Sample records for barc

  1. BARC solution for burn injuries

    CERN Multimedia


    The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), has developed Hydrogel which is expected to be mass marketed soon in India. Dr Anil Kakodkar, Chairman of Atomic Energy Commission, said the product not only heals the wound, but also eliminates scars (1/2 page).

  2. Investigation of UFO defect on DUV CAR and BARC process (United States)

    Yet, Siew Ing; Ko, Bong Sang; Lee, Soo Man; May, Mike


    Photo process defect reduction is one of the most important factors to improve the process stability and yield in sub-0.18um DUV process. In this paper, a new approach to minimize the Deep-UV (DUV) Chemically Amplified Resist (CAR) and Bottom Anti-Reflective Coating (BARC) induced defect known as UFO (UnidentiFied Object) defect will be introduced. These defects have mild surface topography difference on BARC; it only exists on the wide exposed area where there is no photoresist pattern. In this test, Nikon KrF Stepper & Scanner and TEL Clean track were used. Investigation was carried out on the defect formulation on both Acetal and ESCAP type of photoresist while elemental analysis was done by Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) & Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AES). Result indicated that both BARC and photoresist induce this UFO defect; total defect quantity is related with Post Exposure Bake (PEB) condition. Based on the elemental analysis and process-split test, we can conclude that this defect is caused by lack of acid amount and low diffusivity which is related to PAG (Photo Acid Generator) and TAG (Thermal Acid Generator) in KrF photoresist and BARC material. By optimizing photoresist bake condition, this UFO defect as well as other related defect such as Satellite defect could be eliminated.

  3. Status report on the folded tandem ion accelerator at BARC

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    P Singh; S K Gupta; M J Kansara; A Agarwal; S Santra; Rajesh Kumar; A Basu; P Sapna; S P Sarode; N B V Subrahmanyam; J P Bhatt; P J Raut; S S Pol; P V Bhagwat; S Kailas; B K Jain


    The folded tandem ion accelerator (FOTIA) facility set up at BARC has become operational. At present, it is used for elemental analysis studies using the Rutherford backscattering technique. The beams of 1H, 7Li, 12C, 16O and 19F have been accelerated up to terminal voltages of about 3 MV and are available for experiments. The terminal voltage is stable within ± 2 kV. In this paper, present status of the FOTIA and future plans are discussed.

  4. Prediction and Analysis of students Behavior using BARC Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available Educational Data mining is a recent trends where data mining methods are experimented for the improvement of student performance in academics. The work describes the mining of higher education students’ related attributes such as behavior, attitude and relationship. The data were collected from a higher education institution in terms of the mentioned attributes. The proposed work explored Behavior Attitude Relationship Clustering (BARC Algorithm, which showed the improvement in students’ performance in terms of predicting good behavior, average attitude and good relationship withfaculty members and Tutors. The Hierarchical clusters were grouped with related similarities and analysis was experimented using WEKA tool. The resulted analysis describes the input parameters werefound optimal.

  5. Development of helium refrigeration/ liquefaction system at BARC, India (United States)

    Ansari, N. A.; Goyal, M.; Chakravarty, A.; Menon, Rajendran S.; Jadhav, M.; Rane Nair, T., Sr.; Kumar, J.; Kumar, N.; Bharti, SK; Chakravarty, Abhilash; Jain, A.; Joemon, V.


    An experimental helium refrigerator/liquefier, using ultra high speed cryogenic turboexpanders, is designed and developed at Cryo-Technology Division, BARC. The developed system is based on the modified Claude cycle. The developed system is presently fully functional consisting of process compressor with gas management system, coldbox, helium receiver Dewar, tri-axial transfer line and helium recovery system. Extended trial runs are conducted to evaluate the performance of the developed system. During these trials, liquefaction rate of around 32 l/hr and refrigeration capacity of around 190W is achieved. The paper addresses design, development and commissioning aspects of the developed helium liquefier along with results of performance evaluation trial runs.

  6. Indigenous development and performance evaluation of BARC aerodynamic size separator (BASS)

    CERN Document Server

    Singh, S; Khan, A; Mayya, Y S; Narayanan, K P; Purwar, R C; Sapra, B K; Sunny, F


    Commercially available cascade impactors, commonly used for aerodynamic size separation of aerosol particles, are based on the principle of inertial impaction. As of now, these instruments are imported at a cost of several lakhs of rupees; hence an effort has been made to develop an aerodynamic particle sizer indigenously in BARC. This unit, referred to as BARC Aerodynamic Size Separator (BASS), separates aerosols into seven size classes ranging from 0.53 mu m to 10 mu m and operates at a flow rate of 45 Ipm. Intercomparison studies between the standard Andersen Mark-II (Grasbey Andersen Inc.) impactor and BASS using nebulizer generated aerosols have consistently shown excellent performance by BASS in all respects. In particular, BASS yielded the parameters of polydisperse aerosols quite accurately. Experiments to evaluate the individual stage cut-off diameters show that these are within 8% of their designed value for all stages except the higher two stages which indicate about 30% lower values than the desig...

  7. Brachytherapy of intra ocular tumors using ′BARC I-125 Ocu-Prosta seeds′: An Indian experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vikas Khetan


    Full Text Available Aim: To report our experience of brachytherapy using ′BARC I-125 Ocu-Prosta seeds′ for the management of intraocular tumors with regard to tumor control, globe preservation visual outcome, and patient survival at Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, India between September 2003 and May 2011. Materials and Methods: We reviewed records of 35 eyes of 35 patients who underwent ophthalmic brachytherapy between September 2003 and May 2011. Twenty-one cases had choroidal melanoma, nine had childhood retinoblastoma, two had adult-onset retinoblastoma, and there were one case each of vasoproliferative tumor, retinal angioma, and ciliary body melanoma. Brachytherapy was administered using a 15- or 20-mm gold plaque with or without a notch. Brachytherapy was the primary treatment modality in all tumors other than retinoblastoma, wherein brachytherapy was done post chemoreduction for residual tumor. Results: For choroidal melanomas, the mean radiation dose was 68.69 ± 15.07 (range, 47.72-94.2 Gy. The eye salvage rate was 13/20 (65% and tumor control rate was 16/20 (80% at an average follow-up of 24.43 ± 24.75 (range, 1.5-87.98 months. For retinoblastoma, the mean dose was 45.85 ± 3.90 (range, 39.51-50.92 Gy. The eye salvage rate and tumor control rate was 5/6 (83.3% at an average follow-up of 38.36 ± 31.33 (range, 4.14-97.78 months. All eyes with retinoblastoma needed additional focal therapy for tumor control and eye salvage. Conclusion: The results of this retrospective study confirms that the use of ′BARC I-125 Ocu-Prosta seeds′ in episcleral plaques to treat intraocular tumors offers a viable option for the management of intraocular cancers.

  8. $h^0(125GeV) \\to c \\bar{c}$ as a test case for quark flavor violation in the MSSM

    CERN Document Server

    Hidaka, K; Eberl, H; Ginina, E; Majerotto, W


    We calculate the decay width of $h^0(125GeV) \\to c \\bar{c}$ in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) with non-minimal quark flavor violation (QFV) at full one-loop level. We adopt the $\\overline{\\rm DR}$ renormalization scheme. We study the effects of the mixing of the second and third squark generations (i.e. scharm-stop mixing) on the decay width, respecting the experimental constraints from B-meson data, the Higgs mass measurement and supersymmetric (SUSY) particle searches. We show that the decay width $\\Gamma (h^0 \\to c \\bar{c})$ at the full one-loop level is very sensitive to the SUSY QFV parameters. In a scenario with large scharm-stop mixing, the decay width can differ up to $\\sim \\pm 35\\%$ from its SM prediction. After taking into account the experimental and theoretical uncertainties of the decay width, we conclude that these QFV SUSY effects can be observed at a future $e^+ e^-$ collider such as ILC (International Linear Collider).


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomislav Malvić


    Full Text Available Neogene depositional environments in the Drava depression can be classified in two groups. One group is of local alluvial fans, which were active during the period of Middle Miocene (Badenian extension through the entire Pannonian Basin. The second group is represented by continuous Pannonian and Pontian sedimentation starting with lacustrine environment of partly deep water and partly prodelta (turbidity fans and terminating at the delta plain sedimentation. The coarse-grained sediments of alluvial fans have the great hydrocarbon potential, because they often comprise reservoir rocks. Reservoir deposits are mostly overlain (as result of fan migration by pelitic seal deposits and sometimes including organic rich source facies. That Badenian sequences are often characterised by complete petroleum systems, what is confirmed by large number of oil and gas discoveries in such sediments in the Drava and other Croatian depressions. Alluvial environments are characterised by frequent changes of petrophysical properties, due to local character of depositional mechanism and material sources. In the presented paper, Stari Gradac-Barcs Nyugat field is selected as a case study for demonstrating the above mentioned heterogenic features of the Badenian sequences. Structural solutions are compared by maps of parameters related to depositional environment, i.e. porosity and thickness maps. Geostatistics were used for spatial extension of input dataset. The spatial variability of porosity values, i.e. reservoir quality, is interpreted by transition among different sub-environments (facies in the alluvial fan system.

  10. Integrated Water Basin Management Including a Large Pit Lake and a Water Supply Reservoir: The Mero-Barcés Basin (United States)

    Delgado, Jordi; Juncosa-Rivera, Ricardo; Hernández-Anguiano, Horacio; Muñoz-Ibáñez, Andrea


    use of lake water is acceptable from different points of view (water quality, legal constrains, etc.). Our results indicate that the joint use of the lake/reservoir system is feasible. Based on this and other complementary study, the basin water authorities has developed a project by which a 2.1 km uptake tunnel will be excavated in the next years to drain water from the lake towards the Barcés river and complement the water supply necessities of the Abegondo-Cecebre reservoir in case of hydric emergencies.

  11. A Seven-Year Major and Trace Element Study of Rain Water in the Barcés River Watershed, A Coruña, NW Spain (United States)

    Delgado, Jordi; Cereijo-Arango, José Luis; Juncosa-Rivera, Ricardo


    Precipitation constitutes an important source of soluble materials to surface waters and, in areas where they are diluted precipitation (either dry or wet) it can be the most relevant solute source. Certain trace elements may have a limited natural availability in soils and rocks although they can be important with respect the operation of different biogeochemical cycles, for the computation of local/regional atmospheric pollutant loads or from the global mass budget. In the present study we report the results obtained in a long-lasting (December 2008-December 2015) monitoring survey of the chemical composition of bulk precipitation as monthly-integrated samples taken at the headwaters of the Barcés river watershed (A Coruña, Spain). This location was selected based on the necessity of quantification of the chemical composition and elemental loads associated with the different water types (stream water, ground water and precipitation) contributing to the flooding of the Meirama lake. Available data includes information on meteorological parameters (air temperature, relative humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind speed and direction, total and PAR radiation and precipitation) as well as a wide bundle of physico-chemical (pH, redox, electrical conductivity, alkalinity, Li, Na, K, Mg, Ca, Sr, Mn, Fe, NH4, Cs, Rb, Ba, Zn, Cu, Sb, Ni, Co, Cr, V, Cd, Ag, Pb, Se, Hg, Ti, Sn, U, Mo, F, Cl, Br, SO4, NO3, NO2, Al, As, PO4, SIO2, B, O2, DIC, DOC) and isotopic (18Ov-smow and 2Hv-smow) constituents. The average pH of local precipitation is 5.6 (n=65) which is consistent with the expected value for natural, unpolluted rain water. Most of the studied elements (eg. Na, Ca, K, Mg, SiO2, etc.) shows significant increases in their concentration in the dry period of the year. That points towards a more significant contribution of dry deposition in these periods compared with the wet ones. The average electrical conductivity is about 67 S/cm while the average chloride

  12. Search for $H^0 \\rightarrow b \\bar{b}$ or $c \\bar{c}$ in association with a $W$ or $Z$ boson in the forward region of $pp$ collisions

    CERN Document Server

    The LHCb Collaboration


    The LHCb dataset consisting of proton--proton collisions recorded at $\\sqrt{s}=8$ $\\mathrm{TeV}$, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.98 $\\pm$ 0.02 $fb^{-1}$, is used to search for a Higgs boson with a mass of 125 $\\mathrm{GeV}$, produced in association with a $W$ or $Z$ boson and decaying to a $b \\bar{b}$ or $c \\bar{c}$ pair. The final state considered is a pair of heavy flavour tagged jets and one or two high $p_T$ leptons (electrons or muons). No excess over the background expectation is found and upper limits on the product of cross section times branching fraction, with two heavy quarks from $H^0$ and one lepton from $W$/$Z$ in the $\\text {LHCb}$ acceptance $2 < \\eta < 5$, are set at $95\\% ~\\text{CL}$: \\begin{align} \\sigma (pp \\rightarrow W/Z + H^0 ) \\times \\mathrm{{\\cal B}}(H^0 \\to b \\bar{b}) < 1.6 ~ \\mathrm{pb}, \\end{align} \\begin{align} \\sigma(pp \\rightarrow W/Z + H^0 ) \\times \\mathrm{{\\cal B}}(H^0 \\to c \\bar{c}) < 9.4 ~ \\mathrm{pb}. \\end{align}

  13. BARC: A Novel Apoptosis Regulator (United States)


    discrete Alzheimer disease. J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol. 57: 1041-1052 endocrine cells. J. Histochem. Cytochem. 49: 1235-1243 16. Sawa A, Wiegand GW...hippocampus of aluminum treated rabbits. Brain Res. plasmic reticulum to the nucleus: the unfolded protein response in 903, 66-73. yeast and mammals. Curr

  14. A numerical solution to integrated water flows: Application to the flooding of an open pit mine at the Barcés river catchment - La Coruña, Spain (United States)

    Hernández, J.-Horacio; Padilla, Francisco; Juncosa, Ricardo; Vellando, Pablo R.; Fernández, Álvaro


    SummaryThis research and practical application is concerned with the development of a physically-based numerical model that incorporates new approaches for a finite element solution to the steady/transient problems of the joint surface/groundwater flows of a particular region with the help of a Geographic Information Systems to store, represent, manage and take decisions on all the simulated conditions. The proposed surface-subsurface model considers surface and groundwater interactions to be depth-averaged through a novel interpretation of a linear river flood routing method. Infiltration rates and overland flows generation processes are assessed by a sub-model which accounts for this kind of surface-groundwater interactions. Surface-groundwater interactions consider also novel evaporation and evapotranspiration processes as a diffuse discharge from surface water, non-saturated subsoil and groundwater table. The practical application regards the present flooding of the Meirama open pit, a quite deep coal mining excavation, with freshwater coming from the upper Meirama sub-basin, in the context of the water resources fate and use at the Barcés river catchment (˜87.9 km2), Coruña, Spain. The developed model MELEF was applied to the complex geology of a pull-apart type sedimentary tertiary valley and the whole of the water resources of the Barcés River drainage basin, down to its outlet at the Cecebre Reservoir. Firstly, the model was adapted and calibrated during a simulation period of three and a half years (2006/2009) with the aid of the historically registered hydrological parameters and data. Secondly, the results predict the most likely forthcoming evolution of the present flooding of the Meirama open pit to reach therein a total depth level of almost 200 m, as regards the projected evolution of the water resources, climatology and usages.

  15. Update of the BIPM comparison BIPM.RI(II)-K1.Co-60 of activity measurements of the radionuclide 60Co to include the 2011 result of the CNEA (Argentina), the 2012 results of the BARC (India) and the NRC (Canada), and the 2014 result of the NIM (China) (United States)

    Michotte, C.; Ratel, G.; Courte, S.; Arenillas, P.; Balpardo, C.; Joseph, L.; Anuradha, R.; Kulkarni, D. B.; Galea, R.; Moore, K.; Stroak, A.; Zhang, Ming; Liang, Juncheng; Liu, Haoran


    Since 2010, four national metrology institutes (NMI) have each submitted a sample of known activity of 60Co to the International Reference System (SIR) for activity comparison at the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM), with comparison identifier BIPM.RI(II)-K1.Co-60. The values of the activity submitted were between about 175 kBq and 1600 kBq. The primary standardization results for the CNEA, Argentina and the BARC, India replace their earlier result of 2003 and 2001, respectively. There are now seventeen results in the BIPM.RI(II)-K1.Co-60 comparison. The key comparison reference value (KCRV) has been updated using the power-moderated weighted mean. The degrees of equivalence between each equivalent activity measured in the SIR and the KCRV have been calculated and the results are given in the form of a table. A graphical presentation is also given. Main text To reach the main text of this paper, click on Final Report. Note that this text is that which appears in Appendix B of the BIPM key comparison database The final report has been peer-reviewed and approved for publication by the CCRI, according to the provisions of the CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement (CIPM MRA).

  16. Beam optics of the folded tandem ion accelerator at BARC

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S Santra; P Singh


    The beam optics of the 6 MV folded tandem ion accelerator, that has recently been commissioned at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, is presented. Typical beam trajectories for proton and 12C beams under different conditions, are shown. The constraints on the design due to the use of the infrastructure of the Van de Graaff accelerator, which existed earlier, are discussed.

  17. Utilization of the BARC critical facility for ADS related experiments

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Rajeev Kumar; R Srivenkatesan


    The paper discusses the basic design of the critical facility, whose main purpose is the physics validation of AHWR. Apart from moderator level control, the facility will have shutdown systems based on shutoff rods and multiple ranges of neutron detection systems. In addition, it will have a flux mapping system based on 25 fission chambers, distributed in the core. We are planning to use this reactor for experiments with a suitable source to simulate an ADS system. Any desired sub-criticality can be achieved by adjusting the moderator level. Apart from perfecting our experimental techniques, in simple configurations, we intend to study the one-way coupled core in this facility. Preliminary calculations, employing a Monte Carlo code TRIPOLI, are presented.

  18. Neutron spin-echo spectrometer at BARC, Trombay

    CERN Document Server

    Chaplot, S L; Goel, P


    At one of the cold-neutron guides at the Dhruva reactor at Trombay, we are testing a modestly designed neutron spin-echo spectrometer, which would be suitable for the study of dynamics at an intermediate length of about 1 nm and a time up to 1 ns. We use a BeO-filtered quasi-monochromatic beam and a multi-stage soller-type design of the supermirror polarizer and analyser, which allows focussing of the neutron beam by a suitable choice of the angles between the various columns of the supermirrors. The spin-echo signal has been observed for the direct beam, and further calibration experiments are in progress. (orig.)

  19. Large sample NAA work at BARC: Methodology and applications (United States)

    Acharya, R.; Swain, K. K.; Sudarshan, K.; Tripathi, R.; Pujari, P. K.; Reddy, A. V. R.


    Large sample neutron activation analysis (LSNAA) was carried out using thermal column facility of Apsara reactor at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India. The k0-based internal monostandard NAA (IM-NAA) using in situ detection efficiency was used to analyze large and non-standard geometry samples of clay pottery, uranium ore and stainless steel. Elemental concentration ratios with respect to Na as a monostandard were used in the study of pottery and ore samples. For stainless steel sample of SS 304L, the absolute concentrations were calculated from concentration ratios by mass balance approach since all the major elements (Fe, Cr, Ni and Mn) were amenable to NAA. Applications of LSNAA in the above-mentioned three different areas are described in this paper.

  20. Large sample NAA work at BARC: Methodology and applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Acharya, R., E-mail: [Radiochemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400 085 (India); Swain, K.K. [Analytical Chemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400 085 (India); Sudarshan, K.; Tripathi, R.; Pujari, P.K. [Radiochemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400 085 (India); Reddy, A.V.R. [Analytical Chemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400 085 (India)


    Large sample neutron activation analysis (LSNAA) was carried out using thermal column facility of Apsara reactor at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India. The k{sub 0}-based internal monostandard NAA (IM-NAA) using in situ detection efficiency was used to analyze large and non-standard geometry samples of clay pottery, uranium ore and stainless steel. Elemental concentration ratios with respect to Na as a monostandard were used in the study of pottery and ore samples. For stainless steel sample of SS 304L, the absolute concentrations were calculated from concentration ratios by mass balance approach since all the major elements (Fe, Cr, Ni and Mn) were amenable to NAA. Applications of LSNAA in the above-mentioned three different areas are described in this paper.

  1. Beam acceleration through proton radio frequency quadrupole accelerator in BARC (United States)

    Bhagwat, P. V.; Krishnagopal, S.; Mathew, J. V.; Singh, S. K.; Jain, P.; Rao, S. V. L. S.; Pande, M.; Kumar, R.; Roychowdhury, P.; Kelwani, H.; Rama Rao, B. V.; Gupta, S. K.; Agarwal, A.; Kukreti, B. M.; Singh, P.


    A 3 MeV proton Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) accelerator has been designed at the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India, for the Low Energy High Intensity Proton Accelerator (LEHIPA) programme. The 352 MHz RFQ is built in 4 segments and in the first phase two segments of the LEHIPA RFQ were commissioned, accelerating a 50 keV, 1 mA pulsed proton beam from the ion source, to an energy of 1.24 MeV. The successful operation of the RFQ gave confidence in the physics understanding and technology development that have been achieved, and indicate that the road forward can now be traversed rather more quickly.

  2. Development of a terminal voltage stabilization system for the FOTIA at BARC

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    M J Kansara; P Sapna; N B V Subrahmanyam; J P Bhatt; P Singh


    A terminal voltage stabilization system for the folded tandem ion accelerator (FOTIA) was developed and is in continuous use. The system achieves good voltage stabilization, eliminates ground loops and noise interference. It incorporates a correcting circuit for compensating the mains frequency variations in the GVM amplifier circuit. The present system has two modes of operation namely GVM control mode and slit control mode. A voltage stability of about ± 2 kV has been achieved. In this paper, some of the salient features of the voltage stabilization system are discussed.

  3. Nuclear Agriculture and Biotechnology Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC, Mumbai 400085, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashok Badigannavar


    Full Text Available Phytic acid is the major storage form of phosphorus in cereals. It binds with nutritionally important metals and affects mineral bioavailability. The present study analyzed phytic acid, inorganic phosphorus (IP content, seed weight, and grain yield in 98 sorghum landraces and varieties grown in two environments to evaluate genotypic and environmental effects and to determine trait stability. Genotypic effects and genotype × interaction were significant for phytic acid concentration and yield components. A promising landrace, Malkhed-1, had the lowest phytic acid (0.015 mg g− 1 concentration, with a higher yield (70.02 g plant− 1, than the check variety M-35-1 in both environments. Similarly, among the varieties, Phule Maulee showed the lowest phytic acid (0.07 mg g− 1 and a higher grain yield of 53.15 g plant− 1 in both environments. Phytic acid and IP were negatively correlated (r = − 0.34, whereas grain yield and seed weight were positively correlated (r = 0.20. Cluster analysis based on seed phosphorus traits and yield components identified five and six clusters, respectively. Genotypes containing low phytic acid with high yield identified in this study would be helpful for increasing the bioavailability of mineral nutrients.

  4. An information theory application to improve understanding of subsurface flow and transport conditions at the BARC OPE3 site (United States)

    Improving understanding of subsurface conditions includes comparison and discrimination of concurrent models. Additional observations can be useful for that purpose. The objective of this work was to implement and test a novel method for optimization of selecting locations for additional observation...

  5. NLO QCD Corrections for $J/\\psi+ c + \\bar{c}$ Production in Photon-Photon Collision

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Zi-Qiang; Qiao, Cong-Feng


    The $\\gamma+\\gamma\\rightarrow J/\\psi+c+\\bar{c}$ inclusive process is an extremely important subprocess in $J/\\psi$ photoproduction, like at LEP\\uppercase\\expandafter{\\romannumeral2} or various types future electron-positron colliders. In this work we perform the next-to-leading(NLO) QCD corrections to this process in the framework of non-relativistic QCD(NRQCD) factorization formalism, the first NLO calculation for two projectiles to 3-body quarkonium inclusive production process. By setting the center-of-mass energy at LEP\\uppercase\\expandafter{\\romannumeral2}, the $\\sqrt{s}=197$ GeV, we conduct analyses of the $p_t^2$ distribution and total cross section of this process at the NLO accuracy. It turns out that the total cross section is moderately enhanced by the NLO correction with a $K$ factor of about 1.46, and hence the discrepancy between DELPHI data and color-singlet(CS) calculation is reduced while the color-octet(CO) contributions are still inevitable at this order. At the future Circular Electron-Pos...

  6. Dr. Anil Kakodkar, Director, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Chairman-Designate of the Atomic Energy Commission Secretary, Department of Atomic Energy, India

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez


    Photo 01: Dr. A. Kakodkar signing the Guest Book with Dr. L. Evans, LHC Project Leader and Prof. R. Cashmore, Director for Collider Programmes Photo 02: Dr. A. Kakodkar with Dr. L. Evans Photo 03: Dr. A. Kakodkar

  7. BIPM comparison BIPM.RI(II)-K1.Zn-65 of activity measurements of the radionuclide 65Zn for the BARC (India) with linked results for the CCRI(II)-K2.Zn-65 comparison (United States)

    Michotte, C.; Ratel, G.; Courte, S.; Joseph, L.


    A new participation in the BIPM.RI(II)-K1.Zn-65 comparison has been added to the previous results. A link has been made to the CCRI(II)-K2.Zn-65 comparison held in 2003 through the measurement of all ampoules of the K2 comparison in the International Reference System (SIR) at the BIPM before dispatch to the participants. This has produced a revised value for the key comparison reference value (KCRV), calculated using the power-moderated weighted mean. Six NMIs used the K2 comparison to update their degrees of equivalence. The degrees of equivalence between each equivalent activity measured in the SIR and the KCRV have been calculated and the results are given in the form of a table for the remaining two NMIs in the BIPM.RI(II)-K1.Zn-65 comparison and the 17 other participants in the CCRI(II)-K2.Zn-65 comparison. A graphical presentation is also given. Main text. To reach the main text of this paper, click on Final Report. Note that this text is that which appears in Appendix B of the BIPM key comparison database The final report has been peer-reviewed and approved for publication by the CCRI, according to the provisions of the CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement (CIPM MRA).

  8. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U06785-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ve cDNA clone:VS... 133 3e-29 2 ( BH126755 ) BARC-Satt589 Size-selected soybean g...gss-dog-17000331467976 Dog Library Canis lup... 44 4.3 1 ( CC454034 ) BARC-Satt681 Size-selected soybean gen

  9. Dicty_cDB: SHB614 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available |DT894061.1 1476640 MARC 7BOV Bos taurus cDNA 3', mRNA sequence. 42 6.5 1 BG691555 |BG691555.1 340768 BARC 5... cDNA 3', mRNA sequence. 42 6.5 1 CK976866 |CK976866.1 4108005 BARC 9BOV Bos taurus cDNA clone 9BOV34_M20 5'..., mRNA sequence. 42 6.5 1 CK956365 |CK956365.1 4096609 BARC 10BOV Bos taurus cDNA

  10. Application of Bradford′s law to the evaluation of book collection of library of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre



    Evaluation of the collection is a very important step toward the development of good and balanced collection in the library. Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) library is a special scientific research library, which provides exhaustive information in the field of nuclear science and technology and allied fields. In this study, we have used Bradford′s law to evaluate and analyze the book collection of BARC library. A total collection of 94,450 books was considered for the study. The collecti...

  11. Process development and impurities analysis for the bottom antireflective coating material (United States)

    Ko, Fu-Hsiang; Chen, Hsuen-Li; Huang, Tiao-Yuan; Cheng, Hsu-Chun; Ko, Chu-Jung; Chu, Tieh-Chi


    The optical behavior of semiconductor bottom antireflective coating (BARC) material was investigated by both the measurement and simulation methods. The effects of spin- coating rate, interface reflection, BARC layer thickness and photoresist layer thickness were studied. Our results indicated that the 62.5 nm of BARC layer had strong effect on suppressing the light reflection of wavelength of 248 nm form the wafer surface, irrespective of the photoresist layer thickness. Based on the gravimetric method, a high throughput and one-step microwave digestion procedure was developed for the BARC materials. The digestion efficiency increased with the digestion duration and the temperature. By following the established one-step microwave digestion method and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry determination, the detection limits obtained for Cr, Ni, Cu, An and Pb were in 0.1 to 1.11 ppb levels. The spike recoveries of the metallic impurities were in the range 86- 102% for the BARC materials. The analytical results of the BARC samples were found to be in reasonably good agreement with our previous method, and the analytical throughput can achieve up to 20 samples per hour for the analysis of 5 elements.

  12. New trends in Brunner's relation: dielectric levels (United States)

    Trouiller, Yorick; Didiergeorges, Anne; Fanget, Gilles L.; Laviron, Cyrille; Comboure, Corinne; Quere, Yves


    The goal of this paper is to understand the optical phenomena at dielectric levels. The purpose is also to quantify the impact of dielectric and resist thickness variations on the CD range with and without Bottom Anti Reflective COating (BARC). First we will show how all dielectric levels can be reduced to the stack metal/oxide/BARC/resist, and what are the contributions to resists and dielectric thickness range for each levels. Then a simple model will be developed to understand CD variation in this tack: by extending the Perot/Fabry model to the dielectric levels, developed by Brunner for the gate level, we can obtain a simple relation between the CD variation and all parameters. Experimentally CD variation for Damascene line level on 0.18micrometers technology has been measured depending on oxide thickness and resist thickness and can confirm this model. UV5 resist, AR2 BARC from Shipley and Top ARC from JSR have been used for these experiments. The main conclusions are: (1) Depending on your dielectric deposition and CMP processes, if resist thickness is controlled, a standard BARC process used for the gate is adapted to remove oxide thickness variation influence providing the optimized resist thickness is used. (2) If both resist thickness and dielectric thickness are uncontrolled, a more absorbent BARC is required.

