Sample records for blizhajshej zony chaes

  1. Legitimacy of private police in developed, emerging, and transitional economies / Mahesh K. Nalla, Sheila R. Maxwell, Chae M. Mamayek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nalla, Mahesh K.


    Elanike madalast usaldusest riigivõimu vastu ja sellest tulenevalt suuremast vajadusest erateenuste järele. Uuringust kõrge ja madala demokraatlikkusega riikidest ning usaldusest erapolitsei ja riiklike turvateenuste vastu

  2. Identification of 32 major histocompatibility complex class I alleles in African green monkeys. (United States)

    Cao, Y; Li, A; Li, L; Yan, X; Fa, Y; Zeng, L; Fan, J; Liu, B; Sun, Z


    The African green monkey may be an ideal replacement for the rhesus monkey in biomedical research, but relatively little is known about the genetic background of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules. In analysis of 12 African green monkeys, 13 Chae-A and 19 Chae-B alleles were identified. Among these alleles, 12 Chae-A and 9 Chae-B were new lineages. The full amino acid length deduced for Chae-A genes is 365 amino acids, but for Chae-B genes, the lengths are 365, 362, 361, and 359 amino acids, respectively. There were 1-3 Chae-A alleles and 2-5 Chae-B alleles in each animal. In African green monkeys, rhesus monkeys, and cynomolgus monkeys, the MHC-A and MHC-B alleles display trans-species polymorphism, rather than being clustered in a species-specific fashion. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  3. High mobility polymer gated organic field effect transistor using zinc ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Mater. Sci., Vol. 37, No. 1, February 2014, pp. 95–99. c Indian Academy of Sciences. High mobility polymer gated organic field effect transistor using zinc phthalocyanine. K R RAJESH. ∗. , V KANNAN, M R KIM, Y S CHAE and J K RHEE. Millimeter- Wave Innovation Technology Research Centre (MINT), Dongguk University,.

  4. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. V Kannan. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 37 Issue 1 February 2014 pp 95-99. High mobility polymer gated organic field effect transistor using zinc phthalocyanine · K R Rajesh V Kannan M R Kim Y S Chae J K Rhee · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.



    unit engagement was more important than worship, liturgies and rites and even more important than providing for the religious freedom of Airmen.12...better than we found it. I wish to thank Major Erica Fountain, Ch, Maj Christian Chae, Ch, Capt Matthew Streett, Ch, Maj Marshall MacClellan, Maj Kevin

  6. Vascular administration of adenoviral vector soaked in absorbable gelatin sponge particles (GSP) prolongs the transgene expression in hepatocytes. (United States)

    Park, Byeong-Ho; Lee, Jin-Hwa; Jeong, Jin-Sook; Rha, Seo-Hee; Kim, Seung-Eun; Kim, Jae-Seok; Kim, Jeong-Man; Hwang, Tae-Ho


    Transcatheter hepatic arterial chemoembolization using emulsions composed of anticancer agents and gelatin sponges (GS) has been an efficient and safe palliative treatment for inoperable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We employed catheter-mediated left hepatic arterial embolization (CHAE) to increase transduction efficiency of adenoviral vector in canine hepatocytes. The emulsion was prepared by mixing pieces of GSP and adenoviral vectors expressing recombinant beta-galactosidase (Ad.LacZ) or human hepatocyte growth factor (Ad.hHGF). After the left hepatic artery was catheterized under angiography, CHAE with Ad.LacZ or Ad.hHGF was performed. Livers were removed and stained for LacZ activity on day 7. The expression pattern of LacZ staining was either scarce or patchy around the central hilum of the hepatic artery, or was homogeneously distributed in whole lobes, depending on whether large or small pieces of GSP were used. Hematological and serum biochemical changes during CHAE exhibited only a few effects. The chronological measurement of serum HGF concentration showed that the duration of transgene expression was greater after CHAE with Ad.hHGF. A similar pattern of transgene expression was observed in a rat model after hepatic arterial embolization with differential doses of Ad.hHGF soaked in GSP. These results suggest that hepatic arterial embolization by transcatheter mediated infusion with a mixture of adenovirus-GSP could be used for human HCC.

  7. Liver transplantation for viral hepatitis - which patients will benefit?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Practice of Blood Transfusion. 2nd ed. New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1989;. 667-668. 2. Mollison Plo Blood Transfusion in Clinical Medicine. 6th ed. Oxford: Blackwell. Scientific, 1979; 654-660. 3. Chae Q-L, Kuo G, Weiner AJ, et al. Isolation of cDNA clone derived from a blood borne non-A non-B viral hepatitis genome.

  8. Poly(alkylene oxide) Copolymers for Nucleic Acid Delivery (United States)


    presence of poloxamer 188. Drug Deliv. 2006; 13:61–67. [PubMed: 16401595] 37. Chandaroy P, Sen A, Alexandridis P, Hui SW. Utilizing temperature-sensitive...55. Ahn CH, Chae SY, Bae YH , Kim SW. Synthesis of biodegradable multi-block copolymers of poly(L-lysine) and poly(ethylene glycol) as a non-viral

  9. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. M R Kim. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 37 Issue 1 February 2014 pp 95-99. High mobility polymer gated organic field effect transistor using zinc phthalocyanine · K R Rajesh V Kannan M R Kim Y S Chae J K Rhee · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  10. Iz etničke prapovijesti Evrazije – Altajci, kineski izvori i Turanija


    Heršak, Emil


    Rad je podijeljen na tri dijela. U prvome, autor razmatra problematiku altajskih jezika te iznosi podatke o protoaltajskom rječniku i o mogućem smještaju altajske pradomovine. U drugom dijelu predstavljaju se starokineski podaci o drevnim narodima koji su živjeli na granicama Kine. U trećem dijelu rada raspravlja se o mogućim jezičnim, odnosno etničkim i povijesnim identitetima naroda označenim u kineskim izvorima, kao i o širim evrazijskim vezama i mogućoj kontaktnoj zoni u Turaniji.

  11. Effect-site concentration of remifentanil for preventing cough during emergence in elderly patients undergoing nasal surgery: a comparison with adult patients


    Yoo JY; Kim JY; Kwak HJ; Lee DC; Kim GW; Lee SY; Chae YJ


    Ji Young Yoo,1 Jong Yeop Kim,1 Hyun Jeong Kwak,2 Dong Chul Lee,2 Go Wun Kim,1 Sook Young Lee,1 Yun Jeong Chae1 1Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, 2Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Gachon University, Gil Medical Center, Incheon, Korea Purpose: Prevention of cough during emergence after nasal surgery is important for avoiding surgical site bleeding. We investigated the remifentanil effect-site concentration in 50% (EC50...

  12. A Theoretical Development of a Multicarrier Wireless Relay System and a Practical Exploration of Full-Duplex Radio Communication (United States)


    Conference (GLOBECOM 2011), 2011 IEEE, pages 1 –6, dec. 2011. [10] Chan-Byoung Chae, Taiwen Tang, Robert W. Heath, and Sunghyun Cho . MIMO relaying with...Yingbo Hua, Dan Bliss, Saeed Gazor, Yue Rong, and Youngchul Sung , editors. Special Issue on Theories and Methods for Advanced Wireless Relays, volume 30...312, New York, NY, USA, 2011. ACM. [30] Jong- Ho Lee. Self-interference cancelation using phase rotation in full-duplex wireless. Vehicular Technology

  13. Reimaging The Chaplain Corps For The Force Of The Future (United States)


    providing pastoral care ). Furthermore, religious advisement existed only in light of AU/ACSC/Chae, C/AY16 2 the advisement of religious support...Honor while many more cared for and prayed with service members without much recognition.33 Until recently, the nature of warfare accommodated an...the rise of “non-traditional” religious leadership experience submitted by the applicants (e.g., a pastor of a church is a traditional experience

