WorldWideScience

Sample records for boarding and alighting

  1. Low-floor bus design preferences of walking aid users during simulated boarding and alighting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'souza, Clive; Paquet, Victor; Lenker, James; Steinfeld, Edward; Bareria, Piyush

    2012-01-01

    Low-floor buses represent a significant improvement in accessible public transit for passengers with limited mobility. However, there is still a need for research on the inclusive design of transit buses to identify specific low-floor bus design conditions that are either particularly accommodating or challenging for passengers with functional and mobility impairments. These include doorway locations, seating configuration and the large front wheel-well covers that collectively impact boarding, alighting and interior movement of passengers. Findings from a laboratory study using a static full-scale simulation of a lowfloor bus to evaluate the impact of seating configuration and crowding on interior movement and accessibility for individuals with and without walking aids are presented (n=41). Simulated bus journeys that included boarding, fare payment, seating, and alighting were performed. Results from video observations and subjective assessments showed differences in boarding and alighting performance and users' perceptions of task difficulty. The need for assistive design features (e.g. handholds, stanchions), legroom and stowage space for walking aids was evident. These results demonstrate that specific design conditions in low-floor buses can significantly impact design preference among those who use walking aids. Consideration of ergonomics and inclusive design can therefore be used to improve the design of low-floor buses. PMID:22317485

  2. Boarding and alighting injury experience with different station platform and car entranceway designs on US commuter railroads.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morlok, Edward K; Nitzberg, Bradley F; Lai, Lee

    2004-03-01

    Commuter railroad systems in the US employ three combinations of station platforms and car entranceways. These are high-level platforms with remotely controlled doors and level entranceway (HL-RC), low-level platforms (just above the rail) with steps and remotely controlled doors (LL-RC), and a mixture of the two platform types with a correspondingly more complex, partly manual, door and entranceway arrangement (ML-MO). Much controversy exists over which type of platform/entranceway is better. This seemingly small feature significantly impacts many performance characteristics of these systems, including cost, speed, and boarding and alighting accidents. Northeastern systems are generally moving toward the mixed platform design or all high-level platforms, while systems elsewhere are generally selecting the low-level design. Data on actual accident experience for 1995-2000 are analyzed to determine the effect of platform/entranceway type on passenger and employee injuries. Passenger injury rates on systems with the HL-RC design are lowest, with LL-RC systems next, and ML-MO systems having the highest rates. Employee injury rates are the least on LL-RC systems, but higher on ML-MO and HL-RC systems. Systems with a mixture of high and low platforms (ML-MO) experience a higher overall (combined passenger and employee) injury rate than the other two designs. The implications of these results for both the modernization of existing systems and the design of new systems, in the US and abroad, are discussed. PMID:14642881

  3. Alightment of Spotted Wing Drosophila (Diptera: Drosophilidae) on Odorless Disks Varying in Color

    OpenAIRE

    Kirkpatrick, D. M.; McGhee, P. S.; Hermann, S. L.; Gut, L. J.; Miller, J. R.

    2015-01-01

    Methods for trapping spotted wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii (Matsmura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae), have not yet been optimized for detecting this devastating pest of soft-skinned fruits. Here, we report outcomes of choice and no-choice laboratory bioassays quantifying the rates of spotted wing drosophila alightment on 5-cm-diameter sticky disks of various colors, but no fruit odors. Red, purple, and black disks captured the most spotted wing drosophila when presented against a white backgr...

  4. FINANCE BOARD, MANAGEMENT BOARD AND COLLABORATION BOARD

    CERN Multimedia

    Common Meeting FB/MB/CB (FMC21) Technical Issues (A. Ball) The topics covered were the status at Point 5, the schedule after the lowering of YB0, installation options for ECAL and the sequence for the beam pipe installation. Many details had already been presented in the opening session. There was a new web page for Technical Coordination on iCMS, thanks largely to A. MacPherson, D. Hudson and L. Taylor. The MTCCII had been a great success, for which the magnet team and all others involved should be congratulated. This had included the field mapping, the collection of data and finally the re-opening of the magnet in two weeks; this last had shown that it would be possible to reach any element of CMS in one week, and any two elements in two weeks. The work on the cable chains was going well but there were not enough technicians working underground. The period after the insertion of installation of HCAL until the “ready for closing date”, including the installation of services on YB0, ...

  5. FINANCE BOARD, MANAGEMENT BOARD AND COLLABORATION BOARD

    CERN Multimedia

    M. Della Negra

    Common Meeting FB/MB/CB (FMC20) Electronics Issues The key dates for the Low Voltage Power distribution were presented. It is critical that the uninterruptible power supply be installed. There is a programme of installation underground leading up to the start of commissioning underground in March 2007, when all detectors should be read out underground. The overall status of the Electronics production was presented. The Low Voltage power supplies remain a concern and close cooperation with the manufacturers will be essential to have deliveries as needed. The failure of some components are mostly understood now. There are new proposals for the SLHC machine parameters, where it is essential that CMS give feed-back. A CMS Expression of Interest is almost complete and will be circulated to the Collaboration the following week. It will be submitted to the LHCC in December 2006. The Letter of Intent, a larger document, will be submitted in summer 2007. Technical Issues The main issue is the schedule, which h...

  6. Board independence and competence

    OpenAIRE

    Wagner, Alexander F

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyzes board independence and competence as distinct, but inextricably linked aspects of board effectiveness. Competent directors add shareholder value because they have better information about the quality of projects. While a CEO cares about shareholder value, he also wants his board to behave loyally to him by agreeing to projects that give him private benefits. Because many aspects of the CEO-board relationship are not contractible, the paper studies a model of relational con...

  7. Alightment of Spotted Wing Drosophila (Diptera: Drosophilidae) on Odorless Disks Varying in Color.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirkpatrick, D M; McGhee, P S; Hermann, S L; Gut, L J; Miller, J R

    2016-02-01

    Methods for trapping spotted wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii (Matsmura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae), have not yet been optimized for detecting this devastating pest of soft-skinned fruits. Here, we report outcomes of choice and no-choice laboratory bioassays quantifying the rates of spotted wing drosophila alightment on 5-cm-diameter sticky disks of various colors, but no fruit odors. Red, purple, and black disks captured the most spotted wing drosophila when presented against a white background. Male and female spotted wing drosophila responded identically in these tests. Significantly more D. suzukii were captured on the red and yellow disks than those presenting the corresponding grayscale for that color, proving that D. suzukii perceives colors and not just the level of target brightness. Fluorescent red is the best candidate for trap color, while clear and white are the least desirable. However, when the background was switched to black, all nonfluorescent colors were equally acceptable to spotted wing drosophila, suggesting that background must be specified when reporting spotted wing drosophila color preference. Additional spotted wing drosophila research is justified on the effects of target color against natural backgrounds. PMID:26475826

  8. Board affiliation and pay gap

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shenglan; Chen; Hui; Ma; Danlu; Bu

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the effects of board affiliation on the corporate pay gap.Using a sample of Chinese listed firms from 2005 to 2011, we find that boards with a greater presence of directors appointed by block shareholders have lower pay gaps. Furthermore, the governance effects of board affiliation with and without pay are distinguished. The empirical results show that board affiliation without pay is negatively related to the pay gap, while board affiliation with pay is positively related to the pay gap. Overall, the results shed light on how block shareholders affect their companies’ pay gaps through board affiliation.

  9. Spatial and temporal patterns of crop yield and marginal land in the Aral Sea Basin: derivation by combining multi-scale and multi-temporal remote sensing data with alight use efficiency model

    OpenAIRE

    Fritsch, Sebastian

    2013-01-01

    Irrigated agriculture in the Khorezm region in the arid inner Aral Sea Basin faces enormous challenges due to a legacy of cotton monoculture and non-sustainable water use. Regional crop growth monitoring and yield estimation continuously gain in importance, especially with regard to climate change and food security issues. Remote sensing is the ideal tool for regional-scale analysis, especially in regions where ground-truth data collection is difficult and data availability is scarce. New sat...

  10. Board independence and innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Coelho, Mariana Campos Carvalho

    2015-01-01

    Legislation introduced in the U.S. in 2002/2003 significantly changed board composition of public firms by imposing a 50% independent directors’ ratio. Research on the effect of independent directors is not consensual, implying that this exogenous shock is a unique opportunity to study their importance. This study answers the question of whether or not independent directors can effectively mitigate agency conflicts between shareholders and the management, having a positive impact on the choic...

  11. Advisory Boards and Boards of Directors. ARCH Factsheet Number 24.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKinney, Sue; Smith, Nancy

    This fact sheet reviews the role of advisory boards and boards of directors in the context of crisis nursery and respite care programs for families with special needs members. Typical responsibilities of advisory boards are listed, including program creation and planning, development of program policy, planning and implementing public relations,…

  12. Yoga from the Mat up: How Words Alight on Bodies

    Science.gov (United States)

    McIlwain, Doris; Sutton, John

    2014-01-01

    Yoga is a unique form of expert movement that promotes an increasingly subtle interpenetration of thought and movement. The mindful nature of its practice, even at expert levels, challenges the idea that thought and mind are inevitably disruptive to absorbed coping. Building on parallel phenomenological and ethnographic studies of skilful…

  13. Firm Performance and Board Committee Structure.

    OpenAIRE

    Klein, April

    1998-01-01

    This article demonstrates a linkage between firm performance and board composition by examining the committee structure of boards and the directors' roles within these committees. Consistent with previous studies, I find little association between firm performance and overall board composition. However, by going into the inner workings of the board via board committee composition, I am able to find significant ties between firm performance and how boards are structured. First, a positive rela...

  14. BOARD STRUCTURE AND CEO COMPENSATION

    OpenAIRE

    Anjam, Zeshan

    2010-01-01

    This study examines the relationship between board structure (non executive directors, executive directors and independent non executive directors) and CEO compensation, in the context of an emerging and developing economy of Pakistan in year 2009. Most of the previous studies about board structure and CEO compensation are based in developed economies but this study is about a developing and emerging economy Pakistan and possibly this attempt will contributes to literature. Data for 86 listed...

  15. Ownership Structure, Board Composition and Investment Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Palmberg, Johanna; Eklund, Johan; Wiberg, Daniel

    2009-01-01

    In this paper the relation between ownership structure, board composition and firm performance is explored. A panel of Swedish listed firms is used to investigate how board composition affects firm performance. Board heterogeneity is measured as board size, age and gender diversity. The results show that Swedish board of directors have become more diversified in terms of gender. Also, fewer firms have the CEO on the board which can be interpreted as a sign of increased independency. The regre...

  16. Institutional Evolution and Corporate Boards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chen, Victor Zitian; Hobdari, Bersant; Sun, Pei;

    2014-01-01

    We argue that corporate boards are a dynamic repository of human- and social capital in response to external institutional evolution. Theoretically, integrating institutional economics, agency theory and resource dependence theory, we explain that evolution of market-, legal- and political...... particular contexts entail the external competitive environment and the principal-agency relationship in corporate governance, amplify (or weaken) the need for certain type of board roles, and ultimately require corporations to reconfigure the human- and social capital embedded within the board. Additionally......, since the board changes are typically proposed by the block shareholders, whose motivation for doing so is closely associated with a corporation’s financial performance, we further argue that financial performance is a key moderator of the relationships between institutional evolution and changes in...

  17. Board structure and corporate performance

    OpenAIRE

    Mehmet Baha Karan; Özgür Arslan; Cihan Ek¸si

    2013-01-01

    This paper attempts to analyze the impact of board structure attributes on their accounting and stock market performance. Our analyses are built on an emerging market, Turkey for the period between 1995 and 2006. We conduct our analyses through binary logistic methodology. Our findings show that, while board ownership does not have any impact on the accounting performance, it has a fairly positive influence on the stock market performance of firms during the crisis period. Similarly, the situ...

  18. Board Structure and Corporate Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Baha Karan

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper attempts to analyze the impact of board structure attributes on their accounting and stock market performance. Our analyses are built on an emerging market, Turkey for the period between 1995 and 2006. We conduct our analyses through binary logistic methodology. Our findings show that, while board ownership does not have any impact on the accounting performance, it has a fairly positive influence on the stock market performance of firms during the crisis period. Similarly, the situation when the ceo of a firm is also the chairman of the board is not found to have any impact on the corporate performance of firms, although its negative impact is present during the crisis period. Moreover, board independence is found to not to have an effect on accounting performance, yet the stock market perceives board independence positively, both in general and in the crisis periods. Finally, board size has a positive impact , both on the accounting and on the stock market performance of firms, yet the impact on the corporate performance reverts to adverse during the crisis period.

  19. Ownership Concentration, Monitoring and Optimal Board Structure

    OpenAIRE

    Graziano, Clara; Luporini, Annalisa

    2005-01-01

    The paper analyzes the optimal structure of board of directors in a firm with ownership concentrated in the hands of a large shareholder who sits on the board. We focus our attention on the choice between one-tier board who performs all tasks and two-tier board where the management board is in charge of project selection and the supervisory board is in charge of monitoring. We consider the case in which the large shareholder sits on (and controls) the supervisory board but not the management ...

  20. Board of directors’ composition and financing choices

    OpenAIRE

    Alves, Paulo; Couto, Eduardo; Francisco, Paulo

    2014-01-01

    Building on the pecking order theory of Myers and Majluf, (1984) and Myers (1984), the present study empirically analyses the association between the board of directors’ composition and firm financing policies. Particularly, the fraction of independent directors on the board, the fraction of female directors, the board size, and whether the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is also the chairman of the board are analysed. It is conjectured that a more independent and efficient board leads to a shi...

  1. Bank liquidity and the board of directors

    OpenAIRE

    Delis, Manthos D; Gaganis, Chrysovalantis; Pasiouras, Fotios

    2009-01-01

    This short paper presents the first attempt to examine empirically the relationship between the level of bank liquidity and the structure of the board of directors, in terms of board size and independence. A novel database on these board characteristics is built that includes banks operating in 10 OECD countries during the period 2000-2006. We find a negative relationship between board size and liquidity, while the impact of board independence is U-shaped. Therefore, we contend that considera...

  2. Board independence and CEO turnover

    OpenAIRE

    Laux, Volker

    2005-01-01

    It is widely believed that the ideal board in corporations is composed almost entirely of independent (outside) directors. In contrast, this paper shows that some lack of board independence can be in the interest of shareholders. This follows because a lack of board independence serves as a substitute for commitment. Boards that are dependent on the incumbent CEO adopt a less aggressive CEO replacement rule than independent boards. While this behavior is inefficient ex post, it has positive e...

  3. Corporate boards and bank loan contracting

    OpenAIRE

    Francis, Bill; Hasan, Iftekhar; Koetter, Michael; Wu, Qiang

    2012-01-01

    We investigate the role of corporate boards in bank loan contracting. We find that when corporate boards are more independent, both price and nonprice loan terms (e.g., interest rates, collateral, covenants, and performance-pricing provisions) are more favorable, and syndicated loans comprise more lenders. In addition, board size, audit committee structure, and other board characteristics influence bank loan prices. However, they do not consistently affect all nonprice loan terms except for a...

  4. Regulation and Corporate Board Composition

    OpenAIRE

    Staubo, Siv

    2014-01-01

    This thesis is in the field of corporate governance. The corporate governance structure involves laws, rules, and regulations on the distribution of rights and responsibilities among the different stakeholders in the firm. Due to several financial crises in the late 1990s and early 2000s, there has been an increased interest in the regulation of corporate governance. In particular, the composition of the corporate board has achieved extensive attention. The first essay in the thesis inve...

  5. Board Members' Views on Training and Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weaver, Liz; Inglis, Sue

    1999-01-01

    A survey of 22 agency directors and 219 volunteer board members showed that 40% of members received 1-5 hours of training in the last 6 months, 47% none. Training needs included board roles and responsibilities, strategic planning, understanding the agency, and fundraising. Preferred methods were facilitated workshop/retreat or board-led training…

  6. Cultural differences and board gender diversity

    OpenAIRE

    Carrasco, Amélia; Francoeur, Claude; Réal, Isabelle; Laffarga, Joaquina; Ruiz-Barbadillo, Emiliano

    2012-01-01

    International audience As evidence of the continuing interest raised by "board gender diversity", major studies (Catalyst, 2008; World Economic Forum, 2010; European Board Diversity Analysis, 2010) were recently carried out and have all led to reports confirming the imbalance of women on boards and the need to address this issue. Moreover, our analysis of these reports indicates that the low proportion of women observed on corporate boards varies across countries, which raises the question...

  7. Board incentives and board independence in dynamic agency

    OpenAIRE

    Katolnik, Svetlana; Kukec, Sandra K.; Schöndube, Jens Robert

    2015-01-01

    Efficiency of the board structure is usually perceived as linked to a higher degree of monitoring. If monitoring improves performance measurement signals, on which a manager is compensated, it can be considered desirable from the manager's point of view. As a result, having a low degree of board independence (many insiders on the board) may incentivize the board to improve its monitoring technology. However, from a dynamic perspective board monitoring is not always desirable, since it can des...

  8. School Board Response and Incumbent Defeat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garberina, William L., Sr.

    This paper investigates the relationship between the demand-response behavior of school boards and incumbent school board member defeat. Demand is defined as public demand as operationalized by social, economic, and political indicators (listed in Appendix A). Response is defined as school board response to public demand as operationalized by the…

  9. Who nominates the board? - Implications on board diversity and turnover

    OpenAIRE

    Viskari, Milla

    2014-01-01

    This thesis assesses whether the type of nomination poses implications on board diversity in terms of age, gender, nationality and education, as well as turnover on a Finnish and Swedish data. The existing research on director selection and especially nomination committees is rather limited, and thus the research aims at contributing to the topic. The reviewed time period concerns 2008 to 2012, and altogether 55 Finnish and 55 Swedish public companies are included in the study, thus resul...

  10. State School Board Members and Educational Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sroufe, Gerald E.

    1970-01-01

    Research evidence suggests that changes in selection criteria for State board members would increase their effectiveness, more so than changes in either the selection criteria for school board members or in the relationship between the chief school officer and the State board. (Author/LR)

  11. Orienting and Evaluating Your Board of Directors--Keys to Effective Board Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bess, Gary; Ratekin, Cindy

    2000-01-01

    Details process for orienting and evaluating child care facility boards of directors. Includes service commitment letter delineating board member roles, sample board training agenda, and forms for assessing the board's overall performance and for self-evaluation of members. Asserts that success of member recruitment, orientation, training, and…

  12. Board Size and Board Independence: A Quantitative Study on Banking Industry in Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Kashif Rashid; Aqil Waqar Khan

    2014-01-01

    This paper aims to investigate the relationship of board independence and board size with productivity and efficiency of the listed banks on the Karachi Stock Exchange, Pakistan. There is a lack of consensus regarding impact of corporate governance practices in correspondence to number of board members and board independence in banking sector. The derived results of the study show that there is a positive relationship between board independence and bank profitability a...

  13. BOARD DIVERSITY, NETWORK AND FIRM VALUE

    OpenAIRE

    Sitthipongpanich, Thitima; Polsiri, Piruna

    2014-01-01

    Using a large sample analysis of Thai listed firms, we address an important question. Do board diversity and network add value to firms? This article extends the debate on the benefits and costs of board diversity and network and their effect on the broader picture of corporate governance. Moreover, this article sheds light on the necessity of applying the resource dependence theory in research about boards of directors, in addition to the agency theory. We find that diversity in ...

  14. Board Independence, CEO Pay, and Camouflaged Compensation

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz-Verdú, Pablo; Singh, Ravi

    2014-01-01

    We study how directors' reputational concerns influence executive compensation and the use ofcamouflaged forms of pay. We show that, in order to signal their independence to investors,boards lower managers' pay, but may also pay managers in hidden ways or structure compensationinefficiently. We also show that independent boards are more likely to make use of hiddencompensation than manager-friendly boards. We apply our model to study the costs and benefitsof greater pay transparency and of me...

  15. Mandatory gender balance and board independence

    OpenAIRE

    Bøhren, Øyvind; Staubo, Siv

    2016-01-01

    We find that forcing radical gender balance on corporate boards is associated with increased board independence and reduced firm value. A mandatory 40-percent gender quota shifts the average fraction of independent directors from 46 to 67 percent because female directors are much more often independent directors than males are. This shock to board independence via gender quotas is strongest in small, young, profitable, non-listed firms with powerful stockholders and few female directors. Such...

  16. Board Directors and Corporate Social Responsibility

    OpenAIRE

    Mariana Nedelcu (Bunea)

    2014-01-01

    The boards of directors and corporate social responsibility (CSR) have been the subject of much study and debate in the corporate governance circles over the two last decades. With issues ranging from poor corporate reporting to excessive executive compensation often splashed in the headlines, the role of boards comes into the media limelight as never before. Boards of directors are also becoming increasingly aware of corporate social responsibility issues.

  17. Board Directors and Corporate Social Responsibility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Nedelcu (Bunea

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The boards of directors and corporate social responsibility (CSR have been the subject of much study and debate in the corporate governance circles over the two last decades. With issues ranging from poor corporate reporting to excessive executive compensation often splashed in the headlines, the role of boards comes into the media limelight as never before. Boards of directors are also becoming increasingly aware of corporate social responsibility issues.

  18. Outside Directors and Corporate Board Decisions

    OpenAIRE

    Dahya, Jay; John J. McConnell

    2003-01-01

    Between 1993 and 2000 at least 18 countries saw publication of guidelines that propose minimum representation of outside directors on corporate boards. The apparent premise underlying this movement is that boards with significant outside directors will make different and, perhaps, better decisions than boards dominated by inside directors. As the first-mover in this movement, the U.K. provides a laboratory for a “natural experiment” to examine this presumption empirically. We investigate one ...

  19. Board Committees, CEO Compensation, and Earnings Management

    OpenAIRE

    Laux, Christian; Laux, Volker

    2007-01-01

    We analyze the effect of committee formation on how corporate boards perform two main functions: setting CEO pay and overseeing the financial reporting process. The use of performance-based pay schemes induces the CEO to manipulate earnings, which leads to an increased need for board oversight. If the whole board is responsible for both functions, it is inclined to provide the CEO with a compensation scheme that is relatively insensitive to performance in order to reduce the burden of subsequ...

  20. 76 FR 44461 - Boards and Committees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-26

    ... nonsubstantive organizational changes to the NASA Inventions and Contributions Board (the Board) and removes and... regulations by removing the reference to an obsolete NASA Management Instruction and to afford organizational... Analysis Paperwork Reduction Act Statement This final rule does not contain an information...

  1. Women on boards and firm performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lückerath – Rovers, M.

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates the financial performance of Dutch companies both with and without women on their boards. The analysis extends earlier methods used in research by Catalyst (The bottom line: corporate performance and women’s representation on boards, 2007) and McKinsey (Women matter. Gender d

  2. Women on boards and firm performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Lückerath-Rovers (Mijntje)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractThis study investigates the financial performance of Dutch companies both with and without women on their boards. The analysis extends earlier methods used in research by Catalyst (The bottom line: corporate performance and women's representation on boards, 2007) and McKinsey (Women matt

  3. Boarding Schools and the Moral Community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cookson, Peter W., Jr.

    1982-01-01

    Examines the impact of American boarding schools on students' moral development. Discusses the incremental steps that students experience during the process of assimilation at boarding schools, which shapes their character and promotes a world view that is compatible with students' most likely future statuses. (DMM)

  4. Board on Earth Sciences and Resources and its activities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    de Souza, Dr. Anthony R.

    2000-02-23

    This 1999 annual report of the activities of the National Research Council's (NRC) Board on Earth Sciences and Resources (BESR) begins with an introduction to the Board. This report (1) lists activities of the Board sustained by Department of Energy support, (2) presents accomplishments of the Board, (3) describes current and proposed studies of the Board, and (4) provides a brief review of the Board's future plans.

  5. Board oversight of executive performance and compensation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curran, Connie R; Totten, Mary K

    2010-01-01

    Making sure the relative roles of the board and management are clear and agreed upon is becoming more important as market and regulatory forces compel boards to govern at levels of detail once considered micromanagement, but are now required and necessary in the current environment of heightened governance accountability. A clear understanding of each other's roles and responsibilities is step one in building a solid partnership between the board and chief executive. A second element of building a strong foundation for the board-CEO relationship is taking time early on to establish mutual expectations about working together. The board's responsibilities in CEO performance management and compensation include setting performance expectations and goals that are clear and measurable and coaching and motivating the CEO. When a CEO fails, one of the most important steps for the board to take is to look in the mirror and commit to the rigorous due diligence needed to avoid future mistakes. Boards should always have CEO succession on their agenda. PMID:21158257

  6. Developing High Performing Boards: Seeking New Talent and Lessons Learned on Great Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakewell, Thomas

    2005-01-01

    Numerous trends today are prompting organizations to formally seek and add new board members at a record pace. In this article, the author discusses what to look for when adding a new board member and lists some top lessons learned. He concludes with a few final thoughts that should be uppermost in the mind in every new board member search.

  7. How Not to Be a Terrible School Board Member: Lessons for School Administrators and Board Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayer, Richard E.

    2011-01-01

    Veteran school board member, Richard E. Mayer, takes a humorous but substantive approach to the serious relationship between school administrators and board members. While the overwhelming majority of school board members have good motives, even people who mean well can make bad moves. This book shows how to prevent good intentions from creating…

  8. Information technology and the board of directors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nolan, Richard; McFarlan, F Warren

    2005-10-01

    Ever since the Y2K scare, boards have grown increasingly nervous about corporate dependence on information technology. Since then, computer crashes, denial of service attacks, competitive pressures, and the need to automate compliance with government regulations have heightened board sensitivity to IT risk. Unfortunately, most boards remain largely in the dark when it comes to IT spending and strategy, despite the fact that corporate information assets can account for more than 50% of capital spending. A lack of board oversight for IT activities is dangerous, the authors say. It puts firms at risk in the same way that failing to audit their books would. Companies that have established board-level IT governance committees are better able to control IT project costs and carve out competitive advantage. But there is no one-size-fits-all model for board supervision of a company's IT operations. The correct approach depends on what strategic "mode" a company is in whether its operations are extremely dependent on IT or not, and whether or not it relies heavily on keeping up with the latest technologies. This article spells out the conditions under which boards need to change their level of involvement in IT decisions, explaining how members can recognize their firms' IT risks and decide whether they should pursue more aggressive IT governance. The authors delineate what an IT governance committee should look like in terms of charter, membership, duties, and overall agenda. They also offer recommendations for developing IT policies that take into account an organization's operational and strategic needs and suggest what to do when those needs change. Given the dizzying pace of change in the world of IT, boards can't afford to ignore the state of their IT systems and capabilities. Appropriate board governance can go a long way toward helping a company avoid unnecessary risk and improve its competitive position. PMID:16250628

  9. Board composition and firm performance in the Netherlands

    OpenAIRE

    Postma, Th.J.B.M.; Ees, H. van; Sterken, E.

    2001-01-01

    We analyze the relationship between performance and board composition of Dutch listed firms. Since the Netherlands has a two-tier board structure, we analyze both the impact of the size of the management board and the supervisory board. The supervisory board plays a role in (anti-) investor protection in the Dutch corporate governance system. Therefore, we use indicators of corporate governance as instrumental variables. We find that the size of the management board is not determining firm pe...

  10. Costs and Benefits of Producer Board Deregulation

    OpenAIRE

    Geoff Sinclair

    1999-01-01

    This paper considers evidence on whether deregulation of single-buyer Producer Boards is likely to yield net benefits to producers, relevant industries and the New Zealand economy. It assumes some familiarity with industry structures and the ongoing debate. The discussion focuses on the static and dynamic effects of the statutory single buyer powers of the Dairy, Apple & Pear and Kiwifruit Boards, and concludes that on balance, the benefits of deregulation are expected to significantly outwei...

  11. Corporate Board Diversity and Firm Performance: Evidence from Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Austin UJUNWA; Chinwe OKOYEUZU; Ifeoma NWAKOBY

    2012-01-01

    This paper investigates the impact of corporate board diversity on the financial performance of Nigerian quoted firms using a panel data of 122 quoted Nigerian firms. Aspects of board diversity studied comprise board nationality, board gender and board ethnicity. The Fixed Effect Generalised Least Square Regression is used to examine the impact of board diversity on firm performance for the period: 1991-2008. The results show that gender diversity was negatively linked with firm performance, ...

  12. Board on chemical sciences and technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology organizes and provides direction for standing and ad-hoc committees charged with addressing specific issues relevant to the continued health of the chemical sciences and technology community. Studies currently under the oversight of the BCST include a major survey of the chemical sciences, a complementary survey of chemical engineering, an examination of the problems of biohazards in the laboratory, and an analysis of the roots and magnitude of the problem of obsolescent facilities for research and teaching in departments in the chemical sciences and engineering. The Board continues to respond to specific agency requests for program assessments and advice. BCST members are designated to serve as liaison with major federal agencies or departments that support research in order to help identify ways for the Board to assist these organizations. The BCST maintains close contact with professional societies and non-governmental organizations that share the Board's concern for the health of chemical sciences and technology. Individual Board members are assigned responsibility for liaison with the American Chemical Society, the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, the American Society of Biological Chemists, the Council for Chemical Research, the NAS Chemistry and Biochemistry Sections, and the National Academy of Engineering. In the past few years, the Board has served as a focus and a forum for a variety of issues that relate specifically to the health of chemistry

  13. Board Reforms and Firm Value: Worldwide Evidence

    OpenAIRE

    Xi Li; Mingyi Hung; Larry Fauver; Alvaro Taboada

    2015-01-01

    We examine the impact of corporate board reforms on firm value in 41 countries. Using a difference-in-differences design, we find that firm value increases after enactment of the reforms. The valuation increase is associated with both the intensity and major components of the reform, including board independence, audit committee, and the separation of the roles of chief executive officer and chairman. We also find that the effect of these reforms primarily exists in countries with weak legal ...

  14. Female board members and corporate performance

    OpenAIRE

    Nasonenko, Angelina

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the relationship between female representation on boards of British FTSE 100 companies and their corporate performance. The theoretical section sets the foundation for the initial hypotheses that there is a positive relationship between the percentage of women on corporate boards and a firm's profitability, measured as ROE and ROIC. The methodological part establishes an analytical framework to test these hypotheses utilizing the so-called 'quartil...

  15. Optical printed circuit board and manufacturing method

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, I. D.; Pitwon, R.C.A.; Selviah, D. R.; Papakonstantinou, I.

    2007-01-01

    The invention provides a method of manufacturing an optical printed circuit board and an optical printed circuit board. The method comprises providing a support layer; on the support layer, providing an optical core layer; forming optical channels from the optical core layer and surrounding the optical channels with cladding thereby forming optical waveguides; and during said step of forming the optical channels, forming one or more alignment features (e.g. projections) on the optical printed...

  16. Why monetary board: Monetary board and endogenic price flexibility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bašić Tamara

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a model which proves that a unilateral exchange rate fixing, i.e. monetary board, as opposed to certain opinions, is an optimal policy since it increases flexibility of nominal prices, which is the ultimate goal of a flexible exchange rate policy. A suitable calibration of the model shows that the higher the initial price flexibility, the lower the difference needed for "utility increase" in getting the producers to switch from fixed to flexible prices. The results obtained in all cases indicate that exchange rate fixing increases price flexibility, which proves that a unilateral exchange rate fixing, i.e. monetary board, could be an optimal monetary policy.

  17. The Dutch 'Female Board Index' 2008: Feamle executive and non-executive directors on corporate boards of Dutch listed companies

    OpenAIRE

    Lückerath-Rovers, Mijntje

    2009-01-01

    textabstractThe Dutch ‘Female Board Index 2008’ provides for the second year an overview of female representation on the Board of Directors and Supervisory Boards of 113 Dutch NV companies1 listed on Euronext Amsterdam. The companies were classified according to the percentage of women present on their combined Board of Directors and Supervisory Boards. The Dutch ‘Female Board Index’ also analyses the differences between male and female executive directors and supervisors ('non-executive dire...

  18. Boards for the Professions. A Statement of Background and Guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Office of the Professions.

