WorldWideScience

Sample records for boarding and alighting

  1. FINANCE BOARD, MANAGEMENT BOARD AND COLLABORATION BOARD

    CERN Multimedia

    Common Meeting FB/MB/CB (FMC21) Technical Issues (A. Ball) The topics covered were the status at Point 5, the schedule after the lowering of YB0, installation options for ECAL and the sequence for the beam pipe installation. Many details had already been presented in the opening session. There was a new web page for Technical Coordination on iCMS, thanks largely to A. MacPherson, D. Hudson and L. Taylor. The MTCCII had been a great success, for which the magnet team and all others involved should be congratulated. This had included the field mapping, the collection of data and finally the re-opening of the magnet in two weeks; this last had shown that it would be possible to reach any element of CMS in one week, and any two elements in two weeks. The work on the cable chains was going well but there were not enough technicians working underground. The period after the insertion of installation of HCAL until the “ready for closing date”, including the installation of services on YB0, ...

  2. FINANCE BOARD, MANAGEMENT BOARD AND COLLABORATION BOARD

    CERN Multimedia

    M. Della Negra

    Common Meeting FB/MB/CB (FMC20) Electronics Issues The key dates for the Low Voltage Power distribution were presented. It is critical that the uninterruptible power supply be installed. There is a programme of installation underground leading up to the start of commissioning underground in March 2007, when all detectors should be read out underground. The overall status of the Electronics production was presented. The Low Voltage power supplies remain a concern and close cooperation with the manufacturers will be essential to have deliveries as needed. The failure of some components are mostly understood now. There are new proposals for the SLHC machine parameters, where it is essential that CMS give feed-back. A CMS Expression of Interest is almost complete and will be circulated to the Collaboration the following week. It will be submitted to the LHCC in December 2006. The Letter of Intent, a larger document, will be submitted in summer 2007. Technical Issues The main issue is the schedule, which h...

  3. Board independence and competence

    OpenAIRE

    Wagner, Alexander F

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyzes board independence and competence as distinct, but inextricably linked aspects of board effectiveness. Competent directors add shareholder value because they have better information about the quality of projects. While a CEO cares about shareholder value, he also wants his board to behave loyally to him by agreeing to projects that give him private benefits. Because many aspects of the CEO-board relationship are not contractible, the paper studies a model of relational con...

  4. Yoga from the Mat up: How Words Alight on Bodies

    Science.gov (United States)

    McIlwain, Doris; Sutton, John

    2014-01-01

    Yoga is a unique form of expert movement that promotes an increasingly subtle interpenetration of thought and movement. The mindful nature of its practice, even at expert levels, challenges the idea that thought and mind are inevitably disruptive to absorbed coping. Building on parallel phenomenological and ethnographic studies of skilful…

  5. Board affiliation and pay gap

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shenglan; Chen; Hui; Ma; Danlu; Bu

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the effects of board affiliation on the corporate pay gap.Using a sample of Chinese listed firms from 2005 to 2011, we find that boards with a greater presence of directors appointed by block shareholders have lower pay gaps. Furthermore, the governance effects of board affiliation with and without pay are distinguished. The empirical results show that board affiliation without pay is negatively related to the pay gap, while board affiliation with pay is positively related to the pay gap. Overall, the results shed light on how block shareholders affect their companies’ pay gaps through board affiliation.

  6. Board independence and innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Coelho, Mariana Campos Carvalho

    2015-01-01

    Legislation introduced in the U.S. in 2002/2003 significantly changed board composition of public firms by imposing a 50% independent directors’ ratio. Research on the effect of independent directors is not consensual, implying that this exogenous shock is a unique opportunity to study their importance. This study answers the question of whether or not independent directors can effectively mitigate agency conflicts between shareholders and the management, having a positive impact on the choic...

  7. Firm Performance and Board Committee Structure.

    OpenAIRE

    Klein, April

    1998-01-01

    This article demonstrates a linkage between firm performance and board composition by examining the committee structure of boards and the directors' roles within these committees. Consistent with previous studies, I find little association between firm performance and overall board composition. However, by going into the inner workings of the board via board committee composition, I am able to find significant ties between firm performance and how boards are structured. First, a positive rela...

  8. Ownership Structure, Board Composition and Investment Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Palmberg, Johanna; Eklund, Johan; Wiberg, Daniel

    2009-01-01

    In this paper the relation between ownership structure, board composition and firm performance is explored. A panel of Swedish listed firms is used to investigate how board composition affects firm performance. Board heterogeneity is measured as board size, age and gender diversity. The results show that Swedish board of directors have become more diversified in terms of gender. Also, fewer firms have the CEO on the board which can be interpreted as a sign of increased independency. The regre...

  9. BOARD STRUCTURE AND CEO COMPENSATION

    OpenAIRE

    Anjam, Zeshan

    2010-01-01

    This study examines the relationship between board structure (non executive directors, executive directors and independent non executive directors) and CEO compensation, in the context of an emerging and developing economy of Pakistan in year 2009. Most of the previous studies about board structure and CEO compensation are based in developed economies but this study is about a developing and emerging economy Pakistan and possibly this attempt will contributes to literature. Data for 86 listed...

  10. Board structure and corporate performance

    OpenAIRE

    Mehmet Baha Karan; Özgür Arslan; Cihan Ek¸si

    2013-01-01

    This paper attempts to analyze the impact of board structure attributes on their accounting and stock market performance. Our analyses are built on an emerging market, Turkey for the period between 1995 and 2006. We conduct our analyses through binary logistic methodology. Our findings show that, while board ownership does not have any impact on the accounting performance, it has a fairly positive influence on the stock market performance of firms during the crisis period. Similarly, the situ...

  11. Board Structure and Corporate Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Baha Karan

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper attempts to analyze the impact of board structure attributes on their accounting and stock market performance. Our analyses are built on an emerging market, Turkey for the period between 1995 and 2006. We conduct our analyses through binary logistic methodology. Our findings show that, while board ownership does not have any impact on the accounting performance, it has a fairly positive influence on the stock market performance of firms during the crisis period. Similarly, the situation when the ceo of a firm is also the chairman of the board is not found to have any impact on the corporate performance of firms, although its negative impact is present during the crisis period. Moreover, board independence is found to not to have an effect on accounting performance, yet the stock market perceives board independence positively, both in general and in the crisis periods. Finally, board size has a positive impact , both on the accounting and on the stock market performance of firms, yet the impact on the corporate performance reverts to adverse during the crisis period.

  12. Ownership Concentration, Monitoring and Optimal Board Structure

    OpenAIRE

    Graziano, Clara; Luporini, Annalisa

    2005-01-01

    The paper analyzes the optimal structure of board of directors in a firm with ownership concentrated in the hands of a large shareholder who sits on the board. We focus our attention on the choice between one-tier board who performs all tasks and two-tier board where the management board is in charge of project selection and the supervisory board is in charge of monitoring. We consider the case in which the large shareholder sits on (and controls) the supervisory board but not the management ...

  13. Board of directors’ composition and financing choices

    OpenAIRE

    Alves, Paulo; Couto, Eduardo; Francisco, Paulo

    2014-01-01

    Building on the pecking order theory of Myers and Majluf, (1984) and Myers (1984), the present study empirically analyses the association between the board of directors’ composition and firm financing policies. Particularly, the fraction of independent directors on the board, the fraction of female directors, the board size, and whether the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is also the chairman of the board are analysed. It is conjectured that a more independent and efficient board leads to a shi...

  14. Bank liquidity and the board of directors

    OpenAIRE

    Delis, Manthos D; Gaganis, Chrysovalantis; Pasiouras, Fotios

    2009-01-01

    This short paper presents the first attempt to examine empirically the relationship between the level of bank liquidity and the structure of the board of directors, in terms of board size and independence. A novel database on these board characteristics is built that includes banks operating in 10 OECD countries during the period 2000-2006. We find a negative relationship between board size and liquidity, while the impact of board independence is U-shaped. Therefore, we contend that considera...

  15. Computer Science and Technology Board

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blumenthal, M.S.

    1990-01-01

    The Computer Science and Technology Board (CSTB) meets three times a year to consider scientific and policy issues in computer science as well as relevant problems in associated technologies. The objectives of the Board include: initiating studies involving computer science and technology as a critical national resource; responding to requests from the government, nonprofit foundations, and industry for advice on computer science and technology; promoting the health of the technology and other fields of pure and applied science and technology; and providing a base of expertise within the NRC in the area of computer science and technology.

  16. Institutional Evolution and Corporate Boards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chen, Victor Zitian; Hobdari, Bersant; Sun, Pei;

    2014-01-01

    We argue that corporate boards are a dynamic repository of human- and social capital in response to external institutional evolution. Theoretically, integrating institutional economics, agency theory and resource dependence theory, we explain that evolution of market-, legal- and political...... institutions restructures the particular context in which board members play their two primary roles: monitoring the CEO on behalf of the shareholders, suggested by the agency theory, and supporting the CEO by providing resources, knowledge and information, suggested by the resource dependence theory......, since the board changes are typically proposed by the block shareholders, whose motivation for doing so is closely associated with a corporation’s financial performance, we further argue that financial performance is a key moderator of the relationships between institutional evolution and changes...

  17. 78 FR 73586 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board (PRB) and Executive Resources Board (ERB...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-06

    ... Surface Transportation Board Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board (PRB) and Executive... Performance Review Board (PRB) and Executive Resources Board (ERB) Membership. SUMMARY: Effective immediately, the membership of the PRB and ERB is as follows: Performance Review Board Leland L. Gardner,...

  18. Board independence and CEO turnover

    OpenAIRE

    Laux, Volker

    2005-01-01

    It is widely believed that the ideal board in corporations is composed almost entirely of independent (outside) directors. In contrast, this paper shows that some lack of board independence can be in the interest of shareholders. This follows because a lack of board independence serves as a substitute for commitment. Boards that are dependent on the incumbent CEO adopt a less aggressive CEO replacement rule than independent boards. While this behavior is inefficient ex post, it has positive e...

  19. Corporate boards and bank loan contracting

    OpenAIRE

    Francis, Bill; Hasan, Iftekhar; Koetter, Michael; Wu, Qiang

    2012-01-01

    We investigate the role of corporate boards in bank loan contracting. We find that when corporate boards are more independent, both price and nonprice loan terms (e.g., interest rates, collateral, covenants, and performance-pricing provisions) are more favorable, and syndicated loans comprise more lenders. In addition, board size, audit committee structure, and other board characteristics influence bank loan prices. However, they do not consistently affect all nonprice loan terms except for a...

  20. Internationalilzation of the Firm and its Board

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oxelheim, Lars; Gregoric, Aleksandra; Randøy, Trond;

    In this paper we study the internationalization of corporate supervisory boards. We use Poisson random effects and negative binominal random effect estimators to analyze the determinants of foreign board membership in listed firms from four Nordic countries in 2001-2007. We find that financial co...... of potential communication difficulties due to language problems and an “old boys’ network” effect.......In this paper we study the internationalization of corporate supervisory boards. We use Poisson random effects and negative binominal random effect estimators to analyze the determinants of foreign board membership in listed firms from four Nordic countries in 2001-2007. We find that financial......, the amount of foreigners on the nomination committee also positively relates to the number of foreigners on the board. Rather than age, the median board tenure negatively impacts the prevalence of foreigners on the supervisory board. This barrier to board internationalization may reflect conservatism, fear...

  1. Board Members' Views on Training and Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weaver, Liz; Inglis, Sue

    1999-01-01

    A survey of 22 agency directors and 219 volunteer board members showed that 40% of members received 1-5 hours of training in the last 6 months, 47% none. Training needs included board roles and responsibilities, strategic planning, understanding the agency, and fundraising. Preferred methods were facilitated workshop/retreat or board-led training…

  2. Cultural differences and board gender diversity

    OpenAIRE

    Carrasco, Amélia; Francoeur, Claude; Réal, Isabelle; Laffarga, Joaquina; Ruiz-Barbadillo, Emiliano

    2012-01-01

    International audience As evidence of the continuing interest raised by "board gender diversity", major studies (Catalyst, 2008; World Economic Forum, 2010; European Board Diversity Analysis, 2010) were recently carried out and have all led to reports confirming the imbalance of women on boards and the need to address this issue. Moreover, our analysis of these reports indicates that the low proportion of women observed on corporate boards varies across countries, which raises the question...

  3. Regulation and Corporate Board Composition

    OpenAIRE

    Staubo, Siv

    2014-01-01

    This thesis is in the field of corporate governance. The corporate governance structure involves laws, rules, and regulations on the distribution of rights and responsibilities among the different stakeholders in the firm. Due to several financial crises in the late 1990s and early 2000s, there has been an increased interest in the regulation of corporate governance. In particular, the composition of the corporate board has achieved extensive attention. The first essay in the thesis inve...

  4. Board incentives and board independence in dynamic agency

    OpenAIRE

    Katolnik, Svetlana; Kukec, Sandra K.; Schöndube, Jens Robert

    2015-01-01

    Efficiency of the board structure is usually perceived as linked to a higher degree of monitoring. If monitoring improves performance measurement signals, on which a manager is compensated, it can be considered desirable from the manager's point of view. As a result, having a low degree of board independence (many insiders on the board) may incentivize the board to improve its monitoring technology. However, from a dynamic perspective board monitoring is not always desirable, since it can des...

  5. State School Board Members and Educational Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sroufe, Gerald E.

    1970-01-01

    Research evidence suggests that changes in selection criteria for State board members would increase their effectiveness, more so than changes in either the selection criteria for school board members or in the relationship between the chief school officer and the State board. (Author/LR)

  6. Who nominates the board? - Implications on board diversity and turnover

    OpenAIRE

    Viskari, Milla

    2014-01-01

    This thesis assesses whether the type of nomination poses implications on board diversity in terms of age, gender, nationality and education, as well as turnover on a Finnish and Swedish data. The existing research on director selection and especially nomination committees is rather limited, and thus the research aims at contributing to the topic. The reviewed time period concerns 2008 to 2012, and altogether 55 Finnish and 55 Swedish public companies are included in the study, thus resul...

  7. Orienting and Evaluating Your Board of Directors--Keys to Effective Board Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bess, Gary; Ratekin, Cindy

    2000-01-01

    Details process for orienting and evaluating child care facility boards of directors. Includes service commitment letter delineating board member roles, sample board training agenda, and forms for assessing the board's overall performance and for self-evaluation of members. Asserts that success of member recruitment, orientation, training, and…

  8. 76 FR 10755 - Practices and Procedures, Board Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-28

    ... Practices and Procedures, Board Meetings AGENCY: Merit Systems Protection Board. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Merit Systems Protection Board (MSPB or the Board) is amending its open meeting regulations to... 1206 Administrative practice and procedure, Board meetings. Accordingly, the Board amends 5 CFR...

  9. Hospital board effectiveness: relationships between board training and hospital financial viability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molinari, C; Morlock, L; Alexander, J; Lyles, C A

    1992-01-01

    This study examined whether hospital governing boards that invest in board education and training are more informed and effective decision-making bodies. Measures of hospital financial viability (i.e., selected financial ratios and outcomes) are used as indicators of hospital board effectiveness. Board participation in educational programs was significantly associated with improved profitability, liquidity, and occupancy levels, suggesting that investment in the education of directors is likely to enhance hospital viability and thus increase board effectiveness.

  10. Board Size and Board Independence: A Quantitative Study on Banking Industry in Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Kashif Rashid; Aqil Waqar Khan

    2014-01-01

    This paper aims to investigate the relationship of board independence and board size with productivity and efficiency of the listed banks on the Karachi Stock Exchange, Pakistan. There is a lack of consensus regarding impact of corporate governance practices in correspondence to number of board members and board independence in banking sector. The derived results of the study show that there is a positive relationship between board independence and bank profitability a...

  11. BOARD DIVERSITY, NETWORK AND FIRM VALUE

    OpenAIRE

    Sitthipongpanich, Thitima; Polsiri, Piruna

    2014-01-01

    Using a large sample analysis of Thai listed firms, we address an important question. Do board diversity and network add value to firms? This article extends the debate on the benefits and costs of board diversity and network and their effect on the broader picture of corporate governance. Moreover, this article sheds light on the necessity of applying the resource dependence theory in research about boards of directors, in addition to the agency theory. We find that diversity in ...

  12. Board Independence, CEO Pay, and Camouflaged Compensation

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz-Verdú, Pablo; Singh, Ravi

    2014-01-01

    We study how directors' reputational concerns influence executive compensation and the use ofcamouflaged forms of pay. We show that, in order to signal their independence to investors,boards lower managers' pay, but may also pay managers in hidden ways or structure compensationinefficiently. We also show that independent boards are more likely to make use of hiddencompensation than manager-friendly boards. We apply our model to study the costs and benefitsof greater pay transparency and of me...

  13. Board Directors and Corporate Social Responsibility

    OpenAIRE

    Mariana Nedelcu (Bunea)

    2014-01-01

    The boards of directors and corporate social responsibility (CSR) have been the subject of much study and debate in the corporate governance circles over the two last decades. With issues ranging from poor corporate reporting to excessive executive compensation often splashed in the headlines, the role of boards comes into the media limelight as never before. Boards of directors are also becoming increasingly aware of corporate social responsibility issues.

  14. Board Directors and Corporate Social Responsibility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Nedelcu (Bunea

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The boards of directors and corporate social responsibility (CSR have been the subject of much study and debate in the corporate governance circles over the two last decades. With issues ranging from poor corporate reporting to excessive executive compensation often splashed in the headlines, the role of boards comes into the media limelight as never before. Boards of directors are also becoming increasingly aware of corporate social responsibility issues.

  15. Outside Directors and Corporate Board Decisions

    OpenAIRE

    Dahya, Jay; John J. McConnell

    2003-01-01

    Between 1993 and 2000 at least 18 countries saw publication of guidelines that propose minimum representation of outside directors on corporate boards. The apparent premise underlying this movement is that boards with significant outside directors will make different and, perhaps, better decisions than boards dominated by inside directors. As the first-mover in this movement, the U.K. provides a laboratory for a “natural experiment” to examine this presumption empirically. We investigate one ...

  16. Mandatory gender balance and board independence

    OpenAIRE

    Bøhren, Øyvind; Staubo, Siv

    2016-01-01

    We find that forcing radical gender balance on corporate boards is associated with increased board independence and reduced firm value. A mandatory 40-percent gender quota shifts the average fraction of independent directors from 46 to 67 percent because female directors are much more often independent directors than males are. This shock to board independence via gender quotas is strongest in small, young, profitable, non-listed firms with powerful stockholders and few female directors. Such...

  17. Board Committees, CEO Compensation, and Earnings Management

    OpenAIRE

    Laux, Christian; Laux, Volker

    2007-01-01

    We analyze the effect of committee formation on how corporate boards perform two main functions: setting CEO pay and overseeing the financial reporting process. The use of performance-based pay schemes induces the CEO to manipulate earnings, which leads to an increased need for board oversight. If the whole board is responsible for both functions, it is inclined to provide the CEO with a compensation scheme that is relatively insensitive to performance in order to reduce the burden of subsequ...

  18. 76 FR 44461 - Boards and Committees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-26

    ... nonsubstantive organizational changes to the NASA Inventions and Contributions Board (the Board) and removes and... regulations by removing the reference to an obsolete NASA Management Instruction and to afford organizational... Analysis Paperwork Reduction Act Statement This final rule does not contain an information...

  19. Women on boards and firm performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lückerath – Rovers, M.

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates the financial performance of Dutch companies both with and without women on their boards. The analysis extends earlier methods used in research by Catalyst (The bottom line: corporate performance and women’s representation on boards, 2007) and McKinsey (Women matter. Gender d

  20. Women on boards and firm performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Lückerath-Rovers (Mijntje)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractThis study investigates the financial performance of Dutch companies both with and without women on their boards. The analysis extends earlier methods used in research by Catalyst (The bottom line: corporate performance and women's representation on boards, 2007) and McKinsey (Women matt

  1. Board on Earth Sciences and Resources and its activities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    de Souza, Dr. Anthony R.

    2000-02-23

    This 1999 annual report of the activities of the National Research Council's (NRC) Board on Earth Sciences and Resources (BESR) begins with an introduction to the Board. This report (1) lists activities of the Board sustained by Department of Energy support, (2) presents accomplishments of the Board, (3) describes current and proposed studies of the Board, and (4) provides a brief review of the Board's future plans.

  2. State dental boards and mandatory HIV testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiAngelis, A J; Born, D O; Hill, A J

    1992-01-01

    Public and professional debate over what, if any, action should be taken by state regulatory agencies regarding AIDS and the HIV status of dentists has increased in recent months. To determine if state boards had workable policies in place or were considering such policies, a telephone survey of all state boards was undertaken. All boards participated, although three provided only limited information. As of early 1992, only two boards required evidence of immunity to HVB for relicensure and none require evidence of seronegativity to HIV for relicensure. Twelve percent of the boards anticipate such requirements within two years. None have mandatory HIV testing, but 13 percent anticipate such requirements in the near future. The authors conclude that while few agencies have taken more than tentative steps toward rigorous HIV testing or restrictions, most are aware of much closer public scrutiny. More restrictions seem likely as these agencies attempt to balance public and professional rights and responsibilities. PMID:1337950

  3. 75 FR 70617 - Practices and Procedures, Board Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-18

    ... BOARD 5 CFR Part 1206 Practices and Procedures, Board Meetings AGENCY: Merit Systems Protection Board... copies of transcripts, recordings, or minutes of closed meetings, except where the Board determines that... 5 CFR Part 1206 Administrative practice and procedure, Board meetings. Accordingly, the...

  4. Developing High Performing Boards: Seeking New Talent and Lessons Learned on Great Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakewell, Thomas

    2005-01-01

    Numerous trends today are prompting organizations to formally seek and add new board members at a record pace. In this article, the author discusses what to look for when adding a new board member and lists some top lessons learned. He concludes with a few final thoughts that should be uppermost in the mind in every new board member search.

  5. Board oversight of executive performance and compensation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curran, Connie R; Totten, Mary K

    2010-01-01

    Making sure the relative roles of the board and management are clear and agreed upon is becoming more important as market and regulatory forces compel boards to govern at levels of detail once considered micromanagement, but are now required and necessary in the current environment of heightened governance accountability. A clear understanding of each other's roles and responsibilities is step one in building a solid partnership between the board and chief executive. A second element of building a strong foundation for the board-CEO relationship is taking time early on to establish mutual expectations about working together. The board's responsibilities in CEO performance management and compensation include setting performance expectations and goals that are clear and measurable and coaching and motivating the CEO. When a CEO fails, one of the most important steps for the board to take is to look in the mirror and commit to the rigorous due diligence needed to avoid future mistakes. Boards should always have CEO succession on their agenda. PMID:21158257

  6. Information technology and the board of directors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nolan, Richard; McFarlan, F Warren

    2005-10-01

    Ever since the Y2K scare, boards have grown increasingly nervous about corporate dependence on information technology. Since then, computer crashes, denial of service attacks, competitive pressures, and the need to automate compliance with government regulations have heightened board sensitivity to IT risk. Unfortunately, most boards remain largely in the dark when it comes to IT spending and strategy, despite the fact that corporate information assets can account for more than 50% of capital spending. A lack of board oversight for IT activities is dangerous, the authors say. It puts firms at risk in the same way that failing to audit their books would. Companies that have established board-level IT governance committees are better able to control IT project costs and carve out competitive advantage. But there is no one-size-fits-all model for board supervision of a company's IT operations. The correct approach depends on what strategic "mode" a company is in whether its operations are extremely dependent on IT or not, and whether or not it relies heavily on keeping up with the latest technologies. This article spells out the conditions under which boards need to change their level of involvement in IT decisions, explaining how members can recognize their firms' IT risks and decide whether they should pursue more aggressive IT governance. The authors delineate what an IT governance committee should look like in terms of charter, membership, duties, and overall agenda. They also offer recommendations for developing IT policies that take into account an organization's operational and strategic needs and suggest what to do when those needs change. Given the dizzying pace of change in the world of IT, boards can't afford to ignore the state of their IT systems and capabilities. Appropriate board governance can go a long way toward helping a company avoid unnecessary risk and improve its competitive position. PMID:16250628

  7. THE AGRICULTURAL ADVISORY BOARD, A HANDBOOK FOR BOARDS OF EDUCATION, SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS ADVISORY BOARD MEMBERS AND TEACHERS OF AGRICULTURE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    CUSHMAN, HAROLD R.

    THE PURPOSE OF THIS HANDBOOK IS TO ASSIST EDUCATIONAL PERSONNEL IN MAKING THE MOST EFFECTIVE USE OF AGRICULTURAL ADVISORY BOARDS IN THE ORGANIZATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE PROGRAMS. IT CONTAINS INFORMATION ON (1) PROCEDURES FOR FORMING NEW AGRICULTURAL ADVISORY BOARDS OR REORGANIZING OLD ONES INCLUDING WHERE TO START, WHO…

  8. Board composition and firm performance in the Netherlands

    OpenAIRE

    Postma, Th.J.B.M.; Ees, H. van; Sterken, E.

    2001-01-01

    We analyze the relationship between performance and board composition of Dutch listed firms. Since the Netherlands has a two-tier board structure, we analyze both the impact of the size of the management board and the supervisory board. The supervisory board plays a role in (anti-) investor protection in the Dutch corporate governance system. Therefore, we use indicators of corporate governance as instrumental variables. We find that the size of the management board is not determining firm pe...

  9. Corporate Board Diversity and Firm Performance: Evidence from Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Austin UJUNWA; Chinwe OKOYEUZU; Ifeoma NWAKOBY

    2012-01-01

    This paper investigates the impact of corporate board diversity on the financial performance of Nigerian quoted firms using a panel data of 122 quoted Nigerian firms. Aspects of board diversity studied comprise board nationality, board gender and board ethnicity. The Fixed Effect Generalised Least Square Regression is used to examine the impact of board diversity on firm performance for the period: 1991-2008. The results show that gender diversity was negatively linked with firm performance, ...

  10. Board Reforms and Firm Value: Worldwide Evidence

    OpenAIRE

    Xi Li; Mingyi Hung; Larry Fauver; Alvaro Taboada

    2015-01-01

    We examine the impact of corporate board reforms on firm value in 41 countries. Using a difference-in-differences design, we find that firm value increases after enactment of the reforms. The valuation increase is associated with both the intensity and major components of the reform, including board independence, audit committee, and the separation of the roles of chief executive officer and chairman. We also find that the effect of these reforms primarily exists in countries with weak legal ...

  11. Female board members and corporate performance

    OpenAIRE

    Nasonenko, Angelina

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the relationship between female representation on boards of British FTSE 100 companies and their corporate performance. The theoretical section sets the foundation for the initial hypotheses that there is a positive relationship between the percentage of women on corporate boards and a firm's profitability, measured as ROE and ROIC. The methodological part establishes an analytical framework to test these hypotheses utilizing the so-called 'quartil...

  12. The Dutch 'Female Board Index' 2008: Feamle executive and non-executive directors on corporate boards of Dutch listed companies

    OpenAIRE

    Lückerath-Rovers, Mijntje

    2009-01-01

    textabstractThe Dutch ‘Female Board Index 2008’ provides for the second year an overview of female representation on the Board of Directors and Supervisory Boards of 113 Dutch NV companies1 listed on Euronext Amsterdam. The companies were classified according to the percentage of women present on their combined Board of Directors and Supervisory Boards. The Dutch ‘Female Board Index’ also analyses the differences between male and female executive directors and supervisors ('non-executive dire...

  13. Boards for the Professions. A Statement of Background and Guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Office of the Professions.

    The functions, prerogatives, and responsibilities of the New York State Boards for the several professions and of the executive secretary to the board are delineated. These boards assist the Board of Regents and the Department of Education on matters of professional licensing, practice, and professional conduct. The following aspects of board…

  14. Board gender diversity and accounting conservatism:evidence from Finland

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, L.

    2016-01-01

    The objective of the thesis is to investigate the relationship between board gender diversity and conditional accounting conservatism in Finnish context. There is relatively less literature on the effect of board gender diversity on accounting conservatism in comparison with literature on the relationship between the two board attributes - board size and board independence and accounting conservatism. With the global movement of women’s right in economic and social activities, female director...

  15. Board Characteristics and Corporate Performance in the Netherlands

    OpenAIRE

    Hans van Ees; Theo J.B.M. Postma; Elmer Sterken

    2003-01-01

    We analyze the performance-board characteristic nexus of Dutch listed firms. The Netherlands has a continental-European two-tier board structure. This makes it interesting to analyze the impact of management and supervisory board characteristics (size, composition and remuneration) on corporate performance. In Dutch corporate governance, the supervisory board plays a role in (anti-) investor protection. Subsequently, both board size and composition are variables that reflect corporate decisio...

  16. Board on chemical sciences and technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology organizes and provides direction for standing and ad hoc committees charged with addressing specific issues relevant to the continued health of the chemical sciences and technology community. Studies currently under the oversight of the BCST include a major survey of chemical engineering, an examination of the problems of biohazards in the laboratory, and an analysis of the roots and magnitude of the problem of obsolescent facilities for research and teaching in departments in the chemical sciences and engineering. The Board continues to respond to specific agency requests for program assessments and advice. BCST members are designated to serve as liaison with major federal agencies or departments that support research in order to help identify ways for the board to assist the these organizations. The BCST also maintains close contact with professional societies and nongovernmental organizations that share the Board's concern for the health of chemical sciences and technology. Individual Board members are assigned responsibility for liaison with the American Chemical Society, the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, the American Society of Biological Chemists, the Council for Chemical Research, the Chemistry and Biochemistry Sections of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), and the National Academy of Engineering (NAE). In the past few years, the Board has served as a focus and a forum for a variety of issues that relate specifically to the health of chemistry. A sampling of these concerns include: industry-university cooperation; basic research funding in DOD, DOE, NIH, and NSF; basic research in the chemistry of life processes; basic research in biochemical engineering; basic research in the science and technology of new materials; and undergraduate education in chemistry and chemical engineering

  17. Ownership Concentration, Top Management and Board Compensation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Barbosa Pinto

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The degree of ownership concentration may influence executive and board compensation (Bebchuk & Fried, 2003. This article analyzes this relationship. Detailed information about top management and board compensation became available starting in 2010 through new Securities Commission filings. Linear regression models applied to a sample of 315 Brazilian companies traded on the national exchange indicate a negative and statistically significant economic correlation between executive compensation and the degree of ownership concentration. Ceteris paribus, companies with a lower degree of ownership concentration pay higher compensation to top executives. Family controlled companies pay more to their chief executive, but not to the managerial team as a whole, and the compensation of directors increases with a greater proportion of control group members or their relatives on the board. There was support for the Managerial Power Hypothesis in companies with a lower degree of ownership concentration and for the extraction of private benefits in companies where it is greater.

