WorldWideScience

Sample records for azerbaijan

  1. Charitable activities in Azerbaijan

    OpenAIRE

    Ismailova Sevil Aydin

    2015-01-01

    In this article, found its proper reflection questions related to the issue of charitable activities in Azerbaijan. Briefly described the history of charitable activities in Azerbaijan. Also shown is the legal framework of charitable activities in Azerbaijan.

  2. Spotlight: Azerbaijan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-02-01

    As of mid-1998, Azerbaijan had a population of 7.7 million people residing in a land area of 33,436 square miles. There were 17 births and 6 deaths per 1000 population, as well as 19 infant deaths for every 1000 live births, and a population growing in size at 1.1% annually. The average woman had 2.1 births during her reproductive lifetime and life expectancy was 67 years for men and 74 years for women. Azerbaijan is an oil-producing country, although the agricultural sector is responsible for 25% of gross domestic product and employs 31% of the work force. Despite its oil wealth and strong agricultural and mining sectors, Azerbaijan is struggling to improve its environmental conditions and support a large refugee population. The country's air, water, and soil are severely polluted. Air pollution stems from petrochemical plants, refineries, exhaust fumes, and the burning of untreated garbage; water pollution is the result of oil spills, leaky pipelines and tanks, runoff of fertilizers and pesticides, and improperly treated sewage; and land pollution is due to inadequate waste management. The high incidence of waterborne diseases, including cholera, in Azerbaijan is caused by the inadequate treatment of drinking water and sewage intrusion into leaky distribution pipes. Although over 90% of infants under age 1 year are immunized against diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, polio, and measles, babies in Azerbaijan are 3 times as likely to die before reaching age 1 year than are babies in the US. Azerbaijani children are 5 times more likely to die by age 5 than are US children. Living conditions are especially difficult for the 12% of the overall population which are refugees. PMID:12348921

  3. Azerbaijan Republic; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2005-01-01

    This Selected Issues paper on Azerbaijan Republic reports that the government has made substantial progress in dealing with energy-related subsidies. The domestic market for oil products has been tightly regulated by the government since Azerbaijan gained independence. Azerbaijan is largely self-sufficient in oil products because of its substantial endowment of exhaustible mineral deposits and existing refining capacity. Although Azerbaijan is self-sufficient in oil products, it needs to impo...

  4. BAHAISM IN AZERBAIJAN

    OpenAIRE

    Melikova, Leyla

    2007-01-01

    The author traces the history of Bahaism in Northern Azerbaijan, the religious movement born in 1844 in Iran that assumed its final shape in 1863 under the influence of its founding father Mirza Husayn Ali Nuri (1817-1892), known as Baha Ullah, and analyzes the present and future of Bahaism in the context of the relations between the state and society in Azerbaijan.

  5. SUFISM IN AZERBAIJAN

    OpenAIRE

    Aleskerova, Nesrin

    2007-01-01

    This article highlights one of the multifaceted and vivid manifestations of Islam—Muslim mysticism-Sufism—or, to be more precise, presents a brief history of Sufism in Azerbaijan beginning from the time it spread, that is, traces this phenomenon from its early days to the present. It should be added, however, that the article sheds light on only a few pages of the history of Sufism in Azerbaijan.

  6. Inclusive Education in Azerbaijan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lesko, Jim J.; Ziegler, Deborah A.; Mikailova, Ulviya; Roels, David Carl

    2010-01-01

    The public special education system of the Republic of Azerbaijan is built on the Soviet science of "defectology." In this system, most government-provided educational services segregate children with disabilities in special schools and home environments, separate from children without disabilities and from society at large. From 2005 to 2009, the…

  7. The Multiple Identities of Azerbaijan

    OpenAIRE

    Babajide George Iloba

    2011-01-01

    This paper focuses on the emerging Azerbaijani identity and its competing articulations in the Republic of Azerbaijan, in Iran, and in Diaspora. The northern Republic of Azerbaijan has a population of over 8 million people, the majority of whom have different social and political experiences than over 30 million Azeris in the South, or in Iranian Azerbaijan. However, there are formidable historical, socio-cultural, ethnic, and linguistic ties that bind all Azerbaijanis together as one people....

  8. Thalassaemia in Azerbaijan.

    OpenAIRE

    Kuliev, A M; Rasulov, I M; Dadasheva, T; Schwarz, E I; Rosatelli, C; Saba, L; Meloni, A.; Gemidjioglu, E; Petrou, M; Modell, B

    1994-01-01

    beta thalassaemia is present throughout the southern regions of the former USSR. We have defined the clinical picture of the disorder, the spectrum of beta thalassaemia mutations, and the role of customary consanguineous marriage in Azerbaijan, where thalassaemia presents a public health problem of the same order as that in Greece. Contrary to earlier suggestions, we found that the common form of the disorder is typically severe. Typical Turkish, Mediterranean, Azeri, Kurdish, and Asian India...

  9. Corporate Governance Country Assessment : Azerbaijan

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2009-01-01

    This report assesses Azerbaijan's corporate governance framework-its laws and regulations, enforcement and common business practices. The report notes recent improvements in corporate governance regulation, makes recommendations of policy and institutional strengthening, and provides a benchmark against which to measure corporate governance in Azerbaijan. Note that the report covers only p...

  10. AZERBAIJAN-GERMANY: COOPERATION VECTORS

    OpenAIRE

    Zeinalova, Sudaba

    2008-01-01

    This article looks at cooperation between Azerbaijan and Germany in the context of European integration and presents a brief overview of how the political dialog, economic relations, and cultural ties between the Azerbaijan Republic and the Federative Republic of Germany have been developing over the past 15 years.

  11. Azerbaijan : Living Conditions Assessment Report

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2010-01-01

    Azerbaijan saw a substantial reduction in poverty during the 2000s, owing to significant economic growth and policies and programs that improved the distribution of wealth. Seizing the opportunity afforded by the oil boom, Azerbaijan initiated large public sector investment programs and supportive policies to increase wages and social protection transfers to the population, and institution...

  12. ON CHRISTIANITY IN MEDIEVAL AZERBAIJAN

    OpenAIRE

    Kasumova, Sara

    2010-01-01

    The author looks at Southern Azerbaijan, which is where the Christian Nestorian Church became particularly developed and widespread, as evidenced by the large number of church-administrative units (from episcopates to metropolitan sees) in this area. The chronological framework, the 4th to the first quarter of the 14th centuries, can be described as the most interesting period in the history of Christianity in Azerbaijan and a time of prominent church figures: Timothy I and Mar Jabalaha III, ...

  13. Azerbaijan: internally displaced amidst a booming economy

    OpenAIRE

    Petr Kostohryz

    2008-01-01

    Although the number of IDPs in Azerbaijan continues to beamong the highest per capita in the world, the NorwegianRefugee Council (NR C) is leaving Azerbaijan in 2008, after13 years of operations there.

  14. ISRAEL AND AZERBAIJAN:TO COUNTERACT IRAN

    OpenAIRE

    Khalifa-zadeh, Mahir

    2012-01-01

    It is well known that Azerbaijan's history does not have any anti-Semitic traditions. And during the time of the Russian and Soviet empires, Azerbaijan was not poisoned by anti-Semitism. Obviously, anti-Semitism has not been an issue in Azerbaijan. Moreover, many famous Jews were born and studied in Azerbaijan. The brilliant scientist of modern physics and Nobel Prize Laureate Lev Landau was born in Baku, Azerbaijan, in 1908 and attended Baku State University in 1922. 1 After the disintegrati...

  15. Republic of Azerbaijan; Selected Issues

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2014-01-01

    This Selected Issues paper uses a bank-level panel dataset to investigate the determinants of bank interest spreads in Azerbaijan over 2002–2013. The dealership model of Ho and Saunders is applied, supplemented by market structure and macroeconomic environment variables, to assess the extent to which high spreads of banks in Azerbaijan can be related to bank-specific variables or to a low degree of competition, controlling for macroeconomic factors. It is found that interest spreads are aff...

  16. Early Childhood Education in Azerbaijan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starnes, Lisa

    2000-01-01

    Describes the Early Learning Childhood Center in Azerbaijan's capital city. Focuses on the goals of the program; its initial development; staff ratios, compensation, and teacher training; curriculum; cultural challenges and compromise; and relationships with parents. Asserts that developing a culturally sensitive program is extremely difficult,…

  17. SOVIET STATE TERRORISM IN AZERBAIJAN

    OpenAIRE

    Ismailov, Eldar

    2010-01-01

    The author analyzes the Soviet policy of state terror pursued in 1937 and its specifics and consequences in Azerbaijan. He points out that in a relatively short period the Soviet totalitarian system reached the absolute limit in terms of human rights violations and personal insecurity of its citizens.

  18. Kenaf and bioremediation in Azerbaijan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scientists, businesses, and the Azerbaijan government are bringing together two ancient natural resources, petroleum and kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.), to create a balance between economic growth and environmental reclamation. Oil and kenaf have been used for over 2000 years. Although oil continu...

  19. Azerbaijan : Country Financial Accountability Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2003-01-01

    In the area of the country's financial accountability framework, Azerbaijan has already received and continues to receive a considerable amount of analysis, advice, and assistance, particularly in the areas of public financial management from the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, USAID, and lately, the European Union.. This CFAA summarizes the analysis performed to-date as well ...

  20. ON THE ECONOMIC COMPETITIVENESS OF AZERBAIJAN

    OpenAIRE

    Mamedov, Ruzi

    2010-01-01

    This article examines the parameters of Azerbaijan's economic competitiveness based on the reports of the World Economic Forum. To complete the picture, Azerbaijan's economic indicators are compared with those of countries similar to it in various respects: Georgia, Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkey, Ukraine and Armenia. The article presents analytical comparisons for 12 pillars of competitiveness, showing the strengths and weaknesses of Azerbaijan's competitiveness. It also considers the business e...

  1. THE PARLIAMENT IN AZERBAIJAN'S POWER DIVISION SYSTEM

    OpenAIRE

    Aliev, Ramil

    2009-01-01

    This article discusses issues typical of the current stage in state-building in Azerbaijan, that is, the place and functions of the Milli Mejlis (national parliament) in the context of balancing the different branches of power. Based on an analysis of extensive theoretical data and national law-making practice, the author gives several recommendations for further developing parliamentary activity in Azerbaijan.

  2. Technical and Vocational Education in Azerbaijan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Berlin (Germany).

    The educational system of the Azerbaijan Republic has inherited the main features of the former Soviet educational system: overcentralized and mostly based on the teaching principles of the old regime. The existing system of technical-vocational colleges (TVCs) is fairly evenly distributed in Azerbaijan. TVCs have maintained close relations with…

  3. Azerbaijan Demographic Change : Implications for Social Policy and Poverty

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2011-01-01

    This note provides an overview of demographic changes in Azerbaijan and their policy implications. Azerbaijan's population is younger than the populations of most countries in the region. It is estimated that the population in Azerbaijan will increase from about 7.2 million in 1990 to 10.6 million by 2050. Nevertheless, Azerbaijan is beginning to experience the aging of its population, aft...

  4. The oil tax regime of Azerbaijan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anderson, Gerard

    1998-07-01

    Azerbaijan has a long history in the oil business and a chance of a spectacular future. To understand why the oil tax regime evolved into its present form and how it is likely to develop, it is necessary to know something of the country's history and the commercial environment. Consequently the presentation begins by discussing these items. It then outlines the Production Sharing Agreement regime in Azerbaijan and then deals with the Kazakh and Georgian Tax Codes, as these are likely to be the basis of a new general tax law in Azerbaijan from 1999. The presentation includes comments on the New Draft Tax Code of 1998.

  5. STATE/REGIONAL GOVERNANCE: CONCEPTS, MODELS (AZERBAIJAN)

    OpenAIRE

    Gamidov, Samir

    2007-01-01

    The article analyzes modern concepts of state governance and its role in social development, considers aspects of regional governance, and offers a systemic/functional model of regional governance in Azerbaijan.

  6. AZERBAIJAN AND THE WORLD FINANCIAL CRISIS

    OpenAIRE

    Masimli, Ali

    2009-01-01

    This article takes a look at the nature and main features of the world financial crisis, the reasons for it, and why it became aggravated. It analyzes the influence of the world crisis on the financial, real, and social sectors of Azerbaijan’s economy. It puts forward possible development scenarios of the situation in Azerbaijan in the context of the world financial crisis. It examines the anti-crisis measures adopted by the government and the Central Bank of Azerbaijan, discusses ways to ove...

  7. ISLAMIC FINANCE AND ITS USE IN AZERBAIJAN

    OpenAIRE

    Sevimov, Samir

    2008-01-01

    This article examines some theoretical and applied aspects of Islamic economics. The author underscores its fundamental differences from Western models and explores the foundations of the Islamic economic system, the essence of loan interest and its influence on economic well-being. The question of the development of Islamic banking in Azerbaijan is seen through the prism of Islamic financial instruments.

  8. Microfossils in the productive sequence of Azerbaijan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afandiyeva, M. A.

    2013-11-01

    Microfossils from the Productive Complex of Azerbaijan are analyzed. Despite the presence of diverse fossils in this sequence that include reworked foraminifers and nannoplankton, autochthonous foraminiferal taxa, and endemic ostracods, none of their assemblages characterizing particular stratigraphic units are as yet defined. This work is aimed at making up for a deficiency in this knowledge.

  9. Turkey-Azerbaijan Energy Relations: A Political and Economic Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Cagla Gul YESEVI; Burcu Yavuz TIFTIKCIGIL

    2015-01-01

    It is now widely recognized that Turkey-Azerbaijan relations have always been strong and described with the phrase "one nation with two states”. This paper is concerned with economic and political nature of Turkey-Azerbaijan relations. Initially, the evolution of Turkish- Azerbaijani relations after the independence of Azerbaijan has been examined. This paper gives an overview of the impacts of Nagorno-Karabagh issue and efforts to normalize the relations between Turkey and Armenia on relatio...

  10. THE EVANGELICAL-LUTHERAN COMMUNITY IN AZERBAIJAN: A RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS

    OpenAIRE

    Zeinalova, Sudaba

    2007-01-01

    This article looks at the life of the Protestant religious community in Azerbaijan, studies the history of how the German population that formed the foundation of the Protestant, Evangelical-Lutheran community migrated to Azerbaijan, and sheds light on the activity of the Lutheran church. A scientific analysis of the ethnoconfessional diversity that exists today in Azerbaijan reconfirms the peace-loving and respectful attitude of the Azerbaijani people toward different cultures, and the tradi...

  11. FACTORS DETERMINING THE DIFFERENCES IN FDI INFLOWS INTO AZERBAIJAN''S AND RUSSIA''S OIL SECTORS AFTER INDEPENDENCE

    OpenAIRE

    Eyyubov, Kamran

    2011-01-01

    This article examines the FDI inflows into Azerbaijan's and Russia's oil sectors between 1991 and 2006. It identifies the main reasons for Azerbaijan's advantage over Russia. The author first gives a brief explanation of FDI in general, then identifies the different patterns of FDI inflow into the oil sectors of both Azerbaijan and Russia, and concludes his article by pointing out the main determinants of the differences in FDI inflow into the oil sectors of these two countries.

  12. Colloquium on Azerbaijan; Colloque sur l'Azerbaidjan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This colloquium on Azerbaijan was organized by the French center of foreign trade (CFCE). This document gathers the interventions of the participants and the debates with the audience following these interventions. The main topics on this conference day were: - the power rise of Azerbaijan: encouraging economic indicators, creation of the oil fund supplied by part of the petroleum profits, rationalization of the governmental structure, privatization of numerous companies; - the action of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) in Azerbaijan: transition towards a market economy, investment in various sectors (petroleum, small and medium-size companies, agriculture..); - present day situation of Azerbaijan: economy, foreign investments, role of France; - status of the TRACECA program 10 years after (Transport Corridor Europe Caucasus Asia): investment, development of road, maritime and rail transport; - the oil and gas context in Azerbaijan: Caspian area, exploration and production, pipeline projects; - French experience of companies working in Azerbaijan; - reality of business in Azerbaijan; - geo-strategy of Azerbaijan. (J.S.)

  13. Main Results of the Azerbaijan STEP Employer Survey

    OpenAIRE

    Rutkowski, Jan J.

    2015-01-01

    This note summarizes the main findings of the STEP Employer Skills Survey carried out in Azerbaijan in 2013. The note argues that there is a skills shortage in Azerbaijan. Azeri employers claim that it is difficult to find workers with required skills. The shortage is particularly pronounced in the case of modern, innovative firms, which tend to required more advanced skills. The education...

  14. Women, Men and Education in Azerbaijan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kifayat Aghayeva

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available There is a very popular saying in my country, “science is for a man, a woman’s place is athome.” Many talented women have struggled for a doctoral degree and most of them couldnot complete it because of one reason, a “violence rule of the main gatekeepers” ofacademia who are inclined to preserve the ideals to authorize their positions.As my research and teaching focus is gender, I always raise gender inequality problems inmy scientific works. I have some articles dealing with marginalization of women withinacademia or slow inclusion of women into the National Academia of the Republic ofAzerbaijan, but the situation remains unchanged. I show in my research how key positionsare considered male-dominated in our academia and universities. Cultural factors withinacademia are suggested as significant barriers, so if male and female applicants are underevaluation for PhD degrees, male applicants are preferred.Women encounter specific difficulties in trying getting PhD degrees or develop careers inacademia. The process of earning PhD demands very important sacrifices; forcing someoneto push forward, spend unlimited energy, make enduring efforts, and exclude private life(taking into consideration the patriarchal society in Azerbaijan, men could marry at any age without any problems, but even young women choose their partners for marriage from among those men who offer to marry them.My analysis in this field supports the assumption that academia is still male-dominated but this dominance is seen as natural (The Republic of Azerbaijan Constitution forbids gender inequality. This conception is open for construction and reconstruction in a continuingprocess.

  15. THE EXPORT-LED GROWTH HYPOTHESIS FOR AZERBAIJAN

    OpenAIRE

    Narin Emirhan, Pınar; Alakbarov, Elnur

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to test the export-led growth hypothesis for the Republic of Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan is an oil-exporting country and the share of oil and oil products in total exports is 94.78 percent in 2009. In this paper, the export-led growth hypothesis is tested for Azerbaijan using cointegration and error correction model techniques for the 1996-2008 period. Long-run and short-run relationship was found between real GDP, and exports and imports. The results fail to find any supp...

  16. Implementation of the Eastern Partnership initiative in Azerbaijan

    OpenAIRE

    GOMOLKA Krystyna

    2015-01-01

    Azerbaijan established political relations with the EU during the implementation of TACIS Programme projects and signed the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement with the EU in 1996. It joined the European Neighbourhood Policy in 2004 and the Eastern Partnership programme in 2009. Despite the sceptical attitude taken by Azerbaijan's government towards the Eastern Partnership initiative, the EU earmarked further funds for Azerbaijan for 2011–2014 as part of the European Neighbourhood and Partn...

  17. An Analysis of Youth Employment in Azerbaijan Success of Leadership

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fariz AHMADOV

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of our project statement includes youth unemployment, underemployment as well as the attitude of young people to the labor market. Youth unemployment is a global problem. In Azerbaijan, it is becoming more challenging not only because of the lack of jobs, but also the lack of technical skills such as CV and cover letter writing, job interviewing and so on. This paper offers a first comprehensive study of the relationship between labor market policies and youth employment in Azerbaijan. The second aim of this paper to learn the performance of young leaders, and leadership in Azerbaijan. Article has emerged as a result of project and primary, secondary data.

  18. POLITICAL RELATIONS BETWEEN AZERBAIJAN AND ARMENIA IN 1917-1918

    OpenAIRE

    Alizade, Zakhida

    2008-01-01

    The author draws on analytical and factual data to look into the entanglements in the political relations between Azerbaijan and Armenia that predated the emergence of two independent states—the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (ADP) and the Armenian Republic—in 1918. Zakhida Alizade describes the national policy of the Provisional Government that set up a Special Transcaucasian Committee, the activities of the Transcaucasian Seym, and the thorny road leading to national statehood; she dwells o...

  19. Recent tectonics of East (Iranian) Azerbaijan from stress state reconstructions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamani G., Behzad; Masson, Frédéric

    2014-01-01

    Iranian (East) Azerbaijan (E-Azerbaijan), in northwestern Iran, is characterized by relatively complex active tectonics. The area is shaped like a lozenge and is bordered by strike-slip faults. This region includes three fold and thrust belts, the Arasbaran, Ghoshe Dagh and Bozkosh mountain ranges, and includes a set of N-S trending compressive thrusts and folds and a set of E-W trending compressive structures.

  20. IRANIAN AZERBAIJAN: THE EPICENTER OF A COLD WAR

    OpenAIRE

    Gasanly, Jamil

    2008-01-01

    The author based his investigation of a wide range of issues related to the national-liberation movement in South Azerbaijan on a wealth of foreign publications, press reports, and documents (some of them previously unknown) from Azerbaijanian, Russian, American, and Georgian archives, which allowed him to conclude that the Great Powers’ confrontation over Iranian Azerbaijan replaced the wartime alliance with the Cold War. Stalin’s attempt to use the national-liberation movement in the region...

  1. Investment regulation of non-oil sector in Azerbaijan

    OpenAIRE

    Guliyeva Parvana

    2016-01-01

    The overall investment climate in Azerbaijan maintains a long-term positive trend, thus retaining a number of significant problems specific to the economic transition period. In recent years, the Government of Azerbaijan managed to achieve a greater integration of the country into the world economic system, attract foreign investment, diversify the structure of the national economy and to maintain its sustainable growth. This has largely contributed to the rapid development of non-oil sector,...

  2. Seismicity in Azerbaijan and Adjacent Caspian Sea

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    So far no general view on the geodynamic evolution of the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea region is elaborated. This is associated with the geological and structural complexities of the region revealed by geophysical, geochemical, petrologic, structural, and other studies. A clash of opinions on geodynamic conditions of the Caucasus region, sometimes mutually exclusive, can be explained by a simplified interpretation of the seismic data. In this paper I analyze available data on earthquake occurrences in Azerbaijan and the adjacent Caspian Sea region. The results of the analysis of macroseismic and instrumental data, seismic regime, and earthquake reoccurrence indicate that a level of seismicity in the region is moderate, and seismic event are concentrated in the shallow part of the lithosphere. Seismicity is mostly intra-plate, and spatial distribution of earthquake epicenters does not correlate with the plate boundaries

  3. State and directions of improvement of external commercial relations of Azerbaijan with the Arab countries

    OpenAIRE

    Latifa Nasibova

    2015-01-01

    In this article the condition of external trade turnover and external commercial relations of Azerbaijan with the Arab countries based on different statistic data are analysed; the role and place of the Arab countries in external commercial relations of Azerbaijan are defined and the recommendations for the improvement of external commercial relations of Azerbaijan with the Arab countries are provided.

  4. Prospects of development of the external economic relations of Azerbaijan with Egypt

    OpenAIRE

    Latifa Nasibovа

    2015-01-01

    In the article it is analysed the condition of the external economic relations of Azerbaijan with Egypt. The place and role of Egypt in foreign economic relations of Azerbaijan are defined. The recommendations to improve foreign economic relations of Azerbaijan with Egypt are provided.

  5. Testing the Rentier State Theory: The Case of Azerbaijan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alper Almaz

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This article shall focus on the political aspects of the resource curse theory, in particular the rentier state theory as a sub-theory of the resource curse. The rentier state is a political economy theory that seeks to account for state society relations in states that get most of their revenues, in the form of rents, from resource sector. Besides, the theory asserts that these rents have an effect on democracy, economic growth and security matters of the resource rich countries. Applying this theory to Azerbaijan shall contribute to Azerbaijan's political economy literature. In this paper, I argue that revenues generated from energy exports hinder democracy in Azerbaijan since they are used for fulfilling pockets of political elites and hampering emergence of any opposition to the dominant groups. In the very first part of the paper, the rentier state theory will be elaborated. More specifically, the concept of rentier state and how a rentier state behaves will be explained in detail so as to provide a framework for the case study of this paper. In the second part after giving a short brief about Azerbaijan's energy reserves and societal problems the rentier state theory will be applied to Azerbaijan in order to find out whether it suffers from the rentier state deficiencies. Indeed, the rentier effect and the repression effect of the theory will be analysed. In the final part, concluding remarks will be delivered with a laconic summary of the paper.

  6. Ecological features of rare actinomycetes genera in soils of Azerbaijan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. R. Abushova

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The results of the research of rare species of actinomycetes in some soils of Azerbaijan were studied. On the selective media the representatives of Streptomyces, Streptosporangium, Micromonospora, Actinomadura, Microbispora, Saccharopolyspora and Saccharomonospora were revealed. Species of Streptomyces and Micromonospora dominate in mountain-wood ecosystems (60 %.. It was established that among streptomyces species of Cinereus section of Violaceus series; Helvolo-Flavus sections of Helvolus series, Roseus sections of Fuscus series; Azureus sections of Coerulescens series. It was established that amount of termotolerant actinomycetes in the investigated desert soils of Azerbaijan depends on the incubation temperature. The species of Streptomyces, Micromonospora, Saccharopolyspora and Actinomadura genera were isolated from desert soils of Azerbaijan.

  7. Right to free and fair elections in Azerbaijan : Electoral legislation and electoral practice of Azerbaijan with regards to international law and democracy

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    The thesis discusses the right to participate in free and fair elections and its exercise in Azerbaijan in context of international law and democracy. The main focus of the study is directed to analysis of conformity of electoral legislation and electoral practice of Azerbaijan with its international obligations and democratic standards. As analysis and asessment of international organizations show, the electoral laws and held electons in Azerbaijan have many serious flaws and breaches which ...

  8. The Persistence of Profits in Azerbaijan's Banking System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Batu TUNAY

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In this research, the persistence of profits in Azerbaijan's banking sector in the short-run and the long-run is investigated. Although there are a lot of researches done in the case of different countries, enough study has been implemented for the case of Azerbaijan despite of its high speed economic growth. This research analysis continuity of profits by using system panel data method. Obtained results indicate that profits demonstrate no persistence or a little persistence. In this context, existence of competitive powers in the sector can be stated.

  9. EXPORT BASIS AND FORMATION OF AZERBAIJAN ENERGY POLICY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. I. Iousoubov

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes a current situation in national economy and export  of Azerbaijan, budget policy in oil production countries and reveals that nowadays an increase of export potential and diversification of export basis must be one of the main purposes of foreign economy strategy of any state.The paper also shows the necessity to form a State system for encouraging export and national economy in Azerbaijan and prospects of its development and considers an influence of world financial crisis on energy policy of the country.

  10. IMPLEMENTATION OF THE EASTERN PARTNERSHIP INITIATIVE IN AZERBAIJAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krystyna GOMOLKA

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Azerbaijan established political relations with the EU during the implementation of TACIS Programme projects and signed the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement with the EU in 1996. It joined the European Neighbourhood Policy in 2004 and the Eastern Partnership programme in 2009. Despite the sceptical attitude taken by Azerbaijan's government towards the Eastern Partnership initiative, the EU earmarked further funds for Azerbaijan for 2011–2014 as part of the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument. During the third Eastern Partnership summit in Vilnius in November 2013, Azerbaijan signed only an agreement concerning visa facilitations and readmission. However, it also undertook certain measures as part of the five Eastern Partnership initiatives. In the framework of the Integrated Border Management Programme, Azerbaijan implemented projects connected with improving the access of resettled people to the judicial system, creation of electronic border control systems, social protection, increasing public awareness to eliminate domestic violence, improving assimilation of asylumseekers and immigrants, and supporting occupational health organisations. Activities aimed at supporting SMEs included training for entrepreneurs, promotional conferences and loans to the SME sector. Recommendations of the initiative promoting the creation of regional electrical and renewable energy markets were implemented by Azerbaijan in the form of 33 projects as part of the INOGATE Programme. With respect to environmental management, Azerbaijandeveloped a digital regional atlas of natural disasters, and with respect to natural disaster mitigation it planned population protection measures. Azerbaijan was ranked last but one in the evaluation presented in the annual report prepared by the EU. The transformation process in this country has been slow and illusory in certain aspects. Nevertheless, the EU has continued its

  11. CENTRAL ASIA AND AZERBAIJAN:LONG-TERM ENERGY STRATEGIES

    OpenAIRE

    Zhukov, Stanislav; Reznikova, Oksana

    2012-01-01

    This article looks at the current state of and prospects for development of the energy sector in the post-Soviet countries of Central Asia and Azerbaijan and gives forecasts of the possibilities of implementing long-term energy projects in these regions.

  12. Public Education in Soviet Azerbaijan: Appraisal of an Achievement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avakov, R., Ed.; Atakishiev, A., Ed.

    A comprehensive review of the public education system in Soviet Azerbaijan, this book traces the system's development since its establishment in 1920; it examines the system's context, goals, and organization, and analyzes its achievements and their economic effects. Two sections (four chapters each) cover the periods before and since the…

  13. Caught in the Web: Overcoming and Reproducing Hegemony in Azerbaijan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preuss, Cara; Morway, Carolyn

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores university student access to and use of technology in Azerbaijan in the context of hegemony in computer-assisted language learning (CALL). Due to perceptions of a lack of technology access in the university context, the instructors in this study did not initially pursue a CALL agenda. Based on data sources that included a…

  14. Mapping organizational linkages in the agricultural innovation system of Azerbaijan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Temel, T.

    2004-01-01

    This study describes the evolving context and organisational linkages in the agricultural innovation system of Azerbaijan and suggests ways to promote effective organisational ties for the development, distribution and use of new or improved information and knowledge related to agriculture. Graph-th

  15. FINANCIAL MARKET OF AZERBAIJAN: CURRENT CONDITION AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Guliyev

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the economic model of Azerbaijan. Main components of the financial market are being analyzed: state budget, state oil fund, banking system, foreign debt and etc. This article assesses the impact of the global financial crisis on the national economy. Moreover, future development perspectives of the financial market and the economy are being examined as well.

  16. Hyperspectral remote sensing and mud volcanism in Azerbaijan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scholte, K.H.

    2005-01-01

    The fact that Azerbaijan mud volcanoes are closely associated with oil and gas makes their study and identification of the physical and chemical properties of insitu mud volcano surfaces important. Although the composition of in-situ mud volcano surfaces can be highly variable, it usually correspond

  17. Ecological problems of development of the urban settlement in Azerbaijan

    OpenAIRE

    Mammadov Malikmamed Khanoglan ogli

    2015-01-01

    The article studies the status of ecological system of large cities in Azerbaijan, analyzes and evaluates the factors affecting the urban environment. Observance of hygiene and sanitary conditions for the improvement of quality of the urban environment, comfortable life of people has been determined as a key criterion in the article.

  18. An overview of women's work and employment in Azerbaijan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. van Klaveren; K. Tijdens; M. Hughie-Williams; N. Ramos Martin

    2010-01-01

    This report provides information on Azerbaijan on behalf of the implementation of the DECISIONS FOR LIFE project in that country. The DECISIONS FOR LIFE project aims to raise awareness amongst young female workers about their employment opportunities and career possibilities, family building and the

  19. Preventing radiological threat in the Republic of Azerbaijan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Azerbaijan is a developing and transit country in the Caucasus, connecting East and West. In addition, Azerbaijan is neighboring countries with pronounced political instability, some of which have extensive nuclear infrastructure or try to develop nuclear infrastructure. Furthermore, in the recent past fundamentalist religious terrorism has taken roots in some of these countries. Therefore, in spite of the fact that the Republic of Azerbaijan has no nuclear facilities or nuclear materials in its own territory, it could be interesting for terrorist groups trying to develop a crude radiological dispersal device using radioactive sources that are widely used in everyday life especially in such areas as oil industry, medicine, agriculture and scientific researches. The issues of reduction and prevention of both radiological and nuclear terrorism threat are one of the main global challenges around the world. The Republic of Azerbaijan is a part of world community and so we are concerned that radioactive sources used for peaceful applications could be stolen by the terrorist groups and used in the development of radiological dispersal devices sometimes referred to as a 'dirty bomb'. It is obvious that using highly radioactive materials in radiological dispersal devices could be very disruptive to society, causing panic, environmental contamination, and large financial losses. One of the ways for reduction and prevention of radiological threat for the countries like Azerbaijan with underdeveloped nuclear security and radiation safety infrastructure is closely participation in the international cooperation programs. As an example of such cooperation, I would like to present the United States Department of Energy's International Radiological Threat Reduction (IRTR) Program. Good progress has made in the field of radiological security within the framework of this program that was started 2003. Actually, in comparison with any IAEA programs, the progress reached by

  20. Seroprevalence of Toxocariasis in Children in East- Azerbaijan Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yagoob Garedaghi

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Toxocariasis is a zoonotic disease caused by the ascarid of dogs and cats, the main representative of which is a Toxocara canis. Distribution of the disease is world wide and is more prevalent in children. The present study was carried out in children of East Azerbaijan Province, Iran, to determine the toxocariasis seropositivity. Material and Methods: For the present seroepidemiological study, blood samples were collected at random from children of all the five districts of the East Azerbaijan Province. A total of 336 children, 187 males and 149 females in age group of 0-15 years were selected for the present study. ELISA was used for detection of IgG antibodies against Toxocara excretory secretary antigen. A questionnaire interview was conducted to obtain the data concerning their age, sex and habits. The particular points in the questionnaire asked were recorded on the format right on the spot. Results: Gender was found to be a significant risk factor for the Toxocara infection in children population. Male children were found more infected (41.71% as compared to females (24.16%. The total seroprevalence of T. canis antibodies in children of East Azerbaijan Province was 29.46 %. The risk factors that were found associated with the infection of toxocariasis in children population of East Azerbaijan Province include family back ground, status of living conditions, awareness, etc. Conclusion: The present study reveals high prevalence of T. canis infection in children of East Azerbaijan Province. It is important to raise the awareness of health professionals, public and educators to the fact that toxocariasis is a public health problem. Health promotion by means of a school based educational approach, diagnosis and continuous programme of treatment are necessary. [Cukurova Med J 2013; 38(4.000: 581-586

  1. [The aspects of pricing policy in Azerbaijan pharmaceutical sector].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dzhalilova, K I; Alieva, K Ia

    2012-01-01

    The effect of macro-, middle- and microeconomic factors on price formation in Azerbaijan pharmaceutical market has been studied. Worldwide pharmaceutical leaders have the goals to become leader on the pharmaceutical market of Azerbaijan and maximize their market share. Non-leaders pharmaceutical companies use different strategies of price formation: prime cost plus markup, or price formation on the base of current prices. It was revealed that domestic pharmaceutical market has high demand elasticity. Future market development is related to stimulation of product development, and hard penetration to the market through realization of price formation strategy. Non-state pharmaceutical organizations to achieve the purpose of survive in conditions of high competition should take in to account the factor perceptions of assortment by customers.

  2. ENERGY RESOURCE TRANSPORTATION BY COUNTRIES WITH NO ACCESS TO THE OPEN SEA(AN AZERBAIJAN CASE STUDY)

    OpenAIRE

    Ibrahimov, Rovshan

    2011-01-01

    Azerbaijan is pursuing a targeted policy that envisages maintaining reliable transport corridors and diversification of hydrocarbon deliveries to the world markets. This article looks at the strategies and tactical steps Azerbaijan is taking to reach the above-mentioned goals.

  3. AZERBAIJAN BANKING SYSTEM: CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS OF GLOBALIZATION

    OpenAIRE

    Murshudli, Fakhri

    2008-01-01

    This article explores the development problems of the Azerbaijan Republic’s banking system in the context of financial globalization. The author analyzes its current state, focusing on its successes, objective difficulties and unresolved problems. He describes the main manifestations of globalization processes in the world banking services market and pays much attention to problems that may be encountered in these conditions by the domestic banking sector, particularly after Azerbaijan’s acce...

  4. Hotel industry in Azerbaijan: problems perspectives of entrepreneurship development

    OpenAIRE

    Gasanov Arzu Nadzhaf

    2014-01-01

    The article considers the essence of the entrepreneurship activity and the characteristic features of a businessman. The definition of the entrepreneurship according to the Azerbaijan legislation is given. Then, the tourism, peculiarities and legislation base of business in tourism industry and hotel economy characterized, the main data of the activities of replacement enterprises in the country, the level of quality of hotel service and analyzed, the main problems are listed and the conclusi...

  5. Evaluation of onion cultivation energy balance in east Azerbaijan province

    OpenAIRE

    Gorttapeh, Abdullah Hasanzadeh; Kordlar, Momamad Eskandari; Talat, Farshid; Roshdi, Mohsen; Akhondi, Naser; Salehzadeh, Hojat; Amirnia, Reza

    2008-01-01

    One of the estimating methods of agricultural development and production stability in agricultural locations is the use of energy flow method. In this consideration energy flow in agricultural ecosystems of onion in East Azerbaijan was calculated by the use of gathered information and data via questionnaire and statistics of related Province’s agricultural Jihad organization and farms. The related data of inputs and outputs were altered to equal amounts of consumer and productive ...

  6. Ecological features of rare actinomycetes genera in soils of Azerbaijan

    OpenAIRE

    A. R. Abushova; S. A. Gasanova; M. A. Kasimzade

    2010-01-01

    The results of the research of rare species of actinomycetes in some soils of Azerbaijan were studied. On the selective media the representatives of Streptomyces, Streptosporangium, Micromonospora, Actinomadura, Microbispora, Saccharopolyspora and Saccharomonospora were revealed. Species of Streptomyces and Micromonospora dominate in mountain-wood ecosystems (60 %.). It was established that among streptomyces species of Cinereus section of Violaceus series; Helvolo-Flavus sections of Helvolus...

  7. Factors Affecting the Profitability of Azerbaijan Banking System

    OpenAIRE

    Nuriyeva, Zülfiyye

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRACT: The financial services industry varies day by day and the evaluation of the profitability of the financial institution become an important aspect in nowadays. Banks are the integral part of the financial market, and in order to stay at that level necessary to determine how banks operate and what factors affect their profitability. This thesis investigates factors influencing the profitability of banks in Azerbaijan. The external and internal factors were reviewed, and the relationsh...

  8. Azerbaijan Republic; Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2004-01-01

    This paper examines the progress report on Azerbaijan Republic’s Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper. The share of the production and non-oil sector in GDP has increased. The shares of industry, construction, wholesale, and retail and service sectors increased, while the shares of agriculture transport and communication, hotel, restaurant, social and informal service sectors and net taxes from goods and imports decreased. Agricultural reforms lead to a real growth rate of 6.4 percent in 2002 a...

  9. Investigation of the Dashigil mud volcano (Azerbaijan) using beryllium-10

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, K. J.; Baskaran, M.; Jweda, J.; Feyzullayev, A. A.; Aliyev, C.; Matsuzaki, H.; Jull, A. J. T.

    2013-01-01

    We collected and analyzed five sediments from three mud volcano (MV) vents and six suspended and bottom sediment samples from the adjoining river near the Dashgil mud volcano in Azerbaijan for 10Be. These three MV are found among the 190 onshore and >150 offshore MV in this region which correspond to the western flank of the South Caspian depression. These MVs overlie the faulted and petroleum-bearing anticlines. The 10Be concentrations and 10Be/9Be ratios are comparable to the values reported for mud volcanoes in Trinidad Island. It appears that the stable Be concentrations in Azerbaijan rivers are not perturbed by anthropogenic effects and are comparable to the much older sediments (mud volcano samples). The 10Be and 9Be concentrations in our river sediments are compared to the global data set and show that the 10Be values found for Kura River are among the lowest of any river for which data exist. We attribute this low 10Be concentration to the nature of surface minerals which are affected by the residual hydrocarbon compounds that occur commonly in the study area in particular and Azerbaijan at large. The concentrations of 40K and U-Th-series radionuclides (234Th, 210Pb, 226Ra, and 228Ra) indicate overall homogeneity of the mud volcano samples from the three different sites. Based on the 10Be concentrations of the mud volcano samples, the age of the mud sediments could be at least as old as 4 myr.

  10. Molecular Identification of Nosema species in East Azerbaijan province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Razmaraii, N.

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Nosema is a genus of microsporidia, which have significant negative impacts on honeybees. The aim of thisstudy is the epidemiological evaluation and molecular characterization of Nosema spices in various countiesof East-Azerbaijan province (Northwest of Iran. 387 samples were collected from colonies maintained invarious counties of East-Azerbaijan province. Samples after preparation were examined by a lightmicroscope for presence of Nosema spores. PCR method (SSUrRNA gene was used to differentiatebetween Nosema apis (N. apis and N. ceranae. Descriptive statistics were used for data analysis. Totalinfection prevalence of the microscopic evaluation and PCR tests were 225 (58.1% and 260 (67.1%respectively, total validity of PCR test against the microscopic test was computed equal to 1.1 in this case.Disease distribution in various counties of study area was variable and N. ceranae was the only Nosema species found to infect honeybees. The one species presence and different distribution of Nosema positive samples in various counties of East-Azerbaijan province may be due to multiple reasons. Furthermore,epidemiological information helps us to improve disease management practices in the studied area, apply new hygiene policy and reduce extra costs of production.

  11. The diversity of mud volcanoes in the landscape of Azerbaijan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rashidov, Tofig

    2014-05-01

    As the natural phenomenon the mud volcanism (mud volcanoes) of Azerbaijan are known from the ancient times. The historical records describing them are since V century. More detail study of this natural phenomenon had started in the second half of XIX century. The term "mud volcano" (or "mud hill") had been given by academician H.W. Abich (1863), more exactly defining this natural phenomenon. All the previous definitions did not give such clear and capacious explanation of it. In comparison with magmatic volcanoes, globally the mud ones are restricted in distribution; they mainly locate within the Alpine-Himalayan, Pacific and Central Asian mobile belts, in more than 30 countries (Columbia, Trinidad Island, Italy, Romania, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Iran, Pakistan, Indonesia, Burma, Malaysia, etc.). Besides it, the zones of mud volcanoes development are corresponded to zones of marine accretionary prisms' development. For example, the South-Caspian depression, Barbados Island, Cascadia (N.America), Costa-Rica, Panama, Japan trench. Onshore it is Indonesia, Japan, and Trinidad, Taiwan. The mud volcanism with non-accretionary conditions includes the areas of Black Sea, Alboran Sea, the Gulf of Mexico (Louisiana coast), Salton Sea. But new investigations reveal more new mud volcanoes and in places which were not considered earlier as the traditional places of mud volcanoes development (e.g. West Nile Rive delta). Azerbaijan is the classic region of mud volcanoes development. From over 800 world mud volcanoes there are about 400 onshore and within the South-Caspian basin, which includes the territory of East Azerbaijan (the regions of Shemakha-Gobustan and Low-Kura River, Absheron peninsula), adjacent water area of South Caspian (Baku and Absheron archipelagoes) and SW Turkmenistan and represents an area of great downwarping with thick (over 25 km) sedimentary series. Generally, in the modern relief the mud volcanoes represent more or less large uplifts

  12. Notes on the true bug (Heteroptera) fauna of Azerbaijan province, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    GHARAAT, Mohammad Ali; Hassanzadeh, Mohammad

    2009-01-01

    The Heteroptera fauna in east Azerbaijan and west Azerbaijan provinces in northwestern Iran was surveyed during 2005-2006. In all, 73 species from 18 families were collected and identified, of which 1 species, Mozena lunata (Burmeister, 1835) (Coreidae), is a new record for the Palearctic ecozone and 6 species are newly recorded from Iran.

  13. The 2012 Eurovision Song Contest can be a tool for change in Azerbaijan

    OpenAIRE

    Milli, Emin

    2012-01-01

    This month, Azerbaijan will host the Eurovision Song Contest. The Azerbaijani dissident blogger Emin Milli believes this is a great opportunity for the country: He calls upon the participants to voice public criticism of the Azerbaijan government’s human rights violations and to demand the release of political prisoners.

  14. The formal political system in Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan. A background study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heinrich, Andreas

    2010-03-15

    The text presented here is the background study on the political system in Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan. It deals with the development of the formal political system as well as its practical application. In our analysis, we focus on the direct policy outcomes of the interaction between political and economic elites in Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan since the end of the Soviet Union. (orig.)

  15. [Genetic Diversity of Vitis vinifera L. in Azerbaijan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salayeva, S J; Ojaghi, J M; Pashayeva, A N; Izzatullayeva, V I; Akhundova, E M; Akperov, Z I

    2016-04-01

    To examine the genetic diversity of Vitis vinifera L., growing in the Republic of Azerbaijan in the region near the Caspian Sea, nuclear genomes of 31 cultivated and 34 wild grapevine accessions were studied at population and individual levels using five ISSR primers. In total, 51 fragments were amplified, of which 45 were found to be polymorphic. A high level of polymorphism was revealed (the mean PPF and PIC values constituted 87.69% and 0.94, respectively). High values of the EMR, MI, and RP indices showed the effectiveness of the application of ISSR primers and the possibility of their use in further investigations in this direction. Cluster analysis based on Nei's genetic distance values showed that all genotypes could be grouped into seven main clusters. Furthermore, no differences between the wild and cultivated grape wine accessions were revealed. For instance, there was no distinct distribution of the accessions according to their geographical localization. On the basis of the PIC values, the group of cultivars from Absheron Peninsula--was distinguished by the highest polymorphism level (PIC = 0.36). Natural populations from the Guba and Shabran regions were characterized by a relatively low polymorphism level (PIC = 0.31 and PIC = 0.28, respectively); and a wild population from Nabran demonstrated the lowest polymorphism level (PIC = 0.25). The data obtained confirmed paleontological and historical data of different periods, provide the supposition that Azerbaijan is the center of diversity of V. vinifera L. In addition, our data indicate that Azerbaijan grape landraces originated from local wild forms. PMID:27529978

  16. Investigation of the Dashigil mud volcano (Azerbaijan) using beryllium-10

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, K.J., E-mail: kjkim@kigam.re.kr [Korea Geological Research Division, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, Daejeon 305-350 (Korea, Republic of); Baskaran, M.; Jweda, J. [Department of Geology, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202 (United States); Feyzullayev, A.A.; Aliyev, C. [Geology Institute of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (ANAS), Baku, AZ 1143 (Azerbaijan); Matsuzaki, H. [MALT, University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan); Jull, A.J.T. [NSF Arizona AMS Lab, University of Arizona, AZ 85721 (United States)

    2013-01-15

    We collected and analyzed five sediments from three mud volcano (MV) vents and six suspended and bottom sediment samples from the adjoining river near the Dashgil mud volcano in Azerbaijan for {sup 10}Be. These three MV are found among the 190 onshore and >150 offshore MV in this region which correspond to the western flank of the South Caspian depression. These MVs overlie the faulted and petroleum-bearing anticlines. The {sup 10}Be concentrations and {sup 10}Be/{sup 9}Be ratios are comparable to the values reported for mud volcanoes in Trinidad Island. It appears that the stable Be concentrations in Azerbaijan rivers are not perturbed by anthropogenic effects and are comparable to the much older sediments (mud volcano samples). The {sup 10}Be and {sup 9}Be concentrations in our river sediments are compared to the global data set and show that the {sup 10}Be values found for Kura River are among the lowest of any river for which data exist. We attribute this low {sup 10}Be concentration to the nature of surface minerals which are affected by the residual hydrocarbon compounds that occur commonly in the study area in particular and Azerbaijan at large. The concentrations of {sup 40}K and U-Th-series radionuclides ({sup 234}Th, {sup 210}Pb, {sup 226}Ra, and {sup 228}Ra) indicate overall homogeneity of the mud volcano samples from the three different sites. Based on the {sup 10}Be concentrations of the mud volcano samples, the age of the mud sediments could be at least as old as 4 myr.

  17. Hotel industry in Azerbaijan: problems perspectives of entrepreneurship development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gasanov Arzu Nadzhaf

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The article considers the essence of the entrepreneurship activity and the characteristic features of a businessman. The definition of the entrepreneurship according to the Azerbaijan legislation is given. Then, the tourism, peculiarities and legislation base of business in tourism industry and hotel economy characterized, the main data of the activities of replacement enterprises in the country, the level of quality of hotel service and analyzed, the main problems are listed and the conclusion about the state of the business in the sphere of hotel industry is made.

  18. Oriental mythology and Azerbaijan novel: points of intersection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salida Sh. Sharifova

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The mixing of Azerbaijan novels with mythologies has been analyzed in the this article. Author considered some forms of genre mixing in her research. She described the influence of mythology on signs of the genre of novels. Author of the article revealed the motives of writers when referring to the myth. The list of possibilities for mixing with a myth had been given by author of the article. Dr. Sharifova was investigated the modern Azerbaijani novels myths and novels anti-myths.

  19. Methane emission from mud volcanoes in eastern Azerbaijan

    OpenAIRE

    Etiope, G.; Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione Roma2, Roma, Italia; Feyzullaiev, A.; Geology Institute of Azerbaijan; Baciu, C. L.; Babes Bolyai University; Milkov, A. V.; British Petroleum, Texas

    2004-01-01

    Methane (CH4) flux to the atmosphere was measured from gas vents and, for the first time, from soil microseepage at four quiescent mud volcanoes and one ‘‘everlasting fire’’ in eastern Azerbaijan. Mud volcanoes show different activity of venting craters, gryphons, and bubbling pools, with CH4 fluxes ranging from less than one to hundreds of tons per year. Microseepage CH4 flux is generally on the order of hundreds of milligrams per square meter per day, even far away from the a...

  20. AZERBAIJAN'S INDEPENDENCE AND THE GEOINTERESTS OF THE RUSSIAN AND OTTOMAN EMPIRES

    OpenAIRE

    Gafarov, Vasif

    2009-01-01

    The author has taken as his subject the problem of Azerbaijan's independence in the light of relations between Russia and the Ottoman Empire at the concluding stages of World War I. In fact, Azerbaijan found itself in the center of all the problems that developed between these two countries. The Ottoman Empire tried to capitalize on the "right of nations to self-determination" proclaimed by Russia in order to achieve independence for Azerbaijan and also helped to set up loyal regimes in the C...

  1. Azerbaijan Academy of Sciences and CERN interested in developing cooperation in nuclear physics

    CERN Multimedia

    Babayeva, S

    2006-01-01

    "A meeting with representatives of the Central of European Researach for Nuclear (CERN) was held, on December 5, 2006, at the Institute of physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan." (1/2 page)

  2. Etiologic assessment of maternal mortality in west Azerbaijan, Iran: a retrospective descriptive study

    OpenAIRE

    Shiva Jabbari; Soheila Rabiepoor; Aida S. Forough; Rasoul Entezarmahdi

    2016-01-01

    Background: The occurrence of maternal death threatens the family foundation and childrens health. Determining factors affecting maternal mortality can help us adopt more effective strategies to prevent similar events. This study aimed to determine the factors involved in maternal deaths in West Azerbaijan between years 2007 and 2012. Methods: A descriptive retrospective study was performed. Data were collected from health vice chancellor of West Azerbaijan database. Results: According ...

  3. Azerbaijan Republic; Report on Observance of Standards and Codes-Fiscal Transparency Module-Update

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2003-01-01

    This paper presents an update to the Report on Observance of Standards and Codes on Fiscal Transparency Module for Azerbaijan. Reforms aimed at delineating the roles of the public and private sector in Azerbaijan have moved forward, but a significant amount of work still lies ahead. During 2002, the government simplified requirements for business licensing in an effort to strengthen private sector development. Important steps were also taken toward clarifying the relationship between the gove...

  4. Macroeconomic Analysis and Graphical Interpretation of Azerbaijan Economy in 1991-2012

    OpenAIRE

    Aliyev, Khatai; Suleymanov, Elchin

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this research is to analyze macroeconomic performance and discuss transition indicators in Azerbaijan economy for 1991-2012. After regaining independence in 1991, Azerbaijan implemented economic transition process toward market economy. In the first years of independence, serious economic recession was observed. However, after 1995, the restructuring of the economy started. In this sense, signing the “Contract of the Century” was a turning point toward oil based high speed economic...

  5. Biogenic amines determination in some traditional cheeses in West Azerbaijan province of Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Seyed Mehdi Razavi Rohani; Javad Aliakbarlu; Ali Ehsani; Hassan Hassanzadazar

    2013-01-01

    Biogenic amines (BA) are nitrogenous compounds that possess biological activity. The source of production is the microbial decarboxylation of amino acids. This compounds are found in various types of cheese. The aim of this work was to evaluate the BA content of some traditional cheeses in West Azerbaijan province Iran. For this purpose, 70 samples of Koopeh, 10 samples of Lighvan and 5 samples of Red Salmas cheeses were obtained from local supermarkets of different cities of West Azerbaijan ...

  6. THE ESTABLISHMENT OF FARM DATA SYSTEM IN AZERBAIJAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Namig SHALBUZOV

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Scarce information on production costs and farms profitability, in line with the lack of adequate institutional arrangements between the institutions collecting, processing and analyzing information are serious obstacles to the preparation of relevant analyses. The establishment of FDMS will address these problems and allow to collect, process and analyze information on small and medium farms level, which produce more than 90 percent of agricultural products in Azerbaijan Republic. Establishment process of FDMS is analysed and recommendations for improvement are put forward in this article. This can also be in interest of Republic of Moldova which has signed the association agreement with EU and is going to enter this organisation in future. Because, establishment of FADN is one of the most important terms obligatory for EU member states.

  7. GPS constraints on the deformation of Azerbaijan and surrounding regions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aktuğ, Bahadır; Meherremov, Elçin; Kurt, Mustafa; Özdemir, Soner; Esedov, Namaz; Lenk, Onur

    2013-07-01

    In this study, we present new GPS observations in Azerbaijan to provide an improved basis for determining the distribution of crustal deformation throughout the country and surrounding areas. The deformation field in the region has been analyzed with a dense GPS network configuration and a reliable quantification of the ongoing deformation was achieved. Results show that while contraction is dominant over the whole region, it is mostly concentrated on the middle and eastern parts of Caucasus Thrust Fault reaching up to 6.4 ± 0.2 mm/yr and Lesser Caucasus Fault does no accommodate more than 1-2 mm/yr of contraction. New network also clearly substantiates that the West Caspian Fault, which is a continuation of Caucasus Thrust Fault in the south, accommodates right-lateral slip rates of 7.1 ± 0.3 mm/yr in addition to 5.5 ± 0.3 mm/yr contraction rates.

  8. Distribution of Radioactive Materials in the Absheron Peninsula, Azerbaijan - 13567

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vandergraaf, Tjalle T. [Consultant, Pinawa, MB, R0E 1L0 (Canada); Mamedov, Gudrat G.; Ramazanov, Mahammadali A.; Badalov, Vatan H. [Baku State University, Baku (Azerbaijan); Naghiyev, Jalal A. [Institute of Radiation Problems of ANAS, Baku (Azerbaijan); Mehdiyeva, Afat A. [National Aerospace Agency of Ministry of Defense Industry, Baku (Azerbaijan)

    2013-07-01

    The Absheron Peninsula forms the extreme Eastern part of Azerbaijan and juts into the Caspian Sea. The region has a long history of oil and gas exploration, transport, and processing and includes a number of abandoned chemical plants that were used in the separation of iodine from formation waters. As a result of lax environmental standards during the Soviet era, the industrial activity has led to serious contamination from oils residues, heavy metals and naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM). Radiometric surveys performed over a wide range of the Absheron Peninsula showed generally low NORM concentrations. However, radiation levels two to three orders of magnitude above background levels were detected at two abandoned iodine separation plants near the capital city, Baku. These elevated radiation levels are mainly due to Ra-226 and U-238 with lower contributions from Ra-228 and U-235. (authors)

  9. SOVIET RUSSIA AND THE FORMATION OF BORDERS BETWEEN THE CAUCASIAN STATES(BASED ON A CASE STUDY OF AZERBAIJAN AND ARMENIA)

    OpenAIRE

    Mustafaeva, Sitara

    2010-01-01

    This article looks at issues associated with the establishment of the Azerbaijan-Armenia border in 1920-1922. Based on extensive facts, it tries to shed light on the reasons for the territorial disputes between Azerbaijan and Armenia.