    The functions, prerogatives, and responsibilities of the New York State Boards for the several professions and of the executive secretary to the board are delineated. These boards assist the Board of Regents and the Department of Education on matters of professional licensing, practice, and professional conduct. The following aspects of board…

  19. 78 FR 70275 - United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-25

    ... International Trade Administration United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board AGENCY: International Trade... United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board. SUMMARY: The Department of Commerce is currently seeking applications for membership on the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board (Board). The purpose of...

  20. Board gender diversity and accounting conservatism:evidence from Finland

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, L.

    2016-01-01

    The objective of the thesis is to investigate the relationship between board gender diversity and conditional accounting conservatism in Finnish context. There is relatively less literature on the effect of board gender diversity on accounting conservatism in comparison with literature on the relationship between the two board attributes - board size and board independence and accounting conservatism. With the global movement of women’s right in economic and social activities, female director...

  1. Board on chemical sciences and technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology organizes and provides direction for standing and ad hoc committees charged with addressing specific issues relevant to the continued health of the chemical sciences and technology community. Studies currently under the oversight of the BCST include a major survey of chemical engineering, an examination of the problems of biohazards in the laboratory, and an analysis of the roots and magnitude of the problem of obsolescent facilities for research and teaching in departments in the chemical sciences and engineering. The Board continues to respond to specific agency requests for program assessments and advice. BCST members are designated to serve as liaison with major federal agencies or departments that support research in order to help identify ways for the board to assist the these organizations. The BCST also maintains close contact with professional societies and nongovernmental organizations that share the Board's concern for the health of chemical sciences and technology. Individual Board members are assigned responsibility for liaison with the American Chemical Society, the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, the American Society of Biological Chemists, the Council for Chemical Research, the Chemistry and Biochemistry Sections of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), and the National Academy of Engineering (NAE). In the past few years, the Board has served as a focus and a forum for a variety of issues that relate specifically to the health of chemistry. A sampling of these concerns include: industry-university cooperation; basic research funding in DOD, DOE, NIH, and NSF; basic research in the chemistry of life processes; basic research in biochemical engineering; basic research in the science and technology of new materials; and undergraduate education in chemistry and chemical engineering

  2. Ownership Concentration, Top Management and Board Compensation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Barbosa Pinto

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The degree of ownership concentration may influence executive and board compensation (Bebchuk & Fried, 2003. This article analyzes this relationship. Detailed information about top management and board compensation became available starting in 2010 through new Securities Commission filings. Linear regression models applied to a sample of 315 Brazilian companies traded on the national exchange indicate a negative and statistically significant economic correlation between executive compensation and the degree of ownership concentration. Ceteris paribus, companies with a lower degree of ownership concentration pay higher compensation to top executives. Family controlled companies pay more to their chief executive, but not to the managerial team as a whole, and the compensation of directors increases with a greater proportion of control group members or their relatives on the board. There was support for the Managerial Power Hypothesis in companies with a lower degree of ownership concentration and for the extraction of private benefits in companies where it is greater.

  3. Board Characteristics and Corporate Performance in the Netherlands

    OpenAIRE

    Hans van Ees; Theo J.B.M. Postma; Elmer Sterken

    2003-01-01

    We analyze the performance-board characteristic nexus of Dutch listed firms. The Netherlands has a continental-European two-tier board structure. This makes it interesting to analyze the impact of management and supervisory board characteristics (size, composition and remuneration) on corporate performance. In Dutch corporate governance, the supervisory board plays a role in (anti-) investor protection. Subsequently, both board size and composition are variables that reflect corporate decisio...

  4. The Female FTSE Board Report 2009: Norway and Spain join our census to benchmark corporate boards

    OpenAIRE

    Sealy, Ruth; Vinnicombe, Susan; Doldor, Elena

    2009-01-01

    2009 marks our eleventh annual report with a small incremental increase in the percentage of women on boards. Overall, there are 12.2% women directors on the FTSE 100 boards. There is a discouraging decline in the number of companies with female executive directors to 15 (from 16). Also disappointing is a decline in the number of boards with multiple women directors to 37 (from 39). In addition there is a decline in the overall number of companies with women on boards, and o...

  5. VATESI goals and structure. Board of VATESI

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Constitution of nuclear safety regulatory body in Lithuania - VATESI is presented. VATESI was established by the Government in 1991. VATESI is responsible for state regulation of nuclear safety, accounting for nuclear materials. Currently there are five divisions at VATESI: Licensing Division, Safety Assesment Division, Resident Group at Ignalina NPP, Radioactive Waste Division and Nuclear Materials Control Division. In 1997 Board of VATESI was established to control VATESI's activities and to form nuclear safety strategy for Lithuania. The board consists of 7 members from various authorities and is chaired by prof. K. Almenas from Maryland University (US)

  6. Playing the Board Game: An Empirical Analysis of University Trustee and Corporate Board Interlocks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pusser, Brian; Slaughter, Sheila; Thomas, Scott Loring

    2006-01-01

    This study empirically examines the changing nature of linkages between 20 of the United States's most productive research universities and the corporate world by comparing the number and nature of simultaneous memberships on the boards of trustees of these institutions and the boards of directors of some of the nation's largest corporate entities…

  7. Board Size and Board Independence: A Quantitative Study on Banking Industry in Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kashif Rashid

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to investigate the relationship of board independence and board size with productivity and efficiency of the listed banks on the Karachi Stock Exchange, Pakistan. There is a lack of consensus regarding impact of corporate governance practices in correspondence to number of board members and board independence in banking sector. The derived results of the study show that there is a positive relationship between board independence and bank profitability and efficiency. Independent directors play a crucial role in providing genuine advice during executive decision making process which is an important source for improving overall corporate governance. Moreover, results regarding the role of control variables suggest a positive relationship of the total assets and deposits of the firm with the firm’s performance supporting stewardship theory in the market.

  8. Internationalilzation of the Firm and its Board

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oxelheim, Lars; Gregoric, Aleksandra; Randøy, Trond;

    amount of foreigners on the nomination committee also positively relates to the number of foreigners on the board. Rather than age, the median board tenure negatively impacts the prevalence of foreigners on the supervisory board. This barrier to board internationalization may reflect conservatism, fear...

  9. Buses and Boards Making the right choice

    CERN Document Server

    Gipper, Jerry

    2009-01-01

    From motherboard to backplane to blade based computer systems, the choices are numerous. This paper will cover the markets and trends within those markets that influence decisions made by board suppliers. Discussion will focus on the various form factors, the development and evolution of industry standards, and the consortia that support and develop these standards, including VITA, PICMG, and others. This paper will conclude with suggestions for choosing the right form factor for your application.

  10. 7 CFR 1280.222 - Books and Records of Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Books and Records of Board. 1280.222 Section 1280.222... INFORMATION ORDER Lamb Promotion, Research, and Information Order Reports, Books, and Records § 1280.222 Books and Records of Board. The Board shall: (a) Maintain such books and records, which shall be...

  11. The Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Through the Atomic Energy Act, Congress made is possible for the public to get a full and fair hearing on civilian nuclear matters. Individuals who are directly affected by any licensing action involving a facility producing or utilizing nuclear materials may participate in a formal hearing, on the record, before independent judges on the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel (ASLBP or Panel). Frequently, in deciding whether a license, permit, amendment, or extension should be granted to a particular applicant, the Panel members must be more than mere umpires. If appropriate, they are authorized to go beyond the issues the parties place before them in order to identify, explore, and resolve significant questions involving threats to the public health and safety that come to a board's attention during the proceedings. This brochure explains the purpose of the panel. Also addressed are: type of hearing handled; method of public participation; formality of hearings; high-level waste; other panel responsibilities and litigation technology

  12. What makes boards effective? An examination of the relationships between board inputs, structures, processes and effectiveness in non-profit organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Cornforth, Chris

    2001-01-01

    Based on a survey of charity boards in England and Wales this paper examines what influence board inputs, structures and processes have on board effectiveness. The findings provide mixed support for the normative literature on board effectiveness. Using stepwise logistic regression the research suggests that board inputs and three process variables are important in explaining board effectiveness, namely: board members have the time, skills and experience to do the job; clear board roles and r...

  13. Women on board and firm performance

    OpenAIRE

    Lückerath – Rovers, M.

    2010-01-01

    This study addresses the research question of whether companies with female directors on the board have a higher average performance than companies with no female directors. The debate about the low representation of women in the top management of companies involves both moral arguments (equality between men and women) and economic arguments (companies with more women perform better). This study investigates the financial performance of 99 Dutch listed companies with and without women on the ...

  14. Relationship between Governing Board Interlocks and Initial Public Offerings (Japanese)

    OpenAIRE

    MATSUDA Naoko; Matsuo, Yutaka

    2014-01-01

    Governing board interlocks composed from bipartite networks with firms and governing board members diffuse management knowledge and information between firms. In this research, we analyzed governing board interlocks in the IT sectors empirically and reveal that interlocks with both listed firms and others firms enhance the probability of an initial public offering (IPO) of the connected firm.

  15. Board on chemical sciences and technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Board has completed five reports since June 1988. Biosafety in the Laboratory: Prudent Practices for Handling and Disposal of Infectious Materials is a comprehensive review of the principles and practices of biological safety in the laboratory. Currently in press, it promises to be a landmark publication in this field, comparable to the Board's two previous studies on handling and disposal of chemicals in laboratories. Chemical Processes and Products in Severe Nuclear Reactor Accidents: Report of a Workshop evaluates the quality and relevance of existing high-temperature thermodynamic and kinetic data to the analysis of light-water reactor accidents. A number of areas where important data was deemed to be lacking or inadequate were identified to provide a sound basis for predicting the behavior of fission products, fuel, and other materials in nuclear reactors during a severe accident leading to radioactivity release. Training Requirements for Chemists in Nuclear Medicine, Nuclear Industry, and Related Areas assesses the training requirements for chemists in nuclear medicine, nuclear industry, and related areas. Finally, the Board's Air Force Office of Scientific Research High Energy Density Materials Panel has completed two program evaluation reports on this Air Force program

  16. Commitment or Entrenchment?: Controlling Shareholders and Board Composition

    OpenAIRE

    Yeh, Yin-Hua; Woidtke, Tracie

    2004-01-01

    This paper examines the determinants of board composition and firm valuation as a function of board composition in Taiwan - a country that features relatively weak protection for investors, firms with controlling shareholders, and pyramidal groups. The results suggest that there is poor governance when the board is dominated by members who are affiliated with the controlling family but good governance when the board is dominated by members who are not affiliated with the controlling family. I...

  17. The relationship between hospital governing boards and administrators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Males, H E

    1985-10-01

    The article examines the origin, nature, and resolution of varying types of conflict between hospital boards and administrators as illustrated in two contexts. The first case study describes conflicts at institutions where large ("upsized") boards become overly involved in hospital affairs after the management team has been downsized. The second case discusses the problem of board underinvolvement in hospital affairs within multihospital systems where a single board governs several administrative teams. PMID:10281823

  18. Corporate Board Structure, Managerial Self-Dealing, and Common Agency

    OpenAIRE

    Vinicius Carrasco

    2005-01-01

    This paper compares the effects on corporate performance and managerial self-dealing in a situation in which a (privately informed) CEO reports to a single Board that is responsible for both monitoring management and establishing performance targets to an alternative in which the CEO reports to two different Boards, each of them responsible for a different task. The equilibrium set of the common agency game induced by the dual board structure is fully characterized. Compared to a single board...

  19. Board effectiveness and firm performance of Canadian listed firms

    OpenAIRE

    Conheady, Brian; McIlkenny, Philip; Opong, Kwaku K.; Pignatel, Isabelle

    2015-01-01

    An effective board of directors is central to agency theory's prescription to solving the problems of separation of ownership from control in the modern corporation. The shareholders' confidence in the board's ability to fulfil its duties is an important measure of the success or otherwise of this cornerstone of agency theory. The Board Shareholder Confidence Index focuses on the board of directors and is the standard by which Canadian governance best practices are measured. This paper invest...

  20. Board of directors' characteristics and conditional accounting conservatism : Spanish evidence

    OpenAIRE

    García Lara, Juan Manuel; García Osma, Beatriz; Penalva, Fernando

    2007-01-01

    Using a sample of Spanish listed firms for the period 1997-2002 we find that firms where the CEO has low influence over the functioning of the board of directors show a greater degree of accounting conservatism. We measure the influence of the CEO over the board of directors using two aggregate indexes combining 6 (8) characteristics of the functioning of the board of directors and its monitoring committees: board size, proportion of non-executive directors, proportion of independent director...

  1. CORPORATE BOARD STRUCTURE AND ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE: EVIDENCE FROM ROMANIAN FIRMS

    OpenAIRE

    CORINA GAVREA; ROXANA STEGEREAN; ANAMARIA MARIN

    2011-01-01

    Good corporate governance is an important ingredient of the image of an organization. This is one reason that led to the increase of the importance of this concept in the past years. This paper examines the impact of board characteristics (board size, CEO duality and board diversity) as a corporate governance variable on organizational performance. We decided to use these variables as a mean of cuantifing corporate governance because the effectiveness of the board of directors has become a gl...

  2. Boards: Independent and Committed Directors?

    OpenAIRE

    Gantenbein, Pascal; Volonté, Christophe

    2011-01-01

    Regulators and shareholders are calling for independent directors. Independent directors, however, have numerous external professional commitments. Using To- bin’s Q as an approximation of market valuation and controlling for endogeneity, our empirical analysis reveals that neither external commitments are negatively related to firm performance nor is independence positively related to it. However, more precise analyses show that executive directors and family representatives have a positive ...

  3. Boards: Independent and Committed Directors?

    OpenAIRE

    Gantenbein, Pascal; Volonté, Christophe

    2011-01-01

    Regulators and shareholders are calling for independent directors. Independent directors, however, have numerous external professional commitments. Using To- bin's Q as an approximation of market valuation and controlling for endogeneity, our empirical analysis reveals that neither external commitments are negatively related to firm performance nor is independence positively related to it. However, more precise analyses show that executive directors and family representatives have a positive ...

  4. Boards : Independent and committed directors?

    OpenAIRE

    Christophe Volonté

    2015-01-01

    Regulators, proxy advisors and shareholders are regularly calling for independent directors. However, at the same time, independent directors commonly engage in numerous outside activities potentially reducing their time and commitment with the particular firm. Using Tobin's Q as an approximation of market valuation and controlling for endogeneity, our empirical analysis reveals that neither is independence positively related to firm performance nor are outside activities negatively related t...

  5. Particle Board and Oriented Strand Board Prepared with Nanocellulose-Reinforced Adhesive

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Veigel

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Adhesives on the basis of urea-formaldehyde (UF and melamine-urea-formaldehyde (MUF are extensively used in the production of wood-based panels. In the present study, the attempt was made to improve the mechanical board properties by reinforcing these adhesives with cellulose nanofibers (CNFs. The latter were produced from dissolving grade beech pulp by a mechanical homogenization process. Adhesive mixtures with a CNF content of 0, 1, and 3 wt% based on solid resin were prepared by mixing an aqueous CNF suspension with UF and MUF adhesives. Laboratory-scale particle boards and oriented strand boards (OSBs were produced, and the mechanical and fracture mechanical properties were investigated. Particle boards prepared with UF containing 1 wt% CNF showed a reduced thickness swelling and better internal bond and bending strength than boards produced with pure UF. The reinforcing effect of CNF was even more obvious for OSB where a significant improvement of strength properties of 16% was found. For both, particle board and OSB, mode I fracture energy and fracture toughness were the parameters with the greatest improvement indicating that the adhesive bonds were markedly toughened by the CNF addition.

  6. The Central Logic Board and its auxiliary boards for the optical module of the KM3NeT detector

    CERN Document Server

    Biagi, S

    2014-01-01

    The KM3NeT neutrino telescope will be composed of many optical modules, each of them containing 31 (3") photomultipliers, connected to a Central Logic Board. The Central Logic Board integrates Time to Digital Converters that measure Time Over Threshold of the photomulti- pliers signals while White Rabbit is used for the optical modules time synchronization. Auxiliary boards have also been designed and built in order to test and extend the performance of the Cen- tral Logic Board. The Central Logic Board, as well as the auxiliary boards, will be presented by focusing on the design consideration, prototyping issues and tests.

  7. The Central Logic Board and its auxiliary boards for the optical module of the KM3Net detector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The KM3Net neutrino telescope will be composed of many optical modules, each of them containing 31 (3) photomultipliers, connected to a Central Logic Board. The Central Logic Board integrates Time to Digital Converters that measure Time over Threshold of the photomultipliers signals while White Rabbit is used for the optical modules time synchronization. Auxiliary boards have also been designed and built in order to test and extend the performance of the Central Logic Board. The Central Logic Board, as well as the auxiliary boards, will be presented by focusing on the design consideration, prototyping issues and tests

  8. The Central Logic Board and its auxiliary boards for the optical module of the KM3Net detector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biagi, S.; Orzelli, A.

    2014-12-01

    The KM3Net neutrino telescope will be composed of many optical modules, each of them containing 31 (3") photomultipliers, connected to a Central Logic Board. The Central Logic Board integrates Time to Digital Converters that measure Time over Threshold of the photomultipliers signals while White Rabbit is used for the optical modules time synchronization. Auxiliary boards have also been designed and built in order to test and extend the performance of the Central Logic Board. The Central Logic Board, as well as the auxiliary boards, will be presented by focusing on the design consideration, prototyping issues and tests.

  9. Effective School Board Leadership and Governance: The Impact of Training and Continuous Education on Self-Perceptions of Board Competency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adamson, Michael Taylor

    2011-01-01

    School board training is promoted throughout the United States as a means whereby school board member can become more effective in the performance of their roles and responsibilities. This study examines whether correlations exist school board members participation in training or continuous education and their overall perceptions of effectiveness…

  10. Enhancing board effectiveness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curran, Connie R; Totten, Mary K

    2010-01-01

    Like any other job, board work is associated with specific competencies. Competencies are the combination of knowledge, skills, personal characteristics, and behaviors needed to perform a job or task effectively. Boards are only as strong as their weakest member. Board education should focus on improving the knowledge and skills of the board and individual members and on overall board performance. Assessment of individual board member performance is designed to evaluate the trustee's knowledge of board roles and responsibilities and the expectations of board members. Board effectiveness is built through competency-based board member recruitment and selection; board member education and development; and evaluation of board, board member, and meeting performance. PMID:21291066

  11. Correlation Between An Email Based Board Review Program and American Board of Pediatrics General Pediatrics Certifying Examination Scores

    OpenAIRE

    Langenau, Erik E.; Fogel, Joshua; Schaeffer, Henry A.

    2009-01-01

    Objective To investigate the impact of a weekly email based board review course on individual resident performance on the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) General Pediatrics Certifying Examination for pediatric residents and, specifically, residents with low ABP In-training Examination (ITE) scores. Methods Weekly board-type questions were emailed to all pediatric residents from 2004–2007. Responses to board-type questions were tracked, recorded, and correlated with ITE scores and ABP Gener...

  12. Correlation Between An Email Based Board Review Program and American Board of Pediatrics General Pediatrics Certifying Examination Scores

    OpenAIRE

    Langenau, Erik E.; Fogel, Joshua; Schaeffer, Henry A.

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the impact of a weekly email based board review course on individual resident performance on the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) General Pediatrics Certifying Examination for pediatric residents and, specifically, residents with low ABP In-training Examination (ITE) scores. Methods: Weekly board-type questions were emailed to all pediatric residents from 2004_2007. Responses to board-type questions were tracked, recorded, and correlated with ITE scores and ABP Gen...

  13. Board and Deans of Amsterdam University, Netherlands

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2001-01-01

    L. to r.: Dr Thomas Taylor, CERN IT Deputy Division Leader; Prof. Dymph C. van den Boom, Dean Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Professor in Empirical Thoretical Pedagogy; Prof. Jos Engelen, NIKHEF/University of Amsterdam, Dutch Delegate to the Scientific Policy Committee and Chairman of the LHC Committee; Prof. Jacob van der Gaag, Dean Faculty of Economic Science and Econometry, Professor in Developmenteconomy;Mr Jan van der Boon, CERN Director of Admnistration; Prof. Jan Robert Bausch, Dean Faculty of Dental Medicine, Professor in general Dentistry; Dr Sijbolt J. Noorda, President of the Board of the University of Amsterdam.

  14. 75 FR 80039 - U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-21

    ... International Trade Administration U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the U.S. Travel and... the U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board (Board). The agenda may change to accommodate Board.... travel and tourism industries. Topics to be considered: During the meeting, the Board will hear...

  15. The Dutch 'Female Board Index 2009 : Female executive and non-executive directors on corporate boards of Dutch listed companies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lückerath – Rovers, M.

    2009-01-01

    The Dutch ‘Female Board Index 2009’ provides for the third year an overview of female representation on the Executive Boards and Supervisory Boards of 107 Dutch NV companies listed on Euronext Amsterdam. The study showed that in September 2009, 38 listed Dutch companies have one or more women on the

  16. The Dutch 'Female Board Index' 2008 : Feamle executive and non-executive directors on corporate boards of Dutch listed companies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Lückerath-Rovers (Mijntje)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractThe Dutch ‘Female Board Index 2008’ provides for the second year an overview of female representation on the Board of Directors and Supervisory Boards of 113 Dutch NV companies1 listed on Euronext Amsterdam. The companies were classified according to the percentage of women present on

  17. School Board Member and School Counselor Perceptions of School Board Knowledge, Priorities, and Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shea, Megyn L.

    2013-01-01

    The role and function of school counselors remains a consistent source of concern in the school counseling profession. Aligning school counseling activities with comprehensive school counseling practice is a way to standardize the profession. Creating a school board policy for counseling is a strategy to gain support for and institutionalize…

  18. Board composition, process, and activism: evidence within American firms

    OpenAIRE

    Scott SCARBOROUGH; Jeffrey J. HAYNIE; Christopher SHOOK

    2010-01-01

    This study provided an empirical test of the effects of compositional and process variables on board activism. The attributes examined were functional area knowledge, independence, duality, and effort norms. The findings from this study provided support for the positive relationships between both functional area knowledge and effort norms and board activism. The strong relationship between effort norms and activism indicates the importance of process variables in board research and the need f...

  19. Polar Research Board annual report, 1987 and future plans

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1988-12-31

    This annual report describes the Polar Research Board, its origin and objectives, its work and plans, and its principle activities and accomplishments during calendar year 1987. The Overview presents a concise summary of the various aspects of the Board`s program and of its responsibilities as US National Committee for the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) of the International Council of Scientific Unins. Arctic and Antarctic activities are described.

  20. Attorney Fees, School Boards, and Special Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osborne, Allan G., Jr.; Russo, Charles J.

    2010-01-01

    A major expense associated with litigating disputes under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is the right of parents who succeed in suits against their school boards to recover attorney fees. Yet until recently, boards were generally unable to recover attorney fees from parents even when they succeeded in demonstrating that…

  1. Women directors on corporate boards: A review and research agenda

    OpenAIRE

    Terjesen, S.; Sealy, R; Singh, V

    2009-01-01

    Manuscript Type: Conceptual (Review) Research Question/Issue: This review examines how gender diversity on corporate boards influences corporate governance outcomes that in turn impact performance. We describe extant research on theoretical perspectives, characteristics and impact of women directors on corporate boards (WOCB) at micro, meso and macro levels: individual, board, firm and industry/environment. Research Finding/Insights: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first com...

  2. Board composition and firm performance variance: Australian evidence

    OpenAIRE

    Yi Wang; Judith Oliver

    2009-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between board composition and firm performance variance in the context of recent corporate governance reforms, based on the agency and organisational literatures. Design/methodology/approach – This paper uses 384 of the top 500 Australian companies as its dataset. Board composition measures include the percentages of affiliated, executive and independent members on the board. Firm risk is represented by the standard deviat...

  3. Board Characteristics, Performance and Risk Taking Behaviour in Tunisian Banks

    OpenAIRE

    Houssem Rachdi; Ines Ghazouani Ben Ameur

    2011-01-01

    The existing literature provides conflicting views of the relationship among board characteristics; performance(Return on Assets and Return on Equity) and bank risk taking (Z-score). The relation between characteristics ofcorporate boards, firm performance and risk taking continues to be a fundamental issue in the corporategovernance literature. Findings of this literature are often inconclusive. The main contribution of this study is ananalysis of how board characteristics affect performance...

  4. Board Process, Capital Structure Decisions and Company Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Aza Azlina Md Kassim; Zuaini Ishak; Nor Aziah Abdul Manaf

    2012-01-01

    Previous studies have focused on board structure and company performance. Several numbers of studies have reported less evidence or no consensus on the relationship between the two. Therefore, attention has shifted to board process in order to provide better insight on the quality of the board. With regards to capital structure, the decision is an integral part of strategies implementation and related to company performance. The paper aims to examine three conceptual models on compan...

  5. Corporate governance practices in Turkey: Board structure and gender issues

    OpenAIRE

    Dashti, Gelareh Sayyar

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between board structure characteristics and corporate governance practices with performance in Turkish firms. Board structure elements, including board size, duality, the board’s level of independence, and gender diversity are examined from agency theory perspective. The corporations’ age are used as a control variable, Turkey’s largest 50 companies whose shares are listed on the Istanbul Stock Exchange for the year 2011...

  6. Communication and Decision-Making in Corporate Boards

    OpenAIRE

    Nadya Malenko

    2011-01-01

    This paper develops a model of communication and decision-making in corporate boards. The key element of the paper is that the quality of board communication is endogenous, because it depends on the effort directors put into trying to communicate their information to others. In the model, directors may have biases regarding board decisions and may also be reluctant to disagree with other directors. If the only interaction between directors is at the decision-making stage, when decisions are m...

  7. Women on corporate boards around the world: Triggers and barriers

    OpenAIRE

    Chizema, A.; Kamuriwo, D.; Shinozawa, Y

    2015-01-01

    One of the institutions in which the gender gap remains a contestable issue is the board of directors, where the proportion of female directors is still low. While some countries have achieved higher proportions of female directors on their corporate boards, others have not registered even a single one. Drawing on social role theory, that places emphasis on traditional gender activities, this study starts by arguing that board directorship is an agentic role and more suitable for men. The stu...

  8. 29 CFR 4002.3 - Board of Directors, Chair, and Representatives of Board Members.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the Director of the Corporation except that the following powers of the Board may not be delegated to the Director of the Corporation: (i) Voting on an amendment to these bylaws; (ii) Approval of the... and analysis, annual performance report, and reports of the independent auditor; (iii) Approval of...

  9. A Climate Change Board Game for Interdisciplinary Communication and Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eisenack, Klaus

    2013-01-01

    This article reports and reflects on the design and use of the board game KEEP COOL on climate change. The game covers and integrates central biophysical, economic, and political aspects of the issue. By using a board game as common language between students and scientists from different scientific cultures, knowledge of different disciplines can…

  10. DOE's Environmental Management Site-Specific Advisory Board: The Roles, Work, and Assessment of the Constituent Local Boards - 13587

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The charter for the Department of Energy's Environmental Management (EM) Site-Specific Advisory Board (SSAB) was approved under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA) in 1994. With a unique mandate to provide public input on issues associated with the cleanup of nuclear legacy sites in the U.S., the EM SSAB comprises eight local boards, which are based at major EM sites. While each board is unique to the community in which it is located and reflects the diversity of the local population, the boards are governed by FACA, related regulations, and DOE policies that are intended to standardize agency advisory board operations. The EM SSAB local boards are made up of a diverse group of citizens who want to understand the mission and goals of the EM program and to help EM achieve those goals for the benefit of their communities. Some are quite passionate about their mission; others need to be coaxed into active participation. Maintaining productive relationships and a supportive environment for effective board operations is the challenge of board management for DOE EM and the board members themselves. DOE draws on research findings and best practices literature from academics and practitioners in the field of public involvement in its board management practices. The EM SSAB is also evaluated annually under the law to ensure that the investment of taxpayer dollars in the board is warranted in light of the contributions of the board. Further evaluation takes place at the agency and site levels in order to identify what aspects of board functioning the agency and board members find important to its success and to address areas where improvement is needed. Board contributions, compliance factors, and measurable outcomes related to board products and process areas are key to agency commitment to ongoing support of the boards and to participant satisfaction and thus continued member involvement. In addition to evaluation of these factors in improving board effectiveness

  11. Effects of Masters in Governance Training and School Board Leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, Rocky

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to determine how the California School Board Association's (CSBA) Masters in Governance (MIG) training program leads to more effective school board leadership and governance. This study employed the framework of authors Lee Bolman and Terrence Deal, the CSBA, and the Lighthouse Inquiry of the Iowa Association of…

  12. Board effectiveness, conglomerate diversification, and firm performance: the tunisian case

    OpenAIRE

    walid mensi

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we explore the link between board structure and firm performance for twenty-eight non-banking companies listed on Tunis Stock Exchange over the period 1997-2003. Our empirical results corroborate previous studies making in Tunisia. Furthermore, conglomerate diversification destroys the effectiveness of governance board and therefore negatively associated to the corporate performance.

  13. Risk Management: An Accountability Guide for University and College Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abraham, Janice M.

    2013-01-01

    With proven advice and practical best practices for sound risk management, this robust publication written by the CEO of United Educators identifies how engaged board members should collaborate closely with institutional leaders on a variety of operational and strategic risks. All board members, whatever their role or committee assignment, will…

  14. 78 FR 77103 - United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-20

    ... on the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board. SUMMARY: On November 25, 2013, the Department of Commerce's International Trade Administration published a notice in the Federal Register (78 FR... International Trade Administration United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board AGENCY: International...

  15. Creating an Effective and Functional Board of Directors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pendleton, Marie

    2002-01-01

    This article offers suggestions for developing an effective and functional board of directors in private schools, especially Montessori schools. Suggestions relate to the creation of a strategic plan as part of the American Montessori Society accreditation process, the composition of the board and standing committees, the futility of seeking grant…

  16. 78 FR 46599 - Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    ...The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) announces that the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board will conduct a meeting that will provide an opportunity for the Advisory Board to attend presentations and engage with authors of the June 2013 National Research Council of the National Academies (NRC/NAS) Report entitled: ``Using Science to Improve the WHB Program: A Way...

  17. Dominant shareholders, board structure and bank performance: Evidence from Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stančić Predrag

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available We investigate relation between board structure (size and composition and bank performance in 18 Serbian commercial banks with a dominant shareholder in 2006-2010. We analyze this relation using OLS regression analysis on an unbalanced panel dataset of 75 observations. We find no significant relation between proportion of independent directors on the board and bank performance. We also find no significant relation between bank market performance and board size. We find that bank profitability, measured by ROA and ROE, increase as the number of directors on the board decreases. This result is statistically significant after controlling for endogenous variables and unobserved macroeconomic effects. We conclude that Serbian banks with dominant shareholder should put limits on board size. The relation between bank performance and ownership concentration ratio is always negative, but significant only in case of ROA and ROE.

  18. Binderless board and moulded products produced from whole coconut husks

    OpenAIRE

    Dam, van, P.H.A.; Snijder, M.H.B.

    2002-01-01

    A simple and efficient technology has been developed to produce high strength - high density board materials from whole coconut husks, without the addition of chemical binders. The board material has been shown to exhibit excellent properties, which are comparable with or even superior to commercial wood based panels.

  19. Missouri Rural School Board Governance and Student Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Zach; Webster, Amanda Beeler

    2009-01-01

    Through research, data collection, and analysis, this descriptive project examined rural Missouri school board governance practices. The study focused on Missouri rural schools with a student population of 400 to 1000. Effective school board members, as questionnaire respondents, were identified as having served rural Missouri school districts…

  20. Binderless board and moulded products produced from whole coconut husks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dam, van J.E.G.; Snijder, M.H.B.