  14. The Current Status of Hydrogen Storage in Metal-Organic Frameworks (United States)


    Navarro, E. Barea, J. M. Salas, N. Masciocchi, S. Galli, A. Sironi, C. O. Ania and J. B. Parra , Inorg. Chem., 2006, 45, 2397. 18 J. Y. Lee, D. H. Olson...Y. Choi, R. D. Huang, F. J. Uribe- Romo , H. K. Chae, M. O’Keeffe and O. M. Yaghi, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 2006, 103, 10186. 85 B. L. Chen, S

  15. Decoding Onset and Direction of Movements Using Electrocorticographic (ECoG) Signals in Humans (United States)


    standardized across subjects and is determined by the clinical needs of the patients. For instance, the subject with the smallest fraction of trials with...less controlled than that in the typical animal or human neuroscientific study. However, real- world environ- ments are typically very uncontrolled as...premotor cortex of rhesus monkeys . J. Neurophysiol. 106, 1454–1466. Muralidharan, A., Chae, J., and Taylor, D. M. (2011). Early detection of hand

  16. Effects of DNP on the cell surface properties of marine bacteria and its implication for adhesion to surfaces

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Jain, A.; Nishad, K.K.; Bhosle, N.B.

    of hydrogen peroxide as model antimicrobial agent for examining resisitance mechanisms. Methods Enzymol 310 : 599-608. Haque H, Cutright TJ & Zhang newby BM (2005) Effectiveness of sodium benzoate as a freshwater low toxicity antifoulant when dispersed... and the Environment (D Almorza C A, Brebbia D Sales & V Popov) (Editors),ISBN 1-85312-907- 0. Min Seok chae, Heidi Schraft, Lisbeth Truelstrup Hansen & Robet Mackereth (2006) Effect of physiochemical surface characteristic of Listeria monocytogenes strains...

  17. Optimization of Microwave-Assisted Extraction of Curcumin From Curcuma longa L. (Turmeric) and Evaluation of Antioxidant Activity in Multi-Test Systems


    Mustafa Bener; Mustafa Özyürek; Kubilay Güçlü; Reşat Apak


    Turmeric ( Curcuma longa L.) is a medicinal plant, and its biological activities mainly arise from the main constituent, known as diferuloylmethane or curcumin. In the present paper, microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) was investigated for the recovery of curcumin from turmeric in comparison to conventional heat-assisted extraction (CHAE) technique. Various experimental conditions, such as solvent concentration (0-100%, v/v), MAE temperature (30-130 oC) and MAE time (0-20 min) were investigat...

  18. Porous and Phase Change Nanomaterials For Photonic Applications (United States)


    control- ling parameters ranging from the substrate doping level, to the electrolyte concentration, wafer orientation, and applied current density, an...Optics Express, 13(19):7298, 2005. [195] M. M. Qazilbash, M. Brehm, B. G. Chae, P. C. Ho, G. O. Andreev, B. J. Kim, S. J. Yun , A. V. Balatsky, M. B. Maple...M. W. McCutcheon, and M. Loncar. Programmable photonic crystal nanobeam cavities. Optics Express, 18(8):8705, 2010. [243] S. Lin , E. Schonbrun, and K

  19. Thermal Analysis and Design of Air Cooled Electronic Circuit Boards Using a Desktop Computer. (United States)


    4445 Leads chat : O’SoU Error 4450 Leads cha: S$="CORPECTI.I’S TO tlIUMEEF. "O AFI 4455 ON ERROR GOTO Leads_chae 4460 Checku=0 4465 GOSUB Pagehead 4470...Ans GOSUB Pedo , SnziChan.;e.Get ne’aje’)_new,Terninate 6130 IF Ansi THEN RETURN 6148 GOTO What no’, 6150 Redo: RETURN ! THIS WILL ALLOW RESTART OF THIS

  20. Impaired Perception of Emotional Expression in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. (United States)

    Oh, Seong Il; Oh, Ki Wook; Kim, Hee Jin; Park, Jin Seok; Kim, Seung Hyun


    The increasing recognition that deficits in social emotions occur in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is helping to explain the spectrum of neuropsychological dysfunctions, thus supporting the view of ALS as a multisystem disorder involving neuropsychological deficits as well as motor deficits. The aim of this study was to characterize the emotion perception abilities of Korean patients with ALS based on the recognition of facial expressions. Twenty-four patients with ALS and 24 age- and sex-matched healthy controls completed neuropsychological tests and facial emotion recognition tasks [ChaeLee Korean Facial Expressions of Emotions (ChaeLee-E)]. The ChaeLee-E test includes facial expressions for seven emotions: happiness, sadness, anger, disgust, fear, surprise, and neutral. The ability to perceive facial emotions was significantly worse among ALS patients performed than among healthy controls [65.2±18.0% vs. 77.1±6.6% (mean±SD), p=0.009]. Eight of the 24 patients (33%) scored below the 5th percentile score of controls for recognizing facial emotions. Emotion perception deficits occur in Korean ALS patients, particularly regarding facial expressions of emotion. These findings expand the spectrum of cognitive and behavioral dysfunction associated with ALS into emotion processing dysfunction.

  1. Phonon anomalies in trilayer high-Tc cuprate superconductors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dubroka, Adam; Munzar, Dominik


    We present an extension of the model proposed recently to account for dramatic chAes below T c (anomalies) of some c-axis polarized infrared-active phonons in bilayer cuprate superconductors, that applies to trilayer high-T c compounds. We discuss several types of phonon anomalies that can occur in these systems and demonstrate that our model is capable of explaining the spectral chAes occurring upon entering the superconducting state in the trilayer compound Tl 2 Ba 2 Ca 2 Cu 3 O 10 . The low-temperature spectra of this compound obtained by Zetterer and coworkers display an additional broad absorption band, similar to the one observed in underdoped YBa 2 Cu 3 O 7-δ and Bi 2 Sr 2 CaCu 2 O 8 . In addition, three phonon modes are strongly anomalous. We attribute the absorption band to the transverse Josephson plasma resonance, similar to that of the bilayer compounds. The phonon anomalies are shown to result from a modification of the local fields induced by the formation of the resonance. The spectral chAes in Tl 2 Ba 2 Ca 2 Cu 3 O 10 are compared with those occurring in Bi 2 Sr 2 Ca 2 Cu 3 O 10 , reported recently by Boris and coworkers

  2. Development of Novel Magnetic Metal Oxide Thin Films and Carbon Nanotube Materials for Potential Device Applications (United States)


    magnetic layer more than the deficiency of O2. In a spinel structure the Co2+ and Fe3+ ions are shared between 16 octahedral and 8 tetrahedral sites...stoichiometry of the cobalt- ferrite . We also enhanced the blocking field of the trilayer by depositing the soft magnetic layer in an applied field. Compared...epitaxial cobalt ferrite thin films, Phys. Rev. B 76, 054405 (2007). 5. J-G Lee, K. PyoChae and J. Chul Sur, Surface morphology and magnetic properties of

  3. The roentgenological study of measles pneumonia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shin, U.; Song, C. H.; Lee, H. Y.; Chung, H. K.; Joo, K. B.


