WorldWideScience

Sample records for assurance working party

  1. Recommendations for implementing stereotactic radiotherapy in peripheral stage IA non-small cell lung cancer: report from the Quality Assurance Working Party of the randomised phase III ROSEL study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A phase III multi-centre randomised trial (ROSEL) has been initiated to establish the role of stereotactic radiotherapy in patients with operable stage IA lung cancer. Due to rapid changes in radiotherapy technology and evolving techniques for image-guided delivery, guidelines had to be developed in order to ensure uniformity in implementation of stereotactic radiotherapy in this multi-centre study. A Quality Assurance Working Party was formed by radiation oncologists and clinical physicists from both academic as well as non-academic hospitals that had already implemented stereotactic radiotherapy for lung cancer. A literature survey was conducted and consensus meetings were held in which both the knowledge from the literature and clinical experience were pooled. In addition, a planning study was performed in 26 stage I patients, of which 22 were stage 1A, in order to develop and evaluate the planning guidelines. Plans were optimised according to parameters adopted from RTOG trials using both an algorithm with a simple homogeneity correction (Type A) and a more advanced algorithm (Type B). Dose conformity requirements were then formulated based on these results. Based on current literature and expert experience, guidelines were formulated for this phase III study of stereotactic radiotherapy versus surgery. These guidelines can serve to facilitate the design of future multi-centre clinical trials of stereotactic radiotherapy in other patient groups and aid a more uniform implementation of this technique outside clinical trials

  2. Multinationals' accountability on sustainability: the evolution of third-party assurance of sustainability reports

    OpenAIRE

    Perego, P.; Kolk, A.

    2012-01-01

    In this article we explore how multinational corporations (MNCs) adopt assurance practices to develop and sustain organizational accountability for sustainability. Using a panel of Fortune Global 250 firms over a period of 10 years, we document the diffusion patterns of third-party assurance of sustainability reports. We specifically investigate how evolving auditing practices, namely diversity of assurance standards and type of assurance providers, shape the quality of sustainability assuran...

  3. Using a third party for nuclear plant civil works, one of a solution for nuclear safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Issues that may happen during the construction of civil works of a nuclear power plant are numerous: concrete, reinforcement bars positioning, welding of the liner... On top of the above, quality and nuclear safety assurance is increasingly required by nuclear authorities to keep the current nuclear renaissance steady regarding public opinion. The speaker will present the benefits of using a third party during these civil works phases and about the value created for the circle of actors through a risk based inspection program. Going through the main stages of design and construction of civil works of a nuclear power plant, the main actors involved, their positioning and the role of a voluntary independent third party inspection body, the speaker demonstrates that an independent third party, voluntarily chosen by a Utility and nuclear power plant engineering company, may give confidence to each party. (authors)

  4. Report of the ITER Council's Ways and Means Working Party

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beginning in 1988 and continuing through 1990, the four Parties involved, under the auspices of the IAEA, have been cooperating in the ITER Conceptual Design Activities. In order to develop ways and means to comply with the objective of the cooperation, a Working Party was chartered by the Council in July, 1989. This report contains the outcome of the Working Party's effort to fulfil the Council's charge and subsequent additional guidance, which are also given in this document. 2 figs, 13 tabs

  5. Regulating third party assurance engagements on sustainability reports in Sweden – issues and challenges

    OpenAIRE

    Sonnerfeldt, Amanda

    2013-01-01

    The well-institutionalised notion of audits put forth that information subjected to independent examination by third parties potentially contribute to better quality information for decision making (towards more sustainable companies?). The presence of different assurance providers offering a myriad of services in the name of “sustainability assurance” led to concerns about their quality and comparability and as a consequence a call for standards to regulate these services. This study analyse...

  6. Monday (after work) is party time!

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2013-01-01

    In this interview with Hermann Schmickler, CERN accelerator expert and, more recently, manager of the Open Day organising team, the Bulletin looks behind the scenes of the organisation of CERN’s most popular events for the public.  After the huge endeavour, the “Bosons&More” party awaits you too!   The Open Days core team. “In the early days of the preparations when we still had some spare time, we decided to take photos in two different dress codes to illustrate the spirit of “Bosons&More”: formal evening dress and festival type clothes,” says Herman Schmickler. What will your dress code be on Monday evening?   When Hermann is asked “what did you like best” about this whole adventure, he has no hesitation: “The team,” he says. “We have a wonderful team of very motivated people.” Let’s make a rough calculation: the core team compris...

  7. Organization of the Fessenheim works and the quality assurance systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A rapid description is made of the power station which comprises two parts of 900 MW. The general organization of the works and the part played by E.D.F. in coordinating the work and controlling the quality are described. Then it is shown how the quality assurance is obtained during working activities and assembling, and also during trial runs

  8. Training, Quality Assurance Factors, and Tools Investigation: a Work Report and Suggestions on Software Quality Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Pen-Nan

    1991-01-01

    Previously, several research tasks have been conducted, some observations were obtained, and several possible suggestions have been contemplated involving software quality assurance engineering at NASA Johnson. These research tasks are briefly described. Also, a brief discussion is given on the role of software quality assurance in software engineering along with some observations and suggestions. A brief discussion on a training program for software quality assurance engineers is provided. A list of assurance factors as well as quality factors are also included. Finally, a process model which can be used for searching and collecting software quality assurance tools is presented.

  9. Summary of Country Reports Submitted to the Energy Efficiency Working Party: October 2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    The purpose of this summary report is to highlight energy efficiency policy action and planning in IEA member countries submited to the Energy Efficiency Working Party (EEWP) from March to September 2011.

  10. Report of the SRC working party on databases and database management systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An SRC working party, set up to consider the subject of support for databases within the SRC, were asked to identify interested individuals and user communities, establish which features of database management systems they felt were desirable, arrange demonstrations of possible systems and then make recommendations for systems, funding and likely manpower requirements. This report describes the activities and lists the recommendations of the working party and contains a list of databses maintained or proposed by those who replied to a questionnaire. (author)

  11. Progress report for 1988/89 from the Waste Treatment and Disposal Working Party covering joint funded work

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report covers progress in the area of ILW Product Evaluation. This work is a continuation of a generic study programme directed by the Waste Treatment and Disposal Working Party. The objective of the programme was to evaluate potential waste products arising from the treatment of ILW. (author)

  12. Overview of the activities of the OECD/NEA/NSC working party on nuclear criticality safety

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) started dealing with criticality-safety related subjects back in the seventies. In the mid-nineties, several activities related to criticality-safety were grouped together into the Working Party on Nuclear Criticality Safety. This working party has since been operating and reporting to the Nuclear Science Committee. Six expert groups co-ordinate various activities ranging from experimental evaluations to code and data inter-comparisons for the study of static and transient criticality behaviours. The paper describes current activities performed in this framework and the achievements of the various expert groups. (author)

  13. Initial report of the ITER Council's Ways and Means Working Party

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Under the auspices of the IAEA, the ITER Conceptual Design Activities began in April, 1988, and are scheduled to be completed in December, 1990. As part of the Terms of Reference of the ITER Conceptual Design Activities, the ITER Council chartered a Working Party which plans to define needed elements to conduct an Engineering Design of ITER, should the members wish to go on with such design. This document is an initial report of the Working Party on Ways and Means; it seeks to define the Engineering Design Activities, and to list the practical topics to be considered by the ITER EDA. 2 figs, 4 tabs

  14. Progress report for 1986 from the Plutonium Contaminated Materials Working Party

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper covers progress during 1986 under the joint BNFL/MOD/DoE funded PCM Working Party studying the management, treatment and immobilization of plutonium contaminated materials. Development is reported under each of seven main programme headings including reduction of arisings, Pu measurement, decommissioning and non-combustible PCM treatment, liquid effluent treatment, sorting and packaging, PCM immobilisation and engineering objectives. (author)

  15. Auditors' perceptions of reasonable assurance in audit work and the effectiveness of the audit risk model

    OpenAIRE

    Philip Law

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – Though assurance services framework has been defined in the Auditing Standards, the understandability of the concept of reasonable assurance are varied by different auditors. The audit risk model (ARM) that is being used on a worldwide basis to underpin the audit risk of companies, is often being criticized. The purpose of this paper is to assess auditors' perceptions of reasonable assurance in audit work and the effectiveness of the ARM. Design/methodology/approach – Three independ...

  16. Progress report for 1985/86 from the Waste Treatment and Disposal Working Party covering joint funded work

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Waste Treatment and Disposal Working Party (WTDWP) covered the areas of: ILW Product Evaluation, ILW and HLW Disposal Studies and ILW and HLW Quality Checking. The objectives of the programme were to evaluate potential waste products arising from the treatment of ILW, and to develop appropriate techniques which could be used to check the quality of the finished waste product. (author)

  17. Towards Open Access Publishing in High Energy Physics Report of the SCOAP3 Working Party

    CERN Document Server

    Bianco, S; Ferreira, P; Friend, F; Gargiulo, P; Hanania, R; Henrot-Versillé, S; Holtkamp, A; Igo-Kemenes, P; Jarroux-Declais, D; Jordão, M; Kämper, B-C; Krause, J; Lagrange, T; Le Diberder, F R; Lemasurier, A; Lengenfelder, A; Lindqvist, C M; Mele, S; Plaszczynski, S; Schimmer, R; Vigen, Jens; Voss, R; Wilbers, M; Yeomans, J; Zioutas, K

    2007-01-01

    This Report concerns the implementation of a process today supported by leading actors from the particle physics community, and worked through in detail by members of an international Working Party. The initiative offers an opportunity for the cost-effective dissemination of high-quality research articles in particle physics, enabling use of the new technologies of e-Science across the literature of High Energy physics.

  18. On the Sources of Establishment-selective Work of the Bolshevik Party

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasily P. Pashin

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Based on the archive materials from the funds of the Russian State Archive of Social and Political History, periodical publications of the 1920s and official Bolshevik Party documents, the article strives to analyze main directions in the search for creation of the nation-wide system for selection and appointment of executive staff. It shows the work of the Uchraspredotdel (Registration and Distribution Office of the Central Committee of the Russian Communist Party of Bolsheviks in its attempt to manage quality selection of staff by way of distribution, appointment and mobilization, and the transgression from the quantitative registration of all Communists to the registration based on application forms. The article also demonstrates the failure of the idea that all Bolshevik party members are potential organizers and leaders. It studies objective and subjective reasons for failures in the first attempts to select “responsible officials” on the nation-wide scale. The article also characterizes activity and opinions of a number of executives in their approaches towards creation of organization-selective work and their attitudes to it. It reveals the persistent aspiration of the Bolshevik Party to establish personal responsibility of the appointed executives, for the directive decisions, of its central authorities, which they take and implement.

  19. A computerized system for assuring work force reliability and security

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The US Department of Energy (DOE), the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), and other federal and state agencies are markedly increasing their requirements for applicant screening, certification, and ongoing personnel monitoring and assessment. The DOE's recently announced Personnel Security Assurance Program 10CFR5631.6 of the Code of Federal Regulations and the NRC's proposed Fitness-For-Duty Rule 10CFR26 and anticipated Access Authorization Rule are examples. A computer-based system that integrates all of the required information and yet is flexible enough to (a) permit an organization to tailor it to their specific requirements and (b) control data access on a need-to-know basis, appears to offer the only feasible solution to what is emerging as an administrative burden. The FLOW GEMINI Personnel Assurance System (PASS) is a computer-based software system designed to support personnel hiring, assignment, evaluation, and termination decisions. They can be as simple as routine preemployment processing or as complex as security processing for unescorted access status. PASS consists of a predefined data base, standard reports and expert systems, and several tools for tailoring the standard system and developing additional reports and queries

  20. Papers Presented to the 7th Session of the EIFAC Working Party on Eel

    OpenAIRE

    Moriarty, C.

    1992-01-01

    The Seventh Session of the Working Party on Eel of the European Inland Fisheries Advisory Commission was held in the Royal Hospital, Killmainham, Dublin. A list of the peer-reviewed papers and abstracts of other presentations to the session are given below. -- I M Domingos: Fluctuation of glass eel migration in the Mondego estuary (Portugal) in 1988 and 1989. -- Daniel Guerault, Raymonde Lecomte-Finiger, Yves Desaunay, Sylvie Biagianti-Risbourg, Pierre Beillois and Patrick Grellier: Glass ee...

  1. REPORT OF THE WORKING PARTY ON THE ACCESSION OF CHINA (Ⅱ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    7.Pricing Policies 50. Some members of the Working Party noted that China had made extensive use of price controls, for example in the agricultural sector. Those members requested that China undertake specific commitments concerning its system of state pricing. In particular, those members stated that China should allow prices for traded goods and services in every sector to be determined by market forces, and multi-tier pricing practices for such goods and services should be eliminated. Those members n...

  2. Progress report for 1982/83 from the Plutonium Contaminated Materials Working Party

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report falls under the headings: introduction (definitions of plutonium contaminated materials (PCM)); organisation and role of the Plutonium Contaminated Materials Working Party; management practices in relation to PCM; 1982/1983 Progress Report (engineering objectives; reduction of PCM arisings; plutonium measurement; development of treatment processes; decommissioning and non-combustible PCM treatment; washing of shredded combustible PCM; PCM immobilisation; liquid effluent treatment; actinide chemistry); programme management. (U.K.)

  3. Summary of Country Reports Submitted to the Energy Efficiency Working Party - October 2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-07-01

    The purpose of this summary report is to highlight energy efficiency policy action and planning in IEA member countries since the last meeting of the Energy Efficiency Working Party (EEWP) held in March 2011. This paper provides an overview of energy efficiency developments across all sectors, but is not meant to be a comprehensive review of every energy efficiency-related policy in IEA member countries.

  4. The Tri- Party Partnership: An Investigation into the Existing Support Structures within a DIT Work Placement

    OpenAIRE

    Meakin, Kerry; Keane, Órla

    2015-01-01

    The readiness of students entering the workforce upon graduating has been widely researched in Ireland, and a student work placement that is embedded in the curriculum is commonly recognised as a crucial mechanism that is key to preparing graduates for the ‘real world’. In this particular study, the voice of many key parties are captured, including the students themselves, members of the academic department who coordinate the programme, and the industry partners. Recommendations are made base...

  5. Progress report for 1984/85 from the Plutonium Contaminated Materials Working Party

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The progress report for 1984/5 from the 'Plutonium Contaminated Materials Working Party' is presented. The report is divided into eight main topics, each discussed separately, and include: reduction of arisings, plutonium measurement, sorting and packaging, washing of shredded combustible plutonium contaminated materials (PCM), decommissioning and non-combustible PCM treatment, PCM immobilization, treatment of alpha bearing liquid wastes, and engineering objectives. (U.K.)

  6. Quality assurance in radiotherapy. Proceedings of the working meeting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Major efforts have been made to develop and implement Quality Assurance (QA) methodologies, aimed at reducing various sources of errors to ensure not only a high standard of radiation treatment, but first and foremost to prevent radiation accidents. Institutional QA programmes as well as inter-institutional programmes have to be implemented, together with audits by external reference national or international bodies. One of the main goals of this seminar was to deal with the design, harmonization and structures of QA programmes in different countries, as well as with implementation of these programmes at the institutional, national, regional and international levels. These activities can lead to a global QA network having the potential to significantly improve standards of care for millions of cancer patients worldwide. The meeting was jointly organized by the International Society for Radiation Oncology (ISRO) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The meeting was attended by approximately 120 participants and observers representing national societies for radiation therapy and radiation medical physics in 35 countries and seven international organizations

  7. Fast burner reactor benchmark results from the NEA working party on physics of plutonium recycle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As part of a program proposed by the OECD/NEA Working Party on Physics of Plutonium Recycling (WPPR) to evaluate different scenarios for the use of plutonium, fast reactor physics benchmarks were developed; fuel cycle scenarios using either PUREX/TRUEX (oxide fuel) or pyrometallurgical (metal fuel) separation technologies were specified. These benchmarks were designed to evaluate the nuclear performance and radiotoxicity impact of a transuranic-burning fast reactor system. International benchmark results are summarized in this paper; and key conclusions are highlighted

  8. Flow assurance : complex phase behavior and complex work requires confidence and vigilance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, L.D. [ConocoPhillips, Major Projects, Advanced Integrated Simulation, Houston, TX (United States)

    2008-07-01

    Petroleum exploration and development projects and operations increasingly rely on flow assurance definition. Flow assurance is an integrating discipline as it follows the fluid from the reservoir to the market. Flow assurance works across complex technical and non-technical interfaces, including the reservoir, well completions, operation processes, project management, physical/organic chemistry, fluid mechanics, chemical engineering, mechanical engineering and corrosion. The phase behaviour in real fluids also has complex interfaces. The understanding and management of flow assurance of complex phase behaviour must be well communicated in order to enable proper selection, execution, and operation of development concepts designed to manage successful production within the fluid's phase behaviour. Simulation tools facilitate the translation of science into engineering. Academic, industrial, and field research is the core of these tools. The author cautioned that vigilance is required to assist and identify the right time to move innovation into the core tools.

  9. ACPSEM brachytherapy working group recommendations for quality assurance in brachytherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine (ACPSEM) Radiation Oncology Specialty Group (ROSG) formed a series of working groups in 2011 to develop recommendation papers for guidance of radiation oncology medical physics practice within the Australasian setting. These recommendations are intended to provide guidance for safe work practices and a suitable level of quality control without detailed work instructions. It is the responsibility of the medical physicist to ensure that locally available equipment and procedures are sufficiently sensitive to establish compliance to these recommendations. The recommendations are endorsed by the ROSG, have been subject to independent expert reviews and have also been approved by the ACPSEM Council. For the Australian audience, these recommendations should be read in conjunction with the Tripartite Radiation Oncology Practice Standards. This publication presents the recommendations of the ACPSEM Brachytherapy Working Group (BTWG) and has been developed in alignment with other international associations. However, these recommendations should be read in conjunction with relevant national, state or territory legislation and local requirements, which take precedence over the ACPSEM recommendation papers. It is hoped that the users of this and other ACPSEM recommendation papers will contribute to the development of future versions through the Radiation Oncology Specialty Group of the ACPSEM.

  10. Requirements for an ES and H assurance program at the working levels of organization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Means by which the disciplines of quality assurance (QA), reliability (R), and human factors (HF) might be used to the advantage of Environment, Safety, and Health (ES and H) programs are being investigated. A generalized model assurance program, based on QA, R, and HF principles but specifically tailored to ES and H program needs, has been developed. Current studies address implementation of the model assurance program at the working levels of organization. It appears that the only way practicability at the working level can be determined is by the case study method. The present study represents a first step in the application of such a procedure. An attempt was made to approach the question of practicability by first constructing a generic ES and H assurance plan for working-level organizations that is based upon the more widely-applied model plan and studies mentioned earlier. Then the elements of this generic working-level plan were compared with the practices of an existing R and D organization at Sandia Laboratories, Albuquerque. Some of the necessary steps were taken to convert these practices to those required by the generic plan in order to gain a measure of the feasibility, cost, and some of the possible benefits of such a conversion. Partial results of one case study are presented, and some generalizations that emerge regarding the structure of an idealized working-level ES and H plan are made

  11. Requirements for an ES and H assurance program at the working levels of organization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tierney, M.S.; Ellingson, A.C.

    1979-07-01

    Means by which the disciplines of quality assurance (QA), reliability (R), and human factors (HF) might be used to the advantage of Environment, Safety, and Health (ES and H) programs are being investigated. A generalized model assurance program, based on QA, R, and HF principles but specifically tailored to ES and H program needs, has been developed. Current studies address implementation of the model assurance program at the working levels of organization. It appears that the only way practicability at the working level can be determined is by the case study method. The present study represents a first step in the application of such a procedure. An attempt was made to approach the question of practicability by first constructing a generic ES and H assurance plan for working-level organizations that is based upon the more widely-applied model plan and studies mentioned earlier. Then the elements of this generic working-level plan were compared with the practices of an existing R and D organization at Sandia Laboratories, Albuquerque. Some of the necessary steps were taken to convert these practices to those required by the generic plan in order to gain a measure of the feasibility, cost, and some of the possible benefits of such a conversion. Partial results of one case study are presented, and some generalizations that emerge regarding the structure of an idealized working-level ES and H plan are made. (JGB)

  12. Student Voices Speak Quality Assurance: Continual Improvement in Online Social Work Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Secret, Mary; Bentley, Kia J.; Kadolph, Jessie C.

    2016-01-01

    As social work education expands instruction through the rise of distance education, educators seek new ways to improve quality in online courses. Quality assurance standards and student feedback offer valuable insights to ensure satisfying and effective online learning experiences. An examination of these two assessment approaches concurrently in…

  13. Summary of Country Reports Submitted to the Energy Efficiency Working Party - January 2010

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-07-01

    The purpose of the January 2010 Country Report Summary is to highlight energy efficiency policy action and planning in IEA member countries since the previous meeting of the Energy Efficiency Working Party (EEWP) held in September 2009. This paper is not meant to be a comprehensive review of every energy efficiency-related policy in IEA member countries. In all of the country reports received, there is evidence of significant energy efficiency policy action. The most significant observations from these country reports cover three areas. The first is that the spending focus on energy efficiency seen in the previous two country reports (31 March and 15 September 2009) appears largely unchanged, and is still concentrated in the building sector. Second, countries are actively undertaking analysis and public consultation to plan for future projects. Third, many countries reported activity taking place in the area of fiscal policy, from amendments to new fiscal measures.

  14. Quality assurance experience in the manufacture of PFBR reactor vessel during technology development work

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An efficient and proper implementation of quality assurance in the technology development works of Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR) main vessel was undertaken to achieve the desired quality and dimensional accuracy of main vessel. In this paper an attempt has been made to bring out the methods and procedures adopted to implement the quality assurance programme on important activities including approval of documents, material, general requirements for manufacture of SS components, inspection procedures, forming and welding of petals, non-destructive testing etc. (author)

  15. Basic concept of common reactor physics code systems. Final report of working party on common reactor physics code systems (CCS)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A working party was organized for two years (2001-2002) on common reactor physics code systems under the Research Committee on Reactor Physics of JAERI. This final report is compilation of activity of the working party on common reactor physics code systems during two years. Objectives of the working party is to clarify basic concept of common reactor physics code systems to improve convenience of reactor physics code systems for reactor physics researchers in Japan on their various field of research and development activities. We have held four meetings during 2 years, investigated status of reactor physics code systems and innovative software technologies, and discussed basic concept of common reactor physics code systems. (author)

  16. Summary of Country Reports Submitted to the Energy Efficiency Working Party - September 2010

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-07-01

    The purpose of this summary report is to highlight energy efficiency policy action and planning in IEA member countries since the last meeting of the Energy Efficiency Working Party (EEWP)1 held in January 2010. This paper provides an overview of energy efficiency developments across all sectors, but is not meant to be a comprehensive review of every energy efficiency-related policy in IEA member countries. At the request of the EEWP, this issue of the country report summary focuses primarily on transport. Countries reported a wide range of energy efficiency policy activity. Compared with past reports, energy efficiency policy planning seems to be giving way to programme implementation in the buildings, lighting and appliances sectors. Planning and implementation is underway in the transport sector. Measures in the transport sector are diverse and include financial support for electric vehicle R&D and pilot projects, fiscal policies to encourage the purchase of efficient vehicles, eco-drive programmes and vehicle labelling. Measures of note outside the transport sector include the promotion of smart metering.

  17. Despite Norway’s stable economy, a resurgent Conservative party may mean its ruling red-green coalition is no longer assured a third term in office

    OpenAIRE

    Jørgensen, Sten Inge

    2012-01-01

    It will prove difficult for Norway’s red-green coalition to win a historical third term, argues Sten Inge Jørgensen. Following its sister-party in Sweden, the Norwegian Conservative Party is now successfully portraying itself as a new Labour Party in an attempt to chip away votes from the governing coalition.

  18. Progress report for 1983/84 from the Waste Treatment and Disposal Working Party covering joint BNFL/DOE funded work

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The subject is covered in paragraphs: introduction (arisings of intermediate-level radioactive waste); organisation and role of the Waste Treatment and Disposal Working Party; main objectives (to provide data on intermediate-level waste treatment systems and allow assessment of alternative processes); ILW process and flowsheeting studies; ILW product evaluation. (U.K.)

  19. Intermediate Level Waste Research Programme: Progress report for 1986/87 from the Waste Treatment and Disposal Working Party covering Joint Funded Work

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Waste Treatment and Disposal Working Party (WTDWP) covered the areas of: ILW Product Evaluation; ILW and HLW Disposal Studies, and ILW and HLW Quality Checking. The objectives of the programme were to evaluate potential waste products arising from the treatment of ILW/HLW, and to develop appropriate techniques which could be used to check the quality of the finished waste product. (author)

  20. Financial assurances

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    US Ecology is a full service waste management company. The company operates two of the nation's three existing low-level radioactive waste (LLRW) disposal facilities and has prepared and submitted license applications for two new LLRW disposal facilities in California and Nebraska. The issue of financial assurances is an important aspect of site development and operation. Proper financial assurances help to insure that uninterrupted operation, closure and monitoring of a facility will be maintained throughout the project's life. Unfortunately, this aspect of licensing is not like others where you can gauge acceptance by examining approved computer codes, site performance standards or applying specific technical formulas. There is not a standard financial assurance plan. Each site should develop its requirements based upon the conditions of the site, type of design, existing state or federal controls, and realistic assessments of future financial needs. Financial assurances at U.S. Ecology's existing sites in Richland, Washington, and Beatty, Nevada, have been in place for several years and are accomplished in a variety of ways by the use of corporate guarantees, corporate capital funds, third party liability insurance, and post closure/long-term care funds. In addressing financial assurances, one can divide the issue into three areas: Site development/operations, third party damages, and long-term care/cleanup

  1. REPORT OF THE WORKING PARTY ON THE ACCESSION OF CHINA (Ⅴ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    283.The representative of China stated that Article 10 of the Anti-unfair Competition Law provided that a business operator must not infringe upon trade secrets.Under the same Article.obtaining,using or disclosing another's trade secrets by a third party who clearly knew or ouqht to have known that the case fell under the unlawful acts listed in the preceding paragraph was deemed infringement upon trade secrets.Trade secrets referred to any technology information or business operation information which ...

  2. Institutionalisation of Internal Quality Assurance: Focusing on Institutional Work and the Significance of Disciplinary Differences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vukasovic, Martina

    2014-01-01

    The study suggests that institutionalisation of a comprehensive and systematic approach to internal quality assurance of higher education institutions inspired by the Bologna Process has regulative, normative and cultural-cognitive dimensions. It includes development of structures and procedures for quality assurance, as well as boosting of the…

  3. Summary Record of the Twenty-Sixth Meeting of the Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The NEA's nuclear data evaluation co-operation activities involve the following evaluation projects: ENDF (United States), JENDL (Japan), ROSFOND/BROND (Russia), JEFF (other Data Bank member countries) and CENDL (China) in close co-operation with the Nuclear Data Section of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The working party was established to promote the exchange of information on nuclear data evaluations, measurements, nuclear model calculations, validation, and related topics, and to provide a framework for co-operative activities between the participating projects. The working party assesses nuclear data improvement needs and addresses these needs by initiating joint evaluation and/or measurement efforts. This document is the executive summary of WPEC's 26. meeting held in 2014. It presents a brief review of the 2 days meeting in particular the Reports on experimental activities in Europe, Japan, USA and China, the Brief progress reports from the evaluation projects (ENDF, JEFF, JENDL, ROSFOND, CENDL, IAEA, TENDL) with the discussion of future plans, the Review of final or near-final subgroup reports, the Status of ongoing subgroups, the Proposals for new subgroups and some information about Conferences and meetings of interest to the nuclear data community. A list of participants and a list of reports presented at this meeting are attached in appendix

  4. Progress report for 1984/85 from the Waste Treatment and Disposal Working Party covering joint BNFL/DOE funded work

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The progress report from the waste treatment and disposal working party is concerned with the management of intermediate-level radioactive waste arising from dismantled fuel assemblies, cladding removed from fuel cans, sludges from fuel cladding corrosion, flocs from liquid waste, ion exchange resins and solid wastes generated during reprocessing. It is proposed that these wastes be incorporated in a matrix for safe transport, storage and disposal and the objectives of the study are to evaluate waste products arising from the treatment of ILWS and to develop techniques to check the quality of the finished waste product. (UK)

  5. Production and processing of covariance data for nuclear applications by the Working Party on International Evaluation Nuclear Data Cooperation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The implementation of various nuclear technologies largely depends on computer simulations using nuclear data. The reliability of such calculations cannot be determined without precise knowledge of the uncertainties and related correlations associated with the basic nuclear data reported in the evaluated cross-section libraries. Scarcity of such information motivated establishment of the two international projects within the framework of the Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC). The first project, WPEC Subgroup 24, is dedicated to the development of new methods for covariance data evaluation in the fast neutron region and the second project, WPEC Subgroup 28, on resonance region covariance processing methods to prepare covariance data libraries for sensitivity/uncertainty analyses. The goals and current achievements of both projects are reviewed. (authors)

  6. Designing a new structure for storing nuclear data. Progress of the Working Party for Evaluation Cooperation subgroup 38

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An international effort is underway to design a new structure for storing and using nuclear reaction data, with the goal of eventually replacing the current standard, ENDF-6 (see the formats manual at http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/csewg/docs/endf-manual.pdf). This effort, organized by the Working Party for Evaluation Cooperation, was initiated in 2012 and has resulted in a list of requirements and specifications for how the proposed new structure shall perform. The new structure will take advantage of new developments in computational tools, using a nested hierarchy to store data. The structure can be stored in text form (such as an XML file) for human readability and data sharing, or it can be stored in binary to optimize data access. In this paper, we present the progress towards completing the requirements, specifications and implementation of the new structure. (orig.)

  7. Designing a new structure for storing nuclear data. Progress of the Working Party for Evaluation Cooperation subgroup 38

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mattoon, C.M.; Beck, B.R. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA (United States)

    2015-12-15

    An international effort is underway to design a new structure for storing and using nuclear reaction data, with the goal of eventually replacing the current standard, ENDF-6 (see the formats manual at http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/csewg/docs/endf-manual.pdf). This effort, organized by the Working Party for Evaluation Cooperation, was initiated in 2012 and has resulted in a list of requirements and specifications for how the proposed new structure shall perform. The new structure will take advantage of new developments in computational tools, using a nested hierarchy to store data. The structure can be stored in text form (such as an XML file) for human readability and data sharing, or it can be stored in binary to optimize data access. In this paper, we present the progress towards completing the requirements, specifications and implementation of the new structure. (orig.)

  8. Quality assurance FY 1995 site support program plan WBS 6.7.2.5

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report is a summary of the quality assurance plan and program for the Westinghouse Hanford Company. The quality assurance plan verifies that the appropriate quality assurance programs and controls are applied to activities that affect quality related to work in: waste management; environmental activities (restoration, remediation, and monitoring); implementation of environmental, state, local, and federal regulations; tri-party agreement activities; facility operation and deactivation/transition to shutdown; new facility construction and operation

  9. Status and near-term works on the EUR document, possible use by third parties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: For reasons (diversity of supply, evolution of the costs of alternative energies, new uses of electricity) that are valid in practically all the countries where they operate nuclear power plants, the major European electricity producers have expressed the will to keep the nuclear option open, that is to be able to build new Gen 3 LWR nuclear power plants when their economic interest or necessity requests it. Producing a common specification, the European Utility Requirement (EUR) document, that sets out harmonized design targets, has been one of the basic tasks towards this objective. On this base the main vendors have developed standard Gen 3 LWR designs that may be built without major design changes. In 2007-2009, the European Utility Requirements (EUR) works have been focused on the EUR volume 3 (evaluation of the available Gen 3 designs) and volume 4 (conventional island generic requirements). On the EUR volume 3, the assessment works on the AP1000 and AES92 projects have been concluded and the corresponding subsets of the EUR volume 3 have been published. On the EPR, since the previous assessment released in 1999 was felt a bit obsolete (both the project and the requirements had been modified since that time) the works on the EPR assessment have resumed in 2007. Representatives from ten EUR utilities and Areva have been involved in an in-depth revision of the analysis of compliance. Meetings of the specific EUR coordination group in charge of this task have been organized every 4-5 weeks throughout 2008. The revision B of the EPR subset of the EUR volume 3 has been released in July 2009. The revision C of the EUR volume 4 has been made available after a thorough review has been performed within the EUR organization to make it consistent with the revision C of the EUR volume 2 published in 2001. Meanwhile a lot of preparatory material for a possible revision D of the EUR volumes 1 and 2 has been produced since 2002. Since important contributions are

  10. ERA—European Radiochemists Association: Report on the activities of the Working Party for Nuclear and Radiochemistry of the Federation of European Chemical Societies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolar, Z. I.; Ware, A. R.

    2003-01-01

    The European Radiochemists Association started almost simultaneously with the appearance of the first issue of the Radiochemistry in Europe newsletter in August 1995. The objective of the European Radiochemists Association (ERA) is to extend and improve communication between radiochemists in Europe through a newsletter. Liaison persons within each country or group exchange details of their activities, set up a diary of relevant international events and exchange details of specialist equipment, facilities and technology. In the year 2000 the Federation of European Chemical Societies decided to form a working party on nuclear and radiochemistry. It is a formalisation of the European Radiochemists Association. Each chemical society is allowed to nominate a member to the Working Party on Nuclear and Radiochemistry. Currently we have 12 nominated members plus two invited and one observer. In addition to the ERA aims and objectives it proposes to put together a syllabus of radiochemistry for undergraduate and post-graduate students—this aspect has been a part of our support of the International Atomic Energy Agency initiative. Also the aim of the working party is to support other working parties and divisions, to press the Federation of the European Chemical Societies for financial structure. To this end an Expression of Interest has been tabled with the Framework 6 Programme for networking within radiochemistry in Europe. The WP will liaise with the International Isotope Society and the International Society on Radiopharmaceutical Chemistry and Biology to seek to communicate and to consider ways of working together.

  11. Activity report of working party on reactor physics of accelerator-driven system. July 1999 to March 2001

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Under the Research Committee on Reactor Physics, the Working Party on Reactor Physics of Accelerator-Driven System (ADS-WP) was set in July 1999 to review and investigate special subjects related to reactor physics research for the Accelerator-Driven Subcritical System (ADS). The ADS-WP, at the first meeting, discussed a guideline of its activity for two years and decided to concentrate upon three subjects: (1) neutron transport calculations in high energy range, (2) static and kinetic (safety-related) characteristics of subcritical system, and (3) system design including ADS concepts and elemental technology developments required. The activity of ADS-WP continued from July 1999 to March 2001. In this duration, the members of ADS-WP met together four times and discussed the above subjects. In addition, the ADS-WP conducted a questionnaire on requests and proposals for the plan of Transmutation Physics Experimental Facility in the High-Intensity Proton Accelerator Project, which is a joint project between JAERI and KEK (High Energy Accelerator Research Organization). This report summarizes the results obtained by the above ADS-WP activity. (author)

  12. Integer algorithms in cryptology and information assurance

    CERN Document Server

    Verkhovsky, Boris S

    2014-01-01

    Integer Algorithms in Cryptology and Information Assurance is a collection of the author's own innovative approaches in algorithms and protocols for secret and reliable communication. It concentrates on the "what" and "how" behind implementing the proposed cryptographic algorithms rather than on formal proofs of "why" these algorithms work. The book consists of five parts (in 28 chapters) and describes the author's research results in: -->Innovative methods in cryptography (secret communication between initiated parties);Cryptanalysis (how to break the e

  13. Introduction to quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In today's interpretation 'quality assurance' means 'good management'. Quality assurance has to cover all phases of a work, but all quality assurance measures must be adapted to the relevance and complexity of the actual task. Examples are given for the preparation of quality classes, the organization of quality assurance during design and manufacturing and for auditing. Finally, efficiency and limits of quality assurance systems are described. (orig.)

  14. Why do parties change position? Party organization and environmental incentives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    G. Schumacher; C.E. de Vries; B. Vis

    2013-01-01

    What motivates parties to change their positions? Earlier studies demonstrate that parties change their position in response to environmental incentives, such as voter shifts. Yet, this work also suggests that parties differ in their responses. What accounts for this variation? We argue and empirica

  15. 论党的作风建设“新常态”%On the"New Normal"of Construction of the Party's Working Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋成会

    2015-01-01

    As the development of "new normal" ideas and thinking,the "new normal" provides a new perspective to the study of the Party's working style construction.The CPC Central Committee of the new term takes the construction of working style as an important point of work start and has adopted a series of powerful new measures,put forward some new ideas of the construction of the Party and inject new momentum into the Party's working style construction and lead the construction of Par-ty's working style to a"new normal":the Party's working style construction being often strengthened,the ideological style being transformed;carrying forward the style of hard work and plain living and setting up the bottom line thinking;adherence to the"Eight Provisions",and the leadership setting an example;maintaining close ties with the masses,and emphasizing the core link;exercising rigid regulations and controlling the leader teams;and tightening the cage of system,and constructing a fundamental guarantee.%随着“新常态”的理念和思维的发展,“新常态”为党的作风建设的研究提供了新视角。新一届党中央把加强作风建设作为工作开局的重要切入点,采取了一系列强有力的新措施,提出了党风建设的新观点,为党的作风建设注入了新动力,使党的作风建设进入“新常态”:常补精神之“钙”,转变思想作风;发扬艰苦奋斗,树立底线思维;严守“八项规定”,领导作出表率;密切联系群众,抓实核心环节;落实“三严三实”,管好干部队伍;扎紧制度笼子,构筑根本保障。

  16. Improving the interface between primary and secondary care: a statement from the European Working Party on Quality in Family Practice (EQuiP)

    OpenAIRE

    Kvamme, O; Olesen, F.; Samuelsson, M

    2001-01-01

    A group from the European Working Party on Quality in Family Practice (EQuiP), working with over 20 European colleges of primary care, has assessed what, in their view, is needed to improve the quality of care at the interface between general practice and specialists. Experiences and ideas from a wide range of people were gathered through focused group discussions. From these it was clear that, for real improvement at the interface of care, changes are needed in the system of care and in the ...

  17. Working on an assured future: the control in Western-Europe of radioactive waste

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report presents background information with regard to the policy concerning the disposal and storage of radioactive waste. Also is outlined how this is being worked on by the various European countries which are joined in the UNIPEDE. (author). 60 figs.; 1 tab

  18. Navy Radon Assessment and Mitigation Program: Work/quality assurance project plan screening phase

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1987, the military services of the United States were tasked to take appropriate action to establish an indoor radon assessment and mitigation program. As a result, the Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFACENGCOM) was assigned the responsibility of identifying potential hazards to personnel from exposure to naturally occurring radon gas and prioritizing corrective actions and to coordinating these actions with the major claimants. NAVRAMP is based upon current US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) guidelines. The program has been separated into four phases. The screening phase will concentrate on evaluating radon levels, based on statistical samples, in those buildings that have been determined to be at most at risk to elevated levels of radon, such as base housing, schools, day-care centers, hospitals, brigs, Base Officer Quarters, and Base Enlisted Quarters. During the assessment phase, every building that contains personnel for over 4 h/day will be evaluated. Mitigation work will be accomplished by Navy or Navy-contracted personnel. HAZWRAP services during the mitigation phase will consist of determining the extent of reduction in radon levels after the mitigation effort. 7 refs., 11 figs

  19. Compliance with Aerospace Quality Assurance Standard AS9100

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughitt, Brian

    2009-01-01

    The contents include: 1) United States Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR) Part 46, Quality Assurance; 2) NASA Quality Roadmap; 3) AS9003 Inspection and Test Quality Management System; 4) Government Oversight Responsibilities; and 5) Third Party vs Second Party Oversight.

  20. Your Golden Jubilee Party!

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    All staff are invited to the Golden Jubilee Staff Party on the evening of 17 September. To mark CERN's 50th anniversary, the Director General would like to invite all staff working at CERN to celebrate the success of the organization. The party will be held on the terrace of the Main Building on 17 September at 4:00 pm. The event will include an address by the DG, music, film clips, drinks and snacks. Your effort, hard work and enthusiasm have been the key to CERN's success. The first of the main events celebrating the organization's Golden Jubilee is for you, so come along and celebrate!

  1. Christmas party

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2011-01-01

    The Christmas party organized by the Staff Association took place on Saturday 3 December. 200 children from 5 to 7 years old attended a magic show which filled them with wonder. Then they were served a snack in the Novae restaurant. Finally, just before their parents came to pick them up, Father Christmas gave them a present. The Staff Association wishes you a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!

