WorldWideScience

Sample records for bonsai

  1. Creation of Lingnan Bonsai%岭南盆景创作浅谈

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢荣耀

    2015-01-01

    Lingnan bonsai art has its own skill requirements and laws. The creative processes generally include selection, design (composition), cut, modeling and so on. Every process has specific requirements and rules. Only by understanding and mastering these requirements and rules, people can create a successful work.%岭南盆景艺术创作有自己的技艺要求和规律。其创作过程一般包括选材、构思(构图)、剪裁、造型等多个环节。每个环节和过程又有特定的要求和规则。只有掌握好这些要求和规则,才能创作出一盆成功的作品。

  2. Research on Winter Sweet Arrangement and Bonsai Making%蜡梅插花及盆景制作研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王淼博

    2015-01-01

    Winter sweet is China’s traditional famous flowers,whose arrangement and bonsai making that are deeply loved by the public and of significant value.In this paper,according to the field investigation and literature analysis,the arrangement of winter sweet can be summa-rized into three forms (single arrangement,bunch arrangement and pair arrangement)and three commonly used methods of bonsai making (the little potted winter sweet,the molding winter sweet,and the old stake winter sweet).Finally,the author generalizes existing problems and the corresponding recommendations,such as by using ant staling agent to increase the time bound of winter sweet bonsai.The paper can give some references for winter sweet arrangement and bonsai making.%蜡梅(wintersweet)是中国的传统名花,蜡梅插花及蜡梅盆景深受大众喜爱,具有较高的研究价值。通过对蜡梅插花及蜡梅盆景实地调研和文献分析,归纳出蜡梅插花的三种形式为单插、束插和配插,蜡梅盆景有小盆栽蜡梅、造型蜡梅和古桩蜡梅三种类型,针对蜡梅插花花期短等问题,提出了研制增加蜡梅插花时限的制剂等相应措施,也提出了蜡梅盆景资源合理利用的建议,对蜡梅插花和盆景制作有一定的借鉴指导作用。

  3. "盆景式"微型绿地的应用与创作%Creation and design about "Bonsai Style" micro greenland

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽霞; 肖建忠; 向地英; 邸葆

    2009-01-01

    Micro greenland is a absolutely necessary composing component of the urban landscape and greenland, and plays an important role in urban greening. Now micro greenland embodies a lot of new characteristics no matter the forms or the contents, and shows diversity development trend. It is a novel method which designs micro greenland with design method of bonsai, and it combines the advantages of the garden art and bonsai art, which has inheritance and development to traditional bonsai art in our country. It becomes the research direction about how to refer the artistic techniques of bonsai art, and makes it combine better with garden landscaping.%微型绿地是城市园林绿地中必不可少的一项重要组成部分,在城市绿化中扮演着重要的角色.如今微型绿地无论从功能上还是形式上都体现许多新的特点,并呈现多元化的发展趋势.借鉴盆景手法创作微型绿地就是其中一种新颖的创作微型绿地的方法,它同时结合中国盆景艺术和园林艺术的优势,是对我国盆景艺术的继承与发展,也是园林造景的创新.介绍了如何借鉴盆景创作的艺术手法,使之更好的与园林造景相结合.

  4. LimsPortal and BonsaiLIMS: development of a lab information management system for translational medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afzal Vackar

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Laboratory Information Management Systems (LIMS are an increasingly important part of modern laboratory infrastructure. As typically very sophisticated software products, LIMS often require considerable resources to select, deploy and maintain. Larger organisations may have access to specialist IT support to assist with requirements elicitation and software customisation, however smaller groups will often have limited IT support to perform the kind of iterative development that can resolve the difficulties that biologists often have when specifying requirements. Translational medicine aims to accelerate the process of treatment discovery by bringing together multiple disciplines to discover new approaches to treating disease, or novel applications of existing treatments. The diverse set of disciplines and complexity of processing procedures involved, especially with the use of high throughput technologies, bring difficulties in customizing a generic LIMS to provide a single system for managing sample related data within a translational medicine research setting, especially where limited IT support is available. Results We have designed and developed a LIMS, BonsaiLIMS, around a very simple data model that can be easily implemented using a variety of technologies, and can be easily extended as specific requirements dictate. A reference implementation using Oracle 11 g database and the Python framework, Django is presented. Conclusions By focusing on a minimal feature set and a modular design we have been able to deploy the BonsaiLIMS system very quickly. The benefits to our institute have been the avoidance of the prolonged implementation timescales, budget overruns, scope creep, off-specifications and user fatigue issues that typify many enterprise software implementations. The transition away from using local, uncontrolled records in spreadsheet and paper formats to a centrally held, secured and backed-up database brings the

