WorldWideScience

Sample records for barreiro jonatan ruiz

  1. Ruiz Volcano: Preliminary report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz Volcano, Colombia (4.88°N, 75.32°W). All times are local (= GMT -5 hours).An explosive eruption on November 13, 1985, melted ice and snow in the summit area, generating lahars that flowed tens of kilometers down flank river valleys, killing more than 20,000 people. This is history's fourth largest single-eruption death toll, behind only Tambora in 1815 (92,000), Krakatau in 1883 (36,000), and Mount Pelée in May 1902 (28,000). The following briefly summarizes the very preliminary and inevitably conflicting information that had been received by press time.

  2. PABLO RUIZ PICASSO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvaro López Pardo

    1984-11-01

    Full Text Available

    Muchos de nuestros amables lectores nos han preguntado acerca de la portada del número anterior, en la cual presentamos un cuadro poco conocido de Pablo Ruiz Picasso. Su estilo clásico sorprendió a quienes están acostumbrados a reconocer el arte del genio español en las "Demoiselles D'Avignon" o en "Guernica".

    Por eso hemos decidido dar algunas explicaciones al respecto del cuadro y profundizar un poco en la vida del artista, sin las pretensiones de tratar el tema exhaustivamente, pues sería, como lo ha sido una tarea muy larga y para manos de expertos.
    El cuadro "Ciencia y Caridad", fue pintado por Picasso en 1897, es decir a la edad de 16 años y con él recibió una mención honorífica en Madrid. En un lecho pobre se ve a la enferma demacrada, que refleja en sus ojos, no sólo su gran debilidad, sino la tristeza de dejar -a su pequeño hijo. A su lado se encuentra la Ciencia, representada por el médico, preocupado por los síntomas de la paciente y por su curación. No parece prestar atención a lo que pasa
    al otro lado de la cama, en donde una rubicunda religiosa, que representa la Caridad, extiende a la enferma un poco de alimento y mantiene en brazos al pequeño, quien, sin comprender el drama, se aferra a la monja. la cual, parece estar cumpliendo su deber sólo como una parte de su rutina. Hay que anotar que el modelo para la figura del médico fue el mismo padre de Picasso. El planteamiento del cuadro es sencillo, su tratamiento y composición clásicos, sin duda es una bella obra, que sorprende en un muchacho de la corta edad a que lo realizó el autor.

    ¿Qué había sucedido en la vida de Picasso antes de realizar esta obra, y qué pasó después? Vale la pena describirlo...

    -

  3. Juan Ruiz político

    OpenAIRE

    Georges Martin

    2007-01-01

    Más bien que en la vida amorosa del Arcipreste de Hita, de la que no sabemos nada, quizá tengamos que ver en el importantísimo conflicto con incidencias dinásticas virtualmente devastadoras entre María de Portugal, la mujer legítima de Alfonso XI, y Leonor de Guzmán, su concubina oficial, o, si se quiere, en el “loco amor” del rey y en el partido (el de María) que –sugiero- escogió Juan Ruiz, la causa del encarcelamiento del autor del Libro de buen amor. También se comprendería que dicho cont...

  4. Juan Ruiz político

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georges Martin

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Más bien que en la vida amorosa del Arcipreste de Hita, de la que no sabemos nada, quizá tengamos que ver en el importantísimo conflicto con incidencias dinásticas virtualmente devastadoras entre María de Portugal, la mujer legítima de Alfonso XI, y Leonor de Guzmán, su concubina oficial, o, si se quiere, en el “loco amor” del rey y en el partido (el de María que –sugiero- escogió Juan Ruiz, la causa del encarcelamiento del autor del Libro de buen amor. También se comprendería que dicho contexto haya dado lugar a una obra que, tan ortodoxa en su sententia como genialmente paradójica en su littera, no tergiversa sobre los fundamentos a la vez sociales y espirituales del “buen amor” como tampoco se muestra muy propicia a la realeza tal y como la encarnaba entonces Alfonso XI de Castilla.Plutôt que dans la vie amoureuse de l’Archiprêtre de Hita, dont nous ne savons rien, peut-être faudrait-il voir dans le grave conflit aux incidences dynastiques virtuellement dévastatrices qui opposa Marie de Portugal, femme légitime d’Alphonse XI, et Aliénor de Guzmán, sa concubine officielle, ou, si l’on veut, dans le « fol amour » du roi et dans le parti (celui de Marie que choisit –je le suggère– Juan Ruiz, la cause de l’emprisonnement de l’auteur du Libro de buen amor. L’on comprendrait aussi que ce contexte ait donné lieu à une œuvre qui, aussi orthodoxe dans sa sententia que génialement paradoxale dans sa littera, ne tergiverse nullement sur les fondements sociaux et spirituels du « bon amour » mais ne se montre pas non plus favorable à une royauté telle que l’incarne alors Alphonse XI de Castille.

  5. In Memoriam doctor Hernando de Macedo Ruiz (1925-2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irma Franke

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Celso Hernando De Macedo Ruiz nació en Lima el 16 de marzo de 1925 en la familia formada por don Celso De Macedo Pastor y doña Aurora Ruiz de De Macedo. Fue el mayor de tres hermanos, dos de los cuales, Humfredo y Elia, le sobreviven. Fue nieto del médico Dr. Carlos Molares Macedo, segundo Director del Museo de Historia Natural (1938 a 1946 y también catedrático de Biología General en la Facultad de Ciencias de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos (Aguilar 1998b.

  6. A EXPRESSÃO CULTURAL COMO ALTERNATIVA ECONÔMICA PARA O MUNICÍPIO DE SÃO JOSÉ DO BARREIRO: UM ESTUDO DE POSSIBILIDADES

    OpenAIRE

    Gutlich, George Rembrandt

    2016-01-01

    O assunto do presente artigo se centra na questão cultural comopossibilidade econômica de turismo sustentável no município de SãoJosé do Barreiro e como proposta se ocupa de apresentar basesalternativas para o desenvolvimento de uma microrregião situada noVale do Paraíba Paulista denominada “ Vale histórico”, tendo porepicentro a cidade em questão. Como estudo de caso reporta-se a umaação da Universidade de Taubaté e apoiada pelo Programa deMestrado Acadêmico em Planejamento e desenvolvimento...

  7. Mamíferos (Chordata: Mammalia florestais de médio e grande porte registrados em Barreiro Rico, Anhembi, Estado de São Paulo. Mammals (Chordata: Mammalia recorded in Barreiro Rico, state of São Paulo, Southeastern Brazil.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexsander Zamorano ANTUNES

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho visa ao levantamentoda riqueza e abundância relativa das espécies demamíferos de médio e grande porte encontradasem um fragmento de Floresta EstacionalSemidecidual, localizado em Barreiro Rico,município de Anhembi, Estado de São Paulo.Foram amostradas trilhas e estradas no interiore no entorno do fragmento. As espécies foramdetectadas através de visualizações, vocalizações,carcaças e rastos. Foram registradas 30 espécies,sete delas ameaçadas de extinção no estado.A riqueza encontrada foi similar à obtida emcomparação à outras cinco reservas estaduais.Entretanto, a composição de espécies diferiu entreessas áreas, devido a fatores biogeográficos e àsdiferenças na intensidade dos processos defragmentação florestal e de caça. Para conservar amastofauna de Barreiro Rico é necessária afiscalização para coibir a caça e ações de manejo,visando ao aumento da área florestal disponível eà prevenção da degradação da vegetação.This study presents the medium and largesized mammal species recorded in a semideciduousforest fragment of 1,451 ha, located in BarreiroRico (22º 45’ S and 48º 09’ W, Anhembi, in thestate of São Paulo, Southeastern Brazil. Trails androads were sampled inside the fragment and in theedges. The mammals were recorded through sight,vocalizations, carcasses and tracks. We recordedthirty species, seven threatened in São Paulo.Compared with another five forests, Barreiro Ricoshowed similar species richness. However,the species composition differs between areas, dueto biogeographic factors and differentiated impactsof forest fragmentation and hunting. To conservethe diverse Barreiro Rico mammalian fauna, it isnecessary efficient control of hunting and urgentmanagement, aiming to enlarge the fragment areaand prevent the gradual vegetation deterioration.

  8. EFRAIM OTERO RUIZ. Historiador y Literato

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adolfo De Francisco Zea

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Agradezco al señor Presidente de la Academia Nacional de Medicina, doctor Juan Mendoza-Vega y a la Junta Directiva de la Corporación el privilegio que me han concedido al designarme como uno de los oradores que llevarán la palabra en esta noche en la Sesión Solemne de la Academia en que se rinde un homenaje de afecto, de admiración y de respeto a la memoria de un ilustre académico, el doctor Efraím Otero Ruiz, recientemente fallecido.

    La parábola vital del académico Otero Ruiz, plena en realizaciones en diversos campos de la cultura como la medicina, la poesía, la literatura y la historia servirá como ejemplo de dedicación, de trabajo y esfuerzo a las generaciones venideras. Su manera de ser alegre y seria, desenfadada y siempre generosa en la amistad, su polifacética personalidad y su talento son luces inextingibles que en el tiempo que nos quede por vivir acompañarán cercanas y afectuosas a los que tuvimos el privilegio y la fortuna de conocerlo y de tratarlo.

    Intentaré en el corto tiempo de que dispongo destacar algunos aspectos de la vida y ejecutorias del notable doctor que presentan a los ojos de los lectores de sus obras interrogantes que demandan respuestas tentativas: cómo encontrar, por ejemplo, el título acertado de un libro o un poema? Cuál podría ser la explicación de su impulso inconsciente para escribir con innegable propiedad sobre temas que en los terrenos de la ciencia demandan una cierta frialdad del intelecto y en los procesos que requieren la calidez de la emoción piden también respuestas definidas?

    Conservo con afecto la nota escrita de su propia mano con su letra pequeña e inconfundible en la que me invitaba a escribir el prólogo de su libro de cuentos y relatos "Cuasi una fantasía" (2005, título inspirado en el nombre que dió Beethoven a una de sus más bellas composiciones musicales, la Sonata para piano en do sostenido menor, Opus 27, número 2, escrita en 1801 y dedicada

  9. Genetic diversity and morphological characterization of half-sib families of Heliconia bihai L., H. chartacea Lane ex Barreiros, and H. wagneriana Peterson.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, F R A; Moraes Filho, R M; Martins, L S S; Montarroyos, A V V; Loges, V

    2016-06-20

    The Neotropical Heliconia genus contains highly diversified plants and up to 220 species have been reported from the north of Mexico to the South of Brazil. Heliconia are cultivated as ornamental garden plants and as cut flowers. All species can be propagated by seeds or vegetatively, through rhizomes. Depending on the species, an individual plant can spread and form large clonal populations. H. bihai L., H. chartacea Lane ex Barreiros, and H. wagneriana Petersen are among the most cultivated Heliconia species. However, they still have undesirable characteristics that could be improved for the international market. This study aimed to characterize 15 half-sib families originating from commercial cultivations, by morphological and molecular markers. The genetic diversity (ĤE), considering all individuals of the three species was 0.103. For H. bihai half-sib families, the value of ĤE was 0.242, showing high genetic diversity. The ĤE value for H. chartacea was 0.068, indicating low genetic diversity. All individuals of H. wagneriana showed the same band patterns, suggesting that the two parental plants were propagated vegetatively from the same plant and may have undergone some endogamic crossings. These results showed that molecular characterization can differentiate individuals closely related as half-siblings for H. bihai and H. chartacea, despite the low variation observed with morphological descriptors. The high genetic diversity observed in H. bihai half-sibling genotypes can provide valuable resources for breeding programs.

  10. Researcher Profile: An Interview with Jorge Ruiz-Menjivar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Ruiz-Menjivar

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Jorge Ruiz-Menjivar is originally from San Salvador, El Salvador, but has had the privilege to live in several Latin American countries (e.g., Nicaragua, Costa Rica, among others, and to travel through many other regions in the world. He obtained a Bachelor’s degree in Accounting at the University of New Orleans-Louisiana State University. Then, he went on to earn a Master’s degree in Personal and Family Financial Planning at the University of Florida under the supervision of Drs. Michael S. Gutter and Martie Gillen. Recently, Jorge finished his Doctoral degree in Financial Planning, Housing and Consumer Economics from the University of Georgia under the supervision of Drs. John E. Grable and George Engelhard, Jr.

  11. Análise das caracteristicas quantitativas e qualitativas da microbacia do córrego barreiro, afluente do Rio Uberaba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Luiz Rodrigues Torres

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available A associação de métodos qualitativos e quantitativos no estudo das microbacias hidrográficas é fundamental para investigar os fatores que influenciam as diversas formas de relevo e identificação das homogeneidades na área. Com os objetivos de realizar a morfometria e avaliar a qualidade da água da microbacia do córrego do Barreiro, fez-se a caracterização morfométrica da área, que foi realizada sobre uma carta topográfica do IBGE (Folha Uberaba na escala 1:100.000, com o auxílio de curvímetros, planímetros e programa computacional AutocadMap2000i. Observou-se que a microbacia possui área total de 10,97 km², perímetro de 14,33 km, com comprimento do canal principal de 6,11 km e rede de drenagem de 3ª ordem, com padrão dendrítico; o Kc de 1,21; Ic de 0,76; e Kf de 0,23 indicam o formato alongado da microbacia, o que determina a não propensão a enchentes na área; a área tem aptidão para a pecuária; a água do córrego estava imprópria para consumo humano e animal devido estar contaminada com coliformes fecais no período avaliado.

  12. Biographical Sketches from Interviews Conducted by Lourdes Ruiz, Teacher, Dulce Elementary School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pono, Filomena P., Comp.

    Eight biographical sketches of some Jicarilla Apache and Spanish American people who live and work in Dulce, New Mexico are given. These sketches contain brief descriptions of the lives of Jose Gabriel Abeyta, Cevero Caramillo, Chon LaBrier, Espeedie Garcia Ruiz, Raleigh Tafoya, Norman Tecube, Hubert Velarde, and Henry "Buster" L. Vicenti. At the…

  13. Interview to Ronald Fernando Garcia Ruiz, lead scientist COLLAPS experiment, ISOLDE

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    Interview to Ronald Fernando Garcia Ruiz, lead scientist COLLAPS experiment, ISOLDE, on the occasion of the publication on Nature of the high precision measurement by the COLLAPS collaboration of the shift in energy of the electrons sorrounding the Calcium 52 nucleus, depending on the neutron number of the Calcium isotopes.

  14. Casa comercial Uribe Ruiz Hermanos 1894 – 1916. El caso de una empresa familiar en Antioquia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana María Mesa Bedoya

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available En el texto se describe el funcionamiento de la casa comercial Uribe Ruiz Hermanos que operó en Rionegro, Medellín y Manizales, localidades antioqueñas, desde 1894 hasta 1916. En Colombia desde medidos de siglo XIX las oportunidades para incrementar el comercio de exportación de materias primas e importación de manufacturas aumentaron. Antioquia fue una de las regiones más dinámicas del país en cuanto al desarrollo de relaciones comerciales e integración de mercados locales con centros urbanos gracias al comercio. Pedro y Estanislao Uribe Ruiz, fundadores de Uribe Ruiz Hermanos, organizaron su casa de comercio a través de la red parental con lo que aseguraron la continuidad del negocio y la confianza para invertir en diversos campos económicos, como era costumbre entre otros comerciantes antioqueños durante el siglo XIX. La principal fuente de consulta fue el archivo José María Uribe Uribe 1838-1921 en el que se encuentra información de las firmas comerciales José María Uribe e Hijos y Uribe Ruiz Hermanos.

  15. Deformation monitoring at Nevado del Ruiz, Colombia - October 1985 - March 1988

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banks, N.G.; Carvajal, C.; Mora, H.; Tryggvason, E.

    1990-01-01

    Deformation studies began at Nevado del Ruiz 23 days before the devastating 13 November 1985 eruption, at least 12 months after precursory seismicity and fumarolic activity began. The late start in geodetic monitoring, limited number of stations in the pre-eruption network, and inconsistent patterns in the observed deformation limit conclusions about intrusive activity in the months and weeks prior to the eruption. However, the data require that the magma source of the devastating eruption was either deeper than 7 km or, if shallow, recovered the same volume and position within one week of the eruption. Geodetic monitoring resumed 1 week after the eruption and, by April 1986, included 11 tilt-leveling stations, 38 EDM lines, and 7 short leveling lines - a network capable of detecting emplacement or movement of magma volumes as small as 3 MCM (3 ?? 106 m3) to a depth of 2-3 km (using a point-source model), 10 MCM to 7 km, 50 MCM to 10 km, and 200 MCM to 15 km beneath Ruiz. In addition, 4 telemetered tiltmeters provided the capability of detecting, in real time, the fairly rapid ascent of much smaller magma bodies. Stations established to detect instability of the summit ice cap after the eruption were discontinued in early 1986. The data collected from the geodetic networks have higher than normal variance but demonstrate that little or no cumulative deformation of Ruiz occurred from October 1985 through March 1988. Thus, little, if any, magma intruded above 5 km beneath the summit during or after the 13 November 1985 eruption. This lack of significant intrusive activity agrees with the surprisingly low seismic energy release under Ruiz and makes direct degassing of a large batholith an improbable explanation of the large sulfur flux to date at Ruiz. Part of the variance in the geodetic data results from real but noncumulative deformation that may in part be pressure-buffered by a fairly large geothermal water-gas mixture for which abundant physical evidence exists

  16. Synopsis of Plazia Ruiz & Pav. (Onoserideae, Asteraceae), including a new species from northern Peru.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dillon, Michael O; Luebert, Federico

    2014-01-01

    A synopsis of Plazia Ruiz & Pav. (Onoserideae, Asteraceae) is presented, including the description of a new species, Plazia robinsonii M.O.Dillon & Sagást., from a locality c. 20 kms west of Huamachuco, Department of La Libertad in northern Peru. It most closely resembles Plazia conferta Ruiz & Pav., a narrow endemic from central Peru some 450 km to the south; however, the latter species has larger leaves and smaller capitula. Plazia is a small genus of four species confined to the Andean Cordillera of Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina. A distribution map of the four species, an illustration of the new species, a photograph of the holotype, and a key to species are provided.

  17. Lectotypification of Ruiz and Pavón's names in Solanum (Solanaceae)

    OpenAIRE

    Knapp, Sandra

    2008-01-01

    Lectotypes or neotypes are confirmed or designated here for the 41 names coined by Hipólito Ruiz and José Pavón in the Flora peruviana et chilensis that were either described, or today recognised as, members of the large genus Solanum (Solanaceae): Solanum acuminatum, S. acutifolium, S. anceps, S. angulatum, S. angustifolium, S. asperolanatum, S. biformifolium, S. calygnaphalum, S. conicum, S. crispum, S. cymosum, S. dichotomum, S. diffusum, S. filiforme, S. foetidum, S. glandulosum, S. grand...

  18. Os sentidos construídos por adolescentes e jovens em contextos institucionais no Barreiro (BH e Betim (MG para a participação social e política

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Ignez Costa Moreira

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo apresenta e discute os sentidos construídos por adolescentes e jovens em contextos institucionais diversos no Barreiro (BH e Betim (MG sobre suas experiências de participação social e política, por meio da inclusão em grupos. Os participantes desta pesquisa responderam a um questionário composto por questões abertas e fechadas sobre o seu contexto sociofamiliar e participaram de entrevistas semiestruturadas sobre suas experiências de participação grupal e comunitária. O conteúdo das entrevistas foi tratado por meio da análise de conteúdo. A participação dos sujeitos deste estudo nos diversos grupos se dá motivada pelo sentimento de pertencimento, e pelos laços de amizade entre os membros do grupo, habitualmente os colegas de escola ou os amigos da vizinhança. Estas experiências significam para estes jovens um exercício de participação social e comunitária entendida por eles como uma atividade coletiva que objetiva transformar a realidade imediata em que vivem.

  19. TOMS measurement of the sulfur dioxide emitted during the 1985 Nevado del Ruiz eruptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krueger, Arlin J.; Walter, Louis S.; Schnetzler, Charles C.; Doiron, Scott D.

    1990-07-01

    The eruptions of Nevado del Ruiz in 1985 were unusually rich in sulfur dioxide. These eruptions were observed with the Nimbus 7 Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) which can quantitatively map volcanic sulfur dioxide plumes on a global scale. A small eruption, originally believed to be of phreatic origin, took place on September 11, 1985. However, substantial amounts of sulfur dioxide from this eruption were detected with TOMS on the following day. The total mass of SO 2, approximately 9 ± 3 × 10 4 metric tons, was deposited in two clouds, one in the upper troposphere, the other possibly at 15 km near the stratosphere. The devastating November 13 eruptions were first observed with TOMS at 1150 EST on November 14. Large amounts of sulfur dioxide were found in an arc extending 1100 km from south of Ruiz northeastward to the Gulf of Venezuela and as an isolated cloud centered at 7°N on the Colombia-Venezuela border. On November 15 the plume extended over 2700 km from the Pacific Ocean off the Colombia coast to Barbados, while the isolated mass was located over the Brazil-Guyana border, approximately 1600 km due east of the volcano. Based on wind data from Panama, most of the sulfur dioxide was located at 10-16 km in the troposphere and a small amount was quite likely deposited in the stratosphere at an altitude above 24 km. The total mass of sulfur dioxide in the eruption clouds was approximately 6.6 ± 1.9 × 10 5 metric tons on November 14. When combined with quiescent sulfur dioxide emissions during this period, the ratio of sulfur dioxide to erupted magma from Ruiz was an order of magnitude greater than in the 1982 eruption of El Chichon or the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens.

  20. Hacia el pensamiento de Juan Ruiz de Alarcón

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josa, Lola

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The comedy of characters was born in the hands of Ruiz de Alarcón as he achieved that from his first comedies, those of enredo, the main characters learnt to govern their own actions without any classification. That is the reason why the critics, without any further analysis, have described his theatre as 'moral'. Nevertheless, we are talking about a dramatist who stages mirages, unmasks tyrants disguised as level-headed monarchs, and frustrates the development of those court favourites who were egoists and ill by their passions. At the same time, the omission of providence becomes another kind of protest. All the court on the stage to ridicule with irony and punish their bad habits and delusions. When he finally discovered the politics of the conde-duque de Olivares, he decided to give up theatre. Therefore, we discover another Juan Ruiz de Alarcón never suspected: the dramatist who believed in the program of reformation that the conde-duque de Olivares, court favourite of King Philip IV, wanted to impose to a «patria doliente», name given by the dramatist to the Spain of the first half of the 17th century.La comedia de caracteres nace en manos de Ruiz de Alarcón porque consigue que, a partir de sus primeras comedias, las de enredo, los protagonistas aprendan a regir sus propias acciones al margen de tipificación alguna. Motivo por el que la crítica, sin entrar en más análisis, haya calificado su teatro como 'moral'. Sin embargo, nos encontramos ante un dramaturgo que escenifica espejismos; desenmascara a tiranos disfrazados de monarcas ecuánimes; frustra la trayectoria de privados egoístas y sedientos de poder o enfermos por sus pasiones; mientras que, al mismo tiempo, la omisión de la providencia se convierte, también, en otra clase de protesta. Toda la corte sobre las tablas para, con ironía, ridiculizar y castigar sus vicios y delirios. Cuando por fin descubrió los de la política del conde-duque de Olivares, decidi

  1. Evaluation of Tillandsia capillaris Ruiz amd Pav. f. capillaris as biomonitor of atmospheric pollution in Argentina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pignata, M.L. [Univ. Nacional de Cordoba, Cordoba (Argentina). Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Fisicas y Naturales]|[Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biologia Vegetal (IMBIV-UNC), Cordoba (Argentina); Wannaz, E.D.; Martinez, M.S.; Caminotti, G. [Univ. Nacional de Cordoba, Cordoba (Argentina). Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Fisicas y Naturales

    2002-07-01

    The behaviour of Tillandsia capillaris Ruiz and Pav. f. capillaris, when exposed to atmospheric pollutants, was assessed by measuring chemical parameters indicating foliar damage and the contents of some heavy metals. Samples were transplanted to three sites in the City of Cordoba and were collected back after 15, 30, 60 and 90 days of exposure. At the same time, samples coming from the collection site were analyzed for each of said exposure times. Chlorophylls, hydroperoxy conjugated dienes, water contents, malondialdehyde, sulfur, Cu, Pb, Ni, Co, Mn, Zn and Fe were measured in the samples. A Foliar Damage Index was calculated from some of these parameters. (orig.)

  2. Lectotypification of Ruiz and Pavón's names in Solanum (Solanaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Knapp, Sandra

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Lectotypes or neotypes are confirmed or designated here for the 41 names coined by Hipólito Ruiz and José Pavón in the Flora peruviana et chilensis that were either described, or today recognised as, members of the large genus Solanum (Solanaceae: Solanum acuminatum, S. acutifolium, S. anceps, S. angulatum, S. angustifolium, S. asperolanatum, S. biformifolium, S. calygnaphalum, S. conicum, S. crispum, S. cymosum, S. dichotomum, S. diffusum, S. filiforme, S. foetidum, S. glandulosum, S. grandiflorum, S. incanum, S. incarceratum, S. incurvum, S. laciniatum, S. lanceolatum, S. lineatum, S. mite, S. multifidum, S. nitidum, S. nutans. S. obliquum, S. oblongum, S. oppositifolium, S. pendulum, S. pinnatifidum, S. pubescens, S. runcinatum, S. scabrum, S. sericeum, S. sessile, S. stellatum, S. ternatum, S. variegatum and S. viridiflorum. A introduction assesses the importance of Ruiz and Pavón to the botany of their time, and identifies difficulties in lectotypifying names coined by them. The currently accepted name for each taxon is given. Each typification is accompanied by a discussion of the reasoning behind the choice of specimen, and all types are illustrated.Se confirman o designan los lectótipos o neótipos de 41 nombres acuñados por Hipólito Ruiz y José Pavón en la Flora peruviana et chilensis que fueron descritos dentro del género Solanum (Solanaceae o son actualmente reconocidos como parte del mismo: Solanum acuminatum, S. acutifolium, S. anceps, S. angulatum, S. angustifolium, S. asperolanatum, S. biformifolium, S. calygnaphalum, S. conicum, S. crispum, S. cymosum, S. dichotomum, S. diffusum, S. filiforme, S. foetidum, S. glandulosum, S. grandiflorum, S. incanum, S. incarceratum, S. incurvum, S. laciniatum, S. lanceolatum, S. lineatum, S. mite, S. multifidum, S. nitidum, S. nutans. S. obliquum, S. oblongum, S. oppositifolium, S. pendulum, S. pinnatifidum, S. pubescens, S. runcinatum, S. scabrum, S. sericeum, S. sessile, S. stellatum

  3. Architectural Theory and Graphical Criteria for Modelling Certain Late Gothic Projects by Hernan Ruiz "the Elder"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Luis Ampliato Briones

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper primarily reflects on the need to create graphical codes for producing images intended to communicate architecture. Each step of the drawing needs to be a deliberate process in which the proposed code highlights the relationship between architectural theory and graphic action. Our aim is not to draw the result of the architectural process but the design structure of the actual process; to draw as we design; to draw as we build. This analysis of the work of the Late Gothic architect Hernan Ruiz the Elder, from Cordoba, addresses two aspects: the historical and architectural investigation, and the graphical project for communication purposes.

  4. Compartmentalized Fluid Flow In The Nevado Del Ruiz Volcano Hydrothermal System(S)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuluaga, C. A.; Mejia, E.

    2011-12-01

    Combination of several extensive and compressive fault/fracture systems with different lithologic units compartmentalized the hydrothermal system(s) in the vicinity of the Nevado del Ruiz volcano. Three main fault/fracture systems are observed in the Ruiz volcano area, a N10°-20°E system (San Jerónimo and Palestina faults), a N40°-60°W system (Villamaría-Termales, San Ramón, Nereidas, Río Claro, San Eugenio and Campoalegrito faults), and a N60°-80°E system (Santa Rosa fault). The NW trend system act as the main path for fluid circulation, location of faults and fractures belonging to this system and their intersections with other fault systems and/or with lithologic contacts control hot springs location. The observed fault location and hot spring location pattern allow to subdivide the hydrothermal system(s) in at least five blocks. In the southernmost block, hot springs are mostly located in one of the four quadrants originated by fault intersections suggesting that there is a compartmentalization into higher and lower permeability quadrants. It is still unknown if all blocks belong to the same hydrothermal system or if there is more than one hydrothermal system.

  5. A preliminary analysis of icequakes at the Ruiz volcano glacier - Colombia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia Cano, L. C.; Lopez, C. M.; Muñoz Maya, J. A.; Maturana Banquez, M.; Giraldo, G. A.; Giraldo Garcia, J.

    2010-12-01

    The Ruiz volcano glacier is located in the central region of Colombia at the equatorial zone but by its height it has perpetual snow. In 1985 this volcano had a catastrophic eruption that produced a lahar by glacier melting; this lahar buried the Armero town. From this event a seismological network was installed. Since the beginning of the seismological network of Ruiz volcano, the icequakes have been registering by the nearest station to glacier. It is clear the relationship between this kind of seismicity and the meteorological conditions; the most quantity of the icequakes is registered very early at the morning and during the dry seasons. The origin and the location of these icequakes were not possible to determine because of the geometric network and of its instrumentation (short period sensor of vertical component). Since 2007 the network has been using broad band sensors and 3-component short period seismometers. We characterized the source of the icequakes from the new database in order to understand the main origin of this seismicity. This study consisted in both spectral and polarization analysis. The results show a near relation between this seismicity and shallow process related to the cryogenic phenomena, the natural motion of the glacier and the volcanic heat release.

  6. Typification of Heliotropium and Tournefortia (Heliotropiaceae species described by Ruiz and Pavón

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luebert, Federico

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Lectotypes are designated here for 14 names proposed by Ruiz and Pavón in “Flora peruviana, et chilensis” (1799 that were either described or are currently recognized as members of the genera Heliotropium or Tournefortia (Heliotropiaceae: Heliotropium corymbosum, H. incanum, H. lanceolatum, H. microcalyx, H. microstachyum, H. oppositifolium, H. pilosum, H. synzystachyum, Lithospermum aggregatum, Tournefortia angustiflora, T. longifolia, T. polystachya, T. undulata, T. virgata. Currently accepted names and comments on typifications and taxonomic affinities are also provided.Se designan lectotipos de 14 nombres propuestos por Ruiz y Pavón en “Flora peruviana et chilensis” (1799 que son actualmente reconocidos, o fueron descritos, dentro de los géneros Heliotropium o Tournefortia (Heliotropiaceae: Heliotropium corymbosum, H. incanum, H. lanceolatum, H. microcalyx, H. microstachyum, H. oppositifolium, H. pilosum, H. synzystachyum, Lithospermum aggregatum, Tournefortia angustiflora, T. longifolia, T. polystachya, T. undulata, T. virgata. Se incluyen los nombres actualmente aceptados y comentarios sobre su tipificación y afinidades taxonómicas.

  7. Dalla frase proustiana all'immagine-movimento: Le temps retrouvé di Raoul Ruiz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emanuela Piga

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Nel 1999 esce nelle sale Le Temps retrouvé del regista cileno Raoul Ruiz, il quale, affiancato dallo sceneggiatore Gilles Taurand, mette in scena l'ultimo volume de La Recherche du temps perdu di Marcel Proust.Poiché gran parte dei giudizi negativi che seguirono l'opera di Ruiz partirono dall'assunto dell'intraducibilità della poetica della Recherche in un'opera cinematografica, questo studio mira a comprendere la relazione che il testo filmico  stabilisce con il testo letterario. In quest'ottica, lo studio si focalizza su alcune soluzioni formali adottate dal regista, partendo dall'idea che queste scelte siano alla base del tentativo di trasposizione, sul piano del contenuto e dell'espressione, della "qualità di visione" di Marcel Proust, di difficile transcodificazione per raffinatezza concettuale e linguistica e densità narrativa. Nell'indagare la relazione traduttiva e le forme dell'espressione concretizzate nel testo d'arrivo, particolare interesse sarà riservato al movimento: i movimenti di macchina e i movimenti nel quadro, i movimenti degli oggetti e i movimenti dei personaggi. Movimenti in orbita all'interno del movimento più grande e incessante della memoria e di quell'immagine-movimento che è il piano.  

  8. Tourmaline and Rutile as Indicators of a Magmatic-hydrothermal Origin for Tourmalinite Layers in the São José do Barreiro Area, NE Ribeira Belt, Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gianna Maria Garda

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Tourmalines from tourmaline-rich layers intercalated with schists of the Rio Una Unit of the Embu Complex and fromcoarse-grained tourmalinite layers associated with quartzite from São José do Barreiro and Formoso (Central Ribeira Belt,São Paulo State, Brazil were analyzed for major, trace- and rare-earth elements and boron stable isotopes. Two main phasesof tourmaline formation were identified by mineral chemistry. The tourmalines from the schist-hosted tourmaline layers arecharacterized by relatively low MgO (from 4.7 to 6.5%, Na2O (1.5 to 2.1% and CaO (from 0.2 to 1.1% contents andhigh Al2O3 (from 32 to 35% and FeO (from 6.7 to 9.0% contents, and also by two (REECN patterns, one represented by(La/YbCN from 2.7 to 4.3 and positive Eu anomalies, and the other by (La/YbCN from 0.2 to 0.3 and practically no Euanomaly. The variations in major-element contents reflect the composition of the rock being metamorphosed and in whichtourmaline is crystallizing, whereas the (REECN patterns indicate the evolution of the metamorphic fluid in face of changingmetamorphic conditions. The tourmaline of the tourmalinite layers intercalated in quartzite is characterized by relatively highAl2O3 (from 32.3 to 33.92%, FeO (from 6.54 to 7.3% and Na2O (from 1.8 to 2.1% contents and very low total REE (3.5ppm contents, in particular of HREE. The (REECN pattern for this tourmaline is characterized by a positive Eu anomaly,indicating a high fluid/rock ratio. The δ11B values for this tourmaline fall in the -12.3 and -13.9‰ interval. On the other hand,the tourmaline of a massive tourmalinite also associated with quartzite has the highest MgO (from 7.3 to 9.7%, CaO (from0.8 to 2.5%, F, Th, U, Hf, Zr, Y, Sr and total REE (305 ppm contents and the lowest Al2O3 (from 28.6 to 31.8% and FeO(from 5.4 to 8.3% contents, when compared to the other tourmalines analyzed. Differing from all other (REECN patterns,the one that characterizes this tourmaline is LREE-enriched [(La

  9. Studies in Moraceae II. The genus Clarisia Ruiz et Pavon and its synonyms, with a discussion of the generic name

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lanjouw, J.

    1936-01-01

    The Moraceous genus Clarisia was described by Ruiz et Pavon in 1794 in ”Florae Peruvianae, et Chilensis Prodromus” p. 128. This generic name must be rejected, if it is not placed on the list of Nomina Generica Conservanda, as in 1792 there had already been published a genus of this name by Pedro Aba

  10. Eruption and mass-wasting-induced processes during the late holocene destructive phase of Nevado del Ruiz volcano, Colombia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thouret, Jean-Claude; Salinas, Rosalba; Murcia, Armando

    1990-07-01

    The November 13, 1985, eruption was characteristic of the Arenas eruptive stage of Nevado del Ruiz, the most recent of a series of twelve eruptive stages that have occurred in the past 11,000 years. Eruptive sequences, deposits and processes similar to that of 1985 have characterized the behavior of Nevado del Ruiz during three major prehistorical and historical eruptive stages: the approximately 3300-3100 yr. B.P. Hedionda, the 16th century Azufrado, and the mid-1800's Lagunillas eruptive stages, that partly destroyed the present Ruiz summit. According to the interpretation of the stratigraphic record of prehistorical eruptions and historical accounts, almost every recent magmatic event was small or short-lived. Nevertheless, rockslide-debris avalanches and catastrophic debris flows were triggered in all the eruptions owing to slope failures related to specific tectonic features of Ruiz volcano and/or to significant interactions between pyroclastic debris and the ice cap. Evidence for headward retreat of avalanche scarps during multiple eruptions reinforce the case that large slope failures can occur repeatedly at a large-volume volcano like Ruiz without reconstruction of the edifice. The latest Ruiz eruptions that involved rockslide-debris avalanches resemble in part the Shiveluch 1964 event for which evidence of lateral blast deposits are lacking, but differ in part from this type because non-eruptive and mass-wasting processes also triggered rockslide-debris avalanches. Many factors render the cluster of domes of the Ruiz summit unstable, including: (1) deeply dissected troughs opened toward the north-northeast (Azufrado), east (Lagunillas), and south (Recio) flanks; (2) strongly hydrothermally altered north and east flanks of the summit; (3) currently glaciated or recently deglaciated, high cliffs; (4) steep unstable margins of the ice cap on the north and east. Thus, in light of its past behavior, a small eruption or an earthquake might trigger catastrophic

  11. Raúl Ruiz: Ontología de lo Fantástico. Territorios, Políticas Estéticas y Polisemia Visual Raúl Ruiz: Ontology of the Fantastic. Territory, Aesthetics Policies, and Visual Polysemy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adolfo Vásquez Rocca

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available El cine de Raúl Ruiz nace de una continua reflexión acerca de los modos narrativos cinematográficos. Ruiz configura en Francia un cine exploratorio, experimental y barroco, que indaga en la falta de identidad y la pérdida del territorio. Es en su poética donde logra infiltrar su disidencia, su condición de exiliado metafísico, que encuentra su militancia en la lucha contra el núcleo ideológico de la teoría del conflicto central, que no es sino la operacionalización narrativa de los mecanismos de la competencia, característica del modelo neoliberal. La forma de polisemia visual que Ruiz pone en operación consiste en mirar una película cuya lógica narrativa aparente sigue siempre una misma historia, y cuyos vagabundeos, fallas, recorridos en zig-zag, se explican por su plan secreto, esto es por una película impostora, no explícita, cuyos puntos fuertes se ubican en los momentos débiles de la película aparente, para desde allí narrar otra historia, crear una obra que juegue con la película aparente, que la contradiga y especule sobre ella.The cinema of Raúl Ruiz comes from an ongoing reflection on the narrative modes of cinema. Ruiz sets in France an exploratory cinema, experimental and Baroque, which explores the lack of identity and loss of territory. It's in his poetic where he manages to infiltrate his dissent, his metaphysical exile, and his militancy in the struggle against the ideological core of the central theoretical conflict: the storytelling of the mechanisms of competition that is characteristic of neoliberal models. The form of visual polysemy that Ruiz put into operation consists of watching a film that has narrative logic that are apparently always the same; its wanderings, failures, zig-zag paths are explained by a sort of secret plan, an impostor film that is not explicit, and whose strengths lie in the weak moments of the film that seem to tell another story, creating a work that plays with the film, and

  12. Quetotaxia de las patas de Neoppia discreta Ruiz, Mínguez et Subías, 1988 (Acari, Oribatida, Oppiidae, Antilloppiinae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arillo, A.

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the chaetotaxy of the legs of a member of the subfamily Antilloppiinae (Neoppia discreta Ruiz, Mínguez et Subías, 1988 is studied for the first time.En el presente trabajo se realiza por primera vez el estudio de la quetotaxia de las patas de un miembro de la subfamilia Antilloppiinae, Neoppia discreta Ruiz, Mínguez et Subías, 1988.

  13. Sulfur dioxide from Nevado del Ruiz volcano, Colombia: total flux and isotopic constraints on its origin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Stanley N.; Sturchio, Neil C.; Calvache V., Marta Lucia; Mendez F., Ricardo; Londoño C., Adela; García P., Nestor

    1990-07-01

    Nevado del Ruiz volcano has been releasing extraordinarily large volumes of sulfur dioxide gas from its Arenas crater since September, 1985 and probably since the renewal of volcanic activity began in late 1984. The combined release from eruptive and passive flux has been approximately (3.4 ± 1.0) × 10 6 metric tons in the four years after November, 1984. This value combined with data of others on pre-eruption sulfur content of the magma, allows the calculation of a minimum required volume of magma of 0.92 km 3. Consideration of the continued high flux and typical ratios of erupted to degassed magma indicate that the true minimum volume of magma involved is probably at least 4.6-9.2 km 3. A systematic study of the various species of sulfur in the volcanic plume and the hydrothermal system has provided a characterization of the geochemistry and sulfur-isotopic variation. Consideration has been given to five potential sources of the sulfur dioxide: dissolution of subvolcanic evaporites; remobilization and oxidation of native sulfur within summit crater fumaroles; large-scale release from the hydrothermal system by reduction of sulfate or water-rock interaction; assimilation and oxidation of a pre-existing sulfide deposit; and magmatic volatiles. The data are most realistically explained by the passage of magmatic gas through the hydrothermal system, with some disproportionation of sulfur dioxide to produce the high sulfate content and low pH of the waters. This model is also most consistent with the distribution of acid-sulfate-chloride hot springs, high chloride and fluoride content of the hydrothermal waters, sulfide deposition within the volcanic pile, and the transient increase in sulfate content of the acid-sulfate-chloride hot springs that reached a maximum approximately one year after the November, 1985 eruption. The magmatic model is in apparent conflict with the absence of general deformation from the time that data began to be collected, about one week

  14. Las andanzas norteñas de un joven autor teatral: Víctor Ruiz Iriarte (1943-1949)

    OpenAIRE

    García-Ruiz, V. (Víctor)

    2012-01-01

    à travers quelques lettres inédites de Ruiz Iriarte adressées à sa famille, cet article a pour objet de reconstruire le contexte personnel et théâtral de la première époque de ce dramaturge, jusqu’au moment de sa consécration définitive en 1950, année cruciale pour l’évolution du théâtre espagnol d’après-guerre. A través de unas cartas inéditas de Ruiz Iriarte a su familia, este artículo reconstruye el contexto personal y teatral de la primera etapa de este dramaturgo hasta el momento de s...

  15. SIMPOSIO "ASPECTOS MÉDICOS DE LA ERUPCIÓN DEL NEVADO DEL RUIZ". CONCLUSIONES PRELIMINARES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Academia Nacional de Medicina

    1986-12-01

    Full Text Available

    El Comité Organizador del Simposio "' Aspéctos Medicos de la Erupción Volcanica del Nevado del Ruiz". confor­mado por los doctores Pablo Gomez Martinez, Jose Felix Patino, Valentin Malagón, German Fernandez. Ivan Munera y Luis Jorge Perez, se permite informar a la opinion publica, las conclusiones preliminares a las que ha llegado despues de haber analizado todas las ponencias presentadas por las personas y entidades que atendieron sobrevivientes de la catastrofe de noviembre de 1985.

    1. Aspectos geológicos

    Colombia está situada en el area denominada Cinturón de Fuego, que envuelve el Oceano Pacifico y en su conformación geográfica se encuentran 30 volcanes, situados en su mayorla en la Cordillera Central. De estos, 11 están en mayor o menor actividad y 7 tienen historia de erupciones. Las capas geol6ógicas sobre las cuales se extiende el pals presentan zonas de elevada sismicidad

    Las caracterlsticas de la erupción del Nevado del Ruiz permiten clasificarlo como un volcan de tipo "'Pliniano- explosivo". que puede emitir enorme cantidad de gases y fragmentos sólidos a grandes velocidades y altas tempe­raturas, como tambien lodo caliente, con deshielo de las nieves perpetuas cuyo resultado es Ia formación del "lahar" que sepultó las poblaciones y cubrió extensas zonas de terreno. Estas erupciones se presentan de manera intermitente y su comportamiento es impredecible. Existe siempre la posibilidad de erupciones late­rales que aumentan su peligro y radio de acción.

    El "lahar" fue una avalancha de lodo que cubrió a la poblacion de Armero; lo componían materiales inorgánicos provenientes del volcan, mezclados con los materiales orgánicos presentes en las tierras fertiles dedicadas a la agricultura y la ganadería. Estudios microbiológicos demostraron la presencia de una rica flora bacteriana y de hongos...

  16. The Orchidaceae of Ruiz & Pavón’s “Flora Peruviana et Chilensis”. A taxonomic study. II

    OpenAIRE

    Pupulin, Franco

    2012-01-01

    The paper presents the second part of the study of the orchid illustrations produced during the Royal expedition to Peru and Chile, headed by Ruiz and Pavón in late XVIII century. Species of the genera included between Oncidium and Zygopetalum are discussed. For each taxon references to the nomenclatorial types, synonymy, illustrations and exsiccata prepared during the expedition, as well as to Ruiz’ diaries and the unpublished manuscripts of the expediti...

  17. Antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities of endophytic fungi isolated from Piper crocatum Ruiz & Pav

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Puji Astuti; Wahyono; Octavian Ashido Nababan

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To investigate antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities of endophytic fungi isolated from Piper crocatum Ruiz&Pav (P. crocatum). Methods:Ethyl acetate extracts were obtained by liquid-liquid partition of fermentation broth of endophytes followed by evaporation. The antimicrobial activities were determined by diffusion techniques followed by thin layer chromatography-bioautography. Cytotoxicity studies were conducted using 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide assay. Data generated were used to plot a dose-response curve, of which the concentration of extract required to kill 50%of cell population (IC50) was determined. Results: Two endophytes were isolated from leaves and stem of P. crocatum, designated as DS1 and BS1. Ethyl acetate extracts of BS1 was found to inhibit the growth of Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus at minimum dose of 31.25, 125 and 250 µg, respectively. thin layer chromatography-bioautography of this extract resulted in at least two inhibition zones. BS1 extract also inhibited the growth of WiDr and T47D cell lines with IC50 of 120.38 µg/mL and 37.43 µg/mL, respectively. Conclusions: BS1 extract produced by endophytic fungi of P. crocatum is potential to be developed as source of novel bioactive compounds.

  18. Breathing of the Nevado del Ruiz volcano reservoir, Colombia, inferred from repeated seismic tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vargas, Carlos. A.; Koulakov, Ivan; Jaupart, Claude; Gladkov, Valery; Gomez, Eliana; El Khrepy, Sami; Al-Arifi, Nassir

    2017-01-01

    Nevado del Ruiz volcano (NRV), Columbia, is one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world and caused the death of 25,000 people in 1985. Using a new algorithm for repeated tomography, we have found a prominent seismic anomaly with high values of the Vp/Vs ratio at depths of 2–5 km below the surface, which is associated with a shallow magma reservoir. The amplitude and shape of this anomaly changed during the current phase of unrest which began in 2010. We interpret these changes as due to the ascent of gas bubbles through magma and to degassing of the reservoir. In 2011–2014, most of this gas escaped through permeable roof rocks, feeding surface fumarole activity and leading to a gradual decrease of the Vp/Vs ratio in the reservoir. This trend was reversed in 2015–2016 due to replenishment of the reservoir by a new batch of volatile-rich magma likely to sustain further volcanic activity. It is argued that the recurring “breathing” of the shallow reservoir is the main cause of current eruptions at NRV. PMID:28393851

  19. Dis(apparitions : Le Temps retrouvé, de Proust à Ruiz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amandine Cyprès

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Dans son adaptation du Temps retrouvé, le réalisateur chilien Raoul Ruiz parvient à rendre l’essentiel du livre de Proust ; il évite l’écueil de la transposition purement diégétique et concilie ses propres recherches cinématographiques avec les particularités de la narration proustienne. Cela se traduit notamment par divers jeux sur la présence et l’absence du narrateur à l’écran et par la destitution progressive des personnages au profit d’apparitions, objets ou visions oniriques.En su adaptación cinematográfica de El tiempo recobrado, el cineasta chileno Raúl Ruíz logra poner en relieve el tema central de la obra de Proust, evitando el escollo de una transposición exclusivamente diegética y conciliando sus propias investigaciones cinematográficas con los particularismos de la narración proustiana. Ello se manifiesta sobre todo a través de diferentes juegos relacionados con la presencia y ausencia del narrador en la pantalla, y a través de la desaparición progresiva de los personajes en beneficio de apariciones, de objetos o visiones oníricas.

  20. Breathing of the Nevado del Ruiz volcano reservoir, Colombia, inferred from repeated seismic tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vargas, Carlos. A.; Koulakov, Ivan; Jaupart, Claude; Gladkov, Valery; Gomez, Eliana; El Khrepy, Sami; Al-Arifi, Nassir

    2017-04-01

    Nevado del Ruiz volcano (NRV), Columbia, is one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world and caused the death of 25,000 people in 1985. Using a new algorithm for repeated tomography, we have found a prominent seismic anomaly with high values of the Vp/Vs ratio at depths of 2-5 km below the surface, which is associated with a shallow magma reservoir. The amplitude and shape of this anomaly changed during the current phase of unrest which began in 2010. We interpret these changes as due to the ascent of gas bubbles through magma and to degassing of the reservoir. In 2011-2014, most of this gas escaped through permeable roof rocks, feeding surface fumarole activity and leading to a gradual decrease of the Vp/Vs ratio in the reservoir. This trend was reversed in 2015-2016 due to replenishment of the reservoir by a new batch of volatile-rich magma likely to sustain further volcanic activity. It is argued that the recurring “breathing” of the shallow reservoir is the main cause of current eruptions at NRV.

  1. Insecticidal activity of Laurelia sempervirens (Ruiz & Pav. Tul. essential oil against Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian Torres

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The maize weevil Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky is a worldwide key pest of stored products. Usually contact insecticides or fumigants are used against it, but problems as toxic residues, human intoxications, and resistance have triggered the search for alternative control methods as the use of essential oils. The objective of this research was to assess under laboratory conditions, the insecticidal properties of Laurelia sempervirens (Ruiz & Pav. Tul. essential oil against S. zeamais. In contact toxicity bioassay assessed treatments were 0 (control, 1.25, 2.5, 5.0, 10, 20, and 40 mL essential oil kg-1 grain and 0 (control, 25, 50, 75, 100, 125, 150, and 175 μL essential oil L-1 air in fumigant toxicity tests. The highest toxicity by contact activity was reached by concentrations higher than 10 mL essential oil kg-1 grain (100% mortality. The same treatments totally inhibit F1. The dose of 175 μL essential oil L-1 air showed a significant toxicity by fumigant activity causing 72.5% of dead insects. The other treatments did not surpass 5% mortality. In offspring effect (F1 bioassay, all treatments had an insect emergence significantly lower than the control but concentrations equal or higher than 10 mL essential oil kg-1 grain prevented the emergence of F1 during the 7 wk of bioassay. The residual effect of contact toxicity remained by 15 d. The treatments based on essential oil lead to a weight grain loss lower than control and germination was not affected. All assessed treatments showed repellent effect. The essential oil of L. sempervirens has promissory perspectives to maize weevil control.

  2. Compte rendu de lecture de l’ouvrage de Rosario Ruiz Franco, ¿Eternas menores? Las mujeres en el franquismo Reseña de Rosario Ruiz Franco, ¿Eternas menores? Las mujeres en el franquismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángela Cenarro

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Con una sugerente pregunta, ¿Eternas menores? comienza el último libro de la profesora Rosario Ruiz Franco, que viene a engrosar una interesante nómina de publicaciones sobre la historia de las mujeres españolas en la pasada dictadura. Se trata de un campo de estudio que está gozando de una fase de expansión gracias a los trabajos que historiadoras como Gloria Nielfa, Carme Molinero, Giuliana di Febo o Celia Valiente han publicado en los últimos años. Hasta ahora, los principales objetos de e...

  3. Poéticas e amores em processo : canções de Dolores Duran, Joyce Moreno e Alice Ruiz

    OpenAIRE

    Mirele Carolina Werneque Jacomel

    2012-01-01

    Esta pesquisa apresenta uma análise das interseções entre as práticas amorosas representadas nas canções de Dolores Duran, Joyce Moreno e Alice Ruiz. O objetivo principal é problematizar as experiências culturais, discursivas e estéticas de cada compositora como expressões da modernidade e do papel social que desempenham as mulheres, em diferentes momentos da segunda metade do século XX. Foi necessário perscrutar as mudanças socioculturais desse mesmo período para se compreender em que medida...

  4. Motivación y vigencia en seis locuciones del universo de Carlos Ruiz Zafón

    OpenAIRE

    Ramos Nogueira, Luis Carlos

    2016-01-01

    El autor catalán Carlos Ruiz Zafón se ha revelado, con la publicación de La sombra del viento, como un fenómeno literario mundial, traducido a más de cincuenta lenguas. Su proceso creativo pone de relieve diversos elementos de la cultura española y, entre ellos, un considerable botón de muestra del acervo fraseológico de esta lengua. El cuidado en la elección de las locuciones que utiliza, y que nos interesa particularmente en este trabajo, nos da a conocer a un escritor extremadamente cohere...

  5. Autores Clásicos en la biblioteca del ilustrado Antonio Ruiz De Padrón

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Salas Salgado

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Se estudia en este artículo los libros de autores grecolatinos que poseía la amplia biblioteca del ilustrado canario Antonio Ruiz de Padrón (1757-1823, cuyo conocimiento debemos a los inventarios realizados en 1814 y 1823. Se comprueba de esta manera la vigencia de los autores clásicos propiciada con toda seguridad por enorme importancia que la corriente neoclásica tuvo en la época de la Ilustración.http://dx.doi.org/10.14195/2183-1718_66_20

  6. The Orchidaceae of Ruiz & Pavón’s “Flora Peruviana et Chilensis”. A taxonomic study. I

    OpenAIRE

    Pupulin, Franco

    2012-01-01

    Inspired by King Carlos III in the second half of 18th Century, the Spanish government demonstrated a serious interest in the study of the rich floras of the colonies of the New World. The Royal expedition to Peru and Chile, led by Ruiz and Pavón, continued for 11 years in the two colonies and was followed by the activities of Tafalla and Manzanilla, who botanized in Peru and Ecuador. Two preliminary accounts of the flora of Peru were published in 1794 and 1798, but only three of the planned ...

  7. Raúl Ruiz a través del Espejo: de la representación a la alegoría Raúl Ruiz Through the Looking Glass: from Representation to Allegory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valeria de los Ríos

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available El siguiente ensayo está dividido en dos partes tituladas "Del lado de acá" y "Del lado de allá". El objetivo central de este texto es analizar el trabajo del cineasta chileno Raúl Ruiz, tanto en Chile antes del golpe de Estado como en Francia después de éste, y ver algunas continuidades y discontinuidades en su trabajo, en el que se unen las nociones de estética, política, exilio y la posición de un sujeto latinoamericano.The following essay is divided into two parts entitled "From This Side" and "From the Other Side". The main objective is to analyze the work of the Chilean filmmaker Raúl Ruiz, both in Chile before the coup, and in France after it, so as to see the continuities and discontinuities in his work, where aesthetics, politics, exile and the position of a Latin American subject coincide.

  8. The Orchidaceae of Ruiz & Pavón’s “Flora Peruviana et Chilensis”. A taxonomic study. I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pupulin, Franco

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Inspired by King Carlos III in the second half of 18th Century, the Spanish government demonstrated a serious interest in the study of the rich floras of the colonies of the New World. The Royal expedition to Peru and Chile, led by Ruiz and Pavón, continued for 11 years in the two colonies and was followed by the activities of Tafalla and Manzanilla, who botanized in Peru and Ecuador. Two preliminary accounts of the flora of Peru were published in 1794 and 1798, but only three of the planned eleven volumes and five supplements of the Flora Peruviana et Chilensis were eventually published. The seventh volume, devoted to the Orchids, never saw the light of day. Due to the short descriptions published in 1798, and the dispersal of large parts of Ruiz and Pavón’s herbarium, the concepts of several of their orchid species remained obscure to modern botanists. These species can now be identified for the first time through the critical study of the unpublished illustrations and manuscripts of the expedition, kept at the Royal Botanical Garden of Madrid (RJB. The results in orchidology of the expedition, with a discussion of the new findings and interpretations, made possible by the study of Ruiz and Pavón’s orchid iconography, are presented in two contributions. In this first part – an introduction – notes on the illustrators and their work, as well as on the orchid manuscripts and collections, are given. Orchid taxa are presented alphabetically, from Acianthera to Maxillariella. For each taxon references to the nomenclatural types, synonymy, illustrations and exsiccata prepared during the expedition, as well as to Ruiz’s diaries and the unpublished manuscripts of the expedition’s botanists, are provided. In the absence of any actual specimens referable to the type collections and associated with the protologues, Bletia repanda, Epidendrum cordatum, E. viride, Fernandezia laxa, Maxillaria longipetala, M. ramosa

  9. Copulation of Opisthogonimus fonsecai Ruiz & Leão, 1942 (Trematoda, Digenea, Plagiorchiidae, parasite of Bothrops moojeni Hoge, 1966 (Serpentes, Viperidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. J. Silva

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Copulation in Opisthogonimus fonsecai Ruiz & Leão, 1942 (Trematoda, Digenea, Plagiorchiidae, parasite of Bothrops moojeni Hoge, 1966 (Serpentes, Viperiade, was reported. Data on the histology of the cirrus and metraterm of the copulants were presented. Morphology of the cirrus was also examined by scanning electron microscopy.

  10. Análisis cultural e historiográfico de la romería del Rocío en el documental de Fernando Ruiz Vergara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Rina Simón

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Rocío, documental dirigido por Fernando Ruiz Vergara sobre la popular romería de Almonte, generó un amplio debate en la década de los ochenta en torno a los límites de la memoria y el significado de la fiesta y la celebración religiosa en el horizonte convulso de la “transición” política. Más allá de la polémica generada a cerca de la represión franquista y la censura del filme, nos proponemos analizar desde una perspectiva cultural e historiográfica el guión de Ana Vila, sus aportaciones y lagunas a la hora de comprender los significados de la romería.Palabras clave: Virgen del Rocío, romería, ritual, religiosidad “popular”, Fernando Ruiz de Vergara.________________Cultural and historiographical analysis of the pilgrimage of El Rocío in the documentary directed by Fernando Ruiz Vergara.Abstract:Rocío, was a documentary directed by Fernando Ruiz Vergara about the popular pilgrimage to Almonte. In the ‘80s, during the Spanish “Transition” to democracy, the documentary generated an ample discussion about the limits of the memory and the meaning of the festivity and religious ceremony. We leave behind the controversy associated with the repression and censorship of the film under the Franco’s Era, and analyse Ana Vila’s script from a cultural and historiographical standpoint, its contributions and gaps in understanding the meaning of the pilgrimage.Keywords: The Virgin of El Rocío, Pilgrimage, Ritual, “Popular” Religiosity, Fernando Ruiz de Vergara.

