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Sample records for belford roxo industrial

  1. Toxicity Identification Evaluation (TIE) of Belford Roxo industrial plant effluent and its contribution in water quality of downstream of Sarapui River, Iguacu River sub-basin, Baia da Guanabara Basin, RJ, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The quality of Belford Roxo Industrial Plant effluent and water from Sarapui River were evaluated with Daphnia similis, Ceriodaphnia dubia and Danio rerio acute and chronic toxicity tests. In association with the ecotoxicological monitoring, the Toxicity Identification Evaluation procedure were performed and the identification of the toxic compounds was possible. The Chloride ion was identified as the major toxic compound in the effluent with additional effects of Metals, Ammonium and Sulfide. For the Sarapui River, the compounds of Phosphorus and Nitrogen were identified as the major toxic compounds with addictive effects of Metals, Ammonium and Sulfide. Although the environmental impact estimation based on the effluent toxicity suggests a minor impact on the water quality of Sarapui River, this was already sufficiently contaminated to make impracticable the establishment of an aquatic community. The constant discharge of untreated sludge promotes the eutrophication of this water body and makes impossible the equilibrium of this ecosystem. (author)

  2. Toxicity Identification Evaluation (TIE) of Belford Roxo industrial plant effluent and its contribution in water quality of downstream of Sarapui River, Iguacu River sub-basin, Baia da Guanabara Basin, RJ, Brazil; Avaliacao e identificacao da toxicidade (Toxity Identification Evaluation - TIE) do efluente liquido do polo industrial de Belford Roxo, RJ, e sua contribuicao na qualidade das aguas do corso inferior do Rio Sarapui, sub-bacia do Rio Iguacu, Bacia da Baia da Guanabara, RJ, Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pires, Luiz Eduardo Botelho

    2006-07-01

    The quality of Belford Roxo Industrial Plant effluent and water from Sarapui River were evaluated with Daphnia similis, Ceriodaphnia dubia and Danio rerio acute and chronic toxicity tests. In association with the ecotoxicological monitoring, the Toxicity Identification Evaluation procedure were performed and the identification of the toxic compounds was possible. The Chloride ion was identified as the major toxic compound in the effluent with additional effects of Metals, Ammonium and Sulfide. For the Sarapui River, the compounds of Phosphorus and Nitrogen were identified as the major toxic compounds with addictive effects of Metals, Ammonium and Sulfide. Although the environmental impact estimation based on the effluent toxicity suggests a minor impact on the water quality of Sarapui River, this was already sufficiently contaminated to make impracticable the establishment of an aquatic community. The constant discharge of untreated sludge promotes the eutrophication of this water body and makes impossible the equilibrium of this ecosystem. (author)

  3. Enxertia em figueira 'Roxo de Valinhos' por borbulhia e garfagem

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    Tailene Elisa Kotz

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Com o intuito de desenvolver um protocolo de enxertia em estacas não enraizadas de figueira 'Roxo de Valinhos' (Ficus carica L., foram realizados dois experimentos com aplicação de duas técnicas de propagação: borbulhia e garfagem. No primeiro experimento, estacas lenhosas de 20 cm de comprimento, coletadas da porção mediana dos ramos, de junho a setembro, foram enxertadas por borbulhia tipo placa e "T" normal. No segundo experimento, os propágulos foram coletados em julho e as estacas foram enxertadas pelo método da garfagem, imergindo-se metade das estacas em solução de 2.000 mg L-1 de AIB por 10 segundos e metade permaneceu como controle. Os enxertos foram protegidos com sacos plásticos transparentes (18 x 3 cm, mantidos por 0, 15, 30, 45 e 60 dias. Posteriormente, as estacas dos dois experimentos foram enterradas a 2/3 de seu comprimento em leito de areia, sob telado (sombrite com 50% de luminosidade. Aos 60 e 120 dias após a enxertia, mensuraram-se a porcentagem de borbulhas e garfos vivos, a porcentagem de borbulhas e garfos brotados, a porcentagem de borbulhas e garfos vivos em porta-enxertos enraizados e o comprimento médio da brotação do enxerto. Concluiu-se que a enxertia da figueira 'Roxo de Valinhos' pode ser efetuada por borbulhia, pelo método "T", e por garfagem, devendo-se efetuar a imersão das estacas em AIB e proteger os garfos por 60 dias.

  4. Alterações de características químicas de um Latossolo Roxo distrófico incubado com resíduos da indústria álcool-açucareira Effects of sugar-alcohol industry residues on the chemical characteristics of a dystrophic Dusky Red Latosol in incubation

    OpenAIRE

    Otávio Antônio de Camargo; Ronaldo Severiano Berton; Rodolfo N. Geraldi; José Maria Aires da Silva Valadares

    1984-01-01

    Foi feito um estudo de incubação (3, 7, 14, 30 e 60 dias), num Latossolo Roxo distrófico, com o objetivo de verificar os efeitos da adição de vinhaça "in natura", vinhaça concentrada, vinhaça seca, torta de filtro e cinza de caldeira em algumas características químicas desse solo com o tempo de incubação. Usaram-se os referidos resíduos como fonte de potássio e aplicaram-se quantidades correspondentes a 300 e 750kg/ha de K. Em todos os tratamentos, exceto nos incubados com cinza de caldeira, ...

  5. Alterações de características químicas de um Latossolo Roxo distrófico incubado com resíduos da indústria álcool-açucareira Effects of sugar-alcohol industry residues on the chemical characteristics of a dystrophic Dusky Red Latosol in incubation

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    Otávio Antônio de Camargo

    1984-01-01

    Full Text Available Foi feito um estudo de incubação (3, 7, 14, 30 e 60 dias, num Latossolo Roxo distrófico, com o objetivo de verificar os efeitos da adição de vinhaça "in natura", vinhaça concentrada, vinhaça seca, torta de filtro e cinza de caldeira em algumas características químicas desse solo com o tempo de incubação. Usaram-se os referidos resíduos como fonte de potássio e aplicaram-se quantidades correspondentes a 300 e 750kg/ha de K. Em todos os tratamentos, exceto nos incubados com cinza de caldeira, houve um abaixamento do pH entre o 3.º e o 60.º dia de incubação; no entanto, todos eles apresentaram pH mais elevado que o da testemunha no fim do ensaio, 60° dia. O teor de nitrato diminuiu, com o tempo, para os tratamentos com vinhaça seca, torta de filtro e cinza de caldeira, sendo que o P solúvel em H2SO4 0,05N só aumentou nesses dois últimos tratamentos. Praticamente, todo o K, Ca e Mg colocados apareceram em forma solúvel em HNO3 0,05N, com exceção do K para a cinza de caldeira e Ca e Mg para a torta de filtro.A study in incubation (3, 7, 14, 30, and 60 days was carried out in a Dusky Red Latosol in order to evaluate the effects of stillage, filter cake, and boiler ash for some chemical characteristics of that soil. All residues were used as potassium source and it was applied at the rate of 300 and 750kg/ha of K. After 60 days of incubation electrical conductivity and pH of all treatments showed to be higher than the control. The nitrate content decreased with time for the dry stillage, filter cake and boiler ash and H2SO4 0.05N soluble in the last two treatments. Practically all applied K, Ca and Mg, were recovered in the HNO3 0.05N soluble form, with the exception of K from boiler ash (50% and Ca and Mg from the filter cake (57 and 64% respectively.

  6. Avaliação de seleções mutantes de figueira cv. Roxo-de-Valinhos Evaluation of fig mutant selections cv. Roxo-de-Valinhos

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    Maria Gabriela Fontanetti Rodrigues

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available A figueira (Ficus carica L., pertencente à família das Moráceas, constitui-se numa das mais importantes frutíferas cultivadas, elevando o Brasil à condição de décimo maior produtor e exportador de figos do mundo. Porém, a ficicultura apresenta alguns problemas fitossanitários, além de, no Brasil, estar toda implantada com uma única cultivar, a Roxo-de-Valinhos, que produz frutos sem sementes, inviabilizando o melhoramento convencional. Nesse sentido, o melhoramento genético, com o uso de mutagênicos, passa a ser uma linha de pesquisa altamente importante, podendo contribuir enormemente para o desenvolvimento da cultura. Diante disto, o objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar seleções mutantes de figueira originadas de plantas formadas por estacas provenientes de gemas irradiadas com raio gama, bem como compará-las com as principais cultivares da cultura em plantio comercial. Utilizou-se de plantas originadas de estacas de 5 cultivares tradicionais de figueira e de cinco seleções de figueiras mutantes (formadas por estacas originadas de gemas da cultivar Roxo-de-Valinhos irradiadas com raio gama, na dose de 30 Gy, cultivadas em espaçamento de 2,5 x 1,5 m. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi o de blocos inteiramente casualizados, contendo 10 tratamentos, com 3 repetições e 5 plantas por parcela. As avaliações foram realizadas a partir do desenvolvimento vegetativo das plantas, bem como as características dos frutos. Da análise dos dados, conclui-se que há variabilidade entre as seleções mutantes e destas com as cultivares tradicionais, e que o tratamento PI-189 foi superior à cultivar-padrão Roxo-de-Valinhos em características de grande importância comercial, como "número de frutos por planta", "massa média por fruto" e "produtividade", igualando-se nas demais características, mostrando-se, assim, com enorme potencial para posteriores estudos.The fig (Ficus carica L., belonging to the Moraceas family, is

  7. Renovação do carbono-13 em figueiras 'Roxo de Valinhos' Carbon-13 turnover in fig trees 'Roxo de Valinhos'

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    Andréa Carvalho da Silva

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do trabalho foi determinar a taxa de renova��ão do carbono-13 ("turnover", dos diferentes órgãos da figueira 'Roxo de Valinhos'. O experimento foi conduzido no pomar da Faculdade de Ciências Agronômicas, FCA/UNESP, Câmpus de Botucatu-SP. Determinou-se previamente, através das trocas gasosas com um medidor aberto portátil de fotossíntese, IRGA, a principal folha fotossinteticamente ativa. Essa folha foi colocada em uma câmara onde ocorreu a injeção do gás enriquecido. O tempo de enriquecimento da folha foi de 30 minutos. Os tratamentos foram constituídos por sete plantas de figueira, que foram retiradas do solo após: 6; 24; 48; 72; 120; 168 e 360 horas do enriquecimento com 13C, e suas partes seccionadas em: gema apical, folha jovem, folhas adultas (fotossinteticamente ativas, brotações laterais, frutos e ramo. Os resultados obtidos permitiram o estabelecimento da sequência de metabolização do carbono-13 nas partições estudadas: Folhas novas > Frutos > Brotações > Folhas Adultas > Gema Apical > Ramo > Folha marcada. Plantas de figueira 'Roxo de Valinhos' apresentam reciclagem do 13C de 24 horas e um tempo de meia-vida de duração do carbono-13 inferior a 11 horas.The aim of this study was to assess carbon-13 turnover in different organs of the fig tree cultivar 'Roxo de Valinhos'. The experiment was carried out in an orchard at School of Agronomical Sciences, FCA/UNESP, Botucatu Campus, São Paulo State, Brazil. The main photosynthetically active leaf was previously determined based on gas exchanges by means of an open portable photosynthesis system, IRGA. That leaf was placed in a chamber where the enriched gas injection occurred. The leaf enrichment time was 30 minutes. Treatments were constituted of seven fig trees harvested of soil after: 6; 24; 48; 72; 120; 168 and 360 hours of enrichment using 13C, and their parts were sectioned into: apical bud, young leaves, adult leaves (photosynthetically active

  8. Growth and symptomatological aspects in the acclimatization of ipê roxo

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    João Paulo Rodrigues Martins

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This work evaluated the influence of seal type and substrate type on pre-acclimatization, and symptomatological aspects relating to acclimatization of ipê-roxo. For the pre-acclimatization, ipê-roxo plants obtained through an in vitro zygotic embryo culture were aseptically inoculated in test tubes with different types of seal (cotton plug, plastic cap + parafilm and plastic lid and different substrates (agar, vermiculite and Plantmax® supplemented with a WPM culture medium with 1 gL-1 of activated charcoal, 10 mgL-1 of citric acid and 30 gL-1 of sucrose added. For the acclimatization, in vitro ipê-roxo plants were transplanted into 56-cm3 plastic tubes containing vermiculite and Plantmax® at a 2:1 ratio which had been previously autoclaved at 121oC and 1 atm for 20 minutes. Once transplanted, the plants were irrigated with different concentrations of the MS medium (25%, 50%, 75%, 100% and 150%, using distilled water as control. After 30 days, the effects of seal type and substrate type on pre-acclimatization were examined. Cotton can be recommended where Plantmax® or vermiculite is used as substrate. In the acclimatization it was noted that where plants were irrigated with distilled water and concentrations < 50% they showed symptoms of nutritional deficiency. Similar symptoms were observed when using MS medium at a concentration equal to or greater than 100%. The 75% MS concentration was found to be the most effective at maintaining the nutritional vigor of ipê-roxo seedlings in the process of acclimatization.

  9. Otimização de protocolo para micropropagação da figueira "Roxo de Valinhos" Protocol otimization for micropropagation of 'Roxo de Valinhos' fig tree

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    Ester Alice Ferreira

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Foram avaliados os efeitos de alterações na concentração de sacarose, do meio WPM - Wood Plant Medium - e da variação no número de gemas por segmento com diferentes doses de cinetina. Os experimentos foram conduzidos no Laboratório de Cultura de Tecidos da Universidade Federal de Lavras, utilizando plântulas previamente estabelecidas in vitro, seguindo o delineamento experimental inteiramente casualizado, em esquema fatorial 5 x 4. Os resultados mostraram que, na multiplicação de brotações de figueira "Roxo de Valinhos", podem-se usar 100% do meio WPM com adição de 10gL-1 de sacarose. Foram obtidos brotos alongados quando foi usado o meio WPM sem adição de cinetina e segmentos com uma ou duas gemas. A adição de cinetina a 0,5mgL-1 e a utilização de segmentos com três gemas promoveu maior número de brotações.Effects of different concentration of sucrose on Wood Plant Medium -WPM and variations on number of bud/plantlets with different doses of kinetin were evaluated on this research. The experiments were carried out in the Tissue Culture Laboratory at Federal University of Lavras, using plantlets which was already established in vitro. The experimental design adopted was the complete randomized in factorial scheme 5 x 4. The results revealed that better sprouts multiplication of ‘Roxo de Valinhos' fig plants occurred in WPM medium, 100% salts, added with 10gL-1 of sucrose and the sprout elongation in WPM medium without kinetin taking explants within one or two buds. Adding 0.5mgL-1 of kinetin and taking explants with tree buds promoted larger sprouts number.

  10. Renovação do carbono-13 em figueiras 'Roxo de Valinhos'

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    Andréa Carvalho da Silva

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do trabalho foi determinar a taxa de renovação do carbono-13 ("turnover", dos diferentes órgãos da figueira 'Roxo de Valinhos'. O experimento foi conduzido no pomar da Faculdade de Ciências Agronômicas, FCA/UNESP, Câmpus de Botucatu-SP. Determinou-se previamente, através das trocas gasosas com um medidor aberto portátil de fotossíntese, IRGA, a principal folha fotossinteticamente ativa. Essa folha foi colocada em uma câmara onde ocorreu a injeção do gás enriquecido. O tempo de enriquecimento da folha foi de 30 minutos. Os tratamentos foram constituídos por sete plantas de figueira, que foram retiradas do solo após: 6; 24; 48; 72; 120; 168 e 360 horas do enriquecimento com 13C, e suas partes seccionadas em: gema apical, folha jovem, folhas adultas (fotossinteticamente ativas, brotações laterais, frutos e ramo. Os resultados obtidos permitiram o estabelecimento da sequência de metabolização do carbono-13 nas partições estudadas: Folhas novas > Frutos > Brotações > Folhas Adultas > Gema Apical > Ramo > Folha marcada. Plantas de figueira 'Roxo de Valinhos' apresentam reciclagem do 13C de 24 horas e um tempo de meia-vida de duração do carbono-13 inferior a 11 horas.

  11. Condutividade e difusividade térmica do figo (Ficus carica L. "Roxo de Valinhos" Conductivity and thermal diffusivity of fig fruit (Ficus carica L. "Roxo de Valinhos"

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    Saul D. Sarria

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available O resfriamento e/ou congelamento de produtos hortícolas, depois da colheita, é realizado com o objetivo de retirar o calor desses produtos, permitindo-lhes, em função disso, um tempo maior de conservação. Portanto, o conhecimento das propriedades físicas que envolvem transferência de calor do figo "Roxo de Valinhos" é útil para o cálculo de projetos e a análise de sistemas de engenharia de alimentos em geral, assim como para o emprego em equações de modelos matemáticos termodinâmicos. Neste trabalho, foram determinadas, experimentalmente, a condutividade e a difusividade térmica do figo inteiro no estádio rami e, a partir desses valores, foi determinado o calor específico. Foi utilizado o método transiente da Fonte Linear de Calor. Foi introduzida nas frutas uma sonda que contém resistência elétrica e termopares. Para manter constante a temperatura da fruta, montou-se um sistema de resfriamento a água. Encontrou-se que o figo rami apresentou um valor de condutividade térmica de 0,52 W m-1 °C, difusividade térmica de 1,56 x 10-7 m² s-1, massa específica do figo de 815,6 kg m-3 e calor específico de 4,07 kJ kg-1 °C.The post harvest cooling and/or freezing processes for horticultural products have been carried out with the objective of removing the heat from these products, allowing them a bigger period of conservation. Therefore, the knowledge of the physical properties that involve heat transference in the fig fruit "Roxo de Valinhos" is useful for calculating projects and systems of food engineering in general, as well as, for using in equations of thermodynamic mathematical models. The values of conductivity and thermal diffusivity of the whole fig fruit-rami index were determined, and from these values it was determined the value of the specific heat. For these determination it was used the transient method of the Line Heat Source. The results shown that the fig fruit has a thermal conductivity of 0.52 W m-1

  12. Sistema desponte na produção de figos verdes 'Roxo de Valinhos' Lopping system in the production of 'Roxo de Valinhos' green fig

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    Marcelo Angelo Campagnolo

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar o efeito do sistema desponte sobre o desenvolvimento e a produção de figos verdes 'Roxo de Valinhos'. O experimento utilizando plantas de quatro anos de idade, com espaçamento 3 x 2m, foi conduzido de julho de 2007 a março de 2008, em Quatro Pontes, Paraná (PR. O delineamento utilizado foi em blocos ao acaso, com quatro blocos, e os tratamentos foram arranjados em fatorial 2 x 5, tomando por fatores o número de ramos produtivos (plantas conduzidas com seis ou 12 ramos e o número de despontes (um, dois, três ou quatro, além do controle sem desponte. No sistema desponte, após a emissão da 16a folha, o ramo foi despontado (gema apical removida, selecionando-se duas brotações por ramo produtivo. Novos despontes foram realizados posteriormente, sempre após a emissão da sexta folha. Em cada parcela, constituída de três plantas úteis, foram coletados dados no ciclo de produção 2007/08. A maior produção (2.208,87g planta-1 e produtividade estimada (3.681,19kg ha-1 observada de figos verdes foram obtidas quando as plantas foram conduzidas com 12 ramos produtivos, efetuando-se três despontes.The objective of this research was to study the effect of the lopping system on the development and production of green figs 'Roxo de Valinhos'. The experiment using plants of four years of age, with spaced 3 x 2m, was conducted from July/2007 to March/2008 in Quatro Pontes, PR. The design was randomized blocks with four blocks, and the treatments arranged in a 2 x 5, taking as factors the number of productive branches (plants conducted with six or twelve branches and the number of loppings (one, two, three or four, besides the control without lopping. In the lopping system, after the emission of the 16th leaf, the branch was blunted (apical bud removed, selecting two sprouting per productive branches. New lopping was accomplished later, always after the emission of sixth leaf. In each plot, consisting of

  13. Trocas gasosas e ciclo fotossintético da figueira 'Roxo de Valinhos' Gas exchanges and cycle fhotosynthetic in fig tree 'Roxo de Valinhos'

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    Andréa Carvalho da Silva

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available No presente trabalho, determinaram-se as trocas gasosas de folhas de figueira 'Roxo de valinhos' e o ciclo fotossintético por meio da relação isotópica 12C/13C. Essas medidas foram realizadas sempre na região mediana das folhas, completamente expandidas e totalmente expostas à radiação solar, no período das 09h00min às 10h30min. As folhas fotossinteticamente ativas da figueira apresentaram área foliar em torno de 160cm², com uma assimilação de 14,38µmol m-2 s-1 de CO2, cujos valores isotópicos médios no ramo 1 e no 2 são -28,98±0,69‰ e -29,28±0,85‰, respectivamente. Com base nos valores da fotossíntese máxima e na discriminação isotópica do 13C, evidenciou-se que a figueira pode ser considerada uma planta do ciclo fotossintético C3.In the present research, it was determined the gas exchange of the 'Roxo de Valinhos' fig tree and the cycle photosynthetic through the isotopic relation 12C/13C. These measures were always carried in the average region of the leaves, completely expanded, entirely displayed to the solar radiation, in the period from 09h00min to 10h30min. The sheets photosynthetic active leaf area had around 160cm², with 14.38 -2 s-1 assimilation CO2, and mean isotopic values in the branch 1 and 2 of -28.98±0.69‰ and -29.28±0,85‰, respectively. Based in the values of the maximum photosynthesis and in the discrimination isotopic of the 13C, the fig tree can be considered a plant which belongs to photosynthetic C3 cycle.

  14. Propagação da figueira 'Roxo de Valinhos' por alporquia Propagation of the fig tree 'Roxo de Valinhos' by air layering

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    Simone Daneluz

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do presente trabalho foi estudar a posição do ramo associada a diferentes ferimentos, substratos e concentrações de ácido indolbutírico (AIB no enraizamento de alporques de figueira 'Roxo de Valinhos'. No primeiro experimento, foram realizados alporques na porção basal, mediana e apical dos ramos, no início do mês de março. No preparo dos alporques, foram realizados diferentes ferimentos: anel inteiro (anéis de três cm de comprimento, dois cortes (cortes paralelos de três cm de comprimento e um cm de largura, um corte (corte de três cm de comprimento e um cm de largura e a testemunha com ausência de corte. Em seguida, colocou-se, no local do tratamento, substrato à base de casca de pínus umedecido, envolvendo-se com plástico transparente e amarrando-se nas extremidades, para evitar a perda de umidade. Passados 50 dias, os alporques foram removidos para a avaliação da porcentagem de alporques calejados, enraizados e o número médio de raízes. Em seguida, foram transplantados para leito de areia umedecido sob telado constituído de sombrite com 50% de luminosidade. Passados 30 dias, foram mensurados a porcentagem de alporques vivos e brotados, e o número médio de brotos. No segundo experimento, os alporques foram realizados no mês de abril, na porção mediana dos ramos, sem ferimento, aplicando-se no local, diferentes concentrações de AIB (0; 1.000; 2.000 e 3.000 mg L-1 e, em seguida, foram envolvidos pelos seguintes substratos: casca de pínus umedecido, esfagno umedecido e a mistura de ambos na proporção 1:1 v/v. Passados 60 dias, os alporques foram removidos para a mensuração da porcentagem de alporques calejados, enraizados e o número médio de raízes. Concluiu-se que os alporques devem ser realizados na porção mediana dos ramos, ausentes de ferimento, tratados com 1.000 mg L-1 de AIB e envolvidos com substrato à base de casca de pínus.The objective of the present work was to study the position

  15. Rooting of hardwood cuttings of Roxo de Valinhos fig (Ficus carica L. with different propagation strategies

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    Gilmar Antônio Nava

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate the substrate, cuttings collection time, the position and the cutting depth, and the propagation environment on rooting of 'Purple Valinhos' fig tree cuttings in Southwestern Paraná, Brazil. Two experiments were carried out at UTFPR, Câmpus Dois Vizinhos, with hardwoods cuttings from Roxo de Valinhos fig tree. The first experiment used a randomized block design, in 3 x 3 x 2 factorial (substrate x environment x collection time, with four replications of 10 cuttings per plot. The cuttings were collected in the first fifteen days of July and August. The substrates were sand, soil and the mixture of these [1:1 (v / v]. The environments used were open sky, tunnel with plastic cover and tunnel with half-shade black net cover. The second experiment used a randomized block design, 2 x 2 x 3 factorial (shoot cutting position x soil cover x shoot cutting depth, with four replications of 12 cuttings per plot. In the factor position, the vertically (0 º inclination and inclined (45 º inclination shoot cuttings were evaluated. Soil cover was tested with mulching plastic cover or not. The tested depths were 1/3, 1/2 and 2/3 in relation to the total length of the shoot cutting. In both experiments, the following were analyzed: rooting and mortality indices, number of leaves and primary shoots, length of the three largest roots per cutting. It was conclude that, the protected environment with plastic cover on sand as substrate must recommended for the rooting of fig estaca, collecting them in the first half of July. The inclination position and cutting depth of the estaca and the substrate coverage with plastic mulching did not influence the results.

  16. Produtividade e qualidade de figos Roxo de Valinhos submetidos à fertirrigação e ao armazenamento refrigerado

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    Diniz Fronza

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available A baixa produtividade de figos no Brasil geralmente está relacionada com as deficiências hídrica e nutricional. Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito da fertirrigação com doses de nitrogênio e potássio sobre a produtividade e qualidade dos figos do cultivar Roxo de Valinhos durante o armazenamento refrigerado. O experimento de campo foi realizado durante dois anos, e que no último ano os frutos foram armazenados na temperatura de 0,5 °C por 15 dias. Os tratamentos consistiram da combinação das doses de 150, 250, 350 e 450 kg ha-1 de nitrogênio (N e 150, 250 e 350 kg ha¹ de potássio (K fornecidas via fertirrigação. Segundo os resultados, doses de até 250 kg ha-1 de N e K na fertirrigação elevam a produtividade de figos Roxo de Valinhos, e estas doses conduzem a maior produtividade entre os tratamentos avaliados. A fertirrigação aumentou em 96,7% a produtividade de figos verdes e 49% a de figos maduros em comparação ao tratamento padrão. Os níveis de N, K e a forma de aplicação não influenciam a qualidade dos frutos durante o armazenamento refrigerado.

  17. Enraizamento de estacas apicais lenhosas de figueira 'Roxo de Valinhos'com aplicação de AIB e cianamida hidrogenada Rooting of apical hardwood cuttings of fig tree 'Roxo de Valinhos' with application of IBA and hydrogen cyanamide

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    Tatiane Ohland

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar a ação do AIB e cianamida hidrogenada no enraizamento de estacas apicais lenhosas de figueira 'Roxo de Valinhos'. Estacas caulinares lenhosas da porção apical dos ramos, coletadas no final da primeira quinzena de julho, foram padronizadas com 20 cm de comprimento e diâmetro próximo a sete mm. As estacas foram tratada ou não com AIB a 2.000 mg L-1 por 10 seg. e, em seguida, foram enterradas em leito de areia umedecido sob telado constituído de sombrite com 50% de luminosidade. Imediatamente após o plantio, cinco cm do ápice das estacas foram pincelados, com diferentes concentrações de cianamida hidrogenada: 0; 5; 10; 15; 20 e 25 mL L-1. Passados 60 dias da estaquia, foram mensurados a porcentagem de estacas vivas, enraizadas, brotadas, o número médio das brotações e raízes, além do comprimento médio das brotações. Uma amostragem de cada tratamento foi transplantada para sacolas plásticas com capacidade de 3 L (30 x 18 cm, preenchidas com substrato à base de casca de pínus e foram desbrotadas, preservando apenas uma única brotação por estaca. Aos 30; 60 e 90 dias após o transplantio, mensurou-se o comprimento médio da brotação. Para a melhoria do enraizamento adventícios, emissão e crescimento das brotações em estacas lenhosas apicais de figueira, devem-se aplicar 2.000 mg L-1 de AIB associados com 10 mL L-1 de cianamida hidrogenada.The objective of the present work was to verify the action of IBA and hydrogen cyanamide in the rooting of fig tree apical cuttings 'Roxo de Valinhos'. Woody cutting of apical portion was collected in the end of first fifteen days of July, standardized with 20 cm of length and seven millimeters of diameter. The cutting was treated or not with 2000 mg L-1 of IBA for 10 seconds. Soon after, the cuttings were buried in bed of sand humidified in nursery conditions with 50% of brightness. Immediately after the plantation, five cm of the apex of

  18. Seleção de clones de figueira cv. roxo de Valinhos formados por gemas irradiadas

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    Maria Gabriela Fontanetti Rodrigues

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available A figueira (Ficus carica L., pertencente à família das Moráceas, constitui-se numa das mais importantes frutíferas cultivadas, elevando o Brasil à condição de décimo maior produtor e exportador de figos do mundo. Porém, a ficicultura apresenta alguns problemas fitossanitários, além de, no Brasil, estar toda implantada com uma única cultivar, a Roxo de Valinhos, que produz frutos sem sementes, inviabilizando o melhoramento convencional. Nesse sentido, o melhoramento genético, com o uso de mutagênicos, passa a ser uma linha de pesquisa altamente importante, podendo contribuir enormemente para o desenvolvimento da cultura. Diante disto, o objetivo do presente trabalho foi selecionar mutantes em plantas de figueira formadas por estacas irradiadas com raios gama, a fim de aumentar sua variabilidade genética com relação ao desenvolvimento vegetativo e reprodutivo. Utilizaram-se plantas formadas por estacas originadas de gemas da cultivar Roxo de Valinhos irradiadas com raios gama, no irradiador tipo Gamma a 0,10 m do ápice, na dose de Gy com taxa de dose de 238 Gy/h. O experimento constou de 450 tratamentos, sendo cada planta formada considerada um tratamento, numerando-as sequencialmente de 1 a 450 e cultivadas em espaçamento de 2,5 x 1,5 m.. As avaliações foram realizadas a partir das características tanto das folhas quanto dos frutos, bem como da incidência das principais pragas e doenças da cultura nestas plantas. Da análise dos dados, conclui-se que há variabilidade genética entre os tratamentos e que algumas plantas são prováveis mutantes, mostrando-se assim com potencial para posteriores estudos, devendo ser testadas em plantios comerciais.

  19. Estimativas da área da folha de figueiras 'Roxo de Valinhos' usando dimensões lineares do limbo foliar

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    Adilson Pacheco de Souza

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Neste estudo, objetivou-se gerar e validar modelos de estimativa da área da folha da figueira 'Roxo de Valinhos' a partir de medidas lineares de fácil obtenção. Foram coletadas 600 folhas, incluindo-se o máximo de variabilidade quanto ao tamanho, idade e formato, sendo, destas, 200 empregadas na validação das regressões. Empregaram-se os indicativos estatísticos MBE, RMSE, índice de ajustamento e índice de desempenho para avaliação da performance de 51 modelos estimativa, obtidos com base nas aplicações das medidas de comprimento, largura e transversal da folha e suas respectivas interações. Os melhores resultados foram obtidos pelas equações AF=0,1289(C+C1+C21,8450 e AF=0,9781[(C+C1+C2/3]1,8451, que propiciam desvios e espalhamentos de 0,63 e 47,85cm², com ajustamentos, correlações e desempenhos superiores a 91, 95 e 87%, respectivamente. Nas estimativas com base em apenas uma medida, deve-se aplicar a equação AF=2,879 C1,5451.

  20. Enraizamento de estacas apicais de figueira 'Roxo de Valinhos' em função de época de coleta e AIB Rooting of apical cuttings of 'Roxo de Valinhos' fig tree as a function of the collection time and IBA

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    Tatiane Ohland

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Estacas apicais de figueira 'Roxo de Valinhos' coletadas em épocas distintas, podem apresentar enraizamento diferenciado, o que propiciará, na prática, saber em qual época devem-se aproveitar as estacas para a produção de mudas. Objetivou-se, no presente trabalho, avaliar a época de coleta e o tratamento com AIB, no enraizamento de estacas apicais da figueira 'Roxo de Valinhos'. Estacas caulinares lenhosas da porção apical dos ramos, coletadas no final da primeira quinzena dos meses de maio, junho, julho, agosto e setembro, foram padronizadas com 20 cm de comprimento e diâmetro próximo a 7 mm e tratadas ou não com AIB à 2000 mg L-1, por 10 seg. Em seguida, as estacas foram enterradas em leito de areia umedecido, sob telado constituído de sombrite com 50% de luminosidade. Decorridos 60 dias, foi mensurada a porcentagem de estacas vivas, enraizadas, brotadas, número médio de brotações e raízes por estaca. Concluiu-se que as estacas apicais de figueira 'Roxo de Valinhos' devem ser coletadas em junho e, posteriormente, tratadas com 2000 mg L-1 de AIB.Apical cuttings of 'Roxo de Valinhos' fig tree collected at different times, may present differentiated rooting, which could propitiate, in practice, the knowledge of the right moment to use the cuttings for their propagation. The aim of the present work was to verify the effect of the collection time of the cutting and the treatment with IBA on the rooting of the apical cuttings of 'Roxo de Valinhos' fig tree. Woody cuttings of apical portion of the branches were collected at the end of the first fortnight of the months May, June, July, August, and September. They were standardized at 20 cm length and 7 mm diameter. The cutting was treated or not with 2000 mg L-1 IBA for 10 seconds. Soon after, the cuttings were buried in a moist sand bed at nursery conditions with 50% light. After 60 days, the percentage of live cuttings and their rooting, shooting, average number of shoots and

  1. Polietileno de baixa densidade (PEBD na conservação pós-colheita de figos cv. "Roxo de Valinhos" Low densidty polyetilene (LDPE, in the postharvest conservation of fig cv. "Roxo de Valinhos" stored under cold storage

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    LEANDRO CAMARGO NEVES

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Estudou-se o efeito de diferentes embalagens de polietileno em figos cv. "Roxo de Valinhos", sob condições de frigoconservação. Os frutos colhidos no início do estádio de maturação, foram limpos e selecionados, sendo após embalados em filmes plásticos de polietileno de diferentes espessuras, constituindo assim os tratamentos: 1(controle, 2 - PEBD com 6 µm de espessura, 3 - PEBD com 10 µm de espessura, 4 - PEBD com 15 µm de espessura, 5 - PEBD com 22 µm de espessura. Os frutos foram então armazenados em câmara fria com temperatura de -- 0,5 °C e 85-90 % de UR, por oito dias. As análises foram realizadas diariamente, avaliando-se os seguintes parâmetros: perda de massa fresca, aspecto visual, firmeza de polpa, sólidos solúveis totais (SST, acidez total titulável (ATT e relação SST/ATT. Ao final, verificou-se que os frutos embalados em PEBD de 22 µm apresentaram maior firmeza de polpa, melhor aspecto visual, menores teores de sólidos solúveis totais, maiores níveis de acidez total titulável e menores valores na relação SST/ATT, quando comparados aos demais tratamentos. No parâmetro perda de massa fresca, todos os tratamentos foram estatisticamente superiores ao controle.It was studied the effect of different polyetilene packings in figs cv. "Roxo de Valinhos" under cold storage conditions. The fruits were picked out at the beginning of the maturation stadium, cleaned and selected, and then packeted in polyetilene films plastic of different thickness, as follows: 1 (control, 2 - LDPE with 6 µm of thickness, 3 - LDPE with 10 µm of thickness, 4 - LDPE with 15 µm of thickness, 5 - LDPE with 22 µm of thickness, the fruits were stored in cold chamber with temperature of - 0,5 °C and 85-90 % of RH, for eight days. The analyses were carried out daily, being evaluated the following parameters: loss of fresh mass, visual aspect, fresh firmness, total soluble solids, titritable total acidity and relation TSS/ATT. At the

  2. Composição química do capim-elefante cv. Roxo cortado em diferentes alturas Chemical composition of elephant grass var. Roxo cut at different heights

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    Estácio Alves dos Santos

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar o efeito dos cortes efetuados a 0, 15, 30 e 45 cm sobre a composição química do capim-elefante (Pennisetum purpureum, Schum. cv. Roxo, em épocas seca e chuvosa. As amostras foram obtidas de uma área útil de 8,4 m² de cada parcela. Após o corte de uniformização, efetuaram-se dois cortes no período seco, em intervalos de 90 dias, e três no período chuvoso, em intervalos de 60 dias. De cada parcela foi tomada uma amostra de 3 a 5 perfilhos, desidratada em estufa e triturada para analises laboratoriais. Foram avaliados os percentuais de matéria seca (MS, proteína bruta (PB, fibra em detergente neutro (FDN, fibra em detergente ácido (FDA, celulose (CEL, hemicelulose (HCEL, lignina (LIG e cinzas. As alturas de corte não influenciaram a composição química da forrageira, nem houve interação com as épocas. Com exceção de hemicelulose e cinzas, os cortes na época seca mostraram resultados superiores à chuvosa. As médias nas duas épocas foram 19,70 e 17,44% para MS; 7,74 e 7,25% para PB; 76,41 e 71,13% para FDN; 42,75 e 41,02% para FDA; 31,44 e 30,43% para CEL; 30,66 e 30,28% para HCEL; 9,25 e 7,83% para LIG; e 1,97 e 3,38% para cinzas, nos períodos seco e chuvoso, respectivamente.This work was carried out to evaluate the cutting effect at 0, 15, 30 and 45 cm height, on the chemical composition of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum, Schum. cv. Roxo in dry and rainy seasons. The samples were obtained from an useful area of 8,4 m² from each parcel. After the uniformity cut two cuts in dry season with 90 days interval, and three cuts in rainy seasons with 60 days interval. A sample of 3 or 5 tillers was taken from each parcel and they were dehydrated in air forced stove and ground for laboratorial analysis. The percentages of dry matter (DM, crude protein (CP, neutral detergent fiber (NDF, acid detergent fiber (ADF, cellulose (CEL, hemicellulose (HCEL, lignin (LIG, and ashes were

  3. Conservação de sementes de ipê-roxo Preservation of Tabebuia heptaphylla (Vell. Toledo seeds

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    Leila Martins

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo desta pesquisa foi estudar o comportamento fisiológico de sementes de ipê-roxo (Tabebuia heptaphylla (Vell. Toledo durante o amazenamento. Frutos colhidos manualmente de 15 plantas-matrizes foram colocados em ambiente sombreado para secagem complementar e posterior extração manual das sementes; primeiro, determinou-se o grau de umidade inicial das sementes (15,6% e, em seguida, as sementes remanescentes foram submetidas a secagem para obtenção dos demais graus de umidade desejados (11,5, 8,0 e 4,3%. As amostras correspondentes aos diferentes graus de umidade foram armazenadas em câmaras, na temperaturas de 10, 20 e -196 °C. No início e após 120, 240 e 360 dias de armazenamento, as sementes foram submetidas a diversas avaliações fisiológicas. O delineamento experimental foi o inteiramente casualizado, em esquema fatorial, com 4 tratamentos (grau de umidade no início do armazenamento e 12 tratamentos (4 grau de umidade x 3 condições térmicas, em cada época de avaliação, durante o armazenamento. A comparação das médias foi realizada pelo Teste de Tukey a 5%. A conservação das sementes de ipê-roxo com teores de água de 15,6, 11,5, 8,1 e 4,3% é favorecida no armazenamento a 10 e -196 °C.The objective of this research was to study the physiological performance of Tabebuia heptaphylla (Vell. Toledo seeds during storage. Fruits from 15 mother plants were hand picked and placed under shade to finish drying and to ease further manual extraction of seeds. Firstly, the initial moisture content of the seeds was determined, which was 15.6%. Following that, the remaining seeds were submitted to drying at ambient temperature inside a glass desicator in order to obtain the other desired moisture contents (11.5, 8.1 and 4.3%. The samples, corresponding to the different moisture contents were stored inside chambers at temperatures of 10, 20 and -196 °C. At the beginning and after 120, 240 and 360 days of storage, the seeds

  4. Altura do ipê-roxo (Tabebuia avellanedae nos manejos convencional e de precisão, analisada pela geoestatística.

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    Wagner Lopes Klein

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available A silvicultura de precisão visa aumentar a eficiência da produção agrícola, fundamentada em manejo diferenciado de áreas de agricultura. O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar e comparar o desenvolvimento do ipê roxo (Tabebuia avellanedae Lorentz ex Griseb. sob duas formas de manejo de solo. A análise foi realizada durante o período de 01/03/03 a 01/03/04 em uma área no município de Mundo Novo-MS, dividida em dois blocos, e cada bloco em duas parcelas: uma sob manejo de silvicultura de precisão e outra sob manejo convencional. Cada uma das parcelas recebeu 252 mudas de ipê-roxo, totalizando 1008 plantas. Utilizaram-se técnicas geoestatísticas como semivariogramas para análise da estrutura da variabilidade espacial dos dados e a interpolação por krigagem para a construção de mapas temáticos. Dos resultados obtidos, tem-se que os mapas de necessidade e aplicação de nutrientes e os mapas de incremento na altura das plantas apresentaram estrutura de variabilidade semelhante para ambos os manejos. Nenhuma diferença expressiva entre os tratamentos foi encontrada.

  5. Caracterização fenotípica de três seleções de maracujazeiro-roxo (Passiflora edulis Sims Phenotypic characterization in three selections of purple passion fruit (Passiflora edulis Sims

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    Laura Maria Molina Meletti

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available O interesse pelo cultivo do maracujazeiro-roxo vem crescendo no centro-sul do País, visando à exportação. Observa-se um número significativo de formas selvagens, nativas, compatíveis entre si, propagadas por sementes de polinização aberta, ampliando a variabilidade natural da fruteira. Com o objetivo de identificar cruzamentos com características comerciais desejáveis e disponibilizar sementes de matrizes selecionadas aos produtores, foram realizados estudos de caracterização agronômica, morfológica e citogenética, envolvendo seleções do Banco de Germoplasma de Passifloras do IAC, denominadas 'Roxinho-Miúdo', 'Paulista' e 'Maracujá-Maçã'. Durante duas safras consecutivas, foram analisados cerca de 350 flores e 150 frutos de cada seleção. A maior amplitude de variação ocorreu na massa e no tamanho dos frutos (de 21 a 193 g por fruto, seguidos pelo teor de sólidos solúveis (de 15,2 a 21,4º Brix, produção por planta (11,5 a 30,8 kg e número de sementes por fruto (de 39 a 261 sementes. A viabilidade polínica variou de 77 a 94,5%, enquanto o teste de germinação do pólen em ágar apresentou índices de 65,5 a 86%, contribuindo para o diferencial em produtividade observado. Todas as seleções apresentaram características comerciais desejáveis. 'Roxinho-Miúdo' possui fruto redondo, pequeno, com 4 cm de diâmetro, doce e de coloração roxo-intensa, adequando-se à preferência internacional. A seleção 'Paulista' apresentou frutos ovais, destacando-se pela dupla finalidade, podendo atender também à agroindústria. O 'Maracujá-Maçã' distinguiu-se pelo maior tamanho, formato arredondado e casca rosada, apto para um segmento diferenciado de mercado, que comercializa frutas por unidade e privilegia a qualidade.The interest in purple passion-fruit production is becoming higher in southeast of Brazil, aiming exportation. There are some wild, different native types with high variability due open pollination that

  6. Número de ramos na produção de figos verdes 'Roxo de Valinhos' no oeste do Paraná

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    Idiana Marina Dalastra

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve por objetivo verificar o efeito do número de ramos produtivos sobre o desenvolvimento e a produção de figos verdes 'Roxo de Valinhos'. O experimento foi conduzido com plantas de quatro anos de idade, em sistema de produção orgânica, espaçamento 2 x 3 m, de julho de 2007 a fevereiro de 2008, em Quatro Pontes-PR. Os tratamentos consistiram em plantas conduzidas com 6; 9; 12; 15; 18 e 21 ramos produtivos. Utilizou-se o delineamento experimental de blocos ao acaso, com quatro blocos e três plantas úteis por parcela. No sistema de produção orgânica, as maiores estimativas de produção e produtividade de figos verdes foram obtidas em plantas conduzidas com 21 ramos.

  7. Enraizamento de estacas apicais de figueira Roxo de Valinhos submetidas à estratificação a frio úmido e AIB

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    Pio Rafael

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Na produção de mudas de figueira a utilização de estacas apicais de menor comprimento pode facilitar o manejo no viveiro, entretanto ainda não foram definidos os protocolos para enraizamento desse tipo de estaca. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar a ação da estratificação à frio úmido e do tratamento com AIB na rizogênese de estacas apicais de figueira Roxo de Valinhos. As estacas foram coletadas da porção apical dos ramos no final do período hibernal (julho e padronizadas com 20 cm de comprimento e diâmetro aproximado de 0,7 cm. As estacas foram estratificadas (estacas embrulhadas em jornal umedecido e protegidas com saco plástico à temperatura de 4 ºC, em câmara tipo BOD por diferentes períodos (0, 15, 30, 45 e 60 dias e, posteriormente, tratadas e não tratadas com 2.000 mg L-1 de AIB por 10 segundos. Em seguida, as estacas foram enterradas em leito de areia umedecido sob telado constituído de tela de polipropileno preta (sombreamento de 50%. Passados 60 dias de cada período de estratificação, foram mensuradas a percentagem de estacas enraizadas, a percentagem de estacas brotadas e o número médio de brotações e de raízes por estaca. Conclue-se que as estacas apicais de figueira Roxo de Valinhos estratificadas a frio úmido por 30 dias e posteriormente tratadas com 2.000 mg L-1 de AIB apresentaram maior potencial de rizogênese.