  18. The Female FTSE Board Report 2009: Norway and Spain join our census to benchmark corporate boards

    OpenAIRE

    Sealy, Ruth; Vinnicombe, Susan; Doldor, Elena

    2009-01-01

    2009 marks our eleventh annual report with a small incremental increase in the percentage of women on boards. Overall, there are 12.2% women directors on the FTSE 100 boards. There is a discouraging decline in the number of companies with female executive directors to 15 (from 16). Also disappointing is a decline in the number of boards with multiple women directors to 37 (from 39). In addition there is a decline in the overall number of companies with women on boards, and o...

  19. Playing the Board Game: An Empirical Analysis of University Trustee and Corporate Board Interlocks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pusser, Brian; Slaughter, Sheila; Thomas, Scott Loring

    2006-01-01

    This study empirically examines the changing nature of linkages between 20 of the United States's most productive research universities and the corporate world by comparing the number and nature of simultaneous memberships on the boards of trustees of these institutions and the boards of directors of some of the nation's largest corporate entities…

  20. Board Size and Board Independence: A Quantitative Study on Banking Industry in Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kashif Rashid

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to investigate the relationship of board independence and board size with productivity and efficiency of the listed banks on the Karachi Stock Exchange, Pakistan. There is a lack of consensus regarding impact of corporate governance practices in correspondence to number of board members and board independence in banking sector. The derived results of the study show that there is a positive relationship between board independence and bank profitability and efficiency. Independent directors play a crucial role in providing genuine advice during executive decision making process which is an important source for improving overall corporate governance. Moreover, results regarding the role of control variables suggest a positive relationship of the total assets and deposits of the firm with the firm’s performance supporting stewardship theory in the market.

  1. Board of directors and risk management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Elst, C.F.; Birkmose, H.; Neville, M.; Sorensen, K.

    2013-01-01

    The board of directors is responsible for an appropriate business risk management environment. The paper studies in a comparative way how legislators and courts fill this duty. We question whether the legislative and regulatory framework will improve the equilibrium between entrepreneurship and risk

  2. What makes boards effective? An examination of the relationships between board inputs, structures, processes and effectiveness in non-profit organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Cornforth, Chris

    2001-01-01

    Based on a survey of charity boards in England and Wales this paper examines what influence board inputs, structures and processes have on board effectiveness. The findings provide mixed support for the normative literature on board effectiveness. Using stepwise logistic regression the research suggests that board inputs and three process variables are important in explaining board effectiveness, namely: board members have the time, skills and experience to do the job; clear board roles and r...

  3. Buses and Boards Making the right choice

    CERN Document Server

    Gipper, Jerry

    2009-01-01

    From motherboard to backplane to blade based computer systems, the choices are numerous. This paper will cover the markets and trends within those markets that influence decisions made by board suppliers. Discussion will focus on the various form factors, the development and evolution of industry standards, and the consortia that support and develop these standards, including VITA, PICMG, and others. This paper will conclude with suggestions for choosing the right form factor for your application.

  4. 75 FR 26990 - Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board; Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-13

    ... Bureau of Land Management Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board; Meeting AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management... Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board (Board) will be conducting a public workshop and meeting on the BLM's management of wild horses and burros. This will be a two day event. Monday, June 14, 2010, will...

  5. Relationship between Governing Board Interlocks and Initial Public Offerings (Japanese)

    OpenAIRE

    MATSUDA Naoko; Matsuo, Yutaka

    2014-01-01

    Governing board interlocks composed from bipartite networks with firms and governing board members diffuse management knowledge and information between firms. In this research, we analyzed governing board interlocks in the IT sectors empirically and reveal that interlocks with both listed firms and others firms enhance the probability of an initial public offering (IPO) of the connected firm.

  6. The Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Through the Atomic Energy Act, Congress made is possible for the public to get a full and fair hearing on civilian nuclear matters. Individuals who are directly affected by any licensing action involving a facility producing or utilizing nuclear materials may participate in a formal hearing, on the record, before independent judges on the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel (ASLBP or Panel). Frequently, in deciding whether a license, permit, amendment, or extension should be granted to a particular applicant, the Panel members must be more than mere umpires. If appropriate, they are authorized to go beyond the issues the parties place before them in order to identify, explore, and resolve significant questions involving threats to the public health and safety that come to a board's attention during the proceedings. This brochure explains the purpose of the panel. Also addressed are: type of hearing handled; method of public participation; formality of hearings; high-level waste; other panel responsibilities and litigation technology

  7. The relationship between hospital governing boards and administrators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Males, H E

    1985-10-01

    The article examines the origin, nature, and resolution of varying types of conflict between hospital boards and administrators as illustrated in two contexts. The first case study describes conflicts at institutions where large ("upsized") boards become overly involved in hospital affairs after the management team has been downsized. The second case discusses the problem of board underinvolvement in hospital affairs within multihospital systems where a single board governs several administrative teams. PMID:10281823

  8. Corporate Board Structure, Managerial Self-Dealing, and Common Agency

    OpenAIRE

    Vinicius Carrasco

    2005-01-01

    This paper compares the effects on corporate performance and managerial self-dealing in a situation in which a (privately informed) CEO reports to a single Board that is responsible for both monitoring management and establishing performance targets to an alternative in which the CEO reports to two different Boards, each of them responsible for a different task. The equilibrium set of the common agency game induced by the dual board structure is fully characterized. Compared to a single board...

  9. Commitment or Entrenchment?: Controlling Shareholders and Board Composition

    OpenAIRE

    Yeh, Yin-Hua; Woidtke, Tracie

    2004-01-01

    This paper examines the determinants of board composition and firm valuation as a function of board composition in Taiwan - a country that features relatively weak protection for investors, firms with controlling shareholders, and pyramidal groups. The results suggest that there is poor governance when the board is dominated by members who are affiliated with the controlling family but good governance when the board is dominated by members who are not affiliated with the controlling family. I...

  10. Women on board and firm performance

    OpenAIRE

    Lückerath – Rovers, M.

    2010-01-01

    This study addresses the research question of whether companies with female directors on the board have a higher average performance than companies with no female directors. The debate about the low representation of women in the top management of companies involves both moral arguments (equality between men and women) and economic arguments (companies with more women perform better). This study investigates the financial performance of 99 Dutch listed companies with and without women on the ...

  11. Board of directors' characteristics and conditional accounting conservatism : Spanish evidence

    OpenAIRE

    García Lara, Juan Manuel; García Osma, Beatriz; Penalva, Fernando

    2007-01-01

    Using a sample of Spanish listed firms for the period 1997-2002 we find that firms where the CEO has low influence over the functioning of the board of directors show a greater degree of accounting conservatism. We measure the influence of the CEO over the board of directors using two aggregate indexes combining 6 (8) characteristics of the functioning of the board of directors and its monitoring committees: board size, proportion of non-executive directors, proportion of independent director...

  12. Board effectiveness and firm performance of Canadian listed firms

    OpenAIRE

    Conheady, Brian; McIlkenny, Philip; Opong, Kwaku K.; Pignatel, Isabelle

    2015-01-01

    An effective board of directors is central to agency theory's prescription to solving the problems of separation of ownership from control in the modern corporation. The shareholders' confidence in the board's ability to fulfil its duties is an important measure of the success or otherwise of this cornerstone of agency theory. The Board Shareholder Confidence Index focuses on the board of directors and is the standard by which Canadian governance best practices are measured. This paper invest...

  13. CORPORATE BOARD STRUCTURE AND ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE: EVIDENCE FROM ROMANIAN FIRMS

    OpenAIRE

    CORINA GAVREA; ROXANA STEGEREAN; ANAMARIA MARIN

    2011-01-01

    Good corporate governance is an important ingredient of the image of an organization. This is one reason that led to the increase of the importance of this concept in the past years. This paper examines the impact of board characteristics (board size, CEO duality and board diversity) as a corporate governance variable on organizational performance. We decided to use these variables as a mean of cuantifing corporate governance because the effectiveness of the board of directors has become a gl...

  14. 14 CFR 1201.300 - Boards and committees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... officers relating to a contract made by NASA. (2) The charter of the Board is set forth in subpart 1 of part 1209 of this chapter. The Board's rules of procedure are set forth in 14 CFR part 1241. (3) The... forth at 48 CFR part 1850. (3) Indexes of and texts of decisions of the Board are available...

  15. The Central Logic Board and its auxiliary boards for the optical module of the KM3Net detector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biagi, S.; Orzelli, A.

    2014-12-01

    The KM3Net neutrino telescope will be composed of many optical modules, each of them containing 31 (3") photomultipliers, connected to a Central Logic Board. The Central Logic Board integrates Time to Digital Converters that measure Time over Threshold of the photomultipliers signals while White Rabbit is used for the optical modules time synchronization. Auxiliary boards have also been designed and built in order to test and extend the performance of the Central Logic Board. The Central Logic Board, as well as the auxiliary boards, will be presented by focusing on the design consideration, prototyping issues and tests.

  16. The Central Logic Board and its auxiliary boards for the optical module of the KM3NeT detector

    CERN Document Server

    Biagi, S

    2014-01-01

    The KM3NeT neutrino telescope will be composed of many optical modules, each of them containing 31 (3") photomultipliers, connected to a Central Logic Board. The Central Logic Board integrates Time to Digital Converters that measure Time Over Threshold of the photomulti- pliers signals while White Rabbit is used for the optical modules time synchronization. Auxiliary boards have also been designed and built in order to test and extend the performance of the Cen- tral Logic Board. The Central Logic Board, as well as the auxiliary boards, will be presented by focusing on the design consideration, prototyping issues and tests.

  17. The Central Logic Board and its auxiliary boards for the optical module of the KM3Net detector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The KM3Net neutrino telescope will be composed of many optical modules, each of them containing 31 (3) photomultipliers, connected to a Central Logic Board. The Central Logic Board integrates Time to Digital Converters that measure Time over Threshold of the photomultipliers signals while White Rabbit is used for the optical modules time synchronization. Auxiliary boards have also been designed and built in order to test and extend the performance of the Central Logic Board. The Central Logic Board, as well as the auxiliary boards, will be presented by focusing on the design consideration, prototyping issues and tests

  18. Particle Board and Oriented Strand Board Prepared with Nanocellulose-Reinforced Adhesive

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Veigel

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Adhesives on the basis of urea-formaldehyde (UF and melamine-urea-formaldehyde (MUF are extensively used in the production of wood-based panels. In the present study, the attempt was made to improve the mechanical board properties by reinforcing these adhesives with cellulose nanofibers (CNFs. The latter were produced from dissolving grade beech pulp by a mechanical homogenization process. Adhesive mixtures with a CNF content of 0, 1, and 3 wt% based on solid resin were prepared by mixing an aqueous CNF suspension with UF and MUF adhesives. Laboratory-scale particle boards and oriented strand boards (OSBs were produced, and the mechanical and fracture mechanical properties were investigated. Particle boards prepared with UF containing 1 wt% CNF showed a reduced thickness swelling and better internal bond and bending strength than boards produced with pure UF. The reinforcing effect of CNF was even more obvious for OSB where a significant improvement of strength properties of 16% was found. For both, particle board and OSB, mode I fracture energy and fracture toughness were the parameters with the greatest improvement indicating that the adhesive bonds were markedly toughened by the CNF addition.

  19. Boards: Independent and Committed Directors?

    OpenAIRE

    Gantenbein, Pascal; Volonté, Christophe

    2011-01-01

    Regulators and shareholders are calling for independent directors. Independent directors, however, have numerous external professional commitments. Using To- bin's Q as an approximation of market valuation and controlling for endogeneity, our empirical analysis reveals that neither external commitments are negatively related to firm performance nor is independence positively related to it. However, more precise analyses show that executive directors and family representatives have a positive ...

  20. Boards : Independent and committed directors?

    OpenAIRE

    Christophe Volonté

    2015-01-01

    Regulators, proxy advisors and shareholders are regularly calling for independent directors. However, at the same time, independent directors commonly engage in numerous outside activities potentially reducing their time and commitment with the particular firm. Using Tobin's Q as an approximation of market valuation and controlling for endogeneity, our empirical analysis reveals that neither is independence positively related to firm performance nor are outside activities negatively related t...

  1. Boards: Independent and Committed Directors?

    OpenAIRE

    Gantenbein, Pascal; Volonté, Christophe

    2011-01-01

    Regulators and shareholders are calling for independent directors. Independent directors, however, have numerous external professional commitments. Using To- bin’s Q as an approximation of market valuation and controlling for endogeneity, our empirical analysis reveals that neither external commitments are negatively related to firm performance nor is independence positively related to it. However, more precise analyses show that executive directors and family representatives have a positive ...

  2. Effective School Board Leadership and Governance: The Impact of Training and Continuous Education on Self-Perceptions of Board Competency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adamson, Michael Taylor

    2011-01-01

    School board training is promoted throughout the United States as a means whereby school board member can become more effective in the performance of their roles and responsibilities. This study examines whether correlations exist school board members participation in training or continuous education and their overall perceptions of effectiveness…

  3. Enhancing board effectiveness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curran, Connie R; Totten, Mary K

    2010-01-01

    Like any other job, board work is associated with specific competencies. Competencies are the combination of knowledge, skills, personal characteristics, and behaviors needed to perform a job or task effectively. Boards are only as strong as their weakest member. Board education should focus on improving the knowledge and skills of the board and individual members and on overall board performance. Assessment of individual board member performance is designed to evaluate the trustee's knowledge of board roles and responsibilities and the expectations of board members. Board effectiveness is built through competency-based board member recruitment and selection; board member education and development; and evaluation of board, board member, and meeting performance. PMID:21291066

  4. [Computer Science and Telecommunications Board activities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blumenthal, M.S.

    1993-02-23

    The board considers technical and policy issues pertaining to computer science, telecommunications, and associated technologies. Functions include providing a base of expertise for these fields in NRC, monitoring and promoting health of these fields, initiating studies of these fields as critical resources and sources of national economic strength, responding to requests for advice, and fostering interaction among the technologies and the other pure and applied science and technology. This document describes its major accomplishments, current programs, other sponsored activities, cooperative ventures, and plans and prospects.

  5. Correlation Between An Email Based Board Review Program and American Board of Pediatrics General Pediatrics Certifying Examination Scores

    OpenAIRE

    Langenau, Erik E.; Fogel, Joshua; Schaeffer, Henry A.

    2009-01-01

    Objective To investigate the impact of a weekly email based board review course on individual resident performance on the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) General Pediatrics Certifying Examination for pediatric residents and, specifically, residents with low ABP In-training Examination (ITE) scores. Methods Weekly board-type questions were emailed to all pediatric residents from 2004–2007. Responses to board-type questions were tracked, recorded, and correlated with ITE scores and ABP Gener...

  6. Correlation Between An Email Based Board Review Program and American Board of Pediatrics General Pediatrics Certifying Examination Scores

    OpenAIRE

    Langenau, Erik E.; Fogel, Joshua; Schaeffer, Henry A.

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the impact of a weekly email based board review course on individual resident performance on the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) General Pediatrics Certifying Examination for pediatric residents and, specifically, residents with low ABP In-training Examination (ITE) scores. Methods: Weekly board-type questions were emailed to all pediatric residents from 2004_2007. Responses to board-type questions were tracked, recorded, and correlated with ITE scores and ABP Gen...

  7. Board and Deans of Amsterdam University, Netherlands

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2001-01-01

    L. to r.: Dr Thomas Taylor, CERN IT Deputy Division Leader; Prof. Dymph C. van den Boom, Dean Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Professor in Empirical Thoretical Pedagogy; Prof. Jos Engelen, NIKHEF/University of Amsterdam, Dutch Delegate to the Scientific Policy Committee and Chairman of the LHC Committee; Prof. Jacob van der Gaag, Dean Faculty of Economic Science and Econometry, Professor in Developmenteconomy;Mr Jan van der Boon, CERN Director of Admnistration; Prof. Jan Robert Bausch, Dean Faculty of Dental Medicine, Professor in general Dentistry; Dr Sijbolt J. Noorda, President of the Board of the University of Amsterdam.

  8. The Dutch 'Female Board Index 2009 : Female executive and non-executive directors on corporate boards of Dutch listed companies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lückerath – Rovers, M.

    2009-01-01

    The Dutch ‘Female Board Index 2009’ provides for the third year an overview of female representation on the Executive Boards and Supervisory Boards of 107 Dutch NV companies listed on Euronext Amsterdam. The study showed that in September 2009, 38 listed Dutch companies have one or more women on the

  9. The Dutch 'Female Board Index' 2008 : Feamle executive and non-executive directors on corporate boards of Dutch listed companies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Lückerath-Rovers (Mijntje)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractThe Dutch ‘Female Board Index 2008’ provides for the second year an overview of female representation on the Board of Directors and Supervisory Boards of 113 Dutch NV companies1 listed on Euronext Amsterdam. The companies were classified according to the percentage of women present on

  10. Board composition, process, and activism: evidence within American firms

    OpenAIRE

    Scott SCARBOROUGH; Jeffrey J. HAYNIE; Christopher SHOOK

    2010-01-01

    This study provided an empirical test of the effects of compositional and process variables on board activism. The attributes examined were functional area knowledge, independence, duality, and effort norms. The findings from this study provided support for the positive relationships between both functional area knowledge and effort norms and board activism. The strong relationship between effort norms and activism indicates the importance of process variables in board research and the need f...

  11. Polar Research Board annual report, 1987 and future plans

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1988-12-31

    This annual report describes the Polar Research Board, its origin and objectives, its work and plans, and its principle activities and accomplishments during calendar year 1987. The Overview presents a concise summary of the various aspects of the Board`s program and of its responsibilities as US National Committee for the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) of the International Council of Scientific Unins. Arctic and Antarctic activities are described.

  12. Employee Representation and Board Size in the Nordic Countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Steen; Rose, Caspar; Kronborg, Dorte

    2015-01-01

    Several European countries have mandatory employee representation on company boards, but the consequences for corporate governance are debated. We use employee representation rules in the otherwise quite similar Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden) to elicit information...... on shareholder preferences for employee representation and board size. We find that shareholders tend to choose board structures that minimize the proportion of employee representatives. In Denmark and Norway employee representation depends on board size, and shareholders choose board sizes that minimize...... the number of employee representatives. However, many companies have more employee representatives than is mandatory. In Sweden, where the law mandates a fixed number of employee representatives (two or three depending on firm size), shareholders choose to have larger boards. In Finland, where employee...

  13. Attorney Fees, School Boards, and Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osborne, Allan G., Jr.; Russo, Charles J.

    2010-01-01

    A major expense associated with litigating disputes under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is the right of parents who succeed in suits against their school boards to recover attorney fees. Yet until recently, boards were generally unable to recover attorney fees from parents even when they succeeded in demonstrating that…

  14. Communication and Decision-Making in Corporate Boards

    OpenAIRE

    Nadya Malenko

    2011-01-01

    This paper develops a model of communication and decision-making in corporate boards. The key element of the paper is that the quality of board communication is endogenous, because it depends on the effort directors put into trying to communicate their information to others. In the model, directors may have biases regarding board decisions and may also be reluctant to disagree with other directors. If the only interaction between directors is at the decision-making stage, when decisions are m...

  15. Corporate governance practices in Turkey: Board structure and gender issues

    OpenAIRE

    Dashti, Gelareh Sayyar

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between board structure characteristics and corporate governance practices with performance in Turkish firms. Board structure elements, including board size, duality, the board’s level of independence, and gender diversity are examined from agency theory perspective. The corporations’ age are used as a control variable, Turkey’s largest 50 companies whose shares are listed on the Istanbul Stock Exchange for the year 2011...

  16. Sampling and Control Circuit Board for an Inertial Measurement Unit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chelmins, David T (Inventor); Powis, Richard T., Jr. (Inventor); Sands, Obed (Inventor)

    2016-01-01

    A circuit board that serves as a control and sampling interface to an inertial measurement unit ("IMU") is provided. The circuit board is also configured to interface with a local oscillator and an external trigger pulse. The circuit board is further configured to receive the external trigger pulse from an external source that time aligns the local oscillator and initiates sampling of the inertial measurement device for data at precise time intervals based on pulses from the local oscillator. The sampled data may be synchronized by the circuit board with other sensors of a navigation system via the trigger pulse.

  17. Women on corporate boards around the world: Triggers and barriers

    OpenAIRE

    Chizema, A.; Kamuriwo, D.; Shinozawa, Y

    2015-01-01

    One of the institutions in which the gender gap remains a contestable issue is the board of directors, where the proportion of female directors is still low. While some countries have achieved higher proportions of female directors on their corporate boards, others have not registered even a single one. Drawing on social role theory, that places emphasis on traditional gender activities, this study starts by arguing that board directorship is an agentic role and more suitable for men. The stu...

  18. 29 CFR 4002.3 - Board of Directors, Chair, and Representatives of Board Members.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the Director of the Corporation except that the following powers of the Board may not be delegated to the Director of the Corporation: (i) Voting on an amendment to these bylaws; (ii) Approval of the... and analysis, annual performance report, and reports of the independent auditor; (iii) Approval of...

  19. Intellectual Freedom and the Board of Education. Phase IV: Pressure on the Board of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beardmore, Dorothy A.; Vernia, Peter

    1973-01-01

    The Rochester Board of Education had to consider three major principles in the issue of the use of Slaughterhouse Five'' for a high school English course: constitutionality, intellectual freedom, and the right of parents or students to refuse literature on the grounds of obscene or objectional literature. (SJ)

  20. Board news

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1997-01-01

    Composition of the Board of the Foundation Flora Malesiana. — The Board met during the Flora of Thailand Symposium in Phuket. The members Dr. P. Baas and Dr. K. Iwatsuki, whose terms had expired, were happy to continue on the Board. Dr. S.H. Sohmer withdrew and Dr. A. Hay agreed to take the vacant c

  1. A Climate Change Board Game for Interdisciplinary Communication and Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eisenack, Klaus

    2013-01-01

    This article reports and reflects on the design and use of the board game KEEP COOL on climate change. The game covers and integrates central biophysical, economic, and political aspects of the issue. By using a board game as common language between students and scientists from different scientific cultures, knowledge of different disciplines can…

  2. 76 FR 7231 - Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board; Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-09

    ... Bureau of Land Management Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board; Meeting AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management... Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board will conduct a meeting on matters pertaining to management and protection of wild, free-roaming horses and burros on the Nation's public lands. DATES: The Advisory...

  3. 78 FR 70275 - United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-25

    ... include candidates' proven experience in the strategic development and management of travel and tourism... International Trade Administration United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board AGENCY: International Trade... United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board. SUMMARY: The Department of Commerce is currently...

  4. 78 FR 77103 - United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-20

    ... include candidates' proven experience in the strategic development and management of travel and tourism... International Trade Administration United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board AGENCY: International Trade... on the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board. SUMMARY: On November 25, 2013, the...

  5. DOE's Environmental Management Site-Specific Advisory Board: The Roles, Work, and Assessment of the Constituent Local Boards - 13587

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The charter for the Department of Energy's Environmental Management (EM) Site-Specific Advisory Board (SSAB) was approved under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA) in 1994. With a unique mandate to provide public input on issues associated with the cleanup of nuclear legacy sites in the U.S., the EM SSAB comprises eight local boards, which are based at major EM sites. While each board is unique to the community in which it is located and reflects the diversity of the local population, the boards are governed by FACA, related regulations, and DOE policies that are intended to standardize agency advisory board operations. The EM SSAB local boards are made up of a diverse group of citizens who want to understand the mission and goals of the EM program and to help EM achieve those goals for the benefit of their communities. Some are quite passionate about their mission; others need to be coaxed into active participation. Maintaining productive relationships and a supportive environment for effective board operations is the challenge of board management for DOE EM and the board members themselves. DOE draws on research findings and best practices literature from academics and practitioners in the field of public involvement in its board management practices. The EM SSAB is also evaluated annually under the law to ensure that the investment of taxpayer dollars in the board is warranted in light of the contributions of the board. Further evaluation takes place at the agency and site levels in order to identify what aspects of board functioning the agency and board members find important to its success and to address areas where improvement is needed. Board contributions, compliance factors, and measurable outcomes related to board products and process areas are key to agency commitment to ongoing support of the boards and to participant satisfaction and thus continued member involvement. In addition to evaluation of these factors in improving board effectiveness

  6. 78 FR 46599 - Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    ... Bureau of Land Management Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board Meeting AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) announces that the Wild Horse and..., 2013, Advisory Board meeting can be mailed to National Wild Horse and Burro Program, WO-260,...

  7. 76 FR 55107 - Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board; Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-06

    ... Bureau of Land Management Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board; Meeting AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) announces that the Wild Horse and..., free-roaming horses and burros on the Nation's public lands. DATES: The Advisory Board will meet...

  8. Effects of Masters in Governance Training and School Board Leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, Rocky

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to determine how the California School Board Association's (CSBA) Masters in Governance (MIG) training program leads to more effective school board leadership and governance. This study employed the framework of authors Lee Bolman and Terrence Deal, the CSBA, and the Lighthouse Inquiry of the Iowa Association of…

  9. 10 CFR 2.321 - Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards. 2.321 Section 2.321 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION RULES OF PRACTICE FOR DOMESTIC LICENSING PROCEEDINGS AND ISSUANCE OF... Management for NRC Adjudicatory Hearings § 2.321 Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards. (a) The Commission...

  10. Risk Management: An Accountability Guide for University and College Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abraham, Janice M.

    2013-01-01

    With proven advice and practical best practices for sound risk management, this robust publication written by the CEO of United Educators identifies how engaged board members should collaborate closely with institutional leaders on a variety of operational and strategic risks. All board members, whatever their role or committee assignment, will…

  11. Board effectiveness, conglomerate diversification, and firm performance: the tunisian case

    OpenAIRE

    walid mensi

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we explore the link between board structure and firm performance for twenty-eight non-banking companies listed on Tunis Stock Exchange over the period 1997-2003. Our empirical results corroborate previous studies making in Tunisia. Furthermore, conglomerate diversification destroys the effectiveness of governance board and therefore negatively associated to the corporate performance.

  12. Using Voice Boards: Pedagogical Design, Technological Implementation, Evaluation and Reflections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yaneske, Elisabeth; Oates, Briony

    2011-01-01

    We present a case study to evaluate the use of a Wimba Voice Board to support asynchronous audio discussion. We discuss the learning strategy and pedagogic rationale when a Voice Board was implemented within an MA module for language learners, enabling students to create learning objects and facilitating peer-to-peer learning. Previously students…

  13. Creating an Effective and Functional Board of Directors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pendleton, Marie

    2002-01-01

    This article offers suggestions for developing an effective and functional board of directors in private schools, especially Montessori schools. Suggestions relate to the creation of a strategic plan as part of the American Montessori Society accreditation process, the composition of the board and standing committees, the futility of seeking grant…

  14. Dominant shareholders, board structure and bank performance: Evidence from Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stančić Predrag

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available We investigate relation between board structure (size and composition and bank performance in 18 Serbian commercial banks with a dominant shareholder in 2006-2010. We analyze this relation using OLS regression analysis on an unbalanced panel dataset of 75 observations. We find no significant relation between proportion of independent directors on the board and bank performance. We also find no significant relation between bank market performance and board size. We find that bank profitability, measured by ROA and ROE, increase as the number of directors on the board decreases. This result is statistically significant after controlling for endogenous variables and unobserved macroeconomic effects. We conclude that Serbian banks with dominant shareholder should put limits on board size. The relation between bank performance and ownership concentration ratio is always negative, but significant only in case of ROA and ROE.

  15. Missouri Rural School Board Governance and Student Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Zach; Webster, Amanda Beeler

    2009-01-01

    Through research, data collection, and analysis, this descriptive project examined rural Missouri school board governance practices. The study focused on Missouri rural schools with a student population of 400 to 1000. Effective school board members, as questionnaire respondents, were identified as having served rural Missouri school districts…

  16. Binderless board and moulded products produced from whole coconut husks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dam, van J.E.G.; Snijder, M.H.B.

    2002-01-01

    A simple and efficient technology has been developed to produce high strength - high density board materials from whole coconut husks, without the addition of chemical binders. The board material has been shown to exhibit excellent properties, which are comparable with or even superior to commercial

  17. 78 FR 68422 - Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) Actions (Formerly Board of Patent Appeals and Interferences...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-14

    ... Patent and Trademark Office Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) Actions (Formerly Board of Patent... United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), as part of its continuing efforts to reduce paperwork... Patent and Trademark Office, P.O. Box 1450, Alexandria, VA 22313-1450. Federal Rulemaking Portal:...

  18. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Staff practice and procedure digest. Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board Decision, July 1972 - June 1995

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is the seventh edition of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Staff Practice and Procedure Digest. It contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period from July 1, 1972 to June 1995 interpreting the NRC rules of practice in 10 CFR part 2

  19. National Board Certified Teachers andTheir Students' Achievement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leslie G. Vandevoort

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Contemporary research on teaching indicates that teachers are powerful contributors to students’ academic achievement, though the set and interrelationships of characteristics that make for high-quality and effective teaching have yet to be satisfactorily determined. Nevertheless, on the basis of the extant research and a vision of exemplary teaching, the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards stipulated a definition of a superior teacher. The Board did this without empirical evidence to support their claim that teachers’ who meet the standards set by the Board were superior in promoting academic achievement to those who did not meet those standards. In the 17 years since the founding of the National Board, only a few empirical studies have addressed this important issue. In this study we compare the academic performance of students in the elementary classrooms of 35 National Board Certified teachers and their non-certified peers, in 14 Arizona school districts. Board Certified teachers and their principals provide additional information about these teachers and their schools. Four years of results from the Stanford Achievement Tests in reading, mathematics and language arts, in grades three through six, were analyzed. In the 48 comparisons (four grades, four years of data, three measures of academic performance, using gain scores adjusted for students’ entering ability, the students in the classes of National Board Certified Teachers surpassed students in the classrooms of non-Board certified teachers in almost threequarters of the comparisons. Almost one-third of these differences were statistically significant. In the cases where the students of non-Board certified teachers gained more in an academic year, none of the differences found were statistically significant. Effect size, translated into grade equivalents, informs us that the gains made by students of Board Certified teachers were over one month greater than the

  20. 77 FR 38583 - Meeting of the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-28

    ... International Trade Administration Meeting of the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board AGENCY... Tourism Advisory Board (Board). The agenda may change to accommodate Board business. The final agenda and... INFORMATION CONTACT: Jennifer Pilat, the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board, Room 4043,...