  11. 3-Ishwarone, a Rare Ishwarane Sesquiterpene from Peperomia scandens Ruiz & Pavon: Structural Elucidation through a Joint Experimental and Theoretical Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando M. dos S.

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available 3-Ishwarone, (1, a sesquiterpene with a rare ishwarane skeleton, was isolated from Peperomia scandens Ruiz & Pavon (Piperaceae. Its structure was unambiguously determined by 1D- and 2D-NMR and infrared analyses, as well as by comparative theoretical studies which involved calculations of 13C-NMR chemical shifts, using the Density Functional Theory (DFT with the mPW1PW91 hybrid functional and Pople’s 6-31G(d basis set, and of vibrational frequencies, using the B3LYP hybrid functional and triple ζ Dunning’s correlation consistent basis set (cc-pVTZ, of (1 and three of its possible diastereomers, compounds 2–4.

  12. Nicolás Ruiz: la lucha contra el Estado y la restricción interna de derechos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inés Castro Apreza

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Desde una perspectiva histórica, en este artículo se analiza el desarrollo político-electoral de Nicolás Ruiz, un municipio de los Valles Centrales de Chiapas; se pone el énfasis en el período que comienza en 1994, cuando sus habitantes cambian de opción política. Se muestra que es un caso paradigmático de una población mayoritaria con reivindicaciones frente al gobierno local y el Estado nacional, al tiempo que la asamblea de comuneros impone restricciones internas que limitan o anulan los derechos comunales y los derechos políticos de sus habitantes.

  13. Cátedra Extraordinaria Juan Ruiz de Alarcón. Área de práctica escénica

    OpenAIRE

    Méndez, Emilio

    2012-01-01

    Durante los Siglos de Oro, al autor novohispano Juan Ruiz de Alarcón se le considera un importante nexo entre la cultura de la metrópoli y la Nueva España, por ello y con el fin de profundizar y vitalizar los estudios sobre la obra dramática y la vida del escritor, se creó en septiembre de 1998, la Cátedra Extraordinaria Juan Ruiz de Alarcón, en el seno de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras. La doctora Margarita Peña y el maestro José Luis Ibáñez fueron nombrados coordinadores de esta C...

  14. The behaviour of REE and Zr-Hf fractionation in the volcanic waters of Nevado del Ruiz system (Colombia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inguaggiato, Claudio; Censi, Paolo; Zuddas, Pierpaolo; Makario Londoño, John; Chacón, Zoraida; Alzate, Diego; Brusca, Lorenzo; D'Alessandro, Walter

    2015-04-01

    The geochemical behaviour of Rare Earth Element (REE), Zr and Hf have been investigated in the thermal waters of Nevado del Ruiz volcanic system. These fluids are characterised by a wide range of pH ranging between 1.0 and 8.8. The acidic waters are sulphate dominated with different Cl/SO4 ratios. The Nevado del Ruiz waters allowed to investigate the behaviour of investigated elements in a wide spectrum of pH and chemical composition of water. The important role of the pH and the ionic complexes have been evidenced in the distribution of REE, Zr and Hf in the aqueous phase. The pH rules the precipitation of authigenic oxyhydroxides of Fe, Al producing changes in REE, Zr, Hf amount and strong anomalies of Cerium and Europium. Y-Ho and Zr-Hf (twin pairs) have different behaviour in strong acidic waters with respect to the water with higher pH. Yttrium and Ho have the same behaviour of Zr and Hf in waters with pH near neutral-to-neutral, showing super-chondritic ratios. The twin pairs showed to be sensitive to the co-precipitation and/or adsorption onto the surface of authigenic particulate suggesting an enhanced scavenging of Ho and Hf respect to Y and Zr, leading to super-chondritic ratios. In acidic waters a different behaviour of twin pairs occurs with chondritic Y/Ho ratios (reflecting the Y/Ho ratio of average local rock) and sub-chondritic Zr/Hf ratios. For the first time, Zr and Hf have been investigated in natural acidic fluids to understand the behaviour of these elements in extreme acidic conditions and different major anions chemistry. Zr/Hf molar ratio changes from 4.75 to 49.29 in water with pH<3.6. In strong acidic waters, a different fractionation of Zr and Hf have been recognised as function of major anion contents (Cl and SO4), suggesting the formation of complexes leading to sub-chondritic Zr/Hf molar ratios.

  15. Plio-Pleistocene paleomagnetic secular variation and time-averaged field: Ruiz-Tolima volcanic chain, Colombia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-Duque, A.; Mejia, V.; Opdyke, N. D.; Huang, K.; Rosales-Rivera, A.

    2016-02-01

    Paleomagnetic results obtained from 47 Plio-Pleistocene volcanic flows from the Ruiz-Tolima Volcanic Chain (Colombia) are presented. The mean direction of magnetization among these flows, which comprise normal (n = 43) and reversed (n = 4) polarities, is Dec = 1.8°, Inc = 3.2°, α95 = 5.0°, and κ = 18.4. This direction of magnetization coincides with GAD plus a small persistent axial quadrupolar component (around 5%) at the site-average latitude (4.93°). This agreement is robust after applying several selection criteria (α95 < 10º α95 < 5.5º polarities: normal, reversed, and tentatively transitional). The data are in agreement with Model G proposed by McElhinny and McFadden (1997) and the fit is improved when sites tentatively identified as transitional (two that otherwise have normal polarity) are excluded from the calculations. Compliance observed with the above mentioned time-averaged field and paleosecular variation models, is also observed for many recent similar studies from low latitudes, with the exception of results from Galapagos Islands that coincide with GAD and tend to be near sided.

  16. 垂花火鸟蕉的组织培养%Tissue Culture of Heliconia rostrata Ruiz & Pavon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈伟; 李志英; 李克烈; 徐立

    2006-01-01

    @@ 1植物名称垂花火鸟蕉(Heliconia rostrata Ruiz &Pavon). 2材料类别种子长成的无菌苗茎段. 3培养条件种子萌发培养基:1/2MS培养基.芽启动培养基:(1)1/2MS+6-BA 3 mg·L-1(单位下同)+NAA 0.5+1%活性炭;(2)1/2MS+6-BA 5+NAA0.5+1%活性炭;(3)1/2MS+6-BA 10+NAA 0.5+1%活性炭.芽增殖培养基:(4)MS+6-BA 3+NAA 0.3.生根培养基:(5)MS+NAA 0.5+0.5%活性炭.以上培养基均添加7 g·L-1琼脂粉和30 g·L-1蔗糖,pH5.8,在121℃下高压灭菌20 min.培养温度为(25±2)℃,光照时间12 h·d-1,光照强度50μmol·m-2·s-1.

  17. ACTIVITY AND Vp/Vs RATIO OF VOLCANO-TECTONIC SEISMIC SWARM ZONES AT NEVADO DEL RUIZ VOLCANO, COLOMBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Londoño B. John Makario

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available An analysis of the seismic activity for volcano-tectonic earthquake (VT swarms zones at Nevado del Ruiz Volcano (NRV was carried out for the interval 1985- 2002, which is the most seismic active period at NRV until now (2010. The swarm-like seismicity of NRV was frequently concentrated in very well defined clusters around the volcano. The seismic swarm zone located at the active crater was the most active during the entire time. The seismic swarm zone located to the west of the volcano suggested some relationship with the volcanic crises. It was active before and after the two eruptions occurred in November 1985 and September 1989. It is believed that this seismic activity may be used as a monitoring tool of volcanic activity. For each seismic swarm zone the Vp/Vs ratio was also calculated by grouping of earthquakes and stations. It was found that each seismic swarm zone had a distinct Vp/Vs ratio with respect to the others, except for the crater and west swarm zones, which had the same value. The average Vp/Vs ratios for the seismic swarm zones located at the active crater and to the west of the volcano are about 6-7% lower than that for the north swarm zone, and about 3% lower than that for the south swarm zone. We suggest that the reduction of the Vp/Vs ratio is due to degassing phenomena inside the central and western earthquake swarm zones, or due to the presence of microcracks inside the volcano. This supposition is in agreement with other studies of geophysics, geochemistry and drilling surveys carried out at NRV.

  18. Short Communication. Wood identification based on their common name and their transversal surface anatomy. Application to the batch from the expedition of Ruiz and Pavon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Villasante

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Aim of study: To identify species of wood samples based on common names and anatomical analyses of their transversal surfaces (without microscopic preparations.Area of study: Spain and South America.Material and Methods: The test was carried out on a batch of 15 lumber samples deposited in the Royal Botanical Garden in Madrid, from the expedition by Ruiz and Pavón (1777-1811. The first stage of the methodology is to search and to make a critical analysis of the databases which list common nomenclature along with scientific nomenclature. A geographic filter was then applied to the information resulting from the samples with a more restricted distribution. Finally an anatomical verification was carried out with a pocket microscope with a magnification of x40, equipped with a 50 micrometers resolution scale.Main results: The identification of the wood based exclusively on the common name is not useful due to the high number of alternative possibilities (14 for “naranjo”, 10 for “ébano”, etc.. The common name of one of the samples (“huachapelí mulato” enabled the geographic origin of the samples to be accurately located to the shipyard area in Guayaquil (Ecuador. Given that Ruiz y Pavón did not travel to Ecuador, the specimens must have been obtained by Tafalla. It was possible to determine correctly 67% of the lumber samples from the batch. In 17% of the cases the methodology did not provide a reliable identification.Research highlights: It was possible to determine correctly 67% of the lumber samples from the batch and their geographic provenance. The identification of the wood based exclusively on the common name is not useful.Key words: historic wood; Ruiz and Pavon’s expedition; wood anatomy; wood identification; wood nomenclature.

  19. Perspectiva lingüística y cognitiva del estilo de Carlos Ruiz Zafón en La sombra del viento

    OpenAIRE

    Calle Rosingana, Gonzalo

    2012-01-01

    La finalidad fundamental de esta tesis doctoral es exponer algunas de las claves estilísticas y mecanismos lingüísticos que Carlos Ruiz Zafón utiliza en la novela La sombra del viento. Una finalidad que implica identificar aquellos usos lingüísticos y cognitivos que muestren un grado significativo de relevancia estilística. Con la aplicación de los parámetros cognitivistas en los análisis, se abordan cuestiones relativas al ajuste focal, el tratamiento del lenguaje metafórico, la asociació...

  20. Un estudio de La Sombra del Viento de Carlos RuizZafón desde una perspectiva de género

    OpenAIRE

    Sallhed, Patrik

    2015-01-01

    Esta tesina tiene el propósito de analizar las características de algunos de lospersonajes principales de La Sombra del Viento de Carlos Ruiz Zafón desde un punto de vistade género. El estudio se basa en diferentes teorías de género que pretenden funcionar comoherramientas para poder destacar las diferencias entre las descripciones femeninas y lasmasculinas que aparecen en la obra. Primero, definimos y concretamos el término género conla ayuda de las teorías de Yvonne Hirdman. En segundo luga...

  1. Un estudio de La Sombra del Viento de Carlos RuizZafón desde una perspectiva de género

    OpenAIRE

    Sallhed, Patrik

    2015-01-01

    Esta tesina tiene el propósito de analizar las características de algunos de lospersonajes principales de La Sombra del Viento de Carlos Ruiz Zafón desde un punto de vistade género. El estudio se basa en diferentes teorías de género que pretenden funcionar comoherramientas para poder destacar las diferencias entre las descripciones femeninas y lasmasculinas que aparecen en la obra. Primero, definimos y concretamos el término género conla ayuda de las teorías de Yvonne Hirdman. En segundo luga...

  2. Perspectiva lingüística y cognitiva del estilo de Carlos Ruiz Zafón en La sombra del viento

    OpenAIRE

    Calle Rosingana, Gonzalo

    2012-01-01

    La finalidad fundamental de esta tesis doctoral es exponer algunas de las claves estilísticas y mecanismos lingüísticos que Carlos Ruiz Zafón utiliza en la novela La sombra del viento. Una finalidad que implica identificar aquellos usos lingüísticos y cognitivos que muestren un grado significativo de relevancia estilística. Con la aplicación de los parámetros cognitivistas en los análisis, se abordan cuestiones relativas al ajuste focal, el tratamiento del lenguaje metafórico, la asociació...

  3. Una Aparición de la Virgen con el Niño a san Felipe Neri de Francisco Ignacio Ruiz de la Iglesia: atribución y contexto iconográfico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gutiérrez Pastor, Ismael

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The author studies a painting of the Apparition of the Virgin and Child with St. Philip Neri, attributing it to the painter Francisco Ignacio Ruiz de la Iglesia and analyzing its iconography in the context of Baroque painting in Madrid.Se estudia una pintura de la Aparición de la Virgen con el Niño a San Felipe Neri, se atribuye al pintor Francisco Ignacio Ruiz de la Iglesia y se analiza su iconografía en el contexto de la pintura madrileña del Barroco.

  4. The Will for Style of the Very Young José Martínez Ruiz: a Learner of the Satirical Criticism (1893-1894

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel Martín-Hervás Jiménez

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In this article, the first three works of José Martínez Ruiz, Azorín (1873-1967, will be analyzed. La crítica literaria en España (1893, Moratín (1893 and Buscapiés (1894 will be studied according to two objectives. The first and main objective consists in determining what kind of literary personality Azorín wanted to build for himself in his three first books. For this purpose, the theory of “la voluntad de estilo” (the will for style exposed by Juan Marichal in his book Teoría e historia del ensayismo hispánico (1984 will be used as the main methodological principle. Secondly, it will be verified if it is true or not that the young Azorín used the anarchist ideology to build his public image as a writer. In conclusion, it will be postulated that the young Martínez Ruiz was involved, during the period of 1893-1894, in a stage of learning in which he pretended to show an image of himself as a Crítico Satírico or Crítico Discordante. In addition, it will be clarified that Azorín had not used until this moment the anarchism as his aesthetic and ideological support.

  5. Sobre la posición sistemática de Brunellia Ruiz & Pavón: un reanálisis de Orozco (1997

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miranda Esquivel Daniel Rafael

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available El género Brunellia Ruiz & Pavón tradicionalmente ha sido ubicado dentro de la familia monotípica Brunelliaceae (véase Cronquist 1981, o más recientemente como un género dentro de Cunoniaccae (Huflord & Dickinson 1992. Bajo la primera perspectiva, Orozco (1997 publicó un estudio sobre las relaciones entre Brunellia y Cunoniaceae en donde propone la hipótesis de Brunelliaceae como un grupo monofilético y Cunoniaceae como grupo no monofilético. Ella utilizó 20 caracteres, 12 taxones de grupo interno y 4 taxones de grupo externo, con los que realizó seis análisis que corresponden a la modificación del número de grupos externos involucrados (1,3 o 4 grupos externos, y para cada matriz derivada consideró los caracteres como aditivos o no aditivos.

  6. Juan Cruz Ruiz: pasión y amor indesmayable por el periodismo. Estudio sobre la vida y obra de un artesano del oficio

    OpenAIRE

    Aramburu Moncada, Luisa Graciela

    2015-01-01

    Juan Cruz Ruiz : Pasión y amor indesmayable por el periodismo es una investigación sobre la vida y obra de uno de los grandes entrevistadores de España e Hispanoamérica que ha sabido recoger a través de una prolífera trayectoria dentro de la Prensa la cartografía humana de personajes que han sido claves en la sociedad española y en el mundo. En las siguientes páginas presentamos al autor trazando un recorrido biográfico por las diferentes etapas que ha vivido en el Puerto de la Cruz, S...

  7. Short communication.Wood identification based on their common name and their transversal surface anatomy. Application to the batch from the expedition of Ruiz and Pavon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Villasante, A.

    2013-05-01

    Aim of study: To identify species of wood samples based on common names and anatomical analyses of their transversal surfaces (without microscopic preparations). Area of study: Spain and South America Material and methods: The test was carried out on a batch of 15 lumber samples deposited in the Royal Botanical Garden in Madrid, from the expedition by Ruiz and Pavon (1777-1811). The first stage of the methodology is to search and to make a critical analysis of the databases which list common nomenclature along with scientific nomenclature. A geographic filter was then applied to the information resulting from the samples with a more restricted distribution. Finally an anatomical verification was carried out with a pocket microscope with a magnification of x40, equipped with a 50 micrometers resolution scale. Main results: The identification of the wood based exclusively on the common name is not useful due to the high number of alternative possibilities (14 for naranjo, 10 for ebano, etc.). The common name of one of the samples (huachapeli mulato) enabled the geographic origin of the samples to be accurately located to the shipyard area in Guayaquil (Ecuador). Given that Ruiz y Pavon did not travel to Ecuador, the specimens must have been obtained by Tafalla. It was possible to determine correctly 67% of the lumber samples from the batch. In 17% of the cases the methodology did not provide a reliable identification. Research highlights: It was possible to determine correctly 67% of the lumber samples from the batch and their geographic provenance. (Author) 11 refs.

  8. Joaquín Ruiz-Giménez, the Catholic exemplar: notes for a political and intellectual biography up to 1963 | Joaquín Ruiz-Giménez o el católico total: apuntes para una biografía política e intelectual hasta 1963

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Muñoz Soro

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The biography of Joaquín Ruiz-Giménez is a virtual paradigm of two historical phenomena which distinguished the last two decades of the Franco regime and, to a large extent, paved the way for the future democracy: on the one hand, the rift between Catholic and Falangist intellectuals and the regime which they had enthusiastically helped to establish after the civil war; and on the other, the secularization of its political thinking and practice. Ruíz-Giménez, ambassador and minister under Franco, was an exception among the Catholic laity that collaborated with the dictatorship, in that he held high government positions and, despite all the reservations concerning his personal development, for many of his peers as well as many aspiring figures of the coming generations, he symbolized the definitive renunciation of all legitimacy of power based on victory in battle or on Catholic natural law, and the definitive adoption of the language of human rights and democracy. | La biografía de Joaquín Ruiz-Giménez representa casi de manera paradigmática dos fenómenos históricos que caracterizaron las dos últimas décadas del franquismo y sentaron, en buena medida las bases de la futura democracia: por un lado, el alejamiento de los intelectuales católicos y falangistas respecto al régimen que habían contribuido a levantar con entusiasmo tras la guerra civil; por otro, la secularización de su pensamiento y práctica política. Ruiz-Giménez, embajador y ministro de Franco, fue una excepción entre los seglares católicos que colaboraron con la dictadura desempeñando altas responsabilidades de gobierno y, pese a todas las cautelas de su evolución personal, simbolizó para bastantes compañeros de su generación, así como para muchos jóvenes alumnos de las nuevas generaciones, la renuncia definitiva a toda legitimación del poder basada en la victoria de las armas o en el iusnaturalismo católico y la adopción irreversible del lenguaje de

  9. Perturbation and melting of snow and ice by the 13 November 1985 eruption of Nevado del Ruiz, Colombia, and consequent mobilization, flow and deposition of lahars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierson, T.C.; Janda, R.J.; Thouret, J.-C.; Borrero, C.A.

    1990-01-01

    A complex sequence of pyroclastic flows and surges erupted by Nevado del Ruiz volcano on 13 November 1985 interacted with snow and ice on the summit ice cap to trigger catastrophic lahars (volcanic debris flows), which killed more than 23,000 people living at or beyond the base of the volcano. The rapid transfer of heat from the hot eruptive products to about 10 km2 of the snowpack, combined with seismic shaking, produced large volumes of meltwater that flowed downslope, liquefied some of the new volcanic deposits, and generated avalanches of saturated snow, ice and rock debris within minutes of the 21:08 (local time) eruption. About 2 ?? 107 m3 of water was discharged into the upper reaches of the Molinos, Nereidas, Guali, Azufrado and Lagunillas valleys, where rapid entrainment of valley-fill sediment transformed the dilute flows and avalanches to debris flows. Computed mean velocities of the lahars at peak flow ranged up to 17 m s-1. Flows were rapid in the steep, narrow upper canyons and slowed with distance away from the volcano as flow depth and channel slope diminished. Computed peak discharges ranged up to 48,000 m3 s-1 and were greatest in reaches 10 to 20 km downstream from the summit. A total of about 9 ?? 107 m3 of lahar slurry was transported to depositional areas up to 104 km from the source area. Initial volumes of individual lahars increased up to 4 times with distance away from the summit. The sedimentology and stratigraphy of the lahar deposits provide compelling evidence that: (1) multiple initial meltwater pulses tended to coalesce into single flood waves; (2) lahars remained fully developed debris flows until they reached confluences with major rivers; and (3) debris-flow slurry composition and rheology varied to produce gradationally density-stratified flows. Key lessons and reminders from the 1985 Nevado del Ruiz volcanic eruption are: (1) catastrophic lahars can be generated on ice- and snow-capped volcanoes by relatively small eruptions; (2

  10. Perbedaan Daya Hambat Ekstrak Daun Sirih Hijau ( Piper betle L. dan Daun Sirih Merah ( Piper crocatum Ruiz & Pav terhadap Pertumbuhan Escherichia coli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tristika Aulia Syahrinastiti

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakSirih hijau (Piper betle L. dan sirih merah (Piper crocatum Ruiz & Pav dipercaya memiliki khasiat mencegah penyakit infeksi saluran kemih yang disebabkan oleh Escherichia coli. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menjelaskan perbedaan daya hambat ekstrak daun sirih hijaudan daun sirih merah terhadap pertumbuhan Escherichia coli. Jenis penelitian ini adalah eksperimental dengan desain post test only control group. Penelitian dilakukan di laboratorium mikrobiologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Andalas. Hasil penelitian adalah: 1. Efek daya hambat ekstrak daun sirih merah pada konsentrasi 2,5%, 5%, 7,5%, dan 10%, yaitu 0,6cm, 1,1cm, 1,2cm, dan 1,2cm; 2. Ekstrak daun sirih hijau tidak memiliki efek daya hambat pada konsentrasi 2,5%, 5%, 7,5%, dan 10%. Kesimpulan eksperimen ini adalah ekstrak daun sirih merah memiliki efek daya hambat lebih baik daripada ekstrak daun sirih hijau.Kata kunci: ekstrak daun sirih hijau, ekstrak daun sirih merah, escherichia coli, daerah bebas hambat AbstractGreen betel (Piper betle L. and red betel (Piper crocatum Ruiz & Pav are trusted of possessing an efficacy of preventing urinary tract infection caused by Eschericia coli. The objective of this study was to explain the difference of inhibition zones between the green betel and the red betel towards the growth of Eschericia coli. The type of this research was experimental study with post test only control group design. This research was carried out in Microbiology Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine Andalas University.The results of this research were: 1.The inhibition zones of red betel extract in concentration of 2.5%, 5%, 7.5%, and 10% were 0.6 cm, 1.1 cm, 1.2 cm, and 1.2 cm; 2. The extract of green betel had none of inhibition zones in concentration of of 2.5%, 5%, 7.5%, and 10%. In conclusion, the red betel extract has better inhibition zones than the green betel extrac.Keywords: green betel extract, red betel extract, eschericia coli, inhibition zone

  11. DOAS evaluation of volcanic SO2 using a modeled background spectrum: Examples from the NOVAC stations at Nevado del Ruiz (Colombia) and Tungurahua (Ecuador)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lübcke, Peter; Lampel, Johannes; Bobrowski, Nicole; Arellano, Santiago; Galle, Bo; Garzón, Gustavo; Hidalgo, Silvana; Vogel, Leif; Warnach, Simon; Platt, Ulrich

    2015-04-01

    to data from Nevado del Ruiz (Colombia) and Tungurahua (Ecuador). We investigated how often and under which circumstances SO2 contaminated background spectra occur and how big the effect on the SO2 emission rates is. At Nevado del Ruiz, although characterized currently by a large emission and therefore broad plume the NOVAC stations are installed at a distance of only 2-5 km from the volcano. At this volcano up to 30% of the scans underestimate the SO2 emission rate, with stronger underestimation occurring at low wind speeds (below 5 m/s). At Tungurahua, where the stations are installed at more than 5 km distance from the volcano preliminary results indicate that fewer scans are influenced by contaminated background spectra.

  12. A 3D geological model for the Ruiz-Tolima Volcanic Massif (Colombia): Assessment of geological uncertainty using a stochastic approach based on Bézier curve design

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Garcia, Javier; Jessell, Mark

    2016-09-01

    The Ruiz-Tolima Volcanic Massif (RTVM) is an active volcanic complex in the Northern Andes, and understanding its geological structure is critical for hazard mitigation and guiding future geothermal exploration. However, the sparsity of data available to constrain the interpretation of this volcanic system hinders the application of standard 3D modelling techniques. Furthermore, some features related to the volcanic system are not entirely understood, such as the connectivity between the plutons present in its basement (i.e. Manizales Stock, El Bosque Batholith). We have developed a methodology where two independent working hypotheses were formulated and modelled independently (i.e. a case where both plutons constitute distinct bodies, and an alternative case where they form one single batholith). A Monte Carlo approach was used to characterise the geological uncertainty in each case. Bézier curve design was used to represent geological contacts on input cross sections. Systematic variations in the control points of these curves allows us to generate multiple realisations of geological interfaces, resulting in stochastic models that were grouped into suites used to apply quantitative estimators of uncertainty. This process results in a geological representation based on fuzzy logic and in maps of model uncertainty distribution. The results are consistent with expected regions of high uncertainty near under-constrained geological contacts, while the non-unique nature of the conceptual model indicates that the dominant source of uncertainty in the area is the nature of the batholith structure.

  13. Bioactivity of Peumus boldus Molina, Laurelia sempervirens (Ruiz & Pav. Tul. and Laureliopsis philippiana (Looser Schodde (Monimiacea essential oils against Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Herrera-Rodríguez

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky is one of most important pest of stored seeds worldwide, but its current control method is based on the use of synthetic insecticides, usually leading to undesirable problems such as insecticide residues on treated food, human intoxications, and insect resistance development. Therefore the search of friendly alternative methods is required. The aim of this study was to assess, under laboratory conditions, the insecticidal properties of Peumus boldus Molina, Laurelia sempervirens (Ruiz & Pav. Tul., and Laureliopsis philippiana (Looser Schodde essential oils against S. zeamais. The phytochemical analysis of the three essential oils showed 1,8-cineole, safrole and methyleugenol as the common components; all of them documented with insecticidal activity from essential oils from other plant species. The highest toxicity (100% mortality of these three oils acting as a contact insecticide was observed at 24 h exposure at 4% concentration. The estimated LC50 values for P. boldus, L. sempervirens, and L. philippiana were 0.37, 1.02, and 0.28 μL g-1, respectively. Peumus boldus exhibited the highest fumigant activity with 100% adult mortality at 30 μL oil L-1 air. At ≥ 0.5% (v/w concentration, all essential oils showed repellent activity. These three essential oils showed a promissory insecticidal activity against the maize weevil.

  14. Juan Ruiz, Arcipreste de Hita, y Don Juan Manuel, Infante de Castilla : dos miradas para un mundo en crisis o la literatura como herramienta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matías Escalera Cordero

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Hace unos años -en el cuarto número de Verba Hispanica-, en un trabajo titulado Juan Ruiz, un hombre de nuestro tiempo -fundamentado en lo sustancial por las lecturas que del Libro de buen amor, y de la figura de su autor, habían hecho Américo Castro y Jullio Rodríguez Puértolas -, comprobamos cómo la premeditada -y, en absoluto, casualcomplejidad interna del Libro se cimienta no sólo en la diversidad de los materiales que contiene y lo construyen, sino, sobre todo, en la unidad de sentido, que podríamos nombrar proto/novelesca, del conjunto entero: articulada, primero, en tomo de la "ficción realista" -psicológica- del yo literario que los informa; en la lógica –intensamente dialéctica- que los organiza; y, finalmente, en la radical ironía mediante la que el autor desentraña y desactiva todos y cada uno de los -engañosos- discursos artísticos, religiosos e ideológicos dominantes en su tiempo; especialmente, el cortesano, el clerical y el monetario.

  15. Self-mixing magma in the Ruiz Peak rhyodacite (New Mexico, USA): A mechanism explaining the formation of long period polytypes of mica

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pignatelli, I.; Faure, F.; Mosser-Ruck, R.

    2016-12-01

    The rhyodacite of Ruiz Peak Volcano (New Mexico, USA) is an exceptional rock because it contains both long period and short period polytypes of mica. Our petrographic study shows that this rhyodacite is characterized by numerous disequilibrium textures of phenocrysts (mica, amphibole, clinopyroxene, olivine and plagioclase) contained within both dark-grey and reddish coloured groundmass. The presence of two groundmasses, as well as of disequilibrium textures (reaction rims, resorption, dendritic, skeletal morphologies, etc.) suggests a complex magmatic history. These two types of groundmass are not due to a mixing of magmas but result from a degassing process during the magma ascent in the conduit. The disequilibrium textures are interpreted to be the result of small, short-lived convection cells in the magmatic chamber, which may allow crystal-crystal, crystal-spiral and spiral-spiral interactions to occur, leading to the formation of long period polytypes of mica. For the first time, the relationships between the crystallographic features of mica and the host-rock formation are underlined in this study. It follows that long period polytypes of mica can be considered markers of the complex history of magmas.

  16. Late blight resistance gene from Solanum ruiz-ceballosii is located on potato chromosome X and linked to violet flower colour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Śliwka Jadwiga

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Phytophthora infestans (Mont. de Bary, the causal organism of late blight, is economically the most important pathogen of potato and resistance against it has been one of the primary goals of potato breeding. Some potentially durable, broad-spectrum resistance genes against this disease have been described recently. However, to obtain durable resistance in potato cultivars more genes are needed to be identified to realize strategies such as gene pyramiding or use of genotype mixtures based on diverse genes. Results A major resistance gene, Rpi-rzc1, against P. infestans originating from Solanum ruiz-ceballosii was mapped to potato chromosome X using Diversity Array Technology (DArT and sequence-specific PCR markers. The gene provided high level of resistance in both detached leaflet and tuber slice tests. It was linked, at a distance of 3.4 cM, to violet flower colour most likely controlled by the previously described F locus. The marker-trait association with the closest marker, violet flower colour, explained 87.1% and 85.7% of variance, respectively, for mean detached leaflet and tuber slice resistance. A genetic linkage map that consisted of 1,603 DArT markers and 48 reference sequence-specific PCR markers of known chromosomal localization with a total map length of 1204.8 cM was constructed. Conclusions The Rpi-rzc1 gene described here can be used for breeding potatoes resistant to P. infestans and the breeding process can be expedited using the molecular markers and the phenotypic marker, violet flower colour, identified in this study. Knowledge of the chromosomal localization of Rpi-rzc1 can be useful for design of gene pyramids. The genetic linkage map constructed in this study contained 1,149 newly mapped DArT markers and will be a valuable resource for future mapping projects using this technology in the Solanum genus.

  17. Regeneración de nogal cafetero (Cordia alliodora (Ruiz y Pav. Oken, a partir de organogénesis indirecta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lina María Londoño-Giraldo

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available En el estudio, utilizando organogénesis indirecta a partir de hoja cotiledonar se evaluó la regeneración de Cordia alliodora (Ruiz y Pav Oken, un árbol nativo de uso industrial, medicinal y ornamental. Para la desinfección de las semillas se utilizó hipoclorito de sodio al 3% por 15 min acompañado de la adición del preservante para plantas PPM® al medio de cultivo. En la fase de formación de callo fueron evaluados tres reguladores de crecimiento: BAP, Picloram y 2,4-D en concentraciones desde 0.5 hasta 12.5 mg/lt en condiciones de luz (12 h y oscuridad, obteniendo callo en todas ellos. Los callos fueron transferidos a los medios de cultivo (mg/lt: BAP (1, 2,4-D (7.5, Picloram (7.5 y a medio de cultivo sin reguladores de crecimiento. Después de 30 días de cultivo la mayoría de los callos se oxidaron, no obstante algunos cultivados en BAP (10 mg/lt mostraron brotes organogénicos. Los resultados obtenidos sugieren una vía de regeneración in vitro posible mediante organogénesis indirecta a partir de hoja cotiledonar y permiten proponer investigaciones posteriores para avanzar en la regeneración exitosa a partir de esta u otras técnicas de regeneración n vitro.

  18. Terrestrial Radar Interferometry and Structure-from-Motion Data from Nevado del Ruiz, Colombia for Improved Hazard Assessment and Volcano Monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodgers, M.; Dixon, T. H.; Gallant, E.; López, C. M.; Malservisi, R.; Ordoñez, M.; Richardson, J. A.; Voss, N. K.; Xie, S.

    2015-12-01

    Ground-based remote sensing geodesy has huge potential for volcano monitoring and improved modelling of volcanic hazards. Terrestrial Radar Interferometers (TRI) can rapidly and accurately create DEMs and repeat occupation of sites allows measurement of deformation. Structure-from-Motion (SfM) photogrammetry can be used to construct DEMs and SfM surveys can be carried out with relatively accessible equipment. TRI and SfM techniques are highly complimentary: The upper slopes of a volcano may be cloud covered, but can be imaged by TRI, whereas lower canyons may be in radar shadow, but can be imaged with SfM. Both methods are also complimentary to satellite observations (e.g. SRTM, ASTER), offering some advantages in terms of coverage and resolution. We present the acquisition of two new geodetic datasets at Nevado del Ruiz, Colombia (NRV). NRV is a large glacierised volcano that erupted in 1985, generating a glacier-derived lahar that killed over 23,000 people in the city of Armero and 2,000 people in the town of Chinchina. NRV is the most active volcano in Colombia and since 2012 has generated small eruptions (with no casualties) and constant gas and ash emissions. In early 2015, we collected data from several sites close to the crater of NRV and around the Azufrado drainage (the site of previous debris avalanches and lahars). The TRI was operated from three sites, while drone- and ground-based cameras ventured into the canyons to fill in radar shadow gaps. These data have three primary uses: 1) generation of high-precision DEMs for lahar modelling and visualisation of previous events, 2) imaging of summit glacier motion, and 3) establishing a baseline for long-term deformation studies. We discuss ground-based remote sensing geodetic data from high-tech (TRI) to low-tech (SfM) methods and show the importance of combining these complimentary datasets to improve DEMs for hazard modelling and volcano monitoring.

  19. “Los embrujos secretos del trópico”. Frontera amazónica y producción del espacio estatal en la obra cinematográfica de Jorge Ruiz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Pareja

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo estudia la obra cinematográfica de Jorge Ruiz utilizando la teoría socio-espacial de Henri Lefebvre. Argumenta que sus documentales, películas etnográficas y noticieros para el cine constituyen una totalidad discursiva que presenta estéticamente la producción del espacio estatal boliviano durante el siglo XX. A partir de una retórica audiovisual que juega con nociones de verticalidad, horizontalidad y centralidad, la obra de Ruiz posiciona el espacio andino como el eje de la modernización estatal y sitúa  a la cuenca amazónica en los márgenes del estado. Concluye que hacer visible la región amazónica en el discurso de la nación tuvo como efecto el desplazamiento de los antagonismos de clase en favor del conflicto entre centro y regiones.This article studies the cinematography of Jorge Ruiz making use of the socio-spatial theory of Henri Lefebvre. It argues that his documentaries, ethnographic films and newsreels for the cinema constitute a discursive totality that presents aesthetically the production of the Bolivian state space during the twentieth century. From an audiovisual rhetoric that plays with notions of verticality, horizontality and centrality, Ruiz’s work locates Andean space as the focal point of state modernization and situates the Amazon basin at the margins of the state. It concludes that in making the Amazon region visible in the nation’s discourse this had the effect of displacing class antagonisms in favor of the conflict between center and regions.

  20. Fungistatic Activity Of Essential Oils Extracted from Peumus boldus Mol., Laureliopsis philippiana (Looser Schodde and Laurelia sempervirens (Ruiz & Pav. Tul. (Chilean Monimiaceae Actividad Fungistática de Extractos de Aceites Asenciales de Peumus boldus Mol., Laureliopsis philippiana (Looser Schodde y Laurelia sempervirens (Ruiz & Pav. Tul. (Monimiaceae chilenas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magalis Bittner

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Components of essential oils from the Chilean Monimiaceae, boldo (Peumus boldus Mol., tepa (Laureliopsis philippiana (Looser Schodde, and laurel (Laurelia sempervirens (Ruiz & Pav. Tul. were determined using Gas Chromatography- Mass Spectrometry (GCMS and fungistatic activity of the essential oils was tested against Rhizoctonia solani Kühn (Donk, Pythium irregulare Buisman, Ceratocystis pilifera (Fr. C. Moreau, Phragmidium violaceum (Schultz G. Winter, and Fusarium oxysporum Schltdl. The essential oils of the Monimiaceae species shared some common components; all three had the 3-carene, α-phellandrene, and α-pinene terpenes. L. philippiana and L. sempervirens also had safrole.The main components were ascaridol in P. boldus oil, 3-carene in L. philippiana, and safrole in L. sempervirens. The essential oil from L. sempervirens showed the highest fungistatic activity with significant differences in dose as well as exposure. P. violaceum was the most sensitive strain and P. irregulare the most resistant of all the essential oils (P. boldus extract affected growth by only 19%. Therefore, essential oils from these three plants could be used to control the fungal strains studied.Se determinaron los compuestos de aceites esenciales de Monimiaceae chilenas, boldo (Peumus boldus Mol., tepa (Laureliopsis philippiana (Looser Schodde, y laurel (Laurelia sempervirens (Ruiz & Pav. Tul. a través de cromatografía de gas con espectrometría de masas (CG-EM y se midió la actividad fungistática de los aceites sobre los hongos Rhizoctonia solani Kühn (Donk, Pythium irregulare Buisman, Ceratocystis pilifera (Fr. C. Moreau, Phragmidium violaceum (Schultz Winter y Fusarium oxysporum Schltdl. Los aceites esenciales de las especies de Monimiaceae tienen algunos compuestos en común; en las especies estudiadas se encontró que todos tenían los terpenos 3-careno, α-felandreno, y α-pineno. L. philippiana y L. sempervirens además tienen safrol. En cambio

  1. El Transporte Terrestre a través de la Cordillera Cantábrica en Tiempos de Felipe II. Un Estudio a partir de la Correspondencia de Simón Ruiz con Laredo The ground transportation through the Cantabrian Mountains in times of Felipe II. A paper from correspondence of Simón Ruiz with Laredo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar LUCAS VILLANUEVA

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo analiza las condiciones y costes del transporte terrestre en tiempos de Felipe II en el ámbito de las relaciones comerciales entre Castilla y el espacio atlántico septentrional, a partir de la información proporcionada por las cartas comerciales del mercader Simón Ruiz. Los datos nos indican que las dificultades geográficas no fueron tan determinantes para el tráfico a través de la Cordillera Cantábrica como se había pensado hasta ahora. El artículo también aborda la cuestión de los costes que comportaban las operaciones de traslado de mercancías desde los puertos a los mercados del interior peninsular. Las fuentes nos permiten un detallado análisis de los mismos así como un cálculo de su cuantía en proporción a la suma total de la operación, relativizando la importancia de los mismos, lo que favorecería los traslados de mercancías por vía terrestre para distancias relativamente grandes.This paper analyzes the conditions and cost of ground transportation in times of Felipe II in the field of commercial between Castile and the North Atlantic area, based on information provided by the business letters belonging the merchant Simón Ruiz. The data indicate that the geographical difficulties were not as decisive for the traffic through the Cantabrian Mountains range as it had been thought so far. The article also deals with the subject of the costs that moving goods from ports to inland markets entailed. The sources make it possible a detailed analysis of those cost as well as an estimate of the amount in proportion to the total sum of the operation, giving less importance to them, which would help ground transportation of goods for relatively long distances.

  2. Activación de expresiones idiomáticas incompletas y prominencia semántica en la Sombra del Viento de Carlos Ruiz Zafón

    OpenAIRE

    Calle Rosingana, Gonzalo

    2014-01-01

    Las expresiones idiomáticas manifiestan comportamientos de tipos diversos, ya sea por su complejidad morfológica, por las reglas de composicionalidad o no/composicionalidad que las rigen o por el modo de inferir su significado. En la novela La sombra del viento, Carlos Ruiz Zafón experimenta con las propiedades de estos recursos lingüísticos a partir de grupos léxicos concretos cuyos componentes textuales suscitan expresiones idiomáticas. La prominencia semántica que ejercen el contexto y los...

  3. Gestión gerencial en la selección y contratación de talento humano del Hospital Rafael Ruiz, cantón Pujilí provincia de Cotopaxi 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Duque Torres, Gabriela Paulina

    2016-01-01

    El presente trabajo de investigación está encaminado a mejorar la calidad y calidez del personal del Hospital Rafael Ruiz del Cantón Pujilí, hacia el usuario externo; mediante proceso y subproceso previamente diseñados y que posteriormente se pondrán en práctica para la mejora continua y la gestión de talento humano. A nivel Internacional las viejas definiciones que usaban el término Recurso Humano se basan en la concepción de un hombre como un "sustituible" engranaje más de la maquinaria ...

  4. Activación de expresiones idiomáticas incompletas y prominencia semántica en la Sombra del Viento de Carlos Ruiz Zafón

    OpenAIRE

    Calle Rosingana, Gonzalo

    2014-01-01

    Las expresiones idiomáticas manifiestan comportamientos de tipos diversos, ya sea por su complejidad morfológica, por las reglas de composicionalidad o no/composicionalidad que las rigen o por el modo de inferir su significado. En la novela La sombra del viento, Carlos Ruiz Zafón experimenta con las propiedades de estos recursos lingüísticos a partir de grupos léxicos concretos cuyos componentes textuales suscitan expresiones idiomáticas. La prominencia semántica que ejercen el contexto y los...

  5. Constituintes químicos e avaliação das atividades antibacteriana e antiedematogênica de Aloysia gratissima (Gillies & Hook.) Tronc. e Aloysia virgata (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers., Verbenaceae

    OpenAIRE

    Fábio Vandresen; Elisângela Schmitt; Lucília Kato; Cecília Maria Alves de Oliveira; Ciomar Aparecida Bersani Amado; Cleuza Conceição da Silva

    2010-01-01

    O estudo químico de Aloysia gratissima (Gillies & Hook.) Tronc. e Aloysia virgata (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers., Verbenaceae, resultou no isolamento de quatorze substâncias. Suas estruturas foram determinadas com base nos dados de IV, RMN de ¹H e de 13C uni e bidimensionais e comparação com dados da literatura. A atividade antibacteriana do extrato bruto das folhas e caules e das frações de A. virgata, bem como as substâncias hoffmaniacetona e seu monoacetato, verbascosídeo e arenariosídeo, for...

  6. Obama ja McCaini lugu Ameerika presidendivalimistel : kes võidab? / Jonatan Vseviov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vseviov, Jonatan

    2008-01-01

    Autor analüüsib USA presidendikandidaatide Barack Obama ja John McCaini valimiskampaaniat, sellel ajal esitatavat lugu minevikust ja tulevikust, kus keskseks tegelaseks on kandidaat ise ning asepresidendikandidaatide valikut. Obamal on muutuste narratiiv - soov muuta senist poliitikat, McCainil aga narratiiv kogemustest ja sõltumatusest. Vt. samas: Barack Obama; John McCain; Hendrik Vosman. Obama valmistub koostama staaride kabinetti; Evelyn Kaldoja. Michelle Obamat võrreldakse Jackie Kennedyga; Missioonitundega õlleprintsess Cindy Hensley McCain

  7. Läänemere kallastel / John Allyne Gade ; tõlk. Jonatan Heinap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gade, John Allyne

    2008-01-01

    USA erivoliniku John Allyne Gade mälestused 1919. aasta külaskäigust Eestisse. Siin tegutses ta USA valitsuse vahemehena uue Eesti valitsuse, Eesti sõjaväe ning Vene valgete loodearmee vahel. Eestile osutatud teenete eest on ta autasustatud Eesti Vabadusristiga. - Lisa: Eric A. Johnson. John Allyne Gade. Lk. 300-301

  8. Läänemere kallastel / John Allyne Gade ; tõlk. Jonatan Heinap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gade, John Allyne

    2008-01-01

    USA erivoliniku John Allyne Gade mälestused 1919. aasta külaskäigust Eestisse. Siin tegutses ta USA valitsuse vahemehena uue Eesti valitsuse, Eesti sõjaväe ning Vene valgete loodearmee vahel. Eestile osutatud teenete eest on ta autasustatud Eesti Vabadusristiga. - Lisa: Eric A. Johnson. John Allyne Gade. Lk. 300-301

  9. Mariano Ruiz Funes : intelectual y político (1923-1953). Aportación a la modernización del sistema liberal-democrático en España y proyección internacional de su obra.

    OpenAIRE

    Gracia Arce, Beatriz

    2013-01-01

    Objetivos: Esta Tesis Doctoral aborda la figura del Catedrático de Derecho Penal, Mariano Ruiz-Funes, en sus múltiples facetas: como político comprometido con la II República y como activista en el gobierno republicano en el exilio, al tiempo que su trayectoria como intelectual y jurista en el exilio. En nuestro trabajo hemos profundizado en su biografía política e intelectual desde una perspectiva multidisciplinar, para intentar valorar el papel de Mariano Ruiz-Funes en el proyecto libera...

  10. Una carta de Jardiel Poncela a propósito de la versión cinematográfica de "Las inquietudes de Shanti Andía", por Arturo Ruiz Castillo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herrera, Javier

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available On the occasion of the premiere of Las inquietudes de Shanti Andía realized by Arturo Ruiz Castillo from Baroja’s homonymous novel, Jardiel Poncela writes an extensive letter to him, totally unpublished. It is possible to read in it considerations of great interest to know his aesthetic thought and his ideas about public, the role of the women, praises about the adaptation realized from the original novel, as well as interesting considerations on the relations between literature and cinema.

    Con motivo del estreno de Las inquietudes de Shanti Andía realizada por Arturo Ruiz Castillo a partir de la obra de Baroja, Jardiel Poncela le escribe una extensa carta, totalmente inédita, en la que, entre otras consideraciones de gran interés para conocer su pensamiento estético y sus ideas acerca del público y el papel de la mujer, le elogia la adaptación realizada de la obra barojiana al tiempo que le hace una serie de consideraciones teóricas muy interesantes sobre las relaciones entre la literatura y el cine.

  11. Field guides for excursions to the Nevado del Ruiz Volcano and to the Romeral Fault System (Colombia, in the frame of the Neotectonics of arc-continent collision concepts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Borrero Carlos

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Central Cordillera of Colombia near to the Nevado del Ruiz volcano, is a seismically active area above the subducting slab of the Nazca plate and deforming upper crust of the Andes. Buildings in the region require strengthening against the effects of both types of hazards: earthquakes and volcanoes. During these trips, we will discuss the 13
    November, 1985, Nevado del Ruiz Volcano eruption that destroyed the Armero city with about 22,000 deceases, as well the 25 January, 1999, Armenia earthquake (M 6.2 that killed about 2000 people and injured 4000 largely as the result of older, poorly 3 constructed buildings. The economic impact of the quake on the region was significant with about 8000 coffee farms either completely or partially destroyed and over 13,000 structures either partially damaged or completely destroyed.
    Both phenomena are associated to a large-transversal structure termed Caldas tear, which is controlling strong motion earthquakes and the Quaternary volcanism of the northern Andes.

  12. El estatuto de ciudadano de la Unión y su posible incidencia en el ámbito de aplicación del Derecho comunitario (STJUE Ruiz Zambrano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paloma Abarca Junco

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The Judgment of the Court of Justice of March 8th, 2011 (C-34/09 case Ruiz Zambrano against l'Office National de l'Emploi (ONEM of Belgium highlights an issue, already debated by the jurisprudence and the doctrine, concerning the right of residence of nationals of a third country who are the parents of a children national of a Member State. The approach taken in this case by the ECJ is novel in part due to the own approach to the questions and especially by the arguments around the status of citizen of the EU and the notion of citizenship itself. The key issue of the suit seeks to ascertain the impact of the European Union nationality of some underage children, who have not exercised their right of free movement, on the residency status (irregular of the parents who are nationals of a third country. If until now the premise that "it would be necessary to cross the border" to be covered by Community law was true, the sentence Ruiz Zambrano comes to question this premise to cover a “purely domestic” situation under the protective umbrella of the citizenship status and therefore extending the scope of application of Community law. This Judgment implies a review of one of the favorite topics for scholars -the notion of citizenship- to, from a different perspective, think about the impact of the status of citizen of the Union in the scope of application of Community law.

  13. Grúas Ruiz: Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ELIA GARCÍA MARTI

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The competitive strategies are the potential options for a business in order to compete better in specific markets, with given products or services, in such a way that the business generates a beneficial competitive position for itself. Even when the business intends to compete in a regional or local market, in order to succeed in a global context, businesses must conciliate two seemingly opposed concepts. In one hand businesses must have knowledge of its clients and the environment in which they act, in order to add value to them, while in the other hand they must look outside their own field and geography in order to add value to its customers through innovation. From the business point of view, companies must set out its competitive structure in accordance with those premises. A company from Jaén is a good example of this duality, maintaining overtime its competitive advantage. We believe that the foundation of this competitive advantage is its family ownership. The company makes things its own way, making use of knowledge and skills of its founder that has been able at the same time to transmit to the second generation.

  14. Constituintes químicos e avaliação das atividades antibacteriana e antiedematogênica de Aloysia gratissima (Gillies & Hook. Tronc. e Aloysia virgata (Ruiz & Pav. Pers., Verbenaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Vandresen

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available O estudo químico de Aloysia gratissima (Gillies & Hook. Tronc. e Aloysia virgata (Ruiz & Pav. Pers., Verbenaceae, resultou no isolamento de quatorze substâncias. Suas estruturas foram determinadas com base nos dados de IV, RMN de ¹H e de 13C uni e bidimensionais e comparação com dados da literatura. A atividade antibacteriana do extrato bruto das folhas e caules e das frações de A. virgata, bem como as substâncias hoffmaniacetona e seu monoacetato, verbascosídeo e arenariosídeo, foram avaliadas através do método de bioautografia e a atividade antiedematogênica foi avaliada pelo modelo de edema de orelha induzido para os extratos brutos e frações metanólicas de A. gratissima e A. virgata..

  15. Phytochemical Evaluation of Wild and Cultivated Pepper (Capsicum annuum L. and C. pubescens Ruiz & Pav. from Oaxaca, Mexico Evaluación Fitoquímica en Chile (Capsicum annuum L. and C. pubescens Ruiz & Pav. Silvestre y Cultivado en Oaxaca, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Araceli Minerva Vera-Guzmán

    2011-12-01

    positivamente con el contenido de fenoles totales y flavonoides. Los morfotipos evaluados difieren en el contenido de capsaicina y dihidrocapsaicina, en C. annuum fue mayor la cantidad de capsaicina (4.9 a 142 pig mL-1 que de dihidrocapsaicina (1.5 a 65.5 pg mL-1 y en C. pubescens Ruiz & Pav. el patrón fue inverso.

  16. Comentario a la presentación del libro "70 años del Cáncer en Colombia" del Académico Efraim Otero Ruiz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso Latiff Conde

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available

    Estoy maravillado con el monumental esfuerzo y trabajo de Efraim Otero-Ruiz en la producción de su portentoso libro “Setenta años del cáncer en Colombia”.

    Escrito en una prosa amena y armoniosa, su lectura es verdadero deleite intelectual para quien sigue la apasionante madeja que constituye toda la trama inicial y que envuelve la concepción, el nacimiento y el desarrollo de una institución para el tratamiento del cáncer en Colombia.

    Es apasionante la forma como Efraim toma el hilo de la historia desde sus primeras y más importantes incepciones.

    Es sin duda Claudio Regaud, Jefe del Laboratorio de Radiofisiología del Instituto de Radium de París, la figura clave en la iniciativa de creación de un Instituto de Radium en Colombia. Alfonso Esguerra Gómez, becario de la Institución adquiere una valiosa experiencia en el tratamiento de tumores superficiales de cara y cuello y descubre la famosa pasta Colombia que permite amoldarse sobre la piel mientras en su interior se colocan las agujas de radium.

    En la década de los veinte Regaud se convierte en la figura más prestante en el mundo en el manejo del radium y es invitado universalmente para comunicar no solo sus experiencias sino como consejero y orientador de la creación de institutos de radium en el mundo.

    La invitación a Regaud en 1928 para visitar el Perú es conocida por Alfonso Esguerra y allí por primera vez se organiza un movimiento de influencias que con agudo análisis describe Efraim Otero, para movilizar todas las fuerzas académicas y políticas con el fin de aprovechar esta oportunidad y obtener la visita de Regaud a Colombia.

    En varias ocasiones en el futuro, circunstancias similares harán necesaria la influencia de médicos, no solo eminentes sino dotados de excelentes conexiones sociales y políticas para crear el Instituto Nacional de Radium.

    Efraím se introduce por todos los vericuetos académicos, cient

  17. 《认知语言学:内在动力与跨学科互动》介绍%Francisco J. Ruiz de Mendoza Ibá(n)ez & M. Sandra Pe(n)a Cervel(eds.).2005.Cognitive Linguistics: Internal Dynamics and Interdisciplinary Interaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张云

    2008-01-01

    1.内容概览《认知语言学:内在动力与跨学科互动》一书由Francisco J.Ruiz de Mendoza Ibánez和M.Sandra Pena Cervel编辑,2005年由Moutonde Gruyter出版公司出版。全书432页,11篇论文,分为四个部分。

  18. Pyrophen Produced by Endophytic Fungi Aspergillus sp Isolated from Piper crocatum Ruiz and Pav Exhibits Cytotoxic Activity and Induces S Phase Arrest in T47D Breast Cancer Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Astuti, Puji; Erden, Willy; Wahyono; Wahyuono, Subagus; Hertiani, Triana

    2016-01-01

    Ethyl acetate extracts obtained from culture of endophytic fungi Aspergillus sp isolated from Piper crocatum Ruiz and Pav, have been shown to possess cytotoxic activity against T47D breast cancer cells. Investigations were here conducted to determine bioactive compounds responsible for the activity. Bioassay guided fractionation was employed to obtain active compounds. Structure elucidation was performed based on analysis of LC-MS, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, COSY, DEPT, HMQC, HMBC data. Cytotoxity assays were conducted in 96 well plates against T47D and Vero cell lines. Bioassay guided isolation and chemical investigation led to the isolation of pyrophen, a 4-methoxy-6-(1'-acetamido-2'-phenylethyl)-2H-pyran-2-one. Further analysis of its activity against T47D and Vero cells showed an ability to inhibit the growth of T47D cells with IC50 values of 9.2 μg/mL but less cytotoxicity to Vero cells with an IC50 of 109 μg/mL. This compound at a concentration of 400 ng/mL induced S-phase arrest in T47D cells.

  19. El Transporte Terrestre a través de la Cordillera Cantábrica en Tiempos de Felipe II. Un Estudio a partir de la Correspondencia de Simón Ruiz con Laredo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar LUCAS VILLANUEVA

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo analiza las condiciones y costes del transporte terrestre en tiempos de Felipe II en el ámbito de las relaciones comerciales entre Castilla y el espacio atlántico septentrional, a partir de la información proporcionada por las cartas comerciales del mercader Simón Ruiz. Los datos nos indican que las dificultades geográficas no fueron tan determinantes para el tráfico a través de la Cordillera Cantábrica como se había pensado hasta ahora. El artículo también aborda la cuestión de los costes que comportaban las operaciones de traslado de mercancías desde los puertos a los mercados del interior peninsular. Las fuentes nos permiten un detallado análisis de los mismos así como un cálculo de su cuantía en proporción a la suma total de la operación, relativizando la importancia de los mismos, lo que favorecería los traslados de mercancías por vía terrestre para distancias relativamente grandes.

  20. DISCUSSION ON THE PAPER: "THE GEOLOGICAL RECORD OF THE OLDEST HISTORICAL TSUNAMIS IN SOUTHWESTERN SPAIN" BY FRANCISCO RUIZ, MANUEL ABAD, JOAQUÍN RODRÍGUEZ VIDAL, LUIS MIGUEL CÁCERES, MARÍA LUZ GONZÁLEZ-REGALADO, MARÍA ISABEL CARRETERO, MANUEL POZO & FRANCISCO GÓMEZ TOSCANO, PUBLISHED IN RIVISTA ITALIANA DI PALEONTOLOGIA E STRATIGRAFIA, 114(1: 147-156 (2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANTONIO RODRÍGUEZ-RAMÍREZ

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Comments on the paper “The Geological record of the oldest historical tsunamis in southwestern Spain” by Francisco Ruiz, Manuel Abad, Joaquín Rodríguez Vidal, Luis Miguel Cáceres, María Luz González-Regalado, María Isabel Carretero, Manuel Pozo & Francisco Gómez Toscano.

  1. Early somatic embryogenesis in Heliconia chartacea Lane ex Barreiros cv. Sexy Pink ovary section explants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Ulisses

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available The present work evaluated the development of embryogenic callus from transversal ovary sections. The experiments were carried out under two experimental regimes using combinations of IAA (0; 5.71; 8.56; 11.42; 14.27μM and 2,4-D (0; 13.57; 18.10; 22.62μM or combinations of 2,4-D with BA (0; 4.43; 6.65; 8.87; 11.09μM. Assessments were made of anatomical aspects of the callus and for the presence of embryogenic structures using cytochemical and histological analyses and stereomicroscopic and scanning electronic microscopic observations. Treatments with 2,4-D and IAA produced friable calluses demonstrating cellular acquisition of morphogenetic competence as well as the formation of pro-embryogenic sectors. The expression of embryogenic program could be observed, with proembryogenic cell clusters developing into globular embryos. These results offer the possibility of using new types of explants for culturing helicons that avoid the growth of endophytic bacteria.Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a resposta de secções transversais de ovários e o desenvolvimento de calos embriogênicos. O experimento constou de dois ensaios. No primeiro avaliou-se combinações entre AIA (0; 5.71; 8.56; 11.42; 14.27μM e 2,4-D (0; 13.57; 18.10; 22.62μM e no segundo avaliou-se as concentrações de 2,4-D supracitadas, combinadas com concentrações de BA (0; 4.43; 6.65; 8.87; 11.09μM. Os calos formados foram avaliados quanto à presença de estruturas embriogênicas utilizando-se estereomicroscópio, microscópio eletrônico de varredura, além de análises citoquímicas e histológicas. Combinações entre 2,4-D e AIA induziram a formação de calos friáveis com setores pró-embriogênicos, refletindo a aquisição de competência morfogenética. Posteriormente foi observada a expressão do programa embriogênico quando massas pró-embriogências desenvolveram-se formando embriões somáticos. Esses resultados apresentam uma alternativa para a utilização de um tipo de explante que possibilita o cultivo in vitro de helicônia sem o desenvolvimento de bactérias endofíticas.