  10. Device development for radioecology monitoring in Azerbaijan Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Last time in the territory of Azerbaijan Republic that's in the land and especially in Azerbaijan sector of Caspian Sea have observed the irreversible processes as result of anthropogenic influences to the environment. In the main these inclinations envelope following from signed oil contracts the boring works for prospecting and production, building works on the oil pipelines and increase of quantity of the wastes created by these kinds of an activity. But at the land these inclinations envelope the revealing of radioactive materials at not controlled sectors of military bases leave in inheritance by former Soviet Union. At the same time have observed sharp increase of the transit load transporting power on the 'Silk way' route restored within the frames of TRACEKA. And that, in its turn, demand the organization of corresponding control of these loads. For organization of above-mentioned works have proposed next devices and equipment: The device DRG-01Az designed for an exposure dose power measurements of gamma radiations. Air gamma spectrometer. Managed from scientific-research craft the gamma spectrometer for gamma removals of seabed. Stationary radiation post for continuous control of the transit trucks. Proposed devices have worked out by the group of Special Space Device Development Bureau of Azerbaijan National Aerospace Agency. It should be noted that this group had important achievements at the sphere of space device development still since 70-th years. So in 1981 within the frames of the Soviet-French combined experiment was make a multi-channel gamma spectrometer mounted on the aerostat flied on the large heights (30-40 km). In 1983 was work out an orbital device 'RS-17' located at the satellite 'Cosmos-1638'. In 1987 was make a gamma telescope 'Pulsar X-1' established on the orbital station 'Mir'. A telescope is working successfully till now. Above-mentioned devices establish on the basis of obtained achievements. For example, the constructional demands

  11. AZERBAIJAN: INDEPENDENCE AND THE RELIGIOUS PARADIGM(THE ISLAMIC QUESTION AGAINST THE BACKGROUND OF TWENTY YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE)

    OpenAIRE

    Ataev, Teymur

    2012-01-01

    This article presents a comprehensive discussion of the development of Islam in post-Soviet Azerbaijan, the problems of the Islamic community, the way they have affected the stability of the state, and the ways Islam and its creative potential can be used to promote social progress in Azerbaijan.

  12. Dew, fog, drizzle and rain water in Baku (Azerbaijan)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meunier, D.; Beysens, D.

    2016-09-01

    Dwindling supplies of fresh water and climate changes have drawn attention to the need to find alternative sources of water globally. This study examines the potential of the semi-arid region of Baku (Azerbaijan) to exploit in particular dew, but also fog, drizzle and rain water. The Absheron Peninsular suffers from scarceness of water and non-hazardous water sources. Measurements were taken in this region on a 30° inclined plane passive condenser over a year (1/4/2010-31/3/2011) to determine the contribution and validity of using these alternative sources of water. The results show a significant relative contribution from these sources during this period (rain: 84 mm; dew: 15 mm; fog: 6 mm; drizzle: 13 mm). The fact that rain was measured within 23 km from the main station leads to uncertainties in its relative contribution. However, at least for the year under study, there are fair indications that collecting dew, fog and drizzle in addition to rain can significantly increase the collected atmospheric water with value estimated on order 40% ± 20%.

  13. Problems Encountered during the Transition to Market Economy in Azerbaijan and Solution Attempts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elchin SULEYMANOV

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available After re-gaining its independence on 18 October 1991, the Republic of Azerbaijan started the transformation to the market-based economy and the integration into the world economy. The country’s oil and natural gas reserves have been considered the main source for financing a range of government programs for reforms. On the one hand, these reserves had to be used effectively; on the other hand, there was a huge demand for foreign investment for extraction. To this end, Azerbaijan has signed “Contract of the Century” in 1994. Although Azerbaijan has wide oil and natural gas reserves, it has faced a number of difficulties in its transition path. This study analyzes these problems and reforms for solving them. One of the types of the problems related to the economic structure of the former Soviet Union: disruption of the economic ties between the republics resulted in a decline of production, high levels of unemployment and prices and consequently led to an economic recession in all of the republics. Another set of problems related to the lack of sufficient institutional bases to transform to the market economy. Moreover, internal conflicts between the political parties and groups for having authority as well as political chaos in the republic can be considered other serious problems during the transition period. Furthermore, Karabakh war and occupation of 20 percent of the Azerbaijani territory by the Armenian military forces had made the situation extremely complicated. Despite all of these extremes, Azerbaijan transformed to the market-based economy decidedly and even became one of the fast growing countries of the world. Even in 2013, with the GDP growth rate of 5.6 percent, Azerbaijan was a leader among growing economies. In parallel with this significant economic development, there is still a need for some socio-economic and institutional reforms in order to get a well-functioning market-based economy in Azerbaijan.

  14. The effect of maternal healthcare on the probability of child survival in Azerbaijan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habibov, Nazim; Fan, Lida

    2014-01-01

    This study assesses the effects of maternal healthcare on child survival by using nonrandomized data from a cross-sectional survey in Azerbaijan. Using 2SLS and simultaneous equation bivariate probit models, we estimate the effects of delivering in healthcare facility on probability of child survival taking into account self-selection into the treatment. For women who delivered at healthcare facilities, the probability of child survival increases by approximately 18%. Furthermore, if every woman had the opportunity to deliver in healthcare facility, then the probability of child survival in Azerbaijan as a whole would have increased by approximately 16%. PMID:25110673

  15. Womenʼs Burden of Disease and Injuries in East Azerbaijan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sevil Hakimi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aim of this study is assessment of burden of disease in East Azerbaijan women. Materials and Methods: In this project we used of disability adjusted life years (DALY as an index of burden of disease. Results: Cardiovascular disease, cancers and unintended injuries 71.98% of DALY for premature death. The 3 leading causes of YLD in East Azerbaijan province were: psycineurotic disorders, musculoskeletal and urogenital diseases.Conclusion: This study shows that YLL is 3 fold of YLD and this indicated to lower quality of life of women.

  16. The Effect of Maternal Healthcare on the Probability of Child Survival in Azerbaijan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nazim Habibov

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study assesses the effects of maternal healthcare on child survival by using nonrandomized data from a cross-sectional survey in Azerbaijan. Using 2SLS and simultaneous equation bivariate probit models, we estimate the effects of delivering in healthcare facility on probability of child survival taking into account self-selection into the treatment. For women who delivered at healthcare facilities, the probability of child survival increases by approximately 18%. Furthermore, if every woman had the opportunity to deliver in healthcare facility, then the probability of child survival in Azerbaijan as a whole would have increased by approximately 16%.

  17. Etiologic assessment of maternal mortality in west Azerbaijan, Iran: a retrospective descriptive study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shiva Jabbari

    2016-06-01

    Conclusions: Maternal mortality is still considerably high in West Azerbaijan. Increasing the coverage and the quality of prenatal and postpartum care, family planning counseling, and improving the skills and knowledge of the medical and midwifery staff would be effective in reducing maternal mortality rates. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2016; 5(6.000: 1846-1850

  18. Employment Pattern Pressure for Pragmatic Change in Universities: Azerbaijan Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadirkhanov, Ruslan

    2009-01-01

    This work reflects the results of a student survey and focus-group discussions and in-depth interviews with educators and policy practitioners to examine the connections between the higher education system and labour market demands in Azerbaijan. A notion of an Index of Students' Optimism regarding employment prospects has been introduced in this…

  19. A STUDY ON VOWEL HARMONY IN THE DIALECTS OF AZERBAIJAN TURKISH IN IRAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir KHALILZADEH

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Vowel harmony (VH is a phonological rule which is mainly related with the vowels, though some degrees of harmony exist between vowels and consonants and also between some consonants in the dialects of Azerbaijan Turkish in Iran . The purpose of this paper is to study the treatment of vowel harmony in the dialects of Azerbaijan Turkish in Iran. In fact, the researcher has made an attempt to find a reliable answer to the question "Is vowel harmony realized in the speech of the Azerbaijan Turks in Iran?" Using the necessary linguistic data collected from the inforants of the dialects and within the framework of generative phonology, the author of the paper has attempted to evaluate the present-day situation of vowel harmony in the above-mentioned dialects of Azerbaijan Turkish (a synchronic study. The results of the study showed that, except some violations mostly observed in the loanwords, there is an innate harmony in the roots of the words and a stronger and more stable harmony between the roots and the suffixes of these dialects, so vowel harmony is realized in these dialects to a relatively high degree. The study demonstrates that vowel harmony is a major and distinctive phonological rule in these dialects.

  20. Kenaf and bioremediation in Azerbaijan: Planting locations, plant populations, and varieties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scientists, businesses, and the Azerbaijan government are bringing together two ancient natural resources, petroleum and kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.), to create a balance between economic growth and environmental reclamation. Oil and kenaf have been used for over 3000 years. Although oil continu...

  1. TOLERANCE AS THE BEDROCK OF CONFESSIONAL AND SOCIOCULTURAL HARMONY IN AZERBAIJAN

    OpenAIRE

    Allakhverdieva, Aysel

    2008-01-01

    The author bases her conclusion that the experience of many centuries of peaceful coexistence of different ethnic groups and confessions in Azerbaijan can provide answers to the challenges of the globalizing world on her detailed analysis of the past and present of religious tolerance in this country.

  2. Macroeconomic Analysis and Graphical Interpretation of Azerbaijan Economy in 1991-2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khatai ALIYEV

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to analyze macroeconomic performance and discuss transition indicators in Azerbaijan economy for 1991-2012. After regaining independence in 1991, Azerbaijan implemented economic transition process toward market economy. In the first years of independence, serious economic recession was observed. However, after 1995, the restructuring of the economy started. In this sense, signing the “Contract of the Century” was a turning point toward oil based high speed economic growth or oil boom period. Thus, by opening “Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan” pipeline in 2005, Azerbaijan’s macroeconomic indicators experienced considerable growth for the following years. On the other hand, Azerbaijan officially declared the end of economic transition process in its economy in 2009. In this paper, the authors discuss the political-economic and economic process in the whole period as well as analyze the macroeconomic performance with and without oil & gas contribution. In addition, the authors question what would happen if economic transition period ended in Azerbaijan’s economy. It is concluded that oil & gas production has a serious impact over macroeconomic indicators and transition indicators, and for Azerbaijan it implies only a partly end of economic transition, though not completely.

  3. Reducing the Vulnerability of Azerbaijan's Agricultural Systems to Climate Change : Impact Assessment and Adaptation Options

    OpenAIRE

    Ahouissoussi, Nicolas; James E. Neumann; Srivastava, Jitendra P.; Okan, Cuneyt; Brent B. Boehlert; Strzepek, Kenneth M.

    2014-01-01

    In countries such as Azerbaijan, the risks of climate change for the agricultural sector are a particularly immediate and important problem because the majority of the rural population depends either directly or indirectly on agriculture for their livelihoods. The need to adapt to climate change in all sectors is now on the agenda of the countries and development partners. International ef...

  4. Education and the Crisis of Social Cohesion in Azerbaijan and Central Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silova, Iveta; Johnson, Mark S.; Heyneman, Stephen P.

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the authors examine the role of education in the maintenance of social cohesion and the formation of new identities amid the economic decline and political volatility of six new nations: Azerbaijan, in the southern Caucasus, and Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan in Central Asia. The authors first…

  5. THE MAIN DIRECTION INCREASING LEVEL OF INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC RELATIONS BETWEEN AZERBAIJAN REPUBLIC AND PEOPLE''S REPUBLIC OF CHINA

    OpenAIRE

    ABDULLAYEV KAMRAN

    2015-01-01

    The article dedicated increasing level of international economic relations between Azerbaijan Republic and People's Republic of China. In article realized analyze and gave estimation modern condition of economic collaboration between two countries.

  6. Why had the Money Market Approach been irrelevant in explaining inflation in Azerbaijan during the rapid economic growth period?

    OpenAIRE

    Fakhri, Hasanov; Khudayar, Hasanli

    2011-01-01

    The study examines whether inflation process can be explained within the framework of the Money Market Approach in the third stage of economic development of Azerbaijan economy covering 2004-2008. By employing dynamic modeling study concludes that the Money Market Approach has not been relevant for explaining Azerbaijani inflation. Because Azerbaijan, a resource rich small open economy in transition processes, has some stylized facts which are important to take into account in the analysis of...

  7. The Race for Leasing Rights: Pasture Access and Institutional Change During Post-socialist Reforms in Azerbaijan

    OpenAIRE

    Neudert, Regina; Rühs, Michael

    2013-01-01

    "Within the context of transition and pasture reform in Central Asian and Caucasian countries our study focuses on the pasture reform in Azerbaijan. The pasture reform in Azerbaijan has received little attention in scientific literature although it displays a rapid emergence of individualised rights for pasture plots, which is an exceptional development in this region. Using empirical case study evidence we analyse the implementation and outcomes of the reform process for pasto...

  8. The battle for Azerbaijan : Azeri Perspectives on the Observation of the 2005 Parliamentary Elections and the Post-Election Period

    OpenAIRE

    Torjesen, Stina; Øverland, Indra

    2006-01-01

    This report seeks to highlight the role of international observer missions of the 9 November 2005 parliamentary election in Azerbaijan. It also presents in-depth assessments of the pre- and post-election situation in the country. The six articles that are presented in the volume have been produced by leading scholars or development practitioners in Azerbaijan. The report forms part of the ‘Network for Election Observation and Exchange’. This is project that is supported by the ...

  9. Electoral Survival of the Most Corrupt Azerbaijan, Georgia, and American Regional Goals; Strategic Insights: v.2, issue 12 (December 2003)

    OpenAIRE

    Salmoni, Barak

    2003-01-01

    This article appeared in Strategic Insights (December 2003), v.2 no.12 Between 15 October and 2 November 2003, contentious elections took place in Azerbaijan and Georgia. Polling was accompanied by government intimidation, results falsification, and clashes between citizens and security forces. Both elections also came at a time when incumbent governments were weak. The election campaigns also drove regime rhetoric about simmering conflicts with neighbors (Azerbaijan) and breakaway groups ...

  10. In-Depth Review of the Investment Climate and Market Structure in the Energy Sector. Azerbaijan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Azerbaijan is located at the crossroads of the Middle East, Europe and Asia. It is a republic with a presidential form of government. Azerbaijan was admitted to the Council of Europe in 1991, and is an observer in the WTO since 1997. The country is rich in oil and gas resources, which offer great potential for its future development. Azerbaijan's macroeconomic performance in recent years has been robust. GDP grew at a rate of approximately ten per cent per year, and inflation has been held below two per cent. Extraction and processing of oil and gas-related activities account for more than 30 per cent of GDP, and may increase further in the future. The Azerbaijani currency, the manat, is stable. The consolidated government budget recorded a surplus of 1.5 per cent of GDP in 2001. The external debt ratio continues to be moderate at about 22% of GDP in 2001. Azerbaijan fulfils the conditions of Article VIII of the IMF's Articles of Agreement. Azerbaijan welcomes foreign investment. It has attracted significant amounts of FDI in recent years (total FDI stocks currently stand at USD 3.8 billion), of which more than 65 per cent have flown into the oil and gas sector. Further investments in the range of USD 10 billion are expected in the coming years, mainly in connection with the development of newly discovered oil and gas fields. The Azeri government accords high priority to liberalisation, private sector development and the establishment of a market economy. A number of important steps have been taken in recent years in this direction. In 2001, a new State Oil Fund was set up, to serve as an instrument for economic stability and future economic development. Reform programs aiming at poverty reduction and economic growth were launched under the auspices of the IMF and the World Bank. A new Privatisation Law was adopted in May 2000. The restructuring of the gas sector is under preparation. First steps to privatise the electricity sector have been undertaken. In order to

  11. WP 92 - An overview of women's work and employment in Azerbaijan

    OpenAIRE

    Maarten Klaveren; Kea Tijdens; Melanie Hughie Williams; Nuria Ramos Martin

    2010-01-01

    This report provides information on Azerbaijan on behalf of the implementation of the DECISIONS FOR LIFE project in that country. The DECISIONS FOR LIFE project aims to raise awareness amongst young female workers about their employment opportunities and career possibilities, family building and the work-family balance. This report is part of the Inventories, to be made by the University of Amsterdam, for all 14 countries involved. It focuses on a gender analysis of work and employment. _Hist...

  12. Agroecological evaluation of soils suitable for viniculture on the southeastern macroslope of the Great Caucasus (Azerbaijan)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mamedov, G. Sh.; Yusifova, M. M.

    2013-08-01

    Data on the agroecological evaluation of soils suitable for viniculture on the southeastern macroslope of the Great Caucasus in Azerbaijan are discussed. The quality of major soil types and subtypes has been assessed on the basis of special scales developed for the particular soil properties. The agroecological classes of soils have been specified, and the limiting and favorable ecological factors for winegrowing have been determined. On this basis, the areas with best ecological conditions for the development of viniculture have been outlined.

  13. Religiosity and Trust in Religious Institutions: Tales from the South Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia)

    OpenAIRE

    Charles, Robia

    2009-01-01

    Abstract: The paper examines the determinants of trust in religious institutions in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia—three countries with low levels of religiosity as measured by attendance, prayer and fasting, yet high levels of trust in religious institutions. The analysis employs individual-level survey data from the Caucasus Research Resource Centers’ (CRRC) 2007 Data Initiative and uses OLS regression to show that while religious practices do not determine trust in religious instituti...

  14. Sustainable Solution for Increasing the Share of Solar Photovoltaic Usages on Residential Houses in Azerbaijan

    OpenAIRE

    Elnur Abbasov

    2016-01-01

    The Republic of Azerbaijan, as the largest nation state in the South Caucasus Region, has the potential for developing and using renewable sources of energy in order to support the environmental challenge resolution associated with climate change, improving the environmental situation in the country. Solar photovoltaic (PV) comprises one of the direct usages of solar energy. In this paper, a sustainable PV usage scenario in residential houses was introduced to reduce negative environmental ef...

  15. Study of Development of Information and Communication Technology in Azerbaijan with Marketing Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Rovshan Karimov; Zaur Imrani

    2015-01-01

    This paper is devoted to study of development and also spread of information and communication technology, including activity of mobile operators and telecommunications satellite in Azerbaijan. In the study work, particular emphasis is laid on conducting marketing in order to investigate the current condition of communication technology, and also the role of related subjects of entrepreneurship as key players in the market. With applying marketing, the advantages and also existing problems in...

  16. Fauna and Larval Habitats of Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae of West Azerbaijan Province, Northwestern Iran.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farahnaz Khoshdel-Nezamiha

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Several important diseases are transmitted by mosquitoes. Despite of the potential of the occurrence of some mosquito-borne diseases such as West Nile, dirofilariasis and malaria in the region, there is no recent study of mosquitoes in West Azerbaijan Province. The aim of this investigation was to study the fauna, composition and distribution of mosquitoes and the characteristics of their larval habitats in this province.Larvae and adult collections were carried out from different habitats using the standard methods in twenty five localities of seven counties across West Azerbaijan Province.Overall, 1569 mosquitoes including 1336 larvae and 233 adults were collected from 25 localities. The details of geographical properties were recorded. Five genera along with 12 species were collected and identified including: Anopheles claviger, An. maculipennis s.l., An. superpictus, Culex pipiens, Cx. theileri, Cx. modestus, Cx. hortensis, Cx. mimeticus, Culiseta Longiareolata, Ochlerotatus caspius s.l., Oc. geniculatus and Uranotaenia unguiculata. This is the first record of Oc. geniculatus in the province.Due to the geographical location of the West Azerbaijan Province, it comprises different climatic condition which provides suitable environment for the establishment of various species of mosquitoes. The solidarity geographical, cultural and territorial exchanges complicate the situation of the province and its vectors as a threat for future and probable epidemics of mosquito-borne diseases.

  17. Comparative Study: Impact of Family, School, and Students Factors on Students Achievements in Reading in Developed (Estonia) and Developing (Azerbaijan) Countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shukakidze, Berika

    2013-01-01

    The work is based on PISA 2009 International Assessment Study. Two counties were selected: a developed country, Estonia and a developing country, Azerbaijan. The following Datum was used for statistical analysis: students average scores in reading (162 schools, 4 600 students from Azerbaijan; 17 schools, 4 923 students from Estonia). The work is…

  18. Prevalence and correlates of intimate partner violence by type and severity: population-based studies in Azerbaijan, Moldova, and Ukraine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ismayilova, Leyla; El-Bassel, Nabila

    2013-08-01

    The article estimates the prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of intimate partner violence (IPV) by type and severity in population-based samples from three countries of the former Soviet Union (fSU). The article utilized nationally representative data from the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) conducted in Azerbaijan (2006), Moldova (2005), and Ukraine (2007). Respondents were selected using stratified multistage cluster sampling. The sample included ever-married (or cohabitating) females of reproductive age (15-49 years old); weighted sample n = 3,847 in Azerbaijan, n = 4,321 in Moldova, and n = 2,355 in Ukraine. The analysis used multinomial survey logistic regression adjusting for the sampling design and sampling weights. Ten percent of ever-partnered women in Azerbaijan and Ukraine and 20% in Moldova ever experienced physical IPV (without sexual) from their most recent husband or cohabitating partner; 3% of women in Azerbaijan and Ukraine and 5% in Moldova experienced sexual IPV (with or without physical), and 2% of women in Azerbaijan, 3% in Ukraine, and 6% in Moldova experienced violence resulting in severe physical injuries from their most recent partner. In all three countries physical, sexual, and injurious IPV was higher among formerly married women. Compared to women with above secondary education, women with secondary education or below demonstrated higher risk for physical IPV (in Moldova and Ukraine), sexual IPV in Moldova, and injurious IPV in all three countries. Poor socioeconomic status-as indicated by low household wealth status in Azerbaijan and partner's unemployment in Moldova and Ukraine-was significantly associated with higher risk for physical and injurious IPV. In Moldova and Ukraine partners' low level of education was associated with higher risk for sexual IPV. The article demonstrates that experiences and factors associated with IPV are diverse and context specific. The findings may be helpful in targeting interventions to

  19. The Importance of Azerbaijan's Energy Revenues in its Exports Volume and the Effects on the National Economy

    OpenAIRE

    Suleymanov, Elchin; Nuri Aras, Osman; Huseynov, Ruslan

    2013-01-01

    Large energy reserves have been a major contributor to the Azerbaijan economy, and affected the country's exports volume, and have become a main determinant of the country's economic structure. Azerbaijan is a country that has major oil and gas based economy with the completion of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan Oil Pipeline in 2005 and Baku-Tbilisi-Erzurum Gas Pipeline in 2007. First export oil was pumped into Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan in May 2005, and the oil reached Ceyhan in May 2006. On the other hand...

  20. Epizootology and Molecular Diagnosis of Lumpy Skin Disease among Livestock in Azerbaijan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeynalova, Shalala; Asadov, Kliment; Guliyev, Fizuli; Vatani, Mahira; Aliyev, Vidadi

    2016-01-01

    Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is a viral disease of livestock that can cause cutaneous and internal lesions, affecting milk production, hide quality and in some cases death of the infected animal. After an outbreak in neighboring Iran, a working group from the Azerbaijan State Veterinary Control Service was sent to the border rayons (administrative districts) to determine if any cattle in southern Azerbaijan were infected. The Rayonal Veterinary Offices were contacted to look for and report any cases of LSD in their rayons. Animals exhibiting clinical signs consistent with LSD infection were first observed in the rayon of Bilasuvar and more cases were subsequently identified in Jalilabad, Ujar, and Aghdash rayons. Samples were collected from blood, and/or lesions of suspected infected animals and internal organs of cattle that died and were tested at the Republican Veterinary Laboratory in Baku using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). From June to November 2014, 2,762 cattle in Azerbaijan were reported to have clinical signs or gross necropsy lesions consistent with LSD. Of 269 samples tested for LSD virus by real-time PCR, 199 (74%) were positive. A total of 33 cattle died, which was 1.2% of those exhibiting clinical signs of disease. Samples from nodular cutaneous lesions were more frequently positive by PCR and had higher concentrations of virus than blood and pooled internal organ samples. Preventative measures including movement restrictions, vector control and vaccination were put into place to slow the spread of disease. Ongoing surveillance should continue as environmental persistence of the virus may lead to further outbreaks of disease. PMID:27446057

  1. Epizootology and Molecular Diagnosis of Lumpy Skin Disease among Livestock in Azerbaijan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeynalova, Shalala; Asadov, Kliment; Guliyev, Fizuli; Vatani, Mahira; Aliyev, Vidadi

    2016-01-01

    Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is a viral disease of livestock that can cause cutaneous and internal lesions, affecting milk production, hide quality and in some cases death of the infected animal. After an outbreak in neighboring Iran, a working group from the Azerbaijan State Veterinary Control Service was sent to the border rayons (administrative districts) to determine if any cattle in southern Azerbaijan were infected. The Rayonal Veterinary Offices were contacted to look for and report any cases of LSD in their rayons. Animals exhibiting clinical signs consistent with LSD infection were first observed in the rayon of Bilasuvar and more cases were subsequently identified in Jalilabad, Ujar, and Aghdash rayons. Samples were collected from blood, and/or lesions of suspected infected animals and internal organs of cattle that died and were tested at the Republican Veterinary Laboratory in Baku using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). From June to November 2014, 2,762 cattle in Azerbaijan were reported to have clinical signs or gross necropsy lesions consistent with LSD. Of 269 samples tested for LSD virus by real-time PCR, 199 (74%) were positive. A total of 33 cattle died, which was 1.2% of those exhibiting clinical signs of disease. Samples from nodular cutaneous lesions were more frequently positive by PCR and had higher concentrations of virus than blood and pooled internal organ samples. Preventative measures including movement restrictions, vector control and vaccination were put into place to slow the spread of disease. Ongoing surveillance should continue as environmental persistence of the virus may lead to further outbreaks of disease. PMID:27446057

  2. Hyalomma aegyptium on Spur-thighed Tortoise (Testudo graeca) in Urmia Region West Azerbaijan, Iran

    OpenAIRE

    M Tavassoli; N Rahimi-Asiabi; E Tavassoli

    2007-01-01

    Background: Ticks are obligate blood feeders that parasitize a wide variety of animals. Hyalomma aegyptium, parasitize tortoises and other small wild life and livestock. This study was carried out to determine spur-thighed tortoise (Testudo graeca) infestation to H. ageyptium in Urmia region West Azerbaijan of Iran. Methods: The study was carried out over a 16 month period from the spring of 2004 to the fall of 2005. A total of 32 tor¬toises were sampled. Results: The results indicated that 1...

  3. New data on Albian-Coniacian radiolarians from the Kelevudag section (northeastern Azerbaijan)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bragina, L. G.; Bragin, N. Yu.

    2015-01-01

    The reinvestigation of upper Albian and Cenomanian radiolarians from the Albian-Late Cretaceous Kelevudag section of northeastern Azerbaijan described in classical works by Kh.Sh. Aliev revealed the presence of upper Turonian-?lower Coniacian species among their assemblages. The identified radiolarian taxons form several successive assemblages: Dorypyle? anisa-Crolanium triangulare (upper Albian), Patellula spica-Trisyringium echitonicum (Cenomanian), Orbiculiforma quadrata-Pseudodictyomitra pseudomacro-cephala (upper Turonian-?lower Coniacian). It is established that the species Dictyomitra sagitafera Aliev belongs to the genus Pseudodictyomitra.

  4. Is There a J-curve for Azerbaijan? Evidence from Industry-Level Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Jamilov, Rustam

    2012-01-01

    This paper has attempted to estimate the J-curve phenomenon for Azerbaijan using quarterly industry-level data over the period 2000-2009. A weighted average of the production indexes of Azerbaijan’s four major trading partners, which account for 70% of Azerbaijan’s total trade turnover, was chosen as a proxy for foreign income. Ten non-oil industries, which amount to 97% of Azerbaijan’s non-oil foreign trade, have been analyzed. A recent technique in cointegration has been employed, which all...

  5. THE TREND OF BIRTH RATE AND SOME FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH HIGH FERTILITY IN WEST AZERBAIJAN, IRAN

    OpenAIRE

    A.Nadim; Sh. Salarilak

    2000-01-01

    In order to determine the exact birth rate and also percent of birth - orders in all births in the province of west Azerbaijan, all centres of birth registration in the province were asked to fill a questionnaire at the time of issuing identity document for children. In the questionnaire, parents were asked to mention the place of birth, sex and birth order of the children and also the occupation and education of the mother and the father. This study was carried out in 1996. During this year ...

  6. Energy policy of the former Soviet Union republics by the example of Belarus and Azerbaijan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There was a centralized energy supply policy of the former Soviet republics before the collapse of the USSR. After that these republics became independent states, the situation changed dramatically. Now each country has become forced to conduct its own energy policies. Some countries like Belarus were without significant domestic fuel and energy resources, others such as Azerbaijan, became the exporters of energy resources. Both categories of states set themselves first of all two main objectives: economic growth and energy security. Key words: energy policy, energy security, energy efficiency, diversity of supply

  7. One-dimensional velocity model of the Middle Kura Depresion from local earthquakes data of Azerbaijan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yetirmishli, G. C.; Kazimova, S. E.; Kazimov, I. E.

    2011-09-01

    We present the method for determining the velocity model of the Earth's crust and the parameters of earthquakes in the Middle Kura Depression from the data of network telemetry in Azerbaijan. Application of this method allowed us to recalculate the main parameters of the hypocenters of the earthquake, to compute the corrections to the arrival times of P and S waves at the observation station, and to significantly improve the accuracy in determining the coordinates of the earthquakes. The model was constructed using the VELEST program, which calculates one-dimensional minimal velocity models from the travel times of seismic waves.

  8. ARCHAEOMETALLURGICAL STUDIES OF SPEAR HEADS AND ARROW HEADS OF THE MIDDLE BRONZE AGE SITES OF AZERBAIJAN

    OpenAIRE

    Hasanova, Aziza

    2015-01-01

    Quantitative spectroscopy analysis of spear heads and arrow heads of Middle Bronze Age sites of Azerbaijan (second part of the III to the middle of the II millennium BC) has been made to determine the type of the alloy taking into account the accepted limits of natural impurity in metals ( - 0.5% and more). The analyses have shown that copper is the basic materials in all of them. Metallurgical classification the results of sixteen analysis spear heads have shown three of them made of arsenic...

  9. CHILDHOOD GUILLIAN-BARRE SYNDROME IN THE IRAN’S EAST AZERBAIJAN PROVINCE: 2001-2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Barzegar

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available  ObjectiveThis study aims at determining the epidemiologic, presenting symptoms, clinical course and electrophysiologic features of childhood Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS in the East Azarbaijan province over a period of five years.Materials & Methods All the patients, agedResultsOne hundred and twelve subjects were enrolled during this period. The average annual incidence rate was 2.21 per 100000 population of children agedConclusion The axonal type of GBS is a relatively common form of childhood GBS occurring in East Azerbaijan.Keywords: Guillian-Barre syndrome , Childhood, Epidemiology, Electrodiagnosis, Clinical features, East Azarbaijan

  10. The effect of the rise of petroleum in Azerbaijan: diagnosis and policies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurèlia Mañé Estrada

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available The Republic of Azerbaijan must face up to a double challenge: to go from being a centrally planned economy to being a market economy and managing productively the significant hydrocarbon resources found in the Caspian Sea. Some International Monetary Fund experts feel that the most plausible hypothesis regarding the Azeri economy’s futureis that it will behave in a way similar to the OPEC countries. Specifically, they argue that Azerbaijan may suffer a contraction of manufacturing production as a result of the boom in the hydrocarbons sector –the so-called “Dutch syndrome”– and that the phenomenonmay be aggravated by a undervaluation of the currency typical of economies in transition. This study sets out to determine whether this diagnosis is accurate and whether the series of political economics measures they propose for remedying the situation is appropriate for putting the country on the path of balanced growth. In both cases the answer is no, given that it appears unlikely that in the short term Dutch syndrome effects will be generated in this economy and that the most probable result of the policies proposedwould be the creation of a petroleum enclave which, in the context of globalization, would encourage a new “petro-dollarization” of international financial markets.

  11. Biogenic amines determination in some traditional cheeses in West Azerbaijan province of Iran

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    Seyed Mehdi Razavi Rohani

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Biogenic amines (BA are nitrogenous compounds that possess biological activity. The source of production is the microbial decarboxylation of amino acids. This compounds are found in various types of cheese. The aim of this work was to evaluate the BA content of some traditional cheeses in West Azerbaijan province Iran. For this purpose, 70 samples of Koopeh, 10 samples of Lighvan and 5 samples of Red Salmas cheeses were obtained from local supermarkets of different cities of West Azerbaijan province. After preparation of samples, biogenic amines content was evaluated by modified HPLC method. The presence of histamine, cadaverine, putrescine and tyramine in tested cheeses were observed. Total amount of biogenic amines was highest in Red Salmas cheese with 1426.91 ppm. It followed by Lighvan cheese and Koopeh cheese with 1008.98 and 517.71 ppm, respectively. Putrescine, cadaverine, histamine and tyramine were detected in Koopeh cheese at levels up to 156.09, 282.34, 70.80, 8.48 ppm respectively. These amines were detected also in Lighvan cheese at levels up to 277.53, 342.74, 37.58, 351.12 ppm and in Red Salmas cheese samples at levels up to 438.03, 701.05, 105.21, 182.62 ppm, respectively. Large amounts of biogenic amines can indicate non hygienic conditions and contamination of used milk for cheese production.

  12. Epidemiology of malaria in East Azerbaijan province, Iran, from 2001 to 2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarafraz, Seddigheh; Ghabouli Mehrabani, Nader; Mirzaei, Yaghoub; Jafari, Rasool; Ghabouli Mehrabani, Reza; Rahnamaye Hayati, Vahid; Parsaei, Mahdi; Fatollahzadeh, Mohammad

    2016-09-01

    Malaria is one of the most important parasitic diseases worldwide, which is characterized by high morbidity and mortality in tropical and subtropical regions. The aim of this study was to evaluate epidemiology of malaria in East Azerbaijan province, Iran, from 2001 to 2013. During 13 years, blood samples were taken from all suspected malaria cases using lancet and then peripheral blood smear was prepared using one blood drop. The smears were stained by Giemsa's stain and were examined under a light microscope with 1000X of magnification. All demographic variables and epidemiological recorded data were obtained from Health Center and were analyzed by SPSS v. 16 software using descriptive statistical tests. Total of 133 cases were fined to be infected by malaria in 13 years that the highest rate (54.13 %) was observed in Kaleybar county. One hundred and fifteen (86.46 %) and 18 (13.54 %) out of 133 infected individuals were male and female, respectively. Mean age of the infected people was 31.57 years. The most affected age group was 30-40 years. One hundred twenty seven (95.48 %) and 6 (4.52 %) cases were infected by Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum, respectively. Based on the findings of this study, the incidence of malaria has been declined continuously over the past decade in East Azerbaijan province, Iran. PMID:27605789

  13. First report of citrus exocortis viroid and two citrus variants of the hop stunt viroid on lemon in Azerbaijan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Budwood received from a lemon tree growing at the Bioresources Institute Nakhichivan, Azerbaijan, produced symptoms corresponding with citrus viroids and cachexia on biological indicators ‘S-1’ citron and ‘Parson’s Special’ (PSM) mandarin, respectively. Sequential poly acrylamide gel electrophoresis...

  14. SAFEVİ DÖNEMİ AZERBAYCAN KADİFE KUMAŞLARI / AZERBAIJAN VELVET CLOTHES IN SAFEVI PERIOD

    OpenAIRE

    Valide PAŞAYEVA

    2010-01-01

    Anahtar Keümeler: Azerbaycan Kumaşları, Safavi Kumaşları, Dokumalar, Safavi Dokumalarında Temalar, Safavi Kumaşlarında Kompozisyonlar.Key Words: AzerbaijanTextiles, Safavid Textiles, Velyets, Themes of Safavid Velvets, Cornpositions of Safavid Velvets.

  15. Methodology and estimation of the welfare impact of energy reforms on households in Azerbaijan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klytchnikova, Irina

    This dissertation develops a new approach that enables policy-makers to analyze welfare gains from improvements in the quality of infrastructure services in developing countries where data are limited and supply is subject to interruptions. An application of the proposed model in the former Soviet Republic of Azerbaijan demonstrates how this approach can be used in welfare assessment of energy sector reforms. The planned reforms in Azerbaijan include a set of measures that will result in a significant improvement in supply reliability, accompanied by a significant increase in the prices of energy services so that they reach the cost recovery level. Currently, households in rural areas receive electricity and gas for only a few hours a day because of a severe deterioration of the energy infrastructure following the collapse of the Soviet Union. The reforms that have recently been initiated will have far-reaching poverty and distributional consequences for the country as they result in an improvement in supply reliability and an increase in energy prices. The new model of intermittent supply developed in this dissertation is based on the household production function approach and draws on previous research in the energy reliability literature. Since modern energy sources (network gas and electricity) in Azerbaijan are cleaner and cheaper than the traditional fuels (fuel wood, etc.), households choose modern fuels whenever they are available. During outages, they rely on traditional fuels. Theoretical welfare measures are derived from a system of fuel demands that takes into account the intermittent availability of energy sources. The model is estimated with the data from the Azerbaijan Household Energy Survey, implemented by the World Bank in December 2003/January 2004. This survey includes an innovative contingent behavior module in which the respondents were asked about their energy consumption patterns in specified reform scenarios. Estimation results strongly

  16. Implementation of pasture leasing rights for mobile pastoralists – a case study on institutional change during post-socialist reforms in Azerbaijan

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    Regina Neudert

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Our study focuses on pasture reform in Azerbaijan within the context of transition and pasture reform in Central Asian and Caucasian countries. Despite the rapid emergence of individualised rights for pasture plots, which is an exceptional development in this region, pasture reform in Azerbaijan has received little attention in the scientific literature. Using evidence from an empirical case study we analyse the implementation and outcomes of the reform process for pastoral land in the context of the macroeconomic development in Azerbaijan and in comparison to pasture reforms in other post-socialist transition countries. We apply the evolutionary theory of property rights to explain and analyse the exceptionally rapid emergence of individual property rights to pasture in Azerbaijan.

  17. 23 May 2016 - Signature of a MoU between the National Nuclear Research Center, Republic of Azerbaijan, and the ALICE Collaboration

    CERN Multimedia

    Bennett, Sophia Elizabeth

    2016-01-01

    From left to right: Head of the Nuclear Physics Department, National Nuclear Research Center A. Rustamov; Chairman, National Nuclear Research Center A. Garibov; Deputy Minister for Communication and High Technology of the Republic of Azerbaijan E. Velizadeh; CERN Director for Research and Computing E. Elsen; ALICE Collaboration Spokesperson P. Giubellino. Are also attending: Permanent Representative of the Republic of Azerbaijan to the United Nations Office and other international organizations in Geneva Ambassador V. Sadiqov and Director for International Relations C. Warakaulle.

  18. Average Stem Biomass of Ephedra procera in Shanjan Rangelands, East Azerbaijan, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghassem Habibi Bibalani

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Plants can be used for animal grazing, in wind erosion control, to reduce water flow rates, and to increase evaporation and transpiration. In the NW of Iran (East Azerbaijan Province, rangelands previously used to animal grazing were changed to agricultural land use; this vegetation is unsuitable vegetation coverage. We studied Ephedra procera to determine its stem biomass characteristics. Data were collected using an accidental sampling methodology (1*1 m. In total, 6 plots were identify and 30 samples were collected for this research. In the minimum, maximum and mean stem biomass for this plant were found to me 1.8, 4.3 and 2.5 g, respectively.

  19. Average Stem Biomass of Campanula propinqua in Shanjan Rangelands, East Azerbaijan, Iran

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    Ghassem Habibi Bibalani

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Plants can be used for animal grazing, in wind erosion control, to reduce water flow rates, and to increase evaporation and transpiration. In the NW of Iran (East Azerbaijan Province, rangelands previously used to animal grazing were changed to agricultural land use; this vegetation is unsuitable vegetation coverage. We studied Campanula propinqua to determine its stem biomass characteristics. Data were collected using an accidental sampling methodology (1*1 m. In total, 4 plots were identify and 20 samples were collected for this research. In the minimum, maximum and mean stem biomass for this plant were found to me 0.8, 2.1 and 1.5 g, respectively.

  20. About the mud volcano's roots on isotope - mineralogical data. Example of the Bahar mud volcano, Azerbaijan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text : In this paper on the isotopic carbon composition data, stage and formation temperature of bassanite mineral determined in the products of the Baharmud volcano activity is made estimation of depth and stratigraphic location of its hearth. Mud volcanoes of Azerbaijan have been investigated for many decades, but the problem on depth location, products of their activity up to now is still debatable. The most objective estimation of the stratigraphic depth of solid products of mud volcanoes activity is made on the basis of paleontological researches. Accrding to the studiesof isotopic hydrocarbon composition of oil and organic matter of rocks and oil-rock correlation was determined that part of studied mud volcanoes bring out to the surface Pliocene-Miocene oil, others mainly Paleogene oil. Many scientists have different opinions about the stratigraphic location of hydrocarbon gases that plays a great role in mud volcanism processes.

  1. Sustainable Solution for Increasing the Share of Solar Photovoltaic Usages on Residential Houses in Azerbaijan

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    Elnur Abbasov

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The Republic of Azerbaijan, as the largest nation state in the South Caucasus Region, has the potential for developing and using renewable sources of energy in order to support the environmental challenge resolution associated with climate change, improving the environmental situation in the country. Solar photovoltaic (PV comprises one of the direct usages of solar energy. In this paper, a sustainable PV usage scenario in residential houses was introduced to reduce negative environmental effects in land use, water consumption, air pollution, etc. It was recommended by the author that PV systems can be part of function and design of residential building components, such as roofs, walls and windows.  DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.erem.71.4.12070

  2. The 10-year Trend of TB Rate in West Azerbaijan Province, Iran from 2001 to 2010.

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    Abbas Rahimi Foroushani

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The present study aimed to explore some risk factors affected the mean of the number of tuberculosis (TB in West Azerbaijan Province, Iran between 2001 and 2010.Our time series study analyzed the data of 2,560 TB patients as registered with TB Patients Care System in West Azerbaijan Province from early 2001 to 2010. A checklist was prepared for collecting the data and they were then analyzed in SPSS V.16 software.The percentage of male and percentage of female were close to each other (52.2% against 47.8%, respectively. A significant increasing trend of TB rate was found over the years of 2001and 2010 with a pick at 2008 (P<0.001. A Poisson log-linear analysis showed that the most important risk factor of the trend of rate was the level of education so that people with primary level or with illiterate level had a statistically significant TB rate of 5.21 (4.66-5.81, adjusted for years. The next risk factor was type of TB and place of residency, i.e., pulmonary TB cases had higher rate than External pulmonary TB cases (RR=1.67; (1.54-1.80. The last factor with the lowest risk was BCG with RR=1.29 (1.20-1.40 for people who received BCG compared to the people who had not received it.Although the co morbidity of AIDS and TB was not a major problem, it is necessary that special attention be paid to the way of implementing the TB control program based on the demographic risk factors of the study population.

  3. GPS-based crustal deformations in Azerbaijan and their influence on seismicity and mud volcanism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kadirov, F. A.; Guliyev, I. S.; Feyzullayev, A. A.; Safarov, R. T.; Mammadov, S. K.; Babayev, G. R.; Rashidov, T. M.

    2014-11-01

    Using Shen's method (Shen et al., 1996), deformations of the Earth's crust in Azerbaijan were studied based on GPS measurements. For estimating the rate of deformation, we used the field of velocity vectors for Azerbaijan, Iran, Georgia, and Armenia that were derived from GPS measurements during 1998-2012. It is established that compression is observable along the Greater Caucasus, in Gobustan, the Kura depression, Nakhchyvan Autonomous Republic, and adjacent areas of Iran. The axes of compression/contraction of the crust in the Greater Caucasus region are oriented in the S-NE direction. The maximum strain rate (approximately 200 × 10-9 per annum) is documented in the zone of mud volcanism at the SHIK site (Shykhlar), which is marked by a sharp change in the direction of the compression axes (SW-NE). It is revealed that the deformation field also includes the zones where strain rates are very low approximating 5 × 10-9 per annum. These zones include the Caspian-Guba and northern Gobustan areas, characterized by extensive development of mud volcanism. The extension zones are confined to the Lesser Caucasus and are revealed in the Gedabek (GEDA) and Shusha (SHOU) areas, as well as in the zone located between the DAMO and PIRM sites (Iran), where the deformation rate amounts to 100 × 10-9 per annum. It is concluded that the predominant factor responsible for the eruption of mud volcanoes is the intensity of gas-generation processes in the earth's interior, while deformation processes play the role of a trigger. The zone of the epicenters of strong earthquakes is correlated to the gradient zone in the crustal strain rates.

  4. Flea Infestation in Farm Animals and its Zoonotic Importance in East-Azerbaijan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garedaghi Yagoob

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Most fleas infest their host temporarily then pass to another of the same kind, while others move from one to a different host species. Although the comprehensive list of fleas reported from Iran, but there still exists considerable gap in our knowledge of zoonotic aspect of flea infestation. The present study was undertaken to determine correlation between domestic animals and man as host of fleas. Approach: The questionnaires on the base of flea infestation of animals flock and animal care-man were prepared and distributed to veterinary stations of all townships of Eeast-Azerbaijan province. A total of 297 questionnaires sheets and 156 flea samples were collected from 10 township of East-Azerbaijan province. Results: One hundred forty nine specimens of Pulex irritans were collected from sheep, goats, cattle, chicken and human, which consisted of 91.2% of all recovered fleas. Chickens infested by three species of fleas including Pulex irritans (81.7%, Ctenocephalides canis (11.2% and Ceratophilus gallinae (2.1%. Three hundred and twenty five cases of animal and 239 cases of human infestation were recorded among the suspicious populations, the most prevalence of infestation was found in sheep and goat herds whilst chicken flocks infested with the lowest rate and cattle were infested moderately. The major health problem was occurred in farmers, animal care-men and their relatives. The observations showed they had different skin reactions to flea’s bites. Conclusion: The results showed that fleas are approximately a widespread parasite of farm animals and it seems that they may play an important role in occurring of zoonotic infestation in Iran.

  5. Spread of carbapenem-resistant international clones of Acinetobacter baumannii in Turkey and Azerbaijan: a collaborative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, S S; Alp, E; Ulu-Kilic, A; Dinc, G; Aktas, Z; Ada, B; Bagirova, F; Baran, I; Ersoy, Y; Esen, S; Guven, T G; Hopman, J; Hosoglu, S; Koksal, F; Parlak, E; Yalcin, A N; Yilmaz, G; Voss, A; Melchers, W

    2016-09-01

    Epidemic clones of Acinetobacter baumannii, described as European clones I, II, and III, are associated with hospital epidemics throughout the world. We aimed to determine the molecular characteristics and genetic diversity between European clones I, II, and III from Turkey and Azerbaijan. In this study, a total of 112 bloodstream isolates of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter spp. were collected from 11 hospitals across Turkey and Azerbaijan. The identification of Acinetobacter spp. using conventional and sensitivity tests was performed by standard criteria. Multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect OXA carbapenemase-encoding genes (bla OXA-23-like, bla OXA-24-like, bla OXA-51-like, and bla OXA-58-like). Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) typing was used to investigate genetic diversity. The bla OXA-51-like gene was present in all 112 isolates, 75 (67 %) carried bla OXA-23-like, 7 (6.2 %) carried bla OXA-58-like genes, and 5 (4.5 %) carried bla OXA-24-like genes. With a 90 % similarity cut-off value, 15 clones and eight unique isolates were identified. The largest clone was cluster D, with six subtypes. Isolates from clusters D and I were widely spread in seven different geographical regions throughout Turkey. However, F cluster was found in the northern and eastern regions of Turkey. EU clone I was grouped within J cluster with three isolates found in Antalya, Istanbul, and Erzurum. EU clone II was grouped in the U cluster with 15 isolates and found in Kayseri and Diyarbakır. The bla OXA-24-like gene in carbapenemases was identified rarely in Turkey and has been reported for the first time from Azerbaijan. Furthermore, this is the first multicenter study in Turkey and Azerbaijan to identify several major clusters belonging to European clones I and II of A. baumannii. PMID:27259712

  6. EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMMES OF BRITISH ORGANIZATIONS IN AZERBAIJAN AS AN ELEMENT OF THE UNITED KINGDOM FOREIGN LANGUAGE POLICY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Y. Niyazova

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The article considers the United Kingdom language policy on the territory of Azerbaijan after the Soviet Union collapse, which is a bright example of the world political map redrawing. Taking into account the fact that the language is an important tool of the extending one’s influence over the country, we can say with certainty that the success of the specific state laying a claim to play the leading role in on the global political arena strongly depends on its ability to promote its language abroad, to enhance its status and to create such conditions where in the foreign country its language conquers the status close to the status of the native language. In this regard, the United Kingdom activity can serve as an example of a successful foreign language state policy.The authors analyze the activity of such organizations as the British Council, the BBC and BP on spreading the English language. The aforesaid British organizations are the master plate of the efficient language state policy tools, as long as they not only actively develop the global picture of the world, but also promote the interests of the United Kingdom on the territory of the former Soviet Union.Azerbaijan encourages the United Kingdom intention to spread the English language on its territory and does its best in assisting in the implementation of the proposed initiatives, realizing that the spread of the English language being the language of a global communication in Azerbaijan would contribute to the raising of Azerbaijan status on the world arena.

  7. Status and perspectives of fish industry of Azerbaijan in conditions of increased oil and gas extraction in the Caspian Sea

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text:The Caspian Sea plays important role in supply of the population of Azerbaijan Republic with fish products. Furthermore, the Caspian Sea is the single pond where more than 70% of sturgeons are harvested all over the world. Besides, more than 80% of the big bony fishes harvested in the ponds of Azerbaijan, are caught in the Caspian Sea. On the other hand, the entrails of the Caspian Sea contain tremendous amounts of oil and gas deposits whose extraction disturbs partially the ecological equilibrium in this unique pond. It should be noticed that since 1973-1974 the increase of sturgeon harvest was observed. The special scientific Institute of Fish Industry in Astrakhan city with its branch in Azerbaijan was founded. In the same years top amount of oil was extracted in the Caspian Sea and simultaneously high pollution level of the sea with oil and oil products, having been clearly seen in the Sea-attached Boulevard, was fixed. However, in spite of these unfavorable conditions, the sturgeon harvests, due to their reproduction in the hatcheries and following release into the sea, increased not only in Azerbaijan, but also all over the whole Caspian Sea basin. It is impossible to keep serenity today owing to the fact that broadening of oil extraction in the Caspian Sea for new deposits are situated near to the fattening areas of juveniles of valuable fish species, in the estuary of the Kura river and other small rivers where sex-mature fishes migrate. Besides, the migration ways of sturgeons the North origin pass through these zones: in autumn- from the North to the South, while in early and middle spring- in opposite direction

  8. Evaluation and cost analysis of national health policy of thalassaemia screening in west-azerbaijan province of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elham Ahmadnezhad

    2012-01-01

    Conclusions: The prevention program of Thalassaemia including a premarital and pre-natal screening in west Azerbaijan province is demonstrated to be cost-effective. Taking some actions in order to increase the coverage of pre-marital screening, providing pre-natal diagnosis in private and public sector, complete insurance coverage for the high-risk couples to perform the investigations more easily, were recommended.

  9. Investigating the Effect of Knowledge Management on Increasing the Creativity of Personnel in West Azerbaijan (Iran) Water and Sewage Organization

    OpenAIRE

    Iranzadeh, Soleyman; Bahrami, Khadijeh

    2012-01-01

    The present study is an attempt to investigate the effects of knowledge management on increasing the creativity of the employees who worked in the West Azerbaijan (Iran) Water and Sewage Organization (WSO) in 2012. Knowledge management constitutes the creation, storage, sharing and application of knowledge. The population of the study included 211 clerks and managers from among whom 136 individuals were selected using Krejcie and Morgan table and random sampling classification method. The dat...

  10. The features of the use of GIS technologies for monitoring of the situation of main water lines in Azerbaijan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gojamanov, M. H.; Z, Qurbanov, Ch.

    2014-11-01

    The characteristic feature of the unified system of water supply of Azerbaijan is the large spatial remoteness between the main water sources (Greater and Small Caucasian mountains) and water-using economic areas (Baku, Ganja, Sumgait etc). When operating the pipelines arise accident and emergency situations, which are connected with interaction of the technological elements of the water supply and the natural environment. Often this process is a violation of dynamic equilibrium, and is accompanied by activation of dangerous natural and natural-anthropogenic processes that have a negative impact on the condition of pipelines. Given that in Azerbaijan the basis of the water supply network was put in the XIX century, it is necessary to pay close attention to the assessment of the ecological situation of main lines of water pipelines, i.e. to conduct their monitoring. Ensuring the reliability of existing and planned pipelines, a comprehensive study of the impacts on the natural environment during the construction and operation of the technical facilities, the organization of system of information and analytical monitoring requires a comprehensive attract the materials of the aerospace sensing and GIS technologies. In this paper describe the work experience and are the results of monitoring of pipelines of water supply in Azerbaijan.

  11. Implementation and evaluation of a training program as part of the Cooperative Biological Engagement Program in Azerbaijan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    April eJohnson

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available A training program for animal and human health professionals has been implemented in Azerbaijan through a joint agreement between the United States Defense Threat Reduction Agency and the Government of Azerbaijan. The training program is administered as part of the Cooperative Biological Engagement Program, and targets key employees in Azerbaijan’s disease surveillance system including physicians, veterinarians, epidemiologists, and laboratory personnel. Training is aimed at improving detection, diagnosis, and response to especially dangerous pathogens, although the techniques and methodologies can be applied to other pathogens and diseases of concern. Biosafety and biosecurity training is provided to all trainees within the program. Prior to 2014, a variety of international agencies and organizations provided training, which resulted in gaps related to lack of coordination of training materials and content. In 2014 a new training program was implemented in order to address those gaps. This paper provides an overview of the Cooperative Biological Engagement Program training program in Azerbaijan, a description of how the program fits into existing national training infrastructure, and an evaluation of the new program’s effectiveness to date. Long-term sustainability of the program is also discussed.