  1. 12 CFR 308.102 - Authority of Board of Directors and Executive Secretary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authority of Board of Directors and Executive... Board of Directors and Executive Secretary. (a) The Board of Directors. (1) The Board of Directors may... this part 308 shall be construed to limit the power of the Board of Directors granted by...

  2. Board on Research Data and Information

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sztein, A. Ester [National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC (United States); Boright, John [National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC (United States)

    2015-08-14

    The Board on Research Data and Information (BRDI) has planned and undertaken numerous activities regarding data citation, attribution, management, policy, publishing, centers, access, curation, sharing, and infrastructure; and international collaboration and cooperation. Some of these activities resulted in National Research Council reports (For Attribution: Developing Data Attribution and Citation Practices and Standards (2012), The Case for International Scientific Data Sharing: A Focus on Developing Countries (2012), and The Future of Scientific Knowledge Discovery in Open Networked Environments (2012); and a peer-reviewed paper (Out of Cite, Out of Mind: The Current State of Practice, Policy, and Technology for the Citation of Data, 2013). BRDI held symposia, workshops and sessions in the U.S. and abroad on diverse topics such as global scientific data infrastructures, discovery of data online, privacy in a big data world, and data citation principles, among other timely data-related subjects. In addition, BRDI effects the representation of the United States before the International Council for Science’s International Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA).

  3. 7 CFR 2200.6 - Meetings and actions of the Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Meetings and actions of the Board. 2200.6 Section... § 2200.6 Meetings and actions of the Board. (a) Chair. At its initial meeting, the Board shall select a... Board meets, on the call of the Chair, in order to consider matters requiring action by the Board....

  4. Institutional review boards: Challenges and opportunities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravindra B Ghooi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Institutional Review Boards (IRBs are an important link in subject protection program, and their function defines ethical credentials of research. Of late there has been a furore in the country over the number of deaths in clinical research, and allegations of unethical research. Clinical trials have been discussed in medical and lay press and even in the parliament, these discussions called for strengthening the subject protection program. The Central Drug Standards and Control Organization (CDSCO, amended the Schedule Y, by issuing three amendments to introduce new compensation rules and registration of IRBs functioning in the country. IRBs in India face a variety of challenges, and need support from the regulators or independent experts. This is also an opportunity to revamp the subject protection program and strengthen the IRB functioning. An independent advisory body comprising of experts who have hands on experience in administering IRBs, is essential to provide support to IRBs in the country. This body should be independent of regulatory influence and work with IRBs to strengthen them.

  5. 75 FR 14135 - U.S. Travel And Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-24

    ... International Trade Administration U.S. Travel And Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board AGENCY: International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce. ACTION: Notice of an open meeting. SUMMARY: The U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board (Board) will hold...

  6. 75 FR 39496 - U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-09

    ... International Trade Administration U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board AGENCY: International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce. ACTION: Notice of an open meeting. SUMMARY: The U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board (Board) will hold...

  7. 76 FR 21703 - U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-18

    ... International Trade Administration U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board AGENCY: International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce. ACTION... the U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board (Board). The agenda may change to accommodate...

  8. 75 FR 80039 - U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-21

    ... International Trade Administration U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board AGENCY: International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce. ACTION... the U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board (Board). The agenda may change to accommodate...

  9. 77 FR 56811 - United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board; Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-14

    ... International Trade Administration United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board; Meeting AGENCY... Tourism Advisory Board (Board). The Board will meet to present updates on the work of its subcommittees..., email: jennifer.pilat@trade.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Agenda: At the meeting, the Board will...

  10. Boards' involvement in firm strategy : how can a board be effectively involved in strategy formulation and contribute to firm's successfulness

    OpenAIRE

    Tughra, Ayub Mohammad

    2006-01-01

    The role of the board of directors in firm strategy has been subject of debate for a long time. Many researches have been done from different perspectives particularly on this issue. The purpose of this thesis is to study the role of the board of directors in firm strategy. This study will further investigate on how the board of directors can be effectively involved in strategy formulation for the firms and through this to contribute to the firms' successfulness. Board of directors is a group...

  11. 76 FR 53666 - U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-29

    .... Topics to be considered: During this first meeting of the Board's new charter term, the Board will hear... International Trade Administration U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board AGENCY: International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce....

  12. Particle Board and Oriented Strand Board Prepared with Nanocellulose-Reinforced Adhesive

    OpenAIRE

    Stefan Veigel; Jörn Rathke; Martin Weigl; Wolfgang Gindl-Altmutter

    2012-01-01

    Adhesives on the basis of urea-formaldehyde (UF) and melamine-urea-formaldehyde (MUF) are extensively used in the production of wood-based panels. In the present study, the attempt was made to improve the mechanical board properties by reinforcing these adhesives with cellulose nanofibers (CNFs). The latter were produced from dissolving grade beech pulp by a mechanical homogenization process. Adhesive mixtures with a CNF content of 0, 1, and 3 wt% based on solid resin were prepared by mixing ...

  13. 78 FR 51713 - Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, Scientific Advisory Board; Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-21

    ... of the Secretary Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, Scientific Advisory Board... Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, Scientific Advisory Board. Written statements to... Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, Scientific Advisory Board. The DFO will...

  14. Women on board and firm performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lückerath – Rovers, M.

    2010-01-01

    This study addresses the research question of whether companies with female directors on the board have a higher average performance than companies with no female directors. The debate about the low representation of women in the top management of companies involves both moral arguments (equality be

  15. Digitalizing a board game concept : Mobile game design and development

    OpenAIRE

    Hyytiäinen, Ville

    2015-01-01

    The objective of the thesis was to use a board game as a model and create multiple prototypes based on it for a mobile platform. The aim was to keep the core mechanics of the board game and add something new that would be extremely difficult or impossible to implement in a board game. This thesis looks at the theory behind game development, game design and prototyping. It also covers the development of the prototypes that were created during the project and the design decisions made durin...

  16. The Problem: Low-Achieving Districts and Low-Performing Boards

    OpenAIRE

    David E. Lee; Daniel Wayne Eadens

    2014-01-01

    Effective school districts maintain superintendent and school board collegiality which can foster success and connectedness among members. Delagardelle and Alsbury (2008) found that superintendents and board members are not consistent in their perceptions about the work the board does, and Glass (2007) found that states do not require boards to undergo evaluation for effectiveness. In the current study, 115 board meetings were observed using the School Board Video Project (SBVP) survey, which...

  17. 75 FR 16188 - Sunshine Act Meetings of the Board of Directors and Five Committees of the Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-31

    ... mail to FR_NOTICE_QUESTIONS@lsc.gov . SPECIAL NEEDS: Upon request, meeting notices will be made... disability and need an accommodation to attend the meeting may notify Katherine Ward, at (202) 295-1500 or FR... Sunshine Act Meetings of the Board of Directors and Five Committees of the Board Notice DATE AND TIME:...

  18. 76 FR 64072 - Membership of the Bureau of Industry and Security Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-17

    ... Performance Review Board. The Performance Review Board is responsible for (1) reviewing performance appraisals.... Stewart, Department of Commerce Human Resources Operations Center (DOCHROC), Office of Staffing... Performance Review Board is responsible for (1) reviewing performance appraisals and rating of...

  19. 77 FR 64796 - Membership of the Bureau of Industry and Security Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-23

    ... Performance Review Board. The Performance Review Board is responsible for (1) reviewing performance appraisals.... Stewart, Department of Commerce Human Resources Operations Center (DOCHROC), Office of Staffing... Performance Review Board is responsible for (1) reviewing performance appraisals and rating of...

  20. Does School Board Training Encourage and Equip School Board Members to Exhibit the Behaviors of Effective Governance?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gates, Issaic

    2013-01-01

    This study applied 3 theoretical frameworks--Lee Bolman and Terrence Deal's four frames, the Lighthouse Inquiry of the Iowa Association of School Boards, and effective governance characteristics--to examine the impact of the Masters in Governance (MIG) training offered by the California School Boards Association on the ability of school board…

  1. Women on Boards and Corporate Social Responsibility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eunjung Hyun

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available A growing body of research suggests that having more women in the boardroom leads to better corporate social responsibility (CSR performance. However, much of this work views the CSR-enhancing effect of women directors as largely driven by their moral orientations and rarely considers other underlying mechanisms. Moreover, less explored are the firm-specific conditions under which such CSR-promoting roles of female directors might be performed more (or less effectively. In this paper, we seek to bridge this gap in the literature by (1 proposing an additional account for the positive influence of female independent directors on the firm’s CSR and (2 illuminating the organizational context in which female directorship is likely to translate into good CSR performance. We argue that women independent directors might take CSR issues more seriously than their male counterparts not only because of their stronger moral orientations, but also because they have reputational reasons to do so. Further, we suggest that female directors’ concerns about CSR-relevant matters are more (less likely to gain support from other members of the organization when their company is doing more (less business in the product markets where reputation for CSR is more (less vital for success. Using a sample of Standard & Poor’s (S&P 1500 index firms (2000–2009 and the data on their board composition and CSR ratings, we find strong support for our argument. We find that the number (or proportion of women independent directors is positively associated with a firm’s CSR ratings and that the strength of this relationship depends on the level of the firm’s consumer market orientation.

  2. Education in Prolonged-Day Schools and School Boarding Hostels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soviet Education, 1980

    1980-01-01

    Six articles focus on processes, problems, and objectives related to extended day and boarding school educational programs in the USSR. Topics discussed include school organization, extracurricular activities, teaching problems, health problems, rural/urban differences, and ideological education. (DB)

  3. Polar Research Board annual report, 1987 and future plans

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1988-01-01

    This annual report describes the Polar Research Board, its origin and objectives, its work and plans, and its principle activities and accomplishments during calendar year 1987. The Overview presents a concise summary of the various aspects of the Board's program and of its responsibilities as US National Committee for the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) of the International Council of Scientific Unins. Arctic and Antarctic activities are described.

  4. Design and Implementation of A Circuit Board Calibration System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bai Hang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available With the development of science and technology, the traditional artificial detection methods cannot meet the requirements of modern equipment testing and calibration. Combined with the actual demand, a kind of circuit boards calibration system are put forward. It can to realize automatic testing and calibration of the circuit boards. Many functions of the calibration system such as automatic testing, self-test and monitoring are summarized. The hardware is introduced which including the industrial computer system, calibration adapter and so on. Then, development platform, the thought of program design and the structure of the software are introduced in detail. The function of automatic calibration to specific circuit boards are realized. Because the system has good commonality and easy to extend to upgrade, the development ideas and experiences can be applied to similar circuit boards automatic testing system.

  5. Integrated optical and electronic interconnect printed circuit board manufacturing

    OpenAIRE

    Selviah, D. R.; Fernández, F. A.; Papakonstantinou, I.; Wang, K.; Bagshiahi, H.; Walker, A. C.; McCarthy, A.; Suyal, H; Hutt, D.A.; Conway, P. P.; Chappell, J.; Zakariyah, S. S.; Milward, D

    2008-01-01

    Introduction: At high bit rates copper tracks in printed circuit boards (PCBs) suffer severe loss and pulse distortion due to radiation of electromagnetic waves, dispersion and bandwidth limitations. The loss can be overcome to some extent by transmitting higher power pulses and by changing the dielectric constant and loss tangent of the PCB substrate material. However, high power pulses consume power and can cause electro-migration which reduces the board lifetime, although the copper tracks...

  6. AN EXAMINATION OF BOARD AND FIRM PERFORMANCE: EVIDENCE FROM TAIWAN

    OpenAIRE

    Chang-Jui Lin

    2011-01-01

    This article discusses the impact of duality and board structure in corporate governance on corporate performance. The results showed that, regarding Tobin's Q, outside independent directors have a positive impact while other variables have no impact on corporate performance. Similar results were achieved using ROA and ROE for analysis. Duality, board size, and family-controlled directors had a negative impact on ROA and ROE. Supervisory directors, outside independent directors and inside dir...

  7. Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel annual report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Fiscal Year 1990, The Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel (Panel) handled 40 proceedings involving the construction, operation, and maintenance of commercial nuclear power reactors or other activities requiring a license from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. This report summarizes, highlights, and analyzes how the judges and licensing boards of the Panel addressed the wide-ranging issues raised in these proceedings during the year

  8. The Atomic Energy Control Board and the uranium mining industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Atomic Energy Control Board controls prescribed substances and nuclear facilities through a licensing system. It is only recently that this system has been applied to the uranium industry. There are four stages in the licensing procedure before a Mine-Mill Facility Operating Licence is issued: exploration requires an underground exploration permit; site approval is needed before the start of the development stage; development approval is required before the construction of the mill and waste management facilities and depends on the information in a preliminary safety report; the granting of a final operating licence occurs after the Board is satisfied with the final safety report, operating policies and principles, tailings management, and decommissioning plans. The Board has resource management policies designed to ensure that uranium reserves are available to meet Canada's needs. The administration of safeguards is also the Board's responsibility. (LL)

  9. Board interlocks and earnings management contagion

    OpenAIRE

    Chiu, PC; Teoh, SH; Tian, F.(Nevis Laboratory, Columbia University, Irvington, NY, USA)

    2009-01-01

    We examine whether earnings management spreads from firm to firm via board connections of shared directors. A firm has a higher likelihood of restating earnings in a given year if it shares a director with another firm that restated earnings either in that same year or within the past two years. We also find evidence of earning management contagion at the earlier restating period when the accounting violated GAAP. In this case, a firm has a higher probability of later restating earnings repor...

  10. Human Centered Design and Development for NASA's MerBoard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trimble, Jay

    2003-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation provides an overview of the design and development process for NASA's MerBoard. These devices are large interactive display screens which can be shown on the user's computer, which will allow scientists in many locations to interpret and evaluate mission data in real-time. These tools are scheduled to be used during the 2003 Mars Exploration Rover (MER) expeditions. Topics covered include: mission overview, Mer Human Centered Computers, FIDO 2001 observations and MerBoard prototypes.

  11. Board structure and firm performance: evidence from Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Fortich, Roberto; Gutiérrez, Luis; Pombo, Carlos

    2008-01-01

    This paper studies the board structure and firm per- formance across 77 equity issuer corporations in Colombia for the 1998-2004 period. The sample is formed by 47 holding firms belonging to the top- two largest local conglomerates in the country, and 30 independent firms that were included as a control group. The paper presents for first time measures of board governance proxies such as independence, rotation, and members interlocking for this emerging market. Measurement results show that b...

  12. Corporate Governance and Board Effectiveness in Maritime Firms

    OpenAIRE

    Trond RandØy; Jon Down; Janinge Jenssen

    2003-01-01

    This paper examines the financial performance effect of three corporate governance mechanisms: (i) founding family CEO, (ii) board ownership, and (iii) board independence. The developed hypotheses are tested using multivariate ordinary least-squares regression on a 3-year sample of 32 publicly traded maritime firms from Norway and Sweden, and compared to the results of the same hypotheses tested on a sample of 96 manufacturing firms. This study concludes that maritime firms with a founding fa...

  13. Relationship between the Board Size and Financial Performance: Literature Review

    OpenAIRE

    DOĞAN, MESUT; TOPAL, Yusuf

    2015-01-01

    The Cadbury Report (1992), a pioneer in outlining the financial aspects of corporate governance, was the first to put the spotlight on corporate boards of directors. Around the same time, academic work started to gain impetus with the Hermalin and Weisbach (1991) study. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between the number of members of the board of directors with accounting and market-based performance indicators empirical research in the national and international literatu...

  14. Board diversity and firm performance: the Indonesian evidence

    OpenAIRE

    Darmadi, Salim

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the associations between diversity of board members and financial performance of the firms listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX). Three demographic characteristics of board members—gender, nationality, and age—are used as the proxies for diversity. Using a sample of 169 listed firms, this study finds that both accounting and market performance have significant negative associations with gender diversity. Nationality diversity is found to have no influence on firm pe...

  15. Board independence” and compensation structure of directors

    OpenAIRE

    Elena Merino; Montserrat Manzaneque; Alba Maria Priego

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines the relationship between board independence and the level and structure of directors´ compensation to determine whether this “independence” exerts a moderating effect on the different systems of remuneration granted to directors. We have developed several models based on linear panel data regression. The sample included 76 listed companies on the Spanish Continuous Market for the period 2004–2009. The results reveal that the moderating effect of board independence on direc...

  16. Remuneration Committee, Board Independence and Top Executive Compensation

    OpenAIRE

    Chii-Shyan Kuo; Shih-Ti Yu

    2014-01-01

    In this study, we examine whether the levels and structures of top executive compensation vary discernibly with different levels of board independence. We also examine how the newly mandated adoption of the remuneration committee (RC) in Taiwan affects the board independence-executive pay relation. The mandatory establishment of RC for Taiwanese public firms, starting in 2011, is intended to strengthen the reasonableness and effectiveness of the executive compensation structure; thus, it is t...

  17. Board-management relationships: Resources and internal dynamics

    OpenAIRE

    Erakovic, Ljiljana; Goel, Sanjay

    2008-01-01

    This paper investigates directors' relationships with firms' managers, using lenses of resource dependence theory and resource based view. Because of different roles that board members perform in modern organisations we seek to find out what boardmanagement relationships may provide a company with competitive advantage relative to other firms. The paper reports the results from a study conducted in six New Zealand companies. We used multiple respondents from the top management and board membe...

  18. BOARD OF DIRECTORS AND THE PRICING OF INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERINGS (IPOS): DOES THE EXISTENCE OF A PROPERLY STRUCTURED BOARD MATTER? EVIDENCE FROM FRANCE

    OpenAIRE

    Mnif, Anis

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to introduce the board of directors as a signal of firm quality to abate information asymmetry. This study is based on agency theory and signaling theory to suggest that the existence of properly structured board at the time of the IPO may signal high firm quality to potential investors. To do that, I examine the association between board of directors' characteristics (including board composition, board size, leadership structure (CEO duality) and existence of an ...

  19. Statistical properties of corporate board and director networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Battiston, S.; Catanzaro, M.

    2004-03-01

    The boards of directors of the largest corporations of a country together with the directors form a dense bipartite network. The board network consists of boards connected through common directors. The director network is obtained taking the directors as nodes, and a membership in the same board as a link. These networks are involved in the decision making processes relevant to the macro-economy of a country. We present an extensive and comparative analysis of the statistical properties of the board network and the director network for the first 1000US corporations ranked by revenue (“Fortune 1000") in the year 1999 and for the corporations of the Italian Stock Market. We find several common statistical properties across the data sets, despite the fact that they refer to different years and countries. This suggests an underlying universal formation mechanism which is not captured in a satisfactory way by the existent network models. In particular we find that all the considered networks are Small Worlds, assortative, highly clustered and dominated by a giant component. Several other properties are examined. The presence of a lobby in a board, a feature relevant to decision making dynamics, turns out to be a macroscopic phenomenon in all the data sets.

  20. Board Industry Experience, Firm Value, and Investment Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Drobetz, Wolfgang; Oesch, David; Schmid, Markus; von Meyerinck, Felix

    2014-01-01

    We analyze the valuation effect of board industry experience and channels through which industry experience of outside directors affects firm value. Our analysis shows that firms with more experienced outside directors are valued at a premium compared to firms with less experienced outside directors. Additional analyses, including a quasi-experimental setting based on director deaths, mitigate endogeneity concerns. Firms with experienced boards limit investment distortions (lower investment-c...

  1. Boards in Agricultural Cooperatives: Competence, Authority, and Incentives

    OpenAIRE

    Hendrikse, George

    2005-01-01

    textabstractThis article addresses three observations regarding the board of directors in agricultural cooperatives. First, many scholars and practitioners worry about the competency of the member dominated board of directors in agricultural cooperatives. Second, it is sometimes stated that cooperatives seem to behave like ordinary enterprises. Finally, it is argued that cooperatives may have advantages compared to firms with publicly exchanged shares. These observations are analyzed from var...

  2. Boards of directors and bank performance in United Arab Emirates

    OpenAIRE

    齋藤, 純; Saito, Jun

    2016-01-01

    This study presents an empirical analysis about corporate governance of financial institutions in United Arab Emirates (UAE). The purpose of this research is to analyze the influence of the structure of board of directors on the performance of these institutions. To examine the effect of control exerted by particular families on bank management, we estimated models where the dependent variable is return on assets (ROA) and return on equity (ROE), independent variables are board of directors v...

  3. Board Governance and Earnings Management of Chinese listed companies

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    According to current stage of China's capital market development and pervasive earnings management in Chinese listed companies, this paper systematically investigates the role of listed companies’ board governance in constraining earnings management. Based on the measurement of earnings management in Chinese listed companies by using Modified-Jones Model, this paper first proposes four theoretical hypotheses that suggest earnings management is negatively associated with board size, bo...

  4. 13 CFR 500.104 - Meetings and actions of the Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Meetings and actions of the Board... EMERGENCY OIL AND GAS GUARANTEED LOAN PROGRAM Board Procedures § 500.104 Meetings and actions of the Board. (a) Place and frequency. The Board meets, on the call of the Chairman, in order to consider...

  5. Board's Monitoring and Retention of Sub-standard and Powerless CEOs

    OpenAIRE

    Sato, Meg

    2010-01-01

    Do corporate boards look after shareholder interests? This paper shows that CEO replacement may exhibit excessive inertia, in favor of the incumbent board of directors. I show that even when there is no relationship between the board of directors and CEO, or no threat of the CEO.s power over the board of directors, there is a case in which the board wants to keep sub-standard CEOs.

  6. 76 FR 48174 - Notice of Call for Nominations for the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-08

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Call for Nominations for the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board... solicit public nominations for three members to the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board (Board). The Board provides advice concerning management, protection, and control of wild free-roaming horses and burros...

  7. 75 FR 35078 - Notice of Call for Nominations for the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-21

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Call for Nominations for the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board... solicit public nominations for three members to the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board (Board). The Board provides advice concerning the management, protection, and control of wild free-roaming horses and...

  8. 78 FR 31517 - Meeting of the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-24

    ... International Trade Administration Meeting of the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board AGENCY... Tourism Advisory Board (Board). The Board will meet to discuss and deliberate on proposed recommendations... implementation of the National Travel and Tourism Strategy and the progress on implementing the...

  9. 10 CFR 1.15 - Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel. 1.15 Section 1.15... Panels, Boards, and Committees § 1.15 Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel. The Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel, established pursuant to section 191 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as...

  10. 12 CFR 908.72 - Appearances and practice in proceedings before the Finance Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... the Finance Board. 908.72 Section 908.72 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD ORGANIZATION AND OPERATIONS RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE IN HEARINGS ON THE RECORD Rules of Practice Before the Finance Board § 908.72 Appearances and practice in proceedings...

  11. 13 CFR 400.104 - Meetings and actions of the Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Meetings and actions of the Board... STEEL GUARANTEE LOAN PROGRAM Board Procedures § 400.104 Meetings and actions of the Board. (a) Place and frequency. The Board meets, on the call of the Chairman, in order to consider matters requiring action...

  12. 33 CFR 403.5 - Meetings and functions of Board. [Rule 5

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Meetings and functions of Board..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RULES OF PROCEDURE OF THE JOINT TOLLS REVIEW BOARD § 403.5 Meetings and functions of Board. (a) The Board shall meet at such time and place as the Chairman may decide. (b)...

  13. The Short, Productive Board Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAdams, Donald R.

    2005-01-01

    Board meetings are the time and place where school boards act. In fact, only when coming together as a body in a legal meeting do school board members become a board. Effective board meetings are the first prerequisite for an effective board. Furthermore, what parents and voters see at board meetings determines largely what they think about their…

  14. 77 FR 68826 - Notice of Meeting Preservation Technology and Training Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-16

    ... National Park Service Notice of Meeting Preservation Technology and Training Board AGENCY: National Park... Training Board (PTT Board) of the National Center for Preservation Technology and Training, National Park..., California. The PTT Board was established by Congress to provide leadership, policy advice, and...

  15. 78 FR 39768 - Notice of Call for Nominations for the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-02

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Call for Nominations for the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board... solicit public nominations for three positions on the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board (Board). The Board provides advice concerning the management, protection, and control of wild free-roaming horses...

  16. 77 FR 37705 - Notice of Call for Nominations for the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-22

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Call for Nominations for the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board... solicit public nominations for three positions on the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board (Board). The Board provides advice concerning the management, protection, and control of wild free-roaming horses...

  17. 75 FR 59227 - U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-27

    ... International Trade Administration U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board AGENCY: International Trade.... Travel and Tourism Advisory Board. SUMMARY: The Department of Commerce is currently seeking applications to fill three vacant positions on the U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board (Board). The purpose...

  18. 77 FR 21784 - Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-11

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration; Notice of... to the public. Name of Committee: Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration (Science Board). General Function of the Committee: The Science Board provides advice primarily to the Commissioner of...

  19. 78 FR 6332 - Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-30

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration; Notice of... to the public. Name of Committee: Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration (Science Board). General Function of the Committee: The Science Board provides advice primarily to the Commissioner of...

  20. 75 FR 4407 - Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-27

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration; Notice of... to the public. Name of Committee: Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration (Science Board). General Function of the Committee: The Science Board provides advice primarily to the Commissioner of...

  1. 78 FR 30317 - Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-22

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration; Notice of... to the public. Name of Committee: Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration (Science Board). General Function of the Committee: The Science Board provides advice primarily to the Commissioner of...

  2. 77 FR 51031 - Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-23

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration; Notice of... to the public. Name of Committee: Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration (Science Board). General Function of the Committee: The Science Board provides advice primarily to the Commissioner of...

  3. 76 FR 72953 - Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-28

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration; Notice of... to the public. Name of Committee: Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration (Science Board). General Function of the Committee: The Science Board provides advice primarily to the Commissioner of...

  4. Alberta Energy and Utilities Board, regulatory highlights for 1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This new publication informs readers about what the Alberta Energy and Utilities Board (EUB) did in the past year, including important regulatory issues, trends and initiatives. The EUB is an agency of the provincial government, established to regulate Alberta's energy resource and utility sectors. It is part of the Alberta Ministry of Energy. The four main functions of the Board are regulatory initiatives, license applications, enforcement and information. This publication summarized the EUB's position regarding flaring (both solution gas flaring and well test flaring), and Board activities in the areas of animal health concerns, the gas over bitumen controversy, the deregulation of the electric industry and what it means to the EUB, improvements in data quality as a result of improved industry compliance in reporting, and a variety of issues related to the oil sands and the negotiated settlement process. Also, the Board has been proactive in the area of oilfield waste management guidelines, proliferation policies for gas processing facilities, sulphur recovery guidelines, and the expansion of the orphan well program to include facilities and pipelines. As a measure of the success of the EUB, a recent survey of 19 randomly selected focus groups praised EUB for its impartiality, fair and equitable enforcement and independence. It was also praised for its technically competent and experienced staff, its access to quality information and the clarity of its mandate, regulatory requirements and processes. The Board's efforts in the area of timely stakeholder consultation was highlighted. tabs., figs

  5. 78 FR 53427 - Meeting of the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-29

    ... International Trade Administration Meeting of the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board AGENCY... Tourism Advisory Board (Board). The Board advises the Secretary of Commerce on matters relating to the U.S. travel and tourism industry. DATES: September 17, 2013, 1:30 p.m.-4:30 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time...

  6. Consultancy agreement between supervisory board members and the company whose activities they supervise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arsen Bačić

    2015-09-01

    Finally, the author explains when and why Art. 270. Companies act must be implemented on consultancy agreements between a supervisory board member and a dependent company, a supervisory board member and a member of the board of managers and on contracts between the company whose supervisory board member is a member and the public limited company they supervise. The research concludes that the domestic law has appropriately regulated consulting activity of supervisory board members.

  7. Increasing diversity on public and private sector boards - Part 2 What is being done to improve diversity on boards and how effective is this?

    OpenAIRE

    Sealy, Ruth; Doldor, Elena; Vinnicombe, Susan

    2009-01-01

    The project was commissioned by the Government Equalities Office in order to examine the issue of diversity on boards of directors in the private and public sectors.The project addresses two main questions: Why are there so few women and other under-represented groups on public and private sector boards? and What is being done in order to increase diversity on boards? The report is published in two parts: Part I considered the available evidence on diversity on boards. It ex...

  8. Board and auditor interlocks and voluntary disclosure in annual reports

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Braam, G.J.M.; Borghans, L.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to explore whether interlock ties between the board of directors and the external auditors facilitate the cross-firm diffusion of voluntary disclosures in annual reports. Design/methodology/approach – Using a sample of 149 non-financial companies publicly lis

  9. Independent directors’ board networks and controlling shareholders’ tunneling behaviorq

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yunsen; Chen; Yutao; Wang; Le; Lin

    2014-01-01

    As one of the channels by which board directors build important relationships,board networks can affect the governance role of independent directors. Defining director board networks as their connections based on direct ties they establish when serving on at least one common board, this paper explores the role of the network centrality of independent directors in restraining tunneling behavior by controlling shareholders in the Chinese capital market.Our empirical evidence shows that tunneling behavior by controlling shareholders is negatively related to the network centrality of independent directors and that this relationship is stronger when non-operating fund occupation is used as the measure of tunneling. The results of our study show that board networks can help independent directors to restrain tunneling behavior by large shareholders, which plays a positive role in corporate governance.ó 2013 Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of China Journal of Accounting Research. Founded by Sun Yat-sen University and City University of Hong Kong.

  10. 75 FR 16438 - U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... International Trade Administration U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board AGENCY: International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce. ACTION: Notice of the rescheduling of an Open Meeting. SUMMARY: The U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board...

