WorldWideScience

Sample records for automatic train operation

  1. Automatically controlled training systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports that the computer system for NPP personnel training was developed for training centers in the Soviet Union. The system should be considered as the first step in training, taking into account that further steps are to be devoted to part-task and full scope simulator training. The training room consists of 8-12 IBM PC/AT personal computers combined into a network. A trainee accesses the system in a dialor manner. Software enables the instructor to determine the trainee's progress in different subjects of the program. The quality of any trainee preparedness may be evaluated by Knowledge Control operation. Simplified dynamic models are adopted for separate areas of the program. For example, the system of neutron flux monitoring has a dedicated model. Currently, training, requalification and support of professional qualifications of nuclear power plant operators is being emphasized. A significant number of emergency situations during work are occurring due to operator errors. Based on data from September-October 1989, more than half of all unplanned drops in power and stoppages of power plants were due to operator error. As a comparison, problems due to equipment malfunction accounted for no more than a third of the total. The role of personnel, especially of the operators, is significant during normal operations, since energy production costs as well as losses are influenced by the capability of the staff. These facts all point to the importance of quality training of personnel

  2. Operator training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The traditional operator job is changing, which among other things has generated a need for better job training. Surprisingly increased process automation has lead to increased operator qualifications, i.e. basic job training but also up-date and rehearsal training within certain fixed intervals. There are several, similar models for instructional system development available in the literature. One model which is of special interest integrates Operator Training development and Man-Machine Interfaces development. The extent to which Systematic Operator Training has been implemented varies with branches and companies. The nuclear power branch is given as an example in the report. This branch probably represents something better than the average among the process industries.(author)

  3. Machine Tool Technology. Automatic Screw Machine Troubleshooting & Set-Up Training Outlines [and] Basic Operator's Skills Set List.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anoka-Hennepin Technical Coll., Minneapolis, MN.

    This set of two training outlines and one basic skills set list are designed for a machine tool technology program developed during a project to retrain defense industry workers at risk of job loss or dislocation because of conversion of the defense industry. The first troubleshooting training outline lists the categories of problems that develop…

  4. Integrated training support system for PWR operator training simulator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The importance of operator training using operator training simulator has been recognized intensively. Since 1986, we have been developing and providing many PWR simulators in Japan. We also have developed some training support systems connected with the simulator and the integrated training support system to improve training effect and to reduce instructor's workload. This paper describes the concept and the effect of the integrated training support system and of the following sub-systems. We have PES (Performance Enhancement System) that evaluates training performance automatically by analyzing many plant parameters and operation data. It can reduce the deviation of training performance evaluation between instructors. PEL (Parameter and Event data Logging system), that is the subset of PES, has some data-logging functions. And we also have TPES (Team Performance Enhancement System) that is used aiming to improve trainees' ability for communication between operators. Trainee can have conversation with virtual trainees that TPES plays automatically. After that, TPES automatically display some advice to be improved. RVD (Reactor coolant system Visual Display) displays the distributed hydraulic-thermal condition of the reactor coolant system in real-time graphically. It can make trainees understand the inside plant condition in more detail. These sub-systems have been used in a training center and have contributed the improvement of operator training and have gained in popularity. (author)

  5. Development of BWR operator training simulator and training support systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes a BWR operator training simulator and training support systems that have been developed with the aim of providing support throughout operator training. The operator training simulator is needed in order to improve simulation fidelity and enlarge simulation scope. A 3-dimensional reactor core model has been developed in order to improve the understanding of operators respecting neutronics through realistic training. A severe accident model has been developed for training operators and technical support center teams respecting plant operation and for studying various phenomena. The severe accident is simulated by connecting the physical parameters continuously from the conventional model to the severe accident model. An emergency procedure guideline support system is adopted in order to improve efficiency of operation training for emergencies, since the emergency operation procedures are complicated and based on multiple parameter conditions. The operator training support system is also introduced so as to help training instructors to evaluate the operation and to give instructions to operators to improve operational accuracy. An instructor's burden is eased by automatically evaluating the operation errors based on signals of a simulator. The effects of these systems are evaluated and found to be effective in an actual training center and in engineers' examinations. (author)

  6. PSA in operator training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The systematic approach to training is internationally accepted as the best method to achieve and maintain the qualification and competence of power plant personnel and to guarantee the quality of their training. Following the recommendations and guidelines of international organisations competent in the field, TECNATOM SA has developed projects based on the systematic approach to training for all Spanish nuclear power plants. One of the latest projects was the systematic approach to training developed for the operation personnel of ASCO Nuclear Power Plant. In this case, certain results of the Probabilistic Safety Analysis (PSA) which complement the systematic safety and reliability criteria of the systematic approach to training process have been incorporated in the traditional processes of work and task analysis and training plan design. This incorporation provides the training manager with additional criteria based not only on safety aspects obtained through the statistical treatment of considerations of skilled technical personnel (operators, operation chief supervisors, etc), but also on the independent criterion of the PSA. The inclusion of this approach basically affects all systematics in two of its stages: During the selection process of operating practices in SMR or SGI, the possible scenarios have been associated with all those situations where human actions which lead to an initiating event or human actions to mitigate an initiating event, may take place, as defined in the PSA. During the scenario development process, the instruments involved in the performance of human actions which originate or mitigate an event taking place have been identified. This pakes it possible to reconcile the scenario event sequence with the sequence considered in the PSA study, as the most likely to provoke a more serious accident. The incorporation of these PSA results contributes to the strengthening of safety aspects in training in an objective way, and confirms that

  7. Automatic Training of Rat Cyborgs for Navigation

    OpenAIRE

    Yu, Yipeng; Wu, Zhaohui; Xu, Kedi; Gong, Yongyue; Zheng, Nenggan; Zheng, Xiaoxiang; Pan, Gang

    2016-01-01

    A rat cyborg system refers to a biological rat implanted with microelectrodes in its brain, via which the outer electrical stimuli can be delivered into the brain in vivo to control its behaviors. Rat cyborgs have various applications in emergency, such as search and rescue in disasters. Prior to a rat cyborg becoming controllable, a lot of effort is required to train it to adapt to the electrical stimuli. In this paper, we build a vision-based automatic training system for rat cyborgs to rep...

  8. Automatic Training of Rat Cyborgs for Navigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Yipeng; Wu, Zhaohui; Xu, Kedi; Gong, Yongyue; Zheng, Nenggan; Zheng, Xiaoxiang; Pan, Gang

    2016-01-01

    A rat cyborg system refers to a biological rat implanted with microelectrodes in its brain, via which the outer electrical stimuli can be delivered into the brain in vivo to control its behaviors. Rat cyborgs have various applications in emergency, such as search and rescue in disasters. Prior to a rat cyborg becoming controllable, a lot of effort is required to train it to adapt to the electrical stimuli. In this paper, we build a vision-based automatic training system for rat cyborgs to replace the time-consuming manual training procedure. A hierarchical framework is proposed to facilitate the colearning between rats and machines. In the framework, the behavioral states of a rat cyborg are visually sensed by a camera, a parameterized state machine is employed to model the training action transitions triggered by rat's behavioral states, and an adaptive adjustment policy is developed to adaptively adjust the stimulation intensity. The experimental results of three rat cyborgs prove the effectiveness of our system. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to tackle automatic training of animal cyborgs.

  9. 49 CFR 236.504 - Operation interconnected with automatic block-signal system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Operation interconnected with automatic block... Operation interconnected with automatic block-signal system. (a) A continuous inductive automatic train stop... be so interconnected with the signal system as to perform its intended function in event of...

  10. Development of advanced automatic operation system for nuclear ship. 1. Perfect automatic normal operation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakazawa, Toshio; Yabuuti, Noriaki; Takahashi, Hiroki; Shimazaki, Junya [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment

    1999-02-01

    Development of operation support system such as automatic operating system and anomaly diagnosis systems of nuclear reactor is very important in practical nuclear ship because of a limited number of operators and severe conditions in which receiving support from others in a case of accident is very difficult. The goal of development of the operation support systems is to realize the perfect automatic control system in a series of normal operation from the reactor start-up to the shutdown. The automatic control system for the normal operation has been developed based on operating experiences of the first Japanese nuclear ship `Mutsu`. Automation technique was verified by `Mutsu` plant data at manual operation. Fully automatic control of start-up and shutdown operations was achieved by setting the desired value of operation and the limiting value of parameter fluctuation, and by making the operation program of the principal equipment such as the main coolant pump and the heaters. This report presents the automatic operation system developed for the start-up and the shutdown of reactor and the verification of the system using the Nuclear Ship Engineering Simulator System. (author)

  11. Optimization of Automatic Train Control for Energy Management and Service Reliability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Susanna P. Gordon; Richard M. Wheeler; Timothy J. Sa; Donald A. Sheaffer

    1999-11-01

    A new generation of automatic train control systems is currently under development in the commuter-rail transit industry. These systems will utilize radio communication between wayside control computers and trains in order to provide high precision train control beyond the capability of today's automatic systems. The Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) system is developing such a modern control system in collaboration with Harmon Industries. This system, called the Advanced Automatic Train Control (AATC) system, will allow for precision train locating and control, and will facilitate coordination of the trajectories of multiple trains. This system will be capable of running trains more closely together and decreasing the time a train requires to traverse the system, while simultaneously operating with a more modest traction power infrastructure, and providing a smoother, more comfortable ride to commuters. The authors have collaborated with BART to develop a simulator of the AATC system and the traction power system, and they have utilized this simulator as a testbed for the development of advanced train control techniques. Several train control algorithms, including one employing a neural network for train voltage prediction, have been developed and tested in the simulator. Smoother train trajectories, reduced power infrastructure requirements, and reduced energy consumption have been demonstrated. Improved service reliability is also expected to result.

  12. Boiler Operator Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Stanton S.

    1978-01-01

    This program, developed by the Nalco Chemical Company, helps with energy conservation in industrial plants. The program takes four to six weeks to complete. The training sessions last for about two hours. (BB)

  13. Improvement for BWR operator training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    BWR Operator Training Center was founded in April, 1971, and in April, 1974, training was begun, since then, 13 years elapsed. During this period, the curriculum and training facilities were strengthened to meet the training needs, and the new training techniques from different viewpoint were developed, thus the improvement of training has been done. In this report, a number of the training techniques which have been developed and adopted recently, and are effective for the improvement of the knowledge and skill of operators are described. Recently Japanese nuclear power stations have been operated at stable high capacity factor, accordingly the chance of experiencing the occurrence of abnormality and the usual start and stop of plants decreased, and the training of operators using simulators becomes more important. The basic concept on training is explained. In the standard training course and the short period fundamental course, the development of the guide for reviewing lessons, the utilization of VTRs and the development of the techniques for diagnosing individual degree of learning were carried out. The problems, the points of improvement and the results of these are reported. (Kako, I.)

  14. SAT in operations training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The selection of tasks for analysis is made based on the decision tree that incorporates management's expectations of task difficulty and importance. The training setting (e.g., OJT, classroom, simulator, or laboratory) and the steps necessary to prepare the final training plan (along with example training plans for RO/SRO) was presented. The On-the-Job Training Manual is composed of a special video of each system that guides the trainee through a specified route in the plant showing the keypoints about the specific system. This Manual includes scanned photos of the main components and very detailed layout drawings to quickly walk-through a system. Two data bases were established to keep track of all the systems and tasks associated with a job post and to maintain the JPMs. SAT application in Spain, Argentina, Novovoronezh (Russia), and Hungary has varied by the time and human resources necessary to develop a complete SAT or a simplified SAT (which omits the taxonomic code for obtaining knowledge and skills associated to each task). An example of simulator training program materials and its correlation with the JPMs was presented along with a simulator evaluation guide showing how to assess RO/SRO behaviour

  15. Computer training aids for nuclear operator training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Royal Navy's Nuclear Propulsion School at HMS SULTAN which is responsible for training all ratings and officers who operate Submarine Pressurised Water Reactor plants, has available a varied selection of classroom simulator training aids as well as purpose built Submarine Manoeuvring Room simulators. The use of these classroom training aids in the twelve months prior to Autumn 1981 is discussed. The advantages and disadvantages of using relatively expensive computer based aids to support classroom instruction for students who do not investigate mathematically the dynamics of the Reactor Plant are identified. The conclusions drawn indicate that for students of limited academic ability the classroom simulators are disproportionately expensive in cost, maintenance load, and instructional time. Secondly, the experience gained in the use of the Manoeuvring Room Simulators to train future operators who have just finished the academic phase of their training is outlined. The possible pitfalls for the instructor are discussed and the lessons learnt, concluding that these simulators provide a valuable substitute for the live plant enabling trainees to be brought up to a common standard and reducing their on job training time to an acceptable level. (author)

  16. Improvement for BWR operator training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    BWR Operator Training Center Corporation (BTC) was established in April 1971 for the purpose of training the operators from all BWR utilities in Japan. Since April 1974, more than 2600 operators and 1000 shift teams have been trained with the full-scope simulators in BTC up to the end of March 1988. To get the satisfactory results of the training, BTC has been making every effort to improve the facilities, the training materials, the instruction methods and the curricula. In this paper, such a series of recent improvements in the instruction methods and the curricula are presented that are effective to expand the knowledge and to improve the skills of middle or senior class operators. (author)

  17. Automatic Error Recovery in Robot Assembly Operations Using Reverse Execution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Johan Sund; Schultz, Ulrik Pagh; Ellekilde, Lars-Peter

    2015-01-01

    program to a safe point, from which forward execution can be resumed. This paper describes the principles behind automatic reversal of robotic assembly operations, and experimentally demonstrates the use of a domain-specific language that supports automatic error handling through reverse execution. Our...... particular for small-batch productions. As an alternative, we propose a system for automatically handling certain classes of errors instead of preventing them. Specifically, we show that many operations can be automatically reversed. Errors can be handled through automatic reverse execution of the control...... contribution represents the first experimental demonstration of reversible computing principles applied to industrial robotics....

  18. Training and Tactical Operationally Responsive Space Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sorensen, B.; Strunce, R., Jr.

    to realize the full potential of the ORS approach to the support of in-theater tactical forces is the development of satellite tasking, interface, and data retrieval capabilities and mission operations approaches from a warfighter centered perspective, and the development of realistic training and simulation capabilities that will allow development, demonstration, and assessment of ORS tactical CONOPS. A system for Training and Tactical ORS Operations (TATOO) is currently being developed. This system will support development and evaluation of ORS specific CONOPS approaches, and training and evaluation of those CONOPS implementations through dedicated training capabilities, facilities, and exercises. TATOO will support the operational side of ORS and will merge with the revolutionary ORS spacecraft development and deployment processes to make the ORS paradigm a reality. TATOO's primary objective is to support the In-Theater Commander and Warfighter by developing, training, and assessing ORS mission CONOPS for In-Theater tasking, scheduling, interface, and data retrieval for TacSats owned by In-Theater Commanders. TATOO provides a laboratory/classroom environment for the development, test and evaluation of ORS Tactical Mission CONOPS for In-Theater ORS operations. The TATOO laboratory will also be used to develop, evaluate, and document ORS Mission CONOPS for tactical ISR and other ORS missions. Within this framework, the laboratory/classroom can be used to develop the necessary training materials and procedures, as well as conduct training exercises that emphasize the training of In-Theater personal with regard to: Tactical Ground Station Mission Operations; Tactical Operations for Mission Tasking and Scheduling; Tactical Mission Data Retrieval; and, Support for Warfighter Operations.

  19. Operational health physics training

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1992-06-01

    The initial four sections treat basic information concerning atomic structure and other useful physical quantities, natural radioactivity, the properties of {alpha}, {beta}, {gamma}, x rays and neutrons, and the concepts and units of radiation dosimetry (including SI units). Section 5 deals with biological effects and the risks associated with radiation exposure. Background radiation and man-made sources are discussed next. The basic recommendations of the ICRP concerning dose limitations: justification, optimization (ALARA concepts and applications) and dose limits are covered in Section seven. Section eight is an expanded version of shielding, and the internal dosimetry discussion has been extensively revised to reflect the concepts contained in the MIRD methodology and ICRP 30. The remaining sections discuss the operational health physics approach to monitoring radiation. Individual sections include radiation detection principles, instrument operation and counting statistics, health physics instruments and personnel monitoring devices. The last five sections deal with the nature of, operation principles of, health physics aspects of, and monitoring approaches to air sampling, reactors, nuclear safety, gloveboxes and hot cells, accelerators and x ray sources. Decontamination, waste disposal and transportation of radionuclides are added topics. Several appendices containing constants, symbols, selected mathematical topics, and the Chart of the Nuclides, and an index have been included.

  20. Operational health physics training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The initial four sections treat basic information concerning atomic structure and other useful physical quantities, natural radioactivity, the properties of α, β, γ, x rays and neutrons, and the concepts and units of radiation dosimetry (including SI units). Section 5 deals with biological effects and the risks associated with radiation exposure. Background radiation and man-made sources are discussed next. The basic recommendations of the ICRP concerning dose limitations: justification, optimization (ALARA concepts and applications) and dose limits are covered in Section seven. Section eight is an expanded version of shielding, and the internal dosimetry discussion has been extensively revised to reflect the concepts contained in the MIRD methodology and ICRP 30. The remaining sections discuss the operational health physics approach to monitoring radiation. Individual sections include radiation detection principles, instrument operation and counting statistics, health physics instruments and personnel monitoring devices. The last five sections deal with the nature of, operation principles of, health physics aspects of, and monitoring approaches to air sampling, reactors, nuclear safety, gloveboxes and hot cells, accelerators and x ray sources. Decontamination, waste disposal and transportation of radionuclides are added topics. Several appendices containing constants, symbols, selected mathematical topics, and the Chart of the Nuclides, and an index have been included

  1. Operation training for renovated JMTR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    JMTR once stopped its operation in August 2006. The subsequent refurbishment and the repair of the building block affected by the 2011 off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake on March 11, 2011 have been completed, and it is preparing for the reoperation. As for the refurbishment of reactor facilities, taking into account the operation for further 20 years after the restart, and from the viewpoints of judging standards (aging deterioration of equipment, importance of safety function, and maintenance experience) for the safety ensuring against aging, the following facilities were replaced: (1) core of nuclear reactor body, (2) measurement and control system facilities, (3) reactor cooling system facilities, (4) emergency evacuation equipment of disposal facilities of gaseous waste, and (5) control facilities. In this remodeling, the operation methods for measurement and control system facilities (process instrumentation, nuclear instrumentation) have been changed. Therefore, regarding the reactor operation after the remodeling, examination was made on the methods to safely and reliably conduct important operations such as the criticality proximity of reactor and output increase, while monitoring the process instrumentation in the same way as before. Based on these examination results, the authors designed an operation manual, and have been performing operation training. This paper takes up the methods for reactor operation procedures that were changed by the refurbishment of the reactor, and summarizes the consideration points on the preparation of the operating manual, problems confirmed by practicing the operation training, and measures against those problems. (A.O.)

  2. Organization for field operator training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Organization for field operator training is described, dealing with 4 strong ambitions: deliberate policy of encouraging the staff to accept greater personal responsibilities; on shift and off shift support to allow this acceptation; continuous enhancement of individual and team professionalism; reinforcement of the management

  3. Monju operator training report. Training results and upgrade of the operation training simulator in 2005 FY

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The prototype fast breeder reactor, Monju, has been performing deliberately the operator training which is composed of the regulated training required by the government and the self-training. The training used a full scope type simulator (MARS: Monju Advanced Reactor Simulator) plays an important role among of the above mentioned trainings and greatly contributes to the Monju operator training for Monju restarting. This report covers the activities of Monju operator training in 2005 FY, i.e. the training results, modification and maintenance of the MARS. (1) Eight simulator training courses were carried out 42 times and 205 trainees participated. Compared with the preceding year, the numbers increased 7 times and 55 trainees. (2) Not only Monju operator training but also university student training was added. The university students study the system of Monju by this training. We will promote cooperation with a university more from now on. (3) The operator of the fast reactor in China was educated this year. This training is a part of sodium handling training. (author)

  4. Consistently Trained Artificial Neural Network for Automatic Ship Berthing Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y.A. Ahmed

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, consistently trained Artificial Neural Network controller for automatic ship berthing is discussed. Minimum time course changing manoeuvre is utilised to ensure such consistency and a new concept named ‘virtual window’ is introduced. Such consistent teaching data are then used to train two separate multi-layered feed forward neural networks for command rudder and propeller revolution output. After proper training, several known and unknown conditions are tested to judge the effectiveness of the proposed controller using Monte Carlo simulations. After getting acceptable percentages of success, the trained networks are implemented for the free running experiment system to judge the network’s real time response for Esso Osaka 3-m model ship. The network’s behaviour during such experiments is also investigated for possible effect of initial conditions as well as wind disturbances. Moreover, since the final goal point of the proposed controller is set at some distance from the actual pier to ensure safety, therefore a study on automatic tug assistance is also discussed for the final alignment of the ship with actual pier.

  5. Operator training and requalification at GPU Nuclear

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The operator training and requalification programs at GPU Nuclear's Oyster Creek (650 MWe BWR) and Three Mile Island-1 (776 MWe PWR) nuclear plants have undergone significant revisions since the Three Mile Island-2 accident. This paper describes the Training and Education organization, the expanded training facilities, including basic principle trainers and replica simulators, and the present operator training and requalification programs

  6. Expanding role of operations training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The number of licensed nuclear power plants producing commercial electricity is climbing. Attitudes and skills successfully applied to developing the industry are less successfully applied to managing plants in a steady-state mode of operations. Fine-tuning the complex relationships between people and technology is a challenge that requires a fresh perspective. An increasing number of industry guidelines indicate that effective teamwork, communication, leadership, and diagnostic skills are aspects of human performance requiring attention. A total system view is suggested as a framework to integrate these training needs with the existing base of technical instruction. The total system perspective balances the needs of people and the needs of the physical plant against the unifying favors a leadership role for the training function

  7. Training new operators - the first six months

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Worthel, B.; /Fermilab

    2010-04-01

    The Fermilab Operations Department takes about two years to train a new Operator. The Operator's introductory (Concepts) On-the-Job-Training (OJT) gives him or her an overview of the laboratory, teaches the basic facts about all the accelerators, and it also teaches the new operator the training process used for all the rest of their OJT training. The Concepts OJT takes about four to six months for most people to complete. This paper will explain how this first six months of training sets the new employee on their path to becoming a fully trained Operator.

  8. Automatic pipeline operation using Petri Nets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moreira, Guilherme O. [PETROBRAS TRANSPORTE S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2009-07-01

    A pipeline operation requires several actions, attention and time from the control room operator in each of its operating phases. This article proposition is to use automation as something more than a remote control, drastically reducing the number of repetitive and routine actions needed from the operator to start and stop the system, granting more time for system supervision, decision making during critical conditions and avoiding errors caused due to the need of several actions being executed in a short period of time. To achieve these objectives the pipeline operation will be modeled as a Petri Net consisting of states, event and actions. A methodology for converting this Petri Net into a Ladder controller code will also be proposed. (author)

  9. Operational efficiency: Automatic ascent flight design

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    The expected increase in launch vehicle operations to support Space Station Freedom and a Lunar/Mars exploration initiative will require a more efficient approach to ascent flight design and operations. A concept is presented of continuous improvement in ascent flight design through an evolutionary process beginning with today's vehicles and continuing into the next century with the Advanced Launch System (ALS) and Advanced Manned Launch System (AMLS). A pictorial view is given of the improvement path described. The detailed objectives necessary to obtain efficiency improvements are described. The technology milestones along this evolutionary path are outlined and the accomplishments to date are summarized. The technology issues are discussed which must be addressed.

  10. All-optical automatic pollen identification: Towards an operational system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crouzy, Benoît; Stella, Michelle; Konzelmann, Thomas; Calpini, Bertrand; Clot, Bernard

    2016-09-01

    We present results from the development and validation campaign of an optical pollen monitoring method based on time-resolved scattering and fluorescence. Focus is first set on supervised learning algorithms for pollen-taxa identification and on the determination of aerosol properties (particle size and shape). The identification capability provides a basis for a pre-operational automatic pollen season monitoring performed in parallel to manual reference measurements (Hirst-type volumetric samplers). Airborne concentrations obtained from the automatic system are compatible with those from the manual method regarding total pollen and the automatic device provides real-time data reliably (one week interruption over five months). In addition, although the calibration dataset still needs to be completed, we are able to follow the grass pollen season. The high sampling from the automatic device allows to go beyond the commonly-presented daily values and we obtain statistically significant hourly concentrations. Finally, we discuss remaining challenges for obtaining an operational automatic monitoring system and how the generic validation environment developed for the present campaign could be used for further tests of automatic pollen monitoring devices.

  11. WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK (WSN) BASED AUTOMATIC FIRING PRACTICE SYSTEM (AFPS) FOR TRAINING OF LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES (LEAS)

    OpenAIRE

    Imran Jattala; Junaid Farooqi; Shakeel Durrani; Nassar Ikram; Irfan Hussian; Muazzam A. Goraya; Obaid B. Zakria

    2014-01-01

    The critical importance of an efficient infantryman in special operations force, tactical paramilitary and Law Enforcement Agencies (LEAs) is insurmountable. One of the many vital aspects of an effective solider is excellent marksmanship which requires extensive training at sophisticated firing ranges. Modern firing ranges are supported by Automatic Firing Practice Systems (AFPS) and this paper presents the design and development of such a system based on WSN. AFPS provide an automatic bullet...

  12. Operator Training by Emergency Exercises

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The defence in depth concept requires not only provisions for coping with anticipated operational occurrences as well as design basis accidents but also provisions which allow appropriate reactions to beyond design basis accidents. In accordance with this concept the Nuclear Safety Convention, which was signed by many IAEA Member States, deals among others with emergency preparedness and the correlated provisions. The Safety Convention requires that on-site and off-site emergency plans are routinely tested for nuclear installations. The aim of these provisions is primarily the prevention of radiological consequences in the environment of nuclear installations but also the mitigation of such consequences, should they nevertheless occur. Up to the eighties emergency preparedness concentrated on a few provisions by the operators and in particular on plant-external emergency planning. As a result of the accidents at Three Mile Island as well as Chernobyl and with the findings from many risk studies, accident management measures and emergency procedures were developed. This led to an increased plant internal emergency preparedness focussing on the prevention of severe core damage in case of beyond design basis accidents and on the reduction of external consequences in case of such hypothetical events. For emergency exercises based on event-sheets Volume 1 of the 'Manual for the Planning, Coordination and Evaluation of Emergency Exercises' has been elaborated in 1997. This manual emphasizes the modular structure of emergency exercises. The performed simulator-assisted exercises show that this type of exercises offers an extension of the spectrum of training measures. Explanations and findings related to this type of exercises are summarized in a second Volume of the above mentioned manual. In this volume the pros and cons of the two exercise types are discussed among others. Using the gathered experience laid down in particular in the two volumes of the manual a basis

  13. Operator overloading as an enabling technology for automatic differentiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Corliss, G.F. [Marquette Univ., Milwaukee, WI (United States)]|[Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Griewank, A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

    1993-05-01

    We present an example of the science that is enabled by object-oriented programming techniques. Scientific computation often needs derivatives for solving nonlinear systems such as those arising in many PDE algorithms, optimization, parameter identification, stiff ordinary differential equations, or sensitivity analysis. Automatic differentiation computes derivatives accurately and efficiently by applying the chain rule to each arithmetic operation or elementary function. Operator overloading enables the techniques of either the forward or the reverse mode of automatic differentiation to be applied to real-world scientific problems. We illustrate automatic differentiation with an example drawn from a model of unsaturated flow in a porous medium. The problem arises from planning for the long-term storage of radioactive waste.

  14. Operator overloading as an enabling technology for automatic differentiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Corliss, G.F. (Marquette Univ., Milwaukee, WI (United States) Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Griewank, A. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States))

    1993-01-01

    We present an example of the science that is enabled by object-oriented programming techniques. Scientific computation often needs derivatives for solving nonlinear systems such as those arising in many PDE algorithms, optimization, parameter identification, stiff ordinary differential equations, or sensitivity analysis. Automatic differentiation computes derivatives accurately and efficiently by applying the chain rule to each arithmetic operation or elementary function. Operator overloading enables the techniques of either the forward or the reverse mode of automatic differentiation to be applied to real-world scientific problems. We illustrate automatic differentiation with an example drawn from a model of unsaturated flow in a porous medium. The problem arises from planning for the long-term storage of radioactive waste.

  15. Operator overloading as an enabling technology for automatic differentiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present an example of the science that is enabled by object-oriented programming techniques. Scientific computation often needs derivatives for solving nonlinear systems such as those arising in many PDE algorithms, optimization, parameter identification, stiff ordinary differential equations, or sensitivity analysis. Automatic differentiation computes derivatives accurately and efficiently by applying the chain rule to each arithmetic operation or elementary function. Operator overloading enables the techniques of either the forward or the reverse mode of automatic differentiation to be applied to real-world scientific problems. We illustrate automatic differentiation with an example drawn from a model of unsaturated flow in a porous medium. The problem arises from planning for the long-term storage of radioactive waste

  16. NPP Krsko simulator training for operations personnel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Acquisition of a full scope replica simulator represents an important achievement for Nuclear power Plant Krsko. Operating nuclear power plant systems is definitely a set of demanding and complex tasks. The most important element in the goal of assuring capabilities for handling such tasks is efficient training of operations personnel who manipulate controls in the main control room. Use of a simulator during the training process is essential and can not be substituted by other techniques. This article gives an overview of NPP Krsko licensed personnel training historical background, current experience and plans for future training activities. Reactor operator initial training lasts approximately two and a half years. Training is divided into several phases, consisting of theoretical and practical segments, including simulator training. In the past, simulator initial training and annual simulator retraining was contracted, thus operators were trained on non-specific full scope simulators. Use of our own plant specific simulator and associated infrastructure will have a significant effect on the operations personnel training process and, in addition, will also support secondary uses, with the common goal to improve safe and reliable plant operation. A regular annual retraining program has successfully started. Use of the plant specific simulator assures consistent training and good management oversight, enhances conformity of operational practices and supports optimization of operating procedures. (author)

  17. Tritium Systems Test Assembly operator training program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Proper operator training is needed to help ensure the safe operation of fusion facilities by personnel who are qualified to carry out their assigned responsibilities. Operators control and monitor the Tritium Systems Test Assembly (TSTA) during normal, emergency, and maintenance phases. Their performance is critical both to operational safety, assuring no release of tritium to the atmosphere, and to the successful simulation of the fusion reaction progress. Through proper training we are helping assure that TSTA facility operators perform their assignments in a safe and efficient manner and that the operators maintain high levels of operational proficiency through continuing training, retraining, requalification, and recertification

  18. THEORETICAL CONSIDERATIONS REGARDING THE AUTOMATIC FISCAL STABILIZERS OPERATING MECHANISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gondor Mihaela

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the role of Automatic Fiscal Stabilizers (AFS for stabilizing the cyclical fluctuations of macroeconomic output as an alternative to discretionary fiscal policy, admitting its huge potential of being an anti crisis solution. The objectives of the study are the identification of the general features of the concept of automatic fiscal stabilizers and the logical assessment of them from economic perspectives. Based on the literature in the field, this paper points out the disadvantages of fiscal discretionary policy and argue the need of using Automatic Fiscal Stabilizers in order to provide a faster decision making process, shielded from political interference, and reduced uncertainty for households and business environment. The paper conclude about the need of using fiscal policy for smoothing the economic cycle, but in a way which includes among its features transparency, responsibility and clear operating mechanisms. Based on the research results the present paper assumes that pro-cyclicality reduces de effectiveness of the Automatic Fiscal Stabilizer and as a result concludes that it is very important to avoid the pro-cyclicality in fiscal rule design. Moreover, by committing in advance to specific fiscal policy action contingent on economic developments, uncertainty about the fiscal policy framework during a recession should be reduced. Being based on logical analysis and not focused on empirical, contextualized one, the paper presents some features of AFS operating mechanism and also identifies and systematizes the factors which provide its importance and national individuality. Reaching common understanding on the Automatic Fiscal Stabilizer concept as a institutional device for smoothing the gap of the economic cycles across different countries, particularly for the European Union Member States, will facilitate efforts to coordinate fiscal policy responses during a crisis, especially in the context of the fiscal

  19. Upgrading BWR training simulators for annual outage operation training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Based upon the recently developed quality assurance program by the Japanese electric companies, BWR Operator Training Center (BTC) identified the needs to enhance operators' knowledge and skills for operations tasks during annual outage, and started to develop a dedicated operator training course specialized for them. In this paper, we present the total framework of the training course for annual outage operations and the associated typical three functions of our full-scope simulators specially developed and upgraded to conduct the training; namely, (1) Simulation model upgrade for the flow and temperature behavior concerning residual heat removal (RHR) system with shutdown cooling mode, (2) Addition of malfunctions for DC power supply equipment, (3) Simulation model upgrade for water filling operation for reactor pressurization (future development). We have implemented a trial of the training course by using the upgraded 800MW full-scope training simulator with functions (1) and (2) above. As the result of this trial, we are confident that the developed training course is effective for enhancing operators' knowledge and skills for operations tasks during annual outage. (author)

  20. Training for operators and plant management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For many years, EDF has been making a lot of efforts to develop and to provide appropriate training to each of the different categories of personnel who participate in nuclear power plants operation and maintenance. With regard to training related to incidents and accidents management, if is important, among others, to make the difference between training of personnel on shift (plant operating teams and safety engineers) and training of personnel who makes up the emergency response teams that would be called upon in the event of a nuclear accident. Because of different origins, different backgrounds and especially different functions if an accident occurs on a unit, these two populations need completely different trainings. The training that EDF provides to these two categories of personnel is presented separately in the following pages. In both cases, links between functions to be sustained and characteristics of the training are tried to be shown. In conclusion, general perspectives on training evolution in EDF are given. 8 refs

  1. Academic training for nuclear power plant operators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After having briefly outlined the importance of academic training of nuclear power plant operators and the objectives of such a training (quality, addressing industry needs), the author evokes the programs implemented at the Center for Nuclear Studies of the Memphis State university. He notices that an academic degree is necessary for the recognition of the operator's job as a professional, and that such a training program is useful to improve safety and reliability of nuclear power plants

  2. Training aids: the motor operator valve trainer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The spectrum of training aids used in the nuclear industry runs the gamut from the very basic (i.e., valve training aids - gate, globe, check) to the highly complex (i.e., nuclear full scope simulator). Designing and purchasing the best training aids take much time, detailed investigation, and good understanding of plant operations. The training aid that has given the New York Power Authority the best results has been the motor operator valve (MOV) trainer. Some of the items that make the MOV trainer a good choice are: (1) large number of MOVs in the plant, (2) importance of MOVs to safe plant operation, (3) detailed MOV procedures used by the plant, (4) history of MOV problems, and (5) ability to demonstrate important concepts and operation - hammer blow effect, torque and limit switch adjustment and functions, and actual sequence of operation of the limitorque valve operator

  3. Training and qualification of nuclear power plant operators (4)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Training center using the simulators, instructor training, training upgrade, deployment of digital control panel and review of training were described with overseas practice. Recently, nuclear power plant on-site simulators were also used for respective operator training. Operator teamwork training, training team performance upgrade, reflection of operating experiences in nuclear power plant accidents, development of training support equipments and management of training records were needed to review and upgrade training and qualification programs. (T. Tanaka)

  4. Training of operation staff at Indus accelerators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Indus Complex has two synchrotron radiation sources, Indus-1 and Indus-2. Indus-1 is operated at 450 MeV, 100 mA that is fully operational whereas Indus-2 is 2.5 GeV, 300 mA accelerator. At present, it is being operated at 2.5 GeV, 50 mA current, which will be subsequently raised to its design current in stages. These accelerators are highly complex and to operate them safely and efficiently, well trained manpower is required. In order to accomplish this, an exhaustive training programme has been evolved. Operators' training of the first batch has been completed. This paper discusses the various subsystems of Indus facility and the contents of the training programme and its implementation in brief. (author)

  5. Managed PACS operation with an automatic monitoring tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jianguo; Han, Ruolin; Wu, Dongqing; Zhang, Xiaoyan; Zhuang, Jun; Feng, Jie; Wang, Mingpeng; Zhang, Guozhen; Wang, Cuanfu

    2002-05-01

    Huadong hospital in Shanghai with 800 beds provides health care services for inpatients and outpatients, as well as special senior and VIP patients. In order to move to digital imaging based radiology practice, and also provide better intra-hospital consultation services for senior and VIP patients, we started to implement PACS for hospital wide services from 1999, and also designed and developed an automatic monitoring system (AMS) to monitor and control PACS operation and dataflow to decrease the total cost of ownership for PACS operation. We installed the AMS on top of the Huadong Hospital PACS in the May of 2001. The installation was painless, did not interrupt the normal PACS operation, and took only one month. The PACS administrators with the AMS can now monitor and control the entire PACS operation in real time, and also track patient and image data flow automatically. These features make administrators take proper action even before user's complaint if any failure happened in any PACS component or process, they reduce the size of the management team, and decrease total cost of PACS ownership.

  6. Features of ABWR operator training with a full-scope simulator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Many innovations have been incorporated into the Advanced BWR (ABWR) type control panels. In the BWR Operator Training Center (BTC), we started ABWR operator training using an ABWR full-scope simulator prior to the first ABWR plant's commercial operation. In consideration of the features of the ABWR type control panels, BTC has been conducting ABWR operator training focusing on the following 2 points; (1) Operator training reflecting the differences in the Human-Machine Interface (HMI). The new HMI devices which have the touch-operation function were introduced. These devices have higher operability, however, they require new operational skills. We planned the training program so that operators can fully acquire these skills. Also the compact main console and the new HMI devices made it relatively difficult for the operator crews to grasp visually what an operator was doing. We provide the training to have proper communication skills, and check trainees' operation using monitoring systems for simulator training. (2) Operator training responding to the expanded operation automation system. The scope of the automation system was expanded to reduce the operators' burden. We provide the training to improve the trainees' competence for 'operation and monitoring' suitable to both manual and automatic operational modes. (author)

  7. WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK (WSN BASED AUTOMATIC FIRING PRACTICE SYSTEM (AFPS FOR TRAINING OF LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES (LEAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imran Jattala

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The critical importance of an efficient infantryman in special operations force, tactical paramilitary and Law Enforcement Agencies (LEAs is insurmountable. One of the many vital aspects of an effective solider is excellent marksmanship which requires extensive training at sophisticated firing ranges. Modern firing ranges are supported by Automatic Firing Practice Systems (AFPS and this paper presents the design and development of such a system based on WSN. AFPS provide an automatic bullet-impact count during firing training session and is modular scalable in design for multiple of eight concurrent shooters. The system is versatile and flexible allowing for different small-arms and firing training modes and supports night firing exercise. AFPS comprises of two major components, the automatic target-box and a commander console. Automatic target-box has a motor & gear assembly, target sheet, bullet-impact sensor, control board, and WiFi communication module. Commander console is a ruggedized sunlight readable 10.4” Tablet PC, which with a built-in WiFi acts an access point. The automatic target-boxes equipped with embedded WiFi modules form sensor nodes of a WSN. The paper presents the complete System Development Life Cycle (SDLC of the firing practice system and associated WSN. The AFPS and bullet-impact sensor was extensively tested on Firing Ranges for accuracy of bullet-impact count. The results showed a bullet-impact count accuracy of over 97 percent.

  8. Operator training simulator for nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In nuclear power plants, training of the operators is important. In Japan, presently there are two training centers, one is BWR operation training center at Okuma-cho, Fukushima Prefecture, and another the nuclear power generation training center in Tsuruga City, Fukui Prefecture, where the operators of PWR nuclear power plants are trained. This report describes the BWR operation training center briefly. Operation of a nuclear power plant is divided into three stages of start-up, steady state operation, and shut down. Start-up is divided into the cold-state start-up after the shut down for prolonged period due to periodical inspection or others and the hot-state start-up from stand-by condition after the shut down for a short time. In the cold-state start-up, the correction of reactivity change and the heating-up control to avoid excessive thermal stress to the primary system components are important. The BWR operation training center offers the next three courses, namely beginner's course, retraining course and specific training course. The training period is 12 weeks and the number of trainees is eight/course in the beginner's course. The simulator was manufactured by modeling No. 3 plant of Fukushima First Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Co. The simulator is composed of the mimic central control panel and the digital computer. The software system comprises the monitor to supervise the whole program execution, the logic model simulating the plant interlock system and the dynamic model simulating the plant physical phenomena. (Wakatsuki, Y.)

  9. Training of nuclear power plant operating personnel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Proceedings are presented containing 13 papers on the training of nuclear power plant personnel, especially personnel of WWER type plants. The questions are discussed such as care of personnel, the position of operators and maintenance workers, factors affecting their reliable work, the human factor in reliability and safety of big power facilities, the assurance of a standard system of operators' training with associated social and sociological aspects, the development of psychodiagnostic methodologies for testing and selecting workers for individual jobs. (B.S.)

  10. Development of advanced automatic control system for nuclear ship. 2. Perfect automatic operation after reactor scram events

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yabuuchi, Noriaki; Nakazawa, Toshio; Takahashi, Hiroki; Shimazaki, Junya; Hoshi, Tsutao [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment

    1997-11-01

    An automatic operation system has been developed for the purpose of realizing a perfect automatic plant operation after reactor scram events. The goal of the automatic operation after a reactor scram event is to bring the reactor hot stand-by condition automatically. The basic functions of this system are as follows; to monitor actions of the equipments of safety actions after a reactor scram, to control necessary control equipments to bring a reactor to a hot stand-by condition automatically, and to energize a decay heat removal system. The performance evaluation on this system was carried out by comparing the results using to Nuclear Ship Engineering Simulation System (NESSY) and the those measured in the scram test of the nuclear ship `Mutsu`. As the result, it was showed that this system had the sufficient performance to bring a reactor to a hot syand-by condition quickly and safety. (author)

  11. Development of advanced automatic control system for nuclear ship. 2. Perfect automatic operation after reactor scram events

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An automatic operation system has been developed for the purpose of realizing a perfect automatic plant operation after reactor scram events. The goal of the automatic operation after a reactor scram event is to bring the reactor hot stand-by condition automatically. The basic functions of this system are as follows; to monitor actions of the equipments of safety actions after a reactor scram, to control necessary control equipments to bring a reactor to a hot stand-by condition automatically, and to energize a decay heat removal system. The performance evaluation on this system was carried out by comparing the results using to Nuclear Ship Engineering Simulation System (NESSY) and the those measured in the scram test of the nuclear ship 'Mutsu'. As the result, it was showed that this system had the sufficient performance to bring a reactor to a hot syand-by condition quickly and safety. (author)

  12. Safety operation of training reactor VR-1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are three nuclear research reactors in the Czech Republic in operation now: light water reactor LVR-15, maximum reactor power 10 MWt, owner and operator Nuclear Research Institute Rez; light water zero power reactor LR-0, maximum reactor power 5 kWt, owner and operator Nuclear Research Institute Rez and training reactor VR-1 Sparrow, maximum reactor power 5 kWt, owner and operate Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, CTU in Prague. The training reactor VR-1 Vrabec 'Sparrow', operated at the Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, was started up on December 3, 1990. Particularly it is designed for training the students of Czech universities, preparing the experts for the Czech nuclear programme, as well as for certain research work, and for information programmes in the nuclear programme, as well as for certain research work, and for information programmes in sphere of using the nuclear energy (public relations). (author)

  13. Automatic Facial Expression Recognition and Operator Functional State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanson, Nina

    2011-01-01

    The prevalence of human error in safety-critical occupations remains a major challenge to mission success despite increasing automation in control processes. Although various methods have been proposed to prevent incidences of human error, none of these have been developed to employ the detection and regulation of Operator Functional State (OFS), or the optimal condition of the operator while performing a task, in work environments due to drawbacks such as obtrusiveness and impracticality. A video-based system with the ability to infer an individual's emotional state from facial feature patterning mitigates some of the problems associated with other methods of detecting OFS, like obtrusiveness and impracticality in integration with the mission environment. This paper explores the utility of facial expression recognition as a technology for inferring OFS by first expounding on the intricacies of OFS and the scientific background behind emotion and its relationship with an individual's state. Then, descriptions of the feedback loop and the emotion protocols proposed for the facial recognition program are explained. A basic version of the facial expression recognition program uses Haar classifiers and OpenCV libraries to automatically locate key facial landmarks during a live video stream. Various methods of creating facial expression recognition software are reviewed to guide future extensions of the program. The paper concludes with an examination of the steps necessary in the research of emotion and recommendations for the creation of an automatic facial expression recognition program for use in real-time, safety-critical missions.

  14. Automatic Facial Expression Recognition and Operator Functional State

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanson, Nina

    2012-01-01

    The prevalence of human error in safety-critical occupations remains a major challenge to mission success despite increasing automation in control processes. Although various methods have been proposed to prevent incidences of human error, none of these have been developed to employ the detection and regulation of Operator Functional State (OFS), or the optimal condition of the operator while performing a task, in work environments due to drawbacks such as obtrusiveness and impracticality. A video-based system with the ability to infer an individual's emotional state from facial feature patterning mitigates some of the problems associated with other methods of detecting OFS, like obtrusiveness and impracticality in integration with the mission environment. This paper explores the utility of facial expression recognition as a technology for inferring OFS by first expounding on the intricacies of OFS and the scientific background behind emotion and its relationship with an individual's state. Then, descriptions of the feedback loop and the emotion protocols proposed for the facial recognition program are explained. A basic version of the facial expression recognition program uses Haar classifiers and OpenCV libraries to automatically locate key facial landmarks during a live video stream. Various methods of creating facial expression recognition software are reviewed to guide future extensions of the program. The paper concludes with an examination of the steps necessary in the research of emotion and recommendations for the creation of an automatic facial expression recognition program for use in real-time, safety-critical missions

  15. Automatic Detection of Animals in Mowing Operations Using Thermal Cameras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ole Green

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available During the last decades, high-efficiency farming equipment has been developed in the agricultural sector. This has also included efficiency improvement of moving techniques, which include increased working speeds and widths. Therefore, the risk of wild animals being accidentally injured or killed during routine farming operations has increased dramatically over the years. In particular, the nests of ground nesting bird species like grey partridge (Perdix perdix or pheasant (Phasianus colchicus are vulnerable to farming operations in their breeding habitat, whereas in mammals, the natural instinct of e.g., leverets of brown hare (Lepus europaeus and fawns of roe deer (Capreolus capreolus to lay low and still in the vegetation to avoid predators increase their risk of being killed or injured in farming operations. Various methods and approaches have been used to reduce wildlife mortality resulting from farming operations. However, since wildlife-friendly farming often results in lower efficiency, attempts have been made to develop automatic systems capable of detecting wild animals in the crop. Here we assessed the suitability of thermal imaging in combination with digital image processing to automatically detect a chicken (Gallus domesticus and a rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus in a grassland habitat. Throughout the different test scenarios, our study animals were detected with a high precision, although the most dense grass cover reduced the detection rate. We conclude that thermal imaging and digital imaging processing may be an important tool for the improvement of wildlife-friendly farming practices in the future.

  16. An innovative approach to reactor operator training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As with any approach, the goals or terminal objectives must be clearly set before beginning. Just like the electric utilities, whose training programs are structured around the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations guidelines, (INPO), the Department of Energy, (DOE), has now imposed its own accreditation order. The High Flux Beam Reactor (HFBR), Reactor Operator Training Program must conform with DOE Order 548.18A, which specifies accreditation criteria. In short, the existing training program had to be upgraded to demonstrate the systematic approach to analysis, design, development, implementation and evaluation per adopted Performance-Based Training (PBT) guidelines. The expense of manpower, facilities and equipment demands an optimal return by improving not only the training program, but also the methods employed in this Training Plan Model rely on the evaluation of both the trainees' and the training system's performance. The results of these evaluations are immediately used to revise the program design, keeping the evaluation instruments up-to-date. Necessary revisions to training materials are completed before the next scheduled presentation or planned used by trainers and trainees in self-study

  17. EHV network operation, maintenance, organization and training

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gravier, J.P. [Electricite de France (EDF), 75 - Paris (France)

    1994-12-31

    The service interruptions of electricity have an ever increasing social and industrial impact, it is thus fundamental to operate the network to its best level of performances. To face these changing conditions, Electricite de France has consequently adapted its strategy to improve its organization for maintenance and operation, clarify the operation procedures and give further training to the staff. This work presents the above mentioned issues. (author) 2 figs.

  18. Automatic training sample selection for a multi-evidence based crop classification approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chellasamy, Menaka; Ferre, Ty; Greve, Mogens Humlekrog

    three Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP) neural networks trained separately with spectral, texture and vegetation indices; classification labels were then assigned based on Endorsement Theory. The present study proposes an approach to feed this ensemble classifier with automatically selected training samples...

  19. Multilevel training of binary morphological operators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirata, Nina S T

    2009-04-01

    The design of binary morphological operators that are translation-invariant and locally defined by a finite neighborhood window corresponds to the problem of designing Boolean functions. As in any supervised classification problem, morphological operators designed from training sample also suffer from overfitting. Large neighborhood tends to lead to performance degradation of the designed operator. This work proposes a multi-level design approach to deal with the issue of designing large neighborhood based operators. The main idea is inspired from stacked generalization (a multi-level classifier design approach) and consists in, at each training level, combining the outcomes of the previous level operators. The final operator is a multi-level operator that ultimately depends on a larger neighborhood than of the individual operators that have been combined. Experimental results show that two-level operators obtained by combining operators designed on subwindows of a large window consistently outperforms the single-level operators designed on the full window. They also show that iterating two-level operators is an effective multi-level approach to obtain better results. PMID:19229085

  20. Automatically calibrating admittances in KATE's autonomous launch operations model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Steve

    1992-09-01

    This report documents a 1000-line Symbolics LISP program that automatically calibrates all 15 fluid admittances in KATE's Autonomous Launch Operations (ALO) model. (KATE is Kennedy Space Center's Knowledge-based Autonomous Test Engineer, a diagnosis and repair expert system created for use on the Space Shuttle's various fluid flow systems.) As a new KATE application, the calibrator described here breaks new ground for KSC's Artificial Intelligence Lab by allowing KATE to both control and measure the hardware she supervises. By automating a formerly manual process, the calibrator: (1) saves the ALO model builder untold amounts of labor; (2) enables quick repairs after workmen accidently adjust ALO's hand valves; and (3) frees the modeler to pursue new KATE applications that previously were too complicated. Also reported are suggestions for enhancing the program: (1) to calibrate ALO's TV cameras, pumps, and sensor tolerances; and (2) to calibrate devices in other KATE models, such as the shuttle's LOX and Environment Control System (ECS).