  5. LimsPortal and BonsaiLIMS: development of a lab information management system for translational medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Background Laboratory Information Management Systems (LIMS) are an increasingly important part of modern laboratory infrastructure. As typically very sophisticated software products, LIMS often require considerable resources to select, deploy and maintain. Larger organisations may have access to specialist IT support to assist with requirements elicitation and software customisation, however smaller groups will often have limited IT support to perform the kind of iterative development that can resolve the difficulties that biologists often have when specifying requirements. Translational medicine aims to accelerate the process of treatment discovery by bringing together multiple disciplines to discover new approaches to treating disease, or novel applications of existing treatments. The diverse set of disciplines and complexity of processing procedures involved, especially with the use of high throughput technologies, bring difficulties in customizing a generic LIMS to provide a single system for managing sample related data within a translational medicine research setting, especially where limited IT support is available. Results We have designed and developed a LIMS, BonsaiLIMS, around a very simple data model that can be easily implemented using a variety of technologies, and can be easily extended as specific requirements dictate. A reference implementation using Oracle 11 g database and the Python framework, Django is presented. Conclusions By focusing on a minimal feature set and a modular design we have been able to deploy the BonsaiLIMS system very quickly. The benefits to our institute have been the avoidance of the prolonged implementation timescales, budget overruns, scope creep, off-specifications and user fatigue issues that typify many enterprise software implementations. The transition away from using local, uncontrolled records in spreadsheet and paper formats to a centrally held, secured and backed-up database brings the immediate benefits of

  6. 峄城石榴盆景、盆栽产业概况与发展对策%General Situation of Yicheng Pomegranate Bonsai Industry and Its Development Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郝兆祥; 侯乐峰; 丁志强

    2015-01-01

    作为国内生产规模最大、水平最高的石榴盆景、盆栽基地,山东峄城的石榴盆景、盆栽产业取得了较大成就。为了进一步促进产业发展,本文系统介绍了峄城石榴盆景、盆栽的栽培历史、产业现状,分析了目前产业发展中存在的突出问题,并提出了可持续发展思路及建议措施。%As the production base of pomegranate bonsai with the largest production scale and the highest level in China , Yicheng in Shandong Province had obtained larger achievements in pomegranate bonsai indus-try.To promote this industry development , the cultivation history and industry status of Yicheng pomegranate bonsai were introduced systematically , and the prominent problems present in the development of this industry now were analyzed in this paper .The sustainable developing ideas and suggested countermeasures were put forward, too.

  7. On the Construction Management Characteristics of Weihai Bonsai Garden Landscape Project%浅析威海盆景园园林景观工程施工管理特点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赛洪涛

    2013-01-01

    本文对威海盆景园园林景观工程施工管理进行了简单的介绍,对工程施工管理中存在设计变更的频繁性、施工管理的复杂性、施工艺术再创造性、施工管理系统性等特点进行了探讨与分析。%This article briefly introduces the construction management of Weihai Bonsai garden landscape project and discusses the characteristics of the project construction management including frequent design changes, complicated construction management, recreation of construction technique and systematicness of management.