    Measles is important infectious disease of pediatrics and pneumonia is the most commonest complication of measles. We have experienced 20 cases of pneumonia among 31 cases of measles in infant nursing home of Chae Chun during of December. 1981. The results a are as follows; 1. The incidence of measles pneumonia is 64.5%. 2. The patterns of pneumonic infiltration is : The pneumonia may have a bronchopneumonia (60%), Lobar pneumonia (15%), or combined form (35%). 3. Both lungs are involved by measles pneumonia: Right lung only (30%), Left lung only (5%), or Bilateral (65%). 4. Hilar lymphadenopathy (51.6%). Hilar lymphadenopathy with pneumonia (82.2%) and hilar lymphadenopathy without pneumonia (17.8%). 5. There is no pulmonary nodule which is noted frequently in atypical measles pneumonia as a seguale

  4. Soil organic components distribution in a podzol and the possible relations with the biological soil activities (United States)

    Alvarez-Romero, Marta; Papa, Stefania; Verstraeten, Arne; Curcio, Elena; Cools, Nathalie; Lozano-Garcia, Beatriz; Parras-Alcántara, Luis; Coppola, Elio


    This research reports the preliminary results of a study based on the SOC (Soil Organic Carbon) fractionation in a pine forest soil (Pinus nigra). Hyperskeletic Albic Podzol soil (P113005, World Reference Base, 2014), described by the following sequence O-Ah-E-Bh-Bs-Cg, was investigated at Zoniën, Belgium. Total (TOC) and extractable (TEC) soil contents were determined by Italian official method of soil analysis. Different soil C fractions were also determined: Humic Acid Carbon (HAC) and Fulvic Acid Carbon (FAC). Not Humic Carbon (NHC) and Humin Carbon (Huc) fractions were obtained by difference. Along the mineral soil profile, therefore, were also tested some enzymatic activities, such as cellulase, xylanase, laccase and peroxidase, involved in the degradation of the main organic substance components, and dehydrogenase activity, like soil microbial biomass index. The results shows a differential TEC fractions distribution in the soil profile along three fronts of progress: (i) An E leaching horizon of TEC; Bh horizon (humic) of humic acids preferential accumulation, morphologically and analytically recognizable, in which humic are more insoluble that fulvic acids, and predominate over the latter; (ii) horizon Bs (spodic) in which fulvic acids are more soluble that humic acid, and predominate in their turn. All enzyme activities appear to be highest in the most superficial part of the mineral profile and decrease towards the deeper layers with different patterns. It is known that the enzymes production in a soil profile reflects the organic substrates availability, which in turn influences the density and the composition of the microbial population. The deeper soil horizons contain microbial communities adapted and specialized to their environment and, therefore, different from those present on the surface The results suggest that the fractionation technique of TEC is appropriate to interpret the podsolisation phenomenon that is the preferential distribution of

  5. Flat-field and Dark Frame Corrections for IRIS Data (United States)

    Saar, S. H.; Jaeggli, S. A.; Bush, R. I.; Boerner, P.; Wuelser, J.; Tarbell, T. D.; Lites, B. W.; De Pontieu, B.


    We discuss the development of flat-field and dark frame corrections for Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) data. Flat-fields for IRIS were taken prior to launch using a lamp filtered to NUV wavelengths; following launch the Sun itself was used as a flat-field source. The solar flat-field for the slit-jaw imagers is constructed using the Chae method, which extracts the moving object and fixed gain patterns from a set of dithered images. The spectrographic flat-fields are produced by significantly defocusing the telescope and averaging many images in a scan to remove solar structure, so that the average spectral profile can be removed. A given dark frame consists of pedestal and dark current components. In IRIS, both are temperature dependent, though they respond to different measured temperatures; the dark current is also exposure time dependent. Each CCD readout port has a slightly different temperature and exposure time response. We have analyzed a series of dark frames over an IRIS orbit to calibrate for these effects. We plan to continue to monitor the flat-field and dark frames regularly for any changes.

  6. [Usage of marginal organs for liver transplantation: a way around the critical organ shortage?]. (United States)

    Pratschke, S; Loehe, F; Graeb, C; Jauch, K W; Angele, M K


    The transplantation of marginal organs or those meeting the so-called extended donor criteria (EDC) is today a significant option to alleviate the low availability or organs and to increase the number of transplantation which in turn is -accompanied by a lower mortality among wait-ing-list patients. However such an extension of the spender pool carries the risks of an increased incidence of organ dysfuntions and a higher recipient mortality. This situation presents an ethical problem when marginal organs are accepted for transplantation because the anticipated mortality for the individual recipient cannot be determined. The transplantation of marginal organs from -donors with a high MELD score seems to be linked to a higher mortality. In particular, the combina-tions of high donor age and long ischaemic time or advanced donor age and hepatitis C infection in the recipient are definitively associated with a significantly poorer organ survival rate. In view of the serious lack of organs, efforts should be made, for example, by shortening of the is-chae-mic time and the development of therapeutic strategies, to improve the function and increase the number of usable marginal organs and thus to increase pool of donor organs. The refusal of marginal organs on the basis of individual EDC without consideration of the status of recipient does not seem to be adequate.

  7. Regularity for 3D Navier-Stokes equations in terms of two components of the vorticity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sadek Gala


    Full Text Available We establish regularity conditions for the 3D Navier-Stokes equation via two components of the vorticity vector. It is known that if a Leray-Hopf weak solution $u$ satisfies $$ ilde{omega}in L^{2/(2-r}(0,T;L^{3/r}(mathbb{R}^3quad hbox{with }0Chae-Choe [5].

  8. Optimization of Microwave-Assisted Extraction of Curcumin From Curcuma longa L. (Turmeric and Evaluation of Antioxidant Activity in Multi-Test Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Bener


    Full Text Available Turmeric ( Curcuma longa L. is a medicinal plant, and its biological activities mainly arise from the main constituent, known as diferuloylmethane or curcumin. In the present paper, microwave-assisted extraction (MAE was investigated for the recovery of curcumin from turmeric in comparison to conventional heat-assisted extraction (CHAE technique. Various experimental conditions, such as solvent concentration (0-100%, v/v, MAE temperature (30-130 oC and MAE time (0-20 min were investigated to optimize the extraction of curcumin from turmeric. The identification and quantification of curcumin in extracts were performed by HPLC-DAD system. Antioxidant potential and radical scavenging abilities of microwave-assisted extract and conventional heat-assisted extract of turmeric (MAET and CHAET were evaluated using different systems including total phenolic content (TPC, total antioxidant capacity (TAC, and radical scavenging activities. MAET and CHAET showed high antioxidant activity in all test systems, but the antioxidant properties of MAET were stronger than those of CHAET.

  9. Oscillatory response of the solar chromosphere to a strong downflow event above a sunspot

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kwak, Hannah; Chae, Jongchul; Song, Donguk [Astronomy Program, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Yeon-Han; Lim, Eun-Kyung [Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daejeon 305-348 (Korea, Republic of); Madjarska, Maria S. [Armagh Observatory, College Hill, Armagh BT61 9DG (United Kingdom)


    We report three-minute oscillations in the solar chromosphere driven by a strong downflow event in a sunspot. We used the Fast Imaging Solar Spectrograph of the 1.6 m New Solar Telescope and the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS). The strong downflow event is identified in the chromospheric and transition region lines above the sunspot umbra. After the event, oscillations occur at the same region. The amplitude of the Doppler velocity oscillations is 2 km s{sup −1} and gradually decreases with time. In addition, the period of the oscillations gradually increases from 2.7 to 3.3 minutes. In the IRIS 1330 Å slit-jaw images, we identify a transient brightening near the footpoint of the downflow detected in the H α +0.5 Å image. The characteristics of the downflowing material are consistent with those of sunspot plumes. Based on our findings, we suggest that the gravitationally stratified atmosphere came to oscillate with a three-minute period in response to the impulsive downflow event as was theoretically investigated by Chae and Goode.