  1. Training shortest-path tractography: Automatic learning of spatial priors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kasenburg, Niklas; Liptrot, Matthew George; Reislev, Nina Linde;

    2016-01-01

    Tractography is the standard tool for automatic delineation of white matter tracts from diffusion weighted images. However, the output of tractography often requires post-processing to remove false positives and ensure a robust delineation of the studied tract, and this demands expert prior...... knowledge. Here we demonstrate how such prior knowledge, or indeed any prior spatial information, can be automatically incorporated into a shortest-path tractography approach to produce more robust results. We describe how such a prior can be automatically generated (learned) from a population, and we...... demonstrate that our framework also retains support for conventional interactive constraints such as waypoint regions. We apply our approach to the open access, high quality Human Connectome Project data, as well as a dataset acquired on a typical clinical scanner. Our results show that the use of a learned...

  2. Training simulator for operations at LNG terminals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsuta, T.; Yamamoto, K.; Tetsuka, S.; Koyama, K. [Tokyo Gas Co., Ltd. (Japan)

    1997-11-01

    The Tokyo Gas LNG terminals are among the major energy centers of the Tokyo area, supplying 8 million customers with city gas, and also supplying fuel for thermal power generation at the neighboring thermal power plant operated by the Tokyo Electric Power Company. For this reason, in the event of an emergency at the terminal operators have to be able to respond quickly and accurately to restore operations and prevent secondary damage. Modern LNG terminals are highly reliable and are equipped with backup systems, and occurrences of major trouble are now almost nil. Operators therefore have to be trained to respond to emergencies using simulators, in order to heighten their emergency response capabilities. Tokyo Gas Co., Ltd. has long been aware of the need for simulators and has used them in training, but a new large-scale, real-time simulator has now developed in response to new training needs, applying previously accumulated expertise to create a model of an entire LNG terminal incorporating new features. The development of this new simulator has made possible training for emergencies affecting an entire terminal, and this has been very effective in raising the standards of operators. (au)

  3. ANSTO RRR simulator for operating personnel training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The ANSTO RRR simulator design for operating personnel training is presented. This simulator is being developed using FARSim and can be classified as follows: Full-scope: the scope of the mathematical model is deep enough to present in the simulated control room the same set of variables as in the real plant control room; Training oriented: Real-time simulation is accomplished to perform satisfactory operators training, meaning that tendency and timing of critical variables and events correspond to equivalent variables and events in the real plant; Plant-specific: The mathematical model corresponds to the ANSTO RRR plant specifically; Partial replica: The control room is only partially replicated. A software version simulates hardware components like buttons, switches and keys. The simulator consists of a cluster of interconnected computers running the Simulator Human- Machine Interface (SHMI), the Instructor Station (IS), the Simulation Manager (SM) and the Model Manager (MM) processes. These are physically located on the Trainee Desk, on the Instructor Desk and on the Simulation Computers Rack. On the trainee desk, two graphical stations are used to display plant mimics of the main systems. These stations use the Foxboro WP70 configuration, similar to the platform used in the RRR Main Console. An additional graphical interface with touch-screen capabilities is used to emulate the hard components of the Main Console (push buttons, switches, keys). On the instructor desk a workstation is used for control and administration of the simulation progress (Instructor Station), and a graphical station is used to inspect the simulated process information (Instructor Display Station), using the same software as the SHMI stations. The main functions that the instructor performs using the Instructor Station are: Load plant initial conditions. Run (start) the simulation. Freeze (pause) the simulation. Restart the simulation. Store snapshots. Backtrack the simulation

  4. Training of operating personnel for nuclear ships

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Training for Nuclear Power Plant Operators is provided by the Royal Navy in support of the Nuclear Submarine Programme which is based on the Pressurised Water Reactor. The Royal naval college has 21 years of experience in this training field in which the core is the preparation of graduate electro-mechanical engineers to assume the duties of marine engineer in command of a team of supporting Engineer Officers of the Watch and Fleet Chief Petty Officers. The paper describes the training programme and shows how it is monitored by academic, professional and naval authorities and indicates the use of feedback from the user. The lynch pin of the programme is a post-graduate diploma course in Nuclear Reactor Technology attended by graduates after gaining some practical experience at sea. The course which is described in detail makes use of simplified simulators and models to develop the principles, these are applied on the JASON Training Reactor with the emphasis on in-core experiments demonstrating reactivity effects and instrumentation interpretation. The training programme provides for interaction between academic education, practical experience, applied education, full plant simulation training and on-the-job training in which boards or examinations have to be successfully passed at each stage. (author)

  5. Training shortest-path tractography: Automatic learning of spatial priors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasenburg, Niklas; Liptrot, Matthew; Reislev, Nina Linde; Ørting, Silas N; Nielsen, Mads; Garde, Ellen; Feragen, Aasa

    2016-04-15

    Tractography is the standard tool for automatic delineation of white matter tracts from diffusion weighted images. However, the output of tractography often requires post-processing to remove false positives and ensure a robust delineation of the studied tract, and this demands expert prior knowledge. Here we demonstrate how such prior knowledge, or indeed any prior spatial information, can be automatically incorporated into a shortest-path tractography approach to produce more robust results. We describe how such a prior can be automatically generated (learned) from a population, and we demonstrate that our framework also retains support for conventional interactive constraints such as waypoint regions. We apply our approach to the open access, high quality Human Connectome Project data, as well as a dataset acquired on a typical clinical scanner. Our results show that the use of a learned prior substantially increases the overlap of tractography output with a reference atlas on both populations, and this is confirmed by visual inspection. Furthermore, we demonstrate how a prior learned on the high quality dataset significantly increases the overlap with the reference for the more typical yet lower quality data acquired on a clinical scanner. We hope that such automatic incorporation of prior knowledge and the obviation of expert interactive tract delineation on every subject, will improve the feasibility of large clinical tractography studies. PMID:26804779

  6. Introduction of the computer-based operation training tools in classrooms to support simulator training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Operation training with full-scope simulators is effective to improve trainees operation competency. To obtain more effective results of simulator training, roles of the ''classroom operation training'' closely cooperated to simulator training are important. The ''classroom operation training'' is aimed at pre- and post-studies for operation knowledge related to operation training using full-scope simulators. We have been developing computer-based operation training tools which are used in classroom training sessions. As the first step, we developed the Simulator Training Replay System. This is an aiding tool in the classroom used to enhance trainees operation performance. This system can synchronously replay plant behavior on CRT display with operators action on a video monitor in the simulator training sessions. This system is used to review plant behavior - trainees response after simulator training sessions and to understand plant behavior - operation procedure before operation training. (author)

  7. Training programme for direct operating functions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the lecture the initial and retraining programs for licensed and non-licensed nuclear power plant shift personnel will be commented. The programs were developed by Biblis Nuclear Power Plant Operations Management (RWE-Betriebsverwaltung) with regard to one decade of operational experience in Biblis nuclear power plants (2 PWR, 1300/1204 MW) and on the basis of the existing guidelines issued by the German Federal Ministry of the Interior. During the application and the constant development of the training programs emphasis was put on the connection of theory and practice following a special training strategy using different training facilities. In this context the role and qualification of the licensed instructors with shift supervisor experience get high importance. (orig./GL)

  8. Automatized working place of the microtron MT-25 operator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To reduce training time and to improve operating personnel efficiency, a decision was made to develop an automated workstation of MT-25 microtron operator which will be based on a microcomputer compatible with IBM PC XT/AT, 640 kB RAM, graphic display of an average resolution, Winchester HDD, DOS 3.3. The computer aid which is designed on the basis of the automated workstation and MT-25 microtron is primarily intended for symbolic processes and euristic retrival and features simplicity in updating, changing and expanding. Its application will, probably, enable correct, as a rule, answers, and the system will become a useful supporting or consultative facility for the users of MT-25 microtron workstation. 5 refs., 3 figs

  9. Automatic Training Site Selection for Agricultural Crop Classification: a Case Study on Karacabey Plain, Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozdarici Ok, A.; Akyurek, Z.

    2011-09-01

    This study implements a traditional supervised classification method to an optical image composed of agricultural crops by means of a unique way, selecting the training samples automatically. Panchromatic (1m) and multispectral (4m) Kompsat-2 images (July 2008) of Karacabey Plain (~100km2), located in Marmara region, are used to evaluate the proposed approach. Due to the characteristic of rich, loamy soils combined with reasonable weather conditions, the Karacabey Plain is one of the most valuable agricultural regions of Turkey. Analyses start with applying an image fusion algorithm on the panchromatic and multispectral image. As a result of this process, 1m spatial resolution colour image is produced. In the next step, the four-band fused (1m) image and multispectral (4m) image are orthorectified. Next, the fused image (1m) is segmented using a popular segmentation method, Mean- Shift. The Mean-Shift is originally a method based on kernel density estimation and it shifts each pixel to the mode of clusters. In the segmentation procedure, three parameters must be defined: (i) spatial domain (hs), (ii) range domain (hr), and (iii) minimum region (MR). In this study, in total, 176 parameter combinations (hs, hr, and MR) are tested on a small part of the area (~10km2) to find an optimum segmentation result, and a final parameter combination (hs=18, hr=20, and MR=1000) is determined after evaluating multiple goodness measures. The final segmentation output is then utilized to the classification framework. The classification operation is applied on the four-band multispectral image (4m) to minimize the mixed pixel effect. Before the image classification, each segment is overlaid with the bands of the image fused, and several descriptive statistics of each segment are computed for each band. To select the potential homogeneous regions that are eligible for the selection of training samples, a user-defined threshold is applied. After finding those potential regions, the

  10. Formalizing procedures for operations automation, operator training and spacecraft autonomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lecouat, Francois; Desaintvincent, Arnaud

    1994-01-01

    The generation and validation of operations procedures is a key task of mission preparation that is quite complex and costly. This has motivated the development of software applications providing support for procedures preparation. Several applications have been developed at MATRA MARCONI SPACE (MMS) over the last five years. They are presented in the first section of this paper. The main idea is that if procedures are represented in a formal language, they can be managed more easily with a computer tool and some automatic verifications can be performed. One difficulty is to define a formal language that is easy to use for operators and operations engineers. From the experience of the various procedures management tools developed in the last five years (including the POM, EOA, and CSS projects), MMS has derived OPSMAKER, a generic tool for procedure elaboration and validation. It has been applied to quite different types of missions, ranging from crew procedures (PREVISE system), ground control centers management procedures (PROCSU system), and - most relevant to the present paper - satellite operation procedures (PROCSAT developed for CNES, to support the preparation and verification of SPOT 4 operation procedures, and OPSAT for MMS telecom satellites operation procedures).

  11. Discussion on movement skill automatization and training%简述动作技能自动化与训练

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李雪

    2011-01-01

    Movement skill automatization make individual complete correlative movements without the participation of special awareness and control,thereby reduce the psychological resource consumption in movement skill operation.Movement skill automatization can help individual to strengthen the feed back function of kinaesthesia with formed movement chart and maintain natural operation level under the disadvantaged condition with nice clue.Overtraining and effective development of actual and timely feed back are the problems should be paid attention during movement skill automatization training.On the psychological training of movement skill automatization,especially the idea essence of presentation training method,effective implementation in practice is the present hotspot in this field.%动作技能自动化使个体在无需特殊意识参与和控制下,协调有序地完成相关动作序列,从而降低动作技能操作中的心理资源消耗。动作技能自动化有助于个体凭借自身已形成的运动程序图式,加强动觉反馈的作用,并能利用细微的线索,在不利条件下维持正常的操作水平。"过度练习"及具体及时反馈的有效开展都是动作技能自动化训练中需要注意的问题。关于动作技能自动化的心理训练,尤其是表象训练法的理念精髓在实践中的有效的贯彻是目前该领域研究的热点。

  12. Study on training of nuclear power system operators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to satisfy new requirements about operators of nuclear power system, which are brought up by development and changes of social environment, science and technology, we do research on and make analysis of the problem of operator training. This paper focuses on development and changes of operator training system and content, mentality training, application of new technology to training, feedback of experience and so on. Analysis showed that the content of operator training is also confronted with some new requirements. So we bring up the new requirements to the operator, such as mentality training, cognizance ability training, adaptability training of special environment and endurance training. Besides, it is important for perfecting operator cultivation mechanism and improving training effect to feed back experience and apply new technology. So the trainer must improve training content and cultivation mechanism continuously. (authors)

  13. 14 CFR 25.672 - Stability augmentation and automatic and power-operated systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... system or in any other automatic or power-operated system which could result in an unsafe condition if...) The design of the stability augmentation system or of any other automatic or power-operated system... exceptional pilot skill or strength, by either the deactivation of the system, or a failed portion thereof,...

  14. 14 CFR 29.672 - Stability augmentation, automatic, and power-operated systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... functioning of stability augmentation or other automatic or power-operated system is necessary to show compliance with the flight characteristics requirements of this part, the system must comply with § 29.671 of... stability augmentation system or in any other automatic or power-operated system which could result in...

  15. 14 CFR 27.672 - Stability augmentation, automatic, and power-operated systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... stability augmentation system or in any other automatic or power-operated system which could result in an... systems. (b) The design of the stability augmentation system or of any other automatic or power-operated system must allow initial counteraction of failures without requiring exceptional pilot skill or...

  16. Integration of mapped RNA-Seq reads into automatic training of eukaryotic gene finding algorithm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lomsadze, Alexandre; Burns, Paul D; Borodovsky, Mark

    2014-09-01

    We present a new approach to automatic training of a eukaryotic ab initio gene finding algorithm. With the advent of Next-Generation Sequencing, automatic training has become paramount, allowing genome annotation pipelines to keep pace with the speed of genome sequencing. Earlier we developed GeneMark-ES, currently the only gene finding algorithm for eukaryotic genomes that performs automatic training in unsupervised ab initio mode. The new algorithm, GeneMark-ET augments GeneMark-ES with a novel method that integrates RNA-Seq read alignments into the self-training procedure. Use of 'assembled' RNA-Seq transcripts is far from trivial; significant error rate of assembly was revealed in recent assessments. We demonstrated in computational experiments that the proposed method of incorporation of 'unassembled' RNA-Seq reads improves the accuracy of gene prediction; particularly, for the 1.3 GB genome of Aedes aegypti the mean value of prediction Sensitivity and Specificity at the gene level increased over GeneMark-ES by 24.5%. In the current surge of genomic data when the need for accurate sequence annotation is higher than ever, GeneMark-ET will be a valuable addition to the narrow arsenal of automatic gene prediction tools. PMID:24990371

  17. ANSTO RRR simulator for operating personnel training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Some aspects of the ANSTO RRR reactor training simulator (RTS) design are presented. The simulator use is for operating personnel training and it is as a full-scope, training oriented, plant-specific and partial control room replica. It consists of a cluster of interconnected computers running several software modules, such as the Simulator Human-Machine Interface (SHMI), the Instructor Station (IS), the Simulation Manager (SM) and the Model Manager (MM). The scope of the Plant Mathematical Model (PMM) is such that the trainee is required to take the same actions on the simulator to conduct an evolution as on the reactor, using the reference plant operating procedures. The scope of the simulation permits conduct of all of the evolutions required until a stable condition is reached. All the systems relevant to the plant normal evolutions, and to the malfunctions defined in the design basis accident (DBA) list, are included. Within these systems both the variables connected to the plant SCADA and the local variables are included, leading to several thousands input-output variables in the PMM. Some modelling approaches and performance tests for both normal evolutions and malfunctions are presented. (author)

  18. Training of nuclear power plant operating personnel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A collection is presented containing 11 papers submitted at a conference on the selection and education of specialists for operation and maintenance of nuclear power plants. The conference was attended by specialists from universities and colleges, research institutes and production plants. It debated the methods and aims of both general and specialized theoretical and practical personnel education, the proposals for teaching centre equipment, the use of simulators, computers and other aids in the teaching process; training on school reactors was included. A proposal was put forward of the system of education, the teaching process itself, the content of the basic theoretical subjects, and the method of testing pupils' knowledge. The importance was stressed of establishing a national coordination centre to safeguard the syllabus, methodology, teaching aids, and also the training proper. The system of personnel education in the Paks nuclear power plant, Hungary, is presented as an example. (M.S.)

  19. CRM training for nuclear power plant operator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is training which expects that as for feature of CRM training, trainees observe the image of their own simulator training and become aware of the state of their selves. With this training, it is important for training crew to understand the idea and the skill of the CRM training. The CRM training consists of the lecture in order to understand what it is, the observation of simulator training image and the de-briefing which trainees discuss after their simulator practices. (author)

  20. A research reactor simulator for operators training and teaching

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work describes a training simulator of Research Reactors (RR). The simulator is an interactive tool for teaching and operator training of the bases of the RR operation, reactor physics and thermal hydraulics. The Brazilian IEA-R1 RR was taken as the reference (default configuration). The implementation of the simulator consists of the modeling of the process and system (neutronics, thermal hydraulics), its numerical solution, and the implementation of the man-machine interface through visual interactive screens. The point kinetics model was used for the nuclear process and the heat and mass conservation models were used for the thermal hydraulic feed back in the average core channel. The heat exchanger and cooling tower were also modeled. The main systems were: the reactivity control system, including the automatic control, and the primary and secondary coolant systems. The Visual C++ was used to codes and graphics lay-outs. The simulator is to be used in a PC with Windows XP system. The simulator allows simulation in real time of start up, power maneuver, and shut down. (authors)

  1. Focussed ultrasonic transducers for automatic testing of pressure apparatus operating

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the framework of the French electronuclear program, the CEA developed an automatic method using focused ultrasonic transducers to inspect PWR vessels. Now, more than 60 examinations have been carried out by the CEA and Intercontrole (IC) with the robot called ''in-Service Inspection Machine'' (M.I.S) which as presented in this paper. Besides these examinations, IC uses focused ultrasonic transducers to test pressure apparatus according to regulations. So IC develops automatic devices. Through the experience acquired and with some examples, this paper presents the advantages of the constraints involved by this type of test

  2. An Automatic Identification Procedure to Promote the use of FES-Cycling Training for Hemiparetic Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilia Ambrosini

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Cycling induced by Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES training currently requires a manual setting of different parameters, which is a time-consuming and scarcely repeatable procedure. We proposed an automatic procedure for setting session-specific parameters optimized for hemiparetic patients. This procedure consisted of the identification of the stimulation strategy as the angular ranges during which FES drove the motion, the comparison between the identified strategy and the physiological muscular activation strategy, and the setting of the pulse amplitude and duration of each stimulated muscle. Preliminary trials on 10 healthy volunteers helped define the procedure. Feasibility tests on 8 hemiparetic patients (5 stroke, 3 traumatic brain injury were performed. The procedure maximized the motor output within the tolerance constraint, identified a biomimetic strategy in 6 patients, and always lasted less than 5 minutes. Its reasonable duration and automatic nature make the procedure usable at the beginning of every training session, potentially enhancing the performance of FES-cycling training.

  3. AUTOMATIC RETINA EXUDATES SEGMENTATION WITHOUT A MANUALLY LABELLED TRAINING SET

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giancardo, Luca [ORNL; Meriaudeau, Fabrice [ORNL; Karnowski, Thomas Paul [ORNL; Li, Yaquin [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Tobin Jr, Kenneth William [ORNL; Chaum, Edward [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

    2011-01-01

    Diabetic macular edema (DME) is a common vision threatening complication of diabetic retinopathy which can be assessed by detecting exudates (a type of bright lesion) in fundus images. In this work, two new methods for the detection of exudates are presented which do not use a supervised learning step and therefore do not require ground-truthed lesion training sets which are time consuming to create, difficult to obtain, and prone to human error. We introduce a new dataset of fundus images from various ethnic groups and levels of DME which we have made publicly available. We evaluate our algorithm with this dataset and compare our results with two recent exudate segmentation algorithms. In all of our tests, our algorithms perform better or comparable with an order of magnitude reduction in computational time.

  4. Evolution of Training in NASA's Mission Operations Directorate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutt, Jason

    2012-01-01

    NASA s Mission Operations Directorate provides all the mission planning, training, and operations support for NASA's human spaceflight missions including the International Space Station (ISS) and its fleet of supporting vehicles. MOD also develops and maintains the facilities necessary to conduct training and operations for those missions including the Mission Control Center, Space Station Training Facility, Space Vehicle Mockup Facility, and Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory. MOD's overarching approach to human spaceflight training is to "train like you fly." This approach means not only trying to replicate the operational environment in training but also to approach training with the same mindset as real operations. When in training, this means using the same approach for executing operations, responding to off-nominal situations, and conducting yourself in the operations environment in the same manner as you would for the real vehicle.

  5. Academic training for nuclear power plant operators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In view of the increasing emphasis being placed upon academic training of nuclear power plant operators, it is important that institutions of higher education develop and implement programs which will meet the educational needs of operational personnel in the nuclear industry. Two primary objectives must be satisfied by these programs if they are to be effective in meeting the needs of the industry. One objective is for academic quality. The other primary objective is for programs to address the specialized needs of the nuclear plant operator and to be relevant to the operator's job. The Center for Nuclear Studies at Memphis State University, therefore, has developed a total program for these objectives, which delivers the programs, and/or appropriate parts thereto, at ten nuclear plant sites and with other plants in the planning stage. The Center for Nuclear Studies program leads to a Bachelor of Professional Studies degree in nuclear industrial operations, which is offered through the university college of Memphis State University

  6. Training telescope operators and support astronomers at Paranal

    CERN Document Server

    Boffin, Henri M J; Anderson, Joe; Pino, Andres; de Wit, Willem-Jan; Girard, Julien H V

    2016-01-01

    The operations model of the Paranal Observatory relies on the work of efficient staff to carry out all the daytime and nighttime tasks. This is highly dependent on adequate training. The Paranal Science Operations department (PSO) has a training group that devises a well-defined and continuously evolving training plan for new staff, in addition to broadening and reinforcing courses for the whole department. This paper presents the training activities for and by PSO, including recent astronomical and quality control training for operators, as well as adaptive optics and interferometry training of all staff. We also present some future plans.

  7. Cognitive skills training for nuclear power plant operators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Based on the several past researches, a set of training ways to improve nuclear power plant operators' cognitive skills is proposed With such ways, first the cognitive skills needed in the routine operation and the emergency operation are listed. Then the effective corresponding training ways are developed for improving the listed operators' cognitive skills

  8. Effective training based on the cause analysis of operation errors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors have investigated typical error types through our training experience, and analyzed the causes of them. Error types which are observed in simulator training are: (1) lack of knowledge or lack of its applying ability to actual operation; (2) defective mastery of skillbase operation; (3) rote operation or stereotyped manner; (4) mind-setting or lack of redundant verification; (5) lack of team work; (6) misjudgement for the plant overall conditions by operation chief, who directs a reactor operator and a turbine operator in the training. The paper describes training methods used in Japan for BWR utilities to overcome these error types

  9. Haulage Truck Operator. Open Pit Mining Job Training Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    British Columbia Dept. of Education, Victoria.

    This training outline for haulage truck operators, one in a series of eight outlines, is designed primarily for company training foremen or supervisors and for trainers to use as an industry-wide guideline for heavy equipment operator training in open pit mining in British Columbia. Intended as a guide for preparation of lesson plans both for…

  10. Rotary Drill Operator. Open Pit Mining Job Training Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savilow, Bill

    This training outline for rotary drill operators, one in a series of eight outlines, is designed primarily for company training foremen or supervisors and for trainers to use as an industry-wide guideline for heavy equipment operator training in open pit mining in British Columbia. Intended as a guide for preparation of lesson plans both for…

  11. Front End Loader Operator. Open Pit Mining Job Training Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savilow, Bill

    This training outline for front end loader operators, one in a series of eight outlines, is designed primarily for company training foremen or supervisors and for trainers to use as an industry-wide guideline for heavy equipment operator training in open pit mining in British Columbia. Intended as a guide for preparation of lesson plans both for…

  12. Grader Operator. Open Pit Mining Job Training Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savilow, Bill

    This training outline for grader operators, one in a series of eight outlines, is designed primarily for company training foremen or supervisors and for trainers to use as an industry-wide guideline for heavy equipment operator training in open pit mining in British Columbia. Intended as a guide for preparation of lesson plans both for classroom…

  13. Rubber Tire Dozer Operator. Open Pit Mining Job Training Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    British Columbia Dept. of Education, Victoria.

    This training outline for rubber tire dozer operators, one in a series of eight outlines, is designed primarily for company training foremen or supervisors and for trainers to use as an industry-wide guideline for heavy equipment operator training in open pit mining in British Columbia. Intended as a guide for preparation of lesson plans both for…

  14. Track Dozer Operator. Open Pit Mining Job Training Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    British Columbia Dept. of Education, Victoria.

    This training outline for track dozer operators, one in a series of eight outlines, is designed primarily for company training foremen or supervisors and for trainers to use as an industry-wide guideline for heavy equipment operator training in open pit mining in British Columbia. Intended as a guide for preparation of lesson plans both for…

  15. Shovel Operator. Open Pit Mining Job Training Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartley, Larry

    This training outline for shovel operators, one in a series of eight outlines, is designed primarily for company training foremen or supervisors and for trainers to use as an industry-wide guideline for heavy equipment operator training in open pit mining in British Columbia. Intended as a guide for preparation of lesson plans both for classroom…

  16. Recent training technology of BWR operators using full scope simulators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear power plants are being operated at high standards now in Japan. There are far few opportunities for operators to perform in challenging situations. To maintain skill and refinement, the simulator training is indispensable for them. BWR Operator Training Center (BTC) provides training courses according to the grade and duty of the operators. The training force constitutes of personnel from utilities', manufacturers' and also BTC-hired personnel. One of the big features of BTC training is composite team type. In this form of training, men from different plants make a team and help each other study. On the human factor viewpoint, error experience on simulators is one of the important items. Training on recognizing subtle symptom is an example of a recent development. Team training for actual crew is effective from various viewpoints. (author)

  17. BWR operator training for emergency conditions using simulator in Japan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    BWR Operator Training Center Corporation (BTC) is the only training organization for all Japanese BWR utilities. BWR operator training program is constructed to maintain and upgrade the ability of the individual operator and the operation crews. The training course for the individual operator is focused on the operator's positions, from that of the main operator to the licensed shift supervisor. The target of the training for operation crews, which is called the family training, is to upgrade the team performance including shift supervisor. The training programs are combined to improve and upgrade the operator performance using simulator. BWR training simulator has been designed to demonstrate many kinds of malfunctions, modeling a single failure and multiple failure, including loss of coolant accident. It has also the alteration and scheduling function to simulate the abnormal and accident situation. These functions are utilized to easily simulate the accident scenario and enlarge the operator's knowledge in case of the abnormal condition. This paper describes the BWR operator training for emergency conditions using simulator and the advanced control board simulator performance including the abnormal situation functions. (author). 5 refs, 2 tabs

  18. Qualified operator training in the simulated control room environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Mainly designed for the training of the Cernavoda NPP Unit 2 operators, the virtual simulated environment allows the training of the already qualified operators for Cernavoda NPP Unit 1, adding to the already trained knowledge, the differences which has occurred in the Unit 2 design. Using state-of-the-art computers and displays and qualified software, the virtual simulated panels could offer a viable alternative to classic hardware-based training. This approach allows quick training of the new procedures required by the new configuration of the re-designed operator panels in the main control room of Cernavoda NPP Unit 2. (authors)

  19. Training capability required during plant operation to meet manpower needs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A methodology is described for planning the training capability required during nuclear power plant operation to meet future manpower needs. The methodology involves the identification of the appropriate initial training programs and requalification training programs for each job position, and the computation of student throughput rates for each program. Application of the methodology to a subset of all job positions in a typical utility organization shows that minimum training costs may be achieved when the utility's training investment is minimized by using outside assistance from qualified training sources for certain training functions

  20. Automatic operation systems for the coke oven top; Cokes ro rojo sagyo no jidoka tachiage jokyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saji, T.; Kitayama, Y. [Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd., Osaka (Japan)

    1994-10-13

    This paper describes an outline of automatic operation on the coke oven top, which has been conducted at the Kashima Steel Works, Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd. For the automatic operation on the oven top, unmanned operation of the charging car, mechanization of works on the oven top, centralized control, and simplification of the system were introduced. This automatic system consists of the charging car, central station, charging car station, and quenching car automation system. For the automatic travel motion control, braking by the electric regenerative brake and disk brake was adopted. The oven center standing control is carried out by using the position and distance information of interlock cable and the oven center sensor. Standing accuracy of the oven center of charging car was designed to be up to {plus_minus}10 mm. High detection accuracy can be obtained through the optical cutting image processing. The carbon removing apparatus for inlet port, oven top cleaner dust treatment apparatus, and charging level measurement apparatus were added to the charging car, which were required for the automatic operation on the oven top. As a result, the automatic ratio more than 99% could be achieved. 6 figs., 4 tabs.

  1. Tunnel operator training with a conversational agent-assistant

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buiel, E.; Lubbers, J.; Doesburg, W. van; Muller, T.

    2009-01-01

    A tunnel operator monitors and regulates the flow of traffic inside a tunnel. Tunnel operators need to train in a simulator regularly in order to maintain proficiency in handling incident situations. During quiet working hours, the operator has enough time for training. But generally at that time no

  2. Systematic evaluation of nuclear operator team skills training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In recent years, the nuclear industry has increasingly recognized with the technical training given its control room operators. As yet, however, little has been done to determine the actual effectiveness of such nontechnical training. Thus, the questions of how team training should be carried out for maximum impact on the safety and efficiency of control room operation and just what the benefits of such training might be remain open. We are in the early stages of establishing a systematic evaluation process that will help nuclear utilities assess the effectiveness of their existing team skills training programs for control room operators. Research focuses on defining the specific behavioral and attitudinal objectives of team skills training. Simply put, what does good practice look like and sound like in the control room environment? What specific behaviors and attitudes should the training be directed toward? Obviously, the answers to the questions have clear implications for the design of nuclear team skills training programs

  3. The development of NPP operational safety training courses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of the project is to develop a training course text for the betterment of reactor operation and assurance of its safety in general by providing training materials of the advanced compact nuclear simulator which will become operation in September 1988. Main scope and contents of the project are as follows: - compilation of basic data related to simulator operation and maintenance as well as the comparative analysis with respect to simulator materials in foreign countries - method of training by simulator - review the training status by simulator in foreign countries - development of training course in the field of reactor safety It is expected that the results will be reflected to the actual training and retraining of the reactor operating crew so as to improve and update their capabilities in training fashion. (Author)

  4. ATC Operations Analysis via Automatic Recognition of Clearances Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Recent advances in airport surface surveillance have motivated the creation of new tools and data sources for analysis of Air Traffic Control (ATC) operations. The...

  5. ATC Operations Analysis via Automatic Recognition of Clearances Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Recent advances in airport surface surveillance have motivated the creation of new tools for analysis of Air Traffic Control (ATC) operations, such as the Surface...

  6. Job training planning and design for process plant operators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A method is presented by which process plant operators for nuclear power plants are trained in Sweden. It works by a top-down method of systems analysis which can be integrated into the analysis, specification, and design of the process automation system. The training methods can also be adapted to existing automation systems and operating schedules. The author's method is based on the principle that training programs should be based on job requirements, e.g. operator tasks in common, less frequent, and rare operating conditions. Procedures have been tested for the following steps: Job analysis, analysis of knowledge and experience required, analysis of operator training requirements, set-up and organisation of the training programme, achievement control, evaluation of the training programme. (orig./HP)

  7. Boiling water reactor operator training and qualification in Japan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear power plant operators in Japan are individuals employed by each electric power company. A recruit goes through his company's training; afterwards, he is given a qualification rating and is assigned to practical duty. The only formal qualification authorized by the Japanese government is the full-fledged shift supervisor. Other classifications such as assistant shift supervisor, shift foreman, reactor operator, and subreactor operator are all designated and appointed by each company's in-house regulations. As a part of the training system, power companies that require the use of a full-scope simulator in their training programs utilize the boiling water reactor (BWR) and pressurized water reactor operator training centers. Both were set up independently of the power companies. A synopsis of the BWR Operator Training Center Corp. (BTC ) and its training systems, features, performance evaluation, curriculum improvement, and related items is presented

  8. Simulator training and licensing examination for nuclear power station operator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For the recruitment, training and position qualification of the simulator instructors and feedback of training effect, the management approaches are formulated in 'The System for Simulator Training and Licensing Examination of Daya Bay Nuclear Power Station Operators'. The concrete requirements on the professional knowledge, work experience and foreign language ability of a simulator instructor are put forward. The process of instructor training is designed. The training items include the trainer training, pedagogy training, time management training, operation activities training during outage of unit, 'shadow' training and on-the-jot training on simulator courses. Job rotation is realized between simulator instructor and licensing personnel on site. New simulator instructor must pass the qualification identification. After a duration of 2 years, re-qualification has to be carried out. On the basis of the operator training method introduced from EDF (electricite De France), some new courses are developed and the improvement on the initial training, retaining courses, the technical support and the experience feedback by using the simulator is done also. (authors)

  9. Operator refresher training and requalification at Cernavoda NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper presents the Operator's training program for refresher and requalification purposes, which were developed using the CANDU training full-scope simulator at Cernavoda NPP. First the purpose of both programs is described, and then more details on how these programs are delivered are given. The Refresher Training Program, part of the Operator Continuing Training Program, and the Requalification Training Program are periodically training given to the previously authorised operating personnel. The training and the evaluation are conducted both on an individual and on the team basis. Both programs are tailored according with Systematic Approach to Training concept. In addition to that the importance of the training on simulator arises from the fact that the training is mostly related to plant transients/accidents that in real life may never happens, but the operators should be always prepared for the worst. Continuing Training Program (CTP) applies to the authorized positions of Shift Supervisor (SS) and Control Room Operator (CRO) at CNE-PROD Cernavoda. Also, the program is establishing the criteria and the process, which will allow the authorised SS and CRO to maintain their authorised status. (author)

  10. Operations Research for Freight Train Routing and Scheduling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harrod, Steven; Gorman, Michael F.

    2011-01-01

    This article describes the service design activities that plan and implement the rail freight operating plan. Elements of strategic service design include the setting of train frequency, the routing of cars among trains, and the consolidation of cars, called blocking. At the operational level......, trains are dispatched either according to train paths configured in advance, called timetables, or according to priority rules. We describe the North American and European practice along with selected modeling and problem solving methodologies appropriate for each of the operating conditions described...

  11. Method for automatic control rod operation using rule-based control

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An automatic control rod operation method using rule-based control is proposed. Its features are as follows: (1) a production system to recognize plant events, determine control actions and realize fast inference (fast selection of a suitable production rule), (2) use of the fuzzy control technique to determine quantitative control variables. The method's performance was evaluated by simulation tests on automatic control rod operation at a BWR plant start-up. The results were as follows; (1) The performance which is related to stabilization of controlled variables and time required for reactor start-up, was superior to that of other methods such as PID control and program control methods, (2) the process time to select and interpret the suitable production rule, which was the same as required for event recognition or determination of control action, was short (below 1 s) enough for real time control. The results showed that the method is effective for automatic control rod operation. (author)

  12. Automatic and manual operation modes of the TFTR maintenance manipulator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The remote in-vessel operations scheduled to maintain the TFTR at Princeton, NJ, USA, comprise inspection, calibration, cleaning and protective tile replacement. The environmental conditions inside the torus vessel are ultra high vacuum, moderate γ-radiation and 1500C temperature of the vessel structure. The Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) and KfK are jointly developing a maintenance manipulator (MM) which can perform these tasks. (orig./HP)

  13. A Simulation-Based Approach to Training Operational Cultural Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, W. Lewis

    2010-01-01

    Cultural knowledge and skills are critically important for military operations, emergency response, or any job that involves interaction with a culturally diverse population. However, it is not obvious what cultural knowledge and skills need to be trained, and how to integrate that training with the other training that trainees must undergo. Cultural training needs to be broad enough to encompass both regional (culture-specific) and cross-cultural (culture-general) competencies, yet be focused enough to result in targeted improvements in on-the-job performance. This paper describes a comprehensive instructional development methodology and training technology framework that focuses cultural training on operational needs. It supports knowledge acquisition, skill acquisition, and skill transfer. It supports both training and assessment, and integrates with other aspects of operational skills training. Two training systems will be used to illustrate this approach: the Virtual Cultural Awareness Trainer (VCAT) and the Tactical Dari language and culture training system. The paper also discusses new and emerging capabilities that are integrating cultural competence training more strongly with other aspects of training and mission rehearsal.

  14. Improvement of quality with Nuclear Power Training Center (NTC) operator training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear Power Training Center (NTC) was established in 1972 for PWR operator training. As the result of introduction of quality assurance management into NTC operator training, it became possible to confirm each step of systematic approach to training (SAT) process and then feedback process became clearer. Simulation models were modified based on domestic or overseas accidents cases and so training was improved using simulators closer to actual plants. Also a new multipurpose simulator with modified reactor coolant system (RCS) visual display device (RVD) and parameter-event-log (PEL) device was introduced in 2003 to provide more information so as to upgrade knowledge level of operators. (T. Tanaka)

  15. Development of the HANARO research reactor simulator for operator training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    HANARO (High flux Advanced Neutron Application ReactOr) is multi purpose research reactor in Korea Atomic Energy research Institute, and is operating since 1995. It is needed that training and retraining programs for the operating staff, including: reactor manager, shift supervisors, reactor operators, and others working at the research reactor facility. Recently, we developed HANARO research reactor real time simulator for operating staff training to satisfy these programs. The development of computer based training simulator have provided an easy understanding of reactor physics, operation, and control. Real time simulator is recognized as the ultimate training tool because they allow experiencing, in a dynamic mode, every type of operational condition which can be encountered including: start up, variation of power, shut down, operation during accidents, etc. Also, the simulator will be used as a dynamic test-bed for the reactor regulating system control algorithm

  16. Development of the HANARO research reactor simulator for operator training

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kwon, Kee Choon; Kim, Jang Yeol; Park, Jae Chang; Lee, Seung Wook; Hwang, In Ah; Lee, Dong Young [KAERI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-10-15

    HANARO (High flux Advanced Neutron Application ReactOr) is multi purpose research reactor in Korea Atomic Energy research Institute, and is operating since 1995. It is needed that training and retraining programs for the operating staff, including: reactor manager, shift supervisors, reactor operators, and others working at the research reactor facility. Recently, we developed HANARO research reactor real time simulator for operating staff training to satisfy these programs. The development of computer based training simulator have provided an easy understanding of reactor physics, operation, and control. Real time simulator is recognized as the ultimate training tool because they allow experiencing, in a dynamic mode, every type of operational condition which can be encountered including: start up, variation of power, shut down, operation during accidents, etc. Also, the simulator will be used as a dynamic test-bed for the reactor regulating system control algorithm.

  17. NTC operator training program viewed from SAT-based training process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matsumoto, Yoshio [Nuclear Power Training Center Ltd., Tsuruga, Fukui (Japan)

    1996-08-01

    The Nuclear Power Training Center Ltd. (NTC) was established in June 1972 to train PWR plant operators. Operator training was started in Apr. 1974. Presently we have three full-scope, control-room simulators. Recently IAEA recommended that its Systematic Approach to Training (SAT) be used for the training of NPP personnel. We thoroughly examined the SAT-based process and compared it against the NTC training program. As a result, we have recognized that the NTC training program satisfies the SAT-based training process. We now intend to improve the feedback step of the NTC training system. Our efforts continue to produce a relevant program at the forefront of our profession. (author)

  18. The training of operating personnel at Spanish nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An essential condition in order to ensure that nuclear power plants are operated reliably and safely is the availability in the Control Room of duly qualified persons capable both of preventing accidents and of responding to them should they occur. Training of the Control Room operating crews is accomplished in two major stages: a lengthy process of initial training in which the knowledge acquired at high school and university is built upon, leading to the specialisation required to appropriately carry out the tasks to be performed in the Control Room, and a continuous training program aimed at maintaining and improving the knowledge and skills required to operate the plant, with feedback of the lessons learned from the industry's operating experience. The use of full-scope simulators replicating the physical conditions and environment of the Control Room allows the period of initial training to be reduced and is the most appropriate method for the continuous training program of the control room personnel, since these simulators increase the realism of the training scenarios, help to better understand the response of the plant and provide an accurate idea of transient response times. Tecnatom is the Training Centre for Spanish Operators; it is the 'Operator Training Factory' and its mission is to train the nuclear power plant operating personnel in both technological fundamentals and the development of diagnostic skills through practical scenarios on the simulator and on-the-job training. Our training programmes are based on a SAT (Systematic Approach to Training) methodology that has been implemented at both Spanish and overseas plants. (author)

  19. Automatic operation of radioactive solid waste interim storage system in nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. (MHI) has developed an automatic system to transport and store on site the low-level radioactive wastes generated in nuclear power plants. This system consists mainly of palletizing equipment, unmanned forklift trucks and a data control system. The system has realized the unmanned and labour-saving operations in storage facilities with minimized radiation exposure and maximized operation and storage efficiencies. As for the unmanned forklift trucks, the inertia guidance system, which is superior in performance, maintainability and economy, has been newly developed and applied in addition to the previously actualized wire-guided forklift trucks. Moreover, an automatic drum data reader using an image processing technique and full automatic inspection equipment for drummed wastes, which are in the final stages of their development, are introduced. (author)

  20. Integrated initial training program for a CEGB operations engineer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper considers the overall training programs undertaken by a newly appointed Operations Engineer at one of the Central Electricity Generating Board's (CEGB) Advanced Gas Cooled Reactor (AGR) nuclear power stations. The training program is designed to equip him with the skills and knowledge necessary for him to discharge his duties safely and effectively. In order to assist the learning process and achieve and integrated program, aspects of reactor technology and operation, initially the subject of theoretical presentations at the CEGB's Nuclear Power Training Center (NPTC) are reinforced by either simulation and/or practical experience on site. In the later stages plant-specific simulators, operated by trained tutors, are incorporated into the training program to provide the trainee with practical experience of plant operation. The trainee's performance is assessed throughout the program to provide feedback to the trainee, the trainers and station management

  1. Uncertain Training Data Edition for Automatic Object-Based Change Map Extraction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hajahmadi, S.; Mokhtarzadeh, M.; Mohammadzadeh, A.; Valadanzouj, M. J.

    2013-09-01

    Due to the rapid transformation of the societies, and the consequent growth of the cities, it is necessary to study these changes in order to achieve better control and management of urban areas and assist the decision-makers. Change detection involves the ability to quantify temporal effects using multi-temporal data sets. The available maps of the under study area is one of the most important sources for this reason. Although old data bases and maps are a great resource, it is more than likely that the training data extracted from them might contain errors, which affects the procedure of the classification; and as a result the process of the training sample editing is an essential matter. Due to the urban nature of the area studied and the problems caused in the pixel base methods, object-based classification is applied. To reach this, the image is segmented into 4 scale levels using a multi-resolution segmentation procedure. After obtaining the segments in required levels, training samples are extracted automatically using the existing old map. Due to the old nature of the map, these samples are uncertain containing wrong data. To handle this issue, an editing process is proposed according to K-nearest neighbour and k-means algorithms. Next, the image is classified in a multi-resolution object-based manner and the effects of training sample refinement are evaluated. As a final step this classified image is compared with the existing map and the changed areas are detected.

  2. 30 CFR 77.211-1 - Continuous methane monitoring device; installation and operation; automatic deenergization of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Continuous methane monitoring device... Installations § 77.211-1 Continuous methane monitoring device; installation and operation; automatic deenergization of electric equipment. Continuous methane monitoring devices shall be set to...

  3. 14 CFR 23.672 - Stability augmentation and automatic and power-operated systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... provided for any failure in the stability augmentation system or in any other automatic or power-operated system that could result in an unsafe condition if the pilot was not aware of the failure. Warning systems must not activate the control system. (b) The design of the stability augmentation system or...

  4. Guide for training nuclear power plant operators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Topics covered include basic preparation, radiation safety and control, principles of reactor operation, general operating characteristics, facility design, safety systems, instrumentation, reactor theory, fuel handling and core parameters, radioactive material handling, and administrative procedures

  5. Pipeline operators training and certification using thermohydraulic simulators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barreto, Claudio V.; Plasencia C, Jose [Pontificia Universidade Catolica (PUC-Rio), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Nucleo de Simulacao Termohidraulica de Dutos (SIMDUT); Montalvao, Filipe; Costa, Luciano [TRANSPETRO - PETROBRAS Transporte S.A., Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2009-07-01

    The continuous pipeline operators training and certification of the TRANSPETRO's Pipeline National Operations Control Center (CNCO) is an essential task aiming the efficiency and safety of the oil and derivatives transport operations through the Brazilian pipeline network. For this objective, a hydraulic simulator is considered an excellent tool that allows the creation of different operational scenarios for training the pipeline hydraulic behavior as well as for testing the operator's responses to normal and abnormal real time operational conditions. The hydraulic simulator is developed based on a pipeline simulation software that supplies the hydraulic responses normally acquired from the pipeline remote units in the field. The pipeline simulation software has a communication interface system that sends and receives data to the SCADA supervisory system database. Using the SCADA graphical interface to create and to customize human machine interfaces (HMI) from which the operator/instructor has total control of the pipeline/system and instrumentation by sending commands. Therefore, it is possible to have realistic training outside of the real production systems, while acquiring experience during training hours with the operation of a real pipeline. A pilot Project was initiated at TRANSPETRO - CNCO targeting to evaluate the hydraulic simulators advantages in pipeline operators training and certification programs. The first part of the project was the development of three simulators for different pipelines. The excellent results permitted the project expansion for a total of twenty different pipelines, being implemented in training programs for pipelines presently operated by CNCO as well as for the new ones that are being migrated. The main objective of this paper is to present an overview of the implementation process and the development of a training environment through a pipe simulation environment using commercial software. This paper also presents

  6. Review on Methods of Train Running Automatic Adjustment in Transit%城市轨道交通列车运行自动调整研究方法综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐冬

    2015-01-01

    基于城市轨道交通列车运行自动调整的概念和必要性,介绍实现列车运行自动调整的基本思路:时刻表调整和行车间隔调整。并结合国内外学者的研究成果,对目前存在的列车运行自动调整研究方法进行分析,为列车运行自动调整问题的建模和算法实现提供参考。%Based on the concept and necessity of train operation automatic adjustment in urban rail transit, the paper introduces the basic idea for the realization of train operation automatic adjustment, time schedule adjustment and train running interval adjustment. By taking into consideration of the study done by some scholars at home and abroad, the paper makes analysis on the research methods for existing automatic train operation adjustment, and provides references for the modeling and algorithm of train operation automatic adjustment.

  7. Design and development of PFBR operator training simulator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The phenomenal growth in Science and Technology and the latest developments in Computational Intelligence have paved a way in accomplishing projects that were impossible a few decades ago. The High Performance Computing Systems that are available in the market at present have helped in realizing the real time Full Scope Replica Operator Training Simulator. The area of utilization also has increased from design to manufacturing and plant operation. Presently, simulators are used for Design Verification of Engineering Components, Design Verification of process Logics and Controls, understanding the Basic Principles, Design and Analysis of process dynamics and in Research and Development activities. One such product has been built at Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research at Kalpakkam, India i.e. an Operator Training Simulator for training the plant operators. This paper highlights the Design and Development details of PFBR Operator Training Simulator in brief including various steps involved in reaching the target. (author)

  8. Automatic Learning of Fine Operating Rules for Online Power System Security Control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Hongbin; Zhao, Feng; Wang, Hao; Wang, Kang; Jiang, Weiyong; Guo, Qinglai; Zhang, Boming; Wehenkel, Louis

    2016-08-01

    Fine operating rules for security control and an automatic system for their online discovery were developed to adapt to the development of smart grids. The automatic system uses the real-time system state to determine critical flowgates, and then a continuation power flow-based security analysis is used to compute the initial transfer capability of critical flowgates. Next, the system applies the Monte Carlo simulations to expected short-term operating condition changes, feature selection, and a linear least squares fitting of the fine operating rules. The proposed system was validated both on an academic test system and on a provincial power system in China. The results indicated that the derived rules provide accuracy and good interpretability and are suitable for real-time power system security control. The use of high-performance computing systems enables these fine operating rules to be refreshed online every 15 min. PMID:25680217

  9. Training program requirements for remote equipment operators in nuclear facilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the most neglected areas in the engineering development of remotely operated equipment applications in nuclear environments is the planning of adequate training programs for the equipment operators. Remote equipment accidents cannot be prevented solely by engineered safety features on the equipment. As a result of the experiences in using remote equipment in the recovery effort at Three Mile Island Unit 2 (TMI-2), guidelines for the development of remote equipment operator training programs have been generated. The result is that a successful education and training program can create an environment favorable to the safe and effective implementation of a remote equipment program in a nuclear facility

  10. Operator training simulator for PWR nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Japan, PWRs and BWRs have been used for nuclear power stations, and the organs for training operators exist corresponding to both type. As the organ for training the operators of PWRs, there is the Nuclear Power Generation Training Center (NTC) in Tsuruga City, Fukui Prefecture. The simulater installed in the NTC is called replica simulator or full scale simulator. This replica type simulator has the control board entirely same as the central control board of an actual power plant, and the arrangement, color, alarm sound and so on are also the same as the actual ones, in this way, the same environment as the control room of an actual power station is created. As to the range of simulation, the system required for the operation from a central control room are treated, and the range of operation includes from the normal operation such as start-up and shutdown to accident and abnormality. The contents of training in the Training Center are initial training, retraining and special training, and these are explained. The constitution and function of the compact simulator that aims at the technical improvement in the knowledge about the plant and the rule of operation, and the range of simulation are reported. (K.I.)