  8. Bonsai: A GPU Tree-Code

    CERN Document Server

    Bédorf, Jeroen; Zwart, Simon Portegies

    2012-01-01

    We present a gravitational hierarchical N-body code that is designed to run efficiently on Graphics Processing Units (GPUs). All parts of the algorithm are executed on the GPU which eliminates the need for data transfer between the Central Processing Unit (CPU) and the GPU. Our tests indicate that the gravitational tree-code outperforms tuned CPU code for all parts of the algorithm and show an overall performance improvement of more than a factor 20, resulting in a processing rate of more than 2.8 million particles per second.

  9. Boosting bonsai trees for efficient features combination : application to speaker role identification

    OpenAIRE

    Laurent, Antoine; Camelin, Nathalie; Raymond, Christian

    2014-01-01

    In this article, we tackle the problem of speaker role detection from broadcast news shows. In the literature, many proposed solutions are based on the combination of various features coming from acoustic, lexical and semantic information with a machine learning algorithm. Many previous studies mention the use of boosting over decision stumps to combine efficiently these features. In this work, we propose a modification of this state-of-the-art machine learning algorithm changing the weak lea...

  10. The bonsai and the gardener: using flow data to better assess financial sector leverage

    OpenAIRE

    Javier Villar Burke

    2013-01-01

    This paper discusses the concept of leverage, its components and how to measure and monitor it. It proposes an innovative approach to assessing leverage based on flows using the concept of a marginal leverage ratio, which reveals the leverage related to new activities, as a valuable supplement to the traditional absolute leverage ratio. The marginal leverage ratio can be used as an early warning tool to signal potential episodes of excessive leverage and to understand if, and how, banks delev...

  11. Scientific Opinion on a technical file submitted by the Japanese Authorities to support a derogation request from the EU import requirements for bonsai and topiary trees that are host plants of Anoplophora chinensis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baker, R.; Candresse, T.; Dormannsné Simon, E.;

    2010-01-01

    of spread of citrus canker through the fruit pathway. Some data provided in the APHIS-USDA documents support that citrus fruit remain a conceptually possible pathway for transmitting and establishing citrus canker disease. The PLH Panel agrees that transmission of Xcc from infected fruit to a susceptible......Following a request from the EU Commission, the EFSA PLH Panel conducted a scientific opinion on risk analysis and supporting documents provided by APHIS/USDA in support of the request to remove the Union's plant health import requirement that citrus fruit imported into the EU be sourced from...... groves where, since the beginning of the last cycle of vegetation no symptoms of citrus canker were observed, neither in their vicinities. The PHL Panel concluded that the transmission of Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri (Xcc) on asymptomatic citrus fruit was more likely when the fruit were collected from...

  12. 宁波地区主要出口盆景及盆栽线虫种类调查及防控对策%The Investigation on Types of Nematode and Main Export Bonsai in Ningbo Regions and Preventative Measures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王江岭; 顾建锋; 陈先锋; 焦猛; 李玉祥

    2010-01-01

    [目的]摸清宁波地区盆景线虫种类,以有针对性地进行线虫防控.[方法]2005~2008年,对宁波市3家主要盆景出口企业及周边的29种主要出口盆景及盆栽植物的根际土壤、栽培介质和根组织进行线虫种类调查,共采集样品142份.[结果]分离并鉴定线虫12属,发现了剑线虫属(Xiphinema sp.)、长针属(Longidorus sp.)、短体属(Pratylenehus sp.)、毛刺属(Trichodorus sp.)和拟毛刺属(Paratrichodorus sp.)等检疫性线虫,未发现根结线虫属.提出了线虫防控措施.[结论]宁波盆景线虫种类较多,盆景出口前需要综合治理,以确保顺利出口.

  13. An Evaluation of OCLC's EPIC as a Resource for Subject Access to Videos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Joseph W.

