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Sample records for barbering

  1. Instructional Materials for Cosmetology and Barbering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Olive P.

    The purpose of this paper is to aid curriculum development specialists, state leadership personnel, and local supervisors of trade and industry in evaluating curriculum and instructional materials development in cosmetology and barbering. Intended to help either the new or experienced teacher improve programs and identify useful instructional…

  2. Barber's Point, Oahu, Hawaii Drift Card Study 2002-2004

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Drift cards were be released from Barber's Point, Oahu, approximately once a month during the two year span to get an idea of the distribution of card drift under...

  3. 75 FR 38019 - Safety Zone; Fixed Mooring Balls, South of Barbers Pt. Harbor Channel, Oahu, HI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Fixed Mooring Balls, South of Barbers Pt... placement of six fixed mooring balls in an area south of Barbers Pt. Harbor Channel, the Coast Guard is... Safety Zone; Fixed Mooring Balls, South of Barbers Pt Harbor Channel, Oahu, Hawaii. (a) Location....

  4. Barbers' knowledge and practice about occupational biological hazards was low in Gondar town, North West Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beyen Teresa Kisi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Several health hazards including communicable diseases and skin conditions are associated with Barbers’ profession to which their visitors are exposed. Thus, knowledge and practice of Barbers would play a vital part in prevention and control of these health hazards. So, the aim of this study is to assess knowledge and practice, and associated factors among barbers about biological hazards associated with their profession in Gondar town, North West Ethiopia. Methods To assess knowledge and practice, and associated factors among barbers about biological hazards associated with their profession in Gondar town, North West Ethiopia, A work place based cross-sectional study was conducted from March 28 to April 6, 2012. The total numbers of Barbers in the town were 960 of which 400 Barbers were participated in the study. Sample size was determined using the formula for single population proportion by considering, 51% proportion, knowledgeable Barbers from Jimma, Ethiopia, 95% level of confidence, 5% margin of error and 15% none response rate. The numbers of barbers included in the study were selected by using systematic random sampling. Data was collected by face to face interview using a structured and pre-tested questionnaire. Binary and multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify factors associated with knowledge and practice of barbers. Results Of 400 barbers, only 72 (18% had good knowledge about biological hazards associated to their profession, While only 61 (15.3% were practicing safely during barbering. Knowledge of the barbers was associated significantly with educational level, owner of the business, working hour and work experience, while practice was associated only with availability of UV sterilizers in the room and working hour. Conclusion Barbers’ practice and knowledge to prevent biological hazards associated with their profession is very poor. Thus, giving training for the Barbers is

  5. Levantamiento tridimensional de la plaza Barberà de Badalona

    OpenAIRE

    Vega Carro, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    El siguiente documento redacta la realización de un proyecto que consiste en el levantamiento topográfico de la plaza Barberà de Badalona. En él se consigue además un modelo tridimensional, a escala 1/100, de todas las fachadas que se encuentran en dicha plaza. Una de ellas es la fachada principal de la iglesia de Santa María, considerada patrimonio cultural de Cataluña. El levantamiento está georreferenciado en el sistema de referencia ETRS89 con coordenadas UTM. El modelo tridimension...

  6. [Between barber's and hospital: the role of barber-surgeons in Osijek in the period from 1687 to 1746].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atalić, Bruno; Fatović-Ferencić, Stella

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents emergence and role of medical practitioners especially surgeons and barbers in particular in Osijek in the period marked by the Christian liberation in 1687 to the pronouncement of Regulationenfür Baderen in 1746. On the bases of archival sources we have revealed their identity, origin, number and reputation, and demonstrated differences in their duties in comparison to the other towns of the Habsburg Monarchy. We argued that their presence and activities can be explained by the position of Osijek as an important military fortification at the Othoman Empire's border, as well as with deficiency of physicians. The data presented in this paper demonstrate the very beginnings of medical practitioners in Osijek and are therefore important in understanding of the further development and the organization of health on this territory. PMID:18257339

  7. Barbers Point Sewage Outfall Fish Census from Annual Surveys 1991-2010 (NODC Accession 0073346)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Honouliuli Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) located in Ewa, Oahu, Hawaii, near Barbers Point (Kalaeloa) has been in operation since 1982. It releases...

  8. Nostalgia and Cultural Memory in Barber's Knoxville:Summer of 1915

    OpenAIRE

    Taylor, Benedict

    2008-01-01

    Samuel Barber's “lyric rhapsody” for soprano and orchestra, Knoxville: Summer of 1915 (1947), is one of his most celebrated and complicated pieces. The most ostensibly backward-looking, nostalgic work of this “conservative,” neoromantic composer, Knoxville is yet atypical of Barber in that by most accounts it is the most American piece in an oeuvre otherwise rarely seen as touched by national flavor. Dating from an era just recovering from the cataclysm of World War II, Knoxville can be seen ...

  9. Pembuatan Program Grafik Barber Johnson di Rumah Sakit Umum Mitra Sejati Medan Tahun 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Hasibuan, Salmia

    2011-01-01

    Barber Johnson’s Graph is one indicator of hospital assessments conducted by the calculation of Bed Occupancy Rate (BOR), Length of Stay (LOS), Turn Over Interval (TOI) and Bed Turn Over (BTO). At the Mitra Sejati General Hospital in Medan, it was made program of Barber Johnson Graphic by using Microsoft Excel. The calculation of BOR, LOS, TOI & BTO is done by inputing data of the number of beds available, the number of beds used and the number of patients go home. The purpose of making Ba...

  10. Bilingual Skills Training Program. Barbering/Cosmetology. Module 9.0: Respiratory System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Northern New Mexico Community Coll., El Rito.

    This module on the respiratory system is the ninth of ten (CE 028 308-318) in the barbering/cosmetology course of a bilingual skills training program. (A Vocabulary Development Workbook for modules 6-10 is available as CE 028 313.) The course is designed to furnish theoretical and laboratory experiences. Module objectives are for students to…

  11. Bilingual Skills Training Program. Barbering/Cosmetology. Module 2.0: Sterilization and Sanitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Northern New Mexico Community Coll., El Rito.

    This module on sterlization and sanitation is the second of ten (CE 028 308-318) in the barbering/cosmetology course of a bilingual skills training program. (A Vocabulary Development Workbook for modules 6-10 is available as CE 028 313.) The course is designed to furnish theoretical and laboratory experience. Module objectives are for students to…

  12. Bilingual Skills Training Program. Barbering/Cosmetology. Module 7.0: Endocrine System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Northern New Mexico Community Coll., El Rito.

    This module on the endocrine system is the seventh of ten (CE 028 308-318) in the barbering/cosmetology course of a bilingual skills training program. (A Vocabulary Development Workbook for modules 6-10 is available as CE 028 313.) The course is designed to furnish theoretical and laboratory epxerience. Module objectives are for students to…

  13. Barbering/Cosmetology, Module 6-10: Bilingual Vocational Language Development Workbook.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Northern New Mexico Community Coll., El Rito.

    This vocabulary language development workbook accompanies modules 6-10 in the barbering/cosmetology course of the Bilingual Skills Training Program (CE 028 314-318). For each module the trade-related vocabulary to be learned and practiced is first presented in both English and Spanish. Various types of activities and exercises using both the…

  14. Benthic faunal sampling adjacent to the Barbers Point ocean outfall, Oahu, Hawaii, 1986-2010 (NODC Accession 9900098)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Benthic fauna in the vicinity of the Barbers Point (Honouliuli) ocean outfall were sampled from 1986-2010. To assess the environmental quality, sediment grain size...

  15. STD/AIDS Education and Behavioral Intervention Among Shenzhen Female Barbers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZENG Xuchun(曾序春); HONG Fuchang(洪福昌); LUO Bin(罗斌); CAI Yumao(蔡于茂); LI Xiaohuan(李小环); ZHOU Hua(周华); DONG Shifu(董时富); Joseph Lau(刘德辉)

    2002-01-01

    Objective: To understand female barbers' currentawareness of STD/AIDS and evaluate the effect of healtheducation and behavioral interventions.Methods: 53 barbershops in Shenzhen were selected bysampling, and their 382 female barbers were given abase-line survey and assessment of intervention followingthe intervention. Results: The survey showed that female barbersgenerally have little education and knew little aboutSTDs/AIDS. They also had some misunderstanding aboutSTDs/AIDS. Most of them knew the main transmission ofSTDs/AIDS' through sexual contact, but didn't knowwhether AIDS could be transmitted through casual contactin daily life. Their knowledge of STDs/AIDS was limited,but they had lower condom use rates and correct ideasabout when to see the doctor.Conclusion: Health education and behavioralintervention related to STD/AIDS on special populationwere effective and of good social consequence.

  16. Barber's hair sinus in a female hairdresser: uncommon manifestation of an occupational disease: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Efthimiadis, Christopher; Kosmidis, Christopher; Anthimidis, George; Grigoriou, Marios; Levva, Sofia; Fachantidis, Panagiotis; Psihidis, George

    2008-01-01

    Background Barber's disease is an acquired occupational disease produced by short customers' hairs that penetrate the interdigital spaces of the hands. The lesion has been reported to occur mostly on the hands of male hairdressers. The purpose of this article is to report a rare case of a female hairdresser who developed a pilonidal sinus in the interdigital web of her non-dominant hand and review the relevant literature. Case presentation A 29 year-old Greek female hairdresser underwent surg...

  17. Sero-prevalence of Hepatitis C antibodies in the people visiting roadside barbers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sharing of blades and shaving kits, especially unsterilized ones are known risk factors for the transmission of Hepatitis C. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of Hepatitis C antibodies reactivity among the patients admitted due to any medical condition and who have been visiting roadside barbers. Methodology: This was a descriptive study conducted from July 2007 to June 2008 in the Medical Unit-111, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center, Karachi. The study was designed to include patient's demographics (age, occupation, marital status and education), clinical information and duration of the visits to roadside barbers with an approximate frequency of shavings per month. The patients with history of > 3 visits to a roadside barber during the last six months were included in the study. Whereas, the patients with history of liver disease, blood transfusion, surgery, dental treatment, tattoo marks, intravenous drug use, on regular injectable medicine (like insulin, etc), multiple sexual partners and on haemodialysis were excluded from the study. A blood sample was collected at the time of admission and the screening for HCV-antibodies was done by Enzyme Linked Immuno-Sorbant Assay (ELISA). Results: A total of 184 male patients were included in the study. The mean age + SD of the patients under the study was 33.8+13.2 years. The majority of study patients were uneducated and belonged to low socioeconomic group. Out of 184 patients, 70(38%) were found to be HCV-antibodies reactive. In comparison to younger patients (age <40 years), the older patients as well as those with history of longer duration of visits to roadside barbers had high prevalence of HCV-antibodies reactivity, P.015 and P.02 respectively. There was no statistical significant difference for the prevalence of HCV- antibodies reactivity among the different socioeconomic groups, educational level and marital status. Conclusion: In the present study, it is concluded that the sharing of

  18. Active Art Education in a University Museum: The Example of the Barber Institute

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şehnaz Yalçın Wells

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Museums provide individuals with access to a variety of artworks at a quality and quantity that is not possible any other way. Museum education is of great importance to get effective benefit from museums. Nowadays museum education starts at an early age, and is simultaneously given in appropriate subjects of different lessons. Turkey has made important progresses in museum education and museum studies in recent years, but clearly there is much more to do when compared to more developed countries. These steps can be summarised (a increasing research into museum education and museology, (b staff training, (c creation of social awareness, (d development and application of new projects. Managing all these is not possible with the state’s efforts. Private entrepreneurs and civil society should take the initiative and contribute towards museum education and museology. The aim of this research is to determine the potential and function of art education, and to introduce the museum/art activities made in this context in the Barber Museum of Fine Arts Institute at Birmingham University, England. In line with these aims the answers to these questions are being sought: 1. How was Barber Institute Museum been established and developed? a What is the history of the museum’s foundation? b In the context of the development of museology and art, how can the establishment of the museum by a person/family be evaluated? 2. What are the institutional features of the Barber Institute Museum? a What are the administrative features of the museum? b What are the spatial features and importance of the museum? c What is the artistic significance of its collections? 3. How is museum/art education applied at the Barber Institute Museum? 4. How can the example of the Barber Institute be assessed in terms of museology and museum/art education? Method: This is a qualitative research study, and the case study method is used accordingly. This method foresees the portrayal

  19. Counterclockwise barber-pole sign on CT: SMA/SMV variance without midgut malrotation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report on a 10-year-old girl who presented with worsening pain and anorexia after blunt trauma to the abdomen. Contrast-enhanced CT of the abdomen was performed, and a counterclockwise rotation of the superior mesenteric vein around the superior mesenteric artery was seen. An upper gastrointestinal (UGI) series with small-bowel follow-through demonstrated a normally located duodenal-jejunal junction. This is the first case report of a counterclockwise barber-pole sign seen by CT with UGI that was negative for malrotation or volvulus. (orig.)

  20. Counterclockwise barber-pole sign on CT: SMA/SMV variance without midgut malrotation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Clark, Paul [Tripler Army Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Honolulu, Hawaii (United States); Ruess, Lynne [Tripler Army Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Honolulu, Hawaii (United States); Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences and Pediatrics, Bethesda, MD (United States)

    2005-11-01

    We report on a 10-year-old girl who presented with worsening pain and anorexia after blunt trauma to the abdomen. Contrast-enhanced CT of the abdomen was performed, and a counterclockwise rotation of the superior mesenteric vein around the superior mesenteric artery was seen. An upper gastrointestinal (UGI) series with small-bowel follow-through demonstrated a normally located duodenal-jejunal junction. This is the first case report of a counterclockwise barber-pole sign seen by CT with UGI that was negative for malrotation or volvulus. (orig.)

  1. Use of commercial live feeds enrichment during first feeding period of the barber goby Elacatinus figaro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo R. P. Shei

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available t. The first feeding period is the most critical phase for the production of marine fish larvae. The utilization of n-3 HUFA enrichment on live feed has improved the results for several species during the larviculture. To evaluate the effect of n-3 HUFA enrichment on survival and growth of the barber goby Elacatinus figaro Sazima, Moura & Rosa, 1997, newly hatched larvae were divided in two experimental groups (200 larvae per group, with two replicates each. One group was fed on non-enriched rotifers Brachionus plicatilis and the other group was fed with n-3 HUFA enriched rotifers. After 14 days of experiment, survival of larvae fed n-3 HUFA enriched rotifers was three times higher (35.7 ± 3.1% than those fed non-enriched rotifers (11.1 ± 5.2 %, however this difference was not significant. Growth was faster for larvae fed n-3 HUFA enriched rotifers after the first week of life, but at the end of 14 days, it was no longer significantly different between the two groups (6.09 ± 0.62 and 5.69 ± 0.66 mm. The results of this experiment suggest that barber goby should be fed n-3 HUFA enriched rotifer in order to maximize juvenile production.

  2. 33 CFR 110.236 - Pacific Ocean off Barbers Point, Island of Oahu, Hawaii: Offshore pipeline terminal anchorages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., Island of Oahu, Hawaii: Offshore pipeline terminal anchorages. 110.236 Section 110.236 Navigation and... Grounds § 110.236 Pacific Ocean off Barbers Point, Island of Oahu, Hawaii: Offshore pipeline terminal... vessels of over 100 gross tons shall not approach within 1,000 yards at a speed in excess of 6 knots....

  3. Barberà i Cuní: dos models entonatius per a programes informatius

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nil Torrent Adell

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available En aquest treball, s’analitza i es descriu el model entonatiu de dos dels presentadors més coneguts de programes informatius (entrevistes i tertúlies de la televisió catalana, Jaume Barberà i Josep Cuní. La investigació s’ha basat en el mètode Anàlisi Melòdica de la Parla i s’ha dut a terme utilitzant, principalment, l’aplicació d’anàlisi i de síntesi de veu Praat, i el programa SPSS per comprovar-ne la significativitat. S’han descrit els trets que tenen en comú ambdós locutors i els trets en els quals divergeixen, i s’ha constatat que en la locució del cos del contorn presenten diferències significatives: Barberà marca gairebé totes les síl·labes tòniques de les paraules del contorn amb ascensos elevats, davant de Cuní, que en marca menys, també en tòniques, i amb ascensos tonals més discrets. Pel que fa a l’ús de patrons i de trets melòdics propis del català en parla espontània, els presentadors només n’utilitzen una part i de manera força recurrent, fet que dóna un ritme característic al seu discurs.

  4. Fish Census Data from Annual Surveys at Selected Shallow-water Sites Near the Barber's Point Sewage Outfall, Ewa, Oahu, Hawaii, 1991 - 2010 (NODC Accession 0073346)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Honouliuli Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) located in Ewa, Oahu, Hawaii, near Barbers Point (Kalaeloa) has been in operation since 1982. It releases...

  5. Community Structure of Fish and Macrobenthos at Selected Shallow-water Sites in Relation to the Barber's Point Outfall, Oahu, Hawaii, 1991 - 1999 (NODC Accession 0000174)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This report provides the results of the eight years of an annual quantitative monitoring of shallow marine communities inshore of the Barbers Point Ocean Outfall...

  6. Sediment Monitoring and Benthic Faunal Sampling Adjacent to the Barbers Point Ocean Outfall, Oahu, Hawaii, 1986-2010 (NODC Accession 9900098)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Benthic fauna and sediment in the vicinity of the Barbers Point (Honouliuli) ocean outfall were sampled from 1986-2010. To assess the environmental quality,...

  7. Penciptaan Drama Musikal Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street (Sweeney Todd:Tukang Cukur Haus Darah)

    OpenAIRE

    Husni Wardhana; Suharyoso Suharyoso

    2013-01-01

    Proses kreatif penyutradaraan Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street memberi banyak pelajarantentang drama musikal. Drama musikal memiliki keunikan tersendiri dalam proses maupun bentuk penyajiannya.Jenis drama ini sangat populer di Amerika, dan merupakan satu-satunya sumbangan Amerika dalam memperkayajenis teater dunia. Cerita ini merupakan kisah legendaris Inggris. Berkali-kali naskah karya Christopher Bond inidimainkan di berbagai benua di dunia, namun bila dilihat dari sejarah pen...

  8. Barber's hair sinus in a female hairdresser: uncommon manifestation of an occupational disease: a case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Efthimiadis, Christopher; Kosmidis, Christopher; Anthimidis, George; Grigoriou, Marios; Levva, Sofia; Fachantidis, Panagiotis; Psihidis, George

    2008-01-01

    Background Barber's disease is an acquired occupational disease produced by short customers' hairs that penetrate the interdigital spaces of the hands. The lesion has been reported to occur mostly on the hands of male hairdressers. The purpose of this article is to report a rare case of a female hairdresser who developed a pilonidal sinus in the interdigital web of her non-dominant hand and review the relevant literature. Case presentation A 29 year-old Greek female hairdresser underwent surgical excision of the pilonidal sinus and curettage. She was not hospitalised, while prompt resolution of the condition and prevention of recurrence was achieved. Conclusion Pilonidal sinus of the interdigital spaces of the hand is a rare and preventable acquired occupational disease. The personal hygiene with thorough removal of any hairs that have penetrated the epidermis during the working day could prevent the formation of the disease. Surgical excision, curettage and primary healing seem to be a safe method of treatment. PMID:18837967

  9. Barber Pole Sign in CT Angiography, Adult Presentation of Midgut Malrotation: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garcelan-Trigo

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Adult midgut volvulus is a challenging diagnosis because of its low incidence and nonspecific symptoms. Diagnostic delay and long-term complaints are frequent in this clinical scenario. We reported a patient referred to our diagnostic imaging unit with intermittent abdominal pain, bloating and episodic vomiting for several years. He underwent barium gastrointestinal transit and abdominal ultrasound, which revealed severe gastric dilatation, food retention and slow transit until a depressed duodenojejunal flexure, with malrotation of the midgut and jejunal loops being located in the right upper quadrant. Computed tomography angiography was performed, showing rotation of the small intestine around the mesentery root, suggestive of midgut malrotation. In addition, an abnormal twisted disposition of superior mesenteric artery with corkscrew appearance was seen, shaping the pole-barber sign which was evident in volume rendering three-dimensional reconstructions. The patient underwent scheduled surgical treatment without any complication and had good outcome after hospital discharge and follow-up. Computed tomography plays an important role in evaluation of adult midgut volvulus. In addition, angiographic reconstructions can help us to assess the anatomic disposition of mesenteric vascular supply. Both of these assessments are useful in preoperative management.

  10. Barber Pole Sign in CT Angiography, Adult Presentation of Midgut Malrotation: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcelan-Trigo, Juan Arsenio; Tello-Moreno, Manuel; Rabaza-Espigares, Manuel Jesus; Talavera-Martinez, Ildefonso

    2015-07-01

    Adult midgut volvulus is a challenging diagnosis because of its low incidence and nonspecific symptoms. Diagnostic delay and long-term complaints are frequent in this clinical scenario. We reported a patient referred to our diagnostic imaging unit with intermittent abdominal pain, bloating and episodic vomiting for several years. He underwent barium gastrointestinal transit and abdominal ultrasound, which revealed severe gastric dilatation, food retention and slow transit until a depressed duodenojejunal flexure, with malrotation of the midgut and jejunal loops being located in the right upper quadrant. Computed tomography angiography was performed, showing rotation of the small intestine around the mesentery root, suggestive of midgut malrotation. In addition, an abnormal twisted disposition of superior mesenteric artery with corkscrew appearance was seen, shaping the pole-barber sign which was evident in volume rendering three-dimensional reconstructions. The patient underwent scheduled surgical treatment without any complication and had good outcome after hospital discharge and follow-up. Computed tomography plays an important role in evaluation of adult midgut volvulus. In addition, angiographic reconstructions can help us to assess the anatomic disposition of mesenteric vascular supply. Both of these assessments are useful in preoperative management. PMID:26557278

  11. Penciptaan Drama Musikal Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street (Sweeney Todd:Tukang Cukur Haus Darah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Husni Wardhana

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Proses kreatif penyutradaraan Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street memberi banyak pelajarantentang drama musikal. Drama musikal memiliki keunikan tersendiri dalam proses maupun bentuk penyajiannya.Jenis drama ini sangat populer di Amerika, dan merupakan satu-satunya sumbangan Amerika dalam memperkayajenis teater dunia. Cerita ini merupakan kisah legendaris Inggris. Berkali-kali naskah karya Christopher Bond inidimainkan di berbagai benua di dunia, namun bila dilihat dari sejarah penciptaannya, kisah balas dendam seorangtukang cukur ini telah melalui proses adaptasi yang panjang. Beberapa penulis besar di jamannya sebelum melewatitangan kreatif Christopher Bond telah mengkreasi ulang naskah ini. Drama musikal ini berawal dari komedi musikaldan sejak tahun 1920 mengangkat tema-tema serius yang biasa disebut musik Broadway atau musik Amerika. Biasadisajikan dalam panggung besar West End dan Broadway di London, New York, Australia dan Asia. Beberapa kalidipanggungkan oleh kelompok teater sekolah atau kelompok teater amatir. Hampir seluruh pertunjukan drama musikal Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street diiringi dengan musik dan dinyanyikan. Dialog diubahmenjadi nyanyian. Para aktor di tuntut untuk dapat menyanyi, akting, dan menari. Drama musikal merupakanpertunjukan yang menggunakan tiga ciri utama, yakni menyanyi, menari, dan berakting yang mendominasi hampirseluruh pertunjukan.Kata kunci: penyutradaraan, drama musikal, kisah legendaris, Sweeney Todd, teater sekolah.ABSTRACTThe musical drama Sweeney Todd: Th e Demon Barber of Fleet Street. The creative directing process of this drama has given many good lessons to the art work of performing arts, especially to musical drama performance. The musical drama has its own unique characteristics in its process and performance. This type of drama is very popular in the USA, and has been the only contribution from the USA to enrich the typical of world theater. Sweeney Todd: The Demon

  12. The Survey of Knowledge, Attitude and Performance Of Female Barbers in Relation to Job's Environmental Health: A Case Study of Malayer City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Almasi

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Hygiene disregarding and usage of contaminated tools leads to viral infections, fungal, bacterial and skin diseases, eczema, warts, tetanus and so on. Thus assessment of knowledge, attitudes and performance of barbers in order to ensure the security and public health is really necessary. This study is aimed at determining the knowledge, attitude and performance of female barbers in relation to job's environmental health in Malayer city. In present descriptive- analytical study, 75 female barbers sampling of Malayer city were selected by clusters – systematic method. The data were obtained through questionnaires for completion and checklist. Data analysis was performed using SPSS 21 statistical software. The result showed, 86.66% of people have attained correct awareness of regulations and 92.28% had positive attitude toward regulations and 86.38% of people in this study showed appropriate health practice. In order to, compare the average knowledge level in regard to parameters such as age, work experiences and income situation showed a statistically significant difference. In attitude and performance section, the difference between age and mentioned parameters was not statistically significant (P≥ 0.05. Despite the desirable level of knowledge, attitude and practice of barbers female in Malayer city, in order to improve the situation, to be better the presence of barbers in special guilds courses to train seriously.

  13. Plan empresarial para la creación de una barbería estilo clásica en Madrid: Imperitus Barbershop

    OpenAIRE

    Peñaloza-Sandoval, Andrea C.

    2016-01-01

    El presente plan de negocio plantea la puesta en marcha de una barbería al estilo tradicional propio de los años 50, pretendiendo atacar un nicho de mercado que plantea la necesidad de consumir productos alejados de las grandes industrias y apoya el retorno de las actividades tradicionales y artesanales como lo es la barbería. Mediante el análisis del sector, el desarrollo de un plan de marketing, el planteamiento de una estructura de operaciones óptimas y la realización de un plan económi...

  14. Bir Üniversite Müzesinde Aktif Sanat Eğitimi: Barber Enstitüsü Örneği-Active Art Education in a University Museum: The Example of the Barber Institute

    OpenAIRE

    Yalçın Wells, Şehnaz

    2014-01-01

    Özet Bu çalışmada İngiltere'de Birmingham Üniversitesi'nde bulunan Barber Güzel Sanatlar Enstitüsü Galerisi, sanat eğitimi potansiyel ve işlevi bakımından incelenmektedir. Bu temel amaca paralel olarak araştırmada müzenin tarihsel gelişimi, müze olarak sahip olduğu koleksiyonun sanatsal değeri ve müze/sanat eğitimi bağlamında yapılan faaliyetler ortaya konmaktadır. Araştırma bir kurum ve süreci herhangi bir müdahalede bulunmadan mevcut haliyle ortaya koymayı amaçladığından durum çalışması ...

  15. Anticipation of Artemia sp. supply in the larviculture of the barber goby Elacatinus figaro (Gobiidae: Teleostei influenced growth, metamorphosis and alkaline protease activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Fernanda da Silva-Souza

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The barber goby Elacatinus figaro is considered endangered due to overexploitation by the ornamental industry. Farming marine ornamental fishes, especially the threatened ones, can be one of the measures to minimize the pressure on the natural stocks. Among the priority issues for their production is the determination of the most appropriate feeding management. The feeding protocol commonly used in the larviculture of barber goby, when the start of Artemia sp. offer occurred at the 18th DAH (days after hatching (treatment T18, was modified, by anticipating brine shrimp supply in 6 days (treatment T12. Alkaline proteases activity, growth and metamorphosis of larvae were evaluated in both protocols. Juveniles at T12 showed higher weight (0.04 ± 0.001 g and lower activity of total alkaline proteases (1.3 ± 0.2 mU mg-1 protein compared to T18 (0.02 ± 0.001 g; 2.8 ± 0.4 mU mg-1 protein, respectively. With anticipation of brine shrimp, the commencing and end of larval transformation was observed earlier (at 24 and 34 DAH, respectively in comparison to those with the supply of Artemia sp. at 18 DAH (27 and 41 DAH, respectively. Thus, the Artemia sp. anticipation was beneficial during the larviculture of the barber goby, considering that larvae reached metamorphosis earlier.

  16. Sarcocystis schneideri n. sp. (Sarcocystidae) infecting the barber skink Eumeces schneideri schneideri (Scincidae) Daudin, 1802. A light and ultrastructural study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bashtar, Abdel-Rahman; Al Aal, Zain Abd; Maarouf, Wael; Morsy, Kareem; Al Quraishy, Saleh

    2014-06-01

    The current study provides the first record of infection with Sarcocystis species in the barber skink Eumeces schneideri schneideri (Scincidae) captured from the north region of Egypt around the cities of El-Hamam and Al-Dabaa, Mersa Matruh Governorate, Egypt. Morphology of the parasite cysts was described using light and transmission electron microscopy. Five out of 80 (6.25%) of the examined skinks were found to be infected. The infection was recorded firstly by light microscopy as spindle-shaped cysts embedded in the muscle tissue. The cysts were microscopic and measured 250-900 μm in length × 50-100 μm in width (mean, 575 × 75 μm). The validity of this species was confirmed by means of ultrastructural characteristics of the primary cyst wall (0.28 μm thick) which revealed the presence of irregularly shaped crowded and osmiophilic knob-like projections underlined by a thin layer of ground substance measuring 0.15-0.17 μm (mean, 0.16 μm). This layer consisted mainly of fine, dense homogenous granules enclosing the developing metrocytes and merozoites that usually contain nearly all the structures of the apical complex and fill the interior cavity of the cyst. Several septa derived from the ground substance divided the cyst into compartments. The merozoites were banana-shaped and measured 3-5 μm in length and 1.5-2.5 in width with centrally or posteriorly located nuclei. The morphological and morphometric data obtained during study were compared with those recorded previously from organisms within the Scincidae family. It was observed that this parasite possessed some distinguishing characteristics from the comparable species, which should be considered as a new species of the Sarcocystis genus, and the proposed name was Sarcocystis schneideri n. sp. with new host and locality records in Egypt. PMID:24728518

  17. Numerical Simulation of Regional Changes in Ground-Water Levels and in the Freshwater-Saltwater Interface Induced by Increased Pumpage at Barbers Point Shaft, Oahu, Hawaii

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souza, William R.; Meyer, William

    1995-01-01

    The effect on the regional ground-water system of southern Oahu from increased pumpage at Barbers Point shaft was estimated by a numerical ground-water model developed for the Oahu Regional Aquifer Systems Analysis (RASA) study. The RASA model was updated by revising pumping and ground-water recharge data. Pumpage data used in the new simulations were based on the allocated pumping rates for 1995 as set by the State Commission on Water Resource Management. On the basis of numerical simulation, Barbers Point shaft can sustain a withdrawal rate of 4.34 million gallons per day without adversely affecting wells in the Waianae aquifer. From results of numerical simulations, it is estimated that, as a result of increasing pumpage in Barbers Point shaft by 2 million gallons per day above the 1995-allocated rate of 2.337 million gallons per day, regional declines in ground-water levels will be about 0.4 to 0.7 feet throughout the Waianae aquifer and about 0.8 ft at the shaft. The corresponding rise of the freshwater-saltwater interface, as a result of declines in ground-water levels, is estimated to be about 20 to 30 feet. Numerical simulation also indicates that changes in ground-water levels greater than about 0.1 feet do not extend across either the Waianae-Koolau unconformity or the south Schofield barrier. The model-estimated position of the freshwater-saltwater interface, as a result of additional pumpage, ranges from 500 to 860 feet below sea level in the southern and northern parts of the aquifer, respectively, and about 540 feet below sea level at the shaft. On the basis of an estimate of the thickness of the transition-zone, the freshwater lens would remain about 240 feet thick below the shaft. In addition, the estimated declines in ground-water levels throughout the aquifer are small compared with the thickness of the freshwater lens and these declines would not be expected to affect the yields of other wells in terms of quantity. Chloride concentrations in the

  18. A combined Raman microscopy, XRF and SEM-EDX study of three valuable objects - A large painted leather screen and two illuminated title pages in 17th century books of ordinances of the Worshipful Company of Barbers, London

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaplin, Tracey D.; Clark, Robin J. H.; Martinón-Torres, Marcos

    2010-07-01

    Raman microscopy has been used to identify the pigments decorating three valuable items owned by the Worshipful Company of Barbers (established in 1308 in London), one being a large leather screen dating to before 1712, the other two being illuminated title pages of books of ordinances of the Company dating to 1605 and 1658. Pigments which could not be fully characterised by this technique (particularly the green paints) have also been subject to XRF or SEM-EDX analysis. The combined analytical approach has shown that the pigments identified on all three items are typical of those in use as artists' pigments in the 17th C and include azurite, indigo, vermilion, red lead, pink and yellow lakes, verdigris, lead white, calcite (and chalk), gypsum, carbon-based black, and gold and silver leaf. However in the case of the screen alone, restoration in the 1980s has been carried out with different pigments - haematite, phthalocyanine green, rutile, and a mixture of azurite, malachite and barium sulfate. This work constitutes the first in-depth study of painted leatherwork and demonstrates that the palette used for this purpose is similar to that used on other works of art of the same date. It has also allowed the original colour schemes of the decorations to be determined where pigment degradation has occurred. The combined analysis has also provided a more complete understanding of the materials used for, or on, objects to which access is limited.

  19. Barber Pole Sign in CT Angiography, Adult Presentation of Midgut Malrotation: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Garcelan-Trigo; Tello-Moreno; Rabaza-Espigares; Talavera-Martinez

    2015-01-01

    Adult midgut volvulus is a challenging diagnosis because of its low incidence and nonspecific symptoms. Diagnostic delay and long-term complaints are frequent in this clinical scenario. We reported a patient referred to our diagnostic imaging unit with intermittent abdominal pain, bloating and episodic vomiting for several years. He underwent barium gastrointestinal transit and abdominal ultrasound, which revealed severe gastric dilatation, food retention and slow transit until a depressed du...

  20. Active Art Education in a University Museum: The Example of the Barber Institute

    OpenAIRE

    Şehnaz Yalçın Wells

    2014-01-01

    Museums provide individuals with access to a variety of artworks at a quality and quantity that is not possible any other way. Museum education is of great importance to get effective benefit from museums. Nowadays museum education starts at an early age, and is simultaneously given in appropriate subjects of different lessons. Turkey has made important progresses in museum education and museum studies in recent years, but clearly there is much more to do when compared t...

  1. Genetics Home Reference: Ohdo syndrome, Say-Barber-Biesecker-Young-Simpson variant

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Fryer A, Chandler KE, Kerr B, Tassabehji M, Lynch SA, Krajewska-Walasek M, McKee S, Smith J, Sweeney ... PubMed Verloes A, Bremond-Gignac D, Isidor B, David A, Baumann C, Leroy MA, Stevens R, Gillerot ...

  2. "Barber pole turbulence" in large aspect ratio Taylor-Couette flow

    OpenAIRE

    Prigent, A; Dauchot, O.

    2000-01-01

    Investigations of counter-rotating Taylor-Couette flow (TCF) in the narrow gap limit are conducted in a very large aspect ratio apparatus. The phase diagram is presented and compared to that obtained by Andereck et al. The spiral turbulence regime is studied by varying both internal and external Reynolds numbers. Spiral turbulence is shown to emerge from the fully turbulent regime via a continuous transition appearing first as a modulated turbulent state, which eventually relaxes locally to t...

  3. Railroad Lines, vacant railways, Published in 2008, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Barber County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Railroad Lines dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Not Provided information as of 2008. It is described as 'vacant...

  4. [Barbers, charlatans, and the sick: The medical plurality of baroque Spain perceived by the picaresque Estebanillo González].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitz, Carolin

    2016-01-01

    In order to know about diseases and their medical treatment from the perspective of the patient in Baroque Spanish society, creative literature, especially the picaresque novel, is a valuable source that offers a representation of ideas on medicine and disease that were widespread among the population and difficult to access from other sources. The first-person narrative in the Vida y hechos de Estebanillo González (1646) offers knowledge on three different aspects of the medical world in Europe during the Thirty Years' War: Estebanillo practises various medical professions, appears in the story as a patient and comments on health practices and disease, providing highly useful material to analyze how different fields of medicine are represented in this literary work. PMID:27363248

  5. "To Garza's Barber Shop Goes All that Is Good and Bad": Hybrid Identity and Masculine Space in Mario Suarez's "El Hoyo" Story Cycle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambert, James S.