  11. Automatic limit switch system for scintillation device and method of operation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A scintillation scanner is described having an automatic limit switch system for setting the limits of travel of the radiation detection device which is carried by a scanning boom. The automatic limit switch system incorporates position responsive circuitry for developing a signal representative of the position of the boom, reference signal circuitry for developing a signal representative of a selected limit of travel of the boom, and comparator circuitry for comparng these signals in order to control the operation of a boom drive and indexing mechanism. (author)

  12. Recruitment, training and decision making devices for operating teams

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Organisation of nuclear power plants in the Federal Republic of Germany is discussed. The training stages for reactor operators, shift managers and shift engineers are outlined. Simulator training is described in detail. Guidelines for refresher courses are given. Instructions are laid down in a series of handbooks

  13. Approach to training the operators of WWER-440 reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper has three parts. (1) Personnel Training and Qualifications (2) Description of Kozloduy NPP Training and Qualification System (TQS) built in the last 7 years and its interfaces with the Certification System and (3) Application of the TQS for the Senior Reactor Operator (SRO). (author)

  14. Development of operator training simulator for Rokkasho reprocessing plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The operator training simulator has been started to develop for the purpose of safety and stable operation in the Rokkasho reprocessing plant, the first commercial spent nuclear fuel reprocessing plant in Japan. At present, the safety training simulator, which had been developed for the purpose of the specified abnormal events training, has already been in operation. The simulator was designed to contribute to the acquisition of the knowledge and skills indispensable for the plant operators and to the promotion of good team-work among operators. It was also designed in consideration of the simple and consistent extensibility to the full-scope training simulator which is now planned to develop using the same hard-ware. The model building and maintenance tools were applied as trial for the model tuning and modification. They must be indispensable for the reflection of the plant operation data and for the planning full-scope training simulator development. The usefulness and the validity of the simulator were ascertained through the training and its reports as the simulator development successfulness. (author)

  15. Expert system aided operator's mental activities training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The operator's mental activity is the most important part of his work. A processing of a large amount of the information by the operator is possible only if he/she possesses appropriate cognitive skills. To facilitate the novice's acquisition of the experienced operator's cognitive skills of the decision-making process a special type of the expert system was developed. The cognitive engineering's models and problem-solving methodology constitutes the basis of this expert system. The article gives an account of the prototype of the mentioned expert system developed to aid the whole mental activity of the nuclear power plant operator during his decision-making process. (author). 6 refs, 6 figs

  16. Culture, leaders, and operator team training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Every nuclear utility has a culture which either drives or becomes a barrier to the vision of high performance and accountability of its personnel. This paper discusses two very powerful cultures at work in the nuclear power industry that may have very different values or ways of doing things. Employees from fossil plants have moved over to the nuclear plants where they meet with personnel who have been raised in the US Navy Nuclear Power Program. If these two cultures collide, as many plants have experienced, no one wins. Left alone, the two cultures may merge naturally, but if not, no amount of technical or procedural training will bridge the gulf. A second powerful influence within nuclear utilities is leadership. While culture explains how we do things around here, leadership has to do with the example people follow. This example may be set by a top executive in the corporate office or by a supervisor in the control room. The influence of leaders, whether positive or negative, can be seen at all levels of the utility. Team training, at any level, begins with a thorough understanding of the parent utility's culture, followed closely by an efficient method of implanting a culture suited to the company's strategy

  17. JELC-LITE: Unconventional Instructional Design for Special Operations Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedman, Mark

    2012-01-01

    Current special operations staff training is based on the Joint Event Life Cycle (JELC). It addresses operational level tasks in multi-week, live military exercises which are planned over a 12 to 18 month timeframe. As the military experiences changing global mission sets, shorter training events using distributed technologies will increasingly be needed to augment traditional training. JELC-Lite is a new approach for providing relevant training between large scale exercises. This new streamlined, responsive training model uses distributed and virtualized training technologies to establish simulated scenarios. It keeps proficiency levels closer to optimal levels -- thereby reducing the performance degradation inherent in periodic training. It can be delivered to military as well as under-reached interagency groups to facilitate agile, repetitive training events. JELC-Lite is described by four phases paralleling the JELC, differing mostly in scope and scale. It has been successfully used with a Theater Special Operations Command and fits well within the current environment of reduced personnel and financial resources.

  18. Training of PWR operators in Electricite de France

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Electricite de France has started up in 1981 eight PWR units (900 MWe) and five or six more will be commissioned in the course of each of the next few years. Such a programme will require an unprecedented effort of recruitment and training by the company. New staff will be recruited partly by taking on young school-leavers and partly by internal recruitment within EDF of staff working in conventional thermal or nuclear power stations. Training will be provided each year to around 4,000 staff. The paper reviews successively the following points: organizing the operation of a power station with four PWR units (900 MWe); the criteria for personnel selection; training programmes suited to the origin and function of operating personnel; training staff to carry out a given function; the existing training resources

  19. Severe accidents and operator training - discussion of potential issues

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    R and D programs developed throughout the world allowed significant progress in the understanding of physical phenomena and Severe Accident Management (SAM) programs started in many OECD countries. Basically, the common denominator to all these SAM programs was to provide utility operators with procedures or guidelines allowing to deal with complex situations not formally considered in the Design Basis, including accidents where a significant portion of the core had molten. These SAM procedures or guidelines complement the traditional accident management procedures (event, symptom or physical-state oriented) and should allow operators to deal with a reasonably bounding set of situations. Dealing with operator or crisis team training, it was recognized that training would be beneficial but that training programs were lagging, i.e. though training sessions were either organized or contemplated after implementation of SAM programs, they seemed to be somewhat different from more traditional training sessions on Accident Management. After some explanations on the differences between Design Basis Accidents (DBAs) and Beyond Design Basis Accidents (BDBAs), this paper underlines some potential difficulties for training operators and discuss problems to be addressed by organisms contemplating SAM training sessions consistent with similar activities for less complex events

  20. An Automatic Uav Mapping System for Supporting un (united Nations) Field Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, K.; Cheon, J. W.; Kim, H. Y.; Lee, I.

    2016-06-01

    The United Nations (UN) has performed field operations worldwide such as peacekeeping or rescue missions. When such an operation is needed, the UN dispatches an operation team usually with a GIS (Geographic Information System) customized to a specific operation. The base maps for the GIS are generated mostly with satellite images which may not retain a high resolution and the current situation. To build an up-to-date high resolution map, we propose a UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle) based automatic mapping system, which can operate in a fully automatic way from the data acquisition of sensory data to the data processing for the generation of the geospatial products such as a mosaicked orthoimage of a target area. In this study, we analyse the requirements for UN field operations, suggest a UAV mapping system with an operation scenario, and investigate the applicability of the system. With the proposed system, we can construct a tailored GIS with up-to-date and high resolution base maps for a specific operation efficiently.

  1. Lessons learned from operating experience, maintenance procedures and training measures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Training programmes for nuclear facility personnel as a result of the developing phase of SAT have to be approved in the subsequent implementation and evaluation phases with the consequence of several feedback activities in the whole training process. The effectiveness of this procedure has to be evaluated especially with respect to an improvement of safety culture, shorter outage times or better plant performance, resulting in a smaller number of incidents due to human failures. The first two arguments are directly connected with all types of maintenance work in a nuclear power plant and the related preparatory training measures. The reduction of incidents due to human failures is the result of different influences, i.e. training of the operational as well as of the maintenance personnel together with changes of the operating procedures or system design. Though an evaluation of the training process should always be based on a clear definition of criteria by which the fulfilment of the learning objectives can be measured directly, the real effectiveness of training is proven by the behaviour and attitude of the personnel which can only be taken from indirect indicators. This is discussed in more detail for some examples being partly related to the above mentioned arguments. An excellent plant performance, representing a general objective of all activities, can be analysed by the changed number and reasons of incidents in a plant during its operation time. Two further examples are taken from the reactor service field where there is a tendency to reduce the individual dose rates by changed devices and/or procedures as an output from training experience with mockups. Finally the rationalisation of refresher training for operational personnel by the use of interactive teaching programs (Computer Based Training - CBT) is presented which integrate learning objectives together with a test module. (author)

  2. The Brittleness of Unbundled Train Systems: Crumbling Operational Coping Strategies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Steenhuisen, B.M.; De Bruijne, M.L.C.

    2009-01-01

    This paper reports on the current status of the restructured Dutch rail sector. We empirically studied the strategies traffic controllers display to cope with daily value-conflicts in rail operations, at infrastructure manager ProRail and train operating company NS. We use a new framework to identif

  3. Training and qualification of reactor operating personnel in Indonesia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: For operating nuclear reactor is needed reactor personnel. Nuclear installation operating organization should ensure that reactor personnel in charge have fulfilled the requirement to operate nuclear reactor. The personnel who operates or supervise the process of reactor operation or personnel who concern directly related safety should have license. Any employee who operates a nuclear reactor and any special employee in other nuclear installation and in the installations that use ionising radiation sources shall possess a license. This working license is issued by Nuclear Energy Control Board - Bapeten in accordance with the Act No. 10 year 1997 on Nuclear Energy in article 19 clause. To implement the Act Bo. 10/1997 especially relating to the personnel who operates a nuclear reactor in Indonesia has enacted the guidance which is required by operator/supervisor to fulfil the requirement for receiving license to nuclear installation and ionization radiation utilization installation in decree of Bapeten Chairman No. 17/Ka-Bapeten/IX-99. For proving his qualification, the operator/supervisor should take the training and testing/examination. The Decree of Bapeten Chairman No. 04P/Ka-Bapeten/I-03 can be concluded that reactor personnel should follows training and qualification is arranged by accredited training course organization. After passing the training course, he can flow the examination which is arranged by Bapeten to receive the working license issued by Bapeten suitable his profession. This paper discuss about the provision in guidance of training and qualification of reactor operation personnel and the requirement of the exam participant for receiving of working license of nuclear installation in Indonesia. (author)

  4. Resonant breathing biofeedback training for stress reduction among manufacturing operators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutarto, Auditya Purwandini; Wahab, Muhammad Nubli Abdul; Zin, Nora Mat

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the effect of resonant breathing biofeedback training for reducing stress among manufacturing operators. Resonant breathing biofeedback works by teaching people to recognize their involuntary heart rate variability and to control patterns of this physiological response. Thirty-six female operators from an electronic manufacturing factory were randomly assigned as the experimental group (n = 19) and the control group (n = 17). The participants of the intervention received 5 weekly sessions of biofeedback training. Physiological stress profiles and self-perceived depression, anxiety, and stress scale (DASS) were assessed at pre- and post-intervention. Results indicated that depression, anxiety, and stress significantly decreased after the training in the experimental group; they were supported by a significant increase in physiological measures. Overall, these results support the potential application of resonant biofeedback training to reduce negative emotional symptoms among industrial workers. PMID:23294659

  5. Regulator's view on today's licensed operator training programs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors see new and complex challenges for trainers and their managers as nuclear plants strive to improve their licensed operator training programs. As more trainers attempt to apply the Systems Approach to Training (SAT) principles, the lack of available human resources experienced in the application of this process limits its effectiveness. Also, the SAT method does not resolve the needs to know versus the nice to know debate. More use of replica, full scope simulators for training and testing demands a unique type of trainer who is both technically strong, and knowledgeable in simulator testing techniques

  6. Surrogate spike train generation through dithering in operational time

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    george L Gerstein

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Detecting the excess of spike synchrony and testing its significance can not be done analytically in many types of spike trains and relies on adequate surrogate methods. The main challenge for these methods is to conserve certain features of the spike trains, the two most important being the firing rate and the inter-spike interval statistics. In this study we make use of operational time to introduce generalizations to spike dithering and propose two novel surrogate methods which conserve both features with high accuracy. Compared to earlier approaches, the methods show an improved robustness in detecting excess synchrony between spike trains.

  7. Simulation in training for nuclear power plant operators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The need for simulation in nuclear operator training is reviewed, and the use of simulators is justified on a number of criteria. The role of simulators is discussed against the background of training media that are or could be used. The question of the degree of realism or fidelity of simulation is tackled, with comparisons being made between views from the industry and views from the area of instructional technology. Training research in the general area of process control is outlined and emphasis is placed on the importance of instructional control. Finally, some future directions for study are sketched. (author)

  8. Training cows to approach the milking unit in response to acoustic signals in an automatic milking system during the grazing season

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wredle, E.; Munksgaard, Lene; Sporndly, E.

    2006-01-01

    connected to the automatic milking system. The cows were trained indoors using an operant conditioning technique. All cows had 12 training sessions with 7–12 signals given at variable intervals. An evaluation period followed the training period. During evaluation, the trained cows received an individual...... signal than after a control period with no signal (P < 0.05). There was a greater probability for the cows to respond to the signal if they were indoors (P < 0.05). The average milking interval for cows trained and evaluated in early season was 8.2 ± 0.44 h (±S.E.M.). The interval for a reference group...... (with no signal) in early season was 9.7 ± 0.18 h (P < 0.05). The intervals were 8.7 ± 0.56 h and 9.0 ± 0.20 h for the five cows trained in late season and a reference group (with no signal), respectively. During the evaluation in a full herd situation, the response ranged between 15 and 75% for...

  9. Design and operation of a virtual reality operator-training system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okapuu-von Veh, A.; Malowany, A.; Shaikh, A. [McGill Univ., Montreal, Quebec (Canada). Dept. of Electrical Engineering; Marceau, R.J.; Desbiens, P.; Daigle, A.; Rizzi, J.C. [Ecole Polytechnique, Montreal, Quebec (Canada). Dept. de Genie Electrique et Informatique; Garant, E.; Gauthier, R. [Hydro-Quebec, Montreal, Quebec (Canada)

    1996-08-01

    The risks to equipment and personnel associated with the manual operation of switching station equipment demand rigorous personnel instruction. Additionally, switching errors reduce customer service quality. With the virtual reality operator-training simulator ESOPE-VR, trainees can practice all necessary switching operations in complete safety, while maintaining a high degree of realism. A speech-recognition system allows for complete control of the training session by the operator trainee, while sound immersion adds a dimension of realism to the virtual world. An expert-system validates the trainee`s operations at all stages of the process and provides verbal context-sensitive advice whenever errors are made. A steady-state power-flow simulator recalculates network variables whenever operator actions lead to changes in topology. The automated conversion of station single-line diagrams to realistic three-dimensional models permits an operator to be trained economically for a larger number of stations.

  10. Spaceflight Systems Training: A Comparison and Contrasting of Techniques for Training Ground Operators and Onboard Crewmembers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balmain, Clinton; Fleming, Mark

    2009-01-01

    When developing techniques and products for instruction on manned spaceflight systems, training organizations are often faced with two very different customers: ground operators and onboard crewmembers. Frequently, instructional development focuses on one of these customers with the assumption that the other s needs will be met by default. Experience teaches us that differing approaches are required when developing training tailored to the specific needs of each customer. As a rule, ground operators require focused instruction on specific areas of expertise. Their knowledge should be of the details of the hardware, software, and operational techniques associated with that system. They often benefit from historical knowledge of how their system has operated over its lifetime. Since several different ground operators may be interfacing with the same system, each individual operator must understand the agreed-to principles by which that system will be run. In contrast, onboard crewmembers require a more broad, hands-on awareness of their operational environment. Their training should be developed with an understanding of the physical environment in which they live and work and the day-to-day tasks they are most likely to perform. Rarely do they require a deep understanding of the details of a system; it is often sufficient to teach them just enough to maintain situational awareness and perform basic tasks associated with maintenance and operation of onboard systems. Crewmembers may also develop unique onboard operational techniques that differ from preceding crews. They should be taught what flexibility they have in systems operations and how their specific habits can be communicated to ground support personnel. This paper will explore the techniques that can be employed when developing training for these unique customers. We will explore the history of International Space Station training development and how past efforts can guide us in creating training for users of

  11. NET-ZERO ENERGY BUILDING OPERATOR TRAINING PROGRAM (NZEBOT)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brizendine, Anthony; Byars, Nan; Sleiti, Ahmad; Gehrig, Bruce; Lu, Na

    2012-12-31

    The primary objective of the Net-Zero Energy Building Operator Training Program (NZEBOT) was to develop certificate level training programs for commercial building owners, managers and operators, principally in the areas of energy / sustainability management. The expected outcome of the project was a multi-faceted mechanism for developing the skill-based competency of building operators, owners, architects/engineers, construction professionals, tenants, brokers and other interested groups in energy efficient building technologies and best practices. The training program draws heavily on DOE supported and developed materials available in the existing literature, as well as existing, modified, and newly developed curricula from the Department of Engineering Technology & Construction Management (ETCM) at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte (UNC-Charlotte). The project goal is to develop a certificate level training curriculum for commercial energy and sustainability managers and building operators that: 1) Increases the skill-based competency of building professionals in energy efficient building technologies and best practices, and 2) Increases the workforce pool of expertise in energy management and conservation techniques. The curriculum developed in this project can subsequently be used to establish a sustainable energy training program that can contribute to the creation of new “green” job opportunities in North Carolina and throughout the Southeast region, and workforce training that leads to overall reductions in commercial building energy consumption. Three energy training / education programs were developed to achieve the stated goal, namely: 1. Building Energy/Sustainability Management (BESM) Certificate Program for Building Managers and Operators (40 hours); 2. Energy Efficient Building Technologies (EEBT) Certificate Program (16 hours); and 3. Energy Efficent Buildings (EEB) Seminar (4 hours). Training Program 1 incorporates the following

  12. Application of digital process controller for automatic pulse operation in the NSRR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The NSRR at JAERI is a modified TRIGA Reactor. It was built for investigating reactor fuel behavior under reactivity initiated accident (RIA) conditions. Recently, there has been a need to improve the flexibility of pulsing operations in the NSRR to cover a wide range of accidental situations, including RIA events at elevated power levels, and various abnormal power transients. To satisfy this need, we developed a new reactor control system which allows us to perform 'Shaped Pulse Operation: SP' and 'Combined Pulse Operation: CP'. Quick, accurate and complicated manipulation of control rods was required to realize these operations. Therefore we installed a new reactor control system, which we call an automatic pulse control system. This control system is composed of digital processing controllers and other digital equipments, and is fully automated and highly accurate. (author)

  13. Automating the training development process for mission flight operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Carol J.

    1994-01-01

    Traditional methods of developing training do not effectively support the changing needs of operational users in a multimission environment. The Automated Training Development System (ATDS) provides advantages over conventional methods in quality, quantity, turnaround, database maintenance, and focus on individualized instruction. The Operations System Training Group at the JPL performed a six-month study to assess the potential of ATDS to automate curriculum development and to generate and maintain course materials. To begin the study, the group acquired readily available hardware and participated in a two-week training session to introduce the process. ATDS is a building activity that combines training's traditional information-gathering with a hierarchical method for interleaving the elements. The program can be described fairly simply. A comprehensive list of candidate tasks determines the content of the database; from that database, selected critical tasks dictate which competencies of skill and knowledge to include in course material for the target audience. The training developer adds pertinent planning information about each task to the database, then ATDS generates a tailored set of instructional material, based on the specific set of selection criteria. Course material consistently leads students to a prescribed level of competency.

  14. Development of and experience with automatically operated ultrasonic wall thickness gauging for periodic inspection of heat exchanger tube bundles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The demand for an accurate inservice inspection method for ferritic LMFBR steam generator tube bundles resulted in a fast and automatic operating system based upon ultrasonics, which appears suitable for nearly all kinds of heat exchangers. (author)

  15. Improving inspection reliability through operator selection and training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A number of years ago the UK's Health and Safety Executive sponsored a series of three PANI projects investigating the application of manual ultrasonics, which endeavoured to establish the necessary steps that ensure a reliable inspection is performed. The results of the three projects were each reported separately on completion and also presented at number of international conferences. This paper summarises the results of these projects from the point of view of operator performance. The correlation of operator ultrasonic performance with results of aptitude tests is presented along with observations on the impact of training and qualifications of the operators. The results lead to conclusions on how the selection and training of operators could be modified to improve reliability of inspections.

  16. Atlantic Richfield Hanford Company, chemical operator training program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Formal training and testing of Chemical Operators at Hanford were initiated as part of a negotiated union settlement in 1966. The training and testing program was developed in two parts. The first covered subjects of a general nature and was applicable to an operator's duties no matter what the assignment. Part II was more specifically oriented to the presently assigned work area. Renewed interest in retraining and requalification of all chemical operators was taken in 1971. This evolved from a Company concern that a program be developed to assure the fact that operators were qualified to do their assigned jobs, and an Atomic Energy Commission request for an outline of a retraining and requalification program for chemical operators. Building upon the experience gained in the LNCO (Lead Nuclear Chemical Operator) program, the two-part format is retained. The use of video tapes is used to complement the manuals. A small studio for in-house production of the video tapes is available to the training Specialists. A script is developed from a training manual by condensing the information into 20-minute presentations. A prime objective of each tape is to highlight the safety and control aspects that accompany operator responsibilities in each of these areas. Testing is also handled on a two-part basis; one test covers the fundamentals and a separate test is designed for each of the plant subjects. A walk-through examination is also performed for the plant portion. Operators are required to be requalified on emergency procedures on an annual basis and at two-year intervals in the other areas

  17. Task 5: role of simulators in operator training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of the report is to present an analysis of the role of simulators in the training of nuclear power plant operators, from a human factors point of view. Task 5, and this report, consist of the following main parts: 'Current practices in operator training with simulators' (its objective was to identify the role of simulators in the operator training programs, from a human factors point of view, in OECD countries; the information requested was oriented towards the techniques and criteria used for establishing and evaluating that role in the different countries). 'Experiences or studies on specific issues' (its objective was to discuss in-depth some of the issues more difficult or not completely solved yet, with the aim to draw lessons learned and current practices which are used to avoid incidents originated by operator errors due to inadequate training; the selected issues were: Teamwork, Diagnosis and Decision-Making, Stress, and Simulator Fidelity, Issues and Concerns). 'Conclusions and recommendations' (its objective was to gather, present and sum up the conclusions and recommendations reached all over the contributions reported by the ETF-HF members and during the discussions held at the ETF-HF meetings)

  18. Upgrade of the Hunterston B AGR operator training simulator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear power plant simulators provide a vital tool in the training of operational staff in the statutory procedures and operational requirements of the nuclear industry. Scottish Nuclear, and its predecessor the South of Scotland Electricity Board, recognised the value such facilities offered to safety and efficiency and commissioned the construction of the Hunterston Operator Training Simulator as early as 1980. The simulator is a full scope, total plant, and real time system, with a complete 'as plant' replication of the operator interface, together with extensive instructor and tutorial facilities. Its uses have extended beyond the operator training role into plant engineering post incident analysis, evolving to be an essential feature of the station as a whole. Operation of the simulator for the foreseeable life of the station was the main driving force behind the current simulator update project, and whilst the need to move to a new computing platform, avoiding impending obsolescence problems, was the prime reason, the retention of 17 years of software development was seen as a valuable legacy to preserve. This paper discusses the main criteria considered during the simulator upgrade programme, highlighting the main technical issues and risks involved. (author)

  19. Simulation and operation of the EBR-2 automatic control rod drive system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehto, W. K.; Larson, H. A.; Dean, E. M.; Christensen, L. J.

    An automatic control rod drive system (ACRDS) installed at EBR-II produces shaped power transients from 40% to full reactor power at a linear ramp rate of 4 MWt/s. A digital computer and modified control rod drive provides this capability. Simulation and analysis of ACRDS experiments establish the safety envelope for reactor transient operation. Tailored transients are required as part of USDOE operational reliability testing program for prototypic fast reactor fuel cladding breach behavior studies. After initial EBR-II driver fuel testing and system checkout, test subassemblies were subjected to both slow and fast transients. In addition, the ACRDS is used for steady state operation and will be qualified to control power ascent from initial critical to full power.

  20. Design and construction of automatic operating system of double chamber plasma nitriding device PLC based

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The automatic operating system of double chamber plasma nitriding device has been done. The system is used for operating double chamber plasma nitriding automatically as according to the standard operating procedure by pressing push button on the human machine interface (HMI). The system consists of hardware and software. The hardware was constructed using main components T100MD1616+ PLC module and supported by temperature signal conditioner module, Wheatstone bridge module, isolated amplifier module and EMS 30A H Bridge motor driver module. A software program that is planted on T100MD1616+ PLC using ladder diagrams and Tbasic program. Test system functions performed by inserting a set values of temperature and pressure by pressing the button on the human machine interface (HMI). The test results show that the temperature control with a set of values 100 °C obtained stable coverage of 98 °C to 102 °C, (Δ ± 2 °C) with a 2% tolerance and the output voltage of the DAC is 2.436 volts to 2.913 volts. The pressure control with a set of values 2.169 x 10-1 mbar obtained stable coverage of 1.995 x 10-1 mbar to 2.205 x 10-1 mbar, (Δ ± 0.105 x 10-1 mbar) with a 5% tol. (author)

  1. Automatic braking system modification for the Advanced Transport Operating Systems (ATOPS) Transportation Systems Research Vehicle (TSRV)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coogan, J. J.

    1986-01-01

    Modifications were designed for the B-737-100 Research Aircraft autobrake system hardware of the Advanced Transport Operating Systems (ATOPS) Program at Langley Research Center. These modifications will allow the on-board flight control computer to control the aircraft deceleration after landing to a continuously variable level for the purpose of executing automatic high speed turn-offs from the runway. A bread board version of the proposed modifications was built and tested in simulated stopping conditions. Test results, for various aircraft weights, turnoff speed, winds, and runway conditions show that the turnoff speeds are achieved generally with errors less than 1 ft/sec.

  2. Operation logic and functionality of automatic dose rate and image quality control of conventional fluoroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    New generation of fluoroscopic imaging systems is equipped with spectral shaping filters complemented with sophisticated automatic dose rate and image quality control logic called ''fluoroscopy curve'' or ''trajectory''. Such fluoroscopy curves were implemented first on cardiovascular angiographic imaging systems and are now available on conventional fluoroscopy equipment. This study aims to investigate the control logic operations under the fluoroscopy mode and acquisition mode (equivalent to the legacy spot filming) of a conventional fluoroscopy system typically installed for upper-lower gastrointestinal examinations, interventional endoscopy laboratories, gastrointestinal laboratory, and pain clinics.

  3. An Ensemble-Based Training Data Refinement for Automatic Crop Discrimination Using WorldView-2 Imagery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chellasamy, Menaka; Ferre, Ty Paul; Greve, Mogens Humlekrog

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a new approach for refining and selecting training data for satellite imagery-based crop discrimination. The goal of this approach is to automate the pixel-based “multievidence crop classification approach,” proposed by the authors in their previous research. The present study...... is used to feed this classification approach with automatically selected training samples based on available vector data (agricultural parcels representing crop boundaries with crop codes). The vector data are created by farmers to support subsidy claims and are, therefore, prone to errors such as...... boundary digitization mismatch and mislabeling of crop codes. The proposed approach, ensemble-based cluster refinement approach (ECRA), refines the declared crop clusters in an iterative training-classification scheme and provides potential training samples that give correct class descriptions. ECRA...

  4. Ways to improvements in nuclear plant operators' training and assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Some results and findings of the research project of the Ministry of Industry and Trade No. 2A-3TP1/144 'Research into management tools and methods for increasing the reliability of the human factors in the operation of nuclear power plants', addressed in collaboration with the Nuclear Research Institute, are presented. The article highlights the gaps in the training of nuclear power plant control room operators in the field of the purely human aspects of the work of operators, reactor unit managers, shift engineers and shift masters, such as mutual communication, management of briefings/debriefings, joint decision making, expression of one's own perception of a situation, warning of impending danger, and so on (Non-Technical Skills, or Crew Resource Management (CRM)). Some important suggestions for the development and implementation of training and assessment of the latest generation of CRM in the nuclear power industry are put forward. (orig.)

  5. Human Resources Training Requirement on NPP Operation and Maintenance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper discussed the human resources requirement on Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) operation and maintenance (O&M) phase related with the training required for O&M personnel. In addition, this paper also briefly discussed the availability of training facilities domestically include with some suggestion to develop the training facilities intended for the near future time in Indonesia. This paper was developed under the assumptions that Indonesia will build twin unit of NPP with capacity 1000 MWe for each using the turnkey contract method. The total of NPP O&M personnel were predicted about 692 peoples which consists of 42 personnel located in the head quarter and the rest 650 people work at NPP site. Up until now, Indonesia had the experience on operating and maintaining the nonnuclear power plant and several research reactors namely Kartini Reactor Yogyakarta, Triga Mark II Reactor Bandung, and GA Siwabessy Reactor Serpong. Beside that, experience on operating and maintaining the NPP in other countries would act as one of the reference to Indonesia in formulating an appropriate strategy to develop NPP human resources particularly in O&M phases. Education and training development program could be done trough the cooperation with vendor candidates. (author)

  6. Automatic, Rapid Replanning of Satellite Operations for Space Situational Awareness (SSA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stottler, D.; Mahan, K.

    An important component of Space Situational Awareness (SSA) is knowledge of the status and tasking of blue forces (e.g. satellites and ground stations) and the rapid determination of the impacts of real or hypothetical changes and the ability to quickly replan based on those changes. For example, if an antenna goes down (either for benign reasons or from purposeful interference) determining which missions will be impacted is important. It is not simply the set of missions that were scheduled to utilize that antenna, because highly expert human schedulers will respond to the outage by intelligently replanning the real-time schedule. We have developed an automatic scheduling and deconfliction engine, called MIDAS (for Managed Intelligent Deconfliction And Scheduling) that interfaces to the current legacy system (ESD 2.7) which can perform this replanning function automatically. In addition to determining the impact of failed resources, MIDAS can also replan in response to a satellite under attack. In this situation, additional supports must be quickly scheduled and executed (while minimizing impacts to other missions). Because MIDAS is a fully automatic system, replacing a current human labor-intensive process, and provides very rapid turnaround (seconds) it can also be used by commanders to consider what-if questions and focus limited protection resources on the most critical resources. For example, the commander can determine the impact of a successful attack on one of two ground stations and place heavier emphasis on protecting the station whose loss would create the most severe impacts. The system is currently transitioning to operational use. The MIDAS system and its interface to the legacy ESD 2.7 system will be described along with the ConOps for different types of detailed operational scenarios.

  7. Influence of operation incidents on the french training programme

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The French Electricity Producer (EDF) and the Safety Authorities have developed, each of his own, a procedure for analysing the operating incidents. One of the major lessons of their analysis was the importance of incidents due to human error and, among them, to deficiences in the training of the operators. It is, in consequence, particularly important to improve the quality of these programmes and one of the major concerns is how to take into account the lessons of operation experience. Our purpose is aimed at describing how this is now done

  8. Ergonomics design and operator training as contributors to human reliability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The safe operation of nuclear reactors depends not only on good physical safety engineering but on the human operators as well. The Central Electricity Generating Board's approach to human reliability includes the following aspects: ergonomics design (task analysis and the development of man-machine interfaces), analysis of human reliability, operational feedback, staff training and assessment, maintenance management, research programmes and management. This paper describes how these combine to achieve the highest practicable level of human reliability, not only for the Sizewell-B pressurized water reactor, but also for the Board's gas-cooled reactors. Examples are used to illustrate the topics considered. (UK)

  9. Operation and routine maintenance of the automatic monitor for hexavalent chromium in Columbia River water

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alton, D.W.

    1969-01-20

    A Technicon Autoanalyzer for hexavalent chromium has been installed at the Automatic Columbia River Monitoring Station located along the west bank of the Columbia River. The sample water is delivered to the building by a deep well jet pump for continuous monitoring for gross gamma, {sup 131}I, hexavalent chromium, and for emergency water samples. An alarm system indicates unusually high activity levels. The unit was installed to detect hexavalent chromium which reaches the river as a result of cooling water treatment for the production reactors upstream, and via groundwater as a result of waste disposal practices at the 300 Area. The detection of the Cr{sup +6} ion is based upon its reaction with diphenylcarbazide to produce a reddish-violet color in slightly acid solutions. The degree of color is indicated by light absorption in the calorimeter which is plotted on the recorder and is directly related to the concentration of hexavalent chromium in the river water. Although designed to operate continuously and automatically, routine inspection is required to assure proper functioning of all components and to perform the required maintenance and pick up of recorded data. The following data is to provide general information relevant to the operation and maintenance of the system.

  10. Quasi in situ scanning force microscope with an automatic operated reaction chamber.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hund, Markus; Olszowka, Violetta; Fischer, Franz; Krejtschi, Heinz

    2011-11-01

    We describe the design and performance of a quasi in situ scanning force microscope with an automatic operated reaction chamber. The design provides a repetitive hermetically sealed sample environment for successive processing. The reaction chamber is based on a combination of a flexure-guided cover, a piezo-positioning system and a force applicator system. An axial force seals the cover against the reactor enabling flow-through applications at low pressure, ambient pressure, or elevated pressure. The position stability of the sample relative to the probe is characterized and a full automated operation of the instrument is explored by the alignment of an ABC terblock copolymer thin film undergoing solvent vapor annealing in the presence of a high electric field. Due to the high electric field strength and the sharp scanning force microscope tip it is impossible to perform in situ scanning in the presence of the electric field. PMID:22128986

  11. Nuclear power plant operating personnel training for normal and accident situations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Training system of reactor operating staff in France for maximum safety is discussed. The structure of the training program consists of three levels, initial training in each aspect of operations job functions, with systematic refresher training sessions; the principles at global team skills; the range of skills required for unit operation. (N.T.). 1 fig

  12. Algorithm of Dynamic Operation Process of Hydraulic Automatically Operated Canals with Constant-Downstream Level Gates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Li-wei; FENG Xiao-bo; WANG Chang-de

    2005-01-01

    On the basis of analysis the governing process of downstream water level gates AVIO and AVIS, a mathematical model for simulation of dynamic operation process of hydraulically automated irrigation canals installed with AVIO and AVIS gates is presented. the main point of this mathematical model is firstly applying a set of unsteady flow equations (St. Venant equations here) and treating the condition of gate movement as its dynamic boundary, and then decoupling this interaction of gate movement with the change of canal flow. In this process, it is necessary to give the gates' open-loop transfer function whose input is water level deviation and output is gate discharge. The result of this simulation for a practical reach has shown it has satisfactory accuracy.

  13. Purpose and benefit of control system training for operators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The complexity of accelerators is ever increasing and today it is typical that a large number of feedback loops are implemented, based on sophisticated models which describe the underlying physics. Despite this increased complexity the machine operators must still effectively monitor and supervise the desired behavior of the accelerator. This is not alone sufficient; additionally, the correct operation of the control system must also be verified. This is not always easy since the structure, design, and performance of the control system is usually not visualized and is often hidden to the operator. To better deal with this situation operators need some knowledge of the control system in order to react properly in the case of problems. In fact operators need mental models of the control system to recognize fault states and react appropriate to errors and misbehavior of both, the accelerator and the control system itself. Mental models gained only on infrequent experience can be imprecise or plain wrong in worst case. Control system training can provide a foundation to build better mental models and therefore help to enhance operator responses and machine availability. For a refinement of the mental model repeated experience is needed. This can be provided by training sessions at the real accelerator

  14. Generating realistic environments for cyber operations development, testing, and training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berk, Vincent H.; Gregorio-de Souza, Ian; Murphy, John P.

    2012-06-01

    Training eective cyber operatives requires realistic network environments that incorporate the structural and social complexities representative of the real world. Network trac generators facilitate repeatable experiments for the development, training and testing of cyber operations. However, current network trac generators, ranging from simple load testers to complex frameworks, fail to capture the realism inherent in actual environments. In order to improve the realism of network trac generated by these systems, it is necessary to quantitatively measure the level of realism in generated trac with respect to the environment being mimicked. We categorize realism measures into statistical, content, and behavioral measurements, and propose various metrics that can be applied at each level to indicate how eectively the generated trac mimics the real world.

  15. Computer simulator for training operators of thermal cameras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chrzanowski, Krzysztof; Krupski, Marcin

    2004-08-01

    A PC-based image generator SIMTERM developed for training operators of non-airborne military thermal imaging systems is presented in this paper. SIMTERM allows its users to generate images closely resembling thermal images of many military type targets at different scenarios obtained with the simulated thermal camera. High fidelity of simulation was achieved due to use of measurable parameters of thermal camera as input data. Two modified versions of this computer simulator developed for designers and test teams are presented, too.

  16. An intelligent tool for the training of nuclear plant operators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A new type of pedagogical tool has been developped for the training of nuclear power plant operation. This tool combines simulation and expert system. The first process developped is about Steam Generator Tube Rupture (S.G.T.R.). All nuclear power plants will be equiped with this system in 1989 and 1990. After this first experiment, others processes will be developped for this tool

  17. HIPAA-compliant automatic monitoring system for RIS-integrated PACS operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Jin; Zhang, Jianguo; Chen, Xiaomeng; Sun, Jianyong; Yang, Yuanyuan; Liang, Chenwen; Feng, Jie; Sheng, Liwei; Huang, H. K.

    2006-03-01

    As a governmental regulation, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) was issued to protect the privacy of health information that identifies individuals who are living or deceased. HIPAA requires security services supporting implementation features: Access control; Audit controls; Authorization control; Data authentication; and Entity authentication. These controls, which proposed in HIPAA Security Standards, are Audit trails here. Audit trails can be used for surveillance purposes, to detect when interesting events might be happening that warrant further investigation. Or they can be used forensically, after the detection of a security breach, to determine what went wrong and who or what was at fault. In order to provide security control services and to achieve the high and continuous availability, we design the HIPAA-Compliant Automatic Monitoring System for RIS-Integrated PACS operation. The system consists of two parts: monitoring agents running in each PACS component computer and a Monitor Server running in a remote computer. Monitoring agents are deployed on all computer nodes in RIS-Integrated PACS system to collect the Audit trail messages defined by the Supplement 95 of the DICOM standard: Audit Trail Messages. Then the Monitor Server gathers all audit messages and processes them to provide security information in three levels: system resources, PACS/RIS applications, and users/patients data accessing. Now the RIS-Integrated PACS managers can monitor and control the entire RIS-Integrated PACS operation through web service provided by the Monitor Server. This paper presents the design of a HIPAA-compliant automatic monitoring system for RIS-Integrated PACS Operation, and gives the preliminary results performed by this monitoring system on a clinical RIS-integrated PACS.

  18. Cognitive skill training for nuclear power plant operational decision making

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Training for operator and other technical positions in the commercial nuclear power industry traditionally has focused on mastery of the formal procedures used to control plant systems and processes. However, decisionmaking tasks required of nuclear power plant operators involve cognitive skills (e.g., situation assessment, planning). Cognitive skills are needed in situations where formal procedures may not exist or may not be as prescriptive, as is the case in severe accident management (SAM). The Westinghouse research team investigated the potential cognitive demands of SAM on the control room operators and Technical Support Center staff who would be most involved in the selection and execution of severe accident control actions. A model of decision making, organized around six general cognitive processes, was developed to identify the types of cognitive skills that may be needed for effective performance. Also, twelve SAM scenarios were developed to reveal specific decision-making difficulties. Following the identification of relevant cognitive skills, 19 approaches for training individual and team cognitive skills were identified. A review of these approaches resulted in the identification of general characteristics that are important in effective training of cognitive skills

  19. Cognitive skill training for nuclear power plant operational decision making

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mumaw, R.J.; Swatzler, D.; Roth, E.M. [Westinghouse Electric Corp., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Thomas, W.A. [Quantum Technologies, Inc., Oak Brook, IL (United States)

    1994-06-01

    Training for operator and other technical positions in the commercial nuclear power industry traditionally has focused on mastery of the formal procedures used to control plant systems and processes. However, decisionmaking tasks required of nuclear power plant operators involve cognitive skills (e.g., situation assessment, planning). Cognitive skills are needed in situations where formal procedures may not exist or may not be as prescriptive, as is the case in severe accident management (SAM). The Westinghouse research team investigated the potential cognitive demands of SAM on the control room operators and Technical Support Center staff who would be most involved in the selection and execution of severe accident control actions. A model of decision making, organized around six general cognitive processes, was developed to identify the types of cognitive skills that may be needed for effective performance. Also, twelve SAM scenarios were developed to reveal specific decision-making difficulties. Following the identification of relevant cognitive skills, 19 approaches for training individual and team cognitive skills were identified. A review of these approaches resulted in the identification of general characteristics that are important in effective training of cognitive skills.

  20. Jefferson Lab Accelerator Operations Training and Development Program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The mission of the Jefferson Lab Operations Group is to provide safe and efficient delivery of high quality electron beam for Jefferson Laboratory's nuclear and accelerator physics programs. The Operations staff must be able to setup, transport, maintain, and troubleshoot beam to all three experimental halls in a safe, efficient, and expeditious manner. Due to the nature of shift work, high employee turnover is always as issue. This creates a unique situation where highly trained staff members must quickly be produced and maintained in order to meet the needs of the Laboratory. Some methods used to address this problem will be presented here

  1. Ludwig: A Training Simulator of the Safety Operation of a CANDU Reactor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Boroni

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the application Ludwig designed to train operators of a CANDU Nuclear Power Plant (NPP by means of a computer control panel that simulates the response of the evolution of the physical variables of the plant under normal transients. The model includes a close set of equations representing the principal components of a CANDU NPP plant, a nodalized primary circuit, core, pressurizer, and steam generators. The design of the application was performed using the object-oriented programming paradigm, incorporating an event-driven process to reflect the action of the human operators and the automatic control system. A comprehensive set of online graphical displays are provided giving an in-depth understanding of transient neutronic and thermal hydraulic response of the power plant. The model was validated against data from a real transient occurring in the Argentine NPP Embalse Río Tercero, showing good agreement. However, it should be stressed that the aim of the simulator is in the training of operators and engineering students.

  2. CSNI specialist meeting on operator training and qualifications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The events during the accident at TMI-2, along with others identified in retrospect at other nuclear plants, re-emphasized the critical role of the reactor operator. Many countries are focusing greater attention on the capabilities of control room operating staff and on the problems they face. In view of the importance to safety on the subject, the CSNI Subcommittee on Licensing decided that a specialist meeting should be held on the broad aspects of operator selection and training and the functions and organization of operating staff. The meeting focused on the functions, role and organization of control room personnel as a crew and as individuals; selection and qualifications of personnel; operator training and requalification; evaluation of crew and individual performance; professional and career alternatives for control room personnel; and concepts for the future (e.g., implementation and impact of computer technology, advanced simulator concepts, off-site monitoring and support). Fourteen countries and three international organizations were represented. This report consists of two volumes. Separate abstracts are included for each of the papers presented

  3. Automatic Management Systems for the Operation of the Cryogenic Test Facilities for LHC Series Superconducting Magnets

    CERN Document Server

    Tovar-Gonzalez, A; Herblin, L; Lamboy, J P; Vullierme, B

    2006-01-01

    Prior to their final preparation before installation in the tunnel, the ~1800 series superconducting magnets of the LHC machine shall be entirely tested at reception on modular test facilities. The operation 24 hours per day of the cryogenic test facilities is conducted in turn by 3-operator teams, assisted in real time by the use of the Test Bench Priorities Handling System, a process control application enforcing the optimum use of cryogenic utilities and of the "Tasks Tracking System", a web-based e-traveller application handling 12 parallel 38-task test sequences. This paper describes how such computer-based management systems can be used to optimize operation of concurrent test benches within technical boundary conditions given by the cryogenic capacity, and how they can be used to study the efficiency of the automatic steering of all individual cryogenic sub-systems. Finally, this paper presents the overall performance of the cryomagnet test station for the first complete year of operation at high produ...

  4. Training of operators in the Portuguese Research Reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The Portuguese Research Reactor (RPI) is a pool-type 1 MW reactor designed by AMF Atomics and built during the period of 1959/61. Like in many other small and medium power research reactors, the continuation of its operation depends on four factors: active users, ageing of the installation, availability of fuel and, last but not least, ageing of the operating staff. Back in 1997 the RPI had only four licensed operators, with two of them close to retirement age. A new two-year training course was started in October 1997 with 13 candidates. Funding was granted from the Portuguese Science and Technology Foundation for the duration of the course. The trainees were selected among people with at least 12 years of school (high school diploma) and with technical courses in the areas of chemistry, mechanics or electronics. In addition to standard selection procedures, all candidates were subjected to psychological tests. It was decided from the beginning that the new operators would have a broader training than previously. On one hand the decrease in the number of support technicians has made it necessary for the operators to perform tasks which were not traditionally theirs and required specific training - e.g., preparation of samples to irradiate, maintenance of the control system, control of activity of water samples. On the other hand, the presence of an initially large number of trainees made it necessary to have a large number of well defined chores or guided work for small groups - this led to a 'natural' distribution and rotation of the trainees through all the activities in the reactor, including research activities. The course comprised a 1st semester of class lectures, followed by a written exam. In the 2nd semester there were several facility-walk through to specific systems - e.g. ventilation, control system, followed by specific chores or guided work in the systems. All trainees participated in the annual maintenance, which was longer than usual to

  5. DOE handbook: Guide to good practices for training and qualification of chemical operators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this Handbook is to provide contractor training organizations with information that can be used as a reference to refine existing chemical operator training programs, or develop new training programs where no program exists. This guide, used in conjunction with facility-specific job analyses, will provide a framework for training and qualification programs for chemical operators at DOE reactor and nonreactor facilities. Recommendations for qualification are made in four areas: education, experience, physical attributes, and training. Contents include: initial qualification; administrative training; industrial safety training; specialized skills training; on-the-job training; trainee evaluation; continuing training; training effectiveness evaluation; and program records. Two appendices describe Fundamentals training and Process operations. This handbook covers chemical operators in transportation of fuels and wastes, spent fuel receiving and storage, fuel disassembly, fuel reprocessing, and both liquid and solid low-level waste processing

  6. DOE handbook: Guide to good practices for training and qualification of chemical operators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    The purpose of this Handbook is to provide contractor training organizations with information that can be used as a reference to refine existing chemical operator training programs, or develop new training programs where no program exists. This guide, used in conjunction with facility-specific job analyses, will provide a framework for training and qualification programs for chemical operators at DOE reactor and nonreactor facilities. Recommendations for qualification are made in four areas: education, experience, physical attributes, and training. Contents include: initial qualification; administrative training; industrial safety training; specialized skills training; on-the-job training; trainee evaluation; continuing training; training effectiveness evaluation; and program records. Two appendices describe Fundamentals training and Process operations. This handbook covers chemical operators in transportation of fuels and wastes, spent fuel receiving and storage, fuel disassembly, fuel reprocessing, and both liquid and solid low-level waste processing.

  7. Automatic setting of machine control with physics operation parameters at ASDEX Upgrade

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Performing plasma fusion experiments in a tokamak relies on close cooperation between discharge control (DCS) and machine control (MCS) systems, where the DCS's task is generating and handling the plasma, and the MCS is responsible for providing and configuring the necessary actuators. With a reduced number of experiment cycles per day, in consequence of long pulses or ambitious discharge scenarios, optimal utilization of resources as well as avoiding mismatches between the MCS' and DCS' configurations becomes increasingly important. Setting up the MCS for discharges currently relies on informal communication and requires careful attention of operators and session leaders. To enforce correspondence between MCS and DCS parametrizations, an automatic mediator agent formalizes the pre-shot configuration procedure. Functionality of the mediator and protocols for embedding into the existing system are discussed

  8. Automatic subject classification of textual documents using limited or no training data

    OpenAIRE

    Joorabchi, Arash

    2010-01-01

    With the explosive growth in the number of electronic documents available on the internet, intranets, and digital libraries, there is a growing need for automatic systems capable of indexing and organising such large volumes of data more that ever. Automatic Text Classification (ATC) has become one of the principal means for enhancing the performance of information retrieval systems and organising digital libraries and other textual collections. Within this context, the use of ...

  9. Evaluating the effectiveness of operator education/training program of Fugen

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ATR Fugen determines 'the Operator Education/Training Program' for plant operators to acquire knowledge, technique and skill from the reactor facility, operation and the other nuclear plant technology. This program consists of the On-the-Job Training (OJT), desk education, ETC training, compact simulator FATRAS training, and lectures in external organization. So it provides education/training according to operators' technical level, knowledge, and experience. Fugen is investigating the most suitable training/education based on past training/education experience. (author)

  10. Analysis of electric energy consumption of automatic milking systems in different configurations and operative conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calcante, Aldo; Tangorra, Francesco M; Oberti, Roberto

    2016-05-01

    Automatic milking systems (AMS) have been a revolutionary innovation in dairy cow farming. Currently, more than 10,000 dairy cow farms worldwide use AMS to milk their cows. Electric consumption is one of the most relevant and uncontrollable operational cost of AMS, ranging between 35 and 40% of their total annual operational costs. The aim of the present study was to measure and analyze the electric energy consumption of 4 AMS with different configurations: single box, central unit featuring a central vacuum system for 1 cow unit and for 2 cow units. The electrical consumption (daily consumption, daily consumption per cow milked, consumption per milking, and consumption per 100L of milk) of each AMS (milking unit + air compressor) was measured using 2 energy analyzers. The measurement period lasted 24h with a sampling frequency of 0.2Hz. The daily total energy consumption (milking unit + air compressor) ranged between 45.4 and 81.3 kWh; the consumption per cow milked ranged between 0.59 and 0.99 kWh; the consumption per milking ranged between 0.21 and 0.33 kWh; and the consumption per 100L of milk ranged between 1.80 to 2.44 kWh according to the different configurations and operational contexts considered. Results showed that AMS electric consumption was mainly conditioned by farm management rather than machine characteristics/architectures. PMID:26971145

  11. Performance Analysis of the SIFT Operator for Automatic Feature Extraction and Matching in Photogrammetric Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lingua, Andrea; Marenchino, Davide; Nex, Francesco

    2009-01-01

    In the photogrammetry field, interest in region detectors, which are widely used in Computer Vision, is quickly increasing due to the availability of new techniques. Images acquired by Mobile Mapping Technology, Oblique Photogrammetric Cameras or Unmanned Aerial Vehicles do not observe normal acquisition conditions. Feature extraction and matching techniques, which are traditionally used in photogrammetry, are usually inefficient for these applications as they are unable to provide reliable results under extreme geometrical conditions (convergent taking geometry, strong affine transformations, etc.) and for bad-textured images. A performance analysis of the SIFT technique in aerial and close-range photogrammetric applications is presented in this paper. The goal is to establish the suitability of the SIFT technique for automatic tie point extraction and approximate DSM (Digital Surface Model) generation. First, the performances of the SIFT operator have been compared with those provided by feature extraction and matching techniques used in photogrammetry. All these techniques have been implemented by the authors and validated on aerial and terrestrial images. Moreover, an auto-adaptive version of the SIFT operator has been developed, in order to improve the performances of the SIFT detector in relation to the texture of the images. The Auto-Adaptive SIFT operator (A(2) SIFT) has been validated on several aerial images, with particular attention to large scale aerial images acquired using mini-UAV systems. PMID:22412336

  12. Performance Analysis of the SIFT Operator for Automatic Feature Extraction and Matching in Photogrammetric Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Nex

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available In the photogrammetry field, interest in region detectors, which are widely used in Computer Vision, is quickly increasing due to the availability of new techniques. Images acquired by Mobile Mapping Technology, Oblique Photogrammetric Cameras or Unmanned Aerial Vehicles do not observe normal acquisition conditions. Feature extraction and matching techniques, which are traditionally used in photogrammetry, are usually inefficient for these applications as they are unable to provide reliable results under extreme geometrical conditions (convergent taking geometry, strong affine transformations, etc. and for bad-textured images. A performance analysis of the SIFT technique in aerial and close-range photogrammetric applications is presented in this paper. The goal is to establish the suitability of the SIFT technique for automatic tie point extraction and approximate DSM (Digital Surface Model generation. First, the performances of the SIFT operator have been compared with those provided by feature extraction and matching techniques used in photogrammetry. All these techniques have been implemented by the authors and validated on aerial and terrestrial images. Moreover, an auto-adaptive version of the SIFT operator has been developed, in order to improve the performances of the SIFT detector in relation to the texture of the images. The Auto-Adaptive SIFT operator (A2 SIFT has been validated on several aerial images, with particular attention to large scale aerial images acquired using mini-UAV systems.

  13. Simulation of longitudinal dynamics of a freight train operating through a car dumper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovalev, R.; Sakalo, A.; Yazykov, V.; Shamdani, A.; Bowey, R.; Wakeling, C.

