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Sample records for bach dieter krause

  1. Claus Dieter Classen, Religionsrecht

    OpenAIRE

    Thielmann, Jörn

    2007-01-01

    Claus Dieter Classen, professor for Public Law, European and International Law at the University of Greifswald (Germany), has written a comprehensive textbook on the relationship of the State and its legal system with religions and religious corporations by public law and religious associations in Germany, intended not only for jurists, but also for theologians and scholars of Religious Studies. The book is clearly structured and well written. It is divided in four main parts. Part One outlin...

  2. Bach and His.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beasley, Wyn

    2014-12-01

    This paper examines the career of Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) and the role played by Wilhelm His I (who was, with Albert von Haller, a noted pioneer of physiology) in the exhumation of Bach's remains in 1894. His's examination of these remains allowed the sculptor Carl Seffner to produce the celebrated statue of Bach which stands outside the church of St Thomas in Leipzig, where the composer was employed from 1723 until his death. Modern forensic techniques have recently enabled Bach's image to be reconstructed in even more spectacular detail. © 2014 Royal Australasian College of Surgeons.

  3. Johann Wilhelm Krause 250 / Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Triin, 1974-

    2007-01-01

    Eesti klassitsistliku arhitektuuri suurkuju ning Tartu Ülikooli arhitekti Johann Wilhelm Krause 250. sünniaastapäeva tähistati näitustega Tallinnas ja Tartus. Tartu Ülikooli raamatukogu kunstikogusse kuulub ligi 700 J. W. Krause loodud joonistust

  4. Johann Wilhelm Krause 250 / Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Triin, 1974-

    2007-01-01

    Eesti klassitsistliku arhitektuuri suurkuju ning Tartu Ülikooli arhitekti Johann Wilhelm Krause 250. sünniaastapäeva tähistati näitustega Tallinnas ja Tartus. Tartu Ülikooli raamatukogu kunstikogusse kuulub ligi 700 J. W. Krause loodud joonistust

  5. Rolf-Dieter Heuer, next Director General

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Council appointed Professor Rolf-Dieter Heuer to succeed Dr Robert Aymar as CERN’s Director General. Professor Heuer will serve a five-year term, taking office on 1 January 2009. Rolf-Dieter Heuer is currently Research Director for particle and astroparticle physics at Germany’s DESY laboratory in Hamburg. He was a staff member at CERN from 1984 to 1998, working for the OPAL collaboration at LEP, and from 1994 to 1998 he was the collaboration’s spokesman. See the Press Release.

  6. Motivation for weight loss affects recall from autobiographical memory in dieters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johannessen, Kim Berg; Berntsen, Dorthe

    2009-01-01

    and 18 normal weight non-dieters. Memories recalled in response to dieting-related cue words were rated as more central to the person's identity and life story and contained more body- or weight-related elements for the dieters than the non-dieters. No differences between dieters and non-dieters were...... found on memories recalled in response to neutral cue words. The findings are discussed in relation to the notions of the working self (Conway & Pleydell-Pearce, 2000) and current concerns (Klinger, 1978).......Two studies examined the connection between motivation for weight loss and autobiographical memory by comparing characteristics of autobiographical memories between dieters and non-dieters. Study 1 involved 29 normal/overweight dieters and 48 non-dieters, and Study 2 involved 18 obese dieters...

  7. A defense of Hellwig-Kraus reductions

    CERN Document Server

    Mould, R A

    1999-01-01

    Aharonov and Albert analyze a thought experiment which they believe shows that quantum mechanical state reductions occur along temporal hypersurfaces in Minkowski space. They conclude that the covariant state reduction theory of Hellwig and Kraus does not apply. In Part I of this paper we disagree with this interpretation of the A-A experiment, and show the adequacy of the H-K theory. In Part II we examine the belief that H-K reductions produce self contradicting causal loops, and/or give rise to absurd boundary conditions. These objections to the theory are shown to be unfounded.

  8. Poeetilise utoopia meister Aino Bach

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    28. III-11. V Adamson-Ericu muuseumis graafik Aino Bachi loomingu ülevaatenäitus. Võrdluseks on eksponeeritud Eduard Wiiralti ja Kaarel Liimandi tööd. Näha võib Mark Soosaare filmi A. Bachist "Liblikapüüdja" (1978). Kuraator Anne Lõugas, kujundaja Virge Jõekalda. Kai Tuviku juhendamisel muuseumitunnid "Kuidas joonistada inimest?". 1. IV seminaril "Naiskunstnik ja tema aeg. Aino Bach" esinejad, ettekanded

  9. Poeetilise utoopia meister Aino Bach

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    28. III-11. V Adamson-Ericu muuseumis graafik Aino Bachi loomingu ülevaatenäitus. Võrdluseks on eksponeeritud Eduard Wiiralti ja Kaarel Liimandi tööd. Näha võib Mark Soosaare filmi A. Bachist "Liblikapüüdja" (1978). Kuraator Anne Lõugas, kujundaja Virge Jõekalda. Kai Tuviku juhendamisel muuseumitunnid "Kuidas joonistada inimest?". 1. IV seminaril "Naiskunstnik ja tema aeg. Aino Bach" esinejad, ettekanded

  10. Post-Doctoral Fellowship for Merton S. Krause. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Philip W.

    The final quarter of Krause's fellowship year was spent in completing his interviews with political socialization researchers in the eastern United States and his work on methodological problems. Krause also completed a long essay on the nature and implications of the "matrix perspective" for research planning, pursued his study of measurement…

  11. Dieter Möhl (1936–2012)

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    It is with great emotion and deep sadness that we learnt of the loss of our colleague and friend Dieter Möhl on 24 May. An accelerator physicist of world reputation, he made essential contributions to many projects at CERN and around the world. Here at CERN his name will remain forever linked with the success of the antiproton programme from its very beginning, but he also made substantial contributions to the FAIR project in Germany and to many other storage rings where beam cooling was an essential ingredient. His theoretical work was unique for the understanding, improvement and extension of beam cooling techniques to many accelerators and storage rings.   He was one of the pioneers who demonstrated by the Initial Cooling Experiment (ICE) that stochastic cooling was a viable proposition. This was essential for the approval of the CERN antiproton programme and its success.  Then, he was a leading member of the team which initiated and designed the Low Energy Antiproton Rin...

  12. Heinrich Dieter Holland (1927-2012)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turekian, Karl K.

    2012-08-01

    Heinrich Dieter "Dick" Holland, who died on 21 May 2012, was responsible for major advances across several fields of geochemistry. He was born on 27 May 1927 and died just short of his 85th birthday. How Dick became a geochemist is an interesting story in itself. I first met Dick when we shared an office as graduate students at Columbia University in New York. He had attended Princeton University in New Jersey and graduated in 1946 with a chemistry major. He had arrived in the United States with his family from Germany in 1940. The family was of Jewish origin, and although Dick and his relatives were not strict practitioners, their fate in Hitler's Germany, dictated by the family's ancestry, would have been undesirable. Dick and his brother first went to England in 1939 to escape the future horrors that were sure to await them if they had remained in Germany. After their parents escaped to the Dominican Republic, Dick and his brother joined them there. With the help of friends, the family came to the United States from the Dominican Republic in 1940 (it was not unusual for immigrants to first come to a landing spot in the western hemisphere prior to admission to the United States).

  13. Wulff Dieter Heintz (1930-2006)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Augensen, Harry J.; Mason, Brian D.; Hartkopf, William I.

    2007-08-01

    Wulff Dieter Heintz, Professor Emeritus of Astronomy at Swarthmore College, passed away at his home on 10 June 2006, following a two-year battle with lung cancer. He had just turned 76 a week earlier. Wulff was one of the leading authorities on visual double stars, and was also a chess master. A prominent educator, researcher, and scholar, Wulff was noted for being both succinct and meticulous in everything he did. Wulff Heintz was born on 3 June 1930 in Wcorrectly” using his right hand, and so he became ambidextrous. During the 1930s, Wulff's family saw the rise of Adolph Hitler and lived under the repressive Nazi regime. Conditions were austere, and it was often difficult to find fuel to keep the house warm. As a teenager during World War II, Wulff listened to his family radio for any news from the outside world. He used to say that he loved the blackouts during the bombing runs because it made it much easier to see the stars. One night, an incendiary bomb landed on the roof of his family home, and Wulff climbed up to the roof and extinguished it. The next morning, he saw that his high school had been completely leveled by Allied bombs. As Germany continued to suffer massive losses on the Russian Front, primarily due to unexpectedly severe winters, teenage boys were inducted into the military and sent off to replenish the troops. To avoid an uncertain fate, Wulff hid out in a farmhouse in the countryside outside Munich. When the Allied troops invaded Germany in 1945, the young Wulff volunteered to translate information from the American and British soldiers to the local villagers. During this time, the soldiers taught Wulff how to smoke cigarettes, a habit which he continued until his final days, even after having been diagnosed with lung cancer.

  14. Blindness of Johann Sebastian Bach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarkkanen, Ahti

    2013-03-01

    Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) was one of the greatest composers of all time. Apart from performing as a brilliant organist, he composed over 1.100 works in almost every musical genre. He was known as a hardworking, deeply Christian person, who had to support his family of 20 children and many students staying at his home. At the age of 64 years, his vision started to decline. Old biographies claim that it was the result of overstressing his vision in poor illumination. By persuasion of his friends, he had his both eyes operated by a travelling British eye surgeon. A cataract couching was performed. After surgery, Bach was totally blind and unable to play an organ, compose or direct choirs and orchestras. He was confined to bed and suffering from immense pain of the eyes and the body. He died <4 months after surgery. In this paper, as the plausible diagnosis, intractable glaucoma because of pupillary block or secondary to phacoanaphylactic endophthalmitis is suggested. © 2012 The Author. Acta Ophthalmologica © 2012 Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation.

  15. Obituary: John Daniel Kraus, 1910-2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraus, John D., Jr.; Marhefka, Ronald J.

    2005-12-01

    John Daniel Kraus, 94, of Delaware, Ohio, director of the Ohio State University "Big Ear" Radio Observatory, physicist, inventor, and environmentalist died 18 July 2004 at his home in Delaware, Ohio. He was born on 28 June 1910 in Ann Arbor, Michigan. He received a Bachelor of Science in 1930, a Master of Science in 1931, and a PhD in physics in 1933 (at 23 years of age), all from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. During the 1930s at Michigan, he was involved in physics projects, antenna consulting, and in atomic-particle-accelerator research using the University of Michigan's premier cyclotron. Throughout the late 1920s and the 1930s, John was an avid radio amateur with call sign W8JK. He was back on the air in the 1970s. In 2001 the amateur radio magazine CQ named him to the inaugural class of its Amateur Radio Hall of Fame. He developed many widely used innovative antennas. The "8JK closely spaced array" and the "corner reflector" were among his early designs. Edwin H. Armstrong wrote John in July 1941 indicating in part, "I have read with interest your article in the Proceedings of the Institute on the corner reflector...Please let me congratulate you on a very fine piece of work." Perhaps John's most famous invention, and a product of his intuitive reasoning process, is the helical antenna, widely used in space communications, on global positioning satellites, and for other applications. During World War II, John was in Washington, DC as a civilian scientist with the U.S. Navy responsible for "degaussing" the electromagnetic fields of steel ships to make them safe from magnetic mines. He also worked on radar countermeasures at Harvard University's Radio Research Laboratory. He received the U.S. Navy Meritorious Civilian Service Award for his war work. In 1946 he took a faculty position at Ohio State University, becoming professor in 1949, and retiring in 1980 as McDougal Professor Emeritus of Electrical Engineering and Astronomy. Even so, he never retired

  16. Kontaktimprovisatsioon / Dieter Heitkamp ; tõlkija Erni Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heitkamp, Dieter

    2006-01-01

    Saksa koreograaf, tantsija ja tantsupedagoog Dieter Heitkamp tantsu- ja liikumisvormist nimega kontaktimprovisatsioon, millega ta tegeleb juba rohkem kui 25 aastat. Sümpoosionil "Thinking Movement" (sept. 1988 Kölnis) peetud ettekanne "Assisted Levitation or the Dissolution of Gravity" lühendatult

  17. Rolf-Dieter Heuer, director-general, CERN, Geneva, Switzerland

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    Rolf-Dieter Heuer built a strong career at the leading edge of particle physics, in part by listening to advice - for example, his high-school teacher confirmed his notion that a career in anything other than physics would be a mistake.

  18. Rolf-Dieter Heuer is CERN's next Director General

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    The CERN Council has appointed Rolf-Dieter Heuer to succedd Robert Aymar as CENR's Director General, starting 1st january 2009; Since 2004, Heuer has been the research director for particle and astroparticle at Germany's DESY laboratory in Hambourg. (1/2 page)

  19. Kontaktimprovisatsioon / Dieter Heitkamp ; tõlkija Erni Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heitkamp, Dieter

    2006-01-01

    Saksa koreograaf, tantsija ja tantsupedagoog Dieter Heitkamp tantsu- ja liikumisvormist nimega kontaktimprovisatsioon, millega ta tegeleb juba rohkem kui 25 aastat. Sümpoosionil "Thinking Movement" (sept. 1988 Kölnis) peetud ettekanne "Assisted Levitation or the Dissolution of Gravity" lühendatult

  20. Controllability of open quantum systems with Kraus-map dynamics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu Rong; Pechen, Alexander; Brif, Constantin; Rabitz, Herschel [Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)

    2007-05-25

    This paper presents a constructive proof of complete kinematic state controllability of finite-dimensional open quantum systems whose dynamics are represented by Kraus maps. For any pair of states (pure or mixed) on the Hilbert space of the system, we explicitly show how to construct a Kraus map that transforms one state into another. Moreover, we prove by construction the existence of a Kraus map that transforms all initial states into a predefined target state (such a process may be used, for example, in quantum information dilution). Thus, in sharp contrast to unitary control, Kraus-map dynamics allows for the design of controls which are robust to variations in the initial state of the system. The capabilities of non-unitary control for population transfer between pure states illustrated for an example of a two-level system by constructing a family of non-unitary Kraus maps to transform one pure state into another. The problem of dynamic state controllability of open quantum systems (i.e., controllability of state-to-state transformations, given a set of available dynamical resources such as coherent controls, incoherent interactions with the environment, and measurements) is also discussed.

  1. An aspect of harmony in music of Johann Sebastian Bach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oort, F.

    2001-01-01

    Understanding Bach through Science, Art and Criticism. International Symposium on Johann Sebastian Bach. University of Oxford. 17 and 18 December 2001 Introduction In 1752 F. W. Marpurg wrote in his "Vorwort zum Neudruck der Kunst der Fuge (Berlin), that Johann Sebastian Bach had a "tiefen

  2. Distractibility in dieters and nondieters: an alternative view of "externality".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herman, C P; Polivy, J; Pliner, P; Threlkeld, J; Munic, D

    1978-05-01

    Two experiments were performed in an investigation of the effects of distraction and emotional arousal on the proofreading performance of dieting female subjects. In Experiment 1, it was found that distraction initially impaired the performance of dieters and facilitated the performance of nondieters, a pattern previously shown by Rodin to apply to obese and normal weight subjects, respectively, and interpreted as evidence of greater externality in the obese. Subsequent retesting of the same subjects in succeeding months, however, revealed a complete reversal of the original results. In Experiment 2, the reaction to distraction found in the first phase of Experiment 1 was obtained when subjects were in a situation of minimal threat. In a situation of high threat, the relative distractibility of dieters was reversed, as in the latter phases of Experiment 1. An explanation is offered for these data in terms of the greater emotionality of dieters, the susceptibility of cognitive performance to arousal (distraction, anxiety) manipulations, and the potentially competing effects of distraction and anxiety. Implications for the prevailing "trait" view of externality (stimulus binding) are discussed.

  3. The Ordovician ostracodes established by Aurel Krause, Part II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Schallreuter

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The revision of ostracodes originally established by Aurel Krause is continued and finished with the description of the following species: Primitia distans, P. elongata, P. cincta, P. excavata, P. papillata, P. plicata, P. schmidtii, Strepula limbata, S. simplex, Entomis obliqua, E. plicata, E. sigma, E. sigma ornata, E. simplex, E. trilobata, Beyrichia erratica, B. erratica granulosa, B. erratica acuta, B. harpa, and B. marchica lata. Three of these species are younger primary homonyms. For Beyrichia erratica granulosa Krause, 1891 a respective decision of the ICZN according to art. 23.9.5 is presently unnecessary, because it has an older synonym (Beyrichia grewingkii Bock, 1867, and Primitia excavata Krause, 1892 has a younger synonym (Laccochilina paucigranosa Jaanusson, 1957. The third homonym, Beyrichia marchica lata Krause, 1891, is considered as a nomen protectum. Entomis sigma ornata, and E. plicata are presently considered as nomina dubia. Since the type material of the three species P. distans, E. sigma, and E. simplex is apparently lost, neotypes are designated. doi:10.1002/mmng.201300007

  4. The Ordovician ostracodes established by Aurel Krause, Part I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Schallreuter

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The lack of a revision of the ostracodes described by Aurel Krause at the end of the 19th century from glacial erratic boulders from Berlin and the Mark Brandenburg (Northern Germany has led to taxonomic confusion in the corresponding literature of the 20th century. To attain stability in names, some of Krause's ostracode species have been revised based on the types stored in the Museum für Naturkunde Berlin, namely Primitia plana, P. plana tuberculata, P. intermedia, P. globifera, Entomis sigma antiquata, Bollia v-scripta, B. granulosa, B. duplex, Strepula lineata, Isochilina canaliculata, Beyrichia dissecta, B. mamillosa, B. signata, and B. bidens. Most species have up to four younger synonyms among species described later from outcrops or borings in Baltoscandia or glacial erratic boulders of Northern Germany and Sweden. Three of Krause's species, which have been considered as nomina dubia by Jaanusson are in fact valid species. Some of Krause's species or of their synonyms are type species. doi:10.1002/mmng.201000015

  5. Positive Feed-Bach: A Motivation Game.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, William G.

    1984-01-01

    Classroom scrip emblazoned with a picture of Johann Sebastian Bach is used to motivate junior high school students. Students are paid for cooperation and performance. Two auctions are held during the school year, at which students can spend the scrip on musical items. (CS)

  6. Dieter Falkenhagen (1942-2015): a multifaceted scientist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stegmayr, Bernd; Klinkmann, Horst

    2015-11-01

    Dieter Falkenhagen was born in 1942 in Dresden, Germany and died in 2015. He specialized in internal medicine and nephrology. Focusing on artificial organ research, he investigated various aspects of the efficacy and safety of hemodialysis and adsorption technologies, including biocompatibility issues related to blood versus surface interactions and the adverse effects of endotoxin contamination. He studied various mathematical models to analyze efficacy and safety, and animal models to help clarify uncertainty issues. Through his studies, adsorbents were developed, resulting in Prometheus, an artificial liver support device. Anticoagulation models, including citrate perfusion, were improved and made safer by his work. He also stepped into bioreactor research to increase efficacy of liver support devices.

  7. Influence on and Severity of Weight Concern: Bulimics, Dieters, and Controls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Terri L.; Wolchik, Sharlene A.

    Little previous research has compared bulimics to dieters who do not binge eat but who are also concerned with their weight. This study examined differences between college students who were classified as either bulimic (N=21), chronic dieters (N=29), or controls (N=83). The extent to which remarks made by significant others and failure…

  8. The noisy Hegselmann-Krause model for opinion dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Pineda, Miguel; Hernandez-Garcia, Emilio

    2013-01-01

    In the model for continuous opinion dynamics introduced by Hegselmann and Krause, each individual moves to the average opinion of all individuals within an area of confidence. In this work we study the effects of noise in this system. With certain probability, individuals are given the opportunity to change spontaneously their opinion to another one selected randomly inside the opinion space with different rules. If the random jump does not occur, individuals interact through the Hegselmann-Krause's rule. We analyze two cases, one where individuals can carry out opinion random jumps inside the whole opinion space, and other where they are allowed to perform jumps just inside a small interval centered around the current opinion. We found that these opinion random jumps change the model behavior inducing interesting phenomena. Using pattern formation techniques, we obtain approximate analytical results for critical conditions of opinion cluster formation. Finally, we compare the results of this work with the no...

  9. The activities of Professor Curt Krause in Bulgaria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivanova, T

    1999-01-01

    Prof. C. Krause spent six years in Bulgaria, from 1928 to 1934. He officially assumed his position on October 10, 1928, as he delivered his opening lecture titled About the past, present and future of the general pathology and pathological anatomy. He worked skillfully and with utmost devotion on the organization of the department of General Pathology and Pathological Anatomy at the Veterinary Faculty. The educational process normalized. Seven students completed their doctoral theses under his leadership and first research assistants were prepared. He lay the foundations of the pathoanatomical museum in his department. Prof. Krauseus contributions to the development of the pathological anatomy in Bulgaria both as a scientific discipline and as a veterinary practice are substantial. In 1939, Prof. Krause received the highest honour for his work in Bulgaria - he was awarded the title of doctor honoris causa of veterinary medicine of the Sofia University.

  10. Solution of the Lindblad equation in the Kraus representation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakazato, H.; Hida, Y.; Yuasa, K.; Militello, B.; Napoli, A.; Messina, A.

    2006-12-01

    The so-called Lindblad equation, a typical master equation describing the dissipative quantum dynamics, is shown to be solvable for finite-level systems in a compact form without resort to writing it down as a set of equations among matrix elements. The solution is then naturally given in an operator form, known as the Kraus representation. Following a few simple examples, the general applicability of the method is clarified.

  11. Rolf-Dieter Heuer, CERN’s next Director General

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    Currently Research Director for particle and astroparticle physics at Germany’s DESY laboratory in Hamburg, Professor Heuer will serve a five-year term, taking office on 1 January 2009.The CERN Council has appointed Professor Rolf-Dieter Heuer to succeed Dr Robert Aymar as CERN’s Director-General. Professor Heuer will serve a five-year term, taking office on 1 January 2009. Currently Research Director for particle and astroparticle physics at Germany’s DESY laboratory in Hamburg, a post that he took up in 2004, Rolf-Dieter Heuer is no stranger to CERN. From 1984 to 1998, he was a staff member at the Laboratory, working for the OPAL collaboration at the Large Electron Positron collider. From 1994 to 1998, he was the collaboration’s spokesman. "This is a very exciting time for particle physics," said Heuer. "To become CERN’s Director-General for the early years of LHC operation is a great honour, a great challenge, and probably the best job in physics research tod...

  12. USING BACH FLOWER IN HOLISTIC PSYCHOTHERAPY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vagner Ferreira do Nascimento

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available This is a narrative review from scientific literature that aimed to describe concepts and approaches for indications of the therapeutic use of Bach flower remedies in holistic psychotherapy. The review was developed in February 2016 from books, official documents and articles indexed in Lilacs and Scielo databases. Bach flower remedies is a therapeutic method that aims to restore the balance of human being, restoring its vital energy through holistic care. Because the flower essences act on psychic and emotional dimension of individual, when employed in holistic psychotherapy can provide greater autonomy, self-care and effectiveness compared to other alternative methods. The literature indicated that flower essence therapy is a safe practice and can be used in a complementary to health care, but should be performed by qualified professionals. It has also shown to be a promising and important area for nursing professional, but it still requires greater investment in research in the area to support the practice.

  13. Analysis list: Bach2 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Bach2 Blood + mm9 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/target/Bach2.1.tsv... http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/target/Bach2.5.tsv http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/target/Bac...h2.10.tsv http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/colo/Bach2.Blood.tsv http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/colo/Blood.gml ...

  14. Savisaare jõuluime taustaks on valimiseelne leping Kruudaga / Hannes Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krause, Hannes

    2005-01-01

    Keskerakonna esimehele Edgar Savisaarele Keila-Joal asuva suvila müümisest alla turuhinna. Kommenteerivad Ivar Tallo ja Margus Leivo. Lisad: Savisaare majatehing; Tehing; Savisaarel teine majaskandaal. Vt. samas: Hannes Krause, Jaanus Piirsalu. Aruanne võib näidata maja õiget hinda; Hannes Krause, Kristjan Jõevere. Savisaare omaga sarnane maja müügis 3 miljoniga

  15. Savisaare jõuluime taustaks on valimiseelne leping Kruudaga / Hannes Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krause, Hannes

    2005-01-01

    Keskerakonna esimehele Edgar Savisaarele Keila-Joal asuva suvila müümisest alla turuhinna. Kommenteerivad Ivar Tallo ja Margus Leivo. Lisad: Savisaare majatehing; Tehing; Savisaarel teine majaskandaal. Vt. samas: Hannes Krause, Jaanus Piirsalu. Aruanne võib näidata maja õiget hinda; Hannes Krause, Kristjan Jõevere. Savisaare omaga sarnane maja müügis 3 miljoniga

  16. Oral Histories in Meteoritics and Planetary Science—XXIII: Dieter Stöffler

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sears, Derek W. G.

    2013-09-01

    In this interview, Dieter Stöffler (Fig. 1) describes how his interest in meteorites and impact craters dates from his Ph.D. studies at the University of Tübingen when it was learned that the Ries crater was formed by impact. A paper by Dieter's advisor, Wolf von Engelhardt, also triggered an interest in meteorites. After graduation, Dieter helped to establish a laboratory for high pressure mineralogy and he examined rocks from the Ries crater, which led to the concept of progressive shock metamorphism. The group also worked on newly returned Apollo samples and guided astronauts over the crater. A year at the NASA Ames Research Center taught Dieter about experimental impact research with a light-gas gun. After a few more years at Tübingen, Dieter obtained a professorship at the University of Münster where he created the Institute of Planetology, got involved in planning space missions including comet sample return, and continued high pressure mineralogy in collaboration with colleagues in Freiburg. Through several decades of research, Dieter and colleagues have documented the effects of shock on all the major rock-forming minerals and devised widely accepted schemes for the classification of shocked rocks. After the unification of Germany, Dieter became Director of the Natural History Museum in Berlin, during which he made much progress rebuilding the laboratories and the collections. Dieter also helped to create a museum and research center in the Ries crater. He received the Barringer Award of the Meteoritical Society in 1994 and several prestigious awards in Germany.

  17. Cohort profile: the Boston Area Community Health (BACH) survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piccolo, Rebecca S; Araujo, Andre B; Pearce, Neil; McKinlay, John B

    2014-02-01

    The Boston Area Community Health (BACH) Survey is a community-based, random sample, epidemiologic cohort of n = 5502 Boston (MA) residents. The baseline BACH Survey (2002-05) was designed to explore the mechanisms conferring increased health risks on minority populations with a particular focus on urologic signs/symptoms and type 2 diabetes. To this end, the cohort was designed to include adequate numbers of US racial/ethnic minorities (Black, Hispanic, White), both men and women, across a broad age of distribution. Follow-up surveys were conducted ∼5 (BACH II, 2008) and 7 (BACH III, 2010) years later, which allows for both within- and between-person comparisons over time. The BACH Survey's measures were designed to cover the following seven broad categories: socio-demographics, health care access/utilization, lifestyles, psychosocial factors, health status, physical measures and biochemical parameters. The breadth of measures has allowed BACH researchers to identify disparities and quantify contributions to social disparities in a number of health conditions including urologic conditions (e.g. nocturia, lower urinary tract symptoms, prostatitis), type 2 diabetes, obesity, bone mineral content and density, and physical function. BACH I data are available through the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) Central Repositories (www.niddkrepository.org). Further inquiries can be made through the New England Research Institutes Inc. website (www.neriscience.com/epidemiology).

  18. Microfilming of the Bach Manuscripts in the Staatsbibliothek Berlin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penzold, Leonhard

    1998-01-01

    Describes a microfilming project to preserve music manuscripts of Johann Sebastian Bach at the Staatsbibliothek Berlin (Germany), highlighting project goals, problems and peculiarities encountered filming the collection, color micrography, and black-and-white filming. (PEN)

  19. Instructional Practices: Teaching Speech Composition with J. S. Bach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merriam, Allen H.

    1979-01-01

    Describes the structural similarities inherent in musical and linguistic compositions and how they reflect basic human impulses and principles of effective composition. Uses Bach's "Passacaglia" to illustrate the characteristics of good composition. (JMF)

  20. Anneli Remme soovitab : Ajaloo ilu - Johann Sebastian Bach / Anneli Remme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Remme, Anneli, 1968-

    2005-01-01

    Agentuuri Corelli Music ja Eesti Klavessiinisõprade Tsunfti korraldatavast klavessiinikontsertide sarjast "Ajaloo ilu - Johann Sebastian Bach" (avakontserdid 17. sept. Kadrioru lossis, 18. sept. Pärnu Eliisabeti kirikus)

  1. Anneli Remme soovitab : Ajaloo ilu - Johann Sebastian Bach / Anneli Remme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Remme, Anneli, 1968-

    2005-01-01

    Agentuuri Corelli Music ja Eesti Klavessiinisõprade Tsunfti korraldatavast klavessiinikontsertide sarjast "Ajaloo ilu - Johann Sebastian Bach" (avakontserdid 17. sept. Kadrioru lossis, 18. sept. Pärnu Eliisabeti kirikus)

  2. 《"BACH"解密》节选(二)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵晓生

    2008-01-01

    @@ 2."H-C-A-B",或"H-C-(A)-B". 这是"BACH"的逆行(R)或倒影(I)形态,"BACH"是一个高度内对称的音高结构,它的"倒影"即"逆行","原型"即"倒影逆行",正因为如此,每种形态只有两种变化形式.

  3. The Analysis of Symbolismin The Children's Bach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙洪岩

    2011-01-01

    Helen Garner's Children's Bach was a novel organized as music of the main line. The essay was aimed to analyze the symbolism in The Children's Bach. Symbolism in the novel implied that women in the patriarchal society were bounded and didn't have their right of discourse and that traditional value and modem value of American had conflicts between each other.

  4. Shakespearean Thoughts as Statutes. Law and Literature in Karl Kraus Pensieri shakespeariani come leggi dello stato. Letteratura e diritto in Karl Kraus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Fantappie

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available It is not possible to understand Karl Kraus, claims Walter Benjamin, without assuming that in the oeuvre of the Viennese writer "everything takes place in the sphere of law". In Kraus’s thought legal issues are strongly related to literature and language. His concept of law stems from a higher ideal of ‘justice’; justice is based on language and language has a strong ideal and prescriptive value. Through the use of quotation Kraus charges literature and journalism with betraying language, while on the other hand he charges law with betraying justice. This essay aims at demonstrating trough an interdisciplinary approach that Kraus did not only involve law issues in his literary writings, he also invested some literary works – especially Shakespeare’s plays – with a legal value. In Kraus’s thought Shakespeare is a symbol of consubstantiality between reality and literature, and an 'encyclopedia' providing eternally valid categories. As an ideal paradigm for the interpretation of reality, Shakespeare is the utopian background of Kraus’s reflection on language and justice, bearing witness to the indissolubility, in Kraus’s thought, of literature and law.   È impossibile comprendere alcunché di Karl Kraus, afferma Walter Benjamin, se non si capisce che nell’opera del grande scrittore viennese «tutto ha luogo nella sfera del diritto». In Kraus l’analisi delle questioni giuridiche è inscindibile dalla riflessione sulla letteratura e sul linguaggio. La disamina del diritto muove da un più alto ideale di giustizia fondato sulla lingua, e specularmente il linguaggio possiede una forte valenza ideale e prescrittivo-normativa. Attraverso l’uso della citazione Kraus mette sotto accusa letteratura e giornalismo in nome di un più alto ideale di lingua, mentre nei suoi scritti letterari mette sotto accusa il sistema del diritto in nome di un più alto ideale di giustizia. Scopo del presente saggio è dimostrare, utilizzando un

  5. Model and simulation of Krause model in dynamic open network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Meixia; Xie, Guangqiang

    2017-08-01

    The construction of the concept of evolution is an effective way to reveal the formation of group consensus. This study is based on the modeling paradigm of the HK model (Hegsekmann-Krause). This paper analyzes the evolution of multi - agent opinion in dynamic open networks with member mobility. The results of the simulation show that when the number of agents is constant, the interval distribution of the initial distribution will affect the number of the final view, The greater the distribution of opinions, the more the number of views formed eventually; The trust threshold has a decisive effect on the number of views, and there is a negative correlation between the trust threshold and the number of opinions clusters. The higher the connectivity of the initial activity group, the more easily the subjective opinion in the evolution of opinion to achieve rapid convergence. The more open the network is more conducive to the unity of view, increase and reduce the number of agents will not affect the consistency of the group effect, but not conducive to stability.

  6. Synoptisches Erzählen - Darstellungen des Bombenkriegs bei Gert Ledig, Alexander Kluge und Dieter Forte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoffmann, Birthe

    2009-01-01

    Artiklen foretager en sammenlignende analyse af Gert Ledigs roman "Vergeltung" (1956), Alexander Kluges hybride tekst "Der Luftangriff auf Halberstadt am 8. April 1945" (1976) og Dieter Fortes roman "Der Junge mit den Blutigen Schuhen" (1995) med henblik på en diskussion af fortællemæssige...

  7. Why Most Dieters Fail but Some Succeed: A Goal Conflict Model of Eating Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stroebe, Wolfgang; van Koningsbruggen, Guido M.; Papies, Esther K.; Aarts, Henk

    2013-01-01

    Theories of eating regulation often attribute overweight to a malfunction of homeostatic regulation of body weight. With the goal conflict model of eating, we present a new perspective that attributes the difficulty of chronic dieters (i.e., restrained eaters) in regulating their food intake to a conflict between 2 incompatible goals--namely,…

  8. Motivation for Weight Loss affects recall from Autobiographical Memory in Dieters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johannessen, Kim Berg; Berntsen, Dorthe

    2008-01-01

    Two studies examined the connection between motivation and autobiographical memories. We expected memories recalled in response to dieting-related cue words to be more central to the person's identity and life story and to contain more body and weight related elements for dieters than for non...... the concept of current concerns and the theory of the working self....

  9. Motivation for Weight Loss affects recall from Autobiographical Memory in Dieters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johannessen, Kim Berg; Berntsen, Dorthe

    2008-01-01

    Two studies examined the connection between motivation and autobiographical memories. We expected memories recalled in response to dieting-related cue words to be more central to the person's identity and life story and to contain more body and weight related elements for dieters than for non...... the concept of current concerns and the theory of the working self....

  10. Inducing negative affect increases the reward value of appetizing foods in dieters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, Dylan D; Boswell, Rebecca G; Kelley, William M; Heatherton, Todd F

    2012-07-01

    Experiencing negative affect frequently precedes lapses in self-control for dieters, smokers, and drug addicts. Laboratory research has similarly shown that inducing negative emotional distress increases the consumption of food or drugs. One hypothesis for this finding is that emotional distress sensitizes the brain's reward system to appetitive stimuli. Using functional neuroimaging, we demonstrate that inducing negative affect in chronic dieters increases activity in brain regions representing the reward value of appetitive stimuli when viewing appetizing food cues. Thirty female chronic dieters were randomly assigned to receive either a negative (n = 15) or neutral mood induction (n = 15) immediately followed by exposure to images of appetizing foods and natural scenes during fMRI. Compared with chronic dieters in a neutral mood, those receiving a negative mood induction showed increased activity in the OFC to appetizing food images. In addition, activity to food images in the OFC and ventral striatum was correlated with individual differences in the degree to which the negative mood induction decreased participants' self-esteem. These findings suggest that distress sensitizes the brain's reward system to appetitive cues, thereby offering a mechanism for the oft-observed relationship between negative affect and disinhibited eating.

  11. Rigidity of complete noncompact bach-flat n-manifolds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Yawei; Feng, Pinghua

    2012-11-01

    Let (Mn,g) be a complete noncompact Bach-flat n-manifold with the positive Yamabe constant and constant scalar curvature. Assume that the L2-norm of the trace-free Riemannian curvature tensor R∘m is finite. In this paper, we prove that (Mn,g) is a constant curvature space if the L-norm of R∘m is sufficiently small. Moreover, we get a gap theorem for (Mn,g) with positive scalar curvature. This can be viewed as a generalization of our earlier results of 4-dimensional Bach-flat manifolds with constant scalar curvature R≥0 [Y.W. Chu, A rigidity theorem for complete noncompact Bach-flat manifolds, J. Geom. Phys. 61 (2011) 516-521]. Furthermore, when n>9, we derive a rigidity result for R<0.

  12. [Bach flower remedies: a critic of the pseudoscientific, pseudomedicinal concepts and philosophical postures inducted by Dr Bach theory].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monvoisin, R

    2005-11-01

    Bach Flower Remedies (EFB) are the implements of a so-called alternative pseudo-therapy, which is increasingly widespread in France. In view of the social impact of those alleged complementary health approaches and blurred lines between parapharmaceutical trends and those that promote well-being, critical investigation seems to be required to promote a piece of objective information on this subject. The zetetic methodology appears to be the most effective for dealing with the question, we therefore applied a critical study to both EFB and alternative therapy of Dr Bach. We show that EFB effectiveness is not formally established, that the basic principles of Bach's theory are settled on ungrounded, deeply intuitive hypotheses, belong to magical thinking, and do promote philosophical approaches that weaken patients-consumers, particularly with regard to sectarian trends. We insist on the need for training in effective tools for criticism.

  13. The Normal Conformal Cartan Connection and the Bach Tensor

    CERN Document Server

    Korzynski, M; Korzynski, Mikolaj; Lewandowski, Jerzy

    2003-01-01

    The goal of this paper is to express the Bach tensor of a four dimensional conformal geometry of an arbitrary signature by the Cartan normal conformal (CNC) connection. We show that the Bach tensor can be identified with the Yang-Mills current of the connection. It follows from that result that a conformal geometry whose CNC connection is reducible in an appropriate way has a degenerate Bach tensor. As an example we study the case of a CNC connection which admits a twisting covariantly constant twistor field. This class of conformal geometries of this property is known as given by the Fefferman metric tensors. We use our result to calculate the Bach tensor of an arbitrary Fefferman metric and show it is proportional to the tensorial square of the four-fold eigenvector of the Weyl tensor. Finally, we solve the Yang-Mills equations imposed on the CNC connection for all the homogeneous Fefferman metrics. The only solution is the Nurowski-Plebanski metric.

  14. Are the alleged remains of Johann Sebastian Bach authentic?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zegers, Richard H C; Maas, Mario; Koopman, A Ton G; Maat, George J R

    2009-02-16

    A skeleton alleged to be that of Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) was exhumed from a graveyard in Leipzig, Germany, in 1894, but its authenticity is not established. In 1895, anatomist Wilhelm His concluded from his examination of the skeleton and reconstruction of the face that it most likely belonged to Bach. In 1949, surgeon Wolfgang Rosenthal noticed exostoses on the skeleton and on x-rays of 11 living organists and proposed a condition, Organistenkrankheit, which he interpreted as evidence that the skeleton was Bach's. However, our critical assessment of the remains analysis raises doubts: the localisation of the grave was dubious, and the methods used by His to reconstruct the face are controversial. Also, our study of the pelvic x-rays of 12 living professional organists failed to find evidence for the existence of Organistenkrankheit. We believe it is unlikely that the skeleton is that of Bach; techniques such as DNA analysis might help resolve the question but, to date, church authorities have not approved their use on the skeleton.

  15. Obituary: Wulff-Dieter Heintz, 1930-2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Augensen, Harry John; Geyer, Edward Heinrich

    2006-12-01

    Wulff Dieter Heintz, Professor Emeritus of Astronomy at Swarthmore College, passed away at his home on 10 June 2006, following a two-year battle with lung cancer. He had turned seventy-six just one week earlier. Wulff was a leading authority on visual double stars and also a chess master. A prominent educator, researcher, and scholar, Wulff was noted for being both succinct and meticulous in everything he did. Wulff Heintz was born on 3 June 1930 in Würzburg (Bavaria), Germany. Naturally left-handed, his elementary school teachers forced him to learn to write "correctly" using his right hand, and so he became ambidextrous. During the 1930s, Wulff's family saw the rise of Adolf Hitler and lived under the repressive Nazi regime. As a teenager during World War II, Wulff listened to his family radio for any news from the outside world. He used to say that he loved the blackouts during the bombing runs because it made it much easier to see the stars. On the night of 16 March 1945, Wulff's home town of Würzburg was heavily bombed, resulting in the destruction of eighty-five percent of the city and the deaths of several thousand civilians. One incendiary bomb landed on the roof of his family home, but Wulff climbed up to the roof and extinguished it before the flames could spread. The next morning, he discovered (with some delight) that his high school had burned to the ground. As Germany continued to suffer massive losses, teenage boys as young as fifteen were inducted into the military and sent off to replenish the troops. To avoid an uncertain fate, Wulff hid out in a farmhouse in the countryside outside of Munich. When the allied troops invaded Germany in 1945, Wulff volunteered to be a translator between the American and British soldiers and the local villagers. In return for his valuable service, the soldiers taught Wulff how to smoke cigarettes, a habit that he continued until his final days even after having been diagnosed with lung cancer. Shortly after the war

  16. Food cravings discriminate differentially between successful and unsuccessful dieters and non-dieters. Validation of the Food Cravings Questionnaires in German.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meule, Adrian; Lutz, Annika; Vögele, Claus; Kübler, Andrea

    2012-02-01

    Food cravings have been strongly associated with triggering food consumption. However, definitions and measurements of food cravings are heterogeneous. Therefore, Cepeda-Benito and colleagues (2000) have suggested the Food Cravings Questionnaires (FCQs) to measure food cravings as a multidimensional construct at trait- and state-level. In the current study, we validated a German version of the FCQs in an online study (N=616). The factor structure of the state and trait versions could partially be replicated, but yielded fewer than the originally proposed factors. Internal consistencies of both versions were very good (Cronbach's α>.90), whereas retest reliability of the state version was expectedly lower than that of the trait version. Construct validity of the trait version (FCQ-T) was demonstrated by high correlations with related eating behavior questionnaires and low correlations with questionnaires unrelated to eating. Most importantly, FCQ-T-subscales were able to discriminate between successful and unsuccessful dieters and non-dieters. Validity of the state version was supported by positive relations with food deprivation and current negative affect. Taken together, the German version of the FCQs has good psychometric properties. Moreover, this study provided first evidence that distinct dimensions of food cravings are differentially related to success and failure in dieting.

  17. In memoriam Dieter Möhl his life as a scientist, mentor and friend

    CERN Document Server

    Caspers, Fritz

    2013-01-01

    The scientific life of Dieter Möhl can be split up into four major categories; namely accelerators where he made major contributions, theory and teaching, advice to the management and human relations including human rights. Regarding the first point it should be recalled that Dieter is one of the founding fathers of LEAR and in parallel worked a lot on ICE, the PS as well as the AAC until it became the AD. The list of other machines (not always built) which have profited from his contributions is very long and include the RCS, SuperLEAR, Tau-charm and neutrino factories and also various rings of FAIR. Dieter was one of leading theorists in accelerator physics making fundamental contributions to stochastic cooling, ordered beam issues, electron cooling, polarized beams and beam stability problems. He was very often called in for advice by the management, not only at CERN but in numerous advisory committees. His excellent human qualities are known worldwide and they are held in the highest esteem in particular...

  18. Extremal Kähler metrics and Bach-Merkulov equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koca, Caner

    2013-08-01

    In this paper, we study a coupled system of equations on oriented compact 4-manifolds which we call the Bach-Merkulov equations. These equations can be thought of as the conformally invariant version of the classical Einstein-Maxwell equations. Inspired by the work of C. LeBrun on Einstein-Maxwell equations on compact Kähler surfaces, we give a variational characterization of solutions to Bach-Merkulov equations as critical points of the Weyl functional. We also show that extremal Kähler metrics are solutions to these equations, although, contrary to the Einstein-Maxwell analogue, they are not necessarily minimizers of the Weyl functional. We illustrate this phenomenon by studying the Calabi action on Hirzebruch surfaces.

  19. Extremal Kaehler Metrics and Bach-Merkulov Equations

    CERN Document Server

    Koca, Caner

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we study a coupled system of equations on oriented compact 4-manifolds which we call the Bach-Merkulov equations. These equations can be thought of as the conformally invariant version of the classical Einstein-Maxwell equations in general relativity. Inspired by the work of C. LeBrun on Einstein-Maxwell equations on compact Kaehler surfaces, we give a variational characterization of solutions to Bach-Merkulov equations as critical points of the Weyl functional. We also show that extremal Kaehler metrics are solutions to these equations, although, contrary to the Einstein-Maxwell analogue, they are not necessarily minimizers of the Weyl functional. We illustrate this phenomenon by studying the Calabi action on Hirzebruch surfaces.

  20. A rigidity theorem for complete noncompact Bach-flat manifolds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Yawei

    2011-02-01

    Let (M4,g) be a four-dimensional complete noncompact Bach-flat Riemannian manifold with positive Yamabe constant. In this paper, we show that (M4,g) has a constant curvature if it has a nonnegative constant scalar curvature and sufficiently small L2-norm of trace-free Riemannian curvature tensor. Moreover, we get a gap theorem for (M4,g) with positive scalar curvature.

  1. Cooperative transcriptional repression by BCL6 and BACH2 in germinal center B-cell differentiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Chuanxin; Geng, Huimin; Boss, Isaac; Wang, Ling; Melnick, Ari

    2014-02-13

    The transcriptional repressors BCL6 and BACH2 are crucial regulators of germinal center (GC) B-cell fate, and are known to interact and repress transcription of PRDM1, a key driver of plasma cell differentiation. How these factors cooperate is not fully understood. Herein, we show that GC formation is only minimally impaired in Bcl6(+/-) or Bach2(+/-) mice, although double heterozygous Bcl6(+/-)Bach2(+/-) mice exhibit profound reduction in GC formation. Splenic B cells from Bcl6(+/-) Bach2(+/-) mice display accelerated plasmacytic differentiation and high expression of key plasma cell genes such as Prdm1, Xbp1, and CD138. Chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing revealed that in B cells, BACH2 is mostly bound to genes together with its heterodimer partner MAFK. The BACH2-MAFK complex binds to sets of genes known to be involved in the GC response, 60% of which are also targets of BCL6. Approximately 30% of BACH2 peaks overlap with BCL6, including cis-regulatory sequences of the PRDM1 gene. BCL6 also modulates BACH2 protein stability and their protein levels are positively correlated in GC B cells. Therefore, BCL6 and BACH2 cooperate to orchestrate gene expression patterning in GC B cells through both transcriptional and biochemical mechanisms, which collectively determine the proper initiation and timing of terminal differentiation.

  2. Bach1-dependent and -independent Regulation of Heme Oxygenase-1 in Keratinocytes*

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Bach1 is a member of the basic leucine zipper transcription factor family, and the Bach1/small Maf heterodimer specifically represses transcriptional activity directed by the Maf recognition element (MARE). Because Bach1 is a repressor of the oxidative stress response, we examined the function(s) of Bach1 in keratinocytes subjected to oxidative stress. Oxidative stress induced by H2O2 led to an increase in MARE activity and expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), an inducible antioxidant defen...

  3. [Johann Sebastian Bach: life, oeuvre and his significance for the cardiology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trappe, H-J

    2014-12-01

    Johann Sebastian Bach was born on 1685 in Eisenach. By the time he turned 10, Bach found himself an orphan after the death of both of his parents. After working in Weimar, Arnstadt, Mühlhausen, and Köthen Bach signed a contract to become the new organist and teacher at St. Thomas Church Leipzig in 1723 and stayed there until his death. In 1749, Bach tried to fix his failing sight by having surgery the following year, but the operation ended up leaving him completely blind. Few months later, Bach suffered a stroke. He died in Leipzig on July 28, 1750. In recent years, there were some questions whether music of different styles can directly alter cardiovascular parameters, particularly by using Bach's music. In some studies it has been shown that cardiovascular parameters (blood pressure, heart rate) are influenced by music. Listening to classic music (Bach) leads to positive erffects, also music by Italian composters. In contrast, "modern" music, vocal music or songs had no positive effects on cardiovascular parameters. In addition, positive effects on cardiovascular parameters and behavioural patters have been shown in an animal study recently, by Bach's music. Recent studies showed clearly that music influences cardiovascular parameters. It is obvious that classical music (Bach) has benefitial effects, both in humans and in animals. Therefore, the music of the "Thomaskantor" will improve both, quality of life and cardiovascular health. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  4. Motivational dynamics underlying eating regulation in young and adult female dieters: relationships with healthy eating behaviours and disordered eating symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verstuyf, Joke; Vansteenkiste, Maarten; Soetens, Barbara; Soenens, Bart

    2016-06-01

    To investigate whether type of goals and motives underlying females' eating regulation are associated differentially with daily eating behaviours, dependent upon weight and age category. 99 late adolescent female dieters (Mage = 18.94) and 98 adult female dieters (Mage = 45.06), 23.6% of which were overweight, completed a questionnaire and a 7-day diary assessment. Descriptive analysis and path analysis were performed to investigate the research questions. Healthy eating behaviours (HEHS), drive for thinness and binge eating symptoms (EDI). Appearance-focused and controlled eating regulation were positively related to disordered eating symptoms throughout the week. In contrast, autonomous and health-focused eating regulation were associated positively with healthy eating behaviours and were either related negatively or unrelated to disordered eating symptoms. Mean level differences in motivation and eating behaviours emerged according to age and weight status. However, the examined structural model was similar for late adolescent and adult dieters and only few differences emerged between normal-weight and overweight dieters. Dieters' type of motivation helps to explain when eating regulation relates to healthy and disordered eating symptoms.