  11. "Independence" and the nonprofit board: a general counsel's guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peregrine, Michael W; Broccolo, Bernadette M

    2006-01-01

    In the wake of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act regulations that govern the public company sector, standards are emerging to assure that nonprofit corporate boards are maintaining appropriate levels of independence. This Article provides a summation of the current trends in the development of independence standards for nonprofit corporate governance, from both tax and corporate law perspectives. The authors consider independence standards for nonprofit boards of governance and discuss the evolution of independence standards as they relate to the duty of good faith, and the distinction between independence and conflicts of interest. The authors also seek to examine the evolution of current federal regulations and study state models that have been successfully implemented to insure the independence of nonprofit corporations. Finally, the authors propose a set of core guidelines to be considered when addressing board and committee independence issues. PMID:17402658

  12. Board leadership and strategy involvement in small firms : a team production approach

    OpenAIRE

    Machold, Silke; Huse, Morten; Minichilli, Alessandro; Nordqvist, Mattias

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Manuscript Type: Empirical Research Question/Issue: Boards? involvement in strategy is generally seen to be an indicator of board effectiveness but less is known about the relationship between board leadership and strategy involvement, especially in small firms. This study analyses board leadership from a team production perspective as an antecedent to board strategy involvement in small firms. Research Findings/Insights: Using survey data from 140 small firms in No...

  13. Women on the board and executive duration - evidence for European listed firms

    OpenAIRE

    Buchwald, Achim; Hottenrott, Hanna

    2015-01-01

    The participation of women in top-level corporate boards (or rather the lack of it) is subject to intense public debate. Several countries are considering legally binding quotas to increase the share of women on boards. Indeed, research on board diversity suggests positive effects of gender diverse boards on corporate governance and even firm performance. The mechanism through which these benefits materialize remain however mostly speculative. We study boards of directors in a large sample of...

  14. On-Board TL Dosimetry: Possibilities and Limitations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The paper shortly deals with application of TLDs for dosimetry of ISS, e.g. personal dosimetry, phantom measurements, mapping, monitoring and neutron dosimetry. The main characteristics of the on-board and ground evaluation are compared. The main advantages and disadvantages of the on-board evaluation are summarised. Finally the planned future improvements of the Pille system are discussed like development of an RS485 interface for alternative data transfer, introduction of smaller dosimeters (capsules), use of a more use-friendly display (80 characters), application of internal memory instead of memory card and improvement of the dosimeter evaluation (glow curve fit, background subtraction). (author)

  15. Development and verification of printed circuit board toroidal transformer model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pejtersen, Jens; Mønster, Jakob Døllner; Knott, Arnold

    2013-01-01

    by comparing calculated parameters with 3D finite element simulations and experimental measurement results. The developed transformer model shows good agreement with the simulated and measured results. The model can be used to predict the parameters of printed circuit board toroidal transformer configurations......An analytical model of an air core printed circuit board embedded toroidal transformer configuration is presented. The transformer has been developed for galvanic isolation of very high frequency switch-mode dc-dc power converter applications. The theoretical model is developed and verified...

  16. On-board system for physical and microphysical measurements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report presents the system of physical and microphysical measurement instrumentation on board the HUREL-DUBOIS HD 34 aircraft, built in cooperation with the Institut National d'Astronomie et de Geophysique (I.N.A.G.) and the Institut Geographique National (I.G.N.). The feasibility study of the system was carried out in the first half of 1978 and took shape in an on-site proving campaign in November 1979. As a result, the on-board system was able to participate in the BUGEY experimental campaign of March 1980, a glimpse of which is given in this report

  17. Empowering boards to become instruments of innovation and excellence

    OpenAIRE

    Coulson-Thomas, Colin

    2016-01-01

    Examines the roles of directors, boards and CEOs in relation to excellence, innovation, innovative business models, leadership and human capital and the digital economy, aspects of leadership and the new, collective and shared leadership required for creativity, innovation and entrepreneurship. Written to encourage discussion at the 2016 Dubai Global Convention and 26th World Congress for Business Excellence & Innovation.

  18. 78 FR 3398 - United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the United States Travel and Tourism...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-16

    ... International Trade Administration United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board AGENCY: International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce... meeting of the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board (Board). The Board will meet to...

  19. The Southern Regional Education Board and Member States, December 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This report provides an overview of Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) programs and services and how each member state participated in them from December 2013 through November 2014. SREB serves a wide range of education policy leaders, including governors, state legislators, executive and legislative staff, and K-12 and postsecondary agency…

  20. The Problem: Low-Achieving Districts and Low-Performing Boards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David E. Lee

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Effective school districts maintain superintendent and school board collegiality which can foster success and connectedness among members. Delagardelle and Alsbury (2008 found that superintendents and board members are not consistent in their perceptions about the work the board does, and Glass (2007 found that states do not require boards to undergo evaluation for effectiveness. In the current study, 115 board meetings were observed using the School Board Video Project (SBVP survey, which was created in 2012 by researchers to uncover school board meetings’ effectiveness. MANOVA, Univariate ANOVA, and Pearson Chi-Square test results revealed significant differences between low-, medium-, and high-performing districts’ school board meetings. Evidence indicated that low-performing districts’ board meetings were: less orderly; had less time spent on student achievement; lacked respectful and attentive engagement across speakers; had board meeting members who seemed to advance their own agenda; had less effective working relationships among the governance team; had fewer board members who relied on the superintendent for advice and input; had one member, other than the board president, stand out for taking excessive time during meetings; and did not focus on policy items as much as high- and medium-performing school districts. The research concluded that more school board members from low-performing districts needed training to improve their effectiveness. Furthermore, highly refined and target-enhanced school board training programs might lead to lasting governance success and more effective teaming that could improve district, and ultimately, student achievement.

  1. 42 CFR 409.22 - Bed and board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM HOSPITAL INSURANCE BENEFITS Posthospital SNF Care § 409.22 Bed and board. (a) Semiprivate and ward accommodations. Except for applicable deductible and coinsurance amounts Medicare Part A pays in full...

  2. The paper monster. Corporate compliance and the board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinrichsen, C A; Capobianco, C; Diamond, M

    2001-02-01

    Fraud and abuse lawsuits and settlements are getting bigger, and the DOJ shows no signs of letting up on its scrutiny of health care organizations. That's why a strong compliance program is your best defense, and it all starts with the board.

  3. The role of the postgraduate medical education and training board

    OpenAIRE

    Griffiths, S.

    2006-01-01

    The Postgraduate Medical Education and Training Board (PMETB) is a new organisation set up to develop, establish, and maintain standards and requirements for postgraduate medical education (PGME) and training. First trailed in the NHS Plan,1 its remit covers the UK. As such it aims to be a single, unifying framework for doctors in training.

  4. Institutional review board and regulatory solutions in the dental PBRN

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gilbert, Gregg H; Qvist, Vibeke; Moore, Sheila D;

    2010-01-01

    Effectively addressing regulatory and human participant protection issues with Institutional Review Boards (IRBs, or ethics committees) and grants administration entities is an important component of conducting research in large collaborative networks. A dental practice-based research network...... regions; b) their impact on study protocols and implementation; and c) lessons learned from this process....

  5. Teaching Electronics and Laboratory Automation Using Microcontroller Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mabbott, Gary A.

    2014-01-01

    Modern microcontroller boards offer the analytical chemist a powerful and inexpensive means of interfacing computers and laboratory equipment. The availability of a host of educational materials, compatible sensors, and electromechanical devices make learning to implement microcontrollers fun and empowering. This article describes the advantages…

  6. Board Composition, Board Roles and Behavioral Integration in High-tech Start-ups: A Case Study of the Norwegian Renewable Energy Sector

    OpenAIRE

    Ellingsen, Andreas

    2014-01-01

    This study has examined how the board operates in order to facilitate for the development and success of the clean-tech start-up. Specifically the study has examined several aspects and characteristics of boards to determine which factors contribute towards creating an efficient board that best facilitates for the growth of its company.Through an in-depth analysis of five case firms, several key insights regarding boards in clean-tech ventures have been uncovered. The main constructs examined...

  7. Boards of Education and System-wide Strategic Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lilly, Edward R.

    To ensure that school systems are prepared for the future, their boards must provide for both internal and external conditions through careful assessment and planning processes. Strategic planning consists of setting long-term goals, determining the best means of attaining them, and relating the chosen course to operating plans. This type of…

  8. Virginia and the Southern Regional Education Board, December 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This document details Virginia's participation in Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) programs and services from December 2013 through November 2014. Each member state receives a number of general services, plus access to targeted programs funded by grants, contracts and fees. Appropriations support SREB's core operations and general…

  9. Texas and the Southern Regional Education Board, December 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This document details Texas' participation in Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) programs and services from December 2013 through November 2014. Each member state receives a number of general services, plus access to targeted programs funded by grants, contracts and fees. Appropriations from member states support core operations and general…

  10. Handbook on CEO-Board: Relations and Responsibilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boggs, George R.

    2006-01-01

    Irrespective of the nature, mission, location, or configuration of the community college, some overarching principles and considerations are common to an effective CEO-board relationship. This book clarifies the dynamics and challenges of this leadership partnership. Above all, it is an insightful and practical guide to the best practices that…

  11. Using Voice Boards: pedagogical design, technological implementation, evaluation and reflections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabeth Yaneske

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available We present a case study to evaluate the use of a Wimba Voice Board to support asynchronous audio discussion. We discuss the learning strategy and pedagogic rationale when a Voice Board was implemented within an MA module for language learners, enabling students to create learning objects and facilitating peer-to-peer learning. Previously students studying the module had communicated using text-based synchronous and asynchronous discussion only. A common criticism of text-based media is the lack of non-verbal communication. Audio communication is a richer medium where use of pitch, tone, emphasis and inflection can increase personalisation and prevent misinterpretation. Feedback from staff and students on the affordances and constraints of voice communication are presented. Evaluations show that while there were several issues with the usability of the Wimba Voice Board, both staff and students felt the use of voice communication in an online environment had many advantages, including increased personalisation, motivation, and the opportunity to practice speaking and listening skills. However, some students were inhibited by feelings of embarrassment. The case study provides an in-depth study of Voice Boards, which makes an important contribution to the learning technology literature.

  12. Up dating Islamic Boarding School Santri and Reproductive Health Information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Made Asri Budisuari

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Islamic boarding school system has long story in indonesia, they covered as much 14.798 student whoare teenager between 9–15 year old. Problems encountered with adolescent sexuality and reproductive health. Methods:An explorative research implemented in 3 provinces ie East Java, Nusa Tenggara Barat (NTB, East Kalimantan and sixIslamic boarding schools. Data were collected through questionnaires about reproductive health. Results: It showed 48,5%of respondents didn’t have enough knowledge, attitudes and behavior about reproductive health, 40% of respondents knewvery little about puberty, menstruation and wet dream, 71% of respondents had little knowledge about the risk of pregnancy;49% of respondents had not enough knowledge about sexually transmited diseases. 88% respondents said that they hadfall in love, 76% of respondents had positive courtship behavior. Conclusion: The information about reproductive healthin islamic boarding school for adolescents is still in adequate and only refer to yellow book. Health worker did not provideadequqte information. We still found student who have sex while when they were engaged still datting. Suggestion: Theneed of additional and up to date reproductive health information and the risks of sexual intercourse marriage it maybedelivery on interesting media, such as one social networking. A health reproductive modules consist of scientic materialand some knowledge has to be developed and should be delivery health worker. Reproductive health syllabus and trainingfor trainers for teachers of boarding school is needed.

  13. Operating a Computer Bulletin Board System for Psychiatrists and Psychologists

    OpenAIRE

    Miller, Marvin J.

    1988-01-01

    A computer Bulletin Board System (BBS) provides messaging and file transfer functions for a professional organization. It allows ready access to clinical computer programs at minimal cost. Ways to encourage development of public domain clinical software and its distribution through BBSs are discussed.

  14. The Southern Regional Education Board and Member States, January 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This report provides an overview of Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) programs and services and how each member state participated in them from July 2012 through December 2013. The nation's first regional interstate compact for education, SREB is today the most comprehensive, bringing together states to enable them to achieve…

  15. Florida and the Southern Regional Education Board, December 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This report details Florida's participation in Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) programs and services from December 2013 through November 2014. Appropriations from member states support SREB's core operations and general services. SREB leverages the long-standing commitment of member states to attract external funding for an array of…

  16. Alabama and the Southern Regional Education Board, December 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This report details Alabama's participation in Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) programs and services from December 2013 through November 2014. Appropriations from member states support SREB's core operations and general services. SREB leverages the long-standing commitment of member states to attract external funding for an array of…

  17. Louisiana and the Southern Regional Education Board, December 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This report details Louisiana's participation in Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) programs and services from December 2013 through November 2014. Appropriations from member states support SREB's core operations and general services. SREB leverages the long-standing commitment of member states to attract external funding for an array of…

  18. Public School Administration and "Brown v. Board of Education"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunter, Richard C.

    2009-01-01

    This article reviews educational initiatives of state and federal government that were designed to remedy the effects of racial segregation on Black public school students in the United States after the famous "Brown v. Board of Education" decisions. Several policy and legal initiatives are reviewed, including school desegregation, compensatory…

  19. Delaware and the Southern Regional Education Board, December 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This report details Delaware's participation in Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) programs and services from December 2013 through November 2014. Appropriations from member states support SREB's core operations and general services. SREB leverages the long-standing commitment of member states to attract external funding for an array of…

  20. North Carolina and the Southern Regional Education Board, December 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This document details North Carolina's participation in Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) programs and services from December 2013 through November 2014. Appropriations from member states support SREB's core operations and general services. SREB leverages the long-standing commitment of member states to attract external funding for an array…

  1. Tennessee and the Southern Regional Education Board, December 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This document details Tennessee's participation in Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) programs and services from December 2013 through November 2014. Each member state receives a number of general services, plus access to targeted programs funded by grants, contracts and fees. Appropriations from member states support SREB's core operations…

  2. Kentucky and the Southern Regional Education Board, December 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This report details Kentucky's participation in Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) programs and services from December 2013 through November 2014. Appropriations from member states support SREB's core operations and general services. SREB leverages the long-standing commitment of member states to attract external funding for an array of…

  3. Oklahoma and the Southern Regional Education Board, December 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This document details Oklahoma's participation in Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) programs and services from December 2013 through November 2014. Appropriations from member states support SREB's core operations and general services. SREB leverages the long-standing commitment of member states to attract external funding for an array of…

  4. South Carolina and the Southern Regional Education Board, December 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This document details South Carolina's participation in Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) programs and services from December 2013 through November 2014. Each member state receives a number of general services, plus access to targeted programs funded by grants, contracts and fees. Appropriations from member states support SREB's core…

  5. Maryland and the Southern Regional Education Board, December 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This report details Maryland's participation in Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) programs and services from December 2013 through November 2014. Appropriations from member states support SREB's core operations and general services. SREB leverages the long-standing commitment of member states to attract external funding for an array of…

  6. State School Board Members and the State Education Policy System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sroufe, Gerald R.

    1971-01-01

    Discusses the contrast between the clear legal mandate for State boards of education to determine education for the State on the one hand, and their peculiarly ill-defined and tenuous role in the State policy system on the other. (JF)

  7. Tertiary activated carbon treatment of paper and board industry wastewater

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Temmink, B.G.; Grolle, K.C.F.

    2005-01-01

    The feasibility of activated carbon post-treatment of (biologically treated) wastewater from the paper and board industry was investigated, the goal being to remove refractory organic pollutants and produce water that can be re-used in the production process. Because closing water-circuits in the pa

  8. 7 CFR 1280.222 - Books and Records of Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Books and Records of Board. 1280.222 Section 1280.222 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LAMB PROMOTION, RESEARCH,...

  9. Abuses and Mysteries at the Association of Social Work Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodcock, Ray

    2016-01-01

    Under contract with the Association of Social Work Boards (ASWB), Pearson VUE reportedly performs much of the work of developing and administering the social work licensing exams required by most states. ASWB charges substantial fees for such exams and, after paying Pearson, has been able to bank considerable sums. One of the key contributions to…

  10. An Orientation and Training Program for Citizen Boards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartlett, Donald P.; Grantham, Robert J.

    1980-01-01

    The concept of citizen governance has been implemented with marginal success. This paper presents an orientation and training program for citizen boards aimed at raising their competence in certain key areas including policy planning, program evaluation, public relations, organizational management and fund-raising. (Author)

  11. Report of board IV: Radiation damages and radiation induced diseases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Board IV (radiation damage and radiation-induced diseases) worked on the effects of ionizing radiation on living organisms and studies the radiation damage it entailed. Investigations with cells or model systems serve to recognize certain causal relationships in an organism out of the diversity of reactions encountered. (orig./AK)

  12. Boarding Schools and Capital Benefits: Implications for Urban School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bass, Lisa R.

    2014-01-01

    The author discusses the boarding school model as a schooling alternative to improve life chances for disadvantaged youth, particularly African American youth, by positively meeting their social and educational needs. Bourdieu, Coleman, and other social scientists purported that these needs can be better met by exposing students to social and…

  13. Toward a Behavioral Theory of Boards and Corporate Governance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Ees, Hans; Gabrielsson, Jonas; Huse, Morten; Gabrielson, J.

    2009-01-01

    Review A coherent alternative to an economic approach of corporate governance is missing. In this paper we take steps towards developing a behavioral theory of boards and corporate governance. Building upon concepts such as political bargaining, routinization of decision making, satisficing, and pro

  14. The Relationship Between Board Interlocking and Income Smoothing Practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Ribeiro

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to investigate the influence of board interlocking in income smoothing practices in public companies with shares traded on the BM&FBOVESPA. To achieve this objective we adopted a sample comprised of 58 Brazilian companies included in the Bovespa index. The study is classified as empirical and analytical and uses as a proxy for income smoothing a metric called the "smoothing factor" (SF, obtained through the factor analysis technique using the metrics EM1 and EM3 from Leuz, Nanda and Wysocki (2003. As independent variables we employed indicators of social network analysis. From a theoretical point of view, the study is relevant and innovates in making the connection between the resource dependence theory, the agency theory and board interlocking. In practical terms, the study shows the effects of the constitutive elements of corporate social networks, arising from the board interlocking structure, on income smoothing accounting practices. Regression with panel data using fixed effects showed that the constituent elements of corporate social networks tend to influence the practice of smoothing in the sample used. The results of the study show that companies that share board members with other organizations which smooth their results tend to adopt this organizational practice more easily, which can be explained by: (i companies causing variations in performance due to operational decisions or financial reporting choices; and (ii managers making use of discretionary practices in the reporting of profits.

  15. 48 CFR 6301.3 - Jurisdiction and authority of the Board and its members.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... of the Board and its members. 6301.3 Section 6301.3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT... authority of the Board and its members. (a) The Board hears and decides: (1) Appeals from decisions made by contracting officers relating to contracts of the Department of Transportation and its...

  16. Board and Senior Management Alignment on School Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarros, James C.; Sarros, Anne M.; Cooper, Brian K.; Santora, Joseph C.; Baker, Robin

    2016-01-01

    This study examines the degree to which senior executive members of a school's decision-making team (senior management team and board of directors) are aligned on fundamental principles of school strategy. Our study is based on a conceptual framework of strategic leadership as it applies in an Australian independent school context. We also examine…

  17. Ocean Studies Board annual report 1989 and future plans

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The major activities of the Ocean Studies Board of the National Research Council for 1989 are reviewed. The following are discussed: the Navy Panel, the CO2 Panel, the Committee on the Ocean's Role in Global Change, the Committee on the Coastal Ocean, the Workshop on Issues of U.S. Marine Fisheries, and the Continental Margins Workshop Committee. Future plans are covered

  18. Suicide Bulletin Board Systems Comparison between Japan and Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sueki, Hajime; Eichenberg, Christiane

    2012-01-01

    An online questionnaire (n = 301) was conducted to analyze the cross-cultural influence of the use of suicide bulletin board systems. Factor analysis demonstrated that participants had two types of motives: the constructive motive of mutual help and the destructive motive of suicide preparation. The results showed that suicidal thoughts did not…

  19. Answer These Questions, and Polish Your Board's Public Image.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freund, Sidney A.

    1984-01-01

    The public image of a school board can be enhanced if it handles business in a manner that inspires confidence. Seven suggestions are presented on topics such as location of meetings, procedures, agenda, handling audience comments, establishing priorities, handling complaints, and superintendent support. (TE)

  20. Using Smart Boards and Manipulatives in the Elementary Science Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Susan F.; Shaw, Edward L., Jr.; Daughenbaugh, Lynda

    2014-01-01

    This study summarizes the results of a survey administered to 48 elementary schools in the largest school district in a southeastern U.S. state, conducted by university faculty to evaluate the use of SMART Boards and hands-on experiences, the objectives of which were to identify preparedness of elementary classroom teachers in teaching elementary…

  1. The American School Board Member and His -- and Her -- Era of Fierce New Independence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyer, Louise

    1973-01-01

    School board members will no longer silently accept responsibility for the mistakes of professional educators. Boards, and the public they speak for, are demanding an educational product that can be evaluated and audited for its financial as well as its educational worth. Strong board leadership, a new image of governance, and a relationship of…

  2. Design and Implementation of a Collectable Trading Card Board Game and Game AI

    OpenAIRE

    Kristján Tryggvason 1986

    2015-01-01

    Both board games and collectible trading card games offer people an entertaining experience that requires formulating a strategy to win against an opponent. Trading card games, unlike board games, are traditionally played without using any kind of a board. However, by combining the two type of games we end up with a collectible card game with added strategic depth because of the complexities a two dimensional board adds. This allows the placement of cards and the card game gains new elements ...

  3. 75 FR 3542 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-21

    ... AFFAIRS Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting... Act) that the Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board will meet... rehabilitation research and development applications for scientific and technical merit and to...

  4. 75 FR 40036 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-13

    ... AFFAIRS Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting... Act) that the Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board will meet... rehabilitation research and development applications for scientific and technical merit and to...

  5. 78 FR 18680 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Scientific Merit Review Board, Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-27

    ... AFFAIRS Rehabilitation Research and Development Scientific Merit Review Board, Notice of Meeting The..., that a meeting of the Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board... evaluate Rehabilitation Research and Development Center of Excellence and Research Enhancement...

  6. 78 FR 58526 - Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, Scientific Advisory Board; Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-24

    ... of the Secretary Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, Scientific Advisory Board... Environmental Research and Development Program, Scientific Advisory Board (SAB). DATES: Tuesday, October 15... Designated Federal Officer (DFO) for the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program,...

  7. 78 FR 29121 - Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, Scientific Advisory Board; Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-17

    ... of the Secretary Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, Scientific Advisory Board... open meeting of the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, Scientific Advisory Board... 12, 2013 meeting is to review new start research and development projects requesting...

  8. 78 FR 29122 - Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, Scientific Advisory Board; Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-17

    ... of the Secretary Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, Scientific Advisory Board... open meeting of the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, Scientific Advisory Board... 13, 2013 meeting is to review continuing research and development projects requesting...

  9. 78 FR 68825 - Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, Scientific Advisory Board; Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-15

    ... Office of the Secretary Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, Scientific Advisory... Environmental Research and Development Program, Scientific Advisory Board (SAB). The purpose of the meeting is... Research and Development Program, Scientific Advisory Board. Written statements may be submitted to...

  10. 77 FR 11064 - National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-24

    ... Office of the Secretary National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board Notice of Meeting AGENCY: Research, Education, and Economics, USDA. ACTION: Notice of meeting..., Education, and Economics Advisory Board. DATES: The National Agricultural Research, Extension,...

  11. 76 FR 55880 - National Institute of Standards and Technology; Performance Review Board Membership

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-09

    ...), Deputy Under Secretary for Economic Affairs, Economics and Statistics Administration, Department of... Review Board Membership The National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board (NIST PRB) reviews performance appraisals, agreements, and recommended actions pertaining to employees...

  12. 75 FR 4108 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice; Board of Directors and Five Committees of the Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-26

    .... LOCATION: Legal Services Corporation, 3333 K Street, NW., Washington, DC 20007, 3rd Floor Conference Center.... Finance Committee Saturday, January 30, 2010 5. Operations & Regulations Committee.... 9 a.m. 6. Board of... October 30, 2009. 3. Approval of Minutes of the Audit & Finance Committees' Open Session joint meeting...

  13. 76 FR 59662 - Membership of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-27

    ... appointing authority on retention and compensation matters, including performance-based pay adjustments... Administration Performance Review Board AGENCY: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Department of Commerce. ACTION: Notice of Membership of the NOAA Performance Review Board. SUMMARY:...

  14. 76 FR 54217 - Membership of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-31

    ... authority on retention and compensation matters, including performance-based pay adjustments, awarding of... Administration Performance Review Board AGENCY: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Department of Commerce. ACTION: Notice of membership of the NOAA Performance Review Board. SUMMARY:...

  15. 75 FR 58363 - Membership of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-24

    ... appointing authority on retention and compensation matters, including performance-based pay adjustments... Administration Performance Review Board AGENCY: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Department of Commerce. ACTION: Notice of Membership of the NOAA Performance Review Board. SUMMARY:...

  16. 78 FR 299 - Environmental Laboratory Advisory Board Meeting Dates and Agenda

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-03

    ... AGENCY Environmental Laboratory Advisory Board Meeting Dates and Agenda AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of teleconference and face-to-face meetings. SUMMARY: The Environmental Protection Agency's Environmental Laboratory Advisory Board (ELAB), as previously announced,...

  17. National and gender diversity in the board of directors - the case of Outokumpu

    OpenAIRE

    Inkeroinen, Elina

    2008-01-01

    Objectives of the Thesis The main theme of this thesis is board diversity with a focus on gender and national diversity. In addition, the main reasons why companies diversify their boards are looked at as well as the recruiting process and roles and contributions of female and foreign board members. Methodology and Data Collection Case study was chosen as a research method for this thesis because of its unique capabilities in explaining and describing complex phenomenon, which board...

  18. Institutional and strategic choice perspectives on board involvement in the strategic decision process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Judge, W Q; Zeithaml, C P

    1992-10-01

    The level of a board of directors' involvement in strategic decisions can be viewed as an institutional response or as a strategic adaptation to external pressures for greater board involvement. We examined the antecedents and effects of board involvement from both the institutional and strategic choice perspectives. Data obtained from personal interviews with 114 board members and archival records indicated that board size and levels of diversification and insider representation were negatively related to board involvement, and organizational age was positively related to it. Furthermore, we found board involvement to be positively related to financial performance after controlling for industry and size effects. Overall, the results suggest that both theoretical perspectives are necessary for a comprehensive description of the strategic role of boards. PMID:10122320

  19. Design, production, and reliability of the new ATLAS pixel opto-boards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    New fiber optical transceivers, opto-boards, were designed and produced to replace the first generation opto-boards installed in the ATLAS pixel detector and for the new pixel layer, the insertable barrel layer (IBL). Each opto-board contains one 12-channel PIN array and two 12-channel VCSEL arrays along with associated receiver and driver ASICs. The new opto-board design benefits from the production and operational experience of the first generation opto-boards and contains several improvements. The new opto-boards have been successfully installed. Additionally, a set of the new opto-boards have been subjected to an accelerated lifetime experiment at 85 C and 85% relative humidity for over 1,000 hours. No failures were observed. We are cautiously optimistic that the new opto-boards will survive until the shutdown for the detector upgrade for the high-luminosity Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC)

  20. Institutional and strategic choice perspectives on board involvement in the strategic decision process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Judge, W Q; Zeithaml, C P

    1992-10-01

    The level of a board of directors' involvement in strategic decisions can be viewed as an institutional response or as a strategic adaptation to external pressures for greater board involvement. We examined the antecedents and effects of board involvement from both the institutional and strategic choice perspectives. Data obtained from personal interviews with 114 board members and archival records indicated that board size and levels of diversification and insider representation were negatively related to board involvement, and organizational age was positively related to it. Furthermore, we found board involvement to be positively related to financial performance after controlling for industry and size effects. Overall, the results suggest that both theoretical perspectives are necessary for a comprehensive description of the strategic role of boards.

  1. 7 CFR 1160.105 - Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FLUID MILK PROMOTION PROGRAM Fluid Milk Promotion Order Definitions § 1160.105 Board. Board means the National Processor Advertising and Promotion Board established... Promotion Board or Board)....

  2. 7 CFR 1205.516 - Reports and remittance to the Cotton Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reports and remittance to the Cotton Board. 1205.516... COTTON RESEARCH AND PROMOTION Cotton Board Rules and Regulations Assessments § 1205.516 Reports and remittance to the Cotton Board. (a) Handler reports and remittances. Each collecting handler shall...

  3. Regulation and the Evolution of Corporate Boards: Monitoring, Advising or Window Dressing?

    OpenAIRE

    Helland, Eric; Sykuta, Michael

    2002-01-01

    It is generally agreed that boards are endogenously determined institutions that serve both oversight and advisory roles in a firm. While the oversight role of boards has been extensively studied, relatively few studies have examined the advisory role of corporate boards. We examine the participation of political directors on the boards of natural gas companies between 1930 and 1998. We focus on the expansion of federal regulation of the natural gas industry in 1938 and 1954 and subsequent pa...

  4. Regulation and the evolution of corporate boards: monitoring, advising or window dressing?

    OpenAIRE

    Helland, Eric; Sykuta, Michael; Claremont Institute for Economic Policy Studies

    2002-01-01

    It is generally agreed that boards are endogenously determined institutions that serve both an oversight and advisory role in a firm. While oversight role of boards has been extensively studied relatively few studies have examined the advisory role of corporate boards. In this study we examine the participation of political directors on the boards of natural gas companies between 1930 and 1998. We focus on the 1938, and 1954 regulation and 1986 partial deregulation of the natural gas industry...

  5. Monitoring board committee structure and market valuation in large publicly listed South African corporations

    OpenAIRE

    Ntim, Collins G

    2013-01-01

    We examine the association between the presence of monitoring board committees (i.e., audit, nomination, and remuneration) and market valuation in South Africa using a sample of listed corporations. We find a significant positive connection between the presence of monitoring board committees and market valuation, but only in corporations that have independent monitoring board committees and/or all three monitoring board committees that we have investigated simultaneously. This implies that th...

  6. Board Structure and Capital Structure – Empirical Evidence of Romanian Listed Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Florinita DUCA

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates the relationship between board of directors and company’s capital structure in context of Romanian firms. Our research paper covers information about 50 companies for the fiscal year 2010. A regression analysis has been used to examine the linkage between the level of debt and board of directors. Measures of board’s characteristics employed are size of the board, its independence and duality of leadership. Results reveal that the size of the board affect positively and...

  7. Corporate performance, board structure, and their determinants in the banking industry

    OpenAIRE

    Renée B. Adams; Mehran, Hamid

    2008-01-01

    The subprime crisis highlights how little we know about the governance of banks. This paper addresses a long-standing gap in the literature by analyzing board governance using a sample of banking firm data that spans forty years. We examine the relationship between board structure (size and composition) and bank performance, as well as some determinants of board structure. We document that mergers and acquisitions activity influences bank board composition, and we provide new evidence that or...