    2016-06-01

    A heavy haul train and car dumper model was created to analyse train longitudinal dynamics during dumping. Influence of such factors as performance curve of draft gears, total free slack in couplers, operating mode of train positioner and braking of last two cars of train on the in-train forces was considered.

  14. Peer-led training in basic life support and resuscitation using an automatic external defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Løfgren, Bo; Petersen, Christina Børlum; Mikkelsen, Ronni;

    2009-01-01

    Peer-led training has been identified as a useful tool for delivering undergraduate healthcare training. In this paper we describe the implementation of the European Resuscitation Council BLS/AED Course as a peer-led training program for medical students....

  15. Evaluation of Methods for Robust, Automatic Detection of Net Tear with Remotely Operated Vehicle and Remote Sensing

    OpenAIRE

    Haugene, Tormod

    2014-01-01

    Accompanying the continuous growth of the aquaculture fish farming industry in the recent years, the usage of Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROV) for regular inspections of net integrity has become increasingly common. For a human ROV operator, routine inspections can be repetitious and time consuming, and improving the regularity and efficiency of these operations are of interest. The aim of this study was therefore be to develop a robust technique for automatic detection of net damage with an ...

  16. A report on training equipment enhancements for the U.S. Special Operations Command

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-04-01

    Training support systems - including devices, simulators and simulations - significantly improve training. Of course this is important for all military units. But for Special Operations Forces, such improvements are critical. Special Operations Forces must be prepared to operate in the most difficult, least forgiving of environments and do it right on the first try. The objective of this project is to report on the latest state-of-the-art training devices and systems which can enhance the training of Special Operations Forces.

  17. NEEMO 20: Science Training, Operations, and Tool Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graff, T.; Miller, M.; Rodriguez-Lanetty, M.; Chappell, S.; Naids, A.; Hood, A.; Coan, D.; Abell, P.; Reagan, M.; Janoiko, B.

    2016-01-01

    The 20th mission of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Extreme Environment Mission Operations (NEEMO) was a highly integrated evaluation of operational protocols and tools designed to enable future exploration beyond low-Earth orbit. NEEMO 20 was conducted from the Aquarius habitat off the coast of Key Largo, FL in July 2015. The habitat and its surroundings provide a convincing analog for space exploration. A crew of six (comprised of astronauts, engineers, and habitat technicians) lived and worked in and around the unique underwater laboratory over a mission duration of 14-days. Incorporated into NEEMO 20 was a diverse Science Team (ST) comprised of geoscientists from the Astromaterials Research and Exploration Science (ARES/XI) Division from the Johnson Space Center (JSC), as well as marine scientists from the Department of Biological Sciences at Florida International University (FIU). This team trained the crew on the science to be conducted, defined sampling techniques and operational procedures, and planned and coordinated the science focused Extra Vehicular Activities (EVAs). The primary science objectives of NEEMO 20 was to study planetary sampling techniques and tools in partial gravity environments under realistic mission communication time delays and operational pressures. To facilitate these objectives two types of science sites were employed 1) geoscience sites with available rocks and regolith for testing sampling procedures and tools and, 2) marine science sites dedicated to specific research focused on assessing the photosynthetic capability of corals and their genetic connectivity between deep and shallow reefs. These marine sites and associated research objectives included deployment of handheld instrumentation, context descriptions, imaging, and sampling; thus acted as a suitable proxy for planetary surface exploration activities. This abstract briefly summarizes the scientific training, scientific operations, and tool

  18. Sequencing Optimization Method for Drawing Train Operation Diagram of High-Speed Railway

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen-liang Zhou

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available It is a very complicated work for optimizing the train operation diagram for railway enterprise. In order to improve the quality and reduce the computing time of train operation diagram, an initial relaxant train operation diagram is drawn ignoring the constraints among different train running lines firstly in this paper. Secondly based on this initial relaxant train operation diagram, through devising the multi-parallelogram and weighted directed graph representation of train operation diagram, the train operation diagram is optimized via the directed graph by the strategies such as exchanging operation order, increasing dwell time and expanding departure time, and then the sequencing optimization method is designed for drawing train operation diagram using computer, which aim to minimize the total passenger train travel time under the constraints of train arriving-departing interval time, train minimum dwell time, train travel time, train departure time and comprehensive maintenance time. A numerical example is given to show that this sequencing optimization method can effectively draw the passenger train operation diagram of high-speed railway.

  19. Systems for training and supporting the level of unit operator's skill

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Power unit operator's activity and the flowsheets of his contacts are considered. Different systems of personnel training: standard, conceptional and two-stage complex system of education and training are analyzed. The necessity to organize training centers including the full-scale trainer, the monitoring system of current phsicho-physiological operator's characteristics and the monitoring system of operator errors are proved

  20. Operation characteristics and conditions of training reactor VR-1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The first 3 years of operation of the VR-1 training reactor are reviewed. This period includes its physical start-up (preparation, implementation, results) and operation development as far as the current operating configuration of the reactor core. The physical start-up was commenced using a reactor core referred to as AZ A1, whose physical parameters had been verified by calculation and whose configuration was based on data tested experimentally on the SR-0 reactor at Vochov. The next operating core, labelled AZ A2, was already prepared during the test operation of the VR-1 reactor. Its configuration was such that both of the main horizontal channels, radial and tangential, could be employed. The configuration that followed, AZ A3, was an intermediate step before testing the graphite side reflector. The current reactor core, labelled AZ A3 G, was obtained by supplementing the previous core with a one-sided graphite side reflector. (Z.S.). 2 tabs., 11 figs., 2 refs

  1. Intelligent Multisensor Prodder for Training Operators in Humanitarian Demining.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández, Roemi; Montes, Héctor; Armada, Manuel

    2016-01-01

    Manual prodding is still one of the most utilized procedures for identifying buried landmines during humanitarian demining activities. However, due to the high number of accidents reported during its practice, it is considered an outmoded and risky procedure and there is a general consensus about the need of introducing upgrades for enhancing the safety of human operators. With the aim of contributing to reduce the number of demining accidents, this paper presents an intelligent multisensory system for training operators in the use of prodders. The proposed tool is able to provide to deminers useful information in two critical issues: (a) the amount of force exerted on the target and if it is greater than the safe limit and, (b) to alert them when the angle of insertion of the prodder is approaching or exceeding a certain dangerous limit. Results of preliminary tests show the feasibility and reliability of the proposed design and highlight the potential benefits of the tool. PMID:27347963

  2. Intelligent Multisensor Prodder for Training Operators in Humanitarian Demining

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roemi Fernández

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Manual prodding is still one of the most utilized procedures for identifying buried landmines during humanitarian demining activities. However, due to the high number of accidents reported during its practice, it is considered an outmoded and risky procedure and there is a general consensus about the need of introducing upgrades for enhancing the safety of human operators. With the aim of contributing to reduce the number of demining accidents, this paper presents an intelligent multisensory system for training operators in the use of prodders. The proposed tool is able to provide to deminers useful information in two critical issues: (a the amount of force exerted on the target and if it is greater than the safe limit and, (b to alert them when the angle of insertion of the prodder is approaching or exceeding a certain dangerous limit. Results of preliminary tests show the feasibility and reliability of the proposed design and highlight the potential benefits of the tool.

  3. Developing and Evaluating an Oral Skills Training Website Supported by Automatic Speech Recognition Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Howard Hao-Jan

    2011-01-01

    Oral communication ability has become increasingly important to many EFL students. Several commercial software programs based on automatic speech recognition (ASR) technologies are available but their prices are not affordable for many students. This paper will demonstrate how the Microsoft Speech Application Software Development Kit (SASDK), a…

  4. Training of tissue bank operators in Asia Pacific region

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To raise quality standards of Tissue Bank in Asia Pacific Region and to meet training needs of tissue bank operators. Singapore (NUH Tissue Bank) was officially appointed by IAEA on 18 September 1996 in Vienna to be the IAEA/NUS Regional Training Centre for RCA (Regional Co-operative Agreement). Member of States including Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Korea, Malaysia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Philippines, Thailand, Sri Lanka and Vietnam. The Singapore Ministry of Environment gave a grant of $225,500 for setting up of this centre with National Science and Technology Board as funding agency, $100,000 being allocated for production of IAEA Developed Curriculum into Multi-Media. (authors being National Project Co-ordinators, Directors of Tissue Banks in the region). The Modules included Guide to Curriculum, Historical Background (0), Rules and Regulation (1), Organisation (2), Quality Assurance (3), Procurement (4), Processing (5), Distribution and Utilisation (6) and Future Developments (7). The Distance Learning Package included case studies from the region in text, in slides and videotapes. A new purpose-built NUH Tissue Bank with separate Wet and Dry Processing laboratories equipped with hands-on facilities was completed in July 1997. This was inaugurated as; IAEA/NUS Regional Training Centre for RCA; IAEA/NUS Interregional Training Centre; and NUS Diploma Course on Tissue Banking also launched by Deputy vice-chancellor, NUS, in conjunction with the IAEA/RCA Regional Training Course on 3 November 1997. One year NUS Open Distance Learning Diploma Course started with two weeks Intensive Course with Core Lectures on Modules (0-7) in the Curriculum and Practical Hands-on Demonstrations. One theory and two practical assessments were conducted. Nineteen participants registered for the Diploma Course. Production of IAEA Multi-Media Curriculum was completed and the Curriculum was distributed to member States during a 2-week-RCA 'Train the Trainers' Workshop on 27 April

  5. Education and training of operators and maintenance staff at Hamaoka Nuclear Power Stations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At Hamaoka Nuclear Power Station, in order to ensure higher safety and reliability of plant operation, education and training is provided consistently, on a comprehensive basis, for all operating, maintenance and other technical staff, aimed at developing more capable human resources in the nuclear power division. To this end, Hamaoka Nuclear Power Station has the 'Nuclear Training Center' on its site. The training center provides the technical personnel including operators and maintenance personnel with practical training, utilizing simulators for operation training and the identical facilities with those at the real plant. Thus, it plays a central role in promoting comprehensive education and training concerning nuclear power generation. Our education system covers knowledge and skills necessary for the safe and stable operation of nuclear power plant, targeting new employees to managerial personnel. It is also organized systematically in accordance with experience and job level. We will report the present education and training of operators and maintenance personnel at Hamaoka Nuclear Training Center. (author)

  6. Situated cognitive engineering: the requirements and design of automatically directed scenario-based training

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Peeters, M.M.M.; van den Bosch, K.; Meyer, J-J.Ch.; Neerincx, M.A.

    2012-01-01

    Serious games enable trainees to practice independently of school, staff, and fellow students. This is important as amount of practice directly relates to training efficacy. It is also known that personalized guidance elevates the benefits of training. How to achieve automated guidance, for example to

  7. Improving training tools for continuing operator qualification in Spain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are currently nine nuclear power plants in service in Spain; the most recent started commercial operation in 1988. Spanish legislation requires operators to have an academic technical background of at least 3 yr. The turnover rate is <5%, and in recent years, symptom-based emergency procedure has been introduced. These facts have given rise to a situation in which Spanish licensed operators are demanding more in-depth training to avoid a stagnant routine and boredom. In responding to this challenge, Tecnatom has had to significantly update its two simulators for boiling water reactor (BWR) and pressurized water reactor (PSR) plants, to ensure coverage of the emergency procedures and has had to create a tool - the Interactive Graphics Simulator - that allows these problems to be ameliorated. With a view to updating its simulators, Tecnatom initiated in 1985 a project known as advanced simulation models (MAS), which was completed at the end of 1990. The TRACS code is a real-time advanced thermohydraulic code for upgrading Tecnatom's nuclear plant simulators. The interactive graphic simulator, (SGI) is a system that provides a graphic display of the models of a full-scope simulator by means of color monitors. The two new tools used are enabling higher levels of motivation to be achieved among the plant operations personnel, especially with respect to requalification

  8. Probabilistic Safety Analysis Operation Training. Techniques and Lessons Learned

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the objectives of Jose Cabrera NPP (CNJC) is to transmit its Operation results. In 1996 this objective was achieved through a PSA course given at CNJC. This course, as part of the training programme for CNJC operators, consisted of five sessions describing the PSA methodology, the sequences analysed and the systems modelled, and touched on component failure and relevant human actions. One of the main points of the course was to analyse with operators modifications carried out as a result of the PSA, mainly IOPs, as well as the resulting accident sequences, the time available to carry out main human actions and the time consumed by such actions. The objectives of the course have been amply achieved, since in addition to transmitting detailed PSA results, the PSA team has received from operators valuable information on modifications carried out since the commencement of the previous study and their experience in such modifications, which will be used in version 2 of the PSA, and has strengthened relationships to make the PSA-Plant interface even more ideal. These are circumstance that will benefit the performance of the new version. (Author)

  9. Research on System Simulation Platform of Moving-Block Automatic Train Protection%移动闭塞列车自动防护系统仿真平台研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙永生; 张友鹏; 赵宇坤

    2012-01-01

    Optimization of train protection system was studied. Automatic train protection system should ensure train operation safety, optimize and control the speeds and time intervals of trains, and increase the line capacity in Moving-block train control system. Therefore, establishment of simulation platform of Moving-block automatic train protection system was proposed to track the Mpving-block train operation, forecast running strategy in the next stage, and control the train to track the intervals safely and in real-time. Through the establishment of models of minimum train safe track interval, the simulation platform can monitor the train running. After the analysis of train operation simulation under different conditions, the results indicate that the protection system of the simulation platform can guarantee the safe of train operation.%研究列车防护系统优化问题,列车自动防护系统应在移动闭塞列控系统中保证行车安全,对列车运行的速度和时间间隔应进行优化控制,提高线路运力.为此提出建立移动闭塞列车自动防护系统仿真平台,实现对移动闭塞列车的运行进行追踪,预测列车下一阶段的运行策略,并对列车的安全追踪间隔进行实时控制.通过建立列车最小安全追踪间隔模型,使仿真平台实现了列车运行安全监控功能.经过对不同条件下列车的运行进行仿真分析,结果表明,仿真平台的防护系统能够保证列车的运行安全.

  10. Experience with training of operating and maintenance personnel of nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The system is described of the specialist training of personnel for Czechoslovak nuclear power plants. Training consists of basic training, vocational training and training for the respective job. Responsible for the training is the Research Institute for Nuclear Power Plants; actual training takes place at three training centres. Personnel are divided into seven categories for training purposes: senior technical and economic staff, shift leaders, whose work has immediate effect on nuclear safety, engineering and technical personnel of technical units, shift leaders of technical units, personnel in technical units, shift service personnel and operating personnel, maintenance workers. Experience with training courses run at the training centre is summed up. Since 1980 the Centre has been training personnel mainly for the Dukovany nuclear power plant. Recommendations are presented for training personnel for the Temelin nuclear power plant. (Z.M.)

  11. Design and performance of an automatic regenerating adsorption aerosol dryer for continuous operation at monitoring sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuch, T. M.; Haudek, A.; Müller, T.; Nowak, A.; Wex, H.; Wiedensohler, A.

    2009-04-01

    Sizes of aerosol particles depend on the relative humidity of their carrier gas. Most monitoring networks require therefore that the aerosol is dried to a relative humidity below 50% RH to ensure comparability of measurements at different sites. Commercially available aerosol dryers are often not suitable for this purpose at remote monitoring sites. Adsorption dryers need to be regenerated frequently and maintenance-free single column Nafion dryers are not designed for high aerosol flow rates. We therefore developed an automatic regenerating adsorption aerosol dryer with a design flow rate of 1 m3/h. Particle transmission efficiency of this dryer has been determined during a 3 weeks experiment. The lower 50% cut-off was found to be below 3 nm at the design flow rate of the instrument. Measured transmission efficiencies are in good agreement with theoretical calculations. One drier has been successfully deployed in the Amazonas river basin. From this monitoring site, we present data from the first 6 months of measurements (February 2008-August 2008). Apart from one unscheduled service, this dryer did not require any maintenance during this time period. The average relative humidity of the dried aerosol was 27.1+/-7.5% RH compared to an average ambient relative humidity of nearly 80% and temperatures around 30°C. This initial deployment demonstrated that these dryers are well suitable for continuous operation at remote monitoring sites under adverse ambient conditions.

  12. Automatic controller for steam generator water level during low power operation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This research proposes a new controller which ensures a satisfactory automatic control for the steam generator water level from low power to full power. It is premised that the current analog control loop is replaced with digital computer control thus expanding the range of possible solutions. The proposed approach is to compensate the level measurement for thermal shrink and swell effects which cause complications in level control during low power operation. A non-linear digital predictor is a part of the controller and is used to estimate shrink and swell effects. The predictor is found to be stable and on-line applicable with micro-processors. The controller is evaluated by calculations in which it controls an existing non-linear digital computer model of a steam generator. For a multi-ramp power increase from low power to full power, the proposed controller shows good performances for the entire range. Water level settles down within 3 min after a single ramp increase (5% power increase in a minute) without any stability problem. Even at very low power, the maximum overshoot is judged to be acceptable. (orig.)

  13. Automatic determination of the number of targets present when using the time reversal operator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinlan, Angela; Barbot, Jean-Pierre; Larzabal, Pascal

    2006-04-01

    Acoustical time reversal mirrors have been shown to provide a highly accurate means of studying and focusing on acoustical sources. The DORT method is a derivation of the time reversal process, which allows for focusing on multiple targets. An important step in this process is the determination of the number of targets or sources present. This is achieved by examining the eigenvalues of the time reversal operator (TRO). The number of significant eigenvalues is then chosen as the number of sources present. However, as mentioned in [N. Mordant, C. Prada, and M. Fink, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 105, 2634-2642 (1999) and C. Prada, M. Tanter, and M. Fink, in Proceedings of the IEEE Symposium, 1997, pp. 679-683], factors such as low signal to noise ratio (SNR), small data sample, array configuration and the target location may result in the eigenvalues corresponding to the targets no longer being distinguishable from the background noise eigenvalues. This paper proposes a robust method of automatically determining the number of targets even in the presence of a small number of snapshots. For white Gaussian noise, the profile of the ordered eigenvalues is seen to fit an exponential law. The observed eigenvalues are then compared to this model and a mismatch is detected between the observed profile and the noise-only model. The index of the mismatch gives the number of scatterers present. PMID:16642836

  14. GMES Initial Operations - Network for Earth Observation Research Training (GIONET)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicolas-Perea, V.; Balzter, H.

    2012-12-01

    GMES Initial Operations - Network for Earth Observation Research Training (GIONET) is a Marie Curie funded project that aims to establish the first of a kind European Centre of Excellence for Earth Observation Research Training. GIONET is a partnership of leading Universities, research institutes and private companies from across Europe aiming to cultivate a community of early stage researchers in the areas of optical and radar remote sensing skilled for the emerging GMES land monitoring services during the GMES Initial Operations period (2011-2013) and beyond. GIONET is expected to satisfy the demand for highly skilled researchers and provide personnel for operational phase of the GMES and monitoring and emergency services. It will achieve this by: -Providing postgraduate training in Earth Observation Science that exposes students to different research disciplines and complementary skills, providing work experiences in the private and academic sectors, and leading to a recognized qualification (Doctorate). -Enabling access to first class training in both fundamental and applied research skills to early-stage researchers at world-class academic centers and market leaders in the private sector. -Building on the experience from previous GMES research and development projects in the land monitoring and emergency information services. The training program through supervised research focuses on 14 research topics (each carried out by an Early Stage Researchers based in one of the partner organization) divided in 5 main areas: Forest monitoring: Global biomass information systems Forest Monitoring of the Congo Basin using Synthetic Aperture radar (SAR) Multi-concept Earth Observation Capabilities for Biomass Mapping and Change Detection: Synergy of Multi-temporal and Multi-frequency Interferometric Radar and Optical Satellite Data Land cover and change: Multi-scale Remote Sensing Synergy for Land Process Studies: from field Spectrometry to Airborne Hyperspectral and

  15. Training of NPP operators: OJT completes use of non replica simulator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the paper, it is discussed the contribution of a Multifunctional Optimised Scope Simulator (MOSS), to the training of nuclear power plant operators and we will explain how this tool can be integrated into a training plan including On the Job Training (OJT). Then it is analyzed to what extent OJT and MOSS based training can be complementary

  16. Reactor Simulator Development Facility for Operating Personnel Training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A reactor simulator development facility (FARSim) for operator training is presented. This facility is a software product that can be divided into four main modules: the model manager (MM), the simulator human machine interface (SHMI), the instructor station (IS) and the simulation manager (SM). It is designed as a distributed system where each module takes charge of a specific simulator task that could run in the same computer or distributed in a computer network. The main module is the SM which is responsible for routing the messages between the other modules and managing the simulation. The MM interfaces to the plant mathematical model (PMM). The IS is the process where the instructor commands the simulation, performing tasks such as start, pause and stop the simulation. The SHMI is the interface with the simulator SCADA (which can be identical to the plant SCADA) and is used by the trainee to observe the simulated plant output and to act upon it. The PMM is built using Matlab-Simulink simulation engine and graphical design user interface, for which specific libraries have been developed with a comprehensive set of nuclear and thermohydraulic plant components. This simulator development facility is being used to develop the ANSTO replacement research reactor full-scope and partial replica reactor training simulator (RTS). (author)

  17. Experience in using a research reactor for the training of power reactor operators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A research reactor facility such as the one at the Omaha Veterans Administration Hospital would have much to offer in the way of training reactor operators. Although most of the candidates for the course had either received previous training in the Westinghouse Reactor Operator Training Program, had operated nuclear submarine reactors or had operated power reactors, they were not offered the opportunity to perform the extensive manipulations of a reactor that a small research facility will allow. In addition the AEC recommends 10 research reactor startups per student as a prerequisite for a cold operator?s license and these can easily be obtained during the training period

  18. AUTOMATIC TRAINING DATA SYNTHESIS FOR HANDWRITING RECOGNITION USING THE STRUCTURAL CROSSING-OVER TECHNIQUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sirisak Visessenee

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a novel technique called “Struct ural Crossing-Over” to synthesize qualified data fo r training machine learning-based handwriting recogni tion. The proposed technique can provide a greater variety of patterns of training data than the exist ing approaches such as elastic distortion and tange nt- based affine transformation. A couple of training c haracters are chosen, then they are analyzed by the ir similar and different structures, and finally are c rossed over to generate the new characters. The experiments are set to compare the performances of tangent-based affine transformation and the propose d approach in terms of the variety of generated chara cters and percent of recognition errors. The stand ard MNIST corpus including 60,000 training characters a nd 10,000 test characters is employed in the experiments. The proposed technique uses 1,000 char acters to synthesize 60,000 characters, and then us es these data to train and test the benchmark handwrit ing recognition system that exploits Histogram of Gradient: HOG as features and Support Vector Machin e: SVM as recognizer. The experimental result yields 8.06% of errors. It significantly outperform s the tangent-based affine transformation and the original MNIST training data, which are 11.74% and 16.55%, respectively.

  19. PWR plant operator training used full scope simulator incorporated MAAP model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    NTC makes an effort with the understanding of plant behavior of core damage accident as part of our advanced training. For the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station accident, we introduced the MAAP model into PWR operator training full scope simulator and also made the Severe Accident Visual Display unit. From 2014, we will introduce new training program for a core damage accident with PWR operator training full scope simulator incorporated the MAAP model and the Severe Accident Visual Display unit. (author)

  20. Argonaut type reactor for the best possible Phase Ia training of nuclear plant operators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Argonaut type reactor is an excellent training tool for the training of Electric Utility Nuclear Plant Operators. The training advantages of this type of reactor can best be seen by comparing its design characteristics to a typical large pressurized water reactor and other research/training reactors not necessary for reactor operator training are explained. Some minor modifications of the Argonaut at UCLA would prove valuable and are under consideration. A complete one week Phase Ia training program proposal has been made by UCLA to selected utilities and a summary of this program is presented

  1. SIMULA - C a simplified PC simulation training fool developed for the initial training of NPP operations personnel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During initial training of some 50 young reactor operators and shift supervisors in the last 5 years in Biblis it was found that it takes some time before trainees gain a food overview of the most important plant systems and develop a ''feeling'' of the dynamic plant behaviour which is an important prerequisite for the first full-scope simulator training courses. To enhance this, a PC software training tool was developed SIMULA - C. (author)

  2. Recruitment, training and decision making devices for operating teams

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    EDF's recruitment and training schemes are dealt with in respect to organisation and licensing. The main training centre of EDF is located at the nuclear power plant site Le Bugey. It comprises three 900 MW PWR simulators. Teaching resources and content of training are described

  3. Education and training of operators and maintenance staff at commercial nuclear power stations in Japan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Safe and stable operation of a nuclear power station requires personnel fostering. In Japan, with the objectives of systematically securing qualified people for a long period of time, and maintaining and improving their skills and knowledge, the utilities have created strict personnel training plans, for continuous education and training. Concrete examples of education and training for operators and maintenance personnel at commercial nuclear power stations in Japan, such as education systems training, facility and contents of curriculum, are detailed including some related matters. Recent activities to catch up with environment changes surrounding education and training of operators and maintenance staff are also mentioned. (author)

  4. 78 FR 57585 - Minimum Training Requirements for Entry-Level Commercial Motor Vehicle Operators

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-19

    ... ``Minimum Training Requirements for Entry Level Commercial Motor Vehicle Operators'' (69 FR 29384), to the... Training Requirements for Entry-Level Commercial Motor Vehicle Operators'' (72 FR 73226). The Agency... Operators,'' RIN 2126-AB06, published on ] December 26, 2007 (72 FR 73226), is withdrawn on September...

  5. Basic surgical training in Ireland: the impact of operative experience, training program allocation and mentorship on trainee satisfaction.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    O'Sullivan, K E

    2013-12-01

    Application to the Irish basic surgical training (BST) program in Ireland has decreased progressively over the past 5 years. We hypothesised that this decline was secondary to dissatisfaction with training correlated with reduced operative experience and lack of mentorship among BSTs.

  6. An evaluation of operative training lists for senior house officers in a district general hospital.

    OpenAIRE

    Feldman, Melanie; Nasmyth, George

    2005-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: To address concerns about reduced opportunities for operative training, a programme of training operating lists for senior house officers was established. The entire patient pathway was used as a learning resource so that training was offered in a range of areas including development of knowledge, communication skills and attitudes as well as operative technique. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The programme was evaluated using a stakeholder approach, considering the impact on patients, t...

  7. Energy Requirements of US Army Special Operation Forces During Military Training

    OpenAIRE

    Lee M. Margolis; Aaron P. Crombie; McClung, Holly L.; McGraw, Susan M.; Rood, Jennifer C.; Montain, Scott J.; Young, Andrew J.

    2014-01-01

    Special Operations Forces (SOF) regularly engage in physically demanding combat operations and field training exercises, resulting in high daily energy expenditure, and thus increased energy requirements. However, the majority of studies assessing energy requirements of SOF have been conducted on soldiers going through intense SOF initiation training. The objective of the current investigation was to determine the energy expenditure of SOF conducting military training operations. Thirty-one s...

  8. The continuation training of operators and feedback of operational experience in the Royal Navy's nuclear submarine programme

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Naval continuation training has relied heavily on the use of realistic simulators for over ten years, and this has been proved to be a cost-effective and efficient method of training. The type of simulator used, the selection and qualification of simulator instructors, and the method of training experienced operators is described. Also, the assessment of operator performance, the use of simulators during the final stages of operator qualification, and their use for training operators on plant operation whilst shut-down are covered. The Navy also pays great attention to the feedback of operating experience from sea into both continuation and basic training. This is accomplished using Incident Reports, which are rendered whenever the plant is operated outside the approved Operating Documentation, or when any other unusual circumstance arises. Each Report is individually assessed and replied to by a qualified operator, and those incidents of more general interest are published in a wider circulation document available to all plant operators. In addition, each crew is given an annual lecture on recent operating experiences. Important lessons are fed forward into new plant design, and the incident reports are also used as a source of information for plant reliability data. (author)

  9. The protein crystallography beamline BW6 at DORIS - automatic operation and high-throughput data collection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The wiggler beamline BW6 at DORIS has been optimized for de-novo solution of protein structures on the basis of MAD phasing. Facilities for automatic data collection, rapid data transfer and storage, and online processing have been developed which provide adequate conditions for high-throughput applications, e.g., in structural genomics

  10. Using an Automatic Retrieval System in the Web To Assist Co-operative Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badue, Claudine; Vaz, Wesley; Albuquerque, Eduardo

    This paper presents an information agent and latent semantic-based indexing architecture to retrieve documents on the Internet. The system optimizes the search for documents in the Internet by automatically retrieving relevant links. The information used for the search can be obtained, for instance, from Internet browser caches and from grades of…

  11. Automatic training and reliability estimation for 3D ASM applied to cardiac MRI segmentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tobon-Gomez, Catalina; Sukno, Federico M.; Butakoff, Constantine; Huguet, Marina; Frangi, Alejandro F.

    2012-07-01

    Training active shape models requires collecting manual ground-truth meshes in a large image database. While shape information can be reused across multiple imaging modalities, intensity information needs to be imaging modality and protocol specific. In this context, this study has two main purposes: (1) to test the potential of using intensity models learned from MRI simulated datasets and (2) to test the potential of including a measure of reliability during the matching process to increase robustness. We used a population of 400 virtual subjects (XCAT phantom), and two clinical populations of 40 and 45 subjects. Virtual subjects were used to generate simulated datasets (MRISIM simulator). Intensity models were trained both on simulated and real datasets. The trained models were used to segment the left ventricle (LV) and right ventricle (RV) from real datasets. Segmentations were also obtained with and without reliability information. Performance was evaluated with point-to-surface and volume errors. Simulated intensity models obtained average accuracy comparable to inter-observer variability for LV segmentation. The inclusion of reliability information reduced volume errors in hypertrophic patients (EF errors from 17 ± 57% to 10 ± 18% LV MASS errors from -27 ± 22 g to -14 ± 25 g), and in heart failure patients (EF errors from -8 ± 42% to -5 ± 14%). The RV model of the simulated images needs further improvement to better resemble image intensities around the myocardial edges. Both for real and simulated models, reliability information increased segmentation robustness without penalizing accuracy.

  12. (Simulator for post-accident situations) implementation of a training program for plant operators: first results and perspectives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The SIPA simulator, the fruit of studies on the prevention of severe accidents carried out as a result of the TMI accident, has been operational for more than a year: the simulator itself, with its special man-machine interface (and particularly its Pedagogical Station), which displays the innermost details of the behavior of the NSSS; the first two modeled configurations (CP1-900 MW and P4-1300 MW); the related software engineering workshop SWORD. SIPA meets fully, as witness the first reports for the previous training year, with its initial objectives: the prevention of severe accidents. Those who have trained on EDF's SIPA Simulator and who today are for the most part Shift Safety Advisers and Operation Managers, have declared themselves to be, on the whole, very satisfied with the type of training provided. The 'active' teaching approach used means that they can acquire new knowledge and deepen their understanding of physical phenomena. Other training courses on SIPA are being organized and will apply to top-ranking EDF officials, crisis team members. study engineers and clients from abroad. A training course on the operation and safety of PWRs is also being organized on the SIPA simulator of IPSN (French Nuclear Protection and Safety Institute) for safety analysis engineers. A number of developments are planned for SIPA. They mainly concern: data-packages (PWR N4-1400 MW, the PWR 2000 project. PWR CP0... and also VVER will be added to the current PWR configurations; new codes: CATHARE II v 1.4, to give better representation of the behavior of the NSSS; LIBELLULE and COCCINELLE for more sophisticated neutronics; MAAP or ESCADRE for the simulation of severe accidents; interface configurators: the development of a configurator of 'soft-panels' coupled to SIPA,of an automatic pedagogical image configurator, of a conventional interface configurator. All these tools will be integrated into the SWORD workshop

  13. Modeling and Simulation of Operator Training Simulator for Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Often the challenge faced by the Nuclear Power Industry is the availability of well trained human resource for efficient power plant monitoring and control. Safety of the plant purely depends upon the plant knowledge acquired, understanding of plant dynamics and the skills possessed by the operators through systematic training. Generally the operators are given class room and field training before deploying them in the operation crew. But, for handling emergency and abnormal conditions, the formal class room training and field training have proved to be inadequate according to the expert estimates. The state- of- art computer based operator training simulators covering the full spectrum of the plant have become an essential element in bridging the gap between the inadequacy and efficiency. Gradually the training simulators are getting embedded in the operator training programme and started playing a crucial role in enhancing the ability of the operators.This paper discusses about the operator training simulator called KALBR- SIM i.e. Kalpakkam Breeder Simulator that has been built at IGCAR for training the Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR) operators. It is a Full Scope Replica Operator Training Simulator built to replicate PFBR. The scope of the paper covers the basic modules necessary for building each process model of the simulator, design and development of the reactor sub systems like Neutronics, Primary Sodium, Secondary Sodium, Decay Heat Removal, Steam Water, Electrical systems and the associated logics and controls. It is followed by a detailed discussion on replication aspects of Simulator Control Room and its advantages, the Hardware Architecture, Instruction Station facility and loading of scenarios. It further elaborates on Steady State and Bench Mark Transients tests conducted on the Operator Training Simulator like One primary sodium pump trip, one primary pump seizure, Primary pipe rupture, one boiler feed pump trip and Station Black Out. (author)

  14. Application of QIP and SAT to operator training at Florida Power and Light Company

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia, G.A. (Florida Power and Light Co., Fort Lauderdale, FL (US))

    1990-01-01

    This paper reports the application of quality improvement program (QIP) and the systems approach to training (SAT) to Training of Operators at a power and light company. The paper discusses the QIP and SAT principles and development of the start-up/start down training course based on those principles.

  15. Development of operator training programs, TRAIN 1.0 using individual plant examinations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Severe accident management can be define as the use of existing and alternative resources, systems, and actions to prevent or mitigate a core-melt accident in nuclear power plants. TRAIN (Training pRogram for AMP in NPP), developed for training control room staff and the technical group, is introduced in this paper. The TRAIN composes of phenomenological knowledge base(KB), accident sequence KB and accident management procedures with AM strategy control diagrams and information needs, which are produced from the IPE results of a reference plant. This TRAIN might contribute to training them by obtaining phenomenological knowledge of severe accidents, understanding plant vulnerabilities, and solving problems under high stress

  16. Survey of foreign reactor operator qualifications, training, and staffing requirements. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report is a compilation of the data obtained from a survey of foreign nuclear power plant operator requirements. Included among the considerations are: (1) shift staffing; (2) operator eligibility; (3) operator training programs; (4) operator licensing or certification; and (5) operator retraining. The data obtained from this survey are presented in matrix form and contrasted with U.S. requirements

  17. Development of the automatized system for the NPP operator support and monitoring of the operating procedure requirement performances

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report represents one of the variants to solve the problem of the effective support of the reactor operator and monitoring of the maintenance operating procedure requirementperformances based on a methodology of hybrid expert system (ES). The requirements of operating documentation (OD) in formalized form are entered into knowledge base (KB) of expert system and used then to check the operator actions and to give him effective information support. The system functions are as follows: identification of the reactor status; extraction of the operator actions during some given situation from the knowledge system base on limitations; graphic representation of the present reactor status for the operator and his action limitations; determination of the operator conduct during some given situation; explanation of the logical output result given by the system to the operator; context assistance in the form of the hypertext based on operation documentation (OD) for the operator on his request; determination of the permissible operator conduct during some given situation; hold and output of the information on the operator conduct that contradicts OD requirements; entering the changes into the data and system knowledge base in the case of correction; the system operation protocol. Expected effect: increasing the supervision efficiency for the NPP maintenance operating procedures performance by the operators; giving the effective support for the operator under various reactor operations; receiving of statistical data to improve OD

  18. Treated Effluent Disposal Facility (TEDF) Operator Training Station (OTS) System Configuration Management Plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carter, R.L. Jr.

    1994-06-01

    The Treated Effluent Disposal Facility Operator Training Station (TEDF OTS) is a computer based training tool designed to aid plant operations and engineering staff in familiarizing themselves with the TEDF Central Control System (CCS). It consists of PC compatible computers and a Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) designed to emulate the responses of various plant components connected to or under the control of the CCS. The system trains operators by simulating the normal operation but also has the ability to force failures of different equipment allowing the operator to react and observe the events. The paper describes organization, responsibilities, system configuration management activities, software, and action plans for fully utilizing the simulation program.

  19. Energy-efficient Ship OperationTraining Requirements and Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Baldauf

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The International Maritime Organization (IMO, through its Maritime Environmental Protection Committee (MEPC, has been carrying out substantive work on the reduction and limitation of greenhouse gas emissions from international shipping since 1997, following the adoption of the Kyoto Protocol and the 1997 MARPOL Conference. While to date no mandatory GHG instrument for international shipping has been adopted, IMO has given significant consideration of the matter and has been working in accordance with an ambitious work plan with a view to adopting a package of technical provisions. Beside the efforts undertaken by IMO, it is assumed that e.g. optimized manoeuvring regimes have potential to contribute to a reduction of GHG emissions. Such procedures and supporting technologies can decrease the negative effects to the environment and also may reduce fuel consumption. However, related training has to be developed and to be integrated into existing course schemes accordingly. IMO intends to develop a Model Course aiming at promoting the energy-efficient operation of ships. This Course will contribute to the IMO’s environmental protection goals as set out in resolutions A.947(23 and A.998(25 by promulgating industry “best practices”, which reduce greenhouse gas emissions and the negative impact of global shipping on climate change. In this paper the outline of the research work will be introduced and the fundamental ideas and concepts are described. A concept for the overall structure and the development of suggested detailed content of the draft Model course will be exemplarily explained. Also, a developed draft module for the model course with samples of the suggested integrated practical exercises will be introduced and discussed. The materials and data in this publication have been obtained partly through capacity building research project of IAMU kindly supported by the International Association of Maritime Universities (IAMU and The Nippon

  20. Captain upgrade CRM training: A new focus for enhanced flight operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taggart, William R.

    1993-01-01

    Crew Resource Management (CRM) research has resulted in numerous payoffs of applied applications in flight training and standardization of air carrier flight operations. This paper describes one example of how basic research into human factors and crew performance was used to create a specific training intervention for upgrading new captains for a major United States air carrier. The basis for the training is examined along with some of the specific training methods used, and several unexpeced results.

  1. Development of the operator training system using computer graphics. Pt. 2. Operator behavior CG system and its applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In training, it has been important to show good performance of operators dealing with abnormal operating; condition simulated by a training simulator. Video-taping of the scenario-based performance by instructors of a training center is the most common way. However, it is difficult for the experienced instructors to show good performance due to the stress of being video-taped. Therefore, the authors developed a system named Operator Behavior Computer Graphic System (OBCGS) to computer-graphically show the behavior of operators. The input data of this system are data on operation, watching, walking and utterances with time, objects of operation and watching, contents of their behavior, etc. The system temporally uses the output data of Man Machine Simulator developed by CRIEPI. OBCGS has 3 kinds of user interfaces. The first one computer-graphically shows 3 operators and one shift supervisor behaving in the control room from a bird's eye viewpoint. The second one has multi windows to show details of computer graphics of operators and control panels. The last one shows the history of operations, warnings and utterance. The system shows reasonable computer graphics in quality from the viewpoint of showing good performance of operations. This report also describes how to use the OBCGS and ways of application to the operator training. (author)

  2. Achieving reliable operation of a steam turbine's automatic control and protection system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naumov, S. A.; Naumov, A. S.; Shvetsov, D. P.; Krymskii, A. V.

    2011-01-01

    The algorithms, procedures, and modules for making expert estimates of the technical state of automatic control and protection systems for different types of turbines by means of the SPIDER mobile computerized automation system are presented. It is shown that owing to high trustworthiness with which the kind and location of hidden defects of units are determined without disassembling them, repair works can be scheduled in the optimal way and the costs for carrying them out can be reduced.

  3. Automatic registration between 3D intra-operative ultrasound and pre-operative CT images of the liver based on robust edge matching

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The registration of a three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound (US) image with a computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance image is beneficial in various clinical applications such as diagnosis and image-guided intervention of the liver. However, conventional methods usually require a time-consuming and inconvenient manual process for pre-alignment, and the success of this process strongly depends on the proper selection of initial transformation parameters. In this paper, we present an automatic feature-based affine registration procedure of 3D intra-operative US and pre-operative CT images of the liver. In the registration procedure, we first segment vessel lumens and the liver surface from a 3D B-mode US image. We then automatically estimate an initial registration transformation by using the proposed edge matching algorithm. The algorithm finds the most likely correspondences between the vessel centerlines of both images in a non-iterative manner based on a modified Viterbi algorithm. Finally, the registration is iteratively refined on the basis of the global affine transformation by jointly using the vessel and liver surface information. The proposed registration algorithm is validated on synthesized datasets and 20 clinical datasets, through both qualitative and quantitative evaluations. Experimental results show that automatic registration can be successfully achieved between 3D B-mode US and CT images even with a large initial misalignment.

  4. 49 CFR 238.447 - Train operator's controls and power car cab layout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... employee regularly assigned to occupy a power car cab and any floor-mounted seat in the cab shall be: (1... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Train operator's controls and power car cab layout... Specific Requirements for Tier II Passenger Equipment § 238.447 Train operator's controls and power car...

  5. 76 FR 3831 - Crew Resource Management Training for Crewmembers in Part 135 Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-21

    ... training in the use of crew resource management principles, as appropriate for their operation. This final... training for pilots and flight attendants in part 135 operations.\\1\\ See 74 FR 20263 (May 1, 2009). The.../ ; or 3. Accessing the Government Printing Office's Web page at...

  6. Training new operators for the SLOWPOKE reactor at Ecole Polytechnique: theory and practice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the last two years we trained two new operators for the SLOWPOKE reactor at Ecole Polytechnique. In this paper we describe how the training program for these operators was designed. We also discuss the shortcomings that were identified in the program and the modifications it required when being put in use.

  7. Selection, training, qualification and licensing of Three Mile Island reactor operating personnel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The various programs which were intended to staff Three Mile Island with competent, trained operators and supervisors are reviewed. The analysis includes a review of the regulations concerning operator training and licensing, and describes how the requirements were implemented by the NRC, Metropolitan Edison Company, and Babcock and Wilcox Company. Finally the programs conducted by these three organisations are evaluated. (U.K.)

  8. Equipment Operator 3 and 2. NAVTRA 10640-G. Rate Training Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bureau of Naval Personnel, Washington, DC.

    A guide for advancement and training in the Equipment Operator 3 and 2 ratings for Navy personnel is provided in this manual. The chapters outline the duties and responsibilities of the equipment operators involved with engines, fuels, lubricants, pollution control, automotive power trains and chassis, automotive vehicles, materials-handling…

  9. Development of automatic technology of drilling, loading and hauling operation for crushed stone industry; Saisekigyo ni okeru ganseki saishu sagyo no jidoka gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miyake, K. [Japan Crushed Stone Association, Tokyo (Japan); Yoshida, K.; Oshima, H. [Komatsu Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Suzaki, T. [Furukawa Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-07-25

    In the crushed stone industry, work must be done outdoors for long hours, and labor shortage becomes a serious problem because of the extremely rigorous work environment. In this paper, the content of three technical developments recommended by the Japan Crushed Stone Association was introduced: that is, the automatic technology on the crawler drill, the automatic technology on the wheel loader, and the unmanned operating technology on the dump truck. As for the automatic technology on the crawler drill, the multi-operating levers and the fully automatic load exchange equipment were under development for more safely and simply operating the oil hydraulic crawler drill in the rock drilling operation. As for the automatic technology on the wheel loader, a system to prevent tire slip, an automatic mining system, and an automatic loading system were developed. As for the unmanned operating technology on the dump truck, a system to measure direction and distance were developed using an optical fiber gyroscope as a direction sensor and the vehicle rotating sensor as a distance sensor. 8 refs., 29 figs., 2 tabs.

  10. An operator self-training system based upon the emulation of instructor skill

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zuenkov, M. [Institute of Control Sciences of Moscow (Russian Federation); Marsiletti, M. [Ansaldo - Nuclear Division (Italy)

    1999-07-01

    In the early 90's a project started in Ansaldo for developing the Training Compact Simulation Technology. One of the objectives was to substitute the human instructor with an Expert System based on the Emulation of Instructor Skill (EIS). EIS stems from software architecture and an ad hoc language (ABIS) developed at Institute of Control Sciences (ICS) of Moscow. The expert system relies upon Artificial Intelligence technology and qualitative logic modelling of controlled plant physics. Its task is to explain the physical effects of controlled plant behaviour and control system response and comment on them as well as estimation of operator's actions in standard and nonstandard situations. Insight into process physics is obtained through consulting the expert system into which the qualitative process model is built-in, thus enabling expert explanation of fine physical effects such as: identification of disturbance and control system actions. The main features of EIS are: (a) checking the correct memorisation of the plant procedures, (b) testing his own reactions when facing abnormal and/or unexpected situations, (c) improving his own engineering sensitivity, (d) getting on-line answers to specific questions, such as: what are the reasons of the current status of Plant (Operator control actions, control system actions, disturbances imposed by the Instructor, transient behaviour of parameters); what events are the result of the action performed by the Operator (step by step); what events can result from a given Operator action (prediction); correspondence of the Operator actions to the steps of the performed procedures; in abnormal situations, judgement about operator actions (positive or negative, with respect to the goal of plant stabilisation or disturbances elimination). A demonstrative application was developed for Sampierdarena 40 MW Cogeneration Plant. The plant model running under the simulator was built-up by means of the LEGO code. The LEGO code is

  11. An operator self-training system based upon the emulation of instructor skill

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the early 90's a project started in Ansaldo for developing the Training Compact Simulation Technology. One of the objectives was to substitute the human instructor with an Expert System based on the Emulation of Instructor Skill (EIS). EIS stems from software architecture and an ad hoc language (ABIS) developed at Institute of Control Sciences (ICS) of Moscow. The expert system relies upon Artificial Intelligence technology and qualitative logic modelling of controlled plant physics. Its task is to explain the physical effects of controlled plant behaviour and control system response and comment on them as well as estimation of operator's actions in standard and nonstandard situations. Insight into process physics is obtained through consulting the expert system into which the qualitative process model is built-in, thus enabling expert explanation of fine physical effects such as: identification of disturbance and control system actions. The main features of EIS are: (a) checking the correct memorisation of the plant procedures, (b) testing his own reactions when facing abnormal and/or unexpected situations, (c) improving his own engineering sensitivity, (d) getting on-line answers to specific questions, such as: what are the reasons of the current status of Plant (Operator control actions, control system actions, disturbances imposed by the Instructor, transient behaviour of parameters); what events are the result of the action performed by the Operator (step by step); what events can result from a given Operator action (prediction); correspondence of the Operator actions to the steps of the performed procedures; in abnormal situations, judgement about operator actions (positive or negative, with respect to the goal of plant stabilisation or disturbances elimination). A demonstrative application was developed for Sampierdarena 40 MW Cogeneration Plant. The plant model running under the simulator was built-up by means of the LEGO code. The LEGO code is a modular

  12. The German simulator center for the training of nuclear power plant operators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Simulator training for nuclear power plant operators in Germany is conducted in The Simulator Center in Essen. The companies operating The Center are KSG/GfS. KSG provides simulators, GfS performs the training. The German Simulator Center is equipped with five simulators in training, nine simulators are under construction and will be ready for training until the beginning of 1997. This institution serves 22 nuclear power plants units in Germany, Switzerland (NPP Goesgen-Daeniken) and the Netherlands (NPP Borssele) and trains 1,800 persons every year. As a common enterprise the company is owned by 12 utilities, which leads to the necessity to prepare common rules and guidelines for simulator specification, training of instructors, assessment of trainees, training material and preparation and methodical running of simulator courses

  13. Compex system for teaching and training operators for TPP and NPP power units

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Requirements, taken as a principle for constructing the system for operator teaching and training (OTT), have been formulated on the basis of investigation of operators' work at TPP and NPP power units. Functional structure and a structural block-diagram for OTT are built. As a criterion, which determines the structure of any trainers, being a part of OTT a requirement has been chosen satisfying the correspondence beetween habits developed with the help of trainers and habits of real operators' work. Results of analysis permit to confirm that refusal or under statement of the role of any stage of operator training leads to reduction of quality of his training

  14. A swarm-trained k-nearest prototypes adaptive classifier with automatic feature selection for interval data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva Filho, Telmo M; Souza, Renata M C R; Prudêncio, Ricardo B C

    2016-08-01

    Some complex data types are capable of modeling data variability and imprecision. These data types are studied in the symbolic data analysis field. One such data type is interval data, which represents ranges of values and is more versatile than classic point data for many domains. This paper proposes a new prototype-based classifier for interval data, trained by a swarm optimization method. Our work has two main contributions: a swarm method which is capable of performing both automatic selection of features and pruning of unused prototypes and a generalized weighted squared Euclidean distance for interval data. By discarding unnecessary features and prototypes, the proposed algorithm deals with typical limitations of prototype-based methods, such as the problem of prototype initialization. The proposed distance is useful for learning classes in interval datasets with different shapes, sizes and structures. When compared to other prototype-based methods, the proposed method achieves lower error rates in both synthetic and real interval datasets. PMID:27152933

  15. Experience gained in automatic equipment operation of the brushless excitation circuit of the TVV-500-2 turbogenerators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A diode circuit for brushless excitation of turbogenerators at the Leningrad-, South-Ukrainian- and Rovno NPPs is described. The turbogenerator has both the main voltage regulator and subsidiary duplicate regulator, preventing the generator from losses of static and dynamic stability for any reason: either due to voltage increase in the system, as specified by the project, or due to any malfunction in the excitation automatics. The circuit permits to reserve the main regulation channel not according to discrete emergency signals, but according to the factor, determininig stable operation of the generator. The use of such a circuit permits to increase the excitation circuit reliability and to perform maintenance operations either on the main or on duplicate channel of regulation during the generator operation in the network

  16. Reactor simulator development facility for operating personnel training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: A development facility of reactor simulators (FARSim) for operator training is presented. The simulator development facility can be divided into four main modules: the model manager (MM), the simulator human machine interface (SHMI), the instructor station (IS) and the simulation manager (SM). It is designed as a distributed system where each module takes charge of an specific simulator task that could run in the same computer or distributed in a computer network. Only the SHMI runs in a remote computer (specific hardware). The process distribution is configurable at the start of the simulation session. This type of process distribution makes it scalable. The main module is the Simulation Manager (SM) which is responsible of routing the messages between the other modules and managing the simulation. The Model Manager (MM) interfaces to the plant mathematical model (PMM). The Data Base Manager (DBM) handles the data base, in order to access and save necessary information during the simulation. The timing of the simulation is accomplished by the Clock Manager (CM) and the error and system messages are handled by the Logger. The Instructor Console (IC) is the process where the instructor commands the simulation. The SHMI is a process interface with the simulator SCADA (which can be identical to the plant SCADA) and is used by the trainee to observe the simulated plant output and to act upon it. The PMM source code, together with the necessary libraries is encapsulated into the MM to implement the model initialisation and the one-step simulation. The MM provides the initial conditions (ICs), and the model input, the PMM provides the plant output. Depending on the complexity of the model, it can be divided and the calculations can be distributed among different CPUs. The PMM source code generation is based on the Matlab-Simulink-Real Time Workshop simulation development environment. The models are developed on graphical windows interfaces based on component

  17. Electricite de France: The search for excellence in the nuclear operator training process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Electricite de France (EdF) operates 51 pressurized water reactor units. The total staff of operators, operating and safety engineers, and supervisors who perform control room tasks today number about 2,000. During the last decade, EdF has had to recruit and train operating staff to handle the equivalent of four to six units reaching criticality every year. To meet this need, the company training department had to design and commission ∼10 full-scope simulators and 50 partial-task simulators, in synchrony with the various stages of unit design. Beyond the initial education and training of the newly recruited staff, EdF has adopted a retraining process in which every professional works with the simulator twice a year, five days at a time. The latest advances in the field of simulation are the 'steam generator tube break operation' simulator, based on an expert system self-training concept, and the SIPA simulator, based on a real-time contraction of the CATHARE thermohydraulic accident code. These training tools contribute to raising quality in human performance and are used for both training purposes and research and development (R and D). In 1987, the training department of the company started a national R and D program to improve operator evaluation as well as to assess the training scope and methods overall

  18. Electricite de France: The search for excellence in the nuclear operator training process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tangy, N. (Electricite de France, Cany-Barville (France))

    1991-11-01

    Electricite de France (EdF) operates 51 pressurized water reactor units. The total staff of operators, operating and safety engineers, and supervisors who perform control room tasks today number about 2,000. During the last decade, EdF has had to recruit and train operating staff to handle the equivalent of four to six units reaching criticality every year. To meet this need, the company training department had to design and commission {approximately}10 full-scope simulators and 50 partial-task simulators, in synchrony with the various stages of unit design. Beyond the initial education and training of the newly recruited staff, EdF has adopted a retraining process in which every professional works with the simulator twice a year, five days at a time. The latest advances in the field of simulation are the steam generator tube break operation' simulator, based on an expert system self-training concept, and the SIPA simulator, based on a real-time contraction of the CATHARE thermohydraulic accident code. These training tools contribute to raising quality in human performance and are used for both training purposes and research and development (R and D). In 1987, the training department of the company started a national R and D program to improve operator evaluation as well as to assess the training scope and methods overall.

