WorldWideScience

Sample records for astrographs

  1. The Twin Astrographic Catalog (TAC) Version 1.0

    CERN Document Server

    Zacharias, N; Douglass, G G; Wycoff, G L

    1996-01-01

    A first version of the Twin Astrographic Catalog (TAC) of positions for 705,679 stars within $-18^{\\circ} \\le \\delta \\le 90^{\\circ}$ has been produced. The sky coverage of the TAC is complete to over 90\\% in that area. The limiting magnitude is about B=11.5. Positions are based on $4912$ plates taken with the U.S. Naval Observatory Twin Astrograph (blue, yellow lens) at epochs 1977--1986. The TAC is supplemented by proper motions which are obtained from a combination with a re--reduced Astrographic Catalog (AC). Some AC zones are available now and a complete northern hemisphere is expected by fall 1996. Proper motions of almost all TAC stars will be generated as the AC work progresses. The average precision of a catalog position is 90 mas per coordinate at epoch of observation. A large fraction of that error is introduced by the currently available reference stars. The inherent precision of the TAC data is considerably better. The precision of the proper motions is currently 2.5 to 4 mas/yr. Magnitude--depend...

  2. The Fourth US Naval Observatory CCD Astrograph Catalog (UCAC4)

    CERN Document Server

    Zacharias, Norbert; Girard, Terry; Henden, Arne; Bartlett, Jennifer; Monet, Dave; Zacharias, Marion

    2012-01-01

    The fourth United States Naval Observatory (USNO) CCD Astrograph Catalog, UCAC4 was released in August 2012 (double-sided DVD and CDS data center Vizier catalog I/322). It is the final release in this series and contains over 113 million objects; over 105 million of them with proper motions. UCAC4 is an updated version of UCAC3 with about the same number of stars also covering all-sky. Bugs were fixed, Schmidt plate survey data were avoided, and precise 5-band photometry were added. Astrograph observations have been supplemented for bright stars by FK6, Hipparcos and Tycho-2 data to compile a UCAC4 star catalog complete to about magnitude R = 16. Epoch 1998 to 2004 positions are obtained from observations with the 20 cm aperture USNO Astrograph's red lens, equipped with a 4k by 4k CCD. Mean positions and proper motions are derived by combining these observations with over 140 ground- and space-based catalogs, including Hipparcos/Tycho and the AC2000.2, as well as unpublished measures of over 5000 plates from ...

  3. The second US Naval Observatory CCD Astrograph Catalog (UCAC2)

    CERN Document Server

    Zacharias, N; Zacharias, M I; Wycoff, G L; Hall, D M; Monet, D G; Rafferty, T J

    2004-01-01

    The second USNO CCD Astrograph Catalog, UCAC2 was released in July 2003. Positions and proper motions for 48,330,571 sources (mostly stars) are available on 3 CDs, supplemented with 2MASS photometry for 99.5% of the sources. The catalog covers the sky area from -90 to +40 degrees declination, going up to +52 in some areas; this completely supersedes the UCAC1 released in 2001. Current epoch positions are obtained from observations with the USNO 8-inch Twin Astrograph equipped with a 4k CCD camera. The precision of the positions are 15 to 70 mas, depending on magnitude, with estimated systematic errors of 10 mas or below. Proper motions are derived by utilizing over 140 ground-and space-based catalogs, including Hipparcos/Tycho, the AC2000.2, as well as yet unpublished re-measures of the AGK2 plates and scans from the NPM and SPM plates. Proper motion errors are about 1 to 3 mas/yr for stars to 12th magnitude, and about 4 to 7 mas/yr for fainter stars to 16th magnitude. The observational data, astrometric redu...

  4. Division i / Commission 8 / Working Group Astrographic Catalogue and Carte du Ciel Plates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bucciarelli, Beatrice; Fresnau, Alain; Abad, Carlos; Argyle, Robert W.; Biggs, James; Brosch, Noah; Coyne, George V.; Davoust, Emmanuael; De Cuyper, Jean-Pierre M.; van Dessel, Edwin L.; Ducourant, Christine; Fierro, Ivan H. Bustos; Geffert, Michael; Glushkova, Elena V.; Irwin, Michael J.; Jones, Dayton L.; Lumme, Kari A.; Muiños, J. L.; Odenkirchen, Michael; Orellana, Rosa B.; Pauwels, Thierry; Rafferty, Theodore J.; Sanchez, M.; Sanner, Jörg; Tsvetkov, Milcho K.; Vaughan, Alan E.

    2007-12-01

    Various experiments have definitely demonstrated that one-micron accuracy (0.″06) on the definition of stellar images on CdC plates cannot be claimed, as it was speculated back in 1999. More realistically, a 2-3 micron accuracy is achievable, getting worse toward the survey magnitude limit, with an average magnitude error of 0.3. The level of astrometric accuracy corresponds to a 0.″2 - 0.″3 error in position at Epoch 1900, which, once used as first Epoch for proper motion determination in combination with modern epoch observations, can produce errors at the level of 2-5 mas/yr, thereby allowing to detect stellar motions larger than 0.″01/yr, which at a distance of 500 pc from the Sun correspond to ~25-60 km/s tangential velocity. Therefore, the AC/CdC heritage collection can be regarded as a highly valuable first-epoch material, e.g., for the realization of a Tycho-2 extension to fainter magnitudes (~15 photographic), especially in selected areas where radial velocity data are available, for the exploration of stellar kinematics beyond our solar neighborhood.

  5. Matlab在天文底片数字化中的应用%Application of Matlab in Digitization of Astrographic Plates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅承启; 赵建海

    2010-01-01

    采用Matlab语言开发了天文底片数字化处理软件SDAPM.利用该软件可以处理商用平板扫描仪输出的照相底片扫描文件.由于Matlab语言强大的图形处理功能,使处理程序比用FORTRAN编制的处理程序大为简化.除了介绍程序的主要流程以外,还对该软件用到的一些Matlab特殊函数的具体用法(特别是曲面拟合)和如何解决内存不足的问题做了简要介绍.

  6. Project "FON" in post-Hipparcos era.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kislyuk, V. S.; Yatsenko, A. I.; Yatskiv, Ya. S.

    The project of fourfold coverage of the northern hemisphere of the sky known as FON is carried out by means of C. Zeiss (Jena) wide-angle astrographs installed at six observatories of the former USSR. The authors intend to get the FON astrometric catalogue (mB < 13.5) of approximately 2 million stars of the northern hemisphere of the sky.

  7. Positions of Pluto extracted from digitized Pulkovo photographic plates taken in 1930 - 1960

    OpenAIRE

    Khrutskaya, E. V.; Cuyper, J.-P.; Kalinin, S. I.; Berezhnoy, A. A.; Decker, G.

    2013-01-01

    We present the results of determination of Pluto's positions derived from photographic plates taken in 1930 - 1960. Observations were made with Normal Astrograph at Pulkovo Observatory. Digitization of these plates was performed with high precision scanner at Royal Observatory of Belgium (ROB Digitizer). Mean values of standard errors of plate positions (x,y) lie between 12 and 18 mas. The UCAC4 catalogue was used as an astrometric calibrator. Standard errors of equatorial coordinates obtaine...

  8. The Rotation Period of C/2014 Q2 (Lovejoy)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serra-Ricart, Miquel; Licandro, Javier

    2015-11-01

    C/2014 Q2 (Lovejoy) was observed around perihelion (2015 January 30) on 15 nights between 2015 January 21 and February 11 using the TADer 0.3-m astrograph telescope at Teide Observatory (IAC, Tenerife, Spain). Two large spiral jet structures were observed over several cometary rotations. A new method of searching for periodicities in the PA of spiral jets in the coma region at a fixed distance (20,624 km) from the cometary optocenter is presented and used to determine a nuclear rotation period of 17.89 ± 0.17 hr.