  2. Evidence of recent deep magmatic activity at Cerro Bravo-Cerro Machín volcanic complex, central Colombia. Implications for future volcanic activity at Nevado del Ruiz, Cerro Machín and other volcanoes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Londono, John Makario

    2016-09-01

    In the last nine years (2007-2015), the Cerro Bravo-Cerro Machín volcanic complex (CBCMVC), located in central Colombia, has experienced many changes in volcanic activity. In particular at Nevado del Ruiz volcano (NRV), Cerro Machin volcano (CMV) and Cerro Bravo (CBV) volcano. The recent activity of NRV, as well as increasing seismic activity at other volcanic centers of the CBCMVC, were preceded by notable changes in various geophysical and geochemical parameters, that suggests renewed magmatic activity is occurring at the volcanic complex. The onset of this activity started with seismicity located west of the volcanic complex, followed by seismicity at CBV and CMV. Later in 2010, strong seismicity was observed at NRV, with two small eruptions in 2012. After that, seismicity has been observed intermittently at other volcanic centers such as Santa Isabel, Cerro España, Paramillo de Santa Rosa, Quindío and Tolima volcanoes, which persists until today. Local deformation was observed from 2007 at NRV, followed by possible regional deformation at various volcanic centers between 2011 and 2013. In 2008, an increase in CO2 and Radon in soil was observed at CBV, followed by a change in helium isotopes at CMV between 2009 and 2011. Moreover, SO2 showed an increase from 2010 at NRV, with values remaining high until the present. These observations suggest that renewed magmatic activity is currently occurring at CBCMVC. NRV shows changes in its activity that may be related to this new magmatic activity. NRV is currently exhibiting the most activity of any volcano in the CBCMVC, which may be due to it being the only open volcanic system at this time. This suggests that over the coming years, there is a high probability of new unrest or an increase in volcanic activity of other volcanoes of the CBCMVC.

  3. Estrategia didáctica sustentada en la teoría de las relaciones humanas de Elton Mayo, para mejorar los niveles de relaciones interpersonales de los docentes del nivel primario de la escuela profesional de Educación de la Universidad Nacional "Pedro Ruiz Gallo", Lambayeque, año 2011.

    OpenAIRE

    Diaz Pita, Omar.

    2015-01-01

    La presente investigación tiene como objetivo Diseñar una Estrategia Didáctica para mejorar las relaciones interpersonales de los Docentes de la Escuela Profesional de Educación, Nivel Primario, de la Universidad Nacional "Pedro Ruiz Gallo" de Lambayeque. Para ello se aplicó una guía de observación, encuestas, entrevistas y testimonios. Luego de haber terminado esta parte se procedió a examinar el problema a la luz de la Teoría de las Relaciones Humanas de Elton Mayo y la Teoría de las Técnic...

  4. Estilos de enseñanza de los docentes universitarios de la facultad de educación de la Universidad Nacional Federico Villareal, Universidad Nacional Pedro Ruiz Gallo y del Departamento de Matemática de la Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina

    OpenAIRE

    Collantes Hidalgo, José Arnaldo

    2016-01-01

    La tesis busca identificar los estilos de enseñanza de los docentes universitarios de las Facultades de Educación de la Universidad Nacional Federico Villareal, de la Facultad de Ciencias Históricos Sociales y Educación de la Universidad Nacional Pedro Ruiz Gallo y del Departamento de Matemática de la Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina. La metodología de investigación se enmarca dentro de un paradigma positivista, cuantitativo y descriptivo. Para lo cual, se aplicó el cuestionario de Esti...

  5. MARGARITA PENA, Juan Ruiz de Alarcón ante la crítica, en las colecciones y en los acervos documentales. México, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla-Miguel Ángel Porrúa, 2000

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Debo decir que el mas reciente libro de Margarita Peña, Juan Ruiz de Alarcón ante la critica, en las colecciones y en los acervos documentales, ciertamente constituye un trabajo muy sólido, exhaustivo y propositivo, pues además de ser una importante  aportación para los estudios alarconianos, contiene una visión analítica que incluye tanto la revisión critica de materiales de diversa índole, como la exposición de muy interesantes hipótesis que abarcan la biografía y la obra del dramaturgo nov...

  6. Treinta años después de la erupción del volcán Nevado del Ruiz: memorias, voces, reparación y escenarios de participación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviana Ramírez Loaiza

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo de investigación tiene como objetivos: primero, describir las tendencias y los aspectos de la memoria narrada en sobrevivientes de la tragedia de 1985, a causa de la erupción del volcán Nevado del Ruiz, en Caldas y Tolima; segundo, conocer su incidencia en los modos de habitar de personas que actualmente viven en zonas de alto riesgo volcánico. La estrategia metodológica se apoyó en algunas técnicas e instrumentos empleados en el Proyecto Strengthening Resilience in Volcanic Areas (streva, caso Colombia, cuyo propósito fue comprender los procesos de recuperación social de actores comunitarios sobrevivientes de esa erupción. En el análisis hermenéutico-narrativo, a partir de los datos, se identificaron las narrativas como alternativas para conocer la historia, reinterpretar lenguajes y contextos, y marcar diferentes rutas que convoquen a la reivindicación del pasado. Finalmente, tres apartados evidencian las principales tendencias narrativas halladas en el análisis, apoyadas en discusiones teóricas de Blair (2005, Almanza (2012 y Narváez, Lavell y Pérez (2009: Memoria y victimización, Responsabilidades y zona de alto riesgo, y Afrontamiento y ciudadanía activa. Si bien, aún no se visibilizan prácticas comunitarias alrededor de la gestión del riesgo de desastres, se despliegan construcciones de memorias narradas, que aportan al renacer de la agencia social en cada uno de los territorios; así como memorias que enfatizan los escenarios de participación que han cumplido funciones de reconocimiento, en los ámbitos individual y colectivo, dignificando los modos de vida de cada sobreviviente; y comprensiones frente a los habitantes en alto riesgo, entre quienes el acto de vecindad puede tener un papel prospectivo en sí, de cuidado del otro y de sí mismo. Se concluye, que las personas sobrevivientes, participantes de la investigación, muestran una tendencia ante la memoria, conminada por el recuerdo, el

  7. Comment on F.J.Ernst, V.S.Manko and E.Ruiz "On interrelations between Sibgatullin's and Alekseev's approaches to the construction of exact solutions of the Einstein-Maxwell equations" (J.Phys.:Conf.Ser.229(2010)012050; arXiv:1006.5118)

    CERN Document Server

    Alekseev, G A

    2010-01-01

    The necessity of this Comment was invoked by numerous mistakes, erroneous discussions and misleading citations curiously collected in the paper of F.J.Ernst, V.S.Manko and E.Ruiz and concerning the interrelations between two integral equation methods developed for solution of Einstein - Maxwell equations more than twenty five years ago. At first, we clarify the origin of the errors in the paper of F.J.Ernst, V.S.Manko and E.Ruiz which gave rise to so curious authors "conclusions" as that the monodromy transform integral equations "...are simple combinations of Sibgatullin's integral equations and normalizing conditions..." or even that "...in the electrovac case Alekseev's integral equations are erroneous...". In the Comment, the way of correct derivation of Sibgatullin's reduction of the Hauser and Ernst integral equations in the context of the monodromy transform approach is briefly outlined. In response to various speculations and priority claims collected in the section 3 of the F.J.Ernst, V.S.Manko and E...

  8. Juan Ruiz, un hombre de nuestro tiempo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matías Escalera Cordero

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available Alguien. Cual.quiera. Nos cuenta una historia. Es la historia del rico emperador de las viandas. Es la historia de una escuálida hembra, adusta como el tiempo que anuncia. De un reto. Son ejércitos de chuletas y de pechugas. Son sardinas, boquerones y arenques. Trabados en confusa reyerta. En batalla encarnizada.

  9. Margarita Peña, Juan Ruiz de Alarcón ante la crítica, en las colecciones y en los acervos documentales, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla/Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana/Miguel Ángel Porrúa, México, 2000, 324 pp.

    OpenAIRE

    Vallejo Cervantes, Gabriela

    2005-01-01

    Dentro de la larga bibliografía alarconiana, el libro de Margarita Peña hace una verdadera contribución. Figura señera de la historia literaria del teatro del Siglo de Oro, Juan Ruiz de Alarcón ha sido uno de los dramaturgos más estudiados desde el siglo XVIII. A partir de la publicación de sus comedias en 1628 (Madrid, por Juan González) y 1634 (Barcelona, por Sebastián Comellas) hasta los primeros comentarios de Fabio Franchi (siglo XVII, en las Exequias poéticas a la muerte de Lope) y de P...

  10. Dos visiones hispano-medievales de un cuento del Egipto faraónico: variaciones de Abū Ḥāmid Al-Garnāṭī y Juan Ruiz de Alcalá, Arcipreste de Hita, sobre El príncipe predestinado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bellido Morillas, José María

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The Ramessid Egyptian tale «The Doomed Prince» had a Greek version, by Diodorus Siculus, an Islamic Egyptian version, collected by Abū Ḥāmid Al-Garnāṭī, and a Castillian version, by Juan Ruiz of Alcalá, related to the Persian versions (following Edgar Knowlton more than to the Celtic and neo-Latin ones. This pressence of the tale in Spain can be completed with the modern version of José Ramón Mélida. In this article we will study the relation of the Hispanic versions with the prototypic text. The wisdom of the wonderful 19th-century scholar Marcelino Menéndez y Pelayo will be continuously alleged.El cuento egipcio ramésida de «El príncipe predestinado» conoce una versión griega, por Diodoro de Sicilia, una versión árabo-egipcia, recogida por Abū Ḥāmid Al-Garnāṭī, y una versión castellana, por Juan Ruiz de Alcalá, más relacionado con las versiones persas (según Edgar Knowlton que con las neo-latinas y celtas. Esta presencia del cuento en España puede completarse con la moderna traducción de José Ramón Mélida. En el presente artículo estudiaremos las relaciones de las dos versiones hispanas con el texto prototípico. Haremos continua referencia a la sabiduría del erudito del siglo XIX Marcelino Menéndez y Pelayo.

  11. Análisis arqueofaunísticos de los sitios Loma Ruiz 1 y El Tigre (Partidos de Villarino y Patagones, provincia de Buenos Aires: Aportes para el conocimiento de la subsistencia en el valle inferior del río Colorado durante el Holoceno tardío Archaeofaunistic analysis of Loma Ruiz 1 and El Tigre sites (Villarino and Patagones districts, Buenos Aires province, Argentina: a contribution to knowledge of subsistence in the lower basin of the colorado river during the late Holocene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Stoessel

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presentan los resultados obtenidos a partir de los análisis llevados a cabo en los conjuntos faunísticos de los sitios Loma Ruiz 1 y El Tigre (Partidos de Villarino y Patagones, provincia de Buenos Aires. El objetivo general es contribuir al conocimiento de la subsistencia de los grupos cazadores-recolectores que habitaron el valle inferior del río Colorado durante el Holoceno tardío. A partir de los estudios arqueofaunísticos realizados en los conjuntos mencionados, sumado a la evidencia faunística proveniente de otros sitios arqueológicos del área y a la información proporcionada por los análisis de isótopos estables y de los materiales de molienda se planteó un patrón preliminar de subsistencia. Dicho patrón sugiere que durante el Holoceno tardío inicial (ca. 3000-1000 años AP la subsistencia estuvo basada en la explotación del guanaco, complementada con el consumo de venado de las pampas y ñandú y con aportes de recursos vegetales. Sin embargo, se plantea que hacia el Holoceno tardío final (ca. 1000-300 años AP habría existido un espectro mayor de especies faunísticas explotadas, con la incorporación a la dieta de taxa de menor tamaño (i.e., peludo, piche, el aporte de recursos fluviales (percas, posiblemente marinos y vegetales.In this paper, the results obtained from an analysis carried out on the faunal assemblages of the Loma Ruiz 1 and El Tigre sites (Villarino and Patagones Districts, Buenos Aires Province are presented. The general objective is to contribute to insights into the subsistence of hunter-gatherer groups who inhabited the lower basin of the Colorado River during the late Holocene. A preliminary subsistence pattern is presented on the basis of the archaeofaunal analysis, faunal evidence originating from other archaeological sites in the area, and the information provided by the analysis of stable isotopes and grinding materials. This pattern suggests a subsistence strategy based

  12. Tree ring study of Cordia alliodora (Ruiz & Pav. in Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Maria Briceño

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Cordia alliodora has a high ecological and economical value in the dry forest of Colombia. We documented the relationship between tree growth and climate variables (total annual precipitation, mean annual temperature and the southern oscillation index (SOI in this study. Standard dendrochronological methods were applied on 28 individuals. Presence of annual growth rings weas defined by semicircular porosity and terminal parenchyma. The tree-ring chronology spanned over the period 1944-2013 (70 years. Gompertz model was the mathematical function that best represented the growth. Radial growth was positively influenced by total annual precipitation and negatively related to mean annual temperature. There was no relation between tree growth and the SOI index (indicator of El Niño/La Niña events. A spectral density analysis of the residual tree-ring chronology showed a periodicity of 3.3 years cycle, similar to those cycles recorded on the precipitation and temperature series. According to the results, C. alliodora diameter growth would peak 205.5 cm at 65 years old.

  13. La identidad corporativa de la firma Charo Ruiz Ibiza

    OpenAIRE

    López Cano, Marina

    2016-01-01

    Los conceptos "moda" y "comunicación" guardan una estrecha relación visible desde distintas perspectivas. Aquí, se tratará la comunicación de la identidad corporativa y visual de una firma de moda. En concreto, esta investigación se propone descubrir si a través de una identidad visual coherente y unificada se transmiten correctamente las creencias que guían el comportamiento empresarial, es decir, si estas son bien percibidas por sus públicos y además, crean un vínculo de identificación y co...

  14. Informe de personal de apoyo: Ruiz, Carola (2011-2012)

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz, Carola

    2012-01-01

    Proyectos de investigación en los cuales colabora: a)Estudio sobre alimentación, actividad física y estado nutricional de las escuelas medias públicas de la Provincia de Buenos Aires b)Talleres sobre alimentación, actividad física y salud para escuelas primarias en el marco del proyecto de extensión universitaria “Desde el puente. Acciones territoriales y redes interinstitucionales para la promoción de la salud ...

  15. Comentario Académico Efraim Otero Ruiz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efraim Otero Ruiz

    1996-11-01

    Full Text Available

    Con la insistencia que le es característica, el Académico José Félix Patiño nos reitera, o mejor, nos repica una vez más, en esta Academia, sobre la importancia de lo que él llama el nuevo paradigma, el de la informática, en la formación y el desempeño del médico contemporáneo. Creo que se me ha escogido a mí para ser su comentarista por haber sido la única persona que, en el curso de 15 años, lo ha acompañado solidariamente (aunque a veces nos separen distancias físicas y hasta profesionales verdaderamente anchurosas en lo esencial de esta idea, desde cuando fundamos, en 1981, el programa «FEPAFEM-COLCIENCIAS-OFA» de Informática Biomédica que desde entonces recibió el nombre de INFORMED.
    El fue el primero, quizás el único, que captó, en un momento determinado, las perspectivas que abría a la enseñanza y a la investigación médicas el primer programa de computador «en línea», abierto por la National Library of Medicine de los Estados Unidos (llamado desde entonces MEDLARSMEDLINE y lo que podría lograr de él Colombia y Latinoamérica, dadas incluso nuestras precarias comunicaciones y la inexistencia, por entonces entre nosotros, de los computadores personales. A esa visión pionera y a esa persistencia en una idea realizada fructíferamente, debe rendírsele reconocimiento, admiración y homenaje.
    Thomas Kuhn, en su libro «La estructura de las revoluciones científicas»! ha dicho que éstas se cumplen, justamente, mediante el establecimiento de nuevos paradigmas que reemplazan a otros ya decadentes u obsoletos. Si miramos la historia de las comunicaciones a través de la evolución de la humanidad, vemos que el primer paradigma se establece con la aparición del lenguaje escrito, quizás en el momento que surgen las tabletas de barro y el cunciforme de las culturas mesopotámicas; pero por su misma dificultad tecnológica, por ser una artesanía (que alcanza su punto más alto con los manuscritos de los monjes medievales, la escritura no cumple sino en forma muy limitada la función de comunicación en el mundo antiguo.
    Tendrá que surgir otro paradigma, el de la imprenta, a mediados del siglo XV para que, apenas transcurrido menos de un siglo, todos los libros de que dispone la humanidad pasen de ocho mil a ocho millones lográndose que el descubrimiento, desde todo un continente hasta lo más pequeño y detallado de su contenido, sea conocido por toda la humanidad en cuestión de meses o de años, lo que antes hubiera tardado centurias...

    Con la insistencia que le es característica, el Académico José Félix Patiño nos reitera, o mejor, nos repica una vez más, en esta Academia, sobre la importancia de lo que él llama el nuevo paradigma, el de la informática, en la formación y el desempeño del médico contemporáneo. Creo que se me ha escogido a mí para ser su comentarista por haber sido la única persona que, en el curso de 15 años, lo ha acompañado solidariamente (aunque a veces nos separen distancias físicas y hasta profesionales verdaderamente anchurosas en lo esencial de esta idea, desde cuando fundamos, en 1981, el programa «FEPAFEM-COLCIENCIAS-OFA» de Informática Biomédica que desde entonces recibió el nombre de INFORMED.

    El fue el primero, quizás el único, que captó, en un momento determinado, las perspectivas que abría a la enseñanza y a la investigación médicas el primer programa de computador «en línea», abierto por la National Library of Medicine de los Estados Unidos (llamado desde entonces MEDLARSMEDLINE y lo que podría lograr de él Colombia y Latinoamérica, dadas incluso nuestras precarias comunicaciones y la inexistencia, por entonces entre nosotros, de los computadores personales. A esa visión pionera y a esa persistencia en una idea realizada fructíferamente, debe rendírsele reconocimiento, admiración y homenaje.

    Thomas Kuhn, en su libro «La estructura de las revoluciones científicas»! ha dicho que éstas se cumplen, justamente, mediante el establecimiento de nuevos paradigmas que reemplazan a otros ya decadentes u obsoletos. Si miramos la historia de las comunicaciones a través de la evolución de la humanidad, vemos que el primer paradigma se establece con la aparición del lenguaje escrito, quizás en el momento que surgen las tabletas de barro y el cunciforme de las culturas mesopotámicas; pero por su misma dificultad tecnológica, por ser una artesanía (que alcanza su punto más alto con los manuscritos de los monjes medievales, la escritura no cumple sino en forma muy limitada la función de comunicación en el mundo antiguo.

    Tendrá que surgir otro paradigma, el de la imprenta, a mediados del siglo XV para que, apenas transcurrido menos de un siglo, todos los libros de que dispone la humanidad pasen de ocho mil a ocho millones lográndose que el descubrimiento, desde todo un continente hasta lo más pequeño y detallado de su contenido, sea conocido por toda la humanidad en cuestión de meses o de años, lo que antes hubiera tardado centurias.

    - See more at: http://encolombia.com/medicina/revistas-medicas/academedicina/va-44/comentarioefraimotero/#sthash.cWRGt6qC.dpuf

  16. Cytogenetic characterization of Aloysia virgata Ruiz and Pavan (Verbenaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Dias Brandão

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Since previous cytogenetic reports of Aloysia have only described the meiotic behavior and chromosomal number of some species, the aim of this work was to provide detailed cytogenetic description of Aloysia virgata that would contribute to the understanding of the taxonomical organization of the Verbenaceae. Aloysia virgata had a karyotype with 2n = 36 metacentric chromosomes, all with similar size. The large amount of heterochromatin seen after Giemsa staining was confirmed by C-banding. Four nucleolar organizer regions (NORs were detected with an rDNA 45S probe in two homologous pairs and two sites of 5S rDNA located on one chromosomal pair were detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization. The interphase nucleus was classified as semi-reticulate. Meiotic analysis showed a normal chromosomal behavior, with 18 bivalents in some parts of prophase I and in metaphase I. The number of chromosomes, NORs and 5S rDNA segments did not exclude a possible polyploid origin.O gênero Aloysia reúne aproximadamente 30 espécies, porém sua circunscrição tem sido motivo de controvérsia. São poucos os estudos citogenéticos para o gênero, relatando apenas o número e o comportamento cromossômico. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo, identificar os caracteres citogenéticos de Aloysia virgata da flora brasileira que possam ser utilizados para um melhor entendimento e caracterização dos aspectos citogenéticos da família Verbenaceae, que possam contribuir para a organização taxonômica do grupo. Aloysia virgata apresentou cariótipo com 2n = 36 pequenos cromossomos, todos com o mesmo tamanho. Grande quantidade de heterocromatina foi observada com Giemsa e confirmada pela técnica de banda C. Foram detectadas quatro regiões organizadoras de nucléolo (NORs e dois sítios de rDNA 5S pela técnica de hibridação in situ fluorescente (FISH. O núcleo interfásico foi classificado como semireticulado. Foi realizada a caracterização meiótica, na qual os cromossomos apresentaram comportamento normal, com a presença de 18 bivalentes na prófase I e na metáfase I. O número de cromossomos, de NORs e de segmentos de DNAr 5S não excluem uma possível origem poliplóide.

  17. Cytogenetic characterization of Aloysia virgata Ruiz and Pavan (Verbenaceae)

    OpenAIRE

    Aline Dias Brandão; Lyderson Facio Viccini; Shirlei Maria Recco-Pimentel

    2009-01-01

    Since previous cytogenetic reports of Aloysia have only described the meiotic behavior and chromosomal number of some species, the aim of this work was to provide detailed cytogenetic description of Aloysia virgata that would contribute to the understanding of the taxonomical organization of the Verbenaceae. Aloysia virgata had a karyotype with 2n = 36 metacentric chromosomes, all with similar size. The large amount of heterochromatin seen after Giemsa staining was confirmed by C-banding. Fou...

  18. Wilfrido Ruiz Ochoa, Gabriel Tapia Tovar, M. Ángel Vite Pérez y Redi Gomis (Coords.. (2015. Agrupamientos productivos y redes empresariales en México. Visión regional y experiencias de caso. México: Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo (UMSNH, Facultad de Economía “Vasco de Quiroga” Centro de Investigaciones Económicas, Administrativas y Sociales (CIECAS. ISBN 978-607-8116-38-6

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvador González-Andrade

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available El libro revisa y analiza algunos de los factores que influyen en el desarrollo económico regional y nacional, tales como: formación de clusters, redes empresariales y los impactos del crecimiento económico sobre el medio ambiente. La obra reúne un conjunto de ocho estudios que abordan diversos enfoques de análisis de los determinantes del crecimiento de las manufacturas y de otros ramos económicos significativos del país, incluye también otros de naturaleza local donde confluyen procesos socio territoriales que influyen en el crecimiento y desarrollo económico regional. Los argumentos de los autores principalmente se sustentan en modelos econométricos, y también en análisis cualitativo. El libro se divide en tres partes, Productividad y externalidades está formada por dos capítulos, Redes empresariales y clusters conformada por tres capítulos y Sustentabilidad ambiental y desarrollo regional compuesta por tres capítulos. Los coordinadores del libro Ruiz, Tapia, Vite y Gomis, trataron de hacer una integración de los temas, aunque de inicio reconocen que este esfuerzo de integración es aún incompleto. La mayor parte de las contribuciones son producto de las tesis de obtención de grado de egresados y de sus tutores en el postgrado de El Colegio de la Frontera Norte. En las páginas finales del libro se da una breve presentación de la trayectoria académica de cada uno de los autores que hicieron un aporte en la obra.

  19. Antonio Machado y Ruiz (1875-1939) / koost. ja tlk. Andres Ehin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Hispaania luuletajast Antonio Machadost. Sisaldab ka autori luuletusi "Vanasõnad ja laulud XXIX", "Kas mu süda on uinunud?", "Kõrgmaa laulud", "Tuul, toreda päeva tuul", "Eile öösel nägin und", "Neli luuletust"

  20. Studies in Moraceae III. Additional notes on the genus Clarisia Ruiz et Pavon Emend. Lanj.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lanjouw, J.; Rossberg, G.

    1936-01-01

    Some months ago the first author published in his Studies in Moraceae II (Rec. trav. bot. néerl. XXXIII, 1936, pp. 254—276) a synopsis of the genus Clarisia R. & P. The second author traced in the Berlin Herbarium a specimen of this genus which had been described in 1821 as Excoecaria ilicifolia

  1. FLORAL VISITORS IN SALVIA RHOMBIFOLIA RUIZ & PAVON (LAMIACEAE IN LIMA, PERU: A BEE-POLLINATED SPECIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lianka Cairampoma

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available We study the mechanisms, rates and agents involved in pollination and subsequent reproduction of Salvia rhombifolia. It characterized its floral visitors by recorded their visit frequency, also wemeasured its reproductive success by the percentage of seed production. Four bee species, one dipterous species and two hummingbird species were seen visiting flowers. Due hummingbirds were not actively carry pollen during their visits, they were classified as opportunistic; on the other hand, three bee species were principal pollinators because they carry and actively transfer pollen among S. rhombifolia flowers.

  2. Antonio José Ruiz de Padrón : sacerdote, diputado, ilustrado y liberal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose I. Algueró Cuervo

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available Nació este ilustre canario en la Villa de San Sebastián de La Gomera, el día 9 de noviembre de 1757, en una vivienda, aún conservada, de la actualmente conocida como Calle del Medio.

  3. Discurso de Posesión del Doctor Efraím Otero Ruiz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efraim Otero Ruiz

    1990-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Señor Expresidente Betancur y señora de Betancur.
    Señor Viceministro de Salud.
    Señor doctor Jorge Cavelier, Presidente y demás miembros de la Junta Directiva saliente.
    Señor Secretario Perpetuo.
    Señores Académicos.
    Señoras, señores.

    Resulta doblemente exultante el poder acceder aquí, esta noche, ‘al sillón de los Presidentes de la Academia Nacional de Medicina: por una parte, por el cálido desafío que significa el tener que suceder, desprevenida y casi que obligatoriamente a un hombre de las cualidades personales y profesionales de Jorge Cavelier Gaviria, de quien ya más autorizadas voces han exaltado sus atributos, y por otra, por ser precisamente en 1990, a los 100 años casi exactos de haber expedido el Gobierno Nacional la Ley de creación de la Academia, centenario que nos hace contemplar hacia atrás su pasado fulgurante y no puede menos de comprometernos gravosamente para el futuro.

    Estas dos circunstancias añaden a la solemnidad de este acto consagratorio la responsabilidad de un compromiso que resuena con más urgencia en las paredes venerables de este recinto máximo de las Academias de Colombia.

    La distancia de 100 años no solo nos separa cronológicamente de varias generaciones sino que nos hace mirar con un cuidadoso lente retrospectivo la Colombia de hace un siglo. En efecto, cuando se dicta la Ley 71 de 1890 “por la cual se crea la Academia de Medicina Nacional” bajo la presidencia de don Carlos Holguín, el país apenas convalece de la penúltima de sus guerras civiles y estrena una nueva Constitución.

    Por eso en el libro de Leyes de 1890, Edición Oficial hecha bajo la dirección del Consejo de Estado y publicada por la Imprenta La Luz de Bogotá, aparecen, al lado de leyes que regulan la construcción de ferrocarriles, de líneas telegráficas, de puentes y otras obras públicas, extensa legislación sobre expropiaciones, sobre pensiones, sobre gobierno de indios salvajes, sobre creación y financiación de lazaretos y sobre reformas a los procedimientos judiciales (ésta última con 25 títulos divididos en sus correspondientes capítulos y una extensión de 82 páginas. El presupuesto nacional apenas excedía los 20 millones de pesos y los auxilios del gobierno a los hospitales de las ciudades más grandes fluctuaban entre los 1.200 y los 3.000 pesos anuales. Llaman la atención, sin embargo, por su precisión y concisión los 9 artículos que forman la Ley de creación de la Academia;luego de fijar el número y la condición de miembros activos honorarios y correspondientes dice, en su artículo 50. que “la Academia dará al Gobierno los informes que se le pidan sobre puntos relacionados con las ciencias médicas y naturales y pasará al fin de cada año una relación de sus trabajos”; establece que la Academia dará dos premios anuales a los mejores trabajos que se le presenten sobre Medicina Nacional y dice que “el Gobierno proveerá a la Academia de un local adecuado para sus reuniones y formación de biblioteca, museo y conservación de sus archivos”, proveyéndola también, en su artículo 90. de un auxilio de 3.000 pesos anuales. La ley aparece firmada por don Jorge Holguín, presidente del Senado, y por don Adriano Tribín, presidente de la Cámara de Representantes.

    Qué contraste entre esa Colombia rural, pobretona y casi bucólica con la que nos tocaría vivir 100 años después. Cesaron las guerras civiles pero dieron paso a una guerra no declarada pero casi interminable entre diversas facciones no necesariamente políticas y que hace que el homicidio, la violencia y el trauma sean quizás la

  4. Bioactivities of Piper aduncum L. and Piper obliquum Ruiz & Pavon (Piperaceae) essential oils from Eastern Ecuador.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerrini, Alessandra; Sacchetti, Gianni; Rossi, Damiano; Paganetto, Guglielmo; Muzzoli, Mariavittoria; Andreotti, Elisa; Tognolini, Massimiliano; Maldonado, Maria E; Bruni, Renato

    2009-01-01

    Essential oils from aerial parts of Piper aduncum (Matico) and Piper obliquum (Anis del Oriente) of ecuadorian origin were analyzed by GC-FID, GC-MS, (13)C NMR and their biological and pharmacological activities were assessed. Chemical composition proved to be unusually different from previous reports for safrole-rich P. obliquum (45.8%), while P. aduncum main constituent was dillapiol (45.9%). No genotoxic activity was found in the Ames/Salmonella typhimurium (TA98 and TA100) assay, either with or without S9 activation. Mutagen-protective properties, evaluated using sodium azide, 2-nitrofluorene and 2-aminoanthracene as mutagens/promutagens, was observed against promutagen 2-aminoanthracene, likely in consequence of microsomial deactivation. Antimicrobial assays have been performed on Gram+/Gram- bacteria, dermatophyte and phytopathogenic fungi and best results were provided by P. aduncum against fungal strains with complete inhibition at 500μg/ml. Preliminary analgesic and antithrombotic activities evidenced the absence of the former in hot plate and edema assays and a limited antiplatelet action against three different agonists (ADP, AA and U46619). Both oils have a very limited antioxidant capacity. Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Entorno de la creación: la pintura de Diego Arango Ruiz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clemencia Arango

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available La trayectoria artística del pintor Diego Arango se ha caracterizado por la investigación antropológica, ambiental e histórica. Su formación, marcada por los movimientos estudiantiles y políticos de las décadas de los sesenta y setenta, le ha permitido combinar sus ideas políticas con técnicas artísticas como la fotografía, la serigrafía y la pintura digital. El resultado es un arte revolucionario que le ha dado reconocimiento en varios países de América y Europa.

  6. Accuracy and fuzziness a life in science and politics a festschrift book to Enric Trillas Ruiz

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    This book, which goes far beyond a traditional collection of technical articles, is dedicated to Enric Trillas, a fuzzy systems pioneer but also an internationally renowned researcher in other areas of science, such as mathematics and aerospace, and an outstanding manager of scientific affairs in Spain. Some of the contributions in this book develop technical, state-of-the-art themes obviously related to fuzzy logic, while others resemble popular-science articles that shed light on complex mathematical concepts. There are also chapters that highlight the authors’ personal relationships and experiences working with Enric Trillas. While planning this book project, the editors decided to give contributors absolute freedom of thought and expression in preparing their chapters. The result is a colorful and inspiring mixture of styles and topics, which perfectly reflects Enric Trillas’s multifaceted contributions to research and his outstanding role in promoting education and technological transfer in the field...

  7. Antonio Machado y Ruiz (1875-1939) / koost. ja tlk. Andres Ehin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Hispaania luuletajast Antonio Machadost. Sisaldab ka autori luuletusi "Vanasõnad ja laulud XXIX", "Kas mu süda on uinunud?", "Kõrgmaa laulud", "Tuul, toreda päeva tuul", "Eile öösel nägin und", "Neli luuletust"

  8. Entorno de la creación: la pintura de Diego Arango Ruiz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clemencia Arango

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available La trayectoria artística del pintor Diego Arango se ha caracterizado por la investigación antropológica, ambiental ehistórica. Su formación, marcada por los movimientos estudiantiles y políticos de las décadas de los sesenta y setenta, le ha permitido combinar sus ideas políticas con técnicas artísticas como la fotografía, la serigrafía y la pintura digital. El resultado es un arte revolucionario que le ha dado reconocimiento en varios países de América y Europa.

  9. Discurso del Académico Efraím Otero-Ruiz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efraim Otero Ruiz

    1992-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Acto de entrega de su mandato presidencial (23 de abril de 1992

    Señor Director de la Academia Colombiana de la Lengua, señores Académicos, señoras, señores:

    Cumpliendo con la periodicidad del rito, nos congregamos de nuevo en este acogedor hemiciclo de la Academia Colombiana para efectuar la ceremonia de posesión de la nueva Junta Directiva de la Academia Nacional de Medicina. Lo hacemos evocando los manes tutelares de nuestra corporación que hace algo más de un año aquí, en este mismo recinto, nos acompañaron para celebrar el centenario de la Ley que le dio carácter oficial a nuestra Academia; la cual, frente al examen más desprevenido, mostró las realizaciones y los logros que más de un siglo de labores le han otorgado y que reiteramos aquí esta tarde, al traspasar los destinos directivos a otras manos ilustres.

    En esa ocasión nos preguntábamos cuál es y cuál debería ser el papel de las Academias en este ambiente convulsionado que nos ha tocado vivir, en el mundo y en nuestra patria. Analizábamos cómo en muy pocos lustros el médico había visto erosionarse su pedestal científico y académico y hacerse más y más testigo presencial de la ingratitud de aquellos a quienes se había propuesto servir. Y considerábamos como factores desencadenantes, entre otros, la súper especialización con sus efectos disociativos y deshumanizantes, la invasión avasalladora de las nuevas tecnologías con su incidencia en el aumento de los costos de salud, las incidencias de una sociedad de consumo que considera a pacientes y médicos como bienes y servicios, sujetos a las leyes del mercadeo, y como corolario la exposición de unos y otros a sistemas legales que cada vez persiguen más al médico por sus fallas o sus desaciertos.

    Y no repuestos aún de las anteriores crisis, con sus implicaciones profesionales y éticas, se nos vienen encima sistemas como los de la seguridad social universal o la medicina prepagada, para los cuales ni estábamos preparados ni podemos ofrecer la firme unidad y solidaridad como cuerpo médico que estos desafíos y estas imposiciones requieren.

    Por eso decíamos que las Academias de Medicina deberían dejar de ser “ese dulce refugio donde el ingenio reposa” -como las había definido Fontenelle hacía ya más de un siglo-, dejar de preocuparse única y exclusivamente por los trabajos o las ponencias científicas y lanzarse más y más a la palestra de los problemas que afectan cotidianamente la salud de nuestros pueblos y conmueven las bases de nuestro ejercicio profesional. Y eso sólo podría lograrse, repetíamos, con ideas frescas, con una interacción constante, no sólo con los médicos, los especialistas o las sociedades científicas sino con otras profesiones, con otros técnicos, con otros expertos y, fundamentalmente, con aquellos que configuran nuestra dirigencia política.

    Por otra parte, las modernas Academias deben hacer investigación, ya que ésta no sólo produce resultados tangibles sino que permite acercar la experiencia de las generaciones mayores con la audacia y el espíritu inquisitivo de las generaciones jóvenes, produciéndose así un continuo renovar del conocimiento, beneficioso para todos. Hacia esas líneas de acción y hacia recuperar la grandeza de nuestra Academia como asesora en salud del Gobierno nacional lanzamos la mayoría de actividades y orientaciones de nuestra Junta Directiva.

    El informe de labores que presenté el pasado 26 de marzo a la Asamblea de la Academia recoge lo realizado en este bienio. No sólo se avanzó notablemente en muchos de los derroteros propuestos, en lo nacional y en lo internacional, en actividades intra o extra-académicas, sino que se consolidaron las finanzas de nuestra institución y se logró llegar a más de un 75%en las obras de remodelación y adecuación de la nueva sede, que podrá inaugurarse en los próximos meses. No sólo la actividad intra académica fue intensísima, como lo pudo hacer constar el inventario en el análisis de temas como la salud y la nueva Constitución de Colombia o la recuperación nutricional infantil desde el punto de vista de los programas comunitarios, o la educación de los médicos para el siglo XXI. Se creó el día de la Academia y se rindieron homenajes vivos o póstumos a personalidades médicas o no-médicas que en algún momento han representado lo más prístino y generoso de nuestra nacionalidad...

  10. Bidrag til kapitlet: Fragmenter med forskelligt indhold

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holst, Søren; Lemche, Niels Peter

    2003-01-01

    Kommenterede oversættelser til dansk af følgende Dødehavsskrifter: "Danielapokryfen" ("Aramaisk apokalypse"), "Nabonids Bøn", "Apokryf Salme og Bøn" ("Hyldest til Kong Jonatan"), Historiske tekster, Kalendertekster, "Det Nye Jerusalem"...

  11. Estrutura foliar de espécies de Aechmea Ruiz & Pav. (Bromeliaceae do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil Leaf anatomy of Aechmea Ruiz & Pav. (Bromeliaceae of São Paulo State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suzana Lúcia Proença

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available O estudo da estrutura foliar de Aechmea bromeliifolia (Rudge Baker, A. distichantha Lem., A. ornata Baker, A. nudicaulis (L. Griseb., A. pectinata Baker, A. coelestis (K. Koch E. Morren, A. cylindrata Lindm. e A. gracilis Lindm. mostrou que, em todas as espécies, as folhas são hipoestomáticas e revestidas por células epidérmicas de paredes sinuosas e portadoras de corpos silicosos. Apresentam também hipoderme mecânica e aqüífera, escamas nas duas superfícies e canais de aeração, interrompidos por diafragmas de células braciformes, no parênquima clorofiliano. A ocorrência restrita de algumas características permitiu elaborar uma chave de identificação para os representantes estudados. Tais características incluem a ocorrência de grupos de fibras extravasculares, de parênquima paliçádico adaxial, de extensão de bainha nos feixes vasculares de menor calibre, de obstrução nas câmaras subestomáticas, além de variação na espessura da hipoderme aqüífera e no número de células que formam o pedículo das escamas.The leaf anatomy of Aechmea bromeliifolia (Rudge Baker, A. distichantha Lem., A. ornata Baker, A. nudicaulis (L. Griseb., A. pectinata Baker, A. coelestis (K. Koch E. Morren, A. cylindrata Lindm. and A. gracilis Lindm. was studied. All the leaves are hypostomatic and they present: sinuous walls epidermal cells with silica bodies; aquiferous and mechanical hypodermis; scales on both adaxial and abaxial surfaces; and chlorenchyma with air canals filled with braciforms cells. The restricted occurence of some features allowed us to elaborate a identification key for the studied species. Such characteristics include the presence of extravascular fibrous groups; adaxial palisade parenchyma; smaller vascular bundles with conspicuous extensions of the bundle sheath; oclusion in the substomatic chambers; variation in the thickness of the aquiferous hypodermis, and in the number of stalks cells of the scales.

  12. Inducción y enraizamiento de brotes epicórmicos de Cordia alliodora (Ruiz Et Pavon, Oken

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercedes Carranza Patiño

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available La atractiva apariencia de la madera de Cordia alliodora (laurel, sus características físico-mecánicas, su abundante regeneración natural, captura de carbono y protección al suelo, la hacen ideal para la reforestación. No obstante, la falta de material de siembra de buena calidad para suplir la demanda media anual, convierten la propagación vegetativa en una herramienta esencial para el mejoramiento genético, y la conservación de genotipos en bancos clonales. En este sentido, se propuso establecer una metodología para la inducción y enraizamiento de brotes epicórmicos de árboles de laurel utilizando reguladores de crecimiento vegetal. Las concentraciones de citoquininas empleadas para la inducción de brotes a partir de árboles adultos fueron de: 0, 3000, 6000, 9000 mg L-1 de BAP sola y combinadas con 1000, 2000, 3000 mg L-1 de AIA, y se determinaron utilizando un Diseño Completo Aleatorizado. Las concentraciones de auxinas para el enraizamiento de los brotes fueron de 0, 1000, y 1500 mg kg-1 de ANA y AIB, mediante un DCA con arreglo factorial 3 x 3 (hormona ANA x hormona AIB. Se evaluó la inducción de brotes epicórmicos y se obtuvieron 2.67 brotes de 16.42 cm de longitud, con 6000 mg kg-1 de BAP + 2000 mg kg-1 de AIA. El porcentaje de enraizamiento fue 54%, número de raíces 1.78, longitud 2.59 con 1500 mg kg-1 de ANA + 1500 mg kg-1 de AIB. El uso de citoquininas y auxinas fue efectivo para provocar la diferenciación celular tanto en la inducción y rizogénesis de brotes epicórmicos de laurel.

  13. Efectos sobre la temperatura, frecuencia respiratoria, frecuencia cardiaca y electrocardiograma de Maytenus macrocarpa (Ruiz & Pav.) Briq. (chuchuhuasi)

    OpenAIRE

    Huaccho Rojas, Juan Jesús; Cavero Aguilar, Evelyn Sally; Quezada Rojas, Melissa Andrea; Lara Paredes, Andrea Mercedes; Lluen Escobar, Silvana Estela; Paragulla Bocángel, Ahmed Alberto; Rojas Villacorta, Fernando Junior; Loja Herrera, Berta; Alvarado Yarasca, Ángel Tito; Mujica Calderón, José; Salazar Granara, Alberto Alcibíades

    2012-01-01

    Introducción: estudios de árboles del género Maytenus, especies forsskaoliana, ilicifolia y krukovii revelan efectos depresores a nivel cardiovascular sobre la presión arterial y frecuencia cardiaca. Objetivos: analizar experimentalmente los efectos de las hojas de Maytenus macrocarpa "chuchuhuasi" sobre la frecuencia cardiaca, patrones electrocardiográficos, frecuencia respiratoria, y temperatura. Métodos: investigación de tipo exploratorio, analítico y experimental. Se uti...

  14. Discourse of His Excellency the President of the Republic of Chile, Don Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-06-01

    Es una gran satisfacción para mí inaugurar lo que será, dentro de breve tiempo, el telescopio más poderoso del mundo, que viene a responder tan claramente a la necesidad esencial del ser humano de explorar y conocer los orígenes y misterios del universo.

  15. Toxicity of a subchronic treatment with hydroalcoholic crude extract from Solanum grandiflorum (Ruiz et Pav) in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Angelis Pereira, Michel C; Carvalho, José C T; Lima, Leonardo M; Caputo, Lucélia R G; Ferreira, Luciano R; Fiorini, João E; Bastos, Jairo K

    2003-11-01

    The toxic effect of the hydroalcoholic crude extract (HACE) from the fruits of the Solanum grandiflorum was evaluated following subchronic treatment (p.o.) in Wistar rats for 65 days using the dose of 2 mg/kg. The LD(50) in mice was 50 mg/kg (p.o.). At the end of treatment, the consumption of water remained within the normal patterns. On the other hand, the consumption of food had 40% reduction in the period between the 18th and the 40th day after the beginning of the study. The diuresis showed a wide variation in volume which started at the 8th day of treatment until the end of the study. This finding was correlated with macroscopic observations of the kidneys which presented nephromegaly (70%) when compared to the control group. Moreover, for the histopathological study, it was observed degeneration and glomerular necrosis (100%), tubular lesions (80%), and hypercellular lesions (100%) in the treated group. The ponderal development of the treated group was increased compared to the control group. The weight of some of the organs, including kidneys, lungs, and pancreas, was also increased in the treated group (P<0.05, Student "t" test). These data suggest a nephrotoxicity following a subchronic treatment of the hydroalcoholic crude extract from Solanum grandiflorum.

  16. ACADÉMICO HONORARIO EFRAIM OTERO RUIZ (1931-2014. EN MEMORIA DE NUESTRO EDITOR EMÉRITO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Jácome Roca

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Nació en Bucaramanga el 11 de noviembre de 1931 y estudió con los padres jesuitas en los colegios San Pedro Claver de Bucaramanga y San Bartolomé La Merced de Bogotá. Sus estudios médicos los realizó en la Universidad Javeriana, egresando en 1953 y graduándose con una tesis laureada titulada “Uso clínico de los isótopos radiactivos. Primeras aplicaciones en Colombia”. La trayectoria del académico Otero fue muy conocida. Después de hacer pinitos en anestesiología, su interés se orientó hacia los isótopos radiactivos a raíz de su vinculación al Instituto Nacional de Cancerología. Posteriormente viajó a los Estados Unidos, donde completó su entrenamiento en endocrinología y medicina nuclear en Columbia University, en el Donner Laboratory de la Universidad de California (Berkeley y en el Oak Ridge Institute of Nuclear Studies, entre 1957 y 1970. Como consultor de la Comisión Americana de Energía Atómica basada en Oak Ridge, dirigió entre 1965 y 1971, los cursos de medicina nuclear que se dictaron en 8 países de Centro y Suramérica, esfuerzo que le mereció la ciudadanía honoraria del estado de Tennessee. Después en el Instituto, a su regreso a Bogotá, fue Jefe de la Sección de Radioisótopos y dirigió el Departamento de Investigaciones. Otero fue uno de aquellos primeros endocrinólogos colombianos, que desde la medicina nuclear hicieron significativos aportes al estudio de la glándula tiroides.

  17. Lanthanum carbonate for the control of hyperphosphatemia in chronic renal failure patients: a new oral powder formulation – safety, efficacy, and patient adherence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lloret MJ

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available MªJesús Lloret, César Ruiz-García, Iara DaSilva, Mónica Furlano, Yaima Barreiro, José Ballarín, Jordi Bover Nephrology Department, Fundació Puigvert, IIB Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain; REDinREN, Instituto de Investigación Carlos III, Madrid, Spain Abstract: Chronic kidney disease (CKD is associated with very high mortality rates, mainly of cardiovascular origin. The retention of phosphate (P and increased fibroblast growth factor-23 levels are common, even at early stages of CKD, due to disturbances in normal P homeostasis. Later, hyperphosphatemia appears, which has also been strongly associated with high mortality rates linked to P-mediated cardiovascular and procalcifying effects. Treatment guidelines for these patients continue to be poorly implemented, at least partially due to the lack of adherence to a P-restricted diet and P-binder therapy. Calcium-free P binders, such as lanthanum carbonate, have been associated with a decreased progression of vascular calcification, rendering them an important therapeutic alternative for these high cardiovascular risk CKD patients. Lanthanum carbonate has typically been available as chewable tablets, and the new presentation as an oral powder may provide a useful alternative in the therapeutic armamentarium. This powder is a tasteless, odorless, and colorless semisolid compound miscible with food. In a recent study in healthy individuals, the safety and efficacy of this novel form were evaluated, and it was concluded that it is well tolerated and pharmacodynamically equivalent to the chewable form. In the long run, individualization of preferences and treatments seems an achievable goal prior to final demonstration of improvements in hard outcomes in wide clinical trials in CKD patients. Keywords: chronic kidney disease, phosphate, phosphate binder

  18. Aspectos anatómicos y fisiológicos de cultivos in vltro de Tropaeolum tuberosum (Ruiz & Pavón

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fandiño Garcia Tito J.

    1989-06-01

    Full Text Available Petiole explants of T. tuberosum were cultivated in Murashíge & Skoog medium suplemented with auxins and cítokíníns. Callus formation and abnormal morphogenesís obtained from subcuItures are described. Shoots obtained by micropropagation were incubated at 18°e and 22°e in medium MS for rooting. Notorius differences in root morphology were observed.Se cultivaron explantes de peciolo de T. tuberosum en medio Murashíge & Skoog suplementado con auxinas y citoquininas. Se describe la formación de callo y la regeneración de organoídes semejantes a raíces obtenidos a partir del subcultivo. Vástagos obtenidos mediante micropropagación, se incubaron a temperaturas de 18°e y 22°e, en medio MS para enraizamiento,
    observándose diferencias notorias en la morfología de las raíces.

  19. Influence of substrate and mycorrhizal fungus on the root and shoot architecture of coffee-shading walnut (Cordia alliodora [Ruiz et Pav.] Oken

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodriguez Pérez Loyla

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available

    Cordia alliodora (coffee-shading walnut is a species of economic importance to Colombia because of its multiple uses for farmers and for reforestation as a timber and industrial resources, mainly in the central coffee region of the country. The aim of this research was to study parameters of C. alliodora shoot and root system architecture over the first year of development. Plants were established in Pacho municipality (Cundinamarca at an 2,150 m a.s.l. A split plot design with a randomized complete block and three replicates was applied. Within the main plot, we evaluated the substrates (soil, husk and compost 2:1:1; soil and husk 3:2; soil and husk 3:1, and withing the subplot, the mycorrhizal fungus (without fungus, Kuklospora colombiana, Glomus manihotis and Acaulospora lacunosa. Substrate type affected C. alliodora root and shoot architectural parameters. Plants transplanted into soil, husk and compost 2:1:1 had the best responses in architectural parameters: diameter of the base of the root (7.82 mm, number of secondary roots (48.4, root dry weight (5.38 g, number of leaves (47.33, dry weight of shoots (7.71 g, shoot length (72.64 g and leaf dry weight (6.28 g at 384 days after transplant. Since no fertilizer was applied to coffee-shading walnut plants, we conclude that the mycorrhizal fungi facilitated a better use and development of mineral elements present in the substrates.

  20. 《转喻、语法与交际》评介%Ruiz de Mendoza & Luis Otal Campo (2002). Metonymy, Grammar, and Communication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈香兰

    2005-01-01

    @@ 1.引言 在近十几年的认知研究中,转喻的重要性已不亚于隐喻,但转喻研究仍面临许多问题,如转喻和隐喻的关系、转喻和语法之间的限制和间接言语行为问题.

  1. Caracterização morfológica da semente e da plântula de bacurizinho (Rheedia acuminata (Ruiz et Pav. Plachon et Triana - Clusiaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NASCIMENTO WALNICE MARIA OLIVEIRA DO

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available O bacurizinho é uma espécie frutífera do gênero Rheedia, nativa da Amazônia, e raramente cultivada, pois seus frutos, embora comestíveis, apresentam polpa escassa. Os estudos com o bacurizinho visam a sua utilização como porta-enxerto, redutor de porte para outras espécies do gênero Rheedia e Garcinia que apresentam altura elevada, como o bacuripari (Rheedia macrophylla Planchon et Triana- Clusiaceae e o mangostão (Garcinia mangostana L.. Este trabalho teve como objetivo caracterizar, morfologicamente, a semente e a plântula dessa espécie. A semente é exalbuminosa, bitegumentada, com a testa de coloração marrom, apresentando vários feixes vasculares bem visíveis, distinguindo-se por sua coloração um pouco mais clara. O hilo é arredondado, de coloração escura, com pequena região mais clara ao centro, correspondendo no ponto de entrada de feixe vascular. A micrópila situa-se próxima ao hilo, sobre uma pequena protuberância triangular. O embrião é anômalo, hipocotilar e é representado unicamente por um longo eixo hipocótilo-radícula, sendo os cotilédones diminutos, aparecendo apenas na extremidade superior no lado oposto da micrópila. Durante a germinação, ocorre primeiramente a emergência de delgada raiz primária, no pólo oposto onde será originado o epicótilo. Essa raiz cresce aproximadamente 5-7cm e cessa, fenecendo posteriormente. Por ocasião da emergência do epicótilo, ocorre ao mesmo tempo a formação de uma raiz adventícia, na base do epicótilo, bem mais robusta que a anterior e que se constituirá no sistema radicular da planta. Precedendo a abertura do primeiro par de metáfilos, desenvolvem-se no epicótilo três pares de catafilos opostos e de coloração esverdeada. A germinação é hipógea e a plântula do tipo criptocotiledonar.

  2. The physical, chemical and functional characterization of starches from Andean tubers: oca (Oxalis tuberosa Molina, olluco (Ullucus tuberosus Caldas and mashua (Tropaeolum tuberosum Ruiz & Pavón

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Valcárcel-Yamani

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The physical, chemical, and functional properties of starches isolated from the Andean tubers oca (Oxalis tuberosa M., olluco (Ullucus tuberosus C. and mashua (Tropaeolum tuberosum R. & P. were studied. The tubers were obtained from a local grocery. The morphology of the starch granules (size and shape was studied with scanning electron microscopy (SEM, which revealed ellipsoid, oval, conical, pear-shaped and prismatic forms: ellipsoids and oval granules with lengths up to 54.30 µm in oca; with lengths up to 32.09 µm for olluco starch granules; and with predominantly truncated spherical or oval forms and smaller dimensions (up to 16.29 um for mashua starch granules. Amylose contents were similar among the samples: 27.60% (oca, 26.49% (olluco and 27.44% (mashua. Olluco starch had less swelling power, forming opaque, less firm gels. All three starch gels showed the same stability on refrigeration and presented high syneresis under freezing temperatures, with a variation of 40.28 to 74.42% for olluco starch. The starches cooked easily, with high peak viscosity. The low gelatinization temperatures and high stability during cooling make these starches suitable feedstock for use in formulations that require milder processing temperatures and dispense freezing storage.

  3. Chapitre XVII. Le texte à l’œuvre. Réflexions autour de La sombra del viento de Carlos Ruiz Zafón (2001)

    OpenAIRE

    Guégo, Christine Rivalan

    2016-01-01

    Pour cette étude, c’est la lectrice, liseuse ou même liseronne qui s’est intéressée aux effets de l’imprimé et qui a décidé de réfléchir à cette expérience collective qui fait qu’un ensemble de lecteurs peut se dire totalement sous l’emprise d’un texte. Le constat est simple : il est des livres dotés d’une force particulière qui magnétisent leurs lecteurs, qui les aspirent, les entraînant dans une lecture d’une traite sans qu’ils puissent, ni ne veuillent vraiment, résister à cette attraction...

  4. Distribution of a Ty3/gypsy-like retroelement on the A and B-chromosomes of Cestrum strigilatum Ruiz & Pav. and Cestrum intermedium Sendtn. (Solanaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jéferson Nunes Fregonezi

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Retroelements are a diversified fraction of eukaryotic genomes, with the Ty1/copia and Ty3/gypsy groups being very common in a large number of plant genomes. We isolated an internal segment of the Ty3/gypsy retroelement of Cestrum strigilatum (Solanaceae using PCR amplification with degenerate primers for a conserved region of reverse transcriptase. The isolated segment (pCs12 was sequenced and showed similarity with Ty3/gypsy retroelements of monocotyledons and dicotyledons. This segment was used as probe in chromosomes of C. strigilatum and Cestrum intermedium. Diffuse hybridization signals were observed along the chromosomes and more accentuated terminal signals in some chromosome pairs, always associated with nucleolus organizer regions (NORs. The physical relationship between the hybridization sites of pCs12 and pTa71 ribosomal probes was assessed after sequential fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH. Hybridization signals were also detected in the B chromosomes of these species, indicating an entail among the chromosomes of A complement and B-chromosomes.

  5. Trabajando en la prostitución: doce relatos de vida, de José Luis Solana Ruiz y José López Riopedre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cliente X

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La prostitución es uno de esos temas que siempre están de actualidad y, a tenor de los acalorados debates que suscita, que más interesan en nuestra sociedad. Pero también parece ser un fenómeno tremendamente desconocido, o al menos sobre el que existe una enorme polémica. Políticos, académicos, periodistas, trabajadores sociales e incluso muchos ciudadanos de a pie no dudan en realizar taxativas afirmaciones sobre el mundo de la prostitución que no solo no resultan coincidentes sino que entran en abierta contradicción.

  6. Propagación in vitro de material seleccionado de Tabebuia rosea (Bertol. DC. (Ocobo y Cordia alliodora (Ruiz & Pav. Oken (Nogal Cafetero*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingrid Schuler G.

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available This work was aimed at multiplying and maintaining in vitro plants from seedlings from five Tabebuia rosea (large spreading cedar tree from and one Cordia alliodora (walnut tree used for providing shade for coffee plantations. Apical leaf buds were excised from mother plants (MP and cultured in vitro until 1480 plants had been produced from the two species. The hardening process was carried out in greenhouse conditions using humid flow-chambers at Geoambiente Ltda's Bambusa experimental station in Pacho, Cundinamarca. A database was created using Microsoft Office Access software for handling information required for monitoring and evaluating each plant's behaviour during the in vitro culture process by calculating the rates of multiplication (RM and loss (RL. The plants so produced will be used by Conif for field trials and evaluation purposes. This material will then be multiplied by vegetative propagation and used for clone and molecular testing analysis. Key words: in vitro collection and propagation, Tabebuia rosea, Cordia alliodora.

  7. Distribution of a Ty3/gypsy-like retroelement on the A and B-chromosomes of Cestrum strigilatum Ruiz & Pav. and Cestrum intermedium Sendtn. (Solanaceae)

    OpenAIRE

    Jéferson Nunes Fregonezi; Laurival A Vilas-Boas; Maria Helena Pelegrinelli Fungaro; Marcos Letaif Gaeta; André Luís Laforga Vanzela

    2007-01-01

    Retroelements are a diversified fraction of eukaryotic genomes, with the Ty1/copia and Ty3/gypsy groups being very common in a large number of plant genomes. We isolated an internal segment of the Ty3/gypsy retroelement of Cestrum strigilatum (Solanaceae) using PCR amplification with degenerate primers for a conserved region of reverse transcriptase. The isolated segment (pCs12) was sequenced and showed similarity with Ty3/gypsy retroelements of monocotyledons and dicotyledons. This segment w...

  8. Water Conservation: A Tool to Build Understanding, Service and Awareness about Natural Resources Linda Ruiz McCall, Katherine K. Ellins, and Bridget Cameron

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCall, L. R.; Ellins, K. K.; Cameron, B.