  8. 47 CFR 15.32 - Test procedures for CPU boards and computer power supplies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... result in a complete personal computer system. If the oscillator and the microprocessor circuits are... microprocessor circuits are contained on separate circuit boards, both boards, typical of the combination...

  9. EMI Standards for Wireless Voice and Data on Board Aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ely, Jay J.; Nguyen, Truong X.

    2002-01-01

    The use of portable electronic devices (PEDs) on board aircraft continues to be an increasing source of misunderstanding between passengers and flight-crews, and consequently, an issue of controversy between wireless product manufacturers and air transport regulatory authorities. This conflict arises primarily because of the vastly different regulatory objectives between commercial product and airborne equipment standards for avoiding electromagnetic interference (EMI). This paper summarizes international regulatory limits and test processes for measuring spurious radiated emissions from commercially available PEDs, and compares them to international standards for airborne equipment. The goal is to provide insight for wireless product developers desiring to extend the freedom of their customers to use wireless products on-board aircraft, and to identify future product characteristics, test methods and technologies that may facilitate improved wireless freedom for airline passengers.

  10. Legionella on board trains: effectiveness of environmental surveillance and decontamination

    OpenAIRE

    Quaranta Gianluigi; Vincenti Sara; Ferriero Anna; Boninti Federica; Sezzatini Romina; Turnaturi Cinzia; Gliubizzi Maria; Munafò Elio; Ceccarelli Gianluca; Causarano Carmelo; Accorsi Massimo; Del Nord Pasquale; Ricciardi Walter; Laurenti Patrizia

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Legionella pneumophila is increasingly recognised as a significant cause of sporadic and epidemic community-acquired and nosocomial pneumonia. Many studies describe the frequency and severity of Legionella spp. contamination in spa pools, natural pools, hotels and ships, but there is no study analysing the environmental monitoring of Legionella on board trains. The aims of the present study were to conduct periodic and precise environmental surveillance of Legionella spp. ...

  11. 75 FR 31818 - National Science Board; Committee on Strategy and Budget; Sunshine Act Meetings; Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-04

    ... National Science Board; Committee on Strategy and Budget; Sunshine Act Meetings; Notice The National Science Board's Committee on Strategy and Budget, pursuant to NSF regulations (45 CFR part 614), the... National Science Board business and other matters specified, as follows: Date and Time: Tuesday, June...

  12. 77 FR 16063 - Notice of Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-19

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board Meeting AGENCY: Bureau of Land... Horse and Burro Advisory Board will conduct a meeting on matters pertaining to management and protection of wild, free-roaming horses and burros on the Nation's public lands. DATES: The Advisory Board...

  13. 77 FR 58863 - Notice of Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-24

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board Meeting AGENCY: Bureau of Land... Horse and Burro Advisory Board will conduct a meeting on matters pertaining to management and protection of wild, free-roaming horses and burros on the Nation's public lands. DATES: The Advisory Board...

  14. 78 FR 8187 - Notice of Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-05

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board Meeting AGENCY: Bureau of Land... Horse and Burro Advisory Board will conduct a meeting on matters pertaining to management and protection of wild, free-roaming horses and burros on the Nation's public lands. DATES: The Advisory Board...

  15. 12 CFR 906.13 - How does the Finance Board oversee and monitor the outreach program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false How does the Finance Board oversee and monitor the outreach program? 906.13 Section 906.13 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD ORGANIZATION AND OPERATIONS OPERATIONS Contractor Outreach Program for...

  16. 77 FR 8809 - United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board; Teleconference Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-15

    ... International Trade Administration United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board; Teleconference Meeting... teleconference meeting. SUMMARY: The United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board (Board) will hold a... and Competitiveness, as the Task Force works to develop a National Travel and Tourism...

  17. 12 CFR 918.8 - Site of board of directors and committee meetings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... meetings. 918.8 Section 918.8 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD GOVERNANCE AND MANAGEMENT OF... and committee meetings. Meetings of a Bank's board of directors and committees thereof usually should be held within the district served by the Bank. No meetings of a Bank's board of directors...

  18. 14 CFR 1310.5 - Meetings and actions of the Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Meetings and actions of the Board. 1310.5... TERM OR CONDITION OF GUARANTEED LOAN § 1310.5 Meetings and actions of the Board. (a) Place and frequency. The Board meets, on the call of the Chairman, in order to consider matters requiring action...

  19. 78 FR 13348 - Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration Advisory Committee; Amendment of Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-27

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration Advisory... Administration (FDA) is announcing an amendment to the notice of meeting of the Science Board to the Food and... that a meeting of the Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration would be held on February...

  20. 75 FR 12171 - Notice of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-15

    ..., Education, and Economics Advisory Board Meeting AGENCY: Research, Education, and Economics, USDA. ACTION..., Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board. DATES: The National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board will meet March 29-31, 2010. The public may file written...

  1. Evaluating the board of directors of financial intermediaries: competencies, effectiveness and performance

    OpenAIRE

    Carretta, Alessandro; Farina, Vincenzo; Schwizer, Paola

    2006-01-01

    This paper proposes a model for analysing the effectiveness of boards of directors of financial intermediaries. The European Union recommends that companies in the Member States annually evaluate the performance of their boards. The degree of effectiveness of a board should be appreciated taking into account the business structure, ownership and institutional model of the firm, on the one hand, and the characteristics of its board, in terms of its composition, structure and skills, on the oth...

  2. Determinants of the Size and Structure of Corporate Boards: 1935-2000

    OpenAIRE

    Lehn, Kenneth; Patro, Sukesh; Zhao, Mengxin

    2008-01-01

    We argue that the size and composition of corporate boards are determined by tradeoffs involving the information that directors bring to boards versus the coordination costs and free rider problems associated with their additions to boards. Our hypotheses lead to predictions that firm size and growth opportunities are important determinants of these board characteristics. Using a sample of 82 U.S. firms that survived over the period of 1935 through 2000, we find strong support for the hypothe...

  3. Separation and recovery of materials from scrap printed circuit boards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hall, William J.; Williams, Paul T. [Energy and Resources Research Institute, The University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom)

    2007-09-15

    Printed circuit boards from waste computers, televisions, and mobile phones were pyrolysed in a fixed bed reactor with the aim of separating and recovering the organic and metallic materials. A selection of printed circuit boards from each of the three waste classes was pyrolysed at 800 C and the pyrolysis products were analysed using GC-FID, GC-TCD, GC-MS, GC-ECD, ICP-MS, and SEM-EDX. The pyrolysis oils contained high concentrations of phenol, 4-(1-methylethyl)phenol, and p-hydroxyphenol, as well as bisphenol A, tetrabromobisphenol A, methyl phenols, and bromophenols. The pyrolysis oils also contained significant concentrations of organo-phosphate compounds and a number of tetrabromobisphenol A pyrolysis products were also identified. The pyrolysis residues were very friable and the organic, glass fibre, and metallic fractions could easily be separated and the electrical components could easily be removed from the remains of the printed circuit boards. The ash in the residue mainly consisted of copper, calcium, iron, nickel, zinc, and aluminium, as well as lower concentrations of valuable metals such as gallium, bismuth, silver, and gold, silver was present in particularly high concentrations. Many other metals were also identified in the ash by ICP-MS and SEM EDX. The pyrolysis gases mainly consisted of CO{sub 2} and CO but all of the C{sub 1}-C{sub 4} alkanes and alkenes were present, as were some inorganic halogens. (author)

  4. Computer Science and Telecommunications Board summary of activities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blumenthal, M.S.

    1992-03-27

    The Computer Science and Telecommunications Board (CSTB) considers technical and policy issues pertaining to computer science, telecommunications, and associated technologies. CSTB actively disseminates the results of its completed projects to those in a position to help implement their recommendations or otherwise use their insights. It provides a forum for the exchange of information on computer science, computing technology, and telecommunications. This report discusses the major accomplishments of CSTB.

  5. [Support of the board on ocean science and policy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1987-12-31

    The National Academy of Sciences, through the Ocean Studies Board of the Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics and Resources, proposes to provide guidance on major ocean sciences and policy issues to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the National Science Foundation, the Department of the Navy, the US Geological Survey, the Minerals Management Service of the Department of the Interior, the US Coast Guard, the Department of State, the Department of Energy, The Environmental Protection Agency, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The work plan for this activity is presented in the program plan section of this proposal. Work plans for subsequent years will be submitted prior to the commencement of work. Financial support is requested for continued support of the Ocean Studies Board activities from 1 June 1987 through 31 May 1989. Funds in the amount of $513,400 are requested for the period 1 June 1987 through 31 May 1988, as indicated in the attached estimate of costs.

  6. (Support of the board on ocean science and policy)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1987-01-01

    The National Academy of Sciences, through the Ocean Studies Board of the Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics and Resources, proposes to provide guidance on major ocean sciences and policy issues to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the National Science Foundation, the Department of the Navy, the US Geological Survey, the Minerals Management Service of the Department of the Interior, the US Coast Guard, the Department of State, the Department of Energy, The Environmental Protection Agency, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The work plan for this activity is presented in the program plan section of this proposal. Work plans for subsequent years will be submitted prior to the commencement of work. Financial support is requested for continued support of the Ocean Studies Board activities from 1 June 1987 through 31 May 1989. Funds in the amount of $513,400 are requested for the period 1 June 1987 through 31 May 1988, as indicated in the attached estimate of costs.

  7. On-Board Processor and Network Maturation for Ariane 6

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clavier, Rémi; Sautereau, Pierre; Sangaré, Jérémie; Disson, Benjamin

    2015-09-01

    In the past three years, innovative avionic technologies for Ariane 6 were evaluated in the tail of three main programs involving various stakeholders: FLPP (Future Launcher Preparatory Program, from ESA), AXE (Avionic-X European, formerly Avionique-X, French public R&T program) and CNES R&T program relying on industrial partnerships. In each avionics’ domain, several technologies were compared, analyzed and tested regarding space launchers system expectations and constraints. Within the frame of on-board data handling, two technologies have been identified as promising: ARM based microprocessors for the computing units and TTEthernet for the on-board network. This paper presents the main outcomes of the data handling preparatory activities performed on the AXE platform in Airbus Defence and Space - Les Mureaux.

  8. A Circuit Board Using a Sheet of Thick Paper and Aluminium Tape

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamata, Masahiro; Honda, Motoshi

    2003-01-01

    We have developed a circuit board using materials that are inexpensive and familiar to elementary school students. Most of the responses from students who made this board were relatively positive and we observed them enjoy making the boards at a Science Festival in Japan and in elementary school. As an application, we also developed a tiny torch…

  9. 48 CFR 1903.670 - Contracts between the Broadcasting Board of Governors and former employees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Broadcasting Board of Governors and former employees. 1903.670 Section 1903.670 Federal Acquisition Regulations System BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS GENERAL IMPROPER BUSINESS PRACTICES AND PERSONAL CONFLICTS OF... Contracts between the Broadcasting Board of Governors and former employees. To avoid conflicts of...

  10. 78 FR 53426 - United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-29

    ... International Trade Administration United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board Charter Renewal AGENCY... Services Administration, renewed the Charter for the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board on August 19, 2013. DATES: The Charter for the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board was...

  11. 12 CFR 708a.3 - Board of directors' approval and members' opportunity to comment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Board of directors' approval and members... REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS CONVERSION OF INSURED CREDIT UNIONS TO MUTUAL SAVINGS BANKS § 708a.3 Board of directors' approval and members' opportunity to comment. (a) A credit union's board of...

  12. 12 CFR 612.2302 - Notification of board of directors and bonding company.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Notification of board of directors and bonding... Criminal Violations § 612.2302 Notification of board of directors and bonding company. (a) The institution's board of directors shall be promptly notified of any criminal referral by the institution,...

  13. An Analysis of the Association between Firms’ Investment Opportunities, Board Composition, and Firm Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Hutchinson, Marion

    2001-01-01

    According to agency theory the corporate board is an important internal governance mechanism. However, the board’s capacity to monitor is jeopardized if internal members (executives of the corporation or others affiliated with management) dominate the board. Critics of corporate governance suggest that board monitoring will be more effective if boards consist primarily of independent outside directors and from increased shareholdings of directors (Kren and Kerr, 1997). However, the results of...

  14. Feasibility of producing insulation boards from oil palm fronds and empty Fruit bunches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanasri Sihabut

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available This research focused on the feasibility of producing insulation boards made from oil palm fronds and empty fruit bunches via the wet forming process. Results confirmed no difference in the visual appearance between both board types. Both displayed low thermal conductivity, offering evidence of being good insulators. Boards made from empty fruit bunch weighed less than boards made from oil palm fronds. Other properties such as fire retardant, water absorption and strength still need to be investigated.

  15. Autonomous On-Board Calibration of Attitude Sensors and Gyros

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pittelkau, Mark E.

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents the state of the art and future prospects for autonomous real-time on-orbit calibration of gyros and attitude sensors. The current practice in ground-based calibration is presented briefly to contrast it with on-orbit calibration. The technical and economic benefits of on-orbit calibration are discussed. Various algorithms for on-orbit calibration are evaluated, including some that are already operating on board spacecraft. Because Redundant Inertial Measurement Units (RIMUs, which are IMUs that have more than three sense axes) are almost ubiquitous on spacecraft, special attention will be given to calibration of RIMUs. In addition, we discuss autonomous on board calibration and how it may be implemented.

  16. School Social Workers Sanctioned by State Departments of Education and State Licensing Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boland-Prom, Kim; Alvarez, Michelle E.

    2014-01-01

    This article presents the results of a study on the unprofessional conduct of school social workers who have been sanctioned by state regulatory boards (boards of education and licensing boards). The data represent information from 14 states and the District of Columbia. Results indicate that school social workers are rarely sanctioned at the…

  17. 78 FR 59058 - Second Call for Nominations for the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-25

    ... in the Federal Register on July 2, 2013 (78 FR 39768), it is not necessary to respond to this Notice... Bureau of Land Management Second Call for Nominations for the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board AGENCY... public nominations for three positions on the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board (Board). The...

  18. 49 CFR 835.11 - Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident... Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information. It is the responsibility... obtain Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and accompanying accident docket files....

  19. Quality control and quality assurance of micromegas readout boards for the ATLAS New Small Wheel

    CERN Document Server

    Nanda, Amit

    2016-01-01

    The resistive anode boards of the Micromegas detectors for ATLAS NSW upgrade, will be produced in industries. The anode boards will be thoroughly evaluated at CERN following a detailed quality control and quality assurance (QA/QC) procedure. The report describes thoroughly the procedures and the design of a small QC tool for easier measurements of electrical properties of the readout boards.

  20. CEO Monitoring and board effectiveness - Resolving CEO compensation issue

    OpenAIRE

    Chiraz Ben Ali; Frederic Teulon

    2014-01-01

    Similar to the Security Exchange Commission (SEC), the French Stock Exchange Authority (AMF) issued new board requirements to enhance manager control after financial scandals (2008-2009). This study investigates the relation between corporate governance and CEO pay levels after taking into acc²ount unobservable firm effects, time-varying industry effects, size, and performance. Using a sample of 290 firm-years observations from SBF 120 Index companies (2009-2011), we find that CEO pay is pos...

  1. Students As Stakeholders: Library Advisory Boards and Privileging Our Users

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erin Dorney

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available In Brief: This article investigates the idea of library student advisory boards as mechanisms for building more student-centered libraries at colleges and universities. Benefits of these types of organizations, measures of success, and the importance of acting on evidence-based user feedback are discussed. Introduction A Google search for “library student advisory board” returns hundreds of results [...

  2. Board diversity and earnings management during the financial crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Pixner, Carina

    2013-01-01

    This thesis analyzes whether a diversified board of directors is negatively related to the level of earnings management during the financial crisis in the year 2008. The factors of diversity concerned in this context are the portion of female and foreign directors, directors aged less than 65 years and the presence of independent directors. The study includes data from 100 Eurozone companies from eight different countries for the time period 2007-2010 which results in 400 firm-year observ...

  3. Alberta's and Ontario's liquor boards: why such divergent outcomes?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bird, Malcolm G

    2010-01-01

    The provinces of Alberta and Ontario have chosen very different methods to distribute alcoholic beverages: Alberta privatized the Alberta Liquor Control Board (ALCB) in 1993 and established a private market to sell beverage alcohol, while Ontario, in stark contrast, opted to retain and expand the Liquor Control Board of Ontario (LCBO). This article examines the reasons for the divergent policy choices made by Ralph Klein and Mike Harris' Conservative governments in each province. The article draws on John Kingdon's “multiple streams decision-making model,” to examine the mindsets of the key decision-makers, as well as “historical institutionalism,” to organize the pertinent structural, historical and institutional variables that shaped the milieu in which decision-makers acted. Unique, province-specific political cultures, histories, institutional configurations (including the relative influence of a number of powerful actors), as well as the fact that the two liquor control boards were on opposing trajectories towards their ultimate fates, help to explain the different decisions made by each government. Endogenous preference construction in this sector, furthermore, implies that each system is able to satisfy all relevant stakeholders, including consumers.

  4. A Versatile Carrier Board and Associated Timer Module Applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richard Evans; Albert Grippo; Kevin Jordan

    2005-10-10

    Because of a need for fast prototyping due to frequent upgrades and a large variety of users at the Jefferson Lab Free Electron Laser Facility (FEL), a 4-slot carrier board was designed along the lines of the Industry Pack carriers, with a 6U4HP form factor. In one slot is an Altera Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) which communicates with an Experimental Physics and Industrial Control Software (EPICS) interface through the main bus, in the immediate case VME, but potentially PCI and others. The FPGA also provides 64 bits of digital i/o and communicates with a local bus that covers the other 3 slots. In these 3 slots may be placed a variety of daughter boards that may be of a size to span 1, 2 or even all 3 spare slots, depending on the job it has to do. Among the uses implemented in the FEL were a simple digital i/o board (only the first slot occupied), and a timer module occupying 2 slots.

  5. Board Composition and Firm Performance: Evidence from Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afzalur Rashid

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the influence of corporate board composition in the form of representation of outsideindependent directors on firm economic performance in Bangladesh. Two hypotheses are developed toexamine the relationship among composition of board memberships including independent directors andfirm performance. An observation of 274 Bangladeshi firm-years is used in the study. A linear regressionanalysis is used to test the hypotheses. Results reveal that the outside (independent directors cannot addpotential value to the firm’s economic performance in Bangladesh. The idea of the introduction ofindependent directors may have benefits for greater transparency, but the non-consideration of theunderlying institutional and cultural differences in an emerging economy such as Bangladesh may not resultin economic value addition to the firm. The findings provide an insight to the regulators in their quest forharmonization of international corporate governance practices.

  6. Governance and School Boards in Non-State Schools in Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Austen, Steven; Swepson, Pam; Marchant, Teresa

    2012-01-01

    The paper explores governance arrangements in non-state school in Australia, using 17 interviews in six schools. The focus is on board composition, structure and reporting. Useful contributions about innovative practice are identified. School boards may benefit from implementing more stakeholder engagement. Existing models of school boards from…

  7. Board on chemical sciences and technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Current and Ongoing Projects include: Committee on Nuclear and Radiochemistry; Committee on Nuclear and Radiochemistry Workshop on Training Requirements for Chemists in Nuclear Medicine, Nuclear Industry, and Related Areas; Committee on Nuclear and Radiochemistry Workshop on High-Temperature and Nuclear Chemical Processes in Severe Reactor Accidents; Committee on Chemical Engineering Frontiers Research Needs and Opportunities; Committee on Separation Science on Technology; Panel on Future Directions for Fundamental Science in Fossil Energy Research; Committee for Handling and Disposal of Biohazards in the Laboratory (BIL); Advisory Panels to the AFSOR Chemical and Atmospheric Sciences Directorate; US National Committee for Pure and Applied Chemistry; US National Committee for Biochemistry; US National Committee for Crystallography

  8. Board on chemical sciences and technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Current and ongoing projects include: Committee on Nuclear and Radiochemistry; Committee on Nuclear Radiochemistry Workshop on Training Requirements for Chemists in Nuclear Medicine, Nuclear Industry, and Related Areas; Committee on Nuclear and Radiochemistry Workshop on High-Temperature and Nuclear Chemical Processes in Severe Reactor Accidents; Committee on Chemical Engineering Frontiers Research Needs and Opportunities; Committee on Separation Science and Technology; Panel on Future Directions for Fundamental Science in Fossil Energy Research; Committee on Office of Naval Research Chemical Sciences Research Planning; Advisory Panels to the Air Force Office of Scientific Research Chemical and Atmospheric Sciences Directorate; US National Committee for Pure and Applied Chemistry; US National Committee for Biochemistry; US National Committee for Crystallography; and NAS Seminar on Interfaces and Thinfilms

  9. The Effect of Board Size and Board Composition on Firms Corporate Environmental Disclosure: A Study of Selected Firms in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uwalomwa Nil Uwuigbe

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Environmental problems have become major headlines due to the negative effects they bring to the stability of the ecosystem. Thus, the increased awareness of social responsibility or, specifically, environmental concern is now a challenge facing the corporate world. Hence this study tests whether board size and board composition have any association with the level of firms’ corporate environmental disclosure in annual reports. To achieve the objective of this study, a total of 40 listed firms on the floor of the Nigerian stock exchange market were used. Also, the study critically developed and utilized the Kinder Lydenberg Domini (KLD rating scheme to analyze the level of corporate environmental disclosure made by firms in their annual reports for the period 2006-2010. In addition, the simple regression analysis was used to test the research propositions as stated in the study. However, empirical findings from the study reveal that while board size has a significant negative relationship with the level of corporate environmental disclosure; board composition on the other hand has a significant positive relationship with the level of firms’ corporate environmental disclosure in the annual report.

  10. Printing and Publishing Industry Training Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    Industrial Training International, 1974

    1974-01-01

    Accounted is the supervisory training program currently in operation in the printing and publishing industry. The purpose of the training program is to increase managerial efficiency and to better prepare new supervisors. (DS)

  11. The Cradle Board and Infant Care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clute, Myron; And Others

    This unit deals with Iroquois culture of the past and the aspects of that culture which continue to exist in the longhouse tradition at the present time. The unit contains three sections: (1) an outline of the concept, Indian infant care, and the vocabulary, objectives, and materials; (2) a lesson plan on the mode of caring for infants in Native…

  12. Interactive Boards and their Function in Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Istvan Fuvesi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In our accelerating world even education has become market-oriented. Learners have to acquire greater and greater amount of knowledge while the number of contact lessons, especially in higher education, become less and less. That is why giving particular information belonging to a certain topic should be raised – one method for this would be visualisation. This means that lectures would be structured in a way that the usual verbal lessons are supplemented by diversed and spectacular visual information. If the informations were followed by pictures, such as diversed diagrams and shown in an interactive way, accompanied by sound effects, the efficacy of teaching would get intensified. The fact that education-supporting new means and circumstances of learning, calls for changes in the methodology of teaching and learning; the educators are required to apply new teaching strategies. Here we would like to present the means and use of Informational and Communicational Technology (in the following: ICT, applied in informatics major. Besides, we also intend to introduce a new framework which plays an important role in forwarding learning material to students. An international lecture course serves as basis for the complex introduction of this framework.

  13. Vibrations on board and health effects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Anker; Jepsen, Jørgen Riis

    2014-01-01

    There is only limited knowledge of the exposure to vibrations of ships’ crews and their risk of vibration-induced health effects. Exposure to hand-arm vibrations from the use of vibrating tools at sea does not differ from that in the land-based trades. However, in contrast to most other work places...... of the health consequences of whole body vibrations in land-transportation, such exposure at sea may affect ships’ passengers and crews. While the relation of back disorders to high levels of whole body vibration has been demonstrated among e.g. tractor drivers, there are no reported epidemiological evidence...

  14. Executive board composition and risk taking

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berger, A.N.; Kick, T.; Schaeck, K.

    2014-01-01

    Little is known about how the demographic characteristics of executive teams affect corporate governance in banking. Exploiting a unique dataset, we investigate how age, gender, and educational composition of executive teams affect the portfolio risk of financial institutions. Using difference-in-di

  15. Women on Boards and Corporate Social Responsibility

    OpenAIRE

    Eunjung Hyun; Daegyu Yang; Hojin Jung; Kihoon Hong

    2016-01-01

    A growing body of research suggests that having more women in the boardroom leads to better corporate social responsibility (CSR) performance. However, much of this work views the CSR-enhancing effect of women directors as largely driven by their moral orientations and rarely considers other underlying mechanisms. Moreover, less explored are the firm-specific conditions under which such CSR-promoting roles of female directors might be performed more (or less) effectively. In this paper, we se...

  16. Board composition and the use of accounting measures :the effect on the relation between CEO compensation and firm performance

    OpenAIRE

    Ellingson, Dee Ann Hetland

    1996-01-01

    Boards of directors of corporations have been criticized for failing to effectively perform their roles of ratifying and monitoring managerial decisions, retaining and terminating top management, and evaluating and rewarding executive performance. critics have suggested that increasing the proportion of outside directors on the board increases independence and improves board effectiveness. Research has provided evidence that the composition of the board affects firm pe...

  17. Recruitment Processes and the Composition of State Boards of Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sroufe, Gerald E.

    The process of selecting State school board members has been of continuing concern for scholars of State educational administration. A widely accepted hypothesis asserts that the composition of State boards of education is a function of the selection process. Evidence collected in a national survey of State board members challenges this…

  18. Board Task Performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Minichilli, Alessandro; Zattoni, Alessandro; Nielsen, Sabina;

    2012-01-01

    identify three board processes as micro-level determinants of board effectiveness. Specifically, we focus on effort norms, cognitive conflicts and the use of knowledge and skills as determinants of board control and advisory task performance. Further, we consider how two different institutional settings...... influence board tasks, and how the context moderates the relationship between processes and tasks. Our hypotheses are tested on a survey-based dataset of 535 medium-sized and large industrial firms in Italy and Norway, which are considered to substantially differ along legal and cultural dimensions....... The findings show that: (i) Board processes have a larger potential than demographic variables to explain board task performance; (ii) board task performance differs significantly between boards operating in different contexts; and (iii) national context moderates the relationships between board processes...

  19. 78 FR 70274 - United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the United States Travel and Tourism...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-25

    ... International Trade Administration United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board AGENCY: International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce... meeting of the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board (Board). This will be the last meeting...

  20. Board Composition and Firm Performance: Evidence from BIST 100 Companies in Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mete KARAYEL

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This study examines how board composition affects firm performance. Female directors, independent directors and foreign directors and board size were taken as the indicators of board composition. The empirical analysis, based on a sample of 100 firms drawn from the BIST 100 Index over a 3-year period, the years between 2012 and 2014. In the study, for financial performance indicators, Return on Assets, and Return on Equity were used and for market performance indicator Market Value to Book Value was used. After the analysis, it is found that, board composition has an impact on firm performance in BIST 100 companies. This study is unique in terms of analyzing the effects of 2012 regulation of mandating at least 1/3 of all board members to be independent directors and suggesting at least one female director to BIST 100 company boards by Capital Boards of Turkey.

  1. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff practice and procedure digest: Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972--December 1991

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This 4th revision of the sixth edition of the NRC Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period of July 1, 1972 to December 31, 1991, interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2

  2. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission Staff Practice and Procedure Digest: Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972--March 1992

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This 5th revision of the sixth edition of the NRC Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period of July 1, 1972 to March 31, 1992, interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2

  3. Top management team and board attributes and firm performance in the Netherlands

    OpenAIRE

    Postma, T.J.B.M.; Ees, H. van; Garretsen, Harry

    1999-01-01

    We survey the evidence on the relationship between board and top management team attributes and firm performance in the Netherlands (sample of 94 listed firms). To this aim we develop hypotheses by using sources from the strategic management and the corporate governance literature. Dutch corporations generally have a two-tier board system. We use the size of the top management team (TMT) and their average age as well as the size of the supervisory board (RVC) and the percentage of outside mem...

  4. Resolving the Tensions between Monitoring, Resourcing and Strategizing: Structures and Processes in High Technology Venture Boards

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, J.; Baden-Fuller, C.; Pool, J. K.

    2011-01-01

    There are key tensions between the two sides of a board's institutional role and function – of controlling and monitoring vs. that of resource gathering and strategizing. Drawing on a 38 month field study of eight new ventures in the UK high technology sector, we take a close look at the structural composition, knowledge base and behaviours of board directors in early stage high technology ventures. Our findings suggest that the early venture board, which typically consists of part-time membe...

  5. Annual report and accounts of the Nuclear Energy Board 1991

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In a year which saw the passing into law of the Radiological Protection Act 1991, and on the international scene the publication of new Recommendations by the International Commission on Radiological Protection, the Nuclear Energy Board deepened the emphasis of its work on the protection of the public and the environment against the risks associated with ionising radiation. This it did particularly through its programme of monitoring of both artificial and natural radioactivity in the environment, regulation of uses of ionising radiation in medicine and industry, development of emergency response capability and participation in international research activities

  6. Design principles and realization of electro-optical circuit boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Betschon, Felix; Lamprecht, Tobias; Halter, Markus; Beyer, Stefan; Peterson, Harry

    2013-02-01

    The manufacturing of electro-optical circuit boards (EOCB) is based to a large extent on established technologies. First products with embedded polymer waveguides are currently produced in series. The range of applications within the sensor and data communication markets is growing with the increasing maturity level. EOCBs require design flows, processes and techniques similar to existing printed circuit board (PCB) manufacturing and appropriate for optical signal transmission. A key aspect is the precise and automated assembly of active and passive optical components to the optical waveguides which has to be supported by the technology. The design flow is described after a short introduction into the build-up of EOCBs and the motivation for the usage of this technology within the different application fields. Basis for the design of EOCBs are the required optical signal transmission properties. Thereafter, the devices for the electro-optical conversion are chosen and the optical coupling approach is defined. Then, the planar optical elements (waveguides, splitters, couplers) are designed and simulated. This phase already requires co-design of the optical and electrical domain using novel design flows. The actual integration of an optical system into a PCB is shown in the last part. The optical layer is thereby laminated to the purely electrical PCB using a conventional PCB-lamination process to form the EOCB. The precise alignment of the various electrical and optical layers is thereby essential. Electrical vias are then generated, penetrating also the optical layer, to connect the individual electrical layers. Finally, the board has to be tested electrically and optically.

  7. Schools In Board - Bridging Arctic Research And Environmental Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barber, D. G.; Barber, L.