  9. Determination of proper motions and membership of the open star cluster NGC2548

    CERN Document Server

    Wu Zi Yu; Balaguer-Nuñez, L; Jordi, C; Zhao, J L; Guibert, J

    2001-01-01

    Absolute proper motions, their corresponding errors and membership probabilities of 501 stars in the intermediate-age open cluster NGC2548 region are determined from MAMA measurements of 10 photographic plates. The plates have the maximum epoch difference of 82 years and they were taken with the double astrograph at Zo-Se station of Shanghai Observatory, which has an aperture of 40 cm and a plate scale of 30"/mm. The average proper motion precision is 1.18 mas/yr. These proper motions are used to determine the membership probabilities of stars in the region. The number of stars with membership probabilities higher than 0.7 is 165.

  10. Positions of Pluto extracted from digitized Pulkovo photographic plates taken in 1930 - 1960

    CERN Document Server

    Khrutskaya, E V; Kalinin, S I; Berezhnoy, A A; de Decker, G

    2013-01-01

    We present the results of determination of Pluto's positions derived from photographic plates taken in 1930 - 1960. Observations were made with Normal Astrograph at Pulkovo Observatory. Digitization of these plates was performed with high precision scanner at Royal Observatory of Belgium (ROB Digitizer). Mean values of standard errors of plate positions (x,y) lie between 12 and 18 mas. The UCAC4 catalogue was used as an astrometric calibrator. Standard errors of equatorial coordinates obtained are within 85 to 100 mas. Final table contains 63 positions of Pluto referred to the HCRF/UCAC4 frame.

  11. VizieR Online Data Catalog: BVRI photometry of nova V445 Pup (Goranskij+, 2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goranskij, V. P.; Shugarov, S. Yu.; Zharova, A. V.; Kroll, P.; Barsukova, E. A.

    2012-05-01

    In the Moscow SAI plate collection, we found 51 plates with images of V445 Pup taken with the SAI Crimean Station 40-cm f/4 astrograph and dated between 15 November 1969 and 4 November 1989. We found 56 measurable images of V445 Pup on the plates of the Sonneberg Observatory collection dated between 19 March 1984 and 17 January 1991. Additionally, we measured all the Internet-accessible Digital Sky Survey images of V445 Pup in B,R, and I bands and used 2MASS JHK magnitudes to study the spectral energy distribution of the progenitor. We performed our observations of the V445 Pup remnant between 31 March 2003 and 20 October 2009. These observations were acquired in the Special Astrophysical Observatory (SAO), with the 1-m Zeiss reflector and CCD UBVRcIc photometer equipped with an EEV 42-40 CCD chip. (4 data files).

  12. Astrometrical Observations of Pluto - Charon System with the Automated Telescopes of Pulkovo Observatory

    CERN Document Server

    Devyatkin, Alexander V; Slesarenko, Vyacheslav Yu

    2015-01-01

    The space probe 'New Horizon' was launched on 19th of January 2006 in order to study Pluto and its moons. Spacecraft will fly by Pluto as close as 12500 km in the middle of July 2015 and will get the most detailed images of Pluto and its moon until this moment. At the same time, observation obtained by the ground-based telescopes may also be helpful for the research of such distant system. Thereby, the Laboratory of observational astrometry of Pulkovo Observatory of RAS made a decision to reprocess observations obtained during last decade. More than 350 positional observations of Pluto - Charon system were carried out with the mirror astrograph ZA-320M at Pulkovo and Maksutov telescope MTM-500M near Kislovodsk. These observations were processed by means of software system APEX-II developed in Pulkovo observatory and numerical simulation was performed to calculate the differences between positions of photocenter and barycenter of Pluto - Charon system.

  13. VizieR Online Data Catalog: 1103 parallaxes and proper motions from URAT (Finch+, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finch, C. T.; Zacharias, N.

    2016-07-01

    We present 1103 trigonometric parallaxes and proper motions from the United States Naval Observatory (USNO) Robotic Astrometric Telescope (URAT) observations taken at the Naval Observatory Flagstaff Station (NOFS). URAT observes through a single filter (part of the dewar window) to provide a fixed bandpass of about 680 to 760nm. The clear aperture of the USNO astrograph is 206mm with a focal length of only 2m. A single exposure covers 28 square degrees with a resolution of 0.9arcsec/pixel. Each of the four large CCDs in the focal plane covers a 2.65 by 2.65 deg area on the sky. Data of all three years of operations (2012 April to 2015 June) at the NOFS are used here for this parallax investigation. For more details about the project, instrument, and observing the reader is referred to the URAT1 paper (Zacharias et al. 2015, cat. I/329). (3 data files).

  14. Carte du Ciel, San Fernando zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abad, C.

    2014-06-01

    An updated summary of a future large astrometric catalogue is presented, based on the two most important astrometric projects carried out by the Real Instituto y Observatorio de la Armada de San Fernando (ROA). The goal is to make a catalogue of positions and proper motions based on ROA's Cart du Ciel (CdC) and the Astrographic Catalogue (AC) San Fernando zone plates, and the HAMC2 meridian circle catalogue. The CdC and AC plates are being reduced together to provide first-epoch positions while HAMC2 will provide second-epoch ones. New techniques have been applied, that range from using a commercial flatbed scanner to the proper reduction schemes to avoid systematics from it. Only thirty plates (out of 540) remain to be processed, due to scanning problems that are being solved.

  15. Digitization and Position Measurement of Astronomical Plates of Saturnian Satellites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, D.; Yu, Y.; Zhang, H. Y.; Qiao, R. C.

    2014-05-01

    Using the advanced commercial scanners to digitize astronomical plates may be a simple and effective way. In this paper, we discuss the method of digitizing and astrometrically reducing six astronomical plates of Saturnian satellites, which were taken from the 1 m RCC (Ritchey Chretien Coude) telescope of Yunnan Observatory in 1988, by using the 10000XL scanner of Epson. The digitized images of the astronomical plates of Saturnian satellites are re-reduced, and the positions of Saturnian satellites based on the UCAC2 (The Second US Naval Observatory CCD Astrograph Catalog) catalogue are given. A comparison of our measured positions with the IMCCE (Institut de Mecanique Celeste et de Calcul des Ephemerides) ephemeris of Saturnian satellites shows the high quality of our measurements, which have an accuracy of 106 mas in right ascension and 89 mas in declination. Moreover, our measurements appear to be consistent with this ephemeris within only about 56 mas in right ascension and 9 mas in declination.

  16. Current developments in optical design and optical engineering II; Proceedings of the Meeting, San Diego, CA, July 20, 21, 23, 1992

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Robert E.; Smith, Warren J.

    1992-12-01

    Consideration is given to assembly methods and materials for optical systems; advanced optical manufacturing and testing; optical design and engineering; optical fabrication and testing; and contemporary optical systems and devices. Particular attention is given to integration of a precision stereo microscope into an excimer-laser-beam delivery system, strategies for stable composite structural design, roughness evolution of optical materials induced by ion-beam milling, subaperture testing of a large flat mirror, technology development at the Center for Optic Manufacturing, Opticam SM update, a new design method for thermalized optical systems, a superresolution optical microscope by the phase-shifting laser spots, design and construction of an astrometric astrograph, mirror substrates for high-power YAG lasers, an unstable resonator with semitransparent output coupler for a transverse-flow CO2 laser, and a nonpolarization parallel beamsplitter. (No individual items are abstracted in this volume)

  17. The Silicon Photomultiplier for High Speed Photometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vander Haagen, Gary A.

    2011-05-01

    The Silicon Photomultiplier (SPM) offers sensitivity comparable to conventional photomultipliers with the added advantage of small size, low operating voltages, and robust tolerance to excess/ambient light. A Peltier cooled SPM running at -30°C was used in conjunction with wideband electronics and a 17-inch Astrograph to collect photometric data without a reference star. High speed photometric trials were conducted on eclipsing binary AW UMa demonstrating fast data rate capability. Data shows the SPM exhibits excellent sensitivity, acceptable signal to noise, and bandwidth with sampling times as short as 1 millisecond for brighter targets. Automated digital data acquisition is discussed along with digital signal processing techniques for noise reduction, spectral analysis, and data mining. The SPM demonstrated acceptable signal to noise for fast photometric studies for 8-10th magnitude targets depending on scintillation and background conditions. Future SPM study topics are also discussed.

  18. Observing facilities at the European Southern Observatory (ESO) in Chile for cometary observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnur, G. F. O.; Kohoutek, L.; Rahe, J.