  2. Presentations and documents submitted to the 27. meeting of the Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation (WPEC), NEA Headquarters, 21-22 May 2015

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The NEA's nuclear data evaluation co-operation activities involve the following evaluation projects: ENDF (United States), JENDL (Japan), ROSFOND/BROND (Russia), JEFF (other Data Bank member countries) and CENDL (China) in close co-operation with the Nuclear Data Section of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The working party was established to promote the exchange of information on nuclear data evaluations, measurements, nuclear model calculations, validation, and related topics, and to provide a framework for co-operative activities between the participating projects. The working party assesses nuclear data improvement needs and addresses these needs by initiating joint evaluation and/or measurement efforts. This document brings together the available documents and presentations relative to this meeting: the agenda, the Summary record of the previous meeting held on May 2014, the Reports (slides) on experimental activities from Europe, Japan, USA, Russia and China, the Brief progress reports from the evaluation projects (ENDF, JEFF, JENDL, ROSFOND, CENDL, IAEA, TENDL), the presentation from Subgroup 39 (Methods and approaches to provide feedback from nuclear and covariance data adjustment for improvement of nuclear data files) and from Subgroup 41 (Improving nuclear data accuracy of 241Am and 237Np capture cross-sections). The document ends with a preliminary proposal for a New Subgroup 42 (Thermal Scattering Kernel S(α,β): Measurement, Evaluation and Application)

  3. Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Cooperation (WPEC). Presentations and documents submitted to the 25. meeting, NEA Headquarters, 23-24 May 2013

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The NEA's nuclear data evaluation co-operation activities involve the following evaluation projects: ENDF (United States), JEFF (Data Bank member countries), JENDL (Japan) and RUSFOND/BROND (Russia). The participation from projects in non-NEA Member countries, such as CENDL, is channelled through the Nuclear Data Section of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The working party was established to promote the exchange of information on nuclear data evaluations, measurements, nuclear model calculations, validation, and related topics, and to provide a framework for co-operative activities between the participating projects. The working party assesses nuclear data improvement needs and addresses these needs by initiating joint evaluation and/or measurement efforts. The 25. meeting of the working party was held on 23-24 May 2013 at the NEA Headquarters, Issy-les-Moulineaux, France. This document brings together the available presentations (slides and reports) given at this meeting Presentations (slides) on experimental activities are available for: NEA DB, Japan, USA, Russia and China (slides + report). Brief progress reports (slides) from the evaluation projects are available for: ENDF, JEFF, JENDL (slides + Report), BROND + slides on Rosatom Standard Reference Data System, CENDL, IAEA and TENDL. Presentations (slides) about the Status of subgroups are available for the following subgroups: - Subgroup 31: Meeting nuclear data needs for advanced reactors (slides + report); - Subgroup C: High Priority Request List (HPRL); - Subgroup 33: Methods and issues for the combined use of integral experiments and covariance data (slides + report); - Subgroup 34: Coordinated evaluation of 239Pu in the resonance region; - Subgroup 35: Scattering angular distribution in the fast energy range; - Subgroup 36: Reporting and usage of experimental data for evaluation in the resolved resonance region; - Subgroup 37: Improved fission product yield evaluation methodologies

  4. Conflict stress and reduced well-being at work : The buffering effect of third-party help

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Giebels, E; Janssen, O

    2005-01-01

    This study among 108 Dutch social services workers examined whether particularly the intrapsychic tension directly associated with interpersonal conflict at work, i.e., conflict stress, is responsible for reduced well-being in terms of emotional exhaustion, absenteeism, and turnover intentions. Furt

  5. Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation (WPEC). Presentations and documents submitted to the 27. meeting, NEA Headquarters, 21-22 May 2015

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The NEA's nuclear data evaluation co-operation activities involve the following evaluation projects: ENDF (United States), JENDL (Japan), ROSFOND/BROND (Russia), JEFF (other Data Bank member countries) and CENDL (China) in close co-operation with the Nuclear Data Section of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The working party was established to promote the exchange of information on nuclear data evaluations, measurements, nuclear model calculations, validation, and related topics, and to provide a framework for co-operative activities between the participating projects. The working party assesses nuclear data improvement needs and addresses these needs by initiating joint evaluation and/or measurement efforts. The 27. Meeting of the WPEC was the occasion to review the experimental activities, the evaluation projects and the Status of subgroups. This document brings together the available documents of the meeting: 1 - The Proposed agenda, the list of participants and the Summary record of the previous meeting, May 2014 (Report NEA-SEN-NSC-WPEC--2014-2); 2 - The Reports on experimental activities: Europe (NEA DB), Japan, USA, Russia, China; 3 - Some Brief progress reports from the evaluation projects: ENDF, JEFF, JENDL, BROND/ROSFOND, CENDL, IAEA, and TENDL; 4 - The Status of some subgroups: Subgroup 35 (Scattering angular distribution in the fast energy range); Subgroup 36 (Reporting and usage of experimental data for evaluation in the resolved resonance region); Subgroup 37 (Improved fission product yield evaluation methodologies); Subgroup 38 (A modern nuclear database structure beyond the ENDF format); Subgroup 39 (Methods and approaches to provide feedback from nuclear and covariance data adjustment for improvement of nuclear data files); Subgroup 40 (Collaborative International Evaluated Library Organisation (CIELO) Pilot Project); Subgroup 41 (Improving nuclear data accuracy of 241Am and 237Np capture cross-sections); Subgroup C (High Priority

  6. The Application of New Media to the Party-Masses Work & Political Work in Enterprises%新媒体在企业党群政工工作中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张炜昊

    2015-01-01

    The fast development of new media has brought the party-masses work and political work in enterprises into a new era. This paper discusses that the application of new media can effectively promote the publicity of the party’s path, guiding principles and policies,broaden communication channels between the party and masses,raise the enthusiasm of employees’ participation into enterprise construction and strengthen the role of supervision of the public voice. Taking WeChat and Microblog as an example,it analyzes their roles in practical works.%新媒体的快速发展,使企业党群政工工作进入新时代。新媒体的应用可以有效提升党的路线、方针、政策的宣传力度,拓宽党群信息的沟通渠道,提高员工参与企业建设的热情,加强舆论的监督功能。以微信、微博为例,分析了其在企业党群政工工作中的作用。

  7. ELASTICITY OF PARTY DEMAND

    OpenAIRE

    Yaskova L.V.

    2012-01-01

    On basis of sociological researches political parties as social organizations in Russia (on the example of regional branches of Lipetsk region political parties) on the entry into force of the law «About political parties» 2001 till the present moment are analyzed. It is underlined the change of volume of party space actors during various elective periods, characterized by elasticity of party demand. The factors defining elasticity of party demand are concluded. The estimation of party demand...

  8. Work Hard, Party Harder: Drug Use and Sexual Behaviour in Young British Casual Workers in Ibiza, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danielle Kelly

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Every summer, young people flock to nightlife-focused holiday resorts around the world to find casual work. Despite being exposed to hedonistic environments, often for several months, little is known about their substance use, sexual activity and health service needs over this extended amount of time abroad. Methods: A short anonymous questionnaire examining alcohol and drug use, sexual behaviour and use of health services was administered to young British casual workers aged 16–35 in San Antonio, Ibiza (n = 171. Results: 97.7% of casual workers used alcohol in Ibiza, and the majority (85.3% used drugs. Almost half (43.5% of all participants used a drug in Ibiza that they had never used in the UK. Most casual workers arrived in Ibiza without a partner or spouse (86.5%. Of these, 86.9% had sex during their stay and 50.0% had unprotected sex; often while under the influence of alcohol. Only 14.3% of those having unprotected sex with a new partner sought a sexual health check-up in Ibiza, although 84.1% intended to do this on their return to the UK. Conclusion: Substance use and sexual risk taking is widespread among young British casual workers in Ibiza. Such international nightlife resorts represent key settings for substance-related health and social problems, and for the international spread of sexually transmitted infections. Addressing the health needs of casual workers and the environments that permit and promote their excessive behaviour requires collaboration between authorities in home and destination countries and the tourism industry.

  9. 30 CFR 7.7 - Quality assurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Quality assurance. 7.7 Section 7.7 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TESTING, EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS TESTING BY APPLICANT OR THIRD PARTY General § 7.7 Quality assurance. Applicants...

  10. Your Golden Jubilee Party!

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    All staff are invited to the Golden Jubilee Staff Party on the evening of 17 September To mark CERN's 50th anniversary, the Director General would like to invite all staff working at CERN to celebrate the success of the organization. The party will be held on the terrace of the Main Building on 17 September at 4:00 pm. The event will include an address by the DG, music, film clips, drinks and snacks. Your effort, hard work and enthusiasm have been the key to CERN's success. The first of the main events celebrating the organization's Golden Jubilee is for you, so come along and celebrate! http://www.cern.ch/cern50/

  11. Your Golden Jubilee Party!

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    All staff are invited to the Golden Jubilee Staff Party on the evening of 17 September. To mark CERN's 50th anniversary, the Director General would like to invite all staff working at CERN to celebrate the success of the organization. The party will be held on the terrace of the Main Building on 17 September at 4:00 pm. The event will include an address by the DG, music, film clips, drinks and snacks! Your effort, hard work and enthusiasm have been the key to CERN's success. The first of the main events celebrating the organization's Golden Jubilee is for you, so come along and celebrate! http://www.cern.ch/cern50/

  12. Resenrch on the Party School Cadre Education Training Work of Practice and Exploration%高校党校干部教育培训工作的实践与探索研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈婧

    2011-01-01

    The party school as training college the party member the leading cadre,party member,party activists,cultivate the party's theory study,research,propaganda team an important position of the party's basic theory and the party spirit exercise,to ensure that the melting pot of the university of socialist school direction.Facing the cadres and the channel of the independent learns training college party school cadre education,diversity training work faces competition and reform of pressure.%高校党校作为轮训和培训高校党员领导干部、党员、入党积极分子,培养党的理论队伍学习、研究、宣传党的基本理论的重要阵地和党性锻炼的熔炉,有利于确保高校的社会主义办学方向。面对干部的自主选学和培训渠道的多元化,高校党校干部教育培训工作面临着竞争和改革的压力。

  13. Peripheral blood stem cell versus bone marrow transplantation: A perspective from the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrne, Michael; Savani, Bipin N; Mohty, Mohamad; Nagler, Arnon

    2016-07-01

    Over the past decade, transplantation of peripheral blood hematopoietic cells has increased and is now the predominant graft source for related or unrelated adult allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. At the same time, increasing numbers of patients are receiving reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) prior to hematopoietic stem cell infusion. In prior work using smaller patient numbers and limited data, RIC peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) transplantation was shown to be noninferior to RIC bone marrow (BM) transplantation for acute leukemia. A recent, large registry analysis from the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation showed that peripheral blood grafts result in superior outcomes compared with BM after RIC regimens for acute leukemia. The T-cell-replete PBSC allografts are associated with significant graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) benefits that are important drivers of improved leukemia-free survival and overall survival. However, an increased risk of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) after peripheral blood grafts is concerning and long-term follow-up comparing peripheral versus BM grafts after RIC regimens is needed. Further assessment of the long-standing risks should be undertaken in an effort to better understand whether the risk of cGVHD among peripheral blood graft recipients translates into continued GVL effects and long-term remissions and cures or if it results in late morbidity and mortality. PMID:27106798

  14. Party for Freedom

    OpenAIRE

    Ashery, Oreet

    2013-01-01

    Somewhere between a travelling cinema and theatre troupe, a kiss-a-gram and a takeaway delivery service, London-based artist Oreet Ashery’s Party for Freedom was an itinerant work combining live performance with moving-image and an original album soundtrack. An invitation for self-organised gatherings to host and experience the work - anywhere from a sitting room and work place to public spaces and venues - it also appeared at venues across London including Millbank Media Centre at Millba...

  15. 民办高校党务干部队伍状况对党建工作的影响及对策--以广东省S学院为例%Impact of Party Cadres Situation on Party Building Work in Private Colleges and Universities and the Countermeasures:A Case Study of S College in Guangdong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄海燕; 杨国威; 龙宇; 黄金丁

    2015-01-01

    民办高校党务干部队伍作为学校党建工作实施者,其队伍状况在很大程度上将直接影到党建工作质量和水平,进而影响到人才培养质量。目前民办高校党务干部队伍普遍存在队伍结构失衡,党务干部身兼多职,重业务知识学习,轻理论武装,重专业技能培训轻党务能力提升等状况。要改善现状,必须做到:一是加强制度建设,狠抓贯彻落实,争取上层支持;二是加强业务培训,鼓励开展党建工作研究;三是加强党建工作信息化建设,打造符合时代需求的党务干部队伍;四是引进激励措施,提高工作积极性。%Party cadres as the perpetrators of school Party building in private colleges and universities, their team status will directly influence the quality of quality and level of Party building, thereby affecting the quality of personnel training. There are many problems in the Party cadres team in private colleges and universities currently, such as, structural imbalance, multiple roles of Party cadres, paying more attention to business knowledge learning and less to armed theory, more to professional skills training and less to enhancing the ability of Party work. To improve the situation, this paper proposes to: firstly strengthen the system construction, pay close attention to the implementation and get the upper support; secondly strengthen the business training and encourage the research on Party building work;thirdly strengthen the informatization construction of Party building and train the Party cadres who can meet the needs of the times; fourthly introduce incentives and improve motivation.

  16. European Party Loyalties Revisited

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Richardson, B.M.

    1991-01-01

    The likelihood that party loyalties reflect the characteristics of parties and political competition within specific political environments was generally ignored in critiques of party identification abroad. In this article, I identify substantial frequencies of stable partisan ties among British, Du

  17. 发挥毕业生党员优势做好毕业生就业工作%Take the Advantage 0f Graduate Party Member and Do Well Employment Work for Graduates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王利娥

    2011-01-01

    当前,就业问题成为社会热议的焦点,而大学生就业更是关系到学生,学校、家庭和社会的大事.党员大学生作为高校党建工作的中坚力量,其就业工作对高校就业工作具有重要的意义.本丈将从发挥毕业生党员优势的意义;高校毕业生党员的优势;如何发挥毕业生党员的优势,提高就业竞争力,推动高校整体就业等几方面进行探究.%The problem of employment has become a current hot issue, but the employment of college students is a serious matter concerning students, school, family and social direct interests. The college student party members are the hardcore of college party construction works, and the employment has the vital significance to the university employment works. The article examines several aspects, namely the advantage of party members among graduates, developing the significance of advantage on party members among graduates, improving employment competitiveness, driving the overall employment of colleges and universities and how to play the advantage of party members among graduates.

  18. Assessment of Existing Nuclear Data Adjustment Methodologies. A report by the Working Party on International Evaluation Co-operation of the NEA Nuclear Science Committee - Intermediate Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Working Party on Evaluation Co-operation (WPEC) of the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency Nuclear Science Committee has established an International Subgroup (called 'Subgroup 33') on 'Methods and issues for the combined use of integral experiments and covariance data'. In its mandate it is proposed for this WPEC subgroup to study methods and issues of the combined use of integral experiments and covariance data, with the objective of recommending a set of best and consistent practices in order to improve evaluated nuclear data files. Indication should be provided on how to best exploit existing integral experiments, define new ones if needed, provide trends and feedback to nuclear data evaluators and measurers. The first request, which this document is fulfilling, is about a deliverable assessing the methodologies that the different participants to this subgroup employ for adjustment of neutron cross-section data using the observed discrepancies between calculated and measured values of integral experiments. To this purpose the participants have been asked to provide documentation on the adjustment methodologies used. The following organisations have provided the requested documentation : ANL, CEA, INL, IPPS, JAEA, JSI, NRG and ORNL. The different organisations' documentation is provided in Appendices A1 through A8. The rest of this document includes a chapter on the identification of the merits and drawbacks of the existing adjustment methodologies, a chapter on comparison of mathematical formulation and specific features, a chapter on the criteria used for assessing different methodologies and finally some conclusions drawn from the assessment

  19. First-trimester maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein as a marker for fetal chromosomal disorders. Dutch Working Party on Prenatal Diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Lith, J M

    1994-10-01

    We evaluated first-trimester maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (MS-AFP) as a marker for fetal chromosomal disorders. The multicentre study was performed under the auspices of the Dutch Working Party on Prenatal Diagnosis. MS-AFP was measured in 2404 normal pregnancies and 72 chromosomally abnormal pregnancies. The median multiple of the normal median (MOM) in 32 Down's syndrome pregnancies was 0.83 with a 95 per cent confidence interval ranging from 0.60 to 1.04. The difference between the distributions of first-trimester MS-AFP in normal and Down's syndrome pregnancies was statistically significant (t-test: t = 2.34, P MOM = 1.26; seven cases with sex chromosome abnormalities, MOM = 1.07; 22 cases with a chromosomal mosaic pattern in chorionic villi, MOM = 1.08). We conclude that first-trimester MS-AFP can discriminate between normal and Down's syndrome pregnancies, but is not an effective marker. First-trimester MS-AFP has no value as a marker for other fetal chromosomal disorders. PMID:7534926

  20. First-trimester maternal serum human chorionic gonadotrophin as a marker for fetal chromosomal disorders. The Dutch Working Party on Prenatal Diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Lith, J M

    1992-06-01

    The Dutch Working Party on Prenatal Diagnosis has initiated a study on the possibilities of first-trimester screening for fetal chromosomal disorders. We report on maternal serum human chorionic gonadotrophin (MS-hCG) measurements in 1348 pregnancies with a chromosomally normal fetus and 53 pregnancies with a chromosomally abnormal fetus. The median MS-hCG concentration in 24 pregnancies with Down's syndrome was 1.19 multiples of the normal median (MoM). The MS-hCG distributions in normal and Down's syndrome pregnancies did not differ significantly (t-test: t = 1.945, p greater than 0.05). We also found no difference between normal pregnancies and pregnancies with other chromosomal disorders (six cases of trisomy 18, MoM = 0.80; four cases of sex chromosome abnormality, MoM = 1.01; 17 cases of chromosomal mosaicism in chorionic villi, MoM = 1.11). Selecting an upper limit at the 90th centile could detect 25 per cent of pregnancies with Down's syndrome. We conclude that, in the first trimester, MS-hCG as a screening factor for Down's syndrome is of minor value. However, MS-hCG could be a useful factor in a first-trimester screening programme based on a combination of markers. PMID:1387477

  1. What do Parties Want?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Helene Helboe

    2012-01-01

    What parties want – policy, office or votes - is important to how they represent their voters, how they make strategic decisions and how they respond to external changes in society. What parties strive to accomplish is simply important to what they do. Moreover, our knowledge of what parties want...... goals do indeed diverge. Moreover, the article demonstrates that party goals are influenced by party specific factors such as party size, policy position and intra-party politics. Consequently, the article suggests that intra-party politics should be included more systematically in future studies of...

  2. Your Golden Jubilee Party!

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    http://www.cern.ch/cern50/ All staff are invited to the Golden Jubilee Staff Party on the evening of 17 September. To mark CERN's 50th anniversary, the Director-General would like to invite all the people working at CERN to celebrate the success of the organization. Your Golden Jubilee Party Friday 17 September 2004 at 16:00 Restaurant 1, Main Building Programme Speech by Director-General Toast in honour of CERN Cocktails and ambient music Video projections of five decades of CERN and at 18:00 ... A surprise music show. Your effort, hard work and enthusiasm have been the key to CERN's success. The first of the main events celebrating the organization's Golden Jubilee is for you, so come along and celebrate! Early closure of Restaurant No. 1 (bldg. 501, Meyrin site): Friday 17 September at 2:00 p.m. On Friday, 17 September, Restaurant No. 1 (NOVAE) will close at 2:00 p.m. owing to the Golden Jubilee party for the CERN staff. No dinner will be served that evening.

  3. Your Golden Jubilee Party!

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    http://www.cern.ch/cern50/All staff are invited to the Golden Jubilee Staff Party on the evening of 17 September. To mark CERN's 50th anniversary, the Director-General would like to invite all the people working at CERN to celebrate the success of the organization. The party will be held in the cafeteria and on the terrace (if the weather permits) of the Main Building on 17 September at 4:00 pm. The event will include an address by the DG, music, film clips, drinks, snacks and a surprise music show by the CERN Big Bang Orchestra! Your effort, hard work and enthusiasm have been the key to CERN's success. The first of the main events celebrating the organization's Golden Jubilee is for you, so come along and celebrate! Early closure of Restaurant No. 1 (Bldg. 501, Meyrin site): Friday 17 September at 2:00 p.m. On Friday, 17 September, Restaurant No. 1 (NOVAE) will close at 2:00 p.m. owing to the Golden Jubilee party for the CERN staff. No dinner will be served that evening.

  4. Multi-party Quantum Computation

    CERN Document Server

    Smith, A

    2001-01-01

    We investigate definitions of and protocols for multi-party quantum computing in the scenario where the secret data are quantum systems. We work in the quantum information-theoretic model, where no assumptions are made on the computational power of the adversary. For the slightly weaker task of verifiable quantum secret sharing, we give a protocol which tolerates any t < n/4 cheating parties (out of n). This is shown to be optimal. We use this new tool to establish that any multi-party quantum computation can be securely performed as long as the number of dishonest players is less than n/6.

  5. Danish Party Membership

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kosiara-Pedersen, Karina

    participation. Instead, membership figures at party level as well as the participation of party members need to be taken into account in order to assess parties as channels of participation. This is supported by the analyses reported here which show that even though membership figures are declining, parties...... is to report on the state of Danish party membership; the numbers and participation. The claim of the article is that total membership figures hide evidence of membership renewal and increases, and that mere party membership figures are insufficient when evaluating political parties as channels of...... still attract new members, that party membership figures are not declining in all parties, and that party members vary in their participation in a wide variety of party activities, such as traditional campaigning activities, political discussions and financial contributions. Hence, this article...

  6. Quality assurance in radiotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Good radiotherapy results and safety of treatment require the radiation to be optimally applied to a specified target area and the correct dose. According to international recommendations, the average uncertainty in therapeutic dose should not exceed 5%. The need for high precision in therapeutic dose requires quality assurance covering the entire radiotherapy process. Besides the physical and technical characteristics of the therapy equipment, quality assurance must include all radiotherapy equipment and procedures that are significant for the correct magnitude and precision of application of the therapeutic dose. The duties and responsibilities pertaining to various stages of treatment must also be precisely defined. These requirements may be best implemented through a quality system. The general requirements for supervision and quality assurance of medical radiation apparatus are prescribed in section 40 of the Radiation Act (592/1991, amendment 1142/1998) and in sections 18 and 32 of the Decree of the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health on the medical use of radiation (423/2000). Guide ST 2.2 imposes requirements on structural radiation shielding of radiotherapy equipment and the premises in which it is used, and on warning and safety arrangements. Guide ST 1.1 sets out the general safety principles for radiation practices and regulatory control procedure for the use of radiation. Guide ST 1.6 provides general requirements for operational measures in the use of radiation. This Guide sets out the duties of responsible parties (the party running a radiation practice) in respect of arranging and maintaining radiotherapy quality assurance. The principles set out in this Guide and Guide ST 6.3 may be applied to radionuclide therapy

  7. 大兴学习之风做好高校党校工作%Blowing the wind of learning and do a good job in the work of the Party School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾芳

    2013-01-01

    在全党内大兴学习之风,基础是搞好党员教育,党校做为党员接受教育的重要基地,抓好其建设是必须首先解决的问题。做好高校党校工作首要前提是抓好党校定位、认清学校作用;重要基础是深化党校改革,提高教育质量;根本保障是要强化领导,加大经费投入;重要途径是要健全制度,加强机构管理。%Blowing the wind of learning in the Communist Party, the education of Party members is the base. College Party school work in the new period needs not only previous successful experiences, but also new development and innovation. To do well in College Party school, we should aim at the following four aspects:the first premise is party school location;the important elementary is deepening the school reform and improving education quality;the fundamental guarantee is strengthening leadership and increasing the input of funds;the important way is perfecting the system and strengthening the mechanism of management.

  8. Meeting Nuclear Data Needs for Advanced Reactor System. A report by the Working Party on International Evaluation Cooperation of the NEA Nuclear Science Committee

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation (WPEC) was established under the aegis of the OECD/NEA Nuclear Science Committee (NSC) to promote the exchange of information on nuclear data evaluations, validation and related topics. Its aim is also to provide a framework for co-operative activities between the members of the major nuclear data evaluation projects. This includes the possible exchange of scientists in order to encourage co-operation. Requirements for experimental data resulting from this activity are compiled. The WPEC determines common criteria for evaluated nuclear data files with a view to assessing and improving the quality and completeness of evaluated data. The parties to the project are: ENDF (United States), JEFF/EFF (NEA Data Bank member countries) and JENDL (Japan). Co-operation with evaluation projects of non-OECD countries, specifically the Russian BROND and Chinese CENDL projects, are organized through the Nuclear Data Section of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). This report was issued by WPEC Subgroup 31, whose mission was to utilize the collective knowledge of the international nuclear data measurement community to consider the appropriate resources to address and meet the data needs quantified by WPEC Subgroup 26 for Advanced Reactor Systems. Members of Subgroup 31 performed reviews of uncertainty evaluations by evaluators, of state-of-art experimental techniques, of current experimental situations, and summarized an appropriate path to meet the requirements. To meet the requirement of accurate nuclear data for developing advanced nuclear systems, pertinent efforts of experiments and evaluations are still required and indispensable. As described in Chapter 3, there are striking technical advancements in nuclear data measurement methods. For example, high-intensity-pulsed neutrons generated by spallation reaction at CERN in Europe, LANCE in USA, and J-PARC in Japan become available to obtain high

  9. 新司法改革背景下党领导司法的进阶%The Advancement of the Party's Leadership in Judicial Work under the Background of New Judicial Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨武松

    2015-01-01

    从中国的宪制结构和国家治理的现实情态看,坚持和加强党的领导是新一轮司法改革必须坚持的根本原则.但是,从司法实践看,新一轮司法改革必将对党领导司法的方式形成冲击,倒逼中国共产党从理念认知到领导方式等方面重新诠释党领导司法的意涵,从党领导司法的权力来源、范畴、方式以及革新政法委工作职能等方面,推动党领导司法机制的进阶.%From the perspective of practical modality of Chinese constitutional structure and governance of the country, to adhere to and strengthen the leadership of the party is the fundamental principle of the new round of judicial reform. But in the judicial practice, a new round of judicial reform is bound to form the impact to the leadership of the Party in the judicial. It forced the Communist Party of China reinterpreted the meaning of the Party's leadership in the judicial from the aspect of cognition to the style of leadership. To promote the advancement of judicial mechanism under the leadership of the party from the power source, category, mode of the Party's leadership in the judicial and work function of the reform in Politics and Law Committee.

  10. Quality Assurance program plan - plutonium stabilization and handling project W-460

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) identifies Project Quality Assurance (QA) program requirements for all parties participating in the design, procurement, demolition, construction, installation, inspection and testing for Project W-460

  11. Measurement quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The quality of a radiation protection program can be no better than the quality of the measurements made to support it. In many cases, that quality is unknown and is merely implied on the basis of a calibration of a measuring instrument. If that calibration is inappropriate or is performed improperly, the measurement result will be inaccurate and misleading. Assurance of measurement quality can be achieved if appropriate procedures are followed, including periodic quality control actions that demonstrate adequate performance. Several national measurement quality assurance (MQA) programs are operational or under development in specific areas. They employ secondary standards laboratories that provide a high-quality link between the National Bureau of Standards and measurements made at the field use level. The procedures followed by these secondary laboratories to achieve MQA will be described, as well as plans for similar future programs. A growing general national interest in quality assurance, combined with strong specific motivations for MQA in the area of ionizing radiation, will provide continued demand for appropriate national programs. Such programs must, however, employ procedures that are cost effective and must be developed with participation by all affected parties

  12. Flow assurance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mullins, O.C.; Dong, C. [Schlumberger-Doll Research Center, Cambridge, MA (United States); Elshahawi, H. [Shell Exploration and Production Company, The Hague (Netherlands)

    2008-07-01

    This study emphasized the need for considering flow assurance for producing oil and gas, particularly in high cost areas such as deepwater. Phase behaviour studies, sticking propensities, and interfacial interactions have been investigated in many laboratory studies using asphaltenes, wax, hydrates, organic and inorganic scale, and even diamondoids. However, the spatial variation of reservoir fluids has received little attention, despite the fact that it is one of the most important factors affecting flow assurance. This issue was difficult to address in a systematic way in the past because of cost constraints. Today, reservoir fluid variation and flow assurance can be considered at the outset of a project given the technological advances in downhole fluid analysis. This study described the origins of reservoir fluid compositional variations and the controversies surrounding them. It also described the indispensable chemical analytical technology. The impact of these reservoir fluid compositional variations on flow assurance considerations was also discussed. A methodology that accounts for these variations at the outset in flow assurance evaluation was also presented.

  13. 高职学生党建工作中的“鞭子效应”及规避策略%"Whip Effect" and the Avoidance Strategy in Vocational Students' Party-building Work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈慧

    2011-01-01

    Apply the "whip effect" to vocational students' work of party building, analyzed the negative impact caused by them, thinks that should take positive measures to strengthen the system, the formation and development, education, management and supervision of long-term mechanisms to overcome students' problems in party-building work.%将“鞭子效应”运用到高职学生党建工作中,分析了由其所引起的负面影响,认为应当采取积极的措施来加强制度建设,形成发展、教育、管理、监督的长效机制,克服学生党建工作方面存在的问题。

  14. Quality assurance in civil works for nuclear power plants - status report on behalf of the Federal Minister of the Interior

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes the development and legal foundations; it also refers to the principles, organization, and responsibilities. The typical procedure of internal- and external control in construction applied to design and execution of safety related structures of NPP is explained. Construction and corresponding QA measures are shown for 5 work sections of the containment of NPP Grohnde. The final evaluation demonstrates that satisfactory QA is achieved by application of the regular QA practice used in German Civil Works. (orig.)

  15. Do Parties Matter?

    OpenAIRE

    Sinclair, Barbara

    1998-01-01

    Do parties matters? Congressional scholars have for decades assumed they do; they have written about Congress as if parties are important and have provided what they believed was ample evidence that parties affect how Congress operates and, to varying extents, influence the substance of the legislation produced. Yet a number of prominent political scientists have contested what seemed obvious. My purpose here is to critically assess the argument that parties do not matter, suggest an alternat...

  16. The quality assurance liaison: Combined technical and quality assurance support

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes the role of the quality assurance liaison, the responsibilities of this position, and the evolutionary changes in duties over the last six years. The role of the quality assurance liaison has had a very positive impact on the Los Alamos Yucca Mountain Site Characterization (YW) quality assurance program. Having both technical and quality assurance expertise, the quality assurance liaisons are able to facilitate communications with scientists on quality assurance issues and requirements, thereby generating greater productivity in scientific investigations. The quality assurance liaisons help ensure that the scientific community knows and implements existing requirements, is aware of new or changing regulations, and is able to conduct scientific work within Project requirements. The influence of the role of the quality assurance liaison can be measured by an overall improvement in attitude of the staff regarding quality assurance requirements and improved job performance, as well as a decrease in deficiencies identified during both internal and external audits and surveillances. This has resulted in a more effective implementation of quality assurance requirements

  17. The quality assurance liaison: Combined technical and quality assurance support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolivar, S. L.; Day, J. L.

    1993-03-01

    The role of the quality assurance liaison, the responsibilities of this position, and the evolutionary changes in duties over the last six years are described. The role of the quality assurance liaison has had a very positive impact on the Los Alamos Yucca Mountain Site Characterization (YW) quality assurance program. Having both technical and quality assurance expertise, the quality assurance liaisons are able to facilitate communications with scientists on quality assurance issues and requirements, thereby generating greater productivity in scientific investigations. The quality assurance liaisons help ensure that the scientific community knows and implements existing requirements, is aware of new or changing regulations, and is able to conduct scientific work within Project requirements. The influence of the role of the quality assurance liaison can be measured by an overall improvement in attitude of the staff regarding quality assurance requirements and improved job performance, as well as a decrease in deficiencies identified during both internal and external audits and surveillances. This has resulted in a more effective implementation of quality assurance requirements.

  18. Quality assuring measures for pressure vessels - system approaches, certification, accreditation, surveillance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Quality assurance measures for pressure vessels in accordance with German codes and standards and with the participation of manufacturers, plant operators and third party inspection agencies represent a high standard in terms of engineering, safety and availability. Technical competence and the autonomous action of German industry in the field of quality assurance set internationally recognized safety standards. The continuous exchange of experience through the active involvement of manufacturers, plant operators and third party inspection agencies in work establishing codes and standards and in th updating of the state of the art give the German system a control loop and feedback function (Technical Committees on Pressure Vessels). Within the framework of European harmonization it is a German concern that technical competence and expertise are not lost in a formally legal, bureaucratic certification procedure. In the course of the European harmonization process, the dual German QA concept should maintain its position by utilizing the specialist knowledge and competence of experts, and permit appropriate adaptation. (orig.)

  19. Innovation and Practice of Private College Party Building Work in the Information Age%信息化时代民办高校党建工作的创新与探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈殿藩; 魏波; 任登峰

    2014-01-01

    步入21世纪以来,网络及新媒体发展迅速。网络化、信息化对经济建设社会发展带来了巨大的影响,形形色色的信息冲击使大学生思想步入一个崭新的高度,使大学生的人生观、世界观产生较大变化。然而,网络是一把双刃剑,既为高校党建带来更大的创新性平台,为党建工作发展提供良好的途径;又对民办高校大学生的思想带来更多的冲击与腐蚀,使高校党建工作面临新的挑战。因而,民办高校党建工作的创新具有现实紧迫性。本文将从网络化、信息化对高校党建的影响进行探索,以期得出更好的推动高校党建的方法。%Entering into the 21st century, the rapid development of Internet and new media. Network, information on economic con-struction and social development has brought great impact to make all kinds of information on the impact of ideological entered a new height, so that the formation of a larger college life worldview changes. However, the network is a double-edged sword, both to bring greater innovation platform for the Party in college, for the work of party building development provides a good way;has thought of Private University Students bring more impact and corrosion, so that universities Party building work is facing new challenges. Thus, the work of party building innovative private colleges has practical urgency. This article explores from the Internet, information on the impact Party in college, in order to draw a better way to promote Party building in universities.

  20. Audit Cultures and Quality Assurance Mechanisms in England: A Study of Their Perceived Impact on the Work of Academics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Ming

    2010-01-01

    Proponents of the concept of the audit culture in UK higher education argue that from the late 1990s onward audit functioned as a form of power control and had a profound effect on academics and their work. Such arguments continued to be made into the early 2000s. Since then, however, the level of external scrutiny surrounding UK academics'…

  1. Nuclear third party liability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are three existing instruments in the international regime governing liability for nuclear damage. The Paris Convention on Third Party Liability in the field of Nuclear Energy (the Paris Convention) first laid down the principles for third party liability and insurance in 1960 within the framework of the OECD. Later reinforcement of the Paris Convention was provided by the Brussels Supplementary Convention on compensation and both conventions have undergone subsequent amendment. In 1963 the Vienna Convention on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage (Vienna Convention) was established by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). A Joint Protocol adopted in 1988 resolved problems that had arisen over possible conflicts between the provisions of the Paris and Vienna Conventions. The Conventions are based on civil law and share two main factors: the strict and exclusive liability of the nuclear installation operator irrespective of negligence and clear limitations on financial liability. Currently a revision of the Vienna convention and work on the elaboration of a supplementary funding convention are being conducted under the auspices of the IAEA. Many states have come to realize the advantages of participation in the Conventions though there are still a number with substantial nuclear programmes who have neither signed nor ratified them. A list is given of participating states. (UK)

  2. Quality assurance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gillespie, B.M.; Gleckler, B.P.

    1995-06-01

    This section of the 1994 Hanford Site Environmental Report summarizes the quality assurance and quality control practices of Hanford Site environmental monitoring and surveillance programs. Samples are analyzed according to documented standard analytical procedures. This section discusses specific measures taken to ensure quality in project management, sample collection, and analytical results.

  3. An approach to total quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Total Quality Assurance must be based on amalgamating three quality functions: effective quality control, competent inspection, and regularly audited Quality Assurance programmes. In applying these functions the fuel supplier must regard each of his sub-contractors as part of his own works and ensure a common policy of motivated Quality Assurance throughout his own works and those of his suppliers. (author)

  4. 不断完善“减副”后的县级党委工作运行机制%Continuous Improvement“Minus Deputy” After the County Party Committee Working Mechanism Thinking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张富田; 杨晓明

    2013-01-01

    地方党委领导班子配备改革后,新的领导体制在工作运行中取得了明显成效,同时也面临着一系列新情况新问题。对于县级党委来讲,在后续的改革中要不断完善“减副”后的党委工作运行机制,应着力从科学界定职责分工、探索规范运行机制、努力改进领导方式、全面提升能力素质几个层面继续作出探索和努力。%With local party leadership after the reform, the new leadership system running at work and achieved remarkable results, while also facing a series of new situations and new problems. For the county party committee is concerned, in the subsequent reforms, we will continue to improve“minus deputy” after the party working mechanism, should focus on the division of responsibilities from the scientific definition, exploring standardized operation mechanism, strive to improve their leadership style, comprehensively enhance the ability and quality of several level, and efforts continue to be made to explore.

  5. Party member recruitment and the representativeness of party membership

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kosiara-Pedersen, Karina

    Party membership figures are in decline. However, parties are still recruiting party members. Are there any differences in the social and political characteristics of old and new party members? If there is a difference, are new party members more or less representative for party voters than old...

  6. Long-term management of radioactive waste - will the Price-Anderson system work for third party liability issues arising from the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two pieces of legislation have been enacted in the United States to provide a framework for the management of radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel: the Low-level Radioactive Waste Policy Act (1980) and the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982. Neither of these statutes provide a means for resolving third party liability issues arising out of radioactive waste management. However, the Price Anderson Act (originally enacted in 1957) provides a system of financial protection that can be applied to waste management activities and that can resolve most issues pertaining to liability for nuclear damage that may result from long-term management of radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel. (NEA)

  7. Estonian Political Parties in the mid-2010s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lanko D.

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The article provides an analysis of political party system of the Republic of Estonia in the mid-2010s. The analysis is based on the works of Moris Duverger. As one might expect, the establishment of proportionate electoral system in Estonia has resulted in the formation of a multi-party system, in which no single party dominates in the parliament even in a short run. The article demonstrates that though Estonian political party system develops in line with the tendencies typical to political party systems of most European countries, some of its elements are more common to postcommunist countries. It indicates that the political party system in Estonia has stabilized throughout the past decade. Today, five sixths of voters support one of the four main political parties. A minority of voters does not consider any of the four dominant parties as a representative of their interests; thus, they vote for parties that had not been previously represented in the parliament. This allowed for two minor political parties to pass into the parliament at 2015 elections: the Estonian Conservative People’s Party, and Free Party. In the long run the minor parties will be able to keep parliamentary seats depending on their ability to build coalitions, either with the three governing parties — Reform Party, Pro Patria and Republic Union, and Social-Democratic Party, or with opposition Centre Party. The article considers the impact of the split in the Estonian society between ethnic Estonians and Russophonic people on political party system. It demonstrates that the majority of Russophonic voters in Estonia support the Centre Party, every major political party in the country has its Russophonic voters, while Estonian United Left Party, which promotes itself as a particular representative of the country’s Russophonic minority, remains a marginal political force.

  8. Quality assurance for HTR fuels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Quality Assurance (QA) for a nuclear fuel is no different from that for any other complex manufacturing process and product. However, such fuel cannot be functionally tested before use even though the consequences of a failure - e.g. lack of electricity production - are particularly costly. Risk assessment may be used to define the confidence level required and this will normally imply a ''three-legged stool'' approach to QA, the three equally vital supporting areas being validated manufacture, Quality Control and Quality Audit. In HTR fuel, primary fission product containment is achieved on a microscale by the use of carbon and silicon carbide coating barriers, pyrolytically deposited on actinide materials in the form of small spherical kernels. The coated particles are dispersed in a graphite matrix and used either as spherical balls in a pebble-bed reactor or carried as cylindrical fuel bodies in hexagonal fuel elements of a prismatic HTR. This paper reviews the QA information which has been published for HTR fuels. Over the last four years the subject has benefited from the Dragon Project having organized an international working party for discussion of QA for HTR fuels. It is important to form strong linkages at the outset between Design, Manufacture, Quality and Performance to establish the specification. The specification, derived from two main types of requirement, functional and safety, is the result of an iterative process working back from the final product aided by a Quality Factor classification. For each manufacturing step along this chain a series of input-output relationships is defined, and it is shown, with examples, how Quality Control is applied throughout as a mixture of input, in-process and output controls. The emphasis is on the primary importance of getting the product right first time. It is concluded that general experience with HTR fuel is good and the next phase of work must be mainly concerned with large-scale validation under non

  9. Quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Quality checks are essential to assure production of high quality plants and to have end-users confidence. Quality standards require the establishment of suitable tests to maintain quality control. The choice of explant source, freedom of the donor plant from viruses, disease causing fungi, bacteria, viroids, phytoplasmas, vigour and conformity of the variety, and elimination of somaclonal variants are critical for maintaining plant quality. Variety identification by proper labeling at all stages is essential to ensure varietal identity. (author)

  10. CONSIDERATIONS ON POLITICAL PARTIES

    OpenAIRE

    Erhard NICULESCU

    2015-01-01

    Political parties are the engine of social life, without which citizens would not be able to express political will. According to the law of political parties, they fulfill a public mission guaranteed by the Constitution. That is why, considering the subject very current, we considered it important to analyze in this study, in the notion of political pluralism: the concept of political party but also its constitutional dimension. To this end, the study shows the view of the doctrine combined ...

  11. Quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This compendium intends to give fast bibliographic information and to fill the visible gap between documentation and general bibliographic information. The reader is given an outline of quality assurance and some examples of techniques from the relevant literature. The practical engineer, who is always short of time, is thus offered a quick survey and a fast deepening of his understanding by means of literature dealing specifically with his unresolved problems. The mansucript has been kept in tis original form in order to speed up tis publication. The RKW technical department limited itself to checking its contents and the adherence to the established information goals. (orig.) 891 RW/orig. 892 MB

  12. 试析《党政机关公文处理条例》的特点%Analysis of the New Attributes of Regulations on the Work of the Party and Government Organizations Handling Official Documents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王茜

    2012-01-01

    General Office of the CPC Central Committee and General Office of the State Council issued an article titled Regulations on the Work of the Party and Government Organs Handling Official Documents on April 16th, 2012. The article standardized and unified the official documents handling in the Party and Government Organs, and efficiently solved the Five Discrepancies problems in the old regulations and methods. Besides, the article demonstrated six attributes, namely generality, scientificness, strictness, practicability, simplicity and mildness. This thesis analyzes the above attributes of the new regulations, and raises several jobs to be done after the im- plementation of the new regulations, with the hope that it would play some positive parts in the work of official documents processing and standardization.%2012年4月16日,中共中央办公厅、国务院办公厅共同颁布了《党政机关公文处理条例》,对党政机关的公文处理工作进行了规范和统一。新条例有效解决了旧条例、旧办法中“五不一致”的问题,呈现出通用性、科学性、严谨性、实用性、简洁性、平和性等特点。

  13. Thinking about the work mode of the Geology Class Students Party Building in the new Period%新时期地质类大学生党建工作模式思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于晓舟; 杨剩富

    2012-01-01

    Face higher requirements of the new era of higher geological education, the geology class students thought the quality of construction has entered a new stage. Characteristics of students in the analysis of geological class students, training requirements and the basis of the employment trend, combined where universities successful practice in the current work of party building practice, and actively explore new ideas and new ways of Student Party work.%新时期高等地质教育面临更高的要求,地质类学生的思想素质建设进入了新的阶段。本文在分析地质类大学生的生源特点、培养要求和就业走向的基础上,结合所在高校当前党建工作实践中一些成功的做法,积极探索学生党建工作的新思路和新方法。

  14. CONSIDERATIONS ON POLITICAL PARTIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erhard NICULESCU

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Political parties are the engine of social life, without which citizens would not be able to express political will. According to the law of political parties, they fulfill a public mission guaranteed by the Constitution. That is why, considering the subject very current, we considered it important to analyze in this study, in the notion of political pluralism: the concept of political party but also its constitutional dimension. To this end, the study shows the view of the doctrine combined with the jurisprudence of the Constitutional Court.

  15. CONSIDERATIONS ON POLITICAL PARTIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erhard NICULESCU

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Political parties are the engine of social life, without which citizens would not be able to express political will. According to the law of political parties, they fulfill a public mission guaranteed by the Constitution. That is why, considering the subject very current, we considered it important to analyze in this study, in the notion of political pluralism: the concept of political party but also its constitutional dimension. To this end, the study shows the view of the doctrine combined with the jurisprudence of the Constitutional Court.

  16. Party brands and voting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Sigge Winther; Larsen, Martin Vinæs

    2014-01-01

    Some scholars argue that Western societies have seen a decreasing impact of voting behavior based on cleavages and party identifications. Equally, issue ownership voting is seemingly not increasing its relevance by filling this gap. From this departure we seek out an alternative variable by posing...... the question: Do party brands influence voting behavior? Currently, we do not know because the two research fields of voting behavior and party brands are currently not explicitly linked. Traditionally, the study of voting behavior has gained powerful insights from concepts such as cleavage structure...