  5. Perspectives on the future of software engineering essays in honor of Dieter Rombach

    CERN Document Server

    Münch, Jürgen

    2013-01-01

    The dependence on quality software in all areas of life is what makes software engineering a key discipline for today's society. Thus, over the last few decades it has been increasingly recognized that it is particularly important to demonstrate the value of software engineering methods in real-world environments, a task which is the focus of empirical software engineering. One of the leading protagonists of this discipline worldwide is Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Dieter Rombach, who dedicated his entire career to empirical software engineering. For his many important contributions to the field he has

  6. A Defense of the Paraconsistent Approach to Quantum Superpositions (Answer to Arenhart and Krause)

    CERN Document Server

    de Ronde, Christian

    2014-01-01

    In (da Costa and de Ronde, 2014), Newton da Costa together with the author of this paper argued in favor of the possibility to consider quantum superpositions in terms of a paraconsistent approach. We claimed that, even though most interpretations of quantum mechanics attempt to escape contradictions, there are many hints that indicate it could be worth while to engage in a research of this kind. Recently, Arenhart and Krause (2014) have raised several arguments against this approach. In the present paper we attempt to answer the main questions presented by Arenhart and Krause. We will argue, firstly, that the obstacles presented by them are based on a specific metaphysical stance, which we will characterize in terms of what we call the Orthodox Line of Research (OLR). Secondly, that this is not necessarily the only possible line, and that a different one, namely, a Constructive Metaphysical Line of Research (CMLR) provides a different perspective in which the Paraconsistent Approach to Quantum Superpositions...

  7. How to Solve the Lindblad Equation: Solution in the Kraus Representation

    CERN Document Server

    Nakazato, H; Yuasa, K; Militello, B; Napoli, A; Messina, A

    2006-01-01

    The so-called Lindblad equation, a typical master equation describing the dissipative quantum dynamics, is shown to be solvable for finite-level systems in a compact form without resort to writing it down as a set of equations among matrix elements. The solution is then naturally given in an operator form, known as the Kraus representation. Following a few simple examples, the general applicability of the method is clarified.

  8. Jesu, meine Freude BWV 227 van Johann Sebastian Bach : een praedicatio sonora

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eikelboom, Arie

    2007-01-01

    In the oeuvre of Johann Sebastian Bach the motets take only a modest position. According to Bach's early biographers he must have written many motets, but only few have been preserved. Among these motets Jesu, meine Freude BWV 227 occupies a special position. It is the only one which combines a comp

  9. Jesu, meine Freude BWV 227 van Johann Sebastian Bach : een praedicatio sonora

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eikelboom, A.

    2007-01-01

    In the oeuvre of Johann Sebastian Bach the motets take only a modest position. According to Bach's early biographers he must have written many motets, but only few have been preserved. Among these motets Jesu, meine Freude BWV 227 occupies a special position. It is the only one which combines a

  10. 《"BACH 解密"》节选(一)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵晓生

    2008-01-01

    @@ 前 言 "BACH"是巴赫的姓氏;也是作曲家本人难以忘怀的-个核心音乐细胞情结.在中,笔者列举了巴赫应用"B-A-C-H"(bB-A-C-hB)四音列及其21种变形(连续上行与下行半音阶形态除外)共270余处,其中有相当部分属作者明显具有在音乐中隐藏自己姓氏的意图;

  11. Zinc mesoporphyrin induces rapid and marked degradation of the transcription factor Bach1 and up-regulates HO-1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hou, Weihong; Shan, Ying; Zheng, Jianyu; Lambrecht, Richard W; Donohue, Susan E; Bonkovsky, Herbert L

    2008-03-01

    Heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) is the first and rate-controlling enzyme in heme degradation. Bach1 is a mammalian transcriptional repressor of HO-1. To understand how zinc mesoporphyrin (ZnMP) induces the expression of HO-1, we investigated the effects of ZnMP on Bach1 mRNA and protein levels in human hepatoma Huh-7 cells by quantitative RT-PCR and Western blots. We found that ZnMP markedly up-regulated HO-1 mRNA and protein levels, and rapidly and significantly decreased Bach1 protein levels by increasing degradation of Bach1 protein [half life (t(1/2)) from 19 h to 45 min], whereas ZnMP did not influence Bach1 mRNA levels. The proteasome inhibitors, epoxomicin and MG132, significantly inhibited degradation of Bach1 by ZnMP in a dose-dependent fashion, indicating that the degradation of Bach1 by ZnMP is proteasome-dependent. Purified Bach1 C-terminal fragment bound heme, but there was no evidence for binding of ZnMP to the heme-binding region of Bach1. In conclusion, ZnMP produces profound post-transcriptional down-regulation of Bach1 protein levels and transcriptional up-regulation of HO-1. Our results indicate that ZnMP up-regulates HO-1 gene expression by markedly increasing Bach1 protein degradation in a proteasome-dependent manner.

  12. Probability and Style in the Chorales of J. S. Bach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew Woolhouse

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses de Clercq’s (2015 contribution to our understanding of the relationship between scale degree and cadence type within Bach chorales from the perspective of style and probability. De Clercq is applauded for the diligence of this research and for attempting to synthesize findings into a practical, working model of benefit to music-theory students and educators. A literal interpretation of a premise underpinning his model—that more common musical events are more indicative of a style—is, however, found to be inconsistent. A test is described in which university students enrolled in a second-level harmony class were presented with pairs of cadences. Cadences were manipulated in various ways, primarily to investigate whether the inclusion of certain figurations would result in a perfect-authentic cadence, the most ubiquitous cadence within Bach chorales, being considered less stylistic than a never-occurring cadence. This proved to be the case, demonstrating the importance of figuration over scale degree and cadence for the accomplishment of style. De Clercq’s model is further discussed with respect to probabilistic models of music and in relation to proscriptive approaches to teaching harmony.

  13. Keskpolügooni umbsõlme lahendamisel viimane vaatus / Hannes Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krause, Hannes

    2006-01-01

    Kaitseministeerium ja Kuusalu vald saavutasid kohtus võidu kolme maaomaniku üle, kellel on maatükk keskpolügooni alal. Kaitseministeerium peab veel läbirääkimisi 36 perekonnaga, kellele tehakse pakkumised nende maatükkide kasutusõiguse saamiseks. Vt. samas: Rein Sikk. Polügoon võttis naiselt kaks korda kodu ära. Hannes Krause. Keskpolügooni teeninduskeskuse ehitus käib juba kaks nädalat. Kaart. Kommenteerib Lauri Almann

  14. Keskpolügooni umbsõlme lahendamisel viimane vaatus / Hannes Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krause, Hannes

    2006-01-01

    Kaitseministeerium ja Kuusalu vald saavutasid kohtus võidu kolme maaomaniku üle, kellel on maatükk keskpolügooni alal. Kaitseministeerium peab veel läbirääkimisi 36 perekonnaga, kellele tehakse pakkumised nende maatükkide kasutusõiguse saamiseks. Vt. samas: Rein Sikk. Polügoon võttis naiselt kaks korda kodu ära. Hannes Krause. Keskpolügooni teeninduskeskuse ehitus käib juba kaks nädalat. Kaart. Kommenteerib Lauri Almann

  15. Deformation of Superoperator's Kraus Representation Derived by Weyl Correspondence and Entangled State Representation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Li-Yun; FAN Hong-Yi

    2008-01-01

    By virtue of the Weyl correspondence and based on the the technique of integration within an ordered product of operators, we show under what condition the superoperator's Kraus representation ρ'=∑μAμρAμ can be deformed as ρ' = (1/π) f d2αB(α)D(α)pD (α), where D(α) is the displacement operator, B(α) is a probability density related to the classical Weft correspondence of Aμ. An alternate discussion by using the entangled state representation and through a quantum teleportation process is also presented.

  16. BACH:最大的音乐家族

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱仁平

    1995-01-01

    我们都知道,现在常常提及的巴赫(BACH),是指历史上最重要的音乐家之一约翰·塞巴斯蒂安·巴赫(24),而两三百年之前,人们熟知的巴赫却是指他的几个儿子——“伦敦巴赫”约翰·克里斯蒂安·巴赫(50)、“柏林巴赫”卡尔·菲利普·埃马努埃尔(46)以及“比克堡巴赫”约翰·克里斯托夫·弗里德里希(49)等,那时,这几个才华横溢的儿子要比他们的老子出名

  17. Pärt, Arvo: "Summa". Collage sur BACH. Fratres / Patric Wiklacz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wiklacz, Patric

    1997-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Pärt, Arvo: "Summa". Collage sur BACH. Fratres. Cantus in Memoriam Benjamin Britten. Summa. Festina Lente. Tabula rasa. Tapiola Sinfonietta / Jean-Jacques Kantorow". BIS-CD-834. 62:30 DDD

  18. The Performance of Bach: Study of Rhythmic Timing by Skilled Musicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Christopher M.

    1999-01-01

    Analyzes 15 performances of "Bach's Suite Number 3 for Violoncello solo, Bourree Number 1" and determines what patterns of rhythmic variation (rubato) were used by soloists. Indicates that the soloists demonstrated four identifiable and similar trends in the performances. (CMK)

  19. Pärt, Arvo: "Summa". Collage sur BACH. Fratres / Patric Wiklacz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wiklacz, Patric

    1997-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Pärt, Arvo: "Summa". Collage sur BACH. Fratres. Cantus in Memoriam Benjamin Britten. Summa. Festina Lente. Tabula rasa. Tapiola Sinfonietta / Jean-Jacques Kantorow". BIS-CD-834. 62:30 DDD

  20. Bach1 gene ablation reduces steatohepatitis in mouse MCD diet model

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Inoue, Motoki; Tazuma, Susumu; Kanno, Keishi; Hyogo, Hideyuki; Igarashi, Kazuhiko; Chayama, Kazuaki

    ...), HO-1 induction would be expected to prevent the development of NASH. In this study, we investigated the influence of Bach1 ablation in mice on the progression of NASH in methionine-choline deficient (MCD) diet model...

  1. Cuestiones de dialéctica y de género en Krause: Sofía o la nueva mujer Dialectic and gender issues in Krause's work and life: Sophie or The New Woman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arturo Andrés Roig

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available En este texto se trabaja sobre las ideas sostenidas por Krause respecto de la dialéctica y el lugar de las mujeres. En lo referido a la primera cuestión, se analiza la peculiaridad de la dialéctica krausiana mostrando el esfuerzo que este autor realiza por ablandar las antinomias del esquema dialéctico, desconfiando siempre de la síntesis y proponiendo una dialéctica dual de la complementariedad El recorrido realizado incluye consideraciones relativas a la filosofía del derecho y la dialéctica en Krause, Hegel y Marx. En lo referido al lugar de las mujeres, Krause pensaba que si el Estado debía serlo de un pueblo organizado democráticamente, era preciso partir de una reestructuración de la familia. Desde su punto de vista el Estado provenía de la familia, de allí su esfuerzo por reformular su estructura sobre nuevas bases: la educación en los valores de libertad e igualdad. A contrapelo de las ideas volcadas por Rousseau en el Emilio, Krause pensaba que era preciso educar a las mujeres para la libertad y la armonía con el varón, de modo tal que a partir de una familia así formada se llegara a la institución de un Estado orgánico que no fuera obstáculo para el desarrollo pleno de cada uno de los seres humanos. Para Krause las mujeres deberían ser empujadas a unirse a la Alianza de la Humanidad, el ideal libertario promulgado por el filósofo. En este credo sería educada Sofía, su hija primogénita.This paper works about the Krause's ideas both dialectics and women's place. On dialectics the author analyzes the peculiarity of Krausist dialectics showing the author's effort to conceive the antinomies of dialectics in a softer way. Krause doesn't have any trust in the synthetics moments and he proposes a dual dialectic of complementarities. The study includes considerations about the philosophy of right and dialectics in the works of Krause, Hegel and Marx. On women's place, Krause thinks that the State ought to be of a

  2. Chileotrecha romero (Kraus, 1966) comb. nov. and Pseudocleobis patagonicus (Roewer, 1934) comb. nov. transferral from Mummuciidae to Ammotrechidae (Arachnida, Solifugae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botero-Trujillo, Ricardo; Iuri, Hernán A

    2015-07-27

    The solifuge species Mummucina romero Kraus, 1966, from Chile, and Mummucia patagonica Roewer, 1934, from Argentina, are here transferred from Mummuciidae Roewer, 1934 to Ammotrechidae Roewer, 1934. Chileotrecha romero (Kraus, 1966) comb. nov. and Pseudocleobis patagonicus (Roewer, 1934) comb. nov. are proposed. Comments on their morphology are made and previous distributional records are discussed. Pseudocleobis patagonicus is proposed as a nomen dubium. In addition, we confirm that female and immature specimens of the family Mummuciidae, just like males, can be reliably recognized based on features that had been suggested by Maury (1984).

  3. Navegaciones y borrascas: Monika Krause y la educación sexual en Cuba (1979-1990)

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Índice: Carta-Prefacio de Monika Krause - Prólogo - Introducción - I. Mujer y Revolución. Un "re-co-nacimiento" - II. Del parto a la partitura: tanteos y tropiezos - III. Monika Krause: Itinerario de una rebelde - IV. Guerreando con los tabues - IV.I Valoración del ser humano - IV.II El aborto - IV.III Los medios anticonceptivos - IV.IV Embarazos en la adolescencia - V. El Centro Nacional de Educación Sexual - VI. Homosexualidad o negación del hombre nuevo - Y los sueños, sueños son

  4. BACH1 Promotes Temozolomide Resistance in Glioblastoma through Antagonizing the Function of p53

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nie, Er; Jin, Xin; Wu, Weining; Yu, Tianfu; Zhou, Xu; Zhi, Tongle; Shi, Zhumei; Zhang, Junxia; Liu, Ning; You, Yongping

    2016-01-01

    The acquisition of drug resistance is a persistent clinical problem limiting the successful treatment of glioblastoma (GBM). However, the molecular mechanisms by which initially chemoresponsive tumors develop therapeutic resistance remain poorly understood. In this study, we report that BACH1, a heme-binding protein that participates in transcriptional repression or activation, was significantly upregulated in glioblastoma tissues. Overexpression of BACH1 in GBM cells conferred resistance to temozolomide, whereas its inhibition markedly sensitized resistant cells to temozolomide in vitro and in vivo. Further investigation revealed that BACH1 activation significantly enhanced the expression of MGMT, and depletion of p53 disrupted the effects of BACH1 on MGMT and temozolomide resistance. P53 sequesters SP1 to prevent its binding to the MGMT promoter region and thus inhibits MGMT expression. Moreover, BACH1 overexpression impaired the association between p53 and SP1 via competitive binding p53, and antagonized the impact of p53 on MGMT expression. Finally, we found that BACH1 low expression correlated with better prognosis in GBM patients undergoing temozolomide therapy, especially in patients with wild-type TP53. Collectively, our findings identify a potential mechanism by which wild-type TP53 GBM cells develop resistance to temozolomide and suggest that targeting this pathway may be beneficial for overcoming resistance. PMID:28000777

  5. NATO vallutas jaanipäeval Aafrika ranniku lähedal väikese saareriigi / Hannes Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krause, Hannes

    2006-01-01

    Aafrika ranniku lähedal Cabo Verde saareriigis toimunud NATO kiirreageerimisüksuste õppusest. Vt. samas: Krause, Hannes. NRF-i hakkab pärssima raha ja mugavus. Lisad: Eestlane tagas sõdurite julgeolekut; Scheffer: Eestil pole vaja karta mingit ohtu

  6. NATO vallutas jaanipäeval Aafrika ranniku lähedal väikese saareriigi / Hannes Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krause, Hannes

    2006-01-01

    Aafrika ranniku lähedal Cabo Verde saareriigis toimunud NATO kiirreageerimisüksuste õppusest. Vt. samas: Krause, Hannes. NRF-i hakkab pärssima raha ja mugavus. Lisad: Eestlane tagas sõdurite julgeolekut; Scheffer: Eestil pole vaja karta mingit ohtu

  7. Reseña Sharon Krause: Civil Passions: Moral Sentiment and Democratic Deliberation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Gil Blasco

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Tradicionalmente, se ha considerado que las pasiones eran algo que debía dejarse de lado en la deliberación sobre cuestiones políticas o sobre asuntos de justicia. Sharon Krause denuncia que esta ha sido la visión dominante en la historia del pensamiento político de Occidente. Su libro consiste en una réplica a esta tradición. La autora se suma así a un conjunto de pensadores que en los últimos años viene reivindicando la necesidad de incluir los afectos en la deliberación ética y política o, por decirlo de otro modo, recuperar la importancia de los sentimientos para la racionalidad práctica. 

  8. [Our experience with the Krause method in the Clínica y Maternidad Conchita].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benavides de Anda, L

    1969-11-01

    The author reports on his experience with the Krause method of pregnancy termination at the "Conchita" Maternity Clinic in Mexico during a period of 13 years, from 1955 to 1968. The following indications are accepted as legitimate and justify use of this method: dead retained ovum, hydatidiform mole, fetal death, and such complications in pregnancy as isoimmunization to the Rh factor, diabetes mellitus, gravidic toxemia, chronic hypertension. 149 patients were studied, of whom 9 had hydatidiform mole, 29 had induced delivery, and 111 had retained dead ovum. The technique and stages of the procedure are described in detail and the results are summarized in 4 tables. The technique is described as simple and requiring few instruments. Results are considered satisfactory, although the method involves some serious dangers. Brief reference is made to other methods of interrupting pregnancy, such as dilatation and curettage, hysterectomy, the injection of hypertonic solution into the uterine cavity and the perfusion of intravenous oxytoxin.

  9. Bach2 represses plasma cell gene regulatory network in B cells to promote antibody class switch.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muto, Akihiko; Ochiai, Kyoko; Kimura, Yoshitaka; Itoh-Nakadai, Ari; Calame, Kathryn L; Ikebe, Dai; Tashiro, Satoshi; Igarashi, Kazuhiko

    2010-12-01

    Two transcription factors, Pax5 and Blimp-1, form a gene regulatory network (GRN) with a double-negative loop, which defines either B-cell (Pax5 high) or plasma cell (Blimp-1 high) status as a binary switch. However, it is unclear how this B-cell GRN registers class switch DNA recombination (CSR), an event that takes place before the terminal differentiation to plasma cells. In the absence of Bach2 encoding a transcription factor required for CSR, mouse splenic B cells more frequently and rapidly expressed Blimp-1 and differentiated to IgM plasma cells as compared with wild-type cells. Genetic loss of Blimp-1 in Bach2(-/-) B cells was sufficient to restore CSR. These data with mathematical modelling of the GRN indicate that Bach2 achieves a time delay in Blimp-1 induction, which inhibits plasma cell differentiation and promotes CSR (Delay-Driven Diversity model for CSR). Reduction in mature B-cell numbers in Bach2(-/-) mice was not rescued by Blimp-1 ablation, indicating that Bach2 regulates B-cell differentiation and function through Blimp-1-dependent and -independent GRNs.

  10. BACH1, the master regulator gene: A novel candidate target for cancer therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davudian, Sadaf; Mansoori, Behzad; Shajari, Neda; Mohammadi, Ali; Baradaran, Behzad

    2016-08-15

    BACH1 (BTB and CNC homology 1, basic leucine zipper transcription factor 1) is a transcriptional factor and a member of cap 'n' collar (CNC) and basic region leucine zipper factor family. In contrast to other bZIP family members, BACH1 appeared as a comparatively specific transcription factor. It acts as transcription regulator and is recognized as a recently hypoxia regulator and functions as an inducible repressor for the HO-1 gene in many human cell types in response to stress oxidative. In regard to studies lately, although, BACH1 has been related to the regulation of oxidative stress and heme oxidation, it has never been linked to invasion and metastasis. Recent studies have showed that BACH1 is involved in bone metastasis of breast cancer by up-regulating vital metastatic genes like CXCR4 and MMP1. This newly discovered aspect of BACH1 gene provides new insight into cancer progression study and stands on its master regulator role in metastasis process, raising the possibility of considering it as a potential target for cancer therapy.

  11. Two-dimensional modeling of the back amorphous-crystalline silicon heterojunction (BACH) photovoltaic device

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chowdhury, Zahidur R.; Chutinan, Alongkarn; Gougam, Adel B.; Kherani, Nazir P.; Zukotynski, Stefan

    2010-06-01

    Back Amorphous-Crystalline Silicon Heterojunction (BACH)1 solar cell can be fabricated using low temperature processes while integrating high efficiency features of heterojunction silicon solar cells and back-contact homojunction solar cells. This article presents a two-dimensional modeling study of the BACH cell concept. A parametric study of the BACH cell has been carried out using Sentaurus after benchmarking the software. A detailed model describing the optical generation is defined. Solar cell efficiency of 24.4% is obtained for AM 1.5 global spectrum with VOC of greater than 720 mV and JSC exceeding 40 mA/cm2, considering realistic surface passivation quality and other dominant recombination processes.

  12. Effects of listening to Mozart and Bach on the performance of a mathematical test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bridgett, D J; Cuevas, J

    2000-06-01

    The purpose of the current study was to assess the effect of listening to Mozart and Bach on the immediate performance of a 10-min. mathematical test. The study consisted of 61 undergraduate participants. Participants were randomly assigned to a control group, a Mozart group, or a Bach group. Participants were then administered a mathematics pretest, listened to a selection of music for 10 min., and were then administered a mathematics posttest. The test was constructed to be similar to items taken from the University Mathematics Placement Examination. Analysis indicated no significant effect on the immediate mathematics test when participants listened to 10 min. of either Mozart or Bach. These findings suggest caution in measuring differences in various cognitive tasks as indicating increases in intelligence scores.

  13. Heme oxygenase-1 modulates degeneration of the intervertebral disc after puncture in Bach 1 deficient mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohta, Ryo; Tanaka, Nobuhiro; Nakanishi, Kazuyoshi; Kamei, Naosuke; Nakamae, Toshio; Izumi, Bunichiro; Fujioka, Yuki; Ochi, Mitsuo

    2012-09-01

    Intervertebral disc degeneration is considered to be a major feature of low back pain. Furthermore, oxidative stress has been shown to be an important factor in degenerative diseases such as osteoarthritis and is considered a cause of intervertebral disc degeneration. The purpose of this study was to clarify the correlation between oxidative stress and intervertebral disc degeneration using Broad complex-Tramtrack-Bric-a-brac and cap'n'collar homology 1 deficient (Bach 1-/-) mice which highly express heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1). HO-1 protects cells from oxidative stress. Caudal discs of 12-week-old and 1-year-old mice were evaluated as age-related models. Each group and period, 5 mice (a total of 20 mice, a total of 20 discs) were evaluated as age-related model. C9-C10 caudal discs in 12-week-old Bach 1-/- and wild-type mice were punctured using a 29-gauge needle as annulus puncture model. Each group and period, 5 mice (a total of 60 mice, a total of 60 discs) were evaluated. The progress of disc degeneration was evaluated at pre-puncture, 1, 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks post-puncture. Radiographic, histologic and immunohistologic analysis were performed to compare between Bach 1-/- and wild-type mice. In the age-related model, there were no significant differences between Bach 1-/- and wild-type mice radiologically and histologically. However, in the annulus puncture model, histological scoring revealed significant difference at 8 and 12 weeks post-puncture. The number of HO-1 positive cells was significantly greater in Bach 1-/- mice at every period. The apoptosis rate was significantly lower at 1 and 2 weeks post-puncture in Bach 1-/- mice. Oxidative stress prevention may avoid the degenerative process of the intervertebral disc after puncture, reducing the number of apoptosis cells. High HO-1 expression may also inhibit oxidative stress and delay the process of intervertebral disc degeneration.

  14. Freud y la crisis del lenguaje moderno en la Viena fin de siglo: Broch, Hofmannsthal, Kraus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bayón, Fernando

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Sigmund Freud was one of the most exceptional protagonists in the Vienna fin-de-siècle, a city that is symbolic not only of the so called Finis Austriae but of a deep crisis in the modern condition too. The filosofical interest of this period focuses to a big extent on the links between subjectivity and language. This article is an attempt of reconstruct the cultural milieu where the freudian psychoanalysis could be shaped. My reading tries to compare the freudian visions on language as main problem with some of the most representative fictional and essayistical works on Habsburg Empire’s End –“the Gay Apocalypse”, so called Broch the period from 1848 to 1918– by Freud’s contemporaries like Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Karl Kraus, or the already mentioned Hermann Broch. In these pages I evaluate the contributions of these Austro-Hungarian intellectuals to arts, social theory and literary criticism, resulting in a little map of Freud’s Vienna.Sigmund Freud fue uno de los protagonistas de aquella Viena fin de siglo que simboliza no sólo el Finis Austriae sino una fecunda crisis de la condición moderna. Las relaciones entre la subjetividad y el lenguaje centran en gran medida la problemática filosófica de la época. Este ensayo intenta reconstruir el contexto cultural en que prosperó el psicoanálisis freudiano estableciendo un diálogo entre sus principales tesis y la visión de algunos de los más destacados intérpretes del apocalipsis habsbúrgico: principalmente, Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Hermann Broch, Karl Kraus y Robert Musil. La significación de Freud es analizada dentro del cuadro literario de una Viena que situó al yo y al lenguaje en el vórtice de una catástrofe cuyas consecuencias filosóficas son rastreadas aquí a través de algunos de los textos y documentos más representativos de aquel período.

  15. Dieter Heinzig, The Soviet Union and Communist China 1945-1950. The Arduous Road to the Alliance

    OpenAIRE

    Wishnick, Elizabeth

    2006-01-01

    Depuis une dizaine d’années, grâce à de nouveaux documents sur les relations sino-soviétiques issus des archives russes et chinoises, les spécialistes réexaminent les annales diplomatiques pour compléter la compréhension des ressorts de cette relation complexe. Dieter Heinzig apporte une contribution importante à cet effort avec cette recherche méticuleuse sur les rencontres diplomatiques entre l’URSS et la Chine de 1945 à 1950. Son travail repose principalement sur des études récentes de che...

  16. Corpos em tensão: feminino, masculino e barroco no espetáculo Bach Bodies and tension: feminine, masculine and baroque in Bach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tereza Virginia de Almeida

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Em 1996, a Companhia de Dança Corpo de Belo Horizonte apresentou o espetáculo Bach. A música, a coreografia e os elementos visuais como cenário e figurino se combinam de forma a revisitar a estética barroca. Neste contexto, os corpos dos bailarinos exercem função central ao inscrever estados de tensão comuns ao barroco, principalmente na forma como performatizam a relação entre os gêneros.In 1996, the dance company Corpo from Belo Horizonte presented the spectacle Bach. The music, the coreography and the visual elements as scenery and costumes are combined in a rereading of the baroque aesthetics. In this context, the dancers bodies play a major role in the inscription of tension, common in the baroque, especially through the way they perform gender relations.

  17. Bach1 siRNA attenuates bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis by modulating oxidative stress in mice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yuan; Zheng, Yi

    2017-01-01

    Oxidative stress plays an essential role in inflammation and fibrosis. Bach1 is an important transcriptional repressor that acts by modulating oxidative stress and represents a potential target in the treatment of pulmonary fibrosis (PF). In this study, we knocked down Bach1 using adenovirus-mediated small interfering RNA (siRNA) to determine whether the use of Bach1 siRNA is an effective therapeutic strategy in mice with bleomycin (BLM)-induced PF. Mouse lung fibroblasts (MLFs) were incubated with transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 (5 ng/ml) and subsequently infected with recombined adenovirus-like Bach1 siRNA1 and Bach1 siRNA2, while an empty adenovirus vector was used as the negative control. The selected Bach1 siRNA with higher interference efficiency was used for the animal experiments. A mouse model of BLM-induced PF was established, and Bach1 siRNA (1×109 PFU) was administered to the mice via the tail vein. The results revealed that the Bach1 mRNA and protein levels were significantly downregulated by Bach1 siRNA. Furthermore, the MLFs infected with Bach1 siRNA exhibited increased mRNA and protein expression levels of heme oxygenase-1 and glutathione peroxidase 1, but decreased levels of TGF-β1 and interleukin-6 in the cell supernatants compared with the cells exposed to TGF-β1 alone. Bach1 knockdown by siRNA also enhanced the expression of antioxidant factors, but suppressed that of fibrosis-related cytokines in mice compared with the BLM group. Finally, the inflammatory infiltration of alveolar and interstitial cells and the destruction of lung structure were significantly attenuated in the mide administered Bach1 siRNA compared with those in the BLM group. On the whole, our findings demonstrate that Bach1 siRNA exerts protective effects against BLM-induced PF in mice. Our data may provide the basis for the development of novel targeted therapeutic strategies for PF. PMID:27959382

  18. Noisy Hegselmann-Krause Systems: Phase Transition and the 2 R-Conjecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Chu; Li, Qianxiao; E, Weinan; Chazelle, Bernard

    2017-03-01

    The classic Hegselmann-Krause ( HK) model for opinion dynamics consists of a set of agents on the real line, each one instructed to move, at every time step, to the mass center of the agents within a fixed distance R. In this work, we investigate the effects of noise in the continuous-time version of the model as described by its mean-field Fokker-Planck equation. In the presence of a finite number of agents, the system exhibits a phase transition from order to disorder as the noise increases. We introduce an order parameter to track the phase transition and resolve the corresponding phase diagram. The system undergoes a phase transition for small R but none for larger R. Based on the stability analysis of the mean-field equation, we derive the existence of a forbidden zone for the disordered phase to emerge. We also provide a theoretical explanation for the well-known 2 R conjecture, which states that, for a random initial distribution in a fixed interval, the final configuration consists of clusters separated by a distance of roughly 2 R. Our theoretical analysis confirms previous simulations and predicts properties of the noisy HK model in higher dimension.

  19. Effect of Instruction in Appropriate Rubato Usage on Performances of Mozart and Bach: Replication and Extension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Christopher M.; Madsen, Clifford K.; Geringer, John M.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how instruction in the use of rhythmic nuances influences subsequent timings of a musical performance. Volunteer participants were asked to listen to and alter a performance of an excerpt from Mozart's "Concerto for Horn and Orchestra No. 2" and Bach's "Suite Number 3 for Violoncello solo, Bourree…

  20. Fra Bach til Beatles på tre måneder!

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Anders

    2006-01-01

    Fra Bach til Beatles på tre måneder! Didaktiske overvejelser og erfaringer på baggrund af nyt et-semesters oversigtskursus Anders Bonde Fra og med september 2005 har man på musikuddannelsen ved Aalborg Universitet, som led i implementeringen af en ny tofaglig bachelorstruktur, udviklet et nyt...

  1. Bach music in preterm infants: no 'Mozart effect' on resting energy expenditure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keidar, H Rosenfeld; Mandel, D; Mimouni, F B; Lubetzky, R

    2014-02-01

    To study whether Johan Sebastian Bach music has a lowering effect on resting energy expenditure (REE) similar to that of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart music. Prospective, randomized clinical trial with cross-over in 12 healthy, appropriate weights for gestational age (GA), gavage fed, metabolically stable, preterm infants. Infants were randomized to a 30-min period of either Mozart or Bach music or no music over 3 consecutive days. REE was measured every minute by indirect calorimetry. Three REE measurements were performed in each of 12 infants at age 20±15.8 days. Mean GA was 30.17±2.44 weeks and mean birthweight was 1246±239 g. REE was similar during the first 10-min of all three randomization periods. During the next 10-min period, infants exposed to music by Mozart had a trend toward lower REE than when not exposed to music. This trend became significant during the third 10-min period. In contrast, music by Bach or no music did not affect significantly REE during the whole study. On average, the effect size of Mozart music upon REE was a reduction of 7.7% from baseline. Mozart music significantly lowers REE in preterm infants, whereas Bach music has no similar effect. We speculate that 'Mozart effect' must be taken into account when incorporating music in the therapy of preterm infants, as not all types of music may have similar effects upon REE and growth.

  2. Effect of Instruction in Appropriate Rubato Usage on Performances of Mozart and Bach: Replication and Extension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Christopher M.; Madsen, Clifford K.; Geringer, John M.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how instruction in the use of rhythmic nuances influences subsequent timings of a musical performance. Volunteer participants were asked to listen to and alter a performance of an excerpt from Mozart's "Concerto for Horn and Orchestra No. 2" and Bach's "Suite Number 3 for Violoncello solo, Bourree…

  3. Fra Bach til Beatles på tre måneder!

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Anders

    2006-01-01

    Fra Bach til Beatles på tre måneder! Didaktiske overvejelser og erfaringer på baggrund af nyt et-semesters oversigtskursus Anders Bonde Fra og med september 2005 har man på musikuddannelsen ved Aalborg Universitet, som led i implementeringen af en ny tofaglig bachelorstruktur, udviklet et nyt...

  4. Litanei und Ostinato in Bachs Passacaglia c-moll BWV 582

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schnorr, Klemens

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available The theme of Bachs Passacaglia c-minor is based on the bass of Trio en Passacaille, a Christe-eleison-verset in the Messe du Deuziesme ton by André Raison. Bach transposes to c-minor and doubles the length of the theme, but is using the original form in four measures again for the following fugue. According to the contemporary alternatim praxis Raison's verset is the middle, central section of the nine-part Kyrie-cycle, the first part of the roman Ordinarium Missae, which is based on old litany-like acclamations and can be defined as a Litany too. May be that Bach's choosing an ostinato-form reflects the repetitive elements of a Litany and that the 33 entrances of the Passacaglia theme are related to the age of Christ.

    [de] Das Thema von Bachs Passacaglia c-moll beruht auf dem Bass eines Trio en Passacaille, der Christe-eleison- Versette aus der Messe du Deuziesme ton von André Raison. Bach transponiert ihn nach c-moll und verdoppelt die Länge des Themas für die Passacaglia auf acht Takte, legt aber der anschließenden Fuge wieder die urspriingliche viertaktige Version zugrunde. Entsprechend der zeitgenössischen Alternatimpraxis bildet Raisons Versette den mittleren, zentralen Teil des neunteiligen Kyriezyklus, der als erster Teil des Messordinariums auf frühe litaneiartige Akklamationen zurückgeht und seinerseits als Litanei gelten kann. Es scheint, als widerspiegle die Komposition eines Ostinato das repetitive Element von Litaneien und als beziehe sich das 33fache Erscheinen des Themas in der Passacaglia auf das Lebensalter Christi.

  5. Problemstillingar rundt framføring av transkribert musikk - Ei analyse av Bach/Busoni: Chaconne i d-moll

    OpenAIRE

    Flem, Kato Nogva

    2014-01-01

    Ei samanlikning og analyse av Busoni sin transkripsjon av Bach sin Chaconne frå partita nr. 2 for solofiolin. Partita for Violin No. 2 was written by Johann Sebastian Bach during 1717-1723 and consists of five movements; Allemande, Courante, Sarabande, Gigue and Chaconne. The chaconne is longer than the rest of the piece combined, and is frequently played separately. Yehudi Menuhin calls the Chaconne "the greatest structure for solo violin that exists." (Menuhin, 1997, p. 236) Violinist...

  6. Pärt: Collage sur B-A-C-H für Kammerorschester / Hans-Christian Dadelsen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Dadelsen, Hans-Christian

    1993-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Pärt: Collage sur B-A-C-H für Kammerorschester, Summa (1991) für Streichorchester, Fratres, Sinfonie Nr. 2, Festina lente, Wenn Bach Bienen gezüchtet hätte, Credo für Klavier, Chor und Orchester. Philharmonia Orchestra and Chorus, Neeme Järvi". Chandos/Koch CD 9134 (WD: 63'02")

  7. Chris Kraus: "Polli päevikud" on minu väga isiklik lugu mu esivanematest / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2010-01-01

    Chris Kraus filmi "Polli päevikud" (Saksamaa-Austria-Eesti) saamisloost. Näitlejatest, Tambet Tuisu osatäitmisest. Film üheks peategelaseks on režissööri vanatädi, luuletaja Oda Saefer. Tegevus toimub Eestis 1914. a. Polli (Põlula) mõis ehitati filmi jaoks üles Matsiranda Varbla lähedal. PÖFF-i EurAsia programmi žürii tunnistas Chris Krausi parimaks režissööriks

  8. Chris Kraus: "Polli päevikud" on minu väga isiklik lugu mu esivanematest / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2010-01-01

    Chris Kraus filmi "Polli päevikud" (Saksamaa-Austria-Eesti) saamisloost. Näitlejatest, Tambet Tuisu osatäitmisest. Film üheks peategelaseks on režissööri vanatädi, luuletaja Oda Saefer. Tegevus toimub Eestis 1914. a. Polli (Põlula) mõis ehitati filmi jaoks üles Matsiranda Varbla lähedal. PÖFF-i EurAsia programmi žürii tunnistas Chris Krausi parimaks režissööriks

  9. Wearing red for signaling: the heme-bach axis in heme metabolism, oxidative stress response and iron immunology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igarashi, Kazuhiko; Watanabe-Matsui, Miki

    2014-04-01

    The connection between gene regulation and metabolism is an old issue that warrants revisiting in order to understand both normal as well as pathogenic processes in higher eukaryotes. Metabolites affect the gene expression by either binding to transcription factors or serving as donors for post-translational modification, such as that involving acetylation and methylation. The focus of this review is heme, a prosthetic group of proteins that includes hemoglobin and cytochromes. Heme has been shown to bind to several transcription factors, including Bach1 and Bach2, in higher eukaryotes. Heme inhibits the transcriptional repressor activity of Bach1, resulting in the derepression of its target genes, such as globin in erythroid cells and heme oxygenase-1 in diverse cell types. Since Bach2 is important for class switch recombination and somatic hypermutation of immunoglobulin genes as well as regulatory and effector T cell differentiation and the macrophage function, the heme-Bach2 axis may regulate the immune response as a signaling cascade. We discuss future issues regarding the topic of the iron/heme-gene regulation network based on current understanding of the heme-Bach axis, including the concept of "iron immunology" as the synthesis of the iron metabolism and the immune response.

  10. Dieter Henrich, leitor de Kant: sobre o fato legitimador na dedução transcendental das categorias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Klotz

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo reconstrói os momentos principais dos trabalhos de Dieter Henrich sobre a filosofia teórica de Immanuel Kant. Henrich procura esclarecer e recuperar os fundamentos da teoria do conhecimento de Kant, dos quais seus seguidores teriam se distanciado, a partir da análise da dedução transcendental das categorias. De início, Henrich investiga a estrutura da prova na dedução, comparando a primeira e a segunda edição da Crítica da Razão Pura. Em seguida, Henrich investiga no argumento kantiano a relação entre o princípio de identidade da consciência de si, por um lado, e objetividade, por outro. Por fim, estendendo a comparação à Crítica da Razão Prática, Henrich elucida o programa e a metodologia na dedução, mostrando como o "fato" legitimador se torna o elemento fundamental.This article reconstructs the principal moments of Dieter Henrich's work on Immanuel Kant's theoretical philosophy. Henrich tries to clarify and recover the foundations of Kant's theory of knowledge, from which his followers would have taken distance, based on the analysis of the "transcendental deduction of categories". Firstly, Henrich investigates the proof structure in the deduction, comparing the first and the second edition of the Critique of Pure Reason. Secondly, he investigates, inside Kantian argument, the relationship between the identity principle of self-consciousness and objectivity. Finally, extending the comparison to the Critique of Practical Reason, Henrich elucidates the program and methodology of deduction, showing how the legitimating fact becomes the fundamental element.

  11. The BTB and CNC homology 1 (BACH1) target genes are involved in the oxidative stress response and in control of the cell cycle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warnatz, Hans-Jörg; Schmidt, Dominic; Manke, Thomas; Piccini, Ilaria; Sultan, Marc; Borodina, Tatiana; Balzereit, Daniela; Wruck, Wasco; Soldatov, Alexey; Vingron, Martin; Lehrach, Hans; Yaspo, Marie-Laure

    2011-07-01

    The regulation of gene expression in response to environmental signals and metabolic imbalances is a key step in maintaining cellular homeostasis. BTB and CNC homology 1 (BACH1) is a heme-binding transcription factor repressing the transcription from a subset of MAF recognition elements at low intracellular heme levels. Upon heme binding, BACH1 is released from the MAF recognition elements, resulting in increased expression of antioxidant response genes. To systematically address the gene regulatory networks involving BACH1, we combined chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing analysis of BACH1 target genes in HEK 293 cells with knockdown of BACH1 using three independent types of small interfering RNAs followed by transcriptome profiling using microarrays. The 59 BACH1 target genes identified by chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing were found highly enriched in genes showing expression changes after BACH1 knockdown, demonstrating the impact of BACH1 repression on transcription. In addition to known and new BACH1 targets involved in heme degradation (HMOX1, FTL, FTH1, ME1, and SLC48A1) and redox regulation (GCLC, GCLM, and SLC7A11), we also discovered BACH1 target genes affecting cell cycle and apoptosis pathways (ITPR2, CALM1, SQSTM1, TFE3, EWSR1, CDK6, BCL2L11, and MAFG) as well as subcellular transport processes (CLSTN1, PSAP, MAPT, and vault RNA). The newly identified impact of BACH1 on genes involved in neurodegenerative processes and proliferation provides an interesting basis for future dissection of BACH1-mediated gene repression in neurodegeneration and virus-induced cancerogenesis.

  12. Popowia bachmaensis (Annonaceae), a new species from Bach Ma National Park, Central Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ngoc, Nguyen Van; Tagane, Shuichiro; Binh, Hoang Thi; Toyama, Hironori; Okabe, Norikazu; Duy, Chinh Nguyen; Yahara, Tetsukazu

    2016-01-01

    A new species, Popowia bachmaensis Ngoc, Tagane & Yahara, sp. nov. is described from Bach Ma National Park in Thua Thien Hue Province, Central Vietnam. This species is morphologically similar to Popowia pisocarpa (Blume) Endl. ex Walp., but can be readily distinguished from it by its lower stems, smaller leaves, shorter flowering pedicels, shorter carpels, longer sepals and inner petals. A detailed description, comprising illustrations, and supplemented with DNA barcodes of the two regions of rbcL and matK, are provided.

  13. Extended exome sequencing identifies BACH2 as a novel major risk locus for Addison's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eriksson, D; Bianchi, M; Landegren, N; Nordin, J; Dalin, F; Mathioudaki, A; Eriksson, G N; Hultin-Rosenberg, L; Dahlqvist, J; Zetterqvist, H; Karlsson, Å; Hallgren, Å; Farias, F H G; Murén, E; Ahlgren, K M; Lobell, A; Andersson, G; Tandre, K; Dahlqvist, S R; Söderkvist, P; Rönnblom, L; Hulting, A-L; Wahlberg, J; Ekwall, O; Dahlqvist, P; Meadows, J R S; Bensing, S; Lindblad-Toh, K; Kämpe, O; Pielberg, G R

    2016-12-01

    Autoimmune disease is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In Addison's disease, the adrenal glands are targeted by destructive autoimmunity. Despite being the most common cause of primary adrenal failure, little is known about its aetiology. To understand the genetic background of Addison's disease, we utilized the extensively characterized patients of the Swedish Addison Registry. We developed an extended exome capture array comprising a selected set of 1853 genes and their potential regulatory elements, for the purpose of sequencing 479 patients with Addison's disease and 1394 controls. We identified BACH2 (rs62408233-A, OR = 2.01 (1.71-2.37), P = 1.66 × 10(-15) , MAF 0.46/0.29 in cases/controls) as a novel gene associated with Addison's disease development. We also confirmed the previously known associations with the HLA complex. Whilst BACH2 has been previously reported to associate with organ-specific autoimmune diseases co-inherited with Addison's disease, we have identified BACH2 as a major risk locus in Addison's disease, independent of concomitant autoimmune diseases. Our results may enable future research towards preventive disease treatment. © 2016 The Authors. Journal of Internal Medicine published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Association for Publication of The Journal of Internal Medicine.

  14. "BACH"与十二音序列技术的发端%"BACH" and the Twelve-Note Series Technique ("BACH" yu 12 yin xulie jishu de faduan)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵晓生

    2008-01-01

    一书是的提炼、总结与衍生.是其中第四章,以大量事实证明"BACH"在巴赫音乐中作为通向十二音序列技术的一个有效突破口,从巴赫音乐中总结提炼出"平面呈现型"、"纵向切割型"、"分段对应型"、"连续减七型"与"音数递增型"等5种在十分狭窄的有限时值区域内集中出现全部十二个音的处理方法;有力证明了巴赫音乐对十二音序列技术所起的无可辩驳的发端作用.

  15. Kas ja millistel tingimustel on õpetaja füüsiline sekkumine koolis õigustatud? / Hendrik Agur, Urve Krause, Kairit Seenmaa ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad: Gustav Adolfi Gümnaasiumi direktor Hendrik Agur, Pärnu Kuninga tänava Põhikooli direktor Urve Krause, Tallinna Ristiku Põhikooli õppealajuhataja Kairit Seenmaa, Kiili Gümnaasiumi direktor Mihkel Rebane ja Eesti Lastevanemate Liidu juhatuse liige Valdek Rohtma

  16. Kas ja millistel tingimustel on õpetaja füüsiline sekkumine koolis õigustatud? / Hendrik Agur, Urve Krause, Kairit Seenmaa ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad: Gustav Adolfi Gümnaasiumi direktor Hendrik Agur, Pärnu Kuninga tänava Põhikooli direktor Urve Krause, Tallinna Ristiku Põhikooli õppealajuhataja Kairit Seenmaa, Kiili Gümnaasiumi direktor Mihkel Rebane ja Eesti Lastevanemate Liidu juhatuse liige Valdek Rohtma

  17. 设计“十诫”,风格永存 专访德国工业设计之父Dieter Rams

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊猫; 王瑾

    2012-01-01

    Dieter Rams以其设计作品和著名的"十诫"理论影响了德国乃至全球产品设计风格近40年。这位当代工业设计教父在全世界范围内都有很多追随者,而众多追随者中最为人熟知的便是苹果设计总监Jonathan Ive。

  18. Healthy dining. Subtle diet reminders at the point of purchase increase low-calorie food choices among both chronic and current dieters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papies, Esther K; Veling, Harm

    2013-02-01

    There is a growing consensus that our food-rich living environment contributes to rising numbers of people with overweight and obesity. Low-cost, effective intervention tools are needed to facilitate healthy eating behavior, especially when eating away from home. Therefore, we present a field experiment in a restaurant that tested whether providing subtle environmental diet reminders increases low-calorie food choices among both chronic and current dieters. For half of the participants, the menu was supplemented with diet-related words, as reminders of healthy eating and dieting. We recorded customers' choices of low-calorie or high-calorie items from the menu, and we assessed chronic and current dieting. Consistent with our hypotheses, we found that diet reminders increased choices for low-calorie foods, among both chronic and current dieters. After a diet reminder, around half of dieters made a healthy menu choice. This study demonstrates the efficacy of providing subtle diet reminders as a low-cost practical intervention to increase low-calorie food choices among weight-concerned individuals, who are motivated to regulate their eating behavior but have been found to often fail in food-rich environments. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. El maestro-arquitecto Jan Kraus S.J. en el Río de la Plata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Page, Carlos A.