    2002-01-01

    A simple and efficient technology has been developed to produce high strength - high density board materials from whole coconut husks, without the addition of chemical binders. The board material has been shown to exhibit excellent properties, which are comparable with or even superior to commercial

  1. Board on Research Data and Information

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sztein, A. Ester [National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC (United States); Boright, John [National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC (United States)

    2015-08-14

    The Board on Research Data and Information (BRDI) has planned and undertaken numerous activities regarding data citation, attribution, management, policy, publishing, centers, access, curation, sharing, and infrastructure; and international collaboration and cooperation. Some of these activities resulted in National Research Council reports (For Attribution: Developing Data Attribution and Citation Practices and Standards (2012), The Case for International Scientific Data Sharing: A Focus on Developing Countries (2012), and The Future of Scientific Knowledge Discovery in Open Networked Environments (2012); and a peer-reviewed paper (Out of Cite, Out of Mind: The Current State of Practice, Policy, and Technology for the Citation of Data, 2013). BRDI held symposia, workshops and sessions in the U.S. and abroad on diverse topics such as global scientific data infrastructures, discovery of data online, privacy in a big data world, and data citation principles, among other timely data-related subjects. In addition, BRDI effects the representation of the United States before the International Council for Science’s International Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA).

  2. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Staff practice and procedure digest. Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board Decision, July 1972 - June 1995

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is the seventh edition of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Staff Practice and Procedure Digest. It contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period from July 1, 1972 to June 1995 interpreting the NRC rules of practice in 10 CFR part 2

  3. 78 FR 68422 - Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) Actions (Formerly Board of Patent Appeals and Interferences...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-14

    ... Patent and Trademark Office Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) Actions (Formerly Board of Patent... United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), as part of its continuing efforts to reduce paperwork... Patent and Trademark Office, P.O. Box 1450, Alexandria, VA 22313-1450. Federal Rulemaking Portal:...

  4. National Board Certified Teachers andTheir Students' Achievement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leslie G. Vandevoort

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Contemporary research on teaching indicates that teachers are powerful contributors to students’ academic achievement, though the set and interrelationships of characteristics that make for high-quality and effective teaching have yet to be satisfactorily determined. Nevertheless, on the basis of the extant research and a vision of exemplary teaching, the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards stipulated a definition of a superior teacher. The Board did this without empirical evidence to support their claim that teachers’ who meet the standards set by the Board were superior in promoting academic achievement to those who did not meet those standards. In the 17 years since the founding of the National Board, only a few empirical studies have addressed this important issue. In this study we compare the academic performance of students in the elementary classrooms of 35 National Board Certified teachers and their non-certified peers, in 14 Arizona school districts. Board Certified teachers and their principals provide additional information about these teachers and their schools. Four years of results from the Stanford Achievement Tests in reading, mathematics and language arts, in grades three through six, were analyzed. In the 48 comparisons (four grades, four years of data, three measures of academic performance, using gain scores adjusted for students’ entering ability, the students in the classes of National Board Certified Teachers surpassed students in the classrooms of non-Board certified teachers in almost threequarters of the comparisons. Almost one-third of these differences were statistically significant. In the cases where the students of non-Board certified teachers gained more in an academic year, none of the differences found were statistically significant. Effect size, translated into grade equivalents, informs us that the gains made by students of Board Certified teachers were over one month greater than the

  5. Institutional review boards: Challenges and opportunities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravindra B Ghooi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Institutional Review Boards (IRBs are an important link in subject protection program, and their function defines ethical credentials of research. Of late there has been a furore in the country over the number of deaths in clinical research, and allegations of unethical research. Clinical trials have been discussed in medical and lay press and even in the parliament, these discussions called for strengthening the subject protection program. The Central Drug Standards and Control Organization (CDSCO, amended the Schedule Y, by issuing three amendments to introduce new compensation rules and registration of IRBs functioning in the country. IRBs in India face a variety of challenges, and need support from the regulators or independent experts. This is also an opportunity to revamp the subject protection program and strengthen the IRB functioning. An independent advisory body comprising of experts who have hands on experience in administering IRBs, is essential to provide support to IRBs in the country. This body should be independent of regulatory influence and work with IRBs to strengthen them.

  6. 78 FR 31517 - Meeting of the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-24

    ... Executive Order 13597 on travel and tourism. The agenda may change to accommodate Board business. The final... International Trade Administration Meeting of the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board AGENCY... Tourism Advisory Board (Board). The Board will meet to discuss and deliberate on proposed...

  7. 12 CFR 308.102 - Authority of Board of Directors and Executive Secretary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authority of Board of Directors and Executive... Board of Directors and Executive Secretary. (a) The Board of Directors. (1) The Board of Directors may... this part 308 shall be construed to limit the power of the Board of Directors granted by...

  8. 76 FR 50179 - U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-12

    ... International Trade Administration U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board AGENCY: International Trade.... Travel and Tourism Advisory Board. SUMMARY: The Department of Commerce is currently seeking applications for membership on the U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board (Board). The purpose of the Board is...

  9. The French coal board and French society

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On 19 April 1946 the French national assembly passed a law for nationalizing the mineral fuel industry by a vote of 516 against only 31. 'Charbonnages de France' (CDF), the French coal board, was created and prospects were promising. During the reconstruction period (1945 - 1960), coal industry was a pillar of the French economy, the production of coal had been steadily growing to reach its top in 1958 with 59 Mt. The sixties showed the beginning of the decline of coal to the benefit of oil, natural gas and later nuclear energy. As early as 1967 CDF had a policy of promoting new industries in regions of mines in order to break down the mono-industry scheme and to favor staff conversion massively. In 1947 the number of people on the payroll of CDF was 360.000, this number was decreasing steadily to reach 23.000 in 1990. In 2004 the last deep mine to work in France was closed down. This article tells the story of coal mining in France by describing its ups and downs and by assessing its social impact

  10. 77 FR 56811 - United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board; Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-14

    ... travel and tourism. The agenda may change to accommodate Board business. The final agenda will be posted... International Trade Administration United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board; Meeting AGENCY... Tourism Advisory Board (Board). The Board will meet to present updates on the work of its...

  11. 76 FR 53666 - U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-29

    ... International Trade Administration U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the U.S. Travel and... the U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board (Board). The agenda may change to accommodate Board..., DC 20230. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jennifer Pilat, the U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory...

  12. Governing boards and profound organizational change in hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fennell, M L; Alexander, J A

    1989-01-01

    Over the past decade the importance of governing boards as policy-making setting and oversight units within organizations has increased dramatically. Although this is true for both corporate- and private-sector organizations (Bacon and Brown 1977; Gelman 1988), it is particularly relevant to the health sector. Hospital governing boards, long considered inconsequential in hospital management, have recently become subject to closer scrutiny. The role of governing boards in decisions affecting hospital strategy and hospital performance is once again a topic of some interest in boardrooms and hospital trade journals. Impressive evidence of the renewed interest in governance is provided by the funding of an instructional consortium by the S.K. Kellogg Foundation to help strengthen trusteeship and governing board decision making, and to improve education for health services managers in the area of governance. Members of the consortium include the Hospital Research and Educational Trust, the American Hospital Association, the American College of Healthcare Executives, and the Association for University Programs in Health Administration. Among the activities being undertaken by this consortium is the development of a self-assessment tool/methodology for boards, a bibliography and reference guide on effective governance for practicing trustees, research workshops for faculty in health administration programs, and a teaching guide on governance and trustee leadership. Despite this interest, the question with which we began this article persists. Do governing boards make a difference? In the course of our review of previous work on governance we found that, more often than not, that question has been transformed into: how do boards influence hospital performance? And very often that question has been further narrowed into: which board structure leads to better hospital performance? We have argued for a respecification of the initial question. Rather than pursuing a definition

  13. Particle Board and Oriented Strand Board Prepared with Nanocellulose-Reinforced Adhesive

    OpenAIRE

    Stefan Veigel; Jörn Rathke; Martin Weigl; Wolfgang Gindl-Altmutter

    2012-01-01

    Adhesives on the basis of urea-formaldehyde (UF) and melamine-urea-formaldehyde (MUF) are extensively used in the production of wood-based panels. In the present study, the attempt was made to improve the mechanical board properties by reinforcing these adhesives with cellulose nanofibers (CNFs). The latter were produced from dissolving grade beech pulp by a mechanical homogenization process. Adhesive mixtures with a CNF content of 0, 1, and 3 wt% based on solid resin were prepared by mixing ...

  14. Boards' involvement in firm strategy : how can a board be effectively involved in strategy formulation and contribute to firm's successfulness

    OpenAIRE

    Tughra, Ayub Mohammad

    2006-01-01

    The role of the board of directors in firm strategy has been subject of debate for a long time. Many researches have been done from different perspectives particularly on this issue. The purpose of this thesis is to study the role of the board of directors in firm strategy. This study will further investigate on how the board of directors can be effectively involved in strategy formulation for the firms and through this to contribute to the firms' successfulness. Board of directors is a group...

  15. 76 FR 21703 - U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-18

    ...This notice sets forth the schedule and agenda for an open meeting of the U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board (Board). The agenda may change to accommodate Board business. The final agenda will be posted on the Department of Commerce Web site for the Board at...

  16. Women on board and firm performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lückerath – Rovers, M.

    2010-01-01

    This study addresses the research question of whether companies with female directors on the board have a higher average performance than companies with no female directors. The debate about the low representation of women in the top management of companies involves both moral arguments (equality be

  17. Water Science and Technology Board annual report 1988

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1989-01-01

    This annual report of the Water Science and Technology Board (WSTB) summarizes the activities of the Board and its subgroups during 1988, its sixth year of existence. Included are descriptions of current and recently completed projects, new activities scheduled to begin in 1989, and plans for the future. The report also includes information on Board and committee memberships, program operational features, and reports produced during the past several years. This annual report is intended to provide an introduction to the WSTB and summary of its program for the year.

  18. Digitalizing a board game concept : Mobile game design and development

    OpenAIRE

    Hyytiäinen, Ville

    2015-01-01

    The objective of the thesis was to use a board game as a model and create multiple prototypes based on it for a mobile platform. The aim was to keep the core mechanics of the board game and add something new that would be extremely difficult or impossible to implement in a board game. This thesis looks at the theory behind game development, game design and prototyping. It also covers the development of the prototypes that were created during the project and the design decisions made durin...

  19. Women on Boards and Corporate Social Responsibility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eunjung Hyun

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available A growing body of research suggests that having more women in the boardroom leads to better corporate social responsibility (CSR performance. However, much of this work views the CSR-enhancing effect of women directors as largely driven by their moral orientations and rarely considers other underlying mechanisms. Moreover, less explored are the firm-specific conditions under which such CSR-promoting roles of female directors might be performed more (or less effectively. In this paper, we seek to bridge this gap in the literature by (1 proposing an additional account for the positive influence of female independent directors on the firm’s CSR and (2 illuminating the organizational context in which female directorship is likely to translate into good CSR performance. We argue that women independent directors might take CSR issues more seriously than their male counterparts not only because of their stronger moral orientations, but also because they have reputational reasons to do so. Further, we suggest that female directors’ concerns about CSR-relevant matters are more (less likely to gain support from other members of the organization when their company is doing more (less business in the product markets where reputation for CSR is more (less vital for success. Using a sample of Standard & Poor’s (S&P 1500 index firms (2000–2009 and the data on their board composition and CSR ratings, we find strong support for our argument. We find that the number (or proportion of women independent directors is positively associated with a firm’s CSR ratings and that the strength of this relationship depends on the level of the firm’s consumer market orientation.

  20. 75 FR 16188 - Sunshine Act Meetings of the Board of Directors and Five Committees of the Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-31

    ... mail to FR_NOTICE_QUESTIONS@lsc.gov . SPECIAL NEEDS: Upon request, meeting notices will be made... disability and need an accommodation to attend the meeting may notify Katherine Ward, at (202) 295-1500 or FR... Sunshine Act Meetings of the Board of Directors and Five Committees of the Board Notice DATE AND TIME:...

  1. The Problem: Low-Achieving Districts and Low-Performing Boards

    OpenAIRE

    David E. Lee; Daniel Wayne Eadens

    2014-01-01

    Effective school districts maintain superintendent and school board collegiality which can foster success and connectedness among members. Delagardelle and Alsbury (2008) found that superintendents and board members are not consistent in their perceptions about the work the board does, and Glass (2007) found that states do not require boards to undergo evaluation for effectiveness. In the current study, 115 board meetings were observed using the School Board Video Project (SBVP) survey, which...

  2. Does School Board Training Encourage and Equip School Board Members to Exhibit the Behaviors of Effective Governance?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gates, Issaic

    2013-01-01

    This study applied 3 theoretical frameworks--Lee Bolman and Terrence Deal's four frames, the Lighthouse Inquiry of the Iowa Association of School Boards, and effective governance characteristics--to examine the impact of the Masters in Governance (MIG) training offered by the California School Boards Association on the ability of school board…

  3. Lessons from The French Exception: How Firms Choose Between Unitary and Dual Boards

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Many governance reform proposals focus on strengthening board monitoring. In contrast, Adams and Ferreira (2007) and Harris and Raviv (2008) conclude that a passive board is often optimal. We examine determinants of board structure choice in France, where firms are free to choose between a unitary (passive) board and a dual (monitoring) board. We find firms with greater asymmetric information are likely to adopt a unitary board. Firms with a high potential for private benefit extraction are l...

  4. 76 FR 7231 - Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board; Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-09

    ...The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) announces that the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board will conduct a meeting on matters pertaining to management and protection of wild, free-roaming horses and burros on the Nation's public...

  5. 76 FR 55107 - Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board; Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-06

    ...The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) announces that the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board will conduct a meeting on matters pertaining to management and protection of wild, free-roaming horses and burros on the Nation's public...

  6. Polar Research Board annual report, 1987 and future plans

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1988-01-01

    This annual report describes the Polar Research Board, its origin and objectives, its work and plans, and its principle activities and accomplishments during calendar year 1987. The Overview presents a concise summary of the various aspects of the Board's program and of its responsibilities as US National Committee for the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) of the International Council of Scientific Unins. Arctic and Antarctic activities are described.

  7. Design and Implementation of A Circuit Board Calibration System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bai Hang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available With the development of science and technology, the traditional artificial detection methods cannot meet the requirements of modern equipment testing and calibration. Combined with the actual demand, a kind of circuit boards calibration system are put forward. It can to realize automatic testing and calibration of the circuit boards. Many functions of the calibration system such as automatic testing, self-test and monitoring are summarized. The hardware is introduced which including the industrial computer system, calibration adapter and so on. Then, development platform, the thought of program design and the structure of the software are introduced in detail. The function of automatic calibration to specific circuit boards are realized. Because the system has good commonality and easy to extend to upgrade, the development ideas and experiences can be applied to similar circuit boards automatic testing system.

  8. Institutional review board and regulatory solutions in the dental PBRN

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gilbert, Gregg H; Qvist, Vibeke; Moore, Sheila D;

    2010-01-01

    Effectively addressing regulatory and human participant protection issues with Institutional Review Boards (IRBs, or ethics committees) and grants administration entities is an important component of conducting research in large collaborative networks. A dental practice-based research network cal...

  9. Board interlocks and earnings management contagion

    OpenAIRE

    Chiu, PC; Teoh, SH; Tian, F.(Nevis Laboratory, Columbia University, Irvington, NY, USA)

    2009-01-01

    We examine whether earnings management spreads from firm to firm via board connections of shared directors. A firm has a higher likelihood of restating earnings in a given year if it shares a director with another firm that restated earnings either in that same year or within the past two years. We also find evidence of earning management contagion at the earlier restating period when the accounting violated GAAP. In this case, a firm has a higher probability of later restating earnings repor...

  10. AN EXAMINATION OF BOARD AND FIRM PERFORMANCE: EVIDENCE FROM TAIWAN

    OpenAIRE

    Chang-Jui Lin

    2011-01-01

    This article discusses the impact of duality and board structure in corporate governance on corporate performance. The results showed that, regarding Tobin's Q, outside independent directors have a positive impact while other variables have no impact on corporate performance. Similar results were achieved using ROA and ROE for analysis. Duality, board size, and family-controlled directors had a negative impact on ROA and ROE. Supervisory directors, outside independent directors and inside dir...

  11. Corporate diversification and board composition in Japanese electronic corporations

    OpenAIRE

    Nishi, Takahiro

    2014-01-01

    In this study, I examine the relationship between board composition and diversification strategy in Japanese electronic corporations. Many Japanese electronics companies have performed sluggishly and instituted major reforms in terms of governance and management. The strategic choice between Focus and Divarication is the foremost issue for Japanese firms aiming to improve their performance. A corporation’s diversification strategy is influenced by the board structure and configuration of corp...

  12. Integrated optical and electronic interconnect printed circuit board manufacturing

    OpenAIRE

    Selviah, D. R.; Fernández, F. A.; Papakonstantinou, I.; Wang, K.; Bagshiahi, H.; Walker, A. C.; McCarthy, A.; Suyal, H; Hutt, D.A.; Conway, P. P.; Chappell, J.; Zakariyah, S. S.; Milward, D

    2008-01-01

    Introduction: At high bit rates copper tracks in printed circuit boards (PCBs) suffer severe loss and pulse distortion due to radiation of electromagnetic waves, dispersion and bandwidth limitations. The loss can be overcome to some extent by transmitting higher power pulses and by changing the dielectric constant and loss tangent of the PCB substrate material. However, high power pulses consume power and can cause electro-migration which reduces the board lifetime, although the copper tracks...

  13. Board Composition, Corporate Performance, and the Cadbury Committee Recommendation

    OpenAIRE

    Dahya, Jay; McConnell, John J.

    2003-01-01

    During the 1990s and beyond, countries around the world have witnessed calls and/or mandates for more outside directors on publicly-traded companies’ boards even though extant studies find no significant correlation between outside directors and corporate performance. We examine the connection between changes in board composition and corporate performance in the UK over the interval 1989–1996, a period that surrounds publication of the Cadbury Report calling for at least three outside directo...

  14. 75 FR 26990 - Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board; Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-13

    ...The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) announces that the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board (Board) will be conducting a public workshop and meeting on the BLM's management of wild horses and burros. This will be a two day event. Monday, June 14, 2010, will be devoted to providing the public with a unique opportunity to provide input and feedback on the Secretary's Initiative. Tuesday, June 15,......

  15. Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel annual report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Fiscal Year 1990, The Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel (Panel) handled 40 proceedings involving the construction, operation, and maintenance of commercial nuclear power reactors or other activities requiring a license from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. This report summarizes, highlights, and analyzes how the judges and licensing boards of the Panel addressed the wide-ranging issues raised in these proceedings during the year

  16. The Atomic Energy Control Board and the uranium mining industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Atomic Energy Control Board controls prescribed substances and nuclear facilities through a licensing system. It is only recently that this system has been applied to the uranium industry. There are four stages in the licensing procedure before a Mine-Mill Facility Operating Licence is issued: exploration requires an underground exploration permit; site approval is needed before the start of the development stage; development approval is required before the construction of the mill and waste management facilities and depends on the information in a preliminary safety report; the granting of a final operating licence occurs after the Board is satisfied with the final safety report, operating policies and principles, tailings management, and decommissioning plans. The Board has resource management policies designed to ensure that uranium reserves are available to meet Canada's needs. The administration of safeguards is also the Board's responsibility. (LL)

  17. National Board Certified Teachers andTheir Students' Achievement

    OpenAIRE

    Leslie G. Vandevoort; Audrey Amrein-Beardsley; David C. Berliner

    2004-01-01

    Contemporary research on teaching indicates that teachers are powerful contributors to students’ academic achievement, though the set and interrelationships of characteristics that make for high-quality and effective teaching have yet to be satisfactorily determined. Nevertheless, on the basis of the extant research and a vision of exemplary teaching, the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards stipulated a definition of a superior teacher. The Board did this without empirical evid...

  18. Board structure and firm performance: evidence from Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Fortich, Roberto; Gutiérrez, Luis; Pombo, Carlos

    2008-01-01

    This paper studies the board structure and firm per- formance across 77 equity issuer corporations in Colombia for the 1998-2004 period. The sample is formed by 47 holding firms belonging to the top- two largest local conglomerates in the country, and 30 independent firms that were included as a control group. The paper presents for first time measures of board governance proxies such as independence, rotation, and members interlocking for this emerging market. Measurement results show that b...

  19. Corporate Governance and Board Effectiveness in Maritime Firms

    OpenAIRE

    Trond RandØy; Jon Down; Janinge Jenssen

    2003-01-01

    This paper examines the financial performance effect of three corporate governance mechanisms: (i) founding family CEO, (ii) board ownership, and (iii) board independence. The developed hypotheses are tested using multivariate ordinary least-squares regression on a 3-year sample of 32 publicly traded maritime firms from Norway and Sweden, and compared to the results of the same hypotheses tested on a sample of 96 manufacturing firms. This study concludes that maritime firms with a founding fa...

  20. Relationship between the Board Size and Financial Performance: Literature Review

    OpenAIRE

    DOĞAN, MESUT; TOPAL, Yusuf

    2015-01-01

    The Cadbury Report (1992), a pioneer in outlining the financial aspects of corporate governance, was the first to put the spotlight on corporate boards of directors. Around the same time, academic work started to gain impetus with the Hermalin and Weisbach (1991) study. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between the number of members of the board of directors with accounting and market-based performance indicators empirical research in the national and international literatu...

  1. Board diversity and firm performance: the Indonesian evidence

    OpenAIRE

    Darmadi, Salim

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the associations between diversity of board members and financial performance of the firms listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX). Three demographic characteristics of board members—gender, nationality, and age—are used as the proxies for diversity. Using a sample of 169 listed firms, this study finds that both accounting and market performance have significant negative associations with gender diversity. Nationality diversity is found to have no influence on firm pe...

  2. Board independence” and compensation structure of directors

    OpenAIRE

    Elena Merino; Montserrat Manzaneque; Alba Maria Priego

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines the relationship between board independence and the level and structure of directors´ compensation to determine whether this “independence” exerts a moderating effect on the different systems of remuneration granted to directors. We have developed several models based on linear panel data regression. The sample included 76 listed companies on the Spanish Continuous Market for the period 2004–2009. The results reveal that the moderating effect of board independence on direc...

  3. Remuneration Committee, Board Independence and Top Executive Compensation

    OpenAIRE

    Chii-Shyan Kuo; Shih-Ti Yu

    2014-01-01

    In this study, we examine whether the levels and structures of top executive compensation vary discernibly with different levels of board independence. We also examine how the newly mandated adoption of the remuneration committee (RC) in Taiwan affects the board independence-executive pay relation. The mandatory establishment of RC for Taiwanese public firms, starting in 2011, is intended to strengthen the reasonableness and effectiveness of the executive compensation structure; thus, it is t...

  4. Board-management relationships: Resources and internal dynamics

    OpenAIRE

    Erakovic, Ljiljana; Goel, Sanjay

    2008-01-01

    This paper investigates directors' relationships with firms' managers, using lenses of resource dependence theory and resource based view. Because of different roles that board members perform in modern organisations we seek to find out what boardmanagement relationships may provide a company with competitive advantage relative to other firms. The paper reports the results from a study conducted in six New Zealand companies. We used multiple respondents from the top management and board membe...

  5. Auditor industry specialization, board governance, and earnings management

    OpenAIRE

    Jerry Sun; Guoping Liu

    2013-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to investigate the interaction effect of auditor industry specialization and board governance on earnings management. This study examines whether board independence is more or less effective in constraining earnings management for firms audited by industry specialists than for firms audited by non-specialists. Design/methodology/approach – The US data were collected from the RiskMetrics Directors database and the Compustat database. Regression analysis w...

  6. Statistical properties of corporate board and director networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Battiston, S.; Catanzaro, M.

    2004-03-01

    The boards of directors of the largest corporations of a country together with the directors form a dense bipartite network. The board network consists of boards connected through common directors. The director network is obtained taking the directors as nodes, and a membership in the same board as a link. These networks are involved in the decision making processes relevant to the macro-economy of a country. We present an extensive and comparative analysis of the statistical properties of the board network and the director network for the first 1000US corporations ranked by revenue (“Fortune 1000") in the year 1999 and for the corporations of the Italian Stock Market. We find several common statistical properties across the data sets, despite the fact that they refer to different years and countries. This suggests an underlying universal formation mechanism which is not captured in a satisfactory way by the existent network models. In particular we find that all the considered networks are Small Worlds, assortative, highly clustered and dominated by a giant component. Several other properties are examined. The presence of a lobby in a board, a feature relevant to decision making dynamics, turns out to be a macroscopic phenomenon in all the data sets.

  7. Board Governance and Earnings Management of Chinese listed companies

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    According to current stage of China's capital market development and pervasive earnings management in Chinese listed companies, this paper systematically investigates the role of listed companies’ board governance in constraining earnings management. Based on the measurement of earnings management in Chinese listed companies by using Modified-Jones Model, this paper first proposes four theoretical hypotheses that suggest earnings management is negatively associated with board size, bo...

  8. Board Industry Experience, Firm Value, and Investment Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Drobetz, Wolfgang; Oesch, David; Schmid, Markus; von Meyerinck, Felix

    2014-01-01

    We analyze the valuation effect of board industry experience and channels through which industry experience of outside directors affects firm value. Our analysis shows that firms with more experienced outside directors are valued at a premium compared to firms with less experienced outside directors. Additional analyses, including a quasi-experimental setting based on director deaths, mitigate endogeneity concerns. Firms with experienced boards limit investment distortions (lower investment-c...

  9. Boards in Agricultural Cooperatives: Competence, Authority, and Incentives

    OpenAIRE

    Hendrikse, George

    2005-01-01

    textabstractThis article addresses three observations regarding the board of directors in agricultural cooperatives. First, many scholars and practitioners worry about the competency of the member dominated board of directors in agricultural cooperatives. Second, it is sometimes stated that cooperatives seem to behave like ordinary enterprises. Finally, it is argued that cooperatives may have advantages compared to firms with publicly exchanged shares. These observations are analyzed from var...

  10. Boards of directors and bank performance in United Arab Emirates

    OpenAIRE

    齋藤, 純; Saito, Jun

    2016-01-01

    This study presents an empirical analysis about corporate governance of financial institutions in United Arab Emirates (UAE). The purpose of this research is to analyze the influence of the structure of board of directors on the performance of these institutions. To examine the effect of control exerted by particular families on bank management, we estimated models where the dependent variable is return on assets (ROA) and return on equity (ROE), independent variables are board of directors v...

  11. BOARD OF DIRECTORS AND THE PRICING OF INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERINGS (IPOS): DOES THE EXISTENCE OF A PROPERLY STRUCTURED BOARD MATTER? EVIDENCE FROM FRANCE

    OpenAIRE

    Mnif, Anis

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to introduce the board of directors as a signal of firm quality to abate information asymmetry. This study is based on agency theory and signaling theory to suggest that the existence of properly structured board at the time of the IPO may signal high firm quality to potential investors. To do that, I examine the association between board of directors' characteristics (including board composition, board size, leadership structure (CEO duality) and existence of an ...

  12. Board's Monitoring and Retention of Sub-standard and Powerless CEOs

    OpenAIRE

    Sato, Meg

    2010-01-01

    Do corporate boards look after shareholder interests? This paper shows that CEO replacement may exhibit excessive inertia, in favor of the incumbent board of directors. I show that even when there is no relationship between the board of directors and CEO, or no threat of the CEO.s power over the board of directors, there is a case in which the board wants to keep sub-standard CEOs.

  13. 12 CFR 908.72 - Appearances and practice in proceedings before the Finance Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... the Finance Board. 908.72 Section 908.72 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD ORGANIZATION AND OPERATIONS RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE IN HEARINGS ON THE RECORD Rules of Practice Before the Finance Board § 908.72 Appearances and practice in proceedings...

  14. Alberta Energy and Utilities Board, regulatory highlights for 1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This new publication informs readers about what the Alberta Energy and Utilities Board (EUB) did in the past year, including important regulatory issues, trends and initiatives. The EUB is an agency of the provincial government, established to regulate Alberta's energy resource and utility sectors. It is part of the Alberta Ministry of Energy. The four main functions of the Board are regulatory initiatives, license applications, enforcement and information. This publication summarized the EUB's position regarding flaring (both solution gas flaring and well test flaring), and Board activities in the areas of animal health concerns, the gas over bitumen controversy, the deregulation of the electric industry and what it means to the EUB, improvements in data quality as a result of improved industry compliance in reporting, and a variety of issues related to the oil sands and the negotiated settlement process. Also, the Board has been proactive in the area of oilfield waste management guidelines, proliferation policies for gas processing facilities, sulphur recovery guidelines, and the expansion of the orphan well program to include facilities and pipelines. As a measure of the success of the EUB, a recent survey of 19 randomly selected focus groups praised EUB for its impartiality, fair and equitable enforcement and independence. It was also praised for its technically competent and experienced staff, its access to quality information and the clarity of its mandate, regulatory requirements and processes. The Board's efforts in the area of timely stakeholder consultation was highlighted. tabs., figs

  15. 77 FR 68826 - Notice of Meeting Preservation Technology and Training Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-16

    ... National Park Service Notice of Meeting Preservation Technology and Training Board AGENCY: National Park... Training Board (PTT Board) of the National Center for Preservation Technology and Training, National Park..., California. The PTT Board was established by Congress to provide leadership, policy advice, and...

  16. 77 FR 20009 - Meeting of the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-03

    ... Tourism Advisory Board (Board). The agenda may change to accommodate Board business. The final agenda will... Processing Goals and the Task Force on Travel and Competitiveness, 77 FR 3373). Public Participation: The... International Trade Administration Meeting of the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board...

  17. 77 FR 38583 - Meeting of the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-28

    ...This notice sets forth the schedule and agenda for an open meeting of the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board (Board). The agenda may change to accommodate Board business. The final agenda and address of the meeting will be posted at least one week in advance of the meeting on the Department of Commerce Web site for the Board at...

  18. 77 FR 1471 - The Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-10

    ... Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Advisory Board AGENCY: U.S. Department of Education, The Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Advisory Board. ACTION: Notice of an... meeting of the Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Advisory Board (Board)....

  19. 75 FR 42081 - The Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-20

    ... Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Advisory Board AGENCY: Department of Education. The Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Advisory Board. ACTION: Notice of an open meeting... Historically Black College and University Capital Financing Advisory Board (Board). The notice also...

  20. 75 FR 59227 - U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-27

    ... International Trade Administration U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board AGENCY: International Trade.... Travel and Tourism Advisory Board. SUMMARY: The Department of Commerce is currently seeking applications to fill three vacant positions on the U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board (Board). The purpose...

  1. 77 FR 51031 - Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-23

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration; Notice of... to the public. Name of Committee: Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration (Science Board). General Function of the Committee: The Science Board provides advice primarily to the Commissioner of...

  2. 75 FR 4407 - Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-27

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration; Notice of... to the public. Name of Committee: Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration (Science Board). General Function of the Committee: The Science Board provides advice primarily to the Commissioner of...

  3. Microcomputers and Elite Boarding Schools: Educational Innovation and Social Reproduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Persell, Caroline Hodges; Cookson, Peter W., Jr.

    1987-01-01

    Examines how private secondary boarding schools and their students have responded to microcomputers. Analyzes the nature of computer facilities, the frequency of use, and the social attributes of frequent users at such schools. Considers the implications of findings for social class reproduction. (RKM)

  4. Board and auditor interlocks and voluntary disclosure in annual reports

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Braam, G.J.M.; Borghans, L.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to explore whether interlock ties between the board of directors and the external auditors facilitate the cross-firm diffusion of voluntary disclosures in annual reports. Design/methodology/approach – Using a sample of 149 non-financial companies publicly lis

  5. The role and structure of the Atomic Energy Control Board

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Atomic Energy Control Board is responsible for the control and supervision of the application and use of nuclear materials and the operation of nuclear facilities to ensure that the health and safety of people are protected and that the nuclear materials and equipment are used only in accordance with the government non-proliferation policy. Requirements for control and supervision are made into regulations subject to approval by the Governor in Council. They are applied through a comprehensive licensing system. The interpretation and implementation of the regulations are contained in a series of regulatory documents published from time to time by the Board. The functional organization of staff that assist the Board for the administration, the assessment and issuance of licenses, compliance and inspection, as well as for the management of the regulatory research program is described. (author)

  6. Increasing diversity on public and private sector boards - Part 2 What is being done to improve diversity on boards and how effective is this?