    1981-01-01

    The (ESO) is located on the mountain La Silla (geographical coordinates: 4h42m55s10 west, -29 deg 15' 25".8 south, 2400 m elevation. The size of the telescopes ranges from a 40 cm Astrograph to the 3.6 m Richey-Chretien telescope. Future telescopes are discussed: a 2.2 m RC-Telescope which will be identical with the German 2.2 m telescope on Calor Alto in SE-Spain, and a 3.5 m telescope, the New Technology Telescope. In addition to these telescopes, a great number of auxiliary instrumentation are operational. Because ESO has to serve all requests of the visiting astronomers these instruments are designed for very different applications. The telescopes and auxiliary instruments that are especially suited for cometary observations are discussed. The dicussion is divided into three parts: photography, photometry-polarimetry and spectroscopy.

  19. First results of the Kourovka Planet Search: discovery of transiting exoplanet candidates in the first three target fields

    CERN Document Server

    Burdanov, Artem Y; Krushinsky, Vadim V; Popov, Alexander A; Sokov, Evgenii N; Sokova, Iraida A; Rusov, Sergei A; Lyashenko, Artem Yu; Ivanov, Kirill I; Moiseev, Alexei V; Rastegaev, Denis A; Dyachenko, Vladimir V; Balega, Yuri Yu; Baştürk, Özgür; Özavcı, Ibrahim; Puchalski, Damian; Marchini, Alessandro; Naves, Ramon; Shadick, Stan; Bretton, Marc

    2016-01-01

    We present the first results of our search for transiting exoplanet candidates as part of the Kourovka Planet Search (KPS) project. The primary objective of the project is to search for new hot Jupiters which transit their host stars, mainly in the Galactic plane, in the $R_c$ magnitude range of 11 to 14 mag. Our observations were performed with the telescope of the MASTER robotic network, installed at the Kourovka astronomical observatory of the Ural Federal University (Russia), and the Rowe-Ackermann Schmidt Astrograph, installed at the private Acton Sky Portal Observatory (USA). As test observations, we observed three celestial fields of size $2\\times2$ deg$^2$ during the period from 2012 to 2015. As a result, we discovered four transiting exoplanet candidates among the 39000 stars of the input catalogue. In this paper, we provide the description of the project and analyse additional photometric, spectral, and speckle interferometric observations of the discovered transiting exoplanet candidates. Three of ...

  20. Proper motions and CCD photometry of stars in the region of the open cluster NGC 6866

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frolov, V. N.; Ananjevskaja, Yu. K.; Gorshanov, D. L.; Polyakov, E. V.

    2010-05-01

    We present the results of our comprehensive study of the Galactic open star cluster NGC 6866. The positions of stars in the investigated region have been obtained with the “Fantasy” automatic measuring machine from 10 plates of the normal astrograph at the Pulkovo Astronomical Observatory. The size of the investigated field is 40' × 40', the limiting magnitude is B ˜ 16{·/ m }6, and the maximum epoch difference is 79 yr. For 1202 field stars, we have determined the relative proper motions with an rms error of 2.5 mas yr-1. Out of them, 423 stars may be considered cluster members with a probability P > 70% according to the astrometric criterion. Photometric diagrams have been used as an additional criterion. We have performed two-color BV CCD photometry of stars with the Pulkovo ZA-320M mirror astrograph. The U magnitudes from the literature have also been used to construct the two-color diagrams. A total of 267 stars have turned out to be members of NGC 6866 according to the two criteria. We present refined physical parameters of the cluster and its age estimate (5.6 × 108 yr). The cluster membership of red and blue giants, variable, double, and multiple stars is considered. We have found an almost complete coincidence of the positions of one of the stars in the region (a cluster nonmember) and a soft X-ray source in the ROSAT catalog. The “Fantasy” automatic measuring machine is described in the Appendix.

  1. Digital Copy of the Pulkovo Plate Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanaev, I.; Kanaeva, N.; Poliakow, E.; Pugatch, T.

    Report is devoted to a problem of saving of the Pulkovo plate collection. In total more than 50 thousand astronegatives are stored in the observatory. First of them are dated back to 1893. A risk of emulsion corrupting raises with current of time. Since 1996 the operation on digitization and record of the images of plates on electronic media (HDD, CD) are carried out in the observatory. The database ECSIP - Electronic Collection of the Star Images of the Pulkovo is created. There are recorded in it both complete, and extracted (separate areas) images of astronegatives. The plates as a whole are scanned on the photoscanner with rather rough optical resolution 600-2400 dpi. The matrixes with the separate images are digitized on the precision measuring machine "Fantasy" with high (6000-25400 dpi) resolution. The DB ECSIP allows to accept and to store different types of data of a matrix structure, including, CCD-frames. Structure of the ECSIP's software includes systems of visualization, processing and manipulation by the images, and also programs for position and photometric measurements. To the present time more than 40% completed and 10% extracted images from its total amount are digitized and recorded in DB ECSIP. The project is fulfilled at financial support by the Ministry of Science of Russian Federation, grant 01-54 "The coordinate -measuring astrographic machine "Fantasy".

  2. {\\Delta}{\\mu} Binaries among Stars with Large Proper Motions

    CERN Document Server

    Khovritchev, M Yu

    2016-01-01

    Based on observations performed with the Pulkovo normal astrograph in 2008-2015 and data from sky surveys (DSS, 2MASS, SDSS DR12, WISE), we have investigated the motions of 1308 stars with proper motions larger than 300 mas/yr down to magnitude 17. The main idea of our search for binary stars based on this material is reduced to comparing the quasi-mean (POSS2-POSS1; an epoch difference of $\\approx$50 yr) and quasi-instantaneous (2MASS, SDSS, WISE, Pulkovo; an epoch difference of $\\approx$10 yr) proper motions. If the difference is statistically significant compared to the proper motion errors, then the object may be considered as a {\\Delta}{\\mu}-binary candidate. One hundred and twenty one stars from among those included in the observational program satisfy this requirement. Additional confirmations of binarity for a number of stars have been obtained by comparing the calculated proper motions with the data from several programs of stellar trigonometric parallax determinations and by analyzing the asymmetry ...

  3. Astrometry of Pluto from 1930-1951 observations: The Lampland plate collection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a new analysis of 843 photographic plates of Pluto taken by Carl Lampland at Lowell Observatory from 1930–1951. This large collection of plates contains useful astrometric information that improves our knowledge of Pluto's orbit. This improvement provides critical support to the impending flyby of Pluto by New Horizons. New Horizons can do inbound navigation of the system to improve its targeting. This navigation is capable of nearly eliminating the sky-plane errors but can do little to constrain the time of closest approach. Thus the focus on this work was to better determine Pluto's heliocentric distance and to determine the uncertainty on that distance with a particular eye to eliminating systematic errors that might have been previously unrecognized. This work adds 596 new astrometric measurements based on the USNO CCD Astrograph Catalog 4. With the addition of these data the uncertainty of the estimated heliocentric position of Pluto in Developmental Ephemerides 432 (DE432) is at the level of 1000 km. This new analysis gives us more confidence that these estimations are accurate and are sufficient to support a successful flyby of Pluto by New Horizons.

  4. A survey of T Tauri stars with AKARI toward the Taurus-Auriga region

    CERN Document Server

    Takita, Satoshi; Kitamura, Yoshimi; Ishihara, Daisuke; Ita, Yoshifusa; Oyabu, Shinki; Ueno, Munetaka

    2010-01-01

    Aims: We search new T Tauri star (TTS) candidates with the mid-infrared (MIR) part of the AKARI All-Sky Survey at 9 and 18 um wavelengths. Methods: We used the point source catalogue (PSC), obtained by the Infrared Camera (IRC) on board AKARI. We combined the 2MASS PSC and the 3rd version of the USNO CCD Astrograph Catalogue (UCAC) with the AKARI IRC-PSC, and surveyed 517 known TTSs over a 1800-square-degree part of the Taurus-Auriga region to find criteria to extract TTSs. We considered asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars, post-AGB stars, Planetary Nebulae (PNe), and galaxies, which have similar MIR colours, to separate TTSs from these sources. Results: Of the 517 known TTSs, we detected 133 sources with AKARI. Based on the colour-colour and colour-magnitude diagrams made from the AKARI, 2MASS, and UCAC surveys, we propose the criteria to extract TTS candidates from the AKARI All-Sky data. On the basis of our criteria, we selected 176/14725 AKARI sources as TTS candidates which are located around the Taurus-...