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This study deals with the biography of the Czech Jesuit coadjutor, Jan Kraus, who worked in the Province of Paraguay between 1698 and 1714. He was active in the Guarani reservations, as well as in the cities of Buenos Aires and Cordoba. In the latter he was involved in buildings such as the University, the Convictorio and Novitiate. In some cases it is difficult to determine his participation in the different stages of their construction, as it was carried out over long periods with the intervention of many coadjutors, especially Germans and Italians. Not all of these buildings have been preserved: in some cases they were demolished, but in others sections remain. Today they compose a varied group, now largely declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.El presente trabajo de carácter biográfico aborda la figura del coadjutor jesuita checo, Jan Kraus, que trabajó en la Provincia del Paraguay entre 1698 y 1714. Lo hizo en las reducciones de guaraníes, al igual que en las ciudades de Buenos Aires y Córdoba. En esta última, sede de la provincia, en edificios como la Universidad, el Convictorio y el Noviciado. En algunos casos es complejo determinar su participación en diversas etapas de los mismos, ya que se destinaban a ellos muchos años de esfuerzo, en los que intervenían variados coadjutores, sobre todo alemanes e italianos. No todos los edificios se han conservado, en algunos casos fueron demolidos, en otros se mantienen sectores, conformando un conjunto de variados ámbitos, hoy en gran parte declarados Patrimonio de la Humanidad por la UNESCO.

  20. The reasoned/reactive model: A new approach to examining eating decisions among female college dieters and nondieters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruhl, Holly; Holub, Shayla C; Dolan, Elaine A

    2016-12-01

    Female college students are prone to unhealthy eating patterns that can impact long-term health. This study examined female students' healthy and unhealthy eating behaviors with three decision-making models. Specifically, the theory of reasoned action, prototype/willingness model, and new reasoned/reactive model were compared to determine how reasoned (logical) and reactive (impulsive) factors relate to dietary decisions. Females (N=583, Mage=20.89years) completed measures on reasoned cognitions about foods (attitudes, subjective norms, nutrition knowledge, intentions to eat foods), reactive cognitions about foods (prototypes, affect, willingness to eat foods), dieting, and food consumption. Structural equation modeling (SEM) revealed the new reasoned/reactive model to be the preeminent model for examining eating behaviors. This model showed that attitudes were related to intentions and willingness to eat healthy and unhealthy foods. Affect was related to willingness to eat healthy and unhealthy foods, whereas nutrition knowledge was related to intentions and willingness to eat healthy foods only. Intentions and willingness were related to healthy and unhealthy food consumption. Dieting status played a moderating role in the model and revealed mean-level differences between dieters and nondieters. This study highlights the importance of specific factors in relation to female students' eating decisions and unveils a comprehensive model for examining health behaviors. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. BTB and CNC homolog 1 (Bach1) deficiency ameliorates TNBS colitis in mice: role of M2 macrophages and heme oxygenase-1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harusato, Akihito; Naito, Yuji; Takagi, Tomohisa; Uchiyama, Kazuhiko; Mizushima, Katsura; Hirai, Yasuko; Higashimura, Yasuki; Katada, Kazuhiro; Handa, Osamu; Ishikawa, Takeshi; Yagi, Nobuaki; Kokura, Satoshi; Ichikawa, Hiroshi; Muto, Akihiko; Igarashi, Kazuhiko; Yoshikawa, Toshikazu

    2013-01-01

    BTB and CNC homolog 1 (Bach1) is a transcriptional repressor of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), which plays an important role in the protection of cells and tissues against acute and chronic inflammation. However, the role of Bach1 in the gastrointestinal mucosal defense system remains little understood. HO-1 supports the suppression of experimental colitis and localizes mainly in macrophages in colonic mucosa. This study was undertaken to elucidate the Bach1/HO-1 system's effects on the pathogenesis of experimental colitis. This study used C57BL/6 (wild-type) and homozygous Bach1-deficient C57BL/6 mice in which colonic damage was induced by the administration of an enema of 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS). Subsequently, they were evaluated macroscopically, histologically, and biochemically. Peritoneal macrophages from the respective mice were isolated and analyzed. Then, wild-type mice were injected with peritoneal macrophages from the respective mice. Acute colitis was induced similarly. TNBS-induced colitis was inhibited in Bach1-deficient mice. TNBS administration increased the expression of HO-1 messenger RNA and protein in colonic mucosa in Bach1-deficient mice. The expression of HO-1 mainly localized in F4/80-immunopositive and CD11b-immunopositive macrophages. Isolated peritoneal macrophages from Bach1-deficient mice highly expressed HO-1 and also manifested M2 macrophage markers, such as Arginase-1, Fizz-1, Ym1, and MRC1. Furthermore, TNBS-induced colitis was inhibited by the transfer of Bach1-deficient macrophages into wild-type mice. Deficiency of Bach1 ameliorated TNBS-induced colitis. Bach1-deficient macrophages played a key role in protection against colitis. Targeting of this mechanism is applicable to cell therapy for human inflammatory bowel disease.

  2. Bach: Máxima expresión de genes musicales.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Jácome Roca

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available

    El padre de la música moderna, Juan Sebastián Bach, inauguró el milenio con explosiones armoniosas en todo el planeta, al conmemorarse 250 años de la finalización de su ciclo vital.

    Como ya lo hemos indicado, la presidencia de la Academia ha querido intercalar las sesiones ordinarias con otras de tipo cultural y aprovechó este importante aniversario para hacer su contribución, al igual que lo hicieron otras importantes instituciones del país.

    Por esta razón, el académico Roso Alfredo Cala Hederich nos obsequió con una agradable velada de antología, en la cual combinó la audición de trozos musicales que en su sentir representan lo mejor de la música del genio alemán (en ocasiones sirviendo de “melopea” o música de fondo para su presentación oral, con extraordinarios videos de paisajes y edificios por donde transcurrió la vida de uno de los tres más grandes compositores mundiales, junto con Beethoven y Mozart posteriormente.

    Bach fue la máxima expresión musical de una familia de muchos miembros cuyo oficio artesanal fue tocar, enseñar, crear y perfeccionar la música, que fue exitosa “in crescendo” a partir del primer Bach, llegó a su clímax con J.Sebastián y fue paulatinamente decayendo hasta llegar a la buena calidad, mas no extraordinaria. Bach, consciente de la importancia de su familia en ese arte (el que además representaba el “modus vivendi” de todos ellos, escribió una crónica de 53 familiares, todos de sexo masculino, con información sobre su actividad musical, acompañada de un árbol genealógico que infortunadamente se extravió...

  3. Corpos em tensão: feminino, masculino e barroco no espetáculo Bach

    OpenAIRE

    Almeida Tereza Virginia de

    2003-01-01

    Em 1996, a Companhia de Dança Corpo de Belo Horizonte apresentou o espetáculo Bach. A música, a coreografia e os elementos visuais como cenário e figurino se combinam de forma a revisitar a estética barroca. Neste contexto, os corpos dos bailarinos exercem função central ao inscrever estados de tensão comuns ao barroco, principalmente na forma como performatizam a relação entre os gêneros.

  4. J. S. Bach: Técnica de composición como explicatio textus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González Valle, José V.

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available During the XVII to XVIII centuries, musical theorists, especially in Protestant circles compiled, classified and published diverse constructive procedures (figures used by renaissance composers and their immediate precursors in order to express sub specie musicae the meaning of texts. In this way, composition techniques became "idiomatical". J. S. Bach's contribution in this field has been investigated and acknowledged by musicologists throughout history. For some time now, evangelical theology has been taking an interest in that particular aspect of Bach's music, as it is obvious that in order to find an explanation for texts both devout and biblical it is often useful to analyse artistic expressions of the said texts, given that, going down that path theology will learn to understand and listen to them in a new light. That is where music, more so than other art forms, acquires special importance.Durante los siglos XVII-XVIII, los teóricos de música, especialmente en ambientes protestantes, recogen, sistematizan y dan a conocer diversos procedimientos constructivos (figuras usados por los compositores renacentistas e inmediatamente posteriores para expresar sub specie musicae el contenido del texto. De este modo, la técnica de composición musical se va "idiomatizando". La aportación de J. S. Bach, en este sentido, ha sido estudiada y reconocida por la musicología histórica. Hace un tiempo, también la teología evangélica ha comenzado a interesarse en este aspecto de la música de Bach, pues parece claro, que la explicación de los textos bíblicos o devocionales puede tener éxito por medio del trabajo artístico sobre dichos textos, ya que, por este camino, la teología aprende a oírlos y entenderlos de un modo nuevo. Es aquí donde la música, mucho más que el resto de las artes, adquiere una especial importancia.

  5. BACHES - a compact \\'echelle spectrograph for radial velocity surveys with small telescopes

    CERN Document Server

    Kozłowski, S K; Ratajczak, M; Sybilski, P; Pawłaszek, R K; Hełminiak, K G

    2014-01-01

    We evaluate a pre-production BACHES \\'{e}chelle spectrograph in terms of its usefulness for radial velocity surveys of binary stars with small telescopes in a remote and autonomous. We use the Solaris-4 observatory located in Casleo, Argentina, that is part of a global network of autonomous observatories as the test-bed for the instrument. The setup is designed in such a way that spectroscopy and photometry can be carried out using the same telescope without the need to mechanically modify the imaging train. We observe single spectroscopic standard stars as well as binary stars up to 9.75 mag. We present results of mechanical tests of the instruments and spectroscopic observations carried out between Nov 26th and Dec 8th 2013. We conclude that BACHES is a very compact and capable spectrograph well suited for remote and autonomous operation. Coupled to a 0.5-m telescope it is capable of obtaining spectra of 10 mag targets with a SNR of 20 for 30-minute exposures. This is a very good result considering the pric...

  6. Oral food desensitization: the BACH proposal for the very gradual reintroduction of a food.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meglio, Paolo

    2013-06-01

    The common treatment of IgE-mediated food allergy is to avoid the offending item and educating patients on appropriate emergency measures. Recently, attempts to gain food tolerance with oral administration of increasing doses of the offending food have become frequent. Desensitization procedures are risky and safety is a priority. Their success depends on the individual allergic characteristics and the modality of food administration. Most schedules adopted in the desensitization protocols are empiric and not regular, as requirements of safety would require. Some oral food desensitization schedules were compared in order to verify whether the increments between doses were regular. Through a mathematic formula adopted by the musicians to tune instruments in the 17th Century, including Bach, I describe a method to calculate an increment factor by which a schedule of food administration that ensures an absolutely constant increment between doses can be achieved. This method can prove useful for every situation in which a gradual dose increment is needed (food, drugs in an experimental setting, specific immunotherapy with inhalants or venom insect allergens). All calculations can be done also without a computer, and this is particularly important if modern technologies are not available, such as in developing countries.I propose calling this method 'Building an Allergen-augmentation Curve Harmoniously (BACH)'.

  7. 论巴赫音乐的多重风格特征%Research on Multiple Styles of Bach's Music

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴巧云; 姬红兵

    2014-01-01

    文章以西方音乐史上承前启后的复调音乐大师约·塞·巴赫及其音乐创作风格为研究内容,论述巴赫在继承巴洛克时期复调音乐、开启主调和声风格乃至近现代音乐思维的音乐创作中所形成的多重风格特征。从历史的视角提供了认识巴赫及其音乐风格较为广泛的文献背景与史料知识,为研究巴赫的音乐文献,把握其创作风格,提供理论依据。%This paper,based on the creating style of the polyphony master Johann Sebastian Bach in western music history, discussed in detail the multiple styles of Bach when he secceeded polyphony of Baroque time and started homophony harmony and modern musical thoughts. This paper provided background information and knowledge for Bach and his musical style and theoretical basis for studying Bach's works and mastering his creating style.

  8. "Leaders," "Followers" and Collective Group Support in Learning "Art Music" in an Amateur Composer-Oriented Bach Choir

    Science.gov (United States)

    Einarsdottir, Sigrun Lilja

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how amateur choral singers experience collective group support as a method of learning "art music" choral work. Findings are derived from a grounded-theory based, socio-musical case study of an amateur "art music" Bach Choir, in the process of rehearsing and performing the Mass in B…

  9. Effect of Instruction in Appropriate Rubato Usage on the Onset Timings of Musicians in Performances of Bach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Christopher M.

    2000-01-01

    Examines the effect of instruction in the use of specific rhythmic nuances on the timings of a musical performance. Forty volunteer upper-division and graduate students performed Johann Sebastian Bach's Suite no. 3 for Violoncello solo, Bouree no. 1, using a computer software program. Discusses the results. (CMK)

  10. Muusikamaailm : Bachi orel Leipzigis valmis. XX sajandi ooperid laval. Huddersfieldi festivalil. "Liszt ja Bach" Weimaris / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2000-01-01

    Lepzigi Thomaskirches taastati Bachi-aegne barokkorel. Flandria Ooperis, Hamburgi Riigiooperis ja Brüsseli Thétre de la Monnaie's lavastuvatest XX saj. heliloojate ooperitest. 16.-26. nov. toimuvast Huddersfieldi kaasaegse muusika festivalist Inglismaal. Festivalist "Liszt ja Bach" Weimaris

  11. Callicarpa bachmaensis Soejima & Tagane (Lamiaceae), a new species from Bach Ma National Park in Thua Thien Hue Province, Central Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soejima, Akiko; Tagane, Shuichiro; Van, Ngoc Nguyen; Duy, Chinh Nguyen; Huong, Nguyen Thi Thanh; Yahara, Tetsukazu

    2016-01-01

    A new species, Callicarpa bachmaensis Soejima & Tagane, sp. nov., is described and illustrated from Bach Ma National Park in Thua Thien Hue Province, Central Vietnam. This species has a characteristic liana habit, white corolla, and narrowly elliptic to narrowly lanceolate, entire, occasionally subequal leaves, by which it is clearly distinguished from the other previously known species of this genus.

  12. Muusikamaailm : Bachi orel Leipzigis valmis. XX sajandi ooperid laval. Huddersfieldi festivalil. "Liszt ja Bach" Weimaris / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2000-01-01

    Lepzigi Thomaskirches taastati Bachi-aegne barokkorel. Flandria Ooperis, Hamburgi Riigiooperis ja Brüsseli Thétre de la Monnaie's lavastuvatest XX saj. heliloojate ooperitest. 16.-26. nov. toimuvast Huddersfieldi kaasaegse muusika festivalist Inglismaal. Festivalist "Liszt ja Bach" Weimaris

  13. Effect of Instruction in Appropriate Rubato Usage on the Onset Timings of Musicians in Performances of Bach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Christopher M.

    2000-01-01

    Examines the effect of instruction in the use of specific rhythmic nuances on the timings of a musical performance. Forty volunteer upper-division and graduate students performed Johann Sebastian Bach's Suite no. 3 for Violoncello solo, Bouree no. 1, using a computer software program. Discusses the results. (CMK)

  14. "Leaders," "Followers" and Collective Group Support in Learning "Art Music" in an Amateur Composer-Oriented Bach Choir

    Science.gov (United States)

    Einarsdottir, Sigrun Lilja

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how amateur choral singers experience collective group support as a method of learning "art music" choral work. Findings are derived from a grounded-theory based, socio-musical case study of an amateur "art music" Bach Choir, in the process of rehearsing and performing the Mass in B…

  15. Preventive use of Bach flower Rescue Remedy in the control of risk factors for cardiovascular disease in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Resende, Margarida Maria de Carvalho; Costa, Francisco Eduardo de Carvalho; Gardona, Rodrigo Galvão Bueno; Araújo, Rochilan Godinho; Mundim, Fiorita Gonzales Lopes; Costa, Maria José de Carvalho

    2014-08-01

    To evaluate the effect of Bach flower Rescue Remedy on the control of risk factors for cardiovascular disease in rats. A randomized longitudinal experimental study. Eighteen Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups of six animals each and orogastrically dosed with either 200 μl of water (group A, control), or 100 μl of water and 100 μl of Bach flower remedy (group B), or 200 μl of Bach flower remedy (group C) every 2 days, for 20 days. All animals were fed standard rat chow and water ad libitum. Urine volume, body weight, feces weight, and food intake were measured every 2 days. On day 20, tests of glycemia, hyperuricemia, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and total cholesterol were performed, and the anatomy and histopathology of the heart, liver and kidneys were evaluated. Data were analyzed using Tukey's test at a significance level of 5%. No significant differences were found in food intake, feces weight, urine volume and uric acid levels between groups. Group C had a significantly lower body weight gain than group A and lower glycemia compared with groups A and B. Groups B and C had significantly higher HDL-cholesterol and lower triglycerides than controls. Animals had mild hepatic steatosis, but no cardiac or renal damage was observed in the three groups. Bach flower Rescue Remedy was effective in controlling glycemia, triglycerides, and HDL-cholesterol and may serve as a strategy for reducing risk factors for cardiovascular disease in rats. This study provides some preliminary "proof of concept" data that Bach Rescue Remedy may exert some biological effects. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Numerical analysis of the flow around the Bach-type Savonius wind turbine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kacprzak, K.; Sobczak, K.

    2014-08-01

    The performance of the Bach-type Savonius wind turbine with a constant cross-section is examined by means of quasi 2D and 3D flow predictions obtained from ANSYS CFX. Simulations were performed in a way allowing for a comparison with the wind tunnel data presented by Kamoji et al. The comparison with the experiment has revealed that 2D solutions give much higher deviation from the reference data than the 3D ones, which guarantees a good solution quality. It can be stated that even simplified (lack of laminar-turbulence transition modelling and a coarser mesh) 3D simulations can yield more accurate results than complex 2D solutions for turbines with a low aspect ratio. The paper also presents a systematic analysis of the most characteristic flow structures which are identified in the rotor.

  17. On geometry of deformed black holes: II. Schwarzschild hole surrounded by a Bach-Weyl ring

    CERN Document Server

    Basovník, M

    2016-01-01

    We continue to study the response of black-hole space-times on the presence of additional strong sources of gravity. Restricting ourselves to static and axially symmetric (electro-)vacuum exact solutions of Einstein's equations, we first considered the Majumdar--Papapetrou solution for a binary of extreme black holes in a previous paper, while here we deal with a Schwarzschild black hole surrounded by a concentric thin ring described by the Bach--Weyl solution. The geometry is again revealed on the simplest invariants determined by the metric (lapse function) and its gradient (gravitational acceleration), and by curvature (Kretschmann scalar). Extending the metric inside the black hole along null geodesics tangent to the horizon, we mainly focus on the black-hole interior (specifically, on its sections at constant Killing time) where the quantities behave in a way indicating a surprisingly strong influence of the external source. Being already distinct on the level of potential and acceleration, this is still...

  18. Bach Flower Remedies for psychological problems and pain: a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Langley Tessa

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Bach Flower Remedies are thought to help balance emotional state and are commonly recommended by practitioners for psychological problems and pain. We assessed whether Bach Flower Remedies (BFRs are safe and efficacious for these indications by performing a systematic review of the literature. Methods We searched MEDLINE®, Embase, AMED, and the Cochrane Library from inception until June 2008 and performed a hand-search of references from relevant key articles. For efficacy, we included all prospective studies with a control group. For safety, we also included retrospective, observational studies with more than 30 subjects. Two authors abstracted data and determined risk of bias using a recognised rating system of trial quality. Results Four randomised controlled trials (RCTs and two additional retrospective, observational studies were identified and included in the review. Three RCTs of BFRs for students with examination anxiety, and one RCT of BFRs for children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD showed no overall benefit in comparison to placebo. Due to the number and quality of the studies the strength of the evidence is low or very low. We did not find any controlled prospective studies regarding the efficacy of BFRs for pain. Only four of the six studies included for safety explicitly reported adverse events. Conclusion Most of the available evidence regarding the efficacy and safety of BFRs has a high risk of bias. We conclude that, based on the reported adverse events in these six trials, BFRs are probably safe. Few controlled prospective trials of BFRs for psychological problems and pain exist. Our analysis of the four controlled trials of BFRs for examination anxiety and ADHD indicates that there is no evidence of benefit compared with a placebo intervention.

  19. Preparatory investigations for a public dialogue on flash flood risk in the Mehlemer Bach catchment, Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seydel, Elena; Turley, Michael; Becht, Michael; Heckmann, Tobias

    2013-04-01

    On July 3rd, 2010, an extreme precipitation event occurred in the municipality of Wachtberg at the southern urban fringe of the Federal City of Bonn. The 30-min intensity of the torrential rain was estimated to represent a 1000 year event according to the KOSTRA dataset (German Meteorological Service, DWD). Rapid overland flow and the exceedance of the design values of the sewerage system caused a flash flood in the Mehlemer Bach catchment. Roughly 400 buildings were affected in its lower, urbanized part, and it took over two weeks to clear the damage. Similar flash flood events have been recorded in the same catchment regularly since the year 1693, three times in the last 80 years alone. The fact that, in case of the 2010 event, the official weather warning was released almost simultaneously to the beginning of the downpour highlights the urgent need for preparative action in the longer term. Flash flood risk mitigation relies, among others, on risk awareness and preparedness of residents. One aim of this study is to analyse the current risk communication in the drainage area of Mehlemer Bach through questionnaires and expert interviews, which will provide a good basis for an open dialogue between residents and the authorities. There is an urgent need for practical and accessible advice, and it must be ensured that the resources and capabilities of the individuals involved are taken into consideration. In addition, we compare a hazard map of the area to mental maps drawn by the local population in order to assess their risk perception.

  20. Activation of the Nrf2 Pathway by Inorganic Arsenic in Human Hepatocytes and the Role of Transcriptional Repressor Bach1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan Liu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Previous studies have proved that the environmental toxicant, inorganic arsenic, activates nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2 pathway in many different cell types. This study tried to explore the hepatic Nrf2 pathway upon arsenic treatment comprehensively, since liver is one of the major target organs of arsenical toxicity. Our results showed that inorganic arsenic significantly induced Nrf2 protein and mRNA expression in Chang human hepatocytes. We also observed a dose-dependent increase of antioxidant response element- (ARE- luciferase activity. Both the mRNA and protein levels of NAD(PH:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1 and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1 were all upregulated dramatically. On the other hand, entry and accumulation of Nrf2 protein in the nucleus, while exportting the transcriptional repressor BTB and CNC homology 1 (Bach1 from nucleus to cytoplasm, were also confirmed by western blot and immunofluorescence assay. Our results therefore confirmed the arsenic-induced Nrf2 pathway activation in hepatocytes and also suggested that the translocation of Bach1 was associated with the regulation of Nrf2 pathway by arsenic. Hepatic Nrf2 pathway plays indispensable roles for cellular defenses against arsenic hepatotoxicity, and the interplay of Bach1 and Nrf2 may be helpful to understand the self-defensive responses and the diverse biological effects of arsenicals.

  1. Fluvial sediment transport in a glacier-fed high-mountain river (Riffler Bach, Austrian Alps)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morche, David; Weber, Martin; Faust, Matthias; Schuchardt, Anne; Baewert, Henning

    2017-04-01

    High-alpine environments are strongly affected by glacier retreat since the Little Ice Age (LIA). Due to ongoing climate change the hydrology of proglacial rivers is also influenced. It is expected that the growing proportions of snow melt and rainfall events will change runoff characteristics of proglacial rivers. Additionally, the importance of paraglacial sediment sources in recently deglaciating glacier forefields is increasing, while the role of glacial erosion is declining. Thus complex environmental conditions leading to a complex pattern of fluvial sediment transport in partly glaciated catchments of the European Alps. Under the umbrella of the joint PROSA-project the fluvial sediment transport of the river Riffler Bach (Kaunertal, Tyrol, Austria) was studied in 3 consecutive ablation seasons in order to quantify sediment yields. In June 2012 a probe for water level and an automatic water sampler (AWS) were installed at the outlet of the catchment (20km2). In order to calculate annual stage-discharge-relations by the rating-curve approach, discharge (Q) was repeatedly measured with current meters and by salt dilution. Concurrent to the discharge measurements bed load was collected using a portable Helley-Smith sampler. Bed load samples were weighted and sieved in the laboratory to gain annual bed load rating curves and grain size distributions. In total 564 (2012: 154, 2013: 209, 2014: 201) water samples were collected and subsequently filtered to quantify suspended sediment concentrations (SSC). Q-SSC-relations were calculated for single flood events due to the high variability of suspended sediment transport. The results show a high inter- and intra-annual variability of solid fluvial sediment transport, which can be explained by the characteristics of suspended sediment transport. Only 13 of 22 event-based Q-SSC-relations show causal dependency. In 2012, during a period with multiple pluvial-induced peak discharges most sediment was transported. On the

  2. Judith Butler, Trouble dans le genre. Pour un féminisme de la subversion, trad. de l’américain par C. Kraus

    OpenAIRE

    Thiéblemont-Dollet, Sylvie

    2013-01-01

    Très novateur à l’époque de sa publication par les éditions Routledge, c’est-à-dire en 1990, Gender Trouble, Feminism and the Politics of Subversion, l’ouvrage de Judith Butler, professeur de rhétorique et de littérature comparée à Berkeley (Californie), vient d’être traduit en langue française dans une version approfondie et argumentée (pp. 2124) par Cynthia Kraus, sous le titre Trouble dans le Genre. Pour un féminisme de la subversion. Il aura fallu attendre quinze années pour que les trava...

  3. 论克劳斯对马克思劳动价值论的研究%On Krause's Study to Marxian Value Theory of Labor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡方

    2003-01-01

    德国学者克劳斯(Krause)在分析马克思的劳动价值论时,提出了著名的异质劳动模型理论.对于这一理论,可从西方马克思经济学的研究上,从是否符合马克思劳动价值论上,从对我国市场经济建设的意义上进行评价.

  4. Changes in erectile dysfunction over time in relation to Framingham cardiovascular risk in the Boston Area Community Health (BACH) Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Shona C; Rosen, Raymond C; Vita, Joseph A; Ganz, Peter; Kupelian, Varant

    2015-01-01

    Erectile dysfunction (ED) is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD); however, the association between change in ED status over time and future underlying CVD risk is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between change in ED status and Framingham CVD risk, as well change in Framingham risk. We studied 965 men free of CVD in the Boston Area Community Health (BACH) Survey, a longitudinal cohort study with three assessments. ED was assessed with the five-item International Index of Erectile Function at BACH I (2002-2005) and BACH II (2007-2010) and classified as no ED/transient ED/persistent ED. CVD risk was assessed with 10-year Framingham CVD risk algorithm at BACH I and BACH III (2010-2012). Linear regression models controlled for baseline age, socio-demographic and lifestyle factors, as well as baseline Framingham risk. Models were also stratified by age (≥/< 50 years). Framingham CVD risk and change in Framingham CVD risk were the main outcome measures. Transient and persistent ED was significantly associated with increased Framingham risk and change in risk over time in univariate and age-adjusted models. In younger men, persistent ED was associated with a Framingham risk that was 1.58 percentage points higher (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.11, 3.06) and in older men, a Framingham risk that was 2.54 percentage points higher (95% CI: -1.5, 6.59), compared with those without ED. Change in Framingham risk over time was also associated with transient and persistent ED in men <50 years, but not in older men. Data suggest that even after taking into account other CVD risk factors, transient and persistent ED is associated with Framingham CVD risk and a greater increase in Framingham risk over time, particularly in younger men. Findings further support clinical assessment of CVD risk in men presenting with ED, especially those under 50 years. © 2014 International Society for Sexual Medicine.

  5. A review of Dieter Maas's thoughts of social welfare%蒂特马斯社会福利思想述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王方方

    2013-01-01

    In the UK and Europe and the United States social welfare policy system and founder of theory, empirical social welfare policies of the first person to do, Dieter Maas with his keen observation and unique insights, with its distinct and value orientation of pragmatic and the persevering pursuit of social equity, building a complete national welfare thought.%  作为英国和欧美国家社会政策体系与福利理论奠基人、经验性社会福利政策研究开山鼻祖,蒂特马斯以其敏锐的观察力和独到的见解,以其鲜明而务实的价值取向及对社会公平的执着追求,构建了完整的国家福利思想。

  6. Aggregation dynamics along a salinity gradient in the Bach Dang estuary, North Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mari, Xavier; Torréton, Jean-Pascal; Bich-Thuy Trinh, Claire; Bouvier, Thierry; Van Thuoc, Chu; Lefebvre, Jean-Pierre; Ouillon, Sylvain

    2012-01-01

    Variations of the sticking properties of transparent exopolymeric particles (TEP) were investigated by studying the interactions between latex beads and TEP precursors collected along a salinity gradient in the Bach Dang estuary, North Vietnam. For each sampling station, a suspension of TEP and beads was prepared and the formation of mixed aggregates was monitored in the laboratory under controlled turbulence intensity. The number of beads attached to TEP per volume of TEP increased from 0.22 × 10 -3 ± 0.15 × 10 -3 μm -3 to 5.33 × 10 -3 ± 1.61 × 10 -3 μm -3, from low (28) salinities, respectively. The sudden increase in TEP sticking properties from salinity 10 to 15 suggests the occurrence of an "aggregation web" resulting from the stimulation of aggregation processes. For a given turbulence level, the formation of large aggregates should be enhanced seaward. The presence of a higher fraction of large aggregates seaward is supported by the increase of the slope of the particle size spectra measured in situ. The observed increase in TEP sticking properties toward high salinities may affect the vertical export pump in estuaries. This study suggests that the transition from a low to a high physico-chemical reactivity of TEP along estuaries may result in a succession from recycling for salinity 10.

  7. Geometry of deformed black holes. II. Schwarzschild hole surrounded by a Bach-Weyl ring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basovník, M.; Semerák, O.

    2016-08-01

    We continue to study the response of black-hole space-times on the presence of additional strong sources of gravity. Restricting ourselves to static and axially symmetric (electro)vacuum exact solutions of Einstein's equations, we first considered the Majumdar-Papapetrou solution for a binary of extreme black holes in a previous paper, while here we deal with a Schwarzschild black hole surrounded by a concentric thin ring described by the Bach-Weyl solution. The geometry is again revealed on the simplest invariants determined by the metric (lapse function) and its gradient (gravitational acceleration), and by curvature (Kretschmann scalar). Extending the metric inside the black hole along null geodesics tangent to the horizon, we mainly focus on the black-hole interior (specifically, on its sections at constant Killing time) where the quantities behave in a way indicating a surprisingly strong influence of the external source. Being already distinct on the level of potential and acceleration, this is still more pronounced on the level of curvature: for a sufficiently massive and/or nearby (small) ring, the Kretschmann scalar even becomes negative in certain toroidal regions mostly touching the horizon from inside. Such regions have been interpreted as those where magnetic-type curvature dominates, but here we deal with space-times which do not involve rotation and the negative value is achieved due to the electric-type components of the Riemann/Weyl tensor. The Kretschmann scalar also shapes rather nontrivial landscapes outside the horizon.

  8. Disney explains Bach: a pedagogic unit on the Fifth Brandenburg Concerto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giorgio Pagannone

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article illustrates a pedagogic unit on music listening that is centered on the first movement of the Fifth Brandenburg Concerto by Bach and is aimed at primary school pupils. The selected concert is of historical importance for the prominent role assumed by the harpsichord in comparison to the other two soloists (flute and violin. The didactic “bridge” that is useful to deal with this piece and carve out the cognitive contents ad hoc has been identified by Giorgio Pagannone in Walt Disney’s animated cartoon, Three Little Pigs (1933, based on a fairy tale of the same name.First, we present and analyse  the music piece and animated cartoon. Next, we provide a detailed and articulated description of the pedagogic unit, that was adopted by Silvia Cancedda in a primary school in Bologna (Italy and produced very good results such as the intuitive reading of selected score fragments. The appendix includes some of the works done by the pupils.

  9. Optical band gap energy and ur bach tail of CdS:Pb2+ thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chavez, M.; Juarez, H.; Pacio, M. [Universidad Autonoma de Puebla, Instituto de Ciencias, Centro de Investigacion en Dispositivos Semiconductores, Av. 14 Sur, Col. Jardines de San Manuel, Ciudad Universitaria, Puebla, Pue. (Mexico); Gutierrez, R.; Chaltel, L.; Zamora, M.; Portillo, O. [Universidad Autonoma de Puebla, Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas, Laboratorio de Materiales, Apdo. Postal 1067, 72001 Puebla, Pue. (Mexico); Mathew, X., E-mail: osporti@yahoo.mx [UNAM, Instituto de Energias Renovables, Temixco, Morelos (Mexico)

    2016-11-01

    Pb S-doped CdS nano materials were successfully synthesized using chemical bath. Transmittance measurements were used to estimate the optical band gap energy. Tailing in the band gap was observed and found to obey Ur bach rule. The diffraction X-ray show that the size of crystallites is in the ∼33 nm to 12 nm range. The peaks belonging to primary phase are identified at 2θ = 26.5 degrees Celsius and 2θ = 26.00 degrees Celsius corresponding to CdS and Pb S respectively. Thus, a shift in maximum intensity peak from 2θ = 26.4 to 28.2 degrees Celsius is clear indication of possible transformation of cubic to hexagonal phase. Also peaks at 2θ = 13.57, 15.9 degrees Celsius correspond to lead perchlorate thiourea. The effects on films thickness and substrate doping on the band gap energy and the width on tail were investigated. Increasing doping give rise to a shift in optical absorption edge ∼0.4 eV. (Author)

  10. El olimpismo como filosofía de vida. Thomas Bach, paradigma de la carrera dual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Sánchez Pato

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente ensayo pretende ensalzar la figura de Thomas Bach, Presidente del Comité Olímpico Inter- nacional, por sus méritos académicos, deportivos y profesionales para hacerle merecedor del Doctorado Honoris Causa por la Universidad Católica de Murcia. Comienza haciendo un recorrido por su vida académi- ca y deportiva desde su juventud hasta la actualidad. Resalta significativamente su figura como ejemplo de carrera dual, al haber combinado perfectamente su for- mación académica con un alto desempeño deportivo. Al mismo tiempo, descubre las características y vivencias personales que le han hecho llegar a su éxito personal y profesional, tanto en la empresa privada como en los organismos deportivos. Indagando en los principales documentos públicos de su candidatura a la presidencia del COI y en su programa de gobierno al frente de este organismo, descubrimos las claves del éxito profesional de este insigne personaje.

  11. Bach Is the Father of Harmony: Revealed by a 1/f Fluctuation Analysis across Musical Genres.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan Wu

    Full Text Available Harmony is a fundamental attribute of music. Close connections exist between music and mathematics since both pursue harmony and unity. In music, the consonance of notes played simultaneously partly determines our perception of harmony; associates with aesthetic responses; and influences the emotion expression. The consonance could be considered as a window to understand and analyze harmony. Here for the first time we used a 1/f fluctuation analysis to investigate whether the consonance fluctuation structure in music with a wide range of composers and genres followed the scale free pattern that has been found for pitch, melody, rhythm, human body movements, brain activity, natural images and geographical features. We then used a network graph approach to investigate which composers were the most influential both within and across genres. Our results showed that patterns of consonance in music did follow scale-free characteristics, suggesting that this feature is a universally evolved one in both music and the living world. Furthermore, our network analysis revealed that Bach's harmony patterns were having the most influence on those used by other composers, followed closely by Mozart.

  12. Bach Is the Father of Harmony: Revealed by a 1/f Fluctuation Analysis across Musical Genres.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Dan; Kendrick, Keith M; Levitin, Daniel J; Li, Chaoyi; Yao, Dezhong

    2015-01-01

    Harmony is a fundamental attribute of music. Close connections exist between music and mathematics since both pursue harmony and unity. In music, the consonance of notes played simultaneously partly determines our perception of harmony; associates with aesthetic responses; and influences the emotion expression. The consonance could be considered as a window to understand and analyze harmony. Here for the first time we used a 1/f fluctuation analysis to investigate whether the consonance fluctuation structure in music with a wide range of composers and genres followed the scale free pattern that has been found for pitch, melody, rhythm, human body movements, brain activity, natural images and geographical features. We then used a network graph approach to investigate which composers were the most influential both within and across genres. Our results showed that patterns of consonance in music did follow scale-free characteristics, suggesting that this feature is a universally evolved one in both music and the living world. Furthermore, our network analysis revealed that Bach's harmony patterns were having the most influence on those used by other composers, followed closely by Mozart.

  13. Transcriptome Analysis of CD4+ T Cells in Coeliac Disease Reveals Imprint of BACH2 and IFNγ Regulation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emma M Quinn

    Full Text Available Genetic studies have to date identified 43 genome wide significant coeliac disease susceptibility (CD loci comprising over 70 candidate genes. However, how altered regulation of such disease associated genes contributes to CD pathogenesis remains to be elucidated. Recently there has been considerable emphasis on characterising cell type specific and stimulus dependent genetic variants. Therefore in this study we used RNA sequencing to profile over 70 transcriptomes of CD4+ T cells, a cell type crucial for CD pathogenesis, in both stimulated and resting samples from individuals with CD and unaffected controls. We identified extensive transcriptional changes across all conditions, with the previously established CD gene IFNy the most strongly up-regulated gene (log2 fold change 4.6; P(adjusted = 2.40x10(-11 in CD4+ T cells from CD patients compared to controls. We show a significant correlation of differentially expressed genes with genetic studies of the disease to date (P(adjusted = 0.002, and 21 CD candidate susceptibility genes are differentially expressed under one or more of the conditions used in this study. Pathway analysis revealed significant enrichment of immune related processes. Co-expression network analysis identified several modules of coordinately expressed CD genes. Two modules were particularly highly enriched for differentially expressed genes (P<2.2x10(-16 and highlighted IFNy and the genetically associated transcription factor BACH2 which showed significantly reduced expression in coeliac samples (log2FC -1.75; P(adjusted = 3.6x10(-3 as key regulatory genes in CD. Genes regulated by BACH2 were very significantly over-represented among our differentially expressed genes (P<2.2x10(-16 indicating that reduced expression of this master regulator of T cell differentiation promotes a pro-inflammatory response and strongly corroborates genetic evidence that BACH2 plays an important role in CD pathogenesis.

  14. Seasonal variability of cohesive sediment aggregation in the Bach Dang-Cam Estuary, Haiphong (Vietnam)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lefebvre, Jean-Pierre; Ouillon, Sylvain; Vinh, Vu Duy; Arfi, Robert; Panché, Jean-Yves; Mari, Xavier; Van Thuoc, Chu; Torréton, Jean-Pascal

    2012-04-01

    In the Bach Dang-Cam Estuary, northern Vietnam, mechanisms governing cohesive sediment aggregation were investigated in situ in 2008-2009. As part of the Red River delta, this estuary exhibits a marked contrast in hydrological conditions between the monsoon and dry seasons. The impact on flocculation processes was assessed by means of surveys of water discharge, suspended particulate matter concentration and floc size distributions (FSDs) conducted during a tidal cycle at three selected sites along the estuary. A method was developed for calculating the relative volume concentration for the modes of various size classes from FSDs provided by the LISST 100X (Sequoia Scientific Inc.). It was found that all FSDs comprised four modes identified as particles/flocculi, fine and coarse microflocs, and macroflocs. Under the influence of the instantaneous turbulent kinetic energy, their proportions varied but without significant modification of their median diameters. In particular, when the turbulence level corresponded to a Kolmogorov microscale of less than ˜235 μm, a major breakup of flocs resulted in the formation of particles/flocculi and fine microflocs. Fluctuations in turbulence level were governed by seasonal variations in freshwater discharge and by the tidal cycle. During the wet season, strong freshwater input induced a high turbulent energy level that tended to generate sediment transfer from the coarser size classes (macroflocs, coarse microflocs) to finer ones (particles/flocculi and fine microflocs), and to promote a transport of sediment seawards. During the dry season, the influence of tides predominated. The turbulent energy level was then only episodically sufficiently high to generate transfer of sediment between floc size classes. At low turbulent energy, modifications in the proportions of floc size classes were due to differential settling. Tidal pumping produced a net upstream transport of sediment. Associated with the settling of sediment

  15. A Variant in the BACH2 Gene Is Associated With Susceptibility to Autoimmune Addison's Disease in Humans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pazderska, Agnieszka; Oftedal, Bergithe E; Napier, Catherine M; Ainsworth, Holly F; Husebye, Eystein S; Cordell, Heather J; Pearce, Simon H S; Mitchell, Anna L

    2016-11-01

    Autoimmune Addison's disease (AAD) is a rare but highly heritable condition. The BACH2 protein plays a crucial role in T lymphocyte maturation, and allelic variation in its gene has been associated with a number of autoimmune conditions. We aimed to determine whether alleles of the rs3757247 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the BACH2 gene are associated with AAD. This case-control association study was performed in two phases using Taqman chemistry. In the first phase, the rs3757247 SNP was genotyped in 358 UK AAD subjects and 166 local control subjects. Genotype data were also available from 5154 healthy UK controls from the Wellcome Trust (WTCCC2) for comparison. In the second phase, the SNP was genotyped in a validation cohort comprising 317 Norwegian AAD subjects and 365 controls. The frequency of the minor T allele was significantly higher in subjects with AAD from the United Kingdom compared to both the local and WTCCC2 control cohorts (58% vs 45 and 48%, respectively) (local controls, P = 1.1 × 10(-4); odds ratio [OR], 1.68; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.29-2.18; WTCCC2 controls, P = 1.4 × 10(-6); OR, 1.44; 95% CI, 1.23-1.69). This finding was replicated in the Norwegian validation cohort (P = .0015; OR, 1.41; 95% CI, 1.14-1.75). Subgroup analysis showed that this association is present in subjects with both isolated AAD (OR, 1.53; 95% CI, 1.22-1.92) and autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 2 (OR, 1.37; 95% CI, 1.12-1.69) in the UK cohort, and with autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 2 in the Norwegian cohort (OR, 1.58; 95% CI, 1.22-2.06). We have demonstrated, for the first time, that allelic variability at the BACH2 locus is associated with susceptibility to AAD. Given its association with multiple autoimmune conditions, BACH2 can be considered a "universal" autoimmune susceptibility locus.

  16. Ein Fließgewässer im urbanen Umfeld. Analyse des ökologischen Zustandes des unteren Belmer Baches (Osnabrück, Niedersachsen) anhand des Makrozoobenthos

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasch, Peter; Trapp, Stefan

    2000-01-01

    The organic pollution of the lower Belmer Bach can be attributed to its agriculturally intensively used drainage area. Already before entering the urbanized region, the macrozoobenthos is poor in species due to saprobic pollution and the structural poverty of the waterbed and the banks.When compa......The organic pollution of the lower Belmer Bach can be attributed to its agriculturally intensively used drainage area. Already before entering the urbanized region, the macrozoobenthos is poor in species due to saprobic pollution and the structural poverty of the waterbed and the banks...

  17. Ein Fließgewässer im urbanen Umfeld. Analyse des ökologischen Zustandes des unteren Belmer Baches (Osnabrück, Niedersachsen) anhand des Makrozoobenthos

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasch, Peter; Trapp, Stefan

    2000-01-01

    The organic pollution of the lower Belmer Bach can be attributed to its agriculturally intensively used drainage area. Already before entering the urbanized region, the macrozoobenthos is poor in species due to saprobic pollution and the structural poverty of the waterbed and the banks.When compa......The organic pollution of the lower Belmer Bach can be attributed to its agriculturally intensively used drainage area. Already before entering the urbanized region, the macrozoobenthos is poor in species due to saprobic pollution and the structural poverty of the waterbed and the banks...

  18. Apontamentos retórico-musicais no Largo do Concerto n.5, BWV 1056, de Johann Sebastian Bach Musical-rethorical notes on J. S. Bach's Largo from Concerto n.5, BWV 1056

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Alberto Lanzoni

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo discute a análise retórica do Largo do Concerto n.5 em Fá menor, BWV 1056 de Johann Sebastian Bach. No primeiro momento, é apresentada uma revisão dos princípios retóricos e de como eles se transportam à música. A seguir, é proposta uma análise do movimento mencionado, partindo da discussão já exposta. O exercício analítico exemplifica como os princípios retóricos estão intimamente relacionados à música do período barroco.The present article is based upon the rhetorical analysis from Johann Sebastian Bach's Largo of Concert n. 5 F minor, BWV 1056. First, a review of the rhetorical principles and how they convey themselves to the music is introduced. Next, it is presented an analysis of the mentioned movement from the discussion already exposed. The analytical exercise exemplifies how the rhetorical principles are related to the Baroque period music.

  19. 关注水的可持续投资机会——专访瑞士SAM水资源基金投资组合经理Dieter Kuffer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雪吟

    2009-01-01

    能源行业的投资机会正在获得亚洲市场的空前关注,可能是Dieter Kuffer——来自瑞士苏黎世主题基金SAM(Suslainable Asset Management)可持续资产管理公司的基金经理——到北京和香港一周最强烈的感受。

  20. A statistical physics view of pitch fluctuations in the classical music from Bach to Chopin: evidence for scaling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Lu; Wei, Jianrong; Zhang, Huishu; Xin, Jianhong; Huang, Jiping

    2013-01-01

    Because classical music has greatly affected our life and culture in its long history, it has attracted extensive attention from researchers to understand laws behind it. Based on statistical physics, here we use a different method to investigate classical music, namely, by analyzing cumulative distribution functions (CDFs) and autocorrelation functions of pitch fluctuations in compositions. We analyze 1,876 compositions of five representative classical music composers across 164 years from Bach, to Mozart, to Beethoven, to Mendelsohn, and to Chopin. We report that the biggest pitch fluctuations of a composer gradually increase as time evolves from Bach time to Mendelsohn/Chopin time. In particular, for the compositions of a composer, the positive and negative tails of a CDF of pitch fluctuations are distributed not only in power laws (with the scale-free property), but also in symmetry (namely, the probability of a treble following a bass and that of a bass following a treble are basically the same for each composer). The power-law exponent decreases as time elapses. Further, we also calculate the autocorrelation function of the pitch fluctuation. The autocorrelation function shows a power-law distribution for each composer. Especially, the power-law exponents vary with the composers, indicating their different levels of long-range correlation of notes. This work not only suggests a way to understand and develop music from a viewpoint of statistical physics, but also enriches the realm of traditional statistical physics by analyzing music.

  1. A statistical physics view of pitch fluctuations in the classical music from Bach to Chopin: evidence for scaling.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lu Liu

    Full Text Available Because classical music has greatly affected our life and culture in its long history, it has attracted extensive attention from researchers to understand laws behind it. Based on statistical physics, here we use a different method to investigate classical music, namely, by analyzing cumulative distribution functions (CDFs and autocorrelation functions of pitch fluctuations in compositions. We analyze 1,876 compositions of five representative classical music composers across 164 years from Bach, to Mozart, to Beethoven, to Mendelsohn, and to Chopin. We report that the biggest pitch fluctuations of a composer gradually increase as time evolves from Bach time to Mendelsohn/Chopin time. In particular, for the compositions of a composer, the positive and negative tails of a CDF of pitch fluctuations are distributed not only in power laws (with the scale-free property, but also in symmetry (namely, the probability of a treble following a bass and that of a bass following a treble are basically the same for each composer. The power-law exponent decreases as time elapses. Further, we also calculate the autocorrelation function of the pitch fluctuation. The autocorrelation function shows a power-law distribution for each composer. Especially, the power-law exponents vary with the composers, indicating their different levels of long-range correlation of notes. This work not only suggests a way to understand and develop music from a viewpoint of statistical physics, but also enriches the realm of traditional statistical physics by analyzing music.

  2. Phytoplankton diversity and productivity in a highly turbid, tropical coastal system (Bach Dang Estuary, Vietnam)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rochelle-Newall, E. J.; Chu, V. T.; Pringault, O.; Amouroux, D.; Arfi, R.; Bettarel, Y.; Bouvier, T.; Bouvier, C.; Got, P.; Nguyen, T. M. H.; Mari, X.; Navarro, P.; Duong, T. N.; Cao, T. T. T.; Pham, T. T.; Ouillon, S.; Torréton, J.-P.