  17. DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL PARTIES AND PARTY FUNDING: MODELS AND CHARACTERISTICS

    OpenAIRE

    Hrvoje MATAKOVIC; Irena CAJNER MRAOVIC

    2015-01-01

    The first modern political parties were formed at the end of the 18th century and have, from those times up to now, undergone 4 developing phases; each of the phases is bound to ideal-type political party model: cadre parties, mass parties, catch-all parties and cartel parties. Each of these party models differentiates in various characteristics: party foundation, number of members, and way of leading the election campaigns, but also in ways of financing. This paper describes the above mentio...

  18. Quality assurance during site construction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During the time of planing and construction of a nuclear power plant, the following proceeding is approved: - the deliverer of a nuclear power plant provides the reports fixing the quality assurance program, it means that he is responsible to write the safety analysis report, the specifications for the erection of the components, the working manuals and specifications for testing (eg nondestr. testing) - the manufacturing of components or systems will be controlled by an own independent quality assurance group, provided that this group was checked by the quality assurance group of the applicant - the TUeV with its independent assessors will fix the requirements relating to quality assurance in its assessment. On this basis the examination of the applicants specifications, working manuals, testing specifications will be done. The efficiency of quality assurance at the manufacturer and at the applicant will be checked by the TUeV specialists by considering specifications of modifications, repairs or tolerances. A mean point of the quality assurance in Germany is the dynamic adjustment, of an action on the latest state of engineering or science. If there exists a change of rules or guidelines, the quality assurance requirements have to be fit on this state in so far as it is feasible from the technical point of view. (orig./RW)

  19. Statement of Work Third Party Algorithm Development and Evaluation of Detection of Liquid Explosives in Dual-Energy Digital Radiographic/TIP Ready X-ray Images - Public Version

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nekoogar, F; Martz, Jr., H E

    2009-09-23

    The purpose of this statement of work is for third party collaborators to train, validate and have Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC (LLNS) evaluate algorithms to detect liquid threats in digital radiography (DR)/TIP Ready X-ray (TRX) images that will be provided by LLNS through the Transportation and Security Administration (TSA). LLNS will provide a set of images with threat(s) to determine detection rates and non-threat images from airports to determine false alarm rates. A key including a bounding box showing the locations of the threats and non-threats will be provided for the images. It is expected that the Subcontractor shall use half of the images with their keys for training the algorithms and the other half shall be used for validation (third party evaluation) purposes. The Subcontractor shall not use the key to the second half of the data other than for the validation and reporting of the performance of its algorithm (not for training). The Subcontractor has 45 business days from the receipt of datasets and the Subcontract to: (1) Run their detection/classification algorithms on the data; (2) Deliver a final report describing their performance by generating Receiver Operator Characteristic (ROC) curves using their algorithm; and (3) Deliver a copy of the third party's executable software (already trained and validated by the datasets) to LLNL accompanied by a user manual. LLNS will evaluate the performance of the same algorithm on another separate set of data. LLNS evaluation of the Subcontractor's algorithm will be documented in a final report within 30 days of receiving the executable code. This report will be sent to TSA and the report may be disseminated to the Subcontract at TSA's discretion.

  20. Guidelines for the introduction of a quality assurance programme in a diagnostic imaging department

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiographers, whether they practice in the National Health Service (NHS) or other health care systems, always strive to deliver a high quality service for their patients. The profession and its members work hard to maintain and improve standards of patient care and technical accuracy. Why then does the College of Radiographers feel it necessary to publish Quality Assurance Guidelines? The answer lies in the greater awareness that the best possible service provision requires every part of the whole service to be performing as well as it possibly can. To be sure these individual parts are achieving this goal requires that we set standards for them and monitor and reassess them regularly. The quality of an individual's or a system's performance cannot be defined in absolute terms, although this is how many people would see it. There are too many variables, some of which cannot be controlled. Instead, we must define quality as the ability to perform the required task to set standards, given the prevailing conditions and existing resources. In radiography we can assure quality by being sure that those factors over which we have control are optimised. The College of Radiographers Working Party on Quality Assurance was formed in response to members' concerns about the requirements of professionalism and legislation with regard to quality assurance. Members were confused by the approach to quality management issues, standard setting, monitoring, evaluation and the required record keeping. Work began on a comprehensive publication centred on the quality assurance of radiographic processes. However, the College felt there was danger in following a well trodden path, particularly as the passing months saw the release of a series of related publications from various sources pre-emptying the efforts of the Working Party. Ultimately, the original remit was considered to hold greater promise - a set of guidelines for the quality management of the whole of our service delivery

  1. Party Formation and Racism

    OpenAIRE

    Anesi, Vincent; De Donder, Philippe

    2007-01-01

    We develop a model where voters differ in their exogenous income and in their ideological views regarding what we call 'racism'. Electoral competition, modelled à la Levy (2004), takes place between (one or several) parties which propose platforms consisting of both an ideological and an economic dimension. Our objective is to explain the emergence of racist policies when a majority of voters is not racist, and to understand the role played by political parties in this emergence. We first sho...

  2. Considerations of the Respective Parties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Yang: There has appeared a tendency of "Peaceful resolution" and "multilateral cooperation" in the process of resolving the Korean nuclear issue. By the way, with regard to topic of our present discussion, I think that "multilateralism" is more proper than "regionalism. " Multilateralism usually means, "several countries (at least three countries) work out common rules of behavior in order to jointly resolve international issues" through long cooperation and in institutional patterns. Its concept is not in contradiction with regionalism. Instead of taking geographic factors and scale as standards, it considers the number of participating countries, their interactive pattern and process as the center.Northeast Asian security can't excludes the participation of USA-the only outside party. Although Mongolia, the only Northern Asian country, is most close to Northeast Asia, it has not been included in the framework of the Six-Party talks so far.

  3. Quality assurance services

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For over 20 years the quality assurance services at the Springfields Laboratories have been concerned with manufacturing both simple and complex engineering products to the highest standard. The scientists working there have considerable expertise in the practical application of quality control and the development and design of inspection and non-destructive testing equipment. The folder contains six sheets or leaflets illustrating the work and equipment. The subjects are the mechanical standards laboratory, non-destructive testing, the digitising table, the peripheral camera, automated measurement, data handling and presentation, and the computer controlled three axis co-ordinate measuring machine. (U.K.)

  4. Towards global political parties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heikki Patomäki

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available While the transnational public sphere has existed in the Arendtian sense at least since the mid-19th century, a new kind of reflexively political global civil society emerged in the late 20th century. However, non-governmental organisations (NGOs, advocacy groups, and networks have limited agendas and legitimacy and, without the support of at least one state, limited means to realise changes. Since 2001, the World Social Forum (WSF has formed a key attempt in forging links and ties of solidarity among diverse actors. Although the WSF may seem a party of opinion when defined negatively against neoliberal globalisation, imperialism, and violence, in more positive ideological terms it remains a rather incoherent collection of diverse actors; while itself defined as a mere open space. There is a quest for new forms of agency such as a world political party. Various historical predecessors of global political parties, real and imagined, provide conceptual resources, useful experiences for envisaging the structure, and function of a possible planetary party-formation. H.G. Wells's ‘open conspiracy’ is a particularly important future-oriented left-democratic vision. Wells believed that only a mass movement of truly committed individuals and groups could have the power to transform the world political organisation, by creating a democratic world commonwealth. Recently, for instance, Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri have formulated similar ideas. I argue that transformative political agency presupposes a shared programme, based on common elements of a wider and deeper world-view, and willingness to engage in processes of collective will-formation in terms of democratic procedures. From this perspective, I outline a possible organisation and some substantial directions for a global political party.. The point is also to respond to the criticism of existing parties and cultivate the critical-pluralist ethos of global civil society, but in terms of

  5. DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL PARTIES AND PARTY FUNDING: MODELS AND CHARACTERISTICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hrvoje MATAKOVIC

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The first modern political parties were formed at the end of the 18th century and have, from those times up to now, undergone 4 developing phases; each of the phases is bound to ideal-type political party model: cadre parties, mass parties, catch-all parties and cartel parties. Each of these party models differentiates in various characteristics: party foundation, number of members, and way of leading the election campaigns, but also in ways of financing. This paper describes the above mentioned 4 phases of political parties’ development and 4 phases of parties' finances development; it will be analysed in detail positive and negative sides of each of the models of party financing.

  6. 略论互联网对高校党建工作的影响及对策%The Impact of Internet on the Party Construction Work in Universities and some Strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高伟; 陈明华

    2012-01-01

    分析了互联网对高校党建工作带来的挑战和影响,提出利用网络开展高校党建工作,成为当前高校党建工作的一个重要途径。互联网时代高校党建工作必须紧紧围绕培养德智体美全面发展的社会主义建设者和接班人这一中心任务,充分发掘和利用网络的积极作用,不断创新党建工作形式,从而真正提高党建工作的实效性。%This paper analyzes the challenges brought by internet and its impact on the Party construction work in universities,and suggests that internet should be regarded as an important approach to the present construction work.It is stated the work should orient on the cultivation of socialist builders and successors featuring an all-round development in morality,intelligence,physique and art,make the most of the positive functions of internet,and keep on innovating the construction work methods in order to truly improve the effectiveness of the work.

  7. Third party processing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The importance of Canada's natural gas industry to remain competitive on a global level was discussed. Third party processing is a tool that the Canadian gas industry can use to overcome the relative disadvantage of smaller, and therefore more expensive, gas processing plants in Canada, and to maintain, and even improve, its competitive position vis-a-vis its US counterparts. The principal role of a third party processor is to provide midstream services such as raw gas gathering, field compression, gas processing, sales gas transmission, and natural gas liquids fractionation. Some third party processors also provide marketing services. Third party processors add value to the gas producer by reducing risk, reducing cost, improving reliability, and improving netbacks. The many variables involved in determining the economic viability of third party processing, including the quantity and deliverability of the raw resource, facility capacity, capital investment, operating costs, technology, fee structures, operational reliability, and speed, among others, were examined and the significance of each variable was explained

  8. 在党建工作中有效树立高职生的共产主义人生观%Foster Higher Vocational Students’Communist Outlook on Life Effectively in Party Construction Works

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢雅楠; 魏银霞

    2014-01-01

    Communism philosophy is a deep consideration of Marxism world view on people’s life.It is also an important part of proletariat’s outlook of the world .According to problems in higher vocational students’party con-struction works,this paper analyzes the importance of setting up higher vocational college students’outlook on com-munism and the ways to do this.%共产主义人生观是马克思主义世界观对人生的深入思考,是无产阶级世界观的重要组成部分。本文结合当前高职生党建工作存在的问题,分析了树立高职生共产主义人生观的重要意义,并探讨了如何树立的相关对策。

  9. Quality assurance within regulatory bodies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The IAEA directed extensive efforts during the years 1991 to 1995 to the integral revision of all NUSS quality assurance publications, which were approved and issued as Safety Series No.50-C/SG-Q, Quality Assurance for Safety in Nuclear Power Plants and other Nuclear Installations (1996). When these quality assurance publications were developed, their prime focus was on requirements against which work performed by the licensees could be measured and assessed by the regulatory bodies. In this way, they only helped to facilitate the functions of regulators. No requirements or recommendations were provided on how the regulators should ensure the effective implementation of their own activities. The present publication is a first attempt to collect, integrate and offer available experience to directly support performance of regulatory activities. It presents a comprehensive compilation on the application of quality assurance principles and methods by regulatory bodies to their activities. The aim is consistent good performance of regulatory activities through a systematic approach

  10. Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation (WPEC). Presentations and documents submitted to the 28. meeting, OECD Headquarters, Conference Centre, Paris, France, 9-13 May 2016

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The NEA's nuclear data evaluation co-operation activities involve the following evaluation projects: ENDF (United States), JENDL (Japan), ROSFOND/BROND (Russia), JEFF (other Data Bank member countries) and CENDL (China) in close co-operation with the Nuclear Data Section of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The working party was established to promote the exchange of information on nuclear data evaluations, measurements, nuclear model calculations, validation, and related topics, and to provide a framework for co-operative activities between the participating projects. The working party assesses nuclear data improvement needs and addresses these needs by initiating joint evaluation and/or measurement efforts. The 28. Meeting of the WPEC was the occasion to review the experimental activities, the evaluation projects and the Status of subgroups. This document brings together the available documents of the meeting: 1 - The Reports on experimental activities: Europe (NEA DB), Japan, USA, China; 2 - Some Brief progress reports from the evaluation projects: ENDF, JEFF, JENDL, BROND/ROSFOND, CENDL, IAEA, TENDL; 3 - The Status of subgroups: Subgroup 37 (Improved fission product yield evaluation methodologies); Subgroup 38 (A modern nuclear database structure beyond the ENDF format); Subgroup 39 (Methods and approaches to provide feedback from nuclear and covariance data adjustment for improvement of nuclear data files); Subgroup 40 (Collaborative International Evaluated Library Organisation (CIELO) Pilot Project); Subgroup 41 (Improving nuclear data accuracy of 241Am and 237Np capture cross-sections); Subgroup 42 (Thermal Scattering Kernel S(a,b): Measurement, Evaluation and Application); Subgroup C (High Priority Request List - HPRL); New Subgroups were proposed and presented: 43 - Code infrastructure to support a general nuclear database structure; WPEC long-term sub-group proposal: International standard for a general nuclear database structure

  11. Redesigning Radiotherapy Quality Assurance: Opportunities to Develop an Efficient, Evidence-Based System to Support Clinical Trials—Report of the National Cancer Institute Work Group on Radiotherapy Quality Assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: In the context of national calls for reorganizing cancer clinical trials, the National Cancer Institute sponsored a 2-day workshop to examine challenges and opportunities for optimizing radiotherapy quality assurance (QA) in clinical trial design. Methods and Materials: Participants reviewed the current processes of clinical trial QA and noted the QA challenges presented by advanced technologies. The lessons learned from the radiotherapy QA programs of recent trials were discussed in detail. Four potential opportunities for optimizing radiotherapy QA were explored, including the use of normal tissue toxicity and tumor control metrics, biomarkers of radiation toxicity, new radiotherapy modalities such as proton beam therapy, and the international harmonization of clinical trial QA. Results: Four recommendations were made: (1) to develop a tiered (and more efficient) system for radiotherapy QA and tailor the intensity of QA to the clinical trial objectives (tiers include general credentialing, trial-specific credentialing, and individual case review); (2) to establish a case QA repository; (3) to develop an evidence base for clinical trial QA and introduce innovative prospective trial designs to evaluate radiotherapy QA in clinical trials; and (4) to explore the feasibility of consolidating clinical trial QA in the United States. Conclusion: Radiotherapy QA can affect clinical trial accrual, cost, outcomes, and generalizability. To achieve maximum benefit, QA programs must become more efficient and evidence-based.

  12. Terrorism and Political Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bourne, Angela

    In the paper I address the empirical puzzle arising from different responses by political authorities in Spain and the UK to the existence of political parties integrated in the terrorist groups Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA, Basque Homeland and Freedom) and the Irish Republican Army (IRA). More...... for realization of free speech rights and representation is also emphasized, and where proscription is seen as inimical to resolution of conflict underpinning violence. In the context of party competition, a winning coalition is required for one discourse to predominate. However, I also argued that...

  13. Quality Assurance - Construction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gaarslev, Axel

    1996-01-01

    Gives contains three main chapters:1. Quality Assurance initiated by external demands2. Quality Assurance initiated by internal company goals3. Innovation strategies......Gives contains three main chapters:1. Quality Assurance initiated by external demands2. Quality Assurance initiated by internal company goals3. Innovation strategies...

  14. Handbook on heavy liquid metal technology prepared in the frame of the OECD/NEA working party of the fuel cycle

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the development of advanced nuclear systems such as accelerator-driven systems (ADS) proposed for high-level radioactive waste transmutation and Pb/LBE cooled fast reactors in the framework of Generation IV initiative, heavy liquid metals such as lead (Pb) or lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) are under evaluation as reactor core coolant and ADS neutron target material. Moreover, heavy liquid metals are also envisaged as target materials for high power neutron spallation sources. Due to this broad field of applications an International Working Group on Heavy Liquid Metal Coolants technology with major emphasis on Pb and LBE has been launched by the OECD/NEA. The objective of this work is to publish properties and experimental results on Pb and LBE in a consistent format within a single document in the form of a handbook in order to provide designers with a single source of qualified properties and data, and to guide the subsequent development efforts. In the handbook preparation about 50 scientists from 11 countries are involved. (author)

  15. “车厢文化暠:支部党建工作到班组的有效载体%Party Branch Work Goes to Basic-Level Teams through"Shuttle Bus Culture"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李茂山

    2014-01-01

    车厢文化是企业文化不可或缺的组成部分,是精神文明建设的重要阵地。是宣传和弘扬社会主义新文化、强化企业管理、增强员工素质、提高服务质量的有效手段。输气汽车队党支部根据工作实际,依托“车厢文化暠建设,开展各种形式的党建活动,创造了具有自身特点的团队文化,使党建工作落实到班组,“触角暠延伸到“前沿暠。在运送员工的短暂途中,能够最大限度地运用车厢的狭小空间,演绎具有鲜明个性和时代特征的车厢文化,使车厢文化成为彰显企业管理水平,增强员工素质,树立企业形象的载体。%Shuttle bus culture is an integral part of corporate culture,as well as the important position of the construction of spiritual civilization.It's also an effective means to publicize and promote new socialist culture,strengthen enterprise manage-ment,enhance staff quality,and improve the quality of service.In recent years,according to the actual work and the"shuttle bus culture"construction,party branch of the Motorcade in the Gas Transmission provided various kinds of activities,created its own unique team culture,making the party-building go deep into the basic-level teams,"tentacles"extending to"front". On the way of transporting employees,we can make full use of the small compartment to perform a shuttle bus culture with distinct time characteristics.In this way,the shuttle bus culture can be the approach to embody the enterprise's management level and enhance the staff quality.It can reflect the valuation concepts beliefs,ethics and the code of conduct of party mem-bers.

  16. Patient care and the general practitioner. Joint Working Party of the Welsh Council of the Royal College of General Practitioners and the Welsh General Medical Services Committee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-10-29

    The role of general practitioners is being redefined in the light of the emphasis on more care in the community, economic factors, and patients' expectations. The strength of general practice lies in the doctor-patient relationship; this strength must not be lost sight of. Specific tasks of the general practitioner include the responsibility for the care of individuals; the role of gatekeeper; broad knowledge of curative, preventive; and rehabilitative medicine; teamwork; management; and development of population based strategies. Future work patterns include the general practitioner first and foremost as a clinician and an integrator of health services, but they also involve audit, education and training, research, management, and relations with organisations in the public, private, and voluntary sectors. It is important to make changes only when they benefit patients and to maintain the principle of equity of access to care. PMID:7987112

  17. Partying as Everyday Life

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Demant, Jakob; Østergaard, Jeanette

    2007-01-01

    situates the event in everyday life. By drawing on Maffesoli's (1996) concept of ‘sociality' and Lincoln's (2005) concept of zoning the spatial and social logic of the house, partying is analysed using both qualitative and quantitative material. The analysis suggests that the consumption of alcohol (i...... reaffirm friendship and is therefore an integrated part of adolescents' everyday life.  ...

  18. Have a Pennsylvania Party!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Nancy

    1981-01-01

    Describes a social studies unit on Pennsylvania for third graders. As a final activity, students hold a Pennsylvania party at which they use pictures of famous people from the state with other state symbols as decorations, and serve foods grown in the state for refreshments. (AM)

  19. Terrorism and Political Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bourne, Angela

    In the paper I address the empirical puzzle arising from different responses by political authorities in Spain and the UK to the existence of political parties integrated in the terrorist groups Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA, Basque Homeland and Freedom) and the Irish Republican Army (IRA). More spe...

  20. Quality assurance program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This topical report describes the Gibbs and Hill Quality Assurance Program and sets forth the methods to be followed in controlling quality-related activities performed by Gibbs and Hill and its contractors. The program is based on company experience in nuclear power and related work, and defines a system found effective in providing independent control of quality-related functions and documentation. The scope of the report covers activities involving nuclear safety-related structures, systems, and components covered by Gibbs and Hill' contractual obligation to the Utility Owner for each project

  1. Review of achievements of the OECD Working Party on Manufactured Nanomaterials' Testing and Assessment Programme. From exploratory testing to test guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasmussen, Kirsten; González, Mar; Kearns, Peter; Sintes, Juan Riego; Rossi, François; Sayre, Phil

    2016-02-01

    This paper charts the almost ten years of history of OECD's work on nanosafety, during which the programme of the OECD on the Testing and Assessment of Manufactured Nanomaterials covered the testing of eleven nanomaterials for about 59 end-points addressing physical-chemical properties, mammalian and environmental toxicity, environmental fate and material safety. An overview of the materials tested, the test methods applied and the discussions regarding the applicability of the OECD test guidelines, which are recognised methods for regulatory testing of chemicals, are given. The results indicate that many existing OECD test guidelines are suitable for nanomaterials and consequently, hazard data collected using such guidelines will fall under OECD's system of Mutual Acceptance of Data (MAD) which is a legally binding instrument to facilitate the international acceptance of information for the regulatory safety assessment of chemicals. At the same time, some OECD test guidelines and guidance documents need to be adapted to address nanomaterials while new test guidelines and guidance documents may be needed to address endpoints that are more relevant to nanomaterials. This paper presents examples of areas where test guidelines or guidance for nanomaterials are under development. PMID:26603783

  2. Software Assurance Using Structured Assurance Case Models

    OpenAIRE

    Rhodes, Thomas; Boland, Frederick; Fong, Elizabeth; Kass, Michael

    2010-01-01

    Software assurance is an important part of the software development process to reduce risks and ensure that the software is dependable and trustworthy. Software defects and weaknesses can often lead to software errors and failures and to exploitation by malicious users. Testing, certification and accreditation have been traditionally used in the software assurance process to attempt to improve software trustworthiness. In this paper, we examine a methodology known as a structured assurance mo...

  3. Concrete quality assurance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holz, N. [Harza Engineering Company, Chicago, IL (United States)

    2000-08-01

    This short article reports on progress at the world's largest civil construction project, namely China's Three Gorges hydro project. Work goes on around the clock to put in place nearly 28 M m{sup 3} of concrete. At every stage of the work there is strong emphasis on quality assurance (QA) and concrete is no exception. The US company Harza Engineering has been providing QA since the mid-1980s and concrete QA has been based on international standards. Harza personnel work in the field with supervisors developing educational tools for supervising concrete construction and quality, as well as providing training courses in concrete technology. Some details on flood control, capacity, water quality and environmental aspects are given..

  4. Guide Suva de l'assurance contre les accidents

    CERN Document Server

    2004-01-01

    Le présent Guide de la Suva permet au lecteur de se retrouver dans les dispositions légales sur l’assurance-accidents. Il est divisé en trois parties: La première partie commente en neuf chapitres la loi sur l’assurance-accidents et la loi fédérale sur la partie générale du droit des assurances sociales, ainsi que leurs ordonnances. Chaque chapitre est précédé des questions les plus fréquemment posées à propos des sujets qui y sont traités. Les réponses succinctes à ces questions facilitent l’approche des différents sujets et donnent un aperçu du contenu du chapitre. Dans la partie explicative, les dispositions concernées font l’objet d’une référence dans la marge. La deuxième partie contient toutes les lois et ordonnances importantes pour l’acti vité quotidienne de la Suva (parfois seulement sous forme d’extraits). Des couleurs différentes permettent de mieux les distinguer. La troisième partie regroupe les moyens d’information et les adresses de la Suva les plus imp...

  5. Parties working on continuation of ITER EDA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article describes efforts of the 4 ITER partners, the European Atomic Energy Community and the governments of Japan, the Russian Federation and the USA, to agree to continuation of the ITER EDA. While the former 3 partners signed an Extension to the EDA, the Americans were refused funding by the US Congress und will therefore be phased out within one year. Copies of the documents signed are provided

  6. How asymmetric funding of parties can lead to political polarization

    OpenAIRE

    Köppl Turyna, Monika

    2015-01-01

    This work analyzes the impact of asymmetric financial constraints on the platforms of parties using a formal model of elections. Main results show that when a party faces a tight financial constraint the platform chosen in equilibrium is further away from its ideal point compared to the case when the campaign expenses are not limited. Moreover, we have shown that the platform of the party which is facing a tighter financial constraint is further away from its ideal point than of the opponent....

  7. QUALITY ASSURANCE UPDATE

    Science.gov (United States)

    An overview of the air pollution quality assurance program as implemented by EMSL/RTP is presented. The discussion includes method standardization operations for both ambient air and stationary source measurements, the quality assurance audit program, the ambient air equivalency ...

  8. All Fall Down? The Prospects for Established Parties in Europe and Beyond

    OpenAIRE

    Hanley, S. L.

    2015-01-01

    Examing four recently published works , this review essay reflects on ongoing debates the changing basis of party competition in Western and Eastern Europe. It considers the extent to which reserarch on congruence between voters and parties and the role of political organisation leaves established parties potentially vulnerable to collapse. This appears to be an issue more sharply posed in Eastern Europe where party organisation may not contribute to party survival as effectively as initialy ...

  9. Parties and party membership in Europe and Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sorin Mitulescu

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The article Parties and party membership in Europe and Romania is focusing on the relationship of the parties with their own members, relating the situation in Romania to the European trends.In Romania, after the renegaded legacy of the mass (communist party it has been adopted the pattern of the staff party, preferring instead of a large number of members, a mass of „sympathizers” easy to mobilize but with limited claims to be involved in the life of the party. The same trends can be observed in other European countries and especially from Eastern Europe (the case of Poland. However, the possibility to maintain a good connection with the society exists. The case of the parties in the Netherlands demonstrate this.

  10. Quality assurance manual: Volume 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) is a DOE-supported research facility that carries out experimental and theoretical research in high energy physics and developmental work in new techniques for particle acceleration and experimental instrumentation. The purpose of this manual is to describe SLAC quality assurance policies and practices in various parts of the Laboratory

  11. Multinational Quality Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinser, Kevin

    2011-01-01

    Multinational colleges and universities pose numerous challenges to the traditional models of quality assurance that are designed to validate domestic higher education. When institutions cross international borders, at least two quality assurance protocols are involved. To guard against fraud and abuse, quality assurance in the host country is…

  12. Computer software quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author defines some criteria for the evaluation of software quality assurance elements for applicability to the regulation of the nuclear industry. The author then analyses a number of software quality assurance (SQA) standards. The major extracted SQA elements are then discussed, and finally specific software quality assurance recommendations are made for the nuclear industry

  13. Quality assurance of endoscopy units.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stebbing, John F

    2011-06-01

    This chapter reflects on how England has led the world in service development and quality assurance of endoscopy. It draws out themes of leadership, strategic vision and organisational culture. It emphasises the pivotal importance of focussing service improvement on enhancing the quality of a patient's experience of endoscopy. It describes the processes used here for quality assurance of endoscopy units and how these have dovetailed with other strands of work in transforming the English endoscopy service. The chapter presents discussion of the responses to accreditation processes and how the design of the JAG Accreditation process maximises its effectiveness. PMID:21764004

  14. CNS infections in patients with hematological disorders (including allogeneic stem-cell transplantation)-Guidelines of the Infectious Diseases Working Party (AGIHO) of the German Society of Hematology and Medical Oncology (DGHO).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt-Hieber, M; Silling, G; Schalk, E; Heinz, W; Panse, J; Penack, O; Christopeit, M; Buchheidt, D; Meyding-Lamadé, U; Hähnel, S; Wolf, H H; Ruhnke, M; Schwartz, S; Maschmeyer, G

    2016-07-01

    Infections of the central nervous system (CNS) are infrequently diagnosed in immunocompetent patients, but they do occur in a significant proportion of patients with hematological disorders. In particular, patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation carry a high risk for CNS infections of up to 15%. Fungi and Toxoplasma gondii are the predominant causative agents. The diagnosis of CNS infections is based on neuroimaging, cerebrospinal fluid examination and biopsy of suspicious lesions in selected patients. However, identification of CNS infections in immunocompromised patients could represent a major challenge since metabolic disturbances, side-effects of antineoplastic or immunosuppressive drugs and CNS involvement of the underlying hematological disorder may mimic symptoms of a CNS infection. The prognosis of CNS infections is generally poor in these patients, albeit the introduction of novel substances (e.g. voriconazole) has improved the outcome in distinct patient subgroups. This guideline has been developed by the Infectious Diseases Working Party (AGIHO) of the German Society of Hematology and Medical Oncology (DGHO) with the contribution of a panel of 14 experts certified in internal medicine, hematology/oncology, infectious diseases, intensive care, neurology and neuroradiology. Grades of recommendation and levels of evidence were categorized by using novel criteria, as recently published by the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. PMID:27052648

  15. Twenty-Fourth Meeting of the Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation, 24-25 May 2012, NEA Headquarters, 12 boulevard des Iles, 92130 Issy-les-Moulineaux, France - Summary record

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper gives the summary record of the past 24. Meeting of the Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation: review of the experimental nuclear data activities of relevance to the evaluation projects (NEA Data Bank member countries, Japan, USA, China, Russia), brief progress reports from the evaluation projects and discussion of future plans (ENDF, JEFF, JENDL, TENDL, BROND, CENDL, IAEA), review of final or near-final subgroup reports (subgroups 27 (Prompt photon production from fission products), 28 (Processing of covariance data), 29 (U-235 capture cross-section in the keV to MeV energy region), 31 (Meeting nuclear data needs for advanced reactor systems)), status of ongoing subgroups (subgroups C (High priority request list for nuclear data), 33 (Methods and issues for the combined use of integral experiments and covariance), 34 (Coordinated evaluation of 239Pu in the resonance region), 35 (Scattering angular distribution in the fast energy range), 36 (Reporting and usage of experimental data for evaluation in the resolved resonance region)), proposals for new subgroups, discussions on the opportunity to create a World Wide Evaluated Nuclear Data File/Library, information on conferences and meetings of interest to the nuclear data community

  16. Hanford analytical services quality assurance requirements documents

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hyatt, J.E.

    1997-09-25

    Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Requirements Document (HASQARD) is issued by the Analytical Services, Program of the Waste Management Division, US Department of Energy (US DOE), Richland Operations Office (DOE-RL). The HASQARD establishes quality requirements in response to DOE Order 5700.6C (DOE 1991b). The HASQARD is designed to meet the needs of DOE-RL for maintaining a consistent level of quality for sampling and field and laboratory analytical services provided by contractor and commercial field and laboratory analytical operations. The HASQARD serves as the quality basis for all sampling and field/laboratory analytical services provided to DOE-RL through the Analytical Services Program of the Waste Management Division in support of Hanford Site environmental cleanup efforts. This includes work performed by contractor and commercial laboratories and covers radiological and nonradiological analyses. The HASQARD applies to field sampling, field analysis, and research and development activities that support work conducted under the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order Tri-Party Agreement and regulatory permit applications and applicable permit requirements described in subsections of this volume. The HASQARD applies to work done to support process chemistry analysis (e.g., ongoing site waste treatment and characterization operations) and research and development projects related to Hanford Site environmental cleanup activities. This ensures a uniform quality umbrella to analytical site activities predicated on the concepts contained in the HASQARD. Using HASQARD will ensure data of known quality and technical defensibility of the methods used to obtain that data. The HASQARD is made up of four volumes: Volume 1, Administrative Requirements; Volume 2, Sampling Technical Requirements; Volume 3, Field Analytical Technical Requirements; and Volume 4, Laboratory Technical Requirements. Volume 1 describes the administrative requirements

  17. Appointments and party organizations: network governmental party in kirchnerista peronism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerardo SCHERLIS

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article contributes to the understanding of the organizational structures of peronism, Argentine dominant political force, on the basis of a study on partisan appointments. It presents the main findings of a research on the scope, the workings, the motivations, and the criteria of partisan appointments in the Argentine state, with particular attention to Néstor Kirchner administration (2003-2007. The more general argument contends that appointments became in this period a crucial tool to control the state apparatus while, at the same time, they made it possible to renovate Peronist partisan elites under the leadership of the president. The data, obtained from a large series of expert interviews, make it possible to offer a new theoretical framework for the understanding of party-government linkages in contemporary Argentine democracy.

  18. Commentary on Ethnic Solidarity Work of the Communist Party of China before the Democratic Reform in Tibet%民主改革前党的西藏民族团结工作分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阴海燕

    2014-01-01

    Ethnic Solidarity is the foundation of the harmonious development of the society. No eth⁃nic solidarity, no real national equality and harmonious society. Ethnic solidarity is a state of reality, which has a long and complex process to achieve. To consolidate and strengthen the unity of all ethnic groups, it is important for us to attach the practices in ethnic areas. The ethnic solidarity work experience of the Communist Party of China before the democratic reform in Tibet has provided beneficial reference for us to deal with the current ethnic solidarity work.%民族团结是社会和谐与发展进步的基石。没有民族团结,就无法实现真正的民族平等,无法最终实现社会和谐。在具体的社会实践中,民族团结既是一个复杂的过程,又是一种现实状态。巩固和加强各民族的大团结,应重视考察民族地区的民族团结工作实践。中国共产党在西藏民主改革前的民族团结工作及经验,为我们做好现实民族团结进步工作提供了有益参考和借鉴。

  19. Multipartite entanglement verification resistant against dishonest parties

    CERN Document Server

    Pappa, Anna; Wehner, Stephanie; Diamanti, Eleni; Kerenidis, Iordanis

    2011-01-01

    Future quantum information networks will likely consist of quantum and classical agents, who have the ability to communicate in a variety of ways with trusted and untrusted parties and securely delegate computational tasks to untrusted large-scale quantum computing servers. Multipartite quantum entanglement is a fundamental resource for such a network and hence it is imperative to study the possibility of verifying a multipartite entanglement source in a way that is efficient and provides strong guarantees even in the presence of multiple dishonest parties. In this work, we show how an agent of a quantum network can perform a distributed verification of a multipartite entangled source with minimal resources, which is, nevertheless, resistant against any number of dishonest parties. Moreover, we provide a tight tradeoff between the level of security and the distance between the state produced by the source and the ideal maximally entangled state. Last, by adding the resource of a trusted common random source, ...

  20. 试析高职院校发展学生党员工作中的马克思主义理论教育问题%On the Problem of Marxist Theory Education during the Work Developing the College Student Party Members

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易燕萍

    2012-01-01

    马克思主义理论教育是党建工作的基础,本文对我国高职院校发展学生党员工作中的马克思主义理论教育问题进行了分析,提出从转变观念、思政课改革和教育资源的整合等方面,加强对学生入党积极分子的马克思主义理论素质的培养。%Marxist theory education is the foundation of the Party. This paper analyses Marxist theory education problem during the work of the developing the college student party members and explores how to cultivate students party activists Marxist theoretical quality from changing the idea, reforming political education course and integrating educational resources.

  1. Quality assurance in the EORTC randomized trial 22922/10925 investigating the role of irradiation of the internal mammary and medial supraclavicular lymph node chain works

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background and purpose: a quality assurance (QA) program in conjunction with the EORTC trial investigating the role of adjuvant internal mammary and medial supraclavicular irradiation in stage I-III breast cancer is presented. The results of a dummy run procedure and of an individual case review are compared to each other. The effects of recommendations based on QA procedures on the protocol compliance are evaluated. Material and Methods: prior to protocol activation all participating institutes were asked to produce treatment plans according to the guidelines of the protocol based on manual outlines of an average patient. Thereafter, they were asked to provide data on each of their first six randomized patients. Results: the dummy run provided a lot of information on specific treatment techniques. In the individual case review, additional patient- and tumor-related data were collected, showing the use of anatomic information for treatment planning. A comparison between both procedures revealed that the individual case reports concurred more accurately with protocol guidelines than the dummy run. Conclusion: it was observed that the number of systematic protocol deviations was substantially decreased in trial patients compared to the dummy run case. Therefore, it is concluded that this extensive QA program had a positive effect on the consistency of all institutes participating in the trial. (orig.)

  2. Construction quality assurance report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roscha, V.

    1994-09-08

    This report provides a summary of the construction quality assurance (CQA) observation and test results, including: The results of the geosynthetic and soil materials conformance testing. The observation and testing results associates with the installation of the soil liners. The observation and testing results associated with the installation of the HDPE geomembrane liner systems. The observation and testing results associated with the installation of the leachate collection and removal systems. The observation and testing results associated with the installation of the working surfaces. The observation and testing results associated with in-plant manufacturing process. Summary of submittal reviews by Golder Construction Services, Inc. The submittal and certification of the piping material specifications. The observation and verification associated of the Acceptance Test Procedure results of the operational equipment functions. Summary of the ECNs which are incorporated into the project.

  3. Construction quality assurance report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report provides a summary of the construction quality assurance (CQA) observation and test results, including: The results of the geosynthetic and soil materials conformance testing. The observation and testing results associates with the installation of the soil liners. The observation and testing results associated with the installation of the HDPE geomembrane liner systems. The observation and testing results associated with the installation of the leachate collection and removal systems. The observation and testing results associated with the installation of the working surfaces. The observation and testing results associated with in-plant manufacturing process. Summary of submittal reviews by Golder Construction Services, Inc. The submittal and certification of the piping material specifications. The observation and verification associated of the Acceptance Test Procedure results of the operational equipment functions. Summary of the ECNs which are incorporated into the project

  4. High assurance SPIRAL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franchetti, Franz; Sandryhaila, Aliaksei; Johnson, Jeremy R.

    2014-06-01

    In this paper we introduce High Assurance SPIRAL to solve the last mile problem for the synthesis of high assurance implementations of controllers for vehicular systems that are executed in today's and future embedded and high performance embedded system processors. High Assurance SPIRAL is a scalable methodology to translate a high level specification of a high assurance controller into a highly resource-efficient, platform-adapted, verified control software implementation for a given platform in a language like C or C++. High Assurance SPIRAL proves that the implementation is equivalent to the specification written in the control engineer's domain language. Our approach scales to problems involving floating-point calculations and provides highly optimized synthesized code. It is possible to estimate the available headroom to enable assurance/performance trade-offs under real-time constraints, and enables the synthesis of multiple implementation variants to make attacks harder. At the core of High Assurance SPIRAL is the Hybrid Control Operator Language (HCOL) that leverages advanced mathematical constructs expressing the controller specification to provide high quality translation capabilities. Combined with a verified/certified compiler, High Assurance SPIRAL provides a comprehensive complete solution to the efficient synthesis of verifiable high assurance controllers. We demonstrate High Assurance SPIRALs capability by co-synthesizing proofs and implementations for attack detection and sensor spoofing algorithms and deploy the code as ROS nodes on the Landshark unmanned ground vehicle and on a Synthetic Car in a real-time simulator.

  5. Quality Assurance of Assessment and Moderation Discourses Involving Sessional Staff

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grainger, Peter; Adie, Lenore; Weir, Katie

    2016-01-01

    Quality assurance is a major agenda in tertiary education. The casualisation of academic work, especially in teaching, is also a quality assurance issue. Casual or sessional staff members teach and assess more than 50% of all university courses in Australia, and yet the research in relation to the role sessional staff play in quality assurance of…

  6. Waste Management Quality Assurance Plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The WMG QAP is an integral part of a management system designed to ensure that WMG activities are planned, performed, documented, and verified in a manner that assures a quality product. A quality product is one that meets all waste acceptance criteria, conforms to all permit and regulatory requirements, and is accepted at the offsite treatment, storage, and disposal facility. In addition to internal processes, this QA Plan identifies WMG processes providing oversight and assurance to line management that waste is managed according to all federal, state, and local requirements for waste generator areas. A variety of quality assurance activities are integral to managing waste. These QA functions have been identified in the relevant procedures and in subsequent sections of this plan. The WMG QAP defines the requirements of the WMG quality assurance program. These requirements are derived from Department of Energy (DOE) Order 414.1C, Quality Assurance, Contractor Requirements Document, the LBNL Operating and Assurance Program Plan (OAP), and other applicable environmental compliance documents. The QAP and all associated WMG policies and procedures are periodically reviewed and revised, as necessary, to implement corrective actions, and to reflect changes that have occurred in regulations, requirements, or practices as a result of feedback on work performed or lessons learned from other organizations. The provisions of this QAP and its implementing documents apply to quality-affecting activities performed by the WMG; WMG personnel, contractors, and vendors; and personnel from other associated LBNL organizations, except where such contractors, vendors, or organizations are governed by their own WMG-approved QA programs

  7. Importance de la stratégie du marketing-mix en assurances de personnes ( cas de l'assurance scolaire de la CAAR dans la wilaya de Tlemcen)

    OpenAIRE

    Ali-belhadj, Yassine

    2014-01-01

    L'objectif de cette recherche est de déterminer les causes qui frénenet l'évolution du marché national des assurances de personne et la possibilité de le faire développer grâce de l'utilisation du marketing-mix des assurances.la premiére partie traite de l'aspect théorique du marketing des assurances .la deuxiéme partie observera le marketing des assurances en Algérie.

  8. Nigerian Parties and Political Ideology

    OpenAIRE

    J. Shola Omotola

    2009-01-01

    Are these heady days for Nigerian political parties? This is themain question, which this paper addresses with emphasis on politicalideology, being the first and most important vehicle of a political party. It is argued that despite all pretences to the contrary through their manifestoes, as much as the superficial classifications as the “left” and “right”, “progressive” and “conservative”, Nigerian parties seem to be bereft of clear ideological commitments. This conclusion is predicatedupon ...