  10. Soil Organic Carbon (SOC) distribution in two differents soil types (Podzol and Andosol) under natural forest cover. (United States)

    Álvarez-Romero, Marta; Papa, Stefania; Verstraeten, Arne; Cools, Nathalie; Lozano-García, Beatriz; Parras-Alcántara, Luis; Coppola, Elio


    Andosols are young soils that shall know a successive evolution towards pedological types where the dominant pedogenetic processes are more evident. Vegetation and climate influence Andosols evolution to other order of soils. In cold and wet climates or on acid vulcanite under heavy leaching young Andosols could change into Podzols (Van Breemn and Buurman, 1998). Were investigated a Podzol soil (World References Base, 2014) at Zoniën (Belgium), were and an Andosol soil (World References Base, 2014) at Lago Laceno (Avellino, Italy). This study shows the data on the SOC (Soil Organic Carbon) fractionation in two profiles from two natural pine forest soils. Together with the conventional activities of sampling and analysis of soil profile were examined surveys meant to fractionation and characterization of SOC, in particular: Total Organic Carbon (TOC) and Total Extractable Carbon (TEC) soil contents were determined by Italian official method of soil analysis (Mi.P.A.F. (2000)). Different soil C fractions were also determined: Humic Acid Carbon (HAC), Fulvic Acid Carbon (FAC), Not Humic Carbon (NHC) and Humin Carbon (Huc) fractions were obtained by difference. In the whole profile, therefore, were also assayed cellulose and lignin contents. The aim of this work was to compare the distribution of different soil organic components in a podzol and a soil with andic properties. The data show great similarity, among the selected profiles, in the organic components distribution estudied. References: - Mi.P.A.F. - Ministero per le Politiche Agricole e Forestali - Osservatorio Nazionale Pedologico e per la Qualità del Suolo (2000): Metodi Ufficiali di Analisi Chimica del Suolo. In: Franco Angeli (Editor), Collana di metodi analitici per l'agricoltura diretta da Paolo Sequi, n. 1124.2, Milano, Italy. - Van Breemn N. and Buurman P. (1998) Chapter 12 Formation of Andisols. In: Soil formation. Kluwer Ed., Wageningen, The Netherlands, 271-289. -Ussiri D.A.N., Johnson C

  11. Indukovani potencijal između interaktivnih čestica u nano nivoima / Induced potential between interacting particles at nanolevels / Наведенный потенциал между взаимодействующими частицами на наноуровне

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonid I. Gretchihin / Леонид И. Гречихин


    Full Text Available Обосновано наличие потенциального барьера на границе раздела взаимодействующих частиц. Формирование потенциального барьера в зоне контакта существенно увеличивает энергию связи бинарного взаимодействия. Показано, какую совокупность разных взаимодействий необходимо учитывать при установлении энергии бинарной связи. / One has substantiated the existence of a potential barrier at the interface of interacting particles. The formation of the potential barrier in the contact area significantly increases the binding energy of the binary interaction. It has been shown which sets of different interactions should be taken into account when establishing the energy of binary binding. / U članku je objašnjena pojava stvaranja potencijalne barijere na pragovima razdvajanja čestica u interakciji. Stvaranje potencijalne barijere u kontaktnoj zoni znatno povećava vezanu energiju binarne interakcije. U radu su navedene različite vrste interakcija relevantne za stvaranje energije binarne veze.

  12. Changes in cerebral blood flow after cognitive behavior therapy in patients with panic disorder: a SPECT study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seo HJ


    Full Text Available Ho-Jun Seo,1 Young Hee Choi,2 Yong-An Chung,3 Wangku Rho,1 Jeong-Ho Chae11Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea; 2Metta Institute of Cognitive Behavior Therapy, Seoul, South Korea; 3Department of Radiology, Nuclear Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South KoreaAim: Inconsistent results continue to be reported in studies that examine the neural correlates of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT in patients with panic disorder. We examined the changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF associated with the alleviation of anxiety by CBT in panic patients.Methods: The change in rCBF and clinical symptoms before and after CBT were assessed using single photon emission computed tomography and various clinical measures were analyzed.Results: Fourteen subjects who completed CBT showed significant improvements in symptoms on clinical measures, including the Panic and Agoraphobic Scale and the Anxiety Sensitivity Index-Revised. After CBT, increased rCBF was detected in the left postcentral gyrus (BA 43, left precentral gyrus (BA 4, and left inferior frontal gyrus (BA 9 and BA 47, whereas decreased rCBF was detected in the left pons. Correlation analysis of the association between the changes in rCBF and changes in each clinical measure did not show significant results.Conclusion: We found changes in the rCBF associated with the successful completion of CBT. The present findings may help clarify the effects of CBT on changes in brain activity in panic disorder.Keyword: single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT, anxiety, neural correlate, brain activity

  13. High grain, low noise organic and nanoelectronic photodetectors (Presentation Recording) (United States)

    Huang, Jinsong


    The dramatically reduction of cost of photodetectors without comprising their performance will enable new applications in many fields. In this talk, I will brief our progress in the development of sensitive photodetectors/photon counters using low-cost solution processable organic and nano-electronic materials. Four types of device structures will be compared in terms of device gain, noise, sensitivity, response speed and linear dynamic range: 1) traditional diode structure, 2) a structure combine the photodiode and photoconductor through the interface trap triggered secondary charge injection, 3) an organic phototransistor that has combined photoconductive gain and photovoltaic gain, and 4) quantum dots modulated transistor channel conductance. Broad response spectrum from UV to NIR will be demonstrated, and active material limited performance will be discussed. Solution-Processed Nanoparticle Super-Float-Gated Organic Field-Effect Transistor as Un-cooled Ultraviolet and Infrared Photon Counter Yongbo Yuan, Qingfeng Dong, Bin Yang, Fawen Guo, Qi Zhang, Ming Han, and Jinsong Huang*, Scientific Reports, 3, 2707 (2013) A nanocomposite ultraviolet photodetector enabled by interfacial trap-controlled charge injection Fawen Guo, Bin Yang, Yongbo Yuan, Zhengguo Xiao, Qingfeng Dong, Yu Bi, and Jinsong Huang*, Nature Nanotechnology, 7, 798-802, (2012) Large Gain, Low Noise Nanocomposite Ultraviolet Photodetectors with a Linear Dynamic Range of 120 dB Yanjun Fang, Fawen Guo,Zhengguo Xiao, Jinsong Huang*, Advanced Optical Materials, 348-353 (2014) High Gain and Low-Driving-Voltage Photodetectors Based on Organolead Triiodide Perovskites Rui Dong, Yanjun Fang, Jungseok Chae, Jun Dai, Zhengguo Xiao, Qingfeng Dong,Yongbo Yuan, Andrea Centrone,Xiao Cheng Zeng , Jinsong Huang*. ,Advanced Materials, 2015

  14. Structural domain walls in polar hexagonal manganites (United States)

    Kumagai, Yu


    The domain structure in the multiferroic hexagonal manganites is currently intensely investigated, motivated by the observation of intriguing sixfold topological defects at their meeting points [Choi, T. et al,. Nature Mater. 9, 253 (2010).] and nanoscale electrical conductivity at the domain walls [Wu, W. et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 077203 (2012).; Meier, D. et al., Nature Mater. 11, 284 (2012).], as well as reports of coupling between ferroelectricity, magnetism and structural antiphase domains [Geng, Y. et al., Nano Lett. 12, 6055 (2012).]. The detailed structure of the domain walls, as well as the origin of such couplings, however, was previously not fully understood. In the present study, we have used first-principles density functional theory to calculate the structure and properties of the low-energy structural domain walls in the hexagonal manganites [Kumagai, Y. and Spaldin, N. A., Nature Commun. 4, 1540 (2013).]. We find that the lowest energy domain walls are atomically sharp, with {210}orientation, explaining the orientation of recently observed stripe domains and suggesting their topological protection [Chae, S. C. et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 167603 (2012).]. We also explain why ferroelectric domain walls are always simultaneously antiphase walls, propose a mechanism for ferroelectric switching through domain-wall motion, and suggest an atomistic structure for the cores of the sixfold topological defects. This work was supported by ETH Zurich, the European Research Council FP7 Advanced Grants program me (grant number 291151), the JSPS Postdoctoral Fellowships for Research Abroad, and the MEXT Elements Strategy Initiative to Form Core Research Center TIES.