  12. THUNDERSTORM ACTIVITY AND LIGHTNING PROTECTION OF POWER PLANTS AND EQUIPMET ON THE TERRITORY OF AZERBAIJAN REPUBLIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. M. Gashimov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In the article the results of a wind parameters analysis at the wind power parks construction territory in the north of the Azerbaijan Republic are presented. By means of extrapolation the  speeds  of  a  wind  stream  at  heights  of  80  and  100  m  have  been  calculated.  In  the conditions  of the  Azerbaijan  Republic  initially the  wind  potential  was  defined  at  height of 10–15 m from the earth surface by the data of the “weather vane” established at hydrome- teorological station, located within the precincts of Baku city. The subsequent measurements were spent at height of 40 m by means of “anemometer” located outside of city boundaries in a southern direction. It is established that at height of 100 m the wind speed essentially ex- ceeds the wind speed at height of 22 m. Hence, the height of 100 m is profitable for construc- tion and operation of wind constructions. Results of actual measurements have shown that wind speed depends on height and time of day. It is established that change of a wind stream within a month corresponds to change of the daily schedule of power station capacity and correlation factor of two processes appears high enough and makes 0.61. Note that for building the park of wind power plant it is necessary within 1 year continuously to spend actual meas- urements of a wind parameters at various heights (to 100 m. Otherwise placing of wind sta- tion on the given site can be not profitable. It is necessary to notice that the efficiency of wind units, besides their constructive features also depends on a correct choice of their installation place.On the other hand, the transmission of energy, produced by the wind power plants, in the power supply systems to the consumer is closely connected with a wind speed, air density, distribution of a wind stream, etc. parameters. From the told follows that research of a wind parameters represents the economic and somewhat legal value.

  13. Dirrofilariasis in Shepherd Dogs of High Altitudes Areas in West Azerbaijan-Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mojtaba Hadian

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Although the biology and ecology of the arthropod vectors are different, some factors, such as global warming, the increasing abundance of mosquitoes, the movement of domestic hosts, and the abundance of wild reservoirs, can act as favourable factors for the distribution of infections. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Dirofilaria immitis infection in shepherd dogs living in the high altitude of mountainous area (i.e.1200 meters above the sea level. The study group was comprised of 160 shepherd dogs living in 4 mountainous regions (Targavar, Margavar, Kolshin and Hovarchin of west Azerbaijan where continuous movement of sheep and goat flocks resulted to have a little information about shepherd dogs in these regions. Additionally, arduous pathways have made impossible any access by car to some territories of these areas. The dogs were mostly mixed raced with different ages (from 1 to 10 years and sexes (male = 136, female = 24. Blood samples were collected from cephalic vein. Direct thin and thick blood smears and modified knott’s technique were used for detecting D.immitis microfilariae and other blood parasites. The results indicated that 40 (25 % of dogs were infected with D. immitis microfilariae. In examination of the dogs, no severe life threatening feature of the disease was diagnosed. There were no significant differences (P > 0.05 of Dirrofilaria infection among gender, age groups and geographical areas. High prevalence of asymptomatic Dirrofilariasis in shepherd dogs in this area highlights the need of controlling and preventive programs.

  14. Mediterranean-Paratethys connectivity during the Messinian salinity crisis: The Pontian of Azerbaijan

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Baak, Christiaan G. C.; Stoica, Marius; Grothe, Arjen; Aliyeva, Elmira; Krijgsman, Wout

    2016-06-01

    Prior to the onset of the Messinian Salinity Crisis, a connection was established between the Mediterranean Sea and the Paratethys region to the north. Rivers currently draining into the Caspian Sea thereby became important for the Mediterranean hydrological budget. The role of this connection and the influence of the Paratethys on the hydrological budget of the Mediterranean Sea during the Messinian Salinity Crisis is however poorly understood because of a lack of records in the Paratethys with a high-resolution (cyclostratigraphic) age model. Here, we present a high-resolution integrated stratigraphic study of a key section in the Caspian Sea region (Azerbaijan), to assess the connectivity of the Caspian Sea during the salinity crisis. The studied section spans the time interval between ~ 6.16 Ma and Crisis, the studied section changes from anoxic to oxic conditions and an abundant ostracod fauna develops. A sea-level drop in the order of 100-200 m is evident from changes in the ostracod faunal assemblage and is dated at 5.6 Ma. The top of the section marks a second sea-level drop and the complete freshening of the record. The Pontian phase of Mediterranean-Paratethys connectivity represents a maximum size of Paratethys at a time of minimum Atlantic-Mediterranean connectivity. Enhanced Paratethys outflow water at this time likely led to increased stratification and affected the Mediterranean throughout the Messinian Salinity Crisis.

  15. Hepatitis C Virus Genotyping by Melting Curve Analysis in West Azerbaijan, Northwest of Iran

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    Mir-Davood Omrani

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: Hepatitis C virus (HCV has contaminated almost 170 million people worldwide. The HCV genotype is a good predictor of response to antiviral therapies and prognosis. In this study, we tried by using real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR and melting curve analysis, to identify the HCV genotype isolated from affected patients.Methods: Using PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA, serum sample of 310 suspicious patients with HCV were screened. Applying QIAamp Viral RNA Mini-kit, the viral RNA was collected from serum samples of 160 positive patients. Using one-step RT-PCR protocol, genotypes of the isolated HCV were specified according to the temperature melting (Tm ranges.Results: The frequency distribution of the 5 detected HCV genotypes (i.e., 1a/b, 2a/c, 4, 2b, and 3a in 160 cases, were as follows: 77 (48.12% were genotype 3a; 35(21.87% had genotype 2b; 19 (11.87% were 2a/c; 16 (10.0% were 4; and 13 (8.12% had genotype 1a/b.Conclusions: The most common HCV genotype in West Azerbaijan province in the Northwest of Iran is type 3a. We therefore concluded that it is possible to used PCR for routine HCV genotyping.

  16. Patterns of Brucellosis Infection Symptoms in Azerbaijan: A Latent Class Cluster Analysis

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    Rita Ismayilova

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Brucellosis infection is a multisystem disease, with a broad spectrum of symptoms. We investigated the existence of clusters of infected patients according to their clinical presentation. Using national surveillance data from the Electronic-Integrated Disease Surveillance System, we applied a latent class cluster (LCC analysis on symptoms to determine clusters of brucellosis cases. A total of 454 cases reported between July 2011 and July 2013 were analyzed. LCC identified a two-cluster model and the Vuong-Lo-Mendell-Rubin likelihood ratio supported the cluster model. Brucellosis cases in the second cluster (19% reported higher percentages of poly-lymphadenopathy, hepatomegaly, arthritis, myositis, and neuritis and changes in liver function tests compared to cases of the first cluster. Patients in the second cluster had a severe brucellosis disease course and were associated with longer delay in seeking medical attention. Moreover, most of them were from Beylagan, a region focused on sheep and goat livestock production in south-central Azerbaijan. Patients in cluster 2 accounted for one-quarter of brucellosis cases and had a more severe clinical presentation. Delay in seeking medical care may explain severe illness. Future work needs to determine the factors that influence brucellosis case seeking and identify brucellosis species, particularly among cases from Beylagan.

  17. Hyalomma aegyptium on Spur-thighed Tortoise (Testudo graeca in Urmia Region West Azerbaijan, Iran

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    M Tavassoli

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Ticks are obligate blood feeders that parasitize a wide variety of animals. Hyalomma aegyptium, parasitize tortoises and other small wild life and livestock. This study was carried out to determine spur-thighed tortoise (Testudo graeca infestation to H. ageyptium in Urmia region West Azerbaijan of Iran. Methods: The study was carried out over a 16 month period from the spring of 2004 to the fall of 2005. A total of 32 tor¬toises were sampled. Results: The results indicated that 14 tortoises infected with ticks. A total of 117 ticks were collected from infested animals, the minimum and maximum tick infestation was 1-60. Ticks were attached to the axilla of fore and hind legs of tortoises. All ticks were determined to be H. aegyptium. Conclusion: H. aegyptium was the most common tick species in the study area. Due to tendency of some people to keeping tortoise as pet animal, more attention must be done to tortoise’s tick infestation. Due to existence of H. aegyptium on tor¬toises in this region more study will need to evaluate presence of this tick on other animal species and its role on transmis¬sion of diseases.

  18. Genetic diversity for gliadin patterns of durum wheat landraces in the Northwest of Iran and Azerbaijan

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    Mohammad Zaefizadeh

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to identify gliadin band patterns and the extent of genetic diversity in durum wheat genotypes from Northwestern Iran and the Republic of Azerbaijan. Gliadins from 46 landraces and four cultivars were evaluated through acid PAGE analyses. Sixty-six polymorphic bands and 81 patterns were identified. Twenty-four different motility bands and 22 patterns were found in the ω gliadin region with 14 polymorph bands and 20 patterns for α and γ gliadins, and 14 bands and 19 different patterns for β gliadins. The combination of these patterns generated 38 and 39 combinations for Gli-1 and Gli-2 loci, respectively. The genetic diversity index (H was higher for α gliadins (0.924, followed by ω and γ gliadins (0.899 and 0.878, respectively, and for β gliadin patterns (0.866. Extensive polymorphism (H = 0.875 was observed in four gliadin pattern regions, with higher genetic diversity in the Iranian landraces than in the Azerbaijani ones. Each genotype had special identifying patterns in the gliadin acid PAGE analysis, and cluster analysis based on Jaccard's similarity coefficients formed six groups. Gliadin has a simple, repeatable and economic analysis, and can be used in genetic studies

  19. Radioecological estimation of biotops in the territory of Imishli region of Azerbaijan Republic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text : The ecosystem level of structurisation of a live matter is the basic subject of ecological, in particular radio ecological science. Quality of biotopes - a complex of the lifeless nature on which all inhabitants of the given ecosystem live, is a basic condition of its existence. In the given work it was investigated the maintenance of natural and artificial radionuclides in an arable layer of soils, on the basis of the received data estimated quality of the biotopes located in territory of Imishli administrative area of Azerbaijan. Imishli is one of the areas of Republic most subject to strong anthropogenous loading. Along with agricultural, in area territory works on oil recovery are conducted that also can lead to pollution of soils with natural radionuclides, containing as a part of chisel waters (2235U, 2238U, 2232Th, 2226Ra, 2228Ra) and with oil. On the basis of the spent radiospectrometer analyses of the soil samples which have been selected from enough of the soil cuts, the radioecological situation on all area has been estimated and corresponding cards were made

  20. Earthquake sources in the sedimentary thick of Azerbaijan and Caspian sea region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text : With the aim to determine the character of earthquakes' sources distribution by the depth and to reveal on this base the peculiarities of seismogenesis and conditions of sources formation within studied region the critical analysis of earthquakes' sources depths of Azerbaijan and Caspian sea region had been carried out in the present paper. Earthquakes' sources spatial distribution by the depth showing in the region their coincidence mainly with depth intervals 0-10 and 15-20 km, this fact allows to assert their connection with sedimentary thick. Thus, this reason gives a reason to suppose it as main structural element within considered area responsible for seismogenesis. Sedimentary thick can be considered as general source of acting stresses from the point of view of mud volcanism and seismicity paragenesis. Comparative description of seismicity temporal distribution within different structural zones of Caspian sea region showed the important role of mud volcanism in seismogenesis that controls the maximum level of seismicity. The peculiarities of earthquakes caused in result of mud volcanoes' eruptions are evidence of reduction reality of seismic hazard through stimulation of different groups mud volcanoes activity.

  1. Seroprevalence of Hepatitis E in Patients with Chronic Liver Disease from East Azerbaijan, Iran

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    Mohammad Hossein Somi

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: Superinfection with HEV in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD can cause severe hepatic decompensation leading to increased morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to determine seroprevalence of HEV infection among CLD patients compared to blood donors from Azerbaijan, north-west of Iran.Methods: CLD patients and a group of age matched blood donors with normal liver function tests were evaluated for the presence of anti-HEV IgG antibody in their sera for evidence of hepatitis E. The risk factors were estimated.Results: The mean age of CLD patients was 48 years (range: 10-87. 27.5% of patients were HEV IgG-positive. Among the controls 19.7% were positive for anti-HEV IgG. By multivariate analysis, there was no association between positive anti-HEV IgG and etiology of chronic liver disease, gender, literacy, accommodation, and number of family members in patients or controls. Mean age of patients infected with HEV in both groups was significantly more than the seronegative ones. Conclusions: We found high seroprevalence of HEV-antibody among blood donors and CLD patients in our study, so we recommend more attention to hygiene of food and water. In addition, such patients should be informed about the potential risks and simple ways to prevent the disease in their regular life and travels. This issue must be concerned in cases of "acute on chronic" hepatitis in CLD patients.

  2. Scenario-based earthquake hazard and risk assessment for Baku (Azerbaijan

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    G. Babayev

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available A rapid growth of population, intensive civil and industrial building, land and water instabilities (e.g. landslides, significant underground water level fluctuations, and the lack of public awareness regarding seismic hazard contribute to the increase of vulnerability of Baku (the capital city of the Republic of Azerbaijan to earthquakes. In this study, we assess an earthquake risk in the city determined as a convolution of seismic hazard (in terms of the surface peak ground acceleration, PGA, vulnerability (due to building construction fragility, population features, the gross domestic product per capita, and landslide's occurrence, and exposure of infrastructure and critical facilities. The earthquake risk assessment provides useful information to identify the factors influencing the risk. A deterministic seismic hazard for Baku is analysed for four earthquake scenarios: near, far, local, and extreme events. The seismic hazard models demonstrate the level of ground shaking in the city: PGA high values are predicted in the southern coastal and north-eastern parts of the city and in some parts of the downtown. The PGA attains its maximal values for the local and extreme earthquake scenarios. We show that the quality of buildings and the probability of their damage, the distribution of urban population, exposure, and the pattern of peak ground acceleration contribute to the seismic risk, meanwhile the vulnerability factors play a more prominent role for all earthquake scenarios. Our results can allow elaborating strategic countermeasure plans for the earthquake risk mitigation in the Baku city.

  3. CPPCC Vice Chairman and CPAPD Vice President Ma Biao Leads a Delegation on a Good-will Visit to Azerbaijan and Turkey

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hou; Hongyu

    2014-01-01

    <正>At the invitation of the Center for Strategic Studies under the President of Azerbaijan(SAM)and Marmara Strategic and Social Research Foundation of Turkey,Ma Biao,CPPCC Vice Chairman and CPAPD Vice President heading a delegation,visited Azerbaijan and Turkey from 3rd-10thNovember 2014,CPAPD Vice President He Jun accompanied him.During the visit to Azerbaijan,Ma Biao met with H.E.Mr.Ziyafat Askarov,the First Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly of

  4. Human Brucellosis Trends: Re-emergence and Prospects for Control Using a One Health Approach in Azerbaijan (1983-2009).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kracalik, I T; Abdullayev, R; Asadov, K; Ismayilova, R; Baghirova, M; Ustun, N; Shikhiyev, M; Talibzade, A; Blackburn, J K

    2016-06-01

    Brucellosis is one of the most common and widely spread zoonotic diseases in the world. Control of the disease in humans is dependent upon limiting the infection in animals through surveillance and vaccination. Given the dramatic economic and political changes that have taken place in the former Soviet Union, which have limited control, evaluating the status of human brucellosis in former Soviet states is crucial. We assessed annual spatial and temporal trends in the epidemiology of human brucellosis in Azerbaijan, 1983-2009, in conjunction with data from a livestock surveillance and control programme (2002-2009). To analyse trends, we used a combination of segmented regression and spatial analysis. From 1983 to 2009, a total of 11 233 cases of human brucellosis were reported. Up to the mid-1990s, the incidence of human brucellosis showed a pattern of re-emergence, increasing by 25% annually, on average. Following Soviet governance, the incidence rates peaked, increasing by 1.8% annually, on average, and subsequently decreasing by 5% annually, on average, during the period 2002-2009. Despite recent national declines in human incidence, we identified geographic changes in the case distribution characterized by a geographic expansion and an increasing incidence among districts clustered in the south-east, compared to a decrease of elsewhere in the country. Males were consistently, disproportionately afflicted (71%) and incidence was highest in the 15 to 19 age group (18.1 cases/100 000). During the period 2002-2009, >10 million small ruminants were vaccinated with Rev1. Our findings highlight the improving prospects for human brucellosis control following livestock vaccination; however, the disease appears to be re-emerging in south-eastern Azerbaijan. Sustained one health measures are needed to address changing patterns of brucellosis in Azerbaijan and elsewhere in the former Soviet Union. PMID:26403990

  5. Methane flux from miniseepage in mud volcanoes of SW Taiwan: Comparison with the data from Italy, Romania, and Azerbaijan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Wei-Li; Etiope, Giuseppe; Yang, Tsanyao Frank; Chang, Ping-Yu

    2013-03-01

    Mud volcanoes (MVs) are considered important methane (CH4) sources for the atmosphere; gas is not only released from macro-seepage, i.e., from craters and visible gas bubbling manifestations, but also from invisible and pervasive exhalation from the ground, named miniseepage. CH4 flux related to miniseepage was measured only in a few MVs, in Azerbaijan, Italy, Japan, Romania and Taiwan. This study examines in detail the flux data acquired in 5 MVs and 1 "dry" seep in SW Taiwan, and further compares with other 23 MVs in Italy, Romania and Azerbaijan. Miniseepage from the six manifestations in SW Taiwan MVs and seeps annually contribute at least 110 tons of methane directly to the atmosphere, and represents about ˜80% of total degassing during a quiescent period. Combining miniseepage flux and geo-electrical data from the Wu-shan-ding MV revealed a possible link between gas flux and electrical resistivity of the vadose zone. This suggests that unsaturated subsoil is a preferential zone for shallow gas accumulation and seepage to the atmosphere. Besides, miniseepage flux in Chu-huo everlasting fire decreases by increasing the distance from the main gas channeling zone and molecular fractionation (methane/ethane ratio) is higher for lower flux seepage, consistently with what observed in other MVs worldwide. Measurements from Azerbaijan, Italy, Romania, and Taiwan converge to indicate that miniseepage is directly proportional to the vent output and it is a significant component of the total methane budget of a MV. A miniseepage vs. macro-seepage flux equation has been statistically assessed and it can be used to estimate theoretically at least the order of magnitude of the flux of miniseepage for MVs of which only the flux from vents was evaluated, or will be evaluated in future. This will allow a more complete and objective quantification of gas emission in MVs, thus also refining the estimate of the global methane emission from geological sources.

  6. The Impact of Real Effective Exchange Rate on the Non-oil Export: The Case of Azerbaijan

    OpenAIRE

    Fakhri, Hasanov

    2010-01-01

    The paper investigates the impact of the real exchange rate on non-oil exports in Azerbaijan by applying Vector Error Correction Model. The estimation results suggest that real exchange rate of manat has negative impact on non-oil export performance while non-oil GDP affects positively in the long- and short-run. Error correction term indicates that short-run fluctuation can be adjusted into long-run equilibrium relationship. Based on findings of the study can be concluded that appreciating r...

  7. Formation of Grain Quality in Bread Wheat Varieties under Mil-Garabakh Region of Azerbaijan: Az Wheat

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    HASANOVA G. M

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Grain quality in bread wheat varieties was studied under Mil-Garabakh region of Azerbaijan. It was revealed that in these conditions the gluten content was relatively high, while the quality of gluten determined by DCO and sedimentation index was low. Apparently, this is due to the fact that in Tartar AIA ЗОС during grain ripening period temperature was high. Usually under these conditions, high bread baking quality of wheat grain was not formed. However, bread obtained from varieties Girmizi bugda, Azeri, Gobustan, Murov with high gluten content and low DCO had good quality.

  8. Water column depth dependence of trace metals and hydrocarbons in Caspian sea water taken from areas of Azerbaijan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text : The present study was conducted to investigate the heavy metal contents, total hydrocarbons and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons of seawater of the Caspian sea it was collected from 2 different sites at different depth of water column, in Azerbaijan region. it is known that the analysis of ultratrace elements in sea water samples is one of the most difficult analytical tasks in the field of environmental monitoring, as extremely low detection limits for elements burried in a highly saline matrix is required. The use of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry for direct sea water analysis is currently limited by spectral and non-spectral interferences caused by the sea water matrix

  9. The Caspian Sea regionalism in a globalized world: Energy security and regional trajectories of Azerbaijan and Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hedjazi, Babak

    2007-12-01

    This dissertation is fundamentally about the formation of new regional spaces in Central Eurasia viewed from a dynamic, comparative and historical approach. Analyzing the global-local economic and political interactions and their consequences on resource rich countries of the Caspian Sea enable us to reframe security as a central element of the new global order. In this respect, the dissertation examines how two particular states, Azerbaijan and Iran, respond to the changing global security environment and optimize their capacity to absorb or control change. Here, security as I conceive is multidimensional and engages various social, political and economic domains. My research is articulated along three hypotheses regarding the formation of a new regional space and its consequences on territorial polarization and interstate rivalry. These hypotheses, respectively and cumulatively, elucidate global and domestic contexts of regional space formation, regional strategic and discursive trajectories, and regional tensions of global/local interactions. In order to empirically test these hypotheses, a series of thirty interviews were conducted by the author with local and foreign business representatives, civilian and government representatives, and corroborated by economic data collected from the International Energy Agency. The findings of the research validate the primary assumption of the dissertation that Azerbaijan and Iran have chosen the regional scale to address discrepancies between their aspired place in the new world order and the reality of their power and international status. Extending the argument for structural scarcity of oil towards contenders, this dissertation concludes that the Caspian oil has become a fundamental element of the regional discourse. The mismatch between the rhetoric of sovereign rights and energy security on one side and the reality of regional countries' powerlessness and their need to reach international markets on the other side are

  10. - and Syn-Eruptive Surface Movements of Azerbaijan Mud Volcanoes Detected Through Insar Analysis: Preliminary Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonielli, Benedetta; Monserrat, Oriol; Bonini, Marco; Righini, Gaia; Sani, Federico; Luzi, Guido; Feyzullayev, Akper; Aliyev, Chingiz

    2014-05-01

    Mud volcanism is a process that consists in the extrusion of mud, fragments or blocks of country rocks, saline waters and gases, mostly methane. This mechanism is typically linked to in-depth hydrocarbon traps, and it builds up a variety of conical edifices with dimension and morphology similar to those of magmatic volcanoes. Interferometry by Satellite Aperture Radar (InSAR) techniques have been commonly used to monitor and investigate the ground deformation connected to the eruptive phases of magmatic volcanoes. InSAR techniques have also been employed to explore the ground deformation associated with the LUSI mud volcano in Java (Indonesia). We aim to carry out a study on the paroxysmal activities of the Azerbaijan mud volcanoes, among the largest on Earth, using similar techniques. In particular the deformations of the mud volcanic systems were analyzed through the technique of satellite differential interferometry (DInSAR), thanks to the acquisition of 16 descending and 4 ascending Envisat images, spanning about 4 years (October 2003-November 2007); these data were provided by the European Space Agency. The preliminary analysis of a set of 77 interferograms and the unwrapping process elaboration of some of them selected according to the best coherence values, allowed the detection of significant deformations in correspondence of Ayaz-Akhtarma and Khara Zira Island mud volcanoes. This analysis has allowed to identify relevant ground deformations of the volcanic systems in connection with the main eruptive events in 2005 and in 2006 respectively, that are recorded by the catalogue of Azerbaijan mud volcano eruptions until 2007. The preliminary analysis of the interferograms of the Ayaz-Akhtarma and the Khara Zira mud volcanoes shows that the whole volcano edifice or part of it is subject to a ground displacement before or in coincidence with the eruption. Assuming that the movement is mainly vertical, we suppose that deformation is due to bulging of the volcanic

  11. CHILDHOOD GUILLIAN-BARRE SYNDROME IN THE IRAN’S EAST AZERBAIJAN PROVINCE: 2001-2005

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    M. Barzegar

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective This study aims at determining the epidemiologic, presenting symptoms, clinical course and electrophysiologic features of childhood Guillain-Barre Syndrome(GBS in the East Azarbaijan province over a period of five years. Materials & Methods All the patients, aged< 15 years, referred/admitted to Tabriz Children Hospital with GBS between January 2001 and December 2005 were investigated.Results One hundred and twelve subjects were enrolled during this period. The average annual incidence rate was 2.21 per 100000 population of children aged<15years(CI 95%: 1.8-2.6; the highest proportion of 29% was observed in winter (P=0.10; mean age (SD of subjects was 5.1 (3.3 years, while 61.6% were ≤5years. The male/female ratio was 1.3. Antecedent events were identified in 80(71.4% patients. The most common manifestation was limb weakness; at the peak of the disease course, only 8 (7.1% patients were able to walk without assistance. Cranial nerve involvement was found in 37.5%. Fifteen percent of patients had autonomic dysfunction, and 32.2% complained of neuropathic pain. Artificial ventilation was needed in 10.7% of patients, and three patients (2.7% died due to cardiac arrest. Electrophysiological examination showed the demyelinating type of the disease in 54.5%; axonal type in 35.7% and 9.8% as unclassified or normal pattern. Short time to reach nadir (P=0.008, cranial nerve involvement (P=0.000, autonomic involvement (P=0.001, and axonal pattern on electro diagnosis (P=0.043 were found as risk factors for respiratory failure. In follow-up, at the end of one year, 95% of patients could walk without aid. ConclusionThe axonal type of GBS is a relatively common form of childhood GBS occurring in East Azerbaijan.

  12. Upper Albian-Turonian foraminifers and radiolarians from the Kelevudag section, northeastern Azerbaijan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopaevich, L. F.; Beniamovskii, V. N.; Bragina, L. G.

    2015-11-01

    New data on planktonic and benthic foraminifers and radiolarians derived from the upper Albian-Turonian sediments of the Kelevudag section, northeastern Azerbaijan, are reported. Two planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphic units are recognized, namely, the Thalmanninella deeckei Beds (uppermost lower-lowermost middle Cenomanian, top of the lower part of the Kemishdag Formation) and Dicarinella hagni Beds (lower Turonian, top of the upper part of the Kemishdag Formation). Two units, the Pseudovalvulineria cenomanica-Berthelina berthelini Beds (middle-upper Cenomanian, top of the lower part of the Kemishdag Formation) and Lingulogavelinella globosa Beds (upper Cenomanian-lower Turonian, top of the upper part of the Kemishdag Formation), are distinguished by benthic foraminifers. On the basis of the radiolarian studies, the following units are defined: the Dorypyle — anisa-Pseudodictyomitra languida Beds (upper Albian, upper part of the Kyulyuli Formation), Patellula spica-Crolanium triangulare Beds (lower Cenomanian, base of the lower part of the Kemishdag Formation), Pseudoaulophacus lenticulatus-Thanarla gracilis Beds (middle Cenomanian, top of the lower part of the Kemishdag Formation), and the Orbiculiforma quadrata-Pseudodictyomitra pseudomacrocephala Beds (uppermost upper Turonian, lower part of the Kemchi Formation). The age estimates available from foraminifers and radiolarians do not contradict each other. The time of accumulation of the Kemishdag Formation was previously considered within only the Cenomanian. According to the new available foraminiferal data, the range of the Kemishdag Formation is widened and it is believed to correspond to the Cenomanian-lower Turonian. On the basis of foraminiferal and radiolarian studies, the stratigraphic position of the lower boundary of the Kemchi Formation is determined within the Turonian and the Turonian-Coniacian boundary is defined in the lower part of the Kemchi Formation.

  13. Toward the Development of a Sustainable Scientific Research Culture in Azerbaijan (2011–2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aliyeva, Saida; Flanagan, Peter; Johnson, April; Strelow, Lisa

    2016-01-01

    This review especially describes the dangerous pathogens research program in Azerbaijan (AJ) funded by the US Defense Threat Reduction Agency under the Cooperative Biological Engagement Program (CBEP) from 2011 through 2015. The objectives of the CBEP are to prevent the proliferation of biological weapons; to consolidate and secure collections of dangerous pathogens in central repositories; to strengthen biosafety and biosecurity of laboratory facilities; and to improve partner nations’ ability to detect, diagnose, report, and respond to outbreaks of disease caused by especially dangerous pathogens. One of the missions of the CBEP is therefore to increase the research skills and proficiency of partner country scientists. The program aims to fulfill this mission by sponsoring scientific research projects that exercise the modern diagnostic techniques available in the CBEP-engaged laboratories and the enhanced disease surveillance/control programs. To strengthen the local scientists’ ability to develop research ideas, write grant proposals, and conduct research independently, in-country CBEP integrating contractor personnel have mentored scientists across AJ and conducted workshops to address technical gaps. As a result of CBEP engagement, seven research projects developed and led by AJ scientists have been funded, and five projects are currently in various stages of implementation. The Defense Threat Reduction Agency has also sponsored AJ scientist participation at international scientific conferences to introduce and integrate them into the global scientific community. The efforts summarized in this review represent the first steps in an ongoing process that will ultimately provide AJ scientists with the skills and resources to plan and implement research projects of local and regional relevance. PMID:27458577

  14. Genotypic characteristics of hydatid cysts isolated from humans in East Azerbaijan Province (2011-2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Vahedi

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Cystic echinococcosis (CE is one of the important helminthic diseases of human and animals, which causes by Echinococcus granulosus. Canids are its definite and grazers especially sheep, and cattle, and also wild herbivores are its intermediate hosts. Human can also be accidentally infected by a parasite. This study aimed to investigate genotypes of the hydatid cysts isolated from hydatidosis patients in order to confine the source of the infection, 2013. Methods: In this cross-sectional study 55 paraffin blocks of identified hydatid cysts have been undergone genotyping using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP technique. The ITS1 region of rDNA has been amplified using BD1 forward and 4s reverse primers. PCR products have been digested using HpaII and RsaI restriction endonucleases. RFLP products studied using gel electrophoresis. Data were analyzed using SPSS for Windows using the chi-square test. Results: About 29 (52.72%, 16 (29.1%, 3 (5.45%, 3 (5.45%, 1 (1.81%, 1 (1.81%, 1 (1.81% and 1 (1.81% out of 55 hydatid cysts were located in lung, liver, spleen, kidney, heart, pancreas, brain, and femore, respectively. The frequency of hydatidosis observed higher in patients from rural areas (P = 0.013; odds ratio = 0.599; 95% confidence interval: 0.28, 1.27. Based on RFLP results, the entire studied hydatid cysts identified as sheep strain (G1. Conclusion: According to the results of the present observation, it can be concluded that the majority of cases of human hydatidosis in East Azerbaijan Province are caused by sheep strain (G1 of E. granulosus, which indicates the sheep-doge cycle in the studied area.

  15. Determination of fluorosis prevalence in rural communities  of East Azerbaijan Province

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    Mohammad Ali Hosseinpour Feizi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Intake of high concentrations of fluoride in drinking water can cause dental fluorosis. In this study, the prevalence of dental fluorosis in rural communities of East Azerbaijan Province was studied. Materials and Methods: 3 villages of Bashsizkooh, Bostanabad (fluoride concentration in drinking water = 0.12 mg/L, Nagharehkub,  Ahar (current water resource = 0.6 mg/L, old water resource = 1.1-1.2 mg/L, and Gharehbolaq, Jolfa (current water resource = 0.35 mg/L and old water resource = 2.4 mg/L old source were selected as low, medium, and high exposure to fluoride respectively. All village residents above 6 years old were visited by physician. Quality of water resources was determined by referring to the records archived and through conducting new analysis.Results: Dental fluorosis was observed in 62.7 % of the people visited. In 31.5% of participants, fluorosis Grade 1; in 22.4 % of participants, fluorosis grade 2; in 7.7 % of participants, fluorosis grade 3; and finally fluorosis grade 4 was observed in 4 patients. Different levels of fluorosis were observed in residents of the villages of Gharebolaq, Nagharehkub, and Bashsizkooh (83.3%, 70.5 %, and 32.5 % respectively. There was a significant difference in prevalence of fluorosis between villages (P < 0.001. Fluorosis was observed in both permanent and temporary teeth. Mean cumulative fluoride index (MCFI in people with and without fluorosis was 22660.2 and 4743.2 mg, respectively. There was a correlation between this index and fluorosis (R =0.413. Conclusion: In all three villages studied, even Bashsizkooh, different grades of fluorosis were endemic. It is recommended that the responsible authorities take a  new measure and approach  for the intake of fluoride from drinking water.

  16. Toward the Development of a Sustainable Scientific Research Culture in Azerbaijan (2011-2015).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aliyeva, Saida; Flanagan, Peter; Johnson, April; Strelow, Lisa

    2016-01-01

    This review especially describes the dangerous pathogens research program in Azerbaijan (AJ) funded by the US Defense Threat Reduction Agency under the Cooperative Biological Engagement Program (CBEP) from 2011 through 2015. The objectives of the CBEP are to prevent the proliferation of biological weapons; to consolidate and secure collections of dangerous pathogens in central repositories; to strengthen biosafety and biosecurity of laboratory facilities; and to improve partner nations' ability to detect, diagnose, report, and respond to outbreaks of disease caused by especially dangerous pathogens. One of the missions of the CBEP is therefore to increase the research skills and proficiency of partner country scientists. The program aims to fulfill this mission by sponsoring scientific research projects that exercise the modern diagnostic techniques available in the CBEP-engaged laboratories and the enhanced disease surveillance/control programs. To strengthen the local scientists' ability to develop research ideas, write grant proposals, and conduct research independently, in-country CBEP integrating contractor personnel have mentored scientists across AJ and conducted workshops to address technical gaps. As a result of CBEP engagement, seven research projects developed and led by AJ scientists have been funded, and five projects are currently in various stages of implementation. The Defense Threat Reduction Agency has also sponsored AJ scientist participation at international scientific conferences to introduce and integrate them into the global scientific community. The efforts summarized in this review represent the first steps in an ongoing process that will ultimately provide AJ scientists with the skills and resources to plan and implement research projects of local and regional relevance. PMID:27458577

  17. A magnetostratigraphic time frame for Plio-Pleistocene transgressions in the South Caspian Basin, Azerbaijan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Baak, C. G. C.; Vasiliev, I.; Stoica, M.; Kuiper, K. F.; Forte, A. M.; Aliyeva, E.; Krijgsman, W.

    2013-04-01

    The isolation of the Caspian Sea took place in the latest Miocene coinciding with a significant lowering of sea level and the deposition of a massive lowstand deltaic system. This so-called Productive Series is the main reservoir unit of the South Caspian oil-province. The Productive Series is overlain by marine clays from the Akchagylian and Apsheronian regional stages. During the Plio-Pleistocene, the Caspian basin experienced several short periods of intermittent connectivity with other marine basins. This work aims to create integrated, high-resolution, bio-magnetostratigraphic dating of these regional transgressions in key sections of the South Caspian Basin in Azerbaijan. We sample two long sections, the Lokbatan section in the Palaeo-Volga delta and the Xocashen section in the Kura Basin. Palaeoenvironmental reconstructions are derived from characteristic ostracod species. Rock magnetic analyses combined with thermal demagnetisation data indicate that the magnetic signal is carried dominantly by the iron oxide magnetite in the Productive Series of Lokbatan section and in the Xocashen section. The marine Akchagylian and Apsheronian of Lokbatan are characterised by the iron sulphide greigite, which appears to be of (near-) primary origin. The most logical correlation of the magnetic polarity patterns to the Geomagnetic Polarity Time Scale dates the Akchagylian transgression at ~ 3.2 Ma, a major transgression during the Apsheronian at ~ 2.0 Ma and the Bakunian transgression at 0.85-0.89 Ma. Ostracod assemblages indicate increasing salinities during these transgressions, from fresh water lacustrine to brackish-marine species. This implies that marine connections have been created with an adjacent basin that has a higher salinity, most likely the Black Sea.

  18. Active sulfur cycling by diverse mesophilic and thermophilic microorganisms in terrestrial mud volcanoes of Azerbaijan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green-Saxena, A; Feyzullayev, A; Hubert, C R J; Kallmeyer, J; Krueger, M; Sauer, P; Schulz, H-M; Orphan, V J

    2012-12-01

    Terrestrial mud volcanoes (TMVs) represent geochemically diverse habitats with varying sulfur sources and yet sulfur cycling in these environments remains largely unexplored. Here we characterized the sulfur-metabolizing microorganisms and activity in four TMVs in Azerbaijan. A combination of geochemical analyses, biological rate measurements and molecular diversity surveys (targeting metabolic genes aprA and dsrA and SSU ribosomal RNA) supported the presence of active sulfur-oxidizing and sulfate-reducing guilds in all four TMVs across a range of physiochemical conditions, with diversity of these guilds being unique to each TMV. The TMVs varied in potential sulfate reduction rates (SRR) by up to four orders of magnitude with highest SRR observed in sediments where in situ sulfate concentrations were highest. Maximum temperatures at which SRR were measured was 60°C in two TMVs. Corresponding with these trends in SRR, members of the potentially thermophilic, spore-forming, Desulfotomaculum were detected in these TMVs by targeted 16S rRNA analysis. Additional sulfate-reducing bacterial lineages included members of the Desulfobacteraceae and Desulfobulbaceae detected by aprA and dsrA analyses and likely contributing to the mesophilic SRR measured. Phylotypes affiliated with sulfide-oxidizing Gamma- and Betaproteobacteria were abundant in aprA libraries from low sulfate TMVs, while the highest sulfate TMV harboured 16S rRNA phylotypes associated with sulfur-oxidizing Epsilonproteobacteria. Altogether, the biogeochemical and microbiological data indicate these unique terrestrial habitats support diverse active sulfur-cycling microorganisms reflecting the in situ geochemical environment.

  19. Changing patterns of human anthrax in Azerbaijan during the post-Soviet and preemptive livestock vaccination eras.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kracalik, Ian; Abdullayev, Rakif; Asadov, Kliment; Ismayilova, Rita; Baghirova, Mehriban; Ustun, Narmin; Shikhiyev, Mazahir; Talibzade, Aydin; Blackburn, Jason K

    2014-07-01

    We assessed spatial and temporal changes in the occurrence of human anthrax in Azerbaijan during 1984 through 2010. Data on livestock outbreaks, vaccination efforts, and human anthrax incidence during Soviet governance, post-Soviet governance, preemptive livestock vaccination were analyzed. To evaluate changes in the spatio-temporal distribution of anthrax, we used a combination of spatial analysis, cluster detection, and weighted least squares segmented regression. Results indicated an annual percent change in incidence of (+)11.95% from 1984 to 1995 followed by declining rate of -35.24% after the initiation of livestock vaccination in 1996. Our findings also revealed geographic variation in the spatial distribution of reporting; cases were primarily concentrated in the west early in the study period and shifted eastward as time progressed. Over twenty years after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the distribution of human anthrax in Azerbaijan has undergone marked changes. Despite decreases in the incidence of human anthrax, continued control measures in livestock are needed to mitigate its occurrence. The shifting patterns of human anthrax highlight the need for an integrated "One Health" approach that takes into account the changing geographic distribution of the disease.

  20. Changing patterns of human anthrax in Azerbaijan during the post-Soviet and preemptive livestock vaccination eras.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian Kracalik

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available We assessed spatial and temporal changes in the occurrence of human anthrax in Azerbaijan during 1984 through 2010. Data on livestock outbreaks, vaccination efforts, and human anthrax incidence during Soviet governance, post-Soviet governance, preemptive livestock vaccination were analyzed. To evaluate changes in the spatio-temporal distribution of anthrax, we used a combination of spatial analysis, cluster detection, and weighted least squares segmented regression. Results indicated an annual percent change in incidence of (+11.95% from 1984 to 1995 followed by declining rate of -35.24% after the initiation of livestock vaccination in 1996. Our findings also revealed geographic variation in the spatial distribution of reporting; cases were primarily concentrated in the west early in the study period and shifted eastward as time progressed. Over twenty years after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the distribution of human anthrax in Azerbaijan has undergone marked changes. Despite decreases in the incidence of human anthrax, continued control measures in livestock are needed to mitigate its occurrence. The shifting patterns of human anthrax highlight the need for an integrated "One Health" approach that takes into account the changing geographic distribution of the disease.

  1. EVALUATION OF STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT FIELDS CULTURE, CAPABILITY, INFORMATION AND HUMAN RESOURCES OF YOUTH AND SPORT OFFICES OF WEST AZERBAIJAN PROVINCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roba Yadollahzadeh

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Management has a significant importance in sport organizations, specially, if it is accompanied with a strategic and program-oriented approach. Now in this progressing and developing world sport is not an exception, and many sport organizations are in rapid progress and in most cases the strategic approach of these organizations is the top priority. This study aims at evaluating the fields of strategic management in West Azarbaijan province offices of sport and youth. The subjects of the study are 47 managers and their assistants of W.Azarbaijan youth and sport offices. The tool of gathering data is a standard questionnaire which is made by Vic Gilgeous (improving strategic concerns.The method of descriptive research is a kind of analysis that, it is performed in a field study. For data analyzing, some parameters of descriptive and inferential statistics such as standard deviation, mean, frequency and some other like one sample t-test were used. The results show that the amount of realization of the culture, information and the strategic management resources in offices of youth and sports of W. Azerbaijan, are not in an appropriate condition (p < 0.05.So according to the results of the study we can deduce that the culture, information and strategic management resources in W. Azerbaijan offices of youth and sports, are significantly different with the society average and these fields need to be improved and strengthened.

  2. Frequency and causes of discharges against medical advice from hospital cardiac care units of East Azerbaijan, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saber Azami-Aghdash

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Discharges against medical advice (DAMA is a common problem of hospitals that could lead increasing the complications and readmission. For this, the aim of this study is to investigate the frequency and effective factors of DAMA in patients with cardiovascular disease in hospital cardiac care units (CCU of East Azerbaijan, Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed, in 2013, in Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Required information was extracted using valid and reliable forms of medical records of 2000 patients admitted to 20 CCU in 17 hospitals of East Azerbaijan, by two trained interviewers. Data analysis was performed using descriptive statistics (frequency, mean, percentage, etc., chi-square test, and linear regression model using the SPSS software. The tests were considered a statistically significant level of 0.05%. Results: The results showed that 272 patients (13.6% were DAMA from the hospital. The frequency of DAMA was in men more than women. The most frequency of discharge has occurred in the range of 40-80 years old. Results of linear regression showed that there was a significant correlation between DAMA and type of insurance, history of myocardial infarction (MI, comorbid disease, cause of hospitalization, location of hospital, and staying < 48 hours (P < 0.050. Conclusion: In this study, the rate of DAMA was relatively high compared with similar studies and it is considered as a concern problem that should study the reasons and its effective factors and plan effective interventions to reduce them.

  3. Molecular characterization and sequence analysis of Echinococcus granulosus from sheep isolates in East Azerbaijan province, northwest of Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahami Oskouei, Mahmoud; Ghabouli Mehrabani, Nader; Miahipour, Abolfazl; Fallah, Esmaeil

    2016-09-01

    Echinococcus granulosus as an etiologic agent of hydatid cyst is one of the most important zoonotic helminthes in the world that causing enormous economic and health losses. The aim of this study was to evaluate genotype of E. granulosus isolated from sheep using mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) gene and sequencing method in East Azerbaijan province, northwest of Iran. Nineteen sheep hydatid cyst samples were collected. Genomic DNA was extracted from protoscoleces using commercial DNA extraction kit. Mitochondrial cox1 region was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and all isolates were sequenced. Afterward, sequences were analyzed for determination of genotypes by related software. G1 (94.73 %) and G3 (5.27 %) genotypes were identified from the isolates which out of 19 hydatid cysts, 17 samples were G1B, 1 sample G1D and the other one had G3 genotype. Results of this study indicate that common sheep strain (G1); especially G1B is the dominant subtype of E. granulosus in East Azerbaijan province. PMID:27605785

  4. IN SITU AND EX SITU CONSERVATION OF RARE AND ENDANGERED GEOPHYTES OF THE HIRKAN NATIONAL PARK (AZERBAIJAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IBADLI Oruc

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The Hirkan National Park consists of natural region of Talish Mountains characterized with their unique natural complex. This research was carried out from 2004 to 2007 in order to study the floristic and taxonomical composition of geophytes, elaborate optimal measures of biosafety and their sustainable use. According to floristic composition of the National Park it is a valuable forest which includes 150 endemic species of trees and bushes out of 435 species of trees and bushes. As a result of researches for the first time were found that more than 15 geophyte species are endemic plants of Caucasus or Azerbaijan. Some geophyte species are Allium lenkoranicum Miscz. ex Grossh., A. talyschense Miscz. ex Grossh., Bellevalia fominii Woronow, Ornithogalum hyrcanum Grossh., Fritillaria grandiflora Grossh., Crocus caspius Fisch. & C. A. Mey., Iris helena (C. Koch C. Koch, Himantoglossum formosum (Stev. C. Koch, Ophrys oestrifera M. Bieb., etc. among many others. Isolation of a geographical position of Talish, which vegetation differ a variety of life forms, allows considering geophytes as a group of independent bioecological value. 92 species of geophytes identified and registered in the Hirkan National Park is grouped into 21 families and 46 genera, including 33 rare and endangered species, of which 11 species are included into the “Red Data Book” of Azerbaijan.

  5. Theoretical and Practical Issues of the Implementation of International Norms on Human Rights to the National Legislation (the Example of the Republic of Azerbaijan)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aliyev, Subhan F.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the study is to analyze the features of the implementation of international norms on human rights to the national law system of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Using the method of the critical analysis of national legislative framework on human rights, the authors argue that there are some certain problems connected with the application…

  6. New Class Divisions in the New Market Economies: Evidence from the Careers of Young Adults in Post-Soviet Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Ken; Pollock, Gary

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents evidence from the biographies of samples totaling 1,215 young adults in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia, who all reached age 16 between 1986 and 1992, and whose subsequent life histories coincided with their countries' transitions from communism. The evidence is used to examine whether new classes are being created in the new…

  7. Tectonics, recent geodynamics and seismicity of Azerbaijan part of the Greater Caucasus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aliyev, Fuad; Kangarli, Talat; Rahimov, Fuad; Murtuzov, Zaur; Aliyev, Ziya

    2016-04-01

    Transition area of the Eastern Caucasus - Caspian Megadepression corresponds to a periclinal submergence zone of the mountain folded structure of the Greater Caucasus under Pliocene-Holocenic sedimentary complex of Caspian megabasin. Being a part of Alpine-Himalayan folded belt, Greater Caucasus has formed during alpine stage of tectogenesis under geodynamic conditions of convergent interactions between Northern and Southern Caucasus continental microplates. This process has been accompanied by pseudosubduction of the first plate under the second with formation of allochtonous accretion prism above underthrust zone. Modern folding and napping structure of the orogeny has formed as a result of the horizontal movements of different phases and subphases of alpine tectogenesis, that are presented represented by Late Cimmerian - Wallachian tectonic phases within Azerbaijan territory. Limited by meridional fault-slip zones, Caspian megadepression present itself as a young structure that layered on sublatitudinal convergent zone and developed during Late Miocene (10 million years ago) as a flexure zone between two indenters which actively move northward provoking their separation from the African continent and Arabian plate in the west and secession from Central Iranian plate of the Lut block in the east. The acting movement of Arabian plate to the north results in accumulation of the horizontal stress at the current stage of tectogenesis. Current process reveals itself both in the fragmentation of Southern and Northern Caucasus continental microplates into various-size blocks along the general and anti-Caucasus trended faults, and in consideration horizontal and vertical movements within the convergence zone. All these factors define the complexity of geodynamic condition revealed here, in which seismic activity of a transition zone become apparent. There exist the seismic zones here that are confined both to a convergence line and to the fault zones that confine Caspian

  8. Miocene to Quaternary volcanism in NW Iran Azerbaijan: new geochemical and geochronological data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lechmann, Anna; Burg, Jean-Pierre; Faridi, Mohammad

    2016-04-01

    The Mesozoic to Present geology of Iran has been shaped by the northward subduction of the Neo-Tethys Ocean during convergence and subsequent collision between Arabia and Eurasia, leading to the generation of magmatic arcs and seeding the conditions for the formation of the Turkish-Iranian Plateau. Over this Plateau, Miocene to Quaternary magmatic rocks cover vast areas. Processes, such as lithospheric delamination or slab break-off, which led to this widespread magmatism are still debated. We present major and trace element analyses together with LA-ICP-MS U-Pb zircon ages of domes and lavas from NW Iran Azerbaijan, with the goal to shed light on the generation and evolution of these recent magmatic rocks and compare them with previously published information. We focused on morphologically prominent domes scattered over the region. The sampled domes, dominantly dacitic to rhyolitic in composition, and the lavas, showing a wide range from basaltic to dacitic and few alkaline compositions, have tholeiitic to calc-alkaline and shoshonitic chemical features. REE patterns are steep and flatten towards the HREE. Plots of primitive mantle normalized trace elements systematically show a negative Nb-Ta anomaly indicating a subduction-modified component in the mantle source and/or crustal contamination. U-Pb zircon ages on one lava, two tuffs and 12 dacitic domes yield two distinct age distributions: (1) middle Miocene (ca. 10-12 Ma) and (2) latest Miocene - late Pleistocene (ca. 2-5.5 Ma). Ascribing these two age clusters to trace element compositions reveals that REE patterns became more depleted from middle Miocene to late Pleistocene. On a plot of Rb/Sr vs Ba/Rb the samples follow a low Rb/Sr trend typical for an amphibole-bearing mantle source. First Sr-Nd isotope results lie within or near the mantle array, making crustal contamination enigmatic. Coeval lavas in neighbouring regions (e.g. Ararat) show similar major/trace element and Sr-Nd isotopic compositions and the

  9. The Neo-Tethyan subduction zone(s,?) in Azerbaijan, NW Iran: preliminary results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lechmann, Anna; Burg, Jean-Pierre; Faridi, Mohammad

    2015-04-01

    Azerbaijan in NW Iran, and in particular the Khoy ophiolitic complex, require more detailed documentation to integrate them as elements of the Alpine-Himalayan orogenic belt. They are attributed to multiple accretion and collision after subduction and closure of the Tethys Ocean and related seaways. We are interested in the pre- to syn-collisional relationships between the ophiolitic, arc and other magmatic units. This work investigates to what extent single or multiple collisions and orogeny have shaped the NW Iranian Plateau. In particular, we want to understand the changes in deformation style within the collision zone and the effects of several possibly coeval events such as closure of two suture zones separated by an arc and possibly followed by slab break-off(s). Fieldwork focused on sampling the different magmatic rock units to specify the structural record and the structural relationships between the various lithological units. Cretaceous to Quaternary, regionally distributed magmatic rocks were collected to have good resolution of their changes in space and time. Petrological, geochemical and isotope studies will characterize magmatic rocks and their sources. Major and trace element geochemistry of mantle and crustal suites of the Khoy ophiolitic complex help to constrain the tectonic setting. Two complexes were defined on the basis of K-Ar dating (Khalatbari-Jafari et al., 2004). An older, probably subducted ophiolite of Triassic-Jurassic age and a younger non-metamorphic ophiolite of Late Cretaceous age. Fossil-bearing sediments provide stratigraphic ages of important contacts. Preliminary results are present in form of bulk rock and trace element chemistry of ultramafic and mafic rocks of the Khoy ophiolite(s, ?) and offer a first possibility to compare the data with already existing publications. Additionally, petrological studies of various magmatic rocks present first products for a starting discussion on the geodynamic evolution of the NW part of

  10. Determination of antibiotic residues in the pasteurized milk produced in West Azerbaijan province, North West of Iran

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shirin Forouzan; Amir Rahimirad; Roya Seyedkhoei; Jafar Asadzadeh; Mahmoud Bahmani

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To monitor antibiotic residues in pasteurized milk in West Azerbaijan province, North West of Iran.Methods:In this study, 848 pasteurized milk samples were collected from factories and tested for the presence of antibiotic residues using the Copan test kit based on the manufacturer’s instructions.Results:Results indicated that 30.14% of samples were contaminated with a variety of antibiotics based on the detection of associated residues and 3.19% of these samples were suspected. Given the current rise of antimicrobial resistance among microbial pathogens, these findings amplify the need to ensure continuous monitoring of pasteurized milk that intended for human consumption.Conclusions:Continuous monitoring of pasteurized milk may improve human health but also limit the development and transmission of antibiotic resistant strains in the environment.

  11. Prevalence and molecular characterization of staphylococci isolated from sheep with subclinical mastitis in West-Azerbaijan province, Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahman, Bentolhoda; Ownagh, Abdolghaffar; Mardani, Karim; Farrokhi Ardebili, Farhad

    2016-01-01

    This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of subclinical mastitis caused by Staphylococcus spp. in ewes in West-Azerbaijan province of Iran. Molecular characterization of isolated Staphylococcus spp. from diseased ewes were performed using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) followed by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and DNA sequencing of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (gap) gene. Also, antibiotic resistance of staphylococcal isolates against different antibiotics was investigated. A total number of 900 milk samples from 450 native ewes in their mid-lactation period were examined by the California mastitis test (CMT). The CMT positive samples were cultured and bacteria were isolated from 86 (9.50%) glands and 74 (16.40%) ewes. The prevalence of subclinical mastitis in the examined ewes was 16.40%. Microbiological analysis of milk samples revealed that 27 out of 74 sheep with subclinical mastitis were infected with Staphylococcus spp. Amplification of gap gene of 27 Staphylococcus isolates generated a single amplicon of 933 bp in size confirming that isolates were belonged to Staphylococcus genus. Digestion of PCR products by AluI endonuclease generated different RFLP patterns for each species. Nucleotide sequencing of gap gene followed by phylogenetic analysis showed that the most dominant Staphylococcus species were S. epidermidis, S. xylosus and S. chromogenes. Staphylococcal isolates showed the highest resistance to penicillin and ampicillin. In conclusion, Staphylococcus species, except for the southern parts of the province, play an important role in the development of subclinical mastitis in sheep in West-Azerbaijan province of Iran. Also, chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin and neomycin are the most effective antibiotics for treatment of this disease. PMID:27482361

  12. 13 May 2016 - Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Permanent Representative of the Republic of Azerbaijan to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva V. Sadiqov signing the guest book with Head of Associate Member and Non-Member State Relations E. Tsesmelis and Adviser C. Schäfer. Permanent Mission First Secretary H. Huseynov is also present.

    CERN Multimedia

    Brice, Maximilien

    2016-01-01

    His Excellency Mr Vaqif Sadiqov Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of the Republic of Azerbaijan to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva

  13. An empirical study to investigate the effects of thinking styles on emotional intelligence: A case study of Jihad Agriculture Organization of east Azerbaijan province

    OpenAIRE

    Habibeh Ayagh; Hassan Darvish

    2013-01-01

    An empirical study to investigate the effects of thinking styles on emotional intelligence among employees of agriculture industry in east Azerbaijan province. The proposed study uses a standard thinking style questionnaire originally developed by Sternberg and Wagner (1992) [Sternberg, R. J., & Wagner, R. K. (1992). Thinking styles inventory. Unpublished test, Yale University]. There are 716 employees working for this agriculture-based unit and the study uses random sampling technique and ch...

  14. The EU must actively engage with Azerbaijan and hold it to its commitments: otherwise it risks being a tacit supporter of an autocracy

    OpenAIRE

    Kobzova, Jana; Alieva, Leila; Kennedy, Dan

    2012-01-01

    The EU is now trying to put democracy back into the heart of its foreign policy. Yet, the EU and its member states seem to have greater concern for their own energy interests than engaging with Azerbaijan’s near-autocratic regime. Jana Kobzova, Leila Alieva and Dan Kennedy call for the EU to pursue a “hug and hold” strategy with Azerbaijan –close engagement, complemented by holding the regime to its commitments to reform.