  9. Current status of national inventory. Preparation in annex I parties and Non-annex I parties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this paper is to provide a generic assessment of the current status of greenhouse gas inventories in Annex I and some Non-Annex I Parties. This may provide a better understanding of the existing institutional capacities to prepare greenhouse gas inventories under the UNFCCC, that is, the key capacities to monitor greenhouse gas emission levels and trends. For Annex I Parties, the assessment of the development of institutional capacities for the preparation of greenhouse gas inventories provides insights on the results of the capacity building process on the preparation of greenhouse gas inventories, which was considerably enhanced with the adoption of the Kyoto Protocol. The adoption of legally binding targets under the Kyoto Protocol and the Marrakech Accords increased considerably the importance and strictness of requirements regarding inventory reporting. The adoption of IPCC Good Practice Guidance for national GHG inventories (2000) introduced for the first time clear prioritisation and guidance on choice of methods as well as detailed requirements for quality assurance and quality control procedures for inventory estimation. The Protocol requirement to establish a national inventory system also initiated a process that requires continuous improvement of inventory data and methods in Annex I Parties. This paper aims to identify the improvements and progress in estimating and reporting inventory data that were made recently as well as the problems and weaknesses that would need to be addressed in the future. For Annex I Parties, it also identifies the gap or distance to the full compliance with the reporting requirements under the Protocol and to a well functioning national inventory system. While the paper contains country-specific information for many Annex I and Non-Annex I Parties, its purpose, however, is not to review individual countries' inventories. Such individual reviews are conducted through the UNFCCC process, at least for Annex I Parties

  10. Review and Revelation of Air Quality Assurance Work during the Nanjing Youth Olympic Games%南京青奥会空气质量保障工作的回顾与启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘良宝; 汤浩; 刘晓蕾

    2015-01-01

    This paper discussed the ambient air quality of Nanjing and surrounding cities during the 2nd summer Youth Olympic Games.Besides,it summarized the control measures and revelation from the experience of air quality assurance.For improving air quality,we suggested normalizing air quality assurance system,speeding up industrial restructuring,controlling the emission of coal combustion and other serious pollution industriescomprehensively,and enhancing the work foundation and capability of environmental protection system.%分析了青奥会期间南京及周边城市空气质量状况;总结了保障青奥会空气质量的管控措施以及得到的启示。提出,青奥会保障机制应常态化,切实加快工业结构调整,全面控制燃煤污染,深入推进重点领域污染治理,夯实工作基础和能力。

  11. Revitalizing quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The image of someone inspecting or auditing often comes to mind when people hear the term quality assurance. Although partially correct, this image is not the complete picture. The person doing the inspecting or auditing is probably part of a traditional quality assurance organization, but that organization is only one aspect of a properly conceived and effectively implemented quality assurance system whose goal is improved facility safety and reliability. This paper introduces the underlying philosophies and basic concepts of the International Atomic Energy Agency's new quality assurance initiative that began in 1991 as part of a broad Agency-wide program to enhance nuclear safety. The first product of that initiative was publication in 1996 of a new Quality Assurance Code 50-C/SG-Q and fourteen related Safety Guides. This new suite of documents provide the technical and philosophical foundation upon which Member States can base their quality assurance programs. (author)

  12. Departies: conceptualizing extended youth parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eivind Grip, Fjær,; Tutenges, Sébastien

    2016-01-01

    Every year, millions of young people travel away from home to party for days or weeks on end in permissive environments, such as music festivals, dance parties, and nightlife resorts. The studies that have been conducted on these extended youth parties have focused primarily on specific risk......-taking behaviors, such as drug use and violence. Here, we scrutinize the research on extended youth parties to identify general changes that young people undergo at these events. We call these celebrations departies, because they center on the organization and facilitation of momentary departures from the...

  13. Problems in Student Party Member Development Work in Private Colleges and Countermeasures%浅谈民办高校学生党员发展工作存在的问题与对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢红林; 周红祥

    2014-01-01

    This paper analyzes problems which exist in developing students Party Members in civilian-run colleges and universities and puts forward active measures which suits to developing students Party Members in civilian-run colleges and universities so that characteristics of developing students Party Members in civilian-run colleges and universities could be formed.%本文就民办高校学生党员发展工作存在的主要问题进行分析,提出了适合民办高校学生党员发展工作的积极对策,从而形成民办高校学生党员发展工作的特色。

  14. The use of microbead-based spoligotyping for Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex to evaluate the quality of the conventional method: Providing guidelines for Quality Assurance when working on membranes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garzelli Carlo

    2011-04-01

    or thermolyzate did not affect the results in this study. However performance was center-dependent, suggesting that training is a key component in quality assurance of spoligotyping. Overall, no particular spacer yielded a higher degree of deviating results, suggesting that errors occur randomly either in the process of re-using membranes, or during the reading of the results and transferring of data from the film to a digital file. Last, the performance of the microbead-based method was excellent as previously shown by Cowan et al. (J. Clin. Microbiol. 2004 and Zhang et al. (J. Med. Microbiol. 2009 and demonstrated the proper detection of spacer 15 that is known to occasionally give weak signals in the classical spoligotyping.

  15. Work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haines, Annette M.

    2003-01-01

    Draws upon Maria Montessori's writings to examine work as a universal human tendency throughout life. Discusses the work of adaptation of the infant, work of "psycho-muscular organism" for the preschooler, work of the imagination for the elementary child, community work of the adolescent, and work of the adult. Asserts that Montessorians' role is…

  16. Tool Use Within NASA Software Quality Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shigeta, Denise; Port, Dan; Nikora, Allen P.; Wilf, Joel

    2013-01-01

    As space mission software systems become larger and more complex, it is increasingly important for the software assurance effort to have the ability to effectively assess both the artifacts produced during software system development and the development process itself. Conceptually, assurance is a straightforward idea - it is the result of activities carried out by an organization independent of the software developers to better inform project management of potential technical and programmatic risks, and thus increase management's confidence in the decisions they ultimately make. In practice, effective assurance for large, complex systems often entails assessing large, complex software artifacts (e.g., requirements specifications, architectural descriptions) as well as substantial amounts of unstructured information (e.g., anomaly reports resulting from testing activities during development). In such an environment, assurance engineers can benefit greatly from appropriate tool support. In order to do so, an assurance organization will need accurate and timely information on the tool support available for various types of assurance activities. In this paper, we investigate the current use of tool support for assurance organizations within NASA, and describe on-going work at JPL for providing assurance organizations with the information about tools they need to use them effectively.

  17. Co-ordinated Evaluation of Plutonium-239 in the Resonance Region - A report by the Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation of the NEA Nuclear Science Committee

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation (WPEC) has been established under the aegis of the OECD/NEA Nuclear Science Committee (NSC) to promote the exchange of information on nuclear data evaluations, validation and related topics. Its aim is also to provide a framework for co-operative activities between the members of the major nuclear data evaluation projects. This includes the possible exchange of scientists in order to encourage co-operation. Requirements for experimental data resulting from this activity are compiled. The WPEC determines common criteria for evaluated nuclear data files with a view to assessing and improving the quality and completeness of evaluated data. The parties to the project are: BROND (Russian Federation), ENDF (United States), JENDL (Japan) and JEFF (other NEA Data Bank member countries), as well as CENDL (China) in close co-operation with the Nuclear Data Section of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). This report has been issued by the WPEC Subgroup 34 with a view to solving a general discrepancy when calculating criticality benchmarks with plutonium, using the most recent evaluated data libraries. This international effort enabled the delivery of a single set of resonance parameters up to 2.5 keV. The large fluctuations of the prompt neutron multiplicities were correctly reproduced with a phenomenological decomposition of the multiplicity that involved the two-step (n,γf) process. Performances of the new 239Pu evaluation were tested over a broad set of integral data (ICSBEP, mock-up experiments performed in the CEA facilities and in power reactors). An overall good agreement was achieved between the calculations and the experimental results. The international effort performed in the framework of this Subgroup enabled delivery of a single set of resonance parameters up to 2.5 keV able to provide good C/E results over a broad set of integral data. The resonance analysis has been performed

  18. Parties, ideology and social composition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leôncio Martins Rodrigues

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the relationship between the ideological orientations of the main six Brazilian parties and the occupational composition of their rank-and-file. Two right-wing parties, two from the center and another two left wing ones were selected, defined according to the standard concept used: PPB, PFL, PMDB, PSDB, PDT and PT, respectively. The relationship between the social composition and the ideological orientation of these parties was done by investigating the profile of the parties'members for the 51st Legislature in the Lower House, elected in 1998. The analysis showed a marked difference in terms of occupational composition and in the patrimony dimension of the members. The parties classified as right wing recruited their rank-and-file mainly from managerial segments and high ranked public administrators whereas the left wing parties, among the liberal professionals, intellectuals, teachers, white and blue-collar employees (the latter being generally former trade union members. For the parties considered to be centerist, the presence of managers is important but they form a minority inside these parties and, at the same time, there are no members from the popular classes. The article shows, on the other hand, that the present Brazilian political class in the current legislature comes, in its almost totality, from four occupational segments: managers, liberal professionals, teachers and former public servants.

  19. High assurance services computing

    CERN Document Server

    2009-01-01

    Covers service-oriented technologies in different domains including high assurance systemsAssists software engineers from industry and government laboratories who develop mission-critical software, and simultaneously provides academia with a practitioner's outlook on the problems of high-assurance software development

  20. Authentication Assurance Levels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Common Criteria approach has been applied to create a definition of Authentication Assurance Levels that can quantify the level of assurance reached for a system subject to a set of authentication procedures. The arms-control authentication application of the Common Criteria expands on more typical information security evaluations in that it must contend with information barriers and preclude sophisticated intentional subversion attempts.

  1. Quality assurance program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The concept of levels of quality assurance as applied to CANDU-type nuclear power plant components, i.e. maintaining an appropriate cost/benefit ratio, is introduced. The design process itself has quality assurance features by virtue of multi-level review. (E.C.B.)

  2. Test automation on a third party mobile software

    OpenAIRE

    Lempiäinen, Tuomas

    2015-01-01

    This work aimed to create viable test automation for Finland’s Slot Machine Association’s mobile casino software. The work contains a test plan for the software, and an introduction of the selected automation framework. The software is developed by a third party. The results of this thesis indicate that testing third party software differs tremendously from testing in-house developed software. Instead of a multiphased testing process, only a one shot acceptance testing run can be performe...

  3. Limitations and Implications of Product-, Sales- and Market-Oriented Political Parties: Evidence for Public Affairs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ormrod, Robert P.

    2011-01-01

    This paper provides the first literature review of work using Lees-Marshment’s product-oriented party (POP), salesoriented party (SOP) and market-oriented party (MOP) process models with the aims of assessing the models’ usefulness to academics, practitioners and educators. This is motivated by a...

  4. DOE financial assurance presentation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The presentation topic is California's approach to license application review in meeting financial assurances for the proposed Ward Valley site. The purpose of the presentation is to provide information on specific financial assurance provisions contained in 10 CFR Part 61 and how California intends to satisfy those requirements. Also, as rate setter, California intends to demonstrate how it will assure allowable costs to the rate base though a financial prudency review. The key provisions of financial assurance are: 10 CFR Section 61.61 - This provision requires an applicant to demonstrate its ability to finance licensed activities; 10 CFR Section 61.62 - This provision requires an applicant to provide assurance that sufficient funds will be available for site closure and stabilization; and 10 CFR Section 61.63 - This provision requires an applicant to provide 'a copy of a binding arrangement, such as a lease, between the applicant and the disposal site owner, so that sufficient funds will be available to cover the costs of the institutional control period.' To assist California in its determination of financial assurance compliance to be demonstrated by the applicant for Part 61 requirements, is NUREG guidance document 1199 'Standard Format and Content of a License Application for a Low-Level Radioactive Waste (LLRW) Disposal Facility.' The detailed financial assurance provisions of NUREG 1199 are then embodied in NUREG 1200, 'Standard Review Plant for the Review of a License Application for a LLRW Disposal Facility.'

  5. CONGRESS PARTY AND INDIAN DEMOCRACY

    OpenAIRE

    Mahadevappa. T. C

    2015-01-01

    In these last several weeks that have followed the election victories of the Bharatiya Janata Party in IGujarat and Himachal Pradesh, the party is suffused with a new political energy. It is buoyed by he victory of its controversial icon iNarendra Modi in Gujarat and is wasting no time in converting these successes into crucial political capital before the Lok Sabha elections scheduled for next year. The Congress party, on the other hand, is shoving distinct signs of disorientation as a re...

  6. Software quality assurance handbook

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-09-01

    There are two important reasons for Software Quality Assurance (SQA) at Allied-Signal Inc., Kansas City Division (KCD): First, the benefits from SQA make good business sense. Second, the Department of Energy has requested SQA. This handbook is one of the first steps in a plant-wide implementation of Software Quality Assurance at KCD. The handbook has two main purposes. The first is to provide information that you will need to perform software quality assurance activities. The second is to provide a common thread to unify the approach to SQA at KCD. 2 figs.

  7. Quality Assurance in Radiotherapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mckenzie, Alan

    A common feature of the Radiotherapy Centres where there have been major accidents involving incorrect radiotherapy treatment is that they did not operate good Quality Assurance systems. A Quality Assurance system is sometimes called a Quality Management system, and it is designed to give assurance that quality standards are being met. One of the "spin offs" from operating a Quality Management system is that it reduces the likelihood of a radiotherapy accident. A detailed account of how to set up a quality system in radiotherapy has been given in an ESTRO booklet.2

  8. Between Party, Parents and Peers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bregnbæk, Susanne

    2012-01-01

    providing an ethnographic account of the quandaries of two young ccp members. Even though one student is of rural origin and the other has an urban elite background, in both cases party membership has been pursued as a strategy for opening paths to the future and tied to a quest for self-development rather......This article explores the lived contradictions entailed in being a young member of the Chinese Communist Party (ccp) today. The focus is on how political and existential issues intersect. It explores party membership as a strategy for personal mobility among Beijing elite university students by...... than a matter of wishing to make sacrifices for the country. The article focuses on how the two students' efforts play out differently. At the same time it is argued that a sense of moral and existential ambiguity goes hand in hand with both of their party membership strategies, leading to an...

  9. Flight Dynamics Mission Support and Quality Assurance Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, InHwan

    1996-01-01

    This paper summarizes the method of the Computer Sciences Corporation Flight Dynamics Operation (FDO) quality assurance approach to support the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center Flight Dynamics Support Branch. Historically, a strong need has existed for developing systematic quality assurance using methods that account for the unique nature and environment of satellite Flight Dynamics mission support. Over the past few years FDO has developed and implemented proactive quality assurance processes applied to each of the six phases of the Flight Dynamics mission support life cycle: systems and operations concept, system requirements and specifications, software development support, operations planing and training, launch support, and on-orbit mission operations. Rather than performing quality assurance as a final step after work is completed, quality assurance has been built in as work progresses in the form of process assurance. Process assurance activities occur throughout the Flight Dynamics mission support life cycle. The FDO Product Assurance Office developed process checklists for prephase process reviews, mission team orientations, in-progress reviews, and end-of-phase audits. This paper will outline the evolving history of FDO quality assurance approaches, discuss the tailoring of Computer Science Corporations's process assurance cycle procedures, describe some of the quality assurance approaches that have been or are being developed, and present some of the successful results.

  10. PUBLIC FUNDING OF POLITICAL PARTIES

    OpenAIRE

    Schultz, Christian; Ortuno-OrtÍn, Ignacio

    2000-01-01

    This paper concerns public funding of parties. Two policy motivated parties receive public funds depending on their vote share. Funds finance electoral campaigns influencing voting. Two cases are investigated. In the first some voters are policy motivated and some are ''impressionable'' - their vote depends directly on campaign expenditures. In the second campaigning is informative and all voters are policy motivated. Public funds increases policy convergence in both cases. The effect is larg...

  11. Political parties and network formation

    OpenAIRE

    Miettinen, Topi; Poutvaara, Panu

    2006-01-01

    We argue that anti-corruption laws may provide an efficiency rationale for why political parties should meddle in the distribution of political nominations and government contracts. Anti-corruption laws forbid trade in spoils that politicians distribute. However, citizens may pay for gaining access to politicians and, thereby, to become potential candidates for nominations. Such rent-seeking results in excessive network formation. Political parties may reduce wasteful network formation, thank...

  12. Which Party Gets the Mayoralty?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skjæveland, Asbjørn; Serritzlew, Søren

    2010-01-01

    In non-presidential multiparty systems, it is not only the voters but also coalition formation after the election that decides the government of the community. Some national-level studies investigate which parties are most likely to win the Prime Minister's office. The aim of this article is to...... parties that are popular in the electorate benefit from being perceived as more deserving of the mayoralty than others....

  13. Work plan, health and safety plan, and quality assurance project plan for hazardous waste removal at the CTF K-1654B underground collection tank

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Panter, M.S.; Burman, S.N.; Landguth, D.C.; Uziel, M.S.

    1991-10-01

    The Central Training Facility (CTF), located on Bear Creek Road approximately two miles south of the K-25 Site, is utilized for training security personnel at Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Oak Ridge, Tennessee. At the request of the CTF staff, this plan has been developed for the removal of the waste contents in the facility's 500-gal septic tank and associated distribution box. The septic tank and distribution box were historically located beneath the K-1654B trailer and adjacent to the K-1654A Indoor Firing Range. Recently, however, the K-1654B trailer was removed to accommodate the objectives of this work plan as well as future construction activities planned at CTF. The purpose of this plan is to develop and assign responsibilities, establish personnel protection requirements and mandatory safety procedures, and provide for contingencies that may arise while operations are being conducted by ORNL/MAD at the CTF K-1654B underground collection tank site. This document addresses requirements of 29 CFR 1910.120, Final Rule, with respect to aspects of health and safety applicable to an underground collection tank waste removal.

  14. Nigerian Parties and Political Ideology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Shola Omotola

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Are these heady days for Nigerian political parties? This is themain question, which this paper addresses with emphasis on politicalideology, being the first and most important vehicle of a political party. It is argued that despite all pretences to the contrary through their manifestoes, as much as the superficial classifications as the “left” and “right”, “progressive” and “conservative”, Nigerian parties seem to be bereft of clear ideological commitments. This conclusion is predicatedupon the relegation of politics of issues to the background across the various republics, and in its place the ascendancy of identity and money politics. Other factors include the rising magnitude of political vagrancy on the basis of selfish and parochial interests, the high level of party indiscipline, absence/weakness of party cohesion and internal democracy, and the high mortality and turnover of party leadership. Finally, the paper discusses the implications of this for Nigeria’s democratization and democratic consolidation, before concluding with some recommendations.

  15. Healthcare Software Assurance

    OpenAIRE

    Cooper, Jason G.; Pauley, Keith A.

    2006-01-01

    Software assurance is a rigorous, lifecycle phase-independent set of activities which ensure completeness, safety, and reliability of software processes and products. This is accomplished by guaranteeing conformance to all requirements, standards, procedures, and regulations. These assurance processes are even more important when coupled with healthcare software systems, embedded software in medical instrumentation, and other healthcare-oriented life-critical systems. The current Food and Dru...

  16. RAVEN Quality Assurance Activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report discusses the quality assurance activities needed to raise the Quality Level of Risk Analysis in a Virtual Environment (RAVEN) from Quality Level 3 to Quality Level 2. This report also describes the general RAVEN quality assurance activities. For improving the quality, reviews of code changes have been instituted, more parts of testing have been automated, and improved packaging has been created. For upgrading the quality level, requirements have been created and the workflow has been improved.

  17. Quality Assurance Through Reimbursement

    OpenAIRE

    Shaughnessy, Peter W.; Kurowski, Bettina

    1982-01-01

    Quality assurance and reimbursement programs normally function separately in the health care field. This paper reviews objectives and certain conceptual issues associated with each type of program. Its primary intent is to summarize substantive and operational topics which must be addressed if quality of care is to be enhanced through reimbursement. The focus is on methods for integrating quality assurance and reimbursement. The final section presents topics for future research.

  18. RAVEN Quality Assurance Activities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cogliati, Joshua Joseph [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    2015-09-01

    This report discusses the quality assurance activities needed to raise the Quality Level of Risk Analysis in a Virtual Environment (RAVEN) from Quality Level 3 to Quality Level 2. This report also describes the general RAVEN quality assurance activities. For improving the quality, reviews of code changes have been instituted, more parts of testing have been automated, and improved packaging has been created. For upgrading the quality level, requirements have been created and the workflow has been improved.

  19. Quality assurance in radiotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Quality assurance in the management of a patient receiving radiation therapy and the role of the radiation oncologist and medical physicist in this process is described. The constraints on available personnel are recognised and the need for further education resources and IAEA activities in education for both groups described. IAEA activities in the clinical and dosimetric aspects and the resultant publications and education have contributed to a culture of quality assurance. (author)

  20. Performance assurance program plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rogers, B.H.

    1997-11-06

    B and W Protec, Inc. (BWP) is responsible for implementing the Performance Assurance Program for the Project Hanford Management Contract (PHMC) in accordance with DOE Order 470.1, Safeguards and Security Program (DOE 1995a). The Performance Assurance Program applies to safeguards and security (SAS) systems and their essential components (equipment, hardware, administrative procedures, Protective Force personnel, and other personnel) in direct support of Category I and H special nuclear material (SNM) protection. Performance assurance includes several Hanford Site activities that conduct performance, acceptance, operability, effectiveness, and validation tests. These activities encompass areas of training, exercises, quality assurance, conduct of operations, total quality management, self assessment, classified matter protection and control, emergency preparedness, and corrective actions tracking and trending. The objective of the Performance Assurance Program is to capture the critical data of the tests, training, etc., in a cost-effective, manageable program that reflects the overall effectiveness of the program while minimizing operational impacts. To aid in achieving this objective, BWP will coordinate the Performance Assurance Program for Fluor Daniel Hanford, Inc. (FDH) and serve as the central point for data collection.

  1. All Partied Out?

    OpenAIRE

    Public Health Agency

    2012-01-01

    This report presents the initial results from the first specific study on the use of drugs, alcohol and cigarettes within the Northern Ireland Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgendered (LGB&T) community. Data was gathered from an internet survey of 941 LGB&T people and qualitative research with 37 participants. This work was funded by the Public Health Agency.

  2. Basic Study of Establishment of Quality Assurance Processes to Develop an Integrated Quality Assurance System for Nuclear Power Plant Construction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An integrated quality assurance system has necessitated carrying out quality assurance programs in a systematic manner because the opportunities to expand business in overseas markets have increased since the export of a nuclear power plant to UAE in 2009. In this study, we use PDCA method to systematically analyze the quality assurance procedures that were used in previous projects for constructing nuclear power plants. We reached a classification system of quality assurance processes at each phase of nuclear power plant construction by integrating similar work related to quality such as planning, design, equipment manufacturing, construction and start-up. We also established a hierarchy of quality assurance processes to develop an integrated quality assurance system as a technology goal to be developed later. To obtain most updated quality assurance activities, a quality assurance process is structured by integrating similar works analyzed from quality assurance procedures through PDCA cycle method. At the implementation phase of Hierarchy of quality processes and sequence of processes for constructing nuclear power plant are established in this study. Integrated quality assurance system is to be developed by connecting organizations as well as stakeholders such as owners, Architect engineering, suppliers, contractors, and sub-contractors to carry out assigned work efficiently

  3. Quality assurance in design

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Safety of the nuclear power plant depends on design, manufacturing, construction, commissioning and operation of plant. To ensure that all the constituent phases are performed as per intent, quality assurance is extremely important. NPCIL has developed a quality assurance programme for all above constituent phases for ensuring safety of public and site personnel. A topical quality assurance document at corporate level gives broad based policy document on quality assurance programme of NPCIL. For design and engineering services, a quality assurance programme has been developed based on ISO 9001 and AERB Code No. SC/QA. To ensure nuclear reactor safety, the design activities are carried out under controlled conditions which include: (i) establishment and maintenance of procedures describing how the design activities are to be carried out, (ii) assignment of design tasks to appropriately qualified and experienced personnel, (iii) compliance with codes, standards and regulatory requirements, (iv) incorporation of customer feedbacks/corrective and preventative actions, (v) compliance with quality plans and procedures., (vi) design control, (vii) proper document and data control, (viii) use of validated soft wares, (ix) review of consultants design, design documents at appropriate stages, (x) preparation, review and approval of designs and design documents by competent persons, (xi) AERB review of safety related design basis reports (DBRs), (xii) periodic internal quality audits for verifying the compliance to QA system, (xiii) periodic external audits by ISO 9001 certifying agency and NPCIL QA directorate, (xiv) Nonconformance control

  4. Vega flow assurance system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larsen, Marit; Munaweera, Sampath

    2010-07-01

    Vega is a gas condensate field located at the west coast of Norway and developed as a tie-in to the Gjoea platform. Operator is Statoil, production startup is estimated to the end of 2010. Flow assurance challenges are high reservoir pressure and temperature, hydrate and wax control, liquid accumulation and monitoring the well/template production rates. The Vega Flow Assurance System (FAS) is a software that supports monitoring and operation of the field. The FAS is based FlowManagerTM designed for real time systems. This is a flexible tool with its own steady state multiphase- and flow assurance models. Due to the long flowlines lines and the dynamic behavior, the multiphase flow simulator OLGA is also integrated in the system. Vega FAS will be used as: - An online monitoring tool - An offline what-if simulation and validation tool - An advisory control system for well production allocation. (Author)

  5. Party Politics and Criminality in India

    OpenAIRE

    Tiwari, Devesh Kumar

    2014-01-01

    Why do political parties nominate candidates who have the potential to damage parties' reputation among voters? Specifically, why do parties in India nominate candidates who have been charged with committing violent crimes? In this dissertation, I examine the relationship between parties' goals, candidates' attributes, and electoral competition in order to understand why parties nominate candidates with normatively bad reputations. Chapter 1 provides the motivation for the project, highlighti...

  6. PARTY FORMATION INCOLLECTIVE DECISION-MAKING

    OpenAIRE

    Martin J. Osborne; Rabee Tourky

    2002-01-01

    We study party formation in a general model of collective decisionmaking, modeling parties as agglomerations of policy positions championed by decision-makers. We show that if there are economies of party size and the policy chosen is not beaten by another policy in pairwise voting, then players agglomerate into exactly two parties. This result does not depend on the magnitude of the economies of party size or sensitively on the nature of the individuals' preferences. Our analysis encompasses...

  7. Party formation in single-issue politics

    OpenAIRE

    Martin J. Osborne; Rabee Tourky

    2005-01-01

    We study party formation in a general model of collective decision-making, modelling parties as agglomerations of policy positions championed by decision-makers. We show that in the presence of economies of party size and a one-dimensional policy space, players agglomerate into exactly two parties. This result does not depend on the magnitude of the economies of party size or sensitively on the nature of the individuals' preferences. Our analysis encompasses several models, including decision...

  8. A security assurance framework for networked medical devices

    OpenAIRE

    Finngegan, Anita; Mc Caffery, Fergal; Coleman, Gerry

    2013-01-01

    peer-reviewed This paper presents work for the development of a framework to assure the security of networked medical devices being incorporated. The paper focuses on one component of the framework, which addresses system development processes, and the assurance of these through the use of a Process Assessment Model with a major focus on the security risk management process. With the inclusion of a set of specific security controls and assurance processes, the purpose is to increase awaren...

  9. Energy-political ideas of environmentalist parties in Western Europe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    By and large the green-alternative parties embrace the same energy policies: They reject nuclear energy, they demand a radically new approach to energy politics and they want to realise their programmes within a comprehensive restructuring of the political and economic order of the respective states. The reasons for this categorical NO to nuclear energy seen in its social and environmental compatibility. In the following we will explain how this type of party works and functions. The reasons for the formation of these parties and the profile of green-alternative parties on a national and international level are described in detail as well as the resonance in society and their chances of success in general. (orig./HSCH)

  10. Public Funding of Political Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ortuno-Ortin, Ignacio; Schultz, Christian

    This paper concerns public funding of parties. Parteis receive public funds depending on their vote share. Funds finance electoral campaigns. Two cases are investigated. In the first, some voters are policy motivated and some are ?impressionable? ? their vote depends directly on campaign...... expenditures. In the second, campaigning is informative and all voters are policy motivated. Public funds increase policy convergence in both cases. The effect is larger, the more funding depends on vote shares. When campaigns are informative, there may be multiple euqilibria. Intuitively, a large party can...

  11. L'automatisation intégrale de la distillation en discontinu. Deuxième Partie : Fonctionnement de l'automate de distillation TILBIP 640 Integral Automation of Bath Distillation. Part Two : How the Tilbip 640 Distillation Robot Works

    OpenAIRE

    Bresson E.; Follain G.

    2006-01-01

    Les auteurs, abordent plus un détail, dans la deuxième partie de cet article, la façon dont les fonctions de contrôle de la distillation en discontinu sont réalisées dans l'automate intégral de distillation. On examine, pour chacun des problèmes rencontrés, les raisons tant théoriques que pratiques, voire même technologiques, qui ont conduit à la réalisation de cet automate de distillation. Si l'automatisation complète d'un poste de distillation en discontinu doit nécessairement porter sur l'...

  12. LEGO for Two-Party Secure Computation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Jesper Buus; Orlandi, Claudio

    2009-01-01

    . Asymptotically it obtains a factor  improvement in computation and communication over previous cut-and-choose based solutions, where  is the size of the circuit being computed. The protocol is universally composable (UC) in the OT-hybrid model against a static, active adversary.......This paper continues the recent line of work of making Yao’s garbled circuit approach to two-party computation secure against an active adversary. We propose a new cut-and-choose based approach called LEGO (Large Efficient Garbled-circuit Optimization): It is specifically aimed at large circuits...

  13. YOUNG CITY,BIG PARTY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Shenzhen Universiade unites the world’s young people through sports with none of the usual hoop-la, no fireworks, no grand performances by celebrities and superstars, the Shenzhen Summer Universiade lowered the curtain on a big party for youth and college students on August 23.

  14. Population policy: major party positions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Betts, K

    1998-01-01

    This article identifies the major political party positions on population policy (PP) in Australia. Australia has the Governing Coalition, comprised of the Liberal and National Parties, and the Australian Labor Party (ALP), the main opposition party. The ALP adopted a PP at its national conference in 1998. The Government Minister for Immigration and Multicultural Affairs (DIMA) does not view a PP as a need. The ALP policy identifies the need to decide on a long term sustainable population size as determined within a PP framework. The visa classification system needs to reflect national priorities. Labor will support a fair refugee and humanitarian program. Skilled labor migration must be linked with labor market needs. Business migration is a means of transferring resources and technology to Australia. The DIMA Minister announced the target intake of 80,000 visa immigrants in 1998- 99, which would produce a peak population of about 23 million in 2050. Settler arrivals from New Zealand would increase population size. A group of scientists and scholars published their recommendations about development of a PP. The Minister of DIMA's defense of the lack of a PP is included in this publication. Labor in several publications indicates support for a larger immigration intake, or an adjustment of the intake within the existing numbers. The Prime Minister, who supports the concept of multiculturalism, argues that people must accept immigration policy. Politics today are more divided over the origin and future of the nation than population size issues. PMID:12294231

  15. Quality Assurance for All

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheung, Peter P. T.; Tsui, Cecilia B. S.

    2010-01-01

    For higher education reform, most decision-makers aspire to achieving a higher participation rate and a respectable degree of excellence with diversity at the same time. But very few know exactly how. External quality assurance is a fair basis for differentiation but there can be doubt and resistance in some quarters. Stakeholder interests differ…

  16. Mission Operations Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faris, Grant

    2012-01-01

    Integrate the mission operations assurance function into the flight team providing: (1) value added support in identifying, mitigating, and communicating the project's risks and, (2) being an essential member of the team during the test activities, training exercises and critical flight operations.

  17. Grupo de trabajo de Leiden sobre fibrinolysis : procedimientos de recogida y manipulación de sangre para la evaluación del activador del plasminógeno de tipo tisular (t-PA) y del inhibidor-1 del activador del plasminógeno (PAI-1) [Leiden fibrinolysis working party : blood collection and handling procedures for assessment of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kluft, C.; Verheijen, J.H.

    1992-01-01

    Procedures of blood collection and handling are different for the various variables in haemostasis and tend to change gradually with progress in knowledge and methods. The Working Party has gathered background information about procedures and discussed minimal requirements specifically for t-PA and

  18. Next Generation CANDU Performance Assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    AECL is developing a next generation CANDU design to meet market requirements for low cost, reliable energy supplies. The primary product development objective is to achieve a capital cost substantially lower than the current nuclear plant costs, such that the next generation plant will be competitive with alternative options for large-scale base-load electricity supply. However, other customer requirements, including safety, low-operating costs and reliable performance, are being addressed as equally important design requirements. The main focus of this paper is to address the development directions that will provide performance assurance. The next generation CANDU is an evolutionary extension of the proven CANDU 6 design. There are eight CANDU 6 units in operation in four countries around the world and further three units are under construction. These units provide a sound basis for projecting highly reliable performance for the next generation CANDU. In addition, the next generation CANDU program includes development and qualification activities that will address the new features and design extensions in the advanced plant. To limit product development risk and to enhance performance assurance, the next generation CANDU design features and performance parameters have been carefully reviewed during the concept development phase and have been deliberately selected so as to be well founded on the existing CANDU knowledge base. Planned research and development activities are required only to provide confirmation of the projected performance within a modest extension of the established database. Necessary qualification tests will be carried out within the time frame of the development program, to establish a proven design prior to the start of a construction project. This development support work coupled with ongoing AECL programs to support and enhance the performance and reliability of the existing CANDU plants will provide sound assurance that the next generation

  19. Internal Quality Assurance Benchmarking. ENQA Workshop Report 20

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackstock, Douglas; Burquel, Nadine; Comet, Nuria; Kajaste, Matti; dos Santos, Sergio Machado; Marcos, Sandra; Moser, Marion; Ponds, Henri; Scheuthle, Harald; Sixto, Luis Carlos Velon

    2012-01-01

    The Internal Quality Assurance group of ENQA (IQA Group) has been organising a yearly seminar for its members since 2007. The main objective is to share experiences concerning the internal quality assurance of work processes in the participating agencies. The overarching theme of the 2011 seminar was how to use benchmarking as a tool for…

  20. Terms and definitions of quality assurance/quality control

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Terms of quality assurance are defined and interpreted. Reference is made to the IAEA Code of Practice and to other important Codes and Standards like ANSI, ASME and KTA. The relevance of these terms to everyday's work and problems of a quality assurance engineer is explained. (orig.)

  1. The Europeanisation of Slovak Political Parties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leška Dušan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is to analyse the Europeanisation of Slovak political parties in the various stages of the transition and transformation of the political system of Slovakia before and after the entry into the European Union. Methodologically, the paper is based on the concept of Ladrech, who divided five areas of research to suit the study of the impact of the Europeanisation on political parties and their politics. Visible can be changes in political programmes, organisational changes, a formula of party competition, relations between parties and government, relations beyond the national party system (a new look at transnational cooperation between political parties. Our research proved that the Europeanisation has been visible at all stages of development, with varying degrees of intensity and in various forms since the signing of the association agreement with the European Union. Its effect was important already in the stage of the society transition when it helped the return of Slovakia on the path of democratic development. In the two stages of development, Europeanisation created an individual line of cleavage of political parties, affected the rivalry of political parties, and thus a party system model. Unambiguously, it was reflected in political programmes of all parties, and an important role was played by the incorporation of political parties in the European political parties, by their cooperation and coordination of their policies. The election in the European Parliament was an important turning point in completion of programme orientations of political parties.

  2. 2010 Labour Party Leadership Election

    OpenAIRE

    Yiğit, Süreyya

    2016-01-01

    Britain is an established parliamentary democracy traditionally dominated by two political parties: Labour and Conservative. General election defeats usually prompt leadership challenges by candidates promising electoral success at the next election. 2010 was no exception with many Labour Members of Parliament offering themselves as the solution to fix the party’s electoral problems. Ed Miliband emerged as the victor in the Labour leadership contest, beating his elder brother alongside his ot...

  3. Greating opportunities at Luncheon Party

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ On January 26, more than 200 representatives from the business circles in China and Argentina joined together to find more opportunities at the Luncheon Party for China-Argentina Opportunities in Trade, Investment and Business.The Luncheon was jointly initiated by CCPIT and Argentina's Embassy in China.Mr. Yu Ping, Vice President of CCPIT, and Mr. Tayana, Minister of International Trade and Culture of Argentina attended and addressed the luncheon.

  4. Revenue assurance in utilities

    OpenAIRE

    Rihar, Miha

    2010-01-01

    In recent times utility companies have to orient to effective business due to hard market conditions. Thus, companies want to diminish business expenses and increase the revenues. Effective revenue capture is, after all, the aim of revenue assurance. Actually the revenue capture is usually not perfect and without losses. A part of revenues are always lost on the way from a service to payment, which is called revenue leakage and causes a financial loss. The revenue leakage is above all the ...

  5. Power transformers quality assurance

    CERN Document Server

    Dasgupta, Indrajit

    2009-01-01

    About the Book: With the view to attain higher reliability in power system operation, the quality assurance in the field of distribution and power transformers has claimed growing attention. Besides new developments in the material technology and manufacturing processes of transformers, regular diagnostic testing and maintenance of any engineering product may be ascertained by ensuring: right selection of materials and components and their quality checks. application of correct manufacturing processes any systems engineering. the user`s awareness towards preventive maintenance. The

  6. Introduction to quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Safety requirements set forth in the regulatory requirement, codes, standards as well as other requirements for various aspects of nuclear power plant design and operation are strictly implemented through QA activities. The overall QA aim is to assure that the plant is soundly and correctly designed and that it is built, tested and operated in accordance with stringent quality standards and conservative engineering practices. In this way a high degree of freedom from faults and errors can be achieved. (orig.)

  7. Revenue assurance methodology

    OpenAIRE

    Filipová, Michaela

    2006-01-01

    Práce se zabývá návrhem uceleného teoreticko-metodologického rámce nové podnikové funkce revenue assurance pro telekomunikační společnosti, které usilují o systematický a koncepční přístup k zajištění a maximalizaci příjmů. Popsány jsou role revenue assurance funkce v podniku, cíle, vývojová stádia. Dále jsou popsány hrozby a konkrétní podoby úniků a nadhodnocení příjmů. Podrobně je rozebrána metodika pro plnění úkolů revenue assurance a techniky pro eliminaci úniků a nadhodnocení příjmů. Prá...

  8. Book review: Political parties in Britain

    OpenAIRE

    Goes, Eunice

    2013-01-01

    "Political Parties in Britain." Matt Cole and Helen Deighan. Edinburgh University Press. July 2012. --- This introductory textbook examines the factors contributing to a political party’s fortune and identity. Authors Matt Cole and Helen Deighan examine Britain’s main political parties as well as ‘peripheral’ parties including the BNP and UKIP. Eunice Goes writes that Political Parties in Britain is a highly informative, accessible and up-to-date introductory text that should be included i...

  9. Quality assurance programme for screen film mammography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The application of radiation in human health, for both the diagnosis and treatment of disease, is an important component of the work of the IAEA. In the area of diagnostic radiology, this work is focused on quality assurance methods to both the promotion of the effective use of radiation for diagnostic outcome, through achieving and maintaining appropriate image quality, and also on dose determination to allow the monitoring and reduction of dose to the patient. In response to heightened awareness of the importance of patient dose contributed by radiology procedures, the IAEA published Dosimetry in Diagnostic Radiology: An International Code of Practice (Technical Reports Series No. 457) in 2007, to form a basis for patient dose determination for the Member States. Further to this, it is recognized that for complex diagnostic procedures, such as mammography, a detailed guidance document is required to give the professionals in the clinical centre the knowledge necessary to assess the patient dose, as well as to ensure that the procedure gives the maximal patient benefit possible. It is well documented that without the implementation of a quality culture and a systematic quality assurance programme with appropriate education, the detection of breast cancer cannot be made at an early enough stage to allow effective curative treatment to be undertaken. Currently there are a number of established quality assurance protocols in mammography from national and regional institutions, however, many of these protocols are distinctive and so a harmonized approach is required. This will allow the Member States to facilitate quality assurance in mammography in a standardized way which will also facilitate the introduction of national quality assurance programmes that are needed to underpin effective population screening programmes for breast cancer. Development of a quality assurance document for screen film mammography was started in 2005 with the appointment of a drafting

  10. Specified assurance level sampling procedure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the nuclear industry design specifications for certain quality characteristics require that the final product be inspected by a sampling plan which can demonstrate product conformance to stated assurance levels. The Specified Assurance Level (SAL) Sampling Procedure has been developed to permit the direct selection of attribute sampling plans which can meet commonly used assurance levels. The SAL procedure contains sampling plans which yield the minimum sample size at stated assurance levels. The SAL procedure also provides sampling plans with acceptance numbers ranging from 0 to 10, thus, making available to the user a wide choice of plans all designed to comply with a stated assurance level

  11. The Management of Large Components from Decommissioning to Storage and Disposal. A Report of the Task Group on Large Components of the NEA Working Party on Decommissioning and Dismantling (WPDD)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    take into account the respective requirements not only of the waste transporters and of the repository operator, but also of those of the relevant safety and transport authorities. The objectives of this study are: - to provide the basis for the different involved parties to reach convergence on the most relevant management option from an overall point of view; - to identify which criteria should be assessed in order to appreciate that relevancy, and - to promote a communication tool that benefits from the experience gained by the different countries dealing with that issue. As well as providing a tool for dialogue between all involved parties, the objective also provides a tool for assessment bodies (e.g., regulators) and stakeholders (the public) in order to appreciate the merits and the disadvantages of a given management option. Hence, this technical guide promotes an integrated approach encompassing the interests of all actors involved (e.g., decommissioners, regulators, the public at large, waste-management agencies, transporters, waste owners, etc.). Its purpose is to facilitate the review of the issues at stake through a case-by-case approach, addressing all intermediate steps, such as treatment and conditioning, transportation and relevant decision-making parameters, in order to determine the overall relevancy of potential management routes depending on given circumstances. (authors)

  12. 11 CFR 9002.15 - Political party.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Political party. 9002.15 Section 9002.15 Federal Elections FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION CAMPAIGN FUND: GENERAL ELECTION FINANCING DEFINITIONS § 9002.15 Political party. Political party means an association, committee, or organization which nominates or selects an...

  13. Secure data structures based on multi-party computation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft, Tomas

    2011-01-01

    This work considers data structures based on multi-party computation (MPC) primitives: structuring secret (e.g. secret shared and potentially unknown) data such that it can both be queried and updated efficiently. Implementing an oblivious RAM (ORAM) using MPC allows any existing data structure...

  14. Fluor Pioneer Inc. Quality Assurance Program. Topical report FPI-1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A quality assurance program is presented which applies to those design and procurement activities involving safety-related structures, systems, and components of nuclear power plants within the Fluor Pioneer scope of work

  15. Reactor system safety assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The philosophy of reactor safety is that design should follow established and conservative engineering practices, there should be safety margins in all modes of plant operation, special systems should be provided for accidents, and safety systems should have redundant components. This philosophy provides ''defense in depth.'' Additionally, the safety of nuclear power plants relies on ''safety systems'' to assure acceptable response to design basis events. Operating experience has shown the need to study plant response to more frequent upset conditions and to account for the influence of operators and non-safety systems on overall performance. Defense in depth is being supplemented by risk and reliability assessment

  16. Party government : myth or reality?

    OpenAIRE

    Blondel, Jean

    1994-01-01

    "The question of the relationship between parties and the governments which they support has not so far been given the attention it deserves. This is surprising from both a normative and an empirical standpoint. The reasons why this question has not been studied so far have probably to do with the notion, held unconsciously but also strongly, that the problem is a simple one. As with all matters which are understudied, there is some tendency to simplify and in this case to believe that parlia...

  17. Bewitched - The Tea Party Movement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ashbee, Edward

    2011-01-01

    has also been shaped and energised by institutional arrangements. In particular, it argues that there are significant numbers of independent or ‘detached’ conservatives and that the institutional architecture draws them towards political engagement but at the same time imposes constraints. The...... political friction that this creates has contributed to the anger that has characterised the movement. While the Tea Party movement may, as such, have only an ephemeral existence, independent conservatives are likely to remain a significant and potent constituency and will, within the institutional...... structures that define the American political process, give rise to other movements and protests....

