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Beibei; Tan, Dezhi; Zhou, Shifeng; Hong, Zhanglian; Sharafudeen, Kaniyarakkal N; Qiu, Jianrong

    2012-12-17

    Broadband near-infrared luminescence covering 900 to 1600 nm has been observed in Bi-doped oxyfluoride silicate glasses. The partial substitution of fluoride for oxide in Bi-doped silicate glasses leads to an increase of the intensity and lifetime of the near-infrared luminescence and blue-shift of the near-infrared emission peaks. Both Bi-doped silicate and oxyfluoride silicate glasses show visible luminescence with blue, green, orange and red emission bands when excited by ultra-violet light. Careful investigation on the luminescence properties indicates that the change of near-infrared luminescence is related to optical basicity, phonon energy of the glass matrix and crystal field around Bi active centers. These results offer a valuable way to control the luminescence properties of Bi-doped materials and may find some applications in fiber amplifier and fiber laser. PMID:23263148

  2. Low-temperature photoluminescence in chalcogenide glasses doped with rare-earth ions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kostka, Petr, E-mail: petr.kostka@irsm.cas.cz [Institute of Rock Structure and Mechanics AS CR, V Holešovičkách 41, 182 09 Praha 8 (Czech Republic); Zavadil, Jiří [Institute of Photonics and Electronics AS CR, Chaberská 57, 182 51 Praha 8, Kobylisy (Czech Republic); Iovu, Mihail S. [Institute of Applied Physics, Academy of Sciences of Moldova, Str. Academiei 5, MD-28 Chisinau, Republic of Moldova (Moldova, Republic of); Ivanova, Zoya G. [Institute of Solid State Physics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1784 Sofia (Bulgaria); Furniss, David; Seddon, Angela B. [Mid-Infrared Photonics Group, George Green Institute for Electromagnetics Research, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD (United Kingdom)

    2015-11-05

    Sulfide and oxysulfide bulk glasses Ga-La-S-O, Ge-Ga-S and Ge-Ga-As-S doped, or co-doped, with various rare-earth (RE{sup 3+}) ions are investigated for their room temperature transmission and low-temperature photoluminescence. Photoluminescence spectra are collected by using external excitation into the Urbach tail of the fundamental absorption edge of the host-glass. The low-temperature photoluminescence spectra are dominated by the broad-band luminescence of the host glass, with superimposed relatively sharp emission bands due to radiative transitions within 4f shells of RE{sup 3+} ions. In addition, the dips in the host-glass luminescence due to 4f-4f up-transitions of RE{sup 3+} ions are observed in the Ge-Ga-S and Ge-Ga-As-S systems. These superimposed narrow effects provide a direct experimental evidence of energy transfer between the host glass and respective RE{sup 3+} dopants. - Highlights: • An evidence of energy transfer from host-glass to doped-in RE ions is presented. • Energy transfer is manifested by dips in host-glass broad-band luminescence. • This channel of energy transfer is documented on selected RE doped sulfide glasses. • Photoluminescence spectra are dominated by broad band host-glass luminescence. • Presence of RE ions is manifested by superimposed narrow 4f-4f transitions.

  3. Gamma-ray attenuation coefficients in some heavy metal oxide borate glasses at 662 keV

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The linear attenuation coefficient (μ) and mass attenuation coefficients (μ/ρ) of glasses in three systems: xPbO(1-x)B2O3, 0.25PbO.xCdO(0.75-x)B2O3 and xBi2O3(1-x)B2O3 were measured at 662 keV. Appreciable variations were noted in the attenuation coefficients due to changes in the chemical composition of glasses. In addition to this, absorption cross-sections per atom were also calculated. A comparison of shielding properties of these glasses with standar d shielding materials like lead, lead glass and concrete has proven that these glasses have a potential application as transparent radiation shielding. (orig.)

  4. Tm-Yb Doped Optical Fiber Performance with Variation of Host-Glass Composition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anirban Dhar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The fabrication process of Thulium-Ytterbium doped optical fiber comprising different host glass through the Modified Chemical Vapor Deposition (MCVD coupled with solution doping technique is presented. The material and optical performance of different fibers are compared with special emphasis on their lasing efficiency for 2 µm application.

  5. Tm-Yb Doped Optical Fiber Performance with Variation of Host-Glass Composition

    OpenAIRE

    Anirban Dhar; Atasi Pal; Shyamal Das; Ranjan Sen

    2014-01-01

    The fabrication process of Thulium-Ytterbium doped optical fiber comprising different host glass through the Modified Chemical Vapor Deposition (MCVD) coupled with solution doping technique is presented. The material and optical performance of different fibers are compared with special emphasis on their lasing efficiency for 2 µm application.

  6. Influence of modifier oxide on spectroscopic and thermoluminescence characteristics of Sm3+ ion in antimony borate glass system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sb2O3-B2O3:Sm3+ glasses mixed with three different modifier oxides viz., PbO, CaO and ZnO were prepared. Optical absorption, photoluminescence and thermoluminescence (TL) spectra of these glasses have been recorded at room temperature. From the measured intensities of various absorption bands of these glasses, the Judd-Ofelt parameters Ω2, Ω4 and Ω6 have been evaluated. The Judd-Ofelt theory could successfully be applied to characterize the absorption and luminescence spectra of these glasses. From this theory, various radiative properties like transition probability A, branching ratio βr, the radiative lifetime τr, and the emission cross-section σE for various emission levels of these glasses have been determined and reported. An attempt has also been made to throw some light on the relationship between the structural modifications and luminescence efficiencies of all the three glasses. The analysis of TL data indicates high non-radiative losses in ZnO mixed glasses

  7. Study on the preparation and properties of silver-doped phosphate antibacterial glasses (Part I)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, A. A.; Ali, A. A.; Mahmoud, Doaa A. R.; El-Fiqi, A. M.

    2011-05-01

    Silver-doped phosphate antibacterial glasses were prepared by the melting method. The antibacterial effects of some undoped and silver-doped glasses of compositions 65P 2O 5-10CaO-(25- x) Na 2O, 70P 2O 5-20CaO-(10- x) Na 2Oand (70- x) P 2O 5-30CaO, (where x = 0, 0.5, 1.2 Ag 2O), against Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli micro-organisms using agar disk-diffusion assays were investigated. The structures of some glasses were studied by XRD, FT-IR, and UV-VIS spectroscopy. The variation of pH with dissolution rate was studied. The tested silver-free and silver-doped glasses demonstrated different antibacterial effects against the tested micro-organisms. For silver-free glasses, an increase in inhibition zone diameter (zone of no bacterial growth) was seen with the decrease in water pH. Silver-doped glasses showed an increase in inhibition zone diameter with increasing Ag 2O content. The low pH produced by glass dissolution was certainly a critical factor for glass antibacterial effect. The more the phosphate ions released the lower is the pH and the greater the antibacterial effect.

  8. Study of vibrational spectroscopy, linear and non-linear optical properties of Sm3+ ions doped BaO-ZnO-B2O3 glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nanda, Kirti; Kundu, R. S.; Sharma, Sarita; Mohan, Devendra; Punia, R.; Kishore, N.

    2015-07-01

    Samarium oxide doped Barium-Zinc-Borate glasses with compositions xSm2O3-(100-x)[0.1BaO-0.4ZnO-0.5B2O3]; x = 0.0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 have been prepared by melt quench technique. The amorphous nature of as-prepared glasses has been ascertained by X-ray diffraction patterns. The observed values of density and molar volume of the glass samples are found to increase with the increase in concentration of Sm2O3. Fourier Transform Infrared spectra of the prepared glasses indicate that Sm2O3 acts as glass modifier. With the increase in Sm2O3 content, BO4 structural units start converting into BO3 structural units. The values of optical energy band gap (Eg), estimated from Tauc's plots, are observed to decrease with the increase in Sm2O3 content. The nonlinear optical properties of glass samples have been investigated by Z-scan method with nanosecond pulsed laser at ˜532 nm in both open and close aperture geometries. The values of two photon absorption coefficient (β) and nonlinear refractive index (n2) have been estimated by fitting of experimentally observed data with theoretical models and both are found to increase with the increase in Sm3+ ions concentration in the glass matrix. The total third order nonlinear susceptibility (χ(3)) have been calculated and observed to increase with the increase in Sm3+ ions concentration.

  9. Optical transitions in Er3+ doped lead germanate glasses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Zhong-Min; Xu Shi-Qing; Hu Li-Li; Jiang Zhong-Hong

    2004-01-01

    Er3+- and Er3+/Yb3+-doped lead germanate glasses that are suitable for use in fibre lasers and optical amplifiers as well as optical waveguide devices have been fabricated and characterized. The absorption spectra from near-infrared to visible were obtained and the Judd-Ofelt parameters were determined from the absorption band. Intense and broad 1.53μm infrared fluorescence and visible upconversion luminescence were observed under 976 nm diode laser excitation.For 1.53μm emission band, the full widths at half-maximum are 36, 37, 51 nm for GPE, GPYE and GPFE samples,respectively. For frequency upconversion emission, the intense bands centred at around 524, 545, 657nm are due to the 4S3/2 + 2H11/2 → 4I15/2 and 4F9/2 → 4I15/2 transitions of Era+ ions. The quadratic dependence of the green and red emissions on excitation power indicates that the two-photon absorption process occurs under the 976nm excitation.

  10. Spectroscopic properties of Er3+ doped glass ceramics containing Sr2GdF7 nanocrystals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Er3+ doped transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics containing Sr2GdF7 nanocrystals were prepared and their spectroscopic properties were discussed. The formation of Sr2GdF7 nanocrystals in the glass ceramics was confirmed by x-ray diffraction. The split peaks of the upconversion and near infrared emission bands of the Er3+ doped glass ceramics can be observed. The upconversion luminescence intensity of Er3+ in the glass ceramics increased significantly with the increasing heat treated temperature. The luminescence decay curves and time-resolved spectra indicated that the lifetime of the 4S3/2 state of Er3+ in the glass ceramic was longer than that in the glass

  11. Lead fluorosilicate glass ceramics doped with Nd3+, Er3+, and Yb3+

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrova, O. B.; Khomyakov, A. V.

    2013-06-01

    Glasses in the PbF2-PbO-SiO2 system doped with 1 mol % of rare-earth elements (Nd3+, Er3+, or Yb3+) are synthesized and studied. The glasses were heat-treated in order to obtain glass ceramics with a fluoride crystalline phase. The changes in the structure and spectral optical properties of glass ceramics with respect to initial glasses were determined by using X-ray diffraction analysis and by studying the luminescent characteristics of dopant ions.

  12. UV Laser Induced Transmission Change of Pure and Doped Silica Glass

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIE Junlin; DENG Tao; LUO Jie; BAN Qingrong

    2008-01-01

    Pure and F,GeO2-doped silica glass cut from fiber preforms prepared by plasma assisted chemical vapor deposition(PCVD) were investigated by ultraviolet absorption spectroscopy.The ultraviolet absorption characteristics of these glasses were also studied after UV laser irradiation and heating treatment.It was found that absorption band near 240 nm assigned to GODC was found both in GeO2-doped and F-GeO2 co-doped silica glass,but absorption intensity of the latter was lower than that of the former.It's because F can react with GODC and GeE' simultaneously and reduce their concentration.After irradiation,UV absorption change of F-GeO2 co-doped silica glass was weaker than that of GeO2-doped silica glass,it thus can be concluded that introduction of F could depress the UV absorption of GeO2-doped silica core effectively.

  13. Gain properties of germanate glasses singly doped with Tm3+ and Ho3+ ions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIN Qiongfei; XIA Haiping; ZHANG Yuepin; WANG Jinhao; ZHANG Jianli; HE Sailong

    2009-01-01

    Two kinds of germanate glasses singly doped with the ion concentration of 2.0mol.%Tm3+ and 2.0mol.%Ho3+, respectively, were prepared. According to McCumber theory, the absorption and stimulated emission cross-sections corresponding to the 3H6←→3F4 transitions of Tm3+ (at 1.8 μm) and the 5I8←→5I7 transitions of Ho3+ (at 2.0 μm) were obtained, and respective gain cross-section spectra were also computed as a function of population inversion according to absorption and emission cross-sections and the ion concentrations. For Tm3+-doped germanate glasses, the maximum of the absorption, emission, and gain cross-sections reached a value higher than those reported for fluorozirconate, fluoride, and oxyfluoride glasses. For Ho3+-doped germanate glasses, the maximum of absorption, emission, and gain cross-sections reached a value higher than that reported for fluorozircoaluminate glasses. Hence, these Tm3+-doped and Ho3+-doped germanate glasses exhibited an advantage for application in mid-infrared lasers at about 1.8 and 2.0 μm wavelength.

  14. Preparation and Luminescence of Er3+ Doped Oxyfluoride Glass Ceramics Containing LaF3 Nanocrystals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Er3+ doped transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics containing LaF3 nanocrystals were prepared and the up-con-version and near infrared luminescence behavior of Er3+ in glasses and glass ceramics were investigated. With increasing heat-treating time and temperature, the size (varied from 0 to 19 nm) and crystallinity (varied from 0 to 47%) of LaF3 nanocrystals in the glass ceramics are increased. The up-conversion luminescence intensity of Er3+ ions in the glass ceramics is much stronger than that in the glasses and increased significantly with increasing heat-treating time and temperature. The near infrared emission of Er3+ ions in the glass ceramics is found to be similar to that in the glasses.

  15. Electron spin resonance and optical absorption spectroscopic studies of Cu2+ ions in aluminium lead borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► It is for the first time to study optical absorption and EPR in these glasses. ► The thermal properties are new and interesting in this glass system. ► It is for the first time to report three optical bands for Cu2+ in oxide glasses. ► The interesting optical results are due to excellent sample preparation. - Abstract: Electron Spin Resonance and optical absorption spectral studies of Cu2+ ions in 5 Al2O3 + 75 B2O3 + (20-z) PbO + z CuO (where z = 0.1–1.5 mol.% of CuO) glasses have been reported. The EPR spectra of all the glasses show resonance signals characteristic of Cu2+ ions at both room and low temperatures. The number of spins and Gibbs energy were calculated at different concentrations and temperatures. From the plot of the ratio of logarithmic number of spins and absolute temperature and the reciprocal of absolute temperature, the entropy and enthalpy have been evaluated. The optical absorption spectra of all the glasses exhibit three bands and these bands have been assigned to 2B1g → 2Eg, 2B1g → 2B2g, and 2B1g → 2A1g transitions in the decreasing order of energy. It is for the first time to observe three optical absorption bands for Cu2+ ions in oxide glasses. Such type of results is due to excellent sample preparation. From the EPR and optical absorption spectroscopies data, the molecular orbital coefficients have been evaluated.

  16. Synthesis, thermal and photoluminescent properties of ZnSe- based oxyfluoride glasses doped with samarium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rare earth (RE) doped glasses and glass ceramic materials have recently received considerable attention because of their potential or realized applications as X-ray intensifying screens, phosphors, detectors, waveguides, lasers etc. [1]. In this work, we present a new RE doped ZnO-ZnSe-SrF2-P2O5-B2O3-Sm2O3-SmF3 (ZSPB) glass system synthesized by melt quenching technique. The resulting glasses were visually fully transparent and stable with glass the transition temperatures around 530°C. The thermal properties of this glass system were characterized by Modulated Differential Scanning Calorimetry (MDSC) measurements before and after annealing at 650°C. We have characterized these glasses by Raman spectroscopy and photoluminescence (PL) measurements over the UV-VIS range using light emitting diodes (LED) and laser diodes (LD) excitation sources. We have also irradiated thermally treated and non-treated glass samples by X-rays and have studied the resulting PL. We discuss the results in terms of previously reported models for Sm-doped Zn-borophosphate oxide, oxyfluoride and oxyselenide glasses

  17. Influence of Bi2O3 on thermal, structural and dielectric properties of lithium zinc bismuth borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Quaternary Li2O ZnO Bi2O3 B2O3 glasses were synthesized using melt-quench method. • Bi2O3 acts as network former as well as network modifier. • Impedance data were analyzed using conductivity and modulus formalisms. • Normalized plots of electrical modulus overlap on a single ‘master curve’. - Abstract: The quaternary glass system 30Li2O⋅20ZnO⋅xBi2O3⋅(50−x)B2O3 (with x = 0, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 mol%), were fabricated by the conventional melt quench technique. The characterization of the samples include physical properties (density and molar volume), thermal properties using differential scanning analysis, structural studies using IR spectroscopy, optical properties using UV–VIS–NIR spectroscopy and dielectric properties using impedance spectroscopy. Density and molar volume variations with glass composition have been discussed. The non-linear compositional change in glass transition temperature and result obtained from IR studies confirm that Bi2O3 play dual role i.e. as network modifying oxide as well as network forming oxide. Also, the significant shifting of band at 1384–1305 cm−1 with increase in Bi2O3 content in the glass matrix suggests the formation of new boron–oxygen ring. The presence of sharp cut-off and large transmission in UV–VIS–NIR regime make these glasses suitable for spectral devices. The cut-off wavelength, optical band gap and Urbach’s energy were determined from the absorption spectra and were related with the structural changes occurring in these glasses with increase in Bi2O3:B2O3 ratio. The complex impedance plots show depressed semicircles that shift towards origin with increase in temperature. This reveals the migration of charge carrier ions in glass matrix is thermally stimulated. The frequency-dependent complex impedance data were analyzed in the framework of conductivity and modulus formalisms. The dc conductivity decreases with increase in Bi2O3 content (dc for LZBB 4 sample implies

  18. Structure and properties of soda lime silicate glass doped with rare earth

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Soda-lime-silicate glasses doped with different rare-earth oxides (La2O3, CeO2, Nd2O3, Gd2O3 and Y2O3) of 1 mol% content were prepared with the traditional melting-quenching methods. In order to reveal the effects of rare-earth elements on the behavior of soda-lime-silicate glass, the structure of soda-lime-silicate glasses doped with different rare-earth oxides were determined with Fourier transform infrared spectrometer using the KBr method, and viscosity of glass melts were measured by the rotating crucible viscometer, the melting temperature of the studied glasses were derived on the basis of Arrhenius Equation, moreover the density, bending strength and molar volume were measured and calculated. The effect of rare-earth dopants on the structure of soda-lime-silicate was analyzed by a shift of peak position and variation in the full-width at half-maximum. The effect of doping rare-earth oxides into glass on the viscosity, density and bending strength was interpreted by changing in structure of soda-lime-silicate glasses doped with rare-earth oxides.

  19. Preparation and Optical Properties of Er3+ -Doped Gadolinium Borosilicate Glasses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Jiangting; Zhang Jiahua; Chen Baojiu; Lu Shaozhe; Ren Xinguang; Wang Xiaojun

    2005-01-01

    Er3+-doped Gd2 O3 -SiO2 -B2 O3 -Na2O glasses were prepared, and formation range of glass of Gd2 O3 -SiO2 -B2O3 system was experimentally obtained. It is found that the glass phase can be formed only when the content of SiO2 is 0~50%(molar fraction), Gd2O3 is 0~30%(molar fraction) and B2 O3 is above 20%(molar fraction) in this glass system. The glass can also be obtained but becomes translucent at the contents of 60%(molar fraction) SiO2 and 30% Gd2O3 , or at the contents of 60%(molar fraction) SiO2 and 30%(molar fraction) B2O3. There is no glass phase formed in other glass components. Glass forming ability for Gd2O3 content of 10%, was characterized by the value of β, the parameter of crystallization tendency, which is 0.32~1.76, obtained from the differential thermal analysis. The absorption and emission cross section, the J-O parameters Ωt(2,4,6) and radiative transition probabilities were calculated by using the theory of McCumber and Judd-Ofelt. The emission properties at 1.5 μm of the samples are discussed with the product of full width at half maximum and stimulated emission cross section. It can be seen that the value of the FWHM×σepeak product in the prepared glass is more than those of germanate, silicate and phosphate glasses. Furthermore, the maximum value of the product among these glasses reported in this work is close to that of oxyfluoride silicate glass. Therefore, the Er3+-doped gadolinium borosilicate glass in this paper is a candidate for broadband erbium doped fiber amplifiers.

  20. Spectroscopic and fluorescence properties of Sm3+-doped zincfluorophosphate glasses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    VB Sreedhar; Ch Basavapoornima; CK Jayasankar

    2014-01-01

    Optical absorption and fluorescence spectra of Sm3+-doped zincfluorophosphate glasses with molar composition of 44P2O5+17K2O+9Al2O3+(30-x)ZnF2+xSm2O3 (x=0.01 mol.%, 0.05 mol.%, 0.1 mol.%, 0.5 mol.%, 1.0 mol.%, 2.0 and 3.0 mol.%) referred as PKAZFSm were prepared by melt quenching technique and were characterized through Raman, absorption, emission and decay curve analysis. From the absorption spectra, Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters were determined and were used to predict radiative properties such as transition probabilities (AR), radiative lifetimes (τR), branching ratios (βR), effective bandwidths (Δλef ) and stimu-lated emission cross-section (σ(λp)) for the excited 4G5/2 luminescent level. The decay curve for the 4G5/2 level was single exponential for lower concentration and became non-exponential for higher concentrations. The non-exponential nature of the decay curves of the 4G5/2 level increased with increase in Sm3+ions concentration accompanied by decrease in lifetime due to energy transfer processes among the Sm3+ions. The non-exponential decay curves was well fitted to the generalized Inokuti-Hirayama model for S=6, indicat-ing that the energy transfer among optically active ions was of dipole-dipole interaction. The cross-relaxation mechanism responsible for the quenching of lifetimes and the effect of variation of concentration on the spectroscopic properties were also discussed.

  1. Nanodiamond in tellurite glass Part II: practical nanodiamond-doped fibers

    CERN Document Server

    Ruan, Yinlan; Johnson, Brett C; Ohshima, Takeshi; Greentree, Andrew D; Gibson, Brant C; Monro, Tanya M; Ebendorff-Heidepriem, Heike

    2014-01-01

    Tellurite glass fibers with embedded nanodiamond are attractive materials for quantum photonics applications. Reducing the loss of these fibers in the 600-800 nm wavelength range of nanodiamond fluorescence is essential to exploit the unique properties of nanodiamond in the new hybrid material. The first part of this study reported the origin of loss in nanodiamond-doped glass and impact of glass fabrication conditions. Here, we report the fabrication of nanodiamond-doped tellurite fibers with significantly reduced loss in the visible through further understanding of the impact of glass fabrication conditions on the interaction of the glass melt with the embedded nanodiamond. We fabricated tellurite fibers containing nanodiamond in concentrations up to 0.7 ppm-weight, while reducing the loss by more than an order of magnitude down to 10 dB/m at 600-800 nm.

  2. X-ray absorption studies of gamma irradiated Nd doped phosphate glass

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents the X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) studies of Nd doped phosphate glasses before and after gamma irradiation. The intensity and location of LIII edge white line peak of Nd changes depending on its concentration as well as on the ratio of O/Nd in the glass matrix. The decrease in the peak intensity of white line after gamma irradiation indicates towards reduction of Nd3+ to Nd2+ in the glass matrix, which increases with an increase in the doses of gamma irradiation. Similarity in the XANES spectra of Nd doped phosphate glasses and Nd2O3 suggests that coordination geometry around Nd3+ in glass samples may be identical to that of Nd2O3

  3. X-ray absorption studies of gamma irradiated Nd doped phosphate glass

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rai, V. N., E-mail: vnrai@rrcat.gov.in [Indus Synchrotron Utilization Division, Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore-452013 (India); Rajput, Parasmani; Jha, S. N.; Bhattacharyya, D. [Atomic & Molecular Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai-400085 (India)

    2015-06-24

    This paper presents the X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) studies of Nd doped phosphate glasses before and after gamma irradiation. The intensity and location of L{sub III} edge white line peak of Nd changes depending on its concentration as well as on the ratio of O/Nd in the glass matrix. The decrease in the peak intensity of white line after gamma irradiation indicates towards reduction of Nd{sup 3+} to Nd{sup 2+} in the glass matrix, which increases with an increase in the doses of gamma irradiation. Similarity in the XANES spectra of Nd doped phosphate glasses and Nd{sub 2}O{sub 3} suggests that coordination geometry around Nd{sup 3+} in glass samples may be identical to that of Nd{sub 2}O{sub 3}.

  4. Thermal degradation of ultrabroad bismuth NIR luminescence in bismuth-doped tantalum germanate laser glasses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Liping; Zhao, Yanqi; Xu, Shanhui; Peng, Mingying

    2016-04-01

    Because of ultra-broadband luminescence in 1000-1700 nm and consequent applications in fiber amplifier and lasers in the new spectral range where traditional rare earth cannot work, bismuth-doped laser glasses have received rising interest recently. For long-term practical application, thermal degradation must be considered for the glasses. This, however, has seldom been investigated. Here we report the thermal degradation of bismuth-doped germanate glass. Heating and cooling cycle experiments at high temperature reveal strong dependence of the thermal degradation on glass compositions. Bismuth and tantalum lead to the reversible degradation, while lithium can produce permanent irreversible degradation. The degradation becomes worse as lithium content increases in the glass. Absorption spectra show this is due to partial oxidation of bismuth near-infrared emission center. Surprisingly, we notice the emission of bismuth exhibits blueshift, rather than redshift at a higher temperature, and the blueshift can be suppressed by increasing the lithium content. PMID:27192231

  5. Preparation and Spectroscopic Properties of Ce-Doped High-Silica Glass

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    In order to develop a novel electric light source, the doped high-silica glass was studied on the preparation and spectroscopic properties. The porous glasses were made firstly and were then immersed in the solution containing Ce ion. Thereafter, the high-silica glasses containing Ce ion were prepared by sintering the porous preform. The spectroscopic properties were studied before and after heat-treatment in H2. The experimental results indicate that the suitable temperature schedules are the most important to prepare doped high-silica glass. The study of the spectra shows that Ce ion can be reduced to low valence state when it is heat-treated in H2. It can be used to adjust the UV cut-off wavelength of high-silica glass by changing the valence state of Ce ion.

  6. Eu-, Tb-, and Dy-Doped Oxyfluoride Silicate Glasses for LED Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhu, C.F.; Wang, J.; Zhang, M.M.;

    2014-01-01

    , and red-light wavelengths from Tb, Dy, and Eu ions. The optical performances can be tuned by varying the glass composition and excitation wavelength. Furthermore, we observed a remarkable emission spectral change for the Tb3+ single-doped oxyfluoride silicate glasses. The 5D3 emission of Tb3+ can......Luminescence glass is a potential candidate for the light-emitting diodes (LEDs) applications. Here, we study the structural and optical properties of the Eu-, Tb-, and Dy-doped oxyfluoride silicate glasses for LEDs by means of X-ray diffraction, photoluminescence spectra, Commission Internationale...... de L’Eclairage (CIE) chromaticity coordinates, and correlated color temperatures (CCTs). The results show that the white light emission can be achieved in Eu/Tb/Dy codoped oxyfluoride silicate glasses under excitation by near-ultraviolet light due to the simultaneous generation of blue, green, yellow...

  7. Thermal, chemical and structural characteristics of erbium-doped sodium phosphate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thermal, chemical and structural characteristics of the erbium-doped sodium phosphate glasses with 1-6 mol% Er2O3 were investigated. The glass transition temperature increase, but the thermal expansion coefficient and the dissolution rate of the glasses decrease with increasing Er2O3 content. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Fourier transformed infrared (FTIR) spectrometer were used to inspect the structural changes of the glasses. The doping of Er2O3 induces the depolymerization of the glasses at the Q3 tetrahedral sites. The relative content of bridging oxygen (b-O) decreases and that of non-bridging oxygen (nb-O), which is attributed to the forming of the ionic P-O-...Er3+ linkages between phosphate chains, increases with increasing Er2O3 content

  8. Multi-functionality of luminescent glasses for energy applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steudel, F.; Loos, S.; Ahrens, B.; Schweizer, S.

    2015-09-01

    Rare-earth-(RE) doped barium borate glasses are investigated for their potential use as photon downshifting cover glasses for CdTe solar cells and as converters for white light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The glasses are doped with trivalent RE ions such as Eu3+ and Tb3+, resulting in an intense luminescence in the red (Eu3+) and green (Tb3+) spectral range upon excitation in the ultraviolet and blue ranges. Doping the glasses with two different RE ions enables broader absorption, which is necessary for both photovoltaic applications and for the appropriate color mixing needed for use in white LEDs. Though the single-doped cover glasses already reveal a slight increase in the short-circuit current density of CdTe solar cells, the double-doped glasses allow for even higher efficiency gains due to the significantly broader spectral range for absorption. For an Eu3+/Tb3+ double-doped glass with an RE doping level of 1 at.% each, an efficiency increase of 1.32% can be achieved. Furthermore, the Eu3+/Tb3+ double-doped glasses enable appropriate color mixing in the green-to-red spectral range by varying the RE doping level accordingly.

