Sample records for bookselling

  1. Prologue for a synoptic catalog: combining a hospital library catalog and a bookseller's catalog. (United States)

    Colglazier, M L


    This article introduces the synoptic catalog, a computerized combination of a hospital library catalog and a bookseller's catalog. Majors Scientific Books and Richmond Memorial Hospital Libraries in Virginia collaborated to develop the model. A logical evolution in catalog theory and practice, the design expands the identification, collocation, and evaluation functions of the traditional library catalog. This article explains the procedures and specifications, including system requirements, record mapping, design details, scope, record transmission, timing, record importing, and file maintenance. The result is a single-interface catalog providing simultaneous and consistent searching of combined information databases. Bookseller records in the synoptic catalog can be modified to indicate library ownership. The synoptic catalog design supports cost-effective collection development and focuses on actual information needs of library users. This report discusses user convenience, budget requirements, publisher advertising, collection development, productivity, and library-bookseller relations. User response to the catalog has been favorable, but improvements are needed.

  2. The Glue that Connects Publishers to Booksellers: An analysis of the role of commissioned sales representatives and their value as links between book publishers and booksellers


    Dabrowski, Paulina


    This project report covers three key areas: the history of the company Ampersand Inc., the role of sales representatives in the publishing industry, and what both publishers and booksellers need to know in order to garner higher sales for their books. Through an analysis of a commissioned sales rep agency, Ampersand Inc., the report will look at how the publishing industry has changed in the past six years, and how these changes have affected sales strategies. The report will also show how ha...

  3. The Bookseller of Kabul, women citizenship and Afghanistan: When will 1789 arrive in the Middle East?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Pizetta Altoé


    Full Text Available The article aims at analyzing gender relations in a Muslim society such as Afghanistan in view of the book The Bookseller of Cabul.  The theoretical framework is based on the concept of gender, the concept of citizenship proposed by Marshall, and the definition of symbolic violence given by the French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu. Finding show that in strongly patriarchal cultures, women lack basic citizenship rights - civil rights in particular, becoming symbolic goods available for purchase.

  4. The Bookseller of Kabul, women citizenship and Afghanistan: When will 1789 arrive in the Middle East?


    André Pizetta Altoé


    The article aims at analyzing gender relations in a Muslim society such as Afghanistan in view of the book The Bookseller of Cabul.  The theoretical framework is based on the concept of gender, the concept of citizenship proposed by Marshall, and the definition of symbolic violence given by the French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu. Finding show that in strongly patriarchal cultures, women lack basic citizenship rights - civil rights in particular, becoming symbolic goods available for purchase.

  5. Bookseller’s Classification: Classification Examples and Criteria of Croatian Booksellers in Sales Catalogs and Book Lists from the Beginning of the 20th Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nada Topić


    Full Text Available The aim of the paper is to conduct research on the topic of ways of bookstore (sales classification of Croatian bookstores from the beginning of the 20th century. By content analysis of the 17 sales lists/catalogs of books from Dubrovnik, Split, Zadar, Karlovac, Zagreb and Osijek, the classification structure has been reconstructed, and the criteria according to which the booksellers offerings have been classified in the early 20th century have been determined. Conducting of the analysis established the following criteria of the bookstore classification: topic/content, form/type of work, type of corpus, genre, language, purpose, publishing series, publisher, time of publication, (new edition, time of publication/purchase, customer's specific interests, number, letter and author. Order of enumeration within specific categories is mostly alphabetic, numeric or according to order of publication. Unlike the library classification and classification systems in general, the problematics of bookstore classification is not very present in the current existing sources. Research studies that focus on the history of bookselling, even if they reveal ways of classification of booksellers offers remain on a descriptive level without any deeper analysis of the criteria or possible reasons of such classification. Therefore, the contribution of the paper is a detailed analysis of a larger pattern of bookstore sales catalogs, and also an attempt of illuminating the criteria and reasons of creating a system of bookstore classification in the defined historical, spatial and time context.

  6. SEO strategies in booksellers sector

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    Ferran Sabate


    Full Text Available The Internet has consolidated as a new commercial and marketing channel due to the advance of Information and Communication Technologies and the saturation of conventional media channels. In this context, firms are doing specific (for the Internet channel promotion strategies to improve its placement on search engines results pages and to increase its website traffic. The objectives of this article are: 1 to provide a context for the Search Engine Marketing (SEM, putting special attention on those actions to optimize the placement in search engines (SEO; 2 to identify and classify what SEO actions firms adopt or could adopt to improve its placement on search engines; and 3 to make an empirical study (centered on Spanish book trades to quantify how much firms are adopting SEO actions and its effectiveness according to the placement observed in search engines result pages. The results are analyzed, the limitations are discussed and new lines for research are commented.

  7. The Impact of Internet Trading on the UK Antiquarian and Second-Hand Bookselling Industry. (United States)

    Whewell, Jane A.; Souitaris, Vangelis


    Investigates the impact of the Internet on the UK (United Kingdom) second-hand and antiquarian book trade. Results from questionnaires and interviews showed that, overall, electronic commerce presents an opportunity rather than a threat to this traditional retailing sector, partly due to pre-existing database management and distribution skills.…

  8. The current connections between the library and bookselling activity with an overview of the public library development

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    Miha Kovač


    Full Text Available Among the set goals of improving book consumption in Slovenia the National Culture Program 2004-2007 also includes encouraging the development of network of bookshops and ‘quality’ bookshops, that will be evenly distributed across Slovenia. The program suggests them to be formed within the framework of already existing public cultural institutions. Book consumption in Slovenia has been characterised by poorly developed retail book market and well developed network of public libraries with a high number of book lendings that serves as a substitute for the paperback market as it is known in bigger language communities abroad. Along with surveying the possibilities of directing the libraries towards book marketing (as well, the paper also examines the historical development of commercial publishing companies / bookshops / libraries, existing in Europe in 18th and 19th century and in some places existing side by side with public libraries until the middle of 20th century. The paper shows that the present ratio between bookshops and libraries on some big book markets is different than in Slovenia, as libraries are loosing patrons as a consequence of the growth of big bookshop chains. A characteristic feature of book consumption in Slovenia can be seen in the use of the internet in libraries as well as bookshops. The ‘merging’ of the marketing segment and book lending is to a smaller extent already under way abroad, where large online bookshops encourage libraries by means of provision to act as the mediator in the sale of books. In this way, a library can turn into a bookshop with the help of connections via ISBN numbers, without having to jeopardise their original mission.