  13. Gordon Research Conference on Chronobiology, 1989 (United States)


    34Photoperiodic regulation of ovarian diapause in Drosophila melanogaster: The impact of the per gene on time measurement." 1 I,j o A0 TUESDAY, June 27 MORNING...Lynch and G. R. Lynch, Wesleyan University 1 4. Transgenic mice with a genome for human but not bovine growth hormone have a shorter tau. J. Ferraro...Elmwood Ave. Univ. of Maryland/USDA, ARS Rochester, NY. 14619 insect Chemical Ecology Laboratory Room 604 Barc-E, Bldg. 402 Beltsville, MD. 20705 Edmunds

  14. Dicty_cDB: VFH648 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 5 Bovine Abomasum cDNA Library Bos taurus cDNA 5', mRNA sequence. 44 2e-04 2 CB062515 |CB062515.1 4012285 BARC...alue N AX536940 |AX536940.1 Sequence 541 from Patent WO02064766. 50 1e-06 2 BG688...103 |BG688103.1 335557 BARC 5BOV Bos taurus cDNA 5', mRNA sequence. 44 2e-04 2 BG938001 |BG938001.1 1Abo08B0

  15. A measurement of the gluon splitting rate into $c\\overline{c}$ pairs in hadronic Z decays

    CERN Document Server

    Heister, A; Barate, R; Brunelière, R; De Bonis, I; Décamp, D; Goy, C; Jézéquel, S; Lees, J P; Martin, F; Merle, E; Minard, M N; Pietrzyk, B; Trocmé, B; Bravo, S; Casado, M P; Chmeissani, M; Crespo, J M; Fernández, E; Fernández-Bosman, M; Garrido, L; Martínez, M; Pacheco, A; Ruiz, H; Colaleo, A; Creanza, D; De Filippis, N; De Palma, M; Iaselli, Giuseppe; Maggi, G; Maggi, M; Nuzzo, S; Ranieri, A; Raso, G; Ruggieri, F; Selvaggi, G; Silvestris, L; Tempesta, P; Tricomi, A; Zito, G; Huang, X; Lin, J; Ouyang, Q; Wang, T; Xie, Y; Xu, R; Xue, S; Zhang, J; Zhang, L; Zhao, W; Abbaneo, D; Barklow, Timothy L; Buchmüller, O L; Cattaneo, M; Cerutti, F; Clerbaux, B; Drevermann, H; Forty, R W; Frank, M; Gianotti, F; Hansen, J B; Harvey, J; Hutchcroft, D E; Janot, P; Jost, B; Kado, M; Mato, P; Moutoussi, A; Ranjard, F; Rolandi, Luigi; Schlatter, W D; Sguazzoni, G; Tejessy, W; Teubert, F; Valassi, Andrea; Videau, I; Badaud, F; Dessagne, S; Falvard, A; Fayolle, D; Gay, P; Jousset, J; Michel, B; Monteil, S; Pallin, D; Pascolo, J M; Perret, P; Hansen, J D; Hansen, J R; Hansen, P H; Kraan, A C; Nilsson, B S; Kyriakis, A; Markou, C; Simopoulou, Errietta; Vayaki, Anna; Zachariadou, K; Blondel, A; Brient, J C; Machefert, F P; Rougé, A; Swynghedauw, M; Tanaka, R; Videau, H L; Ciulli, V; Focardi, E; Parrini, G; Antonelli, A; Antonelli, M; Bencivenni, G; Bossi, F; Capon, G; Chiarella, V; Laurelli, P; Mannocchi, G; Murtas, G P; Passalacqua, L; Kennedy, J; Lynch, J G; Negus, P; O'Shea, V; Thompson, A S; Wasserbaech, S R; Cavanaugh, R J; Dhamotharan, S; Geweniger, C; Hanke, P; Hepp, V; Kluge, E E; Leibenguth, G; Putzer, A; Stenzel, H; Tittel, K; Wunsch, M; Beuselinck, R; Cameron, W; Davies, G; Dornan, P J; Girone, M; Hill, R D; Marinelli, N; Nowell, J; Rutherford, S A; Sedgbeer, J K; Thompson, J C; White, R; Ghete, V M; Girtler, P; Kneringer, E; Kuhn, D; Rudolph, G; Bouhova-Thacker, E; Bowdery, C K; Clarke, D P; Ellis, G; Finch, A J; Foster, F; Hughes, G; Jones, R W L; Pearson, M R; Robertson, N A; Smizanska, M; van der Aa, O; Delaere, C; Lemaître, V; Blumenschein, U; Hölldorfer, F; Jakobs, K; Kayser, F; Kleinknecht, K; Müller, A S; Renk, B; Sander, H G; Schmeling, S; Wachsmuth, H W; Zeitnitz, C; Ziegler, T; Bonissent, A; Coyle, P; Curtil, C; Ealet, A; Fouchez, D; Payre, P; Tilquin, A; Ragusa, F; David, A; Dietl, H; Ganis, G; Hüttmann, K; Lütjens, G; Männer, W; Moser, H G; Settles, Ronald; Villegas, M; Wolf, G; Boucrot, J; Callot, O; Davier, M; Duflot, L; Grivaz, J F; Heusse, P; Jacholkowska, A; Serin, L; Veillet, J J; Azzurri, P; Bagliesi, G; Boccali, T; Foà, L; Giammanco, A; Giassi, A; Ligabue, F; Messineo, A; Palla, Fabrizio; Sanguinetti, G; Sciabà, A; Spagnolo, P; Tenchini, R; Venturi, A; Verdini, P G; Awunor, O; Blair, G A; Cowan, G; García-Bellido, A; Green, M G; Jones, L T; Medcalf, T; Misiejuk, A; Strong, J A; Teixeira-Dias, P; Clifft, R W; Edgecock, T R; Norton, P R; Tomalin, I R; Ward, J J; Bloch-Devaux, B; Boumediene, D E; Colas, P; Fabbro, B; Lançon, E; Lemaire, M C; Locci, E; Pérez, P; Rander, J; Tuchming, B; Vallage, B; Konstantinidis, N P; Litke, A M; Taylor, G; Booth, C N; Cartwright, S; Combley, F; Hodgson, P N; Lehto, M H; Thompson, L F; Böhrer, A; Brandt, S; Grupen, C; Hess, J; Ngac, A; Prange, G; Borean, C; Giannini, G; He, H; Pütz, J; Rothberg, J E; Armstrong, S R; Berkelman, K; Cranmer, K; Ferguson, D P S; Gao, Y; González, S; Hayes, O J; Hu, H; Jin, S; Kile, J; McNamara, P A; Nielsen, J; Pan, Y B; Von Wimmersperg-Töller, J H; Wiedenmann, W; Wu, J; Wu Sau Lan; Wu, X; Zobernig, G; Dissertori, G; CERN. Geneva


    The rate of gluons splitting into $c \\bar{c}$ pairs in hadronic $Z$ decays is measured using the data sample collected by ALEPH from 1991 to 1995. The selection is based on the identification of leptons (electrons and muons) originating from semileptonic charm decays, and on the topological properties of signal events. The result derived from the selected sample is $g_{c \\bar{c}}=(3.26 \\pm 0.23 \\rm{(stat)} \\pm 0.42 \\rm{(syst)}) %$

  16. QTI for self-assessment and embeddedassessment in competence oriented scenarios: The Agora Case

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Santos, Patricia; Llobet, Wenceslao; Hernández-Leo, Davinia; Blat, Josep


    Santos, P., Llobet, W., Hernández-Leo, D., & Blat, J. (2009). QTI for self-assessment and embedded assessment in competence oriented scenarios: The Agora Case. Proceedings of the 2009 International Conference on Intelligent Networking and Collaborative Systems (pp. 39-45). November, 4-6, 2009, Barce

  17. 7 CFR 502.4 - Conformity with signs and emergency directions. (United States)


    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Conformity with signs and emergency directions. 502.4 Section 502.4 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH..., MARYLAND § 502.4 Conformity with signs and emergency directions. Persons in and on property of BARC...

  18. 7 CFR 502.11 - Pets. (United States)


    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Pets. 502.11 Section 502.11 Agriculture Regulations of... CONDUCT ON BELTSVILLE AGRICULTURE RESEARCH CENTER PROPERTY, BELTSVILLE, MARYLAND § 502.11 Pets. Pets... vaccinations. Pets that are the property of employees residing on BARC must be up to date on their...

  19. Successful test flight of an airship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    @@ Researchers with the Balloon Aircraft Research Center (BARC) of the Academy of Opto-electronics, CAS, succeeded in their first test flight of an aeroboat with a flight altitude up to 1,000 meters and an effective payload of 20 kilograms in Shandong on 25 December, 2007.

  20. 7 CFR 502.13 - Weapons and explosives. (United States)


    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Weapons and explosives. 502.13 Section 502.13....13 Weapons and explosives. No person while in or on BARC property shall carry firearms, other dangerous or deadly weapons, or explosives, either openly or concealed, except as officially authorized...

  1. 7 CFR 502.10 - Photographs by visitors or for news, advertising, or commercial purposes. (United States)


    ... permission. Photographs for advertising and commercial purposes may be taken at BARC only with the prior... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Photographs by visitors or for news, advertising, or commercial purposes. 502.10 Section 502.10 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of...

  2. Heavy quarkonium effective theory

    CERN Document Server

    Mannel, T


    We formulate a QCD-based effective theory approach to heavy quarkonia-like systems as \\bar{c} c and \\bar{b} b resonances and B_c states. We apply the method to inclusive decays, working out a few examples in detail.

  3. Heavy quark symmetry and weak decays of the $b$-baryons in pentaquarks with a $c\\bar{c}$ component

    CERN Document Server

    Ali, Ahmed; Aslam, M Jamil; Rehman, Abdur


    The discovery of the baryonic states $P_c^+(4380)$ and $P_c^+(4450)$ by the LHCb collaboration has evoked a lot of theoretical interest. These states have the minimal quark content $c \\bar{c} u u d$. Interpreted as hidden charm diquark-diquark-antiquark baryons, the assigned spin and angular momentum quantum numbers are $P_c^+(4380)= \\{\\bar{c} [cu]_{s=1} [ud]_{s=1}; L_{\\mathcal{P}}=0, J^{\\rm P}=\\frac{3}{2}^- \\}$ and $P_c^+(4450)= \\{\\bar{c} [cu]_{s=1} [ud]_{s=0}; L_{\\mathcal{P}}=1, J^{\\rm P}=\\frac{5}{2}^+ \\}$, where $s=0,1$ are the spins of the diquarks and $L_{\\mathcal{P}}=0,1$ are the orbital angular momentum quantum numbers of the pentaquarks. We point out that heavy quark symmetry allows only the higher mass pentaquark state $P_c^+(4450)$ having $[ud]_{s=0}$ to be produced in $\\Lambda_b^0$ decays, whereas the lower mass state $P_c^+(4380)$ having $[ud]_{s=1}$ is disfavored. Pentaquark spectrum is rich enough to accommodate a $J^P=\\frac{3}{2}^-$ state, which has the correct light diquark spin $\\{\\bar{c} [cu...


    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Biegun, Aleksandra


    The study of the charmonium ((c) over barc) system is a powerful tool to understand the strong interaction. In (p) over barp annihilations studied with PANDA, the mass and width of the charmonium state, such as h(c), will be measured with an excellent accuracy, determined by the very precise knowled

  5. Dicty_cDB: SHB586 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available |DT893043.1 1475521 MARC 7BOV Bos taurus cDNA 3', mRNA sequence. 48 0.21 1 CO2611...29 |CO261129.1 4133228 BARC 8BOV Bos taurus cDNA clone 8BOV_60L03 5', mRNA sequence. 48 0.21 1 dna update 20

  6. Heavy quarkonium properties from Cornell potential using variational method and supersymmetric quantum mechanics

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)



    Using the variational method and supersymmetric quantum mechanics we calculated, in an approximate way, the eigenvalues, eigenfunctions and wave functions at the origin of the Cornell potential. We compared results with numerical solutions for heavy quarkonia $c \\bar {c}, b \\bar{b}$ and $b \\bar{c}$.

  7. Dicty_cDB: SFL411 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CC453706.1 BARC-Sat_155 Size-selected soybean genomic Glycine max genomic, DNA se...BX908739.2 Zebrafish DNA sequence *** SEQUENCING IN PROGRESS *** from clone RP71-37O2. 40 7e-04 3 CC453706 |

  8. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U07064-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 16 full insert cDNA. 42 1.3 2 ( DY889025 ) CeleSEQ6508 Cunninghamella elegans pBluescript (E... 38 1.3 2 ( B...H126655 ) BARC-Satt483 Size-selected soybean genomic Glycin... 36 1.4 2 ( AC11698

  9. Testing low cost anaerobic digestion (AD) systems (United States)

    To evaluate the potential for low technology and low cost digesters for small dairies, BARC and researchers from the University of Maryland installed six modified Taiwanese-model field-scale (FS) digesters near the original dairy manure digester. The FS units receive the same post-separated liquid ...

  10. Development of neutron detectors and neutron radiography at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A M Shaikh


    Design and development of neutron detectors and R&D work in neutron radiography (NR) for non-destructive evaluation are important parts of the neutron beam and allied research programme of Solid State Physics Division (SSPD) of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC). The detectors fabricated in the division not only meet the in-house requirement of neutron spectrometers but also the need of other divisions in BARC, Department of Atomic Energy units and some universities and research institutes in India and abroad for a variety of applications. The NR facility set up by SSPD at Apsara reactor has been used for a variety of applications in nuclear, aerospace, defense and metallurgical industries. The work done in the development of neutron detectors and neutron radiography is reported in this article.

  11. Ánalisis de los procesos de flujo subterráneo y superficial en problemas mediambientales


    Hernández Anguiano, Horacio


    [Resumen] El objetivo de esta tesis es, por una parte, adaptar un código numérico para analizar los procesos del flujo subterráneo y superficial en problemas medioambientales, y por otra, predecir la evolución más probable de la rehabilitación por inundación de la mina de lignito a cielo abierto de Meirama considerando todo el dominio de la cuenca hidrográfica del río Barcés (~90 Km2). La Coruña, España. El proceso se inicia con la adaptación del código numérico MELEF a la cuenca del Barcé...

  12. A deficit scaling algorithm for the minimum flow problem

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Laura Ciupală


    In this paper, we develop a new preflow algorithm for the minimum flow problem, called deficit scaling algorithm. This is a special implementation of the generic preflow algorithm for the minimum flow problem developed by Ciurea and Ciupală earlier. The bottleneck operation in the generic preflow algorithm is the number of noncancelling pulls. Using the scaling technique (i.e. selecting the active nodes with sufficiently large deficits), we reduce the number of noncancelling pulls to $O(n^2 \\log \\bar{c})$ and obtain an $O(nm+n^2 \\log \\bar{c})$ algorithm.

  13. Silicon detector technology development in India for the participation in international experiments

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Anita Topkar; S Praveenkumar; Bharti Aggarwal; S K Kataria; M D Ghodgaonkar


    A specific research and development program has been carried out by BARC in India to develop the technology for large area silicon strip detectors for application in nuclear and high energy physics experiments. These strip detectors will be used as pre-shower detector in the CMS experiment at LHC, CERN for 0/ rejection. The fabrication technology to produce silicon strip detectors with very good uniformity over a large area of ∼ 40 cm2, low leakage currents of the order of 10 nA/cm2 per strip and high breakdown voltage of >500 V has been developed by BARC. The production of detectors is already under way to deliver 1000 detector modules for the CMS and 90% production is completed. In this paper, research and development work carried out to develop the detector fabrication technology is briefly described. The performance of the silicon strip detectors produced in India is presented. The present status of the detector technology is discussed.

  14. BARCO公司在京设立产品展示室

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    @@ 日前,世界著名的投影机、显示器生产厂家BARC0公司与北京意韵电子公司合作设立了BARCO家庭影院展示中心,以典型的家庭环境为蓝本,集中展示了BARCO的Cine系列CRT投影机.

  15. An Influence Analysis of Dissuading Nation States from Producing and Proliferating Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) (United States)


    a Nuclear Nation India’s nuclear program lends its origins to the ambitions of Indian physicist Dr. Homi Bhabha . In 1932 he won the Rouse Ball...Setting Up Nuclear Power Plant. (1961). Statesman , 1. Sreekantan, B. V., Singh, V., & Udgaoankar, B. M. (1985). Homi Jehangir Bhabha . Bombay: Tata...Atomic Vapor Layer Isotope Separation BARC Bhabha Atomic Research Center BJP Bharatiya Janata Party CISR

  16. Synthesis and luminescence properties of Tb$^{3+}-doped LiMgPO$_4$ phosphor

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)



    Polycrystalline sample LiMg$_{(1.x)}$PO$_4$:$x$Tb$^{3+}$ ($x = 0.001, 0.002, 0.005, 0.01, 0.02$) phosphor was synthesized via modified solid state method (MSSM). The prepared sample was characterized through XRD pattern (X-ray diffraction) and SEM (scanning electron microscope). Additionally, photoluminescence (PL), optically stimulated luminescence (OSL), thermoluminescence (TL) and other dosimetric properties including dose linearity, reusability and fading were studied. In OSL mode, sensitivity of prepared phosphor was found to be 2.7 times that of LiMgPO$_4$:Tb$^{3+}, B (BARC) phosphor and 4.3 times that of $\\alpha$-Al$_2$O$_3$:C (BARC) phosphor. The TL glow consists of overlapping peaks in temperature range of 50-400$^{\\circ}$C and first peak (P$_1$) was observed at 150$^{\\circ}$C, second peak (P$_2$) at 238$^{\\circ}$C, third peak (P$_3$) at 291$^{\\circ}$C and fourth peak (P$_4$) at 356$^{\\circ}$C. The TL sensitivity of second peak (P$_2$) of LiMgPO$_4$:Tb$^{3+}$ phosphor was compared with $\\alpha$-Al$_2$O$_3$:C (BARC) phosphor and found to be 100 times that of the $\\alpha$-Al$_2$O$_3$:C (BARC) phosphor. The minimum detectable dose (MDD) was found to be 5.6 $\\mu$Gy. Moreover, photoionization cross-sections, linearity, reusability, fading and kinetic parameters were calculated. Also, photoluminescence spectra of LiMgPO$_4$:Tb$^{3+}$ shows characteristic green.yellow emission exciting at 224nm UV source.

  17. Bacterial growth efficiency in the tropical estuarine and coastal waters of Goa, southwest coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Ram, A.; Nair, S.; Chandramohan, D.

    , immediately to the laboratory for experimental studies. Water temperature and salinity were measured in situ. Water samples were fixed immediately after collection for analysis of dissolved oxygen by Winkler's method [5]. Nutrient (ammonia, nitrite. nitrate...) was estimated from the rates of protein synthesis I21] as measured by the incorporation of 14C_ leucine (specific activity = 300 mCi mmol- 1 ; BARC, Bombay). In order to determine the concentration of labeled leuciI!e required to saturate uptake, a saturation...

  18. Lipids differentially degraded during tissue freezing and thawing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    @@ Plants cope with freezing and thawing by altering the lipid composition of their cell membranes. Such cellular responses go through three phases Successful test flight of an airship Researchers with the Balloon Aircraft Research Center (BARC) of the Academy of Opto-electronics, CAS, succeeded in their first test flight of an aeroboat with a flight altitude up to 1,000 meters and an effective payload of 20 kilograms in Shandong on 25 December, 2007.

  19. Impact of BRAC and PDBF sponsored homestead vegetables programme on the socio-economic development of rural women in Mymensingh district


    Rahman, M.; Naher, K.; Sarwer, R.H.; Huda, M.Z


    A study was carried out at four thanas namely, Mymensingh sadar, Muktaghacha, Trishal, and Bhaluka of Mymensingh district to assess impact of BRAC and PDBF sponsored homestead vegetable programme on household income and socio-economic development of rural women. A total of 40 women were involved in vegetable programme as 20 under each BARC and PDBF sponsored households. Purposive sampling technique was followed to select the samples of the study. Vegetable enterprise under both BRAC and PDBF ...

  20. Effect of altrenogest and Lutalyse on parturition control, plasma progesterone, unconjugated estrogen and 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-prostaglandin F2 alpha in sows. (United States)

    Guthrie, H D; Meckley, P E; Young, E P; Hartsock, T G


    To investigate control of parturition time, 154 sows farrowing 220 litters at three locations were treated with altrenogest and Lutalyse (PG). The four treatment groups were: 1) no treatment (control group); 2) an im injection of 15 mg of PG at 1000 on d 111, 112 or 113 of gestation (d 0 = first day of estrus and gestation); 3) altrenogest (20 mg X sow-1 X d-1) fed twice daily for 4 d starting on d 109, 110 or 111; and 4) altrenogest and an injection of PG at 1000 on the day after the last feeding of altrenogest. Control sows at the University of Delaware (UD), University of Maryland (UM) and USDA, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center (BARC) had mean gestation lengths of 113.5, 114.2 and 115.7 d and live pigs/litter were 10.5, 11.0 and 7.4, respectively. Altrenogest started by d 110 prevented unscheduled early farrowing and increased (P less than .01) gestation length by 1.7 and 1.1 d, respectively, at UD and UM, but had not effect at BARC. The time from PG to parturition was 24.3, 22.6 and 34.4 h, respectively, at UD, UM and BARC. More sows at UD and UM farrowed between 0700 and 1700 on the expected day of parturition after injection of PG (59.3%) than with no PG (20.7%; P less than .05). The high incidence of small litters (less than six pigs) from sows inseminated with frozen semen at BARC resulted in negative correlations of live pigs/litter with gestation length (r = -.533, P = .0001) and with time from PG injection to birth of first pig (r = -.425, P = .017); these correlations were not significant at UD and UM where only natural service was used.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  1. Scientometric Dimensions of Innovation Communication Productivity of the Chemistry Division at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre


    Kademani, B.S.; Surwase, Ganesh; Anil Sagar; Lalit Mohan; Gaderao, C. R.; Anil Kumar; Kalyane, V. L.; Prakasan, E.R.; Vijai Kumar


    Scientrometric analysis of 1733 papers published by the teams comprising total of 926 participating scientists at Chemistry Division of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) during 1970-1999 in the domains: Radiation & Photochemistry and Chemical Dynamics (649), Solid State Studies (558), Inorganic, Structural and Materials Chemistry (460) and Theoretical Chemistry (66) were analysed for yearwise productivity, authorship pattern and collaboration. The highest number of publicationsin a year we...

  2. JPRS Report, Proliferation Issues (United States)


    than to science. sharing spin-off technologies. A major example of this, he said, involved solar not nuclear energy. With inputs from BARC, the Central...irrigation and telecommunication systems involving electricity [Text] Bombay, October 30: Scientists at the Bhabha made directly from solar energy. Atomic...India’s atomic and nuclear Ten such heavy water upgrading plants, based on the status, the position was well known and it was not what vacuum distillation

  3. Inelastic J/psi electroproduction in e-p collisions

    CERN Document Server

    Balbi, P


    Following HERA experiments our interest is focused, in the present paper, on charmonium production in lepton-proton collisions. Inelastic J/\\psi electroproduction is quite difficult to be measured due to the low rates of events; almost all experimental studies are indeed performed in photoproduction regime. J/\\psi resonance is considered as the product of the hadronization of a c \\bar{c} pair generated via boson-gluon fusion. The leading order contribution to the differential cross section, with respect to virtual photon-proton center of mass energy W and transferred four-momentum squared Q^2, is written as the sum of two terms related to a colour singlet and a colour octet c \\bar{c} pair production respectively. This expression contains two-gluons contributions and depends on three parameters; two of them are related to the hadronization fractions in charmonium states for the c \\bar{c} pair (colour singlet and colour octet), while the third parameter takes into accout possible ``hot-spot'' effects. The value...

  4. Exploring Molecular Markers of Preharvest Sprouting Resistance Gene Using Wheat Intact Spikes by Association Analysis%以关联分析发掘小麦整穗发芽抗性基因分子标记

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱玉磊; 张海萍; 王升星; 赵良侠; 张德新; 胡建帮; 曹雪连; 杨亚杰; 常成; 马传喜


    利用分布于小麦全基因组的181对分子标记,分析264份自然群体的基因型,采用TASSLE软件的GLM和MLM模型检测与整穗发芽抗性紧密关联的标记位点,发掘相关位点内的优异等位变异。在2012年和2013年室内整穗发芽率、2013年田间自然降雨整穗发芽率3个环境中,共关联到20个显著位点(P<0.05),分布于小麦染色体1AS、2DS、3AS、3BL、4AL、5AS、5BL、6BS、6DS、7AL和7BL上。分别位于2DS和7BL上的分子标记gwm102和barc340同时在3个环境下关联到,属于稳定的抗性位点;另有6个标记位点同时在2个环境下关联到;其余12个标记位点仅在1个环境下关联到。位于7BL上的barc340标记位点为一新报道位点。从重复关联的8个标记位点内共检测出10种优异等位变异。barc28-229bp和barc28-217bp对提高整穗发芽抗性效应最显著,主要分布在地方品种中(如遂宁坨坨麦等),而gwm102-142bp和barc186-199bp效应虽然相对较小,但多分布在推广品种中(如扬麦158等),有利于穗发芽抗性分子育种的直接应用。%To improve pre-harvest sprouting (PHS) resistance in wheat breeding, it is important to explore marker loci and elite alleles associated with PHS resistance using intact spikes. In this study, a total of 181 markers were used to 264 genotype materi-als. General and mixed linear models (GLM and MLM) were used to analyze PHS phenotypic data in three environments (2012-in house, 2013-in house and 2013-in field). The results showed that twenty markers were identified by association analysis, and lo-cated on chromosomes 1AS, 2DS, 3AS, 3BL, 4AL, 5AS, 5BL, 6BS, 6DS, 7AL, and 7BL. The markers gwm102 on 2DS and barc340 on 7BL were detected stably in three environments, among which barc340 was likely to be novel and needs to be further studied through biparental linkage mapping analysis. Six markers were detected in two environments, and the other loci linked with 12 markers

  5. Puzzles of J/{Psi} production off nuclei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kopeliovich, B.Z., E-mail: boris.kopeliovich@mpi-hd.mpg.d [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria, and Instituto de Estudios Avanzados en Ciencias e Ingenieria, and Centro Cientifico-Tecnologico de Valparaiso, Casilla 110-V, Valparaiso (Chile)


    Nuclear effects for J/{Psi} production in pA collisions are controlled by the coherence and color transparency effects. Color transparency onsets when the time of formation of the charmonium wave function becomes longer than the inter-nucleon spacing. In this energy regime the effective break-up cross section for a c-barc dipole depends on energy and nuclear path length, and agrees well with data from fixed target experiments, both in magnitude and energy dependence. At higher energies of RHIC and LHC coherence in c-barc pair production leads to charm quark shadowing which is a complement to the high twist break up cross section. These two effects explain well with no adjusted parameters the magnitude and rapidity dependence of nuclear suppression of J/{Psi} observed at RHIC in dAu collisions, while the contribution of leading twist gluon shadowing is found to be vanishingly small. A novel mechanism of double color filtering for c-barc dipoles makes nuclei significantly more transparent in AA compared to pA collisions. This is one of the mechanisms which make impossible a model independent 'data driven' extrapolation from pA to AA. This effect also explains the enhancement of nuclear suppression observed at forward rapidities in AA collisions at RHIC, what hardly can be related to the produced dense medium. J/{Psi} is found to be a clean and sensitive tool measuring the transport coefficient characterizing the dense matter created in AA collisions. RHIC data for p{sub T} dependence of J/{Psi} production in nuclear collisions are well explained with the low value of the transport coefficient q-hat{sub 0}<0.5 GeV{sup 2}/fm.

  6. Design and development of a focusing electromagnet for RF linac of a cargo scanner

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nayak, B., E-mail:; Acharya, S.; Bhattacharjee, D.; Chandan, Shiv; Choudhury, N.; Sharma, V.; Mittal, K.C.; Gantayet, L.M.


    Cargo scanning of contraband objects by high energetic X-rays requires compact and self-contained RF linacs. To achieve this goal, a 6 MeV, 700 W standing wave RF electron linac has been developed at Accelerator and Pulse Power Division, BARC. To obtain the image of scanned objects with good resolution requires a focused electron beam at the target. This paper presents the design, development and integration of a solenoid magnet with a compact RF linac and its performance with electron beam for cargo scanning applications.

  7. Study of the level structure of 108Ag

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sethi J.


    Full Text Available The high spin structure of 108Ag nucleus has been studied using the reaction 11B + 100Mo at 39 MeV with Indian National Gamma Array (INGA at TIFR-BARC accelerator facility. From the two- and higher-fold coincidence analysis of the emitted γ-rays, the level structure of the nucleus is built, with addition of around ∼ 60 new transitions. A new positive parity dipole band has been observed and significant additions have been made in the low spin region. A pair of nearly degenerate, negative parity, dipole bands is established, which is studied using the triaxial projected shell model (TPSM.

  8. Información recibida por las mujeres diagnosticadas de cáncer de mama


    Blanco Sánchez, Rafaela


    Objetivo: analizar la información que reciben las mujeres que adolecen de cáncer de mama. Ilustrar qué entienden de dichas explicaciones. Analizar qué dificultades tienen los profesionales para transmitir la información del proceso.Metodología: cualitativa fenomenológica. Se realizaron 34 entrevistas en profundidad (a 29 mujeres, 1 hombre y 4 médicos) en los servicios específicos del Hospital Universitari Vall d’Hebron y en ginecología del Centro de Atención Primaria de Salud La Mina de Barce...

  9. Selected bibliography on heavy water, tritiated water and hydrogen isotopes (1981-1992) (United States)

    Gopalakrishnan, V. T.; Sutawane, U. B.; Rathi, B. N.

    A selected bibliography on heavy water, tritiated water and hydrogen isotopes is presented. This bibliography covers the period 1981-1992 and is in continuation to Division's earlier report BARC-1192 (1983). The sources of information for this compilation are Chemical Abstracts, INIS Atom Index and also some scattered search through journals and reports available in our library. No claim is made towards exhaustiveness of this bibliography even though sincere attempts have been made for a wide coverage. The bibliography is arranged under the headings: (1) production, purification, recovery, reprocessing and storage; (2) isotope exchange; (3) isotope analysis; (4) properties; and (5) miscellaneous. Total number of references in the bibliography are 1762.

  10. Two-dimensional airflow modeling underpredicts the wind velocity over dunes


    Britt Michelsen; Severin Strobl; Parteli, Eric J. R.; Thorsten Pöschel


    We investigate the average turbulent wind field over a barchan dune by means of Computational Fluid Dynamics. We find that the fractional speed-up ratio of the wind velocity over the three-dimensional barchan shape differs from the one obtained from two-dimensional calculations of the airflow over the longitudinal cut along the dune’s symmetry axis — that is, over the equivalent transverse dune of same size. This finding suggests that the modeling of the airflow over the central slice of barc...