    2010-12-01

    Water is arguably our most important natural resource, essential for sustaining life on Earth; necessary to support agriculture and industry; and important for fisheries, power, navigation, and recreation. As world population increases and climate change brings about a redistribution of water and people across our planet, water resource management and conservation are increasingly important. Based on current population projections for Texas, about 85 percent of the state’s projected population will not have enough water by 2060 in drought conditions. Water conservation is critical for meeting the state’s long-term water needs. To that end, the Texas Water Development Board (TWDB) is engaged in a number of education and outreach programs. In this paper, we report on three TWDB educational campaigns. Water Exploration, a Web-based water resources education program for Texas high school students, Put Some Blue in Your Green School, a service learning project designed to promote interaction between schools and their local communities, and Water IQ: Know Your Water, a public awareness campaign for water conservation. Water Exploration uses a pedagogical approach called the Legacy Cycle to involve students in experiential, project-based learning to help them achieve a deeper understanding about water resources. It addresses the need for rigorous curriculum in a vitally important area for the new Texas high school Earth and Space Science Capstone course, as well as Environmental Systems, and Aquatic Science. The interdisciplinary nature of the curriculum encourages students to explore the connections between water resources and economics (water planning, water as a commodity), history (water affects human settlement and migration), and biology (water is essential for life; contaminated water affects living organisms). The ability to integrate information from different disciplines and weigh the perspectives of multiple experts is particularly important for solving the complex problems in the geosciences (e.g. contaminant remediation, flood control, or climate change). Put Some Blue in Your Green School is a service learning program designed to engage students in real-world problem solving. Students form teams to collect and analyze indoor and outdoor water use data, and prepare recommendations for actions to help schools become efficient water users. By forming partnerships with water supply entities and other community members, students learn about the need for good stewardship practices for water resources and engage the community in understanding the need for conservation. Water IQ: Know your water, is a statewide public awareness campaign that educates Texans about water conservation. Through Water IQ, the Texas Water Development Board provides information on water-efficient practices raises the awareness about the importance of water conservation and helps Texans use less water. The program is designed to complement and support existing local and regional conservation efforts. Communities are encouraged to use Water IQ and provide a link from their community web site to the Water IQ web site.

  9. Polo, Cándido: Sangre azul. Vida y delirio de Margarita Ruiz de Lihory. Publicacions de la Universitat de València, Valencia 2010. 317 pp. [Ressenya

    OpenAIRE

    Ferrer, Anacleto

    2010-01-01

    A mediados de los años 50 del siglo pasado, un truculento suceso protagonizado por una familia de la aristocracia valenciana lograba una escandalosa notoriedad a través de las páginas de El Caso, el popular periódico de crónica negra de la época. El cadáver de una mujer (Margot Shelly) había sido profanado: enucleados los ojos, seccionada la lengua y amputada la mano derecha, que apareció en el interior de una lechera. El libro de Cándido Polo, fue galardonado con el Premio Juan Gil-...

  10. Chapitre XVII. Le texte à l’œuvre. Réflexions autour de La sombra del viento de Carlos Ruiz Zafón (2001)

    OpenAIRE

    Guégo, Christine Rivalan

    2016-01-01

    Pour cette étude, c’est la lectrice, liseuse ou même liseronne qui s’est intéressée aux effets de l’imprimé et qui a décidé de réfléchir à cette expérience collective qui fait qu’un ensemble de lecteurs peut se dire totalement sous l’emprise d’un texte. Le constat est simple : il est des livres dotés d’une force particulière qui magnétisent leurs lecteurs, qui les aspirent, les entraînant dans une lecture d’une traite sans qu’ils puissent, ni ne veuillent vraiment, résister à cette attraction...

  11. Nuevos profesores eméritos de San Marcos: Dra. Luz Sarmiento Bendezú y el Dr. Hernando De Macedo Ruiz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Manosalva Bacigalupo

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available El día martes 17 de diciembre del año 2002, en el recinto histórico de la Capilla de la Virgen de Loreto del Centro Cultural de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos del Parque Universitario, en presencia del Dr. Manuel Burga Díaz, Rector de nuestra Cuatricentenaria Casa de Estudios, el Vicerrector Académico Dr. Raúl Izaguirre Maguiña, la Vicerrectora Administrativa, Dra. Beatriz Herrera García, decanos, autoridades de nuestra Facultad, profesores, compañeros de promoción, familiares y amigos, se rindió un emotivo homenaje a dos grandes maestros forjadores de Escuelas de Investigación y docencia, que han contribuido positivamente al desarrollo de la zoología en la antigua Facultad de Ciencias y posteriormente en la Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas: la Dra. Luz Sarmiento Bendezú y el Dr. Hernando de Macedo Ruíz.

  12. Gonçal Mayos y Antoni Brey (eds.) Joan Campas, Daniel Innerarity, Ferrán Ruiz, Marina Subirats: La sociedad de la ignorancia

    OpenAIRE

    González Quirós, José Luis

    2012-01-01

    Desde que el cambio tecnológico comenzó a adquirir el fuerte ritmo característico de la sociedad contemporánea han sido muchos los autores que han advertido sobre su condición de arma de doble filo. José Ortega y Gasset y Arthur C. Clarke afirmaron, cada uno a su manera, que la tecnología resolvía unos problemas, pero generaba otros, quizá mayores. Así, desde los albores de la era digital han menudeado los análisis sobre el riesgo de incurrir en el grave error de confundir el crecimiento de l...

  13. The tadpole of Odontophrynus barrio Cei, Ruiz, and Beçak, 1982 (Anura: Odontophrynidae: a comparison with the other tadpoles of the genus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Exequiel González

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available We describe the tadpole of Odontophrynus barrioi including external larval features, chondrocranial and cranial musculature, and compare it with the other species of the genus. Tadpoles of O. barrioi at stages 31–37 are about 52.46 mm long. The body is slightly depressed in lateral view and ovoid in dorsal view. Oral disc is emarginate laterally, anteroventral and small with a single row of marginal papillae, a single large dorsal gap, and labial tooth row formula 2(2/3(1. Despite small interspecific variations, like different labial tooth row formulae, the general aspect of species is quite similar. Although poorly-known yet, the chondrocranium and cranial musculature display some variations within the genus.

  14. [Comparative serology in typhoid fever in children. II. Comparison of a microhemagglutination plate technic with Ruiz-Castañeda surface fixation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarado-Alemán, F; González-Quijano, M; Rodríguez-Solis, B; Ramírez-Vidals, A; Isibasi, A; Kumate, J

    1989-02-01

    Two lipopolysaccharide antigens that differ by the technique of preparation from S. typhi, one named crude is easily extracted, the other one is water-phenol extracted. Both were adsorbed by papain and cysteine to lamb erythrocyte surfaces, fixed then by glutaraldehyde and used in a plate microhemagglutination test (MHA). The MHA test was done with 30 sera from children with S. typhi blood isolates. The same number of control sera were tested for comparison. The crude LPS antigen showed better sensitivity: 73% versus 53% of the water-phenol extracted one despite a high index correlation (r = 0.88). The latest one was evaluated in a prospective study, using it during a six-month period in an emergency room with S. typhi blood isolated sera. The MHA test was compared with the surface fixation test. Both assays showed similar sensitivity and a specificity of 91 and 100%, respectively.

  15. Short communication.Wood identification based on their common name and their transversal surface anatomy.Application to the batch from the expedition of Ruiz and Pavon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dimitrakopoulos, A. P.; Mitsopoulos, I. D.; Kaliva, A.

    2013-05-01

    Aim of study: The flammability of the main coniferous forest species of Europe, divided into two groups according to their fire regime and altitudinal distribution, was tested in an effort to detect species-specific differences that may have an influence on community-wide fire regimes. Area of study: Conifer species comprising low- and high-elevation forests in Europe. Materials and methods: The following conifer species were tested: low elevation; Pinus halepensis (Aleppo pine), Pinus brutia (Turkish pine), Pinus pinaster (maritime pine), Pinus pinea (stone pine) and Cupressus sempervirens (cypress), high elevation (i.e., above 600 m a.s.l.); Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine), Abies alba (white fir), Picea excelsa (Norway spruce), Abies borissii regis (Macedonian fir) and Pinus nigra (black pine). Flammability assessment (time-to-ignition and ignition temperature) was conducted by an innovative ignition apparatus, heat content was measured with an IKA Adiabatic Bomb Calorimeter and ash content by heating 5 g of plant material in a muffle furnace at 650 degree centigrade for 1 h. Differences among species was statistically analysed by Duncan's multiple comparison test. Main results: The results did not distinguish separate groups among the tested flammability traits between fire- and non-fire-stricken communities at the individual species level. Research highlights: Differences in fire regimes among low and high elevation conifer forests could be attributed either to differences in flammability of the plant communities as a whole (i.e., fuelbed or canopy properties vs. individual fuel properties) or to other factors (climatic or anthropogenic). (Author) 22 refs.

  16. Pedro Ruiz Pérez (ed.), Gramática y Humanismo. Perspectivas del Renacimiento español. Madrid, Ediciones Libertarias y Ayuntamiento de Cordoba, 1993

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    No dejare de senalar, desde un comienzo, que este libro reline interesantes trabajos de indudable valor, escritos por estudiosos de la literatura española de reconocida autoridad. Pero tampoco dejare de advertir, desde un primer momento, el engaño que con su título se comete en perjuicio de los interesados en conocer la historia de la gramática española. Quien piense hallar en el estudios sobre la Gramática de Nebrija o sobre las obras gramaticales -o, mas ampliamente, lingüísticas- de Valdés...

  17. Looking at the aquatic contamination through fish eyes--a faithful picture based on metals burden.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Patrícia; Raimundo, Joana; Canário, João; Almeida, Armando; Pacheco, Mário

    2013-12-15

    This study describes for the first time metal accumulation in the eyes of native golden grey mullet (Liza aurata) coupled with water/sediment quality assessment. Sampling was performed in the Tagus estuary (Portugal) where a confined area (Barreiro) is severely contaminated by metal/loids. Levels of As, Cu, Pb, Hg and Cd in sediments from Barreiro were one order of magnitude higher than those from the reference site. Data on water column pointed also to a higher availability of Cu, Pb, Cd and Hg (including MeHg) at Barreiro. Accordingly, fish eyes accumulated higher levels of metal/loids at Barreiro than at the reference site. These findings support the use of fish eyes as a target organ in environmental health assessment since they reflect sediment and water contamination. It points also to the importance of evaluate eye changes at structural/functional levels in order to examine in what extent accumulated metals could compromise this perceptive system.

  18. Aspectos anatómicos y fisiológicos de cultivos in vitro de Tropaeolum tuberosum (Ruiz & Pavón Aspectos anatómicos y fisiológicos de cultivos in vitro de Tropaeolum tuberosum (Ruiz & Pavón

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fandiño García Tito J.

    1989-06-01

    Full Text Available

    Petiole explants of T. luberosum were cultivated in Murashtge & Skoog medium suplemented with auxins and citokinins. Callus formation and abnormal morphogenesis obtained from subcultures are described. Shoots obtained by micropropagalion were incubated at l8°e and 22°e in médium MS for rooting. Notorius differences in root morphology were observed.

    Se cultivaron explantes de peciolo de T tuberosum en rnedio Murashige & Skoog suplementado con auxinas y citoquininas. Se describe la formación de callo y la regeneración de organoides semejantes a raíces obtenidos a partir del subcultivo. Vastagos obtenidos mediante micropropagación, se incubaron a temperaturas de 18°e y 22°C, en media MS para enraizarniento,  observándose diferencias notorias en la morfología de las raíces.

  19. Efeitos da radiação ultravioleta-C sobre a simetria e morfoanatomia foliar de Rapanea ferruginea (Ruiz et. Pav Mez. (Myrsinaceae = Effects of ultraviolet-C radiation on symmetry and morphoanatomy of Rapanea ferruginea (Ruiz et. Pav Mez. (Myrsinaceae leaves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danilo de Menezes Daloso

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Neste estudo, analisaram-se os efeitos da radiação UV-C sobre odesenvolvimento de folhas de Rapanea ferruginea. Plantas jovens foram selecionadas com seis meses de idade identificando-se as folhas já diferenciadas do 3º, 4º, 6º, 8º e 9º nó. Posteriormente, as plantas foram divididas em três grupos e submetidas à radiação UV-Cpor 30, 60 ou 120 min. seguidos. Para o estudo anatômico, foram utilizadas técnicas usuais de corte e coloração. As análises morfométricas foram realizadas determinando-se três pontos ao longo da nervura central da folha, medindo-se das bordas esquerda (E e direita (D até cada um desses pontos. Determinaram-se também os desvios de simetria, o comprimento e a largura máxima do limbo, submetendo os valores à Anova e ao teste de Tukey (p This study analyzed the effects of UV-C radiation on the development of Rapanea ferruginea leaves. Young plants were selected at six months of age, previously identifying the leaves that had already differentiated on the 3rd, 4th, 6th 8th and 9th nodes. After the selection, the plants were divided into three groups and subjected to UV-C radiation for 30, 60 or 120 minutes. The anatomic study wasmade by using usual techniques of cut and coloration. The morphometric analyses were made by determining three points on the midvein of the leaf, measuring from left (L and right (Rborders to each of those points. The symmetry deviations, maximum length and width of the limb were measured and the values were submitted to Anova and the Tukey-test (p < 0.05. The responses of R. ferruginea to the UV-C were expressed by variations in the symmetry aswell as morphoanatomic injuries, mainly in the palisade parenchyma and mesophyll. The differentiation of leaves did not follow a morphometric pattern, characterizing no directional asymmetry, i.e., fluctuating asymmetry. This study emphasizes the importance of multiscale observations for the determination of plant responses under stress, since several leaves showed anatomic injuries but no morphologic injuries.

  20. El abordaje comparativo de 'La conquista' en dos autores mestizos: Garcilaso de la Vega y Ruiz Díaz Guzmán A comparative approach about 'La conquista' in the work of two mestizo authors: Garcilaso de la Vega y Ruiz Díaz Guzmán

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastián Eduardo Pardo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El artículo propone analizar la representación del proceso de dominación colonial, coloquialmente conocido como "La Conquista", en los trabajos de dos autores pertenecientes a las primeras generaciones de mestizos de principios del siglo XVII: Garcilaso de la Vega y Ruy Díaz de Guzmán. La elección responde a dos cuestiones fundamentales; por un lado, ambos expresan un fuerte sentido de pertenencia regional al autodenominarse "naturales" de las áreas culturales sobre las cuales escriben; por la otra, ambos mantienen una relación compleja pero bien diferenciada con respecto a la problemática del mestizaje adscribiendo a identidades étnicas opuestas: mientras Garcilaso se presenta como inca, Ruy Díaz de Guzmán lo hace como español. En este sentido se discutirán las trayectorias de los mencionados autores para llevar a cabo el análisis comparado de sus vidas, sus ideologías y sus obras.This paper analyses the representation of colonial domination, process commonly known as "The Conquest", in the work of two writers belonging to the first half-breed generations of the early 17th century: Garcilaso de la Vega and Ruy Díaz de Guzmán. The selection is based on two fundamental criteria: on the one hand both declare themselves as "naturales" and reveal a strong sense of belonging regarding the cultural areas they describe; on the other hand, both attach themselves to opposite ethnic identities, thus maintaining a different relationship with the complex problems of mestizaje and miscegenation -while Garcilaso claims to be an Inca, Ruy Díaz de Guzmán introduces himself as a Spaniard. Therefore, the biographies of both authors are discussed in order to understand their life trajectories, ideologies and work from a comparative point of view.

  1. Programa educativo de salud bucodental dirigido a las personas adultas mayores del grupo amor y alegría, de Laguna de Alfaro Ruiz/ Oral health education program aimed to “Amor y Alegría” group, on Laguna of Alfaro Ruiz

    OpenAIRE

    Villalobos Rodríguez, Melania

    2011-01-01

    El objetivo principal de este trabajo fue medir los beneficios en la salud oral de un grupo de 21 mujeres adultas mayores vecinas de Laguna de Zarcero, en respuesta a su participación en la conformación de un programa orientado a promover la salud oral y a prevenir las enfermedades dentales más frecuentes. Las señoras son miembros del grupo ?Amor y Alegría? perteneciente a la Asociación Gerontológica Costarricense (AGECO). Con fines motivadores, se usaron principios andragógicos los cuales in...

  2. Analytical characterization of some pasteurized apple juices during storage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damian Cristina

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to assess the effect of three weeks of storage on the chemical and rheological properties of apple juices obtained from Idared and Jonatan apples variety. Total antioxidant activity, levels of bio-active compound groups and the viscosity were measured to characterize the investigated juices. The method applied for the determination of ascorbic acid concentration was with 2, 6-diclorophenolindophenol. Total phenols (TP in apple juices were determined using the Folin-Ciocalteau method and antioxidant activity by the use of DPPH free radical method. The viscosity of apple juices was investigated by a rotational viscometer, Brookfield viscometer (Brookfield Engineering Inc., Model RV-DV I Prime with RV spindles. During three weeks of storage, different rates of all measured properties have been observed decreasing for both studied apples varieties juices. The juices from Jonatan apples have higher antioxidant activities that are correlated with the higher content in polyphenols and lower values of viscosity.

  3. Palmse viinaköögi manifest

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1996-01-01

    Manifest. Tõlkijate seminari puhul 17. mail 1996 Palmse viinaköögis Juta Bedia, Eric Dickens, Gyözö Fehérvári, Guntars Godinsh, Maima Grinberga, Irja Grönholm, Leif Hannibal, Cornelius Hasselblatt, Pirkko Huurto, Ivo Iliste, Nora Javorskaja, Gisbert Jänicke, Kaisu Lahikainen, Enel Melberg, Vera Ruber, Arnold Tamm, Leili Tamm, Jonatan Tomesh, Lilia Velic'kova, Marianne Vogel. Inglise k.: Estonian Literary Magazine, autumn 1996, nr. 3

  4. Palmse viinaköögi manifest

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1996-01-01

    Manifest. Tõlkijate seminari puhul 17. mail 1996 Palmse viinaköögis Juta Bedia, Eric Dickens, Gyözö Fehérvári, Guntars Godinsh, Maima Grinberga, Irja Grönholm, Leif Hannibal, Cornelius Hasselblatt, Pirkko Huurto, Ivo Iliste, Nora Javorskaja, Gisbert Jänicke, Kaisu Lahikainen, Enel Melberg, Vera Ruber, Arnold Tamm, Leili Tamm, Jonatan Tomesh, Lilia Velic'kova, Marianne Vogel. Inglise k.: Estonian Literary Magazine, autumn 1996, nr. 3

  5. Ma(d)skulinitet - Kønskamp i TV-køkkenet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leer, Jonatan

    Når tv-kokke som Jamie Oliver, Gordon Ramsay og brødrene Price toner frem på skærmen, laver de ikke kun mad. De mixer også maskulinitet. For når en mand laver mad, laver maden også manden. Det mener postdoc Jonatan Leer, der i Ma(ds)kulinitet. Kønskamp i tv-køkkenet præsenterer, hvordan og hvorfor...

  6. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Research (AIDS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-07-15

    Polonis V, Corts K, Hoc"en-Lewis C, Eddy G. Production of functionally defective HIV-l reverse transcriptase can be initiated by a human peripheral blood... Interamericana , Mexico-Buenos Aires - Madrid. 1989. Ruiz Manuscript 1989 Ruiz NM, Ramirez-Rhonda CH. Tratamiento quirurjico de endocarditis. Chapter in...M.D.; Editorial Interamericana , Mexico-Buenos Aires - Madrid, 1989. Ruiz Manuscript 1989 Rivera G, Ruiz NM. Principios generales en el tratemiento

  7. Análise espacial de redes de negócio e de família no século XVI : a companhia de Simón Ruiz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Pinto

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Since the 1970’s, Fernand Braudel has urged for the integration of space in historical analysis, pointing towards to what we call nowadays a “Geographically-Integrated History”. For this historian, the creation of a map as an analytical support was necessary to comprehend men´s evolution, in the belief that change happens in a space-temporal frame. Our work is being developed within the research project DynCoopNet (“Dynamic Complexity of Cooperation-Based Self-Organizing Commercial Networks in the First Global Age” which goal is to reveal the mechanisms of cooperation among merchants that tied together the self-organizing commercial networks of the First Global Age (1400-1800. Focusing on the notion of dynamic that implies an integration of space and time, our aim is to develop a spatial analysis, highlighting the role of space on network building. This paper intends to present an innovative approach that demonstrates the benefits of carrying on spatio-temporal analysis of historical data sources.

  8. El Crecimiento del Nogal (Cordia alliodora Ruiz & Pavon Oken en Relación con Algunos Factores Climáticos, Edáficos y Fisiográficos en el Suroeste de Antioquia (Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giraldo L. G.

    1980-09-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio, realizado en zona cafetera de Antioquia, Colombia, presenta relaciones entre el índice de sitio (S para Cordia alliadora, de regeneración natural cultivado en asocio con el café y algunas propiedades edáficas, climáticas y fisiográficas. La información se obtuvo de trece parcelas distribuidas en un amplio rango de índices de sitio. No se encontró ninguna correlación significativa entre el S y las propiedades físicas de los suelos, tampoco para la temperatura media y la pendiente. Las únicas propiedades químicas de los suelos que correlacionaron significativamente con el S fueron el pH (R2 =0.466 y la CIC (R2 =0.525, encontrando que la función gama explicaba mejor la asociación entre las variables. Una regresión múltiple usando como variables independientes la CIC y el pH y como modelo la función gama correlacionó significativamente con el S (R2 = 0.750; según este modelo el máximo crecimiento (S = 28 m se alcanza para un pH = 5.5 y CIC = 40 meq/ 100 gr. de suelo.

  9. Comentario del Académico Dr. Efraím Otero Ruiz al Libro “Diabetes en Colombia. Recuento Histórico y Bibliográfico”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efraím Otero Ruiz

    2005-03-01

    El otro gran pilar de la endocrinología y de la Asociación fue Jaime Cortázar, muerto a comienzos de este mes, el mismo día de Ronald Reagan y casi con los mismos años de ausencia del mundo cognoscitivo que afectaron al presidente norteamericano. Para mi formación Jaime fue más que pilar una brújula y un orientador y un apoyo en esos momentos en que uno se ve forzado a pasar de la adolescencia del pregrado a la madurez de la vida profesional. Mi amistad y mi devoción por él la he dejado consignada en varios de mis libros y en muchos de mis escritos. Mario Sánchez en su prólogo y Alfredo en su libro consagran cómo ellos dos, pero yo diría que sobre todo Jaime, se precuparon por hacer de la diabetes una preocupación nacional y para ello llevarla precozmente a los estrados políticos. Lo mismo que se está haciendo ahora, medio siglo después, pero sin la sencillez y la diafanidad que caracterizaron a nuestros pioneros. Jaime aprovechó su reciente designación como Director del Instituto Nacional de Cancerología, en 1955, para visitar continuamente el Ejecutivo y el Legislativo y hacer conocer el problema y promulgar los decretos que apoyaran el Comité Nacional de Lucha contra la Diabetes, que vió su luz ese año y cuya presidencia ocupó. Su apoyo moral eran la consulta de Endocrinología del Instituto (44.8% de todos los pacientes con alteraciones endocrinas no neoplásicas en los 30 años analizados por Jácome y Mesa en su análisis de dicha consulta, publicado en Medicina el año pasado, fueron diabéticos y la Asociación Colombiana de Diabetes que, como lo dice muy bien el autor, muy pronto acogió a la naciente Sociedad Colombiana de Endocrinología. ¡La presencia estimulante de Jaime vivirá para siempre en el recuerdo de todos sus amigos!...

  10. Investigation of Heterogeneous Atmospheric Chlorine Chemistry: Modeling and Environmental Chamber Studies Authors: Cameron B. Faxon, Lea Hildebrandt Ruiz, and David Allen University of Texas at Austin, McKetta Department of Chemical Engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faxon, C. B.; Hildebrandt Ruiz, L.; Allen, D.

    2013-12-01

    Previous work has shown that gas phase atomic chlorine radicals (Cl*) can influence tropospheric photochemistry, including concentrations of volatile organic compound (VOC) and ozone. These radicals are produced through both gas phase and heterogeneous pathways. This work presents computational and experimental investigation into the heterogeneous reactions of chloride aerosols. An overview of a sensitivity analysis of the physical parameters involved in the heterogeneous production of nitryl chloride (ClNO2) (R1-R5) will comprise the computational work presented. NO2(g) + NO3(g) ↔ N2O5(g) (R1) N2O5(aq) ↔ N2O5(aq) (R2) N2O5(aq) ↔ NO2+(aq) + NO3-(aq) (R3) NO2+(aq) + H2O(aq) → H3O+(aq) + HNO3(aq) (R4a) NO2+(aq) + Cl- → ClNO2 + H2O(aq) (R4b) NO3-(aq) + H+ ↔ HNO3+(aq) (R5) Relative parameters include the reactive uptake coefficient, ClNO2 yield, particle surface area, and gas phase concentrations of VOCs and NOx. The sensitivity analysis results were generated through photochemical box modeling and focus on the production of ClNO2 and impacts to ozone production. Results were compared to a base case scenario in which all heterogeneous reactions were absent. Parameter values reaching the upper limits reported in the literature were tested, and results indicate that ClNO2 chemistry can potentially change peak O3 concentrations by -10.5% to 27%. NOx availability was also found to play an important role. Experimental results of the heterogeneous reaction between OH* and particulate chloride (R6-R7) will also be discussed. The mechanism is shown below, and OH***Cl- represents an intermediate species forming at the particle surface. OH(g) + Cl-(aq) → OH***Cl-(aq) (R6) 2OH***Cl-(aq) → Cl2,g + 2OH-(aq) (R7) Environmental chamber experiments involving the exposure of NaCl aerosol particles to typical atmospheric conditions (HOx, NOx, O3 and UV radiation) were performed. A 10 cubic meter teflon reaction chamber equipped with UV lights was used to contain the reactions, and a High Resolution Time-of-Flight Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometer allowed for quantification and identification of gas phase species produced by the mechanism. Aerosol population size distributions were monitored using a Scanning Electrical Mobility System, and an Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor was used for chemical characterization of the particle phase. In each experiment, NaCl aerosol particles were injected into the chamber along with a photolytic precursor of the hydroxyl radical (H2O2 or HONO). The mixture was then exposed to UV radiation to initiate photochemical hydroxyl radical production, and resulting Cl2 production was monitored using mass spectrometry. Variation of initial conditions (e.g., relative humidity, OH precursor, etc.) was used to test the sensitivity of the mechanism's efficacy to environmental conditions. To assess the impact of particle composition on the mechanism's effectiveness, results from pure NaCl aerosols were compared to aerosols including an organic component. The impact of the presence or absence of elevated O3 concentrations was also examined. Resulting variations in mechanism efficiency will be compared and discussed.

  11. DISCUSSION OF “CLUSTERING ON DISSIMILARITY REPRESENTATIONS FOR DETECTING MISLABELLED SEISMIC SIGNALS AT NEVADO DEL RUIZ VOLCANO” BY MAURICIO OROZCO-ALZATE, AND CÉSAR GERMÁN CASTELLANOS-DOMÍNGUEZ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rivera Diego

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The authors are to be congratulated for a systematic investigationof the accurate and non subjective classifying approach in seismic research. The authors have conducted several clustering algorithms to the seismic event records from Volcanological and SeismologicalObservatory at Manizales. Their objective was to improve the grouping of seismic data (i.e., volcano-tectonic earthquakes, long-period earthquakes and icequakes digitized at 100.16 Hz sampling frequency.Their study seems adding new approach to their previous work of Langer et al. (2006 who applied different classification techniques to seismic data.

  12. Discurso de Orden Pronunciado por el Académico Dr. Efraím Otero-Ruiz, durante la posesión del Académico.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria Rodriguez

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Dr. José Félix Patiño como Presidente de la Academia Nacional de Medicina.

    Señores Académicos, señoras, señores:

    (Santafé de Bogotá, marzo 19 de 1998


    Como un "Fenómeno del Niño" y con el ímpetu emocional de esas sagas cíclicas que nos recordara
    vívidamente "Cien Años de Soledad" se repite, a los ocho años, una ceremonia en que dos de sus
    actores son los mismos, sólo que con orden inverso. Esta vez un hombre salido de las filas académicas, sin otro mérito que su capacidad de reconocimiento y afecto, tiene como honroso encargo pronunciar el discurso de orden en la posesión de José Félix Patiño como Presidente de la Academia Nacional de Medicina para los dos últimos años del milenio, rodeado de una dignísima Junta Directiva y sucediendo a otro hombre de cualidades eximias, que ha dirigido uno de los cuatrienios más ilustres por
    los que haya pasado la corporación.

    En esa otra época, 1990, fue un académico ya cargado de honores y de merecimientos quien pronunciara gallardamente el discurso de orden durante el acto de mi posesión como Presidente, en el paraninfo de la Academia Colombiana de la Lengua.
    Denominador común era y sigue siendo el mutuo bagaje de una amistad ininterrumpida de más de
    cuarenta años, que es el que me lleva a pronunciar estas palabras, cargadas como nunca de admiración, de respeto y de cariño.

    Porque la nutrida votación que llevó al académico Patiño a salir electo con el 95% de los votos,
    fenómeno casi nunca antes visto en los anales de nuestra venerable Academia, no es sino la expresión
    unánime de confianza por un hombre que, ya alcanzada la "edad bíblica" --como él mismo
    lo dijera en sus vivaces memorias del año pasado- conserva la chispa de su infatigable intelecto,
    siempre ávido para enseñar y aprender; y mantiene la integridad física y el ánimo del cirujano de
    cuatro decenios, que algún día quiso convertir a ese especialista en verdadero "biólogo de los tejidos"
    a su imagen y semejanza, y que no cesa de repetir, con su enseñanza y con su ejemplo, la frase
    preferida tomada de Alexander Walt, que dice que la medicina y particularmente la cirugía "es la
    actividad más intensamente moral que pueda ejercer el hombre"...

  13. Discurso del Académico Efraím Otero Ruiz, Presidente de la Sociedad Colombiana de Historia de la Medicina En la Recepción como Miembro Honorario del Dr. Egón Lichtenberger.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efraim Otero Ruiz

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Bogotá, Mayo 15 de 1997

    Señores Académicos, señoras, señores :

    Retornamos antes de ocho días a esta alta tribuna del pensamiento académico, esta vez para acoger y exaltar como Académico Honorario al Profesor Dr. Egon Lichtenberger. En él consagramos no solamente a la Anatomía Patológica como especialidad, ausente muchos lustros de este recinto bogotano, desde la época de su numerario y posterior Presidente Dr. Juan Pablo Llinás, sino especialmente a la persona que con su dedicación, su enseñanza y su ejemplo ha servido para darle la categoría que corresponde a esta rama del saber médico, formando generaciones de nuevos patólogos que han extendido su conocimiento por todo lo largo y ancho de nuestra accidentada geografía.

    Para reconocer la dimensión exacta de sus contribuciones, habría que mirar en qué estado se encontraba la anatomía patológica en Colombia al finalizar la década de los años cuarentas cuando Egon se gradúa de la Universidad Nacional, en 1947, con una tesis calificada como meritoria. Hasta la época de la lla. Guerra Mundial toda nuestra enseñanza anatomopatológica tomaba sus raíces en Francia, directamente derivada de Bichat y de Cruveilhier y admirablemente suplementada por los textos de anatomía descriptiva de Testut – Latarjet, que todo estudiante debía memorizar en dos años de agobiador ejercicio mnemotécnico. Allí, desde los bancos de disección anatómica, se barruntaban las variaciones de lo normal a lo patológico, que simultámeamente y a partir del segundo año de carrera se entrelazaban con las preparaciones histopatológicas.

    Sin embargo, a pesar de que la escuela fisiopatológica se había originado en la Francia de mediados del ochocientos con Claude Bernard y sus seguidores, la anatomopatológia seguía teniendo la misma rigidez descriptiva de los anatomistas clásicos, sin que tratara de orientarse al estudiante, las más de las veces, hacia las sutiles relaciones entre función y estructura.

    En cambio en los países anglosajones la disciplina anatomopatológica, derivada de los estudios de Skoda y Rokitansky en Viena, de los Hunter en Inglaterra o de Welch en los Estados Unidos y fortalecida por la teoría celular de Schwann y de Virchow, además de seguir una tendencia más objetiva y estadística, se había enriquecido, a partir de la era bacteriológica, con los estudios de patológia experimental, complementados más y más con estudios bioquímicos, in vivo e in vitro, que trataba de determinar muy de cerca la alteración funcional.

    Y si a ello se agregan los trabajos de los primeros neueofisiólogos, endogrinólogos, y oncólogos experimentales -como lo fueron Cushing, Cannon, Sherrington, Loeb y Rous a comienzos del siglo- los primeros intentos de cultivo de tejidos, iniciados por Carrel, vemos cómo se va diferenciando una escuela, distinta de la francesa y con sus propias e individuales luminarias a medida que avanzan las décadas del siglo XX. Hasta la misma denominación, patológia en vez de anatomía patológica, señala ese alejamiento de lo meramente descriptivo hacia algo más fisiopatológico y dinámico.

    Como lo reconocería la misión Humphreys en la época a la que nos estamos refiriendo-finales de los cuarentas-, la gran mayoría de la histopatológia colombiana seguía la orientación francesa. Tan sólo en Medellín, en esos años, comenzaba a darse un cambio hacia la escuela norteamericana inducido por el Profesor Alfredo Correa Henao, formado en Johns Hopkins y creador del Instituto de Anatomía Patológica de la Universidad de Antioquia. De el ha dicho su biógrafo, el eximio historiador antioqueño de la medicina Dr. Alfredo Naranjo Villegas, lo mismo que podríamos decir del eminente patólogo que hoy Homenajeamos : ” Fue él quien le dió (a la anatomía patológica toda la categoría científica que requería. Gracias a él puede la Facultad de Medicina exhibir un Departamento que haría honor a cualquiera de las más exigentes facultades médicas del mundo”...

  14. La urbe global y el gobierno de la vida humana. Coordinadores: Castor M.M. Bartolomé Ruiz y Rubén Alberto Duarte Cuadros. Colombia: Editorial Universidad Libre, 2012, 266 pp

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omar Huertas Díaz

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del libro mediante los conocimientos filosóficos que se manejan y los planteamientos políticos que se utilizan es buscar una minimización de abusos de derechos humanos, observando los casos presentados en Colombia, el abuso de poder de los gobernadores y entes militares en estos últimos años. Es por eso que los autores mediante sus ponencias plantean o presentan una revisión del conflicto latinoamericano, de forma que se pueda visualizar holísticamente un problema y unas posibles soluciones.

  15. Ruiz-Gálvez Pliego, M. (2013. Con el fenicio en los talones. Los inicios de la Edad del Hierro en la cuenca del Mediterrámeo. Barcelona: Editorial Bellaterra. 377 págs.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sánchez Mondéjar, Celso

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available El último libro publicado por Marisa Ruíz-Gálvez, profesora titular de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid desde 1989, trata en profundidad el contexto histórico que posibilitó el desarrollo y expansión de la denominada cultura fenicia. Un interesante ejercicio motivado por la necesidad de mantener actualizada su asignatura de “Protohistoria del Mediterráneo”. Este libro nace, en palabras de la autora, de las inquietudes de sus alumnos y de la necesidad de sistematizar una bibliografía que cambia de año en año.

  16. Peralta Ruiz, Víctor. La independencia y la cultura política peruana (1808-1821. Lima: Instituto de Estudios Peruanos / M.J. Bustamante de la Fuente, 2010, 385 pp.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilar García Jordán

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available primeros tiempos de la revolución en unión con el ala urbana del movimiento 26 de Julio quisieron mermar los poderes de Castro. Los comunistas se fueron abriendo paso en el congreso. Los sindicalistas “mujalistas” y los independientes fueron depurados. El acercamiento de Castro a los comunistas recrudeció la guerra fría. Raúl Castro asumió el mando supremo de las fuerzas armadas, y Ernesto Guevara fue nombrado director del Banco Nacional. Este acercamiento de la revolución a los postulados comunistas hizo variar la postura de Estados Unidos, que había mantenido recelos importantes hacia la isla. Las presiones norteamericanas llevaron a Cuba a acercarse a la Unión Soviética, y en 1962 se produjo la crisis de los misiles, uno de los acontecimientos más duros de la guerra fría.

  17. Uso y abuso del espasmoforte en el servicio de urgencias del Policlínico “Hermanos Ruiz Aboy” Use and abuse of Spasmoforte in the emergency service of “Hermanos Ruíz Aboy” Polyclinic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Zangronis Ruano

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Los medicamentos constituyen la tecnología médica más utilizada en el mundo contemporáneo. La prescripción de un medicamento no debe ser considerado como un acto reflejo, una receta de cocina o una respuesta a las presiones comerciales o de los pacientes. Se aplicó una encuesta anónima a 450 pacientes medicados con espasmoforte para describir el uso de este fármaco en el Cuerpo de Guardia. La prescripción del medicamento fue elevada y relacionada erróneamente con la cefalea migrañosa. El costo del sobreuso es elevado y necesita ser más racional y eficaz su prescripciónDrugs are the most used medical technology in the contemporary world. Prescription of a drug should not be considered as a reflex act, a kitchen recipe, or an answer to commercials or patients' pressures. An anonymous survey was done among 450 patients medicated with Spasmoforte to describe the use of this drug in the emergency department. There was a high rate of prescription of this drug and it was erroneously related to migraine. The cost of the overuse is high, and its prescription needs to be more rational and efficient.

  18. Efeitos da radiação ultravioleta-C sobre a simetria e morfoanatomia foliar de Rapanea ferruginea (Ruiz et. Pav Mez. (Myrsinaceae - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v31i2.861 Effects of ultraviolet-C radiation on symmetry and morphoanatomy of Rapanea ferruginea (Ruiz et. Pav Mez. (Myrsinaceae leaves - DOI: 10.4025/actascibiolsci.v31i2.861

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Etenaldo Felipe Santiago

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Neste estudo, analisaram-se os efeitos da radiação UV-C sobre o desenvolvimento de folhas de Rapanea ferruginea. Plantas jovens foram selecionadas com seis meses de idade identificando-se as folhas já diferenciadas do 3º, 4º, 6º, 8º e 9º nó. Posteriormente, as plantas foram divididas em três grupos e submetidas à radiação UV-C por 30, 60 ou 120 min. seguidos. Para o estudo anatômico, foram utilizadas técnicas usuais de corte e coloração. As análises morfométricas foram realizadas determinando-se três pontos ao longo da nervura central da folha, medindo-se das bordas esquerda (E e direita (D até cada um desses pontos. Determinaram-se também os desvios de simetria, o comprimento e a largura máxima do limbo, submetendo os valores à Anova e ao teste de Tukey (p R. ferruginea à UV-C foram expressas por variações na simetria, bem como por injúrias morfoanatômicas, sobretudo ao parênquima paliçádico e mesofilo. A diferenciação das folhas não seguiu um padrão morfométrico, caracterizando, assim, uma assimetria não-direcional, ou seja, flutuante. Este estudo ressalta a importância de observações multiescalares para a determinação de respostas de plantas ao estresse, já que algumas folhas apresentaram danos anatômicos, porém não morfológicos.This study analyzed the effects of UV-C radiation on the development of Rapanea ferruginea leaves. Young plants were selected at six months of age, previously identifying the leaves that had already differentiated on the 3rd, 4th, 6th 8th and 9th nodes. After the selection, the plants were divided into three groups and subjected to UV-C radiation for 30, 60 or 120 minutes. The anatomic study was made by using usual techniques of cut and coloration. The morphometric analyses were made by determining three points on the midvein of the leaf, measuring from left (L and right (R borders to each of those points. The symmetry deviations, maximum length and width of the limb were measured and the values were submitted to Anova and the Tukey-test (p R. ferruginea to the UV-C were expressed by variations in the symmetry as well as morphoanatomic injuries, mainly in the palisade parenchyma and mesophyll. The differentiation of leaves did not follow a morphometric pattern, characterizing no directional asymmetry, i.e., fluctuating asymmetry. This study emphasizes the importance of multiscale observations for the determination of plant responses under stress, since several leaves showed anatomic injuries but no morphologic injuries.

  19. Material docente para el módulo "cooperación cultural en Iberoamérica" Temario, Materiales didácticos, selección bibliográfica, caso práctico, materiales de autoseguimiento y autoevaluación, de ayuda y guía

    OpenAIRE

    Barreiro Carril, Beatriz

    2014-01-01

    Elaborado por la profesora Dra. Beatriz Barreiro Carril para la el módulo "Cooperación Cultural en Iberoamérica" de la asignatura Cooperación en Iberoamérica: cooperación para el desarrollo y cooperación educativa cultural. Máster Universitario: Relaciones Internacionales Iberoamericanas. Programa de Doctorado (on-line).

  20. Vana kinematograafia kaitseks / Peeter Riba

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Riba, Peeter, 1967-

    1999-01-01

    Raoul Ruiz'i 1997.a. ilmunud raamatu "Filmikunsti poeetika" ("Poétique du cinéma") arvustus. Lisa : Artikkel Raoul Ruiz'i (1941-2011) kohta Ephraim Katzi entsüklopeediast "The Film Encyclopedia": Harper Perennial, 1998

  1. Romance of Leadership as a Leader Emergence Predictor

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    has been limited to the crafting of leadership models and validating the attributional notions behind ILT (Den Hartog , House, Hanges, Ruiz-Quintanilla...Sage Publications. Den Hartog , D., House, R., Hanges, P., Ruiz-Quintanilla, S. A., & Dorfman, P. (1999). Culture specific and cross-culturally

  2. Privileging Bilingualism: Using Biliterate Writing Outcomes to Understand Emerging Bilingual Learners' Literacy Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hopewell, Susan; Butvilofsky, Sandra

    2016-01-01

    Language planning and policy with regard to bilingual education are greatly influenced by the ideologies outlined by Richard Ruiz. In this article, we demonstrate that Ruiz's language-as-resource orientation requires that we use two-language assessments to study how program models are both developing and conserving the languages that students…

  3. El servicio civil de carrera y el ejercicio del poder público en el estado mexicano: el caso del Poder Judicial de la Federación /

    OpenAIRE

    Guinto López, Jesus Boanerges

    2012-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctorado en Derecho, presenta Jesus Boanerges Guinto Lopez ; asesor Jorge Fernández Ruiz, Alma de los Angeles Ríos Ruiz, José Dávalos Morales306 páginas.Doctorado en Derecho UNAM, Facultad de Derecho, 2012

  4. El servicio civil de carrera y el ejercicio del poder público en el estado mexicano: el caso del Poder Judicial de la Federación /

    OpenAIRE

    Guinto López, Jesus Boanerges

    2012-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctorado en Derecho, presenta Jesus Boanerges Guinto Lopez ; asesor Jorge Fernández Ruiz, Alma de los Angeles Ríos Ruiz, José Dávalos Morales306 páginas.Doctorado en Derecho UNAM, Facultad de Derecho, 2012

  5. Vana kinematograafia kaitseks / Peeter Riba

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Riba, Peeter, 1967-

    1999-01-01

    Raoul Ruiz'i 1997.a. ilmunud raamatu "Filmikunsti poeetika" ("Poétique du cinéma") arvustus. Lisa : Artikkel Raoul Ruiz'i (1941-2011) kohta Ephraim Katzi entsüklopeediast "The Film Encyclopedia": Harper Perennial, 1998

  6. Formulación de una propuesta de aprovechamiento de la energía geotérmica del proyecto nereidas del macizo volcánico del Ruiz como estrategia de mitigación del cambio climático

    OpenAIRE

    Velásquez Piedrahita, Alexander

    2015-01-01

    El tema de estudio del presente trabajo de grado se aborda desde las ciencias ambientales. Al decir que la mirada de análisis, evaluación y formulación, es desde las ciencias ambientales, se está afirmando que la aproximación al estudio de esta temática es desde la interdisciplina, intentando integrar el rigor de las ciencias naturales traducido en los conceptos de la ingeniería eléctrica, y el amplio abanico de interpretaciones, métodos y herramientas que ofrecen las ciencias ambientales. No...

  7. Estudio de la evolución de subpoblaciones linfocíticas en sangre periférica y órganos linfoides de cabra (Capra hircus) / Mª Esperanza Navarro Escayola ; directoras Mª Rosa Caro Vergara, Mª del Carmen Gallego Ruiz ; ponente Vicente Vicente Ortega.

    OpenAIRE

    Navarro Escayola, María Esperanza; Caro Vergara, María Rosa; Gallego Ruiz, María del Carmen

    1997-01-01

    Tesis-Universidad de Murcia. MEDICINA ESPINARDO. DEPOSITO. MU-Tesis 500. Consulte la tesis en: BCA. GENERAL. Fac. Veterinaria. Departamentos. E002B T.70. Consulte la tesis en: BCA. GENERAL. ARCHIVO UNIVERSITARIO. T.M.-1480.

  8. Arquitectura doméstica en la Granada Moderna

    OpenAIRE

    López Guzmán, Rafael

    2009-01-01

    Rafael López Guzmán (coordinación científica); José Policarpo Cruz Cabrera, María Elena Díez Jorge, Esther Galera Mendoza, Amalia García Pedraza, Lourdes Gutiérrez Carrillo, Juan Manuel Martín García (investigadores); José Castillo Ruiz, Elisa Entrena Núñez, Gabriel Fernández Adarve, Miguel Ángel Sorroche Cuerva, Iván Ruiz Laguna, Alejandro Pérez Ordóñez, Aurora Molina Fajardo, Cristina Ruiz de la Fuente Serrano (colaboradores).

  9. Arquitectura doméstica en la Granada Moderna

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Rafael López Guzmán (coordinación científica); José Policarpo Cruz Cabrera, María Elena Díez Jorge, Esther Galera Mendoza, Amalia García Pedraza, Lourdes Gutiérrez Carrillo, Juan Manuel Martín García (investigadores); José Castillo Ruiz, Elisa Entrena Núñez, Gabriel Fernández Adarve, Miguel Ángel Sorroche Cuerva, Iván Ruiz Laguna, Alejandro Pérez Ordóñez, Aurora Molina Fajardo, Cristina Ruiz de la Fuente Serrano (colaboradores).

  10. 76 FR 25690 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-05

    ... Eastern Express (NVO), 10717 Camino Ruiz, 119, San Diego, CA 92126, Officers: Alex O. De Guzman, President..., (Qualifying Individual), Juan A. Peralta, President, Application Type: New NVO License. Genex Logistics,...

  11. Book Review – De la educación a distancia a la educación virtual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter S. Cookson

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Authors: Lorenzo García Aretio, Marta Ruiz Ruiz and Daniel Domínguez Figaredo. (2007. De la educación a distancia a la educación virtual. Barcelona: Editorial Ariel, S.A. ISBN: 978-84-344-2666-5.This book comprises the reflections of knowledgeable and seasoned distance education practitioners on the paradigm shift from (fourth generation distance education to (fifth generation virtual education. The authors are seasoned and prominent academics at the Distance Education University (UNED of Spain. Lorenzo García Aretio is the Unesco Distance Education Chair and Dean, Marta Ruiz Ruiz is a professor and Vice-Dean, and Daniel Domínguez Figaredo is a faculty member and researcher in the Department of Educational Theory and Social Education.For the benefit of English language readers, in this review I will present an overview of some of the numerous insights presented by the authors.

  12. Moemärke Hispaaniast / Riina Robinson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Robinson, Riina

    2008-01-01

    Kuulsad Hispaania moekunstnikud Paco Rabanne (sünd. 1934), Cristobal Balenciaga, Agatha Ruiz de la Prada (sünd. 1960), Oscar de la Renta (1932), Paloma Picasso (1949). Rõivapoodide ketid Zara, Mango ja El Corte Ingles

  13. Effect of indole butyric acid on micrografting of cactus

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR. NJ TONUKARI

    2012-03-22

    Mar 22, 2012 ... ornamental plant and they should be grafted to root stock containing chlorophyll. In this research, ... mercial propagation has been restricted because of poor success that is ..... Vegetative propagation of. Cordia alliodora (Ruiz ...

  14. Maailma parim ehitis 2011 / Jarmo Kauge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kauge, Jarmo

    2011-01-01

    Barcelonas 2.-4. nov. 2011 toimunud 4. Maailma arhitektuurifestivalil (WAF) aasta parima ehitise tiitli pälvinud Media-ICT kontorihoonest Barcelonas. Autor: Enric Ruiz-Geli arhitektuuribüroost Cloud 9

  15. Picasso suguvõsa asutab muuseumi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Picasso suguvõsa asutab kunstniku sünnilinnas Malagas Hispaanias uue Picasso muuseumi. Aastal 2000 valmiva muuseumi idee taga on kunstniku vanema poja lesk Christine ja tema poeg Bernard Ruiz Picasso.

  16. Moemärke Hispaaniast / Riina Robinson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Robinson, Riina

    2008-01-01

    Kuulsad Hispaania moekunstnikud Paco Rabanne (sünd. 1934), Cristobal Balenciaga, Agatha Ruiz de la Prada (sünd. 1960), Oscar de la Renta (1932), Paloma Picasso (1949). Rõivapoodide ketid Zara, Mango ja El Corte Ingles

  17. Picasso suguvõsa asutab muuseumi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Picasso suguvõsa asutab kunstniku sünnilinnas Malagas Hispaanias uue Picasso muuseumi. Aastal 2000 valmiva muuseumi idee taga on kunstniku vanema poja lesk Christine ja tema poeg Bernard Ruiz Picasso.

  18. Maailma parim ehitis 2011 / Jarmo Kauge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kauge, Jarmo

    2011-01-01

    Barcelonas 2.-4. nov. 2011 toimunud 4. Maailma arhitektuurifestivalil (WAF) aasta parima ehitise tiitli pälvinud Media-ICT kontorihoonest Barcelonas. Autor: Enric Ruiz-Geli arhitektuuribüroost Cloud 9

  19. An unusual new species of Guatteria (Annonaceae) from French Guiana and adjacent Brazil (Amapá)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scharf, U.; Maas, P.J.M.; Prévost, M.F.

    2008-01-01

    During a taxonomic treatment of Annonaceae for the Flora of the Guianas project, an unusual new species of Guatteria Ruiz & Pav., G. anteridifera from French Guiana and Amapá in Brazil (Northern South America) was found and described herein.

  20. Five new species of Guatteria (Annonaceae) from French Guiana, Guyana and Suriname

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scharf, U.; Maas, P.J.M.; Morawetz, W.

    2006-01-01

    As a precursor to a taxonomic treatment of Annonaceae for the Flora of the Guianas project, five new species of Guatteria Ruiz & Pav. from French Guiana, Guyana and Suriname (Northern South America) are described here.

  1. Five new species of Guatteria (Annonaceae) from the Pakaraima Mountains, Guyana

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scharf, U.; Maas, P.J.M.; Morawetz, W.

    2005-01-01

    In advance of a taxonomic treatment for the Flora of the Guianas project, five new species of Guatteria Ruiz & Pav. (Annonaceae), from the Pakaraima Mountains in Western Guyana (northern South America) are described here.

  2. Increasing diversity in the species-rich genus Guatteria (Annonaceae)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Erkens, R.H.J.; Westra, L.Y.Th.; Maas, P.J.M.

    2008-01-01

    During a taxonomic treatment of Annonaceae for the Flora of the Guianas project, an unusual new species of Guatteria Ruiz & Pav., G. anteridifera from French Guiana and Amapá in Brazil (Northern South America) was found and described herein.

  3. Reseñas

    OpenAIRE

    Girón Irueste, Fernando

    1983-01-01

    Obra ressenyada: Camilo ÁLVAREZ DE MORALES Y RUIZ MATAS, "El libro de la almohada" de Ibn Wajd de Toledo (Recetario médico árabe del siglo XI). Toledo: Instituto Provincial de Estudios Toledanos, 1980.

  4. Success in the TACP Training Program An Objective Method for Selecting Battlefield Airmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-23

    with elite performance in power sports. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2009Nov;107(5):565-9. Santiago C, Ruiz JR, Buxens A, Artieda M, Arteta D, Gonzalez- Freire ...ApplPhysiol. 2009 Aug;106(6):785- 90. 20    Ruiz JR, Gómez-Gallego F, Santiago C, González- Freire M, Verde Z, Foster C,Lucia A. Is there an optimum

  5. A higienização da escola primária portuguesa no amanhecer do século 20 - The portuguese elementary school hygiene at the turn of the 20th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Manuela Pereira Figueiredo Rodrigues, Portugal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente texto procura refletir sobre as preocupações higienizantes que, a partir dos finais do século 19, passaram a atuar no espaço escolar. De um modo mais específico, procurar-se-á acompanhar a transposição didática dos normativos legais ao território espacial das escolas primárias do concelho do Barreiro, num período temporal que se estende até aos anos de 1920.Palavras-chave: higiene, escola primária, cultura escolar. THE PORTUGUESE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL HYGIENE AT THE TURN OF THE 20TH CENTURYAbstractThis paper seeks to reflect on the new hygiene concerns that from the late 19th century, act in school. In particular, it will try to follow the didactic transposition of the legal norms to the elementary schools spatial territory fromBarreiro, in a time period that extends until the twenties of the 20th century.Key-words: hygiene, elementary school, school culture. LA HIGIENIZAÇÃO DE LA ESCUELA PRIMARIA PORTUGUESA EN EL AMANECER DEL SIGLO 20ResumenEl presente texto pretende reflejar sobre las nuevas preocupaciones higienizantes que, a partir de los finales del siglo 19, actúan en el espacio escolar. De un modo más específico, se buscará acompañar la transposición didáctica de los normativos legais al territorio espacial de las escuelas primarias del municipio de Barreiro, en un período de tiempo que se extiende hasta los años 1920.Palabras-clave: higiene, escuela primaria, cultura escolar. L'HYGIÈNE DANS L’ ÉCOLE PRIMAIRE PORTUGAISE AU DÉBUT DU 20E SIÈCLERésuméCe text vise à réfléchir sur les nouvelles préoccupations d’hygiène qui, dès la fin du 19e siècle, ont commence à agir dans l'espace de l’école. Plus spécifiquement, nous voulons accompagner la transposition didactique des normes juridiques au territoire des écoles primaires du comté de Barreiro, dans une période de temps qui s'étend jusqu'aux années vingt du 20e siècle.Mots-clé: hygiène, école primaire, culture scolaire.

  6. Fabricación y comportamiento a desgaste de recubrimientos Al/MoSi2 sobre Al fabricados por proyección térmica

    OpenAIRE

    Díaz Gómez, Miguel

    2010-01-01

    Proyecto Fin de Carrera leído en la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos en el curso académico 2009/2010. Directores del Proyecto: Belén Torres Barreiro y Mónica Campo Gómez Los materiales en la industria sufren un deterioro cuando están sometidos a fricción, lo que produce importantes pérdidas económicas en muchos sectores industriales. Este trabajo pretende contribuir a la búsqueda de recubrimientos que permitan reducir el desgaste de los equipos, alargando así su vida útil, y ahorrando ...

  7. Terminology and Assessment Methods of Solid Propellant Rocket Exhaust Signatures (Methodes d’Evaluation des Signatures des Propulseurs a Propergol Solide)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-02-01

    11 69D-80tJ0 Mu~nchcn 80 Spain Mr D,M. Barreiros Dr R. Dirscherl Departemento Energia y Deutsche Aerospace Propulsion Abteilung VAR 331 INTA Postfach... Solar scattering from less thtan a factor at I1) for smokte bmoke a Search lightl effert Near infrared S Glood S Poor P lrobably figir but relatively...rotational systems 8.01 to00o or solar aind earthishine regioni lredictiolls cai be made to a (1 Molecular Ilybrlde relatioii factor or 5 (I F. I [CI 1120) a

  8. Botiquín de campaña en 1819

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Elías Ortiz

    1962-11-01

    Full Text Available No únicamente a título de curiosidad, sino como contribución a la historia de la evolución de la medicina en Colombia, ofrecemos a continuación un alista de drogas, con sus precios de mercado, solicitada por el Coronel José María Barreiro, Comandante General de la 3a. División del ejército español para las necesidades de sus tropas en campaña.

  9. Response to: "Limitations of the Method of Lagrangian Descriptors" [arXiv:1510.04838

    CERN Document Server

    Balibrea-Iniesta, F; García-Garrido, V J; Lopesino, C; Mancho, A M; Mendoza, C; Wiggins, S

    2016-01-01

    This Response is concerned with the recent Comment of Ruiz-Herrera, "Limitations of the Method of Lagrangian Descriptors" [arXiv:1510.04838], criticising the method of Lagrangian Descriptors. In spite of the significant body of literature asserting the contrary, Ruiz-Herrera claims that the method fails to reveal the presence of stable and unstable manifolds of hyperbolic trajectories in incompressible systems and in almost all linear systems. He supports this claim by considering the method of Lagrangian descriptors applied to three specific examples. However in this response we show that Ruiz-Herrera does not understand the proper application and interpretation of the method and, when correctly applied, the method beautifully and unambiguously detects the stable and unstable manifolds of the hyperbolic trajectories in his examples.

  10. Keeping watch over Colombia’s slumbering volcanoes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ordoñez, Milton; López, Christian; Alpala, Jorge; Narváez, Lourdes; Arcos, Dario; Battaglia, Maurizio

    2015-01-01

    Located in the Central Cordillera (Colombian Andes), Nevado del Ruiz is a volcanic complex, topped by glaciers, rising 5,321 m above sea level. A relatively small explosive eruption from Ruiz's summit crater on November 13, 1985, generated an eruption column and sent a series of pyroclastic flows and surges across the volcano's ice-covered summit. Pumice and meltwater produced by the hot pyroclastic flows and surges swept into gullies and channels on the slopes of Ruiz as a series of lahars. Within two hours of the beginning of the eruption, lahars had traveled 100 km and left behind a wake of destruction: more than 25,000 people were killed (23,000 in the town of Armero and 2,000 in the town of Chinchiná), about 5,000 injured, and more than 5,000 homes destroyed along the Chinchiná, Gualí, and Lagunillas rivers.