  9. National Association and Organization Reports. American Library Association; Association of American Publishers; American Booksellers Association; Association of Research Libraries; Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC); Council on Library and Information Resources. (United States)

    Freedman, Maurice J.; Platt, Judith; Hoynes, Michael; Webster, Duane E.; Johnson, Richard; Smith, Kathlin


    Includes six reports from national associations and organizations. Highlights include annual meetings; government affairs; copyright; administration; diversity; new technologies; international programs; scholarly communication; information policy; access to information; preservation; statistics and measurement; digital libraries; economics of…

  10. Managing the mystery collection: from creation to consumption


    Genito, Peter


    A mystery collections management description in major American university libraries. Influence of mystery collections on writers' inspiration. Relationship between booksellers / librarians / authors / readers in mystery books.

  11. Книготорговельна періодика незалежної України (1991–2012)


    Gret, Galina


    The role of bookselling periodicals in bookselling of Ukraine is highlighted. It’s formation is considered by visual inspection of magazines „Book”, „New book”, „Soviet bibliophile”, „Biblical news”, which published articles on the history of all branches of books and bookselling also. The articles of newspapers „Form to order”, „Friend reader”, „BETEE”, „Book World”, magazines „Scribe”, „Book Folder” on the period of unconscious publishing support in Ukraine are considered. Materials of maga...

  12. Encyklopedie knihy

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Trávníček, Jiří


    Roč. 31, č. 1 (2015), s. 4 ISSN 1211-9938 Institutional support: RVO:68378068 Keywords : 15th-19th centuries * book printing * publishing and bookselling * Voit, Petr Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  13. Maailma kõige populaarsemad kirjanikud 2008

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    2008. a. igakuiste ilukirjanduse müügiedetabelite analüüsist 9 riigis - USA, Hiina, Hispaania, Holland, Itaalia, Prantsusmaa, Rootsi, Saksamaaa ja Inglismaa (koost. The Bookseller,Publishers Weekly, Livres Hebdo)

  14. Book selling and e-books in Sweden

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    Elena Maceviciute


    Full Text Available This paper addresses the issue of the understanding of the book-selling situation as Swedish booksellers see it. It pursues the answers to the following questions: 1. What are the perceptions of Swedish booksellers of the impact of e-books on their business? 2. What drivers are important for Swedish booksellers for adopting and developing e-book sales through their own sales channels? 3. What do they perceive as barriers to e-book selling through their own channels? The authors have employed the analysis of the secondary statistical data and a survey of Swedish booksellers to answer their questions. The results of the investigation have shown that the Swedish booksellers do not feel their bookshops, or business in general, are threatened by e-books. The opinions on e-books do not differ between the few selling e-books and others who do not offer this product. The reasons for selling e-books are well-functioning routines and personal interest in the product. The reasons for not selling the books are the lack of demand and technical resources as well as contractual agreements with e-book publishers or vendors. So, technical resources for e-book sales, routines, and contracts with publishers are the main premises for this activity. The biggest barriers to e-book sales are: a the price as one can see not only in the answers of the booksellers, but also in the drop of sales obviously related to the rise of prices during 2014; b lack of demand from customers who do not enquire about e-books in bookshops. This leads to the belief that e-books will be sold mostly online either directly from publishers and authors or through online booksellers. However, an equal number of booksellers believe that physical bookshops will be selling printed books and e-books in the future. The future of e-books seems to be quite secure and non-threatening to printed books from the point of view of booksellers. The growth of e-book sales is quite slow and the respondents

  15. Merchandising Techniques and Libraries. (United States)

    Green, Sylvie A.


    Proposes that libraries employ modern booksellers' merchandising techniques to improve circulation of library materials. Using displays in various ways, the methods and reasons for weeding out books, replacing worn book jackets, and selecting new books are discussed. Suggestions for learning how to market and 11 references are provided. (RBF)

  16. Production and Utilization of Core-Textbooks in Primary School ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Research has shown that textbooks can improve primary school children educational achievement. There are different key players (authors, booksellers, publishers, printers, libraries and readers) in the book industry who contributes to the development of textbooks. These stakeholders have specific roles to play and cannot ...

  17. JJ Thomson-A'Thinking'Experimentalist

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    corpuscles' (as Tho~son had named the carriers of ... J J was born in Manchester In 1856, the son of an antiquarian bookseller. He once took young Joseph ... Here was a man, 27 years In age, elected to be the 'Professor of Experimental Physics' ...

  18. JJ Thomson-A'Thinking'Experimentalist

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    corpuscles' (as Tho~son had named the carriers of negative ... J J was born in Manchester In 1856, the son of an antiquarian bookseller. He once took young ... His father'S untimely death meant lack of funds for the apprenticeship. A scholarship made ...

  19. John Newbery, "Friend of All Mankind." (United States)

    Hearn, Michael Patrick


    Recounts the life of John Newbery, the 18th-century London bookseller who did more than anyone to establish the children's book trade, and for whom the prestigious Newbery Award is named. States that Newbery published many books, including a line of books called the Juvenile Library, entertaining but also didactic, in the manner of the times. (PA)

  20. Books as therapy

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    out muffins. For your middle life crisis there is The Middle Passage by the. Jungian psychologist James Hollis, which deals with the questioning and psychological turmoil during the male and female menopause. “It is a common misconception,” reflected Mr Perdu, “that booksellers look after books. They look after people.


    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    undertake, steps to follow in establishing a publishing company, networking with stakeholders in the publishing industry,the legal .... should network with the following stakeholders. The book industry,like any other industry, needs ..... Author, publisher and bookseller: a tripartite synergy in book development in Nigeria.

  2. Organizace tisku učebnic v Čechách. Přizpůsobení jedné tereziánské reformy

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Madl, Claire


    Roč. 7, č. 17 (2017), s. 57-71 ISSN 1804-6983 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA15-22253S Institutional support: RVO:68378068 Keywords : state reform * school textbooks * publishers * booksellers * book market * state publishing house * Enlightenment reform * innovation * state monopoly Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision OBOR OECD: Specific literatures

  3. Trends in Source of Catalog Records for European Monographs 1996-2000: A Preliminary Study of Italian Monographs. (United States)

    Kellsey, Charlene


    Discusses catalog records for non-English books created by European booksellers and loaded into OCLC; describes a study of Italian language monographs to compare vendor records with Library of Congress and OCLC member libraries' records; and considers changes in cataloging workflow needed to edit records to include Library of Congress call numbers…

  4. Specifika internetového knižního trhu


    Prokopová, Anna


    This thesis focuses on the topic of online book market and its specifications, predominantly from the practical point of view of marketing strategies. The first part describes properties and structure of the online book market, identifies market participants and outlines possible typology of bookstores.The second part focuses on search engine optimization (SEO), accessibility, usability and online marketing with practical examples and proposals for online booksellers. The last part compares b...