  9. Enhanced mid-IR emission in Yb3+-Tm3+ co-doped oxyfluoride glass ceramics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Research highlights: → Tm3+ and Yb3+ ions had been enriched in the nanocrystals of the glass ceramics. → Mid-IR luminescence intensity of the glass ceramics was enhanced. → Judd-Ofelt theory was used to calculate optical parameters. - Abstract: Tm3+-Yb3+ co-doped transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics were prepared through thermal treatment of the as-prepared glasses. The precipitation of nanocrystals and the incorporation of Tm3+ and Yb3+ into the nanocrystals were confirmed by X-ray diffraction and absorption spectra. Based on the Judd-Ofelt theory, the J-O parameters Ωλ (λ = 2, 4, 6), spontaneous radiative transition rates, radiative lifetimes and fluorescence branching ratios of Tm3+ in both as-prepared glasses and glass ceramics were calculated. Intense mid-IR emission and upconversion luminescence in the Tm3+ and Yb3+ co-doped glass ceramics were observed under 980 nm excitation. Especially, compared with that of the as-prepared glasses, mid-IR luminescence intensity of Tm3+ in the glass ceramics was greatly enhanced. Desirable spectroscopic characteristics suggest that these oxyfluoride glass ceramics may be promising mid-IR laser active medium.

  10. Optical properties and laser parameters of Nd 3+-doped flouride glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tesar, A.; Campbell, J.; Weber, M.; Weinzapfel, C.; Lin, Y.; Meissner, H.; Toratani, H.

    1992-09-01

    Optical properties and laser parameters for 27 Nd 3+-doped flouride glasses are reported. Included are glasses based on zirconium flouride, hafnium flouride, and aluminum flouride and other glasses formed from mixtures of several heavy metal flourides. Measurements were made of the 4F 3/2→ 4I 11/2 flourescence spectra and the concentration-dependent flourescence decays. Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters were derived from absorption spectra and used to calculate the 4F 3/2→ 4I 11/2 stimulated emission cross section and the 4F 3/2 radiative lifetime. Cross sections showed only a small variation with glass composition, ranging from 2.2 to 3.4 pm 2; the radiative lifetimes ranged from 470 to 650 μs. Results for these flouride glasses are compared with values for BeF 2-based glasses and for oxide and oxyflouride laser glasses.

  11. Growth and characterization of pure and 1, 10 phenanthraline doped potassium penta borate (KB5) single crystals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We concentrate on the low temperature slow solvent evaporation method and characterization of pure and 1, 10 phenanthraline doped KB5 and describe its potential as a non-linear optical material. The grown crystal has been subjected to single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis to identify the unit cell parameters and crystal system. The presence of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen content were confirmed by CHN analysis. The Kurtz's-Perry powder SHG efficiency was determined for both pure and 1,10 phenanthraline doped KB5 crystals as 1.6 and 2.2 times than that of pure KDP. Surface morphology of the pure and doped KB5 crystals has been found to be Scanning Electron Microscopic technique (SEM).

  12. 信息动态%Spectral Analysis of Ho3+ -doped and Ho3+, Yb3+, Er3+ Co-doped Up-conversion Luminescence Borosilicate Glass

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    A series of holmium ions doped borosilicate glass, including Ho3+ -doped, Ho3+/ Er3+ -doped, Ho3+/ Y Yb3+-doped and Ho3 Yb3 YEr3+ -doped galss, have been prepared by high-temperature melting. The up-conversion excitation spectra and emission spectra of the samples decrease. The analysis result reveals that both the intensities of excitation spectra and emission spectra were weaken with the Ho3+ concentration. The spectral intensities of Ho3+/Yb3+ -doped borosilicate glass increase with the increase of Ho3+ concentration because of the sensitization of Yb3+. The excitation and emission spectra intensities of Ho3+/Yb3 +/Er3+-doped borosilicate glass are weak, and the reason is the energy transfers from Ho3+ ions to Er3+ ions through energy resonant transfer process. Meanwhile the luminescence mechanism of broadband emission peaked at 550 nm is analyzed.

  13. Uniform upconversion in high-concentration Er3+-doped soda lime silicate and aluminosilicate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Uniform upconversion in erbium-doped silicate glasses is investigated as a function of glass composition, concentration, and fabrication method. Comparisons of upconversion coefficients are made among soda lime silicate and aluminosilicate bulk glasses and soda lime silicate waveguides. Comparisons are also made with studies performed by other researchers. The results indicate that both the composition and the preparation method of the glass affect the value of the upconversion coefficient, with as much as a factor-of-4 variation observed at fixed Er3+ concentration. Values of the upconversion coefficient are found to be consistent with the Foerster endash Dexter microscopic model. copyright 1997 Optical Society of America

  14. Energy storage and heat deposition in Cr,Yb,Er co-doped phosphate glass

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Chen; Shunguang Li; Lei Wen; Yongchun Xu; Lili Hu; Biao Wang; Wei Chen

    2006-01-01

    Energy storage and heat deposition in Cr,Yb,Er co-doped phosphate glass were reported. A model based on rate equations was used to determine the energy storage from the free-oscillating output energy characteristics. The heat deposition was calculated by measuring the temperature rise of the glass rod. The results provided important information for the glass operating in Q-switched mode, and also for calculating the temperature profiles and cooling requirements of the glass under single shot and repetitive pulsed conditions.

  15. Structure and distortion of lead fluoride nanocrystals in rare earth doped oxyfluoride glass ceramics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ge, Jin; Zhao, Lijuan; Guo, Hui; Lan, Zijian; Chang, Lifen; Li, Yiming; Yu, Hua

    2013-10-28

    A series of rare earth (RE) doped oxyfluoride glasses with the composition of (45-x) SiO2-5Al2O3-40PbF2-10CdF2-xRe2O3 (x = 1, 5, 10, 15) (mol%) were prepared by a traditional melt-quenching method. Glass ceramics (GCs) were obtained after thermal treatment and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) to investigate the nanocrystal structure and distortion. Both the dopant type and the doping level play an important role in the distortion of the PbF2-RE lattice. It is found that a cubic Pb3REF9 phase forms in low doping GCs, a tetragonal PbREF5 phase forms in middle doping GCs and cubic PbRE3F11 forms in high doping GCs. Accordingly, the site symmetry of RE(3+) dopants in β-PbF2 nanocrystal undergoes a transition of Oh···D4h···Oh with the increase of doping level. The change in the ligands coordinating the RE(3+) ions was further illustrated by the optical changes in Yb-doped GCs. This paper provides insights on the nanocrystal structure of RE at the atomic level and tries to make a complete description of the nanocrystal structure and distortion in these glass-ceramic materials, which will benefit the optimization of optical properties. PMID:24019159

  16. Optical properties of 3d transition metal ion-doped sodium borosilicate glass

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wen, Hongli [School of Chemical Engineering and Light Industry, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong (China); Tanner, Peter A., E-mail: peter.a.tanner@gmail.com [Department of Science and Environmental Studies, The Hong Kong Institute of Education, 10 Lo Ping Road, Tai Po, N.T., Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (Hong Kong)

    2015-03-15

    Graphical abstract: Photographs of undoped (SiO{sub 2}){sub 50} (Na{sub 2}O){sub 25} (B{sub 2}O{sub 3}){sub 25} (SiNaB) glass and transition metal ion-doped (TM){sub 0.5} (SiO{sub 2}){sub 49.5} (Na{sub 2}O){sub 25} (B{sub 2}O{sub 3}){sub 25} glass samples. - Highlights: • 3d transition metal ion (from Ti to Zn) doped SiO{sub 2}-Na{sub 2}O-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} glasses. • Optical properties of doped glasses investigated. • V(IV,V); Cr(III, VI); Mn(II,III); Fe(II,III); Co(II); Ni(II); Cu(II) by XANES, DRS. • Strong visible absorption but only vanadium ion gives strong emission in glass. - Abstract: SiO{sub 2}-Na{sub 2}O-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} glasses doped with 3d-transition metal species from Ti to Zn were prepared by the melting-quenching technique and their optical properties were investigated. The X-ray absorption near edge spectra of V, Cr, and Mn-doped glasses indicate that the oxidation states of V(IV, V), Cr(III, VI) and Mn(II, III) exist in the studied glasses. The oxidation states revealed from the diffuse reflectance spectra of the glasses are V(IV, V), Cr(III, VI), Mn(III), Fe(II, III), Co(II), Ni(II), and Cu(II). Most of the 3d transition element ions exhibit strong absorption in the visible spectral region in the glass. Under ultraviolet excitation, the undoped sodium borosilicate glass produces weak and broad emission, while doping of vanadium introduces strong and broad emission due to the V(V) charge transfer transition. Only weak emission is observed from Ti(IV), Mn(II), Fe(III) and Cu(II), partly resulting from the strong electron–phonon coupling of the 3d-electrons and the relatively high phonon energy of the studied glass host, with the former leading to dominant nonradiative relaxation based on multiphonon processes for most of the 3d excited states.

  17. Formation and bleaching of induced colour centres in gamma-irradiated vanadium-containing alkali-borate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nature of radiation-induced defects and defect generation process in glasses of the base composition B2O3 and R2O + 0.5 g V2O5, where R is Li2O, Na2O or K2O were studied. The glasses were exposed to successive irradiation doses up to 17 kGy and their optical absorption spectra were measured in the range 200-1100 nm. Three factors were investigated: the role of V2O5, the effect of chemical composition, irradiation doses and the decay of colour centres by heat treatment at 200oC. The optical spectra have been shown to reveal the presence of V3+, V4+ and V5+ ions altogether in varying proportions. The response of the glass to irradiation is related to the competition between formation and annihilation of induced defects and hence the observed characteristic colour centres. The rate of thermal bleaching at interval times was discussed. (author)

  18. Spectral Properties of Erbium-Doped Oxyfluoride Silicate Glasses for Broadband Optical Amplifiers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐时清; 杨中民; 戴世勋; 杨建虎; 温磊; 胡丽丽; 姜中宏

    2003-01-01

    The new oxyfluoride silicate glasses of Er3+-doped 50SiO2-(50-x)PbO-xPbF2 were prepared. With increasing PbF2 content in the glass composition, the fluorescence full width at half maximum and lifetimes of the 4I13/2level of Er3+ increase, while the refractive indices and densities decrease. Er3+-doped 50SiO2-50PbF2 glass showed broad fluorescence spectra of 1.55μm with a large stimulated emission cross-section and long lifetimes of 4I13/2level of Er3+. Compared with other glass hosts, the gain bandwidth properties of Er3+-doped 50SiO2-50PbF2glass are close to those of tellurite and bismuth glasses, and have advantages over those of silicate, phosphate and germante glasses. The broad and flat 4I13/2 → 4I15/2 emission of Er3+ around 1.55μm can be used as host material for potential broadband optical amplifier in wavelength-division-multiplexing network system.

  19. Luminescence performance of Eu$^{3+}-doped lead-free zinc phosphate glasses for red emission

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Y C RATNAKARAM; V REDDY PRASAD; S BABU; V V RAVI KANTH KUMAR

    2016-08-01

    In this study, the luminescence performance of zinc phosphate glasses containing Eu$^{3+}$ ion with the chemical compositions $(60–x)NH_4H_2PO_4-20ZnO-10BaF_2-10NaF–x$ Eu$_2$O$_3$ (where $x = 0.2, 0.5, 1.0$ and 1.5 mol%) has been studied. These glasses were characterized by several spectroscopic techniques at room temperature. Allthe glasses showed relatively broad fluorescence excitation and luminescence spectra. Luminescence spectra of these glasses exhibit characteristic emission of Eu$^{3+}$ ion with an intense and most prominent red emission (614 nm), which is attributed to ${}^5$D$_0\\to {}^{7}$F$_2$ transition. Judd-Ofelt ($\\Omega_2$, $\\Omega_4$) parameters have been evaluated from the luminescence intensity ratios of ${}^5$D$_0\\to {}^{7}$F$_J$ (where $J = 2$ and 4) to ${}^5$D$_0\\to {}^{7}$F$_1$ transition. Using J-O parameters and excitationspectra, the radiative parameters are calculated for different Eu$^{3+}-doped glasses. Effect of $\\gamma$-irradiation at fixed dose has been studied for all the Eu$^{3+}$-doped glass matrices. The lifetimes of the excited level, ${}^{5}D$_0$, have been measured experimentally through decay profiles. The colour chromaticity coordinates are calculated and represented in the chromaticity diagram for Eu$^{3+}$-doped zinc phosphate glasses for all concentrations.

  20. Er3+–Al2O3 nanoparticles doping of borosilicate glass

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Jonathan Massera; Laeticia Petit; Joona Koponen; Benoit Glorieux; Leena Hupa; Mikko Hupa

    2015-09-01

    Novel borosilicate glasses were developed by adding in the glass batch Er3+–Al2O3 nanoparticles synthetized by using a soft chemical method. A similar nanoparticle doping with modified chemical vapour deposition (MCVD) process was developed to increase the efficiency of the amplifying silica fibre in comparison to using MCVD and solution doping. It was shown that with the melt quench technique, a Er3+–Al22O3 nanoparticle doping neither leads to an increase in the Er3+ luminescence properties nor allows one to control the rare-earth chemical environment in a borosilicate glass. The site of Er3+ in the Er3+–Al2O3 nanoparticle containing glass seems to be similar as in glasses with the same composition prepared using standard raw materials. We suspect the Er3+ ions to diffuse from the nanoparticles into the glass matrix. There was no clear evidence of the presence of Al2O3 nanoparticles in the glasses after melting.

  1. Spectroscopic investigations on γ-irradiated Eu3+ and Dy3+ doped oxyfluoride glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, G.; Bagga, R.; Cemmi, A.; Falconieri, M.; Baccaro, S.

    2015-03-01

    Changes in the UV-visible spectra of undoped and Dy/Eu singly doped oxyfluoride glasses with varying PbF2/CdF2 content were studied under high doses of gamma irradiation. The unirradiated undoped and doped glasses exhibited strong UV absorption and characteristic absorption bands due to the presence of rare earth ions. Gamma irradiation caused loss of transmission and red shift in the cut-off wavelength for the undoped and doped samples. The radiation induced absorption coefficient and energy band gap depicted variation due to the nature of rare earth as well as the host matrix. The rare earth addition affected the physical properties (density, refractive index, molar volume) and the structure of the studied glasses revealed by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy.

  2. Determining the 6Li Doped Side of a Glass Scintillator for Ultra Cold Neutrons

    CERN Document Server

    Jamieson, Blair

    2015-01-01

    Ultracold neutron (UCN) detectors using two visually very similar, to the microscopic level, pieces of optically contacted Cerium doped lithium glasses have been proposed for high rate UCN experiments. The chief difference between the two glass scintillators is that one side is 6Li depleted and the other side Li doped. This note outlines a method to determine which side of the glass stack is doped with 6Li using AmBe and 252Cf neutron sources, and a Si surface barrier detector. The method sees an excess of events around the alpha and triton energies of neutron capture on 6Li when the enriched side is facing the Si surface barrier detector.

  3. Luminescent properties of Ln3+ doped tellurite glasses containing AlF3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walas, Michalina; Pastwa, Agata; Lewandowski, Tomasz; Synak, Anna; Gryczyński, Ignacy; Sadowski, Wojciech; Kościelska, Barbara

    2016-09-01

    The low-phonon energy tellurite glasses TeO2-BaO-Bi2O3 and TeO2-BaO-Bi2O3-AlF3 triply doped with Eu3+, Tb3+, Tm3+ ions in two different molar ratios were synthesized using melt-quenching technique. Their structure and luminescence properties were widely investigated by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Photoluminescence Spectroscopy (PL). The luminescence spectra of Eu3+, Tb3+, Tm3+ co-doped glasses show apart of the bands corresponding to the 4f-4f transitions of lanthanide ions also band corresponding to glass matrix. AlF3 doping increases emission intensity, although to improve overall emission color further studies on molar composition of samples and the molar ratio of the components should be carried out.

  4. Luminescent properties of Tb3+-doped transparent glass ceramics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dense transparent glass ceramics containing BaGdF5 and BaLu2F8 nanocrystals were prepared from the Tb3+-activated SiO2–B2O3–BaF2–Lu2O3–Gd2O3 oxyfluoride scintillating glasses by thermal treatment technology. Glass structure was investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron micrograph (SEM); the optical properties including transmission, luminescent properties excited under both ultraviolet light and X-ray excitation, and the decay times of the glass and glass ceramics were also investigated. The coexistence of BaGdF5 and BaLu2F8 nanocrystals in the transparent glass ceramics was confirmed by the XRD results, which plays a key role in the improvement of scintillation performance. The density of glass ceramics is higher compared with the precursor glass, and it increases with the increasing temperature of heat treatment. Moreover, a blue-shift in the excitation spectra and the decreasing decay times of Tb3+ ions are obviously observed in the glass and glass ceramics with the increasing heat treatment temperature. Compared with the precursor glass, the enhanced emission intensity of Tb3+ ions in the glass ceramics is associated with the increasing energy transfer efficiency from Gd3+ to Tb3+ ions, which is due to the precipitation of BaGdF5 and BaLu2F8 nanocrystals in glass ceramics. In addition, the energy transfer efficiency from Gd3+ to Tb3+ ions was also discussed by the stretched exponential function. - Highlights: • The BaGdF5 and BaLu2F8 nanocrystals coexist in glass ceramics. • Density of glass ceramics gets higher with the increasing heat treatment temperature. • Compared with glass, the enhanced emission intensity of Tb3+ ions in glass ceramics. • Discussed the energy transfer efficiency from Gd3+ to Tb3+ ions in glass ceramics

  5. Microstructures and upconversion luminescence of Er3+ doped and Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped oxyfluoride glass ceramics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The microstructures and upconversion luminescence of Er3+ single doped and Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped SiO2-Al2O3-CaO-NaF-CaF2 glass ceramics were investigated. Under the same heat treatment condition, the size of CaF2 nanocrystals precipitated in the co-doped sample was larger than that in the single doped one. The intense red and relatively weak green upconversion emissions were detected in both samples, while nearly nothing were detected in the corresponding as-made glasses under 980 nm excitations, implying that rare earth ions were incorporated into CaF2 nanocrystals, which was in accordance with the elemental analysis of the nanocrystals. The shortened distance between Er3+ ions is believed to enhance the energy transfers between them, resulting in the stronger red emission. A significant increase in the upconversion emission intensity in the co-doped sample due to high efficient energy transfers from Yb3+ to Er3+ ions was also observed

  6. PAL spectroscopy of rare-earth doped Ga-Ge-Te/Se glasses

    OpenAIRE

    Shpotyuk, Ya.; Ingram, A; Shpotyuk, O.

    2016-01-01

    Positron annihilation lifetime (PAL) spectroscopy was applied for the first time to study free-volume void evolution in chalcogenide glasses of Ga-Ge-Te/Se cut-section exemplified by glassy Ga10Ge15Te75 and Ga10Ge15Te72Se3 doped with 500 ppm of Tb3+ or Pr3+. The collected PAL spectra reconstructed within two-state trapping model reveal decaying tendency in positron trapping efficiency in these glasses under rare-earth doping. This effect results in unchanged or slightly increased defect-relat...

  7. Ultraviolet to visible frequency-conversion properties of rare earths doped glass ceramics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Y. Hatefi; N. Shahtahmasebi; A. Moghimi; E. Attaran

    2011-01-01

    Nd3+, Eu3+ and Tb3+ ions doped transparent chlorophosphate glass ceramics were prepared and their fiequency-conversion properties were studied. X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns evidenced the formation of expected halide nanocrystals. The absorption, excitation and emission spectra investigation indicated that some of rare earth (RE) ions were trapped in low phonon energy halide nanocrystals, and therefore an efficient down frequency-conversion was observed. The comparative spectroscopic studies of RE doped samples suggested that the glass ceramics systems are potentially applicable as efficient ultraviolet to visible frequency-conversion photonics materials.

  8. Effect of UV exposure on photochromic glasses doped with transition metal oxides

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Zaiat, S. Y.; Medhat, M.; Omar, Mona F.; Shirif, Marwa A.

    2016-07-01

    Silver halide photochromic glasses doped with one of the transition metal oxides, (Ti O2), (CoO),(Cr2 O3) are prepared using the melt quench technique. Glass samples are exposed to a UV source for 20 min. Spectral reflectance and transmittance at normal incidence of the prepared glasses are recorded before and after UV exposure with a double beam spectrophotometer in the spectral range 200-2500 nm. Dispersion parameters such as: single oscillator energy, dispersion energy and Abbe's number are deduced and compared. Absorption dispersion parameters, like optical energy gap for direct and indirect transitions, Urbach energy and steepness parameter, are deduced for the different glass prepared. Reflection loss, molar refractivity and electronic polarizability are deduced and compared. The effect of UV light exposure of these glasses on transmittance, reflectance, the linear and the predicted nonlinear optical parameters are investigated and discussed for the three transition metals. Nonlinear parameters increase in the three glass samples after UV exposure.

  9. Overview of ultraviolet and infrared spectroscopic properties of Yb{sup 3+} doped borate and oxy-borates compounds; De l'ultraviolet a l'infrarouge: caracterisation spectroscopique de materiaux type borate et oxyborate dopes a l'ytterbium trivalent

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sablayrolles, J

    2006-12-15

    The trivalent ytterbium ion can give rise to two emissions with different spectroscopic properties: the first one, with a short lifetime, in the ultraviolet (charge transfer emission) is used in detectors such as scintillators, and the other one, with a long lifetime, in the infrared (4f-4f emission) for laser applications. The strong link between material structure and properties is illustrated through ytterbium luminescence study, in the ultraviolet and infrared, inserted in the borate Li{sub 6}Y(BO{sub 3}){sub 3} and two oxy-borates: LiY{sub 6}O{sub 5}(BO{sub 3}){sub 3} and Y{sub 17,33}B{sub 8}O{sub 38}. For the first time an ytterbium charge transfer emission in oxy-borates has been observed. The calculation of the single configurational coordinate diagram, as well as the thermal quenching, has been conducted under a fundamental approach on the ytterbium - oxygen bond. The study of the ytterbium infrared spectroscopy in these compounds has been realised and an energy level attribution is proposed in the particular case of the borate Li{sub 6}Y(BO{sub 3}){sub 3}: Yb{sup 3+}. An original approach is introduced with the study of the charge transfer states for the three compounds by looking at the infrared emission. The first laser performances in three operating modes (continuous wave, Q-switch and mode locking) of a Li{sub 6}Y(BO{sub 3}){sub 3}: Yb{sup 3+} crystal are reported. (author)

  10. Photoinduced Second Harmonic Generation of Bi2S3 Microcrystallite Doped Silica Glass

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Silica glasses doped with Bi2S3 microcystallite was prepared by the sol-gel process. Photoinduced second harmonic generation (SHG) was observed in the glass when it was irradiated with intense 1.06 μm and frequency doubled laser beams from a mode-locked Nd: YAG laser. It was found that the signal intensity increased with the irradiating time and approached a saturation gradually.The effect may be explained reasonably by the DC field model.

  11. Apatite forming ability and cytocompatibility of pure and Zn-doped bioactive glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oudadesse, H; Dietrich, E; Gal, Y L; Pellen, P; Bureau, B; Mostafa, A A; Cathelineau, G, E-mail: hassane.oudadesse@univ-rennes1.fr [SCR, UMR-CNRS 6226, Campus de Beaulieu, Universite de Rennes 1, 263 Avenue du General Leclerc, 35042 Rennes Cedex (France)

    2011-06-15

    The use of bone grafts permits the filling of a bone defect without risk of virus transmission. In this work, pure bioactive glass (46S6) and zinc-doped bioactive glass (46S6Zn10) with 0.1 wt% zinc are used to elaborate highly bioactive materials by melting and rapid quenching. Cylinders of both types of glasses were soaked in a simulated body fluid (SBF) solution with the aim of determining the effect of zinc addition as a trace element on the chemical reactivity and bioactivity of glass. Several physico-chemical characterization methods such as x-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance methods, with particular focus on the latter, were chosen to investigate the fine structural behaviour of pure and Zn-doped bioactive glasses as a function of the soaking time of immersion in SBF. Inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES) was used to measure the concentrations of Ca and P ions in the SBF solution after different durations of immersion. The effect of the investigated samples on the proliferation rate of human osteoblast cells was assessed by the 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, and tested on two different sizes of pure and zinc-doped glasses in powder form, with particle sizes that ranged between 40 to 63 {mu}m and 500 to 600 {mu}m. The obtained results showed the delay release of ions by Zn-doped glass (46S6Zn10) and the slower CaP deposition. Cytotoxicity and cell viability were affected by the particle size of the glass. The release rate of ions was found to influence the cell viability.

  12. Structural studies of metal doped phosphate glasses and computational developments in diffraction analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Moss, Rob M.

    2009-01-01

    The thesis focuses on the analysis and determination of the structure of various metal doped phosphate glasses, which are of interest for their potential biomedical properties. The structures have been determined principally by X-ray and neutron diffraction but are also supported by complimentary X-ray absorption spectroscopy measurements and computational modelling. Such studies contribute to about half of the work presented in this thesis. Among the glasses of interest are...

  13. Composition dependence of the optical and structural properties of Eu-doped oxyfluoride glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • Eu doped oxyfluoride glasses for LED applications are studied. • Conversion of Eu3+ to Eu2+ is realized in the glasses prepared in air atmosphere. • CaF2 crystals formed during melt cooling enhance the conversion of Eu3+ to Eu2+. • Content of CaF2 crystals can be controlled by adjusting base glass compositions. - Abstract: Europium doped oxyfluoride glasses were prepared by the melt quenching method for the light emitting diodes applications. The optical and structural properties of these glasses were studied by means of photoluminescence spectra, Commission Internationale de L’Eclairage chromaticity coordinates, X-ray diffraction, and Fourier transform infrared spectra. We find that the spontaneous reduction of Eu3+ to Eu2+ is realized by Eu3+ ions occupying the sites of Ca2+ in the glasses prepared in air atmosphere. The Eu3+ to Eu2+ conversion efficiency, optical performances and structure of the glasses strongly depend on the base glass compositions. For certain base glass compositions, CaF2 crystals can form during the melt cooling process, and thereby enhance the conversion from Eu3+ to Eu2+. The formation of CaF2 crystals can be suppressed by adding CaO, Al2O3 and B2O3, but enhanced by adding Na2O and K2O in glass compositions. Finally, we propose a mechanism to explain how the glass structure affects the reduction of Eu ions as well as optical properties of the glasses

  14. Synthesis and optical properties of CsC1-doped gallium-sodium-sulfide glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hehlen, Markus P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bennett, Bryan L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Williams, Darrick J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Muenchausen, Ross E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Castro, Alonso [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tornga, Stephanie C [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01

    Ga{sub 2}S{sub 3}-Na{sub 2}S (GNS) glasses doped with CsCl were synthesized in open crucibles under inert atmosphere. The evaporative loss of CsCl during glass melting was measured by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and corrected for by biasing the CsCl concentration in the mixture of starting materials to obtain glasses with accurately controlled stoichiometry. Glass transition temperatures, refractive index dispersions, and band edge energies were measured for four GNS:CsCl glasses, and the respective values were found to significantly improve over earlier studies that did not mitigate CsCl evaporative losses. The refractive index dispersion measurements indicate that the Cs{sup +} and Cl{sup -} radii are 16% larger in GNS:CsCl glass than in bulk crystalline CsCl. The band edge energy increases from 2.97 eV in GNS glass to 3.32 eV in GNS glass doped with 20 mol% CsCl as a result of introducing Cl{sup -} ions having a large optical electronegativity. The large bandgap of 3.32 eV and the low (450 cm{sup -1}) phonon energy make GNS:20%CsCl an attractive host material for rare-earth ions with radiative transitions in the near ultra-violet, visible, and near-infrared spectral regions.

  15. Laser Cooling Using Anti-Stokes Fluorescencein Yb3+-Doped Fluorozirconate Glasses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The fluorozirconate glasses ZBLANP( ZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-AlF3-NaF-PbF2) doped with different Yb3+ concentration were prepared. The Raman spectra and absorption spectra are measured to substantiate the existence of phonon-assisted emission. After analyzing the normalized absorption spectra of samples with different Yb3+-doped concentration, we calculated the maximum cooling effect in the 3 wt% Yb3+-doped sample pumped at 1 012.5 nm. The corresponding cooling capability is about -4.09 ℃/W and the cooling efficiency reaches 1.76%.