    2011-01-01

    The factors controlling estuarine phytoplankton diversity and production are relatively well known in temperate systems. Less however is known about the factors affecting phytoplankton community distribution in tropical estuaries. This is surprising given the economic and ecological importance of these large, deltaic ecosystems, such as are found in South East Asia. Here we present the results from an investigation into the factors controlling phytoplankton distribution and phytoplankton-bacterial coupling in the Bach Dang Estuary, a sub-estuary of the Red River system, in Northern Vietnam. Phytoplankton diversity and primary and bacterial production, nutrients and metallic contaminants (mercury and organotin) were measured during two seasons: wet (July 2008) and dry (March 2009). Phytoplankton community composition differed between the two seasons with only a 2% similarity between July and March. The large spatial extent and complexity of defining the freshwater sources meant that simple mixing diagrams could not be used in this system. We therefore employed multivariate analyses to determine the factors influencing phytoplankton community structure. Salinity and suspended particulate matter were important factors in determining phytoplankton distribution, particularly during the wet season. We also show that phytoplankton community structure is probably influenced by the concentrations of mercury species (inorganic mercury and methyl mercury in both the particulate and dissolved phases) and of tri-, di, and mono-butyl tin species found in this system. Freshwater phytoplankton community composition was associated with dissolved methyl mercury and particulate inorganic mercury concentrations during the wet season, whereas, during the dry season, dissolved methyl mercury and particulate butyl tin species were important factors for the discrimination of the phytoplankton community structure. Phytoplankton-bacterioplankton coupling was also investigated during both

  3. Phytoplankton diversity and productivity in a highly turbid, tropical coastal system (Bach Dang Estuary, Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. J. Rochelle-Newall

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The factors controlling estuarine phytoplankton diversity and production are relatively well known in temperate systems. Less however is known about the factors affecting phytoplankton community distribution in tropical estuaries. This is surprising given the economic and ecological importance of these large, deltaic ecosystems, such as are found in South East Asia. Here we present the results from an investigation into the factors controlling phytoplankton distribution and phytoplankton-bacterial coupling in the Bach Dang Estuary, a sub-estuary of the Red River system, in Northern Vietnam. Phytoplankton diversity and primary and bacterial production, nutrients and metallic contaminants (mercury and organotin were measured during two seasons: wet (July 2008 and dry (March 2009. Phytoplankton community composition differed between the two seasons with only a 2% similarity between July and March. The large spatial extent and complexity of defining the freshwater sources meant that simple mixing diagrams could not be used in this system. We therefore employed multivariate analyses to determine the factors influencing phytoplankton community structure. Salinity and suspended particulate matter were important factors in determining phytoplankton distribution, particularly during the wet season. We also show that phytoplankton community structure is probably influenced by the concentrations of mercury species (inorganic mercury and methyl mercury in both the particulate and dissolved phases and of tri-, di, and mono-butyl tin species found in this system. Freshwater phytoplankton community composition was associated with dissolved methyl mercury and particulate inorganic mercury concentrations during the wet season, whereas, during the dry season, dissolved methyl mercury and particulate butyl tin species were important factors for the discrimination of the phytoplankton community structure. Phytoplankton-bacterioplankton coupling was also

  4. microRNA-142 is upregulated by tumor necrosis factor-alpha and triggers apoptosis in human gingival epithelial cells by repressing BACH2 expression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Song; Song, Zhongchen; Dong, Jiachen; Shu, Rong

    2017-01-01

    Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) has been shown to cause apoptosis of gingival epithelial cells (GECs) in periodontitis. However, the underlying molecular mechanism is still unclear. In this study, we showed that miR-142 expression was significantly elevated in human GECs after exposure to TNF-α. Such induction was in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. Serum miR-142 levels were positively correlated with serum TNF-α levels in patients with chronic periodontitis (r = 0.314, P = 0.0152). Depletion of miR-142 was found to attenuate TNF-α-induced apoptosis, as determined by TUNEL staining and caspase-3 activity assays. In contrast, overexpression of miR-142 significantly reduced viability and induced apoptosis in GECs. Basic leucine zipper transcription factor 2 (BACH2) was identified to be a functional target of miR-142. Overexpression of miR-142 caused a 3-fold reduction of BACH2 protein in primary GECs. Overexpression of BACH2 significantly reversed miR-142- or TNF-α-induced apoptosis of GECs. Similar to the findings with miR-142 mimic, depletion of BACH2 significantly promoted apoptosis in GECs, which was accompanied by decreased expression of Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL and increased expression of Bax and Bim. Overall, miR-142 mediates TNF-α-induced apoptosis in gingival epithelial cells by targeting BACH2 and may represent a potential therapeutic target for periodontitis. PMID:28123644

  5. Hepatic HMOX1 expression positively correlates with Bach-1 and miR-122 in patients with HCV mono and HIV/HCV coinfection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jabłonowska, Elżbieta; Wójcik, Kamila; Szymańska, Bożena; Omulecka, Aleksandra; Cwiklińska, Hanna; Piekarska, Anna

    2014-01-01

    To analyze the expression of HMOX1 and miR-122 in liver biopsy samples obtained from HCV mono-and HIV/HCV co-infected patients in relation to selected clinical parameters, histological examination and IL-28B polymorphism as well as to determine whether HMOX1 expression is dependent on Bach-1. The study group consisted of 90 patients with CHC: 69 with HCV mono and 21 with HIV/HCV co-infection. RT-PCR was used in the analysis of HMOX1, Bach-1 and miR-122 expression in liver biopsy samples and in the assessment of IL-28B single-nucleotide polymorphism C/T (rs12979860) in the blood. Moreover in liver biopsy samples an analysis of HO-1 and Bach-1 protein level by Western Blot was performed. HCV mono-infected patients, with lower grading score (G600000 IU/mL) demonstrated higher expression of HMOX1. In patients with HIV/HCV co-infection, the expression of HMOX1 was lower in patients with lower lymphocyte CD4 count and higher HIV viral load. IL28B polymorphism did not affect the expression of either HMOX1 or miR-122. Higher HMOX1 expression correlated with higher expression of Bach-1 (Spearman's ρ = 0.586, p = 0.000001) and miR-122 (Spearman's ρ = 0.270, p = 0.014059). HMOX1 and miR-122 play an important role in the pathogenesis of CHC in HCV mono-and HIV/HCV co-infected patients. Reduced expression of HMOX1 in patients with HIV/HCV co-infection may indicate a worse prognosis in this group. Our results do not support the importance of Bach-1 in repression of HMOX1 in patients with chronic hepatitis C.

  6. BACH: A Toolset for Bounded Reachability Analysis of Linear Hybrid Systems%BACH:线性混成系统有界可达性模型检验工具

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卜磊; 李游; 王林章; 李宣东

    2011-01-01

    混成自动机的模型检验问题非常困难,即使是其中相对简单的一个子类--线性混成自动机,它的可达性问题仍然是不可判定的.现有的相关工具大都使用多面体计算来判定线性混成自动机状态空间的可达集,复杂度高、效率低,无法解决实际应用规模的问题.描述了一个面向线性混成系统有界可达性模型检验工具--BACH(bounded reachability checker),该工具能够沿指定路径(组)对单个线性混成自动机、多个线性混成自动机的组合进行可达性检验,并且在此基础上结合路径遍历技术完成对所有路径的有界可达性检验.实验数据显示,BACH不仅在面向路径可达性检验方面性能优异,可以适用于足够长度的路径,而且在针对所有路径的有界可达性检验时,BACH可以解决的问题规模也远远超过同类工具,已接近工业界应用的要求.%The model-checking problem for hybrid systems is very difficult to resolve.Even for a relatively simple class of hybrid systems, the class of linear hybrid automata, the most common problem of reachability is unsolvable.Existing techniques for the reachability analysis of linear hybrid automata do not scale well to problem sizes of practical interest.Instead of developing a tool to perform a reachability checking of the complete state space of linear hybrid automata, a prototype toolset BACH (bounded reachability checker) is presented to perform path-oriented reachability checking and bounded reachability checking of the linear hybrid automata and the compositional linear hybrid systems, where the length of the path being checked can be made very large, and the size of the system can be made large enough to handle problems of practical interest.The experiment data shows that BACH has good performance and scalability and supports the fact that BACH can become a powerful assistant for design engineers in the reachability analysis of linear hybrid automata.

  7. Contemporary suspended sediment yield of a partly glaciated catchment, Riffler Bach (Tyrol, Austria)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Martin; Baewert, Henning; Morche, David

    2015-04-01

    Due to glacier retreat since the LIA (Little Ice Age) proglacial areas in high mountain landscapes are growing. These systems are characterized by a high geomorphological activity, especially in the fluvial subsystem. Despite the long tradition of geomorphological research in the European Alps there is a still a lack of understanding in the interactions between hydrology, sediment sources, sediments sinks and suspended sediment transport. As emphasized by ORWIN ET AL. (2010) those problems can be solved by gathering data in a higher frequency and/or in a higher spatial resolution or density - both leading to a big amount of data. In 2012 a gauging station was installed at the outlet of the partly glaciated catchment of the Riffler Bach (Kaunertal valley, Tyrol). During the ablation seasons in 2012 and 2013 water stage was logged automatically every 15 minutes. In both seasons discharge was measured at different water levels to calculate a stage-discharge relation. Additionally, water samples were taken by an automatic water sampler. Within 16 sampling cycles with sampling frequencies ranging from 1 to 24 hours 389 water samples have been collected. The samples were filtered to calculate the suspended sediment concentration (SSC) of each sample. Furthermore, the climate station Weißsee provided meteorological data at a 15 minute interval. Due to the high variability in suspended sediment transport in proglacial rivers it is impossible to compute a robust annual Q-SSC-relation. Hence, two other approaches were used to calculate the suspended sediment load (SSL) and the suspended sediment yield (SSY): A) Q-SSC-relations for every single sampling cycle (e.g. GEILHAUSEN ET AL. 2013) B) Q-SSC-relations based on classification of dominant runoff-generating processes (e.g. ORWIN AND SMART 2004). The first approach uses commonly operated analysis methods that are well understood. While the hydro-climatic approach is more feasible to explain discharge generation and to

  8. Florais de bach como terapia complementar no tratamento dos sintomas de DDAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hellen Karla Oliveira Marques

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: O artigo aborda os Florais de Bach como Terapia complementar no tratamento dos sintomas dodistúrbio de déficit de atenção e hiperatividade (DDAH ou transtorno de déficit de atenção e hiperatividade(TDAH, um problema de saúde mental comum em crianças, caracterizado por distração, inquietação,impulsividade e transtornos de aprendizagem. Se o quadro persiste até a fase adulta, o portador tem sua vidaprofissional e pessoal afetada. A realidade do transtorno em crianças no Estado de São Paulo é preocupante, asecretaria Municipal da saúde (SMS do estado comprou nos primeiros meses de 2011 uma quantidade igual aquase o total adquirido no em 2010 de comprimidos de Ritalina (Cloridrato de Metilfenidato, estimulante dosistema nervoso central usado no tratamento do transtorno. Reportagens relatam que DDAH está entre asdoenças que mais renderá lucros para a indústria farmacêutica em 2012. Método: O trabalho realizado porpesquisas em internet e buscadores como LILAC´S, Scielo, Medline, e Pubmed sobre estudos quantitativos daeficácia da Terapia Floral no tratamento dos sintomas das crianças portadoras de DDAH. Incentivar a produçãocientíficacom aplicação de Terapia Floral no tratamento das crianças em escolas e Unidades básicas de saúde.Resultados: Verificou?se que a maioria das abordagens são descritas em sites de Terapeutas Holísticosepsicopedagogia e são enumerados os tipos de florais com suas funções no equilíbrio emocional. A terapia floralconfigura entre outras terapias tais como massagem, yoga, meditação e tai?chi?chuan. Foram encontradosraríssimos artigos e antigos do ano de 2007 a 2009 sobre padrão de cuidado nas escolas. Conclusões: Osestudos quantitativos sobre o temasão escassos principalmente no Brasil, porém deram um passoimportantecom resultados significativos no comportamento de emoções das crianças. A combinação detratamentos pedagógicos e terapia floral demonstraram efic

  9. Medienpädagogik als Sozialtechnologie im digital-kybernetischen Kapitalismus? Kybernetik, Systemtheorie und Gesellschaftskritik in Dieter Baackes Kommunikation und Kompetenz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Barberi

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Ausgehend von Dieter Baackes Habilitationsschrift «Kommunikation und Kompetenz» (1972/1973 werden in diesem Artikel die Forschungsergebnisse eines Close Readings von Baackes Diskursbegründung der Medienpädagogik präsentiert, das seine Theoriebildung diskursanalytisch und wissenssoziologisch im Kontext ihrer zeitgeschichtlichen Entstehung analysiert. Besonderes Augenmerk wird dabei auf die Rollen und Funktionen gelegt, die Kybernetik, Systemtheorie und Gesellschaftskritik als historische Voraussetzungen in Baackes Begründung der Medienpädagogik übernommen haben. In diesem Zusammenhang wird vor allem die wissensgeschichtliche Rolle der «Homöostase» herausgearbeitet, die in der Kybernetik und/als Systemtheorie die Annahme stützt, ein System strebe aus sich selbst «autopoietisch» zu einem Gleichgewicht. Dem steht bei Baacke selbst die aus dem Marxismus kommende Annahme entgegen, dass das kapitalistische System gerade nicht auf ein Gleichgewicht zustrebt, sondern hochgradig krisenanfällig ist. Dies ist von eminenter Bedeutung, wenn im Rückgriff auf die dem Mai 1968 folgenden Debatten der frühen 1970er Jahre vor Augen geführt werden kann, dass sich auch heute noch die politische Frage stellt, ob Medienpädagogik als systemstabilisierende «Sozialtechnologie» (Luhmann oder systemüberwindende «Kritische Theorie der Gesellschaft» (Habermas zu begreifen ist. Dabei wird auch gezeigt, dass die heutigen Debatten zur «Medienkompetenz» schon bei Baacke archäologisch mit der Marxschen Philosophie der Praxis verbunden sind, weshalb dahingehend vorgeschlagen wird, Baackes Theoriebildung über Habermas und Bourdieu im Sinne einer praxeologischen und handlungsorientierten Medienpädagogik zu verbinden, in welcher die handelnden Akteure/innen gegenüber Systemen und Strukturen theoretisch und praktisch in ihr Recht gesetzt werden.

  10. Stratification Studies with Sub Grade Iron Ore from Deposit No. 10 and 11A, Bacheli Complex, Bailadila, Chhattisgarh, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venkateswara Rao, Gottumukkala; Markandeya, Ravvala; Sharma, Satish Kumar

    2017-04-01

    Experiments were carried out with two different sizes of (-30 + 6 and -6 + 1 mm) sub grade iron ore sample from Deposit No. 10 and 11A, Bacheli Complex, Bailadila, India to study the stratification behaviour at optimised parameters in a under bed air pulsed jig at 1, 2, 5, 10, 15 and 20 minutes residence time. This paper deals with the rate at which stratification takes place and determines the optimum stratification time (residence time) for above two size fractions. Average apparent density along with Jig Stratification Index (JSI) of both the size fractions was calculated. It was observed that the stratification rate is high for fines (-6 + 1 mm) and stratification index was higher for lump (-30 + 6 mm) when compared with the other size fraction. The maximum JSI observed was 0.35 for lump (-30 + 6 mm) and 0.30 for fines (-6 + 1 mm).

  11. Counterpoint as a principle of creativity: Extracting divergent modifiers from 'The Art of Fugue' by Johann Sebastian Bach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Emanuele Corazza

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The main message carried by this article is that counterpoint can be taken as a model approach for the introduction of contrasting elements, not only in musical composition but also in the generation of ideas in any domain of knowledge. We start by an interdisciplinary review about the power of opposite concepts as constituting elements in nature. This is followed by the description of the DIMAI model for creative thinking, which is founded upon the dual forces of convergent and divergent thinking modalities. The main body of our work is an extraction of divergent modifiers from the Contrapunctus composed by Bach and collected in the Art of Fugue, with simple examples of application to the diversified fields of education and computer science.

  12. Transcriptome Analysis of CD4+ T Cells in Coeliac Disease Reveals Imprint of BACH2 and IFNγ Regulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molloy, Ben; Dominguez Castro, Patricia; Cormican, Paul; Trimble, Valerie; Mahmud, Nasir; McManus, Ross

    2015-01-01

    Genetic studies have to date identified 43 genome wide significant coeliac disease susceptibility (CD) loci comprising over 70 candidate genes. However, how altered regulation of such disease associated genes contributes to CD pathogenesis remains to be elucidated. Recently there has been considerable emphasis on characterising cell type specific and stimulus dependent genetic variants. Therefore in this study we used RNA sequencing to profile over 70 transcriptomes of CD4+ T cells, a cell type crucial for CD pathogenesis, in both stimulated and resting samples from individuals with CD and unaffected controls. We identified extensive transcriptional changes across all conditions, with the previously established CD gene IFNy the most strongly up-regulated gene (log2 fold change 4.6; Padjusted = 2.40x10-11) in CD4+ T cells from CD patients compared to controls. We show a significant correlation of differentially expressed genes with genetic studies of the disease to date (Padjusted = 0.002), and 21 CD candidate susceptibility genes are differentially expressed under one or more of the conditions used in this study. Pathway analysis revealed significant enrichment of immune related processes. Co-expression network analysis identified several modules of coordinately expressed CD genes. Two modules were particularly highly enriched for differentially expressed genes (Pcoeliac samples (log2FC -1.75; Padjusted = 3.6x10-3) as key regulatory genes in CD. Genes regulated by BACH2 were very significantly over-represented among our differentially expressed genes (P<2.2x10-16) indicating that reduced expression of this master regulator of T cell differentiation promotes a pro-inflammatory response and strongly corroborates genetic evidence that BACH2 plays an important role in CD pathogenesis. PMID:26444573

  13. Estudo químico de duas plantas medicinais da amazônia: Philodendron scabrum k. Krause (araceae e Vatairea guianensis aubl. (fabaceae Chemical study of two Amazonian medicinal plants: Philodendron scabrum K. Krause (Araceae and Vatairea guianensis Aubl. (Fabaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivonei Ottobelli

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho relata o estudo químico de duas plantas medicinais da Amazônia: Philodendron scabrum K. krause (Araceae e Vatairea guianensis Aubl. (Fabaceae. As composições dos óleos essenciais dos cipós de P. scabrum e dos frutos de V. guianensis, respectivamente, foram analisadas em CG-DIC e CG-EM. Os constituintes majoritários dos cipós de P. scabrum foram óxido de cariofileno (19,42%, α-copaeno (16,08% e β-bisaboleno (10,01%; e nos frutos de V. guianensis foram o ácido (9Z-octadecenoico (24,95% e o ácido docosahexaenoico (24,17%. β-sitosterol e o alquilresorcinol 1-hexadecanoil-2,6-dihidroxibenzeno foram isolados do extrato etanólico dos cipós de P. scabrum; e do extrato etanólico dos frutos de V. guianensis, foram isoladas as antraquinonas crisofanol e fisciona. As determinações estruturais foram baseadas em dados de RMN de ¹H e 13C. RMN, uni e bidimensional e comparação com dados da literatura.This work describes the chemical study of two medicinal plants of the Amazon Philodendron scabrum K. Krause (Araceae and Vatairea guianensis Aubl. (Fabaceae. Essential oils composition from stems of Philodendron scabrum K. Krause (Araceae and fruits of Vatairea guianensis Aubl. (Fabaceae, respectively were analyzed in GC-FID and GC-MS. The major constituents from stems of P. scarabum were caryophyllene oxide (22.42%, α-copaene (16.08% and β-bisabolene (12.01% and from fruits of V. guianensis were (9Z-octadecenoic acid (24.95% and docosahexenoic acid (24.17%. β-sitosterol and alkylresorcinol 1-hexadecanoyl-2,6-dihydroxybenzene were isolated from ethanolic extracts from stems of P. scabrum and from ethanolic extracts from fruits of V. guianensis, the athraquinones chrysophanol and physcion were isolated. The structure of isolated compounds we determinate wered based on data from ¹H and 13C NMR, including two dimensional analyses and comparison with literature data.

  14. The Scaevola frutescen (Mill.) Krause dried-leaves extract as a potential natural reduction system for synthesis of gold nanoparticles and their evaluation for antibacterial of Eschericia coli

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salprima Yudha, S.; Angasa, Eka; Suharto, Totok Eka; Nishina, Yuta; Mardlia, Zulfikri Achid; Sipriyadi

    2016-02-01

    Many reports recently show that some plant and animal extracts were useful to prepare some desired materials. In line with the statement, this report will present a bioresources candidate that can be used for green preparation of gold nanoparticles. The Scaevola fruteschen (Mill.) Krause was obtained from Enggano island, Bengkulu Province, Indonesia. The current research include synthesis, characterization and application study of the obtained nanoparticles in their original medium/reduction system as antibacterial agent of Escherichia coli. Besides that, the interaction study of the nanoparticles solution with Pb2+ ions was also studied. The results, shows that the present reduction system (aqueous extract of the plant leaves) successfully reduced gold (III) ions to gold metals as shown by new peak at 544 nm in spectrophotometry analysis. The average nanopartiles size was 96 nm based on Particles Size Analyzer (PSA) result. The stability study revealed that the nanoparticles solution was not stable in the persence of Pb(OAc)2 at high concentration. The nanoparticles were effective enough toward E. coli as shown by inhibition zone that indicates the degree of sensitivity of bacteria to nanoparticles.

  15. Erythropoietin Rescues Primary Rat Cortical Neurons by Altering the Nrf2:Bach1 Ratio: Roles of Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase 1/2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Li-Min; Zhang, Dong-Xue; Zhao, Xiao-Chun; Sun, Wenbo

    2017-01-12

    While inhalation anesthetics are indispensable, and generally considered safe and effective, there is growing concern about the selective neurotoxicity of these agents, especially sevoflurane. Erythropoetin (EPO)-induced protection against sevoflurane-induced neuronal death is an effective intervention, but the underlying mechanism is poorly understood. Extracellular signal-related kinases (Erk) 1/2 plays a pivotal role in cell growth and proliferation. Alteration of the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor (Nrf2)/BTB-to-CNC homology 1 (Bach1) ratio by Erk1/2 ameliorates the oxidative stress which occurs in human macrophages. Primary cortical neuron cultures exposed to sevoflurane were assessed for Nrf2, Bach1, total Erk1/2, and phosphorylated Erk1/2 with the following: 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide; propidium iodide uptake; lactate dehydrogenase; malondialdehyde (MDA); superoxide dismutase (SOD); and Western blot. Sevoflurane exposure increased cell death, injury, and MDA (n = 9, P < 0.05), but decreased cell viability and the Nrf2:Bach1 ratio (n = 9, P < 0.05) and down-regulated SOD (n = 9, P < 0.05), while EPO partially rescued the neurotoxicity induced by sevoflurane (n = 9, P < 0.05). Inhibition of Erk1/2 phosphorylation via PD98059 reversed the protective effect of EPO (n = 9, P < 0.05). Thus, protection of EPO markedly attenuated death of neurons exposed to sevoflurane by altering the Nrf2:Bach1 ratio mediated by phosphorylation and activation of Erk1/2.

  16. La labor de Enric Granados en el proceso de la recepción de la música de Bach en Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bonastre, Francesc

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available The musical personality of Enric Granados (1867-1916 includes many aspects, especially piano interpretation and symphonic, scenic, "liederistic" and piano composition, as well as pedagogy, together with the foundation of the Granados Academy (1900. He got to know Bach's music through Ch. W. Bériot in Paris and F. Pedrell in Barcelona. He spread Bach's music as a soloist, director and pedagogue, together with other important disciples of Pedrell: J. Albéniz, L. Millet and H. Angles. The article includes 14 concerts in Barcelona related to Granados (1895-1912.

    La personalidad musical de Enric Granados (1867-1916 comprende numerosas facetas, especialmente la interpretación pianística, la composición sinfónica, escénica, liederística y pianística, y la pedagogía, con la fundación de la Academia Granados (1900. Conoce la música de Bach a través de Ch. W. Bériot en París, y de F. Pedrell en Barcelona; se convierte en uno de los difusores de la música bachiana como concertista, director y pedagogo, al lado de otros destacados discípulos de Pedrell: I. Albéniz, L. Millet e H. Angles. El artículo recoge 14 conciertos barceloneses relacionados con Granados (1895-1912.

  17. Gold nanoparticles induce heme oxygenase-1 expression through Nrf2 activation and Bach1 export in human vascular endothelial cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lai TH

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Tsung-Hsuan Lai,1–3 Jiunn-Min Shieh,4,5 Chih-Jen Tsou,1 Wen-Bin Wu11School of Medicine, Fu-Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City, Taiwan; 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cathay General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; 3Institute of Systems Biology and Bioinformatics, National Central University, Jhongli City, Taiwan; 4Department of Internal Medicine, Chi-Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan; 5Department of Recreation and Healthcare Management, Chia Nan University of Pharmacy and Science, Tainan, TaiwanAbstract: It has been reported that increased levels and activity of the heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1 protein ameliorate tissue injuries. In the present study, we investigated the effects and mechanisms of action of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs on HO-1 protein expression in human vascular endothelial cells (ECs. The AuNPs induced HO-1 protein and mRNA expression in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. The induction was reduced by the thiol-containing antioxidants, including N-acetylcysteine and glutathione, but not by the non-thiol-containing antioxidants and inhibitors that block the enzymes for intracellular reactive oxygen species generation. The AuNPs enhanced Nrf2 protein levels but did not affect Nrf2 mRNA expression. In response to the AuNP treatment, the cytosolic Nrf2 translocated to the nucleus, and, concomitantly, Bach1 exited the nucleus and its tyrosine phosphorylation increased. The chromatin immunoprecipitation assay revealed that the translocated Nrf2 bound to the antioxidant-response element located in the E2 enhancer region of the HO-1 gene promoter and acted as a transcription factor. Although N-acetylcysteine inhibited the AuNP-induced Nrf2 nuclear translocation, the AuNPs did not promote intracellular reactive oxygen species production or endoplasmic reticulum stress in the ECs. Knockdown of Nrf2 expression by RNA interference significantly inhibited AuNP-induced HO-1 expression at the protein and mRNA levels. In summary

  18. Eficacia de la terapia floral de Bach aplicada en niños de primer grado con hábito de succión digital Efficacy of Bach´ s flower therapy in first-grade schoolchildren who have the habit of finger sucking.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mayra Raquel Martínez Ramos

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un ensayo clínico controlado fase III en 60 niños con hábito de succión digital, entre 6 y 7 años de edad, que recibieron atención primaria en la Clínica Estomatológica Provincial Docente de Santiago de Cuba desde septiembre 2005 a junio 2006, con el objetivo de demostrar la eficacia del tratamiento con terapia floral de Bach para la eliminación del hábito de succión digital. La muestra se seleccionó aleatoriamente y se conformaron 2 grupos de tratamientos: grupo estudio y grupo control, de 30 pacientes cada uno; el primero tratado con terapia floral de Bach y el segundo con tratamiento convencional. Se evaluó a los 7, 15 y 21 días, al 3er, y 6to, mes. Al finalizar el tratamiento se observó que el 66,6 % de niños había eliminado el hábito en el grupo estudio y solo el 20 % en el grupo control. El tratamiento con terapia floral de Bach resultó ser eficaz en la eliminación del hábito de succión digital, por lo que recomendamos extender la aplicación de esta modalidad a otras instituciones estomatológicas de la provincia.A phase III controlled clinical assay was carried out in 60 children aged 6-7 years, who had the habit of finger sucking and were treated in the Provincial Teaching Dental Clinic of Santiago de Cuba province, from September 2005 to June 2006. The objective was to prove the efficacy of Bach´s flower therapy for eliminating finger sucking. The randomly selected sample was divided into 2 groups under treatment, that is, the study group and the control group with 30 patients each; the first received Bach´s therapy and the other the standard treatment. Both groups were evaluated after 7, 15 and 21 days and also at 3rd and 6th months. After completion of treatment, it was observed that 66.6% of children had dropped that habit in the study group whereas only 20% had succeded in the control group. The application of Bach´s flower therapy proved to be effective to elimitate the habit of finger sucking

  19. Rezension von: Melanie Krause: Weibliche Nutzer von Computerspielen. Differenzierte Betrachtung und Erklärung der Motive und Verhaltensweisen weiblicher Nutzer von Computerspielen. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften 2010.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Astrid Deuber-Mankowsky

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available In der 2010 veröffentlichten kommunikationswissenschaftlich ausgerichteten Studie geht es um eine quantitative Beschreibung des Nutzungsverhaltens und der Nutzungsmotive computerspielender Frauen. Melanie Krause argumentiert konsequent innerhalb der fachlichen Grenzen der neueren Mediennutzungsforschung. Wirklich neu ist der von ihr unternommene Versuch einer Spielerinnentypologisierung, indem sie auf der Basis der erhobenen Daten zum Nutzungsverhalten und zu Nutzungsmotiven der Spielerinnen vier Cluster gebildet hat. Diese werden mit vier Spielerinnentypen identifiziert, die allerdings hochgradig normativ besetzt sind. Aus der Perspektive der kritischen Gender Studies wäre eine Reflexion und Diskussion der in die Spielerinnentypologie eingeflossenen normativen Voraussetzungen wünschenswert.

  20. 散斑肖万寿竹的组织培养与植株再生%Tissue Culture and Plantlet Regeneration of Disporopsis aspera(Hua)Engl.ex Krause

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋天仪; 石大兴; 王米力; 王春婷

    2007-01-01

    1植物名称散斑肖万寿竹[Disporopsisaspera(Hua)Engl.ex Krause],又名散斑竹根七。2材料类别带节茎段3培养条件诱导培养基:(1)MS+6-BA1.5mg.L-1(单位下同)+2,4-D0.5+NAA0.05;增殖培养基:(2)MS+6-BA2+NAA0.1;

  1. Cueing musical emotions: An empirical analysis of 24-piece sets by Bach and Chopin documents parallels with emotional speech.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poon, Matthew; Schutz, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Acoustic cues such as pitch height and timing are effective at communicating emotion in both music and speech. Numerous experiments altering musical passages have shown that higher and faster melodies generally sound "happier" than lower and slower melodies, findings consistent with corpus analyses of emotional speech. However, equivalent corpus analyses of complex time-varying cues in music are less common, due in part to the challenges of assembling an appropriate corpus. Here, we describe a novel, score-based exploration of the use of pitch height and timing in a set of "balanced" major and minor key compositions. Our analysis included all 24 Preludes and 24 Fugues from Bach's Well-Tempered Clavier (book 1), as well as all 24 of Chopin's Preludes for piano. These three sets are balanced with respect to both modality (major/minor) and key chroma ("A," "B," "C," etc.). Consistent with predictions derived from speech, we found major-key (nominally "happy") pieces to be two semitones higher in pitch height and 29% faster than minor-key (nominally "sad") pieces. This demonstrates that our balanced corpus of major and minor key pieces uses low-level acoustic cues for emotion in a manner consistent with speech. A series of post hoc analyses illustrate interesting trade-offs, with sets featuring greater emphasis on timing distinctions between modalities exhibiting the least pitch distinction, and vice-versa. We discuss these findings in the broader context of speech-music research, as well as recent scholarship exploring the historical evolution of cue use in Western music.

  2. Aplicación de la terapia floral de Bach en niños con retardo del desarrollo psíquico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Elena Francia Reyes

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un trabajo investigativo, prospectivo, transversal, con 100 alumnos de la Escuela Especial de Retardo del Desarrollo Psíquico "Turcios Lima", situada en el consejo popular de Cayo Hueso en el municipio Centro Habana, con el objetivo de evaluar los resultados de la aplicación de la terapia floral de Bach en el aprendizaje de estos niños diagnosticados como retardados. A principios del siglo xx el doctor Edward Bach (1886-1936, médico de origen galés, desarrollo un original y eficaz sistema de curación. Él sostuvo que la enfermedad es producto del desequilibrio entre la mente y el cuerpo, que altera el campo energético del ser vivo. El organismo se enferma ante el padecer psicológico y el desorden emocional, y expresó: "La enfermedad no es un mal a suprimir sino un beneficio a comprender." Se seleccionaron de forma aleatoria a 100 niños de dicha escuela, constituyéndose un grupo estudio y otro control. Se revisaron sus expedientes y se realizó historia clínica floral. Se realizaron entrevistas a padres y maestros para confrontar resultados. Se aplicaron remedios florales y se arribaron a conclusiones como que la aplicación de estos remedios facilita el tránsito de escuela especial a enseñanza general.At the beginning of the 20th century, a Welsh doctor named Edward Bach(1886-1936, developed an original and efficient healing system. He affirmed that the disease was the result of imbalance of the mind and the body that distorted the energy field of the live being. The body got sick due to psychological and emotional disorders, so he said "Disease is not an evil to be eliminated but a benefit to be understood." A prospective cross-sectional study of 100 students was conducted in "Turcios Lima" Special School for Psychical Development Retardation located in Cayo Hueso neighborhood, Centro Habana municipality. The objective was to evaluate the results of the application of Bach´s flower therapy in the learning process of

  3. Bach a través del violonchelo. Interpretación comparativa de la Suite nº 2 para violonchelo BWV 1008

    OpenAIRE

    Pastor-Bueno, Francisco

    2016-01-01

    Este Trabajo Fin de Máster pretende realizar un análisis comparativo de la Suite nº 2 de J. S. Bach para violonchelo solo, BWV 1008, a través de la interpretación que de la misma nos han dejado cuatro grandes violonchelistas. En los instrumentos de cuerda frotada, la manera de utilizar las proporciones y el sentido del arco, junto a la digitación asignada a cada nota, influye en la sonoridad y en la expresividad de las interpretaciones, quizá de una manera más evidente que en cualquier otr...

  4. Saksa abituurium Eestis / Clemens Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krause, Clemens Hermann, 1943-

    2002-01-01

    Tallinna Saksa Gümnaasiumis töötab saksakeelne osakond, mille eesmärk on saksa abituurium. Komplitseeritud süsteemis, mis koosneb kohustuslikest ja valikainetest, kahe viimase aasta hinnetest ja eksamihinnetest, antakse punkte, mis kokku arvestatuna määravad, kas abituurium on sooritatud või mitte. Tallinna Saksa Gümnaasiumis on kogu Euroopas ainulaadne mudel : eesti ja saksa abituurium on omavahel seotud.

  5. Berichtigung von P. G. Krause

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krause, Paul Gustaf

    1888-01-01

    In meiner Arbeit »Ueber Tertiäre, Cretaceïsche und Aeltere Ablagerungen aus West-Borneo” (Dieser Band, Seite 169 ff.) habe ich eine neue, tertiäre Corbula- Art, Corbula borneensis nov. sp. benannt. Wie ich sogleich nach Beendigung des Druckes bemerke, habe ich übersehen, dass dieser Name bereits für

  6. 巴赫钢琴作品中装饰音的演奏技巧%The Playing Skill of Grace Note in Bach's Piano Works

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张帆; 赵汉娇

    2015-01-01

    纵观西方音乐发展史,巴洛克中期装饰音已在钢琴作品中得到了系统的应用.在形成既定的模式后,巴洛克中期之后的作曲家们开始广泛推行这种装饰音符号的应用方法.而在装饰音形成的这一过程当中,以巴赫钢琴作品的艺术价值最为突出.研究巴赫钢琴作品当中装饰音的演奏方法与技巧,对钢琴学习者有很大的帮助.%In the history of western music,Bach had applied grace note in middle Baroque. Before forming a mode,later composers began to expand the application of the grace note. In this process,the value of Bach's work was the highest. To study the playing method and skill of the grace note is helpful to piano learners.

  7. Down-Regulation of miR-129-5p and the let-7 Family in Neuroendocrine Tumors and Metastases Leads to Up-Regulation of Their Targets Egr1, G3bp1, Hmga2 and Bach1

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dossing, Kristina B. V.; Binderup, Tina; Kaczkowski, Bogumil

    2014-01-01

    by miR-129-5p. let-7 overexpression inhibited growth of carcinoid cell lines, and let-7 inhibition increased protein content of the transcription factor BACH1 and its targets MMP1 and HMGA2, all known to promote bone metastases. Immunohistochemistry analysis revealed that let-7 targets are highly...

  8. Repression of the transcription factor Bach2 contributes to predisposition of IgG1 memory B cells toward plasma cell differentiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kometani, Kohei; Nakagawa, Rinako; Shinnakasu, Ryo; Kaji, Tomohiro; Rybouchkin, Andrei; Moriyama, Saya; Furukawa, Koji; Koseki, Haruhiko; Takemori, Toshitada; Kurosaki, Tomohiro

    2013-07-25

    Memory B cells are essential for generating rapid and robust secondary antibody responses. It has been thought that the unique cytoplasmic domain of IgG causes the prompt activation of antigen-experienced IgG memory B cells. To assess this model, we have generated a mouse containing IgG1 B cells that have never encountered antigen. We found that, upon challenge, antigen-experienced IgG1 memory B cells rapidly differentiated into plasma cells, whereas nonexperienced IgG1 B cells did not, suggesting the importance of the stimulation history. In addition, our results suggest that repression of the Bach2 transcription factor, which results from antigen experience, contributes to predisposition of IgG1 memory B cells to differentiate into plasma cells.

  9. 卓越经营创造卓越价值——专访拜耳技术工程(上海)有限公司工艺开发总监Dieter Heisz先生

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张蓉

    2008-01-01

    作势全球最大的化工和医药保健企业之一,拜耳公司拥有众多行业领先的技术工艺。而拜耳技术服务(BTS)作为拜耳旗下的一员,不仅为拜耳旗下化工和医药企业提供技术支持和生产保障,同时也越来越多地为外部企业提供服务。由拜耳技术工程(上海)有限公司(BTES)主办的国际化工和医药行业优秀技术和工程实践年会已经连续举办了三届,主办方希望通过论坛的形式。让更多的企业了解BTS,今年的论坛将于9月在上海举行,届时将会有哪些话题,BTES希望与用户分享哪些创新技术?带着这些问题,近日本刊采访了BTES工艺开发总监Dieter Heisz先生。

  10. The West German Student Movement and Its Afterlife. The Ghosts of ’68 in Rolf Dieter Brinkmann’s »Westwärts 1 & 2: Gedichte«

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kai Werbeck

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Deeply dissatisfied with the student revolution and its ability to challenge Germany’s status quo, the avant-garde poet Rolf Dieter Brinkmann parted ways with the movement after a brief period of mutual sympathy and support. Leaving the political sphere of mass protest behind, he turned his sole attention to the aesthetic realm and sought to ›revive‹ literature after its proclaimed death. This article offers an in-depth re-reading of the titular poems of Brinkmann’s lyrical magnum opus, Westwärts 1 & 2. The article argues that the author rethought the streets as a place where interventions into mediated life could be waged during a post-revolutionary period characterized by political standstill. Reading Westwärts and Westwärts 2 reveals that Brinkmann’s texts vehemently warn against the incorporation of art into the spectacle of mass media and at the same time comment on the ›failure‹ of ’68.

  11. On the hydrology and fluvial sediment transport of the proglacial river Riffler Bach (Weißseeferner, Ötztal Alps, Tyrol)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morche, David; Baewert, Henning; Weber, Martin; Schmidt, Karl-Heinz

    2013-04-01

    The hydrology of proglacial rivers is strongly affected by glacier melting. With ongoing glacier retreat the proportion of glacier meltwater in proglacial rivers is declining over longer time periods. Snow melt or rain fall events will play a more important role as water source. Due to glacial erosion the glacier system is also an important player in the orchestra of sediment sources/processes contributing to proglacial sediment budgets. The consequence of increasing deglaciation is a growing importance of other sediment sources/processes, mainly known as paraglacial, for sediment budgets in glacier forefields. The sediment export out of proglacial areas is mainly done by solid river load. Knowledge on the quantity of the exported sediments is important for reservoir management and torrent control. In order to measure fluvial sediment transport in the catchment area of the Gepatsch reservoir in the Ötztal Alps (Tyrol/Austria) we have installed a gauging station at the proglacial river Riffler Bach in June 2012. The catchment area of this station is about 20 km² with an altitudinal range from 1929 m to 3518 m. The higher altitudes in the southern part of the area are covered by the glacier Weißseeferner. Our station is equipped with an automatic water sampler (AWS 2002) and probes for water level, turbidity and electrical conductivity. All parameters are recorded in 5-15 minute intervals during the ablation period. Discharge is measured with current meters during wadable stages and salt dilution during higher floods. Bed load is measured concurrent to discharge measurements using a Helley-Smith sampler. In 2012, 189 water samples were taken and will be analyzed for suspended sediment concentration and ion content. Additionally, the grain size distribution will be determined using a Malvern laser diffractometer. Rating-curves will be used to calculate discharge from stage recordings. Solid load of the Riffler Bach will be quantified using the discharge data and

  12. Aspectos retóricos da ária Quia respexit humilitatem, do Magnificat em Ré maior de J. S. Bach BWV 243 Rhetorical aspects of the aria Quia respexit humilitatem, from Magnificat in D major by J. S. Bach BWV 243

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabela de Figueiredo Santos

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available A Retórica teve um papel essencial na produção artística do século XVI ao século XVIII ao ditar sistematicamente a estruturação formal e a utilização de elementos figurativos em um discurso para fortalecer sua eloqüência. No caso da música se dá através da estruturação e divisão da música e da utilização de figuras retórico-musicais como, por exemplo, as catabasis (movimento melódico descendente e anaphoras (repetição geral, entre outras. Este artigo pretende analisar alguns elementos da retórica contidos na ária Quia respexit humilitatem, composta por J. S. Bach.Rhetoric had an essential role in artistic production from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century by systematically dictating the formal structure and utilizing figurative elements in discourse to strengthen its eloquence. In the case of music, it occurs through structure and division of the music and the use of rhetorical-musical figures such as catabasis (descending melodic movement or anaphora (general repetition among others. This article aims to analyze some of the rhetorical elements contained in the aria Quia respexit humilitatem, composed by J. S. Bach.

  13. Republication of: New solutions to Einstein's equations of gravitation. B. Explicit determination of static, axially symmetric fields. By Rudolf Bach. With a supplement on the static two-body problem. By H. Weyl.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bach, Rudolf; Weyl, Hermann

    2012-03-01

    This is the English translation of the third of a series of 3 papers by Hermann Weyl (the third one jointly with Rudolf Bach), first published in 1917-1922, in which the authors derived and discussed the now-famous Weyl two-body static axially symmetric vacuum solution of Einstein's equations. The English translations of the other two papers are published alongside this one. The papers have been selected by the Editors of General Relativity and Gravitation for re-publication in the Golden Oldies series of the journal. This republication is accompanied by an editorial note written by Gernot Neugebauer, David Petroff and Bahram Mashhoon, and by a brief biography of R. Bach, written by H. Goenner.

  14. O concerto RV 199 de Antonio Vivaldi: uma transcrição para violão segundo os procedimentos utilizados por J. S. Bach no concerto BWV 973

    OpenAIRE

    Brombilla, Marcelo Cazarotto

    2013-01-01

    A presente pesquisa trata da realização de uma transcrição para violão solo do concerto RV 199 de Antonio Vivaldi, segundo os procedimentos utilizados por J. S. Bach na transcrição do concerto RV 299, que resultou no concerto para cravo BWV 973. Procedeu-se uma análise comparativa do original de Vivaldi RV 299 com a transcrição de Bach BWV 973; estes procedimentos foram aplicados na transcrição para violão solo do concerto RV 199 que foi apresentada em duas maneiras, a saber, uma versão em du...

  15. Stalin Coctail: Schostakowitsch Kammersinfonie Nr. 2 (aus Streichquartett Nr. 3 op. 73). Pärt, Arvo: Collage über das Thema B-A-C-H / Susanne Benda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Benda, Susanne

    1995-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Stalin Coctail: Schostakowitsch Kammersinfonie Nr. 2 (aus Streichquartett Nr. 3 op. 73). Pärt, Arvo: Collage über das Thema B-A-C-H. Cantus in memoriam B. Britten. Denisov Variationen über Haydns Kanon Tod ist ein langer Schlaf. Schtschedrin Stalin Coctail. Moskauer Virtuosen, Vladimir Spivakov. RCA/BMG-Ariola CD 09026 68061 2 (WD: 67'33")

  16. Interpretation of Dieter Rams Design Philosophy from Braun Products%从博朗产品诠释迪特尔·拉姆斯的设计哲学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈岩

    2012-01-01

    According to Dieter Abrams lifetime design method as the research object, it discussed his design philosophy, from Braun electrical products design as the main line, elaborated the product design simple, delicate, perfect and noble, analyzed the design philosophy of how to integrate the rams in Braun products, products and how to serve for the life, for the public service, and served for the function requirements. The rams design created excellent Braun electrical and excellent managementsystem, on this foundation, put forward the design thought of Abrams affect apple and other modem product design application.%以迪特尔·拉姆斯一生的设计方法为研究对象,阐述了他的设计哲学思想,以博朗电器产品的造型设计为主,论述了产品设计的简约、细致、完美与高贵,分析拉姆斯的设计哲学如何融入在博朗的产品中,提出产品又是如何为生活、大众、功能服务的要求。通过拉姆斯的设计思想塑造出优秀的博朗电器以及出色的管理制度,在此基础上,拉姆斯的设计思想又如何影响到苹果等现代产品设计的应用。

  17. Brief Report: Identification of BACH2 and RAD51B as Rheumatoid Arthritis Susceptibility Loci in a Meta-Analysis of Genome-Wide Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAllister, Kate; Yarwood, Annie; Bowes, John; Orozco, Gisela; Viatte, Sebastian; Diogo, Dorothée; Hocking, Lynne J; Steer, Sophia; Wordsworth, Paul; Wilson, A G; Morgan, Ann W; Kremer, Joel M; Pappas, Dimitrios; Gregersen, Peter; Klareskog, Lars; Plenge, Robert; Barton, Anne; Greenberg, Jeffrey; Worthington, Jane; Eyre, Stephen

    2013-01-01

    Objective A recent high-density fine-mapping (ImmunoChip) study of genetic associations in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) identified 14 risk loci with validated genome-wide significance, as well as a number of loci showing associations suggestive of significance (P = 5 × 10−5 < 5 × 10−8), but these have yet to be replicated. The aim of this study was to determine whether these potentially significant loci are involved in the pathogenesis of RA, and to explore whether any of the loci are associated with a specific RA serotype. Methods A total of 16 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were selected for genotyping and association analyses in 2 independent validation cohorts, comprising 6,106 RA cases and 4,290 controls. A meta-analysis of the data from the original ImmunoChip discovery cohort and from both validation cohorts was carried out, for a combined total of 17,581 RA cases and 20,160 controls. In addition, stratified analysis of patient subsets, defined according to their anti–cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibody status, was performed. Results A significant association with RA risk (P < 0.05) was replicated for 6 of the SNPs assessed in the validation cohorts. All SNPs in the validation study had odds ratios (ORs) for RA susceptibility in the same direction as those in the ImmunoChip discovery study. One SNP, rs72928038, mapping to an intron of BACH2, achieved genome-wide significance in the meta-analysis (P = 1.2 × 10−8, OR 1.12), and a second SNP, rs911263, mapping to an intron of RAD51B, was significantly associated in the anti-CCP–positive RA subgroup (P = 4 × 10−8, OR 0.89), confirming that both are RA susceptibility loci. Conclusion This study provides robust evidence for an association of RA susceptibility with genes involved in B cell differentiation (BACH2) and DNA repair (RAD51B). The finding that the RAD51B gene exhibited different associations based on serologic subtype adds to the expanding knowledge base in defining

  18. Establishment of Rapid Propagation System for Disporopsis aspera (Hua) Engl.ex Krause by Tissue Culture%散斑竹根七的组织培养与快速繁殖体系的建立

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋天仪; 唐敏; 阳淑; 王波; 石大兴

    2015-01-01

    以散斑竹根七[Disporopsis aspera (Hua) Engl.ex Krause]的嫩茎段作为外植体,研究了其组织培养和快速繁殖体系.结果表明,外植体预处理后,经过75%的乙醇消毒20 s,再用0.1% HgCl2处理6 min的灭菌效果最好,启动率达到78.40%,污染率仅为23.75%.初代培养最适宜的培养基是MS+ 6-BA 1.0mg/L+2,4-D 0.01 mg/L+NAA 0.1 mg/L+IAA 1.0 mg/L;MS+ 6-BA 0.5 mg/L+KT 1.5 mg/L +NAA 0.2 mg/L+IBA 1.0 mg/L适用于继代增殖培养,丛生芽的增殖系数达到6.10;适宜生根的培养基为NAA 1.0 mg/L+I-BA 0.5 mg/L+1/2MS,生根率达到96.13%.