  5. Unknown Regulations in Ladino from Salonika (ca. 1740: Ethos, Ideal, Reality

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    Yaron Ben-Naeh


    Full Text Available

    In the mid-1930s, Viennese bookseller David Fränkel described a booklet containing regulations in Ladino. Its whereabouts were unknown until it recently appeared in a public auction in Jerusalem. Though Fränkel attributed it to Istanbul, his description leaves no room for doubt that this is the same text, but internal evidence points to Salonika. The four-page booklet is unsigned and undated; one can only conjecture that it was printed in the mid-1740s upon the initiative of the rabbinical and communal leadership in Salonika. It contains two groups of regulations…

  6. Unmuffling the 'muffel'


    Otto Hietsch


    It is only once or twice in a lifetime that an individ­ ual may decide to buy himself an encyclopaedic dictionary. Whether.unilingual or bilingual, the purchase of a lexicon. is (punning unintentional) a weighty matter to consider, and guidance will invariably be sought from someone who is looked upon as an insider. However, a bookseller, with such an interesting customer in sight, will probably be more than ready to claim the virtues of precision-and all­ inclusiveness for the volume or volu...

  7. The Academic Book of the Future

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    Marilyn Deegan


    Full Text Available The Academic Book of the Future is a research project funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC in collaboration with The British Library (BL and is concerned with how scholarly work in the arts and humanities will be produced, read and preserved in coming years. The project is run by a team from University College London (UCL and King’s College London (King’s, with support from the Research Information Network (RIN. The project has built a Community Coalition of more than 100 organizations and individuals.  The project and the Coalition are holding a whole range of events and carrying out research projects on a variety of relevant topics. The key event for 2015 is Academic Book Week, 9-16 November 2015, which has been taken up enthusiastically by the Publishers Association (PA and the Booksellers Association (BA, as well as the Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers (ALPSP, and was launched in July 2015 with a large announcement in 'The Bookseller. 'Events celebrating the diversity, innovation and influence of academic books will be held across the UK, with participation from institutions elsewhere in Europe and also in the USA, Canada, Japan and Australia.

  8. Trade in French books in Zagreb: 1796-1823

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    Jasna Tingle


    Full Text Available The intention of this paper is to contribute to the picture of the book trade in Zagreb in the late 18th and early19th century. The objectives of the research were to find out which booksellers’ catalogues were available in Croatian capital Zagreb in that period and to illustrate the conclusions that can be drawn from the information gathered by focusing on a narrow topic: trade in French books in a particular period. A focus on French books was inspired by the importance of French culture in Europe of that time. The research included eight available catalogues published by three prominent Zagreb-based booksellers between 1796 and 1823. The resources were observed and their contents, format and internal organisation described which was followed by comparative analysis of 245 French titles indexed in these catalogues. Conclusions have been suggested about the availability of French books in Zagreb as well as pricing policy and other practices of the booksellers of that time. Possible contribution to book history in Croatia is not only in the results but also in the type of analysis performed.

  9. Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED11)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maier, Anja; Mougaard, Krestine; Howard, Thomas J.

    The ICED series of conferences is the Design Society's "flagship" event. ICED11 took place on August 15-18, 2011, at the campus of the Danish Technical University in Lyngby/Copenhagen, Denmark. The Proceedings of the conference are published in 10 individual volumes, arranged according to topics........ All volumes of the Proceedings may be purchased individually through Amazon and other on-line booksellers. For members of the Design Society, all papers are available on this website. The Programme and Abstract Book is publically available for download.......The ICED series of conferences is the Design Society's "flagship" event. ICED11 took place on August 15-18, 2011, at the campus of the Danish Technical University in Lyngby/Copenhagen, Denmark. The Proceedings of the conference are published in 10 individual volumes, arranged according to topics...

  10. The activity of Leon Idzikovsky firm (book sales, book and music publishing, private public library

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    Hul O.


    Full Text Available Leon Idzikovsky firm’s activity has been analyzed and reviewed in this article. The firm was founded by Leon Idzikovsky in 1858 in Kyiv. The author draws attention to the different types of the firm’s activity: bookselling, publishing, private public library etc. The repertoire of the publishing company has been studied in compliance with the firm’s activity periodization. Recreated is the history of Leon Idzikovsky library foundation.The library consisted of nearly 173,000 books, periodicals and sheet music. The author of the article analyzes the thematic structure of the library fonds. Defined is the role of Leon Idzikovsky firm as an important cultural center of prerevolutionary Kyiv

  11. Japanese “Merchants of Culture”

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moeran, Brian


    Purpose. To provide an overview of the Japanese publishing industry and to compare it with the publishing industry in the United Kingdom to see whether similarities and differences are industry- or culture-specific. Design/methodology/approach. The paper provides detailed descriptions...... of Japanese publishing. Research limitations/implications The Japanese publishing industry appears to operate under certain cultural constraints that inhibit crosscultural comparison, while enabling cross-industry comparison within Japan. Why this is so needs further research. Can the parallels between...... of the activities of the three main players in the Japanese publishing industry (publishers/editors; distributors; and booksellers). This tripartite structure of the industry encourages divide-and-rule mechanisms also found in the Japanese advertising industry. At the same time, a comparison with the UK publishing...

  12. The Business of Musical Scores in Barcelona between 1792 and 1834: From Antonio Chueca to Francisco Bernareggi

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    Oriol Brugarolas Bonet


    Full Text Available The data presented in this article is an initial contribution to the study of musical score business in Barcelona between 1792 and 1834. It includes information about the places where printed and handwritten musical scores could be purchased as well as about the people involved in this business (booksellers, instrument makers, musicians, copyists and small business owners not specialised in music. It also gives specifics about the commercial system through which the purchases were made (direct sales, subscription, hire, exchange, batches, in notebooks or through music newspapers, the repertoire and, in some cases, the price of the musical score. The intensity of the musical score business, particularly from 1814, once the War of Independence had ended, is a clear sign of the high development of the activity and the musical culture of Barcelona, and demonstrates that Spain formed part of a European distribution network for musical scores.

  13. La industria editorial española ante los mercados americanos del libro 1892-1936

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    Ana Martínez Rus


    Full Text Available The article analyses the book trade with Latin American from the end of the nineteenth century until the civil war. It addresses the condition of trade with the various Latin American republics, the problems affecting book production, distribution and sale; and, finally, the strategies adopted by Spanish editors and booksellers to increase exports. The Spanish book industry was necessarily oriented towards exports because of the economic and cultural limitations of the national market, and because of new and high demand from twenty Spanish-speaking countries. Although it was always profitable, the publishers had to face foreign competition in Spanish-language book production, clandestine publication in Latin American countries, the difficulties derived from producing expensive books in limited editions, the weakness of financial support, ineffective transport and poor publicity. This article also studies the role of the state in the diffusion of Spanish book, emphasising the importance of protectionism, which proved very damaging to the publishing industry.