  11. Design studies of a high-current radiofrequency quadrupole for accelerator-driven systems programme

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S V L S Rao; P Singh


    A 3 MeV, 30 mA radiofrequency quadrupole (RFQ) accelerator has been designed for the low-energy high-intensity proton accelerator (LEHIPA) project at BARC, India. The beam and cavity dynamics studies were performed using the computer codes LIDOS, TOUTATIS, SUPERFISH and CST microwave studio. We have followed the conventional design technique with slight modifications and compared that with the equipartitioned (EP) type of design. The sensitivity of the RFQ to the variation of input beam Twiss–Courant parameters and emittance has also been studied. In this article we discuss both design strategies and the details of the 3D cavity simulation studies.

  12. LHDAC setup for high temperature and high pressure studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Patel, Nishant N., E-mail:; Meenakshi, S., E-mail:; Sharma, Surinder M., E-mail: [High Pressure and Synchrotron Radiation Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai-400085 (India)


    A ytterbium fibre laser (λ = 1.07 μm) based laser heated diamond anvil cell (LHDAC) facility has been recently set up at HP and SRPD, BARC for simultaneous high temperature and high pressure investigation of material properties. Synthesis of GaN was carried out at pressure of ∼9 GPa and temperature of ∼1925 K in a Mao-Bell type diamond anvil cell (DAC) using the LHDAC facility. The retrieved sample has been characterized using our laboratory based micro Raman setup.

  13. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U02610-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 12-L20JR CccABb Cajanus cajan genomic clon... 52 0.028 1 ( FI238074 ) CccaBb015-C24JR CccABb Cajanus caja...z... 50 0.11 1 ( FI262698 ) CccaBb041-L13JR CccABb Cajanus cajan genomic clon... 50 0.11 1 ( CT419388 ) Sus ...52 0.028 1 ( BH126744 ) BARC-Satt578 Size-selected soybean genomic Glycin... 52 0.028 1 ( FI249972 ) CccaBb0

  14. Inclusive Charm Production in Two-Photon Collisions at LEP

    CERN Document Server

    Acciarri, M; Adriani, O; Aguilar-Benítez, M; Alcaraz, J; Alemanni, G; Allaby, James V; Aloisio, A; Alviggi, M G; Ambrosi, G; Anderhub, H; Andreev, V P; Angelescu, T; Anselmo, F; Arefev, A; Azemoon, T; Aziz, T; Bagnaia, P; Baksay, L; Balandras, A; Ball, R C; Banerjee, S; Banerjee, Sw; Banicz, K; Barczyk, A; Barillère, R; Barone, L; Bartalini, P; Basile, M; Battiston, R; Bay, A; Becattini, F; Becker, U; Behner, F; Berdugo, J; Berges, P; Bertucci, B; Betev, B L; Bhattacharya, S; Biasini, M; Biland, A; Blaising, J J; Blyth, S C; Bobbink, Gerjan J; Böck, R K; Böhm, A; Boldizsar, L; Borgia, B; Bourilkov, D; Bourquin, Maurice; Braccini, S; Branson, J G; Brigljevic, V; Brochu, F; Buffini, A; Buijs, A; Burger, J D; Burger, W J; Busenitz, J K; Button, A M; Cai, X D; Campanelli, M; Capell, M; Cara Romeo, G; Carlino, G; Cartacci, A M; Casaus, J; Castellini, G; Cavallari, F; Cavallo, N; Cecchi, C; Cerrada-Canales, M; Cesaroni, F; Chamizo-Llatas, M; Chang, Y H; Chaturvedi, U K; Chemarin, M; Chen, A; Chen, G; Chen, G M; Chen, H F; Chen, H S; Chéreau, X J; Chiefari, G; Cifarelli, Luisa; Cindolo, F; Civinini, C; Clare, I; Clare, R; Coignet, G; Colijn, A P; Colino, N; Costantini, S; Cotorobai, F; de la Cruz, B; Csilling, Akos; Dai, T S; van Dalen, J A; D'Alessandro, R; De Asmundis, R; Déglon, P L; Degré, A; Deiters, K; Della Volpe, D; Denes, P; De Notaristefani, F; De Salvo, A; Diemoz, M; Van Dierendonck, D N; Di Lodovico, F; Dionisi, C; Dittmar, Michael; Dominguez, A; Doria, A; Dova, M T; Duchesneau, D; Dufournaud, D; Duinker, P; Durán, I; El-Mamouni, H; Engler, A; Eppling, F J; Erné, F C; Extermann, Pierre; Fabre, M; Faccini, R; Falagán, M A; Falciano, S; Favara, A; Fay, J; Fedin, O; Felcini, Marta; Ferguson, T; Ferroni, F; Fesefeldt, H S; Fiandrini, E; Field, J H; Filthaut, Frank; Fisher, P H; Fisk, I; Forconi, G; Fredj, L; Freudenreich, Klaus; Furetta, C; Galaktionov, Yu; Ganguli, S N; García-Abia, P; Gataullin, M; Gau, S S; Gentile, S; Gheordanescu, N; Giagu, S; Goldfarb, S; Gong, Z F; Grünewald, M W; van Gulik, R; Gupta, V K; Gurtu, A; Gutay, L J; Haas, D; Hartmann, B; Hasan, A; Hatzifotiadou, D; Hebbeker, T; Hervé, A; Hidas, P; Hirschfelder, J; Hofer, H; Holzner, G; Hoorani, H; Hou, S R; Iashvili, I; Jin, B N; Jones, L W; de Jong, P; Josa-Mutuberria, I; Khan, R A; Kamrad, D; Kapustinsky, J S; Kaur, M; Kienzle-Focacci, M N; Kim, D; Kim, D H; Kim, J K; Kim, S C; Kinnison, W W; Kirkby, Jasper; Kiss, D; Kittel, E W; Klimentov, A; König, A C; Kopp, A; Korolko, I; Koutsenko, V F; Krämer, R W; Krenz, W; Kunin, A; Lacentre, P E; Ladrón de Guevara, P; Laktineh, I; Landi, G; Lapoint, C; Lassila-Perini, K M; Laurikainen, P; Lavorato, A; Lebeau, M; Lebedev, A; Lebrun, P; Lecomte, P; Lecoq, P; Le Coultre, P; Lee, H J; Le Goff, J M; Leiste, R; Leonardi, E; Levchenko, P M; Li Chuan; Lin, C H; Lin, W T; Linde, Frank L; Lista, L; Liu, Z A; Lohmann, W; Longo, E; Lü, Y S; Lübelsmeyer, K; Luci, C; Luckey, D; Luminari, L; Lustermann, W; Ma Wen Gan; Maity, M; Majumder, G; Malgeri, L; Malinin, A; Maña, C; Mangeol, D J J; Marchesini, P A; Marian, G; Martin, J P; Marzano, F; Massaro, G G G; Mazumdar, K; McNeil, R R; Mele, S; Merola, L; Meschini, M; Metzger, W J; Von der Mey, M; Migani, D; Mihul, A; Milcent, H; Mirabelli, G; Mnich, J; Molnár, P; Monteleoni, B; Moulik, T; Muanza, G S; Muheim, F; Muijs, A J M; Nahn, S; Napolitano, M; Nessi-Tedaldi, F; Newman, H; Niessen, T; Nippe, A; Nisati, A; Nowak, H; Oh, Yu D; Organtini, G; Ostonen, R; Palomares, C; Pandoulas, D; Paoletti, S; Paolucci, P; Park, H K; Park, I H; Pascale, G; Passaleva, G; Patricelli, S; Paul, T; Pauluzzi, M; Paus, C; Pauss, Felicitas; Peach, D; Pedace, M; Pei, Y J; Pensotti, S; Perret-Gallix, D; Petersen, B; Petrak, S; Piccolo, D; Pieri, M; Piroué, P A; Pistolesi, E; Plyaskin, V; Pohl, M; Pozhidaev, V; Postema, H; Pothier, J; Produit, N; Prokofev, D; Prokofiev, D O; Quartieri, J; Rahal-Callot, G; Raja, N; Rancoita, P G; Raven, G; Razis, P A; Ren, D; Rescigno, M; Reucroft, S; Van Rhee, T; Riemann, S; Riles, K; Robohm, A; Rodin, J; Roe, B P; Romero, L; Rosier-Lees, S; Roth, S; Rubio, Juan Antonio; Ruschmeier, D; Rykaczewski, H; Sakar, S; Salicio, J; Sánchez, E; Sanders, M P; Sarakinos, M E; Schäfer, C; Shchegelskii, V; Schmidt-Kärst, S; Schmitz, D; Scholz, N; Schopper, Herwig Franz; Schotanus, D J; Schwenke, J; Schwering, G; Sciacca, C; Sciarrino, D; Servoli, L; Shevchenko, S; Shivarov, N; Shoutko, V; Shukla, J; Shumilov, E; Shvorob, A V; Siedenburg, T; Son, D; Smith, B; Spillantini, P; Steuer, M; Stickland, D P; Stone, A; Stone, H; Stoyanov, B; Strässner, A; Sudhakar, K; Sultanov, G G; Sun, L Z; Suter, H; Swain, J D; Szillási, Z; Tang, X W; Tauscher, Ludwig; Taylor, L; Timmermans, C; Ting, Samuel C C; Ting, S M; Tonwar, S C; Tóth, J; Tully, C; Tung, K L; Uchida, Y; Ulbricht, J; Valente, E


    The cross section of charm production in $\\mathrm{\\gamma \\gamma}$ collisions $\\mathrm{\\sigma (e^+e^- \\rightarrow e^+e^-c\\bar{c} X)}$ is measured at LEP with the L3 detector at centre of mass energies from 91 GeV to 183 GeV. Charmed hadrons are identified by electrons and muons from semi-leptonic decays. The direct process $\\mathrm{\\gamma \\gamma \\rightarrow c \\bar{c}}$ is found to be insufficient to describe the data. The measured cross section values and event distributions require contributions from resolved processes, which are sensitive to the gluon density in the photon.

  15. Recursos digitales en la enseñanza y el aprendizaje de la anatomía



    Les jornades d’innovació docent a la Facultat de Veterinària tenen per objectiu l'intercanvi d'experiències docents entre el professorat de la Facultat com a punt de partida per reflexionar sobre l’estat actual de la docència i estimular la inclusió de noves activitats d'innovació als estudis de grau. Aquestes jornades estan organitzades pel Grup d'Innovació Docent de la Facultat de Veterinària amb el suport de la Unitat de Formació i Innovació Docent (OQD) de la Universitat Autònoma de Barce...

  16. First-principles prediction of oxygen octahedral rotations in perovskite-structure EuTiO_{3}


    Rushchanskii, Konstantin Z.; Spaldin, Nicola A.; Marjana Le\\ueai\\u


    We present a systematic first-principles study of the structural and vibrational properties of perovskite-structure EuTiO3. Our calculated phonon spectrum of the high-symmetry cubic structural prototype shows strong M-and R-point instabilities, indicating a tendency to symmetry-lowering structural deformations composed of rotations and tilts of the oxygen octahedra. Subsequent explicit study of 14 different octahedral tilt-patterns showed that the I4/mcm, Imma, and R (3) over barc structures,...

  17. Measurement of the D_(sJ)(2317) and D_(sJ)(2460) Properties in e^+ e^- --> c c-bar Production

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, B; Abrams, G S; Adye, T; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Albert, J; Aleksan, Roy; Allison, J; Allmendinger, T; Altenburg, D; Andreotti, M; Angelini, C; Anulli, F; Aston, D; Azzolini, V; Baak, M; Back, J J; Bailey, S; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Band, H R; Banerjee, Sw; Barate, R; Bard, D J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Barrett, M; Bartoldus, R; Batignani, G; Bauer, J M; Beck, T W; Behera, P K; Bellini, F; Benayoun, M; Berger, N; Bernard, D; Berryhill, J W; Best, D; Bettarini, S; Bettoni, D; Bevan, A J; Bhimji, W; Bianchi, F; Biasini, M; Blanc, F; Blaylock, G; Blinov, A E; Blinov, V E; Bloom, P; Bóna, M; Bondioli, M; Bonneaud, G R; Borgland, A W; Bosisio, L; Boutigny, D; Bowerman, D A; Boyarski, A M; Boyd, J T; Bozzi, C; Brandenburg, G; Brandt, T; Brau, J E; Breon, A B; Briand, H; Brochard, F; Brose, J; Brown, C L; Brown, C M; Brown, D; Brown, D N; Bruinsma, M; Brunet, S; Bucci, F; Buchanan, C; Buchmüller, O L; Bugg, W; Bulten, H; Burchat, Patricia R; Button-Shafer, J; Buzzo, A; Côté, D; Cahn, R N; Calabrese, R; Calcaterra, A; Calderini, G; Campagnari, C; Capra, R; Carpinelli, M; Cartaro, C; Cavallo, N; Cavoto, G; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Chao, M; Charles, E; Charles, M J; Chauveau, J; Chavez, C A; Chen, A; Chen, E; Chen, J C; Chen, S; Cheng, B; Cheng, C H; Chevalier, N; Christ, S; Cibinetto, G; Clark, P J; Claus, R; Cochran, J; Colecchia, F; Coleman, J P; Contri, R; Convery, M R; Cormack, C M; Cossutti, F; Cottingham, W N; Couderc, F; Covarelli, R; Cowan, G; Cowan, R; Crawley, H B; Cremaldi, L M; Cristinziani, M; Crosetti, G; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Dahmes, B; Dallapiccola, C; Danielson, N; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Dauncey, P D; David, P; Davier, M; Davis, C L; Day, C T; De Groot, N; De Nardo, Gallieno; Del Buono, L; Della Ricca, G; Di Lodovico, F; Dickopp, M; Dittongo, S; Dong, D; Dorfan, J; Dorigo, A; Druzhinin, V P; Dubitzky, R S; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W M; Dvoretskii, A; Eckmann, R; Edwards, A J; Egede, U; Eichenbaum, A M; Eigen, G; Eisner, A M; Elmer, P; Elsen, E E; Emery, S; Ernst, J A; Eschenburg, V; Eschrich, I; Fabozzi, F; Faccini, R; Fan, S; Farbin, A; Feltresi, E; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Field, R C; Finocchiaro, G; Flack, R L; Flächer, H U; Flood, K T; Ford, K E; Ford, W T; Forster, I J; Forti, F; Fortin, D; Foulkes, S D; Franek, B J; Frey, R; Fritsch, M; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, Erwin; Gaidot, A; Gaillard, J M; Gaillard, J R; Galeazzi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Gamet, R; Gan, K K; Ganzhur, S F; Gary, J W; Gaspero, M; Gatto, C; Geddes, N I; Gill, M S; Giorgi, M A; Giraud, P F; Giroux, X; Gladney, L; Glanzman, T; Godang, R; Goetzen, K; Golubev, V B; Gopal, G P; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M; Grancagnolo, S; Green, M G; Greene, M G; Grenier, G J; Grenier, P; Gritsan, A V; Grosdidier, G; Groysman, Y; Guo, Q H; Hadavand, H K; Hadig, T; Haire, M; Halyo, V; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Hamon, O; Harrison, P F; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hart, P A; Hartfiel, B L; Harton, J L; Hast, C; Hauke, A; Hawkes, C M; Hearty, C; Held, T; Hertzbach, S S; Heusch, C A; Hicheur, A; Hill, E J; Hitlin, D G; Höcker, A; Hodgkinson, M C; Hollar, J J; Honscheid, K; Hrynóva, T; Hufnagel, D; Hulsbergen, W D; Hutchcroft, D E; Igonkina, O; Innes, W R; Ivanchenko, V N; Izen, J M; Jackson, P D; Jackson, P S; Jacobsen, R G; Jawahery, A; Jayatilleke, S M; Jessop, C P; John, M J J; Johnson, J R; Judd, D; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J; Kagan, H; Karyotakis, Yu; Kass, R; Kelly, M P; Kelsey, M H; Kerth, L T; Khan, A; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kirkby, D; Kitayama, I; Knecht, N S; Koch, H; Kocian, M L; Kofler, R; Kolomensky, Yu G; Koptchev, V B; Kovalskyi, D; Kowalewski, R V; Kozanecki, Witold; Kravchenko, E A; Krishnamurthy, M; Kroeger, R; Kroseberg, J; Kukartsev, G; Kutter, P E; Kyberd, P; Lacker, H M; Lae, C K; Lafferty, G D; Lamsa, J; Lanceri, L; Lange, D J; Langenegger, U; Lankford, A J; Laplace, S; Latham, T E; Lau, Y P; Lavin, D; Lazzaro, A; Le Diberder, F R; Lees, J P; Legendre, M; Leith, D W G S; Lepeltier, V; Leruste, P; Lewandowski, B; Li Gioi, L; Li, H; Libby, J; Lillard, V; Lista, L; Liu, R; LoSecco, J M; Lo Vetere, M; Lockman, W S; Lombardo, V; London, G W; Long, O; Lou, X C; Lu, A; Lü, C; Luitz, S; Luppi, E; Lusiani, A; Lüth, V; Lutz, A M; Lynch, G; Lynch, H L; Lyon, A J; MacFarlane, D B; Macri, M; Malcles, J; Mallik, U; Mancinelli, G; Mandelkern, M A; Manfredi, P F; Mangeol, D J J; Marchiori, G; Margoni, M; Marsiske, H; Martínez-Vidal, F; Mattison, T S; Mayer, B; Mazur, M A; Mazzoni, M A; McKenna, J A; McMahon, T R; Meadows, B T; Messner, R; Meyer, T I; Meyer, W T; Miftakov, V; Mihályi, A; Mir, L M; Mohanty, G B; Mohapatra, A K; Mommsen, R K; Monge, M R; Monorchio, D; Moore, T B; Morandin, M; Morgan, S E; Morganti, M; Morganti, S; Morii, M; Morton, G W; Muheim, F; Müller, D R; Müller-Pfefferkorn, R; Narsky, I; Nash, J A; Nauenberg, U; Neal, H; Negrini, M; Neri, N; Nesom, G; Nicholson, H; Nikolich, M B; Nogowski, R; O'Grady, C P; Ocariz, J; Oddone, P J; Ofte, I; Olaiya, E O; Olivas, A; Olsen, J; Onuchin, A P; Orimoto, T J; Otto, S; Ozcan, V E; Paar, H P; Paick, K; Palano, A; Palombo, F; Pan, Y; Panetta, J; Panvini, R S; Paoloni, E; Paolucci, P; Parry, R J; Passaggio, S; Patel, P M; Patrignani, C; Patteri, P; Payne, D J; Pelizaeus, M; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Peruzzi, I M; Petersen, B A; Petersen, T C; Petrak, S; Petzold, A; Piatenko, T; Piccolo, D; Piccolo, M; Piemontese, L; Pierini, M; Pioppi, M; Piredda, G; Pivk, M; Plaszczynski, S; Playfer, S; Pompili, A; Poropat, P; Porter, F C; Posocco, M; Potter, C T; Prell, S; Prepost, R; Pripstein, M; Pulliam, T; Purohit, M V; Qi, N D; Rahatlou, S; Rahimi, A M; Rama, M; Rankin, P; Ratcliff, B N; Raven, G; Re, V; Reidy, J; Ricciardi, S; Richman, J D; Ritchie, J L; Rizzo, G; Roat, C; Roberts, D A; Robertson, S H; Robutti, E; Roe, N A; Röthel, W; Ronan, Michael T; Roney, J M; Rong, G; Roodman, A; Roos, L; Rosenberg, E I; Rotondo, M; Rubin, A E; Ryd, A; Saeed, M A; Safai-Tehrani, F; Saleem, M; Salnikov, A A; Salvatore, F; Samuel, A; Sanders, D A; Sandrelli, F; Santroni, A; Saremi, S; Sarti, A; Satpathy, A; Schalk, T; Schindler, R H; Schott, G; Schrenk, S; Schubert, J; Schubert, Klaus R; Schumm, B A; Schune, M H; Schwiening, J; Schwierz, R; Schwitters, R F; Sciacca, C; Sciolla, G; Seiden, A; Sekula, S J; Serednyakov, S I; Sharma, V; Shelkov, V G; Shen, B C; Simani, M C; Simi, G; Simonetto, F; Sinev, N B; Skovpen, Yu I; Sloane, R J; Smith, A J S; Smith, J G; Snoek, H L; Snyder, A; Sobie, R J; Soffer, A; Soha, A; Sokoloff, M D; Solodov, E P; Spaan, B; Spanier, S M; Spradlin, P; Stängle, H; Steinke, M; Stelzer, J; Stoker, D P; Stroili, R; Strom, D; Stugu, B; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Summers, D J; Sundermann, J E; T'Jampens, S; Tan, P; Tantot, L; Taras, P; Taylor, F; Taylor, G P; Telnov, A V; Teodorescu, L; Ter-Antonian, R; Therin, G; Thiebaux, C; Thiessen, D; Tiozzo, G; Tisserand, V; Toki, W H; Torrence, E; Tosi, S; Touramanis, C; Treadwell, E; Vasileiadis, G; Vasseur, G; Vavra, J; Verderi, M; Verkerke, W; Vitale, L; Voci, C; Voena, C; Vuagnin, G; Wagner, G; Wagner, S R; Wagoner, D E; Waldi, R; Walsh, J; Wang, K; Wang, P; Wappler, F R; Watson, A T; Weaver, M; Weidemann, A W; Weinstein, A J R; Wenzel, W A; Wilden, L; Williams, D C; Williams, J C; Willocq, S; Wilson, F F; Wilson, J R; Wilson, M G; Wilson, R J; Winter, M A; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Won, E; Wong, Q K; Wormser, G; Wright, D H; Wright, D M; Wu, J; Wu, S L; Xie, Y; Yamamoto, R K; Yang, S; Yarritu, A K; Ye, S; Yéche, C; Yi, J; Young, C C; Yu, Z; Yumiceva, F X; Yushkov, A N; Zallo, A; Zeng, Q; Zghiche, A; Zhang, J; Zhang, L; Zhao, H W; Zhu, Y S; Zito, M; De Sangro, R; Del Re, D; La Vaissière, C de


    The properties of the $\\DsTT$ and $\\DsFE$ mesons are studied using 125 ${\\rm fb}^{-1}$ of $e^+e^- \\to c \\bar{c}$ data collected by the BaBar experiment. Preliminary mass estimates of $[2318.9\\pm 0.3 ({\\rm stat.}) \\pm 0.9 ({\\rm syst.})]$ \\mevcc and $[2459.4 \\pm 0.3 ({\\rm stat.}) \\pm 1.0 ({\\rm syst.})]$ \\mevcc are obtained. Searches are performed for the decay to the $D_s^+$ meson along with one or more $\\piz$, $\\pi^+$, or $\\gamma$ particles. A search is also performed for neutral and doubly-charged partners.

  18. Physics and technology of tunable pulsed single longitudinal mode dye laser

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    G Sridhar; V S Rawat; Nitin Kawade; Sunita Singh; L M Gantayet


    Design and technology demonstration of compact, narrow bandwidth, high repetition rate, tunable SLM dye lasers in two different configurations, namely Littrow and grazing incidence grating (GIG), were carried out in our lab at BARC, India. The single longitudinal mode (SLM) dye laser generates single-mode laser beams of ∼ 400 MHz (GIG configuration) and ∼ 600 MHz (Littrow configuration) bandwidth. Detailed performance studies of the Littrow and GIG dye laser resonators showed that GIG dye laser results in narrower linewidth and broad mode hop free wavelength scanning over 70 GHz. In this paper we present experimental studies carried out on the high repetition rate SLM dye laser system.

  19. Testing Color Evaporation in Photon-Photon Production of $J/\\Psi$ at CERN LEP II

    CERN Document Server

    Éboli, Oscar J P; Mizukoshi, J K


    The DELPHI Collaboration has recently reported the measurement of J/Psi production in photon-photon collisions at LEP II. These newly available data provide an additional proof of the importance of colored c bar{c} pairs for the production of charmonium because these data can only be explained by considering resolved photon processes. We show here that the inclusion of color octet contributions to the J/Psi production in the framework of the color evaporation model is able to reproduce this data. In particular, the transverse-momentum distribution of the J/Psi mesons is well described by this model.

  20. Balneotherapy in the Boghiş Resort


    Gáspár Boróka; Gabriela Dogaru


    The Băile Boghiş resort in Sălaj county is situated in the Barcău depression, at 15 km distance from Şimleu Silvaniei, in a sedative-indifferent climate of hills, at an altitude of 300 m, without excessive temperatures, with a mean annual rainfall of 650 mm. The first evidence of the climate and thermal mineral waters of the resort dates back to the 18th century. The Nuşfalău-Boghiş thermal mineral water reservoir is confined to deep permeable aquiferous layers that correspond to the alter...

  1. Una granja virtual, o como aprender jugando


    Calsamiglia, Sergio


    Les jornades d’innovació docent a la Facultat de Veterinària tenen per objectiu l'intercanvi d'experiències docents entre el professorat de la Facultat com a punt de partida per reflexionar sobre l’estat actual de la docència i estimular la inclusió de noves activitats d'innovació als estudis de grau. Aquestes jornades estan organitzades pel Grup d'Innovació Docent de la Facultat de Veterinària amb el suport de la Unitat de Formació i Innovació Docent (OQD) de la Universitat Autònoma de Barce...

  2. Minimizing wafer defectivity during high-temperature baking of organic films in 193nm lithography (United States)

    Randall, Mai; Longstaff, Christopher; Ueda, Kenichi; Nicholson, Jim; Winter, Thomas


    Demands for continued defect reduction in 300mm IC manufacturing is driving process engineers to examine all aspects of the apply process for improvement. Process engineers, and their respective tool sets, are required to process films at temperatures above the boiling point of the casting solvents. This can potentially lead to the sublimation of the film chemical components. The current methods used to minimize wafer defectivity due to bake residues include frequent cleaning of bake plate modules and surrounding equipment, process optimization, and hardware improvements until more robust chemistries are available. IBM has evaluated the Tokyo Electron CLEAN TRACK TM ACT TM 12 high exhaust high temperature hotplate (HHP) lid to minimize wafer level contamination due to the outgasing of a bottom anti-reflective coating (BARC) films during the high temperature bake process. Goal was to minimize airborne contamination (particles in free space), reduce hotplate contamination build up, and ultimately reduce defects on the wafer. This evaluation was performed on a 193nm BARC material. Evaluation data included visual hardware inspections, airborne particle counting, relative thickness build up measurements on hotplate lids, wafer level defect measurements, and electrical open fail rate. Film coat thickness mean and uniformity were also checked to compare the high exhaust HHP with the standard HHP lid. Chemical analysis of the HHP module residue was performed to identify the source material. The work will quantify potential cost savings achieved by reducing added wafer defects during processing and extending PM frequency for equipment cleaning.

  3. Occurrence, causes, and outcome after switching from ticagrelor to clopidogrel in a real-life scenario: data from a prospective registry. (United States)

    Biscaglia, Simone; Campo, Gianluca; Pavasini, Rita; Tebaldi, Matteo; Tumscitz, Carlo; Ferrari, Roberto


    In randomized clinical trials, ticagrelor has been substituted in roughly one-third of the patients during follow-up. To date, there are no studies addressing safety and modalities of switching from ticagrelor to clopidogrel. The aim of our study is to describe the occurrence, causes, and outcome of the switch from ticagrelor to clopidogrel in a real-life scenario. From June 2013 to March 2015, 586 patients were treated with ticagrelor in our centre. Overall, 101 (17%) patients were switched to clopidogrel through a standardized protocol, and they were followed-up for 12 months. Ischemic and bleeding events were prospectively recorded. The switch from ticagrelor to clopidogrel occurred mostly after discharge (69 ± 40 days), and the most frequent cause was the need of oral anticoagulation treatment, followed by bleeding events. Patients requiring ticagrelor discontinuation were older, more frequently female, with lower body mass index and creatinine clearance if compared to the "non-switched" group. In the 10 days after the switch, we did not observe ischemic adverse events. No definite/probable stent thrombosis was recorded. Before the switch, there was a significant higher occurrence of BARC bleedings in the "switched" group, particularly BARC 1 and 2. Our data confirm that the switch from ticagrelor to clopidogrel is common, and it occurs for several reasons. Our analysis did not demonstrate a significant increase in adverse cardiovascular events in the days following the switch from ticagrelor to clopidogrel, although larger studies are needed to validate our findings.

  4. Quark-flavour violating Higgs decays to charm and bottom pairs in the MSSM

    CERN Document Server

    Ginina, E; Bartl, A; Hidaka, K; Majerotto, W


    We calculate the decay width of $h^0 \\to b \\bar{b}$ in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) with quark-flavour violation (QFV) at full one-loop level. The effect of $\\tilde{c}-\\tilde{t}$ mixing and $\\tilde{s}-\\tilde{b}$ mixing is studied taking into account the constraints from the B-meson data. We discuss and compare in detail the decays $h^0 \\to c \\bar{c}$ and $h^0 \\to b \\bar{b}$ within the framework of the perturbative mass insertion technique using the Flavour Expansion Theorem. The deviation of both decay widths from the Standard Model results can be quite large. While in $h^0 \\to c \\bar{c}$ it is almost entirely due to the flavour violating part of the MSSM, in $h^0 \\to b \\bar{b}$ it is mainly due to the flavour conserving part. Nevertheless, $\\Gamma(h^0 \\to b \\bar{b})$ can fluctuate up to $\\sim 7\\%$ due to QFV chargino exchange with large $\\tilde{c}-\\tilde{t}$ mixing. due to QFV chargino exchange with large $\\tilde{c}-\\tilde{t}$ mixing.


    CERN Document Server

    Kumar, Ramandeep


    The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment is a general purpose detector being operated at Large Hadron Collider (LHC) facility at CERN. The RE4 upgrade project was envisaged to improve the Level-1 trigger efficiency in the forward region, when LHC would run at its full designed energy and luminosity after the first Long Shutdown (LS-1, 2013-2014). About 200 RPCs were built for the upgrade at three assembly sites in India, CERN and Ghent. India contributed to 50, RE4/2 RPCs along with 200 Cu-cooling units for the entire upgrade for which the assembly and characterization of RPCs was carried out jointly by Nuclear Physics Division-BARC and Panjab University-Chandigarh. The gas-gaps after their arrival from KODEL, South Korea, underwent mechanical tests for leak and popped spacers, followed by electrical tests for long term monitoring of leakage currents. After the assembly, each RPC was evaluated for its efficiency, cluster size, noise and strip profiles. The Cu-cooling units build at BARC were also tested acc...