  19. Interpretation of the "Deciphering":An Offbeat Preface to Zhao Xiaoshengs Deciphering BACH ("jiemi" de "jiedu":lingyizhong xu-wei Zhao Xiaosheng《BACH jiemi 》erzuo)%"解密"的"解读":另一种序——为赵晓生《BACH解密》而作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洛秦

    2008-01-01

    @@ 题解 "解密"无疑是赵晓生先生的大作①的略写.但是,为何"解密"需要引号?进而"解读"也加上引号? "BACH"解密有两层意思,一是对巴赫音乐的解密,另一是对"B A C H"结构的解密.然而,历史文献显示,巴赫本人没有对其音乐做过诠释,不像勋伯格那样有自己十二音体系的理论,以及赵晓生先生创建"太极作曲"的思想.

  20. A Structured Group Program for Repeat Dieters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNamara, Kathleen

    1989-01-01

    Describes a structured group program for women who repeatedly diet and may be at risk of developing more serious eating disorders. Discusses sessions focusing on eating behavior as well as internal factors that contribute to low body esteem and food and weight preoccupation. Evaluates effectiveness of program by self-reports of members of two…

  1. A novel CXCR3-B chemokine receptor-induced growth-inhibitory signal in cancer cells is mediated through the regulation of Bach-1 protein and Nrf2 protein nuclear translocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balan, Murugabaskar; Pal, Soumitro

    2014-02-07

    Chemokines and their receptors play diverse roles in regulating cancer growth and progression. The receptor CXCR3 can have two splice variants with opposite functions. CXCR3-A promotes cell growth, whereas CXCR3-B mediates growth-inhibitory signals. However, the negative signals through CXCR3-B in cancer cells are not well characterized. In this study, we found that CXCR3-B-mediated signaling in MCF-7 and T47D breast cancer cells induced apoptotic cell death. Signals through CXCR3-B decreased the levels of the antiapoptotic proteins Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL and increased the expression of apoptotic cleaved poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase. Along with up-regulation in apoptosis, CXCR3-B signals were associated with a decrease in cellular autophagy with reduced levels of the autophagic markers Beclin-1 and LC3B. Notably, CXCR3-B down-regulated the expression of the cytoprotective and antiapoptotic molecule heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) at the transcriptional level. There was an increased nuclear localization of Bach-1 and nuclear export of Nrf2, which are important negative and positive transcription factors, respectively, for HO-1 expression. We also observed that CXCR3-B promoted the activation of p38 MAPK and the inhibition of ERK-1/2. CXCR3-B could not induce cancer cell apoptosis at the optimal level when we either inhibited p38 activity or knocked down Bach-1. Further, CXCR3-B-induced apoptosis was down-regulated when we overexpressed HO-1. Together, our data suggest that CXCR3-B mediates a growth-inhibitory signal in breast cancer cells through the modulations of nuclear translocation of Bach-1 and Nrf2 and down-regulation of HO-1. We suggest that the induction of CXCR3-B-mediated signaling can serve as a novel therapeutic approach where the goal is to promote tumor cell apoptosis.

  2. Use of procalcitonin for the diagnosis of pneumonia in patients presenting with a chief complaint of dyspnoea: results from the BACH (Biomarkers in Acute Heart Failure) trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maisel, Alan; Neath, Sean-Xavier; Landsberg, Judd; Mueller, Christian; Nowak, Richard M.; Peacock, W. Frank; Ponikowski, Piotr; Möckel, Martin; Hogan, Christopher; Wu, Alan H.B.; Richards, Mark; Clopton, Paul; Filippatos, Gerasimos S.; Di Somma, Salvatore; Anand, Inder; Ng, Leong L.; Daniels, Lori B.; Christenson, Robert H.; Potocki, Mihael; McCord, James; Terracciano, Garret; Hartmann, Oliver; Bergmann, Andreas; Morgenthaler, Nils G.; Anker, Stefan D.

    2012-01-01

    Aims Biomarkers have proven their ability in the evaluation of cardiopulmonary diseases. We investigated the utility of concentrations of the biomarker procalcitonin (PCT) alone and with clinical variables for the diagnosis of pneumonia in patients presenting to emergency departments (EDs) with a chief complaint of shortness of breath. Methods and results The BACH trial was a prospective, international, study of 1641 patients presenting to EDs with dyspnoea. Blood samples were analysed for PCT and other biomarkers. Relevant clinical data were also captured. Patient outcomes were assessed at 90 days. The diagnosis of pneumonia was made using strictly validated guidelines. A model using PCT was more accurate [area under the curve (AUC) 72.3%] than any other individual clinical variable for the diagnosis of pneumonia in all patients, in those with obstructive lung disease, and in those with acute heart failure (AHF). Combining physician estimates of the probability of pneumonia with PCT values increased the accuracy to >86% for the diagnosis of pneumonia in all patients. Patients with a diagnosis of AHF and an elevated PCT concentration (>0.21 ng/mL) had a worse outcome if not treated with antibiotics (P = 0.046), while patients with low PCT values (<0.05 ng/mL) had a better outcome if they did not receive antibiotic therapy (P = 0.049). Conclusion Procalcitonin may aid in the diagnosis of pneumonia, particularly in cases with high diagnostic uncertainty. Importantly, PCT may aid in the decision to administer antibiotic therapy to patients presenting with AHF in which clinical uncertainty exists regarding a superimposed bacterial infection. Trial registration: NCT00537628 PMID:22302662

  3. Immunohistochemical study of the Nrf2 pathway in colorectal cancer: Nrf2 expression is closely correlated to Keap1 in the tumor and Bach1 in the normal tissue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Liang-Che; Fan, Chung-Wei; Tseng, Wen-Ko; Chen, Jim-Ray; Chein, Hui-Ping; Hwang, Cheng-Cheng; Hua, Chung-Ching

    2013-12-01

    Oxidative stress is a contributing factor in the carcinogenesis of colorectal cancer. The Nrf2 [nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2; NFE2L2] pathway is one of the major cellular defense mechanisms against oxidative stress. This study investigated the expression of the Nrf2 pathway in colorectal cancer. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue arrays consisting of the tumor, adjacent normal, and distant normal tissues from the resected specimens of 83 colorectal cancer patients were subjected to immunohistochemical (IHC) staining with antibodies against Nrf2, kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1), p21, P62, Parkinson protein 7 (Park7), prohibitin, BTB and CNC homology 1 (Bach1), CD34 and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG). The mean IHC density of each IHC staining was digitally analyzed. The results showed that molecules of the Nrf2 pathway were actively expressed, with different expression profiles among the tumor and normal tissues. The oxidative stress, represented by the mean IHC staining density of 8-OHdG, did not differ but was correlated with the expressions of different Nrf2 pathway molecules to a varied extent in tumor and normal tissues of colorectal cancer. Keap1 [estimate, 0.49; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.19-0.79] and Bach1 (estimate, 0.24; 95% CI, 0.11-0.38) were significant predictors for the expression of 8-OHdG and had the closest proximity to Nrf2 in the cluster dendrogram of the tumor and distant normal tissues, respectively. Advanced stage (estimate, 14.9; 95% CI, 2.99-26.8) and current smoker (estimate, 15.6; 95% CI, 1.92-29.3) were significant predictors with high estimates for Bach1 in the adjacent and distant normal tissues, respectively. In colorectal cancer, the molecules of the Nrf2 pathway have different expression profiles and a difference in their importance, especially Keap1 and Bach1, related to Nrf2 and oxidative stress among tumor and normal tissues.

  4. Avaliação dos efeitos centrais dos florais de Bach em camundongos através de modelos farmacológicos específicos Evaluation of central effects of Bach Flowers Remedies in mice using specific pharmacological models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia M. De-Souza

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Os Remédios Florais de Bach (RFB, constituem um método alternativo de tratamento usado largamente na terapêutica de várias patologias em muitos países do mundo. Os RFB são reconhecidos como tratamento natural pela OMS desde 1956. Embora o mecanismo de ação dos RFB ainda não tenha sido elucidado, eles vêm sendo indicados para o tratamento de várias doenças neuropsiquiátricas. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi detectar possíveis efeitos centrais dos RFB em modelos farmacológicos utilizados na pesquisa de substâncias com efeitos ansiolíticos, hipnóticos, antidepressivos e neurolépticos. Para tanto, camundongos receberam um tratamento agudo via oral (0,45 mL 1 hora antes dos testes. Os resultados mostraram que os florais Gorse e, em conjunto, White chestnut, Agrymony e Vervain exibiram perfis antidepressivo e hipnótico, respectivamente. No modelo de ansiedade foi detectado efeito ansiolítico do floral Agrymony. Entretanto, não foram observados efeitos neurolépticos do floral Clematis. Os resultados nos levam a sugerir que os efeitos centrais dos florais avaliados podem ser parcialmente detectados através de modelos farmacológicos utilizados na pesquisa de agentes psicotrópicos.The Bach Flowers Remedies (BFR's are worldwide used as an alternative therapeutical approach for several pathologies, being considered by WHO as natural therapy since 1956. Despite the unknown mechanism of action, the BFR's have been widely used on treatment of several neuropsychiatry diseases. Based on pharmacological models used to detect ansiolitic, antidepressant, hypnotic and neuroleptyc effects of different substances, the aim of this work was to evaluate possible central effects of the BFR's. For this purpose, albino mice received BFR's treatment (0.45 mL by oral route 1 hour prior to each test. The results revealed that the Gorse flower alone and a mix of White chestnut, Agrymony and Vervain showed antidepressant and hypnotic effects

  5. Effect of systematic dieteric therapy on nutrition status of elderly patients with depression%系统饮食治疗对老年抑郁症患者营养状况的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张冬红; 崔萍

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨系统饮食治疗计划用于老年抑郁症患者的有效性. 方法 将87例老年抑郁症患者按入院时间分为观察组(47例)和对照组(40例).对照组入院后按一般护理常规,由护士给家属及患者讲解饮食治疗的重要性,指导家属自行为患者提供饮食.观察组按系统饮食治疗计划进行,患者入院后评价患者营养状况;其能量供给量按年龄、性别、体质量、营养状况等确定,将患者所需要的热量按平衡膳食的原则,换算成具体的食物;患者的饮食统一由营养师开具饮食处方,统一由营养科专人制作. 结果 干预后6周两组患者各项营养指标、临床治疗效果、药物不良反应比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05,P<0.01). 结论 老年抑郁症患者经过系统的饮食治疗,可以改善患者机体的营养状况,提高临床治疗效果,减轻药物不良反应,有利于患者早期康复.%Objective To explore the effect of systematic dietetic therapy on the elderly patients with depression.Methods Totally, 87 elderly patients with depression were divided an observation group (n=47) and a control group(n=40) according to the admission dates.The patients in the control group were given nursing routines after admission.Nurses explained the importance of dietetic therapy to the patiens and their family members and guided them to take food themselves.The systematic dieteric plan were practised to patients in the observation group: nutritional assessment methods were used to evaluate the nutritional states of the patients, then the quantity of energy supply was calculated in light of age, gender, body weight and nutritional status, etc; according to the rule of equilibrium nutrition, the quantity of energy supply patients required was converted to specific foods.The foods were prescribed by dietitians and made by a designated staffmember of nutrition department.Results There were statistical significances in the nutritional

  6. Analysis of "Father of Music " Bach "s Art Feature%“音乐之父”巴赫艺术特征浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张旭静

    2012-01-01

    德国最伟大的作曲家之一约翰.赛巴斯蒂安.巴赫,他的音乐作品对欧洲近代音乐的发展产生了极其深远的影响,为全人类音乐的进步和发展做出了巨大贡献,为世界古典音乐树立了一座丰碑,因此,把巴赫称为"西方音乐之父",是后人对巴赫的最好评价。%Germany, one of the greatest composers John Sebastian Bach, his music had a profound effect on the development of modern European music.He made a great contribution to the progress and development of all mankind music, and established a monument to the world of classical music. Therefore, Bach is the best evaluation of the descendants, referred to as "the father of Western music" .

  7. Inter- and intra-annual variability of fluvial sediment transport in the proglacial river Riffler Bach (Weißseeferner, Ötztal Alps, Tyrol)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baewert, Henning; Weber, Martin; Morche, David

    2015-04-01

    The hydrology of a proglacial river is strongly affected by glacier melting. Due to glacier retreat the effects of snow melt and rain storms will become more important in future decades. Additionally, the development of periglacial landscapes will play a more important role in the hydrology of proglacial rivers. The importance of paraglacial sediment sources in sediment budgets of glacier forefields is increasing, while the role of glacial erosion is declining. In two consecutive ablation seasons the fluvial sediment transport of the river Riffler Bach in the Kaunertal (Tyrol/Austria) was quantified. The catchment area of this station is 20 km² with an altitudinal range from 1929 m to 3518 m above msl. The "Weißseeferner" glacier (2.34 km² in 2012) is the greatest of the remaining glaciers. An automatic water sampler (AWS 2002) and a probe for water level were installed were installed at the outlet of the catchment. In order to calculate annual stage-discharge-relations, discharge (Q) was repeatedly measured with current meters. Concurrent to the discharge measurements bed load was collected using a portable Helley-Smith sampler. Bed load (BL) samples were weighted and sieved in the laboratory to gain annual bed load rating curves and grain size distributions. In 2012, 154 water samples were sampled during 7 periods and subsequently filtered to quantify suspended sediment concentrations (SSC). A Q-SSC-relation was calculated for every period due to the high variability in suspended sediment transport. In addition, the grain size distribution of the filtered material was determined by laser diffraction analysis. In 2013, the same procedure was performed for 232 water samples which were collected during 9 periods. Meteorological data were logged at the climate station "Weißsee", which is located in the centre of the study area. First results show a high variability of discharge and solid sediment transport both at the inter-annual as well as at the intra

  8. Zone Denmark - gasell Taanist / Reet Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krause, Reet, 1967-

    2006-01-01

    Taanis Viborgis asuva firma Zone Company Denmark, kaubamärgi Zone Denmark ja firma disainerite tutvustus. Ettevõte valmistab disainitooteid roostevabast terasest, klaasist, puidust, kummist jm. Disainer Naja Utzon Popov endast, oma loomingust

  9. Zone Denmark - gasell Taanist / Reet Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krause, Reet, 1967-

    2006-01-01

    Taanis Viborgis asuva firma Zone Company Denmark, kaubamärgi Zone Denmark ja firma disainerite tutvustus. Ettevõte valmistab disainitooteid roostevabast terasest, klaasist, puidust, kummist jm. Disainer Naja Utzon Popov endast, oma loomingust

  10. Sotsiaalmajandus ja sotsiaalettevõtlus / Leonora Kraus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kraus, Leonora

    2007-01-01

    EQUAL programmist ja HAPECO projektist, mis toetavad sotsiaalmajanduse ja sotsiaalettevõtluse arendamist Euroopa Liidus. Vt. samas: Annely T. Kattel. President tunnustas sotsiaalettevõtlust. Hiiumaa visiidi käigus külastas president T. H. Ilves MTÜ SIPEKO tegevustuba

  11. Krause mantlipärijad? / Tiit Sild

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sild, Tiit, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Tartu Rebase tänava arhitektuurikonkursist, kutsutud oli 6 arhitektuuribürood. Lähemalt võidutööst "The River Goes Wide" (autorid austria arhitektid Thomas Pucher, Alfred Bramberger, Heidrun Steinhauser, Martin Mathy, Christa Pucher, Georg Auinger, insenerid Peter Mandl, Günther Rucher)

  12. Krause mantlipärijad? / Tiit Sild

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sild, Tiit, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Tartu Rebase tänava arhitektuurikonkursist, kutsutud oli 6 arhitektuuribürood. Lähemalt võidutööst "The River Goes Wide" (autorid austria arhitektid Thomas Pucher, Alfred Bramberger, Heidrun Steinhauser, Martin Mathy, Christa Pucher, Georg Auinger, insenerid Peter Mandl, Günther Rucher)

  13. Sotsiaalmajandus ja sotsiaalettevõtlus / Leonora Kraus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kraus, Leonora

    2007-01-01

    EQUAL programmist ja HAPECO projektist, mis toetavad sotsiaalmajanduse ja sotsiaalettevõtluse arendamist Euroopa Liidus. Vt. samas: Annely T. Kattel. President tunnustas sotsiaalettevõtlust. Hiiumaa visiidi käigus külastas president T. H. Ilves MTÜ SIPEKO tegevustuba

  14. "Bach" Uncoded%《BACH 解密》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵晓生

    2008-01-01

    @@ 前言 一书是专著--巴赫的总结与衍生.篇幅浩瀚逾150万字之巨的上述对巴赫的专论对这部历来被奉为"音乐圣经--旧约"的原作中每一首前奏及赋格从每个细节到结构整体都做到精密十分详尽的分析.在研究的过程中,作者同时深入地感受并发现了隐藏在巴赫音乐内部的潜在秘密.这些"秘密"有些是前人已有所发现而被作者进一步研究所延伸;有些则是作者所独立新发现的.

  15. 巴赫型音乐对波普尔“客观知识”学说的影响%The Influence of Bach-Type Music on Popper's Thought of Objective Knowledge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何超

    2012-01-01

    摘耍:波普尔的“客客观知识”在其客观性属性上,类似于超脱贝多芬的自我性、体现客观美感的巴赫型音乐。巴赫音乐音符与音符之间具有严谨又不失美感的客观秩序、不能被理性所摒弃的严密的数的逻辑构架,其客观性诉求与波普尔寻求超脱于主观、从而能够在客观形式中达到统一的知识类型——“客观知识”学说建构之间,存在发生学关联,直接导致波普尔对世界2与世界3的医分。巴赫型音乐对于波普尔科学哲学的深刻影响,为音乐与科学、哲学之间的彼此通约,提供了典型的个案。关键词:波普尔;巴赫型音乐;贝多芬;客观知识;世界3%The objective style of Bach type music enlightens in depth the thought of "objective knowledge" proposed by Karl Popper. Beethoven's music gives expression to "subjective" appeal, while Bach-type music, "subjective" soberness and reason in style. Karl Popper's "objective knowledge" is based on the partition of three worlds. As "world 3", it is characterized by objectivity, autonomy, shareability, etc. The isostructuralism and coherence in style between "objective knowledge" and Bach- type music provide an illustrative case for the commensuration of art and philosophy in certain sense through the reflective han- dling by Karl Popper.

  16. Om guldbiller, Bach og basepar

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mogensen, T.E.

    2003-01-01

    I sin stærkt encyklopædiske roman The Gold Bug Variations søger den amerikanske forfatter Richard Powers gennem utallige detaljer, synekdoker og intrikate forbindelser at inddrage al verden og radikalt udvide romanens rum. Men romanen er også, eller især, en fortælling om kærlighed....

  17. Om guldbiller, Bach og basepar

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mogensen, T.E.

    2003-01-01

    I sin stærkt encyklopædiske roman The Gold Bug Variations søger den amerikanske forfatter Richard Powers gennem utallige detaljer, synekdoker og intrikate forbindelser at inddrage al verden og radikalt udvide romanens rum. Men romanen er også, eller især, en fortælling om kærlighed....

  18. Characterization of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)-induced heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression in human cancer cells: the importance of enhanced BTB and CNC homology 1 (Bach1) degradation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Shuai; Hannafon, Bethany N; Wolf, Roman F; Zhou, Jundong; Avery, Jori E; Wu, Jinchang; Lind, Stuart E; Ding, Wei-Qun

    2014-05-01

    The effect of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression in cancer cells has never been characterized. This study examines DHA-induced HO-1 expression in human cancer cell model systems. DHA enhanced HO-1 gene expression in a time- and concentration-dependent manner, with maximal induction at 21 h of treatment. This induction of HO-1 expression was confirmed in vivo using a xenograft nude mouse model fed a fish-oil-enriched diet. The increase in HO-1 gene transcription induced by DHA was significantly attenuated by the antioxidant N-acetyl cysteine, suggesting the involvement of oxidative stress. This was supported by direct measurement of lipid peroxide levels after DHA treatment. Using a human HO-1 gene promoter reporter construct, we identified two antioxidant response elements (AREs) that mediate the DHA-induced increase in HO-1 gene transcription. Knockdown of nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2) expression compromised the DHA-induced increase in HO-1 gene transcription, indicating the importance of the Nrf2 pathway in this event. However, the nuclear protein levels of Nrf2 remained unchanged upon DHA treatment. Further studies demonstrated that DHA reduces nuclear Bach1 protein expression by promoting its degradation and attenuates Bach1 binding to the AREs in the HO-1 gene promoter. In contrast, DHA enhanced Nrf2 binding to the AREs without affecting nuclear Nrf2 expression levels, indicating a new cellular mechanism that mediates DHA's induction of HO-1 gene transcription. To our knowledge, this is the first characterization of DHA-induced HO-1 expression in human malignant cells.

  19. Dieter Messner, los manuals de Espanol impresos en Viena en el siglo XVII. Edición facsimil y comentario, vol. 1-11, Institut für Romanistik der Universität Salzburg, Biblioteca hispano-lusa, Salzburg 2000, pág. LX + 856.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitja Skubic

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available El estimado cultivador de los problemas lingüísticos y filológicos iberorromances prof. Dieter Messner de la Universitad de Salzburgo, hispanista y lusitanista, ha enriquecido nuestro conocimiento de los contactos en el campo de la enseñanza de las lenguas alemana y española y, más ampliamente, de la esfera cultural en Austria en lo que atañe el español: la reimpresión de los manuales de español impresos en Viena en el siglo diecisiete es preciosa por varios aspectos. Primero, sin duda, el comprobar el interés en aquel entonces, quizás necesidad, de aprender las respectivas lenguas. En el primer manual Grammatica y Pronunciacion Alemana y Española. Espanola y Alemana de luan Angel de Zumaran se lee como subtítulo "Compuesta en beneficio de estas dos Naciones, que quieren aprender una destas lenguas". El libro apareció en Viena en el año 1634. El autor no era nuevo in rebus lexicograficis: en el 1626 apareció su Thesaurus linguarum. In quo facilis via Hispanicam Gal­ licam ltalicam attingendo etiam per Latinam & Germanicam sternitur. A Ioanne Angelo a Sumaran, nobili cantabro.

  20. Gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) response to three music stimuli (Mozart--"Eine Kleine Nachtmusik," Anonymous--"Romanza," Bach--"Violin Concerto No. 1") and white noise under recirculating water conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papoutsoglou, Sofronios E; Karakatsouli, Nafsika; Psarrou, Anna; Apostolidou, Sofia; Papoutsoglou, Eustratios S; Batzina, Alkisti; Leondaritis, Georgios; Sakellaridis, N

    2015-02-01

    This study presents the results of the response of Sparus aurata to three different musical stimuli, derived from the transmission (4 h per day, 5 days per week) of particular music pieces by Mozart, Romanza and Bach (140 dB(rms) re 1 μPa), compared to the same transmission level of white noise, while the underwater ambient noise in all the experimental tanks was 121 dB(rms) re 1 μPa. Using recirculating sea water facilities, 10 groups, 2 for each treatment, of 20 specimens of 11.2 ± 0.02 g (S.E.), were reared for 94 days, under 150 ± 10 l× 12L-12D, and were fed an artificial diet three times per day. Fish body weight showed significant differences after 55 days, while its maximum level was observed after the 69th day until the end of the experiment, the highest value demonstrated in Mozart (M) groups, followed by those of Romanza (R), Bach (B), control (C) and white noise (WN). SGR (M = B), %WG (M = B) and FCR (all groups fed same % b.w.) were also improved for M group. Brain neurotransmitters results exhibited significant differences in DA-dopamine, (M > B), 5HIAA (C > B), 5HIAA:5HT (WN > R), DOPAC (M > B), DOPAC:DA and (DOPAC + HVA):DA, (C > M), while no significant differences were observed in 5HT, NA, HVA and HVA:DA. No differences were observed in biometric measurements, protease activity, % fatty acids of fillet, visceral fat and liver, while differences were observed regarding carbohydrase activity and the amount (mg/g w.w.) of some fatty acids in liver, fillet and visceral fat. In conclusion, present results confirm those reported for S. aurata, concerning the observed relaxing influence--due to its brain neurotransmitters action--of the transmission of Mozart music (compared to R and B), which resulted in the achievement of maximum growth rate, body weight and improved FCR. This conclusion definitely supports the musical "understanding" and sensitivity of S. aurata to music stimuli as well as suggesting a specific effect of white noise.

  1. Construction of a micro-hydro power plant upon Reinstadt Creek at Kahla/Thuringen - Pilot project. Final report; Bau einer Kleinstwasserkraftanlage am Reinstaedter Bach bei Kahla/Thueringen - Demonstrationsvorhaben. Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pilling, A.

    2003-12-01

    Historically, Reinstadt has been the site of 8 watermills, which is a sure sign of a useable hydropower potential. The project comprises the following tasks: Construction of a hydropower plant to demonstrate the economic efficiency of hydropower development even on a micro scale; Use of the plant as a demonstration plant, especially in the German state of Thuringia; Investment of the reimbursement for grid power supply for sustainable regional projects. The project has been in planning for several years and is to enhance the use of renewable energy sources. (orig.) [German] Historisch sind im Reinstaedter Grund 8 Wassermuehlenstandorte nachweisbar aber nicht mehr funktionstuechtig. Diese Aussage ist ein Hinweis darauf, dass lokal ein gewisses nutzbares Wasserkraftpotenzial zur Verfuegung steht. Ziel des Projektes 'Bau und Betrieb einer Kleinstwasserkraftanlage am Reinstaedter Bach bei Bibra' ist es: a) fuer die dezentrale Erschliessung auch von kleinsten Wasserkraftpotenzialen vor allem im Bundesland Thueringen am Beispiel zu werben; b) die Kleinstwasserkraftanlage fuer Bildungsprojekte zu nutzen; c) die erzielten Gewinne aus dem Stromverkauf fuer die Umwelt schonende, nachhaltige und eigenstaendige Entwicklung der Region zu verwenden. Das Vorhaben wurde seit mehreren Jahren geplant und entstand mit dem Hintergrund, einen Beitrag fuer das satzungsgemaesse Ziel des Vereins - Foerderung von erneuerbaren Energien - zu leisten. (orig.)

  2. Down-Regulation of miR-129-5p and the let-7 Family in Neuroendocrine Tumors and Metastases Leads to Up-Regulation of Their Targets Egr1, G3bp1, Hmga2 and Bach1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristina B. V. Døssing

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Expression of miRNAs in Neuroendocrine Neoplasms (NEN is poorly characterized. We therefore wanted to examine the miRNA expression in Neuroendocrine Tumors (NETs, and identify their targets and importance in NET carcinogenesis. miRNA expression in six NEN primary tumors, six NEN metastases and four normal intestinal tissues was characterized using miRNA arrays, and validated by in-situ hybridization and qPCR. Among the down-regulated miRNAs miR-129-5p and the let-7f/let-7 family, were selected for further characterization. Transfection of miR-129-5p inhibited growth of a pulmonary and an intestinal carcinoid cell line. Analysis of mRNA expression changes identified EGR1 and G3BP1 as miR-129-5p targets. They were validated by luciferase assay and western blotting, and found robustly expressed in NETs by immunohistochemistry. Knockdown of EGR1 and G3BP1 mimicked the growth inhibition induced by miR-129-5p. let-7 overexpression inhibited growth of carcinoid cell lines, and let-7 inhibition increased protein content of the transcription factor BACH1 and its targets MMP1 and HMGA2, all known to promote bone metastases. Immunohistochemistry analysis revealed that let-7 targets are highly expressed in NETs and metastases. We found down-regulation of miR-129-5p and the let-7 family, and identified new neuroendocrine specific targets for these miRNAs, which contributes to the growth and metastatic potential of these tumors.

  3. Dieter Kiessling. Closed-Circuit Video 1982 – 2000

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kacunko, Slavko

    2001-01-01

    to demonstrate to us viewers the ‘idiosyncratic world of the world of apparatus’ (‘Eigenwelt der Apparate-Welt’ – the motto at the ‘Ars Electronica’ show in 1992) – without losing sight of the circumstances that allow them to come to be in the first place. For Volker Riegas, there is "no reason at all to favour...

  4. Contribución al conocimiento sobre la Taxonomía, distribución geográfica y ecología de la Tortuga "Bache" (Chelydra Serpentina Acutirostris Contribución al conocimiento sobre la Taxonomía, distribución geográfica y ecología de la Tortuga "Bache" (Chelydra Serpentina Acutirostris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Medem Federico

    1977-12-01

    (Carr, op. cit., an overlapping zone possibly exists somewhere in Nicaragua or Costa Rica.22. In Colombia, acutirostris -locally known as "la bache"- is to be found within the following areas:a Along the Pacific coast between Bahía de Solano (Chocó] and Río Mataje (Nariño which latter forms the border with Ecuador.b In the Cauca Valley proper (Cauca and Valle.c In the region of Armenia (Quindío into which it evidently migrated from the Cauca Valley. Its migration into the Magdalena River System is blocked either by the Cañón del Cauca, a gorge situated between the Cordillera Occidental and Central, or by the western slopes of the Quindío Mountains which belong to the Cordillera Central.d On the Atlantic sector of the Chocó, between Caño Negro, Río Tanela, lower Río Atrato and its tributary, Río Truandó, as well as Río Nercua, an affluent of the latter. Its presence on the middle and upper reaches of the Atrato is not proved but can be suspected.e On the upper Rio Sinú (Córdoba, between Caño Juí in the vicinity of the village Tierralta and Río Manso, the uppermost tributary of the Sinú.23. No studies exist about its presence between the eastern shore of the Gulf of Urabá or Darién and Rio Sinú, but certainly it once migrated from the Chocó into the latter.24. The center of evolution of the genus Chelydra apparently was situated in the United States, from where the migration took place during the Terciary. Fossils are known from the Pleistocene of the United States (Carr, op. cit., but no fossil material was described from Colombia until now.25. Many more studies, carried out with large series of adults of both sexes, juveniles, and especially with living specimens, are badly needed in order to clarify the still remaining problems concerning the taxonomy, ecology and geographical distribution of acutirostris and rossignonii.1º Se presenta un estudio sobre Chelydra serpentina acutirostris, dando énfasis a las características morfol

  5. Bach and Rock in the Music Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ponick, F. S.

    2000-01-01

    Focuses on the use of popular music in music education, addressing issues such as defining popular music, approaches for using popular music in the classroom, and whether the National Standards for Music Education can be attained using popular music. Lists resources for teaching popular music. (CMK)

  6. Bach and Rock in the Music Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ponick, F. S.

    2000-01-01

    Focuses on the use of popular music in music education, addressing issues such as defining popular music, approaches for using popular music in the classroom, and whether the National Standards for Music Education can be attained using popular music. Lists resources for teaching popular music. (CMK)

  7. La herencia pedagógica de Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (1714-1788) : Los Probe-Stücke (1753) y Sechs neue Clavier-Stücke (1787) desde la perspectiva del Versuch über die wahre Art das Clavier zu spielen (1753, 1762)

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Marín, Eva

    2016-01-01

    Este estudio aborda la faceta pedagógica de Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach. Se estructura en tres bloques: una contextualización histórico-biográfica del autor, una versión crítica de su obra pedagógica Versuch über die wahre Art das Clavier zu spielen, en sus dos partes y el análisis de las piezas didácticas que acompañaron al Versuch en la primera y tercera edición a la primera parte, los Probe-Stücke de 1753 y los Sechs neue Clavier-Stücke de 1787. El propósito inicial era determinar la tras...

  8. Changes in the Cultural Development of Music:Taking Bach's Equal Temperament and Paul Hindemith's Tone of the Game as an Example%论音乐文化的发展变迁——以巴赫《十二平均律》、保罗·兴德米特《调性游戏》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹丽

    2011-01-01

    Music is part of culture and cultural development is inseparable from the music, this article on Bach's Equal Temperament and Paul Hindemith's Tone of the Game two works of different periods and analog music composers to explore the culture and the intrinsic link between music and music culture, the driving force behind the development of interpretation.%音乐是文化的一部分,文化的发展离不开音乐的发展,本文通过对巴赫的《十二平均律》和保罗·兴德米特《《调性游戏》》两部不同时期不同作曲家音乐作品的类比,探究文化和音乐之间的内在联系和音乐文化发展演绎的原动力.

  9. Naised töömaailmas / Leonora Kraus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kraus, Leonora

    2007-01-01

    Saaremaa naiste ümarlaual käsitleti küsimust, kuidas tuua naisi tööturule. Vt. samas ka: Vilma Rauniste. Naiste tööhõivet saab parandada koolituste ja nõustamise kaudu. Artikkel käsitleb Tööturuameti juhi Kaie Lepa ettekannet tööturumeetmete mõjust naiste tööhõivele ja võrdsele kohtlemisele tööturul

  10. Naised töömaailmas / Leonora Kraus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kraus, Leonora

    2007-01-01

    Saaremaa naiste ümarlaual käsitleti küsimust, kuidas tuua naisi tööturule. Vt. samas ka: Vilma Rauniste. Naiste tööhõivet saab parandada koolituste ja nõustamise kaudu. Artikkel käsitleb Tööturuameti juhi Kaie Lepa ettekannet tööturumeetmete mõjust naiste tööhõivele ja võrdsele kohtlemisele tööturul

  11. Weight-related attitudes and behaviors of women who diet to lose weight: a comparison of black dieters and white dieters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Striegel-Moore, R H; Wilfley, D E; Caldwell, M B; Needham, M L; Brownell, K D

    1996-03-01

    Obesity is a significant health problem among black women in the United States. Black women are two to three times more likely than white women to be obese. The present study sought to examine race difference in attitudes and beliefs about dieting, motivations underlying dieting efforts, and actual dieting strategies and behaviors. To achieve this aim, a subset of female survey respondents (n = 324) was drawn from a pool of more than 20,000 subscribers to Consumer Reports. All survey respondents had made at least one dieting effort within 3 years of the time of the study. For this study, we used all black female respondents (n = 162) and a matched sample (i.e., matched on age, educational attainment, and personal income) of white women (n = 162). Black women did weigh significantly more than Caucasian women, therefore, BMI was used as a covariate in all subsequent analyses. Black and white women were significantly different in a number of domains. Compared to white women, black women experienced less social pressure about their weight, initiated dieting later in life, and were significantly less likely to diet at each developmental milestone. However, the two groups of women did not differ in reasons for undertaking their most recent dieting efforts, or in the types of weight loss strategies they had employed. Nor were there differences between the black and white women in methods for coping responses with dietary relapse or in rates of disordered eating. These findings are discussed in terms of their implications for both treatment and prevention of obesity in black women.

  12. Surprised by Bird, Bard, and Bach: Language, Silence, and Transcendence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suhor, Charles

    1991-01-01

    Argues the importance of the relationships among silence and literature, the arts, and other experiences that point toward transcendence. Suggests that English teachers can expand the repertoire of classroom activities and teaching techniques that make use of silence. (KEH)

  13. Muuseum - market? Bach või Meie Mees? / Valner Valme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valme, Valner, 1970-

    2005-01-01

    28. septembril 2005. a. Rüütelkonna hoones toimunud avalikult arutelult muuseumi koha ja funktsiooni üle tänapäeva ühiskonnas. Vestlusringis Jaak Kangilaski, Rein Raud, Eha Komissarov, Merike Lang, Johannes Saar, Anders Härm, Sirje Helme jt

  14. Bach in 2014: Music Composition with Recurrent Neural Network

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, I-Ting; Ramakrishnan, Bhiksha

    2014-01-01

    We propose a framework for computer music composition that uses resilient propagation (RProp) and long short term memory (LSTM) recurrent neural network. In this paper, we show that LSTM network learns the structure and characteristics of music pieces properly by demonstrating its ability to recreate music. We also show that predicting existing music using RProp outperforms Back propagation through time (BPTT).

  15. BACH2: A marker of DNA damage and ageing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.M. Uittenboogaard (Lieneke); C. Payan-Gomez; J. Pothof (Joris); W.F.J. van IJcken (Wilfred); P.G. Mastroberardino (Pier); I. van der Pluijm (Ingrid); J.H.J. Hoeijmakers (Jan); M. Tresini (Maria)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractDNA damage and ageing share expression changes involving alterations in many aspects of metabolism, suppression of growth and upregulation of defence and genome maintenance systems. "Omics" technologies have permitted large-scale parallel measurements covering global cellular

  16. Remember Bach: an investigation in episodic memory for music.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eschrich, Susann; Münte, Thomas F; Altenmüller, Eckart O

    2005-12-01

    Emotional events are remembered better than nonemotional ones, especially after a long period of time. In this study, we investigated whether emotional music is kept better in episodic long-term memory than less emotional music and to which extent musical structure is important.

  17. Gödel, Escher, Bach ein endloses geflochtenes Band

    CERN Document Server

    Hofstadter, Douglas R

    1985-01-01

    Hofstadter entwickelt aus den Bereichen Logik, Molekularbiologie, Kunst, Computertechnik, Teilchenphysik und Philosophie ein gigantisches Mosaik, einen virtuos arrangierten Blick auf die Welt unter dem Winkel der mathematischen Logik. Dabei besticht er durch seine sachliche klare Darstellung, gepaart mit Amüsement und Witz. Trotz des schwierigen Themas sind keine Vorkenntnisse gefordert, die einzige Voraussetzung ist waches und geduldiges Interesse. Niemand, der Spaß an intelligent-witzigem Nachdenken hat, darf dieses »Kultbuch« seinen kleinen grauen Zellen vorenthalten.

  18. Muuseum - market? Bach või Meie Mees? / Valner Valme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valme, Valner, 1970-

    2005-01-01

    28. septembril 2005. a. Rüütelkonna hoones toimunud avalikult arutelult muuseumi koha ja funktsiooni üle tänapäeva ühiskonnas. Vestlusringis Jaak Kangilaski, Rein Raud, Eha Komissarov, Merike Lang, Johannes Saar, Anders Härm, Sirje Helme jt

  19. "Lose ten lbs in two weeks" Motivation for weight loss affects autobiographical memory in dieters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johannessen, Kim Berg; Berntsen, Dorthe

      The purpose of the present study was to examine the connection between motivation and autobiographical memories. Autobiographical memories recalled in response to dieting related versus neutral cue words were compared between a dieting and non-dieting group. Memories recalled in response...... higher on Beck's depression scale and had more recall errors in terms of overgeneral memories than the non-dieting group. The results can be seen to support the concept of current concerns (Klinger, 1978) and the theory of the working self (Conway & Pleydell-Pearce, 2000)....

  20. Diet, insulin resistance, and obesity: zoning in on data for Atkins dieters living in South Beach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lara-Castro, Cristina; Garvey, W Timothy

    2004-09-01

    Insulin resistance is a central pathogenic factor for the metabolic syndrome and is associated with both generalized obesity and the accumulation of fat in the omental and intramyocellular compartments. In the context of the current obesity epidemic, it is imperative to consider diets in terms of their ability to both promote weight loss and ameliorate insulin resistance. Weight loss under any dietary formulation depends on hypocaloric intake, and only moderate weight loss (5-10%) is sufficient to augment insulin sensitivity. However, increments in insulin sensitivity may be more directly related to loss of intramyocellular or omental fat rather than loss of total body weight per se. The widespread acceptance of popular low-carbohydrate high-fat diets (e.g. Atkins Diet, Zone Diet, South Beach diet) further underscores the need to evaluate dietary interventions regarding their safety and metabolic effects. These high-fat diets have been shown to be safe in the short term; however, their long-term safety has not been established. With respect to insulin sensitivity, diets enriched in saturated fats can induce insulin resistance, whereas fat substitution with monounsaturated fats can enhance insulin sensitivity. On the other hand, high-fiber, high-carbohydrate diets comprised of foods with low caloric density can similarly be used for effective weight reduction and to ameliorate insulin resistance. Although some data suggest that low-glycemic index diets are most advantageous in this regard, these effects may have more to do with increments in dietary fiber than differences in available carbohydrates. Popular low-carbohydrate, high-fat diets are being fervently embraced as an alternative to challenging modifications in lifestyle and intentional calorie reduction. Current data do not support such unbridled enthusiasm for these diets, particularly in relationship to high-fiber, high-carbohydrate diets emphasizing intake of fresh vegetables and fruits. Long-term studies to determine the efficacy and safety of both popular and experimental diets are warranted.

  1. "Lose ten lbs in two weeks" Motivation for weight loss affects autobiographical memory in dieters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johannessen, Kim Berg; Berntsen, Dorthe

    to dieting related cue words by the dieting group were more self defining, scored higher on the Centrality of Event Scale and contained more body and weight related elements. No differences between the two groups were found on memories recalled in response to the neutral cue words. The dieting group scored...

  2. Saksa teadlane hoiatab: "Tallinn jääb vee alla!" / Dieter Meissner ; intervjueerinud Maris Sander

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meissner, Dieter, 1954-

    2011-01-01

    Intervjuu Eestis päikesepaneelide tehnoloogiat arendava professoriga. Teadlase hinnangul pole tuumaenergia Eestis võimalus, kaugemas perspektiivis on Eestil energia tootmiseks kaks võimalust: kasutada põlevkivi või minna üle päikese- ja tuuleenergiale. Päikeseenergia kasutamisest Saksamaal

  3. Eesti toetab Montenegro lahku löömist Serbiast / Hannes Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krause, Hannes

    2006-01-01

    Eestis viibis Montenegro välisminister Miodrag Vlahovic. Montenegros toimub referendum iseseisvuse küsimuses, välisministri sõnul loodab tema rahvas referendumi positiivse tulemuse korral esimesena toetust Brüsselist

  4. Uurimiskomisjoni versiooni võit seiskaks 600 kopteri lennud / Hannes Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krause, Hannes

    2006-01-01

    Helikopteri tootja Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation ei ole nõus Copterline'i lennuõnnetuse uurimiskomisjoni versiooniga. Uurimiskomisjoni versiooni tõestamine võib tähendada kopteritootjale ligi 600 kopteri ümberehitust. Vt. samas: Kopteritehas üritab enda jaoks aega võita; Copterline sai hüvitiseks ligi 86 miljonit krooni

  5. Endine turujuht end süüdi ei tunnistanud / Hannes Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krause, Hannes

    2005-01-01

    Vadim Polishtshuk, keda süüdistatakse koos kahe kaaslasega Mait Metsamaa mõrvaprotsessi peamise tunnistaja ähvardamise ja mõjutamise katses, ei tunnistanud end 19. septembril Tallinna linnakohtus alanud protsessil süüdi

  6. Uurimiskomisjoni versiooni võit seiskaks 600 kopteri lennud / Hannes Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krause, Hannes

    2006-01-01

    Helikopteri tootja Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation ei ole nõus Copterline'i lennuõnnetuse uurimiskomisjoni versiooniga. Uurimiskomisjoni versiooni tõestamine võib tähendada kopteritootjale ligi 600 kopteri ümberehitust. Vt. samas: Kopteritehas üritab enda jaoks aega võita; Copterline sai hüvitiseks ligi 86 miljonit krooni

  7. Europarlament püüab oma mainet parandada / Hannes Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krause, Hannes

    2006-01-01

    Euroopa Parlament presidendi Josep Borrelli hinnangul käib istungitel liiga vähe parlamendiliikmeid ning parlamendiistungid ei suuda kaasas käia sündmustega Euroopas, ta on algatanud selleteemalise arutelu. Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kommentaare

  8. Disainmööbel Roche Bobois, kokteil sarmist ja romantikast / Reet Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krause, Reet, 1967-

    2004-01-01

    Luksuslikku kodumööblit tootvast prantsuse firmast. Firma disainerid itaallased Paola Navone ja Massimo Iosa Ghini, Vladimir Kagan, Hans Hopper ja prantslased Jean Claude Magirard ja Sylvain Joly. Philippe Roche ja disainer Hans Hopperi kommentaar

  9. Challenges regarding the translation of the satiric text: some examples from Karl Kraus's Third Walpurgis Night

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Zwick

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Kraus’ letzter langer Text, Dritte Walpurgisnacht war die Reaktion des Satirikers auf Hitlers Machtergreifung. Er bietet eine groβe Vielfalt von Übersetzungsproblemen, da der Autor einen üppigen Gebrauch von Zitaten, Wortspielen, Alliterationen, Wortschöpfungen und Variationen zu Sprüchen, Sprichwörtern, Maximen und Gemeinplätzen macht. In diesem Aufsatz werden einige solcher Probleme vorgestellt und Lösungsmöglichkeiten erörtet, nicht ohne zuvor einen theoretischen Ansatz festzulegen.

  10. Cytotoxicity of Secondary Metabolites from Dracaena viridiflora Engl & Krause and their Semisynthetic Analogues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rémy Bertrand Teponno

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The MeOH extract of Dracaena viridiflora was found to display significant cytotoxicity against some cancer cell lines. Systematic phytochemical investigation of this extract led to the isolation and structure elucidation of ten secondary metabolites including five spirostane (1-5 and one furostane (6 steroidal saponins. Furthermore, some acetylated spirostane analogues and three previously unreported derivatives with the 22,26-epoxycholesta-5,22-diene skeleton (15-17 were prepared from trillin (1, prosapogenin A of dioscin (2 and dioscin (4 by reaction with ZnCl 2/Ac 2O. Among the isolated and semisynthetic compounds, dioscin showed the most potent cytotoxicity against A549, Jurkat and Skov-3 cells with IC 50 values of 0.42, 1.70 and 1.90 µg/mL, respectively. It was noteworthy that acetylation of the bioactive compounds led to semisynthetic derivatives which unfortunately did not present any activity. This is the first report on the phytochemical and pharmacological investigation of Dracaena viridiflora.

  11. Eesti toetab Montenegro lahku löömist Serbiast / Hannes Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krause, Hannes

    2006-01-01

    Eestis viibis Montenegro välisminister Miodrag Vlahovic. Montenegros toimub referendum iseseisvuse küsimuses, välisministri sõnul loodab tema rahvas referendumi positiivse tulemuse korral esimesena toetust Brüsselist

  12. Talvel jõuavad Eestisse uued sõrmejäljemasinad / Hannes Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krause, Hannes

    2005-01-01

    Prantsuse firma Sagem Defense Securite võitis uute sõrmejäljemasinate tarnimise hanke. Peale sõrmejäljemasinate saabuvad Eestisse sõrmejälgede kiirkontrollijaamad, mis antakse mitmele ametkonnale

  13. Disainmööbel Roche Bobois, kokteil sarmist ja romantikast / Reet Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krause, Reet, 1967-

    2004-01-01

    Luksuslikku kodumööblit tootvast prantsuse firmast. Firma disainerid itaallased Paola Navone ja Massimo Iosa Ghini, Vladimir Kagan, Hans Hopper ja prantslased Jean Claude Magirard ja Sylvain Joly. Philippe Roche ja disainer Hans Hopperi kommentaar

  14. Eestlased võitlevad Iraagis järjest osavamate pommimeistritega / Hannes Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krause, Hannes

    2006-01-01

    Isevalmistatud lõhkekehad ehk IED-d muutuvad Iraagis üha keerulisemaks, samas kasutavad sõdurid uusi kaitseabinõusid. Iraagi inimeste hulgas kasvab huvi oma riigi vastu, kuid Iraagi julgeolekujõud on veel nõrgad. Lisa: Intsidendid Iraagis. Kaart: Estpla-12 Iraagis

  15. Pooled valijad nägid K-kohukese reklaamide taga Keskerakonda / Jaanus Piirsalu, Hannes Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirsalu, Jaanus, 1973-

    2005-01-01

    Turu-uuringute AS küsis 1008 inimeselt, kas nad on näinud ajal, mil poliitiline reklaam on keelatud, tänavatel reklaame, mis selgelt reklaamivad mõnda erakonda. Küsitluse tulemustest. Vt. samas intervjuud Eesti Reklaamiagentuuride Liidu presidendi Rein Iidaga. Diagrammid: Kuidas tajuti reklaame enne valimisi?