    OpenAIRE

    Sealy, Ruth; Doldor, Elena; Vinnicombe, Susan

    2009-01-01

    The project was commissioned by the Government Equalities Office in order to examine the issue of diversity on boards of directors in the private and public sectors.The project addresses two main questions: Why are there so few women and other under-represented groups on public and private sector boards? and What is being done in order to increase diversity on boards? The report is published in two parts: Part I considered the available evidence on diversity on boards. It ex...

  7. Independent directors’ board networks and controlling shareholders’ tunneling behaviorq

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yunsen; Chen; Yutao; Wang; Le; Lin

    2014-01-01

    As one of the channels by which board directors build important relationships,board networks can affect the governance role of independent directors. Defining director board networks as their connections based on direct ties they establish when serving on at least one common board, this paper explores the role of the network centrality of independent directors in restraining tunneling behavior by controlling shareholders in the Chinese capital market.Our empirical evidence shows that tunneling behavior by controlling shareholders is negatively related to the network centrality of independent directors and that this relationship is stronger when non-operating fund occupation is used as the measure of tunneling. The results of our study show that board networks can help independent directors to restrain tunneling behavior by large shareholders, which plays a positive role in corporate governance.ó 2013 Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of China Journal of Accounting Research. Founded by Sun Yat-sen University and City University of Hong Kong.

  8. 75 FR 39496 - U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-09

    ... International Trade Administration U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the U.S. Travel and...: Notice of an open meeting. SUMMARY: The U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board (Board) will hold a meeting to discuss topics related to the travel and tourism industry. DATES: July 26, 2010 at 1 p.m....

  9. 75 FR 14135 - U.S. Travel And Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-24

    ... International Trade Administration U.S. Travel And Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the U.S. Travel and...: Notice of an open meeting. SUMMARY: The U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board (Board) will hold a meeting to discuss topics related to the travel and tourism industry. DATES: April 8, 2010 at 1 p.m....

  10. 75 FR 16438 - U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... International Trade Administration U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the U.S. Travel and...: Notice of the rescheduling of an Open Meeting. SUMMARY: The U.S. Travel and Tourism Advisory Board (Board) will hold a meeting to discuss topics related to the travel and tourism industry. To provide...

  11. "Independence" and the nonprofit board: a general counsel's guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peregrine, Michael W; Broccolo, Bernadette M

    2006-01-01

    In the wake of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act regulations that govern the public company sector, standards are emerging to assure that nonprofit corporate boards are maintaining appropriate levels of independence. This Article provides a summation of the current trends in the development of independence standards for nonprofit corporate governance, from both tax and corporate law perspectives. The authors consider independence standards for nonprofit boards of governance and discuss the evolution of independence standards as they relate to the duty of good faith, and the distinction between independence and conflicts of interest. The authors also seek to examine the evolution of current federal regulations and study state models that have been successfully implemented to insure the independence of nonprofit corporations. Finally, the authors propose a set of core guidelines to be considered when addressing board and committee independence issues. PMID:17402658

  12. [The adaptive possibilities and personal characteristics of boarding school inmates].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolotnikov, I Iu

    2008-01-01

    About 70% of children and adolescents entering the boarding schools came from the families problematic on the alcoholism and drug addiction where they were subject of the physical and psychological assault. The family ill-being, neglect, lack of consideration for children from the part of their hard drinking parents resulted into the development of mental pathology and pathology of other organs and systems of the body as well. The integral estimates of health of the graduates of boarding schools, their adaptive potential, physical and mental working capacity continue to be very low. PMID:19253670

  13. Call for JUNE Editorial Board Members and Reviewers

    OpenAIRE

    Grisham, William

    2010-01-01

    JUNE’s Editorial Board plans to expand the offerings and visibility of the journal by publishing more frequently and getting its content indexed on services such as PUBMED and ERIC. Because JUNE is produced by a team of volunteer editors and reviewers, additional volunteers are needed to help plan, structure, and achieve these goals. We are hereby inviting individuals to apply to become a JUNE Editorial Board member and/or reviewer. If you or a colleague you can recommend are interesting in l...

  14. On-Board TL Dosimetry: Possibilities and Limitations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The paper shortly deals with application of TLDs for dosimetry of ISS, e.g. personal dosimetry, phantom measurements, mapping, monitoring and neutron dosimetry. The main characteristics of the on-board and ground evaluation are compared. The main advantages and disadvantages of the on-board evaluation are summarised. Finally the planned future improvements of the Pille system are discussed like development of an RS485 interface for alternative data transfer, introduction of smaller dosimeters (capsules), use of a more use-friendly display (80 characters), application of internal memory instead of memory card and improvement of the dosimeter evaluation (glow curve fit, background subtraction). (author)

  15. Board leadership and strategy involvement in small firms : a team production approach

    OpenAIRE

    Machold, Silke; Huse, Morten; Minichilli, Alessandro; Nordqvist, Mattias

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Manuscript Type: Empirical Research Question/Issue: Boards? involvement in strategy is generally seen to be an indicator of board effectiveness but less is known about the relationship between board leadership and strategy involvement, especially in small firms. This study analyses board leadership from a team production perspective as an antecedent to board strategy involvement in small firms. Research Findings/Insights: Using survey data from 140 small firms in No...

  16. Women on the board and executive duration - evidence for European listed firms

    OpenAIRE

    Buchwald, Achim; Hottenrott, Hanna

    2015-01-01

    The participation of women in top-level corporate boards (or rather the lack of it) is subject to intense public debate. Several countries are considering legally binding quotas to increase the share of women on boards. Indeed, research on board diversity suggests positive effects of gender diverse boards on corporate governance and even firm performance. The mechanism through which these benefits materialize remain however mostly speculative. We study boards of directors in a large sample of...

  17. On-board system for physical and microphysical measurements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report presents the system of physical and microphysical measurement instrumentation on board the HUREL-DUBOIS HD 34 aircraft, built in cooperation with the Institut National d'Astronomie et de Geophysique (I.N.A.G.) and the Institut Geographique National (I.G.N.). The feasibility study of the system was carried out in the first half of 1978 and took shape in an on-site proving campaign in November 1979. As a result, the on-board system was able to participate in the BUGEY experimental campaign of March 1980, a glimpse of which is given in this report

  18. Development and verification of printed circuit board toroidal transformer model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pejtersen, Jens; Mønster, Jakob Døllner; Knott, Arnold

    2013-01-01

    comparing calculated parameters with 3D finite element simulations and experimental measurement results. The developed transformer model shows good agreement with the simulated and measured results. The model can be used to predict the parameters of printed circuit board toroidal transformer configurations......An analytical model of an air core printed circuit board embedded toroidal transformer configuration is presented. The transformer has been developed for galvanic isolation of very high frequency switch-mode dc-dc power converter applications. The theoretical model is developed and verified by...

  19. Development and verification of printed circuit board toroidal transformer model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pejtersen, Jens; Mønster, Jakob Døllner; Knott, Arnold

    comparing calculated parameters with 3D finite element simulations and experimental measurement results. The developed transformer model shows good agreement with the simulated and measured results. The model can be used to predict the parameters of printed circuit board toroidal transformer configurations......An analytical model of an air core printed circuit board embedded toroidal transformer configuration is presented. The transformer has been developed for galvanic isolation of very high frequency switch-mode dc-dc power converter applications. The theoretical model is developed and verified by...

  20. Employee Representation and Board Size in the Nordic Countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Steen; Rose, Caspar; Kronborg, Dorte

    2015-01-01

    number of employee representatives. However, many companies have more employee representatives than is mandatory. In Sweden, where the law mandates a fixed number of employee representatives (two or three depending on firm size), shareholders choose to have larger boards. In Finland, where employee...... representation is not mandatory, <1 % of companies choose to have it. Whatever, the merits of employee representation, shareholders appear to be mildly averse to it.......Several European countries have mandatory employee representation on company boards, but the consequences for corporate governance are debated. We use employee representation rules in the otherwise quite similar Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden) to elicit information on...

  1. The Southern Regional Education Board and Member States, December 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This report provides an overview of Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) programs and services and how each member state participated in them from December 2013 through November 2014. SREB serves a wide range of education policy leaders, including governors, state legislators, executive and legislative staff, and K-12 and postsecondary agency…

  2. The role of the postgraduate medical education and training board

    OpenAIRE

    Griffiths, S.

    2006-01-01

    The Postgraduate Medical Education and Training Board (PMETB) is a new organisation set up to develop, establish, and maintain standards and requirements for postgraduate medical education (PGME) and training. First trailed in the NHS Plan,1 its remit covers the UK. As such it aims to be a single, unifying framework for doctors in training.

  3. Teaching Electronics and Laboratory Automation Using Microcontroller Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mabbott, Gary A.

    2014-01-01

    Modern microcontroller boards offer the analytical chemist a powerful and inexpensive means of interfacing computers and laboratory equipment. The availability of a host of educational materials, compatible sensors, and electromechanical devices make learning to implement microcontrollers fun and empowering. This article describes the advantages…

  4. Governance and Intercollegiate Athletics: Boards Must Know the Score

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casteen, John T.; Legon, Richard D.

    2012-01-01

    While boards have to delegate the daily administration of athletics programs to their presidents, they must be aware of the issues and involve themselves in policy considerations that properly belong to them and can ultimately have a major impact on the institution's financial welfare and reputation. The Knight Commission on Intercollegiate…

  5. Handbook on CEO-Board: Relations and Responsibilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boggs, George R.

    2006-01-01

    Irrespective of the nature, mission, location, or configuration of the community college, some overarching principles and considerations are common to an effective CEO-board relationship. This book clarifies the dynamics and challenges of this leadership partnership. Above all, it is an insightful and practical guide to the best practices that…

  6. Virginia and the Southern Regional Education Board, December 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This document details Virginia's participation in Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) programs and services from December 2013 through November 2014. Each member state receives a number of general services, plus access to targeted programs funded by grants, contracts and fees. Appropriations support SREB's core operations and general…

  7. Texas and the Southern Regional Education Board, December 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This document details Texas' participation in Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) programs and services from December 2013 through November 2014. Each member state receives a number of general services, plus access to targeted programs funded by grants, contracts and fees. Appropriations from member states support core operations and general…

  8. School Board Leadership and Policymaking in Changing Political Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frankenberg, Erica; Diem, Sarah

    2013-01-01

    As the demographic make-up of public schools (and neighborhoods) shift and schools become increasingly segregated, the role of school boards becomes critically important in maintaining policies designed to remedy segregation and promote equal opportunity, policies which may challenge the status quo. Specifically, in school districts and…

  9. Boards of Education and System-wide Strategic Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lilly, Edward R.

    To ensure that school systems are prepared for the future, their boards must provide for both internal and external conditions through careful assessment and planning processes. Strategic planning consists of setting long-term goals, determining the best means of attaining them, and relating the chosen course to operating plans. This type of…

  10. Using Voice Boards: pedagogical design, technological implementation, evaluation and reflections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabeth Yaneske

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available We present a case study to evaluate the use of a Wimba Voice Board to support asynchronous audio discussion. We discuss the learning strategy and pedagogic rationale when a Voice Board was implemented within an MA module for language learners, enabling students to create learning objects and facilitating peer-to-peer learning. Previously students studying the module had communicated using text-based synchronous and asynchronous discussion only. A common criticism of text-based media is the lack of non-verbal communication. Audio communication is a richer medium where use of pitch, tone, emphasis and inflection can increase personalisation and prevent misinterpretation. Feedback from staff and students on the affordances and constraints of voice communication are presented. Evaluations show that while there were several issues with the usability of the Wimba Voice Board, both staff and students felt the use of voice communication in an online environment had many advantages, including increased personalisation, motivation, and the opportunity to practice speaking and listening skills. However, some students were inhibited by feelings of embarrassment. The case study provides an in-depth study of Voice Boards, which makes an important contribution to the learning technology literature.

  11. 26 CFR 1.501(c)(6)-1 - Business leagues, chambers of commerce, real estate boards, and boards of trade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Organizations § 1.501(c)(6)-1 Business leagues, chambers of commerce, real estate boards, and boards of trade. A... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Business leagues, chambers of commerce, real estate boards, and boards of trade. 1.501(c)(6)-1 Section 1.501(c)(6)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL...

  12. Board Composition, Board Roles and Behavioral Integration in High-tech Start-ups: A Case Study of the Norwegian Renewable Energy Sector

    OpenAIRE

    Ellingsen, Andreas

    2014-01-01

    This study has examined how the board operates in order to facilitate for the development and success of the clean-tech start-up. Specifically the study has examined several aspects and characteristics of boards to determine which factors contribute towards creating an efficient board that best facilitates for the growth of its company.Through an in-depth analysis of five case firms, several key insights regarding boards in clean-tech ventures have been uncovered. The main constructs examined...

  13. Operating a Computer Bulletin Board System for Psychiatrists and Psychologists

    OpenAIRE

    Miller, Marvin J.

    1988-01-01

    A computer Bulletin Board System (BBS) provides messaging and file transfer functions for a professional organization. It allows ready access to clinical computer programs at minimal cost. Ways to encourage development of public domain clinical software and its distribution through BBSs are discussed.

  14. An Orientation and Training Program for Citizen Boards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartlett, Donald P.; Grantham, Robert J.

    1980-01-01

    The concept of citizen governance has been implemented with marginal success. This paper presents an orientation and training program for citizen boards aimed at raising their competence in certain key areas including policy planning, program evaluation, public relations, organizational management and fund-raising. (Author)

  15. The Southern Regional Education Board and Member States, January 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This report provides an overview of Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) programs and services and how each member state participated in them from July 2012 through December 2013. The nation's first regional interstate compact for education, SREB is today the most comprehensive, bringing together states to enable them to achieve…

  16. Florida and the Southern Regional Education Board, December 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This report details Florida's participation in Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) programs and services from December 2013 through November 2014. Appropriations from member states support SREB's core operations and general services. SREB leverages the long-standing commitment of member states to attract external funding for an array of…

  17. Alabama and the Southern Regional Education Board, December 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This report details Alabama's participation in Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) programs and services from December 2013 through November 2014. Appropriations from member states support SREB's core operations and general services. SREB leverages the long-standing commitment of member states to attract external funding for an array of…

  18. Louisiana and the Southern Regional Education Board, December 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This report details Louisiana's participation in Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) programs and services from December 2013 through November 2014. Appropriations from member states support SREB's core operations and general services. SREB leverages the long-standing commitment of member states to attract external funding for an array of…

  19. Public School Administration and "Brown v. Board of Education"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunter, Richard C.

    2009-01-01

    This article reviews educational initiatives of state and federal government that were designed to remedy the effects of racial segregation on Black public school students in the United States after the famous "Brown v. Board of Education" decisions. Several policy and legal initiatives are reviewed, including school desegregation, compensatory…

  20. Delaware and the Southern Regional Education Board, December 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This report details Delaware's participation in Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) programs and services from December 2013 through November 2014. Appropriations from member states support SREB's core operations and general services. SREB leverages the long-standing commitment of member states to attract external funding for an array of…

  1. North Carolina and the Southern Regional Education Board, December 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This document details North Carolina's participation in Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) programs and services from December 2013 through November 2014. Appropriations from member states support SREB's core operations and general services. SREB leverages the long-standing commitment of member states to attract external funding for an array…

  2. Tennessee and the Southern Regional Education Board, December 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This document details Tennessee's participation in Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) programs and services from December 2013 through November 2014. Each member state receives a number of general services, plus access to targeted programs funded by grants, contracts and fees. Appropriations from member states support SREB's core operations…

  3. Kentucky and the Southern Regional Education Board, December 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This report details Kentucky's participation in Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) programs and services from December 2013 through November 2014. Appropriations from member states support SREB's core operations and general services. SREB leverages the long-standing commitment of member states to attract external funding for an array of…

  4. Oklahoma and the Southern Regional Education Board, December 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This document details Oklahoma's participation in Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) programs and services from December 2013 through November 2014. Appropriations from member states support SREB's core operations and general services. SREB leverages the long-standing commitment of member states to attract external funding for an array of…

  5. South Carolina and the Southern Regional Education Board, December 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This document details South Carolina's participation in Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) programs and services from December 2013 through November 2014. Each member state receives a number of general services, plus access to targeted programs funded by grants, contracts and fees. Appropriations from member states support SREB's core…

  6. Maryland and the Southern Regional Education Board, December 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014

    2014-01-01

    This report details Maryland's participation in Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) programs and services from December 2013 through November 2014. Appropriations from member states support SREB's core operations and general services. SREB leverages the long-standing commitment of member states to attract external funding for an array of…

  7. Report of board IV: Radiation damages and radiation induced diseases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Board IV (radiation damage and radiation-induced diseases) worked on the effects of ionizing radiation on living organisms and studies the radiation damage it entailed. Investigations with cells or model systems serve to recognize certain causal relationships in an organism out of the diversity of reactions encountered. (orig./AK)

  8. A Corporate Governance Model : Building Responsible Boards and Sustainable Businesses

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2010-01-01

    The foundation of good corporate governance is the intellectual honesty of directors and senior management. This intellectual honesty is expressed by acting in the best interests of the incapacitated company. The company, on formation, is a person, but it is absolutely incapacitated until its directors are appointed and the board in turn delegates to management the implementation of its co...

  9. The ATLAS tile calorimeter ROD injector and multiplexer board

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ATLAS Tile Calorimeter is a sampling detector composed by cells made of iron-scintillator tiles. The calorimeter cell signals are digitized in the front-end electronics and transmitted to the Read-Out Drivers (RODs) at the first level trigger rate. The ROD receives triggered data from up to 9856 channels and provides the energy, phase and quality factor of the signals to the second level trigger. The back-end electronics is divided into four partitions containing eight RODs each. Therefore, a total of 32 RODs are used to process and transmit the data of the TileCal detector. In order to emulate the detector signals in the production and commissioning of ROD modules a board called ROD Injector and Multiplexer Board (RIMBO) was designed. In this paper, the RIMBO main functional blocks, PCB design and the different operation modes are described. It is described the crucial role of the board within the TileCal ROD test-bench in order to emulate the front-end electronics during the validation of ROD boards as well as during the evaluation of the ROD signal reconstruction algorithms. Finally, qualification and performance results for the injection operation mode obtained during the Tile Calorimeter ROD production tests are presented.

  10. Boarding Schools and Capital Benefits: Implications for Urban School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bass, Lisa R.

    2014-01-01

    The author discusses the boarding school model as a schooling alternative to improve life chances for disadvantaged youth, particularly African American youth, by positively meeting their social and educational needs. Bourdieu, Coleman, and other social scientists purported that these needs can be better met by exposing students to social and…

  11. Toward a Behavioral Theory of Boards and Corporate Governance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Ees, Hans; Gabrielsson, Jonas; Huse, Morten; Gabrielson, J.

    2009-01-01

    Review A coherent alternative to an economic approach of corporate governance is missing. In this paper we take steps towards developing a behavioral theory of boards and corporate governance. Building upon concepts such as political bargaining, routinization of decision making, satisficing, and pro

  12. State School Board Members and the State Education Policy System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sroufe, Gerald R.

    1971-01-01

    Discusses the contrast between the clear legal mandate for State boards of education to determine education for the State on the one hand, and their peculiarly ill-defined and tenuous role in the State policy system on the other. (JF)

  13. The Relationship Between Board Interlocking and Income Smoothing Practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Ribeiro

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to investigate the influence of board interlocking in income smoothing practices in public companies with shares traded on the BM&FBOVESPA. To achieve this objective we adopted a sample comprised of 58 Brazilian companies included in the Bovespa index. The study is classified as empirical and analytical and uses as a proxy for income smoothing a metric called the "smoothing factor" (SF, obtained through the factor analysis technique using the metrics EM1 and EM3 from Leuz, Nanda and Wysocki (2003. As independent variables we employed indicators of social network analysis. From a theoretical point of view, the study is relevant and innovates in making the connection between the resource dependence theory, the agency theory and board interlocking. In practical terms, the study shows the effects of the constitutive elements of corporate social networks, arising from the board interlocking structure, on income smoothing accounting practices. Regression with panel data using fixed effects showed that the constituent elements of corporate social networks tend to influence the practice of smoothing in the sample used. The results of the study show that companies that share board members with other organizations which smooth their results tend to adopt this organizational practice more easily, which can be explained by: (i companies causing variations in performance due to operational decisions or financial reporting choices; and (ii managers making use of discretionary practices in the reporting of profits.

  14. Suicide Bulletin Board Systems Comparison between Japan and Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sueki, Hajime; Eichenberg, Christiane

    2012-01-01

    An online questionnaire (n = 301) was conducted to analyze the cross-cultural influence of the use of suicide bulletin board systems. Factor analysis demonstrated that participants had two types of motives: the constructive motive of mutual help and the destructive motive of suicide preparation. The results showed that suicidal thoughts did not…

  15. Board and Senior Management Alignment on School Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarros, James C.; Sarros, Anne M.; Cooper, Brian K.; Santora, Joseph C.; Baker, Robin

    2016-01-01

    This study examines the degree to which senior executive members of a school's decision-making team (senior management team and board of directors) are aligned on fundamental principles of school strategy. Our study is based on a conceptual framework of strategic leadership as it applies in an Australian independent school context. We also examine…

  16. Ocean Studies Board annual report 1989 and future plans

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The major activities of the Ocean Studies Board of the National Research Council for 1989 are reviewed. The following are discussed: the Navy Panel, the CO2 Panel, the Committee on the Ocean's Role in Global Change, the Committee on the Coastal Ocean, the Workshop on Issues of U.S. Marine Fisheries, and the Continental Margins Workshop Committee. Future plans are covered

  17. Student Research Projects and the Institutional Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shore, Nancy

    2009-01-01

    Graduate social work students often are required to complete an evaluation or research project. Research instructors work with their students to assure that these projects are rigorous as well as ethical. This study focuses upon the relationship of student projects and the Institutional Review Board (IRB). The IRB aims to strengthen research…

  18. Using Smart Boards and Manipulatives in the Elementary Science Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Susan F.; Shaw, Edward L., Jr.; Daughenbaugh, Lynda

    2014-01-01

    This study summarizes the results of a survey administered to 48 elementary schools in the largest school district in a southeastern U.S. state, conducted by university faculty to evaluate the use of SMART Boards and hands-on experiences, the objectives of which were to identify preparedness of elementary classroom teachers in teaching elementary…

  19. The American School Board Member and His -- and Her -- Era of Fierce New Independence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyer, Louise

    1973-01-01

    School board members will no longer silently accept responsibility for the mistakes of professional educators. Boards, and the public they speak for, are demanding an educational product that can be evaluated and audited for its financial as well as its educational worth. Strong board leadership, a new image of governance, and a relationship of…

  20. Design and Implementation of a Collectable Trading Card Board Game and Game AI

    OpenAIRE

    Kristján Tryggvason 1986

    2015-01-01

    Both board games and collectible trading card games offer people an entertaining experience that requires formulating a strategy to win against an opponent. Trading card games, unlike board games, are traditionally played without using any kind of a board. However, by combining the two type of games we end up with a collectible card game with added strategic depth because of the complexities a two dimensional board adds. This allows the placement of cards and the card game gains new elements ...

  1. 76 FR 62755 - National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board Meeting Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-11

    ... Office of the Secretary National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board Meeting Notice AGENCY: Research, Education, and Economics, United States Department of Agriculture..., and Economics Advisory Board. DATES: The National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education,...

  2. 77 FR 58978 - Notice of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-25

    ... Office of the Secretary Notice of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board Meeting AGENCY: Research, Education, and Economics, USDA. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY..., and Economics Advisory Board. DATES: The National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education,...

  3. 77 FR 11064 - National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-24

    ... Office of the Secretary National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board Notice of Meeting AGENCY: Research, Education, and Economics, USDA. ACTION: Notice of meeting..., Education, and Economics Advisory Board. DATES: The National Agricultural Research, Extension,...

  4. 76 FR 55880 - National Institute of Standards and Technology; Performance Review Board Membership

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-09

    ...), Deputy Under Secretary for Economic Affairs, Economics and Statistics Administration, Department of... Review Board Membership The National Institute of Standards and Technology Performance Review Board (NIST PRB) reviews performance appraisals, agreements, and recommended actions pertaining to employees...

  5. National and gender diversity in the board of directors - the case of Outokumpu

    OpenAIRE

    Inkeroinen, Elina

    2008-01-01

    Objectives of the Thesis The main theme of this thesis is board diversity with a focus on gender and national diversity. In addition, the main reasons why companies diversify their boards are looked at as well as the recruiting process and roles and contributions of female and foreign board members. Methodology and Data Collection Case study was chosen as a research method for this thesis because of its unique capabilities in explaining and describing complex phenomenon, which board...

  6. Institutional and strategic choice perspectives on board involvement in the strategic decision process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Judge, W Q; Zeithaml, C P

    1992-10-01

    The level of a board of directors' involvement in strategic decisions can be viewed as an institutional response or as a strategic adaptation to external pressures for greater board involvement. We examined the antecedents and effects of board involvement from both the institutional and strategic choice perspectives. Data obtained from personal interviews with 114 board members and archival records indicated that board size and levels of diversification and insider representation were negatively related to board involvement, and organizational age was positively related to it. Furthermore, we found board involvement to be positively related to financial performance after controlling for industry and size effects. Overall, the results suggest that both theoretical perspectives are necessary for a comprehensive description of the strategic role of boards. PMID:10122320

  7. Design, production, and reliability of the new ATLAS pixel opto-boards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    New fiber optical transceivers, opto-boards, were designed and produced to replace the first generation opto-boards installed in the ATLAS pixel detector and for the new pixel layer, the insertable barrel layer (IBL). Each opto-board contains one 12-channel PIN array and two 12-channel VCSEL arrays along with associated receiver and driver ASICs. The new opto-board design benefits from the production and operational experience of the first generation opto-boards and contains several improvements. The new opto-boards have been successfully installed. Additionally, a set of the new opto-boards have been subjected to an accelerated lifetime experiment at 85 C and 85% relative humidity for over 1,000 hours. No failures were observed. We are cautiously optimistic that the new opto-boards will survive until the shutdown for the detector upgrade for the high-luminosity Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC)

  8. EMI Standards for Wireless Voice and Data on Board Aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ely, Jay J.; Nguyen, Truong X.

    2002-01-01

    The use of portable electronic devices (PEDs) on board aircraft continues to be an increasing source of misunderstanding between passengers and flight-crews, and consequently, an issue of controversy between wireless product manufacturers and air transport regulatory authorities. This conflict arises primarily because of the vastly different regulatory objectives between commercial product and airborne equipment standards for avoiding electromagnetic interference (EMI). This paper summarizes international regulatory limits and test processes for measuring spurious radiated emissions from commercially available PEDs, and compares them to international standards for airborne equipment. The goal is to provide insight for wireless product developers desiring to extend the freedom of their customers to use wireless products on-board aircraft, and to identify future product characteristics, test methods and technologies that may facilitate improved wireless freedom for airline passengers.

  9. Legionella on board trains: effectiveness of environmental surveillance and decontamination

    OpenAIRE

    Quaranta Gianluigi; Vincenti Sara; Ferriero Anna; Boninti Federica; Sezzatini Romina; Turnaturi Cinzia; Gliubizzi Maria; Munafò Elio; Ceccarelli Gianluca; Causarano Carmelo; Accorsi Massimo; Del Nord Pasquale; Ricciardi Walter; Laurenti Patrizia

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Legionella pneumophila is increasingly recognised as a significant cause of sporadic and epidemic community-acquired and nosocomial pneumonia. Many studies describe the frequency and severity of Legionella spp. contamination in spa pools, natural pools, hotels and ships, but there is no study analysing the environmental monitoring of Legionella on board trains. The aims of the present study were to conduct periodic and precise environmental surveillance of Legionella spp. ...

  10. Bankers on Boards: Monitoring, Conflicts of Interest, and Lender Liability

    OpenAIRE

    Randall S. Kroszner; Philip E. Strahan

    1999-01-01

    This paper investigates what factors determine whether a commercial banker is on the board of a non-financial firm. We consider the tradeoff between the benefits of direct bank monitoring to the firm and the costs of active bank involvement in firm management. Given the different payoff structures to debt and equity, lenders and shareholders may have conflicting interests in running the firm. In addition, the U.S. legal doctrines of 'equitable subordination' and 'lender liability' could gener...

  11. 7 CFR 1205.516 - Reports and remittance to the Cotton Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reports and remittance to the Cotton Board. 1205.516... COTTON RESEARCH AND PROMOTION Cotton Board Rules and Regulations Assessments § 1205.516 Reports and remittance to the Cotton Board. (a) Handler reports and remittances. Each collecting handler shall...

  12. 12 CFR 918.8 - Site of board of directors and committee meetings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Site of board of directors and committee meetings. 918.8 Section 918.8 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD GOVERNANCE AND MANAGEMENT OF THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANKS BANK DIRECTOR COMPENSATION AND EXPENSES § 918.8 Site of board of...

  13. 7 CFR 1219.62 - Books and records of the Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Books and records of the Board. 1219.62 Section 1219... AVOCADO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Hass Avocado Promotion, Research, and Information Order Books, Records, and Reports § 1219.62 Books and records of the Board. (a) The Board shall maintain such books...

  14. Board Structure and Capital Structure – Empirical Evidence of Romanian Listed Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Florinita DUCA

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates the relationship between board of directors and company’s capital structure in context of Romanian firms. Our research paper covers information about 50 companies for the fiscal year 2010. A regression analysis has been used to examine the linkage between the level of debt and board of directors. Measures of board’s characteristics employed are size of the board, its independence and duality of leadership. Results reveal that the size of the board affect positively and...

  15. Regulation and the Evolution of Corporate Boards: Monitoring, Advising or Window Dressing?

    OpenAIRE

    Helland, Eric; Sykuta, Michael

    2002-01-01

    It is generally agreed that boards are endogenously determined institutions that serve both oversight and advisory roles in a firm. While the oversight role of boards has been extensively studied, relatively few studies have examined the advisory role of corporate boards. We examine the participation of political directors on the boards of natural gas companies between 1930 and 1998. We focus on the expansion of federal regulation of the natural gas industry in 1938 and 1954 and subsequent pa...

  16. Regulation and the evolution of corporate boards: monitoring, advising or window dressing?

    OpenAIRE

    Helland, Eric; Sykuta, Michael; Claremont Institute for Economic Policy Studies

    2002-01-01

    It is generally agreed that boards are endogenously determined institutions that serve both an oversight and advisory role in a firm. While oversight role of boards has been extensively studied relatively few studies have examined the advisory role of corporate boards. In this study we examine the participation of political directors on the boards of natural gas companies between 1930 and 1998. We focus on the 1938, and 1954 regulation and 1986 partial deregulation of the natural gas industry...

  17. Monitoring board committee structure and market valuation in large publicly listed South African corporations

    OpenAIRE

    Ntim, Collins G

    2013-01-01

    We examine the association between the presence of monitoring board committees (i.e., audit, nomination, and remuneration) and market valuation in South Africa using a sample of listed corporations. We find a significant positive connection between the presence of monitoring board committees and market valuation, but only in corporations that have independent monitoring board committees and/or all three monitoring board committees that we have investigated simultaneously. This implies that th...

  18. Corporate performance, board structure, and their determinants in the banking industry

    OpenAIRE

    Renée B. Adams; Mehran, Hamid

    2008-01-01

    The subprime crisis highlights how little we know about the governance of banks. This paper addresses a long-standing gap in the literature by analyzing board governance using a sample of banking firm data that spans forty years. We examine the relationship between board structure (size and composition) and bank performance, as well as some determinants of board structure. We document that mergers and acquisitions activity influences bank board composition, and we provide new evidence that or...

  19. 77 FR 24741 - Sunshine Act Meeting; National Museum and Library Services Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-25

    ...This notice sets forth the agenda of the forthcoming meeting of the National Museum and Library Services Board. This notice also describes the function of the Board. Notice of the meeting is required under the Sunshine in Government...

  20. Installation and testing of the 112 boards for the front-end electronics.

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Installation and testing of the 112 boards for the front-end electronics. 28 boards are interconnected to a TPC type Readout Controller Unit trought the horizontal bus strips. The blue tubes are for the circulating cooling water.