    2008-12-01

    Schools on Board (www.arcticnet.ulaval.ca) was created in 2002 to address the outreach objectives of a network of Canadian scientists conducting research in the High Arctic. The program was piloted with great success with the 2004 research program called the Canadian Arctic Shelf Study (CASES). Since then, the S/B program continues as an integral outreach program of the Canadian Network of Centres of Excellence (NCE) known as ArcticNet. The primary objective of the program is to bridge Arctic climate change research with science and environmental education in the public school system. It is a vehicle for scientists and graduate students to share their research program with high schools and the general public. The program encourages schools to include Arctic Sciences into their science programs by linking Arctic research to existing curriculum, providing resources and opportunities to send high school students and teachers into the Arctic to participate in a science expedition on board the Canadian research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen. The field program is an adventure into Arctic research that exposes students and teachers to the objectives and methods of numerous science teams representing a number of research disciplines and institutions from across Canada and beyond. Face-to-face interactions with scientists of all levels (masters, PhD's, researchers, CRC chairs), hands-on experiences in the field and in the labs, and access to state-of-the-art scientific instrumentation, combine to create a powerful learning environment. In addition to hands-on research activities the program introduces participants to many aspects of Canada's North, including local knowledge related to climate change, culture, history, and politics - within the educational program on the ship and the planned visits to Northern communities. During International Polar Year (IPY) Schools on Board collaborated with international researchers and northern agencies from 11 countries to offer one

  8. Board diversity and organizational valuation: unravelling the effects of ethnicity and gender

    OpenAIRE

    Ntim, Collins G

    2015-01-01

    Organizational boards of directors are one of the most important subgroups within most modern organizations, performing critical advisory, monitoring and resource dependence roles. This paper investigates the crucial question of whether the stock market values ethnic and gender diversity within organizational boards. We find that board diversity is positively associated with market valuation. We distinctively demonstrate further that ethnic diversity is valued more highly by the stock market ...

  9. Outside directors on the board, competition and innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Buchwald, Achim; Thorwarth, Susanne

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the influence of non-executive outside directors on firms' innovative performance for a sample of 1,393 listed firms in the EU - 15 member states plus Norway and Switzerland in the period 2005 to 2010. Our results show that the fraction of non-executive outside directors on the board is associated with a significant decrease in the number of patent applications if competition in the market is low. This may indicate that restrictive monitoring and lower advising competences of o...

  10. Recycling of WEEE: Characterization of spent printed circuit boards from mobile phones and computers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: → This paper presents new and important data on characterization of wastes of electric and electronic equipments. → Copper concentration is increasing in mobile phones and remaining constant in personal computers. → Printed circuit boards from mobile phones and computers would not be mixed prior treatment. - Abstract: This paper presents a comparison between printed circuit boards from computers and mobile phones. Since printed circuits boards are becoming more complex and smaller, the amount of materials is constantly changing. The main objective of this work was to characterize spent printed circuit boards from computers and mobile phones applying mineral processing technique to separate the metal, ceramic, and polymer fractions. The processing was performed by comminution in a hammer mill, followed by particle size analysis, and by magnetic and electrostatic separation. Aqua regia leaching, loss-on-ignition and chemical analysis (inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy - ICP-OES) were carried out to determine the composition of printed circuit boards and the metal rich fraction. The composition of the studied mobile phones printed circuit boards (PCB-MP) was 63 wt.% metals; 24 wt.% ceramics and 13 wt.% polymers; and of the printed circuit boards from studied personal computers (PCB-PC) was 45 wt.% metals; 27 wt.% polymers and ceramics 28 wt.% ceramics. The chemical analysis showed that copper concentration in printed circuit boards from personal computers was 20 wt.% and in printed circuit boards from mobile phones was 34.5 wt.%. According to the characteristics of each type of printed circuit board, the recovery of precious metals may be the main goal of the recycling process of printed circuit boards from personal computers and the recovery of copper should be the main goal of the recycling process of printed circuit boards from mobile phones. Hence, these printed circuit boards would not be mixed prior treatment. The results

  11. 77 FR 2541 - Board Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-18

    ... CORPORATION Board Meeting AGENCY: Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation Board; Regular Meeting. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the regular meeting of the Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation Board (Board). DATE AND TIME: The meeting of the Board will be held at the offices of the Farm...

  12. MicroTCA inter-board data communications applied to BPM and LLRF systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Small communication facility-oriented microTCA was chosen as a standardization platform of the control apparatus for next-generation accelerators. In order to realize feedback control of LLRF, the FPGA control board was designed and improved. The FPGA control board is adopted as LLRF of cERL, STF, and SuperKEKB. After high power cavity tests with these boards were performed, beam acceleration operation for STF and cERL and manufacturing for eight stations of SuperKEKB have started. The FPGA control board is equipped with 4ch ADC, 4ch DAC, and a digital input/output. This board realized high-speed control and calculation. The EPICS IOC mounted in the board can perform control which is extended into several boards and that linked with outside systems using Channel Access communication protocol. Recently, a high-speed-data-transmission function between the FPGA control boards and an arithmetic processing board, which enables real time control between boards, has been developed. Examples of application to a BPM/LLRF system are described. (author)

  13. 29 CFR 102.118 - Present and former Board employees prohibited from producing files, records, etc., pursuant to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Board or the Chairman of the Board if the document is in Washington, DC, and in control of the Board; or..., and subject to the supervision or control of the Board or was subject to such supervision or control..., no present or former Regional Director, field examiner, administrative law judge, attorney,...

  14. Editorial Board

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    2011-2015 The World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics Editorial Board consists of 411 members,representing a team of worldwide experts in surgery research.They are from 47 countries,including Argentina(3),Australia(13),Austria(4),Belarus(1),Belgium(3),Brazil(10),Canada(10),China(41),Czech Republic(1),Denmark

  15. Editorial Board

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    2011-2015 The World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics Editorial Board consists of 411 members, representing a team of worldwide experts in surgery research. They are from 47 countries, including Argentina (3), Australia (13), Austria (4), Belarus (1), Belgium (3), Brazil (10), Canada (10), China (41), Czech Republic (1), Denmark (1), Egypt (3), Estonia (1), Finland

  16. 77 FR 9731 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-17

    ... Health and Social Reintegration; and Regenerative Medicine. March 6-8--Rehabilitation Engineering and... Reintegration; and Sensory Systems/Communication. ] The purpose of the Board is to review...

  17. Remuneration Committee, Board Independence and Top Executive Compensation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chii-Shyan Kuo

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we examine whether the levels and structures of top executive compensation vary discernibly with different levels of board independence. We also examine how the newly mandated adoption of the remuneration committee (RC in Taiwan affects the board independence-executive pay relation. The mandatory establishment of RC for Taiwanese public firms, starting in 2011, is intended to strengthen the reasonableness and effectiveness of the executive compensation structure; thus, it is timely and of interest for practitioners and regulators to understand whether the establishment of RCs can effectively discipline top executive compensation policies. We first find that CEOs of firms that do not appoint independent directors have greater levels of annual pay than is the case for firms that have appointed independent directors, after controlling for the effect of CEO pay determinants. Second, we find that CEO pay for early RC adopters is more closely related to firm performance. Third, we find that the establishing of RCs may decrease CEO pay and enhance the pay-performance association, in particular for firms that have not appointed independent directors; however, this effect is not found to be statistically significant.

  18. Atomic Energy Control Board and its role in the regulation of uranium and thorium mines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Laws governing the Atomic Energy Control Board (AECB), its structure and functions is described in the context of the Board's role in uranium and thorium mining. The licensing and compliance procedures are described as they pertain to the objectives of the AECB in protecting workers, the public and the environment during construction, operating and closure of uranium and thorium mining and milling facilities. (OT)

  19. Can healthcare boards really make a difference in quality and safety?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlow, Donald R

    2010-01-01

    There is now a heightened interest on the part of many Canadian healthcare boards in improving processes for assuring quality and safety. This interest has been driven by a number of reports and studies which have identified significant quality and safety issues and the need for greater attention to these by those who lead, including governing boards. Despite progress by some boards, there are those who continue to struggle with their role and how it should be fulfilled. This article addresses why, above all else, quality and safety require greater board attention, precisely what boards should do to fulfill their role and how they should organize themselves to achieve it. Special emphasis is placed on how the boards' role in quality and safety, if properly fulfilled, can and will have a beneficial impact on outcomes.

  20. How Boards Go Wrong--And Right: Observations on the Search and Selection of College Presidents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denton, Rebecca A.; Moore, John E., Jr.

    2009-01-01

    Hiring and evaluating a president is crucial to a college's--and a board's--success. Effective leadership is a much prized commodity, and the leadership challenges for presidents of colleges and universities have many dimensions. Finding and supporting effective leadership is one of the foremost responsibilities of governing boards. In this…

  1. Hospitals and the competitive edge: how educated boards make a difference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dulworth, Sherrie

    2003-01-01

    Hospital leaders face challenges from many different arenas--business, finance, and patient care. One resource often overlooked as a strategic asset is the hospital board of directors. Too often hospital boards erroneously assume or are forced into the roles of either micro-management or crisis management. Board education, which focuses on pertinent healthcare market information and strategic decision making, can help board members' understanding of their roles. As part of its overall plan, hospital leadership should ensure that its board members understand the market environment and its effect upon the hospital's strategic directions, options, and priorities. This article focuses on the structure and type of information that board members need to know to better guide the hospital leadership through the decision-making process and to fulfill their obligations to the institution they serve.

  2. Pilot Boarding Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Pilot boarding areas are locations at sea where pilots familiar with local waters board incoming vessels to navigate their passage to a destination port. Pilotage...

  3. Departmental Appeals Board Decisions

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Decisions issued by the Chair and Board Members of the Departmental Appeals Board concerning determinations in discretionary, project grant programs, including...

  4. Composition and CEO Duality in Boards of Directors: An International Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Dan R Dalton; Idalene F Kesner

    1987-01-01

    This paper provides an empirical assessment comparing board composition (proportion of outside/nonmanagement board members) and CEO duality (role of CEO and chairperson held simultaneously) between samples (n=150) of Japanese, United Kingdom, and United States industrial firms. Results indicate marked differences in these corporate governance dimensions. Implications regarding board independence, and differences in corporate governance internationally are discussed.© 1987 JIBS. Journal of Int...

  5. Board of directors and the internationalization process: The case of Romania

    OpenAIRE

    Bordean, Ovidiu-Niculae; Anca BORZA

    2013-01-01

    This paper attempts to describe the relationship between some board composition (board size, board age, CEO-duality and female representation) and the internationalization strategy in Romanian firms. The data for our study was collected through secondary sources and was aimed at a sample of companies listed at Bucharest Stock Exchange (BSE). We had included in our survey both companies that were pursuing an international strategy and companies that were showing no interest for the internation...

  6. In situ acoustic methods to estimate the physical and mechanical aging of oriented strand board

    OpenAIRE

    Bobadilla Maldonado, Ignacio; Robles, Marta; Martínez, Roberto; Iñiguez Gonzalez, Guillermo; Arriaga Martitegui, Francisco

    2011-01-01

    Following the success achieved in previous research projects usin non-destructive methods to estimate the physical and mechanical aging of particle and fibre boards, this paper studies the relationships between aging, physical and mechanical changes, using non-destructive measurements of oriented strand board (OSB). 184 pieces of OSB board from a French source were tested to analyze its actual physical and mechanical properties. The same properties were estimated using acoustic non-destructiv...

  7. Essays on Financing and Performance: The role of firms, banks and boards

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.T. Fliers (Philip)

    2016-01-01

    markdownabstractThe way firms and their boards interact with their shareholders or financiers is a difficult balancing act. How firms, banks and board fulfil their role has a significant impact on corporate financing decisions and performance. In three studies, this dissertation combines studies in

  8. The small world phenomenon and assortative mixing in Polish corporate board and director networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sankowska, Anna; Siudak, Dariusz

    2016-02-01

    This paper investigates the corporate board and director networks in the Polish capital market in 2014. We examined real board and director networks in comparison with networks that were randomly constructed. Through empirical analyses, we demonstrated that the real networks have the characteristics of small-world networks. In addition, the networks are assortative and highly clustered, which imposes certain behaviors on them.

  9. ChESS - Quick and Robust Detection of Chess-board Features

    OpenAIRE

    Bennett, Stuart; Lasenby, Joan

    2013-01-01

    Localization of chess-board vertices is a common task in computer vision, underpinning many applications, but relatively little work focusses on designing a specific feature detector that is fast, accurate and robust. In this paper the `Chess-board Extraction by Subtraction and Summation' (ChESS) feature detector, designed to exclusively respond to chess-board vertices, is presented. The method proposed is robust against noise, poor lighting and poor contrast, requires no prior knowledge of t...

  10. The Role of Boards of Directors in Corporate Governance: A Conceptual Framework and Survey

    OpenAIRE

    Renee B. Adams; Hermalin, Benjamin E.; Weisbach, Michael S.

    2010-01-01

    This paper is a survey of the literature on boards of directors, with an emphasis on research done subsequent to the Benjamin E. Hermalin and Michael S. Weisbach (2003) survey. The two questions most asked about boards are what determines their makeup and what determines their actions? These questions are fundamentally intertwined, which complicates the study of boards because makeup and actions are jointly endogenous. A focus of this survey is how the literature, theoretical as well as empir...

  11. Boards of Directors in Family Businesses: A Literature Review and Research Agenda

    OpenAIRE

    BAMMENS, Yannick; Voordeckers, Wim; van Gils, Anita

    2011-01-01

    This paper offers a review of the theoretical and empirical literature addressing boards of directors within the unique organizational setting of family businesses. By reviewing and structuring past research, this paper aims to improve the understanding of how family involvement in firms affects the roles and behaviours of boards. The review of the literature is structured according to the family business board's two primary tasks as an internal administrative body, namely the exercise of con...

  12. Boards of directors and firm performance : is there an expectations gap?

    OpenAIRE

    Brennan, Niamh

    2006-01-01

    Reflecting investor expectations, most prior corporate governance research attempts to find a relationship between boards of directors and firm performance. This paper critically examines the premise on which this research is based. An expectations gap approach is applied for the first time to implicit expectations which assume a relationship between firm performance and company boards. An expectations gap has two elements: A reasonableness gap and a performance gap. Seven aspects of boards a...

  13. Board Structure and Firm Performance: Evidence from French Firms Listed in SBF 120

    OpenAIRE

    Aymen Ammari; Mohamad Kadria; Abderrazak Ellouze

    2014-01-01

    Using a sample of 40 French companies listed on the SBF 120 for the period 2002-2009, we examine if board structure (board size, independence of its members andthe cumulativefunctions of decision and control) relate to their performance. To test the validity of our hypothesis,which states the existence of a certain deterministic between the board structure and financialperformance measured by four different ratios, namely ROA, ROE, Tobin's Q and Market to Book, we have developed four dynamic ...

  14. Effects of Excess Cash, Board Attributes and Insider Ownership on Firm Value: Evidence from Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Nadeem Ahmed Sheikh; Muhammad Imran Khan

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether excess cash, board attributes (i.e. board size, board independence and CEO duality) and insider ownership affects the value of the firm. Data were taken from annual reports of non-financial firms listed on the Karachi Stock Exchange (KSE) Pakistan during 2008-2012. Pooled ordinary least squares method used to estimate the effects of excess cash and internal governance indicators on the value of the firm. Our results indicate that...

  15. The Effects of Corporate Ownership Structure and Board Size on Earnings Management: Evidence from Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    Mehmet Aygun; Suleyman Ic; Mustafa Sayim

    2014-01-01

    This study investigates the impact of corporate ownership structure and board size on earnings management for asample of Turkish firms registered on the Istanbul Stock Exchange (ISE) for the period of 2009 to 2012. The corporate ownership structure is measured with two variables: managerial ownership and institutional ownership. The board size can be defined as the number of members in the board. This study also uses three controlled variables: return on assets, size of the firm and financial...

  16. An exploration of micro- and macro-level determinants of board effectiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Minichilli, Alessa Andro; Zattoni, Alessandro; Nielsen, Sabina; Huse, Morten

    2013-01-01

    This paper addresses recent calls to narrow the micro–macro gap in management research (Bamberger, 2008), by incorporating a macro-level context variable (country) in exploring micro-level determinants of board effectiveness. Following the integrated model proposed by Forbes and Milliken (1999), we identify three board processes as micro-level determinants of board effectiveness. Specifically, we focus on effort norms, cognitive conflicts and the use of knowledge and skills as determinants of...

  17. Association between gender diversity in board composition and firm performance: empirical evidence from Finland

    OpenAIRE

    Kiran, A

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the study is to examine the relationship between gender diversity in board composition and firm performance. The relationship is examined using 2011 and 2012 financial performance data for 50 Finnish listed companies. Two models are used to examine the relationship between gender diversity and firm performance. The first model uses percentage of women representation on the boards to measure gender diversity. The second model uses a dummy variable with a value of 1 for boards wi...

  18. Membership of editorial boards and rankings of schools with international business orientation

    OpenAIRE

    Kam C. Chan; Hung-Gay Fung; Pikki Lai

    2005-01-01

    Using 4-year data (1990, 1994, 1998, and 2002), we have provided a ranking of schools with international business (IB) orientation based on the membership of editorial boards of 30 leading international business journals. Participation on the editorial boards of quality journals is highly selective, and should provide a quality indication of the schools. Both quality-unadjusted and adjusted board membership-based ranking are calculated in this study. Several interesting findings are worth not...

  19. How to design and establish a computer bulletin board to support inventors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-12-31

    This booklet is a ``how-to handbook`` to demonstrate the development of an interactive electronic bulletin board as a support network for independent inventors and small business inventors. This will explain step-by-step, how Linking Alaskan Minds{trademark}, the Alaskan model of an interactive computer bulletin board system, was developed and designed to serve as a successfully working, interactive computer bulletin board that links and supports independent inventors in Alaska.

  20. How to design and establish a computer bulletin board to support inventors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-01-01

    This booklet is a how-to handbook'' to demonstrate the development of an interactive electronic bulletin board as a support network for independent inventors and small business inventors. This will explain step-by-step, how Linking Alaskan Minds{trademark}, the Alaskan model of an interactive computer bulletin board system, was developed and designed to serve as a successfully working, interactive computer bulletin board that links and supports independent inventors in Alaska.

  1. A survey. Financial accounting and internal control functions pursued by hospital boards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gavin, T A

    1984-09-01

    Justification for a board committee's existence is its ability to devote time to issues judged to be important by the full board. This seems to have happened. Multiple committees pursue more functions than the other committee structures. Boards lacking an FA/IC committee pursue significantly fewer functions than their counterparts with committees. Substantial respondent agreement exists on those functions most and least frequently pursued, those perceived to be most and least important, and those perceived to be most and least effectively undertaken. Distinctions between committee structures and the full board, noted in the previous paragraph, hold true with respect to the importance of functions. All board structures identified reviewing the budget and comparing it to actual results as important. Committee structures are generally more inclined to address functions related to the work of the independent auditor and the effectiveness of the hospital's system and controls than are full board structures. Functions related to the internal auditor are pursued least frequently by all FA/IC board structures. The following suggestions are made to help boards pay adequate attention to and obtain objective information about the financial affairs of their hospitals. Those boards that do not have some form of an FA/IC committee should consider starting one. Evidence shows chief financial officers have been a moving force in establishing and strengthening such committees. Boards having a joint or single committee structure should consider upgrading their structure to either a single committee or multiple committees respectively. The complexity of the healthcare environment requires that more FA/IC functions be addressed by the board. The board or its FA/IC committee(s) should meet with their independent CPA's, fiscal intermediary auditors, and internal auditors. Where the hospital lacks an internal audit function a study should be undertaken to determine the feasibility of

  2. Training Circuit Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-01-01

    Young Electronics Company's new product is a testboard developed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory as a tool for training and qualifying personnel in board assembly and in the art of soldering components without damaging boards or components. The boards are used for pre- employment testing and employee requalification.

  3. Board power and organizational effectiveness among human service agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Provan, K G

    1980-06-01

    This study examines the importance of an externally powerful board of directors to the effectiveness (ability to attract scarce resources) of 46 human service agencies operating within the same community. Traditional assumptions regarding the importance of a powerful board were supported when effectiveness was operationalized using static measures of funding but were not supported when dynamic measures were used.

  4. The Characteristics of Journal Editorial Boards in Library and Information Science

    OpenAIRE

    Peter Willett

    2013-01-01

    A study of the members of the editorial boards of 16 leading LIS journals shows that the boards vary markedly in size, in diversity (in terms of both gender and nationality) and in the experience and publication/citation profiles (based on Web of Science data) of their board-members. A typical editorial board member will be male, work in the USA, have published their first LIS article in 1995, and have 9.5 publications and 39 non-self citations to those publications, with the publication/cita...

  5. Analysis of airplane boarding via space-time geometry and random matrix theory

    CERN Document Server

    Bachmat, E; Skiena, S S; Stolyarov, N; Berend, D; Bachmat, Eitan; Sapir, Luba; Skiena, Steven; Stolyarov, Natan; berend, Daniel

    2005-01-01

    We show that airplane boarding can be asymptotically modeled by 2-dimensional Lorentzian geometry. Boarding time is given by the maximal proper time among curves in the model. Discrepancies between the model and simulation results are closely related to random matrix theory. We then show how such models can be used to explain why some commonly practiced airline boarding policies are ineffective and even detrimental.

  6. Water Science and Technology Board. Annual report 1991

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1995-01-01

    This report summarizes the activities of the Water Science and Technology Board during 1991. The WSTB is intended to be a dynamic forum, a mechanism by which the broad community of water science, technology, and policy professionals can help assure high-quality national water programs. The principal products of WSTB studies are written reports which cover a wide range of water resources issues of current national concern. A few recent examples are: Restoration of aquatic ecosystems - science, technologies and public policy; Water transfers in the West - efficiency, equity and the environment; Opportunities in the hydrologic sciences; and Ground water models - scientific and regulatory applications. Projects completed, ongoing studies and published reports are described in detail in their respective sections of this report.

  7. Board Formation and Its Endogeneity: An Empirical Study of Russian Firms

    OpenAIRE

    Iwasaki, Ichiro

    2007-01-01

    The statistically typical form of the board of directors in a Russian joint-stock corporation can be characterized as an open managerial supervisory body with a balanced membership of executive corporate officers and outsider directors. In reality, however, there are only a very limited number of Russian firms with this "average" type of corporate boards. The vast majority of Russian joint-stock corporations are either governed by a board of directors with an extremely high outsider directors...

  8. Governing board structure, business strategy, and performance of acute care hospitals: a contingency perspective.

    OpenAIRE

    Young, G; Beekun, R I; Ginn, G O

    1992-01-01

    Contingency theory suggests that for a hospital governing board to be effective in taking on a more active role in strategic management, the board needs to be structured to complement the overall strategy of the organization. A survey study was conducted to examine the strategies of acute care hospitals as related to the structural characteristics of their governing boards. After controlling for organizational size and system membership, results indicated a significant relationship between th...

  9. Thermal Characterization and Lifetime Prediction of LED Boards for SSL Lamp

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Formanek

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This work presents a detailed 3-D thermo-mechanical modelling of two LED board technologies to compare their performance. LED board are considered to be used in high power 800 lumen retrofit SSL (Solid State Lighting lamp. Thermal, mechanical and life time properties are evaluated by numerical modelling. Experimental results measured on fabricated LED board samples are compared to calculated data. Main role of LED board in SSL lamp is to transport heat from LED die to a heat sink and keep the thermal stresses in all layers as low as possible. The work focuses on improving of new LED board thermal management. Moreover, reliability and lifetime of LED board has been inspected by numerical calculation and validated by experiment. Thermally induced stress has been studied for wide temperature range that can affect the LED boards (-40 to +125°C. Numerical modelling of thermal performance, thermal stress distribution and lifetime has been carried out with ANSYS structural analysis where temperature dependent stress-strain material properties have been taken into account. The objective of this study is to improve not only the thermal performance of new LED board, but also identification of potential problems from mechanical fatigue point of view. Accelerated lifetime testing (e.g., mechanical is carried out in order to study the failure behaviour of current and newly developed LED board.

  10. NA62 Level 0 trigger: TELDES and InterTEL boards testing and integration scenario

    CERN Multimedia

    Lupi, Matteo

    2015-01-01

    TELDES is a TEL62 daughter-board used in the generation of the Liquid Krypton Calorimeter primitive for the Level 0 Trigger of the NA62 Experiment. InterTEL is a daughter-board used to interconnect the TEL62s used in the CEDAR, LAV and RICH detectors.

  11. Scrum Board Game

    Science.gov (United States)

    van den Oord, Stefan; van de Goor, Wim

    The Scrum Board Game is a workshop for beginners. It is for people with any role (customer, developer, tester, etc.), who don’t exactly know what a Scrum Board is, or how to create one themselves. The workshop teaches the benefits of a Scrum Board, how to use it, and how to introduce it in projects.

  12. Water Science and Technology Board. Annual report 1993-1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1995-01-01

    This report summarizes the activities of the Water Science and Technology Board during 1993-1994. The WSTB is intended to be a dynamic forum, a mechanism by which the broad community of water science, technology, and policy professionals can help assure high-quality national water programs. The principal products of WSTB studies are written reports which cover a wide range of water resources issues of current national concern. A few recent examples are: Alternatives for ground water cleanup; Managing wastewater in coastal urban areas; and, Water transfers in the West - efficiency, equity and the environment. Projects completed, ongoing studies and published reports are described in detail in their respective sections of this report.

  13. Water Science and Technology Board. Annual report 1992-1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1995-01-01

    This report summarizes the activities of the Water Science and Technology Board during 1992. The WSTB is intended to be a dynamic forum, a mechanism by which the broad community of water science, technology, and policy professionals can help assure high-quality national water programs. The principal products of WSTB studies are written reports which cover a wide range of water resources issues of current national concern. A few recent examples are: Managing wastewater in coastal urban areas; Ground water vulnerability assessment; Water transfers in the West - efficiency, equity and the environment; and Opportunities in the hydrologic sciences. Projects completed, ongoing studies and published reports are described in detail in their respective sections of this report.

  14. Boards of Directors' and Management's Liability in Law in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2011-01-01

    The article demonstrates that written standards for the basis of liability are playing an ever greater role relative to unwritten standards under tort law. It is noted that following the bank failures in the wake of the financial crisis in 2008, a significant number of cases are proceeding...... in Denmark in which liability for exorbitant sums is being imputed to members of the boeard of directors and management and external and internal accountants. The new Danish companies act in force from 1 March 2010 made no apparent change to the standards concerning liability. Nonetheless, the companies act...... emphasizes in various places that this or that is "the responsibility of the board of directors or management", and by emphasizing such legally defined focal points, the companies act is thus nevertheless instrumental in clarifying - and in the longer term perhaps to some degree increasing the stringency...

  15. Sliding contacts on printed circuit boards and wear behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Solleu, J.-P.

    2010-04-01

    Automotive suppliers use since decades printed circuit boards (PCB) gold plating pads, as direct contact interface for low current sliding contacts. Several gold plating processes are available on the market, providing various wear behaviour. Some specific galvanic hard gold (AuCo or AuNi). plating was developed on PCB's. This specific plating generates extra costs due to the material quantity and also the process complexity. In a cost driven industry, the challenge is to use a standard low cost PCB for systems requesting high reliability performances. After a brief overview of standard PCB manufacturing processes and especially gold plating processes, the global experimental results of wear behaviour of three different gold plating technologies will be exposed and an explanation of the correlation between surface key parameters and wear out will be provided.

  16. Water Science and Technology Board Annual Report 2001-2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2002-10-01

    This annual report marks the twentieth anniversary of the Water Science and Technology Board (WSTB) (1982-2002). The WSTB oversees studies of water issues. The principal products of studies are written reports. These reports cover a wide range of water resources issues of national concern. The following three recently issued reports illustrate the scope of the WSTB's studies: Envisioning the Agenda for Water Resources Research in the Twenty-first Century. The Missouri River Ecosystem: Exploring the Prospects for Recovery, and Assessing the TMDL Approach to Water Quality Management. The WSTB generally meets three times each year where discussions are held on ongoing projects, strategic planning, and developing new initiatives. The meetings also foster communication within the water resources community. The annual report includes a discussion on current studies, completed studies 2001-2002, and future plans, as well as a listing of published reports (1983-2002).

  17. 75 FR 69706 - SES Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-15

    ... Performance Review Board (PRB). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Emily Carroll, Chief, Human Resources... and evaluates the initial appraisal of a senior executive's performance by the supervisor and... SAFETY BOARD SES Performance Review Board AGENCY: National Transportation Safety Board. ACTION:...

  18. 76 FR 70169 - SES Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-10

    ..., Performance Review Board (PRB). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Emily T. Carroll, Chief, Human Resources... and evaluates the initial appraisal of a senior executive's performance by the supervisor and... SAFETY BOARD SES Performance Review Board AGENCY: National Transportation Safety Board. ACTION:...

  19. 78 FR 60321 - SES Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    ..., Performance Review Board (PRB). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Emily T. Carroll, Chief, Human Resources... and evaluates the initial appraisal of a senior executive's performance by the supervisor and... SAFETY BOARD SES Performance Review Board AGENCY: National Transportation Safety Board. ACTION:...

  20. 77 FR 60146 - SES Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-02

    ..., Performance Review Board (PRB). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Emily T. Carroll, Chief, Human Resources... and evaluates the initial appraisal of a senior executive's performance by the supervisor and... SAFETY BOARD SES Performance Review Board AGENCY: National Transportation Safety Board. ACTION:...

  1. Endogenously Chosen Boards of Directors and Their Monitoring of the CEO

    OpenAIRE

    Hermalin, Benjamin E.; Weisbach, Michael S.

    1996-01-01

    A fundamental issue in governance research is how boards can be chosen through a process partially controlled by the CEO but yet can still be somewhat effective in monitoring the CEO. We offer an answer based on a model in which board effectiveness is a function of the board's independence. This, in turn, is a function of negotiations (implicit or explicit) between the existing directors and the CEO over who will fill vacancies on the board. We show how the CEO's bargaining power over the boa...