  5. First results of the Kourovka Planet Search: discovery of transiting exoplanet candidates in the first three target fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burdanov, Artem Y.; Benni, Paul; Krushinsky, Vadim V.; Popov, Alexander A.; Sokov, Evgenii N.; Sokova, Iraida A.; Rusov, Sergei A.; Lyashenko, Artem Yu.; Ivanov, Kirill I.; Moiseev, Alexei V.; Rastegaev, Denis A.; Dyachenko, Vladimir V.; Balega, Yuri Yu.; Baştürk, Özgür; Özavcı, Ibrahim; Puchalski, Damian; Marchini, Alessandro; Naves, Ramon; Shadick, Stan; Bretton, Marc

    2016-10-01

    We present the first results of our search for transiting exoplanet candidates as part of the Kourovka Planet Search (KPS) project. The primary objective of the project is to search for new hot Jupiters which transit their host stars, mainly in the Galactic plane, in the Rc magnitude range of 11-14 mag. Our observations were performed with the telescope of the MASTER robotic network, installed at the Kourovka astronomical observatory of the Ural Federal University (Russia), and the Rowe-Ackermann Schmidt Astrograph, installed at the private Acton Sky Portal Observatory (USA). As test observations, we observed three celestial fields of size 2 × 2 deg2 during the period from 2012 to 2015. As a result, we discovered four transiting exoplanet candidates among the 39 000 stars of the input catalogue. In this paper, we provide the description of the project and analyse additional photometric, spectral, and speckle interferometric observations of the discovered transiting exoplanet candidates. Three of the four transiting exoplanet candidates are most likely astrophysical false positives, while the nature of the fourth (most promising) candidate remains to be ascertained. Also, we propose an alternative observing strategy that could increase the project's exoplanet haul.

  6. The astrometric Gaia-FUN-SSO observation campaign of 99 942 Apophis

    CERN Document Server

    Thuillot, W; Ivantsov, A; Desmars, J; Assafin, M; Eggl, S; Hestroffer, D; Rocher, P; Carry, B; David, P; Abe, L; Andreev, M; Arlot, J -E; Asami, A; Ayvasian, V; Baransky, A; Belcheva, M; Bendjoya, Ph; Bikmaev, I; Burkhonov, O A; Camci, U; Carbognani, A; Colas, F; Devyatkin, A V; Ehgamberdiev, Sh A; Enikova, P; Eyer, L; Galeev, A; Gerlach, E; Godunova, V; Golubaev, A V; Gorshanov, D L; Gumerov, R; Hashimoto, N; Helvaci, M; Ibryamov, S; Inasaridze, R Ya; Khamitov, I; Kostov, A; Kozhukhov, A M; Kozyryev, Y; Krugly, Yu N; Kryuchkovskiy, V; Kulichenko, N; Maigurova, N; Manilla-Robles, A; Martyusheva, A A; Molotov, I E; Nikolov, G; Nikolov, P; Nishiyama, K; Okumura, S; Palaversa, L; Parmonov, O; Peng, Q Y; Petrova, S N; Pinigin, G I; Pomazan, A; Rivet, J -P; Sakamoto, T; Sakhibullin, N; Sergeev, O; Sergeyev, A V; Shulga, O V; Suarez, O; Sybiryakova, Y; Takahashi, N; Tarady, V; Todd, M; Urakawa, S; Uysal, O; Vaduvescu, O; Vovk, V; Zhang, X -L

    2015-01-01

    Astrometric observations performed by the Gaia Follow-Up Network for Solar System Objects (Gaia-FUN-SSO) play a key role in ensuring that moving objects first detected by ESA's Gaia mission remain recoverable after their discovery. An observation campaign on the potentially hazardous asteroid (99 942) Apophis was conducted during the asteroid's latest period of visibility, from 12/21/2012 to 5/2/2013, to test the coordination and evaluate the overall performance of the Gaia-FUN-SSO . The 2732 high quality astrometric observations acquired during the Gaia-FUN-SSO campaign were reduced with the Platform for Reduction of Astronomical Images Automatically (PRAIA), using the USNO CCD Astrograph Catalogue 4 (UCAC4) as a reference. The astrometric reduction process and the precision of the newly obtained measurements are discussed. We compare the residuals of astrometric observations that we obtained using this reduction process to data sets that were individually reduced by observers and accepted by the Minor Plane...

  7. VizieR Online Data Catalog: 180 APASS variable stars in Aquarius (Munari+, 2014)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munari, U.; Henden, A.; Frigo, A.; Dallaporta, S.

    2014-11-01

    The large area on the sky covered by the Aquarius stream requires instruments with a very large field of view. We obtained multi-band photometry from CTIO (Chile) with the same equipment used for the APASS all sky photometric survey, separately from the main Survey program (Henden et al. 2012, JAAVSO 40, 430, Henden & Munari 2014, CoSka 43, 518). A pair of twin remotely controlled, small telescopes obtain simultaneous CCD observations over five optical bands: B, V (tied to the equatorial standards of Landolt 2009AJ....137.4186L, Cat. J/AJ/137/4186) and g,r,i bands (tied to the 158 primary standards given by Smith et al. (2002AJ....123.2121S), that define the Sloan photometric system). The telescopes are 20-cm f /3.6 astrographs feeding Apogee U16m cameras (4096x4096 array, 9um pixels), that cover a field 2.9° wide with a 2.6arcsec/pix plate factor. One telescope exposes the B and g bands, while the other in parallel exposes the V, r and i bands. (5 data files).

  8. Astrometry of Pluto from 1930-1951 observations: The Lampland plate collection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buie, Marc W. [Southwest Research Institute, 1050 Walnut St., Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302 (United States); Folkner, William M., E-mail: buie@boulder.swri.edu, E-mail: william.m.folkner@jpl.nasa.gov [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Dr., Pasadena, CA 91109-8099 (United States)

    2015-01-01

    We present a new analysis of 843 photographic plates of Pluto taken by Carl Lampland at Lowell Observatory from 1930–1951. This large collection of plates contains useful astrometric information that improves our knowledge of Pluto's orbit. This improvement provides critical support to the impending flyby of Pluto by New Horizons. New Horizons can do inbound navigation of the system to improve its targeting. This navigation is capable of nearly eliminating the sky-plane errors but can do little to constrain the time of closest approach. Thus the focus on this work was to better determine Pluto's heliocentric distance and to determine the uncertainty on that distance with a particular eye to eliminating systematic errors that might have been previously unrecognized. This work adds 596 new astrometric measurements based on the USNO CCD Astrograph Catalog 4. With the addition of these data the uncertainty of the estimated heliocentric position of Pluto in Developmental Ephemerides 432 (DE432) is at the level of 1000 km. This new analysis gives us more confidence that these estimations are accurate and are sufficient to support a successful flyby of Pluto by New Horizons.

  9. Digitization and Position Measurement of Astronomical Plates of Saturnian Satellites%土星卫星的天文底片数字化和位置测量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严丹; 于涌; 张会彦; 乔荣川

    2014-01-01

    在天文底片数字化工作中,利用高端商用扫描仪可能是一条简单而有效的途径.针对1988年云南天文台1 m RCC (Ritchey Chretien Coude)望远镜拍摄的6张土星卫星天文底片,探讨了利用Epson公司10000XL商用扫描仪的底片数字化技术和数据处理方法.基于底片数字化图像和UCAC2 (The Second US Naval Observatory CCD Astrograph Catalog) 参考星表,重新测量土星卫星的位置.通过与IMCCE (Institut de Mecanique Celeste et de Calcul des Ephemerides)提供的土卫历表位置比较表明,土星卫星的定位结果在赤经和赤纬方向上的残差均值分别为0.056″和0.009″,在赤经和赤纬方向上残差的标准偏差分别为0.106″和0.089″.