  1. On-Board Processor and Network Maturation for Ariane 6

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clavier, Rémi; Sautereau, Pierre; Sangaré, Jérémie; Disson, Benjamin

    2015-09-01

    In the past three years, innovative avionic technologies for Ariane 6 were evaluated in the tail of three main programs involving various stakeholders: FLPP (Future Launcher Preparatory Program, from ESA), AXE (Avionic-X European, formerly Avionique-X, French public R&T program) and CNES R&T program relying on industrial partnerships. In each avionics’ domain, several technologies were compared, analyzed and tested regarding space launchers system expectations and constraints. Within the frame of on-board data handling, two technologies have been identified as promising: ARM based microprocessors for the computing units and TTEthernet for the on-board network. This paper presents the main outcomes of the data handling preparatory activities performed on the AXE platform in Airbus Defence and Space - Les Mureaux.

  2. Water Science and Technology Board annual report 1987

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1988-01-01

    In 1982, the National Research Council chose to recognize the importance of water resource issues by establishing the Water Science and Technology Board (WSTB). During the five years since its first meeting in November 1982, the WSTB has grown and matured. The WSTB has met 14 times to provide guidance and plan activities. Under the WSTB's direction, committees of experts have conducted approximately 30 studies on a broad array of topics, from dam safety to irrigation-induced water quality problems to ground water protection strategies. Studies have ranged in scope from the oversight of specific agency projects and programs to broader scientific reviews, such as a disciplinary assessment of the hydrologic sciences initiated in 1987. In all cases, studies have the general theme of ultimately improving the scientific and technological bases of programs of water management and environmental quality. This fifth annual report of the WSTB summarizes the Board's accomplishments during 1987, its current activities, and its plans for the future. The report also includes information on Board and committee memberships, program organizations, and the reports produced. The report should provide the reader with a basic understanding of the WSTB's interests, achievements, and capabilities. The WSTB welcomes inquiries and suggestions concerning its activities and will provide more detailed information on any aspects of its work to those interested.

  3. 76 FR 13124 - Notice of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-10

    ..., Education, and Economics Advisory Board Meeting AGENCY: Research, Education, and Economics, USDA. ACTION..., Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board. DATES: The National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board will meet March 30-31, 2011. The public may file written...

  4. 75 FR 12171 - Notice of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-15

    ..., Education, and Economics Advisory Board Meeting AGENCY: Research, Education, and Economics, USDA. ACTION..., Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board. DATES: The National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board will meet March 29-31, 2010. The public may file written...

  5. 75 FR 61692 - Notice of the National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-06

    ..., Education, and Economics Advisory Board Meeting AGENCY: Research, Education, and Economics, USDA. ACTION..., Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board. DATES: The National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and Economics Advisory Board will meet October 27-29, 2010. The public may file written...

  6. 12 CFR 906.13 - How does the Finance Board oversee and monitor the outreach program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false How does the Finance Board oversee and monitor the outreach program? 906.13 Section 906.13 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD ORGANIZATION AND OPERATIONS OPERATIONS Contractor Outreach Program for...

  7. 75 FR 31818 - National Science Board; Committee on Strategy and Budget; Sunshine Act Meetings; Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-04

    ... National Science Board; Committee on Strategy and Budget; Sunshine Act Meetings; Notice The National Science Board's Committee on Strategy and Budget, pursuant to NSF regulations (45 CFR part 614), the... National Science Board business and other matters specified, as follows: Date and Time: Tuesday, June...

  8. 47 CFR 15.32 - Test procedures for CPU boards and computer power supplies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Test procedures for CPU boards and computer... FREQUENCY DEVICES General § 15.32 Test procedures for CPU boards and computer power supplies. Power supplies and CPU boards used with personal computers and for which separate authorizations are required to...

  9. 77 FR 37705 - Notice of Call for Nominations for the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-22

    ...The purpose of this notice is to solicit public nominations for three positions on the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board (Board). The Board provides advice concerning the management, protection, and control of wild free-roaming horses and burros on the public lands administered by the Department of the Interior, through the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), and the Department of Agriculture,......

  10. 78 FR 39768 - Notice of Call for Nominations for the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-02

    ...The purpose of this notice is to solicit public nominations for three positions on the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board (Board). The Board provides advice concerning the management, protection, and control of wild free-roaming horses and burros on the public lands administered by the Department of the Interior, through the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), and the Department of Agriculture,......

  11. 76 FR 48174 - Notice of Call for Nominations for the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-08

    ...The purpose of this notice is to solicit public nominations for three members to the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board (Board). The Board provides advice concerning management, protection, and control of wild free-roaming horses and burros on the public lands administered by the Department of the Interior, through the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), and the Department of Agriculture,......

  12. 75 FR 35078 - Notice of Call for Nominations for the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-21

    ...The purpose of this notice is to solicit public nominations for three members to the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board (Board). The Board provides advice concerning the management, protection, and control of wild free-roaming horses and burros on the public lands administered by the Department of the Interior, through the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the Department of Agriculture,......

  13. 77 FR 8809 - United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board; Teleconference Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-15

    ... International Trade Administration United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board; Teleconference Meeting... teleconference meeting. SUMMARY: The United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board (Board) will hold a... and Competitiveness, as the Task Force works to develop a National Travel and Tourism...

  14. 77 FR 58863 - Notice of Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-24

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board Meeting AGENCY: Bureau of Land... Horse and Burro Advisory Board will conduct a meeting on matters pertaining to management and protection of wild, free-roaming horses and burros on the Nation's public lands. DATES: The Advisory Board...

  15. 77 FR 16063 - Notice of Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-19

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board Meeting AGENCY: Bureau of Land... Horse and Burro Advisory Board will conduct a meeting on matters pertaining to management and protection of wild, free-roaming horses and burros on the Nation's public lands. DATES: The Advisory Board...

  16. 78 FR 8187 - Notice of Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-05

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board Meeting AGENCY: Bureau of Land... Horse and Burro Advisory Board will conduct a meeting on matters pertaining to management and protection of wild, free-roaming horses and burros on the Nation's public lands. DATES: The Advisory Board...

  17. Autonomous On-Board Calibration of Attitude Sensors and Gyros

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pittelkau, Mark E.

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents the state of the art and future prospects for autonomous real-time on-orbit calibration of gyros and attitude sensors. The current practice in ground-based calibration is presented briefly to contrast it with on-orbit calibration. The technical and economic benefits of on-orbit calibration are discussed. Various algorithms for on-orbit calibration are evaluated, including some that are already operating on board spacecraft. Because Redundant Inertial Measurement Units (RIMUs, which are IMUs that have more than three sense axes) are almost ubiquitous on spacecraft, special attention will be given to calibration of RIMUs. In addition, we discuss autonomous on board calibration and how it may be implemented.

  18. 7 CFR 1160.105 - Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FLUID MILK PROMOTION PROGRAM Fluid Milk Promotion Order Definitions § 1160.105 Board. Board means the National Processor Advertising and Promotion Board established... Promotion Board or Board)....

  19. Determinants of the Size and Structure of Corporate Boards: 1935-2000

    OpenAIRE

    Lehn, Kenneth; Patro, Sukesh; Zhao, Mengxin

    2008-01-01

    We argue that the size and composition of corporate boards are determined by tradeoffs involving the information that directors bring to boards versus the coordination costs and free rider problems associated with their additions to boards. Our hypotheses lead to predictions that firm size and growth opportunities are important determinants of these board characteristics. Using a sample of 82 U.S. firms that survived over the period of 1935 through 2000, we find strong support for the hypothe...

  20. Evaluating the board of directors of financial intermediaries: competencies, effectiveness and performance

    OpenAIRE

    Carretta, Alessandro; Farina, Vincenzo; Schwizer, Paola

    2006-01-01

    This paper proposes a model for analysing the effectiveness of boards of directors of financial intermediaries. The European Union recommends that companies in the Member States annually evaluate the performance of their boards. The degree of effectiveness of a board should be appreciated taking into account the business structure, ownership and institutional model of the firm, on the one hand, and the characteristics of its board, in terms of its composition, structure and skills, on the oth...

  1. GOVERNMENT HEALTH PROGRAMME AWARENESS AND ATTITUDE OF CBSE BOARD STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravi Prakash Singh

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to make survey of awareness and attitude of CBSC Board School Children's toward the selected government health programme. The sample of the present study was drawn from CBSE Board school children's of Allahabad and Gurgaon district with the mean age of 17 (±2. Aquestionnair based study was conducted. The questionnaire comprised of 30 questions covering six government health programmes: (a National Anti Malaria Programme (b National Aids Control Programme (c National Programme for Control of Blindness (d Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD programme (e Universal Immunization programme, (f National Family Welfare Programme. The percentile method was used in the analysis of the results. The majority of the respondents were positive it was hypothesized the most of school children's were aware and had a positive attitude towards Government Health Programmes.

  2. Students As Stakeholders: Library Advisory Boards and Privileging Our Users

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erin Dorney

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available In Brief: This article investigates the idea of library student advisory boards as mechanisms for building more student-centered libraries at colleges and universities. Benefits of these types of organizations, measures of success, and the importance of acting on evidence-based user feedback are discussed. Introduction A Google search for “library student advisory board” returns hundreds of results [...

  3. CEO Monitoring and board effectiveness - Resolving CEO compensation issue

    OpenAIRE

    Chiraz Ben Ali; Frederic Teulon

    2014-01-01

    Similar to the Security Exchange Commission (SEC), the French Stock Exchange Authority (AMF) issued new board requirements to enhance manager control after financial scandals (2008-2009). This study investigates the relation between corporate governance and CEO pay levels after taking into acc²ount unobservable firm effects, time-varying industry effects, size, and performance. Using a sample of 290 firm-years observations from SBF 120 Index companies (2009-2011), we find that CEO pay is pos...

  4. Board diversity and earnings management during the financial crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Pixner, Carina

    2013-01-01

    This thesis analyzes whether a diversified board of directors is negatively related to the level of earnings management during the financial crisis in the year 2008. The factors of diversity concerned in this context are the portion of female and foreign directors, directors aged less than 65 years and the presence of independent directors. The study includes data from 100 Eurozone companies from eight different countries for the time period 2007-2010 which results in 400 firm-year observ...

  5. Board on chemical sciences and technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Current and Ongoing Projects include: Committee on Nuclear and Radiochemistry; Committee on Nuclear and Radiochemistry Workshop on Training Requirements for Chemists in Nuclear Medicine, Nuclear Industry, and Related Areas; Committee on Nuclear and Radiochemistry Workshop on High-Temperature and Nuclear Chemical Processes in Severe Reactor Accidents; Committee on Chemical Engineering Frontiers Research Needs and Opportunities; Committee on Separation Science on Technology; Panel on Future Directions for Fundamental Science in Fossil Energy Research; Committee for Handling and Disposal of Biohazards in the Laboratory (BIL); Advisory Panels to the AFSOR Chemical and Atmospheric Sciences Directorate; US National Committee for Pure and Applied Chemistry; US National Committee for Biochemistry; US National Committee for Crystallography

  6. 48 CFR 1903.670 - Contracts between the Broadcasting Board of Governors and former employees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Broadcasting Board of Governors and former employees. 1903.670 Section 1903.670 Federal Acquisition Regulations System BROADCASTING BOARD OF GOVERNORS GENERAL IMPROPER BUSINESS PRACTICES AND PERSONAL CONFLICTS OF... Contracts between the Broadcasting Board of Governors and former employees. To avoid conflicts of...

  7. 75 FR 40838 - Establishment of the Advisory Board on Elder Abuse, Neglect, and Exploitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-14

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Establishment of the Advisory Board on Elder Abuse, Neglect, and Exploitation AGENCY... Board on Elder Abuse, Neglect, and Exploitation is authorized under section 2021, Subtitle H--Elder... establishment of the Advisory Board on Elder Abuse, Neglect, and Exploitation, as directed by section...

  8. 12 CFR 708a.3 - Board of directors' approval and members' opportunity to comment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Board of directors' approval and members... REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS CONVERSION OF INSURED CREDIT UNIONS TO MUTUAL SAVINGS BANKS § 708a.3 Board of directors' approval and members' opportunity to comment. (a) A credit union's board of...

  9. 12 CFR 612.2302 - Notification of board of directors and bonding company.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Notification of board of directors and bonding... Criminal Violations § 612.2302 Notification of board of directors and bonding company. (a) The institution's board of directors shall be promptly notified of any criminal referral by the institution,...

  10. Bridging the gap between for-profit and not-for-profit boards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whisler, T L; Kaugman, K

    1986-01-01

    Although boards of directors of for-profit organizations and boards of trustees of not-for-profit organizations have some universally shared functions and responsibilities, they also have some unavoidable differences. The authors discuss those differences and suggest some ways in which not-for-profit boards can become more businesslike, despite their inherent limitations. PMID:10274902

  11. 78 FR 53426 - United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-29

    ... International Trade Administration United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board Charter Renewal AGENCY... Services Administration, renewed the Charter for the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board on August 19, 2013. DATES: The Charter for the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board was...

  12. An Analysis of the Association between Firms’ Investment Opportunities, Board Composition, and Firm Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Hutchinson, Marion

    2001-01-01

    According to agency theory the corporate board is an important internal governance mechanism. However, the board’s capacity to monitor is jeopardized if internal members (executives of the corporation or others affiliated with management) dominate the board. Critics of corporate governance suggest that board monitoring will be more effective if boards consist primarily of independent outside directors and from increased shareholdings of directors (Kren and Kerr, 1997). However, the results of...

  13. Feasibility of producing insulation boards from oil palm fronds and empty Fruit bunches

    OpenAIRE

    Tanasri Sihabut; Nikhom Laemsak

    2010-01-01

    This research focused on the feasibility of producing insulation boards made from oil palm fronds and empty fruit bunches via the wet forming process. Results confirmed no difference in the visual appearance between both board types. Both displayed low thermal conductivity, offering evidence of being good insulators. Boards made from empty fruit bunch weighed less than boards made from oil palm fronds. Other properties such as fire retardant, water absorption and strength still need to be inv...

  14. Feasibility of producing insulation boards from oil palm fronds and empty Fruit bunches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanasri Sihabut

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available This research focused on the feasibility of producing insulation boards made from oil palm fronds and empty fruit bunches via the wet forming process. Results confirmed no difference in the visual appearance between both board types. Both displayed low thermal conductivity, offering evidence of being good insulators. Boards made from empty fruit bunch weighed less than boards made from oil palm fronds. Other properties such as fire retardant, water absorption and strength still need to be investigated.

  15. Board on chemical sciences and technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Current and ongoing projects include: Committee on Nuclear and Radiochemistry; Committee on Nuclear Radiochemistry Workshop on Training Requirements for Chemists in Nuclear Medicine, Nuclear Industry, and Related Areas; Committee on Nuclear and Radiochemistry Workshop on High-Temperature and Nuclear Chemical Processes in Severe Reactor Accidents; Committee on Chemical Engineering Frontiers Research Needs and Opportunities; Committee on Separation Science and Technology; Panel on Future Directions for Fundamental Science in Fossil Energy Research; Committee on Office of Naval Research Chemical Sciences Research Planning; Advisory Panels to the Air Force Office of Scientific Research Chemical and Atmospheric Sciences Directorate; US National Committee for Pure and Applied Chemistry; US National Committee for Biochemistry; US National Committee for Crystallography; and NAS Seminar on Interfaces and Thinfilms

  16. School Social Workers Sanctioned by State Departments of Education and State Licensing Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boland-Prom, Kim; Alvarez, Michelle E.

    2014-01-01

    This article presents the results of a study on the unprofessional conduct of school social workers who have been sanctioned by state regulatory boards (boards of education and licensing boards). The data represent information from 14 states and the District of Columbia. Results indicate that school social workers are rarely sanctioned at the…

  17. Quality control and quality assurance of micromegas readout boards for the ATLAS New Small Wheel

    CERN Document Server

    Nanda, Amit

    2016-01-01

    The resistive anode boards of the Micromegas detectors for ATLAS NSW upgrade, will be produced in industries. The anode boards will be thoroughly evaluated at CERN following a detailed quality control and quality assurance (QA/QC) procedure. The report describes thoroughly the procedures and the design of a small QC tool for easier measurements of electrical properties of the readout boards.

  18. 49 CFR 835.11 - Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident... Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information. It is the responsibility... obtain Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and accompanying accident docket files....

  19. 78 FR 59058 - Second Call for Nominations for the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-25

    ... in the Federal Register on July 2, 2013 (78 FR 39768), it is not necessary to respond to this Notice... Bureau of Land Management Second Call for Nominations for the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board AGENCY... public nominations for three positions on the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board (Board). The...

  20. Board Composition and Firm Performance: Evidence from Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afzalur Rashid

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the influence of corporate board composition in the form of representation of outsideindependent directors on firm economic performance in Bangladesh. Two hypotheses are developed toexamine the relationship among composition of board memberships including independent directors andfirm performance. An observation of 274 Bangladeshi firm-years is used in the study. A linear regressionanalysis is used to test the hypotheses. Results reveal that the outside (independent directors cannot addpotential value to the firm’s economic performance in Bangladesh. The idea of the introduction ofindependent directors may have benefits for greater transparency, but the non-consideration of theunderlying institutional and cultural differences in an emerging economy such as Bangladesh may not resultin economic value addition to the firm. The findings provide an insight to the regulators in their quest forharmonization of international corporate governance practices.

  1. Interactive Boards and their Function in Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Istvan Fuvesi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In our accelerating world even education has become market-oriented. Learners have to acquire greater and greater amount of knowledge while the number of contact lessons, especially in higher education, become less and less. That is why giving particular information belonging to a certain topic should be raised – one method for this would be visualisation. This means that lectures would be structured in a way that the usual verbal lessons are supplemented by diversed and spectacular visual information. If the informations were followed by pictures, such as diversed diagrams and shown in an interactive way, accompanied by sound effects, the efficacy of teaching would get intensified. The fact that education-supporting new means and circumstances of learning, calls for changes in the methodology of teaching and learning; the educators are required to apply new teaching strategies. Here we would like to present the means and use of Informational and Communicational Technology (in the following: ICT, applied in informatics major. Besides, we also intend to introduce a new framework which plays an important role in forwarding learning material to students. An international lecture course serves as basis for the complex introduction of this framework.

  2. The Effect of Board Size and Board Composition on Firms Corporate Environmental Disclosure: A Study of Selected Firms in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uwalomwa Nil Uwuigbe

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Environmental problems have become major headlines due to the negative effects they bring to the stability of the ecosystem. Thus, the increased awareness of social responsibility or, specifically, environmental concern is now a challenge facing the corporate world. Hence this study tests whether board size and board composition have any association with the level of firms’ corporate environmental disclosure in annual reports. To achieve the objective of this study, a total of 40 listed firms on the floor of the Nigerian stock exchange market were used. Also, the study critically developed and utilized the Kinder Lydenberg Domini (KLD rating scheme to analyze the level of corporate environmental disclosure made by firms in their annual reports for the period 2006-2010. In addition, the simple regression analysis was used to test the research propositions as stated in the study. However, empirical findings from the study reveal that while board size has a significant negative relationship with the level of corporate environmental disclosure; board composition on the other hand has a significant positive relationship with the level of firms’ corporate environmental disclosure in the annual report.

  3. Executive board composition and risk taking

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berger, A.N.; Kick, T.; Schaeck, K.

    2014-01-01

    Little is known about how the demographic characteristics of executive teams affect corporate governance in banking. Exploiting a unique dataset, we investigate how age, gender, and educational composition of executive teams affect the portfolio risk of financial institutions. Using difference-in-di

  4. Vibrations on board and health effects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Anker; Jepsen, Jørgen Riis

    2014-01-01

    of the health consequences of whole body vibrations in land-transportation, such exposure at sea may affect ships’ passengers and crews. While the relation of back disorders to high levels of whole body vibration has been demonstrated among e.g. tractor drivers, there are no reported epidemiological evidence...

  5. Governance and School Boards in Non-State Schools in Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Austen, Steven; Swepson, Pam; Marchant, Teresa

    2012-01-01

    The paper explores governance arrangements in non-state school in Australia, using 17 interviews in six schools. The focus is on board composition, structure and reporting. Useful contributions about innovative practice are identified. School boards may benefit from implementing more stakeholder engagement. Existing models of school boards from…

  6. 39 CFR 3.6 - Information furnished to Board-financial and operating reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Information furnished to Board-financial and operating reports. 3.6 Section 3.6 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE THE BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE U.S. POSTAL SERVICE BOARD OF GOVERNORS (ARTICLE III) § 3.6 Information furnished to...

  7. Women on Boards and Corporate Social Responsibility

    OpenAIRE

    Eunjung Hyun; Daegyu Yang; Hojin Jung; Kihoon Hong

    2016-01-01

    A growing body of research suggests that having more women in the boardroom leads to better corporate social responsibility (CSR) performance. However, much of this work views the CSR-enhancing effect of women directors as largely driven by their moral orientations and rarely considers other underlying mechanisms. Moreover, less explored are the firm-specific conditions under which such CSR-promoting roles of female directors might be performed more (or less) effectively. In this paper, we se...

  8. Recruitment Processes and the Composition of State Boards of Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sroufe, Gerald E.

    The process of selecting State school board members has been of continuing concern for scholars of State educational administration. A widely accepted hypothesis asserts that the composition of State boards of education is a function of the selection process. Evidence collected in a national survey of State board members challenges this…

  9. Mr. Mwangi versus the board: conflict in Kanapi. Case scenarios for training and group discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    This supplement to "The Family Planning Manager" introduces a case study and case discussion questions to illustrate the potential for conflict between a family planning organization's executive director and its board of directors. In this hypothetical scenario, the areas of conflict included the board's refusal to change the noncompetitive staff salary structure, private discussions between a board member and Ministry of Health officials in which the organization's capabilities were misrepresented, and board interference with the supervisory process. In some cases, this conflict reflected a lack of clarity regarding the appropriate responsibilities of the Board, the executive director, and senior staff. PMID:12291666

  10. Board composition and the use of accounting measures :the effect on the relation between CEO compensation and firm performance

    OpenAIRE

    Ellingson, Dee Ann Hetland

    1996-01-01

    Boards of directors of corporations have been criticized for failing to effectively perform their roles of ratifying and monitoring managerial decisions, retaining and terminating top management, and evaluating and rewarding executive performance. critics have suggested that increasing the proportion of outside directors on the board increases independence and improves board effectiveness. Research has provided evidence that the composition of the board affects firm pe...

  11. 78 FR 70274 - United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the United States Travel and Tourism...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-25

    ... International Trade Administration United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board AGENCY: International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce... meeting of the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board (Board). This will be the last meeting...

  12. The Atomic Energy Control Board's regulatory research and support program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of the Regulatory Research and Support Program is to augment and extend the capability of the Atomic Energy Control Board's (AECB) regulatory program beyond the capability of in-house resources. The overall objective of the program is to produce pertinent and independent scientific and other knowledge and expertise that will assist the AECB in making correct, timely and credible decisions on regulating the development, application and use of atomic energy. The objectives are achieved through contracted research, development, studies, consultant and other kinds of projects administered by the Research and Radiation Protection Branch (RRB) of the AECB

  13. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff practice and procedure digest: Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972--December 1991

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This 4th revision of the sixth edition of the NRC Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period of July 1, 1972 to December 31, 1991, interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2

  14. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission Staff Practice and Procedure Digest: Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972--March 1992

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This 5th revision of the sixth edition of the NRC Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period of July 1, 1972 to March 31, 1992, interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2

  15. Annual report and accounts of the Nuclear Energy Board 1991

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In a year which saw the passing into law of the Radiological Protection Act 1991, and on the international scene the publication of new Recommendations by the International Commission on Radiological Protection, the Nuclear Energy Board deepened the emphasis of its work on the protection of the public and the environment against the risks associated with ionising radiation. This it did particularly through its programme of monitoring of both artificial and natural radioactivity in the environment, regulation of uses of ionising radiation in medicine and industry, development of emergency response capability and participation in international research activities

  16. Auto-producers and Italian Electricity Board (ENEL): Collaboration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent Italian legislation (Laws No.'s 9 and 10, follow-ups to energy conservation Law 308/1982), has given further legal and financial incentives to industrial firms to opt for on-site power generation through cogeneration. This paper briefly describes the implications of the new relationship which has been created between ENEL (the Italian National Electricity Board) and auto-producers in that which regards cogeneration plant sizing, electricity tariffs for firms ceding power to the national grid, inter-connection requirements, technical assistance, and public and private operator partnerships with ENEL

  17. Top management team and board attributes and firm performance in the Netherlands

    OpenAIRE

    Postma, T.J.B.M.; Ees, H. van; Garretsen, Harry

    1999-01-01

    We survey the evidence on the relationship between board and top management team attributes and firm performance in the Netherlands (sample of 94 listed firms). To this aim we develop hypotheses by using sources from the strategic management and the corporate governance literature. Dutch corporations generally have a two-tier board system. We use the size of the top management team (TMT) and their average age as well as the size of the supervisory board (RVC) and the percentage of outside mem...

  18. Physico-mechanical comparison of urea formaldehyde bonded particle board manufactured from jute sticks and wood of Trewia nudiflora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abu Saleh Md. Golam Kibria

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This study is to know the physical and mechanical properties of particle board made up of jute sticks (jutex board and wood chips (woodex board of Trewia nudiflora. Two leading particle board manufacturing industries of Bangladesh were selected first which have the same manufacturing process and adhesive composition. Boards of available thicknesses were collected randomly. From each thickness category, three replications were taken. The parameters were studied as adhesive composition,mass of a board, density, bending strength, modulus of elasticity,surface soundness, tensile strength, screw withdrawal, pressure and pressing time. Urea formaldehyde resin is used to manufacture both types of particle board. For achieving the greater efficiency of boards, some chemical compounds were mixed with the resin. Due to the change in thicknesses, boards were not always different in terms of the physical and mechanical properties. Moreover, except the modulus of elasticity (MOE, woodex boards were superior to the properties of jutex boards

  19. Resolving the Tensions between Monitoring, Resourcing and Strategizing: Structures and Processes in High Technology Venture Boards

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, J.; Baden-Fuller, C.; Pool, J. K.

    2011-01-01

    There are key tensions between the two sides of a board's institutional role and function – of controlling and monitoring vs. that of resource gathering and strategizing. Drawing on a 38 month field study of eight new ventures in the UK high technology sector, we take a close look at the structural composition, knowledge base and behaviours of board directors in early stage high technology ventures. Our findings suggest that the early venture board, which typically consists of part-time membe...

  20. Outside directors on the board, competition and innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Buchwald, Achim; Thorwarth, Susanne

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the influence of non-executive outside directors on firms' innovative performance for a sample of 1,393 listed firms in the EU - 15 member states plus Norway and Switzerland in the period 2005 to 2010. Our results show that the fraction of non-executive outside directors on the board is associated with a significant decrease in the number of patent applications if competition in the market is low. This may indicate that restrictive monitoring and lower advising competences of o...

  1. Board diversity and organizational valuation: unravelling the effects of ethnicity and gender

    OpenAIRE

    Ntim, Collins G

    2015-01-01

    Organizational boards of directors are one of the most important subgroups within most modern organizations, performing critical advisory, monitoring and resource dependence roles. This paper investigates the crucial question of whether the stock market values ethnic and gender diversity within organizational boards. We find that board diversity is positively associated with market valuation. We distinctively demonstrate further that ethnic diversity is valued more highly by the stock market ...

  2. Recycling of WEEE: Characterization of spent printed circuit boards from mobile phones and computers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: → This paper presents new and important data on characterization of wastes of electric and electronic equipments. → Copper concentration is increasing in mobile phones and remaining constant in personal computers. → Printed circuit boards from mobile phones and computers would not be mixed prior treatment. - Abstract: This paper presents a comparison between printed circuit boards from computers and mobile phones. Since printed circuits boards are becoming more complex and smaller, the amount of materials is constantly changing. The main objective of this work was to characterize spent printed circuit boards from computers and mobile phones applying mineral processing technique to separate the metal, ceramic, and polymer fractions. The processing was performed by comminution in a hammer mill, followed by particle size analysis, and by magnetic and electrostatic separation. Aqua regia leaching, loss-on-ignition and chemical analysis (inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy - ICP-OES) were carried out to determine the composition of printed circuit boards and the metal rich fraction. The composition of the studied mobile phones printed circuit boards (PCB-MP) was 63 wt.% metals; 24 wt.% ceramics and 13 wt.% polymers; and of the printed circuit boards from studied personal computers (PCB-PC) was 45 wt.% metals; 27 wt.% polymers and ceramics 28 wt.% ceramics. The chemical analysis showed that copper concentration in printed circuit boards from personal computers was 20 wt.% and in printed circuit boards from mobile phones was 34.5 wt.%. According to the characteristics of each type of printed circuit board, the recovery of precious metals may be the main goal of the recycling process of printed circuit boards from personal computers and the recovery of copper should be the main goal of the recycling process of printed circuit boards from mobile phones. Hence, these printed circuit boards would not be mixed prior treatment. The results

  3. Increasing the capacity of paper and board machines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Siljander, O. [Jaakko Poeyry Papes (Finland)

    1999-03-01

    Finnish company, Papes Oy, has developed a two-part procedure (quick analysis and dryer section study) to increase the efficiency of dryers in paper and board mills. Over the past 15 years, the company has carried out process measurement and dryer section studies of 100 paper and board machines in Finland and Sweden. These studies have led to action plans that have resulted in energy efficiency improvements of 5-15% and benefits such as increased capacity, improved control of drying and better control in the case of breakdowns. The quick analysis uses a computer program to calculate the specific evaporation capacity of the dryer section using information about the flow of steam and condensate, the layout of the dryer section and machine data collected for the main grade and under consistent operating conditions. During the dryer section study, the current status of the machine, possible problems, their causes and actions to improve performance are examined. Factors to be considered when improving the dryer section are noted.

  4. Washington School Board Standards, Benchmarks of Success and Indicators for Evaluation, with References: A Framework for Effective Governance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boeck, Debora

    2009-01-01

    The Washington School Board Standards are intended for use by local school boards and individual directors as a common framework for school board governance. Two sets of standards were developed to encourage school boards and individual school directors to subscribe to the highest levels of professional and personal conduct and performance. The…

  5. MicroTCA inter-board data communications applied to BPM and LLRF systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Small communication facility-oriented microTCA was chosen as a standardization platform of the control apparatus for next-generation accelerators. In order to realize feedback control of LLRF, the FPGA control board was designed and improved. The FPGA control board is adopted as LLRF of cERL, STF, and SuperKEKB. After high power cavity tests with these boards were performed, beam acceleration operation for STF and cERL and manufacturing for eight stations of SuperKEKB have started. The FPGA control board is equipped with 4ch ADC, 4ch DAC, and a digital input/output. This board realized high-speed control and calculation. The EPICS IOC mounted in the board can perform control which is extended into several boards and that linked with outside systems using Channel Access communication protocol. Recently, a high-speed-data-transmission function between the FPGA control boards and an arithmetic processing board, which enables real time control between boards, has been developed. Examples of application to a BPM/LLRF system are described. (author)

  6. Remuneration Committee, Board Independence and Top Executive Compensation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chii-Shyan Kuo

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we examine whether the levels and structures of top executive compensation vary discernibly with different levels of board independence. We also examine how the newly mandated adoption of the remuneration committee (RC in Taiwan affects the board independence-executive pay relation. The mandatory establishment of RC for Taiwanese public firms, starting in 2011, is intended to strengthen the reasonableness and effectiveness of the executive compensation structure; thus, it is timely and of interest for practitioners and regulators to understand whether the establishment of RCs can effectively discipline top executive compensation policies. We first find that CEOs of firms that do not appoint independent directors have greater levels of annual pay than is the case for firms that have appointed independent directors, after controlling for the effect of CEO pay determinants. Second, we find that CEO pay for early RC adopters is more closely related to firm performance. Third, we find that the establishing of RCs may decrease CEO pay and enhance the pay-performance association, in particular for firms that have not appointed independent directors; however, this effect is not found to be statistically significant.