    1992-01-01

    An examination of OCLC's EPIC service and standard video reference tools revealed that EPIC was more comprehensive in finding video titles on the popular or specialized topics of bonsai, genealogy, karate, and holography, because of its keyword searching ability on the massive OCLC database. (11 references) (EA)

  14. Suitable utilization of woody plants for hibitation on Mars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomita-Yokotani, Kaori; Baba, Keiichi; Suzuki, Toshisada; Kimura, Shunta; Sato, Seigo; Katoh, Hiroshi; Abe, Yusuke; Katayama, Takeshi

    2016-07-01

    We have been investigating the usefulness of woody plants for habitation on Mars. During our research, we have found that woody plants have several properties which can be utilized for therapy and materials for enrage and construction even on Mars. Japanese people traditionally believe that "Bonsai" have therapeudic properties. Trees can become carbon fuel which can be used as energy on Mars. Tree materials could be used as a tool in closed bio-ecosystems such as for the purification and/or separation of solutions in an environment in space. Here, we will show some results of their abilities, the water leakage and vacuum seal test, separation of solutions using carbon materials made from trees. At the initiation of this research, we named the trees used as material for the experiment related to space environments "CosmoBon", small bonsai tree. To establish our research, as the first step, we will try to do the experiment using "CosmoBon".

  15. Examination of seed characters of Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight & Arn. as potentially applicable species in Serbia under climate change conditions

    OpenAIRE

    Grbić Mihailo; Skočajić Dragana; Đukić Matilda; Đunisijević-Bojović Danijela; Marković Marija

    2014-01-01

    Seeds of sweet acacia (Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Wight & Arn.) were mechanically scarified and treated with concentrated sulfuric acid in order to determine the permeability degree of the seed coat. The obtained results suggest a stronger form of seed coat dormancy that prevents potential invasiveness after introduction. The species is recommended for limited cultivation in outdoor conditions and unlimited use in interior spaces as full size or bonsai trees...

  16. My Cares in the World

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    1 I had lived at Shuiguo Lake in Wuhan for several years, when one day a wasp flew on my balcony. I was sitting there, reading my newspaper. Because I had been stung by wasps many times during my childhood, I had a lingering fear of wasps. I hurried to cover my face with the newspaper, but the wasp flew’ unharmed onto my bonsai. I looked at it quietly and it also looked at me. Then it stuck up its tail and lowered its head to drink from the pot. Once it

  17. Examination of seed characters of Vachellia farnesiana (L. Wight & Arn. as potentially applicable species in Serbia under climate change conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grbić Mihailo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Seeds of sweet acacia (Vachellia farnesiana (L. Wight & Arn. were mechanically scarified and treated with concentrated sulfuric acid in order to determine the permeability degree of the seed coat. The obtained results suggest a stronger form of seed coat dormancy that prevents potential invasiveness after introduction. The species is recommended for limited cultivation in outdoor conditions and unlimited use in interior spaces as full size or bonsai trees. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 43007: Istraživanje klimatskih promena i njihovog uticaja na životnu sredinu: praćenje uticaja, adaptacija i ublažavanje

  18. Wound-induced endogenous jasmonates stunt plant growth by inhibiting mitosis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi Zhang

    Full Text Available When plants are repeatedly injured their growth is stunted and the size of organs such as leaves is greatly reduced. The basis of this effect is not well-understood however, even though it reduces yield of crops injured by herbivory, and produces dramatic effects exemplified in ornamental bonsai plants. We have investigated the genetic and physiological basis of this "bonsai effect" by repeatedly wounding leaves of the model plant Arabidopsis. This treatment stunted growth by 50% and increased the endogenous content of jasmonate (JA, a growth inhibitor, by seven-fold. Significantly, repeated wounding did not stunt the growth of the leaves of mutants unable to synthesise JA, or unable to respond to JA including coi1, jai3, myc2, but not jar1. The stunted growth did not result from reduced cell size, but resulted instead from reduced cell number, and was associated with reduced expression of CycB1;2. Wounding caused systemic disappearance of constitutively expressed JAZ1::GUS. Wounding also activates plant immunity. We show that a gene, 12-oxo-phytodienoate reductase, which catalyses a step in JA biosynthesis, and which we confirm is not required for defence, is however required for wound-induced stunting. Our data suggest that intermediates in the JA biosynthetic pathway activate defence, but a primary function of wound-induced JA is to stunt growth through the suppression of mitosis.