  14. The Role of Usability in Business-to-Business E-Commerce Systems: Predictors and Its Impact on User's Strain and Commercial Transactions

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    Udo Konradt


    Full Text Available This study examines the impact of organizational antecedences (i.e., organizational support and information policy and technical antecedences (i.e., subjective server response time and objective server response time to perceived usability, perceived strain, and commercial transactions (i.e. purchases in business-to-business (B2B e-commerce. Data were gathered from a web-based study with 491 employees using e-procurement bookseller portals. Structural equation modeling results revealed positive relationships of organizational support and information policy, and negative relationships of subjective server response time to usability after controlling for users' age, gender, and computer experience. Perceived usability held negative relationships to perceived strain and fully mediated the relation between the three significant antecedences and perceived strain while purchases were not predicted. Results are discussed in terms of theoretical implications and consequences for successfully designing and implementing B2B e-commerce information systems.

  15. Anatole Louis Garraux e o comércio de livros franceses em São Paulo (1860-1890 Anatole Louis Garraux and the trade of French books in São Paulo (1860-1890

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    Marisa Midori Deaecto


    Full Text Available O presente artigo busca recuperar o papel de Anatole Louis Garraux na promoção do comércio de livros franceses em São Paulo. Negociante natural de Paris, instalou-se na capital paulistana em 1860, vindo a se tornar o maior livreiro da cidade nas últimas décadas do século. Entre o processo de instalação da Casa Garraux e sua consagração no meio intelectual citadino, descobrimos que foram variados os seus empreendimentos e suas relações com o comércio franco-brasileiro. Todas, porém, situam-se no período de expansão do comércio de bens de consumo importados. Nesse sentido, o problema da circulação do livro será abordado na perspectiva de expansão do capitalismo editorial francês e das condições de consumo de livros existentes na capital.This article approaches some aspects of the bookseller Anatole Louis Garraux and the environment of the French publishing market in São Paulo. A French businessmen that came to this city in 1860, he became its biggest bookseller in the end of 19th century. Between the foundation of Casa Garraux and his recognition by city's intellectuals, we have found out his business had been become diversified in French-Brazilian trade. All of them, however, are located in time of international trade expansion of consumer goods. On this way, book will be approached by the point of view of Publishing Capitalism expansion and the consumption potential observed in the city.

  16. The e-book phenomenon: a disruptive technology

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    Tom D. Wilson


    Full Text Available The emergence of the e-book as a major phenomenon in the publishing industry is of interest, world-wide. The English language market, with as the major player in the market may have dominated attention, but the e-book has implications for many other languages and book markets. The pre-e-book publishing world can be seen as a system in which authors delivered texts to publishers, who evaluated, edited, printed and distributed the published text to bookshops and thence to libraries and individual readers. This process has been going on since Gutenberg’s re-invention of movable type in about 1439 (following its original invention in China in the 9th century, and the use of metallic type in Korea in 1234, in other words, for about the past 550 years. The invention of movable type was an instance of a disruptive technology: eventually putting monastic scribes out of business altogether. Similarly, the e-book has the potential to disrupt the processes for the production, distribution and use of authorial texts, and is already in the process of doing so. First, the phenomenon of self-publishing has emerged as a serious contender to the more formal process; secondly, publishers may derive significant economic benefit from the reduction in printing and distribution costs, as well as the ability to sell directly to the consumer through their own Websites; thirdly, the impact on booksellers may result in a further reduction in the number of independent stores – a decline already in process as a result of online bookselling; fourthly, user demand is resulting in libraries wrestling with the problems of how to manage e-books within their collection development and management processes; and, finally, the behaviour of readers is changing as the devices available for using e-books become more numerous and cheaper. Only someone blessed with absolute certainty in forecasting the future can know exactly how things will change, but there is little

  17. E-book Reader Devices and Libraries

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    Pažur, I.


    Full Text Available Most library studies thematically related to electronic books don't consider readers of electronic books. Only in recent years librarians conduct studies in which they want to find out readers' opinions about the possibilities, advantages and disadvantages of reading using e-readers, as well as their possible application in the libraries.User studies of e-readers have shown that their opinion is generally positive, but great attachment to traditional books is still present, e-readers are still seen only as an additional tool for reading. Sony with its e-reader (the latest Reader model Daily and Reader Store online bookstore ( the only one who cooperate with libraries and has made lending electronic books possible. Cooperation was launched in 2009th,and the New York Public Library was the first library that offered such a service.Cooperation between Sony and libraries, indicates clearly what the near future could be if other online booksellers / publishers begin to follow the model of lending e-books through the libraries over the network. However it is possible that a large online bookstores / publishers consider that the further price reduction of e-readers and electronic books will constantly increase their sales, and in that case lending e-books will be unnecessary.Are the libraries ready for this scenario?

  18. Built out of books: lesbian energy and feminist ideology in alternative publishing. (United States)

    Adams, K


    This paper chronicles the birth of lesbian-feminist publishing in the 1970s, a significant but often overlooked chapter of American alternative publishing history, and one that would help create the circumstances supporting a flourishing lesbian and gay literature in the 1980s and 1990s. Between 1968 and 1973, over 500 feminist and lesbian publications appeared across the country, and what would become an organized network of independent women's bookstores began to appear. In 1976, a group of feminist trades-women-printers, booksellers, and others-would meet in the first of a series of Women in Print conferences that would give a name to the fledgling alternative press movement. Fueled by the energy of the women's movement, lesbians were instrumental actors in a variety of feminist publishing enterprises that, taken together, constituted a unique brand of print activism that illuminated and revised categories of identity; empowered individuals to overcome social isolation and discrimination; and informed nascent lesbian and feminist communities about strategies of resistance.

  19. Advertising books: a linguistic analysis of blurbs

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    Mª Lluïsa Gea Valor


    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to present a preliminary approach to the study of blurbs, brief texts traditionally displayed on bookcovers, and nowadays also on the Internet, which provide information about a book to potential readers. This study focuses on four of the most widelyknown publishing and bookselling companies in the English-speaking world: Penguin, Ballantine, Routledge, and Barnes & Noble, and analyses more than 60 blurbs displayed on their web sites. The study indicates that blurbs may constitute a genre characterised by a definite communicative purpose and by the use of specific linguistic and discourse conventions. Blurbs perform an informative function based on the description of the contents of a book. But this function is secondary to their persuasive purpose, characteristic of advertising discourse, because blurbs recommend the book by means of review extracts from various sources in an attempt to persuade the prospective reader to buy the "product." In order to achieve their communicative purpose, blurbs make use of a wide range of linguistic and discourse conventions typical of advertising discourse: complimenting, elliptical syntactic patterns, the imperative, the address form "you," and what I have called "curiosity arousers," usually in the form of rhetorical questions and excerpts from the book.