    2007-01-01

    In October of 2004, the University of Arizona Press published a short volume of Mario Suarez's short stories simply titled "Chicano Sketches." "Chicano Sketches" reflects the elusive nature of the stories themselves. Although Suarez himself probably would have considered his stories "sketches," they are much more polished, complete, and…

  6. Aprovechamiento solar en los terrenos agrarios de la Masía Can Gili, término municipal de Barberá del Vallés

    OpenAIRE

    Seven Porte, Xavier

    2012-01-01

    El objeto del presente proyecto define los conceptos y desarrolla cálculos necesarios para llevar a cabo el aprovechamiento energético mediante el uso de energías renovables, en nuestro caso la energía solar. La naturaleza de la energía solar proviene de esa gigantesca esfera formada de gases a alta temperatura. La temperatura en su interior se estima que es de 107 K, en su superficie oscila entre los 5762 y los 6300 K. El Sol genera energía mediante reacciones nucleares de ...

  7. Commentaries on the Report An Avalanche Is Coming. Higher Education and the Revolution Ahead by Michael Barber, Katelyn Donnelly, and Saad Rizvi

    OpenAIRE

    103-111,

    2013-01-01

    Sergey Filonovich, Ph.D. in Mathematical Physics, Professor, Dean of the Graduate School of Economics, National Research University - Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation. Email: Address: 4 Maly Gnezdnikovsky Lane, Moscow, 125009, Russian Federation.Lev Lyubimov, Ph.D. in Economics, Professor in the Subdepartment of Macroeconomic Analysis, Deputy Director of Research and Development at National Research University - Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russian F...

  8. Partial characterization of superoxide dismutase activity in the Barber pole worm-Haemonchus contortus infecting Capra hircus and abomasal tissue extracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sadia Rashid; Malik Irshadullah

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To determine the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) in the male and female haematophagous caprine worms, Haemonchus contortus infecting Capra hircus, and their E/S products and also to analyse the effect of Haemonchus infection on the level of host SOD. Methods: The SOD activity was analysed by using the pyrogallol autoxidation assay and non-denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis followed by specific enzyme staining by riboflavin-nitroblue tetrazolium method. Results: The adult females were found to have higher enzyme activity than the male worms. Appreciable amount of SOD activity was also detected in the worm culture medium and female worms secreted more SOD in comparison to the male parasites. The SOD activity was negatively correlated to the worm burden. Statistically significant decrease in SOD activity (P Conclusions:Haemonchus contortus is a key model parasite for drug and vaccine discovery. The presences of SOD activity in appreciable amount in the parasite as well as its E/S products indicate that it has a well-developed active antioxidant system to protect itself from the host immune attack. SOD could be the target for vaccine development which is the need of the hour as mass drug administration for parasite control has resulted in anthelmintic resistance across the globe and threatens the viability of sheep and goat industry in many regions of the world. The infection with Haemonchus causes a drastic reduction in SOD activity of the host tissue thus effecting its protective potential. One characteristic SOD band was found in the females which was not present in any other preparations and thus could be exploited for further studies on diagnostic/control measures.

  9. Partial characterization of superoxide dismutase activity in the Barber pole worm-Haemonchus contortus infecting Capra hircus and abomasal tissue extracts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sadia; Rashid; Malik; Irshadullah

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To determine the activity of superoxide dismutase(SOD) in the male and female haematophagous caprine worms,Haemonchus contortus infecting Capra hircus,and their E/S products and also to analyse the effect of Haemonchus infection on the level of host SOD.Methods:The SOD activity was analysed by using the pyrogallol autoxidation assay and non-denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis followed by specific enzyme staining by riboflavin-nitroblue tetrazolium method.Results:The adult females were found to have higher enzyme activity than the male worms.Appreciable amount of SOD activity was also detected in the worm culture medium and female worms secreted more SOD in comparison to the male parasites.The SOD activity was negatively correlated to the worm burden.Statistically significant decrease in SOD activity(P<0.05) was observed in the heavily infected host tissue in comparison to the control non-infected host tissue.SOD profile of the crude extracts of both the sexes revealed polymorphism and a fast migrating activity band being characteristic of E/S products.The SOD activities were found highly sensitive to potassium cyanide indicating the Cu/Zn form of SOD.Conclusions:Haemonchus contortus is a key model parasite for drug and vaccine discovery.The presences of SOD activity in appreciable amount in the parasite as well as its E/S products indicate that it has a well-developed active antioxidant system to protect itself from the host immune attack.SOD could be the target for vaccine development which is the need of the hour as mass drug administration for parasite control has resulted in anthelmintic resistance across the globe and threatens the viability of sheep and goat industry in many regions of the world.The infection with Haemonchus causes a drastic reduction in SOD activity of the host tissue thus effecting its protective potential.One characteristic SOD band was found in the females which was not present in any other preparations and thus could be exploited for further studies on diagnostic/control measures.

  10. OahuS_baseline - Offshore baseline used to cast shore-perpendicular transects for measurement of historical shoreline positions along South Oahu, Hawaii (Barbers Point to Sandy Beach)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Sandy ocean beaches are a popular recreational destination, often surrounded by communities containing valuable real estate. Development is on the rise despite the...

  11. OahuS_shorelines - Shorelines of the southern coastal region of Oahu, Hawaii, from Barbers Point to Sandy Beach, used in shoreline change analysis.

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Sandy ocean beaches are a popular recreational destination, often surrounded by communities containing valuable real estate. Development is on the rise despite the...

  12. 78 FR 53501 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-29

    ... Use in the Cosmetology and Barber Industry. Form: Announcement 2000-21. Abstract: Information is... Industry and the Cosmetology and Barber Industry). Form: Announcement 2000-19. Abstract: Information...

  13. Like My Father's

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢连香

    2000-01-01

    Mr Lloyd had a bald head. He went to the barber's every month to have a haircut. He sometimes took his small son Philip with him. When his father's haircut was going on, Philip sat and looked at the barber working there. The barber did not cut Philip's hair, for Mrs Lloyd, his mother, always cut it at home.

  14. OahuS_ST- Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) version 4.2 transects with short-term weighted linear regression rate calculations for the Oahu south region from Barbers Point to Sandy Beach, Hawaii.

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Sandy ocean beaches are a popular recreational destination, often surrounded by communities containing valuable real estate. Development is on the rise despite the...

  15. Por que matamos o barbeiro?: reflexões preliminares sobre a paradoxal exclusão do outro Why do we kill the barber?: preliminary reflections on the paradoxical exclusion of the other

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina Maria de Souza

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho discutirá a exclusão como efeito de mecanismos ao mesmo tempo assimilatório e racista. Racismo é aqui entendido como efeito de um processo que coloca em jogo tanto o temor subjetivo de se haver com o desejo do outro/estranho a mim mesmo como, também, uma fina rede de poderes articulados. Esta reflexão terá como objetivo iniciar, ainda que timidamente, um diálogo com Michel Foucault e autores inscritos na psicanálise. Isso será feito não no sentido de mostrar a possibilidade de, entre os conjuntos teóricos que representam, haver qualquer ponto de interseção, mas no sentido de apontar a necessidade de ser fabricada uma ferramenta que possa explicar a "colagem" dos dispositivos de poder ao funcionamento do sujeito, que, via de regra, deixa-se capturar por eles.This paper discusses exclusion as the effect of mechanisms that are at the same time assimilatory and racist. Racism is here understood as the effect of a process involving both the subjective fear of dealing with the desire of the other/stranger and a fine network of articulated powers. The aim of this reflection is to initiate a dialogue, however timid, with Michel Foucault as well as with authors who recur to a psychoanalytic approach. The intent is not to demonstrate there may have any points of intersection among the various theoretical groups they represent, but rather to point out the need to fashion a tool that explains the bonding of mechanisms of power to the subject's functioning, subject who usually lets himself be entangled by them.

  16. OahuS_LT - Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) version 4.2 transects with long-term weighted linear regression rate calculations for the Oahu south region from Barbers Point to Sandy Beach, Hawaii

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Sandy ocean beaches are a popular recreational destination, often surrounded by communities containing valuable real estate. Development is on the rise despite the...

  17. Evaluation of infection control and disinfection used in barbershops and beauty salons in Gorgan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Sadeghi

    2014-07-01

    Conclusion: Barbers awareness about disinfection was moderate indicating the need for education and training about the types of disinfectants and how to use them. Nevertheless, the knowledge, attitude, and practices of barbers about the disease was moderate to high. Existence of the mandatory training courses on public health and having valid certificate conducted by private sector are the main reasons for increased awareness and attitude of the barbers and beauty salon dressers about infectious diseases.

  18. 75 FR 11226 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Tip Reporting Alternative Tip Agreement Used in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-10

    ... Used in the Cosmetology and Barber Industry AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury. ACTION..., the IRS is soliciting comments concerning Tip Reporting Alternative Commitment used in the Cosmetology...: Tip Reporting Alternative Commitment Agreement used in the Cosmetology and Barber Industry. OMB...

  19. 78 FR 24313 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Tip Reporting Alternative Commitment Agreement (TRAC...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-24

    ... Agreement (TRAC) For Use in Industries Other Than the Food and Beverage Industry and The Cosmetology and... Beverage Industry and The Cosmetology and Barber Industry. DATES: Written comments should be received on or... Other than the Food and Beverage Industry and The Cosmetology and Barber Industry. OMB Number:...

  20. 78 FR 13402 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Tip Reporting Alternative Tip Agreement Used in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-27

    ... Used in the Cosmetology and Barber Industry AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury. ACTION..., the IRS is soliciting comments concerning tip reporting alternative commitment used in the cosmetology...: Tip Reporting Alternative Commitment Agreement used in the Cosmetology and Barber Industry. OMB...

  1. 75 FR 11225 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Tip Reporting Alternative Commitment Agreement (TRAC...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-10

    ... Agreement (TRAC) for Use in Industries Other Than the Food and Beverage Industry and the Cosmetology and... Beverage Industry and the Cosmetology and Barber Industry. DATES: Written comments should be received on or... Other Than the Food and Beverage Industry and the Cosmetology and Barber Industry. OMB Number:...

  2. Utility of morphological and molecular techniques for determination of paternity in two subspecies of Diabrotica undecimpunctata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)

    Science.gov (United States)

    An experiment was conducted to determine the paternity of F1 progeny using morphological and molecular methods in Diabrotica (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) subspecies: Diabrotica undecimpunctata howardi Barber, also known as spotted cucumber beetle and D. undecimpunctata undecimpunctata Mannerheim, als...

  3. Czech Studies. Language

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Papcunová, Jana

    Leeds: Maney Publ, 2008 - ( Parkinson , S.; Barber, L.), s. 869-882 ISBN 978-1-905981-82-3 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90610518 Keywords : linguistics * bibliography * Czech studies Subject RIV: AI - Linguistics

  4. Czech studies : language

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Nováková, Marie; Papcunová, Jana

    Vol. 66. Leeds: Maney Publ., 2006 - ( Parkinson , S.; Barber, L.), s. 761-773 ISBN 978-1-904350-26-2 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90610518 Keywords : linguistics * bibliography * Czech studies Subject RIV: AI - Linguistics

  5. Czech Studies. Language

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Nováková, Marie; Papcunová, Jana

    London: Maney Publishing, 2005 - ( Parkinson , S.; Barber, L.), s. 789-799 ISBN 0-901286-94-X Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90610518 Keywords : linguistics * bibliography * Czech studies Subject RIV: AI - Linguistics

  6. Czech studies : language

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Nováková, Marie; Papcunová, Jana

    Vol. 67. Leeds: Maney Publ., 2007 - ( Parkinson , S.; Barber, L.), s. 813-825 ISBN 978-1-904350-95-8 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90610518 Keywords : linguistics * bibliography * Czech studies Subject RIV: AI - Linguistics

  7. DVD. Sweeney Todd : Fleet Streeti deemonlik habemeajaja / Egle Loo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Loo, Egle

    2008-01-01

    Lühiarvustus õudusmuusikalist "Sweeney Todd : The Demon Barber of Fleet Street" Stephen Sondheimi muusikali alusel : režissöör Tim Burton : peaosades Johnny Depp, Helena Bonham Carter : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Suurbritannia 2007

  8. 28 CFR 36.104 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... physiological disorder or condition, cosmetic disfigurement, or anatomical loss affecting one or more of the... sales or rental establishment; (6) A laundromat, dry-cleaner, bank, barber shop, beauty shop,...

  9. 5 CFR 831.201 - Exclusions from retirement coverage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... under 35 CFR chapter I, subchapter E; (5) The appointment meets the definition of a provisional... Architects. Board of Barber Examiners. Boxing Commission. Board of Cosmetology. Board of Dental...

  10. Knighthoods of christ: Essays on the history of the crusades and the knights Templar

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fonnesberg-Schmidt, Iben

    2008-01-01

    Anmeldelse af Knighthoods of Christ: Essays on the History of the Crusades and the Knights Templar. Presented to Malcolm Barber, ed. Norman Housley (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007; pp. xxiii + 257. £55). Udgivelsesdato: 2008......Anmeldelse af Knighthoods of Christ: Essays on the History of the Crusades and the Knights Templar. Presented to Malcolm Barber, ed. Norman Housley (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007; pp. xxiii + 257. £55). Udgivelsesdato: 2008...

  11. Environmental Enrichment Reduces the Likelihood of Alopecia in Adult C57BL/6J Mice

    OpenAIRE

    Bechard, Allison; Meagher, Rebecca; Mason, Georgia

    2011-01-01

    Barbering (incessant grooming) is an abnormal behavior causing alopecia and commonly affects various strains of laboratory mice, including C57BL/6J. Barbering-induced alopecia is a potential symptom of brain impairment and can indicate a stressful environment. We compared alopecia prevalence and severity in mice housed in enriched or standard cages. Providing an enriched environment delayed the onset and reduced the prevalence and overall severity of alopecia in C57BL/6J mice. Husbandry metho...

  12. A Survey of African American Men in Chicago Barbershops: Implications for the Effectiveness of the Barbershop Model in the Health Promotion of African American Men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Nataka; Wright, Matara; Gipson, Jessica; Jordan, Greg; Harsh, Mohit; Reed, Daniel; Murray, Marcus; Keeter, Mary Kate; Murphy, Adam

    2016-08-01

    The barbershop has been used to target African American (AA) men across age groups for health screenings, health interventions, and for research. However, few studies explore the sociodemographic characteristics of barbers and their clients. Additionally, few have evaluated the client's relative comfort with receiving health information and screenings in barbershops and other non-clinical settings. Lastly, it is unknown whether barbers feel capable of influencing health-decision making of AA men. AA male clients and barbers completed a self-administered survey in barbershops in predominantly AA neighborhoods throughout Chicago, Illinois. We assessed sociodemographic characteristics and attitudes towards receiving physical and mental health education and screenings in barbershops and other settings. Barbers were also surveyed regarding their most and least common clients by age group and their perceived ability to influence the decision-making of AA males by age group. AAs surveyed in barbershops have similar rates of high school completion, poverty and unemployment as the AA residents of their neighborhood. AA males prefer to receive health education and screening in clinician offices followed by barbershops and churches. Barbers reported serving males age 18-39 years of age most frequently while men 50 years and older were the least served group. Overall, barbers did not believe they could influence the decision-making of AA men and in the best case scenario, only 33 % felt they could influence young men 18-29 years old. Barbershops reach AA men that are representative of the demographics of the neighborhood where the barbershop is located. Barbers reach a small population of men over age 49 and feel incapable of influencing the decisions of AAs over age 39. Further studies are needed to assess other locales for accessing older AA men and to evaluate the feasibility of mental health interventions and screenings within the barbershop. PMID:26831485

  13. Dental writings in a medical self-help book of 1650.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ring, Malvin E

    2004-11-01

    Only one copy exists of the very first medical self-help book written in the Yiddish language. The author, a well respected. barber-surgeon in Prague, states that he wrote the book for those too poor to consult a physician. Physicians were not as knowledgable or experienced as the barber-surgeons who were the principal providers of medical care for the masses. The book follows the format of discussing illnesses from head to toe, and includes numerous prescriptions for toothache, loose teeth, foul mouth and sore tongue. We derive an interesting picture of what dental treatment was like in the mid-seventeenth century. PMID:15666502

  14. Comparison of Analytical Predictions and Experimental Results for a Dual Brayton Power System (Discussion on Test Hardware and Computer Model for a Dual Brayton System)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Paul K.

    2007-01-01

    NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) contracted Barber-Nichols, Arvada, CO to construct a dual Brayton power conversion system for use as a hardware proof of concept and to validate results from a computational code known as the Closed Cycle System Simulation (CCSS). Initial checkout tests were performed at Barber- Nichols to ready the system for delivery to GRC. This presentation describes the system hardware components and lists the types of checkout tests performed along with a couple issues encountered while conducting the tests. A description of the CCSS model is also presented. The checkout tests did not focus on generating data, therefore, no test data or model analyses are presented.

  15. Comparison of Analytical Predictions and Experimental Results for a Dual Brayton Power System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Paul

    2007-01-01

    NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) contracted Barber- Nichols, Arvada, CO to construct a dual Brayton power conversion system for use as a hardware proof of concept and to validate results from a computational code known as the Closed Cycle System Simulation (CCSS). Initial checkout tests were performed at Barber- Nichols to ready the system for delivery to GRC. This presentation describes the system hardware components and lists the types of checkout tests performed along with a couple issues encountered while conducting the tests. A description of the CCSS model is also presented. The checkout tests did not focus on generating data, therefore, no test data or model analyses are presented.

  16. Salud/Servicios Personales. Libro del Profesor. (Health/Personal Services. Teacher's Guide). B2. CHOICE (Challenging Options in Career Education).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mid-Hudson Migrant Education Center, New Paltz, NY.

    Written in Spanish, the guide comprises the first grade unit of a career education curriculum developed for migrant students. The guide covers 12 health and personal service occupations--blacksmith, television repairer, hairdresser/barber, day care worker, waitress, gas station attendant, family doctor, ambulance driver/attendant, dietician,…

  17. Youth at Risk and the Family: Perspectives on Behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Douglas C.; Oles, Gordon

    1993-01-01

    This literature review addresses determinants of low behavior control in parenting adolescents at risk. The Barber and Belsky models are used to discuss parent developmental history, parent maturity, parent mental health, socioeconomic status, sources of stress (parent involvement, marital conflict, and job satisfaction), and child…

  18. 77 FR 60450 - Senior Executive Service Performance Review Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-03

    .... Andrews, John Armstrong, Charles R. Athmann, Ronald Barber, Delores Baroukh, Nader Barrett, Lawerence.... Dolan, Mark E. Dorko, Jeffrey J. Duong, Anh Durham, Debra Edge, Peter T. Edwards, Eric L. Elias, Richard..., Matthew L. Kruger, Mary Kubiak, Lev J. Langlois, Joseph E. Lederer, Calvin M. Legomsky, Stephen H....

  19. Arhitektuuriuudised / Karen Jagodin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jagodin, Karen, 1982-

    2006-01-01

    Mario Garzaniti korrusmaja Brüsselis, Ryue Nishizawa kortermaja Tokyos, Hamburgi arhitektuuribüroo Blauraum loomingust, Michael P. Johnsoni eramu Phoenixis, jaapani arhitekti Kei'ichi Irie ja Power Unit Studio loodud monoliitbetoonist eramu Chita linnas, hollandi arhitektuuribüroo OMA loomingust, inglise büroo Peter Barber Architects lahendus Londoni ühe eeslinna kvartalile

  20. The Role of the CEO, Executive Team, and Workforce Metrics of a Small University in the U.S.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Pei-Chih; Lau, Yuet Hung Camilla; Hung, Huang-Chia; Wei, Fang-Chun

    2012-01-01

    The Role of the CEO, Executive Team, and Workforce Metrics of a small University in the U.S. is not just a question of academic standards. The 21st century requirements of education involve a wider set of attributes, equipping the young with social and organizational skills to cope with adult life inside and outside the workplace (Barber, 2001).…

  1. Can We Teach Civic Education and Service-Learning in a World of Privatization, Inequality, and Interdependence?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barber, Benjamin R.

    2012-01-01

    This essay is an excerpt from a keynote speech delivered by Benjamin Barber at the 2nd Annual Summer Research Institute on the "Future of Community Engagement in Higher Education." The speech focuses on six conditions that will impact community service-learning and voluntarism efforts in the years ahead: the ideology of neo-liberalism and…

  2. Mindfulness Promotes Educators' Efficacy in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abenavoli, Rachel M.; Harris, Alexis R.; Katz, Deirdre A.; Jennings, Patricia A.; Greenberg, Mark T.

    2014-01-01

    Teachers are responsible for delivering academic instruction, facilitating student learning and engagement, and managing classroom behavior. Stress may interfere with performance in the classroom, however (Tsouloupas, Carson, Matthews, Grawitch, & Barber, 2010), and recent studies suggest that stress is quite common among today's educators. In…

  3. Thirty Unforgettable Chinese Films

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    The film portrays in a realistic mode to the life some ordinary people living at the bottom of society including prostitutes, singing girls, trumpeter,newspaper pedlars, barbers and news-stand owners, depicting their bitter life and miserable fate. It shows profound humanistic solicitude.

  4. Development of a Barbershop-Based Cancer Communication Intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holt, Cheryl L.; Wynn, Theresa A.; Lewis, Ivey; Litaker, Mark S.; Jeames, Sanford; Huckaby, Francine; Stroud, Leonardo; Southward, Penny L.; Simons, Virgil; Lee, Crystal; Ross, Louis; Mitchell, Theodies

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: Prostate and colorectal cancer (CRC) rates are disproportionately high among African-American men. The purpose of this paper is to describe the development of an intervention in which barbers were trained to educate clients about early detection for prostate and CRC. Design/methodology/approach: Working with an advisory panel of local…

  5. 77 FR 41337 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Delaware; Control Technique...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-13

    ... quality standard (NAAQS) for ozone. This action is being taken under the Clean Air Act (CAA). DATES... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Delaware; Control..., office, institutional, laboratory, hospital, public building, restaurant, barber and beauty shop,...

  6. ESOL Workplace Photos and Lesson Plans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zavez, Joan; And Others

    This teaching guide contains nine lesson plans for teaching job-related English for speakers of other languages (ESOL) to employees at Barber Foods in Maine. The lessons cover the following topics: (1) rotation directions; (2) protective clothing (level 2 and level 2/3); (3) talking to supervisors; (4) accident prevention; (5) machinery…

  7. Political Education in/as the Practice of Freedom: A Paradoxical Defence from the Perspective of Michael Oakeshott

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engel, Stephen M.

    2007-01-01

    Creating education systems that promote democratic sustainability has been the concern of political thinkers as diverse as J. S. Mill, Dewey, Benjamin Barber and Derek Bok. The classic dichotomisation of democratic theory between deliberative democrats and Schumpeterian democrats suggests that education in the service of democracy can be…

  8. YouTube and Academic Libraries: Building a Digital Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Allan

    2013-01-01

    Although still a relatively new technology with less than 10 years of history, YouTube's extensive reach and integration in mainstream society as well as lifelong learning habits of online users cannot be understated. This article examines how the YouTube collection at the University of British Columbia Library's Irving K. Barber Learning Centre…

  9. Discovery of a living fossil: a new xylastodorine species from New Caledonia (Heteroptera: Thaumastocoridae) and first record of the subfamily from the eastern Hemisphere

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Doesburg, van P.H.; Cassis, G.; Monteith, G.B.

    2010-01-01

    A new species belonging to the genus Proxylastodoris Heiss & Popov, 2002, P. kuscheli spec. nov., of the subfamily Xylastodorinae Barber, 1920 (Heteroptera: Thaumastocoridae) is described from New Caledonia. It is the first recent record outside the western Hemisphere of the Xyalstodorinae and is th

  10. Directory of Postsecondary Schools with Occupational Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kay, Evelyn R.

    This directory of schools which provide occupational training lists public and private schools which offer programs in preparation for a specific career. The types of listings include schools classified as vocational/technical, business/commercial, cosmetology/barber, flight, arts/design, hospital, and allied health; technical institutes,…

  11. Job Demand in the Cosmetology Industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudner, Lawrence M.; Deutermann, William V., Jr.

    In order to determine job demand in the cosmetology industry, a survey was made of a nationally representative stratified random sample of 1,454 beauty salons, barber shops, and unisex salons in July 1991. Salon owners were asked about 1990 and their plans for the future. Survey results were supplemented with information about the industry…

  12. Wine consumers’ environmental knowledge and attitudes: Influence on willingness to purchase

    OpenAIRE

    Nelson Barber; Christopher Taylor; Sandy Strick

    2009-01-01

    Nelson Barber1, Christopher Taylor2, Sandy Strick31College of Human Sciences, Box 41240 Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA; 2School of Business, Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, NM, USA; 3School of Hotel, Restaurant, and Tourism Management, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USAAbstract: The last two decades have witnessed a dramatic increase in environmental consciousness worldwide. Consumers are now changing their behavior to integrate environmental considerations into...

  13. Energy conversion/power plant cost-cutting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nichols, K.

    1996-12-31

    This presentation by Kenneth Nichols, Barber-Nichols, Inc., is about cost-cutting in the energy conversion phase and power plant phase of geothermal energy production. Mr. Nichols discusses several ways in which improvements could be made, including: use of more efficient compressors and other equipment as they become available, anticipating reservoir resource decline and planning for it, running smaller binary systems independent of human operators, and designing plants so that they are relatively maintenance-free.

  14. Engineering, Manufacture and Preliminary Testing of the ITER Toroidal Field (TF) Magnet Helium Cold Circulator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rista, P. E. C.; Shull, J.; Sargent, S.

    2015-12-01

    The ITER cryodistribution system provides the supercritical Helium (SHe) forced flow cooling to the magnet system using cold circulators. The cold circulators are located in each of five separate auxiliary cold boxes planned for use in the facility. Barber-Nichols Inc. has been awarded a contract from ITER-India for engineering, manufacture and testing of the Toroidal Field (TF) Magnet Helium Cold Circulator. The cold circulator will be extensively tested at Barber-Nichols’ facility prior to delivery for qualification testing at the Japan Atomic Energy Agency's (JAEA) test facility at Naka, Japan. The TF Cold Circulator integrates features and technical requirements which Barber-Nichols has utilized when supplying helium cold circulators worldwide over a period of 35 years. Features include a vacuum-jacketed hermetically sealed design with a very low helium leak rate, a heat shield for use with both nitrogen & helium cold sources, a broad operating range with a guaranteed isentropic efficiency over 70%, and impeller design features for high efficiency. The cold circulator will be designed to meet MTBM of 17,500 hours and MTBF of 36,000 hours. Vibration and speed monitoring are integrated into a compact package on the rotating assembly with operation and health monitoring in a multi-drop PROFIBUS communication environment using an electrical cabinet with critical features and full local and network PLC interface and control. For the testing in Japan and eventual installation in Europe, the cold circulator must be certified to the Japanese High Pressure Gas Safety Act (JHPGSA) and CE marked in compliance with the European Pressure Equipment Directive (PED) including Essential Safety Requirements (ESR). The test methodology utilized at Barber-Nichols’ facility and the resulting test data, validating the high efficiency of the TF Cold Circulator across a broad operating range, are important features of this paper.

  15. The 8.2 ka cooling event related to extensive melting of the Greenland Ice Sheet

    OpenAIRE

    H. Ebbesen; Kuijpers, A.; Moros, M.; Lloyd, J.; M.-S. Seidenkrantz; S. Troelstra

    2008-01-01

    The North Atlantic cooling event at 8200 calibrated (cal) yr BP has been attributed to effects of an extensive freshwater discharge from the Hudson Strait (Barber et al., 1999; Leverington et al., 2002). Here we present sedimentary records from 5 cores collected from the Greenland shelf. These document high magnetic susceptibility (MS) values related to massive silt deposition, which is ascribed to large-scale melt water outflow from the Greenland Ice Sheet (GIS) spanning the centuries before...

  16. The genome and developmental transcriptome of the strongylid nematode Haemonchus contortus

    OpenAIRE

    Schwarz, Erich M; Korhonen, Pasi K.; Campbell, Bronwyn E.; Young, Neil D.; Jex, Aaron R.; Jabbar, Abdul; Hall, Ross S.; Mondal, Alinda; Howe, Adina C; Pell, Jason; Hofmann, Andreas; Boag, Peter R.; Zhu, Xing-Quan; Gregory, T Ryan; Loukas, Alex

    2013-01-01

    Background: The barber's pole worm, Haemonchus contortus, is one of the most economically important parasites of small ruminants worldwide. Although this parasite can be controlled using anthelmintic drugs, resistance against most drugs in common use has become a widespread problem. We provide a draft of the genome and the transcriptomes of all key developmental stages of H. contortus to support biological and biotechnological research areas of this and related parasites. Results: The draf...

  17. Parental authority styles in adolescent-parent relationships

    OpenAIRE

    Kuhar, Metka

    2010-01-01

    "Die Studie konfrontiert eine adaptierte Version der Family Communication Patterns (FCP) nach Ritchie/Fitzpatrick (1990) mit einer ebenfalls adaptierten Version der Psychological Control Scale nach Barber (1996). Die Analyse basiert auf einer Stichprobe von 194 Personen, erstgeborene slowenische Jugendliche und deren Eltern. Die Ergebnisse aus der Kombination von Variablen der beiden theoretisch-empirischen Kontexte verweisen auf die Bedeutung des Konzepts der elterlichen Autorität und insbes...

  18. Environmental attitudes towards wine tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Christopher Taylor; Nelson Barber; Cynthia Deale

    2010-01-01

    Christopher Taylor1, Nelson Barber2, Cynthia Deale31School of Business, Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, Roosevelt County, NM, USA; 2Whittemore School of Business, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH, USA; 3Department of Hospitality Management, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC , USAAbstract: Wine tourism marketers frequently seek new ways to promote destinations, often executing ecologically sustainable practices. As consumer environmental knowledge of a wine tourism desti...

  19. Phenolic compounds as markers for the botanical origin of unifloral honeys from Castanea sativa flowers

    OpenAIRE

    Barros, Lillian; Dueñas, Montserrat; Carvalho, Ana Maria; Santos-Buelga, Celestino; Isabel C. F. R. Ferreira

    2012-01-01

    The determination of the plant origin for honey and other bee products is of great interest. One of the procedures used to determine the floral origin is pollen analysis, but nowadays other analytical methods that could complement that approach are also available. In this perspective there have been many studies that correlate plant source with the presence of certain compounds (Soler et al., 1995; Tomás-Barberán et al., 2001). Recent studies have revealed that the analysis of ...

  20. Revision of the genus Tibraca Stål (Heteroptera, Pentatomidae, Pentatominae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Marin Fernandes

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available The genus Tibraca Stål, 1860 is revised, and some taxonomic changes are introduced. The following species are considered to belong in this genus: Tibraca limbaliventris Stål, 1860, T. similima Barber, 1941, and T. exigua sp.n. (from Argentina. Three other species, formerly placed in Tibraca, are considered respectively: T. obscurata Bergroth, 1914, incertae sedis; Mecocephala fusca (Haglund, 1868, comb.n.; Ogmocoris hypomelas (Burmeister, 1835. The genus Ogmocoris Mayr, 1864 is reinstated.

  1. TIME PERSPECTIVE AND SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS: A LINK TO SOCIOECONOMIC DISPARITIES IN HEALTH?

    OpenAIRE

    Ward, M M; Guthrie, Lori C.; Butler, Stephen C

    2009-01-01

    Time perspective is a measure of the degree to which one’s thinking is motivated by considerations of the future, present, or past. Time perspective has been proposed as a potential mediator of socioeconomic disparities in health because it has been associated with health behaviors and is presumed to vary with socioeconomic status. In this cross-sectional community-based survey of respondents recruited from hair salons and barber shops in a suburb of Washington DC, we examined the association...

  2. Evaluation of Knowledge and Practice of Hairdressers in Women’s Beauty Salons in Isfahan About Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, and AIDS in 2010 and 2011

    OpenAIRE

    Ataei, Behrooz; Shirani, Kiana; Alavian, Seyed Moayed; Ataie, Mehdi

    2013-01-01

    Background Blood-borne viruses such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have some common epidemiological characteristics, and have infected millions of people throughout the world. Patients infected by acute hepatitis or HIV infections may not be aware of the disease, and thereby cause transmission to others. During haircut, shave, or pedicure, barbers may accidentally expose to their clients’ blood, transmit their own infection to them, or transmit the infecti...

  3. Ronaldo’s Ancient Hairdo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    EYES on a soccer pitch are irresistibly drawn to Ronaldo, and his goal-scoring prowess, but his protean haircuts also score a hit with the fans. His latest inverted Mohican haircut, which made its debut in the FIFA World Cup, soon became widely sported by soccer aficionados. One Brazilian barber said that he had given over 50 customers the "Ronaldo cut" since the World Cup.

  4. Sampling efficiency of pitfall traps and Winkler extractor for inventory of harvestmen (Arachnida: Opilionidae)

    OpenAIRE

    Rodica Plăiaşu; Raluca Ioana Băncilă

    2009-01-01

    Most soil and leaf litter invertebrates lack efficient inventory methods. We evaluated the efficiency of the pitfall traps (or Barber method) and Winkler extractor (or Winkler method) in a beech forest on limestone in southwestern Romania using harvestmen (Arachnida: Opilionidae) as target group. The aim was to test if the relative abundance, species richness and species composition differ between the two methods. The harvestmen relative abundance and species richness were different when asse...

  5. Commentaries of International Experts on the Report Medium-Term Development of Education and Socialization in the Russian Federation

    OpenAIRE

    103-111,

    2012-01-01

    Michael Barber, Professor, Chief Adviser to the Secretary of State for Education on School Standards (1997-2001), chief education advisor at Pearson, leading Pearsons worldwide programme of research into education policy and the impact of its products and services on learner outcomes, London, UK. Email: Address: Institute for Public Policy Research, 4th Floor, 14 Buckingham Street, London WC2N 6DF, UK.Martin Carnoy, Professor of education and economics at Stanford Unive...

  6. Validation of a Scale of Interaction in Virtual Learning Environments

    OpenAIRE

    Rebeca Berridi Ramírez; José Ignacio Martínez Guerrero; Benilde García Cabrero

    2014-01-01

    Various studies have pointed to the importance of interaction between the actors (teacher-student) in virtual learning environments. In this paper our objective is to evaluate the dimensions of interaction of distance-learning students in virtual learning environments. A Scale of Interaction in Virtual Learning Environments was constructed, based on Barberà, Badia and Monimó’s (2001) interaction typology. Assessment by expert judges was used to improve content validity. Subsequently the scale...

  7. An Avalanche Is Coming. Higher Education and the Revolution Ahead

    OpenAIRE

    Katelyn Donnelly; Saad Rizvi; Michael Barber

    2013-01-01

    Michael Barber, Professor, Chief Adviser to the Secretary of State for Education on School Standards (1997-2001), chief education advisor at Pearson, leading Pearsons worldwide programme of research into education policy and the impact of its products and services on learner outcomes, London, UK. Email: Address: Institute for Public Policy Research, 4th Floor, 14 Buckingham Street, London WC2N 6DF, UK.Katelyn Donnelly, executive director at Pearson where she leads the A...