  10. UCAC3 Proper Motion Survey. I. Discovery of New Proper Motion Stars in UCAC3 with 0.40 "/yr > mu >= 0.18 "/yr between Declinations -90 deg and -47 deg

    CERN Document Server

    Finch, Charlie T; Henry, Todd J

    2010-01-01

    Presented here are 442 new proper motion stellar systems in the southern sky between declinations -$90\\degr$ and -47$\\degr$ with 0$\\farcs$40 yr$^{-1}$ $>$ $\\mu$ $\\ge$ 0$\\farcs$18 yr$^{-1}$. These systems constitute a 25.3% increase in new systems for the same region of the sky covered by previous SuperCOSMOS RECONS (SCR) searches that used Schmidt plates as the primary source of discovery. Among the new systems are 25 multiples, plus an additional seven new common proper motion companions found to previously known primaries. All stars have been discovered using the third U.S. Naval Observatory (USNO) CCD Astrograph Catalog (UCAC3). A comparison of the UCAC3 proper motions to those from the Hipparcos, Tycho-2, Southern Proper Motion (SPM4), and SuperCOSMOS efforts is presented, and shows that UCAC3 provides similar values and precision to the first three surveys. The comparison between UCAC3 and SuperCOSMOS indicates that proper motions in RA are systematically shifted in the SuperCOSMOS data but are consisten...

  11. PIRATE: A Remotely-Operable Telescope Facility for Research and Education

    CERN Document Server

    Holmes, S; Haswell, C A; Burwitz, V; Lucas, R J; Rodriguez, J; Rolfe, S M; Rostron, J; Barker, J

    2011-01-01

    We introduce PIRATE, a new remotely-operable telescope facility for use in research and education, constructed from 'off-the-shelf' hardware, operated by The Open University. We focus on the PIRATE Mark 1 operational phase where PIRATE was equipped with a widely- used 0.35m Schmidt-Cassegrain system (now replaced with a 0.425m corrected Dall Kirkham astrograph). Situated at the Observatori Astronomic de Mallorca, PIRATE is currently used to follow up potential transiting extrasolar planet candidates produced by the SuperWASP North experiment, as well as to hunt for novae in M31 and other nearby galaxies. It is operated by a mixture of commercially available software and proprietary software developed at the Open University. We discuss problems associated with performing precision time series photometry when using a German Equatorial Mount, investigating the overall performance of such 'off-the-shelf' solutions in both research and teaching applications. We conclude that PIRATE is a cost-effective research fac...

  12. A search for new variable stars using digitized Moscow collection plates

    CERN Document Server

    Sokolovsky, Kirill; Kolesnikova, Daria; Lebedev, Alexandr; Samus, Nikolai; Sat, Lyudmila; Zubareva, Alexandra

    2014-01-01

    By digitizing astronomical photographic plates one may extract full information stored on them, something that could not be practically achieved with classical analogue methods. We are developing algorithms for variable objects search using digitized photographic images and apply them to 30cm (10x10 deg. field of view) plates obtained with the 40cm astrograph in 1940-90s and digitized with a flatbed scanner. Having more than 100 such plates per field, we conduct a census of high-amplitude (>0.3m) variable stars changing their brightness in the range 13

  13. PIRATE: A Remotely Operable Telescope Facility for Research and Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmes, S.; Kolb, U.; Haswell, C. A.; Burwitz, V.; Lucas, R. J.; Rodriguez, J.; Rolfe, S. M.; Rostron, J.; Barker, J.

    2011-10-01

    We introduce PIRATE, a new remotely operable telescope facility for use in research and education, constructed from off-the-shelf hardware, operated by The Open University. We focus on the PIRATE Mark 1 operational phase, in which PIRATE was equipped with a widely used 0.35 m Schmidt-Cassegrain system (now replaced with a 0.425 m corrected Dall-Kirkham astrograph). Situated at the Observatori Astronòmic de Mallorca, PIRATE is currently used to follow up potential transiting extrasolar planet candidates produced by the SuperWASP North experiment, as well as to hunt for novae in M31 and other nearby galaxies. It is operated by a mixture of commercially available software and proprietary software developed at the Open University. We discuss problems associated with performing precision time-series photometry when using a German Equatorial Mount, investigating the overall performance of such off-the-shelf solutions in both research and teaching applications. We conclude that PIRATE is a cost-effective research facility, and it also provides exciting prospects for undergraduate astronomy. PIRATE has broken new ground in offering practical astronomy education to distance-learning students in their own homes.

  14. First results of the Test-Bed Telescopes (TBT) project: Cebreros telescope commissioning

    CERN Document Server

    Ocaña, Francisco; Racero, Elena; Montero, Ángel; Doubek, Jirí; Ruiz, Vicente

    2016-01-01

    The TBT project is being developed under ESA's General Studies and Technology Programme (GSTP), and shall implement a test-bed for the validation of an autonomous optical observing system in a realistic scenario within the Space Situational Awareness (SSA) programme of the European Space Agency (ESA). The goal of the project is to provide two fully robotic telescopes, which will serve as prototypes for development of a future network. The system consists of two telescopes, one in Spain and the second one in the Southern Hemisphere. The telescope is a fast astrograph with a large Field of View of 2.5 x 2.5 square-degrees and a plate scale of 2.2 arcsec/pixel. The tube is mounted on a fast direct-drive mount moving with speed up to 20 degrees per second. The focal plane hosts a 2-port 4K x 4K back-illuminated CCD with readout speeds up to 1MHz per port. Detection software and hardware are optimised for the detection of NEOs and objects in high Earth orbits (objects moving from 0.1-40 arcsec/second). Every night...

  15. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Galilean satellites & Jupiter positions (Narizhnaya, 2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narizhnaya, N. V.

    2016-03-01

    All observations were carried out with the Normal Astrograph (D/F=330mm/ 3467mm) at Pulkovo (code is 084). A S2C CCD camera was used as a detector (with a field of view of 18'x16' and a scale of 0.952"/pixel). The CCD_frames with object image were obtained by series including 5, 10, 50, 100 images, depending on exposures of 60, 30, 10 and 5 s, respectively. The IZMCCD software package developed by Izmailov I.S. (2005, http://iznccd.puldb.ru/ izmccdrus) was used in processing the CCD images. Astrometric reduction algorithm is based on Turner's method with using UCAC4 catalog as reference one. Ephemerides for comparison are given by web-server "Natural Satellites Ephemeride Server MULTI-SAT" developed by N.V. Emelyanov (http://lnfm1.sai.msu.ru/neb/nss/nssephmr.htm). Two catalogue are presented: 140 normal positions of Galilean satellites and 42 Jupiter positions. (2 data files).

  16. CSU's MWV Observatory: A Facility for Research, Education and Outreach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hood, John; Carpenter, N. D.; McCarty, C. B.; Samford, J. H.; Johnson, M.; Puckett, A. W.; Williams, R. N.; Cruzen, S. T.

    2014-01-01

    The Mead Westvaco Observatory (MWVO), located in Columbus State University's Coca-Cola Space Science Center, is dedicated to education and research in astronomy through hands-on engagement and public participation. The MWVO has recently received funding to upgrade from a 16-inch Meade LX-200 telescope to a PlaneWave CDK 24-inch Corrected Dall-Kirkham Astrograph telescope. This and other technological upgrades will allow this observatory to stream live webcasts for astronomical events, allowing a worldwide public audience to become a part of the growing astronomical community. This poster will explain the upgrades that are currently in progress as well as the results from the current calibrations. The goal of these upgrades is to provide facilities capable of both research-class projects and widespread use in education and public outreach. We will present our initial calibration and tests of the observatory equipment, as well as its use in webcasts of astronomical events, in solar observing through the use of specialized piggy-backed telescopes, and in research into such topics as asteroids, planetary and nebula imaging. We will describe a pilot research project on asteroid orbit refinement and light curves, to be carried out by Columbus State University students. We will also outline many of the K-12 educational and public outreach activities we have designed for these facilities. Support and funding for the acquisition and installation of the new PlaneWave CDK 24 has been provided by the International Museum and Library Services via the Museums for America Award.