  16. Radiation hardening in sol-gel derived Er3+-doped silica glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of the present paper is to report the effect of radiation on the Er3+-doped sol-gel silica glasses. A possible application of these sol-gel glasses could be their use in harsh radiation environments. The sol-gel glasses are fabricated by densification of erbium salt-soaked nanoporous silica xerogels through polymeric sol-gel technique. The radiation-induced attenuation of Er3+-doped sol-gel silica is found to increase with erbium content. Electron paramagnetic resonance studies reveal the presence of E′δ point defects. This happens in the sol-gel aluminum-silica glass after an exposure to γ-rays (kGy) and in sol-gel silica glass after an exposure to electrons (MGy). The concentration levels of these point defects are much lower in γ-ray irradiated sol-gel silica glasses. When the samples are co-doped with Al, the exposure to γ-ray radiation causes a possible reduction of the erbium valence from Er3+ to Er2+ ions. This process occurs in association with the formation of aluminum oxygen hole centers and different intrinsic point defects

  17. Radiation hardening in sol-gel derived Er{sup 3+}-doped silica glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hari Babu, B., E-mail: hariphy2012@gmail.com, E-mail: matthieu.lancry@u-psud.fr; León Pichel, Mónica [Laboratoire des Solides Irradiés, UMR CEA-CNRS 7642, Ecole Polytechnique, Université Paris Saclay, 91128 Palaiseau (France); Institut de Chimie Moléculaire et des Matériaux d' Orsay, UMR CNRS-UPSud 8182, Université Paris Sud, 91405 Orsay (France); Ollier, Nadège [Laboratoire des Solides Irradiés, UMR CEA-CNRS 7642, Ecole Polytechnique, Université Paris Saclay, 91128 Palaiseau (France); El Hamzaoui, Hicham; Bigot, Laurent; Savelii, Inna; Bouazaoui, Mohamed [Laboratoire PhLAM (UMR CNRS 8523), IRCICA (USR CNRS 3380), CERLA - FR CNRS 2416, Université Lille 1, Villeneuve d' Ascq Cedex F-59655 (France); Poumellec, Bertrand; Lancry, Matthieu, E-mail: hariphy2012@gmail.com, E-mail: matthieu.lancry@u-psud.fr [Institut de Chimie Moléculaire et des Matériaux d' Orsay, UMR CNRS-UPSud 8182, Université Paris Sud, 91405 Orsay (France); Ibarra, Angel [National Fusion Laboratory, CIEMAT, Avda Complutense 40, 28040 Madrid (Spain)

    2015-09-28

    The aim of the present paper is to report the effect of radiation on the Er{sup 3+}-doped sol-gel silica glasses. A possible application of these sol-gel glasses could be their use in harsh radiation environments. The sol-gel glasses are fabricated by densification of erbium salt-soaked nanoporous silica xerogels through polymeric sol-gel technique. The radiation-induced attenuation of Er{sup 3+}-doped sol-gel silica is found to increase with erbium content. Electron paramagnetic resonance studies reveal the presence of E′{sub δ} point defects. This happens in the sol-gel aluminum-silica glass after an exposure to γ-rays (kGy) and in sol-gel silica glass after an exposure to electrons (MGy). The concentration levels of these point defects are much lower in γ-ray irradiated sol-gel silica glasses. When the samples are co-doped with Al, the exposure to γ-ray radiation causes a possible reduction of the erbium valence from Er{sup 3+} to Er{sup 2+} ions. This process occurs in association with the formation of aluminum oxygen hole centers and different intrinsic point defects.

  18. Optical properties and local structure of Dy3+-doped chalcogenide and chalcohalide glasses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG Gao; YANG Zhiyong; LUO Lan; CHEN Wei

    2008-01-01

    Dy3+-doped Ge-Ga-Se chalcogenide glasses and GeSe2-Ga2Se3-CsI chalcohalide glasses were prepared. The absorption, emission properties, and local structure of the glasses were investigated. When excited at 808 nm diode laser, intense 1.32 and 1.55 μm near-infrared luminescence were observed with full width at half maximum (FWHM) of about 90 and 50 rim, respectively. The lifetime of the 1.32 μm emission varied due to changes in the local structure surrounding Dy3+ ions. The longest lifetime was over 2.5 ms, and the value was signifi-cantly higher than that in other Dy3+-doped glasses. Some other spectroscopic parameters were calculated by using Judd-Ofelt theory. Meanwhile, Ge-Ga-Se and GeSe2-Ga2Se3-CsI glasses showed good infrared transmittance. As a result, Dy3+-doped Ge-Ga-Se and GeSe2-Ga2Se3-CsI glasses were believed to be useful hosts for 1.3 μm optical fiber amplifier.

  19. [Mid-infrared emission and multiphonon relaxation in Tm3+-doped Ge-Ga-Se glasses].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Peng-Jun; Dai, Shi-Xun; Le, Fang-Da; Peng, Bo; Xu, Tie-Feng; Nie, Qiu-Hua; Zhang, Xiang-Hua

    2010-06-01

    A series of chalcogenide glasses based on the composition Ge30 Ga5 Se65 (at. %) doped with the different Tm3+ ions were synthesized by melt-quenching technique. The refractive indexes, Raman spectra, absorption spectra, near-and mid-infrared fluorescence, and lifetimes of glass samples under 800 nm laser excitation were measured. The intensity parameters omega(i) (i = 2, 4, 6), transition probabilities, branching ratios and radiative lifetimes have been predicted for Tm3+ ions in samples by using the Judd-Ofelt theory. The near-infrared emission spectra at 1.23, 1.48 and 1.8 microm were observed and their quantum efficiencies were evaluated respectively in glass doped with 1 Wt% Tm(3+)-ions under 800 nm excitation. The mid-infrared fluorescence spectra were investigated with the different Tm3+ ion concentration under 800 nm excitation. The multiphonon relaxation rate of Tm3+ : 3 H5 --> 3F4 by the measured and calculated lifetimes, and the relative parameters of W(0) and a in Ge30 Ga5 Se65 glass were evaluated. Results show that the multiphonon relaxation rates were significantly lower than other glasses due to the lower maximum phonon energy, so the selenide glasses are promising as host materials for doping by rare earth ions and for preparation of mid-infrared optical elements. PMID:20707130

  20. ER3+-DOPED SODA-LIME SILICATE GLASS: ARTIFICIAL PINK GEMSTONE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weeranut Kaewwiset

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Er3+-doped soda-lime silicate glasses of the composition (in mol% (65-xSiO2:25Na2O:10CaO:xEr2O3 (where x = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 were fabricated by conventional melt quenching technique. The physical and optical properties were measured and investigated. The erbium oxide enters the glass network as a modifier by occupying the interstitial space in the network and generating the NBOs to the structure. The molar volume increases with an increase in Er2O3 content, which is attributed to the increase in the number of Non-Bridging Oxygen (NBOs. The increase of NBOs in the structure generally leads to an increase in average atomic separation. The density, molar volume and refractive index of glasses increased linearly with increasing Er2O3 concentration. The color of glasses was changed from light pink to intense pink as the Er2O3 concentration was increased from 1 to 5 mol%. The Vickers hardness of Er3+-doped glasses was found to be in the range of 450-500 HV. In this study, it can be concluded that the soda-lime silicate glasses doped with high Er2O3 concentration has intense pink color and high value of hardness which is suitable to be cut as gems.

  1. Doping influence by some transition elements on the irradiation effects in nuclear waste glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High-level waste glasses are submitted to auto-irradiation. Modelling it using external irradiations on simple glasses revealed defects production and non negligible structural changes. This thesis aims at determining the impact of a more complex composition on these effects, especially the influence of adding polyvalent transition metals. Silicate, soda-lime and alumino-borosilicate glasses are doped with different iron, chromium and manganese concentrations then β irradiated at different doses up to 109 Gy. Non doped glasses show an increase of their density and polymerisation coupled with a molecular oxygen and point defects production. Adding 0.16 mol% Fe decreases the amount of defects by 85 % and all irradiation effects. A Fe3+ reduction is also observed by EPR, optical absorption and indirectly by Raman spectroscopy. A higher than 0.32 mol% Fe concentration causes complete blockage of the evolution of polymerisation, density and defect production. The same results are obtained on chromium or manganese doped glasses. An original in situ optical absorption device shows the quick decrease of Fe3+ amount to a 25 % lower level during irradiation. Stopping irradiation causes a lower decrease of 65 %, suggesting a dynamic (h0/e-) consuming equilibrium. He+ and Kr3+ ions and γ irradiated glasses tend to confirm these phenomena for all kind of irradiation with electronic excitations. (author)

  2. Cubic to tetragonal phase transition of Tm{sup 3+} doped nanocrystals in oxyfluoride glass ceramics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Yiming; Fu, Yuting; Shi, Yahui; Zhang, Xiaoyu; Yu, Hua, E-mail: zhaolj@nankai.edu.cn, E-mail: yuhua@nankai.edu.cn [The Key Laboratory of Weak-Light Nonlinear Photonics, Ministry of Education, School of Physics, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071 (China); Zhao, Lijuan, E-mail: zhaolj@nankai.edu.cn, E-mail: yuhua@nankai.edu.cn [The Key Laboratory of Weak-Light Nonlinear Photonics, Ministry of Education, School of Physics, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071 (China); Applied Physics School of TEDA, Nankai University, Tianjin 300457 (China)

    2016-02-15

    Tm{sup 3+} ions doped β-PbF{sub 2} nanocrystals in oxyfluoride glass ceramics with different doping concentrations and thermal temperatures are prepared by a traditional melt-quenching and thermal treatment method to investigate the structure and the phase transition of Tm{sup 3+} doped nanocrystals. The structures are characterized by X-ray diffraction Rietveld analysis and confirmed with numerical simulation. The phase transitions are proved further by the emission spectra. Both of the doping concentration and thermal temperature can induce an O{sub h} to D{sub 4h} site symmetry distortion and a cubic to tetragonal phase transition. The luminescence of Tm{sup 3+} doped nanocrystals at 800 nm was modulated by the phase transition of the surrounding crystal field.

  3. Cubic to tetragonal phase transition of Tm3+ doped nanocrystals in oxyfluoride glass ceramics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yiming Li

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Tm3+ ions doped β-PbF2 nanocrystals in oxyfluoride glass ceramics with different doping concentrations and thermal temperatures are prepared by a traditional melt-quenching and thermal treatment method to investigate the structure and the phase transition of Tm3+ doped nanocrystals. The structures are characterized by X-ray diffraction Rietveld analysis and confirmed with numerical simulation. The phase transitions are proved further by the emission spectra. Both of the doping concentration and thermal temperature can induce an Oh to D4h site symmetry distortion and a cubic to tetragonal phase transition. The luminescence of Tm3+ doped nanocrystals at 800 nm was modulated by the phase transition of the surrounding crystal field.

  4. Cubic to tetragonal phase transition of Tm3+ doped nanocrystals in oxyfluoride glass ceramics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yiming; Zhao, Lijuan; Fu, Yuting; Shi, Yahui; Zhang, Xiaoyu; Yu, Hua

    2016-02-01

    Tm3+ ions doped β-PbF2 nanocrystals in oxyfluoride glass ceramics with different doping concentrations and thermal temperatures are prepared by a traditional melt-quenching and thermal treatment method to investigate the structure and the phase transition of Tm3+ doped nanocrystals. The structures are characterized by X-ray diffraction Rietveld analysis and confirmed with numerical simulation. The phase transitions are proved further by the emission spectra. Both of the doping concentration and thermal temperature can induce an Oh to D4h site symmetry distortion and a cubic to tetragonal phase transition. The luminescence of Tm3+ doped nanocrystals at 800 nm was modulated by the phase transition of the surrounding crystal field.

  5. Effect of silver nanoparticles on the dielectric properties of holmium doped silica glass

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rejikumar, P.R.; Jyothy, P.V. [School of Pure and Applied Physics, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala 686560 (India); Mathew, Siby [Department of Physics, S.H. College, Thevara, Cochin, Kerala 682013 (India); Thomas, Vinoy [Department of Physics, Christian College, Chengannur, Kerala 689122 (India); Unnikrishnan, N.V., E-mail: nvu50@yahoo.co.i [School of Pure and Applied Physics, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, Kerala 686560 (India)

    2010-03-15

    The effect of silver nanoparticle co-doping on the dielectric properties of holmium doped silica glasses was studied. Silver nanoparticles of size between 20 and 22 nm were produced by the sol-gel technique. One of the samples showed an icosahedral morphology of the nanocrystal formed, along with spherical morphology. It was found that the tuning of the dielectric constant values could be accomplished by co-doping. The sample, with 1 wt% of Ho, had low dielectric constant values within the range 100 Hz-3 MHz due to the formation of quasi-molecular structures of holmium. This effect was evaded to some extent with silver co-doping as a result of the interdispersion of holmium complexes. Also it was found that the co-doping produced a higher dielectric loss which was calculated from the tan delta-log f graph. The Cole-Cole parameters and the Jonscher power law parameters were also calculated and are presented.

  6. In-vitro bioactivity of zirconia doped borosilicate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Glass composition 31B2O3-20SiO2-24.5Na2O-(24.5-x) CaO-xZrO2 x=1,2,3,4,5 were prepared by melt-quenching Technique. The formation of hydroxyapatite layer on the surface of glasses after immersion in simulated body fluid (SBF) was explored through XRD, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM-EDX) analyses. In this report, we observed that hydroxyapatite formation for 5days of immersion time. Also observed that with increasing the immersion time up to 15days, higher amount of hydroxyapatite layer formation on the surface of glasses. The varying composition of zirconia in glass samples influences shown by XRD, FTIR studies. The present results indicate that, in-vitro bioactivity of glasses decreased with increasing zirconia incorporation

  7. EPR, optical absorption and photoluminescence properties of MnO2 doped 23B2O3-5ZnO-72Bi2O3 glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), optical absorption and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopic measurements are performed on Mn2+ doped high bismuth containing zinc-bismuth-borate glasses. TEM images reveal homogeneously dispersed Bio nanoparticles (NPs) of spherical shape with size about 5 nm. EPR spectra exhibit predominant signals at g∼2.0 and 4.3 with a sextet hyperfine structure. The resonance signal at g∼2.0 is due to Mn2+ ions in an environment close to octahedral symmetry, where as the resonance at g∼4.3 is attributed to the rhombic surrounding of the Mn2+ ions. The hyperfine splitting constant (A) indicates that Mn2+ ions in these glasses are moderately covalent in nature. The zero-field splitting parameter D has been calculated from the allowed hyperfine lines. The optical absorption spectrum exhibits a single broad band centered at 518 nm (19,305 cm-1) is assigned to the 6A1g(S)→4T1g(G) transition of Mn2+ ions. The visible and near infrared (NIR) luminescence bands at 548, 652 and 804 nm have been observed when excited at 400 and 530 nm, respectively. These luminescence centers are supposed to be caused by the lower valence state of bismuth, such as Bi2+ and Bi+ ions, generated during melting process.

  8. Properties and Applications of Laser-Induced Gratings in Rare Earth Doped Glasses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Behrens, Edward Grady

    Scope and method of study. Four-wave-mixing techniques were used in an attempt to create permanent laser-induced grating in Pr^{3+}-, Nd ^{3+}-, Eu^ {3+}-, and Er^{3+ }-doped glasses. The permanent laser-induced grating signal intensity and build-up and erase times were investigated as function of the write beam crossing angle, write beam power, and temperature. Thermal lensing measurements were conducted on Eu^{3+} - and Nd^{3+}-doped glasses and room temperature Raman and resonant Raman spectra were obtained for Eu^{3+}-doped glasses. The permanent laser-induced grating signal intensity was studied in Eu^{3+} -doped alkali-metal glasses as a function of the alkali -metal network modifier ion and a model was developed by treating the sample as a two-level system. Optical device applications of the permanent laser-induced gratings were studied by creating some simple devices. Findings and conclusions. Permanent laser-induced gratings were created in the Pr^{3+ }- and Eu^{3+} -doped glasses. The permanent laser-induced grating is associated with a structural phase change of the glass host. The structural change is produced by high energy phonons which are emitted by radiationless relaxation processes of the rare earth ion. Nd^{3+} and Er^{3+} relax nonradiatively by the emission of phonons of much lower energy which are unable to produce the structural phase change needed to form a permanent laser-induced grating. The difference in energy of the emitted phonons is responsible for the differing characteristics of the thermal lensing experiments. The model does a good job of predicting the experimental results for the asymmetry and other parameters of the two-level system. The application of these laser -induced gratings for optical devices demonstrates their importance to optical technology.

  9. Liquid phase sintering of 20Bi(Zn0.5Ti0.5)O 3-80BaTiO3 dielectrics with bismuth-zinc-borate and bismuth borosilicate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahin, David I.

    Dielectrics in the Bi(Zn0.5Ti0.5)O3-BaTiO 3 system (specifically 20BZT-80BT, in mol%) are promising candidates for high energy density capacitor applications due to broad temperature-dependent dielectric constant maxima and a relatively field-independent permittivity. Bulk samples require sintering temperatures of greater than 1180°C to reach useful densities. Due to incompatibility of Bi with low-pO2 processing, BZT-BT-based multilayer capacitors must utilize noble metal electrodes that resist oxidation during sintering. Sintering temperatures must be reduced to allow use of less expensive electrode materials (Cu, etc.). This work studies the reduced temperature sintering behavior and dielectric properties of BZT-BT sintered with 30Bi2O3-30ZnO-40B 2O3 and 50Bi2O3-25B2O 3-25SiO2 (mol%) liquid phase formers. Dielectrics sintered with 1v% borate additions and 5v% additions of either the borate or borosilicate achieved relative densities greater than 95% after sintering at 1000°C for four hours. All compositions retained the relaxor behavior exhibited by pure 20BZT-80BT. Increased borate additions led to greater dielectric constant reductions, while increased borosilicate additions yielded no clear trend in the dielectric constant reduction. Energy densities were estimated between 0.3-0.5 J/cm3; smaller glass additions typically led to larger energy densities. Dielectrics sintered with 1v% borate additions are of interest due to their high relative densities (approx. 96%) and energy densities of approximately 0.5 J/cm3 under 100kV/cm electric fields. Studies of BZT-BT/glass interfaces revealed the formation of crystalline interfacial layers less than 10 microns thick. The borate formed a bismuth titanate phase (likely Bi4Ti3O12) during heating to 700°C, whereas the borosilicate formed a barium silicate phase (likely BaSiO3) during processing to 800°C. Similar phases are expected to be present in the liquid phase sintered dielectrics and likely affect the BZT

  10. Thermal and radiative characteristics of oxyfluoride glass singly doped with lanthanide ions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Barbara; Gra(z)yna; DOMINIAK-DZIK; RYBA-ROMANOWSKI

    2010-01-01

    Rare earths-doped oxyfluoride glasses based on germanium oxide and lead fluoride were prepared from commercial raw materials.The glasses with general composition of 50GeO2-(50-x-y)PbO-yPbF2-xLnF3(Ln=Pr3+-Yb3+),contained different concentrations of optically active dopants(x=0.2 mol.% and 2 mol.%)and PbF2(y≤15 mol.%).The differential thermal analysis(DTA)was used to determine both thermal characteristic and thermal stability properties of the glasses in the function of the kind of dopant,its concentration,and a glass composition.Characteristic glass temperatures such as glass transition temperature(Tg),glass crystallization temperature(Tc)and temperature corresponding to the maximum of the crystallization rate(Tpc)were evaluated.On the basis of obtained results,the thermal stabilities of glasses under study were evaluated using various thermal stability criteria(Dietzel factor △T,Saad-Poulain factors H' and S').It was found that the increase in rare earth fluoride contents influenced thermal characteristics when the characteristic temperatures of the individual glass was shifted towards higher values.The effect of the PbF2 content and the kind of rare earth impurity on the glass stability was observed.Absorption spectra of lanthanide-doped glasses were measured at room temperature and used to determine the phenomenological intensity parameters Ωt and next,to estimate radiative properties of lanthanide ions in this matrix.Radiative transition probabilities of luminescent states of Ln3+,branching ratios and radiative lifetimes were determined.The variation of the Ωt along the lanthanide series was presented and discussed.

  11. Waveguides in Ni-doped glass and glass-ceramic written with a 1 kHz femtosecond laser

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, M. A.; Homewood, K. P.; Curry, R. J.; Ohishi, Y.; Suzuki, T.

    2014-07-01

    We report waveguides in Ni-doped Li2O-Ga2O3-SiO2 (Ni:LGS) glass and glass-ceramic (GC) fabricated with a femtosecond (fs) laser with repetition rate of 1 kHz. When the glass is annealed to form a GC, the waveguides are erased. However, in the GC the waveguides are not erased by annealing. In Ni:LGS GC a 415 nm absorption band was created by fs laser waveguide writing due to the creation of Ni nanoparticles with an estimated diameter of a few nm. Raman and photoluminescence spectra of the bulk and waveguide structures were indistinguishable; however, fluorescence decay profiles indicated more long lifetime components in the waveguide compared to the bulk.

  12. Influence of CeO_2 on scintillating properties of Tb~(3+)-doped silicate glasses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙心瑗; 顾牡; 张敏; 黄世明

    2010-01-01

    A series of Tb3+-,Ce3+-doped,and Tb3+/Ce3+-codoped silicate glasses were synthesized by melt-quenching technique.Some properties of the investigated glasses were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy(XPS),photoluminescence(PL),X-ray excited luminescence(XEL) and thermoluminescence(TL) spectra.The result of XPS revealed that both Ce3+ and Ce4+ ions coexisted in these silicate glasses,and energy transfer from Ce3+ to Tb3+ ions was observed under UV excitation.However,under X-ray excitation the XEL...

  13. 1.8 μm emission of highly thulium doped fluorophosphate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Ying; Xu, Rongrong; Zhang, Liyan; Hu, Lili; Zhang, Junjie

    2010-10-01

    A new type of fluorophosphate glasses with high thulium doping concentration (up to 10 mol % Tm3+) is investigated. The intensive 1.8 μm fluorescence is demonstrated with lower concentration quenching. On the basis of the measured Raman spectroscopy, it is revealed that the glass structure will be changed when adding Tm3+ ions into fluorophosphate glasses. Besides, the Judd-Ofelt parameters and radiative properties are calculated and discussed based on Judd-Ofelt theory. And the absorption and emission cross-sections of F34→H36 transition are also calculated by using McCumber and Beer-Lambert theories.

  14. Long-term aqueous alteration kinetics of an alpha-doped SON68 borosilicate glass

    OpenAIRE

    TRIBET M.; ROLLAND Séverine; S. Peuget; Magnin, Magali; BROUDIC Véronique; JANSSEN ARNE; Wiss, Thierry; JEGOU C.; Toulhoat, Pierre

    2013-01-01

    The long-term behavior of nuclear glass subjected to alpha radiation by minor actinides must be investigated with a view to geological disposal. This study focuses on the effect of alpha radiation on the chemical reactivity of R7T7 glass with pure water, mainly on the residual alteration rate regime. A glass specimen doped with 0.85 wt% 239PuO2 (α emitter) is leached under static conditions in argon atmosphere at 90°C and at a high surface-area-to-volume ratio (S/V = 20 cm-1). The alteration ...

  15. Optical properties of thermally reduced bismuth-doped sodium aluminosilicate glasses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, K.H.; Smedskjær, Morten Mattrup; Yue, Yuanzheng;

    Heat-treatment of multivalent ion containing glasses in a hydrogen atmosphere may cause both reduction of the multivalent ions and ionic inward diffusion, resulting in improved glass properties. Bismuth-doped glasses are also interesting objects not only concerning the reduction induced diffusion......, but also concerning the metal particle formation, and the broadband near infrared luminescence. Both the inward diffusion and the infrared luminescence depend on the bismuth oxidation state. The latter can be varied by adjusting the parameters of the heat-treatment, e.g., time, temperature, and...

  16. Spectroscopic Properties and Judd-Ofelt Theory Analysis of Er3+-Doped Heavy Metal Oxyfluoride Silicate Glass

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐时清; 杨中民; 戴世勋; 张军杰; 胡丽丽; 姜中宏

    2004-01-01

    Er3+-doped heavy metal oxyfluoride silicate glass was fabricated and characterized, and the absorption spectrum and fluorescence spectrum of the glass were studied. The Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters Ωt (t=2, 4, 6), spontaneous transition probability, fluorescence branching ratio and radiative lifetime of each energy levels for Er3+ were calculated by Judd-Ofelt theory, and stimulated emission cross-section of 4I13/2→4I15/2 transition was calculated by McCumber theory. The results show that fluorescence full width at half maximum and stimulated emission cross-section of Er3+-doped heavy metal oxyfluoride silicate glass are broad and large, respectively. Compared with other host glasses, the gain bandwidth property of Er3+-doped heavy metal oxyfluoride silicate glass is close to those of tellurite and bismuth glasses, and has advantage over those of silicate, phosphate and germante glasses.

  17. Thermal analysis, spectral characterization and refractive index studies of lithium doped PbO-ZnO-B2O3 glass

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajaramakrishna, R.; Lakshmikantha, R.; Anavekar, R. V.

    2012-06-01

    Lithium containing lead zinc borate glasseshave been prepared by melt quenching technique. X-ray diffraction reveals the amorphous nature of the glass. Differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) study was carried out in the temperature range RT to 600°C temperature and found glass transition temperature of these glasses decreases with increase in inter substitution of Pb and Zn lithium content. PZB glasses are stable, IR spectra of these glasses show characteristics band originating from borate groups namely [BO3] [BO4]and B-O-B stretching vibrations respectively, and found that structure is not affected with effect of lithium content. Refractive index of these glasses are in the range of 1.47 with increasing lithium content refractive index decreases indicating decrease in scattering of light.

  18. Thermal analysis, spectral characterization and refractive index studies of lithium doped PbO-ZnO-B2O3 glass

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lithium containing lead zinc borate glasseshave been prepared by melt quenching technique. X-ray diffraction reveals the amorphous nature of the glass. Differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) study was carried out in the temperature range RT to 600 deg. C temperature and found glass transition temperature of these glasses decreases with increase in inter substitution of Pb and Zn lithium content. PZB glasses are stable, IR spectra of these glasses show characteristics band originating from borate groups namely [BO3] [BO4]and B-O-B stretching vibrations respectively, and found that structure is not affected with effect of lithium content. Refractive index of these glasses are in the range of 1.47 with increasing lithium content refractive index decreases indicating decrease in scattering of light.

  19. Wideband Erbium-Ytterbium Co-Doped Phosphate Glass Waveguide Amplifier

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    A new '(?)' type of wideband erbium-ytterbium co-doped phosphate glass waveguide amplifier integrated with medium thin film filter is proposed, Average gain about 15.5dB between 1530nm and 1570nm with gain difference of below 2 dB is obtained.

  20. Design and achieving of multicolor upconversion emission based on rare-earth doped tellurite glasses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢明铭; 马运北; 罗昔贤; 付姚; 姜涛; 汪红; 段小龙

    2014-01-01

    Yb3+/Tm3+ co-doped and Yb3+/Ho3+/Tm3+ tri-doped tellurite glasses were synthesized by fusing the mixture of TeO2, PbF2, AlF3, BaF2, Yb2O3, Tm2O3 and Ho2O3 in a corundum crucible at 850 ºC for 20 min. The synthesized glasses were characterized by upconversion emission spectra under the excitation of 980 nm laser, and the emission colors were investigated according to the CIE-1931 standards. The results indicated that Yb3+/Tm3+ co-doped tellurite glass exhibited blue upconversion emission with favor-able color coordinates of (0.20, 0.07). Yb3+, Ho3+ and Tm3+ tri-doped tellurite glasses presented white upconversion luminescence under a single 980 nm laser excitation. Moreover, a very wide range of emission colors could be tuned by altering Ho3+ concentration. Combining the contribution of adjusting Ho3+ concentration and pump power, near equal energy white light was obtained.

  1. Effect of Ultrashort Pulsed Laser and X-Ray Irradiation on Au~+ -Doped Glass

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    Au nanoparticles were precipitated inside Au+-doped glass samples after irradiation by femtosecond laser or x-ray. Femtosecond laser and X-ray irradiation result in decreasing of anneal temperature and critical size for the precipitation of Au nanoparticles.

  2. Influence of Cu doping in borosilicate bioactive glass and the properties of its derived scaffolds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hui; Zhao, Shichang; Xiao, Wei; Xue, Jingzhe; Shen, Youqu; Zhou, Jie; Huang, Wenhai; Rahaman, Mohamed N; Zhang, Changqing; Wang, Deping

    2016-01-01

    Copper doped borosilicate glasses (BG-Cu) were studied by means of FT-IR, Raman, UV-vis and NMR spectroscopies to investigate the changes that appeared in the structure of borosilicate glass matrix by doping copper ions. Micro-fil and immunohistochemistry analysis were applied to study the angiogenesis of its derived scaffolds in vivo. Results indicated that the Cu ions significantly increased the B-O bond of BO4 groups at 980 cm(-1), while they decrease that of BO2O(-) groups at 1440-1470 cm(-1) as shown by Raman spectra. A negative shift was observed from (11)B and (29)Si NMR spectra. The (11)B NMR spectra exhibited a clear transformation from BO3 into BO4 groups, caused by the agglutination effect of the Cu ions and the charge balance of the agglomerate in the glass network, leading to a more stable glass network and lower ions release rate in the degradation process. Furthermore, the BG-Cu scaffolds significantly enhanced blood vessel formation in rat calvarial defects at 8 weeks post-implantation. Generally, it suggested that the introduction of Cu into borosilicate glass endowed glass and its derived scaffolds with good properties, and the cooperation of Cu with bioactive glass may pave a new way for tissue engineering.

  3. Luminescence of Er3+ Doped Titanium Barium Glass Microsphere under 514 nm Excitation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The titanium barium glass microspheres doped with Er2O3 were designed and prepared. The components of the glass sample were 25TiO2-27BaCO3-8Ba(NO3)2-5ZnO2-10CaCO3-5H3BO3-10SiO2-7water glass-3Er2O3 (%, mass fraction). The emission spectra of titanium barium glass matrix and the titanium barium glass microsphere under 514 nm excitation were measured with micro-Raman spectrometer. Whispering gallery modes in the emission spectra from a 31 μm glass microsphere were observed. Many regularly spaced, sharp peaks appeared in the emission spectra of the Er2O3-doped glass microsphere. The wavelength separation between the two adjacent peaks is 1.92 nm for the 31 μm microsphere. According to the Lorenz-Mie formula, the calculated value of the wavelength separation between the two adjacent peaks is 1.95 nm. The observed resonances could be assigned by using the well-known Lorenz-Mie formula.