  7. Editorial Board

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    2011-2015 The World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics Editorial Board consists of 411 members, representing a team of worldwide experts in surgery research. They are from 47 countries, including Argentina (3), Australia (13), Austria (4), Belarus (1), Belgium (3), Brazil (10), Canada (10), China (41), Czech Republic (1), Denmark (1), Egypt (3), Estonia (1), Finland

  8. Editorial Board

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    2011-2015 The World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics Editorial Board consists of 411 members,representing a team of worldwide experts in surgery research.They are from 47 countries,including Argentina(3),Australia(13),Austria(4),Belarus(1),Belgium(3),Brazil(10),Canada(10),China(41),Czech Republic(1),Denmark

  9. 77 FR 9731 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-17

    ... Health and Social Reintegration; and Regenerative Medicine. March 6-8--Rehabilitation Engineering and... Reintegration; and Sensory Systems/Communication. ] The purpose of the Board is to review...

  10. Atomic Energy Control Board and its role in the regulation of uranium and thorium mines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Laws governing the Atomic Energy Control Board (AECB), its structure and functions is described in the context of the Board's role in uranium and thorium mining. The licensing and compliance procedures are described as they pertain to the objectives of the AECB in protecting workers, the public and the environment during construction, operating and closure of uranium and thorium mining and milling facilities. (OT)

  11. Composition and CEO Duality in Boards of Directors: An International Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Dan R Dalton; Idalene F Kesner

    1987-01-01

    This paper provides an empirical assessment comparing board composition (proportion of outside/nonmanagement board members) and CEO duality (role of CEO and chairperson held simultaneously) between samples (n=150) of Japanese, United Kingdom, and United States industrial firms. Results indicate marked differences in these corporate governance dimensions. Implications regarding board independence, and differences in corporate governance internationally are discussed.© 1987 JIBS. Journal of Int...

  12. Board of directors and the internationalization process: The case of Romania

    OpenAIRE

    Bordean, Ovidiu-Niculae; Anca BORZA

    2013-01-01

    This paper attempts to describe the relationship between some board composition (board size, board age, CEO-duality and female representation) and the internationalization strategy in Romanian firms. The data for our study was collected through secondary sources and was aimed at a sample of companies listed at Bucharest Stock Exchange (BSE). We had included in our survey both companies that were pursuing an international strategy and companies that were showing no interest for the internation...

  13. In situ acoustic methods to estimate the physical and mechanical aging of oriented strand board

    OpenAIRE

    Bobadilla Maldonado, Ignacio; Robles, Marta; Martínez, Roberto; Iñiguez Gonzalez, Guillermo; Arriaga Martitegui, Francisco

    2011-01-01

    Following the success achieved in previous research projects usin non-destructive methods to estimate the physical and mechanical aging of particle and fibre boards, this paper studies the relationships between aging, physical and mechanical changes, using non-destructive measurements of oriented strand board (OSB). 184 pieces of OSB board from a French source were tested to analyze its actual physical and mechanical properties. The same properties were estimated using acoustic non-destructiv...

  14. 75 FR 34439 - Defense Science Board Task Force on Nuclear Treaty Monitoring and Verification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-17

    ... anticipated directions in nonproliferation and arms control agreements and the environments in which they... Designated Federal Official will review all timely submissions with the Defense Science Board...

  15. Essays on Financing and Performance: The role of firms, banks and boards

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.T. Fliers (Philip)

    2016-01-01

    markdownabstractThe way firms and their boards interact with their shareholders or financiers is a difficult balancing act. How firms, banks and board fulfil their role has a significant impact on corporate financing decisions and performance. In three studies, this dissertation combines studies in

  16. The small world phenomenon and assortative mixing in Polish corporate board and director networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sankowska, Anna; Siudak, Dariusz

    2016-02-01

    This paper investigates the corporate board and director networks in the Polish capital market in 2014. We examined real board and director networks in comparison with networks that were randomly constructed. Through empirical analyses, we demonstrated that the real networks have the characteristics of small-world networks. In addition, the networks are assortative and highly clustered, which imposes certain behaviors on them.

  17. Departmental Appeals Board Decisions

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Decisions issued by the Chair and Board Members of the Departmental Appeals Board concerning determinations in discretionary, project grant programs, including...

  18. Pilot Boarding Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Pilot boarding areas are locations at sea where pilots familiar with local waters board incoming vessels to navigate their passage to a destination port. Pilotage...

  19. ChESS - Quick and Robust Detection of Chess-board Features

    OpenAIRE

    Bennett, Stuart; Lasenby, Joan

    2013-01-01

    Localization of chess-board vertices is a common task in computer vision, underpinning many applications, but relatively little work focusses on designing a specific feature detector that is fast, accurate and robust. In this paper the `Chess-board Extraction by Subtraction and Summation' (ChESS) feature detector, designed to exclusively respond to chess-board vertices, is presented. The method proposed is robust against noise, poor lighting and poor contrast, requires no prior knowledge of t...

  20. Membership of editorial boards and rankings of schools with international business orientation

    OpenAIRE

    Kam C. Chan; Hung-Gay Fung; Pikki Lai

    2005-01-01

    Using 4-year data (1990, 1994, 1998, and 2002), we have provided a ranking of schools with international business (IB) orientation based on the membership of editorial boards of 30 leading international business journals. Participation on the editorial boards of quality journals is highly selective, and should provide a quality indication of the schools. Both quality-unadjusted and adjusted board membership-based ranking are calculated in this study. Several interesting findings are worth not...

  1. Cleaning of used cathode and board units of electrolytic cells by acid method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Present article is devoted to cleaning of used cathode and board units of electrolytic cells by acid method. The studies results on setting of optimal parameters of extraction of extrinsic components remain after aqueous treatment of used cathode and board units of electrolytic cells of aluminium production were considered. It was defined that with using of 10% of hydrochloric acid solution from used cathode and board units of electrolytic cells it is possible to obtain the purified carbon-graphite material.

  2. Board Structure and Firm Performance: Evidence from French Firms Listed in SBF 120

    OpenAIRE

    Aymen Ammari; Mohamad Kadria; Abderrazak Ellouze

    2014-01-01

    Using a sample of 40 French companies listed on the SBF 120 for the period 2002-2009, we examine if board structure (board size, independence of its members andthe cumulativefunctions of decision and control) relate to their performance. To test the validity of our hypothesis,which states the existence of a certain deterministic between the board structure and financialperformance measured by four different ratios, namely ROA, ROE, Tobin's Q and Market to Book, we have developed four dynamic ...

  3. Effects of Excess Cash, Board Attributes and Insider Ownership on Firm Value: Evidence from Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Nadeem Ahmed Sheikh; Muhammad Imran Khan

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether excess cash, board attributes (i.e. board size, board independence and CEO duality) and insider ownership affects the value of the firm. Data were taken from annual reports of non-financial firms listed on the Karachi Stock Exchange (KSE) Pakistan during 2008-2012. Pooled ordinary least squares method used to estimate the effects of excess cash and internal governance indicators on the value of the firm. Our results indicate that...

  4. The Effects of Corporate Ownership Structure and Board Size on Earnings Management: Evidence from Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    Mehmet Aygun; Suleyman Ic; Mustafa Sayim

    2014-01-01

    This study investigates the impact of corporate ownership structure and board size on earnings management for asample of Turkish firms registered on the Istanbul Stock Exchange (ISE) for the period of 2009 to 2012. The corporate ownership structure is measured with two variables: managerial ownership and institutional ownership. The board size can be defined as the number of members in the board. This study also uses three controlled variables: return on assets, size of the firm and financial...

  5. An exploration of micro- and macro-level determinants of board effectiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Minichilli, Alessa Andro; Zattoni, Alessandro; Nielsen, Sabina; Huse, Morten

    2013-01-01

    This paper addresses recent calls to narrow the micro–macro gap in management research (Bamberger, 2008), by incorporating a macro-level context variable (country) in exploring micro-level determinants of board effectiveness. Following the integrated model proposed by Forbes and Milliken (1999), we identify three board processes as micro-level determinants of board effectiveness. Specifically, we focus on effort norms, cognitive conflicts and the use of knowledge and skills as determinants of...

  6. Association between gender diversity in board composition and firm performance: empirical evidence from Finland

    OpenAIRE

    Kiran, A.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the study is to examine the relationship between gender diversity in board composition and firm performance. The relationship is examined using 2011 and 2012 financial performance data for 50 Finnish listed companies. Two models are used to examine the relationship between gender diversity and firm performance. The first model uses percentage of women representation on the boards to measure gender diversity. The second model uses a dummy variable with a value of 1 for boards wi...

  7. The Role of Boards of Directors in Corporate Governance: A Conceptual Framework and Survey

    OpenAIRE

    Renee B. Adams; Hermalin, Benjamin E.; Weisbach, Michael S.

    2010-01-01

    This paper is a survey of the literature on boards of directors, with an emphasis on research done subsequent to the Benjamin E. Hermalin and Michael S. Weisbach (2003) survey. The two questions most asked about boards are what determines their makeup and what determines their actions? These questions are fundamentally intertwined, which complicates the study of boards because makeup and actions are jointly endogenous. A focus of this survey is how the literature, theoretical as well as empir...

  8. Boards of Directors in Family Businesses: A Literature Review and Research Agenda

    OpenAIRE

    BAMMENS, Yannick; Voordeckers, Wim; van Gils, Anita

    2011-01-01

    This paper offers a review of the theoretical and empirical literature addressing boards of directors within the unique organizational setting of family businesses. By reviewing and structuring past research, this paper aims to improve the understanding of how family involvement in firms affects the roles and behaviours of boards. The review of the literature is structured according to the family business board's two primary tasks as an internal administrative body, namely the exercise of con...

  9. Boards of directors and firm performance : is there an expectations gap?

    OpenAIRE

    Brennan, Niamh

    2006-01-01

    Reflecting investor expectations, most prior corporate governance research attempts to find a relationship between boards of directors and firm performance. This paper critically examines the premise on which this research is based. An expectations gap approach is applied for the first time to implicit expectations which assume a relationship between firm performance and company boards. An expectations gap has two elements: A reasonableness gap and a performance gap. Seven aspects of boards a...

  10. A survey. Financial accounting and internal control functions pursued by hospital boards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gavin, T A

    1984-09-01

    Justification for a board committee's existence is its ability to devote time to issues judged to be important by the full board. This seems to have happened. Multiple committees pursue more functions than the other committee structures. Boards lacking an FA/IC committee pursue significantly fewer functions than their counterparts with committees. Substantial respondent agreement exists on those functions most and least frequently pursued, those perceived to be most and least important, and those perceived to be most and least effectively undertaken. Distinctions between committee structures and the full board, noted in the previous paragraph, hold true with respect to the importance of functions. All board structures identified reviewing the budget and comparing it to actual results as important. Committee structures are generally more inclined to address functions related to the work of the independent auditor and the effectiveness of the hospital's system and controls than are full board structures. Functions related to the internal auditor are pursued least frequently by all FA/IC board structures. The following suggestions are made to help boards pay adequate attention to and obtain objective information about the financial affairs of their hospitals. Those boards that do not have some form of an FA/IC committee should consider starting one. Evidence shows chief financial officers have been a moving force in establishing and strengthening such committees. Boards having a joint or single committee structure should consider upgrading their structure to either a single committee or multiple committees respectively. The complexity of the healthcare environment requires that more FA/IC functions be addressed by the board. The board or its FA/IC committee(s) should meet with their independent CPA's, fiscal intermediary auditors, and internal auditors. Where the hospital lacks an internal audit function a study should be undertaken to determine the feasibility of

  11. Correlations Between Chiropractic National Board (Part I) Scores and Basic Science Course Grades and Related Data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolfenberger, Virginia

    1999-01-01

    A study at one institution found significant correlations between students' scores on the National Board of Chiropractic Examiners test and academic achievement data. Results indicate that it is not always course subject matter that influences the relationship between course grade and board scores, but may instead be the ability to assimilate…

  12. The Characteristics of Journal Editorial Boards in Library and Information Science

    OpenAIRE

    Peter Willett

    2013-01-01

    A study of the members of the editorial boards of 16 leading LIS journals shows that the boards vary markedly in size, in diversity (in terms of both gender and nationality) and in the experience and publication/citation profiles (based on Web of Science data) of their board-members. A typical editorial board member will be male, work in the USA, have published their first LIS article in 1995, and have 9.5 publications and 39 non-self citations to those publications, with the publication/cita...

  13. THE ROLE AND EFFECTIVENESS OF SUPERVISORY BOARDS OF COMPANIES LISTED ON WARSAW STOCK EXCHANGE IN POLAND

    OpenAIRE

    Piotr Grabowski

    2015-01-01

    In a world full of uncertainty and constant economic changes, key issues for companies are to minimize risk of activities and to secure a long-term growth. In countries like Poland, where the two-tier board model is common with regulations in the law, supervisory boards are playing a main role in controlling management boards’ operational activities regarding implementation of previously accepted strategic goals in tight relation with a risk management. In this case, supervisory boards must a...

  14. The relationship among board of director characteristics, corporate social performance and corporate financial performance

    OpenAIRE

    Paul Dunn; Barbara Sainty

    2009-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the link between qualitative measures of a firm's Board of Directors and its corporate social performance (CSP). Design/methodology/approach – CSP is a function of qualitative measures of a firm's Board of Directors, as well as firm risk and financial performance. A longitudinal sample of 104 Canadian firms is used. Findings – Board independence is positively related to social performance but shareholder orientation is not. In addition, a ...

  15. Analysis of airplane boarding via space-time geometry and random matrix theory

    CERN Document Server

    Bachmat, E; Skiena, S S; Stolyarov, N; Berend, D; Bachmat, Eitan; Sapir, Luba; Skiena, Steven; Stolyarov, Natan; berend, Daniel

    2005-01-01

    We show that airplane boarding can be asymptotically modeled by 2-dimensional Lorentzian geometry. Boarding time is given by the maximal proper time among curves in the model. Discrepancies between the model and simulation results are closely related to random matrix theory. We then show how such models can be used to explain why some commonly practiced airline boarding policies are ineffective and even detrimental.

  16. Training Circuit Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-01-01

    Young Electronics Company's new product is a testboard developed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory as a tool for training and qualifying personnel in board assembly and in the art of soldering components without damaging boards or components. The boards are used for pre- employment testing and employee requalification.

  17. Water Science and Technology Board. Annual report 1993-1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1995-01-01

    This report summarizes the activities of the Water Science and Technology Board during 1993-1994. The WSTB is intended to be a dynamic forum, a mechanism by which the broad community of water science, technology, and policy professionals can help assure high-quality national water programs. The principal products of WSTB studies are written reports which cover a wide range of water resources issues of current national concern. A few recent examples are: Alternatives for ground water cleanup; Managing wastewater in coastal urban areas; and, Water transfers in the West - efficiency, equity and the environment. Projects completed, ongoing studies and published reports are described in detail in their respective sections of this report.

  18. Urban School Board Survey: Characteristics, Structure, and Benefits. Second Survey and Report. Urban Indicator, Fall 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Council of the Great City Schools, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The Council of the Great City Schools surveyed its member districts in the fall of 2008 to determine the characteristics of school boards and school board members in the nation's major urban school districts. This is the second such survey that the organization has conducted in the last several years. The first was in 2005. Survey forms were…

  19. NA62 Level 0 trigger: TELDES and InterTEL boards testing and integration scenario

    CERN Multimedia

    Lupi, Matteo

    2015-01-01

    TELDES is a TEL62 daughter-board used in the generation of the Liquid Krypton Calorimeter primitive for the Level 0 Trigger of the NA62 Experiment. InterTEL is a daughter-board used to interconnect the TEL62s used in the CEDAR, LAV and RICH detectors.

  20. Water Science and Technology Board Annual Report 2001-2002

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2002-10-01

    This annual report marks the twentieth anniversary of the Water Science and Technology Board (WSTB) (1982-2002). The WSTB oversees studies of water issues. The principal products of studies are written reports. These reports cover a wide range of water resources issues of national concern. The following three recently issued reports illustrate the scope of the WSTB's studies: Envisioning the Agenda for Water Resources Research in the Twenty-first Century. The Missouri River Ecosystem: Exploring the Prospects for Recovery, and Assessing the TMDL Approach to Water Quality Management. The WSTB generally meets three times each year where discussions are held on ongoing projects, strategic planning, and developing new initiatives. The meetings also foster communication within the water resources community. The annual report includes a discussion on current studies, completed studies 2001-2002, and future plans, as well as a listing of published reports (1983-2002).

  1. Board Formation and Its Endogeneity: An Empirical Study of Russian Firms

    OpenAIRE

    Iwasaki, Ichiro

    2007-01-01

    The statistically typical form of the board of directors in a Russian joint-stock corporation can be characterized as an open managerial supervisory body with a balanced membership of executive corporate officers and outsider directors. In reality, however, there are only a very limited number of Russian firms with this "average" type of corporate boards. The vast majority of Russian joint-stock corporations are either governed by a board of directors with an extremely high outsider directors...

  2. Governing board structure, business strategy, and performance of acute care hospitals: a contingency perspective.

    OpenAIRE

    Young, G; Beekun, R I; Ginn, G O

    1992-01-01

    Contingency theory suggests that for a hospital governing board to be effective in taking on a more active role in strategic management, the board needs to be structured to complement the overall strategy of the organization. A survey study was conducted to examine the strategies of acute care hospitals as related to the structural characteristics of their governing boards. After controlling for organizational size and system membership, results indicated a significant relationship between th...

  3. Crushing performance and resource characteristic of printed circuit board scrap

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Hui; GU Guo-hua; QI Yun-feng

    2005-01-01

    The crushing performance of printed circuit board (PCB) was studied on several crushers. The results show that PCB is a material which is difficult to crush. The crushing performance of PCB with disk crusher, especially vibration grinding, which has cut or impact action, excels that of jaw crusher or roller crusher. The PCB scrap is worthwhile to recycle using variety of modern characterization methods. When compared with natural resources, this material stream remains a rich precious metal and nonferrous metals. In PCB scrap, metals account for 47% of the total material composition, in which there exists 19.66% copper, 11.47% iron, 3.93% lead, 300 g/t gold and 5-10 kg/t silver, etc. In addition, the PCB scrap contains 27% of plastics and 26% of refractory oxides.

  4. Scrum Board Game

    Science.gov (United States)

    van den Oord, Stefan; van de Goor, Wim

    The Scrum Board Game is a workshop for beginners. It is for people with any role (customer, developer, tester, etc.), who don’t exactly know what a Scrum Board is, or how to create one themselves. The workshop teaches the benefits of a Scrum Board, how to use it, and how to introduce it in projects.

  5. United State Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff practice and procedure digest: Commission, Appeal Board, and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972--June 1988

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This fifth edition of the NRC Staff Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period from July 1, 1972 to June 30, 1988 interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2. This edition replaces in their entirety earlier editions and supplements and includes appropriate changes reflecting the amendments to the Rules of Practice effective through June 30, 1988

  6. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff practice and procedure digest. Commission, Appearl Board and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972-June 1985. Digest No. 4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This edition of the NRC Staff Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period July 1, 1972 to June 30, 1985 interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2. This edition replaces earlier editions and supplements and includes appropriate changes reflecting the amendment to the Rules of Practice effective June 30, 1985

  7. Endogenously Chosen Boards of Directors and Their Monitoring of the CEO

    OpenAIRE

    Hermalin, Benjamin E.; Weisbach, Michael S.

    1996-01-01

    A fundamental issue in governance research is how boards can be chosen through a process partially controlled by the CEO but yet can still be somewhat effective in monitoring the CEO. We offer an answer based on a model in which board effectiveness is a function of the board's independence. This, in turn, is a function of negotiations (implicit or explicit) between the existing directors and the CEO over who will fill vacancies on the board. We show how the CEO's bargaining power over the boa...

  8. Keeping the Board in the Dark: CEO Compensation and Entrenchment

    OpenAIRE

    Inderst, Roman; Mueller, Holger M.

    2005-01-01

    We study a model in which a CEO can entrench himself by hiding information from the board that would allow the board to conclude that he should be replaced. Assuming that even diligent monitoring by the board cannot fully overcome the information asymmetry vis-à-vis the CEO, we ask if there is a role for CEO compensation to mitigate the inefficiency. Our analysis points to a novel argument for high-powered, non-linear CEO compensation such as bonus pay or stock options. By shifting the CEO’s ...

  9. ASSESSMENT OF SELECTED PHYSICAL AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF CEMENT BONDED BOARD PRODUCED FROM Gliricidia sepium (AGUNMANIYE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Tosin ALADEJANA

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Selected physical and mechanical properties of cement bonded board produced from Gliricidia sepium were assessed. The following board properties were evaluated, water absorption, thickness swelling, water absorption and thickness swelling following accelerated aging, modulus of rupture and modulus of elasticity. The Board formation was based on cement: wood ratio 1:1, 2:1 and 3:1, board densities of 800, 900 and 1000kg/m3 on dry weight basis. The quantity of cement, particles, and water for the production of each board was weighed, mixed separately and very well in order to prevent the formation of particles lumps. Blended mixture was transferred and formed inside a nominal mould dimension of 650mm in length, 650mm in width and 13mm thickness on a caul plate that was covered with polythene sheet before plywood was laid at the top of the mat. The mean value for water absorption and thickness swelling ranged from 3.06 to 6.99% and 1.40 to 7.51%, respectively. Following accelerated aging test, water absorption and thickness swelling ranged from 3.41 to 8.12% and 3.46 to 15.58%, respectively. The mean values for Modulus of rupture (MOR ranged from 0.76 to 10.22N/mm2 while the mean values for Modulus of Elasticity (MOE of the experimental boards produced ranged from 1800.77 to 5220.60N/mm2 . Water absorption and thickness swelling decreased with increase in board density and cement: wood ratio. After the board had been subjected to accelerated aging, water absorption and thickness swelling of the boards decreased with increase in density and cement: wood ratio. Modulus of rupture and modulus of elasticity increased with increase in board density and cement: wood ratio. Gliricidia sepium was found suitable for the production of cement bonded board.

  10. 77 FR 55845 - Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration: Request for Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-11

    ...The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is requesting nominations to serve on the Science Board to FDA (Science Board). FDA seeks to include the views of women and men, members of all racial and ethnic groups, and individuals with and without disabilities on its advisory committees and, therefore, encourages nominations of appropriately qualified candidates from these...

  11. Employee Ownership, Board Representation, and Corporate Financial Policies

    OpenAIRE

    Ginglinger, Edith; Megginson, William; Waxin, Timothee

    2011-01-01

    French law mandates that employees of large publicly listed companies be allowed to elect two types of directors to represent employees. First, partially privatized companies must reserve two or three (depending on board size) board seats for directors elected by employees by right of employment. Second, employee-shareholders in any public company have the right to elect one director whenever they hold at least 3% of outstanding shares. These two rights have engendered substantial employee re...

  12. Medical, psychological and pedagogical support of pupils in the sanatorium boarding school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lyudmila Zhilina

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The author substantiates the value of medical, psychological and pedagogical support of the pupils in the boarding school. The aim of the research was to investigate the psychological and pedagogical problems of upbringing and educating of adolescents in sanatorium boarding schools in order to prevent and overcome their multiple dysadaptation.

  13. An Interactive Attention Board: Improving the Attention of Individuals with Autism and Mental Retardation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahin, Yasar Guneri; Cimen, Fatih Mehmet

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a tool named "Interactive Attention Board" (IAB) and an associated software named "Interactive Attention Boards Software" (IABS) for individuals with Mental Retardation and Autism. The proposed system is based on several theories such as perception and learning theories, and it is intended to improve hand-eye coordination and…

  14. 76 FR 81477 - Announcing an Open Meeting of the Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-28

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Announcing an Open Meeting of the Information Security and...: The Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board (ISPAB) will meet Wednesday, February 1, 2012....C. App., notice is hereby given that the Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board...

  15. 75 FR 39920 - Announcing a Meeting of the Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-13

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Announcing a Meeting of the Information Security and Privacy... Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board (ISPAB) will meet Wednesday, August 4, 2010, from 9 a.m. until...., notice is hereby given that the Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board (ISPAB) will...

  16. 76 FR 34650 - Announcing a Meeting of the Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-14

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Announcing a Meeting of the Information Security and Privacy...: Notice. SUMMARY: The Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board (ISPAB) will meet Wednesday, July 13... is hereby given that the Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board (ISPAB) will meet...

  17. 78 FR 89 - Announcing an Open Meeting of the Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-02

    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Announcing an Open Meeting of the Information Security and.... SUMMARY: The Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board (ISPAB) will meet Wednesday, February 13... Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board (ISPAB) will meet Wednesday, February 13, 2013, from 8:00...

  18. Board Brasileiro de Ortodontia e Ortopedia Facial: certificando excelência Brazilian Board of Orthodontics and Facial Orthopedics: certifying excellence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto M. A. Lima Filho

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available O Board Brasileiro de Ortodontia e Ortopedia Facial (BBO é uma entidade de Certificação Nacional de padrão de excelência clínica no exercício da especialidade. O artigo, ora apresentado, traz o histórico da criação do BBO, sua estrutura e as fases que compõem a avaliação para obtenção da Certificação. Apresenta, ainda, o relato do primeiro exame aplicado no Brasil. O objetivo é multiplicar o conhecimento, entre os profissionais da área, sobre a importância da Certificação BBO como garantia do mais alto grau de qualidade no tratamento ortodôntico.The Brazilian Board of Orthodontics and Facial Orthopedics (BBO is the institution that certifies the standards of clinical excellence in the practice of this specialty. This article describes the history of BBO's creation and the examination structure and phases to obtain the BBO Certification. It also presents a detailed report of the first exam applied in Brazil. Its purpose is to expand the knowledge, among professionals in the area, about the importance of BBO Certification as assurance of the highest level of quality in orthodontic treatments.

  19. Boards to combine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maggs, William Ward

    The National Research Council's Board on Earth Sciences and the Board on Mineral and Energy Resources were eliminated during the summer by a decision of the Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Resources, which oversees both bodies, and Frank Press, president of the National Academy of Sciences. The responsibilities of the two boards will be merged into a Board on Earth Sciences and Resources, not yet formed.Raphael Kasper, executive director of the Commission, said that the boards were dissolved for two reasons. “There's been a general trend within the Academy toward bringing together the pure and applied branches of particular sciences.” BES had dealt largely with basic Earth science research, while BMER had addressed questions related to mineral resources, land use, and public policy. The Space Science Board and the Space Applications Board, also under the jurisdiction of the Commission, were combined this fall into a single body (Eos, October 18, p. 961).

  20. Research for School Board Members: Teacher Militancy, Negotiations, and Strikes. PREP-8.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stollar, Dewey H.; And Others

    The documents in this kit, second in a series on Research for School Board Members, analyzes the continuing rise in teacher militancy, the causes and effects on public education, community relations, methods of teaching and administration. Also discussed is the responsibility of School Boards and their administrators in dealing with the teachers…

  1. California School Boards: Professional Development and the Masters in Governance Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canal, Sergio Alfredo

    2013-01-01

    The California School Board Association's (CSBA) Professional Governance Standards, Lee Bolman and Terrence Deal's framework for leadership and management, and the Lighthouse Inquiry of the Iowa Association of School Boards provided the framework to understand the impact of the Masters in Governance (MIG) training provided by the CSBA on…

  2. 49 CFR 1103.12 - The practitioner's duty to and attitude toward the Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false The practitioner's duty to and attitude toward the... to and attitude toward the Board. (a) It is the duty of the practitioner to maintain a respectful attitude toward the Board and for the importance of the functions it administers. In many respects...

  3. Chemical identification of contaminants in paper and board food contact materials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bengtström, Linda

    Paper and board are used for a variety of food contact materials, such as baking paper, microwave popcorn bags and packaging for cereals as well as fast foods. Despite this extensive use, there are currently large data gaps about the chemical composition of different paper and board food contact...

  4. Integrity, Culture, and Other Intangibles for Building Long-Term Value--The Board's Critical Responsibility

    OpenAIRE

    Stout, John H.

    2012-01-01

    Governance is a discipline different from management. Understanding that concept is the first step toward improving board practices. While management designs, recommends to the board, and executes the company s strategy and business plan within an agreed budget, governance focuses on active, vigorous oversight of the company and its management. This paper presents a practical guide for boa...

  5. Board Members: Here's Whom You Can Trust--And how Far.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Joy J.

    1988-01-01

    Trust is essential to every school board member striving to fulfill responsibilities to the electorate and the school system. Trust should not be blind, but based on experience and informed reasoning. Suggestions for trusting the superintendent, fellow board members, legal counsel, independent auditors, the democratic process, and oneself are…

  6. 19 CFR 10.5 - Shooks and staves; cloth boards; port director's account.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Shooks and staves; cloth boards; port director's... Provisions Articles Exported and Returned § 10.5 Shooks and staves; cloth boards; port director's account. (a... returned as boxes or barrels shall file in triplicate with the director of the port of exportation,...

  7. Perceptions of South Dakota Public School Superintendents and Board Presidents Regarding Collaboration Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plumb, Elizabeth C.

    2011-01-01

    No single relationship in a school district has a greater impact on successful education than that between the school board and superintendent (Kowalski, 2006). The purpose of this study was to examine and compare perceptions of South Dakota public school superintendents and board presidents regarding collaboration practices for communicating…

  8. 78 FR 53427 - Meeting of the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-29

    ... International Trade Administration Meeting of the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board AGENCY.... travel and tourism industry. DATES: September 17, 2013, 1:30 p.m.-4:30 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time (EDT... FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jennifer Pilat, the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board,...

  9. 77 FR 75148 - Request for Applications for United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-19

    ... International Trade Administration Request for Applications for United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board... membership on the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board. SUMMARY: The Department of Commerce is currently seeking applications for four memberships on the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory...

  10. 78 FR 13348 - Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration Advisory Committee; Amendment of Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-27

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration Advisory... Administration (FDA) is announcing an amendment to the notice of meeting of the Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration. This meeting was announced in the Federal Register of January 30, 2013 (78 FR...

  11. 78 FR 39632 - Cotton Board Rules and Regulations: Adjusting Supplemental Assessment on Imports (2013 Amendment)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-02

    ... the Federal Register (77 FR 51867) for the purpose of calculating assessments on imported cotton is $0...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 1205 Cotton Board Rules and Regulations... Register), amending the Cotton Board Rules and Regulations by decreasing the value assigned to...

  12. Academic Boards: Less Intellectual and More Academic Capital in Higher Education Governance?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowlands, Julie

    2013-01-01

    A historically informed analysis of the academic board or senate in Australian universities, and in the wider higher education environment, particularly the UK, indicates that the role and function of academic boards has fundamentally changed in the past 30 years. Within the context of universities being repositioned to serve global knowledge…

  13. A study of the role, contribution and performance of UK board directors

    OpenAIRE

    Kakabadse, Andrew P.; Kakabadse, Nada K.; Myers, Andrew

    2008-01-01

    The quality, integrity, skill and wisdom of UK Board Chairmen is seen to be unimpeachable. However, a comprehensive survey of all FTSE 350 Directors raises question marks over the effectiveness of their contributions to Board performance, effective organisational governance and shareholder accountability. These three concerns offer real opportunities for improved performance.

  14. 12 CFR 7.2024 - Staggered terms for national bank directors and size of bank board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... size of bank board. 7.2024 Section 7.2024 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF... bank directors and size of bank board. (a) Staggered terms. Any national bank may adopt bylaws that... bylaws so amended. (b) Maximum term. Any national bank director may hold office for a term that does...

  15. Diversity at the Head Table : Bringing Complementary Skills and Experiences to the Board

    OpenAIRE

    Argüden, Yılmaz

    2010-01-01

    A well-functioning board of directors needs diversity of experience and perspectives. If everybody thinks the same, then there is no need for a board; one individual would suffice! Diversity for its own sake, however, is not an improvement in governance; what matters is the combination of complementary skills and experiences that members bring to the table to better address the challenges ...

  16. Development and Evaluation of a ZigFlea-based Wireless Transceiver Board for CUI32

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Torresen, Jim; Hauback, Øyvind; Overholt, Daniel;

    2012-01-01

    We present a new wireless transceiver board for the CUI32 sensor interface, aimed at creating a solution that is flexible, reliable, and with little power consumption. Communica- tion with the board is based on the ZigFlea protocol and it has been evaluated on a CUI32 using the StickOS oper- ating...

  17. School Boards: the Overlooked Shapers of School Culture and Organizational Efficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, Edward S.