  8. 76 FR 70667 - Small Business Size Standards: Educational Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-15

    ... inflation adjustment to size standards was published in the Federal Register on July 18, 2008 (73 FR 41237... varying receipts based size standards (see 69 FR 13130 (March 4, 2004) and 57 FR 62515 (December 31, 1992... $10.0 611511--Cosmetology and Barber 0.8 6.4 11.7 35.0 0.546 5.0 7.0 Schools 5.0 5.0 $5.0...

  9. Comparison of risk factors for hepatitis b and c in patients visiting a gastroenterology clinic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To find out and compare the risk factors for hepatitis Band C infections in patients visiting a gastroenterology clinic. Design: A case-control study. Place and Duration of Study: The Liver Stomach Clinic, Karachi, from July 2004 to September 2004. Patients and Methods: Patients of hepatitis Band C visiting the clinic were interviewed and data were noted on a prescribed form. Patients with dyspeptic symptoms who were negative for both hepatitis Band C were taken as controls. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS package. Results: Total numbers of patients interviewed were 148; 63 with hepatitis C, 41 with hepatitis B and 44 in the control group. These patients hailed from various parts of Pakistan with diverse ethnicity. Comparing hepatitis C with the control group, important risk factors identified were lower level of education, the occupational exposure to the blood and syringes, history of blood transfusions, taking therapeutic injections and intravenous drips, and habit of getting shaved by barbers. Patients of hepatitis B were younger as compared to the control group. Their knowledge about spread of infection was poor. These patients had not received hepatitis B vaccine during childhood. Less number of risk factors could be identified in this group, Shaving from the barber's shop was also found to be a risk factor just like in hepatitis C. Conclusion: There is a need to educate general population about the possible risk factors associated with the spread of hepatitis C and B. Proper screening of blood products and universal precautions against the spread of infections are recommended. Treatment by in drips and getting shaved by barbers should be discouraged. Vaccination against hepatitis B is recommended. (author)

  10. Detection of Hepatitis B Virus in Used Razor Blades by PCR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakan Leblebicioglu

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: Hepatitis B virus (HBV infection ranks among the most devastating health problems in the world. The most probable transmission routes of HBV are blood contact, sexual, and horizontal transfer. Other sources of HBV transmission are razor sharing, beauty treatments, tattooing, piercing, and manicures and other chiropody treatments. Many infections have been reported in South-East Asia, where barbers commonly share and reuse razors. Detection of HBV DNA in contaminated devices such as razor blades is important in the demonstration of transmission routes and indirect estimation of HBV prevalence in specific subpopulations such as barbershop clientele. Therefore, we aimed to detect the presence of HBV contamination on razor blades by nucleic acid testing.Methods: Used razor blades (n = 151 were purchased from different barber's shops. Used razor blades purchased from chronic HBV patients (n = 8 were included as a positive control. The amplification and detection of HBV DNA was carried out by a semi-nested PCR method in a thermal cycler.Results: The presence of HBV DNA was found in 10 (6.6% used razor-blade samples by the detection of a specific positive band with agarose gel electrophoresis.Conclusions: In conclusion, used razor blades may be contaminated with HBV, and the practice of sharing used razor blades may pose a risk of transmission. Nucleic acid detection methods involving PCR can be used to detect HBV contamination of razor blades. HBV control and prevention programs should educate barbers about the importance of contagious diseases, proper sterilization techniques, and avoiding reuse and sharing of contaminated equipment and supplies such as razor blades. As an infection control measure, prohibition of razor reuse can reduce the spread of HBV infection in rural areas, where the practice is often common at barbershops.

  11. The invariant polarisation-tensor field for deuterons in storage rings and the Bloch equation for the polarisation-tensor density

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    I extend and update earlier work, summarised in an earlier paper (D.P. Barber, M. Voigt, AIP Conference Proceedings 1149 (28)), whereby the invariant polarisation-tensor field (ITF) for deuterons in storage rings was introduced to complement the invariant spin field (ISF). Taken together, the ITF and the ISF provide a definition of the equilibrium spin density-matrix field which, in turn, offers a clean framework for describing equilibrium spin-1 ensembles in storage rings. I show how to construct the ITF by stroboscopic averaging, I give examples, I discuss adiabatic invariance and I introduce a formalism for describing the effect of noise and damping.

  12. Bio-edafology of the Coleoptera order, in three Colombia Natural Regions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The characterization of Coleoptera families is showed to three different Colombian Natural Regions. This is given in relation with biological and environmental factors, different vegetation covers and soil uses. In addition to it, susceptible Coleoptera taxa are determined when natural conditions are disturbed. Methodically, a literature subject research was made, and Barber and Berlesse traps were used to organism extractions from superficial and under superficial soil. Horizons diversity, riches and constancy index were determined to each family. Results show different diversity, riches and constancy values to each family, as much in each natural region, such as to each soil use

  13. Noticias del Archivo del Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales

    OpenAIRE

    Velasco Pérez, M. Carmen

    2009-01-01

    El día 3 de febrero se celebró en la sala de lectura del Servicio de Documentación del MNCN una conferencia sobre “el Parque Cultural de la Valltorta: un proyecto museográfico”. El conferenciante, José Guillermo Morote Barberá, Director Técnico Conservador del Parque, autor de numerosas publicaciones sobre arqueología, especialmente sobre arte rupestre, expuso el proyecto de realizar un Museo abierto en las 22.000 Ha. que agrupa el Parque.

  14. Aixecament, rehabilitació i canvi d'ús a allotjament rural del magatzem agrícola de "Cal Fèlix"

    OpenAIRE

    Marín Cerón, Marc

    2010-01-01

    El present Projecte Final de Carrera (PFC) té per objecte desenvolupar el projecte tècnic de rehabilitació i canvi d’ús a allotjament rural, del magatzem agrícola de “Cal Fèlix”. El magatzem està situat al municipi de Forès, a la comarca de la Conca de Barberà, província de Tarragona. Al llarg dels anys s’hi han realitzat puntualment diferents intervencions. Tot i havent estat rehabilitat, presenta algunes lesions. Els elements afectats es reforçaran o es substituiran segons el di...

  15. Distinguished figures in the development of dental care in Croatian littoral and the foundation of a Dentist Association in Rijeka

    OpenAIRE

    Rotschild, Vlasta

    2009-01-01

    Until the early 19th century, dental illnesses in the Croatian Littoral were treated by barbers and quacks. Mid 19th century saw the first seasonal dentists come from Vienna, Graz, and Trieste, and the first local dentists started to work full-time in the second half of the 19th century. Dr Frano Dabrović, Dr Niko Gjivović, Dr Dezider Dalma, and Dr Edmund Krausz were the first promoters of the profession, research, and education in dental hygiene of the local population. To further improve th...

  16. Desarrollo del nuevo karat Starter Kit

    OpenAIRE

    Ming Martínez, Carlos

    2012-01-01

    El proyecto se desarrolla en el marco de un convenio entre la UAB y la empresa UNIT4 en las oficinas de UNIT4 Ibérica en Barberà del Vallès. El objetivo del proyecto es crear una nueva herramienta, denominada karat Starter Kit Reloaded, que sirva de autoformación y demostración de la plataforma de desarrollo propia utilizada en la empresa (karat) reforzando los puntos débiles de la anterior y manteniendo los puntos fuertes de los que ya disponía.

  17. From the Editor-Editörden

    OpenAIRE

    Ozturk, Cemil

    2014-01-01

    Şehnaz Yalçın Wells “Active Art Education in a University Museum The Example of the Barber Institute”, Hıdır Karaduman ve Cemil Öztürk, “The Effects of Activities for Digital Citizenship on Students’ Attitudes toward Digital Citizenship and their Reflections on Students’ Understanding about Digital Citizenship”. These are high quality studies, which will enrich the wider literature in this area. Before I end I would like to thank everyone who contributed to the production of this iss...

  18. Psychosemantic Approach to Art (on a Material of Cinema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viktor F. Petrenko

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses an application of psychosemantic methods for the analysis of viewer understanding. As an example, the movie “Sibirskiy Tsiryulnik” (“The Barber of Siberia”, directed by a famous politician N. mikhalkov is taken, where Russian and American mentalities are juxtaposed. Basing on the works by m. Bakhtin and G. Kelly the concept of “art construct” is introduced. For the construction of semantic spaces of film perception the method of attribution of motives to film characters’ deeds was elaborated and used with the G. Kelly’s triadic method, followed by factor analysis

  19. Introduciendo la perspectiva de género en la investigación psicológica sobre violencia de género

    OpenAIRE

    Ferrer Pérez, Victoria A.; Bosch Fiol, Esperanza

    2005-01-01

    La psicología tradicional se ha considerado a sí misma como una ciencia neutral, objetiva e independiente. Sin embargo, hoy en día son muchas las voces que cuestionan esta objetividad e independencia y que proponen soluciones alternativas al androcentrismo tradicional. Estas soluciones incluyen, por ejemplo, modificaciones metodológicas (en lasmuestras, en los instrumentos de medida, etc.) (Barberá, 1998; Hyde, 1995), y, en definitiva, la inclusión de la perspectiva de género en la invest...

  20. Surfactant Formulations to Enhance Triclopyr Amine Efficacy: Effects on Adhesion, Retention and Contact Phytotoxicity On three Hardwood Species

    OpenAIRE

    Forster, W. Alison

    1998-01-01

    Loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L) is the leading Southern (USA) pine, in terms of acres planted (Fortson et al.,1996). Since commercial forest acreage is predicted to remain fairly constant over the next 50 years, productivity must be increased if the South is going to meet a larger share of the nationà ­s timber supply needs (Gjerstad and Barber, 1987). Hardwoods have been shown to have a consistent negative growth impact on pines, and uncontrolled hardwoods continue to compete aggressivel...

  1. Impact of tropical cyclone on biogeochemistry of the central Arabian Sea

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Naik, H.; Naqvi, S.W.A.; Suresh, T.; Narvekar, P.V.

    ] and the Arabian Sea [Subrahmanyam et al., 2002] as also from other oceanic areas [e.g., Lin et al., 2003; Babin et al., 2004]. However, with few exceptions [e.g., Fogel et al., 1999], these reports have been based on satellite-derived ocean color and temperature... blooms of phytoplankton in the Arabian Sea as observed by the coastal zone color scanner, Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 34, 201–211, doi:10.3354/meps034201. Barber, R. T., J. Marra, R. C. Bidigare, L. A. Codispoti, D. Halpern, Z. Johnson, M. Latasa, R. Goericke...

  2. The invariant polarisation-tensor field for deuterons in storage rings and the Bloch equation for the polarisation-tensor density

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barber, D.P.

    2015-10-15

    I extend and update earlier work, summarised in an earlier paper (D.P. Barber, M. Voigt, AIP Conference Proceedings 1149 (28)), whereby the invariant polarisation-tensor field (ITF) for deuterons in storage rings was introduced to complement the invariant spin field (ISF). Taken together, the ITF and the ISF provide a definition of the equilibrium spin density-matrix field which, in turn, offers a clean framework for describing equilibrium spin-1 ensembles in storage rings. I show how to construct the ITF by stroboscopic averaging, I give examples, I discuss adiabatic invariance and I introduce a formalism for describing the effect of noise and damping.

  3. Bibliographie

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Barber B. (éd.) (1970), L. J. Henderson on the Social System. Selected Writings, University of Chicago Press. Barnard C. (1938), The Functions of the Executive, Harvard University Press. Blumer H. (1947), « Sociological Theory in Industrial Relations », American Sociological Review, vol. 12, 1947, p. 271-278. Caplow T. (1954), The Sociology of Work, Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press. Chapoulie J.-M. (1991), « La seconde fondation de la sociologie française, les États-Unis et la class...

  4. NCG turbocompressor development program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nichols, K.E.

    1997-12-31

    Barber-Nichols, Pacific Gas and Electric and UNOCAL as an industry group applied for a DOE grant under the GTO to develop a new type of compressor that could be used to extract non-condensable gas (NCG) from the condensers of geothermal power plants. This grant (DE-FG07-951A13391) was awarded on September 20, 1995. The installation and startup of the turbocompressor at the PG&E Geysers Unit 11 is covered by this paper. The turbocompressor has operated several days at 17000rpm while the plant was producing 50 to 70 MW.

  5. TWO TYPES OF GALACTOSYLATED FUCOSE MOTIFS ARE PRESENT ON N-GLYCANS OF HAEMONCHUS CONTORTUS

    OpenAIRE

    Paschinger, Katharina; Wilson, Iain B. H.

    2015-01-01

    N-glycans from the nematode Haemonchus contortus (barber pole worm), a parasite of sheep and cattle, were the first to be described to possess up to three fucose residues associated with the N,N’-diacetylchitobiosyl core, two being on the reducing-terminal proximal GlcNAc and one on the distal core GlcNAc residue. The assumption was that truncated glycans from this organism with three hexose residues have the composition Man3GlcNAc2Fuc1-3. In this study we have performed HPLC and MALDI-TOF MS...

  6. Liquid helium centrifugal pump characteristics from 80 g/s to 1200 g/s

    CERN Document Server

    Pengo, R; Junker, S

    2010-01-01

    The large amount of data collected from three different centrifugal liquid helium pumps tested, namely with 80, 600 and 1200 g/s nominal mass flow are reviewed. The data include the analysis of the characteristic curves, their total efficiencies, their Net Positive Suction Head (NPSH) and the slip factor. The 1200 g/s pumps tested are of the full emission type, with curved blades, whilst the other pumps have straight blades. The pumps were also tested at different rotary speeds. The pumps were manufactured by Barber \\& Nichols (Denver, USA). (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. English as she is spoke

    CERN Document Server

    de Fonseca, Jose

    2012-01-01

    In 1855, when Jose da Fonseca and Pedro Carolino wrote an English phrasebook for Portuguese students, they faced just one problem: they didn't know any English. Even worse, they didn't own an English-to-Portuguese dictionary. What they did have, though, was a Portuguese-to-French dictionary, and a French-to-English dictionary. The linguistic train wreck that ensued is a classic of unintentional humor, now revived in the first newly selected edition in a century. Armed with Fonseca and Carolino's guide, a Portuguese traveler can insult a barber (""What news tell me? All hairs dresser are newsmo

  8. Hepatitis C: frequency and risk factors associated with sero-positivity among adults in Larkana city

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Viral hepatitis is a major public health problem. Infection with Hepatitis C virus (HCV) leads to chronicity and there are about 170 million people infected with HCV. Up to 70% of chronically infected individuals develop active liver disease. The Objective of the study was to find out the frequency of Anti-HCV seropositivity and risk factors of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) transmission in people of Larkana city. The study was conducted at Larkana from April 2006 to April 2007. Camps were established in the main general practitioners' clinics. A questionnaire about knowledge of HCV and risk factors of its transmission was administered to subjects. Descriptive statistics were done by SPSS-10. Total 450 cases were enrolled into this study. They were divided into 3 age groups. Eighty-nine (19.8%) cases were in age group 40 years. There were 353 (78.4%) male and 97 (21.6%) female subjects, out of these 450 cases 30 (6.6%) were positive for Anti-HCV. A number of risk factors of HCV transmission were present in these cases. History of therapeutic injections was present in 72 cases and 35 cases used public barber services. History of therapeutic injections and use of barber services for shave were the most frequent risk factors in our study. (author)

  9. Determinants of condom use in female sex workers in Surabaya, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joesoef, M R; Kio, D; Linnan, M; Kamboji, A; Barakbah, Y; Idajadi, A

    2000-04-01

    In the developing world condom use among sex workers and their clients plays a dominant role in the transmission of HIV/STD. In Surabaya, Indonesia, data from the 1993 STD prevalence survey in female sex workers (brothels, street, massage parlours, barber shops, call-girl houses, and nightclubs) reveal that only 5% (33/692) of the brothel workers and 14% (25/177) of the street walkers had condoms in their possession at the time of the interview. During the last paid sexual intercourse, sex workers from the brothels, streets, and nightclubs used condoms infrequently (14%, 20%, and 25%, respectively). Sex workers from massage parlours, barber shops, and call girls were about 5 to 3 times more likely to use condoms than sex workers from nightclubs (adjusted odds ratio of 3.5, 4.9, and 4.2, respectively); thus condom promotion programmes should be targeted at sex workers at brothels, streets, and nightclubs. Programmes should include: (1) free distribution of condoms to sex establishments at the initial stage, and condom social marketing at later stages; (2) penalties, including legal sanctions, against any sex establishments that do not consistently use condoms; (3) participation of brothel owners and madams in encouraging sex workers to consistently have clients use condoms during sexual intercourse; and (4) establishment of sentinel surveillance to monitor STD/HIV and condom-use compliance. PMID:10772092

  10. Blood Borne Hepatitis at Hajj

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harunor Rashid

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available An pilgrims estimated 2.5 million Muslims from all over the world are expected to converge in Mecca, Saudi Arabia by the end of this December for Hajj pilgrimage. Overcrowding during the largest annual mass gathering of such enormous proportions inevitably increases exposure to and risk of a variety of infections, some with pandemic potential (1. Adopting simple measures and offering appropriate immunisations to the pilgrims can prevent many of these infections. Knowledge of the nature and extent of infections however is important to implement the effective protective measures.As part of the rites of Hajj, men shave their heads although trimming the hair is also acceptable; women cut a lock of their hair. Communal use of razors or blades carries the risk of blood borne infections such as Hepatitis B, hepatitis C or HIV(2. To minimise this risk the Saudi authorities require all barbers looking after the pilgrims to be licensed but many pilgrims use the services of opportunistic makeshift barbers or help by shaving each other, often reusing their razors at the risk of transmitting blood borne virus infections. Unlike the respiratory infections that have a short incubation, infection with blood borne viruses takes much longer to manifest or indeed may remain undetected for many years while it may progress to chronic liver disease.Studies on barbers have shown a high prevalence of carriage and disease among barbers. Extrapolating from various studies Memish et al. (2003 estimated that about 10% of the barbers are carriers of hepatitis C and 4% carry hepatitis B, over a tenth of whom are in active carrier stage (3. Many pilgrims will come from areas of the world with a high endemicity of blood borne infections such as hepatitis B and/or C. To our knowledge there have not been any studies to establish the exact incidence of viral hepatitis among the pilgrims. There is an urgent need to understand the true epidemiology and to measure the burden of

  11. Beauty and the body: the origins of cosmetics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanco-Dávila, F

    2000-03-01

    Ancient cultures were as preoccupied with the aesthetics of appearance as individuals are today. Dermabrasion for skin resurfacing has been performed with salt, pumice, ground grains, bone, and horn. Chemical peels have been performed with acids, metals, botanical extracts, or animal fats. Tattoos, ear piercing, makeup, skin treatments, and massages have existed for the past 5000 years. According to history, when the rise of more complex societies brought an ever-increasing demand for cosmesis, perfumers, cosmetologists, barbers, and gentlewomen became pioneers, undertaking and developing the cosmetic practices that had evolved through the ages. With the consolidation of medical specialties concerned with the management of skin care, the scientific method has been applied to adapt and perfect many of the procedures that had been carried out with only empirical knowledge. To have a better perspective from which to envision future technical and technological developments, plastic surgeons should be familiar with the origins of cosmetics and some cosmetology practices that society demands. PMID:10724281

  12. Hypnotherapy as an adjunct to narcotic analgesia for the treatment of pain for burn debridement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patterson, D R; Questad, K A; de Lateur, B J

    1989-01-01

    This paper presents a hypnotherapeutic intervention for controlling pain in severely burned patients while they go through dressing changes and wound debridement. The technique is based on Barber's (1977) Rapid Induction Analgesia (RIA) and involves hypnotizing patients in their rooms and having their nurses provide posthypnotic cues for analgesia during wound cleaning. Five subjects who underwent hypnotherapy showed reductions on their pain rating scores (Visual Analogue Scale) relative to their own baselines and to the pain curves of a historical control group (N = 8) matched for initial pain rating scores. Although the lack of randomized assignment to experimental and control groups limited the validity of the results, the findings provide encouraging preliminary evidence that RIA offers an efficient and effective method for controlling severe pain from burns. PMID:2563925

  13. Validation of a Scale of Interaction in Virtual Learning Environments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebeca Berridi Ramírez

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Various studies have pointed to the importance of interaction between the actors (teacher-student in virtual learning environments. In this paper our objective is to evaluate the dimensions of interaction of distance-learning students in virtual learning environments. A Scale of Interaction in Virtual Learning Environments was constructed, based on Barberà, Badia and Monimó’s (2001 interaction typology. Assessment by expert judges was used to improve content validity. Subsequently the scale was applied to a sample of distance-learning high school students in order to identify psychometric properties. The scale had a reliability coefficient of .93 and the following factorial structure: Factor I Learning support interactions with the advisor; Factor II Interactions with the virtual environment learning materials; and Factor III Dialogic interaction with peers. This measurement model was evaluated by means of CFA, which demonstrated adequate goodness-of-fit indices.

  14. Spin gymnastics at HERA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barber, Desmond; Gianfelice-Wendt, Eliana [DESY Laboratory (Germany); Berglund, Mari [DelftChemTech (Netherlands)

    2003-07-01

    The HERA machine at the DESY laboratory in Hamburg is unique among particle accelerators. This is because it collides electrons (or positrons) with protons at high energies. This allows physicists to study the structure of the proton at very short length scales. And when the accelerator starts running again this month, after an 18-week shutdown, it will be able to explore the proton in even greater detail thanks to a new-found ability to study these high-energy collisions using longitudinally polarized positrons. In the July issue of Physics World Desmond Barber and Eliana Gianfelice-Wendt from the DESY laboratory in Germany and Mari Berglund from DelftChemTech in the Netherlands explain the advances in accelerator science and technology that have made this possible. (U.K.)

  15. Single-bubble sonoluminescence Shape stability analysis of collapse dynamics in a semianalytical approach

    CERN Document Server

    Bogoyavlenskiy, V A

    2000-01-01

    This paper theoretically analyzes the hydrodynamic shape stability problem for sonoluminescing bubbles. We present a semianalytical approach to describe the evolution of shape perturbations in the strongly nonlinear regime of violent collapse. The proposed approximation estimating the damping rate produced by liquid viscosity is used to elucidate the influence of the collapse phase on subsequent evolution of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability. We demonstrate that time derivatives of shape perturbations grow significantly as the bubble radius vanishes, forming the dominant contribution to destabilization during the ensuing bounce phase. By this effect the Rayleigh-Taylor instability can be enhanced drastically, yielding a viable explanation of the upper threshold of driving pressure experimentally observed by Barber et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1380 (1994)].

  16. Sampling efficiency of pitfall traps and Winkler extractor for inventory of harvestmen (Arachnida: Opilionidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodica Plăiaşu

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Most soil and leaf litter invertebrates lack efficient inventory methods. We evaluated the efficiency of the pitfall traps (or Barber method and Winkler extractor (or Winkler method in a beech forest on limestone in southwestern Romania using harvestmen (Arachnida: Opilionidae as target group. The aim was to test if the relative abundance, species richness and species composition differ between the two methods. The harvestmen relative abundance and species richness were different when assessed by the two sampling methods. Winkler extractor captured greater numbers of harvestmen than pitfall traps, whereas pitfall traps caught more harvestmen species. Harvestmen assemblages as determined by Winkler method were found to be more similar with natural harvestmen assemblages. If the aim of the study is to analyse the community patterns Winkler extractor could be more efficient then pitfall traps. Our study suggests that the choice of the sampling method should be applied depending on the type of the investigation.

  17. ‘Children and fools, they say, cannot lie’: un dicton tourné en plaisanterie dans Misogonus d’Anthony Rudd ‘Children and fools, they say, cannot lie’: a Proverb Turned Upside Down in Anthony Rudd’s Misogonus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pauline Blanc

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available In the play entitled Misogonus that is attributed to Anthony Rudd by one of its editors, Lester E. Barber, the Vice-character, Cacurgus, stands out as a virtuoso performer even though he merely demonstrates a moral lesson. The double-dealing servant of two masters, Cacurgus goes out of his way to prove the ill-founded premises of the saying “Children and fools, they say, cannot lie”. He deceives both of his masters, but remains loyal to his audience for whom he performs a highly entertaining play. The two aspects of his role are shown to be quite distinct as he intervenes on the outside and inside of two separate plots in which the twists and turns of a devious mind are displayed as being a series of disagreeable tricks played upon a group of malleable, credulous victims.

  18. Teacher training, capacity building and professional capital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Jens

    Contemporary reforms of basic schooling stand or fall with highly educated professional teachers. Teacher education of course is a key factor in this respect, but evidence also points to the fact that the world’s most improved school systems are getting better by the development of teacher capacity...... as a source of innovation in the teaching context and in co-operation with peers (Mourshed, Chijoke, & Barber, 2010). A clear trend can be observed in direction of paying still more attention to the processes in school reforms, i.e. to the quality of what actually happens in schools and class rooms and how...... this transition will be, however, depends on how well teacher education has prepared the student for the teaching profession and what experiences the beginning teacher has during his or her first year of practice at the school. The Scandinavian countries like other European countries (e.g. Germany) have over...

  19. Presidential leadership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goethals, George R

    2005-01-01

    This chapter reviews psychological theories of leadership and selected literature on the American presidency to highlight key psychological principles of presidential leadership. Psychological theories, framed by the principles of leadership outlined by Freud (1921), include those of Burns (1978, 2003) on transformational leadership, Bass (1997) and House & Shamir (1993) on charismatic and transformational leadership, Gardner (1995) on stories of identity, Hogg (2001, 2003) on social identity, and Tyler & Lind (1992) on procedural justice. The discussion of presidential scholarship considers work by Barber (1992) on presidential character, Simonton (1986, 1987) on presidential personality and success, Skowronek (1997) on reconstructive politics, and Winter (1987) on presidential motive profiles. These studies suggest that followers have high expectations for presidents and that successful presidential leadership depends on opportunity, high levels of activity, intelligence, optimistic resilience, and flexibility. PMID:15709946

  20. The Dispersal of High Risk Sexual Behaviors in Different Occupations of People Referred to Council Center of Shiraz Medical University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pezhman Bagheri

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: High risk sexual behaviors endanger young people and adolescents to HIV infection and other sexual diseases. The objective of this study was to assess the dispersal of high risk sexual behaviors in different in our referred patients to council center of Shiraz medical university.Materials and Method: This descriptive, cross sectional study was done between 2004-2009 years on referred people to council center of Shiraz medical university by census method.Results: Maximum prevalence of high risk sexual behaviors observed in women’s barber (36%, unemployed individuals (9.51% and painters (8.53%; and the maximum referred pepole observed in drivers (28.81%, unemployed individuals (22.93% and school students (14.15%.Conclusions: Totally, according to our results, we can conclude that media and health ministry must be looking for different socio-economic groups and occupations providing special training structure

  1. Eastern Pacific Ocean Conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    The promotion of interaction among investigators of all oceanographic disciplines studying the eastern Pacific Ocean was the goal of the 1990 Eastern Pacific Ocean Conference (EPOC), held October 17-19 on the snow-covered slopes of Mt. Hood, Oreg. Thirty oceanographers representing all disciplines attended.Dick Barber, Duke University Marine Lab, Beaufort, N.C., chaired a session on the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean, emphasizing issues related to biological activity. Steve Ramp of the Naval Postgraduate School in Montery, Calif., chaired a session on recent results from northern and central California experiments. On October 19, following an early morning earthquake, a business meeting and discussions regarding a collaboration in future experiments were held.

  2. Airborne ocean water lidar (OWL) real time processor (RTP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hryszko, M.

    1995-03-01

    The Hyperflo Real Time Processor (RTP) was developed by Pacific-Sierra Research Corporation as a part of the Naval Air Warfare Center's Ocean Water Lidar (OWL) system. The RTP was used for real time support of open ocean field tests at Barbers Point, Hawaii, in March 1993 (EMERALD I field test), and Jacksonville, Florida, in July 1994 (EMERALD I field test). This report describes the system configuration, and accomplishments associated with the preparation and execution of these exercises. This document is intended to supplement the overall test reports and provide insight into the development and use of the PTP. A secondary objective is to provide basic information on the capabilities, versatility and expandability of the Hyperflo RTP for possible future projects. It is assumed herein that the reader has knowledge of the OWL system, field test operations, general lidar processing methods, and basic computer architecture.

  3. Facilitators and barriers to hypertension self-management in urban African Americans: perspectives of patients and family members

    OpenAIRE

    Flynn SJ; Ameling JM; Hill-Briggs F; Wolff JL; Bone LR; Levine DM; Roter DL; Lewis-Boyer L; Fisher AR; Purnell L; Ephraim PL; Barbers J; Fitzpatrick SL; Albert MC; Cooper LA

    2013-01-01

    Sarah J Flynn,1,2 Jessica M Ameling,1,2 Felicia Hill-Briggs,1–3 Jennifer L Wolff,4,5 Lee R Bone,1,3 David M Levine,1,4 Debra L Roter,3 LaPricia Lewis-Boyer,1,2 Annette R Fisher,6 Leon Purnell,6 Patti L Ephraim,2,7 Jeffrey Barbers,1,2 Stephanie L Fitzpatrick,1,2 Michael C Albert,1,8 Lisa A Cooper,1,2 Peter J Fagan,9,10 Destiny Martin,1 Hema C Ramamurthi,1,2 L Ebony Boulware1,2,7 1Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA; 2Welch Center fo...

  4. Distribuição Geográfica e Dispersão Alti-latitudinal de Alguns Gêneros e Espécies da Tribo Triatomini Jeannel, 1919 (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galvão Cleber

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Geographical Distribution and Alti-latitudinal Dispersion of Some Genera and Species of the Tribe Triatomini Jeannel, 1919 (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae - With the currently known distribution of genera and species of the tribe Triatomini Jeannel, 1919, maps and diagrams were prepared, showing the geographical area occupied by the species and their respective dispersion in grades of latitude and altitude. Two genera are not treated: Panstrongylus Berg, 1879, already published and Triatoma Laporte, 1832, that is being published partially in several articles. Genus Eratyrus Stal, 1859, has two species, while Dipetalogaster Usinger, 1939, Mepraia Mazza, Gajardo & Joerg, 1940, Paratriatoma Barber, 1938 and recently created genus Hermanlentia Jurberg & Galvão, 1997, have only one each. The study of these maps and diagrams permits a better knowledge about some ecological requirements of Chagas' disease vectors and detects gaps in the geographical distribution, where the species were not found but probably they could be prevalent

  5. Spin gymnastics at HERA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The HERA machine at the DESY laboratory in Hamburg is unique among particle accelerators. This is because it collides electrons (or positrons) with protons at high energies. This allows physicists to study the structure of the proton at very short length scales. And when the accelerator starts running again this month, after an 18-week shutdown, it will be able to explore the proton in even greater detail thanks to a new-found ability to study these high-energy collisions using longitudinally polarized positrons. In the July issue of Physics World Desmond Barber and Eliana Gianfelice-Wendt from the DESY laboratory in Germany and Mari Berglund from DelftChemTech in the Netherlands explain the advances in accelerator science and technology that have made this possible. (U.K.)

  6. Further Observations Of A Decreasing Atmospheric Co2 Uptake Capacity In The Canada Basin (Arctic Ocean) Due To Sea Ice Loss

    OpenAIRE

    B. G. T. Else; Galley, R. J.; Lansard, B; Barber, D. G.; Brown, K; L.A. Miller; Mucci, A.; Papakyriakou, T.N.; Tremblay, J. E.; S. Rysgaard

    2013-01-01

    ISI Document Delivery No.: 148AY Times Cited: 1 Cited Reference Count: 34 Cited References: AMAP, 2011, SNOW WAT IC PERM ARC Anderson LG, 2010, DEEP-SEA RES PT I, V57, P869, DOI 10.1016/j.dsr.2010.03.012 Anderson LG, 2004, J GEOPHYS RES-OCEANS, V109, DOI [10.1029/2003JC002120, 10.1029/2003JC001773] Arrigo KR, 2008, GEOPHYS RES LETT, V35, DOI 10.1029/2008GL035028 Barber DG, 2009, GEOPHYS RES LETT, V36, DOI 10.1029/2009GL041434 Bates NR, 2006, GEOPHYS RES LETT, V33, DOI 10.1029/2006GL027028 Bat...

  7. Previously unobserved water lines detected in the post-impact spectrum of Comet Tempel 1

    CERN Document Server

    Barber, R J; Stallard, T S; Tennyson, J

    2006-01-01

    The recently puplished Barber-Tennyson (BT2) synthetic H$_2$O water line list is the most complete and accurate line list in existence. It is finding application in a wide range of astrophysical environments. UKIRT spectra of comet Tempel 1, obtained after the 'Deep Impact' event, revealed several known H$_2$O solar pumped fluorescent (SPF)lines in the 2.8945 to 2.8985 $\\mu$m region. In addition, using synthetic spectra produced with BT2, several emission lines were identified that had not previously been recorded in cometary spectra. Unlike the SPF lines, which are transitions from doubly-excited stretch states, these transitions, that we label 'SH', are from states with three or four quanta of vibrational excitation. The SH features were particularly strong during the period 20-40 minutes after impact.

  8. Evolution of Developmental Behaviour Paediatrics(DBP)In the Chinese Speaking Regions in Asia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈作耘

    2011-01-01

    @@ 1 DBP as a Subspecialty under Paediatrics and Child Health Developmental Paediatrics was established first in the United Kingdom in 1 950'S at the Newcomen Clinic at Guy's Hospital, London(Ronald MaeKeith,Mary Sheridan,Doro-thy Egan et al)who initiated the STYCAR series of tests forassessment of children,at the Wolfson Centre at the Institute of Child Heahh,London(Kenneth Hoh)and the Woodside Clinic(JH Barber)in Glasgow,Scotland and gradually de-veloped in Europe and North America with great success.Its main mission iS to promote child growth and development and to identify children with developmentsl deviants and delay via surveillance(screening),assessment and Rehabilitation.