  19. Gibberellin-Regulation and Genetic Variations in Leaf Elongation for Tall Fescue in Association with Differential Gene Expression Controlling Cell Expansion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Qian; Krishnan, Sanalkumar; Merewitz, Emily; Xu, Jichen; Huang, Bingru

    2016-01-01

    Leaf elongation rate (LER) is an important factor controlling plant growth and productivity. The objective of this study was to determine whether genetic variation in LER for a fast-growing ('K-31'), and a dwarf cultivar ('Bonsai') of tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) and gibberellic acid (GA) regulation of LER were associated with differential expression of cell-expansion genes. Plants were treated with GA3, trinexapac-ethyl (TE) (GA inhibitor), or water (untreated control) in a hydroponic system. LER of 'K-31' was 63% greater than that of 'Bonsai', which corresponded with 32% higher endogenous GA4 content in leaf and greater cell elongation and production rates under the untreated control condition. Exogenous application of GA3 significantly enhanced LER while TE treatment inhibited leaf elongation due to GA3-stimulation or TE-inhibition of cell elongation and production rate in leaves for both cultivars. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis revealed that three α-expansins, one β-expansin, and three xyloglucan endotransglycosylase (XET) genes were associated with GA-stimulation of leaf elongation, of which, the differential expression of EXPA4 and EXPA7 was related to the genotypic variation in LER of two cultivars. Those differentially-expressed expansin and XET genes could play major roles in genetic variation and GA-regulated leaf elongation in tall fescue. PMID:27457585

  20. Performance analysis of parallel gravitational N-body codes on large GPU clusters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We compare the performance of two very different parallel gravitational N-body codes for astrophysical simulations on large Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) clusters, both of which are pioneers in their own fields as well as on certain mutual scales - NBODY6++ and Bonsai. We carry out benchmarks of the two codes by analyzing their performance, accuracy and efficiency through the modeling of structure decomposition and timing measurements. We find that both codes are heavily optimized to leverage the computational potential of GPUs as their performance has approached half of the maximum single precision performance of the underlying GPU cards. With such performance we predict that a speed-up of 200 – 300 can be achieved when up to 1k processors and GPUs are employed simultaneously. We discuss the quantitative information about comparisons of the two codes, finding that in the same cases Bonsai adopts larger time steps as well as larger relative energy errors than NBODY6++, typically ranging from 10 – 50 times larger, depending on the chosen parameters of the codes. Although the two codes are built for different astrophysical applications, in specified conditions they may overlap in performance at certain physical scales, thus allowing the user to choose either one by fine-tuning parameters accordingly. (paper)

  1. Bases on the Family, Inquired about the Green and the Humanities Idea Integrated the Life Siqnificance%立足于家探寻绿色、人文理念融入生活的意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王爱国

    2011-01-01

    该文从生活实践出发,探讨了在"家"空间的经营利用与日常维护中,依托人对家的特殊而深刻细致的情感基础,运用空间处理及盆栽绿化等具有较好的可操作性的手段,并结合生活行为的调整,挖掘普通住宅室内空间品质的巨大潜力.%This article embarks from the author own life practice, discusses “the family" in the spatial management use and the routine maintenance, depends on the person opposite party special and the profound careful emotion foundation, and so on hasthe good feasibility method using the spatial processing and the bonsai plantes, and unified the life behavior the adjustment, the improvement ordinary housing indoor space quality great potential.

  2. Chemical Constituents from the Branches of Carpinus turczaninowii with Antioxidative Activities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ko, Ha Na; Kim, Jung Mi; Bu, Hee Jung; Lee, Nam Ho [Jeju National Univ., Jeju (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-08-15