  19. Operant psychology makes a splash--in marine mammal training (1955-1965).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillaspy, James Arthur; Brinegar, Jennifer L; Bailey, Robert E

    2014-01-01

    Despite the wide spread use of operant conditioning within marine animal training, relatively little is known about this unique application of behavioral technology. This article explores the expansion of operant psychology to commercial marine animal training from 1955 to 1965, specifically at marine parks such as Marine Studios Florida, Marineland of the Pacific, Sea Life Park, and SeaWorld. The contributions of Keller and Marian Breland and their business Animal Behavior Enterprises (ABE) as well as other early practitioners of behavioral technology are reviewed. We also describe how operant technology was introduced and formalized into procedures that have become the cornerstone of marine animal training and entertainment. The rapid growth of the marine park industry during this time was closely linked to the spread of behavioral technology. The expansion of operant training methods within marine animal training is a unique success story of behavioral technology. PMID:24962746

  20. Training of machine operators for mechanized wood harvesting : a study carried out under the EU-funded ERGOWOOD project

    OpenAIRE

    Strehlke, Bernt; Warngren, Kristin

    2004-01-01

    Examines recent developments in employment and training in European forestry and investigates the mechanization of forest harvesting and the training of forest machine operators in France and Poland. Briefly describes three vocational training programmes promoted by the European Commission.

  1. Automatic pre- to intra-operative CT registration for image-guided cochlear implant surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Reda, Fitsum A.; Noble, Jack H; Labadie, Robert F.; Dawant, Benoit M.

    2012-01-01

    Percutaneous cochlear implantation (PCI) is a minimally invasive image-guided cochlear implant approach, where access to the cochlea is achieved by drilling a linear channel from the skull surface to the cochlea. The PCI approach requires pre- and intra-operative planning. Computation of a safe linear drilling trajectory is performed in a pre-operative CT. This trajectory is mapped to intra-operative space using the transformation matrix that registers the pre- and intra-operative CTs. Howeve...

  2. A Study in Training Nursery Children on Logical Operational Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kincaid, Carolyn; And Others

    Piaget's organismic-developmental theory of intelligence was investigated in this study to determine the effectiveness of training middle class 3 and 4 year olds on two logico-mathematical structures: classification and seriation. Twenty-four children were divided into two main age groups (mean ages: 3 years 8 months; 4 years 5 months). Within…

  3. Technological and operational structure of the National Automatic Network for Environmental Radiological Monitoring (RENAMORA)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Comision Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias (CNSNS) in Mexico is a decentralized body, under the Secretaria de Energia whose main mission is to ensure that activities involving nuclear and radioactive materials as well as ionizing radiation sources are carried out with maximum security, considering the current technological developments. In order to monitor the levels of environmental radiation to which the population is exposed, the CNSNS has established a series of radiological monitoring programs that allow characterize the environmental radiation levels in each zone or region in the country; to identify the occurrence of natural or artificial radiological events, such as nuclear tests and accidents in radioactive or nuclear facilities. The National Automatic Network for Environmental Radiological Monitoring (RENAMORA) project was initiated with the support of the IAEA through MEX9/049 project and its purpose is to have a network of instruments that automatically and in real time, transmit information of the gamma radiological environmental status of the national territory and changes occurring in it. This network provides data such as the speed of ambient dose equivalent, temperature and humidity in different regions of the country. The network is composed of 92 stations that are distributed throughout the national territory. The structure of the stations has evolved since its inception, now allowing detection tasks, data transmission and managing them remotely from the main server, which is located in the CNSNS, which is performed a statistical dose for each monitoring station. Each monitoring station is formed in its current structure by a probe detection of gamma radiation, a communication module and associated electronics, a mini Web server DataGATE, a cellular modem and an interface converter. (Author)

  4. Model training curriculum for Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Facility Operations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tyner, C.J.; Birk, S.M.

    1995-09-01

    This document is to assist in the development of the training programs required to be in place for the operating license for a low-level radioactive waste disposal facility. It consists of an introductory document and four additional appendixes of individual training program curricula. This information will provide the starting point for the more detailed facility-specific training programs that will be developed as the facility hires and trains new personnel and begins operation. This document is comprehensive and is intended as a guide for the development of a company- or facility-specific program. The individual licensee does not need to use this model training curriculum as written. Instead, this document can be used as a menu for the development, modification, or verification of customized training programs.

  5. Model training curriculum for Low-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal Facility Operations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document is to assist in the development of the training programs required to be in place for the operating license for a low-level radioactive waste disposal facility. It consists of an introductory document and four additional appendixes of individual training program curricula. This information will provide the starting point for the more detailed facility-specific training programs that will be developed as the facility hires and trains new personnel and begins operation. This document is comprehensive and is intended as a guide for the development of a company- or facility-specific program. The individual licensee does not need to use this model training curriculum as written. Instead, this document can be used as a menu for the development, modification, or verification of customized training programs

  6. Conceptual Design of an Operator Training Simulator for a Bio-Ethanol Plant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inga Gerlach

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Conceptual design methodology for the configuration and procedural training with an operating training simulator (OTS in a large-scale plant for commercial bio-ethanol production is described. The aim of the study is to show how the methodology provides a powerful way for finding the best configuration and training structure of the OTS before constructing and implementing the software of the OTS. The OTS principle, i.e., to use a computer-based virtual representation of the real process plant intended for efficient training of process operators, has long since been applied in aviation and process industries for more efficient and flawless operations. By using the conceptual design methodology (sometimes referred to as bio-mechatronics a variety of OTS configurations with this capacity was generated. The systematic approach of for targeting the users’ (i.e., the plant management and process operators needs resulted in better understanding and efficiency in training of hands-on skills in operating the plant. The training included general standard operating procedures for running the plant under normal operation conditions with different starch materials, handling of typical frequent disturbances as well as acting in situations not described in the standard operation procedures and applying trouble-shooting.

  7. Analysis of training and certification of operations technicians at independent spent fuel storage installations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document presents the results of a task analysis and recommendations for the training and certification of operations technicians at independent spent fuel storage installations. Its purpose is to provide a technical basis for initial and continuation training for operations technicians at Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installations (ISFSIs). It also provides guidance for testing operations technicians to ensure that training objectives have been achieved. The recommended testing provides a basis for certification of ISFSI operators. The basis for this handbook was a task analysis conducted at the ISFSI at Morris, Illinois. Supervisors were interviewed and a preliminary job analysis was used to determine required operator skills. Training, safety and operating documents and checklists were reviewed and task inventory forms were developed with the help of ISFSI supervisors. Operations technicians were then interviewed and the task inventory forms filled out with information on task frequency, difficulty, hazard, time to complete and error potential. These data were analyzed to determine required operator skills and proficiency levels necessary for safe ISFSI operations. The training and testing for certification necessary to verify the skills and proficiency levels were inferred from the data base and the Morris operation records

  8. Conceptual Design of an Operator Training Simulator for a Bio-Ethanol Plant

    OpenAIRE

    Inga Gerlach; Volker C. Hass; Carl-Fredrik Mandenius

    2015-01-01

    Conceptual design methodology for the configuration and procedural training with an operating training simulator (OTS) in a large-scale plant for commercial bio-ethanol production is described. The aim of the study is to show how the methodology provides a powerful way for finding the best configuration and training structure of the OTS before constructing and implementing the software of the OTS. The OTS principle, i.e., to use a computer-based virtual representation of the real process plan...

  9. Elaboration and implementation of automatized management system of operating mode at La Hague reprocessing plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents the documentation system for operators conducting the new units for fuel reprocessing at La Hague plant. The aim of this system, called COGEMO, is to improve man-machine system reliability, by presenting in real time to operators the information required for efficiently operating the installation in any situation (start up), transients, incidents). Qualification is developed in two shops (a mechanical and a chemical unit) and will be extended to other units when they will be put into service

  10. Research on adjustment strategy of tracking interval of trains formation operation based on train-to-train communication%基于列车间直接通信的列车编队追踪间隔控制策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈启香

    2016-01-01

    为实现近来提出的列车编队运行方式,本文将现有列控系统结构进行调整,并对编队内部两列车追踪间隔控制策略进行研究。基于列控系统的基本结构,通过对其系统结构的改进,得出列车间直接通信与现有间接通信之间的冗余规则。同时针对编队内部列车间追踪间隔的控制,本文采用模糊控制方法,通过在车载计算机添加模糊控制模块,并在已设计好的模块中加入一个扰动进行仿真实验,得出自动调整策略能使列车在编队方式下高效运行,达到追踪运行稳态。%In order to achieve the recently proposed trains formation operation, This paper adjusts the existing structure of train operation control system, and researches on the automatic adjustment strategy for train tracking operation between two trains in the train formation. Taking general train operation control system as an example, this paper introduces the improved scheme about the system structure, and summarizes the redundant rule between the train-to-train direct communication and the existing communication. Fuzzy control is used to keep the tracking interval between two trains in the train formation, and also fuzzy control module is designed based on the on-board computer. It is added an artificial disturbance. The results show that the automatic adjustment strategy inside in the train formation can make the train operation efficiently and keep the train tracking in a steady state.

  11. Cognitive Behavioral Training and Education for Spaceflight Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moonmaw, Ronald

    2011-01-01

    Cognitive behavioral-training (CBT) is an evidence-based practice commonly used to help treat insomnia, and is part of NASA's countermeasure regimen for Fatigue Management. CBT addresses the life style and habits of individuals that are maladaptive to managing stress and fatigue. This includes addressing learned behavioral responses that may cause stress and lead to an increased sense of fatigue. While the initial cause of onset of fatigue in the individual may be no longer present, the perception and engrained anticipation of fatigue persist and cause an exaggerated state of tension. CBT combined with relaxation training allows the individual to unlearn the maladaptive beliefs and behaviors and replace them with routines and techniques that allow cognitive restructuring and resultant relief from stress. CBT allows for elimination in individuals of unwanted ruminating thoughts and anticipatory anxiety by, for example, training the individuals to practice stressful situations in a relaxed state. As a result of CBT, relaxation can be accomplished in many ways, such as progressive muscle relaxation, meditation and guided imagery. CBT is not therapy, but rather the synthesis of behavioral countermeasures. CBT utilizes progressive relaxation as a means of reinforcing educational and cognitive countermeasures. These countermeasures include: masking, elimination of distracting thoughts, anxiety control, split attention, cognitive restructuring and other advanced psychological techniques.

  12. Computer software design description for the Treated Effluent Disposal Facility (TEDF), Project L-045H, Operator Training Station (OTS)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Treated Effluent Disposal Facility (TEDF) Operator Training Station (OTS) is a computer-based training tool designed to aid plant operations and engineering staff in familiarizing themselves with the TEDF Central Control System (CCS)

  13. Water Treatment Plant Operation. Volume I. A Field Study Training Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    California State Univ., Sacramento. School of Engineering.

    The purpose of this water treatment field study training program is to: (1) develop new qualified water treatment plant operators; (2) expand the abilities of existing operators, permitting better service both to employers and public; and (3) prepare operators for civil service and certification examinations (examinations administered by…

  14. Water Treatment Plant Operation. Volume II. A Field Study Training Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    California State Univ., Sacramento. School of Engineering.

    The purpose of this water treatment field study training program is to: (1) develop new qualified water treatment plant operators; (2) expand the abilities of existing operators, permitting better service both to employers and public; and (3) prepare operators for civil service and certification examinations (examinations administered by…

  15. Water Treatment Plant Operation Volume 2. A Field Study Training Program. Revised.

    Science.gov (United States)

    California State Univ., Sacramento. School of Engineering.

    The purpose of this water treatment field study training program is to: (1) develop new qualified water treatment plant operators; (2) expand the abilities of existing operators, permitting better service both to employers and public; and (3) prepare operators for civil service and certification examinations (examinations administered by…

  16. 78 FR 76191 - Operational Tests and Inspections for Compliance With Maximum Authorized Train Speeds and Other...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-16

    ... also demonstrates the importance of operational testing that pertains to ensuring employee compliance... train, operating in a push-pull configuration (a control cab locomotive is both a passenger car, in that... highlights the need to remain vigilant in ensuring employee compliance with operational speed limits...

  17. Operation of Wastewater Treatment Plants. Volume 1. A Field Study Training Program. Third Edition. Revised.

    Science.gov (United States)

    California State Univ., Sacramento. Dept. of Civil Engineering.

    The purpose of this wastewater treatment field study training program is to: (1) develop new qualified wastewater treatment plant operators; (2) expand the abilities of existing operators, permitting better service both to employers and public; and (3) prepare operators for civil service and certification examinations (examinations administered by…

  18. 40 CFR 62.15105 - Who must complete the operator training course? By when?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... POLLUTANTS Federal Plan Requirements for Small Municipal Waste Combustion Units Constructed on or Before August 30, 1999 Good Combustion Practices: Operator Training § 62.15105 Who must complete the operator... 40 Protection of Environment 8 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Who must complete the operator...

  19. 40 CFR 60.1650 - Who must complete the operator training course? By when?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... and Compliance Times for Small Municipal Waste Combustion Units Constructed on or Before August 30, 1999 Model Rule-Good Combustion Practices: Operator Training § 60.1650 Who must complete the operator... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Who must complete the operator...

  20. Data acquisition system for TRIGA Mark I nuclear reactor and a proposal for its automatic operation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The TRIGA IPR-R1 Nuclear Research Reactor, located at the Nuclear Technology Development Center (CDTN/CNEN) in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, is being operated since 44 years ago. During these years the main operational parameters were monitored by analog recorders and counters located in the reactor control console. The most important operational parameters and data in the reactor logbook were registered by the reactor operators. This process is quite useful, but it can involve some human errors. It is also impossible for the operators to take notes of all variables involving the process mainly during fast power transients operations. A PC-based Data Acquisition was developed for the reactor that allows on line monitoring, through graphic interfaces, and shows operational parameters evolution to the operators. Some parameters that never were measured on line, like the thermal power and the coolant flow rate at the primary loop, are monitored now in the computer video monitor. The developed system allows measure out all parameters in a frequency up to 1 kHz. These data is also recorded in text files available for consults and analysis. (author)

  1. A Reconfigurable Simulation-Based Test System for Automatically Assessing Software Operating Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Jun-Ming; Lin, Huan-Yu

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, software operating skills, the ability in computer literacy to solve problems using specific software, has become much more important. A great deal of research has also proven that students' software operating skills can be efficiently improved by practicing customized virtual and simulated examinations. However, constructing…

  2. 40 CFR 60.2070 - What are the operator training and qualification requirements?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Performance for Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incineration Units for Which Construction Is Commenced... and maintenance of the incinerator and air pollution control devices. (vii) Actions to correct... this section. (c) Training must be obtained by completing an incinerator operator training course...

  3. An Algorithm for the Optimal Matching Speeds of Passenger and Freight Trains in Mixed Operations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    This paper models the calculation of the optimal matching speeds of passenger and freight trains with various stage control methods for speed in mixed operations, presents a algorithm for the solution and justifies it with a practical example.

  4. 40 CFR 60.2905 - What are the operator training and qualification requirements?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... control equipment and factors affecting performance (if applicable). (vi) Inspection and maintenance of... (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Operator Training..., and local regulations, including Occupational Safety and Health Administration workplace...

  5. A study on the effect of training interval on the use of computerized emergency operating procedures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The increase in complexity and the use of computerized displays in the control systems of nuclear power plants have brought new issues related to the training of operators, especially for emergency situations that are known to be very stressful. This study focuses on how the time interval between training sessions can affect the performance (operation time and error rate) of operators using computerized emergency operating procedures. Three levels of time interval (one week, two weeks, and four weeks) were examined. The results indicate significant influence of time interval on operation performance. In general, frequent training results in shorter operation time but not necessarily lower error rate. Learning and forgetting effects can be seen in the retraining process.

  6. RendezVous sensor for automatic guidance of transfer vehicles to ISS concept of the operational modes depending on actual optical and geometrical-dynamical conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moebius, Bettina G.; Kolk, Karl-Hermann

    2000-10-01

    Based on an ATV RendezVous Predevelopment Program initiated by ESTEC, an automatically operating Rendez Vous Sensor has been developed. The sensor--a Scanning Tele-Goniometer--shall guide docking and retreat of the European Automatic Transfer Vehicle as well as berthing and retreat of the Japanese H-II Transfer Vehicle. The sensor performance will be strongly connected with the properties of cooperative targets, consisting of an arrangement of retro reflectors mounted on ISS each.

  7. Post TMI nuclear power plant operator qualification and training practices in the United States

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear power plant operator qualification and training practices in the United States which have changed or may change as a result of the accident at Three Mile Island are discussed. First, the response of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission has been to develop a comprehensive plan designed to improve the operational safety of nuclear power facilities. This includes upgrading operator training, operator licensing examinations, shift staffing requirements and operator entry level qualifications. Secondly the U.S. National Voluntary Consensus Standards Response has included revisions of three standards in this area. Thirdly, the Research Response: the U.S. Department of Energy is funding research by the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO) in the area of operator qualification and training, including job and task analyses for the auxiliary operator, reactor operator, senior reactor operator, shift supervisor and shift technical advisor. Additionally research under the auspices of the USNRC in the areas of job/task analysis, nuclear power plant simulators, and the effects of shift work will be used to help establish optimal qualification and training requirements for nuclear power plant operators. (U.K.)

  8. A Bilevel Programming Model to Optimize Train Operation Based on Satisfaction for an Intercity Rail Line

    OpenAIRE

    Zhipeng Huang; Huimin Niu

    2014-01-01

    The passenger travel demands for intercity rail lines fluctuate obviously during different time periods, which makes the rail departments unable to establish an even train operation scheme. This paper considers an optimization problem for train operations which respond to passenger travel demands of different periods in intercity rail lines. A satisfactory function of passenger travelling is proposed by means of analyzing the passengers’ travel choice behavior and correlative influencing fact...

  9. The operating organization and the recruitment, training and qualification of personnel for research reactors. Safety guide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Safety Guide provides recommendations on meeting the requirements on the operating organization and on personnel for research reactors. It covers the typical operating organization for research reactor facilities; the recruitment process and qualification in terms of education, training and experience; programmes for initial and continuing training; the authorization process for those individuals having an immediate bearing on safety; and the processes for their requalification and reauthorization

  10. Unitary Joint Standoff Captive Air Training Missile avionics design through operational concepts and functional requirements analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Reilly, Dennis J., III

    1996-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. To accurately simulate the Unitary Joint Standoff (JSOW) weapon functions and provide pilots with the most realistic training, the captive air training missile (CATM) avionics design will fully implement well defined operational concepts and functional requirements in terms of flight simulation characteristics, operational functions, pilot feedback, and electronic interfaces. This would provide the Navy, Marines, and Air Force with a ...

  11. Myocardial Iron Loading Assessment by Automatic Left Ventricle Segmentation with Morphological Operations and Geodesic Active Contour on T2* images

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Yun-Gang; Ko, Jacky Kl; Shi, Lin; Guan, Yuefeng; Li, Linong; Qin, Jing; Heng, Pheng-Ann; Chu, Winnie Cw; Wang, Defeng

    2015-07-01

    Myocardial iron loading thalassemia patients could be identified using T2* magnetic resonance images (MRI). To quantitatively assess cardiac iron loading, we proposed an effective algorithm to segment aligned free induction decay sequential myocardium images based on morphological operations and geodesic active contour (GAC). Nine patients with thalassemia major were recruited (10 male and 16 female) to undergo a thoracic MRI scan in the short axis view. Free induction decay images were registered for T2* mapping. The GAC were utilized to segment aligned MR images with a robust initialization. Segmented myocardium regions were divided into sectors for a region-based quantification of cardiac iron loading. Our proposed automatic segmentation approach achieve a true positive rate at 84.6% and false positive rate at 53.8%. The area difference between manual and automatic segmentation was 25.5% after 1000 iterations. Results from T2* analysis indicated that regions with intensity lower than 20 ms were suffered from heavy iron loading in thalassemia major patients. The proposed method benefited from abundant edge information of the free induction decay sequential MRI. Experiment results demonstrated that the proposed method is feasible in myocardium segmentation and was clinically applicable to measure myocardium iron loading.

  12. IAEA Technical Co-operation activities: Asia and the Pacific. Workshop on training nuclear laboratory technicians

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The workshop was held to exchange information on existing facilities and programmes in Asia and the Pacific for training nuclear laboratory technicians, to identify future training needs and to assess the need for IAEA's involvement in this field. As the participants outlined the requirements for nuclear laboratory technician training and the facilities available in their respective countries, it became evident that, in addition to the training of radioisotope laboratory technicians, they also wished to review the need for technician training for the operation of nuclear power plants and industrial application of atomic energy. The terms of reference of the workshop were extended accordingly. The opening address by Chang Suk Lee, the Korean Vice Minister of Science and Technology, noted the valuable contribution to quality control and other industrial uses that nuclear techniques have made in his country. He also reviewed the application of nuclear techniques in Korean agriculture and medicine. The participants explored various forms of co-operation that could be established between countries of the region. Exchange programmes, not only for students but also for expert teachers, and the exchange or loan of equipment were suggested. It was felt that some generalized training courses could be organized on a regional basis, and two countries advocated the setting up of a regional training centre. One suggestion was to arrange regional training courses in special fields that would move from one country to another. The need was felt for periodic regional meetings on training methods, course content and other questions relating to training of laboratory technicians. The IAEA was requested to act as a clearinghouse for information on available training facilities in the region and to advise on the curricula for technician training courses. The Agency was also asked to organize short courses for the training of instructors of technicians in the various fields of atomic

  13. Guide to the selection, training, and licensing or certification of reprocessing plant operators. Volume I

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Code of Federal Regulations, Title 10, Part 55, establishes procedures and criteria for the licensing of operators, including senior operators, in ''Production and Utilization Facilities'', which includes plants for reprocessing irradiated fuel. A training guide is presented which will facilitate the licensing of operators for nuclear reprocessing plants by offering generalized descriptions of the basic principles (theory) and the unit operations (mechanics) employed in reprocessing spent fuels. In the present volume, details about the portions of a training program that are of major interest to management are presented

  14. Guide to the selection, training, and licensing or certification of reprocessing plant operators. Volume I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1976-06-01

    The Code of Federal Regulations, Title 10, Part 55, establishes procedures and criteria for the licensing of operators, including senior operators, in ''Production and Utilization Facilities'', which includes plants for reprocessing irradiated fuel. A training guide is presented which will facilitate the licensing of operators for nuclear reprocessing plants by offering generalized descriptions of the basic principles (theory) and the unit operations (mechanics) employed in reprocessing spent fuels. In the present volume, details about the portions of a training program that are of major interest to management are presented. (JSR)

  15. Microprocessor based automatic operation of ventilation system of solid storage surveillance facility, Tarapur (Paper No. 5.3)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Microprocessor based system is designed for continous operation of various components of ventilation system of Solid Storage Surveillance Facility (SSSF) like air compressors, exhaust blowers and supply blowers as per programmed logic. The logic was developed based on different requirements of the system such as selection of particular unit or combination of units on normal electrical supply and some critical equipments on emergency power supply. It also includes automatic switch-over to standby unit in case of failure as well as interlocking between different units with respect to safety related aspects of nuclear installations. Look up tables were prepared for different sub-systems considering all possible combinations of system parameters. By the look-up table approach, a very compact and flexible programme could be developed. With minor changes in software, it is possible to add or delete any sub-system. (author)

  16. An Buffer Overflow Automatic Detection MethodBased on Operation Semantic

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Dong-fan; LIU Lei

    2005-01-01

    Buffer overflow is the most dangerous attack method that can be exploited. According to the statistics of Computer Emergency Readiness Team(CERT), buffer overflow accounts for 50% of the current software vulnerabilities, and this ratio is going up. Considering a subset of C language, Mini C, this paper presents an abstract machine model that can realize buffer overflow detection, which is based on operation semantic. Thus the research on buffer overflow detection can be built on strict descriptions of operation semantic. Not only the correctness can be assured, but also the system can be realized and extended easily.

  17. Using virtual reality technology to include field operators in simulation and training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    By using virtual reality technology, field operators can be included in simulator training. A study has been performed where field operators could perform their activities in a virtual plant and communicate with a control room operator who was placed in a physical control room simulator. This paper describes the use of VR technology in the study and how the operators experienced interacting with the virtual plant. (author)

  18. An Optimization to Schedule Train Operations with Phase-Regular Framework for Intercity Rail Lines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huimin Niu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The most important operating problem for intercity rail lines, which are characterized with the train operations at rapid speed and high frequency, is to design a service-oriented schedule with the minimum cost. This paper proposes a phase-regular scheduling method which divides a day equally into several time blocks and applies a regular train-departing interval and the same train length for each period under the period-dependent demand conditions. A nonlinear mixed zero-one programming model, which could accurately calculate the passenger waiting time and the in-train crowded cost, is developed in this study. A hybrid genetic algorithm associated with the layered crossover and mutation operation is carefully designed to solve the proposed model. Finally, the effectiveness of the proposed model and algorithm is illustrated through the application to Hefei-Wuhan intercity rail line in China.

  19. Preparing Peacekeepers: An Analysis of the African Contingency Operations, Training, and Assistance Program Command and Staff Operational Skills Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karis, Daniel Gerald

    2010-01-01

    The United States (U.S.) response to events in Africa in the 1990s--warlords in Somalia, the genocide in Rwanda, the crisis in Burundi, and the destruction of the U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania--was the development of the African Crisis Response Initiative (ACRI) followed by the African Contingency Operations Training and Assistance (ACOTA)…

  20. OPERANT PROCEDURES IN REMEDIAL SPEECH AND LANGUAGE TRAINING.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MACAULAY, BARBARA D., ED.; SLOANE, HOWARD N., JR., ED.

    INTENDED FOR SPEECH THERAPISTS, THEACHERS OF THE MENTALLY RETARDED, AND OTHERS IN SPECIAL EDUCATION, THE COLLECTION CONTAINS REPORTS BY VARIOUS AUTHORS ON SPEECH AND LANGUAGE MODIFICATION ATTEMPTS THAT HAVE UTILIZED OPERANT CONDITIONING PROCEDURES, AS WELL AS SEVERAL PAPERS ON BACKGROUND TOPICS. BACKGROUND PAPERS ON TEACHING TREAT ENVIRONMENTAL…

  1. Search and Rescue Operations using a Fixed-Wing UAV Equipped with an Automatically Controlled Gimbal

    OpenAIRE

    Mathisen, Carl Magnus

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes the development of methods to be used in search and rescue operations when using fixed wing unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) with a controllable gimbal, including methods for using the gimbal in an object-tracking scenario. A complete payload system to be used on a wide range of different UAVs has been developed and thoroughly tested. The level of autonomy of the system reduces the need for onsite personnel, and encourages increased effort in the rescue part of the operati...

  2. A quantitative Kirkpatrick Level 1 and 2 study of equipment specialist apprentice operations training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, Dirk D.

    The primary purpose of the quantitative experimental study is to compare employee-learning outcomes for a course of study that is offered in two formats: explicit and tacit instructor led and explicit e-learning operations training. A Kirkpatrick Level 2 course examination is used to establish a pretest knowledge baseline and to measure posttest learning outcomes for each instructional format. A secondary purpose is to compare responses of the two groups using a Kirkpatrick Level 1 customer satisfaction index survey. Several authors reported the United States electric utility industry would have an employee attrition issue during the 2010 through 2015 period. This is at the same time the industry will be experiencing an increased demand for electricity. There now is a demand for highly training powerplant operators. A review of literature yielded few studies comparing instructor led training and e-based training. Though the Electric Power Research Institute stated the two training modes would be acceptable instruction, the organization did not develop a quantifiable justified recommendation as to the training. Subjects participated in a basic operations course and decided to take either the instructor led or e-based training course. Results of the study concluded that both instructor led and e-based training provided significant learning to the participants. The Kirkpatrick Level 1 results indicated significantly better results for instructor led training. There was not a significant difference in the Kirkpatrick Level 2 results between the two training modalities. Recommendation for future research include conducting a quantitative studies including a Phillips Level 5 study and qualitative studies including a more detailed examination of the customer satisfaction survey (Kirkpatrick Level 1).

  3. 29 CFR 1918.98 - Qualifications of machinery operators and supervisory training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    .... 12111-12117), the regulations implementing Title I (29 CFR Part 1630), and the Technical Assistance... 29 Labor 7 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Qualifications of machinery operators and supervisory... General Working Conditions. § 1918.98 Qualifications of machinery operators and supervisory training....

  4. Experience of Hungarian model project: 'Strengthening training for operational safety at Paks NPP'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Training of Operational Safety at Paks NPP is described including all the features of the project including namely: description of Paks NPP, its properties and performances; reasons for establishing Hungarian Model Project, its main goals, mentioning Hungarian and IAEA experts involved in the Project, its organization, operation, budget, current status together with its short term and long term impact

  5. Vocational Agriculture Training Program: Safe Tractor and Farm Machinery Operation. Special Paper No. 8. Second Revision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobbitt, Frank; Doss, Howard

    The publication was prepared for the United States Office of Education for use by teachers who direct agricultural training programs in safe tractor operation and safe farm machinery operation that comply with the United States Department of Labor regulations on hazardous occupations in agriculture. Upon successful completion of these training…

  6. SimSup's Loop: A Control Theory Approach to Spacecraft Operator Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owens, Brandon Dewain; Crocker, Alan R.

    2015-01-01

    Immersive simulation is a staple of training for many complex system operators, including astronauts and ground operators of spacecraft. However, while much has been written about simulators, simulation facilities, and operator certification programs, the topic of how one develops simulation scenarios to train a spacecraft operator is relatively understated in the literature. In this paper, an approach is presented for using control theory as the basis for developing the immersive simulation scenarios for a spacecraft operator training program. The operator is effectively modeled as a high level controller of lower level hardware and software control loops that affect a select set of system state variables. Simulation scenarios are derived from a STAMP-based hazard analysis of the operator's high and low level control loops. The immersive simulation aspect of the overall training program is characterized by selecting a set of scenarios that expose the operator to the various inadequate control actions that stem from control flaws and inadequate control executions in the different sections of the typical control loop. Results from the application of this approach to the Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) mission are provided through an analysis of the simulation scenarios used for operator training and the actual anomalies that occurred during the mission. The simulation scenarios and inflight anomalies are mapped to specific control flaws and inadequate control executions in the different sections of the typical control loop to illustrate the characteristics of anomalies arising from the different sections of the typical control loop (and why it is important for operators to have exposure to these characteristics). Additionally, similarities between the simulation scenarios and inflight anomalies are highlighted to make the case that the simulation scenarios prepared the operators for the mission.

  7. Use of simulators for the continuation training of nuclear propulsion plant operators in the Royal Navy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Royal Navy now operates 17 submarines which are powered by Pressurised Water Reactors. In the training of the operators of these Nuclear Propulsion Plants, computer simulation is used widely, and ranges from simple analogue devices which present the dynamic response of single plant parameters, through more complex hybrid computers which allow some operator interaction, to the real-time full simulation Manoeuvring Room Trainers. This paper provides information on the use of this latter equipment for the Continuation Training of the Manoeuvring Room Watchkeepers of the Royal Navy's nuclear powered submarines. (author)

  8. Development of a nuclear plant operator's thought model by the use of a training simulator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports on the method for developing an operator's thought model by the use of a training simulator that was investigated and the method which analyzes systematically the time series data of an operator's verbal protocol and behavior by putting them in order according to a fixed format has been proposed. The experiment by the use of the experimental fast breeder reactor JOYO training simulator was carried out and the experiment data was analyzed using the above method. An operator's thought model which is founded on hypothesis-based reasoning and very practical has been developed. Finally, how to apply it to the development of autonomous nuclear power plants was investigated

  9. Staffing of nuclear power plants and the recruitment, training and authorization of operating personnel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Safety Guide was prepared as part of Nuclear Safety Standards programme for establishing Codes and Safety Guides relating to nuclear power plants (NPP). It supplements Safety Series No. 50-C-O(Rev.1) ''Code on the Safety of Nuclear Power Plants: Operation''. The present version of this Guide is a revision which takes into account the developments, particularly in training practices, which have taken place since the first edition appeared in 1979. The objective of this Safety Guide is to outline various factors to be considered in order to ensure that the operating organization has a sufficient number of qualified and motivated personnel for the operation of NPP. The Guide covers the organization for a NPP, the requirements in terms of education and experience for the various members of the operating personnel to be recruited, the recruitment, the training and continuing training programmes, as well as the authorizations for persons whose duties have an immediate bearing on safety

  10. Automatic approach to stabilization and control for multi robot teams by multilayer network operator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diveev Askhat

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes a novel methodology for synthesis a high-level control of autonomous multi robot teams. The approach is based on multilayer network operator method that belongs to a symbolic regression class. Synthesis is accomplished in three steps: stabilizing robots about some given position in a state space, finding optimal trajectories of robots’ motion as sets of stabilizing points and then approximating all the points of optimal trajectories by some multi-dimensional function of state variables. The feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed approach is verified on simulations of the task of control synthesis for three mobile robots parking in the constrained space.

  11. Macro-FF: Improving AI Planning with Automatically Learned Macro-Operators

    CERN Document Server

    Botea, A; Mueller, M; Schaeffer, J; 10.1613/jair.1696

    2011-01-01

    Despite recent progress in AI planning, many benchmarks remain challenging for current planners. In many domains, the performance of a planner can greatly be improved by discovering and exploiting information about the domain structure that is not explicitly encoded in the initial PDDL formulation. In this paper we present and compare two automated methods that learn relevant information from previous experience in a domain and use it to solve new problem instances. Our methods share a common four-step strategy. First, a domain is analyzed and structural information is extracted, then macro-operators are generated based on the previously discovered structure. A filtering and ranking procedure selects the most useful macro-operators. Finally, the selected macros are used to speed up future searches. We have successfully used such an approach in the fourth international planning competition IPC-4. Our system, Macro-FF, extends Hoffmanns state-of-the-art planner FF 2.3 with support for two kinds of macro-operato...

  12. Agent-Based Automatic Shore Operating Scheduling for a Container Terminal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuan Zhou

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This  paper  established  berth  allocation  and  quay crane  scheduling  models  of  shore  operating  for  a  container terminal. Furthermore, the structure of the berth - quay crane scheduling   agent   is   also   given.  Finally,   an   example   using genetic  algorithm  to  resolve  the  berth  allocation  model  and agent  technology  is  shown. The  experiment result shows that the  use  of  intelligent theory  and  technology  can  provide  an effective way for  container terminal operating scheduling.

  13. TRAINING OF HUMAN OPERATORS IN CENTRE FOR PERSONNEL TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT OF NEW TECHNOLOGIES OF CNTEE "TRANSELECTRICA"-SA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RODEAN I.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Using new technologies to equipment maintenance have a number of advantages well known. By applying these technologies work will achieve significant increases economic efficiency only if applied properly. In this sense it must be adequately trained staff, both maintenance operators and operational operators. CNTEE "Transelectrica" SA, through its policy, proposes the use of new technologies and LW technologies (live working. To develop and promote LW technologies and new technologies, the Company promoted the foundation of a centre for the training of personnel and development of new technologies. The centre will aim to promote new technologies and prepare personnel for the correct application of new technologies in our company and to increase readiness and effectiveness of actions taken by its own staff and authorize them for LW and other technology. Also the Centre can attest companies and their services and technologies. This paper presents some aspects of the Centre and how personnel receive the training services for more effective implementation of these technologies.

  14. The Structured Operational Research and Training Initiative for public health programmes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramsay, A; Harries, A D; Zachariah, R; Bissell, K; Hinderaker, S G; Edginton, M; Enarson, D A; Satyanarayana, S; Kumar, A M V; Hoa, N B; Tweya, H; Reid, A J; Van den Bergh, R; Tayler-Smith, K; Manzi, M; Khogali, M; Kizito, W; Ali, E; Delaunois, P; Reeder, J C

    2014-06-21

    In 2009, the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (The Union) and Médecins sans Frontières Brussels-Luxembourg (MSF) began developing an outcome-oriented model for operational research training. In January 2013, The Union and MSF joined with the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR) at the World Health Organization (WHO) to form an initiative called the Structured Operational Research and Training Initiative (SORT IT). This integrates the training of public health programme staff with the conduct of operational research prioritised by their programme. SORT IT programmes consist of three one-week workshops over 9 months, with clearly-defined milestones and expected output. This paper describes the vision, objectives and structure of SORT IT programmes, including selection criteria for applicants, the research projects that can be undertaken within the time frame, the programme structure and milestones, mentorship, the monitoring and evaluation of the programmes and what happens beyond the programme in terms of further research, publications and the setting up of additional training programmes. There is a growing national and international need for operational research and related capacity building in public health. SORT IT aims to meet this need by advocating for the output-based model of operational research training for public health programme staff described here. It also aims to secure sustainable funding to expand training at a global and national level. Finally, it could act as an observatory to monitor and evaluate operational research in public health. Criteria for prospective partners wishing to join SORT IT have been drawn up. PMID:26399203

  15. Agent-Based Automatic Shore Operating Scheduling for a Container Terminal

    OpenAIRE

    Yuan Zhou; Nannan Yan

    2013-01-01

    This  paper  established  berth  allocation  and  quay crane  scheduling  models  of  shore  operating  for  a  container terminal. Furthermore, the structure of the berth - quay crane scheduling   agent   is   also   given.  Finally,   an   example   using genetic  algorithm  to  resolve  the  berth  allocation  model  and agent  technology  is  shown. The  experiment result shows that the  use  of  intelligent theory  and  technology  can  provide  an effective way for  container termina...

  16. Performance analysis of automatic generation control of interconnected power systems with delayed mode operation of area control error

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janardan Nanda

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This study presents automatic generation control (AGC of interconnected power systems comprising of two thermal and one hydro area having integral controllers. Emphasis is given to a delay in the area control error for the actuation of the supplementary controller and to examine its impact on the dynamic response against no delay which is usually the practice. Analysis is based on 50% loading condition in all the areas. The system performance is examined considering 1% step load perturbation. Results reveal that delayed mode operation provides a better system dynamic performance compared with that obtained without delay and has several distinct merits for the governor. The delay is linked with reduction in wear and tear of the secondary controller and hence increases the life of the governor. The controller gains are optimised by particle swarm optimisation. The performance of delayed mode operation of AGC at other loading conditions is also analysed. An attempt has also been made to find the impact of weights for different components in a cost function used to optimise the controller gains. A modified cost function having different weights for different components when used for controller gain optimisation improves the system performance.

  17. Resilience and Procedure Use in the Training of Nuclear Power Plant Operating Crews

    OpenAIRE

    Gustavsson, Pär

    2011-01-01

    Control room operating crews are a crucial component in maintaining the safety of nuclear power plants. The primary support to operators during disturbances or emergencies are numerous emergency operating procedures. Further support is provided by reoccurring crew training in which the crews practice on handling anticipated disturbances in full-scale simulators. Due to the complexity of nuclear power plants and the small number of previous accidents to learn from, every possible accident scen...

  18. Proceedings of the specialist meeting on operator aids for severe accidents management and training (SAMOA)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The SAMOA meeting, held in Halden (Norway) in 1993, presented 17 papers grouped into three sessions which titles are: operator aids for control rooms, operator aids for technical support centers, simulation tools for operator training. The specialist meeting also addressed the question of identification of information needs not covered by the instrumentation, examined means to perform phenomenological behaviour assessments needed to support station procedures, and discussed computational aids/methods for predicting accident progression and consequences

  19. Nuclear power plant simulators: their use in operator training and requalification

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jones, D.W.; Baer, D.K.; Francis, C.C.

    1980-07-01

    This report presents the results of a study performed for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to evaluate the capabilities and use of nuclear power plant simulators either built or being built by the US nuclear power industry; to determine the adequacy of existing standards for simulator design and for the training of power plant operators on simulators; and to assess the issues about simulator training programs raised by the March 28, 1979, accident at Three Mile Island Unit 2.

  20. Virtual reality in design, planning, operation and training related to the decommissioning of the Chernobyl NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Virtual Reality in refueling operation and maintenance training at Leningrad NPP has been recognized by Chernobyl NPP. Institute for Energy Technology's is establishing now the Chernobyl Decommissioning Visualization Centre to be used for planning and training the dismantling procedures in addition to presenting it to the authorities and the public. It will be ready in 2007. The first scenario will be the dismantling of the refueling machines

  1. Dynamic analysis of a high-speed train operating on a curved track with failed fasteners

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li ZHOU; Zhi-yun SHEN

    2013-01-01

    A high-speed train-track coupling dynamic model is used to investigate the dynamic behavior of a high-speed train operating on a curved track with failed fasteners.The model considers a high-speed train consisting of eight vehicles coupled with a ballasted track.The vehicle is modeled as a multi-body system,and the rail is modeled with a Timoshenko beam resting on the discrete sleepers.The vehicle model considers the effect of the end connections of the neighboring vehicles on the dynamic behavior.The track model takes into account the lateral,vertical,and torsional deformations of the rails and the effect of the discrete sleeper support on the coupling dynamics of the vehicles and the track.The sleepers are assumed to move backward at a constant speed to simulate the vehicle running along the track at the same speed.The train model couples with the track model by using a Hertzian contact model for the wheel/rail normal force calculation,and the nonlinear creep theory by Shen et al.(1984) is used for wheel/rail tangent force calculation.In the analysis,a curved track of 7000-m radius with failed fasteners is selected,and the effects of train operational speed and the number of failed fasteners on the dynamic behaviors of the train and the track are investigated in detail.Furthermore,the wheel/rail forces and derailment coefficient and the wheelset loading reduction are analyzed when the high-speed train passes over the curved track with the different number of continuously failed fasteners at different operational speeds.Through the detailed numerical analysis,it is found that the high-speed train can operate normally on the curved track of 7000-m radius at the speeds of 200 km/h to 350 km/h.

  2. Automatic identification of Cyclic Alternating Pattern (CAP) sequences based on the Teager Energy Operator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machado, Fátima; Sales, Francisco; Bento, Conceição; Dourado, António; Teixeira, César

    2015-01-01

    The Cyclic Alternating Pattern (CAP) is a periodic cerebral activity prevalent during Non-Rapid Eye Movement (NREM) sleep-stages. The CAP is composed by A-phases that are related to a change in amplitude, frequency or both from the background activity epochs, called B-phases. Depending on the type of increase the A-phase could be classified as A1, A2 or A3 subtype. This paper proposes the usage of the Teager Energy Operator (TEO) to analyze the amplitude changes in the different frequency-bands to detect A-phases subtypes. The TEO classification performance is compared with the performance of a state-of-the art EEG feature, applied previously for CAP scoring and referred as the macro-micro structure descriptor (MMSD). In general, the TEO is the best feature and the improved results were obtained in the delta band for the A1 and A2 sub-types. More precisely, a sensitivity and specificity of 80.31% and 82.93% were obtained for the A1 subtype, respectively. A2 phases were detected with 76.96% of sensitivity and 73.22% of specificity. The two features detected A3 subtype with approximately the same sensitivity (approx. 70%) and specificity (approx. 75%), however the results were improved by considering the highest frequency band. These results are consistent with the frequency content of the different sub-phases. PMID:26737517

  3. Automatic operation technologies adapted in No.3 hot strip mill at Chiba works; Chiba seitetsusho dai 3 netsuen kojo ni okeru jidoka mujinka gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshimura, H.; Kawase, T.; Maeda, I. [Kawasaki Steel Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-03-01

    Concept of automatic/unmanned operation at the Kawasaki Steel Chiba Works and the facilities concerned are introduced. The endeavor for the development of the automatic/unmanned operation technology was exerted with a motto `rolling work by three operators in one control room.` At the entry side, DHCR (Direct Hot Charge Rolling) material is taken in synchronously with the continuous caster and then inserted into the heating furnace. In the case of HCR (Hot Charge Rolling) or CCR (Cold Charge Rolling) material, positioning of the received slab, slab handling after the determination of the slab rolling order, and insertion into the heating furnace are carried out automatically. In the rolling process, in which no need of manual assistance is the target, the mill is fully equipped with sensors for detecting the distance between the rolling stands, and the like, and high precision has been achieved. In the control of mill pacing, automation has realized through close coordination between a strictly defined transfer prediction model, heating furnace combustion control, and coil yard operation. At the delivery side, the coiling process and the transfer of coils are accomplished automatically. 9 refs., 11 figs., 3 tabs.

  4. Safer nuclear power. Strengthening training for operational safety at Paks nuclear power plant - Hungary

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For a nuclear power plant, safety must always be paramount. There can be no compromise on safety to meet production targets or to reduce costs. For any reactor, and in particular where older type reactors are in place, their operational safety can be enhanced by upgrading the training of personnel responsible for operating and maintaining the plant. The Department of Technical Co-operation is sponsoring a programme with technical support from the Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Safety Departments to help improve facilities at the PAKS plant in Hungary and establish self sufficiency in training to the highest international standards for all levels of nuclear power plant manpower. The Model Project described will have a direct impact on the improvement of operational safety and performance at PAKS NPP. It will lead to a more efficient use of resources which in turn will result in lower electricity generation costs. The impact of the project is not expected to be limited to Hungary. WWER reactors are common in Eastern Europe and provide one third to one half of the electricity supply to the region. The training programmes and facilities at PAKS offer a possibility in the future to provide training to experts from other countries operating WWER units and serve as a model to be emulated. Slovakia and the Czech Republic have already expressed interest in using the PAKS experience

  5. An ergonomics study of computerized emergency operating procedures: Presentation style, task complexity, and training level

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Emergency operating procedures (EOPs) are widely used in nuclear power plants (NPPs). With the development of information technology, computerized EOPs are taking the place of paper-based ones. Unlike paper-based EOPs, the industrial practice of computerized EOPs is still quite limited. Ergonomics issues of computerized EOPs have not been studied adequately. This study focuses on the effects of EOP presentation style, task complexity, and training level on the performance of the operators in the execution of computerized EOPs. One simulated computerized EOP system was developed to present two EOPs, each with different task complexity levels, by two presentation styles (Style A: one- and two-dimensional flowcharts combination; Style B: two-dimensional flowchart and success logic tree combination). Forty subjects participated in the experiment of EOP execution using the simulated system. Statistical analysis of the experimental results indicates that: (1) complexity, presentation style, and training level all can significantly influence the error rate. High-complexity tasks and lack of sufficient training may lead to a higher error rate. Style B caused a significantly higher error rate than style A did in the skilled phase. So the designers of computerized procedures should take the presentation styles of EOPs into account. (2) Task complexity and training level can significantly influence operation time. No significant difference was found in operation time between the two presentation styles. (3) Training level can also significantly influence the subjective workload of EOPs operations. This implies that adequate training is very important for the performance of computerized EOPs even if emergency responses with computerized EOPs are much more simple and easy than that with paper-based EOPs

  6. Operational Impacts of Using Restricted Passenger Flow Assignment in High-Speed Train Stop Scheduling Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huiling Fu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available One key decision basis to the train stop scheduling process is the passenger flow assignment, that is, the estimated passengers’ travel path choices from origins to destinations. Many existing assignment approaches are stochastic in nature, which causes unbalanced problems such as low efficiency in train capacity occupancy or an irrational distribution of transfer passengers among stations. The purpose of this paper is to propose a train stop scheduling approach. It combines a passenger flow assignment procedure that routes passenger travel paths freely within a train network and is particularly capable of incorporating additional restrictions on generating travel paths that better resemble the rail planner’s purpose of utilizing capacity resources by introducing four criteria to define the feasibility of travel path used by a traveler. Our approach also aims at ensuring connectivity and rapidity, the two essential characteristics of train service increasingly required by modern high-speed rails. The effectiveness of our approach is tested using the Chinese high-speed rail network as a real-world example. It works well in finding a train stop schedule of good quality whose operational indicators dominate those of an existing stochastic approach. The paper concludes with a comprehensive operational impact analysis, further demonstrating the value of our proposed approach.