  15. Development 3D model of adaptation of the Azerbaijan coastal zone at the various levels of Caspian Sea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mammadov, Ramiz

    2013-04-01

    The most characteristic feature of the Caspian Sea which difference it on relation other seas is its periodical fluctuating in its level. In many coastal regions of the world the problem of influence of change of a sea level on activities of the human is a problem of the long-term future, but in region of Caspian Sea, especially in its Azerbaijan sector, it is already actual. Also experience accumulated here, can be use at the decision of problems of optimization of wildlife management in conditions of significant change of a sea level as model of potential consequences of warming of a climate. Changeableness of the level of the Caspian sea over many years can be observed better on the basis of natural observations, a systematic basis of which has been put by the academician E. Lents in 1830 year in Baku coastal line. According these data in 1882 the average level has reached its level -25.2 m. the highest point over the observations, i.e. by 1.8 m. higher than today's level. The average level over 1830-1930 was about -25.83 m. In 1960 some stabilization in the level, about 28,4 meters, in 1970 was a sharp drop, in 1977 - sharp drop reached -29.00 rn. The drop over the whole period of observations totaled 3.8 m within diapason -25.2 -29.0 m. In 1978 the level of the sea began to increase and in 1995 its average yearly mark reach -26,62 rn. Intensiveness of the rise of the level ever that period totaled in average about 14 cm per year. As a result of this rise of a sea level about 800 km2 of a coastal zone it has been flooded, the ecological situation has worsened, and there were ecological refugees. The damage to a coastal zone of Azerbaijan was 2 billion USA dollars. Caspian sea also has within-year (seasonal) variability equal 32 sm and sleeve and pileup change of level. Its estimate in Azerbaijan coastal zone is 0.8-1.0 m. In the coastal zone also necessary take into height of the wave which in these coasts can be 3.0 m height. All these means that in the

  16. Quantitative Assessment of Spatio-Temporal Desertification Rates in Azerbaijan during Using Timeseries Landsat-8 Satellite Images

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bayramov, Emil; Mammadov, Ramiz

    2016-07-01

    The main goals of this research are the object-based landcover classification of LANDSAT-8 multi-spectral satellite images in 2014 and 2015, quantification of Normalized Difference Vegetation Indices (NDVI) rates within the land-cover classes, change detection analysis between the NDVIs derived from multi-temporal LANDSAT-8 satellite images and the quantification of those changes within the land-cover classes and detection of changes between land-cover classes. The object-based classification accuracy of the land-cover classes was validated through the standard confusion matrix which revealed 80 % of land-cover classification accuracy for both years. The analysis revealed that the area of agricultural lands increased from 30911 sq. km. in 2014 to 31999 sq. km. in 2015. The area of barelands increased from 3933 sq. km. in 2014 to 4187 sq. km. in 2015. The area of forests increased from 8211 sq. km. in 2014 to 9175 sq. km. in 2015. The area of grasslands decreased from 27176 sq. km. in 2014 to 23294 sq. km. in 2015. The area of urban areas increased from 12479 sq. km. in 2014 to 12956 sq. km. in 2015. The decrease in the area of grasslands was mainly explained by the landuse shifts of grasslands to agricultural and urban lands. The quantification of low and medium NDVI rates revealed the increase within the agricultural, urban and forest land-cover classes in 2015. However, the high NDVI rates within agricultural, urban and forest land-cover classes in 2015 revealed to be lower relative to 2014. The change detection analysis between landscover types of 2014 and 2015 allowed to determine that 7740 sq. km. of grasslands shifted to agricultural landcover type whereas 5442sq. km. of agricultural lands shifted to rangelands. This means that the spatio-temporal patters of agricultural activities occurred in Azerbaijan because some of the areas reduced agricultural activities whereas some of them changed their landuse type to agricultural. Based on the achieved results, it

  17. Epidemiology of Head Lice Infestation in Primary SchoolPupils, in Khajeh City, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Shayeghi

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Pediculus capitis (Anoplura: Pediculidae or head louse is an obligate ectoparasite transmitted mainly through physical contact. This study was conducted to survey the prevalence of head lice infestation rate and some risk factors in Primary School pupils, in Khajeh City East Azerbaijan Province, IranMethods: We selected 20 primary schools of Khajeh City during 2008 and 2009. Totally 500 pupils including 200 boys and 300 girls from all grade 1-5 were selected by multistage, systematic random sampling in rural areas of Khajeh City and were examined for lice. In addition, a standard questionnaire recorded information about demographic features of each pupil. Results were analyzed by SPSS software.Results: The total prevalence of head lice infestation in this study was 4.8%. and the prevalence rate was significantly higher in girls (6.66% than in boys (2%. Epidemiological factors such as: sex, school grade, family size, parent's education, type of house, hair washing (per week, number of using comb per day, were evaluated and results showed significant difference in head lice infestation and sex, school grade ,family size ,father education ,and type of house (P< 0.05.Conclusion: Pediculosis is a public health problem in many parts of the world, and due to the higher prevalence of pediculosis in crowded families, family by lower levels of father's education and socioeconomic status in our study and rural area, it is necessary to give health education for families to prevent of pediculosis in this area.

  18. T- Lymphocyte Subset (CD4 /CD8) Ratios of Breast Cancer Patients in Basra-Iraq and Baku-Azerbaijan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nasr Ghalib, Noori; Nasrullayeva, G M; Qaziyev, A Y; Al-Ali Jawad, K H

    2016-01-01

    Breast cancer is the most common cancer among the population as a whole and among females, yet it is highly curable if diagnosed at an early stage. Different methods are used to diagnose breast cancer. One of these methods features immunological tests using flow cytometry to determine T-lymphocyte (CD4/CD8) ratios in peripheral blood. One hundred patients with breast cancer (50 from Basra, Iraq, and 50 from Baku, Azerbaijan) confirmed to have breast cancer by histopathology were studied. Blood samples were collected from all patients before initiation of treatment and were used for analysis. The mean age of women from Basra was 51.2 ± 10.7 years and that of women from Baku was slightly higher at 54.8 ± 12.2 . The mean CD4/CD8 ratio in Basra was 1.4 and in Baku was 1.8 with P value < 0.05. The percentage of Basra patients who have CD4/CD8 value less than 1 was 50%, while the percentage for Baku patients was 24 % (p < 0.05). While the CD4/CD8 T-lymphocyte ratio might be useful for early diagnosis in patients with breast cancer parallel with other confirmed tests factors involved in explaining variation between countries such as that observed here need to be taken into account. PMID:27165253

  19. Seismic Tomography of Siyazan - Shabran Oil and Gas Region Of Azerbaijan by Data of The Seismic Stations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yetirmishli, Gurban; Guliyev, Ibrahim; Mammadov, Nazim; Kazimova, Sabina; Ismailova, Saida

    2016-04-01

    The main purpose of the research was to build a reliable 3D model of the structure of seismic velocities in the earth crust on the territory of Siyazan-Shabran region of Azerbaijan, using the data of seismic telemetry stations spanning Siyazan-Shabran region (Siyazan, Altiagaj, Pirgulu, Guba, Khinalig, Gusar), including 7 mobile telemetry seismic stations. Interest to the problem of research seismic tomography caused by applied environmental objectives, such as the assessment of geological risks, engineering evaluation (stability and safety of wells), the task of exploration and mining operations. In the study region are being actively developed oil fields, and therefore, there is a risk of technogenic earthquakes. It was performed the calculation of first arrival travel times of P and S waves and the corresponding ray paths. Calculate 1D velocity model which is the initial model as a set of horizontal layers (velocity may be constant or changed linearly with depth on each layer, gaps are possible only at the boundaries between the layers). Have been constructed and analyzed the horizontal sections of the three-dimensional velocity model at different depths of the investigated region. By the empirical method was proposed density model of the sedimentary rocks at depths of 0-8 km.

  20. Does the Budget Expenditure Composition Matter for Long-Run Economic Growth in a Resource Rich Country? Evidence from Azerbaijan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khatai Aliyev

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the role of budget expenditure composition over Azerbaijan’s non-oil economic growth in the long-run by classifying public spending as capital, social and other expenditures. Authors’ employ ARDLBT approach to co-integration for the period of 2000Q1-2014Q4 to estimate long-run contribution of each spending category before-and-after the oil boom while controlling for oilrelated factors. Empirical results endorse the validity of long-run association among variables. Results concluded insignificant negative impact of capital expenditures, and significant negative impact of other expenditures. However, social spending has statistically and economically strong positive impact over the non-oil output growth. Therefore, research findings confirm that public expenditure composition significantly matters for long-run non-oil economic growth, and social expenditures have the greater positive impact in a resource-rich economy, Azerbaijan. Research results are highly useful for the government officials to consider while planning the expenditures in order to minimize negative response of non-oil sector to the fiscal contraction.

  1. Affective Factors in the Wheat Farmers’ Adoption of Farming Methods of Soil Management in West Azerbaijan Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soleiman Rasouliazar

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Soil Management (SM is critical to human well-being that itis more important now because of meeting the high demandsfor food production and satisfying the needs of an increasingworld population. Therefore, the purpose of this descriptivecorrelationstudy was to investigate the effective factors onwheat farmers’ adoption of Farming Methods of Soil Management(FMSM. The research instrument was a structural questionnairewith close-ended questions, which its validity and reliabilitywas confirmed. The target population included all wheat farmersin West Azerbaijan Province (N=24949 that among of them,371 wheat farmers was chosen by using Krejcie & Morgan’stable through multi-stage sampling (n=371. The descriptiveresults showed the majority of farmers (237 or 63.90% hadmoderate adoption of FMSM. These results also indicatedfarmers used three FMSM namely 1 using crop rotation, 2using animal fertilizers, and 3 using soil testing more thanothers did. On the other hands, there were significant relationshipsbetween some of personal, farming, social, economic, and extension-education characteristics of farmers and the amount oftheir adoption of FMSM. Finally, stepwise regression analysisrevealed that 35.30% (R2 =0.353 of the variances in the amountof farmers' adoption of FMSM could be explained by the fivevariables namely farm size, knowledge about FMSM, the amountof extension contacts about FMSM, distance between farm andagricultural service centers, and the amount of attitude towardFMSM.

  2. THE TRACES OF AZERBAIJAN TURKISH ON FUZÛLÎ AZERBAYCAN TÜRKÇESİNİN FUZÛLÎ’DEKİ İZLERİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa KARATAŞ

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Azerbaijan Turkish has become different from Ottoman Turkish as a result of political, geographical reasons since XVI. century and it has reached up to now as a standardized written language. Some affixes in today’s Azerbayijan Turkish have no usage in Otoman Turkish that has been developed by “common dialect resource” of Old Turkiye Turkish; but these have been standardized in Azerbaijan Turkish that has also been developed by the same resource. Today, it has been confirmed that these affixes used in written language of Azerbaijan Turkish take place in “Türkçe Divan of Fuzûlî” who was the Turkish poet of Iraq geography in XVI. century. These affixes are evaluated as traces on Fuzûlî of today’s Azerbaijan Turkish. Azerbaycan Türkçesi, Osmanlı Türkçesinden XVI. yüzyıldan itibaren siyasî, coğrafî nedenlerle farklılaşmaya başlamış ve XVIII. yüzyıldan sonra ölçünlü bir yazı dili olarak günümüze kadar ulaşmıştır. Günümüz Azerbaycan Türkçesindeki bazı ekler, Eski Türkiye Türkçesi “ortak ağız havuzu”ndan beslenerek gelişen Osmanlı Türkçesinde zamanla kullanımdan düşmüştür; ancak bunlar XVI. yüzyıldan sonra yine aynı havuzdan beslenerek gelişen Azerbaycan Türkçesinde ölçünlüleşmiştir. Bugün Azerbaycan Türkçesi yazı dilinde kullanılan bu eklerin XVI. yüzyıl Irak coğrafyasının Türk şairi Fuzûlî’nin Türkçe Divanı’nda yer aldığı tespit edilmiştir. Bu şekiller, günümüz Azerbaycan Türkçesinin Fuzûlî’deki izleri olarak değerlendirilmiştir.

  3. Feasibility study concerning remediation and rehabilitation of industrial polluted lands on the Absheron Peninsula, Republic of Azerbaijan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pivin, Majorie; Helsen, Stefan; Cuyvers, Lars

    2014-05-01

    ECOREM is carrying out a feasibility study focused on the remediation and rehabilitation of industrial polluted lands, located on the Absheron Peninsula (Republic of Azerbaijan), on behalf of the State Oil Company of Azerbaijan Republic (SOCAR). The objective of this study is to support SOCAR with specific technologies and capacity building for environmental remediation works on various sectors of the Peninsula. As an independent consultancy company, ECOREM provides sustainable and quality advice, seeking the balance to the interests of the client and the environment in the broadest sense of the word. Within this study, it is important to underline that extraction activities in the country have been going on for more than a century. Given that the age of the environmental problems is equal to the history of the oil production, it is nearly impossible to point out the responsibilities of the various companies or to define the exact activities that occurred on a particular location. From the data gathered so far, more than 3600 ha of oil contaminated area are known in Baku and the Absheron Peninsula. Within this feasibility study, ECOREM will advice SOCAR on suitable and best available remediation technologies to apply on prior contaminated areas. According to the Environmental Policy of the Company, SOCAR would like to act in priority on the numerous contaminated lands of the Absheron Peninsula. Through the exploitation of the extensive GIS database provided by SOCAR, the oil contaminated sites will be examined in details in order to determine the most sensitive areas, on which remediation works or monitoring should be implemented in priority. To locate these sites, ECOREM will provide SOCAR with technical support in order to conduct risk analysis, remediation and monitoring of soil and/or groundwater oil pollutions. According to these results, practical solutions will be proposed concerning the possible reuse and management of contaminated soils and hazardous

  4. Thermal history, exhumation, uplift, and long-term landscape evolution of the Eastern Great and Northern Lesser Caucasus, Azerbaijan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spilger, Tatiana; Glasmacher, Ulrich Anton; Mosar, Jon

    2015-04-01

    The Caucasus orogen (Great and Lesser Caucasus) is the highest mountain range between Asia and Europe, whose growth takes place since the beginning of the Cenozoic (Mosar et al. 2010). The orogen has evolved as a result of the active north directed convergence of the Arabian plate (Nikishin et al. 2001). The Great Caucasus (GC) represents a doubly verging fold-and-thrust belt, with a per-and a retro wedge actively propagating into the foreland sedimentary basins to the south and to the north (Sholpo 1993). Thermochronometric techniques (fission-track, (U-Th-Sm)/He, each on apatite and zircon) are used to reconstruct the thermal evolution of the upper crust, the subsidence, as well as the rock and surface uplift of the Eastern GC and Northern Lesser Caucasus and to connect them with the thrust kinematics of the GC. Samples were taken along different transects in Eastern GC and Northern Lesser Caucasus in Azerbaijan. Most samples of Eastern GC are Lower Jurassic age sandstones (deep marine and slope facies). Several sedimentary rock samples of Cretaceous, Miocene, Pliocene and Quaternary age were taken from the outcrops in the Kura basin and along rivers in the Eastern GC. Samples of the Lesser Caucasus are igneous and sedimentary origin and have Lower Jurassic to Holocene age. The first AFT-data in the Eastern Great Caucasus were investigated. All researched samples show recessed AF-ages. Most dated sedimentary samples have several populations of apatite minerals. Apatite minerals have low U-concentration (up to 10 ppm). Most dated samples taken in Aalenian sandstone have very young AFT-ages (up to 10 Ma). Some samples show Oligocene AF-ages of 23-28Ma. The preliminary data confirm orogeny in the Eastern Great Caucasus since Oligocene and propagation of orogeny since middle Miocene (Mosar et al. 2010). References Mosar, J., Kangarli, T., Bochud, M., Glasmacher, U.A., Rast, A., Brunet, M.-F. & Sosson, M. 2010. Cenozoic-Recent tectonics and uplift in the Greater

  5. Pre-eruptive ground deformation of Azerbaijan mud volcanoes detected through satellite radar interferometry (DInSAR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonielli, Benedetta; Monserrat, Oriol; Bonini, Marco; Righini, Gaia; Sani, Federico; Luzi, Guido; Feyzullayev, Akper A.; Aliyev, Chingiz S.

    2014-12-01

    Mud volcanism is a process that leads to the extrusion of subsurface mud, fragments of country rocks, saline waters and gases. This mechanism is typically linked to hydrocarbon traps, and the extrusion of this material builds up a variety of conical edifices with a similar morphology to those of magmatic volcanoes, though smaller in size. The Differential Interferometry Synthetic Aperture Radar (DInSAR) technique has been used to investigate the ground deformation related to the activity of the mud volcanoes of Azerbaijan. The analysis of a set of wrapped and unwrapped interferograms, selected according to their coherence, allowed the detection of significant superficial deformation related to the activity of four mud volcanoes. The ground displacement patterns observed during the period spanning from October 2003 to November 2005 are dominated by uplift, which reach a cumulative value of up to 20 and 10 cm at the Ayaz-Akhtarma and Khara-Zira Island mud volcanoes, respectively. However, some sectors of the mud volcano edifices are affected by subsidence, which might correspond to deflation zones that coexist with the inflation zones characterized by the dominant uplift. Important deformation events, caused by fluid pressure and volume variations, have been observed both (1) in connection with main eruptive events in the form of pre-eruptive uplift, and (2) in the form of short-lived deformation pulses that interrupt a period of quiescence. Both deformation patterns show important similarities to those identified in some magmatic systems. The pre-eruptive uplift has been observed in many magmatic volcanoes as a consequence of magma intrusion or hydrothermal fluid injection. Moreover, discrete short-duration pulses of deformation are also experienced by magmatic volcanoes and are repeated over time as multiple inflation and deflation events.

  6. Paratethys flooding and Mediterranean-Paratethys interactions during the onset of the Messinian Salinity Crisis: The Pontian of Azerbaijan

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Baak, Christiaan; Grothe, Arjen; Stoica, Marius; Aliyeva, Elmira; Vasiliev, Iuliana; Krijgsman, Wout

    2013-04-01

    Recently, the boundary between the Late Miocene Meotian and Pontian regional stages of the Eastern Paratethys has been magnetostratigraphically dated at ~6.04 Ma. The boundary coincides with a rise in Paratethys sea-level caused by the establishment of a connection to marine waters. Following this, the Lower Pontian of the Eastern Paratethys is characterised by highstand brackish-marine deposits. The establishment of the connection between Paratethys and Mediterranean Sea immediately precedes the Messinian Salinity Crisis in the Mediterranean Sea, the onset of which has been dated at 5.96±0.02 Ma. The role of the connection between Paratethys and Mediterranean at this time is not well known. In particular, the influence of the Paratethys on the hydrological budget of the Mediterranean Sea during the Messinian Salinity Crisis is an important unknown. It is important to know how far east the Paratethys reached during the Pontian and if rivers currently draining into the Caspian Sea were also potentially affecting the Mediterranean hydrological budget. Here, we present data from Pontian sections and localities throughout Azerbaijan aiming to create a high-resolution integrated stratigraphy by means of bio-magnetostratigraphy and Ar/Ar radio-isotopic dating. We focus in particular on the Meotian/Pontian boundary interval in order to more accurately date and describe the paleoenvironmental change associated with this boundary. Our new data will improve the understanding of the connectivity between Paratethys and Mediterranean Sea during the onset and the first stage of the Messinian Salinity Crisis.

  7. Molecular study on infection rates of Anaplasma ovis and Anaplasma marginale in sheep and cattle in West-Azerbaijan province, Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noaman, Vahid; Bastani, Davood

    2016-01-01

    This study was carried out to determine the presence and frequency of Anaplasma ovis and Anaplasma marginale in sheep and dairy cattle in West-Azerbaijan province, Iran. A total number of 200 blood samples were randomly collected via the jugular vein from apparently healthy cattle (100) and sheep (100). The extracted DNA from blood cells was screened using genus-specific (Anaplasma spp.) nested-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based on 16S rRNA gene primer sets. Species-specific PCR was set up using major surface protein 4 (MSP4) gene primer set. None of cattle blood samples were positive for Anaplasma spp. by the first nested PCR. Five samples among the 100 sheep blood samples were both positive in the first nested PCR and A. ovis -specific PCR, based on MSP4 gene. In total, 5.00% of animals were A. ovis positive. This study identified a low prevalence of A. ovis in the blood of apparently healthy sheep in West Azerbaijan province. PMID:27482362

  8. The Kharapeh orogenic gold deposit: Geological, structural, and geochemical controls on epizonal ore formation in West Azerbaijan Province, Northwestern Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niroomand, Shojaeddin; Goldfarb, Richard J.; Moore, Farib; Mohajjel, Mohammad; Marsh, Erin E.

    2011-01-01

    The Kharapeh gold deposit is located along the northwestern margin of the Sanandaj–Sirjan Zone (SSZ) in the West Azerbaijan province, Iran. It is an epizonal orogenic gold deposit formed within the deformed zone between central Iran and the Arabian plate during the Cretaceous–Tertiary Zagros orogeny. The deposit area is underlain by Cretaceous schist and marble, as well as altered andesite and dacite dikes. Structural analysis indicates that the rocks underwent tight to isoclinal recumbent folding and were subsequently co-axially refolded to upright open folds during a second deformation. Late- to post-tectonic Cenozoic granites and granodiorites occur northeast of the deposit area. Mineralization mainly is recognized within NW-trending extensional structures as veins and breccia zones. Normal faults, intermediate dikes, and quartz veins, oriented subparallel to the axial surface of the Kharapeh antiform, indicate synchronous extension perpendicular to the fold axis during the second folding event. The gold-bearing quartz veins are >1 km in length and average about 6 m in width; breccia zones are 10–50 m in length and ≤1 m in width. Hydrothermal alteration mainly consists of silicification, sulfidation, chloritization, sericitization, and carbonatization. Paragenetic relationships indicate three distinct stages—replacement and silicification, brecciation and fracture filling, and cataclastic brecciation—with the latter two being gold-rich. Fluid inclusion data suggest mineral deposition at temperatures of at least 220–255°C and depths of at least 1.4–1.8 km, from a H2O–CO2±CH4 fluid of relatively high salinity (12–14 wt.% NaCl equiv.), which may reflect metamorphism of passive margin carbonate sequences. Ore fluid δ18O values between about 7‰ and 9‰ suggest no significant meteoric water input, despite gold deposition in a relatively shallow epizonal environment. Similarities to other deposits in the SSZ suggest that the deposit formed as

  9. Hybrid solar-wind installation prospects for hot water and heating supply of private homes in the Absheron peninsula conditions of the Republic of Azerbaijan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arzu Huseynov

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses the environmental problems arising from the use of traditional energy resources for the production of electricity and heat. The advantages of replacing conventional energy resources and shifting to wind and solar energy technologies are explained. The possibilities of the combined use of solar and wind energy to provide an average family of 5 people with hot water and heating are explored. Experimental results were obtained from full-scale tests under prevailing conditions at Baku. Solar-wind hybrid systems for heating and hot water were designed and developed at the Institute of Radiation Problems of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences. The paper also examines the possibility of supplying a family of 5 people with hot water produced by solar energy year-round and presents the results of the calculation of the energy balance of such facility.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.erem.71.3.12274

  10. The Problems of the Variety of Formation and Functioning of the Special Economic Zones in Azerbaijan in the Context of the World Experience

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    Sh.T. Aliyev

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The variety of formation and functioning of the special economic zones in the context of the world experience is investigated in the article. The stages of formation of such zones in the different countries of the world, of their peculiarities and characteristic features, and the different variants of functioning are analyzed in the given article. There is shown a number of practical examples of the variants of SEZ, which function in the countries of the world, and also their effectiveness and the gained experience. There is also given a number of suggestions and the necessity on use of the new economic instruments, on transition to the innovation economics and formation of SEZ in Azerbaijan in present conditions is validated.

  11. Food Security in Azerbaijan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kamran Ismayilov

    2009-01-01

    @@ In the 21st century the society got some achievements in technological,education,economic,social-political,cultural and etc.sectors.But society couldn't solve fully the food security problem yet.According to the information given by FAO if in 1970 there were 400 billion hungry people in the world,in 2008 the number of hungry people was doubled and increased to 800 billion people.

  12. Agreement between the Republic of Azerbaijan and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the application of safeguards in connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the text of the Agreement (and the Protocol thereto) concluded between the Republic of Azerbaijan and the International Atomic Energy agency for the application of safeguards in connection with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). It contains two parts: Part I stipulates the agreement of Azerbaijan to accept safeguards on all source or special fissionable material in all peaceful nuclear activities within its territory, under its jurisdiction or carried out under its control anywhere, for the exclusive purpose of verifying that such material is not diverted to nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices. Part II specifies the procedures to be applied in the implementation of the safeguards provisions of Part I. The Agreement was approved by the Agency's Board of Governors on 14 September 1998, signed in Vienna on 6 November 1998, and entered into force on 29 April 1999. The Protocol entered into force on the same date

  13. IN THE AZERBAIJAN FIELD TURKISH LITERATURE, THE FIRST PERIODICAL PUBLICATIONS AND “MOLLA NESREDDIN DERGISI” / AZERBAYCAN SAHASI TÜRK EDEBIYATINDA ILK SÜRELI YAYIN FAALIYETLERI VE “MOLLA NESREDDIN DERGISI”

    OpenAIRE

    Dr. Mithat DURMUŞ

    2008-01-01

    In the Azerbaijan Field Turkish Literature, the firstperiodical publication studies started at the end of the19th century. This date includes the same period for theTurkish Field Turkish Literature. In this study, in whichlevel the periodical publication activities at bothgeography are and through which aims the experiencesare realized are tried to be explained. It is given greatimportance to the “Molla Nesreddin” magazine which waspublished at the and of the 19th century and at thebeginning ...

  14. Pre-incarceration police harassment, drug addiction and HIV risk behaviours among prisoners in Kyrgyzstan and Azerbaijan: results from a nationally representative cross-sectional study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polonsky, Maxim; Azbel, Lyuba; Wegman, Martin P; Izenberg, Jacob M; Bachireddy, Chethan; Wickersham, Jeffrey A; Dvoriak, Sergii; Altice, Frederick L

    2016-01-01

    Introduction The expanding HIV epidemic in Azerbaijan and Kyrgyzstan is concentrated among people who inject drugs (PWID), who comprise a third of prisoners there. Detention of PWID is common but its impact on health has not been previously studied in the region. We aimed to understand the relationship between official and unofficial (police harassment) detention of PWID and HIV risk behaviours. Methods In a nationally representative cross-sectional study, soon-to-be released prisoners in Kyrgyzstan (N=368) and Azerbaijan (N=510) completed standardized health assessment surveys. After identifying correlated variables through bivariate testing, we built multi-group path models with pre-incarceration official and unofficial detention as exogenous variables and pre-incarceration composite HIV risk as an endogenous variable, controlling for potential confounders and estimating indirect effects. Results Overall, 463 (51%) prisoners reported at least one detention in the year before incarceration with an average of 1.3 detentions in that period. Unofficial detentions (13%) were less common than official detentions (41%). Optimal model fit was achieved (X2=5.83, p=0.44; Goodness of Fit Index (GFI) GFI=0.99; Comparative Fit Index (CFI) CFI=1.00; Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA) RMSEA=0.00; PCLOSE=0.98) when unofficial detention had an indirect effect on HIV risk, mediated by drug addiction severity, with more detentions associated with higher addiction severity, which in turn correlated with increased HIV risk. The final model explained 35% of the variance in the outcome. The effect was maintained for both countries, but stronger for Kyrgyzstan. The model also holds for Kyrgyzstan using unique data on within-prison drug injection as the outcome, which was frequent in prisoners there. Conclusions Detention by police is a strong correlate of addiction severity, which mediates its effect on HIV risk behaviour. This pattern suggests that police may target drug

  15. Study on Leishmania infection in cats from Ahar,East Azerbaijan Province and North West Iran by parasitological,serological and molecular methods

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Taher; Nemati; Majid; Khanmohammadi; Ahad; Bazmani; Nasrin; Mirsamadi; Mohammad; Hassan; Kohansal; Koshki; Mehdi; Mohebali; Mohammad; Fatollahzadeh; Esmail; Fallah

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To study Leishmania infection in cats and its potential role in triuismission of the disease to human by parasitological,serological and molecular methods in Ahar District,East Azerbaijan Province.Methods:In this study,65 cats from different parts of Ahar Province were trapped.The cats were anesthetized with chloroform and blood samples were taken from jugular vein and tested by direct agglutination lest.Spleen and liver smear samples were prepared in order to microscopically examine these organs,and also cultured in Novy-MucNeal-Nicolle and Roswell Park Memorial Institute 1 641) media.Finally,spleen tissue DNA was extracted to perform polymerase chain reaction analysis.Results:In direct agglutination test,4(6%) cats had a positive titer,while 14(22%) cats had a titer of 1:80 which was suspected for an infection and 47(729c) cats were negative.Culture results were negative and ill polymerase chain reaction no amplification was observed.Conclusions:Wc found no case of feline visceral leishmaniasis.It needs more extensive studies by using a larger number of cats to firmly establish leishmaniasis in this area.

  16. Evaluation of Association Between HLA Class II DR4–DQ8 Haplotype and Type I Diabetes Mellitus in Children of East Azerbaijan State of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasrin Sohrabi

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Association between HLA-DR4–DQ8 haplotype and type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (DM-1A was investigated in children of East Azerbaijan state of Iran because such an association has not been previously studied in this population. Methods: HLA-typing was performed by polymerase chain reaction sequence-specific priming. For haplotype analysis, the logistic regression model was performed. Results: Of the three investigated alleles, the frequency of DRB1*0401 was significantly higher among patients compared with that in healthy subjects (76.74% vs. 23.26%. Conclusion: The findings of the current study are consistent with those of previous studies and show that DRB1*0401 is associated with DM-1A; the frequencies of the two other alleles were also higher among patients, although the differences were not statistically significant. Two haplotypes associated with these alleles were also surveyed, and DRB1*0401−-DQA1*0301−, and DRB1*0401−-DQA1*0301−-DQB1*0302− were the most frequent haplotypes among the patient group.

  17. Isolation, identification, and monitoring of antibiotic resistance in Pasteurella multocida and Mannheimia haemolytica isolated from sheep in East Azerbaijan province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Khalili

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The present study was carried out in order to isolate, identify, and assess the antimicrobial susceptibility of the causative agent(s of pneumonic pasteurellosis in sheep in East Azerbaijan province, northwest of Iran. Pneumonia was detected in 320 cases, and the affected lungs were sampled in the slaughterhouse. The samples were investigated bacteriologically for the isolation of two microorganisms from the Pasteurellaceae family. Pasteurella multocida was isolated from six (1.87% samples, while none of the lung tissues were positive for Mannheimia haemolytica. After the isolation and detection of microorganisms via cultural and morphological tests, the bacteria were identified on the basis of biochemical criteria and polymerase chain reaction (PCR technique. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed on all P. multocida isolates, using broth microdilution method. Evaluation of the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC of eight antimicrobial agents against the tested isolates showed that all the organisms were resistant to amoxicillin and relatively susceptible to ceftiofur. In conclusion, P. multocida was introduced as the main cause of ovine pneumonic pasteurellosis in the studied district, and the outbreak frequency significantly varied in different seasons of the year (P

  18. Geomorphic response and 14C chronology of base-level changes induced by Late Quaternary Caspian Sea mobility (middle Kura Valley, Azerbaijan)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ollivier, V.; Fontugne, M.; Lyonnet, B.

    2015-02-01

    Recent geomorphological studies in Azerbaijan reveal the importance of climato-eustatic influences on landscape changes in the Caspian Sea Basin during the last 40 ka. Radiocarbon-dated fluvial landforms show that the paleohydrosystem of the middle Kura valley and tributaries responded to regressive and transgressive phases of the Caspian Sea. Chrono-sequences and landforms secured by 32 radiocarbon ages show strong correspondence between fluvial sediment accumulation and oscillations of base level in the Caspian Sea. Six phases of valley floor aggradation (e.g. 27,000-13,000; 11,000-3200; 2900-2100; 1600-1000; 400-150 cal. yr BP) and seven phases of fluvial incision (> 37,000; 37,000-27,000; 13,000-11,000; 3200-2900; 2100-1600; 1000-400; 150-0 cal. yr BP) are recorded. Morphodynamics of the fluvial landscape show a strong correspondence with fluctuation in sea levels in the Caspian Sea: the major Upper Pleistocene-Late Glacial Khvalynian (c.a. 26,000 to 12,400 cal. yr BP) and various Holocene transgressions as well as the Mangyshlak (c.a. 12,000 cal. yr BP) and Derbent (6th-12th century AD) regressions. These data contribute to refining the Caspian relative sea-level curve for the last 30 ka using the chronology of changes in the aggradation or incision in the connected fluvial system.

  19. An empirical study to investigate the effects of thinking styles on emotional intelligence: A case study of Jihad Agriculture Organization of east Azerbaijan province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Habibeh Ayagh

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available An empirical study to investigate the effects of thinking styles on emotional intelligence among employees of agriculture industry in east Azerbaijan province. The proposed study uses a standard thinking style questionnaire originally developed by Sternberg and Wagner (1992 [Sternberg, R. J., & Wagner, R. K. (1992. Thinking styles inventory. Unpublished test, Yale University]. There are 716 employees working for this agriculture-based unit and the study uses random sampling technique and chooses 255 employees for this study. Cronbach alpha has been used to verify the overall questionnaire and different tests such as Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Pearson correlation test are used to examine different hypotheses of this survey. The results indicate there is positive and meaningful relationship between thinking style and emotional intelligence. We can also confirm that four thinking style’s components including functions, levels, scope and learning have meaningful impact on emotional intelligence when the level of significance is five or even one percent. However, forms did not have any meaningful impact on emotional intelligence.

  20. Determination of phenolic compounds content and antioxidant activity in skin, pulp, seed, cane and leaf of five native grape cultivars in West Azerbaijan province, Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farhadi, Khalil; Esmaeilzadeh, Forough; Hatami, Mehdi; Forough, Mehrdad; Molaie, Rahim

    2016-05-15

    In the present work, the phenolic compounds content and antioxidant activity in the skin, pulp, seed, cane and leaf of one international (Muscat) and five native (Hosseini, Ghara Shira, Agh Shani, Ghara Shani and Ghara Ghandome) grape cultivated in West Azerbaijan, Iran were investigated. Ghara Shani grape skin was found to contain the highest content of total phenolic and anthocyanin and cane of Ghara Shani contains the highest amount of flavonoid. A remarkable DPPH radical scavenging activity up to 95% and consequently, the lowest IC50 was found for skin of Ghara Shani. According to RP-HPLC experiments, the highest concentration of phenolic compounds was identified as catechin (945 μg/g), epicatechin (482 μg/g), gallic acid (319 μg/g) and resveratrol (29.8 μg/g) in skin of Ghara Shani, quercetin in cane of Ghara Shani (956 μg/g), rutin in skin of Ghara Shira (298 μg/g) and caffeic acid in cane of Ghara Shira (17.4 μg/g). PMID:26776043

  1. A study on the effect of workaholism on human resource productivity: A case study of managers of East Azerbaijan Water and Waste Water Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Akbar Ahmadi

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available These days, work is considered as an integral part of the human life and many people spend significant amount of their time in different organizations and departments to earn income. Unlimited organizational pressures and demands facing people have made them allocate much of their time on working. Because of these pressures, people are becoming increasingly subject to workaholism. On the other hand, leaders and managers are trying to improve performance and activities of their respective organizations. Therefore, different concepts such as productivity are turned to the major subject of the management and organizational studies within the same organizations. Note that today changeable and competitive environment and the available limited resources and facilities have turned the concept of productivity into one the most important preoccupations of management within modern organizations. In view of the limited studies and information available in Iran on workaholism and its adverse consequences, the present research intends to investigate and identifies the impacts of workaholism components on human resource productivity. In the present, research the descriptive-survey research method is used and where statistical community includes 130 managers of the East Azerbaijan Water and Waste Company. Using the correlation coefficient and linear regression technique the research tries to investigate the relationships between the concepts of workaholism and human resource productivity and demonstrates how they are applied in above-mentioned community.

  2. SUFFIX OF -(yAn IN IRAN (AZERBAIJAN TURKISH DIALECTS İRAN (AZERBAYCAN TÜRK AĞIZLARINDA -(yAn EKİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Talip DOĞAN

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available -(GAn suffix has a wide function field by using it as a relative clause in both old and modern Turkish dialects and accents, as a adverbial clause within the morphological and lexical elements and as the formation of past tense.Today, as in the past, Iran is one of the regions that represents the south-west branch of Turkish and that Oghuz Turkish has been widely used. In this study, -(yAn suffix has been examined for the dialects in Azerbaijan region of Iran according to its usage characteristics and functions with a diachronic and simultaneous examination -(GAn ekinin, Türkçenin hem tarihî hem de modern lehçe ve ağızlarında sıfat-fiil, yanına aldığı bazı morfolojik ve leksik unsurlarla birlikte zarf-fiil ve geçmiş zaman kipi teşkilinde kullanılmak suretiyle geniş bir işlev sahasına sahip olduğu görülür.İran, tarihte olduğu gibi bugün de Türkçenin güney-batı kolunu temsil eden Oğuzcanın yaygın bir şekilde kullanıldığı bölgelerden biridir. Bu çalışmada -(yAn eki İran’ın Azerbaycan bölgesi ağızlarında, art ve eş zamanlı bir incelemeyle, kullanılma özellikleri ve taşıdığı işlevler açısından ele alınmıştır.

  3. Structural geometries and magnitude of shortening in the eastern Kura fold-thrust belt, Azerbaijan: Implications for the development of the Greater Caucasus Mountains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forte, Adam M.; Cowgill, Eric; Murtuzayev, Ibrahim; Kangarli, Talat; Stoica, Marius

    2013-06-01

    Greater Caucasus are the northernmost extent of the Arabia-Eurasia collision and are thought to represent the main locus of shortening within the central portion of the collision zone between 40° and 48°E. Recent work suggests that in detail, since the Plio-Pleistocene, much of the shortening in the eastern portion of the Caucasus system has been focused within the Kura fold-thrust belt along the southeastern margin of the Greater Caucasus. Here we present new field mapping and stratigraphic investigations of the eastern termination of the Kura fold-thrust belt in Azerbaijan to better constrain the structural geometries, magnitude of shortening, and initiation age for this portion of the fold-thrust belt. Our work suggests that this area of the fold-thrust belt exhibits significant along-strike variations in structural style and evolution and can effectively be divided into two distinct domains at ~48°E. The western domain is characterized by a subcritical median surface slope and isolated folds and thrusts propagating out of sequence, whereas the eastern domain is dominated by a single duplex structure and a history of in-sequence development in a critically tapered wedge. We hypothesize that these variations result from changes in relative rates of syn-tectonic sedimentation, erosion, and convergence velocity along strike. We find that within the western domain, the fold-thrust belt has accommodated ~12 km of total shortening. An unconformity within the western domain brackets the initiation age of this portion of the fold-thrust belt to between 1.8 and 0.88 Ma yielding permissible average shortening rates of between 6.7 and 13.6 mm/yr. Comparison of these average shortening rates to the geodetically measured shortening rate of 8 mm/yr indicates that since initiation, the fold-thrust belt has accommodated 83-100% of convergence between the Greater and Lesser Caucasus at this longitude.

  4. Incidence of Giardia lamblia Subspecies by PCR-RFLP in Stool Specimens of Hospitalized Children at Urmia Mutahhari Hospital, West Azerbaijan Province, Iran.

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    Khosro Hazrati Tappeh

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Giardia lamblia is one of the most prevalent intestinal flagellate protozoa that infects a wide range of vertebrate hosts causing severe intestinal disorder in children.This study was performed to determine subspecies of G.lamblia by the PCR-RFLP method, targeting the glutamate dehydrogenase(gdhlocus, in hospitalized children at Urmia Mutahhari Hospital, West Azerbaijan Province,Iran and determining the infection transformational storages in this area.Overall, 720 stool specimens were collected from the hospitalized children, 34 samples were positive and Giardia cysts were detected under the microscope. Cysts were partially purified by the sucrose density gradient method and then washed with sterile distilled water to remove effectively the PCR inhibitors. Genomic DNA of G. lamblia isolates was extracted by freeze-thaw cycles followed by phenol/ chloroform/isoamyl alcohol method. The single step PCR-RFLP assay was used to differentiate the assemblages between A and B, which were found in humans. In this method, 432 bp expected size was amplified, and then for detection of subspecies, specific restriction RsaI and BspLI enzymes were used.Totally 34 samples were positive in terms of Giardia cyst out of 720 examined samples microscopically, so the parasite spread rate is reported 4.72%. Analysis PCR-RFLP on these samples revealed that 28 samples (93.3% have the genotype BIII and 2 samples (6.7% belong to the subgroup BIV.PCR-RFLP is a proper analytical method for determining the genotype among parasite types, using the glutamate dehydrogenizes zone's genes. Based on the results, an animal origin of infection cycle is suggested.

  5. Development of three quantitative real-time PCR assays for the detection of Rickettsia raoultii, Rickettsia slovaca, and Rickettsia aeschlimannii and their validation with ticks from the country of Georgia and the Republic of Azerbaijan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Ju; You, Brian J; Liu, Evan; Apte, Anisha; Yarina, Tamasin R; Myers, Todd E; Lee, John S; Francesconi, Stephen C; O'Guinn, Monica L; Tsertsvadze, Nikoloz; Vephkhvadze, Nino; Babuadze, Giorgi; Sidamonidze, Ketevan; Kokhreidze, Maka; Donduashvili, Marina; Onashvili, Tinatin; Ismayilov, Afrail; Agayev, Nigar; Aliyev, Mubariz; Muttalibov, Nizam; Richards, Allen L

    2012-12-01

    A previous surveillance study of human pathogens within ticks collected in the country of Georgia showed a relatively high infection rate for Rickettsia raoultii, R. slovaca, and R. aeschlimannii. These 3 spotted fever group rickettsiae are human pathogens: R. raoultii and R. slovaca cause tick-borne lymphadenopathy (TIBOLA), and R. aeschlimannii causes an infection characterized by fever and maculopapular rash. Three quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) assays, Rraoul, Rslov, and Raesch were developed and optimized to detect R. raoultii, R. slovaca, and R. aeschlimannii, respectively, by targeting fragments of the outer membrane protein B gene (ompB) using species-specific molecular beacon or TaqMan probes. The 3 qPCR assays showed 100% specificity when tested against a rickettsiae DNA panel (n=20) and a bacteria DNA panel (n=12). The limit of detection was found to be at least 3 copies per reaction for all assays. Validation of the assays using previously investigated tick nucleic acid preparations, which included Rickettsia-free tick samples, tick samples that contain R. raoultii, R. slovaca, R. aeschlimannii, and other Rickettsia spp., gave 100% sensitivity for all 3 qPCR assays. In addition, a total of 65 tick nucleic acid preparations (representing 259 individual ticks) collected from the country of Georgia and the Republic of Azerbaijan in 2009 was tested using the 3 qPCR assays. R. raoultii, R. slovaca, and R. aeschlimannii were not detected in any ticks (n=31) from the Republic of Azerbaijan, but in the ticks from the country of Georgia (n=228) the minimal infection rate for R. raoultii and R. slovaca in Dermacentor marginatus was 10% and 4%, respectively, and for R. aeschlimannii in Haemaphysalis sulcata and Hyalomma spp. it was 1.9% and 20%, respectively.

  6. Application of ALD Images and Caliper Data for the breakout analysis from the wells which were drilled in the Caspian Sea of the Azerbaijan Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amirov, Elnur

    2016-04-01

    compressive strength of the rock. This can create the enlargement of the borehole with two failure zones opposite to each other with circumference at 180 degrees (for instance top side vs bottom side of the borehole or right side vs left side of the borehole). The image tracks for Rhob (density), Pe (photoelectric absorption) and Caliper can show the data such as edges of the track from the top, right, bottom and left sides of the hole (the center of the track is the bottom side of the borehole). Generally the color gradation (different spectrums) can be used in order to show the orientation change in the measurement around the wellbore. The azimuthal density, Pe, and Caliper data can be pointed and visualized as a log curves which can represent the average of all available data (an average of the top, right, bottom and left sides (or quadrants) or as 8 (RT) or 16 (RM) individual bins and as an ALD Image log. In addition, the Caliper data can give us information about the diameter and geometry of the borehole while drilling, trip in and trip out activities (for more detailed breakout analysis and interpretations). This paper (abstract) will present the results of a breakout analysis conducted from the wells which were drilled in the Caspian Sea of the Azerbaijan Republic in order to evaluate the available ALD images, caliper information and eventually incorporation of all available data into the wellbore stability monitoring service (breakout analysis).

  7. Dutch Disease and Azerbaijan Economy

    OpenAIRE

    Hasanov Fakhri

    2011-01-01

    The study analyzed whether there are any symptoms of Dutch Disease in Azerbaijani economy during 2001-2007by employing testable hypotheses while carefully checks alternative explanations of observed consequences. The study concluded that there has not been “absolute de-industrialization”, but observed “relative de-industrialization” in the non-oil tradable sector and substantial expansion in the non-tradable sector. Government expenditures have created the “spending effect” and this effect ha...

  8. Depositional cycles and Fe/Mn ratio in Upper Absheron substage succession in the western flank of the South Khazarian/Caspian depression of the Azerbaijan Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amirov, Elnur

    2016-04-01

    The Caspian Sea, the largest land locked basin in the world, isolated from ParaTethys at the end of Messinian. Since that time sedimentation there took place under conditions of isolated basin temporarily connected with Black Sea in Upper Pliocene (Akchagyl). For the first time very detailed study (centimeter scale) of outcrop was carried out for stratigraphy and paleoecology of the Upper absheron substage deposits cropped out in the Western flank of the South Caspian depression (Shikhovo exposure) of the Azerbaijan Republic. The data obtained demonstrated the high-frequency cyclicity in sedimentation accompanied by rapid lateral and vertical depositional environment change. Most of these system tracts have not yet been studied in detail. The depositional setting during accumulation of this succession has changed within shore face-shelf environment. On the background of these cycles, the depositional series of a higher order containing sediments deposited during very small-scale sea level fall and rise occur. Some information contained in this document is the new data, due to more recent observations and interpretations. The results of the field works on exposures of the Eopleistocene deposits exposed in the Western flank of the South Caspian depression (Shikhovo outcrop) demonstrated the high-frequency cyclicity in sedimentation. It is possible to observe several full depositional sequences developed from transgressive system tract to low stand system tract, to high stand system tract and return to sedimentation under conditions of sea level rise. The studied successions are characterized by steep foresets, about 12°, which is evidence of steep slope existed during the sediment accumulation. On the background of above mentioned cycles, the depositional series of a higher order containing sediments formed during very small-scale sea level fall and rise occur. Below we give the lithofacial characteristics of one full depositional cycle and our interpretation of

  9. Spectral and informational analysis of seismicity: An application to the 1996-2012 seismicity of the Northern Caucasus-Azerbaijan part of the greater Caucasus-Kopet Dag region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Telesca, Luciano; Lovallo, Michele; Babayev, Gulam; Kadirov, Fakhraddin

    2013-12-01

    The time series analysis of seismic sequences needs proper methodologies that allow us to capture the main features of the time dynamics of earthquakes. Among these features, the identification of periodicities along with the quantification of their intensity represents an important task, concerning the detection of regular dynamical behaviours, with clear implications for earthquake prediction. In the present study, we applied three different methods to investigate the time dynamics of the seismic activity of the Northern Caucasus-Azerbaijan part of the Greater Caucasus-Kopet Dag region. We analysed the monthly number of earthquakes which occurred between 1996 and 2012 by means of: (i) the robust estimation of the periodogram, (ii) the singular spectrum analysis (SSA), and (iii) the Fisher-Shannon method. Two main significant periodicities are detected: 102 months and 20 months. The first corresponds actually to the long-term variation of the monthly seismic activity of the area, while the second represents the more intense cyclic component. Periodicities of 7 and 30 months are also identified, but with a lower intensity than the 20-month periodicity. The Fisher-Shannon method has revealed that the long-term variation of the series is also characterized by higher organization and lower degree of disorder. The present study shows how the application of methods from statistical mechanics could contribute to unveil dynamical features in seismicity.

  10. [Character of changes of the level of serotonin-modulating anticonsolidation protein and of cytochrome P-450 in tissues of the eastern alburnoid Alburnoides bipunctatus eichwaldi from rivers of Azerbaijan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mustafayev, M J; Mekhtiev, A A

    2014-01-01

    The paper deals with study by the method of solid-phase indirect immunoenzyme analysis of levels of the novel serotonin-modulated anticonsolidation protein (SMAP) that is directly correlated with serotonin level as well as of biomarker cytochrome P-450 in the liver, gills, and brain of the eastern alburnoid (Alburnoides bipunctatus eichwaldi) caught in the rivers Khudat, Akstafachai, Kura, and Araks flowing at the territory of Azerbaijan. There was revealed a marked downregulation of cytochrome P-450 and SMAP in the liver and gills of the fish caught in the Akstafachai River relatively to values in the fish from the Khudat River not contaminated with pollutants. In the liver and gills in the fish from the Kura and Araks rivers, a significant differently directed changes of the cytochrome P-450 and SMAP levels were observed: downregulations of the cytochrome P-450 versus an upregulation of SMAP. In the brain of the fish from the River Akstafachai there was observed some downregulation of cytochrome P-450, whereas in fish from the Kura and Araks rivers--a significant upregulation of the SMAP level. The obtained results are analyzed from standpoint of processes of adaptation and disadaptation of aquatic organisms to impact of pollutants. PMID:25775852

  11. Depositional cycles and Fe/Mn ratio in Upper Absheron substage succession in the western flank of the South Khazarian/Caspian depression of the Azerbaijan Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amirov, Elnur

    2016-04-01

    The Caspian Sea, the largest land locked basin in the world, isolated from ParaTethys at the end of Messinian. Since that time sedimentation there took place under conditions of isolated basin temporarily connected with Black Sea in Upper Pliocene (Akchagyl). For the first time very detailed study (centimeter scale) of outcrop was carried out for stratigraphy and paleoecology of the Upper absheron substage deposits cropped out in the Western flank of the South Caspian depression (Shikhovo exposure) of the Azerbaijan Republic. The data obtained demonstrated the high-frequency cyclicity in sedimentation accompanied by rapid lateral and vertical depositional environment change. Most of these system tracts have not yet been studied in detail. The depositional setting during accumulation of this succession has changed within shore face-shelf environment. On the background of these cycles, the depositional series of a higher order containing sediments deposited during very small-scale sea level fall and rise occur. Some information contained in this document is the new data, due to more recent observations and interpretations. The results of the field works on exposures of the Eopleistocene deposits exposed in the Western flank of the South Caspian depression (Shikhovo outcrop) demonstrated the high-frequency cyclicity in sedimentation. It is possible to observe several full depositional sequences developed from transgressive system tract to low stand system tract, to high stand system tract and return to sedimentation under conditions of sea level rise. The studied successions are characterized by steep foresets, about 12°, which is evidence of steep slope existed during the sediment accumulation. On the background of above mentioned cycles, the depositional series of a higher order containing sediments formed during very small-scale sea level fall and rise occur. Below we give the lithofacial characteristics of one full depositional cycle and our interpretation of

  12. Application of Formation Testing While Drilling (GeoTap) for acquiring formation pressure data from the Azeri, Chirag and Guneshli wells which were drilled in the Khazarian-Caspian Sea of the Azerbaijan Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amirov, Elnur

    2016-04-01

    A new technology to acquire wireline quality pressure tests using a Logging While Drilling approach has been successfully implemented few years ago in Azeri, Chirag and Guneshli wells which were drilled in the Khazarian-Caspian Sea of the Azerbaijan Republic. The Formation Tester While Drilling tool (GeoTap) uses a testing sequence similar to wireline tools. A single probe is extended to the borehole wall and a small pretest volume withdrawn from the formation. The resulting pressure transient is then analyzed for formation pressure, formation permeability and mobility information. Up-link and down-link capabilities have been added to achieve test control and quality feedback. An efficient downlink algorithm is used downhole to analyze the data. The parameters and pressure data are transmitted to the surface in real-time for continuous monitoring of the test. More detailed pressure data is recorded and retrieved after returning to surface. Use of a quartz gauge allows excellent accuracy. Azeri, Chirag and Guneshli fields consist of layered sand reservoirs alternation with shale sequences and detailed pressure data is acquired on a high percentage of wells in order to understand lateral and vertical continuity of different flow units. The formation tester can be utilized with the 'triple combo' Logging While Drilling string which eliminates the need to rig up wireline on many wells. Wireline formation tester runs are time consuming - particularly if high deviation or high overbalance conditions are encountered requiring pipe conveyed techniques. Non-Productive Time is high when the wireline tools are stuck and fishing operations are required. The Sperry Drilling GeoTap formation pressure tester service provides real-time formation pressure measurements. It bridges the critical gap between drilling safety and optimization, by providing early and reliable measurements of key reservoir properties, while improving reservoir understanding and completion design in real

  13. Application of Formation Testing While Drilling (GeoTap) for acquiring formation pressure data from the Azeri, Chirag and Guneshli wells which were drilled in the Khazarian-Caspian Sea of the Azerbaijan Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amirov, Elnur

    2016-04-01

    A new technology to acquire wireline quality pressure tests using a Logging While Drilling approach has been successfully implemented few years ago in Azeri, Chirag and Guneshli wells which were drilled in the Khazarian-Caspian Sea of the Azerbaijan Republic. The Formation Tester While Drilling tool (GeoTap) uses a testing sequence similar to wireline tools. A single probe is extended to the borehole wall and a small pretest volume withdrawn from the formation. The resulting pressure transient is then analyzed for formation pressure, formation permeability and mobility information. Up-link and down-link capabilities have been added to achieve test control and quality feedback. An efficient downlink algorithm is used downhole to analyze the data. The parameters and pressure data are transmitted to the surface in real-time for continuous monitoring of the test. More detailed pressure data is recorded and retrieved after returning to surface. Use of a quartz gauge allows excellent accuracy. Azeri, Chirag and Guneshli fields consist of layered sand reservoirs alternation with shale sequences and detailed pressure data is acquired on a high percentage of wells in order to understand lateral and vertical continuity of different flow units. The formation tester can be utilized with the 'triple combo' Logging While Drilling string which eliminates the need to rig up wireline on many wells. Wireline formation tester runs are time consuming - particularly if high deviation or high overbalance conditions are encountered requiring pipe conveyed techniques. Non-Productive Time is high when the wireline tools are stuck and fishing operations are required. The Sperry Drilling GeoTap formation pressure tester service provides real-time formation pressure measurements. It bridges the critical gap between drilling safety and optimization, by providing early and reliable measurements of key reservoir properties, while improving reservoir understanding and completion design in real

  14. Azerbaycan Türkçesi İle Doğu Anadolu Ağızlarındaki Ortaklıklar Üzerine On The Common Traits Of The Azerbaijan Turkish And The Eastern Anatolia Dialects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Engin GÖKÇÜR

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available We call Oghuz Turkish spoken from Central Asia to Baghdad, the capital of the Abbasid Empire, since 11th century, as the Western Turkic. This period is divided into two branches in time. One of them is the Eastern Oghuz branch covering Eastern Anatolia and Azerbaijani and the other one is the Western Oghuz branch covering Ottoman field. The Eastern Oghuz branch covering Eastern Anatolia and Azerbaijani, and the Western Oghuz branch covering Ottoman field are represented by a single written language named as “Western Turkish” till 16thCentury. Azerbaijan and the Ottoman writing languages separated fromeach other in the 16th century as a result of the fact that the Azerbaijanterritory was dominated by Karakoyunlu and Akkoyunlu in the 15thCentury and Safavid Empire in the 16th century. For that reason,Western Turkic reaches the present day from the 16th century with twowriting languages including some phonetic and morphologic differences.Although the East Anatolian dialects have been in the Western Oghuzbranch, they still have the traits of the Eastern Oghuz branch in termsof phonetics and morphology.In studies of language products in the provinces of EasternAnatolia it is seen that the dialects of the region are in the domain ofAzerbaijan Turkish. So in this article, the studies of the dialects of theEastern Anatolia Region (Erzurum, Elazığ, Erzincan, Kars, Iğdır,Ardahan, Muş, Bitlis ve Van are examined; and the phonetic andmorphological similarities of this studies with Azerbaijani Turkic areidentified. 11. yüzyıldan itibaren Orta Asya’dan Abbasi Devleti'nin başkenti Bağdat’a kadar olan bölgede konuşulan Oğuz Türkçesine Batı Türkçesi denilmektedir. Bu dönem zamanla iki kola ayrılmıştır. Bunlardan biri Azerbaycan ve Doğu Anadolu sahasını içine alan Doğu Oğuz kolu, diğeri Osmanlı sahasını içine alan Batı Oğuz koludur. Azerbaycan ve Doğu Anadolu sahasının içinde bulunduğu Doğu Oğuz kolu ile Osmanl

  15. A systematic catalogue of butterflies of the former Soviet Union (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lituania, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan) with special account to their type specimens (Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea, Papilionoidea).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korb, Stanislav K; Bolshakov, Lavr V

    2016-01-01

    A catalogue of butterflies of Russia and adjacent countries is given, with special account to the name-bearing types depository. This catalogue contains data about 86 species (3 of them are questionable) of Hesperiidae (22 genera); 47 species of Papilionidae (14 genera); 89 species of Pieridae (5 of them are questionable)  (15 genera); 1 species (1 genus) of Libytheinae(dae); 2 species of Danainae(dae) (2 genera); 160 species of Nymphalinae(dae) (1 of them is questionable) (23 genera); 259 species of Satyrinae(dae) (14 of them are questionable, mainly from genera Oeneis and Pseudochazara) (34 genera); 3 species of Riodinidae (2 genera); 318 species of Lycaenidae (11 of them are questionable, mainly from genera Neolycaena and Plebeius) (57 genera). In total: 965 species of butterflies, 174 genera, by countries: Armenia-244, Azerbaijan-225, Belarus-107, Estonia-113, Georgia-211, Kyrgyzstan-316, Kazakhstan-344, Latvia-115, Lituania-126, Moldova-87, Russia-522, Tajikistan-295, Turkmenistan-159, Ukraine-192, Uzbekistan-241. Detailed distribution and subspecific structure (if present) for every species is provided. Lectotypes of the following species-group taxa are designated: Hesperia poggei Lederer, 1858, Parnassius felderi Bremer, 1861, P. eversmanni Eversmann, 1851, P. boedromius Püngeler, 1901, Limenitis moltrechti Kardakov, 1928, L. sydyi Kindermann, 1853, L. amphyssa Ménétriès, 1859, L. doerriesi Staudinger, 1892, L. helmanni duplicata Staudinger, 1892, L. homeyeri Tancré, 1881, Argynnis penelope Staudinger, 1891, A. thore borealis Staudinger, 1861, Vanessa io geisha Stichel, [1908], Melitaea maturna staudingeri Wnukowsky, 1929 (=uralensis Staudinger, 1871), M. didymina Staudinger, 1895, Papilio fascelis Esper, 1783, Thecla quercivora Staudinger, 1887, Lycaena orion var. ornata Staudinger, 1892. The following nomenclatural acts are established: Neolycaena submontana baitenovi (Zhdanko, 2011), comb. et stat.n. The following new synonymy is provided: Hesperia

  16. Real Exchange Rate Misalignment in Azerbaijan

    OpenAIRE

    Hasanov, Fakhri; Huseynov, Fariz

    2009-01-01

    By using quarterly data from 2001-2007 and applying various approaches, we estimate real equilibrium exchange rate misalignment for Azerbaijani Manat (AZN) and find that AZN is slightly overvalued. Purchasing power parity approach does not explain the equilibrium exchange rate. However using behavioral and permanent equilibrium exchange rate approaches, we find that the relative productivity, terms of trade, trade openness, net foreign assets, government expenditures and oil prices are the ma...