  15. "Diversidad de estilos de aprendizaje en el aula de música de ESO" [Diversity of learning styles in the music classrroom of ESO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicente Simón Simón


    Full Text Available RESUMEN:El presente artículo pretende mostrar los resultados de una investigación llevada a cabo en un centro de enseñanzas medias de Castilla-La Mancha, el IES Airén de Tomelloso (Ciudad Real. En él se trata de relacionar los estilos de aprendizaje del alumnado de 1º ciclo de ESO con sus aplicaciones e implicaciones en el campo académico de una materia determinada, la Música. El trabajo se sustenta en los datos obtenidos a través de dos cuestionarios, uno de reconocido prestigio (CHAEA y otro de creación propia (ESTMUS que pretenden determinar las relaciones existentes entre los aprendizajes musicales y los estilos de aprendizaje. Los resultados confirmaron la validez de nuestro cuestionario al reconocerle cerca de un 75 % de coincidencia entre las respuestas de los alumnos de nuestra muestra. Aunque no se observó un estilo de aprendizaje claramente predominante, destacan las personas en las que predomina el estilo de aprendizaje reflexivo en ambos casos.ABSTRACT:This article aims to show the results of research conducted in secondary schools of Castilla-La Mancha, IES Airen of Tomelloso (Ciudad Real. It seeks to relate the learning styles of students of 1 cycle of ESO with its applications and implications in the academic field of a specific subject Music. The work is based on data obtained through two questionnaires, a prestigious (CHAE and one own creation (ESTMUS seeking to determine the relationship between music learning and learning styles. The results confirmed the validity of our questionnaire to recognize about 75% overlap between the responses of students in our sample. Although not observed clearly predominant learning style, outstanding people in the predominantly reflexive learning style in both cases.

  16. Anionic clay as the drug delivery vehicle: tumor targeting function of layered double hydroxide-methotrexate nanohybrid in C33A orthotopic cervical cancer model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Choi G


    Full Text Available Goeun Choi,1 Huiyan Piao,1 Zeid A Alothman,2 Ajayan Vinu,3 Chae-Ok Yun,4 Jin-Ho Choy1 1Center for Intelligent Nano-Bio Materials, Department of Chemistry and Nano Science, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea; 2Advanced Materials Research Chair, Chemistry Department, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; 3Future Industries Institute, University of South Australia, Mawson Lakes, SA, Australia; 4Department of Bioengineering, College of Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea Abstract: Methotrexate (MTX, an anticancer agent, was successfully intercalated into the anionic clay, layered double hydroxides to form a new nanohybrid drug. The coprecipitation and subsequent hydrothermal method were used to prepare chemically, structurally, and morphologically well-defined two-dimensional drug-clay nanohybrid. The resulting two-dimensional drug-clay nanohybrid showed excellent colloidal stability not only in deionized water but also in an electrolyte solution of Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle’s Medium with 10% fetal bovine serum, in which the average particle size in colloid and the polydispersity index were determined to be around 100 and 0.250 nm, respectively. The targeting property of the nanohybrid drug was confirmed by evaluating the tumor-to-blood and tumor-to-liver ratios of the MTX with anionic clay carrier, and these ratios were compared to those of free MTX in the C33A orthotopic cervical cancer model. The biodistribution studies indicated that the mice treated with the former showed 3.5-fold higher tumor-to-liver ratio and fivefold higher tumor-to-blood ratio of MTX than those treated with the latter at 30 minutes postinjection. Keywords: anionic clay, biodistribution, cervical cancer, colloidal stability, layered double hydroxide, methotrexate 

  17. Influence of Lifestyles Related to Eating Habits in Ready Meal Consumption: comparative study between São Paulo and RomeInfluência de Estilos de Vida Associados a Hábitos Alimentares no Consumo de Pratos Prontos: estudo comparativo entre São Paulo e RomaInfluencia de Estilos de Vida Asociados a Hábitos Alimenticios en el Consumo de Comidas Preparadas: estudio comparativo entre São Paulo y Roma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SIEKIERSKI, Paulette


    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe main objective of this paper was to identify consumers’ food-related life style toward ready meals in Brazil and Italy. Our specific objectives were (1 to adapt and validate the Bae, Chae and Ryu (2010 scale and (2 to compare and associate the lifestyles to social-demographic characteristics. Consumers are working longer hours, spending more time in traffic and longing to maximize leisure time, which has been increasingly limited. As a result, they demand products and services that facilitate and support their busy lives. A survey was conducted and the research dataset was comprised of a non-probabilistic sample of 155 questionnaires from Italian consumers from Rome and 200 Brazilians from the city of São Paulo. Among the main results, it was shown that the Romans value the tradition and health dimensions more, whereas consumers from São Paulo value convenience and taste. The gender, age, number of people in the household and type of family variables are associated to the attitudes toward ready meal, as well as with its effective consumption. It is believed that these results may be relevant both for the development of new products and for the placement of products and brands active in these markets, or even to identify new market segments or understand different generations of consumers.RESUMOO principal objetivo deste trabalho é identificar os estilos de vida relacionados ao consumo de pratos prontos no Brasil e na Itália. Como objetivos específicos têm-se (1 validar a escala de Bae, Chae e Ryu (2010 nos contextos brasileiro e italiano e (2 comparar e relacionar os estilos de vida a características sociodemográficos. Sabe-se que mudanças no estilo de vida de indivíduos do mundo ocidental têm aumentado a demanda por conveniência na preparação das refeições. Consumidores trabalham mais horas, gastam mais tempo no trânsito e desejam maximizar o tempo de lazer cada vez mais limitado, exigindo, assim, produtos e servi

  18. Effect-site concentration of remifentanil for preventing cough during emergence in elderly patients undergoing nasal surgery: a comparison with adult patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoo JY


    Full Text Available Ji Young Yoo,1 Jong Yeop Kim,1 Hyun Jeong Kwak,2 Dong Chul Lee,2 Go Wun Kim,1 Sook Young Lee,1 Yun Jeong Chae1 1Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, 2Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Gachon University, Gil Medical Center, Incheon, Korea Purpose: Prevention of cough during emergence after nasal surgery is important for avoiding surgical site bleeding. We investigated the remifentanil effect-site concentration in 50% (EC50 of the elderly patients undergoing nasal surgery for smooth emergence without cough and compared it with that of adult patients.Methods: Twenty-two elderly (aged 65–80 years and 25 adult patients (aged 20–60 years with an American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I/II undergoing nasal surgery were enrolled. Anesthesia was maintained with sevoflurane and remifentanil. Remifentanil EC50 and EC95 for preventing cough were determined using the modified Dixon’s up-and-down method and isotonic regression with bootstrapping approach. Recovery profiles were also recorded.Results: With Dixon’s up-and-down method, the EC50 of remifentanil in elderly patients (2.40±0.25 ng/mL was not significantly different from that of adults (2.33±0.30 ng/mL (P=0.687. With isotonic regression, the EC95 of remifentanil in elderly patients (3.32 [95% confidence interval: 3.06–3.38] ng/mL was not significantly different from that of adults (3.30 [95% confidence interval: 2.96–3.37] ng/mL. However, eye opening time (14.1±3.8 vs 12.0±2.9 seconds, extubation time (17.2±4.1 vs 14.0±3.0 seconds, and postanesthesia care unit duration (44.5±7.6 vs 38.7±3.4 minutes in elderly patients were significantly longer than those in adults (P<0.05.Conclusion: Remifentanil EC50 for preventing cough after nasal surgery with sevoflurane anesthesia did not differ between elderly and adult patients. However, delayed awakening and respiratory adverse events may warrant attention

  19. The Optical Spectrum of SrOH Re-Visited Zeeman Effect, High-Resolution Spectroscopy and Franck-Condon Factors. (United States)

    Nguyen, Trung; Kokkin, Damian L.; Steimle, Timothy; Kozyryev, Ivan; Doyle, John M.