  18. Topeltstandardid Eesti Televisiooni partei-algorganisatsioonis aastatel 1968–1988 / Double Standards at the Communist Party Sub-organisation at Eesti Televisioon 1968 –1988

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marek Miil

    2013-12-01

    controls over the Soviet media system, and ended with the year 1988 after a few years of perestroika and glasnost policies. It would be misleading to think that there were no true Communists at ETV. However, the article concludes that the ETV party sub-organisation was by no means composed of only committed and principled Communists who absolutely obeyed those positioned higher in the party hierarchy. Rather, the Communists tried to do as little party work as was barely necessary. This was the mentality that could have reduced their presentations, discussions, decisions, plans and reports to an empty formality. A party organisation that was internally weak and two-faced could not effectively assure the realisation of expectations and tasks, such as ideological supervision, political educational work or control over carrying out decisions made by party leaders. This, in its turn, created favourable conditions for preserving cultural identity and for opposition. We can conclude that ETV did not justify its status as a Soviet ideological institution, at least not in those categories that the Communist Party required of an organisation that held as important a place in the propaganda system as did ETV.

  19. Assessing the Influence of Political Parties on Public Opinion: The Challenge from Pretreatment Effects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Slothuus, Rune

    2016-01-01

    Despite generations of research, political scientists have trouble pinpointing the influence of political parties on public opinion. Recently, scholars have made headway in exploring whether parties in fact shape policy preferences by relying on experimental designs. Yet, the evidence from...... this work is mixed. I argue that the typical experiment faces a design problem that likely minimizes the extent to which parties apparently matter. Because parties have policy reputations, experimental participants may already know from real-world exposure to political debate where the parties stand before...... they are told in the experiment—they are “pretreated.” This study investigates how real-world political context interferes with party cue stimulus in experiments. In two experiments I show that two types of “pretreatment” from outside the experiment—exposure-based and reputation-based—dramatically moderate...

  20. Organizational analysis of the Social Democracy Party of the Brazilian state of São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Teresa MICELI KERBAUY

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article represents a theoretical and methodological approach to the analysis of organizational dynamics of political parties today, based on a study of the Party of Brazilian Social Democracy (PSDB in the State of Sao Pãulo (period between 1988 to 2006. It is hypothesized that the structure and the institutional rules of a particular party, or even their election results, are insufficient to explain the inner workings, such as the role of party organization in the electoral system. An approach that articulates the relationship patterns, election results and posts held in the party, identified the factors that explain the political capital that circulated within the party and ensured its organizational dynamics over the period analyzed.

  1. Software Quality Assurance Audits Guidebooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    The growth in cost and importance of software to NASA has caused NASA to address the improvement of software development across the agency. One of the products of this program is a series of guidebooks that define a NASA concept of the assurance processes that are used in software development. The Software Assurance Guidebook, NASA-GB-A201, issued in September, 1989, provides an overall picture of the NASA concepts and practices in software assurance. Second level guidebooks focus on specific activities that fall within the software assurance discipline, and provide more detailed information for the manager and/or practitioner. This is the second level Software Quality Assurance Audits Guidebook that describes software quality assurance audits in a way that is compatible with practices at NASA Centers.

  2. Quality assurance records system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Safety Guide was prepared as part of the Agency's programme, referred to as the NUSS programme, for establishing Codes of Practice and Safety Guides relating to nuclear power plants. It supplements the IAEA Code of Practice on Quality Assurance for Safety in Nuclear Power Plants (IAEA Safety Series No.50-C-QA), which requires that for each nuclear power plant a system for the generation, identification, collection, indexing, filing, storing, maintenance and disposition of quality assurance records shall be established and executed in accordance with written procedures and instructions. The purpose of this Safety Guide is to provide assistance in the establishment and operation of such a system. An orderly established and maintained records system is considered to be part of the means of providing a basis for an appropriate level of confidence that the activities which affect the quality of a nuclear power plant have been performed in accordance with the specific requirements and that the required quality has been achieved and is maintained

  3. Assessment of the Unresolved Resonance Treatment for Cross-section and Covariance Representation. A report by the Working Party on International Evaluation Co-operation of the NEA Nuclear Science Committee

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report summarises the work performed under WPEC Subgroup 32 (SG32) on issues pertinent to the methodology used in the unresolved resonance region (URR). The main purpose of SG32 was to verify the validity of the Single-level Breit-Wigner (SLBW) cross-section representation in the URR for self-shielding calculations. While SG32 work was under way, several other developments related to the URR on this subject came into play that had a direct impact on the results of calculations. The work described in this report focuses on: - testing of the SLBW formalism in the URR for fissile and fertile isotopes; - URR covariance representation; - interpolation issue with a URR resonance parameter for the infinitely dilute cross-section calculations; - ENDF URR parameter representation based on the LSSF = 0 or LSSF = 1 option

  4. Quality-Assurance Program Plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) is provided to describe the Quality Assurance Program which is applied to the waste management activities conducted by AESD-Nevada Operations at the E-MAD Facility located in Area 25 of the Nevada Test Site. The AESD-Nevada Operations QAPP provides the necessary systematic and administrative controls to assure activities that affect quality, safety, reliability, and maintainability during design, procurement, fabrication, inspection, shipments, tests, and storage are conducted in accordance with established requirements

  5. The case of sustainability assurance: constructing a new assurance service

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B. O'Dwyer

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents an in-depth longitudinal case study examining the processes through which practitioners in two Big 4 professional services firms have attempted to construct sustainability assurance (independent assurance on sustainability reports). Power’s (1996, 1997, 1999, 2003) theorization o

  6. An operational health physics quality assurance program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    DOE Order 5700.6C, Quality Assurance, stipulates QA requirements for all DOE activities. This order is now codified as 10CFR830.120, Nuclear Safety Management, Quality Assurance Requirements, which is applicable to DOE nuclear facilities. A Quality Assurance Management Plan (QAMP) was developed by the Health Physics Operations Group (ESH-1) at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The goal of the ESH-1 QAMP is to ensure that operational radiation protection activities meet the criteria outlined in DOE Order 5700.6C, DOE-ER-STD-6001-92 and 10CFR830.120. The ten required elements are QA Program, Personal Training and Qualifications, Quality Improvement, Documents and Records, Work Processes, Design, Procurement, Inspection and Acceptance Testing, Management Assessment and Independent Assessment. The QAMP has been useful for the development of QAMPs at nuclear facilities and has helped ensure uniformity of institutional requirements where Health Physics services are deployed to facilities. To implement a subset of QAMP requirements, a Quality Assurance Self-Evaluation Program (QASE) was established. This program provides a novel self-audit mechanism for the formal identification and correction of non-conforming items related to Operational Health Physics. Additionally, the QASE is a useful management tool for Radiological Control Technician Supervisors and staff and provides a tracking mechanism for ongoing problem areas. Data have been Collected for two calendar years on a number of concerns that fall into four general categories: radiological posting and labeling, instrumentation, monitoring requirements, and radiological documents/records

  7. Activist model of political party growth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeffs, Rebecca A.; Hayward, John; Roach, Paul A.; Wyburn, John

    2016-01-01

    The membership of British political parties has a direct influence on their political effectiveness. This paper applies the mathematics of epidemiology to the analysis of the growth and decline of such memberships. The party members are divided into activists and inactive members, where all activists influence the quality of party recruitment, but only a subset of activists recruit and thus govern numerical growth. The activists recruit for only a limited period, which acts as a restriction on further party growth. This Limited Activist model is applied to post-war and recent memberships of the Labour, Scottish National and Conservative parties. The model reproduces data trends, and relates realistically to historical narratives. It is concluded that the political parties analysed are not in danger of extinction but experience repeated periods of growth and decline in membership, albeit at lower numbers than in the past.

  8. Activist Model of Political Party Growth

    CERN Document Server

    Jeffs, Rebecca A; Roach, Paul A; Wyburn, John

    2015-01-01

    The membership of British political parties has a direct influence on their political effectiveness. This paper applies the mathematics of epidemiology to the analysis of the growth and decline of such memberships. The party members are divided into activists and inactive members, where all activists influence the quality of party recruitment, but only a subset of activists recruit and thus govern numerical growth. The activists recruit for only a limited period, which acts as a restriction on further party growth. This Limited Activist model is applied to post-war and recent memberships of the Labour, Scottish National and Conservative parties. The model reproduces data trends, and relates realistically to historical narratives. It is concluded that the political parties analysed are not in danger of extinction but experience repeated periods of growth and decline in membership, albeit at lower numbers than in the past.

  9. Subsurface quality assurance practices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report addresses only the concept of applying Nuclear Quality Assurance (NQA) practices to repository shaft and subsurface design and construction; how NQA will be applied; and the level of detail required in the documentation for construction of a shaft and subsurface repository in contrast to the level of detail required in the documentation for construction of a traditional mine. This study determined that NQA practices are viable, attainable, as well as required. The study identified the appropriate NQA criteria and the repository's major structures, systems, items, and activities to which the criteria are applicable. A QA plan, for design and construction, and a list of documentation, for construction, are presented. 7 refs., 1 fig., 18 tabs

  10. FESA Quality Assurance

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2015-01-01

    FESA is a framework used by 100+ developers at CERN to design and implement the real-time software used to control the accelerators. Each new version must be tested and qualified to ensure that no backward compatibility issues have been introduced and that there is no major bug which might prevent accelerator operations. Our quality assurance approach is based on code review and a two-level testing process. The first level is made of unit-test (Python unittest & Google tests for C++). The second level consists of integration tests running on an isolated test environment. We also use a continuous integration service (Bamboo) to ensure the tests are executed periodically and the bugs caught early. In the presentation, we will explain the reasons why we took this approach, the results and some thoughts on the pros and cons.

  11. Development of quality assurance procedures for production of sealed radiation source

    CERN Document Server

    Nam, J H; Cho, W K; Han, H S; Hong, S B; Kim, K H; Kim, S D; Lee, Y G; Lim, N J

    2001-01-01

    The quality assurance procedures for sealed radiation sources production using HANARO and RIPF have been developed. The detailed quality assurance procedures are essential to manage the whole work process effectively and ensure the quality of the produced sealed sources. Through applying this quality assurance procedures to the entire production works of the sealed radiation sources, it is expected that the quality of the products, the safety of the works and the satisfaction of the customers will be increased.

  12. Next Step: State Funding for the Parties?

    OpenAIRE

    Fisher, J.

    2002-01-01

    The Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000 marked the most comprehensive and radical overhaul of British party finance for over 100 years. It instituted reforms in many areas, with the notable exception of the comprehensive extension of state funding for political parties. However, despite the radicalism of the Act, questions have already arisen as to whether further state funding should occur. This article argues that in order to examine the case for more comprehensive state f...

  13. Political party funding and business corruption

    OpenAIRE

    Argandoña, Antonio

    2002-01-01

    The funding of political parties raises interesting economic, political, social and ethical problems. This paper seeks to address these problems with the intention of contributing to the general debate, but, above all, of understanding the issue from the company's viewpoint, since companies are directly implicated in political party finance, as donors, as supposed beneficiaries of political activity, or as the sufferers of the consequences of illegal party funding. The analysis is focused in ...

  14. Social Networks and Political Parties in Chile

    OpenAIRE

    Adler Lomnitz, Larissa

    2002-01-01

    This paper describes the origin and evolution of two Chilean political parties (the Radical Party and the Christian Democrat Party) through the analysis of the social networks that originated and composed them. The aim of this study is to propose a model of national political cultures on the basis of the structure of social networks related to power and of the symbol system, which legitimizes it. The structure of social networks, horizontal and vertical, are based on reciprocal or redistribut...

  15. Contracts for Interacting Two-Party Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gordon J. Pace

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the interrelation of deontic operators in contracts – an aspect often neglected when considering only one of the involved parties. On top of an automata-based semantics we formalise the onuses that obligations, permissions and prohibitions on one party impose on the other. Such formalisation allows for a clean notion of contract strictness and a derived notion of contract conflict that is enriched with issues arising from party interdependence.

  16. Recent Trends in Quality Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amaral, Alberto; Rosa, Maria Joao

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we present a brief description of the evolution of quality assurance in Europe, paying particular attention to its relationship to the rising loss of trust in higher education institutions. We finalise by analysing the role of the European Commission in the setting up of new quality assurance mechanisms that tend to promote…

  17. Project Specific Quality Assurance Plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) identifies the Westinghouse Hanford Co. (WHC) Quality Assurance (QA) program requirements for all contractors involved in the planning and execution of the design, construction, testing and inspection of the 200 Area Effluent BAT/AKART Implementation, Project W-291

  18. Towards improvement in quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This first document in the series of the International Nuclear Safety Advisory Group (INSAG) Technical Notes is a general guideline for the establishment of effective quality assurance procedures at nuclear facilities. It sets out primary requirements such as quality objectives, methods for measuring the effectiveness of the quality assurance programme, priority of activities in relation to importance of safety of items, motivation of personnel

  19. Project Specific Quality Assurance Plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pedersen, K.S.

    1995-09-27

    This Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) identifies the Westinghouse Hanford Co. (WHC) Quality Assurance (QA) program requirements for all contractors involved in the planning and execution of the design, construction, testing and inspection of the 200 Area Effluent BAT/AKART Implementation, Project W-291.

  20. The crisis of party democracy, cognitive mobilization and the case for making parties more deliberative

    OpenAIRE

    Accetti, Carlo Invernizzi; Wolkenstein, Fabio

    2016-01-01

    The much-discussed crisis of political parties poses a challenge to democratic theorists as institutional designers: how can the capacity of parties to mediate between society and state be resuscitated? In this paper, we suggest that parties need to become more internally deliberative, allowing partisans to debate policy and more general visions for the polity. We outline a prescriptive model of deliberative intra-party democracy, drawing on the empirical literature on the changing structure ...

  1. Parties heed (with caution): Public knowledge of and attitudes towards party finance in Britain

    OpenAIRE

    vanHeerde-Hudson, J.; Fisher, J

    2013-01-01

    Despite comprehensive reform (Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act) and recent review (Phillips Review in 2007) of party finance in Britain, public opinion of party finance remains plagued by perceptions of corruption, undue influence from wealthy donors, carefree and wasteful spending and, more generally, from the perception that there is just ‘too much money’ in politics. In this article we argue that knowledge of and attitudes to party finance matter, not least because advocate...

  2. Book Review: Training the Party: Party Adaptation and Elite Training in Reform-era China

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brødsgaard, Kjeld Erik

    2016-01-01

    Review of: Training the Party: Party Adaptation and Elite Training in Reform-era China. Charlotte P. Lee . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015. xii + 251 pp. $99.99. ISBN 978-1-107-09063-7......Review of: Training the Party: Party Adaptation and Elite Training in Reform-era China. Charlotte P. Lee . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015. xii + 251 pp. $99.99. ISBN 978-1-107-09063-7...

  3. 25. Meeting of the NEA NSC Working Party on International Nuclear Data Evaluation Co-operation (WPEC) - Summary Record (23-24 May 2013, NEA Headquarters, Issy-les-Moulineaux, France) - NEA-SEN-NSC-WPEC--2013-2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document summarized the content of the previous WPEC meeting held on 23-24 May 2013 at the NEA Headquarters. Experimental nuclear data activities of relevance to the evaluation projects were reviewed. Detailed information about the experimental activities is given in the reports and view graphs presented at the meeting (list in Annex 2). Progress in the major nuclear data evaluation projects was presented. Detailed information about the status of the evaluated nuclear data libraries is also given in the reports and view graphs presented at the meeting (see Annex 2). Results and conclusions of completed or near-completed subgroups were discussed. A summary table of all subgroup status is given in Annex 3. Activities of ongoing subgroups were presented. A summary table of all subgroup status is also given in Annex 3. Two new subgroup proposals were reviewed by WPEC. Detailed information about these proposals is given in the documents and view graphs presented at the meeting (list in Annex 2). Other points discussed at the 25. Meeting: presentation of the main WPEC objectives and working methods; Renewal of the WPEC mandate for the period 2013-2016; Conferences and meetings of interest to the nuclear data community; Time and place of next meeting

  4. Low Membership in Czech Political Parties: Party Strategy or Structural Determinants?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Linek, Lukáš; Pecháček, Š.

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 23, č. 2 (2007), s. 259-275. ISSN 1352-3279 R&D Projects: GA MPS 1J004/04-DP1 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70280505 Keywords : political parties * party membership * antiparty sentiments * party organization Subject RIV: AD - Politology ; Political Sciences

  5. New parties in government: party organization and the costs of public office

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    N. Bolleyer; J. van Spanje; A. Wilson

    2012-01-01

    Previous studies suggest, and common wisdom holds, that government participation is detrimental for new parties. This paper argues that the opposite is true. Drawing on a large-N analysis (111 parties in 16 countries) in combination with two case studies, it demonstrates that new parties generally b

  6. Book review: Multi-level party politics in Western Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Heinz, Dominic

    2013-01-01

    Multi-Level Party Politics in Western Europe is a study of territorial dynamics within party systems and party organizations in Western European multi-layered systems. It argues that processes of state restructuring and party crisis have forced parties to adapt their competitive strategies and internal structures. With the logic of territorial party competition becoming more complex, parties in Europe have developed quite different responses to deal with the challenges of multi-level politics...

  7. The Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Quality Assurance Project Plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fix, N. J.

    2008-03-12

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers are working on the Columbia River Protection Supplemental Technologies Project. This project is a U. S. Department of Energy, Office of Environmental Management-funded initiative designed to develop new methods, strategies, and technologies for characterizing, modeling, remediating, and monitoring soils and groundwater contaminated with metals, radionuclides, and chlorinated organics. This Quality Assurance Project Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that will be followed by the Technologies Project staff.

  8. k-PARTY SHARED RSA KEY GENERATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HeMingxing; FanPingzhi; 等

    2003-01-01

    This Ietter presents a k-party RSA key sharing scheme and the related algorithms are pressented.It is shown that the shared key can be generated in such a collaborative way that the RSA modulus is pubicly known but none of the parties is able to decrypt the enciphered message individually.

  9. Crossing boundaries : Involving external parties in innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Slot, J.H.

    2013-01-01

    To improve the return on investments in innovation, firms increasingly open up their new product development (NPD) processes by inviting external parties to participate. This dissertation focuses on the involvement of three different types of external parties in the NPD process: suppliers, customers

  10. Cryptography for Multi-Located Parties

    OpenAIRE

    Kak, Subhash

    2009-01-01

    This note describes some cryptographic issues related to multi-located parties. In general, multi-located parties make it difficult for the eavesdropper to mount the man-in-the-middle attack. Conversely, they make it easier to address problems such as joint encryption and error correction coding. It is easier to implement the three-stage quantum cryptography protocol.

  11. Ballistic quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This review describes the ballistic quality assurance for stereotactic intracranial irradiation treatments delivered with Gamma KnifeR either dedicated or adapted medical linear accelerators. Specific and periodic controls should be performed in order to check the mechanical stability for both irradiation and collimation systems. If this step remains under the responsibility of the medical physicist, it should be done in agreement with the manufacturer's technical support. At this time, there are no recent published guidelines. With technological developments, both frequency and accuracy should be assessed in each institution according to the treatment mode: single versus hypo-fractionated dose, circular collimator versus micro-multi-leaf collimators. In addition, 'end-to-end' techniques are mandatory to find the origin of potential discrepancies and to estimate the global ballistic accuracy of the delivered treatment. Indeed, they include frames, non-invasive immobilization devices, localizers, multimodal imaging for delineation and in-room positioning imaging systems. The final precision that could be reasonably achieved is more or less 1 mm. (authors)

  12. Quality assurance program. Braun topical report 21

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Quality Assurance (QA) policies and procedures described have been developed specifically for use in commercial nuclear projects. These policies and procedures are intended to provide assurance to Braun Management and the client that the plant will be safe, reliable, and operable, plus meet the requirements of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, NRC. The Braun QA Manual provides QA procedures for (1) engineering and design, (2) procurement of materials, equipment, and services, and (3) construction and installation. The controls for safety-related systems established in the manual cover all phases of work from project inception to plant completion prior to operation by the owner. The manual standardizes Braun QA control procedures. These procedures are supplemented by Project QA Instructions prepared for each project. (U.S.)

  13. Of `Cocktail Parties' and Exoplanets

    CERN Document Server

    Waldmann, Ingo P

    2011-01-01

    The characterisation of ever smaller and fainter extrasolar planets requires a intricate under- standing of one's data and the analysis techniques used. Correcting the raw data at the 10^-4 level of accuracy in flux is one of the central challenges. For most space and ground-based data analysis, the results obtained can be heavily dependent on the systematic noise corrections used and are the underlying cause of much recent controversy in the field. These instrument models strongly depend on the quality of the retrieved priors and the adequacy of the model's definition itself. It is therefore highly desirable to analyse one's data with as little prior knowledge of the system as possible to guarantee the highest possible degree of objectivity. Here we propose a non-parametric machine learning algorithm to de-convolve the systematic noise and all non-Gaussian signals from the desired astrophysical signal. Such a 'blind' de-convolution of signals is commonly known as the 'Cocktail Party problem' in signal-proces...

  14. Creating quality assurance and international transparency for quality assurance agencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindeberg, Tobias Høygaard; Kristoffersen, Dorte

    2004-01-01

    , on the one hand, to advance internationalisation of quality assurance of higher education, and on the other hand, allow for the differences in the national approaches to quality assurance. The paper will focus on two issues: first, the strength and weaknesses of the method employed and of the use of...... the ENQA‐membership provision as a basis for the evaluative procedure; and second, the pros and cons of using mutual recognition as international evaluative procedure compared with other approaches....

  15. W-state Analyzer and Multi-party Measurement-device-independent Quantum Key Distribution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Changhua; Xu, Feihu; Pei, Changxing

    2015-12-01

    W-state is an important resource for many quantum information processing tasks. In this paper, we for the first time propose a multi-party measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution (MDI-QKD) protocol based on W-state. With linear optics, we design a W-state analyzer in order to distinguish the four-qubit W-state. This analyzer constructs the measurement device for four-party MDI-QKD. Moreover, we derived a complete security proof of the four-party MDI-QKD, and performed a numerical simulation to study its performance. The results show that four-party MDI-QKD is feasible over 150 km standard telecom fiber with off-the-shelf single photon detectors. This work takes an important step towards multi-party quantum communication and a quantum network.

  16. W-state Analyzer and Multi-party Measurement-device-independent Quantum Key Distribution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Changhua; Xu, Feihu; Pei, Changxing

    2015-01-01

    W-state is an important resource for many quantum information processing tasks. In this paper, we for the first time propose a multi-party measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution (MDI-QKD) protocol based on W-state. With linear optics, we design a W-state analyzer in order to distinguish the four-qubit W-state. This analyzer constructs the measurement device for four-party MDI-QKD. Moreover, we derived a complete security proof of the four-party MDI-QKD, and performed a numerical simulation to study its performance. The results show that four-party MDI-QKD is feasible over 150 km standard telecom fiber with off-the-shelf single photon detectors. This work takes an important step towards multi-party quantum communication and a quantum network. PMID:26644289

  17. Prescribing Democracy? Party Proscription and Party System Stability in Turkey, Germany and Spain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bourne, Angela; Casals Bertoa, Fernando

    2016-01-01

    of party bans on party system development has remained mostly under-researched. Trying to address this lacuna, and employing a new dataset of banned parties in Europe between 1945 and 2015, we compare the effects of party ban regulation on party system stability in three different arenas: electoral......, parliamentary and governmental. In particular, we examine the impact of party proscription on electoral volatility, fragmentation and closure in three different countries: Turkey, Germany and Spain. Using examples both at national and regional (e.g. Basque Country, Navarre, Saxony) level, and making use...... hypotheses (i.e. organizational succession, electoral system, etc.) trying to explain why the outcomes of some cases within each country deviate from theoretical expectations. Finally, the article also examines the phenomenon of “non-banning” and how the failure of attempts to ban political parties might...

  18. OF 'COCKTAIL PARTIES' AND EXOPLANETS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The characterization of ever smaller and fainter extrasolar planets requires an intricate understanding of one's data and the analysis techniques used. Correcting the raw data at the 10–4 level of accuracy in flux is one of the central challenges. This can be difficult for instruments that do not feature a calibration plan for such high precision measurements. Here, it is not always obvious how to de-correlate the data using auxiliary information of the instrument and it becomes paramount to know how well one can disentangle instrument systematics from one's data, given nothing but the data themselves. We propose a non-parametric machine learning algorithm, based on the concept of independent component analysis, to de-convolve the systematic noise and all non-Gaussian signals from the desired astrophysical signal. Such a 'blind' signal de-mixing is commonly known as the 'Cocktail Party problem' in signal processing. Given multiple simultaneous observations of the same exoplanetary eclipse, as in the case of spectrophotometry, we show that we can often disentangle systematic noise from the original light-curve signal without the use of any complementary information of the instrument. In this paper, we explore these signal extraction techniques using simulated data and two data sets observed with the Hubble Space Telescope NICMOS instrument. Another important application is the de-correlation of the exoplanetary signal from time-correlated stellar variability. Using data obtained by the Kepler mission we show that the desired signal can be de-convolved from the stellar noise using a single time series spanning several eclipse events. Such non-parametric techniques can provide important confirmations of the existent parametric corrections reported in the literature, and their associated results. Additionally they can substantially improve the precision exoplanetary light-curve analysis in the future.

  19. Quality Assurance: A Balancing Act

    OpenAIRE

    Žváčková Jitka

    2015-01-01

    Language Centre Quality Assurance can be used for a wide range of purposes, from audits of services and procedures to reflection on best practices and improvements of language education. Quality Assurance systems across Europe differ considerably. The Czech Republic, unlike the UK or Spain, applies no unified national standards, therefore, the Masaryk University Language Centre (CJV MU), in compliance with the Masaryk University strategic plan, is obliged to set its own standards and procedur...

  20. The design and implementation of state underground storage tank assurance funds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Congress has required owners and operators of underground storage tanks (USTs) containing petroleum to demonstrate financial ability to pay for corrective action and third-party liability costs. This paper discusses these state funds. The first section contributes background information on the federal financial responsibility requirements several alternative types of state financial responsibility programs are discussed next: traditional programs that rely on private assurance, state reinsurance programs, and loan and other financial assistance programs. The next section describes variants of state assurance funds, the primary option adopted by state. The final section analyses several major issues faced by state in implementing their UST funds

  1. Mission Assurance Modeling and Simulation: A Cyber Security Roadmap

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gendron, Gerald; Roberts, David; Poole, Donold; Aquino, Anna

    2012-01-01

    This paper proposes a cyber security modeling and simulation roadmap to enhance mission assurance governance and establish risk reduction processes within constrained budgets. The term mission assurance stems from risk management work by Carnegie Mellon's Software Engineering Institute in the late 19905. By 2010, the Defense Information Systems Agency revised its cyber strategy and established the Program Executive Officer-Mission Assurance. This highlights a shift from simply protecting data to balancing risk and begins a necessary dialogue to establish a cyber security roadmap. The Military Operations Research Society has recommended a cyber community of practice, recognizing there are too few professionals having both cyber and analytic experience. The authors characterize the limited body of knowledge in this symbiotic relationship. This paper identifies operational and research requirements for mission assurance M&S supporting defense and homeland security. M&S techniques are needed for enterprise oversight of cyber investments, test and evaluation, policy, training, and analysis.

  2. Dietary treatment for regurgitation--recommendations from a working party.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vandenplas, Y; Belli, D; Cadranel, S; Cucchiara, S; Dupont, C; Heymans, H; Polanco, I

    1998-04-01

    Regurgitation is a common manifestation in infants below the age of 1 y, and is a frequent reason for counselling of general practitioners and paediatricians. Current recommended therapeutic management starts with parental reassurance and dietary measures, followed by prokinetics. In this paper, the efficacy, safety and nutritional implications of the dietary treatment of regurgitation are evaluated. Industrially prepared thickened feeds may contain cereals of fibres; some have a low lipid content and are casein-predominant. Milk-thickened agents can also be added to regular infant feeding. Formulae claimed as "anti-regurgitation formulae", or positioned as such, should be considered as medical foods or therapeutic diets, and only be available on medical prescription. It is proposed to limit the "anti-regurgitation" (AR) label to those diets which have been proven clinically effective on regurgitation and which are nutritionally safe. PMID:9628309

  3. The Chinese Communist Party in Reform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brødsgaard, Kjeld Erik; Yongnian, Zheng

    Contrary to the expectations of many people, China's recent economic growth has not led to the collapse of the Chinese Communist Party. In fact, the party has recently carried out a peaceful and orderly transition to the so-called fourth generation of leadership, has revitalised itself, and created...... a new, younger and better trained cadre corps. Despite this successful transformation, there continue to be many problems that the party will need to overcome if it is to remain in power, including pressures for democratization in both urban and rural areas, widespread corruption, the emergence of...

  4. The Labour Party and British Republicanism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenneth O. MORGAN

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available The famous detective, Sherlock Holmes, once solved a case by referring to “the dog that did not bark.” In the past 250 years of British history, republicanism is another dog that did not bark. This is particularly true of supposedly our most radical major political party, the Labour Party. Over the monarchy, as over constitutional matters generally, Labour’s instincts have been conservative. Even after 1997, when the party, led by Lord Irvine, has indeed embarked upon major constitutional ref...

  5. JUDGMENT OF POLITICAL PARTIES ACCOUNTABILITY OF THE RIO GRANDE DO NORTE STATE: WHICH ASPECTS RELATE WITH APPROVAL AND DISAPPROVAL?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stênnia Maria Ferreira de Brito

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to identify factors that relate to the judgment of political parties accountability operating in the state of Rio Grande do Norte. Twenty-four political parties with directory in the state were selected considering those who have had their accounts judged between 2006 to 2013. In order to determine which factors are related to the trial of party accounts, logistic regression were considered for the analysis. Independent variables were the total revenues received by the party (in logarithm, dummy for political parties with or without the resources of the party fund and dummy for years that there were state elections, while the trial of the accounts of parties (approval / disapproval is dependent variable. The results show that only the dummy's Party Fund positively influence the judgments of the annual accounts parties. Thus, it is understood that the parties receiving public funds are more likely to provide better information and, therefore, have its accounts approved by the Unidade Técnica do Tribunal Regional Eleitoral do Rio Grande do Norte. Moreover, one can even say that the parties receiving such government help have a trend or an indication of concern with the concept of accountability, since the party fund is a public resource. It is recommended that future studies address other indicators, for example, liquidity, debt and profitability. Moreover, as also proxies related to the disclosure of financial statements, number of persons elected by party in relation to the number of candidates and party members number could become plausible indicators for future research that would use the same methodology. In addition, replicate this metodology to other states for comparative issues, and even use the same methodology at national level could be aspects of research to be worked for the future.

  6. Thoughts on Internal and External Quality Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jianxin

    2012-01-01

    Quality assurance of higher education is made up of two parts: internal quality assurance (IQA) and external quality assurance (EQA). Both belong to a union of the coexistence and balance of yin and yang. But in reality there exists a paradox of "confusion of quality assurance (QA) subject consciousness, singularity of social QA and lack of QA…

  7. 10 CFR 71.37 - Quality assurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Quality assurance. 71.37 Section 71.37 Energy NUCLEAR... Package Approval § 71.37 Quality assurance. (a) The applicant shall describe the quality assurance program... quality assurance program that are applicable to the particular package design under...

  8. Quality assurance for electronic portal imaging devices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Electronic portal imaging devices (EPIDS) are assuming an ever-increasing role in the verification of radiation treatment accuracy. They are used both in a passive capacity, for the determination of field displacement distributions (''setup errors''), and also in an active role whereby the patient setup is corrected on the basis of electronic portal images. In spite of their potential impact on the precision of patient treatment, there are few quality assurance procedures available, and most of the EPIDS in clinical use are subject, at best, to only perfunctory quality assurance. The goals of this work are (a) to develop an objective and reproducible test for EPID image quality on the factory floor and during installation of the EPID on site; (b) to provide the user with a simple and accurate tool for acceptance, commissioning, and routine quality control; and (c) to initiate regional, national and international collaboration in the implementation of standardized, objective, and automated quality assurance procedures. To this end we have developed an automated test in which a simple test object is imaged daily, and the spatial and contrast resolution of the EPID are automatically evaluated in terms of ''acceptable'', ''warning'' and ''stop'' criteria. Our experience over two years shows the test to be highly sensitive, reproducible, and inexpensive in time and effort. Inter-institutional trials are under way in Canada, US and Europe which indicate large variations in EPID image quality from one EPID to another, and from one center to another. We expect the new standardized quality assurance procedure to lead to improved, and consistent image quality, increased operator acceptance of the technology, and agreement on uniform standards by equipment suppliers and health care agencies. (author)

  9. Quality assurance in performance assessments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Following publication of the Site-94 report, SKI wishes to review how Quality Assurance (QA) issues could be treated in future work both in undertaking their own Performance Assessment (PA) calculations and in scrutinising documents supplied by SKB (on planning a repository for spent fuels in Sweden). The aim of this report is to identify the key QA issues and to outline the nature and content of a QA plan which would be suitable for SKI, bearing in mind the requirements and recommendations of relevant standards. Emphasis is on issues which are specific to Performance Assessments for deep repositories for radioactive wastes, but consideration is also given to issues which need to be addressed in all large projects. Given the long time over which the performance of a deep repository system must be evaluated, the demonstration that a repository is likely to perform satisfactorily relies on the use of computer-generated model predictions of system performance. This raises particular QA issues which are generally not encountered in other technical areas (for instance, power station operations). The traceability of the arguments used is a key QA issue, as are conceptual model uncertainty, and code verification and validation; these were all included in the consideration of overall uncertainties in the Site-94 project. Additionally, issues which are particularly relevant to SKI include: How QA in a PA fits in with the general QA procedures of the organisation undertaking the work. The relationship between QA as applied by the regulator and the implementor of a repository development programme. Section 2 introduces the discussion of these issues by reviewing the standards and guidance which are available from national and international organisations. This is followed in Section 3 by a review of specific issues which arise from the Site-94 exercise. An outline procedure for managing QA issues in SKI is put forward as a basis for discussion in Section 4. It is hoped that

  10. Gender differences in Assessments of Party Leaders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kosiara-Pedersen, Karina; Hansen, Kasper Møller

    2015-01-01

    Is there a relationship between party leader gender and voters' assessments? Yes, according to theses on gender identity and stereotyping. A voter survey during the 2011 Danish general election allows for a comprehensive analysis of a less likely case with four male and four female party leaders...... gender does not increase with age, actually, the opposite is the case among men since younger male voters have smaller sympathy for female party leaders. Furthermore, there is no support for the expectation that voters with more education or with higher levels of political interest and knowledge are more...... positive towards party leaders of their own gender than voters with less education. Also, the relationship between gender and voters’ assessments is not stronger prior to the election campaign than immediately after the election. Hence, in sum, gender identity does not seem to require a higher level of...

  11. Electoral system, pesonal votes, and party choice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Søren Risbjerg

    Using local elections in Denmark as an example this paper shows that individual party choice is influenced both by individual level, municipality level, and national level characteristics. Some hypotheses about the effects of the electoral system on personal votes derived from a theory by Carey...... & Shugart (1995) are first tested using a fixed-effects model. The effect of the personal reputation of the candidates, measured by personal votes, on party choice is then tested using a multilevel multinomial logit model suggested by Rabe-Hesketh and Skrondal (2008). The paper shows that both the electoral...... system and the personal reputation of local candidates have theoretically expected effects on party choice at local elections in Denmark. The methodology can be used for cross-national studies of multilevel effects on multi-party choice....

  12. The Europeanisation of Slovak Political Parties

    OpenAIRE

    Leška Dušan

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the study is to analyse the Europeanisation of Slovak political parties in the various stages of the transition and transformation of the political system of Slovakia before and after the entry into the European Union. Methodologically, the paper is based on the concept of Ladrech, who divided five areas of research to suit the study of the impact of the Europeanisation on political parties and their politics. Visible can be changes in political programmes, organisational changes, ...

  13. Social praxis, party, and class relations today

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Egni Malo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Today’s political sociologists are once again interested in the study of the crisis of mass-based parties, anti-politics and anti-parliamentarism, crisis in the authority of the political class, prevailing corporate interests within republican institutions, and populism. Political sociology however, takes the party, as a construct of political sociology alone, without consideration upon its militancy and action, as the party, which objectifies the foundation of a State, and as a result the party becomes, simply an historical category. We approach the problem of the modern state from many angles; analysing the nature of a political party as such; the ideological dangers of determinism and spontaneism which a party necessarily must struggle with; the type of non-administrative internal regime which is necessary for a party to be effective and so on. The problem we seek to elaborate is the specific character of the collective action that makes possible the passage from a sectored, corporate and subordinate role of purely negative opposition, to a leading role of conscious action towards not merely a partial adjustment within the system, but posing the issue of the State in its entirety. In developing this theme – as a study of the real relations between the political party, the classes and the State – a two-fold consideration is devoted to the study of Machiavelli and Marx: first from the angle of the real relations between the two, as thinkers of revolutionary politics, of action; and secondly from a perspective which would derive from the Marxist doctrines an articulated system of contemporary politics, as found in The Prince.

  14. Movements in Parties: OccupyPD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donatella della Porta

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available When the United States activists called for people to Occupy#everywhere, it is unlikely they were thinking of the headquarters of the Italian centre-left party. Parties and movements are often considered to be worlds apart. In reality, parties have been relevant players in movement politics, and movements have influenced parties, often through the double militancy of many of their members. OccupyPD testifies to a continuous fluidity at the movement-party border, but also to a blockage in the party’s interactions with society that started long before the economic crisis but drastically accelerated with it. In this paper we present the OccupyPD Movement as a case of interaction between party politics and social movement politics, and in particular between the base membership of a centre-left party and the broader anti-austerity movement that diffused from the US to Europe adopting similar forms of actions and claims. Second, by locating it within the context of the economic and democratic crisis that erupted in 2007, we understand its emergence as a reaction towards politics in times of crisis of responsibility, by which we mean a drastic drop in the capacity of the government to respond to citizens’ requests. To fulfil this double aim, we bridge social movement studies with research on party change, institutional trust and democratic theory, looking at some political effects of the economic crisis in terms of a specific form of legitimacy crisis, as well as citizens’ responses to it, with a particular focus on the political meaning of recent anti-austerity protests. In this analysis, we refer to both quantitative and qualitative data from secondary liter-ature and original in-depth interviews carried out with a sample of OccupyPD activists.

  15. Foodborne streptococcal pharyngitis after a party.

    OpenAIRE

    Berkley, S F; Rigau-Pérez, J G; Facklam, R.; Broome, C V

    1986-01-01

    Following a private party in Río Piedras, PR, 23 (56 percent) of those who attended developed an illness characterized by pharyngitis, myalgia, fatigue, headache, and fever. Consumption of carrucho (conch) salad was significantly associated with illness (P = 0.013, Fisher's exact test). Group A beta-hemolytic streptococci (M nontypable T12, serum opacity factor positive) were isolated both from throat cultures in 11 of 47 persons who attended the party and from the implicated food. The origin...

  16. Party Formation in the United States

    OpenAIRE

    DeWitt, Darin

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation is about how political parties formed in the world's first mass democracy, the United States. I trace the process of party formation from the bottom up. First, I ask: How do individuals become engaged in politics and develop political affiliations? In most states, throughout the antebellum era, the county was the primary unit of political administration and electoral representation. Owing to their small size, contiguity, and economic homogeneity, I expect that each county's ...

  17. Quality assurance requirements for dedication process in Angra 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Brazil the regulatory body is CNEN (Comissao Nacional de Energia Nuclear), according to its requirements, when there is not a Brazilian standard, the utilities shall follow the requirements of the designer. For Angra 1, the designer is an American company - Westinghouse. So, the requirements for dedication of U.S. NRC (United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission) shall be applied, these requirements are in 10CFR21 - Reporting of Defects and Noncompliance. According to 10CFR21, when applied to nuclear power plants licensed dedication is an acceptance process undertaken to provide reasonable assurance that a commercial grade item to be used as a basic component will perform its intended safety function and, in this respect, is deemed equivalent to an item designed and manufactured under a quality assurance program standard for nuclear power plant. This assurance is achieved by identifying the critical characteristics of the item and verifying their acceptability by inspections, tests, or analyses by the purchaser or third-party dedicating entity. (author)

  18. REALTIME MONITORING OF PIPELINES FOR THIRD-PARTY CONTACT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gary L. Burkhardt; Alfred E. Crouch

    2004-10-01

    Third-party contact with pipelines (typically caused by contact with a digging or drilling device) can result in mechanical damage to the pipe, in addition to coating damage that can initiate corrosion. Because this type of damage often goes unreported and can lead to eventual catastrophic failure of the pipe, a reliable, cost-effective method is needed for monitoring and reporting third-party contact events. The impressed alternating cycle current (IACC) pipeline monitoring method consists of impressing electrical signals on the pipe by generating a time-varying voltage between the pipe and the soil at periodic locations where pipeline access is available. The signal voltage between the pipe and ground is monitored continuously at receiving stations located some distance away. Third-party contact to the pipe that breaks through the coating changes the signal received at the receiving stations. In this project, the IACC monitoring method is being developed, tested, and demonstrated. Work performed to date includes (1) a technology assessment, (2) development of an IACC model to predict performance and assist with selection of signal operating parameters, (3) Investigation of potential interactions with cathodic protection systems, and (4) experimental measurements on buried pipe at a test site as well as on an operating pipeline. Initial results show that simulated contact can be detected. Future work will involve further refinement of the method and testing on operating pipelines.

  19. Motivated Reasoning and Political Parties: Evidence for Increased Processing in the Face of Party Cues

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Michael Bang; Skov, Martin; Serritzlew, Søren;

    2013-01-01

    psychological literature on source cues, we derive two possible hypotheses: (1) party cues activate heuristic processing aimed at minimizing the processing effort during opinion formation, and (2) party cues activate group motivational processes that compel citizens to support the position of their party. As...... part of the latter processes, the presence of party cues would make individuals engage in effortful motivated reasoning to produce arguments for the correctness of their party’s position. Following psychological research, we use response latency to measure processing effort and, in support of the......Extant research in political science has demonstrated that citizens’ opinions on policies are influenced by their attachment to the party sponsoring them. At the same time, little evidence exists illuminating the psychological processes through which such party cues are filtered. From the...

  20. Peer-to-Peer Secure Multi-Party Numerical Computation

    CERN Document Server

    Bickson, Danny; Dolev, Danny; Pinkas, Benny

    2008-01-01

    We propose an efficient framework for enabling secure multi-party numerical computations in a Peer-to-Peer network. This problem arises in a range of applications such as collaborative filtering, distributed computation of trust and reputation, monitoring and numerous other tasks, where the computing nodes would like to preserve the privacy of their inputs while performing a joint computation of a certain function. Although there is a rich literature in the field of distributed systems security concerning secure multi-party computation, in practice it is hard to deploy those methods in very large scale Peer-to-Peer networks. In this work, we examine several possible approaches and discuss their feasibility. Among the possible approaches, we identify a single approach which is both scalable and theoretically secure. An additional novel contribution is that we show how to compute the neighborhood based collaborative filtering, a state-of-the-art collaborative filtering algorithm, winner of the Netflix progress ...