  8. Industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This chapter of the environmental control report deals with the environmental impact of the industry in Austria. It gives a review of the structure and types of the industry, the legal framework and environmental policy of industrial relevance. The environmental situation of the industry in Austria is analyzed in detail, concerning air pollution (SO2, NOx, CO2, CO, CH4, N2O, NH3, Pb, Cd, Hg, dioxin, furans), waste water, waste management and deposit, energy and water consumption. The state of the art in respect of the IPPC-directives (European Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Bureau) concerning the best available techniques of the different industry sectors is outlined. The application of European laws and regulations in the Austrian industry is described. (a.n.)

  9. Industrialization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This chapter discusses the role-plays by nuclear technology to enhance productivity in industry. Some of the techniques, Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) - x, gamma, electron and neutron radiography, nuclear gauges, materials characterization are discussed thoroughly

  10. Industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bernstein, Lenny; Roy, Joyashree; Delhotal, K. Casey; Harnisch, Jochen; Matsuhashi, Ryuji; Price, Lynn; Tanaka, Kanako; Worrell, Ernst; Yamba, Francis; Fengqi, Zhou; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Gielen, Dolf; Joosen, Suzanne; Konar, Manaswita; Matysek, Anna; Miner, Reid; Okazaki, Teruo; Sanders, Johan; Sheinbaum Parado, Claudia

    2007-12-01

    This chapter addresses past, ongoing, and short (to 2010) and medium-term (to 2030) future actions that can be taken to mitigate GHG emissions from the manufacturing and process industries. Globally, and in most countries, CO{sub 2} accounts for more than 90% of CO{sub 2}-eq GHG emissions from the industrial sector (Price et al., 2006; US EPA, 2006b). These CO{sub 2} emissions arise from three sources: (1) the use of fossil fuels for energy, either directly by industry for heat and power generation or indirectly in the generation of purchased electricity and steam; (2) non-energy uses of fossil fuels in chemical processing and metal smelting; and (3) non-fossil fuel sources, for example cement and lime manufacture. Industrial processes also emit other GHGs, e.g.: (1) Nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O) is emitted as a byproduct of adipic acid, nitric acid and caprolactam production; (2) HFC-23 is emitted as a byproduct of HCFC-22 production, a refrigerant, and also used in fluoroplastics manufacture; (3) Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) are emitted as byproducts of aluminium smelting and in semiconductor manufacture; (4) Sulphur hexafluoride (SF{sub 6}) is emitted in the manufacture, use and, decommissioning of gas insulated electrical switchgear, during the production of flat screen panels and semiconductors, from magnesium die casting and other industrial applications; (5) Methane (CH{sub 4}) is emitted as a byproduct of some chemical processes; and (6) CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O can be emitted by food industry waste streams. Many GHG emission mitigation options have been developed for the industrial sector. They fall into three categories: operating procedures, sector-wide technologies and process-specific technologies. A sampling of these options is discussed in Sections 7.2-7.4. The short- and medium-term potential for and cost of all classes of options are discussed in Section 7.5, barriers to the application of these options are addressed in Section 7.6 and the implication of

  11. EFEITOS DA FRIGORIFICAÇÃO DO ALHO-PLANTA E DA ÉPOCA DE PLANTIO NA PRODUÇÃO DO ALHO cv. CATETO ROXO EFFECTS OF PLANTING DATES AND COLD STORAGE OF PLANTING STOCK ON THE YIELD OF GARLIC CV. CATETO ROXO

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    Lázaro José Chaves

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available

    Neste trabalho, quatro épocas de plantio (março, abril, maio e junho, 1994 combinadas respectivamente com um, dois, três e quatro meses de armazenamento do alho-planta, a temperaturas entre 5 e 10°C, foram comparadas com as mesmas épocas de plantio de alho-planta armazenado em condições ambientais, na cultivar Cateto Roxo, em Goiânia, Goiás. Usou-se o delineamento de blocos casualizados com três repetições e parcelas subdivididas. A produção de bulbos curados e limpos, tanto dos bulbilhos frigorificados quanto dos não frigorificados, diminuiu com o tempo de armazenamento, em regressão linear. A frigorificação do alho-planta por apenas um mês e plantado em março reduziu a produção em 50% em relação ao não frigorificado, e a combinação de quatro meses de frigorificação com o plantio em junho anulou a produção. A freqüência do número de plantas com bulbilhos aéreos mostrou tendência à redução de março a junho. Concluiu-se que a frigorificação do alho-planta da cultivar Cateto Roxo diminui severamente a produção sem qualquer vantagem econômica.

    PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Allium sativum; Cateto Roxo; época de plantio; frigorificação; produção.

    The high quality garlic cultivars in Brazil were grown only in the southern part of the country because of its higher latitude and cool climate during the growing season. These cultivars yield well also in lower latitude regions when cold storaged planting stock is used. Concerning traditional cultivars in the tropics, however, there is a lack of information on the effect of cold storage. Cateto Roxo is well adapted to the Brazilian tropics from the middle-west (Goiás up to the north-east (Piauí. On this cultivar, four planting dates (March, April, May and June, 1994 combined

  12. Enxertia de progênies de maracujazeiro-roxo australiano em espécies nativas Grafting of australian purple passion fruit progenies in different native species

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    Márcio de Carvalho Pires

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available O maracujá-roxo (Passiflora edulis, apesar de ser desconhecido no Brasil, pode tornar-se numa fonte de renda alternativa para o agricultor, devido à boa remuneração e aceitação da fruta in natura no mercado europeu. Com o objetivo de avaliar a produção de mudas clonais de maracujá-roxo provenientes da Austrália, foi realizado um experimento no Setor de Fruticultura da Universidade de Brasília entre os meses de maio de 2005 e fevereiro de 2006. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi o de blocos casualizados, com 3 repetições, em arranjo fatorial 7 x 2 x 3, sendo sete porta-enxertos, duas variedades-copa e três épocas de avaliação. A parcela foi formada por 3 plantas úteis. Utilizaram-se como porta-enxertos (PE as espécies P. serrato digitata, P. nitida, P. coccinea, P. quadrangularis, P. edulis e P. edulis f. flavicarpa híbrido 'EC-2-0' e o híbrido P. coccinea X P. setacea, e como copa (CP, as variedades '96A' e '25' de maracujazeiro-roxo. As estacas enraizadas foram transferidas para sacolas plásticas e mantidas sob nebulização intermitente. A enxertia foi efetuada 30 dias após. As avaliações do índice de pegamento foram efetuadas aos 31 e 61 dias após a enxertia (DAE. As combinações CP/PE (entre "25" e "96 A" X P. nitida, seguidas das combinações ("25" e "96 A" X P. edulis f. flavicarpa híbrido 'EC-2-0', com 100%, 90%, 90% e 80%, respectivamente, obtiveram alto índice de pegamento aos 61 DAE. A produção de mudas de maracujazeiro-roxo enxertadas nas espécies de maracujazeiro silvestres e comerciais P. nitida, P. quadrangularis, P. edulis f. flavicarpa híbrido 'EC-2-0' e P. edulis é viável do ponto de vista técnico, pois não ocorreram problemas de incompatibilidade, e os enxertos apresentaram alta taxa de pegamento.Purple passion fruit (Passiflora edulis, even though is unknown in Brazil, can be an alternative income for the farmers due to good price and acceptance by the European market. Aiming to

  13. USO DO INSTRUMENTO TDR PARA DETERMINAÇÃO DO TEOR DE ÁGUA EM DIFERENTES CAMADAS DE UM LATOSSOLO ROXO DISTRÓFICO

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    Elio Lemos da Silva

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO O presente estudo teve como objetivo verificar a validade dos dados de umidade volumétrica fornecidos pelo instrumento TDR - "Time Domain Reflectometer - Trase System", para as camadas 0 - 20, 0 - 40 e 0 - 60 cm de um Latossolo Roxo Distrófico de textura argilosa, sob experimento de cafeicultura irrigada na Universidade Federal de Lavras. As relações entre a umidade real (determinada pelo método padrão de estufa e a constante dielétrica Ka (característica do solo obtida pelo TDR e entre a umidade real e a umidade dada pelo instrumento, permitiram ajustar-se, para cada camada, uma equação do terceiro grau, para umidade versus Ka e uma equação linear para a umidade real versus a umidade dada pelo instrumento. Constatou-se, através do teste F, que não houve diferença significativa a nível de 1% de probabilidade entre as equações geradas para cada camada de solo, o que sugere a utilização de uma equação única para o solo estudado até a profundidade de 60 cm. Comparou-se também, a equação geral obtida para a umidade real como função de Ka com a equação do aparelho (Equação de Topp et al.,1980 observando-se diferença significativa entre elas. O instrumento subestima a umidade volumétrica para o Latossolo na área em estudo.

  14. Influência de doses crescentes de chumbo sobre o teor e o conteúdo de nutrientes e Pb em mudas de ipê-roxo (Tabebuia impetiginosa (Mart. Standl. Influence of increasing lead levels on nutrient and Pb content and accumulation in ipê-roxo (Tabebuia impetiginosa (Mart. Standl. seedlings

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    Haroldo Nogueira de Paiva

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available O efeito da aplicação de chumbo sobre o teor e o conteúdo de nutrientes e Pb na raiz, no caule e nas folhas de mudas de ipê-roxo (Tabebuia impetiginosa (Mart. Standl. foi estudado em um experimento realizado em casa de vegetação do Departamento de Ciência do Solo da Universidade Federal de Lavras. As mudas foram cultivadas em solução nutritiva de Clark e submetidas a doses crescentes de Pb: 0, 48, 96, 192 e 288 mimol/l. O experimento foi conduzido em delineamento estatístico de blocos ao acaso, e após 60 dias de exposição ao metal pesado foram feitas avaliações do teor e do conteúdo de macro, micronutrientes e chumbo na matéria seca de raiz, caule e folha. Os resultados mostraram que a aplicação de chumbo aumentou o teor de P e praticamente não afetou os teores de S, Ca e Mg nas mudas. De modo geral os teores de Cu, Fe e Mn sofreram redução, o teor de Zn não foi afetado, enquanto o conteúdo de macro e de micronutrientes sofreu redução. O teor de Pb na matéria seca de raiz, caule e folha aumentou com as doses aplicadas, principalmente na raiz, e se mostrou pouco móvel nas plantas analisadas.The effect of lead application on nutrient and Pb content and accumulation in ipê-roxo (Tabebuia impetiginosa (Mart. Standl. seedlings was studied in an experiment conducted under greenhouse conditions at the Soil Science Department of the Federal University of Lavras. The seedlings were cultivated in Clark nutrient solution and submitted to increasing Pb levels: 0, 48, 96, 192 and 288 mumol/l. The experiment was arranged in a randomized block design and after 60 days of exposure to the heavy metals, evaluations of macro and micronutrient and lead content and accumulation in the root, stem and leaf dry matter were made. The results showed that lead application increased P content and practically did not affect S, Ca and Mg contents. Cu, Fe and Mn contents, in general, presented a reduction; Zn content was not affected while macro

  15. Épocas de poda na produção de figos verdes 'Roxo de Valinhos' em sistema orgânico na região oeste do Paraná Pruning time in the production of 'Roxo de Valinhos' green fig in organic sistem in the west region of Paraná State

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    Idiana Marina Dalastra

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar o efeito da época de poda sobre o crescimento e a produção da figueira 'Roxo de Valinhos', cultivada na região oeste do Paraná, sob sistema orgânico, para a produção de figos-verdes. O delineamento utilizado foi em blocos ao acaso, com quatro blocos e seis tratamentos - épocas de poda: abril, maio, junho, julho, agosto e setembro. Em cada parcela, constituída de três plantas úteis, foram coletados dados no ciclo de produção de 2007/2008. As variáveis fenológicas, comprimento final médio dos ramos, produção por mês (número e massa média de frutos por planta e produtividade estimada, entre os meses de outubro a fevereiro, produção acumulada, produtividade estimada acumulada e massa fresca média dos frutos. Houve diferenças na produção entre as épocas de poda; plantas podadas em julho e agosto apresentaram as maiores produções, escalonadas entre os meses de dezembro a fevereiro, com pico de produção em janeiro.The objective of this work was to verify the effect of pruning time on growth and production of the 'Roxo de Valinhos' fig tree fruit grown in the West Paraná region, under organic system, for the production of green figs. The design utilized was randomized blocks with four blocks and six treatments - the pruning times: April, May, June, July, August and September. In each plot, made up of three useful plants, data concerning the cropping cycles of 2007/2008 were collected. The variable phenologies, final medium length of the branches, month production (number and medium mass of fruits per plant and estimate productivity, from the months of October to February, accumulated production, estimate accumulated productivity and average fresh mass of the fruits. There were yield differences among pruning times; the July and August pruned plants presented higher yields, from December to February, with production pick in January.

  16. Incision at the base and concentrations of indolbutyric acid on rooting of apical cuttings of ‘Roxo de Valinhos’ fig treeLesão na base e concentrações de ácido indolbutírico no enraizamento de estacas apicais de figueira ‘Roxo de Valinhos’

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    Paula Nogueira Curi

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available This work aimed to increase the rhizogenic potential of cuttings collected from the apical portion of the branches of fig trees, performing injuries and treating the cuttings with indolbutyric acid (IBA. Apical cuttings of ‘Roxo de Valinhos’ fig tree were collected in July. The cuttings were standardized with 20 cm in length and basal diameter of 10 mm. The cuttings received or not incisions at the basis (parallel cuts of 2 cm and immersed in IBA at 0, 1000, 2000 and 3000 mg L-1 for 10 seconds. The cuttings were buried (¾ of the length in moistened sand, inside a screen house (50% of light. After 60 days it was found that treatment with IBA benefits in the development of apical cuttings, and the concentration that achieved the best results was 2000 mg L-1; the use of injury at the base of the cuttings helps rooting. Esse trabalho teve como objetivo aumentar o potencial rizogênico das estacas coletadas da porção apical dos ramos de figueira, realizando-se ferimentos (lesão na base das estacas e tratando com ácido indolbutírico (AIB. Estacas apicais de figueira ‘Roxo de Valinhos’ foram coletadas em julho, padronizadas com 20 cm de comprimento e diâmetro basal de 10 mm. Os tratamentos consistiram na realização ou não de lesão na base das estacas (cortes paralelos de 2 cm, e imersão em soluções contendo 0, 1000, 2000 e 3000 mg L-1 de AIB, por 10 segundos. As estacas foram enterradas em leito de areia umedecido, localizado dentro de telado (50% de luminosidade, enterrando-se ¾ da estaca. Após 60 dias verificou-se que o tratamento com AIB e a lesão na base das estacas traz benefícios ao enraizamento, sendo que a concentração que obteve melhores resultados foi de 2000 mg L-1.

  17. Dendrometria de espécies nativas em plantios homogêneos no estado de Roraima: andiroba (Carapa guianensis Aubl), castanha-do-Brasil (Bertholletia excelsa Bonpl.), ipê-roxo (Tabebuia avellanedae Lorentz ex Griseb) e jatobá (Hymenaea courbaril L.) Dendrometry of native species in homogeneous stands in the Roraima state: andiroba (Carapa guianensis Aubl), castanha-do-brasil (Bertholletia excelsa Bonpl), ipê-roxo (Tabebuia avellanedae Lorentz ex Griseb) and jatobá (Hymenaea courbaril L.)

    OpenAIRE

    Helio Tonini; Marcelo Francia Arco-Verde; Sergio Pedreira Pereira de Sá

    2005-01-01

    Estudou-se o crescimento e a seleção de equações para quatro espécies florestais nativas visando identificar espécies promissoras para o plantio em programas de reflorestamentos e em sistemas agroflorestais no Estado de Roraima. O crescimento da andiroba (Carapa guianensis Aubl.), da castanha-do-brasil (Bertholletia excelsa Bonpl.), do ipê-roxo (Tabebuia avellanedae Lorentz ex Griseb.) e do jatobá (Hymenaea courbaril L.), aos sete anos de idade, mostrou-se promissor atingindo incrementos médi...

  18. Time of cutting collection, use the rooting fitorregulador and different types of grafts in the seedlings production of ‘Roxo de Valinhos’ fig tree/ Época de coleta das estacas, do uso de fitorregulador de enraizamento e de diferentes tipos de enxertos na produção de mudas de figueira ‘Roxo de Valinhos’

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    Maraisa Hellen Tadeu

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This work aimed to develop a protocol of table grafting in ‘Roxo de Valinhos’ fig tree by bud method. The first experiment, woody cutting of the medium portion, with 20 cm of length, were collected of May, June, July, August and September. Table grafting was accomplished by bud method plate type (it cuts of 10 mm2 among two buds of the cutting, bud interfering of same dimension, extracted of the green and swollen buds of the cutting apical portion. In the second experiment, the cuttings were collected in July, being accomplished table grafting by the bud methods, for different types: plate, normal “T”, inverted “T” and window. After the insert of the bud, in two experiments, they were tied the bud with plastic ribbon, leaving the exposed of the bud. Half of the grafted cutting had its bases negotiated in 2000 mg L-1 of IBA by 10 seconds and the other half stayed without treatment. The cuttings were buried in sand, under nursery with 50% of brightness. The 120 days after the grafting, the percentage of alive, sprouting buds, alive buds in taken root rootstocks and the medium length of the sprouting were evaluated. The table grafting is among of June to August, by normal “T” and the cutting treatment with IBA.O objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar a viabilidade de enxertia de mesa na figueira ‘Roxo de Valinhos’, por borbulhia. No primeiro experimento, estacas lenhosas da porção mediana dos ramos, com 20 cm de comprimento, foram coletadas nos meses de maio, junho, julho, agosto e setembro. Foram realizadas enxertias de mesa pelo processo de borbulhia tipo placa (retirada de 10 mm2 de casca no entrenó da estaca, inserindo-se uma borbulha extraída com mesma dimensão das gemas verdes e inchada da porção apical do ramo. No segundo experimento, as estacas foram coletadas em julho, sendo realizadas enxertias de mesa pelo processo de borbulhia, por diferentes tipos: placa, “T” normal, “T” invertido e janela. Após a

  19. Épocas de poda e uso da irrigação em figueira 'roxo de valinhos' na região de Botucatu, SP Pruning time and irrigation on the fig trees 'roxo de valinhos', in the botucatu region, state of São Paulo, Brazil

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    Sarita Leonel

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a poda de frutificação da figueira 'Roxo de Valinhos' em julho, agosto, setembro e outubro, com e sem o uso de irrigação complementar, nos ciclos de 2004/2005 e 2005/2006, em experimento realizado em Botucatu (SP. O delineamento experimental adotado foi o de parcelas subdivididas, com cinco repetições, sendo as parcelas correspondentes aos tratamentos com e sem irrigação e as subparcelas, as quatro épocas de poda realizadas. Foram avaliadas características de crescimento, produtividade e sazonalidade. Pelos resultados, permitiu-se concluir que agosto, com o uso de irrigação complementar, foi o mês mais favorável para a realização da poda da figueira, no município de Botucatu (SP, proporcionando maior crescimento dos ramos, e maiores produtividades médias no ensaio tanto no ciclo agrícola 2004/2005 (5,13 t ha-1, quanto no de 2005/2006 (5,82 t ha-1. Em condições não irrigadas, melhores respostas foram obtidas com poda em julho, agosto e setembro de 2004/05 e julho e agosto de 2005/06. O período produtivo da figueira no município estendeu-se de dezembro a abril, e com o uso de irrigação houve maior número de colheitas e ampliação do ciclo produtivo.The research had the purpose to determine the effects of pruning time during July, August, September and October of 2004 and 2005 years, with and without irrigation, in the fig trees 'Roxo de Valinhos'. The experimental orchard was located in Botucatu region State of São Paulo, Brazil. The experimental design was in split plots with five replications, being the plots consisted in the treatments with and without irrigation and the subplots was composed of pruning made during the months. It were measured the growing, yield and the crop period. These characteristics were utilized to evaluate the irrigation requirement. August was the best time to the fig trees pruning with irrigation, enhancing the growth and yield (5.13 t ha-1 in 2004

  20. Ausência de mutagenicidade e antimutagenicidade do extrato obtido das flores do ipê roxo [Tabebuia impetiginosa (Mart. ex DC. Standl.] Absence of mutagenicity and antimutagenicity of the extract obtained from the flowers of "ipê roxo" Tabebuia impetiginosa (Mart. ex DC. Standl

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    J.A. Lourenço

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available A Tabebuia impetiginosa, conhecida popularmente como ipê-roxo, é uma planta nativa das florestas tropicais chuvosas da América do Sul e Central. Componentes químicos obtidos da casca têm mostrado efeito terapêutico, como antiinflamatório, antifúngico e antibacteriano. Porém, pela falta de dados na literatura, pouco se sabe sobre os efeitos do extrato das flores. Assim, o objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar o potencial mutagênico e antimutagênico do extrato obtido das flores da T. impetiginosa, em três diferentes concentrações (100, 300 e 500 mg kg-1 p.c. pelo teste do micronúcleo. Para o teste de mutagenicidade, a doxorrubicina (DXR, 90 mg kg-1 p.c. foi utilizada como indutor de danos no DNA e para o teste de antimutagenicidade, os tratamentos com o extrato foram realizados simultaneamente com este agente químico. O sangue periférico dos animais foi coletado 24 horas após os tratamentos. A comparação da frequência de eritrócitos policromáticos (PCEs em 400 eritrócitos/animal entre os diferentes grupos não demonstrou qualquer citotoxicidade do extrato. Em relação às frequências de micronúcleos em PCEs (PCEMNs, não foram observadas diferenças significativas entre os grupos tratados com as diferentes concentrações de extrato e o controle negativo. Da mesma forma, todos os grupos de animais que receberam os tratamentos simultâneo do extrato (100, 300 ou 500 mg kg-1 p.c. com a DXR, apresentaram valores de PCEMNs muito próximos quando comparados com os dados observados no grupo de animais que recebeu somente a DXR. Esses resultados apresentados indicam ausência de efeito mutagênico e antimutagênico do extrato obtido das flores da T. impetiginosa em sistema teste in vivo.T. impetiginosa, known as "ipê-roxo", is a plant native to tropical rain forests of Central and South Americas. Chemical compounds obtained from its bark have shown anti-inflammatory, antifungal and antibacterial therapeutic effect. However

  1. Absorção de nutrientes por mudas de ipê-roxo (Tabebuia impetiginosa (Mart. Standl. em solução nutritiva contaminada por cádmio Nutrients absorption by seedlings of ipê-roxo (Tabebuia impetiginosa (Mart. Standl. in nutrient solution contaminated by cadmium

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    Haroldo Nogueira de Paiva

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Mudas de ipê-roxo, conduzidas em solução nutritiva de Clark, foram submetidas a doses crescentes de Cd: 0, 22, 44, 88 e 132 µmol/l, em delineamento de blocos ao acaso, por um período de 60 dias. Foram avaliados os teores e os conteúdos de Cd, de macro e de micronutrientes, na raiz, no caule e nas folhas. Os resultados mostraram que na raiz ocorreu redução no teor dos macronutrientes, enquanto nas folhas não houve efeito significativo. O teor radicular de Cu, Fe e Mn aumentou e o de Zn diminuiu na presença de Cd. O conteúdo radicular de macronutrientes diminuiu com a aplicação de Cd, ao passo que os conteúdos caulinar e foliar não foram afetados. O teor e o conteúdo de Cd nas diferentes partes das mudas foram crescentes em função da dose do metal pesado.Seedlings of Tabebuia impetiginosa cultivated in Clark nutrient solution were submitted to the following Cd levels: 0, 22, 44, 88 and 132 µmol/l, arranged in a randomized block design for 60 days. The plants were picked up and separated into root, stem and leaf, which were analyzed regarding Cd, macro, and micronutrient content and accumulation. The results showed that the macronutrient content of the root was reduced, while that of the leaves did not have a significant effect. The Cu, Fe, and Mn contents of the root increased and the Zn content decreased. Root macronutrient accumulation reduced and leaf accumulation was not affected. The Cd content and accumulation in the different parts of the seedlings increased with the heavy metal dose.

  2. Adsorção de ácidos húmicos em latossolo roxo natural e tratado com oxalato de amônio

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    D. P. Dick

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available A interação de substâncias húmicas com minerais no solo pode influir na dinâmica da decomposição da matéria orgânica e na sua estabilidade. A adsorção de dois ácidos húmicos em Latossolo Roxo natural (LR natural e tratado com oxalato de amônio (LR tratado foi efetuada, com vistas em investigar os mecanismos de adsorção e os principais grupos funcionais envolvidos, bem como relacionar a capacidade adsortiva de acordo com as características químicas e moleculares dos adsorbatos. Os ácidos húmicos extraídos com solução de NaOH 0,5 N de uma amostra de carvão (AHc e de um solo Brunizém (AHs foram caracterizados por análise elementar e espectroscopia de 13C-RMN. A parametrização dos dados experimentais das isotermas de adsorção foi do tipo y = A tanh Bx, e o modelo de Langmuir também foi aplicado. As amostras adsorvidas foram analisadas por espectroscopia no Infra-Vermelho por Reflectância Difusa com Transformada de Fourier (DRIFT. A adsorção dos ácidos húmicos no LR natural foi de natureza química, sendo evidenciado por DRIFT que a reação de troca de ligantes das carboxilas com a superfície dos minerais foi um mecanismo importante. O AHc, que apresentou caráter aromático mais elevado e maior teor de carboxilas na molécula, foi adsorvido em maior quantidade do que o AHs nos dois adsorventes, o que indica a possível participação de estruturas aromáticas na interação organomineral. No LR tratado, cuja área superficial específica foi superior (ASE = 140,9 m² g-1, a adsorção foi mais elevada do que no LR natural (ASE = 66,1 m² g-1. A maior ASE no LR tratado foi relacionada com o rompimento de microagregados no tratamento com oxalato de amônio que extraiu a porção cimentante dos óxidos de ferro que unia os minerais. A interação neste tipo de adsorvente, estimada segundo a equação y = A tanh Bx, foi mais forte do que na amostra natural, o que pode estar relacionado com a presença de sítios de

  3. Características de latossolos roxos desenvolvidos de rochas alcalinas e básicas de Jaboticabal, SP Characteristics of dusky red latosols developed from alcaline and basic rocks in Jaboticabal, SP

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    J.F. Centurion

    1995-08-01

    Full Text Available Comparou-se as características químicas, físicas e mineralógicas de Latossolos Roxos desenvolvidos de rocha alcalina (LRe e de rocha eruptiva básica (LRd, da região de Jaboticabal, SP. Os resultados indicaram que o LRe apresenta-se num estádio de desenvolvimento, comparativamente, menos evoluído que o LRd, enquanto esse se apresenta com tendência para a maturidade. Os menores teores de argila e ferro total e maiores teores de saturação por bases, Ki e CTC da fração argila apresentados pelo LRe comprovam esta tendência. Conclui-se que a ocorrência de Latossolo Roxo eutrófico no campus da UNESP-Jaboticabal, pode estar associada a participação de rochas alcalinas na sua pedogênese.A comparative study was carried out on chemical, physical and mineralogical characteristics of dusky red latosols originated from the weathering of alcaline (LRe and basic eruptive rocks (LRd, of the Jaboticabal country Brazil The results showed that the LRe presented a younger development stage than LRd, while this soil showed a tendency to maturity. This trend was corraborated through the lower clay and total Fe2O3, contents and higher base saturation contents, Si2O/Al2O3 molecular ratio (Ki and clay f ration CEC presented by LRe. It can be concluded that the occurrence of eutrophic dusky red latosols hi the UNESP-Jaboticabal campus may be due to the influence of alcaline rocks.

  4. Fungos associados às sementes de ipê-amarelo (Tabebuia serratifolia e ipê-roxo (Tabebuia impetiginosa: incidência, efeito na germinação e transmissão para as plântulas Fungi associated to the seeds of ipê-amarelo (Tabebuia serratifolia and ipê-roxo (Tabebuia impetiginosa: incidence, germination effect and seedlings transmission

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    Luana da Silva Botelho

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivos fazer um levantamento dos fungos presentes em oito amostras de sementes de ipê-amarelo (Tabebuia serratifolia e ipê-roxo (T. impetiginosa coletadas nas regiões de Piracicaba, Mogi-Guaçu e sul de Minas Gerais (Lavras, Ijaci e Itumirim e determinar os possíveis prejuízos na produção de mudas dessas espécies. O método utilizado para o teste de sanidade foi o de papel de filtro e, para o de germinação, utilizou-se caixa tipo gerbox com substrato de papel à temperatura de 30ºC sob regime de luz constante. As sementes, tanto no teste de sanidade quanto no de germinação, foram subdivididas sendo uma parte submetidas à assepsia superficial com hipoclorito de sódio e a outra não. Avaliou-se a transmissão dos fungos através de lesões encontradas nas plântulas, durante o teste de germinação. Foram identificados e quantificados dezesseis fungos: Cladosporium sp., Alternaria alternata, Epicoccum sp., Phoma sp., Geotrichum sp., Penicillium sp., Trichothecium sp., Phomopsis sp., Drechslera sp., Aspergillus spp., Curvularia sp., Fusarium spp., Macrophomina phaseolina, Nigrospora sp., Lasiodiplodia theobromae e Septoria sp. De maneira geral, a assepsia proporcionou redução drástica na incidência de todos os fungos, em ambas espécies, com uma taxa média de 90%, podendo-se inferir que a maioria dos fungos estava contaminando as sementes. Os fungos não interferiram diretamente na porcentagem de plântulas normais e a assepsia reduziu a germinação em 64%, demonstrando ser fitotóxica. Na transmissão observou-se, em média, 17% e 10% de plântulas com sintomas, nas amostras sem assepsia e com assepsia, respectivamente. Os fungos mais freqüentes transmitidos pelas sementes de ipê-amarelo e roxo foram: Alternaria alternata, Fusarium spp., Aspergillus spp., Phoma sp. e Phomopsis sp.The aim of this research was to check out what kind of fungi was present in eight samples of ipê-amarelo seeds

  5. Caracterização físico-química de progênies de maracujá-roxo e maracujá-azedo cultivados no Distrito Federal Physico-chemical characteristics of purple and acid-passion-fruit genotypes grown in Brasília

    OpenAIRE

    Sidney Almeida Filgueira de Medeiros; Osvaldo Kiyoshi Yamanishi; José Ricardo Peixoto; Márcio de Carvalho Pires; Nilton Tadeu Vilela Junqueira; Juliana Galvarros Bueno Lobo Ribeiro

    2009-01-01

    A qualidade de frutos de maracujá para o consumo in natura é um fator de extrema importância na comercialização para o mercado europeu. Diante disso, um experimento foi realizado com o objetivo de avaliar as características físico-químicas de frutos de maracujazeiro nas condições de cerrado. Utilizou-se um delineamento de blocos casualizados, com nove tratamentos e quatro repetições. Os tratamentos constaram de sete progênies de maracujá-roxo provenientes da Austrália e duas progênies de mara...

  6. Dendrometria de espécies nativas em plantios homogêneos no estado de Roraima: andiroba (Carapa guianensis Aubl, castanha-do-Brasil (Bertholletia excelsa Bonpl., ipê-roxo (Tabebuia avellanedae Lorentz ex Griseb e jatobá (Hymenaea courbaril L. Dendrometry of native species in homogeneous stands in the Roraima state: andiroba (Carapa guianensis Aubl, castanha-do-brasil (Bertholletia excelsa Bonpl, ipê-roxo (Tabebuia avellanedae Lorentz ex Griseb and jatobá (Hymenaea courbaril L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helio Tonini

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Estudou-se o crescimento e a seleção de equações para quatro espécies florestais nativas visando identificar espécies promissoras para o plantio em programas de reflorestamentos e em sistemas agroflorestais no Estado de Roraima. O crescimento da andiroba (Carapa guianensis Aubl., da castanha-do-brasil (Bertholletia excelsa Bonpl., do ipê-roxo (Tabebuia avellanedae Lorentz ex Griseb. e do jatobá (Hymenaea courbaril L., aos sete anos de idade, mostrou-se promissor atingindo incrementos médios anuais em volume comercial de 6.3; 14.6; 6.0 e 2.3 m³.ha-1.ano-1, respectivamente. Em relação ao crescimento em diâmetro, todas as espécies apresentaram incrementos médios anuais em diâmetro maiores do que 1 cm, sendo superiores aos observados para árvores crescendo em florestas naturais. A análise estatística, indicou a equação hipsométrica de Prodan como a de melhor ajuste para estimar a altura em função do diâmetro para as quatro espécies analisadas. No entanto, a análise gráfica indicou que a forma da curva altura/diâmetro variou com a espécie sendo necessário o ajuste em separado. O ajuste de equações de volume comercial com casca e fator de forma comercial mostraram ser necessário o ajuste de diferentes equações em função da espécie. A análise gráfica das curvas de volume comercial e fator de forma indicaram que as espécies diferiram em ambos os parâmetros, indicando que a utilização de um fator de forma médio para todas as espécies deve ser evitado, como forma de aumentar a precisão nas estimativas volumétricas.The growth and selection of equations for four native forest species was studied aiming to identify promising species for homogeneous stands, and agroflorestry systems in the Roraima state. The growth of andiroba (Carapa guianensis Aubl., castanha-do-brasil (Bertholletia excelsa Bonpl., ipê-roxo (Tabebuia avellanedae Lorentz ex Griseb and jatobá (Hymenaea courbaril L. to the seven years of age

  7. Conservação pós-colheita de figos verdes (Ficus carica L. cv. roxo de Valinhos tratados com hipoclorito de sódio e armazenados sob refrigeração em atmosfera modificada passiva Post-harvest conservation of unripe figs (Ficus carica L. cv. "roxo de Valinhos" treated with sodium hypochlorite and stored under refrigeration in passive modified atmosphere

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Costa Lima

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Os principais causadores de perdas da qualidade de figos são: colheita e embalagens inadequadas, falta de padronização do produto na classificação e péssimas condições de transporte e armazenamento. Com este trabalho objetivou-se avaliar o efeito da imersão em hipoclorito, tipo de embalagem e refrigeração na conservação pós-colheita de figos verdes, cv. Roxo de Valinhos, mediante as características físicas, físico-químicas e químicas, durante o armazenamento. Após seleção, os figos foram imersos ou não em solução de hipoclorito de sódio a 40 ppm conforme os tratamentos, secos ao ar e embalados em filme de PVC de 50 m ou sacos plásticos. Após os tratamentos, os frutos foram submetidos a armazenamento refrigerado (1ºC e 70% de UR em BOD, por um período de 35 dias, sendo avaliados a cada 7 dias. O uso da embalagem reduziu drasticamente a perda de massa dos figos. Frutos não embalados apresentaram-se mais ácidos e com menores teores de açúcares. Com o uso da embalagem, os figos podem ser comercializados até os 35 dias de armazenamento desde que armazenados a 1ºC e 70% de UR em BOD. Já os figos não embalados, estes podem ser comercializados somente até os 2 dias de armazenamento sob refrigeração.The chief causesof quality loss in figs are inadequate harvest and packaging, lack of standardization of the product in the classification and very bad transportation and storage conditions. This work aimed to evaluate the effects of soaking in hypochlorite, and the type of packaging and refrigeration on the post-harvest conservation of unripe figs cv. "Roxo de Valinhos", through physico-chemical analyses, during storage. After selection, the figs were soaked, or not, in a 40ppm sodium hypochlorite solution, air-dried and wrapped in 50µ PVC film or plastic bags. After the treatments, the fruits were submitted to refrigerated storage (1ºC and 70% of RH for a 35-day period, being evaluated every 7 days. Use of the

  8. ATIVIDADE ANTIMICROBIANA IN VITRO DO LÁTEX DO AVELOZ (Euphorbia tirucalli L., PINHÃO BRAVO (Jatropha mollissima L. E PINHÃO ROXO (Jatropha gossypiifolia L. SOBRE MICRORGANISMOS PATOGÊNICOS.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Angelo Gurgel da Rocha

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Por milênios, o Homem tem explorado a flora como recurso terapêutico. Muitas das espécies medicinais utilizadas possuem fitoquímicos com potencial aplicação no controle do crescimento microbiano. A resistência microbiana crescente representa um sério risco à Saúde Coletiva, sendo necessário o desenvolvimento de projetos que visem a prospecção e/ou o desenvolvimento de novas drogas antimicrobianas. Na Caatinga da Região do Seridó do RN são encontradas as plantas medicinais Jatropha mollissima (Pohl Baill (Pinhão-bravo, a Jatropha gossypiifolia L (Pinhão-roxo e Euphorbia tirucalli L (Aveloz, pertencentes à Família Euphorbiaceae, na qual estão presentes fitoquímicos antimicrobianos. O presente projeto objetivou caracterizar a ação antibacteriana do látex destas espécies vegetais contra os patógenos Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhimurium, Salmonella typhi e Listeria monocytogenes. Duplicatas de Placas de Petri contendo ágar Mueller-Hinton foram semeadas em superfície com culturas padronizadas de cada microrganismo. Foram perfurados poços de 10 mm de diâmetro nos quais se inoculou 100 µL das diluições dos látex testados. As placas foram incubadas a 35±2oC/24 h. Os halos de inibição quando existentes foram medidos e registrados. L. monocytogenes apresentou a maior sensibilidade ao látex de J. mollissima; S. aureus foi inibido por J. mollissima e J. gossypiifolia, sendo mais sensível no primeiro caso. S. typhi e S. typhimurium apresentaram os maiores halos de inibição (J. gossypiifolia, sendo S. typhi mais sensível ao látex de J. gossypiifolia e S. typhimurium ao de J. mollissima. E. tirucalli não apresentou atividade inibitória. Padrões de sazonalidade parecem influenciar a capacidade inibitória do látex. Recomendamos que sejam efetuados estudos mais detalhados acerca das propriedades antimicrobianas do látex de J. mollissima e J. gossypiifolia. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: atividade antimicrobiana, Jatropha

  9. Adubação da cana-de-acúcar: XIV. Adubação NPK em latossolo roxo NPK fertilizer experiments of sugar cane on dusky red latosol soils

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raphael Alvarez

    1991-01-01

    Full Text Available São apresentados e discutidos os resultados de dezenove ensaios de adubação de cana-de-açúcar, efetuados em latossolo roxo, em diferentes regiões paulistas. Adotou-se um delineamento fatorial 3³ para N, P e K, procurando-se avaliar a reação da cultura a esses nutrientes em áreas exploradas havia alguns anos com cana e em outras em início de exploração. A variedade utilizada foi a CB 41/76, plantando-se de janeiro a março de 1958. Foram aplicados 0,90 e 180kg/ha de N; 0,80 e 160kg/ha de P2O5 e 0,100 e 200kg/ha de K2O. Houve respostas significativas a nitrogênio em dez casos, a fósforo em nove e a potássio em dezesseis. A produção média sem adubo, em todos os ensaios, foi de 82,9t/ha. As doses máximas dos adubos proporcionaram aumentos médios de 15,2t/ha para nitrogênio, de 10,0t/ha para fósforo e de 21,3t/ha para potássio. O ajuste de funções de respostas aos resultados permitiu a verificação de que combinações mais econômicas dos nutrientes estão muito acima das recomendações correntes. As respostas da cultura à adubação estiveram diretamente relacionadas com a produtividade máxima econômica (r = 0,773**. Foi possível identificar relação direta entre respostas a N e produtividade (r = 0,695**, de respostas a N com o teor de matéria orgânica no solo (r = 0,677** e de fósforo com o teor de P no solo, determinado pelo método da resina trocadora de íons (r = 0,709**.Nineteen 3³ NPK factorial experiments with sugar cane were carried out in 1958/59 on dusky red latosol soils of various sugar plant owned lands, in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. The amounts of nutrients applied corresponded to: 0, 90 and 180 kg/ha of N; 0, 80 and 160kg/ha of P(20(5; and 0, 100 and 200kg/ha of K2O. The experiments were separated in two types of areas, based on former soil use: one group in areas where sugar cane was cultivated over ten years, and the other group in areas where which sugar cane had never been cultivated

  10. Fontes e doses de nitrogênio na adubação química do cafeeiro em latossolo roxo e podzólico vermelho-amarelo orto Sources and rates of nitrogen for coffee trees, in types of soils

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferdinando Roberto Pupo de Moraes

    1985-01-01

    Full Text Available Uréia, sulfato de amônio, salitre-do-chile e Nitrocálcio, nas doses de 75, 150, 225 e 300kg de nitrogênio por hectare, foram aplicados em experimentos com café Mundo-Novo, instalados em Latossolo Roxo da região de Ribeirão Preto e em Podzólico Vermelho- Amarelo orto da região de Mococa (SP. As produções foram crescentes com os aumentos de nitrogênio aplicado, sendo que as respostas para suas maiores quantidades foram maiores no Podzólico Vermelho-Amarelo orto. O sulfato de amônio, o Nitrocálcio e a uréia mostraram-se superiores ao salitre-do-chile no Podzólico Vermelho-Amarelo orto, apesar de a uréia não apresentar diferenças significativas relativamente ao salitre-do-chile. Em Latossolo Roxo, conquanto houvesse a mesma tendência, as diferenças não foram significativas. O parcelamento das doses de nitrogênio não beneficiou a produção no Latossolo Roxo, porém as produções correspondentes ao parcelamento em quatro vezes foram maiores no Podzólico Vermelho -Amarelo orto.Ammonium nitrate limestone (ANL, ammonium sulphate, Chilean nitrate and urea at rates of 75, 150, 225 and 300 kilograms of nitrogen per hectare, splitted in 1, 2, 3 and 4 applications were used in field experiments with coffee trees, in two soils: in a Red Latosol in Ribeirão Preto and in a Red Yellow Ortho-Podzolic in Mococa, Sate of São Paulo, Brazil. In Ribeirão Preto, the experiment was set up in December 1957 and the grain yields were recorded from 1960 to 1969. In Mococa, the experiment was set up in 1960 and the grain yields were recorded from 1962 to 1971. The grain yields of coffee increased with the increases in the nitrogen rates applied. The yield responses to high nitrogen rates were greater in the Red Yellow Ortho-Podzolic soil than in the Red Latosol. Ammonium sulphate and ANL resulted in better yields than Chilean nitrate in the Red Yellow Ortho-Podzolic soil. Urea increased coffee yields above those obtained with Chilean nitrate

  11. Industry Employment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This article illustrates projected employment change by industry and industry sector over 2010-20 decade. Workers are grouped into an industry according to the type of good produced or service provided by the establishment for which they work. Industry employment projections are shown in terms of numeric change (growth or decline in the total…

  12. Industrial Chain: Industrial Vertical Definition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YifeiDu; GuojunJiang; ShimingLi

    2004-01-01

    Like value chain and supply chain, “industrial chain” becomes the focus of attention. The implication of “industrial chain” has gained a large range of extension. It not only expresses the industrial “chain” structure and relationship of “back and forward”in order or “up and down” in direction, but also it represents a cluster of large scale of firms in an area or colony. It is a network, or a community. Consequently, we conclude that “industrial chain” is a synthesis of industrial chain, industrial cluster, or industrial network.In this article, firstly we will distinguish industry chain from industry. An industry is the collection of firms that have the same attribute, so an industry can be defined by firm collection of certain attribute. We indicate that industrial chain is a kind of vertical and orderly industrial link. It is defined according to a series of specific product or service created. Secondly we analyze the vertical orderly defiinition process from the aspects of social division of labor and requirement division, self-organization system, and value analysis.Non-symmetry and depending on system or community of large scale of industrial units lead to entire industry to “orderly” structure. On the other hand, the draught of diversity and complexity of requirement simultaneously lead to entire industry to be more “orderly”. Along with processes of self-organization, industrial will appi'oach the state of more orderly and steady, and constantly make industrial chain upgrade. Each firm or unit, who will gain the value, has to establish channels of value, which we called “industrial value chain”. Lastly,we discuss the consequence of vertical and orderly definition, which is exhibited by a certain relationship body. The typical forms of industrial chain include industrial cluster, strategy alliance and vertical integration etc.

  13. Industrial Engineering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlsson, Christer

    2015-01-01

    Industrial engineering is a discipline that is concerned with increasing the effectiveness of (primarily) manufacturing and (occasionally).......Industrial engineering is a discipline that is concerned with increasing the effectiveness of (primarily) manufacturing and (occasionally)....

  14. Industry News

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ China Foundry Association's exhibition received 'Golden Finger' award in China's exhibition industry On January 12, 2008, the 8th International Foundry, Forging,and Industry Furnace Exhibition, sponsored by China Foundry Association, won the 'Golden Finger' award in China exposition industry for metal processing, foundry metallurgy and forging products.