    Motivated by a diverse range of applications in physics and chemistry, currently there is great interest in the cooling of molecules to very low temperatures (≤1 mK). Direct laser cooling has been previously demonstrated for the diatomic radicals SrF, YO, and CaF, and most recently a three-dimensional magneto-optical trap (MOT) of SrF molecules was achieved. To determine the possibility of laser cooling for polyatomic molecules containing three or more atoms, detailed information is required about their Franck-Condon factors (FCFs) for emission from the excited states of interest. Here we report on the high-resolution laser excitation spectra, recorded field-free and in the presence of a static magnetic field, and on the dispersed fluorescence (DF) spectra for the A^2Π1/2 ← X^2σ^+ and B^2σ^+ ← X ^2σ^+ electronic transitions of SrOH. The DF spectra were analyzed to precisely determine FCFs and compared with values predicted using a normal coordinate GF matrix approach. The recorded Zeeman spectra were analyzed to determine the magnetic moments. Implication for proposed laser cooling and trapping experiments for SrOH will be presented. E.S. Shuman, J.F. Barry and D. DeMille, Nature 467, 820 (2010) J.F. Barry, E.S. Shuman, E.B. Norrgard and D. DeMille, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 103002 (2012) M.T. Hummon, M. Yeo, B.K. Stuhl, A.L. Collopy, Y. Xia, and J. Ye, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 143001 (2013) M. Yeo, M.T. Hummon, A.L. Collopy, B. Yan, B. Hemmerling, E. Chae, J.M. Doyle, and J. Ye, arXiv:1501.04683 (2015) V. Zhelyazkova, A. Cournol, T.E. Wall, A. Matsushima, J.J. Hudson, E.A. Hinds, M.R. Tarbutt, and B.E. Sauer, Phys. Rev. A 89, 053416 (2014) J.F. Barry, D.J. McCarron, E.B. Norrgard, M.H. Steinecker and D. DeMille, Nature 512, 286 (2014) D.J. McCarron, E.B. Norrgard, M.H. Steinecker and D. DeMille, arXiv:1412.8220 (2014)

  20. Kalopanacis Cortex extract-capped gold nanoparticles activate NRF2 signaling and ameliorate damage in human neuronal SH-SY5Y cells exposed to oxygen–glucose deprivation and reoxygenation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Park SY


    Full Text Available Sun Young Park,1 Seon Yeong Chae,1,2 Jin Oh Park,2 Kyu Jin Lee,2 Geuntae Park1,2 1Bio-IT Fusion Technology Research Institute, 2Department of Nanofusion Technology, Graduate School, Pusan National University, Busan, Republic of Korea Abstract: Recently, environment-friendly synthesis of gold nanoparticles (GNPs has been extensively explored by biologists and chemists. However, significant research is still required to determine whether “eco-friendly” GNPs are beneficial to human health and to elucidate the molecular mechanisms of their effects on human cells. We used human neuronal SH-SY5Y cells to show that treatment with Kalopanacis Cortex extract-capped GNPs (KC-GNs, prepared via an eco-friendly, fast, one-pot synthetic route, protected neuronal cells against oxygen–glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R-induced damage. To prepare GNPs, Kalopanacis Cortex was used without any chemical reducing and stabilizing agents. Ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy showed maximum absorbance at 526 nm owing to KC-GN surface plasmon resonance. Hydrodynamic size (54.02±2.19 nm and zeta potential (-20.3±0.04 mV were determined by dynamic light scattering. The average diameter (41.07±3.05 nm was determined by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. Energy-dispersive X-ray diffraction spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction confirmed the presence of assembled GNPs. Fourier transform infrared analysis suggested that functional groups such as O–H, C–C, and C–N participated in KC-GN formation. Cell viability assays indicated that KC-GNs restored the viability of OGD/R-treated SH-SY5Y cells. Flow cytometry demonstrated that KC-GNs inhibited the OGD/R-induced reactive oxygen species production and mitochondrial membrane potential disruption. KC-GNs also inhibited the apoptosis of OGD/R-exposed cells. Western blot analysis indicated that the OGD/R-induced cellular apoptosis and simultaneous increases in the expression of cleaved caspase-3, p

  1. Vibronic Spectroscopy of Hetero Dihalo-Benzyl Radicals Generated by Corona Discharge : Jet-Cooled Chlorofluorobenzyl Radicals (United States)

    Yoon, Young; Lee, Sang


    .~Phys. 136, 174306 (2012). S.~Y.~Chae, Y.~W.~Yoon, and S.~K.~Lee, Chem.~Phys.~Lett. 612, 134 (2014).

  2. Safety Culture Perspective. Managing the pre Managing the pre-operational phases of new NPPs and creating the safety culture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cowan, Pamela B.; Oh, Chaewoon; Dahlgren Persson, Kerstin; Carnino, Annick


    Nuclear safety is a key for the revival of nuclear energy future programmes. Lots of competent people will be needed worldwide for ensuring the safety of the installations both existing ones and future ones. Their expertise should range from design to operation, from regulatory role to operators, from fuel fabrication to waste disposal. The challenge in front of us will be to prepare for the right recruitment, the development of the needed expertise in order to face the demand in developed countries, in countries with economies in transition and in developing countries. Time allocated for the panel does not allow for covering all aspects but the panelists will cover some of the important aspects of the challenge in terms of needs, of new competencies, of learning from operation and licensing requirements including for new designs. The key objectives of the panel are: 1- Maintaining safe operation, learning from experience, licensing including aging management and re-licensing with safety improvements for existing installations: - Presentation by Junko Ogawa of the experience and lessons learned from the earthquake on Kashiwasaki Kariwa NPP: effects in terms of manpower involved in the investigation, effects on regulations and licensing, expertise used. - Presentation by Pamela Cowan of her experience in preparing licensing actions, regulatory compliance and interface with the Regulator for both operating plants and modern requirements for constructing new ones. 2 - Special training needed for the human aspect of safety: what are the challenges in areas of safety culture and management of safety: - Presentation by Chae Woon Oh of the Korean safety culture features developed nationally, at the regulator and at the operating organizations and their integration within the safety training programmes. - Presentation by Kerstin Dahlgren Person of the needs in terms of safety culture and safety management, in terms of expertise, practitioners and assessors. 3 - How to

  3. The dynamic relationship between emotional and physical states: an observational study of personal health records

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee YS


    Full Text Available Ye-Seul Lee,1 Won-Mo Jung,1 Hyunchul Jang,2 Sanghyun Kim,2 Sun-Yong Chung,3 Younbyoung Chae1 1Acupuncture and Meridian Science Research Center, College of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, 2Mibyeong Research Center, Korean Institute of Oriental Medicine, Daejeon, 3Department of Neuropsychiatry, College of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea Objectives: Recently, there has been increasing interest in preventing and managing diseases both inside and outside medical institutions, and these concerns have supported the development of the individual Personal Health Record (PHR. Thus, the current study created a mobile platform called “Mind Mirror” to evaluate psychological and physical conditions and investigated whether PHRs would be a useful tool for assessment of the dynamic relationship between the emotional and physical conditions of an individual.Methods: Mind Mirror was used to collect 30 days of observational data about emotional valence and the physical states of pain and fatigue from 20 healthy participants, and these data were used to analyze the dynamic relationship between emotional and physical conditions. Additionally, based on the cross-correlations between these three parameters, a multilevel multivariate regression model (mixed linear model [MLM] was implemented.Results: The strongest cross-correlation between emotional and physical conditions was at lag 0, which implies that emotion and body condition changed concurrently. In the MLM, emotional valence was negatively associated with fatigue (β =-0.233, P<0.001, fatigue was positively associated with pain (β =0.250, P<0.001, and pain was positively associated with fatigue (β =0.398, P<0.001.Conclusion: Our study showed that emotional valence and one’s physical condition negatively influenced one another, while fatigue and pain positively affected each other. These findings suggest that the mind and body interact instantaneously, in