  20. The twopenny library: the book trade, working-class readers, and 'middlebrow' novels in Britain, 1930-42. (United States)

    Hilliard, Christopher


    Twopenny libraries first appeared in North London in 1930 and quickly spread throughout urban Britain. Their innovation was to dispense with subscription fees and charge per loan. Unlike older commercial libraries such as Mudie's, twopenny libraries served a working-class clientele. Some twopenny libraries were standalone businesses. Many more were sidelines to existing businesses such as tobacconists' and newsagents' shops. Library services could be profitable in their own right, but often their main value to their proprietors was to bring customers into the shop more regularly. Established players in the book trade initially responded to twopenny libraries with alarm, but the threat they posed was limited. Their market was not the same as those of booksellers. Some public librarians made arguments along these lines about the twopenny libraries' impact on public libraries; certainly, the two types of institution coexisted. Twopenny libraries carried a lot of so-called light fiction, but they also lent working-class readers the 'middlebrow' bestsellers of the 1920s and 1930s. The wider significance of the twopenny library lies in the way it problematizes the distinction commonly made between a middle-class public for new hardcover novels and a working-class readership of fiction that appeared in cheap papers and magazines.

  1. Capacitar para Distribuir Conhecimento ou para Vender Livros? O Ritual de Treinamento dos Vendedores da Feira do Livro de Porto Alegre

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    Deise Luiza da Silva Ferraz,


    Full Text Available While studying the booksellers’ training ritual that takes place in the larger ritualized context of the Porto Alegre Book Fair, this article attempted to analyze the work conditions of book sellers during the Fair, as well as to identify the reasons behind their commitment or non-commitment with the event’s success. The hierarchical structure found in the local daily context is also present during the Fair; however, training focuses on the praise of knowledge, culture and working people. Therefore, employees are encouraged to overlook any possibilities of criticizing work conditions in favor of the satisfaction to participate in such event. The ethnographic method, with participative observation techniques and interviews, was considered the most effective to analyze this space. Results indicate that when a ritualistic connotation is given to training, marketing aspects are neglected and emphasis is placed on the pleasure of festive events and the sociability propitiated. Thus, in spite of poor work conditions, booksellers give up even their basic needs so as to “delight” clients and, as a consequence, to sell better

  2. Księgarnia i Biblioteka do Czytania Tomasza Szumskiego

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    Artur Jazdon


    Full Text Available Tomasz Szumski, hitherto known in the literature as a secondary school teacher and the author of textbooks, was also the owner of a bookshop and a lending library attached to it. Both were in operation between 1809 and 1824. Their establishment was apparently effected by a deliberate wish to create an establishment that would counterbalance the influence of German bookshops in the town and would offer Polish and foreign literature (mainly French to as wide circles of readers as possible. Additionally, it was intended to be a bookshop that would provide support to the general public with selling textbooks and assigned reading texts for youths. For Szumski himself, the bookshop was also a source of considerable extra income. Szumski’s intention was to sell as much of the current publishing output from Warsaw, Cracow, Lvov, Wrocław (then Breslau and Vilna as possible. He also provided subscriptions to a great number of titles of newspapers and periodicals. He did not neglect the marketing issues involved in his line of business and published numerous book catalogues and kept the press well informed about his new acquisitions. In terms of its size, the bookshop was not a big place and, at the time of its forced closure effected by an administrative writ issued by the German authorities, nearly 2,500 titles were on offer. Following its closure it was repossessioned and bought by the German bookseller Ernst S. Mittler.

  3. Documentos para la historia del libro en Galicia: generadores, intermediarios y consumidores compostelanos

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    Santos Fernández, Carlos


    Full Text Available We present in this work 35 documents relating to the book in Santiago de Compostela during the first third of the seventeenth century: printers, booksellers, readers, libraries, printing contracts, purchases, books, loans, manuscripts, authors, inventories and some great names (Castellá Ferrer, Quevedo, Gómez Tonel, Guixard, Tamayo de Vargas, Méndez de Andrade, Bruceña, Pacheco, etc., belonging to the publishing world of Santiago in the first decades of 17th century.

    Presentamos en este trabajo 35 documentos relativos al mundo del libro en Santiago de Compostela durante el primer tercio del siglo XVII: impresores, libreros, lectores, bibliotecas, contratos de impresión, compras, títulos, préstamos, manuscritos, autores, inventarios, copistas y algunos nombres propios (Castellá Ferrer, Quevedo, Gómez Tonel, Guixard, Tamayo de Vargas, Méndez de Andrade, Bruceña, Pacheco, etc., que forman parte del entorno librario compostelano durante las primeras décadas del siglo de los Austrias menores.

  4. A multi-agent conversational system with heterogeneous data sources access

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    Eisman, Eduardo M.


    In many of the problems that can be found nowadays, information is scattered across different heterogeneous data sources. Most of the natural language interfaces just focus on a very specific part of the problem (e.g. an interface to a relational database, or an interface to an ontology). However, from the point of view of users, it does not matter where the information is stored, they just want to get the knowledge in an integrated, transparent, efficient, effective, and pleasant way. To solve this problem, this article proposes a generic multi-agent conversational architecture that follows the divide and conquer philosophy and considers two different types of agents. Expert agents are specialized in accessing different knowledge sources, and decision agents coordinate them to provide a coherent final answer to the user. This architecture has been used to design and implement SmartSeller, a specific system which includes a Virtual Assistant to answer general questions and a Bookseller to query a book database. A deep analysis regarding other relevant systems has demonstrated that our proposal provides several improvements at some key features presented along the paper.

  5. Book advertisements in Osijek’s 19th century newspapers

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    Maja Krtalić


    Full Text Available The paper investigates the promotion of books through advertising in the newspapers published in Osijek in the second half of the 19th century. From late 18th century and in the course of the 19th century’s intense developments in the publishing of newspapers and journals, advertising in this medium was one of the ways to promote books. Booksellers and publishers advertised books in newspaper ads, relying on the fact that newspapers had become a common and omnipresent medium for disseminating information. Book advertisements were evidence of the position of books in relation to other aspects of culture and society, of the approach to their promotion and, finally, of the importance of book promotion. In order to investigate how and how much book ads were present, and how Croatian books were promoted and reached the readership, the paper analyses daily and monthly publications, such as Esseker allgemeine illustrierte Zeitung from 1869, Die Drau from 1968 to 1877, and Branislav from 1878. Among the eleven different papers published in the second half of the 19th century in Osijek, these were selected for their content, as they were the first illustrated newspapers (Esseker allgemeine illustrierte Zeitung. The investigation focused on the influence of the newly emerged illustrated press and on the influence of the newspapers published in Croatian language (Branislav, as a possible tool for spreading and promotion of Croatian books. Another focus was on the influence of continued publication and on the growth of a steady readership (Die Drau. The papers were analysed with the aim to locate book advertisements which were then subjected to content analysis. Also provided is a brief overview of the book production and publication in Croatia and in Osijek at the time, and an overview of the emergence of newspapers in Osijek with a brief account of the titles selected for study in order to gain an insight into the context in which book ads appeared. It