  15. Fotografische industrie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Booij H

    1992-01-01

    This document on photographic industry has been published within the SPIN project. In this project information has been collected on industrial plants or industrial processes to afford support to governmental policy on emission reduction. This document contains information on the processes, emissi

  16. Industrial electrification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The technical and economic scope for industrial process electrification in Canada is assessed in the light of increasing costs of combustion fuels relative to electricity. It is concluded that electricity is capable of providing an increasing share of industrial energy, eventually aproaching 100 percent. The relatively low cost of electricity in Canada offers industry the opportunity of a head start in process electrification with consequent advantages in world markets both for industrial products and for electrical process equipment and technology. A method is described to promote the necessary innovation by providing access to technology and financing. The potential growth of electricity demand due to industrial electrification is estimated

  17. Industrial Waste

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Thomas Højlund

    2011-01-01

    Industrial waste is waste from industrial production and manufacturing. Industry covers many industrial sectors and within each sector large variations are found in terms of which raw materials are used, which production technology is used and which products are produced. Available data on unit...... generation rates and material composition as well as determining factors are discussed in this chapter. Characterizing industrial waste is faced with the problem that often only a part of the waste is handled in the municipal waste system, where information is easily accessible. In addition part...... of the industrial waste may in periods, depending on market opportunities and prices, be traded as secondary rawmaterials. Production-specificwaste from primary production, for example steel slag, is not included in the current presentation. In some countries industries must be approved or licensed and as part...

  18. Teores de nitrogênio em fôlhas de cafeeiro, em relação à adubação química: I - Latossolo Roxo transição para Latossolo Vermelho Amarelo orto Effects of fertilization on the nitrogen content of the coffee leaves: I - Latosolic B "Terra roxa" and ortho Red-yellow Latosol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Romano Gallo

    1971-05-01

    Full Text Available Resultados de análises foliares obtidos durante cinco anos em ensaio de adubação química nitrogenada em café, cultivar Mundo Nôvo, instalado em Latossolo Roxo transição para Latossolo Vermelho Amarelo orto, revelaram, para amostras colhidas no verão, teores médios de 2,8% a 3% de nitrogênio total como indicativos de uma nutrição adequada. Produções elevadas de frutos estiveram associadas com teores da ordem de 500 ppm de nitrogênio nítrico nas fôlhas. A análise de fôlhas para ambas as formas de nitrogênio mostrou que a aplicação do adubo nitrogenado em pelo menos três parcelas, no período que vai de outubro a março, parece importante para prevenir a deficiência.Nitrogen is highly demanded by coffee (Coffea arabica L. plants, and previous survey, made by foliar analysis, indicated that most of them, grown in São Paulo State, suffer nitrogen deficiency. A study was made to observe the variation of the total and nitric nitrogen, as judged by foliar chemical analysis, in relation to the type, amount and the timing of the application of several different nitrogen fertilizers (Nitrocálcio, nitrate of soda from Chile, ammonium sulphate, and urea. The experiment, a factorial of 4x4x4, was installed in a mixture of Latosolic B "Terra Roxa" and Ortho Red-Yellow Latosol at Experimental Center of Campinas, SP. The amount of the fertilizer used was 45, 90, 135 and 180 g N/plant, subdivided in 1 to 4 applications throughout the year. P2O5 (120 g and K(20 (180 g were uniformly applied to all plants. Leaf samples were collected at 45 days intervals between October and March, and another at July, from 1964 to 1969. The results of the analysis indicated that: (a sampling during summer (January-March is better to evaluate nitrogen deficiency in coffee; (b total nitrogen content of 2.8-3% (and about 500 ppm of nitric N was correlated to a production of more than 2,500 kg/ha of treated beans; (c the subdivision of the fertilizers applied

  19. Industrial Robots.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, Dean; Harden, Thomas K.

    Robots are mechanical devices that can be programmed to perform some task of manipulation or locomotion under automatic control. This paper discusses: (1) early developments of the robotics industry in the United States; (2) the present structure of the industry; (3) noneconomic factors related to the use of robots; (4) labor considerations…

  20. Industry honoured

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    CERN has organised a day to thank industry for its exceptional contributions to the LHC project. Lucio Rossi addresses CERN’s industrial partners in the Main Auditorium.The LHC inauguration provided an opportunity for CERN to thank all those who have contributed to transforming this technological dream into reality. Industry has been a major player in this adventure. Over the last decade it has lent its support to CERN’s teams and participating institutes in developing, building and assembling the machine, its experiments and the computing infrastructure. CERN involved its industrial partners in the LHC inauguration by organising a special industry prize-giving day on 20 October. Over 70 firms accepted the invitation. The firms not only made fundamental contributions to the project, but some have also supported LHC events in 2008 and the inauguration ceremony through generous donations, which have been coordinated by Carmen Dell’Erba, who is responsible for secu...

  1. Industrial practices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document reports the industrial practices carried out by the author viewing the requirements fulfilled for obtention the academic degree in chemical engineering of the San Andres University - Bolivia

  2. Industrial pioneers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wassink, J.

    2014-01-01

    With their knowledge of metallurgy, mechanics and thermodynamics, mechanical engineers had to give shape to the industrial revolution in the Netherlands 150 years ago. This revolution only slowly gathered momentum, however, especially in comparison with England.

  3. Industrial Noise

    OpenAIRE

    Mehran zolfaghari

    1996-01-01

    Various risk factors in industrial environments can affect hearing status and healthy in today’s modern society. Noise control and hearing conservation program is very crucial in preventing workers exposed to high levels of noise in the work places. In the current article we are going to discuss issues such as industrial noise control, noise characteristics and standards and techniques for noise control. Then the methods for individual hearing conservation and medical care will be described i...

  4. Industrial diamond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, D.W.

    2013-01-01

    Estimated 2012 world production of natural and synthetic industrial diamond was about 4.45 billion carats. During 2012, natural industrial diamonds were produced in at least 20 countries, and synthetic industrial diamond was produced in at least 12 countries. About 99 percent of the combined natural and synthetic global output was produced in Belarus, China, Ireland, Japan, Russia, South Africa and the United States. During 2012, China was the world’s leading producer of synthetic industrial diamond followed by the United States and Russia. In 2012, the two U.S. synthetic producers, one in Pennsylvania and the other in Ohio, had an estimated output of 103 million carats, valued at about $70.6 million. This was an estimated 43.7 million carats of synthetic diamond bort, grit, and dust and powder with a value of $14.5 million combined with an estimated 59.7 million carats of synthetic diamond stone with a value of $56.1 million. Also in 2012, nine U.S. firms manufactured polycrystalline diamond (PCD) from synthetic diamond grit and powder. The United States government does not collect or maintain data for either domestic PCD producers or domestic chemical vapor deposition (CVD) diamond producers for quantity or value of annual production. Current trade and consumption quantity data are not available for PCD or for CVD diamond. For these reasons, PCD and CVD diamond are not included in the industrial diamond quantitative data reported here.

  5. Fiabilidad industrial

    OpenAIRE

    Griful Ponsati, Eulàlia

    2001-01-01

    El presente libro ha sido escrito y editado para los estudios de segundo ciclo de Ingeniería de Organización Industrial que se imparten en la ETSEIT de la UPC. La materia de fiabilidad que se imparte en este texto es una introducción a las técnicas estadísticas para resolver cuestiones de fiabilidad industrial. Se estudian distintos modelos probabilísticos del tiempo de vida y se presentan distintas formas de recabar información y de estimar, en cada caso, la fiabilidad de los componentes y s...

  6. Industrial radiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This publication is meant to be a manual for industrial radiography. As such the manual concentrates on the practical aspects, presenting existing radiographic system and techniques of operation to satisfy specified quality requirements. The manual also reviews the safety aspect of performing radiographic work. (author) systems

  7. Industrial Microorganisms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phaff, Herman J.

    1981-01-01

    Describes industrially important yeasts, molds, bacteria, and actinomycetes. Discussed in detail are microbial products, such as primary metabolites, secondary metabolites, enzymes, and capsular polysaccharides. Traces the historical background of human cell culture, mentioning recombinant DNA research and hybridization of normal mammalian cells…

  8. Shifting Industries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Coastal city Beihai aspires to revive its economy by developing its electronic information industry Against a clear sky,the blue sea hums along a shining beach,with villas in the distance.This beautiful scene is in Beihai,in south China’s Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.

  9. Industrial Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlsson, Christer

    2015-01-01

    Companies organize in a way that involves many activities that are external to the traditional organizational boundaries. This presents challenges to operations management and managing operations involves many issues and actions dealing with external networks. Taking a network perspective changes...... the focus of operations management from managing the own organization to continuously developing and managing a network of external and internal resources forming a production system. This perspective may be called managing an “extraprise” rather than an “enterprise.” It should be noted that “an industrial...... network” should not be seen as an organizational form but as a perspective that can be used to enrich one's understanding of organizations. The industrial network perspective has three basic building blocks: actors, resources, and activities. The three building blocks and their relations constitute...

  10. Industrial vision

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Ole

    1998-01-01

    This dissertation is concerned with the introduction of vision-based application s in the ship building industry. The industrial research project is divided into a natural seq uence of developments, from basic theoretical projective image generation via CAD and subpixel analysis to a description...... is present ed, and the variability of the parameters is examined and described. The concept of using CAD together with vision information is based on the fact that all items processed at OSS have an associated complete 3D CAD model that is accessible at all production states. This concept gives numerous...... possibilities for using vision in applications which otherwise would be very difficult to automate. The requirement for low tolerances in production is, despite the huge dimensions of the items involved, extreme. This fact makes great demands on the ability to do robust sub pixel estimation. A new method based...

  11. Cursos de Formação Inicial e Continuada como Estratégia para a Inserção de Jovens e Adultos no Mundo do Trabalho:: experiência em unidade da rede FAETEC/RJ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Mariano dos Passos

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available A Educação não pode, e não deve, ficar alheia às rápidas e profundas mudanças pelas quais vem passando o mundo, e que transformam as formas de produção, trabalho e emprego. São fatos que se revelam como desafios à sociedade em geral, e particularmente, aos docentes e gestores da educação profissional. Atenta à mudança do foco da educação profissional, com ênfase na “trabalhabilidade”, a Fundação de Apoio a Escola Técnica (FAETEC/RJ, vinculada à Secretaria de Ciência e Tecnologia do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, é responsável pela implementação da política de Educação Profissional no Estado, em consonância com o governo federal. Este artigo destaca a importância da Educação Profissional como fator estratégico de competitividade e desenvolvimento humano na nova ordem econômica mundial e, apresenta uma experiência desenvolvida em unidade da rede FAETEC – Fundação de Apoio à Escola Técnica, na Baixada Fluminense/RJ. Considerando os indicadores sociais do município de Belford Roxo, a equipe gestora do CETEP-Belford Roxo pode constatar que os cursos de formação inicial e continuada, presenciais e semipresenciais, vêm ao encontro dos anseios profissionais da comunidade, pois, atendem as exigências do mundo do trabalho e promovem a empregabilidade.

  12. Papagaio-de-peito-roxo Amazona vinacea (Kuhl (Aves: Psittacidae no norte do Espírito Santo: redescoberta e conservação Vinaceous Amazon Amazona vinacea (Kuhl (Aves: Psittacidae in the northern region of Espirito Santo state, southeastern Brazil: rediscovery and conservation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas A. Carrara

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Amazona vinacea (Kuhl, 1820 é uma espécie endêmica da Mata Atlântica e ameaçada de extinção no Brasil e no mundo. Não existem relatos recentes de sua presença na porção setentrional de sua distribuição ao norte do estado do Rio de Janeiro. O último é datado provavelmente de 1991, tendo sido considerado extinto ao norte do Espírito Santo. O presente trabalho noticia a redescoberta da espécie em Alto Rio Novo, noroeste do Espírito Santo, divisa com Minas Gerais. Foram registrados bandos em duas localidades em dezembro de 2005, sendo o maior deles composto por 28 indivíduos. Durante os registros foi observado A. vinacea se alimentando de Anadenanthera sp. (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae, uma nova fonte alimentar para a espécie. Os registros históricos mais recentes para a região citam localidades com distância inferior a 35 km dos atuais registros, reforçando a importância local. No entanto, a degradação ambiental e a captura ilegal representam obstáculos à conservação da espécie nesta região. Em dezembro de 2002 foi criado o Parque Nacional dos Pontões Capixabas, primeira Unidade de Conservação na porção serrana do norte do Espírito Santo. Uma das áreas históricas da espécie está incluída em seus limites e um dos locais onde foi agora redescoberto fica a cerca de 10 km de distância da borda do parque. Essa Unidade de Conservação é essencial à proteção de trechos nativos da Mata Atlântica e conseqüentemente do papagaio-de-peito-roxo. Além de medidas conservacionistas, a aquisição de informações sobre as populações de A. vinacea no noroeste do Espírito Santo e leste de Minas Gerais torna-se indispensável para a proposição de medidas de manejo capazes de reverter o grave quadro atual, objetivando viabilizar a permanência de populações na região mais setentrional da distribuição conhecida atualmente para a espécie.Endemic of the Atlantic Forest, Amazona vinacea (Kuhl, 1820 is listed as

  13. Industrial radiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Industrial radiography is a non-destructive testing (NDT) method which allows components to be examined for flaws without interfering with their usefulness. It is one of a number of inspection methods which are commonly used in industry to control the quality of manufactured products and to monitor their performance in service. Because of its involvement in organizing training courses in all the common NDT methods in regional projects in Asia and the Pacific and Latin America and the Caribbean and in many country programmes, the Agency is aware of the importance of standardizing as far as possible the syllabi and training course notes used by the many experts who are involved in presenting the training courses. IAEA-TECDOC-628 ''Training Guidelines in Non-destructive Testing'' presents syllabi which were developed by an Agency executed UNDP project in Latin America and the Caribbean taking into account the developmental work done by the International Committee for Non-destructive Testing. Experience gained from using the radiography syllabi from TECDOC-628 at national and regional radiography training courses in the Agency executed UNDP project in Asia and the Pacific (RAS/86/073) showed that some guidance needed to be given to radiography experts engaged in teaching at these courses on the material which should be covered. The IAEA/UNDP Asia and Pacific Project National NDT Coordinators therefore undertook to prepare Radiography Training Course Notes which could be used by experts to prepare lectures for Level 1,2 and 3 radiography personnel. The notes have been expanded to cover most topics in a more complete manner than that possible at a Level 1, 2 or 3 training course and can now be used as source material for NDT personnel interested in expanding their knowledge of radiography. Refs, figs and tabs

  14. Industrial radiographies

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    The Radiation Protection group wishes to remind CERN staff responsible for contractors performing X-ray inspections on the CERN sites that the firms must apply the legislation in force in their country of origin, in particular with regard to the prevention of risks relating to ionizing radiation. Industrial radiography firms called on to work on the CERN sites must also comply with the rules laid down in CERN's Radiation Safety Manual and be registered in the relevant CERN database. Since CERN is responsible for safety on its own site, a number of additional rules have been laid down for this kind of work, as set out in Radiation Protection Procedure PRP30 https://edms.cern.ch/file/346848/LAST_RELEASED/PRP30.pdf The CERN Staff Member responsible for the contract shall register the company and issue notification that an X-ray inspection is to be performed via the web interface at the following address: http://cern.ch/rp-radio

  15. Industrial Productivity

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-01-01

    NASTRAN is an offshoot of the computer-design technique used in construction of airplanes and spacecraft. [n this technique engineers create a mathematical model of the aeronautical or space vehicle and "fly" it on the ground by means of computer simulation. The technique enables them to study performance and structural behavior of a number of different designs before settling on the final configuration and proceeding with construction. From this base of aerospace experience, NASA-Goddard developed the NASTRAN general purpose computer program, which offers an exceptionally wide range of analytic capability with regard to structures. NASTRAN has been applied to autos, trucks, railroad cars, ships, nuclear power reactors, steam turbines, bridges, and office buildings. NASA-Langley provides program maintenance services regarded as vital by many NASTRAN users. NASTRAN is essentially a predictive tool. It takes an electronic look at a computerire$.dedgn and reports how the structure will react under a great many different conditions. It can, for example, note areas where high stress levels will occur-potential failure points that need strengthening. Conversely, it can identify over-designed areas where weight and material might be saved safely. NASTRAN can tell how pipes stand up under strong fluid flow, how metals are affected by high temperatures, how a building will fare in an earthquake or how powerful winds will cause a bridge to oscillate. NASTRAN analysis is quick and inexpensive. It minimizes trial-and-error in the design process and makes possible better, safe, lighter structures affording large-scale savings in development time and materials. Some examples of the broad utility NASTRAN is finding among industrial firms are shown on these pages.

  16. Porter's Industry Clusters in Irish Indigenous Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Chris van Egeraat; Eoin O'Malley

    1999-01-01

    Studies by Porter (1990) and others find that competitive and successful industries usually occur in the form of clusters of industries which are linked together through vertical or horizontal relationships. This paper assesses whether the sectors of Irish indigenous industry which look most competitive and successful form such clusters. It is concluded that there is only limited or qualified evidence of Porter-type clusters in Irish indigenous industry but, despite this, there has been a rel...

  17. Trajectory for Industrial Upgrade

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology(MIIT) ordered the closure of outdated production lines in 18 industries as part of the country’s plan to upgrade its industrial structure and move up the

  18. Boosting Cultural Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Zhen

    2009-01-01

    @@ On July 22 of 2009, the State Council released the Revitalization Plan of Cultural Industry, which is the 11th revitalization plan for an industry following plans for steel, auto, textile, equipment manufacturing, ship-making, IT and other industries.

  19. Trajectory for Industrial Upgrade

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU YUNYUN

    2010-01-01

    @@ The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) ordered the closure of outdated production lines in 18 industries as part of the country's plan to upgrade its industrial structure and move up the value chain.

  20. Chemicals Industry Vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    1996-12-01

    Chemical industry leaders articulated a long-term vision for the industry, its markets, and its technology in the groundbreaking 1996 document Technology Vision 2020 - The U.S. Chemical Industry. (PDF 310 KB).

  1. INDUSTRI KREATIF INDONESIA: PENDEKATAN ANALISIS KINERJA INDUSTRI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Kamil

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In 2008, the Department of Commerce of the Republic of Indonesia has launched a creative economic development documents interpreted the 2025 Indonesia became the starting point and guide the development of the creative economy in Indonesia. With the existence of this document, the industry and its stakeholders or other stakeholders can readily develop the creative economy in Indonesia. Economic development in the direction of the creative industries is one manifestation of optimism aspiration to support the Master Plan for the Acceleration and Expansion of Indonesia's Economic Development in realizing the vision of Indonesia are being developed nation. The main objective of this study is the first to analyze the role of the creative industries in Indonesia for labor, value added and productivity, secondly, to analyze the performance trend of the creative industries sector, and third, to analyze the factors affecting the performance of the creative industries sector in Indonesia. Under Indonesia Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC and codes 151-372 (manufacturing industries category identified 18 industry groups belonging to the creative industries, showed that the performance of the national creative industries has been relatively high (in terms of trend analysis of the performance of the industrial creative. Furthermore, regression analysis of panel data (econometrics indicates that company size (SIZE, wages for workers (WAGE and the content of local inputs (LOCAL has a significant impact on the performance of Indonesia's creative industry. Meanwhile, the concentration ratio (CR4 no consequences but have koresi significantly positive effect on the performance of Indonesia’s creative industry.

  2. Automotive Industry in Malaysia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wad, Peter; Govindaraju, V.G.R. Chandran

    2011-01-01

    This paper explains the evolution and assesses the development of the Malaysian automotive industry within the premise of infant industry and trade protection framework as well as extended arguments of infant industry using a global value chain perspective. The Malaysian automotive industry expan...

  3. Opportunities for Taiwan's industry

    OpenAIRE

    Jen-Lien Lin; Guang-Way Jang

    2004-01-01

    The Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI) in Taiwan recently introduced nanotechnology to local traditional industries. Nanotechnologies provide a great opportunity for these companies to meet outside challenges and join the blooming electronic and optoelectronic industries. The Nanotechnology Community (NTC) was established in 2003, with the goal of finding commercial applications. This year, the Taiwan Nanotechnology Industrialization Promotion Association (TANIPA) was established...

  4. Athletic Apparel Industry Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIE; TAN; NAFISUL; ISLAM; MILAN; MITRASINOVIC

    2015-01-01

    Industry Overview The athletic apparel industry is the fastest growing segment of global clothing industry differentiated by offering high quality athletic apparel made of technically advanced fabrics.The athletic apparel is made for a variety of sports and physical activities for children,men and women and enhances comfort and performance of athletes.The industry consists of companies that design and market

  5. Levantamento de cafèzais do Estado de São Paulo pela análise química foliar II: Solos Podzolizados de Lins e Marília, Latossolo Roxo e Podzólico Vermelho Amarelo-Orto Survey of the nutritional condition of the coffee in the State of São Paulo through foliar analyses: II - Podzolized soils of Lins and Marilia, Latosolic B "Terra Roxa" and Ortho-Red Yellow Podzol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Romano Gallo

    1970-01-01

    Full Text Available Em amostras de 134 cafèzais, distribuídos nos principais grupos de solos do Estado de São Paulo, colhidas em três estações do ano, foram determinados 12 elementos químicos essenciais, sódio e alumínio. A percentagem de cafèzais deficientes em nitrogênio foi superior a 80% em todos os solos. No Podzolizado de Lins e Marília, o segundo elemento em falta foi o ferro. No Latossolo Roxo, depois do nitrogênio, a maior deficiência foi a de potássio e zinco; no Podzólico Vermelho Amarelo-Orto, a de boro.Roughly, coffee fields are distributed on. the main types of soil in the State of São Paulo as follows: Podzolized Soils of Lins and Marilia, 70%; latosolic B "Terra Roxa", 15%; Ortho-Red Yellow Podzol, 10%; other types, 5%. This paper presents and discusses data on foliar analyses of coffee, plants cultivated on the 3 first soil types. It complements a previous survey made on red-yellow ortho podzol. Leaf samples were collected in the spring, summer and fall, from 134 "Mundo Novo" coffee fields. Besides the content of 12 essential elements, amount of Na and Al were also determined in these samples. Fe, Zn, Mn, and Cu were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The first 3 elements were determined in a wet digest of 0.5 g of dry plant material with a mixture of HNO3-H2SO4-HC10(4, in a final volume of 20 ml. Determination of Cu, on the other hand, required an extract obtained by dissolving in 10 ml of 0.25N HC1, ashes from 1.25 g of dry leaf tissue, incinerated at 500°C for 2 hours. The same extract used for Fe, Zn and Mn analyses served for Na and Al determination. However, content of Al was estimated by colorimetric method of Aluminon (1 whereas amount of Na was determined by flame emission photometry (2. The remaining elements - N, P, K, Ca Mg, S-S0(4, B and Mo - were determined according to the process described by Lott et al (4, 5. Evaluation of the nutritional condition of the coffee fields in each soil type was based

  6. Opportunities for Taiwan's industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jen-Lien Lin

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI in Taiwan recently introduced nanotechnology to local traditional industries. Nanotechnologies provide a great opportunity for these companies to meet outside challenges and join the blooming electronic and optoelectronic industries. The Nanotechnology Community (NTC was established in 2003, with the goal of finding commercial applications. This year, the Taiwan Nanotechnology Industrialization Promotion Association (TANIPA was established, with the support of the Industrial Development Bureau, Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA, to formulate a strategy for industrial applications in Taiwan and to facilitate cooperation between industries, universities, and research institutes.

  7. Input chains and industrialization

    OpenAIRE

    Ciccone, Antonio

    2000-01-01

    A key aspect of industrialization is the adoption of increasing-returns-to-scale, industrial, technologies. Two other, well-documented aspects are that industrial technologies are adopted throughout intermediate-input chains and that they use intermediate inputs intensively relative to the technologies they replace. These features of industrial technologies combined imply that countries with access to similar technologies may have very different levels of industrial...

  8. Diagnosis on Exhibition Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan Manman

    2010-01-01

    @@ China's exhibition industry, often renowned as the locomotive of the tertiary industry, has developed rapidly in recent years and has become the sunrise industry and gets much concern. However, in exhibition industry circles in China, there is a saying being passed around "rushed exhibitions with bad service, property rights protection is badly needed; a low threshold with high demand, and 5 out of 10 exhibitions are disorganized." This jingle reflects many problems that currently exist in the exhibition industry in China.

  9. Dutch industry, smart(est) industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sol, E.J.; Steinbuch, M.; Keulen, F. van; Houten, F.J.A.M.; Horst, T.J.J. van der

    2015-01-01

    Digitalisering verandert onze samenleving. De combinatie van opkomende technologieën, zoals het Internet, micro-sensoren, 3D-printing en big data maakt volledig nieuwe producten en diensten mogelijk. In de industrie wordt niet voor niets gesproken over een vierde industriële revolutie. Het is voor N

  10. Industrial communication technology handbook

    CERN Document Server

    Zurawski, Richard

    2005-01-01

    The Industrial Communication Technology Handbook focuses on current and newly emerging communication technologies and systems that are evolving in response to the needs of industry and the demands of industry-led consortia and organizations.Organized into two parts, the text first summarizes the basics of data communications and IP networks, then presents a comprehensive overview of the field of industrial communications. This book extensively covers the areas of fieldbus technology, industrial Ethernet and real-time extensions, wireless and mobile technologies in industrial applications, the

  11. An Emerging Pillar Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI ZHENYU

    2010-01-01

    @@ The Fifth Beijing International Cultural and Creative Industry Exposition (ICCIE), held November 17-21 in Beijing, was a feast for the eyes and mind. It showcased the enormous glamour and commercial opportunities promised by the cultural and creative industry.

  12. Industry Lecture 2010

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kragh, Helge

    2010-01-01

    Sammendrag af "Industry Lecture", Norsk Kjemisk Selskap, Universitetet i Oslo, givet 15/10 2010.......Sammendrag af "Industry Lecture", Norsk Kjemisk Selskap, Universitetet i Oslo, givet 15/10 2010....

  13. Modernization typologies industrial clusters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karapetian, Eduard

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Generalized theoretical approach to the criteria of industrial clusters. On this basis, a detailed typology of industrial cluster structures, which takes into account the peculiarities of the functioning of clusters in the domestic economy.

  14. Conditions for industrial production

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Karsten Ingerslev; Schultz, Jørgen Munthe; Brauer, H.

    1996-01-01

    The possibility of an industrial aerogel glazing production is discussed with respect to sample size, sales volume and prices. Different ways of an industrial assembling line is outlined and the total costs of a 1 square meter aerogel glazing is calculated.......The possibility of an industrial aerogel glazing production is discussed with respect to sample size, sales volume and prices. Different ways of an industrial assembling line is outlined and the total costs of a 1 square meter aerogel glazing is calculated....

  15. The pharmaceutical industry

    OpenAIRE

    1982-01-01

    The attitude of general practitioners to the drug industry is interesting: on the one hand the industry researches and produces new drugs which are essential to the practice of modern medicine; on the other hand, doctors are sceptical that the information received from the industry is too biased. It is time for students and doctors to be trained in a more critical approach to the industry and its representatives.

  16. PROSPEK INDUSTRI PARIWISATA INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Siregar, Nurhayati

    2010-01-01

    Indonesia's tourism industry developed serious since the mid-1980s following a decline in revenue from oil and gas (oil). Since the 1997 economic crisis, Indonesia's tourism industry to survive. This study showed that Indonesia's tourism sector has great potential. There are five factors that will make the tourism industry has the potential to grow. First, the trend of world tourism industry will increase in the 21st century. Second, the contribution of tourism sector in economic development ...

  17. Security in Industrial Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Sørensen, Jan Tore

    2007-01-01

    A major trend in the automation and power industries is the transition from closed proprietary network solutions to open TCP/IP protocols running on Ethernet technologies. As these industries converge on an all IP platform, new challenges and requirements on the security level of the devices arise. The introduction of integrated operations in the oil and gas industry has provided many benefits for the industry, but it has also opened up the information flow between Distributed Control Systems...

  18. Auto Industry Faces Change

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    A number of indicators show that China's auto industry is facing a new round of large-scale restructuring. When the global auto industry was undergoing reorganization 10 years ago, China's auto industry was in its early stages, acting in a relatively closed market, and thus it missed out on that important event. However, the situation is different today. In the past decade, China's auto industry has grown at a rapid pace. While the world's major transnational companies are

  19. Kenya Leather Industry

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank Group

    2015-01-01

    In 2014, Kenya’s Ministry of Industrialization requested technical assistance from the World Bank to conduct competitiveness assessments and develop competitiveness strategies for four key industries: textiles and apparel, food processing, furniture, and leather and leather products. In the context of Kenya’s long-term vision to become an industrialized middle-income country by 2030, its l...

  20. Robotics and Industrial Arts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edmison, Glenn A.; And Others

    Robots are becoming increasingly common in American industry. By l990, they will revolutionize the way industry functions, replacing hundreds of workers and doing hot, dirty jobs better and more quickly than the workers could have done them. Robotics should be taught in high school industrial arts programs as a major curriculum component. The…

  1. 2011 Training Industry Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Training, 2011

    2011-01-01

    This article presents "Training" magazine's exclusive analysis of the U.S. training industry, featuring 2011 training expenditures, budgetary allocations, delivery methods, and training priorities. Now in its 30th year, The Industry Report is recognized as the training industry's most trusted source of data on budgets, staffing, and programs. This…

  2. INDUSTRI KREATIF INDONESIA: PENDEKATAN ANALISIS KINERJA INDUSTRI

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmad Kamil

    2015-01-01

    In 2008, the Department of Commerce of the Republic of Indonesia has launched a creative economic development documents interpreted the 2025 Indonesia became the starting point and guide the development of the creative economy in Indonesia. With the existence of this document, the industry and its stakeholders or other stakeholders can readily develop the creative economy in Indonesia. Economic development in the direction of the creative industries is one manifestation of optimism aspiration...

  3. Historicism and Industry Emergence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirsch, David; Moeen, Mahka; Wadhwani, Dan

    2014-01-01

    Management and organization scholars have increasingly turned to historical sources to examine the emergence and evolution of industries over time. This scholarship has typically used historical evidence as observations for testing theoretically relevant processes of industry emergence....... In this chapter, an alternative approach is explored that focuses on reconstructing causes and processes that time and theory have erased. The emergence of three industries—plant biotechnology, savings banking, and the automobile—shows how time, along with prevailing functional models of industry evolution, leads...... excluded phenomena and explanations, reconstructing uncertainty and alternative paths of industry emergence, and studying the processes of information elision and exclusion in the formation of industry knowledge....

  4. Industrial statistics with Minitab

    CERN Document Server

    Cintas, Pere Grima; Llabres, Xavier Tort-Martorell

    2012-01-01

    Industrial Statistics with MINITAB demonstrates the use of MINITAB as a tool for performing statistical analysis in an industrial context. This book covers introductory industrial statistics, exploring the most commonly used techniques alongside those that serve to give an overview of more complex issues. A plethora of examples in MINITAB are featured along with case studies for each of the statistical techniques presented. Industrial Statistics with MINITAB: Provides comprehensive coverage of user-friendly practical guidance to the essential statistical methods applied in industry.Explores

  5. The UK Casting Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jincheng Liu

    2006-01-01

    The casting production in the UK in 2004 is presented and analysed. The UK casting industry has played an important role in world casting and manufacturing production. However recent years the rapid development of some developing countries has been shifting the casting production from the western industrialized countries including the UK. The UK casting industry and associated research and technology organizations, universities have been working together very hard to face the serious competition to make the UK casting industry have a sustainable future. The UK casting industry remains strong and plays an important role in world casting and manufacturing production.

  6. Uranium industry annual 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-04-22

    The Uranium Industry Annual 1998 (UIA 1998) provides current statistical data on the US uranium industry`s activities relating to uranium raw materials and uranium marketing. It contains data for the period 1989 through 2008 as collected on the Form EIA-858, ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey.`` Data provides a comprehensive statistical characterization of the industry`s activities for the survey year and also include some information about industry`s plans and commitments for the near-term future. Data on uranium raw materials activities for 1989 through 1998, including exploration activities and expenditures, EIA-estimated reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment, are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities for 1994 through 2008, including purchases of uranium and enrichment services, enrichment feed deliveries, uranium fuel assemblies, filled and unfilled market requirements, and uranium inventories, are shown in Chapter 2. The methodology used in the 1998 survey, including data edit and analysis, is described in Appendix A. The methodologies for estimation of resources and reserves are described in Appendix B. A list of respondents to the ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey`` is provided in Appendix C. The Form EIA-858 ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey`` is shown in Appendix D. For the readers convenience, metric versions of selected tables from Chapters 1 and 2 are presented in Appendix E along with the standard conversion factors used. A glossary of technical terms is at the end of the report. 24 figs., 56 tabs.

  7. Uranium industry annual 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-07-05

    The Uranium Industry Annual 1994 (UIA 1994) provides current statistical data on the US uranium industry`s activities relating to uranium raw materials and uranium marketing during that survey year. The UIA 1994 is prepared for use by the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the uranium and nuclear electric utility industries, and the public. It contains data for the 10-year period 1985 through 1994 as collected on the Form EIA-858, ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey.`` Data collected on the ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey`` (UIAS) provide a comprehensive statistical characterization of the industry`s activities for the survey year and also include some information about industry`s plans and commitments for the near-term future. Where aggregate data are presented in the UIA 1994, care has been taken to protect the confidentiality of company-specific information while still conveying accurate and complete statistical data. A feature article, ``Comparison of Uranium Mill Tailings Reclamation in the United States and Canada,`` is included in the UIA 1994. Data on uranium raw materials activities including exploration activities and expenditures, EIA-estimated resources and reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities, including purchases of uranium and enrichment services, and uranium inventories, enrichment feed deliveries (actual and projected), and unfilled market requirements are shown in Chapter 2.

  8. Metalcasting Industry Technology Roadmap

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    1998-01-01

    The Roadmap sets out the strategy for pursuing near-, mid-, and long-term goals set out by industry and for carrying out the cooperative agreement between the U.S. Department of Energy and industry. The Roadmap outlines key goals for products and markets, materials technology, manufacturing technology, environmental technology, human resources, and industry health programs. The Roadmap sets out the strategy for pursuing near-, mid-, and long-term goals set out by industry and for carrying out the cooperative agreement between the U.S. Department of Energy and industry. The Roadmap sets out the strategy for pursuing near-, mid-, and long-term goals set out by industry and for carrying out the cooperative agreement between the U.S. Department of Energy and industry.

  9. Landscape of Industry: Transformation of (Eco Industrial Park through history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Archana Sharma

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The landscape of industry has been changing over time. Industry has transformed and many tangents have emerged from the sporadic home-based cottage industries to geographically scattered large manufacturing industries to co-located industrial parks to environment friendly eco-industrial parks. Curiosity about the catalysts that bring about the transformation of industrial landscape is the motivation of this article. Through the narrative on Industrial Park and the gradual shift towards Eco-Industrial Park, this article aims to shed light on the context and conditions that act as catalysts for industrial transformations, so as to serve as a reference for predicting future changes in industrial landscape.

  10. Globally Oriented Chinese Plastics Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liao Zhengpin

    2004-01-01

    @@ Through continued endeavor and persistent opening to the whole world the Chinese plastics industry has been developed into a comprehensive industrial system that forms the basic material industries side by side with the steel, cement and the timber industry.

  11. SHANGHAI INTERNATIONAL INDUSTRIAL FAIR

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@ Third Shanghai International Industrial Fair was held in New International Fair Center in Pudong Area in late November. This industrial fair titled "Information and Industrialization" aimed at highlighting China's high technology and industrial achievements in the new century. The sponsors for this session of industrial fair include China State Economic and Trade Commission, Ministry of Foreign Economic and Trade Relations, Ministry of Information Industry, Ministry of Science and Technology, Ministry of Education, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Shanghai Government.CNPC and Sinopec participated in the exhibition displaying a number of the latest technologies such as PetroChina's model for state land resources and Sinopec's model for 300,000-ton ethylene project.

  12. Industry and energy; Industrie et energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Birules y Bertran, A.M. [Ministere des Sciences et de la Technologie (Spain); Folgado Blanco, J. [Secretariat d' Etat a l' Economie, a l' Energie et aux PME du Royaume d' Espagne (Spain)

    2002-07-01

    This document is the provisional version of the summary of the debates of the 2433. session of the European Union Council about various topics relative to the industry and the energy. The energy-related topics that have been debated concern: the government helps in coal industry, the internal electricity and gas market, the trans-European energy networks, the bio-fuels in transportation systems, the energy charter, the pluri-annual energy program, and the green book on the security of energy supplies. (J.S.)

  13. Polish food industry 2008-2013

    OpenAIRE

    Mroczek, Robert; Drożdż, Jadwiga; Tereszczuk, Mirosława; Urban, Roman

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the study is to evaluate the functioning of the food industry and its various sectors in 2008-2013. Meat and poultry industry. Dairy industry. Fishing industry. Milling industry. Sugar industry. Oil-mill industry. Processing of fruit, vegetables and potatoes. Bakery industry. Confectionery industry. Feed industry. Production of other food products. Production of alcoholic beverages.Tobacco industry. Food industry.

  14. Information and Industry Dynamics

    OpenAIRE

    Emin M. Dinlersoz; Mehmet Yorukoglu

    2012-01-01

    This paper develops a model of industry dynamics where firms compete to acquire customers over time by disseminating information about themselves in the presence of random shocks to their efficiency. The properties of the model's stationary equilibrium are related to empirical regularities on firm and industry dynamics. As an application of the model, the effects of a decline in the cost of information dissemination on firm and industry dynamics are explored. (JEL D11, D83, L11, L81, M37)

  15. MINING INDUSTRY IN CROATIA

    OpenAIRE

    Slavko Vujec

    1996-01-01

    The trends of World and European mine industry is presented with introductory short review. The mining industry is very important in economy of Croatia, because of cover most of needed petroleum and natural gas quantity, total construction raw materials and industrial non-metallic raw minerals. Detail quantitative presentation of mineral raw material production is compared with pre-war situation. The value of annual production is represented for each raw mineral (the paper is published in Cro...

  16. MINING INDUSTRY IN CROATIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slavko Vujec

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available The trends of World and European mine industry is presented with introductory short review. The mining industry is very important in economy of Croatia, because of cover most of needed petroleum and natural gas quantity, total construction raw materials and industrial non-metallic raw minerals. Detail quantitative presentation of mineral raw material production is compared with pre-war situation. The value of annual production is represented for each raw mineral (the paper is published in Croatian.

  17. Nuclear industry technology boomerang

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The benefits to the medical, pharmaceutical, semiconductor, computer, video, bioscience, laser, defense, and numerous high-tech industries from nuclear technology development fallout are indeed numerous and increase every day. Now those industries have made further progress and improvements that, in return, benefit the nuclear industry. The clean-air and particle-free devices and enclosures needed for protection and decontamination are excellent examples

  18. The Modern Motor Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Garel Rhys

    2001-01-01

    The motor industry is experiencing one of its periods of massive change. This involves considerable micro- and macroeconomic effects, reflecting the structure and behaviour of the industry and its scale of operations within an economy. The industry is a highly rivalrous oligopoly, where although there is product differentiation, competition, both price and non-price, is considerable. This impacts upon the nature of vehicle demand, including environmental issues. Supply conditions in the indus...

  19. Booming Ranufacturing industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WUXINYI; WANGNAN

    2004-01-01

    SHAOXING, with its 80,000 manufacturing enterprises, is well known in the Yangtze River Delta area for its strong manufacturing capacity.Township enterprises laid the foundation for industrial development two decades ago, but the disadvantages of small rural enterprises, like low production capacity and quality and low standards of technology,soon emerged. In order to advance industrial development, in the late 1990s the Shaoxing municipal government decided to build the Township Industrial Zone. In the following five years, several industrial parks opened in Shaoxing.

  20. Wastewater Industrial Contributors

    Data.gov (United States)

    Iowa State University GIS Support and Research Facility — Industrial contributors to municipal wastewater treatment facilities in Iowa for the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) program.

  1. Industrial Economics in Scandinavia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foss, Nicolai Juul; Møllgaard, Peter

    2004-01-01

    Based on diverse research methods, we trace and map industrial economics research in Denmark, Norway and Sweden in the periode of 1880 to 1908. After describing this research in terms of key contributors, we argue that industrial economics developed rather unevenly in the Scandinavian countries....... Danish research was mainly theoretical and strongly oriented towards the international context, whereas Norwegian research was largely industry analysis with a strong leaning towards managerial economics. Swedish research in industrial economics is very scant until the end of the 1960s.JEL Code: B1, B2...

  2. Uranium industry annual, 1986

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Uranium industry data collected in the EIA-858 survey provide a comprehensive statistical characterization of annual activities of the industry and include some information about industry plans over the next several years. This report consists of two major sections. The first addresses uranium raw materials activities and covers the following topics: exploration activities and expenditures, resources and reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment. The second major section is concerned with the following uranium marketing activities: uranium purchase commitments, uranium prices, procurement arrangements, uranium imports and exports, enrichment services, inventories, secondary market activities utility market requirements and related topics

  3. Industrial sand and gravel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dolley, T.P.

    2013-01-01

    Domestic production of industrial sand and gravel in 2012 was about 49.5 Mt (55 million st), increasing 13 percent compared with that of 2011. Some important end uses for industrial sand and gravel include abrasives, filtration, foundry, glassmaking, hydraulic fracturing sand (frac sand) and silicon metal applications.

  4. Aluminum Industry Technology Roadmap

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2003-02-01

    This roadmap describes the industry's R&D strategy, priorities, milestones, and performance targets for achieving its long-term goals. It accounts for changes in the industry and the global marketplace since the first roadmap was published in 1997. An updated roadmap was published November 2001. (PDF 1.1 MB).

  5. Greening of Danish Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Remmen, Arne

    2002-01-01

    The article outlines the major changes in the discourse on cleaner technology and on pollution prevention, together with policy instuments applied in the Danish industry.......The article outlines the major changes in the discourse on cleaner technology and on pollution prevention, together with policy instuments applied in the Danish industry....

  6. Export oriented industrialization strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Karunaratne, Neil Dias

    1980-01-01

    Disappointment about the results of import substituting industrialization strategies as well as the spectacular performance of a few newly industrialised countries have led many developing countries to switch in the 1970s to export oriented industrialization. This analysis cautions against any misplaced euphoria with regard to this strategy in a neo-mercantilistic and hegemonic world.

  7. Commercial Banking Industry Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bright Horizons Children's Centers, Cambridge, MA.

    Work and family programs are becoming increasingly important in the commercial banking industry. The objective of this survey was to collect information and prepare a commercial banking industry profile on work and family programs. Fifty-nine top American commercial banks from the Fortune 500 list were invited to participate. Twenty-two…

  8. Rebuilding America's Industrial Strength

    Science.gov (United States)

    Community College Journal, 2011

    2011-01-01

    It's no secret within the academic or manufacturing communities that community colleges are the nation's training ground for industrial-skilled trade careers. But outside community college classrooms and industrial plants, many people are in the dark about the growing numbers of these often-well-paid and in-demand jobs. This article introduces the…

  9. Conditions for industrial production

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Karsten Ingerslev; Schultz, Jørgen Munthe; Brauer, H.

    1996-01-01

    The possibilities of making xerogel glazings in an industrial way is discussed and a schematic outline of a production line is presented.......The possibilities of making xerogel glazings in an industrial way is discussed and a schematic outline of a production line is presented....

  10. 2010 Training Industry Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Training, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Now in its 29th year, The Industry Report is recognized as the training industry's most trusted source of data on budgets, staffing, and programs. This year, the study was conducted by an outside research firm in June-August 2010, when members from the "Training" magazine database were e-mailed an invitation to participate in an online survey.…

  11. EU Industrial Policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pellegrin, Julie; Giorgetti, Maria Letizia; Jensen, Camilla;

    Following disregard in the 1980s, industrial policy has recently attracted policy attention at EU level. The objective of this study provided by Policy Department A at the request of the ITRE Committee, is to establish the state of the art of a coordinated and integrated EU industrial policy. It ...

  12. Research of Music Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李尔洁

    2007-01-01

    Nowadays companies tend to globalization. Hence, it is essential for the strategic planners to know some techniques for analyzing competitors within an industry. In this paper, light will be put on music industry through the analysis of international business models (PEST),moreover, five forces of Michael Porter's competitive strategy will be drawn on to further the analysis of global environment

  13. Foundry Industry Training Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    Industrial Training Journal, 1974

    1974-01-01

    The Foundry Industry Training Committee has encouraged the foundry industry in developing systematic manpower training and development programs at all levels. Features developed include competitions as a technique of standard setting, recommendations for technician training, and a widely used manpower information system. (MW)

  14. Shipping Industry Structure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijnolst, N.; Waals, F.

    1999-01-01

    Understanding Shipping Management requires a thorough understanding of the Shipping Industry Structure. This book provides this knowledge base and should be seen in conjunction with two other books: Shipping and Design Innovation in Shipping. Shipping Industry Structure was intended as the first par

  15. Sustainable Industrial Production

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brattebö, Helge; Jørgensen, Michael Søgaard; Lorentzen, Børge;

    The book discusses the concepts of waste minimization, cleaner technology and industrial ecology, including the experiences with employee participation in preventive environmental activities in companies.......The book discusses the concepts of waste minimization, cleaner technology and industrial ecology, including the experiences with employee participation in preventive environmental activities in companies....