  4. Rare earth ions doped fluoride ZBLAN glasses and fibers for laser applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The synthesis conditions of fluoride ZBLAN type glasses doped with 1, 2 or 5 mol% of Nd3+ and Er3+ ions have been presented in this paper. Glasses were melted in special clean 'glove box' type chamber, constructed and built in ITME, in controlled atmosphere of clean and dry nitrogen. Synthesized glasses are characterized with good homogeneity, high degree of clarifying and with negligible tendency to crystallization in softening temperatures. Investigations of spectral properties, luminescence and life time of active ions on excited level in select samples of glasses doped with rare earth ions have been showed their usefulness to laser uses: λ 1.06; 1.35 μm (Nd3+); 1.55 μm (Er3+). Multimode fiber with core from active glass coated with FEP Teflon layer were drawn. At present are concluded researches over mastering new technology of two glass layer (core-cladding) perform manufacturing by rotation-casting method and of all-glass optical fibers drawing. (author)

  5. Optical properties of samarium doped zinc–tellurite glasses

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    B Eraiah

    2006-08-01

    Glasses with the composition, (Sm2O3)(ZnO)(40–)(TeO2)(60), were prepared by conventional melt quenching method. The density, molar volume, and optical energy band gap of these glasses have been measured. The refractive index, molar refraction and polarizability of oxide ion have been calculated by using Lorentz–Lorentz relations. Optical absorption spectra of these glasses were recorded in the range 300–700 nm at room temperature. The oxide ion polarizabilities deduced from two different quantities, viz. refractive index and optical energy band gap, agree well compared with other glasses. The nonlinear variation of the above optical parameters with respect to samarium dopant has been explained.

  6. High-temperature borate crystal chemistry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bubnova, Rimma S. [Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation). Grebenshchikov Institute of Silicate Chemistry; Saint Petersburg State Univ. (Russian Federation). Dept. of Crystallography; Filatov, Stanislav K. [Saint Petersburg State Univ. (Russian Federation). Dept. of Crystallography

    2013-10-01

    The paper presents a brief review of the present state of high-temperature borate crystal chemistry. This review summarizes the results of high- and low-temperature single crystal X-ray diffraction studies for more than 10 borate structures and high-temperature powder Xray diffraction data for about 65 borates. Thermal behavior of their crystal structures, thermal expansion, polymorphic transitions and their relationship to borate glasses are presented. These studies allow to formulate the basic principles of high-temperature borate crystal chemistry and to reveal the regularities of thermal behavior of borates. On heating, the BO{sub 3} and BO{sub 4} polyhedra and rigid groups consisting of these polyhedra, practically maintain their configuration and size, but they are able to rotate like hinges exhibiting highly anisotropic thermal expansion, including linear negative expansion. Based on these results, we generalize the term 'rigid group' and render thermal vibrations as the key ingredient for the self-assembly of borate rigid groups. (orig.)

  7. Preparation and Fluorescent Property of Eu-Doped High Silica Glasses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    A method to fabricate europium ions doped-high silica glass for transparent fluorescence materials based on the fabrication and sintering technique of nano-porous silica glass was reported. Glasses impregnated with Eu ions and sintered at above 1150 ℃ in a reduction atmosphere show a very strong blue light from an emission band at about 430 nm due to the 4f65d→4f7(8S7/2) transition of the Eu2+ ions. On the other hand, the Eu-doped glass obtained by co-impregnated with Y3+ and V5+ ions and sintering in oxidation atmosphere behaves a very strong red emission band at about 615 nm with a UV excitation. An appearance of vanadate band in the excitation spectrum of Eu3+, Y3+ and V5+ ions co-doped high silica glass implies an effective energy transferring from VO43- to Eu3+ and effective excitation of Eu3+ by about 500 nm strong broad emission of VO43-.

  8. Bioactive and Antibacterial Glass Powders Doped with Copper by Ion-Exchange in Aqueous Solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Miola

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In this work, two bioactive glass powders (SBA2 and SBA3 were doped with Cu by means of the ion-exchange technique in aqueous solution. SBA2 glass was subjected to the ion-exchange process by using different Cu salts (copper(II nitrate, chloride, acetate, and sulphate and concentrations. Structural (X-ray diffraction-XRD, morphological (Scanning Electron Microscopy-SEM, and compositional (Energy Dispersion Spectrometry-EDS analyses evidenced the formation of crystalline phases for glasses ion-exchanged in copper(II nitrate and chloride solutions; while the ion-exchange in copper(II acetate solutions lead to the incorporation of higher Cu amount than the ion-exchange in copper(II sulphate solutions. For this reason, the antibacterial test (inhibition halo towards S. aureus was performed on SBA2 powders ion-exchanged in copper(II acetate solutions and evidenced a limited antibacterial effect. A second glass composition (SBA3 was developed to allow a greater incorporation of Cu in the glass surface; SBA3 powders were ion-exchanged in copper(II acetate solutions (0.01 M and 0.05 M. Cu-doped SBA3 powders showed an amorphous structure; morphological analysis evidenced a rougher surface for Cu-doped powders in comparison to the undoped glass. EDS and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS confirmed the Cu introduction as Cu(II ions. Bioactivity test in simulated body fluid (SBF showed that Cu introduction did not alter the bioactive behaviour of the glass. Finally, inhibition halo test towards S. aureus evidenced a good antimicrobial effect for glass powders ion-exchanged in copper(II acetate solutions 0.05 M.

  9. The microstructure of erbium-ytterbium co-doped oxyfluoride glass-ceramic optical fibers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Augustyn, Elżbieta; Żelechower, Michał; Stróż, Danuta; Chrapoński, Jacek

    2012-04-01

    Oxyfluoride transparent glass-ceramics combine some features of glasses (easier shaping or lower than single crystals cost of fabrication) and some advantages of rare-earth doped single crystals (narrow absorption/emission lines and longer lifetimes of luminescent levels). Since the material seems to be promising candidate for efficient fiber amplifiers, the manufacturing as well as structural and optical examination of the oxyfluoride glass-ceramic fibers doped with rare-earth ions seems to be a serious challenge. In the first stage oxyfluoride glasses of the following compositions 48SiO2-11Al2O3-7Na2CO3-10CaO-10PbO-11PbF2-3ErF3 and 48SiO2-11Al2O3-7Na2CO3-10CaO-10PbO-10PbF2-3YbF3-1ErF3 (in molar%) were fabricated from high purity commercial chemicals (Sigma-Aldrich). The fabricated glass preforms were drawn into glass fibers using the mini-tower. Finally, the transparent Er3+ doped and Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped oxyfluoride glass-ceramic fibers were obtained by controlled heat treatment of glass fibers. The preceding differential thermal analysis (DTA) studies allowed estimating both the fiber drawing temperature and the controlled crystallization temperature of glass fibers. X-ray diffraction examination (XRD) at each stage of the glass-ceramic fibers fabrication confirmed the undesirable crystallization of preforms and glass fibers has been avoided. The fibers shown their mixed amorphous-crystalline microstructure with nano-crystals of size even below 10 nm distributed in the glassy host. The crystal structure of the grown nano-crystals has been determined by XRD and confirmed by electron diffraction (SAED). Results obtained by both techniques seem to be compatible: Er3FO10Si3 (monoclinic; ICSD 92512), Pb5Al3F19 (triclinic; ICSD 91325) and Er4F2O11Si3 (triclinic; ICSD 51510) against to initially expected PbF2 crystals.

  10. Luminescent properties of Bi-doped boro-alumino-phosphate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denker, B.; Galagan, B.; Osiko, V.; Sverchkov, S.; Dianov, E.

    2007-03-01

    A new Bi-doped boro-alumino-phosphate glass (BAP) composition was developed. Absorption and emission spectra and luminescence decay kinetics were investigated. The emission spectrum consists of two wide bands in the visible (0.6 0.8 μm) and near-infrared (˜1.0 1.5 μm) ranges. The luminescence decay curve investigation has revealed a complicated behavior dependent on both excitation and registration wavelengths. In contrast to earlier investigated Bi-doped glasses, Bi:BAP has good technological properties and can be easily scaled. This makes the developed glass composition interesting for broadband tunable (˜1.0 1.5 μm) lasers and amplifiers.

  11. Optical properties of Ho{sup 3+}-doped novel oxyfluoride glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feng Li [State Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials and Technologies, School Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Sun Yat-Sen (Zhongshan) University, Guangzhou 510275 (China)]. E-mail: fengli5435@yahoo.com; Wang Jing [State Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials and Technologies, School Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Sun Yat-Sen (Zhongshan) University, Guangzhou 510275 (China); Tang Qiang [Department of Physics, Sun Yat-Sen (Zhongshan) University, Guangzhou 510275 (China); Liang Lifang [State Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials and Technologies, School Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Sun Yat-Sen (Zhongshan) University, Guangzhou 510275 (China); Department of Chemistry, Guangxi Normal College, Nanning 530001 (China); Liang Hongbin [State Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials and Technologies, School Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Sun Yat-Sen (Zhongshan) University, Guangzhou 510275 (China); Su Qiang [State Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials and Technologies, School Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Sun Yat-Sen (Zhongshan) University, Guangzhou 510275 (China)]. E-mail: suqiang@mail.sysu.edu.cn

    2007-06-15

    Novel oxyfluoride glasses SiO{sub 2}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-Na{sub 2}O-ZnF{sub 2} doped with Ho{sup 3+} and Ho{sup 3+}/Yb{sup 3+} were fabricated. The optical properties of the synthesized glasses were experimentally and theoretically investigated in detail. The experimental and calculated oscillator strengths of Ho{sup 3+} were determined by measurement of absorption spectrum of Ho{sup 3+}-singly doped glass. According to the Judd-Ofelt theory, the Judd-Ofelt parameters were calculated, by which the radiative transition probabilities, fluorescence branching ratios and radiative lifetimes were obtained. Visible upconversion luminescence was observed under 980 nm diode laser excitation and the influence of Yb{sup 3+} concentration on the emission bands were also investigated. The dependence of the upconversion emission intensity upon the excitation power was examined, and the upconversion mechanisms were discussed.

  12. 2 μm mid-infrared optical spectra of Tm~(3+)-doped germanium gallate glasses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIA Haiping; LIN Qiongfei; ZHANG Jianli; ZHANG Qinyuan

    2009-01-01

    Glasses with the composition of 65GeO_2-12Ga_2O_3-10BaO-8Li_2O-5La_2O_3(molar ratio) doped with 1.526 wt.%, 3.006 wt.%, 5.836 wt.%, 11.028 wt.%, and 15.678 wt.% Tm2O3, respectively, were fabricated by conventional melting method. According to the absorption spectra and the Judd-Ofelt theory, the J-O strength parameters (Ω_2,Ω_4,Ω_6) were calculated, with which the radiative transition probabilities,branching ratios and radiative lifetimes were obtained. The infrared emission spectra (with 808 nm LD excitation) at~1.47 and~1.8 μm of various concentrations of Tm3+-doped glasses were studied. The emission intensity at~1.8 μm reached to the maximum when the Tm2O3-doping concentration was near to be~3.006 wt.% (1.0 mol.%), and then decreased as doping concentration increased further. The mechanism of the fluorescence intensity change was explained with the cross-relaxation effect and the concentration quenching effect of Tm~(3+). Meanwhile, according to McCumber theory, the absorption and emission cross-sections corresponding to the ~3F_4→~3H_6 transitions of Tm~(3+) at 1.8 μm was obtained. For Tm3+-doped germanate glasses, the maximum emission cross-section reached a value higher than that re-ported for fluorozircoaluminate glasses. It is expected to be a favorable candidate host for~2.0 μm mid-inflated laser because the glass shows favorable optical spectra.

  13. 2 μm mid-infrared optical spectra of Tm3+-doped germanium gallate glasses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIA; Haiping

    2009-01-01

    Glasses with the composition of 65GeO212Ga2O3-10BaO-8Li2O-5La2O3(molar ratio) doped with 1.526 wt.%, 3.006 wt.%, 5.836 wt.%, 11.028 wt.%, and 15.678 wt.% Tm2O3, respectively, were fabricated by conventional melting method. According to the absorption spectra and the Judd-Ofelt theory, the J-O strength parameters (Ω2,Ω4, Ω6) were calculated, with which the radiative transition probabilities,branching ratios and radiative lifetimes were obtained. The infrared emission spectra (with 808 nm LD excitation) at~1.47 and~1.8 μm of various concentrations of Tm3+-doped glasses were studied. The emission intensity at~1.8 μm reached to the maximum when the Tm2O3-doping concentration was near to be~3.006 wt.% (1.0 mol.%), and then decreased as doping concentration increased further. The mechanism of the fluorescence intensity change was explained with the cross-relaxation effect and the concentration quenching effect of Tm3+. Meanwhile, according to McCumber theory, the absorption and emission cross-sections corresponding to the 3F4→3H6 transitions of Tm3+ at 1.8 μm was obtained. For Tm3+-doped germanate glasses, the maximum emission cross-section reached a value higher than that re-ported for fluorozircoaluminate glasses. It is expected to be a favorable candidate host for~2.0 μm mid-inflated laser because the glass shows favorable optical spectra.

  14. Structural, thermal and spectroscopic properties of highly Er3+-doped novel oxyfluoride glasses for photonic application

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kesavulu, C.R. [Department of Physics, Changwon National University, Changwon 641-773 (Korea, Republic of); Sreedhar, V.B.; Jayasankar, C.K. [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517502 (India); Jang, Kiwan [Department of Physics, Changwon National University, Changwon 641-773 (Korea, Republic of); Shin, Dong-Soo [Department of Chemistry, Changwon National University, Changwon 641-773 (Korea, Republic of); Yi, Soung Soo, E-mail: ssyi@silla.ac.kr [Department of Electronic Materials Engineering, Silla University, Busan 617-736 (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-03-01

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Er{sup 3+}-doped novel oxyfluoride glasses have been prepared by melt quenching technique. • Structural, thermal and spectroscopic properties have been carried out. • SALSFEr glasses exhibit intense green and weak red emissions at 365 nm excitation. • Major laser transition for Er{sup 3+} ion in SALSFEr glasses is {sup 4}I{sub 13/2} → {sup 4}I{sub 15/2} (1.53 μm). • These results suggest the possibility of using SALSFEr glasses as photonic devices. - Abstract: The Er{sup 3+}-doped novel oxyfluoride glasses of composition (43 − x)SiO{sub 2}–10Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}–24LiF–23SrF{sub 2}–xEr{sub 2}O{sub 3}, where x = 1.0, 2.0, 4.0 and 6.0 mol%, have been prepared by conventional melt quenching technique and are characterized through X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential thermal analysis (DTA), Raman, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) analysis, optical absorption spectra, visible (vis) and near-infrared (NIR) emission spectra measurements. Judd–Ofelt (JO) intensity parameters (Ω{sub λ}, λ = 2, 4 and 6) have been derived from the absorption spectrum of 1.0 mol% Er{sub 2}O{sub 3} doped glass and are in turn used to calculate radiative properties for the important luminescent levels of Er{sup 3+} ions. The studied glasses show intense green and weak red visible emissions under 365 nm excitation. The decrease in visible emission intensities with concentration of Er{sup 3+} ions has been explained due to energy transfer processes between Er{sup 3+} ions. Upon excitation at 980 nm laser diode, an intense 1.53 μm NIR emission has been observed with the maximum full width at half maximum (FWHM) for Er{sup 3+}-doped oxyfluoride glasses. The higher Er{sup 3+} ion doping capability and relatively high gain and broad emission at 1.5 μm are the most notable features of these glasses to realize efficient short-length optical amplifiers.

  15. Structural, thermal and spectroscopic properties of highly Er3+-doped novel oxyfluoride glasses for photonic application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Er3+-doped novel oxyfluoride glasses have been prepared by melt quenching technique. • Structural, thermal and spectroscopic properties have been carried out. • SALSFEr glasses exhibit intense green and weak red emissions at 365 nm excitation. • Major laser transition for Er3+ ion in SALSFEr glasses is 4I13/2 → 4I15/2 (1.53 μm). • These results suggest the possibility of using SALSFEr glasses as photonic devices. - Abstract: The Er3+-doped novel oxyfluoride glasses of composition (43 − x)SiO2–10Al2O3–24LiF–23SrF2–xEr2O3, where x = 1.0, 2.0, 4.0 and 6.0 mol%, have been prepared by conventional melt quenching technique and are characterized through X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential thermal analysis (DTA), Raman, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) analysis, optical absorption spectra, visible (vis) and near-infrared (NIR) emission spectra measurements. Judd–Ofelt (JO) intensity parameters (Ωλ, λ = 2, 4 and 6) have been derived from the absorption spectrum of 1.0 mol% Er2O3 doped glass and are in turn used to calculate radiative properties for the important luminescent levels of Er3+ ions. The studied glasses show intense green and weak red visible emissions under 365 nm excitation. The decrease in visible emission intensities with concentration of Er3+ ions has been explained due to energy transfer processes between Er3+ ions. Upon excitation at 980 nm laser diode, an intense 1.53 μm NIR emission has been observed with the maximum full width at half maximum (FWHM) for Er3+-doped oxyfluoride glasses. The higher Er3+ ion doping capability and relatively high gain and broad emission at 1.5 μm are the most notable features of these glasses to realize efficient short-length optical amplifiers

  16. Optical properties of Ce3+ doped fluorophosphates scintillation glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Yongxin; Liu, Liwan; Zhang, Yu; Chen, Danping; Fang, Yongzheng; Zhao, Guoying

    2016-01-01

    Fluorophosphates (P2O5-BaO-BaF2-Al2O3-Gd2O3-Ce2O3) glasses with different Gd2O3 and BaF2 concentrations have been prepared by a melt quenching method. The effect of Gd2O3 and BaF2 on the glass performance including the density, absorption as well as luminescence properties under both ultraviolet (UV) and X-ray excitation was studied systematically. Energy transfer from Gd3+ to Ce3+ plays an important role in the scintillation mechanism of these glasses and the optimum concentration of Gd2O3 is found to be approximately 3 mol%. The highest integrated light emission intensity of these glass samples excited by X-ray is 25% of BGO and the decay time constants are in the range of 25-35 ns, much shorter than the 300 ns decay time of BGO. Meanwhile, replacing lighter compound BaO with the BaF2 can increase the density of the glasses and also improve the light yield.

  17. Spectroscopic investigations on Tb3+ doped lead fluoroborate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdul Azeem, P.; Kalidasan, M.; Reddy, R. R.; Ramagopal, K.

    2012-08-01

    This article presents the optical properties of Tb3+ in lead fluoroborate glasses of the type X PbF2·(89-X)B2O3·10 Al2O3·1Tb2O3 (where X=8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 34 and 36). The standard Judd-Ofelt model was applied to the room temperature absorption intensities of Tb3+ (4 f8) to determine the phenomenological intensity parameters Ω2, Ω4 and Ω6. These parameters have been used to calculate radiative transition probabilities (Arad), lifetimes (τR) and branching ratios (βR) for the excited level 5D4. The predicted values of τR are compared with the measured values for 5D4 level for eight glass compositions (Glass (A-H)). Among the eight-terbium glasses Glass A with 8 mol% of PbF2 (as the optimum content) has revealed an intense green emission with maximum life time and higher quantum efficiency. The stimulated emission cross section σ(λP) is also evaluated for the 5D4→7FJ (J=6, 5, 4 and 3) transitions.

  18. Gamma ray interactions with V{sub 2}O{sub 5}-doped sodium phosphate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    ElBatal, F.H. [Glass Research Department, National Research Center, Cairo (Egypt); Hamdy, Y.M. [Spectroscopy Department, National Research Center, Cairo (Egypt)], E-mail: yousry_m_h@yahoo.com; Marzouk, S.Y. [Electron Microscope and Thin Film Department, National Research Center, Cairo (Egypt)

    2008-12-20

    Undoped and V{sub 2}O{sub 5}-doped sodium phosphate glasses of various compositions and with varying progressive V{sub 2}O{sub 5} contents were prepared. UV-vis and infrared, Raman and electron spin resonance spectroscopic studies were measured before and after successive gamma irradiation. Experimental results indicate that vanadium ions exist in three possible valencies in sodium phosphate glasses, namely, the trivalent, tetravalent and pentavalent states. The first two lower valencies are predominant in this glass system. The changes in UV-vis and infrared spectral data are discussed in relation to the structural evolution caused by the change in the V{sub 2}O{sub 5} content or glass composition. Raman and ESR measurements are taken as confirmative tools to support our assumptions relating to the states of vanadium and structural groups arrangements in the studied glasses. Gamma irradiation produces induced defects depending on the host glass and the concentration of V{sub 2}O{sub 5} content together with the sharing of unavoidable trace iron impurities. Vanadium ions when present in high doping level, have been found to exhibit a shielding behaviour towards the effects of progressive gamma irradiation causing a retardation of the growth of the induced defects caused by irradiation.

  19. Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence from Ni in Bi/Ni-doped transparent glass ceramics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spectral properties of Bi/Ni-doped transparent MgO-Al2O3-Ga2O3-SiO2-TiO2 glass ceramics (GCs) containing spinel solution nanocrystals were investigated. The emission intensity of Ni in Bi/Ni-doped GCs was about 4 times stronger than that of Ni-doped GCs due to energy transfer from Bi to Ni. The Bi/Ni-doped GCs with 0.75 mol% Bi2O3 concentration exhibited a near-infrared emission with full width at half maximum of about 270 nm and a fluorescent lifetime of about 350 μs, making them very promising for applications in broadband optical amplifiers and tunable lasers.

  20. Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence from Ni in Bi/Ni-doped transparent glass ceramics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Botao; Ruan, Jian; Qiu, Jianrong; Zeng, Heping

    2009-07-01

    Spectral properties of Bi/Ni-doped transparent MgO-Al2O3-Ga2O3-SiO2-TiO2 glass ceramics (GCs) containing spinel solution nanocrystals were investigated. The emission intensity of Ni in Bi/Ni-doped GCs was about 4 times stronger than that of Ni-doped GCs due to energy transfer from Bi to Ni. The Bi/Ni-doped GCs with 0.75 mol% Bi2O3 concentration exhibited a near-infrared emission with full width at half maximum of about 270 nm and a fluorescent lifetime of about 350 µs, making them very promising for applications in broadband optical amplifiers and tunable lasers.

  1. Enhanced broadband near-infrared luminescence from Ni in Bi/Ni-doped transparent glass ceramics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu Botao; Zeng Heping [State Key Laboratory of Precision Spectroscopy and Department of Physics, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062 (China); Ruan Jian [Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China) and Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China); Qiu Jianrong, E-mail: botao.wu@yahoo.com.c [State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China)

    2009-07-07

    Spectral properties of Bi/Ni-doped transparent MgO-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}-Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3}-SiO{sub 2}-TiO{sub 2} glass ceramics (GCs) containing spinel solution nanocrystals were investigated. The emission intensity of Ni in Bi/Ni-doped GCs was about 4 times stronger than that of Ni-doped GCs due to energy transfer from Bi to Ni. The Bi/Ni-doped GCs with 0.75 mol% Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3} concentration exhibited a near-infrared emission with full width at half maximum of about 270 nm and a fluorescent lifetime of about 350 mus, making them very promising for applications in broadband optical amplifiers and tunable lasers.

  2. Optical properties in Ag+-doped phosphate glass irradiated with X-rays and α-particles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of this study is to investigate the emission mechanism of radiophotoluminescence (RPL) in the Ag+-doped phosphate glass (glass dosimeter), which is now used as individual radiation dosimeter, because the emission mechanism of RPL in glass dosimeter has been not fully understood. We have investigated the assignments and characteristics of the X-ray induced colour centres in the Ag+-doped phosphate glass up to now (Miyamoto et al., 2010). Optical properties such as optical absorption spectra related with X-ray and α-particles irradiation were measured for commercially available glass dosimeter. In this study optical properties such as optical absorption spectrum as a function of X-rays and α-particles irradiation were measured for commercially available glass dosimeter. Comparison of the RPL in Ag+-doped phosphate glass irradiated with X-rays and α-particles is discussed. -- Highlights: ► The emission spectrum of X-ray irradiated Ag+-doped phosphate glass was consists of two emission bands. ► The wavelengths of yellow and blue RPL emission peaks were located at 560 nm and 460 nm, respectively. ► The ratio of the yellow and the blue RPL emission bands for Ag+-doped phosphate glass was differed between α-particle irradiation and X-ray irradiation. ► The above results strongly suggested that it is possible to discriminate between α-particles irradiation and X-ray irradiation

  3. Devitrification of TeO2-doped Fluoroaluminate Glass

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bin TANG; Xinqiang YUAN; Tianfeng XUE; Jiacheng LI; Youyu FAN; Hefang HU

    2006-01-01

    Crystallization behavior of the glass system AlF3-MgF2-CaF2-SrF2-BaF2-YF3-TeO2 (AMCSBY-TeO2) was studied by the nonisothermal method using differential thermal analysis. The activation energy E and Avrami exponent n were determined by nonisothermal method. It is found that the value of E varies with increasing TeO2 and reaches a minimum at 10 mol fraction TeO2, while n decreases from 3.65 to 1.78 with the addition of TeO2. X-ray diffraction shows that Ba2Te3O8, MgTe2O5, and SrTeO3 phase formed when the glasses were reheated. The addition of TeO2 changes the crystallization mechanism and improves the stability of the fluoroaluminate glass.

  4. Electrophoretic deposition of chitosan/45S5 bioactive glass composite coatings doped with Zn and Sr

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta eMiola

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In this research work the original 45S5 bioactive glass (BG was modified by introducing zinc and/or strontium oxide (6% mol in place of calcium oxide. Sr was added for its ability to stimulate bone formation, Zn for its role in bone metabolism, antibacterial properties and anti-inflammatory effect. The glasses were produced by means of melting and quenching process. SEM and XRD analyses evidenced that Zr and Sr introduction did not modify the glass structure and morphology, while compositional analysis (EDS demonstrated the effective addition of these elements inside the glass network. Bioactivity test in simulated body fluid (SBF up to one month evidenced a reduced bioactivity kinetics for Zn-doped glasses. Doped glasses were combined with chitosan to produce organic/inorganic composite coatings on stainless steel AISI 316L by electrophoretic deposition (EPD. Two EPD processes were considered for coating development, namely direct current EPD (DC-EPD and alternating current EPD (AC-EPD. The stability of the suspension was analysed and the deposition parameters were optimized. Tape and bending tests demonstrated a good coating-substrate adhesion for coatings containing 45S5-Sr and 45S5-ZnSr glasses, while the adhesion to the substrate decreased by using 45S5-Zn glass. FTIR analyses demonstrated the composite nature of coatings and SEM observations indicated that glass particles were well integrated in the polymeric matrix, the coatings were fairly homogeneous and free of cracks; moreover the AC-EPD technique provided better results than DC-EPD in terms of coating quality. SEM, XRD analyses and Raman spectroscopy, performed after bioactivity test in SBF solution, confirmed the bioactive behaviour of 45S5-Sr containing coating, while coatings containing Zn exhibited no hydroxyapatite formation.

  5. Electrophoretic Deposition of Chitosan/45S5 Bioactive Glass Composite Coatings Doped with Zn and Sr.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miola, Marta; Verné, Enrica; Ciraldo, Francesca Elisa; Cordero-Arias, Luis; Boccaccini, Aldo R

    2015-01-01

    In this research work, the original 45S5 bioactive glass was modified by introducing zinc and/or strontium oxide (6 mol%) in place of calcium oxide. Sr was added for its ability to stimulate bone formation and Zn for its role in bone metabolism, antibacterial properties, and anti-inflammatory effect. The glasses were produced by means of melting and quenching process. SEM and XRD analyses evidenced that Zr and Sr introduction did not modify the glass structure and morphology while compositional analysis (EDS) demonstrated the effective incorporation of these elements in the glass network. Bioactivity test in simulated body fluid (SBF) up to 1 month evidenced a reduced bioactivity kinetics for Zn-doped glasses. Doped glasses were combined with chitosan to produce organic/inorganic composite coatings on stainless steel AISI 316L by electrophoretic deposition (EPD). Two EPD processes were considered for coating development, namely direct current EPD (DC-EPD) and alternating current EPD (AC-EPD). The stability of the suspension was analyzed and the deposition parameters were optimized. Tape and bending tests demonstrated a good coating-substrate adhesion for coatings containing 45S5-Sr and 45S5-ZnSr glasses, whereas the adhesion to the substrate decreased by using 45S5-Zn glass. FTIR analyses demonstrated the composite nature of coatings and SEM observations indicated that glass particles were well integrated in the polymeric matrix, the coatings were fairly homogeneous and free of cracks; moreover, the AC-EPD technique provided better results than DC-EPD in terms of coating quality. SEM, XRD analyses, and Raman spectroscopy, performed after bioactivity test in SBF solution, confirmed the bioactive behavior of 45S5-Sr-containing coating while coatings containing Zn exhibited no hydroxyapatite formation. PMID:26539431

  6. Spectroscopic properties of tellurite glasses co-doped with Er3+ and Yb3+

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spectroscopic characterization of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped tellurite glasses 70.8TeO2–5Al2O3–13K2O–(11−x)–BaO–0.2Er2O3–xYb2O3, where x=0, 0.4, 0.8, 1.2 and 2 mol% has been carried out through X-ray diffraction, Raman, absorption and luminescence spectra. The Judd–Ofelt intensity parameters were calculated for 0.2 mol% Er3+-doped glass and are used to evaluate radiative properties such as transition probabilities, branching ratios and radiative lifetime. The emission cross-section of the 4I13/2→4I15/2 transition has been calculated from the absorption data using McCumber's theory. The emission intensity of both, visible and infrared signals as a function of Yb2O3, have been studied under 980 nm and 375 nm laser excitation. The physical mechanisms responsible for both, visible and infrared signals in the tellurite samples have been explained in terms of the energy transfer and excited state absorption process. The FWHM of the 4I13/2→4I15/2 transition as a function of Yb2O3 mol% and distance (δ) between the laser focusing point and the end-face of the glass has been reported. It was observed both, experimentally and numerically, a change in the FWHM with variations of δ less than 8 mm. The latter was attributed to the radiation trapping effect. - Highlights: • Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped tellurite glasses were fabricated by the melt-quenching technique. • The structural, thermal and optical properties of the tellurite glasses were studied. • The radiation trapping effect has been observed in small tellurite glass samples. • Tellurite glasses could be a potential material for fiber fabrication

  7. Highly Tm3+ doped germanate glass and its single mode fiber for 2.0 μm laser

    OpenAIRE

    Xin Wen; Guowu Tang; Qi Yang; Xiaodong Chen; Qi Qian; Qinyuan Zhang; Zhongmin Yang

    2016-01-01

    Highly Tm3+ doped optical fibers are urgently desirable for 2.0 μm compact single-frequency fiber laser and high-repetition-rate mode-locked fiber laser. Here, we systematically investigated the optical parameters, energy transfer processes and thermal properties of Tm3+ doped barium gallo-germanate (BGG) glasses. Highly Tm3+ doped BGG glass single mode (SM) fibers were fabricated by the rod-in-tube technique. The Tm3+ doping concentration reaches 7.6 × 1020 ions/cm3, being the reported highe...