  4. Orthotopic liver transplantation after the combined use of locoregional therapy and sorafenib for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoo EJ


    Full Text Available Eun Jin Yoo,1,* Hye Sun Shin,1,* Seung Up Kim,1,2,7 Dong Jin Joo,3,4 Jun Yong Park,1,2,7 Gi Hong Choi,3 Do Young Kim,1,2,7 Sang Hoon Ahn,1,2,7 Jinsil Seong,5 Myung Joo Koh,6 Kwang-Hyub Han,1,2,7 Chae Yoon Chon1,2,7 1Department of Internal Medicine, 2Institute of Gastroenterology, 3Department of Surgery, 4Research Institute for Transplantation, 5Department of Radiation Oncology, 6Department of Pathology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea; 7Liver Cirrhosis Clinical Research Center, Seoul, South Korea *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: We herein report a patient with advanced hepatitis B virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC beyond the Milan criteria. He underwent orthotopic liver transplantation after successful HCC downstaging that satisfied the University of California, San Francisco criteria, using concurrent chemoradiation therapy with a combination of repeated hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC and sorafenib. A 52-year-old male was diagnosed with advanced hepatitis B virus-related HCC beyond the Milan criteria. He underwent concurrent chemoradiation therapy (50 Gy with 20 fractions over 5 weeks with HAIC using 5-fluorouracil at a dose of 500 mg/day, which was administered during the first and fifth weeks of radiation therapy as an initial treatment modality. This was followed by the combined use of HAIC using 5-fluorouracil (500 mg/m2 for 5 hours on days 1–3 and cisplatin (60 mg/m2 for 2 hours on day 2 every 4 weeks (twelve cycles and sorafenib (from the third to the twelfth cycle of HAIC to treat the remaining HCC. Because a remarkable decrease in the tumor burden that satisfied the University of California, San Francisco criteria was observed after these combination treatments, the patient underwent orthotopic liver transplantation with curative aim and survived for 11 months without evidence of HCC recurrence. Keywords: hepatocellular carcinoma, liver transplantation

  5. Karakterizacija vakuum plazma naprskane kobalt-nikal-hrom-aluminijum-itrijum prevlake

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihailo R. Mrdak


    -217. Aluminijum u legurama CoNiCrAlY formira β(Co,NiAl fazu koja služi kao rezervoar za obnavljanje zaštitnog oksida α - Al2O3. Legure na bazi Co sa aluminijumom proizvode β - CoAl fazu koja poboljšava otpornost legure na  sulfidizaciju i β - NiAl fazu koja poboljšava otpornost legure na visoko temperaturnu oksidacionu. Prevlake CoNiCrAlY često se deponuju plazma sprej postupkom u vakuumu (VPS. Glavna razlika je što se proces izvodi u vakuumu bez prisustva vazduha uz nizak pritisak u veoma čistim uslovima i uz primenu transferovanog luka za čišćenje površine substrata.  U deponovanom stanju mikrostruktura CoNiCrAlY prevlake se sastoji od dve faze γ i β. γ faza je čvrst rastvor Co, Ni i Cr.  β (Co,NiAl faza je formirana od β - CoAl faze i β - NiAl faze. Prisutna β faza i njen udeo u strukturi je od suštinskog značaja za zaštitu CoNiCrAlY prevlake. Radni vek CoNiCrAlY prevlake u uslovima oksidacije je u direktnoj vezi sa količinom β faze. Stabilnost β(Co,NiAl faze se smanjuje na visokim temperaturama zbog difuzije Al. Cheruvu i Mobarra sa saradnicima (Cheruvu, et al., 2000, pp.50 - 54, (Mobarra, et al., 2006, pp.2202-2207 su ustanovili da na visokim temperaturama Al iz β faze popunjava oksidni sloj na površini prevlake i siromaši β fazu sa Al. Izlaganjem CoNiCrAlY legure na 1100°C se na površini formira TGO zona sa zaštitnim oksidnim slojem α - Al2O3. U zoni blizu zaštitnog oksidnog sloja α - Al2O3 nije prisutna β-(Ni,CoAl faza jer je površinski sloj osiromašio sa Al (Nicholls, Bennett, 2000, pp.413-428. Samo mala količina Al ostaje u regionima bogatim (Ni,Co (Leea, 2005, pp,239 - 242. U ovom području egzistira β - zona iscrpljena sa Al, koja se nalazi ispod gornjeg oksidnog TGO sloja. Debljina β - iscrpljene zone se povećava dužim izlaganjem legure na visokoj temperaturi zbog potrošnje aluminijuma i rasta TGO sloja (Nicholls, Bennett, 2000, pp.413-428. U TGO zoni, pored oksida α - Al2O3, su prisutna i spinel jedinjenja kao

  6. Modern weapons and military equipments for issue 1-2017 / Современное вооружение и военное оборудование за но. 1-2017 / Savremeno naoružanje i vojna oprema za broj 1-2017

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikola M. Ostojić


    specijalni avioni IL-76, koji su namenjeni za prevoz padobranaca i desantiranje u zoni dejstva. Takođe, iz te letelice desantiran je i oklopni transporter. Vežba je dobila i moto „Odlučan odgovor tri vojske”, s obzirom na to da predstavlja zajednički odgovor specijalnih protiv-terorističkih jedinica tri bratske države na oružano delovanje terorističkih snaga. Vežbama sa ruskim i beloruskim pripadnicima, naša vojska uspešno se osposobljava za učešće u multinacionalnim operacijama, što je kvalitet više u ukupnoj osposobljenosti oružane sile naše zemlje. / The exercises of Russian and Serbian pilots BARS 2016 and 2016 Slovenian brotherhood. Members of our armed forces, especially the Air Force, from the experienced Russian pilots, learn new lessons about the use of modern aircraft. The development of military equipment in the world, weapons and other techniques require a new understanding of the country's defense and the lag can be prevented modernization of our armed forces, as well as practicing members of the Army of Serbia in the new tactical procedures and preparing for possible new forms of opposition to aggression. With international cooperation and gaining new experiences our army trained for participation in multinational military forces. Exercise Serbian and Russian pilots BARS 2016, established itself as the main task after the purchase of two planes MIG-29 and helicopters MI-17. Not only does the introduction of annual and combat characteristics of these aircraft, but also to master the tactical use in complex combat. There is no doubt that the Russian pilots have very valuable experience in interdiction operations with the aircraft MIG-29, as well as in an air battle. This aircraft has exceptional flight possibilities and under the skillful hand pilot can perform very complex maneuvers that provide supremacy in the airspace and the victory in the air battle. Therefore, the exercise of Russian and Serbian pilots BARS 2016 can be seen, as a

  7. Aspects of reducing the effects of vehicle-borne improvised explosive devices / Аспекты снижения последствий подрывов автомобилей, совершенных с помощью самодельных взрывных устройств / Aspekti umanjivanja efekata napada improvizovanom eksplozivnom napravom u vozilu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Drozd


    елается на снижение негативных последствий после самого нападения. Исходя из предположения, что теракты подобного вида невозможно полностью извести, авторы данной статьи представляют решения по снижению негативных последствий для населения, посвящая особое внимание техническим параметрам различных стредств. Некоторые из предлагаемых мер отличаются простотой применения, в то время как более сложные из них требуют и значительных финансовых вложений. / U radu su razmatrani taktički i tehnički aspekti napada pomoću improvizovane eksplozivne naprave u vozilu (vehicle-borne improvised explosive device - VBIED. Ovakvi napadi obično su usmereni protiv takozvanih mekih ciljeva, odnosno ljudi koji se nađu u zoni planiranog terorističkog akta u trenutku napada. Svrhe ovih napada mogu biti različite, a zajedničko im je izazivanje što većih posledica, prevashodno što većeg broja ljudskih žrtava. Pošto se u radu polazi od pretpostavke da je nemoguće u potpunosti eliminisati napade ove vrste, formulisana su moguća rešenja radi ublažavanja njihovih efekata na ljude, s posebnim osvrtom na tehničke parametre različitih sredstava. Primena pojedinih mera i sredstava je jednostavnija, dok neka složenija sredstva zahtevaju znatnije finansijske resurse.