  17. Assessment of environmental health in the 2012 East Azerbaijan earthquake

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farin Fatemi

    2013-09-01

    Material and Methods: Through multi-stages stratified sampling, we selected 8 and 4 villages from the earthquake zones of Heris and Varzaghan respectively. The collecting data tools in this research were the WHO checklist in 7 categories, 14 subcategories, and 37 environmental health activities and also the minimum standards of Sphere Project checklist. The status of environmental health in each village was assessed using the mentioned checklists. This study was carried out with attendance of research team in earthquake zones 21 days after the occurrence of earthquake. Results: Among the 37 environmental health activities, 7 activities were the joint ones, which Environmental Health Department had to carry it out with the coordination of other related organizations. In other words, the environmental health has the supervising role in these activities. Totally, such activities had more nonconformities compared with the activities in which environmental health was administered as the main responder. The details of results have been expressed in the full text. Conclusion: Providing intra-sector coordination, prioritizing the needs of the affected population and considering the principles of community based management in the natural disaster are proposed as the recommendations of this study.

  18. How does Azerbaijan exploit its Natural Resource Revenues?

    OpenAIRE

    Allahverdiyev, Rashad

    2015-01-01

    Resource management has been an important area of development economics for the last few decades as, a growing number of countries to large extent have relied on natural resource rent. These resources, namely, oil and later gas have been the major growth factor of the Azerbaijani economy since the sign of the country s first biggest oil contract in 1994. Significant revenue flow led to remarkable growth rate in mid 2000s but also causing contractions in the non-oil sector. Although the share ...

  19. Ecological evaluation of rangeland quality in dry subtropics of Azerbaijan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasanova, A. F.

    2014-12-01

    The results of ecological evaluation of soil-landscape complexes of winter rangelands of Gobustan with the use of energy criteria are discussed. The diagnostic characteristics of soil fertility and correction coefficients for the thickness of texture of soil horizons, soil salinization, soil erosion, and microelemental composition of soils have been used to separate the soils of winter rangelands into several quality groups. A larger part of the soils belongs to the medium quality group with the mean weighted quality factor (bonitet) of 52. Special assessment scales have been suggested for the differential ecological assessment and monitoring of the rangelands. In the past 40 years, the area of steppe landscapes has decreased from 22.7 to 12%, whereas the area of semideserts has increased up to 64%. The area of best-quality soils within the studied rangelands had decreased by three times, and their average quality factor has decreased from 92 to 86.

  20. Testing the Rentier State Theory: The Case of Azerbaijan

    OpenAIRE

    Alper Almaz

    2015-01-01

    This article shall focus on the political aspects of the resource curse theory, in particular the rentier state theory as a sub-theory of the resource curse. The rentier state is a political economy theory that seeks to account for state society relations in states that get most of their revenues, in the form of rents, from resource sector. Besides, the theory asserts that these rents have an effect on democracy, economic growth and security matters of the resource rich countries. Applying th...

  1. Etiology of Short Stature in East Azerbaijan, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alireza Nikzad

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Short stature is a common problem encountered by pediatricians and is the most common cause for referral to pediatric endocrinologists. Although most children referred with short stature are normal and classified as normal variants of stature (constitutional growth delay and familial short stature, it may sometimes be the only obvious manifestation of an endocrine or systemic disease. The objective of this study was to assess the characteristics of patients referred to pediatric endocrinology clinic because of short stature and determination of the etiology.Methods: Three hundred-seventy nine children and adolescents were studied which referred with short stature to pediatric endocrinology clinic. After complete clinical and paraclinical evaluation and appropriate treatment (if needed, patients were followed for at least six months.Findings: From 379 studied patients with a mean age of 9.7±3.7 years, 192 (50.7% were girls and 187 (49.3% boys (P=0.066; short stature in 132 (34.8% of patients was not approved. Normal variants of Short stature (familial and constitutional constituted 53.3% of etiology in short patients. In 11.5% of short patients, no obvious etiology was found, and 9.8% were born with intra uterine growth retardation. Other causes were growth hormone deficiency, hypothyroidism, skeletal dysphasia, Turner syndrome, and malnutrition.Conclusion: A great number of children and adolescents referred with short stature to pediatric endocrinology clinics are not really short. Greater than half of short patients are normal variants of Short stature.

  2. The impact of real oil price on real effective exchange rate: The case of Azerbaijan

    OpenAIRE

    Hasanov, Fakhri

    2010-01-01

    Using quarterly data from 2000-2007 and applying Error Correction Model and Johansen Co- integration Approaches I estimate the impact of real oil price on the real exchange rate of Azerbaijani manat. Estimation outputs derived from these approaches are very close to each other and indicate that real oil price has statistically significant positive impact on real exchange rate in the long-run. Besides, revealed that relative price as a proxy for productivity has also explana...

  3. Analyzing price level in a booming economy: the case of Azerbaijan

    OpenAIRE

    Hasanov, Fakhri

    2011-01-01

    The study analyzes price level in Azerbaijani economy over the period of 2000-2007 by employing a specific approach. The paper concludes that price increases caused by a resource boom differs from the price increases generated by a non-booming economy. Thereby, inflation mainly caused by resource boom has its own specific features in terms of impact on economy and therefore requires specific policy response. Some policy recommendations related to monetary and fiscal policies are suggested for...

  4. AZERBAIJAN FINANCIAL AND BANKING SYSTEM DURING THE GLOBAL CRISIS: SHIFT OF EMPHASIS IN INTERNATIONAL COMPARATIVE ASSESSMENTS

    OpenAIRE

    Hajiyev, Shamseddin; Murshudli, Fakhri

    2009-01-01

    The creation of a robust, innovative financial and banking system capable of meeting the needs of society is among the strategic tasks of the republic's economic policy aimed at ensuring the national sovereignty of this system as the country integrates into the global market. A sound financial system and increasing competitiveness of the banking sector are effective factors of sustainable economic growth making it possible to survive the global financial and economic collapse with relatively ...

  5. A case report of leptospira grippotyphosa in the Azerbaijan buffalo in Iran

    OpenAIRE

    G.H. Mousavi; A. Hassanpour

    2010-01-01

    Leptospirosis is an infectious disease of all species. In cows and buffalos cause abortion and haemolytic anaemia with an interstitial nephritis. On april 2003 a 6 years old female buffalo (azarbijan black buffalo) was observed in large animal clinic of tabriz azad university. In this case the clinical findings were: fever (39.1), depression, anorexia, decrease of milk production, anaemia , jaundice, haemoglobinuria, heart rate 82 per minute and respiratory rate 18 per minute. Kidnay, in rect...

  6. A case report of leptospira grippotyphosa in the Azerbaijan buffalo in Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.H. Mousavi

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Leptospirosis is an infectious disease of all species. In cows and buffalos cause abortion and haemolytic anaemia with an interstitial nephritis. On april 2003 a 6 years old female buffalo (azarbijan black buffalo was observed in large animal clinic of tabriz azad university. In this case the clinical findings were: fever (39.1, depression, anorexia, decrease of milk production, anaemia , jaundice, haemoglobinuria, heart rate 82 per minute and respiratory rate 18 per minute. Kidnay, in rectal examination detected neutrophilia and leukocytosis. Total plasma protein and fibrinogen were 6.8 g/dl and 600 mg/dl respectivly. In urine examination was observed haemoglobinuria and proteinuria with increase of leukocytes. The leptospira was seen in urine by darkfeild microscope and microscopic agglotination test (MAT detected serovar of leptospira grippotyphosa with titre of 400. Treatment was recommended with 20000 Iu/kg penicillin G procaine , 20 mg/ kg dihydrostreptomycin and vitamin B12 every day and vitamin AD3E ingected single dose. In period of treatment this case monitored every day. The care was taken gradually, so that, haemoglobinuria was eliminated in four days and heamatologic station was returned to normal in eight days. Treatment was continued three days after care. The MAT titre was 100 after five mouths.

  7. SATIETY DISEASES"(REDRESSING THE BALANCE BETWEEN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT IN AZERBAIJAN)

    OpenAIRE

    Muzaffarli, Nazim

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, sustainable economic development has been an increasingly higher priority for all, both well and less developed, states. The global economic crisis that broke out in 2008 showed that the steadily high growth rates demonstrated by many countries throughout the pre-crisis years, even giving some of them the honorary titles like, for instance, "Celtic tiger," in actual fact do not always testify to sustainable development. There are economic and social "diseases" that can disrup...

  8. Gliadin and glutenin polymorphism in durum wheat landraces and breeding varieties of Azerbaijan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sadigov-Baykishi Hamlet

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Durum wheat genotypes including 7 landraces and 17 breeding varieties were studied. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis under acidic conditions of pH 3.1 was used to study gliadin and glutenin polymorphisms. In total, 32 gliadin and 8 high molecular weight glutenin alleles were identified. The contribution of B genome (58.5% to the allelic variation of durum wheat varieties was higher than of A genome. The cluster analysis delineated genotypes into four main clusters. According to cluster analysis, legitimacy identifying the distribution of botanical varieties through the tree was observed. The study confirms the suitability of biochemical markers for cultivar identification and genetic relation study in durum wheat genotypes.

  9. Genetic diversity in walnut (Juglans regia) from the caucasus nation of Azerbaijan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Analysis of genetic structure and differentiation using 12 microsatellite loci of six walnut populations, three each from the Greater Caucasus and the Talysh, revealed a moderate range of variation. The observed number of alleles ranged from 2 to 11 alleles with a mean of 5.6 alleles per locus. The ...

  10. Main types of soil degradation in the Kura-Aras Lowland of Azerbaijan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babaev, M. P.; Gurbanov, E. A.; Ramazanova, F. M.

    2015-04-01

    The main types of soil degradation in the Kura-Aras Lowland are irrigation-induced erosion, natural water and wind erosion, and salinization. Among 2098.8 thousand ha of agricultural land in the lowland, the areas of lands subjected to erosion and salinization reach 333.6 and 373.4 thousand ha, respectively. The dependence of irrigation-induced erosion on the soil type (sierozems, meadow sierozems, and gray-cinnamonic soils), the inclination of the irrigation furrows, the irrigation water salinity (0.15-0.95 g/L), and the water discharge (0.8-1.4 L/s) was studied. It was found that soil erosion and salinization result in changes in the soil bulk density and porosity and in a decreasing content of humus and nutrients. Certain changes take place in the soil texture. The land areas subjected to rainstorm erosion of strong, moderate, and low degrees are estimated at 57.7, 24.4, and 15.3 thousand ha, respectively. Measures to control soil erosion and salinization are discussed.

  11. The Role of Tusi-Bohm Planetarium in Astronomy Outreach in Azerbaijan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mustafa, Famil

    2015-08-01

    Tusi-Bohm Planetarium was built in 2010 by businessman and amateur astronomer Tahir Gozal. Lectures on various fields of astronomy are offered in Planetarium. Each year, school pupils takes an active place on activities such as, International Day of Planetarium, Sun-Earth Day, Yuri's Night, World Space Week, Global Astronomy Month, and etc., organized by the Planetarium. School pupils and students are often meet astronomers at the Planetarium and during the meetings, astronomers provides detailed information about telescopes, space and astronomy. During special nights which organized by Planetarium and amateur astronomers visitors can observe sky with telescopes. All above mentioned activities are widely spreading on the media. As a result of these association, schools have already bought their own telescopes and started their study groups at school.

  12. Estimation of deepwater temperature and hydrogeochemistry of springs in the Takab geothermal field, West Azerbaijan, Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharifi, Reza; Moore, Farid; Mohammadi, Zargham; Keshavarzi, Behnam

    2016-01-01

    Chemical analyses of water samples from 19 hot and cold springs are used to characterize Takab geothermal field, west of Iran. The springs are divided into two main groups based on temperature, host rock, total dissolved solids (TDS), and major and minor elements. TDS, electrical conductivity (EC), Cl(-), and SO4 (2-) concentrations of hot springs are all higher than in cold springs. Higher TDS in hot springs probably reflect longer circulation and residence time. The high Si, B, and Sr contents in thermal waters are probably the result of extended water-rock interaction and reflect flow paths and residence time. Binary, ternary, and Giggenbach diagrams were used to understand the deeper mixing conditions and locations of springs in the model system. It is believed that the springs are heated either by mixing of deep geothermal fluid with cold groundwater or low conductive heat flow. Mixing ratios are evaluated using Cl, Na, and B concentrations and a mass balance approach. Calculated quartz and chalcedony geothermometer give lower reservoir temperatures than cation geothermometers. The silica-enthalpy mixing model predicts a subsurface reservoir temperature between 62 and 90 °C. The δ(18)O and δD (δ(2)H) are used to trace and determine the origin and movement of water. Both hot and cold waters plot close to the local meteoric line, indicating local meteoric origin. PMID:26733417

  13. Coercion or Compulsion?: Rationales behind Informal Payments for Education in Azerbaijan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lepisto, Eric; Kazimzade, Elmina

    2009-01-01

    Although informal payments are necessary for education systems in many countries, they prohibit education accessibility and equity in Eastern Europe and neighboring states. Exploring the rationales and the relationships is a promising approach for understanding corruption in education and ensuring educational equity. In this article, rationales…

  14. Geomorphological analysis of the drainage system on the active convergent system in Azerbaijan, NW Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaveh Firouz, Amaneh; Burg, Jean-Pierre; Giachetta, Emanuele

    2016-04-01

    Rivers are important landforms to reconstruct recent tectonic history because they are sensitive to surface movements, especially uplift and tilting. The most important drainage basins of NW Iran are, from north to south, the Arax River, the Urmia Lake and the Ghezel Ozan River catchment. The morphology of the two adjacent catchments draining into the Caspian Sea, the Arax and Ghezel Ozan were studied to better understand the active tectonics and the effect of fault activity on morphology and erosion rate of NW Iran. We performed a quantitative analysis of channel steepness and concavity, from slope-area plots calculated from digital elevation model. This information has been combined with GPS velocity vectors and seismicity. Both catchments developed under uniform climate conditions. Results show that the two rivers are in morphological disequilibrium; they exhibit profiles with prominent convexities and knickpoints. The Arax River shows higher channel steepness and concavity index in downstream part of the profile. Distribution of knickpoints show scattered elevation between 700m and 3000m. GPS rates display shortening 10 ± 2 mma‑1 and 14 ± 2 mma‑1 in upstream and downstream, respectively. The river profiles of Ghezel Ozan River and its tributaries reveal more disequilibrium downstream where channel steepness and concavity index are higher than upstream. Most knickpoints occur between 1000m and 2000m. The amount of shortening by GPS measurement changes from upstream 13 ± 2 mma‑1to downstream 14 ± 2 mma‑1. Recorded earthquakes, such as Rudbar earthquake (Mw=7.3, 1990), are more frequent downstream. The Urmia Lake is surrounded by many small and large catchments. Only major catchments were considered for the analysis. One of the most active faults, the north Tabriz fault, corresponds to a major knickpoints on the Talkhe rud River. Concordance between river profile analysis, GPS and seismotectonic records suggests that the characteristics of the river profiles are related to active fault systems.

  15. Paleo and Modern Stress Regimes of Central North Tabriz Fault, Eastern Azerbaijan Province, NW Iran

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    A Yousefi-Bavil; M Moayyed

    2015-01-01

    The North Tabriz fault is a segmented dextral fault in Northwest Iran, with a his-tory of major destructive earthquakes that have repeatedly destroyed the city of Tabriz (current population 1.6 million). The quiescence of the fault (last major temblor in 1854) and a lack of outcrop study have hampered stress analysis. Resolution of the stress states on the fault could be used for seismotectonic study along the North Tabriz fault and for understanding the geody-namics of the Arabia-Eurasia collision zone. Using fault-slip data collected from 88 localities in the fault system, we conducted an inversion analysis of this fault-slip data and analysis of the stratigraphic, geometric, and structural information. As a result, we confirmed that transcur-rent deformation is prevalent on the North Tabriz fault and adjacent areas and is generally ac-complished by predominant NW-SE-trending dextral and NE-SW-trending sinistral faults. Spe-cifically, three separate tectonic episodes are recognised from the stress inversion data, consis-tent with the geologic data: (i) a post-Cretaceous and pre-Early Miocene compressional (Laramian) stress regime, (ii) an Early Miocene extensional stress regime, and (iii) modern tec-tonic episode with different local stress regimes (compressional and extensional) along the dif-ferent segments of this fault.

  16. The Caucasian Triangle (Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia – Tourism Development and Threats to General and Distinctive Interests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nino Roistomashvili

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The Caucasus triangle is one of the most interesting regions in the world firstly, with its geo-political location and also being a part of post-social space. These involve a number of factors determining existence and development of these three states. The world order today from economic and political point of view require readiness from certain states for establishing themselves in this big space. It especially concerns developing and semi-developed countries and the countries having less experience of being a state, which in fact are in the process of creating the institutes which will determine their independence and co-existence with the democratic world having more experience in this respect.Study on the Caucasus triangle arises great interest. The actuality of this issue is also determined by the political and economic dynamic changes taking place inside these states (evolution of Soviet space. Their political choice is determined by the less-stable environment and weakness of state, political partners and political and economic interests generally and towards one another. Unpredictable situation within the triangle is more important as it is a live process with new and changeable threats. For this reason it is very interesting for the scientists to study the development of this kind of countries. Ambition of these countries to establish themselves in the field of tourism is very important for us and that is why it is necessary to follow the process in dynamics, analyze and evaluate their development in this respect.

  17. "How to" of fiscal sustainability in oil-rich countries: the case of Azerbaijan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L. Bandiera; N. Budina; S. van Wijnbergen

    2008-01-01

    Assessing fiscal sustainability - i.e. considering whether or not a country can maintain its current fiscal policies without running into solvency problems and possible default - requires projections on a government’s future revenue stream, expenditures and contingent liabilities within a macroecono

  18. Prevalence of Oral Human Papilloma Virus in Healthy Individuals in East Azerbaijan Province of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharareh Seifi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Human papilloma virus causes benign and malignant abnormalities in different part of the body. The link between high risk types of HPV and some anogenital and aerodigestive tract cancer is well established. Oral HPV infection plays a role in developing oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. We studied the prevalence of oral HPV in healthy individuals and its relative risk factors.Methods: Saliva samples of 114 healthy subjects were collected for HPV DNA analysis. Volunteers completed questionnaires and signed a written consent. For data analysis descriptive statistic, chi square test and odds ratio was used.Results: The frequency of oral HPV in healthy individuals was 6.1 %( seven participant.The most frequent type was HPV-18 in five of them.HPV-6 and HPV-66 each was detected in one case. Relation of oral HPV positivity to demographic features and risk factors was not statistically significant.Conclusions: The prevalence of oral HPV infection in our community is the same as many other communities of developing countries, stressing that HPV-18 were the dominant type.

  19. The Study of the Components of Urban Social Capital in Central Cities of East Azerbaijan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Reza Ostad Rahimi; Nader Zali

    2013-01-01

    Intordoction Nowadays social capital is disscussed along with human resorces and economic -financial capital. This concept of capital considers the communications between members of the network as a valuable resource which couse individual and collective objective to be realized using norms and mutual trust. Social capital is considered suitable way for increasing productivity of human resources and achieving success. (Knach, 1996, 1260).Social capital is a multidimensional concept which ...

  20. Students are the major source for proliferation of corruption in higher education in Azerbaijan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Volodymyr V. Gulyk

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The soviet era brought various diseases to fifteen different countries, but corruption is oneof the most dangerous. The aim of the studies described here was to explore student’sopinion and their behavior as a main reason of proliferation of corruption. The author of thearticle conducted interviews and broadcasted the questionnaire among the students withindifferent background. The results proved that there is significant amount of students, whoregularly pay bribes, because they do not study well, or at all.

  1. Elite perceptions of ethical problems facing the Western oil industry in Azerbaijan

    OpenAIRE

    HERADSTVEIT, Daniel

    2000-01-01

    This is a study of the Azerbaijani political elite’s perceptions of Western oil companies and their contribution to – or hindrance of – the development of democracy and human rights. Twenty oppositional figures, including most of the party leaders and presidential candidates, plus some media, NGO and academic personalities, were subjected to an in-depth interview. There was a consensus that the Western oil industry was at best irrelevant and at worst inimical to the cause of democracy and hum...

  2. Identification of Lactobacillus species isolated from traditional cheeses of west Azerbaijan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Ehsani

    2014-06-01

    Results: In present study, from a total of 118 isolates of lactobacilli were determined. Lactobacillus plantarum (24%, Lactobacillus casei (20% and Lactobacillus agillis (18% from facultative heterofermentative Lactobacilli and Lactobacillus delbrueckii (21%, Lactobacillus helveticus (14% and Lactobacillus salvariu s (3% from obligative homofermentative Lactobacilli were found to be more dominant species.Conclusions: So for achievement to organoleptic characteristics of traditional cheeses in industrial productions, mixed starters including dominant Lactobacillus species identified in cheeses can be employed.

  3. Viewpoints of fertile women on gestational surrogacy in East Azerbaijan Province, Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahmani, Azad; Howard, Fuchsia; Sattarzadeh, Nilofar; Ferguson, Caleb; Asgari, Afsaneh; Ebrahimi, Hossein

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this descriptive, cross-sectional study was to investigate the viewpoint of fertile Iranian women on gestational surrogacy. A convenience sample of 230 fertile women was invited to participate in the study and 185 consented. Data were collected via a 22-item scale that assessed the viewpoints of the participants in five domains related to gestational surrogacy. The viewpoints reported by the women were positive. However, a significant percentage of them believed that commissioning couples are not the biological owners of the baby, religious barriers need to be overcome prior to legal barriers, children born through surrogacy may face emotional issues, and the adoption of children may be a better option than surrogacy. The negative views of the women on some key aspects make it clear that public education is needed to increase the acceptability of gestational surrogacy. PMID:24509106

  4. CHILDHOOD GUILLIAN-BARRE SYNDROME IN THE IRAN’S EAST AZERBAIJAN PROVINCE: 2001-2005

    OpenAIRE

    M. Barzegar; S. Davari Farid; Dastgiri, S.; Malekian, A; V. Toopchizadeh

    2008-01-01

     ObjectiveThis study aims at determining the epidemiologic, presenting symptoms, clinical course and electrophysiologic features of childhood Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS) in the East Azarbaijan province over a period of five years.Materials & Methods All the patients, aged< 15 years, referred/admitted to Tabriz Children Hospital with GBS between January 2001 and December 2005 were investigated.ResultsOne hundred and twelve subjects were enrolled during this period. The average annual inciden...

  5. Interpreting lineaments in the southern slope of the greater Caucasus (within the Azerbaijan SSR)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Budagov, B.A.; Aliyev, A.S.; Mikailov, A.Ya.

    1982-01-01

    Faults and block morphostructures of the southern slope of the greater Caucasus are revealed by interpreting space photographs. A plan of lineaments is compiled. Interpretation signs of the most important faults are described.

  6. THE INNOVATION AND USE OF ARGOT LEXICON IN IRAN AZERBAIJAN CULTURE

    OpenAIRE

    Hossein, Kh

    2013-01-01

    In some situations, verbal communication in society, affected by social anomalies, create a new concept called the secret language (Argo). Different methods of generation and word formation like analogy, affixation, derivation and inflection involved in the creation of secret vocabularies. Adding various affixes and match parts of words and convert them to each other, the use of simile and metaphor and analogy, and the onomatopoeia, and loan translation, borrowing from other languages occur i...

  7. Estimation of deepwater temperature and hydrogeochemistry of springs in the Takab geothermal field, West Azerbaijan, Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharifi, Reza; Moore, Farid; Mohammadi, Zargham; Keshavarzi, Behnam

    2016-01-01

    Chemical analyses of water samples from 19 hot and cold springs are used to characterize Takab geothermal field, west of Iran. The springs are divided into two main groups based on temperature, host rock, total dissolved solids (TDS), and major and minor elements. TDS, electrical conductivity (EC), Cl(-), and SO4 (2-) concentrations of hot springs are all higher than in cold springs. Higher TDS in hot springs probably reflect longer circulation and residence time. The high Si, B, and Sr contents in thermal waters are probably the result of extended water-rock interaction and reflect flow paths and residence time. Binary, ternary, and Giggenbach diagrams were used to understand the deeper mixing conditions and locations of springs in the model system. It is believed that the springs are heated either by mixing of deep geothermal fluid with cold groundwater or low conductive heat flow. Mixing ratios are evaluated using Cl, Na, and B concentrations and a mass balance approach. Calculated quartz and chalcedony geothermometer give lower reservoir temperatures than cation geothermometers. The silica-enthalpy mixing model predicts a subsurface reservoir temperature between 62 and 90 °C. The δ(18)O and δD (δ(2)H) are used to trace and determine the origin and movement of water. Both hot and cold waters plot close to the local meteoric line, indicating local meteoric origin.

  8. MOBILE GOVERNMENT – GENERAL OVERVIEW, SERVICES, CHALLENGES AND PERSPECTIVES OF AZERBAIJAN

    OpenAIRE

    Aliyeva, N.

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores the prospects of mobile government, an extension of the growing movement toward electronic government (e-government). Specifically, we look at the status of mobile-technology applications at the state level and it`s potential.

  9. The Study of the Components of Urban Social Capital in Central Cities of East Azerbaijan Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza Ostad Rahimi

    2013-07-01

    This kinds of social capital has various positive and negative effects. Thus general trust of people to the country should be increased. Also reliability of people should be increased by increasing their general trust and the strengthening of social capital.

  10. A magnetostratigraphic time frame for Plio-Pleistocene transgressions in the South Caspian Basin, Azerbaijan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baak, C.G.C. van; Vasiliev, I.; Stoica, M.; Kuiper, K.F.; Forte, A.M.; Aliyeva, E.; Krijgsman, W.

    2012-01-01

    The isolation of the Caspian Sea took place in the latest Miocene coinciding with a significant lowering of sea level and the deposition of a massive lowstand deltaic system. This so-called Productive Series is the main reservoir unit of the SouthCaspian oil-province. The Productive Series is overla

  11. Fiscal sustainability and oil wealth: Managing oil and gas volatility in Azerbaijan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    N. Budina; S. van Wijnbergen

    2008-01-01

    Assessing fiscal sustainability - i.e. considering whether or not a country can maintain its current fiscal policies without running into solvency problems and possible default - requires projections on a government's future revenue stream, expenditures and contingent liabilities within a macroecono

  12. 47 CFR 2.106 - Table of Frequency Allocations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... afforded protection from harmful interference. In Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, the Russian... primary basis. 5.75Different category of service: in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova..., Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  13. HPLC Measurement of MDMA Content in Ecstasy Tablets Available in the Black Market of West Azerbaijan Province, Northwestern Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza Ghafari

    2014-12-01

    Conclusion: There is variability in the physicochemical properties of ecstasy tablets available in the black market for illicit drugs in northwest Iran. This variability may potentially put abusers at increased risk of overdose due to inadvertent excess ingestion of the tablets to achieve desired effects and also experiencing more harm due to tablets adulterants.

  14. A new leech species (Hirudinida: Erpobdellidae: Erpobdella) from a cave in the West Azerbaijan province of Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cichocka, Joanna M; Bielecki, Aleksander; Kur, Jarosław; Pikuła, Dorota; Kilikowska, Adrianna; Biernacka, Beata

    2015-01-01

    Erpobdella borisi n. sp. is a predatory leech inhabiting cave waters in Iran. Probably, it is either a troglobiont or troglophile. The leech has no eyes, and the complete mid-body somite is divided unequally into five annuli. Results of phylogenetic analysis based on morphological characters and COI gene sequence indicate the species to be closely related to Erpobdella japonica, E. octoculata and E. testacea.

  15. A new leech species (Hirudinida: Erpobdellidae: Erpobdella) from a cave in the West Azerbaijan province of Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cichocka, Joanna M; Bielecki, Aleksander; Kur, Jarosław; Pikuła, Dorota; Kilikowska, Adrianna; Biernacka, Beata

    2015-01-01

    Erpobdella borisi n. sp. is a predatory leech inhabiting cave waters in Iran. Probably, it is either a troglobiont or troglophile. The leech has no eyes, and the complete mid-body somite is divided unequally into five annuli. Results of phylogenetic analysis based on morphological characters and COI gene sequence indicate the species to be closely related to Erpobdella japonica, E. octoculata and E. testacea. PMID:26623905

  16. Questions of working and oil output of Azerbaijan land fields. Voprosy razrabotki i nefteotdachi mestorozhdeniy sushi Azerbaydzhana

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1984-01-01

    This paper presents results of experimental injection of water into the beds of the Siazanskiy monocline fields which are characterized by steep thin-layered productive beds with complicated geophysical structure. Ways to intensify working of the Kirmakinskiy series of fields in central and eastern Apsheron, questions of flooding and its regulation in examples of the Kurinskiy lowland fields, and flowsheets for instruments and equipment to determine the hydrothermodynamic parameters are examined. Results are presented of experimental-industrial work on physicochemical and thermal methods for improving oil bed output. Based on analytical evaluation of the field information, for the first time an examination was made of the influence of geological-physical, energy and operating indicators of the beds on the effectiveness of surfactant modification.

  17. TURKISH TEXTS IN OLD GRAVESTONES OF AZERBAIJAN AZERBAYCAN ESKİ MEZAR TAŞLARINDA TÜRKÇE METİNLER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yüksel SAYAN

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Arabic and Persian were used in Azerbaijani gravestones by the end of the 19th century. Poems and literary expressions were usually written in Persian and religious expressions like verses, the Messenger's words and prayers in Arabic. From the second half of the 19th century some Turkish texts, mostly poetic, start to appear in some graves. One may conclude, in a sense, that Turkish started to replace Persian in those days. However, religious expressions and information about identity of dead persons were still in Arabic. Use of Turkish in Azerbaijani gravestones in the pre-Soviet period intensifies in some regions. In this context, the oldest samples belonging to the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century were found in Genje, Kazah, Tovuz, Sheki, Mereze, Shamahy and Baku. In all of them, Turkish texts were written in Arabic alphabet. With the change of alphabet to Cyrillic, once Turkic texts in Cyrillic started to be popular. These are mostly literary texts in poetic form, and religious expressions were written in Arabic with Arabic letters.This essay contains an evaluation of Turkish texts found in old Azerbaijani gravestones. Azerbaycan eski mezar taşlarında 19. yüzyıla kadar dil olarak Arapça ve Farsça kullanılmıştır. Bu bağlamda; genellikle şiir ve edebi ifadelerin Farsça, ayet, hadis ve dua gibi dini içerikli metinlerin ise Arapça yazıldığı görülmektedir. 19. yüzyılın ilk yarısına ait mezar taşlarında Türkçe metinli örneğe rastlanmakla birlikte, daha çok bu yüzyılın ikinci yarısında, genellikle manzum nitelikli Türkçe metinler yaygınlaşmaya başlar. Bir anlamda bu dönemden itibaren Türkçenin, giderek Farsçanın yerini aldığı söylenebilir. Ancak bu mezar taşlarında Arapçanın yerini koruduğu; dini içerikli metinlerin ve ölenin kimlik bilgilerinin yine Arapça olarak yazıldığı görülmektedir. Azerbaycan mezar taşlarında Türkçe kullanımı Sovyet dönemi öncesinde özellikle belli bölgelerde yoğunlaşır. Bu bağlamda çoğu 19. yüzyılın sonları ile 20. yüzyılın başlarına ait olan en eski örnekler, Gence, Kazah, Tovuz, Şeki, Gah, Şamahı, Mereze ve Bakü çevrelerindeki mezarlıklarda tespit edilmiştir. Bu eserlerin tümünde Türkçe metinler taş üzerine Arap harfleriyle kabartma veya oyma tekniğinde hakk edilmiştir. Rus döneminde harflerin değişmesinden sonra Kril harfli Türkçe metinler daha geniş bir alanda yaygınlaşır. Bunlar da çoğunlukla şiir tarzında edebi metinler olup, dini içerikli sözlerin yine Arap harfleriyle ve Arapça olarak yazıldığı görülür. Bu makalede, Azerbaycan eski mezar taşları konusunda yapılan araştırmalar çerçevesinde, taşlar üzerinde tespit edilebilen Türkçe metin örnekleri aktarılarak, bunlar hakkında bir değerlendirme yapılmaya çalışılmıştır.

  18. Ecological building measures while oil pollution of soils along Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline corridor in Azerbaijan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is necessary to fulfil recultivation during the soils pollution by oil along the corridor of BTC pipeline. The soils recultivation is carried out in a technical and biological stage. The biological recultivation depends on defenition of the phytoindicator plants and the proper organization of their sowing form

  19. Identification of magnetic anomalies based on ground magnetic data analysis using multifractal modelling: a case study in Qoja-Kandi, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansouri, E.; Feizi, F.; Karbalaei Ramezanali, A. A.

    2015-10-01

    Ground magnetic anomaly separation using the reduction-to-the-pole (RTP) technique and the fractal concentration-area (C-A) method has been applied to the Qoja-Kandi prospecting area in northwestern Iran. The geophysical survey resulting in the ground magnetic data was conducted for magnetic element exploration. Firstly, the RTP technique was applied to recognize underground magnetic anomalies. RTP anomalies were classified into different populations based on the current method. For this reason, drilling point area determination by the RTP technique was complicated for magnetic anomalies, which are in the center and north of the studied area. Next, the C-A method was applied to the RTP magnetic anomalies (RTP-MA) to demonstrate magnetic susceptibility concentrations. This identification was appropriate for increasing the resolution of the drilling point area determination and decreasing the drilling risk issue, due to the economic costs of underground prospecting. In this study, the results of C-A modelling on the RTP-MA are compared with 8 borehole data. The results show that there is a good correlation between anomalies derived via the C-A method and the log report of boreholes. Two boreholes were drilled in magnetic susceptibility concentrations, based on multifractal modelling data analyses, between 63 533.1 and 66 296 nT. Drilling results showed appropriate magnetite thickness with grades greater than 20 % Fe. The total associated with anomalies containing andesite units hosts iron mineralization.

  20. Comparison of Continuation Rates and Reasons of Discontinuation for Cyclofem and Depot -medroxyprogesterone acetate in Rural Areas of East Azerbaijan Province, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robab Hassanzadeh

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: In this study continuation rate and reasons for discontinuation of Depot-medroxyprogestroneacetate (DMPAand Cyclofem have been compared.Materials and methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted with 422 women (202 Cyclofemand220 DMPA userswho had started using the methods 12-24 months before the study in East Azerbaijanhealth houses. Data were collected by reviewing the records and interview with the clients and analysedusing Kaplan-Meier and Cox Regression.Results: The 3, 6, 9, 12 months continuation rate were 56%, 37%, 30%, 27% respectively for Cyclofemversus 75%, 59.5%, 48%, 42.5% for DMPA. Menstrual changes were reported significantly more by theDMPA users than the Cyclofem users (85% vs. 73%, P=0.008 as the main reason for thediscontinuation, the difference mainly reflected of amenorrhea (50% vs. 23%, P=0.003. None of DMPAusers and 11% of Cyclofem users claimed frequency of visits and lack of method supplies as their maindiscontinuation reason.Conclusion: Discontinuation rate was high for the both methods but it was higher for Cyclofem.Thecommon side effects mentioned as the main reasons for discontinuation of the both methods are nothealth threatening. Therefore, health care providers may help to improve their continuation rate byappropriate consultation.

  1. Identification of magnetic anomalies based on ground magnetic data analysis using multifractal modeling: a case study in Qoja-Kandi, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansouri, E.; Feizi, F.; Karbalaei Ramezanali, A. A.

    2015-07-01

    Ground magnetic anomaly separation using reduction-to-the-pole (RTP) technique and the fractal concentration-area (C-A) method has been applied to the Qoja-Kandi prosepecting area in NW Iran. The geophysical survey that resulted in the ground magnetic data was conducted for magnetic elements exploration. Firstly, RTP technique was applied for recognizing underground magnetic anomalies. RTP anomalies was classified to different populations based on this method. For this reason, drilling points determination with RTP technique was complicated. Next, C-A method was applied on the RTP-Magnetic-Anomalies (RTP-MA) for demonstrating magnetic susceptibility concentration. This identification was appropriate for increasing the resolution of the drilling points determination and decreasing the drilling risk, due to the economic costs of underground prospecting. In this study, the results of C-A Modeling on the RTP-MA are compared with 8 borehole data. The results show there is good correlation between anomalies derived via C-A method and log report of boreholes. Two boreholes were drilled in magnetic susceptibility concentration, based on multifractal modeling data analyses, between 63 533.1 and 66 296 nT. Drilling results show appropriate magnetite thickness with the grades greater than 20 % Fe total. Also, anomalies associated with andesite units host iron mineralization.

  2. Hybrid solar-wind installation prospects for hot water and heating supply of private homes in the Absheron peninsula conditions of the Republic of Azerbaijan

    OpenAIRE

    Arzu Huseynov; Elnur Abbasov; Oktay Salamov; Firuze Salmanova

    2015-01-01

    This paper analyses the environmental problems arising from the use of traditional energy resources for the production of electricity and heat. The advantages of replacing conventional energy resources and shifting to wind and solar energy technologies are explained. The possibilities of the combined use of solar and wind energy to provide an average family of 5 people with hot water and heating are explored. Experimental results were obtained from full-scale tests under prevailing conditions...

  3. The Role of Folk Music as Cultural Heritage in the Curriculum of Vocational High Schools of Music: Pattern of Azerbaijan-Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    Özdek, Attila

    2015-01-01

    Music is one of the most important elements in the transfer of cultural heritage. Especially traditional forms of music are considered to be the chief carriers of cultural heritage because folk music, which jumps to mind at the mention of traditional music, is a sub-division of culture as a genetic cultural nucleus and at the same time involves many other sub-divisions and features of culture. These elements and features can be listed as features of language, speech and dialect in the oral fo...

  4. Identification of Echinococcus Granulosus Strains in Isolated Hydatid Cyst Specimens from Animals by PCR-RFLP Method in West Azerbaijan – Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haleh Hanifian

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aim of this study was DNA extraction from protosco­lecses of Echinococcus granulosus and identification of these strains in West-Azerbai­jan Province, north western Iran.Methods: Thirty one livestock isolates from sheep and cattle were collected from abattoirs of the province. To investigate the genetic variation of the isolates, after DNA extraction by Glass beads-phenol chloroform method; PCR-RLFP analysis of rDNA-ITS1 was performed using three different restric­tion enzymes of Taq 1, Rsa 1 and Alu 1.Result: Amplified PCR products for all isolates were 1000bp band which is expected band in sheep strains (G1-G3 complex. The results of RFLP analy­sis also were the same for all isolates. PCR-RFLP patterns restriction en­zymes were identical as follows, Rsa1 bands under UV showed two bands approximately 655bp and 345bp. Alu1 bands were as follows: two approx­imately 800bp and 200bp and Taq1 did not cut any region and bands were approximately 1000 bp in all samples.Conclusions: Based on PCR-RFLP patterns of ITS1 fragment produced with endonucleases enzyme digestion in animal isolates, it can be concluded that a single strain of E. granulosus (sheep strain or G1-G3 complex is domi­nant genotype in this province

  5. Determination of Prevalence and Risk Factors of Infection with Babesia ovis in Small Ruminants from West Azerbaijan Province, Iran by Polymerase Chain Reaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bijan Esmaeilnejad

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Small ruminants’ babesiosis caused by Babesia ovis, is transmitted during blood feeding by infected ticks and is the most economically important tick-borne disease in tropical and subtropical areas. This study was carried out to to estimate the infection rate of B. ovis in sheep and goats by PCR. We have analysed risk factors that might influence infection of sheep and goats with B. ovis.Methods: A total 402 blood samples were examined microscopically for the presence of Babesia infection. All samples were tested by PCR. During sampling, whole body of each animal and farm dogs was examined for the presence of ticks.Results: Forty-two animals (10.4% were positive for Babesia spp. upon microscopic examination, whereas 67 animals (16.7% yielded the specific DNA for B. ovis of which 52 animals were sheep and 15 animals were goats.Twenty-nine farms (72.5% were found positive for B. ovis. The percentage of positive animals in each location varied from 13 % to 20 %. The relative risk of the presence of ticks in sheep and goats (P< 0.01 and farm dogs (P< 0.01 for PCRpositive results forB. ovis in sheep and goats was found 3.8 and 2.9, respectively. A total of 747 ticks identified as Rhipicephalus bursa, R. sanguineus and R. turanicus on the basis of morphological features.Conclusion: Other animal species besides dogs may also be risk factors for babesiosis in sheep and goats. Also, R. bursa may play an important role as a vector of the parasite in Iran.

  6. Antimicrobial Activity of Chlorhexidine, Peracetic acid/ Peroxide hydrogen and Alcohol based compound on Isolated Bacteria in Madani Heart Hospital, Tabriz, Azerbaijan, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza Ghotaslou

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The aim of present study was to investigate the effect of chemical agents on the clinical isolates in Madani Heart Hospital, Tabriz, Iran. Methods: The minimum bactericide concentration (MBC of disinfectants including chlorhexidine (Fort, peracetic acid (Micro and an alcohol based compound (Deconex on selected bacteria at various dilutions were determined by the standard suspension technique. Results: MBC of Micro, Fort and Deconex were 2-128 mg/L, 2-64 mg/L and 4 - 32 mg/L, respectively. The Gram negative bacteria were more resistance to disinfectant relation to Gram positive bacteria. Conclusion: The results showed that these agents are able to eradicate the bacteria and they can be used lonely.

  7. Legislative and policy analysis of HIV prevention, treatment and care for people who use drugs and incarcerated people in Central Asia and Azerbaijan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cozac, David; Elliott, Richard

    2011-04-01

    In January 2011, the Regional Office for Central Asia of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network released an extensive report assessing the legislative and policy environment affecting the response to HIV in six countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). The report, which draws in part upon the work of a national expert group in each country, puts forward dozens of recommendations for legislative and policy reform, including recommendations for specific reform tailored to the situation in each of the participating countries, with a particular focus on addressing the fast-growing HIV epidemic linked to injection drug use and in prisons.

  8. Obchodní vztahy České republiky s Azerbajdžánem

    OpenAIRE

    Vrtilková, Zuzana

    2012-01-01

    The aim of my bachelor thesis is to analyze the business relations of the Czech Republic with Azerbaijan, and to inform about the prospects for their future development, or enhance their possibilities. The task (hypothesis) is to identify whether Azerbaijan is interesting from business sense, and whether it is advantageous to penetrate the Azerbaijan market and, if so, in which field or industry. On the other hand in which areas participants from Azerbaijan could be applied on the Czech marke...

  9. POMEGRANATE IN WRITTEN AND SPOKEN LITERATURE / AZERBAYCAN SÖZLÜ VE YAZILI EDEBIYATINDA NAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Mehmet İSMAİL

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available According to the scientists punica’s native land isAzerbaijan. This fruit grows up in many countries allover the world and there are lots of kinds of it inAzerbaijan. This is a survey of pomegranate as it featuresin the folklore (tale, legend, myth, proverb, riddle, curse,praise, expression, folk song of Azerbaijan. And alsosome examples of folk-literature is added in which punicaexists.

  10. SHEKI AS A CULTURAL TOURISM CENTER

    OpenAIRE

    Ismayilova, Elnara

    2014-01-01

    Abstarct: The article about the Azerbaijan city and this place is very interesting for every tourists. There are a lot of ancient monuments and historical places in Sheki. You can see Azerbaijan traditions, old history, delicious cuisine and beautiful nature, too. Every tourists can stay in Caravanserai hotel, to walk forest Markhal, to eat delicious “Sheki halva” and watch old game of Azerbaijan “Chovgan” in Sheki city.

  11. POMEGRANATE IN WRITTEN AND SPOKEN LITERATURE / AZERBAYCAN SÖZLÜ VE YAZILI EDEBIYATINDA NAR

    OpenAIRE

    Dr. Mehmet İSMAİL

    2008-01-01

    According to the scientists punica’s native land isAzerbaijan. This fruit grows up in many countries allover the world and there are lots of kinds of it inAzerbaijan. This is a survey of pomegranate as it featuresin the folklore (tale, legend, myth, proverb, riddle, curse,praise, expression, folk song) of Azerbaijan. And alsosome examples of folk-literature is added in which punicaexists.

  12. 22 CFR 228.03 - Identification of principal geographic code numbers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., Armenia, Austria, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria..., Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait,...

  13. TOPLUM VE SİYASET İLİŞKİSİ BAĞLAMINDA AZERBAYCAN SİNEMA TARİHİ - THE HISTORY OF THE AZERBAIJAN MOVIES IN THE CONTEXT OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIETY AND POLITICS

    OpenAIRE

    KIRIK, Ali Murat

    2014-01-01

    ÖzetÇağımızda sinema 7.sanat olarak adlandırılmaktadır. Görsel bir sanat dalı olan sinema gerçeğin aynası durumundadır. Bununla birlikte sinema, toplum ve siyaset ile sürekli bir ilişki içerisindedir. Azerbaycan sinemasında bu ilişki derinden hissedilmektedir. Bu çalışmada Azerbaycan Sineması 3 dönem altında incelenmektedir. Propaganda ve siyaset her dönem Azerbaycan Sineması’nda var olmuştur. Günümüzde ise milliyetçiliği ön plana çıkaran filmler üretilmektedir. Çalışmada Azerbaycan Sineması’...

  14. Azebaycan’ın İlk Savaş Pilotu Ferruh Ağa GayıbovThe First Combat Pilot of Azerbaijan- Farrukh Gayıbov-

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MUHAMMET KEMALOĞLU

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Ferruh Ağa Gayıbov Azerbaycanlı ilk şavaş pilotudur. İlya Muromets №16 adlı bombardıman uçağının personelidir. I.Dünya Savaşına katılmıştır. Çar ordusunda “Topçuların Tanrısı” diye kabul edilen Aliağa Şıhlinski’nin de akrabasıdır. Ferruh Ağa 2 Ekim 1891’de, Kazak ilinin Sınır Salahlı köyünde doğmuştur. Tiflis Askeri Okulunda okur. Üsteğmen rütbesinde iken 12 Eylül 1916’da Batı cephesi karargâhının emri ile Borına’ya saldırır, Almanların mevzilerini ve mevkilerini bombalar. Onun uçağına doğru 4 alman savaş uçağı saldırıya geçer. Gayıbov onların üçünü imha eder ancak uçağının aldığı darebeden dolayı yere çırparak hayatını kaybeder. Şəmistan Nəzirli’den yaptığmız “Azərbaycanın İlk Hərbi Təyyarəçisi Ferruh Ağa Gayıbov” adlı bu çeviri eser Ferruh Ağa Gayıbov’u tarihin derin sayfalarından çıkarmıştır. Abstract Ferruh Gayıbov was the first Azerbaijani combat pilot. He was the bombardier in Ilya Muromets № 16 bomber aircraft. He joined World War I. He was a relative Aliaga Şıhlinski whose name called "the God of Artillery," in the Tsarist army. Ferruh Agha was born in 2 October 1891, in the village of Salahlı Kazakh. He studied at Tbilisi Military School. When he was a first lieutenant, he attacked to the Boriana with the order of West Front Headquarter and bombed German positions and locations in September 12, 1916. Four German bomber aircraft attacked his plane. Gayıbov destroyed three of them but his plane got shot and he lost his life. Our translation of “Azərbaycanın İlk Hərbi Təyyarəçisi Ferruh Ağa Gayıbov” by Şemistan Nezirli, has revealed Ferruh Agha Gayıbov from the depths of history.

  15. « The Bilingual Stela of Rusa I from Movana (West-Azerbaijan, Iran) ». Studi Micenei ed Egeo-Anatolici, Fasc. XLIV/1, 2002, pp. 1-66.

    OpenAIRE

    Boucharlat, Rémy

    2006-01-01

    Richement illustré de 10 figures de copies autographiques et de 26 photos de l’inscription, voici l’édition complète d’une inscription bilingue (urartéenne et assyrienne) du roi d’Urartu Rusa I (730-714 avant J.-C.) récemment découverte entre Urmiya et la frontière turque. Elle reproduit un texte déjà connu par deux autres stèles qui présentaient d’importantes lacunes. Celle de Movana est plus complète et permet de confirmer ou de corriger certaines restitutions et interprétations. C’est un d...

  16. 中亚-阿塞拜疆地区油气资源及合作对策%OIL AND GAS RESOURCES IN CENTRAL ASIA-AZERBAIJAN REGION AND THE COOPERATION POLICY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张清云

    2010-01-01

    油气合作是以获取油气资源为目标的合作,需要研究油气资源的分布;资源国良好的投资环境和稳定的投资政策是油气合作项目得以顺利实施、并最终取得效益的重要前提.中亚各国和阿塞拜疆的油气资源分布具有很大的不均一性,各国的投资环境、对外合作政策也存在着很大的差别.在分析中亚-阿塞拜疆地区油气资源总量及其分布规律的基础上,研究了资源国的投资政策,就进一步扩大与上述资源国的合作提出了4点建议.

  17. AcEST: BP920117 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Z Genome polyprotein OS=Foot-and-mouth disease virus (strain A22/550 Azerbaijan 65) Align length 21 Score (b...seas... 29 8.4 >sp|P49303|POLG_FMDVZ Genome polyprotein OS=Foot-and-mouth disease virus (strain A22/550 Azerbaijan

  18. Gender Gaps in Mathematics, Science and Reading Achievements in Muslim Countries: A Quantile Regression Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shafiq, M. Najeeb

    2013-01-01

    Using quantile regression analyses, this study examines gender gaps in mathematics, science, and reading in Azerbaijan, Indonesia, Jordan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Qatar, Tunisia, and Turkey among 15-year-old students. The analyses show that girls in Azerbaijan achieve as well as boys in mathematics and science and overachieve in reading. In Jordan,…

  19. Gender Gaps in Mathematics, Science and Reading Achievements in Muslim Countries: Evidence from Quantile Regression Analyses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shafiq, M. Najeeb

    2011-01-01

    Using quantile regression analyses, this study examines gender gaps in mathematics, science, and reading in Azerbaijan, Indonesia, Jordan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Qatar, Tunisia, and Turkey among 15 year-old students. The analyses show that girls in Azerbaijan achieve as well as boys in mathematics and science and overachieve in reading. In Jordan,…

  20. Analyzıng And Valuıng Of The Export Multıplıcıty Of Azerbaıjan Republıc

    OpenAIRE

    Suleymanov, Elchin; Zeynalov, Ayaz; Mammadov, Rufat

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the export multiplicity of Azerbaijan Republic has been analyzed during 1995-2009. Firstly, the relationship between GDP on CPI has been estimated and it found as a positive and meaningful. Secondly, the effect of GDP on Net export has been estimated, where these two findings allow us to estimate the export multiplicity of Azerbaijan Republic. The export multiplicity of Azerbaijan Republic found as a 0.9, where it emphasize that effect of GDP on net export is meaningful and s...