  8. Spectroscopic properties of Nd-doped phosphate glass with a high emission cross section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛艳丽; 孙真荣; 蒋秀丽; 邓佩珍; 干福熹

    2002-01-01

    Neodymium doped phosphate glasses have been prepared by the semi-continuous melting technique. Their ab-sorption and emission spectra have been recorded at room temperature. The Judd-Ofelt theory has been applied to ewluate the stimulated emission cross sections of 4F3/2→4I11/2 transition for Nd3+. The higher stimulated emission cross section, 4.0×10-20cm2, is obtained. The fluorescence decays of the 4F3/2→411/2 transition of Nd3+ are mea-sured for the samples doped (0.7-10) wt% of Nd2O3 at room temperature. The concentration quenching of Nd-doped phosphate glass is mainly attributed to cross-relaxation and energy migration. The site-dependent properties of fluores-cence spectra and the fluorescence lifetime of the Nd3+-doped phosphate glass (with 2.2wt% Nd2O3) are studied using laser-induced fluorescence line narrowing techniques, and the site-to-site variations of optical properties are observed at low temperature.

  9. Spectroscopic properties of bismuth-germanate glasses co-doped with erbium and holmium ions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ragin, Tomasz; Kochanowicz, Marcin; Żmojda, Jacek; Dorosz, Dominik

    2014-05-01

    In the article an analysis of thermal and spectroscopic properties of heavy metal oxide glasses from the Bi2O3-Ga2O3- Na2O-Ge2O3 system doped with rare earth elements were presented. It has been focused on the elaboration of the glass composition in terms of low phonon energy, high transparency in the range of infrared region and high thermal stability (ΔT=160 °C) required in optical fiber technology. Fabricated glasses co-doped with Er3+/Ho3+ions under 980 nm laser diode excitation exhibit emission at 1.55 μm (Er3+: 4I 13/2 → 4I15/2) and 2.0 μm (Ho3+: 4I7 → 5I8). The emission at 2.0 μm results from the Er3+ → Ho3+energy transfer. Taking into account great thermal stability and good optical properties such as high transparency (up to 80%) or high refractive index (2.23), the fabricated bismuth-germanate glass co-doped with Er3+/Ho3+ is promising material for construction of active optical fibers operating in the range of mid-infrared.

  10. Judd–Ofelt analysis of spectroscopic properties of Sm3+ doped sodium tellurite glasses co-doped with Yb3+

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A spectroscopic Judd–Ofelt investigation of co-doped sodium tellurite glasses is a key issue in lasers. Sm3+-doped glasses co-doped with various Yb3+ concentrations have been prepared by the melt quenching technique. These glasses have been characterized using XRD, optical absorption and luminescence techniques at room temperature. The amorphous nature of glasses has been confirmed by XRD spectra. The optical absorption spectra exhibited seven absorption peaks corresponding to the transition from ground level 6H5/2 to the various excited state of Sm3+ ions. The broad absorption band in the range of ∼870–1040 nm due to the large contribution of the absorption from 2F7/2→2F5/2 transition of Yb3+ ion was also observed. Judd–Ofelt theory have been applied to absorption intensities of Sm3+ transitions to determine the phenomenological intensity parameters, Ωλ (λ=2, 4 and 6). Emission spectra consisted of four emission bands 4G5/2→6H5/2, 6H7/2, 6H9/2 and 6H11/2. The J–O parameters have been employed to predict various radiative properties such as transition probability (AR), radiative lifetime (τf), branching ratio (βR), effective bandwidth (λeff), stimulated emission cross-section σ(λp), gain bandwidth and optical gain of trivalent samarium ion in 4G5/2 excitation level. The maximum values of stimulated emission cross section, gain bandwidth and optical gain were 23.09×10–22, 28.54×10–28 cm3 and 12.51×10–25, respectively, corresponding to 4G5/2→6H9/2 transition in present glasses. The comparative studies with other Sm3+ doped different glasses showed that present glasses could be a potential candidate for lasers and broadband amplifiers. -- Highlights: • A series of co-doped sodium tellurite glasses were synthesized by melt quenching technique. • Seven absorption peaks of Sm3+ ions and one peak due to superposition of Sm3+: 6H5/2→6F11/2 and Yb3+: 2F7/2→2F5/2 transitions are observed. • The intensities of HSTs transitions

  11. Photoluminescence characteristics of sintered silica glass doped with Cu ions using mesoporous SiO{sub 2}-PVA nanocomposite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ikeda, Hiroshi [Art, Science and Technology Center for Cooperative Research, Kyushu University, Kasuga, Fukuoka 816-8580 (Japan); Murata, Takahiro [Faculty of Education and Master' s Course in Education, Kumamoto University, 2-40-1 Kurokami, Chuo-ku, Kumamoto 860-8555 (Japan); Fujino, Shigeru, E-mail: fujino@astec.kyushu-u.ac.jp [Art, Science and Technology Center for Cooperative Research, Kyushu University, Kasuga, Fukuoka 816-8580 (Japan)

    2015-07-15

    Monolithic silica glasses doped with Cu ions were prepared by immersing a mesoporous SiO{sub 2}-polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) nanocomposite in a copper nitrate solution followed by sintering at 1100 °C for 12 h in air. The Cu ions were reduced from divalent to monovalent during the sintering process and consequently Cu{sup +} was doped into the silica glass matrix. The sintered glass possessed blue or yellow photoluminescence (PL) under UV irradiation, depending on the total concentration of Cu ions in the sintered silica glass. At a lower concentration below 30 ppm, the isolated Cu{sup +} existed in the glass matrix resulting in the blue PL. However, above 70 ppm, the Cu{sup +}–Cu{sup +} pairs were present, exhibiting the yellow PL. It was demonstrated that the PL characteristics of the sintered silica glasses doped with monovalent copper ions were affected by the total concentration of Cu ions in the glass, which can be adjusted as a function of the immersion conditions. - Highlights: • Silica glass doped with Cu{sup +} was fabricated by sintering the nanocomposite. • The Cu ions were reduced from divalent to monovalent during the sintering process. • The sintered glass possessed blue or yellow PL under UV irradiation. • The blue and yellow PL are due to isolated Cu{sup +} and Cu{sup +}–Cu{sup +} pairs, respectively. • The PL characteristics depended on the total concentration of Cu ions in the glass.

  12. Spectral properties and shielding behavior of gamma irradiated MoO{sub 3}-doped silicophosphate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hamdy, Y.M., E-mail: yousry_m_h@yahoo.com [Spectroscopy Department, Physics Division, National Research Center, Dokki, Cairo (Egypt); Marzouk, M.A.; ElBatal, H.A. [Glass Research Department, National Research Center, Dokki, Cairo (Egypt)

    2013-11-15

    Combined optical and infrared absorption spectra of prepared molybdenum ions in sodium silicophosphate host glasses were investigated before and after gamma irradiation with a dose of 8 Mrad (8×10{sup 4} Gy). The undoped base sodium silicophosphate glass reveals strong charge transfer ultraviolet absorption but with no visible bands. This strong UV absorption is related to the presence of contaminated trace iron impurities (mainly Fe{sup 3+} ions) within the raw materials used for the preparation of this host glass. The MoO{sub 3} doped glasses exhibit extra characteristic absorption bands due to the presence of molybdenum ions in three possible valence states, the trivalent, pentavalent and hexavalent forms. Gamma irradiation of the base undoped glass increases the extension of optical absorption within the UV spectrum and produces an extra broad visible band centered at 520 nm. Such radiation-induced spectra are interpreted by assuming the formation of new induced color centers through the absorption of released electrons and formed positive holes during the irradiation process. Also, the possible formation of induced centers through photochemical transformation of some Fe{sup 2+} ions to Fe{sup 3+} ions by accepting positive holes. The presence of molybdenum ions is assumed to compete with the suggested irradiation reactions by capturing electrons and positive holes during the irradiation process. Infrared absorption spectra of the undoped and MoO{sub 3}-doped glasses reveal broad IR vibrational bands which are attributed to the presence of combined characteristic vibrational IR modes due to main phosphate and partner silicate groups. The addition of MoO{sub 3} (0.5–1.5%) as dopant level causes no changes in the number and position of the main characteristic absorption bands. Gamma irradiation did not cause any marked changes in the IR spectra and the maintainance of the same main IR bands due to the stability of the network containing dual compact two glass

  13. Nucleation and crystallization of Ca doped basaltic glass for the production of a glass-ceramic material

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarrago, Mariona; Royo, Irene; Garcia-Valles, Maite; Martínez, Salvador

    2016-04-01

    Sewage sludge from wastewater treatment plants is a waste with a composition roughly similar to that of a basalt. It may contain potentially toxic elements that can be inertized by vitrification. Using a glass-ceramic process, these elements will be emplaced in newly formed mineral phases. Glass-ceramic production requires an accurate knowledge of the temperatures of nucleation (TN) and crystal growth of the corresponding minerals. This work arises from the study of the addition of ions to a basaltic matrix in order to establish a model of vitrification of sewage sludge. In this case a glass-ceramic is obtained from a glass made with a basalt that has been doped with 16% CaO. Two glasses which underwent different cooling processes have been produced and compared. The first was annealed at 650oC (AG) and the second was quenched (QG). The chemical composition of the glasses is SiO2 36.11 wt%, Al2O312.19 wt%, CaO 24.44 wt%, FeO 10.06 wt%, MgO 9.19 wt%, Na2O 2.28 wt%, TiO2 2.02 wt%, K2O 1.12 wt%, P2O5 0.46 wt%. Glass transition temperature obtained by dilatometry varies from 640 oC (AG) to 700 oC (QG). The temperatures of nucleation and crystal growth of the glass have been determined by Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA). The phases formed after these treatments were identified by X-Ray Diffraction. The temperatures of exothermic and endothermic peaks measured in the quenched glass are, in average, 10 oC higher than those found for the annealed glass. The exothermic peaks provide crystallization temperatures for different phases: a first event at 857 oC corresponds to the growth of magnetite, pyroxene and nepheline, whereas a second event at 1030 oC is due to the crystallization of melilite from the reaction between previous minerals and a remaining amorphous phase. The complete melting of this system occurs at 1201 oC. This glass has been nucleated inside the DTA furnace (500-850° C/3 hours) and then heated up to 1300 oC using the fraction between 400-500μm. TN

  14. Praseodymium ion doped phosphate glasses for integrated broadband ion-exchanged waveguide amplifier

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shen, L.F. [School of Textile and Material Engineering, Dalian Polytechnic University, Dalian 116034 (China); Department of Electronic Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong Kong (China); Chen, B.J. [Department of Electronic Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong Kong (China); Lin, H., E-mail: lhai8686@yahoo.com [School of Textile and Material Engineering, Dalian Polytechnic University, Dalian 116034 (China); Department of Electronic Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong Kong (China); Pun, E.Y.B. [Department of Electronic Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong Kong (China)

    2015-02-15

    Highlights: • Effective near-infrared emission (1380-1525 nm) is observed in Pr{sup 3+}-doped phosphate glasses. • Effective bandwidth of {sup 1}D{sub 2} → {sup 1}G{sub 4} transition emission is obtained to be 124 nm. • Channel waveguides have been fabricated by K{sup +}-Na{sup +} ion-exchange method. • Pr{sup 3+}-doped phosphate glasses are promising in developing integrated broadband waveguide amplifier. - Abstract: Effective near-infrared emission covering the fifth optical telecommunication window (1380-1525 nm) has been observed in Pr{sup 3+}-doped phosphate (NMAP) glasses. Judd-Ofelt parameters Ω{sub 2} (6.38 × 10{sup −20} cm{sup 2}), Ω{sub 4} (20.30 × 10{sup −20} cm{sup 2}) and Ω{sub 6} (0.40 × 10{sup −20} cm{sup 2}) indicate a high inversion asymmetrical and strong covalent environment in the optical glasses. The effective bandwidth (Δλ{sub eff}) of the corresponding {sup 1}D{sub 2} → {sup 1}G{sub 4} transition emission is obtained to be 124 nm, and the maximum stimulated emission cross-section (σ{sub em-max}) at 1468 nm is derived to be 1.14 × 10{sup −20} cm{sup 2}. Channel waveguide was fabricated successfully by K{sup +}-Na{sup +} ion-exchange method with mode field diameter of 8.8 μm in the horizontal direction and 6.7 μm in the vertical direction. Broad effective bandwidth, large emission cross-section and perfect thermal ion-exchangeability indicate that Pr{sup 3+}-doped NMAP phosphate glasses are promising in developing integrated broadband waveguide amplifier, especially operating at E- and S-bands which belong to the fifth optical telecommunication window.

  15. Dy{sup 3+}-doped germanate glasses for waveguide-typed irradiation light sources

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, H.Y.; Shen, L.F. [School of Textile and Material Engineering, Dalian Polytechnic University, Dalian 116034 (China); Department of Electronic Engineering and State Key Laboratory of Millimeter Waves, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong (China); Pun, E.Y.B. [Department of Electronic Engineering and State Key Laboratory of Millimeter Waves, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong (China); Lin, H., E-mail: lhai8686@yahoo.com [School of Textile and Material Engineering, Dalian Polytechnic University, Dalian 116034 (China); Department of Electronic Engineering and State Key Laboratory of Millimeter Waves, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong (China)

    2015-10-15

    Intense orange-yellow luminescence was achieved in trivalent dysprosium ion (Dy{sup 3+}) doped waveguide-adaptive sodium magnesium aluminium germanate (NMAG) glasses under ultraviolet (UV) radiation. The dominant 482.5 nm (blue) and 574.5 nm (yellow) peaks correspond to {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} → {sup 6}H{sub 15/2} and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} → {sup 6}H{sub 13/2} transitions, respectively. The internal quantum efficiency for the {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} level of Dy{sup 3+} and the total external quantum yield for the four visible emissions were calculated to be 70.88% and 8.90%, respectively. Slab and channel waveguides were attempted by K{sup +}-Na{sup +} ion-exchange processes and the effective diffusion coefficient D{sub e} was derived to be 0.085 μm{sup 2}/min, indicating that thermal ion exchange was feasible to fabricate Dy{sup 3+}-doped NMAG glasses waveguide. The efficient visible emissions in Dy{sup 3+}-doped NMAG glasses demonstrate the potential in developing waveguide-typed irradiation light sources for minimally invasive photodynamic therapy. - Highlights: • Dy{sup 3+}-doped germanate glass was confirmed suitable for K{sup +}-Na{sup +} ion exchange for waveguide devices. • Orange-yellow luminescence dominated by {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} → {sup 6}H{sub 13/2} yellow emission was recorded. • High quantum efficiency of 70.88% was identified for {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} level of Dy{sup 3+} in germanate glasses. • Total quantum yield of four emissions in visible spectral region was derived to be 8.90%.

  16. EPR, optical absorption and luminescence studies of Cr3+-doped antimony phosphate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Vicente, F. S.; Santos, F. A.; Simões, B. S.; Dias, S. T.; Siu Li, M.

    2014-12-01

    Antimony phosphate glasses (SbPO) doped with 3 and 6 mol% of Cr3+ were studied by Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR), UV-VIS optical absorption and luminescence spectroscopy. The EPR spectra of Cr3+-doped glasses showed two principal resonance signals with effective g values at g = 5.11 and g = 1.97. UV-VIS optical absorption spectra of SbPO:Cr3+ presented four characteristics bands at 457, 641, 675, and 705 nm related to the transitions from 4A2(F) to 4T1(F), 4T2(F), 2T1(G), and 2E(G), respectively, of Cr3+ ions in octahedral symmetry. Optical absorption spectra of SbPO:Cr3+ allowed evaluating the crystalline field Dq, Racah parameters (B and C) and Dq/B. The calculated value of Dq/B = 2.48 indicates that Cr3+ ions in SbPO glasses are in strong ligand field sites. The optical band gap for SbPO and SbPO:Cr3+ were evaluated from the UV optical absorption edges. Luminescence measurements of pure and Cr3+-doped glasses excited with 350 nm revealed weak emission bands from 400 to 600 nm due to the 3P1 → 1S0 electronic transition from Sb3+ ions. Cr3+-doped glasses excited with 415 nm presented Cr3+ characteristic luminescence spectra composed by two broad bands, one band centered at 645 nm (2E → 4A2) and another intense band from 700 to 850 nm (4T2 → 4A2).

  17. Optical properties of Eu2O3 doped lead fluoroborate glass

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagh, Akshatha; Mahato, K. K.; Lakshmikanth, R.; Rajaramakrishna, R.; Kamath, Sudha D.

    2012-06-01

    A series of Lead Fluoroborate glasses having composition (mol%) 20 PbF2 - 20 TeO2 - (60-x) B2O3 - xEu2O3 were prepared by doping with different concentration of rare earth element Europium (Eu3+) using the normal melt-quench technique (with x = 0.0, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 and 2.5 mol%). The physical parameters like mass density, refractive index, number density, molar refraction, electronic polarizability of theses glasses were found as a function of dopant concentration. The absorption spectra of these glasses were recorded in the UV-VIS range. No sharp edges were found in the spectra, which verify the amorphous nature of theses glasses.

  18. Luminescence study of mixed valence Eu-doped nanocrystalline glass-ceramics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagga, Ruchika; Achanta, Venu Gopal; Goel, Ashutosh; Ferreira, José M. F.; Singh, Narinder Pal; Singh, Davinder Paul; Contini, Vittoria; Falconieri, Mauro; Sharma, Gopi

    2013-12-01

    Eu-doped nanocrystalline NaAlSiO4/NaY9Si6O26 glass-ceramics have been prepared by controlled crystallization of melt quenched bulk glasses. XRD, SEM and FTIR spectroscopy techniques were employed to characterize the crystallization process and the structural properties of the precursor glass and corresponding glass-ceramics. The formation of divalent europium (Eu2+) from Eu3+ ions during high temperature synthesis under ambient atmosphere was analyzed by photoluminescence spectroscopy and is discussed using the optical basicity model. The observed luminescence properties of Eu: NaY9Si6O26 are compared with that of Eu: β-PbF2 nanocrystals and their marked differences are discussed.

  19. Influence of addition of B2O3 on properties of Yb3+ -doped phosphate laser glass

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Shu-jiang; LU An-xian; TANG Xiao-dong; HE Shao-bo

    2006-01-01

    The three host glasses doped with Yb3+ were prepared by means of conventional melt quenching technol ogy, and the influence on physical and spectral properties of phosphate glass due to addition of B2O3 was investigated and compared with silicate glass. The results show that due to the existence of OH- impurities which induce thenon-radiative route, the fluorescence lifetime of phosphate glass is shorter, so silicate glass has better spectral properties than phosphate glass. Silicate glass has more excellent thermal-mechanical properties than phosphate glass,but with the addition of B2O3, thermal-mechanical properties of phosphate glass are improved greatly without fluo rescence quenching effect, and this kind of borophosphate glass will be the candidate to be used in high average pow er solid state laser.

  20. Free volume effects on the fluorescence characteristics of sol-gel glasses doped with quinine sulphate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meneses-Nava, M. A.; Barbosa-García, O.; Díaz-Torres, L. A.; Chávez-Cerda, S.; King, T. A.

    1999-12-01

    The broadening of the absorption and fluorescence spectra and the red shift of the fluorescence maximum of quinine sulfate doped sol-gel glasses, before and after PMMA polymer impregnation, are investigated at different concentrations. The fluorescence decay of the quinine sulfate doped samples does not fit to a single exponential, as it does in ethanol solutions. We found that a double exponential gives a good fit to the obtained results. Introduction of solvent to fill the pores of the matrix does not only have the same effect as the polymer, but also reveals the strong attachment of the molecules to the pore walls and the influence of the interaction with the cage.

  1. Dy{sup 3+}-doped Ga–Sb–S chalcogenide glasses for mid-infrared lasers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Mingjie [Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Laser Materials and Devices, School of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221116 (China); Yang, Anping, E-mail: apyang@jsnu.edu.cn [Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Laser Materials and Devices, School of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221116 (China); Peng, Yuefeng [Institute of Applied Electronics, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, Sichuan 621900 (China); Zhang, Bin; Ren, He; Guo, Wei; Yang, Yan; Zhai, Chengcheng; Wang, Yuwei; Yang, Zhiyong; Tang, Dingyuan [Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Laser Materials and Devices, School of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221116 (China)

    2015-10-15

    Highlights: • Novel Ga–Sb–S chalcogenide glasses doped with Dy{sup 3+} ions were synthesized. • The glasses show good thermal stability and excellent infrared transparency. • The glasses show low phonon energy and intense mid-infrared emissions. • The mid-infrared emissions have high quantum efficiency. • The mid-infrared emissions have large stimulated emission cross sections. - Abstract: Novel Ga–Sb–S chalcogenide glasses doped with different amount of Dy{sup 3+} ions were prepared. Their thermal stability, optical properties, and mid-infrared (MIR) emission properties were investigated. The glasses show good thermal stability, excellent infrared transparency, very low phonon energy (∼306 cm{sup −1}), and intense emissions centered at 2.95, 3.59, 4.17 and 4.40 μm. Three Judd–Ofelt intensity parameters (Ω{sub 2} = 8.51 × 10{sup −20} cm{sup 2}, Ω{sub 4} = 2.09 × 10{sup −20} cm{sup 2}, and Ω{sub 6} = 1.60 × 10{sup −20} cm{sup 2}) are obtained, and the related radiative transition properties are evaluated. The high quantum efficiencies and large stimulated emission cross sections of the MIR emissions (88.10% and 1.11 × 10{sup −20} cm{sup 2} for 2.95 μm emission, 75.90% and 0.38 × 10{sup −20} cm{sup 2} for 4.40 μm emission, respectively) in the Dy{sup 3+}-doped Ga–Sb–S glasses make them promising gain materials for the MIR lasers.

  2. Radiation induced color centers in cerium-doped and cerium-free multicomponent silicate glasses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅鑫杰; 宋力昕; 李家成

    2014-01-01

    The effect of doped cerium on the radiation-resistance behavior of silicate glass was investigated in our work. The ultra-violet-visible absorption spectra and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra were obtained after the cerium-rich and ce-rium-free multicomponent silicate glasses (K509 and K9) were irradiated by gamma rays with a dose range from 10 to 1000 kGy. The results showed that E’ center, oxygen deficient center (ODC) and non-bridging oxygen hole center (HC1 and HC2) were induced in K9 and K509 glasses after radiation. The concentrations of all color centers presented an exponential growth with the increase of the gamma dose. Moreover, the concentration of HC1 and HC2 in cerium-doped K509 glass was much lower than that in cerium-free K9 glass at the same dose of radiation, which could be attributed to the following mechanism:Ce3+ions capturing holes then forming Ce3++centers inhibited the formation of hole trapped color centers (HC1 and HC2) and Ce4+ions capturing electrons to form Ce3+centers suppressed the formation of electron trapped color centers like E’ center.

  3. Study on the protection of Er-doped phosphate glass waveguide surface in ion-exchange processing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    A novel method, sputtering K9 glass film, is proposed to solve the surface corrosion of Er-doped phosphate glass during ion-exchange processing for optical waveguide fabrication. The corrosion causes are analyzed to be the intrinsically weak stabilization of phosphate glass structure, hydrophile and weakly acidic property of phosphate radical. Experimental results show that the K9 glass film could not only protect the Er-doped phosphate glass surface from being corroded but also give no influence on the waveguide fabrication. The effect of thickness of K9 glass film on the optical property of waveguide is also investigated and the op- timal thickness is found to be 60―80 nm. It provides a good base for further fabri- cation of active phosphate glass optical waveguide devices.

  4. Nonlinear optical studies in semiconductor-doped glasses under femtosecond pulse excitation

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    C P Singh; K S Bindra; S M Oak

    2010-12-01

    Nonlinear optical studies in semiconductor-doped glasses (SDGs) are performed under femtosecond laser pulse excitation. Z-scan experiments with 800 nm wave- length pulses are used to excite SDG samples in the resonance and non-resonance regimes. Schott colour glass filter OG 515 shows stronger two-photon absorption than GG 420 and both the samples exhibit positive nonlinearity. However, in resonantly excited RG 850 the intensity-dependent Z-scan shows transition from saturable to reverse saturable absorption behaviour with the increase in intensity.

  5. Structure and properties of strontium-doped phosphate-based glasses

    OpenAIRE

    Abou Neel, Ensanya A; Chrzanowski, Wojciech; Pickup, David M.; O'Dell, Luke A.; Morden, Nicola J.; Newport, Robert J.; Smith, Mark E; Knowles, Jonathan C

    2009-01-01

    Owing to similarity in both ionic size and polarity, strontium (Sr2+) is known to behave in a comparable way to calcium (Ca2+), and its role in bone metabolism has been well documented as both anti-resorptive and bone forming. In this study, novel quaternary strontium-doped phosphate-based glasses, containing 1, 3 and 5 mol% SrO, were synthesized and characterized. P-31 magic angle spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance results showed that, as the Sr2+ content is increased in the glasses, ...

  6. Optical absorption and luminescence study of cobalt-doped magnesium aluminosilicate glass ceramics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malyarevich, A. M.; Denisov, I. A.; Yumashev, K. V.; Dymshits, O. S.; Zhilin, A. A.

    2002-08-01

    Linear and nonlinear optical properties of cobalt-doped magnesium aluminosilicate transparent glass ceramics that were prepared under different conditions have been studied. It has been shown that absorption and luminescence spectra and absorption bleaching of these glass ceramics are defined mainly by tetrahedrally coordinated Co 2+ ions located in magnesium aluminum spinel nanocrystals. The lifetimes of the 4 T 1 ( 4 F) and 4 T 2 ( 4 F) excited states of the tetrahedral Co 2+ ions were found to be in the ranges 2540 and 120450 ns, respectively, depending on the Co concentration. 2002 Optical Society of America

  7. ER3+-DOPED SODA-LIME SILICATE GLASS: ARTIFICIAL PINK GEMSTONE

    OpenAIRE

    Weeranut Kaewwiset; Kheamrutai Thamaphat; Jakrapong Kaewkhao; Pichet Limsuwan

    2012-01-01

    Er3+-doped soda-lime silicate glasses of the composition (in mol%) (65-x)SiO2:25Na2O:10CaO:xEr2O3 (where x = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5) were fabricated by conventional melt quenching technique. The physical and optical properties were measured and investigated. The erbium oxide enters the glass network as a modifier by occupying the interstitial space in the network and generating the NBOs to the structure. The molar volume increases with an increase in Er2O3 content, which is attributed to the inc...

  8. Rare earth-doped integrated glass components: modeling and optimization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lumholt, Ole; Bjarklev, Anders Overgaard; Rasmussen, Thomas;

    1995-01-01

    performed, and the influence of variations in the launched pump power, the core cross section, the waveguide length, the erbium concentration, and the background losses are evaluated. Optimal design proposals are given, and the process reproducibility of the proposed optimal design is examined. Requirements......For the integrated optic erbium-doped phosphate silica-amplifier, a comprehensive model is presented which includes high-concentration dissipative ion-ion interactions. Based on actual waveguide parameters, the model is seen to reproduce measured gains closely. A rigorous design optimization is...

  9. Enhancement of upconversion luminescence due to the formation of nanocrystals in Er3+-doped tellurite glasses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gang Zhou; Shixun Dai; Chunlei Yu; Junjie Zhang; Guonian Wang; Lei Wen; Zhonghong Jiang

    2006-01-01

    Optically transparent Er3+-doped tellurite-based nanocrystallized glasses with the composition of 70TeO2·15Lie2O·0·15Nb2O5·0.5Er2O3(mol)have been perpared by a conventional melting quenching and the subsequent heat treatment porcesses.The sizes of grown nanocrystals in glass matrix appear to be35-50 nm from the X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurement. The microhardness measurement shows that the Vickers hardness values of the nanocrystallized tellurite glasses are larger (33%-62%) than those inthe base glass. The Raman spectra imply that the maximum phonon energy of the based glass decreases and shifts from 668 to 638 cm-1 after heat-treatment. Visible upconversion luminescence and infrared luminescence of the base glass and heat-treated glasses under 980-nm laser diode (LD) excitation are investigated. The 524-, 546- and 656-nm upconversion intensities by 980-nm pumping increase significantly.