  1. Intelligent Collaborative Quality Assurance System for Wind Turbine Supply Chain Management

    OpenAIRE

    B.L. Song; Liao, W.; Lee, J.

    2013-01-01

    To determine the root causes or sources of variance of bad quality in supply chains is usually more difficult because multiple parties are involved in the current global manufacturing environment. Each component within a supply chain tends to focus on its own responsibilities and ignores possibilities for interconnectivity and therefore the potential for systematic quality assurance and quality tracing. Rather than concentrating on assigning responsibility for “recall” incidents, it would be ...

  2. Quality assurance in individual monitoring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Measurement and assessment of radiation dose to the individual radiation worker, called 'Individual monitoring', is one of the most important aspects of radiation protection. International Commission on Radiation Protection (ICRP-75) has outlined three main objectives of personal monitoring viz assessment of the effectively equivalent dose to demonstrate compliance with managerial and regulatory requirements; to contribute to control of operation and design of facilities and in case of accidental overexposure, to provide valuable information for the initiation and support of any health surveillance and treatment. To meet these objectives, it is essential that the measurements are reliable and accurate as defined by National and International Standards. This requires setting up of well defined internal as well as external quality assurance protocol in the individual monitoring program. External quality assurance program is meant to provide a reliable and qualitative as well as quantitative assessment of the service provided by the service provider. In India, individual monitoring is based on CaSO4:Dy based TLD badge and the task of conducting external quality assurance (QA) is being performed by RP and AD, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre. The paper presents the methodology of Quality assurance, Performance evaluation standards and criteria. It discusses the results and important observations of last few QA cycles conducted for all the TLD Labs. The quality assurance check has indicated that the performance of all the Labs is satisfactory in accordance with ANSI as well as Trumpet curve methodology. It provided feedback on further improvements in the quality

  3. Concepts of nuclear quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    While the safety record of the nuclear industry continues to be excellent, the forced outage rates for recent years continue to be 15% or more. Quality assurance, therefore, needs to be applied not only to nuclear safety matters, but to the goals of increased productivity and reduced construction and operating costs. Broadening the application of the general concept of quality assurance in this way leads to the introduction of reliability technology. The total activity might better be called reliability assurance. That effective quality assurance systems do pay off is described by examples from the utility industry, from a manufacturer of instruments and systems and from the experience of Westinghouse Electric Company's manufacturing divisions. The special situation of applying quality assurance to nuclear fuel is discussed. Problems include the lack of a fully developed regulatory policy in this area, incomplete understanding of the mechanism for pellet-clad interaction failures, incomplete access to manufacturers design and process information, inability to make desirable changes on a timely basis and inadequate feedback of irradiation experience. (author)

  4. Waste Management Quality Assurance Plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory's Environment Department addresses its responsibilities through activities in a variety of areas. The need for a comprehensive management control system for these activities has been identified by the Department of Energy (DOE). The WM QA (Waste Management Quality Assurance) Plan is an integral part of a management system that provides controls necessary to ensure that the department's activities are planned, performed, documented, and verified. This WM QA Plan defines the requirements of the WM QA program. These requirements are derived from DOE Order 5700.6C, Quality Assurance, the LBL Operating and Assurance Program Plan (OAP, LBL PUB-3111), and other environmental compliance documents applicable to WM activities. The requirements presented herein, as well as the procedures and methodologies that direct the implementation of these requirements, will undergo review and revisions as necessary. The provisions of this QA Plan and its implementing documents apply to quality-affecting activities performed by and for WM. It is also applicable to WM contractors, vendors, and other LBL organizations associated with WM activities, except where such contractors, vendors, or organizations are governed by their own WM-approved QA programs. References used in the preparation of this document are (1) ASME NQA-1-1989, (2) ANSI/ASQC E4 (Draft), (3) Waste Management Quality Assurance Implementing Management Plan (LBL PUB-5352, Rev. 1), (4) LBL Operating and Assurance Program Plan (OAP), LBL PUB-3111, 2/3/93. A list of terms and definitions used throughout this document is included as Appendix A

  5. Shifting parties, constant cleavage. Party system formation along the urban-rural cleavage in post-communist Lithuania

    OpenAIRE

    Lie, Svenn Arne

    2006-01-01

    When studying the party system formation in post-communist Lithuania, the Western European theoretical framework is a useful, although not sufficient tool to understand this process. Weak alignments between voters and parties and unstable party systems have made it difficult to apply the Western European theoretical framework because it prerequisites a high degree of party institutionalisation. In addition to unstable electoral support for the established parties, new parties s...

  6. Cargo Assured Access to International Space Station

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, David A.

    2004-01-01

    Boeing's Cargo Assured Access logistics delivery system will provide a means to transport cargo to/from the International Space Station, Low Earth Orbit and the moon using Expendable Launch Vehicles. For Space Station, this capability will reduce cargo resupply backlog during nominal operations (e.g., supplement Shuttle, Progress, ATV and HTV) and augment cargo resupply capability during contingency operations (e.g., Shuttle delay and/or unavailability of International Partner launch or transfer vehicles). This capability can also provide an autonomous means to deliver cargo to lunar orbit, a lunar orbit refueling and work platform, and a contingency crew safe haven in support of NASA's new Exploration Initiative.

  7. REALTIME MONITORING OF PIPELINES FOR THIRD-PARTY CONTACT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gary L. Burkhardt; Alred E. Crouch

    2005-04-01

    Third-party contact with pipelines (typically caused by contact with a digging or drilling device) can result in mechanical damage to the pipe, in addition to coating damage that can initiate corrosion. Because this type of damage often goes unreported and can lead to eventual catastrophic failure of the pipe, a reliable, cost-effective method is needed for monitoring and reporting third-party contact events. The impressed alternating cycle current (IACC) pipeline monitoring method consists of impressing electrical signals on the pipe by generating a time-varying voltage between the pipe and the soil at periodic locations where pipeline access is available. The signal voltage between the pipe and ground is monitored continuously at receiving stations located some distance away. Third-party contact to the pipe that breaks through the coating changes the signal received at the receiving stations. In this project, the IACC monitoring method is being developed, tested, and demonstrated. Work performed to date includes (1) a technology assessment, (2) development of an IACC model to predict performance and assist with selection of signal operating parameters, (3) Investigation of potential interactions with cathodic protection systems, and (4) experimental measurements on buried pipe at a test site as well as on an operating pipeline. Initial results showed that IACC signals could be successfully propagated over a distance of 3.5 miles, and that simulated contact can be detected up to a distance of 0.7 mile. Unexpected results were that the electrical impedance from the operating pipelines to the soil was very low and, therefore, the changes in impedance and signal resulting from third-party contact were unexpectedly low. Future work will involve further refinement of the method to resolve the issues with small signal change and additional testing on operating pipelines.

  8. 1988 changes to United States law regarding nuclear third party liability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Price-Anderson Amendments Act of 1988 has introduced sweeping changes into the nuclear third party liability regime in the United States. The basis principle that a single, assured source of funds for compensation of those injured by a nuclear incident, regardless of the party actually at fault, has been maintained. The amount of such funding has been increased tenfold, to more than $7 billion, with a commitment that even more will be made available by the Congress, if needed. The scope of compensable injury has been broadened to include precautionary evacuations. With respect to contractors carrying out the defense-related nuclear activities of the Government, the changes have been equally momentous. The ceiling on Government idemnification has risen to keep pace with the maximum amount of licensee liability. Provisions designed to provide greater incentive to adherence to all nuclear safety standards have been added, authorizing the imposition of substantial civil and criminal sanctions for violations

  9. Grading of quality assurance requirements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present Manual provides guidance and illustrative examples for applying a method by which graded quality assurance requirements may be determined and adapted to the items and services of a nuclear power plant in conformance with the requirements of the IAEA Nuclear Safety Standards (NUSS) Code and Safety Guides on quality assurance. The Manual replaces the previous publication IAEA-TECDOC-303 on the same subject. Various methods of grading quality assurance are available in a number of Member States. During the development of the present Manual it was not considered practical to attempt to resolve the differences between those methods and it was preferred to identify and benefit from the good practices available in all the methods. The method presented in this Manual deals with the aspects of management, documentation, control, verification and administration which affect quality. 1 fig., 4 tabs

  10. From Party Systems to Party Organizations: The Adaptation of Latin American Parties to Changing Environments De sistemas partidarios a la organización partidaria. La adaptación de partidos latinoamericanos a ambientes cambiantes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Wills-Otero

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Review Article:Alcántara Sáez, Manuel (ed. (2008, Politicians and Politics in Latin America, Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers. Greene, Kenneth F. (2007, Why Dominant Parties Lose. Mexico’s Democratization in Comparative Perspective, New York: Cambridge University Press. Levitsky, Steven (2003, Transforming Labor-based Parties in Latin America: Argentine Peronism in Comparative Perspective, New York: Cambridge University Press. The study of party systems and political parties is one of the largest subfields in political science. Classic studies in advanced democracies focused primarily on party systems and developed theories about the causes and consequences of different types of systems. In recent years, new academic work begun to differentiate parties within systems by understanding their organizational structure, their internal dynamics, the different ways in which they interact with their constituencies, and the strategies that they use to attract voters. Studies show that parties within the same system behave and react differently given their internal conditions. This article reviews three scholarly books that deal with this issue. The works analyze the internal dynamics of Latin American political parties and their capacity to respond and adapt their structures when environmental challenges take place. Review Article:Alcántara Sáez, Manuel (ed. (2008, Politicians and Politics in Latin America, Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers. Greene, Kenneth F. (2007, Why Dominant Parties Lose. Mexico���s Democratization in Comparative Perspective, New York: Cambridge University Press. Levitsky, Steven (2003, Transforming Labor-based Parties in Latin America: Argentine Peronism in Comparative Perspective, New York: Cambridge University Press. El estudio de los sistemas de partidos y partidos políticos es una de las áreas más amplias en la ciencia política. Trabajos clásicos llevados a cabo en democracias avanzadas, enfocaron su atenci

  11. The Thought Remolding Campaign of the Chinese Communist Party-state

    OpenAIRE

    Hu Ping; Williams, Philip F.; Wu, Yenna (transl.)

    2012-01-01

    In its comprehensive analysis of a wide range of primary and secondary sources in both Chinese and Western languages, this authoritative work stands as the definitive study of the theory, implementation and legacy of the Chinese Communist Party's thought-remolding campaign. This decades-long campaign involved the extraction of confessions from millions of Chinese citizens suspected of heterodoxy or disobedience to party dictates, along with their subjection to various forms of "re-education" ...

  12. The Rise and Fall of Third-party High-speed Access

    OpenAIRE

    Rosston, Gregory L.

    2006-01-01

    While Internet usage blossomed during the entire 1995 – 2001 time period, there was a large change in the nature of the high-speed Internet access business. Initially, connection, routing and content were three separate parts of high-speed Internet service. Cable companies initially teamed with affiliated third-party providers to create their highspeed access combination of connection and routing whereas telephone companies resisted working with third-party providers for their high-speed acce...

  13. Formal analysis and design of multi-party fair exchange protocols

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Based on the origin of message items and channel combination between transacting parties, and events and relations among events, this paper presents a concise, precise, and hierarchical model for general fair exchange protocols, formally specifies various security requirements which are able to reflect inherent requirements for fair exchange protocols more rigorously, and partition these security requirements with fine granularity. This work helps analyze, debug, and design multi-party fair exchange protocols more effectively and elaborately.

  14. The introduction of an integral quality assurance system in the Beznau nuclear power station

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Nordostschweizerische Kraftwerke AG decided in 1982 to introduce an integral quality assurance system for the operational phase of the Beznau nuclear power station. The post of Quality Assurance Agent was created. Together with a team of representatives from all departments at the Beznau nuclear power station this person was responsible for writing and introducing the quality assurance manual. The system is practice-oriented and comprises all the work which is involved in the operation of the power plants. 2 figs

  15. Flow assurance study

    OpenAIRE

    Böser, W.; Belfroid, S.P.C.

    2013-01-01

    Generally large scale carbon capture projects require pipeline systems for the transporting of the CO2 from its point of capture to the storage site. The article will give information on the proposed operational management system. This has to work for all process situations, ranging from steady flow at varying injection conditions and flow rates, to start-up and shutdown procedures and also for emergency shutdown at the platform. In all these operational situations the phase behaviour of CO2 ...

  16. The Science of Mission Assurance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamal Jabbour

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The intent of this article is to describe—and prescribe—a scientific framework for assuring mission essential functions in a contested cyber environment. Such a framework has profound national security implications as the American military increasingly depends on cyberspace to execute critical mission sets. In setting forth this prescribed course of action, the article will first decompose information systems into atomic processes that manipulate information at all six phases of the information lifecycle, then systematically define the mathematical rules that govern mission assurance.

  17. Fuel assurance and supply security

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Differences between uncertainties relating to uranium and to petroleum supplies are analyzed. Uranium is linked simultaneously to energy and to non-proliferation policies. The differences between the countries from which supplies are obtained are also discussed. Efforts of various international organizations to secure assured supplies are considered. The discussions at INFCE (International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Evaluation) are referred to. The part played by USA is outlined: U.S. fuel assurance proposals; analysis of the U.S. proposal. The relationship between petroleum and uranium supplies is examined, and new trends in the petroleum and uranium industries are discussed. (U.K.)

  18. Book review: the Labour Party in Britain and Norway: elections and the pursuit of power between the World Wars

    OpenAIRE

    O'Hara, Glen

    2012-01-01

    Glen O’Hara finds The Labour Party in Britain and Norway to be an excellent and bracing study of two nations and two parties struggling with the implications of a restive mass democracy between the World Wars. David Redvaldsen’s work is a most welcome contribution to the literature.

  19. Quality assurance of performance-based maintenance partnerships

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Straub, A.; Van Mossel, H.J.

    2006-01-01

    Dutch housing associations develop new procurement methods for maintenance of their housing stock, namely performance-based partnership forms. Partnership forms promise the optimal use of know-how of parties involved. For contractors a performance-based approach means major changes in working proces

  20. Construction quality assurance closure report, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Site 300, Pits 1 and 7

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document presents the Final Construction Quality Assurance (CQA) report for the closure cover system of two mixed, low-level radioactive and hazardous waste landfills (pits) at Site 300. Site 300, operated by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), is located in the Altamont Hills, approximately 15 miles southeast of Livermore, California. The purpose of this report is to document the CQA program established to assure that construction is completed in accordance with the design intent and the approved Closure and Post Closure Plans dated May 1989 and revised January 1990 (EPA ID Number: CA 2890090002). Inclusive within the Closure and Post Closure Plan were the CQA Plan and the Technical Specifications for the final cover system. This report contains a complete narrative with photographic documentation of the construction activities and progress, problems encountered and solutions utilized, and third party testing and monitoring results, thus establishing the verification of compliance with the Quality Assurance Plan for the project

  1. Quality assurance on DCI transport/storage casks for radioactive material

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Gesellschaft for Nuclear-Service (GNS), owned by German utilities, is responsible, on their behalf, for the management of spent fuel and radioactive waste, resulting from the operation of their nuclear power plants. The company's other responsibilities include the development, design and fabrication of the transport and storage casks thus required. Questions of quality assurance obviously play an important part here. Using the example of a spent fuel cask of the CASTOR family, the performance of quality assurance measures is explained. These start with the company's quality assurance system and include control activities during design and fabrication. In accordance with German regulations, fabrication and test sequences plans are used, which determine the inclusion of all parties involved at the time required. The interplay of different review authorities is being illustrated

  2. Party on wheels: mobile party spaces in the Norwegian high school graduation celebration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fjaer, Eivind Grip; Pedersen, Willy; Sandberg, Sveinung

    2016-06-01

    Research on partying and nightlife often emphasizes commercial control while overlooking participants' creativity and agency. Due to their age, appearance and transgressive partying, participants in the Norwegian high school graduation celebration have limited access to bars and pubs in the ordinary night-time economy. To create alternative party spaces under their own control they utilize the spatial opportunities offered by automobility. Groups of students get together many years in advance and buy old buses which they refurbish to become rolling nightclubs that enable them to 'transcend space' through partying while on the move. These mobile party spaces provide a material and symbolic centre of communion and a tight space for physical assembly that enhances the production of intense positive emotions. In a cat-and-mouse game with the police, the buses provide a sense of nomadic autonomy, and enable participants to drink heavily for days on end. The study examines how youth may creatively zone their own party spaces within the context of automobility and how these mobile spaces again shape the partying that goes on within them. While this party practice opens up for autonomy, creativity and social transgressions reminiscent of liminal phases or carnivals, at a deeper level participants clearly reproduce class-based differences and exaggerate conventional practices and symbols. PMID:27121256

  3. The party politics of economic reform: Public opinion, party positions and partisan cleavages

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Padgett, Stephen

    2005-01-01

    This article focuses on the capacity of parties to cultivate public opinion to accept welfare state reform. 'Preference shaping', it is argued, depends on the intensity of party 'messages', which will be at their strongest where there are sharply defined partisan cleavages in opinion. The aversion o

  4. Quality Assurance 1992-2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Roger

    2012-01-01

    As the author's contribution to a series marking the Golden Jubilee of the Association of University Administrators, he reflects on changes in quality assurance over the past twenty years and speculates on what the future may hold for quality as the association moves into a new and very different competitive regime. He begins by discussing the…

  5. Separation Assurance and Collision Avoidance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lauderdale, Todd

    2010-01-01

    Objective SACA-1: Determine the level of safety provided by tactical separation assurance safety monitoring systems for UAS missions. a) Rationale: Continuous mission-risk monitoring can provide equivalent levels of safety for UAS operations possibly reducing the burden on other safety systems. b) Approach: Utilize and adapt algorithms and approaches developed for the NextGen Airspace Systems Program for UAS applications.

  6. Redefining and expanding quality assurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robins, J L

    1992-12-01

    To meet the current standards of excellence necessary for blood establishments, we have learned from industry that a movement toward organization-wide quality assurance/total quality management must be made. Everyone in the organization must accept responsibility for participating in providing the highest quality products and services. Quality must be built into processes and design systems to support these quality processes. Quality assurance has been redefined to include a quality planning function described as the most effective way of designing quality into processes. A formalized quality planning process must be part of quality assurance. Continuous quality improvement has been identified as the strategy every blood establishment must support while striving for error-free processing as the long-term objective. The auditing process has been realigned to support and facilitate this same objective. Implementing organization-wide quality assurance/total quality management is one proven plan for guaranteeing the quality of the 20 million products that are transfused into 4 million patients each year and for moving toward the new order. PMID:1286566

  7. Quality assurance and statistical control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heydorn, K.

    In scientific research laboratories it is rarely possible to use quality assurance schemes, developed for large-scale analysis. Instead methods have been developed to control the quality of modest numbers of analytical results by relying on statistical control: Analysis of precision serves to...

  8. Quality assurance in computing software

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper concerns quality assurance in computing software as applied to the nuclear industry. The emergence of Software Quality Management in systems procurement over the last decade is discussed, as are some of the underlying reasons for its important role in modern procurement practice. Some of the typical aspects of control are highlighted and discussed. (author)

  9. Quality assurance during site construction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Quality Assurance for Nuclear Power Plants under consideration of pipe assembling. Flow of Quality Requirements during: - Desing - Construction - Procurement - Prefabrication - Site. Organizational Requirements and Measurements during Erection: - Incoming Control - Material Storage - Surveillance of Tools - Weld Surveillance - Nondestructive Testing - Cleaning - Final Documentation. Qualification and Training of QA Personnel. (orig.)

  10. Assurance in Agent-Based Systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Our vision of the future of information systems is one that includes engineered collectives of software agents which are situated in an environment over years and which increasingly improve the performance of the overall system of which they are a part. At a minimum, the movement of agent and multi-agent technology into National Security applications, including their use in information assurance, is apparent today. The use of deliberative, autonomous agents in high-consequence/high-security applications will require a commensurate level of protection and confidence in the predictability of system-level behavior. At Sandia National Laboratories, we have defined and are addressing a research agenda that integrates the surety (safety, security, and reliability) into agent-based systems at a deep level. Surety is addressed at multiple levels: The integrity of individual agents must be protected by addressing potential failure modes and vulnerabilities to malevolent threats. Providing for the surety of the collective requires attention to communications surety issues and mechanisms for identifying and working with trusted collaborators. At the highest level, using agent-based collectives within a large-scale distributed system requires the development of principled design methods to deliver the desired emergent performance or surety characteristics. This position paper will outline the research directions underway at Sandia, will discuss relevant work being performed elsewhere, and will report progress to date toward assurance in agent-based systems

  11. Secure Two-Party Computational Geometry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shun-Dong Li; Yi-Qi Dai

    2005-01-01

    Secure Multi-party Computation has been a research focus in international cryptographic community in recent years. In this paper the authors investigate how some computational geometric problems could be solved in a cooperative environment, where two parties need to solve a geometric problem based on their joint data, but neither wants to disclose its private data to the other party. These problems are the distance between two private points, the relation between a private point and a circle area, the relation between a private point and an ellipse area and the shortest distance between two point sets. The paper gives solutions to these specific geometric problems, and in doing so a building block is developed,the protocol for the distance between two private points, that is also useful in the solutions to other geometric problems and combinatorial problems.

  12. Nationalism, territory and extremism in party politics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bourne, Angela

    In the paper I address the empirical puzzle arising from different responses by political authorities in Spain and the UK to the existence of political parties integrated in the terrorist groups Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA, Basque Homeland and Freedom) and the Irish Republican Army. More specifica......In the paper I address the empirical puzzle arising from different responses by political authorities in Spain and the UK to the existence of political parties integrated in the terrorist groups Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA, Basque Homeland and Freedom) and the Irish Republican Army. More...... for realization of free speech rights and representation is also emphasized, and where proscription is seen as inimical to resolution of conflict underpinning violence. In the context of party competition, a winning coalition is required for one discourse to predominate. However, I also argued that...

  13. An IEC standard on quality assurance for diagnostic X-ray systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A presentation is given of some characteristics of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). This is followed by a short discussion of general aspects of quality assurance in the diagnostic department. From this discussion it becomes apparent to which aspects of quality assurance IEC can contribute. Within that framework a working group of Sub-Committee 62 is at present active in developing a standard on quality assurance for diagnostic X-ray systems. The standard will contain a set of constancy tests that is claimed to allow a balanced quality assurance programme. The democratic procedure of IEC should guarantee that the proposed standard gains wide acceptance. (author)

  14. A Model of Party Discipline in a Congress

    OpenAIRE

    Zudenkova, Galina

    2011-01-01

    This paper studies party discipline in a congress within a political agency framework with retrospective voting. Party discipline serves as an incentive device to induce office-motivated congress members to perform in line with the party leadership's objective of controlling both the executive and the legislative branches of government. I show first that the same party is more likely to control both branches of government (i.e., unified government) the stronger the party discipline in the con...

  15. Party Control in China’s Listed Firms

    OpenAIRE

    Yu, Wei

    2013-01-01

    Along with state shareholding and government administration, the third source of political control of Chinese listed firms is the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). Using a unique hand-collected dataset that includes party secretary information for listed firms between 2000 and 2004, we examine the existence and power of party secretaries in companies. The party secretary is the leader of the party committee and exercises the power of the CCP at firm level. Power is assessed by examining whether ...

  16. Public funding of political parties when campaigns are informative

    OpenAIRE

    Ortuño Ortín, Ignacio; Schultz, Christian

    2012-01-01

    The paper considers public funding of political parties when some voters are poorly informed about parties? candidates and campaigns are informative. For symmetric equilibria, it is shown that more public funding leads parties to chose more moderate candidates, and that an increase in the funding's dependence on vote shares induces further moderation and improves welfare. If parties are asymmetric, vote share dependent public funding bene?ts the large party and makes it moderate its candidate...

  17. PROBLEMS FOR THE ACCOUNTING OF POLITICAL PARTIES IN KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY

    OpenAIRE

    AURELIAN VIRGIL BALUTA

    2012-01-01

    The society needs good reports from the accounting of political parties. The public power, including the Government, depends on the kind of financing of political parties. The improvement of the control of resources used by the parties accounting is very important. The paper presents the tools for the accounting of political parties in knowledge society. The paper contains the author's opinion on current issues of political party accounting. Arguments are presented against some recent proposa...

  18. Third-party financing in international arbitration

    OpenAIRE

    Maniruzzaman, Munir

    2012-01-01

    As its Council Member I attended the ICC Institute of World Business Law’s 32nd annual meeting on ‘Third-Party Funding in International Arbitration’ held in Paris on 26 November 2012. It was a grand success as it drew many professionals, arbitrators, experts, academic specialists and, above all, representatives from some major third-party funding bodies such as Burford Group Ltd., Calunius Capital LLP, Fulbrook Management LLC and others, and the discussion and debates generated a great deal o...

  19. Implementing Democratic Equality in Political Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bolleyer, Nicole; von Nostitz, Felix-Christopher; Little, Conor

    2015-01-01

    This article theorises and empirically assesses some important intra-organisational implications of maximising democratic equality in political parties both between followers and members and between members and elites. They include weak member commitment, passivity of the rank-and-file membership...... implementing norms of equality allowed them to rapidly mobilise a considerable following, the same structures systematically reduced their capacity to consolidate support in the longer term – a weakness that might eventually put these parties' survival at risk. Second, they show that differences in the extent...

  20. Quality assurance manual: Volume 2, Appendices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper contains quality assurance information on departments of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. Particular quality assurance policies and standards discussed are on: Mechanical Systems; Klystron and Microwave Department; Electronics Department; Plant Engineering; Accelerator Department; Purchasing; and Experimental Facilities Department

  1. Chemical identification and its quality assurance

    CERN Document Server

    Milman, Boris L

    2013-01-01

    Chemical Identification and its Quality Assurance shows how to apply the principles of quality assurance for qualitative chemical analysis. The principles of identification and metrological basics are presented, in addition to the reliability and errors involved with chemical identification.

  2. Quality assurance - how to involve the employees

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Michael Søgaard

    1996-01-01

    An overview of strategies for involvement of employees in quality assurance developement and implementation.......An overview of strategies for involvement of employees in quality assurance developement and implementation....

  3. Quality assurance for environmental analytical chemistry: 1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The continuing quality assurance effort by the Environmental Surveillance Group is presented. Included are all standard materials now in use, their consensus or certified concentrations, quality control charts, and all quality assurance measurements made by H-8 during 1980

  4. Process chemistry {ampersand} statistics quality assurance plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meznarich, H.K.

    1996-08-01

    This document provides quality assurance guidelines and quality control requirements for Process Chemistry and Statistics. This document is designed on the basis of Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Plan (HASQAP) technical guidelines and is used for governing process chemistry activities.

  5. Nova laser assurance-management system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In a well managed project, Quality Assurance is an integral part of the management activities performed on a daily basis. Management assures successful performance within budget and on schedule by using all the good business, scientific, engineering, quality assurance, and safety practices available. Quality assurance and safety practices employed on Nova are put in perspective by integrating them into the overall function of good project management. The Nova assurance management system was developed using the quality assurance (QA) approach first implemented at LLNL in early 1978. The LLNL QA program is described as an introduction to the Nova assurance management system. The Nova system is described pictorially through the Nova configuration, subsystems and major components, interjecting the QA techniques which are being pragmatically used to assure the successful completion of the project

  6. Characteristics quality system assurance of university programs

    OpenAIRE

    Lucian Ion Medar

    2011-01-01

    Quality assurance program of study requires time, dedication, effort, innovative thinking and creativity. Competitive research programs monitored by quality assurance system to create the desired results on the relationship between learning and teaching methods and assessment.

  7. Quality assurance for environmental analytical chemistry: 1980

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gladney, E.S.; Goode, W.E.; Perrin, D.R.; Burns, C.E.

    1981-09-01

    The continuing quality assurance effort by the Environmental Surveillance Group is presented. Included are all standard materials now in use, their consensus or certified concentrations, quality control charts, and all quality assurance measurements made by H-8 during 1980.

  8. Long term assurance of supply of raw materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The working group discussed the long-term assurance of uranium supply. A number of key questions is presented along with the answers given by representatives of 10 countries and by EC commission. Emphasis is laid on market stability and on the difficulties in adopting to sudden changes in the supply and demand situation

  9. Integrating quality assurance and research and development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Quality assurance programs cannot be transferred from one organization to another without attention to existing cultures and traditions. Introduction of quality assurance programs constitutes a significant change and represents a significant impact on the organizational structure and operational mode. Quality assurance professionals are change agents, but do not know how to be effective ones. Quality assurance as a body of knowledge and experience can only become accepted when its practitioners become familiar with their role as change agents. 8 references

  10. Quality assurance program plan for SNF characterization support project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) provides information on how the Quality Assurance Program is implemented for the Spent Nuclear Fuel Characterization Support Project. This QAPP has been developed specifically for the Spent Nuclear Fuel Characterization Support Project, per Letter of Instruction (LOI) from Duke Engineering and Services Company, letter No. DESH-9655870, dated Nov. 22, 1996. It applies to those items and tasks which affect the completion of activities identified in the work breakdown structure of the Project Management Plan (PMP) and LOI. These activities include installation of sectioning equipment and furnace, surface and subsurface examinations, sectioning for metallography, and element drying and conditioning testing, as well as project related operations within the 327 facility as it relates to the specific activities of this project. General facility activities are covered in other appropriate QA-PPS. In addition, this QAPP supports the related quality assurance activities addressed in CM-2-14, Hazardous Material Packaging and Shipping,1261 and HSRCM-1, Hanford Site Radiological Control Manual. The 327 Building is currently transitioning from being a Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) managed facility to a Babcock and Wilcox Hanford Company (BVMC) managed facility. During this transition process existing procedures and documents will be utilized until replaced by BVMC procedures and documents. These documents conform to the requirements found in PNL-MA-70, Quality Assurance Manual and PNL-MA-8 1, Hazardous Materials Shipping Manual. The Quality Assurance Program Index (QAPI) contained in Table 1 provides a matrix which shows how project activities relate to IO CFR 830.120 and 5700.6C criteria. Quality Assurance program requirements will be addressed separate from the requirements specified in this document. Other Hanford Site organizations/companies may be utilized in support of this project and the subject organizations are

  11. 40 CFR 31.45 - Quality assurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Quality assurance. 31.45 Section 31.45... Requirements Reports, Records, Retention, and Enforcement § 31.45 Quality assurance. If the grantee's project... quality assurance practices consisting of policies, procedures, specifications, standards,...

  12. 40 CFR 30.54 - Quality assurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Quality assurance. 30.54 Section 30.54... NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Post-Award Requirements Reports and Records § 30.54 Quality assurance. If the... data generation, the grantee shall develop and implement quality assurance practices consisting...

  13. 10 CFR 76.93 - Quality assurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Quality assurance. 76.93 Section 76.93 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) CERTIFICATION OF GASEOUS DIFFUSION PLANTS Safety § 76.93 Quality assurance. The Corporation shall establish, maintain, and execute a quality assurance program satisfying each...

  14. Solar consumer assurance network briefing book

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Connor, Lynda

    1980-06-01

    Background information is provided on the rationale and purpose of the Solar Consumer Assurance Network (SOLCAN) program. Mechanisms being instituted by states to meet solar consumer assurance needs are identified. Mechanisms being developed with Federal government support to encourage solar consumer assurance activities are described. The operation of the FY 80 SOLCAN effort is described. (MHR)

  15. Quality Assurance Systems in Education and Training in Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voinia, Claudiu Sorin; Tuşa, Ana; Simion, Carmen

    2014-11-01

    Member States have a duty to compare and learn more about the national education and professional training. The objectives of this paper were to identify specific characteristics, developments and highlighting key priorities in coordinating the development of specific quality assurance processes in the European Union. The aim of this work was to present the quality assurance systems in vocational education and training systems in the Member States of the European Union. The results were to identify the extent to which national initiatives of EU member States show interest in the quality of education. Data from research can be useful in developing strategic sector development programs, and local schools

  16. Development, implementation and quality assurance of biokinetic models within CONRAD

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The work of the Task Group 5.2 'Research Studies on Biokinetic Models' of the CONRAD project is presented. New biokinetic models have been implemented by several European institutions. Quality assurance procedures included intercomparison of the results as well as quality assurance of model formulation. Additionally, the use of the models was examined leading to proposals of tuning parameters. Stable isotope studies were evaluated with respect to their implications to the new models, and new biokinetic models were proposed on the basis of their results. Furthermore, the development of a biokinetic model describing the effects of decorporation of actinides by diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid treatment was initiated. (authors)

  17. Popular Education and the "Party Line"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boughton, Bob

    2013-01-01

    Popular education, by which is meant adult education within and in support of radical social movements, has become a major topic in academic adult education in recent times. This paper criticises the lack of attention paid in most of this writing to the history, theory and practice of revolutionary parties in the communist and socialist tradition.…

  18. Cornerstone Third Party Alternative Cost Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vrieling, P. Douglas [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2013-10-15

    The attached cost analyses sheets have been developed for use in planning during the Third Party Alternative study currently underway for the Sandia CREATE project. This cost analysis builds upon the previously submitted base estimate dated June 14, 2013 and includes comparison information collected during a Market Validation exercise conducted in August/September 2013.

  19. The Phonetic Rhetoric in The Garden Party

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪婷; 尹静

    2015-01-01

    Katherine Mansfield is a prominent modernist writer. The Garden Party is one of important short stories she wrote in 1921. The story is full of musicality. What’s more, the phonation, stress and intonation of words make the passage possess consis⁃tency with the growth of Laura’s inner heart, that is from excitement, hesitation to peaceful after realization.

  20. Capuchin Monkeys Judge Third-Party Reciprocity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, James R.; Takimoto, Ayaka; Kuroshima, Hika; Fujita, Kazuo

    2013-01-01

    Increasing interest is being shown in how children develop an understanding of reciprocity in social exchanges and fairness in resource distribution, including social exchanges between third parties. Although there are descriptions of reciprocity on a one-to-one basis in other species, whether nonhumans detect reciprocity and violations of…

  1. Mission assurance increased with regression testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lang, R.; Spezio, M.

    - C based and big endian. The presence of byte swap issues that might not have been identified in the required software changes was very real and can be difficult to find. The ability to have test designs that would exercise all major functions and operations was invaluable to assure that critical operations and tools would operate as they had since first operational use. With the longevity of the mission also came the realization that the original ISAT team would not be the people working on the ISAT regression testing. The ability to have access to all original test designs and test results identified in the regression test suite greatly improved the ability to identify not only the expected system behavior, but also the actual behavior with the old architecture. So in summary, this paper will discuss the importance, practicality, and results achieved by having a well-defined regression test available to assure the New Horizons Mission Operations Control system continues to meet its functional requirements to support the mission objectives.

  2. The problem with party finance : theoretical perspectives on the funding of party politics

    OpenAIRE

    Hopkin, Jonathan

    2004-01-01

    This article presents some theoretical contours for the study of party finance and its consequences. Two broad issues are explored. First, the article develops an account of changes in patterns of party finance, and in particular the move away from the ‘mass party’ model of funding towards ‘elite party’ and ‘cartel party’ models. Party finance is conceptualized as a collective action problem, and four ‘post-mass party’ financial strategies are identified. Second, the article addresses normati...

  3. NIF Projects Controls and Information Systems Software Quality Assurance Plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Quality achievement for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) and the National Ignition Campaign (NIC) is the responsibility of the NIF Projects line organization as described in the NIF and Photon Science Directorate Quality Assurance Plan (NIF QA Plan). This Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP) is subordinate to the NIF QA Plan and establishes quality assurance (QA) activities for the software subsystems within Controls and Information Systems (CIS). This SQAP implements an activity level software quality assurance plan for NIF Projects as required by the LLNL Institutional Software Quality Assurance Program (ISQAP). Planned QA activities help achieve, assess, and maintain appropriate quality of software developed and/or acquired for control systems, shot data systems, laser performance modeling systems, business applications, industrial control and safety systems, and information technology systems. The objective of this SQAP is to ensure that appropriate controls are developed and implemented for management planning, work execution, and quality assessment of the CIS organization's software activities. The CIS line organization places special QA emphasis on rigorous configuration control, change management, testing, and issue tracking to help achieve its quality goals.

  4. NIF Projects Controls and Information Systems Software Quality Assurance Plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fishler, B

    2011-03-18

    Quality achievement for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) and the National Ignition Campaign (NIC) is the responsibility of the NIF Projects line organization as described in the NIF and Photon Science Directorate Quality Assurance Plan (NIF QA Plan). This Software Quality Assurance Plan (SQAP) is subordinate to the NIF QA Plan and establishes quality assurance (QA) activities for the software subsystems within Controls and Information Systems (CIS). This SQAP implements an activity level software quality assurance plan for NIF Projects as required by the LLNL Institutional Software Quality Assurance Program (ISQAP). Planned QA activities help achieve, assess, and maintain appropriate quality of software developed and/or acquired for control systems, shot data systems, laser performance modeling systems, business applications, industrial control and safety systems, and information technology systems. The objective of this SQAP is to ensure that appropriate controls are developed and implemented for management planning, work execution, and quality assessment of the CIS organization's software activities. The CIS line organization places special QA emphasis on rigorous configuration control, change management, testing, and issue tracking to help achieve its quality goals.

  5. Quality management and quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main common difficulties are presented found in the implementation of effective Quality Management and Quality Assurance Programmes, based on the recommendations of the IAEA International Nuclear Safety Advisory Group, the information collected by the IAEA experts participating in its meetings, and the results of the IAEA Operational Safety Review Team missions. The difficulties were identified in several areas. The most relevant root causes can be characterized as lack of understanding of quality principles and difficulty in implementation by the responsible management. The IAEA programme is described attempting to provide advice and support in the implementation of an effective quality programme through a number of activities including: preparation of practical guidelines, training programmes for management personnel, assistance in building up qualified manpower, and promoting the quest for excellence through the exchange of experience in the implementation of effective Quality Management and Quality Assurance Programmes in nuclear power plants with good performance records. (Z.S.)

  6. New techniques in quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    GPU Nuclear Corp. has a multifaceted quality assurance (QA) program. This program includes a comprehensive QA organization to help ensure its implementation. The QA organization employs various techniques in assuring quality at GPU Nuclear. These techniques not only include the typical QA/quality-control verification activities, i.e., QA engineering, quality control, and audits, but also include some new innovative techniques. Several new techniques have been developed for verifying activities. These techniques include monitoring and functional audits of safety systems. Several new techniques for assessing performance and adequacy and effectiveness of plant and QA programs, such as plant assessments and QA systems engineering evaluations, have also been developed. This paper provides an overview of these and other new techniques being employed by GPU Nuclear's QA organization

  7. Requirement Assurance: A Verification Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, Michael G.

    2011-01-01

    Requirement Assurance is an act of requirement verification which assures the stakeholder or customer that a product requirement has produced its "as realized product" and has been verified with conclusive evidence. Product requirement verification answers the question, "did the product meet the stated specification, performance, or design documentation?". In order to ensure the system was built correctly, the practicing system engineer must verify each product requirement using verification methods of inspection, analysis, demonstration, or test. The products of these methods are the "verification artifacts" or "closure artifacts" which are the objective evidence needed to prove the product requirements meet the verification success criteria. Institutional direction is given to the System Engineer in NPR 7123.1A NASA Systems Engineering Processes and Requirements with regards to the requirement verification process. In response, the verification methodology offered in this report meets both the institutional process and requirement verification best practices.

  8. Quality assurance in the design

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    System- and product-related quality assurance measures are completing one another. Certainly it is possible to detect a lot of defects in the single technical document by well controlled product related quality inspections and to avoid the consequences of these defects; but also a not unimportant part of defects and deviations has its origin in system linked deficiencies. The latter can be detected more easily and more securely by means of system related reviews (System audit, Product audit). But also the sole implementation of system related quality assurance measures keeps the danger to get stuck only in formality and to loose all references to the specific characteristics of the product. (orig./RW)

  9. Quality assurance in X-ray mammography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Introduction: Breast Cancer (BC) is the most common cancer in the country, with a smooth upward trend. X-ray mammography is the gold standard in the diagnosis of breast cancer. The study was carried out with X-ray radiation with certain degree of risk of radiation carcinogenesis in a patient. There are international recommendations setting high requirements for the quality of mammography. What you will learn: In 2006 the fourth edition of the European recommendations for ensuring quality in screening and diagnosis of breast cancer was published. It stipulates the requirements to both technical and physical aspects of mammography screening and the quality of work of the radiologist, technologist, pathologist and surgeon. Some multidisciplinary aspects of quality assurance in the diagnostic process are discussed. Discussion: Some often neglected aspects in quality are discussed. A standard plexiglas phantom for each mammography system for daily tests holding of image quality and dose evaluation is necessary. In the dark room appropriate equipment for assessment of the developing process has be available, as often it is the main reason for the poor quality of the mammographic images. In digital mammography the conditions for mammograms reading - light and brightness of the room and equipment and monitor quality are neglected. Conclusion: One of the basic principles of radiation protection in diagnostic radiology required to obtain images with the necessary diagnostic information with minimal exposure to the patient. This is possible only in compliance with all aspects of quality assurance in X-ray mammography

  10. Hanford analytical services quality assurance requirements documents. Volume 1: Administrative Requirements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hanford Analytical Services Quality Assurance Requirements Document (HASQARD) is issued by the Analytical Services, Program of the Waste Management Division, US Department of Energy (US DOE), Richland Operations Office (DOE-RL). The HASQARD establishes quality requirements in response to DOE Order 5700.6C (DOE 1991b). The HASQARD is designed to meet the needs of DOE-RL for maintaining a consistent level of quality for sampling and field and laboratory analytical services provided by contractor and commercial field and laboratory analytical operations. The HASQARD serves as the quality basis for all sampling and field/laboratory analytical services provided to DOE-RL through the Analytical Services Program of the Waste Management Division in support of Hanford Site environmental cleanup efforts. This includes work performed by contractor and commercial laboratories and covers radiological and nonradiological analyses. The HASQARD applies to field sampling, field analysis, and research and development activities that support work conducted under the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order Tri-Party Agreement and regulatory permit applications and applicable permit requirements described in subsections of this volume. The HASQARD applies to work done to support process chemistry analysis (e.g., ongoing site waste treatment and characterization operations) and research and development projects related to Hanford Site environmental cleanup activities. This ensures a uniform quality umbrella to analytical site activities predicated on the concepts contained in the HASQARD. Using HASQARD will ensure data of known quality and technical defensibility of the methods used to obtain that data. The HASQARD is made up of four volumes: Volume 1, Administrative Requirements; Volume 2, Sampling Technical Requirements; Volume 3, Field Analytical Technical Requirements; and Volume 4, Laboratory Technical Requirements. Volume 1 describes the administrative requirements

  11. Handbook for Inspectors Quality Assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The contents of this book are regulatory requirements and guidelines including comparison of 10 CFR 50 and ASME section III, determination and applicable codes and standards about current code applicability and instructions of use of figure 1 chart. Also it includes CROSS Reference of regulatory guides and ANSI standards applicable to quality assurance in table 1, applicable IEEE standards for QA with brief description of purpose in table 2, reporting of defects and Noncompliance - 10 CFR 21 and reporting significant deficiencies.