  16. Talvel jõuavad Eestisse uued sõrmejäljemasinad / Hannes Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krause, Hannes

    2005-01-01

    Prantsuse firma Sagem Defense Securite võitis uute sõrmejäljemasinate tarnimise hanke. Peale sõrmejäljemasinate saabuvad Eestisse sõrmejälgede kiirkontrollijaamad, mis antakse mitmele ametkonnale

  17. Investigations on organolead compounds I. A novel red organolead compound a reinvestigation of krause's red diphenyllead

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Willemsens, L.C.; Kerk, G.J.M. van der

    1964-01-01

    A red organolead compound of the structure (Ph3Pb)4Pb has been obtained from the simultaneous hydrolysis and oxidation of ether-free triphenylplumbyllithium or diphenyllead at low temperatures. Its structure was established by analysis and by an iodination reaction which yielded one mole of lead dii

  18. Keneti: South Seas Adventures of Kenneth Emory, by Bob Krause University of Hawaii Press, 1988

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew L. Christenson

    1991-11-01

    Full Text Available Most American archaeologists have not heard of Kenneth Emory, even though he is one of the senior American archaeologists. The problem is that he lives and did much of his work in the only state not in North America, an area not normally included in overviews or histories of "American" archaeology. Emory was raised in Hawaii (his parents moved there from Massachusetts when he was two, but received an Ivy League education (Dartmouth, Harvard, Yale. A biology major as an undergraduate at Dartmouth, he had developed an interest in Hawaiian language and folklore when growing up in Honolulu. The year he graduated (1921 . a meeting with Herbert Gregory, the new director of the Bishop Museum, netted him a $75 per month job as assistant ethnologist. According to his biographer, Emory had to look the word up after the interview! Gregory, a geologist and noted southwestern explorer, had grand plans of major ethnological research in the Pacific and Emory was one of the several people to be hired as part of this program (others included Robert T. Aitken. E.S. Handy, Ralph Linton, and E. W. Gifford.

  19. Mäletamine, aeglus ja kontrollimatu kapitalism / Eugen Ruge ; intervjueerinud Dieter Neidlinger ; saksa keelest eesti keelde vahendanud Aija Sakova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruge, Eugen, 1954-

    2016-01-01

    Intervjuu kirjandusfestivalil "Prima vista" esineva saksa kirjaniku Eugen Rugega tema romaanides "Kahaneva valguse aegu" ("In Zeiten des abnehmenden Lichts") ja "Cabo de Gata" ning käsil olevast teosest

  20. 风的幻象--Dieter Mack交响乐《Angin》的“自然美学”观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋扬

    2016-01-01

    马克想要表达“风”的自然感所带来的气韵,而环境和谐的破坏带给他内心的恐惧与愤怒,所以,在乐曲的开篇,他营造出现代音乐的“反传统性”、“反观众期待性”氛围,风带给我们一个“虚无以及苍白”的音乐形象。

  1. Neuropeptides and neuropeptide receptors: drug targets, and peptide and non-peptide ligands: a tribute to Prof. Dieter Seebach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoyer, Daniel; Bartfai, Tamas

    2012-11-01

    The number of neuropeptides and their corresponding receptors has increased steadily over the last fourty years: initially, peptides were isolated from gut or brain (e.g., Substance P, somatostatin), then by targeted mining in specific regions (e.g., cortistatin, orexin in the brain), or by deorphanization of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs; orexin, ghrelin receptors) and through the completion the Human Genome Project. Neuropeptides (and their receptors) have regionally restricted distributions in the central and peripheral nervous system. The neuropeptide signaling is somewhat more distinct spatially than signaling with classical, low-molecular-weight neurotransmitters that are more widely expressed, and, therefore, one assumes that drugs acting at neuropeptide receptors may have more selective pharmacological actions with possibly fewer side effects than drugs acting on glutamatergic, GABAergic, monoaminergic, or cholinergic systems. Neuropeptide receptors, which may have a few or multiple subtypes and splice variants, belong almost exclusively to the GPCR family also known as seven-transmembrane receptors (7TM), a favorite class of drug targets in the pharmaceutical industry. Most neuropeptides are co-stored and co-released with classic neurotransmitters, albeit often only at higher frequencies of stimulation or at bursting activity, thus restricting the neuropeptide signaling to specific circumstances, another reason to assume that neuropeptide drug mimics may have less side effects. Neuropeptides possess a wide spectrum of functions from neurohormone, neurotransmitter to growth factor, but also as key inflammatory mediators. Neuropeptides become 'active' when the nervous system is challenged, e.g., by stress, injury, drug abuse, or neuropsychiatric disorders with genetic, epigenetic, and/or environmental components. The unsuspected number of true neuropeptides and their cognate receptors provides opportunities to identify novel targets for the treatment of both central and peripheral nervous system disorders. Both, receptor subtype-selective antagonists and agonists are being developed, as illustrated by the success of somatostatin agonists, angiotensin, and endothelin antagonists, and the expected clinical applications of NK-1/2/3 (substance P) receptor antagonists, CRF, vasopressin, NPY, neurotensin, orexin antagonists, or neuropeptide receptor modulators; such ligands have efficacy in preclinical or clinical models of pain and neuropsychiatric diseases, such as migraine, chronic/neuropathic pain, anxiety, sleep disorders, depression, and schizophrenia. In addition, both positive and negative allosteric modulators have been described with interesting in vivo activities (e.g., at galanin receptors). The field has become more complex now that an increasing number of heteromeric neuropeptide receptors are described, e.g., ghrelin receptors with 5-HT(2C) or dopamine D(1), D(2) receptors. At long last, structure-based drug discovery can now be envisaged with confidence, since crystal or solution structure of GPCRs and GPCR-ligand complexes, including peptide receptors, are published almost on a monthly basis. Finally, although most compounds acting at peptide receptors are still peptidomimetics, the last decade has seen the emergence of low-molecular-weight nonpeptide ligands (e.g., for orexin, ghrelin, or neurokinin receptors), and surprising progress has been made with β- and γ-peptides as very stable and potent mimetics of, e.g., somatostatin (SRIF), where the native SRIF has a half-life limited to 2-3 min. This last point will be illustrated more specifically, as we have had a long-standing collaboration with Prof. D. Seebach to whom this review is dedicated at the occasion of his 75th birthday.

  2. Mäletamine, aeglus ja kontrollimatu kapitalism / Eugen Ruge ; intervjueerinud Dieter Neidlinger ; saksa keelest eesti keelde vahendanud Aija Sakova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruge, Eugen, 1954-

    2016-01-01

    Intervjuu kirjandusfestivalil "Prima vista" esineva saksa kirjaniku Eugen Rugega tema romaanides "Kahaneva valguse aegu" ("In Zeiten des abnehmenden Lichts") ja "Cabo de Gata" ning käsil olevast teosest

  3. Das Konzept der "Verkehrssprache" und die frühen geographischen Berichte über Nordeuropa / Dieter Cherubim

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Cherubim, Dieter

    2006-01-01

    Keelest kui keeleteaduse objektist, keelekasutusest ja keelenormist. Esitatakse segakeele ehk lingua franca (Verkehrssprache) kontseptsioon. Samuti tutvustatakse 18. sajandil juurdunud ekspeditsioonide korraldamise tava võõraste keelte uurimiseks ja tundmaõppimiseks ning täpsemalt räägitakse varastest keeleuurimisreisidest Põhja-Euroopasse

  4. Exercise makes you feel good, but does feeling good make you exercise?: an examination of obese dieters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carels, Robert A; Coit, Carissa; Young, Kathleen; Berger, Bonnie

    2007-12-01

    Whereas exercise-induced mood enhancement has been well documented, the relationship between mood and exercise participation is less well understood. Mood states influence evaluative judgments that could plausibly influence a decision to exercise. Further, most exercise-mood research is limited to normal weight adults in response to a single exercise session. The current investigation examines the influence of (a) morning mood on exercise, (b) exercise intensity/duration on mood enhancement, and (c) daily change in mood on exercise days compared with nonexercise days in obese behavioral weight loss program (BWLP) participants. Participants (N = 36) recorded morning, evening, and pre-and postexercise mood, as well as the type, duration, and intensity of exercise. Within-person analyses indicated that (a) morning mood was associated with an increased likelihood of exercising, (b) mood ratings were higher following exercise of greater intensity and duration, and (c) daily mood enhancement was associated with greater exercise initiation and greater exercise intensity. Measuring mood before and after exercise may yield important clinical information that can be used to promote physical activity in obese adults.

  5. Feeding activity of the East African millipede Omopyge sudanica Kraus on different crop products in laboratory experiments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ebregt, E.; Struik, P.C.; Abidin, P.E.; Odongo, B.

    2007-01-01

    Millipedes can cause considerable damage in the production of sweet potato and some other crops in East Africa. Quantitative information on intake of crop diets by and body weight gain of millipedes was collected in short-term no-choice feeding activity laboratory experiments conducted in north-east

  6. Gastroprotective activity of alkaloid extract and 2-phenylquinoline obtained from the bark of Galipea longiflora Krause (Rutaceae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zanatta, Francielle; Gandolfi, Renan Becker; Lemos, Marivane; Ticona, Juan Carlos; Gimenez, Alberto; Clasen, Bruna Kurz; Cechinel Filho, Valdir; de Andrade, Sérgio Faloni

    2009-07-15

    As part of our continuing search for bioactive natural products from plants, the present study was carried out in order to evaluate the gastroprotective properties of alkaloid extract and 2-phenylquinoline obtained from the bark of Galipea longiflora (Rutaceae). Anti-ulcer assays were performed using the following protocols in mice: nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)/bethanecol-induced ulcer, ethanol/HCl-induced ulcer, and stress-induced ulcer. The effects of the extract on gastric content volume, pH and total acidity were also evaluated, using the pylorus ligated model. Treatment using doses of 50, 125 and 250 mg/kg of G. longiflora alkaloid extract and positive controls (omeprazol or cimetidine) significantly diminished the lesion index, total lesion area, and percentage of lesion, in comparison with the negative control groups in all the models evaluated. Regarding the model of gastric secretion, a reduction in volume of gastric juice and total acidity was observed, as well as an increase in gastric pH. The main alkaloid of the plant, 2-phenylquinoline, was also evaluated in the ethanol-induced ulcer model. The results showed that at a dose of 50 mg/kg, it significantly inhibited ulcerative lesions. However, this effect was less than that of the alkaloid extract. All these results taken together show that G. longiflora displays gastroprotective activity, as evidenced by its significant inhibition of the formation of ulcers induced by different models. There are indications that mechanisms involved in anti-ulcer activity are related to a decrease in gastric secretion and an increase in gastric mucus content. Also, there is evidence of involvement of NO in the gastroprotector mechanisms. These effects may be attributed, at least in part, to the presence of some alkaloids, particularly 2-phenylquinoline.

  7. Sõiduki esmane kasutusele võtmine käibemaksuseaduse mõttes / Jane Perv, Revo Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Perv, Jane

    2017-01-01

    Sõiduki esmase kasutusele võtmisega seotud käibemaksuregulatsioonist ja probleemidest selle tõlgendamisel. Uue transpordivahendi regulatsioonist Eesti käibemaksuseaduses, maksuhalduri kaalutlusruumist. Tõendamiskoormise jagunemisest maksuhalduri ja maksukohustuslase vahel. Sisaldab asjakohast kohtupraktikat

  8. Õhutõrjerelvade ost võib tuua suure teadusinvesteeringu või tellimuse / Hannes Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krause, Hannes

    2006-01-01

    Õhutõrjerelvade riigihankele kutsutud relvatootjad peavad tegema ka pakkumise Eesti teaduskeskustelt või kaitsetööstuselt mitmesaja miljoni krooni eest toodete või teenuste ostmise kohta. Vastuostu põhimõtet rakendatakse Eestis esimest korda, hankel on kutsutud osalema relvatootjad MBDA Missile Systems ja Raytheon Company

  9. 10 päeva Otepää väikejärvedel / Teet Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krause, Teet, 1960-

    2013-01-01

    Eesti Maaülikooli kalastikuseirajad uurisid 2013. a suvel Otepää kandi 16 väikejärve kalavarusid. Huvipakkuvaks harrastuskalastajale tunnistati Mõrtsuka järv, Päidla Suurjärv, Pilkuse järv, Jaanuse järv, Restu paisjärv

  10. 10 päeva Otepää väikejärvedel / Teet Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krause, Teet, 1960-

    2013-01-01

    Eesti Maaülikooli kalastikuseirajad uurisid 2013. a suvel Otepää kandi 16 väikejärve kalavarusid. Huvipakkuvaks harrastuskalastajale tunnistati Mõrtsuka järv, Päidla Suurjärv, Pilkuse järv, Jaanuse järv, Restu paisjärv

  11. Eesti toodab ühe elaniku kohta Euroopas kõige rohkem süsihappegaasi / Hannes Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krause, Hannes

    2006-01-01

    Euroopa Komisjoni uurimiskeskuse ning Yale'i ja Columbia ülikooli läbiviidud ülemaailmsest uuringust, mille kohaselt on Eesti muu hulgas vee kvaliteedi osas EL-i 25 liikmesriigi hulgas paremuselt neljandal kohal

  12. Õhutõrjerelvade ost võib tuua suure teadusinvesteeringu või tellimuse / Hannes Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krause, Hannes

    2006-01-01

    Õhutõrjerelvade riigihankele kutsutud relvatootjad peavad tegema ka pakkumise Eesti teaduskeskustelt või kaitsetööstuselt mitmesaja miljoni krooni eest toodete või teenuste ostmise kohta. Vastuostu põhimõtet rakendatakse Eestis esimest korda, hankel on kutsutud osalema relvatootjad MBDA Missile Systems ja Raytheon Company

  13. 对Kraus协商策略模型的一点改进%Improvment on Kraus's Negotiation Strategies Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志晓; 黄厚宽; 侯翠华

    1998-01-01

    协商是多智能体系统研究的热点之一.现针对S.Kraus等人提出的考虑协商过程本身所用时间的协商策略模型中对信息完备要求过于严格的问题,参考了对策论、BDI(信念Belief、愿望Desire、意图Intention)理论的研究成果,分析了一个信息不完备情况下的资源分配问题的例子,初步解决了信息不完备情况下的协商问题.

  14. Hurricane season: Systems of instability in Central and Eastern European party politics / Tim Haughton, Kevin Deegan-Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haughton, Tim

    2015-01-01

    Artiklis käsitletakse Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopas (sh. Eesti) aset leidnud kiireid poliitilisi arenguid, millega on kaasas käinud muutused parteisüsteemides. Pakutakse välja uus kontseptuaalne mudel, mis aitab neid muutusi seletada.

  15. Hurricane season: Systems of instability in Central and Eastern European party politics / Tim Haughton, Kevin Deegan-Krause

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haughton, Tim

    2015-01-01

    Artiklis käsitletakse Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopas (sh. Eesti) aset leidnud kiireid poliitilisi arenguid, millega on kaasas käinud muutused parteisüsteemides. Pakutakse välja uus kontseptuaalne mudel, mis aitab neid muutusi seletada.

  16. Feeding activity of the East African millipede Omopyge sudanica Kraus on different crop products in laboratory experiments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ebregt, E.; Struik, P.C.; Abidin, P.E.; Odongo, B.

    2007-01-01

    Millipedes can cause considerable damage in the production of sweet potato and some other crops in East Africa. Quantitative information on intake of crop diets by and body weight gain of millipedes was collected in short-term no-choice feeding activity laboratory experiments conducted in north-east

  17. If Bach Had Owned a Computer: Technology and Teaching the Novel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyer, Jay

    1987-01-01

    Considers the changes the world has undergone (advances in technology) since World War II and uses this as a basis to analyze why students increasingly seem to find the novel a difficult form to handle. (NKA)

  18. Why Dogs Love Their Bach%狗为何喜欢古典乐?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    @@ Are dogs as discerning as humans? Dogs become sweet-tempered and relaxed when they listen to classical music(古典乐) but put up a howl(嚎叫) when they listen to heavy metal(重金属摇滚乐),according to researchers.

  19. 巴洛克的优雅——致Johann Sebastian Bach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    不妄素年

    2013-01-01

    1685年那个春季,JohannSebastian Bach诞生于德国的埃森纳赫,从此,这个宗教至上的伟大音乐家便用他杰出的天赋,奠定了巴洛克时期的辉煌地位。致Johann Sebastian Bach。巴赫。Bach出生在一个地道的音乐世家。是的,对于具有极高音乐天赋的他来说,在这样的家庭背景下成长是极为幸运的。

  20. From the Cover: Musical rhythm spectra from Bach to Joplin obey a 1/f power law

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levitin, Daniel J.; Chordia, Parag; Menon, Vinod

    2012-03-01

    Much of our enjoyment of music comes from its balance of predictability and surprise. Musical pitch fluctuations follow a 1/f power law that precisely achieves this balance. Musical rhythms, especially those of Western classical music, are considered highly regular and predictable, and this predictability has been hypothesized to underlie rhythm's contribution to our enjoyment of music. Are musical rhythms indeed entirely predictable and how do they vary with genre and composer? To answer this question, we analyzed the rhythm spectra of 1,788 movements from 558 compositions of Western classical music. We found that an overwhelming majority of rhythms obeyed a 1/fβ power law across 16 subgenres and 40 composers, with β ranging from ∼0.5-1. Notably, classical composers, whose compositions are known to exhibit nearly identical 1/f pitch spectra, demonstrated distinctive 1/f rhythm spectra: Beethoven's rhythms were among the most predictable, and Mozart's among the least. Our finding of the ubiquity of 1/f rhythm spectra in compositions spanning nearly four centuries demonstrates that, as with musical pitch, musical rhythms also exhibit a balance of predictability and surprise that could contribute in a fundamental way to our aesthetic experience of music. Although music compositions are intended to be performed, the fact that the notated rhythms follow a 1/f spectrum indicates that such structure is no mere artifact of performance or perception, but rather, exists within the written composition before the music is performed. Furthermore, composers systematically manipulate (consciously or otherwise) the predictability in 1/f rhythms to give their compositions unique identities.

  1. Let's All Love to Play Bach%我们一起爱巴赫(十五)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛原

    2007-01-01

    @@ "连断性"(Articulation)与音量(力度)的多种可能性 (英语的Articulation有着双重的含义.在一般用语中,它指的是怎样发音;但在音乐中,它的意义常常是我们所说的"连断性".这里要讲的,就是这种"连断性"的多种可能性.)

  2. Bach Is the Father of Harmony: Revealed by a 1/f Fluctuation Analysis across Musical Genres

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Wu, Dan; Kendrick, Keith M; Levitin, Daniel J; Li, Chaoyi; Yao, Dezhong

    2015-01-01

    .... Here for the first time we used a 1/f fluctuation analysis to investigate whether the consonance fluctuation structure in music with a wide range of composers and genres followed the scale free...

  3. Musical rhythm spectra from Bach to Joplin obey a 1/f power law.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levitin, Daniel J; Chordia, Parag; Menon, Vinod

    2012-03-06

    Much of our enjoyment of music comes from its balance of predictability and surprise. Musical pitch fluctuations follow a 1/f power law that precisely achieves this balance. Musical rhythms, especially those of Western classical music, are considered highly regular and predictable, and this predictability has been hypothesized to underlie rhythm's contribution to our enjoyment of music. Are musical rhythms indeed entirely predictable and how do they vary with genre and composer? To answer this question, we analyzed the rhythm spectra of 1,788 movements from 558 compositions of Western classical music. We found that an overwhelming majority of rhythms obeyed a 1/f(β) power law across 16 subgenres and 40 composers, with β ranging from ∼0.5-1. Notably, classical composers, whose compositions are known to exhibit nearly identical 1/f pitch spectra, demonstrated distinctive 1/f rhythm spectra: Beethoven's rhythms were among the most predictable, and Mozart's among the least. Our finding of the ubiquity of 1/f rhythm spectra in compositions spanning nearly four centuries demonstrates that, as with musical pitch, musical rhythms also exhibit a balance of predictability and surprise that could contribute in a fundamental way to our aesthetic experience of music. Although music compositions are intended to be performed, the fact that the notated rhythms follow a 1/f spectrum indicates that such structure is no mere artifact of performance or perception, but rather, exists within the written composition before the music is performed. Furthermore, composers systematically manipulate (consciously or otherwise) the predictability in 1/f rhythms to give their compositions unique identities.

  4. BRIP1 (BACH1 variants and familial breast cancer risk: a case-control study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bugert Peter

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Inactivating and truncating mutations of the nuclear BRCA1-interacting protein 1 (BRIP1 have been shown to be the major cause of Fanconi anaemia and, due to subsequent alterations of BRCA1 function, predispose to breast cancer (BC. Methods We investigated the effect of BRIP1 -64G>A and Pro919Ser on familial BC risk by means of TaqMan allelic discrimination, analysing BRCA1/BRCA2 mutation-negative index patients of 571 German BC families and 712 control individuals. Results No significant differences in genotype frequencies between BC cases and controls for BRIP1 -64G>A and Pro919Ser were observed. Conclusion We found no effect of the putatively functional BRIP1 variants -64G>A and Pro919Ser on the risk of familial BC.

  5. Bach Adsorption Study for the Extraction of Silver Ions by Hydrazone Compounds from Aqueous Solution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdussalam Salhin Mohamad Ali

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Sorbent materials based on a hydrazone Schiff base compound, C14H11BrN4O4, were prepared either by immobilizing the ligand into sol-gel (SG1 or bonding to silica (SG2. The sorbent materials were characterized by FT-IR, EDX, SEM, TEM, and TGA. The sorption characteristics of a matrix of eight transition metal ions (Ag+, Cu2+, Co2+, Ni2+, Fe3+, Pb2+, Zn2+, and Mn2+ using batch method were studied. Several key parameters that affected the extraction efficiency such as pH, contact time, metal ions concentration, and gel size (for SGl were investigated and optimized. Under the optimized conditions, the physically immobilized hydrazone sorbent (SG1 exhibits highest selectivity towards Ag+ ions, while the chemically bonded hydrazone sorbent (SG2 exhibits high extraction for all metal ions tested. However, for practical applications such as the removal and preconcentration of Ag+, the physically immobilized sorbent (SG1 is preferred.

  6. Bach, Beethoven, Bourdieu: "Cultural Capital" and the Scholastic Canon in England's A-Level Examinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legg, Robert

    2012-01-01

    This article applies Bourdieu's notion of "cultural capital" to historical, documentary research which investigates the construction of a scholastic canon within England's A-level music examinations. A digest of the ways in which this canon evolved between 1951 and 1986 is presented in support of the idea that examiners' responses to…

  7. Bach, Beethoven, Bourdieu: "Cultural Capital" and the Scholastic Canon in England's A-Level Examinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legg, Robert

    2012-01-01

    This article applies Bourdieu's notion of "cultural capital" to historical, documentary research which investigates the construction of a scholastic canon within England's A-level music examinations. A digest of the ways in which this canon evolved between 1951 and 1986 is presented in support of the idea that examiners' responses to…

  8. Maria Ward : kogu elu võitleb nunn kirikumeestega, püüdes oma visiooni tõelisuseks muuta / Dieter Wunderlich

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wunderlich, Dieter

    2008-01-01

    Pikka aega ei tunnustanud katoliku kirik Maria Wardi (1585-1645). Alles 20. sajandi alguses võis teda nimetada naisordu rajajaks (Institutum Beatae Mariae Virginis ئ inglise preilid) ja alles pärast II Vatikani Kirikukogu sai ordu teostada algset kontseptsiooni: luua iseseisev jesuiitide ordu naistele, sama eluviisi, põhikirja ja apostelliku eesmärgiga.

  9. Healthy dining: Subtle diet reminders at the point of purchase increase low-calorie food choices among both chronic and current dieters

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Papies, E.K.; Veling, H.P.

    2013-01-01

    There is a growing consensus that our food-rich living environment contributes to rising numbers of people with overweight and obesity. Low-cost, effective intervention tools are needed to facilitate healthy eating behavior, especially when eating away from home. Therefore, we present a field

  10. 专访CNB总裁Dieter Gust先生 不只双体帆船,动力艇也是我们的重点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sarah; Kevin(图)

    2011-01-01

    CNB是现在全球极少数能用不同的材料(铝合金、碳纤维等复合材料)建造船艇的公司之一。对我们来说,除了欧洲市场外,现在有3大主要市场。包括动力艇和帆船:第一个是中国,第二个是巴西,第三个是美国。

  11. 精致的细节无损:访德国飞星(Audio Physic)高管Dieter Kratochiwil

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    德国音箱名牌飞星(Audio Physic)由Joachim Gerhard先生于1985年创立.至今已有27年的历史了。从飞星的第一款产品Tempo开始,企业就一直坚持着“Noloss of fine detail”(精致的细节无损)这一理念从未动摇,

  12. Review: Thomas Brüsemeister & Klaus-Dieter Eubel (Eds. (2008. Evaluation, Wissen und Nichtwissen [Evaluation, Knowledge and Lack of Knowledge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Speer

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available The main goal of this book is to discuss practices of evaluation in education. Evaluation creates new knowledge; in parallel, it sometimes also creates new blind spots. The authors' reflections are connected to practices such as large-scale assessments (PISA, the implementation of educational standards, national monitoring in education, governance of schools, and instruments such as "portfolios." There are many complex relationships between politics, evaluation and fields of practice and institutionalized communication is complemented by various means of informal communication and interaction. The authors of the book illustrate evaluation and knowledge creation on the macro-level and difficulties in using it on lower levels. Due to the complexity of the topic, this book can neither reflect in depth nor explicitly classify different forms of knowledge characteristics and their usefulness. Various methods of data infiltration, causal links, and forms of interpretation are analyzed through the lens of knowledge creation. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1001164

  13. Healthy dining: Subtle diet reminders at the point of purchase increase low-calorie food choices among both chronic and current dieters

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Papies, E.K.; Veling, H.P.

    2013-01-01

    There is a growing consensus that our food-rich living environment contributes to rising numbers of people with overweight and obesity. Low-cost, effective intervention tools are needed to facilitate healthy eating behavior, especially when eating away from home. Therefore, we present a field experi

  14. Healthy dining: Subtle diet reminders at the point of purchase increase low-calorie food choices among both chronic and current dieters

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Papies, E.K.; Veling, H.P.

    2013-01-01

    There is a growing consensus that our food-rich living environment contributes to rising numbers of people with overweight and obesity. Low-cost, effective intervention tools are needed to facilitate healthy eating behavior, especially when eating away from home. Therefore, we present a field experi

  15. Maria Ward : kogu elu võitleb nunn kirikumeestega, püüdes oma visiooni tõelisuseks muuta / Dieter Wunderlich

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wunderlich, Dieter

    2008-01-01

    Pikka aega ei tunnustanud katoliku kirik Maria Wardi (1585-1645). Alles 20. sajandi alguses võis teda nimetada naisordu rajajaks (Institutum Beatae Mariae Virginis ئ inglise preilid) ja alles pärast II Vatikani Kirikukogu sai ordu teostada algset kontseptsiooni: luua iseseisev jesuiitide ordu naistele, sama eluviisi, põhikirja ja apostelliku eesmärgiga.

  16. Languages of Iran: Past and Present - Iranian Studies in memoriam David Neil MacKenzie / Dieter Weber (ed.). Wiesbaden : Harrassowitz, 2005

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Claus Valling

    2007-01-01

    Anmeldelse af et overvejende filologisk mindeskrift (monografi) til ære for D.N. MacKenzie indeholdende artikler om iranske sprog......Anmeldelse af et overvejende filologisk mindeskrift (monografi) til ære for D.N. MacKenzie indeholdende artikler om iranske sprog...

  17. 基于Krause多智能体一致性模型的研究%Research of Krause's Multi-Agent Consensus Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢光强; 章云; 李杨; 曾启杰

    2013-01-01

    在Krause多智能体一致性模型中,模型里的智能体只进行局部通讯,系统的网络拓扑结构是动态变化的,每个智能体将与它相邻的智能体的状态总和的平均值作为最新时刻的状态值,模型常用于舆论演化行为的研究.本文研究和分析在初始拓扑连通条件下该模型收敛的特性,对收敛的群集数的上界做研究,证明了系统收敛的群集数量与初始区间值之间的关系,给出了更小的一个上界,即收敛的上界为间隔区间值.仿真试验以300个智能体意见值的系统为例,考虑在不同的区间和初始分布拓扑下进行仿真和验证,主要是在5种不同初始拓扑分布及区间范围内进行意见演化,同时初始时刻系统网络是连通的,采用分布式离散算法,得到的实验结果与结论是相吻合的.

  18. Elongational viscosity of narrow molar mass distribution polystyrene. Anders Bach, Kristoffer Almdal, Henrik Koblitz Rasmussen and Ole Hassager

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Henrik Koblitz; Bach, Anders; Almdal, Kristoffer

    2003-01-01

    Transient and steady elongational viscosity has been measured for two narrow molar mass distribution polystyrene melts of molar masses 200 000 and 390 000 by means of a filament stretching rheometer. Total Hencky strains of about five have been obtained. The transient elongational viscosity rises...

  19. Bach the enjoyment combining coffee and music%巴赫将咖啡与音乐快乐交融

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    奶昔

    2007-01-01

    @@ 在有咖啡馆的地方,必然放着悠扬的音乐来舒展您的身心.当音乐溶入我们的生活中时,它带给我们的是一种愉悦和赏析.它能使我们的身心放松,使我们的生活充满色彩,也同时能使我们的激情释放.在音乐界,出现了这么一位视咖啡、音乐为生活状态的毕加索,他所涉爱的音乐,他所习惯了的咖啡,是他生活的一个色彩!

  20. From past to present and from listening to hearing: Final indefinable moments in Bach's and Stravinsky's music

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Groot, R.; Hellemans, B.; Otten, W.; Pranger, B.

    2013-01-01

    The way a musical composition ends is a critical moment: the musical ordering stops while the daily order of affairs is not yet in effect. Especially since the late 19th century, composers have created musical endings in which the musical ordering is gradually waning, increasingly allowing silence

  1. Variety in Performance: A comparative Analysis of Recorded Performances of Bach's Sixth Suite for Solo Cello from 1961 to 1998

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alistair Sung

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available There exists a commonly held belief amongst musicologists that there has been a ―general globalisation of styles‖ within recorded performances of the latter half of the twentieth century. For many, this is evidenced by an increased interaction between mainstream (MS and historically informed performance (HIP practices as well as a general decrease in the diversity of performances. Through a comparative aural and software-assisted analysis and measurement of performance features such as tempo, rhythmic flexibility, vibrato, portamento, bowing, and articulation in key interpretations of Bach‘s Suite No. 6 for Solo Cello recorded in between 1961 and 1998, this study investigates the relationship between MS and HIP performances in the latter half of the 20th century. By limiting analyses to those performers who have made two recordings during the designated period (Tortelier, Starker, Bylsma, Ma, Wispelwey, it has been possible to identify overarching trends and individual differences. These have been examined with reference to their broader social and cultural context in order to test commonly held musicological assumptions about the modernist and postmodernist foundations of performances from this era. The results indicate that by the 1990s increased interaction between MS and HIP practices has resulted in a wider variety of differing performances and that this can be seen to be symptomatic of the postmodern condition that has become prevalent since the last decade of the 20th century.

  2. Bach Is the Father of Harmony: Revealed by a 1/f Fluctuation Analysis across Musical Genres: e0142431

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Dan Wu; Keith M Kendrick; Daniel J Levitin; Chaoyi Li; Dezhong Yao

    2015-01-01

    .... Here for the first time we used a 1/f fluctuation analysis to investigate whether the consonance fluctuation structure in music with a wide range of composers and genres followed the scale free...

  3. Cueing musical emotions: An empirical analysis of 24-piece sets by Bach and Chopin documents parallels with emotional speech

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew ePoon

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Acoustic cues such as pitch height and timing are effective at communicating emotion in both music and speech. Numerous experiments altering musical passages have shown that higher and faster melodies generally sound happier than lower and slower melodies, findings consistent with corpus analyses of emotional speech. However, equivalent corpus analyses of complex time-varying cues in music are less common, due in part to the challenges of assembling an appropriate corpus. Here we describe a novel, score-based exploration of the use of pitch height and timing in a set of balanced major and minor key compositions. Our corpus contained all 24 Preludes and 24 Fugues from Bach’s Well Tempered Clavier (book 1, as well as all 24 of Chopin’s Preludes for piano. These three sets are balanced with respect to both modality (major/minor and key chroma (A, B, C, etc.. Consistent with predictions derived from speech, we found major-key (nominally happy pieces to be two semitones higher in pitch height and 29% faster than minor-key (nominally sad pieces. This demonstrates that our balanced corpus of major and minor key pieces uses low-level acoustic cues for emotion in a manner consistent with speech. A series of post-hoc analyses illustrate interesting trade-offs, with

  4. The impact of lower urinary tract symptoms and comorbidities on quality of life: the BACH and UREPIK studies.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Robertson, C.; Link, C.L.; Onel, E.; Mazzetta, C.; Keech, M.; Hobbs, R.; Fourcade, R.; Kiemeney, L.A.L.M.; Lee, C.; Boyle, P.; McKinlay, J.B.

    2007-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) on quality of life (QoL) and to determine its extent across a variety of cultures, and the confounding effects of self-reported comorbidities and demographics. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from two population-ba

  5. Svend Bach og Jǿrgen Schmitt Jensen, Stnrre italiensk grammatik, /Munksgaards grammatiker/, Munksgaard 1990; pp. VIII + 760.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitja Skubic

    1990-12-01

    Full Text Available Una grammatica dell'italiano contemporaneo in lingua danese non può essere oggetto di una recensione da parte di chi il danese non lo conosce e perciò non ha potuto seguire il pensiero dei due autori. Si tratta, dunque, di una semplice segnala­ zione e di alcune osservazioni, fatte esclusivamente sulla base dei passi citati in ita­ liano. Più di una volta, poi, ho dovuto fare ricorso alia gentilezza del collega Janez Orešnik, scandinavista. Se devo difendere il mio coraggio d'aver intrapreso pure un tale lavoro, è perche uno degli autori, Jǿrgen Schmitt Jensen aveva già dato allo studio dell'italiano un valido contributo con Subjonctif et hypotaxe en italien con una penetrante analisi, tutta sua, dell'impiego di questo modo romanzo. Poi, per alcuni problemi sintattici è sempre interessante vedere come tratta un problema un romanista la cui lingua è estranea all'area romanza.

  6. The impact of lower urinary tract symptoms and comorbidities on quality of life: the BACH and UREPIK studies.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Robertson, C.; Link, C.L.; Onel, E.; Mazzetta, C.; Keech, M.; Hobbs, R.; Fourcade, R.; Kiemeney, L.A.L.M.; Lee, C.; Boyle, P.; McKinlay, J.B.

    2007-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) on quality of life (QoL) and to determine its extent across a variety of cultures, and the confounding effects of self-reported comorbidities and demographics. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from two population-ba

  7. From past to present and from listening to hearing: Final indefinable moments in Bach's and Stravinsky's music

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Groot, R.; Hellemans, B.; Otten, W.; Pranger, B.

    2013-01-01

    The way a musical composition ends is a critical moment: the musical ordering stops while the daily order of affairs is not yet in effect. Especially since the late 19th century, composers have created musical endings in which the musical ordering is gradually waning, increasingly allowing silence t

  8. Elongational viscosity of narrow molar mass distribution polystyrene. Anders Bach, Kristoffer Almdal, Henrik Koblitz Rasmussen and Ole Hassager

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Henrik Koblitz; Bach, Anders; Almdal, Kristoffer

    2003-01-01

    Transient and steady elongational viscosity has been measured for two narrow molar mass distribution polystyrene melts of molar masses 200 000 and 390 000 by means of a filament stretching rheometer. Total Hencky strains of about five have been obtained. The transient elongational viscosity rises...

  9. 77 FR 75253 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Wait, Later This Will Be...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-19

    ...: Editions by Dieter Roth'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given of the following determinations: Pursuant to the... Nothing: Editions by Dieter Roth,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within the United...

  10. Unravelling the Mystery of Massive Star Birth - All Stars are Born the Same Way

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    of a screw on the International Space Station, or more than ten times the resolution possible with current visible-light telescopes in space. With this unique capability, complemented by observations done with another of ESO's telescopes, the 3.58-metre New Technology Telescope at La Silla, Kraus and colleagues were able to detect a disc around IRAS 13481-6124. "This is the first time we could image the inner regions of the disc around a massive young star", says Kraus. "Our observations show that formation works the same for all stars, regardless of mass." The astronomers conclude that the system is about 60 000 years old, and that the star has reached its final mass. Because of the intense light of the star - 30 000 times more luminous than our Sun - the disc will soon start to evaporate. The flared disc extends to about 130 times the Earth-Sun distance - or 130 astronomical units (AU) - and has a mass similar to that of the star, roughly twenty times the Sun. In addition, the inner parts of the disc are shown to be devoid of dust. "Further observations with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), currently being constructed in Chile, could provide much information on these inner parts, and allow us to better understand how baby massive stars became heavy," concludes Kraus. More information This research was presented in a paper to appear in this week issue of Nature ("A hot compact dust disk around a massive young stellar object", by S. Kraus et al.). The team is composed of Stefan Kraus (University of Michigan, USA), Karl-Heinz Hofmann, Karl M. Menten, Dieter Schertl, Gerd Weigelt, Friedrich Wyrowski, and Anthony Meilland (Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Bonn, Germany),Karine Perraut (Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Grenoble, France), Romain Petrov and Sylvie Robbe-Dubois (Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis/CNRS/Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, France), Peter Schilke (Universität zu Köln, Germany), and Leonardo Testi (ESO).

  11. 77 FR 31422 - Commercial Driver's License (CDL) Standards; Daimler Trucks North America (Daimler) Exemption...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-25

    ...-Dieter Holloh are field test engineers who will be test-driving Daimler vehicles on U.S. roads in order... Klaus-Dieter Holloh from 49 CFR 383.23 of the CDL rules, requiring drivers operating CMVs to have a CDL... safety records of Georg Weiberg and Klaus-Dieter Holloh, and the fact that both individuals have...

  12. Viscosity overshoot followed by steady state measured in uni-axial elongation of LDPE. Ole Hassager, Henrik Koblitz Rasmussen, Anders Bach and Jens Kromann Nielsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Henrik Koblitz; Hassager, Ole; Bach, Anders

    2004-01-01

    The transient (e.g. start up of) elongational viscosity of three low-density polyethylene (LDPE) melts (BASF Lupolen 1810H, 1840D and 3020D) was measured using a filament stretching rheometer (FSR) capable of measuring at elevated temperatures. The transient uni-axial elongational viscosity showe...

  13. On the Problems in the Accordion Performance of J. S. Bach's Works%手风琴演奏J.S Bach作品问题探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙伟

    2006-01-01

    本文针对手风琴演奏J.S Bach作品的相关问题、例如风格把握、演奏技巧等、进行探讨.并以笔者自身演奏巴赫作品的心得体会,对巴赫作品的演奏设计的相关问题进行归纳总结.

  14. Association of Acculturation and Health Literacy with Prevalent Dysglycemia and Diabetes Control Among Latinos in the Boston Area Community Health (BACH) Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    López, Lenny; Grant, Richard W.; Marceau, Lisa; Piccolo, Rebecca; McKinlay, John B.; Meigs, James B.

    2016-01-01

    This study assessed the effect of acculturation on type 2 diabetes and whether health literacy may mediate this association. The Boston Area Community Health cohort is a multi-stage stratified random sample of adults from Boston including 744 Latinos. We defined dysglycemia as a HbA1c ≥5.7 %. Multivariable analyses examined the associations between acculturation and health literacy adjusting for demographic and clinical variables. Similar analyses were performed among participants with HbA1c ≥7.0 % to assess the association between acculturation and diabetes control. Among an insured primarily foreign born Spanish speaking Latino population, with a long residence period in the US and good healthcare utilization, higher levels of acculturation were not associated with dysglycemia. Lower levels of acculturation were associated with worse diabetes control. Health literacy level did not modify these associations. Elucidating the components of heterogeneity among Latinos will be essential for understanding the influence of acculturation on diabetes. PMID:26898955

  15. 巴赫金“主体间性”思想解读%The Interpretation on the "Intersubjectivity" of Bach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨星映

    2011-01-01

    行为哲学是巴赫金美学、文艺学中的“主体间性”思想的哲学基础。这种行为哲学强调人的行为必须“应分”(应承担责任),而行为世界的建构实质上是我与他人的关系,人的具体存在方式是:在言语交往中的存在、与他人对话中的存在。人的存在是交互性、对话性的。“外位性”是巴赫金人文科学研究,尤其是其“主体间性”思想的方法论基石。“外位性”即“我用他人的眼睛看自己,以他人的视点评价自己”,其实质是强调审美活动中不同主体的交互性、对话性。“主体间性”是主体的审美观照方式,即不同文本(表述)之间、作者与主人公之间、读者与文本之间(包括当代读者与历时性文本之间)、不同民族文化之间都是处在相对的“外位”而进行交往与对话。%Behavioral philosophy is the foundation of Bach' s intersubjectivity philosophical in aesthetics and literary theory. His behavior philosophy emphasizes that human behavior must be "should be" (That' s to say one should be responsible for his behavior), whereas the construction behavior is essentially the relationship between me and others, such is the specific mode of existence: among the speech communication, between the dialogue with others, and so on. Human existence is interactive, conversational. Periphery Characteristics means that one looks at himself standing in the perspective of others. This concept is the foundation of intersubjectivity thought and methodology during Bach' s aesthetics and literature research. It means the other perspective. Its essence is to emphasize the aesthetic activities of different subjects, interactive dialogue. Intersubjectivity represents an aesthetic way, it shows a kind of communication and dialogue, which happens between different text (expression), between the authors, between the readers and the texts (including contem- porary readers and diachronic Texts), between the different national cultures, and so on.

  16. Uudised : Õhtusöök ̉ la J.S. Bach. Peeter Lilje mälestusfondist. Nana Mouskouri Tallinnas / Kerle Arula

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arula, Kerle

    2000-01-01

    19. nov. restoranis Balthasar toimuvast õhtusöögist koos Bachi muusikaga. P. Lilje nimelisest fondist interpretatsioonikunsti jäädvustamiseks. 22. nov. annab Kaarli kirikus heategevuskontserdi N. Mouskouri

  17. Transient extensional viscosity of polymer melts in the filament stretching rheometer. A. Bach, H. Bastian, M.H. Wagner, H.K. Rasmussen and O. Hassager

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Henrik Koblitz; Bach, Anders; Bastian, Heike

    2002-01-01

    In many polymer processing operations, the polymer molecules becomes highly elongated and the extensional viscosity becomes an inportant parameter in estimating properties during and after the process....

  18. Transient extensional viscosity of polymer melts in the filament stretching rheometer. A. Bach, H. Bastian, M.H. Wagner, H.K. Rasmussen and O. Hassager

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Henrik Koblitz; Bach, Anders; Bastian, Heike

    2002-01-01

    In many polymer processing operations, the polymer molecules becomes highly elongated and the extensional viscosity becomes an inportant parameter in estimating properties during and after the process....

  19. Viscosity overshoot followed by steady state measured in uni-axial elongation of LDPE. Ole Hassager, Henrik Koblitz Rasmussen, Anders Bach and Jens Kromann Nielsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Henrik Koblitz; Hassager, Ole; Bach, Anders

    2004-01-01

    The transient (e.g. start up of) elongational viscosity of three low-density polyethylene (LDPE) melts (BASF Lupolen 1810H, 1840D and 3020D) was measured using a filament stretching rheometer (FSR) capable of measuring at elevated temperatures. The transient uni-axial elongational viscosity showe...

  20. Gödel, Escher, Bach un'eterna ghirlanda brillante : una fuga metaforica su menti e macchine nello spirito di Lewis Carroll

    CERN Document Server

    Hofstadter, Douglas R

    1984-01-01

    Il libro che ha svelato a una immensa quantità di lettori, in tutto il mondo, gli incanti e le trappole di un’Eterna Ghirlanda Brillante i cui fili si chiamano intelligenza artificiale, macchina di Turing, teorema di Gödel. Una «fuga metaforica» nel variegato mondo che si dispiega fra la mente, il cervello e i computer

  1. The role of neighborhood characteristics in racial/ethnic disparities in type 2 diabetes: results from the Boston Area Community Health (BACH) Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piccolo, Rebecca S; Duncan, Dustin T; Pearce, Neil; McKinlay, John B

    2015-04-01

    Racial/ethnic disparities in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are well documented and until recently, research has focused almost exclusively on individual-based determinants as potential contributors to these disparities (health behaviors, biological/genetic factors, and individual-level socio-demographics). Research on the role of neighborhood characteristics in relation to racial/ethnic disparities in T2DM is very limited. Therefore, the aim of this research is to identify and estimate the contribution of specific aspects of neighborhoods that may be associated with racial/ethnic disparities in T2DM. Data from the Boston Area Community Health III Survey (N = 2764) was used in this study, which is a community-based random-sample survey of adults in Boston, Massachusetts from three racial/ethnic groups (Black, Hispanic, and White). We applied two-level random intercepts logistic regression to assess the associations between race/ethnicity, neighborhood characteristics (census tract socioeconomic status, racial composition, property and violent crime, open space, geographic proximity to grocery stores, convenience stores, and fast food, and neighborhood disorder) and prevalent T2DM (fasting glucose > 125 mg/dL, HbA1c ≥ 6.5%, or self-report of a T2DM diagnosis). Black and Hispanic participants had 2.89 times and 1.48 times the odds of T2DM as White participants, respectively. Multilevel models indicated a significant between-neighborhood variance estimate of 0.943, providing evidence of neighborhood variation. Individual demographics (race/ethnicity, age and gender) explained 22.3% of the neighborhood variability in T2DM. The addition of neighborhood-level variables to the model had very little effect on the magnitude of the racial/ethnic disparities and on the between-neighborhood variability. For example, census tract poverty explained less than 1% and 6% of the excess odds of T2DM among Blacks and Hispanics and only 1.8% of the neighborhood variance in T2DM. While the findings of this study overall suggest that neighborhood factors are not a major contributor to racial/ethnic disparities in T2DM, further research is needed including data from other geographic locations. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Muusikamaailm : Kuningliku Ooperi juhtkond paigas. "Vale of Glamorgani" festivalilt. Gergievi festival Rotterdamis. Les Arts Florissantsi 20 aastat. Menuhini mälestuskontsert Londonis. Tenor Alfredo Kraus surnud / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    Londoni Kuningliku Ooperi maja Covent Gardenis rekonstrueeritud, toimuvad avaüritused. Festivalist "Vale of Glamorgan". Rotterdami Filharmoonia Orkestri iga-aastasest festivalist, peadirigendiks V. Gergiev. Ansambli Les Arts Florissants 20. tegevusaasta tähistamisest. 6. nov. Londoni Royal Albert Hallis toimuvast Y. Menuhini mälestuskontserdist. A. Krausi elust ja tegevusest

  3. Taking the Lead in Patient Safety Thomas R Krause Taking the Lead in Patient Safety and John H Hidley Wiley 287pp £43.95 9780470225394 0470225394 [Formula: see text].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-11-26

    THE AUTHORS of this book argue that safety should be promoted for the benefit of staff as well as patients. This may not be a ground-breaking view but, if acted on, could entail a culture shift in the NHS.

  4. Utilizing Kraus operator to analysis the transformation of dens ity matrix of particles of ruby laser%运用Kraus算子分析红宝石激光器中离子密度矩阵元的演化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张登玉; 陈桥; 唐志祥

    2005-01-01

    红宝石激光器是一个三能级系统.本文基于Kraus算子理论 ,针对能级间同时存在吸收和辐射的情况,研讨密度矩阵元的演化特性.结果表明:在粒子分别以大概率从基态跃迁到第二激发态和从第二激发态辐射到第一激发态过程中形成粒子数反转,为产生激光作准备;在粒子以大概率从第一激发态辐射到基态时,产生激光.

  5. 振幅阻尼信道下两量子比特的联合Kraus算子表示%Quantum Kraus operators of two qubits for amplitude damping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨青; 甄秀兰; 杨名; 曹卓良

    2014-01-01

    振幅阻尼噪声存在于大量具有能量损失的真实量子比特系统中.利用两原子和单模腔共振相互作用的普遍模型,推导出振幅阻尼信道下两量子比特系统的联合Kraus算子表示.这为解决与量子信息处理相关的具体过程提供了有效方法,例如两量子比特纠缠分发和量子纠错.由于其普适性和计算的简便性,该方法还有助于解决很多实际的物理问题.