  10. Preparation and Visible Light Photocatalytic Activity for Photocatalyst of Permeable Glass Membrane/TiO2 Doped with Co

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Ke-Yan; CUI Ping; CHEN Xiao-Ming; ZHANG Min; LI Yong

    2007-01-01

    @@ The photocatalyst of permeable glass membrane/TiO2 doped with Co (permeable glass membrane/TiO2 doped with Co) is prepared by the sol-gel method. The morphology and phase of the samples are determined by the field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and x-ray diffraction experiment, respectively. The photocatalytic results show that the photocatalyst is sensitive to the visible light and exhibits excellent photocatalytic activity of photodegradation methylene blue. The photocatalytic mechanism is also discussed.

  11. Nanodiamond in tellurite glass Part I: origin of loss in nanodiamond-doped glass

    CERN Document Server

    Ebendorff-Heidepriem, Heike; Ji, Hong; Greentree, Andrew D; Gibson, Brant C; Monro, Tanya M

    2014-01-01

    Tellurite glass fibers with embedded nanodiamond are attractive materials for quantum photonic applications. Reducing the loss of these fibers in the 600-800 nm wavelength range of nanodiamond fluorescence is essential to exploit the unique properties of nanodiamond in the new hybrid material. In the first part of this study, we report the effect of interaction of the tellurite glass melt with the embedded nanodiamond on the loss of the glasses. The glass fabrication conditions such as melting temperature and concentration of NDs added to the melt were found to have critical influence on the interaction. Based on this understanding, we identified promising fabrication conditions for decreasing the loss to levels required for practical applications.

  12. Upconversion luminescence of Yb 3+/Tb 3+ co-doped tellurite glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kochanowicz, Marcin; Zmojda, Jacek; Dorosz, Dominik; Miluski, Piotr; Dorosz, Jan

    2014-05-01

    In the article the upconversion luminescence ofTeO2- GeO2 - PbO - PbF2- BaO - Nb2O5 - LaF3 glass system co-doped withYb 3+ /Tb 3+ under 976 nm laser diode excitation was investigated. The influence of Tb2O3concentration on the luminescent properties was determined. Measured strong luminescence at492, 547, 588, 622 nm correspond to 5D4→7FJ (J=6, 4, 3) transitions. Energy transfer (ET) mechanism involved in observed emission was discussed. The highest upconversion emission intensity was obtained in the tellurite glass co-doped with 0.5 Yb2O3/0.5 Tb2O3 (mol%).

  13. Nd3+ Doped Silicate Glass Photonic Crystal Fiber with Random Hole Distributions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The fabrication of one kind of large core area Nd3+ doped silicate glass photonic crystal fiber, and demonstration of the fiber's waveguidence properties were reported. This fiber owns a random air hole distribution in the cladding. The measured minimum loss of this kind of fiber is 10 dB·m-1 at 660 nm. These fibers can sustain only a single mode at least over wavelength ranging from 660 nm to 980 nm.

  14. Optical nonlinearities in semiconductor-doped glasses near and below the band edge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bindra, K. S.; Oak, S. M.; Rustagi, K. C.

    1998-03-01

    We present a brief review of our recent experimental results on optical nonlinearities in semiconductor-doped glasses. It is shown that even below the absorption edge the nonlinearities are determined by nonlinear absorption. The optical Kerr effect is found to have a susceptibility which is comparable to that for nonlinear refraction. We also find that in degenerate four-wave mixing the observed intensity dependence can be strongly influenced by nonlinear absorption.

  15. DBR and DFB Lasers in Neodymium- and Ytterbium-Doped Photothermorefractive Glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryasnyanskiy, Aleksandr; Vorobiev, N.; Smirnov, V.; Lumeau, J.; Glebov, A.; Mokhun, O..; Spiegelberg, Ch.; Krainak, Michael A.; Glebov, A.; Glebov, L.

    2014-01-01

    The first demonstration, to the best of our knowledge, of distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) and monolithic distributed feedback (DFB) lasers in photothermorefractive glass doped with rare-earth ions is reported. The lasers were produced by incorporation of the volume Bragg gratings into the laser gain elements. A monolithic single-frequency solid-state laser with a line width of 250 kHz and output power of 150 mW at 1066 nm is demonstrated.

  16. Determination of the oxidation state and coordination of a vanadium doped chalcogenide glass

    OpenAIRE

    Hughes, MA; Curry, RJ; Hewak, DW

    2011-01-01

    Vanadium doped chalcogenide glass has potential as an active gain medium, particularly at telecommunications wavelengths. This dopant has three spin allowed absorption transitions at 1100, 737 and 578 nm, and a spin forbidden absorption transition at 1000 nm. X-ray photo electron spectroscopy indicated the presence of vanadium in a range of oxidation states from V+ to V5+. Excitation of each absorption band resulted in the same characteristic emission spectrum and lifetime, indicating that on...

  17. New Infrared Luminescence from Bi-doped Glasses

    OpenAIRE

    Fujimoto, Yasushi

    2010-01-01

    In this chapter, we introduce the basic properties of BiSG and the analyzed local structure of Bi luminescent center. Several instrumental analyses, such as spectroscopic properties (SPCT), LMI, NMR, XRD, ESR, XPS, and EXAFS were advanced on a Bi2O3-Al2O3-SiO2 glass system. The roles and the structure of the Al ions and the valence state of the luminescent Bi ions were examined. The following are the roles and the structure of the Al ions: 1) to assist the configuration of the distinctive lum...

  18. Effects of Nb2O5 on thermal stability and optical properties of Er3+-doped tellurite glasses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Chun; Zhang Qin-Yuan; Pan Yue-Xiao; Jiang Zhong-Hong

    2006-01-01

    Er3+-doped tellurite glasses with molar compositions of xNb2O5 - (14.7 - x)Na2O-10ZnO-SK2O-10GeO2-60TeO2-0.3Er2O3 (x = 0, 3, 5, 7 and 9) have been investigated for developing 1.5 μm fibre and planar amplifiers. The effects of Nb2O5 on the thermal stability and optical properties of Er3+-doped tellurite glasses have been discussed.It is noted that the incorporation of Nb2O5 (x=5) increases the thermal stability of tellurite glasses significantly.Er3+-doped niobium tellurite glasses exhibit a large stimulated emission cross-section (7.2×10-21 - 10.7×10-21 cm2)and the gain bandwidth, FWHM×σepeak (274×10-28 -480×10-28 cm3), which are significantly higher than that of silicate and phosphate glasses. In addition, the intensity of upconversion luminescence of the Er3+-doped niobium tellurite glasses decreases rapidly with increasing Nb2O5 content. As a result, Er3+-doped niobium tellurite glasses might be a potential candidate for developing laser or optical amplifier devices.

  19. Fabrication of Rare Earth-Doped Transparent Glass Ceramic Optical Fibers by Modified Chemical Vapor Deposition

    CERN Document Server

    Blanc, Wilfried; Nguyen, Luan; Bhaktha, S N B; Sebbah, Patrick; Pal, Bishnu P; Dussardier, Bernard

    2011-01-01

    Rare earth (RE) doped silica-based optical fibers with transparent glass ceramic (TGC) core was fabricated through the well-known modified chemical vapor deposition (MCVD) process without going through the commonly used stage of post-ceramming. The main characteristics of the RE-doped oxyde nanoparticles namely, their density and mean diameter in the fibers are dictated by the concentration of alkaline earth element used as phase separating agent. Magnesium and erbium co-doped fibers were fabricated. Optical transmission in term of loss due to scattering as well as some spectroscopic characteristics of the erbium ions was studied. For low Mg content, nano-scale particles could be grown with and relatively low scattering losses were obtained, whereas large Mg-content causes the growth of larger particles resulting in much higher loss. However in the latter case, certain interesting alteration of the spectroscopic properties of the erbium ions were observed. These initial studies should be useful in incorporati...

  20. Point defect stability in gamma irradiated aluminoborosilicate glasses: Influence of Yb{sup 3+} doping ions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ollier, N., E-mail: nadege.ollier@polytechnique.edu [CEA, IRAMIS, Laboratoire des Solides Irradies, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS, 91128 Palaiseau (France); Pukhkaya, V. [CEA, IRAMIS, Laboratoire des Solides Irradies, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS, 91128 Palaiseau (France)

    2012-04-15

    Yb-doped aluminoborosilicate were irradiated with gamma rays at 10{sup 4}, 10{sup 5}, 10{sup 6} and 10{sup 7} Gy. The thermal stability as well as the recovery at room temperature of paramagnetic point defects such as Boron Oxygen Hole Center (BOHC), peroxy radicals and E Prime center were studied. At first, doping with Yb induced a saturation of the E Prime defect production and more importantly, the E Prime center recovering temperature was decreased by 50 Degree-Sign C. E Prime and BOHC defects both showed a limited stability at room temperature. By doping with Yb the glasses, the fading time of defects and in particular the BOHC defect recovery was modified. The BOHC defect showed moreover a larger sensitivity to photobleaching compared to the E Prime centers.

  1. The research of properties of Eu3+-doped cadmium aluminium silicate glass

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yue-e.; Hou, Lan-tian; Song, Zhao-yuan

    2008-11-01

    We have prepared (40SiO2-14Al2O3-(40-x) CdO-2Li2O-2K2O-2Na2O -x Eu2O3) cadmium aluminium silicate glasses doped with europium by high temperature solid-state reaction method. The absorption spectra, excitation spectra, emission spectra are obtained. With the increase of Eu2O3, the absorption peaks are founded increasing to the best doped concentration and then reducing, which is nonlinear relationship. The charge-transfer band is moved to 320 nm due to the addition of Cd2+. We can see that the ratio of peak in 591 nm and 615 nm is 0.6-0.75 in general, and is unrelated to doped concentration. By changing concentration of Eu3+.We can adjust and mix different intensity of light according to the demand.

  2. Enhanced upconversion emission of Dy3+-doped tellurite glass by heat-treated silver nanoparticles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dy3+-doped lead sodium tellurite glasses containing silver nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized by a melt-quenching technique and treated for different annealing time intervals above the glass transition temperature. The glass samples were characterized by UV–vis–IR absorption spectroscopy, photoluminescence spectroscopy and transmission electron microscope imaging. Eight absorption peaks of Dy3+ ions were observed indicating the transitions from ground state to different excited states. The surface plasmon resonance (SPR) peak of silver NPs was probed at 522 nm. Blue, yellow and red luminescence emissions were recorded at 485, 578 and 665 nm. The intensity of emission peaks for heat-treated samples containing silver NPs found to be 1.7–4 times larger than their singly-doped counterpart. Such enhancements are attributed to the modification of the local field due to difference between dielectric constants of metal and surrounding medium as the major factor, and energy transfer from nano-metal particles to Dy3+ ions as the minor aspect. The size distribution of silver NPs has a Gaussian shape with a maximum around 18 nm. The glasses can be nominated as promising materials for solid state lasers. - Highlights: • Dy3+-doped sodium lead tellurite glass containing silver NPs are prepared by the melt quench technique. • The surface plasmon band of silver NPs is observed at 522 nm. • Enhancements in the order of 1.7–4 times are obtained for visible lines of Dy3+ ions under 800 nm excitation. • Different mechanisms for enhancements and quenches of emission intensities are discussed

  3. Composition dependence of luminescence of Eu and Eu/Tb doped silicate glasses for LED applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhu, C.F.; Chaussedent, S.; Liu, S.;

    2013-01-01

    . The variation of the excitation wavelength can tune the emission spectra as well as Commission Internationale de L’Eclairage (CIE) chromaticity coordinates of Eu/Tb co-doped glasses for specific applications. The energy transfer from Tb3+ to Eu3+ ions is investigated by analyzing fluorescence spectra and decay...... such as B2O3, Al2O3 and CaF2 on the luminescent properties of the above-mentioned glasses. We explore the role of Eu3+ ions as a structural probe of the glasses by determining the asymmetry factor, i.e., the ratio of the emission intensity of the 5D0→7F2 transition to that of the 5D0 →7F1 transition....... The results show that the asymmetry factor and luminescence lifetimes of as-prepared materials are dependent on composition. White fluorescence is achieved in Eu/Tb co-doped glasses, which can be attributed to the simultaneous generation of red, green and blue wavelengths from Eu3+ and Tb3+ ions...

  4. Optical properties of Yb{sup 3+}-doped phosphate laser glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Venkatramu, V. [Department of Physics, Yogi Vemana University, Kadapa 516 003 (India); Vijaya, R. [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517 502, Andhra Pradesh (India); Leon-Luis, S.F. [MALTA Consolider Team, Departamento de Fisica Fundamental y Experimental, Electronica y Sistemas, Universidad de La Laguna, E-38200 San Cristobal de La Laguna, Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Spain); Babu, P. [Department of Physics, Govt. Degree and P.G. College, Wanaparthy 509 103 (India); Jayasankar, C.K., E-mail: ckjaya@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517 502, Andhra Pradesh (India); Lavin, V. [MALTA Consolider Team, Departamento de Fisica Fundamental y Experimental, Electronica y Sistemas, Universidad de La Laguna, E-38200 San Cristobal de La Laguna, Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Spain); Instituto Universitario de Estudios Avanzados en Atomica, Molecular y Fotonica (IUdEA), Universidad de La Laguna, E-38200 San Cristobal de La Laguna, Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Spain); Dhareshwar, L.J. [Laser and Neutron Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085 (India)

    2011-04-21

    Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Research highlights: > The optical properties of Yb{sup 3+}-doped phosphate glasses exhibit better laser performance parameters. > The OH{sup -} concentration in glasses increases with increase of Yb{sub 2}O{sub 3} concentration. > The quenching of lifetime is purely diffusion limited at lower Yb{sub 2}O{sub 3} concentration. > The lifetime of {sup 2}F{sub 5/2} is proportional to inter-ionic distance between Yb{sup 3+} ions. - Abstract: Ytterbium-doped phosphate glasses have been prepared and studied their spectroscopic properties through absorption, emission and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectral studies and time-resolved luminescence decay curves. The absorption cross-section has been found to vary with the variation of Yb{sub 2}O{sub 3} concentration. The results of the FTIR spectra show that the OH{sup -} content is increasing with increase of the Yb{sub 2}O{sub 3} concentration in these glasses. The decay curves of the {sup 2}F{sub 5/2} level of Yb{sup 3+} ions exhibit a single exponential nature for all the concentrations. The lifetimes of the {sup 2}F{sub 5/2} level of Yb{sup 3+} ions decreases from 1.04 to 0.27 ms when the Yb{sub 2}O{sub 3} concentration is increased from 0.1 to 6.0 mol%. The quenching of lifetimes has been found to vary directly with the inter-ionic distance between the Yb{sup 3+} ions. The concentration quenching of the lifetime has been analyzed using different energy transfer processes and no evidence of cooperative luminescence of Yb{sup 3+} ions has been found in these glasses, which reveals that the present glasses are useful for photonic device applications. The laser performance properties have also been evaluated for these glasses and compared with those of other reported Yb{sup 3+}-doped glass systems.

  5. Spectroscopic and luminescence characteristics of erbium doped TNZL glass for lasing materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Assadi, A.A. [Laboratoire Géoressources, Matériaux, Environnement et Changements Globaux, Faculty of Sciences of Sfax, Sfax University, 3018 Sfax (Tunisia); Otto-Schott-Institut, Jena University, Fraunhoferstrasse 6, 07743 Jena (Germany); Damak, K., E-mail: Kamel.Damak@fss.rnu.tn [Laboratory of Radio Analysis and Environment, Sfax University, ENIS 3038 Sfax (Tunisia); Lachheb, R. [Laboratoire Géoressources, Matériaux, Environnement et Changements Globaux, Faculty of Sciences of Sfax, Sfax University, 3018 Sfax (Tunisia); Otto-Schott-Institut, Jena University, Fraunhoferstrasse 6, 07743 Jena (Germany); Herrmann, A. [Otto-Schott-Institut, Jena University, Fraunhoferstrasse 6, 07743 Jena (Germany); Yousef, E. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Al Azhar University, Assuit Branch, Assuit (Egypt); Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, King Khalid University, P.O. Box 9004, Abha (Saudi Arabia); Rüssel, C. [Otto-Schott-Institut, Jena University, Fraunhoferstrasse 6, 07743 Jena (Germany); Maâlej, R. [Laboratoire Géoressources, Matériaux, Environnement et Changements Globaux, Faculty of Sciences of Sfax, Sfax University, 3018 Sfax (Tunisia)

    2015-01-25

    Highlights: • A new thermally stable tellurite glass (TNZL:Er) was synthesized by melt-quenching method. • A complete Judd–Ofelt spectroscopic evaluation of the TNZL:Er glass is presented. • A high gain coefficient and emission cross section are obtained in the 1.53 μm region. • The TNZL:Er glass would be a potential laser operation around 1.53 μm emission as well as to generate green light in color display devices. - Abstract: Rare earth-doped tellurite glasses are very attractive materials for laser and photonic applications, such as optical amplifiers. They have a good glass stability which leads to an enhancement of the radiative transition. In the present study, a new transparent bulk glass with the composition 85TeO{sub 2}–5Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}–5ZnO–5LiF doped with 1% Er{sub 2}O{sub 3} (TNZL doped with Er{sup 3+}) was prepared by using the conventional melt-quenching method. The thermal stability and the crystallization behavior of the glass were investigated using Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. Furthermore, UV–vis–NIR spectra were determined. From these Judd–Ofelt parameters, Ω{sub k} (k = 2, 4, 6) of Er{sup 3+} were evaluated. The oscillator strength type transition probabilities, spectroscopic quality factors, branching ratio and radiative lifetimes of several excited states of Er{sup 3+} were predicted using intensity Judd–Ofelt parameters. The down conversion, up conversion and near infrared luminescence of the Er{sup 3+} ions in TNZL glass were investigated. Green and red emissions corresponding to ({sup 2}H{sub 11/2}, {sup 4}S{sub 3/2}) → {sup 4}I{sub 15/2} and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} → {sup 4}I{sub 15/2} transitions were observed.

  6. Optical properties of zinc–vanadium glasses doped with samarium trioxide

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    B Eraiah

    2014-04-01

    Zinc–vanadium glasses doped with samarium oxide having the chemical composition Sm2O3() ZnO(40-)V2O5(60) (where = 0.1–0.5 mol%) were prepared by melt quenching method. The density of these glasses was measured by Archimedes method; the corresponding molar volumes have also been calculated. The values of density range from 3.7512 to 5.0535 gm/cm3 and those of molar volume range from 28.3004 to 37.6415 cm-3. The optical absorbance studies were carried out on these glasses to measure their energy bandgaps. The absorption spectra of these glasses were recorded in UV–Visible region. No sharp edges were found in the optical spectra, which verify the amorphous nature of these glasses. The calculated optical bandgap energies of these glasses were found to be in the range of 0.3173–0.6640 eV. The refractive index and polarizability of oxide ion have been calculated by using Lorentz–Lorentz relations. The values of refractive index range from 1.1762 to 1.2901 and those of polarizability of oxide ion range from 1.6906 × 10-24 to 2.2379 × 10-24 cm3.

  7. Nanocrystal formation using laser irradiation on Nd3+ doped barium titanium silicate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► We compare two methods to produce glass–ceramic, furnace and laser irradiation. ► We study the spectroscopic properties of the glass ceramic created by both methods. ► A spectral mapping shows the area converted from glass to glass–ceramic by the laser. ► XRD, electronic microscopy and AFM confirm the spectral mapping conclusions. -- Abstract: Two different thermal treatments were used to create nanocrystals from a precursor glass. The glass whose composition is Ba2TiSi2O8 and doped with 3% of Nd3+ was prepared using the melt quenching method. A conventional thermal treatment in an electrical furnace was used to obtain transparent glass ceramic samples, which contain Fresnoite nanocrystals with an average size of 35 nm. Moreover, these nanocrystals were obtained in a localized area of the precursor glass by irradiating with a continuous Ar+ laser. Evidence of the changes induced by laser irradiation was confirmed by optical spectroscopic, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron and atomic force microscopy

  8. NIR emission studies and dielectric properties of Er(3+)-doped multicomponent tellurite glasses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sajna, M S; Thomas, Sunil; Jayakrishnan, C; Joseph, Cyriac; Biju, P R; Unnikrishnan, N V

    2016-05-15

    Multicomponent tellurite glasses containing altered concentrations of Er2O3 (ranging from 0 to 1 mol%) were prepared by the standard melt quenching technique. Investigations through energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), Raman scattering spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, near-infrared (NIR) emission studies and dielectric measurement techniques were done to probe their compositional, structural, spectroscopic and dielectric characteristics. The broad emission together with the high values of the effective linewidth (~63 nm), stimulated emission cross-section (9.67 × 10(-21) cm(2)) and lifetime (2.56 ms) of (4)I13/2 level for 0.5 mol% of Er(3+) makes these glasses attractive for broadband amplifiers. From the measured capacitance and dissipation factor, the relative permittivity, dielectric loss and the conductivity were computed; which furnish the dielectric nature of the multicomponent tellurite glasses that depend on the applied frequency. Assuming the ideal Debye behavior as substantiated by Cole-Cole plot, an examination of the real and imaginary parts of impedance was performed. The power-law and Cole-Cole parameters were resolved for all the glass samples. From the assessment of the emission analysis and dielectric properties of the glass samples, it was obvious that the Er(3+) ion concentration had played a vital role in tuning the optical and dielectric properties and the 0.5 mol% of Er(3+) -doped glass was confirmed as the optimum composition. PMID:26967514

  9. NIR emission studies and dielectric properties of Er(3+)-doped multicomponent tellurite glasses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sajna, M S; Thomas, Sunil; Jayakrishnan, C; Joseph, Cyriac; Biju, P R; Unnikrishnan, N V

    2016-05-15

    Multicomponent tellurite glasses containing altered concentrations of Er2O3 (ranging from 0 to 1 mol%) were prepared by the standard melt quenching technique. Investigations through energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), Raman scattering spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, near-infrared (NIR) emission studies and dielectric measurement techniques were done to probe their compositional, structural, spectroscopic and dielectric characteristics. The broad emission together with the high values of the effective linewidth (~63 nm), stimulated emission cross-section (9.67 × 10(-21) cm(2)) and lifetime (2.56 ms) of (4)I13/2 level for 0.5 mol% of Er(3+) makes these glasses attractive for broadband amplifiers. From the measured capacitance and dissipation factor, the relative permittivity, dielectric loss and the conductivity were computed; which furnish the dielectric nature of the multicomponent tellurite glasses that depend on the applied frequency. Assuming the ideal Debye behavior as substantiated by Cole-Cole plot, an examination of the real and imaginary parts of impedance was performed. The power-law and Cole-Cole parameters were resolved for all the glass samples. From the assessment of the emission analysis and dielectric properties of the glass samples, it was obvious that the Er(3+) ion concentration had played a vital role in tuning the optical and dielectric properties and the 0.5 mol% of Er(3+) -doped glass was confirmed as the optimum composition.

  10. NIR emission studies and dielectric properties of Er3+-doped multicomponent tellurite glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sajna, M. S.; Thomas, Sunil; Jayakrishnan, C.; Joseph, Cyriac; Biju, P. R.; Unnikrishnan, N. V.

    2016-05-01

    Multicomponent tellurite glasses containing altered concentrations of Er2O3 (ranging from 0 to 1 mol%) were prepared by the standard melt quenching technique. Investigations through energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), Raman scattering spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, near-infrared (NIR) emission studies and dielectric measurement techniques were done to probe their compositional, structural, spectroscopic and dielectric characteristics. The broad emission together with the high values of the effective linewidth (~ 63 nm), stimulated emission cross-section (9.67 × 10- 21 cm2) and lifetime (2.56 ms) of 4I13/2 level for 0.5 mol% of Er3+ makes these glasses attractive for broadband amplifiers. From the measured capacitance and dissipation factor, the relative permittivity, dielectric loss and the conductivity were computed; which furnish the dielectric nature of the multicomponent tellurite glasses that depend on the applied frequency. Assuming the ideal Debye behavior as substantiated by Cole-Cole plot, an examination of the real and imaginary parts of impedance was performed. The power-law and Cole-Cole parameters were resolved for all the glass samples. From the assessment of the emission analysis and dielectric properties of the glass samples, it was obvious that the Er3+ ion concentration had played a vital role in tuning the optical and dielectric properties and the 0.5 mol% of Er3+ -doped glass was confirmed as the optimum composition.

  11. Spectral properties of erbium-doped heavy metal oxyfluoride silicate glasses for broadband amplification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐时清; 杨中民; 戴世勋; 杨建虎; 戴能利; 林傲翔; 胡丽丽; 姜中宏

    2003-01-01

    Erbium-doped glasses showing a wide 1.55?m emission band are reported ina novel heavy metal oxyfluoride glass system SiO2-PbO-PbF2 and their optical properties such as emission spectra,fluorescence lifetime and the refractive index have been investigated.The broad and flat 4I13/2 →4I15/2 emission of Er3+ ions around 1.55μm can be used as host materials for potential optical amplifiers in wavelength-division-multiplexing network system.We find that with increasing PbF2 content in the glass composition,the fluorescence full width at half maximum and fluorescence lifetime of the 4I13/2 level of Er3+ increase,while refractive index and density decrease.

  12. Thermoluminescence dosimetry in the μGy range of neodymium-doped tellurite-phosphate glass

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The thermoluminescence (TL) of tellurite-phosphate glass of the composition of (TeO20.81-P2O50.19) doped with different concentrations of Nd2O3 was investigated. The optimum concentration of Nd2O3 was experimentally determined as 10-3wt% Nd2O3 in this glass. The TL showed a single, isolated glow curve which peaked at approximately 498-513 K (depending on the Nd concentration). This peak is very suitable for radiation dosimetry, and obeys second-order kinetics. The TL response against the irradiation dose was found to be linear in the low-dose region (11.2-224.2 μGy), indicating the high sensitivity of our glass samples to low-dose γ rays. Finally, the trap depth was also calculated, using methods involving the second-order kinetics. (author)

  13. Investigation of spectroscopy and the dual energy transfer mechanisms of Sm3+-doped telluroborate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Do, Phan; Tuyen, Vu Phi; Quang, Vu Xuan; Hung, Le Xuan; Thanh, Luong Duy; Ngoc, Tran; Van Tam, Ngo; Huy, Bui The

    2016-05-01

    The absorption, luminescence, Raman spectra and lifetimes of Sm-doped alkali telluroborate glasses (TB glasses) TB:Sm3+ have been investigated. The dual energy transfers including energy transfer between Sm3+ - Sm3+ pairs and Sm3+ - non-bridging oxygen (NBO) intrinsic defects were investigated. The concentration quenching of luminescence intensity was explained by the non-radiative energy transfer between the Sm3+ ions through the cross-relaxation mechanism. The decay curves are single exponentials with low concentrations (lower 0.10 mol%) and become non-exponentials at higher concentrations. The non-exponential decay curves are fitted to the Inokuti and Hirayama model to give the energy transfer parameters between Sm3+ ions. The dominant interaction mechanism for energy transfer process is dipole-dipole interaction. The energy transfer induced Sm3+ photoluminescence enhancement in tellurite glass was experimentally studied and confirmed.

  14. Characterization of Tm{sup 3+} doped TNZL glass laser material

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lachheb, R. [Laboratoire Géoressources, Matériaux, Environnement et Changements Globaux, Faculty of Sciences of Sfax, Sfax University, 3018 Sfax (Tunisia); Otto-Schott-Institut, Jena University, Fraunhoferstrasse 6, 07743 Jena (Germany); Damak, K., E-mail: Kamel.Damak@fss.rnu.tn [Laboratory of Radio Analysis and Environment, Sfax University, ENIS, 3038 Sfax (Tunisia); Assadi, A.A. [Laboratoire Géoressources, Matériaux, Environnement et Changements Globaux, Faculty of Sciences of Sfax, Sfax University, 3018 Sfax (Tunisia); Otto-Schott-Institut, Jena University, Fraunhoferstrasse 6, 07743 Jena (Germany); Herrmann, A. [Otto-Schott-Institut, Jena University, Fraunhoferstrasse 6, 07743 Jena (Germany); Yousef, E. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Al Azhar University, Assuit branch, Assuit (Egypt); Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, King Khalid University, P. O. Box 9004, Abha (Saudi Arabia); Rüssel, C. [Otto-Schott-Institut, Jena University, Fraunhoferstrasse 6, 07743 Jena (Germany); Maâlej, R. [Laboratoire Géoressources, Matériaux, Environnement et Changements Globaux, Faculty of Sciences of Sfax, Sfax University, 3018 Sfax (Tunisia)

    2015-05-15

    In this paper, a new tellurite glass (85TeO{sub 2}·5.0Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}·5.0ZnO·5.0LiF) doped with 1 mol% Tm{sub 2}O{sub 3} was prepared by melt-quenching technique. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements indicate a good thermal stability, X-ray diffraction patterns show no sign of crystallization. Precise refractive index measurements were performed on five different wavelengths by a prism spectrometer. The optical energy gap, the Sellmeier energy gap and the dispersion energy were estimated. Judd–Ofelt intensity parameters were evaluated in order to obtain electric and magnetic-dipole transition probabilities, branching ratios and radiative lifetimes of several excited states of Tm{sup 3+}. The classical McCumber theory was used to evaluate the emission cross-sections for the {sup 3}F{sub 4}→{sup 3}H{sub 6} transition at a wavelength of around 1.8 µm. The characteristics of down-conversion luminescence in the visible range were studied by exciting Tm{sup 3+} ions into the {sup 1}G{sub 4} level. Furthermore the structure of this glass was analyzed by Raman spectroscopy. - Highlights: • A new thermally stable tellurite glass (TNZL doped 1 mol% Tm{sup 3+}) was synthesized by a melt-quenching method. • A complete Judd–Ofelt spectroscopic evaluation of the TNZL:Tm glass is presented. • A high gain coefficient and emission cross section are obtained for Tm{sup 3+} in TNZL glass in the 1.8 μm region. • The TNZL:Tm glass would be a potential laser operation around 1.8 μm emission. • TNZL:Tm is a good candidate for generate a blue light for color display devices and light emitting diodes.