  11. Empowering Adult Stem Cells for Myocardial Regeneration V2.0: Success in Small Steps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broughton, Kathleen M; Sussman, Mark A

    2016-03-01

    Much has changed since our survey of the landscape for myocardial regeneration powered by adult stem cells 4 years ago.(1) The intervening years since that first review has witnessed an explosive expansion of studies that advance both understanding and implementation of adult stem cells in promoting myocardial repair. Painstaking research from innumerable laboratories throughout the world is prying open doors that may lead to restoration of myocardial structure and function in the wake of pathological injury. This global effort has produced deeper mechanistic comprehension coupled with an evolving appreciation for the complexity of myocardial regeneration in the adult context. Undaunted by both known and (as yet) unknown challenges, pursuit of myocardial regenerative medicine mediated by adult stem cell therapy has gathered momentum fueled by tantalizing clues and visionary goals. This concise review takes a somewhat different perspective than our initial treatise, taking stock of the business sector that has become an integral part of the field while concurrently updating state of affairs in cutting edge research. Looking retrospectively at advancement over the years as all reviews eventually must, the fundamental lesson to be learned is best explained by Jonatan Mårtensson: "Success will never be a big step in the future. Success is a small step taken just now."

  12. Catastrophic volcanic collapse: relation to hydrothermal processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    López, D L; Williams, S N

    1993-06-18

    Catastrophic volcanic collapse, without precursory magmatic activity, is characteristic of many volcanic disasters. The extent and locations of hydrothermal discharges at Nevado del Ruiz volcano, Colombia, suggest that at many volcanoes collapse may result from the interactions between hydrothermal fluids and the volcanic edifice. Rock dissolution and hydrothermal mineral alteration, combined with physical triggers such as earth-quakes, can produce volcanic collapse. Hot spring water compositions, residence times, and flow paths through faults were used to model potential collapse at Ruiz. Caldera dimensions, deposits, and alteration mineral volumes are consistent with parameters observed at other volcanoes.

  13. Liderazgo y responsabilidad educativa: el necesario liderazgo de directores y profesores en la Educación

    OpenAIRE

    Marta RUIZ CORBELLA

    2013-01-01

    Estas ideas están desarrolladas en la ponencia de Bernal, A.; Jover, G., Ruiz Corbella, M. y Vera, J. (2013). El liderazgo personal y la construcción de la identidad profesional del docente en el XXXII Seminario Interuniversitario de Teoría de la Educación "Liderazgo y educación”. Disponible en: http://pendientedemigracion.ucm.es/info/site/site32.html Estas ideas están desarrolladas en la ponencia de Bernal, A.; Jover, G., Ruiz Corbella, M. y Vera, J. (2013). El liderazgo personal y la ...

  14. Mamíferos del Paleógeno de la Cuenca del Duero

    OpenAIRE

    Cuesta Ruiz-Colmenares, Miguel Ángel

    2003-01-01

    [ES] Capítulo firmado por Miguel Ángel Cuesta Ruiz-Colmenares centrado en los restos mamíferos del Paleógeno hallados en la Cuenca del Duero, del libro "Los Vertebrados fósiles en la historia de la vida.: excavación, estudio y patrimonio", editardo por Emiliano Jiménez Fuentes y Jorge Civis Llovera. [EN] Chapter signed by Miguel Angel Cuesta Ruiz-Colmenares remains focused on Paleogene mammals found in the Duero Basin, which appeared in the book "Los Vertebrados fósiles en la historia de l...

  15. Investigation into the Distribution of Ballast Water Tracers in Coastal Waters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-11-01

    for nonnative species to the coasts of North America. In: G.M. Ruiz and J.T. Carlton (Editors), Invasive species: vectors and management strategies...Editors), 2003. Invasive species: vectors and management strategies. Island Press, Washington, D.C., 600 pp. Ruiz, G.M., Fofonoff, P.W., Carlton, J.T...3629. Stabenau, E.R., Zepp, R.G., Bartels, E. and Zika , R.G., 2004. Role of the seagrass Thalassia testudinum as a source of chromophoric dissolved

  16. El abuso del derecho y la interpretación jurídica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Comanducci

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El ensayo presenta y critica, en general, la teoría de los ilícitos atípicos de Atienza y Ruiz Manero. Luego pone en tela de juicio, de manera más específica, la teoría normativa que Atienza y Ruiz Manero han delineado sobre el abuso del derecho. El autor basa sus críticas en una teoría escéptica de la interpretación jurídica y en un enfoque meta-ético de corte no-objetivista

  17. El abuso del derecho y la interpretación jurídica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Comanducci

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El ensayo presenta y critica, en general, la teoría de los ilícitos atípicos de Atienza y Ruiz Manero. Luego pone en tela de juicio, de manera más específica, la teoría normativa que Atienza y Ruiz Manero han delineado sobre el abuso del derecho. El autor basa sus críticas en una teoría escéptica de la interpretación jurídica y en un enfoque meta-ético de corte no-objetivista.

  18. THE ORIENTEERING ELITE: WORLD CHAMPIONS SINGULARITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tadeu Celestino

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The pursuit of perfection has been one of the challenges that always was followed by the human being. Currently no one is indifferent to the systematic and exceptional performances of athletes like Cristiano Ronaldo (soccer, Simone Luder Niglli and Thierry Gueorgiou (orienteering, Usain Bolt (athletics, Michael Phelps (swimming among many others, and whose characteristics, capabilities and development paths up immediately a great admiration and curiosity to know: how they developed these abilities? What characteristics and skills makes them so exceptional? How can maintain their high performance? In this sense the results have been showing that the development of excellence in sport has its origins in childhood and it is the result of an investment and long-term commitment (Barreiros, Côté, & Fonseca, 2013. But there are few studies focusing in some manner as orienteering.Objectives: This study aims to identify characteristics and peculiarities that mark the path of a group of excellent athletes in orienteering.

  19. Generating scenarios to predict air quality impact in public health

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia, J.M.; Coelho, L.M.R.; Gouveia, C.; Cerdeira, R. [Escola Superior de Tecnologia de Setubal (EST-IPS), Setubal (Portugal); Ferreira, T.; Baptista, M.N. [Hospital Na. Sa. do Rosario, Servico de Pediatria, Barreiro (Portugal)

    2004-07-01

    This study intends to associate air quality with public health by generating air quality scenarios, under different future perspectives in Barreiro. This city is located in middle south of Portugal nearby Lisbon and it has a large resident population, an important industrial area and intense traffic. In this study ADMS-urban was used to simulate the possible scenarios of future air quality in this city, taking into consideration the probable city development and future activities. Special attention was given to the future evolutions of traffic, industrial activities, demographical and geographical expansion. The new EU directives about air quality and the CAFE program were also considered. To correlate the impact of the future air quality of the city and public health, a children population sample was used. This study team is also composed by paediatric doctors from Hospital N{sup a}. S{sup a}. do Rosario that contribute with public health information and helped to identify air quality related diseases. (orig.)

  20. Bose-Hubbard models with staggered flux: Quantum phases, collective excitation, and tricriticality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Juan; Zhang, Shizhong

    2014-08-01

    We study the quantum phases of a Bose-Hubbard model with staggered magnetic flux in two dimensions, as was realized recently [M. Aidelsburger, M. Atala, M. Lohse, J. T. Barreiro, B. Paredes, and I. Bloch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 255301 (2011), 10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.255301]. Within mean-field theory, we show how the structure of the condensates evolves from the weak- to the strong-coupling limit, exhibiting a tricritical point at the Mott-superfluid transition. Nontrivial topological structures (Dirac points) in the quasiparticle (hole) excitations in the Mott state are found within random phase approximation and we discuss how interaction modifies their structures. The excitation gap in the Mott state closes at different k points when approaching the superfluid states, which is consistent with the findings of mean-field theory.

  1. Arqueocampo. Una actividad divulgativa del Patrimonio Arqueológico

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    ASESORÍA CIENTÍFICO-TÉCNICA: Roberto Aboal Fernández, Virginia Castro Hierro, Pastor Fábrega Álvarez, Cruz Ferro Vázquez, Teresa Neo Pérez, Carlos Otero Vilariño, Yolanda Porto Tenreiro, Sofía Quiroga Lima, Anxo Rodríguez Paz (LaPa – CSIC) COMUNICACIÓN: Ana Bellón Rodríguez (Delegación CSIC Galicia) DIDÁCTICA: Xesús López Borraxeiros, Nuria Vilalta Ribé, Jorge García García (Terceira Persoa) MONITORES/AS DE APOYO: Xurxo Ayán Vila, Paula Ballesteros Arias, David Barreiro Martínez, ...

  2. Simulating open quantum systems: from many-body interactions to stabilizer pumping

    CERN Document Server

    Mueller, M; Zhou, Y L; Roos, C F; Zoller, P

    2011-01-01

    In a recent experiment, Barreiro et al. demonstrated the fundamental building blocks of an open-system quantum simulator with trapped ions [Nature 470, 486 (2011)]. Using up to five ions, single- and multi-qubit entangling gate operations were combined with optical pumping in stroboscopic sequences. This enabled the implementation of both coherent many-body dynamics as well as dissipative processes by controlling the coupling of the system to an artificial, suitably tailored environment. This engineering was illustrated by the dissipative preparation of entangled two- and four-qubit states, the simulation of coherent four-body spin interactions and the quantum non-demolition measurement of a multi-qubit stabilizer operator. In the present paper, we present the theoretical framework of this gate-based ("digital") simulation approach for open-system dynamics with trapped ions. In addition, we discuss how within this simulation approach minimal instances of spin models of interest in the context of topological q...

  3. Early Cambrian granitoids of North Gondwana margin in the transition from a convergent setting to intra-continental rifting (Ossa-Morena Zone, SW Iberia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-García, T.; Pereira, M. F.; Bellido, F.; Chichorro, M.; Silva, J. B.; Valverde-Vaquero, P.; Pin, Ch.; Solá, A. R.

    2014-07-01

    Two distinct Cambrian magmatic pulses are recognized in the Ossa-Morena Zone (SW Iberia): an early rift-(ER) and a main rift-related event. This Cambrian magmatism is related to intra-continental rifting of North Gondwana that is thought to have culminated in the opening of the Rheic Ocean in Lower Ordovician times. New data of whole-rock geochemistry (19 samples), Sm-Nd-Sr isotopes (4 samples) and ID-TIMS U-Pb zircon geochronology (1 sample) of the Early Cambrian ER plutonic rocks of the Ossa-Morena Zone are presented in this contribution. The ER granitoids (Barreiros, Barquete, Calera, Salvatierra de los Barros and Tablada granitoid Massifs) are mostly peraluminous granites. The Sm-Nd isotopic data show moderate negative ɛNdt values ranging from -3.5 to +0.1 and TDM ages greatly in excess of emplacement ages. Most ER granitoids are crustal melts. However, a subset of samples shows a transitional anorogenic alkaline tendency, together with more primitive isotopic signatures, documenting the participation of lower crust or mantle-derived sources and suggesting a local transient advanced stage of rifting. The Barreiros granitoid is intrusive into the Ediacaran basement of the Ossa-Morena Zone (Série Negra succession) and has yielded a crystallization age of 524.7 ± 0.8 Ma consistent with other ages of ER magmatic pulse. This age: (1) constrains the age of the metamorphism developed in the Ediacaran back-arc basins before the intrusion of granites and (2) defines the time of the transition from the Ediacaran convergent setting to the Lower Cambrian intra-continental rifting in North Gondwana.

  4. Isolation and characterization of mercury-resistant bacteria from sediments of Tagus Estuary (Portugal): implications for environmental and human health risk assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Figueiredo, Neusa L L; Canário, João; Duarte, Aida; Serralheiro, Maria Luísa; Carvalho, Cristina

    2014-01-01

    Mercury (Hg) contamination of aquatic systems has been recognized as a global and serious problem affecting both human and environmental health. In the aquatic ecosystems, mercurial compounds are microbiologically transformed with methylation responsible for generation of methylmercury (MeHg) and subsequent biomagnification in food chain, consequently increasing the risk of poisoning for humans and wildlife. High levels of Hg, especially MeHg, are known to exist in Tagus Estuary as a result of past industrial activities. The aim of this study was to isolate and characterize Hg-resistant bacteria from Tagus Estuary. Mercury-resistant (Hg-R) bacteria were isolated from sediments of two hotspots (Barreiro and North Channel) and one reserve area (Alcochete). Mercury contamination in these areas was examined and bacterial susceptibility to Hg compounds evaluated by determination of minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC). The isolates characterization was based on morphological observation and biochemical testing. Bacteria characteristics, distribution, and Hg resistance levels were compared with metal levels. Barreiro and North Channel were highly contaminated with Hg, containing 126 and 18 μg/g total Hg, respectively, and in Alcochete, contamination was lower at 0.87 μg/g total Hg. Among the isolates there were aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, namely, sulfate-reducing bacteria, and Hg resistance levels ranged from 0.16 to 140 μg/ml for Hg(2+) and from 0.02 to 50.1 μg/ml for MeHg. The distribution of these bacteria and the resistance levels were consistent with Hg contamination along the depth of the sediments. Overall, results show the importance of the characterization of Tagus Estuary bacteria for ecological and human health risk assessment.

  5. Mutations in two nonhomologous genes in a head-to-head configuration cause Ellis-van Creveld syndrome.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ruiz-Perez, V.L.; Tompson, S.W.; Blair, H.J.; Espinoza-Valdez, C.; Lapunzina, P.; Silva, E.O.; Hamel, B.C.J.; Gibbs, J.L.; Young, I.D.; Wright, M.J.; Goodship, J.A.

    2003-01-01

    Ellis-van Creveld syndrome (EvC) is an autosomal recessive skeletal dysplasia. Elsewhere, we described mutations in EVC in patients with this condition (Ruiz-Perez et al. 2000). We now report that mutations in EVC2 also cause EvC. These two genes lie in a head-to-head configuration that is conserved

  6. Mechanism of Tumor Metastasis Suppression by the KAI1 Gene

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-02-01

    Genomics 41, 25–32. Dunon, D., Piali, L., Imhof , B.A., 1996. To stick or not to stick: the new leukocyte homing paradigm. Curr. Opin. Cell Biol. 8, 714–723...Eur. J. Immunol. 26, 2657–2665. Ruiz, P., Dunon, D., Sonnenberg, A., Imhof , B.A., 1993. Suppression of mouse melanoma metastasis by EA-1, a

  7. A Commentary on "Integrated Reporting: A Review of Developments and Their Implications for the Accounting Curriculum"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correa Ruiz, Carmen

    2013-01-01

    In this commentary, Correa Ruiz notes that from his analysis, Owen (2013) identified the essential elements to be included in a modern professional accounting curriculum, described how Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) has embedded "Integrated Reporting" in its curriculum, and discussed future curriculum development,…

  8. Case - Case-Law - Law

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sadl, Urska

    2013-01-01

    Reasoning of the Court of Justice of the European Union – Constr uction of arguments in the case-law of the Court – Citation technique – The use of formulas to transform case-law into ‘law’ – ‘Formulaic style’ – European citizenship as a fundamental status – Ruiz Zambrano – Reasoning from...

  9. Mapping of quantitative trait loci controlling Orobanche foetida Poir ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2009-06-17

    Jun 17, 2009 ... foetida Poir. resistance in faba bean (Vicia faba L.) Díaz-Ruiz R.1, Torres A.2, Gutierrez ... studies have been developed in order to identify sources of resistance among ... can no longer change the genetic constitution of RILs.

  10. WIND DIRECTION, pH and other data from FOX in the Caribbean Sea from 1974-08-30 to 1974-08-31 (NCEI Accession 7601844)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These data were collected in the Caribbean Sea from August 30-31, 1974. HMS FOX of the British navy was used to collect the data. Mr. Paul Ruiz, Tauton, Somerset, UK...

  11. Castro’s Cuba: Quo Vadis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-12-01

    Roque, National Assembly President Ricardo Alarcon de Quesada, Government Ministers Ricardo Cabrisas Ruiz and Yadira Garcia, and 20 historicos...6, No. 1, pp. 27-34. 43. Juan Carlos Espinoza , “Vanguard of the State: The Cuban Armed Forces in Transition,” Problems of Post-Communism, November

  12. 2008. aasta menukaimad / Udo Uibo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uibo, Udo, 1956-

    2009-01-01

    2008. aasta raamatumüügi tulemustest, mulluste menukamate kirjanike nimestikust, mis põhineb USA, Suurbritannia, Prantsusmaa, Saksamaa, Itaalia, Hollandi, Hiina, Hispaania ja Rootsi igakuistel ilukirjanduslike bestsellerite edetabelitel. Esikümnesse kuuluvad: Khaled Hossein, Stieg Larsson, Ken Follett, Stephenie Meyer, Muriel Barbery, Carlos Ruiz Zafón, Anna Gavalda, John Grisham, J. K. Rowling, Henning Mankell

  13. Cuando Colombia era una país de alegorías

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Eduardo Jaramillo Zuluaga

    1993-09-01

    Full Text Available Toá y Mancha de aceite. César Uribe Piedrahita (Prólogo de Darío Ruiz Gómez, Apéndice e Iconografia seleccionada por Luis Carlos Rodriguez Colección de Autores Antioqueños, Medellin, 1992, 363 págs.

  14. On multivariate dispersion orderings based on the standard construction

    OpenAIRE

    Belzunce, Félix; Ruiz, José M.; Suárez-Llorens, Alfonso

    2009-01-01

    On multivariate dispersion orderings based on the standard construction correspondance: Corresponding author. Tel.: +34 956015481; fax: +34 956015378. (Suarez-Llorens, Alfonso) (Suarez-Llorens, Alfonso) Dept. Estadistica e I. O.--> , Univ.--> , Murcia Spain--> - (Belzunce, Felix) Dept. Estadistica e I. O.--> , Univ.--> , Murcia Spain--> - (Ruiz, Jose M.) Dep...

  15. Genotypic and Phenotypic Characterization of Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli Strains Isolated from Peruvian Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    Reyes , F. Trujillo, F. Uribe, A. Navarro, J. M. De La Roca, J, M. Hernandez, G. Perez, and V. Vazquez. 1990. Risk of diarrhea during the first year of...Lopez-Vidal, Y., J, J. Calva, A. Trujillo, A. Ponce de Leon, A. Ramos, A.-M. Svennerbolm, and G. M. Ruiz-Palacios. 19󈧎. Enterotoxins and adhesins of

  16. Right of residence under Article 20 TFEU of the Primary Carer of a Minor Union Citizen: Summary of an expert opinion on issues arising from the pending case of Chavez-Vilchez and others (C-133/15)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dziedzic, Lukasz; Davies, Gareth; De Lange, Janneke; Biersteker, Anouk; Navia-Rodriguez, Lorena

    2015-01-01

    This is an English language summary of an extensive Dutch expert opinion concerning a pending ECJ case of wide relevance - a follow up to Ruiz Zambrano and Dereci which explores some of the more complex and realistic scenarios which may arise. That expert opinion provides a legal analysis of the

  17. Luminescence of Lanthanides and Actinides Implanted into Binary III-V semiconductors and AlGaAs

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-12-01

    16th International Symposium on Gallium Arsenide and Related Compounds, 25-29 Sep1 1989, 1ruiz~a, agano, Japan. Refereed paper to appear in ~Uyr...valve on the cryostat and using a Lakeshore Cryogenics Model DRC - 80C digital temperature contoller with a calibrated GaAs diode and three 3 W heaters

  18. Presentation of the Database

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-10-01

    Aerodynamics Division Carretera de Ajalvir s/n 28850 Torrejon de Ardoz, Madrid, SPAIN INTRODUCTION With the continuous progress in hardware and numerical...FAX E-MAIL L.P. Ruiz-Calavera INTA +34-1-520-1571 Aerodynamics Division Carretera de Ajalvir Km 4.5 +34-1-520-1978 28850 Torrej on de Ardoz, Spain

  19. Faster Simulation Methods for the Nonstationary Random Vibrations of Non-linear MDOF Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Askar, A.; Köylüo, U.; Nielsen, Søren R.K.

    1996-01-01

    . Such a treatment offers higher rates of convergence, faster speed and higher accuracy. These procedures are compared to the direct Monte Carlo simulation procedure, which uses a fourth order Runge-Kutta scheme with the white noise process approximated by a broad band Ruiz-Penzien broken line process...

  20. Faster Simulation Methods for the Non-Stationary Random Vibrations of Non-Linear MDOF Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Askar, A.; Köylüoglu, H. U.; Nielsen, Søren R. K.

    . Such a treatment offers higher rates of convergence, faster speed and higher accuracy. These procedures are compared to the direct Monte Carlo simulation procedure, which uses a fourth order Runge-Kutta scheme with the white noise process approximated by a broad band Ruiz-Penzien broken line process...

  1. El principio de subsidiariedad en la evaluación del federalismo mexicano : finanzas públicas, políticas públicas y organización social /

    OpenAIRE

    Mendoza Ruiz, Joel sustentante.

    2009-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctor en Ciencias Políticas y Sociales, presenta Joel Mendoza Ruiz ; asesor Raúl Olmedo Carranza. 362 páginas : ilustraciones. Doctorado en Ciencias Políticas y Sociales UNAM, Facultad de Ciencias Políticas y Sociales, 2009

  2. In Defense of Language Rights: Rethinking the Rights Orientation from a Political Economy Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bale, Jeff

    2016-01-01

    This article addresses language rights as a legitimate political tool for language policy scholarship and activism. The article begins by engaging several critiques of language rights. It analyzes Ruiz's language-as-right orientation to language policy, and then reviews recent scholarship challenging language rights from poststructural and…

  3. Modulation of Beta-catenin activity with PKD1 in Prostate Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    Holcombe RF: Wnt signaling in ovarian tumorigenesis. Int J Gynecol Cancer 2008, 18:954-962. 27. Sarrio D, Moreno -Bueno G, Sanchez-Estevez C, Banon...Cancer. 2005, 5, 65; [1b] A. Sanchez- Munoz, E. Perez-Ruiz, N. Ribelles, A. Marquez, E. Alba , Expert Rev Anticancer. Ther. 2008, 8, 1907

  4. Twenty-Four Tuba Harmonics Using a Single Pipe Length

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmes, Bud; Ruiz, Michael J.

    2017-01-01

    Harmonics arise naturally from the resonances in strings and pipes. A video demonstration (Ruiz 2016 "YouTube: Tuba Harmonics" (https://youtu.be/souhEzOP9c4)) is provided where a tubist (coauthor Holmes) produces a phenomenal 24 harmonics using a single tuba pipe length by controlling the buzz of his lips. The frequencies of the…

  5. Revista Interamericana de Educacion de Adultos, 2003 (Interamerican Review of Adult Education, 2003).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerra, Alfonso Rangel, Ed.

    2003-01-01

    This journal offers a collection of Spanish-language articles, including: "Educacion a Distancia y Uso de las Tecnologias: Experiencias Desafios y Oportunidades Educativas para Jovenes y Adultos" (Ma. Mercedes Ruiz); "Volver a a Educacion Fundamental? Notas para una Arquelogia de los Mandatos Fundacionales del CREFAL" (Jorge…

  6. Perspectives on Official English. The Campaign for English as the Official Language of the USA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Karen L., Ed.; Brink, Daniel T., Ed.

    Essays on the campaign to establish English as the United States' official language include: "Official Languages and Language Planning" (Richard Ruiz); "Una lingua, una patria?: Is Monolingualism Beneficial or Harmful to a Nation's Unity?" (David F. Marshall and Roseann D. Gonzalez); "Canadian Perspectives on Official English" (Joseph E. Magnet);…

  7. Kae kunstnikku! / Harry Liivrand, Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liivrand, Harry, 1961-

    2007-01-01

    Filmiajaloo kümme parimat filmi kunstnikest: Vincente Minnelli "Elujanu", Peter Webber "Tütarlaps pärlkõrvarõngaga", Andrei Tarkovski "Andrei Rubljov", Julie Taymor "Frida", James Ivory "Picasso: looja ja hävitaja", Ed Harris "Pollock", Julian Schnabel "Basquiat", Konrad Wolf "Goya ehk tunnetuse salakaval tee", Raoul Ruiz "Klimt", Oliver Hirschbiegel "Allakäik"

  8. Multilingual Pedagogies and Pre-Service Teachers: Implementing "Language as a Resource" Orientations in Teacher Education Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catalano, Theresa; Hamann, Edmund T.

    2016-01-01

    While Ruiz's (1984) influential work on language orientations has substantively influenced how we study and talk about language planning, few teacher education programs today actually embed his framework in the praxis of preparing pre-service and practicing teachers. Hence, the primary purpose of this article is to demonstrate new understandings…

  9. Mõned mõtted "suvelugemisest" ja suvelugemisest / Peeter Helme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Helme, Peeter, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    Tutvustatakse ja soovitatakse raamatuid: Aleksejev, Tiit. Palveränd : lugu Esimesest ristisõjast. Tallinn : Varrak, 2008 ; Rebane, Kristi. Minu oma. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2009 ; Kaints, Holger. Lennukivaatleja. Tallinn : Kultuurileht, 2009 ; Kehlmann, Daniel. Maailma mõõtmine. Tartu : Atlex, c2008 ; Zafón, Carlos Ruiz. Tuule vari. Tallinn : Varrak, 2008

  10. Discourse of Mr. Grage, President of the ESO Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-06-01

    Your Excellency the President of the Republic Don Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle and Mrs. Martita Larraecheade Frei, Minister Arellano, Minister Guerzoni, Ambassadors, Heads of Delegations and Council Colleagues, Prof. Rubbia, Director General, Members of Parliament, Authorities from Antofagasta and Taltal, Distinguished Guests.

  11. A Rejoinder to Commentaries on "Integrated Reporting: A Review of Developments and Their Implications for the Accounting Curriculum"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owen, Gareth

    2013-01-01

    In this rejoinder, Gareth Owen thanks both Dr. Kamp-Roelands and Dr. Correa Ruiz for their views and for putting forward many interesting and thought-provoking arguments concerning his paper (Owen, 2013). It is noted that both commentators broadly welcome the aims of this paper. They express approval of its review of the development of integrated…

  12. note: The least square nucleolus is a general nucleolus

    OpenAIRE

    Elisenda Molina; Juan Tejada

    2000-01-01

    This short note proves that the least square nucleolus (Ruiz et al. (1996)) and the lexicographical solution (Sakawa and Nishizaki (1994)) select the same imputation in each game with nonempty imputation set. As a consequence the least square nucleolus is a general nucleolus (Maschler et al. (1992)).

  13. Reference: ERELEE4 [PLACE

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ERELEE4 Tapia G, Verdugo I, Yanez M, Ahumada I, Theoduloz C, Cordero C, Poblete F, Gonzale...z E, Ruiz-Lara S. Involvement of Ethylene in Stress-Induced Expression of the TLC1.1 Retrotransposon from Lycopersicon chile

  14. La educación autónoma zapatista : un proceso de formalización del saber nosótrico /

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz Cuesta, Jorge Juan

    2011-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctor en Pedagogía, presenta Jorge Juan Ruiz Cuesta ; asesor María Isabel Belausteguigoitia Ríus. 428 páginas : ilustraciones. Doctorado en Pedagogía UNAM, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, 2011

  15. Evaluación conductual de primates parkinsónicos sometidos a terapia génica o levodopa /

    OpenAIRE

    Campos Romo, Aurelio sustentante.

    2009-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctor en Ciencias Biomédicas, presenta Aurelio Campos Romo ; asesor Juan Fernández Ruiz. 121 páginas : ilustraciones. Doctorado en Ciencias Biomédicas UNAM, Facultad de Medicina, 2009

  16. Filmimaailm / Aare Ermel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ermel, Aare, 1957-2013

    2011-01-01

    Lühisõnumeid filmimaailmast: Scorsesel valmib dokumentaalfilm George Harrisonist. Meirellesel uus mängufilm "360". Lähiminevikus lahkunuid: Gualtiero Jacopetti (4.09.1919 - 17. 08.2011), Raoul Ruiz (25.07.1941 - 19.08.2011), Ia Savvina (2.03.1938-27.08.2011)

  17. Stemcell Information: SKIP000665 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available errat N, Panopoulos AD, Ruiz S, Wilbert ML, Yu J, Kirkness EF, Izpisua Belmonte JC, Rossi DJ, Thomson JA, Eg...t J, Canto I, Giorgetti A, Israel MA, Kiskinis E, Lee JH, Loh YH, Manos PD, Monts

  18. Filmimaailm / Aare Ermel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ermel, Aare, 1957-2013

    2011-01-01

    Lühisõnumeid filmimaailmast: Scorsesel valmib dokumentaalfilm George Harrisonist. Meirellesel uus mängufilm "360". Lähiminevikus lahkunuid: Gualtiero Jacopetti (4.09.1919 - 17. 08.2011), Raoul Ruiz (25.07.1941 - 19.08.2011), Ia Savvina (2.03.1938-27.08.2011)

  19. DISEÑO ESTRUCTURAL EN EL PRIMER GÓTICO ANDALUZ (II): MAESTROS Y MEDIDAS

    OpenAIRE

    García Ortega, Antonio Jesús; Ruiz de la Rosa, José Antonio

    2010-01-01

    Resumen no disponible. García Ortega, AJ.; Ruiz De La Rosa, JA. (2010). DISEÑO ESTRUCTURAL EN EL PRIMER GÓTICO ANDALUZ (II): MAESTROS Y MEDIDAS. EGA. Revista de Expresión Gráfica Arquitectónica. 15(15). doi:10.4995/ega.2010.991. 15 15

  20. Right of residence under Article 20 TFEU of the Primary Carer of a Minor Union Citizen: Summary of an expert opinion on issues arising from the pending case of Chavez-Vilchez and others (C-133/15)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dziedzic, Lukasz; Davies, Gareth; De Lange, Janneke; Biersteker, Anouk; Navia-Rodriguez, Lorena

    2015-01-01

    This is an English language summary of an extensive Dutch expert opinion concerning a pending ECJ case of wide relevance - a follow up to Ruiz Zambrano and Dereci which explores some of the more complex and realistic scenarios which may arise. That expert opinion provides a legal analysis of the iss

  1. Mõned mõtted "suvelugemisest" ja suvelugemisest / Peeter Helme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Helme, Peeter, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    Tutvustatakse ja soovitatakse raamatuid: Aleksejev, Tiit. Palveränd : lugu Esimesest ristisõjast. Tallinn : Varrak, 2008 ; Rebane, Kristi. Minu oma. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2009 ; Kaints, Holger. Lennukivaatleja. Tallinn : Kultuurileht, 2009 ; Kehlmann, Daniel. Maailma mõõtmine. Tartu : Atlex, c2008 ; Zafón, Carlos Ruiz. Tuule vari. Tallinn : Varrak, 2008

  2. 2008. aasta menukaimad / Udo Uibo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uibo, Udo, 1956-

    2009-01-01

    2008. aasta raamatumüügi tulemustest, mulluste menukamate kirjanike nimestikust, mis põhineb USA, Suurbritannia, Prantsusmaa, Saksamaa, Itaalia, Hollandi, Hiina, Hispaania ja Rootsi igakuistel ilukirjanduslike bestsellerite edetabelitel. Esikümnesse kuuluvad: Khaled Hossein, Stieg Larsson, Ken Follett, Stephenie Meyer, Muriel Barbery, Carlos Ruiz Zafón, Anna Gavalda, John Grisham, J. K. Rowling, Henning Mankell

  3. Maailma arhitektuurifestival = World Architecture Festival / Ingrid Ruudi ; kommenteerinud Maarja Kask, Karli Luik, Ralf Lõoke, Indrek Allmann, Martin Aunin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruudi, Ingrid, 1978-

    2011-01-01

    Barcelonas 2.-4. nov. 2011 toimunud 4. Maailma arhitektuurifestivalist (WAF). Muljeid jagavad II vooru pääsenud eesti arhitektid Maarja Kask, Karli Luik ja Ralf Lõoke AB-st Salto (Põhuteater, Sõmeru keskus), Martin Aunin (Must maja Nõmmel), Indrek Allmann AB-st Pluss (poolautonoomne saun). Üldvõitja - Media-ICT Barcelonas (Cloud 9 / Enric Ruiz-Geli)

  4. Maailma arhitektuurifestival = World Architecture Festival / Ingrid Ruudi ; kommenteerinud Maarja Kask, Karli Luik, Ralf Lõoke, Indrek Allmann, Martin Aunin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruudi, Ingrid, 1978-

    2011-01-01

    Barcelonas 2.-4. nov. 2011 toimunud 4. Maailma arhitektuurifestivalist (WAF). Muljeid jagavad II vooru pääsenud eesti arhitektid Maarja Kask, Karli Luik ja Ralf Lõoke AB-st Salto (Põhuteater, Sõmeru keskus), Martin Aunin (Must maja Nõmmel), Indrek Allmann AB-st Pluss (poolautonoomne saun). Üldvõitja - Media-ICT Barcelonas (Cloud 9 / Enric Ruiz-Geli)

  5. Unmasking Stem/Progenitor Cell Properties in Differentiated Epithelial Cells Using Short-term Transplantation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-08-01

    construct was a kind gift from Dr. Frederick de Sauvage (Genentech, Inc., South San Francisco). Mice carrying a targeted disruption allele of the...Lim, D. A., Dahmane, N., Sanchez, P., Brionne, T. C., Herzberg , C. D., Gitton, Y., Carleton, A., Alvarez-Buylla, A. and Ruiz i Altaba, A. (2005). Sonic

  6. Quiste sacro de líquido cefalorraquídeo (quiste de Tarlov)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Pérez-López, J; Ruiz-Pombo, M; Solans-Laque, R

    2005-01-01

    ... cefalorraquídeo (quiste de Tarlov). Servicio de Medicina Interna. Hospital Vall d’Hebron. Barcelona. España. Cortesía de los Dres. J. Pérez-López, M. Ruiz-Pombo y R. Solans-Laque. 71.810 IMAGEN DE LA SEMANA...

  7. Kae kunstnikku! / Harry Liivrand, Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liivrand, Harry, 1961-

    2007-01-01

    Filmiajaloo kümme parimat filmi kunstnikest: Vincente Minnelli "Elujanu", Peter Webber "Tütarlaps pärlkõrvarõngaga", Andrei Tarkovski "Andrei Rubljov", Julie Taymor "Frida", James Ivory "Picasso: looja ja hävitaja", Ed Harris "Pollock", Julian Schnabel "Basquiat", Konrad Wolf "Goya ehk tunnetuse salakaval tee", Raoul Ruiz "Klimt", Oliver Hirschbiegel "Allakäik"

  8. An experimental study of credible deviations and ACDC

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Groot Ruiz, A.; Offerman, T.; Onderstal, S.

    2011-01-01

    We test the Average Credible Deviation Criterion (ACDC), a stability measure and refinement for cheap talk equilibria introduced in De Groot Ruiz, Offerman & Onderstal (2011b). ACDC has been shown to be predictive under general conditions and to organize data well in previous experiments meant to te

  9. Disease: H00503 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available hanet J Rare Dis 2:27 (2007) PMID:19876929 (description, gene) Ruiz-Perez VL, Goodship JA Ellis-van Creveld ... Dallapiccola B, Wright M, Meitinger T, Polymeropoulos MH, Goodship J Mutations in a new gene in Ellis-van C

  10. Infección por virus West Nile

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Pérez Ruiz, Mercedes; Sanbonmatsu Gámez, Sara; Ángel Jiménez Clavero, Miguel

    2011-01-01

    ... por virus West Nile Mercedes Pérez Ruiz a, *, Sara Sanbonmatsu Gámez a y Miguel Ángel Jiménez Clavero b a Servicio de Microbiología, Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves, Gr...

  11. Main: 1.00E+20 [RPSD[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available e: Halotolerance Protein Hal3; Chain: A; Synonym: Hal3; Engineered: Yes Flavoprotein A.Albert, M.Martinez-Ri...poll, A.Espinosa-Ruiz, L.Yenush, F.A.Culianez-Macia, R.Serrano A.Albert, M.Martin

  12. Intercultural Bilingual Educational Policies for Transnational Indigenous Communities: School Experiences of the Wichí-Weenhayek People on the Argentinean-Bolivian Border

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gates, Zaynab; Román, Diego X.; del Rosal, Karla

    2016-01-01

    Utilizing Ruiz's (1984, 1995) language orientation and language policy work, this ethnographic study compared two intercultural bilingual education (IBE) schools located in two Wichí-Weenhayek communities on both sides of the Argentinean-Bolivian border. We examined Wichí-Weenhayek and non-Indigenous teachers' profiles, teacher-student…

  13. Deglaciation and post-glacial environmental evolution in the Western Massif of Picos de Europa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz-Fernández, Jesús; Oliva, Marc; García, Cristina; López-Sáez, José Antonio; Gallinar, David; Geraldes, Miguel

    2014-05-01

    This study examines the process of deglaciation of the Western Massif of Picos de Europa through field work, geomorphological mapping, sedimentary records and absolute datings of 14C. This massif has several peaks over 2,400 m a.s.l. (Peña Santa de Castilla, 2,596 m; Torre Santa María, 2,486 m; Torre del Mediu, 2,467 m). It is composed mainly by Carboniferous limestones. This area has been intensively affected by karstic dissolution, Quaternary glaciers and fluvio-torrential processes (Miotke, 1968; Moreno et al, 2010; Ruiz-Fernández et al, 2009; Ruiz-Fernández, 2013). At present day, periglacial processes are active at the highest elevations (Ruiz-Fernández, 2013). We have identified four main glacial stages regarding the deglaciation of the massif: (i) maximum advance corresponding to the Last Glaciation, (ii) retreat and stabilization after the maximum advance, (iii) Late Glacial, and (iv) Little Ice Age. Sedimentological studies also contribute data to the understanding of the chronological framework of these environmental changes. The datings of the bottom sediments in two long sequences (8 and 5.4 m) provided a minimum age of 18,075 ± 425 cal BP for the maximum advance stage and 11,150 ± 900 cal BP for retreat and stabilization in the phase following the maximum advance. The ongoing analyses of these sequences at very high resolution will provide new knowledge about the environmental conditions prevailing since the deglaciation of the massif. References Miotke, F.D. (1968). Karstmorphologische studien in der glazial-überformten Höhenstufe der Picos de Europa, Nordspanien. Hannover, Selbtverlag der Geografischen Gessellschaft, 161 pp. Moreno, A., Valero, B.L., Jiménez, M., Domínguez, M.J., Mata, M.P., Navas, A., González, P., Stoll, H., Farias, P., Morellón, M., Corella, J.P. & Rico, M. (2010). The last deglaciation in the Picos de Europa National Park (Cantabrian Mountains, Northern Spain). Journal of Quaternary Science, 25 (7), 1076-1091. Ruiz

  14. Bafômetro positivo: correlatos do comportamento de beber e dirigir na cidade de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil Alcoholímetro positivo: interrelación entre la conducta de beber y conducir en la ciudad de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil Positive breathalyzer test: factors associated with drinking and driving in the city of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdir Ribeiro Campos

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available As características dos condutores que adotam o comportamento do beber e dirigir ainda não foram bem estudadas no país. O presente estudo apresenta dados da prevalência e características dos motoristas sob a influência de álcool nas nove regionais da cidade de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Foram entrevistados 1.656 condutores. Desses, 1.254 (76% aceitaram responder a um questionário estruturado e fazer o teste do bafômetro. O teste do bafômetro foi positivo para 15% dos condutores. O modelo de regressão logística prediz bafômetro positivo com chance 1,5 vez maior para os condutores com idade acima de 31 anos e 4,5 vezes maior para quem tem frequência de consumo de álcool pelo menos semanal. Além disso, condutores da regional Barreiro tem 2 vezes mais chances de apresentarem bafômetro positivo. Estudos localizados com metodologia dos postos de checagem da sobriedade podem monitorar o comportamento e características dos condutores, riscos no trânsito e direcionar políticas públicas para o beber e dirigir.Las características de los conductores que adoptan la conducta de beber y conducir todavía no han sido bien estudiadas en el país. El presente estudio muestra datos de la prevalencia y características de los conductores bajo la influencia de alcohol en las nueve carreteras regionales de la ciudad de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil. Se entrevistaron a 1.656 conductores. De ellos, 1.254 (76% aceptaron responder a un cuestionario estructurado y hacer el test del alcoholímetro. El test del alcoholímetro fue positivo para un 15% de los conductores. El modelo de regresión logística predice un alcoholímetro positivo con una probabilidad 1,5 vez mayor para los conductores de edad por encima de los 31 años y 4,5 veces mayor para quien tiene una frecuencia de consumo de alcohol por lo menos semanal. Asimismo, conductores de la regional Barreiro tienen 2 veces más probabilidad de presentar positivo en el alcohol

  15. 24 weeks of Pilates-aerobic and educative training to improve body fat mass in elderly Serbian women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rutjes AWS

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Anne WS Rutjes,1 Marcello Di Nisio2,31Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland; 2Department of Medical, Oral, and Biotechnological Sciences, University G D'Annunzio of Chieti-Pescara, Chieti, Italy; 3Department of Vascular Medicine, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, the NetherlandsWe read with interest the article by Ruiz-Montero et al, in which the authors used a before-and-after study design to examine changes in body composition (fat mass and lean body mass related to an aerobic-Pilates program in elderly Serbian women.1 The authors concluded that "a combined program of aerobic and Pilates, carried out under the supervision of an instructor, at least twice a week, produces health benefits in functionally independent women over the age of 60". This conclusion is overly optimistic and not supported by the evidence provided. View original paper by Ruiz-Montero and colleagues.

  16. Three New Exotic Plant Species of Asteraceae in Xinjiang%新疆菊科3种新的外来植物种

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜珍珠; 阎平; 任姗姗; 曹婷; 黄刚

    2014-01-01

    近几年,通过对新疆北部地区杂草的野外调查研究,在准确鉴定的基础上,发现菊科(Asteraceae)新的外来植物3种及新记录属1属,分别为一年蓬Erigeron annuus(L.)Pers.、大狼把草Bidens frondosa L.和粗毛牛膝菊Galinsoga quadriradiata Ruiz et Pav..其中,牛膝菊属Galinsoga Ruiz et Pav.为新疆菊科新记录属.在此基础上,详细描述了它们的形态特征,并初步分析了它们在我国的地理分布.

  17. Audit firm tenure and qualified opinions: New evidence from Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josep García Blandón

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The 2010 Green Paper on Audit Policy by the European Commission has explicitly questioned the sufficiency of audit rotation rules established by European Union Members to guarantee auditor independence. In addition, the Paper clearly states that more research is needed regarding the effects of long audit tenures on independence. In this article, we have replicated the research by Ruiz-Barbadillo, Gómez-Aguilar, and Biedma (2005 about the effects of audit firm tenure on independence with more updated data. However, unlike them, we have performed panel data estimations instead of pooled regression. Our approach allows for a better control of individual unobserved heterogeneity, thus reducing potential problems caused by omitted variable bias. While Ruiz-Barbadillo et al. reported an unexpected positive effect of tenure on the likelihood of audit qualifications, we do not show any significant effect of tenure on the opinion of the audit report. Our results are robust to various sensitivity analyses.

  18. A new species of Lioptilodes Zimmerman (Lepidoptera, Pterophoridae from northern Chile Uma nova espécie de Lioptilodes Zimmerman (Lepidoptera, Pterophoridae do norte do Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor A. Vargas

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Male and female adults of a new species of Lioptilodes Zimmerman (Lepidoptera, Pterophoridae are described and illustrated. Immature stages are associated with Baccharis scandens (Ruiz & Pav. Pers. (Asteraceae. The species was collected in two localities of northern Chile: near sea level in the Azapa valley, in the coastal desert of Arica Province and at 3000 m elevation in Socoroma, Parinacota Province.Os adultos macho e fêmea de uma nova espécie de Lioptilodes Zimmerman (Lepidoptera, Pterophoridae são descritos e ilustrados. Os estágios imaturos estão associados com Baccharis scandens (Ruiz & Pav. Pers. (Asteraceae. A espécie foi coletada em duas localidades do norte do Chile: vale de Azapa, perto do nível do mar, no deserto litoral da Província de Arica, e aos 3000 m de altitude em Socoroma, na Província de Parinacota.

  19. Conference on Ballast Water and Waste Water Treatment Aboard Ships and in Ports. Held in Bremerhaven, Germany on 11-13 June 2003

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-06-13

    with the effect that damage is caused by the fast propagation of by using heavy fuel oils in ships everything that is organisms having no natural...additive at concentrations up to 100 mg/l. Peraclean® Ocean is a fast -acting oxidizing biocide effective against a broad spectrum of I micro-organisms...marine microbiota typical of those in ballast water. Proceedings of Vs BWT Standards Workshop, GloBallast PCU, London, April 2001. Ruiz, G.M., Carlton

  20. Comment on "Molecular dynamics study of the threshold displacement energy in vanadium"

    OpenAIRE

    Vajda, P.

    2004-01-01

    The simulation study on Frenkel pair creation in vanadium by L.A. Zepeda-Ruiz et al. (Phys. Rev. B 67, 134114, 2003) is criticized for its lack of reference to existing experimental work and for generally inadequate treatment of literature data. Hence, the validity of the ensuing discussion of various results (e.g. the value of the minimum TDE and the Frenkel pair stability in V) is questioned.

  1. Terrorist Precursor Crimes: Issues and Options for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-05-24

    alleged Al Qaeda operatives offered the first firm indication of a link between the terrorist network and drug trafficking”- Liz Sly, “Opium Cash Fuels... Jensen were convicted for their role in a $25 million dollar weapons-for-drugs deal to provide material support for Autodefensas Unidos de Colombia...organization. Ruiz received a life sentence for his role in the drugs for weapons plot, Puerta and Jensen received 15 and 14 years respectively.40

  2. Escolios a la poesía impresa de Villamediana

    OpenAIRE

    1995-01-01

    Notas sueltas a la edición de la poesía de VilIamedia en Cátedra (Conde de Villamediana, Poesía impresa completa, ed. J. F, Ruiz Casanova, Madrid, Cátedra, 1990). Algunas sugerencias respecto a la edición, puntuación, interpretación y criterios de anotación.

  3. Effects of a cognitive-behavioral intervention program on the health of caregiversof people with autism spectrum disorder

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolás Ruiz-Robledillo; Luis Moya-Albiol

    2015-01-01

    Caregivers of people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are chronically exposed to high levels of stress.In turn, such stress is associated with high rates of negative health outcomes. However, few studies haveanalyzed the effects of psychotherapeutic interventions in improving health in this population. The mainaim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a cognitive-behavioral intervention program,based on the model proposed by Ruiz-Robledillo and Moya-Albiol (2014a). For ...

  4. Azorín y Don Juan (1922): vidas paralelas

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez-Bustamante Mourier, Ana Sofía

    1998-01-01

    Análisis de la novela "Don Juan" (1922), de José Martínez Ruiz (a) Azorín, dentro de la tradición del Tenorio arrepentido y redimido. En este caso la ejemplaridad cristiana se une a la perspectiva regeneracionista, y el tema del arrepentimiento se desarrolla a través de una estética impresionista y simbolista.

  5. Flute physics from a flutist’s perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boysen, Erika; Ruiz, Michael J.

    2017-07-01

    The basic physics of the flute is presented from the perspective of a professional flutist. The flutist can control loudness, pitch and to some extent timbre. Oscilloscope images are provided to compare changes in these three fundamental sound characteristics. Readers can view a video (Ruiz 2017 Video: The Flute http://mjtruiz.com/ped/flute/) where coauthor, flutist Erika Boysen, demonstrates the topics covered in this paper.

  6. Aluminum Alloys Reinforced by Nano-Particles Dispersion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    UNIT NUMBER N/A 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Centro de Investigacion en Materiales Avanzados, S.C. Miguel de Cervantes # 120...Principal Investigator: Dr. Roberto Martinez Sanchez Institution: Centro de Investigation en Materiales Avanzados, S.C. Address: Miguel de Cervantes... materiales . Saltillo, Coahuila 17, 18 y 19 de octubre del 2007. 4. R. Flores-Campos, D. C. Mendoza-Ruiz, M. Martinez-Martinez, Estrada Guel, M

  7. The Role of eIF4E Activity in Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-01

    Skrabanek L, Ruiz- Gutierrez M, Borden KL (2005) eIF4E promotes nuclear export of cyclin D1 mRNAs via an element in the 30UTR. J Cell Biol 169: 245–256 De...inhibitory proteins. Nature 433: 477–480 Rojo F, Najera L, Lirola J, Jimenez J, Guzman M, Sabadell MD, Baselga J, Ramon y Cajal S (2007) 4E-binding protein 1

  8. Annual 1921 : The Reasons for a Disaster

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-17

    1936-1939). 17 Porte, Pablo, “El desastre de Annual y la crisis de la Restauración en España, 1921-1923,” Tesis Doctoral, Universidad...España, 1921-1923,” Tesis Doctoral, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Facultad de Geografía e Historia, 1997. Ruiz, José María. “El Desastre de

  9. Disease: H01044 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available H01044 Dracunculiasis; Guinea worm disease Dracunculiasis, or guinea worm disease, ...tervention to reduce the incidence of guinea worm disease. Intermediate host:Arth...ropods (Water flea) ICD-10: B72 MeSH: D004320 PMID:14970098 (description, env_factor) Greenaway C Dracunculiasis (guinea...167 (description, env_factor) Ruiz-Tiben E, Hopkins DR Dracunculiasis (Guinea worm disease) eradication. Adv Parasitol 61:275-309 (2006) ...

  10. Threshold Switchable Particles (TSP) to Control Internal Hemorrhage

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    within the organelle membrane are protein transporters, like Ca2+ and H+ ATPases and Ca2+/H+ and Na+/H+ exchangers, whose sole function is to maintain a...compartments, or acidocalcisomes [23], were soon demonstrated to be ubiquitous in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms alike [22]. Ruiz et al...colleagues have 35 successfully camouflaged PLGA nanoparticles by encapsulating the NPs in erythrocyte (red blood cell, RBC) membranes [37

  11. Kaitstud magistri- ja doktoritööd 2011

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2012-01-01

    TÜ-s kaitsesid magistritööd Lauri Linask, Liisi Rünkla, Anna Mossolova, Pärt Ojamaa, Nelly Mäekivi, Rasmus Pedanik, Carlos Andres Hernandez Perez, Burhan Sayili, Aune Ainson, Arlene Tucker, Remo Gramigna, Kristin Orav, Svitlana Biedarieva, Alejandra Pineda Silva, Maximino Matus Ruiz, Cesar Octavio Moreno Zayas, Mara Cay Woods, Taras Boyko; doktoritööd Kati Lindström ja Morten Tønnessen

  12. Response of a lichen and two epiphytic vascular species as indicators of air pollution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coria, G.; Gonzalez, C.M.; Gudino, G.L.; Wannaz, E.D. [Univ. Nacional de Cordoba, Cordoba (Argentina). Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Fisicas y Naturales; Carreras, H.A.; Pignata, M.L. [Univ. Nacional de Cordoba, Cordoba (Argentina). Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Fisicas y Naturales]|[Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biologia Vegetal (IMBIV-UNC), Cordoba (Argentina)

    2002-07-01

    Plant material from Ramalina celastri (Spreng.) Krog and Swinsc., Tillandsia capillaris Ruiz and Pav. f. capillaris and Tillandsia tricholepis Baker were transplanted to eleven monitoring sites, categorized as urban, farming and farming/cattle-raising. The concentrations of pigments, hydroperoxy conjugated dienes, malondialdehyde and sulfur were determined. Chlorophyll b / chlorophyll a, phaeophytin a / chlorophyll a ratios were also calculated, and a Pollution Index (PI) and a Foliar Damage Index (FDI) were calculated from some physiological parameters. (orig.)

  13. Estudio de la distribución y diversidad ictiofaunística del mar de Alborán

    OpenAIRE

    García-Ruiz, Cristina

    2012-01-01

    Memoria de tesis doctoral presentada por Cristina García-Ruiz para optar al grado de Doctora en Biología por la Universitat de Malaga (UMA), realizada bajo la dirección del Dr. Domingo Lloris Samo del Institut de Ciències del Mar (ICM-CSIC) y del Dr. Luis Gil de Sola Simarro del Instituto Español de Oceanografía (IEO).-- 333 pages

  14. The physics of singing vibrato

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michel, Christa R.; Ruiz, Michael J.

    2017-07-01

    A spectrogram of a singer’s vibrato presents a striking way to introduce students to frequency, Fourier spectra, and modulation. Vibrato is discussed from the perspectives of the physicist and the musician. A dramatic spectrogram is included where coauthor soprano Michel suppresses her vibrato so that acoustical characteristics can be compared to the same note sung with vibrato. A video (Ruiz 2017 Video: vibrato http://mjtruiz.com/ped/vibrato/) is provided of this demonstration.

  15. Evolution of Mitochondrial and Ribosomal Gene Sequences in Anophelinae (Diptera: Culicidae): Implications for Phylogeny Reconstruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-03-01

    levels of divergence from closely related species to subfamily in mosqui- toes. © 2001 Academic Press Key Words: cyt b; ND5; 28S rDNA; evolution; phylog...larvae, pupae , and adults was proposed by Har- bach and Kitching (1998). These authors found strong evidence supporting monophyly of the subfamily...American Anopheles mosqui- toes. Am. J. Hyg. 2: 321-322. Ross, H. H. (1951). Conflict with Culex . Mosquito News 11: 128-132. Ruiz Linares, A., Hancock

  16. The disgrace of commodification and shameful convenience: a critical race critique of the NBA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Rachel Alicia

    2012-01-01

    This essay positions sport as a pedagogical social institution from which people learn about race, gender, power, and privilege. The National Basketball Association is examined closely with a critical race lens with regard to the commodification of Black masculinity. A critical race analysis reveals the sharp contradictions between the league’s progressive image as an “industry leader” of racial diversity (Lapchick, Bustamante, & Ruiz, 2007, p.1) and the actualization of league discourse, policy, and practice.

  17. CTL-Tumor Cell Interaction: The Generation of Molecular Probes of Monitoring the HLA-A*0201-HER-2/neu Peptide Complex

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-03-01

    machinery breakdown and tumor growth. Immunol Today., 21: 455-64, 2000. 34. Rosa , F., Berissi, H., Weissenbach, J., Maroteaux, L., Fellous, M., and...S6:146-154. 26. Concha A, Esteban F, Cabrera T, Ruiz-Cabello F, Garrido F. Tumor aggressiveness and MHC class I and II antigens in laryngeal and breast...in human breast tumors. Invasion Metastasis. 1992, 12:210-217. 30. Whitford P, George WD, Campbell AM. Flow cytometric analysis of tumour

  18. Statistical measure of complexity of hard-sphere gas: applications to nuclear matter

    OpenAIRE

    Moustakidis, Ch. C.; Chatzisavvas, K. Ch.; Nikolaidis, N. S.; Panos, C. P.

    2010-01-01

    We apply the statistical measure of complexity, introduced by L\\'{o}pez-Ruiz, Mancini and Calbet to a hard-sphere dilute Fermi gas whose particles interact via a repulsive hard-core potential. We employ the momentum distribution of this system to calculate the information entropy, the disequilibrium and the statistical complexity. We examine possible connections between the particle correlations and energy of the system with those information and complexity measures. The hard-sphere model ser...

  19. Eight new species of Cestrum (Solanaceae) from Mesoamerica

    OpenAIRE

    Alex Monro

    2012-01-01

    As part of the preparation of a taxonomic revision of Cestrum (Solanaceae) for Flora Mesoamericana eight hitherto undescribed species from Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica and Panama were identified. These eight new species are described and illustrated. Affinities of the species are discussed and Global Species Conservation Assessments presented. The new species are Cestrum amistadense A.K. Monro, sp. nov. (Vulnerable) which most closely resembles Cestrum longiflorum Ruiz & Pav., Cestrum co...

  20. Pathogenesis of Cell Injury by Rickettsia conorii

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-11-26

    Hotivenaiehel, M., A. Ottomani, 0. Raoult, M. Rouzaud, J.C. Manell1, and J. 3iimar. 19P84. Une forme grave de fievre boutonneuse and rlditerranpenne. Ann. Franc...Martin, V.C. Vincent, F. Sanz, A. Mateos, R. Querol, and J. Portugal. 1985. Formas graves de fiebre exantematica mediterranea. Anal isis prospectivo de...de la fiebre exantematica mediterranea. Revista Espanola de Enfermedades del Aparato Digestivo (in press). 89. Ruiz, R., A.M. Martin, F. Sanz, A

  1. Percepciones del suicidio en Chichí Suárez, Yucatán, y el discurso utilizado para reportarlo en el diario por Esto! /

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández Ruiz, Laura

    2011-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctor en Antropología, presenta Laura Hernández Ruiz ; asesor Mario Alberto Castillo Hernández, Bárbara Blaha D. Pfeiler, Mario Humberto Ruz Sosa. vii, 325 páginas : ilustraciones. Doctorado en Antropología UNAM, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, 2011

  2. Artful Resources: Adaptation and Reconstruction in Drama

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edward Friedman

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available There is an obvious relation between the imitation and adaptation of literary works. The focus of the essay is the adaptation of early Spanish modern works —including Don Quijote and plays by Cervantes, Lope de Vega, and Juan Ruiz de Alarcón— and Miguel de Unamuno’s Niebla into dramatic texts in English. Adaptation becomes a method of reading, analysis, and interpretation, as well as a form of communication among authors.

  3. Methane conversion factors from cattle manure in México

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Methane emission factors from different cattle manure management systems including simulated slurry system fermentation were experimentally determined in this and a previous study (González-Avalos and Ruiz-Suárez, 2001). Combining results from both studies, we report values for maximum CH4 yield, called B0, for manure produced by cattle under different production systems and climates, which also implies different quality of feeds and associated methane conversion factors (MCF) for distinct ma...

  4. Phytochemical screening and antioxidant activity of seven Medicinal plants species from Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    García García, Isabel Josefa

    2015-01-01

    Seven plant species, used as traditional medicine, from two regions of Ecuador have been subjected to qualitative and cuantitative phytochemistry screening in order to provide information about possible chemical compounds present in these species that will contribute to future researchs. Chuquiraga jussieui J.F. Gmel., Pseudognaphalium elegans (Kunth) Kartesz (Asteraceae), Gustavia pubescens Ruiz & Pav. ex Berg (Lecythidaceae), Aeghiphila alba Moldenke (Lamiaceae), Cleome spinosa Jacq. (Cleom...