    Eight compounds were identified in ethanol extracts prepared from the branches of C. turczaninowii. The compounds, besides 5 and 6, were isolated for the first time from this woody plant. Pyracrenic acid (4) and quercitrin (8) showed potent DPPH free radical scavenging activities with SC{sub 50} values of 55.2 and 62.4 μM, respectively, where ascorbic acid (SC{sub 50} 43.5 μM) was used as a positive control. Compounds 4, 5, 6 and 8 showed strong activities in ABTS{sup +} radical scavenging assay, with SC{sub 50} values of 34.1, 42.1, 45.8 and 29.6 μM, respectively. These activities are comparable in potency to ascorbic acid (SC{sub 50} 31.6 μM). Based on these results, C. turczaninowii extracts are expected to be useful antioxidative agents, potentially applicable in food or cosmetic industries, based on the results of further studies. Korean hornbeam Carpinus turczaninowii is a deciduous woody plant belonging to the family Betulaceae. This flora is endemic to Korea, and can reach a height of 15 m. In the autumn, the fallen leaves of C. turczaninowii display a beautiful orange-red color and the tree is commonly used for bonsai in Korea. The wood is very hard, dense and fine textured, and has been used for making agricultural tools and furniture. Previous chemical investigation on this plant indicated only the existence of flavonoids such as naringenin and quercetin glycosides from the leaves. We have recently reported the isolation diarylheptanoids possessing anti-inflammatory activities from the ethanol extract of C. turczaninowii.

  3. Study on Miniascape Type Household Domestic Sewage Treatment%单户型家庭生活污水盆景式处理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周强; 黄维菊; 史才义; 田焘; 邱洪瑜; 宋舟航

    2011-01-01

    单户型家庭生活污水盆景式处理是以人工湿地为基础的分散式废水处理方法。通过接近1年的试验对其净水效果进行研究,结果表明,它对化学需氧量(CODCr)、生物需氧量(BOD5)、氨氮(NH3-N)、总磷(TP)、总固体悬浮物(TSS)的去除率可分别达到92.72%、96.28%、79.06%、85.11%、95.83%。出水水质分别达到33.8mg/L、19.2mg/L、0.8 mg/L、0.7 mg/L、8 mg/L,基本符合国家一级排放标准,部分指标如BOD5、NH3-N等甚至可以达到或优于城市生活杂用水水质标准。同时它也可以作为室内盆景用水,起到美化环境净化空气的作用。%Miniascape Type Household Domestic Sewage Treatment belongs to decentralized treatment based on constructed wetlands.A test of water purification was conducted for nearly one.The results showed that the removals of CODcr,BOD5,NH3-N,TP and TSS reached 92.72%,89.57%,79.06%,85.11% and 95.83% respectively;and the effluent quality were 33.8mg/L,19.2 mg/L,0.8 mg/L,0.7 mg/L and 8 mg/L respectively,which meet the first class of the national wastewater discharge standard and some indicators such as BOD5 and NH3-N reached the undrinkable water quality standard or better.Additionally,it can also act as a bonsai to beautify the indoor environment and clean indoor air.

  4. Economics of Distance and Online Learning Theory, Practice and Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    reviewed by TOJDE

    2009-10-01

    Learning: The Role of Embedded Learning inCreating a Competitive Workforce, Jade Nguyen Strattner and Diana OblingerSECTION SIX: OPEN AND VIRTUAL SCHOOLINGChapter 13: Open Basic Education: Organizational Structures, Costs and Benefits,Palitha EdirisinghaSECTION SEVEN: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENTChapter 14: From Baobab to Bonsai: Revisiting Methodological Issues in the Costs andEconomics of Distance Education and Distributed e-Learning, Thomas HülsmannSECTION EIGHT: EPILOGUEChapter 15: Implications for Planning and Management of Distance and On-lineLearning, William Bramble and Santosh Panda

  5. 花草鱼虫智能生态一体机设计与开发%Design and Development of Intelligent and Ecological Machine for the Flowers and Fish