  2. Crushing performance and resource characteristic of printed circuit board scrap

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Hui; GU Guo-hua; QI Yun-feng

    2005-01-01

    The crushing performance of printed circuit board (PCB) was studied on several crushers. The results show that PCB is a material which is difficult to crush. The crushing performance of PCB with disk crusher, especially vibration grinding, which has cut or impact action, excels that of jaw crusher or roller crusher. The PCB scrap is worthwhile to recycle using variety of modern characterization methods. When compared with natural resources, this material stream remains a rich precious metal and nonferrous metals. In PCB scrap, metals account for 47% of the total material composition, in which there exists 19.66% copper, 11.47% iron, 3.93% lead, 300 g/t gold and 5-10 kg/t silver, etc. In addition, the PCB scrap contains 27% of plastics and 26% of refractory oxides.

  3. United State Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff practice and procedure digest: Commission, Appeal Board, and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972--June 1988

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This fifth edition of the NRC Staff Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period from July 1, 1972 to June 30, 1988 interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2. This edition replaces in their entirety earlier editions and supplements and includes appropriate changes reflecting the amendments to the Rules of Practice effective through June 30, 1988

  4. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff practice and procedure digest. Commission, Appearl Board and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972-June 1985. Digest No. 4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This edition of the NRC Staff Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period July 1, 1972 to June 30, 1985 interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2. This edition replaces earlier editions and supplements and includes appropriate changes reflecting the amendment to the Rules of Practice effective June 30, 1985

  5. Keeping the Board in the Dark: CEO Compensation and Entrenchment

    OpenAIRE

    Inderst, Roman; Mueller, Holger M.

    2005-01-01

    We study a model in which a CEO can entrench himself by hiding information from the board that would allow the board to conclude that he should be replaced. Assuming that even diligent monitoring by the board cannot fully overcome the information asymmetry vis-à-vis the CEO, we ask if there is a role for CEO compensation to mitigate the inefficiency. Our analysis points to a novel argument for high-powered, non-linear CEO compensation such as bonus pay or stock options. By shifting the CEO’s ...

  6. Editorial Board

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    2010-2013 The World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics Editorial Board consists of 188 members, representing a team of worldwide experts in gastrointestinal pharmacology and therapeutics research. They are from 36 countries, including Australia (6), Austria (2), Belgium (2), Brazil (1), Canada (7), China (19), Czech (1), Denmark (1), Egypt (1), Estonia (1), Finland (1), France (1), Germany (5), Greece (4), Hungary (1), India (6), Iran (1), Ireland (1), Israel (3), Italy (20),

  7. 75 FR 65404 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-22

    ... AFFAIRS Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting... of the Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board will be held... Service, and the Chief Research and Development Officer on the scientific and technical merit, the...

  8. 32 CFR Appendix E to Part 246 - Stars and Stripes (S&S) Board of Directors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Stars and Stripes (S&S) Board of Directors E... DEFENSE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS STARS AND STRIPES (S&S) NEWSPAPER AND BUSINESS OPERATIONS Pt. 246, App. E Appendix E to Part 246—Stars and Stripes (S&S) Board of Directors A. Organization and...

  9. 78 FR 68100 - Sunshine Act Meeting of the National Museums and Library Services Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-13

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES Institute of Museum and Library Services Sunshine Act Meeting of the National Museums and Library Services Board AGENCY: Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS), NFAH. ACTION: Notice of Meeting. SUMMARY: The National Museum and Library Services Board, which advises the Director...

  10. 77 FR 24741 - Sunshine Act Meeting; National Museum and Library Services Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-25

    ... ARTS AND THE HUMANITIES Sunshine Act Meeting; National Museum and Library Services Board AGENCY: Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS), NFAH. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: This notice sets forth the agenda of the forthcoming meeting of the National Museum and Library Services Board....

  11. 78 FR 54454 - Open Meeting of the Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-04

    ... National Cyber Security Awareness Month, --Update on Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board (PCLOB... National Institute of Standards and Technology Open Meeting of the Information Security and Privacy...: The Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board (ISPAB) will meet Wednesday, October 9, 2013,...

  12. 32 CFR 191.8 - Defense equal opportunity council and EEO boards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Board shall work with career management officials, other key management officials, and union... development in the Department of Defense. The Boards shall work with career management officials, other key..., women, and people with disabilities in management and executive positions at grades 13 and...

  13. An Interactive Attention Board: Improving the Attention of Individuals with Autism and Mental Retardation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahin, Yasar Guneri; Cimen, Fatih Mehmet

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a tool named "Interactive Attention Board" (IAB) and an associated software named "Interactive Attention Boards Software" (IABS) for individuals with Mental Retardation and Autism. The proposed system is based on several theories such as perception and learning theories, and it is intended to improve hand-eye coordination and…

  14. 76 FR 81477 - Announcing an Open Meeting of the Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-28

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Announcing an Open Meeting of the Information Security and...: The Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board (ISPAB) will meet Wednesday, February 1, 2012....C. App., notice is hereby given that the Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board...

  15. 75 FR 39920 - Announcing a Meeting of the Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-13

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Announcing a Meeting of the Information Security and Privacy... Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board (ISPAB) will meet Wednesday, August 4, 2010, from 9 a.m. until...., notice is hereby given that the Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board (ISPAB) will...

  16. 76 FR 34650 - Announcing a Meeting of the Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-14

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Announcing a Meeting of the Information Security and Privacy...: Notice. SUMMARY: The Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board (ISPAB) will meet Wednesday, July 13... is hereby given that the Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board (ISPAB) will meet...

  17. 78 FR 89 - Announcing an Open Meeting of the Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-02

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Announcing an Open Meeting of the Information Security and.... SUMMARY: The Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board (ISPAB) will meet Wednesday, February 13... Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board (ISPAB) will meet Wednesday, February 13, 2013, from 8:00...

  18. 76 FR 50179 - U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-12

    ... include candidates' proven experience in the strategic development and management of travel and tourism... International Trade Administration U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board AGENCY: International Trade.... Travel and Tourism Advisory Board. SUMMARY: The Department of Commerce is currently seeking...

  19. 76 FR 52329 - Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health: Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-22

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health: Notice of Charter Renewal This gives notice under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463) of October 6, 1972, that the Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health, Department of Health and...

  20. Editorial Board

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    2014-2017 The World Journal of Biological Chemistry Editorial Board consists of 473 members,representing a team of worldwide experts in biochemistry and molecular biology.They are from 47 countries,including Argentina(1),Australia(9),Austria(4),Belgium(5),Brazil(10),Canada(12),Chile(1),China(44),Cyprus(1),Czech Repoublic(1),Egypt(3),Finland(1),France(16),Germany(12),Greece(6),Hungary(1),India(8),Iran(3),Ireland(1),Israel(7),Italy

  1. Employee Ownership, Board Representation, and Corporate Financial Policies

    OpenAIRE

    Ginglinger, Edith; Megginson, William; Waxin, Timothee

    2011-01-01

    French law mandates that employees of large publicly listed companies be allowed to elect two types of directors to represent employees. First, partially privatized companies must reserve two or three (depending on board size) board seats for directors elected by employees by right of employment. Second, employee-shareholders in any public company have the right to elect one director whenever they hold at least 3% of outstanding shares. These two rights have engendered substantial employee re...

  2. Research for School Board Members: Teacher Militancy, Negotiations, and Strikes. PREP-8.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stollar, Dewey H.; And Others

    The documents in this kit, second in a series on Research for School Board Members, analyzes the continuing rise in teacher militancy, the causes and effects on public education, community relations, methods of teaching and administration. Also discussed is the responsibility of School Boards and their administrators in dealing with the teachers…

  3. California School Boards: Professional Development and the Masters in Governance Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canal, Sergio Alfredo

    2013-01-01

    The California School Board Association's (CSBA) Professional Governance Standards, Lee Bolman and Terrence Deal's framework for leadership and management, and the Lighthouse Inquiry of the Iowa Association of School Boards provided the framework to understand the impact of the Masters in Governance (MIG) training provided by the CSBA on…

  4. Integrity, Culture, and Other Intangibles for Building Long-Term Value--The Board's Critical Responsibility

    OpenAIRE

    Stout, John H.

    2012-01-01

    Governance is a discipline different from management. Understanding that concept is the first step toward improving board practices. While management designs, recommends to the board, and executes the company s strategy and business plan within an agreed budget, governance focuses on active, vigorous oversight of the company and its management. This paper presents a practical guide for boa...

  5. Board Members: Here's Whom You Can Trust--And how Far.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Joy J.

    1988-01-01

    Trust is essential to every school board member striving to fulfill responsibilities to the electorate and the school system. Trust should not be blind, but based on experience and informed reasoning. Suggestions for trusting the superintendent, fellow board members, legal counsel, independent auditors, the democratic process, and oneself are…

  6. 49 CFR 1103.12 - The practitioner's duty to and attitude toward the Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false The practitioner's duty to and attitude toward the... to and attitude toward the Board. (a) It is the duty of the practitioner to maintain a respectful attitude toward the Board and for the importance of the functions it administers. In many respects...

  7. 77 FR 75148 - Request for Applications for United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-19

    ... International Trade Administration Request for Applications for United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board... membership on the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board. SUMMARY: The Department of Commerce is currently seeking applications for four memberships on the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory...

  8. 78 FR 53147 - Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health: Notice of Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-28

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health: Notice of Charter Renewal This gives notice under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463) of October 6, 1972, that the Advisory Board on Radiation and Worker Health, Department of...

  9. 19 CFR 10.5 - Shooks and staves; cloth boards; port director's account.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Shooks and staves; cloth boards; port director's... Provisions Articles Exported and Returned § 10.5 Shooks and staves; cloth boards; port director's account. (a... returned as boxes or barrels shall file in triplicate with the director of the port of exportation,...

  10. Board Member Development in the Public, Voluntary and Social Housing Sectors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, Carolyn; Preece, David

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: Given a number of recent and ongoing changes to the role and responsibilities of executive and non-executive board members of UK social housing organisations, the paper aims to offer a literature review which explores the development provision for board members within such organisations. The paper's key question is: "How are executive and…

  11. Board Brasileiro de Ortodontia e Ortopedia Facial: certificando excelência Brazilian Board of Orthodontics and Facial Orthopedics: certifying excellence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto M. A. Lima Filho

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available O Board Brasileiro de Ortodontia e Ortopedia Facial (BBO é uma entidade de Certificação Nacional de padrão de excelência clínica no exercício da especialidade. O artigo, ora apresentado, traz o histórico da criação do BBO, sua estrutura e as fases que compõem a avaliação para obtenção da Certificação. Apresenta, ainda, o relato do primeiro exame aplicado no Brasil. O objetivo é multiplicar o conhecimento, entre os profissionais da área, sobre a importância da Certificação BBO como garantia do mais alto grau de qualidade no tratamento ortodôntico.The Brazilian Board of Orthodontics and Facial Orthopedics (BBO is the institution that certifies the standards of clinical excellence in the practice of this specialty. This article describes the history of BBO's creation and the examination structure and phases to obtain the BBO Certification. It also presents a detailed report of the first exam applied in Brazil. Its purpose is to expand the knowledge, among professionals in the area, about the importance of BBO Certification as assurance of the highest level of quality in orthodontic treatments.

  12. An interface board for the control and data acquisition of the Medipix2 chip

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    San Segundo Bello, David; Beuzekom, van Martin; Jansweijer, Peter; Verkooijen, Hans; Visschers, Jan

    2003-01-01

    We have designed an interface board between the Medipix2 chip and a general-purpose commercial PCI-based acquisition card, making the Medipix2 fully controllable from a PC. The main component on the board is an FPGA that implements the data transmission between the chip and the PC, as well as a numb

  13. Academic Boards: Less Intellectual and More Academic Capital in Higher Education Governance?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowlands, Julie

    2013-01-01

    A historically informed analysis of the academic board or senate in Australian universities, and in the wider higher education environment, particularly the UK, indicates that the role and function of academic boards has fundamentally changed in the past 30 years. Within the context of universities being repositioned to serve global knowledge…

  14. 78 FR 63454 - Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, Scientific Advisory Board; Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-24

    ... of the Secretary Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, Scientific Advisory Board... of the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program Scientific Advisory Board on October.... ACTION: Notice; cancellation of meeting. SUMMARY: On Tuesday, September 24, 2013 (78 FR 58526-58528),...

  15. 78 FR 6854 - Health Services Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-31

    ... AFFAIRS Health Services Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting..., Program Manager, Scientific Merit Review Board, Department of Veterans Affairs, Health Services Research.... App. 2, that the Centers of Innovation subcommittee of the Health Services Research and...

  16. A study of the role, contribution and performance of UK board directors

    OpenAIRE

    Kakabadse, Andrew P.; Kakabadse, Nada K.; Myers, Andrew

    2008-01-01

    The quality, integrity, skill and wisdom of UK Board Chairmen is seen to be unimpeachable. However, a comprehensive survey of all FTSE 350 Directors raises question marks over the effectiveness of their contributions to Board performance, effective organisational governance and shareholder accountability. These three concerns offer real opportunities for improved performance.

  17. 77 FR 56635 - The Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-13

    ... Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Advisory Board AGENCY: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Postsecondary Education, The Historically Black College and University Capital Financing...: The Board is authorized by Title III, Part D, Section 347, of the Higher Education Act of 1965,...

  18. 78 FR 69682 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response: Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-20

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response: Notice of Charter Renewal This gives notice under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463) of October 6, 1972, that the Board of Scientific Counselors,...

  19. 78 FR 69682 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control: Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-20

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control: Notice of Charter Renewal This gives notice under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463) of October 6, 1972, that the Board of Scientific...

  20. 76 FR 77537 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control: Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-13

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control: Notice of Charter Renewal This gives notice under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463) of October 6, 1972, that the Board of Scientific...

  1. 76 FR 9577 - Board of Scientific Counselors, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health: Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-18

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health: Notice of Charter Renewal This gives notice under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463) of October 6, 1972, that the Board of Scientific...

  2. 76 FR 77235 - Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response: Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-12

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Board of Scientific Counselors, Office of Public Health Preparedness and Response: Notice of Charter Renewal This gives notice under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463) of October 6, 1972, that the Board of Scientific Counselors,...

  3. 76 FR 54078 - Cotton Board Rules and Regulations: Adjusting Supplemental Assessment on Imports

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-31

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 1205 Cotton Board Rules and Regulations: Adjusting Supplemental... Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) is amending the Cotton Board Rules and Regulations by updating the value... Register on December 10, 1991, (56 FR 64470). A proposed rule implementing the amended Order was...

  4. 76 FR 32088 - Cotton Board Rules and Regulations: Adjusting Supplemental Assessment on Imports

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-03

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 1205 Cotton Board Rules and Regulations: Adjusting Supplemental... Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) is proposing the 2011 amendments to the Cotton Board Rules and Regulations... the Federal Register on December 10, 1991 (56 FR 64470). A proposed rule implementing the...

  5. 12 CFR 7.2024 - Staggered terms for national bank directors and size of bank board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... size of bank board. 7.2024 Section 7.2024 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF... bank directors and size of bank board. (a) Staggered terms. Any national bank may adopt bylaws that... bylaws so amended. (b) Maximum term. Any national bank director may hold office for a term that does...

  6. 77 FR 60106 - Membership of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-02

    ... Performance Review Board (PRB). The NOAA PRB is responsible for reviewing performance appraisals and ratings... Dent Smith, Deputy Director, Office of Human Resources ] Management. U.S. Department of Commerce. Mark... Administration Performance Review Board AGENCY: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration...

  7. 78 FR 68027 - Membership of the Bureau of Industry and Security Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-13

    ... Performance Review Board. The Performance Review Board is responsible for (1) reviewing performance appraisals.... Stewart, Department of Commerce, Office of Human Resources Management, Office of Executive Resources, 14th... performance appraisals and rating of Senior Executive Service (SES) members and (2) making recommendations......

  8. School Boards: the Overlooked Shapers of School Culture and Organizational Efficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, Edward S.

    2010-01-01

    As a result of increased federal control, the push for national curricula, and explicit school accountability standards, the ability of local school boards to lead public education has been questioned and left unanswered by the lack of applicable school board research. Hence, the purpose of this study was to consider the relationship between…

  9. Diversity at the Head Table : Bringing Complementary Skills and Experiences to the Board

    OpenAIRE

    Argüden, Yılmaz

    2010-01-01

    A well-functioning board of directors needs diversity of experience and perspectives. If everybody thinks the same, then there is no need for a board; one individual would suffice! Diversity for its own sake, however, is not an improvement in governance; what matters is the combination of complementary skills and experiences that members bring to the table to better address the challenges ...

  10. INFLUENCE OF BOARDS DIAMETRICAL POSITION AND STEAMING ON THE DRYING DEFECTS OF Eucalyptus grandis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fred Willians Calonego

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the Eucalyptus grandis drying defects acting on boards diametrical position and on log steaming. Half of the logs, with diameter from 20 to <25, 25 to <30 and 30 to <35cm, were steamed during 20 hours at 90ºC of temperature. Subsequently, the logs (control and steamed were sawn. The boards were dried in the dry-kiln pilot and the resulting defects from the drying process were measured. The results indicate that: (1 the boards coming from control logs presented different magnitude defects in function of the diametrical position. The split and spring to increase in direction to pith, the bow to increase in direction to bark and cupping were bigger in intermediary boards; (2 the boards coming from steamed logs presented a reduction from drying defects in function of logs diameter and its more homogeneous index in the pith-bark direction.

  11. 12 CFR 989.3 - Requirement to provide financial and other information to the Finance Board and the Office of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... information to the Finance Board and the Office of Finance. 989.3 Section 989.3 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD OFFICE OF FINANCE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF THE BANKS § 989.3 Requirement to provide financial and other information to the Finance Board and the Office of Finance. In order to facilitate...

  12. Does the Size and Composition of the Board of Directors of Shinkin Banks Affect their Risk Taking and Efficiency?

    OpenAIRE

    Tsutomu Chano; Yoshiro Tsutsui

    2014-01-01

    This paper investigates the effect of the size and composition of the board of directors of Shinkin Banks on their efficiency and risk taking. Because employees are important stakeholders in Japanese firms, we define the relative size of the board of directors as the number of directors per employee. We also consider the composition of the board; specifically, we employ a dummy variable representing whether the board includes directors who were not employees of that Shinkin Bank, and also the...

  13. Does governance matter? Board configuration and performance in not-for-profit hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, Jeffrey A; Lee, Shoou-Yih D

    2006-01-01

    As performance accountabilities, external oversight, and market competition among not-for-profit (NFP) hospitals have grown, governing boards have been given a more central leadership role. This article examines these boards' effectiveness, particularly how their configuration influenced a range of performance outcomes in NFP community hospitals. Results indicate that hospitals governed by boards using a corporate governance model, versus hospitals governed by philanthropic-style boards, were likely to be more efficient and have more admissions and a larger share of the local market. Occupancy and cash flow were generally unrelated to hospitals' governing board configuration. However, effects of governance configuration were more pronounced in freestanding and public NFP hospitals compared with system-affiliated and private NFP hospitals, respectively. PMID:17096640

  14. Does governance matter? Board configuration and performance in not-for-profit hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, Jeffrey A; Lee, Shoou-Yih D

    2006-01-01

    As performance accountabilities, external oversight, and market competition among not-for-profit (NFP) hospitals have grown, governing boards have been given a more central leadership role. This article examines these boards' effectiveness, particularly how their configuration influenced a range of performance outcomes in NFP community hospitals. Results indicate that hospitals governed by boards using a corporate governance model, versus hospitals governed by philanthropic-style boards, were likely to be more efficient and have more admissions and a larger share of the local market. Occupancy and cash flow were generally unrelated to hospitals' governing board configuration. However, effects of governance configuration were more pronounced in freestanding and public NFP hospitals compared with system-affiliated and private NFP hospitals, respectively.

  15. 78 FR 66785 - SES Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-06

    ..., Chief, Human Resources Division, Office of Administration, National Transportation Safety Board, 490 L... Boards. The board reviews and evaluates the initial appraisal of a senior executive's performance by the... SAFETY BOARD SES Performance Review Board AGENCY: National Transportation Safety Board. ACTION:...

  16. 75 FR 38079 - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Science Advisory Board (SAB)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Gulf of Mexico; (2) Grand Scientific Challenges: Results From the NOAA Science Workshop; (3) NOAA... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Science Advisory Board (SAB) AGENCY: Office of... of Commerce (DOC). ACTION: Notice of open meeting. SUMMARY: The Science Advisory Board (SAB)...

  17. 75 FR 5288 - Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, Scientific Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-02

    ... of the Secretary Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, Scientific Advisory Board... section 10(a)(2) of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (Pub. L. 92-463). The Scientific Advisory Board will meet on March 2-4, 2010, to review new start research requesting Strategic Environmental...

  18. 47 CFR 15.102 - CPU boards and power supplies used in personal computers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... computers. 15.102 Section 15.102 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Unintentional Radiators § 15.102 CPU boards and power supplies used in personal computers. (a... modifications that must be made to a personal computer, peripheral device, CPU board or power supply...

  19. 29 CFR 24.110 - Decision and orders of the Administrative Review Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... attorney's fees) reasonably incurred. (e) If the Board determines that the respondent has not violated the... Toxic Substances Control Act, exemplary damages may also be awarded when appropriate. At the request of... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Decision and orders of the Administrative Review Board....

  20. Forming the face of green products: Mood boards and early consumer involvement in ship interior design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Murto, P.; Ahola, M.; Person, F.E.O.K.

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we study mood boards and the process by which they can be used to understand consumer inferences about environmental sustainability in the early stages of green product development. As a component of a research project on sustainable ship design, we created mood boards showcasing thre

  1. 78 FR 11915 - Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-20

    ..., Release No. 68921/February 13, 2013] Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support Fee for Calendar Year 2013 The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as amended (the ``Sarbanes-Oxley Act''),\\1\\ established the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (``PCAOB'') to...

  2. 77 FR 2576 - Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-18

    ... Release No. 34-66141/January 11, 2012] Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support Fee for Calendar Year 2012 The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as amended (the ``Sarbanes-Oxley Act''),\\1\\ established the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board...

  3. A generic FPGA-based detector readout and real-time image processing board

    CERN Document Server

    Sarpotdar, Mayuresh; Safonova, Margarita; Murthy, Jayant

    2016-01-01

    For space-based astronomical observations, it is important to have a mechanism to capture the digital output from the standard detector for further on-board analysis and storage. We have developed a generic (application- wise) field-programmable gate array (FPGA) board to interface with an image sensor, a method to generate the clocks required to read the image data from the sensor, and a real-time image processor system (on-chip) which can be used for various image processing tasks. The FPGA board is applied as the image processor board in the Lunar Ultraviolet Cosmic Imager (LUCI) and a star sensor (StarSense) (instruments developed by our group). In this paper, we discuss the various design considerations for this board and its applications in the future balloon and possible space flights.

  4. The causal effect of board size in the performance of small and medium-sized firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bennedsen, Morten; Kongsted, Hans Christian; Meisner Nielsen, Kasper

    2008-01-01

    Empirical studies of large publicly traded firms have shown a robust negative relationship between board size and firm performance. The evidence on small and medium-sized firms is less clear; we show that existing work has been incomplete in analyzing the causal relationship due to weak...... identification strategies. Using a rich data set of almost 7000 closely held corporations we provide a causal analysis of board size effects on firm performance: We use a novel instrument given by the number of children of the chief executive officer (CEO) of the firms. First, we find a strong positive...... correlation between family size and board size and show this correlation to be driven by firms where the CEO's relatives serve on the board. Second, we find empirical evidence of a small adverse board size effect driven by the minority of small and medium-sized firms that are characterized by having...

  5. BOARD DIVERSITY AND GENDER COMPOSITION ON CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND FIRM REPUTATION IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farah Margaretha

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to find out the impact of board diversity and gender composition on CSR performance and firm reputation. This study also revealed the role of CSR performance as a mediator in the impact of board diversity, gender composition, and firm reputation. Samples were chosen from companies awarded Indonesia’s Best Wealth Creator Award for year 2010–2012 by SWA Magazine, Indonesia, using purposive sampling. This study showed that CSR performance and gender composition had positive impact on firm reputation but did not significantly impact board diversity.

  6. 76 FR 70151 - Draft Guidance for Industry, Clinical Investigators, Institutional Review Boards, and Food and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-10

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry, Clinical Investigators, Institutional Review Boards, and Food and Drug Administration Staff; Food and Drug Administration Decisions for Investigational Device Exemption Clinical Investigations; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration,...

  7. Final Report and Documentation for the PLD11 Multipurpose Programmable Logic VME Board Design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hutchinson, Robert L.; Pierson, Lyndon G.; Robertson, Perry J.; Tarman, Thomas D.; Witzke, Edward L.

    1999-04-01

    The PLD11 board is a 9U VME board containing 11 Altera 10K100 Programmable Logic Devices, controlled impedance clock tree, VME interface, programming inteface, 0C3 (155 Mbps) interface and serial port. The 11 Altera 10K100 Programmable Logic Devices arranged to provide four 96 bit wide buses for a total of 384 parallel digital data lines in and out of the board that can operate up to 100 Mhz for a aggrigate throughput of 38.4 Gpbs. The 14.44" X 15.75" board has over 1.1 million programmable gates that can be programmed through a serial interace. The board contains a clock reference and 50 ohm clock distribution tree that can drive each of the eleven 10K100 devices with two critically timed clock references. Five external clock references can be used to drive five additional PLD 11 boards for a total of six boards operating all from the same synchronous clock reference. A system of six boards provides just under 7 million programmable gates.

  8. Final Report and Documentation for the PLD11 Multipurpose Programmable Logic VME Board Design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hutchinson, Robert L.; Pierson, Lyndon G.; Robertson, Perry J.; Tarman, Thomas D.; Witzke, Edward L.

    1999-04-01

    The PLD11 board is a 9U VME board containing 11 Altera 10K100 Programmable Logic Devices, controlled impedance clock tree, VME interface, programming inteface, 0C3 (155 Mbps) interface and serial port. The 11 Altera 10K100 Programmable Logic Devices arranged to provide four 96 bit wide buses for a total of 384 parallel digital data lines in and out of the board that can operate up to 100 Mhz for a aggrigate throughput of 38.4 Gpbs. The 14.44 X 15.75 board has over 1.1 million programmable gates that can be programmed through a serial interace. The board contains a clock reference and 50 ohm clock distribution tree that can drive each of the eleven 10K100 devices with two critically timed clock references. Five external clock references can be used to drive five additional PLD 11 boards for a total of six boards operating all from the same synchronous clock reference. A system of six boards provides just under 7 million programmable gates.

  9. Design and construction of indigenously electronic boards for the automatic control of MNSR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Development, implementation, and manufacturing, indigenously, the first-of-a kind prototype of the electronic automatic control board of MSNR was made in this work. The new prototype includes some specific modifications that take into consideration the availability of electronic elements in the local market, the possibility to manufacture the control board indigenously, and the availability of such board as spare parts on reserve: The manufactured board has been tested (as cooled test) to check for functionality or malfunction before installation as part of the control and operating system. Later on, the board will be installed and tested as part of the above mentioned system to check whether it functions correctly under normal operating conditions (as hot test). (author)

  10. Optical interconnection on PCB level using MT compatible connectors and fiber-embedded boards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHEN Guang; CAO Ming-cui; LUO Feng-guang; HUANG Ping; HUANG Qi-rui

    2006-01-01

    Optical interconnection between LSIC (Large Scale Integrated circuit) is an increasing demand as data communication is growing very fast, whereas electronic interconnection could hardly satisfy the fastgrowing request of data rate. A realization of on-board optical connection is described in this paper, of which multimode fibers were buried into the RF4 board by cutting grooves on the surface of the board with a LPKF ProtoMat95sll, and two MT connectors were reconstructed to form an input-and-output couple in the board. Optical transmission at 2.5 Gbit/s× 12 channels data rate was demonstrated and a widely opening eye pattern was achieved. Large scale prototype of dense-multimode-fiber-embedded board for the backplane application was also fabricated by using the methods mentioned in this paper.

  11. Symptoms, airway physiology and histology of workers exposed to medium-density fiber board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmström, M; Rosén, G; Wilhelmsson, B

    1991-12-01

    Medium-density fiber (MDF) board was recently introduced in the furniture industry. In this pilot study health complaints, physiology, and histology of the upper airways were evaluated for two groups of workers, one handling MDF board for at least one-third of their work week (MDF group) and another handling traditional fiber board. Civil servants served as a reference group. The frequency of health complaints concerning the airways was higher, the sense of smell was poorer, and the frequency of nasal obstruction measured with rhinomanometry was higher for the MDF group, while mucociliary activity was lower in the group handling traditional board. In both groups forced vital capacity was low when compared with expected values. Histological specimens from the middle turbinate of the nose showed, in a few cases, nasal epithelial dysplasia in the traditional board group, but histological changes in terms of scoring did not differ significantly between the groups. PMID:1788535

  12. An Opportunity for Board Development: The Director-Board Relationship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gadzikowski, Ann; Lipton, Linda

    2004-01-01

    One of the very unique characteristics of child care boards is the prevalence of parent volunteers serving as board members. When parents serve as board members, a number of challenges are created. Because most parents do not have previous board experience and they are both clients as well as trustees, there is the potential for conflicts of…

  13. Citizen advisory boards: An empirical model for choosing goals and methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kunsberg, P.

    1994-12-01

    This is a study of Citizen Advisory Boards (CABS) undertaken for the Department of Energy (DOE) to draw practical insights from the accumulated experience of CAB members and agency officials who have worked with these boards over many years. Hence the main research tool is in-depth interviews of these individuals. In addition, the study relies on field observations of CABs at work, historical documentation of individual boards, and a large body of academic, professional, and government literature. The DOE is in the process of establishing Site Specific Advisory Boards (SSABs) at most of its major facilities in order to provide for community involvement in the DOE environmental restoration and environmental management programs, but these boards initiated by DOE do not yet have enough of a track-record for a study of this type. Consequently, the study focused on CABs at six other federal agencies which have had substantial experience with boards that are similar in composition and purpose to the SSABs. The study examined common problem that confront virtually every CAB in its organization and its decision-making process. For example, each board faces difficult issues in defining its goals and representational responsibilities, selection of members, selection of issues, reaching agreement on recommendations to the parent agency, getting responsive action from the parent agency, and evaluating the board`s success over time. An effort was made to identify solutions or best approaches to these fundamental problems such that the recommended approach has broad application to citizen advisory boards concerned with environmental issues. The conclusions of the study are summarized in a model which incorporates the optimal approaches discovered with respect to each of the critical issues. While acknowledging that the particular circumstances of a CAB may call for individual variations, the model provides a fairly comprehensive description of recommended features of a CAB.