  6. Muusikamaailm : Kuningliku Ooperi juhtkond paigas. "Vale of Glamorgani" festivalilt. Gergievi festival Rotterdamis. Les Arts Florissantsi 20 aastat. Menuhini mälestuskontsert Londonis. Tenor Alfredo Kraus surnud / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    Londoni Kuningliku Ooperi maja Covent Gardenis rekonstrueeritud, toimuvad avaüritused. Festivalist "Vale of Glamorgan". Rotterdami Filharmoonia Orkestri iga-aastasest festivalist, peadirigendiks V. Gergiev. Ansambli Les Arts Florissants 20. tegevusaasta tähistamisest. 6. nov. Londoni Royal Albert Hallis toimuvast Y. Menuhini mälestuskontserdist. A. Krausi elust ja tegevusest

  7. Bladder Retraining

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... IC Epidemiology (RICE) Study Boston Area Community Health (BACH) Survey ICA Pilot Research Program Funding Opportunities Clinical ... IC Epidemiology (RICE) Study Boston Area Community Health (BACH) Survey ICA Pilot Research Program Funding Opportunities Clinical ...

  8. IC Treatment: Surgical Procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... IC Epidemiology (RICE) Study Boston Area Community Health (BACH) Survey ICA Pilot Research Program Funding Opportunities Clinical ... IC Epidemiology (RICE) Study Boston Area Community Health (BACH) Survey ICA Pilot Research Program Funding Opportunities Clinical ...

  9. Interstitial Cystitis and Diet

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... IC Epidemiology (RICE) Study Boston Area Community Health (BACH) Survey ICA Pilot Research Program Funding Opportunities Clinical ... IC Epidemiology (RICE) Study Boston Area Community Health (BACH) Survey ICA Pilot Research Program Funding Opportunities Clinical ...

  10. IC Treatment: Antihistamines

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... IC Epidemiology (RICE) Study Boston Area Community Health (BACH) Survey ICA Pilot Research Program Funding Opportunities Clinical ... IC Epidemiology (RICE) Study Boston Area Community Health (BACH) Survey ICA Pilot Research Program Funding Opportunities Clinical ...

  11. Men and IC

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... IC Epidemiology (RICE) Study Boston Area Community Health (BACH) Survey ICA Pilot Research Program Funding Opportunities Clinical ... IC Epidemiology (RICE) Study Boston Area Community Health (BACH) Survey ICA Pilot Research Program Funding Opportunities Clinical ...

  12. IC: Frequently Asked Questions

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... IC Epidemiology (RICE) Study Boston Area Community Health (BACH) Survey ICA Pilot Research Program Funding Opportunities Clinical ... IC Epidemiology (RICE) Study Boston Area Community Health (BACH) Survey ICA Pilot Research Program Funding Opportunities Clinical ...

  13. Hunner's Ulcers

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... IC Epidemiology (RICE) Study Boston Area Community Health (BACH) Survey ICA Pilot Research Program Funding Opportunities Clinical ... IC Epidemiology (RICE) Study Boston Area Community Health (BACH) Survey ICA Pilot Research Program Funding Opportunities Clinical ...

  14. Probation review for lecturer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mattsson, Jan

    Head of the School of Management and Business Kings College, University of London Professor Stephen Bach......Head of the School of Management and Business Kings College, University of London Professor Stephen Bach...

  15. 78 FR 19568 - Limited Service Exclusion for Household Goods Motor Carriers and Related Registration...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-01

    .... Example A Bach's Movers, a container company, advertises itself as ``The Lowest Cost Moving Option'' on its company Web site. The Web site has a link to ``XYZ Moving Helpers'' and recommends that Bach's... XYZ pays Bach's a 3 percent referral fee for every customer that contracts with XYZ after visiting...

  16. Determinants of Dieting Behavior and Eating Disorders in High School Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emmons, Lillian Miller

    This study examines the prevalence and intensity of dieting behavior and the development of eating disorders in a sample of 1269 high school students from ten schools in the Greater Cleveland area. The sample includes four race-sex groups: black and white male and female students. Differences in dieting behavior between these groups are examined and, within each race-sex group, dieters and non-dieters are compared to see whether they differ in such factors as current weight and personal weight history, parental weights, socioeconomic class, religion, birth order, exercise and personality factors such as self-esteem and eating disorder measures. Data were collected using both self-administered questionnaires and in-depth interviews with a subsample of students. The study documents a higher prevalence of dieting and purging behavior than has been reported in other research. Forty-one percent of both black and white males, 61 percent of black females, and 77 percent of white females dieted and many purged, particularly black females who tended to use laxatives and diuretics and white females and males who tended to use vomiting. Dieters and non -dieters differed significantly in past experience with being overweight and in their current weights. At the time of the study 20 to 30 percent of the dieters were classifiable as overweight. While black and white male dieters and non-dieters were in agreement about ideal body weight, white female dieters and non-dieters wanted considerably lower weights than black female dieters and non-dieters. Ethnicity, as determined by socioeconomic class and religion, was not significantly related to dieting behavior, nor was birth order, a familial factor. It appeared that pervasive cultural pressures to attain an ideal figure affected all race-sex groups and led large percentages of the students to diet, even many who were already underweight.

  17. Saarepaviljon ootab sünnipäevapidu : botaanikaaeda sirgus kuus sammast / Aime Jõgi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõgi, Aime, 1958-

    2008-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli botaanikaaeda ehitati kuue sambaga pargipaviljon. Projekti koostas ARC Projekt. Tiigi teisel kaldal asub 1807. aastal arhitekt Johann Wilhelm Krause projekteeritud hoone. Kommenteerib Heiki Tamm

  18. Saarepaviljon ootab sünnipäevapidu : botaanikaaeda sirgus kuus sammast / Aime Jõgi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõgi, Aime, 1958-

    2008-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli botaanikaaeda ehitati kuue sambaga pargipaviljon. Projekti koostas ARC Projekt. Tiigi teisel kaldal asub 1807. aastal arhitekt Johann Wilhelm Krause projekteeritud hoone. Kommenteerib Heiki Tamm

  19. Plaadisoovitus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest dieter Bohlen "Dieter", Neil Young "Living With War", "Hip Hop IV", Chris Isaak "Best Of", Tom Jones "Graetest Hits", juanes "Mi Sangre", The Poison "Bullet For My Valentine", "Metal For Masses", Pet Shop Boys "Fundamental", Prince "3121", gnarls Barkley "St Elsewhere" Hoobastank "Every Man For Himself"

  20. Eating Order: A 13-Week Trust Model Class for Dieting Casualties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Elizabeth G.

    2008-01-01

    Chronic dieting distorts eating behaviors and causes weight escalation. Desperation about losing weight results in pursuit of extreme weight loss measures. Instead of offering yet another diet, nutrition educators can teach chronic dieters (dieting casualties) to develop eating competence. Eating Order, a 13-week class for chronic dieters based on…

  1. Plaadisoovitus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest dieter Bohlen "Dieter", Neil Young "Living With War", "Hip Hop IV", Chris Isaak "Best Of", Tom Jones "Graetest Hits", juanes "Mi Sangre", The Poison "Bullet For My Valentine", "Metal For Masses", Pet Shop Boys "Fundamental", Prince "3121", gnarls Barkley "St Elsewhere" Hoobastank "Every Man For Himself"

  2. Similarities between Restrained Eaters and Bulimics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruderman, Audrey J.

    Little is known about the etiology of bulimia. However Polivy and Herman have hypothesized that dieting causes bulimia and that differences between dieters and bulimics are quantitative rather than qualitative. The purpose of this study was to examine these hypotheses and further examine the parallels between bulimics and dieters. Female college…

  3. The Comparative Study of Prelude in C Major by Bach and Prelude by Hindemith%巴赫《C大调前奏曲》与欣德米特《前奏曲》的比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈东

    2005-01-01

    约翰·塞巴斯蒂安·巴赫(Johann Sebastian Bach)是西方音乐史上的重要作曲家,他一生创作的大量音乐作品,已成为人类音乐文明的珍贵文献。其中的《平均律钢琴曲集》(The Welltempered Clavier),可以说是巴赫键盘音乐的代表作之一,集中体现了巴赫颠峰时期的创作水平,被音乐学家彪罗(Hans Guido Yon Bulow)誉为音乐中的《旧约全书》。在这部两卷本的钢琴曲集中,巴赫以精湛的复调写作技巧对24个大小调进行充分运用,

  4. Experimental Investigation of the End Plate Instability in the Extension of Polymer Melts in a Filament Stretch Rheometer. P.-Y. Longin, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Bach and O. Hassager

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Henrik Koblitz; Longin, Pierre-Yves; Bach, Anders

    2001-01-01

    We consider here a particular instability, an axis symmetry breaking meniscus instability, that occurs under certain conditions in the transient filament stretching apparatus near the endplates as the plates are separated. Spiegelberg and McKinley [1] investigated this instability development in ...

  5. Isolation and sequence analysis of chalcone synthase gene BaCHS from Brassica albograbra%芥蓝查尔酮合成酶基因BaCHS的克隆与序列分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋明; 苗立祥; 胡齐赞; 贺蔡明; 陈珍

    2009-01-01

    查尔酮合成酶基因是类黄酮生物合成途径的关键基因,在植物发育和逆境反应中起着重要作用.根据已发表的查尔酮合成酶基因序列设计全长引物,以芥蓝(Brassica albograbra)叶片基因组DNA和花蕾cDNA为模板,克隆到了芥蓝查尔酮合成酶基因全长序列,命名为BaCHS.该基因DNA全长为1 263 bp,具一个长度为75 bp的内含子,编码区长度为1 188 bp,编码395个氨基酸.序列比对结果表明,BaCHS基因编码的氨基酸序列与其他十字花科植物之间的同源性很高,仅存在个别氨基酸残基的差别.

  6. Pump used as a turbine (PAT) with flow control - Part 4: Sizing the new spiral casing; Petites centrales hydrauliques. Pompe fonctionnant en turbine avec reglage du debit (Pat-Francis). 4eme partie: dimensionnement et construction de la bache spirale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chapallaz, J.-M.

    2007-02-15

    This fourth and final part of a final report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) discusses the use of a pump equipped with variable guide vanes, similar to a Francis turbine. This fourth part of a four-part article deals with the selection of a pump and describes the general lay-out of the new spiral casing to be adapted for use in the PAT-Francis turbine. The parameters to be taken into account are looked at and calculation examples are presented. Proposals for a simplified construction are examined.

  7. Growth of non-axisymmetric disturbances of the free surface in the filament stretching rheometer: experiments and simulation. Bach, A.; Rasmussen, H.K.; Longin, P.-Y.; Hassager, O

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Henrik Koblitz; Bach, Anders; Longin, Pierre-Yves

    2002-01-01

    A filament stretching rheometer has been equipped with a bottom plate with a number of equally distributed perturbations of the circular rim. The temporal development of the resulting disturbance of the meniscus is followed with video recording and with simulations. At high strain rates the surface...

  8. Experimental Investigation of the End Plate Instability in the Extension of Polymer Melts in a Filament Stretch Rheometer. P.-Y. Longin, H. K. Rasmussen, A. Bach and O. Hassager

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Henrik Koblitz; Longin, Pierre-Yves; Bach, Anders

    2001-01-01

    We consider here a particular instability, an axis symmetry breaking meniscus instability, that occurs under certain conditions in the transient filament stretching apparatus near the endplates as the plates are separated. Spiegelberg and McKinley [1] investigated this instability development in ...

  9. Growth of non-axisymmetric disturbances of the free surface in the filament stretching rheometer: experiments and simulation. Bach, A.; Rasmussen, H.K.; Longin, P.-Y.; Hassager, O

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Henrik Koblitz; Bach, Anders; Longin, Pierre-Yves

    2002-01-01

    A filament stretching rheometer has been equipped with a bottom plate with a number of equally distributed perturbations of the circular rim. The temporal development of the resulting disturbance of the meniscus is followed with video recording and with simulations. At high strain rates the surfa...

  10. Epigenetic silencing of BTB and CNC homology 2 and concerted promoter CpG methylation in gastric cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haam, Keeok; Kim, Hee-Jin; Lee, Kyung-Tae; Kim, Jeong-Hwan; Kim, Mirang; Kim, Seon-Young; Noh, Seung-Moo; Song, Kyu-Sang; Kim, Yong Sung

    2014-09-01

    BTB and CNC homology 2 (BACH2) is a lymphoid-specific transcription factor with a prominent role in B-cell development. Genetic polymorphisms within a single locus encoding BACH2 are associated with various autoimmune diseases and allergies. In this study, restriction landmark genomic scanning revealed methylation at a NotI site in a CpG island covering the BACH2 promoter in gastric cancer cell lines and primary gastric tumors. Increased methylation of the BACH2 promoter was observed in 52% (43/83) of primary gastric tumors, and BACH2 hypermethylation was significantly associated with decreased gene expression. Treatment with 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine and/or trichostatin. A restored BACH2 expression in BACH2-silenced gastric cancer cell lines, and knockdown of BACH2 using short hairpin RNA (i.e. RNA interference) increased cell proliferation in gastric cancer cells. Clinicopathologic data showed that decreased BACH2 expression occurred significantly more frequently in intestinal-type (27/44, 61%) compared with diffuse-type (13/50, 26%) gastric cancers (P<0.001). Furthermore, BACH2 promoter methylation paralleled that of previously identified targets, such as LRRC3B, LIMS2, PRKD1 and POPDC3, in a given set of gastric tumors. We propose that concerted methylation in many promoters plays a role in accelerating gastric tumor formation and that methylated promoter loci may be targets for therapeutic treatment, such as the recently introduced technique of epigenetic editing.

  11. Restaurant eating in nonpurge binge-eating women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timmerman, Gayle M

    2006-11-01

    This study describes restaurant-eating behaviors for nonpurge binge-eating women in comparison to dieters. Restaurant-eating behaviors were determined from a content analysis of 14-day food diaries using a convenience sample of 71 women who reported binging without purging and 46 dieters without a recent binge history. Comparing bingers to dieters, there were no significant differences in frequency of eating out, dessert consumption at restaurants, or fast food eating. Bingers more often perceived restaurant eating to be uncontrolled and excessive. Both bingers and dieters consumed significantly more calories (226-253 kcal) and fat (10.4-16.0 gm) on restaurant days. Extra calories consumed on restaurant-eating days may contribute to weight gain over time, especially with frequent restaurant eating. Restaurants may present a high-risk food environment for bingers and dieters, contributing to loss of control and excess consumption.

  12. Fulfilling Dreams: Transitions into an ECE Online Preservice Teacher Education Degree

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Pauline

    2009-01-01

    There is increased attention on the first year experience at universities generally as a result of the Australian federal government's focus on increased accountability for universities and widening participation in further education (DEST, 2003; Jardine & Krause, 2005; Kift, 2005; Krause, Hartley, James & McInnes, 2005). However, these…

  13. Differential analysis of matrix convex functions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Frank; Tomiyama, Jun

    2007-01-01

    We analyze matrix convex functions of a fixed order defined in a real interval by differential methods as opposed to the characterization in terms of divided differences given by Kraus [F. Kraus, Über konvekse Matrixfunktionen, Math. Z. 41 (1936) 18-42]. We obtain for each order conditions for ma...

  14. The Effects of Incentives on Recruiter Productivity

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-01

    recruiter. (after Samuelson , Kraus, Reese, Moskowitz, 2006, p. 13). ...................................................................................3...sailors to volunteer for recruiting duty. However, these incentives lack the endurance to successively motivate recruiters. Samuelson et al.’s (2006...productivity between 12 and 18 months ( Samuelson , Kraus, Reese, & Moskowitz, 2006). The drop-off in productivity after their peak (with usually more than half

  15. Sparse Representation for Time-Series Classification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-08

    Comput. Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), pp. 4114–4121 (2014). 18. J. Mairal, F. Bach , A. Zisserman, and G. Sapiro. Supervised dictionary learn...ing. In Advances Neural Inform. Process. Syst. (NIPS), pp. 1033–1040 (2008). 19. J. Mairal, F. Bach , and J. Ponce, Task-driven dictionary learning...Series Classification 17 compressive sensing, SISC. 33(1), 250–278 (2011). 41. J. Mairal, F. Bach , J. Ponce, and G. Sapiro, Online dictionary learning for

  16. Operational Based Vision Assessment Automated Vision Test Collection User Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-15

    in previous research ( Bach , Schmitt, Kromeier, & Kommerell, 2001). Providing an opportunity to practice is recommended to achieve more stable results...to another computer-based stereo acuity test described in previous research ( Bach , Schmitt, Kromeier, & Kommerell, 2001). Providing an opportunity...Distribution is unlimited. Cleared, 88PA, Case # 2017-2802, 6 Jun 2017. 8.0 REFERENCES Bach M, Schmitt C, Kromeier M, Kommerell G. The

  17. Varied Human Tolerance to the Combined Conditions of Low Contrast and Diminished Luminance: A Quasi-Meta Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-08-30

    no scotopic CA data available for larger population comparisons until February 2016 (Bartholomew, Lad, Cao, Bach , & Cirulli, 2016) in which data...Böhringer, Bach , Reinhard, and Birnbaum (2014). A prospective data analysis followed ten patients who received bifocal intraocular lenses, and ten...Progress in Retinal and Eye Research, 19(6), 711–777. Anton, A., Böhringer, D., Bach , M., Reinhard, T., & Birnbaum, F. (2014). Contrast sensitivity

  18. BPW:靠服务赢得市场——访BPW售后服务总监Stefan Oelhafen和客户服务经理Hartmut Kraus%Good Service Earned Market——Interviewed With Stefan Oelhafen, After-sales Manager and Harmut Krau, Costumer Service Manager

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宁文祥

    2010-01-01

    @@ 德国BPW公司拥有超过百年的历史,是世界上最大的车轴生产厂家之一.服务一直是BPW最看中的环节.借这次德国汉诺威商用车展之机,该公司的售后服务总监Stefan Oelhafen和客户服务经理Hartmut Kraus接受了德国KFZ-Anzeiger杂志的采访.

  19. Krause入路和Poppen入路对松果体区显露及损伤程度的解剖学对比研究%Comparative anatomical study of the exposure extent and injury severity to the pineal region through Krause and Poppen approaches

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋思新; 潘亚文; 许武; 段磊; 赵贤军; 赵志勇

    2010-01-01

    目的 定量比较Krause入路(经幕下小脑上入路)和Poppen入路(枕下经小脑幕入路)对松果体区的显露及损伤情况.方法 对6具成年国人头颈部湿性标本,模拟常规Krause入路和Poppen入路的手术操作,每个手术步骤完成后,用Horgan方法计算出显露面积,按Ammirati标准对两种手术入路显露松果体区的程度进行评分比较,同时对两种手术入路的损伤程度进行评分比较.结果 Krause入路和Poppen入路的显露程度评分均为2分,显露面积分别为(1 298.07±64.67)和(1 041.10±50.23)mm2,损伤程度评分分别为(4.5±0.6)和(6.3±0.7)分;两组比较,经t检验,均P<0.01.结论 Krause入路和Poppen入路均能达到对松果体区的有效显露,但Krause入路显露面积明显大于后者,且损伤程度更小.

  20. Network of mutually repressive metastasis regulators can promote cell heterogeneity and metastatic transitions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balazsi, Gabor; Kim, Eun-Jin; Rosner, Marsha

    2014-03-01

    The sources and consequences of nongenetic variability in metastatic progression are largely unknown. To address these questions, we characterize the transcriptional regulatory network around the metastasis suppressor Raf Kinase Inhibitory Protein (RKIP). It was previously shown that RKIP negatively regulates the transcription factor BACH1, which promotes breast cancer metastasis. Here we demonstrate that BACH1 acts in a double negative (overall positive) feedback loop to inhibit RKIP transcription in breast cancer cells. BACH1 also negatively regulates its own transcription. Analysis of the RKIP-BACH1 network reveals the existence of an inverse relationship between BACH1 and RKIP involving both monostable and bistable transitions between ``low BACH1, high RKIP'' and ``high BACH1, low RKIP'' cellular states that can potentially give rise to nongenetic variability. Single cell analysis confirmed the antagonistic relationship between RKIP and BACH1, and showed cell line-dependent signatures consistent with bistable behavior. Together, our results suggest that the mutually repressive relationship between metastatic regulators such as RKIP and BACH1 can play a key role in determining metastatic progression in cancer. This work was supported by NIH/NIGMS grant R01GM106027.

  1. Department of Defense Law of War Manual (June 2015, Updated December 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-13

    Jan. 10, 1973 (“ Bach Mai Hospital, outside Hanoi, appears to have replaced North Vietnam’s inconveniently intact dike systems as Exhibit A in the...Communist propaganda campaign to convict the United States of war crimes, atrocities and what is called ‘terror bombing.’ Bach Mai, or what is left of...hospital lies just across the road from Bach Mai Airfield, one of North Vietnam’s most important military airdromes. Within a few hundred yards of Bach

  2. A Parallel Approach in Computing Correlation Immunity up to Six Variables

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-07-24

    andersm2@union.edu Eric Bach Computer Sciences Department, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, U.S.A.; bach @cs.wisc.edu Jon T. Butler ECE...INSTRUCTION FILE CorImm 2 C. Etherington, M. A. Anderson, E. Bach , J. T. Butler, P. Stănică 1. Introduction The correlation immunity of a Boolean function...Etherington, M. A. Anderson, E. Bach , J. T. Butler, P. Stănică (resiliency) k but not k + 1, we will describe such a function as exact correlation

  3. Dieting and food craving. A descriptive, quasi-prospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massey, Anna; Hill, Andrew J

    2012-06-01

    Evidence linking food restriction and food craving is equivocal. This study investigated whether dieting was associated with a greater frequency of food craving. Dieting to lose weight was distinguished from watching so as not to gain weight. Participants were 129 women (mean age=41 yrs): 52 were currently dieting to lose weight, 40 were watching their weight, and 37 were non-dieters. They completed a food craving record after every food craving, a food diary, and a daily mood assessment over 7-days. Of the 393 craving incidents recorded, dieters experienced significantly more food cravings than non-dieters, with watchers intermediate. Chocolate was the most craved food (37% of cravings) but neither the types of food, the proportion of cravings leading to eating (∼70%), the situations in which cravings occurred, nor the time since the last eating episode differed between groups. Compared with non-dieters, dieters experienced stronger cravings that were more difficult to resist, and for foods they were restricting eating. Watchers showed similarities in experience both to dieters (low hunger) and non-dieters (lower craving intensity). These results support an association between dieting and food craving, the usefulness of distinguishing dieting to lose weight and watching, and suggest a need for further experimental investigation of actual food restriction on food craving experiences.

  4. Patterns of Weight Control Behavior among 15 year old Girls

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balantekin, Katherine N.; Birch, Leann L.; Savage, Jennifer S.

    2015-01-01

    Objective The objectives were to identify and predict patterns of weight control behavior in 15 year old (yo) girls and to examine weight control group differences in energy intake. Method Subjects included 166 girls assessed every 2 years (ys) from age 5 to 15. Latent class analysis was used to identify patterns of weight control behaviors. Antecedent variables (e.g. inhibitory control at 7ys), and concurrent variables (e.g. BMI and dietary intake at 15ys) were included as predictors. Assessments were a combination of survey, interview, and laboratory measures. Results LCA identified four classes of weight control behaviors, Non-dieters (26%), and three dieting groups: Lifestyle (16%), Dieters (43%), and Extreme Dieters (17%). Levels of restraint, weight concerns, and dieting frequency increased across groups, from Non-dieters to Extreme Dieters. BMI at 5ys and inhibitory control at 7ys predicted weight control group at 15ys; e.g. with every one-point decrease in inhibitory control, girls were twice as likely to be Extreme Dieters than Non-dieters. Girls in the Extreme Dieters group were mostly classified as under-reporters, and had the lowest self-reported intake, but ate significantly more in the laboratory. Discussion Among 15yo girls, “dieting” includes a range of both healthy and unhealthy behaviors. Risk factors for membership in a weight control groups are present as early as 5ys. Patterns of intake in the laboratory support the view that lower reported energy intake by Extreme Dieters is likely due under-reporting as an intent to decrease intake, not actual decreased intake. PMID:26284953

  5. Frequent downregulation of BTB and CNC homology 2 expression in Epstein-Barr virus-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noujima-Harada, Mai; Takata, Katsuyoshi; Miyata-Takata, Tomoko; Sakurai, Hiroaki; Igarashi, Kazuhiko; Ito, Etsuro; Nagakita, Keina; Taniguchi, Kohei; Ohnishi, Nobuhiko; Omote, Shizuma; Tabata, Tetsuya; Sato, Yasuharu; Yoshino, Tadashi

    2017-05-01

    Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common B-cell lymphoma subtype, and the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive subtype of DLBCL is known to show a more aggressive clinical behavior than the EBV-negative one. BTB and CNC homology 2 (BACH2) has been highlighted as a tumor suppressor in hematopoietic malignancies; however, the role of BACH2 in EBV-positive DLBCL is unclear. In the present study, BACH2 expression and its significance were studied in 23 EBV-positive and 43 EBV-negative patient samples. Immunohistochemistry revealed BACH2 downregulation in EBV-positive cases (P < 0.0001), although biallelic deletion of BACH2 was not detected by FISH. Next, we analyzed the contribution of BACH2 negativity to aggressiveness in EBV-positive B-cell lymphomas using FL-18 (EBV-negative) and FL-18-EB cells (FL-18 sister cell line, EBV-positive). In BACH2-transfected FL-18-EB cells, downregulation of phosphorylated transforming growth factor-β-activated kinase 1 (pTAK1) and suppression in p65 nuclear fractions were observed by Western blot analysis contrary to non-transfected FL-18-EB cells. In patient samples, pTAK1 expression and significant nuclear p65, p50, and p52 localization were detected immunohistochemically in BACH2-negative DLBCL (P < 0.0001, P = 0.006, and P = 0.001, respectively), suggesting that BACH2 downregulation contributes to constitutive activation of the nuclear factor-κB pathway through TAK1 phosphorylation in BACH2-negative DLBCL (most EBV-positive cases). Although further molecular and pathological studies are warranted to clarify the detailed mechanisms, downregulation of BACH2 may contribute to constitutive activation of the nuclear factor-κB pathway through TAK1 activation. © 2017 The Authors. Cancer Science published by John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd on behalf of Japanese Cancer Association.

  6. Vitamin D Supplementation for Prevention of Post-Traumatic Osteoarthritis: Evaluation in Animal and Clinical Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-25

    Lateral epicondylitis: review and current concepts., J Hand Surg Am 32: 1271-1279, 2007. 14. Sobky K, Baldini T, Thomas K, Bach J, Williams A, Wolf...Meeting, September 9-11, 2004, New York, New York. (poster) 15. Wolf JM, Sobky K, Baldini T, Thomas K, Bach J: Biomechanical comparison of different

  7. Applying Bioaugmentation to Treat DNAPL Sources in Fractured Rock

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-27

    Micronutrients also may be needed, which can be supplied by amending with yeast extract ( Bach et al. 2005). Additional co-factors, such as vitamin...measurement of groundwater and contaminant fluxes. Environ. Sci. Technol. 39, 7194-7201. Bach , Q.-D., Kim, S.J., Choi, S.C., Oh, Y.-S. 2005

  8. Euroopa avastab Eestit / Lauri Hermann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hermann, Lauri, 1980-

    2004-01-01

    Saksa telekanal ZDF näitas 8. aprillil reportaaži 10 Euroopa Liiduga liituvast riigist "Muinasjutt saab tõeks". Eestist jutustas ka dokumentaalfilm "Dieter Kronzucker : Europas Neue Grenze" telekanalil N24

  9. 57. Baltisches Historikertreffen : vom 5. bis 6. Juni 2004 in Göttingen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    57. balti ajaloolaste kohtumisel 5.-6. juunini 2004 esinesid ettekannetega Erki Tammiksaar, Tiit Rosenberg, Olaf Mertelsmann, Klaus Neitmann, Matthias Thumsen, Ilgvars Misans, Henrik Bolte, Thomas Brück, Juhan Kreem, Dieter Heckmann, Stefan Hartmann. Ettekannete kokkuvõtted

  10. Die Maschine konnte erstes Licht ins dunkle Universum bringen

    CERN Multimedia

    Hartmeier, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Rolf-Dieter Heuer, Director General of CERN, is the main speaker at the "Tages-Anzeiger" meeting today. With the most complicated accelerator, which was ever designed, CERN physicists want to find how the universe is built. (3 pages)

  11. Philosophische Begleitung für Suche nach «Gottesteilchen»

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    Berlin (AP) Der designierte Generaldirektor des europäischen Zentrums für Teilchenphysik CERN in Genf, Rolf-Dieter Heuer, will die Suche nach dem mysteriösen Higgs-Teilchen philosophisch begleiten lassen.

  12. relapse in adiposity of type 2 diabetes patients following withdrawa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    The adiposity variables measured in both phases of the study include: body mass index (BMI) ... hard part of obesity treatment for most dieters (Craig,. 2007). The age of ..... pupil size on image quality in digital photographic retinal screening.

  13. Luuleline asu-andmine ja loov kehtestamine / Eduard Parhomenko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parhomenko, Eduard

    2007-01-01

    Saksakeelsest mõistest "Stiftung". Martin Heidegger Freidrich Hölderlini luulest. Sisaldab katkendeid Viivi Luige esseedest, Friedrich Nietzcshe, Dieter Heinrichi ja Martin Heideggeri töödest ning Friedrich Hölderlini loomingust

  14. Viini valss, Salzburgi oktett ja idamaine soolo / Jüri Hain

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hain, Jüri, 1941-

    2005-01-01

    Austria kunstnike näitused Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus: "Vaade Viini linnale. Topograafiline tajumus", "Salzburgi kunstimaastikud" (kuraator Peter Rieder), "Dieter Josef. Litograafia kui sõnum". Avatud kuni 4. XII

  15. Matilda: realismo y satira en la obra de Dahl

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Del Fresno Fernandez, Mercedes

    2009-01-01

    .... Tal y como afirma Dieter Petzold, no es una obra realista, sino que, como todas las otras historias de Dahl, es un cuento de hadas tradicional combinado con cierta dosis de realismo, bastante satira y mucha exageracion...

  16. Dieting in bulimia nervosa is associated with increased food restriction and psychopathology but decreased binge eating.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowe, Michael R; Witt, Ashley A; Grossman, Stephanie L

    2013-08-01

    The cognitive behavioral model of bulimia nervosa (BN) suggests that dieting is central to the maintenance of binge eating. However, correlational and experimental studies suggest that additional clarification is needed about the nature of this relationship. Dieting, weight, eating disorder psychopathology, and depression were assessed at admission among 166 patients with BN presenting for residential treatment. As in past research, a significant fraction (43%) of patients with BN reported not currently dieting. A comparison of weight loss dieters and non-dieters found greater food restriction and eating disorder psychopathology among weight loss dieters. However, dieters reported less frequent binge eating. There were no significant group differences in depression. Results suggest that 1) while many individuals with BN are attempting to restrict their food intake, the goal of losing weight fundamentally alters the effect of such restriction on binge eating, and 2) treatment may benefit from helping patients to establish a healthier approach to achieving long-term weight stability. © 2013.

  17. 76 FR 7907 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-11

    ... GILLIAN ADDY PETER D. ADVANI SUNAINA AFFONSO ANA C AFFONSO LUIZ GUILHERME AGATI JEAN-PHILLIPPE AHMED JAVED... ELIZA JANE BRYNE SILJE BJARKAAS BUCHEN-OSMOND CORNELIA BURCKHARDT DANIEL DIETER CEFALI FRANK ANTHONY CHA...

  18. Luuleline asu-andmine ja loov kehtestamine / Eduard Parhomenko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parhomenko, Eduard

    2007-01-01

    Saksakeelsest mõistest "Stiftung". Martin Heidegger Freidrich Hölderlini luulest. Sisaldab katkendeid Viivi Luige esseedest, Friedrich Nietzcshe, Dieter Heinrichi ja Martin Heideggeri töödest ning Friedrich Hölderlini loomingust

  19. Council appoints CERN’s next Director General

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2007-01-01

    On 14 December 2007, CERN Council appointed Professor Rolf-Dieter Heuer to succeed Dr Robert Aymar as CERN Director General. Professor Heuer will serve a five-year term, taking office on 1 January 2009. From Left to right: Dr Robert Aymar, current CERN Director General, Professor Torsten Åkesson, President of CERN Council, and Professor Rolf-Dieter Heuer, CERN's next Director General.

  20. Operation IVY, Pacific Proving Grounds, November 1952. Project 11.5. Radiobiological Studies at Eniwetok before and after Mike Shot

    Science.gov (United States)

    1953-06-01

    Table 4.15—RADIOCHEMICAL ANALYSES OF SOILS AND PLANTS, POSTSHOT* Fission Soil Engebi plants product Rigili Rojoa Runit Engebi Triumfetta Sedge Cerium...Krause Family Dacromycetaceae Agariceae Agariceae Agariceae Physiciaceae Pandanaceae Taccaceae Poaeceae Cyperaceae Palmaceae Lauraceae

  1. Oma aja laps / Tiina-Mall Kreem

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kreem, Tiina-Mall

    2005-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli kiriku ehitusplaanidest 19. sajandi kohalikus ja rahvusvahelises kontekstis. Arhitektide Johann Wilhelm Krause, Moritz Hermann Jacobi (1801-1874), David Olltoffi (Oltow), Karl Rathhausi jt. plaanidest

  2. Oma aja laps / Tiina-Mall Kreem

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kreem, Tiina-Mall

    2005-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli kiriku ehitusplaanidest 19. sajandi kohalikus ja rahvusvahelises kontekstis. Arhitektide Johann Wilhelm Krause, Moritz Hermann Jacobi (1801-1874), David Olltoffi (Oltow), Karl Rathhausi jt. plaanidest

  3. "Lapsehoidja päevikud" - kättemaks tööandjale / Triin Tael

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tael, Triin

    2007-01-01

    Emma McLaughlin ja Nicola Kraus kirjutasid oma lapsehoidjatena töötamise kogemustest raamatu "Lapsehoidja päevikud". Filmi ekraaniversioon on režissööridelt Shari Springer Berman ja Robert Pulcini

  4. "Lapsehoidja päevikud" - kättemaks tööandjale / Triin Tael

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tael, Triin

    2007-01-01

    Emma McLaughlin ja Nicola Kraus kirjutasid oma lapsehoidjatena töötamise kogemustest raamatu "Lapsehoidja päevikud". Filmi ekraaniversioon on režissööridelt Shari Springer Berman ja Robert Pulcini

  5. Digital compilation bedrock geologic map of the Warren quadrangle, Vermont

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — Digital Data from VG95-4A Walsh, GJ, Haydock, S, Prewitt, J, Kraus, J, Lapp, E, O'Loughlin, S, and Stanley, RS, 1995, Digital compilation bedrock geologic map of the...

  6. 36. eesti politseipataljoni võitleja keerukas sõduritee / Toomas Kümmel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kümmel, Toomas

    2002-01-01

    Richard Kraus teenis 36. eesti politseipataljonis. Väidetavalt osales eestlastest koosnev 36. politseipataljon augustis 1942 Novogrudokis toime pandud juutide massimõrvas. Vt. ka: art. "Eesti politseipataljonid sõjas"

  7. Well-posedness of the limiting equation of a noisy consensus model in opinion dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chazelle, Bernard; Jiu, Quansen; Li, Qianxiao; Wang, Chu

    2017-07-01

    This paper establishes the global well-posedness of the nonlinear Fokker-Planck equation for a noisy version of the Hegselmann-Krause model. The equation captures the mean-field behavior of a classic multiagent system for opinion dynamics. We prove the global existence, uniqueness, nonnegativity and regularity of the weak solution. We also exhibit a global stability condition, which delineates a forbidden region for consensus formation. This is the first nonlinear stability result derived for the Hegselmann-Krause model.

  8. Pressure and Temperature Studies of Glass Properties Related to Vibrational Spectra.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-12-01

    12] C.R. Kurkjian and 3.?. Krause, 3. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 49, 134 (1966). 4’ I[13] D.H. Chung, D.J. Silversmith , and B.B. Chick, Rev. Sci. Instr. 40...Chung, D.H., Silversmith , D.J., Chick, B.B., Rev. Sci. Instr., 40, 718 (1969). 11. Kurkjian, C.R., Krause, J.T., J. Amer. Ceram Soc., 9, 134 (1966). 12

  9. 《"BACH解密"》节选(六)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵晓生

    2009-01-01

    @@ 2."A-C"叠交 在"BACH"中,"BA"与"CH"均为小二度(大七度,排列可变),只有一个"A-C"为小二度.因此,当一个"BACH"音列在纵向叠置的各种可能性中,最普遍亦最易于实行,并取得和谐的和声效果的,必然是"AC"的纵向叠交,构成小三度音程.这是"BACH"音列最基础也是最普遍的纵向组合方式.

  10. Monosodium Luminol for Improving Brain Function in Gulf War Illness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-01

    whether administration of monosodium luminol-GVT (MSL-GVT, an antioxidant drug from Bach Pharma) in a rat model of Gulf war illness (GWI) would...antioxidant and anti-inflammatory drug monosodium luminol-GVT (MSL-GVT from Bach Pharma) for easing memory and mood dysfunction in a rat model of GWI...examine the efficacy of monosodium luminol-GVT (MSL-GVT from Bach Pharma) for alleviating mood and memory dysfunction in a rat model of GWI. The chosen

  11. United States Air Force Academy: A Bibliography 2011-2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-11-23

    Mendoza, Monica. "Mayor Bach Unveils Plan to Help Attract Tourism." The Gazette 2 July 2013: A1, A6. Print. 183. ---. " Colorado Springs to Seek...Business Journal (2 December 2011). Print. 680. Mendoza, Monica. "Mayor Bach Unveils Plan to Help Attract Tourism." The Gazette 2 July 2013: A1, A6...Leaders Award 312 B-52 Bomber 735 Babers, Alonzo (Gold Medal) 594 Bach , Steve 680 Bachler, David 341, 728 Baille, Amber 342-343, 481, 557, 697

  12. Operator-sum representation for bosonic Gaussian channels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ivan, J. Solomon; Sabapathy, Krishna Kumar; Simon, R. [Raman Research Institute, C. V. Raman Avenue, Sadashivanagar, Bangalore 560 080 (India); Optics and Quantum Information Group, The Institute of Mathematical Sciences, C.I.T. Campus, Tharamani, Chennai 600 113 (India)

    2011-10-15

    Operator-sum or Kraus representations for single-mode bosonic Gaussian channels are developed, and several of their consequences explored. The fact that the two-mode metaplectic operators acting as unitary purification of these channels do not, in their canonical form, mix the position and momentum variables is exploited to present a procedure which applies uniformly to all families in the Holevo classification. In this procedure the Kraus operators of every quantum-limited Gaussian channel can be simply read off from the matrix elements of a corresponding metaplectic operator. Kraus operators are employed to bring out, in the Fock basis, the manner in which the antilinear, unphysical matrix transposition map when accompanied by injection of a threshold classical noise becomes a physical channel, denoted D({kappa}) in the Holevo classification. The matrix transposition channels D({kappa}), D({kappa}{sup -1}) turn out to be a dual pair in the sense that their Kraus operators are related by the adjoint operation. The amplifier channel with amplification factor {kappa} and the beam-splitter channel with attenuation factor {kappa}{sup -1} turn out to be mutually dual in the same sense. The action of the quantum-limited attenuator and amplifier channels as simply scaling maps on suitable quasiprobabilities in phase space is examined in the Kraus picture. Consideration of cumulants is used to examine the issue of fixed points. The semigroup property of the amplifier and attenuator families leads in both cases to a Zeno-like effect arising as a consequence of interrupted evolution. In the cases of entanglement-breaking channels a description in terms of rank 1 Kraus operators is shown to emerge quite simply. In contradistinction, it is shown that there is not even one finite rank operator in the entire linear span of Kraus operators of the quantum-limited amplifier or attenuator families, an assertion far stronger than the statement that these are not entanglement

  13. 复调音乐与多声思维的培养——学习Bach《平均律钢琴曲集》的启示%Polyphony Music and Cultivation of Multi-Voice Thinking:A Case Study on Learning Bach's "Well-Tempered Clavier"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜恩云

    2012-01-01

    《平均律钢琴曲集》是Bach的经典之作,是音乐专业学习钢琴的人必须弹奏的曲目.学习《平均律钢琴曲集》,要对复调音乐作品产生的时代背景,创作意图,创作手法,作品的结构特性等方面有个较为全面的了解,才能领会作品的音乐风格和音乐特征.

  14. Comparison of Connotation and Style of Palestrina's "Pope Mass" and Bach's "Minor b Mass"%帕莱斯特里那《教皇弥撒曲》与巴赫《b小调弥撒曲》内涵风格比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱磊

    2015-01-01

    弥撒曲是西方音乐中十分重要的一种音乐体裁,作为基督教会在最重要的崇拜仪式中所使用的音乐,它伴随着教会的产生便已出现.在一千余年的发展历程中它的歌词文本基本保持不变,但大量的弥撒曲创作却各有特色;这些作品不仅反映了不同时期的基督教信仰方式以及音乐艺术形式的演变;更重要的是,通过它们我们还可以感受到作品所承载的时代人文精神.将弥撒曲作为研究对象,是了解西方音乐艺术以及文化精神的一个很好的切入点.

  15. MONTE-CARLO Simulations ``QUANTUM''-``NOISE'' POWER-SPECTRUM 0 =(F =ma) =0 Uniform-Velocity Pareto/Red/Beethoven-Law VS 0 ≠(F =ma) ≠0 Uniform-Acceleration/Deceleration/Bremsstrahlung Archimedes-(Euclid-Descartes)-Zipf/Pink/Flicker/Bach-Law UNIVERSALITY INEVITABILITY!!!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Louis, T. T. L.; Siegel, Edward Carl-Ludwig; Young, Frederic; Smith, Adolph

    2013-03-01

    Dynamics vs usual by-rote kinematics treatment/lack of understanding, via Siegel[AIP Shock-Physics Confs. Chicago(2011); Seattle(2013)] simple classical-mechanics/dynamics simple-insights]-Panofsky-Phillips[E&M (1960s)],of Monte Carlo[Kaplan et.al.[PRL 107, 201601 (11)]:'''Noise', Sign-Problems & Statistics'']-simulations' {Hamersley-Handscombe, Monte Carlo Methods, Methuen(64-75)}``noises'' power-spectra{SEMINAL Montroll [(60s-80s)}-Boccara[ ``Modeling'' ``Complex''-Sys.(02)-ch.-8/p.-311]-West et.al.[Physics of Fractal-Operators, Springer(00)]-Shlesinger-Lindenberg-Handel-van Vliet-Jonscher-Ngai-...-Siegel[Schrodinger Symp., Imperial-College (1987);Copenhagen-Onterp. 50-Yrs. After Como-Lect.,Symp.Fdns.Mod.Phys., Joensu(87)]}, in the light of Siegel[MRS Fall-Mtgs. Boston: Symp. Fractals(89)-5-papers!!!; Symp. Scaling(90); Symp.Transport in Geometric-Constraints(90)] power-law decay algebraicity vs. white/flat/functionless [analogous to Fokker-Planck-eqn. two-terms Dichotomy, relatively: static/non-diffusive vs diffusive!!!] but dimensionality-dependence: first-odd-integer Z vs. first-even-integer Z: 2-D bulk-region -area - dominated constant

  16. Prevalence and correlates of chronic dieting in a multi-ethnic U.S. community sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cachelin, F M; Regan, P C

    2006-06-01

    Despite the increasing rates of obesity in the U.S. and corresponding rise in weight-related concerns among men and women in all ethnic groups, most research in the U.S. has been conducted using white female samples. This study explored the prevalence and correlates of chronic dieting (high levels of dietary restraint) among a U.S. communitybased sample of Hispanic, Asian, Black, and White women and men (N=1257). Chronic dieting was more common among women than men, and less common among Asians than other ethnic groups. Across the total sample, dietary restraint was positively correlated with weight history, disordered eating attitudes, distorted body experiences, and depression, and was negatively correlated with self-esteem. Female chronic dieters showed the highest degree of disturbance; compared with female non-dieters (and male chronic dieters), they reported lower self-esteem, higher depression, and more disordered eating attitudes. As hypothesized, they also exhibited a higher degree of acculturation to Anglo-American society. Male chronic dieters had more disordered eating attitudes and experienced greater body distortion than male non-dieters. Interestingly, these results were not moderated by ethnicity. Although the prevalence of chronic dieting differs among ethnic groups living in the U.S., the psychological characteristics related to eating and weight appear similar for individuals who diet, irrespective of ethnicity.

  17. Dietary restraint, life satisfaction and self-discrepancy by gender in university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berta Schnettler

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to characterize dieting and non-dieting university students by gender, based on their satisfaction with life and their food-related life, self-discrepancy, food behavior and health-related aspects. A non-probabilistic sample of 305 students from five Chilean state universities responded a questionnaire that included the Revised Restraint Scale, the Satisfaction with Life Scale, the Satisfaction with Food-related Life Scale, the Health-related Quality of Life Index, the Nutrition Interest Scale and the Self-Discrepancy Index. Socio-demographic characteristics, food behavior, and approximate weight and height were also enquired. Chronic dieters and non-dieters were distinguished according to the median score of the Revised Restraint Scale. 51.1% of women and 55.5% of men classified as chronic dieters, sharing characteristics such as nutrition concern, mental health problems, higher body mass index, and physical and economic self-discrepancy. Women dieters reported lower life satisfaction and satisfaction with food-related life, more health problems and health-related restriction of food, while men dieters showed higher social and emotional self-discrepancy.

  18. Rich Pickings: An Analysis of Opportunistic Behaviour at Rangitoto Island, Aotearoa/New Zealand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, Kurt; Fowler, Madeline

    2016-08-01

    Rangitoto Island, Aotearoa/New Zealand, is the location of a graveyard of abandoned vessels and three communities of baches (circa 1910s-1930s)—small and modest holiday homes. In 2014, an archival and archaeological investigation of 11 discarded watercraft located at Boulder Bay and the bach communities of Beacon End, Rangitoto Wharf and Islington Bay revealed evidence of salvage and reuse of abandoned vessel materials in the construction, modification and use of the island's baches. This evidence in turn provides insight into opportunistic behaviours of communities unassociated with the maritime industries that created ships' graveyards, and consequently affords a more well-rounded understanding of post-depositional site formation processes. Influenced by social and economic impacts, the Rangitoto Island bach communities' resourcefulness enhances our knowledge of behaviours towards ships as sources of material.

  19. Kaks paljast ja kaks riides meest / Kätlin Kaldmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaldmaa, Kätlin, 1970-

    2007-01-01

    18.-31. augustini Tallinnas Kanuti Gildi saalis toimunud Augusti tantsufestivali lavastustest : Frans Poelstra ja Robert Steijni "Frans Poelstra, his dramaturge and Bach" ja Jordi Cortési ja Damian Munozi "Hõõguvad söed"

  20. Pop / Lauri Tikerpe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tikerpe, Lauri

    2008-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Damian Jr. Gong Marley "Mr. Marley", Sebastian Bach "Angel Down", Stereophonics "Pull The Pin", Dahling "Dahling", Led Zeppelin "Mothership", Jack Penate "Matinee", Bugge Wesseltoft "Im", David Gray "Greatest Hits"

  1. Scientists find link between allergic and autoimmune diseases in mouse study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scientists at the National Institutes of Health, and their colleagues, have discovered that a gene called BACH2 may play a central role in the development of diverse allergic and autoimmune diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, asthma, Crohn's disease, ce

  2. Neuheiten

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Heliplaadil "Bach Vibrations. Andrei Pushkarev" kaastegev kammerorkester Kremerata Baltica, heliplaate "Jean Sibelius "Sinfonische Dichtungen" ja "Kapp Artur-Eugen-Villem/Orchestral Works/BBC Philharmonic" dirigeerib Neeme Järvi, heliplaadil "Mikrokosmos" ka Veljo Tormise muusika

  3. Stravinsky, Igor: Le Sacre du Printemps / Pierre-E. Barbier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Barbier, Pierre-E.