  6. Mercury's gravity, tides, and spin from MESSENGER radio science data

    CERN Document Server

    Verma, Ashok Kumar


    We analyze radio tracking data obtained during 1311 orbits of the MESSENGER spacecraft in the period March 2011 to April 2014. A least-squares minimization of the residuals between observed and computed values of two-way range and Doppler allows us to solve for a model describing Mercury's gravity, tidal response, and spin state. We use a spherical harmonic representation of the gravity field to degree and order 40 and report error bars corresponding to 10 times the formal uncertainties of the fit. Our estimate of the product of Mercury's mass and the gravitational constant, $GM = (22031.87404 \\pm 9 \\times 10^{-4})$ km$^{3}$s$^{-2}$, is in excellent agreement with published results. Our solution for the geophysically important second-degree coefficients ($\\bar{C}_{2,0} = -2.25100 \\times 10^{-5} \\pm 1.3 \\times 10^{-9}$, $\\bar{C}_{2,2} = 1.24973 \\times 10^{-5} \\pm 1.2 \\times 10^{-9}$) confirms previous estimates to better than 0.4\\% and, therefore, inferences about Mercury's moment of inertia and interior struc...

  7. Verification of the sputter-generated 32SFn- (n = 1-6) anions by accelerator mass spectrometry (United States)

    Mane, R. G.; Surendran, P.; Kumar, Sanjay; Nair, J. P.; Yadav, M. L.; Hemalatha, M.; Thomas, R. G.; Mahata, K.; Kailas, S.; Gupta, A. K.


    Recently, we have performed systematic Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS) measurements at our ion source test set up and have demonstrated that gas phase 32SFn- (n = 1-6) anions for all size 'n' can be readily generated from a variety of surfaces undergoing Cs+ ion sputtering in the presence of high purity SF6 gas by employing the gas spray-cesium sputter technique. In our SIMS measurements, the isotopic yield ratio 34SFn-/32SFn- (n = 1-6) was found to be close to its natural abundance but not for all size 'n'. In order to gain further insight into the constituents of these molecular anions, ultra sensitive Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) measurements were conducted with the most abundant 32SFn- (n = 1-6) anions, at BARC-TIFR 14 UD Pelletron accelerator. The results from these measurements are discussed in this paper.

  8. Honolulu Rail Transit: International Lessons in Linking Form, Design, and Transportation

    CERN Document Server

    Boeing, Geoff


    The city of Honolulu, Hawaii is currently planning and developing a new rail transit system. While Honolulu has supportive density and topography for rail transit, questions remain about its ability to effectively integrate urban design and accessibility across the system. Every transit trip begins and ends with a walking trip from origins and to destinations: transportation planning must account for pedestrian safety, comfort, and access. Ildefons Cerda's 19th century utopian plan for Barcelona's Eixample district produced a renowned, livable urban form. The Eixample, with its well-integrated rail transit, serves as a model of urban design, land use, transportation planning, and pedestrian-scaled streets working in synergy to produce accessibility. This study discusses the urban form of Honolulu and the history and planning of its new rail transit system. Then it reviews the history of Cerda's plan for the Eixample and discusses its urban form and performance today. Finally it draws several lessons from Barc...

  9. PREFACE: 5th DAE-BRNS Workshop on Hadron Physics (Hadron 2011) (United States)

    Jyoti Roy, Bidyut; Chatterjee, A.; Kailas, S.


    The 5th DAE-BRNS Workshop on Hadron Physics was held at the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Mumbai from 31 October to 4 November 2011. This workshop series, supported by the Board of Research in Nuclear Sciences, Department of Atomic Energy (BRNS, DAE), Govt. of India, began ten years ago with the first one being held at BARC, Mumbai in October 2002. The second one was held at Puri in 2005, organized jointly by Institute of Physics, Bhubneswar and Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata. The 3rd and 4th ones took place, respectively, at Shantineketan in 2006, organized by Visva Bharati University, and at Aligarh in 2008, organized by Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh. The aim of the present workshop was to bring together the experts and young researchers in the field of hadron physics (both experiment and theory) and to have in-depth discussions on the current research activities in this field. The format of the workshop was: a series of review lectures by various experts from India and abroad, the presentation of advanced research results by researchers in the field, and a review of major experimental programs being planned and pursued in major laboratories in the field of hadron physics, with the aim of providing a platform for the young participants for interaction with their peers. The upcoming international FAIR facility at GSI is a unique future facility for studies of hadron physics in the charm sector and hyper nuclear physics. The Indian hadron physics community is involved in this mega science project and is working with the PANDA collaboration on the development of detectors, simulation and software tools for the hadron physics programme with antiprotons at FAIR. A one-day discussion session was held at this workshop to discuss India-PANDA activities, the current collaboration status and the work plan. This volume presents the workshop proceedings consisting of lectures and seminars which were delivered during the workshop. We are thankful to

  10. Role of near threshold resonances in intermediate energy nuclear physics

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    B K Jain; N J Upadhyay


    The presence of a resonance close to the threshold strongly effects the dynamics of the interacting particles at low energies. Production of 12C, the element for life, in 4He burning in Sun is a classic example of such a situation. In intermediate energy nuclear physics, this situation arises in the interactions of an -meson with a nucleon and that of a −-meson with a proton at low energies, where both these systems have a resonance or a bound state near their thresholds, resulting in a strong attractive interaction. If putting these mesons in nuclear environment produces a strong attraction, it is possible that, in nature there may exist - and −-nuclear bound states. Such a tantalizing possibility has led to experimental and theoretical programmes to search for them. These efforts have produced positive results. This paper gives a brief critical overview of these studies, emphasizing especially the efforts led by Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC).

  11. Combustion synthesis and preliminary luminescence studies of LiBaPO4 : Tb3+ phosphor

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    C B Palan; N S Bajaj; A Soni; M S Kulkarni; S K Omanwar


    The polycrystalline sample of LiBaPO4 : Tb3+ (LBPT) was successfully synthesized by solution combustion synthesis and studied for its luminescence characteristics. The thermoluminescence (TL) glow curve of LBPT material consists of two peaks at 204.54 and 251.21°C. The optimum concentration was 0.005 mol to obtain the higher TL intensity compared to commercial TLD-100 phosphor. The peak shape method was used to calculate kinetic parameter (activation energy and frequency factor). In CW-OSL mode its sensitivity for beta exposure was found to be 50% compared to commercially available -Al2O3 : C and 40% than LMP (BARC), and photoluminescence spectrum of LBPT shows green emission when excited with 225 nm UV source.

  12. Compact inductive energy storage pulse power system. (United States)

    K, Senthil; Mitra, S; Roy, Amitava; Sharma, Archana; Chakravarthy, D P


    An inductive energy storage pulse power system is being developed in BARC, India. Simple, compact, and robust opening switches, capable of generating hundreds of kV, are key elements in the development of inductive energy storage pulsed power sources. It employs an inductive energy storage and opening switch power conditioning techniques with high energy density capacitors as the primary energy store. The energy stored in the capacitor bank is transferred to an air cored storage inductor in 5.5 μs through wire fuses. By optimizing the exploding wire parameters, a compact, robust, high voltage pulse power system, capable of generating reproducibly 240 kV, is developed. This paper presents the full details of the system along with the experimental data.

  13. 应用SSR分子标记分析小麦品种(系)的遗传重组%Genetic Recombination in Wheat Using SSR Markers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李小军; 冯素伟; 李淦; 董娜; 陈向东; 宋杰; 茹振钢


    To understand the characteristics of inheritance and recombination of parental chromosome fragments in wheat proge-nies, we screened the genomes of 23 genotypes derived from Zhoumai 18 and Bainong AK58 with 340 SSR markers covering the whole wheat genome, together with the parents. The average recombination frequency in cultivars from single-cross was 12.3, which was smaller than that in cultivars from single backcross (13.9). Recombination mostly occurred on chromosomes 4A, 5A, 7A, 1B, 3B, 4B, 7B, 1D, 2D, 3D, 5D, 6D, and 7D. The distal and central chromosomal regions had similar frequencies of recom-bination which were 6.1, and 6.0, respectively. Some chromosomal regions were hot in recombination, such as marker intervals gwm358–wmc357 on chromosome 5D, cfd49–barc196 on chromosome 6D, wmc158–barc23 on chromosome 7A, and gwm274–gwm146 on chromosome 7B, with 35, 19, 15, and 14 recombination events, respectively. The analysis for inheritance of large linkage blocks indicated that large chromosome fragments inherited from one parent varied from 14 to 29 in each derivative, with 2–8 consecutive and informative SSR loci in a fragment. These large fragments were mainly distributed on chromosomes 4A, 5A, 5B, 5D, and 7D, which might harbor genes controlling important agronomic traits.%  为了解小麦品种形成中亲本基因组的遗传重组和遗传保留区段的分布特点,对周麦18和百农AK58及其衍生品系共23个材料进行了全基因组SSR扫描分析.遗传重组分析表明,单交组合的平均重组数(12.3)低于回交组合(13.9);染色体4A、5A、7A、1B、3B、4B、7B、1D、2D、3D、5D、6D和7D重组发生较多,其余染色体重组相对较少,染色体的中间区段与远端区段重组数相当,分别为6.1和6.0.子代间基因组比较发现,一些染色体区段成为重组的多发区,如5D的gwm358–wmc357、6D的cfd49–barc196、7A的wmc158–barc23和7B的gwm274–gwm146区段,分别有35、19

  14. Accelerator development in India for ADS programme

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    P Singh; S V L S Rao; Rajni Pande; T Basak; Shwetha Roy; M Aslam; P Jain; S C L Srivastava; Rajesh Kumar; P K Nema; S Kailas; V C Sahni


    At BARC, development of a Low Energy High Intensity Proton Accelerator (LEHIPA), as front-end injector of the 1 GeV accelerator for the ADS programme, has been initiated. The major components of LEHIPA (20 MeV, 30 mA) are a 50 keV ECR ion source, a 3 MeV Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) and a 20 MeV drift tube linac (DTL). The Low Energy Beam Transport (LEBT) and Medium Energy Beam Transport (MEBT) lines match the beam from the ion source to RFQ and from RFQ to DTL respectively. Design of these systems has been completed and fabrication of their prototypes has started. Physics studies of the 20{1000 MeV part of the Linac are also in progress. In this paper, the present status of this project is presented.

  15. ENSTAR detector for -mesic studies

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A Chatterjee; B J Roy; V Jha; P Shukla; H Machnder; GEM Collaboration


    We have initiated a search for a new type of nuclear matter, the -mesic nucleus, using beams from the multi-GeV hadron facility, COSY at Juelich, Germany. A large acceptance scintillator detector, ENSTAR has been designed and built at BARC, Mumbai and fully assembled and tested at COSY. A test run for calibration and evaluation has been completed. In this contribution we present the design and technical details of the ENSTAR detector and how it will be used to detect protons and pions (the decay products of -mesic bound state). The detector is made of plastic scintillators arranged in three concentric cylindrical layers. The readout of the detectors is by means of optical fibres. The layers are used to generate - spectra for particle identification and total energy information of stopped particles. The granularity of the detector allows for position ( and ) determination making the event reconstruction kinematically complete.

  16. Combined results on b-hadron production rates and decay properties

    CERN Document Server

    Abbaneo, D; Andreev, V; Barberio, E; Battaglia, Marco; Blyth, S; Boix, G; Calvi, M; Checchia, P; Coyle, P; Di Ciaccio, Lucia; Gagnon, P; Hawkings, R; Hayes, O J; Henrard, P; Hessing, T L; Kroll, I J; Leroy, O; Lucchesi, D; Margoni, M; Mele, S; Moser, H G; Muheim, F; Palla, Fabrizio; Pallin, D; Parodi, F; Paulini, M; Piotto, E; Privitera, P; Rosnet, P; Roudeau, Patrick; Rousseau, D; Schneider, O; Shepherd-Themistocleous, C H; Simonetto, F; Spagnolo, P; Stocchi, A; Su, D; Usher, T; Weiser, C; Wicklund, B; Willocq, S; CERN. Geneva


    Combined results on b-hadron lifetimes, b-hadron production rates, B^0_d - \\bar{B^0_d} and B^0_S - \\bar{B^0_s} oscillations, the decay width difference between the mass eigenstates of the B^0_s - \\bar{B^0_s} system, the average number of c and \\bar{c} quarks in b-hadron decays, and searches for CP violation in the B^0_d - \\bar{B-0_d} system are presented. They have been obtained from published and preliminary measurements available in Summer 2000 from the ALEPH, CDF, DELPHI, L3, OPAL and SLD Collaborations. These results have been used to determine the parameters of the CKM unitarity triangle.

  17. Characterization of neutron transmutation doped (NTD) Ge for low temperature sensor development

    CERN Document Server

    Mathimalar, S; Dokania, N; Nanal, V; Pillay, R G; Pal, S; Ramakrishnan, S; Shrivastava, A; Maheshwari, Priya; Pujari, P K; Ojha, S; Kanjilal, D; Jagadeesan, K C; Thakare, S V


    Development of NTD Ge sensors has been initiated for low temperature (mK) thermometry in The India-based Tin detector (TIN.TIN). NTD Ge sensors are prepared by thermal neutron irradiation of device grade Ge samples at Dhruva reactor, BARC, Mumbai. Detailed measurements have been carried out in irradiated samples for estimating the carrier concentration and fast neutron induced defects. The Positron Annihilation Lifetime Spectroscopy (PALS) measurements indicated monovacancy type defects for all irradiated samples, while Channeling studies employing RBS with 2 MeV alpha particles, revealed no significant defects in the samples exposed to fast neutron fluence of $\\sim 4\\times10^{16}/cm^2$. Both PALS and Channeling studies have shown that vacuum annealing at 600 $^\\circ$C for $\\sim2$ hours is sufficient to recover the damage in the irradiated samples, thereby making them suitable for the sensor development.

  18. Comparative study of laminar and turbulent flow model with different operating parameters for radio frequency-inductively coupled plasma torch working at 3  MHz frequency at atmospheric pressure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Punjabi, Sangeeta B., E-mail: [Electrical Engineering Department, V.J.T.I., Matunga, Mumbai 400019 (India); Department of Physics, University of Mumbai, Kalina, Santacruz (E), Mumbai 400098 (India); Sahasrabudhe, S. N.; Das, A. K. [Laser and Plasma Technology Division, BARC, Mumbai 400085 (India); Joshi, N. K. [Faculty of Engineering and Technology, MITS, Lakshmangarh (Sikar), Rajasthan 332311 (India); Mangalvedekar, H. A. [Electrical Engineering Department, V.J.T.I., Matunga, Mumbai 400019 (India); Kothari, D. C. [Department of Physics, University of Mumbai, Kalina, Santacruz (E), Mumbai 400098 (India)


    This paper provides 2D comparative study of results obtained using laminar and turbulent flow model for RF (radio frequency) Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) torch. The study was done for the RF-ICP torch operating at 50 kW DC power and 3 MHz frequency located at BARC. The numerical modeling for this RF-ICP torch is done using ANSYS software with the developed User Defined Function. A comparative study is done between laminar and turbulent flow model to investigate how temperature and flow fields change when using different operating conditions such as (a) swirl and no swirl velocity for sheath gas flow rate, (b) variation in sheath gas flow rate, and (c) variation in plasma gas flow rate. These studies will be useful for different material processing applications.

  19. Plastic scintillator-based hodoscope for the characterization of large-area resistive plate chambers

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)



    A scintillator-based hodoscope is fully operational at Nuclear Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (NPD-BARC). It was used for characterizing the resistive plate chambers (RPCs) assembled for the RE4 upgrade for the compact muon solenoid (CMS) experiment, installed during the long shut-down (LS1) using cosmic muons. It has now been employed for R & D related to gas mixtures and glass RPCs for the Indiabased neutrino observatory (INO) and muon tomography studies. The hodoscope is equipped with gas flow lines,LV, HV and VME-based DAQ with multihit TDCs. CERN-based software was adapted, implemented and along with the cosmic trigger, was used to evaluate the functional parameters for the RPCs, such as efficiency, clustersize etc.

  20. Accelerator development in India for ADS programme (United States)

    Singh, P.; Rao, S. V. L. S.; Pande, Rajni; Basak, T.; Roy, Shweta; Aslam, M.; Jain, P.; Srivastava, S. C. L.; Kumar, Rajesh; Nema, P. K.; Kailas, S.; Sahni, V. C.


    At BARC, development of a Low Energy High Intensity Proton Accelerator (LEHIPA), as front-end injector of the 1 GeV accelerator for the ADS programme, has been initiated. The major components of LEHIPA (20 MeV, 30 mA) are a 50 keV ECR ion source, a 3 MeV Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) and a 20 MeV drift tube linac (DTL). The Low Energy Beam Transport (LEBT) and Medium Energy Beam Transport (MEBT) lines match the beam from the ion source to RFQ and from RFQ to DTL respectively. Design of these systems has been completed and fabrication of their prototypes has started. Physics studies of the 20-1000 MeV part of the Linac are also in progress. In this paper, the present status of this project is presented.

  1. Instrumentation for PSD-based neutron diffractometers at Dhruva reactor

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S S Pande; S P Borkar; S Prafulla; V D Srivastava; A Behare; P K Mukhopadhyay; M D Ghodgaonkar; S K Kataria


    Linear position sensitive detectors (PSDs) are widely used to configure neutron diffractometers and other instruments. Necessary front-end electronics and a data acquisition system [1] is developed to cater to such instruments built around the Dhruva research reactor in BARC. These include three diffractometers with multiple PSDs and four with single PSD. The front-end electronics consists of high voltage units, preamplifiers [2], shaping amplifiers, ratio ADCs (RDC) [3]. The data acquisition system consists of an interface card and software. Commercially available hardware like temperature controller or stepper motor controller connected over GPIB or RS232 are also integrated in the data acquisition system. The data acquisition is automated so that it can continue unattended for control parameter like temperature, thus enabling optimum utilization of available beam time. The instrumentation is scalable and can be easily configured for various instrumental requirements. The front-end electronics and the data acquisition system are described here.

  2. Modification and alignment of beam line of 10 MeV RF electron beam accelerator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barnwal, R; Ghodke, S R; Bhattacharjee, D; Kumar, M; Jayaprakash, D; Chindarkar, A R; Mishra, R L; Kumar, M; P, Dixit K; S, Acharya; Barje, S R; Lawangare, N K; C, Saroj P; Nimje, V T; Chandan, S; Tillu, A R; V, Sharma; Chavan, R B [Accelerator and Pulse Power Division, BARC, Mumbai, India-400085 (India); Dolas, S [Centre for Design and Manufacturing, BARC, Mumbai, India-400085 (India); Kulkarni, S Y [SAMEER, IIT Powai campus, Mumbai, India-400076 (India)], E-mail: (and others)


    A 10 MeV, 10 kW RF industrial Electron linac designed and developed at BARC is installed at the Electron Beam Center Kharghar, Navi Mumbai. The entire RF accelerator assembly consists of Electron gun, RF source, RF linac structure, Beam diagnostic chamber, Drift tube, Scanning magnet, Beam sensing aperture, Scan horn, and is spread over two floors at EBC. The paper discusses in detail about the alignment procedure adopted for the equipments of 10 MeV RF beamline. The complete electron beamline will be maintained under ultra high vacuum of the order of 10-7 torr. The paper discusses about the present problem of alignment, measurement technique of alignment, reason for misalignment, possible ways to solve the problem, equipment used for alignment, supports and arrestors, verification of alignment under vacuum.

  3. Modification & alignment of beam line of 10 MeV RF electron beam accelerator (United States)

    Barnwal, R.; Ghodke, S. R.; Bhattacharjee, D.; Kumar, M.; Jayaprakash, D.; Chindarkar, A. R.; Mishra, R. L.; Dolas, S.; Kulkarni, S. Y.; Kumar, M.; P, Dixit K.; S, Acharya; Barje, S. R.; Lawangare, N. K.; C, Saroj P.; Nimje, V. T.; Chandan, S.; Tillu, A. R.; V, Sharma; Chavan, R. B.; V, Yadav; P, Roychowdhury; Mittal, K. C.; Chakravarthy, D. P.; Ray, A. K.


    A 10 MeV, 10 kW RF industrial Electron linac designed and developed at BARC is installed at the Electron Beam Center Kharghar, Navi Mumbai. The entire RF accelerator assembly consists of Electron gun, RF source, RF linac structure, Beam diagnostic chamber, Drift tube, Scanning magnet, Beam sensing aperture, Scan horn, and is spread over two floors at EBC. The paper discusses in detail about the alignment procedure adopted for the equipments of 10 MeV RF beamline. The complete electron beamline will be maintained under ultra high vacuum of the order of 10-7 torr. The paper discusses about the present problem of alignment, measurement technique of alignment, reason for misalignment, possible ways to solve the problem, equipment used for alignment, supports & arrestors, verification of alignment under vacuum

  4. Recent neutron scattering research and development in India

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S L Chaplot


    A national facility for neutron beam research is operated at the research reactor Dhruva at Trombay in India. The research activities involve various nanoscale structural, dynamical and magnetic investigations on materials of scientific interest and technological importance. Thermal neutron has certain special properties that enable, e.g., selective viewing of parts of an organic molecule, hydrogen or water in materials, investigations on minerals and ceramics, and microscopic and mesoscopic characterization of bulk samples. The national facility comprises of eight neutron-scattering spectrometers in the reactor hall, and another four spectrometers in the neutron-guide laboratory. In addition, a neutron radiography facility and a detector development laboratory are located at APSARA reactor. All the instruments including the detectors and electronics have been developed within BARC. A new powder diffractometer (PD-3) is being developed by UGC-DAE-CSR. The national facility is utilized in collaboration with various universities and other institutions.

  5. 1D Josephson quantum interference grids: diffraction patterns and dynamics (United States)

    Lucci, M.; Badoni, D.; Corato, V.; Merlo, V.; Ottaviani, I.; Salina, G.; Cirillo, M.; Ustinov, A. V.; Winkler, D.


    We investigate the magnetic response of transmission lines with embedded Josephson junctions and thus generating a 1D underdamped array. The measured multi-junction interference patterns are compared with the theoretical predictions for Josephson supercurrent modulations when an external magnetic field couples both to the inter-junction loops and to the junctions themselves. The results provide a striking example of the analogy between Josephson phase modulation and 1D optical diffraction grid. The Fiske resonances in the current-voltage characteristics with voltage spacing {Φ0}≤ft(\\frac{{\\bar{c}}}{2L}\\right) , where L is the total physical length of the array, {Φ0} the magnetic flux quantum and \\bar{c} the speed of light in the transmission line, demonstrate that the discrete line supports stable dynamic patterns generated by the ac Josephson effect interacting with the cavity modes of the line.

  6. Bibliographie



    Abu-Lughod J., 1987 Intemational Joumal of Middle East Studies, 19-2, p. 155-176. Abboud-Haggar S., 1999 El tratado jurídico de al-Tafrī’ de Ibn aI-Ğallāb, manuscrito aIjamiado de Almonacid de la Sierra, Zaragoza, 2 vols. Abboud-Haggar S., a paraitre « Ibn Sahl », Diccionario de Autores y Obras andalusíes, Granada. Abdel-Rahim Muddathir, 1982 « Instituciones juridicas », La ciudad islámica (R.B. Serjeant éd.), Barce1ona, p.49-61. Abdesselem Abou Bekr, 1935 Dictionnaire arabe-français des term...

  7. Thermal analysis and neutron production characteristics of a low power copper beam dump-cum-target for LEHIPA (United States)

    Sawant, Y. S.; Thomas, R. G.; Verma, V.; Agarwal, A.; Prasad, N. K.; Bhagwat, P. V.; Saxena, A.; Singh, P.


    Monte Carlo simulations of heat deposition and neutron production have been carried out for the low power beam dump-cum-target for the 20 MeV Low Energy High Intensity Proton Accelerator (LEHIPA) facility at BARC using GEANT4 and FLUKA. Thermal analysis and heat transfer calculations have also been carried out using the computational fluid dynamics code CFD ACE+. In this work we present the details of the analysis of the low power beam dump-cum-target designed for conditioning of the accelerator upto a maximum power of 600 kW with a duty cycle of 2% which corresponds to an average power of 12 kW in the first phase.

  8. DbarD and DD pair production at the LHCb in the parton Reggeization approach

    CERN Document Server

    Karpishkov, A V; Saleev, V A; Shipilova, A V


    We study the inclusive DbarD and DD pair production in proton-proton collisions at the LHC at lead- ing order of the parton Reggeization approach endowed with universal scale-depended fragmen- tation functions for c-quark to D-meson and for gluon to D-meson transitions. We have described DbarD and DD distributions in azimuthal angle, as well as transverse momentum, rapidity distance, and invariant mass measured in the region of large rapidity 2 < y < 4 by the LHCb Collabora- tion at the LHC without free parameters. We have used Reggeized amplitudes for the processes RR - gg and RR - c barc which are obtained accordingly to Feynman rules of the L.N. Lipatov effective theory of Reggeized partons, and Kimber-Martin-Ryskin model for unintegrated gluon distribution function in a proton with Martin-Stirling-Thorne-Watt collinear parton distributions as inputs.

  9. 2$\\pi$ proportional counting chamber for large-area-coated $\\beta$ sources

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)



    Detection system for measuring absolute emission rate from large-area-coated $\\beta$ sources has been indigenously developed. The system consists of a multiwire-based proportional counter with gas flow and a source mounted within the sensitive volume of the detector. Design of the counter enables efficient counting of emissions in $2\\pi$ solid angle.A provision is made for change ofthe source and immediate measurement of source activity. These sources are used to calibrate the efficiency of contamination monitors at radiological facilities. Sensitive area of the detector covers 165◦ solid angle nearing $2\\pi$ of emission from the source of size $100 \\times 150$ mm. Performance of the chamber is tested using collimated $^{55}$Fe X-ray source and $^{90}$Sr / $^{90}$Y coated $\\beta$ sources of various activities. The activity measurement system is established as a national primary standard for calibration of coated $\\beta$ sources at Radiological Laboratory at BARC. Design and performanceof the chamber are presented.

  10. Radiochemistry in India. A saga of five decades

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Manchanda, V.K. [BARC, Mumbai (India). Radiochemistry Div.; Sungkyunkwan Univ., Suwon (Korea, Republic of). Dept. of Energy Sciences


    Radiochemistry in India essentially blossomed under the auspices of the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) for the last 55 years or so. Major activities in this area are centred at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai (BARC) and Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam (IGCAR). Though there were several centers of excellence which were established by renowned radiochemists during the 1960s at the academic institutions in different parts of the country and nurtured by their close associates during the eighties and nineties, their glamour did not last long and only very few have sustained the challenges presented by social and technological upheaval of last five decades. Board of Research in Nuclear Sciences (BRNS), an organ of DAE has been in the forefront for promotion of education and research in nuclear sciences at academic institutions. It sponsors symposia in Nuclear and Radiochemistry (NUCAR), Nuclear Analytical Chemistry (NAC) and Applications of Radioisotopes in Chemistry, Environment and Biology (ARCEB) which are organized periodically to provide a platform for interaction of the radiochemists within and outside DAE. A professional body, viz. Indian Association of Nuclear Chemists and Allied Scientists (IANCAS), formed in early eighties at BARC, Mumbai has been spearheading the campaign to popularize the subject of radiochemistry in schools and colleges through workshops and publishing monographs and thematic bulletins regularly in the area of interest to the radiochemists. During the last five decades, radiochemistry programme at BARC has centered around attaining excellence in basic research utilizing radiations and radioisotopes to unravel various nuclear and chemical phenomena, related to actinides and fission products. This programme encompassed a number of research and development areas such as nuclear fission, nuclear reactions, nuclear probes for materials study, nuclear and chemical properties of actinides, actinide spectroscopy

  11. Laser pulse heating of nuclear fuels for simulation of reactor power transients

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    C S Viswanadham; K C Sahoo; T R G Kutty; K B Khan; V P Jathar; S Anantharaman; Arun Kumar; G K Dey


    It is important to study the behaviour of nuclear fuels under transient heating conditions from the point of view of nuclear safety. To simulate the transient heating conditions occurring in the known reactor accidents like loss of coolant accident (LOCA) and reactivity initiated accident (RIA), a laser pulse heating system is under development at BARC, Mumbai. As a prelude to work on irradiated nuclear fuel specimens, pilot studies on unirradiated UO2 fuel specimens were carried out. A laser pulse was used to heat specimens of UO2 held inside a chamber with an optically transparent glass window. Later, these specimens were analysed by metallography and X-ray diffraction. This paper describes the results of these studies.

  12. Folded tandem ion accelerator facility at Trombay

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    P Singh


    The folded tandem ion accelerator (FOTIA) project at BARC has been commissioned. The analysed carbon beams of 40 nA(3+) and 25 nA(4+), at terminal voltage of 2.5 MV with N2 + CO2 as insulating gas, were obtained. The beams were characterized by performing the Rutherford back scattering (RBS) on gold, tin and iron targets. The beam energy of 12.5 MeV for 12C4+ was consistent with the terminal voltage of 2.5 MV. The N2 + CO2 mixture is being replaced by SF6 gas in order to achieve 6 MV on the terminal. In this paper, some of the salient features of the FOTIA and its present status are discussed.

  13. Definition of Soybean Genomic Regions That Control Seed Phytoestrogen Amounts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kassem My A.