  6. Editorial

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    Zoran Velagić


    Full Text Available This issue of Libellarium features papers based on the presentations from the 2nd Publishing trends and contexts conference which took place in Pula, Croatia, on 8-9 December 2014. All papers were subject to evaluation and classification by two independent reviewers, according to the journal’s editorial policy. The conference gathered a group of experts from prominent European universities from England, France, Germany, Lithuania, Netherlands, Poland, Scotland, Sweden, Slovenia and Croatia–the details are available on the conference web site: The papers published in this volume concentrate on four main problems: new possibilities for publishers, booksellers and authors caused by the introduction of digital technologies in the publishing processes, models used in the digital environment, teaching publishing at the university level, and finally, the status of publishing studies as an emerging scholarly discipline. The first part features five papers. Tom D. Wilson in E-books: the publishers’ dilemma reports on a study of publishers’ attitudes towards e-books in three countries: Sweden, Lithuania and Croatia, showing a great contrast between the rise of the e-book in English speaking countries and those of small languages. Elena Maceviciute, Birgitta Wallin and Kersti Nilsson (Book selling and e-books in Sweden address the issue of the understanding of the book-selling situation in Sweden, by answering three crucial questions: how Swedish booksellers see the impact of e-books on their business, how and why they adopt and develop e-book sales, and what they perceive as barriers to e-book selling. Interestingly, the results have shown that the Swedish booksellers do not feel their business is threatened by e-books. In E-book aggregators: new services in electronic publishing Tomislav Jakopec investigates e-book aggregators as new services in electronic publishing, showing that e-book aggregation exists


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    Andreja Zubac


    Full Text Available AbstractPurpose: The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of research on the presence of the electronic book on the book market, its trends and developments as well as point towards the difficulties faced by all professions related to it in the countries of the European Community.Methodology / approach: This paper analyzes the domestic and foreign literature and explores the websites of companies that operate with e-books in order to get an overview of the actual state of business operations in the states mentioned in the text.Results: The emergence of the first online bookstores in the United States in the 20th century paved the way for the electronic book to enter the online market. Today, the e-book is an integral part of publishing, book trade and library activities worldwide. Economic indicators testify to a constant growth of revenues from the sale of electronic books on the book market and technology in the U.S. and Europe. This paper provides an explanation of the term electronic book and indicates the interest of many countries for its acquisition and application in order to keep up with the technological demands of the market.Research restrictions: E-book trends and business operations related to them are constantly changing. In terms of librarianship, this is most visible in public libraries as both one of the customers and as later distributors of e-books to users. In their business, new models constantly emerge together with their combinations and approaches to offering these new media.The originality: The issue of business operations in relation to the e-book is interesting to young people, libraries, publishers, authors, booksellers, etc.Contribution: This paper provides an overview of the most recent situation on the e-book market and can serve as the basis of some future researches.

  8. Reading Words and Images in the Description(s of Sir John Soane’s Museum

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    Danielle S. Willkens


    Full Text Available In the 18th and early 19th centuries, London was a city filled with cabinets of curiosity, 'lusus naturae', and bourgeoning public museums. Most of these institutions publicized their holdings through newspaper advertisements, leaflets, and self-published, descriptive catalogs that were available for purchase on-site and through booksellers. Using Soane’s Museum as a case study, this paper will move beyond historiographical analysis of individual objects in collections catalogs to probe how the museum-produced guidebooks depicted spatial arrangements. Citing examples from the 19th to twenty-first centuries, this paper will examine how the curator-produced descriptions of Soane’s Museum manipulated text and graphics to guide visitors through a constructed narrative, recreated the ephemeral experiences of the museum, and advertise the site’s unparalleled union of painting, sculpture, and architecture to audiences abroad. Soane’s 'Description of the House and Museum, on the North Side of Lincoln‘s Inn-Fields, the Residence of Sir John Soane' (privately printed 1830, 1832; revised 1835 paired spatial narratives with the architectural language of orthographic projection and perspective engravings. His 'Description' set forth an agenda about the museum’s arrangement and established a compositional strategy for subsequent editions of the guidebook, renamed the 'General Description' in the editions printed between 1840 and 1930 then rebranded as the 'New Description' by Summerson in 1955. Through the study of the changing written and visual language published in the guides by the curators of Soane’s Museum, this article will examine the changing character of the visitor experience at the museum and question the form of future editions.

  9. La satisfacción de uso de los dispositivos e-reader en una muestra de estudiantes universitarios españoles

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    Navarro-Molina, Carolina


    Full Text Available The use of scholarly electronic books is still limited in the context of universities, due to the users’ need to spend a longer time reading and the existence of usability and interface design problems. This work will assess users’ satisfaction with e-readers, the most frequent type of readings done on them, and the level of users’ knowledge, use and satisfaction with the university libraries’ digital collections. To this end, a digital survey was developed and sent to students of those public universities in Spain that offered a degree in Information Sciences during the academic year 2012-2013. Results show that, in spite of the extended use of e-readers, the computer is still the most used device for reading and consulting scholarly electronic books.El consumo de libros científicos electrónicos es aún muy reducido en el ámbito universitario, debido en parte a la necesidad de realizar una lectura de trabajo durante más tiempo y a problemas de usabilidad y de diseño de las interfaces. En este trabajo se aborda el grado de satisfacción de uso del e-reader, el tipo de lecturas que se realizan en estos dispositivos y el nivel de conocimiento, uso y satisfacción con la colección digital de las bibliotecas universitarias. Para ello se ha realizado una encuesta digital dirigida a estudiantes de las universidades públicas españolas que durante el curso 2012-2013 impartieron docencia en el Grado de Información y Documentación. Los resultados muestran que pese a que el uso del e-reader está muy extendido, el ordenador sigue siendo el dispositivo más empleado para la lectura y consulta del libro científico digital.

  10. 圖書線上資訊交換標準之探究 A Study of ONIX for Books

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    Ho-Chin Chen


    Full Text Available 由於網路購書的與起,出版社與批發商、零售商、書店之間,為了圖書資訊的快遠流通,越來越需要通用標準,ONIX圖書線上資訊交換標準遂應運而生。與另一電子書標準OeBF相比,OeBF著墨於電子書內容的標準規範,而ONIX則強調於資料的著錄與交換。本文即從ONIX的起源開始,介紹ONlX標準的發展與現況,並觀察圖書館界對此標準的反應。目前ONIX已成為出版社與網路書店間的溝通橋樑,並已完成ONIX與MARC間的對應,未來若能解決ONIX轉換成MARC而缺少權威控制的問題,將可簡化圖書館技術工作的負荷,並豐富書目記錄的內容。Since the Internet has grown as a popular place to buy books, the publishers need badly a standard format that can use to distribute electronic information about their books to wholesale and retail booksellers, and anyone else involved in the sale of books. ONIX,stands for Online Information eXchange, is one of such standard formats. This article describes the background and development of ONIX, also explores the library's role in the mapping from ONIX to MARC.