    2010-01-01

    As a result of increased federal control, the push for national curricula, and explicit school accountability standards, the ability of local school boards to lead public education has been questioned and left unanswered by the lack of applicable school board research. Hence, the purpose of this study was to consider the relationship between…

  18. Safety in urban environment and emergency notice boards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reliable and safe urban system conditions have to be a crucial goal of ordinary planning activities. Among planning goals, priority must be given to indications relating to the safety levels to be achieved and to the amount of resources to be directed towards reducing the vulnerability of urban systems and therefore of the measures to be taken. Uban vulnerability cannot in fact be reduced to the sum of the vulnerability of single buildings or to the physical vulnerability of its various components. This research work consists of identifying those urban sub-areas that are important for safety in relation to natural risks, ambits that should be highlighted by means of permanent emergency notice boards/billboards. What are the hazard notices relating to all natural hazards and related risks? Where are they located? Are they clear and straightforward so that all residents and visitors are able to understand them, as it is already the case for road signs (or at least it should be)? What urban sub-areas are worth highlighting in relation to natural risks, acting for example as escape routes or meeting points? How is information for the public managed in order that people are immediately, easily and regularly notified? What is the relation of such signals to ordinary traffic signals? Research into the state of the art of permanent notice boards/billboards of this type, currently distinguished only by sporadic and local initiatives, aims at carrying out a census of and recognizing urban elements already considered as important for reducing the vulnerability of the urban system to different natural calamities and at providing new highlights as regards the identification of new ones. The next step is to work out a decision and common-language strategy for planning these elements and for their adequate signposting, so as to be able to live in the urban environment with awareness, safety and confidence, including with respect to more remote and therefore often neglected

  19. Safety in Urban Environment and Emergency Notice Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Confortini, Claudia; Tira, Maurizio

    2008-07-01

    Reliable and safe urban system conditions have to be a crucial goal of ordinary planning activities. Among planning goals, priority must be given to indications relating to the safety levels to be achieved and to the amount of resources to be directed towards reducing the vulnerability of urban systems and therefore of the measures to be taken. Uban vulnerability cannot in fact be reduced to the sum of the vulnerability of single buildings or to the physical vulnerability of its various components. This research work consists of identifying those urban sub-areas that are important for safety in relation to natural risks, ambits that should be highlighted by means of permanent emergency notice boards/billboards. What are the hazard notices relating to all natural hazards and related risks? Where are they located? Are they clear and straightforward so that all residents and visitors are able to understand them, as it is already the case for road signs (or at least it should be)? What urban sub-areas are worth highlighting in relation to natural risks, acting for example as escape routes or meeting points? How is information for the public managed in order that people are immediately, easily and regularly notified? What is the relation of such signals to ordinary traffic signals? Research into the state of the art of permanent notice boards/billboards of this type, currently distinguished only by sporadic and local initiatives, aims at carrying out a census of and recognizing urban elements already considered as important for reducing the vulnerability of the urban system to different natural calamities and at providing new highlights as regards the identification of new ones. The next step is to work out a decision and common-language strategy for planning these elements and for their adequate signposting, so as to be able to live in the urban environment with awareness, safety and confidence, including with respect to more remote and therefore often neglected

  20. INFLUENCE OF BOARDS DIAMETRICAL POSITION AND STEAMING ON THE DRYING DEFECTS OF Eucalyptus grandis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fred Willians Calonego

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the Eucalyptus grandis drying defects acting on boards diametrical position and on log steaming. Half of the logs, with diameter from 20 to <25, 25 to <30 and 30 to <35cm, were steamed during 20 hours at 90ºC of temperature. Subsequently, the logs (control and steamed were sawn. The boards were dried in the dry-kiln pilot and the resulting defects from the drying process were measured. The results indicate that: (1 the boards coming from control logs presented different magnitude defects in function of the diametrical position. The split and spring to increase in direction to pith, the bow to increase in direction to bark and cupping were bigger in intermediary boards; (2 the boards coming from steamed logs presented a reduction from drying defects in function of logs diameter and its more homogeneous index in the pith-bark direction.

  1. Does governance matter? Board configuration and performance in not-for-profit hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, Jeffrey A; Lee, Shoou-Yih D

    2006-01-01

    As performance accountabilities, external oversight, and market competition among not-for-profit (NFP) hospitals have grown, governing boards have been given a more central leadership role. This article examines these boards' effectiveness, particularly how their configuration influenced a range of performance outcomes in NFP community hospitals. Results indicate that hospitals governed by boards using a corporate governance model, versus hospitals governed by philanthropic-style boards, were likely to be more efficient and have more admissions and a larger share of the local market. Occupancy and cash flow were generally unrelated to hospitals' governing board configuration. However, effects of governance configuration were more pronounced in freestanding and public NFP hospitals compared with system-affiliated and private NFP hospitals, respectively. PMID:17096640

  2. Unlicensed Boarding House Managers' Experiences and Perceptions of Need in Residents with Mental Health and Substance Use Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deane, Frank P.; Tweedie, Rosemarie; van der Weyden, Chantelle; Cowlin, Feona

    2012-01-01

    Unlicensed boarding houses provide low cost accommodation for many people who have mental health and/or alcohol or other drug problems. The present study explored the needs and experiences of owners and managers of unlicensed boarding houses who have residents with MH and AOD problems. Twenty-three boarding house managers (BHMs) from Illawarra and…

  3. 12 CFR 989.3 - Requirement to provide financial and other information to the Finance Board and the Office of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... information to the Finance Board and the Office of Finance. 989.3 Section 989.3 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD OFFICE OF FINANCE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OF THE BANKS § 989.3 Requirement to provide financial and other information to the Finance Board and the Office of Finance. In order to facilitate...

  4. Does the Size and Composition of the Board of Directors of Shinkin Banks Affect their Risk Taking and Efficiency?

    OpenAIRE

    Tsutomu Chano; Yoshiro Tsutsui

    2014-01-01

    This paper investigates the effect of the size and composition of the board of directors of Shinkin Banks on their efficiency and risk taking. Because employees are important stakeholders in Japanese firms, we define the relative size of the board of directors as the number of directors per employee. We also consider the composition of the board; specifically, we employ a dummy variable representing whether the board includes directors who were not employees of that Shinkin Bank, and also the...

  5. BOARD DIVERSITY AND GENDER COMPOSITION ON CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND FIRM REPUTATION IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farah Margaretha

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to find out the impact of board diversity and gender composition on CSR performance and firm reputation. This study also revealed the role of CSR performance as a mediator in the impact of board diversity, gender composition, and firm reputation. Samples were chosen from companies awarded Indonesia’s Best Wealth Creator Award for year 2010–2012 by SWA Magazine, Indonesia, using purposive sampling. This study showed that CSR performance and gender composition had positive impact on firm reputation but did not significantly impact board diversity.

  6. An Examination of School Board Presidents' Perceptions of Their Superintendent's Interpersonal Communication Competence and Board Decision Making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petersen, George J.; Short, Paula M.

    2002-01-01

    Using research focused on interpersonal communication theory, exploratory investigation examines school board presidents' perceptions of their district superintendent's interpersonal communication competence in his or her role as chief executive officer to the board of education. Finds, for example, that the superintendent's interpersonal…

  7. 76 FR 69083 - Cotton Board Rules and Regulations: Adjusting Supplemental Assessment on Imports; Corrections

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-08

    ... Shethir.Riva@ams.usda.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The final rule (76 FR 54078) amended the Cotton... Service 7 CFR Part 1205 Cotton Board Rules and Regulations: Adjusting Supplemental Assessment on Imports... contains corrections to the final rule published on August 31, 2011, regarding the Cotton Board Rules...

  8. 47 CFR 15.102 - CPU boards and power supplies used in personal computers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... computers. 15.102 Section 15.102 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION GENERAL RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICES Unintentional Radiators § 15.102 CPU boards and power supplies used in personal computers. (a... modifications that must be made to a personal computer, peripheral device, CPU board or power supply...

  9. How To Gain Support from Your Board and Administration: Marketing 101 for Your Library Media Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baule, Steven M.; Bertani, Laura Blair

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the importance of marketing library media programs to school boards and school district administrators. Suggests aligning library goals with district goals; hosting district board meetings; designing flyers to promote library services; developing library newsletters; annual reports that highlights achievements; networking; formal…

  10. 78 FR 11915 - Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-20

    ..., Release No. 68921/February 13, 2013] Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support Fee for Calendar Year 2013 The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as amended (the ``Sarbanes-Oxley Act''),\\1\\ established the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (``PCAOB'') to...

  11. 77 FR 2576 - Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-18

    ... Release No. 34-66141/January 11, 2012] Order Approving Public Company Accounting Oversight Board Budget and Annual Accounting Support Fee for Calendar Year 2012 The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as amended (the ``Sarbanes-Oxley Act''),\\1\\ established the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board...

  12. Students' First Amendment Rights and School District Demographics: Gauging School Board Responsiveness to Student Speech Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, Mario Sergio; Collier, Virginia; Tolson, Homer; Huang, Tse-Yang

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the extent to which Texas school boards of education made efforts to locally modify student speech policy. Using online policy manuals provided by the Texas Association of School Boards, speech policies for 91 school districts were gathered using a purposive stratified sampling procedure and examined for local modifications to…

  13. A generic FPGA-based detector readout and real-time image processing board

    CERN Document Server

    Sarpotdar, Mayuresh; Safonova, Margarita; Murthy, Jayant

    2016-01-01

    For space-based astronomical observations, it is important to have a mechanism to capture the digital output from the standard detector for further on-board analysis and storage. We have developed a generic (application- wise) field-programmable gate array (FPGA) board to interface with an image sensor, a method to generate the clocks required to read the image data from the sensor, and a real-time image processor system (on-chip) which can be used for various image processing tasks. The FPGA board is applied as the image processor board in the Lunar Ultraviolet Cosmic Imager (LUCI) and a star sensor (StarSense) (instruments developed by our group). In this paper, we discuss the various design considerations for this board and its applications in the future balloon and possible space flights.

  14. The causal effect of board size in the performance of small and medium-sized firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bennedsen, Morten; Kongsted, Hans Christian; Meisner Nielsen, Kasper

    2008-01-01

    Empirical studies of large publicly traded firms have shown a robust negative relationship between board size and firm performance. The evidence on small and medium-sized firms is less clear; we show that existing work has been incomplete in analyzing the causal relationship due to weak...... identification strategies. Using a rich data set of almost 7000 closely held corporations we provide a causal analysis of board size effects on firm performance: We use a novel instrument given by the number of children of the chief executive officer (CEO) of the firms. First, we find a strong positive...... correlation between family size and board size and show this correlation to be driven by firms where the CEO's relatives serve on the board. Second, we find empirical evidence of a small adverse board size effect driven by the minority of small and medium-sized firms that are characterized by having...

  15. Final Report and Documentation for the PLD11 Multipurpose Programmable Logic VME Board Design

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The PLD11 board is a 9U VME board containing 11 Altera 10K100 Programmable Logic Devices, controlled impedance clock tree, VME interface, programming inteface, 0C3 (155 Mbps) interface and serial port. The 11 Altera 10K100 Programmable Logic Devices arranged to provide four 96 bit wide buses for a total of 384 parallel digital data lines in and out of the board that can operate up to 100 Mhz for a aggrigate throughput of 38.4 Gpbs. The 14.44'' X 15.75'' board has over 1.1 million programmable gates that can be programmed through a serial interace. The board contains a clock reference and 50 ohm clock distribution tree that can drive each of the eleven 10K100 devices with two critically timed clock references. Five external clock references can be used to drive five additional PLD 11 boards for a total of six boards operating all from the same synchronous clock reference. A system of six boards provides just under 7 million programmable gates

  16. 78 FR 3398 - United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the United States Travel and Tourism...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-16

    ... President's Executive Order 13597 on travel and tourism. The agenda may change to accommodate Board business... International Trade Administration United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board AGENCY: International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of...

  17. Design and construction of indigenously electronic boards for the automatic control of MNSR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Development, implementation, and manufacturing, indigenously, the first-of-a kind prototype of the electronic automatic control board of MSNR was made in this work. The new prototype includes some specific modifications that take into consideration the availability of electronic elements in the local market, the possibility to manufacture the control board indigenously, and the availability of such board as spare parts on reserve: The manufactured board has been tested (as cooled test) to check for functionality or malfunction before installation as part of the control and operating system. Later on, the board will be installed and tested as part of the above mentioned system to check whether it functions correctly under normal operating conditions (as hot test). (author)

  18. Commercial Crew Program and the Safety Technical Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullen, Macy

    2016-01-01

    The Commercial Crew Program (CCP) is unique to any other program office at NASA. After the agency suffered devastating budget cuts and the Shuttle Program retired, the U.S. gave up its human spaceflight capabilities. Since 2011 the U.S. has been dependent on Russia to transport American astronauts and cargo to the International Space Station (ISS) and back. NASA adapted and formed CCP, which gives private, domestic, aerospace companies unprecedented reign over America's next ride to space. The program began back in 2010 with 5 companies and is now in the final phase of certification with 2 commercial partners. The Commercial Crew Program is made up of 7 divisions, each working rigorously with the commercial providers to complete the certification phase. One of these 7 divisions is Systems Engineering and Integration (SE&I) which is partly comprised of the Safety Technical Review Board (STRB). The STRB is primarily concerned with mitigating improbable, but catastrophic hazards. It does this by identifying, managing, and tracking these hazards in reports. With the STRB being in SE&I, it significantly contributes to the overall certification of the partners' vehicles. After the partners receive agency certification approval, they will have the capability to provide the U.S. with a reliable, safe, and cost-effective means of human spaceflight and cargo transport to the ISS and back.

  19. Design, Construction, and Use of a Single Board Computer Beowulf Cluster: Application of the Small-Footprint, Low-Cost, InSignal 5420 Octa Board

    OpenAIRE

    Cusick, James J.; Miller, William; Laurita, Nicholas; Pitt, Tasha

    2014-01-01

    In recent years development in the area of Single Board Computing has been advancing rapidly. At Wolters Kluwer's Corporate Legal Services Division a prototyping effort was undertaken to establish the utility of such devices for practical and general computing needs. This paper presents the background of this work, the design and construction of a 64 core 96 GHz cluster, and their possibility of yielding approximately 400 GFLOPs from a set of small footprint InSignal boards created for just o...

  20. 7 CFR 1219.33 - Subsequent nomination and appointment of Board members and alternates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HASS AVOCADO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Hass Avocado Promotion, Research, and Information Order The Hass Avocado Board § 1219.33 Subsequent nomination and appointment of...

  1. Citizen advisory boards: An empirical model for choosing goals and methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kunsberg, P.

    1994-12-01

    This is a study of Citizen Advisory Boards (CABS) undertaken for the Department of Energy (DOE) to draw practical insights from the accumulated experience of CAB members and agency officials who have worked with these boards over many years. Hence the main research tool is in-depth interviews of these individuals. In addition, the study relies on field observations of CABs at work, historical documentation of individual boards, and a large body of academic, professional, and government literature. The DOE is in the process of establishing Site Specific Advisory Boards (SSABs) at most of its major facilities in order to provide for community involvement in the DOE environmental restoration and environmental management programs, but these boards initiated by DOE do not yet have enough of a track-record for a study of this type. Consequently, the study focused on CABs at six other federal agencies which have had substantial experience with boards that are similar in composition and purpose to the SSABs. The study examined common problem that confront virtually every CAB in its organization and its decision-making process. For example, each board faces difficult issues in defining its goals and representational responsibilities, selection of members, selection of issues, reaching agreement on recommendations to the parent agency, getting responsive action from the parent agency, and evaluating the board`s success over time. An effort was made to identify solutions or best approaches to these fundamental problems such that the recommended approach has broad application to citizen advisory boards concerned with environmental issues. The conclusions of the study are summarized in a model which incorporates the optimal approaches discovered with respect to each of the critical issues. While acknowledging that the particular circumstances of a CAB may call for individual variations, the model provides a fairly comprehensive description of recommended features of a CAB.

  2. Waste printed circuit board recycling techniques and product utilization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hadi, Pejman; Xu, Meng [Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Department, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay Road, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (Hong Kong); Lin, Carol S.K. [School of Energy and Environment, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (Hong Kong); Hui, Chi-Wai [Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Department, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay Road, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (Hong Kong); McKay, Gordon, E-mail: kemckayg@ust.hk [Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Department, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay Road, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (Hong Kong); Division of Sustainable Development, College of Science, Engineering and Technology, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Qatar Foundation, Doha (Qatar)

    2015-02-11

    Highlights: • There is a major environmental issue about the printed circuit boards throughout the world. • Different physical and chemical recycling techniques have been reviewed. • Nonmetallic fraction of PCBs is the unwanted face of this waste stream. • Several applications of the nonmetallic fraction of waste PCBs have been introduced. - Abstract: E-waste, in particular waste PCBs, represents a rapidly growing disposal problem worldwide. The vast diversity of highly toxic materials for landfill disposal and the potential of heavy metal vapors and brominated dioxin emissions in the case of incineration render these two waste management technologies inappropriate. Also, the shipment of these toxic wastes to certain areas of the world for eco-unfriendly “recycling” has recently generated a major public outcry. Consequently, waste PCB recycling should be adopted by the environmental communities as an ultimate goal. This article reviews the recent trends and developments in PCB waste recycling techniques, including both physical and chemical recycling. It is concluded that the physical recycling techniques, which efficiently separate the metallic and nonmetallic fractions of waste PCBs, offer the most promising gateways for the environmentally-benign recycling of this waste. Moreover, although the reclaimed metallic fraction has gained more attention due to its high value, the application of the nonmetallic fraction has been neglected in most cases. Hence, several proposed applications of this fraction have been comprehensively examined.

  3. Waste printed circuit board recycling techniques and product utilization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • There is a major environmental issue about the printed circuit boards throughout the world. • Different physical and chemical recycling techniques have been reviewed. • Nonmetallic fraction of PCBs is the unwanted face of this waste stream. • Several applications of the nonmetallic fraction of waste PCBs have been introduced. - Abstract: E-waste, in particular waste PCBs, represents a rapidly growing disposal problem worldwide. The vast diversity of highly toxic materials for landfill disposal and the potential of heavy metal vapors and brominated dioxin emissions in the case of incineration render these two waste management technologies inappropriate. Also, the shipment of these toxic wastes to certain areas of the world for eco-unfriendly “recycling” has recently generated a major public outcry. Consequently, waste PCB recycling should be adopted by the environmental communities as an ultimate goal. This article reviews the recent trends and developments in PCB waste recycling techniques, including both physical and chemical recycling. It is concluded that the physical recycling techniques, which efficiently separate the metallic and nonmetallic fractions of waste PCBs, offer the most promising gateways for the environmentally-benign recycling of this waste. Moreover, although the reclaimed metallic fraction has gained more attention due to its high value, the application of the nonmetallic fraction has been neglected in most cases. Hence, several proposed applications of this fraction have been comprehensively examined

  4. An Opportunity for Board Development: The Director-Board Relationship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gadzikowski, Ann; Lipton, Linda

    2004-01-01

    One of the very unique characteristics of child care boards is the prevalence of parent volunteers serving as board members. When parents serve as board members, a number of challenges are created. Because most parents do not have previous board experience and they are both clients as well as trustees, there is the potential for conflicts of…

  5. Statistics for Ranking Program Committees and Editorial Boards

    CERN Document Server

    da Silva, Roberto; de Lima, Jose Valdeni; Moreira, Viviane

    2010-01-01

    Ranking groups of researchers is important in several contexts and can serve many purposes such as the fair distribution of grants based on the scientist's publication output, concession of research projects, classification of journal editorial boards and many other applications in a social context. In this paper, we propose a method for measuring the performance of groups of researchers. The proposed method is called alpha-index and it is based on two parameters: (i) the homogeneity of the h-indexes of the researchers in the group; and (ii) the h-group, which is an extension of the h-index for groups. Our method integrates the concepts of homogeneity and absolute value of the h-index into a single measure which is appropriate for the evaluation of groups. We report on experiments that assess computer science conferences based on the h-indexes of their program committee members. Our results are similar to a manual classification scheme adopted by a research agency.

  6. Women on boards of directors and corporate philanthropic disaster response

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ming Jia; Zhe Zhang

    2012-01-01

    In this study we conduct firm-level analysis of the impact of women in the boardroom on corporate philanthropic disaster response(CPDR).We propose that CPDR contains agency costs and that female directors are more likely to restrain the associated agency costs of CPDR.We predict a negative relationship between the ratio of women on boards of directors(WoBs) and philanthropic contribution,which is weaker in firms with political connections and stronger in firms with better-developed institutional environments.Data was collected from the philanthropic responses to the Wenchuan earthquake on May 12,2008 of privately-owned listed Chinese firms.The results support the hypothesized negative relationship,which is found to be weaker in firms with political connections.However,marketization-related factors do not significantly moderate this relationship.These results indicate that CPDR contains agency costs and that female directors do not facilitate the corporate donation process,but rather evaluate the benefits and restrain the associated agency costs.

  7. Corporate Governance and Corporate Social Performance: The Influence of Boards, Ownership and Institutions

    OpenAIRE

    Kurt A. Desender; Mircea Epure

    2015-01-01

    We analyze how ownership concentration and type, and board independence are related to corporate social performance (CSP). Drawing from agency and team production theories, we argue that the distribution of costs and benefits to shareholders and other stakeholders is crucial to understand what drives CSP. We analyze an international panel of listed firms and reveal that CSP is negatively related to ownership concentration, but positively to board independence. Furthermore, the ownership type ...

  8. Corporate governance and corporate social performance: The influence of ownership, boards and institutions

    OpenAIRE

    Kurt A. Desender; Epure, Mircea

    2013-01-01

    We analyze how ownership concentration and type, and board independence are related to corporate social performance (CSP). Drawing from agency and team production theories, we argue that the distribution of costs and benefits to shareholders and other stakeholders is crucial to understand what drives CSP. We analyze an international panel of listed firms and reveal that CSP is negatively related to ownership concentration, but positively to board independence. Furthermore, the ownership type ...

  9. International standards for optical circuit board fabrication, assembly and measurement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pitwon, Richard; Immonen, Marika; Wang, Kai; Itoh, Hideo; Shioda, Tsuyoshi; Wu, Jinhua; Zhu, Long Xiu; Yan, Hui Juan; Worrall, Alex

    2016-03-01

    The commercial adoption of electro-optical printed circuit board (EOCB) technology will be accelerated by the development of industrial and conformity standards for high volume fabrication, connector assembly and waveguide measurement. In this paper, we introduce international standardisation activities surrounding EOCBs and report on industrial processes developed for the high volume fabrication of complex EOCBs with embedded multimode polymer waveguides including a first connector standard for polymer waveguide termination. We focus on solving a serious historic problem with the measurement of optical waveguide systems, namely the lack of harmonised measurement conditions for optical waveguides, which to this day gives rise to strong inconsistencies in the results of measurements by different parties on the same waveguide. We report on the development of a standard to ensure repeatable measurement of optical waveguides, whereby we demonstrate how the application of a measurement identification system and proposed reference measurement conditions can bring variation in measurement results to within 5%, thereby serving as the basis for a formal reliable optical waveguide measurement methodology.

  10. Board of Directors or Supervisory Board

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2009-01-01

    The article analyses the legal consequences of the choice now available to Danish public limited companies, which can now opt for a two-tier management structure, in which the management board undertakes both the day-to-day and the overall management, while a supervisory board exercises control o...

  11. BOARD DIVERSITY AND GENDER COMPOSITION ON CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND FIRM REPUTATION IN INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Farah Margaretha; Ratna Isnaini

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to find out the impact of board diversity and gender composition on CSR performance and firm reputation. This study also revealed the role of CSR performance as a mediator in the impact of board diversity, gender composition, and firm reputation. Samples were chosen from companies awarded Indonesia’s Best Wealth Creator Award for year 2010–2012 by SWA Magazine, Indonesia, using purposive sampling. This study showed that CSR performance and gender composition had ...

  12. Comparison of Multiple-Choice Questions in Quality Parameters of Pediatric Residency Tests between the Pre-Board Examination of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences and National Board Examination in 2007 and 2011

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Barzegar; Nemat Bilan; Mohammad Hassan Karegar Maher; Siamak Shiva; Manizheh Sayyah Melli; Aydin Tabrizi

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: The objective of this study was to compare Multiple-Choice Questions (MCQs) quality parameters of pediatric residency tests between the pre-board examinations of Tabriz University of Medical Science (TUMS), Tabriz, Iran and the national board examination in 2007 and 2011. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated the format of 300 MCQs in the pre-board examination of TUMS and the format of 300 MCQs of the national board examination in pediatric residency. Individual M...

  13. Use of Commercial FPGA-Based Evaluation Boards for Single-Event Testing of DDR2 and DDR3 SDRAMs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ladbury, R. L.; Berg, M. D.; Wilcox, E. P.; LaBel, K. A.; Kim, H. S.; Phan, A. M.; Seidleck, C. M.

    2013-01-01

    We investigate the use of commercial FPGA based evaluation boards for radiation testing DDR2 and DDR3 SDRAMs. We evaluate the resulting data quality and the tradeoffs involved in the use of these boards.

  14. Control and Operation of the LHCb Readout Boards Using Embedded Microcontrollers and the PVSS II

    CERN Document Server

    Köstner, Stefan

    2006-01-01

    LHCb is one of the four experiments at the Large Hadron Collider. Before final reconstruction of the data in PC farms, high speed preprocessing is performed on a set of a few hundred custom electronics boards employing large modern field programmable gate array (FPGA) driven electronics. The local control of these boards is achieved via an embedded microcontroller which is connected to a large Local Area Network. After a brief introduction to the hardware we summarize the implementation of the entire layered software architecture for the readout boards and its integration into the Experiment Control System, which is built upon a common control framework based on an industrial SCADA system. Abstraction of different access modes and separation from the modeling of the components in the control system allow the reuse of various components on different hardware types. Each board has several hundreds of registers and memory blocks, so the optimization of write and read accesses is crucial for the s...

  15. Atomic Energy Control Board and its role in the regulation of uranium and thorium mining

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This brief, presented to the Northwest Territories legislative hearings into uranium exploration, provides an overview of the jurisdictional role and regulatory philosophy of the Atomic Energy Control Board in uranium mining in Canada

  16. Essays on Financing and Performance: The role of firms, banks and boards

    OpenAIRE

    Fliers, Philip

    2016-01-01

    markdownabstractThe way firms and their boards interact with their shareholders or financiers is a difficult balancing act. How firms, banks and board fulfil their role has a significant impact on corporate financing decisions and performance. In three studies, this dissertation combines studies in economic history with contemporary research in corporate finance. The first study investigate the determinants of this bank distress in the Netherlands during the 1920s. During this period the Dutc...

  17. Board independence and operating performance: Analysis on (French) company and individual data

    OpenAIRE

    Cavaco, Sandra; Challe, Edouard; Crifo, Patricia; Rebérioux, Antoine; Roudaut, Gwenael

    2014-01-01

    While often criticized, independence remains the ultimate criterion for evaluating board composition, whether for regulators or shareholder activists. In this study, we examine the relationship between board independence and firm operating performance in a panel of French listed companies, paying particular attention to heterogeneity and endogeneity concerns. We take advantage of an original database, with a time-series dimension that can be used to mitigate heterogeneity and dynamic endogene...

  18. Board Certification in Counseling Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowley, Susan L.; Lichtenberg, James W.; Pollard, Jeffrey W.

    2012-01-01

    Although specialty board certification by the American Board of Professional Psychology (ABPP) has been a valued standard for decades, the vast majority of counseling psychologists do not pursue board certification in the specialty. The present article provides a brief history of board certification in general and some historical information about…

  19. Operation and profits of energy boards. A study of the basis of municipal business activities and the equitableness of the profits of municipal energy boards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of the empirical part of the study (Chapter 6) is to evaluate the equitableness of profits on capital invested of the 16 municipal energy boards selected for this study and, at the same time, to create a general evaluation basis for equity decisions made by the authorities case by case. In this part of the study, answers are sought for the following questions: (1) how has the economic situation of the energy boards studied been recently developing based on various economic parameters? (2) have there been differences in the returns and profitability of energy boards operating as public utilities or energy boards operating in company form? (3) what kind of a price level the energy boards studied have maintained in relation to the national averages of this field? (4) is a city in a weaker economic position more tempted to require higher profits on capital invested than a city with a sound economic basis? (5) how high profits on capital invested can be considered reasonable for the whole energy board and particularly for a network business holding a monopoly? The structure of the study is as follows. Chapter 2 contains a brief description of the energy boards selected for this study and of the economic situation of the cities owning them. The theoretical part of the study is included in Chapter 3 'Municipal Self-Government and Business'. It analyses rather deeply the terminology of the municipal business, norm basis, steering of actions, restructuring of companies into business profit centres and privatisation, as well as application of the Act on Restrictions on Competition from the standpoint of a municipal self-government. Chapter 4 deals with the establishment of energy board activity, the legal basis and the criteria for pricing electricity, network services and district heat. Chapter 5 examines the Act on Restrictions on Competition as a regulator of the energy board activities. After this, there are the presentations of the research results of the

  20. New Strategies of Control: Academic Freedom and Research Ethics Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Magda

    2008-01-01

    This article, detailing the implications of "ethics drift" for critical work in the academy, reports on an ethics challenge to a non-research-based scholarly text. It analyzes how General Research Ethics Boards (GREBs) can threaten academic freedom when they lack a clear definition of "human subject" research, fail to distinguish between empirical…

  1. A study of liberation and separation process of metals from printed circuit boards (PCBs) scrap

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since the metallic elements are covered with or encapsulated by various plastic or ceramic materials on printed circuit boards, a mechanical pre-treatment process allowing their liberation and separation is first needed in order to facilitate their efficient extraction with hydrometallurgy route. Even though many studies have been performed on the mechanical pre-treatment processing for the liberation and separation of the metallic components of printed circuit boards scrap, further studies are required to pave the way for efficient recycling of waste printed circuit boards through a combination of mechanical pre-treatment and hydrometallurgical technology. In this work, a fundamental study has been carried out on the mechanical pre-treatment that is necessary to recover metallic concentrates from printed circuit boards scraps. The most important problem is to separate or release particles from the associated gangue minerals at the possible liberation particle size. The distribution of metallic elements has been also investigated in relation to the particle size of the milled printed circuit boards. The samples of printed circuit boards were separated into the magnetic and non-magnetic fractions by Rare-earth Roll Magnetic separator. Thereafter, the magnetic and non-magnetic fractions were separated to heavy fraction (metallic elements) and light fraction (plastic) by Mozley Laboratory Table Separator. The recovery ratios and the evaluation of the metallic concentrates recovered by each separation process were also investigated. This study is expected to provide useful data for the efficient mechanical separation of metallic components from printed circuit boards scraps. (author)

  2. Institutional Investors on Boards and Audit Committees and Their Effects on Financial Reporting Quality

    OpenAIRE

    Pucheta Martínez, María Consuelo; García Meca, Emma

    2014-01-01

    Manuscript Type Empirical Research Question/Issue This study examines how the presence of representatives of institutional investors as directors on boards or on audit committees enhances financial reporting quality, reducing the probability that the firm receives qualified audit reports. We focus on directors who maintain business relations with the firm on whose board or committee they sit (pressure-sensitive directors). We also investigate the specific role of bank directors and examine th...

  3. Board of Commisioner Duality Role, Governance and Earnings Management of Initial Public Offerings in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Widi Prasetiawati

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Public firm is required to implement good corporate governance as assurance to reduce information asymmetry between firm and its stockholders. Corporate governance mechanism should be able to limit any improper actions of the firm’s management. This study investigates whether the duality role of the board affects earnings management practice of firms making initial public offering at Indonesian Stock Exchange. The study also examines other corporate governance mechanism factors, namely the number of board of commission-ners, the proportion of independent board of commissioners, size of firm, financial leverage, and profitability. Earnings management was measured using Cross-Sectional Modified Jones model. The study employs a total of 60 firms that went public from 2000 to 2006. The results show that duality status of board of commissioners positively and significantly affects earnings management in IPO firms. This could be interpreted that board of directors with duality role had a lower function in monitoring the firms’ performance so that management have opportunity to manage reported earnings. When board of commissioners have dual role, the level of earnings management is getting intense, and vice versa. Size of board of commissioners and profitability are positively related to earnings management.