  17. The astrometric Gaia-FUN-SSO observation campaign of 99942 Apophis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thuillot, W.; Bancelin, D.; Ivantsov, A.; Desmars, J.; Assafin, M.; Eggl, S.; Hestroffer, D.; Rocher, P.; Carry, B.; David, P.; Abe, L.; Andreev, M.; Arlot, J.-E.; Asami, A.; Ayvasian, V.; Baransky, A.; Belcheva, M.; Bendjoya, Ph.; Bikmaev, I.; Burkhonov, O. A.; Camci, U.; Carbognani, A.; Colas, F.; Devyatkin, A. V.; Ehgamberdiev, Sh. A.; Enikova, P.; Eyer, L.; Galeev, A.; Gerlach, E.; Godunova, V.; Golubaev, A. V.; Gorshanov, D. L.; Gumerov, R.; Hashimoto, N.; Helvaci, M.; Ibryamov, S.; Inasaridze, R. Ya.; Khamitov, I.; Kostov, A.; Kozhukhov, A. M.; Kozyryev, Y.; Krugly, Yu N.; Kryuchkovskiy, V.; Kulichenko, N.; Maigurova, N.; Manilla-Robles, A.; Martyusheva, A. A.; Molotov, I. E.; Nikolov, G.; Nikolov, P.; Nishiyama, K.; Okumura, S.; Palaversa, L.; Parmonov, O.; Peng, Q. Y.; Petrova, S. N.; Pinigin, G. I.; Pomazan, A.; Rivet, J.-P.; Sakamoto, T.; Sakhibullin, N.; Sergeev, O.; Sergeyev, A. V.; Shulga, O. V.; Suarez, O.; Sybiryakova, Y.; Takahashi, N.; Tarady, V.; Todd, M.; Urakawa, S.; Uysal, O.; Vaduvescu, O.; Vovk, V.; Zhang, X.-L.

    2015-11-01

    Aims: Astrometric observations performed by the Gaia Follow-Up Network for Solar System Objects (Gaia-FUN-SSO) play a key role in ensuring that moving objects first detected by ESA's Gaia mission remain recoverable after their discovery. An observation campaign on the potentially hazardous asteroid (99 942) Apophis was conducted during the asteroid's latest period of visibility, from 12/21/2012 to 5/2/2013, to test the coordination and evaluate the overall performance of the Gaia-FUN-SSO . Methods: The 2732 high quality astrometric observations acquired during the Gaia-FUN-SSO campaign were reduced with the Platform for Reduction of Astronomical Images Automatically (PRAIA), using the USNO CCD Astrograph Catalogue 4 (UCAC4) as a reference. The astrometric reduction process and the precision of the newly obtained measurements are discussed. We compare the residuals of astrometric observations that we obtained using this reduction process to data sets that were individually reduced by observers and accepted by the Minor Planet Center. Results: We obtained 2103 previously unpublished astrometric positions and provide these to the scientific community. Using these data we show that our reduction of this astrometric campaign with a reliable stellar catalog substantially improves the quality of the astrometric results. We present evidence that the new data will help to reduce the orbit uncertainty of Apophis during its close approach in 2029. We show that uncertainties due to geolocations of observing stations, as well as rounding of astrometric data can introduce an unnecessary degradation in the quality of the resulting astrometric positions. Finally, we discuss the impact of our campaign reduction on the recovery process of newly discovered asteroids. Full Table 3 is only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (ftp://130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/583/A59

  18. Max Wolf's Discovery of Near-Earth Asteroid 887 Alinda

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connors, Martin; Mandel, Holger; Demleitner, Markus; Heidelberg Digitized Astronomical Plates Project

    2016-01-01

    Max Wolf, director of the Heidelberg Observatory (Landessternwarte Königsstuhl), was the most prodigious discoverer of asteroids in the early twentieth century. He is now best known for the discovery of the Trojan asteroids associated with Jupiter in 1906, but was a pioneer in the application of photographic techniques to astronomy, particularly for conducting asteroid surveys. His attention to detail and perseverance also led to the discovery of the near-Earth asteroid 887 Alinda, which is the eponym of an orbital class in 3:1 resonance with Jupiter. Alinda class contains several potentially hazardous asteroids, and has been particularly instructive in development of theories of eccentricity increase for resonant asteroids. Alinda was discovered on January 3, 1918, on the very edge of one of two plates taken with the 40 cm aperture Bruce double astrograph. The inability to reduce a long trail going off the plate meant that only one month later could the object again be found with the Bruce telescope, and later observed with the follow-up instrument, the 72 cm aperture Waltz reflector. In what Wolf referred to as "the greatest embarrassment of my life", reflector observations had him conclude that Alinda had a satellite. At a time when plates had to be exposed for several hours, laboriously developed and analyzed, and in the case of high eccentricity objects like Alinda, predicted with inadequate theories, Wolf's persistence allowed it never to be lost. Despite this, its essential resonant nature was not determined until 1969, despite the pioneering work by Brown (1911) on resonance in the asteroid belt and the knowledge dating to the late nineteenth century work of Kirkwood that commensurabilities were important in its structure. The majority of Wolf's plates are available as online scans through the Heidelberg Digitized Astronomical Plates project of the German Astrophysical Virtual Observatory, but the Alinda discovery plate, which was broken, was scanned

  19. Progressive Research and Outreach at the WestRock Observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Johnny Eugene; Lantz Caughey, Austin; O'Keeffe, Brendon; Johnson, Michael; Murphy Williams, Rosa Nina

    2016-01-01

    The WestRock Observatory (WRO), located in Columbus State University's Coca-Cola Space Science Center (CCSSC), is dedicated to education and research in astronomy through hands-on engagement and public participation. The WRO has recently received funding to upgrade the PlaneWave CDK 24-inch Corrected Dall-Kirkham Astrograph telescope. Recent additions to the telescope include an all-new Apogee Alta F16 CCD camera complete with a filter wheel (with narrowband and broadband filters) and a Minor Planet Center Observatory Code (W22). These new upgrades have allowed Astrophysics students to conduct unique research ranging from high precision minor planet astrometry, to broad- and narrow-band imaging of nebulae, to light curve analysis for variable star photometry. These new endeavours, in conjunction with an existing suite of Solar telescopes, gives the WRO the ability to live-stream solar and night-time observing. These streams are available both online and through interactive displays at the CCSSC making the WRO an educational outreach program for a worldwide public audience and a growing astronomical community.Current funding is allowing students to get even more research experience than previously attainable further enabling the expansion of our publicly available gallery of nebula and galaxy images. Support and funding for the acquirement,installation, and upgrading of the new PlaneWave CDK24 has been provided by the International Museum and Library Services via the Museums for America Award Additionally, individual NASA Space Grant Scholarships have helped to secure a number of student interns partially responsible for recent improvements.

  20. Observations of the Galilean moons of Jupiter in 2013-2015 at Pulkovo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narizhnaya, N. V.

    2016-09-01

    Observational results are presented for Jupiter and its Galilean moons from the Normal Astrograph at Pulkovo Observatory in 2013-2015. The following data are obtained: 154 positions of the Galilean satellites and 47 calculated positions of Jupiter in the system of the UCAC4 (ICRS, J2000.0) catalogue; the differential coordinates of the satellites relative to one another are determined. The mean errors of the satellites' normal places in right ascension and declination over the entire observational period are, respectively: ɛα = 0.0065″ and ɛδ = 0.0068″, and their standard deviations are σα = 0.0804″ and σδ = 0.0845″. The equatorial coordinates are compared with planetary and satellite motion theories. The average (O-C) residuals in the two coordinates relative to the motion theories are 0.05″ or less. The best agreement with the observations is achieved by a combination of the EPM2011m and V. Lainey-V.2.0|V1.1 motion theories; the average (O-C) residuals are 0.03″ or less. The (O-C) residuals for the features of the positions of Io and Ganymede are comparable with measurement errors. Jupiter's positions calculated from the observations of the satellites and their theoretical jovicentric coordinates are in good agreement with the motion theories. The (O-C) residuals for Jupiter's coordinates are, on average, 0.027″ and-0.025″ in the two coordinates.