  11. Grondslagen van verandering. Assimilatie en differentiatie van het Antwerpse boekbedrijf in de tweede helft van de zeventiende eeuw

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    Gerrit Verhoeven


    Full Text Available The foundations of change. Integration and diversification in the Antwerp book trade during the second half of the seventeenth centuryWar, ruthless international competition, high import and export duties on books, and unforeseeable changes in the taste of readers all posed a serious threat to the survival of the book trade in the Southern Netherlands during the late seventeenth century. Nevertheless, some Brabantine printers not only survived the crisis they even managed to prosper. This article provides additional insights into the survival strategies adopted at the time based on material from the archives of Balthazar II Moretus’ Officina Plantiniana and the medium-sized publishing house of Hieronymus III Verdussen. Although both entrepreneurs reacted to the crisis by imposing harsh reforms, restructuring, and implementing innovative techniques such as sale on approval, their actual management choices differed greatly. The Officina Plantiniana focused more on the industrial component by opting for large-scale printing. Moretus cut back deliveries to smaller markets and dealers and concentrated on the major booksellers instead as they were able to order in bulk and resell the books to their smaller colleagues which meant that he no longer had to pay for transport and marketing. Moretus also abandoned the inefficient barter system and insisted upon cash payments so that he no longer had to take on books with a limited market value. Verdussen on the other hand followed a completely different path and seemed to renounce printing. He outsourced more and more printing work to jobbing printers in Germany or the United Provinces, thereby externalizing the risk of overstocking or losing out due to a drop in demand. By cultivating a number of advantageous alliances, Verdussen was also able to drastically reduce his custom and transport costs. As the registers of their guild reveals, in order to survive the crisis the majority of publishers in Antwerp

  12. El orden y la memoria en una librería porteña de 1829: el Catálogo de la Librería Duportail Hermanos The order and memory of a bookshop in Buenos Aires in 1829: the Catalog of Duportail Hermanos Bookshop

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    Alejandro E. Parada


    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es dar a conocer uno de los impresos más antiguos que fuera editado por una librería de Buenos Aires en el primer tercio del siglo XIX: el 'Catálogo de la Librería de Duportail Hermanos' (1829. El folleto se analiza a partir de distintas aproximaciones. En primer término se estudia el marco teórico de esta clase de estudios. Luego se pasa revista al comercio librero de ese entonces, al contexto cultural, y al desarrollo de dicha Librería. En un segundo momento se abordan los temas siguientes: la presencia de un gabinete de lectura, la evolución histórica de otros catálogos de la época, y el análisis estadístico de los títulos ofrecidos en venta. A continuación se realiza un estudio cualitativo de la colección, basándose en las 'marcas' dejadas por un lector de la época. Finalmente se elabora un catálogo razonado que comprende 508 asientos bibliográficos. El artículo se cierra con un conjunto de conclusiones. Se considera la importancia de este impreso en el ámbito de la historia de la lectura y de sus prácticas.The aim of this work is to give to know one of the older printings edited by a Buenos Aires bookshop at the beginning of the 19th century: "The Catalog of Duportail Hermanos Bookshop" (1829. The booklet is analyzed from different approaches. Firstly, the theoretical frame of this kind of study is analyzed. Afterwards, the bookselling activity of that time, the cultural context, and the development of that bookshop is browsed. Secondly, the following subjects are discussed: the presence of a reading room, the historical evolution of other catalogs of that time, and the statistical analysis of the publications for sale. Then, a qualitative study of the collection is performed, based on the "notes" left by a reader of those days. Finally, a classified catalog is created with 508 bibliographic entries. The article is finished with a number of conclusions. The importance of this printing in

  13. El orden y la memoria en una librería porteña de 1829: El Catálogo de la Librería Duportail Hermanos = The order and memory of a bookshop in Buenos Aires in 1829: The Catalog of Duportail Hermanos Bookshop

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    Alejandro E. Parada


    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es dar a conocer uno de los impresos más antiguos que fuera editado por una librería de Buenos Aires en el primer tercio del siglo XIX: el ‘Catálogo de la Librería de Duportail Hermanos’ (1829. El folleto se analiza a partir de distintas aproximaciones. En primer término se estudia el marco teórico de esta clase de estudios. Luego se pasa revista al comercio librero de ese entonces, al contexto cultural, y al desarrollo de dicha Librería. En un segundo momento se abordan los temas siguientes: la presencia de un gabinete de lectura, la evolución histórica de otros catálogos de la época, y el análisis estadístico de los títulos ofrecidos en venta. A continuación se realiza un estudio cualitativo de la colección, basándose en las ‘marcas’ dejadas por un lector de la época. Finalmente se elabora un catálogo razonado que comprende 508 asientos bibliográficos. El artículo se cierra con un conjunto de conclusiones. Se considera la importancia de este impreso en el ámbito de la historia de la lectura y de sus prácticas = The aim of this work is to give to know one of the older printings edited by a Buenos Aires bookshop at the beginning of the 19th century: “The Catalog of Duportail Hermanos Bookshop” (1829. The booklet is analyzed from different approaches. Firstly, the theoretical frame of this kind of study is analyzed. Afterwards, the bookselling activity of that time, the cultural context, and the development of that bookshop is browsed. Secondly, the following subjects are discussed: the presence of a reading room, the historical evolution of other catalogs of that time, and the statistical analysis of the publications for sale. Then, a qualitative study of the collection is performed, based on the “notes” left by a reader of those days. Finally, a classified catalog is created with 508 bibliographic entries. The article is finished with a number of conclusions. The importance of

  14. De Paris à Lyon. Les mutations éditoriales du «Lancelot du Lac»

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    Gaëlle Burg


    Full Text Available Lancelot du Lac est le premier roman arthurien imprimé à la Renais­sance. Dans sa première édition parue en 1488, qui réunit deux imprimeurs (Jean Le Bourgeois à Rouen et Jean Du Pré à Paris, un découpage et un prologue inédits sont ajoutés par le remanieur. Le texte sera réédité six fois par divers imprimeurs-libraires parisiens jusqu’en 1533. L’édition de luxe d’Antoine Vérard (1494, destinée au roi Charles VIII, présente d’importantes modifications effectuées dans un but commercial. Après une longue période d’accalmie qui signe le début du déclin de la vogue des romans de chevalerie médiévaux, Benoît Rigaud publie à Lyon, sous une forme considérablement abrégée, la dernière édition connue du Lancelot au XVIe siècle (1591. Si elle ne présente que peu d’intérêt littéraire, elle apporte cependant des informations concernant les pratiques éditoriales et les goûts du  lecteur de la fin du XVIe siècle. De Paris à Lyon, entre renaissance et déclin, le parcours éditorial d’un incontournable roman arthurien.Lancelot du Lac is the editio princeps of an Arthurian romance in Renaissance France. The first edition in 1488, which brings together two printers (Jean Le Bourgeois from Rouen and Jean Du Pré from Paris, offers original arrangement and prologue added by the compositor. The text will be published six times by various printers and booksellers in Paris until 1533. The luxurious edition from Antoine Vérard (1494 dedicated to King Charles VIII provides interesting transformations in commercial purposes. After a long time without edition, showing the beginning of chivalry literature’s decline, Benoît Rigaud publish in Lyon, in a greatly abbreviated form, the last known edition of Lancelot in the XVIth century (1591. If it presents no literary interest, it provides nevertheless informations about editorial practices and reader’s tastes from the end of Renaissance France. From Paris to

  15. Quand la liberté de lire est menacée : la lutte de la Campaign for Reader Privacy contre l’article 215 de la loi USA PATRIOT.