  5. Actividad antibacteriana y caracterización química de extractos de plantas medicinales tradicionales del Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    Chávez Carvajal, Patricia Alexandra

    2014-01-01

    Ambrosia arborescens Mill, Chuquiraga jussieui J.F. Gmel, Myrcianthes hallii (Berg) McVaugh, Solanum americanum mill y tropoeolum tuberosum Ruiz & Pav, plantas que crecen en Ecuador, son utilizadas en la medicina tradicional por sus propiedades antisépticas, cicatrizantes, astringentes, balsámicas, diuréticas, antidiarreicas, entre otras. Los extractos hidro-metanólicos acidificados de dichas plantas fueron probados contra diferentes especies de microorganismos Gram positivos y Gram negativos...

  6. Láminas de concha : un caso de autonomía en la pintura novohispana de los siglos XVII y XVIII /

    OpenAIRE

    Ocaña Ruiz, Sonia Irene

    2011-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctor en Historia del Arte, presenta Sonia Irene Ocaña Ruiz ; asesor Gustavo Curiel, Elena I. Estrada de Gerlero, Patricia Díaz Cayeros, María Concepción García Sáiz, Alessandra Russo. 823 páginas : ilustraciones. Doctorado en Historia del Arte UNAM, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, 2011

  7. Urban fashion policies: lessons from the Barcelona catwalks

    OpenAIRE

    Chilese Erica; Russo Antonio Paolo

    2009-01-01

    Since at least a decade, Barcelona is on the world map of fashion: Antonio Mirò, Mango, Desigual, Agatha Ruiz de la Prada are famous Barcelona-based stylists teaming up with other large Spanish fashion firms, like Zara, and commercial outlets, like El Corte Ingles, to attract a large interest on local fashion and fashion-based events. Thus, Barcelona has become a straightforward “shopping destination” for millions of international visitors, developing a shopping-related image, various special...

  8. Tyrosine-derived Polycarbonate-silica Xerogel Nanocomposites for Controlled Drug Delivery

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-05

    biofilms [54]. In our Kirby–Bauer ZOI test we found that the rifam- picin released from the O10/N10 nanocomposite retained its anti- microbial activity...therefore merit further study for such applications as implantable drug delivery depots, wound dressings, tissue engineering scaf- folds and...scaffolds for drug delivery in dental , oral and craniofacial tissue engineering. Adv Drug Deliv Rev 2007;59:308–24. [17] Ruiz-Hitzky E, Darder M, Aranda P

  9. Overweight: atherogenesis risk marker in children between 8 and 9 years

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    Background: Many significant health problems hold the attention of pediatricians, and even when there is an increased interest on premature atherosclerosis risk factors, it is still a field to be studied. Objectives: To determine differences in the emergence of atherogenesis risk factors in children between 8 and 9 years with normal weight and overweight. Methods: Analytic research, with case control design, developed in three primary schools belonging to the Clinic “Dr. Cecilio Ruiz de Zarat...

  10. Kaitstud magistri- ja doktoritööd 2011

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2012-01-01

    TÜ-s kaitsesid magistritööd Lauri Linask, Liisi Rünkla, Anna Mossolova, Pärt Ojamaa, Nelly Mäekivi, Rasmus Pedanik, Carlos Andres Hernandez Perez, Burhan Sayili, Aune Ainson, Arlene Tucker, Remo Gramigna, Kristin Orav, Svitlana Biedarieva, Alejandra Pineda Silva, Maximino Matus Ruiz, Cesar Octavio Moreno Zayas, Mara Cay Woods, Taras Boyko; doktoritööd Kati Lindström ja Morten Tønnessen

  11. The Contribution of Personality to the Ability to Board a Lift Raft

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-11-01

    The contribution of personality to the ability to board a life raft Emily -Ana Filardo Donna I. Pickering Megan M.Thompson Defence R&D Canada...DEFENCE DÉFENSE & The contribution of personality to the ability to board a life raft Emily -Ana Filardo Donna I. Pickering Megan M. Thompson...factors of personality. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 116-123. 16. Ruiz, M. A., Pincus, A. L., & Dickinson , K. A. (2003). NEO PI

  12. The Contribution of Personality to the Ability to Board a Life Raft

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-11-01

    The contribution of personality to the ability to board a life raft Emily -Ana Filardo Donna I. Pickering Megan M.Thompson Defence R&D Canada...DEFENCE DÉFENSE & The contribution of personality to the ability to board a life raft Emily -Ana Filardo Donna I. Pickering Megan M. Thompson...factors of personality. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 116-123. 16. Ruiz, M. A., Pincus, A. L., & Dickinson , K. A. (2003). NEO PI

  13. La realidad del trabajo de los electricistas

    OpenAIRE

    ANDRÉS RUIZ, VICENTE

    2012-01-01

    La finalidad de este proyecto es investigar la satisfacción laboral y la seguridad en el trabajo de los electricistas. La investigación se hace por medio del método cualitativo, a través de entrevistas en profundidad con una muestra de ocho electricistas. Andrés Ruiz, V. (2012). La realidad del trabajo de los electricistas. http://hdl.handle.net/10251/17094. Archivo delegado

  14. Comment on ''Improved bounds on entropic uncertainty relations''

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bosyk, G. M.; Portesi, M.; Plastino, A.; Zozor, S. [Instituto de Fisica La Plata (IFLP, CONICET), and Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, C.C. 67, 1900 La Plata (Argentina); Laboratoire Grenoblois d' Image, Parole, Signal et Automatique (GIPSA-Lab, CNRS), 961 rue de la Houille Blanche, F-38402 Saint Martin d' Heres (France)

    2011-11-15

    We provide an analytical proof of the entropic uncertainty relations presented by J. I. de Vicente and J. Sanchez-Ruiz [Phys. Rev. A 77, 042110 (2008)] and also show that the replacement of Eq. (27) by Eq. (29) in that reference introduces solutions that do not take fully into account the constraints of the problem, which in turn lead to some mistakes in their treatment.

  15. Evaluación de la experiencia turística en el estado de Chihuahua : análisis del retorno, de la estadía y derrama económica del turismo /

    OpenAIRE

    Álvarez Hernández, Julián Alberto

    2011-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctor en Ciencias de la Administración, presenta Julián Alberto Álvarez Hernández ; asesor Roberto Estrada Olguín, Salvador Noriega Morales, Clemente Ruiz Durán. 153 páginas : diagramas. Doctorado en Ciencias de la Administración UNAM, Facultad de Contaduría y Administración, 2011

  16. Combined treatment of exudative age related macular degeneration with photodynamic therapy and intravitreal triamcinolone

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz-Moreno , Jose

    2008-01-01

    José Mª Ruiz-Moreno1,2, Javier A Montero21Department of Ophthalmology, Miguel Hernández University School of Medicine, Alicante, Spain; 2Vitreo-Retinal Unit, Alicante Institute of Ophthalmology, Alicante, SpainAbstract: Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) secondary to age related macular degeneration is among the leading causes of legal blindness in developed countries. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) with verteporfin induces CNV closure causing little damage to healt...

  17. Civil-Military Roles of Indigenous Armed Forces (CRIAF). Volume 1. Executive Summary. Volume 2. Main Report. Volume 3. Appendixes

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-07-01

    Ruiz, Pseudonym, Memorias de un Revolucionario en Gringolandia. Bogota, Colombia: (no date) p. 46. 3. Gil Carl Al Roy, "The Involvement of Peasants...A-V CRIAF-PO confirmation at the collective level. Its basic tenet that material goods are the prime movers of people is very questionable...to recover them from the opponent. The Civil Affairs functions, because they are mechanisms of social control, become the prime targets of the

  18. Evaluación de la experiencia turística en el estado de Chihuahua : análisis del retorno, de la estadía y derrama económica del turismo /

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctor en Ciencias de la Administración, presenta Julián Alberto Álvarez Hernández ; asesor Roberto Estrada Olguín, Salvador Noriega Morales, Clemente Ruiz Durán. 153 páginas : diagramas. Doctorado en Ciencias de la Administración UNAM, Facultad de Contaduría y Administración, 2011

  19. Decrease of the incidence of human and canine visceral leishmaniasis after dog vaccination with Leishmune in Brazilian endemic areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palatnik-de-Sousa, Clarisa B; Silva-Antunes, Ilce; Morgado, Adilson de Aguiar; Menz, Ingrid; Palatnik, Marcos; Lavor, Carlile

    2009-06-02

    Leishmune, the first prophylactic vaccine licensed against canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL), has been used in Brazil since 2004, where seropositive dogs are sacrificed in order to control human visceral leishmaniasis (VL). We demonstrate here that vaccination with Leishmune does not interfere with the serological control campaign (110,000 dogs). Only 1.3% of positivity (76 among 5860) was detected among Leishmune uninfected vaccinees. We also analyzed the possible additive effect of Leishmune vaccination over dog culling, on the decrease of the incidence of CVL and VL in two Brazilian endemic areas, from 2004 to 2006. In Araçatuba, a 25% of decline was seen in CVL with a 61% decline in human cases, indicating the additive effect of Leishmune vaccination of 5.7% of the healthy dogs (1419 dogs), on regular dog culling. In Belo Horizonte (BH), rising curves of canine and human incidence were observed in the districts of Barreiro, Venda Nova and Noroeste, while the canine and human incidence of Centro Sul, Leste, Nordeste, Norte, Pampulha and Oeste, started to decrease or maintained a stabilized plateau after Leishmune vaccination. Among the districts showing a percent decrease of human incidence (-36.5%), Centro Sul and Pampulha showed the highest dog vaccination percents (63.27% and 27.27%, respectively) and the lowest dog incidence (-3.36% and 1.89%, respectively). They were followed by Oeste, that vaccinated 25.30% of the animals and experienced an increase of only 12.86% of dog incidence and by Leste and Nordeste, with lower proportions of vaccinees (11.72% and 10.76%, respectively) and probably because of that, slightly higher canine incidences (42.77% and 35.73%). The only exception was found in Norte district where the reduced human and canine incidence were not correlated to Leishmune vaccination. Much lower proportions of dogs were vaccinated in Venda Nova (4.35%), Noroeste (10.27%) and Barreiro (0.09%) districts, which according to that exhibited very

  20. Resemblance operations and conceptual complexity in animal metaphors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aneider Iza Ervitia

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available For over thirty years cognitive linguists have devoted much effort to the study of metaphors based on the correlation of events in human experience to the detriment of the more traditional notion of resemblance metaphor, which exploits perceived similarities among objects. Grady (1999 draws attention to this problem and calls for a more serious study of the latter type of metaphor. The present paper takes up this challenge on the basis of a small corpus of ‘animal’ metaphors in English, which are essentially based on resemblance. Contrary to previous analyses by cognitive linguists (e.g. Lakoff & Turner 1989, Ruiz de Mendoza Ibáñez, 1998, who claim that such metaphors are based on a single mapping generally involving comparable behavioral attributes, I will argue that we have a more complex situation which involves different patterns of conceptual interaction. In this respect, I have identified cases of (i animal metaphors interacting with high-level (i.e. grammatical metaphors and metonymies, of (ii (situational animal metaphors whose source domains are constructed metonymically (cf. Goossens 1990; Ruiz de Mendoza Ibáñez & Díez Velasco 2002, and of (iii animal metaphors interacting with other metaphors thereby giving rise to metaphoric amalgams (cf. Ruiz de Mendoza Ibáñez & Galera Masegosa 2011.

  1. Cecilia Böhl de Faber entre los románticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arroyo Almaraz, Antonio

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Cecilia Böhl de Faber and Francisca Ruiz de Larrea were both involved in the publication of the story La madre o El combate de Trafalgar published in the illustrated magazine El Artista, a staunch defender of Romanticism. The story was written by Cecilia Böhl de Faber and sent to the magazine by Francisca Ruiz de Larrea, after she had translated it from French and slightly adapted it. This made Cecilia Böhl de Faber the only woman writer to have been published in the romantic magazine, where she advocated aesthetic principles that would later characterise her work.Cecilia Böhl de Faber y Francisca Ruiz de Larrea participan en la edición del cuento La madre o El combate de Trafalgar publicado en la revista ilustrada El Artista, de gran trascendencia en la defensa del Romanticismo. El relato fue escrito por la primera y enviado a la revista por la segunda, una vez que lo tradujo del francés modificando en parte el mismo. A partir de este hecho aparece Cecilia como la única escritora que publicó en la revista romántica defendiendo a su vez principios estéticos que veremos posteriormente en su obra.

  2. Review and reassessment of hazards owing to volcano-glacier interactions in Colombia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huggel, Christian; Ceballos, Jorge Luis; Pulgarín, Bernardo; Ramírez, Jair; Thouret, Jean-Claude

    The Cordillera Central in Colombia hosts four important glacier-clad volcanoes, namely Nevado del Ruiz, Nevado de Santa Isabel, Nevado del Tolima and Nevado del Huila. Public and scientific attention has been focused on volcano-glacier hazards in Colombia and worldwide by the 1985 Nevado del Ruiz/Armero catastrophe, the world's largest volcano-glacier disaster. Important volcanological and glaciological studies were undertaken after 1985. However, recent decades have brought strong changes in ice mass extent, volume and structure as a result of atmospheric warming. Population has grown and with it the sizes of numerouscommunities located around the volcanoes. This study reviews and reassesses the current conditions of and changes in the glaciers, the interaction processes between ice and volcanic activity and the resulting hazards. Results show a considerable hazard potential from Nevados delRuiz, Tolima and Huila. Explosive activity within environments of snow and ice as well as non-eruption-related mass movements induced by unstable slopes, or steep and fractured glaciers, can produce avalanches that are likely to be transformed into highly mobile debris flows. Such events can have severe consequences for the downstream communities. Integrated monitoring strategies are therefore essential for early detection of emerging activity that may result in hazardous volcano-ice interaction. Corresponding efforts are currently being strengthened within the framework of international programmes.

  3. Crítica de Libros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Esther Sánchez Gutiérrez

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available Psychose naissante, psychose unique? H. Grivois. Masson. París 1991. 156 pag. Ana-Esther Sánchez Los suicidios. .B. Sarró, C. de la Cruz. .Biblioteca de Psicología, Psiquiatría y Salud. Serie Salud. Emilia García Castro Unidades de Salud Mental en el Hospital General. A. Gómez Cali. 2.000. Ediciones Martínez Roca 1991. J.C. González García Paradojas en psicoanálisis. G. Mattioli. Ed. Lagos. A. Menéndez Barreiro Manual para el educador social. M. Costa, E. López. Centro de Publicaciones. Ministerios de Asuntos Sociales. Madrid, 1991. J.L. Pedreira Massa Intervención clínica y educativa del ámbito escolar. J.M. Román Sánchez, D.A.García Villamisar (Edts.. Editorial Promolibro. Valencia, 1990. Rústica, 187 pags. J. L. Pedreira Massa

  4. On the recovery of ISW fluctuations using large-scale structure tracers and CMB temperature and polarization anisotropies

    CERN Document Server

    Bonavera, L; Marcos-Caballero, A; Vielva, P

    2016-01-01

    In this work we present a method to extract the signal induced by the integrated Sachs-Wolfe (ISW) effect in the cosmic microwave background (CMB). It makes use of the Linear Covariance-Based filter introduced by Barreiro et al., and combines CMB data with any number of large-scale structure (LSS) surveys and lensing information. It also exploits CMB polarization to reduce cosmic variance. The performance of the method has been thoroughly tested with simulations taking into account the impact of non-ideal conditions such as incomplete sky coverage or the presence of noise. In particular, three galaxy surveys are simulated, whose redshift distributions peak at low ($z \\simeq 0.3$), intermediate ($z \\simeq 0.6$) and high redshift ($z \\simeq 0.9$). The contribution of each of the considered data sets as well as the effect of a mask and noise in the reconstructed ISW map is studied in detail. When combining all the considered data sets (CMB temperature and polarization, the three galaxy surveys and the lensing ma...

  5. Operation of the blast furnace gas distribution in V and M of Brazil; Operacao do sistema de distribuicao de GAF na V e M do Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soares, Lis Nunes; Silva, Ricardo Junqueira; Lana, Camila Soares; Valentim, Rodrigo Freitas; Lupp, Adilson Geraldo [V e M do BRASIL S.A., Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)

    2010-07-01

    V and M do Brasil is an integrated steel mill with the production of seamless steel pipe. The manufacture process comprises two charcoal blast furnaces which an average generation of blast furnace gas (BFG) of 120.000 Nm{sup 3}/h. Due to the presence of carbon monoxide in its composition it is considered as a fuel and used in 14 equipment of heating process in Barreiro mill. It is a considerable heating source corresponding to 60% of the total thermal energy used in these equipment where the natural gas (NG) is used to fulfill the energetic needs. The operation of the BFG distribution among the consumers happens in an instantaneous way according to the blast furnace generation and consumers demand recognizing a complexity in this process. The optimization in BFG consumption assures a reduction in the NG consumption and consequently in the emission of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. The objective of this paper is to elucidate the optimization of the byproduct consumption considering a new approach of the distribution operation of this fuel among the consumers without cost including the operational process awareness by the operation people, patterning the operation and planning. (author)

  6. Developing a methodology to predict PM10 concentrations in urban areas using generalized linear models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, J M; Teodoro, F; Cerdeira, R; Coelho, L M R; Kumar, Prashant; Carvalho, M G

    2016-09-01

    A methodology to predict PM10 concentrations in urban outdoor environments is developed based on the generalized linear models (GLMs). The methodology is based on the relationship developed between atmospheric concentrations of air pollutants (i.e. CO, NO2, NOx, VOCs, SO2) and meteorological variables (i.e. ambient temperature, relative humidity (RH) and wind speed) for a city (Barreiro) of Portugal. The model uses air pollution and meteorological data from the Portuguese monitoring air quality station networks. The developed GLM considers PM10 concentrations as a dependent variable, and both the gaseous pollutants and meteorological variables as explanatory independent variables. A logarithmic link function was considered with a Poisson probability distribution. Particular attention was given to cases with air temperatures both below and above 25°C. The best performance for modelled results against the measured data was achieved for the model with values of air temperature above 25°C compared with the model considering all ranges of air temperatures and with the model considering only temperature below 25°C. The model was also tested with similar data from another Portuguese city, Oporto, and results found to behave similarly. It is concluded that this model and the methodology could be adopted for other cities to predict PM10 concentrations when these data are not available by measurements from air quality monitoring stations or other acquisition means.

  7. New cultural writing practices, new perspectives of Textual Criticism: towards HyperEditing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrício Nunes Barreiros

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The advent of computer technology and its developments in the second half of the twentieth century was responsible for a new paradigm for the writing culture, enabling, for the first time, the existence of the text outside a physical surface. It is, therefore, a new condition of texts which has changed the cultural practices, production, circulation and appropriation of the text (Chartier, 2001. Philology is not oblivious to this new socio-cultural context and philologists have taken advantage of the potentialities that information technology and digital media provide for the editing of texts, especially of those that have been written and disseminated within the manuscript and/or printed culture. Jerome McGann (1997 used the term HyperEditing to name the editing that philologists are producing in digital media. This type of editing is a hypermedia which makes it possible to put image, sound and movement together in a same space, and other specific characteristics of computer language. In this article, I intend to discuss how textual criticism is being adapted to this paradigm shift through new editing models. This study is part of the theoretical and methodological framework developed for the pamphlets hyperediting of Eulalio Motta, www.eulaliliomotta.com.br (Barreiros, 2013.

  8. Acute schistosomiasis outbreak in the metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais: alert about the risk of unnoticed transmission increased by growing rural tourism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enk, Martin J; Amorim, Amanda; Schall, Virginia T

    2003-09-01

    The present article describes the occurrence of 17 cases of acute schistosomiasis in the metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. All individuals affected took a bath in a swimming pool of a holiday resort that was provided with water from a nearby brook. The apparently clean water and the absence of snails in the pool gave the wrong impression that there was no risk for infection. During a malacological survey at the site snails of the species Biomphalaria glabrata were found and tested positive for Schistosoma mansoni. All the patients live in the middle-class area of Barreiro, metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte and have medium grade school education. The difficulties in establishing the right diagnosis is expressed by the search for medical attention in 17 different medical facilities, the wide range of laboratory test and the inadequate treatment administration. A lack of knowledge about the disease was found in all groups studied. The booming rural tourism in endemic areas is identified as a probable risk factor for infection, especially for individuals of the non-immune middle and upper class parts of the society in urban centers. Special attention is given to a multidisciplinary approach to the complex issue of disease control and prevention.

  9. The first list of Malayalam words at the end of 15th century by a Portuguese seaman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonçalo Fernandes

    Full Text Available Abstract MS-804 from the Municipal Library of Porto, Portugal, is a unique copy of the journal of the first voyage to India under Vasco da Gama’s (ca. 1460–1524 command. It describes the voyage subsequent to the departure from the Tagus River, Portugal, on 8 July 1497 until the return up the shallows of the Grande River de Buba, Guinea, on 25 April 1499. The author of the original of this account is probably Álvaro Velho (fl. 1497/1507, born in Barreiro, but the arguments are still weak, being only achieved by deduction. The copyist is also probably John Theotonius, CRSA. The great merit of this document is the fact that the author was a direct eyewitness of all events. In the last appendix, at folio 45, it has a list of 122 useful daily words and expressions in Portuguese and their translation into Malayalam, a provincial Dravidian language spoken in Kerala State, India. It is a relevant testimony of a variety of Malayalam at the end of the 15th century, despite certain transcription mistakes and the scribe’s censorship of some vulgarisms. In this new semi-diplomatic edition, I applied rigorous transcription criteria and corrected earlier editions, adding English translations and Malayalam equivalences.

  10. Seasonal variation of Lutzomyia longipalpis in Belo Horizonte, State of Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Resende Marcelo Carvalho de

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Between October, 1997 and September, 1999 in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais a study of seasonal variation of Lutzomyia longipalpis was carried out in three distinct areas of the municipality. Sand flies were sampled at 15-day intervals in three residences, in each of which two CDC light traps were installed, one indoors and the other in the peridomicile. A total of 397 sand flies were captured in the three areas, with 65%, 30% and 1% of specimens collected in the eastern, northeast and Barreiro districts, respectively. The overall proportions of sand flies collected inside and around the houses were similar (57% vs 43% and this pattern was seen for both Lutzomyia longipalpis and Lutzomyia whitmani . The highest population levels during the two years of the study were from October to March. From October onwards, numbers increased constantly until February. A gradual fall was seen from April onwards until the lowest levels were reached in the months of June, July and August.

  11. RESIDÊNCIA DO SENHOR ANTÔNIO: HABITAÇÃO DE TAIPA E BARRO, LUGARES DE MEMÓRIA E MEMÓRIA DE LUGARES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cícero Ney Oliveira

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The notion of edified heritage best known in Brazil is represented by the big houses and others elitist buildings that goes from the colonial and imperial epoch and, in same cases, even to projects in the beginning of the twentieth century. This way, the legitimization of this notion of heritage has an important role in the process of self affirmation of the individuals, presenting as instruments of affirmation of a project of power, at the same time that it obscures and makes silence about the memory of others social groups. In this article we work with the oral history according to the Michael Pollak’s concept that gives voice to the memories of subaltern groups and makes with that the voices of subterranean memories can be heard, this way doing that the subaltern groups can be heard and having their memories preserved. The article was written using the data obtained in a rural community called Barreiro do Café, located in the municipality of São Raimundo Nonato, state of Piauí, in the Northeastern region of Brazil. These data, obtained from a research that is in the interface of Archaeology and History, demonstrate the need of widening the notion of heritage with the purpose of represent the memory of subaltern groups in the northeastern region of Brazil because they represent the regional memory that, in many times is forgotten by the authorities.

  12. Aerobic Mercury-resistant bacteria alter Mercury speciation and retention in the Tagus Estuary (Portugal).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Figueiredo, Neusa L; Canário, João; O'Driscoll, Nelson J; Duarte, Aida; Carvalho, Cristina

    2016-02-01

    Aerobic mercury-resistant bacteria were isolated from the sediments of two highly mercury-polluted areas of the Tagus Estuary (Barreiro and Cala do Norte) and one natural reserve area (Alcochete) in order to test their capacity to transform mercury. Bacterial species were identified using 16S rRNA amplification and sequencing techniques and the results indicate the prevalence of Bacillus sp. Resistance patterns to mercurial compounds were established by the determination of minimal inhibitory concentrations. Representative Hg-resistant bacteria were further tested for transformation pathways (reduction, volatilization and methylation) in cultures containing mercury chloride. Bacterial Hg-methylation was carried out by Vibrio fluvialis, Bacillus megaterium and Serratia marcescens that transformed 2-8% of total mercury into methylmercury in 48h. In addition, most of the HgR bacterial isolates showed Hg(2+)-reduction andHg(0)-volatilization resulting 6-50% mercury loss from the culture media. In summary, the results obtained under controlled laboratory conditions indicate that aerobic Hg-resistant bacteria from the Tagus Estuary significantly affect both the methylation and reduction of mercury and may have a dual face by providing a pathway for pollution dispersion while forming methylmercury, which is highly toxic for living organisms. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Acute schistosomiasis outbreak in the metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais: alert about the risk of unnoticed transmission increased by growing rural tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin J Enk

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available The present article describes the occurrence of 17 cases of acute schistosomiasis in the metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. All individuals affected took a bath in a swimming pool of a holiday resort that was provided with water from a nearby brook. The apparently clean water and the absence of snails in the pool gave the wrong impression that there was no risk for infection. During a malacological survey at the site snails of the species Biomphalaria glabrata were found and tested positive for Schistosoma mansoni. All the patients live in the middle-class area of Barreiro, metropolitan area of Belo Horizonte and have medium grade school education. The difficulties in establishing the right diagnosis is expressed by the search for medical attention in 17 different medical facilities, the wide range of laboratory test and the inadequate treatment administration. A lack of knowledge about the disease was found in all groups studied. The booming rural tourism in endemic areas is identified as a probable risk factor for infection, especially for individuals of the non-immune middle and upper class parts of the society in urban centers. Special attention is given to a multidisciplinary approach to the complex issue of disease control and prevention.

  14. Ideology and community social psychology: theoretical considerations and practical implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montenegro, Marisela

    2002-08-01

    This paper addresses the importance of the concept of ideology in community work. The implications of a Marxist approach to ideology in community practice are analyzed in terms of the concepts of problematization (P. Freire, 1979) and consciousness-raising (J. Barreiro, 1976), illustrating the point with some examples. The traditional Marxist perspective is also examined in relation to the perspectives of social constructionism (I. Ibáñez, 1996), cultural studies (A. McRobbie, 1992), post-Marxism (E. Laclau & C. Mouffe, 1985), and feminism (D. Haraway, 1991). It is argued that the concepts of hegemony and habitus (P. Bourdieu, 1985) can be useful to community social psychology theory and practice. A "situated perspective"--in which it is possible to dialogue from different "subject positions," and articulate transformation and political action--is argued. The implications of this shifting in the concept of ideology by means of theoretical developments outside social communitypsychology can help to define the external (outside) agent's position in community practice.

  15. Estudio del impacto de los fluidos volcánicos en el recurso hídrico de la cuenca del río Chinchiná

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis Evelin Erazo Chamorro

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available La corriente superficial del río Rioclaro constituye uno de los principales tributarios del río Chinchiná y nace en la zona de influencia del volcán Nevado del Ruiz en el municipio de Villamaría, departamento de Caldas (Colombia. Teniendo en cuenta que el impacto de la actividad volcánica puede generar cambios en las condiciones ambientales, la geomorfología de la región y la calidad de elementos vitales como el agua, aire y suelo, en este estudio se busca analizar la variación de parámetros físico-químicos mediante una caracterización del agua a lo largo de la subcuenca de Rioclaro, mediante campañas de monitoreo en los puntos más representativos, seleccionados por la posible influencia volcánica, facilidad de acceso y las condiciones de seguridad de la zona. Los resultados que se obtienen permiten generar una mayor comprensión sobre el posible impacto derivado de los flujos del volcán Nevado del Ruiz y la influencia de fuentes termales sobre el recurso hídrico. Los resultados obtenidos de los análisis fisicoquímicos confirman la influencia del volcán Nevado del Ruiz en las corrientes de agua de la subcuenca de Rioclaro y se evidencia una variación en los valores comunes de las concentraciones de los compuestos analizados para la mayoría de corrientes superficiales de agua dulce.

  16. How many taxa can be recognized within the complex Tillandsia capillaris (Bromeliaceae, Tillandsioideae? Analysis of the available classifications using a multivariate approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucía Castello

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Tillandsia capillaris Ruiz & Pav., which belongs to the subgenus Diaphoranthema is distributed in Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, northern and central Argentina, and Chile, and includes forms that are difficult to circumscribe, thus considered to form a complex. The entities of this complex are predominantly small-sized epiphytes, adapted to xeric environments. The most widely used classification defines 5 forms for this complex based on few morphological reproductive traits: T. capillaris Ruiz & Pav. f. capillaris, T. capillaris f. incana (Mez L.B. Sm., T. capillaris f. cordobensis (Hieron. L.B. Sm., T. capillaris f. hieronymi (Mez L.B. Sm. and T. capillaris f. virescens (Ruiz & Pav. L.B. Sm. In this study, 35 floral and vegetative characters were analyzed with a multivariate approach in order to assess and discuss different proposals for classification of the T. capillaris complex, which presents morphotypes that co-occur in central and northern Argentina. To accomplish this, data of quantitative and categorical morphological characters of flowers and leaves were collected from herbarium specimens and field collections and were analyzed with statistical multivariate techniques. The results suggest that the last classification for the complex seems more comprehensive and three taxa were delimited: T. capillaris (=T. capillaris f. incana-hieronymi, T. virescens s. str. (=T. capillaris f. cordobensis and T. virescens s. l. (=T. capillaris f. virescens. While T. capillaris and T. virescens s. str. co-occur, T. virescens s. l. is restricted to altitudes above 2000 m in Argentina. Characters previously used for taxa delimitation showed continuous variation and therefore were not useful. New diagnostic characters are proposed and a key is provided for delimiting these three taxa within the complex.

  17. RESEMBLANCE OPERATIONS AND CONCEPTUAL COMPLEXY IN ANIMAL METAPHORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aneider Iza Ervitia

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available

    For over thirty years cognitive linguists have devoted much effort to the study of metaphors based on the correlation of events in human experience to the detriment of the more traditional notion of resemblance metaphor, which exploits perceived similarities among objects. Grady (1999 draws attention to this problem and calls for a more serious study of the latter type of metaphor. The present paper takes up this challenge on the basis of a small corpus of ‘animal’ metaphors in English, which are essentially based on resemblance. Contrary to previous analyses by cognitive linguists (e.g. Lakoff & Turner 1989, Ruiz de Mendoza Ibáñez, 1998, who claim that such metaphors are based on a single mapping generally involving comparable behavioral attributes, I will argue that we have a more complex situation which involves different patterns of conceptual interaction. In this respect, I have identified cases of (i animal metaphors interacting with high-level (i.e. grammatical metaphors and metonymies, of (ii (situational animal metaphors whose source domains are constructed metonymically (cf. Goossens 1990; Ruiz de Mendoza Ibáñez & Díez Velasco 2002, and of (iii animal metaphors interacting with other metaphors thereby giving rise to metaphoric amalgams (cf. Ruiz de Mendoza Ibáñez & Galera Masegosa 2011.

  18. Nuevas tendencias en traducción e identidad cultural

    OpenAIRE

    García Landa, José Ángel

    2011-01-01

    El presente trabajo es una reseña y comentario por extenso del libro NEW TRENDS IN TRANSLATION AND CULTURAL IDENTITY, ed. Micaela Muñoz-Calvo, Carmen Buesa-Gómez, y M. Ángeles Ruiz-Moneva (Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2008). 459 p. Los treinta capítulos del libro proporcionan una introducción panorámica a muchos problemas y cuestiones relativas a la teoría y práctica de la traducción, en una amplia variedad de contextos culturales y comunicativos. Este volumen interesará especialmente a est...

  19. Neuroanatomía a través de casos clínicos

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz Torner, Amparo; Teruel Martí, Vicent; Valverde Navarro, Alfonso A.; Cervera Ferri, Ana; Martínez Ricós, Joana

    2012-01-01

    Este proyecto ha sido desarrollado en el Departamento de Anatomía y Embriología Humana de la Universitat de València por los profesores Amparo Ruiz Torner que ha ejercido la coordinación, Vicent Teruel Martí, Alfonso A. Valverde Navarro, Ana Cervera Ferri y Joana Martínez Ricós Nuestro objetivo ha sido ofrecer un contexto aplicado de la Neuroanatomía, asignatura básica que se cursa en el segundo año del Grado en Medicina, de una forma amena, entretenida y asequible para el estudiante. ...

  20. A thick-disc origin for Tycho Brahe's 1572 supernova?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuhrmann, Klaus

    2005-05-01

    The very recent suggestion for the identification of a faint G-type subgiant, dubbed `Tycho G', as the binary progenitor of Tycho Brahe's 1572 Type Ia supernova by Ruiz-Lapuente et al. is essentially based on the peculiar space velocity of the star. Here we demonstrate that the kinematics of Tycho G are likewise in keeping with the stars of the Milky Way's thick-disc population. Hence we may well be seeing an object that is only coincidentally passing in the vicinity of the supernova remnant, or Tycho Brahe and his contemporaries may indeed have witnessed the late explosion of one of the first stars in the Galaxy.

  1. Masculinidad y clase social en dos novelas de Cristián Huneeus: El rincón de los niños y Una escalera contra la pared

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisca Lange

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se reflexiona sobre dos novelas de Cristian Huneeus como una propuesta narrativa donde se problematiza la construcción del sujeto masculino chileno durante su infancia y juventud, sujeto determinado y cuestionado por su clase social, la oligarquía. Se propone una lectura centrada en el personaje central de ambos textos, Gaspar Ruiz, que sostiene el tramado narrativo que configuran ambas novelas, y que dialoga desde la genealogía familiar con la historia política chilena del siglo XX.

  2. Deconstruyendo la paz liberal en África Subsahariana

    OpenAIRE

    Molinero Gerbeau, Yoan

    2014-01-01

    El número incluye a su vez, un review-essay realizado por Yoan Molinero sobre las obras El sueño liberal en África Subsahariana. Debates y controversias sobre la construcción de la paz, editado por Itziar Ruiz-Giménez, y State and Societal Challenges in the Horn of Africa. Conflict and processes of state formation, reconfiguration and disintegration, editado por Alexandra Magnolia, ambos publicados en 2013. En este review, titulado “Deconstruyendo la paz liberal en África ...

  3. Estudos florísticos no município de Presidente Figueiredo, Amazonas, Brasil - II: famílias Myristicaceae, Siparunaceae e Monimiaceae Floristic studies in township of Presidente Figueiredo, Amazonas, Brazil - II: families Myristicaceae, Siparunaceae and Monimiaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Augusto Coelho da Silva

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available O Município de Presidente Figueiredo, do Estado do Amazonas, Brasil, foi visitado durante três anos consecutivos (1996 a 1999, com o objetivo de obter-se amostras botânicas da área para estudos do Subprojeto "Elaboração de Revisões e Monografias Taxonômicas", com a finalidade de elaborar-se a Flórula para o Município. As coleções feitas nesse período encontram-se depositadas no acervo do Herbário do INPA e as informações gerais sobre os taxa aqui estudados foram complementadas com as obtidas das coleções feitas anteriormente por outros pesquisadores. Para a família Myristicaceae Br. R. foram identificadas 23 espécies e duas variedades, distribuídas em quatro gêneros. Destes, Iryanthera Warb. e Virola Aubl. destacaram-se pela diversidade em espécies, sendo Iryanthera ulei Warb. e Virola calophylla (Spruce Warb. var. calophylla as espécies mais coletadas. A família Monimiaceae Juss. está representada apenas pelo gênero Mollinedia Ruiz & Pavón, pela espécie M. ovata Ruiz & Pavón; já a família Siparunaceae (A. DC. Schodde encontra-se representada pelo gênero Siparuna Aubl. com oito espécies, sendo S. cristata (Poepp. & Endl. A. DC. a espécie mais coletada.The Township of Presidente Figueiredo, in the State of Amazonas, Brazil, was visited for three consecutive years, from 1996 to 1999, with the aim of acquiring botanical samples from the area, in order to carry out studies on the "Taxonomic Monographies and Revisions Preparation" Subproject for the purpose of preparing a survey of the flora. Collections pertaining to the present work are deposited at INPA's herbarium and, general information on the taxa studied here were complemented with those obtained from earlier collections conducted by other researchers. Twenty three (23 species and two varieties, distributed in four genera were identified for family Myristicaceae Br. R. Of these Iryanthera Warb. and Virola Aubl. stood out on account of their species diversity

  4. Ayahuasca: uma revisão dos aspectos farmacológicos e toxicológicos

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Paula Salum Pires; Carolina Dizioli Rodrigues de Oliveira; Mauricio Yonamine

    2010-01-01

    A ayahuasca é uma bebida psicoativa originariamente utilizada em rituais de tribos indígenas da região amazônica. Esta bebida é preparada pela infusão de caules da Banisteriopsis caapi Morton, que contém β-carbolinas que são inibidoras da monoaminoxidase (MAO), e de folhas da Psychotria viridis Ruiz & Pavón, que contém o alucinógeno N,N-dimetiltriptamina (DMT). A enzima MAO degrada a DMT no fígado e intestino. No Brasil, a ayahuasca tem sido incorporada em rituais de grupos sincréticos re...

  5. Finanzas y hacienda en los territorios de la monarquía hispánica. Revista de una década historiográfica, 1988-1998.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernat Hernández

    2011-08-01

    historiadores sobre los reinados de los Austrias (Ramón Carande, Antonio Domínguez Ortiz, Felipe Ruiz Martín, Modesto Ulloa, Manuel Garzón Pareja?, ¿cuáles son, actualmente, los vacíos o las plenitudes de la investigación en historia de la hacienda española de los siglos XVI y XVII? Por supuesto, estos interrogantes necesitan un extenso razonamiento, pero nos permiten establecer nuestros puntos de partida.

  6. Ortotipografía científica en publicaciones médico-quirúrgicas: la normativa académica relativa a la prefijación

    OpenAIRE

    Aguilar Ruiz, Manuel José

    2013-01-01

    El objetivo del presente artículo es analizar el grado de cumplimiento de la normativa académica relativa a la correcta escritura de las palabras prefijadas (recogida en la nueva Ortografía de 2010) que realizan algunas publicaciones periódicas de carácter científico-técnico y, en concreto, del ámbito médico-quirúrgico. Se trata de una labor de profundización en un estudio anterior (Aguilar Ruiz 2012: 9-12). Para ello, comentamos los errores e incorrecciones más recurrentes de un corpus de pu...

  7. Divorcio a la italiana: La ruptura entre el delegado apostólico de los Estados Unidos y el delegado apostólico de México durante la segunda Cristiada

    OpenAIRE

    Yves Solis

    2008-01-01

    El artículo examina la relación entre el delegado apostólico de Estados Unidos, Amleto Cicognani, y el delegado apostólico de México, Leopoldo Ruiz y Flores, entre 1933 y 1937. Durante este tiempo se desarrolló una gran rivalidad entre los dos representantes de la Santa Sede, quienes se encontraban en Estados Unidos; la inestabilidad en el mundo católico norteamericano provocó un conflicto que llegó hasta la curia romana. El impacto político de la diferencia de postura entre los dos delegados...

  8. Flutist produces four resonances with a single bottle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz, Michael J.; Boysen, Erika

    2017-03-01

    In a dramatic physics demonstration, a professional flutist produces four resonances with a 12 ounce Boylan soda bottle solely through her breath control. The 22 cm bottle acts like a Helmholtz resonator for the lowest pitch. The three higher pitches fall near the 3rd, 5th, and 7th harmonics for a 22 cm closed pipe. A video of this remarkable feat is provided (Ruiz 2016 YouTube: Four Resonances with a 12-ounce Soda Bottle (https://youtu.be/ibtVrp2NF_k)). The video also reveals that a flutist can bend resonance pitches by as much as 10% through control of air speed.

  9. Formulación de una propuesta estratégica para la organización del adulto mayor mediante la metodología de caso: Fundación Amor y Ternura

    OpenAIRE

    Alcalá Correa, Ana Cristina; Martínez Millán, Liseth

    2010-01-01

    Tesis (Maestría en Administración con Enfasis en Gestión Estratégica). Universidad Icesi, 2010 El presente trabajo tiene como objeto de estudio, analizar el contexto del adulto mayor en el mundo actual y a su vez contextualizar en un caso la labor de la Fundación Amor y Ternura, institución sin ánimo de lucro fundada por María del Socorro Ruiz, con el fin de formular una serie de soluciones mediante herramientas de estrategia gerenciales. La información recopilada en éste trabajo se...

  10. Outras vozes da política: memória e imaginação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luiz Bica de Mélo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The text aims to present the relation between reason and sensibility through a brief path of literary and poetic reflection, trying to think about the nexus between politics and imagination. Taking the relational analysis of the poem “El sur también existe” by Mario Benedetti as a reference and inviting the reader to read poems by Octavio Paz, Martha Nélida Ruiz, Gregory Bateson and Etienne Samain, it also suggests that the social scientist should take into consideration the relations between fiction and socio-historical reality and memory as connections that aim at the web of life which we conventionally call society.

  11. Los libros: [agosto] de 1973

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boletín Cultural y Bibliográfico Banco de la República

    1973-09-01

    Full Text Available En esta sección se presenta los textos: "Notas sobre poesía colombiana" por Juan Gustabo Cobo Borda "Salas Barbadillo y la Celestina" por Francisco A. Cruz "Bomba Camara" y "El Festín" por Hugo Ruiz "El 'Rafael Núñez' o una nueva forma de escribir la historia por Mario H . Perico Ramírez" por Vicente Landínez Castro "Dos poetas colombianos"  por Policarpo Varón "Metamorfosis" por Álvaro Gómez Monedero

  12. Molecular phylogenetic analysis of Petunia Juss. (Solanaceae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulcheski, Franceli R; Muschner, Valéria C; Lorenz-Lemke, Aline P; Stehmann, João R; Bonatto, Sandro L; Salzano, Francisco M; Freitas, Loreta B

    2006-01-01

    Representatives from 11 Petunia Jussieu species in south and southeast Brazil were compared with two Calibrachoa La Llave & Lex., one Bouchetia Dunal, and two Nierembergia Ruiz & Pav. taxa in relation to DNA molecular variability. A total of 4532 base pairs related to one nuclear, five plastidial and one mitochondrial systems was investigated. Petunia and Calibrachoa, although separated among themselves, clearly differentiate from the two other genera. Despite the fact that the Petunia species do not show marked molecular differences, they can be separated in two complexes, in good agreement with altitude data. Petunia + Calibrachoa should have diverged from other clades at about 25 million years before present.

  13. Understanding the Patterns and Causes of Variability in Distribution, Habitat Use, Abundance, Survival and Reproductive Rates of Three Species of Cetacean in the Alboran Sea, Western Mediterranean

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Kilograms for each of the 11 main fishing ports of Andalucía including more than 150 fish, shellfish and cephalopods commercial species. The monthly...generate graphics on the fish catches evolution for each prey species. 0.00 100000.00 200000.00 300000.00 400000.00 500000.00 600000.00 e n e -0 0 a b r... Evolution 23 (4): 202-210. Navarro, A., Vázquez, A.. Macías, D. Bruno, M. and Ruiz, J. 2011. Understanding the patterns of biological response to

  14. System Identification for Integrated Aircraft Development and Flight Testing (l’Identification des systemes pour le developpement integre des aeronefs et les essais en vol)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-03-01

    Netherlands HOST NATION COORDINATOR Prof. Jose-Luis LOPEZ-RUIZ SENER, Ingenieria y Sistema , S.A. Parque Tecnologico de Madrid Calle Severo Ochoa s/n 28760...assure la gestion , la tragabilit6 et la p~rennit6 des mesures. Les recalages produits doivent 6tre 4. BESOINS POUR L’IDENTIFICATION compatibles avec...decomposition par essais et par axe. Ceci lui permet de 1’algorithme et gestion . des recalages, d6tecter des essais atypiques (erreurs de mesure, excursions 3

  15. Consideraciones sobre la transitividad en la Sombra del viento : efectos estilísticos

    OpenAIRE

    Calle-Rosingana, G. (Gonzalo)

    2014-01-01

    La popular novela de Carlos Ruiz Zafón La sombra del viento contiene un gran número de oraciones que responden a un mismo patrón estructural: un elemento con el rasgo semántico [–animado] aparece al inicio de la oración y funciona como primer argumento de un proceso material (representado por un verbo) que en principio tiene que vincularse con elementos que tienen el rasgo semántico [+animado]. El modelo de transitividad que propuso M. A. K. Halliday sirve de guía metodológica a este artículo...

  16. Luzes e sombras: o mistério de traduzir Zafón

    OpenAIRE

    Mendes, Inês de Oliveira

    2012-01-01

    Trabalho de projecto de mestrado, Tradução, Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Letras, 2012 O presente projecto visa a tradução de um excerto da obra Las luces de septiembre, de Carlos Ruiz Zafón, editada em 1995, e uma análise aprofundada das normas e estratégias de tradução aplicadas ao longo do processo tradutório. Tem esta tese o objectivo de obter o grau de mestre em Tradução, pela Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa, tendo o trabalho decorrido no terceiro, quarto, quinto ...

  17. Reconstruction of depositional environment of a tropical estuary and response of δ 13 Corg and TOC/TN signatures to changing environmental conditions

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Volvoikar, S.P.; Nayak, G.N.; Mazumdar, A.; Peketi, A.

    . Aloupi, M., Angelidis, M. O., 2002. The significance of coarse sediments in metal pollution studies in the coastal zone. Water Air Soil Pollution 133, 121-131. Álvarez-Iglesias, P., Rubio, B., Pérez-Arlucea, M., 2006. Reliability of subtidal sediments...Verde crater lake. Quaternary Research 67, 181-192. Ruiz-Fernández, A. C., Marrugo-Negrete, J. L., Paternina-Uribe, R., Pérez-Bernal, L. H., 2011. 210Pb-derived sedimentation rates and Corg fluxes in Soledad Lagoon (Cispatá Lagoon System, NW Caribbean Coast...

  18. La Arquitectura de Ladrillo en la Provincia de Segovia, siglos XII Y XIII

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz Hernando, José Antonio

    1988-01-01

    Desde hace mucho tiempo Antonio Ruiz Hernando tiene como ocupación primordial la de enseñar Historia del Arte en la Escuela de Arquitectura de Madrid. La dedicación y rigor que pone en esta tarea trasciende del espacio y del tiempo donde enseña y convierte su vida en un ejercicio, mezcla de conocimiento y emoción por el arte y su historia. Su ¡aborde investigación callada y seguida nos va ofreciendo con la periodicidad que en cada caso, precisa, aspectos y hechos desconocidos, que van ensambl...

  19. El ii coloquio de matemáticas

    OpenAIRE

    Boletín de, Matemáticas

    2012-01-01

    Del 3 al 29 de Julio se celebre en la ciudad de Bogotá el II Coloquio de "Matemáticas organizado por la Sociedad Colombiana de Matemáticas y el Departamento de Matemáticas y Estadística de la Universidad Nacional per intermedio de un comité constituido por los profesores Carlos Ruiz Salguero (Presidente de la Sociedad Colombiana de Matemáticas), Víctor Hugo Prieto (entonces Director del Departamento de Matemáticas y Estadística, Universidad Nacional),Carlos Lemoine, Antonio Donado y Yu Takeuc...

  20. Atracción del picudo del chile a compuestos volátiles de sus hospederos.

    OpenAIRE

    Múñiz Merino, Manolo

    2014-01-01

    El picudo del chile (Anthonomus eugenii Cano), principal plaga del chile (Capsicum spp.) en América, responde a los aromas de sus plantas hospederas, por lo que estos podrían ser de utilidad como fuentes de atrayentes. En la presente investigación se analizaron los compuestos volátiles de las yemas florales y frutos de cinco hospederos de A. eugenii: chile jalapeño (Capsicum annuum L.), pimiento morrón (C. annuum), chile manzano (C. pubescens Ruiz y Pav), chile chiltepe (C. frutescens L) y hi...

  1. [Analysis of the anesthesiology doctoral theses in Cadiz during the Six-Year Revolution].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Márquez Espinós, C; Herrera Rodríguez, F

    1989-01-01

    Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla, after the 1868 Revolution, made possible in Spain the decentralization of doctorate's studies, which traditionally were done in Madrid. It was because of that fact that the Doctor degree could be obtained at the Faculty of Medicine in Cadiz during the Sexenio Revolucionario. The intention of this work is to analyse the anaesthesiologist doctorate thesis defended at the Faculty of Medicine in Cadiz during that period. We give unpublished news about the evolution of the obstetrics anaesthesia in Spain and different opinions about the use of anaesthetics in labours at that time.

  2. X Seminario sobre Aspectos Jurídicos de la Gestión Universitaria

    OpenAIRE

    Bonachera Ledro, María Isabel; Caro Muñoz, Ana I.; Palencia Herrejón, Fernando; Garmendia Ferrer, Emiliano

    2014-01-01

    Índice: Bloque I (coordinadora: María Isabel Bonachera Ledro): - A. Evolución histórica del doctorado (Daniel Pastor Javaloyes). - B. Análisis de las principales novedades del RD 99/2011, de 28 de enero, por el que se regulan las enseñanzas oficiales de Doctorado (Araceli García Sánchez). - C. Análisis de la adaptación normativa en materia de estudios de Doctorado llevada a cabo por las universidades tras el Real Decreto 99/2011, de 28 de enero (Amaya Rosa Ruiz-Alejos). - D. La...

  3. Efeito da sacarose, cinetina, isopentenil adenina e zeatina no desenvolvimento de embriões de Heliconia rostrata in vitro.

    OpenAIRE

    Torres,Antonio Carlos; Duval,Fernanda D.; Dalva G. Ribeiro; Barros,Ana Flavia F.; Aragão, Fernando A.D.

    2005-01-01

    Embriões provenientes de frutos maturos de Heliconia rostrata Ruiz & Pavon foram excisados e inoculados em meio de cultura contendo os sais básicos MS, vitaminas e sacarose. A adição de sacarose foi essencial para o desenvolvimento dos embriões. Em meio desprovido de sacarose os embriões morreram em cultura. Concentrações de 1%, 2% e 3% (p/v) de sacarose favoreceram o desenvolvimento dos embriões. Concentrações de 6%, 9% e 12% (p/v) de sacarose inibiram o crescimento dos embriões. A adiçã...

  4. La anatomía humana : Una perspectiva que parte desde el cuerpo como unidad funcional

    OpenAIRE

    Santa Maria, Matias Agustín

    2011-01-01

    La anatomía es la ciencia encargada de estudiar las formas y las estructuras del cuerpo humano (Latarjet y Ruiz Liard, 2004). La utilización de estos conocimientos a los profesionales en educación física son los que les van a permitir, observar y analizar qué estructuras se ven comprometidas en las diversas actividades corporales educativas que estos desarrollan en su campo profesional. El poder observar y analizar el movimiento humano, con la complejidad que la misma demanda, utilizando sola...

  5. Varia

    OpenAIRE

    Alvarado, Abe Yillah Román; Campos, Minerva; Carvalho, Walter de; Cifuentes, Luis; Correa, Julián David; Diéguez, Danae C.; Garcia, Estevão; Ikeda, Marcelo; Leal, João Vitor; Machalski, Miguel; Moreno, Griselda; Mullaly, Laurence; Ospina, Luis; Rosnet, Pascaline; Saint-Dizier, Esther

    2014-01-01

    Cette revue, la seule au monde consacrée aux cinématographies latino-américaines, propose des articles publiés en VO (espagnol, portugais ou français) traduits en français ou en espagnol, selon la langue de départ, et accompagnés d’une riche iconographie en noir et blanc. Ce numéro annuel met l’accent, parmi de nombreux autres thèmes, sur Alejandro Jodorowsky, Raúl Ruiz, Walter Carvalho, Albertina Carri, ainsi que sur les jeunes réalisatrices cubaines.

  6. La ética política neozapatista. México, 1994 – 2006.

    OpenAIRE

    Bedolla Villaseñor, Pastor

    2012-01-01

    andecieron en medio de un panorama lúgubre. Durante 1994 y la mayor parte de 1995, México fue un país convulsionado por la inestabilidad política y económica, y la crisis del fin de sexenio de Carlos Salinas de Gortari (1988-1988). La incertidumbre fue motivada por acontecimientos tales como la aparición del EZLN en enero, el asesinato de Luis Donaldo Colosio Murrieta (candidato oficial a la presidencia) en marzo, la muerte de José Francisco Ruiz Massieu (Secretario General del...

  7. A two parameter ratio-product-ratio estimator using auxiliary information

    CERN Document Server

    Chami, Peter S; Thomas, Doneal

    2012-01-01

    We propose a two parameter ratio-product-ratio estimator for a finite population mean in a simple random sample without replacement following the methodology in Ray and Sahai (1980), Sahai and Ray (1980), Sahai and Sahai (1985) and Singh and Ruiz Espejo (2003). The bias and mean square error of our proposed estimator are obtained to the first degree of approximation. We derive conditions for the parameters under which the proposed estimator has smaller mean square error than the sample mean, ratio and product estimators. We carry out an application showing that the proposed estimator outperforms the traditional estimators using groundwater data taken from a geological site in the state of Florida.

  8. Lactancia materna y la relación filial en madres adolescentes que acuden al Hospital IESS Macas

    OpenAIRE

    Guaman Agualongo, Lourdes Belén

    2015-01-01

    El presente trabajo de investigación se realizó en Venezuela por el Autor: Ruiz Ernemelys J, en el año Junio 2010 quien determina la influencia de un programa educativo sobre lactancia materna en el conocimiento de las adolescentes embarazadas, que asistieron al control prenatal, IVSS “Lino Mara dey”, Ciudad Bolívar, durante el primer trimestre del año 2010. Se diseñó el presente estudio, de tipo cuasi experimental y prospectivo. Se evaluaron 30 gestantes adolescentes, a través de una encuest...

  9. El arquitecto Luis Moreno García-Mansilla

    OpenAIRE

    González Capitel, Antón

    2012-01-01

    El arquitecto Luis Moreno García‐Mansilla había nacido en Madrid, en julio de 1959, y se tituló en arquitectura en 1982. Para nuestra tristeza, ha fallecido repentinamente en Barcelona el 22 de febrero de 2012. En la Escuela fue alumno de Juan Navarro Baldeweg, de Gabriel Ruiz Cabrero, de Javier Vellés (ambos en la cátedra de Sáenz de Oíza) y de Carlos Sambricio, entre otros. Y perteneció a un grupo, o pandilla, que formábamos algunos profesores, como los ya citados y quien esto escribe, con...

  10. Family social climate and its relationship with social maturity of child 6 to 9 years

    OpenAIRE

    Cruz P., Mary; Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Perú

    2014-01-01

    In this research was analyzed the relationship between cohesion, expressiveness and conflict (Family social climate) and child’s social maturity from 6 to 9 years old. We worked with the group 146 students from 1st to 4th grade of primary education, where students were between 6 and 10 years old, who were applied the family social climate scale (FSC) by Moos.E.JTrickeet, and adapted to our reality (Ruiz y Guerra, 1993) and social maturity scale proposed by Vineland (1925) adapted by Morales (...

  11. Molecular Genetic Analysis of Parasite Survival in P. falciparum Malaria

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-02-08

    Plasmodium knowlesi puCiS CS gene (Ruiz i Altaba et al., 1987) (Figure 7). To determine whether this sequence element interacts with Fig. 6. a-amanitin...and Pwbarlse Quakyi,1. and Nussenzweig,Rt S. (1984) Science, 225. 628-629. To minimize recombinationt and delection events plasmid DNA was Goman.M...Parasitol., 5. 391-400. P.faldiparnu (strain A2), a pUC9 plasmid cDNA (Kochan et al., 1986) GreenE.D. and Olson,M.V. (1990) Proc. Nail. Acad. Sci

  12. Relaci??n entre la insafisfacci??n con la imagen corporal, autoestima, autoconcepto f??sico y la composici??n corporal en el alumnado de segundo ciclo de Educaci??n Secundaria de la ciudad de Alicante

    OpenAIRE

    Est??vez D??az, Manuel

    2012-01-01

    Hoy en d??a se considera probado que la actividad f??sica y la pr??ctica deportiva guardan relaci??n directa con el autoconcepto y que dicha relaci??n es bidireccional (Balaguer & Garc??a Merita, 1994; Go??i & Zulaika, 2000; Go??i, Ruiz de Az??a & Rodr??guez, 2004). Pero esta afirmaci??n tiene que ser matizada ya que tambi??n se sabe, por ejemplo, que no derivan sin m??s efectos beneficiosos de toda actividad f??sica, que se han encontrado asociaciones entre la insatisfacci??n corporal y el e...

  13. Cambios en las propiedades electrónicas y magnéticas de materiales a base de carbono: nanotubos y grafeno

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz Tobon, Carlos Mario

    2015-01-01

    Fil: Ruiz Tobon, Carlos Mario. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Facultad de Bioquímica y Ciencias Biológicas; Argentina. Los materiales a base de carbono como el grafeno y los nanotubos de carbono han despertado gran interés en la comunidad científica y tecnológica por su características físicas y químicas únicas, p.e. conductividad eléctrica y térmica extremadamente alta, resistencia mecánica superior a la mayoría de los materiales conocidos, reactividad química, o simplemente como base ...

  14. A vueltas con Petrarca y La Celestina : el mundo como campo de batalla entre «conscripta remedia» y «laberinto de errores»

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Desde Deyermond («The name of Petrarca is almost the first thing to catch the eye when one opens La Celestina») hasta Ruiz Arzalluz («la lectura que más frecuentemente asoma en el texto de La Celestina […] es la obra latina de Petrarca»), el tema de las relaciones entre la tragicomedia española y la obra latina del aretino ocupa un lugar central en los estudios sobre la obra maestra de Rojas. En el marco representado por esta tradición de estudios, que se remonta a la incompleta La Celestina ...