    1996-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Stravinsky, Igor: Le Sacre du Printemps. Requiem Canticles. Canticum sacrum. Variations sur un choral de Bach. Orchestre de la Suisse Romande, Neeme Järvi" Chandos CHAN 9 408, distribution Media 7 (SD:160F)

  4. Plaadid / Tiiu Laks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laks, Tiiu, 1984-

    2008-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Lightspeed Champion "Falling Off The Lavender Bridge", Sebastian Bach "Angel Down", Juanes "La Vida...", raadi Maria "Siin Tallinn", Erich Krieger "Live", Rock Hotel "Rock Hotel Rock Cafes"

  5. Regulated selection of germinal-center cells into the memory B cell compartment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shinnakasu, Ryo; Inoue, Takeshi; Kometani, Kohei; Moriyama, Saya; Adachi, Yu; Nakayama, Manabu; Takahashi, Yoshimasa; Fukuyama, Hidehiro; Okada, Takaharu; Kurosaki, Tomohiro

    2016-07-01

    Despite the importance of memory B cells in protection from reinfection, how such memory cells are selected and generated during germinal-center (GC) reactions remains unclear. We found here that light-zone (LZ) GC B cells with B cell antigen receptors (BCRs) of lower affinity were prone to enter the memory B cell pool. Mechanistically, cells in this memory-prone fraction had higher expression of the transcriptional repressor Bach2 than that of their counterparts with BCRs of higher affinity. Haploinsufficiency of Bach2 resulted in reduced generation of memory B cells, independently of suppression of the gene encoding the transcription factor Blimp-1. Bach2 expression in GC cells was inversely correlated with the strength of help provided by T cells. Thus, we propose an instructive model in which weak help from T cells maintains relatively high expression of Bach2, which predisposes GC cells to enter the memory pool.

  6. Ajattomuuden keidas / Harri Wessman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wessman, Harri

    1997-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Pärt, Arvo: Collage sur BACH. Fratres. Cantus in Memorium Benjamin Britten. Summa. Festina Lente. Tabula rasa. Tapiola Sinfonietta / Jean-Jacques Kantorow. Paavo Järvi". BIS-CD-834. 62:30 DDD

  7. Disease: H00263 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available and overlap with murine models. J Med Genet 39:804-6 (2002) PMID:11857542 Koenig R, Bach A, Woelki U, Grzesc...ion in acrocallosal syndrome: broadening the phenotypic spectrum of GLI3 defects

  8. Pop / Lauri Tikerpe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tikerpe, Lauri

    2008-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Damian Jr. Gong Marley "Mr. Marley", Sebastian Bach "Angel Down", Stereophonics "Pull The Pin", Dahling "Dahling", Led Zeppelin "Mothership", Jack Penate "Matinee", Bugge Wesseltoft "Im", David Gray "Greatest Hits"

  9. Välismaalt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Covent Garden pärast remonti; Porisse tahetakse rajada dzhässi ja rokimuuseumi; Bach ja Ameerika; Vene piirivalvevägedele oma hümn; muusikalide buum Saksamaal saab otsa; endised kuulsused surid detsembris

  10. Uudised

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Agentuuri Corelli Music ja Eesti Klavessiinisõprade Tsunfti korraldatavast klavessiinikontsertide sarjast "Ajaloo ilu - Johann Sebastian Bach" (avakontserdid 17. sept. Kadrioru lossis, 18. sept. Pärnu Eliisabeti kirikus)

  11. Muusika

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    EMA kammersaalis avatakse Veljo Tormise regilaulukeskus ja esitatakse DVDd "Tegelik regilaulmine". Agentuuri Corelli Music kontserdisarja "Ajaloo ilu - J. S. Bach" kontsertidest. Pille Lille Muusikute Toetusfond korraldab sarjas "Hingemuusika" Otepää Maarja kirikus kontserdi

  12. Ajaloo ilu klavessiinikontserdil / Kersti Inno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Inno, Kersti, 1954-

    2005-01-01

    Agentuuri Corelli Music ja Eesti Klavessiinisõprade Tsunfti korraldatavast klavessiinikontsertide sarjast "Ajaloo ilu - Johann Sebastian Bach" (avakontserdid 17. sept. Kadrioru lossis, 18. sept. Pärnu Eliisabeti kirikus)

  13. Välismaalt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Covent Garden pärast remonti; Porisse tahetakse rajada dzhässi ja rokimuuseumi; Bach ja Ameerika; Vene piirivalvevägedele oma hümn; muusikalide buum Saksamaal saab otsa; endised kuulsused surid detsembris

  14. Klavessiin on pill, mis portreteerib oma mängijat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Agentuuri Corelli Music ja Eesti Klavessiinisõprade Tsunfti korraldatavast klavessiinikontsertide sarjast "Ajaloo ilu - Johann Sebastian Bach" (kontserdid 17. sept. Kadrioru lossis, 18. sept. Pärnu Eliisabeti kirikus, 15. okt. Tartu Ülikooli aulas, 16. okt. Kadrioru lossis)

  15. Ajattomuuden keidas / Harri Wessman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wessman, Harri

    1997-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Pärt, Arvo: Collage sur BACH. Fratres. Cantus in Memorium Benjamin Britten. Summa. Festina Lente. Tabula rasa. Tapiola Sinfonietta / Jean-Jacques Kantorow. Paavo Järvi". BIS-CD-834. 62:30 DDD

  16. Kontserdijärgseid mõtteid / Niina Murdvee

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Murdvee, Niina, 1950-

    1999-01-01

    Ü. Kaadu esinemisest 29. aprillil Estonia kontserdisaalis. Kavas Tshaikovski Viiulikontsert. M. Mikalai ja O. Voronova ühiskontserdist 30.aprillil Tallinna raekojas. Kavas Bach, Debussy, Liszt, Eller ja Ravel

  17. A profile of mathematical logic

    CERN Document Server

    DeLong, Howard

    2012-01-01

    This introduction to mathematical logic explores philosophical issues and Gödel's Theorem. Its widespread influence extends to the author of Gödel, Escher, Bach, whose Pulitzer Prize-winning book was inspired by this work.

  18. Kaks paljast ja kaks riides meest / Kätlin Kaldmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaldmaa, Kätlin, 1970-

    2007-01-01

    18.-31. augustini Tallinnas Kanuti Gildi saalis toimunud Augusti tantsufestivali lavastustest : Frans Poelstra ja Robert Steijni "Frans Poelstra, his dramaturge and Bach" ja Jordi Cortési ja Damian Munozi "Hõõguvad söed"

  19. Plaadid / Tiiu Laks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laks, Tiiu, 1984-

    2008-01-01

    Uutest heliplaatidest Lightspeed Champion "Falling Off The Lavender Bridge", Sebastian Bach "Angel Down", Juanes "La Vida...", raadi Maria "Siin Tallinn", Erich Krieger "Live", Rock Hotel "Rock Hotel Rock Cafes"

  20. Influence of elevated temperature and pCO2 on the marine periphytic diatom Navicula distans and its associated organisms in culture

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Baragi, L.V.; Khandeparker, L.; Anil, A.C.

    plankton bloom in response to increasing levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Biogeosciences Discussions 9: 12543-12592. Sett, S., L. T. Bach, K. G. Schulz, S. Koch-Klavsen, M. Lebrato & U. Riebesell, 2014. Temperature Modulates Coccolithophorid...

  1. Carbon and oxygen isotope time series records of planktonic and benthic foraminifera from the Arabian Sea: Implications on upwelling processes

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Naidu, P.D.; Niitsuma, N.

    .D. Naidu, N. Niitsuma/Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 202 (2003) 85^9588 was not driven by calci¢cation temperature changes for the following reasons: (1) upwelling was stronger during this period (Prell and Kutz- bach, 1987; Naidu...

  2. Clinical Validation of a miRNA Blood Test to Identify High-Risk Individuals Eligible for Low-Dose Computed Tomography Screening for Lung Cancer Early Detection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-01

    has received ethical clearance from the European Institute of Oncology (IEO) Ethics Committee. The COSMOS II samples can be classified into two...risk classes (called Bach-high and Bach-low), as determined by a risk model developed at IEO. COSMOS II was granted ethical clearance for the...been achieved as a result of prioritizing this project (serum processing and miRNA profile is fully automatized with Hamilton Robotics ; the

  3. Comittees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-10-01

    Fritz Caspers (CERN, Switzerland), Michel Chanel (CERN, Switzerland), Håkan Danared (MSL, Sweden), Bernhard Franzke (GSI, Germany), Manfred Grieser (MPI für Kernphysik, Germany), Dieter Habs (LMU München, Germany), Jeffrey Hangst (University of Aarhus, Denmark), Takeshi Katayama (RIKEN/Univ. Tokyo, Japan), H.-Jürgen Kluge (GSI, Germany), Shyh-Yuan Lee (Indiana University, USA), Rudolf Maier (FZ Jülich, Germany), John Marriner (FNAL, USA), Igor Meshkov (JINR, Russia), Dieter Möhl (CERN, Switzerland), Vasily Parkhomchuk (BINP, Russia), Robert Pollock (Indiana University), Dieter Prasuhn (FZ Jülich, Germany), Dag Reistad (TSL, Sweden), John Schiffer (ANL, USA), Andrew Sessler (LBNL, USA), Alexander Skrinsky (BINP, Russia), Markus Steck (GSI, Germany), Jie Wei (BNL, USA), Andreas Wolf (MPI für Kernphysik, Germany), Hongwei Zhao (IMP, People's Rep. of China).

  4. Suspicious minds: perceived vitamin content of ordinary and diet foods with added fat, sugar or salt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oakes, Michael E

    2004-08-01

    Male and female dieters and non-dieters (mean age 18.5 years) rated the vitamin levels of ordinary foods (e.g. 'sliced fresh peaches') and counterparts with added fat, sugar or salt (e.g. 'sliced fresh peaches with sugar'). Unlike previous studies, in addition diet foods ('sugar-free ice cream') were compared to their ordinary fat- and/or sugar-rich counterparts ('ice cream'). Some respondents believed diet products to be lower in vitamins, particularly when the corresponding ordinary food was considered to be wholesome (e.g. milk or muffins).

  5. Inhibition of eating behavior: negative cognitive effects of dieting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hart, K E; Chiovari, P

    1998-06-01

    This study tested the hypothesis that dieters would score higher than nondieters in terms of food rumination. Two hundred and thirty one college undergraduates completed the Eating Obsessive-Compulsiveness Scale (EOCS) and responded to a questionnaire that inquired about dieting status. Subjects also completed measures that tapped neuroticism and social desirability. Results showed that current dieters were significantly more obsessed with thoughts of eating and food than were nondieters. Neither dieting status nor EOCS scale scores were related to neuroticism or social desirability. These results are consistent with previous theory and research suggesting that inhibition of appetitive behaviors can have negative cognitive effects. Moreover, they indicate a potential target for therapeutic intervention.

  6. IPC CEMAC2010推出IPC美国专家的精彩讲座

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    2010年3月15—16日,中国电子制造年年(IPC CEMAC)2010将于上海展会期间,在上海推出来自IPC美国的资深专家、IPC技术转让总监Dieter Bergman的精彩讲座,而DieterBergman从事电子行业已有50余年,蜚声中海外业界。

  7. Fat burning during exercise: can ergogenics change the balance?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawley, J A

    1998-09-01

    Endurance athletes and dieters are eager to burn more fat during exercise; athletes hope to conserve carbohydrate stores, while dieters wish to decrease fat stores. This article briefly reviews the role of fat as an energy source for physical activity, discusses how exercise intensity and duration affect fat and carbohydrate metabolism, and assesses the nutrition strategies athletes are most likely to use in attempts to promote fat burning during exercise: caffeine ingestion, L-carnitine supplements, medium-chain triglyceride supplements, and high-fat diets. Of this group, caffeine ingestion is the only strategy scientifically proven to enhance athletic performance.

  8. Tensor networks and graphical calculus for open quantum systems

    CERN Document Server

    Wood, Christopher J; Cory, David G

    2011-01-01

    We develop a graphical calculus for completely positive maps and in doing so cast the theory of open quantum systems into the language of tensor networks. We tailor the theory of tensor networks to pictographically represent the Liouville-superoperator, Choi-matrix, process-matrix, Kraus, and system-environment representations for the evolution of open-system states, to expose how these representations interrelate, and to concisely transform between them. Several of these transformations have succinct depictions as wire bending dualities in our graphical calculus --- reshuffling, vectorization, and the Choi-Jamiolkowski isomorphism. The reshuffling duality between the Choi-matrix and superoperator is bi-directional, while the vectorization and Choi-Jamiolkowski dualities, from the Kraus and system-environment representations to the superoperator and Choi-matrix respectively, are single directional due to the non-uniqueness of the Kraus and system-environment representations. The remaining transformations are ...

  9. César augusto ayala diago. exclusión, discriminación y abuso de poder en el tiempo del frente nacional

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    En su memorable ensayo sobre Karl Kraus, Walter Benjamin propone algunas reflexiones para observar las relaciones entre los medios de opinión y el poder político. Describe la condición crítica de Kraus frente la prensa en Viena y la batalla que, como escritor, mantendrá en su reconocida publicación: La Antorcha (Die Fackel). “El odio con que persigue al linaje inabarcable y pululante de los de la prensa es, más que moral, vital, como el que sentiría un antepasado hacia el linaje de enanos deg...

  10. 美国克劳斯出版社

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李铁生

    2001-01-01

    我国外国钱币收藏界无人不知美国克劳斯出版社(Krause Pubhcations,KP:700E.State Street,Iola,WI54990—0001)和《世界硬币标准目录》(Standard Catalog of World Coins,SCWC)。克劳斯出版社创办人、董事会主席切斯特·克劳斯(Chester L·Krause)1923年12月出生于美国西部威斯康星州艾奥拉小

  11. Lord of the particles

    CERN Multimedia

    Loll, Anna-Cathrin

    2009-01-01

    "Rolf-Dieter Heuer is the new director general of the world's largest particle physics research center. Though the German physicist never expected to gain this influential position in Switzerland, it seems a natural step in his career trajectory" (1.5 pages)

  12. Functional Analysis and Treatment of Rumination Using Fixed-Time Delivery of a Flavor Spray

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilder, David A.; Register, Martisa; Register, Stanley; Bajagic, Vedrana; Neidert, Pamela L.

    2009-01-01

    A functional analysis suggested that rumination exhibited by an adult with autism was maintained by automatic reinforcement. Next, a preference assessment with three flavor sprays (i.e., flavored sprays used by dieters) showed that apple pie spray was most preferred. Finally, the effects of fixed-time delivery of the apple pie spray on levels of…

  13. Proceeding of the 1999 Particle Accelerator Conference. Volume 5

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    peak-to-peak circumference changes of up to 1 mm. E- - (1) The influence of the tides on LEP can be described by aE aC a CTE ( Cartwright -Taylor-Edden...Hagedom, Dieter 3200 Hassanein, A. 3062 Ho, C.H. 1450, 2000, 2009 Hagel, Johannes 250, 1635 Haustein, Peter 533 Ho, Darwin D.-M. 1827 Hagelstein, Michael

  14. Reference: 39 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 39 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u12837954i Madson Michael...as C|Dunand Christophe|Li Xuemei|Madson Michael|Reiter Wolf-Dieter|Shoue Douglas A|Vanzin Gary F|Verma Rajeev

  15. "WRO 95" : meediakunsti festival Wroclawis / Raivo Kelomees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kelomees, Raivo, 1960-

    2007-01-01

    5. rahvusvahelisest audiovisuaalse kunsti festivalist, millest võtsid osa Margus Tõnnov ja autor, seal toimunud Douglas Daviese, Astrid Sommeri, Erkki Huhtamo, Dieter Danielsi jt. loengutest, näitustest, videotest, feminismist, festivali tööde tasemest ja publikust. Ilmunud ka ajalehes "Eesti Ekspress", 1995, 16., 22., ja 30. juuni

  16. Investigation by Differential Scanning Calorimetry of Microstructure in a Superplastic Al-Mg-Zr Alloy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-06-01

    this, described in detail by Askeland [Ref. 5:p. 2813 are: 1) Solution treatment 2) Quenching 3) Aging. Dispersion strengthening is accomplished...Prentice-Hall, 1984. 4. Dieter, G.E., Mechanical Metallurgy, McGraw-Hill, 1976. 5. Askeland , D.R., The Science and Engineering of Materials, Brooks/Cole

  17. "WRO 95" : meediakunsti festival Wroclawis / Raivo Kelomees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kelomees, Raivo, 1960-

    2007-01-01

    5. rahvusvahelisest audiovisuaalse kunsti festivalist, millest võtsid osa Margus Tõnnov ja autor, seal toimunud Douglas Daviese, Astrid Sommeri, Erkki Huhtamo, Dieter Danielsi jt. loengutest, näitustest, videotest, feminismist, festivali tööde tasemest ja publikust. Ilmunud ka ajalehes "Eesti Ekspress", 1995, 16., 22., ja 30. juuni

  18. Soovahetus, Priimägi ja Baudrillard / Kadi Herkül

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Herkül, Kadi

    1999-01-01

    Dieter Lesage'i "Pärast orgiat" raadioteatris, režissöör Tamur Tohver, helirežissöör Küllike Valdma, osatäitjana Linnar Priimägi, esietendus Klassikaraadios 11. apr. ja Vikerraadios 18. apr.

  19. Selecting and Effectively Using Sports Drinks, Carbohydrate Gels and Energy Bars

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... significantly contributes to longevity. Even a person with risk factors like high blood pressure, diabetes or even a smoking habit can gain real benefits from incorporating regular physical activity into their daily life. As many dieters have found, exercise can help you stay on a diet and ...

  20. Concussion in Sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... significantly contributes to longevity. Even a person with risk factors like high blood pressure, diabetes or even a smoking habit can gain real benefits from incorporating regular physical activity into their daily life. As many dieters have found, exercise can help you stay on a diet and ...

  1. Pre-Participation Physical Examinations

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... significantly contributes to longevity. Even a person with risk factors like high blood pressure, diabetes or even a smoking habit can gain real benefits from incorporating regular physical activity into their daily life. As many dieters have found, exercise can help you stay on a diet and ...

  2. Dynamic trapping of sliding drops on wetting defects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cavalli, A.; Musterd, M.; Mannetje, 't D.J.C.M.; Ende, van den H.T.M.; Mugele, F.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Submitted for the DFD14 Meeting of The American Physical Society Dynamic trapping of sliding drops on wetting defects ANDREA CAVALLI, University of Twente, MICHIEL MUSTERD, TU Delft, DIETER ’T MANNETJE, DIRK VAN DEN ENDE, FRIEDER MUGELE, University of Twente —We present a numerical analysi

  3. Rohkem tolerantsi / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    2003-01-01

    Berliini 53. filmifestival avati USA muusikaliga "Chicago", mis valmis Rob Marshalli käe all John Kanderi, Fred Ebbi ja Bob Fosse muusikali järgi. Festivali juht Dieter Kosslick rõhutab loosungit "Towards Tolerance", mis olevatki festivali kava alusmõtteks

  4. The High Altitude Pollution Program (1976-1982).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    Andreas , and Dieter Kley, " A Resonance-Fluorescence Instrument forin-Situ Measurement of Atmospheric Carbon Monoxide," (in preparation). B-31 NATIONAL...80307 Launceston, Cornwall England Prof. Dr. Paul Crutzen Max-Planck-Institut fur Chemie Dr. Jerry D. Mahlman Air Chemistry Department National

  5. CERN - Commission Européenne

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    Rolf-Dieter HEUER, Director General of CERN visits Commissioner Janez POTOCNIK (BRUSSELS, 03/03/2009, Ref.62264) CERN LHC Inauguration : extracts from the CERN LHC (European Organization for Nuclear Research - Large Hadron Collider) Inauguration and statements (GENEVA, 21/10/2008, Ref.59811) Commissioner Viviane REDING's visit to CERN (GENEVA, recorded 28/10/2005, Ref.42185)

  6. Haabersti paju ja Eesti tulevik / Hasso Krull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krull, Hasso, 1964-

    2017-01-01

    Haabersti paju langetamine on pöördelise tähtsusega, ta on praegu Eestis toimuva laastamise sümbol. Briti majandusteadlase Dieter Helmi ideedest kapitali mõiste ümber hindamiseks raamatus "Natural capital : valuing our planet"

  7. The Impactite Collection at Museum für Naturkunde Berlin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitt, R. T.

    2016-08-01

    The Impactite collection at Museum für Naturkunde Berlin was established in 1994 by Dieter Stöffler and hosts actually ~4,815 samples from 75 of the worldwide known 188 impact structures arranged in geographical order.

  8. Philosophische Begleitung für Suche nach »Gottesteilchen«

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    Berlin_Der designierte Generaldirektor des europäischen Zentrums für Teilchenphysik CERN in Genf, Rolf-Dieter Heuer, will die Suche nach dem mysteriösen Higgs-Teilchen philosophisch begleiten lassen. Der Dialog zwischen Naturwissenschaftlern und Philosophen sei wichtig, sagte der Hamburger Experimentalphysiker am Montag im Deutschlandradio Kultur.

  9. Die Suche nach den Gottesteilchen

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    2008 wird der größte jemals gebaute Teilchenbeschleuniger in Betrieb genommen Anlässlich des Mathematik-Jahres 2008 hat der Experimentalphysiker der Universität Hamburg und der designierte Generaldirektor des europäischen Zentrums für Teilchenphysik CERN in Genf, Rolf-Dieter Heuer, die Bedeutung des Dialogs zwischen Naturwissenschaftlern und Philosophen hervorgehoben.

  10. The future of OA in high-energy physics

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    CERN 's SCOAP3 project has posted a summary of Rolf-Dieter Heuer's talk, Innovation in Scholarly Communication: Vision and Projects from High Energy Physics , at the Academic Publishing in Europe 2008 conference (Berlin, January 21-23, 2008). Heuer is the Research director of DESY and Director-General Elect of CERN .

  11. Three directors for one strategy

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    Following the interview with the Director General, Rolf-Dieter Heuer, the Bulletin continues its series of interviews with the members of CERN’s new Management team. This week, the Bulletin interviewed the three Directors, who presented their strategies for their respective sectors as a new era begins for CERN.

  12. Soovahetus, Priimägi ja Baudrillard / Kadi Herkül

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Herkül, Kadi

    1999-01-01

    Dieter Lesage'i "Pärast orgiat" raadioteatris, režissöör Tamur Tohver, helirežissöör Küllike Valdma, osatäitjana Linnar Priimägi, esietendus Klassikaraadios 11. apr. ja Vikerraadios 18. apr.

  13. Berliini festival asub uuenduste teele / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    2002-01-01

    Berliini 52. filmifestival algab täna sakslase Tom Tykweri mängufilmiga "Taevas". Festivali uue direktori Dieter Kosslicki uuenduseks on saksa filmi endisest tunduvalt suurem osakaal. Esmakordselt on festivali "Panorama Special" kavas eesti mängufilm, milleks on Peeter Simmi "Head käed". Eesti filmid on esil ka festivali suurel filmiturul

  14. Suurejooneline järeleaitamistund / Reet Pulk-Piatkowska

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pulk-Piatkowska, Reet, 1963-

    2011-01-01

    Saksa fotonäitus "FotoKunst" Tartu Kunstimuuseumis ja Tartu Ülikooli raamatukogus 5. juunini 2011, kuraator Wulf Herrongerath. 9 osalejat loetletud. Teosed on valminud ajavahemikus 1969-1992. Pikemalt Sigmar Polke, Klaus Rinke, Dieter Appelti, Jürgen Klauke ja Katharina Sieverdingi töödest

  15. New CERN DG - AIP awards and prizes

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    The CERN Council has appointed Rolf-Dieter Heuer to succedd Robert Aymar as CERN's director general. Yu Lu, a theoretical physics and research fellow in the institute of physics at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, is the recipient of the 2008 Tate Medal for International Leadership in Physics from the American Institute of Physics (AIP)

  16. Motivational and neural correlates of self-control of eating: A combined neuroimaging and experience sampling study in dieting female college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, Richard B; Milyavskaya, Marina; Hofmann, Wilhelm; Heatherton, Todd F

    2016-08-01

    Self-regulation is a critical ability for maintaining a wide range of health behaviors, especially in preventing overeating and weight gain. Previous work has identified various threats to self-control in the eating domain, chief among which are desire strength and negative affect. In the present study, we examined individual differences in college-aged dieters' experiences of these threats as they encountered temptations to eat in their daily lives, and tested whether these differences characterized sub-groups of dieters with divergent self-control outcomes. Specifically, 75 dieting females (age range: 18-23) participated in a combined functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and experience sampling study. Participants passively viewed food cues during a fMRI session, and then reported their daily eating behaviors for one week via ecological momentary assessment. We examined the characteristics of dieters who exhibited the most favorable combination of the aforementioned factors (i.e., low desire strength and positive mood) and who were thus most successful at regulating their eating. These dieters endorsed more autonomous reasons for their self-regulatory goals, and during the food cue reactivity task more readily recruited the inferior frontal gyrus, a brain region associated with inhibitory control. We suggest that these motivational and neural correlates may also be implicated in self-regulation of other important health behaviors.

  17. Dieting patterns and related lifestyles of school-aged children in the Republic of Ireland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabhainn, Saoirse Nic; Nolan, Geraldine; Kelleher, Cecily; Friel, Sharon

    2002-06-01

    The aim of this study was to identify differences in food habits and lifestyle behaviours by dieting status among young people in Ireland. Cross-sectional survey. Participants responded to a self-completion questionnaire designed by researchers on the World Health Organization's collaborative study - Health Behaviour in School Aged Children. Pupils were selected by school and classroom and the sample was stratified to be representative of the geographical distribution of school students in Ireland. Data were collected by teachers from school pupils in their classrooms. Data were collected from 187 schools which included 8497 pupils (51% girls) aged 9-17 years. While a minority of pupils (12% of girls, 4% of boys) reported that they were on a diet to lose weight, a substantial proportion (28% of girls, 18% of boys) said that they should be on a diet. Dieters reported consuming unhealthy foods less frequently than non-dieters, but did not report an increased consumption of fruit and vegetables. Rather, some categories of dieters reported higher levels of coffee and tobacco use and lower exercise levels than non-dieters. The results could indicate substitution of unhealthy foods by other unhealthy behaviours as opposed to an increased consumption of healthier foodstuffs, and suggest that both smoking and exercise need to be addressed alongside nutrition in youth health promotion.

  18. Video Histories, Memories, and Coincidences

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kacunko, Slavko

    2012-01-01

    Looping images allows us to notice things that we have never noticed before. Looping a small but exquisite selection of the video tapes of Marcel Odenbach, Dieter Kiessling and Matthias Neuenhofer may allow the discovering of Histories, Coincidences, and Infinitesimal Aesthetics inscribed...... into the Video medium as its unsurpassed topicality....

  19. Developing a Reference Framework for Cybercraft Trust Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    reporting, and adversary identification 2. Use cases were created for each of these defense priorities using a mision level task breakdown and are shown in...new mision statement”, December 2005. URL http://www.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123013440. 10. Gollmann, Dieter. “Why Trust is Bad for Security”. First

  20. A global view

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    After the usual six-month overlap with the previous management, Rolf-Dieter Heuer took office on 1st January as new Director-General. His mandate will cover the early years of operation of the LHC as well as its first scientific results. As he starts his new position, Rolf Heuer gives a long interview to the Bulletin.

  1. Pleasure, pursuit of health or negotiation of identity? Personality correlates of food choice motives among young and middle-aged women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindeman, M; Stark, K

    1999-08-01

    The clustering of four food choice motives (health, weight concern, pleasure and ideological reasons) and the relationship between personality and the food choice motives were analysed among young and middle-aged women in two studies. The personality variables included personal strivings, magical beliefs about food, awareness and internalization of thinness pressures, appearance and weight dissatisfaction, depression, self-esteem and symptoms of eating disorders. Study 1 was done with 171 young and middle-aged women. In Study 2, with data provided by 118 senior high-school girls, one cluster of girls who did not regard any of the food choice motives as important was found, otherwise the food choice clusters were fairly similar in both studies. They were labelled as health fosterers, gourmets, ideological eaters, health dieters and distressed dieters. Only the second dieter group, distressed dieters, showed low psychological well-being and symptoms of disordered eating. The results also indicated that ideological food choice motives (i.e. expression of one's identity via food) were best predicted by vegetarianism, magical beliefs about food and health, and personal strivings for ecological welfare and for understanding self and the world. Copyright 1999 Academic Press.

  2. Correlates of Bulimia Nervosa: Early Family Mealtime Experiences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Debra A. F.; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Examined relationship of early mealtime experiences to later bulimia in 128 female college students. Found significant group differences among bulimics, nonbulimics, and repeat dieters on early meal experience questionnaire, with bulimic group reporting most negative and unusual experiences. Found significant differences among groups on depression…

  3. Weight Loss at a Cost: Implications of High-Protein, Low- Carbohydrate Diets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabel, Kathe A.; Lund, Robin J.

    2002-01-01

    Addresses three claims of high-protein, low-carbohydrate diets: weight loss is attributed to the composition of the diet; insulin promotes the storage of fat, thereby, by limiting carbohydrates, dieters will decrease levels of insulin and body fat; and weight loss is the result of fat loss. The paper examines relevant scientific reports and notes…

  4. The instability of health cognitions: Visceral states influences self-efficacy and related health beliefs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.F. Nordgren; J. van der Pligt; F. van Harreveld

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To determine how visceral impulses, such as hunger and drug craving, influence health beliefs. Design: The authors assessed smokers' self-efficacy and intentions to quit while in a randomly assigned state of cigarette craving or noncraving (Study 1), and assessed dieters weight-loss belie

  5. IFLA General Conference, 1985. Division on Special Libraries. Section on Science and Technology Libraries. Papers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).

    Papers on science and technology libraries which were presented at the 1985 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference include: (1) "UAP (Universal Availability of Publications) and User Training for Categories of Grey Literature" (Dieter Schmidmaier, Mining Academy Freiberg, East Germany); (2) "Resource…

  6. Investigating sex differences in psychological predictors of snack intake among a large representative sample

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Adriaanse, M.A.; Evers, C.; Verhoeven, A.A.C.; de Ridder, D.T.D.

    It is often assumed that there are substantial sex differences in eating behaviour (e.g. women are more likely to be dieters or emotional eaters than men). The present study investigates this assumption in a large representative community sample while incorporating a comprehensive set of

  7. Rohkem tolerantsi / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    2003-01-01

    Berliini 53. filmifestival avati USA muusikaliga "Chicago", mis valmis Rob Marshalli käe all John Kanderi, Fred Ebbi ja Bob Fosse muusikali järgi. Festivali juht Dieter Kosslick rõhutab loosungit "Towards Tolerance", mis olevatki festivali kava alusmõtteks

  8. Does a dieting goal affect automatic cognitive processes and their trainability?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Maas, J.; Keijsers, G.P.J.; Rinck, M.; Tanis, J.; Becker, E.S.

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated implicit self-control dispositions-implicit approach tendencies towards low-caloric food rather than towards high-caloric food-in dieters. Action tendencies were assessed and trained using the Approach-Avoidance Task (AAT). Additionally, positive/negative affective associatio

  9. The Attitudes to Chocolate Questionnaire. Psychometric properties and relationship with consumption, dieting, disinhibition and thought suppression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Gucht, Dinska; Soetens, Barbara; Raes, Filip; Griffith, James W

    2014-05-01

    We examined the psychometric properties of the Dutch version of the Attitudes to Chocolate Questionnaire (ACQ), comparing the original three-factor model to a later-suggested two-factor model. We evaluated the construct validity of the ACQ by investigating the associations between the resulting factors and other eating-related questionnaires such as the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire and the Food Thought Suppression Inventory. Finally, we compared the scores on several scales regarding eating behavior between different groups (men versus women, dieters versus non-dieters and cravers versus non-cravers). A confirmatory factor analysis of the Dutch ACQ indicated the best global fit indices for the two-factor model, with the resulting factors being "Negative consequences and Guilt" and "Craving and emotional eating". Both factors were associated with other eating-related dimensions. However, craving seemed to be uniquely associated with the amount of chocolate consumed per week, whereas guilt correlated strongly with restraint. Finally, women scored higher on nearly all scales, but there was no significant gender difference with regard to chocolate consumption. Dieters reported more disinhibition, restraint, food-thought suppression and guilt, but they did not significantly differ from non-dieters with regards to their levels of craving, hunger nor consumption.

  10. Air Land Sea Bulletin. Issue No. 2011-3, September 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    over- head in France, to the JTAC the training was real because his visual and audio feedback from the sim- ulated pilots was timely, accurate and...Broderick, USA Maj Clayton Laughlin, USAF Lt Col (S) William Wallis , USAF CDR Cindy Dieterly, USN Maj Jeffrey Hughes, USMC MAJ Michael Saxon, USA

  11. Weight Loss at a Cost: Implications of High-Protein, Low- Carbohydrate Diets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gabel, Kathe A.; Lund, Robin J.

    2002-01-01

    Addresses three claims of high-protein, low-carbohydrate diets: weight loss is attributed to the composition of the diet; insulin promotes the storage of fat, thereby, by limiting carbohydrates, dieters will decrease levels of insulin and body fat; and weight loss is the result of fat loss. The paper examines relevant scientific reports and notes…

  12. Dogmefar fylder 70

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund Larsen, Henrik; Dickson, Thomas

    2002-01-01

    Artiklen indleder med: modernismens oprindelige valgsprog 'less is more' bliver i den senere tyske version til 'weniger aber besser'. Ordene blev formuleret af manden, der mere end nogen anden står som Bauhaus' æstetiske og ideologiske arvtager - Brauns chefdesigner i en menneskealder Dieter Rams...

  13. Sickly Americans, Kindly Portuguese, and Lithuanian Couch Potatoes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bracey, Gerald W.

    2000-01-01

    Of 27 countries in a World Health Organization survey, American children report the most physical complaints, Portuguese children are most kind to one another, and Lithuanians watch more TV. U.S. and Czech teens are great dieters. Northern Irish, Scottish, and Finnish youngsters love computer games. (MLH)

  14. Studies in Romance Linguistics. Proceedings of the Fifth Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagiwara, Michio Peter, Ed.

    This volume consists of the following papers delivered at the Fifth Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages: (1) "The Heuristics of Substratum," by Dieter Wanner; (2) "The Auxiliary in Romance," by Frederick B. Agard; (3) "Lusitanian Portuguese," by Wayne J. Redenbarger; (4) "Paradigmatic Evolution of Diphthongs: Marsian Italian and Chicano…

  15. Quantum fishes. The string theory and the search for the world formula; Quantenfische. Die Stringtheorie und die Suche nach der Weltformel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luest, Dieter

    2014-11-01

    Can all physical phenomena from the smallest particles to the universe be uniquely described? The hottest candidate for such a world formula is the string theory. The renowned physicist Dieter Luest explains by means of a story of ''quantum fishes'', intelligent fishes in a pond, the foundations and essential principles of the string theory.

  16. Performance i Krise

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørreklit, Hanne

    Scorecard got our management team on the same page, and has played an important role in our success thus far( Dieter Zetsche, President and CEO udtaler)."  Den 1. maj 2009 måtte Chrysler indgive sin konkursbegæring. Det er dog ikke kun praksis, der har advokeret nye målemodeller. Mange af de nye...

  17. Short notes and reviews Phosphatocopine arthropods

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schram, Frederick R.

    2004-01-01

    For anyone interested in the early history and evolution of arthropods, one simply cannot get along without reference to the series of works that have been appearing since the 1970s by Dieter Waloszek and Klaus Müller on the Cambrian Orsten fossils. Of particular importance in this regard is the

  18. Berliini festival asub uuenduste teele / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-

    2002-01-01

    Berliini 52. filmifestival algab täna sakslase Tom Tykweri mängufilmiga "Taevas". Festivali uue direktori Dieter Kosslicki uuenduseks on saksa filmi endisest tunduvalt suurem osakaal. Esmakordselt on festivali "Panorama Special" kavas eesti mängufilm, milleks on Peeter Simmi "Head käed". Eesti filmid on esil ka festivali suurel filmiturul

  19. Small Maf proteins (MafF, MafG, MafK): History, structure and function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katsuoka, Fumiki; Yamamoto, Masayuki

    2016-07-25

    The small Maf proteins (sMafs) are basic region leucine zipper (bZIP)-type transcription factors. The basic region of the Maf family is unique among the bZIP factors, and it contributes to the distinct DNA-binding mode of this class of proteins. MafF, MafG and MafK are the three vertebrate sMafs, and no functional differences have been observed among them in terms of their bZIP structures. sMafs form homodimers by themselves, and they form heterodimers with cap 'n' collar (CNC) proteins (p45 NF-E2, Nrf1, Nrf2, and Nrf3) and also with Bach proteins (Bach1 and Bach2). Because CNC and Bach proteins cannot bind to DNA as monomers, sMafs are indispensable partners that are required by CNC and Bach proteins to exert their functions. sMafs lack the transcriptional activation domain; hence, their homodimers act as transcriptional repressors. In contrast, sMafs participate in transcriptional activation or repression depending on their heterodimeric partner molecules and context. Mouse genetic analyses have revealed that various biological pathways are under the regulation of CNC-sMaf heterodimers. In this review, we summarize the history and current progress of sMaf studies in relation to their partners. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. Editorial: Theoriebildung in Mediendidaktik und Wissensmanagement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Kerres

    2002-10-01

    , Kognitivismus und Konstruktivismus zur theoretischen Fundierung der Mediendidaktik. Er geht auf Missverständnisse und Probleme in diesem Zusammenhang ein. Als alternative Sichtweise stellen die Autoren eine Interpretation des Pragmatismus von John Dewey vor, der von der Lernsituation ausgeht und einen methodisch orientierten Ansatz anbietet. Damit wird letztlich eine stärkere Verbindung von Theorien der Mediendidaktik und Medienbildung angestrebt. Auch Stefan Krause und Rolf-Dieter Kortmann ziehen die Lerntheorien zur Diskussion der medienbasierten Wissensaneignung heran, sie legen ihren Schwerpunkt aber auf die Frage nach der aktuell diskutierten Problematik der Standardisierung bzw. Standardisierbarkeit von medial aufbereiteten Lerninhalten. Sie beschreiben, wie der Austausch von Inhalten perspektivisch nicht mehr über Datenformate, sondern durch Lernobjekte stattfindet, und diskutieren anhand eines Beispiels die - problematischen - Implikationen für die Mediendidaktik. Einen anderen Impuls gibt der Beitrag von Wolfgang Müskens und Isabel Müskens. Sie verstehen «Provokationen» als methodisches Element einer Didaktik internetgestützter Lernarrangements. «Provoziert» werden soll der Lernende durch einstellungskonträres Material, das letztlich zu einer höheren Individualisierung des Lernens und einer stärkeren Interaktion zwischen Lehrenden und Lernenden führen soll. Die theoretische Begründung solcher provokativen Elemente in einem didaktischen Konzept findet sich im Kompetenzbegriff und in der Systemtheorie, aber auch in psychologischen Ansätzen. In dem zweiten Teil dieser Ausgabe der Online-Zeitschrift geht es insbesondere um den Zusammenhang von Mediendidaktik und Wissensmanagement. Für Gabi Reinmann-Rothmeier handelt es sich bei Wissensmanagement und Mediendidaktik bislang um ein dialektisches Paar. Während Wissensmanagement eher ein Thema für die Betriebswirtschaft war, wurde die Mediendidaktik als eine (Teil-Disziplin der Medienpädagogik verstanden

  1. Small generators of the ideal class group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belabas, Karim; Diaz, Francisco Diaz Y.; Friedman, Eduardo

    2008-06-01

    Assuming the Generalized Riemann Hypothesis, Bach has shown that the ideal class group ļof a number field K can be generated by the prime ideals of K having norm smaller than 12big(logabs{mathrm{Discriminant}(K)}big)^2 . This result is essential for the computation of the class group and units of K by Buchmann's algorithm, currently the fastest known. However, once mathcal{C}ell_K has been computed, one notices that this bound could have been replaced by a much smaller value, and so much work could have been saved. We introduce here a short algorithm which allows us to reduce Bach's bound substantially, usually by a factor 20 or so. The bound produced by the algorithm is asymptotically worse than Bach's, but favorable constants make it useful in practice.

  2. Dance and Its Importance in Bach’s Suites for Solo Cello

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Audrey Hebson

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Before J. S. Bach, the cello was rarely used as a solo instrument. With his suites for solo cello, however, Bach took the instrument out of the background of dance accompaniment and basso continuo, and placed it on the center stage for musical audiences. He accomplished this by using dance movements, a style in which the cello was already a familiar accompanying instrument. The forms of these dance movements were also used in such a way as to uniquely express the cello’s potential as a solo instrument. Ultimately, it was these suites that would inspire other composers to write solo works for the cello. By looking to the past, Bach created a work that looked to the future. This paper explores the musical elements in this work that contribute to their lasting influence.

  3. East African odontopygid millipedes 4

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederiksen, Sara B.; Enghoff, Henrik

    2015-01-01

    Based mainly on morphology of the solenomere, a restricted redefinition of the millipede genus Rhamphidarpoides Kraus, 1960, is given. R. aberdarei (Brolemann, 1920), R. aloysiisabaudiae (Silvestri, 1907), R. alticolus (Brolemann, 1920), R. austrosudanicus n.sp., (South Sudan), R. collinus n.sp.,...

  4. Development of Novel Noninvasive Methods of Stress Assessment in Baleen Whales

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-30

    the dish was insufficient), pa11icularly for the recovery of progesterone. The veil and Nitex mesh exhibited mild ’ non- zero ’ background levels in...General and Comparative Endocrinology. In preparation: Burgess EA, Hunt KE, Kraus SD, Rolland RM. In prep . Quantification of hormones in whale blow: finding a denominator substance for concentration adjustment. 15

  5. International Conference on the Physics of Electronic and Atomic Collisions. Participants List (16th), Held in New York, New York on 26 July-1 August 1989

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-08-01

    GUBERMAN INST FOR SCI RSCH YU GUIJU DONG-SHENG GUO 33 BEDFORD STREET CHINESE ACAD. OF SCI DEPT OF PHYSICS SUITE J9A INSITUTE OF PHYSICS UNIV. OF ORSON ...AICHI, 444 WINDSOR, ONTARIO, N9B 3P4 USA JAPAN CANADA HERBERT F. KRAUSE SCOTT KRAVIS OAK RIDGE NAT’L LAB TEXAS AIM UNIVERSITY JOHN KRENOS PHYSICS

  6. Õpetajate päeva eel autasustatakse õpetajaid : aasta õpetajad 2008

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Vabariigi presidendi kultuurirahastu hariduspreemiad said tänavu Tallinna reaalkooli vene keele õpetaja Nora Mals, Tartu Ülikooli õppejõud, geograafiaõpikute autor ja metoodika arendaja, Eesti võistkonna juhendaja rahvusvahelistel geograafiaolümpiaadidel Ülle Liiber ja Pärnu Kuninga tänava põhikooli direktor Urve Krause

  7. Solubility of hydrogen in octane, 1-octanol, and squalane

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, K.J.; Way, T.R.; Feldman, K.T. Jr. [Thermal Electric Devices, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Razani, A. [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States). Mechanical Engineering Dept.

    1997-01-01

    The solubilities of hydrogen in various liquids were measured over the pressure ranges from 690 to 1,380 kPa at a temperature of 22 C by using the modified Benson and Krause method. The liquids include octane, 1-octanol, and squalane. The solubility increases with increasing pressure and is described by Henry`s Law.

  8. Õpetajate päeva eel autasustatakse õpetajaid : aasta õpetajad 2008

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Vabariigi presidendi kultuurirahastu hariduspreemiad said tänavu Tallinna reaalkooli vene keele õpetaja Nora Mals, Tartu Ülikooli õppejõud, geograafiaõpikute autor ja metoodika arendaja, Eesti võistkonna juhendaja rahvusvahelistel geograafiaolümpiaadidel Ülle Liiber ja Pärnu Kuninga tänava põhikooli direktor Urve Krause

  9. Joint Force Quarterly. Issue 39

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-10-01

    Merrick E. Krause, USAF Director of NDU Press Editor Colonel Debra Taylor, USA Deputy Director of NDU Press Managing Editor Calvin B. Kelley George C...contracted in times of drought or seasonal change, [and] some of us were periodi- cally becoming them.”4 This process is depicted in the Bible , when

  10. NIH Quickfinder and NIH MedlinePlus Advisory Group - Winter 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... gov 1-800-352-9424 National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) www.ninr.nih.gov (301) 496-0207 ... Susan Johnson, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research Mary ... of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Carol Krause, National ...

  11. NIH Quickfinder and NIH MedlinePlus Advisory Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... gov 1-800-352-9424 National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) www.ninr.nih.gov (301) 496-0207 ... Susan Johnson , National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research Kathy Kranzfelder , National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Carol Krause , National ...

  12. NIH Quickfinder and NIH MedlinePlus Advisory Group - Winter 2010 | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... gov 1-800-352-9424 National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) www.ninr.nih.gov (301) 496-0207 ... Susan Johnson, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research Mary ... of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Carol Krause, National ...

  13. NIH Quickfinder | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... gov 1-800-352-9424 National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) www.ninr.nih.gov (301) 496-0207 ... Susan Johnson, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research Mary ... of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Carol Krause, National ...

  14. NIH Quickfinder and NIH MedlinePlus Advisory Group - Fall 2010 | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... gov 1-800-352-9424 National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) www.ninr.nih.gov (301) 496-0207 ... Susan Johnson, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research Mary ... of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Carol Krause, National ...

  15. Text analysis and computers

    OpenAIRE

    1995-01-01

    Content: Erhard Mergenthaler: Computer-assisted content analysis (3-32); Udo Kelle: Computer-aided qualitative data analysis: an overview (33-63); Christian Mair: Machine-readable text corpora and the linguistic description of danguages (64-75); Jürgen Krause: Principles of content analysis for information retrieval systems (76-99); Conference Abstracts (100-131).

  16. New Technology for Remote Testing of Response Time of Installed Thermocouples. Volume 2 - Research Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    specific need for a thermocouple with known rapid response time. Glawe and Holanda ~ have reported an extensive study to determine thermocouple time...Continuous Flow Crvo.qenic Tunnel," NASA Technical Memorandum 81825, May 1980. Glawe, G. E., Holanda , R., Krause, L. N., "Recovery and Radiation Corrections

  17. Resource-Bounded Information Acquisition and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-01

    45] apply the theory of value of information, but their method is mostly restricted to chain graphical models. Golovin et al. [33] tackle the problem...for information acquisition from large and redundant data. Tech. Rep. arXiv:1012.3502, Dec 2010. [33] Golovin , Daniel, Krause, Andreas, and Ray

  18. 993-IJBCS-Article-Dr Intisar Elterafi

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR GATSING

    altitude of > 470 m above sea level, proved to be rich in Az- content. However, trees ... the world (Kraus, 1995; Schmutterer, 1990;. Jacobson ..... growing in coastal areas. Az was found to .... products on the population dynamics of wolf spider ...

  19. Omamise vaev või rendiõnn? / Merlis Nõgene

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nõgene, Merlis, 1976-

    2006-01-01

    Arvutite renditeenust tutvustavad Elioni finantseerimistoodete teenistuse juhataja Kalev Karus, Siemens Financial Services'i tegevjuht Virgo Jaani ja 3 Step IT müügidirektor Aivar Kraus. Kommenteerib Infoweb ASi arendusdirektor Tauri Purkas. Lisad: Rentimise plussid ja miinused; Tallinna koolide arvutite renditsükkel purunes

  20. Math Anxiety, Working Memory, and Math Achievement in Early Elementary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramirez, Gerardo; Gunderson, Elizabeth A.; Levine, Susan C.; Beilock, Sian L.

    2013-01-01

    Although math anxiety is associated with poor mathematical knowledge and low course grades (Ashcraft & Krause, 2007), research establishing a connection between math anxiety and math achievement has generally been conducted with young adults, ignoring the emergence of math anxiety in young children. In the current study, we explored whether…