  16. Geothermal industry assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1980-07-01

    An assessment of the geothermal industry is presented, focusing on industry structure, corporate activities and strategies, and detailed analysis of the technological, economic, financial, and institutional issues important to government policy formulation. The study is based principally on confidential interviews with executives of 75 companies active in the field. (MHR)

  17. RESTRUCTURING OF INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. I. Podderegina

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents main principles for execution of current and strategic restructuring of national enterprises while using experience of countries with developed market economy. The principles contribute to higher efficiency in internal industrial relations at national industrial enterprises.

  18. ATLAS rewards industry

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2006-01-01

    For contributing vital pieces to the ATLAS puzzle, three industries were recognized on Friday 5 May during a supplier awards ceremony. After a welcome and overview of the ATLAS experiment by spokesperson Peter Jenni, CERN Secretary-General Maximilian Metzger stressed the importance of industry to CERN's scientific goals. Picture 30 : representatives of the three award-wining companies after the ceremony

  19. Analysis of Industrial Wastewaters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mancy, K. H.; Weber, W. J., Jr.

    A comprehensive, documented discussion of certain operating principles useful as guidelines for the analysis of industrial wastewaters is presented. Intended primarily for the chemist, engineer, or other professional person concerned with all aspects of industrial wastewater analysis, it is not to be considered as a substitute for standard manuals…

  20. Nuclear industry takes off

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For more than a decade irradiation sterilisation of medical and pharmaceutical products proved a highly successful semi-commercial operation at Pelindaba, until it made way recently for the first full-scale radiation processing industry in SA - a classic case of science transferring technology to industry

  1. Uranium industry annual 1994

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Uranium Industry Annual 1994 (UIA 1994) provides current statistical data on the US uranium industry's activities relating to uranium raw materials and uranium marketing during that survey year. The UIA 1994 is prepared for use by the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the uranium and nuclear electric utility industries, and the public. It contains data for the 10-year period 1985 through 1994 as collected on the Form EIA-858, ''Uranium Industry Annual Survey.'' Data collected on the ''Uranium Industry Annual Survey'' (UIAS) provide a comprehensive statistical characterization of the industry's activities for the survey year and also include some information about industry's plans and commitments for the near-term future. Where aggregate data are presented in the UIA 1994, care has been taken to protect the confidentiality of company-specific information while still conveying accurate and complete statistical data. A feature article, ''Comparison of Uranium Mill Tailings Reclamation in the United States and Canada,'' is included in the UIA 1994. Data on uranium raw materials activities including exploration activities and expenditures, EIA-estimated resources and reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities, including purchases of uranium and enrichment services, and uranium inventories, enrichment feed deliveries (actual and projected), and unfilled market requirements are shown in Chapter 2

  2. Manual on industrial radiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This manual is intended as a source of educational material to personnel seeking certification as industrial radiographers, and as a guide and reference text for educational organizations that are providng courses in industrial radiography. It covers the basic principles of x-ray and gamma radiation, radiation safety, films and film processing, welding, casting and forging, aircraft structures and components, radiographic techniques, and records

  3. Cultural Industries Bloom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZAN JIFANG

    2010-01-01

    @@ The market scale of China's cultural industries reached around 800 billion yuan($118 billion)in 2009,said a report on China's cultural industry development jointly released by a cultural research center under the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and the academy's Social Sciences Academic Press on May 6.

  4. University/industry research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Peter M.

    The problems encountered in mixing industrial and university research goals can be major, but so can the benefits. The National Science Board (NSB) recently released a report on “University-Industry Research Relationships: Selected Studies” (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1983). It is an analysis of the much-discussed new trend toward increased industrial funding of university research projects.University laboratories cannot generally solve industry's R&D problems. Success for the corporation in sponsoring academic research is realized in the value of cooperative research programs as training exercises for future industrial scientists. An occasional patent arising from such a project is considered an added benefit, not a primary goal.

  5. Industrial applications of nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stark, W J; Stoessel, P R; Wohlleben, W; Hafner, A

    2015-08-21

    Research efforts in the past two decades have resulted in thousands of potential application areas for nanoparticles - which materials have become industrially relevant? Where are sustainable applications of nanoparticles replacing traditional processing and materials? This tutorial review starts with a brief analysis on what makes nanoparticles attractive to chemical product design. The article highlights established industrial applications of nanoparticles and then moves to rapidly emerging applications in the chemical industry and discusses future research directions. Contributions from large companies, academia and high-tech start-ups are used to elucidate where academic nanoparticle research has revolutionized industry practice. A nanomaterial-focused analysis discusses new trends, such as particles with an identity, and the influence of modern instrument advances in the development of novel industrial products.

  6. Uranium industry annual 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-04-01

    The Uranium Industry Annual 1996 (UIA 1996) provides current statistical data on the US uranium industry`s activities relating to uranium raw materials and uranium marketing. The UIA 1996 is prepared for use by the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the uranium and nuclear electric utility industries, and the public. Data on uranium raw materials activities for 1987 through 1996 including exploration activities and expenditures, EIA-estimated reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities for 1994 through 2006, including purchases of uranium and enrichment services, enrichment feed deliveries, uranium fuel assemblies, filled and unfilled market requirements, uranium imports and exports, and uranium inventories are shown in Chapter 2. A feature article, The Role of Thorium in Nuclear Energy, is included. 24 figs., 56 tabs.

  7. Uranium industry annual 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-05-01

    The Uranium Industry Annual 1995 (UIA 1995) provides current statistical data on the U.S. uranium industry`s activities relating to uranium raw materials and uranium marketing. The UIA 1995 is prepared for use by the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the uranium and nuclear electric utility industries, and the public. It contains data for the period 1986 through 2005 as collected on the Form EIA-858, ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey``. Data collected on the ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey`` provide a comprehensive statistical characterization of the industry`s plans and commitments for the near-term future. Where aggregate data are presented in the UIA 1995, care has been taken to protect the confidentiality of company-specific information while still conveying accurate and complete statistical data. Data on uranium raw materials activities for 1986 through 1995 including exploration activities and expenditures, EIA-estimated reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities for 1994 through 2005, including purchases of uranium and enrichment services, enrichment feed deliveries, uranium fuel assemblies, filled and unfilled market requirements, uranium imports and exports, and uranium inventories are shown in Chapter 2. The methodology used in the 1995 survey, including data edit and analysis, is described in Appendix A. The methodologies for estimation of resources and reserves are described in Appendix B. A list of respondents to the ``Uranium Industry Annual Survey`` is provided in Appendix C. For the reader`s convenience, metric versions of selected tables from Chapters 1 and 2 are presented in Appendix D along with the standard conversion factors used. A glossary of technical terms is at the end of the report. 14 figs., 56 tabs.

  8. Industrial analysis of the farmed salmon industry

    OpenAIRE

    Arnar Sigurjónsson 1982

    2012-01-01

    In recent years there has been a great consolidation of international food processors in the salmon farming industry in form of mergers and acquisitions (M&A). This development has not only been taking place between neighboring countries, but corporations have been investing in other continents. Marine Harvest Group (MHG) is the largest processor of farmed salmon in the world and has been the center of this development. The practical elements of the research are to support Marel, a major ...

  9. Beef feedlot industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mintert, James

    2003-07-01

    The United States cattle feeding sector has changed dramatically over time. Movement from an industry largely populated by farmer feeders using livestock to market their grain production to an industry composed of large, specialized, commercial cattle feeding firms has occurred since the end of World War II. Moreover, the industry also shifted geographically, moving away from the Corn Belt to the Plains as farmer feeders exited the industry. Today, the 10 largest firms in the industry likely market 22% to as much as 29% of all fed cattle produced in the United States. The shift in industry structure was at least partially motivated by the advent of improved technology. Successful implementation of rapidly evolving technology often required more intense, specialized management (and in some cases, larger operations) than was available in many farmer feeder operations. The ongoing shift away from live-weight pricing of fed cattle toward grid-based pricing could increase the need for specialized management yet again, encouraging even more industry consolidation in the future. PMID:12951739

  10. Uranium industry annual, 1991

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the Uranium Industry Annual 1991, data on uranium raw materials activities including exploration activities and expenditures, resources and reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities including domestic uranium purchases, commitments by utilities, procurement arrangements, uranium imports under purchase contracts and exports, deliveries to enrichment suppliers, inventories, secondary market activities, utility market requirements, and uranium for sale by domestic suppliers are presented in Chapter 2. A feature article entitled ''The Uranium Industry of the Commonwealth of Independent States'' is included in this report

  11. Plasma diagnostics in industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Plasma processing forms an invaluable part of semiconductor device manufacturing. For the most part, commercial tools have relied on an empirical process for their evolution and relied exclusively on plasma characterization only at the development stage. As this industry advances there is the need to provide non-invasive plasma characterization and diagnostics on the processing equipment, in order to provide more control over the plasma properties. We outline some of the typical configurations used in the industry and describe two of the measurement techniques we have developed for the characterization of these industrial plasma sources. (author)

  12. Petroleum industry 1996

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A survey on petroleum industry activities in France and in the world in 1996 is presented. The different parts and themes of the study are: evolution of the petroleum market (international and French markets, supply and demand, prices, mark-up and taxation in France and in Europe); activities in the petroleum industries (exploration and production, maritime transportation, inland transportation and storage, refining, quality of petroleum products and substitution fuels, oil distribution); environment and safety (refining, distribution and evolution of products, pipeline and maritime transportation, exploration and production); situation of the sector's companies (oil groups, para-petroleum French industry, scientific and technical research)

  13. Formal Methods in Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexei Serna A.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The application of formal methods in industry has progressed extensively over the past decade and the results are promising. But despite these achievements and it have been documented in numerous studies, it is still very common the skepticism about its usefulness and applicability. The goal of this paper is to show that its evolution over the past decade exceeds all previous processes and each time they do a better job to satisfy industrial needs. This is achieved by the description of some experiments and the result of various applications in industry and through an analyzing of the needs of companies that must be satisfy the research community in this field.

  14. Industries and environment - 2014 edition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After a general overview of the French economic context (composition of the French industry, the manufacturing industry, industry production and trade balance), this report presents industrial installations with risks: installations classified for the protection of the environment and submitted to industrial authorizations (ICPEA), basic nuclear installations, Seveso industrial facilities, IPPC industrial installations. The next part analyzes the various pressures exerted by the industry on the environment: material production and consumption, water taking, consumption of energetic products, release of pollutants in waters of industrial ICPE, releases in the air, greenhouse gas emissions, production of wastes, accidents and incidents with environmental consequences, polluted sites and soils, hazardous chemical products in the industry, industrial companies involved in nano-technologies and nano-materials. The last part proposes an overview of responses to these issues: implementation of environmental management system, corporate societal responsibility, investments and expenditures for the protection of the environment, industrial eco-activities, eco-labelled products manufactured by the industry

  15. The Educational Film Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tortora, Vincent R.; Schillaci, Peter

    1975-01-01

    Increased dialog is needed among educational film producers, distributors, and consumers in order to be sure that what is being produced meets educators' needs and also to help solve the financial problems of the film industry. (LS)

  16. Industry Based Monkfish Survey

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Monkfish industry leaders expressed concerns that the NEFSC bottom trawl surveys did not sample in all monkfish habitats; particularly the deeper water outside the...

  17. Uranium industry annual 1996

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Uranium Industry Annual 1996 (UIA 1996) provides current statistical data on the US uranium industry's activities relating to uranium raw materials and uranium marketing. The UIA 1996 is prepared for use by the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the uranium and nuclear electric utility industries, and the public. Data on uranium raw materials activities for 1987 through 1996 including exploration activities and expenditures, EIA-estimated reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities for 1994 through 2006, including purchases of uranium and enrichment services, enrichment feed deliveries, uranium fuel assemblies, filled and unfilled market requirements, uranium imports and exports, and uranium inventories are shown in Chapter 2. A feature article, The Role of Thorium in Nuclear Energy, is included. 24 figs., 56 tabs

  18. Chinese titanium industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>The effects of the financial crisis on the titanium industry are visible: investment plans for titanium smelting and processing have basically come to a halt in 2009, and projects under construction were also delayed. However, the

  19. Industrial Activity at CERN

    CERN Document Server

    Kowalik, G

    2000-01-01

    The decrease in the number of CERN staff creates the need for optimization of the non-core, infrastructure-related activities. An industrial, service-orientated approach has long been considered as an appropriate way to cope with the problem of diminishing resources. This paper presents industrial and service activity issues at CERN based on the experience of the exploitation of the power network. The most important problems linked to the application of the industrial approach to the exploitation of equipment in the CERN research environment are covered. These include the interface between accelerators and electrical exploitation services, external and internal regulations, sharing of responsibility between CERN staff and external contractors, continuous modification of clients' requirements, the balance between the cost of accelerator downtime versus the cost of infrastructure upgrade. A benchmarking through a comparison with a big industrial manufacturer is followed by recommendations for possible improveme...

  20. Entrepreneurship in Creative Industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jūratė Černevičiūtė

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Creative industries topic is closely related to the art markets in a variety of mediation forms. Traditional business entrepreneurship is risk-related activities implementing innovations in markets, and generating economic growth. The creative industry area has plenty of innovation, but its acceptance is more complex because of the cultural world’s participants’ agreements. Cultural world has its own social organization, associated with the mediation (including entrepreneurship types. The article examines the concept of entrepreneurship in the traditional business and creative industries and types of innovation and mediation (including entrepreneurship. The conclusion is that types of intermediary in creative industries depend on the cultural world’s social organization, and forms of mediation are more heterogeneous than in the traditional business. 

  1. Industry and dangerous wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The serious danger present tailing dumps of functioning and closed mineral resource industry in consequence of their weak security from natural disasters, proximity to water-ways, towns and state boundaries and also considering of past accidents

  2. CSR in Industrial Clusters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund-Thomsen, Peter; Pillay, Renginee G.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose – The paper seeks to review the literature on CSR in industrial clusters in developing countries, identifying the main strengths, weaknesses, and gaps in this literature, pointing to future research directions and policy implications in the area of CSR and industrial cluster development...... in this field and their comments incorporated in the final version submitted to Corporate Governance. Findings – The article traces the origins of the debate on industrial clusters and CSR in developing countries back to the early 1990s when clusters began to be seen as an important vehicle for local economic...... development in the South. At the turn of the millennium the industrial cluster debate expanded as clusters were perceived as a potential source of poverty reduction, while their role in promoting CSR among small and medium-sized enterprises began to take shape from 2006 onwards. At present, there is still...

  3. The pharmaceutical industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-06-01

    This Energy Consumption Guide shows the results of a survey of the UK Pharmaceutical Industry undertaken in 1992 in conjunction with the Association of the British Pharmaceutical Industry (ABPI). The survey was questionnaire based and the companies who replied represent approximately 20% of the energy consumption of the pharmaceutical industry as a whole. The questionnaire also included questions about the uptake of various energy saving measures, and the results of the analysis of these questions are presented in the guide. An action plan is presented which gives a number of ideas for energy saving measures suitable for application in the pharmaceutical industry. A potential for energy saving of 10 PJ per year costing Pound 34 million per year is indicated by comparing the performance of more efficient companies with others. (author)

  4. Uranium Industry Annual, 1992

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Uranium Industry Annual provides current statistical data on the US uranium industry for the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the uranium and electric utility industries, and the public. The feature article, ''Decommissioning of US Conventional Uranium Production Centers,'' is included. Data on uranium raw materials activities including exploration activities and expenditures, resources and reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities including domestic uranium purchases, commitments by utilities, procurement arrangements, uranium imports under purchase contracts and exports, deliveries to enrichment suppliers, inventories, secondary market activities, utility market requirements, and uranium for sale by domestic suppliers are presented in Chapter 2

  5. Nuclear techniques in industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear techniques are utilized in almost every industry. The discussion in this paper includes discussions on tracer methods and uses nucleonic control systems technology; non-destructive testing techniques and radiation technology. 1 fig., 2 tabs

  6. Industrial applications at GANIL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After a first round of industrial applications using heavy ion beams, GANIL has refocused these activities along the lines defined by a strategy and market study. Heavy ion industrial applications take their roots in the physical effects of the interactions occurring between heavy ion projectiles and matter. Specific equipments operated by GANIL or CIRIL allow users to take benefit from these effects. By heavy ion irradiation, industrial companies qualify radiation hardened electronic components and sensitize plastic films to produce 'nuclear track' membranes. Research and development programs with laboratories of the public sector, focus on heavy ion lithography dedicated to large area luminescent flat screens with field emitter microtips and on tribology with radioactive implanted ions. Even sometimes facing difficulties to fill the gap between industry and research, GANIL is eager to promote heavy ion beam technologies. (author) 36 refs., 6 figs., 5 tabs

  7. ATLAS rewards industry

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Showing excellence in mechanics, electronics and cryogenics, three industries are honoured for their contributions to the ATLAS experiment. Representatives of the three award-wining companies after the ceremony. For contributing vital pieces to the ATLAS puzzle, three industries were recognized on Friday 5 May during a supplier awards ceremony. After a welcome and overview of the ATLAS experiment by spokesperson Peter Jenni, CERN Secretary-General Maximilian Metzger stressed the importance of industry to CERN's scientific goals. Close interaction with CERN was a key factor in the selection of each rewarded company, in addition to the high-quality products they delivered to the experiment. Alu Menziken Industrie AG, of Switzerland, was honoured for the production of 380,000 aluminium tubes for the Monitored Drift Tube Chambers (MDT). As Giora Mikenberg, the Muon System Project Leader stressed, the aluminium tubes were delivered on time with an extraordinary quality and precision. Between October 2000 and Jan...

  8. Restructuring the Electricity Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boom, Anette; Buehler, Stefan

    We study the role of vertical structure in determining generating capacities and retail prices in the electricity industry. Allowing for uncertain demand, we compare three market configurations: (i) integrated monopoly, (ii) integrated duopoly with wholesale trade, and (iii) separated duopoly...

  9. Uranium Industry Annual, 1992

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-10-28

    The Uranium Industry Annual provides current statistical data on the US uranium industry for the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the uranium and electric utility industries, and the public. The feature article, ``Decommissioning of US Conventional Uranium Production Centers,`` is included. Data on uranium raw materials activities including exploration activities and expenditures, resources and reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment are presented in Chapter 1. Data on uranium marketing activities including domestic uranium purchases, commitments by utilities, procurement arrangements, uranium imports under purchase contracts and exports, deliveries to enrichment suppliers, inventories, secondary market activities, utility market requirements, and uranium for sale by domestic suppliers are presented in Chapter 2.

  10. Botulinum toxin industry : is it a profitable industry to enter?

    OpenAIRE

    Salopek, Barbara

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines the botulinum toxin industry and is it profitable to enter. In particular, the paper aims to define whether the industry structure is attractive because an industry is considered profitable only if it has attractive structure. This has been explored through applying the Porter’s five forces framework which provides a good understanding of farces shaping the industry and thus help to define the industry structure. It has been shown that the BTX industry has b...

  11. Industrial psychology and industrial relations a South African perspective

    OpenAIRE

    C. M. Tustin; Flowers, J.

    1993-01-01

    Given the potential value of industrial psychology's contribution to the inter-disciplinary field of industrial relations, and given its rather indifferent past record in this respect, the purpose of this study is to clarify the role of industrial psychology in industrial relations. The opinions of registered industrial psychologists in South Africa were surveyed about those issues in which industrial psychology does have a role to play. Respondents confirmed an ongoing mutual indifference be...

  12. Industrial Transformation, Where?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Ting

    2008-01-01

    @@ Troubled in a tough time,anyone wondered the way to get out,so does Chinese textile industry as well as textile and apparel enterprises in China.Suffering the pressure of industrial development,various measures and suggestions have been carries out to realize an optimistic effect.The city of Zhengzhou,as a pioneer,gathered a group of professional experts and analyst to fine the way.

  13. Sustainable Industrial Production

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Irene

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this case is to create awareness about a somewhat unfamiliar industry that accounts for over €3 billion in Scandinavia and £5,6 billion in the UK, the Metals recycling industry. The case features a Scandinavian Company and includes several perspectives from managerial disciplines...... such as general management and operations management in particular. Through a case narrative, discussions of management dilemmas can be made, as well as evaluations and attention towards problems can also been included. ...

  14. Insurance in Tourism Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Taleski, Petar; Taskov, Nako

    2011-01-01

    The issue of cost and availability of insurance, particularly for tourism operators, has become a common issue for the tourism industry across European Union. It has been particularly problematic in those jurisdictions that have a high number of adventure and eco-tourism operators. The main challenge appears to be in relation to securing commercial general liability coverage and/or obtaining such coverage on a cost effective basis. One of the problems is that the tourism industry does not ...

  15. Industry Service - Technology Centre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hollensen, Svend; Grünbaum, Niels Nolsøe

    2011-01-01

    The chapter describes and explains the development of an Industry Service Technology (IS-T) portal solution at Danfoss for testing of products, including booking system for standardised 'service packages' in order to reduce waiting time.......The chapter describes and explains the development of an Industry Service Technology (IS-T) portal solution at Danfoss for testing of products, including booking system for standardised 'service packages' in order to reduce waiting time....

  16. Uranium industry annual, 1988

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report presents data on US uranium raw materials and marketing activities of the domestic uranium industry. It contains aggregated data reported by US companies on the ''Uranium Industry Annual Survey'' (1988), Form EIA-858, and historical data from prior data collections and other pertinent sources. The report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA), the independent agency for data collection and analysis with the US Department of Energy

  17. Industrial Fuel Flexibility Workshop

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2006-09-01

    On September 28, 2006, in Washington, DC, ITP and Booz Allen Hamilton conducted a fuel flexibility workshop with attendance from various stakeholder groups. Workshop participants included representatives from the petrochemical, refining, food and beverage, steel and metals, pulp and paper, cement and glass manufacturing industries; as well as representatives from industrial boiler manufacturers, technology providers, energy and waste service providers, the federal government and national laboratories, and developers and financiers.

  18. Petroleum industry in 2004

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document presents a detailed outlook of the petroleum industry in the world and more particularly in France in 2005: evolution of crude oil prices; petroleum exploration and production in the world and in France; the French para-petroleum and petroleum industry; the oil supplies; the refining activities; the evolution of products quality and the substitution fuels; the domestic transports, the storage and consumption of petroleum products; the fiscality, prices and distribution of petroleum products. (J.S.)

  19. Industrial communication technology handbook

    CERN Document Server

    Zurawski, Richard

    2014-01-01

    Featuring contributions from major technology vendors, industry consortia, and government and private research establishments, the Industrial Communication Technology Handbook, Second Edition provides comprehensive and authoritative coverage of wire- and wireless-based specialized communication networks used in plant and factory automation, automotive applications, avionics, building automation, energy and power systems, train applications, and more.New to the Second Edition:46 brand-new chapters and 21 substantially revised chaptersInclusion of the latest, most significant developments in spe

  20. The Italian Music Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Barbarito Luca; Ardizzone Antonella

    2010-01-01

    The Music Industry is a complex system in which many different actors interact. In this system there are suppliers of musical instruments, music schools, authors, singers, the phonographic industry, live events organizations and also the suppliers of those electronic devices necessary to listen to the music. This paper tries to analyze the size of those segments, their changes, and which are the key nodes in this system. Also the way we listen to music has changed a lot in this last 10 years,...

  1. Shipping Industry Structure

    OpenAIRE

    Wijnolst, N.; Waals, F.

    1999-01-01

    Understanding Shipping Management requires a thorough understanding of the Shipping Industry Structure. This book provides this knowledge base and should be seen in conjunction with two other books: Shipping and Design Innovation in Shipping. Shipping Industry Structure was intended as the first part of a book on shipping management; the second part should discuss the different management domains in shipping, such as strategy, finance, investment and risk, marketing, operations, organisation ...

  2. Industrial waste pollution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, L. D.

    1972-01-01

    The characteristics and effects of industrial waste pollution in the Chesapeake Bay are discussed. The sources of inorganic and organic pollution entering the bay are described. The four types of pollutants are defined as: (1) inorganic chemical wastes, (2) naturally occurring organic wastes, (3) synthetic organic wastes (exotics) and (4) thermal effluents. The ecological behavior of industrial wastes in the surface waters is analyzed with respect to surface film phenomena, interfacial phenomena, and benthis phenomena

  3. Handbook of industrial lighting

    CERN Document Server

    Lyons, Stanley L

    2013-01-01

    Handbook of Industrial Lighting is a practical guide on the specification, design, installation, operation, and maintenance of lighting in industrial premises. Coverage of the book includes the importance of good localized lighting; the different lighting schemes; lighting for difficult visual tasks; lighting in consideration to safety; and emergency lighting. The book also includes the practical, thermal, ventilation, and energy considerations; lighting in different environments; maintenance of lighting installations; and the cost benefits of efficient lighting. Appendices include useful info

  4. Entrepreneurship in Creative Industries

    OpenAIRE

    Jūratė Černevičiūtė

    2011-01-01

    Creative industries topic is closely related to the art markets in a variety of mediation forms. Traditional business entrepreneurship is risk-related activities implementing innovations in markets, and generating economic growth. The creative industry area has plenty of innovation, but its acceptance is more complex because of the cultural world’s participants’ agreements. Cultural world has its own social organization, associated with the mediation (including entrepreneurship) types. The ar...

  5. Industrial services at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    The Bulletin looks at industrial services contracts and the real impact of the cost reductions at CERN. The level of industrial services contracts varies from one phase to another. For example, during the dismantling of LEP (photo) it rose substiantially to fall again at the end of dismantling. Industrial services contracts are an important resource for CERN. The level and nature of such contracts changes according to the phase of operation of the Laboratory. A construction phase, as for the LHC, requires a higher level of industrial services contracts compared with a period of normal running. During the operation of LEP, industrial services contracts were thus maintained at a level of 120 MCHF per year. The level rose to 156 MCHF in 2001 to include contracts awarded for dismantling LEP, and fell to about 144 MCHF in 2002 when the dismantling was complete. During the whole LHC construction period, up to 2007, industrial services spending will be stable in the range 135-140 MCHF per year. For the running pe...

  6. HEALTH ASPECTS OF INDUSTRIALIZATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.Ghiami

    1973-03-01

    Full Text Available Any form of industrialization leads to cultural changes which may be rapid and extensive, and provoke considerable stress. Such changes are particularly extensive when developing countries are rapidly industrialized. Agricultural workers who move to industrial areas may shift from barter to a monetary economy. All of this is to them an entirely new way of living and so they try to keep contact with their place of origin. As a result their new life in the city and at home is disrupted. The traditional Social Forces and moral values which formerly exercised a stabilizing influence in the peasant culture are weakened. The result may be social disorganization which can have far reaching effects on community health and lead to behavioral disorders such as delinquency, crime, drug addictions and alcoholism and contribute to an increase in incidence of mental illness. During the period of industrialization the increase of food production may not be of the same order as the increase in production of industry. With the transfer of the population from rural areas to the industrial centers some changes of diet may occur. The health problems of the workers will often be related not only the environment. The workers might be exposed to hazardous physical, chemical and biological factors.

  7. Textile Industrial Clusters in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    "National Textile Industry Cluster Development Seminar" convened, held by China National Textile and Apparel Council, 23 cities and towns were awarded as China’s Textile Industry Cluster Pilot District. By far, China’s textile industrial clusters have grown

  8. NEMS industrial module documentation report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-01-01

    The NEMS Industrial Demand Model is a dynamic accounting model, bringing together the disparate industries and uses of energy in those industries, and putting them together in an understandable and cohesive framework. The Industrial Model generates mid-term (up to the year 2010) forecasts of industrial sector energy demand as a component of the NEMS integrated forecasting system. From the NEMS system, the Industrial Model receives fuel prices, employment data, and the value of output of industrial activity. Based on the values of these variables, the Industrial Model passes back to the NEMS system estimates of consumption by fuel types.

  9. Industrial Section Convenor's Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barone, M.; Riboni, P.

    2002-11-01

    Over the years this conference has gained a solid reputation as an appropriate rostrum for illustrating new concepts in the relations between industry and the scientific world and for introducing new technologies to a large assistance of junior and more experienced scientists. In fact, from the very beginning the founders of this endeavour announced: "The conference is aimed for promoting contacts among scientists involved in particle and fundamental physics, among experimental physicists in other fields and representatives from industry." Facilities at the Conference are designed to fulfil the task: space and general facilities are offered to industry representatives to display their products. This year a more accessible and luminous space arrangement was made available to the exhibitors. At the same time two plenary sessions have been dedicated to selected speakers to illustrate new trends in Technology Transfer, analysis of environment affecting our community, examples of historical successes in the merging of science and industry. We have identified in "GRID" and in "E-Publishing" two major promising areas where our Community will play a prime role as "User" and it was of the general interest to have them illustrated by two personalities directly involved in their development. The flow of knowledge is of course more massive from "Industry" to "Science" than vice-versa, but "Science" to "Industry" move offers an intensive added value. The technology transfer concept with the "Patents" as fund raising tool proved less glorious than expected. Trademark, licensing agreement and " Patents" can assure intellectual properties. But patent is an issue to be used cautiously. Evidence exists that much more efficient transfer of "Science" knowledge to "Economy" is achieved by venture capital move and start-up companies. These two facets of the Technology Transfer business have been covered by Routti's and Bourgeois's lectures.There are two examples of Companies who moved

  10. ALTERAÇÕES NA INFILTRAÇÃO DE ÁGUA EM LATOSSOLOS DEVIDAS À INCORPORAÇÃO CONTROLADA DE RESÍDUO INDUSTRIAL DE SILICATOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário Benincasa

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available In this work water infiltration experiments were carried out in horizontal unsaturated soils columns. Three soils, Red-Yellow Latosol, Dark-Red Latosol, and Dusky-Red Latosol were treated with a silicate residue produced by an industry from Rio Claro city, SP. The residue was added to each soil at the rate (in weight of 1%, 2%, 5%and 10%. A soil column without residue was used as a control. The position of wetting front as a function of the square root of the flow infiltration time, and water contents at air-dry and saturated soils columns were measured. The result shows that the increase onthe rate of incorporated residue decreased the wetting front velocity. The main conclusion is that residue addition on soils decreased the water infiltration, whereas the water retention was increased, which is beneficial to the agriculture. From the environmental point of view, the use of the industrial residue as soil conditioner is beneficial within the limits of this study, since it represents an alternative to storage, and/or waste disposal. = No presente trabalho foram efetuados experimentos de infiltração de águaem colunas de latossolos não saturados. Foram utilizados um Latossolo Vermelho Amarelo, um Latossolo Vermelho Escuro e um Latossolo Roxo, tratados com um resíduo de silicatos proveniente de uma indústria do município de Rio Claro, SP. O resíduo foi incorporado a cada solo em taxas de 1%, 2%, 5% e 10% , em peso. Uma coluna de cada solo sem resíduo foi usada como controle. As posições da frente de molhamento em função da raiz quadrada do tempo de infiltração e as umidades iniciais e de saturação de cada coluna foram medidas. Os resultados mostraram que o aumento da concentração do resíduo incorporado, provocou a diminuição da velocidade da frente de molhamento. A principal conclusão é que a adição do resíduo diminuiu a infiltração da água nos solos, ao mesmo tempo em que aumentou a sua retenção, e isto é ben

  11. Competing For industry Resources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This presentation by Norway's Minister of Petroleum and Energy describes (1) Norway in the energy picture, (2) oil market developments, (3) the establishment of an energy policy and (4) the investment level of the Norwegian petroleum activities. Value creation from Norwegian petroleum resources is directly connected with the commercial companies' participation in the activities. Thus, it has been a main challenge for Norway to establish a balanced petroleum policy and a legal framework. Presumably Norway will remain a prospective and attractive petroleum province for a long time. Over the years, Norway has developed three very competent and competitive national oil companies and a significant national supply industry. This industry is highly competitive internationally. Many new petroleum provinces are opening up for foreign investors and energy consumption of the world is expected to increase significantly the next 20 - 30 years. This implies increased demand for the products, but also strong competition for industry resources

  12. Industrial coal utilization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1979-01-01

    The effects of the National Energy Act on the use of coal in US industrial and utility power plants are considered. Innovative methods of using coal in an environmentally acceptable way are discussed: furnace types, fluidized-bed combustion, coal-oil-mixtures, coal firing in kilns and combustion of synthetic gas and liquid fuels. Fuel use in various industries is discussed with trends brought about by uncertain availability and price of natural gas and fuel oils: steel, chemical, cement, pulp and paper, glass and bricks. The symposium on Industrial Coal Utilization was sponsored by the US DOE, Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center, April 3 to 4, 1979. Twenty-one papers have been entered individually into the EDB. (LTN)

  13. Industrial experience with titanium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Titanium is a reference material for the construction of waste containers in the Canadian Nuclear Fuel Waste Management Program. It has been in industrial service for over 30 a, often in severe corrosion environments, but it is still considered a relatively exotic material with limited operating history. This has arisen because of the aerospace applications of this material and the misconception that the high strength-to-weight ratio dominates the choice of this material. In fact, the advantage of titanium lies in its high reliability and excellent corrosion resistance. It has a proven record in seawater heat exchanger service and a demonstrated excellent reliability even in polluted water. For many reasons it is the technically correct choice of material for marine applications. In this report we review the industrial service history of titanium, particularly in hot saline environments, and demonstrate that it is a viable waste container material, based upon this industrial service history and operating experience. (author)

  14. Servitization in industry

    CERN Document Server

    2014-01-01

    Presenting both a comprehensive collection of sectorial studies of servitization in manufacturing industries, on the one hand, and research investigating the necessity to adapt various processes and departments of manufacturing companies to servitized business models, on the other, ‘Servitization in Industry’ informs the scientific and managerial servitization debate with recent data regarding industrial servitization models. This book provides detailed analyses of manufacturing sectors that elucidate the options and barriers related to servitization from a sector-based perspective. This sector-based approach allows for an individual and in-depth examination of recent relationships among manufacturers and their clients by explaining leads and lags in servitization. Serving to maximize reader insight into the specific characteristics of different sectors with their barriers and potentials, the book presents frameworks for successful servitization of the core sectors in European manufacturing industries whi...

  15. Industrial Assessment Center Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dr. Dereje Agonafer

    2007-11-30

    The work described in this report was performed under the direction of the Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) at University of Texas at Arlington. The IAC at The University of Texas at Arlington is managed by Rutgers University under agreement with the United States Department of Energy Office of Industrial Technology, which financially supports the program. The objective of the IAC is to identify, evaluate, and recommend, through analysis of an industrial plant’s operations, opportunities to conserve energy and prevent pollution, thereby reducing the associated costs. IAC team members visit and survey the plant. Based upon observations made in the plant, preventive/corrective actions are recommended. At all times we try to offer specific and quantitative recommendations of cost savings, energy conservation, and pollution prevention to the plants we serve.

  16. INDUSTRIAL RISK Programme development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    INC-DTCI ICIS Rm. Valcea conducts basic and applied research among which there is the INDUSTRIAL RISK Programme that comprises studies of risk analysis and evaluation at objectives and activities in zones were risk factors are in operation, factors leading potentially to natural or technological disasters. The risk analysis and evaluation methodology proposed is a follow-up of the action plan for risk reduction in industry. The risk management refers to risk and its components assessment and identification of places where improvements are to be introduced. The risk analysis and evaluation model was developed for installations in chemical industry and are also applicable for the installations of heavy water production by H2O-H2S isotopic exchange. The risk studies supply information necessary in making decisions, aiming at preventing the operation incidence and reducing their consequences

  17. CEA and mining industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The French atomic energy commission (CEA) is involved in the mining industry in several ways: - in the front-end of the nuclear industry through its daughter companies and participations in the exploration and exploitation of uranium ores, but also of gold and alloy metals with a 26% participation in Eramet company, the world leader of manganese and nickel. This activity is the main occupation of Cogema daughter company, via the Areva holding; - in the back-end of the nuclear fuel cycle with the delicate problem of the management of radioactive wastes; - in parallel with the nuclear industry through an important activity in semiconductor materials (FCI and SMTElectronics); - and finally through various research works on several mineral compounds. This article focusses on the fuel cycle aspects of the CEA activities and concludes with the research works carried out today on thermonuclear fusion. (J.S.)

  18. Service to industrial markets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Niagara Mohawk supports efforts to deregulate the natural gas industry. Competition has existed in the gas industry for some time and it is here to stay. While increased competition can benefit all customers, transition to more fully deregulated markets will create winners and losers. Niagara Mohawk intends to focus on the opportunities and be a winner. Unbundled transportation service has been offered for about seven years and a form of no notice services for two and one half years. Last year we were the first to introduce capacity brokering service in New York. We plan to work with the NYS Public Service Commission to offer an expanded menu of additional gas services to industrial customers. We're looking at doing this within the regulatory framework thereby capturing benefits for the firm ratepayer while avoiding the duplication and added expense of an independent marketing entity. The services that Niagara Mohawk plans to offer its customers are described

  19. From rumen to industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sauer Michael

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The rumen is one of the most complicated and most fascinating microbial ecosystems in nature. A wide variety of microbial species, including bacteria, fungi and protozoa act together to bioconvert (lignocellulosic plant material into compounds, which can be taken up and metabolized by the ruminant. Thus, the rumen perfectly resembles a solution to a current industrial problem: the biorefinery, which aims at the bioconversion of lignocellulosic material into fuels and chemicals. We suggest to intensify the studies of the ruminal microbial ecosystem from an industrial microbiologists point of view in order to make use of this rich source of organisms and enzymes.

  20. Solar industrial process heat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lumsdaine, E.

    1981-04-01

    The aim of the assessment reported is to candidly examine the contribution that solar industrial process heat (SIPH) is realistically able to make in the near and long-term energy futures of the United States. The performance history of government and privately funded SIPH demonstration programs, 15 of which are briefly summarized, and the present status of SIPH technology are discussed. The technical and performance characteristics of solar industrial process heat plants and equipment are reviewed, as well as evaluating how the operating experience of over a dozen SIPH demonstration projects is influencing institutional acceptance and economoc projections. Implications for domestic energy policy and international implications are briefly discussed. (LEW)

  1. Industry and energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document is the provisional version of the summary of the debates of the 2433. session of the European Union Council about various topics relative to the industry and the energy. The energy-related topics that have been debated concern: the government helps in coal industry, the internal electricity and gas market, the trans-European energy networks, the bio-fuels in transportation systems, the energy charter, the pluri-annual energy program, and the green book on the security of energy supplies. (J.S.)

  2. Hong Kong's Foundry Industry Survey

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Hong Kong, as one of the global economy centers, its manufacturing industry is well-known to the world. Foundry industry is named as "The Father of Manufacturing Industry",and in Hong Kong there currently are 1 500 enterprises, staffed with 500 000 employees. The following are some special features of the Hong Kong foundry industry.

  3. Design research and industrial applicability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andreasen, Mogens Myrup

    1997-01-01

    Imprinted paper (copies of overheads in English) on the nature of design research, the transformation process for industrial utilization and the challenges of ENDREA from industry.......Imprinted paper (copies of overheads in English) on the nature of design research, the transformation process for industrial utilization and the challenges of ENDREA from industry....

  4. Educational aspects of industrial radiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The state of art of training and education in non-destructive testing in India, with special reference to industrial radiography is reviewed. Basic requirement of industry and potential of radioisotopes in industrial inspection are also described. Need for an organised training programme in industrial isotope radiography to exploit potentials for benefit of industry concurrent with the safety is stressed. A comprehensive training programme tailored to meet the needs of Indian industry is outlined. Benefits obtained from the course to the industry since the beginning of the training programme are briefly reviewed. (auth.)

  5. Pupils' Attitudes to Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cullingford, Cedric

    2004-01-01

    The relationship between schooling and employability is both close and ambiguous; close because governments are always keen that education should promote those practical skills that are employable. To this end, considerable investment has been made in promoting the virtues of industry. The question remains whether all the initiatives have…

  6. Moving up in industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Covell, Charlotte

    2016-01-23

    Charlotte Covell is commercial business manager at Virbac UK, a role that gives her responsibility for the company's sales to corporate practices, some buying groups and internet pharmacies. She began her career as a veterinary nurse, but moved into industry and now has a role in senior business management. PMID:26795866

  7. Water Pollution Control Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Environmental Science and Technology, 1974

    1974-01-01

    A special report on the state of the water pollution control industry reveals that due to forthcoming federal requirements, sales and the backlogs should increase; problems may ensue because of shortages of materials and inflation. Included are reports from various individual companies. (MLB)

  8. Den Fornybare Kemiske Industri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Betina; Taarning, Esben; Christensen, Claus H.

    2007-01-01

    En af de største udfordringer for den kemiske industri i dag er udviklingen af selektive reaktioner, hvor kulhydrater, ethanol og glycerol omdannes til simple kemikalier. Udfordringen vanskeliggøres af, at kun de simpleste reagenser som ilt og brint er tilladte, da processerne ellers vil blive ikke-rentable....

  9. Koeberg - An industry perspective

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Many local organisations participated in the Koeberg power station project. This paper seeks to present a perspective of this from South African industry. It covers the extent of local participation, lessons learned and changes which should be considered for optimising local input into a similar project in the future. (author)

  10. Industrial Education Safety Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

    California is one of the few states in which school districts have a legal responsibility for accidents involving students while they are participating in assigned school activities. This guide was prepared to help school administrators and teachers evaluate their safety instruction programs and industrial education facilities in accordance with…

  11. Agricultural Industrialization: It's Inevitable

    OpenAIRE

    Urban, Thomas N.

    1991-01-01

    The industrialization of agriculture is with us. It's driven by consumer and processor needs, supported by new and useful technology, and augmented by the severe agricultural recession of the 1980s, which changed attitudes towards risk. The consequences for farm policy and rural development are significant, and should be favorable.

  12. Education for industrial ecology.

    OpenAIRE

    Starr, C

    1992-01-01

    The societal issues relevant to the subject of industrial ecology call for the participation of broadly educated engineers who can integrate their technology with the social, political, environmental, and economic aspects of its applications. This increase in the responsibility of traditional engineering to include the end-use, obsolescence, and disposition of technical products signals a new era for engineering education.

  13. Industrial Mechanical Maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hendrix, Laborn J.

    This manual was developed to assist teachers in Oklahoma in preparing students for industrial mechanical maintenance. The materials in this teacher's guide are organized in 14 units of instruction covering the following four areas: receiving and setting equipment; equipment hookup and operation; equipment layout, anchoring, and setup; and…

  14. INTERMOUNTAIN INDUSTRIAL ASSESSMENT CENTER

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    MELINDA KRAHENBUHL

    2010-05-28

    The U. S. Department of Energy’s Intermountain Industrial Assessment Center (IIAC) at the University of Utah has been providing eligible small- and medium-sized manufacturers with no-cost plant assessments since 2001, offering cost-effective recommendations for improvements in the areas of energy efficiency, pollution prevention, and productivity improvement.

  15. The renewable chemicals industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Claus H.; Rass-Hansen, J.; Marsden, Charlotte Clare;

    2008-01-01

    per kilogram of desired product to illustrate in which processes the use of renewable resources lead to the most substantial reduction of CO2 emissions. The steps towards a renewable chemicals industry will most likely involve intimate integration of biocatalytic and conventional catalytic processes...

  16. Perspectives on industry restructuring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An industry association perspective on restructuring in the electrical industry was offered, placing the ongoing debate about deregulation and competition in the industry in Ontario into a Canadian and a global context. It was found that the move towards deregulation was a global phenomenon, fuelled by the emergence of increasingly open and highly competitive global markets, heightened consumer expectations, and new technologies and convergence. Examples from the U.K., Norway, Australia, New Zealand and the United States were cited to indicate the spread of this trend. Canadian utilities, among them B.C. Hydro, Nova Scotia Power and the Alberta utilities being prime examples, also have restructured recently into separate generation, transmission, distribution and consumer service units to better react to changing market needs. Alliances with other utilities or competitors in the energy sector to pursue business opportunities outside traditional markets, are also not uncommon. Therefore, it was only a question of time for Ontario Hydro, the largest Canadian electric utility, to come under public pressure to follow the national and global trend. The MacDonald Committee recommendations provide the foundation for radical change for the industry. If and when implemented, they could have a major impact on how the electricity sector in Canada will operate in the years to come. Sound decisions by the Ontario government as to the appropriate regulatory model may also determine the province's ability to compete in the unfolding restructuring of electricity markets throughout North America

  17. Industrial power distribution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sorrells, M.A.

    1990-01-01

    This paper is a broad overview of industrial power distribution. Primary focus will be on selection of the various low voltage components to achieve the end product. Emphasis will be on the use of national standards to ensure a safe and well designed installation.