  7. GTRI Remote Monitoring System: Training and Operational Needs Assessment Analysis Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Day, Debra E.; Fox, Sorcha

    2012-04-20

    The mission of the United States Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administrations (NNSA's) Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) is to identify, secure, recover and facilitate the disposition of vulnerable nuclear and high-risk radioactive materials around the world that pose a threat to the United States and the international community. The GTRI's unique mission to reduce and protect vulnerable nuclear and radiological materials located at civilian sites worldwide directly addresses recommendations of the 9/11 Commission1, and is a vital part of the President's National Security Strategy and the Global Initiative. The GTRI Remote Monitoring System (RMS) is a standalone security system that includes radiation and tamper alarms, and CCTV; which can be transmitted securely over the Internet to multiple on-site and off-site locations. Through our experiences during installation of the system at 162 sites, plus feedback received from Alarm Response Training course participants, site input to project teams and analysis of trouble calls; indications were that current system training was lacking and inconsistent. A survey was undertaken to gather information from RMS users across the nation, to evaluate the current level of training and determine what if any improvements needed to be made. Additional questions were focused on the operation of the RMS software. The training survey was initially sent electronically to 245 users at the RMS sites and achieved a 37.6% return rate. Analysis of the resulting data revealed that 34.6% of the respondents had not received training or were unsure if they had, despite the fact that vendor engineers provide training at installation of the system. Any training received was referred to as minimal, and brief, not documented, and nothing in writing. 63.7% of respondents said they were either not at all prepared or only somewhat prepared to use the RMS software required to effectively operate the

  8. Energy Requirements of US Army Special Operation Forces During Military Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee M. Margolis

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Special Operations Forces (SOF regularly engage in physically demanding combat operations and field training exercises, resulting in high daily energy expenditure, and thus increased energy requirements. However, the majority of studies assessing energy requirements of SOF have been conducted on soldiers going through intense SOF initiation training. The objective of the current investigation was to determine the energy expenditure of SOF conducting military training operations. Thirty-one soldiers taking part in Pre-Mission Training (PMT n = 15 and Combat Diver Qualification Courses (CDQC n = 16 volunteered to participate in this observational study. Energy expenditure was determined using doubly labeled water. Body weight (83 ± 7 kg remained stable during both training periods. Overall energy expenditure adjusted for body composition was 17,606 ± 2326 kJ·day−1. Energy expenditure was 19,110 ± 1468 kJ·day−1 during CDQC and 16,334 ± 2180 kJ·day−1 during PMT, with physical activity levels of 2.6 ± 0.2 and 2.2 ± 0.3 during CDQC and PMT, respectively. Compared to the Military Dietary Reference Intakes for energy (13,598 kJ·day−1, these data are in agreement with previous reports that energy requirement for SOF Soldiers exceed that of the average soldier.

  9. Monthly radiation protection training of workers: An evaluation of two years operational practice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiation protection training and education is important in stimulating safety culture of occupationally exposed workers. Taking into account the mandatory requirements in relation to education and training a digital training tool was introduced for communication of personal dose results and regular information on radiation protection. This tool enables that personal dose reports are monthly sent to the individual mailbox of workers together with short comprehensive slideshows on radiation protection topics. After two years of operational practice a survey was organised to evaluate the training tool. The results show that the majority (92%) of the occupationally exposed workers are aware of the communication of personal dose results through e-mail. Furthermore, 81% of these workers are also aware of their monthly and cumulated dose level. The monthly information on radiation protection topics is however less consulted. Around 40% of the workers that noticed the link are indifferent to the monthly information. The interest in radiation protection issues increases however with the education level.

  10. Simulation and integrated testing of process models of PFBR operator training simulator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High fidelity full scope operator training simulators play key role in imparting plant related knowledge to the operating personnel in an effective way. It provides a platform for training the operators on normal and emergency conditions including all types of scenarios that would arise in any nuclear power plant. The scenario based training helps the plant operator to handle the crisis in an efficient manner with the ultimate goal of safe and efficient operation of the plant. This paper discusses about the general description of PFBR Operator Training Simulator, modeling and simulation of various process models, the complexities involved etc. It also covers the associated process logics, controls, display of alarms and indications, malfunctions and transient incidents related to each process model, integration with other sub systems, individual process model testing, integrated performance testing and verification and validation of models. Simulation of process models are broadly classified into two main categories namely, External Models - that are developed in-house and ported to the simulator environment and Internal Models - that are developed using Simulation Tool. External Models are tested on the desk top for intended functioning and after obtaining satisfactory results, the models are ported to the simulator base where in the Logical and Virtual Panel Model are built to represent a real system of the plant. Internal Models are built using the Simulation Tools and integrated with the External Models after testing. Combination of External and Internal Model represents the total plant and the performance testing is conducted in an Integrated Mode to qualify the Process Models for training purpose. (author)

  11. Training in process control: supporting performance in consideration of operator characteristics

    OpenAIRE

    Burkolter, Dina; Sauer, Jürgen; Manzey, Dietrich

    2010-01-01

    This doctoral thesis investigated how training can best support process control performance in consideration of individual differences, i.e. operator characteristics. Process control can be found in industries that control large chemical, energy or thermal processes and is highly safety-critical. The research question was approached through experimental studies conducted with a simulated process control task. Study I investigated the relationship between operator characteristics and process c...

  12. [SUPPORT, CO-OPERATIVE EDUCATION PROGRAMMES, PRAGMATIC CODE OF ETHICS: A CLINICAL APPROACH OF EXECUTIVE TRAINING].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabaret, Véronique

    2016-01-01

    This article aims at introducing an educational sequence completed at l'Institut de Formation des Cadres de Santé (IFCS) at the CHRU in Lille in France, entitled "training project and educational project" present in the "training duties" module whose goal is to generate students'knowledge through co-operative education programmes. By creating this innovative sequence, the educational aim is to use the Institut ground as a ground of learning, associated with the various internship grounds, in order to get the most of co-operative education programmes. Besides, in a pragmatic code of ethics in training, the teaching staff draw their inspiration from a clinical approach of executive training: they regard students as true protagonists in a co-operative plan created for them, wishing to design it with them using their words. Thus, students are brought to criticize the IFCS educational project and debate it with the trainers who have built it. Each partner tries to understand the Other, being aware of their being different. By contributing every year to rewriting the educational project which directly concerns them, students build their professional positions as health executives. They play an active role in co-operative education programmes just like IFCS outside partners. PMID:27305794

  13. 40 CFR 60.2635 - What are the operator training and qualification requirements?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... and Compliance Times for Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incineration Units that Commenced... performance (if applicable). (vi) Inspection and maintenance of the incinerator and air pollution control... incinerator operator training course that includes, at a minimum, the three elements described in...

  14. 40 CFR 62.14595 - What are the operator training and qualification requirements?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... POLLUTANTS Federal Plan Requirements for Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incineration Units That... control equipment and factors affecting performance (where applicable). (vi) Inspection and maintenance of... must be obtained by completing an incinerator operator training course that includes, at a minimum,...

  15. Staffing, recruitment, training, qualification and certification of operating personnel of nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Safety of public, occupational workers and the protection of environment should be assured while activities for economic and social progress are pursued. These activities include the establishment and utilisation of nuclear facilities and the use of radioactive sources. This safety guide provides guidance on the aspects of staffing, recruitment, training, qualification and certification of operating personnel of nuclear power plants

  16. Effects of Operant Discrimination Training on the Vocalizations of Nonverbal Children with Autism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lepper, Tracy L.; Petursdottir, Anna Ingeborg; Esch, Barbara E.

    2013-01-01

    We evaluated the effects of operant discrimination training (ODT) on the vocalizations of 3 boys with autism. We compared ODT to a stimulus-stimulus pairing (SSP) condition and a control condition in an adapted alternating-treatments design. ODT increased the target vocalizations of all participants compared to the control condition, and its…

  17. Knowledge model of trainee for training support system of plant operation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Furuhama, Yutaka; Furuta, Kazuo; Kondo, Shunsuke [Tokyo Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

    1996-10-01

    We have already proposed a knowledge model of a trainee, which model consists of two layers: hierarchical function and qualitative structure. We developed a method to generate normative operator knowledge based on this knowledge model structure, and to identify trainee`s intention by means of truth maintenance. The methods were tested by cognitive experiment using a prototype of training support system. (author)

  18. Entrepreneurship Education and Training Needs of Family Businesses Operating in the Agricultural Sector of India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandhu, Navjot; Hussain, Javed; Matlay, Harry

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the entrepreneurship education and training (EET) needs of small family businesses operating in the agricultural sector of the Indian economy. Design/methodology/approach: Quantitative and qualitative data were collected through a survey of 122 agricultural family firms in the Indian state of…

  19. MACHINE TOOL OPERATOR--GENERAL, ENTRY, SUGGESTED GUIDE FOR A TRAINING COURSE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    RONEY, MAURICE W.; AND OTHERS

    THE PURPOSE OF THIS CURRICULUM GUIDE IS TO ASSIST THE ADMINISTRATOR AND INSTRUCTOR IN PLANNING AND DEVELOPING MANPOWER DEVELOPMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAMS TO PREPARE MACHINE TOOL OPERATORS FOR ENTRY-LEVEL POSITIONS. THE COURSE OUTLINE PROVIDES UNITS IN -- (1) ORIENTATION, (2) BENCH WORK, (3) SHOP MATHEMATICS, (4) BLUEPRINT READING AND SKETCHING, (5)…

  20. Proceedings of a CSNI specialist meeting on operator training and qualifications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The contributions of this workshop are presenting and commenting the various organizations, regulations, processes, procedures, and requirements adopted, and some available facilities used in different countries (United Kingdom, Switzerland, Netherlands, Germany, Spain, United States, France) for the qualification definition, training, or licensing of the personnel involved in the operation of nuclear plants

  1. 40 CFR 60.1160 - Who must complete the operator training course? By when?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Who must complete the operator training... Performance for Small Municipal Waste Combustion Units for Which Construction is Commenced After August 30, 1999 or for Which Modification or Reconstruction is Commenced After June 6, 2001 Good...

  2. 77 FR 16718 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Naval Explosive Ordnance Disposal School Training Operations...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-22

    ... Coastal, rivers, and En D. (Trichechus manatus estuaries. latirostris). \\1\\ U.S. Endangered Species Act... receipt (75 FR 2490) in the Federal Register for the U.S. Air Force's NEODS training operations and... 1, 2010, NMFS published a proposed rule (75 FR 60694) in the Federal Register to authorize the...

  3. Operating Sound-Measuring Equipment. Module 1. Vocational Education Training in Environmental Health Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Consumer Dynamics Inc., Rockville, MD.

    This module, one of 25 on vocational education training for careers in environmental health occupations, contains self-instructional materials on operating sound-measuring equipment. Following guidelines for students and instructors and an introduction that explains what the student will learn are three lessons: (1) selecting decibel ranges,…

  4. Applied Virtual Reality in Reusable Launch Vehicle Design, Operations Development, and Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hale, Joseph P.

    1997-01-01

    Application of Virtual Reality (VR) technology offers much promise to enhance and accelerate the development of Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV) infrastructure and operations while simultaneously reducing developmental and operational costs. One of the primary cost areas in the RLV concept that is receiving special attention is maintenance and refurbishment operations. To produce and operate a cost effective RLV, turnaround cost must be minimized. Designing for maintainability is a necessary requirement in developing RLVs. VR can provide cost effective methods to design and evaluate components and systems for maintenance and refurbishment operations. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)/Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) is beginning to utilize VR for design, operations development, and design analysis for RLVs. A VR applications program has been under development at NASA/MSFC since 1989. The objectives of the MSFC VR Applications Program are to develop, assess, validate, and utilize VR in hardware development, operations development and support, mission operations training and science training. The NASA/MSFC VR capability has also been utilized in several applications. These include: 1) the assessment of the design of the late Space Station Freedom Payload Control Area (PCA), the control room from which onboard payload operations are managed; 2) a viewing analysis of the Tethered Satellite System's (TSS) "end-of-reel" tether marking options; 3) development of a virtual mockup of the International Space Welding Experiment for science viewing analyses from the Shuttle Remote Manipulator System elbow camera and as a trainer for ground controllers; and 4) teleoperations using VR. This presentation will give a general overview of the MSFC VR Applications Program and describe the use of VR in design analyses, operations development, and training for RLVs.

  5. 25 CFR 39.604 - Is there a separate weight for school board training at Bureau-operated schools?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Is there a separate weight for school board training at... INTERIOR EDUCATION THE INDIAN SCHOOL EQUALIZATION PROGRAM School Board Training Expenses § 39.604 Is there a separate weight for school board training at Bureau-operated schools? Yes. There is an ISEP...

  6. Virtual control desk for operators training: a case study for a nuclear power plant simulator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) is a facility for electrical energy generation. Because of its high degree of complexity and very rigid norms of security it is extremely necessary that operators are very well trained for the NPP operation. A mistaken operation by a human operator may cause a shutdown of the NPP, incurring in a huge economical damage for the owner and for the population in the case of a electric net black out. To reduce the possibility of a mistaken operation, the NPP usually have a full scope simulator of the plant's control room, which is the physical copy of the original control room. The control of this simulator is a computer program that can generate the equal functioning of the normal one or some scenarios of accidents to train the operators in many abnormal conditions of the plant. A physical copy of the control room has a high cost for its construction, not only of its facilities but also for its physical components. The proposal of this work is to present a project of a virtual simulator with the modeling in 3D stereo of a control room of a given nuclear plant with the same operation functions of the original simulator. This virtual simulator will have a lower cost and serves for pretraining of operators with the intention of making them familiar to the original control room. (author)

  7. Predators in training: operant conditioning of novel behavior in wild Burmese pythons (Python molurus bivitattus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emer, Sherri A; Mora, Cordula V; Harvey, Mark T; Grace, Michael S

    2015-01-01

    Large pythons and boas comprise a group of animals whose anatomy and physiology are very different from traditional mammalian, avian and other reptilian models typically used in operant conditioning. In the current study, investigators used a modified shaping procedure involving successive approximations to train wild Burmese pythons (Python molurus bivitattus) to approach and depress an illuminated push button in order to gain access to a food reward. Results show that these large, wild snakes can be trained to accept extremely small food items, associate a stimulus with such rewards via operant conditioning and perform a contingent operant response to gain access to a food reward. The shaping procedure produced robust responses and provides a mechanism for investigating complex behavioral phenomena in massive snakes that are rarely studied in learning research. PMID:25139000

  8. Investigation of the accuracy of simulator fidelty necessary for operator training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study is to determine the accuracy of simulator fidelity required for nuclear power plant operator training. Operator response data is needed to determine the degree of parameter variability necessary before the operators' mental model of the plant state changes. In order to have fidelity with the simulator environment but also have the required experimental control, the method involves use of small-scale simulation tests followed by qualification of the data in a full-scope simulator. The results will include parameter-specific error tolerances. This information will be used to provide a quantitative basis for the American National Standard that at present provides general, qualitative guidelines. The approach taken in this study may have applicability in other simulation environments in which decisions must be made regarding the functional fidelity of simulation necessary for training

  9. Operational performance of Swedish grid connected solar power plants. Automatic data collection; Driftuppfoeljning av svenska naetanslutna solcellsanlaeggningar. Automatisering av datainsamling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hedstroem, Jonas; Svensson, Stefan

    2006-09-15

    A performance database containing all grid-connected PV-systems in Sweden has been in operation since March 2002. The systems in the database are described in detail and energy production is continuously added in the form of monthly values. The energy production and the system descriptions are published on www.elforsk.se/solenergi. In august 2006 31 active systems were present in the database. As result of the Swedish subsidy program this number is expected to increase to over 100 systems in the next years. The new owners of PV-systems are obliged to report the produced electricity to the authorities at least once a year. In this work we have studied different means to simplify the collection of data. Four different methods are defined. 1. The conversion of readings from energy meters made at arbitrary distance in time into monthly values. 2. Methods to handle data obtained with the monitoring systems provided by different inverter manufactures. 3. Methods to acquire data from PV-systems with energy meters reporting to the green certificate system. 4. Commercial GSM/GPRS monitoring systems. The first method is the minimum level required by the authorities. The second and third methods are the use of equipments that are expected to be used by some PV-systems for other reasons. Method 4 gives a possibility to create a fully automatic collection method. The described GPRS-systems are expected to have an initial cost of roughly 4000 SEK and a yearly fee of 200 SEK (1 SEK {approx} 0.14 USD)

  10. Mercury Deposition Network Site Operator Training for the System Blank and Blind Audit Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wetherbee, Gregory A.; Lehmann, Christopher M.B.

    2008-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey operates the external quality assurance project for the National Atmospheric Deposition Program/Mercury Deposition Network. The project includes the system blank and blind audit programs for assessment of total mercury concentration data quality for wet-deposition samples. This presentation was prepared to train new site operators and to refresh experienced site operators to successfully process and submit system blank and blind audit samples for chemical analysis. Analytical results are used to estimate chemical stability and contamination levels of National Atmospheric Deposition Program/Mercury Deposition Network samples and to evaluate laboratory variability and bias.

  11. Dust Plume Modeling at Fort Bliss: Move-Out Operations, Combat Training and Wind Erosion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chapman, Elaine G.; Rishel, Jeremy P.; Rutz, Frederick C.; Seiple, Timothy E.; Newsom, Rob K.; Allwine, K Jerry

    2006-09-29

    The potential for air-quality impacts from heavy mechanized vehicles operating in the training ranges and on the unpaved main supply routes at Fort Bliss was investigated. This report details efforts by the staff of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the Fort Bliss Directorate of Environment in this investigation. Dust emission and dispersion from typical activities, including move outs and combat training, occurring on the installation were simulated using the atmospheric modeling system DUSTRAN. Major assumptions associated with designing specific modeling scenarios are summarized, and results from the simulations are presented.

  12. Development and Implementation of a New Physical Training Concept in the Norwegian Navy Special Operations Command.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solberg, Paul André; Paulsen, Gøran; Slaathaug, Ole Gunnar; Skare, Magnhild; Wood, Dallas; Huls, Shaun; Raastad, Truls

    2015-11-01

    A high level of physical fitness is one important factor for optimal performance in Special Operation Forces (SOF). Still, information about physical training for SOF operators is not easily accessible. This study aimed to implement and assess a new training concept in the Norwegian Navy SOF. A longitudinal study where 22 operators completed a 6-month linear periodization (LP), followed by a 6-month nonlinear periodization (NLP) program. Both protocols were block periodized, focusing on either strength or aerobic capacity. A battery of tests covering strength, endurance, power, mobility, and body composition was performed, and individual capacity analyses were established. A training week consisted of 5 to 6 sessions including 1 or 2 individualized sessions directed towards improving the weakest capacity. The LP had a clear effect on mobility (19 ± 9%), abdominal strength (25 ± 16%), upper body power (PowerUB; 6 ± 9%), standing long-jump (3 ± 6%), pull-ups (24 ± 31%), agility (2 ± 4%), V[Combining Dot Above]O2max (2 ± 3%), fat percent (-5 ± 31%), and muscle mass (1 ± 3%). The NLP increased abdominal strength (15 ± 17%), standing long-jump (3 ± 4%), and anaerobic capacity (10 ± 8%), whereas V[Combining Dot Above]O2 max (-3 ± 4%) and PowerUB (-2 ± 7%) decreased. Additional analyses showed clear increases among those individually instructed to improve strength. Results support the benefits of combined periodized programming and individualized training sessions among SOF operators with initially good fitness levels. Largest effects were observed in the first phase with the LP. However, subsequent NLP additionally increased anaerobic and jumping capacity, possibly due to more frequent muscular endurance and power training. Because of frequent interruptions, the LP tended to be more difficult to follow than the NLP and is suggested when continuity is possible, whereas an NLP is recommended for maintenance and when standing on national preparedness. PMID

  13. Exploration and Practice of Open Automatic Marking of Office Operations%Office操作题开放式自动阅卷的探索与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    符钰

    2012-01-01

    Open automatic marking of Office operations is always a difficult point in the design of examination system. This paper takes Word as the main object and explains how to achieve the function of open automatic marking of Office operations. First, we should classify specific Word operations and generate standard marking infornaation. Then we should use VB tools to inquire the VBA property value in the database which matches candidates' operation, program the field withina the information h'brary and a-chieve automatic questions setting and marking.%实现Office操作题的开放式自动阅卷一直是计算机考试系统设计中的一个技术难点。以Word为主要研究对象,详细阐述了如何实现Office操作题的开放式自动阅卷功能。首先对Word具体操作进行分类编号,生成系统标准阅卷信息。然后运用VB工具在数据库中查询与考生操作相匹配的VBA属性值,面向自动阅卷信息库中的字段进行编程,实现出题和阅卷的开放。

  14. Accumulation of operator workload data by using A-BWR training simulator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Human-machine interface (HMI) of A-BWR has been developed in order to improve operational safety, reliability and to reduce workload. A-BWR HMI is fully computerized. JNES (Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization) and BTC (BWR Operator Training Center Corporation) have accumulated the operator workload quantitative data, related to the observation and operation at typical transient conditions, in order to evaluate the difference of operational workloads between A-BWR HMI and conventional type HMI. The workload evaluation shows the following results: - The workload density (observation and operation frequencies per unit time) of ABWR just after the plant trip is less than that of BWR-5. - At stable conditions after the transient, the workload density of ABWR becomes higher comparing that of BWR-5. A-BWR alarm system may increase the workload density caused by alarm multi-layer structure, because an operator has to use the flat and/or the CRT display to pursue every alarm. The analysis of shift team training at BTC shows that total workload is reduced at ABWR but alarm confirmation work still remains as burden. These results show some modifications might be needed for future HMI. To grasp the tendency of operator workload difference by the control panel type difference, the operator workload quantitative data have accumulated using ABWR type simulator and conventional type simulator at the same typical transient condition. These data were arranged operation frequency data, number of alarm generating data and number of switching CRT pictures data according to plant behaviour. The ABWR type HMI's characteristic have become clear by these operator workload data and the team characteristic evaluation data which BTC evaluated comparing the team performance difference of HMI type

  15. 33 CFR 334.1170 - San Pablo Bay, Calif.; gunnery range, Naval Inshore Operations Training Center, Mare Island...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... range, Naval Inshore Operations Training Center, Mare Island, Vallejo. 334.1170 Section 334.1170... Operations Training Center, Mare Island, Vallejo. (a) The Danger Zone. A sector in San Pablo Bay delineated... regulations. The Commanding Officer, Coastal River Division Eleven, Department of the Navy, Mare...

  16. Battlefield tracheal intubation training using virtual simulation: a multi center operational assessment of video laryngoscope technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boedeker, Ben H; Boedeker, Kirsten A; Bernhagen, Mary A; Miller, David J; Lacy, Timothy

    2011-01-01

    Airway management is an essential skill in providing care in trauma situations. The video laryngoscope is a tool which offers improvement in teaching airway management skills and in managing airways of trauma patients on the far forward battlefield. An Operational Assessment (OA) of videolaryngoscope technology for medical training and airway management was conducted by the Center for Advanced Technology and Telemedicine (at the University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE) for the US Air Force Modernization Command to validate this technology in the provision of Out of OR airway management and airway management training in military simulation centers. The value for both the training and performance of intubations was highly rated and the majority of respondents indicated interest in having a video laryngoscope in their facility. PMID:21335763

  17. Recruitment training and licensing of operating personnel for nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article covers the step-by-step and most rigid recruitment, training, and licensing procedures undertaken in the selection for personnel involved in nuclear power plant operations. These procedures are true to all countries. However, for developing countries such as the Philippines, a bachelor's degree may be required as compared with the U.S. wherein a high school diploma is the minimum requirement. Because of the complexity of a nuclear facility, the work will require highly capable individuals with mature judgement who can render correct decisions even under highly stressed conditions. Thus during the selection and recruitment of applicants for the operator position, they are not only given aptitude tests but are also subjected to a series of psychological examintions. Once they are accepted, they are made to undergo a comprehensive and in-depth training to ensure that they will be capable of operating the nuclear power plant safely and effectively. Finally, those prospective operators have to pass licensing examinations in order to prove their competence and skills. Retraining programs follow after their training to maintain their skills. (RTD)

  18. Project Management Plan/Progress Report UT/GTKS Training Program Development for Commercial Building Operators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None, None

    2013-03-31

    Universidad del Turabo (UT), in a collaborative effort with Global Turn Key Services, Inc. (GTKS), proposed to develop a training program and a commercialization plan for the development of Commercial Building Operators (CBOs). The CBOs will operate energy efficient buildings to help maintain existing buildings up to their optimal energy performance level, and ensure that net-zero-energy buildings continuously operate at design specifications, thus helping achieve progress towards meeting BTP Strategic Goals of creating technologies and design approaches that enable net-zero-energy buildings at low incremental costs by 2025. The proposed objectives were then: (1) Develop a Commercial Building Operator (CBO) training program and accreditation that will in turn provide a certification to participants recognized by Accreditation Boards such as the North American Board of Certified Energy Practitioners (NABCEP) and Leadership in Energy & Environmental Designs (LEED). (2) Develop and implement a commercialization and sustainability plan that details marketing, deployment, financial characterization, job placement, and other goals required for long-term sustainability of the project after the funding period. (3) After program development and deployment, provide potential candidates with the knowledge and skill sets to obtain employment in the commercial building green energy (net-zero-energy building) job market. The developed CBO training program will focus on providing skills for participants, such as displaced and unemployed workers, to enter the commercial building green energy (net-zeroenergy building) job market. This course was designed to allow a participant with minimal to no experience in commercial building green technology to obtain the required skill sets to enter the job market in as little as 12 weeks of intensive multi-faceted learning. After completion of the course, the CBO staff concluded the participant will meet minimum established accreditation

  19. Establishment of Oversea HRD Network and Operation of International Nuclear Education/Training Program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The project deals with establishment of international network for human resources and the development of international nuclear education and training programs. The primary result is the establishment of KAERI International Nuclear R and D Academy as a new activity on cooperation for human resource development and building network. For this purpose, KAERI concluded the MOU with Vietnamese Universities and selected 3 students to provide Master and Ph. D. Courses in 2008. KAERI also held the 3rd World Nuclear University Summer Institute, in which some 150 international nuclear professionals attended for 6 weeks. Also, as part of regional networking, the Asian Network for Education in Nuclear Technology (ANENT) was promoted through development of a cyber platform and accomplishment the first IAEA e-training course. There were 3 kind of development activities for the international cooperation of human resources development. Firstly, the project provided training courses on nuclear energy development for the Egyptian Nuclear personnel under the bilateral cooperation. Secondly, the project published the English textbook and its lecture materials on introduction to nuclear engineering and fundamentals on OPR 1000 system technology. Lastly, the project developed a new KOICA training course on research reactor and radioisotope application technology to expand the KOICA sponsorship from 2008. The international nuclear education/training program had offered 15 courses to 314 people from 52 countries. In parallel, the project developed 11 kinds of lecturer materials and also developed 29 kinds of cyber lecturer materials. The operation of the International Nuclear Training and Education Center (INTEC) has contributed remarkably not only to the effective implementation of education/training activities of this project, but also to the promotion of other domestic and international activities of KAERI and other organizations

  20. Determination method of load balance ranges for train operation safety under strong wind

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田红旗

    2015-01-01

    The aerodynamic performances of a passenger car and a box car with different heights of windbreak walls under strong wind were studied using the numerical simulations, and the changes of aerodynamic side force, lift force and overturning moment with different wind speeds and wall heights were calculated. According to the principle of static moment balance of vehicles, the overturning coefficients of trains with different wind speeds and wall heights were obtained. Based on the influence of wind speed and wall height on the aerodynamic performance and the overturning stability of trains, a method of determination of the load balance ranges for the train operation safety was proposed, which made the overturning coefficient have nearly closed interval. A min(|A1|+|A2|), s.t.|A1|→|A2|(A1 refers to the downwind overturning coefficient and A2 refers to the upwind overturning coefficient) was found. This minimum value helps to lower the wall height as much as possible, and meanwhile, guarantees the operation safety of various types of trains under strong wind. This method has been used for the construction and improvement of the windbreak walls along the Lanzhou–Xinjiang railway (from Lanzhou to Urumqi, China).

  1. Final examination of trainees for nuclear power plant operators at an education and training centre

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    General and specialized theoretical training, on-the-job training in the training power plant and simulator training is followed by a final examination. The examination which is obligatory for all trainees is conceived according to Hick's law which requires linear dependence between the time which the operator needs for taking a decision on how to cope with a certain situation and the measure of entropy of the situation. Research in the field of man-machine relations has helped clarify the thinking of the operator who on the basis of received signals forms what is termed the conceptual model of the situation. The final examination should assess the trainee's ability to form conceptual models - the examination must therefore be something more than just a test of knowledge. The given questions and required answers must create a stress situation for the examinee such that the measure to which he is able to cope is conditioned by his ability to form conceptual models. The statutes of the final examinations were drawn up with the aim of achieving standardization and reproducibility. Questions are put through a special form (a model form is also given). (A.K.)

  2. Baseline burnout symptoms predict visuospatial executive function during survival school training in special operations military personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Charles A; Russell, Bartlett; McNeil, Jeff; Maxwell, Jeff; Snyder, Peter J; Southwick, Steven M; Pietrzak, Robert H

    2011-05-01

    Burnout symptoms, which are characterized by exhaustion, cynicism, and a reduced sense of professional efficacy, may deleteriously affect cognitive function in military personnel. A total of 32 U.S. Military Special Operations personnel enrolled in Survival School completed measures of trauma history, dissociation, and burnout before training. They then completed the Groton Maze Learning Test (GMLT), a neuropsychological measure of integrative visuospatial executive function during three field-based phases of Survival School-enemy evasion, captivity/interrogation, and escape/release from captivity. Lower pre-training perceptions of professional efficacy were associated with reduced executive function during all of the field-based phases of Survival School, even after adjustment for years of education, cynicism, and baseline GMLT scores. Magnitudes of decrements in executive function in Marines with low efficacy relative to those with high efficacy increased as training progressed and ranged from .58 during enemy evasion to .99 during escape/release from captivity. Pre-training perceptions of burnout may predict visuospatial executive function during naturalistic training-related stress in military personnel. Assessment of burnout symptoms, particularly perceptions of professional efficacy, may help identify military personnel at risk for stress-related executive dysfunction. PMID:21466738

  3. Simulation of the Syrian miniature neutron source reactor for training operators on the analysis of its anticipated operational accidents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For the purpose of training operators and other educational aspects, a mathematical model capable of assessing potential accidents and safety implications of the research Miniature Neutron Source Reactor (MNSR) has been developed. The model considers relevant physical phenomena that govern the core such as reactor kinetics, reactivity feedbacks due to coolant temperature and xenon, and thermal hydraulics. Natural convection and point kinetics including the prompt jump and complete mixing approximations were employed. Peak power, reactivity core load, core outlet temperature, and other variables are predicted during self-limiting power excursions. Compared to related references, close results have been obtained. The simulating model proves to be a useful tool to train operators and students to assess qualitatively the transient behaviour of the MNSR as a result of sudden reactivity insertion in the core. In addition, the model was utilized to verify some of the design basis accidents already presented in both the Safety Analysis Report (SAR) and the Commissioning Report (CR) of the reactor. Furthermore, the dynamic model generates other core variables that are of interest to update the SAR on one side, and confirms others measured and reported in the CR

  4. Simulation of the Syrian Miniature Neutron Source Reactor for training operators on the analysis of its anticipated operational accidents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For the purpose of training operators and other educational aspects, a mathematical model capable of assessing potential accidents and safety implications of the research Miniature Neutron Source Reactor (MNSR) has been developed. The model considers relevant physical phenomena that govern the core such as reactor kinetics, reactivity feed-backs due to coolant temperature and xenon, and thermal hydraulics. Natural convection and point kinetics including the prompt jump and complete mixing approximations were employed. Peak power, reactivity core load, core outlet temperature, and other variables are predicted during self-limiting power excursions. Compared to related references, close results have been obtained. The simulating model proves to be a useful tool to train operators and students to assess qualitatively the transient behaviour of the MNSR as a result of sudden reactivity insertion in the core. In addition, the model was utilized to verify some of the design basis accidents already presented in both the Safety Analysis Report (SAR) and the Commissioning Report (CR) of the reactor, as can be seen in Table 1. Furthermore, the dynamic model generates other core variables that are of interest to update the SAR on one side, and confirms others measured and reported in the CR. (author)

  5. Quality assurance/quality control training for plant operation and maintenance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the most important tasks during the period of plant operation is to ensure the effectiveness of the information links inside the utility and the nuclear industry. To make use of all information, experience and knowledge as well as to make sure that instructions are followed, it is necessary to provide rules, instructions and training for all people involved. QA/QC-training for plant operation and maintenance must deliver a consciousness of men in a way that e.g. instructions or procedures are followed strictly, the management is informed about deviations and mistakes, alterations are carried out with approval only, safety systems are kept integer all the time and interfaces are linked together properly. By means of examples about staff organization, control room and shift rules, work permit procedures and use of an information feedback system QA measures shall be demonstrated. (orig.)

  6. Ludwig: A Training Simulator of the Safety Operation of a CANDU Reactor

    OpenAIRE

    Gustavo Boroni; Alejandro Clausse

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents the application Ludwig designed to train operators of a CANDU Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) by means of a computer control panel that simulates the response of the evolution of the physical variables of the plant under normal transients. The model includes a close set of equations representing the principal components of a CANDU NPP plant, a nodalized primary circuit, core, pressurizer, and steam generators. The design of the application was performed using the object-oriented...

  7. Artificial neural network based on SQUIDs: demonstration of network training and operation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We propose a scheme for the realization of artificial neural networks based on superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs). In order to demonstrate the operation of this scheme we designed and successfully tested a small network that implements an XOR gate and is trained by means of examples. The proposed scheme can be particularly convenient as support for superconducting applications such as detectors for astrophysics, high energy experiments, medicine imaging and so on. (paper)

  8. Automated training system simulating charging machine operation for repair personnel education at NPPs with WWER-1000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An automated training system (ATS) used as a full-scale simulator of real fuel charging machine (CM) for the WWER-1000 reactor in the process of repair personnel education is described. The main ATS specific features are the presence of one, but not three monitors and accelerated operation regime. CM consol is imaged on PC display and images of three pseudomonitors are simulated in the following combinations: alphanumerical and TV monitors; alphanumerical and graphic ones

  9. Qualification requirements and training programs for nonreactor nuclear facility personnel in the Operations Division of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document describes the program for training, retraining, and qualification of nonreactor nuclear operators in the Operations Division of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The objective of the program is to provide the Operators and Supervisors of nuclear facilities the knowledge and skills needed to perform assigned duties in a safe and efficient manner and to comply with US Department of Energy Order 5480.1A Chapter V. This order requires DOE nuclear facilities to maintain formal training programs for their operating staff and documentation of that training

  10. Guidebook on training to establish and maintain the qualification and competence of nuclear power plant operations personnel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since the IAEA published its Guidebook on the Qualification of Nuclear Power Plant Operations Personnel in 1984 (Technical Reports Series 242) there have been important developments in the approach to training adopted by many operating organizations in different countries. It is now accepted that developing training programmes based solely on experience is inappropriate for the nuclear power industry, and that a systematic approach to training is necessary. It has been recognized that inadequate knowledge and skills may lead to human errors, and it is therefore necessary to review and improve the development and implementation of initial and continuing training programmes. The present Guidebook proposes an approach which is comprehensive and systematic in its methodology and also cost effective in its implementation. This Guidebook is mainly intended for management and training staff of nuclear power plant operating organizations. Relevant examples of current training practices are presented in the Appendices, which constitute an integral part of the Guidebook. (author)

  11. Guidebook on training to establish and maintain the qualification and competence of nuclear power plant operations personnel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since the IAEA published its Guidebook on the Qualification of Nuclear Power Plant Operations Personnel in 1984 (Technical Reports Series 242) there have been important developments in the approach to training adopted by many operating organizations in different countries. It is now accepted that developing training programmes based solely on experience is inappropriate for the nuclear power industry, and that a systematic approach to training is necessary. It has been recognized that inadequate knowledge and skills may lead to human errors, and it is therefore necessary to review and improve the development and implementation of initial and continuing training programmes. The present Guidebook proposes an approach which is comprehensive and systematic in its methodology and also cost effective in its implementation. This Guidebook is mainly intended for management and training staff of nuclear power plant operating organizations. Relevant examples of current training practices are presented in the Appendices, which constitute an integral part of the Guidebook. Refs, figs and tabs

  12. Guidebook on training to establish and maintain the qualification and competence of nuclear power plant operations personnel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since the IAEA published its Guidebook on the Qualification of Nuclear Power Plant Operations Personnel in 1984 (Technical Reports Series 242) there have been important developments in the approach to training adopted by many operating organizations in different countries. It is now accepted that developing training programmes based solely on experience is inappropriate for the nuclear power industry, and that a systematic approach to training is necessary. It has been recognized that inadequate knowledge and skills may lead to human errors, and it is therefore necessary to review and improve the development and implementation of initial and continuing training programmes. The present Guidebook proposes an approach which is comprehensive and systematic in its methodology and also cost effective in its implementation. This Guidebook is mainly intended for management and training staff of nuclear power plant operating organizations. Relevant examples of current training practices are presented in the Appendices, which constitute an integral part of the Guidebook. Ref, figs and tabs

  13. A Bilevel Programming Model to Optimize Train Operation Based on Satisfaction for an Intercity Rail Line

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhipeng Huang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The passenger travel demands for intercity rail lines fluctuate obviously during different time periods, which makes the rail departments unable to establish an even train operation scheme. This paper considers an optimization problem for train operations which respond to passenger travel demands of different periods in intercity rail lines. A satisfactory function of passenger travelling is proposed by means of analyzing the passengers’ travel choice behavior and correlative influencing factors. On this basis, the paper formulates a bilevel programming model which maximizes interests of railway enterprises and travelling satisfaction of each passenger. The trains operation in different periods can be optimized through upper layer planning of the model, while considering the passenger flow distribution problem based on the Wardrop user equilibrium principle in the lower layer planning. Then, a genetic algorithm is designed according to model features for solving the upper laying. The Frank-Wolfe algorithm is used for solving the lower layer planning. Finally, a numerical example is provided to demonstrate the application of the method proposed in this paper.

  14. Flying SATS Higher Volume Operations: Training, Lessons Learned, and Pilots' Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conway, Sheila; Williams, Dan; Adams, Catherine; Consiglio, Maria; Murdoch, Jennifer

    2005-01-01

    Developments in aviation, including new surveillance technologies and quicker, more economical small aircraft, have been identified as driving factors in a potential expansion of the use of non-towered, non-radar airports. The Small Aircraft Transportation System (SATS) project has developed the Higher Volume Operations (HVO) concept that enables pilots to safely arrive and depart these airports in instrument conditions at an increased rate as compared to today's procedures. This is achieved by transferring some traffic management tasks to centralized, ground-based automation, while assigning others to participating pilots aided by on-board tools. This paper describes strategies and lessons learned while training pilots to fly these innovative operations. Pilot approaches to using the experimental displays and dynamic altering systems during training are discussed. Potential operational benefits as well as pit-falls and frustrations expressed by subjects while learning to fly these new procedures are presented. Generally, pilots were comfortable with the procedures and the training process, and expressed interest in its near-term implementation.

  15. The Implementation of Automatic Fire Rescuing and Information System in a Train using Zigbee and Sensors Networks.

    OpenAIRE

    Manoj Kumar Tyagi#1, Balanagu.Raviteja

    2013-01-01

    The demand for railway service, have consistently increasing in the last two decades. As a result, more strict safety requirements for railway signaling, control and infrastructure are needed. Same as railway service, in recent years, wireless technology have also advanced rapidly. Especially in this paper we are implementing a zigbee and sensor based information and rescuing system in a train to alert the authorities about the fire accident occurred. Zigbee and sensor network both are effect...

  16. Techniques for incorporating operator expertise into intelligent decision aids and training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of this work is to evaluate the potential for developing a complete model for training novices based upon a combination of rules for operation, and heuristics for application of the rules. The method used to investigate this potential is based upon the experimental evaluation of the response tree expert system. The present study used the low pressure injection system (LPIS) simulation developed for the response tree expert system evaluation, so that the rules of operation were already developed, and only the expert heuristics needed to be identified. The heuristics were abstracted from concurrent and recall protocols, taken from expert operators while attempting to solve transients on the LPIS, using protocol analysis techniques previously developed. This paper describes the experiment, and identifies the mental processes used by expert operators

  17. Development of the operator training system using computer graphics. Pt. 1. Defining the system configuration and developing basic techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Efficient and concurrent operator training seems to be crucial in near future because of an increase in operators to be trained due to generation alternations. Ever developed Man -Machine-Simulator (MMS) has several merits: (1) Operators' cognitive and behavioral activities among team in emergency could be simulated based on the concurrent mental model; (2) Simulated scenarios could be expanded to multiple malfunctions events, to all of which procedures could not be stipulated previously, (3) Standard behavior in coping with anomalies including communication and operations could be presented. This paper describes the development of an operator training system by applying this MMS. Three dimensional computer graphics (3D-CG) was adopted for improving the training effects and attracting operators' interest by visually presenting realistic operating team behavior in the main control room. Towards the completion of the operator training system, following designs of system configuration and developments of several basic techniques were availed: (1) Imaging the utilization of the operator training system, functions to be equipped and system configurations for realizing functions were determined. And three of scenarios were chosen in order to appeal the merits of the MMS and to raise training effects. (2) Knowledge base was completed to execute simulations. And connection between operator team model and plant simulator, that is the 2nd generation type simulator of the BTC -4, was executed to obtain simulation results (time sequential log data of plant dynamics and operating team behavior). (3) Operator's actions seen in VCR tapes in real training were classified for eighteen kinds of fundamental categories and those fundamental actions were modeled on 3D-CG using the People Shop software. The 3D-CG of main control panel was prepared using Multi Gen software. (author)

  18. Session summaries - Session 1: operator aids for control rooms; Session 2: operator aids for technical support centres; session 3: simulation tools for operator training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Session 1 (Operator aids for control rooms) dealt with calculational aids the mission of which is to assist the operator in the control room to prevent and mitigate severe accidents. Rather than to report on experience with implemented systems, all papers presented during the sessions described either systems under development, or related research activities. The R and D activities reported at the meeting covered theoretical studies (in Russia), signal validation (at the OECD Halden Project), and the activities sponsored by the European Commission. Actual systems developed in Russia, in Korea and at the Halden Project were also described. In all, seven papers were presented during the session. The eight papers presented in Session 2 (Operator Aids for Technical Support Centres) covered a broad range of methodologies, computational tools and guidelines for use in the TSCs and by emergency teams in different countries. The presentations and discussions covered approaches and practices in the following countries: France, Belgium, US, Spain and Japan; utilities, designers (reactor vendors) and safety authorities points of view were presented. From the presentations it became clear that development and implementation of Severe Accident Management Guidelines are in progress in several OECD Member countries. As an example, all plants in the US are committed to implementation of SAMGs, and it is expected that by the end of 1998 plant specific SAMGs will be implemented at all US plants. Five papers were presented in Session 3 devoted to Simulation Tools for Operator Training. The first paper (EDF - France) discussed some issues related to operator training for Severe Accident situations; after recalling the main conclusions of the report issued by the SESAM group (Senior Group of Experts on Severe Accident Management), it is noticed that training for Severe Accident Scenarios was considered beneficial but lagging behind implementation of SAM programs. The second paper

  19. Severe accident management (SAM), operator training and instrumentation capabilities - Summary and conclusions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Workshop on Operator Training for Severe Accident Management (SAM) and Instrumentation Capabilities During Severe Accidents was organised in collaboration with Electricite de France (Service Etudes et Projets Thermiques et Nucleaires). There were 34 participants, representing thirteen OECD Member countries, the Russian Federation and the OECD/NEA. Almost half the participants represented utilities. The second largest group was regulatory authorities and their technical support organisations. Basically, the Workshop was a follow-up to the 1997 Second Specialist Meeting on Operator Aids for Severe Accident Management (SAMOA-2) [Reports NEA/CSNI/R(97)10 and 27] and to the 1992 Specialist Meeting on Instrumentation to Manage Severe Accidents [Reports NEA/CSNI/R(92)11 and (93)3]. It was aimed at sharing and comparing progress made and experience gained from these two meetings, emphasizing practical lessons learnt during training or incidents as well as feedback from instrumentation capability assessment. The objectives of the Workshop were therefore: - to exchange information on recent and current activities in the area of operator training for SAM, and lessons learnt during the management of real incidents ('operator' is defined hear as all personnel involved in SAM); - to compare capabilities and use of instrumentation available during severe accidents; - to monitor progress made; - to identify and discuss differences between approaches relevant to reactor safety; - and to make recommendations to the Working Group on the Analysis and Management of Accidents and the CSNI (GAMA). The Workshop was organised into five sessions: - 1: Introduction; - 2: Tools and Methods; - 3: Training Programmes and Experience; - 4: SAM Organisation Efficiency; - 5: Instrumentation Capabilities. It was concluded by a Panel and General Discussion. This report presents the summary and conclusions: the meeting confirmed that only limited information is needed for making required decisions

  20. The Final Count Down: A Review of Three Decades of Flight Controller Training Methods for Space Shuttle Mission Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dittermore, Gary; Bertels, Christie

    2011-01-01

    Operations of human spaceflight systems is extremely complex; therefore, the training and certification of operations personnel is a critical piece of ensuring mission success. Mission Control Center (MCC-H), at the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas, manages mission operations for the Space Shuttle Program, including the training and certification of the astronauts and flight control teams. An overview of a flight control team s makeup and responsibilities during a flight, and details on how those teams are trained and certified, reveals that while the training methodology for developing flight controllers has evolved significantly over the last thirty years the core goals and competencies have remained the same. In addition, the facilities and tools used in the control center have evolved. Changes in methodology and tools have been driven by many factors, including lessons learned, technology, shuttle accidents, shifts in risk posture, and generational differences. Flight controllers share their experiences in training and operating the space shuttle. The primary training method throughout the program has been mission simulations of the orbit, ascent, and entry phases, to truly train like you fly. A review of lessons learned from flight controller training suggests how they could be applied to future human spaceflight endeavors, including missions to the moon or to Mars. The lessons learned from operating the space shuttle for over thirty years will help the space industry build the next human transport space vehicle.

  1. Computer analysers of WWER - an effective means for training and operational analyses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A portable interactive graphic nuclear plant analyzer EGP-NPA developed by the Bulgarian Institute Energoproekt (EGP), Sofia, is described. It is operational on an IBM RISC 6000 workstation and uses UNIX OS, graphical environment AIX11 and RELAP/MOD3 computer code for thermohydraulic calculations. The visualization module can be connected to other computer programs (e.g. for reactor kinetics calculation, severe accident management, etc.). The EGP-NPA is independent from unit type. The geometry and functional parameters are set as input data for particular program, and the graphical display is user-defined. The advantage over full-scale training simulators is that the EGP-NPA is intended mainly for engineers and managers, as it reflects in depth the complicated processes during normal and accidental conditions. It is based on precise physical models of phenomena, reflects the specific unit behaviour, allows to extract and display a great number of time-dependent variables indicating particular symptom parameters which presage the events. Other possible applications of EGP-NPA are: 1) verification and optimization of accident management procedures during beyond-design-basis accident scenarios; 2) emergency training and severe accident analysis. Some planned future developments are: widening the simulation range, increasing the computation power of working stations and possible modifying the EGP-NPA into a full-scale training simulator for operators. 3 figs., 1 ref

  2. Development and application of functional-analytic simulator in the training of nuclear power plant operating personnel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The experience is reviewed from the development and utilization of a functional-analytic training simulator used in the USSR for training the personnel of nuclear power plants with WWER-1000 reactors. The training facility consists of a central ES 1066 computer where the mathematical model of the power unit is implemented, and of four teaching workplaces with Elektronika-85 personal computers. An Elektronika-60 computer links these computers to the central unit. The training facility enables reactor operators to practise in understanding dynamic power unit characteristics and relations between dynamic parameters, to gain basic skills for unit control with respect to limitations following from nuclear safety requirements, to master non-standard situations and to perform analyses of accidents. The facility is also used to check the professional skills of operators and to provide preliminary training prior to switching over to full-scale training facilities. (Z.M.). 2 refs

  3. The uses of a personal computer as a visual aid in operator training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main problem with understanding the operation of once-through boilers is getting a mental picture of what is happening, ie. where the water and steam are going in the various stages. The development of a simulator to show this is described. A simplified version of the boiler schematic was transferred into a program on a home computer which shows an animated picture of the various stages and transitions from shut down recirculating mode to the once through full load state. Each stage of the operation was then video taped for a few minutes and a commentary explaining what was happening recorded. This package can be used in training of reactor personnel and also to show site visitors some operational aspects of the nuclear power station. (U.K.)

  4. Investigation and research of fatigue due to military operation in the recruits during training period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhao-hui GAO

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective  To investigate the relationship between the occurrence of fatigue as a result of military operation and sleep quality of recruits during period of training. Methods  The Modified Fatigue Rating Scale (MFIS and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI were used to conduct the survey of over 500 recruits undergoing basic military training. The aim of the survey was to analyze the relationship between their sleep quality and the occurrence of military fatigue. Results  The mean fatigue score of the 500 recruits was 23.55. The physical fatigue score was 12.52, which was obviously higher than that of mental fatigue, which was 11.02 (PPConclusions  Poor sleep quality of the recruits may be one of causes of fatigue occurrence, and the aggravation of fatigue can affect sleep quality. Therefore, the management and regulation of sleep quality of the recruits should be emphasized in order to reduce military fatigue.

  5. Conclusions of the specialist meeting on operator AIDS for severe accident management and training (SAMOA)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The scope of the Specialist Meeting was limited to operator aids for accident management which were in operation or could be soon. Moreover, the meeting concentrated on the management of accidents beyond the design basis, including tools which might be extended from the design basis range into the severe accident area. Relevant simulation tools for operator training were also part of the scope of the meeting. The presentations showed that the design and implementation of operator aids were closely related to the organisation adopted by the user, whether it was a utility or a governmental agency. The most common organisation is to share the management of severe accidents among two groups of people: the operating team in the Control Room (CR) and a team of specialists in a Technical Support Centre (TSC). The CR is in charge of the operation of the plant in all conditions using a set of procedures and guidelines, while the experts in the TSC are able to produce in-depth analyses of the plant state and its evolution. The responsibility is shared between the CR and the TSC during accident progression. The TSC acts as a support for the CR for reactor operation and takes charge of the predictions of radioactive releases (source term, accident progression, release and dispersion of radioactive substances, as well as the interaction with public authorities). But this type of organisation is not general and the differences can induce different approaches in the design of operator aids. The first session was dedicated to operator aids for control rooms, the second session to operator aids for technical support centres

  6. Effects of crew resource management training on the team performance of operators in an advanced nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objectives of the study are twofold: the development of a CRM training program appropriate to Korean NPPs and the evaluation of CRM training effectiveness. Firstly, the CRM program was developed with a focus on nontechnical skills - such as leadership, situational awareness, teamwork, and communication - which have been widely known to be critical for improving operational performance. Secondly, the effectiveness tests were conducted for two different crews of operators, performing six different emergency operation scenarios during a four-week period. All the crews (crews A and B) participated in the training program for the technical knowledge and skills, which were required to operate the simulator of the MCR during the first week. However, for the verification of the effectiveness of the CRM training program, only crew A was randomly selected to attend the CRM training after the technical knowledge and skills training. The results of the experiments showed that the CRM training program improved the individual attitudes of crew A with a statistical significance. The team skills of crew A were found to be significantly more advanced than those of crew B. However, the CRM training did not have a positive effect on enhancing the individual performance of crew A, as compared with that of crew B. (author)

  7. Operational Evaluation of High-Throughput Community-Based Mass Prophylaxis Using Just-in-Time Training

    OpenAIRE

    Spitzer, James D.; Hupert, Nathaniel; Duckart, Jonathan; Xiong, Wei

    2007-01-01

    Community-based mass prophylaxis is a core public health operational competency, but staffing needs may overwhelm the local trained health workforce. Just-in-time (JIT) training of emergency staff and computer modeling of workforce requirements represent two complementary approaches to address this logistical problem.