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨心齐; 刘健; 邓荣涛; 田腾飞; 贾晓磊

    2015-01-01

    随着经济的飞速发展,人们对生活品质的追求愈加重视,水族鱼虫、花草盆景、外出旅游等都成为人们不可缺少的生活乐趣,随之而来的问题是,在家人外出旅游期间,花草鱼虫由谁来照顾。本文研究内容即以HT66FU50单片机为主控芯片,同时结合传感器技术、物联网技术,设计一套将鱼虫换水、喂食、供氧等与花草浇水、施肥、光照等有机结合,养鱼的水中富含植物生长需要的养料,所以排出的水用来浇花草,既可以满足植物对水分的需要,又可以满足植物生长对养分的需求,实现相互补给的生态一体智能控制系统。%With the rapid growth of economy,people pay more and more attention to the pursuit of the quality of life. Feeding aquarium fish and insects,enjoying the flowers and bonsai,travelling and so on are having become a kind of indispensable fun in people’s lives. The attendant issue is that who will take care of these flowers and fish during the period of family travel. A kind of intelligent and ecological machine is proposed in this paper, which chooses HT66FU50 single-chip microcomputer as the main control chip. Many functions are realized, such as feeding, oxygen supply, changing water for fish and watering, fertilizing, providing illumination for flowers though combining sensor technology and the Internet of things technology. The discharged water from fishbowl is used to water flowers, which can both meet the needs of flowers for moisture and nutrients. The system designed is a set of intelligent and ecological system which can achieve mutual recharge.

  6. First report of the land planarian Diversibipalium multilineatum (Makino & Shirasawa, 1983) (Platyhelminthes, Tricladida, Continenticola) in Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazza, Giuseppe; Menchetti, Mattia; Sluys, Ronald; Solà, Eduard; Riutort, Marta; Tricarico, Elena; Justine, Jean-Lou; Cavigioli, Luca; Mori, Emiliano

    2016-01-01

    Introduction of alien species may significantly affect soil ecosystems, through predation or disruption of components of native ecosystems (Winsor et al. 2004; Álvarez-Presas et al. 2014; Justine et al. 2014). Land planarians have been reported as alien species in soils throughout the world and, among those, some species are considered to be successful invaders, e.g. Platydemus manokwari de Beauchamp, 1963, Arthurdendyus triangulatus (Dendy, 1894), Bipalium adventitium Hyman, 1943, Bipalium kewense Moseley, 1878 and Dolichoplana striata Moseley, 1877 (Winsor et al. 2004; Álvarez-Presas et al. 2014; Justine et al. 2014, 2015). Soil moisture status seems to be an important element for their successful invasion (Fraser & Boag 1998). In Europe at least 18 species of alien land planarians have been recorded since now and some of them are considered as invasive ones, e.g. P. manokwari (cf. Justine et al. 2014). Although the alien land planarian B. kewense has been reported to occur in many greenhouses in Italy (Bello et al. 1995), no data are available on its establishment and/or impact on natural environments. On 28th September 2014, 20 specimens (~1 individual/m2) of the land planarian Diversibipalium multilineatum (Makino & Shirasawa, 1983) (Fig. 1), native to Japan, were collected under pots, branches and plastic materials in a private garden located in the center of Bologna (Emilia Romagna, Central Italy), near the urban park Giardini Margherita (44°29' N, 11°21' E; WGS84). Thirty plant species (both indigenous and alien), mainly cultivated as bonsai (e.g. Lagerstroemia indica L., Juniperus procumbens (Siebold ex Endl.) Miquel), were present in this shady, wet garden (25 m2). Between March 2014 and June 2015, 70 more specimens of D. multilineatum were collected at the same site, mainly at dusk and dawn after rain. Reproduction by fission and regeneration processes were observed in several of those specimens, which were kept for some time in captivity. A specimen

  7. Screening,identification and antibacterial activity of antagonistic bacteria FC12-05 against phytophthora root rot of tomato%番茄疫霉根腐病拮抗细菌FC12-05的筛选、鉴定及其抑菌活性初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯志珍; 李金岭; 陈太春; 马志远; 段军娜; 安德荣