    Full Text Available Soybean seeds contain large amounts of isoflavones or phytoestrogens such as genistein, daidzein, and glycitein that display biological effects when ingested by humans and animals. In seeds, the total amount, and amount of each type, of isoflavone varies by 5 fold between cultivars and locations. Isoflavone content and quality are one key to the biological effects of soy foods, dietary supplements, and nutraceuticals. Previously we had identified 6 loci (QTL controlling isoflavone content using 150 DNA markers. This study aimed to identify and delimit loci underlying heritable variation in isoflavone content with additional DNA markers. We used a recombinant inbred line (RIL population ( n=100 derived from the cross of “Essex” by “Forrest,” two cultivars that contrast for isoflavone content. Seed isoflavone content of each RIL was determined by HPLC and compared against 240 polymorphic microsatellite markers by one-way analysis of variance. Two QTL that underlie seed isoflavone content were newly discovered. The additional markers confirmed and refined the positions of the six QTL already reported. The first new region anchored by the marker BARC-Satt063 was significantly associated with genistein ( P=0.009 , R 2 =29.5% and daidzein ( P=0.007 , R 2 =17.0% . The region is located on linkage group B2 and derived the beneficial allele from Essex. The second new region defined by the marker BARC-Satt129 was significantly associated with total glycitein ( P=0.0005 , R 2 =32.0% . The region is located on linkage group D1a+Q and also derived the beneficial allele from Essex. Jointly the eight loci can explain the heritable variation in isoflavone content. The loci may be used to stabilize seed isoflavone content by selection and to isolate the underlying genes.

  14. Comparative study of i-line and DUV lithography for 0.35 um and beyond (United States)

    Samarakone, Nandasiri; Chang, Wayne H.; Tandberg, Erik; Elliot, Christina; Wang, Timothy Y.


    New I-line resists are claimed to be usable at 0.35 micrometers design rules. We have examined the suitability of several such materials (JSR IX750, Sumitomo PFi-38a, OCG RX64I) for this purpose and compared them with our production 0.5 micrometers resist, JSR IX700. A variety of criteria have been used, including the measured focus exposure windows at e-min and e-max, DOF vs. CD for grouped and isolated lines as well as contacts, linearity, and proximity response as a function of pitch. A limited study has been done on the impact of embedded phase shift reticles on printing small geometry contacts. We report upon the process improvements observed with two different reticle transmissions, their impact on isofocal bias, as well as the issue of sidelobe formation. Proponents of DUV claim that modern DUV materials exhibit significant advantages in terms of process window and more over are applicable to smaller geometries without the need for supplementary techniques such as phase shifting or modified illumination. In this study, we have examined the performance of a number of DUV materials (BASF ST3.5, OCG ARCH, JSR KRFL2 and an as yet experimental JSR resists) on ASM-L and Nikon excimer laser steppers. Limited results were also obtained using Shipley 2408 and dyed XP-9444 (0.8) on the SVG Micrascan II. Our studies conclude with a comparison of the CD swing observed over a variety of chemically mechanically planarized steps. This has been done for selected I-line and DUV resists with the aid of a TAR or BARC or as in the case of the broad band SVG system either a BARC or a dyed resist.

  15. Association mapping of soybean seed germination under salt stress. (United States)

    Kan, Guizhen; Zhang, Wei; Yang, Wenming; Ma, Deyuan; Zhang, Dan; Hao, Derong; Hu, Zhenbin; Yu, Deyue


    Soil salinity is a serious threat to agriculture sustainability worldwide. Seed germination is a critical phase that ensures the successful establishment and productivity of soybeans in saline soils. However, little information is available regarding soybean salt tolerance at the germination stage. The objective of this study was to identify the genetic mechanisms of soybean seed germination under salt stress. One natural population consisting of 191 soybean landraces was used in this study. Soybean seeds produced in four environments were used to evaluate the salt tolerance at their germination stage. Using 1142 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), the molecular markers associated with salt tolerance were detected by genome-wide association analysis. Eight SNP-trait associations and 13 suggestive SNP-trait associations were identified using a mixed linear model and the TASSEL 4.0 software. Eight SNPs or suggestive SNPs were co-associated with two salt tolerance indices, namely (1) the ratio of the germination index under salt conditions to the germination index under no-salt conditions (ST-GI) and (2) the ratio of the germination rate under salt conditions to the germination rate under no-salt conditions (ST-GR). One SNP (BARC-021347-04042) was significantly associated with these two traits (ST-GI and ST-GR). In addition, nine possible candidate genes were located in or near the genetic region where the above markers were mapped. Of these, five genes, Glyma08g12400.1, Glyma08g09730.1, Glyma18g47140.1, Glyma09g00460.1, and Glyma09g00490.3, were verified in response to salt stress at the germination stage. The SNPs detected could facilitate a better understanding of the genetic basis of soybean salt tolerance at the germination stage, and the marker BARC-021347-04042 could contribute to future breeding for soybean salt tolerance by marker-assisted selection.

  16. PREFACE: International Symposium on Vacuum Science & Technology and its Application for Accelerators (IVS 2012) (United States)

    Pandit, V. S.; Pal, Gautam


    clearly indicates that industry has advanced quite significantly. During the symposium, the Indian Vacuum Society honoured two distinguished personalities for their remarkable and significant contributions to the field of vacuum science and development of technology in the country. Awards were presented for both oral and poster papers during the symposium. A committee evaluated the scientific content and clarity of presentation of contributed papers. We believe that deliberations and discussions at the symposium will help gain a better understanding of the complicated and involved technology of vacuum science and be of benefit to scientists and technologists. Subimal Saha Convener Gautam Pal Co-Convener V S Pandit Secretary Surajit Pal Treasurer Conference photograph International Advisory Committee National Advisory Committee S BanerjeeDAE/IndiaR K Bhandari (Chairman)VECC Rockett AngusAVS/USAD L BandyopadhyayIVS A V Dadve CdrPfeiffer Vac /IndiaS B BhattIPR M Barma TIFR/IndiaK G BhushanBARC R K BhandariVECC/IndiaAlok ChakrabartiVECC R C BudhaniNPL, IndiaD P ChakravartyBARC Shekhar ChanderCEERI/IndiaTushar DesaiMumbai Univ S C ChetalIGCAR/IndiaR DeyVECC K L ChopraIIT Delhi/IndiaS C GadkariBARC Christian DayKIT/GermanyS K GuptaIUVSTA/India Kraemer DieterFAIR/GermanyShrikrishna GuptaBARC L M GantayatBARC/IndiaRajendra JatharAgilent Technologies R B GroverDAE, BARC/IndiaS N JoshiCEERI P D Gupta RRCAT/IndiaD KanjilalIUAC Szajman JakubVSA/AustraliaC MallikVECC R N JayarajNFC/IndiaS G MarkandeyaBRNS S KailasBARC/IndiaK C MittalBARC P K KawIPR/IndiaS NagarjunHHV Bangalore Lalit KumarMTRDC/IndiaK G M NairIGCAR Jean Larour Ecole/FranceGautam Pal (Co-convener)VECC Marminga LiaTRIUMF/CanadaSurajit Pal (Treasurer)VECC Shekhar MishraFermilab/USA V S Pandit (Secretary)VECC Ganapatirao MyneniJlab/USaR G PillayTIFR S V NarasaiahHHV/IndiaMohan PradeepNPL K RadhakrishnanISRO/IndiaY Ranga RaoVac Techniques A S Raja RaoIVS/IndiaR RanganathanSINP T RamasamiDST/IndiaSubimal Saha (Convener

  17. Phenomenological modeling of critical heat flux: The GRAMP code and its validation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahmad, M. [Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences (PIEAS), Islamabad (Pakistan); Chandraker, D.K. [Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai (India); Hewitt, G.F. [Imperial College, London SW7 2BX (United Kingdom); Vijayan, P.K. [Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai (India); Walker, S.P., E-mail: [Imperial College, London SW7 2BX (United Kingdom)


    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Assessment of CHF limits is vital for LWR optimization and safety analysis. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Phenomenological modeling is a valuable adjunct to pure empiricism. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer It is based on empirical representations of the (several, competing) phenomena. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Phenomenological modeling codes making 'aggregate' predictions need careful assessment against experiments. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The physical and mathematical basis of a phenomenological modeling code GRAMP is presented. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The GRAMP code is assessed against measurements from BARC (India) and Harwell (UK), and the Look Up Tables. - Abstract: Reliable knowledge of the critical heat flux is vital for the design of light water reactors, for both safety and optimization. The use of wholly empirical correlations, or equivalently 'Look Up Tables', can be very effective, but is generally less so in more complex cases, and in particular cases where the heat flux is axially non-uniform. Phenomenological models are in principle more able to take into account of a wider range of conditions, with a less comprehensive coverage of experimental measurements. These models themselves are in part based upon empirical correlations, albeit of the more fundamental individual phenomena occurring, rather than the aggregate behaviour, and as such they too require experimental validation. In this paper we present the basis of a general-purpose phenomenological code, GRAMP, and then use two independent 'direct' sets of measurement, from BARC in India and from Harwell in the United Kingdom, and the large dataset embodied in the Look Up Tables, to perform a validation exercise on it. Very good agreement between predictions and experimental measurements is observed, adding to the confidence with which the phenomenological model can be used. Remaining important uncertainties in the

  18. Identification of Leaf Rust Resistance Gene in Wheat Line LB0288%中国小麦LB0288中抗叶锈病基因的鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐爱勇; 李星; 赵振杰


    明确中国小麦LB0288中所含的抗叶锈病基因,找到与其紧密连锁的DNA分子标记.将小麦LB0288和感病小麦品种Thatcher杂交,获得F1、F2代群体,用叶锈菌小FHTT分别对双亲及其杂交后代进行叶锈鉴定并进行标记分析.抗性鉴定结果表明F2代群体时呈现一对显性基因的抗感分离比例,经过亲本和抗感池间标记筛选以及F2代群体的标记检测,位于5DL的SSR标记barc144与抗病基因连锁,遗传距离为5.3 cM,同时Lr1的STS标记与之共分离,根据该基因的抗性特点和染色体位置推断为Lrl.此实验通过抗性鉴定、遗传分析和分子标记等手段确定LB0288中含有小麦抗叶锈病基因Lr1.%The objective of this study was to identify leaf rust resistance gene and its closely linked molecular markers in LB0288. In order to make use of the leaf rust resistance gene in LB0288 effectively, F1 and F2 populations from the cross LB0288/Thatcher were tested with pathotype FHTT for following marker analysis.The results indicated that LB0288 carried a single dominant resistance gene Lr1, closely linked to the STS markers of Lr1 and SSR marker barc144, with genetic distances of 0 cM and 5.3 cM, respectively. Based on the chromosomal location and seedling reactions, it could be concluded that LB0288 carried resistance gene Lr1.

  19. Verification of the sputter-generated {sup 32}SF{sub n}{sup −} (n = 1–6) anions by accelerator mass spectrometry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mane, R.G.; Surendran, P. [Nuclear Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India); Kumar, Sanjay [Physics Department, Agra College Agra, Agra 282002 (India); Nair, J.P.; Yadav, M.L. [Nuclear Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India); Hemalatha, M. [UM-DAE Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences, Mumbai 400098 (India); Thomas, R.G.; Mahata, K. [Nuclear Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India); Kailas, S. [UM-DAE Centre for Excellence in Basic Sciences, Mumbai 400098 (India); Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400 085 (India); Gupta, A.K., E-mail: [Nuclear Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India)


    Recently, we have performed systematic Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS) measurements at our ion source test set up and have demonstrated that gas phase {sup 32}SF{sub n}{sup −} (n = 1–6) anions for all size ‘n’ can be readily generated from a variety of surfaces undergoing Cs{sup +} ion sputtering in the presence of high purity SF{sub 6} gas by employing the gas spray-cesium sputter technique. In our SIMS measurements, the isotopic yield ratio {sup 34}SF{sub n}{sup −}/{sup 32}SF{sub n}{sup −} (n = 1–6) was found to be close to its natural abundance but not for all size ‘n’. In order to gain further insight into the constituents of these molecular anions, ultra sensitive Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) measurements were conducted with the most abundant {sup 32}SF{sub n}{sup −} (n = 1–6) anions, at BARC-TIFR 14 UD Pelletron accelerator. The results from these measurements are discussed in this paper.

  20. Dosimetry and treatment planning of Occu-Prosta I-125 seeds for intraocular lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaudhari Suresh


    Full Text Available Intraocular malignant lesions are frequently encountered in clinical practice. Plaque brachytherapy represents an effective means of treatment for intraocular lesions. Recently Radiopharmaceutical Division, BARC, Mumbai, has indigenously fabricated reasonable-cost I-125 sources. Here we are presenting the preliminary experience of dosimetry of sources, configuration of treatment planning system (TPS and quality assurance (QA for eye plaque therapy with Occu-Prosta I-125 seeds, treated in our hospital, for a patient with ocular lesions. I-125 seeds were calibrated using well-type chamber. BrachyVision TPS was configured with Monte Carlo computed radial dose functions and anisotropy functions for I-125 sources. Dose calculated by TPS at different points in central axis and off axis was compared with manually calculated dose. Eye plaque was fabricated of 17 karat pure gold, locally. The seeds were arranged in an outer ring near the edge of the plaque and in concentric rings throughout the plaque. The sources were manually digitized on the TPS, and dose distribution was calculated in three dimensions. Measured activity using cross-calibrated well-type chamber was within ±10% of the activity specified by the supplier. Difference in TPS-calculated dose and manually calculated dose was within 5%. Treatment time calculated by TPS was in concordance with published data for similar plaque arrangement.

  1. Hyperbilirubinemia in normal healthy donors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arora Veena


    Full Text Available The present study was carried out in B.A.R.C. Hospital Blood Bank over a span of five years, and includes 2734 donors. All the bags were screened for HIV, HBsAg, HCV and VDRL and the plasma in the pilot tubes of the blood bags was observed to detect any abnormality in color. In 27 cases plasma was found to be icteric and liver function tests were carried out on these samples. Two donors showed higher SGPT level, and were excluded. No significant increases in liver enzymes were recorded in the others. Causes of icteric plasma in these apparently healthy donors are discussed. Differential diagnosis includes Gilbert′s disease, hemolytic anemia, drug-induced anemia and other hepatic causes of hyperbilirubinemia, of which Gilbert′s disease is most probable cause with a prevalence of 0.91% in our population. As there are no studies to document the safety of the recipients receiving such abnormal colored plasma as well as to document the hazards in its transfusion, the question arises whether to transfuse such units or not. This study highlights this dilemma. A reassessment of existing policies and regulations is merited.

  2. Study of radioactive impurities in neutron transmutation doped germanium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mathimalar, S.; Dokania, N.; Singh, V. [India-based Neutrino Observatory, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai 400 005 (India); Homi Bhabha National Institute, Anushaktinagar, Mumbai 400 094 (India); Nanal, V., E-mail: [Department of Nuclear and Atomic Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai 400 005 (India); Pillay, R.G. [Department of Nuclear and Atomic Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai 400 005 (India); Shrivastava, A. [Nuclear Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085 (India); Jagadeesan, K.C.; Thakare, S.V. [Isotope Production and Applications Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085 (India)


    A program to develop low temperature (mK) sensors with neutron transmutation doped Ge for rare event studies with a cryogenic bolometer has been initiated. For this purpose, semiconductor grade Ge wafers are irradiated with thermal neutron flux from Dhruva reactor at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Mumbai. Spectroscopic studies of irradiated samples have revealed that the environment of the capsule used for irradiating the sample leads to significant levels of {sup 65}Zn, {sup 110m}Ag and {sup 182}Ta impurities, which can be reduced by chemical etching of approximately ∼50μm thick surface layer. From measurements of the etched samples in the low background counting setup, activity due to trace impurities of {sup 123}Sb in bulk Ge is estimated to be ∼1Bq/g after irradiation. These estimates indicate that in order to use the NTD Ge sensors for rare event studies, a cooldown period of ∼2 years would be necessary to reduce the radioactive background to ≤1mBq/g.

  3. Multifunctional hardmask neutral layer for directed self-assembly (DSA) patterning (United States)

    Guerrero, Douglas J.; Hockey, Mary Ann; Wang, Yubao; Calderas, Eric


    Micro-phase separation for directed self-assembly (DSA) can be executed successfully only when the substrate surface on which the block co-polymer (BCP) is coated has properties that are ideal for attraction to each polymer type. The neutral underlayer (NUL) is an essential and critical component in DSA feasibility. Properties conducive for BCP patterning are primarily dependent on "brush" or "crosslinked" random co-polymer underlayers. Most DSA flows also require a lithography step (reflection control) and pattern transfer schemes at the end of the patterning process. A novel multifunctional hardmask neutral layer (HM NL) was developed to provide reflection control, surface energy matching, and pattern transfer capabilities in a grapho-epitaxy DSA process flow. It was found that the ideal surface energy for the HM NL is in the range of 38-45 dyn/cm. The robustness of the HM NL against exposure to process solvents and developers was identified. Process characteristics of the BCP (thickness, bake time and temperature) on the HM NL were defined. Using the HM NL instead of three distinct layers - bottom anti-reflective coating (BARC) and neutral and hardmask layers - in DSA line-space pitch tripling and contact hole shrinking processes was demonstrated. Finally, the capability of the HM NL to transfer a pattern into a 100-nm spin-on carbon (SOC) layer was shown.

  4. Studies on mutagenic effectiveness and efficiency of gamma rays and its effect on quantitative traits in finger millet (Eleusine coracana L. Gaertn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.R. Ambavane


    Full Text Available Dry seeds (12% moisture of two finger millet cultivar viz., Dapoli-1 and Dapoli Safed were irradiated with four doses of gamma-rays viz., 400 Gy, 500 Gy, 600 Gy and 700 Gy at BARC, Mumbai. In laboratory test, root and shoot lengths of seedlings were decreased with increase in dose of gamma rays. Similarly, germination percentage and survival rate of seedlings were decreased with increase in dose of gamma irradiation during field study. In M1 generation, three types of chlorophyll mutations viz., albino, xantha and viridis were observed. Albino and xantha were observed in all treatments, whereas, viridis observed only in lower doses viz., 400 Gy and 500 Gy. Based on the chlorophyll mutation frequency on M1 plants, mutagenic effectiveness and efficiency were computed. In Dapoli-1 variety, two early maturing mutants and three high yielding mutants were isolated from 500 Gy dose and 600 Gy dose, respectively. In M2 generation, the mutagenic treatments were effective in inducing various types of chlorophyll and morphological macro mutants, few of those show significant change in flowering, maturity and plant height character and few of them have good breeding value.

  5. Helium Leak Detection of Vessels in Fuel Transfer Cell (FTC) of Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR) (United States)

    Dutta, N. G.


    Bharatiya Nabhikiya Vidyut Nigam (BHAVINI) is engaged in construction of 500MW Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR) at Kalpak am, Chennai. In this very important and prestigious national programme Special Product Division (SPD) of M/s Kay Bouvet Engg.pvt. ltd. (M/s KBEPL) Satara is contributing in a major way by supplying many important sub-assemblies like- Under Water trolley (UWT), Airlocks (PAL, EAL) Container and Storage Rack (CSR) Vessels in Fuel Transfer Cell (FTC) etc for PFBR. SPD of KBEPL caters to the requirements of Government departments like - Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), BARC, Defense, and Government undertakings like NPCIL, BHAVINI, BHEL etc. and other precision Heavy Engg. Industries. SPD is equipped with large size Horizontal Boring Machines, Vertical Boring Machines, Planno milling, Vertical Turret Lathe (VTL) & Radial drilling Machine, different types of welding machines etc. PFBR is 500 MWE sodium cooled pool type reactor in which energy is produced by fissions of mixed oxides of Uranium and Plutonium pellets by fast neutrons and it also breeds uranium by conversion of thorium, put along with fuel rod in the reactor. In the long run, the breeder reactor produces more fuel then it consumes. India has taken the lead to go ahead with Fast Breeder Reactor Programme to produce electricity primarily because India has large reserve of Thorium. To use Thorium as further fuel in future, thorium has to be converted in Uranium by PFBR Technology.

  6. Positive parity $D_s$ mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Leskovec, Luka; Mohler, Daniel; Prelovsek, Sasa; Woloshyn, R M


    We study the positive parity charmed strange mesons using lattice QCD, the only reliable ab initio method to study QCD at low energies. Especially the experimentally observed $D_{s0}^*(2317)$ and $D_{s1}(2460)$ have challenged theory for quite some time. The dynamical lattice QCD simulations are performed at two distinct pion masses, $m_{\\pi}$ = 266 MeV and 156 MeV, using both $\\bar{c}s$ as well as $DK$ and $D^*K$ scattering operators in the construction of the correlation matrix in order to take into the account threshold effects. While the $J^P = 0^+$ channel benefited most from the inclusion of scattering operators, it was also crucial for the case of the $D_{s1}(2460)$. Using the L\\"uscher method, which relates the finite volume spectrum to the infinite volume scattering matrix, we were able to determine the near threshold behavior of the scattering amplitude. From it we extracted the binding momenta and the masses of the below-threshold bound states $D_{s0}^*(2317)$ and $D_{s1}(2460)$ by determining the ...

  7. Deformation Behaviour of Coarse Grain Alumina under Shock Loading (United States)

    Gupta, Satish


    To develop better understanding of the shock wave induced deformation behavior of coarse grain alumina ceramics, and for measurement of its Hugoniot Elastic Limit (HEL), in-situ and recovery gas gun experiments have been carried out on coarse grain alumina (grain size ~ 10 μm), prepared in the form of discs (>99.9% TMD) by pressure-less sintering of alpha alumina powder at 1583 K. The HEL value of 1.9 GPa has been determined from the kink in the pressure history recorded using piezoresistance gauge and also from the free surface velocity history of the sample shocked to 9 GPa. The nano-indentation measurements on the alumina samples shocked to 6.5 GPa showed hardness value 15% lower than 21.3 GPa for unshocked alumina, and strong Indentation Size Effect (ISE); the hardness value was still lower and the ISE was stronger for the sample shocked to 12 GPa. The XRD measurements showed reduced particle size and increased microstrains in the shocked alumina fragments. SEM, FESEM and TEM measurements on shock treated samples showed presence of grain localized micro- and nano-scale deformations, micro-cleavages, grain-boundary microcracks, extensive shear induced deformations, and localized micro-fractures, etc. These observations led to the development of a qualitative model for the damage initiation and its subsequent growth mechanisms in shocked alumina. The work performed in collaboration with K.D. Joshi of BARC and A.K. Mukhopadhyay of CGCRI.

  8. Calibration coefficient of reference brachytherapy ionization chamber using analytical and Monte Carlo methods. (United States)

    Kumar, Sudhir; Srinivasan, P; Sharma, S D


    A cylindrical graphite ionization chamber of sensitive volume 1002.4 cm(3) was designed and fabricated at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) for use as a reference dosimeter to measure the strength of high dose rate (HDR) (192)Ir brachytherapy sources. The air kerma calibration coefficient (N(K)) of this ionization chamber was estimated analytically using Burlin general cavity theory and by the Monte Carlo method. In the analytical method, calibration coefficients were calculated for each spectral line of an HDR (192)Ir source and the weighted mean was taken as N(K). In the Monte Carlo method, the geometry of the measurement setup and physics related input data of the HDR (192)Ir source and the surrounding material were simulated using the Monte Carlo N-particle code. The total photon energy fluence was used to arrive at the reference air kerma rate (RAKR) using mass energy absorption coefficients. The energy deposition rates were used to simulate the value of charge rate in the ionization chamber and N(K) was determined. The Monte Carlo calculated N(K) agreed within 1.77 % of that obtained using the analytical method. The experimentally determined RAKR of HDR (192)Ir sources, using this reference ionization chamber by applying the analytically estimated N(K), was found to be in agreement with the vendor quoted RAKR within 1.43%.

  9. Effect of high current electron beam in a 30 MeV radio frequency linac for neutron-time-of-flight applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nayak, B., E-mail:; Acharya, S.; Rajawat, R. K. [Accelerator and Pulsed Power Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400085 (India); DasGupta, K. [Accelerator and Pulsed Power Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai 400085 (India); Beam Technology Development Group, BARC, Mumbai 400085 (India)


    A high power pulsed radio frequency electron linac is designed by BARC, India to accelerate 30 MeV, 10 A, 10 ns beam for neutron-time-of-flight applications. It will be used as a neutron generator and will produce ∼10{sup 12}–10{sup 13} n/s. It is essential to reduce the beam instability caused by space charge effect and the beam cavity interaction. In this paper, the wakefield losses in the accelerating section due to bunch of RMS (Root mean square) length 2 mm (at the gun exit) is analysed. Loss and kick factors are numerically calculated using CST wakefield solver. Both the longitudinal and transverse wake potentials are incorporated in beam dynamics code ELEGANT to find the transverse emittance growth of the beam propagating through the linac. Beam loading effect is examined by means of numerical computation carried out in ASTRA code. Beam break up start current has been estimated at the end of the linac which arises due to deflecting modes excited by the high current beam. At the end, transverse beam dynamics of such high current beam has been analysed.


    CERN Multimedia

    P. Paolucci


    During LS1, the Resistive Plate Chamber (RPC) collaboration is focusing its efforts on installation and commissioning of the fourth endcap station (RE4) and on the reparation and maintenance of the present system (1100 detectors). The 600 bakelite gaps, needed to build 200 double-gap RE4 chambers are being produced in Korea. Chamber construction and testing sites are located at CERN, in Ghent University, and at BARC (India). At present, 42 chambers have been assembled, 32 chambers have been successfully tested with cosmic rays runs and 7 Super Modules, made by two chambers, have been built at CERN by a Bulgarian/Georgian/Italian team and are now ready to be installed in the positive endcap. The 36 Super Modules needed to complete the positive endcap will be ready in September and installation is scheduled for October 2013. The Link-Board system for RE4 is under construction in Naples. Half of the system has been delivered at CERN in June. Six crates (Link-Board Boxes) and 75 boards, needed to instrument t...

  11. Seismic re-evaluation of piping systems of heavy water plant, Kota

    CERN Document Server

    Mishra, R; Soni, R S; Venkat-Raj, V


    Heavy Water Plant, Kota is the first indigenous heavy water plant built in India. The plant started operation in the year 1985 and it is approaching the completion of its originally stipulated design life. In view of the excellent record of plant operation for the past so many years, it has been planned to carry out various exercises for the life extension of the plant. In the first stage, evaluation of operation stresses was carried out for the process critical piping layouts and equipment, which are connected with 25 process critical nozzle locations, identified based on past history of the plant performance. Fatigue life evaluation has been carried out to fmd out the Cumulative Usage Factor, which helps in arriving at a decision regarding the life extension of the plant. The results of these exercises have been already reported separately vide BARC/200I /E/O04. In the second stage, seismic reevaluation of the plant has been carried out to assess its ability to maintain its integ:rity in case of a seismic e...

  12. Numerical Study of Passive Catalytic Recombiner for Hydrogen Mitigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavan K Sharma


    Full Text Available A significant amount of hydrogen is expected to be released within the containment of a water cooled power reactor after a severe accident. To reduce the risk of deflagration/detonation various means for hydrogen control have been adopted all over the world. Passive catalytic recombiner with vertical flat catalytic plate is one of such hydrogen mitigating device. Passive catalytic recombiners are designed for the removal of hydrogen generated in order to limit the impact of possible hydrogen combustion. Inside a passive catalytic recombiner, numerous thin steel sheets coated with catalyst material are vertically arranged at the bottom opening of a sheet metal housing forming parallel flow channels for the surrounding gas atmosphere. Already below conventional flammability limits, hydrogen and oxygen react exothermally on the catalytic surfaces forming harmless steam. Detailed numerical simulations and experiments are required for an in-depth knowledge of such plate type catalytic recombiners. Specific finite volume based in-house CFD code has been developed to model and analyse the working of these recombiner. The code has been used to simulate the recombiner device used in the Gx-test series of Battelle-Model Containment (B-MC experiments. The present paper briefly describes the working principle of such passive catalytic recombiner and salient feature of the CFD model developed at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC. Finally results of the calculations and comparison with existing data are discussed.

  13. Angular analyses of exclusive $\\Bbar\\to X \\ell_1 \\ell_2$ with complex helicity amplitudes

    CERN Document Server

    Dey, Biplab


    We present the differential rates for exclusive $\\Bbar\\to X \\ell_1 \\ell_2$, where $\\ell_1$ is a charged massless lepton and $\\ell_2$ is a charged or neutral massless lepton, and $X$ is a mesonic system up to spin 2. The cases of interest are semileptonic (SL) $\\Bbar\\to \\xcu\\ellm \\barnuell$ decays, and $\\Bbar \\to X_s \\ellm \\ellp$ where the the di-lepton can be $c \\bar{c}$ resonances or non-resonant electroweak penguins (EWP). We consider helicity amplitudes having non-zero relative phases that can be potential new sources for CP-violation. Our motivations for these additional phases include a complex right-handed admixture in the hadronic weak charged current for the SL decays and complex Wilson coefficients in the effective Hamiltonians for the EWP decays. We demonstrate the efficacy of a novel technique of projecting out the individual angular moments in the full rate expression in a model-independent fashion. Our work is geared towards ongoing data analyses at $\\babar$ and LHCb.

  14. Thermal hydraulic studies of spallation target for one-way coupled Indian accelerator driven systems with low energy proton beam

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    V Mantha; A K Mohanty; P Satyamurthy


    BARC has recently proposed a one-way coupled ADS reactor. This reactor requires typically ∼ 1 GeV proton beam with 2 mA of current. Approximately 8 kW of heat is deposited in the window of the target. Circulating liquid metal target (lead/lead-bismuth-eutectic) has to extract this heat and this is a critical R&D problem to be solved. At present there are very few accelerators, which can give few mA and high-energy proton beam. However, accelerators with low energy and hundreds of micro-ampere current are commercially available. In view of this, it is proposed in this paper to simulate beam window heating of ∼ 8 kW in the target with low-energy proton beam. Detailed thermal analysis in the spallation and window region has been carried out to study the capability of heat extraction by circulating LBE for a typical target loop with a proton beam of 30 MeV energy and current of 0.267 mA. The heat deposition study is carried out using FLUKA code and flow analysis by CFD code. The detailed analysis of this work is presented in this paper.

  15. 1 MeV, 10 kW DC electron accelerator for industrial applications (United States)

    Nayak, B.; Acharya, S.; Bhattacharjee, D.; Bakhtsingh, R. I.; Rajan, R.; Sharma, D. K.; Dewangan, S.; Sharma, V.; Patel, R.; Tiwari, R.; Benarjee, S.; Srivastava, S. K.