  8. Naturalistic Decision Making in Power Grid Operations: Implications for Dispatcher Training and Usability Testing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Greitzer, Frank L.; Podmore, Robin

    2008-11-17

    The focus of the present study is on improved training approaches to accelerate learning and improved methods for analyzing effectiveness of tools within a high-fidelity power grid simulated environment. A theory-based model has been developed to document and understand the mental processes that an expert power system operator uses when making critical decisions. The theoretical foundation for the method is based on the concepts of situation awareness, the methods of cognitive task analysis, and the naturalistic decision making (NDM) approach of Recognition Primed Decision Making. The method has been systematically explored and refined as part of a capability demonstration of a high-fidelity real-time power system simulator under normal and emergency conditions. To examine NDM processes, we analyzed transcripts of operator-to-operator conversations during the simulated scenario to reveal and assess NDM-based performance criteria. The results of the analysis indicate that the proposed framework can be used constructively to map or assess the Situation Awareness Level of the operators at each point in the scenario. We can also identify the mental models and mental simulations that the operators employ at different points in the scenario. This report documents the method, describes elements of the model, and provides appendices that document the simulation scenario and the associated mental models used by operators in the scenario.

  9. Epidemiological investigation of ocular injuries related to military training and operations in Chinese army

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian-he XIAO

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective To investigate the epidemiological characters of ocular injuries related to military training and operations in Chinese army.Methods The data of servicemen with ocular injuries,hospitalized in 11 military evacuation hospitals from 2005-01-01 to 2009-12-31,were entered into a registration table.The data included the time and place when the injury happened,type and cause of injury,examination records,treatment,rehabilitation level,etc.All data were input into the database for statistical analysis.Results Of all the cases of ocular injuries,189(45.5% were related to military training and operations.The mean age of the 189 cases was 23.4±5.4 years,all of them were men,and soldiers accounted for 91.0% and officers accounted for 9.0%.The incidence declined in 2006 compared with that in 2005,and then rose gradually thereafter year by year.Eight patients(4.2% were complicated with bodily injuries,and 4.2% of patients had the history of eye surgery or eye disease before the ocular injury.Of the 189 cases,in 172(91.0% one eye was injured while in 17(9.0% both eyes were injured.After injury,in 35.0% of patients sight restoration to grade 1,in 20.6% to grade 2,in 13.6% to grade 3,in 25.7% to grade 4,and in 4.4% to grade 5.In 87.3% of patients injuries were due to mechanical forces and in 12.7% ocular injuries were not mechanical.Most patients with eye injury occurring in military training and operations were sent to evacuation hospital and treated timely,and good results were obtained.Conclusions Military training and operations related ocular injury is a prevalent ocular injury occurring in Chinese armed forces,and should be paid more attention in prevention.One important measure is to improve the prevention awareness of Chinese servicemen,and a detailed prevention measures should be further studied.

  10. Automatic detection of lung nodules in computed tomography images: training and validation of algorithms using public research databases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camarlinghi, Niccolò

    2013-09-01

    Lung cancer is one of the main public health issues in developed countries. Lung cancer typically manifests itself as non-calcified pulmonary nodules that can be detected reading lung Computed Tomography (CT) images. To assist radiologists in reading images, researchers started, a decade ago, the development of Computer Aided Detection (CAD) methods capable of detecting lung nodules. In this work, a CAD composed of two CAD subprocedures is presented: , devoted to the identification of parenchymal nodules, and , devoted to the identification of the nodules attached to the pleura surface. Both CADs are an upgrade of two methods previously presented as Voxel Based Neural Approach CAD . The novelty of this paper consists in the massive training using the public research Lung International Database Consortium (LIDC) database and on the implementation of new features for classification with respect to the original VBNA method. Finally, the proposed CAD is blindly validated on the ANODE09 dataset. The result of the validation is a score of 0.393, which corresponds to the average sensitivity of the CAD computed at seven predefined false positive rates: 1/8, 1/4, 1/2, 1, 2, 4, and 8 FP/CT.

  11. NKA/KRU project on operator training, control room designing and human reliability. Summary report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A Nordic integrated project on human reliability in the conditions of new advanced technology seeks to establish: - The actual repertoire of activities and tasks performed by the operating staff of a nuclear power plant and its dependence on the present and future levels of automation. - The knowledge required for these activities and appropriate means for training plant operators and for competence evaluation and retraining in coping with the rare events. - Models of human operator performance; how do operators read information and make decisions under normal and abnormal plant conditions and how does their performance depend upon control room design. - The typical limits of human capabilities and mechanisms of human errors as they are represented in existing records of incidents and accidents in industrial plants. - The use of process computers for improved design of data presentation and operator support systems, especially for disturbance analysis and diagnosis during infrequent plant disturbance. - Development of experimental techniques to validate research results and proposals for improved man/machine interfaces and other computer-based support systems. (EG)

  12. Development and Operation of International Nuclear Education/Training Program and HRD Cooperation Network

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, E. J.; Min, B. J.; Han, K. W. (and others)

    2006-12-15

    The primary result of the project is the establishment of a concept of International Nuclear R and D Academy that integrates the on-going long term activity for international nuclear education/training and a new activity to establish an international cooperation network for nuclear human resources development. For this, the 2007 WNU Summer Institute was hosted with the establishment of an MOU and subsequent preparations. Also, ANENT was promoted through development of a cyber platform for the ANENT web-portal, hosting the third ANENT Coordination Committee meeting, etc. Then a cooperation with universities in Vietnam was launched resulting in preparation of an MOU for the cooperation. Finally, a relevant system framework was established and required procedures were drafted especially for providing students from developing countries with long term education/training programs (e.g. MS and Ph D. courses). The international nuclear education/training programs have offered 13 courses to 182 people from 43 countries. The overall performance of the courses was evaluated to be outstanding. In parallel, the establishment of an MOU for the cooperation of KOICA-IAEA-KAERI courses to ensure their stable and systematic operation. Also, an effort was made to participate in FNCA. Atopia Hall of the International Nuclear Training and Education Center (INTEC) hosted 477 events (corresponding to 18,521 participants) and Nuri Hall (guesthouse) accommodated 4,616 people in 2006. This shows a steady increase of the use rate since the opening of the center, along with a continuous improvement of the equipment.

  13. Development and Operation of International Nuclear Education/Training Program and HRD Cooperation Network

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The primary result of the project is the establishment of a concept of International Nuclear R and D Academy that integrates the on-going long term activity for international nuclear education/training and a new activity to establish an international cooperation network for nuclear human resources development. For this, the 2007 WNU Summer Institute was hosted with the establishment of an MOU and subsequent preparations. Also, ANENT was promoted through development of a cyber platform for the ANENT web-portal, hosting the third ANENT Coordination Committee meeting, etc. Then a cooperation with universities in Vietnam was launched resulting in preparation of an MOU for the cooperation. Finally, a relevant system framework was established and required procedures were drafted especially for providing students from developing countries with long term education/training programs (e.g. MS and Ph D. courses). The international nuclear education/training programs have offered 13 courses to 182 people from 43 countries. The overall performance of the courses was evaluated to be outstanding. In parallel, the establishment of an MOU for the cooperation of KOICA-IAEA-KAERI courses to ensure their stable and systematic operation. Also, an effort was made to participate in FNCA. Atopia Hall of the International Nuclear Training and Education Center (INTEC) hosted 477 events (corresponding to 18,521 participants) and Nuri Hall (guesthouse) accommodated 4,616 people in 2006. This shows a steady increase of the use rate since the opening of the center, along with a continuous improvement of the equipment

  14. Research Operator Protection Optimization by the Education and Training on Radiation Protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the best ways of protection to operators in any radiation practice is to provide him/her with an adequate level of education and training in radiation protection. There are many international references where this fact is pointed out and particularly it is recognized the importance of the introduction of radiation protection courses previously to their work with ionising radiation. The University of Sevilla (Spain) through its Radioisotope Service has been organizing biannually since 1995 Training Courses for Supervisors and Operators of Radioactive Installations for university investigators that use radioactive sources or radiation equipment. The courses are imparted by teachers from the university radioactive installations, hospital physicist specialists from medical physics services and medical doctors from prevention labour health service; all of them are the authors of this communication. The students are postgraduate students or teachers that need operate with ionising radiation in their research laboratories. Up to date, it has been organized 4 courses series with an average of 30 students per course. These courses are homologated by the Nuclear Security Council and let the student obtain the licence for Supervisors or Operators of Radioactive Installations in each of the following applications fields: a) Laboratories with Non-Encapsulated Sources. This application includes research activities in Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Medicine and Pharmacy. b) Radiation Generator Equipment. This last one includes equipment such as X-Rays apparatus for diffraction studies in physics, chemistry and art sciences, or Particle Accelerator for atomic physics research in the National Accelerator Centre. The practical sessions of the courses are imparted in the radioactive installations of the Seville university. In this study it is described the details of the organization of the courses. (Author)

  15. Research Operator Protection Optimization by the Education and Training on Radiation Protection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mateos, J. C.; Avalos, J.; Garcia-Leon, M.; Garcia-Tenorio, R.; Gomez-Puerto, A.; Gomez, M.; Herrador, M.; Lejeune, J.; Luis-Simon, J.; Marquez, A.; Maranon, J.; Respaldiza, M. A.; Sanchez-Angulo, C.; Sanchez-Doblado, F.; Sarmiento, J. M.

    2004-07-01

    One of the best ways of protection to operators in any radiation practice is to provide him/her with an adequate level of education and training in radiation protection. There are many international references where this fact is pointed out and particularly it is recognized the importance of the introduction of radiation protection courses previously to their work with ionising radiation. The University of Sevilla (Spain) through its Radioisotope Service has been organizing biannually since 1995 Training Courses for Supervisors and Operators of Radioactive Installations for university investigators that use radioactive sources or radiation equipment. The courses are imparted by teachers from the university radioactive installations, hospital physicist specialists from medical physics services and medical doctors from prevention labour health service; all of them are the authors of this communication. The students are postgraduate students or teachers that need operate with ionising radiation in their research laboratories. Up to date, it has been organized 4 courses series with an average of 30 students per course. These courses are homologated by the Nuclear Security Council and let the student obtain the licence for Supervisors or Operators of Radioactive Installations in each of the following applications fields: a) Laboratories with Non-Encapsulated Sources. This application includes research activities in Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Medicine and Pharmacy. b) Radiation Generator Equipment. This last one includes equipment such as X-Rays apparatus for diffraction studies in physics, chemistry and art sciences, or Particle Accelerator for atomic physics research in the National Accelerator Centre. The practical sessions of the courses are imparted in the radioactive installations of the Seville university. In this study it is described the details of the organization of the courses. (Author)

  16. Instrumentation Capabilities. Their Influence on Severe Accident Management and How Operator Training can be contemplated

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    No currently operating nuclear unit has been explicitly designed to withstand the loads resulting from accident sequences resulting in melting of a very significant portion of the core. As a consequence, instrumentation needs were defined based on what was deemed necessary to control the unit during normal operation and contemplated accident sequences. Detailed requirements for instrumentation were then established based on environmental conditions anticipated during accident sequences addressed in the design, estimation of additional conservatism deemed reasonable for assessing sensor robustness and information reliability, and a realistic understanding of the influence of aging. Though instrument failures could not be excluded, consequences were necessarily limited as adequate redundancy was provided by design for all information needed to adequately control the unit and bring it back to safe shutdown in case of accident could be assumed available. Training programs largely built on this very robust approach and operators were challenged to control situations whose main attributes were: - all systems needed to fulfill essential safety functions are available and have the minimal capability for allowing compliance with otherwise stated acceptance criteria, - information needed to make decisions is available and reliable, - plant evolution, if not easily understandable in all cases, is not confusing to operators as all involved physical phenomena are unambiguous on one side, and can be reasonably well monitored. However, though current plant designs are generally very robust, one cannot exclude that accident sequences involving significant melting of the core can happen. First estimates through risk studies reported in WASH-1400 showed that the risk of core-melt could not be ignored, and the TMI-2 accident in a first step, then Chernobyl confirmed this conclusion. These events gave impetus to the development of Severe Accident Management (SAM) programs, and

  17. Automatic sequences

    CERN Document Server

    Haeseler, Friedrich

    2003-01-01

    Automatic sequences are sequences which are produced by a finite automaton. Although they are not random they may look as being random. They are complicated, in the sense of not being not ultimately periodic, they may look rather complicated, in the sense that it may not be easy to name the rule by which the sequence is generated, however there exists a rule which generates the sequence. The concept automatic sequences has special applications in algebra, number theory, finite automata and formal languages, combinatorics on words. The text deals with different aspects of automatic sequences, in particular:· a general introduction to automatic sequences· the basic (combinatorial) properties of automatic sequences· the algebraic approach to automatic sequences· geometric objects related to automatic sequences.

  18. Automatic computer procedure for generating exact and analytical kinetic energy operators based on the polyspherical approach: General formulation and removal of singularities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ndong, Mamadou; Lauvergnat, David [CNRS, Laboratoire de Chimie Physique (UMR 8000), Université Paris-Sud, F-91405 Orsay (France); Nauts, André [Institut de la Matière Condensée et des Nanosciences, Université Catholique de Louvain, Chemin du Cyclotron 2, 1348-Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium and Laboratoire de Chimie Physique (UMR 8000), Université Paris-Sud, F-91405 Orsay (France); Joubert-Doriol, Loïc; Gatti, Fabien [CTMM, Institut Charles Gerhardt (UMR 5232-CNRS), CC 1501, Université de Montpellier II, F-34095 Montpellier cedex 05 (France); Meyer, Hans-Dieter [Theoretische Chemie, Universität Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 229, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany)

    2013-11-28

    We present new techniques for an automatic computation of the kinetic energy operator in analytical form. These techniques are based on the use of the polyspherical approach and are extended to take into account Cartesian coordinates as well. An automatic procedure is developed where analytical expressions are obtained by symbolic calculations. This procedure is a full generalization of the one presented in Ndong et al., [J. Chem. Phys. 136, 034107 (2012)]. The correctness of the new implementation is analyzed by comparison with results obtained from the TNUM program. We give several illustrations that could be useful for users of the code. In particular, we discuss some cyclic compounds which are important in photochemistry. Among others, we show that choosing a well-adapted parameterization and decomposition into subsystems can allow one to avoid singularities in the kinetic energy operator. We also discuss a relation between polyspherical and Z-matrix coordinates: this comparison could be helpful for building an interface between the new code and a quantum chemistry package.

  19. Automatic computer procedure for generating exact and analytical kinetic energy operators based on the polyspherical approach: general formulation and removal of singularities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ndong, Mamadou; Nauts, André; Joubert-Doriol, Loïc; Meyer, Hans-Dieter; Gatti, Fabien; Lauvergnat, David

    2013-11-28

    We present new techniques for an automatic computation of the kinetic energy operator in analytical form. These techniques are based on the use of the polyspherical approach and are extended to take into account Cartesian coordinates as well. An automatic procedure is developed where analytical expressions are obtained by symbolic calculations. This procedure is a full generalization of the one presented in Ndong et al., [J. Chem. Phys. 136, 034107 (2012)]. The correctness of the new implementation is analyzed by comparison with results obtained from the TNUM program. We give several illustrations that could be useful for users of the code. In particular, we discuss some cyclic compounds which are important in photochemistry. Among others, we show that choosing a well-adapted parameterization and decomposition into subsystems can allow one to avoid singularities in the kinetic energy operator. We also discuss a relation between polyspherical and Z-matrix coordinates: this comparison could be helpful for building an interface between the new code and a quantum chemistry package. PMID:24289344

  20. Discussions related to the modernization process of control rooms, reactor operator performance and three training programmes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the past, nuclear plants had commonly looked at 'like-for-like' replacements when they start defining modernisation of old systems. That is, plants just implement the same functionality and capability of the old system with new technology. At the most, some simple interface or other minor changes may be made. In this paper we discuss the most important aspects related to the modernization of control rooms, comparing their technologies, human factors and errors. In that sense, to support safe and effective operation, it is critical to specify, design, implement, operate, and maintain, as well as train and retrain operators for, the control room and HIS changes to take advantage of human cognitive processing abilities and reduce the likelihood of human errors. Therefore, it is important to look at and take advantage of the improvements that modern, digital technology can bring now and in the foreseeable future. Finally, we also discuss some aspects related to the turnover of operation skilled people from Angra-1, Westinghouse design, to Angra-2, Siemens/KWU design and the crew perspective for Angra-3, Siemens/KWU digital control room design. (author)

  1. Alertness Management In Flight Operations: A NASA Education and Training Module

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosekind, Mark R.; Lebacqz, Victor J.; Gander, Philippa H.; Co, Elizabeth L.; Weldon, Keri J.; Smith, Roy M.; Miller, Donna L.; Gregory, Kevin B.; Statler, Irving C. (Technical Monitor)

    1994-01-01

    Since 1980, the NASA Ames Fatigue Countermeasures Program has been conducting research on sleep, circadian rhythms, and fatigue in a variety of flight operations 1. An original goal of the program was to return the scientific and operational knowledge to the aviation industry. To meet this goal, the NASA Ames Fatigue Countermeasures Program has created an Education and Training Module entitled, "Strategies for Alertness Management in Flight Operations." The Module was designed to meet three objectives: 1) explain the current state of knowledge about the physiological mechanisms underlying fatigue, 2) demonstrate how this knowledge can be applied to improve flight crew sleep, performance, and alertness, and 3) offer countermeasure recommendations. The Module is composed of two components: 1) a 60-minute live presentation provided by a knowledgeable individual and 2) a NASA/FAA Technical Memorandum (TM) that contains the presentation materials and appendices with complementary information. The TM is provided to all individuals attending the live presentation. The Module content is divided into three parts: 1) basic information on sleep, sleepiness, circadian rhythms, fatigue, and how flight operations affect these physiological factors, 2) common misconceptions about sleep, sleepiness, and fatigue, and 3) alertness management strategies. The Module is intended for pilots, management personnel, schedulers, flight attendants, and the many other individuals involved in the aviation system.

  2. Automatic query formulations in information retrieval.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salton, G; Buckley, C; Fox, E A

    1983-07-01

    Modern information retrieval systems are designed to supply relevant information in response to requests received from the user population. In most retrieval environments the search requests consist of keywords, or index terms, interrelated by appropriate Boolean operators. Since it is difficult for untrained users to generate effective Boolean search requests, trained search intermediaries are normally used to translate original statements of user need into useful Boolean search formulations. Methods are introduced in this study which reduce the role of the search intermediaries by making it possible to generate Boolean search formulations completely automatically from natural language statements provided by the system patrons. Frequency considerations are used automatically to generate appropriate term combinations as well as Boolean connectives relating the terms. Methods are covered to produce automatic query formulations both in a standard Boolean logic system, as well as in an extended Boolean system in which the strict interpretation of the connectives is relaxed. Experimental results are supplied to evaluate the effectiveness of the automatic query formulation process, and methods are described for applying the automatic query formulation process in practice. PMID:10299297

  3. Integrated or dual vocational training focused on the operations of a nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dual vocational training is understood to be all the mixed employment and training actions and initiatives, the purpose of which in the vocational qualification of workers in a system alternating a job in a company with the training activity received in the framework of the vocational training system for employment of the educational system. The dual vocational training that results from this mixed strategy is provided via the following modality: Shared training between the training center and the company, which consists of coparticipation to varying degrees in the teaching and learning processes in the company and the training center. (Author)

  4. The Right Stuff: A Look Back at Three Decades of Flight Controller Training for Space Shuttle Mission Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dittemore, Gary D.

    2011-01-01

    Operations of human spaceflight systems is extremely complex, therefore the training and certification of operations personnel is a critical piece of ensuring mission success. Mission Control Center (MCC-H), at the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, in Houston, Texas manages mission operations for the Space Shuttle Program, including the training and certification of the astronauts and flight control teams. This paper will give an overview of a flight control team s makeup and responsibilities during a flight, and details on how those teams are trained and certified. The training methodology for developing flight controllers has evolved significantly over the last thirty years, while the core goals and competencies have remained the same. In addition, the facilities and tools used in the control center have evolved. These changes have been driven by many factors including lessons learned, technology, shuttle accidents, shifts in risk posture, and generational differences. Flight controllers will share their experiences in training and operating the Space Shuttle throughout the Program s history. A primary method used for training Space Shuttle flight control teams is by running mission simulations of the orbit, ascent, and entry phases, to truly "train like you fly." The reader will learn what it is like to perform a simulation as a shuttle flight controller. Finally, the paper will reflect on the lessons learned in training for the shuttle program, and how those could be applied to future human spaceflight endeavors. These endeavors could range from going to the moon or to Mars. The lessons learned from operating the space shuttle for over thirty years will help the space industry build the next human transport space vehicle and inspire the next generation of space explorers.

  5. Development of automatic frequency control (AFC) and governor free (GF) operation control systems for PWR nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To maintain frequency and voltage at the prescribed values is one of the missions imposed on electric power companies. As for frequency, the control in carried out by AFC operation, in which generator power output is increased or decreased by the signals from a central power supply commandpost operating power systems, and by GF operation in which generators themselves increase or decrease power output corresponding to frequency variation. In the present state, nuclear power stations carry out the constant output operation, and frequency adjustment is made by thermal and hydroelectric power plants. However, as the measures to the time of low power demand in holidays and nights, it is supposed that frequency adjustment operation is required to be carried out also in nuclear power stations in future. Based on these situations, Kansai Electric Power Co., Inc. in cooperation with Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. carried out the technical development and verification required for executing the AFC-GF operation of nuclear power stations, therefore, the outline is reported. Frequency adjustment, the outline of the operation control of PWRs, the subjects on the adoption of frequency adjustment operation and the verification test on the improved control system are described. (Kako, I.)

  6. 20 CFR 670.510 - Are Job Corps center operators responsible for providing all vocational training?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... for providing all vocational training? 670.510 Section 670.510 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND... providing all vocational training? No, in order to facilitate students' entry into the workforce, the... training programs at specific centers. Contractors providing such vocational training will be selected...

  7. Helios: a Multi-Purpose LIDAR Simulation Framework for Research, Planning and Training of Laser Scanning Operations with Airborne, Ground-Based Mobile and Stationary Platforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bechtold, S.; Höfle, B.

    2016-06-01

    In many technical domains of modern society, there is a growing demand for fast, precise and automatic acquisition of digital 3D models of a wide variety of physical objects and environments. Laser scanning is a popular and widely used technology to cover this demand, but it is also expensive and complex to use to its full potential. However, there might exist scenarios where the operation of a real laser scanner could be replaced by a computer simulation, in order to save time and costs. This includes scenarios like teaching and training of laser scanning, development of new scanner hardware and scanning methods, or generation of artificial scan data sets to support the development of point cloud processing and analysis algorithms. To test the feasibility of this idea, we have developed a highly flexible laser scanning simulation framework named Heidelberg LiDAR Operations Simulator (HELIOS). HELIOS is implemented as a Java library and split up into a core component and multiple extension modules. Extensible Markup Language (XML) is used to define scanner, platform and scene models and to configure the behaviour of modules. Modules were developed and implemented for (1) loading of simulation assets and configuration (i.e. 3D scene models, scanner definitions, survey descriptions etc.), (2) playback of XML survey descriptions, (3) TLS survey planning (i.e. automatic computation of recommended scanning positions) and (4) interactive real-time 3D visualization of simulated surveys. As a proof of concept, we show the results of two experiments: First, a survey planning test in a scene that was specifically created to evaluate the quality of the survey planning algorithm. Second, a simulated TLS scan of a crop field in a precision farming scenario. The results show that HELIOS fulfills its design goals.

  8. Development of a training simulator to operators of the IEA-R1 research reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work reports the development of a Simulator for the IEA-R1 Research Reactor. The Simulator was developed with Visual C++ in two stages: construction of the mathematics models and development and configuration of graphics interfaces in a Windows XP executable. A simplified modeling was used for main physics phenomena, using a point kinetics model for the nuclear process and the energy and mass conservation laws in the average channel of the reactor for the thermal hydraulic process. The dynamics differential equations were solved by using finite differences through the 4th order Runge- Kutta method. The reactivity control, reactor cooling, and reactor protection systems were also modeled. The process variables are stored in ASCII files. The Simulator allows navigating by screens of the systems and monitoring tendencies of the operational transients, being an interactive tool for teaching and training of IEA-R1 operators. It also can be used by students, professors, and researchers in teaching activities in reactor and thermal hydraulics theory. The Simulator allows simulations of operations of start up, power maneuver, and shut down. (author)

  9. 25 CFR 39.601 - Is school board training for Bureau-operated schools considered a school board expense subject to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Is school board training for Bureau-operated schools... AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION THE INDIAN SCHOOL EQUALIZATION PROGRAM School Board Training Expenses § 39.601 Is school board training for Bureau-operated schools considered a school board...

  10. Radiation dosimetry for crewmember exposure to cosmic radiation during astronaut training operations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    'Atmospheric exposures' of astronauts to cosmic ions and secondary particles during air-flight training are being measured and analytically modeled for inclusion in the astronaut medical records database. For many of the ∼170 astronauts currently in the astronaut corps, their occupational radiation exposure history will be dominated by cosmic ion exposures during air-travel rather than short-duration spaceflight. Relatively low (usually <10 μSv hr -1 ) and uniform organ dose rates result from the penetrating mix of cosmic particles during atmospheric exposures at all altitudes, but at rates that vary greatly due to differences in flight profiles and the geomagnetic conditions at the time of flight. The precision and accuracy to which possible deleterious effects of the exposures can be assessed suffers from limitations that similarly impact assessment of human exposures in low-Earth orbit: uncertainties associated with the environmental measurements and their interpretation, uncertainties associated with the analytical tools that transport the cosmic radiation environment, and uncertain biological responses to low-dose-rate exposures to radiation fields of mixed radiation 'quality'. Lineal energy spectra will be measured using a Tissue Equivalent Proportional Counter designed for training and operational sorties frequently flown in T-38, Space Shuttle Trainer, and high altitude WB-57 aircraft. Linear energy spectra will be measured over multiple flights using CR-39 plastic nuclear track detectors, as well. Flight records are available for nearly 200,000 sorties flown in NASA aircraft by astronauts and flight officers in the Johnson Space Center Aircraft Operations Division over the past 25 years, yet this database only partially documents the complete exposure histories. Age-dependent risk analysis indicates significant impact, particularly to young women who anticipate lengthy on-orbit careers

  11. The Final Count Down: A Review of Three Decades of Flight Controller Training Methods for Space Shuttle Mission Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dittemore, Gary D.; Bertels, Christie

    2011-01-01

    Operations of human spaceflight systems is extremely complex, therefore the training and certification of operations personnel is a critical piece of ensuring mission success. Mission Control Center (MCC-H), at the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, in Houston, Texas manages mission operations for the Space Shuttle Program, including the training and certification of the astronauts and flight control teams. As the space shuttle program ends in 2011, a review of how training for STS-1 was conducted compared to STS-134 will show multiple changes in training of shuttle flight controller over a thirty year period. This paper will additionally give an overview of a flight control team s makeup and responsibilities during a flight, and details on how those teams have been trained certified over the life span of the space shuttle. The training methods for developing flight controllers have evolved significantly over the last thirty years, while the core goals and competencies have remained the same. In addition, the facilities and tools used in the control center have evolved. These changes have been driven by many factors including lessons learned, technology, shuttle accidents, shifts in risk posture, and generational differences. A primary method used for training Space Shuttle flight control teams is by running mission simulations of the orbit, ascent, and entry phases, to truly "train like you fly." The reader will learn what it is like to perform a simulation as a shuttle flight controller. Finally, the paper will reflect on the lessons learned in training for the shuttle program, and how those could be applied to future human spaceflight endeavors.

  12. A Camera-based Tool Pose Measurement Method for Automatic Tool Insertion for Emergent Operation of Fuelling Machine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Refuelling operations are carried out on power with the aid of two fuelling machines in pressured heavy water reactor (PHWR) system. Two fuelling machines clamp on the two end-fitting on each side of fuel channel and new fuel bundles are pushed from the upstream fuelling machine and spent fuel bundles are taken out into the downstream fuelling machine. The ram assembly of the fuelling machine pushes fuel bundles and operates the shield and closure plugs in each fuel channel, the snout plug in the fuelling machine snout, and the guide sleeve tool. In spite of periodic maintenance, there are some possibilities for the hydraulic drives of the ram to malfunction during their operation and the manual drive handles are provided to fix such problems. But in some cases the plant should be shutdown to be fixed because high dose rate inhibits the access of human workers. To mitigate such an event, KAERI developed a remotely-operated robotic system. The robotic system operates the manual drive handles for B ram and Latch ram to release the fuelling machine from the fuel channel. On-site experiments were performed successfully by KAERI and KHNP at Wolsong nuclear power plant as shown in Fig. 1 during overhaul in 2007

  13. Functionality and operation of fluoroscopic automatic brightness control/automatic dose rate control logic in modern cardiovascular and interventional angiography systems: A Report of Task Group 125 Radiography/Fluoroscopy Subcommittee, Imaging Physics Committee, Science Council

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Task Group 125 (TG 125) was charged with investigating the functionality of fluoroscopic automatic dose rate and image quality control logic in modern angiographic systems, paying specific attention to the spectral shaping filters and variations in the selected radiologic imaging parameters. The task group was also charged with describing the operational aspects of the imaging equipment for the purpose of assisting the clinical medical physicist with clinical set-up and performance evaluation. Although there are clear distinctions between the fluoroscopic operation of an angiographic system and its acquisition modes (digital cine, digital angiography, digital subtraction angiography, etc.), the scope of this work was limited to the fluoroscopic operation of the systems studied. The use of spectral shaping filters in cardiovascular and interventional angiography equipment has been shown to reduce patient dose. If the imaging control algorithm were programmed to work in conjunction with the selected spectral filter, and if the generator parameters were optimized for the selected filter, then image quality could also be improved. Although assessment of image quality was not included as part of this report, it was recognized that for fluoroscopic imaging the parameters that influence radiation output, differential absorption, and patient dose are also the same parameters that influence image quality. Therefore, this report will utilize the terminology ''automatic dose rate and image quality'' (ADRIQ) when describing the control logic in modern interventional angiographic systems and, where relevant, will describe the influence of controlled parameters on the subsequent image quality. A total of 22 angiography units were investigated by the task group and of these one each was chosen as representative of the equipment manufactured by GE Healthcare, Philips Medical Systems, Shimadzu Medical USA, and Siemens Medical Systems. All equipment, for which measurement data were

  14. COGEMA Experience on Retrieving and Automatically Remote Cutting Large Metallic Structures Using Special Saw During Nuclear Decommissioning Operations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bodin, F.; Barandas, C.

    2002-02-26

    Used spent fuel baskets have been stored in the La Hague North-West concrete-lined pits until decommissioning. In 1998, COGEMA decided to retrieve, cut and condition these spent fuel baskets. This paper describes the experience gained, since the start up of this operation in 1999, discusses resulting dosimetry and waste produced, during retrieving and remotely cutting of LL activity large metallic structures. This process result in significantly lower exposures to workers in the D and D operations. In addition the work was carried out in an environmentally safe manner with reasonable financial costs.

  15. COGEMA Experience on Retrieving and Automatically Remote Cutting Large Metallic Structures Using Special Saw During Nuclear Decommissioning Operations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Used spent fuel baskets have been stored in the La Hague North-West concrete-lined pits until decommissioning. In 1998, COGEMA decided to retrieve, cut and condition these spent fuel baskets. This paper describes the experience gained, since the start up of this operation in 1999, discusses resulting dosimetry and waste produced, during retrieving and remotely cutting of LL activity large metallic structures. This process result in significantly lower exposures to workers in the D and D operations. In addition the work was carried out in an environmentally safe manner with reasonable financial costs

  16. Fast digital transverse feedback system for bunch train operation in CESR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rogers, J.T.; Billing, M.G.; Dobbins, J.A. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). Lab. of Nuclear Studies] [and others

    1996-08-01

    We have developed a time domain transverse feedback system with the high bandwidth needed to control transverse instabilities when the CESR e{sup +}e{sup -} collider is filled with trains of closely spaced bunches. This system is based on parallel digital processors and a stripline driver. It is capable of acting on arbitrary patterns of bunches having a minimum spacing of 14 ns. Several simplifying features have been introduced. A single shorted stripline kicker driven by one power amplifier is used to control both counter-rotating beams. The desired feedback phase is achieved by sampling the bunch position at a single location on two independently selectable beam revolutions. The system adapts to changes in the betatron tune, bunch pattern, or desired damping rate through the loading of new parameters into the digital processors via the CESR control system. The feedback system also functions as a fast gated bunch current monitor. Both vertical and horizontal loops are now used in CESR operation. The measured betatron damping rates with the transverse feedback system in operation are in agreement with the analytical prediction and a computer simulation developed in connection with this work. (author)

  17. Military Training and Education: an Opportunity for V4 Co-Operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milan ŠUPLATA

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The Visegrad Group needs success stories if its defence co-operation is to develop. The recent differences between Poland and the rest of the region, as well as the closing window of opportunity to improve interoperability through the ISAF mission, make the hunger for concrete examples of co-operation even more urgent. Education and training projects are not only comparatively easily to implement in terms of time and money, but also represent a way of bringing the region’s civilian and military leaders closer together in terms of strategic thinking. Regional defence collaboration is also one of the ways to materialize NATO’s Smart Defence agenda. For the whole region, the way to keep Visegrad defence cooperation alive is not straightforward and certain, but it is likely to prove rewarding in the long term. It presents not only a chance to keep the whole region better prepared militarily, but also to build a more cohesive strategic awareness, thanks to intensive communication at all levels.

  18. Fast digital transverse feedback system for bunch train operation in CESR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We have developed a time domain transverse feedback system with the high bandwidth needed to control transverse instabilities when the CESR e+e-collider is filled with trains of closely spaced bunches. This system is based on parallel digital processors and a stripline driver. It is capable of acting on arbitrary patterns of bunches having a minimum spacing of 14 ns. Several simplifying features have been introduced. A single shorted stripline kicker driven by one power amplifier is used to control both counter-rotating beams. The desired feedback phase is achieved by sampling the bunch position at a single location on two independently selectable beam revolutions. The system adapts to changes in the betatron tune, bunch pattern, or desired damping rate through the loading of new parameters into the digital processors via the CESR control system. The feedback system also functions as a fast gated bunch current monitor. Both vertical and horizontal loops are now used in CESR operation. The measured betatron damping rates with the transverse feedback system in operation are in agreement with the analytical prediction and a computer simulation developed in connection with this work. (author)

  19. Experience in the recruitment, organization and training of operations and maintenance personnel for the Malaysian research reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The TRIGA Reactor located at the Tun Ismail Atomic Research Centre (PUSPATI) Complex is owned and operated by the Nuclear Energy Unit of the Prime Minster's Department. The operations and maintenance personnel are part and parcel of the national civil service organization. As such, the requirement and remuneration of these personnel are handled by a central federal government personnel management agency in common with personnel from other federal government agencies. In addition, the reactor is the first and only one in Malaysia, a developing country, which is the process of committing herself towards a nuclear power programme. These factors coupled with the absence of an independent reactor operator licensing agency posed unique problems in the recruitment, organization, training and licensing of operations personnel for the facility. The paper discusses these factors and their bearing on the recruitment, training, licensing and career development prospects of the PUSPATI TRIGA Reactor operators. (author)

  20. Operational Radiation Protection and Radioactive Waste Management for Research Reactors – Training Material

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main objectives of the workshop are to provide the participants with the knowledge and understanding to be able to: • Develop and implement an Operational Radiation Protection Programme (ORPP) at their research reactor facilities; and • Develop and implement an Operational Radioactive Waste Management Programme (ORWMP) at their research reactor facilities. To accomplish these objectives, the workshop aims to equip the participants with the necessary information, conceptual understanding and knowledge that will enable them to carry out these tasks. By the end of the workshop, the participants will be able to: – Understand the basic concepts of radiation protection aimed at reducing the radiation hazard and radiation doses; – Understand the role of the ORPP to ensure the effective control of external and internal doses to workers and to the public and of releases to the environment; – Understand the risk assessment followed by a step-by-step approach in developing and implementing the ORPP; – Understand the importance of the optimization principle and a suitable dose limitation system; – Understand the role and responsibilities of the operating organization in developing and implementing the ORPP; – Develop operational radiation protection procedures and effectively use them; – Understand the importance of area classification including access control to such areas and the provision of information on actual dose and contamination levels; – Establish a training and surveillance programme for radiation protection officers and reactor operating staff; – Define the necessary arrangements for the response to an emergency; – Understand the basic concepts of establishing a ORWMP; – Establish the necessary provisions for keeping the generation of radioactive waste to the minimum practicable, in terms of both activity and volume; – Establish the necessary provisions for appropriate collection, characterization, classification, segregation and

  1. Analysis on Wireless CBTC System for Automatic Train Stop Positioning%无线CBTC系统列车自动停站对位分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵晓峰

    2012-01-01

    介绍了ATO硬件设备及ATO连续制动定位停车原理,从车载ATO和轨旁ATP硬件设备以及软件角度深入分析了车站定位停车的各个操作状态(制动、预对准、停站等)和判定机制。此外,简要介绍了信号系统实时控制列车运行的自适应PI控制器算法。%From the hardware aspect it describes the on-board ATO continuous brake for train stop positioning. On-board ATO and trackside ATP hardware and software are further analyzed in the view of operating state of station position parking, including brake, prealignment, stop and other state, and confirming principle, In addition, signaling system real-time adaptive PI controller algorithm to control trains run is briefly described.

  2. An application of the MEMbrain training module: Pre-hospital rescue operation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, V.

    1998-01-01

    efforts. This includes enhanced first aid on site and improved overall co-ordination amongst the organisations involved in coping with emergency situations. The training system is based on the Multi-User System for Training Emergency Response (MUSTER) concept which is used for the training module in the...

  3. Automatic detection of low altitude wind shear due to gust fronts in the terminal Doppler weather radar operational demonstration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klingle-Wilson, Diana

    1990-01-01

    A gust front is the leading edge of the cold air outflow from a thunderstorm. Wind shears and turbulence along the gust front may produce potentially hazardous conditions for an aircraft on takeoff or landing such that runway operations are significantly impacted. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has therefore determined that the detection of gust fronts in the terminal environment be an integral part of the Terminal Doppler Weather Radar (TDWR) system. Detection of these shears by the Gust Front Algorithm permits the generation of warnings that can be issued to pilots on approach and departure. In addition to the detection capability, the algorithm provides an estimate of the wind speed and direction following the gust front (termed wind shift) and the forecasted location of the gust front up to 20 minutes before it impacts terminal operations. This has shown utility as a runway management tool, alerting runway supervisors to approaching wind shifts and the possible need to change runway configurations. The formation and characteristics of gust fronts and their signatures in Doppler radar data are discussed. A brief description of the algorithm and its products for use by Air Traffic Control (ATC), along with an assessment of the algorithm's performance during the 1988 Operational Test and Evaluation, is presented.

  4. An application of the MEMbrain training module: Pre-hospital rescue operation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, V.

    1998-01-01

    A system for training in pre-hospital emergency management is being developed and the first version of a prototype has been completed. The training system fulfils the demands from the domain of hospital emergency planning centres and medical attendants concerning increased efficiency of rescue...... efforts. This includes enhanced first aid on site and improved overall co-ordination amongst the organisations involved in coping with emergency situations. The training system is based on the Multi-User System for Training Emergency Response (MUSTER) concept which is used for the training module in the...

  5. The effects of stress on nuclear power plant operational decision making and training approaches to reduce stress effects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Operational personnel may be exposed to significant levels of stress during unexpected changes in plant state an plant emergencies. The decision making that identifies operational actions, which is strongly determined by procedures, may be affected by stress, and performance may be impaired. ER report analyzes potential effects of stress in nuclear power plant (NPP) settings, especially in the context of severe accident management (SAM). First, potential sources of stress in the NPP setting are identified. This analysis is followed by a review of the ways in which stress is likely to affect performance, with an emphasis on performance of cognitive skills that are linked to operational decision making. Finally, potential training approaches for reducing or eliminating stress effects are identified. Several training approaches have the potential to eliminate or mitigate stress effects on cognitive skill performance. First, the use of simulated events for training can reduce the novelty and uncertainty that can lead to stress and performance impairments. Second, training to make cognitive processing more efficient and less reliant on attention and memory resources can offset the reductions in these resources that occur under stressful conditions. Third, training that targets crew communications skills can reduce the likelihood that communications will fail under stress

  6. The effects of stress on nuclear power plant operational decision making and training approaches to reduce stress effects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mumaw, R.J.

    1994-08-01

    Operational personnel may be exposed to significant levels of stress during unexpected changes in plant state an plant emergencies. The decision making that identifies operational actions, which is strongly determined by procedures, may be affected by stress, and performance may be impaired. ER report analyzes potential effects of stress in nuclear power plant (NPP) settings, especially in the context of severe accident management (SAM). First, potential sources of stress in the NPP setting are identified. This analysis is followed by a review of the ways in which stress is likely to affect performance, with an emphasis on performance of cognitive skills that are linked to operational decision making. Finally, potential training approaches for reducing or eliminating stress effects are identified. Several training approaches have the potential to eliminate or mitigate stress effects on cognitive skill performance. First, the use of simulated events for training can reduce the novelty and uncertainty that can lead to stress and performance impairments. Second, training to make cognitive processing more efficient and less reliant on attention and memory resources can offset the reductions in these resources that occur under stressful conditions. Third, training that targets crew communications skills can reduce the likelihood that communications will fail under stress.

  7. Evaluation of the food safety training for food handlers in restaurant operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Sung-Hee; Kwak, Tong-Kyung

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the extent of improvement of food safety knowledge and practices of employee through food safety training. Employee knowledge and practice for food safety were evaluated before and after the food safety training program. The training program and questionnaires for evaluating employee knowledge and practices concerning food safety, and a checklist for determining food safety performance of restaurants were developed. Data were analyzed using the SPSS program. Twelve restaurants participated in this study. We split them into two groups: the intervention group with training, and the control group without food safety training. Employee knowledge of the intervention group also showed a significant improvement in their score, increasing from 49.3 before the training to 66.6 after training. But in terms of employee practices and the sanitation performance, there were no significant increases after the training. From these results, we recommended that the more job-specific and hand-on training materials for restaurant employees should be developed and more continuous implementation of the food safety training and integration of employee appraisal program with the outcome of safety training were needed. PMID:20198210

  8. Instructor/Operator Station Design Handbook for Aircrew Training Devices. Final Technical Report for Period March 1982-December 1986.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warner, H. D.

    Human engineering guidelines for the design of instructor/operator stations (IOSs) for aircrew training devices are provided in this handbook. These guidelines specify the preferred configuration of IOS equipment across the range of the anticipated user sizes and performance capabilities. The guidelines are consolidated from various human…

  9. African regional co-operative agreement for research, development and training related to nuclear science and technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document informs that the second extension of the 'African regional co-operative agreement for research, development and training related to nuclear science and technology' entered into force on 4 April 2000. In also includes the status list of the Agreement as of 29 April 2000

  10. The Text of a Regional Co-operative Agreement for Research, Development and Training related to Nuclear Science and Technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the Agreement to Extend the Regional Co-operative Agreement for Research, Development and Training Related to Nuclear Science and Technology of 1972 (the RCA Agreement for a further period of five years with effect from 12 June 1977 is reproduced herein for the information of all Members

  11. Performance evaluation and operational experience with a semi-automatic monitor for the radiological characterization of low-level wastes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chalk River Nuclear Laboratories (CRNL) have undertaken a Waste Disposal Project to co-ordinate the transition from the current practice of interim storage to permanent disposal for low-level radioactive wastes (LLW). The strategy of the project is to classify and segregate waste segments according to their hazardous radioactive lifetimes and to emplace them in disposal facilities engineered to isolate and contain them. To support this strategy, a waste characterization program was set up to estimate the volume and radioisotope inventories of the wastes managed by CRNL. A key element of the program is the demonstration of a non-invasive measurement technique for the isotope-specific characterization of solid LLW. This paper describes the approach taken at CRNL for the non-invasive assay of LLW and the field performance and early operational experience with a waste characterization monitor to be used in a waste processing facility

  12. Manpower development for safe operation of nuclear power plant. China. Simulator training for instructions. Activity: 2.1.4-Task-16. Technical report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    By the request of the Qinshan Nuclear Power training center, Korea Electric Power Company (KEPCO) expert team visited the Qinshan Nuclear Power Training Center during October 7-21, 1996. The purpose of the visiting was as follows: To give some ideas, through KEPCO KNTC training experiences about operator training programme including simulator training - how to improve simulator instructors' training skill and knowledge; how to conduct classroom and simulator lectures; how to prepare lesson note for lectures; how to make the trainees evaluation; how to course analyze and feed back; how to make scenario for simulator training. To fulfill above purposes, the expert team used KNTC procedures, 1996 KNTC training plan, development and qualification for instructor, simulator training and evaluation, control and preparedness of lesson notes. These procedures were used only to establish the framework for Qinshan nuclear training center's procedures

  13. Investigation of the influence of image reconstruction filter and scan parameters on operation of automatic tube current modulation systems for different CT scanners

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Variation in the user selected CT scanning parameters under automatic tube current modulation (ATCM) between hospitals has a substantial influence on the radiation doses and image quality for patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of changing image reconstruction filter and scan parameter settings on tube current, dose and image quality for various CT scanners operating under ATCM. The scan parameters varied were pitch factor, rotation time, collimator configuration, kVp, image thickness and image filter convolution (FC) used for reconstruction. The Toshiba scanner varies the tube current to achieve a set target noise. Changes in the FC setting and image thickness for the first reconstruction were the major factors affecting patient dose. A two-step change in FC from smoother to sharper filters doubles the dose, but is counterbalanced by an improvement in spatial resolution. In contrast, Philips and Siemens scanners maintained tube current values similar to those for a reference image and patient, and the tube current only varied slightly for changes in individual CT scan parameters. The selection of a sharp filter increased the image noise, while use of iDose iterative reconstruction reduced the noise. Since the principles used by CT manufacturers for ATCM vary, it is important that parameters which affect patient dose and image quality for each scanner are made clear to operator to aid in optimisation. (authors)

  14. The plant-specific simulator - a tool for the efficient training of operators

    OpenAIRE

    Pribožič, Franc

    2015-01-01

    The acquisition of a full-scope simulator represents a very important achievement the Krško nuclear power plant (NPP). The aim of this paper is to present the use of simulators in the training process and to give some basic information about our plant-specific simulator. Some basic information is provided about the training process for licensed personel and the role of the simulator in the future training activities at Krško NPP.

  15. Operative correction of judoists’ training loads on the base of on-line monitoring of heart beats rate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu Yong Qiang

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: ensure increase of effectiveness of training process’s control by means of operative correction of training loads of different qualification judo wrestlers’ heart beats rate indicators. Material: the research was conducted on the base of Brest SCJSOR № 1. Judo wrestlers of different sport qualification (age 17-19 years old, n=15 participated in the research. Monitoring of judo wrestlers’ heart beats rate was carried out with the help of system “Polar”. Results: we have found factorial structure of functional fitness in every profile of sportsmen. Model characteristics of judo wrestlers were supplemented with the most important sides of functional fitness. Analysis of indicators of restoration effectiveness indicators (REI in both groups of judo wrestlers showed high level of organism’s responsiveness to training load of special and power orientation in comparison with speed power load. We have worked out algorithm of operative correction of training loads by indicators of heart beats rate in training process, depending on orientation and intensity of loads’ physiological influence on judo wrestler. Conclusions: Telemetric on-line monitoring of sportsman’s heart beats rate and calculation of REI permit to objectively assess effectiveness of training’s construction and of micro-cycle in total and detect in due time the trend to development of over-loading and failure of adaptation.

  16. U.S. ARMY HUMAN FACTORS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ANNUAL CONFERENCE, INDIVIDUAL AND SMALL-UNIT TRAINING FOR COMBAT OPERATIONS (12TH, FORT BENNING, GEORGIA, OCTOBER 1966).

    Science.gov (United States)

    JACOBS, T.O.; AND OTHERS

    RESEARCH IN THE AREA OF MILITARY TRAINING AND TRAINING METHODS WAS REVIEWED AND ASSESSED FOR (1) ITS RELEVANCE TO MODERN COMBAT OPERATIONS (IDENTIFICATION OF COMBAT TASKS, DEVELOPMENT OF SKILL TRAINING, AND EVALUATION) AND (2) ITS EFFICIENCY (REDUCED COST AND TIME AND INCREASED TRAINEE PROFICIENCY, OR BOTH). CASES OF EFFECTIVE RESEARCH IN USE OF…

  17. 国产兼容型列车超速防护系统车载设备研制%Development of Home-made Compatible on-board Automatic Train Protection Equipment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田文建; 张建明

    2009-01-01

    以北京地铁八通线列车超速防护(automatic train protection,ATP)系统车载设备研制为背景,对该车载设备需要完成的主要功能进行阐述,并对其控制模式、驾驶模式、速度测量、地面信息采集、系统安全性和可用性等进行分析,介绍设备的具体实现和应用情况.