  15. White light simulation and luminescence studies on Dy{sup 3+} doped Zinc borophosphate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vijayakumar, R. [Department of Physics, Gandhigram Rural University, Gandhigram 624302 (India); Venkataiah, G. [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517502 (India); Marimuthu, K., E-mail: mari_ram2000@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, Gandhigram Rural University, Gandhigram 624302 (India)

    2015-01-15

    The Dy{sup 3+} doped Zinc borophosphate glasses with the chemical composition (79-x)B{sub 2}O{sub 3}+xP{sub 2}O{sub 5}+10Li{sub 2}O+10ZnO+1Dy{sub 2}O{sub 3} (where x=0, 10, 20, 30 and 50 in wt%) have been prepared by melt quenching technique. The prepared glass samples were characterized through optical absorption, emission and decay measurements. The bonding parameters, optical band gap and Urbach's energy values were calculated from the optical absorption spectra to explore the bonding nature of the Dy–O metal ligand and electronic band structure of the studied glasses. Judd–Ofelt (JO) intensity parameters were calculated from the absorption spectra by using the JO theory and it gives information about symmetry of the ligand environment around the Dy{sup 3+} ion site. The Y/B intensity ratio and radiative properties were obtained from the emission spectra and the results were compared with the reported literature. The x, y chromaticity color coordinates of the studied glasses were analyzed using a CIE 1931 color chromaticity diagram and found that the x, y coordinates lie in the white light region. The decay curve measurements of the prepared glasses exhibit non-exponential behavior and are well fitted to Inokuti–Hirayama (IH) model to understand the energy transfer mechanism between Dy{sup 3+} ions. The Q, R{sub 0} and C{sub DA} values of the prepared Dy{sup 3+} doped glasses were obtained from the IH model and the results were discussed and compared with the reported literature.

  16. New Er{sup 3+} doped antimony oxide based glasses: Thermal analysis, structural and spectral properties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ouannes, K. [Faculté des Sciences et de la Technologie, Université de Biskra, BP 145 RP, 07000, Biskra (Algeria); Lebbou, K., E-mail: kheirreddine.lebbou@univ-lyon1.fr [Institut Lumière Matière, UMR5306 Université Lyon 1-CNRS, Université de Lyon, 69622, Villeurbanne (France); Walsh, Brian-M. [NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, 23681 (United States); Poulain, M. [UMR 6226- Verres et Céramiques – Campus de Beaulieu, Université de Rennes1, 35042, Rennes (France); Alombert-Goget, G.; Guyot, Y. [Institut Lumière Matière, UMR5306 Université Lyon 1-CNRS, Université de Lyon, 69622, Villeurbanne (France)

    2015-11-15

    The novel oxide glass compositions based on Sb{sub 2}O{sub 3} are elaborated and characterized, in the system (90-X)Sb{sub 2}O{sub 3}–10Na{sub 2}O–XBi{sub 2}O{sub 3} (SNB). We are interested in bismuth rates incorporated into the glass, its effect on the different physical properties that have been measured, and especially, in radiative and spectroscopic properties of erbium doped SNB glasses. Differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) measurements show an improvement of the stability factor,ΔT, of the glasses, which can indicate a reinforcement of the network. Both FTIR and Raman spectra have also been considered in terms of bismuth influence. As a function of composition, we have principally measured optical absorption, visible and infrared emission, and lifetime. The Judd–Ofelt parameters measured from the absorption spectra have been used to calculate the radiative lifetime (τ{sub r}) and the stimulated emission cross section. The spectroscopic quality factor χ = Ω{sub 4}/Ω{sub 6} = 0.73, low phonon energy of ∼600–700 cm{sup −1}, a reduced quenching effect, and a high quantum efficiency of 90% for the 1.53 μm measured emission, by pumping at 980 nm, are in favor of promising laser applications. - Highlights: • Glass belonging to Er-doped Sb{sub 2}O{sub 3}–Na{sub 2}O–Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3} (SNB) system are elaborated and characterized. • The intensity parameters Ωt were obtained via the Judd–Ofelt theory. • The optical properties were studied as a function of glass composition.

  17. Analysis of structure origin and luminescence properties of Yb(3+)-Er(3+) co-doped fluorophosphate glass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Fangze; Jing, Xufeng; Wei, Tao; Wang, Fengchao; Tian, Ying; Xu, Shiqing

    2014-08-14

    The near infrared luminescence properties of Yb(3+)-Er(3+) co-doped fluorophosphate glasses have been investigated. The various effects on structure and 1.53 μm emission were analyzed as a function of Yb(3+) concentration. The energy transfer mechanism was proposed. High measured lifetime (10.75 ms), large effective full widths at half maximum (73.71 nm) and large gain per unit length (62.8 × 10(-)(24)cm(2)s) have been achieved in prepared glass. The present glass co-doped with 6mol% YbF3 and 2 mol% ErF3 showed magnificent luminescence properties for telecommunication application.

  18. Efficient and long-lived Zeeman-sublevel atomic population storage in an erbium-doped glass fiber

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saglamyurek, Erhan; Lutz, Thomas; Veissier, Lucile; Hedges, Morgan P.; Thiel, Charles W.; Cone, Rufus L.; Tittel, Wolfgang

    2015-12-01

    Long-lived population storage in optically pumped levels of rare-earth ions doped into solids, referred to as persistent spectral hole burning, is of significant fundamental and technological interest. However, the demonstration of deep and persistent holes in rare-earth ion doped amorphous hosts, e.g., glasses, has remained an open challenge for many decades—a fact that motivates our work towards a better understanding of the interaction between impurities and vibrational modes in glasses. Here we report the observation and detailed characterization of such holes in an erbium-doped silica glass fiber cooled to below 1 K. We demonstrate population storage in electronic Zeeman sublevels of the erbium ground state with lifetimes up to 30 seconds and 80% spin polarization. In addition to its fundamental aspect, our investigation reveals a potential technological application of rare-earth ion doped amorphous materials, including at telecommunication wavelength.

  19. Dielectric properties of NaF–B2O3 glasses doped with certain transition metal ions

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    M Krishna Murthy; K S N Murthy; N Veeraiah

    2000-08-01

    Dielectric constant , loss tan , a.c. conductivity and dielectric breakdown strength of NaF–B2O3 glasses doped with certain transition metal ions (viz. Cu2+, VO2+, Ti4+ and Mn4+) are studied in the frequency range 102–107 Hz and in the temperature range 30–250°C. The values of , tan , a.c. are found to be the highest for Cu2+ doped glasses and the lowest for Mn4+ doped glasses. Activation energy for a.c. conduction and the value of dielectric breakdown strength are found to be the lowest for Cu2+ doped glasses and the highest for Mn4+ doped glasses. With the help of infrared spectra, increase in the values of and tan of these glasses with frequency and temperature are identified with space charge polarization. An attempt has been made to explain a.c. conduction phenomenon on the basis of quantum mechanical tunneling model (QMT)/carrier barrier hopping model.

  20. Excitation wavelength-sensitive multi-colour fluorescence in Eu/Tb ions doped yttrium aluminium garnet glass ceramics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Jie [School of Textile and Material Engineering, Dalian Polytechnic University, Dalian 116034 (China); Chen, Baojie; Bun Pun, Edwin Yue [Department of Electronic Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong Kong (China); Zhai, Bin [School of Textile and Material Engineering, Dalian Polytechnic University, Dalian 116034 (China); Lin, Hai, E-mail: lhai8686@yahoo.com [School of Textile and Material Engineering, Dalian Polytechnic University, Dalian 116034 (China); Department of Electronic Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong Kong (China)

    2013-02-15

    Eu/Tb doped yttrium aluminium garnet (YAG) glass ceramics, containing single phase of YAG micro-crystals with an excellent orientation (1 1 1) in the matrix, have been prepared by heat-treating lithium-yttrium-aluminium-silicate (LYAS) precursor glasses. A group of dynamic-colour white fluorescences with different colour temperatures are achieved in Eu/Tb codoped YAG glass ceramics, attributing to the simultaneous generation of three primary colour (RGB) emissions from Eu{sup 3+} (red), Eu{sup 2+} (blue), and Tb{sup 3+} (green) by varying the UV radiation wavelength. The favourable bright white light with the colour coordinate (0.360, 0.308) close to the equal energy point is obtained under 365 nm excitation. These admirable results indicate that the Eu/Tb codoped YAG glass ceramics are a promising candidate to develop white light sources under the excitation of commercial UV-LEDs. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer RE doped glass ceramics (GC) have been derived by heat-treating LYAS mother glasses. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Single phase of YAG crystals has determined in RE doped GC. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer YAG micro-crystals grow with an excellent orientation (1 1 1) in RE doped GC. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Two distinct luminescence centres of Eu in YAG GC have been identified. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Excitation wavelength-sensitive white light has been achieved in Eu/Tb doped YAG GC.

  1. Excitation wavelength-sensitive multi-colour fluorescence in Eu/Tb ions doped yttrium aluminium garnet glass ceramics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eu/Tb doped yttrium aluminium garnet (YAG) glass ceramics, containing single phase of YAG micro-crystals with an excellent orientation (1 1 1) in the matrix, have been prepared by heat-treating lithium–yttrium–aluminium–silicate (LYAS) precursor glasses. A group of dynamic-colour white fluorescences with different colour temperatures are achieved in Eu/Tb codoped YAG glass ceramics, attributing to the simultaneous generation of three primary colour (RGB) emissions from Eu3+ (red), Eu2+ (blue), and Tb3+ (green) by varying the UV radiation wavelength. The favourable bright white light with the colour coordinate (0.360, 0.308) close to the equal energy point is obtained under 365 nm excitation. These admirable results indicate that the Eu/Tb codoped YAG glass ceramics are a promising candidate to develop white light sources under the excitation of commercial UV-LEDs. - Highlights: ► RE doped glass ceramics (GC) have been derived by heat-treating LYAS mother glasses. ► Single phase of YAG crystals has determined in RE doped GC. ► YAG micro-crystals grow with an excellent orientation (1 1 1) in RE doped GC. ► Two distinct luminescence centres of Eu in YAG GC have been identified. ► Excitation wavelength-sensitive white light has been achieved in Eu/Tb doped YAG GC.

  2. Structural features of silver-doped phosphate glasses in zone of femtosecond laser-induced modification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Femtosecond (fs) laser writing of two-dimensional microstructures (waveguides) is demonstrated in bulk phosphate glasses doped with silver ions. Silver-content phosphate and silver-content niobium–phosphate glasses with high concentration of silver oxide 55 mol% were used as samples for fs laser writing. The chemical network structure of the synthesized samples is analyzed through Raman spectroscopy and was found to be strongly sensitive to Nb incorporation. It was found that the direct laser writing process enables not only reorganization of glass network, but also formation of color centers and silver nanoparticles that are revealed in appearance of luminescence signal and plasmon absorption. The process of NPs' formation is more efficient for Nb-phosphate glass, while color centers are preferably formed in phosphate glass. - Graphical abstract: Formation of silver NPs on the surface of 0.5Ag2O–0.4P2O5–0,1Nb2O5 glass induced by CW laser irradiation. - Highlights: • The structure of 0.5Ag2O–0.1Nb2O5–0.4P2O5 and 0.55Ag2O–0.45P2O5 glasses was investigated by Raman spectroscopy. • Fs laser writing induces formation of silver NPs in investigated glasses. • Surface plasmon resonance in the absorption spectra confirms the formation of NP. • The possibility of CW laser induced formation of silver NPs on the surface of sample with niobium is shown

  3. Structural features of silver-doped phosphate glasses in zone of femtosecond laser-induced modification

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vasileva, A.A., E-mail: anvsilv@gmail.com [Saint-Petersburg State University, Institute of Chemistry, Saint-Petersburg (Russian Federation); Nazarov, I.A. [Saint-Petersburg State University, Department of Physics, Saint-Petersburg (Russian Federation); Olshin, P.K.; Povolotskiy, A.V. [Saint-Petersburg State University, Institute of Chemistry, Saint-Petersburg (Russian Federation); Sokolov, I.A. [St.Petersburg State Polytechnical University, St.Petersburg (Russian Federation); LTD “AtomTjazhMash”, St.Petersburg (Russian Federation); Manshina, A.A. [Saint-Petersburg State University, Institute of Chemistry, Saint-Petersburg (Russian Federation)

    2015-10-15

    Femtosecond (fs) laser writing of two-dimensional microstructures (waveguides) is demonstrated in bulk phosphate glasses doped with silver ions. Silver-content phosphate and silver-content niobium–phosphate glasses with high concentration of silver oxide 55 mol% were used as samples for fs laser writing. The chemical network structure of the synthesized samples is analyzed through Raman spectroscopy and was found to be strongly sensitive to Nb incorporation. It was found that the direct laser writing process enables not only reorganization of glass network, but also formation of color centers and silver nanoparticles that are revealed in appearance of luminescence signal and plasmon absorption. The process of NPs' formation is more efficient for Nb-phosphate glass, while color centers are preferably formed in phosphate glass. - Graphical abstract: Formation of silver NPs on the surface of 0.5Ag{sub 2}O–0.4P{sub 2}O{sub 5}–0,1Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} glass induced by CW laser irradiation. - Highlights: • The structure of 0.5Ag{sub 2}O–0.1Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}–0.4P{sub 2}O{sub 5} and 0.55Ag{sub 2}O–0.45P{sub 2}O{sub 5} glasses was investigated by Raman spectroscopy. • Fs laser writing induces formation of silver NPs in investigated glasses. • Surface plasmon resonance in the absorption spectra confirms the formation of NP. • The possibility of CW laser induced formation of silver NPs on the surface of sample with niobium is shown.

  4. Spectroscopy and optical characterization of thulium doped TZN glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gebavi, H; Milanese, D; Ferraris, M [Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali ed Ingegneria Chimica, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino (Italy); Balda, R; Fernandez, J [Departamento de Fisica Aplicada I, Escuela Superior de Ingenieros, Alda. Urquijo s/n 48013 Bilbao, Spain and Center of Materials Physics CSIC-UPV/EHU and Donostia International Physics Center, Apartado 1072, 20080 San Sebastian (Spain); Chaussedent, S [Laboratoire POMA-FRE CNRS 2988, Universite d' Angers, 2 bd Lavoisier, 49045 Angers (France); Ferrari, M, E-mail: gebavi@yahoo.co [CNR-IFN, CSMFO Lab., via alla Cascata 56/C, 38050 Povo-Trento (Italy)

    2010-04-07

    This paper reports on the spectroscopic properties of the {sup 3}H{sub 4} and {sup 3}F{sub 4} Tm{sup 3+} levels in a TZN glass host with a concentration range from 0.82 to 22 x 10{sup 20} cm{sup -3}. Precise refractive index measurements are performed on five different wavelengths by the prism coupling method. Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters have been determined in order to obtain transition rate, branching ratio and radiative lifetime. Spectroscopic measurements show the most promising concentration for the1.8 {mu}m short cavity laser emission at 6.84 x 10{sup 20} cm{sup -3} Tm{sup 3+} with a 24% quantum efficiency and upper limit concentration of 11 x 10{sup 20} cm{sup -3} Tm{sup 3+}. Energy transfer microparameters and critical ion distance are determined for both emission levels within the framework of diffusion-limited regime and dipole-dipole interaction.

  5. Efficient and long-lived Zeeman-sublevel atomic population storage in an erbium-doped glass fiber

    CERN Document Server

    Saglamyurek, Erhan; Veissier, Lucile; Hedges, Morgan P; Thiel, Charles W; Cone, Rufus L; Tittel, Wolfgang

    2015-01-01

    Long-lived population storage in optically pumped levels of rare-earth ions doped into solids, referred to as persistent spectral hole burning, is of significant fundamental and technological interest. Despite numerous observations of deep and persistent holes in various cryogenically cooled rare-earth ion doped crystals, the demonstration of their existence in rare-earth ion doped amorphous hosts, e.g. glasses, has remained an open challenge since many decades. Here we report the first observation and detailed characterization of such holes in an erbium-doped silica glass fiber cooled to below 1 K. We demonstrate population storage in electronic Zeeman-sublevels of the erbium ground state with lifetimes up to 30 seconds and 80\\% spin polarization. Our investigation improves the understanding of the fundamental interaction between impurities and vibrational modes in glassy hosts, and reveals a potential technological application of rare-earth ion doped amorphous materials, including at telecommunication wavel...

  6. Transmission Properties of a New Glass Ceramic and Doped with Co2+ as Saturable Absorber for 1.54 μm Er Glass Short Pulse Laser

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Chunlei; CHEN Li; FENG Suya; HE Dongbing; WANG Meng; HU Lili

    2012-01-01

    The preparation and characteristics of a new transparent glass ceramic were described.Crystal phase particles with nanometer size were successfully precipitated in glass matrix,which was confirmed to be one of indium aluminum zinc oxide compounds (InxAlyZnzO).The presence of aluminum (Al) and indium (In) impurities in the zinc oxides (ZnO) crystal lattice leads to some changes of the carrier concentration in the material and then promote the sharply changes of transmission spectra in IR range wavelength.And subsequently,the IR cut-off edge blue shifted from 5.5 μm in base glass to 3 μm in transparent glass ceramic sample.Furthermore,passive Q switched 1.54 μm Er glass laser pulses with pulse energy of 10 mJ and pulse width of 800 ns were successfully obtained by using the cobalt doped transparent glass ceramic as a saturable absorber.

  7. Photon-Induced Borate Groups Transformation by Femtosecond Laser

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晓燕; 余昺鲲; 姜雄伟; 曾慧丹

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, we put emphasis on the analysis the mechanism of the photon-induced frequency conversion β-BaB2O4 crystal inside a borate glass using femtosecond laser. Because of the nature of femtosecond laser's ultra-short pulse duration and high-energy density, in essence the laser-glass interaction mechanism is changed. Based on multiphoton ionization, collisional ionization and the network depolymerization in the borate glass, production of the plasma drives the microstructure rearrangement near the laser beam focusing area. From the structure of glass and crystal analysis, we conclude that the complicated borate groups containing BO3 and BO4 units inside the glass are converted into(B3O6)-3 anion rings.

  8. Process for the storage of borate containing radioactive wastes by vitrification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For storage of radioactive waste by vitrification the radioactive waste concentrates from borate-containing liquids are mixed with glass-forming aggregates. The borates make up a major part of the glass product. A glass product with good chemical and physical properties for storage is produced by heating to produce a glass-forming melt. Lead oxides and silicates in particular are considered suitable aggregate materials. (orig.)

  9. Luminescence properties of Gd{sup 3+}-doped borosilicate scintillating glass

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tang, Chunmei [Key Laboratory of Materials for High Power Laser, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China); Patent Examination Cooperation HuBei Center of The Patent Office, SIPO, Wuhan, HuBei 430070 (China); Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China); Liu, Shuang [Key Laboratory of Materials for High Power Laser, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China); Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China); Liu, Liwan [Shanghai University, Shanghai 201800 (China); Chen, Dan Ping, E-mail: dpchen2008@aliyun.com [Key Laboratory of Materials for High Power Laser, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China)

    2015-04-15

    Gd{sup 3+}-doped borosilicate glasses are prepared in different melting atmosphere. Absorption spectra, decay time, luminescence spectra under UV and X-ray excitation are investigated. With melting atmosphere changing from air to CO, the luminescence intensities of Gd{sup 3+} at 313 nm under the excitation of UV and X-ray are both enhanced. This mainly results from the reduction of Gd{sup 3+}, which is validated by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). The optimal Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} content for the glasses prepared under CO atmosphere is 7.5 mol%, whose integral scintillation efficiency is 20% compared with Bi{sub 4}Ge{sub 3}O{sub 12}. - Highlights: • Glasses with various Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} contents are prepared in the air or CO atmosphere. • The glasses show stronger photoluminescence and radioluminescence intensity. • High integral scintillation efficiency obtained for the prepared glass is 20% of BGO.

  10. Intense 1.6 μm fluorescence of Nd3+ doped cadmium bismuth silicate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work, Judd-Ofelt analysis is applied to rare-earth (RE = Nd3+) doped cadmium bismuth silicate (20CdO⋅xSiO2⋅(79.5−x)Bi2O3⋅0.5Nd2O3 (CSBN)) glasses in order to evaluate their potential as well as both glass laser systems and optical materials. The phenomenological Judd-Ofelt parameters (Ω2, Ω4, Ω6) are determined for RE ions with their quality factors and compared with the equivalent parameters for several other hosts. The calculated value of stimulated emission cross-section for 4F3/2→4I11/2 has high and varies 14.72×10−20 to 9.66×10−20 cm2 with Bi2O3 content in the host glass. The results point out that the glass system is good candidate for the development of photonics devices which are operating near infrared spectral range. Further, the FTIR results reveal that the glasses have BiO6, SiO4 and non-bridging oxygen as local structure

  11. NMR Study on Structural Characteristics of Rare Earth Doped Boro-Alumino-Silicate Glasses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The structural characteristics of Re2O3 doped B2O3-Al2O3-SiO2 glasses and factors such as the component and heat-treating conditions affecting the glass structure were investigated by magic angle spin nuclear magnetic resonance(MAS NMR) spectroscopy and differential thermal analysis (DTA). It is found that, in B2O3-Al2O3-SiO2 glass, the boron coordination sites are mainly of trigonal (B(3)) and tetrahedral (B(4)), and the aluminum coordination sites are Al(4), Al(5) and partly of Al(6). With the increase of BaO content in the B2O3-Al2O3-SiO2 glass, B(3) gradually changes to B(4), and Al(5), Al(6) changes to Al(4). On the other hand, compared with Ba2+, RE3+ can accumulate the boron network because of its higher field strength, which results in a large network structure. With the increase of samarium oxide, the silicate coordination Q4 (3T) will have predominance gradually. Heat-treatment has little effect on the boron and aluminum coordination sites in the glass structure.

  12. Evidence of phase transition in Nd3+ doped phosphate glass determined by thermal lens spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrade, Acácio A; Lourenço, Sidney A; Pilla, Viviane; Silva, Anielle C Almeida; Dantas, Noelio O

    2014-01-28

    Thermal lens spectroscopy (TLS), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) techniques were applied to the thermo-optical property analysis of a new phosphate glass matrix PANK with nominal composition 40P2O5·20Al2O3·35Na2O·5K2O (mol%), doped with different Nd(3+) compositions. This glass system, synthesized by the fusion protocol, presents high transparency from UV to the near infrared, excellent thermo-optical properties at room temperature and high fluorescence quantum efficiency. Thermal lens phase shift parameters, thermal diffusivity and the DSC signal present pronounced changes at about 61 °C for the PANK glass system. This anomalous behavior was associated with a phase transition in the nanostructured glass materials. The FTIR signal confirms the presence of isolated PO4 tetrahedron groups connected to different cations in PANK glass. As a main result, our experimental data suggest that these tetrahedron groups present a structural phase transition, paraelectric-ferroelectric phase transition, similar to that in potassium dihydrogen phosphate, KH2PO4, nanocrystals and which TLS technique can be used as a sensitive method to investigate changes in the structural level of nanostructured materials. PMID:24310914

  13. Spectroscopic studies of copper doped alkaline earth lead zinc phosphate glasses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sastry, S. Sreehari, E-mail: sreeharisastry@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Nagarjunanagar 522510 (India); Rao, B. Rupa Venkateswara [Department of Physics, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Nagarjunanagar 522510 (India); Department of Physics, V.R. Siddhartha Engineering College, Vijayawada 52007 (India)

    2014-02-01

    In this paper spectroscopic investigation of Cu{sup 2+} doped alkaline earth lead zinc phosphate glasses was done through the spectroscopic techniques like X-ray diffraction, Ultra Violet (UV) absorption Spectroscopy, Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR – X band), Fourier Transform Infra Red (FTIR) and Raman Spectroscopy. Alkaline earth lead zinc phosphate glasses containing 0.1% copper oxide (CuO) were prepared by the melt quenching technique. Spectroscopic studies indicated that there is a greater possibility for the copper ions to exist in Cu{sup 2+} state in these glasses. The optical absorption spectra indicated that the absorption peak of Cu{sup 2+} is a function of composition. The maxima absorption peak was reported at 862 nm for strontium lead zinc phosphate glass. Bonding parameters were calculated for the optical and EPR data. All these spectral results indicated clearly that there are certain structural changes in the present glass system with different alkaline earth contents. The IR and Raman spectra noticed the breaking of the P–O–P bonds and creating more number of new P–O–Cu bonds.

  14. Spectroscopic studies of copper doped alkaline earth lead zinc phosphate glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sastry, S. Sreehari; Rao, B. Rupa Venkateswara

    2014-02-01

    In this paper spectroscopic investigation of Cu2+ doped alkaline earth lead zinc phosphate glasses was done through the spectroscopic techniques like X-ray diffraction, Ultra Violet (UV) absorption Spectroscopy, Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR - X band), Fourier Transform Infra Red (FTIR) and Raman Spectroscopy. Alkaline earth lead zinc phosphate glasses containing 0.1% copper oxide (CuO) were prepared by the melt quenching technique. Spectroscopic studies indicated that there is a greater possibility for the copper ions to exist in Cu2+ state in these glasses. The optical absorption spectra indicated that the absorption peak of Cu2+ is a function of composition. The maxima absorption peak was reported at 862 nm for strontium lead zinc phosphate glass. Bonding parameters were calculated for the optical and EPR data. All these spectral results indicated clearly that there are certain structural changes in the present glass system with different alkaline earth contents. The IR and Raman spectra noticed the breaking of the P-O-P bonds and creating more number of new P-O-Cu bonds.

  15. Crystallization and structural investigation of Eu-doped fluorozirconate-based glass ceramics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A series of Eu-doped fluorozirconate-based glass ceramics has been developed for medical and photovoltaic applications. In the first case, the materials can be used as X-ray scintillators or X-ray storage phosphors, in the latter case as down-converting top layers for highly efficient solar cells. The glasses are based on a modified ZBLAN composition, i.e. a mixture of Zr, Ba, La, Al, and Na fluorides. They are additionally doped with chlorine ions to initiate the growth of BaCl2 nanocrystals upon thermal processing. Eu2+ ions are incorporated into the nanocrystals during the annealing procedure enabling a strong fluorescence upon ultraviolet or x-ray excitation. The nanocrystal size and structural phase depend significantly on the heating conditions and Eu doping level. X-ray diffraction patterns show a structural phase change of the BaCl2 nanocrystals from hexagonal to orthorhombic as annealing temperatures are increased. DSC experiments were performed to obtain activation energies, thermal stability parameters and information on the crystal growth mechanisms.

  16. Novel cerium doped glass-reinforced hydroxyapatite with antibacterial and osteoconductive properties for bone tissue regeneration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morais, D S; Fernandes, S; Gomes, P S; Fernandes, M H; Sampaio, P; Ferraz, M P; Santos, J D; Lopes, M A; Sooraj Hussain, N

    2015-09-01

    The aim of this work was to develop a bioactive bone substitute with an effective antibacterial ability based on a cerium (Ce) doped glass-reinforced hydroxyapatite (GR-HA) composite. Developed composites were physicochemically characterized, using x-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, SEM, energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS), and flexural bending strength (FBS) tests. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis was performed to analyze the oxidation state of Ce in the prepared doped glass. The antimicrobial activity of the composites was evaluated against Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa; whether the cytocompatibility profile was assayed with human osteoblastic-like cells (Mg-63 cell line). The results revealed that the Ce inclusion in the GR-HA matrix induced the antimicrobial ability of the composite. In addition, Ce-doped materials reported an adequate biological behavior following seeding of osteoblastic populations, by inducing cell adhesion and proliferation. Developed materials were also found to enhance the expression of osteoblastic-related genes. Overall, the developed GR-HA_Ce composite is a prospective candidate to be used within the clinical scenario with a successful performance due to the effective antibacterial properties and capability of enhancing the osteoblastic cell response. PMID:26391473

  17. Fluorescence and radiative properties of Nd3+ ions doped zinc bismuth silicate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graphical abstract: Fluorescence spectra of ZBSN5 glass (Inset: Energy levels depicting the various lasing transitions of Nd3+ ions (4F3/2 → 4I9/2,11/2)) -- Highlights: • Hypersensitive bands of Nd3+ (4I9/2 → 4G5/2, 2G7/2; 586 nm) ions are shifted. • Fluorescence studies show that ZBSN glasses may be used as lasing materials. • Bi3+ cations are incorporated in the glass network as [BiO6] octahedral units. -- Abstract: Glasses having composition 20ZnO⋅xSiO2⋅(79.5−x)Bi2O3⋅0.5Nd2O3 with x varying from 10 to 50 mol% have been synthesized. The amorphous nature of the glasses was confirmed by X-ray diffraction studies. Optical absorption and fluorescence spectra were measured at ambient temperature. This paper reports on different physical and absorption spectral properties of Nd3+ doped zinc bismuth silicate glasses with varying content of Bi2O3 to understand its influences on hypersensitive band intensities. From the recorded absorption spectra, Judd–Ofelt intensity parameters Ωλ = (λ = 2, 4, 6) have been evaluated with their quality factors and are used to compute the radiative properties of Nd3+ glasses. The calculated Judd–Ofelt parameters are found to decreasing with decrease in Bi2O3 content in the glass which may be due to the decrease in Nd–O bond covalency. From these intensity parameters various radiative properties like spontaneous emission probability (Arad), radiative life time (τr), fluorescence branching ratio (βr) and stimulated emission cross-section (σ) for various emission bands have been calculated. The stimulated emission cross-section of fluorescence transition 4F3/2 → 4I11/2 have high values and varies from 15.19 × 10−20 cm2 to 5.73 × 10−20 cm2 with Bi2O3 content in the host glass. The results point out this glass system as good candidate to be used in the development of photonics devices operating in the near infrared spectral range. Further, the FTIR results reveal that the glasses have BiO6, SiO4 and non

  18. Spectroscopic study of ZnO doped CeO 2-PbO-B 2O 3 glasses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pal Singh, Gurinder; Singh, D. P.