  9. The application of simple mass spectrometers to planetary sub-surface sampling using penetrators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheridan, Simon; Morse, Andrew; Bardwell, Max; Barber, Simeon; Wright, Ian

    2010-05-01

    Ptolemy is an ion trap based gas-chromatograph isotope ratio mass spectrometer which is on-board the Rosetta Lander [Wright et al., 2006; Todd et al., 2007]. The instrument uses the principles of MODULUS (Methods of Determining and Understanding Light Elements From Unequivocal Stable Isotope Compositions [Pillinger and Wright, 1993], to enable results obtained in space to be interpreted directly in the context of terrestrial analyses of meteorites and returned samples. MODULUS typically involves use of a complex sample processing system to purify and separate individual species from a complex starting sample, allowing analysis by a relatively simple, low resolution, but stable and precise mass spectrometer instrumentation. A number of exciting future mission opportunities are arising where it is unlikely that it will be feasible to incorporate the full MODULUS-style sample processing system. Of particular interest are missions that offer the opportunity to gain access to surface and sub-surface material through the deployment of mass spectrometers from either high-speed penetrator platforms [Smith et al., 2009] or from sub-surface penetrating mole devices deployed by soft landers [Richter et al., 2003]. We will present work aimed at overcoming the resolution restrictions of ion trap mass spectrometers. It is anticipated that this will enable MODULUS style science return from relatively simple instrumentation which is compatible with the future miniaturised sampling platforms currently under consideration for Mars, asteroids, comets and planetary moons. References: Wright I. P., Barber S. J., Morgan G. H., Morse A. D., Sheridan S., Andrews D. J., Maynard J., Yau D., Evans S. T., Leese M. R., Zarnecki J. C., Kent B. J., Waltham N. R., Whalley M. S., Heys S., Drummond D. L., Edeson R. L., Sawyer E. C., Turner R. F., and Pillinger C. T. (2006). Ptolemy - an instrument to measure stable isotopic ratios of key volatiles on a cometary nucleus. Space Science Reviews, 128

  10. A new titanium-bearing calcium aluminosilicate phase. 2: Crystallography and crystal chemistry of grains formed in slowly cooled melts with bulk compositions of calcium-aluminium-rich inclusions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barber, David J.; Beckett, John R.; Paque, Julie M.; Stolper, Edward

    1994-01-01

    The crystallography and crystal chemistry of a new calcium- titanium-aluminosilicate mineral (UNK) observed in synthetic analogs to calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions (CAIs) from carbonaceous chondrites was studied by electron diffraction techniques. The unit cell is primitive hexagonal or trigonal, with a = 0.790 +/- 0.02 nm and c = 0.492 +/- 0.002 nm, similar to the lattice parameters of melilite and consistent with cell dimensions for crystals in a mixer furnace slag described by Barber and Agrell (1994). The phase frequently displays an epitactic relationship in which melilite acts as the host, with (0001)(sub UNK) parallel (001)(sub mel) and zone axis group 1 0 -1 0(sub UNK) parallel zone axis group 1 0 0(sub mel). If one of the two space groups determined by Barber and Agrell (1994) for their sample of UNK is applicable (P3m1 or P31m), then the structure is probably characterized by puckered sheets of octahedra and tetrahedra perpendicular to the c-axis with successive sheets coordinated by planar arrays of Ca. In this likely structure, each unit cell contains three Ca sites located in mirror planes, one octahedrally coordinated cation located along a three-fold axis and five tetrahedrally coordinated cations, three in mirrors and two along triads. The octahedron contains Ti but, because there are 1.3-1.9 cations of Ti/formula unit, some of the Ti must also be in tetrahedral coordination, an unusual but not unprecedented situation for a silicate. Tetrahedral sites in mirror planes would contain mostly Si, with lesser amounts of Al while those along the triads correspondingly contain mostly Al with subordinate Ti. The structural formula, therefore, can be expressed as Ca(sub 3)(sup VIII)(Ti,Al)(sup VI)(Al,Ti,Si)(sub 2)(sup IV)(Si,Al)(sub 3)(sup IV)O14 with Si + Ti = 4. Compositions of meteoritic and synthetic Ti-bearing samples of the phase can be described in terms of a binary solid solution between the end-members Ca3TiAl2Si3O14 and Ca3Ti(AlTi)(AlSi2)O14. A Ti

  11. Nuevos bárbaros, viejos bárbaros: Teoría de Relaciones Internacionales en la post-Guerra Fría.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark SALTER

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available El fin de la Guerra Fría y el supuesto surgimiento de un nuevo orden mundial han llevado al surgimiento de nuevos paradigmas explicativos de las relaciones internacionales. Entre estos, se viene observando el alcance que ha adquirido la llamada “tesis de los dos mundos”; esto es, una visión explicativa del mundo que incide en la distinción dualista – y/o maniquea – entre “centro y periferia”, “zonas de paz y zonas de conflicto”, “Occidente y el resto”. Mark Salter, en este capítulo de su obra Barbarians and Civilization in International Relations (2002, advierte sobre la necesidad de analizar, desde una perspectiva histórica, la naturaleza y alcance de la reintroducción de estos estereotipos imperialistas en las teorías y discursos de relaciones internacionales, así como la decimonónica dicotomía occidental entre pueblos bárbaros y civilizados. Propone así un análisis minucioso de las tesis de autores como S. P. Huntington, P. Kennedy, R. Kaplan o B. Barber, subrayando así que “todo lo nuevo es viejo otra vez”.The end of the Cold War and the allegedly new world order have led to the emergence of new explanatory paradigms in international relations. Among them, the so called “thesis of the two worlds” has achieved a prominent position. This paradigm highlights the global dualism between “centre and periphery”, “areas of peace and areas of conflict”, “the West and the rest”. In this chapter, extracted from the work Barbarians and Civilization in International Relations (2002, Mark Salter advocates for an analysis that takes on board a historical perspective of the nature and scope of the reintroduction of the 19th century imperialistic stereotype of the European dichotomy between the barbarians and civilized peoples into IR Theory. Consequently, Salter makes a thorough review of the explanations offered by theorists such as S. P. Huntington, P. Kennedy, R. Kaplan or B. Barber in order to

  12. Frequency of hepatitis B and C seropositivity in prisoners

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study was conducted on prisoners of Central Jail, Bahawalpur and on blood donors at Blood Bank Bahawal Victoria Hospital (BVD), Bahawalpur from 1st August 2005 to 30th November 2005. The intension was to study the sero prevalence of hepatitis Band C in prisoners and to note risk factor if any predisposing to the infection. All the prisoners of central jail Bahawalpur present during the study period, aged more than 18 years of either sex were included as the study group and a comparative group was blood donors presenting to blood bank BVH, Bahawalpur during this period. All the cases in study group (2086) as well as control group (9714) were screened for hepatitis B (HBs Ag) and hepatitis C (anti-HCV) infection detected on serum by One Step Test Device. All the positive cases were confirmed by Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay. After an explanation, verbal consent was taken and a questionnaire was filled before taking samples from all the study group cases. On the basis of screening, prisoners were decided into seropositive group and sero-negative group. The different variable applied on both the groups were age, sex, occupation, residence, marital status, self shaving / by barber, family history of (H/o) jaundice, H/o blood trans-fusion, operation, tattooing and body piercing, drug abuse, same sex / extramarital sex and hepatitis B vaccination status. Total prisoners screened were 2086. Out of them 2072 were males (99.3%). Mean age was 34 years. Total seropositive cases were 249 (11.9%) While during the same period seropositivity in blood donors (control group) was 5.9%. Seropositivity of HBV was 5.6% in study group and 3.1% in control group (p<0.001), HCV was 6.3% Vs 2.8% (p<0.001), statistically very significant difference. Risk factors analysis among prisoners revealed that drug abuse was significantly associated with seropositivity (27% Vs 12%, p value <0.001). Among drug abusers, very high percentage of intravenous drug users was positive (89.2%, 25 out

  13. Empowering the people: Development of an HIV peer education model for low literacy rural communities in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krupp Karl

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite ample evidence that HIV has entered the general population, most HIV awareness programs in India continue to neglect rural areas. Low HIV awareness and high stigma, fueled by low literacy, seasonal migration, gender inequity, spatial dispersion, and cultural taboos pose extra challenges to implement much-needed HIV education programs in rural areas. This paper describes a peer education model developed to educate and empower low-literacy communities in the rural district of Perambalur (Tamil Nadu, India. Methods From January to December 2005, six non-governmental organizations (NGO's with good community rapport collaborated to build and pilot-test an HIV peer education model for rural communities. The program used participatory methods to train 20 NGO field staff (Outreach Workers, 102 women's self-help group (SHG leaders, and 52 barbers to become peer educators. Cartoon-based educational materials were developed for low-literacy populations to convey simple, comprehensive messages on HIV transmission, prevention, support and care. In addition, street theatre cultural programs highlighted issues related to HIV and stigma in the community. Results The program is estimated to have reached over 30 000 villagers in the district through 2051 interactive HIV awareness programs and one-on-one communication. Outreach workers (OWs and peer educators distributed approximately 62 000 educational materials and 69 000 condoms, and also referred approximately 2844 people for services including voluntary counselling and testing (VCT, care and support for HIV, and diagnosis and treatment of sexually-transmitted infections (STI. At least 118 individuals were newly diagnosed as persons living with HIV (PLHIV; 129 PLHIV were referred to the Government Hospital for Thoracic Medicine (in Tambaram for extra medical support. Focus group discussions indicate that the program was well received in the communities, led to improved health

  14. Pre-operative screening for hepatitis b and c in general surgical population and their risk factors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To determine prevalence of hepatitis B and C Viral infections and risk factors in patients undergoing general surgery. Methods: This descriptive case series was carried out in 436 patients who attended out-door patient and emergency departments and undergoing general surgery at West Surgical Ward, Mayo Hospital Lahore using a pre-tested self-administered questionnaire. Data for demographic variables for frequencies and associations between variables were analyzed on SPSS version 12.0. Significance level was p<0.05. Results: Out of total 436 respondents, 117 (26.8%) were positive for HCV and 46 (10.55%) for HBV infections. Out of 117, 64 (54.7%) respondents were males and 53 (45.3%) were females. Mean age of respondents was 33.3 +- 3.8 with the highest number (30.3%) were in the age group between 30 to 40 years of age. (Table 1) The seropositivity for HCV differ by gender, is more in males (p<0.004). Conclusion: Prevalence of Anti-HCV is more common than HBsAg in our study population. Shaving faces and armpits from barber, previous history of transfusion and surgery, nose/ear piercing were observed as common risk factors among anti-HCV and HBsAg positive patient in General surgical procedure. (author)

  15. The Physics Force- Physics for ages 6 to 106.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahlberg, E. Dan

    2006-03-01

    The Physics Force is a very successful and entertaining outreach program of the Institute of Technology in the University of Minnesota developed to make science exciting and fun for students of all ages, from 6 to 106. Although all attendees, including high school and college students and guests from retirement homes, praise our performances, the primary focus is on K-6 students. The original Force consists of six k-12 teachers, Hank Ryan, Jon Barber, Jack Netland, Fred Orsted, Aaron Pinski, and Jay Dornfeld and Dan Dahlberg of the University of Minnesota Physics Department. The Force performed variations of The Physics Circus, our most popular show, at Disney's Epcot Center, parts of it were shown on Newton's Apple and several of us have performed demonstrations on the Knoff-Hoff Show, a very successful German T.V. science program. The goal of The Physics Force is to show students and the public Science is Fun, Science is Interesting, and Science is Understandable. By all measures we have available, we are extremely successful in reaching our goals. In the last three year cycle of our University support almost 100,000 residents of Minnesota (or about 2% of the total population) saw a Physics Force performance; it appears we will surpass those numbers in the present cycle.

  16. Comparison of velocimetry techniques for turbulent structures in gas-puff imaging data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sierchio, J. M.; Cziegler, I.; Terry, J. L.; White, A. E.; Zweben, S. J.

    2016-02-01

    Recent analysis of Gas Puff Imaging (GPI) data from Alcator C-Mod found blob velocities with a modified tracking time delay estimation (TDE). These results disagree with velocity analysis performed using direct Fourier methods. In this paper, the two analysis methods are compared. The implementations of these methods are explained, and direct comparisons using the same GPI data sets are presented to highlight the discrepancies in measured velocities. In order to understand the discrepancies, we present a code that generates synthetic sequences of images that mimic features of the experimental GPI images, with user-specified input values for structure (blob) size and velocity. This allows quantitative comparison of the TDE and Fourier analysis methods, which reveals their strengths and weaknesses. We found that the methods agree for structures of any size as long as all structures move at the same velocity and disagree when there is significant nonlinear dispersion or when structures appear to move in opposite directions. Direct Fourier methods used to extract poloidal velocities give incorrect results when there is a significant radial velocity component and are subject to the barber pole effect. Tracking TDE techniques give incorrect velocity measurements when there are features moving at significantly different speeds or in different directions within the same field of view. Finally, we discuss the limitations and appropriate use of each of methods and applications to the relationship between blob size and velocity.

  17. Assessment of dynamic energy conversion systems for radioisotope heat sources

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The use of dynamic conversion systems to convert the heat generated in a 7500 W(t) 90 Sr radioisotopic heat source to electricity is examined. The systems studies were Stirling; Brayton Cycle; three organic Rankines (ORCs) (Barber-Nichols/ORMAT, Sundstrand, and TRW); and an organic Rankine plus thermoelectrics. The systems were ranked for a North Warning System mission using a Los Alamos Multiattribute Decision Theory code. Three different heat source designs were used: case I with a beginning of life (BOL) source temperature of 640 C, case II with a BOL source temperature of 7450C, and case III with a BOL source temperature of 9450C. The Stirling engine system was the top-ranked system of cases I and II, closely followed by the ORC systems in case I and ORC plus thermoelectrics in case II. The Brayton cycle system was top-ranked for case III, with the Stirling engine system a close second. The use of 238Pu in heat source sizes of 7500 W(t) was examined and found to be questionable because of cost and material availability and because of additional requirements for analysis of safeguards and critical mass

  18. Human cadaveric dissection: a historical account from ancient Greece to the modern era.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghosh, Sanjib Kumar

    2015-09-01

    The review article attempts to focus on the practice of human cadaveric dissection during its inception in ancient Greece in 3rd century BC, revival in medieval Italy at the beginning of 14th century and subsequent evolution in Europe and the United States of America over the centuries. The article highlights on the gradual change in attitude of religious authorities towards human dissection, the shift in the practice of human dissection being performed by barber surgeons to the anatomist himself dissecting the human body and the enactment of prominent legislations which proved to be crucial milestones during the course of the history of human cadaveric dissection. It particularly emphasizes on the different means of procuring human bodies which changed over the centuries in accordance with the increasing demand due to the rise in popularity of human dissection as a tool for teaching anatomy. Finally, it documents the rise of body donation programs as the source of human cadavers for anatomical dissection from the second half of the 20th century. Presently innovative measures are being introduced within the body donation programs by medical schools across the world to sensitize medical students such that they maintain a respectful, compassionate and empathetic attitude towards the human cadaver while dissecting the same. Human dissection is indispensable for a sound knowledge in anatomy which can ensure safe as well as efficient clinical practice and the human dissection lab could possibly be the ideal place to cultivate humanistic qualities among future physicians in the 21st century. PMID:26417475

  19. Further observations of a decreasing atmospheric CO2 uptake capacity in the Canada Basin (arctic Ocean) due to sea ice loss

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Else, B.G.T.; Galley, R.J.; Lansard, B.;

    2013-01-01

    ), considering that surface water temperatures were low and the influence of ice melt was strong. A simple model simulating melt of the remaining ice and exposure of the surface water for 100 days revealed a weak capacity for atmospheric CO2 uptake (mean flux: 2.4 mmol m2 d1), due largely to warming of the shallow....... Galley, B. Lansard, D. G. Barber, K. Brown, L. A. Miller, A. Mucci, T. N. Papakyriakou, J.-É. Tremblay, and S. Rysgaard (2013), Further observations of a decreasing atmospheric CO2 uptake capacity in the Canada Basin (Arctic Ocean) due to sea ice loss, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 1132–1137, doi:10.1002/grl......[1] Using data collected in 2009, we evaluated the potential for the southeastern Canada Basin (Arctic Ocean) to act as an atmospheric CO2 sink under the summertime ice-free conditions expected in the near future. Beneath a heavily decayed ice cover, we found surprisingly high pCO2sw (~290–320matm...

  20. Sparse regression and marginal testing using cluster prototypes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid, Stephen; Tibshirani, Robert

    2016-04-01

    We propose a new approach for sparse regression and marginal testing, for data with correlated features. Our procedure first clusters the features, and then chooses as the cluster prototype the most informative feature in that cluster. Then we apply either sparse regression (lasso) or marginal significance testing to these prototypes. While this kind of strategy is not entirely new, a key feature of our proposal is its use of the post-selection inference theory of Taylor and others (2014, Exact post-selection inference for forward stepwise and least angle regression, Preprint, arXiv:1401.3889) and Lee and others (2014, Exact post-selection inference with the lasso, Preprint, arXiv:1311.6238v5) to compute exact [Formula: see text]-values and confidence intervals that properly account for the selection of prototypes. We also apply the recent "knockoff" idea of Barber and Candès (2014, Controlling the false discovery rate via knockoffs, Preprint, arXiv:1404.5609) to provide exact finite sample control of the FDR of our regression procedure. We illustrate our proposals on both real and simulated data. PMID:26614384

  1. Mutations in KAT6B, encoding a histone acetyltransferase, cause Genitopatellar syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campeau, Philippe M; Kim, Jaeseung C; Lu, James T; Schwartzentruber, Jeremy A; Abdul-Rahman, Omar A; Schlaubitz, Silke; Murdock, David M; Jiang, Ming-Ming; Lammer, Edward J; Enns, Gregory M; Rhead, William J; Rowland, Jon; Robertson, Stephen P; Cormier-Daire, Valérie; Bainbridge, Matthew N; Yang, Xiang-Jiao; Gingras, Marie-Claude; Gibbs, Richard A; Rosenblatt, David S; Majewski, Jacek; Lee, Brendan H

    2012-02-10

    Genitopatellar syndrome (GPS) is a skeletal dysplasia with cerebral and genital anomalies for which the molecular basis has not yet been determined. By exome sequencing, we found de novo heterozygous truncating mutations in KAT6B (lysine acetyltransferase 6B, formerly known as MYST4 and MORF) in three subjects; then by Sanger sequencing of KAT6B, we found similar mutations in three additional subjects. The mutant transcripts do not undergo nonsense-mediated decay in cells from subjects with GPS. In addition, human pathological analyses and mouse expression studies point to systemic roles of KAT6B in controlling organismal growth and development. Myst4 (the mouse orthologous gene) is expressed in mouse tissues corresponding to those affected by GPS. Phenotypic differences and similarities between GPS, the Say-Barber-Biesecker variant of Ohdo syndrome (caused by different mutations of KAT6B), and Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (caused by mutations in other histone acetyltransferases) are discussed. Together, the data support an epigenetic dysregulation of the limb, brain, and genital developmental programs. PMID:22265014

  2. Study on the Relation between Material Composition and Performance of the Porous Composites of Cement Treated Crushed Stone%水泥稳定碎石多孔性材料的组成与性能探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李立寒; 郭忠印

    2001-01-01

    Aggregate gradation and cement content are important factors that affect the porousness,the permeability coefficient, the strength and modulus of cement treated crushed stone. Samples of five open-graded aggregates, and four levels of cement content were tested in"drainage-lag"permeameter developed by Barber and Sawyer, and then the samples were tested in compressive strength and modulus of resilience. The relations between material composition and performance of cement treated crushed stone were discussed and the regression equations were developed on the basis of laboratory tests and stepwise regression analysis. These results provide valuable guide for the mix design of cement treated crushed stone.%根据室内试验结果,对水泥稳定碎石多孔性材料的组成与其孔隙率、渗透系数、强度和模量的关系进行了分析,探讨了集料级配、水泥用量等因素的影响.通过逐步回归分析,建立了水泥稳定碎石材料组成与性能之间的回归公式.在此基础上,探讨了水泥稳定碎石的组成设计方法。

  3. Chronic Exposure to Arsenic in Drinking Water Causes Alterations in Locomotor Activity and Decreases Striatal mRNA for the D2 Dopamine Receptor in CD1 Male Mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Leticia Moreno Ávila

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Arsenic exposure has been associated with sensory, motor, memory, and learning alterations in humans and alterations in locomotor activity, behavioral tasks, and neurotransmitters systems in rodents. In this study, CD1 mice were exposed to 0.5 or 5.0 mg As/L of drinking water for 6 months. Locomotor activity, aggression, interspecific behavior and physical appearance, monoamines levels, and expression of the messenger for dopamine receptors D1 and D2 were assessed. Arsenic exposure produced hypoactivity at six months and other behaviors such as rearing and on-wall rearing and barbering showed both increases and decreases. No alterations on aggressive behavior or monoamines levels in striatum or frontal cortex were observed. A significant decrease in the expression of mRNA for D2 receptors was found in striatum of mice exposed to 5.0 mg As/L. This study provides evidence for the use of dopamine receptor D2 as potential target of arsenic toxicity in the dopaminergic system.

  4. Chronic Exposure to Arsenic in Drinking Water Causes Alterations in Locomotor Activity and Decreases Striatal mRNA for the D2 Dopamine Receptor in CD1 Male Mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno Ávila, Claudia Leticia; Limón-Pacheco, Jorge H; Giordano, Magda; Rodríguez, Verónica M

    2016-01-01

    Arsenic exposure has been associated with sensory, motor, memory, and learning alterations in humans and alterations in locomotor activity, behavioral tasks, and neurotransmitters systems in rodents. In this study, CD1 mice were exposed to 0.5 or 5.0 mg As/L of drinking water for 6 months. Locomotor activity, aggression, interspecific behavior and physical appearance, monoamines levels, and expression of the messenger for dopamine receptors D1 and D2 were assessed. Arsenic exposure produced hypoactivity at six months and other behaviors such as rearing and on-wall rearing and barbering showed both increases and decreases. No alterations on aggressive behavior or monoamines levels in striatum or frontal cortex were observed. A significant decrease in the expression of mRNA for D2 receptors was found in striatum of mice exposed to 5.0 mg As/L. This study provides evidence for the use of dopamine receptor D2 as potential target of arsenic toxicity in the dopaminergic system. PMID:27375740

  5. Antoni Christian Bryk (1820-1881) - professor of forensic medicine at Jagiellonian University (1852-1860), and director of the surgical clinic of Jagiellonian University in Cracow (1860-1881).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zajączkowski, Tadeusz

    2014-01-01

    scientific discipline. In the 19th century two milestones revolutionised surgery: the development of narcosis, which enabled painless surgery, and the introduction of antisepsis and asepsis. The author presents the beginnings of academic surgery in Cracow. Its pioneer surgeons are presented. Extensive research was undertaken to collect the literature and documents in Polish, Austrian and German archives and libraries in order to prepare this study. Biographical details of the director of the Surgical Clinic, Prof. Antoni Bryk, are provided. He was the first person in Poland to introduce antisepsis and galvanocautery as routine procedures in the Cracow Clinic. The introduction of antisepsis contributed to a reduction in infection during surgery, and a reduction in postoperative mortality in Cracow Surgical Clinic. In this way Professor Bryk became the first Polish surgeon to apply Lister's antiseptic method in the treatment of wounds. Thus enlarged, the scope of surgery for intracranial, bone and other procedures became routine. Surgery is the oldest discipline in medicine. Poland's first university chair of surgery was established in the 18th century. Surgery, which until then had been the domain of barbers and bath house attendants, became a clinical, PMID:25518102

  6. Comparison of Seroepidemiology and Transmission Modes of Viral Hepatitis C in Iran and Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Moayed Alavian

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Hepatitis C virus (HCV infection is a worldwide problem in health. The seroprevalence of HCV infection is estimated to be 3%. There is considerable geographic and temporal variation in the incidence and prevalence of HCV infection. The researchers conducted the literature search using the electronic database MEDLINE (1966 to January 2008, EMBASE (1980 to October 2007, OVID (1966 to October 2007 and Google (for local websites and medical journals. The following were used: 'Hepatitis C', 'Epidemiology', 'Iran', and 'Pakistan'. HCV infection in Pakistan is more common than in Iran. The most common modes of transmission in Pakistan consist of: IVDs, unsafe injections, transfusion, tattooing and sharing by barbers and in Iran consists of: IVDs, getting wounded in war, extramarital sexual contact and tattooing. The hepatitis C infection is an emerging disease in both countries and requires more governmental support. This article reviews the literature available so far on the epidemiology and potential risks of transmission of HCV and makes recommendations for implementing strategies for the prevention of such transmission in our region.

  7. Unusual sites and presentations of pilonidal sinus disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pravin Gupta J.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Pilonidal sinus usually develops in the sacrococcygeal area or other hair-bearing areas. However, it can present at some other sites with varied presentations and can mimic like other infective pathologies which are more common in that area. It has also been described as an occupational hazard in barbers, especially when presented interdigitally. Occupational pilonidal sinuses tend to occur even in non-hair-bearing areas where there is no presence of individual’s own hair. Pilonidal sinus occurs in many areas of the body such as web of fingers, penis shaft, axilla, intermammary area, groin, nose, neck following trauma during shaving, clitoris, sternum, suprapubic area, occiput, prepuce, chin, periungual region, breast, face or navel. Sporadic incidences of implantation of pilonidal sinus have been reported. The disease is mostly observed in hairdressers, but it has also been reported sporadically in other professions, as male sheep shearer, dog groomer, slaughter men or milker of cows. Short customers’ hairs that penetrate the supple interdigital skin of the hands produce barber’s disease. Though there are only a few reports about these peculiar sinuses in the available literature, they should be suspected in any chronically discharging, non-healing sinus or wound. A clinical suspicion of malignant transformation or affection with tuberculosis in the endemic area should also be kept in mind to avoid any delay in the treatment and the outcome of the disease.

  8. Physiological factor analysis (FADS) in the diagnosis of renal obstruction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Factor analysis has been used as an aid to the interpretation of dynamic scintigrams since the technique was described by Bazin in 1979. We have used a modified version of Barber's (1980) algorithm to analyse dynamic renal data (MacLeod and Houston 1985) and this paper describes the use of the technique to study 50 patients with clinically diagnosed renal obstruction in an effort to differentiate between an obstructive uropathy and an obstructive nephropathy. In this group 73 kidneys had a tentative diagnosis of obstruction made. Following a full clinical radiological and biochemical examination, 27 had a firm clinical diagnosis of an obstructive nephropathy made (13 confirmed at operation), 25 a diagnosis of obstructive uropathy and 21 were judged normal. Following standard 99sup(m)Tc-DTPA renography, performed on all 50 patients, data were analysed by deconvolution analysis, including parenchymal transit time measurements and by physiological factor analysis (FADS). The results showed that, of the 27 kidneys with a clinical diagnosis of an obstructive nephropathy, 19 (70%) had a PTT of > 300 seconds while 23 (85%) had a FAD's rating of 4 or 5. The corresponding false positive rates (ie, obstructive uropathy diagnosed as obstructive nephropathy) were 28% (PTT) and 12% (FADS). An ROC analysis of the PTT and FADS results in the 52 obstructed kidneys shows FADS analysis to be superior to PTTs in differentiating between an obstructive nephropathy and on obstructive uropathy. (Author)

  9. General Atomic's superconducting high field test facility and initial performance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    General Atomic has established a high field test facility whose primary mission is to investigate the J-B-T and stability performance margins of commercial NbTi superconductor in the 10 tesla, 4.20K region. This work is part of the overall DOE/MFE/MAGNETIC SYSTEMS effort to provide an adequate technological base for construction of superconducting toroidal field coils for the next generation of large tokamak fusion devices. The principal components of the facility are the coil/cryostat assembly, the helium refrigerator-liquefier/compressor system, and the gaseous helium recovery and storage system. The epoxy impregnated, layer wound main background field coil generates 8 tesla within its 40 cm diameter bore. The insert background field coil was layer wound with cooling channels provided by ''barber pole'' mylar conductor insulation. Ten tesla is generated within its 22 cm bore. The initial performance of the facility will be discussed. Future testing calls for operating test coils with implanted heating elements to simulate mechanically induced perturbations. The normal zone growth and recovery behavior will be observed for various disturbance energies. This data will then be compared with results obtained from the transient recovery analysis developed at General Atomic

  10. [The Code of Medieval Šibenik and care for health culture issues].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milovic, Dorde; Milovic-Karic, Grozdana

    2013-01-01

    The Code of Šibenik dates back to the 13th century and is impressive inasmuch as it pays a lot of attention to health culture issues. It brings a number of hygienic and sanitary measures such as the ban to keep pigs in the town, to throw "filth and decay" on public roads, to unload and sell fish in places not intended for selling, to display and sell meat outside butcheries, to skin animals outside butcheries, to sell carrion meat, and the order to bakers to bake bread thoroughly. It pays particular attention to public bodies of water such as ponds and to watersupply, and the town subsidised half the welling costs. In respect to general health protection, the Code banned corpse kissing to prevent infections, and graves were removed from the town centre for the same reason (because they "stank"). The "insane" and "simple minded" could not close legal deals. The fact that the town employed a trained physician - medicus - (in addition to a barber) suggests that it was the physician's job to decide who of the townspeople belonged to the category of the mentally challenged. PMID:23883084

  11. Porous MnO2 prepared by sol-gel method for electrochemical supercapacitor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazzi, K.; Kumar, A.; Jayakumar, O. D.; Nazri, G. A.; Naik, V. M.; Naik, R.

    2015-03-01

    MnO2 has attracted great attention as material for electrochemical pseudocapacitor due to its high theoretical specific faradic capacitance (~ 1370 F .g-1) , environmental friendliness and wide potential window in both aqueous and nonaqueous electrolytes. However, the MnO2 has a low surface area which depresses its electrochemical performance. The amorphous α-MnO2 composite was synthesized by sol gel method in the presence of the tri-block copolymer P123. Our aim is to investigate the role of P123 on the electrochemical performance of MnO2. The samples with and without P123 were prepared and characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), SEM, TEM and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) method. The electrochemical performances of the amorphous MnO2 composites as the electrode materials for supercapacitors were evaluated by cyclic voltammetry and AC impedance measurements in a 1M Na2SO4 solution. The results show that the sample prepared without P123 exhibited a relatively low specific capacitance of 28F .g-1, whereas the porous MnO2 prepared with P123 exhibited 117 F .g-1at 5 mV/s. The results of crystalline MnO2 composites will also be presented. The authors acknowledge the support from the Richard J. Barber Foundation for Interdisciplinary Research.

  12. Empathic Features and Absorption in Fantasy Role-Playing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivers, Anissa; Wickramasekera, Ian E; Pekala, Ronald J; Rivers, Jennifer A

    2016-01-01

    This study examined the levels of empathy and absorption of individuals who regularly play fantasy and science fiction role-playing games. A hypothesis was developed that higher levels of empathy would be found in individuals who fantasy role-play based upon previous research in hypnosis such as J. R. Hilgard's (1970) imaginative involvement hypothesis, research into the "fantasy prone" personality type (Wilson & Barber, 1981), and the empathic involvement hypothesis (Wickramasekera II & Szlyk, 2003). The participants in the current study were 127 fantasy role-players who volunteered and completed the Davis Interpersonal Reactivity Index (empathy) and the Tellegen Absorption Scale (absorption). The results demonstrated that those who play fantasy role-playing games scored significantly higher than the comparison group on the IRI scale of empathy, confirming the hypothesis that fantasy role-players report experiencing higher levels of empathic involvement with others. Correlational analysis between the measures demonstrated a significant positive correlation between empathy and absorption (r = .43, p fantasy role-players have a uniquely empathically-imaginative style. The results also confirm and extend previous findings on the relationship between empathy and absorption as predicted by the Empathic Involvement Hypothesis (Wickramasekera II & Szlyk, 2003). PMID:26675155

  13. Prevalence of hepatitis B and C infection in patients admitted at tertiary eye care centre: a hospital based study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To determine the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections and the risk factors in patients admitted for ocular treatment at a tertiary eye care centre in Sindh Pakistan. Methodology: Nine hundred thirty one patients admitted at Liaquat University Eye Hospital Hyderabad for ocular treatment, were screened for HBV and HCV. Patients of either sex, with more than thirty years of age were included. Screening for HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) and antibodies against HCV (anti-HCV) was performed through chromatography method. Samples repeatedly reactive for HBsAg or anti-HCV were considered positive. Results: Out of 931 registered patients, 497 (53.3%) were male and 434 (46.7%) female. Hepatitis B and C was detected in 167 (17.9%) subjects. The overall seroprevalence of HBV infection within the study period was 4.6%, HCV 13.3%, and for HBV and HCV both was 3.9%. Regarding the predisposing factors, past history of blood transfusion was present in 08.3% subjects, needle injection 89.2%, barber shaving 52.6%, and 46 (27.5%) patients presented with past history of surgery. Conclusion: For the prevention of transmission of HBV and HCV infection, the community awareness regarding vaccination against Hepatitis B and risk factors for spread of HBV and HCV, implementation of population based screening and vaccination for HBV on large scale should be ensured. (author)

  14. Update on the clinical utility and optimal use of cefditoren

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barberán J

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available José Barberán,1 Lorenzo Aguilar,2 María-José Giménez21Infectious Diseases Department, Hospital Central de la Defensa Gomez Ulla, 2Microbiology Department, School of Medicine, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, SpainAbstract: This article reviews and updates published data on cefditoren. The in vitro activity of cefditoren and its potential pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic adequacy to cover emerging resistance phenotypes in the present decade is reviewed. Cefditoren's in vitro activity against most prevalent bacterial respiratory pathogens in the community and its pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic profile suggests a significant role for cefditoren in the treatment of respiratory tract infections. Clinical trials (in acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis, community-acquired pneumonia, pharyngotonsillitis, and sinusitis performed during clinical development outside Japan, mainly in adults, are reviewed, together with new clinical studies in the treatment of pharyngotonsillitis, sinusitis, and otitis media in children, mainly in Japan, for efficacy and safety assessment. The results of these studies support the adequacy of cefditoren for the treatment of community-acquired respiratory tract infections with a safety profile similar to previous oral antibiotics. From the data reviewed, it is concluded that cefditoren is an adequate option for the treatment of mild-to-moderate community-acquired respiratory infections, especially in geographical areas with a reported prevalence of phenotypes exhibiting nonsusceptibility to common oral antibiotics.Keywords: acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis, community-acquired pneumonia, pharyngotonsillitis, sinusitis, otitis media

  15. Warm H2O and OH disk emission in V1331 Cyg

    CERN Document Server

    Doppmann, Greg W; Carr, John S; Graham, James R

    2011-01-01

    We present high resolution (R=24,000) L-band spectra of the young intermediate mass star V1331 Cyg obtained with NIRSPEC on the Keck II telescope. The spectra show strong, rich emission from water and OH that likely arises from the warm surface region of the circumstellar disk. We explore the use of the new BT2 (Barber et al. 2006) water line list in fitting the spectra, and we find that it does a much better job than the well-known HITRAN (Rothman et al. 1998) water line list in the observed wavelength range and for the warm temperatures probed by our data. By comparing the observed spectra with synthetic disk emission models, we find that the water and OH emission lines have similar widths (FWHM ~ 18 km s-1). If the line widths are set by disk rotation, the OH and water emission lines probe a similar range of disk radii in this source. The water and OH emission are consistent with thermal emission for both components at a temperature ~ 1500 K. The column densities of the emitting water and OH are large, ~ 1...

  16. From under the shadows: developing awareness in a conventional market with a product less recognized

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Barber

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Nelson Barber, Janis DonovanWhittemore School of Business, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH, USAAbstract: The wine industry has considered product quality as the benchmark driving ­competitiveness, with wine quality the target standard. This focus on quality exposes producers to intense price competition with consumers alternating between wines. Some research has been done on country of origin suggesting the value consumers place on specific origins goes deeper than quality and price, inferring the presence of other dimensions such as emotional, economic, and social associations. However, little has been done to determine the value consumers place on the sub-wine regions of these larger countries. This study examines dimensions of wine region brand equity, by analyzing benefits sought by consumers. Data was collected through a survey conducted in the United States which identified drivers of preferences for wine regions and relationships that may exist between those drivers and wine region preferences. The findings suggest brand equity of small wine regions results from consumer motivational factors and these factors are determinants of consumer preferences. Linking these factors to consumer, demographic and location allows for direct marketing strategies.Keywords: wine region brand equity, consumer, gender, millennial

  17. HEAD LICE IN HAIR SAMPLES FROM YOUTHS, ADULTS AND THE ELDERLY IN MANAUS, AMAZONAS STATE, BRAZIL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunes, Suellen Cristina Barbosa; Moroni, Raquel Borges; Mendes, Júlio; Justiniano, Sílvia Cássia Brandão; Moroni, Fábio Tonissi

    2015-01-01

    A study of head lice infestations among young people, adults and elderly individuals was conducted from August 2010 to July 2013 in Manaus, AM, Northern Brazil. Hair samples collected from 1,860 individuals in 18 barber shops and beauty parlors were examined for the ectoparasite. The occurrence of pediculosis and its association with factors, such as sex, age, ethnicity, hair characteristics and the socioeconomic profile of salon customers, salon location and seasonal variation were determined. The overall occurrence rate was 2.84%. Occurrence was higher in hair samples from non-blacks and the elderly. Higher occurrence was also observed during kindergarten, elementary and junior education school holidays. The results indicate that the occurrence of head lice among young people, adults and the elderly in Manaus is relatively low compared to that determined in children and in other regions of the country. After children, the elderly were the most affected. The study also indicated the need to adopt additional procedures to improve surveys among the population with low or no purchasing power, which is usually the most affected by this ectoparasitic disease. PMID:26200965

  18. Determination of risk factors for hepatitis B and C in male patients suffering from chronic hepatitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Waquaruddin

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Hepatitis B and C is common in Pakistan and various risk factors are attributable to its spread. One thousand and fifty consecutive male cases suffering from chronic liver disease (327 HBV and 723 HCV were selected from the OPD of public sector hospital and a private clinic dealing exclusively with the liver patients. To compare the results 723 age and gender matched controls were selected from the blood transfusion services of the public sector hospital. A standard questionnaire was filled for all patients and controls which included the information on possible risk factors. Findings Family history of liver disease was significantly higher (43% and 34% in HBV and HCV positive cases as compared to 5% in controls [odds ratio 15.6; 95% Confidence Interval CI: 10.1 -- 24.1, 10.9; 95% Confidence Interval CI: 7.3 -- 16.4] and same trend was seen for death due to liver disease in the family. Majority 74% hepatitis B positive cases had their shaves done at communal barbers but this practice was equally prevalent amongst controls (68%, thus negating it as a possible risk factor, but there is a significant risk with p Conclusion Injections, surgery and dental treatment appear as major risk factors for the transmission of hepatitis B and C in the community. Massive health care awareness drives need to be done for both health care providers and the public to reduce this menace.