  18. Operational Automatic Remote Sensing Image Understanding Systems: Beyond Geographic Object-Based and Object-Oriented Image Analysis (GEOBIA/GEOOIA. Part 1: Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Baraldi

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available According to existing literature and despite their commercial success, state-of-the-art two-stage non-iterative geographic object-based image analysis (GEOBIA systems and three-stage iterative geographic object-oriented image analysis (GEOOIA systems, where GEOOIA/GEOBIA, remain affected by a lack of productivity, general consensus and research. To outperform the degree of automation, accuracy, efficiency, robustness, scalability and timeliness of existing GEOBIA/GEOOIA systems in compliance with the Quality Assurance Framework for Earth Observation (QA4EO guidelines, this methodological work is split into two parts. The present first paper provides a multi-disciplinary Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats (SWOT analysis of the GEOBIA/GEOOIA approaches that augments similar analyses proposed in recent years. In line with constraints stemming from human vision, this SWOT analysis promotes a shift of learning paradigm in the pre-attentive vision first stage of a remote sensing (RS image understanding system (RS-IUS, from sub-symbolic statistical model-based (inductive image segmentation to symbolic physical model-based (deductive image preliminary classification. Hence, a symbolic deductive pre-attentive vision first stage accomplishes image sub-symbolic segmentation and image symbolic pre-classification simultaneously. In the second part of this work a novel hybrid (combined deductive and inductive RS-IUS architecture featuring a symbolic deductive pre-attentive vision first stage is proposed and discussed in terms of: (a computational theory (system design; (b information/knowledge representation; (c algorithm design; and (d implementation. As proof-of-concept of symbolic physical model-based pre-attentive vision first stage, the spectral knowledge-based, operational, near real-time Satellite Image Automatic Mapper™ (SIAM™ is selected from existing literature. To the best of these authors’ knowledge, this is the first time a

  19. Towards operational near real-time flood detection using a split-based automatic thresholding procedure on high resolution TerraSAR-X data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Martinis

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, an automatic near-real time (NRT flood detection approach is presented, which combines histogram thresholding and segmentation based classification, specifically oriented to the analysis of single-polarized very high resolution Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR satellite data. The challenge of SAR-based flood detection is addressed in a completely unsupervised way, which assumes no training data and therefore no prior information about the class statistics to be available concerning the area of investigation. This is usually the case in NRT-disaster management, where the collection of ground truth information is not feasible due to time-constraints. A simple thresholding algorithm can be used in the most of the cases to distinguish between "flood" and "non-flood" pixels in a high resolution SAR image to detect the largest part of an inundation area. Due to the fact that local gray-level changes may not be distinguished by global thresholding techniques in large satellite scenes the thresholding algorithm is integrated into a split-based approach for the derivation of a global threshold by the analysis and combination of the split inherent information. The derived global threshold is then integrated into a multi-scale segmentation step combining the advantages of small-, medium- and large-scale per parcel segmentation. Experimental investigations performed on a TerraSAR-X Stripmap scene from southwest England during large scale flooding in the summer 2007 show high classification accuracies of the proposed split-based approach in combination with image segmentation and optional integration of digital elevation models.

  20. Subjects and educational objectives of specialized training courses for power plant operators (masters). Vol. 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Presentation of training guidelines and subjects taught in a brief survey. The interdisciplinary training schemes are given in particular, including subjects and educational objectives, number of teaching hours. etc. The courses are intended to provide the basic knowledge required for cost-conscious action, law-conscious action, and efficient teamwork. (HAG)

  1. Development of a quality program for training to nuclear power plant operations personnel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A Quality Programme for Training (QPT) was developed within the framework of the multidisciplinary Quality Assurance System designed by Tecnatom. This QPT is a document developing the Quality principles contained in the Tecnatom Quality Manual to be applicable to training. A brief description is given of the content of all chapters of the QPT, i.e. introduction, organization (subdivided into three parts: description of the organization, functional responsibilities, and personnel qualification), analysis control, design control, development control, implementation control, training system, evaluation control, procedures and instructions, training facilities, equipment and training materials, documents and records control, and other quality assurance criteria (subdivided into the following parts: audits, non-conforming materials equipment, services and processes, and corrective actions). (Z.S.)

  2. Internet Operation Problem of Virtual Experimental Environment Construction and Automatic Marking Research%Internet操作题虚拟实验环境搭建及自动阅卷研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈永松

    2013-01-01

    针对计算机基础Internet操作题实验教学中,使用真实操作环境难以检验学生结果,提出In-ternet操作题虚拟实验环境的搭建和在虚拟环境下进行自动阅卷的方法.在服务器端,通过程序调用IIS相关功能自动生成WEB虚拟目录,调用小型绿色免费服务器软件,自动生成大批量FTP、邮件账号信息和FTP、邮件虚拟目录,并自动启动相关服务,实现一键完成Internet主要操作题型服务器端虚拟环境的搭建.在客户端中通过客户端程序自动设置Outlook Express账号,实现完整实验操作环境的搭建.在自动阅卷方面重点介绍接收邮件的自动阅卷方法,其它题型也简单介绍了自动阅卷采用的方法和技术.%In view of the computer based on Internet operating problems in experiment teaching,using real operating environment to test students results is difficult,put forward to build virtual Internet operation experiment environment and virtual environment under the automatic tagging method.On the server side,through the procedure call IIS functions related to automatically generate the WEB virtual directory,by calling the small green free server software,automatically create bulk FTP account information,mail account information and FTP virtual directories,mail virtual directory,and automatical ly start services,to achieve the click of a button to complete the Internet main operation type server virtual environment to build.In the client through the client program automatically set Outlook Express account,achieve complete experimental operating environment to build.In the automatic marking mainly presented to receive mail automatic marking methods,other questions also introduced a simple automatic marking methods and technology.

  3. Operator's Manual, Boiler Room Operations and Maintenance. Supplement A, Air Pollution Training Institute Self-Instructional Course SI-466.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC. Air Pollution Training Inst.

    This Operator's Manual is a supplement to a self-instructional course prepared for the United States Environmental Protection Agency. This publication is the Boiler Room Handbook for operating and maintaining the boiler and the boiler room. As the student completes this handbook, he is putting together a manual for running his own boiler. The…

  4. Crane and Hoisting Equipment Operator Boom Truck Operator: Apprenticeship Course Outline. Apprenticeship and Industry Training. 34-305.2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Advanced Education and Technology, 2005

    2005-01-01

    The graduate of the Crane and Hoisting Equipment Operator Boom Truck Operator apprenticeship program is a certified journeyperson who will be able to: (1) responsibly do all work tasks expected of a journeyperson; (2) correctly use and care for tools and materials which are required to carry out the normal service and maintenance of the machines…

  5. Training safely, Training safety

    OpenAIRE

    Jianjun Wu; An, M.; Jin, Y.; H. Geng

    2014-01-01

    It is the basic requirement of maritime safety education to guarantee the safety of teaching operation while training the crew's occupation safety capability. Marine Training Center of Shanghai Maritime University has undertaken the practical teaching of "marine survival" for many years and come up with the whole safety procedures of training. Based on the requirements of SOLAS convention and regulations of STCW over crew training, this paper introduces the safety allocation, utilization and ...

  6. Quality performance-based training enhances safe and effective transport operations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    If the hazardous materials transportation industry is to reduce human error, reduce accidents, and improve its public image, there must be assurance that transportation personnel are properly trained and qualified to perform their jobs in a safe and efficient manner. This training must make them intimately aware of the hazards and risks associated with transport activities, ensure understanding of responsibilities and liabilities unique to their job, and ensure that they can competently perform functional duties vital to safety. To ensure that trained and qualified personnel are on the job, it is essential that the training be performance-based and require trainees to demonstrate functional proficiency. Performance-based training has proven to be a highly effective means of ensuring personnel are qualified to conduct their assignments safely and efficiently. This training is designed around the basic premise that training must be provided that supplies the information necessary for each worker to perform their assigned duties at a predetermined and acceptable level of expertise and skill. (J.P.N.)

  7. Efficacy of several commercially formulated essential oils against caged female Aedes albopictus and Culex quinquefasciatus when operationally applied via an automatic-timed insecticide application system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cilek, J E; Hallmon, C F; Johnson, R

    2011-09-01

    The effectiveness of several commercially available products containing plant essential oils against caged female Aedes albopictus and Culex quinquefasciatus was studied. Products operationally applied via an automatic-timed insecticide application system (MistAway) at maximum label rates were EcoExempt MC (9.0 ml/liter, rosemary oil [18% AI], cinnamon oil [2% AI], lemongrass oil [2% AI], plus 78% "other ingredients" in wintergreen oil). Misting System Concentrate (4 ml/liter, oil of Juniperus virginiana [85% AI]), Mosquito Barrier (31.1 ml/liter, garlic oil [99.3% AI], and citric acid [0.5% AI]), and No-See-Um Organic Repellent (99.5 ml/liter, lemongrass [4% AI], citronella [3% AI], castor oil [3% AI], sodium laurate [3%], and garlic oil [1% AI] in an 86% [AI] mixture of wintergreen oil, lecithin, and water). All products were compared with a commercial formulation of synergized pyrethrins, Riptide (9.0 ml/liter, pyrethrins [5% AI], piperonyl butoxide [25% AI]), as a standard. Mortality was the greatest for Riptide to both mosquito species with effectiveness influenced by distance from the nozzle (ranging from > 80% at 3 m to > 10% at 20 m). The essential oil products resulted in species regardless of application exposure distance with the exception of EcoExempt, which gave approximately 13% mortality of caged female Ae. albopictus 6 m from the nozzles. PMID:22017089

  8. The effects of aviation-style non-technical skills training on technical performance and outcome in the operating theatre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCulloch, P; Mishra, A; Handa, A; Dale, T; Hirst, G; Catchpole, K

    2009-04-01

    Unintended harm to patients in operating theatres is common. Correlations have been demonstrated between teamwork skills and error rates in theatres. This was a single-institution uncontrolled before-after study of the effects of "non-technical" skills training on attitudes, teamwork, technical performance and clinical outcome in laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and carotid endarterectomy (CEA) operations. The setting was the theatre suite of a UK teaching hospital. Attitudes were measured using the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ). Teamwork was scored using the Oxford Non-Technical Skills (NOTECHS) method. Operative technical errors (OTEs), non-operative procedural errors (NOPEs), complications, operating time and length of hospital stay (LOS) were recorded. A 9 h classroom non-technical skills course based on aviation "Crew Resource Management" (CRM) was offered to all staff, followed by 3 months of twice-weekly coaching from CRM experts. Forty-eight procedures (26 LC and 22 CEA) were studied before intervention, and 55 (32 and 23) afterwards. Non-technical skills and attitudes improved after training (NOTECHS increase 37.0 to 38.7, t = -2.35, p = 0.021, SAQ teamwork climate increase 64.1 to 69.2, t = -2.95, p = 0.007). OTEs declined from 1.73 to 0.98 (u = 1071, p = 0.009), and NOPEs from 8.48 to 5.16 per operation (t = 4.383, pbenefit. PMID:19342524

  9. Full scope simulator of a nuclear power plant control room using 3D stereo virtual reality techniques for operators training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Practical training of nuclear power plants operators are partially performed by means of simulators. Usually these simulators are physical copies of the original control roam, needing a large space on a facility being also very expensive. In this way, the proposal of this paper is to implement the use of Virtual Reality techniques to design a full scope control room simulator, in a manner to reduce costs and physical space usage. (author)

  10. Operational Efficiency of an Immunization Clinic Attached to Rural Health Training Centre in Delhi, India: A Time and Motion Study

    OpenAIRE

    Varun Kumar; Abha Mangal; Sanjeet Panesar; Geeta Yadav; Richa Talwar; Deepak Raut; Saudan Singh

    2014-01-01

    Background. Obtaining baseline data about current patterns of work is important for assessing the effects of interventions designed to improve care delivery. Time and motion studies allow for the most accurate measurement of structured components. Therefore, the present study was conducted to study the operational efficiency of an immunization clinic in Delhi, India. Methods. An observational cross-sectional study was conducted at the immunization clinic of Rural Health Training Centre in Del...

  11. Educating and training north american travel agents and tour operators with webinars: the case of Switzerland Tourism North America

    OpenAIRE

    Kurt, Victoria; Salamin, Anne-Dominique

    2015-01-01

    Switzerland Tourism provides reliable, informative, high quality and long-term contacts to key accounts such as Travel Agents and Tour Operators in North America with the aim of boosting Switzerland’s presence in the market. The Trade Department is using various online tools such as e-learning platforms, a social media group and Webinars to educate and train the travel professionals. Since 2003, participants to Webinars have increased smoothly; therefore the Company would like to know if this...

  12. Development of a VR training system of robotic peroral operation procedure for endoscopic surgery of digestive tracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report presents the development of a VR (virtual real) training system of robotic peroral operation procedure for endoscopic resection of gastric mucosa as the training is essential because the procedure differs from usual one hitherto. For VR operation space, used is reporters' sphere-filled organ model (SFM), which is deformed by and repels to, the outside force as a soft tissue rapidly in the real time. The deformation and repellence are computable. The SFM space is reconstructed to 3D of the inner environment of stomach using MRI data. The endoscope has, at the right and left side of its top, 2 arms of inner needle knife-equipped robotic forceps and is inserted perorally for operation. In VR, the forceps can grab the gastric mucosa, cut it with the knife to complete resection and carry the specimen out of the body. For the procedure training, the time required for hemostasis, bleeding volume, trace of the arms, intensity and direction of the outer force given are recorded, with which trainee's safety and degree of skill are evaluable in VR. Hydration step and clipping to close the wound are to be further added in the procedure. (T.T.)

  13. Railway automatic safety protection system based on GPS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fu Hai Juan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The automatic protection system of railway safety is designed for the railway construction workers to protect alarm, and the safety protection device by using GPS satellite positioning system to acquire location information of the operating point, through the CTC/TDCS system and computer monitoring system for the running of the train position and the arithmetic distance. Achieving timely and continuously forecasts about the distance of the train which is apart from the operating point to prompt the voice alarm of the approaching train. Using digital technology to realize the function of the traditional analog interphone, eliminates the quality problems of the call. With the GSM-R, mobile wireless transmission channel and terminal technology, it overcomes the restrictions of the analog interphone which influenced by communication distance and more problems of blind areas. Finally to achieve practical, convenient, applicable and adaptable design goals.

  14. The automatic NMR gaussmeter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper describes the automatic gaussmeter operating according to the principle of nuclear magnetic resonance. There have been discussed the operating principle, the block diagram and operating parameters of the meter. It can be applied to measurements of induction in electromagnets of wide-line radio-spectrometers EPR and NMR and in calibration stands of magnetic induction values. Frequency range of an autodyne oscillator from 0,6 up to 86 MHz for protons is corresponding to the field range from 0.016 up to 2T. Applicaton of other nuclei, such as 7Li and 2D is also foreseen. The induction measurement is carried over automatically, and the NMR signal and value of measured induction are displayed on a monitor screen. (author)

  15. Electronic amplifiers for automatic compensators

    CERN Document Server

    Polonnikov, D Ye

    1965-01-01

    Electronic Amplifiers for Automatic Compensators presents the design and operation of electronic amplifiers for use in automatic control and measuring systems. This book is composed of eight chapters that consider the problems of constructing input and output circuits of amplifiers, suppression of interference and ensuring high sensitivity.This work begins with a survey of the operating principles of electronic amplifiers in automatic compensator systems. The succeeding chapters deal with circuit selection and the calculation and determination of the principal characteristics of amplifiers, as

  16. Military leadership with an operational effect in asymmetric operations - A new military leadership training concept in a new world

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barfod, Jakob Rømer

    2015-01-01

    cultures and backgrounds who must work together under great pressure: if necessary, they must take the life of others and risk their own lives in order to achieve specific goals. An important part of the preparation is a process of creating a common language and shared concepts between team members....... Suddenly, it was extremely important that the Danish Defence transformed to a more expeditionary force capable of conducting asymmetric operations in different environments far away from Denmark. This is not done overnight but demands a new situational awareness in proportion to the need for leadership...

  17. 75 FR 2490 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Naval Explosive Ordnance Disposal School Training Operations...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-15

    ... marine mammals, by harassment, incidental to Naval Explosive Ordnance Disposal School (NEODS) training... Authorization (IHA) for the same activity in 2005 (70 FR 51341; August 30, 2005), 2006 (70 FR 60693; October 16, 2006), 2007 (72 FR 58290; October 15, 2007), and 2008 (73 FR 56800, September 30, 2008). The...

  18. 77 FR 25435 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Naval Explosive Ordnance Disposal School Training Operations...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-30

    ... FR 16718) and final regulation in the Federal Register authorizing take by Level B harassment of... Marine Mammals, by Level B Harassment, Incidental to Naval Explosive Ordnance Disposal School Training...'' under the provisions of the NDAA. On January, 15, 2010, NMFS published notification of receipt (75...

  19. 75 FR 60694 - Taking and Importing Marine Mammals; Naval Explosive Ordnance Disposal School Training Operations...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    .... Sirenians West Indian (Florida) manatee Coastal, rivers and EN D. (Trichechus manatus latirostris... published a Notice of Receipt (75 FR 2490) in the Federal Register for the U.S. Air Force's NEODS training... Incidental Harassment Authorizations (IHA) for almost identical activities in 2005 (70 FR 51341; August...

  20. Implementation of emergency operating procedures through hydraulic modelling and trainee performance evaluation for Fuel Handling Training Simulator (FHTS) for TAPS-3 and 4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The role of Emergency operating procedures (EOPs) is to manage various off-normal situations in nuclear power plants (NPPs). EOPs provides instructions to guide operators in monitoring, decision making, and controlling the nuclear power plant during process disturbances that could potentially affect safety and operation. EOPs are typically paper based and are complex. Paper-based procedures have limitation to present information to the trainee operators. Computer based hydraulic simulator developed for Fuel Handling Training Simulator allows operation of emergency situations that are not permissible under normal exploitation conditions due to safety limitations. Simulator software also includes assessment features that enable objective review of trainee operator's acquired capacities. Using the simulator based training the instructor is able to apply various exercise set-ups and scenarios (lesson plans) that include different fault finding tasks. This paper describes the development of the Hydraulic simulation module, Lesson Plan Module and Trainee Operator Evaluation tool for Fuel Handling Training Simulator. (author)

  1. Simulator of a geotermoelectric unit for the training of operators; Simulador de una unidad geotermoelectrica para entrenamiento de operadores

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tavira Mondragon, Jose Antonio; Lopez Aguilera, Diana Monica; Roldan Villasana, Edgardo Javier; Rodriguez Lozano, Saul [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Temixco, Morelos (Mexico)

    1999-07-01

    The use of simulators replica in real time for operators training has demonstrated to be one of the best forms to enable the personnel of the Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE). This article shows the basic characteristics of a simulator replica of the Cerro Prieto geotermoelectric power station of Baja California. It is expected that with this simulator 400 people between operators, shift superintendents and operation and maintenance auxiliary personnel become qualified. [Spanish] El uso de simuladores replica en tiempo real para entrenamiento de operadores de centrales generadoras ha demostrado ser una de las mejores formas de capacitar al personal de la Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE). Este articulo muestra las caracteristicas principales de un simulador replica de la central geotermoelectrica de Cerro Prieto Baja California. Se espera que con este simulador se capaciten 400 personas entre operadores, superintendentes de turno y auxiliares de operacion y mantenimiento.

  2. Image simulation for automatic license plate recognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bala, Raja; Zhao, Yonghui; Burry, Aaron; Kozitsky, Vladimir; Fillion, Claude; Saunders, Craig; Rodríguez-Serrano, José

    2012-01-01

    Automatic license plate recognition (ALPR) is an important capability for traffic surveillance applications, including toll monitoring and detection of different types of traffic violations. ALPR is a multi-stage process comprising plate localization, character segmentation, optical character recognition (OCR), and identification of originating jurisdiction (i.e. state or province). Training of an ALPR system for a new jurisdiction typically involves gathering vast amounts of license plate images and associated ground truth data, followed by iterative tuning and optimization of the ALPR algorithms. The substantial time and effort required to train and optimize the ALPR system can result in excessive operational cost and overhead. In this paper we propose a framework to create an artificial set of license plate images for accelerated training and optimization of ALPR algorithms. The framework comprises two steps: the synthesis of license plate images according to the design and layout for a jurisdiction of interest; and the modeling of imaging transformations and distortions typically encountered in the image capture process. Distortion parameters are estimated by measurements of real plate images. The simulation methodology is successfully demonstrated for training of OCR.

  3. EXPERIENCES OF OPERATING AND STUDYING IN SECOND LIFE: Conclusions for Training Design

    OpenAIRE

    Riitta LISKI; Irma SYREN

    2011-01-01

    The Educational Association Citizens´ Forum SKAF ry is an educational institution for non-formal education. The Citizens’ Forum has been an active Second Life participant since 2007, researching its potential and challenges in educational use and non-governmental organisation activities. The first training sessions were organised in 2008 on a block of land rented from EduFinland I island. Later, ownership was acquired of the Suomi ry (Finland ry) island, which was customised to serve Finnish ...

  4. EXPERIENCES OF OPERATING AND STUDYING IN SECOND LIFE: Conclusions for Training Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riitta LISKI

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The Educational Association Citizens´ Forum SKAF ry is an educational institution for non-formal education. The Citizens’ Forum has been an active Second Life participant since 2007, researching its potential and challenges in educational use and non-governmental organisation activities. The first training sessions were organised in 2008 on a block of land rented from EduFinland I island. Later, ownership was acquired of the Suomi ry (Finland ry island, which was customised to serve Finnish organisations and non-governmental organisations (further NGO. The citizens’ Forum’s training courses have covered training in Second Life and the organisation of cooperative meetings and various other events in Second Life. The overall length of training sessions has been one month. Each course has consisted of 3-5. 1.5 hour meetings in Second Life and interim tasks completed either individually or in small groups. In addition to Second Life, Moodle, an online learning environment, has been employed in which tasks, experiences and feedback have been gathered and which has also contained written summaries of what was learned during the Second Life meetings. The Second Life environment has also been regularly utilised in Citizens’ Forum staff and various other work group work related meetings.Funding and ventures 2008: Ministry of Education special funding, Initiation of Second Life courses and construction of environment 2009-2010: ESF programme Open Learning Environments-AVO venture, development and implementation of Second Life educational programmes.This article is based on practical experiences gained from Ø suitability of cooperative educational processes for Second LifeØ constructing a Second Life environment for educational useØ suitability of Second Life technology and tools for education and team workØ practical methods related to educational situations .

  5. Efficacy of pre-operative progressive resistance training on post-operative outcomes in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skoffer, Birgit; Maribo, Thomas; Mechlenburg, Inger; Hansen, Per M; Søballe, Kjeld; Dalgas, Ulrik

    2015-01-01

    chair stand test (30sCST), timed-up-and-go (TUG) and walking tests), knee extensor and flexor muscle strength (dynamometry), patient-reported functional performance, health-related quality of life, and pain scores were evaluated. RESULTS: When comparing the changes from baseline to the primary test...... point 6 weeks after TKA, a significant group difference in favor of the intervention group was found for the 30sCST (2.5 rep. (0.9;4.1) vs. -1.1 rep. (-2.8;0.7), p<0.004), the TUG (-0.7 sec (-1.6;0.1) vs. 0.8 sec (-0.1;1.7), p=0.015), normalized knee extensor muscle strength (-0.2 Nm/kg (-0.3;-0.1) vs....... -0.4 Nm/kg (-0.5;-0.3), p=0.002) and normalized knee flexor muscle strength (0.1 Nm/kg (0.0;0.2) vs. 0.0 Nm/kg (-0.1;0.1), p=0.016). No differences were found between groups on patient-reported outcomes. CONCLUSION: Supervised pre-operative PRT is an efficacious and safe intervention for improving...

  6. Office for Analysis and Evaluation of Operational Data 1996 annual report. Volume 10, Number 3: Technical training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This annual report of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Office for Analysis and Evaluation of Operational Data (AEOD) describes activities conducted during 1996. The report is published in three parts. NUREG-1272, Vol. 10, No. 1, covers power reactors and presents an overview of the operating experience of the nuclear power industry from the NRC perspective, including comments about trends of some key performance measures. The report also includes the principal findings and issues identified in AEOD studies over the past year and summarizes information from such sources as licensee event reports and reports to the NRC's Operations Center. NUREG-1272, Vol. 10, No. 2, covers nuclear materials and presents a review of the events and concerns during 1996 associated with the use of licensed material in nonreactor applications, such as personnel overexposures and medical misadministrations. Both reports also contain a discussion of the Incident Investigation Team program and summarize both the Incident Investigation Team and Augmented Inspection Team reports. Each volume contains a list of the AEOD reports issued from CY 1980 through 1996. NUREG-1272, Vol. 10, No. 3, covers technical training and presents the activities of the Technical Training Center in support of the NRC's mission in 1996

  7. Introduction to Chemistry for Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant Operators. Water and Wastewater Training Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    South Dakota Dept. of Environmental Protection, Pierre.

    Presented are basic concepts of chemistry necessary for operators who manage drinking water treatment plants and wastewater facilities. It includes discussions of chemical terms and concepts, laboratory procedures for basic analyses of interest to operators, and discussions of appropriate chemical calculations. Exercises are included and answer…

  8. The Text of the Regional Co-operative Agreement for Research, Development and Training related to Nuclear Science and Technology, 1987

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the Regional Co-operative Agreement for Research, Development and Training Related to Nuclear Science and Technology, 1987 (the 1987 RCA), is reproduced herein for the information of all Members

  9. Text of an African regional co-operative agreement for research, development and training related to nuclear science and technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As of 1 September 1994, notifications of acceptance of the African Regional Co-operative Agreement for Research, Development and Training Related to Nuclear Science and Technology (see INFCIRC/377), in accordance with Article XIII thereof, had been received by the Director General from the Governments of: Tunisia, Egypt, Algeria, Nigeria, Madagascar, Libya, Morocco, Kenya, Sudan, Ghana, Tanzania, Mauritius, Cameroon, South Africa, Zaire, Ethiopia, Zambia, Niger. The Agreement entered into force on 4 April 1990, the date of receipt of the third notification of acceptance

  10. Nuclear plant analyzer: An efficient tool for training and operational analyses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The advanced computer technology available now at low cost, combined with the maturity of the best-estimate engineering codes are the fundamentals of the Nuclear Plant Analyzer (NPA). At Tractebel Energy Engineering (TEE), the RELAP5 advanced thermal-hydraulics code is used as basis for the NPA that is mainly used for the training of simulator instructors and plant personnel. Using the special graphical features of the NPA, a set of six course modules has been prepared to provide an in-depth physical understanding of the main thermal-hydraulic phenomena that dominate nuclear power plant behavior in normal and accidental plant conditions. (author)

  11. PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT. AN ANALYSIS OF CHALLENGES, CHANGES IN COMMAND ACTION AND TRAINING NEEDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ünsal SIĞRI

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to uncover emerging challenges of peacekeeping operations, determine the changes in command actions and its effects on the professional preparation of commanders by analyzing experiences of military officers. To that end the research data were collected by means of structured face-to- face interviews with voluntary participation of fourteen officers, who took charge in various peacekeeping operations. The collected data were analyzed based on the content analysis method. Findings indicate that peacekeeping operations pose specific challenges for peacekeepers, necessitate changes in command action in terms of flexibility and new precautions in terms of preparation of commanders.

  12. A low-cost PWR nuclear power plant simulator for initial operator training and educational purposes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work presents the overview of a simple and low-cost PWR power plant simulator which works together with IBM compatible P C computers. It simulates some normal operation functions as well as some emergency conditions that follow a reactor trip. In terms of its simplicity and facility of operation, it can be seen as a good tool to introduce new people in this kind of plant operation. It is also believed to have interesting uses in educational purposes. (author). 6 refs., 6 figs

  13. Error Rates in Users of Automatic Face Recognition Software.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David White

    Full Text Available In recent years, wide deployment of automatic face recognition systems has been accompanied by substantial gains in algorithm performance. However, benchmarking tests designed to evaluate these systems do not account for the errors of human operators, who are often an integral part of face recognition solutions in forensic and security settings. This causes a mismatch between evaluation tests and operational accuracy. We address this by measuring user performance in a face recognition system used to screen passport applications for identity fraud. Experiment 1 measured target detection accuracy in algorithm-generated 'candidate lists' selected from a large database of passport images. Accuracy was notably poorer than in previous studies of unfamiliar face matching: participants made over 50% errors for adult target faces, and over 60% when matching images of children. Experiment 2 then compared performance of student participants to trained passport officers-who use the system in their daily work-and found equivalent performance in these groups. Encouragingly, a group of highly trained and experienced "facial examiners" outperformed these groups by 20 percentage points. We conclude that human performance curtails accuracy of face recognition systems-potentially reducing benchmark estimates by 50% in operational settings. Mere practise does not attenuate these limits, but superior performance of trained examiners suggests that recruitment and selection of human operators, in combination with effective training and mentorship, can improve the operational accuracy of face recognition systems.

  14. Academic Training Lecture | LHC Operation: Past and Future by Mike Lamont | 10-12 September

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    After a successful first running period, LHC is now well into a two year shutdown for extensive consolidation. A pedagogical overview of the machine, its operating principles, its systems and underlying accelerator physics is presented. Performance past and future is discussed.   These lectures will be presented in three parts: LHC Operation: Past and Future (1/3): Tuesday 10 September 2013 from 11:00 to 12:00 at CERN (222-R-001 - Filtration Plant) LHC Operation: Past and Future (2/3): Wednesday 11 September from 11:00 to 12:00 at CERN (222-R-001 - Filtration Plant) LHC Operation: Past and Future (3/3): Thursday 12 September from 11:00 to 12:00 at CERN (222-R-001 - Filtration Plant) Click here to view the event details on Indico.

  15. Safety evaluation report related to the renewal of the operating license for the training and research reactor at the University of Maryland (Docket No. 50-166)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Safety Evaluation Report for the application filed by the University of Maryland (UMD) for a renewal of operating license R-70 to continue to operate a training and research reactor facility has been prepared by the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The facility is owned and operated by the University of Maryland and is located at a site in College Park, Prince Georges County, Maryland. The staff concludes that this training reactor facility can continue to be operated by UMD without endangering the health and safety of the public

  16. Safety Evaluation Report related to the renewal of the operating license for the TRIGA training and research reactor at the University of Utah (Docket No. 50-407)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Safety Evaluation Report for the application filed by the University of Utah (UU) for a renewal of operating license R-126 to continue to operate a training and research reactor facility has been prepared by the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The facility is owned and operated by the University of Utah and is located on its campus in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah. The staff concludes that this training reactor facility can continue to be operated by UU without endangering the health and safety of the public

  17. A training simulator ensures the competence of operating and maintenance staff

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaivola, R.; Tamminen, L. [ed.

    1997-11-01

    IVO Generation Services Ltd (IGS) has overall responsibility made on the basis of long-term contracts for the operation and maintenance of the customers` power plants. Partnership is the key concept, and customers are thus able to concentrate on their own specific business activities. Research and development projects are primarily aimed at cutting the customer`s power generation costs and at increasing the efficiency of operation and maintenance

  18. Proceedings of the workshop on operator training for severe accident management and instrumentation capabilities during severe accidents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Workshop was organised in collaboration with Electricite de France (Service Etudes et Projets Thermiques et Nucleaires). There were 34 participants, representing thirteen OECD Member countries, the Russian Federation and the OECD/NEA. Almost half the participants represented utilities. The second largest group was regulatory authorities and their technical support organisations. Basically, the Workshop was a follow-up to the 1997 Second Specialist Meeting on Operator Aids for Severe Accident Management (SAMOA-2) [Reports NEA/CSNI/R(97)10 and 27] and to the 1992 Specialist Meeting on Instrumentation to Manage Severe Accidents [Reports NEA/CSNI/R(92)11 and (93)3]. It was aimed at sharing and comparing progress made and experience gained from these two meetings, emphasizing practical lessons learnt during training or incidents as well as feedback from instrumentation capability assessment. The objectives of the Workshop were therefore: - to exchange information on recent and current activities in the area of operator training for SAM, and lessons learnt during the management of real incidents ('operator' is defined hear as all personnel involved in SAM); - to compare capabilities and use of instrumentation available during severe accidents; - to monitor progress made; - to identify and discuss differences between approaches relevant to reactor safety; - and to make recommendations to the Working Group on the Analysis and Management of Accidents and the CSNI (GAMA). The meeting confirmed that only limited information is needed for making required decisions for SAM. In most cases existing instrumentation should be able to provide usable information. Additional instrumentation requirements may arise from particular accident management measures implemented in some plants. In any case, depending on the time frame where the instrumentation should be relied upon, it should be assessed whether it is likely to survive the harsh environmental conditions it will be exposed

  19. Error analysis of nuclear power plant operator cognitive behavior

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear power plant is a complex human-machine system integrated with many advanced machines, electron devices and automatic controls. It demands operators to have high cognitive ability and correct analysis skill. The author divides operator's cognitive process into five stages to analysis. With this cognitive model, operator's cognitive error is analysed to get the root causes and stages that error happens. The results of the analysis serve as a basis in design of control rooms and training and evaluation of operators

  20. Small Scale Irrigation Systems: A Training Manual. Planning--Construction--Operation and Maintenance of Small Scale Irrigation Systems. A Two-Week In-Service Training Program for Peace Corps Volunteers. Training for Development. Peace Corps Information Collection & Exchange Training Manual No. T-13.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Development Planning and Research Associates, Inc., Manhattan, KS.

    This manual provides materials for a two-week inservice training program for Peace Corps volunteers on the planning, construction, and operation and maintenance of small-scale irrigation systems. The workshop is designed to be given by two experienced professionals: one with practical knowledge of irrigation system design, operation, and…

  1. Automatic readout micrometer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A measuring system is disclosed for surveying and very accurately positioning objects with respect to a reference line. A principal use of this surveying system is for accurately aligning the electromagnets which direct a particle beam emitted from a particle accelerator. Prior art surveying systems require highly skilled surveyors. Prior art systems include, for example, optical surveying systems which are susceptible to operator reading errors, and celestial navigation-type surveying systems, with their inherent complexities. The present invention provides an automatic readout micrometer which can very accurately measure distances. The invention has a simplicity of operation which practically eliminates the possibilities of operator optical reading error, owning to the elimination of traditional optical alignments for making measurements. The invention has an extendable arm which carries a laser surveying target. The extendable arm can be continuously positioned over its entire length of travel by either a coarse or fine adjustment without having the fine adjustment outrun the coarse adjustment until a reference laser beam is centered on the target as indicated by a digital readout. The length of the micrometer can then be accurately and automatically read by a computer and compared with a standardized set of alignment measurements. Due to its construction, the micrometer eliminates any errors due to temperature changes when the system is operated within a standard operating temperature range

  2. Practical training in the operation of nuclear power plants with Interactive Graphic Simulator of Zorita

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In April 2008 a collaboration agreement was signed between Gas Natural Union Fenosa and the Universad Politecnica de Madrid for the creation of the Aula Jose Cabrera dedicated to train professionals in the field of nuclear technology. The Classroom located in the Department of Nuclear Engineering, has been equipped with the Interactive Graphic Simulator of Zorita (SGIZ). The use of the simulator intended to improve the quality of teaching in the area of Nuclear Engineering. It integrates in the teachings of Industrial Engineering degree and the Master of Nuclear Science and Technology. Different manuals are under preparation to make it a suitable tool for teaching purpose. These manuals will guide the student so that learning takes place both through the guidance of the teacher as independently. (Author) 3 refs.

  3. Resilience and the Training of Nuclear Operators - A View from the Shop Floor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper reports results from an interview about resilience with a practitioner from the nuclear industry. The aim of the interview was to understand how a practitioner construes of resilience, where and how it may be relevant for his/her everyday work, and what the practical constraints and limitations of RE may be when applied to the nuclear domain. The interview produced interesting results on how resilience may be improved through training on beyond-design-base scenarios, and where there are practical limitations to flexibility and adaptability of work practices and work environments. To facilitate discussion with the practitioner, a timeline representation of resilience was developed and is reported in the paper. (authors)

  4. Reliability and effectiveness of clickthrough data for automatic image annotation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tsikrika, T.; Diou, C.; De Vries, A.P.; Delopoulos, A.

    2010-01-01

    Automatic image annotation using supervised learning is performed by concept classifiers trained on labelled example images. This work proposes the use of clickthrough data collected from search logs as a source for the automatic generation of concept training data, thus avoiding the expensive manua

  5. Man-system interface based on automatic speech recognition: integration to a virtual control desk

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work reports the implementation of a man-system interface based on automatic speech recognition, and its integration to a virtual nuclear power plant control desk. The later is aimed to reproduce a real control desk using virtual reality technology, for operator training and ergonomic evaluation purpose. An automatic speech recognition system was developed to serve as a new interface with users, substituting computer keyboard and mouse. They can operate this virtual control desk in front of a computer monitor or a projection screen through spoken commands. The automatic speech recognition interface developed is based on a well-known signal processing technique named cepstral analysis, and on artificial neural networks. The speech recognition interface is described, along with its integration with the virtual control desk, and results are presented. (author)

  6. Kinematic Operating Modes of Two-Speed Two-Carrier Planetary Gear Trains with Four External Shafts

    OpenAIRE

    Troha, Sanjin; Žigulić, Roberto; Karaivanov, Dimitar

    2014-01-01

    Two-speed planetary gear trains with four external shafts, composed of two simple planetary gear trains, are considered in this paper. The labelling system of these trains is defined and all possible variants are determined. Planetary gear trains are divided into three different design groups, and characteristics of trains of each group are given. Possible power flows through the train at both gears for every group are described. An example of determining the function of transmission ratios o...

  7. Reports of the Technical Assessment Task Force on selection, training, qualification, and licensing of Three Mile Island reactor operating personnel; technical assessment of operating, abnormal, and emergency procedures; control room design and performance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As a part of the effort to identify and evaluate the possible causes of the Three Mile Island accident, an analysis of operator training, qualification, licensing, selection, and manning was conducted by the staff. The study included review of documents, interviews, and depositions at Three Mile Island, Babcock and Wilcox, and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) during June, July, and August 1979. Analysis of the information obtained was conducted almost exclusively by the writer. This paper examines the roles of the actors involved in training and it reviews the various programs which were intended to staff Three Mile Island with sufficient numbers of competent, trained operators and supervisors. The analysis includes a review of the regulations concerning operator training and licensing; describes how the requirements were implemented by the NRC, Metropolitan Edison Company (Met Ed), and Babcock and Wilcox Company (B and W), and then evaluates the programs conducted by these three organizations

  8. Operator training requirements and diagnostic accuracy of Fibroscan in routine clinical practice

    OpenAIRE

    Armstrong, M J; Corbett, C; J. Hodson; N. Marwah; Parker, R.; Houlihan, D D; Rowe, I A; Hazlehurst, J M; Brown, R.; Hübscher, S G; Mutimer, D

    2013-01-01

    Background Fibroscan is a quick, non-invasive technique used to measure liver stiffness (kPa), which correlates with fibrosis. To achieve a valid liver stiffness evaluation (LSE) the operator must obtain all the following three criteria: (1) ≥10 successful liver stiffness measurements; (2) IQR/median ratio

  9. Method to convert manual cuisine into automatic operations based on time-temperature integrators%基于时间温度积分器将手工烹饪转变为自动烹饪的方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓力

    2013-01-01

      烹饪自动化是烹饪研究的主要目的,而当前没有建立在科学基础上的编写自动烹饪程序的方法。通过对已建立的烹饪传热学和动力学数学模型进行全面参数分析,发现手工烹饪中唯一的无法直接参数化为自动烹饪参数的是搅拌。基于此,建立了将手工烹饪转变为自动烹饪的的方法,即将手工烹饪操作参数化,预设并调整搅拌参数,测定2种烹饪的受热程度指标,直到2种烹饪得到菜品的品质达到一致。而时间温度积分器(time-temperature integrators,TTIs)技术,是测定烹饪的受热程度的严谨、客观和可靠的手段。同时从理论上说明了自动烹饪完全可能烹饪出和手工烹饪品质相同的菜品。%Promoting the modernization, standardization and automation of Chinese cuisine is the main target of cuisine research. There have already been hundreds of patents involving automatic cuisine in China, however, problems have emerged. For example, how to control cuisine processing according to a reasonable principle or, in other words, how to convert manual cuisine arts to automatic operations with controlling program. There is not an efficient method to program cuisine processing at present. The author did, however, try to find a solution to this problem. First, all parameters of heat transfer and kinetic mathematical modeling were established which describe the influence of operations on culinary qualities, and were listed in their totality. After a comprehensive study, it was found that stirring is the only parameter of culinary operation processes which is not directly programmable in automatic cuisine,. Thus, stirring parameters of automatic cuisine should be assumed to be a certain value, and other easily available and reliable parameters would be collected from the object of manual cuisine, so that the cuisine programs could be combined and integrated. Then, the integrated automatic cuisine programs would be executed

  10. Design and Implementation of Train Operation Simulation Training Software Platform%列车运行仿真培训软件通用开发平台的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱鸣

    2012-01-01

    Via the research on different standards of ATS system, a method about the train operation simulation training software development platform for common design and implementation is proposed. This method is based on the study of similar and different ATS systems, and has a- chieved a rapid development of a train operation simulation training software.%通过对不同制式ATS(列车自动监控)系统的研究,提出了列车运行仿真培训软件通用开发平台的设计与实现方法.该方法研究各种ATS系统的共性和差异,实现了快速开发各种制式的列车运行仿真培训软件的方法.

  11. Adaptation of CRM training for the railway industry: Operational safety benefits

    OpenAIRE

    Tsang, M.T.S.; Hörmann, H.-J.

    2009-01-01

    In aviation, Crew Resource Management (CRM) was developed to address safety issues derived from accident and incident investigations. As CRM has proven its effectiveness by improving teamwork, communication and staff responses to operational hazards, there have been many attempts to expand this concept into other high-risk sectors such as medical, nuclear, or military. Although some work was also conducted to modify CRM for the railway industry, no such experiences yet existed in China or Hon...

  12. Training reactor VR 1 at the Czech Technical University in Prague is operational

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Detailed information on the construction work of the VR 1 VRABEC training reactor is presented (building and assembling work, inactive tests) and its technical description is given, with emphasis on the conception of the device and the crucial parts of its technology. The basic parameters of the reactor are as follows: rated power output 1 kW(thermal); fuel of the IRT-2M type (36% 235U enrichment, imported from the former USSR); reactor vessels (pools) made of stainless steel, 2300 mm in diameter, 4720 mm high, wall thickness 15 mm, bottom thickness 20 mm; reactor shielding: 3000 mm water layer above the reactor core, lateral shielding: about 850 mm of water plus a 950 mm layer of special heavy concrete; working temperature inside the reactor, which is affected by the ambient temperature, is about 20 degC; reactor core cooling proceeds by natural convection; pressure is atmospheric; control system consists of 5 to 7 UR-70 type control rods distributed as follows: 3 scram rods, 2 control rods, 0 to 2 experimental rods; neutron source: Am-Be, 185 GBq. (Z.S.). 10 figs

  13. Training for safety in the air

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Flight training for international air carriers plays a significant role as regards maintaining a high safety standard. This task is considered under the aspects of (a) hardware, which is the aircraft itself with all technical systems or the respective flight simulator representing the aircraft accurately in a training environment; (b) software, consisting of concepts and procedures for operation and training; and (c) lifeware, which refers to the human operator in the system, including the selection of personnel. Furthermore, information is presented on basic flight training, the transition to a new aircraft, how emergency conditions are dealt with and today's automation in airline flying with a brief look at the future role of automatic safety devices. (author)

  14. Safety Evaluation Report Related to the Renewal of the Operating License for the TRIGA Training and Research Reactor at the University of Utah

    OpenAIRE

    United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulations

    1985-01-01

    This Safety Evaluation Report for the application filed by the University of Utah (UU) for a renewal of operating license R-126 to continue to operate a training and research reactor facility has been prepared by the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The facility is owned and operated by the University of Utah and is located on its campus in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah. The staff concludes that this training reactor facility can conti...

  15. Responding to change - The evolution of operator training for the PFR liquid metals disposal project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cashmore, Stephen [RWE NUKEM Limited, Kelburn Court, Daten Park, Risley, Warrington, Cheshire, WA3 6TW (United Kingdom)

    2006-07-01

    On March 31, 1994 the Prototype Fast Reactor (PFR) at Dounreay on the north coast of Scotland, shut down for the last time. Eight years under construction; an operating life of 20 years; and now PFR had entered what was potentially the longest phase of its career - decommissioning. The initial decommissioning phase started immediately after the reactor shut down. All fuel was removed from the core, conditioned and sent to interim storage pending on-site reprocessing. Likewise the strip out of the turbine hall was a conventional operation, completed, like defueling, within budget and time-scale, leaving a large empty building together with some 1500 te of liquid metals which had to be disposed of. Of the total PFR liquid metals inventory, 900 te were active sodium, 585 te non-active sodium, and the remainder was the sodium/potassium mixture, NaK. Early disposal of this potentially dangerous legacy was clearly a high priority. Experience gained at DFR, the famous Dounreay Fast Reactor, had shown that reacting sodium with a high molarity caustic solution, then neutralizing the resulting effluent with acid to form a salt solution suitable for discharge to sea was the safest and most efficient disposal method. In 1993, a proposal was put forward for a sodium disposal plant. For the whole of its operational life, PFR had been managed and run by the UKAEA, a Government body that had been set up in 1954 and which embodied many of the UK civil service traditions and practices. The management and staffing requirements for the proposed PFR sodium disposal plant initially reflected the civil service background of its designers. The plant was to be operated continuously by 5 shift teams working a 3-shift system. Since its inception UKAEA had been involved in commercial ventures, especially in the fields of isotope production, the hiring out of irradiation facilities, and the fabrication and reprocessing of research reactor fuels; all these being lucrative income streams that

  16. Responding to change - The evolution of operator training for the PFR liquid metals disposal project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On March 31, 1994 the Prototype Fast Reactor (PFR) at Dounreay on the north coast of Scotland, shut down for the last time. Eight years under construction; an operating life of 20 years; and now PFR had entered what was potentially the longest phase of its career - decommissioning. The initial decommissioning phase started immediately after the reactor shut down. All fuel was removed from the core, conditioned and sent to interim storage pending on-site reprocessing. Likewise the strip out of the turbine hall was a conventional operation, completed, like defueling, within budget and time-scale, leaving a large empty building together with some 1500 te of liquid metals which had to be disposed of. Of the total PFR liquid metals inventory, 900 te were active sodium, 585 te non-active sodium, and the remainder was the sodium/potassium mixture, NaK. Early disposal of this potentially dangerous legacy was clearly a high priority. Experience gained at DFR, the famous Dounreay Fast Reactor, had shown that reacting sodium with a high molarity caustic solution, then neutralizing the resulting effluent with acid to form a salt solution suitable for discharge to sea was the safest and most efficient disposal method. In 1993, a proposal was put forward for a sodium disposal plant. For the whole of its operational life, PFR had been managed and run by the UKAEA, a Government body that had been set up in 1954 and which embodied many of the UK civil service traditions and practices. The management and staffing requirements for the proposed PFR sodium disposal plant initially reflected the civil service background of its designers. The plant was to be operated continuously by 5 shift teams working a 3-shift system. Since its inception UKAEA had been involved in commercial ventures, especially in the fields of isotope production, the hiring out of irradiation facilities, and the fabrication and reprocessing of research reactor fuels; all these being lucrative income streams that

  17. Training and operation of an integrated neuromorphic network based on metal-oxide memristors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prezioso, M.; Merrikh-Bayat, F.; Hoskins, B. D.; Adam, G. C.; Likharev, K. K.; Strukov, D. B.

    2015-05-01

    Despite much progress in semiconductor integrated circuit technology, the extreme complexity of the human cerebral cortex, with its approximately 1014 synapses, makes the hardware implementation of neuromorphic networks with a comparable number of devices exceptionally challenging. To provide comparable complexity while operating much faster and with manageable power dissipation, networks based on circuits combining complementary metal-oxide-semiconductors (CMOSs) and adjustable two-terminal resistive devices (memristors) have been developed. In such circuits, the usual CMOS stack is augmented with one or several crossbar layers, with memristors at each crosspoint. There have recently been notable improvements in the fabrication of such memristive crossbars and their integration with CMOS circuits, including first demonstrations of their vertical integration. Separately, discrete memristors have been used as artificial synapses in neuromorphic networks. Very recently, such experiments have been extended to crossbar arrays of phase-change memristive devices. The adjustment of such devices, however, requires an additional transistor at each crosspoint, and hence these devices are much harder to scale than metal-oxide memristors, whose nonlinear current-voltage curves enable transistor-free operation. Here we report the experimental implementation of transistor-free metal-oxide memristor crossbars, with device variability sufficiently low to allow operation of integrated neural networks, in a simple network: a single-layer perceptron (an algorithm for linear classification). The network can be taught in situ using a coarse-grain variety of the delta rule algorithm to perform the perfect classification of 3 × 3-pixel black/white images into three classes (representing letters). This demonstration is an important step towards much larger and more complex memristive neuromorphic networks.

  18. Analysis of operators' performance under emergencies using a training simulator of the nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It is well known that there are many factors that affect the reliability of nuclear power plants (NPPs). Among them, human reliability has been considered one of the most important factors. Thus, not only in order to quantify human reliability but also to identify main causes that can degrade human reliability, various kinds of human reliability analysis (HRA) methods have been suggested and utilized in many countries. However, to perform a HRA more appropriately, it is needed to collect plant-specific or domain-specific human performance data especially for emergencies because they can be used to generate requisite information for a HRA. In this point of view, simulator studies under emergencies may be considered important sources to obtain human performance data. In this study, performance of operating crews to cope with emergencies of the reference NPP has been collected and analyzed. Since the number of collected records is over 90, it can be said that extracted/analyzed results are statistically meaningful. Therefore, these analysis results can serve as a basis for building database that can be used not only for HRA input data but also for multiple purposes such as improving emergency operating procedures and developing advanced HRA methods

  19. Developing a virtual reality application for training Nuclear Power Plant operators: Setting up a database containing dose rates in the refuelling plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Operators in Nuclear Power Plants can receive high doses during refuelling operations. A training programme for simulating refuelling operations will be useful in reducing the doses received by workers as well as minimising operation time. With this goal in mind, a virtual reality application is developed within the framework of the CIPRES project. The application requires doses, both instantaneous and accumulated, to be displayed at all times during operator training. Therefore, it is necessary to set up a database containing dose rates at every point in the refuelling plant. This database is based on radiological protection surveillance data measured in the plant during refuelling operations. Some interpolation routines have been used to estimate doses through the refuelling plant. Different assumptions have been adopted in order to perform the interpolation and obtain consistent data. In this paper, the procedures developed to set up the dose database for the virtual reality application are presented and analysed. (authors)

  20. Developing a virtual reality application for training nuclear power plant operators: setting up a database containing dose rates in the refuelling plant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ródenas, J; Zarza, I; Burgos, M C; Felipe, A; Sánchez-Mayoral, M L

    2004-01-01

    Operators in Nuclear Power Plants can receive high doses during refuelling operations. A training programme for simulating refuelling operations will be useful in reducing the doses received by workers as well as minimising operation time. With this goal in mind, a virtual reality application is developed within the framework of the CIPRES project. The application requires doses, both instantaneous and accumulated, to be displayed at all times during operator training. Therefore, it is necessary to set up a database containing dose rates at every point in the refuelling plant. This database is based on radiological protection surveillance data measured in the plant during refuelling operations. Some interpolation routines have been used to estimate doses through the refuelling plant. Different assumptions have been adopted in order to perform the interpolation and obtain consistent data. In this paper, the procedures developed to set up the dose database for the virtual reality application are presented and analysed. PMID:15266073