  8. Production and Purification Immunoglobulin against E. coli in Egg Yolk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammadreza Nassiri


    presence of antibody IgY was confirmed using SDS-PAGE. Purification of IgY was carried out by polyethylene glycol precipitation method using PEG 6000 powder (Merck, Germany based on method of Polson. The purified IgY against E. coli was separated using 10% SDS-PAGE. In order to investigate the effect of the specific anti-E. Coli antibody, mice (Razi, Institute of Iran were randomly distributed into five experimental groups (6mice/group. The mice were kept in conventional animal facilities and received water and food ad libitum. All animal care and procedures were in accordance with institutional policies for animal health and well-being. Experimental groups were including group 1 (mice received IgY orally in drinking water 72 hours before intraperitoneal injection of bacteria and then injected intraperitoneally with 0.5 ml of bacteria E. coli O157: H7, group 2 (mice received IgY orally in drinking water 72 hours before the injection and then injected intraperitoneally with 0.5 ml of deionized water, group 3 (0.5 ml of E. coli O157: H7 incubated with 0.5 ml of the specific anti-E. coli IgY and then 0.5 ml of the incubated solution injected to mice intraperitoneally, group 4 (mice injected with 0.5 ml of IgY and group 5 (mice received 0.5 ml of E. coli O157: H7. Results and Discussion We obtained specific egg yolk antibody against E. coli O157: H7 by immunizing hens with the killed E. coli O157: H7 antigen. The results showed that the IgY was successfully purified from egg yolk. SDS-PAGE analysis showed presence of protein bands 27kDa and 67 kDa of IgY, which correspond to IgY light and heavy chains. Effects of IgY on mice showed that mice received IgY orally in drinking water 72 hours before intraperitoneal injection were protected against bacteria. Also, when specific anti-E. coli IgY was incubated with E.coli O157: H7 for 24 hours and then it was injected to mice led to mice protected against bacteria. The results of our study were agreement with the results of Chae et al

  9. EDITORIAL: Flexible OLEDs and organic electronics Flexible OLEDs and organic electronics (United States)

    Kim, Jang-Joo; Han, Min-Koo; Noh, Yong-Young


    as one of the best candidates for the purpose, and J K Jeong discusses their status and perspectives. Next, several excellent research articles on OFETs follow. In particular, Y-Y Noh et al introduce an interesting method to control charge injection in top-gated OFETs by insertion of various self-assembled monolayers in their paper entitled 'Controlling contact resistance in top-gate polythiophene-based field-effect transistors by molecular engineering'. We would like to thank all the authors for their contributions, which combine new results and profound overviews of the state of the art in flexible OLEDs and organic electronics areas; it is this combination that most often adds to the value of topical issues. Special thanks also go to the staff of IOP Publishing, particularly Ms Alice Malhador, for contributing to the success of this effort. In this special issue, many wonderful reviews and research articles provide a detailed overview of recent progress in OLEDs, OPVs and OFETs as well as a scientific understanding of the device physics with these materials. We sincerely believe this special issue is a timely publication and will give productive information to a broad range of readers. Flexible OLEDs and organic electronics Contents Thin film encapsulation for flexible AM-OLED: a review Jin-Seong Park, Heeyeop Chae, Ho Kyoon Chung and Sang In Lee Large-area OLED lightings and their applications J W Park, D C Shin and S H Park Controlling contact resistance in top-gate polythiophene-based field-effect transistors by molecular engineering Yong-Young Noh, Xiaoyang Cheng, Marta Tello, Mi-Jung Lee and Henning Sirringhaus Branched polythiophene as a new amorphous semiconducting polymer for an organic field-effect transistor Makoto Karakawa, Yutaka Ie and Yoshio Aso Influence of mechanical strain on the electrical properties of flexible organic thin-film transistors Fang-Chung Chen, Tzung-Da Chen, Bing-Ruei Zeng and Ya-Wei Chung Frequency operation of low

  10. Selected Abstracts of the 6th International Congress of UENPS; Valencia (Spain; November 23rd-25th 2016; Session “Heart and development”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    --- Various Authors



  11. Selected Abstracts of the 2nd Congress of joint European Neonatal Societies (jENS 2017; Venice (Italy; October 31-November 4, 2017; Session "Neurology and Follow-up"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    --- Various Authors


    rvelin, P. Hovi, K. Räikkönen, E. KajantieABS 54. BRAIN VOLUMES BY CEREBRAL MRI AND CORRELATIONS WITH PSYCHIATRIC SYMPTOMS IN LOW BIRTHWEIGHT ADULTS • A.M.W. Lærum, L.M. Rimol, S.K. Reitan, A. Brubakk, K.A.I. Evensen, K.J. Bjuland, S. Lydersen, J. Skranes, M.S. IndredavikABS 55. POSTURE AND MOBILITY INFLUENCE ON ATTENTION ABILITIES IN HEALTHY 7 YEARS OLD CHILDREN • H. Ceyte, J. Rosenbaum, S. Caudron, J.-M. HascoetABS 56. SURGICAL DECISION MANAGEMENT IN CHIARI TYPE 2 MALFORMATION: A SINGLE CENTER EXPERIENCE • S.A. Ozdemir, N. Ozdemir, A. Karadag, E.A. OzerABS 57. EFFECTS OF NEURAL STEM CELL MEDIA ON HYPOXIC INJURY IN RAT HIPPOCAMPAL SLICE CULTURES • N.M. Lee, S.A. Chae, H.J. LeeABS 58. A NOVEL CEREBRAL ULTRASOUND SCORING SYSTEM IS ASSOCIATED WITH NEURO­LOGICAL OUTCOME IN NEONATES WITH HYPOXIC-ISCHEMIC ENCEPHALOPATHY • K. Annink, F. Groenendaal, M. Lequin, D. Vijlbrief, L. de Vries, M. Benders, J. DudinkABS 59. MONITORING THE ENERGY METABOLISM IN PLASMA FROM NEWBORNS WITH HYPOXIC-ISCHEMIC ENCEPHALOPATHY (HIE DURING THERAPEUTIC HYPOTHERMIA • Á. Sánchez-Illana, A. Núñez-Ramiro, M. Cernada, A. Parra, E. Valverde, D. Blanco, M.T. Moral-Pumarega, F. Cabañas, H. Boix, A. Pavon, M. Chaffanel, I. Benavente-Fernández, I. Tofe, B. Loureiro, J.R. Fernández-Lorenzo, B. Fernández-Colomer, J. Kuligowski, M. Vento; the HYPOTOP Study GroupABS 60. PHOSPHOLIPID SYNTHESIS RELATED BIOMARKERS IN PLASMA FROM NEWBORNS WITH HYPOXIC-ISCHEMIC ENCEPHALOPATHY • J. Kuligowski, Á. Sánchez-Illana, J.D. Piñeiro-Ramos, A. Núñez-Ramiro, M. Cernada, A. Parra, E. Valverde, D. Blanco, M.T. Moral-Pumarega, F. Cabañas, H. Boix, A. Pavon, M. Chaffanel, I. Benavente-Fernández, I. Tofe, B. Loureiro, J.R. Fernández-Lorenzo, B. Fernández-Colomer, M. Vento; the HYPOTOP Study GroupABS 61. CEREBROSPINAL FLUID LACTATE IN NEWBORN AND PRETERM INFANTS. PILOT DATA • G. Uclés, D. Arjona, R. Borrego, R. Díaz, M.D. Sánchez-Redondo, A. EscobarABS 62. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN INTRAUTERINE AND