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    Cécile Cottenet


    Full Text Available De nombreuses associations et mouvements militant pour les libertés individuelles se sont créés ou consolidés au lendemain des attentats du 11 septembre 2001, après le passage de la loi USA PATRIOT. L’un de ces mouvements, porté par les acteurs du monde du livre — libraires, bibliothécaires, éditeurs, écrivains — a très rapidement vu le danger d’une loi permettant l’intrusion de l’Etat dans la vie privée. Cette coalition, sous la bannière Campaign for Reader Privacy, a choisi pour cible l’article 215 de la loi, et mis en œuvre un véritable réseau de militants afin que celui-ci soit amendé et que soit rétabli la protection de la confidentialité des lectures des Américains. Cet article se propose d’examiner les enjeux qui ont fédéré les membres de cette coalition, et d’éclairer la nécessité impérieuse qui a poussé ces associations à se battre jusque dans les couloirs du Congrès pour le droit à la confidentialité de l’information.Many associations and movements for the defense of individual liberties have emerged or grown in the wake of 9/11 and the passing of the USA PATRIOT Act. One of these movements, led by actors of the book industry—booksellers, librarians, publishers, writers—rapidly saw the danger of an act that authorizes the government to intrude into private lives. Under the banner “Campaign for Reader Privacy”, this coalition has chosen to target section 215 of the USA PATRIOT Act. In order to amend this section and to restore the protection of the privacy of Americans’ readings, it has developed a network of militants. This article examines the reasons that pushed the different associations to coalesce and tries to shed some light on the imperious necessity to fight for a fundamental right in American life, the privacy of personal information.

  16. Translation and Evolution: The Historical Transmission of Culture through Artificial Selection

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    Davi S. Gonçalves


    efficient when a powerful, authoritarian chief forces the acceptance of an innovation” (Cavalli-Sforza, 182, our contemporary “authoritarian chief forces” have been shaping cultural evolution through translation by deciding what discourses deserve full attention and what are the ones that should be marginalised – generally for threatening what is designed to be taken for granted. The economy of book-selling does not depend on “improving” human culture but on reinforcing anything it might already have taken as natural – notwithstanding its possible and probable ideological, social, and political drawbacks for human cultural evolution in the long-term picture. It seems that any dispassionate and unprejudiced conceptualisation of both genetic and cultural evolution is liable to call for a research tool capable of surpassing mistaken assumptions on supposed evolutionary superiorities and inferiorities – e.g. Hitler’s repulsive appropriation of Darwin’s concept of the survival of the fittest. In this sense I can only hope this article to become one more piece for the panorama of cultural transmission through translation in the process of cultural evolution to be ultimately devised.

  17. Commercial Eldorado?

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    Rosemarijn Hoefte


    .90 Ma Rochelle passée, Welkom El Dorado: Surinaamse historische roman. CYNTHIA MC LEOD. Schoorl: Conserve, 1996. 277 pp. (Paper NLG 39.95 Gewaagd leven. ASTRID H. ROEMER. Amsterdam: Arbeiderspers, 1996. 239 pp. (Paper NLG 29.90 Each year in March an organization with the rather awkward name Collectieve Propaganda voor het Nederlandse Boek (Collective Propaganda for Dutch Books, CPNB organizes the Dutch national Book Week around a unifying idea. The theme for 1996 was "Eternal Eldorado: Literature from Latin America and the Caribbean." Even though many booksellers expressed their disappointment with this subject, arguing that the Latin American literary boom had long passed, publishers were not deterred. A great number of publications on Latin America and particularly the (Dutch Caribbean appeared. Some of these books would have been published anyway and now could take advantage of all the accompanying media publicity, others were produced expressly with the Eldorado theme in mind.

  18. Foreword – Upon the Twentieth Anniversary of the Hong Kong Handover: An Update on State-Civil Societal Relations

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    Emile Kok-Kheng Yeoh


    Full Text Available 1st July 2017 is the twentieth anniversary of the handover of Hong Kong by Great Britain to the People’s Republic of China, thus ending 156 years of British Crown rule (from 1841 to 1997, though from 1941 to 1945 it was actually under the Japanese occupation. Then on 28th September 2014 a surprised sociopolitical event erupted that arguably marked a most important milestone in Hong Kong’s post-1997 development when pro-democracy protestors occupied the Admiralty, Causeway Bay, Mong Kok and Tsim Sha Tsui areas of Hong Kong. This momentous campaign, dubbed by the world media as the “Umbrella Movement”, was initially planned out earlier by the “Occupy Central with Love and Peace” (OCLP movement, but launched earlier than scheduled when overtaken by the development of events, metamorphosised into unprecedented scale of demonstrations in multiple locations. One can of course argue that the post-Mao China has changed so much, and that the economic success brought about by ditching Maoist central command economy for rugged capitalist market economy has legitimised the CCP’s continued monopoly of political power, but how would one explain the reaction of the Hong Kong people, especially the major part of the intelligentsia and the younger generation – that fear for and that distaste towards the CCP regime? How would one explain their reaction towards the death of persecuted dissidents, be they Li Wangyang, Cao Shunli or Liu Xiaobo, and towards Beijing’s creeping authoritarian intervention in Hong Kong’s governance, be it introduction of brainwashing school curriculum extoling the CCP, time-and-again interpretation of the Basic Law, or kidnapping of Hong Kong booksellers and publishers? How would one explain the eruption of 2014’s Occupy Campaign a.k.a. Umbrella Movement? It is to answer such questions and to delve analytically into the complex State-civil societal relations twenty years after the Handover, background of determining

  19. E-Book Discovery and Use Behaviour is Complex. A review of: Rowland, Ian, David Nicholas, Hamid R. Jamali, and Paul Huntington. “What do Faculty and Students Really Think about E-books?” Aslib Proceedings: New Information Perspectives; 59.6 (2007: 489-511.

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    Suzanne Lewis


    behaviour emerging from this study, will be of interest to publishers, booksellers and libraries.