  18. Ethics for Industrial Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosentrater, Kurt A.; Balamuralikrishna, Radha

    2005-01-01

    This paper takes aim at one specific, as well as basic, need in teamwork and interdisciplinary projects--ethics and its implications for professional practice. A preliminary study suggests that students majoring in industrial technology degree programs may not have adequate opportunity to formally study and engage in ethical aspects of technology…

  19. Air Pollution and Industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, R. D., Ed.

    This book is an authoritative reference and practical guide designed to help the plant engineer identify and solve industrial air pollution problems in order to be able to meet current air pollution regulations. Prepared under the editorial supervision of an experienced chemical engineer, with each chapter contributed by an expert in his field,…

  20. Addressing Industrial Overcapacity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    China vows to exert tougher restrictions on excess capacity and redundant construction Enterprises looking to invest in the steel, cement or plate glass sectors will find it difficult to establish operations. The government is saying "no" to any expansion into these industries.

  1. Industrial Assessment Center

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Umesh K. Saxena

    2009-06-04

    This project involved providing technical assistance to help small and medium size industries in Wisconsin to reduce operating costs by managing energy, waste and productivity. The project helped save 525 companies on average about $40,000 per year. Under the direction of Dr. Saxena, more than twenty undergraduate and ten graduate students were trained in energy, waste, and productivity management.

  2. Radioisotopes in Industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baker, Philip S. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Fuccillo, Jr., Domenic A. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Gerrard, Martha W. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Lafferty, Jr., Robert H. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    1967-05-01

    Radioisotopes, man-made radioactive elements, are used in industry primarily for measuring, testing and processing. How and why they are useful is the subject of this booklet. The booklet discusses their origin, their properties, their uses, and how they may be used in the future.

  3. Industry information service

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    BNF is the UK nuclear industry's representative organisation and its membership is inclusive of the entire civil nuclear industry in the Britain. BNF members include Britain's two nuclear electricity generating companies, Nuclear Electric and Scottish Nuclear, who between them manage the seventeen nuclear power stations which provide approximately 20% of the country's generating capacity. An important role of the Forum is to act as the information centre for the industry as a whole and during 1992, the Forum has strengthened its information service with the setting up of an extensive, computer-based network. The network has been established to provide an effective way of managing UK domestic nuclear-related issues and for maximising the news value of our industry's achievements. Equally important is the service's role as an international source of information - particularly when nuclear incidents occur outside the UK. The Forum also acts as an international exchange centre, disseminating technical information, for example, and by promptly providing accurate and comprehensive information to minimise the potential damage to public confidence in nuclear power generation which may be caused by any reported nuclear incidents. Recent examples of the successful operation of the BNF information service and its communications network have been the Leningradskya incident in March 1992 and the hurricane Andrew situation which developed at the end of August 1992

  4. Intra-industry trade

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.G.M. van Marrewijk (Charles)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractIntra-industry trade arises if a country simultaneously imports and exports similar types of goods or services. Similarity is identified here by the goods or services being classified in the same “sector”. Suppose, for the sake of argument, that we focus on the sector “cars”. Intra-indus

  5. Forging an Industrial Center

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Ningdong Development Zone, an important national-level base for the coal and chemical industries, is located in the eastern part of Yinchuan, capital of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. It is an energy development base for transforming electricity from west to east in the country and a trial base for promoting a cyclic economy.

  6. Textile Industrial Clusters in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Nie Ting

    2010-01-01

    @@ "National Textile Industry Cluster Development Seminar" convened,held by China National Textile and Apparel Council,23 cities and towns were awarded as China's Textile Industry Cluster Pilot District.By far,China's textile industrial clusters have grown to 164,which indicate a quick and gorgeous development.These textile industrial clusters have a great impact on the local economy and even the whole national textile industry's development.

  7. Textile industry and occupational cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Singh, Zorawar; Chadha, Pooja

    2016-01-01

    Background and summary Thousands of workers are engaged in textile industry worldwide. Textile industry involves the use of different kinds of dyes which are known to possess carcinogenic properties. Solvents used in these industries are also associated with different health related hazards including cancer. In previous studies on textile and iron industries, the authors have reported genotoxicity among them and observed occurrence of cancer deaths among textile industry workers. Thus, an att...

  8. 21 reports of future industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book deals with 21 reports on future industry, which contain revolution of digital educations, genetic engineering, the newest medical device, environmental industry, artificial intelligence, virtual reality, bio-green revolution, energy of the future, advanced concept computer, e-commerce, digital cash, game industry, information technology for future, next DRAM, information protection industry, robot to replace manpower, medium for information display, navigation systems, a space development, design industry and, home automation.

  9. INDUSTRIAL TRANSFORMATION OF SHENYANG CITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Ping-yu

    2003-01-01

    Industrial transformation represents a unique economic phenomenon in China's regional economy,and old industrial city reconstruction has long been a key problem that affects state security. As a typical old indus-trial city in China, Shenyang established its heavy industrial city position in the First Five-year Plan period (1953-1957), and this industrial structure has been consolidated for a long time. After 1978, Shenyang began its long last-ing industrial reconstruction in an all-round way by 3 main initiatives including restructuring economic system, up-grading traditional industrial technology and developing high-tech industry. In the end of the 1990s, it could be I-dentified that remarkable structural changes took place in city economy at large as well as individual industrial sec-tor. According to the GDP proportion change, Shenyang is on the way to a high level industrial structure. The sec-ondary industry also engendered significant shifting as smelting and textile industry declined sharply but IT industry increased largely. Although the ratio of the heavy industry to the light industry changed periodically, the heavy in-dustrial output value most time kept a high proportion over 60% of the gross industrial output value in the past five decades. Shenyang has favorable conditions for developing equipment manufacturing industry, but it should carry out the program by establishing its leading role in urban economy plan, building "Theme Industrial Parks", improv-ing Tiexi Industrial Zone, removing any kind of system barrier, enlarging private and other ownerships economy and improving technology, marketing and management by IT application. In response to economy globalization,Shenyang needs to expand the cooperation worldwide and improve the cohesion with surrounding cities.

  10. Reconstruction of Industrial Location in View of Industrial Agglomeration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Huayou; DING Sibao

    2006-01-01

    The Industrial Agglomeration Theory has been evolving all the time. The study on the industrial location has become the focus of the massive theoretical location problems about agglomeration since the 1970s. The authors here analyze the evolution and the characteristics of the Industrial Agglomeration Theory and study its effect on the reconstruction of industrial location. The study suggests that the new idea of reconstruction of industrial location is to cultivate regional innovative system. On this basis, the authors analyze two cases of old industrial bases on their construction-Tiexi Industrial District in Shenyang City and Changchun Industrial Economic Development Zone. Finally, the authors put forward some suggestions that should be regarded, which include: 1) to combine industrial location reconstruction and enterprises' inner reform; 2) to speed up adjustment of resources and opening to the world; 3) to combine government mechanism with the market mechanism properly.

  11. Industrial applications of refrigeration. Utilizing industries; Applications industrielles du froid. Industries utilisatrices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marvillet, Ch. [Ecole Centrale de Lyon, 69 - Ecully (France); Groupement pour la Recherche sur les Echangeurs Thermiques, GRETh (France)

    2001-10-01

    Refrigeration is used in most of the industrial domains: food industry (conservation of the organoleptic properties and sanitary quality of products, control of fermentation, of juice concentration and of the dehydration of products), transformation industries (plastic industry, rubber industry, mechanical industry (fretting, hardening and surface treatment of materials, dehumidification of compressed air), liquefaction and purification of industrial gases and hydrocarbons, processing of wastes (removal of VOCs, purification of liquid effluents etc..), civil engineering (consolidation of soils, cooling of big concrete structures), leisure (skating rink, artificial snow). (J.S.)

  12. Offshore Supply Industry Dynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roslyng Olesen, Thomas

    with companies in the maritime sector. This report “Offshore Supply Industry Dynamics – Business strategies in the offshore supply industry” is the second report in mapping project D. It examines the markets and business strategies of various suppliers and furthermore presents an analysis of the challenges......This report is part of the research project “The competitive challenges and strategic development possibilities for The Blue Denmark”, which was launched in 2014. The project is funded by the Danish Maritime Fund and carried out by researchers at CBS Maritime which is a Business in Society Platform...... at Copenhagen Business School with a focus on value creation in the maritime industries. The project embraces various maritime segments from shipping and offshore to ports and suppliers. The research questions for the individual projects have been formulated by researchers at CBS Maritime in cooperation...

  13. Industrialized Information Systems Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Havn, Erling; Bansler, Jørgen P.

    1996-01-01

    The production of application software is rapidly being industrialized. Computer manufacturers and software houses produce a rapidly growing number of generic software applications and systems, and more and more user companies choose to build their computer-based information systems with such gen......The production of application software is rapidly being industrialized. Computer manufacturers and software houses produce a rapidly growing number of generic software applications and systems, and more and more user companies choose to build their computer-based information systems...... with such generic products, instead of custom made software. We discuss how the move away from traditional in-house development and the increasing use of generic software is likely to transform IS development in the near future. We conclude that these developments will make new demands on the information systems...

  14. Ontario electricity industry restructuring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of Ontario's electricity industry restructuring was described as an effort to enhance Ontario's competitiveness. It is believed that restructuring can be accomplished without an increase in electricity rates. In a series of charts, the report provides the timeline of restructuring from the time of the Macdonald report in 1995 to the beginning of open competition in Ontario electricity markets. It oulines the principles underlying the financial restructuring and the financial results of restructuring, including the size of the stranded debt ($ 7.8 billion). It lists the changes that have occurred since October 1998, explains some key factors in valuing the successor companies and profiles the Ontario Electricity Financial Corporation. Restructuring of the industry is expected to have a neutral to positive impact on Ontario's fiscal position. The residual stranded debt of $7.8 billion will be retired through revenues generated by the electricity sector, without recourse to the Provincial Treasury. 9 figs

  15. Ontario's uranium mining industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report traces the Ontario uranium mining industry from the first discovery of uranium north of Sault Ste. Marie through the uranium boom of the 1950's when Elliot Lake and Bancroft were developed, the cutbacks of the 1960s, the renewed enthusiasm in exploration and development of the 1970s to the current position when continued production for the domestic market is assured. Ontario, with developed mines and operational expertise, will be in a position to compete for export markets as they reopen. The low level of expenditures for uranium exploration and the lack of new discoveries are noted. The report also reviews and places in perspective the development of policies and regulations governing the industry and the jurisdictional relationships of the Federal and Provincial governments

  16. Coal industry annual 1997

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Coal Industry Annual 1997 provides comprehensive information about US coal production, number of mines, prices, productivity, employment, productive capacity, and recoverable reserves. US Coal production for 1997 and previous years is based on the annual survey EIA-7A, Coal Production Report. This report presents data on coal consumption, coal distribution, coal stocks, coal prices, and coal quality for Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. Appendix A contains a compilation of coal statistics for the major coal-producing States. This report includes a national total coal consumption for nonutility power producers that are not in the manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, or commercial sectors. 14 figs., 145 tabs

  17. US cement industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nisbet, M.A.

    1997-12-31

    This paper describes the cement and concrete industry, and provides data on energy use and carbon dioxide emissions. The potential impact of an energy tax on the industry is briefly assessed. Opportunities identified for reducing carbon dioxide emissions include improved energy efficiency, alternative fuels, and alternative materials. The key factor in determining CO{sub 2} emissions is the level of domestic production. The projected improvement in energy efficiency and the relatively slow growth in domestic shipments indicate that CO{sub 2} emissions in 2000 should be about 5% above the 1990 target. However, due to the cyclical nature of cement demand, emissions will probably be above target levels during peak demand and below target levels during demand troughs. 7 figs., 2 tabs.

  18. Coal industry annual 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-01

    Coal Industry Annual 1997 provides comprehensive information about US coal production, number of mines, prices, productivity, employment, productive capacity, and recoverable reserves. US Coal production for 1997 and previous years is based on the annual survey EIA-7A, Coal Production Report. This report presents data on coal consumption, coal distribution, coal stocks, coal prices, and coal quality for Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. Appendix A contains a compilation of coal statistics for the major coal-producing States. This report includes a national total coal consumption for nonutility power producers that are not in the manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, or commercial sectors. 14 figs., 145 tabs.

  19. Coal industry annual 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-12-06

    Coal Industry Annual 1993 replaces the publication Coal Production (DOE/FIA-0125). This report presents additional tables and expanded versions of tables previously presented in Coal Production, including production, number of mines, Productivity, employment, productive capacity, and recoverable reserves. This report also presents data on coal consumption, coal distribution, coal stocks, coal prices, coal quality, and emissions for a wide audience including the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. In addition, Appendix A contains a compilation of coal statistics for the major coal-producing States. This report does not include coal consumption data for nonutility Power Producers who are not in the manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, or commercial sectors. This consumption is estimated to be 5 million short tons in 1993.

  20. [Metalworking industry management evolution].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattucci, Massimo

    2011-01-01

    Analysis of the evolution drivers of the management systems in the metalworking industry, mainly characterized as "automotive", starting with the "mass production" model, followed for the development of Italian industry in the '50. Through the socio-economic changes of the '90/10, the metalworking plants were deeply restructured with the introduction of computers in the production systems, and then with the first global benchmarks such as the "lean production", towards the needed operational flexibility to respond to the market dynamics. Plants change radically, company networks become real, ICT services are fundamental elements for the integration. These trends help visualizing a new "Factory of the Future" for the years 2020/30, where the competition will be based on the socio-economical, technological and environmental factors included in the "Competitive Sustainable Manufacturing" paradigm. PMID:22073665

  1. Segmentation of industrial markets

    OpenAIRE

    Drugă, Petruţa

    2011-01-01

    The business marketing manager performs on a market consisting of many different types of industrial customers with different needs. Only when this aggregate market is split into meaningful categories, the business marketing strategist can react suitably and usefully to the unique needs. After the determination process of the segments has ended, then the marketer must estimate the demand for every segment. Accurate projections of future possible sales represent one of ...

  2. Essays on Industrial Organization

    OpenAIRE

    Sinkinson, Michael

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation consists of three essays in the area of Industrial Organization. The first essay established the theoretical motivations for, and implications of, exclusive contracts, with an application to smartphones. Why would Apple choose to distribute its smartphone through only one carrier, and why would AT&T bid the most for exclusivity? I develop a model which shows that if upstream handset manufacturers face a relatively low price elasticity for their good compared to downstream wir...

  3. Industrial robots in China

    OpenAIRE

    Johansen, Joachim Storm; Tjemsland, Hans Kristian

    2014-01-01

    This thesis investigates the future development of industrial robots in China. It will focus on growth in robot sales toward China and try to identify which companies that are most capable of benefiting from the potential growth. A triangulation approach is applied, where both qualitative and quantitative methods is utilized. SWOT, discrete data and panel data analysis supports our conclusion about a strong growth in China. Porter`s Five Forces and financial analysis have pointed out interest...

  4. The Extractive Industries Sector

    OpenAIRE

    Halland, Havard; Lokanc, Martin; Nair, Arvind; Kannan, Sridar Padmanabhan

    2015-01-01

    The extractive industries (EI) sector occupies an outsize space in the economies of many developing countries. Economists, public finance professionals, and policy makers working in such countries are frequently confronted with issues that require an in-depth understanding of the sector. The objective of this volume is to provide a concise overview of EI-related topics these professionals are likely to encounter. The volume provides an overview of issues central to EI economics; discusses key...

  5. Industrial Glass Bandwidth Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rue, David M. [Gas Technology Inst., Des Plaines, IL (United States); Servaites, James [Gas Technology Inst., Des Plaines, IL (United States); Wolf, Warren [Gas Technology Inst., Des Plaines, IL (United States)

    2007-08-01

    This is a study on energy use and potential savings, or "bandwidth" study, for several glassmaking processes. Intended to provide a realistic estimate of the potential amount of energy that can be saved in an industrial process, the "bandwidth" refers to the difference between the amount of energy that would be consumed in a process using commercially available technology versus the minimum amount of energy needed to achieve those same results.

  6. Glass Industry Bandwidth Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rue, David M. [Gas Technology Inst., Des Plaines, IL (United States)

    2006-07-01

    This is a study on energy use and potential savings, or "bandwidth" study, for several glassmaking processes. Intended to provide a realistic estimate of the potential amount of energy that can be saved in an industrial process, the "bandwidth" refers to the difference between the amount of energy that would be consumed in a process using commercially available technology versus the minimum amount of energy needed to achieve those same results.

  7. Radioisotopes in industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author explains clearly what is radiography, enumerates four major factors in considering a practical source to use namely half-life, penetrating power, half value layer and specific activity and also the advantages and disadvantages in using isotopes. Common radioisotopes used in industrial radiography are iridium, cesium, cobalt and thulium. Main uses of the radioisotopes are for radiographic testing like welding castings, forgoings etc.; thickness, level or density measurement and tracing. (RTD)

  8. RE Industry Recovers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    With the administration of National Land ResourceMinistry toward rare earth ores, RE Office of State Counciltoward rare earth enterprises, and enforcement ofenvironment control measures, new outlook appears inChinese rare earth industry, featured by holistic priceclimbing of rare earth products. Some small and with largepollution enterprises closed down. More big ones stoppedproduction due to short supply of concentrates. But this is agood phenomenon to those large producers. Years' stockpileswere sold out ...

  9. Globalization, crises and industrial policy; Globalizacion, crisis y politica industrial

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vives, X.

    2013-06-01

    In this paper we review the fundamentals of industrial policy and its implementation in the European context. We also analyze the relationship between industrial policy and competition policy. (Author) 6 refs.

  10. ACCELERATING CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohan M. Kumaraswamy

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The needs for construction industry development are initially viewed from the broader perspectives of imperatives for infrastructure development and national development. All these are clearly more critical in developing countries. A non-exhaustive set of potential drivers and common barriers to construction industry development is identified from previous research. These suggest the usefulness of consolidating a cluster of recent proposals and exercises aiming at (a construction organization development in terms of an over-arching management support system model, as well as improved information and knowledge management; and (b project team development in the context of relationally integrated teams and supply chains, joint risk management and ‘technology and knowledge exchange’ in joint ventures, as well as longer term public private partnerships. These apparently disparate research thrusts are threaded together into a pattern that may inspire, if not feed, specific research and development (R & D agendas for construction industry development in different countries according to their own priorities, constraints and stages of infrastructure and national development.

  11. Poultry Industry Energy Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-01-01

    The poultry industry, a multi-billion dollar business in the United States, uses great amounts of energy in such operations as broiler growing, feed manufacturing, poultry processing and packing. Higher costs and limited supply of fuels common to the industry are predicted, so poultry producers are seeking ways to reduce energy expenditure. NASA is providing assistance to Delmarva Poultry Industry, Inc., an association of some 4,000 growers and suppliers in one of the nation's largest poultry production areas. Delmarva is the East Coast peninsula that includes Delaware and parts of Maryland and Virginia. The upper right photo shows a weather station in the Delmarva area (wind indicator on the pole, other instruments in the elevated box). The station is located at the University of Maryland's Broiler Sub-station, Salisbury; Maryland, where the university conducts research on poultry production and processing. The sub-station is investigating ways of conserving energy in broiler production and also exploring the potential of solar collectors as an alternative energy source. For these studies, it is essential that researchers have continuous data on temperature, pressure, wind speed and direction, solar intensity and cloud cover. Equipment to acquire such data was loaned and installed by NASA's Wallops Flight Center, Wallops Island, Virginia.

  12. Distance collaborations with industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peskin, A.; Swyler, K.

    1998-06-01

    The college industry relationship has been identified as a key policy issue in Engineering Education. Collaborations between academic institutions and the industrial sector have a long history and a bright future. For Engineering and Engineering Technology programs in particular, industry has played a crucial role in many areas including advisement, financial support, and practical training of both faculty and students. Among the most important and intimate interactions are collaborative projects and formal cooperative education arrangements. Most recently, such collaborations have taken on a new dimension, as advances in technology have made possible meaningful technical collaboration at a distance. There are several obvious technology areas that have contributed significantly to this trend. Foremost is the ubiquitous presence of the Internet. Perhaps almost as important are advances in computer based imaging. Because visual images offer a compelling user experience, it affords greater knowledge transfer efficiency than other modes of delivery. Furthermore, the quality of the image appears to have a strongly correlated effect on insight. A good visualization facility offers both a means for communication and a shared information space for the subjects, which are among the essential features of both peer collaboration and distance learning.

  13. Radiotracer in industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The use of radiotracers for troubleshooting and to investigate process phenomena in industrial plant equipment has specific advantages over conventional tracers. The main advantages of radiotracers owes to its physico-chemical compatibility, high detection sensitivity, ability of number of radiotracers for different phases, stability in harsh industrial environment and limited memory effects. This chapter covers the methodology which includes the selection of radiotracer, radioisotope generators, estimation of amount of radiotracer, injection systems, detection system and safety procedure. Leak detection, this topic discussed the detection by flowrate measurement, detection of RTD measurement, detection by direct tracer, detection in underground pipes using the static method and dynamic method. The topic namely Radiotracers for flowrate measurement discussed the following subjects: flowrate measurement, transit time methods, dilution methods, standards for flow measurement, multi-phase flow measurement. RTD measurement, this topic covers the basic flow concepts, the mathematical modelling, RTD software, bypassing or channelling, recirculation, trickle bed reactors studies, process diagnosis and analysis. Lastly, the topic cover other application of radiotracers in industry discussed the following subtopics: mixing and blending studies, measurement of volume, ventilation studies, oil field investigation, corrosion and wear studies, validation of CFD models

  14. Icons of Industrial Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominika Lušin

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available An icon of industrial design is a product characterized by its usability and good permanent design and that simultaneously functions as a bearer of a cultural meaning. These meanings do not originate from the product itself, or its aesthetics, shape, or function, but are formed in the context of wider social and cultural processes. Stuart Hall’s “Circuit of Culture” concept is a model for explaining the cultural processes that form a product’s meaning. These processes are representation, identity, production, consumption, and regulation. Design discourses—for example, discourse about the design profession and good design discourse—need to be taken into consideration in order to understand some of the icons of industrial design. A product can have a special meaning merely because it is signed by a famous designer or because it is declared to be an example of good design. This is also a reason why an item can be included in a museum collection. This is a framework to research and to understand icons of industrial design, such as the Thonet chair no. 14, Savoy vase, Vespa, Rex chair, Braun SK 4, Juicy Salif, and design artifacts in general.

  15. European industry outlook

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Europe's offshore oil and gas industry is estimated to spend around Pound 14bn per year out of a world total of some Pound 43bn, showing that despite its maturity the North West European Continental Shelf remains a dominant segment of the world's offshore business. Especially in the U.K. sector, expenditure is booming and 1991 is expected to be a record year. This activity level is likely to continue into 1992, but there are factors which could limit activity later in the 1990s. This volume lists some 225 undeveloped discoveries and fields under development in the U.K. sector, 80 each in Norway and the Netherlands, and 17 in Denmark. New technologies, particularly subsea separation and multiphase flow will be prominent factors in ensuring that the numerous small oilfields within this inventory of discoveries will eventually achieve commercial development. The effects of likely European Community legislation continue to concern many in the industry, with a more open and regulated purchasing regime for major contracts becoming more certain. A major step has been taken towards open access rights, and if this policy is pursued it could open the European gas industry to a new era of free competition, especially if a U.K.-Continental transmission link were to be realised. The long term implications of the increased share of natural gas in the total energy mix to virtually all companies engaged in offshore activities (and many not so engaged) are likely to be fundamental and far-reaching. (author)

  16. State of the industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This panel discussion on the state of the US coal industry presented three points of view. The issue is one of perspective, for the coal miner current conditions are not particularly encouraging given the economic climate, environmental issues, and the ambiguity of the proposed National Energy Strategy. To make matters worse, much of the public views the production and utilization of coal as an environmental risk. It is easy to overlook the fact that the US coal industry is poised for tremendous growth and opportunity. Demand for energy and electricity worldwide is projected to increase significantly and coal is expected to play a major role. New technologies such as clean coal combustion and coal gasification will be required to meet growing human and environmental requirements. The coal industry must educate the public on the capabilities of coal, advance new technologies for deployment and commercial development, demonstrate prudent mining and safety records and develop human talent and skills necessary to advance US coal in the 21st century

  17. Industrial Sociology and growing importance in an industrial system

    OpenAIRE

    Dr Sharmistha Bhattacharjee

    2012-01-01

    Sociology is the study of the relationships which develop between human beings as they organize themselves in an organizational situation and contribute to the whole. Industry may be defined in terms of dexterity and resourcefulness which allows social interactions. This paper attempts to focus on the concepts and processes of Industrial Sociology in present in the industrial system. The paper provides a brief idea about industrial relations, labour management relations and the alternate di...

  18. DOES INDUSTRIAL CONCENTRATION RAISE PRODUCTIVITY IN FOOD INDUSTRIES?

    OpenAIRE

    Gopinath, Munisamy; Pick, Daniel H.; Li, Yonghai

    2002-01-01

    This manuscript investigates the productivity-industrial concentration relationship in U.S. food industries. We identify a critical level of industrial concentration beyond which its relationship with productivity growth becomes negative. The welfare effects of an increase in concentration - productivity growth and deadweight loss- are computed. Welfare loss from increasing concentration is substantially offset by gains from productivity growth.

  19. Evidences on Jumps in Industrialization

    OpenAIRE

    Shapour Mohammadi; Mahmoud Motevasseli

    2006-01-01

    In this paper we show jumps in industrialization path of newly industrialized countries. Wavelet coefficients method is used for detecting jumps. The wavelet result is consistent with graphical examination. The jump is the way of passing the bad structure trap.

  20. Nitrification in Saline Industrial Wastewater

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moussa, M.S.

    2004-01-01

    Biological nitrogen removal is widely and successfully applied for municipal wastewater. However, these experiences are not directly applicable to industrial wastewater, due to its specific composition. High salt levels in many industrial wastewaters affect nitrification negatively and improved unde

  1. Industry Based Survey (IBS) Cod

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The "Gulf of Maine Atlantic Cod Industry-Based Survey" was a collaboration of the Massachusetts Division of Marine Fisheries and the fishing industry, with support...

  2. Forest Products Industry Technology Roadmap

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2010-04-01

    This document describes the forest products industry's research and development priorities. The original technology roadmap published by the industry in 1999 and was most recently updated in April 2010.

  3. Industrial Engineering Education: A Prospective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elsayed, E. A.

    1999-01-01

    Presents an overview of the origin of the industrial engineering discipline and how the subject was taught in the early stages of its development. Describes current changes in the curricula to meet new requirements in industry. (Author/CCM)

  4. COMPETITIVENESS OF POTENTIAL INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION

    OpenAIRE

    САБАДИРЬОВА, А.Л.; Одеський державний економічний університет; САЛАВЕЛІС, Д.Є.; Одеський державний економічний університет

    2011-01-01

     In the article the considered tendencies of forming of competitiveness of potential of enterprises industrial, factors of competitiveness of potential of enterprises at processing industry on the terms of modern market environment.

  5. Industrialization as a Historical Phenomenon

    OpenAIRE

    Grubler, A

    1995-01-01

    Industrialization is shown as a time-specific and spatially heterogeneous process. The description of industrialization paths uses two concepts along a functional/temporal and a spatial dimension: Technology clusters, i.e., a set of interrelated technological, institutional and social innovations, drive particular (historical) periods of industrial output and productivity growth. A spatial taxonomy reflects the different degrees of development and intensiveness of industrialization among core...

  6. Major carbon industries in India

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jain, P.K.

    1982-01-01

    The history of the major carbon industries in India, their growth, present status, problems and future prospects are described. Chapters cover: raw petroleum coke, calcined petroleum coke, graphite electrodes and anodes, carbon electrode paste, calcined anthracite coal, low-ash metallurgical coke, carbon black industry, activated carbon, midget electrodes, cinema arc carbons, carbon blocks and brushes for electrical machinery, and the growth of the aluminium industry and its impact on the calcined petroleum coke industry.

  7. Game theory and industrial organization

    OpenAIRE

    Bagwell, Kyle; Wolinsky, Asher

    2000-01-01

    In this article, we consider how important developments in game theory have contributed to the theory of industrial organization. Our goal is not to survey the theory of industrial organization; rather, we consider the contribution of game theory through a careful discussion of a small number of topics within the industrial organization field. We also identify some points in which developments in the theory of industrial organization have contributed to game theory. The topics that we conside...

  8. Industrial wastes for firing Bricks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZhanXuanye; LuGuansheng; Gaojun

    2005-01-01

    The paper discusses the feasibility on utilizing high-calcium industrial wastes in firing brick. In China, industrial wastes with over 10% calcium oxide is not regarded as raw materials for producing brick, so it is limited to use industrial wastes. The paper gives out the ideas that high-calcium industrial wastes can be used to produce fired brick by good raw material preparation process and proper methods.

  9. Industrial Textiles See Growth Momentum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Xiangli

    2012-01-01

    Industrial textiles (tech-textiles) are specially designed with a specific function, used in the fields of industrial, medical, health, environmental protection, geotechnical and construction, transportation, aerospace, new energy, agriculture, forestry, fisheries and etc. The industrial textiles are so technical that they have found a growing range of applications with large market potential, and where they stand in terms of the development level is an important symbol to measure the comprehensive strength of national textile industry.

  10. The Politics of Industrial Policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Whitfield, Lindsay; Buur, Lars

    2014-01-01

    Economic transformation is driven by successfully implemented industrial policy, but industrial policy is inherently political. We cannot understand why some governments pursue and implement industrial policy better than others without understanding the politics. This article addresses...... the conditions under which industrial policies are successfully implemented. It presents an analytical approach to understanding why some ruling elite-capitalist alliances lead to better economic outcomes than others. Sub-Saharan African countries present a particular puzzle given their low productive...

  11. Industrial Wastewater Management in River Basins Nhue-day and Dongnai Project : Survey data - Inventories of Industries within Industrial Estates

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2010-01-01

    This report provides a complete and comprehensive analysis of industrial wastewater management in industrial estates and craft villages in Vietnam. The analysis was conducted in three separate stages: 1) a detailed inventory of industries and industrial activities responsible for the pollution of the Nhue-Day river basin, including industrial zones, industrial clusters, industrial points, ...

  12. EDITORIAL: Industrial Process Tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Robert M.

    2004-07-01

    Industrial process tomography remains a multidisciplinary field with considerable interest for many varied participants. Indeed this adds greatly to its appeal. It is a pleasure and a privilege to once again act as guest editor for a special feature issue of Measurement Science and Technology on industrial process tomography, the last being in December 2002. Those involved in the subject appreciate the efforts of Measurement Science and Technology in producing another issue and I thank the journal on their behalf. It can be seen that there are considerable differences in the composition of material covered in this issue compared with previous publications. The dominance of electrical impedance and electrical capacitance techniques is reduced and there is increased emphasis on general utility of tomographic methods. This is encompassed in the papers of Hoyle and Jia (visualization) and Dierick et al (Octopus). Electrical capacitance tomography has been a core modality for industrial applications. This issue includes new work in two very interesting aspects of image reconstruction: pattern matching (Takei and Saito) and simulated annealing (Ortiz-Aleman et al). It is important to take advantage of knowledge of the process such as the presence of only two components, and then to have robust reconstruction methods provided by pattern matching and by simulated annealing. Although crude reconstruction methods such as approximation by linear back projection were utilized for initial work on electrical impedance tomography, the techniques published here are much more advanced. The paper by Kim et al includes modelling of a two-component system permitting an adaption-related approach; the paper by Tossavainen et al models free surface boundaries to enable the estimation of shapes of objects within the target. There are clear improvements on the previous crude and blurred reconstructions where boundaries were merely inferred rather than estimated as in these new developments

  13. Industry Valuation Driven Earnings Management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Jiao (Tao); G.M.H. Mertens (Gerard); P.G.J. Roosenboom (Peter)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractThis paper investigates whether industry valuation impacts firms’ earnings management decisions. Existing accounting literature assumes that industry valuation has a constant impact on this decision. We argue that a higher industry valuation increases the perceived benefits of earnings m

  14. Innovation, Industry Evoluation and Employment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.B. Audretsch (David); A.R. Thurik (Roy)

    1999-01-01

    textabstractThe purpose of this paper is to introduce a series of articles on the links between innovation, the evolution of industry and employment. These relations provide the building blocks of a new industrial policy. The articles are included in Innovation, Industry Evolution and Employment pub

  15. China's shipbuilding industry since 1999

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hui Xie

    2004-01-01

    @@ The development of China's shipbuilding industry Since 1999, with the increasing demand of the world ship market and the support of the government to the development of the shipbuilding industry and other favorable factors, China′s shipbuilding industry has made significant progress.

  16. Industry outreach a status report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Surek, D.; Sen, R. [R.K. Sen & Associates, Inc., Bethesda, MD (United States)

    1995-09-01

    The Outreach Project was initiated in October 1994 with the objective of developing a multi-year plan for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) for targeted outreach activities for stakeholders in industry and the general public. This status report summarizes the work on industry outreach that has been completed since the inception of the project in October 1994. A three-pronged approach was taken to ascertain issues related to industry outreach. First, there was a review of on-going and past industry outreach activities at DOE and NHA. Next, a series of meetings with industry decision makers was arranged to get a better understanding of industry interests and concerns, and to discuss how DOE and industry could work collaboratively to develop hydrogen energy systems. Third, a workshop is scheduled where representatives from industry, DOE and other federal agencies can identify issues that would enhance partnering between the federal government and industry in the development of hydrogen energy systems. At this tiny, the review of on-going and past activities has been completed. Industry interviews are in progress and a majority of meetings have been held. Analysis of the information gained is in progress. The preliminary analysis of this information indicates that for appropriate near-term demonstration-type projects, the level of interest for collaboration between DOE and industry is high. The data also identifies issues industry is concerned with which impact the commercialization of hydrogen energy systems.

  17. Cultural Industries in Jiangyin City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Fei

    2011-01-01

    2011 Jiangyin Cultural Industry Development Talkfest held in Beijing on the morning of September 5th,2011. There are 15 projects signed with a total investment of 1.86 billion RMB, involving video production, animation industry, cultural tourism, creative design, modern agriculture, textile industry, etc.

  18. British Industrial Libraries Before 1939

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marshall, Margaret R.

    1972-01-01

    British industrial firm libraries are traced from their beginnings till 1939, by which date they had spread to many branches of industry and had been recognized as an important part of the industrial and library worlds, thus establishing standard patterns of work. The origins and significance of Aslib are discussed. (27 references) (Author/NH)

  19. Industry-Oriented Doctorate Established.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chemical and Engineering News, 1982

    1982-01-01

    Describes an industry-related program at the University of Texas (Arlington) leading to a Doctorate of Science in Applied Chemistry. The program requires an industrial internship and a dissertation based on research involving both the university's chemistry faculty and chemists in industry. (SK)

  20. SNE Industrial Fieldbus Interface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucena, Angel; Raines, Matthew; Oostdyk, Rebecca; Mata, Carlos

    2011-01-01

    Programmable logic controllers (PLCs) have very limited diagnostic and no prognostic capabilities, while current smart sensor designs do not have the capability to communicate over Fieldbus networks. The aim is to interface smart sensors with PLCs so that health and status information, such as failure mode identification and measurement tolerance, can be communicated via an industrial Fieldbus such as ControlNet. The SNE Industrial Fieldbus Interface (SIFI) is an embedded device that acts as a communication module in a networked smart sensor. The purpose is to enable a smart sensor to communicate health and status information to other devices, such as PLCs, via an industrial Fieldbus networking protocol. The SNE (Smart Network Element) is attached to a commercial off-the-shelf Any bus-S interface module through the SIFI. Numerous Anybus-S modules are available, each one designed to interface with a specific Fieldbus. Development of the SIFI focused on communications using the ControlNet protocol, but any of the Anybus-S modules can be used. The SIFI communicates with the Any-bus module via a data buffer and mailbox system on the Anybus module, and supplies power to the module. The Anybus module transmits and receives data on the Fieldbus using the proper protocol. The SIFI is intended to be connected to other existing SNE modules in order to monitor the health and status of a transducer. The SIFI can also monitor aspects of its own health using an onboard watchdog timer and voltage monitors. The SIFI also has the hardware to drive a touchscreen LCD (liquid crystal display) unit for manual configuration and status monitoring.

  1. Analysis of Hongdao Clam Industrial Structure Based on Industry Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jiang; Xianqiong

    2014-01-01

    The vertical and transverse structures of Hongdao clam industry are described and analyzed objectively based on the perspective of industry chain. On the basis of field investigation,the key nodes of Hongdao clam industry chain,including nursery,breeding,processing,transportation and sale,are analyzed. It can be concluded that the development of clam industry chain is unbalanced,especially the deep-processing capacity is not strong,and the development of supporting industy lags behind. The horizontal industry chain of clam needs to be further improved. The corresponding suggestions are put forward: strengthening research on new nursery technology in later period,further extending the horizontal industry chain of clam,mining the depth of clam-related leisure industry,and upgrading service level of leisure travel.

  2. Globalisation, Crisis and Industrial Relations in the Indian Auto Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    D'Costa, Anthony

    2011-01-01

    of the global industry is reeling under the financial crisis, India's industry has been expanding. However, the power of workers has been declining in conflict-ridden states just as globalisation and deregulation have hastened capital flight to more pro-business regions. The paper draws some policy implications......This paper examines how the pattern of investment in the Indian auto industry has changed. The author argues that the industrial relations climate has been an important determinant of that pattern. Industrial relations climate is politically and institutionally determined hence any shift...... in the broader capital-labour relation in the wider global economy due to globalisation is argued to be tempered by India's particular national and local institutions governing industrial relations, unionisation, the specific trajectory of the Indian auto industry, and economic development strategies. When much...

  3. The malt whisky industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1989-11-01

    A postal survey was undertaken during 1987 to collect energy consumption data from the malt whisky industry in the United Kingdom. The results from the study are presented in this Energy Consumption Guide, and compared with the results from a similar study carried out in 1984. Replies were received from 71% of the active malt whisky distilleries; this represents 83% of production at the time. The specific energy consumption data reported varies between 22 MJ/lpa and 64 MJ/lpa, with an average of 36.6 MJ/lpa. This average shows a 15% reduction from the 1984 value of 43 MJ/lpa. (author).

  4. Control de pesaje industrial

    OpenAIRE

    Lerga Olcoz, Josué

    2014-01-01

    Este proyecto tiene como finalidad la automatización de un proceso industrial para supervisar y hacer un seguimiento en la calidad de unas piezas. Hoy en día todas las fábricas dependen de la calidad final de su producto para poder seguir en el mercado. Es por ello que hay que estar constantemente invirtiendo en tecnología que realice los controles de calidad pertinente. Todo esto al menor costo posible porque si no, aunque la calidad mejore, si los costos se disparan ya no ...

  5. Uranium industry annual 1985

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report consists of two major sections. The first addresses uranium raw materials activities and covers the following topics: exploration activities and expenditures, resources and reserves, mine production of uranium, production of uranium concentrate, and industry employment. The second major section is concerned with the following uranium marketing activities: uranium purchase commitments, uranium prices, procurement arrangements, uranium imports and exports, enrichment services, inventories, secondary market activities, utility market requirements, and related topics. A glossary and appendices are included to assist the reader in interpreting the substantial array of statistical data in this report and to provide background information about the survey

  6. Propiedad industrial y competencia

    OpenAIRE

    Ezkai Alfaro, Arkaitz

    2014-01-01

    En un mundo de economía globalizada y cada vez más tecnológico, en el que la competencia es más exigente, se hace indispensable proteger las marcas, los diseños y las invenciones de los nuevos productos y servicios. Para ello existen varios mecanismos. La Propiedad Industrial nació con el fin de proteger estos derechos ante la Competencia. Por un lado, la idea era buscar la exclusividad de explotación de ese servicio o producto y, por otro (quizás la más importante), evitar que otra persona f...

  7. Industrial relationship marketing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schellinck, T.; Marriott, H. [Focal Research Consultants Ltd., Halifax, NS (Canada)

    1995-11-01

    A survey was conducted to establish a process for analyzing electrical utility/industrial customer relations. The information was used to help the utility companies in decision making and customer-oriented action. Data was collected by mail with two surveys. One hundred and thirteen companies were used in the development and analysis of key customer indicators. Factors which influence the relationship measures of customer satisfaction and customer commitment were identified. The report can be used as a basis on which utilities can build customer information for decision making in the development of marketing strategy. tabs., figs.

  8. Meeting around industrial sites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Following the research work on the ' stakes in the social dialogue around the follow-up of the nuclear industrial installations ' engaged by the I.R.S.N. in 2000, a seminar was organized on January 21. and 22., 2003 in Ville d Avray. This seminar gathered personalities of different origins (administration, institutional experts, operators, associations, Local Commissions of Information, elected representatives) to discuss and enrich the conclusions of the research work and elaborate collectively a contribution to the current remarks in France on the public debate and the processes of dialogue. The present report establishes the acts of this seminar and redraws all the discussions between the participants. (N.C.)

  9. Nuclear Industry in China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper presents an overview of the present situation and future plans for the development of nuclear power in China. In particular it looks at the present electricity generation system, future demand and plans for nuclear power plants to meet the increasing demands for electrical power in the country. It summarizes the state of uranium exploration activities and planned production of uranium resources, both nationally and internationally. In addition, it provides a brief overview of the existing administrative situation in the nuclear power industry in China and sets out the main challenges to future development. (author)

  10. The Mexican oil industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the environment of growing domestic demand and enhanced international competitiveness, Petroleos Mexicanos (PEMEX)-the Mexican national oil company-faces the challenge of not only responding adequately to the rapid changes taking place in the Mexican economy, but making a significant contribution towards solid and stable growth. This paper reports that the relevant concern is how PEMEX is going to live up to these expectations. The Mexican oil industry, especially including the petrochemical sector, has great potential in terms of an ample domestic market as well as external foreign-currency-generating markets

  11. Finding industrial space

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Riesto, Svava

    2011-01-01

    Spaces marked by industrial rationalities are easily overseen or rejected without further consideration during urban redevelopment processes. This is striking in an era where urban space is often seen as a cornerstone for the future city. This article investigates different concepts of open space...... that have been operative in the redevelopment of the so-called Carlsberg Square in Copenhagen between 2006-2009. It concludes with general remarcs on dealing with the complex matter open space in the practices of design and heritage management in urban redevelopment processes....

  12. Canadian photovoltaic industry directory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This directory has been prepared to help potential photovoltaic (PV) customers identify Canadian-based companies who can meet their needs, and to help product manufacturers and distributors identify potential new clients and/or partners within the PV industry for new and improved technologies. To assist the reader, an information matrix is provided that identifies the product and service types offered by each firm and its primary clients served. A list of companies by province or territory is also included. The main section lists companies in alphabetical order. Information presented for each includes address, contact person, prime activity, geographic area served, languages in which services are offered, and a brief company profile

  13. Offshore Supply Industry Dynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roslyng Olesen, Thomas

    and direct investments. At the center of both value chains are the energy companies. The energy companies have a number of suppliers and sub suppliers which provide a range of equipment and services to the offshore operations. The supply industry is characterized by horizontal cooperation (between suppliers...... the physical location is examined and the installation is planned. (3) An installation phase where the equipment is produced and transported to the site where it is installed. (4) An operation phase where the energy is produced or the energy source is extracted and (5) a decommissioning phase where the field...

  14. Training techniques for industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The advantages and disadvantages of commonly used training techniques in relation to cost-effective, prevention-oriented Quality Assurance are examined. Important questions are whether training techniques teach cost effectiveness and whether the techniques are, themselves, cost effective. To answer these questions, criteria for evaluating teaching techniques for cost effectiveness were developd, and then commonly used techniques are evaluated in terms of specific training program objectives. Motivation of personnel is also considered important to the success of a training program, and methods are outlined by which recognition of the academic quality of industrial training can be used as a motivational technique

  15. Organizational Culture and Industrialization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kragh, Simon Ulrik

    Drawing on a revised version ofHofstede's theory ofindustrialization and cultural change contained in his explanation of individualism and collectivism, the paper proposes that countries which are in the earlier stages of industrialization have a common culture that governs organizational...... behaviours. In-group/out-group particularist values that have been handed over from preindustrial society tend to overlay and replace impersonal and universalistic bureaucracies and market exchange typical ofindustrial society. The paper shows how these values shape the culture of organizations in Latin...

  16. Coal industry annual 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-11-01

    This report presents data on coal consumption, coal distribution, coal stocks, coal prices, and coal quality, and emissions for Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. Appendix A contains a compilation of coal statistics for the major coal-producing States.This report does not include coal consumption data for nonutility power producers that are not in the manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, or commercial sectors. Consumption for nonutility power producers not included in this report is estimated to be 24 million short tons for 1996. 14 figs., 145 tabs.