  15. A new cecidogenous species of Eugnosta Hübner (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) associated with Baccharis salicifolia (Asteraceae) in the northern Chilean Atacama Desert: Life-history description and phylogenetic inferences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vargas, Héctor A; Pollo, Pietro; Basilio, Daniel S; Gonçalves, Gislene L; Moreira, Gilson R P

    2015-02-20

    Eugnosta Hübner, 1825 (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae, Tortricinae, Cochylini, Cochylina) is reported for the first time in Chile. Male and female adults, the pupa, the last-instar larva, and galls of Eugnosta azapaensis Vargas & Moreira, sp. n., are described and illustrated from the Azapa Valley in the northern Atacama Desert. The larvae induce fusiform galls on shoots of the shrub Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. (Asteraceae). An assessment of phylogenetic relationships of E. azapaensis with two congeneric species based on mitochondrial DNA is provided.

  16. Morfologia polínica de espécies do gênero Merremia Dennst. (Convolvulaceae) ocorrentes no Estado da Bahia, Brasil Morphology pollen of species genus Merremia Dennst. (Convolvulaceae) ocurring in Bahia State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Kelly Regina Batista Leite; Rosângela Simão-Bianchini; Francisco de Assis Ribeiro dos Santos

    2005-01-01

    O gênero Merremia (Convolvulaceae) teve as espécies nativas na Bahia inventariadas e estudadas sob o ponto de vista palinológico. Foram registrados nove táxons do gênero: M. aegyptia (L.) Urb., M. cissoides (Lam.) Hallier f., M. digitata (Spreng.) Hall. f. var. digitata, M. digitata var. ericoides (Meissn.) Austin & Staples, M. dissecta (Jacq.) Hall. f. var. edentata (Meisn.) O'Donell, M. flagellaris (Choisy) O'Donell, M. macrocalyx (Ruiz et Pav.) O'Donell, M. tomentosa (Choisy) Hall. f. e M....

  17. Morfologia polínica de espécies do gênero Merremia Dennst. (Convolvulaceae) ocorrentes no Estado da Bahia, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Leite, Kelly Regina Batista; Simão-Bianchini,Rosângela; Santos,Francisco de Assis Ribeiro dos

    2005-01-01

    O gênero Merremia (Convolvulaceae) teve as espécies nativas na Bahia inventariadas e estudadas sob o ponto de vista palinológico. Foram registrados nove táxons do gênero: M. aegyptia (L.) Urb., M. cissoides (Lam.) Hallier f., M. digitata (Spreng.) Hall. f. var. digitata, M. digitata var. ericoides (Meissn.) Austin & Staples, M. dissecta (Jacq.) Hall. f. var. edentata (Meisn.) O'Donell, M. flagellaris (Choisy) O'Donell, M. macrocalyx (Ruiz et Pav.) O'Donell, M. tomentosa (Choisy) Hall. f. ...

  18. Handbook of sensor networks compact wireless and wired sensing systems

    CERN Document Server

    Ilyas, Mohammad

    2004-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Opportunities and Challenges in Wireless Sensor Networks, M. Haenggi, Next Generation Technologies to Enable Sensor Networks, J. I.  Goodman, A. I. Reuther, and D. R. Martinez Sensor Networks Management, L. B. Ruiz, J. M. Nogueira, and A. A. F. Loureiro Models for Programmability in Sensor Networks, A. Boulis Miniaturizing Sensor Networks with MEMS, Brett Warneke A Taxonomy of Routing Techniques in Wireless Sensor Networks, J. N. Al-Karaki and A. E. Kamal Artificial Perceptual Systems, A. Loutfi, M. Lindquist, and P. Wide APPLICATIONS Sensor Network Architecture and Appl

  19. Un estudio del juego de bolos en Boiro: aspectos históricos, estado actual de práctica y perspectivas de futuro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Eugenio Rodríguez Fernández

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available En este estudio de investigación se recogen las particularidades de la práctica del juego de bolos en el Ayuntamiento de Boiro (A Coruña, único municipio de la provincia donde en la actualidad se mantiene vivo este juego popular y tradicional, un deporte antiquísimo, muy extendido en todas las culturas (Ruiz, 2000 y uno de los más practicados en todo el mundo en sus diferentes modalidades y variantes.

  20. U.S. Navy Interoperability with its High-End Allies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-10-01

    7 Frederic Ruiz-Ramon, “Is There an Interoperability Gap,” Seguridad y Communicaciones, Volume 11 (May...C4I conference. ("fear of the Internet ").39 This could lead to a gap on the disclosure issue, espe- cially as the U.S. moves closer to IT-21. If...disclosure have kept the French from moving quickly into the internet and e-mail. This seems ironic, given France’s desire to play a major role in C4I

  1. Twenty-four tuba harmonics using a single pipe length

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmes, Bud; Ruiz, Michael J.

    2017-03-01

    Harmonics arise naturally from the resonances in strings and pipes. A video demonstration (Ruiz 2016 YouTube: Tuba Harmonics (https://youtu.be/souhEzOP9c4)) is provided where a tubist (coauthor Holmes) produces a phenomenal 24 harmonics using a single tuba pipe length by controlling the buzz of his lips. The frequencies of the harmonics, measured with the free software program Audacity, fall excellently on a linear fit using a spreadsheet. The skillful musical production of so many harmonics with a fixed pipe length is an extraordinary illustration of physics.

  2. Características del flujo de lodo ocurrido el 13 de noviembre de 1985 en el valle de armero (tolima, colombia): historia y comentarios de los flujos de 1595 y 1845

    OpenAIRE

    Mojica, Jairo; Colmenares, Fabio; Villarroel, Carlos; Macía, Carlos; Moreno, Manuel

    2012-01-01

    El 13 de noviembre de 1985 ocurrió una reactivación importante del Volcán Nevado del Ruiz (situado a 5.200 m s.n.m., en la mitad septentrional de la Cordillera Central Colombiana), que dio lugar a varias erupciones acompañadas de numerosos sismos- que arrojaron a la atmosfera grandes cantidades de material solido (piroclastos) y de gases; los últimos fueron expulsados a través del cráter principal (Cráter Arenas) y de nuevos focos fumarólicos con arreglo concéntrico alrededor de él. La accio...

  3. Medidas para el fomento del derecho de las mujeres a una vida libre de violencias basadas en género (V.B.G) a partir de las causas del feminicidio del 2013 en la Comuna 10 de Cali

    OpenAIRE

    Jordán Camacho, Óscar Eduardo; Ortiz Ramírez, Juan Pablo

    2016-01-01

    El estudio sobre las medidas para el fomento del derecho de las mujeres a una vida libre de violencias basadas en género (V.B.G) a partir de las causas del feminicidio en la comuna 10 de Cali no ha sido objeto de investigaciones. No obstante, se han realizado estudios sobre el tema de la violencia contra la mujer, entre los cuales se destacan los siguientes: Ruiz (2000), “La violencia contra la mujer en la sociedad actual: análisis y propuestas de prevención”, en este estudio se reflexiona...

  4. JPRS Report, West Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Iruin, Xabier Amu- riza, Alvaro Reizabal, Juan Mari Olano, Rafa Diez and Tasio Erquicia, while on the other side, there are Inaki Ruiz de Pinedo...all symbolism—by a member of the ETA who is in prison in Herrera, and who in his day was a candidate for the post of lendakari^ Juan Carlos Yoldi...just choose the Atr. The Caac also has a current contract with Alfa Romeo Avio, a member of the Aeritalia group, for the overhaul of the Boeing 737

  5. Statistical measure of complexity of hard-sphere gas: applications to nuclear matter

    CERN Document Server

    Moustakidis, Ch C; Nikolaidis, N S; Panos, C P

    2010-01-01

    We apply the statistical measure of complexity, introduced by L\\'{o}pez-Ruiz, Mancini and Calbet to a hard-sphere dilute Fermi gas whose particles interact via a repulsive hard-core potential. We employ the momentum distribution of this system to calculate the information entropy, the disequilibrium and the statistical complexity. We examine possible connections between the particle correlations and energy of the system with those information and complexity measures. The hard-sphere model serves as a test bed for concepts about complexity.

  6. Taxonomic synopsis and analytical key for the genera of Solanaceae from Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Sinopse taxonômica e chave ilustrada dos gêneros de Solanaceae ocorrentes no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edson Luís de Carvalho Soares

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This work consists of a taxonomic synopsis of the genera of Solanaceae in Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. Solanaceae is represented by 28 genera in this state: Acnistus Schott, Athenaea Sendtn., Aureliana Sendtn., Bouchetia Dunal, Browalia L., Brugmansia Pers., Brunfelsia L., Calibrachoa La Llave & Lex., Capsicum L., Cestrum L., Datura L., Dyssochroma Miers, Grabowskia Schltdl., Jaborosa Juss., Lycianthes (Dunal Hassl., Melananthus Walp., Nicandra Adans., Nicotiana L., Nierembergia Ruiz & Pav., Petunia Juss., Physalis L., Salpichroa Miers, Schwenckia L., Sessea Ruiz & Pav., Solandra Sw., Solanum L. (including Cyphomandra Sendtn. and Lycopersicon Mill., Streptosolen Miers and Vassobia Rusby. Of these, 23 consist of native species , while five are represented exclusively by introduced species. The total number of species is 149, of which 118 are native and 31 are introduced (adventitious or cultivated. An identification key for genera, and also comments on the most relevant taxonomic characters of each one are presented, plus comments on the species that occur in Rio Grande do Sul state.Este trabalho consiste em uma sinopse taxonômica dos gêneros de Solanaceae no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Constatou-se a ocorrência de 28 gêneros: Acnistus Schott, Athenaea Sendtn., Aureliana Sendtn., Bouchetia Dunal, Browalia L., Brugmansia Pers., Brunfelsia L., Calibrachoa La Llave & Lex., Capsicum L., Cestrum L., Datura L., Dyssochroma Miers, Grabowskia Schltdl., Jaborosa Juss., Lycianthes (Dunal Hassl., Melananthus Walp., Nicandra Adans., Nicotiana L., Nierembergia Ruiz & Pav., Petunia Juss., Physalis L., Salpichroa Miers, Schwenckia L., Sessea Ruiz & Pav., Solandra Sw., Solanum L. (incluindo Cyphomandra Sendtn. e Lycopersicon Mill., Streptosolen Miers e Vassobia Rusby. Destes, 23 apresentam espécies nativas, enquanto cinco estão representados exclusivamente por espécies introduzidas. O número total de espécies é de 149, sendo que 118 s

  7. Preparación de catalizadores para la reacción de desplazamiento de gas de agua a alta temperatura a partir de sulfatos metálicos

    OpenAIRE

    Ayuela Díaz del Río, Francisco Javier

    2011-01-01

    Proyecto Fin de Carrera leído en la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos en el curso académico 2010/2011. Directores del Proyecto: Carmen Martos Sánchez y Aida Ruiz Navarro El presente trabajo está encuadrado en una de las líneas de investigación del Grupo de Ingeniería Química y Ambiental de la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos (GIQA). En concreto se trata de un proyecto de investigación sobre el desarrollo de catalizadores y membranas para la obtención de hidrógeno a partir de bioalcoholes, dentro del ...

  8. A Case of Expert-Novice Conversational Reflection During an Initial Education Practicum on the CLIL Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Escobar Urmeneta, Cristina; Evnitskaya, Natalia; Horrillo Godino, Zoraida

    2009-01-01

    III Colloquium on Semi-Immersion in Catalonia III Encuentro sobre Semi-Inmersión en Cataluña In nearly all pre-service teacher education programmes, the most common model of professionalization consists in providing student-teachers with opportunities to apply knowledge gained in a theoretical phase in a systematic, structured and supervised way (Molina Ruiz 2008) during the practicum period, in accordance with the principles of Technical Rationality (Schön 1983). Schön identifies gaps ...

  9. Factores motores y cognición

    OpenAIRE

    Mora Mérida, Juan Antonio

    1997-01-01

    La meta de este trabajo es conectar los dos diferentes factores, motricidad y cognición, tal como ya fueron tratados en otras investigaciones como la realizada por Ruiz Pérez (1992), encontrando cinco hipótesis diferentes a la hora de abordar la relación entre ambos temas. El modo teórico más habitual de poner en conexión inteligencia y desarrollo sensomotor, viene representado por las posiciones de J. Piaget (1896-1980) quien bajo el concepto de “conocimiento” nos agrupa las relaciones entre...

  10. Faster Simulation Methods for the Non-Stationary Random Vibrations of Non-Linear MDOF Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Askar, A.; Köylüoglu, H. U.; Nielsen, Søren R. K.;

    In this paper semi-analytical forward-difference Monte Carlo simulation procedures are proposed for the determination of the lower order statistics and the Joint Probability Density Function (JPDF) of the stochastic response of geometrically nonlinear multi-degree-of-freedom structural systems....... Such a treatment offers higher rates of convergence, faster speed and higher accuracy. These procedures are compared to the direct Monte Carlo simulation procedure, which uses a fourth order Runge-Kutta scheme with the white noise process approximated by a broad band Ruiz-Penzien broken line process...

  11. Neuroanatomía a través de casos clínicos

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz Torner, Amparo; Teruel Martí, Vicent; Valverde Navarro, Alfonso A.; Cervera Ferri, Ana; Martínez Ricós, Joana

    2012-01-01

    Este proyecto ha sido desarrollado en el Departamento de Anatomía y Embriología Humana de la Universitat de València por los profesores Amparo Ruiz Torner que ha ejercido la coordinación, Vicent Teruel Martí, Alfonso A. Valverde Navarro, Ana Cervera Ferri y Joana Martínez Ricós Nuestro objetivo ha sido ofrecer un contexto aplicado de la Neuroanatomía, asignatura básica que se cursa en el segundo año del Grado en Medicina, de una forma amena, entretenida y asequible para el estudiante. ...

  12. La ética política neozapatista. México, 1994 – 2006.

    OpenAIRE

    Bedolla Villaseñor, Pastor

    2012-01-01

    andecieron en medio de un panorama lúgubre. Durante 1994 y la mayor parte de 1995, México fue un país convulsionado por la inestabilidad política y económica, y la crisis del fin de sexenio de Carlos Salinas de Gortari (1988-1988). La incertidumbre fue motivada por acontecimientos tales como la aparición del EZLN en enero, el asesinato de Luis Donaldo Colosio Murrieta (candidato oficial a la presidencia) en marzo, la muerte de José Francisco Ruiz Massieu (Secretario General del...

  13. Undertreatment of human immunodeficiency virus in psychiatric inpatients: a cross-sectional study of seroprevalence and associated factors

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Miguel Angel Gonzalez-Torres,1,2 Miguel Angel Salazar,3 Manuel Imaz,4 Lucía Inchausti,1,2 Berta Ibañez,5 Aranzazu Fernandez-Rivas,1,2 Javier Pastor,3 Bosco Anguiano,3 Pedro Muñoz,3 Eduardo Ruiz,1,2 Rodrigo Oraa,3 Sonia Bustamante,1,2 Sofia Alvarez de Eulate,2 Ramón Cisterna4,61Department of Neuroscience, University of the Basque Country, 2Psychiatry Service, Basurto University Hospital, Bilbao, 3Mental Health Network of Biscay, Basque Health Service...

  14. Crítica de Libros.

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Medrano; Federico Menéndez Osorio; Pedro A Marina González; Rubén de Pedro Ullate; Sofía Álvarez de Eulate; Fernando Colina Pérez

    2010-01-01

    Cándido Polo. Sangre azul. Vida y delirio de Margarita Ruiz de Lihory (Fernando Colina).Brian V. Martindale, Anthony Bateman, Michael Crowe, Frank Marginson. Las psicosis: Los tratamientos psicológicos y su eficacia. (Sofía Álvarez de Eulate). Mark Hardcastle, David Kennard, Sheila Grandison, Leonard Fagin. Experiencias en la Atención Psiquiátrica Hospitalaria. (Rubén de Pedro).Manuel Castells. Comunicación y poder. (Pedro Marina González).Steven Rose. Tu cerebro mañana. Como será la mente de...

  15. 你好!古巴

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    洛杉矶通过卡洛斯·加拉瑞口(Carlos Garaicoa)对南美洲增长了见识.这是一次对古巴艺术家在当代艺术太平洋设计中心博物馆作品的调查。博物馆馆长阿尔玛·如兹(Alma Ruiz)选择了13幅加拉瑞口(Garaicoa)的作品.这些作品通过建筑风格模型、制图和照片探询古巴人的生活。

  16. La Arquitectura de Ladrillo en la Provincia de Segovia, siglos XII Y XIII

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz Hernando, José Antonio

    1988-01-01

    Desde hace mucho tiempo Antonio Ruiz Hernando tiene como ocupación primordial la de enseñar Historia del Arte en la Escuela de Arquitectura de Madrid. La dedicación y rigor que pone en esta tarea trasciende del espacio y del tiempo donde enseña y convierte su vida en un ejercicio, mezcla de conocimiento y emoción por el arte y su historia. Su ¡aborde investigación callada y seguida nos va ofreciendo con la periodicidad que en cada caso, precisa, aspectos y hechos desconocidos, que van ensambl...

  17. A quantitative approach to weighted Carleson condition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rivera-Ríos Israel P.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Quantitative versions of weighted estimates obtained by F. Ruiz and J.L. Torrea [30, 31] for the operator are obtained. As a consequence, some sufficient conditions for the boundedness of Min the two weight setting in the spirit of the results obtained by C. Pérez and E. Rela [26] and very recently by M. Lacey and S. Spencer [17] for the Hardy-Littlewood maximal operator are derived. As a byproduct some new quantitative estimates for the Poisson integral are obtained.

  18. El ii coloquio de matemáticas

    OpenAIRE

    Boletín de, Matemáticas

    2012-01-01

    Del 3 al 29 de Julio se celebre en la ciudad de Bogotá el II Coloquio de "Matemáticas organizado por la Sociedad Colombiana de Matemáticas y el Departamento de Matemáticas y Estadística de la Universidad Nacional per intermedio de un comité constituido por los profesores Carlos Ruiz Salguero (Presidente de la Sociedad Colombiana de Matemáticas), Víctor Hugo Prieto (entonces Director del Departamento de Matemáticas y Estadística, Universidad Nacional),Carlos Lemoine, Antonio Donado y Yu Takeuc...

  19. Dissipative structures in an optomechanical cavity model with a microstructured oscillating end mirror

    CERN Document Server

    Ruiz-Rivas, J; Roldán, Eugenio; de Valcárcel, Germán J

    2016-01-01

    We theoretically consider the possibility of generating nonlinear transverse patterns in an optomechanical system in which the mechanical element is a microstructured oscillating end-mirrror consisting in an array of weakly-coupled micromirrors. While in the limit of large number of micro-mirrors we naturally recover the continuous model that we recently studied in [Ruiz-Rivas et al., Phys. Rev. A 93, 033850 (2015)], we pay special numerical attention to the opposite limit, showing that the structures predicted with the continuous model can be observed for a number of micro-mirrors as low as ten or less. This opens new venues for experimental approaches to the subject.

  20. Real Academia Médica matritense y expediciones botánicas ilustradas. Una conexión farmaco-terapéutica

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Nozal, Raúl; González Bueno, Antonio

    1995-01-01

    Con este trabajo se pretende realizar un estudio de la repercusión que tuvieron las expediciones botánicas ilustradas en las discusiones de carácter farmacológico suscitadas en el seno de la Real Academia de Medicina de Madrid. Las aportaciones al conocimiento de la naturaleza vegetal americana, desde el punto de vista fármaceterapéutico, vinieron, principalmente, de la mano de los integrantes de la "Oficina de la Flora Americana", José Pavón y, sobre todo, Hipólito Ruiz. Las contribuciones a...

  1. LA COMPETENCIA ESTRATÉGICA DEL DOCENTE ANTE LA VIOLENCIA ESCOLAR EN PAÍSES EN VÍAS DE DESARROLLO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magalys Ruiz Iglesias

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza la competencia estratégica del docente ante la violencia escolar en los países en vías de desarrollo. Forma parte de las Actas del «X Congreso de Formación del Profesorado: la formación del profesorado ante el fenómeno de la violencia y convivencia escolar», celebrado en Cuenca en junio de 2002. Recoge la ponencia presentada en el mismo por la profesora cubana Magalys Ruiz Iglesias.

  2. The Application of the Minimum Food Security Quota (MFS-Quota): Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz Estrada, Mario Arturo

    2013-01-01

    This paper proposes the uses of the Minimum Food Security Quota (MFS-Quota) by Ruiz Estrada (2010). Consequently, the MFS-Quota was applied on the case of Malaysia. The main objective of the MFS-Quota is to calculate the approximate amount of annual food storage that any country needs to prepare for a potential natural disaster or social conflict. Moreover, any country is able to build its own MFS-Quota according to their agriculture production system(s) and its food national policy focus res...

  3. Como debe ser : La traducción al sueco del verbo deber en una novela contemporáne

    OpenAIRE

    Sveréus, Camilla

    2013-01-01

    Esta tesina trata las varias maneras de traducir el verbo modal deber (de) al sueco en la novela La Sombra del Viento de Carlos Ruiz Zafón. Compara los resultados con la descripción de los verbos modales suecos en Svenska Akademiens Grammatik. La investigación revela que el uso de los verbos en la traducción en cuestión generalmente corresponde a la descripción de SAG, pero hay excepciones. Las muchas ocurrencias de måste deóntico señala que el sentido de necesidad que expresa no es tan fuert...

  4. Luzes e sombras: o mistério de traduzir Zafón

    OpenAIRE

    Mendes, Inês de Oliveira

    2012-01-01

    Trabalho de projecto de mestrado, Tradução, Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Letras, 2012 O presente projecto visa a tradução de um excerto da obra Las luces de septiembre, de Carlos Ruiz Zafón, editada em 1995, e uma análise aprofundada das normas e estratégias de tradução aplicadas ao longo do processo tradutório. Tem esta tese o objectivo de obter o grau de mestre em Tradução, pela Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa, tendo o trabalho decorrido no terceiro, quarto, quinto ...

  5. Consideraciones sobre la transitividad en la Sombra del viento : efectos estilísticos

    OpenAIRE

    Calle-Rosingana, G. (Gonzalo)

    2014-01-01

    La popular novela de Carlos Ruiz Zafón La sombra del viento contiene un gran número de oraciones que responden a un mismo patrón estructural: un elemento con el rasgo semántico [–animado] aparece al inicio de la oración y funciona como primer argumento de un proceso material (representado por un verbo) que en principio tiene que vincularse con elementos que tienen el rasgo semántico [+animado]. El modelo de transitividad que propuso M. A. K. Halliday sirve de guía metodológica a este artículo...

  6. Escritos sobre cine español : tradición y géneros populares [Ressenya

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Resenya del llibre de Pablo Pérez Rubio, Javier Hernández Ruiz, “Escritos sobre cine español : tradición y géneros populares”, Institución Fernando el Católico (Colección de letras), Zaragoza, 2011, 254 p. Review of Pablo Pérez Rubio, Javier Hernández Ruiz’s book, “Escritos sobre cine español : tradición y géneros populares”, Institución Fernando el Católico (Colección de letras), Zaragoza, 2011, 254 p.

  7. [Serology of typhoid fever in children. I. Capillary flocculation- agglutination. Its specificity in an asymptomatic population and its utility at a pediatric emergency service].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarado-Alemán, F; González-Quijano, M; Díaz-Licón, A; Salinas-Aranda, E; Cano-Morales, S; Isibasi, A; Kumate, J

    1989-01-01

    Using a capillary flocculation technique we evaluated serum samples of asymptomatic children for typhoid fever serology. Thirty one (5.16%) of the 600 serum samples tested were positive for a specificity of 95%. To evaluate the sensitivity of the test, serum samples from 36 children with proven typhoid fever and a similar number of control patients were evaluated. The sensitivity of the capillary flocculation test in this group was 100%. The test compared favorably with the Ruiz Castañeda serologic test for typhoid fever.

  8. La anatomía humana : Una perspectiva que parte desde el cuerpo como unidad funcional

    OpenAIRE

    Santa Maria, Matias Agustín

    2011-01-01

    La anatomía es la ciencia encargada de estudiar las formas y las estructuras del cuerpo humano (Latarjet y Ruiz Liard, 2004). La utilización de estos conocimientos a los profesionales en educación física son los que les van a permitir, observar y analizar qué estructuras se ven comprometidas en las diversas actividades corporales educativas que estos desarrollan en su campo profesional. El poder observar y analizar el movimiento humano, con la complejidad que la misma demanda, utilizando sola...

  9. El ecosistema digital: Modelos de comunicación, nuevos medios y público en Internet

    OpenAIRE

    López García,Guillermo

    2005-01-01

    ÍNDICE Introducción: medios y usuarios de la comunicación digital 9 Guillermo López García I. MODELOS Comunicación interpersonal y comunicación de masas en Internet. Emisor y receptor en el entorno virtual 21 Germán Llorca Abad Propuesta metodológica para el estudio de las formas de comunicación en Internet 31 Jaime Alonso Ruiz Modelos de medios de comunicación en Internet: desarrollo de una tipología 55 Guillermo López García II. NUEVOS MEDIOS Qué so...

  10. Estudio de la morfometría cerebral mediante mapas de fracción anisotrópica obtenidos con Imagenología por Resonancia Magnética en pacientes amputados de un miembro pélvico /

    OpenAIRE

    Alcauter Solorzano, Sarael sustentante.

    2012-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctorado en Ciencias Biomédicas presenta Sarael Alcauter Solórzano ; Tutor Dr. Fernando A. Barrios Álvarez, Dr. Jorge A. Larriva Sahd, Dr. Juan Fernández Ruiz89 páginas: ilustraciones, fotografíaDoctorado en Ciencias Biomédicas Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México 2012 Programa de Posgrado en Ciencias Biomédicas

  11. Reseñas

    OpenAIRE

    Anales de Literatura Española

    1987-01-01

    Contiene: A propósito de dos recientes ediciones de Don Álvaro ; DUQUE DE RIVAS D. Álvaro o La Fuerza del sino. Ed. Ermanno Caldera, Madrid, Taurus, 1986, 228 pp. Id. Ed. Donald L. Shaw, Madrid, Castalia, 1986, 181 pp. / Joaquín ÁLVAREZ BARRIENTOS ; Una teoría semiótica del texto narrativo ; CARMEN BOBES Teoría General de la Novela. Semiología de «La Regenta» Madrid, Gredos, 1985. / VALENTINA DE ANTONIO DOMÍNGUEZ ; Caballería y juego ; J. E. Ruiz DOMÉNEC El laberinto cortesano de ...

  12. El puesto sustantivo de la ética en el desarrollo de América Latina: Convicciones que sabotean el progreso: La dificultad de decir la verdad Title: The Essential Role of Ethics in the Developmen of Latin America: Convictions That Sabotage Progress: The Difficulty of Telling the Truth

    OpenAIRE

    Salomón Lerner; Marcos Aguinis; Darío Ruíz Gómez

    2004-01-01

    Salomón Lerner (1944-), catedrático peruano de filosofía, Rector de la Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú (1994-2004), y ganador del Premio Nacional de Derechos Humanos Ángel Escobar Jurado (2003). Marcos Aguinis (1935-), médico argentino, ex Ministro de Cultura de Argentina, ganador del Premio Planeta (España) y del Gran Premio de Honor de la Sociedad Argentina de Escritores. Darío Ruiz Gómez (1935-), crítico colombiano de arte, desarrollo urbano y literatura. Fue profesor de arquitect...

  13. The Essential Role of Ethics in the Developmen of Latin America: Convictions That Sabotage Progress: The Difficulty of Telling the Truth

    OpenAIRE

    Salomón Lerner; Marcos Aguinis; Darío Ruíz Gómez

    2004-01-01

    Salomón Lerner (1944-), Peruvian philosopher, Rector of Pontifical Catholic University of Peru (1994-2004), Angel Escobar Jurado National Human Rights Award (2003). Marcos Aguinis (1935-), Argentine physician, former Minister of Culture in Argentina, Planeta Prize (Spain), Grand Prize of Honor by the Argentine Society of Writers. Darío Ruiz Gómez (1935-), Colombian art and literary critic, former Professor of Architecture in Medellín, published four books of poetry and five books of short sto...

  14. Presión: aprende a utilizar correctamente la presión atmosférica, total, manomérica, parcial y de vapor

    OpenAIRE

    Fernandez-Torres, Maria J.

    2010-01-01

    Participan: Voz: Dra. María José Fernández Torres; Colaboran: Dra. María Dolores Saquete Ferrándiz y Dr. Francisco Ruiz Beviá. En este vídeo se explican los conceptos de PRESIÓN ATMOSFÉRICA, PRESIÓN TOTAL, PRESIÓN MANOMÉTRICA, PRESIÓN PARCIAL y PRESIÓN DE VAPOR. A su vez, se muestra la relación entre algunos tipos de presiones y se insiste que la PRESIÓN DE VAPOR es la única de todas ellas que es función de estado.

  15. Diseño de las intalaciones de electricidad, ventilación, climatización y contra incendios para una nave industrial y un edificio destinado a viviendas

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Este proyecto desarrolla el estudio de los sistemas de ventilación, climatización, contra incendios e instalación eléctrica de un recinto formado por una nave industrial, un edificio destinado a viviendas y una zona común. Los estudios de sistemas contra incendios e instalaciones eléctricas han sido estudiados por David Ruiz García. Los estudios de climatización, de ventilación y luminotécnicos han sido diseñados por Enrique Gárate Cuenca. Todas las instalaciones se han proyectado...

  16. Sentencia y "auctoritas" : del "Libro de Alexandre al Libro de buen amor"

    OpenAIRE

    Casas Rigall, Juan

    2009-01-01

    El uso de sentencias del acervo gnómico, de raíz culta o popular, es connatural al didactismo del Medievo. Dos obras maestras de la cuaderna vía, el Libro de Alexandre y el Libro de Buen Amor, coinciden en esta estrategia retórica, que, también desde una perspectiva dialéctica, se asienta sobre el argumento de autoridad. En el presente trabajo, el cotejo de las técnicas del autor anónimo del Alexandre y Juan Ruiz en el tratamiento y acomodación de sententiae demuestra planteamientos parale...

  17. Diagramas de flujo y volúmenes de control

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Torres, María José

    2010-01-01

    En este vídeo se explican los conceptos de DIAGRAMA DE FLUJO y de VOLÚMEN DE CONTROL aplicados a la Ingeniería Química. Se detalla cómo se dibujan correctamente volúmenes de control y las corrientes que deben considerarse en varios casos. Participan: Voz: Dra. María José Fernández Torres; Colaboran: Dra. María Dolores Saquete Ferrándiz y Dr. Francisco Ruiz Beviá.

  18. Respuesta de algunos procesos metabólicos en plantas de tabaco (nicotiana tabacum l. var. tennesse 86) ante la aplicación conjunta de B y CA

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz-Sáez, Juan Manuel

    2013-01-01

    La tesis doctoral defendida por D.Juan Manuel Ruiz Sáez se centra en el estudio de una de las relaciones menos estudiadas en la nutrición vegetal, como es la del B-Ca. Los resultados obtenidos muestran un efecto sinérgico del B sobre el Ca, mientras que el efecto del Ca sobre el B se defina como antagónica. Este tipo de relaciones obtenidas determina las acciones de estos nutrientes sobre los distintos procesos fisiológicos estudiados. En ...

  19. [Chilean nuclear policy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobadilla, E

    1996-06-01

    This official document is statement of the President of the Chilean Nuclear Energy Commission, Dr. Eduardo Bobadilla, about the nuclear policy of the Chilean State, Thanks to the international policy adopted by presidents Aylwin (1990-1994) and his successor Frei Ruiz Tagle (1994-), a nuclear development plan, protected by the Chilean entrance to the nuclear weapons non proliferation treaty and Tlatelolco Denuclearization treaty, has started. Chile will be able to develop without interference, an autonomous nuclear electrical system and other pacific uses of nuclear energy. Chile also supports a new international treaty to ban nuclear weapon tests.

  20. Global integrability of cosmological scalar fields

    CERN Document Server

    Maciejewski, Andrzej J; Stachowiak, Tomasz; Szydlowski, Marek

    2008-01-01

    We investigate the Liouvillian integrability of Hamiltonian systems describing a universe filled with a scalar field (possibly complex). The tool used is the differential Galois group approach, as introduced by Morales-Ruiz and Ramis. The main result is that the generic systems with minimal coupling are non-integrable, although there still exist some values of parameters for which integrability remains undecided; the conformally coupled systems are only integrable in four known cases. We also draw a connection with chaos present in such cosmological models, and the issues of integrability restricted to the real domain.

  1. Geografía de los territorios rurales : transformaciones actuales en el Valle de Tehuacán, Puebla /

    OpenAIRE

    Hernández de la Cruz, Luis Alberto

    2011-01-01

     tesis que para obtener el grado de Doctor en Geografía, presenta Luis Alberto Hernández de la Cruz ; asesor Rocío Rosales Ortega, Gilberto Giménez Montiel, Hernán Salas Quintanal, María Inés Ortiz Álvarez, Naxhelli Ruiz Rivera. 180 páginas : diagramas, fotografías, mapas. Doctorado en Geografía UNAM, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, 2011

  2. Capsicum sp.: diversidad y capsicinoides

    OpenAIRE

    Garcés Claver, Ana

    2015-01-01

    El género Capsicum, originario del continente americano (Andrews, 1984), comprende 33 especies (GRIN, 2014), de las cuales cinco, Capsicum annuum L., C. baccatum L., C. chinense Jacq., C. frutescens L., y C. pubescens Ruiz & Pav., han sido domesticadas (Bosland, 1994; Bosland y Votaba, 2000). De ellas, C. annuum es la especie más cultivada en todo el mundo. Los restos más antiguos identificados como C. annuum, que podrían corresponder a las primeras evidencias de su domesticación, se encontra...

  3. A Study of Diffusivity in the BCC Solid Solution of Nb-Al and Nb-Ti-Al System

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    A STUDY OF DIFFUSIVITY IN THE BCC SOLID SOLUTION OF Nb-Al AND Nb-Ti-Al SYSTEM P DTIC ELECTE NOV 3o01993 A- J.BY JOSE GUADALUPE LUIS RUIZ APARICIO A...analysis was employed for the evaluation of composition profiles in all the diffusion couples. Tne interdiffusion coefficient for the 0 solid solution of Nb...system suggest that Ti is the fastest element in the J0 solid solution . Qualitatively the penetration tendencies correlate with the melting point of

  4. Production of Shistosoma mansoni cercariae by Biomphalaria glabrata from a focus in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais Produção de cercárias de Schistosoma mansoni por Biomphalaria glabrata de foco em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecília Pereira de Souza

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available The snail density, levels of infection and the monthly production of Schistosoma mansoni cercariae by Biomphalaria glabrata were determined in a focus of Barreiro de Baixo (Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. During a period of 38 months (1984 to 1987 5,366 snails were collected of which 324 (6.03% were infected with S. mansoni. The total number of cercariae shed was 5,667,312. Each snail shed an average of 17,422 cercariae during the time that it was under study in the laboratory. The greatest longevity of infected snails was 218 days. Natural cure was observed in 42 (12.9% of the infected specimens about 130 days after collection. The average snail density in the focus during the period of study was 16.3 snails per scoop. The shedding of cercariae by snails collected from the field was compared with laboratory bred specimens infected in mass with the LE strain of S. mansoni from Belo Horizonte. The laboratory infected snails shed an average of 6,061 cercariae each, a value 2.8 times less than the field specimens due to a shorter life span. The prevalence of schistosomiasis in the focus was 14.3%.A densidade planorbídica, as taxas de infecção e a produção mensal de cercárias de Schistosoma mansoni por Biomphalaria glabrata, foram determinadas em foco do Barreiro de Baixo (Belo Horizonte MG, Brasil. Durante 38 meses, de 1984 a 1987, foram capturados 5.366 moluscos dentre os quais 324 (6,03% estavam infectados com o S. mansoni. O total de cercárias eliminadas foi de 5.667.312. Cada molusco eliminou em média 17.422 cercárias durante sua permanência no laboratório. A maior longevidade dos moluscos infectados foi de 218 dias. Foi observada a cura natural de 42 (12,9% dos exemplares infectados, após cerca de 130 dias de captura. A densidade planorbídica média, no foco durante esse período foi de 16,3 moluscos por conchada. A eliminação de cercárias pelos moluscos do campo foi comparada com a de exemplares criados no laboratório, infectados

  5. Desempenho de famílias e híbridos comerciais de tomateiro para processamento industrial com irrigação por gotejamento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carvalho José O.M.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Foram avaliadas e selecionadas as famílias provenientes do programa de melhoramento do tomateiro da UFU, com potencial para processamento industrial e comparados seus desempenhos com os híbridos mais utilizados pelos produtores na região de Patos de Minas. O ensaio foi conduzido na EE Fazenda Barreiro da Unilever Bestfoods Brasil, em Patos de Minas. Utilizaram-se 30 famílias de tomateiro e os híbridos Heinz 9553, Heinz 7155N2 e Hypeel 108. As Parcelas constituíram-se de linhas duplas espaçadas 0,5 m entre si, com 10 m de comprimento, irrigadas por gotejamento. O espaçamento entre as linhas duplas foi de 1,3 m e a população de 27 mil plantas por hectare. O delineamento experimental foi de blocos ao acaso, com quatro repetições. A semeadura foi realizada em 19/05/01. O rendimento de polpa mostrou correlações fenotípicas e genotípicas positivas com a produção total, produção de frutos comerciais, % de sólidos solúveis totais, coloração do suco, número de frutos maduros por planta e pH e negativa com acidez total titulável. Destacaram-se a família UFU 06 e os três híbridos comerciais.

  6. Synthesis, solubility, plasma stability, and pharmacological evaluation of novel sulfonylhydrazones designed as anti-diabetic agents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zapata-Sudo G

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Gisele Zapata-Sudo,1,2 Isabelle Karine da Costa Nunes,2 Josenildo Segundo Chaves Araujo,1,2 Jaqueline Soares da Silva,2 Margarete Manhães Trachez,2,3 Tiago Fernandes da Silva,1 Filipe P da Costa,2 Roberto Takashi Sudo,1,2 Eliezer J Barreiro,1,2 Lídia Moreira Lima1,2 1National Institute of Science and Technology on Drugs and Medicines, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Laboratory of Evaluation and Synthesis of Bioactive Compounds, Center of Health Sciences, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 2Program of Research in Drug Development, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 3Department of Anesthesiology, Fluminense Federal University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Abstract: Neuropathy is a serious complication of diabetes that has a significant socioeconomic impact, since it frequently demands high levels of health care consumption and compromises labor productivity. Recently, LASSBio-1471 (3 was demonstrated to improve oral glucose tolerance, reduce blood glucose levels, and display an anti-neuropathy effect in a murine streptozotocin-induced diabetes model. In the present work, we describe the design, synthesis, solubility, plasma stability, and pharmacological evaluation of novel sulfonylhydrazone derivatives (referred to herein as compounds 4–9, which were designed by molecular modification based on the structure of the prototype LASSBio-1471 (3. Among the compounds tested, better plasma stability was observed with 4, 5, and 9 in comparison to compounds 6, 7, and 8. LASSBio-1773 (7, promoted not only hypoglycemic activity but also the reduction of thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia in a murine model of streptozotocin-induced diabetic neuropathic pain. Keywords: diabetes, sulfonylhydrazone, hypoglycemic activity, druglikeness, plasma stability, metabolite

  7. {sup 210}Pb and {sup 210}Po in sediments and suspended matter in the Tagus estuary, Portugal: Local enhancement of natural levels by wastes from phosphate ore processing industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carvalho, Fernando P. [International Atomic Energy Agency, Marine Environment Laboratory, Monaco (Monaco)

    1994-12-09

    Results of analyses of uranium series radionuclides in phosphate ore and in wastes released by the phosphate fertilizer industry confirm their potential for the enhancement of environmental radioactivity levels. Therefore, concentrations of {sup 210}Pb and {sup 210}Po were measured in bottom sediments and suspended matter in the Tagus estuary, Portugal, to assess the enhancement of radioactivity due to wastes from the phosphate industry. The concentration of {sup 210}Pb in surface sediments in the estuary increased inversely with sediment grain-size; conversely, increased percentage of sand has a dilution effect on the concentration of {sup 210}Pb measured in bulk sediment samples. By normalizing the data to the <63-{mu}m fraction, the naturally-occurring {sup 210}Pb in sediments was found to be 68 {+-} 19 Bq kg{sup -1} (dry wt.) in background sediments. Higher {sup 210}Pb levels, up to 1580 Bq kg{sup -1} (dry wt.), were measured in some bulk sediment samples. It was verified that this radionuclide has been introduced by the discharge of wastes from a phosphate fertilizer plant but enhanced concentrations are localized near the point of discharge. In other zones of the estuary, the concentrations of {sup 210}Pb in sediments and suspended matter were generally below those measured in the zone of phosphatic releases at the Barreiro Peninsula. Concentrations higher than the predicted average concentration of unsupported {sup 210}Pb from natural sources (atmospheric deposition, river input) were also measured in the upper estuary, both in bottom sediments and in suspended matter. It is suggested that these relatively elevated concentrations are due to the highly efficient scavenging of soluble naturally-occurring unsupported {sup 210}Pb onto suspended matter and to co-precipitation with iron-manganese hydroxides in the fresh water-salt water mixing zone.

  8. On the recovery of ISW fluctuations using large-scale structure tracers and CMB temperature and polarization anisotropies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonavera, L.; Barreiro, R. B.; Marcos-Caballero, A.; Vielva, P.

    2016-06-01

    In this work we present a method to extract the signal induced by the integrated Sachs-Wolfe (ISW) effect in the cosmic microwave background (CMB). It makes use of the Linear Covariance-Based filter introduced by Barreiro et al., and combines CMB data with any number of large-scale structure (LSS) surveys and lensing information. It also exploits CMB polarization to reduce cosmic variance. The performance of the method has been thoroughly tested with simulations taking into account the impact of non-ideal conditions such as incomplete sky coverage or the presence of noise. In particular, three galaxy surveys are simulated, whose redshift distributions peak at low (z ≃ 0.3), intermediate (z ≃ 0.6) and high redshift (z ≃ 0.9). The contribution of each of the considered data sets as well as the effect of a mask and noise in the reconstructed ISW map is studied in detail. When combining all the considered data sets (CMB temperature and polarization, the three galaxy surveys and the lensing map), the proposed filter successfully reconstructs a map of the weak ISW signal, finding a perfect correlation with the input signal for the ideal case and around 80 per cent, on average, in the presence of noise and incomplete sky coverage. We find that including CMB polarization improves the correlation between input and reconstruction although only at a small level. Nonetheless, given the weakness of the ISW signal, even modest improvements can be of importance. In particular, in realistic situations, in which less information is available from the LSS tracers, the effect of including polarization is larger. For instance, for the case in which the ISW signal is recovered from CMB plus only one survey, and taking into account the presence of noise and incomplete sky coverage, the improvement in the correlation coefficient can be as large as 10 per cent.

  9. Generative semantic mechanisms within morphologically complex words

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eulalia Sosa Acevedo

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper seeks to introduce an alternative perspective on the treatment of derivation within a functional framework like Role and Reference Grammar (RRG. By taking a functional perspective, we assume that word formation is a two-dimensional phenomenon involving both onomasiological and grammatical components. Furthermore, grammatical processes are considered to be semantically motivated. In order to properly account for the internal mechanisms involved in word formation, we formulate affixal lexical representations by using Lexical Templates as devised within the LCM (see Mairal Usón & Faber 2007; Mairal Usón & Ruíz de Mendoza 2008a,b; Ruiz de Mendoza & Mairal Usón 2008; Butler 2009; Cortés Rodríguez 2009, among others.This paper seeks to introduce an alternative perspective on the treatment of derivation within a functional framework like Role and Reference Grammar (RRG. By taking a functional perspective, we assume that word formation is a two-dimensional phenomenon involving both onomasiological and grammatical components. Furthermore, grammatical processes are considered to be semantically motivated. In order to properly account for the internal mechanisms involved in word formation, we formulate affixal lexical representations by using Lexical Templates as devised within the LCM (see Mairal Usón & Faber 2007; Mairal Usón & Ruíz de Mendoza 2008a,b; Ruiz de Mendoza & Mairal Usón 2008; Butler 2009; Cortés Rodríguez 2009, among others.

  10. 英汉半喻式名名复合词的隐转喻研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐春艳

    2014-01-01

    隐喻和转喻是人类最基本的认知方式。一些研究表明,转喻比隐喻更基本,往往在认知世界的过程中为隐喻提供基础。隐喻和转喻共存于一个连续体中,二者相互作用的模式非常复杂。目前,国外认知语言学家共提出了五种隐喻和转喻互动模式,其中,Ruiz de Mendoza 的概念相互作用模式对半喻式名名复合词的生成机制最具解释力。本文将在 Ruiz de Mendoza 的概念相互作用模式理论框架下详细阐释半喻式名名复合词的生成动因。

  11. 间接言语行为的转喻多域操作%Matrix Domain of Metonymy in Indirect Speech Acts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈香兰

    2009-01-01

    Panther & Thornburg的场境理论认为间接言语行为理解中存在转喻思维,Ruiz de Mendoza & Díez提出"What's X doing Y?"存在双转喻.本文集中讨论间接言语行为中转喻的多域操作问题,认为Ruiz de Mendoza所讨论的矩阵域是一种多域操作的情况,还有其它两种形式的多域操作.即多个源域一个目的域和一个源域多个目的域.本文分析的独特之处不仅在于对间接言语行为的转喻操作作更为深入的研究,还在于将转喻操作过程中,认知背景、现时语境和个人语用因素的影响作用也考虑其中.

  12. 英语使移构式认知研究%On Cognition of English Caused-Motion Constructions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐春艳

    2015-01-01

    Goldberg proposed that the arguments of the verb and caused-motion constructions must fuse if the verb is allowed by them,but Goldberg’s approach has not been able to give a fully accurate ac-count of the principles that allow or block lexical-construction fusion.This paper will address it by speciali-zing the sementics of verbs and the cognitive method of high-level metaphor and metonymy in the frame of LCM which developed by Ruiz de Mendoza.%Goldberg 认为,动词要想进入使移构式,其论元结构必须与构式的题元结构相融。但是,Goldberg 的理论对动词准入构式的动因还缺乏令人信服的解释。根据 Ruiz de Mendoza 提出的词汇构式模型(Lexical Construction Model)框架,细化动词的语义特征以及高层隐喻和转喻的认知操作,有助于阐释动词准入使移构式的动因。

  13. Las horas canónicas en «El Libro de buen amor»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morros, Bienvenido

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available This work studies the parody of the canonical hours in the Libro de buen amor and it is based on several handbooks about liturgy, roman as well as hispanic, that the Archpriest could probably use for this episode in his book. Thanks to the explanations that these books show about every one of the canonical hours, we can undertand much better the behaviour of the priest who takes the chief role in the episode written by Juan Ruiz.

    El presente trabajo analiza la parodia de las horas canónicas en el Libro de buen amor a la luz de los diferentes manuales sobre liturgia, tanto romana como hispánica, que el Arcipreste pudo manejar para ese episodio de su obra. Gracias a las explicaciones que se dan en todos esos libros sobre cada una de las horas canónicas, entendemos mucho mejor la conducta del clérigo que las protagoniza en el pasaje de Juan Ruiz.

  14. Towards understanding the puzzling lack of acid geothermal springs in Tibet (China): Insight from a comparison with Yellowstone (USA) and some active volcanic hydrothermal systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Qinghai; Kirk Nordstrom, D.; Blaine McCleskey, R.

    2014-11-01

    Explanations for the lack of acid geothermal springs in Tibet are inferred from a comprehensive hydrochemical comparison of Tibetan geothermal waters with those discharged from Yellowstone (USA) and two active volcanic areas, Nevado del Ruiz (Colombia) and Miravalles (Costa Rica) where acid springs are widely distributed and diversified in terms of geochemical characteristic and origin. For the hydrothermal areas investigated in this study, there appears to be a relationship between the depths of magma chambers and the occurrence of acid, chloride-rich springs formed via direct magmatic fluid absorption. Nevado del Ruiz and Miravalles with magma at or very close to the surface (less than 1-2 km) exhibit very acidic waters containing HCl and H2SO4. In contrast, the Tibetan hydrothermal systems, represented by Yangbajain, usually have fairly deep-seated magma chambers so that the released acid fluids are much more likely to be fully neutralized during transport to the surface. The absence of steam-heated acid waters in Tibet, however, may be primarily due to the lack of a confining layer (like young impermeable lavas at Yellowstone) to separate geothermal steam from underlying neutral chloride waters and the possible scenario that the deep geothermal fluids below Tibet carry less H2S than those below Yellowstone.

  15. El antimaritenismo de Rafael Calvo Serer a través de la revista Arbor (1944-1953

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Díaz Hernández, Onésimo

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the construction of a political-cultural project in the magazine Arbor in the early years of Franco’s dictatorship. Rafael Calvo Serer, the journal’s editor (1951-1953, established Arbor’s monarchical and traditionalist ideology in contrast to the notion of the new Christendom defended by Jacques Maritain. Finally, it analyses the tactics Calvo Serer deployed to protest against the cultural project of Joaquín Ruiz-Giménez, Minister of Education from 1951 to 1956.En este artículo se trata de la construcción de un proyecto político-cultural a través de la revista Arbor en los primeros años del franquismo. El director de Arbor (1951-1953, Rafael Calvo Serer, formó un pensamiento tradicionalista y monárquico contrario a la idea de nueva cristiandad defendida por Jacques Maritain. Por último, se analizan las tácticas empleadas por Rafael Calvo Serer para desestabilizar el proyecto cultural de Joaquín Ruiz-Giménez, ministro de Educación del gobierno de Franco entre 1951 y 1956.

  16. Nectandra Rol. ex Rottb. (Lauraceae no Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil Nectandra Rol. ex Rottb. (Lauraceae in Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Macedo Alves

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho apresenta o estudo taxonômico das espécies do gênero Nectandra no Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil. Baseados na análise morfológica dos espécimes coletados em diferentes regiões do Estado são confirmados oito espécies de Nectandra: N. amazonum Nees, N. cissiflora Nees, N. cuspidata Nees, N. falcifolia (Nees J.A. Castigl. ex Mart. Crov. & Piccinini, N. gardneri Meisn., N. hihua (Ruiz & Pav. Rohwer, N. megapotamica (Spreng. Mez e N. psammophila Nees. É fornecida uma chave de identificação para as espécies e apresentados descrições morfológicas, dados de distribuição geográfica, habitat, aspectos fenológicos, comentários taxonômicos e ilustrações para cada espécie.This paper presents the taxonomic study of the species of Nectandra from Mato Grosso do Sul. Eight species of Nectandra were identified through the morphological analyses of specimens collected in different regions from the State: N. amazonum Nees, N. cissiflora Nees, N. cuspidata Nees, N. falcifolia (Nees J.A. Castigl. ex Mart. Crov. & Piccinini, N. gardneri Meisn., N. hihua (Ruiz & Pav. Rohwer, N. megapotamica (Spreng. Mez and N. psammophila Nees. Identification key, morphological descriptions, geographic distribution, habitat, fenologic aspect, taxonomic comments, and illustrations are presented.

  17. Eva Hache y "El Club de la Comedia": del guión monológico al registro dialógico (Eva Hache and "El Club de la Comedia": from the monologic script to the dialogic register

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonor Ruiz Gurillo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo muestra el análisis del registro de la cómica Eva Hache, presentadora del programa de televisión español "El Club de la Comedia" en 2011 y 2012. De acuerdo con la "Teoría General del Humor Verbal" de Attardo y Raskin (1991 y Ruiz Gurillo (2012, el trabajo se enmarca en el recurso de conocimiento denominado "estrategia narrativa". La planificación, la inmediatez, la interacción cara a cara, así como la retroalimentación y el dinamismo con la audiencia son analizados en el guión escrito y en el monólogo dramatizado, con el fin de argumentar que los monólogos de Eva Hache son realmente diálogos con la audiencia. (This article shows an analysis of the register of the comedian Eva Hache, the presenter of "El Club de la Comedia" (a Spanish TV program in 2011 and 2012. In accordance with the "General Theory of Verbal Humor" of Attardo and Raskin (1991 and Ruiz Gurillo (2012, this analysis mainly focuses on the knowledge resource known as "narrative strategy". Planning, immediacy, face-toface interaction, as well as the feedback or the dynamism with the audience are analyzed in the written script and in the dramatized monologue, in order to argue that Eva Hache’s monologues are in fact dialogues with the audience.

  18. Gabriel Miró, Del vivir (1904 y su ruptura con la convención novelesca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lozano Marco, Miguel Ángel

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available I'm trying to analyze, with our new criteria, Del vivir, the first work recognized by Gabriel Miró as his, after repudiating his two previous novels. The proposal, documented, of the writing date allows venturing one hypothesis: the influence that Antonio Azorin could exercise over the young Miró. The novelistic model found in the Jose Martinez Ruiz work teaches him to disregard the argument in order to attend to the life, and allows him to conceive a character (whom we only know that his name is Sigüenza without neither physical features nor story, in order to emphasize its substance and moral nature.Pretendo analizar, con nuevos criterios, Del vivir, la primera obra que Gabriel Miró reconoce como suya después de repudiar sus dos novelas anteriores. La propuesta, documentada, de la fecha de escritura permite aventurar una hipótesis: la influencia que Antonio Azorín pudo ejercer sobre el joven Miró. El modelo novelístico que encuentra en la obra de José Martínez Ruiz le enseña a prescindir del argumento para atender a la vida, y le permite concebir un personaje (del que sólo sabemos que se llama Sigüenza sin rasgos físicos y sin historia, para destacar su sustancia y carácter moral.

  19. La apropiación de la lengua escrita en el ciclo de transición con base en la filosofía del lenguaje intregal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rivera Calvo, Ana Catalina

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Este artículo presenta una investigación realizada sobre la apropiación de la lengua escrita en el ciclo de transición con fundamento en la filosofía del lenguaje integral.Con base en dicha filosofía, y el referente teórico de diversos autores como Piaget, Vigotsky, Ruiz y Gómez Palacios, entre otros, se plantea una serie de estrategias por realizar en la labor docente. De esa manera estimular los cuatros procesos del lenguaje: habla, escucha, lectura y escritura. Asimismo, se presentan los resultados obtenidos en cada uno de los procesos con el grupo con el que se trabajó.Abstract: This article presents an investigation made on the appropriation of the written language in the cycle of transition based on the integral language philosophy.Base in this philosophy, and the referring theoretician of diverse authors like Piaget, Vigotsky, Ruiz and Gómez Palacios, among others, considers a series of strategies to make in the educational work. Of that way to stimulate the four processes of the language: speaks, listens, reading and writing. Also, the results obtained in each one of the processes with the group appear with which it worked.

  20. Presentación gráfica, desplazamiento y aprobación de la naturaleza en las expediciones botánicas del siglo XVIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nieto, Mauricio

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available My purpose, on this work, is to illustrate the central role that plays the visual representations on the botanical exploration. I used documents (graphics and written from the school of painting of José Celestino Mutis in Santa Fe de Bogotá, that informs us about artists' training and the process of elaboration of sheets; the same as in the newspapers of Ruiz and Pavón during the publication of the Flora Peruviana. The artist's in the process of classification (construction of new species active function stands out.

    En este trabajo me propongo ilustrar el papel central que juegan las representaciones visuales en la exploración botánica. Me baso para ello en documentos (gráficos y escritos tanto de la escuela de pintura de José Celestino Mutis en Santa Fe de Bogotá, los cuales nos informan sobre el entrenamiento de artistas y el proceso de elaboración de láminas, al igual que en los diarios de Ruiz y Pavón durante la publicación de la Flora Peruviana. Se destaca la función activa del artista en el proceso de clasificación (fabricación de nuevas especies.

  1. NUEVAS CITAS EN RUBIACEAE DE BRASIL New records in Rubiaceae of Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsa L. Cabral

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available

    Galianthe guaranitica E.L. Cabral and G. parvula E.L. Cabral are reported for the first time in
    Brazil, Rosenbergiodendron longiflorum (Ruiz & Pav. Fagerl. and Guettarda pohliana Müll.
    Arg. are mentioned for the first time for Paraná State. Schwendenera tetrapyxis K. Schum.,
    Galianthe dichasia (Sucre & C. G. Costa E.L. Cabral and Galianthe longisepala E.L. Cabral
    are new records for Parana, Mato Grosso do Sul and Mato Grosso States respectively
    Galianthe guaranitica E.L. Cabral and G. parvula E.L. Cabral are reported for the first time in
    Brazil, Rosenbergiodendron longiflorum (Ruiz & Pav. Fagerl. and Guettarda pohliana Müll.
    Arg. are mentioned for the first time for Paraná State. Schwendenera tetrapyxis K. Schum.,
    Galianthe dichasia (Sucre & C. G. Costa E.L. Cabral and Galianthe longisepala E.L. Cabral
    are new records for Parana, Mato Grosso do Sul and Mato Grosso States respectively

  2. La divulgación de la toma de Granada: objetivos, mecanismos y agentes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rincón González, Mª Dolores

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Under the supervision and stimulus of proto-notaries Bernardino López de Carvajal and Juan Ruiz de Medina, the news of the successful end to war against Moorish Granada spread far and wide from the Papal court to the rest of Europe. The reading of two Latin summaries and the comparison with the preliminary text of a French incunabulum show the importance of both figures in the exalting propaganda of Ferdinand the Catholic.

    Bajo la supervisión y estímulo de los protonotarios, Bernardino López de Carvajal y Juan Ruiz de Medina, el éxito final de las campañas contra los moros de Granada fue divulgado desde la corte papal al resto de Europa. La lectura de dos sumarios latinos y el cotejo con el texto preliminar de un incunable francés prueban el papel desarrollado por ambos personajes en la exaltación propagandística de Fernando el Católico.