    Several modern applications of radiation processing like medical sterilization, rubber vulcanization, polymerization, cross-linking and pollution control from thermal power stations etc. require D.C. electron accelerators of energy ranging from a few hundred keVs to few MeVs and power from a few kilowatts to hundreds of kilowatts. To match these requirements, a 3 MeV, 30 kW DC electron linac has been developed at BARC, Mumbai and current operational experience of 1 MeV, 10 kW beam power will be described in this paper. The LINAC composed mainly of Electron Gun, Accelerating Tubes, Magnets, High Voltage source and provides 10 kW beam power at the Ti beam window stably after the scanning section. The control of the LINAC is fully automated. Here Beam Optics study is carried out to reach the preferential parameters of Accelerating as well as optical elements. Beam trials have been conducted to find out the suitable operation parameters of the system.

  16. Nuclear Medicine Therapy : Current Status and Future Prospects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.M. Sharma


    Full Text Available Radioisotope therapy began in 1942 with the use of /sup 131/I for Graves disease and /sup 32/P for polycythemia vera. Local therapy with radioisotopes includes radiocolloids for malignant pleural and peritoneal effusions, intra-articular radiocolloids for chronic synovitis, intra-arterial radioactive microsphere for liver metastases, and intralymphatic administration for malignancies of the lymphatic system. The most widely practised use of radioisotopes for therapy is for the management of hyperthyroidism by /sup 131/I. Each school has developed its own treatment schedule for controlling the disease without producing too unacceptable an incidence of late hypothyroidism. /sup 131/I is also being used effectively for thyroid cancer, particularly at the Radiation Medicine Centre, BARC. There is hope that a new generation of radiolabelled compounds is round the corner for therapy. As in the case of radiopharmaceuticals for diagnosis, the shift has been from simple inorganic compounds to tailored organic ones. Radiolabelled monoclonal antibodies aimed against specific tumour antigens have already shown great promise. Another area of interest is the use of minute lipid spheroids (vesicles enclosing the radioactive drug which can be targeted to the tumour.

  17. (Coordinated research of chemotherapeutic agents and radiopharmaceuticals)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Srivastava, P.C.


    The traveler received a United Nations Development Program (UNDP) Award for Distinguished Scientists to visit Indian Research Institutions including Central Drug Research Institute (CDRI), Lucknow, the host institution, in cooperation with the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) of India. At CDRI, the traveler had meetings to discuss progress and future directions of on-going collaborative research work on nucleosides and had the opportunity to initiate new projects with the divisions of pharmacology, biopolymers, and membrane biology. As a part of this program, the traveler also visited Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute (SGPI) of Medical Sciences, Lucknow; Board of Radiation and Isotope Technology (BRIT) and Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC), Bombay; Variable Energy Cyclotron Center (VECC) and Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Calcutta. He also attended the Indo-American Society of Nuclear Medicine Meeting held in Calcutta. The traveler delivered five seminars describing various aspects of radiopharmaceutical development at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and discussed the opportunities for exchange visits to ORNL by Indian scientists.

  18. ASTEC adaptation for PHWR limited core damage accident analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Majumdar, P., E-mail: [Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Reactor Safety Division, Mumbai 400085 (India); Chatterjee, B.; Lele, H.G. [Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Reactor Safety Division, Mumbai 400085 (India); Guillard, G.; Fichot, F. [Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire (IRSN), PSN-RES/SAG, Cadarache, 13115 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France)


    Under limited core damage accidents (LCDAs) of Pressurized Heavy Water Reactor (PHWR), coolable geometry of the channel might be retained thanks to the presence of moderator heat sink. Indeed, the pressure tube is amenable to creep deformation at high temperature due to internal pressure and fuel bundles weight. Partial or complete circumferential contact between pressure tube and calandria tube aids heat dissipation to the moderator. A new module has been developed by Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) for simulating this phenomenon which is specific to horizontal-type of reactors. It requires additional calculation of pressure tube sagging/ballooning and temperature field in the circumferential direction. The module is well validated with available experimental results concerning pressure tube deformation and the associated heat transfer in the area of contact. It is then used in analysing typical LCDAs scenarios in Indian PHWR under low and medium internal pressure conditions. This module is implemented in the ASTEC IRSN-GRS severe accident code version under development and will thus be available in the next major version V2.1.

  19. Development of liquid scintillation based 4πβ(LS)-γ coincidence counting system and demonstration of its performance by standardization of ⁶⁰Co. (United States)

    Kulkarni, D B; Anuradha, R; Joseph, Leena; Tomar, B S


    A single-vial, single-PMT 4πβ(LS)-γ coincidence counting system has been developed at the Radiation Safety Systems Division, BARC. It has advantages of simple sample preparation, higher counting efficiency and the absence of self absorption over the conventional proportional counter based 4πβ(PC)-γ coincidence counting system. The performance of the system is demonstrated by standardizing a (60)Co solution using the 4πβ(LS)-γ coincidence counting system, 4πβ(PC)-γ coincidence counting system and CIEMAT/NIST method and comparing the results obtained by each method. The detection efficiency of liquid scintillation counter of the 4πβ(LS)-γ coincidence counting system was varied by color quenching, by chemical quenching and by varying the bias voltage applied to the LSC PMT. For the proportional counter based 4πβ(PC)-γ coincidence counting system the detection efficiency was varied by source self absorption. The activity concentrations obtained using the 4πβ(LS)-γ coincidence counting system, the 4πβ(PC)-γ coincidence counting system and the CIEMAT/NIST method are comparable within the uncertainty limits.

  20. Genetic analysis of fertility restoring genes for AL-type male sterility in wheat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Xiaofang; Tian Xiaoming; Nie Yingbin; Mu Peiyuan; Han Xinnian; Sang Wei; Cui Fengjuan; Xu Hongjun; Xiang Jishan


    In order to screen molecular markers linked to fertility restoring genes and further improve the breeding efficiency of restorer lines,in this study,wheat varieties 18A,18B and 99AR144-1 were used as experimental materials to establish F2 fertility-segregating population. Plant quantitative trait“major gene+polygene mixed mo-del”separation analysis method and simple sequence repeat (SSR) molecular markers were adopted for genetic analysis of four generations,including the parents (P1 and P2),and hybrid (Fl and F2) populations. The results show that AL-type fertility restoring gene is controlled by two pairs of additive-dominant-epistatic genes and addi-tive-dominant polygene;two primers linked to fertility restoring genes were selected by SSR molecular markers, including Xgwm95 on chromosome 2A and Barc61 on chromosome 1B,with the linkage distance of 15.0 cM and 18.0 cM,respectively. Based on verification,these two markers are reliable for distinguishing AL-type wheat ste-rile lines and restorer lines.

  1. RF properties of 700 MHz, = 0.42 elliptical cavity for high current proton acceleration

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Amitava Roy; J Mondal; K C Mittal


    BARC is developing a technology for the accelerator-driven subcritical system (ADSS) that will be mainly utilized for the transmutation of nuclear waste and enrichment of U233. Design and development of superconducting medium velocity cavity has been taken up as a part of the accelerator-driven subcritical system project. We have studied RF properties of 700 MHz, = 0.42 single cell elliptical cavity for possible use in high current proton acceleration. The cavity shape optimization studies have been done using SUPERFISH code. A calculation has been done to find out the velocity range over which this cavity can accelerate protons efficiently and to select the number of cells/cavity. The cavity's peak electric and magnetic fields, power dissipation c, quality factor and effective shunt impedance 2 were calculated for various cavity dimensions using these codes. Based on these analyses a list of design parameters for the inner cell of the cavity has been suggested for possible use in high current proton accelerator.

  2. Photoproduction of $J/\\psi$ in association with a $c\\bar{c}$ pair

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Rong


    Based on the color-singlet model, we investigate the photoproduction of $J/\\psi$ associated with a $c \\bar{c}$ pair with all subprocesses including the direct, single-resolved, and double-resolved channels. The amplitude squared of these subprocesses are obtained analytically. By choosing corresponding parameters, we give theoretical predictions for the $J/\\psi$ transverse momentum distributions both at the LEPII and at the future photon colliders for these subprocesses. The numerical results show that at the LEPII these processes can not give enough contributions to account for the experimental data, and it indicates that the color-octet mechanism may still be needed. At the photon collider with the laser back scattering photons, the resolved photon channe will dominate over the direct one in small and moderate $p_t$ regions with large $\\sqrt{s}$. By measuring the $J/\\psi$ production associated with a $c\\bar{c}$ pair, this process can be separated from the inclusive $J/\\psi$ production and may provide a new ...

  3. Positive Parity $D_s$ Mesons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leskovec, Luka [Stefan Inst., Ljubljana; Lang, C. B. [Graz U.; Mohler, Daniel [Fermilab; Prelovsek, Sasa [Stefan Inst., Ljubljana; Woloshyn, R. M. [TRIUMF


    We study the positive parity charmed strange mesons using lattice QCD, the only reliable ab initio method to study QCD at low energies. Especially the experimentally observed $D_{s0}^*(2317)$ and $D_{s1}(2460)$ have challenged theory for quite some time. The dynamical lattice QCD simulations are performed at two distinct pion masses, $m_{\\pi}$ = 266 MeV and 156 MeV, using both $\\bar{c}s$ as well as $DK$ and $D^*K$ scattering operators in the construction of the correlation matrix in order to take into the account threshold effects. While the $J^P = 0^+$ channel benefited most from the inclusion of scattering operators, it was also crucial for the case of the $D_{s1}(2460)$. Using the L\\"uscher method, which relates the finite volume spectrum to the infinite volume scattering matrix, we were able to determine the near threshold behavior of the scattering amplitude. From it we extracted the binding momenta and the masses of the below-threshold bound states $D_{s0}^*(2317)$ and $D_{s1}(2460)$ by determining the pole positions of the scattering amplitudes. Our results compare well with experiment, resolving a long standing discrepancy between theory and experiment.

  4. The physics of accelerator driven sub-critical reactors

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S B Degweker; Biplab Ghosh; Anil Bajpal; S D Pranjape


    In recent years, there has been an increasing worldwide interest in accelerator driven systems (ADS) due to their perceived superior safety characteristics and their potential for burning actinides and long-lived fission products. Indian interest in ADS has an additional dimension, which is related to our planned large-scale thorium utilization for future nuclear energy generation. The physics of ADS is quite different from that of critical reactors. As such, physics studies on ADS reactors are necessary for gaining an understanding of these systems. Development of theoretical tools and experimental facilities for studying the physics of ADS reactors constitute important aspect of the ADS development program at BARC. This includes computer codes for burnup studies based on transport theory and Monte Carlo methods, codes for studying the kinetics of ADS and sub-critical facilities driven by 14 MeV neutron generators for ADS experiments and development of sub-criticality measurement methods. The paper discusses the physics issues specific to ADS reactors and presents the status of the reactor physics program and some of the ADS concepts under study.

  5. Beam halo studies in LEHIPA DTL (United States)

    Roy, S.; Pande, R.; Rao, S. V. L. S.; Krishnagopal, S.; Singh, P.


    The Low Energy High Intensity Proton Accelerator (LEHIPA) project at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) consists of a 20 MeV, 30 mA proton linac. The accelerator comprises of a 3 MeV Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) and a 20 MeV Drift Tube Linac (DTL). In such high intensity accelerators, beam halos are of concern as they not only cause an increase in emittance, but also lead to beam loss and radio activation. We have studied the effect of beam mismatch at the DTL input on halo formation and propagation. The particle core model is used to excite the three envelope eigen modes; the quadrupole mode, the fast mode and the slow mode by giving input beam mismatch. These modes get damped as the beam progresses through the DTL. The damping mechanism is clearly Landau damping and leads to increase in rms emittance of the beam. The evolution of these modes and the corresponding increase in beam emittance and maximum beam extent, as the beam propagates through the DTL, has been studied for different space charge tunes. The halo parameter based on the definition of Allen and Wangler has been calculated. It is seen that beam halos are very important for LEHIPA DTL, even at 20 MeV and leads to emittance and beam size increase and also to beam loss in some cases. The longitudinal halo is present even without mismatch and transverse halos arise in the presence of beam mismatch.

  6. Optimization of solenoid based low energy beam transport line for high current H+ beams (United States)

    Pande, R.; Singh, P.; Rao, S. V. L. S.; Roy, S.; Krishnagopal, S.


    A 20 MeV, 30 mA CW proton linac is being developed at BARC, Mumbai. This linac will consist of an ECR ion source followed by a Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) and Drift tube Linac (DTL). The low energy beam transport (LEBT) line is used to match the beam from the ion source to the RFQ with minimum beam loss and increase in emittance. The LEBT is also used to eliminate the unwanted ions like H2+ and H3+ from entering the RFQ. In addition, space charge compensation is required for transportation of such high beam currents. All this requires careful design and optimization. Detailed beam dynamics simulations have been done to optimize the design of the LEBT using the Particle-in-cell code TRACEWIN. We find that with careful optimization it is possible to transport a 30 mA CW proton beam through the LEBT with 100% transmission and minimal emittance blow up, while at the same time suppressing unwanted species H2+ and H3+ to less than 3.3% of the total beam current.

  7. Precise predictions for $A_H q_-$ associated production in the littlest Higgs model with $T$-parity at the LHC

    CERN Document Server

    Xiao-Dong, Yang; Wen-Gan, Ma; Ren-You, Zhang; Lei, Guo; Xiao-Zhou, Li


    In the framework of the littlest Higgs model with $T$-parity, we present complete calculations for the $A_H q_-$ $(q_-=u_-, \\bar{u}_-,d_-, \\bar{d}_-,c_-, \\bar{c}_-,s_-, \\bar{s}_-)$ associated production up to the QCD next-to-leading order (NLO) at the CERN Large Hadron Collider with subsequent pure weak decay of $T$-odd mirror quark. We apply the PROSPINO scheme to avoid double counting problem and to keep the convergence of the perturbative QCD description. The theoretical correlations between the integrated cross section and the factorization/renormalization scale, the global symmetry breaking scale and the Yukawa coupling parameter are studied separately. We also provide the kinematic distributions of the final decay products. Our numerical results show that the NLO QCD correction reduces the scale uncertainty, and enhances the LO integrated cross section remarkably with the $K$-factor varying in the range of $1.41 \\sim 1.68$ ($1.58 \\sim 1.89$) as the increment of the global symmetry breaking scale $f$ fro...

  8. Identification of Conserved Regulatory Elements in Mammalian Promoter Regions: A Case Study Using the PCK1 Promoter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    George E. Liu; Matthew T. Weirauch; Curtis P. Van Tassell; Robert W. Li; Tad S. Sonstegard; Lakshmi K. Matukumalli; Erin E. Connor; Richard W. Hanson; Jianqi Yang


    A systematic phylogenetic footprinting approach was performed to identify conserved transcription factor binding sites (TFBSs) in mammalian promoter regions using human, mouse and rat sequence alignments. We found that the score distributions of most binding site models did not follow the Gaussian distribution required by many statistical methods. Therefore, we performed an empirical test to establish the optimal threshold for each model. We gauged our computational predictions by comparing with previously known TFBSs in the PCK1 gene promoter of the cytosolic isoform of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, and achieved a sensitivity of 75% and a specificity of approximately 32%. Almost all known sites overlapped with predicted sites, and several new putative TFBSs were also identified. We validated a predicted SP1 binding site in the control of PCK1 transcription using gel shift and reporter assays. Finally, we applied our computational approach to the prediction of putative TFBSs within the promoter regions of all available RefSeq genes. Our full set of TFBS predictions is freely available at

  9. Role of guard rings in improving the performance of silicon detectors

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Vijay Mishra; V D Srivastava; S K Kataria


    BARC has developed large-area silicon detectors in collaboration with BEL to be used in the pre-shower detector of the CMS experiment at CERN. The use of floating guard rings (FGR) in improving breakdown voltage and reducing leakage current of silicon detectors is well-known. In the present work, it has been demonstrated that FGRs can also be used to improve the spectroscopic response of silicon detectors. The results have been confirmed by carrying out -particle ≈ 5 MeV) and -ray (60 keV) spectroscopies with the FGR floating or biased and the underlying physics aspect behind the change in spectra is explained. Although reduction in leakage current after biasing one of the guard rings has been reported earlier, the role of a guard ring in improving the spectroscopic response is reported for the first time. Results of TCAD simulations for silicon detectors with the guard ring under different biasing conditions have been presented. Low yield in producing large-area silicon detectors makes them very costly. However, with one of the FGRs biased even a detector having large surface leakage current can be used to give the same response as a very good detector. This makes the use of large-area silicon detectors very economical as the yield would be very high (> 90%).

  10. Temperature effects on the structure of liquid D-methanol through neutron diffraction

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A Sahoo; S Sarkar; P S R Krishna; R N Joarder


    The study of changes in the structure (H-bonded) of liquid alcohols at elevated temperatures is rare probably due to low flash points of these liquids. An indigenously devised special quartz cell is now used to carry out the structural studies of these liquids at elevated temperatures through neutron diffraction. Here, the liquid consists of deuterated methanol and neutron data was collected on the high- diffractometer at Dhruva, BARC. The corrected data at elevated temperatures (BP (boiling point) and double the BP) show that there is a large change in the H-bonded structure of this liquid. The pre-peak or hump, known to be signature of H-bonded clusters appears to be present at all the three temperatures studied. In the low- (scattering vector) data Ornstein-Zernike (OZ) behaviour is also observed. It is, however, seen that the intramolecular structure does not change very much at higher temperatures. A detailed model analysis is in progress and would be reported later.

  11. Molecular cytogenetic identification of a wheat– Thinopyrum ponticum translocation line resistant to powdery mildew

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)



    Thinopyrum ponticum (2n = 70) serves as a valuable gene pool for wheat improvement. Line SN0224, derived from crosses between Th. ponticum and the common wheat cultivar Yannong15, was identified in the present study. Cytogenetic observations showed that SN0224 contains 42 chromosomes in the root-tip cells and 21 bivalents in the pollen mother cells, therebydemonstrating its cytogenetic stability. Genomic in situ hybridization, probed with the total genomic DNA of Th. ponticum, produced hybridization signals in the distal region of two wheat chromosome arms. After inoculation with the Blumeriagraminis f. sp. tritici (Bgt) isolates, SN0224 exhibited immunity. Segregation in F1s and F2s from the cross SN0224/cv. Huixianhong indicated that SN0224 carries a single dominant gene for powdery mildew (Pm) resistance, which was temporarily designated PmSn0224. Three markers Barc212, Xwmc522 and Xbarc1138 were detected to be linked with PmSn0224. Based on the locations of the markers, PmSn0224 was located on the chromosome 2A. None of the three markers above is linked with the previously reported PM resistance genes on chromosome 2A, and none of the previously reported PM resistance genes on chromosome 2A is related to Th. ponticum. Therefore, PmSn0224 is likely a novel gene putatively from Th. ponticum.

  12. Development of Impregnated Agglomerate Pelletization (IAP) process for fabrication of (Th,U)O 2 mixed oxide pellets (United States)

    Khot, P. M.; Nehete, Y. G.; Fulzele, A. K.; Baghra, Chetan; Mishra, A. K.; Afzal, Mohd.; Panakkal, J. P.; Kamath, H. S.


    Impregnated Agglomerate Pelletization (IAP) technique has been developed at Advanced Fuel Fabrication Facility (AFFF), BARC, Tarapur, for manufacturing (Th, 233U)O 2 mixed oxide fuel pellets, which are remotely fabricated in hot cell or shielded glove box facilities to reduce man-rem problem associated with 232U daughter radionuclides. This technique is being investigated to fabricate the fuel for Indian Advanced Heavy Water Reactor (AHWR). In the IAP process, ThO 2 is converted to free flowing spheroids by powder extrusion route in an unshielded facility which are then coated with uranyl nitrate solution in a shielded facility. The dried coated agglomerate is finally compacted and then sintered in oxidizing/reducing atmosphere to obtain high density (Th,U)O 2 pellets. In this study, fabrication of (Th,U)O 2 mixed oxide pellets containing 3-5 wt.% UO 2 was carried out by IAP process. The pellets obtained were characterized using optical microscopy, XRD and alpha autoradiography. The results obtained were compared with the results for the pellets fabricated by other routes such as Coated Agglomerate Pelletization (CAP) and Powder Oxide Pelletization (POP) route.

  13. QTL mapping for protein content in soybean cultivated in two tropical environments Mapeamento de QTL quanto ao conteúdo de proteína em soja cultivada em dois ambientes tropicais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taís Cristina Bastos Soares


    Full Text Available The objectives of this study were to detect quantitative trait loci (QTL for protein content in soybean grown in two distinct tropical environments and to build a genetic map for protein content. One hundred eighteen soybean recombinant inbred lines (RIL, obtained from a cross between cultivars BARC 8 and Garimpo, were used. The RIL were cultivated in two distinct Brazilian tropical environments: Cascavel county, in Paraná, and Viçosa county, in Minas Gerais (24º57'S, 53º27'W and 20º45'S, 42º52'W, respectively. Sixty-six SSR primer pairs and 65 RAPD primers were polymorphic and segregated at a 1:1 proportion. Thirty poorly saturated linkage groups were obtained, with 90 markers and 41 nonlinked markers. For the lines cultivated in Cascavel, three QTL were mapped in C2, E and N linkage groups, which explained 14.37, 10.31 and 7.34% of the phenotypic variation of protein content, respectively. For the lines cultivated in Viçosa, two QTL were mapped in linkage groups G and #1, which explained 9.51 and 7.34% of the phenotypic variation of protein content. Based on the mean of the two environments, two QTL were identified: one in the linkage group E (9.90% and other in the group L (7.11%. In order for future studies to consistently detect QTL effects of different environments, genotypes with greater stability should be used.Os objetivos deste trabalho foram detectar QTL relativos ao conteúdo de proteína, em soja cultivada em dois ambientes tropicais divergentes, e construir um mapa genético para o conteúdo de proteína em genótipos adaptados a condições tropicais. Foram usadas 118 linhagens recombinantes endogâmicas de soja, obtidas do cruzamento entre as cultivares BARC 8 e Garimpo. A população de linhagens recombinantes endogâmicas foi cultivada em dois ambientes contrastantes: Cascavel, PR, e Viçosa, MG (24º57'S, 53º27'W; e 20º45'S, 42º52'W, respectivamente. Sessenta e seis pares de iniciadores SSR e 65 iniciadores RAPD

  14. Rapid Response Tools and Datasets for Post-fire Erosion Modeling: An Online Database to Support Post-fire Erosion Modeling (United States)

    Miller, M. E.; Russel, A. M.; Billmire, M.; Endsley, K.; Elliot, W. E.; Robichaud, P. R.; MacDonald, L. H.; Renschler, C. S.


    Once the danger posed by an active wildfire has passed, land managers must rapidly assess risks posed by post-fire runoff and erosion due to fire-induced changes in soil properties and the loss of surface cover. Post-fire assessments and proposals to mitigate risks to downstream areas due to flooding, erosion, and sedimentation are typically undertaken by interdisciplinary Burned Area Emergency Response (BAER) teams. One of the first and most important priorities of a BAER team is the development of a burn severity map that reflects the fire-induced changes in both vegetative cover and soils. Currently these maps are known as BARC (Burned Area Reflectance Classification) maps and they are generated from multi-spectral remote sensing data. BAER teams also have access to many erosion modeling tools and datasets, but process-based, spatially explicit models are currently under-utilized relative to simpler, lumped models because they are more difficult to set up and they require the preparation of spatially-explicit data layers such as digital elevation models (DEM), soils, and land cover. We are working to make spatially-explicit modeling easier by preparing large-scale spatial data sets that can be rapidly combined with burn severity maps and then used to quickly run more accurate, process-based models for spatially explicit predictions of post-fire erosion and runoff. A prototype database consisting of 30-m DEM, soil, land cover, and Monitoring Trends in Burn Severity (MTBS) maps for Colorado has been created for use in GeoWEPP (Geo-spatial interface for the Water Erosion Prediction Project) with Disturbed WEPP parameters developed for post-fire conditions. Additional soil data layers have been gathered to support a spatial empirical debris flow model that also utilizes BARC maps. Future plans include developing the dataset to support other models commonly used by BAER teams. The importance of preparing spatial data ahead of time can be illustrated with two

  15. 小麦河农6251苗期抗叶锈病基因的鉴定%Identification of Wheat Leaf Rust Resistance Gene in Henong 6251 at Seedling Stage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任晓娣; 杜冬冬; 张河山; 姚宏鹏; 赵赛; 杨文香; 刘大群


    Preliminary research showed that they all contributed higher disease resistance level to Puccinia triti-cina.Detecting and mapping wheat leaf rust resistance gene were significance for application of the resistance in the wheat production .Resistant parents Henong 6251 ,susceptible parent Thatcher and their F 2 ,F3 populations were em-ployed to map the wheat leaf rust resistance genes in Henong 6251 based on SSR technique .Molecular marker-assis-ted identification results showed that Henong 6251 contained wheat leaf rust resistance genes Lr26 and LrZH84,and probably contained Lr2c and Lr17a.Henong 6251,Thatcher,and their Fl,F2 populations and F3 families were tested for detecting the wheat leaf rust resistance with single strain of Chinese P.triticina pathotype PBGP in greenhouse . The results showed that the wheat leaf rust resistance in Henong 6251 to PBGP was controlled by one dominant re-sistance gene,temporarily designated as LrH6.SSR molecular markers and BSA were used to test Henong 6251 and their resistant and susceptible bulks of F 2 and F3 populations for mapping the leaf rust resistance gene .Results indi-cated that Henong 6251 carried a single dominant resistance gene LrH6 to PBGP,and was preliminary located on chromosome 1B.The resistance gene LrH6 was linked to the three known SSR loci (wmc419,wms582 and barc120) on the 1 BL with genetic distance ranging 21 .6 ,25 .8 ,27 .9 cM respectively .Henong 6251 contained more than one leaf rust resistance genes including Lr26 and LrZH84 and the wheat leaf rust resistance to PBGP was controlled by one dominant and new resistance gene .%为明确河农6251含有的抗叶锈基因并对其进行分子定位,以抗病品种河农6251与感病品种Thatcher的杂种F1、F2、F3群体为材料,对河农6251的苗期抗叶锈基因进行定位。分子标记辅助鉴定结果表明,河农6251中含有抗叶锈基因Lr26和LrZH84,可能含有Lr2c和Lr17a;遗传分析表明,河农6251

  16. Procedural and clinical outcomes after use of the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor abciximab for saphenous vein graft interventions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harskamp, Ralf E., E-mail: [Academic Medical Center–University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam (Netherlands); VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, NC (United States); Hoedemaker, Niels [Academic Medical Center–University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Newby, L. Kristin [Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, NC (United States); Woudstra, Pier; Grundeken, Maik J.; Beijk, Marcel A.; Piek, Jan J.; Tijssen, Jan G. [Academic Medical Center–University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Mehta, Rajendra H. [Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, NC (United States); Winter, Robbert J. de [Academic Medical Center–University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam (Netherlands)


    Background: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of saphenous vein grafts (SVG) poses a high-risk for distal coronary thromboembolic events. Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors are frequently used in hope of reducing the impact of this, although the safety and efficacy of these drugs to improve outcomes in this setting are understudied. Methods: Patients were included if they had prior coronary artery bypass surgery and subsequently underwent PCI of ≥ 1 SVG graft at a Dutch academic center between 1997 and 2008. These patients were matched 1:1 based on peri-procedural use of abciximab using a propensity-score matching algorithm based on 17 variables. Conditional logistic regression and Cox regression stratified on matched pairs were performed to evaluate the association between abciximab use and MACCE (the composite measure of mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke and repeat revascularization) at 30 days and up to 1 year. Results: The composite of 30-day MACCE occurred in 18 patients (15.3%) in the abciximab group and 16 patients (13.6%) in the propensity matched control group (OR: 1.13, 95% CI: 0.57–2.21, p = 0.73). At 1-year follow-up, MACCE rates were also similar (32.5% vs. 33.9%, HR: 0.97, 95% CI: 0.59–1.59). Major bleeding (BARC types 3a–c) was higher in the abciximab group (11.9% vs. 4.2%, OR: 2.80, 95% CI: 1.01–7.77). Ischemic outcomes did not differ among patients with acute coronary syndromes. Conclusion: The use of intravenous abciximab was not associated with improved clinical outcomes up to 1-year among patients undergoing SVG PCI, but was related to more bleeding. - Highlights: • PCI of SVG poses a high-risk for distal coronary thromboembolic events. • Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors are frequently used in an attempt to reduce this risk. • We evaluated the safety and efficacy of abciximab (a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor) using a propensity-score matched analysis of 236 patients at a large academic medical center. • Thirty

  17. A Big Data Driven Adaptive Routing Service Customization Scheme%大数据驱动的自适应路由服务定制机制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卜超; 王兴伟; 李福亮; 黄敏


    service Customization scheme (BARC)is proposed.Driven by the big data about the status of in-network flows,a user requirement attribute model is created,the dependencies between user experience and routing requirements are exploited,and then the candidate routing function set is obtained.Considering the benefit-based relationships between users and Internet Service Providers (ISPs)under the commercialized network operation,the win-win gaming strategies are proposed to obtain the routing service customization schemes with mutual interests optimized.Simulation results and performance evaluation show that the proposed BARC is feasible and effective.

  18. A new PC based semi-automatic TLD badge reader system for personnel monitoring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kulkarni, M.S.; Pradeep, Ratna; Kannan, S. [Radiation Protection and Instrumentation Section, Radiation Safety Systems Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai (India)


    A semi-automatic TDL (thermo-luminescence dosimeter) badge reader system has been developed for large-scale personnel monitoring of the radiation workers. The BARC (Bhabha Atomic Research Centre) TLD badge consists of three dosimeters of CaSO{sub 4}: Dy embedded in Teflon, each of 0.8mm/0.4mm thickness and 13mm diameter. 50 such TLD badges loaded in a magazine are automatically processed one by one using a motor driven mechanical assembly. Except for the entry of identification numbers in the same sequence in which the badges are loaded in the magazine, the entire process is automatic. All the front-end functions in the reader assembly are controlled by an Atmel 89C51 microcontroller on command from a Personal Computer through an RS-232 serial interface. A hot gas (N{sub 2}) heating system with electronic temperature control is used for rapid and uniform heating of the dosimeters. The glow curve and temperature profile of TL dosimeter is displayed on-line on a PC monitor and stored in the memory along with the badge data at the end of each reading cycle. The other features of the reader system are reproducible time temperature profile of hot gas, software based dark current sampling and subtraction, auto ranging, built-in safeguards in both hardware and software against mechanical and electronic failures, etc. To enable a wide range of measurement with high sensitivity to lower levels of TL, the EHT is automatically switched to a lower value when high TL output is encountered. The software is developed in to two parts. The first one consists of a ROM based assembly language software for the 89C51 microcontroller, which monitors various, circuits in the reader assembly and controls the motorized movements. The second part is a password protected user friendly, menu driven software package written in 'C' language for the reader control, on-line glow curve display and storage, dose data management record keeping and printout of dose reports, etc. Elaborate

  19. Indian Vacuum Society: The Indian Vacuum Society (United States)

    Saha, T. K.