  1. Ирано-Азербайджанские отношения в первый год президентства М. Хатами

    OpenAIRE

    Sidorov, Ivan

    2015-01-01

    The article is devoted to the study of the Iran-Azerbaijan relations during the first year of Muhammad Khatami’s presidency. The main task of the research is to follow the evolution of Iran-Azerbaijan relations during that period, to describe the most important events of these relations and to find an answer to the question why such a successful beginning of the period led Iran and Azerbaijan to the verge of a diplomatic catastrophe. The coming of the liberal president Khatami to power in Ira...

  2. Starting points of national literature and culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahilya Geybullayeva

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This is a report of the international conference on Comparative Literature and Culture, organized by the Azerbaijan Comparative Literature Association and the Azerbaijani Literature Department of the Baku Slavic University.

  3. IRAN THE BEATING HEART OF ASIA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Iran is a vast country covering 1,648,000 square kilometers in southwestern Asia. Its neighbors are Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Armenia on the north, Afghanistan and Pakistan on the east, and Turkey and Iraq on the west.

  4. 78 FR 23827 - Designation of Eighteen Individuals Pursuant to the Sergei Magnitsky Rule of Law Accountability...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-22

    ... (individual) . 2. KUZNETSOV, Artem (a.k.a. KUZNETSOV, Artyom); DOB 28 Feb 1975; POB Baku, Azerbaijan.... UKHNALEVA, Svetlana V.); DOB 14 Mar 1973; POB Moscow, Russia (individual) . 16. VINOGRADOVA, Natalya V.;...

  5. KÜRESELLEŞME SÜRECİNDE IMF POLİTİKALARININ SONUÇLARI: AZERBAYCAN DENEYİMİ

    OpenAIRE

    Soyak, Alkan; Nesirova, Zenfira

    2003-01-01

    IMF’s policies through to the World Economy have been changed in the globalization processes. Those policies have been applied in transition economies such as Russia, Bulgaria, Romania, Azerbaijan since the begining of 1990's. Particularly Azerbaijan, an attraction center for the foreign capitals because of its rich oil rezerves, is the interesting case for examining the applications and the implications of IMF’s policies. The aim of this study is to analyse some consequences of IMF’s reform ...

  6. Relationship Issues of Azerbaijani and Georgian Intellectuals

    OpenAIRE

    Nata Bicadze

    2010-01-01

    In the article, the people's interrelationship problems of the present two neighbor countries - Georgia and Azerbaijan in the period of the newest history is discussed for the first time. The special place has been given to the issues of Azerbaijanis' living in Georgia study and education. Privately to the study of the greatest role and importance of the Azerbaijan schools existed in the oldest part of Georgia, to the meaning of the formed and consolidated friendship of Georgian and Azerbaija...

  7. Kruitvat Kaukasus : wordt Nagorno-Karabach volgend strijdtoneel?

    OpenAIRE

    Rochtus, Dirk

    2009-01-01

    Dirk Rochtus surveys the 'frozen conflict' regarding Nagorno Karabakh, the Armenian enclave on the territory of Azerbaijan. The five days war between Georgia and Russia in August 2008 over South Ossetia came as a cold shower to Azerbaijan, that aims to bring Nagorno-Karabakh back under its control. The question is whether a not entirely unlikely attempt by Baku at 'solving' this frozen conflict by military means will hold the risk of Russia coming to the aid of its Armenian partner. However, ...

  8. Macroeconomıc Analysıs And Graphıcal Interpretatıon Of Azerbaıjan Economy In 1991-2012

    OpenAIRE

    Suleymanov, Elchin; Aliyev, Khatai

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this research is to analyze macroeconomic performance and discuss transition indicators in Azerbaijan economy for 1991-2012. After regaining independence in 1991, Azerbaijan implemented economic transition process toward market economy. In first years of independence serious economic recession was observed. However, after 1995, restructuring of the economy was started. In this sense, signing “Contract of the Century” was a turning point toward oil based high speed economic growth o...

  9. 市場経済への体制転換の原初段階―アゼルバイジャン共和国の場合―

    OpenAIRE

    源河, 朝典

    1997-01-01

    Azerbaijan, oil-rich country along the shore of the Caspian Sea and one ofthe fifteen republics ofthe former Soviet Union, has been paid littleattention from the Japanese academic world of economic researches. After the collapse ofthe Soviet Union, Azerbaijan had been sufferingfrom the war with Armenia on Nagorno-Karabakh, the conflict in Chechenya of Russia, domestic political unstability, high rapid inflationand the sharp decrease of production. The close of the boundary by Russia deepend f...

  10. Azerbaıjan in Serbıan Lıterature − Between Realıstıc Travelogue and Mystıcal Lure in Postmodern Lıterature

    OpenAIRE

    Natasa Bulatovic

    2011-01-01

    Using a comparative method, the author of this paper intends to show Azerbaijan as a literary motif that inspired two representative Serbian writers. Both used different literary forms, opposite styles and belonged to different epochs. Ivo Andrć, Serbian Nobel Prize Winner, wrote the poetic travel writing From my trip through Azerbaijan (Literary Gazette, 1948). With great admiration he describes a celebration of the 800th anniversary of the birth of a great Azerbaijani poet Nezami Ganjavi, c...

  11. Oil Factor in the Formation of the US-Azerbaijani Relations and Effective Use of Oil Revenues

    OpenAIRE

    Khatira F. Heydarova

    2014-01-01

    The USA is particularly interested in the development of multilateral cooperation with the Republic of Azerbaijan that acts as an initiator of new projects which forms the energy security maps of Europe and realizes energy projects of global and regional significance. Azerbaijan also in its turn attaches great importance to the relations with the United States of America that has a say in global processes and in the establishment of the new world order. These relations that have been establis...

  12. CZARIST NATIONAL-COLONIAL POLICY IN THE CENTRAL CAUCASUS

    OpenAIRE

    Alizade, Zakhida

    2007-01-01

    The author uses a vast amount of factual material to reveal the essence of czarist Russia’s colonial imperial policy toward the Muslims of the Caucasus, and Northern Azerbaijan in particular, when the area was finally conquered in the early 19th century. This discriminatory policy was acutely felt in all spheres of life; the Azeris, in particular, were deprived of many political, civil, and religious rights. Russia’s reforms in the area deprived Northern Azerbaijan of its previous administrat...

  13. Energy market for Caspian Sea oil and its supply

    OpenAIRE

    Emadi, Seyed Emad; Nezhad, Hameed

    2011-01-01

    By The Caspian Sea countries present growing importance in the global energy market. The largest energy producers in the region are Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan. In recognition of the growing importance of Caspian countries in the global energy market, this article takes a look at the internal energy markets in the region and its oil and gas supply potential. The largest energy producers in the region are Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan. The region has significantly expan...

  14. Myocardial infarction in a patient with left ventricular noncompaction: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Toufan M; Shahvalizadeh R; Khalili M

    2012-01-01

    Mehrnoush Toufan,1 Roya Shahvalizadeh,1 Majid Khalili21Cardiovascular Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; 2Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Baku, AzerbaijanAbstract: We describe a 73-year-old male patient with left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) who was diagnosed with acute myocardial infarction (MI), three-vessel coronary artery disease, a fresh intraventricular thrombus, and mitral regurgitation. He was treated with full anticoagulant therapy, cor...

  15. Monthly Report No. 3/2008

    OpenAIRE

    Vasily Astrov; Leon Podkaminer; Sandor Richter

    2008-01-01

    Armenia and Azerbaijan recent economic developments and policy challenges (by V. Astrov, pp. 1-5) Keywords comparative study, economic growth, macroeconomic analysis Countries covered Armenia, Azerbaijan Topics Macroeconomic Analysis, Forecasts and Policy Agricultural support consequences of an eventual EU accession of the seven Balkan countries (by S. Richter, pp. 6-12) Keywords agriculture, CAP, EU accession, Balkans Countries covered Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Mac...

  16. Green Marketing and Its Impacts on Consumer Behavior in Sports Shops

    OpenAIRE

    Javad Shahlaee

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was investigation of green marketing and its impacts on consumer behavior in sports shops in East Azerbaijan province of Iran. The present study is functionalized by objectives and done by field. The study statistical society was sports shops in East Azerbaijan and 210 samples were chosen randomly according to Morgan sampling method and 196 questionnaires were collected finally. The author-prepared questionnaire’s validity was approved by some experts in sport management...

  17. Colloquium on Caucasus; Colloque sur le Caucase

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This document is the proceedings of a colloquium organized by the French senate on Caucasus. Caucasus encompasses three countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia. In their presentations, the different participants stress on some particular political-economical aspects of this region: present day economic status, role in the development of central Asia, political stability of South Caucasus, influence of foreign countries (Russia, USA), relations with the European Union, the energy, road and rail paths, the stakes of Azerbaijan on the petroleum scene (hydrocarbons production and transit), hydrocarbons exploitation in Azerbaijan (regional cooperation, foreign investments, profits), experience of foreign companies working in Caucasus countries (beverage industry), juridical framework of investments made in Caucasus countries, business reality in these countries. (J.S.)

  18. Colloquium on Caucasus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document is the proceedings of a colloquium organized by the French senate on Caucasus. Caucasus encompasses three countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia. In their presentations, the different participants stress on some particular political-economical aspects of this region: present day economic status, role in the development of central Asia, political stability of South Caucasus, influence of foreign countries (Russia, USA), relations with the European Union, the energy, road and rail paths, the stakes of Azerbaijan on the petroleum scene (hydrocarbons production and transit), hydrocarbons exploitation in Azerbaijan (regional cooperation, foreign investments, profits), experience of foreign companies working in Caucasus countries (beverage industry), juridical framework of investments made in Caucasus countries, business reality in these countries. (J.S.)

  19. Perspectives of nuclear energy peaceful uses. International conference

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The scientists from following countries (Usa, Pakistan, Russia, Azerbaijan, Spain, Uzbekistan, Iran) took part at the International Conference devoted to Perspectives of Nuclear Energy Peaceful Uses. The activity was conducted in five sections : Section 1 was devoted to perspectives and statuses on nuclear energy; Section 2 was devoted to radiation impact on the environment : radioecology situation, radiation security, existing problems and their solutions; Section 3 was devoted to radiation materiology (radiation chemistry, radiation physics, radiation effects in solid states). Section 4 was devoted to existing problems of nuclear and radiation security in our Azerbaijan Republic. Section 5 was devoted to radioecology situation, its problems and the ways of their solutions.

  20. Labor Features with Classical Heritage Relations of the Staff in “Mollah Nesreddin” Journal

    OpenAIRE

    HÜSEYNOVA, Fatma

    2015-01-01

    This article deals with the mission of the satirical magazine “Molla Nasraddin” that published firstly in 1906 in Tbilisi city of Georgia, the cultural centre of the Turkic speaking people. The problem of reality and the literature are given with satirical laughter. “Mollah Nesreddin” journal (magazine) was a social-political mirror in the life of Azerbaijan in the beginning of the XX century. Its establishing was an important event in the social-literary life of Azerbaijan and this journal p...

  1. Industry turns its attention south

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper discusses the outlook for the gas and oil industries in the Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Significant foreign investment continues to elude Russia's oil and gas industry, so the Caspian nations of Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan are picking up the slack, welcoming the flow of foreign capital to their energy projects. Separate evaluations are given for Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Moldova, Tajikstan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia

  2. Genetic diversity of Iranian honey bee (Apis mellifera meda Skorikow, 1829) populations based on ISSR markers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahimi, A; Mirmoayedi, A; Kahrizi, D; Zarei, L; Jamali, S

    2016-01-01

    Honey bee is one of the most important insects considering its role in agriculture,ecology and economy as a whole. In this study, the genetic diversity of different Iranian honey bee populations was evaluated using inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers. During May to September 2014, 108 young worker honey bees were collected from six different populations in 30 different geoclimatic locations from Golestan, Mazendaran, Guilan, West Azerbaijan, East Azerbaijan, Ardebil provinces of Iran. DNA was extracted from the worker honey bees. The quality and quantity of extracted DNA were measured. A set of ten primers were screened with the laboratory populations of honey bees. The number of fragments produced in the different honey bee populations varied from 3 to 10, varying within 150 to 1500 bp. The used ten ISSR primers generated 40 polymorphic fragments, and the average heterozygosity for each primer was 0.266. Maximum numbers of bands were recorded for primer A1. A dendrogram based on the Unweighted Pair Group Method with Arithmetic mean (UPGMA) method generated two sub-clusters. Honey bee populations of Golestan, Mazendaran, Guilan provinces were located in the first group. The second group included honey bee populations of Ardebil, West Azerbaijan, East Azerbaijan provinces, but this group showed a close relationship with other populations. The results showed obviously the ability of the ISSR marker technique to detect the genetic diversity among the honey bee populations. PMID:27188735

  3. 76 FR 44890 - Notice of Decision To Authorize the Importation of Garlic From the European Union and Other...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-27

    ... published a notice \\1\\ in the Federal Register on March 21, 2011 (76 FR 15279-15280, Docket No. APHIS-2011..., the EU and other countries refers to Algeria, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Egypt, Estonia, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary,...

  4. Stages of Development of Azerbaijani Romanticism

    OpenAIRE

    Aynur Sabitova

    2013-01-01

    This article focuses on the most active period of romanticism in the Azerbaijan literature. The article lists the stages of development of Azerbaijani romanticism. Like any literary phenomenon the Azerbaijani romanticism has its own reference points: concrete time of origination, the stages of formation, development, giving in its positions and retirement from the literary scene. All these aspects have been analyzed.

  5. MODERN WEAPONS AND MILITARY EQUIPMENT FOR ISSUE NO. 2-2015

    OpenAIRE

    ВУЧКОВИЧ ДРАГАН М.

    2015-01-01

    Azerbaijan developing ZKDM combat vehicle, Fire works: ARS seek greater range and accuracy, Iran shows updated Falaq-1 and Falaq-2 rockets, TOS-1A advances Russian firepower, Iran reveals its Bavar-373 SAM, New gun shapes up for Russian MBT.

  6. 7 CFR 319.59-3 - Articles prohibited importation pending risk evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    .... 1 Requests should be submitted in writing to Phytosanitary Issues Management, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River..., Algeria, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bulgaria, Chile, China, Cyprus, Egypt... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Articles prohibited importation pending...

  7. Bioecological features and corrective properties of Achillea filipendulina Lam., Calendula officinalis L. and Hypericum perforatum L.

    OpenAIRE

    Elshan Shamilov; Asim Abdullayev; Ibragim Azizov; Sitara Mustafaeva; Sevil Zeynalova

    2013-01-01

    The study is devoted to investigations on bioecological features and corrective properties of two species from the family Asteraceae Dumort. (Achillea filipendulina Lam. and Calendula officinalisL.) and one species from the family Hypericaceae Juss. (Hypericum perforatumL.) which are growing in the flora of Azerbaijan. It has revealed that the extract obtained from the collection of these plants shows corrective influence.

  8. The Idea of English in Iran: An Example from Urmia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadeghi, Karim; Richards, Jack C.

    2016-01-01

    This paper explores the place of English in Iran. To do this, we look at the social presence of English in Urmia (the capital of West Azerbaijan province, Iran). The paper draws on instances of the use of English in different contexts in Urmia, including its use in academia, business, state and private education, media, and people's ordinary…

  9. 76 FR 14705 - Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (ECA) Request for Grant Proposals: Youth Leadership...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-17

    ... of Educational and Cultural Affairs (ECA) Request for Grant Proposals: Youth Leadership Program With South Asia (Nepal, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives) and the Youth Leadership Program With Azerbaijan... open competition for two Youth Leadership Programs: the Youth Leadership Program with South Asia...

  10. Project on Asia's sustainable development starts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ A research project of the Association of Academies of Sciences in Asia (AASA) on the sustainable development in Asia has been latmched. The fast meeting of its expert panel was held on 25 February in Beijing, bringing together more than 20 experts from 10 Asian countries, including Russia, ROK, Turkey, Israel, India, Mongolia, Iran,Azerbaijan, and the Philippines.

  11. Fossil birds in the National Museum of Natural History, Sofia: composition, development and scientific value

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boev, Z.N.

    2005-01-01

    A review of the fossil and subfossil avian record kept in Bulgaria is presented. The only collection of fossil birds in Bulgaria was established in the 1980s. 99.6% originates from 98 localities throughout Bulgaria. Foreign fossils originate from Azerbaijan, Greece, Hungary, Namibia and New Zealand.

  12. Groundwater institutions and management problems in the developing world

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wegerich, K.

    2006-01-01

    The Role of Groundwater in Delhi¿s Water Supply: Interaction between formal and informal Development of the Water System, and possible scenarios of Evolution; A. Maria. Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Analysis of the Secondary Towns of Azerbaijan: Does groundwater play a role? S. Puri and T. Roma

  13. THE FORMATION OF AN EFFICIENT INTERNAL ENERGY MARKET UNDER GLOBALIZATION CONDITIONS (AZERBAIJANI CASE STUDY)

    OpenAIRE

    Nasibov, Vagif

    2008-01-01

    This article looks at the situation that has developed in the country’s electric power industry, studies the principles and special features of forming an internal energy market in the Azerbaijan Republic, and justifies the need for reforming the economy’s power industry and creating new independent market entities that meet the demands of the globalizing world.

  14. Evaluating the R elation between O rganizational S tructure and E ntrepreneurship in Physical E ducation of Islamic Azad University

    OpenAIRE

    Amineh Sahranavard G ARGARI; Abedin A SADOLLAHI

    2014-01-01

    This study aims to investigate the relation between organizational structure and entrepreneu rship which is of discretional - correlational type, done by the field method among all the physical education (PE) teachers and employees of Eastern Azerbaijan ’ s I slamic Azad Universities (n=63). Two questionnaires about organizational structure and entrepreneurship, whose reliability was achieved by the e xperts, and Pearson and ...

  15. 地热能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    ENVIRONMENTAL ADVANTAGES OF INVESTMENT IN GEOTHERMAL POWER PROJECTS IN RUSSIA;Geothermal energy and its relationship with Plio-Quaternary volcanic field and fracture systems in Azerbaijan area;GEOTHERMAL ENERGY DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA;Geothermal Energy Resources of India: Present Status and future prospects;GEOTHERMAL ENERGY SUPPLY OF THE RUHR-UNIVERSITY BOCHUM……

  16. Corruption in Higher Education: Some Findings from the States of the Former Soviet Union

    Science.gov (United States)

    Temple, Paul; Petrov, Georgy

    2004-01-01

    Many observers have noted that corruption in higher education is widespread in the states of the former Soviet Union. Little empirical evidence is available, however. This article examines some theoretical approaches to the study of corruption, and presents empirical data on corruption in higher education from Russia and Azerbaijan, collected by…

  17. SELF-DEFENSE IN KARABAKH CONFLICT?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeed Bagheri

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Use of force is one of the principles of international law which has been banned by the UN Charter and modern constitutions. However, since the enforcement of the UN Charter, self-defense has become the preferred excuse for states to justify their use of force. But applying self-defense requires some conditions. Immediacy is one of the important conditions of self-defense. Immediacy defined as the time span between armed attacks and reaction to it, is the main discourse. This condition requires self defense immediately after the armed conflict or during a rational time span since its occurance.In this respect, the emerging Karabakh Conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan in the 1990s is important. After Armenia’s armed attacks, Azerbaijan has acted within the scope of legitimate self-defense. But in accordance with UN Security Council cease-fire resolution Azerbaijan has suspended its self-defense actions. However, today, still twenty percent of Azerbaijani territory is still under Armenian occupation. Accordingly, after a long time the validity of Azerbaijan’s right to legitimate self-defense is still subject to arguments.In this article, by comparing two different approaches (strict and board interpretation approaches on the temporal link between the measures of self-defense and the armed attacks (immediacy, the temporal link between the self-defense countermeasures of Azerbaijan and armed attacks by Armenia in Karabakh Conflict will be examined.

  18. About the ways of republican electrical engineering science development at the market economy conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text : The article is dedlcated to the ways of development of republican electro-technical science in the period of integration of Azerbaijan into world market economy. The most actual problems of this period were explained. The main problem directions of development of electro-technical science in present stage were formulated

  19. On stereotypes, media and redressing gendered social inequality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Hermes

    2010-01-01

    ‘Combating gender stereotypes: The role of education and the media’ was one of the two central themes of a ministerial conference of the Council of Europe (24-25 May 2010, Baku, Azerbaijan). The conference aims to develop cross-European policy directed at gender equality. This talk suggests that any

  20. POPULATION GENETICS OF THE WHEAT LEAF RUST FUNGUS, PUCCINIA TRITICINA IN CENTRAL ASIA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheat leaf rust, caused by Puccinia triticina, is a major disease of wheat in Central Asia. Single uredinial isolates from Armenia, Azerbaijan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Kyrgyzstan, 131 in total, were tested for virulence to 20 isolines of Thatcher wheat with single leaf rust resistan...

  1. Assessment of Mobilization and Leadership Challenges in Azerbaijani IDP and Refugee Camps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Affolter, Friedrich W.; Findlay, Henry J.

    2002-01-01

    A study analyzed community mobilization and leadership challenges in Azerbaijan refugee and internally displaced people (IDP) camps. The research determined that there is a lack of capacity to mobilize the community to effective community action and learning. (Contains 21 references.) (Author/JOW)

  2. The Impact of Turkey's Domestic Resources on the Turkic Republics of the Caspian Sea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyma Akkoyunlu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines how Turkey's domestic resources, which are Turkey's historical, cultural and political relations with the Turkic states and Turkey's economic interests in the region, affect Turkey's foreign relations with Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Findings show that the Turkic Republics' interest in Turkish development model gradually declined starting from the 1994s. The hypothesis that the stronger socio-cultural ties between Turkey and the Turkic states are the closer the foreign relations are between Turkey and the Turkic states is applicable to all five republics. In the field of business the study finds that Turkish economy follows a similar pattern in its relations with the Azerbaijani and the Central Asian market. Common policy goals of Turkey and the five states led Turkey to establish close foreign relations with these five regional countries. The hypothesis that the more Turkey has business interests in the Caspian Sea Region the more Turkey will have closer foreign relations with Turkic states is mostly apparent in the case of Azerbaijan. In the area of energy politics Turkey has its strongest link with Azerbaijan. Besides being strong economic partners Turkey is Azerbaijan's biggest supporter in the region against Armenia.

  3. Some man-made and natural radionuclides in the bottom sediments of the Caspian sea

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text : The aim of this study was determination Radionuclides concentration in Caspian Sea sediments in Azerbaijan sector. For the study of the distribution of radionuclides in sea sediment was chosen south-east part of Caspian Sea as investigation zone on the basis of known Sea current systems and, the probability of a relatively uniform distribution of some radionuclides. The bottom sediments collected in different parts of the Caspian Sea were analyzed for some natural and man-made radionuclides. Sample preparation was spent on standard methods. The results confirm that the extraction, transportation and production of oil production in Azerbaijan sector of Caspian Sea didn't change radionuclide background in bottom sediments and dominant source of anthropogenic radionuclides in the Sea environment is global fallout and runoff from rivers Kura and Volga

  4. Colloquium on Central Asia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This colloquium on Azerbaijan was organized by the direction of international relations of the French Senate and the French center of foreign trade (CFCE). This document gathers the interventions of the participants and the debates with the audience following these interventions. The topics treated concern: - the present day political-economical situation of Central Asia countries (problem of borders, relations with Russia and China); - the economies of Central Asia countries: short term problems and medium-term perspectives; - the relations with the European Union (political, economical, trade and investments, perspectives); - the European energy stakes of Caspian sea (oil and gas reserves, development of hydrocarbon resources, exploitation and transport constraints, stakes for Europe and France); - TotalFinaElf company in Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, enclavement problem); - the economical impacts of the TRACECA pathway (Transport Corridor Europe Caucasus Asia). (J.S.)

  5. EXISTING ELECTION SYSTEMS AND REGULATION OF DEMOCRATIC ELECTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khalil-zade F. A.

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of the principles set in the Constitution, election is the only democratic and legal way access to power. On the one hand, elections are the most widely used form of the implementation of direct power of people. On the other hand, it is the most democratic way of organizing the the state power and local government authorities. At the same time, elections are political tools for the realization of citizens’ the right to vote, and an oppartunity of assesment the state power and local government authorities. In this article, the most widespread electoral systems in the world and their application possibilities in Azerbaijan were analyzed, at the same time has been talking about the features of the election system of Azerbaijan were studied

  6. Colloquium on Central Asia; Colloque sur l'Asie centrale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-07-01

    This colloquium on Azerbaijan was organized by the direction of international relations of the French Senate and the French center of foreign trade (CFCE). This document gathers the interventions of the participants and the debates with the audience following these interventions. The topics treated concern: - the present day political-economical situation of Central Asia countries (problem of borders, relations with Russia and China); - the economies of Central Asia countries: short term problems and medium-term perspectives; - the relations with the European Union (political, economical, trade and investments, perspectives); - the European energy stakes of Caspian sea (oil and gas reserves, development of hydrocarbon resources, exploitation and transport constraints, stakes for Europe and France); - TotalFinaElf company in Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, enclavement problem); - the economical impacts of the TRACECA pathway (Transport Corridor Europe Caucasus Asia). (J.S.)

  7. BP-Statoil to study Caspian oil project; S. Korea eyes Yakut gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports that a combine of British Petroleum Co. plc and Den norske stats oljeselskap AS has agreed to pay $40 million for exclusive rights to study development of a Caspian Sea oil field off Azerbaijan and explore a nearby prospect. Meanwhile, the South Korean press said South Korea and Russia have agreed to form a joint venture to develop undisclosed gas fields in the Yakut Autonomous Republic of eastern Siberia and lay gas pipelines from Yakut to the Korean peninsula. In a 50-50 joint venture with the former Soviet republic of Azerbaijan, BP-Statoil will evaluate undeveloped Dostlug field, previously known as Kaverochkin, 75 km southeast of Baku. It also will study the adjacent Shak Deniz prospect, formerly known as Shakhovo More

  8. Nuclear terrorism and legal protection of environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    existing international practice. As is known, Azerbaijan Republic takes a special place at the turn of Europe and Asia. In territory of Azerbaijan geopolitical interests of many countries are crossed. Except for that the Caucasus, one of which important components is Azerbaijan, represents very difficult and specific region. In this territory there are zones of regional conflicts, one of which is the so-called zone of 'the conflict of Nagorny Karabakh'. Nagorny Karabakh, and also other territories of Azerbaijan that have been occupied by Armenia are outside of jurisdiction not only Azerbaijan, but also all world community, and these territories are used as a zone of transportation of narcotics and centers of preparation of terrorists for the extremist organizations. Serious threat for region is the Armenian Atomic Power Station (APS). As it has been marked above, accomplishment of acts of terrorism on nuclear objects can lead to ecological catastrophe and can put an irreparable loss to an environment and process of social development. In a case of accomplishment of act of terrorism on the Armenian APS, there can be a big ecological catastrophe in the region from which the inhabitants of Azerbaijan, Turkey, Iran, Georgia, the countries of the Near East and the Armenia will suffer. Considering all aforesaid, Azerbaijan should improve the legislation in the field of the ecological right in view of new displays of terrorism, namely in view of probability of accomplishment of acts of terrorism with use of the weapon of mass destruction, according to experience of the advanced countries. Perfection of the legislation in these areas should conduct on the basis of observance of specificity of region and answer the international conventions. Work in the field of the ecological right and struggle against terrorism, and also perfection of legislations of the Azerbaijan Republic in these areas is one of priority tasks of lawmaking of the country at the present stage

  9. Petro-States - Predatory or Developmental?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-10-01

    Political attention is increasing on the glaring contradiction in most oil-rich countries between natural abundance and economic and social misery. How can it be that oil is not a blessing, but becomes a curse? Although drawing on economic analysis (Dutch disease), the analytical framework established in this report on Angola and Azerbaijan pays special attention to political and institutional factors and concentrates on the role of the state. Selected variables that are likely to decide whether the petro-states become ''predatory'' or ''developmental'' are studied for both countries. The analysis indicates a danger that oil resources will continue to trickle away instead of trickling down to the benefit of the broader Angolan and Azerbaijani population. Concerted action by international oil companies and the Bretton Woods institutions provides the best hope of moving the present political leadership in Angola and Azerbaijan into a developmental direction. (author)

  10. The seventh eurasian conference on nuclear science and its application. Book of abstracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Many known scientists and governmental persons from Azerbaijan, Turkey, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyz Republic, Russia, Belarus, Austria took part at the seventh eurasian conference devoted to Nuclear science and its application which had a big role in considering of Nuclear activities in Azerbaijan. Conference activity has been related to nuclear energy and its facilities, materials and waste management, application of the nuclear facilities in industry and radioecology fileld, connection beetween safety, radiation doses and materials physics; properties, also concerned some other nuclear related themes like nuclear physics and chemistry. During the conference many scientific and practical proposals have been made, a lot of pictures, tables and graphics were presented. In common this book of abstracts was divided into 4 parts named : 1) Nuclear physics and chemistry; 2) Radiation science of materials; 3) Radiation technologies; 4) Radiation ecology, biology and safety

  11. Wing shape variation among central Asian populations of Calopteryx splendens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saber Sadeghi

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available We applied geometric morphometric techniques to explore the morphological variation of forewings between 10 Asian Calopteryx splendens populations including Azerbaijan, Russia, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan countries. We focused on the study of the phenetic relationships among the populations in central Asia. The results showed that the northern and western populations of Iran had the largest and smallest centroid size of the wings, respectively. In addition, differences among wing shape of the 10 studied populations of C. splendens were significant. Our results indicated that Tajikistan population has quite distinct divergence and also Turkmenistan and northern part of Iran populations both were very close each other and located in a separate clade. The Azerbaijan, Russia, Turkey, Uzbekistan, west Iran, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan populations were revealed to be more interrelated to each other, although Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan populations seems to be more closer than the other.

  12. New approach to interpret technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Caspian was the first water body in the world to experience the impacts of oil field exploration and development. Therefore, the unconditional priority of SOCAR's activity should be the provision of environmental safety and protection of natural habitats. During the recent years the development of Azerbaijan is carried out on the principles of the sustainable development concept. SOCAR is the leader of Azerbaijan economy. At present, the nature protection activity of the Company is not sufficiently efficient due to the imperfection of the environmental management and monitoring system that is often inconsistent with the existing legislation and requirements of the international standards. Described aspects of nature protection activity improvement shall benefit SOCAR's image, demonstrating the compliance of economical activity with modern international standards, allowing it to realise its responsibilities to the society ensuring public awareness of the complexity and scale of the objectives faced by SOCAR

  13. Petro-States - Predatory or Developmental?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Political attention is increasing on the glaring contradiction in most oil-rich countries between natural abundance and economic and social misery. How can it be that oil is not a blessing, but becomes a curse? Although drawing on economic analysis (Dutch disease), the analytical framework established in this report on Angola and Azerbaijan pays special attention to political and institutional factors and concentrates on the role of the state. Selected variables that are likely to decide whether the petro-states become ''predatory'' or ''developmental'' are studied for both countries. The analysis indicates a danger that oil resources will continue to trickle away instead of trickling down to the benefit of the broader Angolan and Azerbaijani population. Concerted action by international oil companies and the Bretton Woods institutions provides the best hope of moving the present political leadership in Angola and Azerbaijan into a developmental direction. (author)

  14. The impact of the real exchange rate on non-oil exports. Is there an asymmetric adjustment towards the equilibrium?

    OpenAIRE

    Fakhri Hasanov

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates the impact of the real exchange rate on the non-oil exports of the Republic of Azerbaijan in the framework of cointegration and an asymmetric error correction. Threshold and Momentum Threshold Autoregressive methods are applied over the quarterly period 2000Q1-2010Q4. The main finding of the study is that there is a long-run relationship between the variables with symmetric rather than asymmetric adjustment towards the equilibrium level.

  15. International workshop 'Effect of ionizing radiation on ecological situation of countries from Caucasian region and Caspian sea basin'. Book of abstracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The scientists from following countries took part at the international workshop: Azerbaijan, Turkey, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russia, Uzbekistan. The activity was conducted in two sections. Section A was devoted to the problems of radiation safety and natural sciences of radiation contamination in Caucasian region and Caspian sea basin, oil industry and technology and environment monitoring. Section B was devoted to the evaluation of radiation risks, radioprotectors, ecological and genetical consequences of the anthropogenic factors effect on the environment

  16. Effect of moderate aerobic cycling on some systemic inflammatory markers in healthy active collegiate men

    OpenAIRE

    Akhtari-Shojaei, Ebrahim

    2011-01-01

    Ebrahim Akhtari Shojaei1, Adalat Farajov2, Afshar Jafari31Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases Research Centre, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; 2Institute of Physiology, Baku National Academy of Sciences, Baku, Azerbaijan; 3Department of Sports Physiology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, IranBackground: Based on the inconsistency of some previous results related to moderate exercise effects on systemic inflammatory responses, thi...

  17. Association of the Interleukin-2 gene polymorphism with egg performance in a native turkey population

    OpenAIRE

    Erfaniasl Zahra; Hashemi Ali; Zarringhabaie Ghorban Elyasi; Farhadian Mohammad

    2015-01-01

    Interleukin-2 (IL2) is a powerful growth factor for a variety of cell types, including T-cells, and therefore plays a crucial role in immune system's functioning. Polymorphism of the Interleukin-2 gene in west Azerbaijan native turkey was investigated using PCR and single-stranded conformation polymorphism technique (SSCP). Genomic DNA of 185 turkey samples was isolated from whole blood. A 523-bp IL2 second exon with part of the third intron segment was amp...

  18. Bioecological features and corrective properties of Achillea filipendulina Lam., Calendula officinalis L. and Hypericum perforatum L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elshan Shamilov

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The study is devoted to investigations on bioecological features and corrective properties of two species from the family Asteraceae Dumort. (Achillea filipendulina Lam. and Calendula officinalisL. and one species from the family Hypericaceae Juss. (Hypericum perforatumL. which are growing in the flora of Azerbaijan. It has revealed that the extract obtained from the collection of these plants shows corrective influence.

  19. ABD-İRAN YAKINLAŞMASI VE KIRIM GERGİNLİĞİ ORTAMINDA TÜRKİYE’NİN ENERJİ TEDARİKİNDE AZERBAYCAN, İRAN VE IRAK’IN ARTAN ÖNEMİ: DIŞ TİCARET VE ENERJİ İLİŞKİLERİ AÇISINDAN YENİ FIRSATLAR (MI?)

    OpenAIRE

    Üzümcü, Adem; Topal, Samet

    2015-01-01

    which are dependent on Russia in natural gas import, Crimea tension with Russia has been maintaned. In the framework, Turkey, having strong foreign trade and energy relations with Azerbaijan will renew its energy and foreign trade relations with Iran and will solve problems such as transport of Northern Iraq oil with the Baghdad based Shiite government in Iraq which became the second most important foreign market of Turkey. The foreign trade increase of Turkey with all these countries...

  20. Effects of Nano Fertilizer Application and Maternal Corm Weight on Flowering at Some Saffron (Crocus sativus L.) Ecotypes

    OpenAIRE

    Amirnia, Reza; Bayat, Mahdi; TAJBAKHSH, Mahdi

    2014-01-01

    To develop saffron planting in Urmia, West Azerbaijan, Iran, a split-split plot experiment based on CRBD was carried out in the Urmia University's research farm for two years . Nanofertilizers (Fe, P, K and nofertilizer (control)) as main plots, saffron ecotypes (Mashhad, Torbat-Heydarieh, Torbat-jam, Gonabad, Ghaen and Birjand) as subplots and maternal corm weight (6, 8, 10 and 12 g) as sub-sub plots were considered. Throughout the two years of the study, results showed significant differenc...

  1. Normativní moc Evropské unie v Ázerbájdžánu

    OpenAIRE

    Kotásková, Tereza

    2015-01-01

    Azerbaijan presents itself as a country with an independent foreign policy, refusing European requirements for democratic reforms within the Eastern Partnership. Yet, the European Union keeps developing mutual relations, especially in the field of energy cooperation. The EU has been criticized for betraying its fundamental values of democracy and human rights, and doubts arise if the EU can represent a normative power, as described by Ian Manners in 2002. This master thesis therefore analyzes...

  2. AZERBAIJAN’S BALANCED FOREIGN POLICY TRAPPED IN A VOLATILE GEOPOLITICAL CONTEXT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabina STRIMBOVSCHI

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Following a study visit in Baku, the author exposes in this paper some of the research results, being also embedded the opinions of Azerbaijanis experts that were interviewed. The aim is to perform an analysis on the evolution of Azerbaijani state interpreted both from the European and Azerbaijani perspective. On the one hand, it is approached the development of the Republic of Azerbaijan after the collapse of Soviet Union and the way the Nagorno-Karabakh unsolved conflict has influenced Azerbaijan’s foreign policy. On the other hand, it is researched the manner in which the European Union – Azerbaijan relations have evolved since 1991, but especially once the Eastern Partnership has been created. Considering the fundamental purpose of the European Neighborhood Union, to ensure security, stability and prosperity in the EU’s vicinity, it is analyzed the impact of two multilateral platforms within the Eastern Partnership (Democracy, good governance and stability, and Energy security was achieved on the Republic of Azerbaijan. At the same time, it is investigated whether the European Union should accept an authoritarian leadership, as a legitimate actor and partner on the international stage just because the EU has a strategic interest to diversify its energy sources and, eventually, reduce the dependence on Russian Federation, or it should change its approach and adopt a firmer stance. Last but not least, are revealed the geopolitical frictions in the South Caucasus region and the reasons for which Azerbaijan tries to maintain its status as a sovereign and independent country, avoiding to ally with any geopolitical bloc, but opting for economic, energy and military cooperation with both sides.

  3. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE SELF-ESTEEM AND TELEVISION VIEWING HABITS OF ADOLESCENTS

    OpenAIRE

    Aliyev, B; Turkmen, A

    2014-01-01

    Televisions are ubiquitous in Azerbaijan homes. Adolescents have far greater access to television than ever before with far less monitoring by caregivers. Most adolescent view an average of 3-4 hours of television a day and fi rst develop program preferences at age 2. In addition the nature of televi- sion programming has changed. One shift has been the increase in frequency and intensity of sexual and violent acts on television. Cable services offer programs with even more frequent and more ...

  4. Patient Safety in Medical Education: Students’ Perceptions, Knowledge and Attitudes

    OpenAIRE

    Bahram Nabilou; Aram Feizi; Hesam Seyedin

    2015-01-01

    Patient safety is a new and challenging discipline in the Iranian health care industry. Among the challenges for patient safety improvement, education of medical and paramedical students is intimidating. The present study was designed to assess students' perceptions of patient safety, and their knowledge and attitudes to patient safety education. This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted in 2012 at Urmia University of Medical Sciences, West Azerbaijan province, Iran. 134 students st...

  5. Three new species from the subfamily Phyllocoptinae (Acari, Trombidiformes, Eriophyidae in Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parisa Lotfollahi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Three new eriophyid species (Phyllocoptinae, Shevtchenkella denticulata sp. n., Notallus pestehae sp. n. and Echinacrus ruthenicus sp. n., were described from Eryngium thyrsoideum Boiss. (Apiaceae, Pistacia vera L. (Anacardiaceae and Lycium ruthenicum Murray (Solanaceae, respectively. All the three new species were collected from southwest of the East Azerbaijan province, Iran in 2011. It is the first record of an eriophyoid mite collected from E. thyrsoideum and L. ruthenicum and the first record of Notallus from Anacardiaceae plant family.

  6. Three new species from the subfamily Phyllocoptinae (Acari, Trombidiformes, Eriophyidae) in Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lotfollahi, Parisa; de Lillo, Enrico; Irani-Nejad, Karim Haddad

    2014-01-01

    Three new eriophyid species (Phyllocoptinae), Shevtchenkella denticulata sp. n., Notallus pestehae sp. n. and Echinacrus ruthenicus sp. n., were described from Eryngium thyrsoideum Boiss. (Apiaceae), Pistacia vera L. (Anacardiaceae) and Lycium ruthenicum Murray (Solanaceae), respectively. All the three new species were collected from southwest of the East Azerbaijan province, Iran in 2011. It is the first record of an eriophyoid mite collected from E. thyrsoideum and L. ruthenicum and the first record of Notallus from Anacardiaceae plant family. PMID:25147456

  7. Three new species from the subfamily Phyllocoptinae (Acari, Trombidiformes, Eriophyidae) in Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Parisa Lotfollahi; Enrico de Lillo; Karim Haddad Irani-Nejad

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Three new eriophyid species (Phyllocoptinae), Shevtchenkella denticulata sp. n., Notallus pestehae sp. n. and Echinacrus ruthenicus sp. n., were described from Eryngium thyrsoideum Boiss. (Apiaceae), Pistacia vera L. (Anacardiaceae) and Lycium ruthenicum Murray (Solanaceae), respectively. All the three new species were collected from southwest of the East Azerbaijan province, Iran in 2011. It is the first record of an eriophyoid mite collected from E. thyrsoideum and L. ruthenicum an...

  8. Children Malnutrition in Northwestern, Central and Southern Regions of Iran: Does Geographic Location Matter?

    OpenAIRE

    Saeidlou, Sakineh Nouri; Babaei, Fariba; Ayremlou, Parvin

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Malnutrition is one of the most important morbidity and mortality causes in children. In comparison with healthy children malnourished children are at higher risk of illness and death as 60 percent of more than 7 million deaths in children aged less than five years are attributed to the malnutrition. The present study is intended to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in West Azerbaijan and compare with Kermanshah and Isfahan provinces. Materials and Methods: The current su...

  9. Central Asia's comparative advantage in international trade

    OpenAIRE

    Lücke, Matthias; Rothert, Jacek

    2006-01-01

    This paper outlines a strategy for identifying the pattern of Central Asia’s comparative advantage in international trade, based on factor prices and transport costs, historical production patterns, and recent trends in the geographical and product composition of Central Asian trade. The paper focuses on Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan, along with Azerbaijan and Mongolia. A country’s comparative advantage cannot be determined at the level of individual industries o...

  10. Current State and Prospects of the Russian Energy Sector

    OpenAIRE

    Vasily Astrov

    2010-01-01

    Russia and four other CIS countries - Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan - are important energy producers and possess substantial reserves, particularly as far as natural gas is concerned. Russia alone accommodates about one quarter of the global gas reserves and has established itself - along with Saudi Arabia - as one of the world's two leading oil exporters. However, Russia's relations with OPEC so far have been largely a history of non-cooperation, and the prospects of fu...

  11. GUAM AND THE PRC

    OpenAIRE

    Jinguo, Wang; Zhizun, Wang

    2008-01-01

    The GUAM organization was officially founded as a political, economic, and strategic union called upon to strengthen the sovereignty of four former Soviet republics-Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, and Moldova. In the ten years of its existence, GUAM has become an important structure striving to consolidate regional economic cooperation by developing the Europe-Caucasus-Asia transportation corridor. GUAM has also been a forum for discussing security problems, helping to settle conflicts, and eli...

  12. Gender Statistics in the Southern Caucasus and Central and West Asia: A Situational Analysis Promoting Gender-Inclusive Growth in Central and West Asian Developing Member Countries

    OpenAIRE

    Asian Development Bank (ADB)

    2012-01-01

    This report provides a baseline of the capacity of Asian Development Bank developing member countries to generate, analyze, disseminate, and use sex-disaggregated data. It introduces a framework on gender statistics and guides in assessing statistical systems in the Southern Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia), Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan), and West Asia (Afghanistan, Pakistan). It recommends ways to bridge the gaps in gender data collec...

  13. Microbiological and Chemical Quality of Water in Food Industries with Low Content of Water at End Products

    OpenAIRE

    Sh Nazmara; A Ostadrahimi; H Taghipour; M Mosaferi

    2009-01-01

    "n "nBackground and Objectives: In the production of some high-consumed food products like cake, biscuit, chocolate and spaghetti water is used in the preparing of primary material and in the kneading processes. At the present study microbiological and chemical quality of consumed water in food industries of East Azerbaijan Province were studied."nMaterials and Methods: Eleven factories with different products were selected. Water samples were collected and analyzed regarding the microbiologi...

  14. ISLAM IN POLYCONFESSIONAL DAGHESTAN

    OpenAIRE

    Buttaeva, Asiat

    2012-01-01

    The Republic of Daghestan is the largest of the North Caucasian republics in terms of territory (50.3 thousand sq km) and population size (2.1 million). It borders on five states in the south of Russia: Azerbaijan and Georgia on land and Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Iran across the Caspian. It has administrative borders with the Stavropol Territory, Kalmykia, and Chechnia. The incredible confessional and ethnic diversity of Daghestan is also a result of its very specific history and no less ...

  15. QUALITY OF RECREATIONAL SPORTS AND NEEDS OF WEST AZARBAIJAN PROVINCE SPORT FACILITY

    OpenAIRE

    Mehrdad Moharramzadeh; Reza Talaie

    2011-01-01

    Study to assess the quality of recreational and sporting needs of places in Western Azerbaijanprovince pays the study based on time; present oriented; and practical purpose of collecting databased on how descriptive and field studies of reading and Theoretical Evaluation quality ofrecreational and sporting needs of places in Western Azerbaijan province was conducted.Research data showed. Overall safety of the spectators standing; overall health status related tosafety; overall safety and over...

  16. Ethnic and Religious Roots of Regional Conflicts in the Caucasus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    A. I. Mustafayeva; V. Q. Mammadov; M. P. Zeynalov

    2012-01-01

    Throughout history, people have had to deal with conflict. Today they are like a metastasis of malignant tumors affecting the central nervous system of intemational relations. For centuries, people have tried to create theoretical models of a conflict-free society and to actualize them. Unfortunately, they have all failed and even more violent conflicts ensued. This is particularly relevant to Azerbaijan, a territory which has undergone many different guises over the centuries.

  17. Evaluation of Accessibility of Iodinated Salt and Nutritional Iodine Status during Pregnancy

    OpenAIRE

    R. Rostami; Beiranvand, A; HR Khakhali; S Salary; Aghasi, MR; Nourooz-Zadeh, J

    2012-01-01

    Background: To assess accessibility of iodinated salt and urinary iodine concentrations (UIC) during pregnancy. This cross-sectional study was carried out between October and December, 2009 in Urmia County, West Azerbaijan (WA), Iran. Methods: Data on demographic characteristics and iodinated salt accessibility were gathered through a questionnaire at 1st trimester. Household salt samples and urine samples (1st –and 3rd trimesters) were analyzed for iodine content. Pregnant women (n=490) at 1...

  18. Influence of Dutch Disease to International Trade of Venezuela

    OpenAIRE

    Karimov, Hamid

    2015-01-01

    This thesis proves that Venezuela is going through the so called and shows all the effects of this disease to international trade indicators and finally evaluates which proposal how to help Venezuela to deal with it is most in line with the empirical data from World Bank and FRED. All the empirical evidences for Dutch disease worldwide effects are demonstrated on Oman, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Ghana and Norway. The hypothesis about influences of Dutch disease on international trade of Venezuel...

  19. Neolithic patrilineal signals indicate that the Armenian plateau was repopulated by agriculturalists

    OpenAIRE

    Herrera, Kristian J; Lowery, Robert K; Hadden, Laura; Calderon, Silvia; Chiou, Carolina; Yepiskoposyan, Levon; Regueiro, Maria; Underhill, Peter A; Herrera, Rene J

    2011-01-01

    Armenia, situated between the Black and Caspian Seas, lies at the junction of Turkey, Iran, Georgia, Azerbaijan and former Mesopotamia. This geographic position made it a potential contact zone between Eastern and Western civilizations. In this investigation, we assess Y-chromosomal diversity in four geographically distinct populations that represent the extent of historical Armenia. We find a striking prominence of haplogroups previously implicated with the Agricultural Revolution in the Nea...

  20. The Members of the Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document lists the 132 Member States of the Agency as of 1 June 2001. The new Members since the last issue of the list (INFCIRC/2/53) are Central African Republic and Azerbaijan. The dates on which the present 132 Member States became Members are given in an Attachment. It also shows the States whose application for membership of the Agency has been approved by the General Conference but which has not yet deposited an instrument of acceptance of the Statute

  1. World review: Asia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The article gives information on contracts announced (and to whom) throughout Asia in all aspects of the petroleum, natural gas and petrochemicals industries. Countries specifically mentioned are Australia, Azerbaijan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkmenistan and Vietnam. It is expected that soon after 2000, oil demand in Southeast Asia will resume growth at 4-5% per annum and demand for petroleum products in China will more than double by 2010

  2. Iran funds dam completion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Iran has signed a contract with unnamed foreign financiers for US$300M to fund two half-finished dam schemes, according to Tehran radio. The schemes are the Ostur dam in Mianeh in East Azerbaijan province and the Molla Sadra dam in Fars province. The Ostur dam will have a storage capacity of 2B m3 and a 160 MW hydro power station.

  3. INDIA AND GUAM: A STRATEGIC OUTLOOK

    OpenAIRE

    Dhaka, Ambrish

    2008-01-01

    Post-Soviet Europe-Asia is reminiscent of an organizational mosaic with many regional groups emerging around Russia, both favoring and challenging its dominance in Eurasia. GUAM (later GUUAM) was one of the early geopolitical formations after the collapse of the Soviet Union. The four former Soviet states of Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, and Moldova were encouraged by the 1996 CFE Treaty of the Conference held in Vienna to form an identity opposed to Russia. The geopolitical significance of t...

  4. New record and new associations of two leaf miner parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Microgastrinae from Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Žikić V.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, two braconid species were reared on leaf miners collected from the vicinity of Shahin Dezh, West Azerbaijan province (northwest of Iran. Apanteles corvinus Reinhard was reared on Leucoptera malifoliella (Costa (Lepidoptera: Lyonetidae on apple and Protapanteles liparidis (Bouchй was reared on Phyllonorycter populifoliella (Treitschke on Populus. This is the first report of A. corvinus from Iran and of the new trophic association of P. liparidis with poplar leaf miner, P. populifoliella.

  5. Genetic landscape of populations along the Silk Road: admixture and migration patterns

    OpenAIRE

    Mezzavilla, Massimo; Vozzi, Diego; Pirastu, Nicola; Girotto, Giorgia; D’Adamo, Pio; Gasparini, Paolo; Colonna, Vincenza

    2014-01-01

    Background The ancient Silk Road has been a trading route between Europe and Central Asia from the 2nd century BCE to the 15th century CE. While most populations on this route have been characterized, the genetic background of others remains poorly understood, and little is known about past migration patterns. The scientific expedition “Marco Polo” has recently collected genetic and phenotypic data in six regions (Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan) along the Sil...

  6. Energy efficiency of the oil transportation processes and alternative energy use

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text : The energy efficiency of the transportation processes of Azerbaijan oil by pipelines on Western routes has been assessed. It was shown that the surface facilities of oil pipelines in many cases, the power supply is realized through autonomous energy sources. This report dedicated to analysis of organic fuel combustion processes in the autonomic generators and turbogenerators, definition of energy efficiency of these facilities. The facilities are grouped by energy capacity

  7. Flora of heavy metal-rich soils in NW Iran and some potential hyper-accumulator and accumulator species

    OpenAIRE

    Hajiboland, Roghieh; Manafi, Mir H.

    2007-01-01

    In the northwestern part of Iran (Azerbaijan province), there are numerous, active mining areas with heavymetal-rich soils. The plant vegetation growing on these soils could represent a specific flora having potential hyperaccumulators, accumulators and excluder species. In this work, soils rich in Ni, Zn, Cu andMn and plants were identified during April to September in 2002–2003. Plant species belonging to 39 families were collected and the heavy metals in the above-ground parts of specimens...

  8. CWRD: ICT in Education: Central and West Asia Executive

    OpenAIRE

    Asian Development Bank (ADB)

    2012-01-01

    This publication presents and analyzes the major conclusions of research conducted in Central and West Asia in 2006 through 2011 to ascertain the impact of information and communications technology (ICT) investments on education. It presents a critical overview of the effectiveness of ICT policies and strategies in basic education in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan, with shorter studies on Afghanistan, Armenia, Georgia, and Pakistan. Among its many impo...

  9. Takam, herald of Nowruz in Taleshan of Guilan

    OpenAIRE

    Panahi A; Mohsini F.

    2014-01-01

    Takamgardani is one of the celebrations and rituals to welcome Nowruz, which is performed to welcome New Year and renewal in nature. This imported show from Azerbaijan and especially Ardabil area has entered Talesh area and then has been performed palely in other areas. Since goat has an ancient root in Persian mythology and belief, some consider ancient history for it. Takam is male goat which is a musical puppet show in which Takamgardan, based on appropriate time and social situation, s...