  4. 12 CFR 987.2 - Law governing rights and obligations of Banks, Finance Board, Office of Finance, United States...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., Finance Board, Office of Finance, United States and Federal Reserve Banks; rights of any Person against Banks, Finance Board, Office of Finance, United States and Federal Reserve Banks. 987.2 Section 987.2 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD OFFICE OF FINANCE BOOK-ENTRY PROCEDURE FOR...

  5. 12 CFR 900.1 - Basic terms relating to the Finance Board, the Bank System and related entities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Basic terms relating to the Finance Board, the Bank System and related entities. 900.1 Section 900.1 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD GENERAL DEFINITIONS GENERAL DEFINITIONS APPLYING TO ALL FINANCE BOARD REGULATIONS § 900.1 Basic...

  6. Citizen advisory boards: An empirical model for choosing goals and methods

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is a study of Citizen Advisory Boards (CABS) undertaken for the Department of Energy (DOE) to draw practical insights from the accumulated experience of CAB members and agency officials who have worked with these boards over many years. Hence the main research tool is in-depth interviews of these individuals. In addition, the study relies on field observations of CABs at work, historical documentation of individual boards, and a large body of academic, professional, and government literature. The DOE is in the process of establishing Site Specific Advisory Boards (SSABs) at most of its major facilities in order to provide for community involvement in the DOE environmental restoration and environmental management programs, but these boards initiated by DOE do not yet have enough of a track-record for a study of this type. Consequently, the study focused on CABs at six other federal agencies which have had substantial experience with boards that are similar in composition and purpose to the SSABs. The study examined common problem that confront virtually every CAB in its organization and its decision-making process. For example, each board faces difficult issues in defining its goals and representational responsibilities, selection of members, selection of issues, reaching agreement on recommendations to the parent agency, getting responsive action from the parent agency, and evaluating the board's success over time. An effort was made to identify solutions or best approaches to these fundamental problems such that the recommended approach has broad application to citizen advisory boards concerned with environmental issues. The conclusions of the study are summarized in a model which incorporates the optimal approaches discovered with respect to each of the critical issues. While acknowledging that the particular circumstances of a CAB may call for individual variations, the model provides a fairly comprehensive description of recommended features of a CAB

  7. Editorial Board

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    2012-2016 The World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery Editorial Board consists of 341 members,representing a team of worldwide experts in pediatrics.They are from 37 countries,including Australia(6),Austria(2),Belgium(6),Brazil(9),Bulgaria(2),Canada(8),China(29),Denmark(1),Finland(2),France(9),Germany(21),Greece(7),India(11),Ireland(3),Israel(3),Italy(50),Jamaica(1),Japan(47),Lithuania(1),Malaysia(1),Netherlands(11),Pakistan(1),Poland(1),Portugal(1),Russia(1),Saudi Arabia(1),Serbia(2),Singapore(5),South Korea(8),Spain(5),Sweden(2),Switzerland(3),Thailand(2),Tunisia(1),Turkey(8),United Kingdom(11),and United States(59).

  8. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission Staff Practice and Procedure Digest. Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972-December 1985. Digest No. 4, Revision No. 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Revision 2 of the fourth edition of the NRC Staff Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period July 1, 1972 to December 31, 1985, interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2. This Revision 2 replaces in part earlier editions and supplements and includes appropriate changes reflecting the amendment to the Rules of Practice effective December 31, 1985. Topics covered include prehearing and posthearing matters, herings, appeals, and general matters

  9. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff practice and procedure digest: Commission, Appeal Board, and Licensing Board decisions issued from July 1, 1972 through March 31, 1986

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A digest is given of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period from July 1, 1972 to March 31, 1986, interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice. Parts of earlier editions and supplements are replaced, and amendments to the Rules of Practice effective through March 31, 1986 are reflected. The material included deals with applications, prehearing matters, hearings, post-hearing matters, appeals, and decisions related to general matters. Decisions are indexed by facility, citation, CFR, statutes, case law, and other legal citations

  10. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission Staff practice and procedure digest: Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board Decisions, July 1972-March 1987

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Revision 7 of the fourth edition of the NRC Staff Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period from July 1, 1972 to March 31, 1987 interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2. This Revision 7 replaces in part earlier editions and supplements and includes appropriate changes reflecting the amendments to the Rules of Practice effective through March 31, 1987

  11. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff practice and procedure digest: Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972--September 1988

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Revision 1 of the fifth edition of the NRC Staff Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period from July 1, 1972 to September 30, 1988 interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2. This Revision 1 replaces in part earlier editions and supplements and includes appropriate changes reflecting the amendments to the Rules of Practice effective through September 30, 1988

  12. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff practice and procedure digest. Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972-September 1985. Digest No. 4, Revision No. 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Revision 1 of the fourth edition of the NRC Staff Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period from July 1, 1972 to September 30, 1985 interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2. This Revision 1 replaces earlier editions and supplements and includes appropriate changes reflecting the admendments to the Rules of Practice effective through September 20, 1985

  13. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff practice and procedure digest: Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972--December 1989

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Revision 6 of the fifth edition of the NRC Staff Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period from July 1, 1972 to December 31, 1989 interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2. This Revision 6 replaces in part earlier editions and revisions and includes appropriate changes reflecting the amendments to the Rules of Practice effective through December 31, 1989

  14. United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission Staff Practice and Procedure Digest: Commission, Appeal Board and Licensing Board decisions, July 1972-December 1986

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Revision 6 of the fourth edition of the NRC Staff Practice and Procedure Digest contains a digest of a number of Commission, Atomic Safety and Licensing Appeal Board, and Atomic Safety and Licensing Board decisions issued during the period from July 1, 1972 to December 31, 1986, interpreting the NRC's Rules of Practice in 10 CFR Part 2. This Revision 6 replaces in part earlier editions and supplements and includes appropriate changes reflecting the amendments to the Rules of Practice effective through December 31, 1986

  15. The Dutch Female Board Index 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Lückerath – Rovers, M.

    2010-01-01

    The Dutch Female Board Index 2010 shows for the fourth year a survey of female representation on the Executive Boards and Supervisory Boards of 99 Dutch NVs listed on Euronext Amsterdam. The companies were classified by the percentage of women in their joint Executive Board and Supervisory Board. The Dutch ‘Female Board Index 'also gives an analysis of the differences between male and female directors and between companies with or without female representation on the Eexcutive Board and/or Su...

  16. On-Board Engine Exhaust Particulate Matter Sensor for HCCI and Conventional Diesel Engines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hall, Matt; Matthews, Ron

    2011-09-30

    The goal of the research was to refine and complete development of an on-board particulate matter (PM) sensor for diesel, DISI, and HCCI engines, bringing it to a point where it could be commercialized and marketed.

  17. 12 CFR 1710.16 - Prohibition of extensions of credit to board members and executive officers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... ENTERPRISE OVERSIGHT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SAFETY AND SOUNDNESS CORPORATE GOVERNANCE Corporate Practices and Procedures § 1710.16 Prohibition of extensions of credit to board members...

  18. 75 FR 43943 - Defense Science Board; Task Force on Nuclear Treaty Monitoring and Verification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-27

    ... anticipated directions in nonproliferation and arms control agreements and the environments in which they... Official will review all timely submissions with the Defense Science Board Chairperson, and ensure they...

  19. Awards Breakfast for Inventions and Contributions Board (ICB), Glenn Alliance for Technology Exchang

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    Awards Breakfast for Inventions and Contributions Board (ICB), Glenn Alliance for Technology Exchange (GATE), Technology Transfer and Partnership Office (TTP), and Research & Development (R&D) 100 Award Winners

  20. Content Analysis and Readibility Formulas as Applied To The Accounting Principles Board "Opinions"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stead, Bette Ann

    1977-01-01

    Discusses a study analyzing twenty-four of the Accounting Principles Board "Opinions" (APB Opinions) and concludes that the APB context is very difficult to read and understand for both accounting and nonaccounting majors. (MH)

  1. Locks and raspberries: a comparative study of single-board computers for access control

    OpenAIRE

    Romin, Andreas

    2016-01-01

    Over the past decade, there has been a drastic development of the single-board computer market. These computers are now in a position where they can compete with classic embedded hardware. Such fast improvement has led ASSA ABLOY, a well-known lock and security company, to see value in replacing some of their existing access control hardware with an off-the-shelf single-board computer. Therefore, a comparative study of single-board computers was performed for this company. Some of the compare...

  2. Hospital board infrastructure and functions: the role of governance in financial performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Culica, Dan; Prezio, Elizabeth

    2009-03-01

    Increased stake of boards in the leadership of the hospitals makes them play a significant role in the financial health of their institutions. Understanding of the correct approach to successfully fulfill this purpose is critical for preparing their organizations for positioning adequately in the health care market. Governmental agencies and public companies, including insurers, will be interested in the extent to which hospital boards have adopted the provisions of accounting reform laws like those introduced by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. It will remain for the boards to balance their oversight role for financial performance with the pressures of financial accountability. PMID:19440418

  3. Hospital Board Infrastructure and Functions: The Role of Governance in Financial Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Increased stake of boards in the leadership of the hospitals makes them play a significant role in the financial health of their institutions. Understanding of the correct approach to successfully fulfill this purpose is critical for preparing their organizations for positioning adequately in the health care market. Governmental agencies and public companies, including insurers, will be interested in the extent to which hospital boards have adopted the provisions of accounting reform laws like those introduced by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. It will remain for the boards to balance their oversight role for financial performance with the pressures of financial accountability.

  4. Fractionation of extracts from paper and board food contact materials forin vitroscreening of toxicity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bengtström, Linda; Trier, Xenia; Granby, Kit;

    2014-01-01

    Paper and board used as food contact materials (FCMs) are chemically complex matrices, partly due to the naturally occurring substances in paper and board, but also due to the chemical treatment of the paper used to make it suitable for food contact. In order to assure the safety of packaging...... materials, information on the exposure as well as on the toxicity of substances in the packaging must be obtained. This study describes a comprehensive method for the extraction and fractionation of substances present in paper and board FCMs for further investigation by in vitro testing and chemical...... analysis. The extraction efficiency and the fractionation process were validated by determining recoveries in extracts from paper and board fortified with five surrogates of known concentration. The recoveries for the five surrogates were between 20% and 104% in the raw extract and between 21% and 109...

  5. Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel annual report, Fiscal year 1992

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Fiscal Year 1992, the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel (''the Panel'') handled 38 proceedings. The cases addressed issues in the construction, operation, and maintenance of commercial nuclear power reactors and other activities requiring a license from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. This reports sets out the Panel's caseload during the year and summarizes, highlights, and analyzes how the wide-ranging issues raised in those proceedings were addressed by the Panel's judges and licensing boards

  6. 78 FR 6332 - Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-30

    ... second subcommittee to assess similar issues with respect to information technology including evaluation... for Special Medical Programs. BILLING CODE 4160-01-P ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration; Notice...

  7. 78 FR 9455 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board, Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-08

    .... Regenerative Medicine......... February 26-27, Paralyzed Veterans of 2013. America. Career Development Award... AFFAIRS Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board, Notice of Meeting.... App. 2, that the subcommittees of the Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific...

  8. [National Academies' Board on Mathematical Sciences and their Application] Final technical report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scott T. Weidman

    2005-01-11

    The National Academies' Board on Mathematical Sciences and their Applications (BMSA) is a primary interface between the research enterprise and federal agencies that rely on the mathematical sciences. The Board provides objective and authoritative advice on how best to apply the tools of mathematics, statistics, operations research, financial engineering, computational modeling, computational science, information analysis, and decision analysis to practical problems of national importance. In so doing, the Board strengthens the policy-making process and increases the visibility of, and appreciation for, the mathematical sciences while also identifying growth areas for the discipline. The Board consists of 18 pro bono experts from a broad range of quantitative fields, with experience in academia, industry, and national laboratories.

  9. A survey of the institutional and operational aspects of modern-day currency boards

    OpenAIRE

    Corrinne Ho

    2002-01-01

    This paper surveys the institutional and operational features of the six modern currency boards. The survey is developed around three key aspects: organisation, operations and legal foundation. By laying out the facts, this survey seeks to shed light on how and why modern currency boards in practice are different from the classic definition, and to distil from their features an updated definition and the revised "rules of the game".

  10. Does the Rolodex Matter? Corporate Elite's Small World and the Effectiveness of Boards of Directors

    OpenAIRE

    Bang Dang Nguyen

    2012-01-01

    This paper investigates the impact of social ties on the effectiveness of boards of directors. When the chief executive officer (CEO) and a number of directors belong to the same social networks, the CEO is less likely to be dismissed for poor performance. The results are robust to different measures of performance and networks, and consistent after controlling for CEO ability and connected boards' superior information. Although being ousted is costly for all CEOs--who must then devote time t...

  11. Corporate Board Diversity in Malaysia: A Longitudinal Analysis of Gender and Nationality Diversity

    OpenAIRE

    Dalilawati Zainal; Norhayah Zulkifli; Zakiah Saleh

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the trend of gender and nationality diversity of corporate board in top 300 Malaysian public listed firms over a five-year period from year 2005 to 2009. It also identifies any significant difference in characteristics of firms with women and foreign directors and those without women and foreign directors. Based on the secondary data derived from firms’ annual report, a longitudinal descriptive analysis on the trend of board diversity is presented. Mann-Whitney U test is c...

  12. Board Size, Corporate Regulations and Firm Valuation in an Emerging Market: A Simultaneous Equation Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Ntim, Collins G; Opong, Kwaku K.; Danbolt, jo

    2014-01-01

    We investigate the association between board size and firm valuation for a sample of 169 firms from 2002 to 2011 in South Africa (SA). The SA corporate context is interestingly and uniquely characterised by greater urgency to meet affirmative action regulations, such as black empowerment in board appointments, limited qualified and experienced directors, especially black directors, concentrated ownership, weak enforcement of corporate regulations and greater government ownership. These featur...

  13. Board Monitoring, Regulation and Performance in the Banking Industry: Evidence from the Market for Corporate Control

    OpenAIRE

    Hagendorff, Jens; Collins, Michael; Keasey, Kevin

    2010-01-01

    Manuscript Type:EmpiricalResearch Question/Issue:The specific monitoring effect of boards of directors versus industry regulation is unclear. In this paper, we examine how the interaction between bank-level monitoring and regulatory regimes influences the announcement period returns of acquiring banks in the US and twelve European economies.Research Findings/Insights:We study three board monitoring mechanisms - independence, CEO-chair duality, and diversity - and analyze their effectiveness i...

  14. The role of the top management team and board in academic spin-offs

    OpenAIRE

    Bjørnåli, Ekaterina S.

    2010-01-01

    This report addresses the under-studied area of the role of the top management team and board of directors in the development of academic spin-off companies originating from universities and public research institutes. The questions addressed are as follows: • What are the distinctive team and board characteristics associated with successful academic spin-offs and what we can learn from this? (Section 5). • How can public government programs that aim to stimulate academic sp...

  15. Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel annual report, fiscal year 1989

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Fiscal Year 1989, the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel (ASLBP) handled 40 proceedings involving the construction, operation and maintenance of commercial nuclear power reactors or other activities requiring a license from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. This report summarizes, highlights and analyzes how the wide-ranging issues raised in these proceedings were addressed by the Judges and Licensing Boards of the ASLBP during the year. 5 figs., 3 tabs

  16. Increased clinic awareness and attitudes of independence through client advisory board membership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrison, J K; Yablonovitz, H

    1978-08-01

    In order to determine the effect of client advisory board membership on clients' awareness of a clinic, and on client attitudes of independence, the responses of 13 board members were compared with those of 13 matched controls on two self-report measures (Clinic Recognition Test, Client Independence Questionnaire) before and after 3-month periods. Analysis of the results indicated that, whereas the responses of controls did not significantly change on the Client Independence Questionnaire, the responses of board members indicated a significant increase in attitudes of independence. And, even though both board members and control clients significantly increased their awareness of clinic and staff over 3 months, the awareness of the broad members was significantly greater than that of the control clients. PMID:696698

  17. Legionella on board trains: effectiveness of environmental surveillance and decontamination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Quaranta Gianluigi

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Legionella pneumophila is increasingly recognised as a significant cause of sporadic and epidemic community-acquired and nosocomial pneumonia. Many studies describe the frequency and severity of Legionella spp. contamination in spa pools, natural pools, hotels and ships, but there is no study analysing the environmental monitoring of Legionella on board trains. The aims of the present study were to conduct periodic and precise environmental surveillance of Legionella spp. in water systems and water tanks that supply the toilet systems on trains, to assess the degree of contamination of such structures and to determine the effectiveness of decontamination. Methods A comparative pre-post ecological study was conducted from September 2006 to January 2011. A total of 1,245 water samples were collected from plumbing and toilet water tanks on passenger trains. The prevalence proportion of all positive samples was calculated. The unpaired t-test was performed to evaluate statistically significant differences between the mean load values before and after the decontamination procedures; statistical significance was set at p ≤ 0.05. Results In the pre-decontamination period, 58% of the water samples were positive for Legionella. Only Legionella pneumophila was identified: 55.84% were serogroup 1, 19.03% were serogroups 2–14 and 25.13% contained both serogroups. The mean bacterial load value was 2.14 × 103 CFU/L. During the post-decontamination period, 42.75% of water samples were positive for Legionella spp.; 98.76% were positive for Legionella pneumophila: 74.06% contained serogroup 1, 16.32% contained serogroups 2–14 and 9.62% contained both. The mean bacterial load in the post-decontamination period was 1.72 × 103 CFU/L. According to the t-test, there was a statistically significant decrease in total bacterial load until approximately one and a half year after beginning the decontamination programme (p

  18. MiBoard: Multiplayer Interactive Board Game

    CERN Document Server

    Dempsey, Kyle B; Jackson, G Tanner; Boonthum, Chutima; Levinstein, Irwin B; McNamara, Danielle S

    2010-01-01

    Serious games have recently emerged as an avenue for curriculum delivery. Serious games incorporate motivation and entertainment while providing pointed curriculum for the user. This paper presents a serious game, called MiBoard, currently being developed from the iSTART Intelligent Tutoring System. MiBoard incorporates a multiplayer interaction that iSTART was previously unable to provide. This multiplayer interaction produces a wide variation across game trials, while also increasing the repeat playability for users. This paper presents a demonstration of the MiBoard system and the expectations for its application.

  19. 76 FR 58049 - Atomic Safety and Licensing Board; Honeywell International, Inc.; Metropolis Works Uranium...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION Atomic Safety and Licensing Board; Honeywell International, Inc.; Metropolis Works Uranium... assurance for its Metropolis Works uranium conversion facility in Metropolis, Illinois. \\1\\ LBP-11-19,...

  20. Design and realization of a high productivity cluster-based network application reconfigurable accelerator board

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zeng Yu; Li Jun; Sun Ninghui; Wang Jie; Liu Zhaohui

    2008-01-01

    Improving processor frequency to strengthen massive data processing capability will lead to incremental server marginal costs and bring about a series of problems such as power consumption, management complexity, etc. Based on the field programmable gate array (FPGA), TCP offload engine (TOE), zero-copy and other key technologies, this paper describes the design and realization of a reconfigurable accelerator board. In this board, TCP/IP protocol will be moved to high-speed reconfigurable accelerator board. The packets will be labeled according to the protocol and submitted to the upper data processing software after IP-quintuple filtering in hardware. Reconfigurable accelerator board obtains higher performance speed-up compared with ordinary NIC card.

  1. 76 FR 72953 - Science Board to the Food and Drug Administration; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-28

    ... Innovation. The Science Board will also hear updates regarding the Scientific Computing/JANUS program, and..., orally or in writing, on issues pending before the committee. Written submissions may be made to...

  2. 78 FR 50144 - Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-16

    ... Career Development Award Program.... August 6, 2013........ VHA National Conference Center........... VHA National Conference Center. Career Development Award Program.... August 8, 2013........ VHA... AFFAIRS Rehabilitation Research and Development Service Scientific Merit Review Board; Notice of...

  3. Board Independence, Executive Pay Structures, and Pay Disclosure: Evidence from Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Muslu, Volkan

    2004-01-01

    Using a broad sample of the largest European companies, I examine whether the two governance mechanisms, namely (i) independent monitoring by a board of directors and (ii) grants and disclosures of incentive-based executive pay, are substitutes for one another. I find that companies with proportionately more executives on their boards of directors grant greater incentive-based pay to their executives, and improve the transparency of their pay disclosure. The findings are consistent with the e...

  4. Board composition and performance in Indian firms: A comparative analysis empirical

    OpenAIRE

    Chatterjee, Sh. D.

    2011-01-01

    This paper attempts to describe the relationship between board composition and performance in Indian firms. Indian firms have been classified into four groups-public sector undertakings (PSUs), stand-alone firms, private business group affiliated firms, and subsidiaries of foreign firms. The paper analyzes the relationship between the study and independent variables, using a multiple regression model. Results indicate that the larger boards are less efective in Indian firms, except in the cas...

  5. BOARD INDEPENDENCE, FAMILY CONTROL, AND PERFORMANCE IN TAIWANESE LISTED SEMICONDUCTOR COMPANIES

    OpenAIRE

    KWEH, QIAN LONG; KUO, KUO-CHENG; WANG, WEI-KANG; LIU, HSIAN-MING

    2015-01-01

    We examine the relationship between board independence, family control, and operating efficiency, and the moderating effect of family control on the relationship between board independence and operating efficiency. We apply the dynamic slacks-based measure (DSBM) model to estimate operating efficiency. Using a sample of 42 Taiwanese listed semiconductor companies for the period 2005-2012, we employ truncated regression with a bootstrapping procedure for multivariate analysis. The presence of ...

  6. Effects of Litigation Risk on Board Oversight and CEO Incentive Pay

    OpenAIRE

    Volker Laux

    2010-01-01

    Various commentators have praised the WorldCom and Enron settlements for holding outside directors personally liable, arguing that heightened director liability will induce greater board oversight. This paper shows that the connection between director liability and board behavior is more subtle, because directors have multiple means to respond to an increase in liability exposure: They can increase oversight to prevent accounting manipulation and/or reduce performance-based CEO pay to mitigat...

  7. Boards of Directors’ Contribution to Strategy: A Literature Review and Research Agenda

    OpenAIRE

    Pugliese, Amedeo; Bezemer, Pieter-Jan; Zattoni, Alessandro; Huse, Morten; Bosch, Frans; Volberda, Henk

    2009-01-01

    textabstractManuscript Type: Literature review. Research Question/Issue: Over the last four decades, research on the relationship between boards of directors and strategy has proliferated. Yet to date there is little theoretical and empirical agreement regarding the question of how boards of directors contribute to strategy. This review assesses the extant literature by highlighting emerging trends and identifying several avenues for future research. Research Findings/Insights: Using a conten...

  8. Diversity begets diversity? The effects of board composition on the appointment and success of women CEOs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, Alison; Glass, Christy

    2015-09-01

    Previous research on the effects of leadership diversity on firm outcomes has produced inconsistent and inconclusive findings. While some scholars argue that diversity increases organizational equity and enhances performance, others argue that diversity increases conflict, reduces cooperation and harms performance. This study tests the impact of a variety of compositional factors on firm outcomes. Specifically, we analyze whether and how board composition affects the advancement and mobility of women CEOs and firm performance. Our analysis relies on a unique data set of all Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) and Board of Directors (BODs) in Fortune 500 companies over a ten-year period. We find a marginally significant positive relationship between board diversity and the likelihood of a woman being appointed CEO. We further find that board diversity significantly and positively influences the post-promotion success of women CEOs. Our findings suggest that board composition is critical for the appointment and success of women CEOs, and increasing board diversity should be central to any organizational diversity efforts. PMID:26188443

  9. The differential approach to gender quotas in Spain : regulated politics and self-regulated corporate boards

    OpenAIRE

    VERGE, Tània; Lombardo, Emanuela

    2015-01-01

    In 2007 Spain introduced statutory electoral and corporate board gender quotas as part of a broader gender equality programme. These quotas greatly differ with regard to the parity criteria in use, the period of application, and the measures for promoting compliance or sanctioning non-compliance. Electoral quotas are by far the most successful ones. This paper seeks to tease out why corporate board quotas lag behind electoral gender quotas. To explain this differential approach to gender quot...

  10. Composition of the board and firm value of brazilian public companies

    OpenAIRE

    Enalto de Oliveira Gondrige; Ademir Clemente; Márcia Maria dos Santos Bortolocci Espejo

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between the composition of boards of directors of Brazilian public companies and the firm value. The analysis is conducted by reference to a group of 208 Brazilian companies listed on Bovespa in the year 2008. The contribution of the study is done to assess the level of adherence to the recommendations of the Brazilian Institute of Corporate Governance (IBGC) regarding the composition of the board and its relation to market value. U...

  11. Wii balance board exercise improves balance and lower limb muscle strength of overweight young adults

    OpenAIRE

    Siriphorn, Akkradate; Chamonchant, Dannaovarat

    2015-01-01

    [Purpose] The potential health benefits of the Nintendo Wii balance board exercise have been widely investigated. However, no study has been conducted to examine the benefits of Wii exercise for overweight young adults. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of exercise performed on a Nintendo Wii balance board on the balance and lower limb muscle strength in overweight young adults. [Subjects and Methods] Within-subject repeated measures analysis was used. Sixteen young adults (...

  12. A study on relationship between rewarding board of directors and share liquidity

    OpenAIRE

    Hassan Ghodrati; Gholamhassan Taghizad

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents an empirical investigation to study the relationship between the liquidity and the reward of board of directors on 136 selected firms listed on Tehran Stock Exchange over the period 2007-2011.The study considers nine different factors including return on assets (ROA), return on equities (ROE), Q-Tobin, changes of ROA and ROE, etc. In our study, there is a direct relationship between firm sizes with reward of board's directors. In addition, there is a direct relationship be...

  13. BOARD OF DIRECTORS, AUDIT COMMITTEE CHARACTERISTICS AND THE PERFORMANCE OF SAUDI ARABIA LISTED COMPANIES

    OpenAIRE

    Yahya Ali Al-Matari; Abdullah Kaid Al-Swidi; Faudziah Hanim Bt Fadzil Hanim Fadzil; Ebrahim Mohammed Al-Matari

    2012-01-01

    This study examines the relationship between the internal corporate governance mechanism related to the board of directors, the audit committee characteristics and the performance of the Saudi companies listed in the Saudi stock exchange (TADAWL) in 2010, excluding financial companies. The statistical results of the study are not in line with the agency theory that board of directors and audit committee might mitigate agency problems leading to reduced agency cost by aligning the interests of...

  14. Board of Directors, Audit Committee Characteristics and Performance of Saudi Arabia Listed Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Yahya Ali Al-Matari; Abdullah Kaid Al-Swidi; Faudziah Hanim Bt Fadzil; Ebrahim Mohammed Al-Matari

    2012-01-01

    This study examines the relationship between the internal corporate governance mechanism related to the board of directors, the audit committee characteristics and the performance of the Saudi companies listed in the Saudi stock exchange (TADAWL) in 2010, excluding financial companies. The statistical results of the study are not in line with the agency theory that board of directors and audit committee might mitigate agency problems leading to reduced agency cost by aligning the interests of...

  15. Palm board and verbal estimates of slant reflect the same perceptual representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaffer, Dennis M; Taylor, Ally; McManama, Eric; Thomas, Allyson; Smith, Echoe; Graves, Phil

    2016-02-01

    People verbally overestimate the orientation of slanted surfaces, but accurately estimate or underestimate slanted surfaces using a palm board. We demonstrate a fundamental issue that explains why the two different values typically given for palm board and verbal/visual matching estimates express similar perceptual representations of slanted surfaces. The fundamental problem in studies measuring palm board and verbal estimates is that the "measure"-either (1) reproducing a verbally given angle or the orientation of a slanted surface with an unseen hand or (2) verbally or visually estimating a visually perceived surface-has always been confounded with the "surface"-either using (1) a palm board or (2) a hill or ramp. Although reproduction has exclusively been used with palm boards in these studies, at the same time verbal estimation or visual matching has exclusively been used with hills/ramps. In three experiments, we showed that verbally estimating palm board orientations produces overestimates by a factor of 1.5, whereas reproducing the orientation of the surface of a ramp to verbally given angles produces gains of ~0.6. These values are similar to those seen for verbal overestimates of slanted surfaces, and to palm board gains for near surfaces and the relative palm-board-to-verbal gains for outdoor hills, respectively. Eliminating this confound eliminated the difference previously seen across surfaces. We discuss how and why different measures should produce different results if we overestimate slant in general and perceptually represent slant in the same way, both haptically and visually. PMID:26603041

  16. Building better boards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nadler, David A

    2004-05-01

    Companies facing new requirements for governance are scrambling to buttress financial-reporting systems, overhaul board structures--whatever it takes to comply. But there are limits to how much good governance can be imposed from the outside. Boards know what they ought to be: seats of challenge and inquiry that add value without meddling and make CEOs more effective but not all-powerful. A board can reach that goal only if it functions as a high-performance team, one that is competent, coordinated, collegial, and focused on an unambiguous goal. Such entities don't just evolve; they must be constructed to an exacting blueprint--what the author calls board building. In this article, Nadler offers an agenda and a set of tools that boards can use to define and achieve their objectives. It's important for a board to conduct regular self-assessments and to pay attention to the results of those analyses. As a first step, the directors and the CEO should agree on which of the following common board models best fits the company: passive, certifying, engaged, intervening, or operating. The directors and the CEO should then analyze which business tasks are most important and allot sufficient time and resources to them. Next, the board should take inventory of each director's strengths to ensure that the group as a whole possesses the skills necessary to do its work. Directors must exert more influence over meeting agendas and make sure they have the right information at the right time and in the right format to perform their duties. Finally, the board needs to foster an engaged culture characterized by candor and a willingness to challenge. An ambitious board-building process, devised and endorsed both by directors and by management, can potentially turn a good board into a great one. PMID:15146740

  17. Open field host selection and behavior by tamarisk beetles (Diorhabda spp.)(Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in biological control of exotic saltcedars (Tamarix spp.) and risks to non-target athel (T. aphylla) and native Frankenia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biological control of exotic, invasive saltcedars (Tamarix spp.) in the western USA involves releases of exotic saltcedar leaf beetles, Diorhabda elongata Brullé sensu lato. Adults in cages alight, feed and oviposit on athel (Tamarix aphylla), an evergreen cold-intolerant tree used for shade and as...

  18. Development and user evaluation of a virtual rehabilitation system for wobble board balance training

    OpenAIRE

    Fitzgerald, Diarmaid; Trakarnratanakul, Nanthana; Dunne, Lucy; Smyth, Barry; Caulfield, Brian

    2008-01-01

    We have developed a prototype virtual reality based balance training system using a single inertial orientation sensor attached to the upper surface of a wobble board. This input device has been interfaced with an open source computer game known as Neverball. Users can exercise with the system by standing on the wobble board and tilting it to control an on-screen environment. To evaluate the usability our prototype system we undertook a user evaluation study on twelve healthy novice participa...

  19. Hospital Board Infrastructure and Functions: The Role of Governance in Financial Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Culica, Dan; Prezio, Elizabeth

    2009-01-01

    Increased stake of boards in the leadership of the hospitals makes them play a significant role in the financial health of their institutions. Understanding of the correct approach to successfully fulfill this purpose is critical for preparing their organizations for positioning adequately in the health care market. Governmental agencies and public companies, including insurers, will be interested in the extent to which hospital boards have adopted the provisions of accounting reform laws lik...

  20. Diversity of the DAX30 Executive Board Members: Aspiration and Reality

    OpenAIRE

    Stefan Weinert

    2012-01-01

    Diversity becomes increasingly important for German companies. Accordingly, the topic stands out prominently in company communications. If diversity has such a high importance it will be assumed that diversity should exist particularly on executive board level. After all, this body leads companies’ employees by example. Multiple diversity criteria were applied to investigate the diversity of the DAX30 executive board members. The results of this study and their implications are presented in t...