  3. Una nueva fuente histórica. El archivo José María Uribe Uribe 1838-1921

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Velásquez Ochoa

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available En esta reseña trabajo de grado se describe la importancia de los procesos de organización y valoración de una nueva fuente documental: el Archivo José María Uribe Uribe 1838-1921 ubicado en la Sala de patrimonio documental de la Universidad EAFIT. A través de estas líneas se muestra la importancia del trabajo del historiador en la organización y valoración de archivos comerciales, valiosos para la historia económica, empresarial y social de Antioquia. También se profundiza en el contexto histórico en el cual surgieron los documentos que componen el archivo, es decir, el comercio, los comerciantes y las casas comerciales en Antioquia desde mediados del siglo XIX hasta 1920. Finalmente se presenta una descripción, a través del análisis de la correspondencia epistolar y de los libros de cuentas del Archivo José María Uribe Uribe 1838-1921, no sólo la historia familiar de los comerciantes rionegreros José María Uribe Uribe, Pedro y Estanislao Uribe Ruiz, sino también la historia de las casas comerciales José María Uribe e Hijos (1852-1894 y Uribe Ruiz Hermanos (1894-1916 que funcionaron en Rionegro, Manizales y Medellín.

  4. Entre el progreso y la tradición: un sermón ilustrado para las exequias de Carlos III

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melgosa Oter, Óscar Raúl

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article is analysed the sermon compound and predicated by the prebendary John Cruz Ruiz de Cabañas for the exequies of the king Charles III in the cathedral of Burgos in 1789, the sources and used recourses and structure and content of his preachment. Some years later he was appointed bishop of Guadalajara (Mexico and he could execute some of the «carolinas» reforms eulogized in his sermon, characterized by a progressists tone in socioeconomic and conservative in religious matter, own of the illustrated Spanish clergy in the 18th century.

    En este artículo se analiza el sermón compuesto y predicado por el canónigo Juan Cruz Ruiz de Cabañas para las exequias del rey Carlos III en la catedral de Burgos en 1789, las fuentes y recursos utilizados y la estructura y contenido de su prédica. Años después fue elegido obispo de Guadalajara (México y pudo ejecutar algunas de las reformas carolinas elogiadas en su sermón, caracterizado por un tono progresista en lo socieconómico y conservador en materia religiosa, propio del clero ilustrado español en el siglo XVIII.

  5. Out of Amazonia: the unexpected trans-Andean distribution of Cochranella resplendens (Lynch and Duellman, 1978) (Anura: Centrolenidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molina-Zuluaga, Claudia; Cano, Estefany; Restrepo, Adriana; Rada, Marco; Daza, Juan M

    2017-03-02

    The glassfrog genus Cochranella, with nine recognized species, is distributed in the lowlands and mid elevation of the Neotropical forests, from Nicaragua to Bolivia (Guayasamin et al. 2009; Twomey et al. 2014). Four species are trans-Andean-C. granulosa (Taylor 1949) occurs in the lowlands and mountains, at mid elevation, of Central America, C. litoralis (Ruiz-Carranza & Lynch 1996) and C. mache Guayasamin & Bonaccorso 2004 occur in the Pacific lowlands and the western cloud forests of Colombia and Ecuador, and C. euknemos (Savage & Starrett 1967) occurs both in Central America and South America (northwestern Colombia).-The other five species have cis-Andean distributions in the Amazonian slopes and lowlands, from Colombia to Bolivia: C. nola Harvey 1996, C. guayasamini Twomey, Delia & Castroviejo-Fisher 2014, C. resplendens (Lynch & Duellman 1973), C. erminea Torres-Gastello, Suárez-Segovia & Cisneros-Heredia 2007, and C. phryxa Aguayo-Vedia & Harvey 2006. In Colombia, C. resplendens is known from the foothills of the Amazon versant in Caquetá (Malambo et al. 2013) and Putumayo (Lynch & Duellman 1973; Ruiz-Carranza et al. 1996). The species is also known from Ecuador (Lynch & Duellman 1973) and Peru (Twomey et al. 2014). Here, we report two new records of Cochranella resplendens, extending the species distribution beyond the Amazonian lowlands into the northern Cordillera Central in Colombia.

  6. Aproximación a la obra de Picasso a través de la representación del ejercicio físico. De Málaga a Guernica=An approach to Picasso's work through his representation of physical exercise. From Málaga to Guernica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa González Aja

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Una de las constantes en la obra de Pablo Ruiz Picasso es el tratamiento, diverso, del ejerciciofísico e incluso, en algunas ocasiones, del juego y del deporte. Además, muestra diversasinfluencias de épocas y estilos artísticos y de algunos de sus pintores favoritos, a la hora deinterpretar algunas de las actividades físico-deportivas que aparecen en su obra. Este textopresenta el estudio de tales actividades -bañistas, caballos, boxeadores, toros, incluso algúnautorretrato-en la primera etapa del pintor que aquí se concluye con la llegada de la GuerraCivil.------------------------------------------------------------------------------One of the constant features in Pablo Ruiz Picasso's work is the treatment of physical exerciseand occasionally even of sport and play. Besides, when interpreting some of the sport andphysical activities appearing in his work he is greatly influenced by various artistic periods andstyles and by some of his favourite painters. This text provides a study of such activities -bathers, horses, boxers, bulls, even some self-portraits- in the painter's first period, finishingwith the outbreak of the Civil War.

  7. Mineral replacement reactions and element mobilization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putnis, Christine V.; Ruiz-Agudo, Encarnacion; King, Helen E.; Hövelmann, Jörn; Renard, François

    2016-04-01

    When a mineral is out of equilibrium with an aqueous fluid, reactions will take place in an attempt to reach a new equilibrium. Commonly in the Earth dissolution at a mineral-fluid interface initiates a coupled reaction involving dissolution and precipitation (Ruiz-Agudo et al., 2014). This is a ubiquitous reaction during such processes as metamorphism, metasomatism and weathering. When rock-forming minerals such as feldspars, olivine, pyroxenes are in contact with aqueous fluids (typically NaCl-rich) resultant new phases are formed and elements present in the parent mineral are released to the fluid and therefore mobilized for transport elsewhere. This has been shown in a number of systems such as the albitisation of feldspars (Hövelmann et al., 2010) when a Ca-bearing plagioclase is replaced by albite (NaAlSi3O8). However during this reaction not only is Ca released to the fluid but most other minor elements, such as Mg, Pb, rare earth elements amongst others, are almost totally mobilized and removed in solution. This interface-coupled dissolution-precipitation reaction has many implications for the redistributon of elements in the crust of the Earth. It is also of note that albitisation occurs often in areas of high mineralization, such as in the Curnamona Province in S. Australia (Au-Cu and Ag-Pb-Zn deposits) and the Bamble District of S. Norway. Secondly atomic force microscopy (AFM) has been used to image these reactions at a nanoscale, especially at the calcite-fluid interface, such as the formation of apatite from phosphate-bearing solutions, and the sequestration of toxic elements, eg., Se and As. References Ruiz-Agudo E., Putnis C.V., Putnis A. (2014) Coupled dissolution and precipitation at mineral-fluid interfaces. Chemical Geology, 383, 132-146. Putnis C.V. and Ruiz-Agudo E. (2013) The mineral-water interface: where minerals react with the environment. Elements, 9, 177-182. Hövelmann J., Putnis A., Geisler T., Schmidt B.C., Golla-Schindler U. (2009

  8. Volcanism and associated hazards: the Andean perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. I. Tilling

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Andean volcanism occurs within the Andean Volcanic Arc (AVA, which is the product of subduction of the Nazca Plate and Antarctica Plates beneath the South America Plate. The AVA is Earth's longest but discontinuous continental-margin volcanic arc, which consists of four distinct segments: Northern Volcanic Zone, Central Volcanic Zone, Southern Volcanic Zone, and Austral Volcanic Zone. These segments are separated by volcanically inactive gaps that are inferred to indicate regions where the dips of the subducting plates are too shallow to favor the magma generation needed to sustain volcanism. The Andes host more volcanoes that have been active during the Holocene (past 10 000 years than any other volcanic region in the world, as well as giant caldera systems that have produced 6 of the 47 largest explosive eruptions (so-called "super eruptions" recognized worldwide that have occurred from the Ordovician to the Pleistocene.

    The Andean region's most powerful historical explosive eruption occurred in 1600 at Huaynaputina Volcano (Peru. The impacts of this event, whose eruptive volume exceeded 11 km3, were widespread, with distal ashfall reported at distances >1000 km away. Despite the huge size of the Huaynaputina eruption, human fatalities from hazardous processes (pyroclastic flows, ashfalls, volcanogenic earthquakes, and lahars were comparatively small owing to the low population density at the time. In contrast, lahars generated by a much smaller eruption (<0.05 km3 in 1985 of Nevado del Ruiz (Colombia killed about 25 000 people – the worst volcanic disaster in the Andean region as well as the second worst in the world in the 20th century. The Ruiz tragedy has been attributed largely to ineffective communications of hazards information and indecisiveness by government officials, rather than any major deficiencies in scientific data. Ruiz's disastrous outcome, however, together with responses to subsequent

  9. Las relaciones financieras entre España y Portugal, 1563-1580

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Óscar LUCAS VILLANUEVA

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Las economías de Castilla y Portugal durante la segunda mitad del siglo XVI estaban estrechamente ligadas por vínculos financieros. Un espacio económico en desarrollo, el del Atlántico septentrional, comprendía ambos territorios y se organizaba a partir de los grandes centros feriales de Amberes, Lyon y Medina. El gran tráfico mercantil transoceánico se hacía presente en este escenario europeo gracias a la intervención de España y Portugal, pero con papeles bien distintos: España, incontinente, drenando el oro y la plata americanos hacia Europa, Portugal suministrando las apreciadas mercancías orientales. Las ferias de Medina del Campo y los mercaderes castellanos como Simón Ruiz se convierten en colaboradores necesarios de los mercaderes portugueses, pues a través de éstos negociaban los reembolsos o inversiones financieras en las plazas europeas; sin embargo, para ello era preciso un buen conocimiento de los negocios cambiarlos y su oportunidad, atendiendo a la cotización de las distintas monedas y a demanda de dinero en las ferias europeas. De la mano del mercader medinense entran los lisboetas en las grandes finanzas y la concertación de asientos con la Corona, aunque tal vez sin la pujanza que Felipe II hubiese deseado.ABSTRACT: The correspondence studied shows the importance that had, for this period of time (1563-1580, the relationship between Castille and Portugal. The vigorous economic space of the Northern Atlantic, the space in which were inscribed both territories, was organised from the three great market centres of Amberes, Lyon and Medina del Campo. The big transoceanic commercial trade was present in this European scenery thanks to the supervision of Spain an Portugal, but playing a very different role: Spain, draining gold and silver to Europe; and Portugal, supplying the appreciated oriental goods. The fairs of Medina and the Castilian merchants, like Simon Ruiz, were converted in necessary

  10. The genus Allogamus Schmid, 1955 (Trichoptera, Limnephilidae: revised by sexual selection-driven adaptive, non-neutral traits of the phallic organ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oláh, János

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Based upon our previous reviews on the phylogenetic species concept, initial split criteria and fine structure analysis here we summarize population and model thinking as support to our diverged structure matrix procedure to test simply visually or, if required, by geometric morphometrics the stability of sexual selection-driven adaptive, non-neutral traits of the phallic organ. Complexity review helped us to establish plesiomorphic and apomorphic states of parameres of the phallic organ. Fine structure diversity of the adaptive traits of paramere and the apical portion of aedeagus has been applied to revise the Allogamus genus. All the known 22 taxa, 19 species and 3 subspecies, have been revised. Apomorphic fusion of parameres and complexity evolution of aedeagus directed us to erect 2 rediagnosed species groups, 1 new species group, 4 new species subgroups, 1 new species complex, 10 new species and 4 new or revised species status as follows: Allogamus auricollis species group, rediagnosed. Allogamus antennatus new subgroup: A. antennatus (McLachlan, 1876, A. ausoniae Moretti, 1991, stat. rev., A. morettii DePietro & Cianficconi, 2001, stat. rev., A. silanus Moretti 1991, stat. nov. Allogamus auricollis new subgroup: A. alpensis Oláh, Lodovici & Valle sp. nov., A. auricollis (Pictet, 1834, A. despaxi Decamps, 1967, A. zomok Oláh & Coppa sp. nov. Allogamus hilaris new subgroup: A. hilaris (McLachlan, 1876. Allogamus ligonifer new subgroup: A. gibraltaricus Gonzalez & Ruiz, 2001, A. kefes Coppa & Oláh sp. nov., A. laureatus (Navas, 1918, A. ligonifer (McLachlan, 1876, A. pertuli Malicky, 1974, A. pupos Coppa & Oláh sp. nov. Allogamus mortoni new species complex: A. kampos Oláh & Ruiz sp. nov., A. kettos Oláh & Ruiz sp. nov., A. kurtas Oláh & Zamora-Muñoz sp. nov., A. mortoni (Navas, 1907, A. pohos Oláh & Zamora-Muñoz sp. nov., A. tuskes Oláh & Sáinz-Bariáin sp. nov. Allogamus corsicus new species group: A. corsicus (Ris, 1897. A

  11. Comparison of Four Bleeding Risk Scores to Identify Rivaroxaban-treated Patients With Venous Thromboembolism at Low Risk for Major Bleeding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kline, Jeffrey A; Jimenez, David; Courtney, D Mark; Ianus, Juliana; Cao, Lynn; Lensing, Anthonie W A; Prins, Martin H; Wells, Philip S

    2016-02-01

    Outpatient treatment of acute venous thromboembolism (VTE) requires the selection of patients with a low risk of bleeding during the first few weeks of anticoagulation. The accuracy of four systems, originally derived for predicting bleeding in VTE treated with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs), was assessed in VTE patients treated with rivaroxaban. All patients treated with rivaroxaban in the multinational EINSTEIN deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) trials were included. Major bleeding was defined as ≥2 g/dL drop in hemoglobin or ≥2-unit blood transfusion, bleeding in critical area, or bleeding contributing to death. The authors examined the incidence of major bleeding in patients with low-risk assignment by the systems of Ruiz-Gimenez et al. (score = 0 to 1), Beyth et al. (score = 0), Kuijer et al. (score = 0), and Landefeld and Goldman. (score = 0). For clinical relevance, the definition of low risk for all scores except Kuijer includes all patients risk patients during the entire treatment period were similar: Ruiz-Gimenez et al., 12 of 2,622 (0.5%; 95% CI = 0.2% to 0.8%); Beyth et al., nine of 2,249 (0.4%; 95% CI = 0.2% to 0.8%); Kuijer et al., four of 1,186 (0.3%; 95% CI = 0.1% to 0.9%); and Landefeld and Goldman, 11 of 2,407 (0.5%; 95% CI = 0.2% to 0.8%). At 30 days, major bleed rates for low-risk patients were as follows: Ruiz-Gimenez et al., five of 2,622 (0.2%; 95% CI = 0.1% to 0.4%); Beyth et al., five of 2,249 (0.2%; 95% CI = 0.1% to 0.5%); Kuijer et al., three of 1,186 (0.3%; 95% CI = 0.1% to 0.7%); and Landefeld and Goldman, seven of 2,407 (0.3%; 95% CI = 0.1% to 0.6%). No low-risk patient had a fatal bleed. Four scoring systems that use criteria obtained in routine clinical practice, derived to predict low bleeding risk with VKA treatment for VTE, identified patients with less than a 1% risk of major bleeding during full-course treatment with rivaroxaban. © 2016 by the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine.

  12. Pedagogic renovation and school organization. Ezequiel Cazaña’s project as base of the general regulation of graded schools of 1918

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando VICENTE JARA

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The beginning of the 20th century in its two first decades corresponds to the phase of birth and childhood of the graduated public school in Spain, entering a process of change of the archaic organizing models of the unitary school by the most modern and rational of the graded school. In those first years Murcia is going to reach an outstanding place, with important people worried about the school matter. And it is in this context where this work is located, with the purpose to present the remarkable contribution of the inspector Ezequiel Cazaña Ruiz to the organization and internal operation of the graded schools, since the contents and forms of teaching, students, personal and school equipment, to the circumscholastic works and classes for adults.

  13. Photoionization Models of NGC 346

    CERN Document Server

    Relano, M; Beckman, J E

    2001-01-01

    We present spherically symmetric and plane parallel photoionization models of NGC 346, an HII region in the Small Magellanic Cloud. The models are based on CLOUDY and on the observations of Peimbert, Peimbert, & Ruiz (2000). We find that approximately 45% of the H ionization photons escape from the HII region providing an important ionizing source for the low density interstellar medium of the SMC. The predicted I(4363)/I(5007) value is smaller than that observed, probably implying that there is an additional source of energy not taken into account by the models. From the ionization structure of the best model and the observed line intensities we determine the abundances of N, Ne, S, Ar, and Fe relative to O.

  14. Where do Foreign Student STEM graduates work after they graduate?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz, Neil

    2017-01-01

    Foreign students and entrepreneurs add path-breaking innovative ideas and billions of dollars to the United States economy. This presentation takes a look at where foreign students originate, what degrees and subjects they are pursuing in the U.S., and where they work after they graduate from U.S. universities. With a special focus on STEM degrees and physics, Dr. Ruiz will show how foreign students open up markets in their hometown cities which facilitates trade, foreign direct investment and knowledge transfer. In addition, they infuse revenue into local communities, and they help fill demand for jobs requiring specific skills in local U.S. labor markets. He argues that America's business, educational, and community leaders need to develop better strategies that retain their talents after they graduate. Invited speaker number 44869.

  15. En una Perspectiva Histórica del conocimiento: síntesis de la mirada de algunos pensadores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilia Cañon Flórez

    1991-05-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN Un aporte que realizo los profesores Lilia Cañón Flores y José P. Silva Ruiz, con el tema “en una perspectiva histórica del conocimiento: Síntesis de la mirada de Algunos Pensadores”, la Escuela de Administración de Negocios, en el marco de su XXV Aniversario, inicia, para complementar con ello su misión institucional de forma integralmente a la persona, actividades de docencia, investigación y extensión  de su Facultad de Humanidades, creada mediante acuerdo No. 126 de 1988, la cual estará orientada al estudio del individuo  como supremo valor social que a su vez debe ser permanente fuerte de perfección de la actividad humana y , por ende, pueda brindar sus mejores frutos en función de un buen  servir a los demás.

  16. La Mezquita de Córdoba, proceso de restauración

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz Cabrero, Gabriel

    2016-01-01

    Esta visita conferencia propone una paseo por los más de 700 años de historia de la Mezquita de Córdoba, y en concreto sobre los 30 años en los que el arquitecto Catedrático D. Gabriel Ruiz Cabrero lleva trabajando en la restauración de este singular monumento. Un análisis riguroso sobre el proceso histórico del edificio desde su evolución arquitectónica. La explicación propone al alumno un mejor entendimiento de los valores patrimoniales de este tipo de inmueble y como abordar su recuperació...

  17. Percutaneous and minimally invasive approaches to mitral valve repair for severe mitral regurgitation-new devices and emerging outcomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fadi E Shamoun

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Mitral valve disease is common in the United States and around the world, and if left untreated, increases cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Mitral valve repair is technically more demanding than mitral valve replacement. Mitral valve repair should be considered the first line of treatment for mitral regurgitation in younger patients, mitral valve prolapse, annular dilatation, and with structural damage to the valve. Several minimally invasive percutaneous treatment options for mitral valve repair are available that are not restricted to conventional surgical approaches, and may be better received by patients. A useful classification system of these approaches proposed by Chiam and Ruiz is based on anatomic targets and device action upon the leaflets, annulus, chordae, and left ventricle. Future directions of minimally invasive techniques will include improving the safety profile through patient selection and risk stratification, improvement of current imaging and techniques, and multidisciplinary education.

  18. 试论名词非范畴化的转喻机制%On Metonymy as the Cognitive Mechanism of Noun De-Categorization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李振

    2014-01-01

    运用Ruiz de Mendoza(2002)和Heine(1991)的转喻观点,分析了名词非范畴化的认知机制.研究发现,名词非范畴化发生的基本认知机制,是通过激活类概念的主域来指称或说明想要表达的次域中的概念;同时次域中的语义焦点,要结合具体语境通过转喻的视角化来突显.本研究运用转喻理论为名词非范畴化的认知机制做出了统一解释.

  19. a los psicólogos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maritza Ruiz

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se muestran los resultados de una investigación realizada para determinar las competencias laborales exigidas a los Psicólogos en el medio laboral actual. Participaron 60 egresados quienes a través de un cuestionario (Ruiz, Jaraba & Romero, 2005 dieron cuenta de los conocimientos, habilidades y actitudes que se le demandan a los profesionales del área de la Psicología. En términos generales según los datos encontrados, la formación de los psicólogos basada en competencias, implica el conocimiento de principios psicológicos fundamentales y herramientas tecnológicas, habilidades obligatorias que facilitan el trabajo en las condiciones actuales, así como solucionar problemas, tener iniciativa, etc., y ciertas actitudes que muestren la calidad humana y ética del profesional

  20. El pintor José Rodríguez Carnero (1649-1725). Nuevas noticias y bosquejo biográfico

    OpenAIRE

    Rogelio Ruiz GOMAR

    1997-01-01

    Un pintor con dos nombres, una vida dividida entre las dos ciudades principales de la Nueva España: la biografía de José Rodríguez Carnero, en efecto, parece atravesada por un abismo sutil pero infranqueable. En este artículo, Rogelio Ruiz Gomar muestra claramente los vínculos entre ambas porciones de esa vida, funde en un solo perso-naje los nombres de José Rodríguez de los Santos y José Rodríguez Carnero, y aun sugiere una relación directa entre la organización gremial de los pintores y dor...

  1. Acerca da guerra e da paz nas crônicas jesuíticas das reduções: o caso da conquista espiritual de Montoya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martins, Maria Cristina Bohn

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available As fontes jesuíticas são um importante veículo para a compreensão de vários aspectos da história das atividades missionárias dos inacianos e de sua interação com os nativos do novo mundo. Este trabalho analisa as percepções elaboradas sobre o tema "guerra e paz" na crônica do padre Antônio Ruiz de Montoya, escrita no momento em que violentas incursões bandeirantes ameaçavam a própria existência das reduções

  2. On the classification of nonsimple graph C*-algebras

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eilers, Søren; Tomforde, Mark

    2010-01-01

    We prove that a graph C*-algebra with exactly one proper nontrivial ideal is classified up to stable isomorphism by its associated six-term exact sequence in K-theory. We prove that a similar classification also holds for a graph C*-algebra with a largest proper ideal that is an AF-algebra. Our...... results are based on a general method developed by the first named author with Restorff and Ruiz. As a key step in the argument, we show how to produce stability for certain full hereditary subalgebras associated to such graph C*-algebras. We further prove that, except under trivial circumstances......, a unique proper nontrivial ideal in a graph C*-algebra is stable....

  3. Perception of stress among aviation flight students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattacharya, Amrita

    There have been many studies related to stress among college students and the purpose of this research was to determine what causes stress among the student pilots enrolled in the Middle Tennessee State University (MTSU) flight program, also to find out what students think could be some possible ways to reduce their stress, and to compare the results with a previous study conducted by South Illinois University. The survey designed by Robertson and Ruiz (2010) was administered to MTSU students so that a comparison could be done between MTSU and SIU, as SIU used the same survey form. Results of the study showed that flight students are exposed to similar stress at both universities, but some of the factors that cause stress are different between MTSU and SIU students.

  4. A non-classical view of the modulation of mineral precipitation by organic additives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz-Agudo, Encarnacion; Ruiz-Agudo, Cristina; Burgos-Cara, Alejandro; Putnis, Christine; Rodriguez-Navarro, Carlos; Putnis, Andrew

    2016-04-01

    Questions persist on the mechanisms of crystallization of sparingly soluble minerals such as calcium carbonate, calcium oxalate or barium sulphate. Compared to CaCO3, the mechanisms of nucleation and growth in the CaC2O4-H2O or BaSO4-H2O systems have received less attention. These phases are important due to their relevance as biominerals and/or unwanted mineral deposits in technological applications. Growing evidence suggests that sparingly soluble salts form by non-classical nucleation and growth pathways, where pre-nucleation ion associates and amorphous (solid or liquid) precursor phase(s) play a critical role (e.g. Rodríguez-Navarro et al. (2015), Ruiz-Agudo et al. (2015)). Indeed the identification of pre-nucleation species in these systems and their strong interactions with organic compounds (Verch et al. 2011) raises the possibility that the control of organics on biomineralization may begin even earlier than previously thought. A sound knowledge of the physical mechanisms by which acidic macromolecules affect nucleation and early growth may offer general insights concerning the molecular control of biomineralization, as well as being critical for improving strategies to control unwanted mineral deposition or for the synthesis of biomimetic materials. Here we present investigations on the initial stages of the precipitation of these relevant minerals in organic-free solutions to identify the precipitation pathway and to look for any potential precursor phase(s) to the final, crystalline polymorph. As well, we explore the effects that several acidic organic compounds have on the different precipitation stages identified. We find that organic additives such as citric acid, polyacrilic acid or a commercial copolymer of maleic acid/allyl sulfonic acid with phosphonate groups can be active at modifying pre-nucleation stages (destabilizing of pre-nucleation species or hampering the aggregation and growth of pre-nucleation associates) and subsequently strongly

  5. Concentration gradients at the mineral-solution interface: implications for understanding dissolution mechanisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz-Agudo, Encarnacion; Patiño-López, Luis David; Putnis, Christine V.; Rodriguez-Navarro, Carlos; Putnis, Andrew

    2014-05-01

    Dissolution is a key process in fluid-rock interactions, such as in chemical weathering, CO2 carbonation reactions, metasomatism, and metamorphism. Many multicomponent rock-forming minerals are reported to dissolve incongruently, because the elemental molar ratios, measured in the fluid during dissolution experiments, that differ from those in the solid. This frequently results in the formation of chemically and structurally altered zones at the fluid-solid interface of varying thickness that are depleted in some elements relative to the bulk mineral composition. Although the mechanisms of the formation of these altered layers is still a matter of debate (see e.g. Ruiz-Agudo et al. 2012 and Schott et al. 2012), recent AFM studies on the dissolution of two multicomponent minerals, dolomite, Ca0.5Mg0.5CO3 (Urosevic et al. 2012), and wollastonite, CaSiO3 (Ruiz-Agudo et al. 2012), provide experimental evidence showing that these layers are formed in a two-step process: (i) stoichiometric dissolution of the pristine mineral surfaces and (ii) precipitation of a secondary phase. This occurs despite the fact that the bulk solution is undersaturated with respect to such a phase. It has been suggested that after stoichiometric dissolution of the mineral, a boundary layer of fluid in contact with the surface becomes supersaturated with respect to a secondary phase that then precipitates. Here we present in situ observations of the evolution of the fluid composition at the interface during dissolution in acidic solutions (pH 1.5) of dolomite and wollastonite using real-time phase-shift interferometry. We show that immediately when the sparingly soluble dolomite or wollastonite crystals are in contact with the solution, the refractive index of the solution at the crystal surface sharply increases. A steep refractive index gradient (i.e., concentration gradient) develops as a consequence of mineral dissolution producing an interfacial fluid with a different composition to the

  6. Reviews of recent publications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Sara Lennox. Cemetery of the Murdered Daughters: Feminism, History, and Ingeborg Bachmann by Kristin T. Vander Lugt Birgit Tautz. Reading and Seeing Ethnic Differences in the Enlightenment: From China to Africa by Susanne Kelley Patrick Greaney. Untimely Beggar. Poverty and Power from Baudelaire to Benjamin by Christine Rinne Philip Payne, Graham Bartram, and Galin Tihanov, eds. A Companion to the Works of Robert Musil by Geoffrey C. Howes Jennifer Willging. Telling Anxiety: Anxious Narration in the Work of Marguerite Duras, Annie Ernaux, Nathalie Sarraute and Anne Hébert by Natalie Edwards Michael Lucey. Never Say I: Sexuality and the First Person in Colette, Gide, and Proust by Elissa Gelfand Anthony Waine. Changing Cultural Tastes. Writers and the Popular in Modern Germany by Katrin Völkner Susan Ireland and Patrice Proulx, eds. Textualizing the Immigrant Experience in Contemporary Quebec by Amy Hubbell Cristina Peri Rossi. State of Exile . Trans. Marilyn Buck. by Reina Ruiz

  7. El infante huérfano. Escrituras que apuntan al mito en el cine español tras la Guerra Civil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Universidad de Santiago de Compostela. José Luis Castro de Paz

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available By tackling with the analysis of some film writings pointing at the myth, this paper addresses the particular stylisation of a sort of Spanish cinema that, from the Civil War up to now, (from Las inquietudes de Shanti-Andía,Arturo Ruiz Castillo 1946, and La sirena negra, Carlos Serrano de Osma, 1947 to Vida en sombras, LorenzoLlobet-Grácia, 1948 and Un hombre va por el camino, Manuel Mur Oti, 1949; from the Mexican-Spanish film Enel balcón vacío, Jomí García Ascot, 1962 to El espirítu de la colmena, Victor Erice, 1973 and MadreGilda, Francisco Regueiro, 1993 try to shape certain semantic questions in connection with the father's absence and theresulting heartbreaking psychic consequences to the orphan child.

  8. The Mexican political fracture and the 1954 coup in Guatemala (The beginnings of the cold war in Latin America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loaeza, Soledad

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article challenges two general assumptions that have guided the study of Mexican foreign policy in the last four decades. First, that from this policy emerges national consensus; and, secondly that between Mexico and the US there is a “special relation” thanks to which Mexico has been able to develop an autonomous foreign policy. The two assumptions are discussed in light of the impact on Mexican domestic politics of the 1954 USsponsored military coup against the government of government of Guatemala. In Mexico, the US intervention reopened a political fracture that had first appeared in the 1930’s, as a result of President Cárdenas’radical policies that divided Mexican society. These divisions were barely dissimulated by the nationalist doctrine adopted by the government. The Guatemalan Crisis brought some of them into the open. The Mexican President, Adolfo Ruiz Cortines’ priority was the preservation of political stability. He feared the US government might feel the need to intervene in Mexico to prevent a serious disruption of the status quo. Thus, Ruiz Cortines found himself in a delicate position in which he had to solve the conflicts derived from a divided elite and a fractured society, all this under the pressure of US’ expectations regarding a secure southern border.Este artículo ofrece una discusión crítica de dos presupuestos generales que han orientado el estudio de la política exterior mexicana en las últimas cuatro décadas. Primero, que la política exterior es forjadora de un consenso nacional; y segundo, que entre México y Estados Unidos existe una relación especial que le ha permitido a México desarrollar una política exterior independiente. Ambos presupuestos se analizan a la luz del impacto del golpe militar que patrocinó el gobierno de Estados Unidos contra el gobierno de Guatemala en 1954. En México, la intervención de Estados Unidos en Guatemala provocó la reapertura de una fractura pol

  9. Optics outreach activities with elementary school kids from public education in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viera-González, P.; Sánchez-Guerrero, G.; Ruiz-Mendoza, J.; Cárdenas-Ortiz, G.; Ceballos-Herrera, D.; Selvas-Aguilar, R.

    2014-09-01

    This work shows the results obtained from the "O4K" Project supported by International Society for Optics and Photonis (SPIE) and the Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon (UANL) through its SPIE Student Chapter and the Dr. Juan Carlos Ruiz-Mendoza, outreach coordinator of the Facultad de Ciencias Fisico Matematicas of the UANL. Undergraduate and graduate students designed Optics representative activities using easy-access materials that allow the interaction of children with optics over the exploration, observation and experimentation, taking as premise that the best way to learn Science is the interaction with it. Several activities were realized through the 2011-2013 events with 1,600 kids with ages from 10 to 12; the results were analyzed using surveys. One of the principal conclusions is that in most of the cases the children changed their opinions about Sciences in a positive way.

  10. Web 2.0 usage among New Zealand learners: Findings on gender difference

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ning Wei

    Full Text Available In this paper, gender differences in Web 2.0 usage by postgraduate students in New Zealand are presented. 84 postgraduate students drawn from two different convenience samples were surveyed to discover the extent to which they used and were familiar with Web 2.0 applications. According to Cuadrado-García, Ruiz-Molina and Montoro-Pons (2010, p. 367, \\"men and women differ in their interaction with technology\\". In this study, gender differences in the use of different Web 2.0 applications and technologies have been considered. Whilst findings from this study are limited by the way in which the populations were sampled, the sample size and having a majority of international students with English as a second language, it is interesting to note that there were only minor differences between the ways in which male and female postgraduate students use Web 2.0 applications.

  11. Journalism, Caricature and Satirical Drawings in Early Picasso (1891–1895: The Awakening of Pablo Ruiz’s Critical Consciousness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    X. Antón Castro

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available In Pablo Picasso’s formative period in A Coruña (1891–1895, where he was born as an artist, the child and pre-adolescent who at that time signed himself as Pablo Ruiz, already knowing he was a genius, pursued an intense programme of creative activity while devoting himself to drawing and painting. Making use of his facility for reproducing the world around him in images, he also proved to be an incipient devotee of journalism as an instrument of communication and social awareness, a satirical draughtsman and caricaturist, seeking to give his version of events, in line with the magazines and newspapers of the period, and displaying a critical ability unusual in a child, a committed gaze, not devoid of humour and sarcasm, which prefigures the later Picasso with his progressive views, acute intelligence, meta-ironic approach and support for great causes.

  12. ANÁLISIS PSICOMÉTRICO DEL CUESTIONARIO DE CREENCIAS ACTITUDINALES SOBRE EL COMPORTAMIENTO SUICIDA EN POBLACIÓN ADOLESCENTE EN ENTRE RÍOS, ARGENTINA/ PSYCHOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF ATTITUDINAL BELIEFS QUESTIONNAIRE ABOUT SUICIDAL BEHAVIOR IN ADOLESCENT POPULATION FROM ENTRE RÍOS, ARGENTINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego A. Desuque*

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available RESUMENAl trabajar con adolescentes con síntomas de depresión y/o ideación de suicidio, es valioso para el profesional evaluarlos pensamientos orientados hacia el suicidio. El disponer de un instrumento que mida las cogniciones de los jóvenes, esuna herramienta útil para la investigación, prevención y tratamiento de adolescentes con esta problemática. Sin embargo,no se cuenta en nuestro medio con una prueba para tal fin. Teniendo en cuenta que las pruebas verbales de evaluaciónpsicológica, son sensibles a cambios culturales, debiera evitarse su utilización fuera del contexto en que han sido diseñadasy validadas sin un estudio previo de su funcionamiento. El objetivo de este trabajo fue estudiar las propiedadespsicométricas del CCCS-18 (Ruiz Hernández, Navarro-Ruiz, Torrente Hernández, & Rodríguez González, 2005 en poblaciónargentina. La versión española del instrumento fue administrada a 122 sujetos pertenecientes a tres instituciones educativasde nivel secundario. La edad promedio fue de 16.06 años. Para evaluar la fiabilidad de la prueba en cuanto a su consistenciainterna, se calculó el alpha de Cronbach, obteniendo un valor satisfactorio (0,86 para la escala general. En cuanto a lavalidez, se realizó un análisis factorial exploratorio, encontrando tres dimensiones que operacionalizarían el constructo.Este modelo fue contrastado con el de cuatro factores, propuestos por los autores del test, a través de un análisis factorialconfirmatorio. Los resultados indicaron que el modelo de tres factores ajusta mejor a los datos. En conclusión, se encontróque la prueba posee adecuadas propiedades psicométricas para su utilización en población argentina.ABSTRACTWhen working with teenagers that present depressive and/or suicidal ideation symptoms, the evaluation and detectionof thoughts oriented to suicide is very important for the mental health professional. Having an instrument that measuresyouth’s cognition towards

  13. Relación entre la insafisfacción con la imagen corporal, autoestima, autoconcepto físico y la composición corporal en el alumnado de segundo ciclo de Educación Secundaria de la ciudad de Alicante

    OpenAIRE

    Estévez Díaz, Manuel

    2013-01-01

    Hoy en día se considera probado que la actividad física y la práctica deportiva guardan relación directa con el autoconcepto y que dicha relación es bidireccional (Balaguer & García Merita, 1994; Goñi & Zulaika, 2000; Goñi, Ruiz de Azúa & Rodríguez, 2004). Pero esta afirmación tiene que ser matizada ya que también se sabe, por ejemplo, que no derivan sin más efectos beneficiosos de toda actividad física, que se han encontrado asociaciones entre la insatisfacción corporal y el ejercicio excesi...

  14. GENIE implementation of IFIC Valencia model for QE-like 2p2h neutrino-nucleus cross section

    CERN Document Server

    Schwehr, J; Gran, R

    2016-01-01

    The model by Nieves, Ruiz-Simo, and Vicente-Vacas and their group (IFIC, Valencia, Spain) for 2p2h reactions that produce QE-like (no pion) final states has been implemented in GENIE. Since the model currently does not predict the kinematics of the outgoing hadrons, a simple two-nucleon system is grafted onto the model's prediction of isospin, energy transfer, and momentum transfer. These two nucleons are then given to the GENIE FSI models. This whitepaper is a guide to the kind of information available from this model and some limitations. There are several figures that illustrate the output of the model, and detailed discussion of the physics context for this model. Finally, any other authors' model (or variations of this one) that can be expressed as hadronic tensors for total and pn initial state will be easy to incorporate into this framework.

  15. Desempeño de negocios de artesanía después del movimiento social de 2006 en Oaxaca, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José de la Paz Hernández Girón

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar la relación entre ambiente hostil y desempeño en 74 negocios de artesanía. Se pone a prueba un modelo en el que se supone que las estrategias de supervivencia que utilizaron los artesanos para enfrentar un ambiente social, económica y políticamente hostil, generado por el enfrentamiento entre el gobernador Ulises Ruiz y la Asamblea Popular de los Pueblos de Oaxaca (appo, modifican la relación entre el ambiente hostil y el desempeño de los negocios de artesanía. De acuerdo a los resultados obtenidos, la crisis del sistema económico, las presiones regulatorias y la corrupción se correlacionan significativa y negativamente con el desempeño de los negocios de artesanía.

  16. Dancing in the sun: The musical as touristic hook in ‘Honeymoon’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidia Merás

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The British/Spanish co-production Honeymoon (Luna de miel, Michael Powell, 1959 is a curious case of an export for foreign audiences that won the Technical Grand Prize at the Cannes Film Festival yet was a commercial failure. Taking this now forgotten film as a case study, we will investigate the musical genre from a transnational perspective. Recently restored to its original length, Honeymoon includes compositions by Manuel de Falla and Sarasate, as well as performances by ballet dancer Ludmilla Tchérina and Spanish dance star Antonio (Ruiz Soler, both choreographed by Léonide Massine. We examine the interplay between national and transnational elements in a musical that tries to emulate the success of The Red Shoes (Michael Powell, Emeric Pressburger, 1948 by putting it in the context of the Spanish cultural and economic policies of promoting the country.

  17. Libros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Mansilla Izquierdo

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Iñaki PIÑUEL. MOBBING. MANUAL DE AUTOAYUDA Claves para reconocer y superar el acoso psicológico en el trabajo. Editorial AGUILAR. Buenos Aires. 2003. 258 págs. Fernando Mansilla N. González, F. Cervilla, F. Pereña, V. Mira, A. María Cabrera, C. Gallano, P. Ruiz, I. Cortijo CLÍNICA DE LA INFANCIA ¿Qué niños hay para mañana? Ediciones del Colegio de Psicoanálisis de Madrid. Madrid. 2003. 130 págs. Fernando Mansilla. Programa de Autoformación de Psicoterapia de Respuestas Traumáticas. Francisco Chicharro

  18. Relaciones históricas entre las variables aleatoria y estadística y sus repercusiones didácticas

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz, Blanca

    2014-01-01

    A través de 8 etapas históricas, en Ruiz (2013) se describe el proceso constitutivo de la variable aleatoria. En ellas también se observa el desarrollo histórico de la variable estadística y las vinculaciones entre las experiencias empíricas dadas a través del análisis de datos de variables estadísticas y la teorización en el campo de la probabilidad. Las interacciones entre estos dos ámbitos no respondieron sólo a una necesidad de herramienta matemática en los análisis de datos sino se diero...

  19. La apropiación de la lengua escrita en el ciclo de transición con base en la filosofía del lenguaje intregal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocío Carmona Mendoza

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta una investigación realizada sobre la apropiación de la lengua escrita en el ciclo de transición con fundamento en la filosofía del lenguaje integral. Con base en dicha filosofía, y el referente teórico de diversos autores como Piaget, Vigotsky, Ruiz y Gómez Palacios, entre otros, se plantea una serie de estrategias por realizar en la labor docente. De esa manera estimular los cuatros procesos del lenguaje: habla, escucha, lectura y escritura. Asimismo, se presentan los resultados obtenidos en cada uno de los procesos con el grupo con el que se trabajó.

  20. Artificial Food Support for Lutra lutra in a River in Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruiz-Olmo J.

    1993-02-01

    Full Text Available Artificial Food Support for Lutra lutra in a River in SpainPages 34 - 36 (ReportJordi Ruiz-OlmoIn the Spanish Pyrenees, otters are only present in six rivers, and populations are fragmented by hydrological schemes, and high, dry mountains. Because of the great water level fluctuations caused by hydroelectricity generation, fish levels often drop very low, endangering the otters. It was decided to restock one of the rivers, the Noguera Ribagorçana, with two species found below the dams and thus native to the river, which are better able to cope with high fluctuations in water level. An ongoing monitoring program shows otters are using this new resource.

  1. [Lamellodiscus sanfilippoi n. sp. (Monogenea, Diplectanidae) parasite from the gills of Diplodus sargus (Teleostei, Sparidae) in Mediterranean Sea].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amine, F; Neifar, L; Euzet, L

    2006-03-01

    Lamellodiscus sanfilippoi n. sp. takes place, among the other species of Lamellodiscus, in the "ergensi" sub-group (Amine et Euzet, 2005) characterized by the morphology of the dorsal lateral bars of the haptor. This sub-group comprises, in the Mediterranean, L. ergensi Euzet and Oliver, 1966, L. kechemirae Amine and Euzet, 2005, L. tomentosus Amine and Euzet, 2005, all parasite of Diplodus sargus, and L. baeri Oliver, 1974 parasite of Pagrus pagrus. L. sanfilippoi can be distinguished from the previous species by the morphology and size of the dorsal lateral bars. The new species is close to Lamellodiscus furcillatus Kritsky, Jiménez-Ruiz and Sey, 2000, a parasite of Diplodus noct in the Persian Gulf, but differs by the size of the haptoral sclerotised pieces and the morphology of the male copulatory apparatus. Lamellodiscus gussevi Sanfilippo (1978) et Lamellodiscus abbreviatus Sanfilippo (1978) are considered as nomina nuda.

  2. Memòria pública i debat polític a Barcelona (1931-1936

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Sánchez Costa

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Tesis doctoral dirigida por Alfons Puigarnau y codirigida por José Olives (ambos de la Universitat Internacional de Catalunya. Fue defendida el 6 de julio de 2011 en la Universitat Internacional de Catalunya y obtuvo la calificación de excelente cum laude por unanimidad. Formaban el tribunal los doctores Jean-Louis Guereña (U. François Rabelais, Tours, Presidente del tribunal, José Enrique Ruiz-Domènec (U. Autònoma de Barcelona, Enrique Banús (U. Internacional de Catalunya, Stéphane Michonneau (École des Hautes Études Hispaniques-Casa de Velázquez, Madrid, Jaume Aurell (Universidad de Navarra.

  3. Data documenting the potential distribution of Aedes aegypti in the center of Veracruz, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Israel Estrada-Contreras

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The data presented in this article are related to the research article entitled “Establishment of Aedes aegypti (L. in mountainous regions in Mexico: Increasing number of population at risk of mosquito-borne disease and future climate conditions” (M. Equihua, S. Ibáñez-Bernal, G. Benítez, I. Estrada-Contreras, C.A. Sandoval-Ruiz, F.S. Mendoza-Palmero, 2016 [1]. This article provides presence records in shapefile format used to generate maps of potential distribution of Aedes aegypti with different climate change scenarios as well as each of the maps obtained in raster format. In addition, tables with values of potential distribution of the vector as well as the average values of probability of presence including data of the mosquito incidence along the altitudinal range.

  4. Autoconcepto y deporte extraescolar en preadolescentes valencianos

    OpenAIRE

    García Grau, Pau

    2011-01-01

    1.Introducción Numerosos estudios han evidenciado que la práctica deportiva además de los beneficios físicos proporciona una mejora en el desarrollo del autoconcepto tanto físico como general (Goñi, Ruiz de Azua y Rodríguez,2004 y Moreno y Cervelló, 2005) y el desarrollo de conductas más saludables (Balaguer y García-Merita, 1994; Pastor, Balaguer y García Merita, 2008; Goñi y Rodríguez, 2004, 2007; Contreras, Gil, Fernández y Pastor, 2010). Se define el autoconcepto como "una constru...

  5. La evaluación de la calidad de contenidos y su repercusión en el ámbito de las revistas científicas de biblioteconomía y documentación: algunas recomendaciones a editores y autores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José López Yepes

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Son diversos los indicadores empleados para la correcta evaluación de las revistas científicas deBiblioteconomía y Documentación; los más decisivos afectan la calidad de los contenidos y la repercusiónde las conclusiones de los artículos en la comunidad científica. En el presente trabajo seexamina el manual de evaluación, de los profesores Delgado López-Cózar, Ruiz Pérez y JiménezContreras y se presenta la aplicación del método de análisis cualitativo de citas como aportación quetrata de fijar las ideas científicas citadas y obtenidas en los artículos como base para proponer otrosindicadores de calidad.

  6. Experimental study of periodic flow effects on spanwise vortex

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia Molina, Cruz Daniel; Lopez Sanchez, Erick Javier; Ruiz Chavarria, Gerardo; Medina Ovando, Abraham

    2014-11-01

    We present an experimental study about the spanwise vortex produced in a flow going out of a channel in shallow waters. This vortex travels in front of the dipole. The velocity field measurement was done using the PIV technique, and DPIVsoft (https://www.irphe.fr/ ~meunier/) was used for data processing. In this case the flow has a periodic forcing to simulate ocean tides. The experiment was conducted in a channel with variable width and the measurements were made using three different values of the aspect ratio width-depth. We present results of the position, circulation of this spanwise vortex and the flow inversion effect. The change of flow direction modify the intensity of the vortex, but it does not destroy it. The vertical components of the velocity field contributes particle transport. G. Ruiz Chavarria, E. J. Lopez Sanchez and C. D. Garcia Molina acknowledge DGAPA-UNAM by support under project IN 116312 (Vorticidad y ondas no lineales en fluidos).

  7. A Detailed Spectroscopic and Photometric Analysis of DQ White Dwarfs

    CERN Document Server

    Dufour, P; Fontaine, G

    2005-01-01

    We present an analysis of spectroscopic and photometric observations of cool DQ white dwarfs based on improved model atmosphere calculations. In particular, we revise the atmospheric parameters of the trigonometric parallax sample of Bergeron, Leggett, & Ruiz, and discuss the astrophysical implications on the temperature scale and mean mass, as well as the chemical evolution of these stars. We also analyze 40 new DQ stars discovered in the first data release of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. Our analysis confirms that effective temperatures derived from model atmospheres including carbon are significantly lower than the temperatures obtained from pure helium models. Similarly the mean mass of the trigonometric parallax sample, = 0.62 Mo, is significantly lower than that obtained from pure helium models, = 0.73 Mo, and more consistent with the spectroscopic mean mass of DB stars, = 0.59 Mo, the most likely progenitors of DQ white dwarfs. We find that DQ stars form a remarkably well defined sequence in a ...

  8. [Leaf anatomy study in Solanaceae of Venezuela. V. leaf anatomy of eleven species of Cestrum L] .

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jáuregul, D; Rodriguez, N; Benítez, C E

    2000-01-01

    Leaf anatomy of the following eleven species: C. buxifolium Kunth, C. humboldtii Francey, C. lindenii Dunal, C. mariquitense Kunth, C. megalophyllum Dunal, C. olivaceum Francey, C. pariense Steyerm., C petiolare Kunth, C. scandans Vahl, C. strigilatum Ruiz et Pavón and C. tomentosum L.f. is described. Transverse sectioning, bruise and clearing according to the classical methods for optical microscopy were made. The species studied show dissimilitude in relation to a) fohar blade: thickness and sinuosity of epidermal cell walls; type, density and presence of trichornes, leaf type according the position of the stomata, thickness of both palisade and spongy parenchy-ma, number of spongy parenchyma layers, occurrence or not of paranchymatous sheath and sclerifled cells in mesophyll, tmbeculae or projection walls b) Midvein: degree of development and arrangement of the parenchyma and collenchyma, c) Petiole: size and form in transverse section, presence of ornamented cuticle, peridermis and degree of development of the sclerenctiyma next to vascular bundles.

  9. Erosion and marginalization in Pahuatlán municipality, Puebla: A binomial of causality?

    OpenAIRE

    Rosalía Castelán Vega; Gladys Linares Fleites; Víctor Tamaríz Flores; Jesús Ruiz Careaga

    2011-01-01

    Entender la interacción entre deterioro ambiental y marginación es esencial para formular políticas públicas que combinen objetivos sociales y ambientales. Por lo que este trabajo tiene como objetivo contribuir al establecimiento del vínculo entre erosión y marginación en el municipio de Pahuatlán, Puebla. La erosión se evaluó según la metodología de la FAO y Ruiz y colaboradores; la marginación se determinó con la metodología del Consejo Nacional de Población (CONAPO) e indicadores del Insti...

  10. 可冷加工成板材的α/β钛合金

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄文梅(摘译)

    2010-01-01

    Allegheny Technologies Inc.在一篇文章中谈到,冷加工的ATI425钛合金板材是一种新型的α/β钛合金,其强度可与Ti6/4合金媲美。LuisJ.Ruiz-Aparicio在AeroMat2010会议上对这种合金进行讨论。ATI425具有热可锻性和冷可锻性,是航空航天和国防应用的最佳选择。合金的全面的机械性能使它的应用领域十分广泛,

  11. [Mental health and stress by acculturation in immigrants from South America in northern Chile].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urzúa M, Alfonso; Heredia B, Osvaldo; Caqueo-Urízar, Alejandra

    2016-05-01

    Coping with changes brought about by immigration and social circumstances that often characterize this process may cause mental health problems. To analyze the relationship between acculturation stress and mental health symptoms in South American immigrants residing in Antofagasta, Chile. The OQ questionnaire, which assesses mental health and the acculturation stress questionnaire from Ruiz, were answered by 431 immigrants (53.8% Colombian and 46.2% Peruvian) aged between 18 and 65 years old. The major source of acculturation stress was distance from origin, followed by difficulties in social relationships and perceived discrimination and rejection. About 50% of respondents had elevated levels of discomfort in their life, with mental health problems derived from their adjustment to social roles and relationships. There was a high correlation between acculturation stress levels and severity of mental health symptoms. Immigrants are exposed to high levels of stress resulting in a negative impact on their mental health.

  12. Autoconcepto y deporte extraescolar en preadolescentes valencianos

    OpenAIRE

    García Grau, Pau

    2011-01-01

    1.Introducción Numerosos estudios han evidenciado que la práctica deportiva además de los beneficios físicos proporciona una mejora en el desarrollo del autoconcepto tanto físico como general (Goñi, Ruiz de Azua y Rodríguez,2004 y Moreno y Cervelló, 2005) y el desarrollo de conductas más saludables (Balaguer y García-Merita, 1994; Pastor, Balaguer y García Merita, 2008; Goñi y Rodríguez, 2004, 2007; Contreras, Gil, Fernández y Pastor, 2010). Se define el autoconcepto como "una constru...

  13. Reviews of engineering’s most notable milestones in Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomás Turriago

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This section presents some outlines describing the advances made by engineering in Colombia. Turriago begins the section by describing aspects regarding the history of petrol in Colombia until the middle of the 20th century. René Andrés Meziat Restrepo then gives a summary of his book entitled GestiónAmbiental—Obras Civiles y Construcciones (Environmental Management–Civil Work and Construction and Hernando Monroy Valencia describes the development of Colombian construction-related engineering whilst Augusto Ruiz Corredor closes the section with a report about pre-stressed concrete bridges in Colombia. These reviews provide readers with an opportunity to learn more about part of the role which engineering has played in Colombia’s development.

  14. Actas de las I Jornadas de Bibliotecas y Centros de Documentación sobre mundo árabe e Islam

    OpenAIRE

    Navarro Suárez, Francisco José; Navarro Palazón, Julio

    1995-01-01

    ÍNDICE: 1. Mª Dolores Oliver Pérez: Ibn 'Arabi y Miguel Asín: comentario a una exposición. P. 11. 2. Francisco Fuster Ruiz: Servicios al investigador de una biblioteca especializada. P. 23. 3. Victoria Aguilar: Bibliotecas en la kora de Tudmir. P. 37. 4. Paz Fernández: Acceso a la documentación sobre mundo árabe e Islam contemporáneo. P. 51. 5. Mª Jesús Viguera Molins: Estructuras del nombre árabe y del título de los libros en lengua árabe. P. 59. 6. Susana Peña Jiménez: Pro...

  15. Coronal Neutrino Emission in Hypercritical Accretion Flows

    CERN Document Server

    Kawabata, R; Kawanaka, N

    2007-01-01

    Hypercritical accretion flows onto stellar mass black holes (BHs) are commonly considered as a promising model of central engines of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). In this model a certain fraction of gravitational binding energy of accreting matter is deposited to the energy of relativistic jets via neutrino annihilation and/or magnetic fields. However, some recent studies have indicated that the energy deposition rate by neutrino annihilation is somewhat smaller than that needed to power a GRB. To overcome this difficulty, Ramirez-Ruiz & Socrates (2005) proposed that high energy neutrinos from hot corona above the accretion disk might enhance the efficiency of energy deposition. We elucidate the disk corona model in the context of hypercritical accretion flows. From the energy balance in the disk and the corona, we can calculate the disk and coronal temperature, Td and Tc, and neutrino spectra, taking into account the neutrino cooling processes by neutrino-electron scatterings and neutrino pair productions. Th...

  16. Systematics of the genus Gnathostoma (Nematoda: Gnathostomatidae in the Americas Sistemática del género Gnathostoma (Nematoda: Gnathostomatidae en América

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florencia Bertoni-Ruiz

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available To date, more than 20 species of the genus Gnathostoma have been described as parasites of mammals, 9 of them in the Americas. However, the taxonomic status of some of these species has been questioned. The main goal of this study is to clarify the validity of the American species included in the genus. In order to complete this objective, we analyze type and/or voucher specimens of all these species deposited in 6 scientific collections, through morphometric and ultrastructural studies. Based on diagnostic traits as host specificity, site of infection, body size, cuticular spines, presence of 1 or 2 bulges in the polar ends of eggs, as well as eggshell and caudal bursa morphology, we re-establish Gnathostoma socialis (Leidy, 1858 and confirm the validity of other 6 species: Gnathostoma turgidum Stossich, 1902, Gnathostoma americanum Travassos, 1925, Gnathostoma procyonis Chandler, 1942, Gnathostoma miyazakii Anderson, 1964, Gnathostoma binucleatum Almeyda-Artigas, 1991, and Gnathostoma lamothei Bertoni-Ruiz, García-Prieto, Osorio-Sarabia and León-Règagnon, 2005. Gnathostoma didelphis Chandler, 1932 and Gnathostoma brasiliensis Ruiz, 1952 are considered synonyms of G. turgidum. Finally, based on a wide revision of specimens deposited in 6 American collections, we conclude that records of Gnathostoma spinigerum Owen, 1836 in the Americas are invalid.A la fecha, se han descrito más de 20 especies del género Gnathostoma parásitas de mamíferos, 9 de ellas en America. Sin embargo, el estado taxonómico de algunas ha sido cuestionado. El objetivo de este estudio es aclarar la validez de las especies americanas incluidas en el género. Para ello, se analizaron ejemplares tipo o de referencia de todas las especies, depositados en 6 colecciones científicas, mediante estudios morfométricos y ultraestructurales. Con base en rasgos diagnósticos como especificidad hospedatoria, sitio de infección, dimensiones corporales, espinas cuticulares (n

  17. QUALITY OF LIFE AND ASSOCIATED PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS IN PATIENTS WITH FUNCTIONAL DYSPEPSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ERIKA CANO

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work was to investigate relationships between life quality, ways of coping, personality and socialsupport in a sample of 60 participants (43 women and 17 men with a diagnosis of non-ulcer dyspepsia, ranging in agefrom 18 to 60 years. We used self-report questionnaires of life quality (Dyspepsia Related Health Scale, QOLPE-I; Ruiz etal., 2000, ways of coping (Cuestionario de Afrontamiento del Estrés, CAE; Sandin & Chorot, 2003, personality (EysenckPersonality Questionnaire Revised-Abbreviated, EPQR-A; Sandin et al., 2002, and social support (cuestionario de ApoyoSocial, [AS]; Matud, 1998. Significant differences were found on ways of coping related to problem solving, positivereappraisal and evitation.

  18. Azorín y la política: testigo y parte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Selva Roca de Togores

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Pocas veces un seudónimo ha suplantado tan definitiva y rotundamente el nombre verdadero de un escritor como en el caso de Azorín. La elección del seudónimo fue, no cabe duda, un ingrediente esencial en la máscara que se diseñó José Martínez Ruiz cuando –superados sus radicalismos anarquizantes juveniles– decidió comparecer en la vida pública con un perfil bien definido. No deja de ser curioso que el seudónimo lo estrenase en la primera crónica parlamentaria publicada en el diario España, rec...

  19. 书中之书

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷以蒂

    2010-01-01

    一九九三年,西班牙小说家卡洛斯·鲁伊斯·萨丰(Carlos Ruiz Zafon)出版了他的处女作,少年小说《迷雾王子》。接下来的六年里,他陆续出版了其他三本少年小说,但是直到二○○一年《风之影》出版才给他带来世界性的声誉,这部"充满吸引力、想象力,而且结构扎实的作品,让人回忆起年少时期沉浸于阅读

  20. 以书说书——评西班牙作家萨锋的小说《风之影》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于静

    2006-01-01

    @@ 每隔几年西语文坛上就会冒出一本引起世界文坛关注的小说,最近引领风骚的就是这本.作者卡洛斯·鲁易斯·萨锋(Carlos Ruiz Zafon)不能说名不见经传,但也称不上知名.于1964年生于西班牙巴塞罗那的他,开始是以写电影剧本起家,后来专攻少年文学.1993年凭借获得少儿文学奖,他的另外几部儿童作品:、和也都深受少年读者的喜欢.