  12. Developing a quality assurance metric

    OpenAIRE

    Love, Steve; Scoble, Rosa

    2006-01-01

    Abstract There are a variety of techniques that lecturers can use to get feedback on their teaching - for example, module feedback and coursework results. However, a question arises about how reliable and valid are the content that goes into these quality assurance metrics. The aim of this article is to present a new approach for collecting and analysing qualitative feedback from students that could be used...

  13. Quality assurance in preschool surveillance.

    OpenAIRE

    Wearmouth, E M; Lambert, P; Morland, R

    1994-01-01

    A quality assurance programme was used to evaluate community and primary care based preschool surveillance using the National Child Health Computer System in 40 examination centres. Quarterly reports were generated from returns from clinical medical officers and general practitioners to list non-attenders, uptake, and timeliness for the four preschool checks. These provided rapid and comparative feedback on personal performance for participating health professionals and led to marked rises in...

  14. Input control of incoming equipment and materials as the system of the quality and reliability assurance of construction of the Belarusian nuclear power plant. Organization of control of performing work at NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the most important issues related to construction and maintenance of nuclear power plant, is the input control of materials and equipment. Input control equipment on the station under construction is carried out to check the functioning of the equipment after the transportation or storage in warehouse, before mounting it in the workplace. Because the Republic of Belarus builds the first power station, should focus on acceptance of technological equipment, construction and assembly work, packaging test equipment, the establishment of regional and industrial laboratories of destructive and nondestructive testing, training specialists on nondestructive testing. This article describes the basic organization problems of input control and requirements for training specialists. (authors).

  15. Metrology assurance of atomic energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The metrology assurance of the Kozloduy NPP is at a satisfactory level. The assessment is carried out following the requirements of both the authorized bodies and the recent acting documents. Considering the future development of the nuclear energy and the new demands towards nuclear safety, the metrology assurance of atomic energy needs some improvement. A thorough set of measures should be developed as: preparing of standard documentation, personnel education, purchase of new highly accurate appliances, and providing conditions for the fulfillment of some qualified metrology activities. This will take an extremely difficult and long period of time with respect to the country circumstances, the energy generation and the variety of reorganizations in all management spheres. Prerequisite for this are: the metrologist' desire to fulfill the above tasks, the NPP administration concern and actions to solve the metrology assurance problems, the understanding from the authorized bodies and other scientific institutions and the assistance on the part of some western countries, mainly France. A leading part in fulfilling this problems should be played by the NEC-SA - Kozloduy NPP. (author)

  16. 48 CFR 246.470 - Government contract quality assurance actions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... quality assurance actions. 246.470 Section 246.470 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance 246.470 Government contract quality assurance actions....

  17. Quality assurance of custom software solutions

    OpenAIRE

    Herblan, Miha

    2014-01-01

    In thesis we look at problem of software quality assurance, especially when it comes to custom solutions projects. First we look at what quality assurance is, how do we mesure it and specialty why we do it. Afterwards we go through main principles, that apply when dealing with quality assurance in general. Since quality assurance is extensive topic, we take more detailed look on one part of quality assurance that is mostly used, that is testing of software. Because we are talking about softwa...

  18. Quality Assurance Programme for Digital Mammography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The application of radiation for the diagnosis and treatment of disease is an important component of the work of the IAEA. In the area of diagnostic radiology, this work is focused on quality assurance (QA) methods to promote the effective use of radiation for diagnostic outcome through achieving and maintaining appropriate image quality, and on dose determination to allow the monitoring and reduction of dose to the patient. The role of mammography in the timely detection of breast cancer is well established. Recent technological developments have seen extensive application of digital techniques to mammography in many Member States. This technology allows remote diagnosis, thus improving patient outcomes in remote or under-resourced settings. The need for QA of and technical information on digital mammography is critical, as many of the implications of a transition to digital technology are not well understood. Currently there is a small number of QA protocols in digital mammography that apply to limited national and regional settings. Many Member States, therefore, have requested guidance in this area. In responding to these requests, the current publication was written with the aim of presenting an internationally harmonized approach to QA in the field. This approach will allow Member States to implement QA of mammography in a standardized way. This is needed to improve the effectiveness of national programmes that underpin population screening in the fight against breast cancer. This publication on QA of digital mammography was developed as a companion to the recently published Quality Assurance Programme for Screen Film Mammography (IAEA Human Health Series No. 2) and follows the same format and style. Since 2007, the IAEA has convened three consultants meetings to prepare the present publication. Additional work undertaken by this group includes the field testing of a number of new phantoms and test equipment developed for the digital environment, and the

  19. Changing the Safety and Mission Assurance (S and MA) Paradigm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malone, Roy W.; Safie, Fayssal M.

    2010-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the change in the work and impact of the Safety and Mission Assurance directorate at Marshall Space Flight Center. It reviews the background and the reasons given for a strong Safety & Mission Assurance presence in all planning for space flight. This was pointed out by the Rogers Commission Report after the Space Challenger accident, by the Columbia Accident Investigation Board (CAIB) and by a 2006 NASA Exploration Safety Study (NESS) Team. The overall objective of the work in this area was to improve and maintain S&MA expertise and skills. Training for this work was improved and the S&MA organization was reorganized. This has resulted in a paradigm shift for NASA's safety efforts, which is described. The presentation then reviews the impact of the new S&MA work in the Ares I design and development.

  20. Relevant aspects of a quality assurance program applied to a nuclear power plant operation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this work was to enumerate the most relevant subjects to be taken into account for the elaboration of a Quality Assurance Program aimed to regulate a nuclear power plant operation. At first, it was necessary to point out the relevance that implies the presence of a group of personnel, experienced in quality assurance with enough knowledge on the technical and organizing aspects of the plant. Other aspect to be taken into account was the contemplation of the international requirements, through the International Atomic Energy Agency and of the national requirements that each country had set up by the corresponding regulating agencies. These organizations pointed out the minimum rules that must be followed for the adequate and efficient execution of a program. The Quality Assurance Manual and the program and work procedures constituted the Quality Assurance Program which must be checked as regards its fulfillment by auditors and quality assurance supervisions. (Author)

  1. Quality assurance program plan for the Site Physical and Electrical Calibration Services Lab. Revision 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) is organized to address WHC's implementation of quality assurance requirements as they are presented as interpretive guidance endorsed by the Department of Energy (DOE) Field Office, Richland DOE Order 5700.6C Quality Assurance. The quality assurance requirements presented in this plan will assure Measuring and Test Equipment (M and TE) are in conformance with prescribed technical requirements and that data provided by testing, inspection, or maintenance are valid. This QAPP covers all activities and work elements that are variously called QA, quality control, and quality engineering regardless of the organization performing the work. This QAPP identifies the QA requirements for planning, control, and documentation of operations, modifications, and maintenance of the WHC Site Physical and Electrical Calibration Services Laboratory. The primary function of the WHC Site Physical and Electrical Calibration Services Laboratory is providing calibration, standardization, or repair service of M and TE

  2. Using probabilistic risk assessment to derive financial assurance coverage levels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper presents a risk assessment methodology to characterize the potential costs associated with transportation of low-level radioactive waste (LLRW). An application of this methodology is also provided for illustration. The risk assessment uses as inputs characterizations of (1) waste shipments by type of vehicle; and (2) environmental settings by generic route. The risk assessment analyzes potential events (e.g., small accident enroute) and their consequences (e.g., dispersion of released materials and subsequent human exposure) for each transport configuration (i.e., combination of vehicle type and generic route). Finally, the risk assessment estimates the probability and magnitude of corrective action costs (e.g., for cleanup of property and the environment) and third-party compensation costs (e.g., for bodily injury and property damage) attached to the consequences of each event. These estimates are then combined with the estimates of the probability of each event to construct a cost curve for corrective action costs and third-party compensation costs. Using these cost curves, financial assurance coverage levels can be derived by specifying a not-to-be-exceeded likelihood that potential costs would exceed the coverage amount

  3. Public funding of political parties when campaigns are informative

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ortín, Ignacio Ortuño; Schultz, Christian

    The paper considers public funding of political parties when some voters are poorly informed about parties’ candidates and campaigns are informative. For symmetric equilibria, it is shown that more pub- lic funding leads parties to chose more moderate candidates, and that an increase in the funding......’s dependence on vote shares induces fur- ther moderation and improves welfare. If parties are asymmetric, vote share dependent public funding bene…ts the large party and makes it moderate its candidate, while the smaller party reacts by choosing a more extremist candidate. On balance, however, if the parties...

  4. Populism in Iceland: Has the Progressive Party turned populist?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eiríkur Bergmann

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Though nationalism has always been strong in Iceland, populist political parties did not emerge as a viable force until after the financial crisis of 2008. On wave of the crisis a completely renewed leadership took over the country’s old agrarian party, the Progressive Party (PP, which was rapidly transformed in a more populist direction. Still the PP is perhaps more firmly nationalist than populist. However, when analyzing communicational changes of the new postcrisis leadership it is unavoidable to categorize the party amongst at least the softer version of European populist parties, perhaps closest to the Norwegian Progress Party.

  5. Intelligent Collaborative Quality Assurance System for Wind Turbine Supply Chain Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B.L. SONG

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available To determine the root causes or sources of variance of bad quality in supply chains is usually more difficult because multiple parties are involved in the current global manufacturing environment. Each component within a supply chain tends to focus on its own responsibilities and ignores possibilities for interconnectivity and therefore the potential for systematic quality assurance and quality tracing. Rather than concentrating on assigning responsibility for “recall” incidents, it would be better to expend that energy on constructing a collaborative system to assure product quality by employing a systematic view for the entire supply chain. This paper presents a systematic framework for intelligent collaborative quality assurance throughout an entire supply chain based on an expert system for implementing two levels of quality assurance: system level and component level. This proposed system provides intelligent functions for quality prediction, pattern recognition and data mining. A case study for wind turbines is given to demonstrate this approach. The results show that such a system can assure product quality improved in a continuous process.

  6. Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) Waste Management Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    VOLKMAN, D.D.

    1999-10-27

    This document is the Quality Assurance Program Plan (QAPP) for Waste Management Federal Services of Hanford, Inc. (WMH), that implements the requirements of the Project Hanford Management Contract (PHMC), HNF-MP-599, Project Hanford Quality Assurance Program Description (QAPD) document, and the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement with Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement), Sections 6.5 and 7.8. WHM is responsible for the treatment, storage, and disposal of liquid and solid wastes generated at the Hanford Site as well as those wastes received from other US Department of Energy (DOE) and non-DOE sites. WMH operations include the Low-Level Burial Grounds, Central Waste Complex (a mixed-waste storage complex), a nonradioactive dangerous waste storage facility, the Transuranic Storage Facility, T Plant, Waste Receiving and Processing Facility, 200 Area Liquid Effluent Facility, 200 Area Treated Effluent Disposal Facility, the Liquid Effluent Retention Facility, the 242-A Evaporator, 300 Area Treatment Effluent Disposal Facility, the 340 Facility (a radioactive liquid waste handling facility), 222-S Laboratory, the Waste Sampling and Characterization Facility, and the Hanford TRU Waste Program.

  7. Politics without parties : political change and democracy building in Egypt before and after the revolution

    OpenAIRE

    COLLOMBIER, Virginie

    2013-01-01

    This working paper is the first draft of a work in progress on party politics in contemporary Egypt. Written in early 2013, following the first round of free elections to take place after Hosni Mubarak had been ousted from power, it focuses on non-Islamist parties, their development and their role in political change before and after the popular uprising of 2011. It shows that since 2011, similarly throughout the 2000s, political mobilization in the non-Islamist sphere has mostly happened thr...

  8. Quality assurance in central nuclear power plant control systems. (Status report containing proposed enhancements for KTA rules)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    All enterprises investigated observe the requirements laid down in KTA 1401. In most cases, the quality assurance systems and measures applied even go beyond the requirements of KTA 1401, especially in those enterprises working primarily for export and having to meet foreign quality assurance standards. Quality assurance measures in these enterprises are based primarily on 10 CFR 50, App.B and related rules and standards (e.g. ANSI N 54.2; NUREG 75/087). Internal quality assurance in these enterprises is organized on the basis of graphic flow diagrams which are even presented in the quality assurance manuals. These flow diagrams, in contrast to the German KTA rules, meet the international standards for quality assurance. KTA 1401 requirements not sufficiently met are, e.g. the operator audits with plant producers and unit and equipment producer audits with component producers. The report presents hints for improvements of the quality assurance concept in control systems engineering. (orig./HP)

  9. Quality assurance in radiation therapy: physical aspects

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Svensson, H.

    1984-06-01

    The present status of the quality assurance work regarding the physical aspects in radiation treatment is discussed. In particular, the situation in Europe is surveyed. An analysis of the errors in the delivered absorbed dose to a specified point in the irradiated patient shows that the uncertainty, to approximately the same degree, depends on the dose distribution determination, the dose planning and the patient irradiation. Following the procedure generally in use, the overall uncertainty will be about 8%. The random uncertainties are estimated as one standard deviation and non-random uncertainties to corresponding degree of uncertainty. It is argued that this level must be improved. Furthermore, dose intercomparisons show that in reality much larger errors occur in clinical practice. Different means to improve the situation are discussed.

  10. High-Assurance Software: LDRD Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hulette, Geoffrey Compton

    2014-06-01

    This report summarizes our work on methods for developing high-assurance digital systems. We present an approach for understanding and evaluating trust issues in digital systems, and for us- ing computer-checked proofs as a means for realizing this approach. We describe the theoretical background for programming with proofs based on the Curry-Howard correspondence, connect- ing the field of logic and proof theory to programs. We then describe a series of case studies, intended to demonstrate how this approach might be adopted in practice. In particular, our stud- ies elucidate some of the challenges that arise with this style of certified programming, including induction principles, generic programming, termination requirements, and reasoning over infinite state spaces.

  11. Preservation of knowledge: general principals, methodology and application in nuclear industry. Working material. Report prepared within the framework of the Programmes: C.3. Nuclear Knowledge Management and A.2. Improving Quality Assurance, Technical Infrastructure and Human Performance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There is an immediate need to preserve existing knowledge in nuclear science and technology for peaceful applications for future generations, as it represents a valuable human capital asset. The development of an exciting vision for nuclear technology is prerequisite for attracting young scientists and professionals to seek careers in nuclear science and technology. Irrespective of current national energy policies, the need to maintain or even enhance the nuclear knowledge base and national capability will persist. In this way, the knowledge base will be available to meet requirements for evolving policy development. A number of IAEA advisory committees and technical meetings stressed the importance of preserving and further enhancing nuclear science and technology for socio-economic development. For nuclear science and technology to contribute to sustainable development requires knowledge and capacity on three levels: (a) basic nuclear science, (b) technology, (c) engineering and operation. There was unanimous consensus that IAEA has an obligation to lead activities towards preservation and enhancement of nuclear knowledge by complementing, and as appropriate supplementing, activities by governments, industry, academia and international organizations. International co-operation is of vital importance. Unless action is taken now, invaluable assets in critical nuclear knowledge and capacity will soon be lost. The IAEA is developing guidance documents on nuclear knowledge management including knowledge preservation and knowledge transfer in nuclear sector. This activity would assist nuclear organizations in MS to effectively apply this guidance, and to assist them in benchmarking their practices against those of other industry organizations. The present Working Material provides general principals for knowledge preservation in nuclear sector, which could be applied in different nuclear organization and in particular in Nuclear Power Plants

  12. Measuring Service Individuality in Third Party

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hsuan, Juliana; Prockl, Günter

    2013-01-01

    Purpose - 3PL services are more or less individually designed bundles of logistics operations that are provided on the basis of a long term relationship between logistics service providers and their clients mostly in industry and retail. The appropriate degree of the individuality is however...... the more common elements is seen as a major success factor for the design of the service propositions. Design/methodology/approach - The explorative paper is combining major elements and frameworks from different interdisciplinary research streams, such as modularity and service design and adapts them...... to the subject of third party logistics. Findings - As a major result the paper is providing a conceptual model for the systematic and formal description of modularity and individuality in the configuration of third party logistics services. The model thus serves as a tool to classify and categorize...

  13. Leakage Resilient Secure Two-Party Computation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgård, Ivan Bjerre; Hazay, Carmit; Patra, Arpita

    2012-01-01

    returns its result. Almost independently of secure computation, the area of {\\em leakage resilient cryptography} has recently been evolving intensively, studying the question of designing cryptographic primitives that remain secure even when some information about the secret key is leaked. In this paper....... \\item {\\em Leakage resilient oblivious transfer.} We present the first construction for 1-out-of-2 oblivious transfer with security against leakage of a constant fraction of the honest party's memory. Our protocol is based on the OT construction presented by Peikert et al.~\\cite{PeikertVW08}. \\item {\\em...... Leakage resilient Yao's Garbled Circuit~\\cite{Yao82}.} We provide the first general construction for secure two-party computation and show how to adapt the proof from~\\cite{LP09} of Yao's protocol into the leakage resilient setting. Our result holds for a restricted set of functions due to technicalities...

  14. Ombuds’ corner: the third party, the institution

    CERN Multimedia

    Vincent Vuillemin

    2012-01-01

    “The Ombuds shall provide confidential assistance for the informal resolution of interpersonal issues, in the interests of the good functioning of CERN.”*   In any institution, conflicts are inevitable. They can, however, offer an opportunity for a positive resolution. Relationships in a workplace are generally better and stronger between people who have been able to reach a positive resolution of their disagreement, than they are between people who get along moderately well. However, in disputes involving two antagonistic parties, people often forget that there is actually a third party behind the scenes: the institution. It is sometimes surprising to see that even people holding management responsibilities or hierarchical positions in projects fight each other, and completely forget that they are accountable for the good functioning of CERN. Commitment and professionalism are part of the five priority values of CERN, as expressed in its Code of Conduct: “Promot...

  15. REFLECTIONS ON WAGAR ' S WORLD PARTY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert Bergesen

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Our task is to reflect upon Wagar's idea of a world party. In case such reflections are affected by the recent historical situation of the collapse of communism/existing socialism in 1989 and the implications this has for visions of progressive politics going into the 21st century. This event colors most political thinking, although for many the response has been that existing socialism was not real socialism, or that existing socialism was but the Stalinist deformation that, if avoided in the future, the 1917 project could again be resumed and human history and social relations remade anew. I don't see it that way. What existing socialism stood for in terms of the role of a vanguard party taking state power for the larger good is, now after the fall, I think off the board as a realistic program that can be sold to anyone.

  16. Parteilisest tsensuurist Nõukogude Eestis. Party Censorship in Soviet Estonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiiu Kreegipuu

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available During the years of imposed Soviet rule in Estonia from 1940 to its collapse in 1991, Estonian culture and the written word were subject to Soviet censorship which due to its perseverance, extent and rigidity constrained creativity and self-expression. At the same time, archival documents and memories testify that considerable shifting could take place within this censorship which on the surface appeared strict and regulated, depending on the general ideological stance and the officials and party functionaries in place at the time. Soviet censorship is usually studied and described with the activities of the censorship office Glavlit as the focal point. However, for a more complete overview, it would be wise to keep in mind that a whole row of other institutions and authorities with the Communist Party in front also were involved in censorship matters. When it came to censorship, it was the party that had the final word – as it did with everything else – and if needed, it also acted as punisher. Apart from the role of censor, the Communist Party, its departments (with the Department for Propaganda and Agitation or Ideology in front and its officials also took part in hands-on censorship work, both in terms of decision-making and in dealing with concrete incidents (breach of censorship rules and censor mistakes but also in the search for and pointing out of ideological flaws. One area in which the party’s censorship activities manifested itself in a rather vivid manner was the leadership and control of the Soviet press. When analysing materials from the bureau of the Communist Party of Estonia’s Central Committee, it becomes clear that the party’s governing organs were constantly active in this area. The manifestation of problems and discussion of flaws here point to the circumstance that journalists and editors did not accept the censorship rules, but rather tried to find possibilities and means through which to modify or ignore them

  17. 端正大学生入党动机的方法研究%Proper Way to Study College Students Motivation to Join the Party

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王慧媛

    2015-01-01

    College students motivation to join the party correctly is college party work worker will have deep thinking and research problems. Right and pure motivation to join the party is the party member cadre development basic premise which determines a fundamental belief of Party members and the world outlook, the outlook on life, values. Not only do college students party members in the organization to join the party, join the party from thought. As a college party work worker, how to correct college students motivation to join the party is a burning question.%大学生入党动机是否正确是高校党务工作者必须深刻思考和研究的问题。正确、纯正的入党动机是党务工作者发展党员的基本前提,它决定了一个党员的基本信仰以及世界观、人生观、价值观,大学生党员不仅要在组织上入党,更要从思想上入党。作为一名高校党务工作者,如何端正大学生入党动机是一个亟待解决的问题。

  18. An evaluation of New Zealand political party Websites.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew Conway

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available In a very short time, Websites have become vital campaign and communication tools for political parties around the world. This study examines the effectiveness of the Websites of New Zealand political parties, focusing on the functions that the parties were performing online and on how effectively they were delivering these functions. The research was designed to provide a quantitative evaluation of party Websites and to allow for longitudinal comparisons and comparisons between countries. Using a coding scheme that measured 50 different criteria numerically, providing for objective evaluation and comparison, the study found that New Zealand political parties were not using the Internet effectively, mainly because most were using their Websites for information provision, yet were not providing the tools required to make this information as accessible as possible. The research also found that the major parties were using their Websites more effectively than the minor and non-parliamentary parties, but the most effective Website belonged to the Green Party.

  19. The historiography of the Black Panther party

    OpenAIRE

    Street, Joe

    2010-01-01

    This article examines forty years of historical writing on the Black Panther Party (BPP), arguing that this historiography has now reached maturity. It evaluates key publications on the BPP, splitting the historiography into three periods. The first phase, the article asserts, was dominated by accounts written by participants and observers of the BPP in action. These offered insight into the personalities of the BPP leadership but included relatively little on other BPP members. They were sup...

  20. QUALITY ASSURANCE GUIDELINES FOR LABORATORIES PERFORMING FORENSIC ANALYSIS OF CHEMICAL TERRORISM

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Scientific Working Group on Forensic Analysis of Chemical Terrorism (SWGFACT) has developed the following quality assurance guidelines to provide laboratories engaged in forensic analysis of chemical evidence associated with terrorism a framework to implement a quality assura...

  1. Social Networks and Political Parties in Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adler Lomnitz, Larissa

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the origin and evolution of two Chilean political parties (the Radical Party and the Christian Democrat Party through the analysis of the social networks that originated and composed them. The aim of this study is to propose a model of national political cultures on the basis of the structure of social networks related to power and of the symbol system, which legitimizes it. The structure of social networks, horizontal and vertical, are based on reciprocal or redistributive forms of exchange, on what is being exchanged and on the articulation between networks. In every society there are symmetrical and asymmetrical exchanges, which produce horizontal and vertical networks. These networks interact among themselves to form the social fabric. The dominance of some over others and how they combine, delineate the character of the political culture (authoritarian vs. egalitarian. Chile is a multiparty country within which there are cohorts of horizontal groups of friends, who informally exercise a central control over their members and create invisible boundaries setting them apart from others, in which leadership is under constrains. The result is both a strong presidential system based on an almost fanatic legitimacy, combined with factionalism and a strong parliamentary system.

  2. 探讨高校党建工作的创新%Discussion of the university party construction innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季芳

    2014-01-01

    随着社会发展和时代的变革,各高校所开展的党建工作未能紧跟时代步伐,促使高校党建工作实施效果不佳。对此,加强高效党建工作创新尤为必要。本文就如何进行高校党建工作创新进行分析和探讨。%Along with the social development and the change of the times, universities have failed to keep up the pace of party construction work, the work of party construction in colleges and universities to implement the effect not beautiful. Innovation is necessary to strengthen the party construction of efficient work. In this paper, how to make the university party construction innovation are analyzed and discussed.

  3. Digital radiography for quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The digital radiographic system AMICA-401 is described. It is a mobile system originally developed for wall thickness and diameter measurements of insulated and non-insulated pipes which is also suited for quality assurance in fabrication and maintenance. Its advantages are immediate evaluation of images, very short exposure times with reduced radiation loads, and an efficient integrated image processing software. Further, no chemical substances are required for film processing. The system can be used both in mobile and in stationary applications. Practical examples are presented and discussed. (orig.)

  4. Quality assurance and statistical control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heydorn, K.

    1991-01-01

    In scientific research laboratories it is rarely possible to use quality assurance schemes, developed for large-scale analysis. Instead methods have been developed to control the quality of modest numbers of analytical results by relying on statistical control: Analysis of precision serves to...... through the origo. Calibration control is an essential link in the traceability of results. Only one or two samples of pure solid or aqueous standards with accurately known content need to be analyzed. Verification is carried out by analyzing certified reference materials from BCR, NIST, or others; their...

  5. Quality assurance in digital radiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At present, there is no standard way of evaluating performance characteristics of digital radiography systems. Continuous measurements of performance parameters are necessary in order to obtain images of high quality. Parameters of quality assurance in digital radiography, which can be evaluated with simple, quick methods, are spatial resolution, low-contrast detectability, dynamic range and exposure dose. Spatial resolution was determined by a lead bar pattern, whereas the other parameters were measured by commercially available phantoms. Performance measurements of 10 digital subtraction angiography (DSA) units and one digital radiography system for unsubtracted digital radiography were assessed. From these results, recommendations for performance parameter levels will be discussed. (author)

  6. Radiation Hardness Assurance (RHA) Guideline

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campola, Michael J.

    2016-01-01

    Radiation Hardness Assurance (RHA) consists of all activities undertaken to ensure that the electronics and materials of a space system perform to their design specifications after exposure to the mission space environment. The subset of interests for NEPP and the REAG, are EEE parts. It is important to register that all of these undertakings are in a feedback loop and require constant iteration and updating throughout the mission life. More detail can be found in the reference materials on applicable test data for usage on parts.

  7. Performance assurance for IT systems

    CERN Document Server

    King, Brian

    2004-01-01

    INDIVIDUAL AREAS OF INTERESTPreparing for the ChallengeAbstractIntroductionIn the BeginningThe Need to Address New ApplicationsDefinition of PerformanceThe Required SkillsPerformance Assurance Within a Project LifecycleSummaryCaveat Emptor (Let the Buyer Beware)AbstractSoftware Product LifecycleHardware Product LifecycleMarketingTechnical Reviews of ProductsLies, Damned Lies and BenchmarksAbstractIntroductionIndustry BenchmarksVendor BenchmarksIndependent BenchmarkingIn-House Benchmarking""Tricks of the Trade""Using Benchmarks Non-Functional Requirements and SolutionsAbstractIntroductionThe Pr

  8. Quality assurance of BNCT dosimetry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Phase I clinical trials for boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) started in May 1999 in Otaniemi, Espoo. For BNCT no uniform international guidance for the quality assurance of dosimetry exists, so far. Because of the complex dose distribution with several different dose components, the international recommendations on conventional radiotherapy dosimetry are not applicable in every part. Therefore, special guidance specifically for BNCT is needed. To obtain such guidelines a European collaboration project has been defined. The aim of the project is a generally accepted Code of Practice for use by all European BNCT centres. This code will introduce the traceability of the dosimetric methods to the international measurement system. It will also ensure the comparability of the results in various BNCT beams and form the basis for the comparison of the treatment results with the conventional radiotherapy or other treatment modalities. The quality assurance of the dosimetry in BNCT in Finland covers each step of the BNCT treatment, which include dose planning imaging, dose planning, boron infusion, boron kinetics, patient positioning, monitoring of the treatment beam, characterising the radiation spectrum, calibration of the beam model and the dosimetric measurements both in patients (in viva measurements) and in various phantoms. The dose planning images are obtained using a MR scanner with MRI sensitive markers and the dose distribution is computed with a dose planning software BNCTRtpe. The program and the treatment beam (DORT) model used have been verified with measurements and validated with MCNP calculations in phantom. Dosimetric intercomparison has been done with the Brookhaven BNCT beam (BMRR). Before every patient irradiation the relationship between the beam monitor pulse rate and neutron fluence rate in the beam is checked by activation measurements. Kinetic models used to estimate the time-behavior of the blood boron concentration have been verified

  9. Graded quality assurance in procurement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Code of Federal Regulations, Part 50, Appendix B, requires every applicant for an operating license to include in its final safety analysis report information pertaining to the managerial and administrative controls to be used to ensure safe operation. This appendix establishes quality assurance requirements for the design, construction, and operation of those structures, systems, and components (SSC) that perform safety-related functions. The activities affecting safety-related SSC functions include designing, purchasing, fabricating, and so forth, Title 10 CFR 50.65 established requirements to ensure that the maintenance activities conducted by licensees are effective. This is also known as the maintenance rule

  10. Quality assurance in digital radiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At present, there is no standard way of evaluating performance characteristics of digital radiography systems. Continuous measurements of performance parameters are necessary in order to obtain images of high quality. Parameters of quality assurance in digital radiography, which can be evaluated with simple, quick methods, are spatial resolution, low-contrast detectability, dynamic range and exposure dose. Spatial resolution as determined by a lead bar pattern whereas other parameters were measured by commercially available phantoms. Performance measurements of 10 digital subtraction angiography (DSA) units and one digital radiography system for unsubtracted digital radiography were assessed. Recommendations for performance parameter levels are discussed. (author)

  11. Information security assurance lifecycle research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIE Cheng-shan; XUJIA Gu-yue; WANG Li

    2007-01-01

    This article proposes that problems of information security are mainly caused by the ineffective integration of people, operation, and technology, and not merely by the poor use of technology. Based on the information lifecycle, a model of the information security assurance lifecycle is presented. The crucial parts of the model are further discussed, with the information risk value and protect level, and the solution in each step of the lifecycle is presented with an ensured information risk level, in term of the integration of people, operation, and technology.

  12. Computer Generated Quality Assurance Reports

    OpenAIRE

    Hoffman, L.; Christenson, J.; Brimley, G.; Woolley, B.; McDonald, K.

    1990-01-01

    For the last 4 years, the Student Health Center at Brigham Young University has maintained its medical records on a computerized system. At present there are over 295,000 records stored on line. This medical data bank is used to generate a number of quality assurance reports designed to monitor the quality of medical care given by physicians and nurse practitioners. The ultimate purpose of these reports will be to attempt to evaluate the cognitive processes used by the clinician to try and pr...

  13. Quality assurance for SPECT systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Quality control is crucial to all aspects of nuclear medicine practice, including the measurement of radioactivity, the preparation of radiopharmaceuticals, the use of instrumentation to obtain images, computations to calculate functional parameters, and the interpretation of the results by the physician. It plays an integral part in fulfilling the regulatory requirement for establishing a comprehensive quality assurance programme as described in the International Basic Safety Standards for Protection against Ionizing Radiation and for the Safety of Radiation Sources. In 1984, the IAEA published IAEA-TECDOC-317, Quality Control of Nuclear Medicine Instruments, which addressed the quality control of radionuclide activity calibrators (also known as dose calibrators), gamma counters, and single and multiprobe counting systems, rectilinear scanners and scintillation cameras. An updated version of IAEA-TECDOC-317 was issued in 1991 as IAEA-TECDOC-602, and this included new chapters on scanner-computer systems and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) systems. The rapidly increasing use of SPECT systems during the 1990s prompted the need for a further update of these publications with special emphasis on SPECT systems, planar scintillation cameras, camera-computer systems and whole body scanning systems. Since rectilinear scanners have already been, or will soon be, phased out in Member States, the current publication excludes them completely. Quality assurance and quality control aspects of instrumentation for radioactivity measurements in nuclear medicine are addressed in Technical Reports Series No. 454, Quality Assurance for Radioactivity Measurement in Nuclear Medicine. The current publication is intended to be a resource for medical physicists, technologists and other healthcare professionals who are responsible for ensuring optimal performance of imaging instruments, particularly SPECT systems, in their respective institutions. It is intended for

  14. The CHPRC Columbia River Protection Project Quality Assurance Project Plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fix, N. J.

    2008-11-30

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory researchers are working on the CHPRC Columbia River Protection Project (hereafter referred to as the Columbia River Project). This is a follow-on project, funded by CH2M Hill Plateau Remediation Company, LLC (CHPRC), to the Fluor Hanford, Inc. Columbia River Protection Project. The work scope consists of a number of CHPRC funded, related projects that are managed under a master project (project number 55109). All contract releases associated with the Fluor Hanford Columbia River Project (Fluor Hanford, Inc. Contract 27647) and the CHPRC Columbia River Project (Contract 36402) will be collected under this master project. Each project within the master project is authorized by a CHPRC contract release that contains the project-specific statement of work. This Quality Assurance Project Plan provides the quality assurance requirements and processes that will be followed by the Columbia River Project staff.

  15. Party system institutionalization and government formation in new democracies

    OpenAIRE

    Savage, Lee Michael

    2016-01-01

    Party systems provide the essential structure of the coalition bargaining environment. Stability in party systems ensures that there are regularities that can be observed in government formation, but most empirical research focuses on established democracies. In new democracies party systems are less institutionalized and interactions between parties are less predictable. This has significant implications for coalition formation. This paper presents the first study of coalition formation in n...

  16. 5 CFR 185.118 - Rights of parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Rights of parties. 185.118 Section 185.118 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 185.118 Rights of parties. Except as otherwise limited by this part, all parties...

  17. 5 CFR 185.114 - Parties to the hearing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Parties to the hearing. 185.114 Section 185.114 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 185.114 Parties to the hearing. (a) The parties to the hearing shall be...

  18. 45 CFR 99.22 - Rights of parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Rights of parties. 99.22 Section 99.22 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE FOR HEARINGS FOR THE CHILD CARE AND DEVELOPMENT FUND Hearing Procedures § 99.22 Rights of parties. All parties may:...

  19. 42 CFR 498.42 - Parties to the hearing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Parties to the hearing. 498.42 Section 498.42 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES... IN THE MEDICAID PROGRAM Hearings § 498.42 Parties to the hearing. The parties to the hearing are...

  20. General polygamy inequality of multi-party quantum entanglement

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Jeong San

    2012-01-01

    Using entanglement of assistance, we establish a general polygamy inequality of multi-party entanglement in arbitrary dimensional quantum systems. For multi-party closed quantum systems, we relate our result with the monogamy of entanglement to show that the entropy of entanglement is an universal entanglement measure that bounds both monogamy and polygamy of multi-party quantum entanglement.

  1. 48 CFR 552.270-3 - Parties To Execute Lease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Parties To Execute Lease... Parties To Execute Lease. As prescribed in 570.602, insert the following provision: Parties To Execute Lease (SEP 1999) (a) If the lease is executed by an attorney, agent, or trustee on behalf of the...

  2. A Study of Quality Assurance Practices in the Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Helen KHOO Chooi Sim; Rozhan M. IDRUS

    2004-01-01

    This article looks at the quality assurance practices amongst three (3) groups of staff in the School of Distance Education, Universiti Sains Malaysia, i.e. lecturers, resident tutors and support staff. 9 dimensions of the Quality Assurance Practices i.e. Staff Development, Planning, Work Process, Team Work, Prioritise Customers, Performance Evaluation, System For Sending Of Learning Materials, System For Receiving Of Assignments From Students and Management of Students’ Records are identifie...

  3. A Study of Quality Assurance Practices in the Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)

    OpenAIRE

    KHOO, Helen; IDRUS, Rozhan M

    2004-01-01

    This article looks at the quality assurance practices amongst three (3) groups of staff in the School of Distance Education, Universiti Sains Malaysia, i.e. lecturers, resident tutors and support staff. 9 dimensions of the Quality Assurance Practices i.e. Staff Development, Planning, Work Process, Team Work, Prioritise Customers, Performance Evaluation, System For Sending Of Learning Materials, System For Receiving Of Assignments From Students and Management of Students’ Records are identifie...

  4. Quality assurance considerations in nuclear waste management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Proper use of quality assurance will provide the basis for an effective management control system for nuclear waste management programs. Control is essential for achieving successful programs free from costly losses and failures and for assuring the public and regulators that the environment and health and safety are being protected. The essence of quality assurance is the conscientious use of planned and systematic actions, based on selecting and applying appropriate requirements from an established quality assurance standard. Developing a quality assurance program consists of using knowledge of the technical and managerial aspects of a project to identify and evaluate risks of loss and failure and then to select appropriate quality assurance requirements that will minimize the risks. Those requirements are integrated into the project planning documents and are carried out as specific actions during the life of the project

  5. Quality assurance in diagnostic ultrasound

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sipilae, Outi, E-mail: outi.sipila@hus.fi [HUS Helsinki Medical Imaging Center, Helsinki University Central Hospital, P.O. Box 340, 00029 HUS (Finland); Mannila, Vilma, E-mail: vilma.mannila@hus.fi [HUS Helsinki Medical Imaging Center, Helsinki University Central Hospital, P.O. Box 340, 00029 HUS (Finland); Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 64, 00014 Helsinki University (Finland); Vartiainen, Eija, E-mail: eija.vartiainen@hus.fi [HUS Helsinki Medical Imaging Center, Helsinki University Central Hospital, P.O. Box 750, 00029 HUS (Finland)

    2011-11-15

    Objective: To setup a practical ultrasound quality assurance protocol in a large radiological center, results from transducer tests, phantom measurements and visual checks for physical faults were compared. Materials and methods: Altogether 151 transducers from 54 ultrasound scanners, from seven different manufacturers, were tested with a Sonora FirstCall aPerio{sup TM} system (Sonora Medical Systems, Inc., Longmont, CO, USA) to detect non-functional elements. Phantom measurements using a CIRS General Purpose Phantom Model 040 (CIRS Tissue Simulation and Phantom Technology, VA, USA) were available for 135 transducers. The transducers and scanners were also checked visually for physical faults. The percentages of defective findings in these tests were computed. Results: Defective results in the FirstCall tests were found in 17% of the 151 transducers, and in 16% of the 135 transducers. Defective image quality resulted with 15% of the transducers, and 25% of the transducers had a physical flaw. In 16% of the scanners, a physical fault elsewhere than in the transducer was found. Seven percent of the transducers had a concurrent defective result both in the FirstCall test and in the phantom measurements, 8% in the FirstCall test and in the visual check, 4% in the phantom measurements and in the visual check, and 2% in all three tests. Conclusion: The tested methods produced partly complementary results and seemed all to be necessary. Thus a quality assurance protocol is forced to be rather labored, and therefore the benefits and costs must be closely followed.

  6. Quality assurance in diagnostic ultrasound

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To setup a practical ultrasound quality assurance protocol in a large radiological center, results from transducer tests, phantom measurements and visual checks for physical faults were compared. Materials and methods: Altogether 151 transducers from 54 ultrasound scanners, from seven different manufacturers, were tested with a Sonora FirstCall aPerioTM system (Sonora Medical Systems, Inc., Longmont, CO, USA) to detect non-functional elements. Phantom measurements using a CIRS General Purpose Phantom Model 040 (CIRS Tissue Simulation and Phantom Technology, VA, USA) were available for 135 transducers. The transducers and scanners were also checked visually for physical faults. The percentages of defective findings in these tests were computed. Results: Defective results in the FirstCall tests were found in 17% of the 151 transducers, and in 16% of the 135 transducers. Defective image quality resulted with 15% of the transducers, and 25% of the transducers had a physical flaw. In 16% of the scanners, a physical fault elsewhere than in the transducer was found. Seven percent of the transducers had a concurrent defective result both in the FirstCall test and in the phantom measurements, 8% in the FirstCall test and in the visual check, 4% in the phantom measurements and in the visual check, and 2% in all three tests. Conclusion: The tested methods produced partly complementary results and seemed all to be necessary. Thus a quality assurance protocol is forced to be rather labored, and therefore the benefits and costs must be closely followed.

  7. Quality assurance for gamma knives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jones, E.D.; Banks, W.W.; Fischer, L.E. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1995-09-01

    This report describes and summarizes the results of a quality assurance (QA) study of the Gamma Knife, a nuclear medical device used for the gamma irradiation of intracranial lesions. Focus was on the physical aspects of QA and did not address issues that are essentially medical, such as patient selection or prescription of dose. A risk-based QA assessment approach was used. Sample programs for quality control and assurance are included. The use of the Gamma Knife was found to conform to existing standards and guidelines concerning radiation safety and quality control of external beam therapies (shielding, safety reviews, radiation surveys, interlock systems, exposure monitoring, good medical physics practices, etc.) and to be compliant with NRC teletherapy regulations. There are, however, current practices for the Gamma Knife not covered by existing, formalized regulations, standards, or guidelines. These practices have been adopted by Gamma Knife users and continue to be developed with further experience. Some of these have appeared in publications or presentations and are slowly finding their way into recommendations of professional organizations.

  8. Quality assurance for gamma knives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes and summarizes the results of a quality assurance (QA) study of the Gamma Knife, a nuclear medical device used for the gamma irradiation of intracranial lesions. Focus was on the physical aspects of QA and did not address issues that are essentially medical, such as patient selection or prescription of dose. A risk-based QA assessment approach was used. Sample programs for quality control and assurance are included. The use of the Gamma Knife was found to conform to existing standards and guidelines concerning radiation safety and quality control of external beam therapies (shielding, safety reviews, radiation surveys, interlock systems, exposure monitoring, good medical physics practices, etc.) and to be compliant with NRC teletherapy regulations. There are, however, current practices for the Gamma Knife not covered by existing, formalized regulations, standards, or guidelines. These practices have been adopted by Gamma Knife users and continue to be developed with further experience. Some of these have appeared in publications or presentations and are slowly finding their way into recommendations of professional organizations

  9. Local Unitary Equivalent Consistence for n-Party States and Their (n-1)-Party Reduced Density Matrices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Zhen; WANG He-Ping; WANG Zhi-Xi; FEI Shao-Ming

    2011-01-01

    We present that the local unitary equivalence of n-party pure states is consistent with that of their (n - 1)-party reduced density matrices. As an application, we obtain the local invariants for a class of tripartite pure qudits.%@@ We present that the local unitary equivalence of n-party pure states is consistent with that of their (n-l)-party reduced density matrices.As an application, we obtain the local invariants for a class of tripartite pure qudits.