  14. 7 CFR 1219.33 - Subsequent nomination and appointment of Board members and alternates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HASS AVOCADO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Hass Avocado Promotion, Research, and Information Order The Hass Avocado Board § 1219.33 Subsequent nomination and appointment of...

  15. Commercial Crew Program and the Safety Technical Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullen, Macy

    2016-01-01

    The Commercial Crew Program (CCP) is unique to any other program office at NASA. After the agency suffered devastating budget cuts and the Shuttle Program retired, the U.S. gave up its human spaceflight capabilities. Since 2011 the U.S. has been dependent on Russia to transport American astronauts and cargo to the International Space Station (ISS) and back. NASA adapted and formed CCP, which gives private, domestic, aerospace companies unprecedented reign over America's next ride to space. The program began back in 2010 with 5 companies and is now in the final phase of certification with 2 commercial partners. The Commercial Crew Program is made up of 7 divisions, each working rigorously with the commercial providers to complete the certification phase. One of these 7 divisions is Systems Engineering and Integration (SE&I) which is partly comprised of the Safety Technical Review Board (STRB). The STRB is primarily concerned with mitigating improbable, but catastrophic hazards. It does this by identifying, managing, and tracking these hazards in reports. With the STRB being in SE&I, it significantly contributes to the overall certification of the partners' vehicles. After the partners receive agency certification approval, they will have the capability to provide the U.S. with a reliable, safe, and cost-effective means of human spaceflight and cargo transport to the ISS and back.

  16. Corporate Governance and Corporate Social Performance: The Influence of Boards, Ownership and Institutions

    OpenAIRE

    Kurt A. Desender; Mircea Epure

    2015-01-01

    We analyze how ownership concentration and type, and board independence are related to corporate social performance (CSP). Drawing from agency and team production theories, we argue that the distribution of costs and benefits to shareholders and other stakeholders is crucial to understand what drives CSP. We analyze an international panel of listed firms and reveal that CSP is negatively related to ownership concentration, but positively to board independence. Furthermore, the ownership type ...

  17. Corporate governance and corporate social performance: The influence of ownership, boards and institutions

    OpenAIRE

    Kurt A. Desender; Epure, Mircea

    2013-01-01

    We analyze how ownership concentration and type, and board independence are related to corporate social performance (CSP). Drawing from agency and team production theories, we argue that the distribution of costs and benefits to shareholders and other stakeholders is crucial to understand what drives CSP. We analyze an international panel of listed firms and reveal that CSP is negatively related to ownership concentration, but positively to board independence. Furthermore, the ownership type ...

  18. 26 CFR 1.501(c)(6)-1 - Business leagues, chambers of commerce, real estate boards, and boards of trade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Business leagues, chambers of commerce, real estate boards, and boards of trade. 1.501(c)(6)-1 Section 1.501(c)(6)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Exempt Organizations § 1.501(c)(6)-1...

  19. Waste printed circuit board recycling techniques and product utilization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hadi, Pejman; Xu, Meng [Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Department, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay Road, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (Hong Kong); Lin, Carol S.K. [School of Energy and Environment, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (Hong Kong); Hui, Chi-Wai [Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Department, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay Road, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (Hong Kong); McKay, Gordon, E-mail: kemckayg@ust.hk [Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Department, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay Road, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (Hong Kong); Division of Sustainable Development, College of Science, Engineering and Technology, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Qatar Foundation, Doha (Qatar)

    2015-02-11

    Highlights: • There is a major environmental issue about the printed circuit boards throughout the world. • Different physical and chemical recycling techniques have been reviewed. • Nonmetallic fraction of PCBs is the unwanted face of this waste stream. • Several applications of the nonmetallic fraction of waste PCBs have been introduced. - Abstract: E-waste, in particular waste PCBs, represents a rapidly growing disposal problem worldwide. The vast diversity of highly toxic materials for landfill disposal and the potential of heavy metal vapors and brominated dioxin emissions in the case of incineration render these two waste management technologies inappropriate. Also, the shipment of these toxic wastes to certain areas of the world for eco-unfriendly “recycling” has recently generated a major public outcry. Consequently, waste PCB recycling should be adopted by the environmental communities as an ultimate goal. This article reviews the recent trends and developments in PCB waste recycling techniques, including both physical and chemical recycling. It is concluded that the physical recycling techniques, which efficiently separate the metallic and nonmetallic fractions of waste PCBs, offer the most promising gateways for the environmentally-benign recycling of this waste. Moreover, although the reclaimed metallic fraction has gained more attention due to its high value, the application of the nonmetallic fraction has been neglected in most cases. Hence, several proposed applications of this fraction have been comprehensively examined.

  20. Waste printed circuit board recycling techniques and product utilization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • There is a major environmental issue about the printed circuit boards throughout the world. • Different physical and chemical recycling techniques have been reviewed. • Nonmetallic fraction of PCBs is the unwanted face of this waste stream. • Several applications of the nonmetallic fraction of waste PCBs have been introduced. - Abstract: E-waste, in particular waste PCBs, represents a rapidly growing disposal problem worldwide. The vast diversity of highly toxic materials for landfill disposal and the potential of heavy metal vapors and brominated dioxin emissions in the case of incineration render these two waste management technologies inappropriate. Also, the shipment of these toxic wastes to certain areas of the world for eco-unfriendly “recycling” has recently generated a major public outcry. Consequently, waste PCB recycling should be adopted by the environmental communities as an ultimate goal. This article reviews the recent trends and developments in PCB waste recycling techniques, including both physical and chemical recycling. It is concluded that the physical recycling techniques, which efficiently separate the metallic and nonmetallic fractions of waste PCBs, offer the most promising gateways for the environmentally-benign recycling of this waste. Moreover, although the reclaimed metallic fraction has gained more attention due to its high value, the application of the nonmetallic fraction has been neglected in most cases. Hence, several proposed applications of this fraction have been comprehensively examined

  1. Board Certification in Counseling Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowley, Susan L.; Lichtenberg, James W.; Pollard, Jeffrey W.

    2012-01-01

    Although specialty board certification by the American Board of Professional Psychology (ABPP) has been a valued standard for decades, the vast majority of counseling psychologists do not pursue board certification in the specialty. The present article provides a brief history of board certification in general and some historical information about…

  2. 77 FR 55837 - Board Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-11

    ... CORPORATION Board Meeting AGENCY: Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation. ACTION: Regular meeting. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the regular meeting of the Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation Board (Board). Date and Time: The meeting of the Board will be held at the offices of the Farm...

  3. 78 FR 4847 - Board Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-23

    ... CORPORATION Board Meeting AGENCY: Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the regular meeting of the Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation Board (Board). DATE AND TIME: The meeting of the Board will be held at the offices of the Farm Credit Administration in McLean, Virginia,...

  4. Comparison of Multiple-Choice Questions in Quality Parameters of Pediatric Residency Tests between the Pre-Board Examination of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences and National Board Examination in 2007 and 2011

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Barzegar; Nemat Bilan; Mohammad Hassan Karegar Maher; Siamak Shiva; Manizheh Sayyah Melli; Aydin Tabrizi

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: The objective of this study was to compare Multiple-Choice Questions (MCQs) quality parameters of pediatric residency tests between the pre-board examinations of Tabriz University of Medical Science (TUMS), Tabriz, Iran and the national board examination in 2007 and 2011. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated the format of 300 MCQs in the pre-board examination of TUMS and the format of 300 MCQs of the national board examination in pediatric residency. Individual M...

  5. Women on boards of directors and corporate philanthropic disaster response

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ming Jia; Zhe Zhang

    2012-01-01

    In this study we conduct firm-level analysis of the impact of women in the boardroom on corporate philanthropic disaster response(CPDR).We propose that CPDR contains agency costs and that female directors are more likely to restrain the associated agency costs of CPDR.We predict a negative relationship between the ratio of women on boards of directors(WoBs) and philanthropic contribution,which is weaker in firms with political connections and stronger in firms with better-developed institutional environments.Data was collected from the philanthropic responses to the Wenchuan earthquake on May 12,2008 of privately-owned listed Chinese firms.The results support the hypothesized negative relationship,which is found to be weaker in firms with political connections.However,marketization-related factors do not significantly moderate this relationship.These results indicate that CPDR contains agency costs and that female directors do not facilitate the corporate donation process,but rather evaluate the benefits and restrain the associated agency costs.

  6. Statistics for Ranking Program Committees and Editorial Boards

    CERN Document Server

    da Silva, Roberto; de Lima, Jose Valdeni; Moreira, Viviane

    2010-01-01

    Ranking groups of researchers is important in several contexts and can serve many purposes such as the fair distribution of grants based on the scientist's publication output, concession of research projects, classification of journal editorial boards and many other applications in a social context. In this paper, we propose a method for measuring the performance of groups of researchers. The proposed method is called alpha-index and it is based on two parameters: (i) the homogeneity of the h-indexes of the researchers in the group; and (ii) the h-group, which is an extension of the h-index for groups. Our method integrates the concepts of homogeneity and absolute value of the h-index into a single measure which is appropriate for the evaluation of groups. We report on experiments that assess computer science conferences based on the h-indexes of their program committee members. Our results are similar to a manual classification scheme adopted by a research agency.

  7. Use of Commercial FPGA-Based Evaluation Boards for Single-Event Testing of DDR2 and DDR3 SDRAMs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ladbury, R. L.; Berg, M. D.; Wilcox, E. P.; LaBel, K. A.; Kim, H. S.; Phan, A. M.; Seidleck, C. M.

    2013-01-01

    We investigate the use of commercial FPGA based evaluation boards for radiation testing DDR2 and DDR3 SDRAMs. We evaluate the resulting data quality and the tradeoffs involved in the use of these boards.

  8. International standards for optical circuit board fabrication, assembly and measurement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pitwon, Richard; Immonen, Marika; Wang, Kai; Itoh, Hideo; Shioda, Tsuyoshi; Wu, Jinhua; Zhu, Long Xiu; Yan, Hui Juan; Worrall, Alex

    2016-03-01

    The commercial adoption of electro-optical printed circuit board (EOCB) technology will be accelerated by the development of industrial and conformity standards for high volume fabrication, connector assembly and waveguide measurement. In this paper, we introduce international standardisation activities surrounding EOCBs and report on industrial processes developed for the high volume fabrication of complex EOCBs with embedded multimode polymer waveguides including a first connector standard for polymer waveguide termination. We focus on solving a serious historic problem with the measurement of optical waveguide systems, namely the lack of harmonised measurement conditions for optical waveguides, which to this day gives rise to strong inconsistencies in the results of measurements by different parties on the same waveguide. We report on the development of a standard to ensure repeatable measurement of optical waveguides, whereby we demonstrate how the application of a measurement identification system and proposed reference measurement conditions can bring variation in measurement results to within 5%, thereby serving as the basis for a formal reliable optical waveguide measurement methodology.

  9. BOARD DIVERSITY AND GENDER COMPOSITION ON CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND FIRM REPUTATION IN INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Farah Margaretha; Ratna Isnaini

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to find out the impact of board diversity and gender composition on CSR performance and firm reputation. This study also revealed the role of CSR performance as a mediator in the impact of board diversity, gender composition, and firm reputation. Samples were chosen from companies awarded Indonesia’s Best Wealth Creator Award for year 2010–2012 by SWA Magazine, Indonesia, using purposive sampling. This study showed that CSR performance and gender composition had ...

  10. Control and Operation of the LHCb Readout Boards Using Embedded Microcontrollers and the PVSS II

    CERN Document Server

    Köstner, Stefan

    2006-01-01

    LHCb is one of the four experiments at the Large Hadron Collider. Before final reconstruction of the data in PC farms, high speed preprocessing is performed on a set of a few hundred custom electronics boards employing large modern field programmable gate array (FPGA) driven electronics. The local control of these boards is achieved via an embedded microcontroller which is connected to a large Local Area Network. After a brief introduction to the hardware we summarize the implementation of the entire layered software architecture for the readout boards and its integration into the Experiment Control System, which is built upon a common control framework based on an industrial SCADA system. Abstraction of different access modes and separation from the modeling of the components in the control system allow the reuse of various components on different hardware types. Each board has several hundreds of registers and memory blocks, so the optimization of write and read accesses is crucial for the s...

  11. Essays on Financing and Performance: The role of firms, banks and boards

    OpenAIRE

    Fliers, Philip

    2016-01-01

    markdownabstractThe way firms and their boards interact with their shareholders or financiers is a difficult balancing act. How firms, banks and board fulfil their role has a significant impact on corporate financing decisions and performance. In three studies, this dissertation combines studies in economic history with contemporary research in corporate finance. The first study investigate the determinants of this bank distress in the Netherlands during the 1920s. During this period the Dutc...

  12. Board independence and operating performance: Analysis on (French) company and individual data

    OpenAIRE

    Cavaco, Sandra; Challe, Edouard; Crifo, Patricia; Rebérioux, Antoine; Roudaut, Gwenael

    2014-01-01

    While often criticized, independence remains the ultimate criterion for evaluating board composition, whether for regulators or shareholder activists. In this study, we examine the relationship between board independence and firm operating performance in a panel of French listed companies, paying particular attention to heterogeneity and endogeneity concerns. We take advantage of an original database, with a time-series dimension that can be used to mitigate heterogeneity and dynamic endogene...

  13. Operation and profits of energy boards. A study of the basis of municipal business activities and the equitableness of the profits of municipal energy boards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of the empirical part of the study (Chapter 6) is to evaluate the equitableness of profits on capital invested of the 16 municipal energy boards selected for this study and, at the same time, to create a general evaluation basis for equity decisions made by the authorities case by case. In this part of the study, answers are sought for the following questions: (1) how has the economic situation of the energy boards studied been recently developing based on various economic parameters? (2) have there been differences in the returns and profitability of energy boards operating as public utilities or energy boards operating in company form? (3) what kind of a price level the energy boards studied have maintained in relation to the national averages of this field? (4) is a city in a weaker economic position more tempted to require higher profits on capital invested than a city with a sound economic basis? (5) how high profits on capital invested can be considered reasonable for the whole energy board and particularly for a network business holding a monopoly? The structure of the study is as follows. Chapter 2 contains a brief description of the energy boards selected for this study and of the economic situation of the cities owning them. The theoretical part of the study is included in Chapter 3 'Municipal Self-Government and Business'. It analyses rather deeply the terminology of the municipal business, norm basis, steering of actions, restructuring of companies into business profit centres and privatisation, as well as application of the Act on Restrictions on Competition from the standpoint of a municipal self-government. Chapter 4 deals with the establishment of energy board activity, the legal basis and the criteria for pricing electricity, network services and district heat. Chapter 5 examines the Act on Restrictions on Competition as a regulator of the energy board activities. After this, there are the presentations of the research results of the

  14. A study of liberation and separation process of metals from printed circuit boards (PCBs) scrap

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since the metallic elements are covered with or encapsulated by various plastic or ceramic materials on printed circuit boards, a mechanical pre-treatment process allowing their liberation and separation is first needed in order to facilitate their efficient extraction with hydrometallurgy route. Even though many studies have been performed on the mechanical pre-treatment processing for the liberation and separation of the metallic components of printed circuit boards scrap, further studies are required to pave the way for efficient recycling of waste printed circuit boards through a combination of mechanical pre-treatment and hydrometallurgical technology. In this work, a fundamental study has been carried out on the mechanical pre-treatment that is necessary to recover metallic concentrates from printed circuit boards scraps. The most important problem is to separate or release particles from the associated gangue minerals at the possible liberation particle size. The distribution of metallic elements has been also investigated in relation to the particle size of the milled printed circuit boards. The samples of printed circuit boards were separated into the magnetic and non-magnetic fractions by Rare-earth Roll Magnetic separator. Thereafter, the magnetic and non-magnetic fractions were separated to heavy fraction (metallic elements) and light fraction (plastic) by Mozley Laboratory Table Separator. The recovery ratios and the evaluation of the metallic concentrates recovered by each separation process were also investigated. This study is expected to provide useful data for the efficient mechanical separation of metallic components from printed circuit boards scraps. (author)

  15. 36 CFR 1206.41 - What is a state historical records advisory board and how is it constituted?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... records advisory board and how is it constituted? 1206.41 Section 1206.41 Parks, Forests, and Public... how is it constituted? (a) Responsibilities. The Board is the central advisory body for historical... Board engages in planning; it develops, revises, and submits to the Commission a state plan...

  16. 12 CFR 900.1 - Basic terms relating to the Finance Board, the Bank System and related entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Basic terms relating to the Finance Board, the Bank System and related entities. 900.1 Section 900.1 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD GENERAL DEFINITIONS GENERAL DEFINITIONS APPLYING TO ALL FINANCE BOARD REGULATIONS § 900.1 Basic...

  17. 12 CFR 987.2 - Law governing rights and obligations of Banks, Finance Board, Office of Finance, United States...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., Finance Board, Office of Finance, United States and Federal Reserve Banks; rights of any Person against Banks, Finance Board, Office of Finance, United States and Federal Reserve Banks. 987.2 Section 987.2 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD OFFICE OF FINANCE BOOK-ENTRY PROCEDURE FOR...

  18. Board of Commisioner Duality Role, Governance and Earnings Management of Initial Public Offerings in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Widi Prasetiawati

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Public firm is required to implement good corporate governance as assurance to reduce information asymmetry between firm and its stockholders. Corporate governance mechanism should be able to limit any improper actions of the firm’s management. This study investigates whether the duality role of the board affects earnings management practice of firms making initial public offering at Indonesian Stock Exchange. The study also examines other corporate governance mechanism factors, namely the number of board of commission-ners, the proportion of independent board of commissioners, size of firm, financial leverage, and profitability. Earnings management was measured using Cross-Sectional Modified Jones model. The study employs a total of 60 firms that went public from 2000 to 2006. The results show that duality status of board of commissioners positively and significantly affects earnings management in IPO firms. This could be interpreted that board of directors with duality role had a lower function in monitoring the firms’ performance so that management have opportunity to manage reported earnings. When board of commissioners have dual role, the level of earnings management is getting intense, and vice versa. Size of board of commissioners and profitability are positively related to earnings management.

  19. Institutional Investors on Boards and Audit Committees and Their Effects on Financial Reporting Quality

    OpenAIRE

    Pucheta Martínez, María Consuelo; García Meca, Emma

    2014-01-01

    Manuscript Type Empirical Research Question/Issue This study examines how the presence of representatives of institutional investors as directors on boards or on audit committees enhances financial reporting quality, reducing the probability that the firm receives qualified audit reports. We focus on directors who maintain business relations with the firm on whose board or committee they sit (pressure-sensitive directors). We also investigate the specific role of bank directors and examine th...

  20. Handwritten, Soft Circuit Boards and Antennas Using Liquid Metal Nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yiliang; Cooper, Christopher; Wang, Meng; Adams, Jacob J; Genzer, Jan; Dickey, Michael D

    2015-12-22

    Soft conductors are created by embedding liquid metal nanoparticles between two elastomeric sheets. Initially, the particles form an electrically insulating composite. Soft circuit boards can be handwritten by a stylus, which sinters the particles into conductive traces by applying localized mechanical pressure to the elastomeric sheets. Antennas with tunable frequencies are formed by sintering nanoparticles in microchannels.

  1. Hospital boards and medical specialists collaborating for quality of care.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Botje, D.; Plochg, T.; Klazinga, N.; Wagner, C.

    2012-01-01

    Context: In European countries policy briefs are stressing the importance of hospital governance for the quality of care. When governing towards quality it is essential for Hospital Boards to receive the proper information to do so. In the Netherlands, the national association for medical specialist

  2. New Strategies of Control: Academic Freedom and Research Ethics Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Magda

    2008-01-01

    This article, detailing the implications of "ethics drift" for critical work in the academy, reports on an ethics challenge to a non-research-based scholarly text. It analyzes how General Research Ethics Boards (GREBs) can threaten academic freedom when they lack a clear definition of "human subject" research, fail to distinguish between empirical…

  3. Citizen advisory boards: An empirical model for choosing goals and methods

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is a study of Citizen Advisory Boards (CABS) undertaken for the Department of Energy (DOE) to draw practical insights from the accumulated experience of CAB members and agency officials who have worked with these boards over many years. Hence the main research tool is in-depth interviews of these individuals. In addition, the study relies on field observations of CABs at work, historical documentation of individual boards, and a large body of academic, professional, and government literature. The DOE is in the process of establishing Site Specific Advisory Boards (SSABs) at most of its major facilities in order to provide for community involvement in the DOE environmental restoration and environmental management programs, but these boards initiated by DOE do not yet have enough of a track-record for a study of this type. Consequently, the study focused on CABs at six other federal agencies which have had substantial experience with boards that are similar in composition and purpose to the SSABs. The study examined common problem that confront virtually every CAB in its organization and its decision-making process. For example, each board faces difficult issues in defining its goals and representational responsibilities, selection of members, selection of issues, reaching agreement on recommendations to the parent agency, getting responsive action from the parent agency, and evaluating the board's success over time. An effort was made to identify solutions or best approaches to these fundamental problems such that the recommended approach has broad application to citizen advisory boards concerned with environmental issues. The conclusions of the study are summarized in a model which incorporates the optimal approaches discovered with respect to each of the critical issues. While acknowledging that the particular circumstances of a CAB may call for individual variations, the model provides a fairly comprehensive description of recommended features of a CAB

  4. Editorial Board

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    2014-2017 The World Journal of Radiology Editorial Board consists of 365 members,representing a team of worldwide experts in radiology.They are from 36 countries,including Afghanistan(1),Argentina(2),Australia(5),Austria(7),Belgium(2),Brazil(8),Canada(6),Chile(1),China(43),Croatia(1),Denmark(4),Egypt(6),France(5),Germany(22),Greece(10),India(12),Iran(6),Ireland(2),Israel(3),Italy(47),Japan(13),Netherlands(1),New Zealand(1),Pakistan(1),Poland(2),Portugal(1),Serbia(1),Singapore(3),Slovakia(1),South Korea(18),Spain(4),Sweden(2),Switzerland(4),Thailand(1),Turkey(26),United Kingdom(11),and United States(82).

  5. Editorial Board

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    2012-2016 The World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery Editorial Board consists of 341 members,representing a team of worldwide experts in pediatrics.They are from 37 countries,including Australia(6),Austria(2),Belgium(6),Brazil(9),Bulgaria(2),Canada(8),China(29),Denmark(1),Finland(2),France(9),Germany(21),Greece(7),India(11),Ireland(3),Israel(3),Italy(50),Jamaica(1),Japan(47),Lithuania(1),Malaysia(1),Netherlands(11),Pakistan(1),Poland(1),Portugal(1),Russia(1),Saudi Arabia(1),Serbia(2),Singapore(5),South Korea(8),Spain(5),Sweden(2),Switzerland(3),Thailand(2),Tunisia(1),Turkey(8),United Kingdom(11),and United States(59).

  6. The Dutch Female Board Index 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Lückerath – Rovers, M.

    2010-01-01

    The Dutch Female Board Index 2010 shows for the fourth year a survey of female representation on the Executive Boards and Supervisory Boards of 99 Dutch NVs listed on Euronext Amsterdam. The companies were classified by the percentage of women in their joint Executive Board and Supervisory Board. The Dutch ‘Female Board Index 'also gives an analysis of the differences between male and female directors and between companies with or without female representation on the Eexcutive Board and/or Su...

  7. Institutional review boards' use and understanding of certificates of confidentiality.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura M Beskow

    Full Text Available Certificates of Confidentiality, issued by agencies of the U.S. government, are regarded as an important tool for meeting ethical and legal obligations to safeguard research participants' privacy and confidentiality. By shielding against forced disclosure of identifying data, Certificates are intended to facilitate research on sensitive topics critical to the public's health. Although Certificates are potentially applicable to an extensive array of research, their full legal effect is unclear, and little is known about stakeholders' views of the protections they provide. To begin addressing this challenge, we conducted a national survey of institutional review board (IRB chairs, followed by telephone interviews with selected chairs, to learn more about their familiarity with and opinions about Certificates; their institutions' use of Certificates; policies and practices concerning when Certificates are required or recommended; and the role Certificates play in assessments of research risk. Overall, our results suggest uncertainty about Certificates among IRB chairs. On most objective knowledge questions, most respondents chose the incorrect answer or 'unsure'. Among chairs who reported more familiarity with Certificates, composite opinion scores calculated based on five survey questions were evenly distributed among positive, neutral/middle, and negative views. Further, respondents expressed a variety of ideas about the appropriate use of Certificates, what they are intended to protect, and their effect on research risk. Nevertheless, chairs who participated in our study commonly viewed Certificates as a potentially valuable tool, frequently describing them as an 'extra layer' of protection. These findings lead to several practical observations concerning the need for more stakeholder education about Certificates, consideration of Certificates for a broader range of studies, the importance of remaining vigilant and using all tools available to

  8. 77 FR 32985 - Notice of Inventory Completion: U.S. Department of the Interior, Indian Arts and Crafts Board...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-04

    ... Crafts Board, Museum of the Plains Indian, Browning, MT AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Museum of the Plains Indian, Indian Arts and Crafts Board, has completed an... contact the Museum of the Plains Indian, Indian Arts and Crafts Board. Disposition of the human remains...

  9. 75 FR 6358 - Federal Advisory Committee; Defense Advisory Board for Employer Support of the Guard and Reserve...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-09

    ... of the Secretary Federal Advisory Committee; Defense Advisory Board for Employer Support of the Guard and Reserve; Defense Advisory Board for Employer Partnership; Charter Revision AGENCY: Department of... intends to revise the charter for the Defense Advisory Board for Employer Support of the Guard and...

  10. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission Staff Practice and Procedure Digest. Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972-December 1985. Digest No. 4, Revision No. 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Revision 2 of the fourth edition of the NRC Staff Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period July 1, 1972 to December 31, 1985, interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2. This Revision 2 replaces in part earlier editions and supplements and includes appropriate changes reflecting the amendment to the Rules of Practice effective December 31, 1985. Topics covered include prehearing and posthearing matters, herings, appeals, and general matters

  11. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff practice and procedure digest: Commission, Appeal Board, and Licensing Board decisions issued from July 1, 1972 through March 31, 1986

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A digest is given of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period from July 1, 1972 to March 31, 1986, interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice. Parts of earlier editions and supplements are replaced, and amendments to the Rules of Practice effective through March 31, 1986 are reflected. The material included deals with applications, prehearing matters, hearings, post-hearing matters, appeals, and decisions related to general matters. Decisions are indexed by facility, citation, CFR, statutes, case law, and other legal citations

  12. Board Interlocks and the Study of the Transnational Capitalist Class

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clifford L. Staples

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In a recent synopsis of theories and findings on transnational corporate ties published in this journal, Nollert (2005 argues that while there may be good theoretical reasons to hypothesize the emergence of a Transnational Capitalist Class (tcc, to this point there is relatively little empirical evidence, aside from Sklair’s (2001 work, to support the claim that such a class exists or is forming. However, a few researchers have attempted to apply the study of interlocking directorates to the search for a network of transnational directors who might be in a position to form such a class. Drawing on empirical findings on the world’s largest transnational corporations and banks reported elsewhere (Staples 2007a; Staples 2007b, as well as additional analyses done specifically for this paper, I argue that studies that rely exclusively on transnational corporate interlocks dramatically underestimate the extent of the tcc network because such studies count only transnational connections between corporations and miss transnational connections within corporations—connections that have grown more numerous in recent years as corporate boards have become more multinational, largely as a result of the concentration of global capital. Counting both between and within transnational capitalist connections points to a far greater level of capitalist transnationality than is suggested by focusing exclusively on between corporate connections, as has been done in this work so far. And while the existence of such a network falls well short of convincing proof that a tcc exists, it does show that capitalists from different countries increasingly have opportunities to interact as they work together to run the world’s largest corporations, and it is out of such interactions that we would expect a tcc to emerge.

  13. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff practice and procedure digest: Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972--September 1988

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Revision 1 of the fifth edition of the NRC Staff Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period from July 1, 1972 to September 30, 1988 interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2. This Revision 1 replaces in part earlier editions and supplements and includes appropriate changes reflecting the amendments to the Rules of Practice effective through September 30, 1988

  14. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff practice and procedure digest. Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972-September 1985. Digest No. 4, Revision No. 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Revision 1 of the fourth edition of the NRC Staff Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period from July 1, 1972 to September 30, 1985 interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2. This Revision 1 replaces earlier editions and supplements and includes appropriate changes reflecting the admendments to the Rules of Practice effective through September 20, 1985

  15. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission Staff practice and procedure digest: Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board Decisions, July 1972-March 1987

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Revision 7 of the fourth edition of the NRC Staff Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period from July 1, 1972 to March 31, 1987 interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2. This Revision 7 replaces in part earlier editions and supplements and includes appropriate changes reflecting the amendments to the Rules of Practice effective through March 31, 1987

  16. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission Staff Practice and Procedure Digest: Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972-December 1986

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Revision 6 of the fourth edition of the NRC Staff Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period from July 1, 1972 to December 31, 1986, interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2. This Revision 6 replaces in part earlier editions and supplements and includes appropriate changes reflecting the amendments to the Rules of Practice effective through December 31, 1986

  17. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff practice and procedure digest: Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972--December 1989

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Revision 6 of the fifth edition of the NRC Staff Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period from July 1, 1972 to December 31, 1989 interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2. This Revision 6 replaces in part earlier editions and revisions and includes appropriate changes reflecting the amendments to the Rules of Practice effective through December 31, 1989

  18. On-Board Engine Exhaust Particulate Matter Sensor for HCCI and Conventional Diesel Engines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hall, Matt; Matthews, Ron

    2011-09-30

    The goal of the research was to refine and complete development of an on-board particulate matter (PM) sensor for diesel, DISI, and HCCI engines, bringing it to a point where it could be commercialized and marketed.

  19. 12 CFR 1710.16 - Prohibition of extensions of credit to board members and executive officers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... ENTERPRISE OVERSIGHT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SAFETY AND SOUNDNESS CORPORATE GOVERNANCE Corporate Practices and Procedures § 1710.16 Prohibition of extensions of credit to board members...

  20. Content Analysis and Readibility Formulas as Applied To The Accounting Principles Board "Opinions"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stead, Bette Ann

    1977-01-01

    Discusses a study analyzing twenty-four of the Accounting Principles Board "Opinions" (APB Opinions) and concludes that the APB context is very difficult to read and understand for both accounting and nonaccounting majors. (MH)