  10. Genome diversity and evidence of recombination and reassortment in nanoviruses from Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grigoras, Ioana; Ginzo, Ana Isabel del Cueto; Martin, Darren P; Varsani, Arvind; Romero, Javier; Mammadov, Alamdar Ch; Huseynova, Irada M; Aliyev, Jalal A; Kheyr-Pour, Ahmed; Huss, Herbert; Ziebell, Heiko; Timchenko, Tatiana; Vetten, Heinrich-Josef; Gronenborn, Bruno

    2014-05-01

    The recent identification of a new nanovirus, pea necrotic yellow dwarf virus, from pea in Germany prompted us to survey wild and cultivated legumes for nanovirus infections in several European countries. This led to the identification of two new nanoviruses: black medic leaf roll virus (BMLRV) and pea yellow stunt virus (PYSV), each considered a putative new species. The complete genomes of a PYSV isolate from Austria and three BMLRV isolates from Austria, Azerbaijan and Sweden were sequenced. In addition, the genomes of five isolates of faba bean necrotic yellows virus (FBNYV) from Azerbaijan and Spain and those of four faba bean necrotic stunt virus (FBNSV) isolates from Azerbaijan were completely sequenced, leading to the first identification of FBNSV occurring in Europe. Sequence analyses uncovered evolutionary relationships, extensive reassortment and potential remnants of mixed nanovirus infections, as well as intra- and intercomponent recombination events within the nanovirus genomes. In some virus isolates, diverse types of the same genome component (paralogues) were observed, a type of genome complexity not described previously for any member of the family Nanoviridae. Moreover, infectious and aphid-transmissible nanoviruses from cloned genomic DNAs of FBNYV and BMLRV were reconstituted that, for the first time, allow experimental reassortments for studying the genome functions and evolution of these nanoviruses. PMID:24515973

  11. Mineral wealth and the economic transition: Kazakhstan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The exploitation of mineral wealth can amplify the problems of the transition economies in three basic ways. First, the rebound of the real exchange rate that characterises a successful transition may be augmented by the capital inflow required to expand mineral production. This can cause both recession in the short-run and lower growth in the medium-term. Second, when the mineral revenues expand, the Dutch Disease effects may intensify the transition-related shrinkage of the non-mining tradable sector, thereby retarding economic diversification and rendering the economy vulnerable to external shocks. Third, a mineral boom tends to concentrate revenue on the government, which may use it to postpone difficult decisions on economic reform and/or dissipate the revenue due to weak financial markets and inadequate public accountability. Kazakhstan, like oil-rich Azerbaijan, is a late reformer and displays evidence of a faster transition rebound than other less resource-rich countries in the CIS do. However, Kazakhstan has two advantages over Azerbaijan. First, Kazakhstan has a more diversified mineral endowment with which to counter any trend towards single commodity specialization. Second, Kazakhstan is making a later start on oil expansion so that it can learn from the experience of Azerbaijan. Priorities for Kazakhstan are the continuation of prudent economic policies, the creation of institutions to enhance the transparency of the revenue flows, and the use of environmental accounting to provide a rationale for the deployment of the oil rents. (author)

  12. Emerging nuclear security issues for transit countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Tragic events of September eleventh have made nuclear terrorism dangers more evident. In the light of increased terrorism preventing the spread of nuclear and nuclear related items as well as radioactive materials that can be used for production so-called 'dirty bomb'is an urgent global claim. Nuclear Security issues cover multiple aspects of the security and first of all the threat from nuclear terrorism, detection and protection of illicit trafficking of nuclear materials and other radioactive sources, legal shipment of such type materials as well as nuclear related dual use items. In the face of emerging threats the prevention of proliferation by the development of effective national system of nuclear export controls is hugely important for transit countries like Azerbaijan with underdeveloped export controls and strategic locations along trade and smuggling routes between nuclear suppliers States and countries attempting to develop nuclear weapons or any nuclear explosive devices. Thus, in the face of increasing international threat from nuclear terrorism the role and place of Azerbaijan Republic in the struggle against terrorism increases. In this context it is very important to establish effective national capabilities for detection and prevention of illicit trafficking of radioactive and nuclear materials as well as nuclear related dual use items across Azerbaijan's borders. One of the ways for enhancing and strengthening existing activities in this field is carrying out joint actions between scientists and enforcement officials in order to improve knowledge of the front-line customs and border guard inspectors concerning multiple aspects of Nuclear Security

  13. Sleep paralysis in medieval Persia – the Hidayat of Akhawayni (? –983 AD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Golzari SE

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Samad EJ Golzari,1 Kazem Khodadoust,5 Farid Alakbarli,6 Kamyar Ghabili,2 Ziba Islambulchilar,3 Mohammadali M Shoja,1 Majid Khalili,1 Feridoon Abbasnejad,1 Niloufar Sheikholeslamzadeh,7 Nasrollah Moghaddam Shahabi,4 Seyed Fazel Hosseini,2 Khalil Ansarin11Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences; 2Medical Philosophy and History Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences; 3Department of Pharmaceutics, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences; 4Students' Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; 5Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences; 6Institute of Manuscripts of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Baku, Azerbaijan; 7Faculty of Law, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, IranAbstract: Among the first three manuscripts written in Persian, Akhawayni's Hidayat al-muta`allemin fi al-tibb was the most significant work compiled in the 10th century. Along with the hundreds of chapters on hygiene, anatomy, physiology, symptoms and treatments of the diseases of various organs, there is a chapter on sleep paralysis (night-mare prior to description and treatment of epilepsy. The present article is a review of the Akhawayni's teachings on sleep paralysis and of descriptions and treatments of sleep paralysis by the Greek, medieval, and Renaissance scholars. Akhawayni's descriptions along with other early writings provide insight into sleep paralysis during the Middle Ages in general and in Persia in particular.Keywords: sleep paralysis, night-mare, Akhawayni, Persia

  14. THE SURVEY OF RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CREATIVITY OF STAFFS AND ORGANIZATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS (Case study of: The East Azarbaijan province and Ardebil Province Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tavakkol Salimi Maghvan

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this research was to investigate the relationship between employee creativity and organizational effectiveness in educational organizations of East Azerbaijan and Ardabil provinces. This investigation was an applied research using a descriptive methodology with correlation tests. The statistical population for this research included all employees of East Azerbaijan and Ardabil provinces in 2010, comprising 45 and 19 departments, respectively, or a total of 64 departments. Using Morgan table for estimation of sample size, and according to random sampling method, 56 departments (29 and 17 departments, respectively with 297 employees (179 and 118 employees, respectively were selected, and were tested using simple random technique. Data collection was performed using two questionnaires, for which validity and reliability testing had been performed previously. The creativity questionnaire was filled by organizational employees, while the organizational effectiveness questionnaire was filled by executives of educational departments. In this research, according to the objectives of the research, descriptive statistics was used for creation of frequency tables and charts and computation of suitable central indices, while the study hypothesis was tested using Pearson’s correlation test. The results of this investigation showed that there is a statistically significant relationship between employee creativity and organizational effectiveness in educational departments of East Azerbaijan and Ardabil provinces (p < 0.05.

  15. The Impact of Turkey’s Domestic Resources on the Turkic Republics of the Caspian Sea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyma Akkoyunlu

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines how Turkey’s domestic resources, which are Turkey’s historical, cultural and political relations with the Turkic states and Turkey’s economic interests in the region, affect Turkey’s foreign relations with Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Findings show that the Turkic Republics’ interest in Turkish development model gradually declined starting from the 1994s. The hypothesis that the stronger socio-cultural ties between Turkey and the Turkic states are the closer the foreign relations are between Turkey and the Turkic states is applicable to all five republics. In the field of business the study finds that Turkish economy follows a similar pattern in its relations with the Azerbaijani and the Central Asian market. Common policy goals of Turkey and the five states led Turkey to establish close foreign relations with these five regional countries. The hypothesis that the more Turkey has business interests in the Caspian Sea Region the more Turkey will have closer foreign relations with Turkic states is mostly apparent in the case of Azerbaijan. In the area of energy politics Turkey has its strongest link with Azerbaijan. Besides being strong economic partners Turkey is Azerbaijan’s biggest supporter in the region against Armenia.

  16. The legislation of CIS countries on the issue of genetically modified products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mammadov, Vugar; Mustafayeva, Aytan

    2011-12-01

    Genetic engineering is a fast-moving research field that produces many achievements, including genetically modified organisms, which are used during the production of food products. Recent decades have shown that scientists, policy makers and the general public cannot reach a consensus about the benefits and hazards of genetically modified food products. Opinions are so different, and both sides are so well-grounded, that it is not easy to reach a conclusion about this scientific achievement. Nevertheless, food security is one of the main objectives of the state, which is responsible for providing safe food products to its own citizens in the marketplace. This is why states are interested in reviewing these scientific achievements, in terms of the state's national interests and the security of its citizens. This article sets forth: (1) the main advantages and disadvantages of genetically modified products; (2) the role of national legislation in the control of food security; and (3) the attitude toward genetically modified products in the national legislatures of CIS countries. Taking these points into account, the authors come to the conclusion that actual Azerbaijan law is not responding to the changes, which have taken place in recent decades, in development of the world market and technological conditions in the production of food products. This provides the basis to conclude that, in actual conditions, the rights ofAzerbaijan citizens to the safety of food products are not well protected. At the end of this article, the authors make recommendations about the necessity of amendments to the legislation in their own country, towards the goal of greater control over such products in Azerbaijan. PMID:22397180

  17. The legislation of CIS countries on the issue of genetically modified products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mammadov, Vugar; Mustafayeva, Aytan

    2011-12-01

    Genetic engineering is a fast-moving research field that produces many achievements, including genetically modified organisms, which are used during the production of food products. Recent decades have shown that scientists, policy makers and the general public cannot reach a consensus about the benefits and hazards of genetically modified food products. Opinions are so different, and both sides are so well-grounded, that it is not easy to reach a conclusion about this scientific achievement. Nevertheless, food security is one of the main objectives of the state, which is responsible for providing safe food products to its own citizens in the marketplace. This is why states are interested in reviewing these scientific achievements, in terms of the state's national interests and the security of its citizens. This article sets forth: (1) the main advantages and disadvantages of genetically modified products; (2) the role of national legislation in the control of food security; and (3) the attitude toward genetically modified products in the national legislatures of CIS countries. Taking these points into account, the authors come to the conclusion that actual Azerbaijan law is not responding to the changes, which have taken place in recent decades, in development of the world market and technological conditions in the production of food products. This provides the basis to conclude that, in actual conditions, the rights ofAzerbaijan citizens to the safety of food products are not well protected. At the end of this article, the authors make recommendations about the necessity of amendments to the legislation in their own country, towards the goal of greater control over such products in Azerbaijan.

  18. Trans Anadolu Dogal Gaz Boru Hattı Projesinin Ekonomik ve Stratejik Beklentileri

    OpenAIRE

    Elchin SULEYMANOV; Hasanov, Fakhri; Nuri Aras, Osman

    2013-01-01

    The Republic of Azerbaijan is one of the oil and gas rich countires of the former Soviet Union. After the second stage of the Shah Deniz gas field, natural gas exltation and exportation became one of the key issues in Azerbaijan’s oil and gas stategy. Diversification of the oil and gas transportation is key issue for Azerbaijan’s energy security policy. In this regard, TANAP is one of the important project after Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline. TANAP is proposed natural gas pipeline for tran...

  19. The radioprotector properties of fruit new-perspective form of sea-buckthorn

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text : Recently in order to protect organisms from the radiation effect, radioprotectors have been applied principally concerning to sulfur compounds, aminothioles and indolilalkins. Although the achievements obtained in the direction of synthetic medicines reveal that they cannot completely replace the medicinal preparation of natural origin. Azerbaijan is considered as one of the richest countries for its flora species richness. The plants with essence oil are potential radio protectors. In the article it is intended to prepare aerosol, consisted of essence oils and lipid mixtures, for respiratory system treatment in extreme conditions having radiation threat

  20. Savremeno naoružanje i vojna oprema za br. 2-2015 / Modern weapons and military equipment for issue 2-2105 / Современное вооружение и военное оборудование за но. 2-2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragan M. Vučković

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Azerbejdžan razvija borbeno vozilo ZKDM, Vatromet: Artiljerijski raketni sistemi (ARS dobijaju veći domet i veću preciznost, Iran prikazuje modernizovane rakete Falaq-1 i Falaq-2, TOS-1A valja rusku vatrenu moć, Iran otkriva raketu zemlja-vazduh Bavar-373, Novi top za ruski tenk Armata. / Azerbaijan developing ZKDM combat vehicle, Fire works, ARS seek greater range and accuracy, Iran shows updated Falaq-1 and Falaq-2 rockets, TOS-1A advances Russian firepower, Iran reveals its Bavar-373 SAM, New gun shapes up for Russian MBT.

  1. Savremeno naoružanje i vojna oprema za br. 2-2015 / Modern weapons and military equipment for issue 2-2105 / Современное вооружение и военное оборудование за но. 2-2015

    OpenAIRE

    Dragan M. Vučković

    2015-01-01

    Azerbejdžan razvija borbeno vozilo ZKDM, Vatromet: Artiljerijski raketni sistemi (ARS) dobijaju veći domet i veću preciznost, Iran prikazuje modernizovane rakete Falaq-1 i Falaq-2, TOS-1A valja rusku vatrenu moć, Iran otkriva raketu zemlja-vazduh Bavar-373, Novi top za ruski tenk Armata. / Azerbaijan developing ZKDM combat vehicle, Fire works, ARS seek greater range and accuracy, Iran shows updated Falaq-1 and Falaq-2 rockets, TOS-1A advances Russian firepower, Iran reveals its Bavar-373 SAM...

  2. Profiles of the petroleum sectors in Caspian region countries and the potential for a new Caspian to Middle East Gulf export line through Iran

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Surveys of the petroleum sectors of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan are provided which are background to the proposal for a new export pipeline. A petroleum export line from the Caspian via Iran to the middle East Gulf would have many advantages. It would improve the security of supply of Caspian oil, it would improve social stability in the region and it would encourage additional oil exploration and possibly upgrading of Caspian region refineries. A detailed comparison is provided between the petroleum production potential for the Middle East and for the Caspian region. Two options for export pipelines through Iran are described. (Author)

  3. Effects of low-molecular-weight organic acids on phosphorus sorption characteristics in some calcareous soils

    OpenAIRE

    MORADI, Neda; SADAGHIANI, Mir Hassan RASOULI; SEPEHR, Ebrahim

    2012-01-01

    Understanding the role of organic acids in phosphorus sorption in soils is very important for economic and environmentally friendly management of soil P. Thus, calcareous surface soils (0-30 cm) from West Azerbaijan Province, Iran, were sampled to study the effect of different organic acids on P sorption. Soil samples (2.5 g) were equilibrated with 25 mL of 0.01 M CaCl2 solution containing 0-20 mg P L-1 and 5 mmol L-1 of different organic acids (citric, oxalic, and malic acid). The sorption d...

  4. Azerbaijani Turkic speaking English language teachers’ attitudes towards the use of their students’ mother tongue in English classes

    OpenAIRE

    Davud Kuhi; Molood Abdolvash

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated the attitudes of a group of Azerbaijani teachers towards the use of L1 in their teaching process. For these purpose 40 Azerbaijani-Turkic EFL teachers of different high schools in Eastern Azerbaijan, Iran was randomly selected. The teachers were from both male and female gender groups. Some of them held BA and some of them held MA degrees in TEFL. Their ages varied from 25 to 50 and their teaching experiences varied from 6 to 25 years and their places of teaching were ...

  5. We Need More Focus On Pre-Disaster Preparedness: Early Lessons Learned From Recent Earthquakes in Northwest of Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Abdolreza Shaghaghi

    2012-01-01

    Dear Editor-in-ChiefTwo strong earthquakes with the magnitude of 6.4 and 6.3 at a depth of 9.9 km that rattled Iran’s northwest region within 60 km of Tabriz, the capital city of East Azerbaijan province on August 11, 2012 caused extensive damage in about 1000 villages, killed at least 258 and injured 1380 people. The quakes most severely affected villages close to three impacted towns in the disaster area; Varzegan, Ahar and Heris. Some of the villages were hit are in remote areas with limit...

  6. “In the army, regardless of ethnicity or faith, those who are part of the collective should fulfill their public service”– Interview with Sergei Mel’kov, Co-chairman of the Association of Military Politologists, Moscow, 8 October 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabeth Sieca-Kozlowski

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available PIPSS.ORG – Based on prognoses about the growth of the Muslim population in Russia over the next 20 years, both Western and Russian demographers predict an increase of Muslim recruits in the army. I understand this issue arose under Brezhnev and then faded away with the collapse of the USSR, since Azerbaijan and the Central Asian Republics ceased to be part of the USSR. Today with the growth of the Muslim population this question has arisen again. Is there data on this issue?Sergei Mel’kov: T...

  7. Russia’s backyard – unresolved conflicts in the Caucasus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonnleitner Dominik

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The Caucasus played a prominent role in the Russian foreign policy for a long time, which has not changed since the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Beginning with four general hypothesis about Russia’s interests in its “near abroad” the essays gives an insights in the current status and developments in the relations between Russia and its southern neighbors Armenia, Georgia and Azerbaijan. A special focus is on the frozen conflicts in South Ossetia and Naghorno-Karabakh and Russia’s role in these conflicts.

  8. Liquid-phase aerobic oxidation of petroleum hydrocarbons in the presence of crand Co-complexes

    OpenAIRE

    AFANDIYEVA LALA MAHAMMAD; ABBASOV VAGIF MAHARRAM; ISMAILOV ETIBAR HUMMAT; ALIYEVA NUSHABA MUSA; SULEYMANOVA SAMIRA ABBAS

    2016-01-01

    The liquid-phase aerobic oxidation of the hydrocarbons of naphthenic-paraffinic concentrate with boiling temperature 217-349 оС of diesel fraction of Azerbaijan oil in the presence of Cr salt of natural petroleum acids and their mixtures with pentanuclear complexes of Cr and Co was carried out. The increased yields of synthetic petroleum acids in the case of mixed Cr and Co complexes are observed. The yield of petroleum acids and activity of catalysts as a function of the composition of the c...

  9. The bees of the genus Colletes Latreille (Hymenoptera: Colletidae) of the Caucasus region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuhlmann, Michael; Proshchalykin, Maxim Yu

    2016-01-01

    Information about bees of the genus Colletes in the Caucasus region is summarized. Two new species are described from Azerbaijan: Colletes jovel Kuhlmann & Proshchalykin, sp. nov. and C. longimala Kuhlmann & Proshchalykin, sp. nov. Nine species are newly recorded from Caucasus: C. asiaticus Kuhlmann 1999, C. brevigena Noskiewicz 1936, C. cariniger Pérez 1903, C. glaber Warncke 1978, C. idoneus Cockerell 1922, C. inexpectatus Noskiewicz 1936, C. meyeri Noskiewicz 1936, C. schwarzi Kuhlmann 2002, and C. wahrmani Noskiewicz 1959. A total of 50 species are currently known from this area. PMID:27615937

  10. 地热能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    [ 篇名 ] A new ideal evaporative freezing cycle, [ 篇名 ] Application of dynamic response of a penny shaped fluid-filled subsurface crack to fracture characterization in Higashi-Hachimantai field, [ 篇名 ] CLASSIFICATION AND ASSESSMENT OF GEOTHERMAL RESOURCES IN AZERBAIJAN-IRAN, [篇名 ] Corrosion of Piping Under Insulation in Geothermal Energy Extraction Processes, [ 篇名 ] DEEP GEOTHERMAL HEAT EXCHANGERS: HEATING AND COOLING OF LARGE BUILDINGS, [ 篇名 ] DESIGN AND STUDY OF A GEOTHERMAL DISTRICT HEATING SYSTEM AT HAMMAM-RIGHA (ALGERIA), [篇名] Development of geothermal air-conditioning system using foundation pile introduce of system to practical building and investigation of system performance.

  11. North Sea oil: fuel for the economy?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The feverish hunt for the black gold that exerts such a potent influence on the world economy and world politics, is moving on. A giant semi-submersible oil drilling rig owned by Diamond Offshore Drilling, of Houston, Texas, is being towed from the North Sea to Australia, a voyage that takes three months. Another of the company's rigs has already been shifted from UK waters to the Black Sea, and the possibility of dismantling it and transporting the pieces overland to the Caspian, to drill off the coast of Azerbaijan, is being looked at. The emphasis in exploration and appraisal drilling is definitely shifting away from the UK continental shelf. (author)

  12. South Caucasus. An Uncertain Path. Analyzing Vulnerabilities in Respecting Human Rights and Some Recommendations for Democratic Construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian Gherasim

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Fifteen years after Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia Achieved independence, power is still concentrated in the hands of a few. There are strong regional disparities within all three countries, with the capitals having the lion’s share of population, power and resources. Minorities are poorly represented in public life and suffer from lack of educational opportunities and breaches of human rights from those that make up the majority. More often than not, continue weak statehood means that states are incapable of providing basic public services, let alone ensure protection against human rights abuses.

  13. On the spider genus Arboricaria with the description of a new species (Araneae, Gnaphosidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikhailov, Kirill G

    2016-01-01

    The spider genus Arboricaria Bosmans, 2000 is redefined and an updated diagnosis given. The differences between Arboricaria and Micaria Westring, 1851 are discussed in detail. A key to all five species of the genus is provided. One new species, Arboricaria zonsteini sp. n. (♂♀), is described based on specimens from Kyrgyzstan and Azerbaijan. One new synonym is proposed: Arboricaria koeni Bosmans in Bosmans & Blick, 2000, syn. n. is assigned to Arboricaria sociabilis Kulczyński in Chyzer & Kulczyński, 1897. Data on the distribution of Arboricaria in Russia and adjacent countries are presented with references to the papers on local spider faunas.

  14. Kurdistan Region, Asia as seen from STS-58

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    Lake Urmia (Orumiyeh) in the high desert palteau of northwest Iran dominates the center of the northeast-looking view. The left edge of the view cuts Lake Van in eastern Turkey. The Caucasus mountains in war-torn Georgia appear just beyond. Mount Ararat is a major peak north of Lake Van. The Caspian Sea, an international body of water, stretches across the top right of the view. Countries bordering the Caspian are Iran in the south, Kazakhstan in the west, and Russia and Azerbaijan in the west. The shuttle stabilizer, OMS pods and open payload bay can also be seen just above the horizon.

  15. Secession and EU Membership - Is an EU member state secessionist territory automatically within EU after archiving its independence or have to reapply for membership?

    OpenAIRE

    Spiro Paço

    2015-01-01

    One of the political goals of the EU in broad is the absorption of all European continent state in a sort of United States of Europe. Nowadays the EU counts 28 states and the perspective of enlargement is not stopped by the current economic crisis. The current situation after the just completed pro-EU revolution in Ukraine and the implementation of strong economic link with former USSR Transcaucasian Republics (Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan) may suggest the final number of state in the EU. ...

  16. A study of pollution of surface waters by radioactive elements in the absheron industrial region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text : One of the important issues to be taken into account during lake pollution studies is the distribution of radionuclide pollution. Lake waters contain the same radioactive elements as rivers and seas. The main radioactive elements available in natural water resources are : uranium, radium, radon and potassium. In order to study the absheron lakes the radioactivity of water and sediment samples were analyzed. Analyses were carried out in Radiometry laboratory of Geological Institute of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences using gamma-spectrometry method

  17. Predictors of Low Birth Weight Infants in the North West Province of Iran: a Case-control Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nahid Karamzad

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Ninety-five percent of low birth weight infants are born in developing countries. This study was aimed to assess the predictors of low birth in East Azerbaijan, North-west province of Iran. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted through a hospital based case–control design involving 49 women delivering low birth weight infants and 98 delivering normal weight infants. The data analysis was using SPSS-13 software with bivariate and multivariate methods. Results: There was a significant positive association between maternal chronological and marriage ages with low birth weight infants (P

  18. In exile

    OpenAIRE

    Hazare, Reza

    2015-01-01

    Tiré du site Internet de Onestar Press: "Born in 1987 in Zahedan, Iran, Reza Hazare hails from a family of Afghan refugees forced to leave their homeland during the civil wars. Hazare studied art in Tehran, worked with artists such as Basem Rassam and Vahik Hartounian before settling in Baku, Azerbaijan to continue his education and life. This book was produced in the context of Art Dubai's Marker, a curated not-for-profit gallery programme that concentrates each year on a particular theme or...

  19. Taking control: how citizens can hold industry to account

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wilson, Emma; Schwarte, Christoph; Cotula, Lorenzo; Garside, Ben; Siegele, Linda

    2009-01-15

    The oil, gas and mining industries look set to remain major players in global development, despite urgent efforts to end the world's fossil fuel dependency and diversify energy sources. The activities of the extractive industries often impinge directly, and sometimes harshly, on communities and the environment. But local people are rising to the challenge. From Azerbaijan to Nigeria, Kazakhstan, Mali and Mongolia, citizens are working to promote transparency, accountability and responsible practice in these industries. A lack of skills and resources can impede crucial progress – so knowing the tools that work to make industry accountable is key.

  20. The contamination of an environment with wastes from energy production industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text : At present thermal power stations give 90 percent of all produced electric power in Azerbaijan. As a result of this the given industry consumes a large amount of organic fuel which have hydrogen and carbon in its content and as a result of this during burning of these components a big amount of harmful gaseous and liquid waste products is formed disposable to an atmosphere and to the ground. That is why gradual environmental contamination happen. Carrying out of measures on prevention of environment pollution is necessary in the fields of functioning these stations. There are also some statistical data on various parameters of described manufacture for various years is given

  1. Effect of Dietary Sodium Nitrate Consumption on Egg Production, Egg Quality Characteristics and Some Blood Indices in Native Hens of West Azarbaijan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Safary, H.; Daneshyar, M.

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of sodium nitrate consumption on egg quality and quantity, and some blood parameters of native breeder hens of West Azerbaijan province. One hundred native hens were used from wk 25 to 32 of age. These birds were divided into two groups. One group was fed the control diet (CD) but the other fed the same diet supplemented with 4.2 g/kg sodium nitrate (ND). After 2 wks of adaptation, eggs were collected daily and egg mass and egg production were m...

  2. The impact of oil-gas industry on radionuclide pollution of the environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text : It is a known fact that exploration, production and transportation of hydrocarbon resources result in pollution of ecosystem by various toxic chemicals including petroleum compounds, heavy metals and radionuclides. As other hydrocarbon-rich areas the territory of the Absheron Peninsula of Azerbaijan is also characterized by acute environmental situation due to long-term oil field development. The studies have shown that significant amount of radioactive elements accumulates in the areas close to oil wells and transport pipelines. The main sources of radioactive pollution are crude oil, produced water and solid rocks

  3. COLLECTIVE MEMORY AND MEMORY POLITICS IN THE CENTRAL CAUCASIAN COUNTRIES

    OpenAIRE

    Garagozov, Rauf

    2005-01-01

    The recent media reports about the progress made by a group of academics from Armenia, Russia, Georgia, and Azerbaijan working on a joint textbook on the history of the Caucasus from the ancient times to 1921 revealed how much tension this topic has created in the region. The project known as the Tbilisi Initiative launched in 1997 was encouraged and funded by the Council of Europe within a program for promoting education reforms in the former Soviet republics. This work designed to provide o...

  4. From the Editor

    OpenAIRE

    Ugur Demiray

    2012-01-01

    Greetings Dear readers of TOJDE,TOJDE is appeared on your screen now as Volume 13 Number: 1 In this issue it is published 5 notes for Editor, 16articles, 2 books reviews a nd this time, 53 authors from 12 different countries are placed. These published articles are from Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Greece, Iran, Malaysia, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Turkey, UAE and USA.The first Notes for editor arrived from USA, written by Kevin YEE and Jace HARGIS. They focused on Simply including a narrative co...

  5. The Effect of Vocabulary Flooding Technique on Iranian EFL Elementary Learners’ Vocabulary Learning

    OpenAIRE

    Touran Ahour; Nima Pajoman; Nasrin Hadidi Tamjid

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to find out the effect of using vocabulary flooding technique on Iranian EFL elementary learners’ vocabulary learning at the recognition level. A pretest-posttest control group design was used in this quasi-experimental research. The study was conducted at a secondary school in Sahand, a city located in the East-Azerbaijan province in Iran. Four intact grade-three classes were considered for the study. A KET test was administered and based on its results, two classes...

  6. A study on religious values

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robabeh Poorjebelli

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to evaluate and to compare the adherence rate of religious values between the two ethnic groups of Turkish and Kurdish who live in West Azerbaijan province. The study designs a questionnaire in Likert scale, low, medium and high, and distributes it among a sample of 200 people who live in these two regions. The result of our survey indicates that Azeri people were more religious than Kurdish people were. In addition, the study investigates the relationship between personal characteristics including age, gender and marital status and adherence rate of religious values and detects some meaningful relationships between these two items.

  7. Medical irradiation dosimetry and dosimetry of nonionizing radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the year 1995 Azerbaijan started implementation of the comprehensive programme of economic reforms in order to solve problems, connected with change-over to market economy.In the public health sector important reforms are being carried out. They are aimed towards effectiveness and quality increase, widening of access to medical care. The mentioned above programme will also include working out of legislation in the field of medical irradiation protection (laws, rules, safety manuals, etc.), introduction of national suggested radiation dose levels, perfection of regulative control over medical sources and medical practice, improvement of diagnostic radiation system, radiotherapy and nuclear medicine, introduction of clinical control system. (authors)

  8. Uranium and thorium determination in water samples taken along River Kura

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text : In the present investigation, uranium and thorium concentration in rivers water of Azerbaijan has been measured using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The Agilent 7700x series ICP-MS applied for analysis of water samples. This method is based on direct introduction of samples, without any chemical pre-treatment, into an inductively coupled plasma plasma mass spectrometer. Uranium and thorium was determined at the mass mass numbers of 238 and 232 respectively using Bi-209 as internal standard. The main purpose of the study is to measure the level of uranium and thorium in water samples taken along river Kura

  9. Spatial Analysis of Stomach Cancer Incidence in Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pakzad, Reza; Khani, Yousef; Pakzad, Iraj; Momenimovahed, Zohre; Mohammadian-Hashejani, Abdollah; Salehiniya, Hamid; Towhidi, Farhad; Makhsosi, Behnam Reza

    2016-01-01

    Stomach cancer, the fourth most common cancer and the second leading cause of cancer-related death through the world, is very common in parts of Iran. Geographic variation in the incidence of stomach cancer is due to many different factors. The aim of this study was to assess the geographical and spatial distribution of stomach cancer in Iran using data from the cancer registry program in Iran for the year 2009. The reported incidences of stomach cancer for different provinces were standardized to the world population structure. ArcGIS software was used to analyse the data. Hot spots and high risk areas were determined using spatial analysis (Getis-Ord Gi). Hot and cold spots were determined as more than or less than 2 standard deviations from the national average, respectively. A significance level of 0.10 was used for statistical judgment. In 2009, a total of 6,886 cases of stomach cancers were reported of which 4,891 were in men and 1,995 in women (standardized incidence rates of 19.2 and 10.0, respectively, per 100,000 population). The results showed that stomach cancer was concentrated mainly in northwest of the country in both men and women. In women, northwest provinces such as Ardebil, East Azerbaijan, West Azerbaijan, Gilan, and Qazvin were identified as hot spots (pstomach cancer is clustered in the northwest of the country, further epidemiological studies are needed to identify factors contributing to this concentration.

  10. Evaluation of Nitrogen Fractions during the Ripening of Jug Cheese

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Abbasi Gaznagh

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Jug (pot cheese is a kind of delicious, semi-hard, and salty cheese in Azerbaijan region, Iran, which is traditionally produced from raw sheep's or cow's milk in rural households and then spends its ripening period under soil, which varies from 3 to 6 months. Given that this type of cheese is traditional and originally from Azerbaijan region, in this study for the first time, nitrogen fractions such as total nitrogen, non-casein nitrogen, and non-protein nitrogen were measured during the ripening of jug cheese. In this work, first, the cheese was ripened in two ways: being storing for 45 days in brine at 10°C and being storing for 90 days without brine in the 7±1°C fridge. Results showed that all nitrogen fractions increased during the cheese ripening. Moreover, concentration of tyrosine amino acid as a ripening indicator was determined by preparing of tyrosine standard curve and measuring of its absorption at the wavelength of 650 nm by a spectrophotometer device during the ripening period. It was observed that concentrations of this amino acid gradually increased during ripening, which represented the progress of proteolysis during this period. Also, effect of milk pasteurization on nitrogen fractions was examined and it was concluded that milk pasteurization had a small effect on these factors.

  11. Evaluation of atherosclerotic findings in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammadi A

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Afshin Mohammadi1, Ali Bazazi2, Mohammad Ghasemi-rad21Department of Radiology, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, West-Azerbaijan, Iran; 2Student Research Committee, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, West-Azerbaijan, IranBackground: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD, a highly prevalent condition, is a feature of metabolic syndrome and is characterized by excessive accumulation of fat in the liver cells. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between NAFLD and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT as an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis.Methods: We examined 250 consecutive patients with ultrasonographically confirmed NAFLD and 85 age-matched and gender-matched controls with normal parenchymal liver echogenicity for determination of CIMT and presence of carotid atherosclerotic plaque.Results: Compared with control subjects, patients with NAFLD showed an increased mean CIMT (0.81 ± 0.14 mm compared with control subjects (0.58 ± 0.15 mm. This difference was statistically significant (P = 0.001. After performing multivariate analysis, the presence of NAFLD was associated with abnormal CIMT independent of other atherogenic risk factors or its association with metabolic syndrome.Conclusion: NAFLD can be an independent risk factor for developing atherosclerosis. Therefore, NAFLD with and without metabolic syndrome can be associated with increased CIMT and increased risk of cardiovascular events in patients with NAFLD incidentally diagnosed on abdominal ultrasonography.Keywords: nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, metabolic syndrome, atherosclerosis, carotid intima media thickness, risk factor

  12. Azerbaijani Turkic speaking English language teachers’ attitudes towards the use of their students’ mother tongue in English classes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davud Kuhi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the attitudes of a group of Azerbaijani teachers towards the use of L1 in their teaching process. For these purpose 40 Azerbaijani-Turkic EFL teachers of different high schools in Eastern Azerbaijan, Iran was randomly selected. The teachers were from both male and female gender groups. Some of them held BA and some of them held MA degrees in TEFL. Their ages varied from 25 to 50 and their teaching experiences varied from 6 to 25 years and their places of teaching were either in cities or villages in Eastern Azerbaijan. A questionnaire with two main parts was used to collect data. The data was analyzed by using the Excel worksheets and descriptive analysis method. The results of the study showed that although some of the teachers in this study were reluctant to use L1 in their teaching process, most of them believed that it is acceptable to use L1 in EFL teaching and recognized the important role of L1 in various occasions in ELT.

  13. An evaluation of earthquake hazard parameters in the Iranian Plateau based on the Gumbel III distribution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammadi, Hiwa; Bayrak, Yusuf

    2016-04-01

    The Gumbel's third asymptotic distribution (GIII) of the extreme value method is employed to evaluate the earthquake hazard parameters in the Iranian Plateau. This research quantifies spatial mapping of earthquake hazard parameters like annual and 100-year mode beside their 90 % probability of not being exceeded (NBE) in the Iranian Plateau. Therefore, we used a homogeneous and complete earthquake catalogue during the period 1900-2013 with magnitude M w ≥ 4.0, and the Iranian Plateau is separated into equal area mesh of 1° late × 1° long. The estimated result of annual mode with 90 % probability of NBE is expected to exceed the values of M w 6.0 in the Eastern part of Makran, most parts of Central and East Iran, Kopeh Dagh, Alborz, Azerbaijan, and SE Zagros. The 100-year mode with 90 % probability of NBE is expected to overpass the value of M w 7.0 in the Eastern part of Makran, Central and East Iran, Alborz, Kopeh Dagh, and Azerbaijan. The spatial distribution of 100-year mode with 90 % probability of NBE uncovers the high values of earthquake hazard parameters which are frequently connected with the main tectonic regimes of the studied area. It appears that there is a close communication among the seismicity and the tectonics of the region.

  14. Using ANN and EPR models to predict carbon monoxide concentrations in urban area of Tabriz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Shakerkhatibi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Forecasting of air pollutants has become a popular topic of environmental research today. For this purpose, the artificial neural network (AAN technique is widely used as a reliable method for forecasting air pollutants in urban areas. On the other hand, the evolutionary polynomial regression (EPR model has recently been used as a forecasting tool in some environmental issues. In this research, we compared the ability of these models to forecast carbon monoxide (CO concentrations in the urban area of Tabriz city. Methods: The dataset of CO concentrations measured at the fixed stations operated by the East Azerbaijan Environmental Office along with meteorological data obtained from the East Azerbaijan Meteorological Bureau from March 2007 to March 2013, were used as input for the ANN and EPR models. Results: Based on the results, the performance of ANN is more reliable in comparison with EPR. Using the ANN model, the correlation coefficient values at all monitoring stations were calculated above 0.85. Conversely, the R2 values for these stations were obtained <0.41 using the EPR model. Conclusion: The EPR model could not overcome the nonlinearities of input data. However, the ANN model displayed more accurate results compared to the EPR. Hence, the ANN models are robust tools for predicting air pollutant concentrations.

  15. Quality of life in pregnant women with sleep disorder.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elham Rezaei

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Sleep disorders are common complaints of women during pregnancy. These disorders are the result of physiological, hormonal, physical changes, affecting before, during, and right after pregnancy. This study aimed to evaluate the quality of life of pregnant women with sleep disorders in the second trimester.In this cross-sectional study, data was collected with continuous sampling method. A total of 100 pregnant women with sleep disturbances in their second trimesters were recruited in this study. The participant referred to two elected health centers in West Azerbaijan University of Medical Science (One and three numbers of health care centers in order to get prenatal care in the city of Maku, West Azerbaijan, Iran. The data was gathered using the personal information forms and the questionnaires, prepared by the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL: BREF. To analyze the collected data, different statistical methods, like frequency tables, Pearson, Spearman and ANOVA were applied.The results indicate that the mean sleep quality is 8.62 ± 2.81 in pregnant women with sleep disorders or poor quality of sleep in the second trimester. Quality of life (p ≤ 0.03 and one of domains, including psychological health (p ≤ 0.02 related to quality of sleep.Given that a large percentage of women suffer from sleep disorders in pregnancy, we hope during this period, in addition to usual care, codified programs is done to evaluate, detection and Diagnosis of this disorder.

  16. Azerbaıjan in Serbıan Lıterature − Between Realıstıc Travelogue and Mystıcal Lure in Postmodern Lıterature

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    Natasa Bulatovic

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Using a comparative method, the author of this paper intends to show Azerbaijan as a literary motif that inspired two representative Serbian writers. Both used different literary forms, opposite styles and belonged to different epochs. Ivo Andrć, Serbian Nobel Prize Winner, wrote the poetic travel writing From my trip through Azerbaijan (Literary Gazette, 1948. With great admiration he describes a celebration of the 800th anniversary of the birth of a great Azerbaijani poet Nezami Ganjavi, customs and virtues of the people who live there, their culture and rich literary tradition. Miomir Petrovic, one of the foremost writers of the younger generation, published the novel Persian Mirror (subheading: novel-arabesque in 2001. This novel has a complex structure with several genres exploited simultaneously, all imbued with lyrical intensity. Through a metaphysical adventure in the Middle East and the Caucasus, the hero of this novel finds the immortal verses of Nezami Ganjavi, whose poem Khusraw o Shirin gives answers to all his questions. The Azerbaijani cities of Baku and Ganja are key poetic toponyms in his quest.

  17. Global situation of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD)--a short review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kesy, A

    2002-01-01

    This article reviews the actual world FMD situation. In 2000, fifty nine countries officially reported outbreaks of FMD. The disease occurred in Europe (Greece), Asia (Russia, Mongolia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Japan, Laos, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, in Caucasian region--Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia as well as in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan), Africa (Egypt, Kenya, Mauritania, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe) and in South America (Brazil, Colombia, Uruguay, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador and Venezuela). In 2001, FMD was still spreading throughout the endemic regions and appeared in some of the west European countries--Great Britain, The Netherlands, France and Ireland. In South America, FMD occurred in Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil and Colombia. In Asia the FMD spread in Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Mongolia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Yemen, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Iran, Bhutan, Nepal, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand and Taiwan. The FMD situation in Africa was unclear, but probably most countries in West, East and South Africa were affected. The most recent data of the OIE from May 2002 confirmed FMD outbreaks in population of pigs in Republic of Korea.

  18. HANDICRAFT IN LATE BRONZE-EARLY IRON AGE IN NAKHCHIVAN

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    Toğrul HALİLOV

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The article handicraft have been learnt in the Nakhchivan late bronze-early iron age. It was defined that pottery wasone of the ancient craftsmanship areas in Nakhichivan. At that time Nakhichivan, as well as the other regions of Azerbaijan, was an important centre of craftsmanship. The pottery products differed from one another in their size, shape, ornaments on them, the material the were made of and the technology. The pottery products made by Nakhichivan potters were divided into two groups-welfare and kitchen ceramics. Their similar monuments in the South Caucasus and the Middle East in the same period, the archaeological materials found in the Urmia basin and Eastern Anatolia. As a result of comparative investigation it is defined that oldest labour tools producted from bone and stone in Nakchivan. New type of labour tools are producted connecting to treatmen of metal in following period. Stone and bone tools are used little in iron and bronz period. It is defined that daggers, arrow and spear heads, jewelry founded in archaeological monument belong to epoch late bronze-early iron age in the Nakhchivan have got peculiarity of culture of Khojalı-Gadabay in Azerbaijan. Some of daggers belong to culture Near East.

  19. Geopolitics of European natural gas demand: Supplies from Russia, Caspian and the Middle East

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bilgin, Mert, E-mail: mert.bilgin@bahcesehir.edu.t [Bahcesehir University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Political Science and International Relations Department, Ciragan Caddesi Besiktas, 34353 Istanbul (Turkey)

    2009-11-15

    This paper addresses issues of natural gas which raise questions about European energy security. It first focuses on the rising gas demand of the EU27 and elaborates alleged risks of dependence on Russia such as Gazprom's disagreement with Ukraine, which became an international gas crisis in January 2006 and also more recently in January 2009. Incentives and barriers of Europe's further cooperation with selected Caspian (Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan) and Middle Eastern (Iran, Iraq and Egypt) countries are discussed. Supplies from Caspian are analyzed with a particular focus on Russia's role and the vested interests in the region. Supplies from the Middle East are elaborated with regard to Iran's huge and Iraq's emerging potentials in terms of natural gas reserves and foreign direct investments in the energy sector. The geopolitical analysis leads to a conclusion that the best strategy, and what seems more likely, for the EU is to include at least two countries from Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Iran and Iraq within its natural gas supply system.

  20. Geopolitics of European natural gas demand. Supplies from Russia, Caspian and the Middle East

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bilgin, Mert [Bahcesehir University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Political Science and International Relations Department, Ciragan Caddesi Besiktas, 34353 Istanbul (Turkey)

    2009-11-15

    This paper addresses issues of natural gas which raise questions about European energy security. It first focuses on the rising gas demand of the EU27 and elaborates alleged risks of dependence on Russia such as Gazprom's disagreement with Ukraine, which became an international gas crisis in January 2006 and also more recently in January 2009. Incentives and barriers of Europe's further cooperation with selected Caspian (Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan) and Middle Eastern (Iran, Iraq and Egypt) countries are discussed. Supplies from Caspian are analyzed with a particular focus on Russia's role and the vested interests in the region. Supplies from the Middle East are elaborated with regard to Iran's huge and Iraq's emerging potentials in terms of natural gas reserves and foreign direct investments in the energy sector. The geopolitical analysis leads to a conclusion that the best strategy, and what seems more likely, for the EU is to include at least two countries from Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Iran and Iraq within its natural gas supply system. (author)

  1. Protozoan Infections of Restaurant Workers in Tabriz, Iran

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    Garedaghi Yagoob

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of the present study was to determine the rate of contamination with intestinal protozoan parasites among restaurant workers in Tabriz (center of East Azerbaijan province, Iran. Materials and Methods: To identify intestinal protozoan parasites among restaurant workers in Tabriz (East Azerbaijan province, Iran, in 2013, stool specimens were collected and examined from a total of 100 restaurant workers at the School of Veterinary Medicine, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch. In the present study, the direct-smear examination, saline sedimentation, and Trichrome staining techniques were used. Results: The positivity in the majority of them was single infection; however, 4 cases were double infection that constituted 1% of the prevalence. The prevalence of Entamoeba histolytica/dispor was 47.22%, Giardia lamblia 16.66%, and Entamoeba coli 36.11%. The double infection was only observed with E. histolytica/dispor and Giardia. The infection caused by these parasites was also accompanied by abdominal troubles, diarrhea, constipation, nausea, and vomiting. Conclusion: These results lead to the understanding that sanitary measurements are not effective, and these hazardous situations facilitate the distribution of parasitic agents among consumers. The current pre-employment screening policies must be performed annually in order to be effective and systematic surveillance is needed in addition to health education.

  2. Self-Defense in Karabakh Conflict?

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    Saeed Bagheri

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Use of force is one of the principles of international law that has been banned by the UN Charter and modern constitutions. However, since the enforcement of the UN Charter, self-defense has become the preferred excuse for states to justify their use of force. Applying self-defense, however, requires some conditions. Immediacy is one of the important conditions of self-defense. This is defined as the timeframe between armed attacks and reaction to it. This situation requires self-defense immediately after the armed conflict or during a reasonable timeframe since its occurance.In this respect, emerging Karabakh Conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan in the 1990s is important. In this article, by comparing two different approaches (strict and board interpretation of the temporal link between the measures of self-defense and the armed attacks (immediacy, the temporal link between the self-defense countermeasures of Azerbaijan and attacks by Armenia in Karabakh Conflict will be examined.

  3. The Effectiveness of the Community Medicine Undergraduate Program in Medical Schools on Enabling Medical Graduates to Work in the Health Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossein Jabbari Bayrami

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The main mission of medical schools is to train competent medical trainees for providing primary health care services, management of health care team and improving the health status of the population. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the undergraduate program of community medicine department among the graduates as general (family physicians in health system of East Azerbaijan, North-West of` Iran. Methods: In this cross- sectional study all family physicians of East Azerbaijan province were included. A questionnaire on the views of graduates about the effectiveness of community medicine undergraduate program was used for gathering data. Data were analyzed by T-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation. Results: Performance of community medicine department in creating competency for providing effective health services among physicians was 2.13 and management competency was 1.96 out of 4. To teach the necessary skills to meet the professional needs in Primary Health Care (PHC, Tabriz Community Medicine Department was better compared to Azad and other medical schools (p<0.001. Conclusions: The results of the study showed that the community medicine program in undergraduate medical education was effective for future career of physicians in the health system. There is a need to revise the health management courses in community medicine program.

  4. Green Marketing and Its Impacts on Consumer Behavior in Sports Shops

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    Javad Shahlaee

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was investigation of green marketing and its impacts on consumer behavior in sports shops in East Azerbaijan province of Iran. The present study is functionalized by objectives and done by field. The study statistical society was sports shops in East Azerbaijan and 210 samples were chosen randomly according to Morgan sampling method and 196 questionnaires were collected finally. The author-prepared questionnaire’s validity was approved by some experts in sport management and marketing. Field and the reliability were assessed by pilot study using Chronbach’s Alpha (α= 819% which showed that the tool was reliable. The questionnaire had 30 items rated by Lakers scale. Questionnaire introduction contained demographic pieces information of age, income and education degree. Results shows that a significant relationship between green products features, green promotion, green pricing and green distributing with consumer green behavior; and education, income, and age, but not marital status, gender had a moderating effect on consumer green sports behavior.

  5. Investigation of Polluted Zones by Lead in North West of Iran

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    Khodadadi A.

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available National project of Important Heavy Metals Identification of Iran (IHMI, following the UNDP and supported by Department of Environment of Iran (DOE, has been completed by Modares Environmental Research Center (MERC. Due to this project the pollution potential sources was investigated by overall distribution maps of any parameters that may cause the lead pollution. Then the sampling points was determined by some geo-statistical analysis and the sampling process was done according to standard methods of sampling, preserving, transferring to lab, measuring and analyzing etc through the 3 months in three phases of materials (effluent and discharges, solid waste, water, soil and sediment samples from natural sources like river etc.. After gathering the final results, overlaying the potential sources and polluted positions (according to violation of national and international standards of sampled points by Geographic Information Systems (GIS led the research to closing to the pollutant sources in north west provinces (Eastern Azerbaijan, Western Azerbaijan, Ardabil and Zanjan. The synthetic and natural pollution sources observed were 17 and 20 respectively. Abir River, Niroo Gostar Taban Industrial Complex and Copper Industries were the most important pollution sources in material phases of Natural, effluent and solid waste respectively.

  6. IMPORTANCE OF TANAP IN COMPETITION BETWEEN RUSSIA AND CENTRAL ASIA

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    Tugce Varol Sevim

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available TANAP natural gas which was initiated by Azerbaijan’s SOCAR and Turkey's BOTAŞ has altered the dynamics and strategies in the region. TANAP project not only formed new competition picture from Nabucco versus South Stream to TANAP versus South Stream but also triggered the competition between Russia and Central Asia in terms of pipeline strategies. Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan are landlocked countries in the east Caspian region and Azerbaijan is the only post-Soviet state that had succeeded to reach world markets by non-Russian routes. In this sense if TANAP would establish until 2018-2019, it would have an impact as in the case of Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline which was considered as the “Contract of the Century” in the 1990s. In this paper, it is aimed to analyze how TANAP will affect upon Russian foreign energy policy strategy upon Central Asian states and Azerbaijan as well as emphasizing on the risks and opportunities of the project.

  7. Data Archived for Events in the Caucasus for the CauSINCollaboration Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Godoladze, T; Hunt, D; Aliyev, F; Arakelyan, A; Kalafat, D; Javakhishvil, Z; Panahi, B; Arzumanyan, V; Hutchings, L J; Vergino, E

    2007-08-17

    The Causin project is a joint effort between the countries in the Caucasus region to develop a Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Analysis. To that end, we have compiled a database of all available network data in the region. The information contained in the database is from four countries: Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Turkey and from the Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (IRIS). Table 1 lists the networks from which data were obtained. Figure 1 shows the locations of stations, and Figure 2 shows ray paths for event locations of the archived data. An ongoing effort in the region is the Caucasus Seismic Information Network (CauSIN) is an international scientific project enabling the countries and scientists of the region to: better understand the seismicity of the greater Caucasus; develop new monitoring networks to support the scientific understanding; provide access to seismic data from local networks in the participating countries; and develop a probabilistic seismic hazards assessment for the region enabling the governments in the region to better mitigate the damaging effects from large earthquakes. In parallel with this effort, training has been conducted on modern techniques for probabilistic hazards assessment. CauSIN is also an ongoing effort to promote cooperation in the geosciences between Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, European Union and the United States. The DOE supports the American team from New England Research, Inc. (NER), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Boston College, and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL).

  8. The Trans-Caspian energy route: Cronyism, competition and cooperation in Kazakh oil export

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guliyev, Farid [School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Jacobs University Bremen, Campus Ring 1, D-28759 Bremen (Germany)], E-mail: f.guliyev@jacobs-university.de; Akhrarkhodjaeva, Nozima [School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Jacobs University Bremen, Campus Ring 1, D-28759 Bremen (Germany)

    2009-08-15

    The article delineates the major national, regional and international level stakeholders in the westward Trans-Caspian transportation of Kazakh oil, supplemented with a discussion of the prospect of expansion of the Trans-Caspian/South Caucasus corridor in light of the presumably harmful effect of the war between Russia and Georgia in August 2008. It demonstrates that while foreign companies have been backed by their respective governments, national firms have also enjoyed considerable state support, partly due to their close links to the interests of state elites in Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan. It appears that most companies along the shipping line either belong to the governments of Kazakhstan or Azerbaijan, directly or indirectly (through subsidiaries), or enjoy favoritism and a near monopoly in their markets (crony capitalism). Some of these firms are privately owned but registered in offshore tax havens, while some others have rather obscure ownership structures and corporate profiles. It suggests that cronyism and state capture comprise that politico-economic environment within which the future of Caspian transport systems will have to be decided.

  9. The Trans-Caspian energy route. Cronyism, competition and cooperation in Kazakh oil export

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guliyev, Farid; Akhrarkhodjaeva, Nozima [School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Jacobs University Bremen, Campus Ring 1, D-28759 Bremen (Germany)

    2009-08-15

    The article delineates the major national, regional and international level stakeholders in the westward Trans-Caspian transportation of Kazakh oil, supplemented with a discussion of the prospect of expansion of the Trans-Caspian/South Caucasus corridor in light of the presumably harmful effect of the war between Russia and Georgia in August 2008. It demonstrates that while foreign companies have been backed by their respective governments, national firms have also enjoyed considerable state support, partly due to their close links to the interests of state elites in Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan. It appears that most companies along the shipping line either belong to the governments of Kazakhstan or Azerbaijan, directly or indirectly (through subsidiaries), or enjoy favoritism and a near monopoly in their markets (crony capitalism). Some of these firms are privately owned but registered in offshore tax havens, while some others have rather obscure ownership structures and corporate profiles. It suggests that cronyism and state capture comprise that politico-economic environment within which the future of Caspian transport systems will have to be decided. (author)

  10. Seismic Microzonation Study in Tabriz Metropolitan City for Earthquake Risk Mitigation x

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ebad Ghanbari

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Azerbaijan is the site of convergent plate collisions along the Alpine-Himalayan active mountain belt. Brittle faults in the Azerbaijan area are mostly Cenozoic in or younger. The data presented demonstrate clearly that geological structures are commonly repeated at all scales from outcrop to regional. Several regional earthquakes have been strongly felt and caused damages in and around Tabriz during history. Urban seismic risk is increasing with population growth and encroachment of vulnerable built in environment into areas susceptible seismic hazard. Seismic -hazard assessment an estimate of ground motion at the site of interest, taking into account instrumental and historical earthquake records, information on tectonics, geology, and attenuation characteristics of seismic waves Tabriz is important industrial city of Iran. It has a very high population density about 2.000000 people in area just 90 km2 . The main objective of the Tabriz seismic instrumentation and microzonation study was to carry out and propose new building in Tabriz and suburbs in order to apply these criteria its development programs and determine the potential for damage to existing constructions during earthquake motions, and finally earthquake risk mitigation assessment.

  11. Outlook on non-proliferation activities in the world and cooperation in peaceful uses of nuclear energy among Turkish speaking countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear technology is being widely used in protecting the environment, manufacturing industry, medicine, agriculture, food industry and electricity production. In the world, 438 nuclear power plants are in operation, and 31 are under construction. Nuclear share of total electricity generation have reached to 17 percent. However, 2053 nuclear tests from 1945 to 1999 and 2 atom bombs to Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 have initiated nonproliferation activities aiming to halt the spread of nuclear weapons and to create a climate where cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy can be fostered. In addition to international efforts for non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, great efforts were made for disarmament and banning the nuclear tests which damage the environment. Following the first Geneva Conference in 1955 for expanding peaceful uses of nuclear energy, Turkey was one of the first countries to start activities in the nuclear field. Turkish Atomic Energy Authority (TAEK) was established in 1956 and Turkey became a member of the International Atomic Energy Agency established in 1957 by the United Nations for spreading the use of nuclear energy to contribute peace, health and prosperity throughout the world in same year. Turkey is a candidate state to join to European Union and has already signed Custom Union Agreement, also part of the Eurasian Region. So, there are significant developments in cultural, social, technical, economical and trade relations owning to our common historical and cultural values with the countries in the region and Central Asia. TAEK was established to support, co-ordinate and perform the activities in peaceful uses of nuclear energy and act as a regulatory body and establish cooperation with countries and international organizations. In the late 1990's TAEK, besides the cooperation with various countries, has involved to cooperating with nuclear institutes of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan for

  12. Outlook to nonproliferation activities in the world and cooperation in peaceful uses of nuclear energy among turkish speaking countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Nuclear technology is being widely used in protecting the environment, manufacturing industry, medicine, agriculture, food industry and electricity production. In the world, 438 Nuclear Power Plants are in operation, and 31 are under construction. Nuclear share of total electricity generation have reached to 17 percent. However, 2053 nuclear tests from 1945 to 1999 and 2 atom bombs to Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 have initiated nonproliferation activities aiming to halt the spread of nuclear weapons and to create a climate where cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy can be fostered. In addition to international efforts for non proliferation of nuclear weapons, great affords were made for disarmament and banning the nuclear tests which damage the environment. Following the 1st Geneva Conference in 1955 for expanding peaceful uses of nuclear energy, Turkey was one of the first countries to start activities in the nuclear field. Turkish Atomic Energy Authority (TAEK) was established in 1956 and Turkey became a member of the International Atomic Energy Agency established in 1957 by the United Nations for spreading the use of nuclear energy to contribute peace, health and prosperity throughout the world, in same year. Turkey is a candidate state to join the European Union and has already signed Custom Union Agreement, also part of the Eurasia Region. So, there are significant developments in the cultural, social, technical, economical and trade relations owing to our common historical and cultural values with the countries in the region and Central Asia. TAEK was established to support, co-ordinate and perform the activities in peaceful uses of nuclear energy and act as a regulatory body and establish cooperation with countries and international organizations. In the late 1990's, TAEK, besides the co operations with various countries, has involved in cooperating with nuclear institutes of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and

  13. Structural problems and prospects of innovative development of economies of countries of the South Caucasus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.A. Egiazarian

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of the article is justification of prospects of further innovative development of economies of three countries of the South Caucasus. The results of the analysis. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the South Caucasus countries have found their place in the capitalist world economy as peripheral states. However, all three states in the region have their own economic structural features and differences, both in terms of their current situation and prospects in terms of economic development. In this paper, key features and prospects of economic development are analyzed and identified. In terms of economic prospects the opportunities and challenges of participation in the South Caucasus countries and the Eurasian Customs Unions are discussesed. In the last years the South Caucasian countries showed rather high rates of economic growth, but the level of economic development of their economy is low. Economic systems of those countries are characterized with a number of structural imbalances and problems. In Azerbaijan economic growth was provided at the expense of increase of oil’s production and export. In Georgia and Armenia economic growth was provided at the expense of external financing that stimulated consumer demand, growth in building sector and in sectors of services. Nowadays economies of the South Caucasian countries have been practically exhausted opportunities of extensive growth. In Azerbaijan the oil boom will come to the end soon. In Armenia and Georgia quite high shortage level of the current account remains and both countries have rather big external debt. In the conditions of world economy growth deterioration, especially in Russia, volumes of foreign trade and streams of money transfers will be reduce. It will negatively affect the prospects of their economic growth. All countries of the region need some new markets and strategic investments. The Customs Union represents an attempt to make

  14. A social work study on measuring adherence to religious values

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahsa Allahyari

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to investigate the effects of demographic characteristics, including gender, marital status, level of education and age on adherence to religious values among young people in city of Shahin Dezh and Takab, located in province of West Azerbaijan, Iran in 2014. The study has accomplished between two groups of Turk and Kurd with the population of 85,000 and 89,000, respectively. The study uses a sample of 20 and 30 people from Turkish and Kurdish tribes, respectively, and uses t-student test as well as regression analysis to examine different hypotheses of the survey. The results show that there was a meaningful difference among various variables of gender, marital status, education level and age in adherence to religious values among the youth who live in this city.