    2011-09-01

    Glass samples of compositions xZnO- xCeO 2-(30- x)PbO-(70- x)B 2O 3 with x varying from 2% to 10% mole fraction are prepared by the melt quench technique. The structural and optical analysis of glasses is carried out by XRD, FTIR, density and UV-visible spectroscopic measurement techniques. The FTIR spectral analysis indicates that with the addition of ZnO contents in glass network, structural units of BO 3 are transformed into BO 4. It has been observed in our previous work that band gap decreases from 2.89 to 2.30 eV for CeO 2-PbO-B 2O 3 glasses with cerium content varying from 0% to 10% [Gurinder Pal Singh, Davinder Paul Singh, Physica B 406(3) (2011) 640-644]. With the incorporation of zinc in CeO 2-PbO-B 2O 3 glasses, the optical band gap energy decreases further from 2.38 to 2.03 eV. This causes more compaction of the borate network, which results in an increase of density (3.39-4.02 g/cm 3). Transmittance shows that ZnO in glass samples acts as a reducing agent thathelps to convert Ce 4+→Ce 3+ ions.

  19. Spectroscopic investigation of zinc tellurite glasses doped with Yb(3+) and Er(3+) ions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilir, Gökhan; Kaya, Ayfer; Cinkaya, Hatun; Eryürek, Gönül

    2016-08-01

    This paper presents a detailed spectroscopic investigation of zinc tellurite glasses with the compositions (0.80-x-y) TeO2+(0.20) ZnO+xEr2O3+yYb2O3 (x=0, y=0; x=0.004, y=0; x=0, y=0.05 and x=0.004, y=0.05 per moles). The samples were synthesized by the conventional melt quenching method. The optical absorption and emission measurements were conducted at room temperature to determine the spectral properties of lanthanides doped zinc tellurite glasses and, to study the energy transfer processes between dopant lanthanide ions. The band gap energies for both direct and indirect possible transitions and the Urbach energies were measured from the absorption spectra. The absorption spectra of the samples were analyzed by using the Judd-Ofelt approach. The effect of the ytterbium ions on the emission properties of erbium ions was investigated and the energy transfer processes between dopant ions were studied by measuring the up-conversion emission properties of the materials. The color quality parameters of obtained visible up-conversion emission were also determined as well as possibility of using the Er(3+) glasses as erbium doped fiber amplifiers at 1.55μm in infrared emission region. PMID:27156100

  20. Spectroscopic investigation of zinc tellurite glasses doped with Yb3 + and Er3 + ions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilir, Gökhan; Kaya, Ayfer; Cinkaya, Hatun; Eryürek, Gönül

    2016-08-01

    This paper presents a detailed spectroscopic investigation of zinc tellurite glasses with the compositions (0.80 - x - y) TeO2 + (0.20) ZnO + xEr2O3 + yYb2O3 (x = 0, y = 0; x = 0.004, y = 0; x = 0, y = 0.05 and x = 0.004, y = 0.05 per moles). The samples were synthesized by the conventional melt quenching method. The optical absorption and emission measurements were conducted at room temperature to determine the spectral properties of lanthanides doped zinc tellurite glasses and, to study the energy transfer processes between dopant lanthanide ions. The band gap energies for both direct and indirect possible transitions and the Urbach energies were measured from the absorption spectra. The absorption spectra of the samples were analyzed by using the Judd-Ofelt approach. The effect of the ytterbium ions on the emission properties of erbium ions was investigated and the energy transfer processes between dopant ions were studied by measuring the up-conversion emission properties of the materials. The color quality parameters of obtained visible up-conversion emission were also determined as well as possibility of using the Er3 + glasses as erbium doped fiber amplifiers at 1.55 μm in infrared emission region.

  1. Femtosecond Dynamics and Nonlinear Effects of Electron-Hole Plasma in Semiconductor Doped Glasses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olbright, Gregory Richard

    The following is a comprehensive study of transient and steady-state nonlinear optical properties of semiconductor microcrystals embedded in a glass matrix (semiconductor doped glass). Transient thermal effects which give rise to longitudinal excitation discontinuities (i.e., kinks) that arise from partial sample switching in increasing absorption optical bistability are observed in a doped glass. The transient thermal effects occur on time scales of a few hundred milliseconds. Femtosecond and nanosecond laser pulses are employed to measure time-resolved and steady-state transmission and differential transmission spectra. The measured spectra reveal several beautiful effects which are attributed to the many-particle effects of electron-hole plasma. The spectra reveal: bandgap renormalization, broadening of the tail states and screening of the continuum states, state filling (spectral hole burning), thermalization of nonthermal carrier population distributions, band filling due to carrier relaxation of the thermal and nonthermal distributions, direct electron-hole recombination and long lived (>>100 ps) tail states which are attributed to electron trapping. Absorption edge dynamics discussed in this dissertation span 15 orders of magnitude.

  2. Lasing potentialities and white light generation capabilities of Dy3+ doped oxy-fluoroborate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oxy-fluoroborate (OFB) glasses doped with different concentrations of Dy3+ ions were synthesized through melt quenching technique and characterized by using optical absorption, photoluminescence and decay analysis to understand the lasing potentialities and their utility for white light emitting diodes (LEDs). The XRD spectrum recorded for undoped OFB glass confirms the amorphous nature of the prepared glasses. Judd–Ofelt theory has been applied to the recorded absorption spectra to measure the radiative properties such as transition probability (AR), radiative lifetimes (τR), branching ratios (βR) and spectroscopic quality factor (χ) for the prominent fluorescent levels. The emission spectra recorded for these glasses gives four emission transitions 4F9/2→6H15/2, 6H13/2, 6H11/2 and 6H9/2 for which effective band widths (ΔλP), experimental branching ratios (βexp) and stimulated emission cross-sections (σse) are evaluated. To know the lasing potentialities of these glasses, the quantum efficiency (η) of these glasses are measured by recording the decay curves for the prominent emission levels 4F9/2→6H15/2 and 4F9/2→6H13/2. Among the observed emission transitions, a transition at 575 nm (4F9/2→6H13/2) indicates the lasing potentialities. The CIE chromaticity co-ordinates and the confocal photoluminescence images of these glasses further suggests the near white light generation capabilities in principle

  3. Enhanced mid-IR emission in Yb{sup 3+}-Tm{sup 3+} co-doped oxyfluoride glass ceramics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xie Junhua [State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Zhang Qiang [State Key Laboratory of High Field Laser Physics, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Science, Shanghai 201800 (China); Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China); Zhuang Yixi [State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Liu Xiaofeng [State Key Laboratory of High Field Laser Physics, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Science, Shanghai 201800 (China); Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China); Guan Miaojia; Zhu Bin; Yang Rong [State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Qiu Jianrong, E-mail: qjr@zju.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China)

    2011-02-10

    Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Research highlights: > Tm{sup 3+} and Yb{sup 3+} ions had been enriched in the nanocrystals of the glass ceramics. > Mid-IR luminescence intensity of the glass ceramics was enhanced. > Judd-Ofelt theory was used to calculate optical parameters. - Abstract: Tm{sup 3+}-Yb{sup 3+} co-doped transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics were prepared through thermal treatment of the as-prepared glasses. The precipitation of nanocrystals and the incorporation of Tm{sup 3+} and Yb{sup 3+} into the nanocrystals were confirmed by X-ray diffraction and absorption spectra. Based on the Judd-Ofelt theory, the J-O parameters {Omega}{sub {lambda}} ({lambda} = 2, 4, 6), spontaneous radiative transition rates, radiative lifetimes and fluorescence branching ratios of Tm{sup 3+} in both as-prepared glasses and glass ceramics were calculated. Intense mid-IR emission and upconversion luminescence in the Tm{sup 3+} and Yb{sup 3+} co-doped glass ceramics were observed under 980 nm excitation. Especially, compared with that of the as-prepared glasses, mid-IR luminescence intensity of Tm{sup 3+} in the glass ceramics was greatly enhanced. Desirable spectroscopic characteristics suggest that these oxyfluoride glass ceramics may be promising mid-IR laser active medium.

  4. Optical thermometry based on luminescence behavior of Dy3+-doped transparent LaF3 glass ceramics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dy3+-doped transparent LaF3 glass ceramics were fabricated, and its structures of resulting glass ceramics are studied by the X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. Optical temperature sensing of the resulting glass ceramics in the temperature range from 298 to 523 K is studied based on the down-conversion luminescence of Dy3+ ion. By using fluorescence intensity ratio method, the 4I15/2 and 4F9/2 of Dy3+ ions are verified as thermally coupled levels. A minimum SR = 1.16 x 10-4 K-1 is obtained at T = 294 K. By doping Eu3+ ion, the overall emission color of Eu3+-Dy3+ co-doped transparent glass ceramics can be tuned from white to yellow with the temperature increase through energy transfer between Eu3+ and Dy3+. Additionally, the thermal stability of the Dy3+ single-doped transparent glass ceramics becomes higher after doping Eu3+ ion. (orig.)

  5. Optical thermometry based on luminescence behavior of Dy{sup 3+}-doped transparent LaF{sub 3} glass ceramics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bu, Y.Y. [Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, College of Electronic Science and Engineering, Nanjing (China); Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, College of Science, Nanjing (China); Cheng, S.J.; Wang, X.F. [Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, College of Electronic Science and Engineering, Nanjing (China); Key Laboratory of Radio Frequency and Micro-Nano Electronics of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing, Jiangsu (China); Yan, X.H. [Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, College of Electronic Science and Engineering, Nanjing (China); Key Laboratory of Radio Frequency and Micro-Nano Electronics of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing, Jiangsu (China); Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, College of Science, Nanjing (China)

    2015-11-15

    Dy{sup 3+}-doped transparent LaF{sub 3} glass ceramics were fabricated, and its structures of resulting glass ceramics are studied by the X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. Optical temperature sensing of the resulting glass ceramics in the temperature range from 298 to 523 K is studied based on the down-conversion luminescence of Dy{sup 3+} ion. By using fluorescence intensity ratio method, the {sup 4}I{sub 15/2} and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} of Dy{sup 3+} ions are verified as thermally coupled levels. A minimum S{sub R} = 1.16 x 10{sup -4} K{sup -1} is obtained at T = 294 K. By doping Eu{sup 3+} ion, the overall emission color of Eu{sup 3+}-Dy{sup 3+} co-doped transparent glass ceramics can be tuned from white to yellow with the temperature increase through energy transfer between Eu{sup 3+} and Dy{sup 3+}. Additionally, the thermal stability of the Dy{sup 3+} single-doped transparent glass ceramics becomes higher after doping Eu{sup 3+} ion. (orig.)

  6. Thermal stability and spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped niobic-tungsten–tellurite glasses for laser and amplifier devices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Er3+ doped niobic-tungsten–tellurite glasses doped with concentration of Er3+ ion up to 3 wt% were fabricated. The effect of Er3+ doping concentration on thermal stability and optical properties was investigated in order to obtain the most suitable rare earth content for developing 1.5 μm compact fiber amplifier pumped with a commercial telecom 980 nm laser diode. The maximum doping concentration allowed was found to be around 1.77×1020 ions/cm3, for which a broad 1.5 μm emission spectra of 65 nm FWHM and a lifetime of 3.4 ms for the 4I13/2 level was measured. - Highlights: ► Thermal and optical properties of Er3+ doped niobic-tungsten–tellurite glasses. ► Spectroscopic properties measured when pumped by commercial telecom 980 nm LD. ► Investigation of the effect of Er3+doping level on glass properties. ► Present glass is a good candidate for efficient 1.5 μm compact fiber amplifier or laser.

  7. Thermal stability and spectroscopic properties of erbium-doped niobic-tungsten-tellurite glasses for laser and amplifier devices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boetti, Nadia G., E-mail: nadia.boetti@polito.it [PhotonLab, Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali ed Ingegneria Chimica, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino (Italy); Lousteau, Joris [PhotonLab, Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali ed Ingegneria Chimica, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino (Italy); Chiasera, Alessandro; Ferrari, Maurizio [CNR-IFN, Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie, CSMFO Lab. via alla Cascata 56/C, Povo, 38123 Trento (Italy); Mura, Emanuele; Scarpignato, Gerardo C. [PhotonLab, Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali ed Ingegneria Chimica, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino (Italy); Abrate, Silvio [PhotonLab, Istituto Superiore Mario Boella, Via P.C. Boggio, 61, 10138 Torino (Italy); Milanese, Daniel [PhotonLab, Dipartimento di Scienza dei Materiali ed Ingegneria Chimica, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino (Italy)

    2012-05-15

    Er{sup 3+} doped niobic-tungsten-tellurite glasses doped with concentration of Er{sup 3+} ion up to 3 wt% were fabricated. The effect of Er{sup 3+} doping concentration on thermal stability and optical properties was investigated in order to obtain the most suitable rare earth content for developing 1.5 {mu}m compact fiber amplifier pumped with a commercial telecom 980 nm laser diode. The maximum doping concentration allowed was found to be around 1.77 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 20} ions/cm{sup 3}, for which a broad 1.5 {mu}m emission spectra of 65 nm FWHM and a lifetime of 3.4 ms for the {sup 4}I{sub 13/2} level was measured. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Thermal and optical properties of Er{sup 3+} doped niobic-tungsten-tellurite glasses. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Spectroscopic properties measured when pumped by commercial telecom 980 nm LD. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Investigation of the effect of Er{sup 3+}doping level on glass properties. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Present glass is a good candidate for efficient 1.5 {mu}m compact fiber amplifier or laser.

  8. Sol-gel synthesis and in vitro bioactivity of copper and zinc-doped silicate bioactive glasses and glass-ceramics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bejarano, Julian; Caviedes, Pablo; Palza, Humberto

    2015-04-01

    Metal doping of bioactive glasses based on ternary 60SiO2-36CaO-4P2O5 (58S) and quaternary 60SiO2-25CaO-11Na2O-4P2O5 (NaBG) mol% compositions synthesized using a sol-gel process was analyzed. In particular, the effect of incorporating 1, 5 and 10 mol% of CuO and ZnO (replacing equivalent quantities of CaO) on the texture, in vitro bioactivity, and cytocompatibility of these materials was evaluated. Our results showed that the addition of metal ions can modulate the textural property of the matrix and its crystal structure. Regarding the bioactivity, after soaking in simulated body fluid (SBF) undoped 58S and NaBG glasses developed an apatite surface layer that was reduced in the doped glasses depending on the type of metal and its concentration with Zn displaying the largest inhibitions. Both the ion release from samples and the ion adsorption from the medium depended on the type of matrix with 58S glasses showing the highest values. Pure NaBG glass was more cytocompatible to osteoblast-like cells (SaOS-2) than pure 58S glass as tested by 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The incorporation of metal ions decreased the cytocompatibility of the glasses depending on their concentration and on the glass matrix doped. Our results show that by changing the glass composition and by adding Cu or Zn, bioactive materials with different textures, bioactivity and cytocompatibility can be synthesized.

  9. Nonlinear Refractive Index Measurement in Semiconductor-Doped Glasses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. t. Tavassoli

    1997-04-01

    Full Text Available   There are several techniques in use for non-linear refractive index measurement, namely, interferometric techniques, in which conventional inter-ferometers are used, degenerate for wave mixing (DFWM, and z-scan, Each of these techniques suffers from some shortcmings. For example conventional interferometers like Fabry-Perot and Twyman-Green need high quality optical components, unwanted reflections on these components produce noise, and the device limits the probe-pump anglc, or in z-scan technique one needs very sensitive detectors and since the intensity is monitored by the nonlinear absorption, which is usually present, reduces the measurement accuracy.   In the techniqucs introduced here, in principle, only a plate of the sample is required, and even parallelism of the plate surfaces is not curcial. Experiments can be carried out successfully if the angle between the plate surface is less than few minutes. In the first technique, the probe beam strikes the surface at an arbitray angle of incidence. The reflected beam from the two surfaces of the sample interfere on a photo-sensitive screen like CCD, and more or less linear interference fringes are produced. When the pump beam is switched on, the interference pattern deforms. The amount and the direction of the deformation give the value and the sign of the non-linear refractive index. In this technique the probe-pump angle can be varied from 00 to 1900.  In the second technique, interference between the reflected probe beam from the sample and the diffracted pump beam from the grating induced by the interference of the probe and the pump beams, leads to a series of circular fringes. When the non-linear sample is replaced by a linear material like fuse silica glass, the above mentioned circular fringes are formed, but the number of fringes in a specified angular interval remains fixed as the pump beam intensity increases. But, in the case of a non-linear sample the number changes due to

  10. Evidence of a cluster glass-like behavior in Fe-doped ZnO nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramos, J. E.; Montero-Muñoz, M.; Coaquira, J. A. H.; Rodríguez-Páez, J. E.

    2014-05-01

    We report on the study of the structural and magnetic properties of crystalline Fe-doped ZnO nanoparticles with Fe content up to 10% synthesized by a co-precipitation method. The Rietveld analysis indicates that the Fe-doped ZnO nanoparticles are formed in a single phase wurtzite structure. DC magnetization (M) vs. applied magnetic field (H) curves obtained at 5 K show the occurrence of a ferromagnetic behavior. The coercive field and saturation magnetization depend on the Fe content. At room temperature, M vs. H curves show features consistent with a superparamagnetic state of nanoscale system. The temperature dependence of the AC and DC magnetic susceptibilities show features related to the thermal relaxation of the nano-sized particles. From the AC data analysis, a magnetic transition from the superparamagnetic to cluster-glass state is determined.

  11. Upconversion energy transfer in Yb3+/Tm3+ doped tellurite glass

    Science.gov (United States)

    Żmojda, J.; Dorosz, D.; Kochanowicz, M.; Dorosz, J.

    2011-06-01

    The paper presents energy transfer in tellurite glass from the system TeO2 - GeO2 - PbO - PbF2- BaO - Nb2O5 - LaF3 doped with Yb3+/Tm3+ ions. Under the excitation of 976 nm laser a strong blue emission (477 nm) corresponding to the transition 1G4 --> 3H6 in thulium ions was observed. Analysing the influence of the content of Tm3+ ions on the level of luminescence obtained by the mechanism of upconversion it was established that the most effective energy transfer between Yb 3+--> Tm3+ ions took place in the matrix doped in the following proportion: 1 Yb3+:0.1 Tm3+ (%mol). Based on the non-resonant process of energy transfer between Yb3+ and Tm3+ ions the mechanism of upconversion was discussed.

  12. Infrared absorption spectra of transition metals-doped soda lime silica glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Infrared (IR) absorption spectra of some prepared undoped and transition metals-doped soda-lime-silicate glasses have been studied in the region of 400-4000 cm-1. IR spectra were analyzed to determine and differentiate the various vibrational modes by applying a deconvolution method to the IR spectra. Although the first sight reveals close similarity between the different transition metal- (TM) doped samples; careful inspection indicates some minor differences depending on the type of TM ions. These observed data are correlated with similar energy of the 3d orbitals of TM atoms in the neutral state and when the atoms are ionized, the 3d orbitals becomes more stable than the 4 s orbitals.

  13. Optical response and magnetic characteristic of samarium doped zinc phosphate glasses containing nickel nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Azmi, Siti Amlah M.; Sahar, M.R., E-mail: mrahim057@gmail.com

    2015-11-01

    A magnetic glass of composition 40ZnO–(58−x) P{sub 2}O{sub 5}–1Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3}–xNiO, with x=0.0, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 mol% is prepared by melt-quenching technique. The glass is characterized by X-ray diffraction, high-resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM), photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) analysis. The X-rays diffraction confirms the amorphous nature of the glass while the HRTEM analysis reveals the presence of nickel nanoparticles in the glass samples. High-resolution TEM reveals that the lattice spacing of nickel nanoparticles is 0.35 nm at (100) plane. Photoluminescence emission shows the existence of four peaks that correspond to the transition from the upper level of {sup 4}G{sub 5/2} to the lower level of {sup 6}H{sub 5/2}, {sup 6}H{sub 7/2}, {sup 6}H{sub 9/2,} and {sup 6}H{sub 11/2.} It is observed that all peaks experience significant quenching effect with the increasing concentration of nickel nanoparticles, suggesting a strong energy transfer from excited samarium ions to the nickel ions. The glass magnetization and susceptibility at 12 kOe at room temperature are found to be in the range of (3.87±0.17×10{sup −2}–7.19±0.39×10{sup −2}) emu/g and (3.24±0.16×10{sup −6}–5.99±0.29×10{sup −6}) emu/Oe g respectively. The obtained hysteresis curve indicates that the glass samples are paramagnetic materials. The studied glass can be further used towards the development of magneto-optical functional glass. - Highlights: • Sm{sup 3+} doped zinc phosphate glass embedded with Ni NPs has been prepared. • The Laue pattern and lattice spacing of Ni NPs are confirmed by HRTEM image. • The magnetic response of glasses has been studied through VSM analysis. • Enhancement factor and decay half-lifetime are investigated.

  14. Higher Fe{sup 2+}/total Fe ratio in iron doped phosphate glass melted by microwave heating

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mandal, Ashis K., E-mail: ashis@cgcri.res.in [CSIR-Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, 196 Raja S.C. Mullick Road, Kolkata 700032 (India); Sinha, Prasanta K. [CSIR-Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, 196 Raja S.C. Mullick Road, Kolkata 700032 (India); Das, Dipankar [UGC-DAE Consortium for Scientific Research, Kolkata 700098 (India); Guha, Chandan [Department of Chemical Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata 700032 (India); Sen, Ranjan [CSIR-Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, 196 Raja S.C. Mullick Road, Kolkata 700032 (India)

    2015-03-15

    Highlights: • Iron doped phosphate glasses prepared using microwave heating and conventional heating under air and reducing atmosphere. • Presence of iron predominantly in the ferrous oxidation state in all the glasses. • Significant concentrations of iron in the ferrous oxidation state on both octahedral and tetrahedral sites in all the glasses. • Ratio of Fe{sup 2+} with total iron is found higher in microwave prepared glasses in comparison to conventional prepared glasses. - Abstract: Iron doped phosphate glasses containing P{sub 2}O{sub 5}–MgO–ZnO–B{sub 2}O{sub 3}–Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} were melted using conventional resistance heating and microwave heating in air and under reducing atmosphere. All the glasses were characterised by UV–Vis–NIR spectroscopy, Mössbauer spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis and wet colorimetry analysis. Mössbauer spectroscopy revealed presence of iron predominantly in the ferrous oxidation state on two different sites in all the glasses. The intensity of the ferrous absorption peaks in UV–Vis–NIR spectrum was found to be more in glasses prepared using microwave radiation compared to the glasses prepared in a resistance heating furnace. Thermogravimetric analysis showed increasing weight gain on heating under oxygen atmosphere for glass corroborating higher ratio of FeO/(FeO + Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}) in glass melted by direct microwave heating. Wet chemical analysis also substantiated the finding of higher ratio Fe{sup +2}/ΣFe in microwave melted glasses. It was found that iron redox ratio was highest in the glasses prepared in a microwave furnace under reducing atmosphere.

  15. High Efficiency Infrared to Visible Upconversion in Er3+/Yb3+-Doped Lead Halide Tellurite Glass

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽艳; 杨建虎; 胡丽丽; 姜中宏

    2003-01-01

    Strong upconversion luminescence of Er3+/yb3+-doped lead halide tellurite glass under 976nm excitation is demonstrated. Three emission bands centred at 525nm, 545nm, and 655nm resulting from the transitions from the excited states 2H11/2, 4Ss/2, and 4F9/2 to the ground state 4I15/2, respectively, are observed even at 60mW pumping power. The power dependent intensity and the upconversion mechanisms responsible for the luminescence are evaluated and discussed. The obtained results might provide useful information for the developments of upconversion lasers.

  16. Strong UV absorption and visible luminescence in ytterbium-doped aluminosilicate glass under UV excitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engholm, M; Norin, L; Aberg, D

    2007-11-15

    A broad visible luminescence band and characteristic IR luminescence of Yb(3+) ions are observed under UV excitation in ytterbium-doped aluminosilicate glass. Samples made under both oxidizing and reducing conditions are analyzed. A strong charge-transfer absorption band in the UV range is observed for glass samples containing ytterbium. Additional absorption bands are observed for the sample made under reducing conditions, which are associated with f-d transitions of divalent ytterbium. The visible luminescence band is attributed to 5d-4f emission from Yb(2+) ions, and the IR luminescence is concluded to originate from a relaxed charge-transfer transition. The findings are important to explain induced optical losses (photodarkening) in high-power fiber lasers. PMID:18026305

  17. Doping of a high calcium oxide metaphosphate glass with titanium dioxide

    OpenAIRE

    Abou Neel, Ensanya A; Chrzanowski, Wojciech; Valappil, Sabeel P.; O'Dell, Luke A.; Pickup, David M.; Smith, Mark E; Newport, Robert J.; Knowles, Jonathan C

    2009-01-01

    This study investigates the effect of doping a high calcium oxide containing metaphosphate glass series (CaO)(40)(Na2O)(10)(P2O5)(50) with TiO2 (1, 3, and 5 mol%). TiO2 incorporation increased the density and glass transition temperature while reduced the degradation rate (5 mol% in particular) by twofold compared with (CaO)30 system reported previously. This has been confirmed by ion release and the minimal pH changes. TiP2O7, NaCa(PO3)(3) and CaP2O6 phases were detected for all TiO2-contain...

  18. The relationship between magnetism and magneto-optical effects in rare earth doped aluminophosphate glasses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aluminophosphate glasses from the Li2O-BaO-Al2O3-P2O5 system with the addition of nonmagnetic and paramagnetic rare earth ions, were prepared using a wet nonconventional method to process the raw materials, followed by a melting–quenching procedure. The glasses obtained were characterized with respect to their magnetic and magneto-optical properties using superconducting quantum interference device magnetometry and spectroscopic ellipsometry. The assumption of a linear dependence of the Verdet constant on the magnetic susceptibility, with a proportionality constant dependent on the type of vitreous matrix and doping ion, is critically discussed. The diamagnetic and paramagnetic contributions to the Faraday rotation were separately analyzed and specific designs for optimal active and passive elements are proposed. (paper)

  19. Tunable Room Temperature Second Harmonic Generation in Glasses Doped with CuCI Nanocrystalline Quantum Dots

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thantu, Napoleon; Schley, Robert Scott; B. L. Justus

    2003-05-01

    Two-photon excited emission centered at 379-426 nm in photodarkening borosilicate glass doped with CuCl nanocrystalline quantum dots at room temperature has been observed. The emission is detected in the direction of the fundamental near-infrared beam. Time- and frequency-resolved measurements at room temperature and 77 K indicate that the emission is largely coherent light characteristic of second harmonic generation (SHG). An average conversion efficiency of ~10-10 is obtained for a 2 mm thick sample. The observed SHG can originate in the individual noncentrosymmetric nanocrystals, leading to a bulk-like contribution, and at the nanocrystal-glass interface, leading to a surface contribution. The bulk-like conversion efficiency is estimated using previously reported values of coherence length (5m) and bulk nonlinear susceptibility. This bulk-like conversion efficiency estimate is found to be smaller than the measured value, suggesting a more prominent surface contribution.

  20. Spectroscopic investigations on Er3+/yb3+-doped oxyfluoride glass ceramicscontaining YOF nanocrystals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHENG Fei; XU Shiqing; ZHAO Shilong; DENG Degang; HUA Youjie; WANG Huanping

    2012-01-01

    Spectroscopic properties of Er3+/yb3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride borosilicate glass ceramics containing YOF nanocrystals were systematically investigated.X-ray diffraction (XRD) confirmed the formation of YOF nanocrystals in the glassy matrix.Based on the Judd-Ofelt theory,the intensity parameters Ω(i) (i=2,4,6),spontaneous emission probability,radiative lifetime,radiative quantum efficiency and the effective emission bandwidth were investigated.The upconversion luminescence intensity ofEr3+ ions in the glass ceramics increased significantly with the increasing crystallization temperature.The transition mechanisms of the green and red upeonversion luminescence were ascribed to a two-photon process,and the blue upconversion luminescence was a three-photon absorption process.