  10. Quality assurance in the ambulatory care setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyler, R D

    1989-01-01

    One of the most utilitarian developments in the field of quality assurance in health care has been the introduction of industrial concepts of quality management. These concepts, coupled with buyer demand for accountability, are bringing new perspectives to health care quality assurance. These perspectives provide a new view of quality assurance as a major responsibility and strategic opportunity for management; a competitive and marketable commodity; and a method of improving safety, effectiveness, and satisfaction with medical care. PMID:10313405

  11. Reinforcing Quality Assurance in Romanian Higher Education

    OpenAIRE

    Ana-Maria Dima

    2010-01-01

    Since 1993, the quality assurance system in Romania has gained considerable experience. This experience was recently recognized in 2008 by the ENQA: European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education through the admission of ARACIS as a full member of EQAR: the European Quality Assurance Register. The Board of ENQA agreed to grant ARACIS’s full membership of ENQA for five years from 2 June 2009. This article explores the benefits of membership for the Romanian Agency for Quality A...

  12. GSFC Safety and Mission Assurance Organization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Michael P.

    2010-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation reviews NASA Goddard Space Flight Center's approach to safety and mission assurance. The contents include: 1) NASA GSFC Background; 2) Safety and Mission Assurance Directorate; 3) The Role of SMA-D and the Technical Authority; 4) GSFC Mission assurance Requirements; 5) GSFC Systems Review Office (SRO); 6) GSFC Supply Chain Management Program; and 7) GSFC ISO9001/AS9100 Status Brief.

  13. Keys to effective third-party process safety audits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA's) Process Safety Management (PSM) regulation was promulgated in 1992. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) corresponding Risk Management Program (RMP) rule followed in 1996. Both programs include requirements for triennial compliance audits. Effective compliance audits are critical in identifying program weaknesses and ensuring the safety of facility personnel and the surrounding public. Large companies with corporate and facility health, safety, and environmental groups typically have the resources and experience to conduct audits internally, either through a corporate audit team or the sharing of personnel between multiple facilities. Small to medium sized businesses frequently do not have the expertise or the resources to perform compliance audits, and rely on third-party consultants to provide these services. This paper will discuss the observations of the authors in performing audits and working with PSM/RMP programs across a number of market sectors (e.g. chemical, petrochemical, pharmaceutical, food and beverage, water treatment), including effective practices, hurdles to successful implementation and execution of programs, and typical program shortcomings. The paper will also discuss steps to improve the audit process and increase effectiveness whether performed by a third party or internally

  14. The Assurance of CHRIST to His followers

    OpenAIRE

    Asumadu-Sarkodie, Samuel

    2012-01-01

    The Assurance of CHRIST to His followers. Assurance: grk. Hupostasis meaning: full and sustained confidence and trust; unwavering conviction. There is a favourite Ghanaian proverb which says "if a naked man says he will clothe you, listen to him quietly". Before someone could assure you of something, he must be self-reliant or independent. Christ Jesus has assured His followers because He is capable, has done it before, continues to do it and will do it. Isaiah 50:4-9a; talks about the qualif...

  15. Party system and democratic change: approaches to the Dominican case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilfredo LOZANO

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of transformation of political parties as well as the party system have taken place after the disappearance of the three mayor political leaders and founders of the three most important modern political parties: Bosch (PLD, Peña Gómez (PRD and Balaguer (PRSC. The constituent process of party system and leadership styles have been studied. The relationship between party systems and the State have been discussed, emphasizing its neopatrimonialist ascending and clientelism performance. Finally, a few notes have been provided in order to address the development of a neopatrimonialist elite and clientelistic management of electoral politics.

  16. Mobile Video Game Quality Assurance In a Startup Company During a Closed Beta Test Phase : Case Grey Area

    OpenAIRE

    Aaltio, Jonas

    2013-01-01

    Quality assurance in mobile video games development has a crucial role. It improves the product in all frontiers and serves as one of the final steps before introducing the product to an audience. A working quality assurance will offer benefits to both customer and developer company. Startup companies have a unique approach to quality assurance and Grey Area with its product development approach is among so called lean startup companies. When a startup company enters a closed beta test phase,...

  17. Quality assurance and control, simply a must

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: At the low level tritium laboratory Arsenal the work with isotopes started in the 1960s. At that time quality control or assurance were words not used very frequently or simply not known and until the 1980s this situation did not change. But running a laboratory without any control or working directions does not make sense as customers who received doubtful results can not be expected to submit further samples for analyses to that institute. At the time before a controlled quality assurance system was established and before ACCESS or ORACLE appeared a database was programmed to host all relevant sample data. All samples run through the preparation steps identified by a unique sample number assigned by the database program during the registration process. The liquid scintillation counters were attached to a mainframe computer with the help of which the final calculations were done. Lists of background and efficiency values were and still are updated after each calculation in the form of control charts and deviations from expected system characteristics are easily visible. In the year 1993 the research centre applied for the certification according to ISO 9001. In the course of this process a quality management handbook containing information about the department's activities and personal structure and the responsibilities as well. In a series of working instructions all procedures were documented and the persons in charge had to approve he knowledge about these instruction by their signature. In 1996 the centre was certified. After the certification audit regular internal audit were and are performed to guarantee the quality of the results leaving our laboratory. In a next step the centre applied for accreditation and in 1998 the accreditation was granted by the ministry responsible. In 2003 we passed the first reaudit with success. An important part of quality control plays a laboratory intercomparison. As part of our quality management system we

  18. The Role Of Quality Assurance Program For Safety Operation Of Nuclear Installations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear installations expose potential hazard of radiation, therefore in their construction, operation and maintenance, it is necessary to consider safety aspect, in which the safety requirements which has been determined must be met. One of the requirements that is absolutely needed is quality assurance, which covers arrangement of quality assurance program, organization and administration of the implementation of quality assurance, and supervision. Quality Assurance program is a guideline containing quality policies and basic determination on the realization of activities that effect the quality of equipment's and items used in the operation of nuclear installations in order that the operation of nuclear installation can run safety and in accordance with their design aims and operation limits. Quality Assurance Program includes document control, design control, supply control, control of equipment s and items, operation/process control, inspection and control of equipment test, and control of nonconformance and corrections. General system of nuclear installation operation is equipped with safety and supporting systems. These systems must apply the quality assurance program that cover control of activities in the systems. In the implementation of the quality assurance program, it is necessary to establish procedures, work guidelines/instructions, and quality recording that constitutes documents of quality system 2nd, 3th, and 4th level after the quality assurance program. To ensure the effectivity and to prove whether the realization of the program has been pursuant to the determined requirements, an internal audit must be conducted accordingly

  19. On Lagrange Multipliers in Work with Quality and Reliability Assurance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vidal, Rene Victor Valqui; Becker, P.

    1986-01-01

    In optimizing some property of a system, reliability say, a designer usually has to accept certain constraints regarding cost, completion time, volume, weight, etc. The solution of optimization problems with boundary constraints can be helped substantially by the use of Lagrange multipliers techn...... areas of sales promotion and teaching. These maps illuminate the logic structure of solution sequences. One such map is shown, illustrating the application of LMT in one of the examples....

  20. The legal nature of the voyage charter party and its tax deployment

    OpenAIRE

    Júdice, Mônica Pimenta

    2016-01-01

    The present work has as main approach the voyage charter party. To do so, it was necessary to analyze the legal nature of this type of contract of affreightment, on its total or partial mode. This will enable to understand possible effects of Tax on the Circulation of Goods and Interstate and Intermunicipal Transportation Service – VAT and Service Tax.

  1. School Leadership and Citizenship Education: The Experiences and Struggles of School Party Secretaries in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Shuqin; Law, Wing-Wah

    2015-01-01

    Many scholarly works have examined school leadership, and many others have studied models for teaching citizenship education. Research combining both school leadership and citizenship education, however, is rare. The leadership of China's school party secretaries (SPSs), who are the equivalent of school principals in the Chinese school system…

  2. The lives of others: Third parties' responses to others' injustice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Reilly, Jane; Aquino, Karl; Skarlicki, Daniel

    2016-02-01

    This research takes a moral perspective to studying third parties' reactions to injustice as a function of their moral identity. Drawing from theories of deontic justice, moral intuition, moral heuristics, and moral identity, we develop and test a model of the moral underpinnings of third parties' reactions to injustice. First, we compare third parties' responses with interpersonal, distributive, and procedural justice violations. We hypothesize that third parties are more likely to intuit that interpersonal justice violations are morally wrong, compared with distributive and procedural justice violations. As a result, third parties are more likely to experience stronger moral anger and punish violators in response to interpersonal transgressions compared with distributive and procedural justice transgressions. Second, we test the proposition that third parties with a strong moral identity will react more strongly to justice violations than third parties with a comparatively weak moral identity. Results from 3 studies support these predictions. PMID:26214088

  3. Role of quality assurance in space-based optical systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hertzog, Stephen P.

    1993-12-01

    The key responsibility of the quality assurance organization is to assess and eliminate the potential sources of error which are an ever-present threat to quality and reliability. A guiding principle in this process is that human error is a constant, and that controlling it requires a systematic approach. It is essential to control work operations and manufacturing processes as well as inspections and tests. Work operations include design, materials procurement, vendor liaison, configuration control and packaging. This is the distinction between quality assurance and quality control. Q.C. is a check of the product. Q.A. is a check of the entire system that produces quality, from design to fabrication to shipping and installation. Q.C. is measurement quantification. Q.A. is conceptual, organizational. But the planners who saw the need for formalized Q.A. systems had more on their minds than the complexity of modern weapons systems. They were worried about human nature too.

  4. Third party liability for nuclear damage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Basic principles of nuclear liability legislation are discussed including absolute and limited liability and the role of the Sovereign State in idemnifying the operator for damage in excess of limited liability. European counrties realised the need for unifying the law of nuclear instability and efforts were made accordingly towards producing workable international conventions. The world's first legislation on nuclear liability - the USA Price-Anderson Act - is described in detail and a digest of nuclear liability claims experience is given. Observations of the present status of nuclear third party liability are outlined. (Author)

  5. Efficient Multi-Party Computation over Rings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cramer, Ronald; Fehr, Serge; Ishai, Yuval;

    2003-01-01

    Secure multi-party computation (MPC) is an active research area, and a wide range of literature can be found nowadays suggesting improvements and generalizations of existing protocols in various directions. However, all current techniques for secure MPC apply to functions that are represented by...... usefulness of the above results by presenting a novel application of MPC over (non-field) rings to the round-efficient secure computation of the maximum function. Basic Research in Computer Science (www.brics.dk), funded by the Danish National Research Foundation....

  6. Efficient Three Party Key Exchange Protocol

    OpenAIRE

    H. K. Pathak; Manju Sanghi

    2012-01-01

    Key exchange protocols allow two or more parties communicating over a public network to establish a common secret key called a session key. In 1976, Diffie and Hellman proposed the first practical key exchange (DH key exchange) protocol.  In 2005, Abdalla and  Pointcheval suggested  a new variation  of the computational   DH assumption  called chosen based computational Diffie Hellman (CCDH)  and presented  simple password based authenticated  key exchange protocols.  Since then several three...

  7. Efficient secure two-party protocols

    CERN Document Server

    Hazay, Carmit

    2010-01-01

    The authors present a comprehensive study of efficient protocols and techniques for secure two-party computation -- both general constructions that can be used to securely compute any functionality, and protocols for specific problems of interest. The book focuses on techniques for constructing efficient protocols and proving them secure. In addition, the authors study different definitional paradigms and compare the efficiency of protocols achieved under these different definitions.The book opens with a general introduction to secure computation and then presents definitions of security for a

  8. College Party Culture and Sexual Assault

    OpenAIRE

    Jason M. Lindo; Siminski, Peter; Swensen, Isaac D.

    2016-01-01

    This paper considers the degree to which events that intensify partying increase sexual assault. Estimates are based on panel data from campus and local law-enforcement agencies and an identification strategy that exploits plausibly random variation in the timing of Division 1 football games. The estimates indicate that these events increase daily reports of rape with 17-24 year old victims by 28 percent. The effects are driven largely by 17-24 year old offenders and by offenders unknown to t...

  9. The Feminist Consciousness in The Garden Party

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Song-zhi

    2016-01-01

    Feminist movement reaches its climax in the first two decades of the 20th century. There are many female novelists in that time and Mansfield is one of them. Most of her novels are full of feminist consciousness, and The Garden Party is a special one. The characters in the story are different from other story. The author describes how the society and its spokesman Mrs. Sher-idan restrain the nature of Laura in detail. The author uses Laura to hint the current situation of women.

  10. Statistical methods for quality assurance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is the first German-language textbook on quality assurance and the fundamental statistical methods that is suitable for private study. The material for this book has been developed from a course of Hagen Open University and is characterized by a particularly careful didactical design which is achieved and supported by numerous illustrations and photographs, more than 100 exercises with complete problem solutions, many fully displayed calculation examples, surveys fostering a comprehensive approach, bibliography with comments. The textbook has an eye to practice and applications, and great care has been taken by the authors to avoid abstraction wherever appropriate, to explain the proper conditions of application of the testing methods described, and to give guidance for suitable interpretation of results. The testing methods explained also include latest developments and research results in order to foster their adoption in practice. (orig.)

  11. Quality assurance and product quality

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The basic quality assurance requirements have to be completed by means that are oriented towards the quality of products; in COGEMA LOGISTICS our approach is based on four principles: 1) an integrated management system: Quality, health and safety, environment 2) an organization based on the responsibility of all actors, trust and transparency 3) a methodical approach to continuously improve the methods that are employed to achieve quality: -process management -corrective and preventive actions -self assessments and various surveys 4) but at the same time strong procedures for control and monitoring of all activities: -technical and quality audits (external and internal) -at source inspections -engineering activities inspections This performance-based approach is necessary to guaranty the effectiveness of the traditional formal QA means

  12. Islay development flow assurance challenges

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Helingoe, Mark; Greder, Hugues

    2010-07-01

    The Islay field is located in the Northern North Sea UK sector in the vicinity of the Alwyn Platforms. This gas condensate Brent structure is planned to be developed subsea with first gas in 2011. The main development challenge for this HPHT field comes from the early expected formation water production which is the source of major hydrate related flow assurance issues. As continuous inhibition is not feasible, Total has progressed a development scenario based on seabed conditioning prior to pipe laying so that water can be collected and temporarily inhibited at specific low points after a shut-down. It is also intended to heat trace the pipeline as a back-up solution to avoid hydrate formation. Heat tracing has so far never been implemented in Subsea developments. The Islay pilot could open the path to a new hydrate management philosophy for future developments. (Author)

  13. Mammography quality assurance in Morocco

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 'Centre National de l'Energie, des Sciences et des Techniques Nucleaires' (CNESTEN) realised, from February 1999 to March 2000, a quality control of 41 mammography facilities in Morocco. The protocol and standards adopted for achieving the control of elements constituting the mammography chain are those elaborated by GIM and Qualix association. Statistics and conformities results are presented. The program was performed in order to demonstrate to the practitioners in mammography field, the utility and necessity to have a national quality assurance policy. The main objective of CNESTEN is to be accredited by the Moroccan government as a reference laboratory in quality control and dose evaluation in medical imaging and radiotherapy. To achieve this goal the CNESTEN has set up Medical Physic Unit well trained and equipped with the necessary instruments. (author)

  14. Quality assurance and radiofrequency heating

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One pf the potential problems and limitations of scanning at high field strength is the deposition or radiofrequency (RF) power into the body. This paper proposes an inexpensive means of assessing radiofrequency power deposition in a magnet. This is particularly important at 3T where sequences approach Food and Drug Administration approved RF limits. It will also be of interest to operators at 1.5 T as part of their ongoing quality assurance programs. At 3T, we found that the RF power deposited in the magnet was less than that read by the MR power monitor. All measurements were performed with a 2.51 perspex spherical phantom. Copyright (2002) Blackwell Science Pty Ltd

  15. The third review conference of the parties to the Treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Third Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons was held in Geneva from 27 August to 21 September 1985, with a view to assuring that the purposes and provisions of the Treaty were being realized. The Conference ended with the adoption by consensus of a Final Declaration, by which the States parties, among other things, solemnly declared their conviction that the Treaty was essential to international peace and security and expressed their support for its objectives. This Fact Sheet provides information on the preparations for the Conference, developments at the Conference and the main features of the Final Declaration. Te text of the Treaty is reproduced in Disarmament Fact Sheet No. 33, and its historical background is contained in Fact Sheet No. 41

  16. Treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons: Review conference of the States Parties Geneva 1985

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Third Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons will be held in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1985 with a view to assuring that the purposes and provisions of the Treaty are being realized. The Treaty, commonly referred to as the non-proliferation Treaty, is the fundamental instrument to avert the danger of proliferation of nuclear weapons and is, perhaps, the most important multilateral arms regulation agreement of our time. It was negotiated in the 1960s in the Eighteen-Nation Committee on Disarmament in Geneva and in the United Nations General Assembly. The Treaty was opened for signature in London, Moscow and Washington on July 1, 1968. On that date, it was signed by the three Depositary Governments - the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States - and by 58 other States. As of December 31, 1983 the number of States parties to the Treaty had risen to 119

  17. Assuring Competency in Nuclear Power Plants: Regulatory Policy and Practice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report provides descriptive and comparative information on competency regulation and oversight in selected countries and identifies issues concerning competency. Interviews with competency experts in five countries: Sweden, Finland, Spain, Canada, and the United Kingdom were conducted and analyzed. The report provides a summary and comparison of the regulations used in these five countries. Regulations and policies in four areas are discussed: Licensing, certification and approvals; Educational qualifications; Training; Experience. Methods and tools used by regulators in the five countries are discussed with regard to how regulators: Assure that licensees determine the competencies needed for the safe operation of nuclear facilities and fill positions with competent staff; Oversee training and examinations in the areas of operations, engineering and maintenance; Assure competence of contractors; Oversee work group performance; Assure competency of managers; Assure competency of other personnel; Assure competency when modifications and other changes occur. Competency experts identified the following as the biggest challenges in regulating competency: The continued availability of qualified personnel; Determining appropriate criteria for competency and assuring those criteria are met. Determining whether licensees have adequately identified and met training needs, especially evaluating systematic approaches to training (SAT); Overseeing contractors. The following issues related to competency are discussed in the report: The sufficiency of qualified personnel; The evaluation of personnel requirements (determining appropriate criteria for competency and assuring those criteria are met); The effects of major organizational changes, including downsizing; Assurance of competency of contractors; International competency issues; The historical and current focus on technical and hardware issues over human factors issues; Selected examples illustrate regulatory

  18. Overall quality assurance program requirements for nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This standard contains the requirements for the owner's overall quality assurance program for a nuclear power plant. This program encompasses all phases of a nuclear power plant life cycle, including site evaluation, design, procurement, manufacturing, construction and installation, commissioning, operation, and decommissioning. It covers the activities associated with specifying, directing, and administering the work to be done during these phases, and the evaluation and integrated of the activities and programs of participants

  19. Internal Audits and Quality Assurance Surveillance in NPP Krsko

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper is describing establishment of the requirements for the development and execution of the Internal Audit and Quality Assurance Surveillance Program in the NPP Krsko, to identify relevant regulatory commitment and other documents, and to exhibit different functional areas, levels and work categories and factors that impact selecting and scheduling an audit or surveillance. It is not intention of this paper to explain how and by whom an audit or surveillance has to be done. (author)

  20. Device-independence for two-party cryptography and position verification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ribeiro, Jeremy; Thinh, Le Phuc; Kaniewski, Jedrzej;

    2016-01-01

    Quantum communication has demonstrated its usefulness for quantum cryptography far beyond quantum key distribution. One domain is two-party cryptography, whose goal is to allow two parties who may not trust each other to solve joint tasks. Another interesting application is position......-based cryptography whose goal is to use the geographical location of an entity as its only identifying credential. Unfortunately, security of these protocols is not possible against an all powerful adversary. However, if we impose some realistic physical constraints on the adversary, there exist protocols for which...... security can be proven, but these so far relied on the knowledge of the quantum operations performed during the protocols. In this work we give device-independent security proofs of two-party cryptography and Position Verification for memoryless devices under different physical constraints on the adversary...

  1. Sub-linear, Secure Comparison With Two Non-Colluding Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft, Tomas

    2011-01-01

    -colluding. Though this assumption is not satisfied in general, it clearly is for the main example of this work: two-party computation based on Paillier encryption. The first solution requires O(log()(κ + loglog())) secure arithmetic operations in O(log()) rounds, where κ is a correctness parameter. The second......The classic problem in the field of secure computation is Yao’s millionaires’ problem; we consider two new protocols solving a variation of this: a number of parties, P1, . . . , Pn, securely hold two - bit values, x and y – e.g. x and y could be encrypted or secret shared. They wish to obtain a...... bit stating whether x is greater than y using only secure arithmetic; this should be done without revealing any information, even the output should remain secret. The present setting is special in the sense that it is assumed that two specific parties, referred to as Alice and Bob, are non...

  2. A Three Party Authentication for Key Distributed Protocol Using Classical and Quantum Cryptography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suganya Ranganathan

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available In the existing study of third party authentication, for message transformation has less security against attacks such as man-in-the-middle, efficiency and so on. In this approach, we at hand give a Quantum Key Distribution Protocol (QKDP to safeguard the security in larger networks, which uses the combination of merits of classical cryptography and quantum cryptography. Two three-party QKDPs, one implemented with implicit user authentication and the other with explicit mutual authentication, which include the following: 1. Security against such attacks as the man-in-themiddle, eavesdropping and replay; 2. Efficiency is improved as the proposed protocols contain the fewest number of communication rounds among the existing QKDPs; 3. Two parties can share and use a long-term secret (repeatedly. To prove the security of the proposed schemes, this work also presents a new primitive called the Unbiased-Chosen Basis (UCB assumption.

  3. 48 CFR 37.604 - Quality assurance surveillance plans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Quality assurance... assurance surveillance plans. Requirements for quality assurance and quality assurance surveillance plans are in Subpart 46.4. The Government may either prepare the quality assurance surveillance plan...

  4. Quality assurance in nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The factors related to the licensing procedures of a nuclear power plant (quality assurance and safety analysis) are presented and discussed. The consequences of inadequate attitudes towards these factors are shown and suggestions to assure the safety of nuclear power plants in Brazil are presented. (E.G.)

  5. Teacher Reaction to ICP Quality Assurance Procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonard, Ann

    An integral part of the Quality Assurance Manual developed by Southwest Regional Laboratory (SWRL) to accompany the Kindergarten Program is the end-of-program assessment of the Instructional Concepts Program (ICP). Following completion of ICP Quality Assurance assessment, four teachers were interviewed in order to gather information pertinent to…

  6. Commissioning quality assurance at Pickering NGS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ontario Hydro decided in 1978 to implement a formal quality assurance program applicable to commissioning and operation of nuclear generating stations. Pickering NGS is the first station to have the commissioning quality assurance (CQA) program applied to it. This paper outlines the scope, implementation, and evaluation of the CQA program as applied to Pickering Unit 5

  7. Quality Assurance Reconsidered: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gynnild, Vidar

    2007-01-01

    This article examines an external evaluation of the quality assurance system at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) conducted by The Norwegian Agency for Quality Assurance in Higher Education (NOKUT). The external audit report along with internal reports provided by the seven faculties of the university served as the major…

  8. Quality Assurance in Chinese Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yuan

    2010-01-01

    Quality assurance has been integrated into the fabric of higher education in China, with the issue of quality in higher education--how to evaluate it and how to enhance it--now taking centre stage in Chinese higher education. In the past decade, the development of quality assurance in Chinese higher education has covered a broad spectrum of…

  9. 30 CFR 15.8 - Quality assurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Quality assurance. 15.8 Section 15.8 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TESTING, EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF... § 15.8 Quality assurance. (a) Applicants granted an approval or an extension of approval under...

  10. 40 CFR 194.22 - Quality assurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... COMPLIANCE WITH THE 40 CFR PART 191 DISPOSAL REGULATIONS Compliance Certification and Re-certification General Requirements § 194.22 Quality assurance. (a)(1) As soon as practicable after April 9, 1996, the... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Quality assurance. 194.22 Section...

  11. 30 CFR 14.8 - Quality assurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Quality assurance. 14.8 Section 14.8 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR TESTING, EVALUATION, AND APPROVAL OF... Quality assurance. Applicants granted an approval or an extension of approval under this Part must: (a)...

  12. 48 CFR 2453.246 - Quality Assurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Quality Assurance. 2453.246 Section 2453.246 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS Prescription of Forms 2453.246 Quality Assurance....

  13. 30 CFR 74.9 - Quality assurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... CFR part 51. Persons may obtain a copy from the International Organization for Standardization at the... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Quality assurance. 74.9 Section 74.9 Mineral... DUST SAMPLING DEVICES Requirements for Continuous Personal Dust Monitors § 74.9 Quality assurance....

  14. Quality Assurance in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Materu, Peter; Righetti, Petra

    2010-01-01

    This article assesses the status and practice of higher education quality assurance in sub-Saharan Africa, focusing on degree-granting tertiary institutions. A main finding is that structured national-level quality assurance processes in African higher education are a very recent phenomenon and that most countries face major capacity constraints.…

  15. 78 FR 5813 - 2013 Assuring Radiation Protection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-28

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 2013 Assuring Radiation Protection AGENCY: Food and Drug... protection program. The goal of the 2013 Assuring Radiation Protection will be to coordinate Federal, State... radiation protection. The recipient will establish committees, in accordance with Federal statutes...

  16. Quality assurance for image-guided radiotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The topics discussed include, among others, the following: Quality assurance program; Image guided radiotherapy; Commissioning and quality assurance; Check of agreement between visual and displayed scales; quality controls: electronic portal imaging device (EPID), MV-kV and kV-kV, cone-beam CT (CBCT), patient doses. (P.A.)

  17. Quality assurance plan, Westinghouse Water Reactor Divisions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1976-03-01

    The Quality Assurance Program used by Westinghouse Nuclear Energy Systems Water Reactor Divisions is described. The purpose of the program is to assure that the design, materials, and workmanship on Nuclear Steam Supply System (NSSS) equipment meet applicable safety requirements, fulfill the requirements of the contracts with the applicants, and satisfy the applicable codes, standards, and regulatory requirements.

  18. Quality Assurance Program and Brain Drain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lien, Donald

    2008-01-01

    The number of colleges and universities in most developing countries has increased drastically over the past decades. The quality variation of these institutions is an alarming concern. Quality assurance programs are proposed and implemented. This paper evaluates the effects of quality assurance on the demand for college education, study abroad,…

  19. Quality assurance manual: Volume 2, Appendices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oijala, J.E.

    1988-06-01

    This paper contains quality assurance information on departments of the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. Particular quality assurance policies and standards discussed are on: Mechanical Systems; Klystron and Microwave Department; Electronics Department; Plant Engineering; Accelerator Department; Purchasing; and Experimental Facilities Department. (LSP)

  20. Hungary Higher Education Quality Assurance System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Che Ru-shan

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Higher education quality assurance system has drawn much attention since 1980s. Most countries are committed to build the higher education quality assurance system to meet international standards. Under such an international trend, Hungary also actively promotes higher education reform, and established Hungarian Accreditation Committee and in order to ensure the quality of higher education.

  1. Hungary Higher Education Quality Assurance System

    OpenAIRE

    Che Ru-shan; Li Xin

    2013-01-01

    Higher education quality assurance system has drawn much attention since 1980s. Most countries are committed to build the higher education quality assurance system to meet international standards. Under such an international trend, Hungary also actively promotes higher education reform, and established Hungarian Accreditation Committee and in order to ensure the quality of higher education.

  2. LES PARTIES DU CONTRAT DE CONCESSION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Octavian OLARU

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available The essential feature of the administrative contract, which is part of the concession contract, differentiates from the civil contract with at least one of the topics of administrative contract that is a physical person of public law. Thus, if the subject of civil contract can be any physical or juridical person that has full the capacity to exercise, then, in the case of the administrative contract, at least one subject must have the special “quality”, namely to be a public authority or a moral person of public law. If one of the contracting parties is a public figure and the other is a person of private law, the contract may be administrative. “This condition is necessary, but not sufficient”. By the definition given to concession in article 1 line 1 of the Law on concessions, the legislator determines not only the name of the contracting parties, which formed the juridical report (the conceded, the concessionaire but also the subject concession contract, which makes it different from other administrative contracts. Moreover, in the article 4 of the cited law, it is determined the scope of the public authorities, juridical persons of public law that may have the quality of conceded, while article 5 provides the scope of persons who may have the quality of concessionaire.

  3. Reinforcing Quality Assurance in Romanian Higher Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana-Maria Dima

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Since 1993, the quality assurance system in Romania has gained considerable experience. This experience was recently recognized in 2008 by the ENQA: European Association for Quality Assurance in Higher Education through the admission of ARACIS as a full member of EQAR: the European Quality Assurance Register. The Board of ENQA agreed to grant ARACIS’s full membership of ENQA for five years from 2 June 2009. This article explores the benefits of membership for the Romanian Agency for Quality Assurance in Higher Education – ARACIS, comparing to other regional and global quality assurance agencies networks. The common features and differences between ARACIS and other European agencies are questioned through the frameworks of ENQA and INQAAHE as a case study.

  4. The {open_quotes}Command and Control{close_quotes} philosophy of the Communist party of China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kominiak, G.J.; Eisenberger, J.C.; Menaul, K.L. [and others

    1996-01-01

    China`s central political authorities have constructed a system which is designed to enable them to exert their personal influence and control over each level of every organization in the country -- both civil and military. The Communist Party of China (CPC) is represented at all levels of each and every organization, including the People`s Liberation Army (PLA). These Party entities are intended to both provide oversight and to ensure that Party policies, directives and orders are obeyed. This penchant for political control, which may have its roots in China`s imperial past, appears to have been reinforced by the early developmental path chosen by the Party`s leadership. Current attempts aimed at maintaining political control of its resources, especially the military, are embodied in the formal system of {open_quotes}Political Work.{close_quotes} In the PLA, this system of political control results in the involvement of political organs in day-to-day military matters to an extent unheard of in the West. Further work is needed in order to understand, more fully, both the system of {open_quotes}Political Work{close_quotes} and its contributions to the overall military (and civil) command and control philosophic of the Communist Party of China.

  5. Political Market Orientation and Strategic Party Postures in Danish Political Parties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ormrod, Robert P.; Henneberg, Stephan

    2011-01-01

    /implications – The investigation represents an intra-group analysis, i.e. it is concerned only with two parties in one political system; however, this reflects the oligopolistic character of the vast majority of electoral markets and thus further research could compare results across political systems. A link with...

  6. Reliability assurance programme guidebook for advanced light water reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To facilitate the implementation of reliability assurance programmes (RAP) within future advanced reactor programmes and to ensure that the next generation of commercial nuclear reactors achieves the very high levels of safety, reliability and economy which are expected of them, in 1996, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) established a task to develop a guidebook for reliability assurance programmes. The draft RAP guidebook was prepared by an expert consultant and was reviewed/modified at an Advisory Group meeting (7-10 April 1997) and at a consults meeting (7-10 October 1997). The programme for the RAP guidebook was reported to and guided by the Technical Working Group on Advanced Technologies for Light Water Reactors (TWG-LWR). This guidebook will demonstrate how the designers and operators of future commercial nuclear plants can exploit the risk, reliability and availability engineering methods and techniques developed over the past two decades to augment existing design and operational nuclear plant decision-making capabilities. This guidebook is intended to provide the necessary understanding, insights and examples of RAP management systems and processes from which a future user can derive his own plant specific reliability assurance programmes. The RAP guidebook is intended to augment, not replace, specific reliability assurance requirements defined by the utility requirements documents and by individual nuclear steam supply system (NSSS) designers. This guidebook draws from utility experience gained during implementation of reliability and availability improvement and risk based management programmes to provide both written and diagrammatic 'how to' guidance which can be followed to assure conformance with the specific requirements outlined by utility requirements documents and in the development of a practical and effective plant specific RAP in any IAEA Member State

  7. Quality Assurance Review of SKB's Copper Corrosion Experiments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    SKB is preparing a license application for the construction of a final repository for spent nuclear fuel in Sweden. This application will be supported by the safety assessment SR-Site for the post-closure phase. The assessment of long-term safety is based on a broad range of experimental results from laboratory scale, intermediate scale and up to full scale experiments. It is essential that there is a satisfactory level of assurance that experiments have been carried out with sufficient quality, so that results can be considered to be reliable within the context of their use in safety assessment. The former named authority, SKI, has initiated a series of reviews of SKB's methods of quality assurance and their implementation. This quality assurance review is focused on the work of copper corrosion being conducted in at SKB's Hard Rock Laboratory (HRL) in Aespoe, LOT and Miniature canister (Minican) experiments. In order for the reviewers to get a broad understanding of the issue of copper corrosion both SKB reports as well as the viewpoint of MKG was collected prior to commencement of the actual review task. The purpose of this project is to assess SKB's quality assurance with the view of providing input for the preparation of the SR-Site safety assessment. This has been achieved by examination of the corrosion part of the LOT and Minican experiments using a check list, visits to the relevant facilities, and meetings with contractors and a few members of the SKB staff. The same approach for quality assurance reviews has been used earlier in similar review tasks. During the quality review of the selected projects, several QA- related issues of different degree of severity was noted by the reviewers. The most significant finding was that SKB has chosen to present only selected real-time corrosion monitoring data in TR-09-20. This was surprising and SSM expect that SKB will analyse the reason for this thoroughly. The reviewers also made other observations which can be

  8. National Program of Quality Assurance in Radiotherapy in Cuba

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It tries on the establishment of a Quality Assurance Nacional System, a Quality Assurance Committee implemented in Cuba, and a Quality Auditory National Program implemented in Cuba to control and assure radiotherapy quality

  9. A Market for Justice: A First Empirical Look at Third Party Litigation Funding

    OpenAIRE

    Abrams, David; Daniel L. Chen

    2013-01-01

    The alienability of legal claims holds the promise of increasing access to justice and fostering development of the law. While much theoretical work points to this possibility, no empirical work has investigated the claims, largely due to the rarity of trading in legal claims in modern systems of law. In this paper we take the first step toward empirically testing some of these theoretical claims using data from Australia. We find some evidence that third-party funding corresponds to an incre...

  10. School leadership and citizenship education: the experiences and struggles of school party secretaries in China

    OpenAIRE

    Xu, S; Law, WW

    2015-01-01

    Many scholarly works have examined school leadership, and many others have studied models for teaching citizenship education. Research combining both school leadership and citizenship education, however, is rare. The leadership of China’s school party secretaries (SPSs), who are the equivalent of school principals in the Chinese school system and are particularly responsible for leading and supervising citizenship education and political work on campus, is even less researched. Drawing on dat...

  11. Can you party your way to better health? A propensity score analysis of block parties and health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dean, Lorraine T; Hillier, Amy; Chau-Glendinning, Hang; Subramanian, S V; Williams, David R; Kawachi, Ichiro

    2015-08-01

    While other indicators of social capital have been linked to health, the role of block parties on health in Black neighborhoods and on Black residents is understudied. Block parties exhibit several features of bonding social capital and are present in nearly 90% of Philadelphia's predominantly Black neighborhoods. This analysis investigated: (1) whether or not block parties are an indicator of bonding social capital in Black neighborhoods; (2) the degree to which block parties might be related to self-rated health in the ways that other bonding social indicators are related to health; and (3) whether or not block parties are associated with average self-rated health for Black residents particularly. Using census tract-level indicators of bonding social capital and records of block parties from 2003 to 2008 for 381 Philadelphia neighborhoods (defined by census tracts), an ecological-level propensity score was generated to assess the propensity for a block party, adjusting for population demographics, neighborhood characteristics, neighborhood resources and violent crime. Results indicate that in multivariable regression, block parties were associated with increased bonding social capital in Black neighborhoods; however, the calculation of the average effect of the treatment on the treated (ATT) within each propensity score strata showed no effect of block parties on average self-rated health for Black residents. Block parties may be an indicator of bonding social capital in Philadelphia's predominantly Black neighborhoods, but this analysis did not show a direct association between block parties and self-rated health for Black residents. Further research should consider what other health outcomes or behaviors block parties may be related to and how interventionists can leverage block parties for health promotion. PMID:26117555

  12. Network of social groups or Let's have a party

    CERN Document Server

    Brandau, M; Brandau, Marian; Trimper, Steffen

    2005-01-01

    We present a simple model for growing up and depletion of parties due to the permanent communication between the participants of the events. Because of the rapid exchange of information, everybody is able to evaluate its own and and all other parties by means of the list of its friends. Therefore the number of participants at different parties can be changed incessantly. Depending on the deepness of the social contacts, which will be characterized by a parameter $\\alpha $, a stable distribution of party members emerges. At a critical $\\alpha_c$ an abrupt depletion of almost all parties is observed and as the consequence all the peoples are assembled at a single party. The model is based on a hierarchical social network. The probability that a certain person is contacted to another one depends on the social distance introduced within the network and homophily parameter $\\alpha $.

  13. Quality Assurance for Essential Climate Variables

    Science.gov (United States)

    Folkert Boersma, K.; Muller, Jan-Peter

    2015-04-01

    Satellite data are of central interest to the QA4ECV project. Satellites have revolutionized the Earth's observation system of climate change and air quality over the past three decades, providing continuous data for the entire Earth. However, many users of these data are lost in the fog as to the quality of these satellite data. Because of this, the European Union expressed in its 2013 FP7 Space Research Call a need for reliable, traceable, and understandable quality information on satellite data records that could serve as a blueprint contribution to a future Copernicus Climate Change Service. The potential of satellite data to benefit climate change and air quality services is too great to be ignored. QA4ECV therefore bridges the gap between end-users of satellite data and the satellite data products. We are developing an internationally acceptable Quality Assurance (QA) framework that provides understandable and traceable quality information for satellite data used in climate and air quality services. Such a framework should deliver the historically linked long-term data sets that users need, in a format that they can readily use. QA4ECV has approached more than 150 users and suppliers of satellite data to collect their needs and expectations. The project will use their response as a guideline for developing user-friendly tools to obtain information on the completeness, accuracy, and fitness-for-purpose of the satellite datasets. QA4ECV collaborates with 4 joint FP7 Space projects in reaching out to scientists, policy makers, and other end-users of satellite data to improve understanding of the special challenges -and also opportunities- of working with satellite data for climate and air quality purposes. As a demonstration of its capacity, QA4ECV will generate multi-decadal climate data records for 3 atmospheric ECV precursors (nitrogen dioxide, formaldehyde, and carbon monoxide) and 3 land ECVs (albedo, leaf area index and absorbed photosynthetically active

  14. Reformulating the Party Coalitions: The "Christian Democratic" Republicans

    OpenAIRE

    Petrocik, John R.

    1998-01-01

    The party coalitions that emerged from the New Deal realignment were defined by race, nationality and ethnicity, religion, region, and social class. In the last decade, the "religious impulse" has become an increas-ingly important aspect of the party coalitions as Republican and Demo-cratic identifiers have become increasingly distinct in terms of their re-ligiosity and religious practice. The paper traces the increasing impor-tance of religiosity and social class as correlates of party ident...

  15. Populism in Iceland: Has the Progressive Party turned populist?

    OpenAIRE

    Eiríkur Bergmann Einarsson

    2015-01-01

    Though nationalism has always been strong in Iceland, populist political parties did not emerge as a viable force until after the financial crisis of 2008. On wave of the crisis a completely renewed leadership took over the country’s old agrarian party, the Progressive Party (PP), which was rapidly transformed in a more populist direction. Still the PP is perhaps more firmly nationalist than populist. However, when analyzing communicational changes of the new postcrisis leadership it is unavo...

  16. Progress, unity and democracy: dissolving political parties in Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    Koğacıoğlu, Dicle; Kogacioglu, Dicle

    2004-01-01

    In this article, I analyze two cases where the Turkish Constitutional Court dissolved political parties during the 1990s. Specifically, I examine the cases against the Islamist Refah (Welfare/Well-Being) Party and the pro-Kurdish Halkin Emek Partisi (People's Labor Party). While the former was charged with threatening the secular basis of the national social order, the charges against the latter were around its allegedly separatist character. I engage in an in-depth analysis of the lines of a...

  17. Anti-Corruption Parties and Good Government

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bågenholm, Andreas; Charron, Nicholas

    2015-01-01

    , institutions and other constraints and how this affects corruption and other forms of bad government. It problematizes the incentives for elites and masses to fight grand and petty corruption, respectively, and demonstrates the importance of elite constraints for good societies, where infant mortality is low...... and life expectancy and satisfaction are high. It also explores the behavior of a largely unconstrained elite group, namely the diplomatic corps, and shows how corruption not only takes the form of money transfers but also of sexual exploitation.It reveals how even rather distant historical...... introduced through interactions between recruitment regimes to the bureaucracy, or economic motivations and democratic accountability. Finally, it explores how political parties can be a positive force in the fight against corruption and bad government...

  18. Large hadron collider (LHC) project quality assurance plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The LHC Quality Assurance Plan is a set of operating principles, requirements, and practices used to support Berkeley Lab's participation in the Large Hadron Collider Project. The LHC/QAP is intended to achieve reliable, safe, and quality performance in the LHC project activities. The LHC/QAP is also designed to fulfill the following objectives: (1) The LHC/QAP is Berkeley Lab's QA program document that describes the elements necessary to integrate quality assurance, safety management, and conduct of operations into the Berkeley Lab's portion of the LHC operations. (2) The LHC/QAP provides the framework for Berkeley Lab LHC Project administrators, managers, supervisors, and staff to plan, manage, perform, and assess their Laboratory work. (3) The LHC/QAP is the compliance document that conforms to the requirements of the Laboratory's Work Smart Standards for quality assurance (DOE O 414.1, 10 CFR 830.120), facility operations (DOE O 5480.19), and safety management (DOE P 450.4)

  19. Large hadron collider (LHC) project quality assurance plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gullo, Lisa; Karpenko, Victor; Robinson, Kem; Turner, William; Wong, Otis

    2002-09-30

    The LHC Quality Assurance Plan is a set of operating principles, requirements, and practices used to support Berkeley Lab's participation in the Large Hadron Collider Project. The LHC/QAP is intended to achieve reliable, safe, and quality performance in the LHC project activities. The LHC/QAP is also designed to fulfill the following objectives: (1) The LHC/QAP is Berkeley Lab's QA program document that describes the elements necessary to integrate quality assurance, safety management, and conduct of operations into the Berkeley Lab's portion of the LHC operations. (2) The LHC/QAP provides the framework for Berkeley Lab LHC Project administrators, managers, supervisors, and staff to plan, manage, perform, and assess their Laboratory work. (3) The LHC/QAP is the compliance document that conforms to the requirements of the Laboratory's Work Smart Standards for quality assurance (DOE O 414.1, 10 CFR 830.120), facility operations (DOE O 5480.19), and safety management (DOE P 450.4).

  20. Strategic behavior in the tri-party repo market

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    The repo market in the United States played a significant role during the 2007–2009 global financial crisis. A large portion of the transactions in this market take the form of a tri-party repo, where a third party (a clearing bank) intermediates between the borrower and the lender. The sudden withdrawal of tri-party repo funding was a critical factor leading to the demise of Bear Stearns. It is now widely believed that the tri-party repo infrastructure has some serious vulnerabilities. Using...