  19. A perspective on genomic-guided anthelmintic discovery and repurposing using Haemonchus contortus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preston, Sarah; Jabbar, Abdul; Gasser, Robin B

    2016-06-01

    High-throughput molecular and computer technologies have become instrumental for systems biological explorations of parasites. Investigating the genomes and transcriptomes of different developmental stages of parasitic nematodes can provide insights into gene expression, regulation and function in the parasite, which is a significant step toward understanding their biology as well as host interactions and disease. This article covers aspects of a talk given at the MEEGID XII conference in Thailand in 2014. Here, we refer to recent studies of the genomes and transcriptomes of socioeconomically important parasitic nematodes of animals; provide an account of the barber's pole worm (Haemonchus contortus) and emerging drug resistance problems in this and related worms; we also propose a genomic-guided drug discovery and repurposing approach, involving the prediction of the druggable genome, prioritization of drug targets, screening of compound libraries against H. contortus and, briefly, a hit-to-lead optimization approach. We conclude by indicating prospects that molecular tool kits for nematodes provide to the scientific community for future comparative genomic, genetic, proteomic, metabolomic, evolutionary, biological, ecological and epidemiological investigations, and as a basis for biotechnological outcomes and translation. PMID:26144657

  20. Surface critical exponents of self-avoiding walks on a square lattice with an adsorbing linear boundary: A computer simulation study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using the scanning simulation method, we study a model of a single self-avoiding walk (SAW) terminally attached to an adsorbing impenetrable linear boundary on a square lattice; an interaction energy var-epsilon (var-epsilon 1=0.9551±0.0003 agrees very well with Cardy's value γ1=61/64=0.953 . . . , obtained from conformal invariance [Nucl. Phys. B 240, 514 (1984)]. At the special point, we obtain independently the estimates γ1=1.478±0.020 and γ11=0.860±0.026 and, therefore, also two independent estimates for μ that are found to be equal and very close to the Enting-Guttmann value. These results for γ1 and γ11 satisfy the Barber scaling relation. However, our adsorption critical temperature -var-epsilon/kBT*=K*=0.722±0.004 is larger than estimates previously obtained by the transfer-matrix method. Correspondingly, our result for the crossover exponent φ=0.562±0.020 is significantly larger than a theoretical value of Burkhardt, Eisenriegler, and Guim [Nucl. Phys. B 316, 559 (1989)], φ=1/2

  1. East Mesa geothermal pump test facility (EMPTF). Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Olander, R.G.; Roberts, G.K.

    1984-11-28

    Barber-Nichols has completed the design, fabrication and installation of a geothermal pump test facility at the DOE geothermal site at East Mesa, California which is capable of testing 70 to 750 horsepower downwell pumps in a controlled geothermal environment. The facility consists of a skid-mounted brine control module, a 160 foot below ground test well section, a hydraulic turbine for power recovery, a gantry-mounted hoist for pump handling and a 3-phase, 480 VAC, 1200 amp power supply to handle pump electric requirements. Geothermal brine is supplied to the EMPTF from one of the facility wells at East Mesa. The EMPTF is designed with a great amount of flexibility to attract the largest number of potential users. The 20-inch diameter test well can accommodate a wide variety of pumps. The controls are interactive and can be adjusted to obtain a full complement of pump operation data, or set to maintain constant conditions to allow long-term testing with a minimum of operator support. The hydraulic turbine allows the EMPTF user to recover approximately 46% of the input pump power to help defray the operating cost of the unit. The hoist is provided for material handling and pump servicing and reduces the equipment that the user must supply for pump installation, inspection and removal.

  2. Environmental attitudes towards wine tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Taylor

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Christopher Taylor1, Nelson Barber2, Cynthia Deale31School of Business, Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, Roosevelt County, NM, USA; 2Whittemore School of Business, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH, USA; 3Department of Hospitality Management, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC , USAAbstract: Wine tourism marketers frequently seek new ways to promote destinations, often executing ecologically sustainable practices. As consumer environmental knowledge of a wine tourism destination increases, consumer attitudes change, influencing perceptions of the environmental policies of a wine region. In this consumer-driven economy, it is therefore important to search for effective ways to market destinations, and one approach is selective marketing. By focusing on consumers in this manner, it is possible to understand better their concerns and motivations, which should aid in marketing and advertising efforts. This study investigated wine consumers environmental concerns and attitudes about wine regions. Results suggest environmental attitudes differed by demographics regarding the impact of wine tourism, providing ideas on further marketing efforts for those involved in wine tourism.Keywords: sustainable wine tourism, green products, wine marketing, consumers

  3. [A history and philosophy of bio-medical ethics seen from a dentist's point of view].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Shinik

    2002-01-01

    When we think about ethics or morals, we tend to look at them from the viewpoint of here and now. Actual implications of then and there, however, could be different. That is why we should study history of bio-ethics along with philosophy involved in it. Bio-medical ethics is situated in spatial and cultural dimension as well as temporal and historical. Dentistry has been in a peculiar situation in that although it has evolved from the same root as medicine, it has become a separate discipline. Ethical implications of dentistry, however, share the historical and philosophical background with its mother discipline, i.e., medicine, surgery, barber-surgery and even smithery. This paper tries to grasp the main ideas of bio-medical ethics from the ancient Greek and China, and picks up three of them as guiding principles, i.e., deontology and teleology from the west and self-cultivation from the east. It also tracks down the contents of modern biomedical ethics; from etiquette to ethics, from morals to contract (ethics of autonomy), and ethics of professional responsibility. Finally it reviews and analyzes two different traditions of dental professional regulation from the legal and ethical point of view (U.S. and Europe), and proposes a new direction for the construction of dental ethics in Korea. PMID:12825602

  4. Raising a chorus of voices to prevent HIV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, J

    1995-01-01

    Many goods are transported from Bangalore and Bombay along the highway which cuts across the farmlands of Belgaum district, Karnataka state. As they pass through Belgaum, truck drivers have sex with prostitutes. Local devadasis, women who belong to a Hindu sect, rely upon sex work, concubinage, and begging to survive. In 1993, MYRADA, a nongovernmental organization (NGO), determined that more than 9% of these women seeking HIV testing in the district were seropositive for the virus. Acting upon this finding, MYRADA launched an HIV prevention program among the devadasis. The program soon expanded to include the general population amid concerns that targeting devadasis would further marginalize them and not enhance their risk reduction behavior. Less than half of the sex workers and less than 25% of all women interviewed had heard of AIDS. MYRADA therefore focused upon training specific groups, such as volunteer health workers, traditional midwives, barbers, and government employees with extensive public contact, to act as HIV educators. The NGO also uses village meetings, folk and popular music, billboards, traveling programs of movies and music videos, street theater, and newspaper advertisements to communicate HIV prevention messages. Moreover, in the interest of getting prevention messages to the large number of illiterate people, print materials were redesigned to carry fewer words and more pictures. MYRADA is close to ensuring that no one in the area needs to walk more than 10 minutes to buy a condom. PMID:12319990

  5. HEAD LICE IN HAIR SAMPLES FROM YOUTHS, ADULTS AND THE ELDERLY IN MANAUS, AMAZONAS STATE, BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suellen Cristina Barbosa NUNES

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available A study of head lice infestations among young people, adults and elderly individuals was conducted from August 2010 to July 2013 in Manaus, AM, Northern Brazil. Hair samples collected from 1,860 individuals in 18 barber shops and beauty parlors were examined for the ectoparasite. The occurrence of pediculosis and its association with factors, such as sex, age, ethnicity, hair characteristics and the socioeconomic profile of salon customers, salon location and seasonal variation were determined. The overall occurrence rate was 2.84%. Occurrence was higher in hair samples from non-blacks and the elderly. Higher occurrence was also observed during kindergarten, elementary and junior education school holidays. The results indicate that the occurrence of head lice among young people, adults and the elderly in Manaus is relatively low compared to that determined in children and in other regions of the country. After children, the elderly were the most affected. The study also indicated the need to adopt additional procedures to improve surveys among the population with low or no purchasing power, which is usually the most affected by this ectoparasitic disease.

  6. Need assessment for HIV/AIDS Education: The level of knowledge about transmission in some risk groups in Turkey

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Every year, the number of HIV/AIDS cases increases twice as much as the year before in Turkey. The authors anticipate that the actual numbers of HIV/AIDS cases in Turkey are higher than the number of cases diagnosed and reported. This review summarizes the results of some previous studies that were conducted among various risk groups, such as high school and university students, barbers, hair dressers, nurses, pharmacists and doctors, men and women engaged in sex trade and security workers in different regions of country. The responses of participants to similar questions of studies on the transmission of HIV/AIDS were evaluated in this review. The studies that have been conducted among different risk groups in different regions have shown that in spite of low prevalence of HIV/AIDS in Turkey, many risk groups still do not have adequate or correct information on the prevalence and transmission of disease. Effective and extensive health education on HIV/AIDS and the practice of healthy lifestyle would change the epidemiology of the disease in Turkey. (author)

  7. Noise reduction by magnetostatic coupling in geomagnetic-field sensors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhao, Chong-Jun; Li, Min; Li, Jian-Wei [Department of Materials Physics and Chemistry, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China); Ding, Lei [School of Materials and Chemical Engineering, Hainan University, Haikou 570228 (China); Teng, Jiao, E-mail: cjzhao.ustb@gmail.com [Department of Materials Physics and Chemistry, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China); Yu, Guang-Hua [Department of Materials Physics and Chemistry, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083 (China)

    2014-11-15

    A new magnetoresistive (MR) thin film with a structure of “antiferromagnetic layer/pinned soft magnetic layer/non-magnetic MgO spacer layer/sensitive NiFe layer” was designed. The barber-pole MR elements with a Wheatstone bridge circuit were fabricated using photolithographic methods. The testing results show that, in comparison to the element with a typical structure of Ta/NiFe/Ta, the fabricated MR element shows significant reduction in the Barkhausen noise and the 1/f noise and good magnetic stability while maintaining high magnetic field sensitivity. This element with improved signals can be attributed to the magnetostatic coupling between the pinned soft magnetic layer and the sensitive NiFe layer, which can act as a small stabilizing field, leading to the coherent rotation of magnetic moment in the sensitive NiFe layer. - Highlights: • A new MR film with the structure of “IrMn/NiFe/MgO/NiFe” was designed. • The elements with a Wheatstone bridge circuit were fabricated using photolithography. • A reduced noisy and good magnetic stable signal was achieved. • The magnetostatic coupling can act as a small stabilizing field. • Coherent rotation of the magnetic moment happened in the sensing NiFe layer.

  8. ICLAS of water in the 770 nm transparency window (12 746-13 558 cm-1). Comparison with current experimental and calculated databases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The absorption spectrum of water vapor has been investigated by intracavity laser spectroscopy (ICLAS) in the 12 746-13 558 cm-1 spectral region corresponding to an interesting transparency window of the atmosphere, partly obscured by the A band of molecular oxygen. The achieved sensitivity-in the order of αmin∼10-9 cm-1-has allowed one to measure 1062 water lines with intensities ranging from 1.6x10-28 to 2.35x10-24 cm/molecule at 296 K. A total of 169 new and improved energy levels belonging to 21 vibrational states could be determined from 374 newly measured transitions. The retrieved experimental line list is compared with the spectra calculated by Schwenke and Partridge, and Barber and Tennyson. Comparison with the available experimental databases shows that the obtained results represent a significant improvement of the knowledge of the water absorption in the considered region, in particular in the region of the oxygen A band

  9. Empire’s Mastheads: Rewriting the “Correspondents’ War” from the Edge of Empire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Berkey

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This essay recovers a forgotten moment in the print culture history of US empire by examining a handful of newspapers and periodicals—American Soldier, Manila Outpost, Soldier’s Letter, Co. F Enterprise, and Volunteer—that were founded and written by and for US soldiers in the Philippines and Cuba. Unlike their more famous stateside counterparts who produced the “correspondents’ war” and trafficked in national culture’s romantic sensationalism, soldier-correspondents mapped the everyday culture of their imperial community, reporting on ordinary, everyday events of daily life in the imperial outpost like baseball games, debate clubs, popular barbers, robberies, sanitation violations, mail deliveries, and local advertisements. Such publications revise and remediate the dominant romantic ideology of empire at the turn of the century, creating an imagined community of empire far different from that produced by the “correspondents’ war.” Revising the romantic paradigm into an alternative narrative of everyday habit, ordinary routine, and mundane desire, soldier-newspapers produce a flat account of empire that endows the project of empire-building with a sense of the mundane and the nonheroic. This quotidianizing of empire not only conceals the violent realities of imperial encounter behind the dull shimmer of newsprint, but also remodels the romantic spaces of the public’s imperial imagination into the familiar spaces of everyday life, a process that normalizes empire as a way of life for soldiers.

  10. The human epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR gene in European patients with advanced colorectal cancer harbors infrequent mutations in its tyrosine kinase domain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delvenne Philippe

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR, a member of the ErbB family of receptors, is a transmembrane tyrosine kinase (TK activated by the binding of extracellular ligands of the EGF-family and involved in triggering the MAPK signaling pathway, which leads to cell proliferation. Mutations in the EGFR tyrosine kinase domain are frequent in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC. However, to date, only very few, mainly non-European, studies have reported rare EGFR mutations in colorectal cancer (CRC. Methods We screened 236 clinical tumor samples from European patients with advanced CRC by direct DNA sequencing to detect potential, as yet unknown mutations, in the EGFR gene exons 18 to 21, mainly covering the EGFR TK catalytic domain. Results EGFR sequences showed somatic missense mutations in exons 18 and 20 at a frequency of 2.1% and 0.4% respectively. Somatic SNPs were also found in exons 20 and 21 at a frequency of about 3.1% and 0.4% respectively. Of these mutations, four have not yet been described elsewhere. Conclusions These mutation frequencies are higher than in a similarly sized population characterized by Barber and colleagues, but still too low to account for a major role played by the EGFR gene in CRC.

  11. Risk factors for hepatitis B carrier status among blood donors of the National Blood Center, Thai Red Cross Society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nuchprayoon, T; Chumnijarakij, T

    1992-06-01

    A study of risk factors for hepatitis B carriers among voluntary blood donors of the National Blood Center, Thai Red Cross Society was carried out in a case-control study design during January 1989 to June 1990. Cases were 876 blood donors whose blood identified HBsAg at time of recruitment and continued positive for more than 6 months. Controls were 1,750 blood donors whose blood was free from HBsAg who came for blood donation at the same period as the cases. The ratio of cases:controls = 1:2. Self-administered questionnaires were constructed and pretested before using both cases and controls. The study revealed that the risk factors for hepatitis B among voluntary blood donors were age of less than 30 years old; low socioeconomic status (family income of less than 8,000 Baht/month); single status, especially males; male occupations of students, monks, nongovernment workers compared with government officials; female occupations of laborers, students, nongovernment workers and government officials compared with housewives. Sharing of nail clippers, used blades and tooth brushes among family members are proved to be risk factors, especially among males. In addition, sharing of used blades in barber shops proved to be a risk among males while sharing of nail clippers in beauty salons, history of ear-piercing at department stores or history of caesarean section among females could not be shown to be risk factors.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:1439976

  12. Ectoparasite associations of bats from central Pennsylvania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dick, Carl W; Gannon, Michael R; Little, Wendy E; Patrick, Michael J

    2003-11-01

    Between April and October 1997, 689 bats representing seven species were captured at Pennsylvania's Canoe Creek State Park. Each bat was sampled for ectoparasitic arthropods, and four species were collected from 13.2% of the host individuals. Ectoparasites include the bat flea Myodopsylla insignis (Rothschild), the wing mite Spinturnix americanus (Banks), the bed bug Cimex adjunctus Barber, and the soft tick Ornithodoros kelleyi Cooley & Kohls. Prevalence, relative density, and mean intensity were calculated for ectoparasites of Myotis lucifugus (Le Conte), which harbored all four ectoparasite species and was the most commonly captured host. Patterns of ectoparasite associations were examined with respect to host sex and habitat (roost characteristics). Female M. lucifugus hosted higher densities of ectoparasites than did males. Moreover, relative densities of ectoparasites from M. lucifugus were dependent on the proximate roost; hosts captured near Bat Church were more heavily parasitized than those captured near Hartman Mine. Two other bat species were infested with at least one ectoparasite, but sample sizes were too small to analyze statistically. These bat species included Myotis septentrionalis (Trouessart), harboring M. insignis, S. americanus, and O. kelleyi, and Eptesicus fuscus (Beauvois), which harbored M. insignis and O. kelleyi. PMID:14765658

  13. Validation of a radial-inflow turbine model for super-critical CO{sub 2} applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vilim, R. B. [Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)

    2012-07-01

    A one-dimensional model for a radial inflow turbine for super-critical carbon dioxide (S-CO{sub 2}) Brayton cycle applications is described. The model accounts for the main phenomena present in the volute, nozzle, and impeller of a single-stage turbine. These phenomena include internal losses due to friction, blade loading, and angle of incidence and parasitic losses due to windage and blade-housing leakage. The model was developed to support the analysis of S-CO{sub 2} cycles in conjunction with small-scale loop experiments. Such loops operate at less than one MWt thermal input. Their size permits components to be reconfigured in new arrangements relatively easily and economically. However, the small thermal input combined with the properties of carbon dioxide lead to turbo-machines with impeller diameters of only one to two inches. At these sizes the dominant phenomena differ from those in larger more typical machines. There is almost no treatment in the literature of turbo-machines at these sizes. Model predictions are compared against data from an experiment performed for Sandia National Laboratories in the small-scale split-flow Brayton cycle loop currently located at Barber-Nichols Inc. (authors)

  14. 'Made in Europe' photovoltaic industry Conference - perspectives in the face of the crisis?'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The French-German office for Renewable energies (OFAEnR) organised a conference on the future of the photovoltaic industry. In the framework of this French-German exchange of experience, about 120 participants exchanged views on some innovative projects, as well as some solutions to grid integration and electricity storage. The question of anticipated grid parity through self-consumption was addressed too. This document brings together the available presentations (slides) made during this event: 1 - PV, a competitive source of energy in Europe: tomorrows' grid parity and markets in Europe (Gaetan Masson); 2 - Photovoltaics support in Germany - developments and challenges (Berthold Goeke); 3 - New support mechanism to the photovoltaic industry: optimizing the model, the French market asset (Nicolas Barber); 4 - PV production in Germany - threats and opportunities (Peter Frey); 5 - PV Alliance - From Labs to Fabs: ensuring the photovoltaic industry future through innovation and R and D collaborations in France and Germany (Eric Laborde); 6 - Smart energy storage improving grid integration of decentralized PV energy (Michael Lippert); 7 - Onsite Consumption - the anticipated Grid Parity (Matthias Reichmuth); 8 - The photovoltaic energy research and development institute - IRDeP (Daniel Lincot)

  15. Capacitive Deionization: Performance Improvement Using Multistep Buffered Arrangement and Ordered Mesoporous Carbon Electrodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salamat, Yasamin; Rios Perez, Carlos; Gurijala, Anvesh; Erb, Randall; Hidrovo, Carlos

    2015-11-01

    Capacitive deionization (CDI) is an emerging novel technology for water treatment which uses an electrical field to adsorb ions to oppositely charged high porous media. The most distinguished feature of CDI is its ability to retrieve a fraction of the energy consumed for desalination during the regeneration cycle. Here, we propose a new architecture aiming to improve the overall performance of CDI. In this method, an array of CDI cells are connected in series with solution buffers in between them. The buffer solution homogenizes the outlet concentration of the preceding cell and supplies a constant concentration reservoir for the next cell. The performance of the proposed CDI system with two CDI cells and one solution buffer was compared with a two-cascaded-cells array with no solution buffer. The obtained results demonstrated the superiority of the proposed buffered system, in terms of desalination percentage. In addition, a new method for fabricating ordered mesoporous carbon electrodes was introduced aimed at reducing the electrical resistance of the system and enhancing its adsorption capacity. Performance of the electrodes was evaluated using Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) and Cyclic Voltammetry (CV). The proposed methods provide great potentials for CDI to be implemented in larger scales and industrial applications. The author would like to thank Jabulani Barber for all his help and support on manufacturing the carbon films.

  16. Albendazole in environment: faecal concentrations in lambs and impact on lower development stages of helminths and seed germination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prchal, Lukáš; Podlipná, Radka; Lamka, Jiří; Dědková, Tereza; Skálová, Lenka; Vokřál, Ivan; Lecová, Lenka; Vaněk, Tomáš; Szotáková, Barbora

    2016-07-01

    Albendazole (ABZ), widely used benzimidazole anthelmintic, administered to animals enters via excrements into environment and may impact non-target organisms. Moreover, exposure of lower development stages of helminths to anthelmintics may also encourage the development of drug-resistant strains of helminths. In present project, the kinetics of ABZ (10 mg kg(-1) p.o.) and its metabolite (ABZ.SO, ABZSO2) elimination in faeces from treated Texel lambs were studied using UHPLC/MS/MS with the aim to find out their concentrations achievable in the environment. Consequently, the effect of these compounds on lower development stages of Barber's pole worm (Haemonchus contortus) and on germination of white mustard (Sinapis alba) seeds was evaluated. The results showed that ABZ concentrations in faeces excreted in 4-60 h after treatment were above the concentrations lethal for H. contortus eggs. Moreover, pre-incubation with sub-lethal doses of ABZ and ABZ.SO did not increase the resistance of H. contortus eggs and larvae to anthelmintics. On the other hand, concentrations of ABZ and ABZ.SO in faeces are so high that might have negative influence on non-target soil invertebrates. As neither ABZ nor its metabolites affect the germination of mustard seeds, phytoremediation could be considered as potential tool for detoxification of ABZ in the environment. PMID:26996913

  17. Development and validation of a radial inflow turbine model for simulation of the SNL S-CO2 split-flow loop.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vilim, R. B. (Nuclear Engineering Division)

    2012-07-31

    A one-dimensional model for a radial inflow turbine has been developed for super-critical carbon dioxide (S-CO{sub 2}) Brayton cycle applications. The model accounts for the main phenomena present in the volute, nozzle, and impeller of a single-stage turbine. These phenomena include internal losses due to friction, blade loading, and angle of incidence and parasitic losses due to windage and blade-housing leakage. The model has been added as a component to the G-PASS plant systems code. The model was developed to support the analysis of S-CO{sub 2} cycles in conjunction with small-scale loop experiments. Such loops operate at less than a MWt thermal input. Their size permits components to be reconfigured in new arrangements relatively easily and economically. However, the small thermal input combined with the properties of carbon dioxide lead to turbomachines with impeller diameters of only one to two inches. At these sizes the dominant phenomena differ from those in larger more typical machines. There is almost no treatment in the literature of turbomachines at these sizes. The present work therefore is aimed at developing turbomachine models that support the task of S-CO{sub 2} cycle analysis using small-scale tests. Model predictions were compared against data from an experiment performed for Sandia National Laboratories in the split-flow Brayton cycle loop currently located at Barber-Nichols Inc. The split-flow loop incorporates two turbo-alternator-compressor (TAC) units each incorporating a radial inflow turbine and a radial flow compressor on a common shaft. The predicted thermodynamic conditions at the outlet of the turbine on the main compressor shaft were compared with measured values at different shaft speeds. Two modifications to the original model were needed to better match the experiment data. First, a representation of the heat loss from the volute downstream of the sensed inlet temperature was added. Second, an empirical multiplicative factor was

  18. A case study of GAMM (graphical analysis for maintenance management) in the mining industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents a case for practical application of the GAMM method, which has been developed and published by the authors (Barberá L., Crespo A. and Viveros P.) The GAMM method supports decision-making in the overall maintenance management, through the visualization and graphical analysis of data. In addition, it allows for the identification of anomalous behavior in the equipment analyzed, whether derived from its own operations, maintenance activities, improper use of equipment or even as a result of design errors in the equipment itself. As a basis for analysis, the GAMM method uses a nonparametric estimator of the reliability function using all historical data or, alternatively, part of the history, allowing it to perform an analysis even with limited available data. In the case study developed, GAMM has been used to analyze two slurry pumps in a mining plant located in Chile. Both pumps are part of the same industrial process, which is described in Section 3, and both pumps had a higher failure rate but one more than the other. GAMM identified deficiencies in each of the pumps being studied, thus improving decision-making and problem solving process related to the maintenance of the pumps. Particularly, this work initially provides a description of the GAMM method (Section 1), and, afterwards, it is depicted with special attention the approach to the problem (Section 2). In Section 3, a background of the industrial context is presented. Then, Section 4 shows step by step the application of GAMM method. Finally, results and conclusions are presented in Section 5 where the main improvements obtained are summarized

  19. Guy de Chauliac: pre-eminent surgeon of the Middle Ages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watters, David A K

    2013-10-01

    Guy de Chauliac (c1300-1368) trained in Toulouse and the University of Montpellier from where he achieved the highest possible degree of Master of medicine. He undertook fellowships in Bologna (anatomical dissection) and Paris (surgery) and was qualified as a physician not a Barber Surgeon. He took Holy Orders and was appointed as physician to three Avignon-based Popes. He survived an epidemic of the Black Death (1348-1350), suffering an axillary bubo. His book Chirugia Magna was written in medieval Latin in 1363, then circulated in manuscript form before its first printing in 1478. There were 70 editions as it became the most influential surgical text for over 200 years, particularly in France, spanning the period from the late 14th century until Paré (1510-1590). He divided surgery into swellings, wounds, ulcers, fractures and dislocations, and special diseases. Well researched and referenced, based on evidence and experience, he succeeded in incorporating antiquarian and contemporary thinking from French, Arabian, Italian (Bologna), Egyptian and Greek scholars about anatomy, surgical disease and treatment. He was a strong advocate for evaluating outcomes, knowing when not to operate, professionalism and the non-technical competencies. His framework of professionalism was based on four domains: being learned, expert, ingenious and adaptable. The surgical aspirants and leaders of the following two centuries recognized the academic, professional and practical value of his teaching through their reference to and use of Chirugia Magna. The Cowlishaw collection in the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons' library contains four French copies, under the title La Grande Chirugie. PMID:24099124

  20. Radio telemetry equipment and applications for carnivores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller, Mark R.; Fuller, Todd K.

    2012-01-01

    Radio-telemetry was not included in the first comprehensive manual of wildlife research techniques (Mosby 1960) because the first published papers were about physiological wildlife telemetry (LeMunyan et al. 1959) and because research using telemetry in field ecology was just being initiated (Marshall et al. 1962; Cochran and Lord 1963). Among the first uses of telemetry to study wildlife, however, was a study of carnivores (Craighead et al. 1963), and telemetry has become a common method for studying numerous topics of carnivore biology. Our goals for this chapter are to provide basic information about radio-telemetry equipment and procedures. Although we provide many references to studies using telemetry equipment and methods, we recommend Kenward's (2001) comprehensive book, A manual of wildlife radio tagging for persons who are unfamiliar with radio-telemetry, Fuller et al. (2005), and Tomkiewicz et al. (2010). Compendia of uses of radio-telemetry in animal research appear regularly as chapters in manuals (Cochran 1980; Samuel and Fuller 1994), in books about equipment, field procedures, study design, and applications (Amlaner and Macdonald 1980; Anderka 1987; Amlaner 1989; White and Garrott 1990; Priede and Swift 1992; Kenward 2001; Millspaugh and Marzluff 2001; Mech and Barber 2002), and in reviews highlighting new developments (Cooke et al. 2004; Rutz and Hays 2009; Cagnacci et al. 2010). Some animal telemetry products and techniques have remained almost unchanged for years, but new technologies and approaches emerge and replace previously available equipment at an increasing pace. Here, we emphasize recent studies for which telemetry was used with carnivores.

  1. Caring for Women Who Have Experienced Female Genital Cutting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Little, Cindy M

    2015-01-01

    Female genital cutting/mutilation (FGC/M) is a procedure that involves physically altering a woman's/girl's genitals for no health benefits. This is a practice that is deeply rooted in culture, religion, and social tradition primarily in some African and Middle East countries. It is performed by a midwife, barber, traditional healer with no surgical training, or a physician. The practice of FGC/M has been gaining increased attention as women from those countries have been migrating to the United States and Western Europe. The World Health Organization (WHO) has estimated that 125 million women worldwide have undergone FGC/M. The practice has serious short-term and long-term physical, obstetric, and psychological complications. It has been proposed by some healthcare professionals that physicians or other healthcare providers should perform the cutting because it would be done under more sanitary conditions that would reduce complications. However, the WHO and other organizations have condemned the practice by any medical professional. The FGC/M procedure is a human rights violation and has been banned by WHO and other organizations and governments. This article provides an overview of the current issues related to FGC/M and addresses important cultural considerations for nurses caring for women with FGC/M. Nurses are in a unique position to provide holistic, culturally competent care in a respectful, nonjudgmental atmosphere. Nurses have a role in educating women with FGC/M about the complications and care, as education is necessary in the challenge to eradicate the practice of FGC/M. PMID:26154032

  2. Violence against women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, T

    1996-01-01

    This essay opens its discussion of violence against women by referring to the 1994 television broadcast of a 10-year-old Egyptian girl undergoing female genital mutilation (FGM) without benefit of infection control measures or anesthesia at the hands of a local barber. After presenting a brief description of FGM, its various justifications, and its impacts on its victims, the official Egyptian policy is described as ambiguous, and the broadcast is shown to have caused influential religious leaders and medical personnel to defend FGM and, thus, led to postponement of a bill to outlaw FGM. The next section of the essay shows that Egypt's response to FGM reflects the international debate on all forms of violence against women emerging from and reinforcing the social relationships that give men power over women. These forms of violence include domestic violence in almost all societies; the dowry-related, bride-burning homicides that claim 5000-12,000 lives each year in India; son preference that leads to abortion of female fetuses and female infanticide; and crimes such as rape, sexual abuse, and forced prostitution. The essay continues with a look at the costs of violence hidden in the damage to women that increases health care costs substantially and reduces economic productivity. Violence towards women, which occurs throughout the world and can prevent women from participating in public life or from controlling their fertility, is a male tool to inhibit women from gaining autonomy outside the home. The essay concludes that victims of violence are beginning to break the silence that surrounded these deeds and are seeking legislative protection. Laws may not result in real-life changes, but the movement to eliminate FGM may prove to be the first success in women's efforts to achieve human rights. An example is the important precedent being set in the US by a woman seeking asylum to avoid facing an arranged marriage and FGM in her native Togo. PMID:12291323

  3. Drug resistance in community-acquired respiratory tract infections: role for an emerging antibacterial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorenzo Aguilar

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Lorenzo Aguilar1, María-José Giménez1, José Barberán21Microbiology Department, School of Medicine, University Complutense, Madrid; 2Infectious Diseases Department, Hospital Central de la Defensa Gomez Ulla, Madrid, SpainAbstract: The nasopharynx is the ecological niche where evolution towards resistance occurs in respiratory tract isolates. Dynamics of different bacterial populations in antibiotic-free multibacterial niches are the baseline that antibiotic treatments can alter by shifting the competitive balance in favor of resistant populations. For this reason, antibiotic resistance is increasingly being considered to be an ecological problem. Traditionally, resistance has implied the need for development of new antibiotics for which basic efficacy and safety data are required prior to licensing. Antibiotic development is mainly focused on demonstrating clinical efficacy and setting susceptibility breakpoints for efficacy prediction. However, additional information on pharmacodynamic data predicting absence of selection of resistance and of resistant subpopulations, and specific surveillance on resistance to core antibiotics (to detect emerging resistances and its link with antibiotic consumption in the community are valuable data in defining the role of a new antibiotic, not only from the perspective of its therapeutic potential but also from the ecologic perspective (countering resistances to core antibiotics in the community. The documented information on cefditoren gleaned from published studies in recent years is an example of the role for an emerging oral antibacterial facing current antibiotic resistance in community-acquired respiratory tract infections.Keywords: respiratory tract infection, antibiotic resistance, cefditoren, community

  4. Frequency of hepatitis 'C' in Buner, NWFP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To assess the frequency of hepatitis C in District Buner. Patients and Methods: A total of 16,400 patients of age between (15-70 years), who attended the outpatients department of Medical Unit at DHO, Daggar with non-specific symptoms of dyspepsia, heart burn, bloating, generalized body aches and pain in right hypochondrium were screened for anti-HCV anti-bodies by 3rd generation ELISA. PCR and abdominal ultrasound was also done. Standard treatment was also given. Risk factors were evaluated. Population of district was region wise divided into sectors A-D and then into subsectors. Results: Out of 16,400 patients, 751 were found positive for anti-HCV antibodies (4.57%). The mean age of the patients was 37 years. The youngest was 15 years while the oldest was 65 years. The frequency of hepatitis C was higher among the male, 409/751 (54.46%) as compared to female, 342/751 (45.53%). Hundred percent (751/751) had history of injections, 52/751 (6.92 %) had major surgery, 8/751 (1.06%) had blood transfusion, 73/751 (9.72%) had dental procedure, 3/751 (0.39%) had tattooing and 332/751 (44.20%) had shaving by community barbers. The highest prevalence of hepatitis C was found in sector A 1 (9.7%) and the lowest in sector D3 (0.5%). Conclusion: Hepatitis C is a common health problem in District Buner, and needs proper attention to alleviate the suffering of the people. It is essential to assess the magnitude of the problem, which will help us in understanding the dynamic of its transmission for control and prevention. (author)

  5. Wine consumers’ environmental knowledge and attitudes: Influence on willingness to purchase

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Barber

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Nelson Barber1, Christopher Taylor2, Sandy Strick31College of Human Sciences, Box 41240 Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, USA; 2School of Business, Eastern New Mexico University, Portales, NM, USA; 3School of Hotel, Restaurant, and Tourism Management, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USAAbstract: The last two decades have witnessed a dramatic increase in environmental consciousness worldwide. Consumers are now changing their behavior to integrate environmental considerations into lifestyle choices. This change includes consumers’ purchasing decisions based upon how well products satisfy their needs and how these products affect the natural environment. In some cases, consumers are willing to pay a premium for environmentally friendly products. Marketing professes to serve the benefit of the public by informing them of the availability of goods and services that will advance their quality of life. However, this is only true if marketing’s communication approach and methods of promotion aid in informing, educating, and channeling the needs of current and future consumers toward “green” products and services. Using wine as the product, the purpose of this study is to determine the relationship of a consumer’s involvement with a product and the environment, their knowledge of environmental issues and attitudes toward the environment, and their willingness to purchase the product. The results suggest personality segmentation, through selective marketing and redirecting of consumers needs and wants toward environmentally friendly wine products. For example, what wine consumers actually know about environmental wine issues is associated with their involvement with environmental issues more than what they self-assess they know about wine.Keywords: environmental knowledge, green products, wine

  6. Edificio de apartamentos Jardín del Atlántico Gran Canaria – España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    López Díaz, Luis

    1978-11-01

    Full Text Available This building is located in the Playa del Inglés, the central core of the Maspalomas tourist resort, and was built as an answer to the urgent need for accommodations imposed by the overwhelming tourist influx arriving in increasingly larger and numerous charter flights. The building (containing 334 units in its five stories, all of the same type and identically oriented is provided with all amenities and facilities normally found in the best of hotels, such as two bars, a restaurant, a shopping area with several stores, social rooms, dance hall, gymnasium, sauna bath, tennis courts, four large swimming pools, children's playground, beauty parlour and barber shop, large carpark, 15,000 m2 of landscaped area, etc., offering occupants a healthy, enjoyable and convenient environment.