  17. Coal Industry Annual 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-10-01

    This report presents data on coal consumption, coal distribution, coal stocks, coal prices, coal quality, and emissions for Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. Appendix A contains a compilation of coal statistics for the major coal-producing States. This report does not include coal consumption data for nonutility power producers that are not in the manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, or commercial sectors. Consumption for nonutility power producers not included in this report is estimated to be 21 million short tons for 1995.

  18. Topics in Industrial Organization

    OpenAIRE

    Alvim, Nuno

    2012-01-01

    Descripció del recurs: 23 gener 2013 A la primera pantalla: International Doctorate in Economic Analysis (IDEA) La Organización Industrial trata sobre la interacción estratégica entre empresas. ¿Cómo toman las decisiones las empresas cuando tienen en cuenta la reacción del resto de empresas? El objetivo es comprender mejor la decisión de las empresas y las consecuencias de éstas en la competencia del mercado. En el capítulo 2, investigo la interacción estratégica entre cooperación en in...

  19. Oil industry decision making

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports that the oil and gas business is undergoing a significant restructuring. In order to maintain control of our own destiny and succeed in an increasingly competitive business environment, the industry must set goals which are consistent with its continued success and focus on those goals in every aspect of its strategic management. By applying an approach to decision making which focuses on the achievement of the key goals required for success at every decision point and systematic follow-up, a firm can greatly increase its ability to succeed in the business environment of the future

  20. An Industry without Industrialization: the Political Economy of The Failure of Indonesia's Auto Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Tai, Wan-Ping

    2014-01-01

    The development of auto industry needs a series of related policies and conditions, including market, technology, management, basic infrastructure, etc. Several Southeast Asian countries are hoping to develop their auto industries in order to lead the development of other industries in their countries. Having the largest auto market in Southeast Asia, Indonesia is supposed to have more favorable conditions than Thailand and Malaysia on the development of auto industry. Unlike Malaysia's auto ...

  1. Industrial applications of computed tomography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    De Chiffre, Leonardo; Carmignato, S.; Kruth, J. -P.;

    2014-01-01

    The number of industrial applications of Computed Tomography(CT) is large and rapidly increasing. After a brief market overview, the paper gives a survey of state of the art and upcoming CT technologies, covering types of CT systems, scanning capabilities, and technological advances. The paper...... contains a survey of application examples from the manufacturing industry as well as from other industries, e.g., electrical and electronic devices, inhomogeneous materials, and from the food industry. Challenges as well as major national and international coordinated activities in the field of industrial...

  2. Competing For industry Resources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Presentation given by The Minister of Petroleum, Angola. In recent years, the Angolan petroleum industry has achieved significant results by creating attractive investment conditions, which motivated the multinational companies, encouraged competition between them and enhanced activity. Angolan policy is based on the principle of reciprocity of interests and mutual benefits for both parties. Angolan production sharing agreements, which have been used since 1980, are designed to give investors a 15% to 30% return on investment, depending on reservoir size, and to allow investment recovery in 4 to 5 years. For shallow water contracts, profit oil sharing is fixed and based on cumulative production. For deep water, profit oil is shared based on the internal rate of return. If field profitability proves less than expected, the economic parameters are changed or other alternatives are offered. Contracts guarantee that benefits will not be below expectations due to changes in legal matters. The Angolan Petroleum Law has been in force since 1978. The Angolan Government has made a point of winning the confidence of the oil companies by being co-operative. Foreign personnel have to be hired since the industry is developing too rapidly for the training of Angolans to keep track. Progress in geophysical techniques has substantially reduced the risk in exploration and advanced drilling techniques have made it possible to drill to 2000 m, where mammoth reservoirs have been discovered

  3. 2013 mask industry survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malloy, Matt

    2013-09-01

    A comprehensive survey was sent to merchant and captive mask shops to gather information about the mask industry as an objective assessment of its overall condition. 2013 marks the 12th consecutive year for this process. Historical topics including general mask profile, mask processing, data and write time, yield and yield loss, delivery times, maintenance, and returns were included and new topics were added. Within each category are multiple questions that result in a detailed profile of both the business and technical status of the mask industry. While each year's survey includes minor updates based on feedback from past years and the need to collect additional data on key topics, the bulk of the survey and reporting structure have remained relatively constant. A series of improvements is being phased in beginning in 2013 to add value to a wider audience, while at the same time retaining the historical content required for trend analyses of the traditional metrics. Additions in 2013 include topics such as top challenges, future concerns, and additional details in key aspects of mask masking, such as the number of masks per mask set per ground rule, minimum mask resolution shipped, and yield by ground rule. These expansions beyond the historical topics are aimed at identifying common issues, gaps, and needs. They will also provide a better understanding of real-life mask requirements and capabilities for comparison to the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS).

  4. Captains of industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The pivotal role of well-site supervisor in the successful drilling of an oil or gas well is described. In general, the well-site supervisor is the ultimate authority on the job-site; although often a contract employee, he represents the exploration and production companies, in contrast to the rig manger, commonly known as the tool push, who supervises the drilling staff. Well-site supervisors generally live at the drilling location, working for two-to-three week stretches with a week off to recuperate. They supervise anywhere from six to thirty-five people, depending on the activities conducted at the site ant any given time. They tend to be veterans of the industry, with vast experience on virtually all rungs of the oilfield employment ladder, well versed in all relevant machinery, people, the natural environment and the behaviour of underground geological forces. They have to be computer-literate; people skills also invariably rank high among the list of qualifications. Although the job is not taught in schools, well-site supervisors are certified in multiple skills, including well control, well service blow-out prevention, first aid, CPR, transportation of dangerous goods, workplace hazardous materials information systems, hydrogen sulfide rescue, surface casing minimum requirements, energy application and schedules development, and well abandonment. Major oil companies have their own well-site supervisors, but the industry-wide trend is outsourcing for expert help through engineering firms

  5. The mobile rig industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study is part of the project ''A competitive Norway'', based on the theories and methods presented in the book ''The competitive advantage of nations'', by Michael E. Porter. The rig market may be segmented according to the type of service, the geographical market and the type of equipment. The focus of the report is exploration and appraisal drilling using jackup rigs and semi-submersible rigs in the Northwestern European market. Market shares of Norwegian, other European and US suppliers in the jackup and semi-submerisible market segments on the Norwegian continental shelf and the entire Northwestern market are presented. The main driving force behind the rig demand is the price of oil, but technological trends and changes in relative importance of the various geographical markets are also important. The industry is fairly fragmented on the supplier side, while the oil companies as customers have substantial bargaining power. There are high exit barriers because of the high capital intensity of the business. Combined with a highly volatile demand, this forces the industry through cycles of low capacity utilization and depressed rig day rates. 8 refs., 19 figs., 2 tabs

  6. Nuclear industry will soon surface

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Japan Atomic Industrial Forum has carried out the annual survey of nuclear industry from the very inception of the development of nuclear power in Japan. The aim is to research and analyze nuclear-related expenditures, sales and manpower, as well as the future prospect of mining and manufacturing industries, electric utilities, trading companies and other related industries. The 19th fact-finding survey investigated into the actual conditions of the nuclear industry from April, 1977, to March, 1978. The number of companies surveyed increased by 75 from the previous year to 1,244, of which 883 or 71% responded to the questions. 501 companies did the business in the field of nuclear power. The first thing to be pointed out about the economic conditions of the nuclear industry is that the nuclear related expenditures increased in electric utilities, mining and manufacturing industries and trading companies, and exceeded 1 trillion yen mark for the first time in the private sector. It is likely that the current nuclear-related activities of mining and manufacturing industries will soon increase, but it will not be easy to wipe off the cumulative deficit of the industries. The employees increased by more than 7% in the nuclear-related sectors of electric utilities and mining and manufacturing industries. The facilities of nuclear supply industry were operated at the average rate of 50%. (Kako, I.)

  7. Network structure of inter-industry flows

    CERN Document Server

    McNerney, James; Silverberg, Gerald

    2012-01-01

    We study the structure of inter-industry relationships using networks of money flows between industries in 20 national economies. We find these networks vary around a typical structure characterized by a Weibull link weight distribution, exponential industry size distribution, and a common community structure. The community structure is hierarchical, with the top level of the hierarchy comprising five industry communities: food industries, chemical industries, manufacturing industries, service industries, and extraction industries.

  8. The future of industrial statistics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.C. Montgomery

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The field of industrial statistics traces its origins from the early part of the previous century. The last 20 years have seen significant advances in both applications of the tools of industrial statistics and in the development of new methodology. The use of statistics in industry, including applications in new product design and development, optimization, and control of manufacturing processes, and in service industries continues to expand at a rapid rate. Consequently, the field of industrial statistics has emerged as an important branch of modern statistical science. These growing applications of statistics in industry have created opportunities and needs for methodological research, and many new challenges have arisen. This paper identifies some areas in which statisticians may contribute to the methodology of industrial statistics and discusses some of the educational and implementation challenges that we confront today.

  9. Factors Behind Industrial Profit Growth

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑玉歆; 李玉红

    2008-01-01

    This paper analyzes Chinese enterprise industrial profit distribution and profitability rise between 1998 and 2005. Looking at it from the perspective of drivers of total growth, this paper will provide an in-depth analysis of the origins and industry-level factors involved in this growth. It reaches the conclusion that structural change in profits was the main driving force for profit increases, to which heavy industry contributed greatly. Light and machine building industry profit rates improved due to increases in productivity levels, while energy and raw material industry profits increased due to increases in product prices. In addition, average wages grew slower than GDP, and wages among industries varied widely. In general however, this paper sets out to determine which enterprises gained from increases in industrial profitability, and how this gain came about.

  10. Low energy for industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blyth, A.

    1994-09-08

    The low-energy, environmentally friendly, design features for a building consisting of workshops for light industry in a mixture of sizes are described. It is to be constructed in the waterfront area of the London borough of Greenwich. The building will have a timberboard outer skin over insulations and a blockwork inner skin. Block piers will support glulam beams and an insulated flat timber roof. Overhangs to shade the windows, controlled natural ventilation, and exposed thermal mass will minimize summer temperatures. The windows will be south facing to maximize solar gains in the winter. Winter heat loss will be kept to a minimum by the use of internal shutters, high thermal insulation and lobbies for people access. Even daylighting through skylights shaded by overhanging roofs will reduce the need for artificial light. (3 figures). (UK)

  11. Competing for Industrial Resources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this presentation, the Executive Vice President of Statoil gives his thoughts on (1) the changing world economy, (2) the need to focus on long term developments, (3) the energy industry in the centre of global change, (4) the changing company, and (5) corporate values and the new communication era. On average, economic growth has been significantly stronger in developing economies than in high-income countries, although progress cannot be observed everywhere. The financial turmoil in ASIA, the tragic events in Sudan and the conflicts in the Balkans are reminders that there is still a long way to go before the world economy is on a path of peaceful, sustainable growth. The international energy scene is characterized by increased competition on two fronts: companies and host countries. Thus the world upstream market is behaving more and more like a genuine market where the forces of supply and demand play an increasing role. 5 refs

  12. China's petrochemical industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is clear from the trade press that American, European, and Japanese chemical companies are making major capital investment commitments in China. They are also developing strategies to participate in the country's growth. Many people wonder how long the window of opportunity will remain open. Some questions one may ask include: What are the driving forces for such intense activity? What role is the Chinese government playing in implementing growth plans? What are the classes of chemical products receiving priority attention? To what degree is China integrating upstream into energy and basic feedstocks? What are the long-term implications for Asia and the rest of the world with respect to foreign trade? To answer these and other questions, Martech, Inc., a subsidiary of Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation, recently completed a comprehensive report on China's petrochemical industry. This article is adapted from the executive summary of that report

  13. Essays in Industrial Organization

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Xingyi

    2014-01-01

    Dans ma thèse, j'étudie trois questions importantes dans l'économie industrielle. Chapitre 1 étudie l'impact de l'intégration verticale sur l'innovation dans une industrie où les entreprises doivent entreprendre des R&D investissements risqués à des étapes de production et de distribution. L'intégration verticale permet une meilleure coordination au sein de l'entreprise intégrée, qui renforce son incitation à l'investissement aux niveaux amont et en aval. Cependant, ce n'est que bénéfique que...

  14. Industrial Color Physics

    CERN Document Server

    Klein, Georg A

    2010-01-01

    This unique book starts with a short historical overview of the development of the theories of color vision and applications of industrial color physics. The three dominant factors producing color - light source, color sample, and observer - are described in detail. The standardized color spaces are shown and related color values are applied to characteristic color qualities of absorption as well as of effect colorants. The fundamentals of spectrometric and colorimetric measuring techniques together with specific applications are described. Theoretical models for radiative transfer in transparent, translucent, and opaque layers are detailed; the two, three, and multi-flux approximations are presented for the first time in a coherent formalism. These methods constitute the fundamentals not only for the important classical methods, but also modern methods of recipe prediction applicable to all known colorants. The text is supplied with 52 tables, more than 200 partially colored illustrations, an appendix, and a...

  15. Competing for Industrial Resources

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vold, Johan Nic

    1998-12-31

    In this presentation, the Executive Vice President of Statoil gives his thoughts on (1) the changing world economy, (2) the need to focus on long term developments, (3) the energy industry in the centre of global change, (4) the changing company, and (5) corporate values and the new communication era. On average, economic growth has been significantly stronger in developing economies than in high-income countries, although progress cannot be observed everywhere. The financial turmoil in ASIA, the tragic events in Sudan and the conflicts in the Balkans are reminders that there is still a long way to go before the world economy is on a path of peaceful, sustainable growth. The international energy scene is characterized by increased competition on two fronts: companies and host countries. Thus the world upstream market is behaving more and more like a genuine market where the forces of supply and demand play an increasing role. 5 refs.

  16. ALICE honours industries

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    The third annual ALICE Awards ceremony recognizes three companies for their contribution to the experiment's detector. The ALICE Awards winners pictured with CERN Secretary-General, Maximilian Metzger, during the ceremony. Three industries were honoured at the ALICE Awards ceremony on 17 March for their exceptional work on the collaboration's detector. Representatives from the companies accepted their awards at the ceremony, which was also attended by CERN Secretary-General Maximilian Metzger and members of the ALICE Collaboration Board. VTT Microelectronics of Finland received an award for the production of the thin bump bonded ladders (detector arrays, each consisting of 40 960 active cells) for the silicon pixel detector (SPD) in the inner tracking system. A number of technical hurdles had to be overcome: complex and expensive equipment was procured or upgraded, and processes underwent a detailed study and careful tuning. The ladders have a high and stable yield and the production will soon be completed...

  17. Industrial scale gene synthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Notka, Frank; Liss, Michael; Wagner, Ralf

    2011-01-01

    The most recent developments in the area of deep DNA sequencing and downstream quantitative and functional analysis are rapidly adding a new dimension to understanding biochemical pathways and metabolic interdependencies. These increasing insights pave the way to designing new strategies that address public needs, including environmental applications and therapeutic inventions, or novel cell factories for sustainable and reconcilable energy or chemicals sources. Adding yet another level is building upon nonnaturally occurring networks and pathways. Recent developments in synthetic biology have created economic and reliable options for designing and synthesizing genes, operons, and eventually complete genomes. Meanwhile, high-throughput design and synthesis of extremely comprehensive DNA sequences have evolved into an enabling technology already indispensable in various life science sectors today. Here, we describe the industrial perspective of modern gene synthesis and its relationship with synthetic biology. Gene synthesis contributed significantly to the emergence of synthetic biology by not only providing the genetic material in high quality and quantity but also enabling its assembly, according to engineering design principles, in a standardized format. Synthetic biology on the other hand, added the need for assembling complex circuits and large complexes, thus fostering the development of appropriate methods and expanding the scope of applications. Synthetic biology has also stimulated interdisciplinary collaboration as well as integration of the broader public by addressing socioeconomic, philosophical, ethical, political, and legal opportunities and concerns. The demand-driven technological achievements of gene synthesis and the implemented processes are exemplified by an industrial setting of large-scale gene synthesis, describing production from order to delivery.

  18. Innovation in “low-tech” industries: Portuguese footwear industry

    OpenAIRE

    Marques, António Manuel Dinis Ribeiro; Guedes, Maria da Graça

    2015-01-01

    The Portuguese footwear industry had in the last five years a remarkable performance in the exportation values, the trade balance and others economic indicators. After a long period of difficulties and with a strong reduction of companies and employees since 1994 until 2009, the Portuguese footwear industry changed the strategy and is now a success case between the international players of footwear. Only the Italian industry sells footwear with a higher value than the Por...

  19. Industrial district effects and innovation in the Tuscan shipbuilding industry

    OpenAIRE

    Lazzeretti, Luciana; Capone, Francesco

    2009-01-01

    The aim of the present work is to investigate innovative processes within a geographical cluster, and thus contribute to the debate on the effects of industrial clusters on innovation capacity. In particular, we would like to ascertain whether the advantages of industrial districts in promoting innovation, as already revealed by literature (diffusion of knowledge, social capital and trust, efficient networking), are also keys to success in the Tuscan shipbuilding industry of pleasure and spor...

  20. An industry endorsed strategic plan for the Australian venison industry

    OpenAIRE

    Cox, Rodney J.; Watson, Geoff K.; McRae, Timothy B.; Cunial, Catharine M.

    2006-01-01

    The process of developing and successfully achieving endorsement of a strategic plan formulated for the Australian Venison Industry is presented in this paper, the first in a series of four papers on this theme. The endorsed strategic plan recommends that the industry should establish market focussed alliances with the aim of delivering a specified product to an identified target market. It also proposes generic industry policies and initiatives and suggests a stronger commercial focus for th...

  1. Radiation in industrial processes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The uses of ionizing radiation can be divided into two broad categories. First, it can be used as a tool of investigation, measurement and testing, and secondly, it can be a direct agent in inducing chemical processes. For example, radiation can help in the detecting and locating of malignant tumours, and it can be employed also for the destruction of those tumours. Again, it can reveal intricate processes of plant growth and, at the same time, can initiate certain processes which result in the growth of new varieties of plants. Similarly in industry, radiation is both a tool of detection, testing and measurement and an active agent for the initiation of useful chemical reactions. The initiation of chemical reactions usually requires larger and more powerful sources of radiation. Such radiation can be provided by substances like cobalt 60 and caesium 137 or by machines which accelerate nuclear particles to very high energies. Of the particle-accelerating machines, the most useful in this field are those which accelerate electrons to energies considerably higher than those possessed by the electrons (beta particles) emitted by radioactive substances. These high-energy radiations produce interesting reactions both in organic life and in materials for industry. Several of the papers presented at the Warsaw conference were devoted to the application of ionizing radiation to polymerization and other useful reactions in the manufacture and treatment of plastics. The polymerization of the ethylene series of hydro-carbons was discussed from various angles and the technical characteristics and requirements were described. It was pointed out by some experts that the cross-linking effect of radiation resulted in a superior product, opening the way to new applications of polyethylene. Irradiated polyethylene film has been sold for several years, and electrical wire has been made with irradiated polyethylene as the insulating jacket. Other reactions discussed included the cross

  2. Assessment of industrial liquid waste management in Omdurman Industrial Area

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study was conducted mainly to investigate the effects of industrial liquid waste on the environment in the Omdurman area. Various types of industries are found around Omdurman. According to the ISC the major industries are divided into eight major sub-sectors, each sub-sector is divided into types of industries. Special consideration was given to the liquid waste because of its effects. In addition to the available data, personal observation supported by photographs, laboratory analyses were carried on the industrial effluents. The investigated parameters in the analysis were, BOD, COD, O and G, Cr, TDS, TSS, pH, temp and conductivity. Interviews were conducted with waste handling workers in the industries, in order to assess the effects of industrial pollution. The results obtained showed that pollutants produced by all the factories were found to exceed the accepted levels of the industrial pollution control. The effluents disposed of in the sites allotted by municipal authorities have adverse effects on the surrounding environment and public health and amenities. Accordingly the study recommends that the waste water must be pretreated before being disposed of in site allotted by municipal authorities. Develop an appropriate system for industrial waste proper management. The study established the need to construct a sewage system in the area in order to minimize the pollutants from effluents. (Author)

  3. Determinant factors of industrial symbiosis: greening Pasir Gudang industrial park

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teh, B. T.; Ho, C. S.; Matsuoka, Y.; Chau, L. W.; Gomi, K.

    2014-02-01

    Green industry has been identified as an important element in attaining greater sustainability. It calls for harmonizing robust economic growth with environment protection. Industries, particularly in developing and transitional nations such as Malaysia, are in need of a reform. Many experts and international organizations suggest the concept of industrial symbiosis. Mainly, there are successful cases of industrial symbiosis practices around the world. However, there are numerous cases of failure too. As industrial symbiosis is an emerging new approach, with a short history of two decades, a lot of researches are generally focused on narrow context and technical details. There is a lack of concerted efforts to look into the drivers and barriers of industrial symbiosis across different cases. This paper aims to examine the factors influencing the development of industrial symbiosis from various countries to supports such networks to evolve in Pasir Gudang. The findings show institution, law and regulation, finance, awareness and capacity building, technology, research and development, information, collaboration, market, geography proximity, environmental issues and industry structure affect the formation of industrial symbiosis.

  4. INDUSTRIAL CLUSTER EFFECT STIMULATES THE SCALE ECONOMY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    Problems of China Building & Sanitary Ceramics industrial clusters,Current status and development of building ceramics industry at home and abroad,The formation and development of Jiajiang's building ceramics industrial clusters,Resource is momentum for industrial clusters' development

  5. Recent Developments in Empirical Industrial Organization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, Robert H.

    1994-01-01

    Presents an bibliographic essay of recent empirical research in industrial organization. Examines topics such as the econometrics of markets with imperfect competition, technology and industry structure, industry evolution, and industry studies of regulation. (CFR)

  6. Integration von Industrie- und Innovationspolitik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wydra, Sven; Leimbach, Timo

    2015-01-01

    After the relatively successful recovery of countries with a strong industry share from the euro / financial crisis (e.g. Germany), a number of advanced nations like the US or UK, but also the European Union, launched programs to strengthen the share of industry in their economy. They address...... primarily highly innovative industrial and technological areas. In this article, we analyze the role of innovation and technology policy and its instruments in concepts of modern industrial policy and present current insights about its successful integra-tion. The systemic innovation policy contributes...... substantially to the conception of a modern industrial policy. This is reflected by a modification of the role of policy, the provision of key design principles for public policy and the higher diversification of policy tools. Past examples of biotechnology in the US and the software industry illustrate...

  7. Energy Management Programmes for Industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-09-05

    The IEA Policy Pathway publications provide details on how to implement specific recommendations drawn from the IEA 25 Energy Efficiency Policy Recommendations. This Policy Pathway, jointly produced by the International Energy Agency and the Institute for Industrial Productivity, develops the critical steps for policy makers implementing energy management programmes for industry. Optimising energy use in industry is essential to improve industrial competitiveness and achieve wider societal goals such as energy security, economic recovery and development, climate change mitigation and environmental protection. While there is significant potential to decrease energy consumption in this sector, opportunities to improve energy efficiency are still under-exploited. Energy management programmes have shown to be instrumental in addressing many of the barriers that inhibit wide-scale uptake of energy management in industry. The Policy Pathway builds on lessons learned from country experiences and provides actionable guidance on how to plan and design, implement, evaluate and monitor energy management programmes for industry.

  8. Financial risk of the biotech industry versus the pharmaceutical industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golec, Joseph; Vernon, John A

    2009-01-01

    The biotech industry now accounts for a substantial and growing proportion of total R&D spending on new medicines. However, compared with the pharmaceutical industry, the biotech industry is financially fragile. This article illustrates the financial fragility of the biotech and pharmaceutical industries in the US and the implications of this fragility for the effects that government regulation could have on biotech firms. Graphical analysis and statistical tests were used to show how the biotech industry differs from the pharmaceutical industry. The two industries' characteristics were measured and compared, along with various measures of firms' financial risk and sensitivity to government regulation. Data from firms' financial statements provided accounting-based measures and firms' stock returns applied to a multifactor asset pricing model provided financial market measures. The biotech industry was by far the most research-intensive industry in the US, averaging 38% R&D intensity (ratio of R&D spending to total firm assets) over the past 25 years, compared with an average of 25% for the pharmaceutical industry and 3% for all other industries. Biotech firms exhibited lower and more volatile profits and higher market-related and size-related risk, and they suffered more negative stock returns in response to threatened government price regulation. Biotech firms' financial risks increase their costs of capital and make them more sensitive to government regulations that affect their financial prospects. As biotech products grow to represent a larger share of new medicines, general stock market conditions and government regulations could have a greater impact on the level of innovation of new medicines.

  9. "Industrialization and the Fertility Decline"

    OpenAIRE

    Raphael Franck; Oded Galor

    2015-01-01

    The research provides the first empirical examination of the hypothesized effect of industrialization on the fertility decline. Exploiting exogenous source of regional variations in the adoption of steam engines across France, the study establishes that industrialization was a major catalyst in the fertility decline in the course of the demographic transition. Moreover, the analysis further suggests that the contribution of industrialization to the decline in fertility plausibly operated thro...

  10. Industrial hazard and safety handbook

    CERN Document Server

    King, Ralph W

    1979-01-01

    Industrial Hazard and Safety Handbook (Revised Impression) describes and exposes the main hazards found in industry, with emphasis on how these hazards arise, are ignored, are identified, are eliminated, or are controlled. These hazard conditions can be due to human stresses (for example, insomnia), unsatisfactory working environments, as well as secret industrial processes. The book reviews the cost of accidents, human factors, inspections, insurance, legal aspects, planning for major emergencies, organization, and safety measures. The text discusses regulations, codes of practice, site layou

  11. Digital Games as Cultural Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Kerr, Aphra

    2006-01-01

    This is the third chapter of my book 'The business and culture of digital games. Gamework/Gameplay'. The chapter begins by situating digital games both conceptually and statistically within the wider economic and media environment. It considers how digital games might fit into what is commonly known within media studies as the cultural industries and analyses the growing economic significance of the global games industry as compared with other cultural industries in major markets. It then...

  12. Industrial recovery capability. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report provides an evaluation of the vulnerability - to a nuclear strike, terrorist attack, or natural disaster - of our national capacity to produce chlorine, beryllium, and a particular specialty alumina catalyst required for the production of sulfur. All of these industries are of critical importance to the United States economy. Other industries that were examined and found not to be particularly vulnerable are medicinal drugs and silicon wafers for electronics. Thus, only the three more vulnerable industries are addressed in this report

  13. Industrial Application of Solar Radiation

    OpenAIRE

    Funken, Karl-Heinz

    2012-01-01

    The lecture introduces the principles of solar thermal power production and solar process heat generation and outlines recent developments of its industrial implementation. The appropriate technologies address both increasing demands in power and industrial process heat on the one hand and huge markets in the said branches on the other hand. Industrial implementation achieved a multi-MW scale. In addition to these thermal applications, in the long term future solar radiation may be used f...

  14. Mergers in Regulated Industries: Electricity

    OpenAIRE

    Dennis W. Carlton

    2007-01-01

    Mergers in any industry can raise complicated questions about the elimination of competition and the achievement of efficiencies. Mergers in regulated industries such as electricity raise even more complicated issues as the analyst needs to grapple with the constraining effects of regulation, multiple levels of regulation, the ability to evade regulation, and the desire for efficiency. This paper discusses the electricity industry in general and one particular electricity merger that the U.S....

  15. Industry Platforms and Ecosystem Innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Gawer, Annabelle; Cusumano, Michael A., 1954-

    2013-01-01

    This paper brings together the recent literature on industry platforms and shows how it relates to managing innovation within and outside the firm as well as to dealing with technological and market disruptions and change over time. First, we identify distinct types of platforms. Our analysis of a wide range of industry examples suggests that there are two predominant types of platforms: internal or company-specific platforms, and external or industry-wide platforms. We define internal (compa...

  16. Knowledge Evolution in Industrial Clusters

    OpenAIRE

    Langfeng Wang; Qunhong Shen

    2009-01-01

    Character of knowledge management conducted in industrial clusters is different from entity of enterpresis and socail public deparment because of distinction in management objection. Many scholars was attracted to reseach knowledge management for enterprises, knowledge management in industrial clusters lack durable study in depth. This paper seeks to lay out an organizational foundation to a theory of industrial clusters and present the necessary, factors, process and characters of knowledge ...

  17. Industry Resource Meets Creative Originality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Accompanied with the industry value chain extension,the creative originality research and promotion are becoming the major voice of textile industry.Currently,"2010 China International Fabric Design Contest & China Textile City Recommendation Meeting" convened in Beijing ceremoniously.Vice-chairman of China Textile & Apparel Council,Wang Tiankai and head of Shaoxing city government participated in the conference and gave speech on the industry market circumstance.

  18. Economic Globalization and Industrial Pollution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhou Li; Ying Ruiyao

    2008-01-01

    In order to study the relationship between economic globalization and industrial pollution, this paper developed the theoretical framework and used simultaneous equations. The result shows that economic globalization has influences on the industrial pollution mainly by the direct effect of scale, structure and technology as well as the indirect effect of income and policy. Considering all the factors, economic globalization, especially foreign direct investment (FDI), will reduce industrial pollution, in which technology spillover effect plays an important role.

  19. STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN INDUSTRI KECIL CARICA

    OpenAIRE

    Adi Permadi

    2015-01-01

    Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui bagaimana profil industri kecil carica di Kabupaten Wonosobo serta untuk mengetahui strategi pengembangan apa yang bisa digunakan. Variabel yang diteliti adalah profil industri yang meliputi sumber daya manusia, permodalan, teknologi, dan pemasaran. Metode analisis data yang digunakan adalah metode analisis deskriptif dan analisis SWOT. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa profil industri kecil carica di Kabupaten Wonosobo pada tahun 2014 ada 1...

  20. Study of industry safety management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book deals with general remarks, industrial accidents, statistics of industrial accidents, unsafe actions, making machinery and facilities safe, safe activities, having working environment safe, survey of industrial accidents and analysis of causes, system of safety management and operations, safety management planning, safety education, human engineering such as human-machines system, system safety, and costs of disaster losses. It lastly adds individual protective equipment and working clothes including protect equipment for eyes, face, hands, arms and feet.

  1. China's Chemical Pharmaceutical Industry Rebounding

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ After reorganization in 2006, China's chemical pharmaceutical industry began to pick up in 2007. According to the China Pharmaceutical Industry Association,China's chemical pharmaceutical industry achieved sales revenues of RMB202.5 billion in the first eight months this year, a growth of 24.6% - 5.6 percentage points faster than January to May this year. The net profit was RMB17.4 billion, an increase of 50.8% over the same period of 2006.

  2. THE EFFECT OF INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION

    OpenAIRE

    Kshemaling S. Bhaskar; Khan, A. G.

    2015-01-01

    Pollutants given off by various industries and factories are often considered to be one of the prime factors contributing to air, water and soil pollution. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), it has been estimated that industrial pollution is responsible for almost 50 percent of the pollution present in the United States. There are various wideranging effects, as well as serious consequences, of industrial pollution on the ecological balance of the atmosphere.

  3. Regulating the private security industry

    CERN Document Server

    Percy, Sarah

    2002-01-01

    The under-regulation of the private security industry has increasingly become a topic of media and academic interest. This Adelphi Paper enters the debate by explaining why the industry requires further regulation, and what is wrong with the current system. It begins by briefly defining the industry and explaining the need for more effective regulation, before analysing three types of regulation: domestic, international and informal (including self-regulation).

  4. Progress in Industrial Mathematics at ECMI 96

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    mathematicians get inspiration from industrial demands. The European Consortium for Mathematics in Industry aims to create contact between industry and academia, and to promote research in industrial mathematics. This book contains a broad spectrum of mathematics applied to industrial problems. Applied...... mathematics, case studies, and review papers in the following fields are included: Environmental modelling, railway systems, industrial processes, electronics, ships, oil industry, optimization, machine dynamics, fluids in industry. Applied mathematicians and other professionals working in academia...

  5. Technological competence and competitiveness of Korea industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book introduces technology and competitiveness and industrial policy of economics, technological competence and technological innovation system of Korea, a newly industrialized country, development of technological innovation and competence of semiconductor industry, development of technological innovation and competence of synthetic fiber industry, development of technological innovation and competence of machine tool industry, development of technological competence of automobile industry, improvement and delay of technological competence of computer industry, and development of technological innovation and competitiveness of appliance industry.

  6. Restructuring in the electricity industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Papers, speaking notes and copies of overhead projections used in presentations at the November 1996 conference on restructuring in the electricity industry were provided. The conference was organized to help industry leaders understand the implications of the MacDonald Committee report, to disseminate other relevant information on how the industry will be restructured, and to prepare industry insiders for the competitive environment in which they will have to work following deregulation. As part of this preparation, tools that will be required to survive and succeed in this new environment, and some useful techniques for maximizing market share, and generally, to benefit from the transition, were also provided

  7. Industry's role in inertial fusion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper is an address to the Tenth Symposium on Fusion Engineering. The speaker first addressed the subject of industry's role in inertial fusion three years earlier in 1980, outlining programs that included participation in the Shiva construction project, and the industrial participants' program set up in the laser fusion program to bring industrial scientists and engineers into the laboratory to work on laser fusion. The speaker is now the president of KMS Fusion, Inc., the primary industrial participant in the inertial fusion program. The outlook for fusion energy and the attitude of the federal government toward the fusion program is discussed

  8. Trends in Croatian hotel industry

    OpenAIRE

    Jasmina GRZINIC

    2008-01-01

    Tourism and hotel business is becoming one of the leading industries of the world. Therefore, an increased attention needs to be paid to the study of trends in tourism because they determine the trends in hotel industry. The purpose of the paper is to point out the importance of hotel industry as one of the most important elements of development in tourist economies. The paper aims at introducing the newest trends in modern hotel industry and offering a review of the recent trends of demand a...

  9. Advances in industrial heat transfer

    CERN Document Server

    Minea, Alina Adriana

    2012-01-01

    Advances in Industrial Heat Transfer presents the basic principles of industrial heat transfer enhancement. Serving as a reference and guide for future research, this book presents a complete approach, from redesigning equipment to the use of nanofluids in industry. Based on the latest methods of the experiment and their interpretation, this book presents a unified conception of the industrial heat transfer process and procedures which will help decrease global energy consumption. Containing both theoretical and practical results, the book uses text, pictures, graphs, and definitions to illust

  10. Industrial Hygiene Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brisbin, Steven G.

    1999-01-01

    This breakout session is a traditional conference instrument used by the NASA industrial hygiene personnel as a method to convene personnel across the Agency with common interests. This particular session focused on two key topics, training systems and automation of industrial hygiene data. During the FY 98 NASA Occupational Health Benchmarking study, the training system under development by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was deemed to represent a "best business practice." The EPA has invested extensively in the development of computer based training covering a broad range of safety, health and environmental topics. Currently, five compact disks have been developed covering the topics listed: Safety, Health and Environmental Management Training for Field Inspection Activities; EPA Basic Radiation Training Safety Course; The OSHA 600 Collateral Duty Safety and Health Course; and Key program topics in environmental compliance, health and safety. Mr. Chris Johnson presented an overview of the EPA compact disk-based training system and answered questions on its deployment and use across the EPA. This training system has also recently been broadly distributed across other Federal Agencies. The EPA training system is considered "public domain" and, as such, is available to NASA at no cost in its current form. Copies of the five CD set of training programs were distributed to each NASA Center represented in the breakout session. Mr. Brisbin requested that each NASA Center review the training materials and determine whether there is interest in using the materials as it is or requesting that EPA tailor the training modules to suit NASA's training program needs. The Safety, Health and Medical Services organization at Ames Research Center has completed automation of several key program areas. Mr. Patrick Hogan, Safety Program Manager for Ames Research Center, presented a demonstration of the automated systems, which are described by the following: (1) Safety

  11. Obsolescence in nuclear industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Most nuclear plants around the world are roughly 15 to 30 years old. The design and procurement of CANDU plants took place from the late 60's to mid 80's (i.e., 20 to 30 years vintage). Most equipment originally installed in these plants is obsolete or the manufactures are out of business or their production has been discontinued due to technological evolution. In order to maintain operation of nuclear plants with safety integrity and commercial viability, certain spare parts must be available at the plant all the time. The objective of this paper is to identify an optimum, cost-effective approach that solves obsolescence problem efficiently and without duplicating efforts. The Nuclear Utility Obsolescence Group (NUOG) has embarked upon the following major tasks: Developing a Guideline for use by the utilities that addresses obsolescence; Collection of obsolescence data in a database (Web-based) to be shared by all members; Motivation of the suppliers to engage them in obsolescence solutions; Increase in awareness among the utility management to consider obsolescence as a priority issue and allocate funds to address them pro-actively; and Coordination with other industry groups (EPRI, INPO, NEI, BWROG etc.) to avoid duplication of effort in obsolescence resolution process. The NUOG strategy is based upon the principles of sharing. It advocates sharing of obsolescence solutions and concerns among the utilities. Candu Owners Group Inc. (COG) has initiated self-assessment of obsolescence in the members' plants. The purpose of self-assessment is to provide baseline information that would help identification of obsolescence and coordination of their solutions. The following areas are covered in the self-assessment initiative: Identification of obsolete components in selected systems in the plant. Assess effectiveness of the current obsolescence identification process and in resolution of obsolescence Issues in the plant. Identification of common Candu plant design

  12. The para-petroleum industry; L'industrie parapetroliere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    The para-petroleum industry includes societies that realize studies and installations for the deposits exploitation. This document presents the situation of the para-petroleum industry in 2001, the world investment growth of the activity, the french societies financial results and an inventory of the main operations in the amalgamation domain. (A.L.B.)

  13. Plasmonics for the industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lütolf, Fabian; Basset, Guillaume; Casari, Daniele; Luu-Dinh, Angélique; Gallinet, Benjamin

    2015-08-01

    Metallic nanostructures interact strongly with light through surface plasmon modes and many application fields have been proposed during the past decade, including light harvesting, sensing and structural colors. However, their implementation for the industry requires the development of up scalable and cost effective manufacturing processes. The fabrication at wafer scale of plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials using nano imprint lithography is reported. After structuring, the evaporation of various plasmonic materials are performed with a tilt angle with respect to the substrate, which increases the light interactions with the different metallic layers as well as enlarges the design possibilities. A step and repeat process is used to increase further the area of nanostructured surface. The measured optical properties of the fabricated structures show a very good agreement compared to numerical calculations using the rigorous coupled wave analysis. These numerical calculations together which structural characterization, increase the process control and enable the design of the nanostructures for specific applications. In particular, nanostructures with a shape similar to split ring resonators and which support high order plasmonic modes showing Fano resonances are shown to be promising for sensing applications. The structures were designed in such a way to have a strong spectral response in the blue/green region of the visible spectrum. Examples of refractive index sensors and stretch sensors were finally discussed.

  14. Canadian petroleum industry review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A wide ranging discussion about the factors that have influenced oil and natural gas prices, the differences of the Canadian market from international markets, the differences between eastern and western Canadian markets, and shareholders' perspectives on recent commodity price developments was presented. Developments in the OPEC countries were reviewed, noting that current OPEC production of 25 mmbbls is about 60 per cent higher than it was in 1985. It is expected that OPEC countries will continue to expand capacity to meet expected demand growth and the continuing need created by the UN embargo on Iraqi oil sales. Demand for natural gas is also likely to continue to rise especially in view of the deregulation of the electricity industry where natural gas may well become the favored fuel for incremental thermal generation capacity. Prices of both crude oil and natural gas are expected to hold owing to unusually low storage levels of both fuels. The inadequacy of infrastructure, particularly pipeline capacity as a key factor in the Canadian market was noted, along with the dynamic that will emerge in the next several years that may have potential consequences for Canadian production - namely the reversal of the Sarnia to Montreal pipeline. With regard to shareholders' expectations the main issues are (1) whether international markets reach back to the wellhead, hence the producer's positioning with respect to transportation capacity and contract portfolios, and (2) whether the proceeds from increased prices are invested in projects that are yielding more than the cost of capital. 28 figs

  15. The electricity industry perspective

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Orchison, K. [Electricity Supply Association of Australia Ltd., Sydney, NSW (Australia)

    1996-12-31

    A revolution has been sweeping through the electricity supply business in Australia in the past decade and especially in the past five years. Electricity suppliers were early adherents to the pursuit of economic reform, beginning a drive towards greater efficiency in the mid-1980s and accelerating the process as government, pushed in turn by industry and commerce, took up pursuit of competitive energy markets, including radical restructuring of the State-owned utility organizations. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the electricity supply business. It include an outline of the major challenges confronting the electricity supply business in Australia, particularly as a result of the introduction of competitive markets in electricity and natural gas. Deregulation will see the providers of electricity and gas reposition themselves as organizations able to supply the total energy needs of customers. A de-regulated electricity market also offers cogeneration plants new opportunities to sell surplus electricity to generators, distribution businesses or directly to customers. The major frontiers facing the electricity supply business in Australia is seen to be that of productively channelling change. How this is handled has substantial implications for those who purchase electricity, suppliers of fuel to electricity generators or rivals in the marketplace. (author).

  16. Steiner trees in industry

    CERN Document Server

    Du, Ding-Zhu

    2001-01-01

    This book is a collection of articles studying various Steiner tree prob­ lems with applications in industries, such as the design of electronic cir­ cuits, computer networking, telecommunication, and perfect phylogeny. The Steiner tree problem was initiated in the Euclidean plane. Given a set of points in the Euclidean plane, the shortest network interconnect­ ing the points in the set is called the Steiner minimum tree. The Steiner minimum tree may contain some vertices which are not the given points. Those vertices are called Steiner points while the given points are called terminals. The shortest network for three terminals was first studied by Fermat (1601-1665). Fermat proposed the problem of finding a point to minimize the total distance from it to three terminals in the Euclidean plane. The direct generalization is to find a point to minimize the total distance from it to n terminals, which is still called the Fermat problem today. The Steiner minimum tree problem is an indirect generalization. Sch...

  17. Industrial robot's vision systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iureva, Radda A.; Raskin, Evgeni O.; Komarov, Igor I.; Maltseva, Nadezhda K.; Fedosovsky, Michael E.

    2016-03-01

    Due to the improved economic situation in the high technology sectors, work on the creation of industrial robots and special mobile robotic systems are resumed. Despite this, the robotic control systems mostly remained unchanged. Hence one can see all advantages and disadvantages of these systems. This is due to lack of funds, which could greatly facilitate the work of the operator, and in some cases, completely replace it. The paper is concerned with the complex machine vision of robotic system for monitoring of underground pipelines, which collects and analyzes up to 90% of the necessary information. Vision Systems are used to identify obstacles to the process of movement on a trajectory to determine their origin, dimensions and character. The object is illuminated in a structured light, TV camera records projected structure. Distortions of the structure uniquely determine the shape of the object in view of the camera. The reference illumination is synchronized with the camera. The main parameters of the system are the basic distance between the generator and the lights and the camera parallax angle (the angle between the optical axes of the projection unit and camera).

  18. Tax Responses in Platform Industries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kind, Hans Jarle; Köthenbürger, Marko; Schjelderup, Guttorm

    Two-sided platform firms serve distinct customer groups that are connected through interdependent demand, and include major businesses such as the media industry, banking, and the software industry. A well known result of tax incidence is that consumers of a more heavily taxed good pay a higher...

  19. The Industry Prospects in 2005

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    <正>Based on an article published by China Nonfer-rous Metals Industry Association, China’s non-ferrous metals industry development is likely to slow down in 2005 due to insufficient supply of energy and raw materials as well as the transportation bottleneck.

  20. Biotechnology and the Food Industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, Jenny; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Traditional and novel uses of enzymes and microbes in the baking, brewing, and dairy industries are described. Cheese, yogurt, baking, brewing, vinegar, soy sauce, single-cell proteins, enzymes, food modification, vanilla, citric acid, monosodium glutamate, xanthan gum, aspartame, and cochineal are discussed. Industrial links with firms involved…

  1. Energy End-Use : Industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Banerjee, R.; Gong, Y; Gielen, D.J.; Januzzi, G.; Marechal, F.; McKane, A.T.; Rosen, M.A.; Es, D. van; Worrell, E.

    2012-01-01

    The industrial sector accounts for about 30% of the global final energy use and accounts for about 115 EJ of final energy use in 2005. 1Cement, iron and steel, chemicals, pulp and paper and aluminum are key energy intensive materials that account for more than half the global industrial use. There i

  2. Major Changes in Coal Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ In recent years, facing the unprecedented difficulties and challenges such as fuel price increase, supply tension of power coal and increasing pressure of environmental protection, the survival of power enterprises is subjected to certain squeeze. The impact of coal industry on the power industry is increasing.