    2012-01-01

    【Objective】 The strong effective biocontrol bacteria for phytophthora root rot of tomato were selected from greenhouse tomato farming soil for several years.【Method】 Random samples were conducted from greenhouse tomato farming soil for many years,separated the bacteria used plant dilute,selected directionally with several fungal pathogens such as P.capsici Leonian,Botrytis cirerea,Phytophthora nicotianae,Bipolaris sorokiniana,Fusarium oxysporum f.sp.vasinfectum,Pyricularia oryzae as the indicator bacteria;We identified the antagonistic bacteria based on morphological,physiological and biochemical characteristics,and 16S rDNA phylogenetic analysis;determined the effect of the mycelial configurationthe of pathogenic fungi,the mycelium growth of pathogenic fungi,the spore germination on pathogenic fungi spores broth germination and the control efficacy of bonsai experiment in greenhouse with the sterile fermentation of antagonistic bacteria.Then we deposited the sterile fermentation of antagonistic bacteria with ammonium sulfatem,which saturation concentration respectively was 10%,20%,25%,30%,35%,40%,50%,60%,70%,80%,90% and 100%,and tested the antifungal activity of ammonium sulfate precipitation of the antagonists.【Result】 253 strains bacterium were isolated from 30 soil samples,FC12-05,a strong effect of bacterial on Phytophthora capsici Leonian,Botrytis cirerea,Phytophthora nicotianae,Bipolaris sorokiniana,Fusarium oxysporum f.sp.vasinfectum,Pyricularia oryzae;The strain FC12-05 was identified as Bacillus siamensis.The fermented liquid of strain FC12-05 had great inhibition effect on mycelium growth of P.capsici Leonian and Botrytis cinerea,the inhibition rate of mycelium growth was 95.02% and 92.43%;the EC50 values was 10.14 and 10.78 mL/L;the inhibition rate of spore germination was 94.60% and 92.43%;the EC50 values was 2.09 and 2.53 mL/L;the control effect of FC12-05 strain on phytophthora root rot of tomato was up to 93.50%;The antifungal metabolite

  8. First report of the land planarian Diversibipalium multilineatum (Makino & Shirasawa, 1983) (Platyhelminthes, Tricladida, Continenticola) in Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazza, Giuseppe; Menchetti, Mattia; Sluys, Ronald; Solà, Eduard; Riutort, Marta; Tricarico, Elena; Justine, Jean-Lou; Cavigioli, Luca; Mori, Emiliano

    2016-01-01

    Introduction of alien species may significantly affect soil ecosystems, through predation or disruption of components of native ecosystems (Winsor et al. 2004; Álvarez-Presas et al. 2014; Justine et al. 2014). Land planarians have been reported as alien species in soils throughout the world and, among those, some species are considered to be successful invaders, e.g. Platydemus manokwari de Beauchamp, 1963, Arthurdendyus triangulatus (Dendy, 1894), Bipalium adventitium Hyman, 1943, Bipalium kewense Moseley, 1878 and Dolichoplana striata Moseley, 1877 (Winsor et al. 2004; Álvarez-Presas et al. 2014; Justine et al. 2014, 2015). Soil moisture status seems to be an important element for their successful invasion (Fraser & Boag 1998). In Europe at least 18 species of alien land planarians have been recorded since now and some of them are considered as invasive ones, e.g. P. manokwari (cf. Justine et al. 2014). Although the alien land planarian B. kewense has been reported to occur in many greenhouses in Italy (Bello et al. 1995), no data are available on its establishment and/or impact on natural environments. On 28th September 2014, 20 specimens (~1 individual/m2) of the land planarian Diversibipalium multilineatum (Makino & Shirasawa, 1983) (Fig. 1), native to Japan, were collected under pots, branches and plastic materials in a private garden located in the center of Bologna (Emilia Romagna, Central Italy), near the urban park Giardini Margherita (44°29' N, 11°21' E; WGS84). Thirty plant species (both indigenous and alien), mainly cultivated as bonsai (e.g. Lagerstroemia indica L., Juniperus procumbens (Siebold ex Endl.) Miquel), were present in this shady, wet garden (25 m2). Between March 2014 and June 2015, 70 more specimens of D. multilineatum were collected at the same site, mainly at dusk and dawn after rain. Reproduction by fission and regeneration processes were observed in several of those specimens, which were kept for some time in captivity. A specimen