    En la Playa del Inglés, núcleo central del complejo turístico de Maspalomas, se ha levantado este edificio de apartamentos como respuesta a la imperiosa necesidad hotelera, motivada por la masiva afluencia de turistas que se desplazan en los, cada vez más grandes y numerosos, vuelos charter. El edificio, que en sus cinco plantas de altura distribuye 334 apartamentos —todos ellos del mismo tipo y con idéntica orientación—, está dotado de todas las comodidades y atracciones que pudiera tener el más completo de los hoteles, tales como: dos bares, restaurante, zona comercial con diversas tiendas, salones sociales, sala de baile, gimnasio, sauna, cancha de tenis, cuatro grandes piscinas, parque infantil, peluquerías de señoras y caballeros, amplísimo aparcamiento para coches, 15.000 m2 de jardín, etc., que proporcionan a sus ocupantes una vida sana, amena y confortable.

  7. Risk Factors in Chronic Hepatitis B Infection: A Case-control Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed-Moayed Alavian

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: In order to evaluate some possible risk factors for the spread of hepatitis B infection, a case-control study was undertaken.Methods: The study population consisted of subjects who came to Karaj Hepatitis Center. All subjects who met the inclusion criteria were considered as having chronic hepatitis and comprised our case group. Risk factors were evaluated using a questionnaire. Backward conditional logistic regression analysis was used.Results: The case group consisted of 500 chronic subjects, and 434 subjects with negative tests for hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV comprised the control group. Age, male sex, marital status (being married, history of contact with hepatitis, extramarital sexual activity, IV-drug use, major surgery, experimental dentist visit and some jobs (police, barber, and driver were found to be independent risk factors of being chronically infected with hepatitis B virus (odds ratio: 0.9,2.3, 2.1, 8.9, 6.5, 5.4, 1.6, 1.8 and 2.3, respectively.Conclusions: It seems to be of great importance to pay more attention to certain jobs, life styles and cultural matters in Iran that predispose people to a number of risk factors so as to implement measures to control HBV spread. Despite existence of a long list of risk factors, different epidemiological studies with alternative methodologies accompanied by meta-analysis of risk factors in each separate area seems to be helpful in providing information about transmission routes and surveillance of hepatitis B infection

  8. CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE HISTORY OF BOTANY AND EXPLORATION IN MALAYSIA—7

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. C. D. DE WIT

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Barchewitz reached the islet of Leti, in the southwestern Moluccas, on September 2, 1714; he returned to Europe in September 1720, having represented the East India Company on Leti for six years. Like so many of his contemporaries he wrote a book on his life's adventures. This work appeared in 1730 and proved a success. A second, slightly enlarged, edition followed in 1751, entitled "Neu-vermehrte Ost-Indianische Reise- Beschreibung." Barchewitz is the earliest author on the natural history of Leti and -he paid attention to a number of plants. The present note is mainly a survey of the botany contained in his book. Ernst Christoph Barchewitz was born at the close of the 17th century at Grosz-Sommerda near Erfurt. He was bound apprentice to a tawer at Erfurt but soon preferred to travel ("Wanderschaft" with his brother to Holland. He visited the larger towns, learned at the Hague the art of dressing and the barber's craft, and became the valet de chambre of the Imperial Ambassador, Baron von Heems, whom he accompanied to Austria and the southern Netherlands. He ended his service at Delft Where he enlisted with the East India Company. As a soldier he embarked at Hellevoetsluis on the "Voorburg," sailing April 1, 1711. The treatment on board he judged to be fair; his only objection was that he had to drink water whereas wine would have seemed very suitable. After a stay at Batavia (December 20, 1711 till January 29, 1712, he was garrisoned on Banda, where he remained till August 15, 1714. He left when he was appointed Corporal of Leti. The following pertains to the second edition of Barchewitz's book, the pages referred to are cited between brackets. All quotations have been translated.

  9. Further delineation of the KAT6B molecular and phenotypic spectrum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gannon, Tamsin; Perveen, Rahat; Schlecht, Hélene; Ramsden, Simon; Anderson, Beverley; Kerr, Bronwyn; Day, Ruth; Banka, Siddharth; Suri, Mohnish; Berland, Siren; Gabbett, Michael; Ma, Alan; Lyonnet, Stan; Cormier-Daire, Valerie; Yilmaz, Rüstem; Borck, Guntram; Wieczorek, Dagmar; Anderlid, Britt-Marie; Smithson, Sarah; Vogt, Julie; Moore-Barton, Heather; Simsek-Kiper, Pelin Ozlem; Maystadt, Isabelle; Destrée, Anne; Bucher, Jessica; Angle, Brad; Mohammed, Shehla; Wakeling, Emma; Price, Sue; Singer, Amihood; Sznajer, Yves; Toutain, Annick; Haye, Damien; Newbury-Ecob, Ruth; Fradin, Melanie; McGaughran, Julie; Tuysuz, Beyhan; Tein, Mark; Bouman, Katelijne; Dabir, Tabib; Van den Ende, Jenneke; Luk, Ho Ming; Pilz, Daniela T; Eason, Jacqueline; Davies, Sally; Reardon, Willie; Garavelli, Livia; Zuffardi, Orsetta; Devriendt, Koen; Armstrong, Ruth; Johnson, Diana; Doco-Fenzy, Martine; Bijlsma, Emilia; Unger, Sheila; Veenstra-Knol, Hermine E; Kohlhase, Jürgen; Lo, Ivan F M; Smith, Janine; Clayton-Smith, Jill

    2015-09-01

    KAT6B sequence variants have been identified previously in both patients with the Say-Barber-Biesecker type of blepharophimosis mental retardation syndromes (SBBS) and in the more severe genitopatellar syndrome (GPS). We report on the findings in a previously unreported group of 57 individuals with suggestive features of SBBS or GPS. Likely causative variants have been identified in 34/57 patients and were commonly located in the terminal exons of KAT6B. Of those where parental samples could be tested, all occurred de novo. Thirty out of thirty-four had truncating variants, one had a missense variant and the remaining three had the same synonymous change predicted to affect splicing. Variants in GPS tended to occur more proximally to those in SBBS patients, and genotype/phenotype analysis demonstrated significant clinical overlap between SBBS and GPS. The de novo synonymous change seen in three patients with features of SBBS occurred more proximally in exon 16. Statistical analysis of clinical features demonstrated that KAT6B variant-positive patients were more likely to display hypotonia, feeding difficulties, long thumbs/great toes and dental, thyroid and patella abnormalities than KAT6B variant-negative patients. The few reported patients with KAT6B haploinsufficiency had a much milder phenotype, though with some features overlapping those of SBBS. We report the findings in a previously unreported patient with a deletion of the KAT6B gene to further delineate the haploinsufficiency phenotype. The molecular mechanisms giving rise to the SBBS and GPS phenotypes are discussed. PMID:25424711

  10. Liquid-liquid extraction based on a new flow pattern: Two-fluid Taylor-Couette flow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baier, Gretchen

    The exploitation of flow instabilities that can occur in rotating flows is investigated as a new approach to liquid extraction. Two immiscible liquids are radially stratified by centrifugal force in the annulus between corotating coaxial cylinders. The inner cylinder is rotated above a critical speed to form Taylor vortices in one or both of the fluids. This flow pattern produces a relatively small amount interfacial surface area that is of highly active for interphase mass transfer. Continuous processing is also possible with the addition of countercurrent axial flow. The present study includes: (1)A review of aqueous- aqueous and reversed micelle extraction techniques, the commercially available centrifugal extractors, and one fluid Taylor-Couette flow and its variations. (2)A theoretical analysis to predict the onset of the two- fluid Taylor-Couette instability in the presence of countercurrent axial flow. (3)Theoretical predictions for interphase mass transfer using penetration theory and computational fluid dynamics. (4)The demonstration of two-fluid Taylor-Couette flow with countercurrent axial flow in the laboratory, including: (1) fluid mechanics studies to determine the onset of vortices, and (2) mass transfer studies to characterize intraphase and interphase mass transfer. The agreement between the experiments and theory is good for both the fluid mechanics and the mass transfer. Furthermore, the extraction performance is quite promising with the mass transfer coefficient approximately proportional to the vortex strength. Even higher extraction efficiencies should be obtainable with even larger relative rotation rates or cylinder modification to promote vortex formation. Besides two-fluid Taylor-Couette flow, other instabilities can also occur. With low viscosity fluids at low rotation rates, the ``barber pole'' pattern is observed experimentally and is believed to be a lingering gravitational effect. At high countercurrent axial flowrates, the linear

  11. The SOFeX Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coale, K. H.

    2002-12-01

    The SOFeX Group is comprised of the following institutions and individuals, all of whose participation resulted in a successful experiment. Moss Landing Marine Laboratories: K. Coale, C. Hunter, M. Gordon, S. Tanner, W. Wang, N. Ladizinsky, D. Cooper, G. Smith, J. Brewster; Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute: K. Johnson, F. Chavez, S. Fitzwater, P. Strutton, G. Elrod, Z. Chase, E. Drake, J. Plant; Oregon State University: B. Hales, J. Barth, L.Bandstra, P. Covert, D. Hubbard, J. Jennings, S. Pierce, E. Scholz; Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory: T. Takahashi; Duke University: R. Barber, V. Lance, D. Stube, A. Hilting, M. Hiscock, A. Apprill, C. Van Hilst, ; Virginia Institute of Marine Science: W. Smith, H. Ducklow, L. Delizo, J. Oliver, E. Bailey, J. Peloquin, R. Daniels, J. Bauer; University Of Hawaii: M. Landry, R. Bidigare, S. Brown, N. Cassar, B. Twining, K. Selph, C. Sheridan; NOAA Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory: R. Wanninkhof, K. Sullivan, C. Neill; University of Miami: F. Millero, X. Zhu, W. Hiscock, V. Koehler, A. Cabrera; University of Calif. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory: J. Bishop, T. Wood, C. Guay, P. Lam; Rutgers University: P. Falkowski, Z. Kolber, R. Nicolayson, S. Tozzi, M. Gorbunov, M. Koblizek; University of Massachusets: M. Altabet, M. McIlvan, D. Timothy; New Mexico Tech.: Oliver Wingenter; San Francisco State Univ. - Romberg Tiburon Center: W. Cochlan, J. Herndon; University of Calif. Santa Cruz: R. Kudela, A. Roberts; Univ. of Calif. Santa Barbara: M. Brezinski, J. Jones, M. Demarest; Massachusets Inst. of Technology: S. Chisolm, Z. Johnson; Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute: K. Buesseler, J. Andrews, G. Crossin, S. Pike, J. Tegeder, C. Herbold, K. Mahoney, M.Coggeshell ; University of East Anglia: L. Houghton, L. Goldson, A. Watson, J. Ledwell; Institute of Marine Research, Kiel: Peter Croot; University of Otago: R. Frew, E. Abraham, P. Boyd.

  12. Semi-Empirical Dipole Moment Function of X^{1}Σ^{+} CO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Gang; Gordon, Iouli E.; Rothman, Laurence S.

    2013-06-01

    A new dipole moment function (DMF) for the ground X^{1}Σ^{+} electronic states of carbon monoxide (CO) has been obtained using a direct fit approach that fits the best available and appropriately weighted experimental line intensity data for individual ro-vibrational transitions. This method was recently successfully applied to HF, HCl, HBr and HI molecules. The new dipole moment function benefits from the use of new accurate and extensive experimental data. Also our method allows proper weighting of the data as well as not being dependent on the amount of measured transitions within a band. Combining the newly developed (taking into account the most recent experiments) empirical potential energy functions and the DMF, line positions and line intensities of CO and their isotopologues have been calculated numerically using program LEVEL. In addition, new semi-empirical algorithms for assigning line-shape parameters and line shifts for these species have been developed. Using these improvements, new line lists for CO were created to update the HITRAN spectroscopic database. G. Li, I.E. Gordon, R.J. Le Roy, P.G. Hajigeorgiou, J.A. Coxon, P.F. Bernath, and L.S. Rothman, ``Reference spectroscopic data for Hydrogen Halides. Part I: Construction and Validation of the Ro-vibrational Dipole Moment Functions,'' JQSRT 2013 (In Press). R. Le Roy, ``LEVEL. 8.0 ed2007'' University of Waterloo Chemical Physics Research Report CP-663 (2007). L.S. Rothman, I.E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D.Chris Benner, P.F. Bernath, et al, ``The HITRAN 2008 Molecular Spectroscopic Database,'' JQSRT 110, 532-572 (2009). L.S. Rothman, I.E. Gordon, R.J. Barber, H. Dothe, R.R. Gamache, A. Goldman, V. Perevalov, S.A. Tashkun, and J. Tennyson, ``HITEMP, the high-temperature molecular spectroscopic database,'' JQSRT 111, 2139-2150 (2010).

  13. Empire’s Mastheads: Rewriting the “Correspondents’ War” from the Edge of Empire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Berkey

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This essay recovers a forgotten moment in the print culture history of US empire by examining a handful of newspapers and periodicals—American Soldier, Manila Outpost, Soldier’s Letter, Co. F Enterprise, and Volunteer—that were founded and written by and for US soldiers in the Philippines and Cuba. Unlike their more famous stateside counterparts who produced the “correspondents’ war” and trafficked in national culture’s romantic sensationalism, soldier-correspondents mapped the everyday culture of their imperial community, reporting on ordinary, everyday events of daily life in the imperial outpost like baseball games, debate clubs, popular barbers, robberies, sanitation violations, mail deliveries, and local advertisements. Such publications revise and remediate the dominant romantic ideology of empire at the turn of the century, creating an imagined community of empire far different from that produced by the “correspondents’ war.” Revising the romantic paradigm into an alternative narrative of everyday habit, ordinary routine, and mundane desire, soldier-newspapers produce a flat account of empire that endows the project of empire-building with a sense of the mundane and the nonheroic. This quotidianizing of empire not only conceals the violent realities of imperial encounter behind the dull shimmer of newsprint, but also remodels the romantic spaces of the public’s imperial imagination into the familiar spaces of everyday life, a process that normalizes empire as a way of life for soldiers.

  14. Operational Curves for HTGR's Coupled to Closed Brayton Cycle Power Conversion Systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gas Cooled Reactors (GCR) that drive Closed Brayton Cycle (CBC) systems are being evaluated by the Department of Energy (DOE) Next Generation Program for high-efficiency electricity generation. This paper describes the operational performance of measured and predicted closed Brayton cycles. The measured results were obtained from an electrically driven closed Brayton cycle test loop that Sandia fabricated and has operating within the laboratories. The predicted behavior is based on integrated dynamic system models that are capable of predicting both the transient and steady state behavior of reactor driven Brayton cycle systems. Sandia contracted Barber Nichols Corporation to modify a Capstone C30 open-cycle Brayton engine so that it could be operated in a closed loop. We are currently operating the test loop to validate the models and to study control issues. Operation of the test-loop and developing the system models has allowed Sandia to develop and validate a set of tools and models that are being used to determine how nuclear reactors operate with gas turbine power conversion systems. Both measured and modeled operational performance curves will be presented to show how the electrical load (or power generated) varies as a function of shaft speed for various turbine inlet temperatures and for a fixed fill gas inventory. The measured and modeled behavior of the test loop both reveal the non-linear nature of the reactor and Brayton cycle loop because for a fixed electrical load there are two shaft speeds that can produce this steady-state power. Closer examination of the system of equations shows that only one of these steady-state solutions is dynamically stable. An active electronic control system will be required to operate at the more efficient but dynamically unstable point, and some means of controlling the flow via inventory control or bypass flow valves will also be required. (authors)

  15. Limited subsolidus diffusion in type B1 CAI: Evidence from Ti distribution in spinel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meeker, G. P.; Quick, J. E.; Paque, Julie M.

    1993-01-01

    Most models of calcium aluminum-rich inclusions (CAI) have focused on early stages of formation by equilibrium crystallization of a homogeneous liquid. Less is known about the subsolidus cooling history of CAI. Chemical and isotopic heterogeneties on a scale of tens to hundreds of micrometers (e.g. MacPherson et al. (1989) and Podosek, et al. (1991)) suggest fairly rapid cooling with a minimum of subsolidus diffusion. However, transmission electron microscopy indicates that solid state diffusion may have been an important process at a smaller scale (Barber et al. 1984). If so, chemical evidence for diffusion could provide constraints on cooling times and temperatures. With this in mind, we have begun an investigation of the Ti distribution in spinels from two type B1 CAI from Allende to determine if post-crystallization diffusion was a significant process. The type B1 CAIs, 3529Z and 5241 have been described by Podosek et al. (1991) and by El Goresy et al. (1985) and MacPherson et al. (1989). We have analyzed spinels in these inclusions using the electron microprobe. These spinels are generally euhedral, range in size from less than 10 to 15 micron and are poikilitically enclosed by millimeter-sized pyroxene, melilite, and anorthite. Analyses were obtained from both the mantles and cores of the inclusions. Compositions of pyroxene in the vicinity of individual spinel grains were obtained by analyzing at least two points on opposite sides of the spinel and averaging the compositions. The pyroxene analyses were obtained within 15 microns of the spinel-pyroxene interface. No compositional gradients were observed within single spinel crystals. Ti concentrations in spinels included within pyroxene, melilite, and anorthite are presented.

  16. Treatment by bloodletting in the past and present

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Čolović Nataša

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Therapeutic bloodletting has been practiced at least 3000 years as one of the most frequent methods of treatment in general, whose value was not questioned until the 19th century, when it was gradually abandoned in Western medicine, while it is still practiced in Arabic and traditional Chinese medicine. Content. In modern medicine bloodletting is practiced for very few indications. Its concept was modeled on the process of menstrual bleeding, for which it was believed to “purge women of bad humours.” Thus, bloodletting was based more on the belief that it helps in the reestablishment of proper balance of body “humours” than on the opinion that it serves to remove excessive amount of blood as well as to remove toxic “pneumas” that accumulate in human body. It was indicated for almost all known diseases, even in the presence of severe anemia. Bloodletting was carried out by scarification with cupping, by phlebotomies (venesections, rarely by arteriotomies, using specific instruments called lancets, as well as leeches. In different periods of history bloodletting was practiced by priests, doctors, barbers, and even by amateurs. In most cases, between one half of liter and two liters of blood used to be removed. Bloodletting was harmful to vast majority of patients and in some of them it is believed that it was either fatal or that it strongly contributed to such outcome. In the 20th century in the “Western” medicine bloodletting was still practiced in the treatment of hypertension and in severe cardiac insufficiency and pulmonary edema, but these indications were later abandoned. Conclusion. Bloodletting is still indicated for a few indications such as polycythemia, haemochromatosis, and porphyria cutanea tarda, while leeches are still used in plastic surgery, replantation and other reconstructive surgery, and very rarely for other specific indications.

  17. Diseño del curso en línea: trabajo interdisciplinario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Elena Salas Soto

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este artículo es ofrecer a los diseñadores de cursos en línea elementos a consi-derar en la elaboración de este tipo de cursos, dado que ésta es una tarea, la cual involucra aportes en tres dimensiones: la programación de la plataforma que asume funciones tecnológicas; la confección del curso en línea que requiere de fundamentos educativos y curriculares y la puesta en práctica del curso, la cual es mediada por un tutor o facilitador.El trabajo se organiza en cuatro apartados: el primero se relaciona con la temática del campus virtual, sus funciones y características; especial mención merece el concepto de campus virtual y el uso dado a esta herramienta. Un segundo apartado corresponde al diseño del curso en línea, el cual presenta información acerca de los ambientes virtuales de aprendizaje. El tercer punto describe elementos de la programación de la plataforma en correspondencia con el diseño del curso en línea y por último, el cuarto tema ofrece lineamientos al tutor para mediar el curso en línea. La información se sustenta desde la perspectiva teórica de estudios en este campo como Area et al. (2001; Herrera (s.f. a,b; Cenich et al. (2005; Kanuka (2005; Juárez et. al (2003; Picciano (2002; Anderson (2001; Barberà et al. (2001; Cabero et al. (2000 y Dorado (1996.

  18. Prevalence of Hepatitis B Virus, Hepatitis C Virus, and HIV in Overseas Job Seekers of Bangladesh with the Possible Routes of Transmission.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jobayer, M; Chowdhury, S S; Shamsuzzaman, S M; Islam, M S

    2016-07-01

    Hepatitis and AIDS are major public health problem globally. The aim of this study was to determine the sero-prevalence of hepatitis B, C virus and HIV infection among Bangladeshi overseas job seekers. This cross sectional study was carried out in the Department of Microbiology of Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh from February 2013 to August 2013. A total of 2254 adult (18-45 years) male job seekers to Malaysia attending for health check up were enrolled. HBsAg, Anti-HCV, Anti-HIV were detected from venous blood by ELISA method using commercial kits. From the positive people, further history and information were collected by predesigned questionnaire. Prevalence of HBV was 2.35%, HCV was 0.13% and none was found positive for HIV. Prevalence of hepatitis was higher in the age group of 21-30 year and infection was more prevalent in married group. No significant relationship was found between hepatitis infection and religion, localities, profession. Only a few cases had history of possible major known route of transmission of virus. But most of them had history of taking injection or sharing blades in barber shop and history of circumcision. About 96% population had no history of hepatitis B vaccination. None was co-infected with HBV and HCV. Prevalence of hepatitis B virus infection in adult population appears to be on decline and hepatitis C and HIV infection is still low in Bangladesh. In majority of the positive person, routes of transmission of viruses were not well established. PMID:27612902

  19. How Long Does the Pilgrimage Tourism Experience to Santiago de Compostela Last?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucrezia Lopez

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Tourism and pilgrimage are different social phenomena (Cohen, 1992; Collins-Kreiner, 2010a; tourism is more secular than pilgrimage, which is mainly a sacred journey (Barber, 2001. In spite of this, both indicate a ‘movement’; so that tourists and pilgrims are ‘foreigners, travellers and strangers’ (Smith, 1992 who look for authentic experiences (Collins-Kreiner, 2010a. The question: ‘What kind of Experience Pilgrimage is?’ has many answers. From a social point of view, pilgrims are free from social obligations; they share the same destination and the same social status. Because of this, the anthropologists Turner and Turner (1978 defined pilgrimage as an anti-structural experience that subverts the established order of things. Furthermore, pilgrimages are both liminal and inclusive experiences, as the sense of communitas (Turner and Turner, 1978 facilitates social relations and produces social safety (Bauman, 2001. Finally, the emotional dimension of pilgrimage experiences changes according to behavioural patterns. Based on these assumptions, pilgrimages are unique experiences. Because of contemporary transformations and the increasing use of the term ‘pilgrimage’ in secular contexts (Collins-Kreiner, 2010a, the geography of pilgrimages must investigate how pilgrimage experiences change. This contribution analyses pilgrimage experiences according to a key aspect: human cognition; for this reason, the essay presents a phenomenological methodological approach (Lopez, 2013. The chief sources are records of pilgrims who went to one of the most representative sites for Christian religion: Santiago de Compostela. The examination regards the above-mentioned dimensions and the way in which pilgrims ‘live the space’. It aims to reveal that the ‘essence’ of pilgrimage tourism experiences does not disappear when the pilgrim returns to his or her everyday life. As a matter of fact, his or her everyday life is marked by the

  20. Some Nonlinear Reconstruction Algorithms for Electrical Impedance Tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berryman, J G

    2001-03-09

    An impedance camera [Henderson and Webster, 1978; Dines and Lytle, 1981]--or what is now more commonly called electrical impedance tomography--attempts to image the electrical impedance (or just the conductivity) distribution inside a body using electrical measurements on its boundary. The method has been used successfully in both biomedical [Brown, 1983; Barber and Brown, 1986; J. C. Newell, D. G. Gisser, and D. Isaacson, 1988; Webster, 1990] and geophysical applications [Wexler, Fry, and Neurnan, 1985; Daily, Lin, and Buscheck, 1987], but the analysis of optimal reconstruction algorithms is still progressing [Murai and Kagawa, 1985; Wexler, Fry, and Neurnan, 1985; Kohn and Vogelius, 1987; Yorkey and Webster, 1987; Yorkey, Webster, and Tompkins, 1987; Berryman and Kohn, 1990; Kohn and McKenney, 1990; Santosa and Vogelius, 1990; Yorkey, 1990]. The most common application is monitoring the influx or efflux of a highly conducting fluid (such as brine in a porous rock or blood in the human body) through the volume being imaged. For biomedical applications, this met hod does not have the resolution of radiological methods, but it is comparatively safe and inexpensive and therefore provides a valuable alternative when continuous monitoring of a patient or process is desired. The following discussion is intended first t o summarize the physics of electrical impedance tomography, then to provide a few details of the data analysis and forward modeling requirements, and finally to outline some of the reconstruction algorithms that have proven to be most useful in practice. Pointers to the literature are provided throughout this brief narrative and the reader is encouraged to explore the references for more complete discussions of the various issues raised here.

  1. Hepatitis C virus infection at Sharkia Governorate, Egypt: seroprevalence and associated risk factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    el-Sadawy, Mahmoud; Ragab, Hosnia; el-Toukhy, Hanan; el-Mor, Abd el-Latif; Mangoud, Amal M; Eissa, Mostafa H; Afefy, Afefy F; el-Shorbagy, Eman; Ibrahem, Ibrahem A; Mahrous, Seham; Abdel-Monem, Amal; Sabee, Essam I; Ismail, Alaa; Morsy, Tosson A; Etewa, Samia; Nor Edin, Essam; Mostafa, Yousry; Abouel-Magd, Yousry; Hassan, Mostafa I; Lakouz, Khalid; Abdel-Aziz, Khalid; el-Hady, Gaber; Saber, Mahmoud

    2004-04-01

    Because many persons with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are asymptomatic, population based serologic studies are needed to estimate the prevalence of infection and to develop and evaluate prevention efforts. A sample of 1422 individuals was included in the study by using multistage sampling technique. Their age ranged from 4-78 years with a mean age (34.7 +/- 18.5), 782 were males (55%) and 640 were females (45%). Exposures and demographic characteristics were obtained through a predesigned questionnaire. Antibody to HCV was assessed using micro-particle enzyme immunoassay (MEIA) enzyme assay by IMX, and the HCV RNA was tested by Real-time PCR technique using ABI Prism 7700 system. The seroprevalence of antibodies to HCV were 23.4% and 27.4% in urban and rural areas respectively, with an overall prevalence (25.8%). This reflects prior HCV infection but not necessarily a current liver disease. Prevalence was higher among males than females and increased sharply with age, from 4.8% in those or = 40 years). Those who were not educated and farmers had a significantly high prevalence. The significant predictors of HCV infection were previous parenteral therapy for schistosomiasis (OR = 4.3, 95% CI = 3.6-7.9), among those over 20 years of age (3.5, 2.18-5.8), blood transfusion (4.1, 2.4-6.9), invasive procedures (surgery and endoscopy), and use of contaminated syringes and needles. Also, shaving at community barbers added significance to the model. Exposures not significantly related to HCV seropositivity were gender, active infection with Schistosoma mansoni, sutures or intravenous and urinary catheterization, water pipe "goza" smoking in group. PMID:15124747

  2. The Current Situation and Countermeasures of Public Health Supervision%太仓市公共场所卫生监督现状与对策分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胥联合

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the analysis of public health supervision status and countermeasures. Methods The analysis summarized from March 2009 to May 2015 to carry out the city's public health supervision,and analyzed and summarized,to summarize for the problem management approach. Results In terms of the city's hotel industry,barber profession,industry and other public bathrooms were more loopholes and shortcomings,hence they had a huge need for the reform program and the corresponding improvement measures. Conclusion After the rectification of the reform program,the entire public health oversight has been significantly improved,so the need for further improvement and treatment.%目的:探究分析公共场所卫生监督现状与对策分析。方法分析总结2009年3月~2015年5月我市开展公共场所卫生监督工作的情况,并进行分析总结,针对问题进行管理办法的归纳。结果我市在旅店业、理发行业、公共浴室行业等方面均存在较多漏洞和不足,因此需要进行相对应的整改方案和改进措施。结论经整改方案整改后,整个公共场所卫生监督情况得到改善,因此需要进一步进行改进和处理。

  3. A simple and efficient formula for saving electric energy in lighting systems; Una formula sencilla y eficaz para ahorrar energia electrica en sistemas de iluminacion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Figueroa Noriega, L. R. [Fideicomiso de Apoyo al Programa de Ahorro de Energia del Sector Electrico, Mexico, D. F. (Mexico)

    1995-12-31

    In the Metropolitan Area of Mexico City, as well as in other regions with a similar climate, there are an important number of users of the electric energy service, whose main load consists of lighting, since systems such as environmental conditioning, refrigeration, pumping and others are either not necessary or lack of importance as electric energy consumers. These are classified in the range of small users that altogether represent a significant saving, but the precarious diffusion of the technological advances have not contemplated the need of carrying on corrective actions. Among these users are the offices, sites of entertainment and a range of commerces and services such as clothing stores, pharmacies, shoe stores, printing shops, dry cleaner`s, restaurants, barber shops, etc. The present paper pretends to provide a simple methodology easy to carry on, derived form a demonstrative project that FIDE (Fideicomiso de Apoyo al Programa de Ahorro de Energia del Sector Electrico) successfully carried out for the Club Deportivo Berinbau. [Espanol] En el area Metropolitana de la ciudad de Mexico, asi como en otras regiones con clima similar, existe un numero importante de usuarios del servicio de energia electrica cuya carga principal consiste en iluminacion, ya que sistemas como acondicionamiento ambiental, refrigeracion, bombeo y otros, o bien no son necesarios o carecen de la importancia en cuanto a consumo de energia electrica. Estos se catalogan dentro del rango de pequenos usuarios que en conjunto representan un potencial de ahorro significativo pero que, debido a la precaria difusion de los adelantos tecnologicos, no han contemplado la posibilidad de llevar a cabo acciones correctivas. Entre estos usuarios se encuentran oficinas, lugares de esparcimiento, planteles educativos y una gama de comercios y servicios como tiendas de ropa, farmacias, zapaterias, imprentas, tintorerias, restaurantes, peluquerias, etc. El presente trabajo pretende proporcionarles una

  4. Los dueños del rebaño. Origen étnico y capacidad ovina en Chubut

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Coronato

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Continuando la línea de investigación inaugurada por Elsa Barbería en “Los dueños de la tierra” en Santa Cruz, avanzamos sobre la distribución de las diferentes comunidades étnicas y su parte en el poblamiento patagónico a partir del análisis cartográfico diacrónico. Para el último período del proceso utilizamos la base de datos del catastro del Chubut (2006 para evaluar « la capacidad ganadera» (entendida como la acumulación de hectáreas y ovinos de cada comunidad étnica. Estas fueron asociadas a los grupos patronímicos identificados previamente, a saber: alemán, bóer, británico (inglés y escocés, español, francés, galés, italiano, mapuche, polaco, tehuelche y vasco. Las Sociedades Anónimas se consideraron como un grupo aparte. Del tratamiento estadístico de los datos se obtuvo la superficie media de las (más de 2000 propiedades, la talla media del rebaño y la cosecha de lana de cada grupo, detectándose diferencias significativas entre algunos de ellos. Las Sociedades Anónimas se despegan solitarias hacia los latifundios, mientras que en el extremo opuesto se ubican los grupos aborígenes, arrinconados en los minifundios y la subsistencia. Estos datos relativamente actuales muestran la continuidad de los procesos identificados en el análisis catastral de etapas previas del poblamiento que se remontan a más de un siglo.

  5. Spondarthritis hyperostotica pustulo-psoriatica - Review and a clinical-radiological study with special emphasis on SAPHO syndrome

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spondarthritis hyperostotica pustulo-psoriatica (Spond.hyp.pp-Schilling), corresponding nosologically to pustulotic arthroosteitis, is a dermato-skeletal 'double system' disease of adults. It consists of the triad (a) palmo-plantar pustulosis (Ppp) or, alternatively, Koenigsbeck-Barber-type psoriasis, (b) sternocostoclavicular hyperostosis (SCCH), and (c) truncal-skeletal changes with syndesmophite-like, hyperostotic and/or parasyndesmophite-like ossifications of layers of the anterior vertebral ligament taken together in the sense of a desmophytal hyperostosis. There is also a potential for sclerosing inflammatory arthritis of the sacro-iliac joints and 'dry' inflammatory arthritis of the sacro-iliac joints and 'dry' inflammatory arthritis of peripheral joints. Thus, the pustulo-psoriatic terrain seems to have a decisive influence on osseous pathology. A total of 38 cases from a study during the years 1982 to 1992 is analysed with regard to morphological characteristics. Rare cases with diaphyseal and pelvic hyperostotic lesions subsequent to bland sclerosing osteomyelitis constitute an overlapping region to chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) and illustrate the relationship between hyperostotic spondarthritis and CRMO. The syndromes of 'acquired hyperostosis' and 'SAPHO', the former more radiologically oriented and the latter more clinically oriented, together with mainly CRMO and hyperostotic spondarthritis and its forms, constitute the 'Spond.hyp.pp.'. Although hyperostosis is a guidepost for the radiologist and SAPHO symptoms are one for the clinician, the syndrome does not represent a diagnosis by itself and requires further differentiation. In this report the entity 'Spond.hyp.pp.' is considered and requires contributions from rheumatologically and osteologically oriented radiologist. (orig.)