  3. The petroleum industry in 2001

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This economic analysis presents the 2001 highlights and key-data of the world petroleum industry: evolution of crude prices, exploration and production worldwide, petroleum exploration and production in France, para-petroleum industry, hydrocarbon supplies, refining activity, evolution of quality of products and fuel substitutes, domestic transports, storage, consumption, fiscality, prices and distribution of petroleum products. (J.S.)

  4. ANALYTICAL REPRESENTATION OF INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. I. Chepeleva

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Investigation of mathematical models and problems of optimum industrial process has been carried out with the help of operational calculus theory, impulse function theory, set theory, time-tables, combinatory optimization. Analytical expressions describing discontinuous industrial process have been obtained and their geometrical interpretation is also given in the paper.

  5. Light Industry Feels the Pinch

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Zhen

    2009-01-01

    @@ Amid the global downturn, China's light industry, an important engine for export and economic growth, is no exception to suffer severely from changes in the domestic and international economic environment in recent months. In such context, concrete measures should be taken to support the industry to weather the difficulties.

  6. Careers in the Music Industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Peter J.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    Describes jobs in the music industry, including instrument designer, sales representative, instrument repair-person, retail music sales-person, recording engineer, and careers in the new video music industry. Educational requirements, personal qualifications, and the advantages and disadvantages of each job are discussed. (AM)

  7. China PR Industry Report 2005

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Background The 2005 annual survey on the PR industry in China was conducted by China International Public Relations Association(CIPRA)from January 20the to February 20th ,in order to better reflect the development of the PR service market in China,investigate trends within the PR industry,and promote its continuous development.

  8. Accreditation of Industrial Engineering Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, George H.

    The guidelines used in the accreditation of industrial engineering programs are discussed. Changes that have taken place in engineering curriculum are described, along with the philosophy of educators in formulating industrial engineering program requirements in the areas of faculty, facilities, curriculum, administration, and scholastic work.…

  9. The Danish fabricated metal industry:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Teis

    2010-01-01

    . This is less the case for low-tech industries, but their economic importance continues to be large, however. It is thus interesting to analyse how they manage to remain competitive. The analysis focuses on a case study of the fabricated metal industry by identifying the innovation strategies followed by firms...

  10. Ionizing radiation in industrial measurements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The development of instruments for industrial measurements have been extensively reviewed. Especially the measuring systems for control and automation as well as industrial radiometric gages have been presented and their application in Poland and other countries have been shown. The future developing trends in the interesting branch has been discussed

  11. The Industrial Revolution: A Misnomer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cameron, Rondo

    1982-01-01

    Argues that the British industrial revolution was in no sense inevitable and scarcely deserves the term "revolution." Examined are the characteristics which the British shared with other Europeans and ways in which they were distinctive that enabled them to become the first industrial nation. (RM)

  12. Research advances in industrial engineering

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    This book provides discussions and the exchange of information on principles, strategies, models, techniques, methodologies and applications of industrial engineering. It communicates the latest developments and research activity on industrial engineering and is useful for all those interested in the technological challenges in the field.

  13. Industrial Penetration and Internet Intensity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C-L. Chang (Chia-Lin); M.J. McAleer (Michael); Y-C. Wu (Yu-Chieh)

    2016-01-01

    textabstractThis paper investigates the effect of industrial penetration and internet intensity for Taiwan manufacturing firms, and analyses whether the relationships are substitutes or complements. The sample observations are based on 153,081 manufacturing plants, and covers 26 two-digit industry c

  14. Industry Formation and State Intervention

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Jens

    2005-01-01

    Tries to understand the very different development if the wind turbine indutry in the two countries.US tries a top down R&D driven aproach,and gets no wind turbine industry.Denmark on the other hand gets a blooming wind turbine industry-trough a bottom up aproach-driven by economic incentives....

  15. Defense Industry Clusters in Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadir Alpaslan Demir

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available All countries strive for a capable national defense supported by a strong national defense industry. Supporting national defense with imported defense systems has many limitations and risks because the terms of arms trade agreements between countries may easily be influenced by the political climate of the signatories. As a result, establishing an independent national defense requires a strong national defense industry. Furthermore, exporting defense systems may be an important source of national income. National defense industries mostly consist of large-scale defense firms that have the resources required for big defense contracts. However, small to medium enterprises (SMEs do not have the necessary resources, therefore they are at a disadvantage. To overcome this handicap and be part of the business, defense industry clusters mostly consisting of SMEs are being established. Provided that there is good national planning and support in this area, defense clusters consisting of SMEs may play a significant role in industry. SMEs have a chance to offer specialized services, special or customized products when needed. As a result, large defense firms subcontract certain portions of defense projects to SMEs. Since 2010, Turkey has shown signs of continuous improvement in defense industry clustering. In parallel with these developments, this study discusses the importance of clustering in the defense industry, briefly presents the state of the Turkish defense industry as highlighted by national statistics, and presents the current status of defense clusters in Turkey. The novelty of this article consists in its assessment of Turkish defense clusters.

  16. Automation; The New Industrial Revolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnstein, George E.

    Automation is a word that describes the workings of computers and the innovations of automatic transfer machines in the factory. As the hallmark of the new industrial revolution, computers displace workers and create a need for new skills and retraining programs. With improved communication between industry and the educational community to…

  17. The LNG Industry - 2012

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 2011 catastrophic tsunami in Japan continued its grip on LNG flows throughout 2012, causing massive shifts eastwards of Atlantic Basin and Middle East-sourced cargoes to satisfy the strong demand of Japan's power industry. Its commercial effects are likely to continue beyond the current year as well as beyond a mere diversion of product flows. On the production side, capacity additions have been below expectations and insufficient to make up for the higher loss of capacity due to planned shutdowns and unscheduled production interruptions, mainly resulting from a shortfall of feed-gas. As a result, in 2012, LNG trade has seen the first decline (minus 1.9%) in the past thirty years. The strong growth in spot and short term trade seen in recent years (up by 110% from 2009 to 2011) is no longer there, primarily, but not solely, in line with the lack of new supplies. Undoubtedly, the conversion of non-committed production and flexible supplies and of so-called wedge cargoes -especially from Qatar and Peru- into term volumes has reduced the overall short term liquidity. Until substantial new volumes become available, this phenomenon is likely to continue for the next couple of years as Asian importers have a growing appetite for (more) secure supplies. Two events in 2012, albeit of a different nature, stand out among the highlights of the year: a significant rise in reloads, and the first final investment decision (FID) of exports from North America. Reloading of cargoes in receiving terminals is generally presented as a demonstration of commercial innovation though sometimes simply allowing to overcome destination restrictions or difficult negotiations on profit sharing from cargo deviations. Considering operational cost efficiency and the environmental impact, it is doubtful that reloads will continue to be a growing feature in LNG trading, despite a total count in 2012 of 70 re-exported cargoes actually discharged in 2012 (up 60% from last year). It is

  18. From academy to industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text of publication follows. Clinical efficacy of radioimmunotherapy (RIT) has been clearly documented in the consolidation situation, such as first line treatment of indolent Non Hodgkin Lymphoma after induction chemotherapy [1] or after salvage resection of liver metastases from colon carcinoma [2], when tumor targets have a small, preferably microscopic, size. In this favorable situation RIT, which is a targeted therapy with toxicity limited to hematological toxicity, has a great potential and could be competitive with chemotherapy in particular for solid tumors. Such potential has been recently demonstrated in prostate cancer [3]. A lot of academic preclinical studies have been performed using multiple antibodies and antibody formats labeled with varied beta-emitting and more recently alpha particle-emitting radionuclides. With regard to other targeted therapies, the efficacy of RIT has been fully recognized and academic preclinical studies have been extended to a lot of clinical phase I/II studies but a limited number of phase II studies. Paradoxically, despite quite encouraging results, the number of industrially implemented phase III studies has been limited to the fingers of one hand illustrating a gap between academy and industry. For the last ten years only 2 ARCs (Antibody Radio Conjugates) (Zevalin and Bexxar) have been approved. The reasons for such a gap are complex and multiple but they could be summarized in one word: Money. The cost for a phase III study, enrolling hundreds of patients, exceeds the financial capabilities of most radiopharmaceutical companies and, up to now, Big Pharmas did not dare to invest in this field of RIT in part because they are not familiar with the use of radionuclides and prefer to develop ADCs (Antibody Drug Conjugates) even if they are generally more toxic and no more efficient than ARCs. For the future of RIT it is crucial to succeed in convincing Big Pharmas to invest in this field of ARCs. For this purpose it

  19. Edificio industrial, en Kuwait

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farmer y Dark, Arquitectos

    1963-11-01

    Full Text Available Kuwait as had a considerable increase both in income and in population over the past few years. Its climate is hot and dry and it has a very low rainfall. Hence it is particularly important for this country to have a steady supply of water and electricity. To meet this need, large power stations have been built. Power station A is one of the various sources which provide Kuwait with electric power. It has four turboalternator units. Inside the building, a system of airconditioning has been developed, at such pressure and air speed that it will counteract outer climatic conditions and prevent the entry of sand particles into the power station during the frequent sandstorms. The external appearance of the power station has been carefully studied in order to bring it as much as possible into harmony with the surrounding buildings. The outline is audacious and irregular, seeking to obtain a variety of profiles and light and shade effects. It creates an impression that is reminiscent of the local mud structures, of simple and primitive shape, broken and rounded by the prolonged action of weather. Inside, the colour schemes are cool and relaxing whilst on the outside only those parts have been painted which are not likely to suffer the full effect of the sun. The overall effect of this building is pleasing, well in accordance with its strictly industrial function, and it is not lacking in many design refinement to cater for the sensibility of the staff that is to work in it for many hours every day, such at the balcony overlooking the sea, the pond and the garden zone round the entrance.Kuwait, Estado independiente situado al noroeste de Arabia, a la altura del Golfo Pérsico, ha experimentado, en los últimos años, un aumento considerable de población. El clima es cálido y seco, y las precipitaciones lluviosas, escasas. Es fácil deducir la importancia vital que representa, aquí el suministro regular de agua y electricidad, que ha traído como

  20. Competing For industry Resources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this presentation the UK Minister for Energy and Industry discusses the energy policy of the UK since the Government changed. He considers energy demand, sustainability and climate change. The UK strategy for sustainable development is set out in the publication Opportunities for Change. Another recent publication is Sustainable Business. What is needed now is a paradigm shift geared to actually developing a sustainable means of moving forward to improve the quality of life for humankind as a whole. Even as we endeavour to meet the environmental targets that flow from the Kyoto agreement, they are only a milestone. The market is the best way to balance supply and demand for energy in the long term. Much has been done to open up energy markets in Europe over the past few years, first in electricity, then in gas. Europe is now also opening up natural gas markets to competition. The UK has just completed a major review of the whole range of utility regulation and will consult further on how to change the gas and electricity regimes to make them more consistent and more in tune with the way the market is developing. A major review of the electricity generation sector has been held; gas is fine, but perfectly good coal stations should not be closed down for something more expensive. The wholesale electricity market should be reformed to create a competitive environment in which no one fuel has a built-in institutional advantage over another. Activity in the UK sector of the North Sea has held up well. British companies are expected to play an important role in worldwide deep water developments. British yards are at the forefront of FPSO (Floating Production Storage and Off-loading) technology. British expertise in the development of floating systems is second to none and operators ought to consider the UK as supplier of choice

  1. Uranium industry annual 1993

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Uranium production in the United States has declined dramatically from a peak of 43.7 million pounds U3O8 (16.8 thousand metric tons uranium (U)) in 1980 to 3.1 million pounds U3O8 (1.2 thousand metric tons U) in 1993. This decline is attributed to the world uranium market experiencing oversupply and intense competition. Large inventories of uranium accumulated when optimistic forecasts for growth in nuclear power generation were not realized. The other factor which is affecting U.S. uranium production is that some other countries, notably Australia and Canada, possess higher quality uranium reserves that can be mined at lower costs than those of the United States. Realizing its competitive advantage, Canada was the world's largest producer in 1993 with an output of 23.9 million pounds U3O8 (9.2 thousand metric tons U). The U.S. uranium industry, responding to over a decade of declining market prices, has downsized and adopted less costly and more efficient production methods. The main result has been a suspension of production from conventional mines and mills. Since mid-1992, only nonconventional production facilities, chiefly in situ leach (ISL) mining and byproduct recovery, have operated in the United States. In contrast, nonconventional sources provided only 13 percent of the uranium produced in 1980. ISL mining has developed into the most cost efficient and environmentally acceptable method for producing uranium in the United States. The process, also known as solution mining, differs from conventional mining in that solutions are used to recover uranium from the ground without excavating the ore and generating associated solid waste. This article describes the current ISL Yang technology and its regulatory approval process, and provides an analysis of the factors favoring ISL mining over conventional methods in a declining uranium market

  2. AVLIS industrial access program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1984-11-15

    This document deals with the procurements planned for the construction of an Atomic Vapor Laser Isotope Separation (AVLIS) production plant. Several large-scale AVLIS facilities have already been built and tested; a full-scale engineering demonstration facility is currently under construction. The experience gained from these projects provides the procurement basis for the production plant construction and operation. In this document, the status of the AVLIS process procurement is presented from two viewpoints. The AVLIS Production Plant Work Breakdown Structure is referenced at the level of the items to be procured. The availability of suppliers for the items at this level is discussed. In addition, the work that will result from the AVLIS enrichment plant project is broken down by general procurement categories (construction, mechanical equipment, etc.) and the current AVLIS suppliers are listed according to these categories. A large number of companies in all categories are currently providing AVLIS equipment for the Full-Scale Demonstration Facility in Livermore, California. These companies form an existing and expanding supplier network for the AVLIS program. Finally, this document examines the relationship between the AVLIS construction project/operational facility and established commercial suppliers. The goal is to utilize existing industrial capability to meet the needs of the project in a competitive procurement situation. As a result, costs and procurement risks are both reduced because the products provided come from within the AVLIS suppliers' experience base. At the same time, suppliers can benefit by the potential to participate in AVLIS technology spin-off markets. 35 figures.

  3. Uranium industry annual 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-09-01

    Uranium production in the United States has declined dramatically from a peak of 43.7 million pounds U{sub 3}O{sub 8} (16.8 thousand metric tons uranium (U)) in 1980 to 3.1 million pounds U{sub 3}O{sub 8} (1.2 thousand metric tons U) in 1993. This decline is attributed to the world uranium market experiencing oversupply and intense competition. Large inventories of uranium accumulated when optimistic forecasts for growth in nuclear power generation were not realized. The other factor which is affecting U.S. uranium production is that some other countries, notably Australia and Canada, possess higher quality uranium reserves that can be mined at lower costs than those of the United States. Realizing its competitive advantage, Canada was the world`s largest producer in 1993 with an output of 23.9 million pounds U{sub 3}O{sub 8} (9.2 thousand metric tons U). The U.S. uranium industry, responding to over a decade of declining market prices, has downsized and adopted less costly and more efficient production methods. The main result has been a suspension of production from conventional mines and mills. Since mid-1992, only nonconventional production facilities, chiefly in situ leach (ISL) mining and byproduct recovery, have operated in the United States. In contrast, nonconventional sources provided only 13 percent of the uranium produced in 1980. ISL mining has developed into the most cost efficient and environmentally acceptable method for producing uranium in the United States. The process, also known as solution mining, differs from conventional mining in that solutions are used to recover uranium from the ground without excavating the ore and generating associated solid waste. This article describes the current ISL Yang technology and its regulatory approval process, and provides an analysis of the factors favoring ISL mining over conventional methods in a declining uranium market.

  4. AVLIS industrial access program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document deals with the procurements planned for the construction of an Atomic Vapor Laser Isotope Separation (AVLIS) production plant. Several large-scale AVLIS facilities have already been built and tested; a full-scale engineering demonstration facility is currently under construction. The experience gained from these projects provides the procurement basis for the production plant construction and operation. In this document, the status of the AVLIS process procurement is presented from two viewpoints. The AVLIS Production Plant Work Breakdown Structure is referenced at the level of the items to be procured. The availability of suppliers for the items at this level is discussed. In addition, the work that will result from the AVLIS enrichment plant project is broken down by general procurement categories (construction, mechanical equipment, etc.) and the current AVLIS suppliers are listed according to these categories. A large number of companies in all categories are currently providing AVLIS equipment for the Full-Scale Demonstration Facility in Livermore, California. These companies form an existing and expanding supplier network for the AVLIS program. Finally, this document examines the relationship between the AVLIS construction project/operational facility and established commercial suppliers. The goal is to utilize existing industrial capability to meet the needs of the project in a competitive procurement situation. As a result, costs and procurement risks are both reduced because the products provided come from within the AVLIS suppliers' experience base. At the same time, suppliers can benefit by the potential to participate in AVLIS technology spin-off markets. 35 figures

  5. Impact of industrialization on environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The positive economic and social results of industrial growth have been accompanied by serious environmental degradation, however, as well growing threats to health from occupational hazards. To some extent, these problems are analogous to those of early industrial Europe. In the 19th century, the shift from a rural, agrarian society to an urban, industrial society initially involve widespread social and economic disruption, unemployment, homelessness, pollution, and increased exposure to health hazards both at work and at home. Many of these same problems characterize cities in the developing world today. As part of this growth, industrial wastes are going in quantity and becoming more varied, more toxic, and more difficult to dispose off or degrade. Densities in cities where much of the industrial production is located for surpass those in developed countries, so the number of people exposed to pollutants is potentially much greater. (author)

  6. TRENDS IN CROATIAN HOTEL INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasmina GRZINIC

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Tourism and hotel business is becoming one of the leading industries of theworld. Therefore, an increased attention needs to be paid to the study oftrends in tourism because they determine the trends in hotel industry. Thepurpose of the paper is to point out the importance of hotel industry as one ofthe most important elements of development in tourist economies. The paperaims at introducing the newest trends in modern hotel industry and offering areview of the recent trends of demand and the directions of hotel industrydevelopment. The importance of hotel industry on both micro and macro, i.e.global level is increasing. Besides a series of theoretical representations andconclusions, this paper brings some concrete data and examples frompractice in hotel management.

  7. DEVELOPMENT TREND OF ETHYLENE INDUSTRY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Song Ting

    2014-01-01

    The growth of world ethylene production and demand has been slowed down, but accelarated growth after 2015 is forecasted. Shale gas revolution has promoted the resurge of ethylene industry in North America and changed the investment pattern of world ethylene industry.Chinese ethylene industry has developed rapidly, facing not only opportunities for development but also outside pressure.The diversified pattern of Chinese ethylene industry has been formed , in which MTO has become an effective complement to the ethylene industry.While cracking raw material has become lighter and lighter worldwide, naphtha still dominates the ethylene raw material in China, leading to high cost of raw material.Aiming to reduce the cost and improve the competitiveness, this article introduces the progress of steam cracking technology for ethylene production from the aspects of low energy consumption , low cost, large capacity and long-term operation.

  8. Petroleum industry 1996; L`industrie petroliere 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-31

    A survey on petroleum industry activities in France and in the world in 1996 is presented. The different parts and themes of the study are: evolution of the petroleum market (international and French markets, supply and demand, prices, mark-up and taxation in France and in Europe); activities in the petroleum industries (exploration and production, maritime transportation, inland transportation and storage, refining, quality of petroleum products and substitution fuels, oil distribution); environment and safety (refining, distribution and evolution of products, pipeline and maritime transportation, exploration and production); situation of the sector`s companies (oil groups, para-petroleum French industry, scientific and technical research)

  9. "National LCD Industrial Park" Formed in Wuxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Approved by Ministry of Information Industry, "National LCD Industrial Park" is formed in Wuxi. After years' development, LCD industry in Wuxi has been developed into certain scale. LCD industry group headed by Wuxi Sharp Company has been formed. Currently, there are 16 upstream and downstream producers in this industry in Wuxi, with total investment up to USD$ 300 million. Production value of thisindustry reached RMB 16 billion. LCD industry is a new highlight in the development of Wuxi high-tech industrie...

  10. Network structure of inter-industry flows

    OpenAIRE

    McNerney, J.; B. D. Fath; Silverberg, G

    2012-01-01

    We study the structure of inter-industry relationships using networks of money flows between industries in 20 national economies. We find these networks vary around a typical structure characterized by a Weibull link weight distribution, exponential industry size distribution, and a common community structure. The community structure is hierarchical, with the top level of the hierarchy comprising five industry communities: food industries, chemical industries, manufacturing industries, servic...

  11. Novos rumos para o ensino médio noturno: como e por que fazer? Nuevos rumbos para la enseñanza media nocturna: ¿cómo y porqué hacerla? New avenues for evening high school classes: why and how?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lia Rodrigues Gonçalves

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo se refere à necessidade de se propiciar um canal de reflexão, discussão e ação junto aos professores que atuam no ensino médio noturno e, conseqüentemente, promover a melhoria de um ensino, que há muito tempo é apenas um simulacro. Para tal, apresentamos alguns resultados da investigação iniciada em dezembro de 2003 no Colégio Estadual Presidente Kennedy, em Belford Roxo - Baixada Fluminense/RJ, entre alunos e professores, equipe técnica e gestores. Queremos evidenciar a complexidade do processo de mudança, pois representa um desafio. Não se muda por decreto ou querência deste ou daquele grupo. Mudança é processo e sendo assim, exige um árduo trabalho de desconstrução e reconstrução a que os atores desse processo terão que se dedicar com competência, contínua e pacientemente. Não se trata apenas de mudar, mas de inovar.Este artículo se refiere a la necesidad de propiciarse un canal de reflexión, discusión y acción junto a los profesores que actúan en la enseñanza media nocturna y, consecuentemente, promover la mejora de una enseñanza, que hace mucho tiempo es apenas un simulacro. Para tal, presentamos algunos resultados de la investigación iniciada en diciembre de 2003 en el Colegio Estadual Presidente Kennedy, en la ciudad de Belford Roxo, Estado do Rio de Janeiro, entre alumnos y profesores, equipo técnico y gestores. Queremos evidenciar la complejidad del proceso de cambios, pues representa un desafío. No se cambia por decreto o deseo de este o de aquel grupo. El cambio es un proceso y, por eso, exige un arduo trabajo de destrucción y reconstrucción al cual los actores de ese proceso tendrán que dedicarse con competencia, continua y pacientemente. No se trata apenas de cambiar, sino de innovar.This article is about the need to provide a channel of reflexion, discussion, and action with high school evening class teachers, and consequently, promote a teaching improvement. For the past few

  12. Handbook of industrial statistics 1992

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main purpose of the present Handbook of Industrial Statistic 1992 is to provide statistical indicators relevant to drawing international comparisons of the process of industrialization. While relying largely on existing data - particularly data compiled by the Statistical Division of the Untied Nations Secretariat (UNSTAT) - the Handbook is original in two ways. First, the basic data accumulated have been combined to form indicators such as ratios, growth rates and indices that facilitate comparison. Secondly, many of the indicators presented are derived from estimates made by UNIDO to supplement data missing from the traditional sources. The Handbook consists of three parts. Part I presents data for selected country groupings, part II presents data for individual countries and areas, and part III presents data for two selected industries as special topics. Part I comprises three sections. The first two sections deal with the manufacturing sector as a whole and with its branches. The third section provides indicators of international trade. Part II consists of five sections. In part II, the first and the third sections deal with the manufacturing sector as a whole and with trade in manufactures. The second and fourth sections deal not only with manufacturing branches but also with manufacturing industries at a greater level of detail. The last section presents selected indicators for special aspects of industrial developments. Finally, part III consists of two sections: the first section refers to the leather industry; the second section refers to the pharmaceutical industry

  13. Causes for Retail Industry Globalization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jagadeesha, M.

    2012-12-01

    The heading of this article itself pushing me to think why retail industry is globalizing! Because to increase their presence worldwide and profit on the onside and for the sake of ìname and fameî in industry is other side, but todayís trend and compitetitation force industrial giants to forget the word ìname and fameî globalization is the only strategy to compensate their market share or profit from one country to another country or domestic market. The presence of retail industry in the global level from centuries, but the global recognaization of retail industry came to limelight only two decades ago. As soon as restrictions are removed in this sector, all the retail industry big giants spread across the world to extend their operations especially in emerging markets. Is this a good sign for retailers? Off course it is good sign for some countries and some countries are stick to their own perceptions. Some of the countries welcome this move because the FDI will improve their economic structure. On the other side employment opportunity is also one of the issues in globalization of retail sector. Because retail industry needs huge workforce, so significance of retail has been undoubted.

  14. The LNG Industry - 2013

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 2013 the LNG markets remained extremely tight due to the demand pull from nuclear closures in Japan and South Korea and the difficulties to ramp-up production of new facilities in Angola and Algeria, bringing LNG price levels in the Far East to record highs in the first quarter. In addition to Cheniere's Sabine Pass, three new liquefaction projects received full approvals in the U.S.A. last year, confirming the country's path to become the world's third largest LNG exporter by the end of the decade. Cameron joined their ranks in early 2014 so that at the time of this writing, a total 62.5 Mt/y of capacity have been approved to export to non-FTA countries by the Department of Energy, already impacting the LNG industry, if not in physical volume then in contracting strategy. 2013 could be considered a transition year. LNG traded volumes as a whole remained at the same level as in 2012, but new trade patterns seem to emerge. The past year may have seen a slowdown in the number of FIDs, counting only one greenfield (Yamal LNG) and two expansion projects, but not in capacity increase with a respectable 29 Mt/y committed in total. Demand remained strong in Asia, mainly in China and South Korea. In Japan, imports continued to increase, although more moderately in a response to high prices and the yen devaluation, shifting the energy mix towards other sources of energy. Demand also increased in South America, strongly related to weather factors. Europe remained the swing provider to the world's LNG market. In a context of depressed local demand and with the utilization rate of the re-gasification terminals in their region at a historical low, European players continued with innovative transactions in search for business (such as re-loadings, two-port loadings, ship-to-ship transfers) while developing new markets for LNG as a transportation fuel. Three new countries joined the ranks of LNG importers in 2013: Israel, Malaysia, and Singapore. Total

  15. The LNG Industry - 2014

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the main, the global LNG industry can look back on 2014 as another year of relative stagnation with LNG trade reaching 239.2 MMT, a 1% increase over 2013, but just below 2011 levels. Although one new liquefaction plant came on stream in May in Papua New Guinea and one expansion train started producing in Algeria, disappointments in Angola and Egypt and slowdown in Qatar limited the volume of additional LNG supply. Low demand in South Korea as well as slower than expected growth in China contributed to loosen the market tightness observed in recent years, foreboding the return of a buyers' market as the year progressed. Other highlights in the past year's review of LNG imports are the remarkable gain in India, ahead of the U.K and Japan's demand increase, and the arrival of Lithuania as the world's 30. importer with a floating storage and re-gasification unit (FSRU). On the supply side, Queensland Curtis was on the brink at year-end of joining the producers' rank and managed to load its first cargo in December. Nigeria showed the second largest addition of supply (after PNG) attributable to a much improved feed-gas supply. During the second half of the year a sharp decrease in crude oil prices combined with a looser supply situation in the Pacific drove down prices in Asia, where spot prices were halved between March and October of last year. On the supply side, this price drop in Asia will inevitably slow down or defer development of expensive new supply projects. On the demand side, it has begun to translate into the return of flexible LNG cargoes to Europe, where spot prices have been disconnected from oil prices for some time. In this context of demand and price uncertainty, traditional procurement models are changing, as new players with different business models emerge, new procurement alliances are being formed and new commercial offerings are being structured; all mainly in the pursuit of enhanced flexibility both in terms of

  16. Industrial relations in the oil industry in Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    Reynoso Castillo, Carlos

    2006-01-01

    Traces the origins of Petróleos Mexicanos (PEMEX) in 1938 and recent developments (1994-2005) in the production, refining and exportation of crude oil. Gives an overview of the conditions of employment and industrial relations.

  17. Technical change in US industry: A cross-industry analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, R. R. (Editor)

    1981-01-01

    The nature of the public policies which have influenced the pace and pattern of technical progress in a number of American industries is studied with the view of assessing the broad effects of these policies. The industries studied are agriculture, pharmaceuticals, semiconductors, computers, civil aircraft, automobiles and residential construction. The policies considered include research and development funding as well as government procurement, education, information dissemination, patent protection, licensing, regulations, and anti-trust policies.

  18. Agricultural and industrial process heat

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dollard, J.

    1978-01-01

    The application of solar energy to agricultural and industrial process heat requirements is discussed. This energy end use sector has been the largest and it appears that solar energy can, when fully developed and commercialized, displace from three to eight or more quads of oil and natural gas in U.S. industry. This potential for fossil fuel displacement in the agricultural and industrial process heat area sector represents a possible savings of 1.4 to 3.8 million barrels of oil daily.

  19. Industrial processes influenced by gravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ostrach, Simon

    1988-01-01

    In considering new directions for low gravity research with particular regard to broadening the number and types of industrial involvements, it is noted that transport phenomena play a vital role in diverse processes in the chemical, pharmaceutical, food, and biotech industries. Relatively little attention has been given to the role of gravity in such processes. Accordingly, numerous industrial processes and phenomena are identified which involve gravity and/or surface tension forces. Phase separations and mixing are examples that will be significantly different in low gravity conditions. A basis is presented for expanding the scope of the low gravity research program and the potential benefits of such research is indicated.

  20. Mining Industry Energy Bandwidth Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2007-07-01

    The Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) relies on analytical studies to identify large energy reduction opportunities in energy-intensive industries and uses these results to guide its R&D portfolio. The energy bandwidth illustrates the total energy-saving opportunity that exists in the industry if the current processes are improved by implementing more energy-efficient practices and by using advanced technologies. This bandwidth analysis report was conducted to assist the ITP Mining R&D program in identifying energy-saving opportunities in coal, metals, and mineral mining. These opportunities were analyzed in key mining processes of blasting, dewatering, drilling, digging, ventilation, materials handling, crushing, grinding, and separations.

  1. Manufacturing industry and nuclear power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The manufacturing industry and nuclear power is discussed at two levels. There is the supplier level where the problems tend to be orthodox but take on a special peculiarity when applied to the nuclear market, and there is the level that may be termed nuclear politics and which has a number of aspects including energy policy, choice of reactor system, efficient uses of industrial resources and public acceptability. The role of the supplier is seen as searching for new orders, having secured an order performing the contract, and finally looking at the long term requirements of the industry. The choice of thermal reactor system, PWR, AGR, or BWR is discussed. (author)

  2. China's Developing Dietary Supplement Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jeff Crowther

    2011-01-01

    @@ With the increasingly large size and forward momentum of China's economy, one would think there has to be a well-developed dietary supplement industry.However, although China has been posting re-cord gains to its GDP, it is far behind the U.S., E.U.and Japan in regard to a well-defined and prosperous dietary supplement industry.With that said, having an established dietary supple-ment industry is not the measure by which countries are judged in terms of economic prowess.

  3. Knowledge industry: a powerful mechanism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miguelote, Vera Regina da Silva; Camargo Jr, Kenneth Rochel de

    2010-02-01

    The paper deals with the pharmaceutical industry's links to the knowledge industry, through powerful marketing strategies. With the aim of scientifically legitimizing its products, the pharmaceutical industry interferes with the production of medical knowledge. In the form of a mechanism for directing economic interests, it funds drug research, biases its results and stimulates the production and publication of scientific papers. This is a mechanism that threatens important ethical issues: it transforms the process of scientific legitimization into a marketing strategy, compromises the credibility of the process of constructing medical knowledge and encourages distortions of the criteria for evaluating the quality of scientific papers. PMID:20140344

  4. INTERNET COMMERCE IN MARITIME INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    Monika Szyda

    2014-01-01

    Internet commerce in Poland is growing rapidly, entering into new industries and of-fering a wider and wider range of goods and services. For electronic commerce is open maritime industry, as evidenced by the maritime e-commerce. This aspect of e-commerce is not a popular topic of publications and research. In this article the author presents the genesis of electronic commerce in the maritime industry taking into account the particular business relationship business-to-business (B2B). Then at...

  5. Innovación industrial

    OpenAIRE

    Sancho, Rosa

    2007-01-01

    A study about the state of the art of definitions, theories and patterns of innovation processes is presented. The process of development of industrial innovation as well as the more commonly used indicators are analysed. The harmonized surveys used in industrialized countries to obtain innovation statistics and indicators are presented.

    Se presentan las definiciones, teorías y modelos del proceso de innovación industrial y su evolución a lo largo del tiempo. Se analiza his...

  6. Industrial District as a Corporation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza MOHAMMADY GARFAMY

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides a comparison study of industrial districts in two European countries, Spain and Sweden, using the conceptual framework of corporation. The relevance of this approach is based on the specific qualities that the industrial districts have, including the preexisting conditions, local traditions, products and production characteristics, marketing strategies, local policies and present challenges. The findings indicate the ways in which different patterns of inter-firm relationships, organization of production and dynamics of local alliances have shaped divergent regional responses to the industrial construction.

  7. EXOPOLYSACCHARIDES SYNTHESIS ON INDUSTRIAL WASTES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.P.

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Data from the literature and our own studies on the synthesis of microbial exopolysaccharides on various industrial waste (food industry, agricultural sector, biodiesel production, etc. are reviewed here. Utilization of industrial waste to obtain exopolysaccharides will solve not only the problem of secondary raw materials accumulation, but also will reduce the costs of the biosynthesis of practically valuable metabolites. In addition, some kinds of waste have a number of advantages compared to traditional carbohydrate substrates: aside from environmental health benefits, there are technological ones, like the presence of growth factors. There is also no need to use anti-foam substances and substrate sterilization in the latter case.

  8. Edificio industrial, en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lamela, Antonio

    1964-10-01

    Full Text Available This building can be separated into four main units. One includes the administrative offices, stores and design office. The second comprises the general workshops. The third is occupied with general services and a garage; and the fourth is taken up with two flats for the doorman and watchman. In the first one space is provided for the management, the assistant manager, the draughtsmen’s hall, the stores and auxiliary dependencies. The bookkeeping department is connected with the stores, for finished goods, and with the cashier's offices. There are separate washrooms for the management, the staff and the workmen. The workshop has been constructed on the modular system, and maximum illumination has been sought. The design allows for possible rearrangements and enlargements in the general layout. The third unit includes a transformer room, a storage accumulator, heating station, garage and workshop, and a store for buthane gas containers. The two dwellings are quite independent, and the daytime and nighttime living quarters are carefully separated. The structure and materials are clearly evident. No artifice is attempted, and the architect has been successful in making the most of the aesthetic and plastic qualities of the materials employed.Podemos distinguir en este complejo industrial cuatro unidades arquitectónicas: Cuerpo de dirección, administración, proyectos y almacenes; cuerpo de talleres; servicios y garajes; dos viviendas para conserjes o vigilantes. En el cuerpo de dirección se agrupan, por un lado, la dirección propiamente dicha; por otro lado, la subdirección en conexión directa con la sala de proyectos y delineación, y en el centro están los almacenes y contramaestres. La zona de contabilidad aparece en conexión con el almacén de productos terminados y en relación con la zona de pagos, a través de caja. Los servicios sanitarios se dividen en tres grupos: aseos para dirección, empleados y obreros. En el cuerpo de

  9. Low-Risk Investing without Industry Bets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Asness, Clifford S.; Frazzini, Andrea; Heje Pedersen, Lasse

    2014-01-01

    of industry bets that favor a slowly changing set of stodgy, stable industries. The authors refute this notion by showing that a strategy of betting against beta has delivered positive returns both as an industry-neutral bet within each industry and as a pure bet across industries....

  10. 29 CFR 516.31 - Industrial homeworkers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Industrial homeworkers. 516.31 Section 516.31 Labor... Act; Other Special Requirements § 516.31 Industrial homeworkers. (a) Definitions—(1) Industrial... perform industrial homework for an employer. (2) Industrial homework, as used in this section, means...

  11. Online University-Industry Collaboration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergaard, Helle Alsted; Bergenholtz, Carsten; Juhl, Hans Jørn

    , the main drivers for engagement are organizational and individual learning, and establishing connections, rather than monetary incentives. In contrast to offline studies on university-industry interactions, well-connected academics are less interested in online communities of academics and industry......Extant studies have shown how online communities can promote collaborative and innovative activities in general. Studies on university-industry collaborations have so far focused less on online activities. We therefore set out to examine the individual and organizational drivers and barriers...... for academics and industrial professionals to contribute to online community-based platforms. We use a mixed method approach using both survey data and in-depth interviews with respondents from the Danish food sector. Findings show that in line with known studies on online innovation communities in general...

  12. Global Operations at Aalborg Industries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wæhrens, Brian Vejrum; Slepniov, Dmitrij

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this case is to describe the development of Aalborg Industries into a global company. Aalborg Industries has been an example to many companies, as it has managed to maintain a leading market position in a highly competitive and increasingly globalized marked and has managed...... to successfully reconfigure its operations set-up to meet new contextual conditions. This case was prepared in 2009, through a number of interviews and managers from all business functions as well as top management. The authors do not intend to illustrate either effective or ineffective handling of a managerial...... situation. The authors may have disguised certain names and other identifying information to protect confidentiality. The case opens with an introduction to the industrial context of Aalborg Industries, followed by a description of the company, its history and global footprint. In closing, the future...

  13. Industrial Applications of Accelerator Technologies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    PEFP(Proton Engineering Frontier Project) put its aim on development of high power linear proton accelerator and its beam applications. So, it has, since late 1990's, accumulated accelerator and ion source technologies, supplied beam utilization service to related industry. As of now, right after 10 year long project(PEFP), many of its low energy beam technologies seem to be successfully utilized for industrial purpose to meet the market needs, especially in improvement of production process and manufacturing performance, new substance development, etc. In this context, it is high time to carry out in-depth industrialization development on PEFP's retained ion beam technology prowess: To help them diffused profitable markets as soon as possible. So, in this work, through verification on the industrialization feasibility by experiments, it is going to get it started, with cooperation of participatory company, to enter into markets with developed technology and products

  14. 1976 Keystone coal industry manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nielsen, G.F. (ed.)

    1976-01-01

    The manual is the industry reference authority for the many diverse organizations concerned with the supply and utilization of coal in the United States and Canada. For its many other users as well, Keystone serves as a comprehensive reference to the production and distribution facilities of the coal industry and is the source of considerable data unavailable elsewhere. Some new features in the 1976 edition are: coal research projects in mining and preparation; the laboratory's role in the coal industry; new concepts requiring pollution controls; a 1975 review of scrubbers; a portfolio of preparation flowsheets; growth of the industrial market; slurry pipeline planning; a new mining capacity survey; a map of 1974 coal production by counties; and a complete listing of smaller coal mining companies.

  15. Campus/Industry Joint Ventures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Eugene J.

    1985-01-01

    Opportunities for joint economic ventures of colleges and industry are discussed, and a variety of ventures undertaken by Duke University are outlined, including a health club, hotel, and office building. Tax and financing considerations are noted. (MSE)

  16. Industry Based Survey (IBS) Yellowtail

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The "Southern New England Yellowtail Flounder Industry-Based Survey" was a collaboration between the Rhode Island Division of Fish and Wildlife and the fishing...

  17. Autonomous Industrial Mobile Manipulation (AIMM)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hvilshøj, Mads; Bøgh, Simon; Nielsen, Oluf Skov;

    2012-01-01

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to provide a review of the interdisciplinary research field Autonomous Industrial Mobile Manipulation (AIMM), with an emphasis on physical implementations and applications. Design/methodology/approach - Following an introduction to AIMM, this paper investiga......Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to provide a review of the interdisciplinary research field Autonomous Industrial Mobile Manipulation (AIMM), with an emphasis on physical implementations and applications. Design/methodology/approach - Following an introduction to AIMM, this paper......; sustainability, configuration, adaptation, autonomy, positioning, manipulation and grasping, robot-robot interaction, human-robot interaction, process quality, dependability, and physical properties. Findings - The concise yet comprehensive review provides both researchers (academia) and practitioners (industry......) with a quick and gentle overview of AIMM. Furthermore, the paper identifies key open issues and promising research directions to realize real-world integration and maturation of the AIMM technology. Originality/value - This paper reviews the interdisciplinary research field Autonomous Industrial Mobile...

  18. Industry Resource Meets Creative Originality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Nie Ting

    2010-01-01

    @@ As the most authoritative professional tournament in textile industry,China International Fabric Design Contest has been held eleven years since 1999,which is indicated of Chinese textile fabrics highest level and platforms of fabrics design.

  19. Irish medical device industry update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higgins, Sharon

    2005-12-01

    The continued growth of the Irish medical technology industry has not been accidental. The sector is proactive in its drive for excellence in all aspects of the business, from concept to commercialisation. This reports on some recent initiatives.

  20. Industrial Robots on the Line.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayres, Robert; Miller, Steve

    1982-01-01

    Explores the history of robotics and its effects upon the manufacturing industry. Topics include robots' capabilities and limitations, the factory of the future, displacement of the workforce, and implications for management and labor. (SK)

  1. Human capital in nuclear industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On June 7, 2010, as part of the Atomexpo 2010 exhibition, a round-table discussion took place on the topic Human capital in the nuclear industry: challenges and solutions. The article summarizes reports made during the meeting. Tatiana Kozhevnikova, deputy director general of the Rosatom Corporation, made a report about the strategy and best human resource management practices in member companies of the Corporation. She briefly described the state of the human capital in the Russian nuclear industry and outlined the key provisions of the human resource management strategy. Attendees to the round-table discussion elaborated further on the key statements of the report. The discussion has given an evidence that the Russian nuclear industry is giving an enormous importance to human resource management and is firmly intended on successfully tacking the issues associated with the provision of sufficient staff for the industry's safe and efficient development

  2. Opportunities in the Turfgrass Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, W. F.; Long, G. A.

    1974-01-01

    The growth and development of the turfgrass industry makes it an increasingly important source of employment for vocational agriculture students in the areas of professional and research worker, managerial occupations, landscape contractor, technical superintendents and service workers. (EA)

  3. Linux in Industrial Control Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Riesco, T

    2001-01-01

    Today the Linux operating system has become a real alternative for industrial control systems. Linux supports all layers in control systems starting with Real-Time or embedded systems for data acquisition, following with treatment, storage, communication and data adaptation, and finally, with supervision and user interfaces. In the last years the Linux development has grown being incorporated in several industrial systems demonstrating high performance, availability and stability for complex processes in chemical, automobile or petrol industries. In many of these industries Linux architectures have been tested and validated successfully. The new CERN policy supporting Linux, as well as the emergence of cheap and robust Linux solutions, motivates its implementation in our safety control and supervision systems in the near future.

  4. An Industrial THz Killer Application?

    CERN Document Server

    van Mechelen, Dook

    2015-01-01

    Terahertz technology is mature enough for large-volume sensing applications. However, Dook van Mechelen says there are a few hurdles preventing its industrial debut. THz spectroscopy has a number of advantages that point to abundant industrial applications, in areas such quality control, security and biomedical imaging. Yet despite those advantages, the search for a THz "killer application"--a novel, innovative use with a business case strong enough to bring the technology into the industrial mainstream--has remained fruitless, and even the hope of finding such an application has begun to falter. Why has a killer app for THz radiation been so elusive? And how can the road to industrial application of this versatile technology be cleared?

  5. Accountability in power industry training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Accountability in power industry training translates to the moving away from purely subjective mode in development and evaluation to a more performance-based objective orientation. The performance-based approach increases the visibility of training through the specification and publication of training goals, procedures, and outcomes. The major thrust of accountability is in actually being able to see and therefore judge how well training dollars are being spent. This change in focus which addresses the functional concerns of the industry, what training is needed, its cost, how well it works, has brought about important innovations to industry training. The innovations have taken the form of a systematic design of training which employs concepts and approaches from educational psychology, industrial psychology, and human engineering

  6. INTERNET COMMERCE IN MARITIME INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Szyda

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Internet commerce in Poland is growing rapidly, entering into new industries and of-fering a wider and wider range of goods and services. For electronic commerce is open maritime industry, as evidenced by the maritime e-commerce. This aspect of e-commerce is not a popular topic of publications and research. In this article the author presents the genesis of electronic commerce in the maritime industry taking into account the particular business relationship business-to-business (B2B. Then attempt to characterize maritime e-commerce in business-to-customer (B2C relationship. The purpose of this article is to identify the attributes of internet commerce in the maritime industry, having particular re-gard to Polish online market, especially retail.

  7. Industry sponsorship and research outcome

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundh, Andreas; Sismondo, Sergio; Lexchin, Joel;

    2012-01-01

    Clinical research affecting how doctors practice medicine is increasingly sponsored by companies that make drugs and medical devices. Previous systematic reviews have found that pharmaceutical industry sponsored studies are more often favorable to the sponsor's product compared with studies...

  8. Global Synethetic Rubber Industrial Outlook

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dr.Leon Loh

    2011-01-01

    @@ This paper is to compile and analyze the statistical data of synthetic rubber capacity and consumption to understand its impact of supply/demand on the global synthetic rubber market.Some forecasted consumption data were generated and published by the joint efforts of both IISRP(International Institute of Synthetic Rubber Producers)and IRSG(International Rubber Study group).The report also covers the observed industrial trends as well as some emerging issues in the synthetic rubber industry.