    The Indian Vacuum Society (IVS) was established in 1970. It has over 800 members including many from Industry and R & D Institutions spread throughout India. The society has an active chapter at Kolkata. The society was formed with the main aim to promote, encourage and develop the growth of Vacuum Science, Techniques and Applications in India. In order to achieve this aim it has conducted a number of short term courses at graduate and technician levels on vacuum science and technology on topics ranging from low vacuum to ultrahigh vacuum So far it has conducted 39 such courses at different parts of the country and imparted training to more than 1200 persons in the field. Some of these courses were in-plant training courses conducted on the premises of the establishment and designed to take care of the special needs of the establishment. IVS also regularly conducts national and international seminars and symposia on vacuum science and technology with special emphasis on some theme related to applications of vacuum. A large number of delegates from all over India take part in the deliberations of such seminars and symposia and present their work. IVS also arranges technical visits to different industries and research institutes. The society also helped in the UNESCO sponsored post-graduate level courses in vacuum science, technology and applications conducted by Mumbai University. The society has also designed a certificate and diploma course for graduate level students studying vacuum science and technology and has submitted a syllabus to the academic council of the University of Mumbai for their approval, we hope that some colleges affiliated to the university will start this course from the coming academic year. IVS extended its support in standardizing many of the vacuum instruments and played a vital role in helping to set up a Regional Testing Centre along with BARC. As part of the development of vacuum education, the society arranges the participation of

  20. High purity materials as targets for radioisotope production: Needs and challenges

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    V Shivarudrappa; K V Vimalnath


    Radionuclides have become powerful and indispensable tools in many endeavours of human activities, most importantly in medicine, industry, biology and agriculture, apart from R&D activities. Ready availability of radionuclides in suitable radiochemical form, its facile detection and elegant tracer concepts are responsible for their unprecedented use. Application of radioisotopes in medicine has given birth to a new branch, viz. nuclear medicine, wherein radioisotopes are used extensively in the diagnosis and treatment of variety of diseases including cancer. Artificial transmutation of an element employing thermal neutrons in a reactor or high energy particle accelerators (cyclotrons) are the routes of radioisotope production world over. Availability of high purity target materials, natural or enriched, are crucial for any successful radioisotope programme. Selection of stable nuclides in suitable chemical form as targets with desired isotopic and chemical purity are among the important considerations in radioisotope production. Mostly the oxide, carbonate or the metal itself are the preferred target forms for neutron activation in a research reactor. Chemical impurities, particularly from the elements of the same group, put a limitation on the purity of the final radioisotope product. Whereas the isotopic impurities result in the production of undesirable radionuclidic impurities, which affect their effective utilization. Isotope Group, BARC, is in the forefront of radioisotope production and supply in the country, meeting demands for gamut of radioisotope applications indigenously for over four decades now. Radioisotopes such as 131I, 99Mo, 32P, 51Cr, 153Sm, 82Br, 203Hg, 198Au etc are produced in TBq quantities every month and supplied to several users and to Board of Radiation and Isotope Technology (BRIT). Such a large production programme puts a huge demand on the reliable sources of availability of high purity target materials which are at present mostly met

  1. Post irradiation examination of thermal reactor fuels (United States)

    Sah, D. N.; Viswanathan, U. K.; Ramadasan, E.; Unnikrishnan, K.; Anantharaman, S.


    The post irradiation examination (PIE) facility at the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) has been in operation for more than three decades. Over these years this facility has been utilized for examination of experimental fuel pins and fuels from commercial power reactors operating in India. In a program to assess the performance of (U,Pu)O 2 MOX fuel prior to its introduction in commercial reactors, three experimental MOX fuel clusters irradiated in the pressurized water loop (PWL) of CIRUS up to burnup of 16 000 MWd/tU were examined. Fission gas release from these pins was measured by puncture test. Some of these fuel pins in the cluster contained controlled porosity pellets, low temperature sintered (LTS) pellets, large grain size pellets and annular pellets. PIE has also been carried out on natural UO 2 fuel bundles from Indian PHWRs, which included two high burnup (˜15 000 MWd/tU) bundles. Salient investigations carried out consisted of visual examination, leak testing, axial gamma scanning, fission gas analysis, microstructural examination of fuel and cladding, β, γ autoradiography of the fuel cross-section and fuel central temperature estimation from restructuring. A ThO 2 fuel bundle irradiated in Kakrapar Atomic Power Station (KAPS) up to a nominal fuel burnup of ˜11 000 MWd/tTh was also examined to evaluate its in-pile performance. The performance of the BWR fuel pins of Tarapur Atomic Power Stations (TAPS) was earlier assessed by carrying out PIE on 18 fuel elements selected from eight fuel assemblies irradiated in the two reactors. The burnup of these fuel elements varied from 5000 to 29 000 MWd/tU. This paper provides a brief review of some of the fuels examined and the results obtained on the performance of natural UO 2, enriched UO 2, MOX, and ThO 2 fuels.

  2. Inverse problems using artificial neural networks in long range atmospheric dispersion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharma, P.K.; Gera, B.; Ghosh, A.K. [Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai (India). Reactor Safety Div.


    Scalar dispersion in the atmosphere is an important area wherein different approaches are followed in development of good analytical models. The analyses based on Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) codes offer an opportunity of model development based on first principles of physics and hence such models have an edge over the existing models. Both forward and backward calculation methods are being developed for atmospheric dispersion around NPPs at BARC. Forward modeling methods, which describe the atmospheric transport from sources to receptors, use forward-running transport and dispersion models or computational fluid dynamics models which are run many times, and the resulting dispersion field is compared to observations from multiple sensors. Backward or inverse modeling methods use only one model run in the reverse direction from the receptors to estimate the upwind sources. Inverse modeling methods include adjoint and tangent linear models, Kalman filters, and variational data assimilation, and neural network. The present paper is aimed at developing a new approach where the identified specific signatures at receptor points form the basis for source estimation or inversions. This approach is expected to reduce the large transient data sets to reduced and meaningful data sets. In fact this reduces the inherently transient data set into a time independent mean data set. Forward computations were carried out with CFD code for various cases to generate a large set of data to train the Artificial Neural Network (ANN). Specific signature analysis was carried out to find the parameters of interest for ANN training like peak concentration, time to reach peak concentration and time to fall. The ANN was trained with data and source strength and locations were predicted from ANN. The inverse problem was performed using the ANN approach in long range atmospheric dispersion. An illustration of application of CFD code for atmospheric dispersion studies for a hypothetical

  3. Comparison of ACUITY and CRUSADE Scores in Predicting Major Bleeding during Acute Coronary Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis C. L. Correia


    Full Text Available Background:The ACUITY and CRUSADE scores are validated models for prediction of major bleeding events in acute coronary syndrome (ACS. However, the comparative performances of these scores are not known.Objective:To compare the accuracy of ACUITY and CRUSADE in predicting major bleeding events during ACS.Methods:This study included 519 patients consecutively admitted for unstable angina, non-ST-elevation or ST-elevation myocardial infarction. The scores were calculated based on admission data. We considered major bleeding events during hospitalization and not related to cardiac surgery, according to the Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC criteria (type 3 or 5: hemodynamic instability, need for transfusion, drop in hemoglobin ≥ 3 g, and intracranial, intraocular or fatal bleeding.Results:Major bleeding was observed in 31 patients (23 caused by femoral puncture, 5 digestive, 3 in other sites, an incidence of 6%. While both scores were associated with bleeding, ACUITY demonstrated better C-statistics (0.73, 95% CI = 0.63 - 0.82 as compared with CRUSADE (0.62, 95% CI = 0.53 - 0.71; p = 0.04. The best performance of ACUITY was also reflected by a net reclassification improvement of + 0.19 (p = 0.02 over CRUSADE’s definition of low or high risk. Exploratory analysis suggested that the presence of the variables ‘age’ and ‘type of ACS’ in ACUITY was the main reason for its superiority.Conclusion:The ACUITY Score is a better predictor of major bleeding when compared with the CRUSADE Score in patients hospitalized for ACS.

  4. Structural integrity aspects of reactor safety

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    K K Vaze


    The overall goal of nuclear power plant safety is to protect individuals, society and the environment from undue radiological hazard so that nuclear power production does not significantly add to the health risks to which individuals and society are already exposed. This paper addresses the safety principles followed during the design phase of life cycle of a nuclear power plant. The principles followed such as safety classification, design rules based on failure modes, detailed stress analysis, stress categorization, consideration of design basis events, failure probability, flaw tolerance, leak-before-break are described. Engineering structures always contain flaws, albeit of very small size. Fatigue and fracture are the two important failure modes affected by flaws. Thus flaw tolerance becomes very important. This is assessed by applying fracture mechanics principles. The R6 procedure, which is used for evaluation of structures containing flaws, has been incorporated in the software BARC-R6. Improvements by way of shell-nozzle junction pull-out, adoption of hot wire GTAW with narrow gap technique have been brought out. Post Fukushima incidence, resistance to seismic loading and containment design have assumed great importance. The paper describes these aspects in detail. Regulatory aspects of seismic design regarding siting, Seismic margin assessment, base isolation, retrofitting are the aspects covered under seismic design. Under the action of seismic loading, the piping in a nuclear power plant piping is vulnerable to a phenomenon called ratcheting. The process of seismic margin assessment and consideration of ratchetting has been backed up by a large experimental data. The experiments carried out on structures and piping components form a part of the paper.

  5. Longitudinal influence of alcohol and marijuana use on academic performance in college students (United States)

    Meda, Shashwath A.; Gueorguieva, Ralitza V.; Pittman, Brian; Rosen, Rivkah R.; Aslanzadeh, Farah; Tennen, Howard; Leen, Samantha; Hawkins, Keith; Raskin, Sarah; Wood, Rebecca M.; Austad, Carol S.; Dager, Alecia; Fallahi, Carolyn; Pearlson, Godfrey D.


    Background Alcohol and marijuana are the two most abused substances in US colleges. However, research on the combined influence (cross sectional or longitudinal) of these substances on academic performance is currently scant. Methods Data were derived from the longitudinal 2-year Brain and Alcohol Research in College Students (BARCS) study including 1142 freshman students who completed monthly marijuana use and alcohol consumption surveys. Subjects were classified into data-driven groups based on their alcohol and marijuana consumption. A linear mixed-model (LMM) was employed using this grouping factor to predict grade point average (GPA), adjusted for a variety of socio-demographic and clinical factors. Results Three data-driven clusters emerged: 1) No/low users of both, 2) medium-high alcohol/no-low marijuana, and 3) medium-high users of both substances. Individual cluster derivations between consecutive semesters remained stable. No significant interaction between clusters and semester (time) was noted. Post-hoc analysis suggest that at the outset, compared to sober peers, students using moderate to high levels of alcohol and low marijuana demonstrate lower GPAs, but this difference becomes non-significant over time. In contrast, students consuming both substances at moderate-to-high levels score significantly lower at both the outset and across the 2-year investigation period. Our follow-up analysis also indicate that when students curtailed their substance use over time they had significantly higher academic GPA compared to those who remained stable in their substance use patterns over the two year period. Conclusions Overall, our study validates and extends the current literature by providing important implications of concurrent alcohol and marijuana use on academic achievement in college. PMID:28273162

  6. Feasibility of Natore Rubber Dam on Mahanonda River in Bangladesh and its Performance on Irrigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md. Sazadul Hasan


    Full Text Available Low rainfall in winter causes a great problem on irrigation. Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council (BARC started research on this problem from 1974. In 1994-95, Rubber Dam projects have been taken by BIC (Beijing IWHR Corporation in Bangladesh as it is very convenience and effective in both irrigation and cultivation of crops in winter. After installing, it is very important and challenging task to study the suitability and effect of Rubber Dam on agriculture. In this research work, the analysis of Rubber Dam in Natore, Bangladesh and its suitability on Mahanonda River has been analyzed and also studied its performance on irrigation. Also Bakkhali and Idgaon Rubber Dam were analyzed for the performance evaluation of Rubber Dam projects in Bangladesh for irrigation development. Then, feasibility of Natore Rubber Dam was studied and briefly discussed about its probable effect and benefit on agriculture. Reservoir capacity was also determined on the basis of a theoretical concept known as flow mass curve. Results of performance evaluation in irrigation were expressed in three groups: hydraulic, agricultural and socio-economic. Results of the analyses of hydraulic indicators showed that water supply is available. Agricultural performance, evaluated in terms of irrigated area was satisfactory. Analyses of socio-economic indicators showed that the Rubber Dam projects were financially viable in terms of profitability of farmers. Finally results were found that, it has a great probable effect on national economic and thus an alteration method of irrigation instead of uses of ground water. Thus, a comparative capital and operation and management cost analyses of different irrigation technologies has been carried out to ascertain the viability of Rubber Dam technology in irrigation development.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to see the fetomaternal outcome of pregnancy with previous cesarean section. METHODS: This study was conducted in the department of OBGYN, BARC Hospital, Mumbai from October 2011 to September 2012, a period of one year. All the pregnant women with previous one cesarean section attending ANC clinic for confinement were included in the study group after giving consent. RESULTS: Out of total75 cases, a total of 23 patients (30.67% were given trial of labor. Out of 23 patients given trial of labor, 12 patients (52.17% had successful VBAC. Commonest indication for unsuccessful trial of labor undergoing repeat cesarean section was non-progress of labor (54.55% and failed IOL (36.67%. Out of 12 patients who had successful VBAC, 3 patients (25% had complication like episiotomy hematoma, perineal tear and cervical tear. No patients had major complications. In present study no baby had apgar score <7 at 1min and 5 min in VBAC group and elective LSCS group. CONCLUSION: The current study concludes that women with a prior cesarean are at increased risk for repeat cesarean section. Vigilance with respect to indication at primary cesarean delivery, proper counseling for trial of labor and proper antepartum and intrapartum monitoring of patients, are key to reducing the cesarean section rates. The antepartum, intrapartum and postpartum complications are more in repeat cesarean section cases. There is no doubt that a trial of labor is a relatively safe procedure, but it is not risk free. Therefore, patient evaluation prior to TOLAC, careful observation throughout labor in a well-equipped unit with around the clock services for emergency surgery and availability of expertise is the backbone for successful VBAC.

  8. Feasibility of Production of Moly-99 via 1-neutron Exchange Reaction 98 Mo +100 Mo -->299Mo in Strong-Focusing Auto Collider (``EXYDER'') of natural Molybdenum nuclei based on T and He-3 production data from d +d weak focusing Auto-Collider MIGMA IV (United States)

    Hester, Tim; Maglich, Bogdan; Calsec Collaboration


    Copious T and 3He production from D(d, p) T and D(d, n) 3He reactions in 725 KeV colliding beams was observed in weak-focusing Self-Collider1-4 radius 15 cm, in B = 3.12 T, stabilized5 non-linearly by electron cloud oscillations with confinement time ~ 23 s. BARC's simulations7 predict that by switching to Strong Focusing Self Collider proposed by Blewett6, 10 deuterons 0.75 MeV each, will generate 1 3He + 1T +1p + 1n at a total input energy cost of 10.72 MeV. Economic value of T and 3He is 65 and 120 MeV/atom respectively. While energy balance is negative, we project economic gain 205 MeV/10.72 MeV ~ 20 i.e. 3He production/sale will fund cost of T. Assuming the luminosity achieved in MIGMA IV, we replace D beam injection with a high energy beam of 14 times ionized natural Mo ions and look for the 1-neutron reactions of the type 98Mo+100Mo -->299Mo, where 99Mo14+ will be EM channeled into a mass spectrometer and collected at one loci/ radius, while all other masses/radii rejected. Physics and engineering parameters required to produce at least 1 g of 99Mo per day, at an electricity cost of 100K, will be presented. 2- and 3-neutron exchange reactions will be considered, too.

  9. Characterization and mapping of QTLs on chromosome 2D for grain size and yield traits using a mutant line induced by EMS in wheat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guizhi; Zhang; Yingying; Wang; Ying; Guo; Yan; Zhao; Fanmei; Kong; Sishen; Li


    Production of mutants with altered phenotypes is a powerful approach for determining the biological functions of genes in an organism. In this study, a high-grain-weight mutant line M8008 was identified from a library of mutants of the common wheat cultivar YN15 treated with ethylmethane sulfonate(EMS). F2 and F2:3generations produced from crosses of M8008 × YN15(MY) and M8008 × SJZ54(MS) were used for genetic analysis. There were significant differences between M8008 and YN15 in plant height(PH), spike length(SL),fertile spikelet number per spike(FSS), grain width(GW), grain length(GL), GL/GW ratio(GLW), and thousand-grain weight(TGW). Most simple correlation coefficients were significant for the investigated traits, suggesting that the correlative mutations occurred in M8008. Approximately 21% of simple sequence repeat(SSR) markers showed polymorphisms between M8008 and YN15, indicating that EMS can induce a large number of mutated loci. Twelve quantitative trait loci(QTLs) forming QTL clusters(one in MY and two in MS) were detected. The QTL clusters coinciding with(MY population) or near(MS population) the marker wmc41 were associated mainly with grain-size traits, among which the M8008 locus led to decreases in GW, factor form density(FFD), and TGW and to increases in GLW. The cluster in the wmc25–barc168 interval in the MS population was associated with yield traits, for which the M8008 locus led to decreased PH, spike number per plant(SN), and SL.

  10. The effect of Dy doped on structural, magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of La0.67-xDyxPb0.33MnO3 (x=0.00, 0.15 and 0.20) compounds (United States)

    Zaidi, N.; Mnefgui, S.; Dhahri, A.; Dhahri, J.; Hlil, E. K.


    La0.67-xDyxPb0.33MnO3 (x=0.00, 0.15 and 0.20) compounds were prepared using solid-state reaction. X-ray diffraction and magnetic measurements were used to investigate the effects of Dy doping on the physical properties of La0.67-xDyxPb0.33MnO3. XRD data have been analyzed by Rietveld refinement technique. Results have shown that all obtained perovskite manganites were a single phase. Moreover they crystallized in a rhombohedric structure with R3barc space group. Magnetization as a function of temperature has shown that these compounds exhibit a transition from a ferromagnetic to paramagnetic phase with increasing temperature. A magnetocaloric effect in the obtained samples has been deduced by two methods: Classical Maxwell relation and Landau theory. The maximum of magnetic entropy change |ΔSMmax| in a magnetic field change of 5 T is found to be 4.26 J kg-1 K-1 at 360 K, 3.51 J kg-1 K-1 at 290 K and 2.3 J kg-1 K-1 at 277 K for x=0.00, 0.15 and 0.20, respectively. At this value of magnetic field, the relative cooling power (RCP) is found to be 292, 246 and 215 J kg-1 for x=0.00, 0.15 and 0.20, respectively. Our result on magnetocaloric properties suggests that La0.67-xDyxPb0.33MnO3 (x=0.00, 0.15 and 0.2) compounds are attractive as possible refrigerants for near room temperature magnetic refrigeration.

  11. Design, development, and acceleration trials of radio-frequency quadrupole (United States)

    Rao, S. V. L. S.; Jain, Piyush; Pande, Rajni; Roy, Shweta; Mathew, Jose V.; Kumar, Rajesh; Pande, Manjiri; Krishnagopal, S.; Gupta, S. K.; Singh, P.


    A deuteron radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) accelerator has been designed, fabricated, and tested at BARC, which will be used for neutron generation. The RFQ operates at a frequency of 350 MHz and needs an inter-vane voltage of 44 kV to accelerate the deuteron beam to 400 keV within a length of 1.03 m. The error analysis shows that the offset of two opposite vanes in the same direction by 100 μm leads to a change in resonant frequency by 1.3 MHz and a significant change of fields in the quadrants (˜±40% with respect to average field). From the 3D analysis, we have observed that the unwanted dipole mode frequencies are very near to the quadrupole mode frequency which will make structure sensitive to the perturbations. In order to move the dipole modes away from the quadrupole modes, we have used the dipole stabilizer rods. The 5 wire transmission line theory was used to study the perturbative analysis of the RFQ and based on this a computer program has been written to tune the cavity to get required field distribution. Based on these studies, a 1.03 m long RFQ made of OFE copper has been fabricated and tested. Even though the RFQ was designed for deuteron (D+) beam, we tested it by accelerating both the proton (H+) and D+ beams. The RFQ was operated in pulsed mode and accelerated both H+ and D+ beams to designed values of 200 and 400 keV, respectively. The measured parameters are in good agreement with the designed values validating our simulations and fabrication processes. In this paper, simulations, RF measurements, and beam commissioning results are presented.

  12. An improved permanent magnet quadrupole design with larger good field region for high intensity proton linacs (United States)

    Mathew, Jose V.; Rao, S. V. L. S.; Krishnagopal, S.; Singh, P.


    The Low Energy High Intensity Proton Accelerator (LEHIPA), being developed at the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) will produce a 20 MeV, 30 mA, continuous wave (CW) proton beam. At these low velocities, space-charge forces dominate, and could lead to larger beam sizes and beam halos. Hence in the design of the focusing lattice of the LEHIPA drift tube linac (DTL) using permanent magnet quadrupoles (PMQs), a larger good field region is preferred. Here we study, using the two dimensional (2D) and three dimensional (3D) simulation codes PANDIRA and RADIA, four different types of cylindrical PMQ designs: 16-segment trapezoidal Halbach configuration, bullet-nosed geometry and 8- and 16-segment rectangular geometries. The trapezoidal Halbach geometry is used in a variety of accelerators since it provides very high field gradients in small bores, while the bullet-nosed geometry, which is a combination of the trapezoidal and rectangular designs, is used in some DTLs. This study shows that a larger good field region is possible in the 16-segment rectangular design as compared to the Halbach and bullet-nosed designs, making it more attractive for high-intensity proton linacs. An improvement in good-field region by ˜16% over the Halbach design is obtained in the optimized 16-segment rectangular design, although the field gradient is lower by ˜20%. Tolerance studies show that the rectangular segment PMQ design is substantially less sensitive to the easy axis orientation errors and hence will be a better choice for DTLs.

  13. Development of an algorithm for TLD badge system for dosimetry in the field of X and gamma radiation in terms of Hp(10). (United States)

    Bakshi, A K; Srivastava, K; Varadharajan, G; Pradhan, A S; Kher, R K


    In view of the introduction of International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements operational quantities Hp(10) and Hp(0.07), defined for individual monitoring, it became necessary to develop an algorithm that gives direct response of the dosemeter in terms of the operational quantities. Hence, for this purpose and also to improve the accuracy in dose estimation especially in the mixed fields of X ray and gamma, an algorithm was developed based on higher-order polynomial fit of the data points generated from the dose-response of discs under different filter regions of the present TL dosemeter system for known delivered doses. Study on the response of the BARC TL dosemeter system based on CaSO(4):Dy Teflon thermoluminescence dosemeter discs in the mixed fields of X and gamma radiation was carried out to ensure that the accuracies are within the prescribed limits recommended by the international organisations. The prevalent algorithm, based on the ratios of the disc response under various filters regions of the dosemeter to pure photons, was tested for different proportion of two radiations in case of mixed field dosimetry. It was found that the accuracy for few fields is beyond the acceptable limit in case of prevalent algorithm. The new proposed algorithm was also tested in mixed fields of photon fields and to pure photon fields of varied angles. It was found that the response of the dosemeter in mixed fields of photons and its angular response are satisfactory. The new algorithm can be used to record and report the personal dose in terms of Hp(10) as per the international recommendation for the present TL dosemeter.

  14. A comparative evaluation of MODIS/ASTER airborne simulator (MASTER) data and burn indices for mapping southern California fires (United States)

    Harris, S. L.; Hook, S. J.


    Large fires occur annually in southern California, producing impacts at a number of scales, from local impacts on vegetation, hydrology and microclimates, to global impacts such as emissions, affecting atmospheric chemistry, air quality, radiation balance and biogeochemical cycling. As a consequence fires are routinely mapped using various sensors and burn indices. However, the indices employed for mapping these fires have not been developed and optimized for mapping southern California burned surfaces. Therefore, this study utilizes the high spatial and spectral resolution imagery from the MODIS/ASTER airborne simulator (MASTER) to identify the most effective bands and indices specifically for burned area mapping of the southern California region. The fire perimeter is based on the Burned Area Reflectance Classification (BARC) map created by the United States Forest Service (USFS), Remote Sensing Applications Center (RSAC) and a supervised classification which defines the burned and unburned regions. A separability index is employed to identify the bands and indices that can best distinguish between classes. The results identify a range of well performing indices, such as the Normalized Burn Ratio (NBR) and the Vegetation Index based on mid-infrared spectral region (VI3), and some poor performing indices, such as the Global Environment Monitoring Index (GEMI) and the Burned Area Index (BAI). Additionally this study highlights the indices that perform better over certain vegetation types. These results are useful for understanding the application of remotely sensed data for mapping burned surfaces. Improved burned area mapping capabilities are essential for informing land managers when identifying regions susceptible to hazards (such as debris and flood flows) and for deciding where to allocate time and resources in recovery efforts. Additionally, these results can be used to validate other sensors that are used to map burned surfaces on greater spatial and

  15. Balneotherapy in the Boghiş Resort

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gáspár Boróka


    Full Text Available The Băile Boghiş resort in Sălaj county is situated in the Barcău depression, at 15 km distance from Şimleu Silvaniei, in a sedative-indifferent climate of hills, at an altitude of 300 m, without excessive temperatures, with a mean annual rainfall of 650 mm. The first evidence of the climate and thermal mineral waters of the resort dates back to the 18th century. The Nuşfalău-Boghiş thermal mineral water reservoir is confined to deep permeable aquiferous layers that correspond to the altered zone of crystalline basement and sedimentary formations of Miocene and Pliocene age. It is an all-season spa and climatic resort; the bicarbonate, sodium, sulfur, iodine hypotonic hyperthermal mineral springs (with a total mineralization of 1016.2-1432.8 mg/l come from hydrogeological wells, producing over 1900 m3/day waters with a temperature of 40-42˚C. The spa has 2 outdoor pools (in summer time, bathtubs (in the process of being rehabilitated and an indoor pool. The peat mud from Stoboru (Cuzăplac commune is another therapeutic factor used in the resort. Therapeutic indications are related to the following disorders: osteoarticular system diseases, abarticular and degenerative rheumatic diseases, posttraumatic, peripheral neurological, gynecological, endocrine, nutrition and metabolic disorders, treated by external use (pool or bathtubs, while cooled water is used for crenotherapy. A specific feature is that thermal water, which has a temperature of 40-42˚C, can be used without being successively cooled or heated in pools or bathtubs, which allows to maintain its initial qualities. This paper includes early and recent data on a resort that is progressing from a local level to the national circuit, having an important extension potential.

  16. 住院患者医院感染临床及病原学结果调查分析%Clinical and etiologic survey on nosocomial infections of inpatients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    目的 探讨综合性医院住院患者医院感染的临床特点,以采取相关的有效防治措施.方法 采用前瞻性和回顾性结合的调查方法,对我院93680例住院患者的临床资料进行分析,细菌鉴定采用荷兰Organon Teknika公司生产的BarcT/Aiert 240系统检测仪及其配套的成人需氧瓶、小儿需氧瓶;法国生物梅里埃公司生产的api staph和ATB STAPH5试剂条,API 20C AUX酵母菌鉴定系统及ATB-Fungus药敏试验盒.结果 医院总例次感染率为3.22%,其中以呼吸道最高,其次为泌尿、皮肤软组织;临床分离的致病菌为革兰氏阴性菌为主,占51.16%;真菌占35.65%;革兰氏阳性菌占13.19%.比较本院2000~2005年医院感染,条件致病菌构成比呈上升趋势.结论 医院感染中条件致病菌有增高趋势,加强医院感染管理,积极治疗原发病,减少侵袭性操作,及时病原菌监测,合理使用抗菌药物是降低医院感染的有效措施.

  17. Double-exposure strategy using OPC and simulation and the performance on wafer with sub-0.10-μm design rule in ArF lithography (United States)

    Oh, Se-Young; Kim, Wan-Ho; Yune, Hyoung-Soon; Kim, Hee-Bom; Kim, Seo-Min; Ahn, Chang-Nam; Shin, Ki-Soo


    As the pattern size becomes smaller, double or multi exposure is required unless the epochal solutions for overcoming the limits of present lithography system do appear or are discovered. ArF DET (double exposure technology) strategy based on manual OPC with in-house simulation tool, HOST (Hynix OPC simulation tool), is suggested as a possible exposure method to extend the limitation of current lithography. HOST requires no additional procedures and separate layout optimizations of each region in terms of OPC are enough. Furthermore, it is possible to change illumination condition of each region and the overlap between two regions with ease. The results from the simulation are pattern size and profile of each condition according to the defous and misregistration. 0.63 NA ArF Scanner and Clariant resist is used for wafer process. The resist was coated on Clariant organic BARC using 0.24 um thickness. Dipole illumination for cell region and annular illumination for peripheral region are used. Cell region contains 0.20 um pitch duty pattern and peripheral region 0.24 um pitch duty pattern. The boundary of two regions is investigated in view of validity of stitching itself. The layout of reticles used as the cell and peripheral region are optimized by OPC, respectively and then, additional OPC was treated to the boundary, i.e., stitching area to compensate the cross term of the boundary caused by separate and independent optimization with OPC in the cell and the peripheral regime. The final patterns were acquired by defining the cell at first and the peripheral region secondly with different defocus and registration in respect to the cell. The actual data on wafer are presented according to defocus and one region's overlay offset relatively to the other region. And the outstanding matching between simulation results and in-line data are shown. Lithography process window for stable patterning is thoroughly investigated in view of depth of focus, energy latitude

  18. Leak testing of cryogenic components — problems and solutions (United States)

    Srivastava, S. P.; Pandarkar, S. P.; Unni, T. G.; Sinha, A. K.; Mahajan, K.; Suthar, R. L.