  1. UCAC4 nearby star survey: A search for our stellar neighbors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Finch, Charlie T.; Zacharias, Norbert [U.S. Naval Observatory, Washington, DC 20392–5420 (United States); Subasavage, John P. [U.S. Naval Observatory, Flagstaff, AZ 86005–8521 (United States); Henry, Todd J. [RECONS Institute, Chambersburg, PA 17201 (United States); Riedel, Adric R., E-mail: finch@usno.navy.mil [Hunter College, New York, NY 10065 (United States)

    2014-12-01

    We use data from the U.S. Naval Observatory fourth CCD Astrograph Catalog (UCAC4) in combination with photometry from the AAVSO Photometric All-Sky Survey and Two Micron All-Sky Survey to identify stars within 25 pc of the Sun. A sample of nearby stars with accurate trigonometric parallaxes from the Research Consortium On Nearby Stars is used to generate a set of 16 new photometric color–M{sub K{sub s}} relations that provide distance estimates with uncertainties of 15%. This work expands the available suites of well-calibrated photometric distance relations that can be used to identify nearby stellar systems. The distance relations are used with quality cuts to extract an initial sample of stars from the UCAC4 estimated to be within 25 pc. Color, proper motion, and existing literature sources are then used to obtain a clean sample of red dwarfs, while limiting the amount of contamination from background giants, resulting in a sample of 1761 candidate nearby stars within 25 pc. Of these, 339 are new discoveries with no previously known published parallax or distance estimate, primarily with proper motions less than 0.2 arcsec yr{sup −1}. Five stars are estimated to be within 10 pc, with the nearest, TYC 3980 1081 1, with V=10.50 estimated to be at 5.9 pc. That several hundred new stars have been revealed so close to the Sun illustrates once again that there is considerable work yet to be done to map the solar neighborhood and that additional nearby stars are likely still to be discovered.

  2. PARALLAXES OF SOUTHERN EXTREMELY COOL OBJECTS. I. TARGETS, PROPER MOTIONS, AND FIRST RESULTS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present results from the PARallaxes of Southern Extremely Cool objects (PARSEC) program, an observational program begun in 2007 April to determine parallaxes for 122 L and 28 T southern hemisphere dwarfs using the Wide Field Imager on the ESO 2.2 m telescope. The results presented here include parallaxes of 10 targets from observations over 18 months and a first version proper motion catalog. The proper motions were obtained by combining PARSEC observations astrometrically reduced with respect to the Second US Naval Observatory CCD Astrograph Catalog, and the Two Micron All Sky Survey Point Source Catalog. The resulting median proper motion precision is 5 mas yr-1 for 195,700 sources. The 140 0.3 deg2 fields sample the southern hemisphere in an unbiased fashion with the exception of the galactic plane due to the small number of targets in that region. The proper motion distributions are shown to be statistically well behaved. External comparisons are also fully consistent. We will continue to update this catalog until the end of the program, and we plan to improve it including also observations from the GSC2.3 database. We present preliminary parallaxes with a 4.2 mas median precision for 10 brown dwarfs, two of which are within 10 pc. These increase the present number of L dwarfs by 20% with published parallaxes. Of the 10 targets, seven have been previously discussed in the literature: two were thought to be binary, but the PARSEC observations show them to be single; one has been confirmed as a binary companion and another has been found to be part of a binary system, both of which will make good benchmark systems. These results confirm that the foreseen precision of PARSEC can be achieved and that the large field of view will allow us to identify wide binary systems. Observations for the PARSEC program will end in early 2011 providing three to four years of coverage for all targets. The main expected outputs are: more than a 100% increase in the number of L

  3. Automatic detection of asteroids and meteoroids --- a wide-field survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vereš, P.; Tóth, J.; Jedicke, R.; Tonry, J.; Denneau, L.; Wainscoat, R.; Kornoš, L.; Šilha, J.

    2014-07-01

    The small Near-Earth Asteroids (NEAs) represent a potential risk but also an easily accessible space resource for future robotic or human in-situ space exploration or commercial activities. However, the population of 1--300 m NEAs is not well understood in terms of size- frequency and orbital distribution. NEAs with diameters below 200 m tend to have much faster spin rates than large objects and they are believed to be monolithic and not rubble-pile like their large counterparts. Moreover, the current surveys do not systematically search for the small NEAs that are mostly overlooked. We propose a low- cost robotic optical survey (ADAM-WFS) aimed at small NEAs based on four state-of-the-art telescopes having extremely wide fields of view. The four Houghton-Terebizh 30-cm astrographs (Fig. left) with 4096×4096 -pixel CCD cameras will acquire 96 square degrees in one exposure with the plate scale of 4.4 arcsec/pixel. In 30 seconds, the system will be able to reach +17.5 mag in unfiltered mode. The survey will be operated on semi-automatic basis, covering the entire night sky three times per night and optimized toward fast moving targets recognition. The advantage of the proposed system is the usage of existing of-the-shelf components and software for the image processing and object identification and linking (Denneau et al., 2013). The one-year simulation of the survey (Fig. right) at the testing location at AGO Modra observatory in Slovakia revealed that we will detect 60--240 NEAs between 1--300 m that get closer than 10 lunar distances from the Earth. The number of detections will rise by a factor of 1.5--2 in case the survey is placed at a superb observing location such as Canary Islands. The survey will also serve as an impact warning system for imminent impactors. Our simulation showed that we have a 20 % chance of finding a 50-m NEA on a direct impact orbit. The survey will provide multiple byproducts from the all-sky scans, such as comet discoveries, sparse

  4. The architecture of Hamburg-Bergedorf Observatory 1906 - 1912, compared with other observatories (German Title: Die Architektur der Hamburg-Bergedorfer Sternwarte 1906 - 1912 im Vergleich mit anderen Observatorien)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, Peter

    The foundation of the astrophysical observatories in Potsdam-Telegrafenberg in 1874, in Meudon near Paris in 1875 and in Mount Hamilton in California in 1875 resulted in a complete change of observatory architecture. Astrometry had become irrelevant; meridian halls, i.e. an exact north-south orientation, were no longer necessary. The location in the centre of a (university) town was disadvantageous, due to vibrations caused by traffic and artificial light at night. New principles were defined: considerable distance (from the city center), secluded and exposed position (on a mountain) and construction of pavilions: inside a park a pavilion was built for each instrument. Other observatories of this type are: Pic du Midi in the French Alps, built as from 1878 as the first permanent observatory in the high mountains; Nice, Mont Gros, (1879); Brussels, Uccle (1883); Edinburgh, Blackford Hill (1892); Heidelberg, Königstuhl (1896); Barcelona, Monte Tibidado (1902). The original Hamburg Observatory was a modest rectangular building near the Millernrtor; in 1833 it became a State institute. As from 1906 erection of a spacious complex in Bergedorf, 20 km northeast of the city center, took place. Except for the unavailable position on a mountain, this complex fulfilled all principles of a modern observatory: in a park pavilion architecture in an elegant neo-baroque style designed by Albert Erbe (architect of the new Hamburger Kunsthalle with cupola). At the Hamburg Observatory the domed structures were cleverly hierarchised leaving an open view to the south. At the beginning astrometry and astrophysics were equally important; there was still a meridian circle. Apart from that, the instruments were manifold: a large refractor 0.60 m (installed by Repsold/Hamburg, 9 m focal length) and a large reflector 1 m (Zeiss/Jena, 3m focal length). Both were the largest instruments of their kind in the German Empire. In addition, there was the Lippert Astrograph on an elegant polar

  5. Reduction of EAO Positional Observations Database

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nefedyev, Yuri; Andreev, Alexey; Demina, Natalya; Churkin, Konstantin

    2016-07-01

    There is a large data bank of positional observations of Solar System bodies at Engelhadt Astronomical Observatory (EAO). The positional observations include the major planets, except Jupiter. Modern technologies replace classical methods of observations in astronomy and in astrometry as well. At the same time many positional observations have been gathered at astronomical observatories. So taking into account that observations of the past epochs have presenteda great value for astronomy and as times goes by their importance is growing it is obvious that positional astrometry will not lose its practical importance. This was noted in B3 XXIV IAU resolution by the General Assembly. The results of reduction of solar system bodies observations were published mainly in Proceeding of EAO and Transactions of Kazan City Astronomical Observatory. Earlier there have been made about three thousand observations at EAO and Zelenchuk station with the Zeiss telescope (D=400mm, f=2000mm), AFR-18 (photo visual, D=200, f=2000), refractor (D=400mm, f=3450mm), Meniscus camera (D=340mm, f=1200mm), Schmidt camera (D=350mm, f=2000mm). The major planets except Pluto and Neptune were observed with a special cassette chamber equipped with a rotating disk which had an open sector to reduce the brightness of the planets. The dimension of the sector was chosen accordingto the brightness of the planets. The disk was placed in the centre of the astrograph's field. The stars' true brightness was preserved. A large number of catalogues were compiled by the end of the 20th century. We used Tycho-2 catalogue for reducing our observations. As it is known the catalogue Tycho-2 (Tycho-2 catalogue, 2000) includes 2539913 stars. The stars' proper motions given in the catalogue were obtained by comparing positions from Tycho-2 with positions from the Astrographic Catalogue. Therefore they are considered to be highly accurate. The accuracy of stellar positions in Tycho-2 is about 60 mas and the accuracy of