  15. QUALITY ASSESSEMENT OF ANTE-NATAL CARE USING THE METHOD OF LOT QUALITY ASSURANCE SAMPLING

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    Sh. Salarilak

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available To determine the coverage rate, timeliness and quality of ante-natal care in rural areas under the coverage of Health Houses in West Azerbaijan province, 30 Health Houses (HH were randomly selected out of 731 HH in the province. In each HH, using the method of Lot Quality Assurance Sampling (LQAS 28 women having recently born babies was selected. Data were collected using check-list for facilities, and questionnaires and forms to be completed from the files by interview. The study showed that the method of LQAS is quite effective for evaluation of this service at HH level. The weighted total coverage of ante-natal care was 46.2%. Quality of care was acceptable for 53.9% of mothers. The weighted average of time lines of care was 49.8%. Availability of facilities in delivery of this service was 100%, showing there was no short coming in this respect.

  16. Caspian producers contemplate excess of export routes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The fourth quarter of 2005 sees the commissioning of the latest oil export route from the Caspian: the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) pipeline from Azerbaijan to Turkey. BTC is one of a series of potential export routes from Central Asia and the Trans-Caucasus. The proposed capacity of all these routes, however, far exceeds the volume of oil likely to be available to fill it at any time in the foreseeable future. Turkey nevertheless continues to press for more export capacity in an attempt to reduce the number of tankers passing through the narrow waterways that connect the Black Sea with the Mediterranean. For their part, Caspian oil producers want their oil to be transported by the cheapest and most direct route, which appears to rule out pipelines designed to divert their exports away from the Black Sea-Mediterranean sea-route. (author)

  17. EITI and sustainable development: Lessons and new challenges for the Caspian region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ospanova, Saule; Ahmadov, Ingilab; Wilson, Emma

    2013-03-01

    EITI requires countries to declare the revenues they receive from companies in the oil, gas and mining sectors, and for companies to declare what they pay. This paper highlights key issues and challenges related to implementing EITI, and suggests several ways for these new rules to help reduce poverty, improve lives and ensure that extractive industries operate in a sustainable, environmentally responsible way. Focusing on three countries of the Caspian Sea Region - Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan, the paper will be of particular interest to those preparing for, and attending, the EITI conference in Sydney in May 2013. It will also inform the public and stakeholders working towards EITI implementation in the Caspian Region, and contributes to on-going debates on EITI and sustainable development more broadly.

  18. The Eurasian Otter in the South Caucasus

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    Gorgadze G.

    2004-07-01

    Full Text Available Seven species of Mustelidae are to be found in the south Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia: Lutra lutra, Martes martes, Martes foina, Meles meles, Mustela vison, Mustela nivalis and Vormela peregusna. The rarest of these species are the Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra and the marbled polecat (Vormela peregusna. The Eurasian otter, one of most endangered species of the south caucasian fauna, is still suffering under the influence of poaching, habitat loss, disturbance and pollution. No fundamental research has been undertaken on otters in any of the south Caucasian countries and, therefore, data provided in the literature are scarce. Further, no DNA analysis has been undertaken in this part of the world and, therefore, the actual number of subspecies is not clear.

  19. The Dolichopus plumipes species group (Diptera, Dolichopodidae in the Palaearctic Region with the description of a new species from Iran

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    Samad Khaghaninia

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Dolichopus plumipes species group in the Palaearctic Region is redefined. It comprises eleven species including one new species, Dolichopus malekii sp. nov., from the East Azerbaijan province in north-western Iran. The species group is differentiated from other Dolichopus by the modified male mid tibia and/or mid basitarsus (except D. simplex. The mid tibia is often thin, having a longitudinal narrow dark streak (D. plumipes or clear whitish yellow dorsal area in distal third, rarely simple or inconspicuously modified (D. discifer. Mid basitarsus is pennate or bearing elongate setae or simple. Other tarsomeres are usually simple (except D. discifer. A revised key to the species group is provided, as well as remarks on its geographical distribution.

  20. RADIATION CHEMICAL CONVERSION OF OIL DERIVED FROM OIL-BITUMEN ROCK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lala Jabbarova

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The results of research in the radiation processing of synthetic oil derived from oil–bitumen rock of the Balakhany deposit in Azerbaijan are presented. The study has been conducted on a 60Co gamma-source at a dose rate of P = 0.5 Gy/s and various absorbed doses of D = 43–216 kGy. Samples of synthetic oil from natural bitumen rocks have been analyzed by chromatography, gas chromatography–mass spectrometry, and IR-spectroscopy, and their radiation resistance has been evaluated. The results of the study allow for both assessment of the feasibility of manufacturing petrochemicals for various applications by radiation processing and use of these materials for isolating radioactive sources to preclude their impact on the environment.

  1. Oil, Water, and Wildlife: The Gulf of Mexico Disaster and Related Environmental Issues

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bickman, John W. [Purdue University

    2010-08-04

    The BP Macondo oil field spill in the Gulf of Mexico is the largest oil spill in U.S. history and has the potential to impact sea turtle and marine mammal populations, and others. This presentation will review the genotoxic effects of oil exposure in wildlife and discuss the potential for an oil spill to impact wildlife populations. Whereas some aspects of a spill are predictable, each spill is different because oils are highly variable, as are the environments in which they occur. The presentation will discuss what has been learned from previous spills, including the Exxon Valdez and the soviet oil legacy in Azerbaijan, and the potential dangers of offshore oil development in the Arctic. Related Purdue University research efforts in oil-spill related engineering and science also will be highlighted.

  2. Evaluating the R elation between O rganizational S tructure and E ntrepreneurship in Physical E ducation of Islamic Azad University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amineh Sahranavard G ARGARI

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to investigate the relation between organizational structure and entrepreneu rship which is of discretional - correlational type, done by the field method among all the physical education (PE teachers and employees of Eastern Azerbaijan ’ s I slamic Azad Universities (n=63. Two questionnaires about organizational structure and entrepreneurship, whose reliability was achieved by the e xperts, and Pearson and T correlational coefficients, were used to test and analyze the data. The results showed no relation between organizational entrepreneurship and complexity but showed a negative and significant relation among entrepreneurship and fo rmality and concentration. Eventually, no difference was observed between organizational entrepreneurship of the (male or female teachers and employees.

  3. Activities of photosystem I and photosystem II of chloroplasts isolated from different plants under the ionizing radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oil and oil products are the most common and harmful environmental factors, which cause significant changes in the functioning of the plants. In the present study of Phragmites australis, Zygophyllum fabago and Argusia Sibirica plants spread on the polluted with oil area of the former iodine production plant located in Ramani district of Azerbaijan, were used as subjects of investigation. Chloroplasts were isolated from plants collected under 250 μR/hr background radiation and natural conditions. The quantum yield of (PS) II and the photochemical activity of photosystem (PS) II (based on evolution oxygen) and photosystem (PS) I (based on absorption of oxygen) was analyzed. The potential quantum yields of PS II took low values under the influence of ionizing radiation

  4. Global Electricity Trade Network: Structures and Implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Ling; Jia, Xiaoping; Chiu, Anthony S. F.; Xu, Ming

    2016-01-01

    Nations increasingly trade electricity, and understanding the structure of the global power grid can help identify nations that are critical for its reliability. This study examines the global grid as a network with nations as nodes and international electricity trade as links. We analyze the structure of the global electricity trade network and find that the network consists of four sub-networks, and provide a detailed analysis of the largest network, Eurasia. Russia, China, Ukraine, and Azerbaijan have high betweenness measures in the Eurasian sub-network, indicating the degrees of centrality of the positions they hold. The analysis reveals that the Eurasian sub-network consists of seven communities based on the network structure. We find that the communities do not fully align with geographical proximity, and that the present international electricity trade in the Eurasian sub-network causes an approximately 11 million additional tons of CO2 emissions. PMID:27504825

  5. The prevalence of toxic hotspots in former Soviet countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharov, Petr; Dowling, Russell; Gogishvili, Megi; Jones, Barbara; Caravanos, Jack; McCartor, Andrew; Kashdan, Zachary; Fuller, Richard

    2016-04-01

    Using a global database of contaminated sites, toxic hotspots in eight former Soviet countries were analyzed to identify the prevalence, types and sources of toxic pollution, as well as their associated potential public health impacts. For this analysis, polluted sites in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan were compiled and analyzed. The levels of contamination of seven key pollutants were assessed in each country. 424 contaminated sites were identified using data from Blacksmith Institute. Pesticides, lead (Pb), radioactive metals, arsenic (As), mercury (Hg), chromium (Cr), and cadmium (Cd) were the most commonly identified key pollutants. Collectively, these sites pose health risks to an estimated 6.2 million residents. The existing data on toxic hotspots in former Soviet countries likely captures only a small percentage of actual contaminated sites, but suggests potentially severe public health consequences. Additional assessments are needed to understand the risks posed by toxic pollution in the region. PMID:26796744

  6. THE STATE OF AZADİSTAN(THE STATE, ESTABLİSHED IN IRAN 1920

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas KARAAĞAÇLI

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Towards the end of World War I, an important anti-colonialist and liberationist political and social movement emerged in the Azerbaijan Region in Iran. They have coalesced under the leadership of the revolutionist and intellectual venerable Sheikh Mohammed Hiyabâni, who has been among the leaders of the Iranian Democratic Party’s Regional Organization during the Constitutional Revolution (1908-1911 and one of the members of the first parliament. Their goal and aims were to contribute to the independence of Iran, and especially to resist the attempts and practices for dividing Iran between the Prime Minister Vosouq al-Dowleh and the British government. This article analyzes the emergence, continuation and fall of the Azadistan (Land of Freedom Movement.

  7. Kuwait summons more fire fighting teams

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kuwait is calling in more muscle to help kill its wild wells. This paper reports on the latest action in Kuwait, the leasing of well control contracts to Abel Engineering/Well Control Inc., Houston, and China Petroleum Engineering Construction Co. (CPEC). Abel is the sixth North American well control company called to the scene, while CPEC is the first summoned from the East. In addition, the service responsible for combating well fires and blowouts in the U.S.S.R.'s Azerbaijan oil fields signed an agreement with Kuwait's government, apparently involving a contract valued at more than $100 million, to extinguish fires at 150 Kuwaiti wells, reported Eastern Bloc Energy, a publication of Eastern Bloc Research Ltd., Newton Kyme, U.K. More help likely is on the way

  8. Eriophyoid mites (Acari: Prostigmata: Eriophyidae) associated with Compositae in Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lotfollahi, Parisa; Irani-Nejad, Karim Haddad; Khanjani, Mohamad; Moghadam, Mohamad; De Lillo, Enrico

    2013-01-01

    Five species of eriophyoid mites were identified during surveys of mite fauna associated with plant species of the family Compositae from Southwest of East Azerbaijan province during 2010 and 2011. Two of them, Aceria virgatae n. sp. from Centaurea virgata Lam. and Aceria xeranthenzis n. sp. from Xeranthemumn squarrosum Boiss., were found to be new to science. No damage symptoms were observed on their host plants. Aceria xeranthemis n. sp. is the first eriophyoid collected from the plant genus Xeranthenun. Aculops centaureae (Farkas, 1960) from Centaurea albonitens Turrill and Aceria cichorii Petanović et al. 2000 from Cichorium intybus L. are new records for Iranian mite fauna. The deutogyne female of Aceria anthocoptes (Nalepa) was recorded for the first time in Iran, too. A key to the species collected on Compositae in Iran is given. PMID:26266306

  9. Dogielophis, a replacement name for Dogielina Sobolev 1950 (Nematoda) non Bogdanowicz & Woloszynova 1949 (Foraminifera).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doweld, Alexander B

    2016-01-01

    The generic name Dogielina was proposed by Sobolev (in Skrjabin & al. 1950: 68; for Physaloptera inexpectata Dogiel & Bychowsky 1939: 93, type species by original designation) for a parasitic nematode of the fishes from the western shores of the Caspian Sea (Sara Island) of the former USSR (now Azerbaijan: Sarı adası, Nərimanabad). However, this name is already preoccupied by a fossil Foraminifera Dogielina Bogdanowicz & Woloszynova (1949: 185), published earlier in the same year (see note on publication dates below), which is in active current use in palaeontology and even served as a basis for a specific geological Dogielina sarmatica biozone in the Upper Miocene stratigraphy of Eurasia (Krézsek & Filipescu 2005). Besides this earliest generic name, a later homonym is also known in Protista: Dogielina Raabe (1959: 448) [Infusoria]. PMID:27395113

  10. Theoretical and empirical applications of petroleum production function framework for analysis of the Phenomenon of Plenty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey Uzhegov

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The current study examines how analysis of the Phenomenon of Plenty, paradox of economic underperformance of resource-rich nations, could benefit from theoretical and empirical application of suggested petroleum production function framework, basing on sample oil-abundant countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, in particular Russia, Azerbaijan, and Kazakhstan. Proposed approach displays capacity of oil-economy production function to shed light on larger scope of theoretical issues. Empirical testing of suggested theoretical framework exhibited ability of proxied components of devised production function, capturing main metrics of the Phenomenon of Plenty and additionally factoring in corruption, to exert a strong impact on the majority of twelve principal macroeconomic indicators monitored by CIS supra-national institutions: with most pronounced influence on gross domestic product, industrial production, capital investments, and export to CIS countries.

  11. Prevalence of Cercariae Infection in Lymnaea auricularia (Linnaeus, 1758 in NorthWest of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas Imani-Baran

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The pond snail Lymnaea auricularia serves as an intermediate host for many digenian species. In West Azerbaijan province, northwestern Iran, the cercariae infection investigation was undertaken in L. auricularia from May to November 2010. Of 6759 collected Lymnaeid snails, 370(5.5% L. auricularia snails were identified. Cercariae infection was found in a number of 276 (74.56 % snails. The results showed that removed cercariae from L. auricularia belonged to Echinostomcercariae (96.38 % and Furcocercariae (3.62 % which were found in two out of 28 sites during the course of study. In summer and fall, the highest prevalence of cercariae infection was recorded for both identified cercariae. It is concluded that L. auricularia could be an important intermediate host of large group digenian trematodes in the region, which is necessary to take consideration in the control program of trematode infection.

  12. A Y-STR database of Iranian and Azerbaijanian minority populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roewer, Lutz; Willuweit, Sascha; Stoneking, Mark; Nasidze, Ivan

    2009-12-01

    Seventeen Y-chromosomal short tandem repeats (Y-STR) DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385a, DYS385b, DYS437, DYS438, DYS439, DYS448, DYS456, DYS458, DYS635 and GATA H4 were studied in five minor linguistic groups from Iran (Arabs, Gilaki, Mazandarani, Bakhtiari and Southern Talysh) and one from Azerbaijan (Northern Talysh) with the goal of constructing of a representative Y-STR database for this region in Southwest Asia. Analysis of Molecular Variance (AMOVA) reveals non-significant or low genetic distances between the Iranian Gilaki, Mazandarani, Bakhtiari and non-Iranian Turkish, Azerbaijanian, Armenian and Kurd populations, but larger genetic distances to both Talysh populations, the Iranian Arabs, Georgian and Kazakh populations. PMID:19948326

  13. Global Electricity Trade Network: Structures and Implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Ling; Jia, Xiaoping; Chiu, Anthony S F; Xu, Ming

    2016-01-01

    Nations increasingly trade electricity, and understanding the structure of the global power grid can help identify nations that are critical for its reliability. This study examines the global grid as a network with nations as nodes and international electricity trade as links. We analyze the structure of the global electricity trade network and find that the network consists of four sub-networks, and provide a detailed analysis of the largest network, Eurasia. Russia, China, Ukraine, and Azerbaijan have high betweenness measures in the Eurasian sub-network, indicating the degrees of centrality of the positions they hold. The analysis reveals that the Eurasian sub-network consists of seven communities based on the network structure. We find that the communities do not fully align with geographical proximity, and that the present international electricity trade in the Eurasian sub-network causes an approximately 11 million additional tons of CO2 emissions. PMID:27504825

  14. The Gulf and the Caspian: who gets to have their cake - and eat it as well?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Contractual developments in Central Asia and the Middle East and their impact on the petroleum industry are reviewed. Until recently, both regions were mostly closed to investment by the international oil companies. As of late 1998, however, all countries in the two regions, apart from Saudi Arabia, have opened, or are planning to open their doors to foreign investment. The contractual terms being offered, the relative severity of the fiscal terms and the response of the oil companies are examined for the Gulf states of Iraq, Iran and Kuwait, and Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan in the Caspian region. It is concluded that fiscal terms in the Caspian states will become increasingly attractive, while the Gulf states should, subject to political considerations, be in a much stronger position both to attract foreign investment dollars and to ask a high economic rent for the state. (UK)

  15. Radiation chemical conversion of oil derived from oil-bitumen rock

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The results of research in the radiation processing of synthetic oil derived from oil-bitumen rock of the Balakhany deposit in Azerbaijan are presented. The study has been conducted on a 60Co gamma-source at a dose rate of P = 0.5 Gy/s and various absorbed doses of D = 43-216 kGy. Samples of synthetic oil from natural bitumen rocks have been analyzed by chromatography, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and IR-spectroscopy, and their radiation resistance has been evaluated. The results of the study allow for both assessment of the feasibility of manufacturing petrochemicals for various applications by radiation processing and use of these materials for isolating radioactive sources to preclude their impact on the environment. (authors)

  16. Studies on Intestinal Helminthiasis in Dickleh, Arasbaran, Northwest Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. MOBEDI

    1971-07-01

    Full Text Available Stool examinations undertaken among 961 inhabitants ora few villages ~ ~ in Dickleh, Azerbaijan, northwest Iran, revealed the presence of Ascaris among 62 ~j:J of the persons examined. In addition, 17.3 ~~<;, 8 ~~--;'; and 1~>;; were found infected respectively with 1'. trichiura, Trichostrongylus spp. and H. nana. The eggs of Oxyuris and Taenia were seen in the stool of 3.4 II ( and 1./5 (J 0 respectively, and 3 patients passed the larvae of Strongyloides stercora/ is. The factors responsible for the finding of higher rates of infection with most of these parasites in another area (Kalibar, which is very close to this area, are discussed.

  17. Georgian – Turkish Relations since the Breakdown of Soviet Union

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatih Mehmet SAYIN

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes Georgian - Turkish relations since the collapse of the Soviet Union. Georgia managed to establish relations with Turkey only after gaining independence. Nowadays Georgia has very close relations with its Southern neighbor. Due to its strategic location, Georgia occupies a significant place in Turkish foreign policy. Georgia is a necessary bridge connecting Turkey with Azerbaijan and Central Asian States. Furthermore, Georgia has become a key transit route for Caspian energy resources. For Georgia Turkey is a window to Europe and the largest trade partner. The main goal of this article is to analyze various aspects of Turkish – Georgian relations and co-operation in different fields. There is outstanding cooperation between Turkey and Georgia in the fields such as energy, transport, economy, trade, defense, security etc.

  18. Impact of Fiscal Decentralization on Non-Oil Economic Growth in a ResourceRich Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fakhri HASANOV

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The paper investigates effects of fiscal decentralization on non-oil sector development in case of Azerbaijan for the quarterly period of 2002 through 2013. Results obtained from Autoregressive Distributed Lag Bounds Testing approach show that share of local expenditures and revenues in total, measures of fiscal decentralization, have negative impact on non-oil GDP. This finding is consistent with other studies outcomes and can be considered adequate for the Azerbaijani economy due to the number of institutional constraints. The results of the research would provide a good insight for policy makers in implementing economic reforms to develop institutional aspects of decentralization and thus make it supportive for non-oil economic growth

  19. Determinants of Farmers’ Participation in Horticulturebased Extension Programs in Iran: Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morteza Akbari

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to discover the determinants of farmers’ participation in horticulture-based Education programs in the Western Azerbaijan province, Iran. Using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB, the study also tries to make a comparison between participants and non-participants, who have achieved in this program. A sample of 231 farmers (137 participants and 94 non-participants was selected based on a stratified random sampling method. Data gathering instrument was a questionnaire that its validity was approved by a group of experts and its reliability was confirmed by calculating Cronbach's alpha (α=0.71. The results showed that, there were significant differences between participants and non-participants in agricultural education programs in terms of all the TPB contexts. Additionally, the results of the regression analysis showed that attitude to how thinking and decision and subjective norms were the best determinants of farmers’ participation.

  20. Ekonomik Büyümenin Belirleyicileri ve 2008 Krizi: Orta Asya Ülkeleri ve Türkiye Ekonomisi İçin Panel Veri Analizi(The Determinats of Economic Growth and 2008 Crisis: Panel Data Analysis for Central Asia Countries and Turkey’s Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet MERCAN

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study the determinants of economic growth and the effects of 2008 global economic crisis on growth were analysed by using 1990-2012 periods’ annual data in the sample of Turkey and Central Asia Countries (Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. The 2008 crisis started in the USA in mid-2008 in mortgage markets and also affected the financial markets and the reel sector and it spread all over European Countries (EU and the world from September 2008 and it caused a shrink in world economy by 2.3 % and distorted the macroeconomic balances of countries including in particular the economic growth. According to the empirical findings of the analysis the government expenditures, the export and the private consumption expenditure in order made the most contribution to the countries’ economic growth. Effect of the crisis on economic growth was negative and statistically significant.

  1. An application of MC-SDSS for water supply management during a drought crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeihouni, Mehrdad; Toomanian, Ara; Alavipanah, Seyed Kazem; Shahabi, Mahmoud; Bazdar, Saba

    2015-07-01

    Climate change influences many countries' rainfall patterns and temperatures. In Iran, population growth has increased water demands. Tabriz is the capital of East Azerbaijan province, in northwestern Iran. A large proportion of the water required for this city is supplied from dams; thus, it is important to find alternatives to supply water for this city, which is the largest industrial city in northwestern Iran. In this paper, the groundwater quality was assessed using 70 wells in Tabriz Township. This work seeks to define the spatial distribution of groundwater quality parameters such as chloride, electrical conductivity (EC), pH, hardness, and sulfate using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and geostatistics; map groundwater quality for drinking purposes employing multiple-criteria decision-making (MCDM), such as the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and fuzzy logic, in the study area; and develop an Spatial Decision Support System (SDSS) for managing a water crisis in the region. The map produced by the AHP is more accurate than the map produced using fuzzy logic because in the AHP, priorities were assigned to each parameter based on the weights given by water quality experts. The final map indicates that the groundwater quality increases from the north to the south and from the west to the east within the study area. During critical conditions, the groundwater quality maps and the presented SDSS core can be utilized by East Azerbaijan Regional Water Company to develop an SDSS to drill new wells or to select existing wells to supply drinking water to Tabriz City. PMID:26038321

  2. Power, Profits, and Politics: Energy Security and Cooperation in Eurasia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Svyatets, Ekaterina

    This study explores varying outcomes of energy cooperation, defined as diplomatic relations, bilateral trade, and investment in oil and natural gas. Tests of theories pertinent to energy security - broadly speaking, realism, liberalism, and domestic politics---reveal that they alone can offer only a narrow and one-sided explanation, not embracing the complexity of energy issues. Nevertheless, using them as a starting point, this study outlined a structured framework that incorporates three variables---economic potential, geopolitical rivalry, and domestic interest groups---that are applied to the cases of U.S.-Russia, U.S.-Azerbaijan, and Russia-Germany energy ties. This study concludes that if the economic potential (defined by geographic proximity and resource availability) is very high, such as in the case of Russia-Germany, states can overcome geopolitical rivalries and historical enmities in favor of energy cooperation. However, if the economic potential is relatively low (because of geographic obstacles or easily available alternative suppliers, as in the cases of U.S.-Russia and U.S.-Azerbaijan), then geopolitics prevails---for example, to bypass Russia or to limit American access to contracts in Russia when U.S.-Russian relations are strained. In all the cases explored here, domestic interest groups have mixed influence: if they are united along energy issues, they usually successfully achieve their energy policy goals, although the impact of these groups often becomes intertwined with state interests. In other situations, when powerful interest groups are divided or focused on non-energy-related issues (such as ethnic priorities), their influence over energy deals is much lower.

  3. Evaluation of Microbial Quality in Biosolids Generated from Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B Ghoreishi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Qualitative evaluation of sewage sludge before any kind of application is essential. The present study was aimed to investigate Total coliform, Fecal coliform and Salmonella in sewage sludge produced at wastewater treatment plants in Azerbaijan Province, Iran. Materials and Methods: Nine wastewater treatment plants were chosen in East Azerbaijan Province, and their sludge from drying bed was studied. Total coliforms, thermo-tolerant coliforms, and Salmonella spp., were surveyed during winter time, 2015. Total and thermos-tolerant coliforms were enumerated by EPA method 1680 and salmonella was counted using EPA method 1682.   Results: In the case of total coliform, sludge sample from Jolfa with 1.82×106 MPN/g showed the highest contamination, while Sarab showed lowest fecal coliform count with 2.02×103 MPN/g. As in the case for fecal coliform, the bacteria count for thermo-tolerant coliforms was higher in Jolfa than other cities; on the other hand, Ahar with no fecal coliform count or less than 2.2 showed the minimum contamination rate to fecal coliforms. In case of Salmonella spp., sludge samples from Ahar and Bostan Abad did not show any salmonella. While sludge sample from Tabriz wastewater treatment plant was determined as the most contaminant sludge with bacteria count equal to 84 per  g. Moreover, sludge sample from Sarab wastewater treatment plant showed the least contamination rate, and bacteria count was 6 per  g. Conclusion: From the stand point of microbial quality, all sludge samples met class B standards set by USEPA, while none of them could provide class A standards. Thus, special precautions must be taken in case of soil amendments by the sludge produced from wastewater treatment plants. 

  4. Detection of Rare Beta Globin Gene Mutations in Northwestern Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Haghi

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Recent molecular studies on Iranian β-thalassemia genes revealed the presence of eight common mutations associated with thalassemia. Although these mutations are frequent, there are other rare and unknown mutations that can create large problems in designing preventive programs. We detected and explained the common mutations in north-western Iran previously and detection of the rare and unknown mutations could be useful in diagnosis and design of future preventive programs. Methods: In this study, 5ml peripheral blood from 20 Azari- β-thalassemia patients whose mutation was not revealed in the previous study was collected and DNA extraction was done by isopropanol and proteinase k method. Initially, samples were examined for the rare mutations: Codon6, Codon16, Codon41/42, Codon36/37, -88 and Codon22 by ARMS – PCR techniques and then the unknown cases were directly sequenced. Results: According to our results, Codon15(TGG-TGA, Codon16(-C, Codon36/37(-T, IVSII-848(C-A, IVSII-745(C-G, -28(A-C( and Codon25/26(+T were recognized and added to the spectrom of beta globin gene mutations in Azerbaijan and Iran. Also, we detected four SNP sites: 5’UTR+20(C-T, Codon2 (CAC-CAT , IVSII-16(C-G and IVSII-666(T-C in β-thalassemia genes. Conclusion: Our results could be useful for developing molecular screening plans and help prenatal diagnosis of beta thalassemia in Azerbaijan , Iran and other neighboring countries.

  5. Changes in the provision of institutionalized mental health care in post-communist countries.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian P Mundt

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: General psychiatric and forensic psychiatric beds, supported housing and the prison population have been suggested as indicators of institutionalized mental health care. According to the Penrose hypothesis, decreasing psychiatric bed numbers may lead to increasing prison populations. The study aimed to assess indicators of institutionalized mental health care in post-communist countries during the two decades following the political change, and to explore whether the data are consistent with the Penrose hypothesis in that historical context. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: General psychiatric and forensic psychiatric bed numbers, supported housing capacities and the prison population rates were collected in Azerbaijan, Belarus, Croatia, Czech Republic, East Germany, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Russia and Slovenia. Percentage change of indicators over the decades 1989-1999, 1999-2009 and the whole period of 1989-2009 and correlations between changes of different indicators were calculated. Between 1989 and 2009, the number of general psychiatric beds was reduced in all countries. The decrease ranged from -11% in Croatia to -51% in East Germany. In 2009, the bed numbers per 100,000 population ranged from 44.7 in Azerbaijan to 134.4 in Latvia. Forensic psychiatric bed numbers and supported housing capacities increased in most countries. From 1989-2009, trends in the prison population ranged from a decrease of -58% in East Germany to an increase of 43% in Belarus and Poland. Trends in different indicators of institutionalised care did not show statistically significant associations. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: After the political changes in 1989, post-communist countries experienced a substantial reduction in general psychiatric hospital beds, which in some countries may have partly been compensated by an increase in supported housing capacities and more forensic psychiatric beds. Changes in the prison population are

  6. Active faulting and natural hazards in Armenia, eastern Turkey and northwestern Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karakhanian, Arkady S.; Trifonov, Vladimir G.; Philip, Herve; Avagyan, Ara; Hessami, Khaled; Jamali, Farshad; Salih Bayraktutan, M.; Bagdassarian, H.; Arakelian, S.; Davtian, V.; Adilkhanyan, A.

    2004-03-01

    Active fault zones of Armenia, SE Turkey and NW Iran present a diverse set of interrelated natural hazards. Three regional case studies in this cross-border zone are examined to show how earthquakes interact with other hazards to increase the risk of natural disaster. In northern Armenia, a combination of several natural and man-made phenomena (earthquakes, landslides and unstable dams with toxic wastes) along the Pambak-Sevan-Sunik fault (PSSF) zone lowers from 0.4 to 0.2-0.3 g the maximum permissible level (MPL) of seismic hazard that may induce disastrous destruction and loss of life in the adjacent Vanadzor depression. In the Ararat depression, a large active fault-bounded pull-apart basin at the junction of borders of Armenia, Turkey, Iran and Azerbaijan, an earthquake in 1840 was accompanied by an eruption of Ararat Volcano, lahars, landslides, floods, soil subsidence and liquefaction. The case study demonstrates that natural hazards that are secondary with respect to earthquakes may considerably increase the damage and the casualties and increase the risk associated with the seismic impact. The North Tabriz-Gailatu fault system poses a high seismic hazard to the border areas of NW Iran, eastern Turkey, Nakhichevan (Azerbaijan) and southern Armenia. Right-lateral strike-slip motions along the North Tabriz fault have given rise to strong earthquakes, which threaten the city of Tabriz with its population of 1.2 million. The examples illustrate how the concentration of natural hazards in active fault zones increases the risk associated with strong earthquakes in Armenia, eastern Turkey and NW Iran. This generally occurs across the junctions of international borders. Hence, the transboundary character of active faults requires transboundary cooperation in the study and mitigation of the natural risk.

  7. LIDAR for remote sensing of contaminations on water and earth surfaces taking place during oil-gas production

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pashayev, A.; Tagiyev, B.; Allahverdiyev, K.; Musayev, A.; Sadikhov, I.

    2015-12-01

    Remote sensing of contaminations on water and earth surfaces (oil spills, films) taking place during oil-gas extraction is an interesting and actual problem. This problem may be solved by using different methods of optical spectroscopy, including: •Raman scattering; •light induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS); •fluorescence spectroscopy. Fluorescence Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) LIDARs are successfully used for remote sensing of chemical and biological substances at atmosphere. A new laser induced fluorescence (LIF) KA-14 LIDAR system for detecting of oil spills on the sea surface was employed at the National Aviation Academy of Azerbaijan. LIDAR's parameters are as follows: •laser CFR 200- type QUANTEL, λ = 355 nm, beam Ø = 5.35 mm, f = 20 Hz, pulse duration τ = 7 ns, pulse power 60 mJ; •diameter of Newtonian- type telescope is 200 mm; •collimator expansion of the laser beam diameter- not less than 3; •angle range of telescope measurements relative to horizon: from -20 to +20 degree; •spectral range of measurements: from 380 to 750 nm, number of spectral channels- 32; •maximum range of measurements- not less than 250 m. This LIDAR is the first performing these kind of research not only on the Azerbaijan beach of Caspian sea, but also on the earth places of Absheron peninsula, where oil-gas production takes place. We hope that the performance of LIDAR will have an International recognition and will make noticeable input on the International Research of Caspian sea surfaces.

  8. Climatic Suitability of Growing Summer Squash (Cucurbita pepo L. as a Medicinal Plant in Iran

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    Mohammad BANNAYAN

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Diversification of production by including a broader range of plant species, can significantly contribute to improve health and nutrition, livelihoods, household food security and ecological sustainability. Exploring the climate impact on any given crop is one of the first priorities to find new suitable areas for production and management of new crops. Summer squash (Cucurbita pepo L. is an economically valuable plant with various medicinal potentials. In order to investigate summer squash cultivation feasibility under Iran�s climate, three main agricultural regions (Azerbaijan, Khorasan and central part of Iran (Fars and Isfahan were selected. These regions suitability for summer squash cultivation were evaluated by considering three vital climate variables encompass temperature, precipitation, and sunshine hours. These regions show distinct and representative climatic conditions of Iran. Annual and growing season average of maximum, minimum, mean temperature, precipitation, and sunshine hours were calculated (May-September for all locations with 44 years historical weather data (1961-2005 for 8 locations (Oroomieh, Tabriz, Khoy, Mashhad, Sabzevar, Birjand, Shiraz and Isfahan, 39 years (1966-2005 for 2 locations (Kashan and Fassa, 28 years (1977-2005 for 4 locations (Ardebil, Abadeh, Bojnurd and Shargh Isfahan and 20 years (1985-2005 for 9 locations (Mahabad, Sarab, Maragheh, Parsabad, Khalkhal, Ferdous, Ghaen, Kashmar and Sarakhs. Climatic demands of summer squash were determined by four years field studies at four different locations in Iran. Our results showed Azerbaijan region has a suitable condition for this crop cultivation especially from precipitation and temperature perspectives. Central part of Iran and Khorasan were also found as partly suitable locations however as they are near to deserts with hotter and drier climate, there might be some other crops considered as priorities in these areas.

  9. Local Technical Resources for Development of Seismic Monitoring in Caucasus and Central Asia - GMSys2009 Data Acquisition System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chkhaidze, D.; Basilaia, G.; Elashvili, M.; Shishlov, D.; Bidzinashvili, G.

    2012-12-01

    Caucasus and Central Asia represents regions of high seismic activity, composing a significant part of Alpine-Himalayan continental collision zone. Natural catastrophic events cause significant damage to the infrastructure worldwide, among these approximately ninety percent of the annual loss is due to earthquakes. Monitoring of Seismic Activity in these regions and adequate assessment of Seismic Hazards represents indispensible condition for safe and stable development. Existence of critical engineering constructions in the Caucasus and Central Asia such as oil and gas pipelines, high dams and nuclear power plants dramatically raises risks associated with natural hazards and eliminates necessity of proper monitoring systems. Our initial efforts were focused on areas that we are most familiar; the geophysical community in the greater Caucuses and Central Asia experiencing many of the same problems with the monitoring equipment. As a result, during the past years GMSys2009 was develop at the Institute of Earth Sciences of Ilia State University. Equipment represents a cost-effective, multifunctional Geophysical Data Acquisition System (DAS) to monitor seismic waves propagating in the earth and related geophysical parameters. Equipment best fits local requirements concerning power management, environmental protection and functionality, the same time competing commercial units available on the market. During past several years more than 30 units were assembled and what is most important installed in Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Tajikistan. GMSys2009 utilizes standard MiniSEED data format and data transmission protocols, making it possible online waveform data sharing between the neighboring Countries in the region and international community. All the mentioned installations were technically supported by the group of engineers from the Institute of Earth Sciences, on site trainings for local personnel in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Tajikistan was provided creating a

  10. AN ASSESSMENT ON UPPER KARABAKH ISSUE AND TURKEY-ARMENIA RELATIONS YUKARI KARABAĞ SORUNU VE TÜRKİYE-ERMENİSTAN İLİŞKİLERİ ÜZERİNE BİR DEĞERLENDİRME

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    Mustafa GÖKÇE

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The Upper Karabakh issue has been one of the most important issues affecting stability in Caucasia after the fall of Soviets. In Karabakh which is a historical Turkish native country, Armenians were placed as from the Russia of Tsarizm and a region where the Armenians have a high population was created within the Azerbaijan lands. This field which is a mountainous region located in the upper parts of Karabakh is called Upper Karabakh or Nagorno- Karabakh. Due to the activities of Armenians settling in the region, conflicts started to happen as of the 19th Century and when came to 20th Century, these conflicts confronted us as a serious issue. During the fall of Soviets that have continued the population policies of the Russia of Tsarizm, the conflicts in Azerbaijan lands awaked again. In Upper Karabakh issue, Turkey has been seen as an important actor that would affect the process because of its historical and cultural bonds with Azerbaijan and also being a border neighbour to the region. While its military intervention in the region was discussed at the process when conflicts were experienced, Turkey has followed a more cautious policy and made efforts for solving the problem through peaceful ways at an international platform. Turkey, which is among the countries first recognizing the independencies of Azerbaijan and Armenia, has given importance to the Upper Karabakh issue in its relations with these countries. Being on the side of Azerbaijan, Turkey has closed the border of Armenia as a sanction. Within this scope, the relations started with Armenia were broken in a short time. And the steps taken towards normalizing the relations recently didn’t give any positive results due to the historical problems with Armenia and the continuation of occupancy in Azerbaijan lands. Yukarı Karabağ sorunu, Sovyetlerin çöküşünden sonra Kafkasya’daki istikrarı etkileyen sorunların başında yer almaktadır. Tarihi bir Türk yurdu olan Karaba

  11. The political economy of oil in post-Soviet Kazakhstan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omarova, Saule Tarikhovna

    This dissertation examines the way in which the Kazakhstani state redefined its role in managing oil and gas resources between 1992 and 1998. The governments of hydrocarbon-rich post-Soviet republics such as Russia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, and Turkmenistan faced the common challenge of restructuring their petroleum industries to boost the export of oil and gas. This study argues that by 1998 three patterns have emerged, ranging from a more radical state retrenchment in Russia, to reinforced state monopoly in Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan, to a "mixed" pattern of state participation in Kazakhstan, consisting of both large-scale privatization of oil assets and the formation of a fully state-owned national oil company, Kazakhoil. This dissertation analyzes the process of restructuring Kazakhstan's oil sector through comparison with the Russian petroleum industry. In Russia, several private, vertically integrated oil companies (VICs) were formed on the basis of existing oil-producing units and soon emerged as essential players in the Russian oil sector. By contrast, Kazakhstan's marginalized status within the Soviet system of oil production resulted in the absence of organizationally strong sectoral interests capable of claiming control over the industry after the independence. Privatization of Kazakhstan's oil enterprises, conducted by the government in spite of the resistance from local oil managers, transferred controlling stakes to foreign investors and further weakened domestic oil interests. Unencumbered state autonomy allowed the increasingly authoritarian Kazakhstani government to adopt relatively modern and investor-friendly petroleum legislation by decree. In Russia, the government's efforts to reform oil-related legislation were blocked by the leftist-dominated Duma, the democratically elected lower chamber of the Russian parliament. On the basis of these findings, this dissertation concludes that the dynamics of state withdrawal from the oil sector in post

  12. EU Humanitarian Programs and regional identity in the South Caucasus

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    Arkhipova Ekaterina Vladimirovna

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available EU Humanitarian Programs in the Southern Caucasus States are considered in the article. The increasing number and importance of the programs developing person-toperson contacts for the conflicting areas are noted. The influence of TRACECA and INOGATE programs was very significant in developing the local economies. Humanitarian aspects became important since 1992 when the first peace-building conferences of the Minsk group on Nagorno-Karabakh conflict took place. The political cooperation was institutionalized in 2004 with the implementing the European Neighborhood program. According to the “Eastern Partnership” a number of grants was offered to develop so called “new democracies”. A lot of educational programs provided the space for the personal cooperation in the area now are implementing. Mobility Partnerships program provides the regional cooperation in the migration policy. Consequently all the EU programs make the European volumes popular for the Caucasian inhabitants. That’s why the author puts the question about possible transformations in the regional identity. The states elites declare the importance for developing close contacts with EU institutes. Still there are some arguable issues. The status of sexual minorities in Azerbaijan provides the base for the mutual discontent in their relations with EU. Yet Azerbaijan has enough financial resources (based on the petrol supplies to reduce the EU influence in some objectionable fields. Georgia under M. Saakashvili ruling showed a strong trend towards EU and “Western” values on the whole. But this trend was mainly based on the strategies of the state financial surviving. There are some evidences proving that the main target of this police was to make a distance from the Russian policy. Armenia may be introduces as the state with strong interests in European cooperation for developing its economy. But there are also some important projects connecting Armenia with Russia, still

  13. Assessment of electrocardiography, echocardiography, and heart rate variability in dynamic and static type athletes

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    Ataei A

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Mehrnoush Toufan,1 Babak Kazemi,1 Fariborz Akbarzadeh,1 Amin Ataei,1 Majid Khalili21Cardiovascular Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; 2Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Baku, AzerbaijanBackground: Over the last two decades, morphological cardiac changes induced by athletic conditioning have been of great interest. Therefore, several studies have been orchestrated to delineate electrocardiography (ECG, echocardiography, and heart rate variability (HRV findings in athletes.Purpose: To assess the ECG, echocardiography, and HRV in a group of dynamic and static type athletes.Methods: Fifty professional athletes (20 static and 30 dynamic exercise athletes and 50 healthy nonathletes (control group were recruited. Standard 12-lead ECG and transthoracic echocardiography was performed on all athletes and the control group. Through echocardiography, variables including left ventricular (LV end-diastolic/systolic diameter, LV mass, and left atrial volume index were measured. In addition, both the athletes and the control group underwent ECG Holter monitoring for 15 minutes and several parameters related to HRV (time and frequency domain were recorded.Results: The most common ECG abnormalities among the athletes were sinus bradycardia and incomplete right bundle branch block. LV end-diastolic diameter and left atrial volume index were significantly greater in the dynamic athletes (P < 0.001. LV end-systolic diameter was significantly lower in the static group (P < 0.001. LV mass of the dynamic and static athletes was significantly greater than that of the controls (P < 0.001. Among the ECG Holter monitoring findings, the dynamic athletes had lower systolic blood pressure than the controls (P = 0.01. Heart rate was lowest in the control group (P < 0.001.Conclusion: The most common ECG abnormalities among adolescent Iranian athletes were sinus bradycardia and incomplete right bundle branch block. Static exercise seemed

  14. Comparison of Scheimpflug imaging parameters between steep and keratoconic corneas of Caucasian eyes

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    Huseynova T

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Tukezban Huseynova,1 Farah Abdulaliyeva,2 Michele Lanza3 1Briz-L Eye Clinic, 2National Ophthalmology Center, Baku, Azerbaijan; 3Second University of Naples, Caserta, Campania, Italy Purpose: To compare the keratometric and pachymetric parameters of healthy eyes with those affected by steep cornea and keratoconus (KC using Scheimpflug camera.Setting: Briz-L Eye Clinic, Baku, Azerbaijan.Design: A cross-sectional study.Methods: In this study, 49 KC (Amsler–Krumeich stage 1 eyes and 36 healthy eyes were enrolled. A complete ophthalmic evaluation and a Scheimpflug camera scan were performed in every eye included in the study. Tomographic parameters such as parameters from the front and back cornea, maximum keratometry reading (Kmax, corneal volume (CV, anterior chamber volume (ChV, anterior chamber depth (ACD, anterior chamber angle (AC angle, keratometric power deviation (KPD, maximum front elevation (Max FE, and maximum back elevation (Max BE, as well as pachymetric progression indices (PPI, Ambrosio relational thickness (ART, index of surface variance (ISV, index of vertical asymmetry (IVA, center keratoconus index (CKI, index of height asymmetry (IHA, index of height decentration (IHD, and radius minimum (RM were collected and statistically compared between the two groups.Results: PPI, ART, ISV, IVA, CKI, IHA, IHD, and RM parameter values were significantly different (P<0.05 between the KC and healthy eyes. There were no significant differences in K mean and Q values of the frontal corneal parameters, as well as in Kmax, AC angle, RM, back, and front astigmatism, between stage 1 keratoconic and normal Caucasian eyes with steep cornea. All other parameters such as K mean and Q values of the back corneal parameters, Max FE, Max BE, ACD, ChV, and CV showed significant differences between the groups (P<0.05 for all. Conclusion: Scheimpflug imaging is able to detect corneal morphological differences between stage 1 KC eyes and healthy eyes with

  15. [The malaria situation in the WHO eastern Mediterranean region].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beljaev, A E

    2000-01-01

    About 45% of the population of the Eastern Mediterranean Region live under the risk of both falciparum and vivax malaria, and additional 15% under the risk of P. vivax alone. The estimated annual number of malaria cases is about 14 million, out of which 95% occur in four countries: Afghanistan, Somalia, Sudan and Yemen. In Afghanistan malaria is endemic throughout the country at altitude below 1500 m. About 80-90% of malaria cases belong to P. vivax, the rest to P. falciparum (the latter is prevalent mostly in the South and in Badakhshan). In Islamic Republic of Iran 16% of the population live in initially non-malarious areas, 66% in areas freed from malaria, 12% in areas with sporadic transmission, mostly of P. vivax, and only 6% in areas of continuous transmission with a high proportion of P. falciparum. As much as 77% of the recorded cases belong to the latter territories. Iraq. After the Gulf war, the situation deteriorated in the three north-eastern governorates, and malaria spread outside this area and rooted in the south (Basra). Syria. Transmission of P. vivax still occurs, mostly along the western part of the border with Turkey and in the north-eastern corner of the country. At present, there are three areas that causes concern along borders between the European and Eastern Mediterranean Regions: Afghanistan is a source of importation of malaria to all its neighbours; areas on the borders between Iran, Azerbaijan and, to some extent, Armenia; 4 northern governorates of Iraq and parts of southeastern Turkey, with repercussions in Syria and, to a Lesser extent in Iran, along its western border. To some extent, Cyprus is also threatened, since importation of malaria to the northern part of the island from Turkey has been documented. In practical terms, there is a need for co-ordination of antivectorial activities and standardization of control methods between the countries with strong programmes and relatively intense transmission in border areas, i

  16. Individual and community level socioeconomic inequalities in contraceptive use in 10 Newly Independent States: a multilevel cross-sectional analysis

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    Janevic Teresa

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Little is known regarding the association between socioeconomic factors and contraceptive use in the Newly Independent States (NIS, countries that have experienced profound changes in reproductive health services during the transition from socialism to a market economy. Methods Using 2005–2006 data from Demographic Health Surveys (Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Moldova and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan, we examined associations between individual and community socioeconomic status with current modern contraceptive use (MCU among N = 55,204 women aged 15–49 married or in a union. Individual socioeconomic status was measured using quintiles of wealth index and education level (higher than secondary school, secondary school or less. Community socioeconomic status was measured as the percentage of households in the poorest quintile of the nationals household wealth index (0%, 0–25%, or greater than 25%. We used multilevel logistic regression to estimate associations adjusted for age, number of children, urban/rural, and socioeconomic variables. Results MCU varied by country from 14% (in Azerbaijan to 62% (in Belarus. Overall, women living in the poorest communities were less likely than those in the richest to use modern contraceptives (adjusted odds ratio (aOR = 0.82, 95% Confidence Interval = 0.76, 0.89. Similarly, there was an increasing odds of MCU with increasing individual-level wealth. Women with a lower level of education also had lower odds of MCU than those with a higher level of education (aOR = .75, 95%CI = 0.71, 0.79. In country-specific analyses, community-level socioeconomic inequalities were apparent in 4 of 10 countries; in contrast, inequalities by individual-level wealth were apparent in 7 countries and by education in 8 countries. All countries in which community-level socioeconomic status was associated with

  17. Helicobacter pylori vacA i region polymorphism but not babA2 status associated to gastric cancer risk in northwestern Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mottaghi, Batool; Safaralizadeh, Reza; Bonyadi, Morteza; Latifi-Navid, Saeid; Somi, Mohammad Hossein

    2016-02-01

    Helicobacter pylori-specific genotypes have been strongly associated with an increased risk of gastric cancer (GC). The aim of the present work was to study the associations of H. pylori virulence factors, vacA i region polymorphisms and babA2 status with GC risk in Azerbaijan patients. The DNA extracted from gastric biopsy specimens was used to access the babA2 and vacA genotypes. Overall, babA2 was present in 85.39 % (76/89) of H. pylori strains: 19 out of 24 (79.16 %) strains from GC, 16 out of 17 (94.14 %) strains from peptic ulcer disease (PUD) and 41 out of 48 (85.14 %) strains from chronic gastritis. No significant association was found between babA2 genotype and clinical outcomes (P > 0.05). i1 vacA polymorphism was detected in 46/89 (51.68 %) strains: in 21/24 (87.5 %), 6/17 (35.29 %) and 19/48 (39.58 %) patients with GC, PUD and chronic gastritis, respectively. i2 allele was detected in 43 (48.31 %) out of all 89 strains examined: 3 (14.28 %) of 24 strains from GC, 11 (64.71 %) of 17 from PUD, and 29 (60.42 %) of 48 strains from chronic gastritis. In this study, multiple linear regression analysis confirmed the strong association of i1 allele with GC (partial regression correlation 0.455 ± 0.101; P = 0). Results of multiple logistic regression analysis showed that vacA i1 genotype was significantly associated with GC compared with a control group (gastritis) (odds ratio 13.142, 95 % CI 3.116-55.430; P = 0). Findings from the measurement of H. pylori babA2 and vacA genotypes indicate a strong correlation between the vacA i1 allele and GC risk in the Azerbaijan area of Iran.

  18. Adjunctive treatment with aripiprazole for risperidone-induced hyperprolactinemia

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    Ranjbar F

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Fatemeh Ranjbar,1 Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani,2,3 Parisa Niari Khams,1 Asghar Arfaie,1 Azim Salari,4 Mostafa Farahbakhsh1 1Clinical Psychiatry Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, East Azerbaijan, Iran; 2Road Traffic Injury Research Center, Department of Statistics & Epidemiology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; 3World Health Organization Collaborating Center on Community Safety Promotion, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden; 4Emam Khomeini Hospital, Naghadeh, West Azerbaijan, Iran Background: Antipsychotics have been used for more than 50 years in the treatment of schizophrenia and many other psychiatric disorders. Prolactin levels usually increase in patients treated with risperidone. Aripiprazole, which has a unique effect as an antipsychotic, is a D2 receptor partial agonist. It is an atypical antipsychotic with limited extrapyramidal symptoms. Since it acts as an antagonist in hyperdopaminergic conditions and as an agonist in hypodopaminergic conditions, it does not have adverse effects on serum prolactin levels. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of aripiprazole on risperidone-induced hyperprolactinemia. Methods: This before-and-after clinical trial was performed in 30 patients. Baseline prolactin levels were measured in all patients who were candidates for treatment with risperidone. In subjects with elevated serum prolactin, aripiprazole was added to their treatment. Serum prolactin levels were measured during the first week, second week, and monthly thereafter for at least 3 months or until prolactin levels became normal. The data were analyzed using Stata version 11 software. Survival analysis and McNemar’s test were also performed. Results: The mean age of the participants was 30.8 years. Prolactin levels normalized in 23 (77% participants during the study, and menstrual disturbances normalized in 25 (83.3%. Prolactin levels normalized in most patients between days 50

  19. Caspian energy phase II: Beyond 2005

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shaffer, Brenda, E-mail: bshaffer@univ.haifa.ac.i [School of Political Sciences, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Haifa 31905 (Israel)

    2010-11-15

    This article examines the major factors that will shape the second phase of Caspian oil and natural gas export. The article compares the prospects of the post-2005 period with the Caspian energy developments in the first decade and a half after independence. This article claims: One, political considerations will continue to play an important role in the decisions on export routes for and participants in Caspian energy production and export projects. However, those political considerations will produce different policies in phase two of Caspian energy production than they did in the first phase. Second, the relative influence and interest in the Caspian region of various global and regional powers have changed significantly from Caspian energy phase one to phase two. Third, the producers in the region are not as anxious for foreign investment as they were earlier. The major resources that will be developed in Caspian phase two are: new production of Azerbaijan's natural gas, extension to new markets and expansion of capacity of existing gas export routes; new production projects for Turkmenistan's natural gas and new pipelines; and additional Kazakhstani oil production and natural gas increased production and initiation of export.

  20. Caspian energy phase II. Beyond 2005

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shaffer, Brenda [School of Political Sciences, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Haifa 31905 (Israel)

    2010-11-15

    This article examines the major factors that will shape the second phase of Caspian oil and natural gas export. The article compares the prospects of the post-2005 period with the Caspian energy developments in the first decade and a half after independence. This article claims: One, political considerations will continue to play an important role in the decisions on export routes for and participants in Caspian energy production and export projects. However, those political considerations will produce different policies in phase two of Caspian energy production than they did in the first phase. Second, the relative influence and interest in the Caspian region of various global and regional powers have changed significantly from Caspian energy phase one to phase two. Third, the producers in the region are not as anxious for foreign investment as they were earlier. The major resources that will be developed in Caspian phase two are: new production of Azerbaijan's natural gas, extension to new markets and expansion of capacity of existing gas export routes; new production projects for Turkmenistan's natural gas and new pipelines; and additional Kazakhstani oil production and natural gas increased production and initiation of export. (author)