    A prototype of Cold Neutron Source (CNS) for Dhruva Reactor is being manufactured at Centre for Design and Manufacture (CDM), BARC, Mumbai for validating the mechanical and thermal engineering design aspects, besides checking the integrity of all joints and components at low temperature, 77K. Task of a Cold Neutron Source is to generate cold neutrons by cooling down the thermal neutrons, which are originally produced in a nuclear research reactor. The complete Cold Neutron Source system comprises a complex arrangement of moderator pot, transfer line (piping), pumps, refrigerators, storage tanks, a heat exchanger and associated controls and instrumentation. The heart of the system is moderator pot in which water (moderator) is cooled down by Liquid Nitrogen (LN2) being circulated through an annular cavity machined on the walls of the pot. Transfer lines for LN2 basically consist of two concentric Stainless Steel flexible pipes, which are joined to the inlet and outlet Aluminium tubes of the moderator pot through transition joints. Leak in any component may result in loss of liquid Nitrogen, degradation of vacuum, which in turn may affect the heat removal efficiency of the source. Hence, leak testing was considered a very important quality control tool and all joints and components were subjected to helium leak test using mass spectrometer leak detector (MSLD) at cryogenic temperature. During one of the earlier experiments, flow of LN2 through inner flexible pipe of the transfer line resulted in rise of pressure in the vacuum annulus and sweating on the outer flexible pipe. After investigations it was found that large thermal stress compounded with mechanical stress resulted in cracks in the inner pipe. Accordingly design was modified to get leak proof transfer line assembly. Further, during leak testing of thin wall moderator pot, gross leak was observed on the outer jacket welded joint. Leak was so large that even a small amount of Helium gas in the vicinity of the

  19. Evolution of nuclear spectroscopy at Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    P Mukherjee


    Experimental studies of nuclear excitations have been an important subject from the earliest days when the institute was established. The construction of 4 MeV proton cyclotron was mainly aimed to achieve this goal. Early experiments in nuclear spectroscopy were done with radioactive nuclei with the help of beta and gamma ray spectrometers. Small NaI(Tl) detectors were used for gamma–gamma coincidence, angular correlation and life time measurements. The excited states nuclear magnetic moments were measured in perturbed gamma–gamma angular correlation experiments. A high transmission magnetic beta ray spectrometer was used to measure internal conversion coefficients and beta–gamma coincidence studies. A large number of significant contributions were made during 1950–59 using these facilities. Proton beam in the cyclotron was made available in the late 1950’s and together with 14 MeV neutrons obtained from a C-W generator a large number of short-lived nuclei were investigated during 1960’s and 1970’s. The introduction of high resolution Ge gamma detectors and the improved electronics helped to extend the spectroscopic work which include on-line (,') and (,) reaction studies. Nuclear spectroscopic studies entered a new phase in the 1980’s with the availability of 40–80 MeV alpha beam from the variable energy cyclotron at VECC, Calcutta. A number of experimental groups were formed in the institute to study nuclear level schemes with (,) reactions. Initially only two unsuppressed Ge detectors were used for coincidence studies. Later in 1989 five Ge detectors with a large six segmented NaI(Tl) multiplicitysum detector system were successfully used to select various channels in (,) reactions. From 1990 to date a variety of medium energy heavy ions were made available from the BARC-TIFR Pelletron and the Nuclear Science Centre Pelletron. The state of the art gamma detector arrays in these centres enabled the Saha Institute groups to undertake more

  20. Statistical reviewers improve reporting in biomedical articles: a randomized trial.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erik Cobo

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Although peer review is widely considered to be the most credible way of selecting manuscripts and improving the quality of accepted papers in scientific journals, there is little evidence to support its use. Our aim was to estimate the effects on manuscript quality of either adding a statistical peer reviewer or suggesting the use of checklists such as CONSORT or STARD to clinical reviewers or both. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Interventions were defined as 1 the addition of a statistical reviewer to the clinical peer review process, and 2 suggesting reporting guidelines to reviewers; with "no statistical expert" and "no checklist" as controls. The two interventions were crossed in a 2x2 balanced factorial design including original research articles consecutively selected, between May 2004 and March 2005, by the Medicina Clinica (Barc editorial committee. We randomized manuscripts to minimize differences in terms of baseline quality and type of study (intervention, longitudinal, cross-sectional, others. Sample-size calculations indicated that 100 papers provide an 80% power to test a 55% standardized difference. We specified the main outcome as the increment in quality of papers as measured on the Goodman Scale. Two blinded evaluators rated the quality of manuscripts at initial submission and final post peer review version. Of the 327 manuscripts submitted to the journal, 131 were accepted for further review, and 129 were randomized. Of those, 14 that were lost to follow-up showed no differences in initial quality to the followed-up papers. Hence, 115 were included in the main analysis, with 16 rejected for publication after peer review. 21 (18.3% of the 115 included papers were interventions, 46 (40.0% were longitudinal designs, 28 (24.3% cross-sectional and 20 (17.4% others. The 16 (13.9% rejected papers had a significantly lower initial score on the overall Goodman scale than accepted papers (difference 15.0, 95% CI: 4

  1. The 2000/60/EC Water Framework Directive and the Flooding of the Brown Coal Meirama Open Pit (NW Spain) (United States)

    Delgado, J.; Juncosa, R.


    Coal mining in Galicia (NW Spain) has been an important activity which came to an end in December, 2007. Hence, for different reasons, the two large brown coal mines in Galicia (the As Pontes mine, run by ENDESA GENERACIÓN, and the Meirama mine, owned by Lignitos de Meirama, S.A., LIMEISA), have started closure procedures, both of which are considering the flooding of the mine pits to create two large lakes (~8 km2 in As Pontes and ~2 km2 in Meirama). They will be unique in Galicia, a nearly lake-free territory. An important point to consider as regards the flooding of the lignite mine pits in Galicia is how the process of the creation of a body of artificial water will adapt to the strict legal demands put forth in the Water Framework Directive. This problem has been carefully examined by different authors in other countries and it raises the question of the need to adapt sampling surveys to monitor a number of key parameters -priority substances, physical and chemical parameters, biological indicators, etc.- that cannot be overlooked. Flooding, in both cases consider the preferential entrance into the mine holes of river-diverted surface waters, in detriment of ground waters in order to minimize acidic inputs. Although both mines are located in the same hydraulic demarcation (i.e. administrative units that, in Spain, are in charge of the public administration and the enforcement of natural water-related laws) the problems facing the corresponding mine managers are different. In the case of Meirama, the mine hole covers the upper third part of the Barcés river catchment, which is a major source of water for the Cecebre reservoir. That reservoir constitutes the only supply of drinking water for the city of A Coruña (~250.000 inhabitants) and its surrounding towns. In this contribution we will discuss how mine managers and the administration have addressed the uncertainties derived from the implementation of the Water Framework Directive in the particular case of

  2. Leak testing of cryogenic components - problems and solutions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Srivastava, S P; Pandarkar, S P; Unni, T G; Sinha, A K; Mahajan, K; Suthar, R L [Centre for Design and Manufacture, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India)], E-mail:


    A prototype of Cold Neutron Source (CNS) for Dhruva Reactor is being manufactured at Centre for Design and Manufacture (CDM), BARC, Mumbai for validating the mechanical and thermal engineering design aspects, besides checking the integrity of all joints and components at low temperature, 77K. Task of a Cold Neutron Source is to generate cold neutrons by cooling down the thermal neutrons, which are originally produced in a nuclear research reactor. The complete Cold Neutron Source system comprises a complex arrangement of moderator pot, transfer line (piping), pumps, refrigerators, storage tanks, a heat exchanger and associated controls and instrumentation. The heart of the system is moderator pot in which water (moderator) is cooled down by Liquid Nitrogen (LN{sub 2}) being circulated through an annular cavity machined on the walls of the pot. Transfer lines for LN{sub 2} basically consist of two concentric Stainless Steel flexible pipes, which are joined to the inlet and outlet Aluminium tubes of the moderator pot through transition joints. Leak in any component may result in loss of liquid Nitrogen, degradation of vacuum, which in turn may affect the heat removal efficiency of the source. Hence, leak testing was considered a very important quality control tool and all joints and components were subjected to helium leak test using mass spectrometer leak detector (MSLD) at cryogenic temperature. During one of the earlier experiments, flow of LN{sub 2} through inner flexible pipe of the transfer line resulted in rise of pressure in the vacuum annulus and sweating on the outer flexible pipe. After investigations it was found that large thermal stress compounded with mechanical stress resulted in cracks in the inner pipe. Accordingly design was modified to get leak proof transfer line assembly. Further, during leak testing of thin wall moderator pot, gross leak was observed on the outer jacket welded joint. Leak was so large that even a small amount of Helium gas in

  3. Polimerni aditivi za poboljšanje tecivosti nafte i plinskog kondenzata

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    Jelić-Balta, J.


    structure and molecular weight of the flow improver additives for crude oils and gas condensates prepared by the authors of this review article. The additives are based on methacrylic long chain alkyl ester homopolymers or copolymers with vinyl carboxylic acids or vinyl aromatic monomers. The quality of the prepared additives as pour point depressants and rheology improvers was proved by applying them to crude oil from INA fields Števkovica, Obod and Deletovci as well as gas condensate fields Molve, Kalinovac, Stari Gradac, Gola, and Hungarian gas condensate field Barcs. The best results were obtained with the copolymers of methacrylic long-chain alkyl esters with functional monomers.

  4. An improved permanent magnet quadrupole design with larger good field region for high intensity proton linacs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mathew, Jose V., E-mail:; Rao, S.V.L.S.; Krishnagopal, S.; Singh, P.


    The Low Energy High Intensity Proton Accelerator (LEHIPA), being developed at the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) will produce a 20 MeV, 30 mA, continuous wave (CW) proton beam. At these low velocities, space-charge forces dominate, and could lead to larger beam sizes and beam halos. Hence in the design of the focusing lattice of the LEHIPA drift tube linac (DTL) using permanent magnet quadrupoles (PMQs), a larger good field region is preferred. Here we study, using the two dimensional (2D) and three dimensional (3D) simulation codes PANDIRA and RADIA, four different types of cylindrical PMQ designs: 16-segment trapezoidal Halbach configuration, bullet-nosed geometry and 8- and 16-segment rectangular geometries. The trapezoidal Halbach geometry is used in a variety of accelerators since it provides very high field gradients in small bores, while the bullet-nosed geometry, which is a combination of the trapezoidal and rectangular designs, is used in some DTLs. This study shows that a larger good field region is possible in the 16-segment rectangular design as compared to the Halbach and bullet-nosed designs, making it more attractive for high-intensity proton linacs. An improvement in good-field region by ∼16% over the Halbach design is obtained in the optimized 16-segment rectangular design, although the field gradient is lower by ∼20%. Tolerance studies show that the rectangular segment PMQ design is substantially less sensitive to the easy axis orientation errors and hence will be a better choice for DTLs. -- Highlights: • An improved permanent magnet quadrupole (PMQ) design with larger good field region is proposed. • We investigate four PMQ designs, including the widely used Halbach and bullet nosed designs. • Analytical calculations are backed by 2D as well as 3D numerical solvers, PANDIRA and RADIA. • The optimized 16 segment rectangular PMQ design is identified to exhibit the largest good field region. • The effect of easy axis orientation

  5. Soil geochemistry controls fire severity: A soil approach to improved understanding of forest fire consequences in southwest Montana. (United States)

    Callahan, R.; Hartshorn, T.


    Fire severity can be defined using satellite imagery to ratio mid (~2.2 um) to near (~0.8 um) infrared reflectance values. We examined how lithology and topography affected burn severity, and how post-fire soils data could be used to ground-truth burn severity at two sites in southwestern Montana. A burned area reflectance classification (BARC), lithology, and terrain attributes were used to predict burn severity for the Millie Fire, which was triggered two years ago by lightning and burned ~4,000 ha. Burn severity showed a strong dependence on lithology: the ratio of areas with high burn severity vs. low or moderate burn severities was 2.9 for gneiss (vs. 0.3 for volcanics). The high-severity burn area for the gneiss was larger than the volcanics, despite the latter lithology covering ~270% greater area (~2,600 ha). Aspect and elevation also influenced burn severity with lower severity at higher elevations (2,600-3,000 m) and higher severity at lower elevations (1,800-2,400 m). Southern and western aspects burned more severely than northern and eastern aspects. To clarify whether post-fire soil geochemical changes might predict ground-based estimates of fire severity, a lab experiment was carried out . We expected residual enrichment of trace metal concentrations, as soil organic matter (SOM) was combusted, which we quantified as loss on ignition (LOI). To test this approach, burned and unburned soils were sampled from the ~6000 ha Beartrap 2 fire, which also burned two years. We simulated differing fire severities on unburned soil using a muffle furnace factorially (duration [5, 15, 30, 45, or 60 minutes] x temperature [50, 100, 200, 300, 400, or 500ºC]). Consistent with expectations, unburned samples had a lower mean (±1SD) concentrations for 23 of 30 elements than field-burned samples. For example, barium concentrations ([Ba]) in unburned samples were (708±37μg/g), 16% lower than field-burned [Ba] (841±7 μg/g). Simulated burning yielded smaller [Ba] (732

  6. SNP discovery in common bean by restriction-associated DNA (RAD) sequencing for genetic diversity and population structure analysis. (United States)

    Valdisser, Paula Arielle M R; Pappas, Georgios J; de Menezes, Ivandilson P P; Müller, Bárbara S F; Pereira, Wendell J; Narciso, Marcelo G; Brondani, Claudio; Souza, Thiago L P O; Borba, Tereza C O; Vianello, Rosana P


    Researchers have made great advances into the development and application of genomic approaches for common beans, creating opportunities to driving more real and applicable strategies for sustainable management of the genetic resource towards plant breeding. This work provides useful polymorphic single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for high-throughput common bean genotyping developed by RAD (restriction site-associated DNA) sequencing. The RAD tags were generated from DNA pooled from 12 common bean genotypes, including breeding lines of different gene pools and market classes. The aligned sequences identified 23,748 putative RAD-SNPs, of which 3357 were adequate for genotyping; 1032 RAD-SNPs with the highest ADT (assay design tool) score are presented in this article. The RAD-SNPs were structurally annotated in different coding (47.00 %) and non-coding (53.00 %) sequence components of genes. A subset of 384 RAD-SNPs with broad genome distribution was used to genotype a diverse panel of 95 common bean germplasms and revealed a successful amplification rate of 96.6 %, showing 73 % of polymorphic SNPs within the Andean group and 83 % in the Mesoamerican group. A slightly increased He (0.161, n = 21) value was estimated for the Andean gene pool, compared to the Mesoamerican group (0.156, n = 74). For the linkage disequilibrium (LD) analysis, from a group of 580 SNPs (289 RAD-SNPs and 291 BARC-SNPs) genotyped for the same set of genotypes, 70.2 % were in LD, decreasing to 0.10 %in the Andean group and 0.77 % in the Mesoamerican group. Haplotype patterns spanning 310 Mb of the genome (60 %) were characterized in samples from different origins. However, the haplotype frameworks were under-represented for the Andean (7.85 %) and Mesoamerican (5.55 %) gene pools separately. In conclusion, RAD sequencing allowed the discovery of hundreds of useful SNPs for broad genetic analysis of common bean germplasm. From now, this approach provides an excellent panel

  7. FOREWORD: 23rd National Symposium on Plasma Science & Technology (PLASMA-2008) (United States)

    Das, A. K.


    Science and Technology, for delivering the key note address to set the tenor of the symposium. I would also like to thank the Plasma Science Society of India (PSSI) for agreeing to hold this important event at BARC. Thanks are due to Dr L M Gantayet, Director, BTDG, BARC and chairman, Scientific Program Committee and all my colleagues in the Symposium Organizing Committee who have made this symposium possible. Finally, our thanks to all the Funding agencies, Board of Research in Nuclear Science, Department of Science and Technology, The Board of Fusion Research, and all industrial exhibitor and sponsors for their unstinted support and encouragement. Dr A K Das Chairman, Organizing Committee Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai

  8. Risk analysis procedure for post-wildfire natural hazards in British Columbia (United States)

    Jordan, Peter


    preliminary map of vegetation burn severity if desired. The next steps include mapping catchment boundaries, field traverses to collect data on soil burn severity and water repellency, identification of unstable hillslopes and channels, and inspection of values at risk from hazards such as debris flows or flooding. BARC (burned area reflectance classification) maps based on satellite imagery are prepared for some fires, although these are typically not available for several weeks. Our objective is to make a preliminary risk analysis report available about two weeks after the fire is contained. If high risks to public safety or infrastructure are identified, the risk analysis reports may make recommendations for mitigation measures to be considered; however, acting on these recommendations is the responsibility of local land managers, local government, or landowners. Mitigation measures for some fires have included engineering treatments to reduce the hydrologic impact of logging roads, protective structures such as dykes or berms, and straw mulching to reduce runoff and erosion on severely burned areas. The Terrace Mountain Fire, with burned 9000 hectares in the Okanagan Valley in 2009, is used as an example of the application of the procedure.

  9. Physical and Chemical Limnology of the Abegondo-Cecebre reservoir, A Coruña, NW Spain (United States)

    Delgado, Jordi; Cereijo-Arango, José Luis; García-Morrondo, David; Cillero-Castro, Carmen; Muñoz-Ibáñez, Andrea; Juncosa-Rivera, Ricardo


    The Abegondo-Cecebre reservoir was commissioned in 1976. It has a nominal capacity of ~23 hm3 and an actual regulation capacity of 20.6 hm3 (12.9 hm3 in rainy periods, when flood control is necessary). This reservoir constitutes the only source of drinking water for the city of A Coruña and its metropolitan area (~400.000 inhabitants). The reservoir, which is two-tailed, is located downstream the Barcés and Mero rivers (~250 km2) and belongs to the so-called Galician-Coast River Basin district (16,372 km2). The increasing water demand for human consumption and industrial purposes challenges the supply capacity of the system and this is especially acute when, in hydric-stress situations, the availability of water becomes reduced and the water quality is adversely affected by a number of hypolimnetic processes (anoxia, increased metal concentration, etc.) or by episodic algal blooms. Between May 2010 and May 2012, within the context of the LIFE07 ENV/E/000826 Aqua Plann Project, an in-depth study was commissioned by the local water supply managers (EMALCSA). The study encompassed a bathymetry and colmatation characterization as well as a systematic physico-chemical survey via monthly sampling and measurement in selected stations a series of relevant limnological parameters. Surface and bottom reservoir water was sampled in seven representative locations of the system while three of them were used for depth profiling. In addition, five stations were considered for collecting the top layer of the sediments of the reservoir (~20 cm) in two surveys developed in the spring and summer of 2012. The parameters determined, complemented with meteorological information and discharge flows, included temperature, Secchi's depth transparency, PAR radiation, pH, electrical conductivity, redox, dissolved oxygen, turbidity, alkalinity, chlorophyll, phycocyanin, Na, K, Ca, Mg, F, Cl, SO4, NH4, NO3, NO2, PO4, DIC, DOC, particulated organic carbon, Fe, Mn, Al, As, Ba, Be, B, Cd, Co

  10. Aniversario XXX de la creación del Centro Provincial de Información de Las Tunas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edenny Reina Castillo Montes de Oca


    Científicas y otros; han permitido avanzar sustancialmente en las esferas de la alfabetización informacional y edición de artículos científicos, por mencionar algunas; y ha repercutido en el desarrollo de las actividades fundamentales del Centro Provincial de Información de Ciencias Médicas de Las Tunas. Valiosos trabajadores que antecedieron a este proceso, contribuyeron con entusiasmo a que el sueño de INFOMED se cumpliera en el territorio tunero, entre ellos, los que se desempeñaron como directores del centro, que fueron: Dr. Idalberto Borges Cárdenas, Lic. Estela Pérez Castillo, Dr. José Manuel Martínez Camejo, Lic. Ernesto José Barcáz Hechavarría, Lic. Lidia Olano Verdecia, Lic. Yoel Romero González, Dr. Orlando Serrano Barreda y Lic. José Suárez Lezcano. ¡FELICIDADES COLEGAS!

  11. Griscelli Syndrome: A Case Report

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    Seyed Ebrahim MANSOURI NEJAD


    Full Text Available How to Cite This Article: Mansouri Nejad SE, Yazdan panah MJ, Tayyebi Meibodi N, Ashrafzadeh F, Akhondian J, BeiraghiToosi M, Eslamieh H. Griscelli Syndrome: A Case Report. Iran J Child Neurol. 2014 Autumn;8(4: 72-75.ObjectiveGriscelli syndrome (GS is a rare autosomal recessive immune deficiency disorder that presents with pigmentary dilution of the skin and hair, recurrent skin and pulmonary infections, neurologic problems, hypogammaglobulinemia, and variable cellular immunodeficiency. Three mutations have been described in different phenotypes of the disease. In most of cases, GS leads to death in the first decade of life. In this article, we report a one-year-old child with type 2 GS who suffers from pigmentation disorder and hypogammaglobulinemia.ReferencesKharkar V, Pande S, Mahajan S, Dwiwedi R, Khopkar U. Griscelli syndrome: a new phenotype with circumscribed pigment loss? Dermatol Online J 2007 1;13(2:17.Sheela SR, Latha M, Susy JI. Griscelli syndrome: Rab 27a mutation. Indian Pediatrics 2004; 41:944-947.González Carretero P, Noguera Julian A, Ricart Campos S, Fortuny Guasch C, Martorell Sampol L. Griscelli-Prunieras syndrome: report of two cases. An Pediatr (Barc 2009 ; 70(2:164-7.Szczawinska-Poplonyk A, Kycler Z, Breborowicz A, Klaudel-Dreszler M, Pac M, Zegadlo-Mylik M, et al. Pulmonary lymphomatoid granulomatosis in Griscelli syndrome type 2. Viral Immunol 2011 Dec;24(6:471-3.Durmaz A, Ozkinay F, Onay H, Tombuloglu M, Atay A, Gursel O, et al. Molecular analysis and clinical findings of Griscelli syndrome patients. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2012 Oct;34(7:541-4.Reddy RR, Babu BM, Venkateshwaramma B, Hymavathi Ch. Silvery hair syndrome in two cousins: Chediak-Higashi syndrome vs Griscelli syndrome, with rare associations. Int J Trichology 2011; 3(2:107-11.Sahana M, Sacchidanand S, Hiremagalore R, Asha G. Silvery grey hair: clue to diagnose immunodeficiency. Int J Trichology 2012;4(2:83-5.Mahalingashetti PB, Krishnappa MH, Kalyan PS

  12. Clinic Characteristics of Varicella Zoster Myocarditis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FANG; Wu-wang


    [1]Kokstein Z, Balatka J, Horacek J. ECG changes in children with acute myocarditis[J]. Sb Ved Pr Lek Fak Karlovy Univerzity Hradci Kralove Suppl, 1990, 33(4): 373-379.[2]Rich R, McErlean M. Complete heart block in a child with varicella[J]. Am J Emerg M, 1993, 11(6): 602-605.[3]Sobrino MJM, Lopez PF, Cisneros JM, et al. Thoracic pain as early clinical manifestation of myocarditis caused by varicella [J]. Med Clin Barc,1992, 99(6): 236-237.[4]Teravanichpong S, Chuangsuwanich T. Fatal varicella in a healthy girl[J]. J Med Assoc Thai, 1990, 73(11): 648-651.[5]Amral FT, Bestetti RB, Araujo RC, et al. Transient atroventricular conduction disordor: a potential cause of sudden death in myocarditis due to varicella[J]. Arq Bras Cardiol, 1989, 53(2): 129-131.[6]Lorber A, Zonis Z, Maisuls E, et al. The scale of myocardial involvement in varicella myocarditis[J]. Int J Cardiol,1988, 20(2): 257-262.[7]Ettedgui JA, Ladusans E, Bamford M. Complete heart block as a complication of varicella[J]. Int J Cardiol, 1987, 14(3): 362-365.[8]Waagner DC, Murphy TV. Varicella myocarditis[J]. Pediatr Infect Dis J, 1990, 9(5): 360-363.[9]Rivera CF, Omar M, Aliaga ML, et al. Varicella complicated by pericarditis and pneumonia [J]. An Med Interna, 1996, 13(3): 130-132.[10]Civico RF, Omar M, Martinez LA, et al. Varicella complicated by pericarditis and pneumonia [J]. An Med Interna, 1996, 13(3): 130-132.[11]Bachli E, Kagi MK, Krause M. Visceral and neurological complications in varicella infections of adults [J]. Schweiz Med Wochenschr, 1996, 126(11): 440-446.[12]Senellart F, Bozio A, Sassolas F, et al. Varicella myocarditis and junctional ectopic tachycardia [J]. Pediatrie Bucur, 1991, 46(3): 267-270.[13]Straus S, Ostrove J, Inchauspe G, et al. Varicella- zoster virus infections[J]. Ann Intern Med,1988, 108: 221-237.[14]Tsintsof A, Delprado WJ, Keogh AM. Varicella zoster myocarditis progressing to cardiomyopathy and cardiac

  13. A Study on Causes and Types of Abnormal Increase in Infants’ Head Circumference in Kashan/Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad TALEBIAN


    use of population-based parentoffspring data. American J Epidemiol 2007;165(7:734-41.2. Sankaran S, Das A, Bauer CR, Bada HS, Lester B, Wright LL, et al. Association between patterns of maternal substance use and infant birth weight, length and head circumference.Pediatrics 2004;114(2:e226-34.3. Demestre Guasch X, Raspall Torrent F, Vila Ceren C, Sala Castellvi P, Elizari Saco MJ, Martinez-Nadal S, et al. Influence of socioeconomic factors on weight, length and head circumference measurements in newborns from 35 to 42 weeks gestational. An Pediatr (Barc 2009;70(3:241-52.4. Fenichel, GM. Disorders of cranial volume and shape. In: Clinical Pediatric Neurology: A Signs and Symptoms Approach, 6th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders; 2009.p. 368.5. Kinsman SL, , Johnston MV. Hydrocephalus. In: Kliegman RM, Stanton BF, St Geme JW, Schor NF, Behrman RE, editors. Nelson textbook of pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Saunders, Philadelphia; 2011. p. 2008-11.6. Nard, JA. Abnormal head size and shape. In: Gartner JC,Zitelli BJ, editors. Common and Chronic Symptoms in Pediatrics. St. Louis: Mosby; 1997.7. Menkes JH, Sarnat HB, Flores-Sarnat L. Malformations of the central nervous system. In: Menkes JH, Sarnat HB, Maria BL, editors. Child Neurology. 7th ed. Philadelphia:  Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2006. p. 284.8. Williams CA, Dagli A, Battaglia A. Genetic disorders associated with macrocephaly. Am J Med Genet A 2008;146A(15:2023-37.9. Varma R, Williams SD, Wessel HB. Neurology. In: Zitelli BJ, Davis HW, edtors. Atlas of Pediatric Physical Diagnosis. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Mosby Elsevier; 2007. p. 563.10. Rekate HL. Hydrocephalus in children. In: Winn HR, Youmans JR, editors. Youmans Neurological Surgery. 5th ed. St Louis: Saunders. 2003. 3387-404.11. Gupta SN, Belay B. Intracranial incidental findings on brain MR images in a pediatric neurology practice: a retrospective study. J Neurol Sci 2008;264(1-2:34-7.12. Alper G, Ekinci G, Yilmaz Y, Arikan C, Telyar G

  14. CSWS Versus SIADH as the Probable Causes of Hyponatremia in Children With Acute CNS Disorders

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    Hadi SORKHI


    : syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion versus cerebral salt wasting. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2000;15(2:262-8.14. Rivkees SA. Differentiation appropriate antiduretic hormone secretion, inappropriate antiduretic secretion and cerebral salt wasting: the common, uncommon, and misnamed. Curr Opin Pediatr 2008;20(4:448-52.15. Sterns RH, Silver SM. Cerebral salt wasting versus SIADH:What difference? J Am Soc Nephrol 2008;19(2:194-6.16. Jiménez R, Casado-Flores J, Nieto M, García-Teresa MA. Cerebral salt wasting syndrome in children with acute central nervous system injury. Pediatr Neurol 2006;35(4:261-3.17. Bartter FC, Schwartz WB. Syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone. Am J Med 1967;42:790- 806.18. Verbalis JG. Pathogenesis of hyponatremia in an experimental model of the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis. Am J Physiol 1994;267(6 Pt 2:R1617-25.19. Harrigan MR. Cerebral salt wasting syndrome: a review.Neurosurgery 1996;38(1:152-60.20. Inatomi J, Yokoyama Y, Sekine T, Igarashi T. A case of cerebral salt-wasting syndrome associated with aseptic meningitis in an 8-year-old boy. Pediatr Nephrol 2008;23(4:659-62.21. Brookes MJ, Gould TH. Cerebral salt wasting syndrome in meningoencephalitis: a case report. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2003;74(2:277.22. Cuardrado-Godia E, Cerda M, Rodriguez-Campello A, Puig de Dou J. Sindrome pierde sal cerebral en las infeccioned del sistema nervioso central. Med Clin (Barc 2007;24:128(7;229-9.23. Roca-Ribas F, Ninno JE, Gasperin A, Lucas M, Liubia C. Cerebral salt wasting syndrome as a postoperative complication after surgical resection of acoustic neuroma. Otol Neurotol 2002;23:992-5.24. Bussmann C, Bast T, Rating D. Hyponatraemia in childrenwith acute CNS disease: SIADH or cerebral salt wasting? Childs Nerv Syst 2001;17(1-2:58-62.25. Hardesty DA, Kilbaugh TJ, Storm PB. Cerebral Salt Wasting Syndrome in Post-Operative Pediatric Brain Tumor Patients. Neurocrit Care 2012;17(3:382-7.26. Agha A, Thornton E