  9. SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY FOR SUSTAINABLE INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    RIZZUTO G.; BUCELLI F.; M. Sciaccaluga; AVATANEO O.

    2015-01-01

    Foundry Alfe Chem is an industrial reality working in the field of lubrication and chemical auxiliaries for industrial processes, which falls within the framework of the emerging and increasingly important «green chemistry». The goal of the company is to develop products that are more environmentally friendly by using raw materials from renewable sources; specifically, Foundry Alfe Chem has a program of self-sustainability that contemplates, for the foreseeable future, the direct production o...

  10. Empirical Investigation of Industrial Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elenko Zahariev

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper is devoted to an aspect in the sphere of management – business priorities of industrial management in XXI century. In modern times the actuality of treated problems is mainly laid into the necessities of the real management practice in industrial organizations and the need theoretical and applied knowledge to be offered to that practice which would allow it methodologically right and methodically correct to implement the corresponding changes in management of a concrete organization. Objects of analyses and evaluations are some fragmented approbations of theses using the corresponding instruments. The characteristic features of the organizations’ profiles and the persons interviewed participated in the investigation are summarized. The determining approaches for Bulgarian organizations are considered too. On the basis of the critical analyses the fundamental tasks are drawn which are inherent to contemporary industrial managers. Attention is paid to key management functions for an effective managerial process. An analysis of managers reaching the best results in industrial management is presented as well as when they are reached. Outlined are also specific peculiarities of industrial management in theRepublicofBulgariaand parameters of the level of productiveness in conditions of business globalization and priority forms in marketing of the ready product / service in XXI century. The results of the launched idea for the necessity to create a new International management architecture (NIMA are determined – structure and structure defining parameters. The results of the investigation of main business priorities in industrial management are commented as well as expected problems in the process of functioning of industrial organizations in XXI century. At the end the corresponding conclusions are made in respect to the techniques used in determining effectiveness of industrial management in Bulgarian organizations.

  11. Industrializing the liquid metal reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Commercial acceptance of the liquid metal reactor had its beginning with the Fermi reactor, over two decades ago. The pattern of industrialization since that time is discussed, contrasting domestic and foreign experience. The recent termination of the Clinch River reactor project marks a watershed in the U.S. approach towards commercialization. The increased emphasis on achieving cost competitive designs reflects an awareness that barriers to industrialization are institutional and financial, and not technological

  12. Industrial Evolution Through Complementary Convergence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frøslev Christensen, Jens

    2011-01-01

    The article addresses the dynamics through which product markets become derailed from early product life cycle (PLC)-tracks and engaged in complementary convergence with other product markets or industries. We compare and contrast the theories that can explain, respectively, the PLC and the derai....... While young ventures dominate lower-order integration, incumbents in established industries dominate higher-order integration. For both trajectories mergers and acquisitions represent a central means for realizing convergence....

  13. Celebration of China's Dairy Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bai Yifeng; Sun Yongjian

    2007-01-01

    @@ Nowadays, 2.8 million cows are bred in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, making up 20% of the country's total. It's four times of a decade ago. The two advanced cow breeding technologies, frozen sperm and manual-work fecundation, have been introduced in the whole autonomous region. The milk output of per cow has reached over 5 tons. The dairy industry has developed into the top one among the six major industries in Inner Mongolia.

  14. Marketing Communication in Pharmaceutical Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Jirků, Jitka

    2009-01-01

    Thesis - Marketing Communications in Pharmaceutical Industry - consists of two parts - theoretical and practical. The theoretical part presents the various attributes of marketing communication, together with the marketing mix. In detail, the work will focus on the 4P - product, price, distribution and marketing communication. Each of these attributes will be related to the specific environment of the pharmaceutical industry. In this section we outline the history of the pharmaceutical indust...

  15. The petroleum industry in 2003

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This 2004 edition of the petroleum industry activities presents results and data concerning the crude oil prices evolution, the petroleum exploration and production in france and in the world, the para-petroleum industry, the hydrocarbons supplies, the refining, the quality evolution of the substitution products and fuels, the internal transports of petroleum products, the petroleum products storage, the petroleum products consumption, the petroleum products prices and taxation, the petroleum products distribution. (A.L.B.)

  16. The petroleum industry in 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document provides information on the petroleum industry for the year 2005. It discusses the world gas and petroleum markets, the world and french petroleum exploration and production, the petroleum and byproducts industry in France, the hydrocarbons supplying, the refining in France, the evolution of the products and fuels substitution quality, the internal transports of petroleum products, the storage consumption and taxes of petroleum products, the prices and distribution of the petroleum products. (A.L.B.)

  17. The oil industry in 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The various contributions present and comment many data about the evolutions of different parts of the oil industry until 2006: world oil and gas markets, worldwide oil exploration and production, oil exploration and production in France, oil and oil-related industry in France, hydrocarbon supplies, oil refining in France, fuel quality, substitution fuels, inner transportation of oil products, storage of oil products, consumption of oil products, taxing of oils products, price of oil products, distribution of oil products

  18. Is Director Industry Experience Valuable?

    OpenAIRE

    von Meyerinck, Felix; Oesch, David; Schmid, Markus

    2016-01-01

    We investigate whether investor reactions to the announcement of a new outside director appointment significantly depend on the director’s experience in the appointing firm’s industry. We use a sample of 385 outside directors appointed to the board of S&P 500 companies from 2008 to 2010. Our results indicate that companies announcing the appointment of a new director with industry experience exhibit economically and statistically significantly higher announcement re-turns than companies annou...

  19. Defining Clusters of Related Industries

    OpenAIRE

    Mercedes Delgado; Porter, Michael E.; Scott Stern

    2014-01-01

    Clusters are geographic concentrations of industries related by knowledge, skills, inputs, demand, and/or other linkages. A growing body of empirical literature has shown the positive impact of clusters on regional and industry performance, including job creation, patenting, and new business formation. There is an increasing need for cluster-based data to support research, facilitate comparisons of clusters across regions, and support policymakers and practitioners in defining regional strate...

  20. Leadership for safety: industrial experience

    OpenAIRE

    Flin, R; Yule, S

    2004-01-01

    The importance of leadership for effective safety management has been the focus of research attention in industry for a number of years, especially in energy and manufacturing sectors. In contrast, very little research into leadership and safety has been carried out in medical settings. A selective review of the industrial safety literature for leadership research with possible application in health care was undertaken. Emerging findings show the importance of participative, transformational ...

  1. Knowledge-based Telecom Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Vinje, Villeman; Nordkvelde, Marius

    2011-01-01

    BI Norwegian School of Management is conducting a national research project entitled “A knowledge-based Norway”. Thirteen major knowledge-based industries in Norway are being analyzed under the auspices of the project. This study assesses the underlying properties of a global knowledge hub to examine the extent to which the Norwegian telecom industry – which encompasses all telecom firms located in Norway regardless of ownership – constitutes a global knowledge hub. It commences with a ge...

  2. Uncertainty, investment, and industry evolution

    OpenAIRE

    Caballero, Ricardo J; Robert S. Pindyck

    1992-01-01

    We study the effects of aggregate and idiosyncratic uncertainty on the entry of firms, total investment, and prices in a competitive industry with irreversible investment. We first use standard dynamic programming methods to determine firms' entry decisions, and we describe the resulting industry equilibrium and its characteristics, emphasizing the effects of different sources of uncertainty. We then show how the conditional distribution of prices can be used as an alternative means of determ...

  3. Industrial Design and Ecological Balance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan-Horia Chinda

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This work presents the direct link between the Industrial Production process of prodfucts ad the Ecological disaster we are witnessing today. The main contribution is the definition of the industrial designer's role in this process and the multiple ways the designer can influence and avoid the ecological imbalance. From the design concept to materials and processing, from packing and recycling to transportation, the author clearly defines the designer's complex involvement and offers solutions.

  4. Option compensation and industry competition

    OpenAIRE

    Wong, KP; Stoughton, NM

    2009-01-01

    Compensation policy has become one of the most important ingredients of corporate governance. In this paper we take a new look at the issue, by contrasting the use of options with that of stock. We do this by integrating the repricing or resetting aspect of options with that of industrial structure. We show that industry competition may play an important role in dictating which form of compensation is optimal. When aggressive competition for key professional staff is an issue, the flexibility...

  5. Design of Industrial Quenching Processes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Nikolai. I. KOBASKO; George .E. TOTTEN

    2004-01-01

    The method of designing industrial processes of quench cooling, in particular, the speed of the conveyor movement with regard to shape and sizes of parts to be quenched, thermal and physical properties of material and cooling capacity of quenchants has been developed. The suggested designing method and databases are the basis for the complete automation of industrial processes of quench cooling, especially for continuous conveyor lines, with the purpose of making high-strength materials. The process is controlled by infrared technique.

  6. Post-industrial-revolution HCI

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, Colin G.

    2004-01-01

    This paper argues that computing in its present state is akin to the state of manufacturing prior to the industrial revolution. It is suggested that eventually an industrial revolution will occur in programming through the use of automated program generation tools, which will allow the rapid creation of programs on-the-fly from what-needs-doing descriptions rather than the how-todo- it descriptions of traditional programming. What would interfaces to computers look like in this context, and h...

  7. The industrial pollution projection system

    OpenAIRE

    Hettige, Hemamala; Martin, Paul; Singh, Manjula; Wheeler,David R.

    1995-01-01

    The World Bank's technical assistance work with new environmental protection institutions stresses cost-effective regulation, with market-based pollution control instruments implemented wherever feasible. But few environmental protection institutions can do the benefit-cost analysis needed because they lack data on industrial emissions and abatement costs. For the time being, they must use appropriate estimates. The industrial pollution projection system (IPPS) is being developed as a compreh...

  8. Marketing Strategies in Fashion Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Čmielová, Zuzana

    2012-01-01

    The goal of this thesis is to define the fashion industry and identify the key developments that the segment has undertaken over the last two to three decades including the drivers behind these changes. Specifically, the thesis will provide insights into the financial indicators of the industry and review some of the most recent trends such as globalisation of supply chains and internationalisation of fashion retailers. The second section of the theoretical part will try to identify what are ...

  9. Pharmaceutical industry in strategic development

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    World pharmaceutical industry has been changing profoundly as it has been steadily concentrating and consolidating in the last decade. According to our survey, we may underline the intensive marketing management represents an extremely important operational and even strategic function for proper business performance and long-term strategic orientation for the world pharmaceutical companies. We may even conclude that intensive consolidation of world pharmaceutical industry is a market driven a...

  10. Are new industry policies precautionary?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Galland, Daniel; McDaniels, Timothy L

    2008-01-01

    industry characterized by risks, uncertainties, exponential growth, economic significance and environmental controversy, the outcomes of such reactive policies are generally reflected in siting criteria that yield implicit environmental and socio-economic disadvantages and trade-offs. This paper proposes....... The paper finally argues that, although in practice, policy makers generally tend to make incremental choices that are reactive to diverse issues, new industries could adopt more precautionary policies based on processes of public negotiation, analytical decision making and regional planning based...

  11. Annex 2. The cosmetics industry

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    OVERVIEW The cosmetics industry is probably among the most promising for utilisation of natural substances. The dermocosmetics market is booming and, as the use of animal-based substances declines, natural marine or plant-based substances are increasingly sought after. Scientific approach “The cosmetics industry bases a lot of its communication on natural substances. But there is genuine scientific work going on behind the fashion for environmentalism”, says Patrice André, Director of the Dio...

  12. FOOD SAFETY IN CATERING INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Cattaneo

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Catering industry plays a very important role in public health management, because about 30% of total daily meals are consumed in catering industry (restaurants, bar. In this work food safety was evaluated in 20 catering centres throughout microbiological analyses of different categories of meals. Results demonstrate that there was an important decrease of microbial contamination between 2006 and 2007, no pathogens were found in 217 samples examined: this was obtained by improving voluntary controls.

  13. Noise management of industrial parks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Senden, Virgini [HFP Acoustical Consultants Corp (Canada)], email: virgini.senden@hfpacoustical.com

    2011-07-01

    Because of industrial development, more noise-producing facilities are being built, with negative noise impacts on local residents' lives and comfort. The question raised by this paper is which way would be the best to ensure both acceptable noise impact, and efficient industrial facilities operations? The author presents two approaches: the {sup r}egional noise management plan{sup ,} adopted in Alberta, leaves the different industries present in the region in charge of noise emissions, working both together and individually to maintain acceptable noise pollution levels. The zoned industrial parks approach, in effect in the Netherlands, where industrial parks are situated within a noise zone, outside of which noise impact should be reduced to levels that do not disturb residents. Both approaches are effective, but demand a great deal of effort to achieve noise efficiency. The Alberta approach, thanks to its specificity and the collaborative work of all actors involved, facilitates continuous improvement while the Dutch approach is more rigid, but better suited to industry realities and the space that is available in the Netherlands.

  14. Central Ural towards new industrialization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yevgeny Georgievich Animitsa

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper proves the need for transition of national economy to the «new industrial modernization» model supported by the government, which able to give Russia a chance to join the ranks of the world’s largest economies. It is claimed that regionalization of industrial development will allow to create economic polycentrism in Russia. The role and importance of the Sverdlovsk region in economic development of the country are defined. Structural transformations in region industrial production, which happened on the basis of realization of industrial and modernization model of economic development are revealed. It is emphasized that structural changes represent the convergence processes. In the article, the essence of structural transformations in the regional industries, occurred during 2005-2011 is analyzed. The attention to the formation of new forms of the spatial organization of the industry is paid. It is shown that in a region space the processes of territorial polarization are increased. The creation the new modernization and innovative model for economic development of the region is offered.

  15. The Renewal of Mature Industries: An Examination of the Revival of the Dutch Beer Brewing Industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.J. Kroezen (Jochem J.)

    2014-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ Many mature industries have recently experienced a remarkable revival. Yet, other important industries appear to remain impervious to change. While the evolution of industries is an important topic in the industrial organization and organizational sociology literature,

  16. Market Report for the Industrial Sector, 2009

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sastri, Bhima [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Washington, DC (United States); Brueske, Sabine [Energetics Inc., Columbia, MD (United States); de los Reyes, Pamela [Energetics Inc., Columbia, MD (United States); Jamison, Keith [Energetics Inc., Columbia, MD (United States); Justiniano, Mauricio [Energetics Inc., Columbia, MD (United States); Margolis, Nancy [Energetics Inc., Columbia, MD (United States); Monfort, Joe [Energetics Inc., Columbia, MD (United States); Raghunathan, Anand [Energetics Inc., Columbia, MD (United States); Sabouni, Ridah [Energetics Inc., Columbia, MD (United States)

    2009-07-01

    This report provides an overview of trends in industrial-sector energy use. It focuses on some of the largest and most energy-intensive industrial subsectors and several emerging technologies that could transform key segments of industry.

  17. WCDMA and CDMA2000 Communication Industry Standards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Since the Ministry of Information Industry promulgated the Third Generation (3G) mobile communication "China Standard" TD-SCDMA as the standard for China's communication industry, the ministry has also promulgated WCDMA and CDMA2000 as industrial standards.

  18. DYNAMICS OF SOCIAL STRATIFICATION FROM INDUSTRIALISM TO POST-INDUSTRIALISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anastasiya Valerevna Slobodskaya

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In a situation of transition from industrial to post-industrial stage social structure development of society undergoes significant changes. This article discusses the new forms of social stratification, analyzes the causes of the transformation of social processes. According to the author, the changes of social processes are the result of transition to the information economy and production system. The article presents the rationale of the new forms of social stratification. Access to information and the level of professional competence are the basis of social stratification and class division. The complexity of predicting changes of class structure caused rapid updating of transition from one stage of social development to another. The analysis revealed heterogeneity and contradictory scientific views on the class structure of the post-industrial society. The author identifies and organizes the three groups of research positions of class stratification. The basis of the study carried out by the classification serves economic and value, political, scientific and technical specificity of the post-industrial society. The paper contributes to the study of the social structure in post-industrial society advances grounds to predict further transformation of the class system.

  19. Industrial Performance of the Renewable Resources Industry in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dong Zhou

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Promoting the development of renewable resources industry is an effective way to solve the problems of resources shortage and environmental pollution in China. In this paper, studies have found that “market structure” and “ownership structure”, namely “double structure”, is an important explanatory variable that affects industrial performance according to the “structure-conduct-performance” paradigm. Literature reviews have shown that large state-owned enterprises are playing an important role in improving the industrial performance because of the advantage in technology and capital. However, this paper analyzed the performance of China’s renewable resource industry from two aspects—the overall industrial development and the listed companies, from which two conclusions have drawn: (1 Above a designated size, private enterprises have the greatest contribution, while the contribution of state-owned and foreign-funded enterprises is different; (2 The main reason for the high positive growth rate of total factor productivity between 2009 and 2013 is the rapid growth of technological progress such as the improvement of production processes and manufacturing skills, rather than the promotion of management, system, or polices.

  20. Industrial Engineering : Innovative Networks - 5th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Industrial Management

    CERN Document Server

    Bogataj, Marija; Ros-McDonnell, Lorenzo

    2012-01-01

    The Spanish Conference of Industrial Engineering /Ingeniería de Organización Industrial (CIO) is an annual meeting promoted by Asociación para el Desarrollo de la Ingeniería de Organización/ Industrial Engineers Association (ADINGOR). The aim of CIO is to establish a forum for the open and free exchange of ideas, opinions and academic experiences about research, technology transfer or successful business experiences in the field of Industrial Engineering. The Scientific Committee is composed by 68 international referees and we foresee the attendance of some 200 people from more than 15 countries and following the rotation of venue and organization between various Spanish universities, the 2011 Conference will be the fifteenth National Conference and the fifth International Conference in Cartagena.   During three days the 2011 Conference will include the participation of European and other foreign countries researchers and practitioners that will presenting communications, reproduced in this volume, on ...

  1. MANAJEMEN RANTAI PASOKAN INDUSTRI FARMASI DI INDONESIA

    OpenAIRE

    Ronny H. Mustamu

    2007-01-01

    Supply Chain Management (SCM) plays a very important role in the pharmaceutical industry, especially in Indonesia, where more than 90 percent of raw materials for pharmaceutical industry are actually imported. It is known that Indonesia's pharmaceutical industry is very expensive. Government of Indonesia (GOI) is hardly managed the pharmaceutical industry due to its complexity. Too many players put its stakes in this industry. The growing industry clusters are also coloring the competition am...

  2. Advertising and Marketing in the Music Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Penev, Nikolay

    2013-01-01

    The Advertising and Marketing in the music industry dissertation is mainly engaged in marketing and advertising in the music industry. Exploring different strategies in marketing and advertising in the music industry is the main objective of the work. It browses through various branches of the music industry, and is dealing with the economics of this industry and the conditions of its development. The analysis provides a view to: • the economic conditions in the music industry in the past ...

  3. Creative industries, its critics, and some answers

    OpenAIRE

    Stuart Cunningham

    2011-01-01

    Arguments as to just what should be included under the definition of «creative industries» have limited their acceptance and the adoption of suitable policies. There are opposing analyses and statistical categories, such as the copyright industry, the content industry, the cultural industry, the digital content industry, the arts and entertainment industry, etc. that make it difficult to gather accurate, reliable, timely data on this mega-sector. Another major criticism is that «creative» wor...

  4. STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN INDUSTRI KECIL CARICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adi Permadi

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui bagaimana profil industri kecil carica di Kabupaten Wonosobo serta untuk mengetahui strategi pengembangan apa yang bisa digunakan. Variabel yang diteliti adalah profil industri yang meliputi sumber daya manusia, permodalan, teknologi, dan pemasaran. Metode analisis data yang digunakan adalah metode analisis deskriptif dan analisis SWOT. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa profil industri kecil carica di Kabupaten Wonosobo pada tahun 2014 ada 15 unit usaha. Ada beberapa prioritas strategi pengembangan yaang dilakukaan yaitu strategi SO dengan meningkatkan kualitas SDM, memanfaatkan tenaga kerja dari daerah sekitar, dan mengoptimalkan lokasi industri yang strategis. Strategi WO menyiapkan stok produk carica, mengoptimalkan produk carica, dan mengoptimalkan pelatihan dari dinas terkait. Strategi ST dengan meningkatkan kualitas ciri khas produk carica,peranan pemerintah dalam hal mengantisipasi bencana longsor di Dieng, dan melakukan inovasi produk carica. Strategi WT dengan meningkatkan kemampuan manajerial pengusaha, menaikkan harga jual produk carica, dan pada musim kemarau diganti dengan produk makanan komoditas Kabupaten Wonosobo. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, strategi yang diterapkan dalam kondisi ini adalah mendukung kebijakan yang agresif, yaitu industri kecil carica di Kabupaten Wonosobo dapat bersaing dengan produk olahan makanan jenis lainnya dari berbagai daerah dengan cara menjaga dan meningkatkan kualitas produk carica yang dihasilkan.The purpose of this study to find out the profiles of carica industries in Wonosobo regency and to determine what is the development strategy can be used. The variables in this research belongs to human resources, capital, technology, and marketing. Data analysis method used is descriptive analysis method and SWOT analysis. Based on the results of this study showed that small industrial profiles carica in Wonosobo regency in 2014 there were 15 business

  5. Towards a Globalized Software Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hannu Jaakkola

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Software Engineering (SE represents a remarkable share of the Information andCommunication Technology (ICT industry, which is an important feature of modern welldevelopedsocieties. Its importance can be seen on two levels: the industry itself and itsindirect consequences for other industries. Although the SE industry represents areasonably small share of employment (in the home country of the author, 2-3%, theindirect effects raise its economic importance to a much higher level. The role of the ICTindustry is also used as one of the Information Society (IS metrics in country comparisons.One of the leading trends of modern SE is globalization: employees represent differentnational cultures and the organizations are distributed across several countries. This paperopens the discussion on the topics worth considering when making globalization decisions.The basic hypothesis is that decisions are mainly based on economic factors. Theorganizational and cultural factors connected to these decisions are not well understood. Atthe beginning of the paper some background is introduced and the results of related studiesare listed. The paper introduces a framework that is useful in planning the globalization ofan organization. This paper focuses on the Finnish software industry; however, the sameprinciples are applicable independent of the country or nation.

  6. Systems Biology of Industrial Microorganisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papini, Marta; Salazar, Margarita; Nielsen, Jens

    The field of industrial biotechnology is expanding rapidly as the chemical industry is looking towards more sustainable production of chemicals that can be used as fuels or building blocks for production of solvents and materials. In connection with the development of sustainable bioprocesses, it is a major challenge to design and develop efficient cell factories that can ensure cost efficient conversion of the raw material into the chemical of interest. This is achieved through metabolic engineering, where the metabolism of the cell factory is engineered such that there is an efficient conversion of sugars, the typical raw materials in the fermentation industry, into the desired product. However, engineering of cellular metabolism is often challenging due to the complex regulation that has evolved in connection with adaptation of the different microorganisms to their ecological niches. In order to map these regulatory structures and further de-regulate them, as well as identify ingenious metabolic engineering strategies that full-fill mass balance constraints, tools from systems biology can be applied. This involves both high-throughput analysis tools like transcriptome, proteome and metabolome analysis, as well as the use of mathematical modeling to simulate the phenotypes resulting from the different metabolic engineering strategies. It is in fact expected that systems biology may substantially improve the process of cell factory development, and we therefore propose the term Industrial Systems Biology for how systems biology will enhance the development of industrial biotechnology for sustainable chemical production.

  7. Industrial Radiography Safety in Australia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The first applications of the imaging capability of X-rays were non-medical. Roentgen produced images of his shotgun, a compass and a set of weights in a closed box to show his colleagues. Prior to 1912, X-rays were used little outside the realms of medicine and dentistry because the X-ray tubes failed under the higher voltages required for industrial purposes. However, that changed in 1913 when high vacuum X-ray tubes designed by Coolidge became available. In 1922, industrial radiography took another step forward with the advent of the 200,000-volt X-ray tube that allowed radiographs of thick steel parts to be produced in a reasonable amount of time. In 1931 the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) permitted approval of fusion welded pressure vessels by x-ray, which promoted an acceptance and use of the method. That application continues. Radium became the initial gamma ray source for industrial radiography. The material allowed radiography of castings up to 30cm thick. During World War II, industrial radiography grew significantly as part of the US Navy's shipbuilding-program, and in 1946 gamma ray sources such as cobalt 60 and iridium 192 became available. These new sources gained rapid popularity because they emitted more intense radiation than radium and were less expensive. Present state: the majority of industrial radiography techniques have changed little since their inception. An image is captured, processed and analysed for evidence of fault or defect. Today however, the images are of higher quality and greater sensitivity, through the use of better quality films, smaller radiation sources and automated processing. Developments in electronics and computers now allow technicians to create a digital image, enhance it, transmit it or store it indefinitely. The most noticeable change in industrial radiography equipment from the technician's view would be the reduction in weight of the equipment for a given kV output. Never the less it remains

  8. State, Institutions and Industrial Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Laurids Sandager

    to 1991 (Chapters 10, 11 and 12). Part III investigates the three above-mentioned industrial upgrading and deepening policies in Taiwan covering generic policies as well sectoral policies along the petrochemical-plastic production chain (Chapters 13-16). The final Chapter 17 targets the underlying macro...... and on the other hand competition from innovators in the advanced capitalist countries. To climb onwards to higher income levels they must deepen and upgrade their industries. The dissertation is based on the assumption that this transition from low to high value-added activities does not take place ‘automatically......' as a result of the working of market forces or of the choices and activities of transnational companies. Hence it examines the role of the state in such late-industrial transformation processes in Taiwan and Thailand. Most scholars have dealt with this issue from the perspective of trade and have studied...

  9. State, Institutions and Industrial Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Laurids Sandager

    to 1991 (Chapters 10, 11 and 12). Part III investigates the three above-mentioned industrial upgrading and deepening policies in Taiwan covering generic policies as well sectoral policies along the petrochemical-plastic production chain (Chapters 13-16). The final Chapter 17 targets the underlying macro...... and on the other hand competition from innovators in the advanced capitalist countries. To climb onwards to higher income levels they must deepen and upgrade their industries. The dissertation is based on the assumption that this transition from low to high value-added activities does not take place ‘automatically......’ as a result of the working of market forces or of the choices and activities of transnational companies. Hence it examines the role of the state in such late-industrial transformation processes in Taiwan and Thailand. Most scholars have dealt with this issue from the perspective of trade and have studied...

  10. Integrated rural industrialization through biogas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Role of biogas in rural industrialization in India is explained. The Khadi and Village Industries Commission has installed over 2 lakhs (0.2 million) biogas plants during the last 30 years. A 15 cu.m. capacity plant costs Rs. 35,000/-. It produces 65 tons bio-manure worth Rs. 13,000/- in a year and fuel gas equivalent to 3,285 litres of kerosene worth Rs. 9855/-. It provides employment to 300 man days. In addition to serving as a source of energy and manure, it reduces deforestation, solves rural sanitation problem and maintain environmental equilibrium. Industrial activities suitable for rural areas and which can use biogas as a source of power are indicated. (M.G.B.)

  11. Successful Industry/Academia Cooperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stoustrup, Jakob

    2013-01-01

    The control literature is rich on impressive applications of advanced control, and within almost any industrial sector there are numerous examples of successful advanced control applications. Nevertheless, there is a widespread belief that there is still a wide potential for increased cooperation...... by less complex but industrially feasible solutions. The proposed approach is illustrated by three case studies of successful industrial/academic cooperation....... for such a framework based on elaborate experience are proposed. In particular, the paper points to the importance of designing projects with project time explicitly scheduled for a phase based on reflection of complex academic solutions. In this phase, the objective is to mimic the behavior of the complex controllers...

  12. Industrial applications of electron accelerators

    CERN Document Server

    Cleland, M R

    2006-01-01

    This paper addresses the industrial applications of electron accelerators for modifying the physical, chemical or biological properties of materials and commercial products by treatment with ionizing radiation. Many beneficial effects can be obtained with these methods, which are known as radiation processing. The earliest practical applications occurred during the 1950s, and the business of radiation processing has been expanding since that time. The most prevalent applications are the modification of many different plastic and rubber products and the sterilization of single-use medical devices. Emerging applications are the pasteurization and preservation of foods and the treatment of toxic industrial wastes. Industrial accelerators can now provide electron energies greater than 10 MeV and average beam powers as high as 700 kW. The availability of high-energy, high-power electron beams is stimulating interest in the use of X-rays (bremsstrahlung) as an alternative to gamma rays from radioactive nuclides.

  13. Steel Industry Energy Bandwidth Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2004-10-01

    ITP conducted a study on energy use and potential savings, or "bandwidth" study, in major steelmaking processes. Intended to provide a realistic estimate of the potential amount of energy that can be saved in an industrial process, the "bandwidth" refers to the difference between the amount of energy that would be consumed in a process using commercially available technology versus the minimum amount of energy needed to achieve those same results based on the 2nd law of thermodynamics. The Steel Industry Energy Bandwidth Study (PDF 133 KB) also estimates steel industry energy use in the year 2010, and uses that value as a basis for comparison against the minimum requirements. This energy savings opportunity for 2010 will aid focus on longer term R&D.

  14. Partnerships in Nordic Building Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    , the functioning of specific partnering tools, knowledge management, training etc. Whereas the growth of partnering in all of the Nordic construction industries has developed from inspiration from the UK, and from other Nordic countries, it is the overall impression that partnering is interpreted, implemented......The project had two main objectives. The first was to establish a Nordic network of people and organisations interested in partnerships and partnering in the building industry in order to facilitate the exchange of experiences and new ideas. This objective was met through a series of workshops......, an identification of different approaches and types of partner-ships in the Nordic, and a description of their main characteristics. Moreover the national case studies in the five Nordic countries analysed different aspects of partnering and partnerships in Nordic building industry such as life cycle aspects...

  15. Industrial accelerators and their applications

    CERN Document Server

    Hamm, Marianne E

    2012-01-01

    This unique new book is a comprehensive review of the many current industrial applications of particle accelerators, written by experts in each of these fields. Readers will gain a broad understanding of the principles of these applications, the extent to which they are employed, and the accelerator technology utilized. The book also serves as a thorough introduction to these fields for non-experts and laymen. Due to the increased interest in industrial applications, there is a growing interest among accelerator physicists and many other scientists worldwide in understanding how accelerators are used in various applications. The government agencies that fund scientific research with accelerators are also seeking more information on the many commercial applications that have been or can be developed with the technology developments they are funding. Many industries are also doing more research on how they can improve their products or processes using particle beams.

  16. Landscape evaluation in industrial areas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the North-East of Estonia, the landscape is contrasting: different natural and man-made landforms exist together. In this area, oil shale mining and processing have essentially changed the landscape, and as a result, different man-made industrial landscape forms have come into being. The attitude of local inhabitants towards the heritage of oil shale industry has been traditionally negative. Nevertheless, the artificial 'mountainous' and 'hilly' relief offers also a positive effect, having some expressive image in the background of the natural plain landscape forms. For protection of cultural landscapes from damages, 32 landscapes that are more valuable were selected, whereat the historical, cultural, natural, recreational, aesthetic, scientific, etc. factors were taken into account. In the future the status of industrial landscapes needs a more exact defining,and special means must be worked out to protect and manage those valuable cultural areas. (author)

  17. Towards a sustainable industrial system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Evans, Steve; Gregory, Mike; Ryan, Chris;

    Our industrial system has been responsible for raising the quality of life of peoples around the world. It is becoming increasingly clear however, that the current system is creating unintended and serious consequences for the environment at a global level. Change on a significant scale is required...... urgently. Some businesses are already engaged in reducing their impact through the introduction of new products, processes and business models. Academics concerned with the industrial system have a responsibility to study these emerging models, to interact with them and to synthesise and spread...... the knowledge. Whilst it is important to address the impact of each product of the industrial system and to pursue aggressive reduction of the effects of specific activities, we must also examine the operation of the whole system. Only in this way can we hope to bring the benefits of industrialisation to those...

  18. Design in new industrial contexts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Morelli, Nicola

    2005-01-01

    The output of industrial process is becoming more and more complex as a result of saturation of markets and the fine segmentation of the demand, which follows the multiplication of needs, lifestyles and behaviours. Services addressing such needs, are replacing material products as an object...... of exchange in modern markets. This context is addressing industrial production towards new models, characterised by highly personalised and localised solutions, to be developed by a network of actors, rather than a single company. New solution oriented partnerships (SOP) need to be created, involving...... and localised solutions should be expressed according to an industrial logic. The cooperation, within the production system of companies, local actors and even users may address this problem, however the industrialisation of such solutions is a methodological approach that has not yet generated an appropriate...

  19. Color metasurfaces in industrial perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højlund-Nielsen, Emil; Kristensen, Anders

    This doctoral thesis describes the utilization of color metasurfaces in an industrial perspective, where nano-scale textures and contingent post processing replace inks, dyes and pigments in plastic production. The concept of colors by structure arguably reduces the number of raw materials......, exemplified in silicon. However, only corresponding faint colors appear in polymeric materials. The concept of all-polymer pigment-free coloration seems somewhat restricted in relation to widespread industrial employment. Finally, a novel plasmon color technology for structural coloration in plastics......, and it is shown that the dependence on polarization can be controlled. In collaboration with industry, polymer-based colored metasurfaces of square-centimeter size are demonstrated by embossing, injection molding, roll-to-roll printing, and film insert molding with full compatibility. Furthermore, post production...

  20. Petroleum refining industry in China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The oil refining industry in China has faced rapid growth in oil imports of increasingly sour grades of crude with which to satisfy growing domestic demand for a slate of lighter and cleaner finished products sold at subsidized prices. At the same time, the world petroleum refining industry has been moving from one that serves primarily local and regional markets to one that serves global markets for finished products, as world refining capacity utilization has increased. Globally, refined product markets are likely to experience continued globalization until refining investments significantly expand capacity in key demand regions. We survey the oil refining industry in China in the context of the world market for heterogeneous crude oils and growing world trade in refined petroleum products.

  1. EVOLUTIONS IN GLOBAL AUTOMOBILES INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viorel Pop

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper is a brief overview of the evolution of the global automotive industry during the 20th century, with reference to the main manufacturers, oil crises of 1970-1980, and also the global financial and economic crisis that began in 2008. The analyzed period covers the rise of the Asian Continent, beginning with Japan, then South Korea and more recently the emerging countries: China and India. What was predicted 20-25 years ago, became reality: Asia becomes the economic centre of the world, surpassing unexpectedly fast even the Euro-Atlantic area. Regarding Romania, the revival delay of the automobiles industry, led to the loss of the trucks and bus industry, and after a much awaited rehabilitation of car production, this has stuck now at an unsatisfactory level.

  2. Forging Industry-Academic Alliances

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph M. Woodside

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available With ever increasing amounts of data, organizations are identifying the importance of Business Intelligence (BI and Analytics for decision making. However in order to realize the full potential of these technologies, organizations require well-trained and educated management and analytic subject matter experts to transform the data and results into actionable information for decisions. In order to meet this demand for analytical talent, a Center for Business Intelligence and Analytics (CBIA housed within the university seeks to develop knowledge and skills vital in the fast changing field of business, through developing the next generation of managers and analysts with skills in decision-making through use of analytical techniques. This presentation provides the strategic framework for the definition and development of a CBIA and framework for joint academic and industry collaboration to develop the next generation of industry experts. The core components including industry demand, alliance objectives including objectives, curriculum and talent requirements, and opportunities.

  3. Industrial parks as an innovative vector of industrial production development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malyuta, Lyudmyla Yaroslavivna

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The urgent problem of industrial parks foundation and their activity organization as an innovative structure to provide industrial production and business development has been considered. Etymological role of industrial parks under present economic conditions, preconditions and main stages of their creation in Ukraine have been described. It’s mentioned that the mechanism of industrial parks foundation as a business development instrument provides the customers number increase, markets extension, partnership building and development. The main subjects of the above-mentioned innovative formation, fundamental and competitive features of IP, conditions and advantages of every project participant investing have been determined. A model of managerial decision making about IP foundation has been built. Key factors of success and efficiency of the above-mentioned entrepreneurship structures have been determined. Law basis, possible financing and state support conditions of IP have been analyzed. Some examples of their foundation in certain regions of Ukraine have been considered. Advantages and disadvantages of these innovative structures have been determined.

  4. Mechatronics ideas for industrial application

    CERN Document Server

    Szewczyk, Roman; Trojnacki, Maciej; Kaliczyńska, Małgorzata

    2015-01-01

    This book presents recent advances and developments in control, automation, robotics, and measuring techniques. It presents contributions of top experts in the fields, focused on both theory and industrial practice. The particular chapters present a deep analysis of a specific technical problem which is in general followed by a numerical analysis and simulation, and results of an implementation for the solution of a real world problem. The presented theoretical results, practical solutions and guidelines will be useful for both researchers working in the area of engineering sciences and for practitioners solving industrial problems.  

  5. Panorama 2010: The transport industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Following the financial crisis of late 2008, the transport industry is probably one of the sectors to be hardest hit by the ensuing worldwide economic crisis. Businesses have failed, earnings gone into free fall and employees have been put on furlough or laid off during the past twelve months. This report will examine the state of the freight transport and motor vehicle industries in which new dynamics are emerging after a year of sluggish business activity: a new landscape, new players and new technologies. (author)

  6. Natural photonics for industrial inspiration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Andrew R

    2009-05-13

    There are two considerations for optical biomimetics: the diversity of submicrometre architectures found in the natural world, and the industrial manufacture of these. A review exists on the latter subject, where current engineering methods are considered along with those of the natural cells. Here, on the other hand, I will provide a modern review of the different categories of reflectors and antireflectors found in animals, including their optical characterization. The purpose of this is to inspire designers within the $2 billion annual optics industry.

  7. Electric power industry in China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zisheng Jiang [Ministry of Electric Power, Beijing (China). Bureau of Electric Power Machinery

    1995-07-01

    This document presents the status of the electric power in China, highlighting the following aspects: recent achievement, electricity increased sharing in the total energy consumption, technical economic indexes, nuclear power, renewable energy sources, rural electrification, transmission and power network, transmission lines and substations, present status and development trends for power network, regulation of power system dispatching, power system communication. The document also presents the future developing plan, approaching the outlook and strategy, development targets of the electric power industry and the administrative system reforming of the electric power industry.

  8. The petroleum industry in 2002

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document presents the petroleum industry situation in 2002 on the following topics: the evolution of the crude oil prices, the world petroleum exploration and production, the french petroleum exploration and production, the para-petroleum industry, the supplies in hydrocarbons, the refining, the evolution of the products quality and the substitution fuels, the internal transportation of petroleum products, the petroleum products storage and the crisis management, the petroleum products consumption, the taxation of the petroleum products, the prices of the petroleum products, the distribution of the petroleum products. (A.L.B.)

  9. Tangible Interaction in Industrial Plants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Mads Vedel

    With this dissertation, I answer the overall research question, which has been my focus through my research activities: How can interaction designers design user interfaces that invite, and allow interaction based on skilled practice in industrial contexts? My assumption is that the rapid invasion...... of technological solutions in industry has happened without respect for, and at cost of the skilled practice of operators and technicians. Under the heading “Tangible Interaction” I have answered the question through the work with three sub-questions: What is the nature of skills, what constitutes skilled practice...

  10. Saudi Arabia: petroleum industry review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A comprehensive review is provided of Saudi Arabia's petroleum industry covering oil and gas exploration and production, refining, oil and gas trade, marketing and Saudi overseas investments. Profiles of key Saudi decision makers are provided. A statistical appendix includes data from the start of oil production in Saudi Arabia in 1938. Part I Geological potential; Part II The Saudi energy economy; Part III Production capacity; Part IV The oil refining sector ; Part V Exports and logistics; Part VI Overseas petroleum industry investments; Part VII The decision makers; Part VIII Statistical Appendix; Reserves, Production, Exports, Prices 1950 to 1999. (Author)

  11. Calorimetry at industrial electron accelerators

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Miller, Arne; Kovacs, A.

    1985-01-01

    Calorimetry is a convenient way to measure doses at industrial electron accelerators, where high absorbed doses (1-100 kGy) are delivered at dose rates of 102-105 Gy s-1 or even higher. Water calorimeters have been used for this purpose for several years, but recently other materials such as grap......Calorimetry is a convenient way to measure doses at industrial electron accelerators, where high absorbed doses (1-100 kGy) are delivered at dose rates of 102-105 Gy s-1 or even higher. Water calorimeters have been used for this purpose for several years, but recently other materials...

  12. Protection of industrial power systems

    CERN Document Server

    DAVIES, T

    2006-01-01

    The protection which is installed on an industrial power system is likely to be subjected to more difficult conditions than the protection on any other kind of power system. Starting with the many simple devices which are employed and covering the whole area of industrial power system protection, this book aims to help achieve a thorough understanding of the protection necessary.Vital aspects such as the modern cartridge fuse, types of relays, and the role of the current transformer are covered and the widely used inverse definite-minimum time overcurrent relay, the theory of the M

  13. Industry turns its attention south

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper discusses the outlook for the gas and oil industries in the Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Significant foreign investment continues to elude Russia's oil and gas industry, so the Caspian nations of Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan are picking up the slack, welcoming the flow of foreign capital to their energy projects. Separate evaluations are given for Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Moldova, Tajikstan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia

  14. Industrial thermal insulation: an assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Donnelly, R.G.; Tennery, V.J.; McElroy, D.L.; Godfrey, T.G.; Kolb, J.O.

    1976-03-01

    A large variety of thermal insulation materials is manufactured for application in various temperature ranges and environments. Additional and improved thermal insulation for steam systems is a key area with immediate energy conservation potential in several of the larger energy-consuming industries. Industrial thermal insulation technology was assessed by obtaining input from a variety of sources including insulation manufacturers, system designers, installers, users, consultants, measurement laboratories, open literature, and in-house knowledge. The assessment identified a number of factors relevant to insulation materials and usage that could contribute significantly to improved energy conservation.

  15. Industrial Biotechnology: Discovery to Delivery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chotani, Gopal K.; Dodge, Timothy C.; Gaertner, Alfred L.; Arbige, Michael V.

    Fermentation products have penetrated almost every sector of our daily lives. They are used in ethical and generic drugs, clinical and home diagnostics, defense products, nutritional supplements, personal care products, food and animal feed ingredients, cleaning and textile processing, and in industrial applications such as fuel ethanol production. Even before knowing about the existence of microorganisms, for thousands of years ancient people routinely used them for making cheese, soy sauces, yogurt, and bread. Although humans have used fermentation as the method of choice for manufacturing for a long time, it is only now being recognized for its potential towards sustainable industrial development.

  16. TERRORISM IMPACT ON INSURANCE INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liviu UZLAU

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Terrorism is a more and more discussed topic. All over the world common people and experts talk about victims, casualties and physical damage. What about economic effects? Not only in terms of costs, but also regarding how terrorist acts affect different branches of the economy. Before 2001, September 11th insurance industry did not think about taking into consideration terrorist risk and assess them accordingly. In financial terms, does this industry gain or lose? In the following work a few issues regarding these questions might be answered.

  17. Industrial applications of laser diagnostics

    CERN Document Server

    Deguchi, Yoshihiro

    2011-01-01

    Tighter regulations of harmful substances such as NOx, CO, heavy metals, particles, emissions from commercial plants and automobiles reflect a growing demand for lowering the anthropogenic burdens on the environment. It is equally important to monitor controlling factors to improve the operation of industrial machinery and plants. Among the many methods for doing this, laser diagnostics stands out. Taking a practical approach, Industrial Applications of Laser Diagnostics discusses how to apply laser diagnostics to engines, gas turbines, thermal and chemical plant systems, and disposal faciliti

  18. Ozone Applications in Food Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elif Savaş

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Known as active oxygen Ozone (O3, are among the most effective antimicrobials. The sun's ultraviolet rays and ozone caused by electric arcs of lightning occurring instantly around the world, and is available as a protective shield protects the animals against the effects of the sun's radiation. In the food industry, directly or indirectly in contact with food during processing of foods and chemical treatment of water disinfection bacteriological emerges as an alternative protection method. In this study, the effects of the ozone applications will evaluated as an alternative to conventional disinfectants in food industry.

  19. Representasi Perempuan dalam Industri Sinema

    OpenAIRE

    Rahmat Edi Irawan

    2014-01-01

    Studies on the presence and the role of women in film industry are interesting to observe. Physically, women exist and play role in the world of film industry, as old as the film itself. In terms of quantity, the number of women seen on screen is also not inferior to men seen in the film. The issue is precisely whether the presence and nearly with the same quantity with men, women are enough to give meaning to the quality of the film itself. Article used literature study, to see how the liter...

  20. Women in the Hotel and Catering Industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hotel and Catering Training Board, Wembley (England).

    A study of the employment of women in the hotel and catering industry indicated that the industry employs nearly 17 percent of the entire paid female work force in the United Kingdom. Women constitute 75 percent of the industry's work force, and 47 percent of its managers are women. Women's position in the industry is characterized by their…