  6. Opposition to Enacting a Written Constitution%在当前英国,我们反对制定成文宪法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尼古拉斯·巴伯; 朱铮(译)

    2015-01-01

    Since the implementation of the Human Rights Act 1998, the British Constitution has been confronting with challenges both at home and abroad.At home, the judiciary was allowed to make a"declaration of incompatibility", which makes the Parliament to follow and change incompatible primary legislation.In so doing, the judicial power has been enlarged and has evolved to threaten the Parliamentary Sovereignty principle.Thus, there have been voices appealing to re-peal the Human Rights Act 1998 and curtail the judicial power.Besides, fixed-term Parliaments, the House of Commons′right to decide on military action, and an elected House of Lords are all high-profile issues taken as impetuses for further constitutional reform.In the realm of the European Union, more often than not, its inconsistent legislation as that of the UK′s, along with the European Courts′controversial judgments, has aroused big controversies and made some scholars to come up with a proposal to enact a written constitution for the UK.After reflecting on these issues, Nick Barber argues that it runs the risk to tie unconnected changes together, for the unpopular reforms may not have passed, had each separate ele-ment been separately debated.In addition, certain conventions can hardly be set out in a written constitution, and it is even harder for them to be turned into a court-enforced law.Perversely, a written constitution with the provisions legally unen-forceable is of little utility.Furthermore, Barber concludes that the′ambiguity′feature of the British constitution allows to smooth the relationship among the royals and the Prime Minister, as well as the Prime Minister and the Ministers.It also sets aside the quarrels in respect of the European Parliament′s sovereignty effect in the UK, thereby making the different voices heard within the current constitution.On the whole, Barber asserts, Britain′s constitution has been a success, espe-cially at the moment when the old constitution has

  7. Browning boreal forests of western North America

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verbyla, David

    2011-12-01

    The GIMMS NDVI dataset has been widely used to document a 'browning trend' in North American boreal forests (Goetz et al 2005, Bunn et al 2007, Beck and Goetz 2011). However, there has been speculation (Alcaraz-Segura et al 2010) that this trend may be an artifact due to processing algorithms rather than an actual decline in vegetation activity. This conclusion was based primarily on the fact that GIMMS NDVI did not capture NDVI recovery within most burned areas in boreal Canada, while another dataset consistently showed post-fire increasing NDVI. I believe that the results of Alcaraz-Segura et al (2010) were due simply to different pixel sizes of the two datasets (64 km2 versus 1 km2 pixels). Similar results have been obtained from tundra areas greening in Alaska, with the results simply due to these pixel size differences (Stow et al 2007). Furthermore, recent studies have documented boreal browning trends based on NDVI from other sensors. Beck and Goetz (2011) have shown the boreal browning trend derived from a different sensor (MODIS) to be very similar to the boreal browning trend derived from the GIMMS NDVI dataset for the circumpolar boreal region. Parent and Verbyla (2010) found similar declining NDVI patterns based on NDVI from Landsat sensors and GIMMS NDVI in boreal Alaska. Zhang et al (2008) found a similar 'browning trend' in boreal North America based on a production efficiency model using an integrated AVHRR and MODIS dataset. The declining NDVI trend in areas of boreal North America is consistent with tree-ring studies (D'Arrigo et al 2004, McGuire et al 2010, Beck et al 2011). The decline in tree growth may be due to temperature-induced drought stress (Barber et al 2000) caused by higher evaporative demands in a warming climate (Lloyd and Fastie 2002). In a circumpolar boreal study, Lloyd and Bunn (2007) found that a negative relationship between temperature and tree-ring growth occurred more frequently in warmer parts of species' ranges

  8. Doctors and baldness: a five thousand year old challenge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campo, Daniele; D'Acunzo, Valeria

    2016-02-01

    The history of trichology follows a thread that continually intersects with that of the history of medicine in general. Even Hippocrates believed that the approach to baldness should be of a medical nature. This confrontation between doctors and hair loss, which has lasted for five thousand years, begins with the invocations of the head physicians in the Egyptian era and ends with the recent institution of postgraduate Master's degrees at Faculties of Medicine and Surgery. The biggest names in medicine concerned themselves with trichology beginning with Hippocrates, who dealt with the topic in his most famous work: the Aphorisms. Even the most celebrated doctors of the Roman era, such as Galen and Pliny the Elder, did not disdain considering hair loss, leaving important scientific contributions before passing on the baton to their distinguished colleagues of the Byzantine Empire. The narrative then flows through the most prestigious institutions of the Middle Ages, such as the Salerno School of Medicine and the Siena Accademia del Fisiocritici where, at the end of the 1600s, the distinguished anatomical describer Marcello Malpighi also taught trichology, and left his contribution to "Hair Science" with a fine description of the hair follicle in the pages of his Opera Posthuma. At the turn of the late Middle Ages and the early modern era, barbers formed the primordial nucleus of surgery and at the same time became the ones to concern themselves with hair loss. In the 1800s, several doctors published the first texts dealing with the anatomy and physiology of the hair and taking into account the principal forms of alopecia, but at the therapeutic level did not yet propose anything scientifically valid. Until a few decades ago trichology still lent itself to various commercial speculations. It was not until the twentieth century that the pathogenetic mechanisms of baldness were clarified in a scientific manner. With this knowledge, the pharmaceutical industry has been

  9. Nutritional status, dietary habits and social and health profile of home meal service users for elderly of Vitoria-Gasteiz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Gómez-Busto

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The home meals service (HMS is a little-developed resource in the Basque Country, and is dependent on social services. The aim of this study is to establish the nutritional status, eating habits and main social and healthcare characteristics of the users of this service.Material and Methods: A descriptive and transversal study carried out in 2 phases: (a phase 1: an assessment of nutritional status and eating habits using an abbreviated version of the Mini Nutritional Assessment and a questionnaire on food consumption. (b phase 2: the assessment of the dependency risk at home and quality of life related to health by means of Barber and EuroQoL-5D questionnaires.Results: Eighty users (35 men, 45 women fulfilled the criteria for inclusion; average age: 83.62 years (± 5.53. Nutritional status: the prevalence of malnutrition was 11% and that of risk of malnutrition 39%. Eating habits: the meal provided guaranteed a minimal provision of legumes, pasta, rice or potatoes (once or twice a week, fish (once or twice a week, and meat (three or four times a week. In spite of this, the frequency of consumption of vegetables, fish, rice, eggs or meat was less than recommended in over 70% of the group. Social and healthcare profile: 127 users (60 men, 67 women took part; average age: 83.82 years (± 6.17. Barber’s questionnaire: living alone: 48%; housebound through illness: 20%. Poor hearing: 44%; poor sight: 34%; although: 30% needed help, 95% were receiving support. EuroQoL-5D: Serious problems reported: 4.7% had difficulties with mobility; 7.9% with personal care; 23.6% had problems with carrying out daily activities; 15% reported pain or discomfort; 3.9% anxiety/depression. Perceived health status: 32.3% considered their health to be good or very good, 34,6% fair, and 33% bad or very bad.Conclusions: The group studied consists of a vulnerable people, with social and health problems and more malnutrition than the older population living at

  10. Hepatitis C in rural areas of Islamabad, Pakistan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    , dental treatments and barber cutting in males was the dominant risk factors. The use of non disposable glass syringes for injection was also an important mode of transmission. (author)

  11. Bladder cancer, a review of the environmental risk factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Letašiová Silvia

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Many epidemiological studies and reviews have been performed to identify the causes of bladder cancer. The aim of this review is to investigate the links between various environmental risk factors and cancer of the bladder. Methods A systematic literature search was performed using PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Scholar Google and Russian Google databases to identify reviews and epidemiological studies on bladder cancer risk factors associated with the environment published between 1998 and 2010. Only literature discussing human studies was considered. Results Smoking, mainly cigarette smoking, is a well known risk factor for various diseases, including bladder cancer. Another factor strongly associated with bladder cancer is exposure to arsenic in drinking water at concentrations higher than 300 µg/l. The most notable risk factor for development of bladder cancer is occupational exposure to aromatic amines (2-naphthylamine, 4-aminobiphenyl and benzidine and 4,4'-methylenebis(2-chloroaniline, which can be found in the products of the chemical, dye and rubber industries as well as in hair dyes, paints, fungicides, cigarette smoke, plastics, metals and motor vehicle exhaust. There are also data suggesting an effect from of other types of smoking besides cigarettes (cigar, pipe, Egyptian waterpipe, smokeless tobacco and environmental tobacco smoking, and other sources of arsenic exposure such as air, food, occupational hazards, and tobacco. Other studies show that hairdressers and barbers with occupational exposure to hair dyes experience enhanced risk of bladder cancer. For example, a study related to personal use of hair dyes demonstrates an elevated bladder cancer risk for people who used permanent hair dyes at least once a month, for one year or longer. Conclusion Smoking, in particular from cigarettes, exposure to arsenic in drinking water, and occupational exposure to aromatic amines and 4,4'-methylenebis(2-chloroaniline

  12. 10 MW Supercritical CO2 Turbine Test

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Turchi, Craig

    2014-01-29

    The Supercritical CO2 Turbine Test project was to demonstrate the inherent efficiencies of a supercritical carbon dioxide (s-CO2) power turbine and associated turbomachinery under conditions and at a scale relevant to commercial concentrating solar power (CSP) projects, thereby accelerating the commercial deployment of this new power generation technology. The project involved eight partnering organizations: NREL, Sandia National Laboratories, Echogen Power Systems, Abengoa Solar, University of Wisconsin at Madison, Electric Power Research Institute, Barber-Nichols, and the CSP Program of the U.S. Department of Energy. The multi-year project planned to design, fabricate, and validate an s-CO2 power turbine of nominally 10 MWe that is capable of operation at up to 700°C and operates in a dry-cooled test loop. The project plan consisted of three phases: (1) system design and modeling, (2) fabrication, and (3) testing. The major accomplishments of Phase 1 included: Design of a multistage, axial-flow, s-CO2 power turbine; Design modifications to an existing turbocompressor to provide s-CO2 flow for the test system; Updated equipment and installation costs for the turbomachinery and associated support infrastructure; Development of simulation tools for the test loop itself and for more efficient cycle designs that are of greater commercial interest; Simulation of s-CO2 power cycle integration into molten-nitrate-salt CSP systems indicating a cost benefit of up to 8% in levelized cost of energy; Identification of recuperator cost as a key economic parameter; Corrosion data for multiple alloys at temperatures up to 650ºC in high-pressure CO2 and recommendations for materials-of-construction; and Revised test plan and preliminary operating conditions based on the ongoing tests of related equipment. Phase 1 established that the cost of the facility needed to test the power turbine at its full power and temperature would exceed the planned funding for Phases 2 and 3. Late

  13. Study on HIV/TP/HCV infection and condom use of prostitute in Yulin city%暗娼人群安全套使用情况及HIV/TP/HCV感染状况调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    全信斌; 林瑞玲; 黄佐妮; 宁君茹

    2012-01-01

    Objective:To gain general knowledge of HIV/TP/HVC infections and condom use conditions among prostitutes in Yulin city, and provide information for further intervention and control of HIV/TP/HCV. Methods: A total of 400 prostitutes that worked in service institutes such as barber's shops, hotels and bath cities received medical examination and correlative research. Results; Of the 400 prostitutes,the awareness of AIDS related knowledge were from 59. 50% to 89.75%. The usage rate of condom in every sex encounters with client in the latest month was 77.00%. The usage rate of condom in the last sex encounters with client was 95. 25%. HIV positive rate was 1. 25% ,TP positive rate was 8.75% and HCV positive rate was 1.25%. Conclusion; Prostitutes are at high risk of STD and their condom utilizing rates are low. To carry out basic STD/HIV preventive education and condom utilization in sexually confusing people will play significant role in HIV/TP control.%目的:了解玉林市暗娼人群安全套使用和HIV/TP/HCV感染情况,为控制和预防艾滋病、梅毒、丙肝的蔓延提供科学依据.方法:对本市区内在美容美发店、宾馆、浴场等场所从事卖淫活动的暗娼进行相关调查和检测.结果:在调查的400名暗娼中,艾滋病基本常识方面,知晓率最高为89.75%,最低为59.50%;安全套使用方面,最近一个月,暗娼人群每次均使用率77.00%;最近一次安全套使用率95.25%.HIV检出率为1.25%,TP检出率为8.75%,HCV检出率为1.25%.结论:暗娼是STD患病率较高的人群且安全套使用率低,在性乱人群中开展性病艾滋病基本预防知识的宣传教育,推广安全套的使用,对控制HIV/TP的传播蔓延有十分重要的意义.

  14. Natural and Artificial (fluorescent) Tracers to Characterise Hydrogeological Functioning and to Protect Karst Aquifers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andreo, B.

    2013-12-01

    Bartolomé Andreo; andreo@uma.es Co-workers: Matías Mudarra, Ana Isabel Marín and Juan Antonio Barberá Centre of Hydrogeology and Department of Geology. University of Malaga. http://cehiuma.uma.es/ The hydrogeological functioning and response of karst aquifers can be determined by the combined use of natural hydrogeochemical tracers, especially Total Organic Carbon (TOC) and intrinsic fluorescence of water, together with artificial (fluorescent) tracers; all them under the same hydrodynamic conditions. Sharp and rapid variations in discharge, temperature, electrical conductivity and water chemistry, particularly of natural tracers of infiltration (TOC, intrinsic fluorescence and NO3-) recorded in karst spring waters suggest the existence of a conduit flow system, with rapid flows and very short transit times from the surface to the springs. This is in agreement with the evidences obtained from breakthrough curves of fluorescent dye tracers. However, each type of tracer provides information about different aspects of the system in response to rainfall: natural tracers show the global response of the entire recharge area, while dye tracers reflect the response to concentrated recharge from specific points on the surface (karst swallow holes). Recent experiences on time lags between maximum concentrations of natural (especially TOC and intrinsic fluorescence) and artificial tracers has demonstrated that the global system response is faster and more sensitive than that produced from infiltration concentrated at a single point on the surface, even in karst sinkholes. Both natural and dye tracers permit to estimate response and transit times of water through the karst, but flow velocities can only be quantified using artificial tracers. These findings are crucial for water resources management and protection, with particular emphasis in the functioning of the aquifer and the different rates of response to input signals. Analysis of the responses obtained by natural

  15. Exomol: Molecular Line Lists for Exoplanet and Other Atmospheres

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tennyson, J.; Barber, R. J.; Azzam, A.; Down, M.; Hill, C.; Yurchenko, S. N.

    2011-06-01

    such as ammonia, acetylene, hydrogen peroxide and formaldehyde, are at the very limit of what is computationally possible at present. These will be computed either by direct calculation of the full line list, such as our hot ammonia line list BYTe developed recently [S. N. Yurchenko, R. J. Barber , and J. Tennyson, Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., in press, (2011)], or by use of high accuracy vibrational calculations onto which the rotational structure will be grafted using ideas developed from the standard perturbation theory approach to molecular spectroscopy. Tests for acetylene suggest that this latter approach, although intrinsically less accurate, is still able to give reliable results [A. Urru, I. N. Kozin, G. Mulas, B. J. Braams, and J. Tennyson, Mol. Phys., 108, 1973 (2010)]. Data from this project can be accessed at www.exomol.com.

  16. Auditing to the cutting edge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Good, L.; Wirdzek, P.

    1999-07-01

    Equipment? System? Building? Campus? Neighborhood? Community? Region? What is to be audited and what needs to be corrected? Can the energy management professional decide, or should the customer? Over the last few decades, energy professionals have been evaluating energy use in order to balance clients' expenditures with acceptable levels of service. Traditionally, professional expertise and creativity have been limited more by budget than any other single element. Today, energy and the environment are tightly intertwined. In the future, effective energy management may not be possible without considering the relationships between them. Conversely, environmental protection cannot be achieved without considering energy production, distribution, and use. To this end, two powerful federal organizations, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the US Department of Energy (DOE), have been engaged in defining the interrelationships of these areas and fashioning national energy policies aimed at awakening Americans to these facts. Environmental demands are becoming a factor in efficiency equations. Energy management professionals should prepare a response. They will face demands for cutting-edge audits that reach further than giving utility power just a trim in the energy barber shop. Survival in the business of energy management will require a broader perspective. One need only look to current advertisements by national and international corporations which praise the environmental benefits of their products and even their places of business as cleaner than their competitors'. For the energy management professional then, energy diversity and source versus site considerations are opportunities to be identified in the audit process, in addition to replacement of inefficient equipment. The country is rich with technology choices, with documented experience, and with the knowledge to create systems that can mine deep savings. True, some have niche

  17. Bladder cancer, a review of the environmental risk factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background Many epidemiological studies and reviews have been performed to identify the causes of bladder cancer. The aim of this review is to investigate the links between various environmental risk factors and cancer of the bladder. Methods A systematic literature search was performed using PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Scholar Google and Russian Google databases to identify reviews and epidemiological studies on bladder cancer risk factors associated with the environment published between 1998 and 2010. Only literature discussing human studies was considered. Results Smoking, mainly cigarette smoking, is a well known risk factor for various diseases, including bladder cancer. Another factor strongly associated with bladder cancer is exposure to arsenic in drinking water at concentrations higher than 300 µg/l. The most notable risk factor for development of bladder cancer is occupational exposure to aromatic amines (2-naphthylamine, 4-aminobiphenyl and benzidine) and 4,4'-methylenebis(2-chloroaniline), which can be found in the products of the chemical, dye and rubber industries as well as in hair dyes, paints, fungicides, cigarette smoke, plastics, metals and motor vehicle exhaust. There are also data suggesting an effect from of other types of smoking besides cigarettes (cigar, pipe, Egyptian waterpipe, smokeless tobacco and environmental tobacco smoking), and other sources of arsenic exposure such as air, food, occupational hazards, and tobacco. Other studies show that hairdressers and barbers with occupational exposure to hair dyes experience enhanced risk of bladder cancer. For example, a study related to personal use of hair dyes demonstrates an elevated bladder cancer risk for people who used permanent hair dyes at least once a month, for one year or longer. Conclusion Smoking, in particular from cigarettes, exposure to arsenic in drinking water, and occupational exposure to aromatic amines and 4,4'-methylenebis(2-chloroaniline) are well known risk

  18. Spondarthritis hyperostotica pustulo-psoriatica - Review and a clinical-radiological study with special emphasis on SAPHO syndrome; Die Spondarthritis hyperostotica pustulo-psoriatica: Nosologische Studie mit klinischer und radiologischer Darstellung innerhalb des SAPHO-Syndroms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schilling, F. [Radiologische Universitaetsklinik Mainz (Germany)]|[Zentrum fuer Rheuma-Pathologie, Mainz (Germany); Kessler, S. [Radiologische Universitaetsklinik Mainz (Germany)

    1998-12-01

    Spondarthritis hyperostotica pustulo-psoriatica (Spond.hyp.pp-Schilling), corresponding nosologically to pustulotic arthroosteitis, is a dermato-skeletal `double system` disease of adults. It consists of the triad (a) palmo-plantar pustulosis (Ppp) or, alternatively, Koenigsbeck-Barber-type psoriasis, (b) sternocostoclavicular hyperostosis (SCCH), and (c) truncal-skeletal changes with syndesmophite-like, hyperostotic and/or parasyndesmophite-like ossifications of layers of the anterior vertebral ligament taken together in the sense of a desmophytal hyperostosis. There is also a potential for sclerosing inflammatory arthritis of the sacro-iliac joints and `dry` inflammatory arthritis of the sacro-iliac joints and `dry` inflammatory arthritis of peripheral joints. Thus, the pustulo-psoriatic terrain seems to have a decisive influence on osseous pathology. A total of 38 cases from a study during the years 1982 to 1992 is analysed with regard to morphological characteristics. Rare cases with diaphyseal and pelvic hyperostotic lesions subsequent to bland sclerosing osteomyelitis constitute an overlapping region to chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) and illustrate the relationship between hyperostotic spondarthritis and CRMO. The syndromes of `acquired hyperostosis` and `SAPHO`, the former more radiologically oriented and the latter more clinically oriented, together with mainly CRMO and hyperostotic spondarthritis and its forms, constitute the `Spond.hyp.pp.`. Although hyperostosis is a guidepost for the radiologist and SAPHO symptoms are one for the clinician, the syndrome does not represent a diagnosis by itself and requires further differentiation. In this report the entity `Spond.hyp.pp.` is considered and requires contributions from rheumatologically and osteologically oriented radiologist. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die vorliegende Uebersicht beschreibt unter vorwiegend radiologischen Gesichtspunkten das Krankheitsbild der Spondarthritis hyperostatica

  19. Long-term safety and efficacy of etanercept in the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Senabre-Gallego JM

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available José Miguel Senabre-Gallego,1 Carlos Santos-Ramirez,2 Gregorio Santos-Soler,1 Esteban Salas-Heredia,1 Mabel Sánchez-Barrioluengo,3 Xavier Barber,4 José Rosas1 On behalf of the AIRE-MB group 1Rheumatology, Hospital Marina Baixa, Villajoyosa, 2Rheumatology, Hospital Marina Salud, Denia, 3INGENIO (Instituto de Gestión de la Inovación y del Conocimiento (CSIC [Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas]-UPV [Universidad Politécnica de Valencia], Universitat Politècnica de València, Valencia, 4CIO (Centro de Investigación Operativa-UMH (Universidad Miguel Hernández, Universidad Miguel Henández, Elche, Spain Abstract: To date, anti-tumor necrosis factor alfa (anti-TNF-α therapy is the only alternative to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis. Etanercept is a soluble TNF receptor, with a mode of action and pharmacokinetics different to those of antibodies and distinctive efficacy and safety. Etanercept has demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis, with or without radiographic sacroiliitis, and other manifestations of the disease, including peripheral arthritis, enthesitis, and psoriasis. Etanercept is not efficacious in inflammatory bowel disease, and its efficacy in the treatment of uveitis appears to be lower than that of other anti-TNF drugs. Studies of etanercept confirmed regression of bone edema on magnetic resonance imaging of the spine and sacroiliac joint, but failed to reduce radiographic progression, as do the other anti-TNF drugs. It seems that a proportion of patients remain in disease remission when the etanercept dose is reduced or administration intervals are extended. Etanercept is generally well tolerated with an acceptable safety profile in the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis. The most common adverse effect of etanercept treatment is injection site reactions, which are generally self-limiting. Reactivation of tuberculosis, reactivation of

  20. Supercritical carbon dioxide cycle control analysis.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moisseytsev, A.; Sienicki, J. J. (Nuclear Engineering Division)

    2011-04-11

    . In particular, the peak heat removal capacity of the shutdown heat removal loop may be specified to be 1.1 % of the nominal reactor power. An investigation of the oscillating cycle behavior calculated by the ANL Plant Dynamics Code under specific conditions has been carried out. It has been found that the calculation of unstable operation of the cycle during power reduction to 0 % may be attributed to the modeling of main compressor operation. The most probable reason for such instabilities is the limit of applicability of the currently used one-dimensional compressor performance subroutines which are based on empirical loss coefficients. A development of more detailed compressor design and performance models is required and is recommended for future work in order to better investigate and possibly eliminate the calculated instabilities. Also, as part of such model development, more reliable surge criteria should be developed for compressor operation close to the critical point. It is expected that more detailed compressor models will be developed as a part of validation of the Plant Dynamics Code through model comparison with the experiment data generated in the small S-CO{sub 2} loops being constructed at Barber-Nichols Inc. and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). Although such a comparison activity had been planned to be initiated in FY 2008, data from the SNL compression loop currently in operation at Barber Nichols Inc. has not yet become available by the due date of this report. To enable the transient S-CO{sub 2} cycle investigations to be carried out, the ANL Plant Dynamics Code for the S-CO{sub 2} Brayton cycle was further developed and improved. The improvements include further optimization and tuning of the control mechanisms as well as an adaptation of the code for reactor systems other than the Lead-Cooled Fast Reactor (LFR). Since the focus of the ANL work on S-CO{sub 2} cycle development for the majority of the current year has been on the

  1. Supercritical carbon dioxide cycle control analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    capacity of the shutdown heat removal loop may be specified to be 1.1 % of the nominal reactor power. An investigation of the oscillating cycle behavior calculated by the ANL Plant Dynamics Code under specific conditions has been carried out. It has been found that the calculation of unstable operation of the cycle during power reduction to 0 % may be attributed to the modeling of main compressor operation. The most probable reason for such instabilities is the limit of applicability of the currently used one-dimensional compressor performance subroutines which are based on empirical loss coefficients. A development of more detailed compressor design and performance models is required and is recommended for future work in order to better investigate and possibly eliminate the calculated instabilities. Also, as part of such model development, more reliable surge criteria should be developed for compressor operation close to the critical point. It is expected that more detailed compressor models will be developed as a part of validation of the Plant Dynamics Code through model comparison with the experiment data generated in the small S-CO2 loops being constructed at Barber-Nichols Inc. and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). Although such a comparison activity had been planned to be initiated in FY 2008, data from the SNL compression loop currently in operation at Barber Nichols Inc. has not yet become available by the due date of this report. To enable the transient S-CO2 cycle investigations to be carried out, the ANL Plant Dynamics Code for the S-CO2 Brayton cycle was further developed and improved. The improvements include further optimization and tuning of the control mechanisms as well as an adaptation of the code for reactor systems other than the Lead-Cooled Fast Reactor (LFR). Since the focus of the ANL work on S-CO2 cycle development for the majority of the current year has been on the applicability of the cycle to SFRs, work has started on modification of the ANL

  2. Diferenciação entre Listeria monocytogenes e Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae com o clorêto de Trifeniltetrazólio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinicius Moreira Dias

    1958-12-01

    Full Text Available Experiências foram realizadas com bactérias dos gêneros Listeria e Erysipelothrix, em meios líquido e sólido, utilizando o clorêto de 2, 3, 5 - trifeniltetrazólio. A atividade enzimática redutora das listérias para o TTC foi diferente da do E. rhusiopathiae, principalmente em meio líquido e nas horas iniciais de observação. Preparações feitas para microscopia ótica e electrônica dos germes tratados com TTC revelaram a presença de granulações polares, bipolares e centrais dentro do corpo das listérias. A evidenciação de granulações coradas de formazana, intracelulares nas listérias, confirma estudos anteriores quanto à possibilidade da existência de mitocôndrias nas bactérias.Based on a similarity of cultural and biochemical properties, WILSON and MILLES (6 compared the microorganisms of listeriosis with those of swine erysipelas including them in the genus Erysipelothrix with the species E. monocytogenes and E. rhusiopathiae. However, BARBER (1 and JULIANELLE (4, in a comparative study of both microorganisms, do not admit that possibility. Observing the morphological and citochemical characteristics of L. monocytogenes (N.º 7 973, 5 348, 5 105, 5 214, of the Seeliger collection and E. ehusiopathiae cultures (N.º 1, 7, 11, 27, 37, of the WIX collection, both in phase "S", we were able to verify their comparative behavior when in contact with 2-3-5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC, "Synthetical Laboratories, Chicago, U.S.A". 1. To 1,0 ml of cultures of both microorganisms grown in plain broth plus 5% horse serum for 24 hours at 37ºC, 0.1 ml of sterilized 1% aqueous solution of TTC was added. The tubes were left at room temperature (± 25ºC or in the incubator (37ºC. In the tubes with L. monocytogenes immediately appeared a red coloration (fig. 1 characteristic of formazan production, that became gradually more pronounced, from bottom to top (figs. 2, 3, 4, 5; at the and of 24 hours the color was intense the tube

  3. Allergic dermatitis to hair dyes: an analysis of 597 cases in Tianjin%天津地区染发者变态反应性皮炎的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙晨薇; 刘全忠; 徐宏俊; 齐蔓莉; 陈玉敏

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the morbility and epidemic characteristics of hair dye dermatitis in individuals who dyed their hair in Tianjin.Methods Questionnaires were distributed to the outpatients in the Gerneral Hospital of Tianjin Medical University,students and teachers in Tianjin Medical University,residents in the community and customers in barber shop from Aug.2007 to Mar.2008.The personal data including the methods and site of coloring hair and something correlated to hair dyes were investigated.Results A total of 597 cases with the history of coloring hair were enrolled in the study,including 485 women and 112 men,with mean age of 41 years (ranged from 16- 74years).Among 597 cases,69 cases had allergic reactions to hair dye,including 51 women and 18 men,with mean age of 44 years (ranged from 19-65 years).The median age of the first coloring hair was 40 years (ranged from 3-50 years).The comparison between the sites of coloring hair had no statistic significance (P >0.05),but there was a significant difference between black dyed hairs and col or dyed hairs (P <0.05).Conclusions People with black hair dye are prone to be allergic.%目的 通过对天津地区染发者的流行病调查,了解染发剂变态反应性皮炎的发病情况和流行病特点.方法 对在天津医科大学总医院门诊就医者、天津医科大学在校学生、居委会及美发厅染发者共597例发放问卷调查表,以了解其个人资料、染发方式、染发地点和所使用的染发剂类型等相关内容.结果 597例染发者中,女485例,男112例,平均年龄41岁(16~74岁).其中69例出现了染发剂变态反应,女51例,男18例,平均年龄44岁(19~65岁).初次染发年龄的中位数为40岁(3~74岁).将染发剂变态反应者和未变态反应者染发地点进行比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).选择黑色染发剂和选择彩色染发剂染发者变态反应情况比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 使用黑色染

  4. Who is the new sheriff in town regulating boreal forest growth?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park Williams, A.; Xu, Chonggang; McDowell, Nate G.

    2011-12-01

    -induced drought stress (Barber et al 2000). Notably, this response may be more complicated than simply a decline in soil moisture. Even when soil moisture is plentiful, warming can negatively impact plant growth and survival by causing increased respiratory consumption of stored carbohydrates (McDowell 2011) and decreased stomatal conductance due to hydraulic limitation (Flexas et al 2004). Some degree of acclimation may be occurring, as white spruce populations that experience moderate temperatures and precipitation have lower optimal growth temperatures than populations at warmer, drier sites do (figure 1(c)). Yet, populations at the warmest or driest sites show strong growth declines during warm periods, consistent with a decline in the viability of these populations in some regions (Goetz et al 2005, Beck and Goetz 2011, Beck et al 2011). Can interior boreal forests acclimate to the current era's rapid warming? Or will temperatures within interior boreal forests outpace or extend beyond the adaptive capabilities of boreal tree species? The answer remains a mystery, partly because important aspects of acclimation are still poorly understood, and partly because of other important processes such as wildfire and increases in CO2 concentration, nitrogen deposition, growing-season length, and tropospheric ozone concentration. Figure 1 Figure 1. Relationships between white spruce tree-ring widths and climate at 59 sites in Alaska. (a) Annual correlation between ring-width index and June-July average temperature during years when June--July temperature was colder (blue bars) and warmer (red bars) than average. Pairs of bars represent the coldest 20 sites (left), 19 sites with intermediate temperature (middle) and the warmest 20 sites (right). (b) Spline curves that represent the best-fit relationship between temperature (x-axis) and ring-width index variability (y-axis) at cold sites (blue line), intermediate sites (black line) and warm sites (orange line). (c) Same as (b) but for

  5. The Thermal Expansion Of Feldspars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hovis, G. L.; Medford, A.; Conlon, M.

    2009-12-01

    this important mineral system. We thank the Earth Sciences Division of the National Science Foundation for support of this research via grant EAR-0408829, which has provided valuable learning experiences for the undergraduate coauthors of this abstract. We appreciate the cooperation of the Department of Mineral Sciences, Smithsonian Institution, which provided five of the plagioclase specimens. Thanks to Tony Abraham, Department of Earth Sciences, Cambridge University, who conducted a portion of the high-temperature X-ray experiments. The Ba-K feldspar crystalline solutions were synthesized and chemically characterized in the 1970's at Harvard University by our good friend, Dr. Jun Ito, now deceased. (1) Hovis, Morabito, Spooner, Mott, Person, Henderson, Roux and Harlov, 2008, American Mineralogist, (2) Stewart and von Limbach, 1967, American Journal of Science, (3) Hovis and Graeme-Barber, 1997, American Mineralogist, (4) Hovis, Brennan, Keohane, and Crelling, 1999, The Canadian Mineralogist, (5) Henderson, 1984, Progress in Experimental Petrology, NERC Report, Volume 6, (6) Benna, Tribaudino, and Bruno, 1999, American Mineralogist, (7) Lowenstein, 1954, American Mineralogist.

  6. Principles of Thermal Expansion in Feldspars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hovis, Guy; Medford, Aaron; Conlon, Maricate; Tether, Allison; Romanoski, Anthony

    2010-05-01

    bridging Al-O-Si oxygens, (C) plagioclase (11,12,13) and (D) Ba-K feldspars (12) where coupled substitution across the series produces expansion behavior that rapidly transitions from one control to the other. Generally, thermal expansion coefficients vary linearly as functions of room-temperature volume between the relevant end members. Thus, the thermal expansion of any feldspar can be estimated simply from knowledge of its chemical system and room-temperature volume. References cited: (1) Hovis, Morabito, Spooner, Mott, Person, Henderson, Roux & Harlov (2008) American Mineralogist 93, 1568-1573. (2) Hovis & Graeme-Barber (1997) American Mineralogist 82, 158-164. (3) Hovis, Brennan, Keohane & Crelling (1999) The Canadian Mineralogist 37, 701-709. (4) Henderson (1984) Progress in Experimental Petrology, N.E.R.C. Report 6, 78-83. (5) Benna, Tribaudino & Bruno (1999) American Mineralogist 84, 120-129. (6) Lowenstein (1954) American Mineralogist 39, 92 -96. (7) Megaw, Kempster & Radosolovich (1962) Acta Crystallographica 15, 1017-1035. (8) Newham & Megaw (1960) Acta Crystallographica 13, 303-312. (9) Pauling (1929) Journal of the American Chemical Society 51, 1010-1026. (10) Gibbs, Rosso, Cox & Boisen (2003) Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 30, 317-320. (11) Grundy & Brown (1974) In The Feldspars, Eds. MacKenzie & Zussman, 163-173. (12) Hovis, Medford, Conlon, Tether & Romanoski (in review) American Mineralogist. (13) Tribaudino, Angel, Camara, Nestola, Pasqual, & Margiolaki (in review) Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology.

  7. História da saúde pública no Estado de São Paulo History of Public Health in the S. Paulo State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodolfo dos Santos Mascarenhas

    1973-12-01

    (Serviço Social da Indústria, he leads the medical, dental, nutritions and social care of the worker. The S. Paulo State - Department of Health and Social Welfare - was created in July 1947 and its first title-holder was José Queiroz Guimarães, Doctor. It was given emphasis to the implementation of eradication campaigns or transmissible diseases control (malaria, barber, poliomyelitis, smallpox and so on and to the total reorganization of the S. Paulo State Department of Health and Social Welfare started in 1970.

  8. Closed Brayton cycle power conversion systems for nuclear reactors :

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wright, Steven A.; Lipinski, Ronald J.; Vernon, Milton E.; Sanchez, Travis

    2006-04-01

    the manufacturers site (Barber-Nichols Inc.) and installed and operated at Sandia. A sufficiently detailed description of the loop is provided in this report along with the design characteristics of the turbo-alternator-compressor set to allow other researchers to compare their results with those measured in the Sandia test-loop. The third task consisted of a validation effort. In this task the test loop was operated and compared with the modeled results to develop a more complete understanding of this electrically heated closed power generation system and to validate the model. The measured and predicted system temperatures and pressures are in good agreement, indicating that the model is a reasonable representation of the test loop. Typical deviations between the model and the hardware results are less than 10%. Additional tests were performed to assess the capability of the Brayton engine to continue to remove decay heat after the reactor/heater is shutdown, to develop safe and effective control strategies, and to access the effectiveness of gas inventory control as an alternative means to provide load following. In one test the heater power was turned off to simulate a rapid reactor shutdown, and the turbomachinery was driven solely by the sensible heat stored in the heater for over 71 minutes without external power input. This is an important safety feature for CBC systems as it means that the closed Brayton loop will keep cooling the reactor without the need for auxiliary power (other than that needed to circulate the waste heat rejection coolant) provided the heat sink is available.

  9. Sectoral Vulnerabilities to Changing Water Resources: Current and Future Tradeoffs between Supply and Demand in the Conterminous U.S

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meldrum, J.; Averyt, K.; Caldwell, P.; Sun, G.; Huber-lee, A. T.; McNulty, S.