  6. Obituary: Julena Steinheider Duncombe, 1911-2003

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seidelmann, P. Kenneth

    2004-12-01

    Julena Steinheider Duncombe died on 13 September 2003, just eight days before her 92nd birthday. Julena Steinheider was born September 21, 1911 on a farm in Dorchester, Nebraska and grew up in Goehner, Nebraska. Her parents were Frederick and Ella Beenders Steinheider, and she had four brothers. She began college at the age of 17 and graduated at 21 from Doane College in Crete, Nebraska with a major in mathematics and a minor in astronomy. She started teaching in a one-room schoolhouse, where, with assistance from her family, she started possibly the first school lunch program by fixing lunches on the schoolhouse stove to provide food for children who only had popcorn to eat. Then she taught in Minatare and Scotts Bluff, Nebraska, and in a Japanese Relocation Camp in Wyoming. In 1945 she moved to Washington DC to begin working at the US Naval Observatory (USNO). She was the first woman observer on the 6-inch transit circle. She worked as an observer and mathematician reducing and analyzing observations of the Sun, Moon, planets, and stars. At the Naval Observatory she met Raynor Duncombe and married him in Goehner, Nebraska, in January 1948. She resigned from the USNO in 1948 to go with her husband to Yale University. At Yale the Duncombes introduced punched card equipment into the Astronomy Department. Ray also took graduate classes and Julie worked on Astrographic Catalog reductions. Upon returning to USNO in 1950 she joined the Nautical Almanac Office. She supervised the punched card operated typewriter to produce tables of positions of celestial bodies for air and sea navigation. With Dorrit Hoffleit she directed the keypunching of over 150 star catalogs, approximating 1.5 million cards. Several thousand errata to the catalogs were discovered and corrected on the cards and tape versions of the catalogs. This activity was the basis for future stellar databases. From 1963 she was responsible for producing the tabular predictions and maps for solar and lunar

  7. Obituary: Geoffrey Gardner Douglass, 1942-2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mason, Brian D.; Hartkopf, William; Corbin, Thomas

    2005-12-01

    Geoffrey Gardner Douglass passed away on 15 February 2005, following a long illness. Geoff was born 11 June 1942 in Rocky River, Ohio, and grew up there with a passion for science, theatre, and pets. He attended the nearby Case Institute of Technology (Cleveland, Ohio) before coming to the U.S. Naval Observatory on 28 April 1967. He worked at the USNO for over 30 years, until his retirement in January 1999. He was involved in the observing and measurement of parallax and double star plates on the SAMM and MANN measuring engines, and was stationed at Blenheim, New Zealand from 1985-1988 working at the Black Birch site on the Twin Astrograph Telescope. While there he and his wife Doris travelled extensively throughout New Zealand and Australia, He later worked with an early iteration of the USNO StarScan measuring machine. However, most of his work involved observations of visual double stars with the USNO 26-inch Clark Refractor, collaborating with F.J. ("Jerry") Josties on the photographic program in the late 1960s to the development of the USNO's speckle interferometry program throughout the 1990s. Geoff collaborated closely with Charles Worley from 1968 until Charles's death in December 1997, writing much of the double star software and assisting in the production of the USNO's double star catalogs. This was a period of transition, when some 200,000 punch cards of the Lick IDS (Index Catalog of Double Stars) were transferred from Lick Observatory to the USNO, then converted to magnetic tape. This ultimately resulted in the 1984 WDS catalog (currently maintained online). It was often joked that the "W" and "D" in the WDS (officially the "Washington Double Star" catalog) really stood for "Worley" and "Douglass." The "Curmudgeon" and the "Dour Scot" were a team for nearly thirty years. Geoff's first observation, of BU 442, was made 2 June 1967 with the USNO double star (photographic) camera, and his last, STF 342, was made on 28 November 1998 with the USNO speckle

  8. SN1987A's Twentieth Anniversary

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-02-01

    Looking back at 20 Years of Observations of this Supernova with ESO telescopes The unique supernova SN 1987A has been a bonanza for astrophysicists. It provided several observational 'firsts,' like the detection of neutrinos from an exploding star, the observation of the progenitor star on archival photographic plates, the signatures of a non-spherical explosion, the direct observation of the radioactive elements produced during the blast, observation of the formation of dust in the supernova, as well as the detection of circumstellar and interstellar material. ESO PR Photo 08a/07 ESO PR Photo 08a/07 SN1987A in the Large Magellanic Cloud Today, it is exactly twenty years since the explosion of Supernova 1987A in the Large Magellanic Cloud was first observed, at a distance of 163,000 light-years. It was the first naked-eye supernova to be seen for 383 years. Few events in modern astronomy have met with such an enthusiastic response by the scientists and now, after 20 years, it continues to be an extremely exciting object that is further studied by astronomers around the world, in particular using ESO's telescopes. When the first signs of Supernova 1987A, the first supernova of the year 1987, were noticed early on 24 February of that year, it was clear that this would be an unusual event. It was discovered by naked-eye and on a panoramic photographic plate taken with a 10-inch astrograph on Las Campanas in Chile by Oscar Duhalde and Ian Shelton, respectively. A few hours earlier, still on 23 February, two large underground detectors - in Japan and the USA - had registered the passage of high-energy neutrinos. Since SN 1987A exploded in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), it was only accessible to telescopes in the Southern Hemisphere, more particularly in Australia, South Africa, and South America. In Chile, ESO's observatory at La Silla with its armada of telescopes with sizes between 0.5 and 3.6-m, played an important role. ESO PR Photo 08c/07 ESO PR Photo 08c/07 The

  9. Obituary: Frank K. Edmondson (1912-2008)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pilachowski, Catherine A.; Olson, Margaret K. Edmondson; Edmondson, Frank K., Jr.

    2009-12-01

    Observatory in Brooklyn, IN, (a gift from Dr. Goethe Link, a noted Indianapolis physician and avid amateur astronomer), established a graduate program in astronomy, and enlarged the Department of Astronomy from two faculty members to eight. In one of his favorite stories, Edmondson bet Professor Cogshall a chocolate ice cream cone that President Herman B Wells would fund a new position for the Department, knowing full well that Wells had already agreed. Frank retired from IU in 1983. When many asteroids were lost during World War II, Frank and his colleague James Cuffey established the Indiana University Asteroid Program. Frank is credited with determining the orbits of 119 asteroids from 7000 photographic plates taken with a 10" astrographic telescope at the Goethe Link Observatory. Frank selected names for each of these asteroids, honoring IU Presidents, prominent scholars, and important Hoosier and astronomical landmarks. Asteroid 4300 Marg Edmondson he named for his wife Margaret. During his years as a faculty member at Indiana University, Frank advised Dr. Alfred Kinsey on statistical techniques for his pioneering studies of human sexuality, and also shared with Kinsey an abiding interest in classical music. The music and the programs at the IU School of Music brought great joy to Frank over his career at IU. His memory for programs he had heard in the past was phenomenal. Frank is best known in Bloomington for his remarkable skill as an educator. He loved teaching. He taught elementary astronomy to literally thousands of students, often taking advantage of his knowledge of music to introduce astronomical topics with appropriate musical selections. His popular, award-winning, televised astronomy course was broadcast to students throughout the state and is widely remembered even today. Following in the tradition of IU's legendary President Herman B Wells, whom he greatly admired, Frank devoted his career to service. In 1957 Indiana University became one of the seven