    2012-12-01

    ., Rogers, J., and Tellinghuisen, S. 2011. Freshwater use by US power plants: electricity's thirst for a precious resource. A report of the Energy and Water in a Warming World initiative, Cambridge, MA: Union of Concerned Scientists, 52 pp. Caldwell, P., Sun, G., McNulty, S., Cohen, E., and Moore Myers, J. 2011. Modeling Impacts of Environmental Change on Ecosystem Services across the Conterminous United States, in: Proceedings of the Fourth Interagency Conference on Research in the Watersheds, Fairbanks, AK, 26-30 Sept 2011, 63-69. Kenny, J., Barber, N., Hutson, S., Linsey, K., Lovelace, J., and Maupin, M. 2009. Estimated use of water in the United States in 2005. US Geological Survey Circular 1344, 52 pp. Milly, P. C. D., Dunne, K. A., and Vecchia, A. V. 2005. Global pattern of trends in streamflow and water availability in a changing climate. Nature 438(7066):347-350. Sun, G., McNulty, S., Moore Myers, J., and Cohen, E. 2008. Impacts of multiple stresses on water demand and supply across the Southeastern United States. Journal of American Water Resources Association 44(6):1441-1457. Sun, G., Caldwell, P., Noormets, A., Cohen, E., McNulty, S., Treasure, E., Domec, J., Mu, Q., Xiao, J., John, R., and Chen, J. 2011. Upscaling key ecosystem functions across the Conterminous United States by a water-centric ecosystem model, J. Geophys. Res., 116.

  10. The American Opera Boom of the 1950s and 1960s: History and Stylistic Analysis L’Essor de l’opéra américain des années 1950 et 1960 : historique et analyse stylistique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel Hutchins-Viroux

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Les années 1950 et 1960 ont connu un véritable « boom », comme l’a qualifié la presse de l’époque, de l’opéra aux États-Unis. Auparavant, l’opéra n’attirait guère, en Amérique, qu’un public restreint, et il n’existait pas de véritable répertoire d’ouvrages américains. Des compositeurs, des directeurs de théâtre, des producteurs, des critiques, des mécènes et des professeurs œuvrant pour le développement de l’opéra américain ont constitué un véritable mouvement qui donna naissance à de nouvelles structures permettant à la fois de toucher un plus large public et de former les compositeurs, les chanteurs, etc. grâce aux ateliers lyriques mis en place dans les universités, aux théâtres d’amateurs, aux retransmissions télévisées, aux partenariats des entreprises avec des théâtres locaux, etc. Leurs efforts ont porté leurs fruits sur plusieurs points : le nombre des spectateurs s’est accru de façon significative pendant et depuis cette période ; de nombreux compositeurs américains ont écrit à cette époque des opéras, parmi lesquels comptent quelques chefs-d’œuvre (Susannah de Carlisle Floyd, Vanessa de Samuel Barber, The Consul de Gian Carlo Menotti…, une tradition qui se poursuit de nos jours. Enfin, cet essor a contribué entre les années 1950 et 1960 à la création d’un style reconnu comme américain, objectif majeur qui préoccupait tant de compositeurs depuis des décennies.Les compositeurs de cette époque ont développé un style assez uniforme, basé sur un langage harmonique tout à fait tonal et lié au texte, une musique « accessible » reposant sur un livret réaliste, mis en musique de façon à imiter l’anglais américain parlé, et dont la trame était susceptible de séduire le public américain accoutumé au cinéma et aux théâtres de Broadway. De plus, la majorité de ces compositeurs ont cherché à inclure des éléments issus de la culture am

  11. Next Generation Geothermal Power Plants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brugman, John; Hattar, Mai; Nichols, Kenneth; Esaki, Yuri

    1995-09-01

    cycle. Results of this study indicate that dual flash type plants are preferred at resources with temperatures above 400 F. Closed loop (binary type) plants are preferred at resources with temperatures below 400 F. A rotary separator turbine upstream of a dual flash plant can be beneficial at Salton Sea, the hottest resource, or at high temperature resources where there is a significant variance in wellhead pressures from well to well. Full scale demonstration is required to verify cost and performance. Hot water turbines that recover energy from the spent brine in a dual flash cycle improve that cycle's brine efficiency. Prototype field tests of this technology have established its technical feasibility. If natural gas prices remain low, a combustion turbine/binary hybrid is an economic option for the lowest temperature sites. The use of mixed fluids appear to be an attractive low risk option. The synchronous turbine option as prepared by Barber-Nichols is attractive but requires a pilot test to prove cost and performance. Dual flash binary bottoming cycles appear promising provided that scaling of the brine/working fluid exchangers is controllable. Metastable expansion, reheater, Subatmospheric flash, dual flash backpressure turbine, and hot dry rock concepts do not seem to offer any cost advantage over the baseline technologies. If implemented, the next generation geothermal power plant concept may improve brine utilization but is unlikely to reduce the cost of power generation by much more than 10%. Colder resources will benefit more from the development of a next generation geothermal power plant than will hotter resources. All values presented in this study for plant cost and for busbar cost of power are relative numbers intended to allow an objective and meaningful comparison of technologies. The goal of this study is to assess various technologies on an common basis and, secondarily, to give an approximate idea of the current costs of the technologies at

  12. The Masturbation Service Does not belong to Prostitution in the Sense of Criminal Law---D ifferences betw een A dm inistration Law Thinking Mode and C rim inal Law Thinking Mode%论提供手淫服务不属于刑法意义上的卖淫行为--兼议行政法思维与刑法思维的区别

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段启俊; 王蕾

    2015-01-01

    There’s m uch controversy w hen pondering over w hether the m asturbation service provided in barber shop belongs to prostitution in the sense of crim inal law in our country’s judicial practice, thus causing tw o kinds of court judgm ents of guilty or innocence.To this point,there are tw o academ ic opinions:Positive Theory and N egative Theory. For one legal concept m ay have different m eanings in different branch law ,and taking social harm fulness as the basis have no attribute of m easurem ent,m asturbation service does not belong to prostitution in the sense of crim inal law ,also w ith the perspective of interpretation of crim inal law ’ general rationality. A large gap in perceptions exists in judicial practice m ainly due to different groups have adopted adm inistration law thinking m ode and crim inal law thinking m ode.It m ay produce inappropriate or even w rong conclusions w ith indiscrim inate use of these tw o thinking m odes,for they have different thinking characteristics, scope of application, logic routes etc.W e m ust use crim inal law thinking m ode instead of adm inistration law thinking m ode w hen considering and identifying a crim inal law issue.%司法实践中在认定发廊手淫服务是否属于刑法意义上的卖淫行为时存在较大争议,导致不同法院对此类案件作出有罪、无罪两种不同判决。学界对此问题同样存在肯定说和否定说两种观点。从同一法律概念在不同部门法的语境中可能存在不同含义,以及以社会危害性作为依据不具备衡量属性并且从刑法解释的一般理性的角度而言,提供手淫服务不应属于刑法意义上的卖淫行为。司法实践中对此存在认识差异的原因主要在于不同主体在认定此问题时分别采用了行政法思维模式与刑法思维模式。而由于两种思维模式在思维特征、适用范围以及逻辑线索等方面存在较大差别,因而如果不加区分地适用就会导

  13. Spontaneous Ventral Spinal Epidural Hematoma in an Infant: An Unusual Presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asad ABBAS

    2013-06-01

    disorders of the spinal cord, in Davidoff RA (ed: Handbook of the Spinal Cord.Infections and Cancer, Vol 5. New York: Marcel Dekker, 1986, pp 271-273.8. Blount J, Doughty K, Tubbs RS, Wellons JC, Reddy A, Law C, et al. In utero spontaneous cervical thoracicepidural hematoma imitating spinal cord birth injury. Pediatr Neurosurg 2004;40:23-7.9. Iguchi T, Ito Y, Asai M, Ito J, Okada N, Murakami M. [A case of spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma]. No ToHattatsu 1993;25:267-70. Review. Japanese.10. Nagel MA, Taff IP, Cantos EL, Patel MP, Maytal J, Berman D. Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma in a7-year-old girl. Diagnostic value of magnetic resonance imaging. Clin Neurol Neurosurg 1989;91:157-60.11. Metzger G, Singbartl G. Spinal epidural hematoma following epidural anesthesia versus spontaneous spinalsubdural hematoma. Two case reports. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 1991;35:105-7.12. Patel H, Garg BP. Increasing irritability with sudden onset of flaccid weakness. Semin Pediatr Neurol 1996;3:192-7.13. Tewari MK, Tripathi LN, Mathuriya SN, Khandelwal N, Kak VK. Spontaneous spinal extradural hematomain children. Report of three cases and a review of the literature. Childs Nerv Syst 1992;8:53-5. Review.14. Pecha MD, Able AC, Barber DB, Willingham AC. Outcome after spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma in children: case report and review of the literature. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1998;79:460-3. Review.

  14. História da saúde pública no Estado de São Paulo History of public health in the S. Paulo State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodolfo dos Santos Mascarenhas

    2006-02-01

    (Serviço Social da Indústria, he leads the medical, dental, nutritions and social care of the worker. The S. Paulo State - Department of Health and Social Welfare - was created in July 1947 and its first title-holder was José Queiroz Guimarães, Doctor. It was given emphasis to the implementation of eradication campaigns or transmissible diseases control (malaria, barber, poliomyelitis, smallpox and so on and to the total reorganization of the S. Paulo State Department of Health and Social Welfare started in 1970.

  15. Sobre o preparo dos parasitas da malária em distensões espessas, especialmente em amostras supersecas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. de Freitas

    1942-01-01

    changing the staining solution. VI – The method can be summarized as follow: For a small number of samples, Coplin’s or any other staining jar can be used. Large number of slides must be placed in groups of 10 or 15 units each, the slides being separated by a piece of cardboard, according to Barber & Komp. A Fix in dilute formalin (2%, during 5 minutes. b Without washing, put in Knowles solution (see the formula in the text, no more than 20 minutes. cTwo successive washings in distilled water, buffered as explained above (which can be used several times. d Dry and stain with Giemsa solution, prepared by using 1 drop of the stain for each c. c. of buffered distilled water. Time: 1 hour. E Was in distilled water and dry.

  16. Pulmonary hemodynamic profile in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Portillo K

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Karina Portillo,1 Yolanda Torralba,1,2 Isabel Blanco,1,2 Felip Burgos,1,2 Roberto Rodriguez-Roisin,1,2 Jose Rios,3 Josep Roca,1,2 Joan A Barberà1,21Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Hospital Clínic-Institut d’Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi iSunyer (IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; 2Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES, Madrid, Spain; 3Biostatistics and Data Management Core Facility, Hospital Clínic-Institut d’Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi iSunyer (IDIBAPS, Biostatistics Unit, School of Medicine, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, SpainIntroduction: Few data are available in regards to the prevalence of pulmonary hypertension (PH in the broad spectrum of COPD. This study was aimed at assessing the prevalence of PH in a cohort of COPD patients across the severity of airflow limitation, and reporting the hemodynamic characteristics at rest and during exercise.Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis on COPD patients who underwent right-heart catheterization in our center with measurements obtained at rest (n=139 and during exercise (n=85. PH was defined as mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP ≥25 mmHg and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure <15 mmHg. Exercise-induced PH (EIPH was defined by a ratio of ∆mPAP/∆cardiac output >3.Results: PH was present in 25 patients (18%. According to the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD classification, PH prevalence in GOLD 2 was 7% (3 patients; 25% (14 patients in GOLD 3; and 22% (8 patients in GOLD 4. Severe PH (mPAP ≥35 mmHg was identified in four patients (2.8%. Arterial partial oxygen pressure was the outcome most strongly associated with PH (r=-0.29, P<0.001. EIPH was observed in 60 patients (71% and had a similar prevalence in both GOLD 2 and 3, and was present in all GOLD 4 patients. Patients with PH had lower cardiac index during exercise than patients without PH (5

  17. Study on self-esteem and social support among out-of-school adolescents in Shenzhen city%深圳市校外青少年自尊和社会支持研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何桂香; 韩铁光; 朱敏贞; 曹黎; 李福缘; 郭永飞

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand the situation of self-esteem and social support and the related influencing factors a-mong out-of-school adolescents in Shenzhen city, and to explore the relationship between self-esteem and social support. Methods A total of 320 eligible adolescents were recruited by proportionate sampling of gender and age from the 5 workplaces; Factories, barber shops, karaoke bars, internet bars and hotels in Bao'an and Nanshan District. The Self-Esteem Scale and the Social Support Questionnaire were used. Results It was found that the average score of the self-esteem in the out-of-school adolescents was 29.67 ±3.71, among which 12. 19% respondents belonged to the category of low self-esteem, the proportion of middle and high self-esteem was72.81% and 15.00%, respectively. The score of social support was 35. 67 ±6. 88. Detailed analysis showed that the objective and subjective support scores were 8. 23 ± 2. 73 and 19. 79 ±4. 14. And the scores of utilization to support were 7. 64 ± 1.96. Further analysis found that education degree and monthly income were the influencing factors on self-esteem while marital status and monthly income were the influential factors on social support. Conclusion The level of self-esteem among out-of-school adolescents in Shenzhen was high. However, the degree of social support is not optimistic. There are some crucial factors which are closely correlated with social support and self-esteem.%目的 了解深圳市校外青少年自尊水平和社会支持状况及其影响因素,为有针对性地开展心理健康教育提供依据.方法 选取深圳市南山和宝安2个区,每个区分别抽取工厂、发廊、歌厅、网吧、宾馆5类场所作为调查场所,按照年龄、性别等比例从各区分别招募160名符合条件的研究对象,采用自尊量表(SES)和社会支持量表(SSRS)进行问卷调查.结果 深圳市校外青少年自尊得分为(29.67 ±3.71)分,低、中、高自尊

  18. Facilitators and barriers to hypertension self-management in urban African Americans: perspectives of patients and family members

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flynn SJ

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Sarah J Flynn,1,2 Jessica M Ameling,1,2 Felicia Hill-Briggs,1–3 Jennifer L Wolff,4,5 Lee R Bone,1,3 David M Levine,1,4 Debra L Roter,3 LaPricia Lewis-Boyer,1,2 Annette R Fisher,6 Leon Purnell,6 Patti L Ephraim,2,7 Jeffrey Barbers,1,2 Stephanie L Fitzpatrick,1,2 Michael C Albert,1,8 Lisa A Cooper,1,2 Peter J Fagan,9,10 Destiny Martin,1 Hema C Ramamurthi,1,2 L Ebony Boulware1,2,7 1Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA; 2Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology, and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA; 3Department of Health, Behavior, and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA; 4Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA; 5Division of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA; 6Community and Provider Advisory Board, Johns Hopkins Center to Eliminate Cardiovascular Health Disparities, Baltimore, MD, USA; 7Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA; 8Johns Hopkins Community Physicians, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA; 9Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA; 10Johns Hopkins HealthCare LLC, Glen Burnie, MD, USA Introduction: We aimed to inform the design of behavioral interventions by identifying patients’ and their family members’ perceived facilitators and barriers to hypertension self-management. Materials and methods: We conducted focus groups of African American patients with hypertension and their family members to elicit their views about factors influencing patients’ hypertension self-management. We recruited African American patients with hypertension (n = 18 and their family members (n = 12 from an urban, community-based clinical

  19. Changes in soil respiration after thinning activities in dense Aleppo pine forests

    Science.gov (United States)

    Llovet, Joan; Alonso, Macià; Cerdà, Artemi

    2015-04-01

    variables (i.e. soil characteristics, potential soil heterotrophic respiration, plant biomass surrounding each plot, soil temperature, and soil moisture). Main results showed a seasonal variation of soil respiration as related by other authors (i.e. Almagro et al., 2009), being soil respiration restricted by drying during summer, and by low temperatures during winter. On the other hand, thinning significantly diminished soil respiration, its decrease was around 33% (from 5.3 micromole CO2 m-2 second-1, to 3.6 micromole CO2 m-2 second-1). Our results suggest that autotrophic respiration could be highly responsible of this decrease: we found significant and positive relationships between soil respiration and vegetation surrounding plots, and we did not find differences in potential soil heterotrophic respiration between treatments. Acknowledgements We thanks the financial support of the RESILIEN project funded by the Spanish Government, Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación CGL2011-30515-C02-02. The RECARE project is funded by the European Commission FP7 program, ENV.2013.6.2-4 "Sustainable land care in Europe". References Almagro, M., López, J., Querejeta, J. I., Martínez Mena, M. 2009. Temperature dependence of soil CO2 efflux is strongly modulated by seasonal patterns of moisture availability in a Meditarranean ecosystem. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 41. 594-605 Moreno, J.M., Vázquez, A., Vélez, R. 1998. Recent history of forest fires in Spain. In: Moreno, J. M. (ed). Large Fires. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands, pp. 159-185. Pausas, J. G., Ribeiro, E., Vallejo, V. R. 2004. Post-fire regeneration variability of Pinus halepensis in the eastern Iberian Peninsula. Forest Ecology and Management, 203. 251-259. Ruiz Navarro, A., Barberá, G. G., Navarro Cano, J. A., Albaladejo, J., Castillo, V. M. 2009. Soil dynamics in Pinus halepensis reforestation: Effect of microenvironment and previous land use. Geoderma, 153. 353-361.

  20. 顶级券商的明星分析师荐股评级更有价值么?——基于券商声誉、分析师声誉的实证研究%Do Star Analysts' Recommendations from Top Brokers have more Investment Value?An Empirical Study Based on Reputation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宇熹; 洪剑峭; 肖峻

    2012-01-01

    recommendation. Prior research (Barber et al. , 2001; Stickel, 1995 ; Womack, 1996) has shown that small firms exhibit a greater absolute response to recommendations than do large firms. Since the stock size and broker size samples have a highly positively skewed distribution, the natural logarithm of the market value of recommended stock is used as the first explanatory variable. Barber (2001) found that stock price have bigger reaction to the analyst' s recommendations from bigger broker. The natural logarithm of broker size is used as the second explanatory variable. To test the impact of analyst's reputation on abnormal return of recommended stock on the announcement day, the analyst's professional reputation is decomposed into two parts. The first part is the accumulative times being a New Fortune Magazine's star analyst. The more accumulative times being a star, the higher the analyst's reputation. The second part is the accumulative ranks in his following industry in recent years. The higher accumulative ranks in one industry, the higher the analyst's reputation. Similarly, to test the impact of broker's reputation on abnormal return of recommended stock on the announcement day, the broker' professional reputation is decomposed into two parts too. The first part is the accumulative times being a New Fortune Magazine's most influential broker. The more accumulative times being the most influential broker, the higher the broker's reputation. The second part is the accumulative ranks of broker's market influence in recent years. The higher accumulative ranks in market influence, the higher the broker's reputation. The regression results of "strong buy/buy" rating samples show that the absolute value of market-adjusted return have positive correlation with the accumulative times being a star analyst but have negative correlation with the star analyst accumulative ranks. The absolute value of "Strong buy/buy" rating samples' market-adjusted return have positive correlation

  1. Edge Effects and Spillover Effects of Natural Enemies on Different Habitat Interfaces of Agricultural Landscape%农业景观中不同生境界面麦蚜天敌的边缘效应与溢出效应

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵紫华; 欧阳芳; 贺达汉

    2012-01-01

    -alfalfa, wheat-tree land, wheat-range, wheat-crop and wheat-bare land in Northwest of China. The biological control of natural enemies for wheat aphids were analyzed which aims to conduct habitat management in agricultural landscapes. We studied edge effects and spillover effects of natural enemy's population and distribution through barber traps, net sweeping and clapper collection. Results showed that non-crop was important resource pool of natural enemies especially in alfalfa habitat, tree land and range habitat. Populations and communities of natural enemies in non-crop habitat played an important those role in biological control of wheat aphids. Communities of natural enemies (parasitoids and predators) in alfalfa were the same as those in wheat fields. In interface of alfalfa-wheat, spillover effects obviously exist. A majority of natural enemies (spiders and carabid beetle) immigrating from alfalfa habitat spread into wheat field and suppressed wheat aphids to a great extent. In interfaces of wheat-tree land and wheat-range, edge effects obviously exist. The biodiversity of natural enemies was higher in the interfaces than the inside of habitat. Hosts could be found in wheat habitat. Flowers, nectar and refuges could be found in non-crop habitat. Populations of natural enemies were larger in interface of wheat and non-crop than in other regions. However, crop habitat and bare land could play an important role in biological pest control of cereal aphids. The scale of edge effect was about 30 m below which natural enemies' populations were more abundant than those in other regions. All these results can be applied in agricultural landscape design which aims at biological control and provided important theoretical principles, and also supplied new ways and methods for pest population control.

  2. History of education in medicine and surgery, first hospitals development of urology in danzig/Gdańsk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zajączkowski, Tadeusz

    2014-01-01

    origins in the Chair of Anatomy and Medicine at Danzig Academic Gymnasium (GA; Sive Illustre), an establishment which lasted for 239 years, from 1584 to 1812. The history of surgery in Danzig has its roots in the centuries-old tradition of the medical practice of surgeons who were associated in the Surgeons Guild, teaching, as well medical and scientific research. The Surgeons Guild existed in Danzig from 1454 to 1820. Over the centuries manual intervention was also in the hands of academically uneducated persons such as bath house attendants, barbers, and wandering surgeons. Until the end of 1946 there was no separate urology department in Danzig. Urological surgery was in the hands of surgeons. Interventions and operations on genitourinary organs were carried out, more or less, in all surgical departments. The end of World War II created a new political situation in Europe. Danzig (now Gdafisk) and Pomerania became part of Poland. In 1945, on the basis of the former MAD, the Polish Government established the Polish Academy of Physicians, later renamed the Medical Academy in Gdafisk (Gdafiska Akademia Medyczna - GAM). In 2009, GAM was again renamed, as the Medical University of Gdafisk (Gdaiski Uniwersytet Medyczny). The political changes after World War II accelerated the process of the separation of urology from surgery. In May 1947, a 30-bed Urological Ward was opened in Gdanisk, in Debinki Street, forming part of the First Surgical Clinic of the Academy of Physicians (headed by Prof. Kornel Michejda, 1887-1960, later by Prof. Stanislaw Nowicki, 1893-1972, and lastly by Prof. Zdzislaw Kieturakis, 1904-1971). The first head doctor of the new urological ward was Dr. Tadeusz L$renz (1906-1986), a urologist from Lvov (Lemberg). After the departure of Professor Lorenz to Wrodclaw (Breslau) in 1958, Dr. Jan Renkielski was acting as Head of the Urological Ward until 1971. In 1971 the ward was transformed to the separate Department of Urology. Docent ("lecturer"), and later

  3. Methow River Studies, Washington: abundance estimates from Beaver Creek and the Chewuch River screw trap, methodology testing in the Whitefish Island side channel, and survival and detection estimates from hatchery fish releases, 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martens, Kyle D.; Fish, Teresa M.; Watson, Grace A.; Connolly, Patrick J.

    2014-01-01

    2008, focuses on the evaluation of the M2 reach (rkm 66– 80) of the mainstem Methow River prior to restoration actions planned by Reclamation and Yakama Nation. The M2 study was designed to help understand the inter-relationships between stream habitat and the life history of various fish species to explain potential success or limitations in response to restoration actions. To help document changes derived by restoration, two reference reaches (Upper Methow between rkm 85 and 90, and Chewuch River between rkm 4 and 11) were identified based on relative lack of disturbance, proximity to the restoration reach, and relative unconfined geomorphology. A control reach (Lower Methow between rkm 57 and 64, also referred to as “Silver Reach”) was 2 identified based on its similar disturbance as the reference reach, proximity to the restoration reach, and relatively unconfined geomorphology. Products to date include Barber and others (2011), Bellmore (2011), Tibbits and others (2012), Bellmore and others (2013), Benjamin and others (2013), Romine and others (2013b), Bellmore and other (2014), Martens and others (2014), and Martens and Connolly (2014). The third phase of work has been to help with the development and to provide data for modeling efforts. Most of the planned M2 reach restoration is focused on the creation or improvement of offchannel habitat, especially side channels. The pre-restoration portion of this study has been documented by Martens and Connolly (2014). Side channel restoration actions were initiated in 2012 (Whitefish Island side channel, also referred to as SC3; rkm 76) and are planned to continue over the next several years. The Whitefish Island side channel was modified to maintain hydrological connection with the mainstem throughout the year. In addition, several log structures were installed and pools were deepened to create fish habitat. Prior to restoration, this side channel would lose hydrological connection with the mainstem Methow River

  4. 西沙群岛主要岛礁鱼类物种多样性及其群落格局%Fish species diversity and community pattern in coral reefs of the Xisha Islands, South China Sea

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雪辉; 杜飞雁; 林昭进; 孙典荣; 邱永松; 黄硕琳

    2011-01-01

    为了解珊瑚礁海域鱼类物种多样性及其群落特征,作者2003年5月在西沙群岛7座主要岛礁(北礁、华光礁、金银岛、东岛、浪花礁、玉琢礁和永兴岛)采用底层刺网进行了调查,运用聚类分析和非度量多维标度(NMDS)等多元统计分析方法,对7个岛礁鱼类的种类组成、优势种、多样性和群落格局进行了分析.调查海域共记录鱼类146种,隶属10目31科;各主要岛礁的鱼类以典型的热带种类为主,如鹦嘴鱼科、蝴蝶鱼科、笛鲷科等珊瑚礁鱼类;白边锯鳞鳂(Myripristis murdjan)、四带笛鲷(Lutjanus kasmira)、灰若梅鲷(Paracaesio sordidus)、双带梅鲷(Caesio diagramma)、单板盾尾鱼(Axinurus thynnoides)和灰六鳃鲨(Hexanchus griseus)为主要优势种;全海域鱼类的Shannon-Wiener多样性指数(H')在1.91-3.33之间,平均为2.81,明显高于纬度较高的东海和黄渤海海域;该海域鱼类可划分为两个群落,即永乐群岛群落(群落Ⅰ)和宣德群岛群落(群落Ⅱ).ANOSIM和RELATE检验表明,两个群落间鱼类组成的差异显著(R=0.685,P=0.029<0.05),且群落格局较为稳定(R=0.958,P=0.003<0.01).%over time following habitat removal. This EMS included 18 fragmented and 18 clumped experimental plots. Alfalfa was cut to 1 m×1 m patches in fragmented plots (H=l) and retained the whole patches in continual plots (H=0). Habitat loss was designed to 90%, 80%, 70%, 50%, 20% and 0% respectively. Every plot was 3 times replicated and 0% of habitat loss was CK. Net sweeping, barber traps and clapper boards were used to investigate insect species in experimental alfalfa landscapes. 38 species were divided into 4 groups and diversity and abundance of every group were caculated and the relationship between diversity and habitat loss was analyzed. In our EMS, there was little support for the threshold phenomenon or for general effects of ha bitat loss and fragmentation, although this conclusion needs to be

  5. Development of the ANL plant dynamics code and control strategies for the supercritical carbon dioxide Brayton cycle and code validation with data from the Sandia small-scale supercritical carbon dioxide Brayton cycle test loop

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    available data from the Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) small-scale S-CO2 Brayton cycle demonstration that is being assembled in a phased approach currently at Barber-Nichols Inc. and at SNL in the future. The available data was obtained with an earlier configuration of the S-CO2 loop involving only a single-turbo-alternator-compressor (TAC) instead of two TACs, a single low temperature recuperator (LTR) instead of both a LTR and a high temperature recuperator (HTR), and fewer than the later to be installed full set of electric heaters. Due to the absence of the full heating capability as well as the lack of a high temperature recuperator providing additional recuperation, the temperature conditions obtained with the loop are too low for the loop conditions to be prototypical of the S-CO2 cycle.

  6. Development of Pseudorandom Binary Arrays for Calibration of Surface Profile Metrology Tools

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    phase shifting interference to produce a set of interferograms detected on a change coupled device. Mathematical algorithms applied to the datasets yield the surface phase map. The HBr etched two-dimensional BPR arrays have proven to be a very effective calibration standard making possible direct calibration corrections without the need of additional calculation considerations, while departures from the ideal vertical sidewall require an additional correction term for the CF4/Ar etched samples [Samuel K. Barber et al., Abstract to Optics and Photonics 2009: Optical Engineering and Applications Symposium, San Diego, CA, 2-6 August 2009]. Initial surface roughness of low cost 'prime' wafers limits low magnification calibration but should not be a limitation if better polished samples are used.

  7. Development of the ANL plant dynamics code and control strategies for the supercritical carbon dioxide Brayton cycle and code validation with data from the Sandia small-scale supercritical carbon dioxide Brayton cycle test loop.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moisseytsev, A.; Sienicki, J. J. (Nuclear Engineering Division)

    2011-11-07

    . Modeling in the Plant Dynamics Code has been compared with available data from the Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) small-scale S-CO{sub 2} Brayton cycle demonstration that is being assembled in a phased approach currently at Barber-Nichols Inc. and at SNL in the future. The available data was obtained with an earlier configuration of the S-CO{sub 2} loop involving only a single-turbo-alternator-compressor (TAC) instead of two TACs, a single low temperature recuperator (LTR) instead of both a LTR and a high temperature recuperator (HTR), and fewer than the later to be installed full set of electric heaters. Due to the absence of the full heating capability as well as the lack of a high temperature recuperator providing additional recuperation, the temperature conditions obtained with the loop are too low for the loop conditions to be prototypical of the S-CO{sub 2} cycle.

  8. The extreme environments and their microbes as models for extraterrestrial life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seckbach, J.; Oren, A.; Chela-Flores, J.

    2008-09-01

    on Europa: a review of biomarkers of sulfate-reducers and other microorganisms, in: Hoover, R.B., Levin, G.V., Rozanov, A.Y. and Davies, P.C.W. (eds.), Instruments, Methods, and Missions for Astrobiology X. Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 6694, 66940W. Smith, A., Crawford, I. A., Gowen, R.A., Ball, A J., Barber, S.J., Church, P., Coates, A.J., Gao, Y., Griffiths, A.D., Hagermann, A., Phipps, A., Pike, W.T., Scott, R., Sheridan, S., Sweeting, M., Talboys, D., Tong, V., Wells, N., Biele, J., Chela-Flores, J., Dabrowski, B., Flannagan, J, Grande, M., Grygorczuk, J., Kargl, G., Khavroshkin, O. B., Klingelhoefer, G., Knapmeyer, M., Marczewski, W., McKenna-Lawlor, S., Richter, L., Rothery, D.A., Seweryn, K., Ulamec, S., Wawrzaszek, R., Wieczorek, M. and Wright, I.P. (2008). LunarEX - A proposal to cosmic vision. Experimental Astronomy Journal, submitted for publication.

  9. Aleppo pine afforestation in the Massis del Caroig, Eastern Spain. The impact on soil water repellency and infiltration rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerdà, Artemi; González Pelayo, Óscar; Jordán, Antonio; Mataix Solera, Jorge; Úbeda, Xavier

    2015-04-01

    ., Campoy, M., Arcenegui, V., Caravaca, F. 2012. Soil structural stability and erosion rates influenced by agricultural management practices in a semi-arid Mediterranean agro-ecosystem. Soil Use and Management 28, 571-579. DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-2743.2012.00451.x García, C., Hernández, T., Roldán, A., Albaladejo, J., Castillo, V. 2000. Organic amendment and mycorrhizal inoculation as a practice in afforestation of soils with Pinus halepensis Miller: effect on their microbial activity. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 32(8), 1173-1181. Hueso-González, P., Ruiz-Sinoga, J. D., Martínez-Murillo, J. F., Lavee, H. 2015. Overland flow generation mechanisms affected by topsoil treatment: Application to soil conservation. Geomorphology, 228, 796-804. Hueso-González, P., Martínez-Murillo, J. F., & Ruiz-Sinoga, J. D. (2014). The impact of organic amendments on forest soil properties under Mediterranean climatic conditions. Land Degradation & Development, 25(6), 604-612. Jiménez, M. N., Fernández-Ondoño, E., Ripoll, M. Á., Castro-Rodríguez, J., Huntsinger, L., & Navarro, F. B. (2015). Stones and organic mulches improve the Quercus ilex L. afforestation success under Mediterranean climatic conditions. Land Degradation & Development.| DOI: 10.1002/ldr.2250 Maestre, F. T., & Cortina, J. (2004). Are Pinus halepensis plantations useful as a restoration tool in semiarid Mediterranean areas?. Forest Ecology and Management, 198(1), 303-317. Maestre, F. T., Cortina, J., Bautista, S., & Bellot, J. 2003. Does Pinus halepensis facilitate the establishment of shrubs in Mediterranean semi-arid afforestations?. Forest Ecology and Management, 176(1), 147-160. Mekuria, W., Aynekulu, E. 2013. Exclosure land management for restoration of the soils in degrade communal grazing lands in Northern Ethiopia. Land Degradation & Development, 24: 528- 538. DOI 10.1002/ldr.1146 Querejeta, J. I., Barberá, G. G., Granados, A., & Castillo, V. M. 2008. Afforestation method affects the isotopic composition of

  10. PREFACE: 13th International Conference on Electrorheological Fluids and Magnetorheological Suspensions (ERMR2012)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unal, Halil Ibrahim

    2013-02-01

    conference chair Professor H I Unal delivered an opening talk before the plenary lectures. Magnetorheological (MR) materials and their applications featured prominently at the ERMR2012 Conference. C A Evrensel from the University of Nevada, USA, opened the first session with a plenary speech on 'Magnetorheological Fluids for Cancer Therapy'. In the field of magnetorheological elastomers (MRE), S Odenbach from TU Dresden, Germany highlighted new developments in data management which enable single particle analysis and statistical analysis of the structures in an MRE in his plenary lecture. Another plenary lecture in the MRE field was given by F Gordaninejad (University of Nevada, USA) on new developments for integrated systems with thick MREs. D Barber (LORD Corporation, USA) gave details of the latest developments of LORD® MR fluids at extremes in his plenary speech. R Hidalgo Alvarez from the University of Granada, Spain, focused on particle shape effects in MR fluids in his plenary talk. D J Klingenberg (University of Wisconsin, USA) illustrated how the increased extent of layer formation increases the yield stress by increasing the stresses transmitted by both the magnetizable and nonmagnetizable spheres in his plenary lecture. S Smoukov from Cambridge University, UK, demonstrated magnetically responsive bi-stable hierarchical materials with novel functionality, which can be effectively used to design sustainable and energy-responsive systems. J de Vicente from the University of Granada, Spain, highlighted true yield stress in magnetorheology with the aid of simulations and experimental techniques for a wide range of MR fluids, inverse ferrofluids and ionic liquids-based MR fluids in his plenary speech. H Böse (Fraunhofer Institute, Germany) gave his plenary speech on magnetorheological torque transmission devices with permanent magnets. W Li (University of Wollongong, Australia), M Nakano (Tohoku University, Japan) and S Xuan (University of Science and Technology of

  11. Ministry of Health in Iran Is Serious about Controlling Hepatitis B

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed-Moayed Alavian

    2007-01-01

    1997 to March 2000 were studied in a case control design, the most common risk factors were family history of positive HBsAg, history of blood transfusion, male gender, history of hospitalization, history of unsafe sex and living in city area. There was a significant difference between cases and controls regarding HBsAg status in donors' mother and spouse (10. Another study in blood donors in Ghazvin revealed that close contact with an HBV infected person, extramarital sexual contact, history of sexually transmitted diseases and high risk jobs were independent risk factors for prediction of hepatitis B infection. Horizontal mode is more important than vertical transmission in this region of Iran (11. In Karaj, the risk factors in chronic hepatitis B were older age, male gender, martial status, history of contact with hepatitis, extramarital sexual activity, IV-drug use, major surgery, experimental dentist visit, and some jobs (police, barber, and driver (12. In a Cohort study (Nov 2001-Dec 2003 with historical controls, the prevalence of HBV infection increased after 16 years old (13. Prospect for future The age at which HBV infection occurs influences the long-term outcome and determines the primary targets of a vaccination program. Thus, perinatal transmission from mother to child at or soon after birth results in about 90% chronic carriage, with its long-term complications of chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, leading to death in middle age, particularly in men. This has serious economic consequences for the family and for the country as a whole (14. The contribution of each mode of transmission to morbidity and mortality must be known in order to develop the optimal vaccination program. Those countries that vaccinate only children will produce an impact in early life, but it will not be until those vaccinated children reach adolescence or early adult life that any impact on sexual transmission will be seen. Thus, if sexual transmission is